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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Surface Protection for Enhanced Materials Performance: Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Surface Protection for Enhanced Materials Performance: Science, ...

2

LANL: Facility Focus, MST-6 Materials Surface Science Investigations Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

07-018 Spring 2007 07-018 Spring 2007 T he MST-6 Materials Surface Science Investigations Laboratory is home to a one-of-a-kind integrated instrument for surface science and materials research, allowing scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory the unique opportunity to perform coordinated research using ultra-high vacuum surface measurements, in situ reactions, and materials synthesis tools. Housed in the Materials Science Laboratory, the surface science instrument features an ultra-clean integrated system for surface analysis and in situ surface modification, thin film deposition, and surface gas reactions. This integrated system is used for analytical surface science; materials electronic

3

Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science science-innovationassetsimagesicon-science.jpg Materials Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos...

4

Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science. Summary: ... Description: Group focus in materials science (inkjet metrology, micro-macro, advanced characterizations). ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

5

Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Materials Science Materials Science1354608000000Materials ScienceSome of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access./No/Questions? 667-5809library@lanl.gov Materials Science Some of these resources are LANL-only and will require Remote Access. Key Resources Data Sources Reference Organizations Journals Key Resources CINDAS Materials Property Databases video icon Thermophysical Properties of Matter Database (TPMD) Aerospace Structural Metals Database (ASMD) Damage Tolerant Design Handbook (DTDH) Microelectronics Packaging Materials Database (MPMD) Structural Alloys Handbook (SAH) Proquest Technology Collection Includes the Materials Science collection MRS Online Proceedings Library Papers presented at meetings of the Materials Research Society Data Sources

6

Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science. Summary: Key metrologies/systems: In situ spectroscopic ellipsometry, linear and non-linear spectroscopies ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

7

Materials Science Evaluation Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Materials Science Evaluation Portal. Materials Science Evaluation Portal. Subject Areas. Modeling; Nondestructive; ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

8

NEWTON's Material Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Archive: Materials Science Archive: Loading Most Recent Materials Science Questions: Hydrogen Compounds and Heat Conduction Weaving Carbon Nanotubes Metal as Electrical Conductor, Not Thermal Steel Changes with Age PETE, Ultraviolet Light, Benefits Strength of Yarn by Spinning Each Substance Unique Density Alloy versus Constituent Density Knowing When Material is Melted Crystalline Metal Versus Metallic Glass and Conduction Super Glue, Surgery, and Skin Silica Gel Teflon Non-Stick Property Salt Crystal Formation Lubricating Rubber Bands and Elasticity Materials for Venus Probe Crystalline Solids and Lowest Energy Sodium Polycarbonate and Salt Water Early Adhesives Surface Energy and Temperature Separating Polypropylene, Polyester, and Nylon Factors Effecting Polymer Flexibility

9

SC e-journals, Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Materials Science Materials Science Acta Materialia Advanced Composite Materials Advanced Energy Materials Advanced Engineering Materials Advanced Functional Materials Advanced Materials Advanced Powder Technology Advances in Materials Science and Engineering - OAJ Annual Review of Materials Research Applied Composite Materials Applied Mathematical Modelling Applied Mathematics & Computation Applied Physics A Applied Physics B Applied Surface Science Archives of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering - OAJ Archives of Materials Science and Engineering - OAJ Carbohydrate Polymers Carbon Catalysis Science & Technology Cellulose Cement and Concrete Research Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings Ceramics International Chalcogenide Letters - OAJ Chemical and Petroleum Engineering

10

NEWTON's Material Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

11

NEWTON's Material Science Videos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science Videos Material Science Videos Do you have a great material science video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: University of Maryland - Material Science University of Maryland - Material Science The Department of Materials Science and Engineering offers a set of videos about various topics in material science to help students understand what material science is. Learn about plasma, polymers, liquid crystals and much more. LearnersTV.com - Material Science LearnersTV.com - Material Science LearnersTV.com offers a series of educational material science lectures that are available to the public for free. Learn about topics like polymers, non-crystalline solids, crystal geometry, phase diagrams, phase transformations and more. NanoWerk - Nanotechnology Videos NanoWerk - Nanotechnology Videos

12

Educational Material Science Games  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science Games Material Science Games Do you have a great material science game? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Games: >KS2 Bitsize BBC - Materials KS2 Bitsize BBC - Materials Sponsored by the BBC, K2S Bitsize offers tons of free online science games including a section on materials. Learn about the changes in materials, changing states, heat, rocks, soils, solids, liquids, gases, and much more. Science Kids - Properties of Materials Science Kids - Properties of Materials Learn about the properties of materials as you experiment with a variety of objects in this great science activity for kids. Discover the interesting characteristics of materials; are they flexible, waterproof, strong or transparent? Characteristics of Materials - BBC Schools Characteristics of Materials - BBC Schools

13

Materials Science Division - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home About MSD Information Awards Visit MSD Administrative Staff Division Personnel Research Research Groups Condensed Matter Theory Emerging Materials Energy Conversion and Storage Magnetic Films Molecular Materials Neutron and X-ray Scattering Superconductivity and Magnetism Surface Chemistry Synchrotron Radiation Studies Threat Detection and Analysis Group Research Areas Careers in MSD Internal Sites Search Front Slide 1 November 2013 - Patricia Dehmer (second from right), Deputy Director of Science Programs, DOE Office of Science, joined Argonne Director Eric Isaacs(left) and Associate Laboratory Director for Physical Sciences and Engineering Peter Littlewood(second from left) to tour the recently-opened Energy Sciences Building. Among Dehmer's stops was the crystal growth

14

LANL: Materials Science Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Laboratory (MSL) is Materials Science Laboratory (MSL) is an interdisciplinary facility dedicated to research on current materials and those of future interest. It is a 56,000 square-foot modern facility that can be easily reconfigured to accom- modate new processes and operations. It compris- es 27 laboratories, 15 support rooms, and 60 offices. The MSL supports many distinct materi- als research topics, grouped into four focus areas: mechanical behavior, materials processing, syn- thesis, and characterization. Research within the MSL supports programs of national interest in defense, energy, and the basic sciences. The MSL is a non-classified area in the Materials Science Complex in close proximity to classified and other non-classified materials research facilities. The Materials Science

15

Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the Materials Sciences Division`s annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

Not Available

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

16

Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the Materials Sciences Division's annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

Not Available

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Materials Science & Engineering | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Clean Energy Materials Theory and Simulation Neutron Science Nuclear Forensics Nuclear Science Supercomputing Theory, Modeling and Simulation Mathematics Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Materials Science and Engineering SHARE Materials Science and Engineering ORNL's core capability in applied materials science and engineering directly supports missions in clean energy, national security, and industrial competitiveness. A key strength of ORNL's materials science program is the close coupling of basic and applied R&D. Programs building on this core capability are focused on (1) innovations and improvements in materials synthesis, processing, and design; (2) determination and manipulation of critical structure-property relationships, and (3)

18

Sandia National Labs: Materials Science & Engineering, Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING HOME OrganizationMission Capabilities Awards & Accomplishments Patents MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING CENTER Techniques 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 These are...

19

NREL: Energy Sciences - Theoretical Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computational Materials Science Solid-State Theory Materials Science Hydrogen Technology & Fuel Cells Process Technology & Advanced Concepts Research Staff Computational Science Printable Version Theoretical Materials Science Learn about our research staff including staff profiles, publications, and contact information. Using modern computational techniques, the Theoretical Materials Science Group, within NREL's Chemical and Materials Science Center, applies quantum mechanics to complex materials, yielding quantitative predictions to guide and interact with experimental explorations. Current research focuses on the following efforts: Design new photovoltaic materials that can improve solar cell efficiency and reduce its cost. Explain the underlying physics of new

20

Materials science and engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During FY-96, work within the Materials Science and Engineering Thrust Area was focused on material modeling. Our motivation for this work is to develop the capability to study the structural response of materials as well as material processing. These capabilities have been applied to a broad range of problems, in support of many programs at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. These studies are described in (1) Strength and Fracture Toughness of Material Interfaces; (2) Damage Evolution in Fiber Composite Materials; (3) Flashlamp Envelope Optical Properties and Failure Analysis; (4) Synthesis and Processing of Nanocrystalline Hydroxyapatite; and (5) Room Temperature Creep Compliance of Bulk Kel-E.

Lesuer, D.R.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... CITATION: Hummel, R.E. Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications, 2nd Edition, New York: Springer, 2004.

22

Materials Science Programs and Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science Programs & Projects. ... In this project we measure the fundamental electrical properties of materials from bulk to nanoscale from ...

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

23

Materials Science Applications at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Materials Science Applications VASP VASP is a plane wave ab initio code for quantum mechanical molecular dynamics. It is highly scalable and shows very good parallel...

24

Materials Science and Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials Science and Engineering Materials Science and Engineering 1 Fe---Cr A lloys f or A dvanced N uclear E nergy A pplica9ons Ron S caMaterials Science and Engineering 2 Thermodynamic S tabiliza9on o f G rain S ize The concept is that non---equilibrium solutes introduced by mechanical alloying can segregate to grain b oundaries, p roducing

25

NREL: Energy Sciences - Computational Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Version Computational Materials Science Illustration of molecular structure. Overall shape is a somewhat canted diamond, with a grid of small green balls connected in either a...

26

Bespoke Materials Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bespoke Materials Surfaces Bespoke Materials Surfaces Background The Department of Energy (DOE) has established performance and efficiency goals for power generation systems which will improve the ability of the U.S. energy sector to produce electricity efficiently with less impact to the environment. Power systems showing the most promise for reaching these goals require corrosion resistance alloys able to perform at very high pressures and temperatures. Increasing both the

27

Materials sciences programs, Fiscal year 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in materials science topics important to the mission of the Department of Energy. The programmatic divisions under the Office of Basic Energy Sciences are Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Geosciences, and Energy Biosciences. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship among synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences subfields include: physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 517 research programs including 255 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 262 research grants (233 of which are at universities), and 29 Small Business Innovation Research Grants. Five cross-cutting indices located at the rear of this book identify all 517 programs according to principal investigator(s), materials, techniques, phenomena, and environment.

NONE

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Materials Science & Tech Division | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Supporting Organizations Supporting Organizations Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Chemical Sciences Division Materials Science and Technology BES Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Program BES Materials Sciences and Engineering Program Joint Institute For Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Supporting Organizations | Materials Science and Technology SHARE Materials Science and Technology Division The Materials Science and Technology Division is unique within the Department of Energy (DOE) System with mission goals that extend from fundamental materials science to applied materials science and technology. One key component of the division is a strong Basic Energy Sciences (BES) portfolio that pushes the frontiers of materials theory, synthesis

29

Materials Science Advanced Materials News  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Contributes to Discovery of Novel Quantum Spin-Liquid Release Date ... Novel Filter Material Could Cut Natural Gas Refining Costs Release Date: 03 ...

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

30

Materials Science Advanced Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... to Discovery of Novel Quantum Spin-Liquid. illustration of metal organic framework Novel Filter Material Could Cut Natural Gas Refining Costs. ...

2013-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

31

Nuclear Materials Science:Materials Science Technology:MST-16...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Materials Science (MST-16) Home About Us MST Related Links Research Highlights Focus on Facilities MST e-News Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas MaRIE: Matter-Radiation...

32

Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST/MML Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science. Mission. ... Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science ...

2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Materials science worker Sandia materials scientists are creating scientifically tailored materials for U.S. energy applications and critical defense needs....

34

Materials Science Programs and Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Home > Materials Science Programs and Projects. ... the structure of crack tips, the rates ... as health care, communications, energy and electronics ...

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

35

Materials sciences programs, fiscal year 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Division of Materials Sciences is located within the DOE in the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in strategic materials science topics of critical importance to the mission of the Department and its Strategic Plan. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship amongst the synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences sub-fields include physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 458 research programs including 216 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 242 research grants (233 for universities), and 9 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the SBIR Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F contains descriptions of other user facilities; G, a summary of funding levels; and H, indices characterizing research projects.

NONE

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Materials Measurement Science Division Staff Directory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Patricia Ridgley Division Office Manager 301-975-3914. ... Material Measurement Laboratory Materials Measurement Science Division. ...

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

37

Mesoscale Computational Materials Science - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... Symposium, Mesoscale Computational Materials Science of Energy Materials. Sponsorship ... materials for advanced batteries and fuel cells

38

Materials Science/Crystallography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Understanding the ormation of Methane Hydrate F ... J.247 agnetic Excitation Spectrum in Spin ... eutron Vibrational Spectroscopy of Organic Materials ...

2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

39

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Surface and Interface Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Home About Us Departments Radiation, Nano Materials, & Interface Sciences > Radiation & Solid Interactions > Nanomaterials Sciences > Surface & Interface Sciences Semiconductor & Optical Sciences Energy Sciences Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering Research Carlos Gutierrez Carlos Gutierrez Manager Resources Department Folder 01114 Sharepoint Visit Our Labs Grest Group Nanorheology Research (514 KB PDF) Interfacial Force Microscopy Group (701 KB PDF) Research Image Gallery (3,698 KB PDF) Surface Imaging Laboratory Technology - Metals for tomorrow Tina Nenoff Departments Surface and Interface Sciences The Surface and Interface Sciences Department is engaged in a diverse portfolio of leading-edge research projects related to the understanding

40

Biological Materials Science Symposium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure and properties of biological materials exhibit a breadth and complexity .... Protective Role of Arapaima Scales: Structure and Mechanical Behavior.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, FY 1994. Revision 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thrust areas of the weapons-supporting research include surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, etc. The laboratory directed R and D include director`s initiatives, individual projects, and transactinium science studies.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Surface science | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surface science Surface science Subscribe to RSS - Surface science The study of the chemical and physical processes that occur in the interface between two phases of matter, such as solid to liquid or liquid to gas. Bruce E Koel Bruce Koel is professor of chemical and biological engineering at Princeton University. He is associated faculty in chemistry at the Princeton Institute for the Science and Technology of Materials (PRISM); associated faculty in the Princeton Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, and a collaborator on the National Spherical Torus Experiment at PPPL. Koel is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society and the American Vacuum Society, and a member of the governing board of the Council for Chemical Research.

43

Chemistry and Material Sciences Codes at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry and Material Sciences Codes Chemistry and Material Sciences Codes at NERSC April 6, 2011 & ast edited: 2012-02-24 15:12:59...

44

3D Materials Science 2014: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science 2014. June 29 – July 2, 2014 • Annecy, France. The International Congress on 3D Materials Science seeks ...

45

Chemical and Materials Sciences Building | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Materials Advanced Materials Research Areas Research Highlights Facilities and Capabilities Science to Energy Solutions News & Awards Events and Conferences Supporting Organizations Advanced Materials Home | Science & Discovery | Advanced Materials | Facilities and Capabilities SHARE Chemical and Materials Sciences Building Chemical and Materials Sciences Building, 411 ORNL's Chemical and Materials Sciences Building provides modern laboratory and office space for researchers studying and developing materials and chemical processes for energy-related technologies. The Chemical and Materials Sciences Building is a 160,000 square foot facility that provides modern laboratory and office space for ORNL researchers who are studying and developing materials and chemical

46

The computational materials science of concrete:  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Computational Materials Engineering (ICME), advanced by the ... models need to advance to the ... reposito- ry, the computational materials science of ...

2013-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

47

Computational Materials Science and Engineering Committee  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Computational Materials Science and Engineering Committee is part of the Materials Processing & Manufacturing Division;. Our Mission: Foster research ...

48

TMS Web Event: Radiation Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual conferences include the TMS Annual Meeting, the Electronic Materials Conference and the Materials Science & Technology Conference ...

49

Chemistry and materials science progress report, FY 1994  

SciTech Connect

Research is reported in the areas of surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, transactinide materials and properties and other indirectly related areas of weapons research.

NONE

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

ME306 Materials Science Course Syllabus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SUPPLEMENTARY REFERENCES ON RESERVE 1. James F. Shackelford, "Introduction to Materials Science for Engineering

Cleveland, Robin

51

Materials and Science in Sports: Exhibition - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials and Science in Sports Symposium, sponsored by the Structural Materials Division of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), will be held  ...

52

Materials and Science in Sports: Destination Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials and Science in Sports Symposium, sponsored by the Structural Materials Division of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), will be held  ...

53

Materials Science and Engineering A 438440 (2006) 11191123 Surface characteristics and biological properties of paclitaxel-embedding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, China b Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China, needle wire localisers, orthodontic arch wires, implantable drug delivery system, etc [3]. The specific be eliminated from body as carbon dioxide and water, and PLGA has been increasingly used to delivery drugs [6

Zheng, Yufeng

54

Multiscale Studies of the Formation and Stability of Surface-based Nanostructures, DOE Computational Materials Science Network - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

Summary of work performed under DOE-CMSN/FG0205ER46227, Multiscale Studies of the Formation and Stability of Surface-based Nanostructures, listing publications, collaborations, and presentations.

Einstein, Theodore L.

2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

55

Surface science and heterogeneous catalysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The catalytic reactions studied include hydrocarbon conversion over platinum, the transition metal-catalyzed hydrogenation of carbon monoxide, and the photocatalyzed dissociation of water over oxide surfaces. The method of combined surface science and catalytic studies is similar to those used in synthetic organic chemistry. The single-crystal models for the working catalyst are compared with real catalysts by comparing the rates of cyclopropane ring opening on platinum and the hydrogenation of carbon monoxide on rhodium single crystal surface with those on practical commercial catalyst systems. Excellent agreement was obtained for these reactions. This document reviews what was learned about heterogeneous catalysis from these surface science approaches over the past 15 years and present models of the active catalyst surface.

Somorjai, G.A.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Materials Science | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Economy Funding Opportunities State & Local Government Science & Innovation Science & Technology Science Education Innovation Energy Sources Energy Usage Energy Efficiency...

57

Computational Materials Science: from Basic Principles to Material ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 8, 2007... Thermodynamics Software/Codes, Visualization Software/Codes ... Topic Title: Computational Materials Science: from Basic Principles to ...

58

3D Materials Science 2014: Home Page  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Congress on 3D Materials Science seeks to provide the ... assess the state-of-the-art within the various elements of 3D materials science, but to ...

59

Material Science Advances Using Test Reactor Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 2, 2010 ... About this Symposium. Meeting, 2011 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Material Science Advances Using Test Reactor Facilities.

60

Materials Science and Technology in Hydroelectricity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Advances in Hydroelectric Turbine Manufacturing and Repair. Presentation ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightweight Materials Propulsion Materials Energy Storage Fossil Energy Nuclear - Radioisotope Power Systems Nuclear Energy Nuclear Fuels Nuclear Light Water...

62

FWP executive summaries: Basic energy sciences materials sciences programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides an Executive Summary of the various elements of the Materials Sciences Program which is funded by the Division of Materials Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico.

Samara, G.A.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Powered by Space Radioisotope Power Systems Energy.Gov Office of Nuclear Energy - Space Power Systems NASA Cassini- Huygens Mission to Saturn NASA Curosity - Mars Science...

64

Materials Science & Tech Division | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

accident tolerant fuels, and providing the materials underpinning for fusion energy. The nuclear materials program leverages off both fundamental and applied capabilities within...

65

NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Materials Science Staff  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Materials Science Staff Chemical and Materials Science Staff The Chemical and Materials Science staff members at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory work within one of five groups: the Chemical and Nanoscale Science Group, the Theoretical Materials Science Group, the Materials Science Group, the Process Technology and Advanced Concepts Group, and the Fuel Cells Group. Access the staff members' background, areas of expertise, and contact information below. Jao van de Lagemaat Director Marisa Howe Project Specialist Chemical & Nanoscale Science Group Nicole Campos Administrative Professional Paul Ackerman Natalia Azarova Brian Bailey Matthew C. Beard Matt Bergren Raghu N. Bhattacharya Julio Villanueva Cab Rebecca Callahan Russ Cormier Ryan Crisp Alex Dixon Andrew J. Ferguson Arthur J. Frank

66

Chemical Sciences Division | Advanced Materials |ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Sciences Chemical Sciences Division SHARE Chemical Sciences Division The Chemical Sciences Division performs discovery and uses inspired research to understand, predict, and control the physical processes and chemical transformations at multiple length and time scales, especially at interfaces. The foundation of the division is a strong Basic Energy Sciences (BES) portfolio that pushes the frontiers of catalysis, geosciences, separations and analysis, chemical imaging, neutron science, polymer science, and interfacial science. Theory is closely integrated with materials synthesis and characterization to gain new insights into chemical transformations and processes with the ultimate goal of predictive insights. Applied research programs naturally grow out of our fundamental

67

Teacher Resource Center: Fermilab Science Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fermilab Science Materials Fermilab Science Materials TRC Home TRC Fact Sheet Library Curricular Resources Science Fair Resources Bibliographies sciencelines The Best of sciencelines Archives Annotated List of URLs Catalog Teacher's Lounge Full Workshop Catalog Customized Workshops Scheduled Workshops Special Opportunities Teacher Networks Science Lab Fermilab Science Materials Samplers Order Form Science Safety Issues Tech Room Fermilab Web Resources Select from several categories of items available from the Fermilab Education Office. Teachers created these classroom materials as part of Fermilab educational programs. The following materials may be ordered either through the Education Office or through the Fermilab Friends for Science Education Online Store. ** Use the online order form (pdf).** You can fill it out online, save it, print it and send it by US mail.

68

Amorphous Materials: Common Issues within Science and Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Amorphous Materials: Common Issues within Science and Technology.

69

Electronic Materials Science Challenges in Renewable Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Electronic Materials Science Challenges in Renewable Energy. Author(s), Richard R. King. On-Site Speaker (Planned), Richard R. King.

70

Introduction to Computational Materials Science and Engineering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Introduction to Computational Materials Science and Engineering Tools. Short Course. July 11-12, 2013 • Salt Lake Marriott Downtown at City Creek • Salt Lake

71

Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 L ast edited: 2013-05-28 15:53:12...

72

Materials Science and Engineering Division Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... those engaged in the materials science and engineering enterprise to ... that solve problems in areas such as energy, electronics, transportation and ...

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

73

3D Materials Science 2012: Technical Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

3D Materials Science 2012: Technical Program July 8-12, 2012 • Seven Springs Mountain Resort • Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. View Session Sheets.

74

Textbook: Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... CITATION: Shackelford, J. F. Introduction to Materials Science for Engineers. 5th Edition, New York: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2000.

75

The Entire Material Science Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Archives, Since January 2005 Table of Contents: Materials Scientist Two Phase Materials Nano-technology Projections Scents in Scented Candles Rubber Band Materials Metallic...

76

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MTG MTG For the Public News & Highlights Publications Seminars Workshops Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Fact Sheet Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) Related Groups Computational Materials Science Group (CSMD) Nanomaterials Theory Institute (CNMS) Single Crystal Diffraction Group (NScD) University of Tennesee (MSE) ORNL Materials in Extreme Environments Other Useful Links American Physical Society DOE Office of Science Institute of Physics Office of Basic Energy Sciences National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Materials Group In The News PSD Directorate › MST Division › Materials Theory Group The Materials Theory Group (MTG) of the Materials Science and Technology

77

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface-science-related problems of energy technology.the first day, various energy technology areas were reviewedon the various energy technologies? How would you optimize

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cultivate a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach to materials research and help train the next generation of materials scientists. Quick Facts Established in 1962 Number of...

79

Advanced Materials | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

these new materials to industry. For example, an understanding of how defects form at the atomic level allows creation of improved materials that approach their theoretical...

80

Chemical and Materials Science (XSD) | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Materials Science (X-ray Science Division) Chemical and Materials Science (X-ray Science Division) The CMS group has operational responsibility for four experiment stations at sector 12 including: three undulator stations (12-ID-B, -C, and -D), and a spectroscopy and scattering bending magnet beamline (12-BM), and USAXS at 15-ID. As part of the APS Strategic Plan, canted undulators have been installed on 12-ID and 12-ID-B has become a full-time dedicated SAXS beamline and 12-ID-C and 12-ID-D are shared between TRSAXS, ASAXS, and surface scattering. Time-resolved and anomalous SAXS experiments on photosystems, biopolymers, polymers, ceramics, and catalytic systems are some of the focus areas for 12-ID-B and -C. At 12-ID-D surface scattering are used to study MOCVD growth, ferroelectrics, liquid solid interfaces and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NETL: Onsite Research: Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(OR) laboratory's analytical facility is completely equipped with a unique combination of classical wet laboratories combined with state-of-the-art surface physics techniques that...

82

ND in Materials Science and Technology II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research: ND in ... to the unique infrastructure and specialized staff of the Nuclear Laboratory. Shielded cells enable neutron diffraction studies on highly radioactive samples.

83

Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department, Brookhaven...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Qiang Li Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York 11973-5000 (631) 344-4490 qiangli@bnl.gov Education: Iowa State...

84

Photon Sciences Material Handling Equipment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Active Y Y Rhein Craig 20622 PSBC Active Y Y Page 3 of 80 List of Photon Sciences Mat'l Handling Equip 5242013 4:09:58 PM 725 UV East GE-56 PS-C01 Yale A-422-3749 2 ton...

85

Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

enhance the sensitivity of NMRMRI experiments in bulk materials, in nuclear-based spintronics, and quantum computation in diamond. Summary Dynamic nuclear polarization, which...

86

Technology Transfer in Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel Bioceramic Scaffolds for Regenerative Medicine ... The Energy Challenge and the Role of Advanced Materials Fernando Rizzo CGEE/PUC-Rio.

87

Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Center for Electron Microscopy Center for X-ray Optics Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis, North Research Highlights Research & Facilities Core Programs Materials...

88

New Opportunities for Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 8, 2013 ... O. Advanced Neutron and Synchrotron Studies of Materials: New ... Status of China Spallation Neutron Source and Perspectives of Neutron ...

89

Materials science aspects of coal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural organic materials are arrangements of linear aliphatic units and ring-like aromatic units arranged in a polymeric pattern. We show that fossilized organic materials such as coals and oil shale retain this polymeric character. We also show the polymeric nature of jet and amber

Charles Wert; Manfred Weller

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Materials Highlights | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials SHARE Materials Highlights 1-7 of 7 Results Neutron scattering characterizes dynamics in polymer family December 01, 2012 - Understanding the interplay between structure and dynamics is the key to obtaining tailor-made materials. In the last few years, a large effort has been devoted to characterizing and relating the structure and dynamic properties in families of polymers with alkyl side groups. Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells December 01, 2012 - Fuel cell technology is one potentially very efficient and environmentally friendly way to convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert a wide variety of fuels with simpler, cheaper designs than those used in

91

National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List | U...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Middle School Rules, Forms, and Resources Make Your Own National Science Bowl Competition Buzzer National Science Bowl Competition Buzzer Materials List National Science...

92

Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Training at NERSC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 or 510-486-8611 Home For Users Training & Tutorials Training Events Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June...

93

Radiation Materials Science Package (2007), by Gary S. Was - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 11, 2008 ... Fundamentals of Radiation Materials Science is a high-level materials science book/CD package intended for graduate students and ...

94

June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 15, 2012 by Francesca Verdier (0...

95

The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers...

96

NETL: Onsite Research: Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metallography Metallography NETL has a state-of-the art metallographic facility staffed with world renowned experts with experience on a wide range of alloys and materials with the tools to get the job done. Our metallography staff works with their customers to reveal the microstructure contained within the specimens using sophisticated polishing, staining, and microscopic techniques to develop new techniques and improve upon old ones. An understanding of the microstructure is a useful tool in a wide range of situations from developing processing techniques on new material to evaluating the performance of new and existing materials after exposure to aggressive conditions. The information our staff obtains is an invaluable part of a research program. For example:

97

FWP executive summaries, Basic Energy Sciences Materials Sciences Programs (SNL/NM)  

SciTech Connect

The BES Materials Sciences Program has the central theme of Scientifically Tailored Materials. The major objective of this program is to combine Sandia`s expertise and capabilities in the areas of solid state sciences, advanced atomic-level diagnostics and materials synthesis and processing science to produce new classes of tailored materials as well as to enhance the properties of existing materials for US energy applications and for critical defense needs. Current core research in this program includes the physics and chemistry of ceramics synthesis and processing, the use of energetic particles for the synthesis and study of materials, tailored surfaces and interfaces for materials applications, chemical vapor deposition sciences, artificially-structured semiconductor materials science, advanced growth techniques for improved semiconductor structures, transport in unconventional solids, atomic-level science of interfacial adhesion, high-temperature superconductors, and the synthesis and processing of nano-size clusters for energy applications. In addition, the program includes the following three smaller efforts initiated in the past two years: (1) Wetting and Flow of Liquid Metals and Amorphous Ceramics at Solid Interfaces, (2) Field-Structured Anisotropic Composites, and (3) Composition-Modulated Semiconductor Structures for Photovoltaic and Optical Technologies. The latter is a joint effort with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Separate summaries are given of individual research areas.

Samara, G.A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Materials Science and Technology Teachers Handbook  

SciTech Connect

The Materials Science and Technology (MST) Handbook was developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in Richland, Washington, under support from the U.S. Department of Energy. Many individuals have been involved in writing and reviewing materials for this project since it began at Richland High School in 1986, including contributions from educators at the Northwest Regional Education Laboratory, Central Washington University, the University of Washington, teachers from Northwest Schools, and science and education personnel at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Support for its development was also provided by the U.S. Department of Education. This introductory course combines the academic disciplines of chemistry, physics, and engineering to create a materials science and technology curriculum. The course covers the fundamentals of ceramics, glass, metals, polymers and composites. Designed to appeal to a broad range of students, the course combines hands-on activities, demonstrations and long term student project descriptions. The basic philosophy of the course is for students to observe, experiment, record, question, seek additional information, and, through creative and insightful thinking, solve problems related to materials science and technology. The MST Teacher Handbook contains a course description, philosophy, student learning objectives, and instructional approach and processes. Science and technology teachers can collaborate to build the course from their own interests, strengths, and experience while incorporating existing school and community resources. The course is intended to meet local educational requirements for technology, vocational and science education.

Wieda, Karen J.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Bliss, Mary; Pitman, Stan G.; Eschbach, Eugene A.

2008-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

99

Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Publications Publications J. R. I. Lee, H. D. Whitley, R. W. Meulenberg, A. Wolcott, J. Z. Zhang, D. Prendergast, D. D. Lovingood, G. F. Strouse, T. Ogitsu, E. Schwegler, L. J. Terminello and T. van Buuren. Ligand-Mediated Modification of the Electronic Structure of CdSe Quantum Dots. Nano Letters 12, 2763 (2012). abstract » B. Zamft, L. Bintu, T. Ishibashi and C. Bustamante. Nascent RNA structure modulates the transcriptional dynamics of RNA polymerases. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, 8948 (2012). abstract » W. Morris, B. Volosskiy, S. Demir, F. Gandara, P. L. McGrier, H. Furukawa, D. Cascio, J. F. Stoddart and O. M. Yaghi. Synthesis, Structure, and Metalation of Two New Highly Porous Zirconium Metal-Organic Frameworks. Inorganic chemistry 51, 6443 (2012). abstract »

100

Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report, 1987  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research programs from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in materials science, chemical science, nuclear science, fossil energy, energy storage, health and environmental sciences, program development funds, and work for others is briefly described. (CBS)

Not Available

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Intercollege Graduate Degree Program in Materials Science and Engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University 101 Steidle Building Joan Redwing, Chair & Professor of Materials Science and Engineering redwing

Kaye, Jason P.

102

Integration of Green Engineering Concepts into Materials Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Green Engineering and Environmental Stewardship. Presentation Title ...

103

Materials Sciences programs, Fiscal year 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides a compilation and index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs; the compilation is to assist administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into 7 sections: laboratory projects, contract research projects, small business innovation research, major user facilities, other user facilities, funding level distributions, and indexes.

NONE

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CST CST For the Public Publications Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members Facilities For Industry Capabilities Current Research Materials Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Fact Sheet Group Poster Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Corrosion Science and Technology Group Corrosion Kinetics in simulated high-temperature/high-pressure environments

105

Materials and Science in Sports--Calendar of Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials and Science in Sports Symposium, sponsored by the Structural Materials Division of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), will be held  ...

106

Materials and Science in Sports--Registration Information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials and Science in Sports Symposium, sponsored by the Structural Materials Division of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), will be held  ...

107

Materials and Science in Sports--Speakers and Presenters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials and Science in Sports Symposium, sponsored by the Structural Materials Division of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), will be held  ...

108

Materials and Science in Sports--Hertz Rental Car  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Materials and Science in Sports Symposium, sponsored by the Structural Materials Division of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), will be held  ...

109

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facilities Facilities Selected Publications Our People Contacts by Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment ShaRE User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Correlated Electron Materials Group In The News PSD Directorate › MST Division › Correlated Electron Materials Group CdSiP2Tin Flux The ultimate aim of our research is to attain a better understanding of complex materials, particularly those that are important to clean energy technologies. For example, we are currently investigating the relationship between magnetism and superconductivity, new mechanisms for enhancing

110

Dynamic Glazing from a Material Science Perspective  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dynamic Glazing from a Material Science Perspective Dynamic Glazing from a Material Science Perspective Speaker(s): Sunnie Lim Date: February 16, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Dragan Charlie Curcija Advanced window technology has been identified as a component which can greatly reduce the energy consumption of the building envelope. The next generation of advanced windows will involve a "smart-coating" technology where the optical and solar properties can be dynamically controlled. The performance of such coating is ultimately linked to its materials properties such as chemical composition and microstructure. These properties are directly influenced by the deposition process conditions. A promising dynamic windows technology is based upon the electrochromism process. An electrochromic window system consists of a sandwich of

111

Chemistry and Materials Science Strategic Plan  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's mission is as clear today as it was in 1952 when the Laboratory was founded--to ensure our country's national security and the safety and reliability of its nuclear deterrent. As a laboratory pursuing applied science in the national interest, we strive to accomplish our mission through excellence in science and technology. We do this while developing and implementing sound and robust business practices in an environment that emphasizes security and ensures our safety and the safety of the community around us. Our mission as a directorate derives directly from the Laboratory's charter. When I accepted the assignment of Associate Director for Chemistry and Materials Science (CMS), I talked to you about the need for strategic balance and excellence in all our endeavors. We also discussed how to take the directorate to the next level. The long-range CMS strategic plan presented here was developed with this purpose in mind. It also aligns with the Lab's institutional long-range science and technology plan and its 10-year facilities and infrastructure site plan. The plan is aimed at ensuring that we fulfill our directorate's two governing principles: (1) delivering on our commitments to Laboratory programs and sponsors, and (2) anticipating change and capitalizing on opportunities through innovation in science and technology. This will require us to attain a new level of creativity, agility, and flexibility as we move forward. Moreover, a new level of engagement in partnerships with other directorates across the Laboratory as well as with universities and other national labs will also be required. The group of managers and staff that I chartered to build a strategic plan identified four organizing themes that define our directorate's work and unite our staff with a set of common goals. The plan presented here explains how we will proceed in each of these four theme areas: (1) Materials properties and performance under extreme conditions--Fundamental investigations of the properties and performance of states of matter under extreme dynamic, environmental, and nanoscale conditions, with an emphasis on materials of interest to Laboratory programs and mission needs. (2) Chemistry under extreme conditions and chemical engineering to support national security programs--Insights into the chemical reactions of energetic materials in the nuclear stockpile through models of molecular response to extreme conditions of temperature and pressure, advancing a new technique for processing energetic materials by using sol-gel chemistry, providing materials for NIF optics, and furthering developments to enhance other high-power lasers. (3) Science supporting national objectives at the intersection of chemistry, materials science, and biology--Multidisciplinary research for developing new technologies to combat chemical and biological terrorism, to monitor changes in the nation's nuclear stockpile, and to enable the development and application of new physical-science-based methodologies and tools for fundamental biology studies and human health applications. (4) Applied nuclear science for human health and national security: Nuclear science research that is used to develop new methods and technologies for detecting and attributing nuclear materials, assisting Laboratory programs that require nuclear and radiochemical expertise in carrying out their missions, discovering new elements in the periodic table, and finding ways of detecting and understanding cellular response to radiation.

Rhodie, K B; Mailhiot, C; Eaglesham, D; Hartmann-Siantar, C L; Turpin, L S; Allen, P G

2004-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

112

NETL Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4, 2013 NETL Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate Innovation Washington, D.C. - For its leadership and innovation in science and technology, the Office...

113

Conference on Advances in Materials Science | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

in Materials Science Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing Institutional Research...

114

Materials sciences programs: Fiscal year 1995  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a convenient compilation and index of the DOE Materials Science Division programs. This compilation is primarily intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F describes other user facilities, G as a summary of funding levels and H has indices characterizing research projects.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Materials sciences programs fiscal year 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is to provide a convenient compilation and index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs. This compilation is primarily intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F describes other user facilities, G as a summary of funding levels and H has indices characterizing research projects.

NONE

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Polymer/Elastomer and Composite Material Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

/ Elastomer and / Elastomer and Composite Material Science KEVIN L. SIMMONS Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA DOE Headquarters, Forrestal Bldg. October 17-18, 2012 January 17, 2013 Kevin.simmons@pnnl.gov 1 Outline Hydrogen production, transmission, distribution, delivery system Common themes in the hydrogen system Automotive vs infrastructure Hydrogen use conditions Polymer/elastomer and composites compatibility? Common materials in BOP components, hoses, and liners Common materials in composite tank and piping Material issues Polymers/Elastomers Composites Questions 2 Main Points to Remember 1) Polymers are extensively used in hydrogen and fuel cell applications 2) Hydrogen impact on polymers is not well understood 3) Next steps 3 4 Hydrogen Production Systems

117

Molecular forensic science of nuclear materials  

SciTech Connect

We are interested in applying our understanding of actinide chemical structure and bonding to broaden the suite of analytical tools available for nuclear forensic analyses. Uranium- and plutonium-oxide systems form under a variety of conditions, and these chemical species exhibit some of the most complex behavior of metal oxide systems known. No less intriguing is the ability of AnO{sub 2} (An: U, Pu) to form non-stoichiometric species described as AnO{sub 2+x}. Environmental studies have shown the value of utilizing the chemical signatures of these actinide oxides materials to understand transport following release into the environment. Chemical speciation of actinide-oxide samples may also provide clues as to the age, source, process history, or transport of the material. The scientific challenge is to identify, measure and understand those aspects of speciation of actinide analytes that carry information about material origin and history most relevant to forensics. Here, we will describe our efforts in material synthesis and analytical methods development that we will use to provide the fundamental science required to characterize actinide oxide molecular structures for forensics science. Structural properties and initial results to measure structural variability of uranium oxide samples using synchrotron-based X-ray Absorption Fine Structure will be discussed.

Wilkerson, Marianne Perry [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Opportunities and Challenges to Careers in Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... employer (job location – (domestic or foreign, staff versus management, etc.) ... Materials Science and Engineering in the Canadian Oil Sands - Challenges & ...

119

Materials Science in Reduced Gravity - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... About this Symposium. Meeting, 2013 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium, Materials Science in Reduced Gravity. Sponsorship ...

120

Laboratory E133 - Material Science and Hydrogen Research ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... E137 | E138. Laboratory E133 - Material Science and Hydrogen Research Laboratory. Laboratory Contacts. Name: Kimberly ...

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

XG Sciences, ORNL partner on titanium-graphene composite materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

XG Sciences, ORNL partner on titaniumgraphene composite materials January 01, 2013 Titaniumgraphene composite specimens prepared for flash thermal diffusivity measurement....

122

Discussions@TMS -- Webinar Discussion: Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BACKGROUNDER for Discussing the Webinar: Materials Science and Policy for Environmentally Benign Electronics This posting provides background ...

123

Materials Science & Technology, MST: Los Alamos National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investigations Laboratory Mechanical testing and modeling in MST Sigma Complex Los Alamos National Laboratory's Materials Science and Technology Division provides...

124

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SPNM SPNM For the Public Awards Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Capabilities Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive | Honors and Awards Archive Lynn Boatner, Joanne Ramey, Hu Longmire, research featured in the 2013 Allied High Tech Products, Inc. Calendar in the form of a color micrograph for the month of March, 2013.

125

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TFN TFN For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Core Compentencies Our People Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Thin Films and Nanostructures Group Complex oxide thin films and heterostructures are important for not only fundamental physics, but also a wide range of exciting opportunities in

126

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ABD ABD For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members Facilities For Industry Research Projects Our People Group Leader, Staff Members, Facilities Find People Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Defect Physics (EFRC) User Facilities High Temperature Materials Laboratory (HTML) Shared Research Equipment User Facility (ShaRE) Related User Facilities Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) Seminars and Announcements MSTD Internal Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Alloy Behavior and Design Group The principal technical contact for discussing potential projects in the Alloy Behavior and Design Group is Dr. Easo P. George, Group Leader.

127

Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research is supported to understand, design, and control materials properties and function. These goals are accomplished through studies of the relationship of materials structures to their electrical, optical, magnetic, surface reactivity, and mechanical properties and of the way in

128

NETL Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate Innovation NETL Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate Innovation March 5, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - For its leadership and innovation in science and technology, the National Energy Technology Laboratory has earned two Carnegie Science Awards from the Carnegie Science Center. NETL representatives will pick up the Advanced Materials Award and the Corporate Innovation Award at the 17th annual award ceremony to be held May 3, 2013, at Carnegie Music Hall in Pittsburgh. The Carnegie Science Center established the Carnegie Science Awards program in 1997 "to recognize and promote innovation in science and technology across western Pennsylvania." The awards not only identify the innovators

129

Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

Angus Rockett

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering  

SciTech Connect

At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

Angus Rockett

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

CNMS | Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

science; synthesis science; and theory, modeling, and simulation. Operating as a national user facility, the CNMS supports a multidisciplinary environment for research to...

132

Material's Properties Control by Nano-Scale Surface Functionalization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material's Properties Control by Nano-Scale Surface Functionalization Material's Properties Control by Nano-Scale Surface Functionalization Theme We aim at developing an original...

133

Physical Behavior of Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physical Behavior of Materials Physical Behavior of Materials Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Behavior of Materials Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This research area supports basic research on the behavior of materials in response to external stimuli, such as temperature, electromagnetic fields, chemical environments, and the proximity effects of surfaces and interfaces. Emphasis is on the relationships between performance (such as

134

Materials Science Division Project Safety Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Miller, Electron Microscopes Miller, Electron Microscopes Project No. 20006.3 Materials Science Division Project Safety Review Safety Analysis Form (03/08) Date of Submission March 12, 2010 FWP No.: 58405 Project Title User Experimental Work with Electron Microscopes in the Electron Microscopy Center This Safety Analysis Form (SAF) supersedes previous versions of 20006 and its modifications. Is this a (check one) new submission renewal supplemental modification X Principal Investigator(s) Dean Miller Other Participants (excluding administrative support personnel) EMC staff and EMC users (Attach participant signature sheet) Project dates: Start: March 2010 End: Open-ended This form is to be completed for all new investigations or experimental projects that are conducted in MSD laboratories, and for all ongoing such projects that undergo significant change from their original

135

Surface Protection for Enhanced Materials Performance: Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal Barrier Coatings for Resistance Against Attack by Molten Silicate Deposits from CMAS Sand, Volcanic Ash, or Coal Fly Ash Ingested by Gas- Turbine ...

136

Surface Protection for Enhanced Materials Performance: Science ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Modeling Approach to Develop Protective Coatings for Fossil Energy Applications ... Doped Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Electrolytes Produced Via a Combination of ...

137

TMS 2010 Tutorial on "Nanoscale Computational Materials Science"  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TMS 2010: Tutorial on “Nanoscale Computational Materials Science” February 14-18, 2010 • Washington State Convention Center • Seattle, WA. This tutorial ...

138

3D Materials Science 2012: Housing and Travel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International Conference on 3D Materials Science 2012. July 8-12, 2012 • Seven Springs Mountain Resort • Seven Springs, Pennsylvania. Download Exhibits ...

139

3D Materials Science 2014: Housing and Travel - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

2nd International Congress on 3D Materials Science 2014. June 29 – July 2, 2014 • Annecy, France. CONGRESS LOCATION. Near Geneva, L'Impérial Palace ...

140

Materials and Science in Sports--Special Airfare - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

April 22-25, 2001 MATERIALS AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS ·Coronado, ... travel consultant must call US Airways' Meeting and Convention Reservation Office at ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Discussions@TMS - Employment in the Material Science Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 21, 2009 ... I am a recruiter in the Material Science industry specifically Metals Processing and while customers are still adding resources I wanted to get a ...

142

COURSE NOTES: ViMS: Visualizations in Materials Science ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... This web resource offers a detailed description of an interactive and graphics- based sophomore level introductory materials science course ...

143

JOM Examines Diversity in Materials Science and Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 25, 2013 ... The main article of the package offers interviews with authors of recent studies on diversity trends in materials science and engineering (MSE), ...

144

Conference on Advances In Materials Science - 2009, Prague, Czech...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

In Materials Science - 2009, Prague, Czech Republic | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

145

Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, The Ames Laboratory, Current and Future Direction in Processing Rare Earth Alloys for Clean Energy Applications Iver...

146

Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations ...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

- Presentations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing Institutional Research...

147

Chemistry and Materials Science Department annual report, 1988--1989  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the first annual report of the Chemistry & Materials Science (C&MS) Department. The principal purpose of this report is to provide a concise summary of our scientific and technical accomplishments for fiscal years 1988 and 1989. The report is also tended to become part of the archival record of the Department`s activities. We plan to publish future editions annually. The activities of the Department can be divided into three broad categories. First, C&MS staff are assigned by the matrix system to work directly in a program. These programmatic assignments typically involve short deadlines and critical time schedules. A second category is longer-term research and development in technologies important to Laboratory programs. The focus and direction of this technology-base work are generally determined by programmatic needs. Finally, the Department manages its own research program, mostly long-range in outlook and basic in orientation. These three categories are not mutually exclusive but form a continuum of technical activities. Representative examples of all three are included in this report. The principal subject matter of this report has been divided into six sections: Innovations in Analysis and Characterization, Advanced Materials, Metallurgical Science and Technology, Surfaces and Interfaces, Energetic Materials and Chemical Synthesis, and Energy-Related Research and Development.

Borg, R.J.; Sugihara, T.T.; Cherniak, J.C.; Corey, C.W. [eds.

1989-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

148

Material Science for Quantum Computing with Atom Chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In its most general form, the atom chip is a device in which neutral or charged particles are positioned in an isolating environment such as vacuum (or even a carbon solid state lattice) near the chip surface. The chip may then be used to interact in a highly controlled manner with the quantum state. I outline the importance of material science to quantum computing (QC) with atom chips, where the latter may be utilized for many, if not all, suggested implementations of QC. Material science is important both for enhancing the control coupling to the quantum system for preparation and manipulation as well as measurement, and for suppressing the uncontrolled coupling giving rise to low fidelity through static and dynamic effects such as potential corrugations and noise. As a case study, atom chips for neutral ground state atoms are analyzed and it is shown that nanofabricated wires will allow for more than $10^4$ gate operations when considering spin-flips and decoherence. The effects of fabrication imperfections and the Casimir-Polder force are also analyzed. In addition, alternative approaches to current-carrying wires are briefly described. Finally, an outlook of what materials and geometries may be required is presented, as well as an outline of directions for further study.

Ron Folman

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

149

Chemical and Engineering Materials | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics...

150

FWP executive summaries: basic energy sciences materials sciences and engineering program (SNL/NM).  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents an Executive Summary of the various elements of the Materials Sciences and Engineering Program which is funded by the Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico. A general programmatic overview is also presented.

Samara, George A.; Simmons, Jerry A.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Graphene: from materials science to particle physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since its discovery in 2004, graphene, a two-dimensional hexagonal carbon allotrope, has generated great interest and spurred research activity from materials science to particle physics and vice versa. In particular, graphene has been found to exhibit outstanding electronic and mechanical properties, as well as an unusual low-energy spectrum of Dirac quasiparticles giving rise to a fractional quantum Hall effect when freely suspended and immersed in a magnetic field. One of the most intriguing puzzles of graphene involves the low-temperature conductivity at zero density, a central issue in the design of graphene-based nanoelectronic components. While suspended graphene experiments have shown a trend reminiscent of semiconductors, with rising resistivity at low temperatures, most theories predict a constant or even decreasing resistivity. However, lattice field theory calculations have revealed that suspended graphene is at or near the critical coupling for excitonic gap formation due to strong Coulomb interactions, which suggests a simple and straightforward explanation for the experimental data. In this contribution we review the current status of the field with emphasis on the issue of gap formation, and outline recent progress and future points of contact between condensed matter physics and Lattice QCD.

Joaquín E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde; Eero Tölö

2010-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

152

Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report 1989  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes research conducted at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, programs are discussed in the following topics: materials sciences; chemical sciences; fossil energy; energy storage systems; health and environmental sciences; exploratory research and development funds; and work for others. A total of fifty eight programs are briefly presented. References, figures, and tables are included where appropriate with each program.

Not Available

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Computational Materials Science and Engineering Education: A ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

January 2009; Informatics and Integrated Computational Materials Engineering: Part II; March 2008; Materials Informatics Part I: A Diversity of Issues ...

154

Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations | National  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Materials Science - Presentations | National in Materials Science - Presentations | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Feature Bottom Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and

155

Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations | National  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

in Materials Science - Presentations | National in Materials Science - Presentations | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Feature Bottom Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and

156

June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 15, 2012 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) NERSC will present a three-hour training class focussed on Chemistry and Material Sciences applications on Tuesday, June 26, from 9:00 to 12:00 Pacific Time. The first hour of the training is targeted at beginners. We will show you how to get started running material science and chemistry application codes at NERSC. We will demonstrate how to use the preinstalled VASP and Gaussian applications at NERSC efficiently. In the second hour, we will discuss more advanced use cases, such as managing workflows, compiling optimized versions of custom material science and chemistry applications.

157

Center for Theoretical and Computational Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... an advanced code repository/wiki for collaboration and modern computational “lab-notebook” blogging tools (supported by the National Science ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

158

Materials Science and Engineering Onsite Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science and Engineering Onsite Research As the lead field center for the DOE Office of Fossil Energy's research and development program, the National Energy Technology Laboratory...

159

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Policies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

POLICIES User Access Policy - Version 1.1 General Policies and Procedures for User Access to the DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers Peer Review and Advisory Bodies Evaluation...

160

PNNL: Chemical & Materials Sciences - Fundamental & Computational...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Journal Cover Gallery CMSD Job Openings Links Seminar Series Frontiers in Geochemistry Frontiers in Catalysis Science and Engineering Frontiers in Chemical Physics &...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department, Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

People People Facilities Publications Presentations Organizational Chart Other Information Basic Energy Sciences Directorate BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? :: Next CMPMS Seminar There are no seminars scheduled at this time. Advanced Energy Materials Group We study both the microscopic and macroscopic properties of complex and nano-structured materials with a view to understanding and developing their application in different energy related technologies Group Leader: Qiang Li Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York 11973-5000 (631) 344-4490 qiangli@bnl.gov AEM group news: Current research topics include: Superconducting Materials Nano-scale Materials (S. Wong) Applied Superconductivity Thermoelectric Materials

162

Materials Sciences and Engineering Program | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and materials under extreme conditions; energy storage and energy conversion; and nano- and meso-scale materials and properties. Underpinning these four themes are four core...

163

DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The Mechanical Science Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of mechanical components and mechanical science. The handbook includes information on diesel engines, heat exchangers, pumps, valves, and miscellaneous mechanical components. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the construction and operation of mechanical components that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Chemical & Engineering Materials | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

165

Chemical and Engineering Materials | Neutron Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

166

Chemical & Engineering Materials | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Chemical and Engineering Materials SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in Chemical and Engineering Materials strives to understand the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasi-elastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported within Chemical and Engineering Materials include: The structure and dynamics of electrical energy storage materials

167

3D Materials Science 2014: Meeting Registration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Administrative & Policy Manual. Scroll up. Scroll down. Technical Divisions Home · TMS Committees Home · Electronic, Magnetic & Photonic Materials ...

168

Autonomous Research Systems for Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dictionary-based Diffraction Microscopy for Materials · Effective Extraction of Both Impurity Diffusion Coefficients and Interdiffusion Coefficients for Diffusivity ...

169

Algorithm Development in Computational Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrating Advanced Materials Simulation Techniques into an Automated Data Analysis Workflow at the Spallation Neutron Source · Intersecting Slip for ...

170

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FRM FRM For the Public Awards and Honors Highlights Publications U.S. Program Planning Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Program Manager Program Management ORNL Facilities Low Activation Materials Development and Analysis (LAMDA) Laboratory Irradiated Materials Examination & Testing (IMET) Facility Fracture Mechanics Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) (Research Reactors Division) HFIR Rabbit Irradiation Vehicles Accessing LAMDA Facility Our People Program Manager, Program Management, Facilities Find People ORNL Facilities Low Activation Materials Development and Analysis (LAMDA) Laboratory Irradiated Materials Examination & Testing (IMET) Facility Fracture Mechanics Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) (Research Reactors Division) HFIR Rabbit Irradiation Vehicles

171

Metallurgy:Metallurgical Science:Materials Science & Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(F&M) foundry image Foundry powdermetallurgy Powder Materials Processing (P&M) welding Welding & Joining (W&J) Jason Cooley Peering into previously inacessible realms by...

172

DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of the structure and properties of metals. This volume contains the following modules: thermal shock (thermal stress, pressurized thermal shock), brittle fracture (mechanism, minimum pressurization-temperature curves, heatup/cooldown rate limits), and plant materials (properties considered when selecting materials, fuel materials, cladding and reflectors, control materials, nuclear reactor core problems, plant material problems, atomic displacement due to irradiation, thermal and displacement spikes due to irradiation, neutron capture effect, radiation effects in organic compounds, reactor use of aluminum).

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

2004 research briefs :Materials and Process Sciences Center.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is the latest in a continuing series that highlights the recent technical accomplishments associated with the work being performed within the Materials and Process Sciences Center. Our research and development activities primarily address the materials-engineering needs of Sandia's Nuclear-Weapons (NW) program. In addition, we have significant efforts that support programs managed by the other laboratory business units. Our wide range of activities occurs within six thematic areas: Materials Aging and Reliability, Scientifically Engineered Materials, Materials Processing, Materials Characterization, Materials for Microsystems, and Materials Modeling and Simulation. We believe these highlights collectively demonstrate the importance that a strong materials-science base has on the ultimate success of the NW program and the overall DOE technology portfolio.

Cieslak, Michael J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Allison, M. L. Simpson, M. J. Doktycz, Surface Patterning of Silica Nanostructures using Bio-Inspired Templates and Directed Synthesis, Langmuir 20(20), 8431 (2004). B. L....

175

Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 2 | Sample Preparation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 Cynthia Patty | (650) 926-3925 Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 2 Inventory The BioChemMat Lab 2 (BCM 2) at SSRL is dedicated to researcher experiments, including...

176

Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 1 | Sample Preparation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 Cynthia Patty | (650) 926-3925 Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 1 Inventory The BioChemMat Lab 1 at SSRL is dedicated to researcher experiments, including x-ray...

177

EMSL: Science: Energy Materials and Processes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Materials & Processes Energy Materials & Processes Energy Materials logo TEM image In situ transmission electron microscopy at EMSL was used to study structural changes in the teamÂ’s new anode system. Real-time measurements show silicon nanoparticles inside carbon shells before (left) and after (right) lithiation. Energy Materials and Processes focuses on the dynamic transformation mechanisms and physical and chemical properties at critical interfaces in catalysts and energy materials needed to design new materials and systems for sustainable energy applications. By facilitating the development and rapid dissemination of critical molecular-level information along with predictive modeling of interfaces and their unique properties EMSL helps enable the design and development of practical, efficient, environmentally

178

Method for making mirrored surfaces comprising superconducting material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Superconducting mirror surfaces are provided by forming a mirror surface from a material which is superconductive at a temperature above about 40 K and adjusting the temperature of the surface to that temperature at which the material is superconducting. The mirror surfaces are essentially perfect reflectors for electromagnetic radiation with photon energy less than the superconducting band gap.

Early, J.T.; Hargrove, R.S.

1989-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

179

Computational Materials Science and Engineering in University ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cyber-Enabled Ab Initio Simulations in Nanohub.org: Simulation Tools and Learning Modules · Cyber-Enabled Materials Simulations Via Nanohub.org.

180

Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is focused on the Magneto Optical Imaging of magnetic field distribution in superconductors and magnetic materials. How to Contact Us Our Research Characterization...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Materials Science of Nuclear Waste Management II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 7, 2013 ... Challenges include the multi-phase nature of the materials, galvanic .... to quantify phase volume percentage and pore size distribution data to ...

182

Materials Science of Nuclear Waste Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intent is to provide a forum for researchers from national laboratories, universities, and nuclear industry to discuss current understanding of materials ...

183

Future Directions in 3D Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 12, 2012 ... The success of computational materials design in the 1990s established a basis for the DARPA-AIM initiative of the 2000s which broadened ...

184

Electronic Materials Science Challenges in Renewable Energy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work was supported in part by the U.S. Dept. of Energy through the NREL High- ... ...but electronic materials impact many more aspects of renewable energy ...

185

Materials Research Highlights | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scattering Study on the Dynamics of Poly(alkylene oxide)s" Contact: Christine Gerstl Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for...

186

Chemical and Materials Sciences Building | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building provides modern laboratory and office space for researchers studying and developing materials and chemical processes for energy-related technologies. The Chemical...

187

Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations ...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Presentations-Session 1 Modeling of Plutonium Ageing The Spectroscopic Signature of Aging in -Pu Modeling the Aging and Reliability of Solder Joints Polymer Material Thermal...

188

Oak Ridge Integrated Center for Radiation Materials Science & Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ORIC Home ORIC Home About ORIC Contacts Specialists Capabilities Irradiation Campaigns Nuclear Fuels Radiation Effects and Defect Modeling Structural Materials Dual Purpose Radiological Characterization Equipment Working with Us Related Links HFIR MSTD NSTD NNFD Comments Welcome to Oak Ridge Integrated Center for Radiation Materials Science & Technology The Oak Ridge National Laboratory ranks among the founding laboratories for the scientific field of radiation materials science. Since the creation of the laboratory, we have maintained strong ties to both the technology and scientific underpinning of nuclear materials research as evidenced by the experience and capabilities across our research divisions. The capabilities at ORNL enjoys include the highest neutron flux nuclear

189

Biomolecular Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Biomolecular Materials Biomolecular Materials Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Biomolecular Materials Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page This activity supports basic research in the discovery, design and synthesis of biomimetic and bioinspired functional materials and complex structures, and materials aspects of energy conversion processes based on principles and concepts of biology. The major program emphasis is the creation of robust, scalable, energy-relevant materials and systems with

190

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Science User Facilities Science User Facilities Search Go Home About Advisory Committee CNMS Fact Sheet CNMS Organizational Chart Research Themes Publications Journal Cover Gallery Research Highlights Related ORNL User Facilities User Program Becoming A User Acknowledgement Guidelines CNMS Capabilities Active Projects User Group Data Management Policy Working at CNMS Jobs ES&H Obtaining Entry Hours of Operation Local Information News & Events News Events CNMS User Newsletters People Contact Us Visit us on Wikipedia. Visit us on FaceBook. Visit us on YouTube. Upcoming Events and Latest News Call For Proposals - Next cycle is Spring 2014 Neutrons and Nano Workshops and User Meetings - TALKS Postdoctoral Opportunities CNMS Discovery Seminars Opening the Eye-Popping Possibilities of the Smallest Scales

191

Method for removing oil-based materials from water surface  

SciTech Connect

A method is described for removing oil-based materials floating on the surface of ballast water contained in the ballast tank of a cargo carrier having vertical steel surfaces. The method consists of adding to said surface a spreading agent having a spreading force greater than the oil-based material in an amount sufficient to force substantially all of the material against the surfaces. The ballast water is discharged from the tank at a point below the surface of the water, the oil-based material is forced to deposit on the steel surfaces vacated by the discharged water.

Shewmaker, J.E.

1981-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

192

Other Sponsors of the Forum Materials Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

nanoparticles with potential drug delivery applications. They also have formed metal balls within ceramic shells information: www.uiuc.edu/ Ads by Goooooogle Polymer Materials Find Premium Plastics For All Your Industry

Suslick, Kenneth S.

193

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Highlights Low-Temperature Exfoliation of Multilayer-Graphene Material from FeCl3 and CH3NO2 Co-Intercalated Graphite Compound Wujun Fu,a Jim Kiggans,b Steven H....

194

A survey of codes and algorithms used in NERSC material science allocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used in Material Science on NERSC machines. N_user is theand algorithms used in NERSC material science allocationsLin-Wang Wang NERSC System Architecture Team Lawrence

Wang, Lin-Wang

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIVISION March 1, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(20) B.L. MURPHY MATERIALS THEORY G.M. STOCKS* A.R. STRANGE* F.W. AVERILL (12) M. BAJDICH (3) K. YAMAMOTO NUCLEAR MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY R.K. NANSTAD B.J. WADDELL* J.H. BAEK (5) J.T. BUSBY (31 19 NUCLEAR AND RADIOLOGICAL PROTECTION DIVISION 20 TECHNICIAN INTERN PROGRAM 21 CENTER FOR NANOPHASE

196

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Connect with PJG Connect with PJG For the Public Awards & Honors R&D100 Awards R&D100 Award Posters For Researchers Profiles For Industry Research Thrust Areas Advanced Alloys Advanced Steels Amorphous Bulk Metallic Glasses Nano Crystalline Composites Ni-Based Alloys Ti Alloys Advanced Processing Additive Manufacturing Electronic Packaging Gelcasting Infrared/Photonic Processing Laser Interference Patterning Magnetic Field Processing Powder Metallurgy Pulse Thermal-Processing (PTP) Ceramics Ceramics Conventional Metals Processing Casting Extrusion Forging Lightweight Metals Aluminum Magnesium Titanium Modeling Materials Behavior Under Severe Environments Microstructure Modeling During Phase Transformations Process Modeling and Simulation: Energy Transport Sensors and Data Acquisition Techniques

197

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Summer Newsletter 2010 What's New @ CNMS Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) Small Angle X-ray Scattering (SAXS) is an analytical method to determine the structure of particle systems in terms of averaged particle sizes or shapes. The materials can be solid or liquid and they can contain solid, liquid or gaseous domains of the same or another material. The method is accurate, non-destructive and often requires only a minimum of sample preparation. The concentration ranges between 0.1 wt.% and 99.9 wt.%. The particle or structure sizes that can be resolved range from 1 to 50 nm in a typical set-up but can be extended to larger angles than between the typical 0.1° and 10° of SAXS, through simultaneous collection of Wide-Angle X-Ray Scattering (WAXS) data. The CNMS has recently added an

198

DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

This handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of the structure and properties of metals. This volume contains the two modules: structure of metals (bonding, common lattic types, grain structure/boundary, polymorphis, alloys, imperfections in metals) and properties of metals (stress, strain, Young modulus, stress-strain relation, physical properties, working of metals, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, tritium/material compatibility).

Not Available

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Advances in Materials Science for Environmental and Energy Technologies II  

SciTech Connect

The Materials Science and Technology 2012 Conference and Exhibition (MS&T'12) was held October 7-11, 2012, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. One of the major themes of the conference was Environmental and Energy Issues. Papers from five of the symposia held under that theme are invluded in this volume. These symposia included Materials Issues in Nuclear Waste Management for the 21st Century; Green Technologies for Materials Manufacturing and Processing IV; Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications; Energy Conversion-Photovoltaic, Concentraing Solar Power and Thermoelectric; and Materials Development for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments.

Matyas, Dr Josef [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Ohji, Tatsuki [Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Tec; Liu, Xingbo [West Virginia University, Morgantown; Paranthaman, Mariappan Parans [ORNL; Devanathan, Ram [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); Fox, Kevin [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL); Singh, Mrityunjay [NASA-Glenn Research Center, Cleveland; Wong-ng, Winnie [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PCM PCM For the Public Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Program Manager Staff Members Facilities Final Report on Economic Analysis of Deploying Used Batteries in Power Systems Document For Industry Research Catalysis by Design Zeolites Materials for Catalysis Photocatalytic C02 Our People Group Leader, Program Manager, Staff Members, Facilities Find People Programs Thin-Film Rechargeable Lithium, Lithium-Ion, and Li-Free Batteries Program Membrane Separations Research Program Related Programs ORNL Technologies Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive Recent Honors & Awards Award Archives Honors & Awards Achives | ORNL Spotlight Archives] Nancy Dudney, was recently elected as a Electrochemical Society Fellow in recognition of her scientific achievements and service to the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Materials Science and Technology Division - Physical Sciences Directorate -  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STG STG For the Public Publications Visiting ORNL For Researchers Profiles Group Leader Staff Members For Industry Sponsored Research Programs Our People Contacts by Group Leader, Staff Members Find People Related Cooperative Research and Development Agreement Work for Others Recent News & Features News Releases Archive | Features Archive PSD Directorate › MST Division › Scattering and Thermophysics Group The Scattering and Thermophysics Group aims to be a national leader in materials characterization using diffraction and thermophysical property measurement methods. The diffraction portion of the Group utilizes laboratory x-ray, synchrotron x-ray, and neutron diffraction facilties to solve problems from phase stability to residual stress and texture. The thermography and thermophysical properties of the Group has exceptional

202

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Macromolecular  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY (POLYMERS) NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY (POLYMERS) Polymer Synthesis The Macromolecular Nanomaterials laboratories include a wide range of polymer synthesis capabilities, with extensive fume hoods (including walk-in hoods for large scale apparatus) and glove boxes for handling sensitive materials. Polymerization Techniques Ionic Polymerizations: World-class expertise in the preparation of well-defined, narrow molecular distribution polymers and copolymers including complex polymer architectures (i.e. block, star, comb, graft and hyperbranched polymers) by anionic and cationic polymerizations. Controlled Radical Polymerization: Extensive expertise in free radical and controlled radical (ATRP, NMP, RAFT) polymerizations. Ring Opening Polymerization: Expertise in the controlled

203

Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nano-Structured Metals and Oxides. N-Implantation ... Nano-Scale Coatings for Surface Modification of Carbon Structures...........................................89. P.P. Joshi ...

204

Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department, Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science, Superconductivity & Energy News Materials Science, Superconductivity & Energy News This page displays news items tagged as "materials science," "superconductivity," and "energy." For a complete index of all topics, click here. Jon Rameau receives The Julian Baumert Thesis Award for his work carried out at NSLS. Htay Hlaing receives the 2010 Di Tian Award from the Department of Physics at Stony Brook University. Adrian Gozar receives one of sixty nine DOE Early Career Scientists awards selected from a pool of 1750 applicants. Enlisting Cells' Protein Recycling Machinery to Regulate Plant Products December 20, 2013 Scientists have developed a new set of molecular tools for controlling the production of plant compounds important for flavors, human health, and biofuels.

205

Training April 5 - Material Science and Chemistry Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 5 April 5 Training April 5 - Material Science and Chemistry Applications March 9, 2011 by Francesca Verdier Training on "Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications" will be held April 5, presented simultaneously on the web and at NERSC. See Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications. User Announcements Email announcement archive Subscribe via RSS Subscribe Browse by Date January 2014 December 2013 November 2013 October 2013 September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 December 2012 November 2012 October 2012 August 2012 June 2012 May 2012 April 2012 March 2012 February 2012 January 2012 December 2011 November 2011 October 2011 September 2011 August 2011 July 2011 June 2011 May 2011 April 2011 March 2011 February 2011

206

TANK FARM INTERIM SURFACE BARRIER MATERIALS AND RUNOFF ALTERNATIVES STUDY  

SciTech Connect

This report identifies candidate materials and concepts for interim surface barriers in the single-shell tank farms. An analysis of these materials for application to the TY tank farm is also provided.

HOLM MJ

2009-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

207

Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 1, 2004 ... Proceedings from the Global Innovations Symposium on Materials ... by the MPMD, provide description, insight, challenges, and projections for ...

208

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 PUBLICATIONS 9 PUBLICATIONS Links to individual papers are provided when available online. These links will take you to other web sites and will open in a new window. Subscription may be required to access online publications. Alonzo, J.; Mays, J. W.; Kilbey II, S. M., "Forces of Interaction Between Surfaces Bearing Looped Polymer Brushes in Good Solvent," Soft Matter 5 (9), 1897-1904 (2009). Arenholz, E.; van der Laan, G.; Yang, F.; Kemik, N.; Biegalski, M. D.; Christen, H. M.; Takamura, Y, "Magnetic Structure of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3/La0.7Sr0.3FeO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94 (7), 072503 (2009). Bai, X.; Sandukas, S.; Appleford, M. R.; Ong, J. L.; Rabiei, A., "Deposition and Investigation of Functionality Graded Calcium Phosphase Coatings in Titanium," Acta Biomater. 5, 3563-3572 (2009).

209

Nanoscience Images from the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

DOE's Nanoscale Science Research Centers to support the synthesis, processing, fabrication, and analysis of materials at the nanoscale are also National User Facilities. The Center for Nanophase Materials Science is currently one of five ceterns for interdisciplinary research at the nanoscale. These centers are laboratories for nanofabrication, may have one-of-a-kind signature instruments, including nanopatterning tools and research-grade probe microscopes. The images produced by nanoscience research and the technologies involved are beautiful and unique. This website makes available a very small collection but very high quality, public domain images

210

Soft x-ray spectromicroscopy development for materials science at the Advanced Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several third generation synchrotron radiation facilities are now operational and the high brightness of these photon sources offers new opportunities for x-ray microscopy. Well developed synchrotron radiation spectroscopy techniques are being applied in new instruments capable of imaging the surface of a material with a spatial resolution smaller than one micron. There are two aspects to this. One is to further the field of surface science by exploring the effects of spatial variations across a surface on a scale not previously accessible to x-ray measurements. The other is to open up new analytical techniques in materials science using x-rays, on a spatial scale comparable to that of the processes or devices to be studied. The development of the spectromicroscopy program at the Advanced Light Source will employ a variety of instruments, some are already operational. Their development and use will be discussed, and recent results will be presented to illustrate their capabilities.

Warwick, T.; Padmore, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Ade, H. [North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States); Hitchcock, A.P. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada); Rightor, E.G. [Dow Texas Polymer Center, Freeport, TX (United States); Tonner, B.P. [Univ. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University J . Burton, Exxon Research s Engineering Co. W.of surfaces J. Burton, Exxon Research and Engineering Co.Laboratory J. Burton Exxon Res. & Engr. Co. J. Houston

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

REPORT OF THE SURFACE SCIENCE WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

layers on metals in molten salts, (c) studies of the factorson electrolyte surfaces in molten salts. Problem; to developproperties of oxides in molten salts (including NaA102 in

Somorjai, G.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Bespoke Materials Surfaces Advanced Materials for Fireside Fossil Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the temperatures and pressures at which components in coal-fired boilers operate are increased, the materials capable of causing deposition of corrosive salts or erosion. In the furnace zone of coal-fired boilers conductivity, and that are tailored for easy application to the waterwall tubes of coal-fired boilers

214

A. A. Abrikosov Materials Science Division Argonne National Moratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Developments in the Theory of HTSC Developments in the Theory of HTSC A. A. Abrikosov Materials Science Division Argonne National Moratory Argonne, IL 60439 Distribution: 1-2. M. J. Masek 3. B. D. Dunlap 4. G. W. Crabtree 5 . A. A. Abrikosov 6 - Editorial Office 7. Authors September, 1994 This work is supported by the Division of Materials Sciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences of DOE, under contract No. W-31- 109-ENG-38, DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or as sun^^ any legal liabili- ty or responsibility for the accuracy, completenes, or usefulness of any information, appa-

215

Land Surface Reflectance: A Possible Earth Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are in magenta, water bodies are outlined in white. MODIS Surface Reflectance South Africa From: E. Vermote, UMD correction (low, medium, high) ­ cloud and cloud shadow ­ snow flag ­ land/water flag · Supplemental information ­ Viewing geometry (view and solar zenith and azimuth angles) ­ Geolocation (lat

216

The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) | U.S.  

Office of Science (SC) Website

The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, provides support for Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) projects through the Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics & Theoretical

217

Basic science research to support the nuclear material focus area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE'S) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Boak, J. M. (Jeremy M.); Eller, P. Gary; Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Basic Science Research to Support the Nuclear Materials Focus Area  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Environmental Management (EM) is responsible for managing more than 760,000 metric tons of nuclear material that is excess to the current DOE weapons program, as a result of shutdown of elements of the weapons program, mainly during the 1990s. EMowned excess nuclear material comprises a variety of material types, including uranium, plutonium, other actinides and other radioactive elements in numerous forms, all of which must be stabilized for storage and ultimate disposition. Much of this quantity has been in storage for many years. Shutdown of DOE sites and facilities requires removal of nuclear material and consolidation at other sites, and may be delayed by the lack of available technology. Within EM, the Office of Science and Technology (OST) is dedicated to providing timely, relevant technology to accelerate completion and reduce cleanup cost of the DOE environmental legacy. OST is organized around five focus areas, addressing crucial areas of end-user-defined technology need. The Focus Areas regularly identify potential technical solutions for which basic scientific research is needed to determine if the technical solution can be developed and deployed. To achieve a portfolio of projects that is balanced between near-term priorities driven by programmatic risks (such as site closure milestones) and long-term, high-consequence needs that depend on extensive research and development, OST has established the Environmental Management Science Program (EMSP) to develop the scientific basis for solutions to long-term site needs. The EMSP directs calls for proposals to address scientific needs of the focus areas. Needs are identified and validated annually by individual sites in workshops conducted across the complex. The process captures scope and schedule requirements of the sites, so that focus areas can identify technology that can be delivered to sites in time to complete site cleanup. The Nuclear Material Focus Area (NMFA) has identified over two hundred science and technology needs, of which more than thirty are science needs.

Chipman, N. A.; Castle, P. M.; Boak, J. M.; Eller, P. G.

2002-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

219

Chemistry and Materials Science Directorate 2005 Annual Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1952, we began laboratory operations in the barracks building of the Naval Air Station with approximately 50 employees. Today, the Chemistry and Materials Science (CMS) Directorate is a major organization at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory with more than 500 employees who continue to contribute to our evolving national security mission. For more than half a century, the mission of the Laboratory revolved primarily around nuclear deterrence and associated defense technologies. Today, Livermore supports a broad-based national security mission, and our specialized capabilities increasingly support emerging missions in human health and energy security. In the future, CMS will play a significantly expanded role in science and technology at the intersection of national security, energy and environment, and health. Our world-class workforce will provide the science and technology base for radically innovative materials to our programs and sponsors. Our 2005 Annual Report describes how our successes and breakthroughs follow a path set forward by our strategic plan and four organizing research themes, each with key scientific accomplishments by our staff and collaborators. Organized into two major sections-research themes and dynamic teams, this report focuses on achievements arising from earlier investments that address future challenges. The research presented in this annual report gives substantive examples of how we are proceeding in each of these four theme areas and how they are aligned with our national security mission. Research Themes: (1) Materials Properties and Performance under Extreme Conditions--We are developing ultrahard nanocrystalline metals, exploring the properties of nanotubes when exposed to very high temperatures, and engineering stronger materials to meet future needs for materials that can withstand extreme conditions. (2) Chemistry under Extreme Conditions and Chemical Engineering to Support National-Security Programs--Our recent discovery of a new source of coherent light adds a new tool to an array of methods we use to more fully understand the properties of materials. Insights into the early stages of polymer crystallization may lead to new materials for our national-security mission and private industry. (3) Science Supporting National Objectives at the Intersection of Chemistry, Materials Science, and Biology--We are improving drug binding for cancer treatment through the use of new tools that are helping us characterize protein-antibody interactions. By probing proteins and nucleic acids, we may gain an understanding of Alzheimer's, Mad Cow, and other neurodegenerative diseases. (4) Applied Nuclear Science for Human Health and National Security--Our work with cyanobacteria is leading to a fuller understanding of how these microorganisms affect the global carbon cycle. We are also developing new ways to reduce nuclear threats with better radiation detectors. Dynamic Teams: The dynamic teams section illustrates the directorate's organizational structure that supports a team environment across disciplinary and institutional boundaries. Our three divisions maintain a close relationship with Laboratory programs, working with directorate and program leaders to ensure an effective response to programmatic needs. CMS's divisions are responsible for line management and leadership, and together, provide us with the flexibility and agility to respond to change and meet program milestones. The three divisions are: Materials Science and Technology Division; Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Division; and Chemical Biology and Nuclear Science Division. By maintaining an organizational structure that offers an environment of collaborative problem-solving opportunities, we are able to nurture the discoveries and breakthroughs required for future successes. The dynamic teams section also presents the work of CMS's postdoctoral fellows, who bring to the Laboratory many of the most recent advances taking place in academic departments and provide a research stimulus to established research teams. Postdo

Diaz De La Rubia, T; Fluss, M J; Rath, K; Rennie, G; Shang, S; Kitrinos, G

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

220

Molecular surface science of heterogeneous catalysis. History and perspective  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A personal account is given of how the author became involved with modern surface science and how it was employed for studies of the chemistry of surfaces and heterogeneous catalysis. New techniques were developed for studying the properties of the surface monolayers: Auger electron spectroscopy, LEED, XPS, molecular beam surface scattering, etc. An apparatus was developed and used to study hydrocarbon conversion reactions on Pt, CO hydrogenation on Rh and Fe, and NH/sub 3/ synthesis on Fe. A model has been developed for the working Pt reforming catalyst. The three molecular ingredients that control catalytic properties are atomic surface structure, an active carbonaceous deposit, and the proper oxidation state of surface atoms. 40 references, 21 figures. (DLC)

Somorjai, G.A.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

A molecular surface science study of the structure of adsorbates on surfaces: Importance to lubrication  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The interaction and bonding of atoms and molecules on metal surfaces is explored under ultra-high vacuum conditions using a variety of surface science techniques: high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), work function measurements, and second harmonic generation (SHG). 164 refs., 51 figs., 3 tabs.

Mate, C.M.

1986-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Design and fabrication of heat transfer surfaces from superplastic material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production of complex heat transfer surfaces (i.e., those without straight fins) is restricted by available fabrication techniques, materials, geometries, and cost. Based on the superplastic sheet thermoforming process, a new technique for fabricating ...

J. B. Randolph; F. K. King

1972-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Chemistry and Materials Science, 1990--1991. [Second annual report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This 2-year (FY 1990-91) contains 49 technical articles in ten sections: research sampler, metals and alloys, energetic materials, chemistry and physics of advanced materials, bonding and reactions at surfaces and interfaces, superconductivity, energy R and D, waste processing and management, characterization and analysis, and facilities and instrumentation. Two more sections list department personnel, their publications etc., consultants, and summary of department budgets. The articles are processed separately for the data base. (DLC)

Sugihara, T.T.; Bruner, J.M.; McElroy, L.A. [eds.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

224

Living in a Materials World: Materials Science Engineering Professional Development for K-12 Educators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in materials science are fundamental to technological developments and have broad societal impacs. For example, a cellular phone is composed of a polymer case, liquid crystal displays, LEDs, silicon chips, Ni-Cd batteries, resistors, capacitors, speakers, microphones all of which have required advances in materials science to be compacted into a phone which is typically smaller than a deck of cards. Like many technological developments, cellular phones have become a ubiquitous part of society, and yet most people know little about the materials science associated with their manufacture. The probable condition of constrained knowledge of materials science was the motivation for developing and offering a 20 hour fourday course called 'Living in a Materials World.' In addition, materials science provides a connection between our every day experiences and the work of scientists and engineers. The course was offered as part of a larger K-12 teacher professional development project and was a component of a week-long summer institute designed specifically for upper elementary and middle school teachers which included 20 hour content strands, and 12 hours of plenary sessions, planning, and collaborative sharing. The focus of the institute was on enhancing teacher content knowledge in STEM, their capacity for teaching using inquiry, their comfort and positive attitudes toward teaching STEM, their knowledge of how people learn, and strategies for integrating STEM throughout the curriculum. In addition to the summer institute the participating teachers were provided with a kit of about $300 worth of materials and equipment to use to implement the content they learned in their classrooms. As part of this professional development project the participants were required to design and implement 5 lesson plans with their students this fall and report on the results, as part of the continuing education course associated with the project. 'Living in a Materials World' was one of the fifteen content strands offered at the institute. The summer institute participants were pre/post tested on their comfort with STEM, their perceptions of STEM education, their pedagogical discontentment, their implementations of inquiry, their attitudes toward student learning of STEM, and their content knowledge associated with their specific content strand. The results from our research indicate a significant increase in content knowledge (t = 11.36, p < .01) for the Living in a Materials World strand participants. Overall the summer institute participants were found to have significant increases in their comfort levels for teaching STEM (t = 10.94, p < .01), in inquiry implementation (t = 5.72, p < .01) and efficacy for teaching STEM (t = 6.27, p < .01) and significant decrease in pedagogical discontentment (t = -6.26, p < .01).

Anne Seifert; Louis Nadelson

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Grafted Polystyrene in Dilute Solutions: Effect of the Backbone Length Gang Cheng,1 Yuri B. Melnichenko,1 George D. Wignall,1 Fengjun Hua,2 Kunlun Hong,2 and Jimmy W. Mays2 1Neutron Scattering Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement: The cooperative interactions among functional segments of biopolymers have led to attempts to create novel synthetic polymers, which are environmentally responsive to various stimuli, such as temperature or pH, in a controlled manner. Understanding the nanoscale conformational changes and phase behavior upon exposure of these polymers to external stimuli is

226

Soft Matter Group, Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Information (pdf) Research Information (pdf) Publications Seminars Journal Club Staff Information Other Information Basic Energy Sciences Directorate Related Sites BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? Soft Matter Group Confinement and Template Directed Assembly in Chemical and Biomolecular Materials We use synchrotron x-ray scattering, scanning probe and optical microscopy techniques to study fundamental properties of complex fluids, simple liquids, macromolecular assemblies, polymers, and biomolecular materials under confinement and on templates. The challenges are: To understand liquids under nano-confinement. How templates and confinement can be used to direct the assembly. To understand the fundamental interactions which give rise to similar self-assembly behavior for a wide variety of systems.

227

Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department (PM)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department (PM) Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department (PM) Last modified 12/7/2012 LastName First MI Bldg Room Ext1 Ext2 Fax E-mail ABEYKOON MILINDA 510B 1-21 2915 3827 2739 aabeykoon@bnl.gov AKHANJEE SHIMUL 510A 2-6 5089 3995 2918 sakhanjee@bnl.gov ARONSON MEIGAN 703 2A 4915 7090 4071 maronson@bnl.gov BERLIJN TOM COS 3995 3995 tberlijn@bnl.gov BILLINGE SIMON 510B 1-29 5661 3827 2739 sb2896@columbia.edu BLUME MARTIN 510A 1-6 3735 3995 2739 blume@bnl.gov BOLLINGER ANTHONY 480 139 2601 7090 4071 abolling@bnl.gov BOZIN EMIL 510B 1-26 4963 3827 2739 bozin@bnl.gov BOZOVIC IVAN 480 126 4973 7090 4071 bozovic@bnl.gov CHECCO ANTONIO 510B 1-20 3319 3827 2739 checco@bnl.gov CHOU CHUNG-PIN 510A 2-12 3784 3995 2918 cpchou@bnl.gov DAI YAOMIN 510B 1-18 3788 3827 2739 ymdai@bnl.gov DAVIS SEAMUS 480 3827 4071 jcdavis@ccmr.cornell.edu and/or sdavis@bnl.gov DEAN

228

Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, first half FY 1992. Weapons-Supporting Research and Laboratory Directed Research and Development  

SciTech Connect

This report contains sections on: Fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals; interfaces, adhesion, and bonding; energetic materials; plutonium research; synchrotron radiation-based materials science; atomistic approach to the interaction of surfaces with the environment: actinide studies; properties of carbon fibers; buried layer formation using ion implantation; active coherent control of chemical reaction dynamics; inorganic and organic aerogels; synthesis and characterization of melamine-formaldehyde aerogels; structural transformation and precursor phenomena in advanced materials; magnetic ultrathin films, surfaces, and overlayers; ductile-phase toughening of refractory-metal intermetallics; particle-solid interactions; electronic structure evolution of metal clusters; and nanoscale lithography induced chemically or physically by modified scanned probe microscopy.

Not Available

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List | U.S. DOE Office  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Materials List Materials List National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About High School Middle School Middle School Students Middle School Coaches Middle School Regionals Middle School Rules, Forms, and Resources Academic Question Resources Make Your Own National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Schematic Sample Questions Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov Make Your Own National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List

230

National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List | U.S. DOE Office  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Materials List Materials List National Science Bowl® (NSB) NSB Home About High School High School Students High School Coaches High School Regionals High School Rules, Forms, and Resources Make Your Own National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Schematic Sample Questions Middle School Attending National Event Volunteers 2013 Competition Results News Media WDTS Home Contact Information National Science Bowl® U.S. Department of Energy SC-27/ Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: 202-586-6702 E: National.Science.Bowl@science.doe.gov Make Your Own National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer National Science Bowl® Competition Buzzer Materials List Print

231

Non-principal surface waves in deformed incompressible materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Stroh formalism is applied to the analysis of infinitesimal surface wave propagation in a statically, finitely and homogeneously deformed isotropic half-space. The free surface is assumed to coincide with one of the principal planes of the primary strain, but a propagating surface wave is not restricted to a principal direction. A variant of Taziev's technique [Sov. Phys. Acoust. 35 (1989) 535] is used to obtain an explicit expression of the secular equation for the surface wave speed, which possesses no restrictions on the form of the strain energy function. Albeit powerful, this method does not produce a unique solution and additional checks are necessary. However, a class of materials is presented for which an exact secular equation for the surface wave speed can be formulated. This class includes the well-known Mooney-Rivlin model. The main results are illustrated with several numerical examples.

Michel Destrade; Melanie Ottenio; Alexey V. Pichugin; Graham A. Rogerson

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

232

Using Surface Science to Probe Critical Interfaces in Organic and Hybrid Systems (PReSS Talk)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This talk will address several uses of surface science for understanding critical interfaces in energy-related devices and for materials characterization. Primary emphasis will be on photoelectron spectroscopy applied to understanding interfaces in organic photovoltaics (OPV). In organic photovoltaics, where solar-to-electric conversion efficiencies are typically low, interfacial phenomena dictate the performance of the solar cell. It is therefore important to understand the interfacial chemistry and energy level alignment at these interfaces to better optimize them for increased PV performance. UV-photoelectron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS/XPS) are ideally suited to examine these interfaces. Several examples of interfacial energy level alignments will be discussed. More general applications of surface science will also be discussed including work from a collaborative effort at the National Synchrotron Light Source where NEXAFS, imaging NEXAFS, and variable energy XPS have been used for a variety of applications.

Brumback, Michael T.

2010-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

233

Thin Films Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thin Films Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University Lu Yan, K.R. Balasubramaniam, Shanling Wang, Hui Du, and Paul Salvador Funded b y: U.S. D epartment o f E nergy, S olid S tate E nergy C onversion A lliance ( SECA) Introduction The oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) takes place in the solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathode and the overall reaction is rather complex; it involves a variety of sub-reactions, such as surface adsorption, dissociation, election transfer, incorporation, and bulk diffusion. Although a considerable amount of effort has been expended in correlating processing / microstructural features to cathode performance, there is unfortunately relatively little known about the fundamental surface properties of oxide surfaces and their relation

234

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transient-Mediated fate determination in a transcriptional circuit of HIV Transient-Mediated fate determination in a transcriptional circuit of HIV Leor S. Weinberger (University of California, San Diego), Roy D. Dar (University of Tennessee), and Michael L. Simpson (Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Achievement One of the greatest challenges in the characterization of complex nanoscale systems is gaining a mechanistic understanding of underlying processes that cannot be directly imaged. Recent research at the CNMS1 explored a novel technique of discovering the details of these interactions through the measurement of the structure of stochastic fluctuations that occur in neighboring nanoscale system components that can be directly imaged. In this work [Nature Genetics, 40(4), 466-470 (2008)], in collaboration with a

235

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Understanding Metal-Directed Growth of Single-Crystal M-TCNQF4 Organic Understanding Metal-Directed Growth of Single-Crystal M-TCNQF4 Organic Nanowires K. Xiao, M. Yoon, A. J. Rondinone, E. A. Payzant, and D. B. Geohegan Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement Combined experimental and theoretical studies revealed the nucleation and growth mechanisms of M-TCNQF4 crystalline organic nanowires grown on different metals by vapor-solid chemical reaction (VSCR). Real-time x-ray diffraction was used to measure the growth kinetics of the nanowires, and a modified Avrami model of the data showed that growth proceeds via a 1D ion diffusion-controlled reaction at their tips. First principles atomistic calculations were used to understand how charge transfer interactions govern the reactivity of different metals in the growth process through the

236

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CNMS USER RESEARCH CNMS USER RESEARCH Fluctuations and Correlations in Physical and Biological Nanosystems Michael L. Simpson and Peter T. Cummings Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory When components at one level (atoms, molecules, nanostructures, etc) are coupled together to form higher-level - mesoscale - structures, new collective phenomena emerge. Optimizing such systems requires embracing stochastic fluctuations in a manner similar to that found in nature. E.g., homeostasis - regulation of a cell's internal environment to maintain stability and function at the mesoscale (i.e., cell) in the face of an unpredictable environment - is maintained even though there is considerable noise at the nanoscale (protein, RNA, molecular motor). A recent ACS Nano

237

Material Sciences Material Sciences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is adversely affected by the emer- gence of drug-resistant HIV-1 variants. Thus, it is important to understand the atomic-level origin of the drug resistance and to use that knowledge in the design of improved NNRTIs

238

Advances in materials science, metals and ceramics division. Triannual progress report, June-September 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Information is presented concerning the magnetic fusion energy program; the laser fusion energy program; geothermal research; nuclear waste management; Office of Basic Energy Sciences (OBES) research; diffusion in silicate minerals; chemistry research resources; and chemistry and materials science research.

Truhan, J.J.; Hopper, R.W.; Gordon, K.M. (eds.)

1980-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

239

Advances in materials science, Metals and Ceramics Division. Triannual progress report, February-May 1980  

SciTech Connect

Research is reported in the magnetic fusion energy and laser fusion energy programs, aluminium-air battery and vehicle research, geothermal research, nuclear waste management, basic energy science, and chemistry and materials science. (FS)

Truhan, J.J.; Gordon, K.M. (eds.)

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

DOE A9024 Final Report Functional and Nanoscale Materials Systems: Frontier Programs of Science at the Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

The scientific programs of the FSMRL supported under the DOE A9024 Grant consisted of four interdisciplinary research clusters, as described. The clusters were led by Professors Tai Chiang (Physics), Jeffrey Moore (Chemistry), Paul Goldbart (Physics), and Steven Granick (Materials Science and Engineering). The completed work followed a dominant theme--Nanoscale Materials Systems--and emphasized studies of complex phenomena involving surfaces, interfaces, complex materials, dynamics, energetics, and structures and their transformations. A summary of our key accomplishments is provided for each cluster.

Lewis, Jennifer A.

2009-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Method for large-scale fabrication of atomic-scale structures on material surfaces using surface vacancies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for forming atomic-scale structures on a surface of a substrate on a large-scale includes creating a predetermined amount of surface vacancies on the surface of the substrate by removing an amount of atoms on the surface of the material corresponding to the predetermined amount of the surface vacancies. Once the surface vacancies have been created, atoms of a desired structure material are deposited on the surface of the substrate to enable the surface vacancies and the atoms of the structure material to interact. The interaction causes the atoms of the structure material to form the atomic-scale structures.

Lim, Chong Wee (Urbana, IL); Ohmori, Kenji (Urbana, IL); Petrov, Ivan Georgiev (Champaign, IL); Greene, Joseph E. (Champaign, IL)

2004-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

242

Microsoft Word - Poster Abstract_2010_CMU_High Surface Area Materials.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1th Annual SECA Workshop Poster Abstract 1th Annual SECA Workshop Poster Abstract Topic: High Surface Area, Mesoporous (La, Sr)MnO 3 For Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes Robin Chao, Graduate Student in Carnegie Mellon University 5700 Bunkerhill St. Apt 705, Pittsburgh, PA 15206 USA, hchao@andrew.cmu.edu, 412-260-5687 Dr. John Kitchin, Professor of Chemical Engineering in Carnegie Mellon University 5000 Forbes Ave, Pittsburgh PA, 15213, jkitchin@andrew.cmu.edu, 412-268-7803 Dr. Paul Salvador, Professor of Material Science and Engineering in Carnegie Mellon University 149 Roberts Eng Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, paul7@andrew.cmu.edu, 412-268-2702 Abstract: The efficiency of the solid oxide fuel cell is limited by the cathode polarizations. One essential approach is to include high-surface-area cathode materials into the fabrication. However, conventional synthesis methods to

243

Materials Science Dominates R&D 100 Awards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 16, 2010... Technologies,” “Electric Devices,” “Energy Technologies,” “Imaging Technologies,” “Lasers and Photonics,” “Process Sciences,” “Safety and ...

244

Advances in materials science, Metals and Ceramics Division. Triannual progress report, October 1979-January 1980  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is summarized concerning magnetic fusion energy materials, laser fusion energy, aluminium-air battery and vehicle, geothermal research, oil-shale research, nuclear waste management, office of basic energy sciences research, and materials research notes. (FS)

Not Available

1980-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

245

Electrocatalysis: A Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell and Surface Science Perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, we discuss some of the advances in surface science and theory that have enabled a more detailed understanding of the mechanisms that govern the electrocatalysis. More specifically, we examine in detail the electrooxidation of C-1 and C-2 alcohol molecules in both acidic and basic media. A combination of detailed in situ spectroscopic measurements along with density functional theory calculations have helped to establish the mechanisms that control the reaction paths and the influence of acidic and alkaline media. We discuss some of the synergies and differences between electrocatalysis and aqueous phase heterogeneous catalysis. Such analyses begin to establish a common language and framework by which to compare as well as advance both fields. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Braunchweig, B [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Hibbitts, David D [ORNL; Neurock, Matthew [University of Virginia; Wieckowski, A. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Electrocatalysis: A direct alcohol fuel cell and surface science perspective  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this report, we discuss some of the advances in surface science and theory that have ena bled a more detailed understanding of the mechanisms that govern the electrocatalysis.More specifically, we examine in detail the electrooxidation ofC1 and Cz alcohol molecules in both acidic and basic media. A combination of detailed in situ spectroscopic measurements along with density functional theory calculations have helped to establish the mechanisms that control the reaction paths and the innuence of acidic and alkaline media. We discuss some of the synergies and differences between electrocatalysis and aqueous phase heterogeneous catalysis.Such analyses begin to establish a common language and framework by which to compare as well as advance both fields.

Braunchweig, B [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Neurock, Matthew [University of Virginia; Wieckowski, A. [University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign; Hibbitts, David D [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Ambient pressure photoelectron spectroscopy: a new tool for surface science and nanotechnology  

SciTech Connect

Progress in science often follows or parallels the development of new techniques. The optical microscope helped convert medicine and biology from a speculative activity in old times to today's sophisticated scientific disciplines. The telescope changed the study and interpretation of heavens from mythology to science. X-ray diffraction enabled the flourishing of solid state physics and materials science. The technique object of this review, Ambient Pressure Photoelectron Spectroscopy or APPES for short, has also the potential of producing dramatic changes in the study of liquid and solid surfaces, particularly in areas such as atmospheric, environment and catalysis sciences. APPES adds an important missing element to the host of techniques that give fundamental information, i.e., spectroscopy and microscopy, about surfaces in the presence of gases and vapors, as encountered in industrial catalysis and atmospheric environments. APPES brings electron spectroscopy into the realm of techniques that can be used in practical environments. Decades of surface science in ultra high vacuum (UHV) has shown the power of electron spectroscopy in its various manifestations. Their unique property is the extremely short elastic mean free path of electrons as they travel through condensed matter, of the order of a few atomic distances in the energy range from a few eV to a few thousand eV. As a consequence of this the information obtained by analyzing electrons emitted or scattered from a surface refers to the top first few atomic layers, which is what surface science is all about. Low energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS), and other such techniques have been used for decades and provided some of the most fundamental knowledge about surface crystallography, composition and electronic structure available today. Unfortunately the high interaction cross section of electrons with matter also prevents them from traveling long distances unscattered in gas environments. Above the millibar pressure range this distance is reduced to less that a millimeter, effectively preventing its use in the most relevant environments, usually between millibars and atmospheric pressures. There is therefore a large gap of several orders of magnitude where information about surfaces is scarce because these powerful electron spectroscopies cannot operate. One characteristic of surfaces in ambient pressure environments is that they are covered by dense layers of molecules, even when their binding energy is weak. Water for example is known to form layers several molecules thick at room temperature in humid environments. Metals readily form oxide films several layers thick in oxygen atmospheres. Dense layers of adsorbed molecules can also be produced in ultra high vacuum, often by the simple and expedient method of cooling the sample to cryogenic temperatures. A large amount of data has been obtained in the past in UHV by surface scientists using this method. While this has provided valuable information it begs the question of whether the structures formed in this manner represent equilibrium structures or metastable ones, kinetically trapped due to high activation energies that cannot be overcome at low temperature. From a thermodynamic point of view is interesting to consider the entropic contribution to the Gibbs free energy, which we can call 'the pressure factor', equal to kT.logP. This factor amounts to a sizeable 0.3 eV difference at room temperature between UHV (<10{sup -8} Pascal) and atmospheric pressures. Such change if free energy can definitely result in changes in surface structure and stability. Entire areas of the phase diagram are out of reach due to the pressure gap. Even when cooling is not necessary, many surface treatments and most chemical reactions necessitate the presence of gases at pressures ranging from millibar to bars. What is the structure and chemical nature of the species formed on the surface in equilibrium with suc

Salmeron, Miquel; Salmeron, Miquel; Schlogl, Robert

2008-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

248

Z .Materials Science and Engineering C 7 2000 149160 www.elsevier.comrlocatermsec  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Mind, and Beha�ior, Department of Biological Sciences, Bowling Green State Uni�ersity, Bowling GreenZ .Materials Science and Engineering C 7 2000 149­160 www.elsevier.comrlocatermsec An electrical fluctuations to which a single cell will respond. q 2000 Elsevier Science S.A. All rights reserved. Keywords

Moore, Paul A.

249

CRC materials science and engineering handbook. Third edition  

SciTech Connect

This definitive reference is organized in an easy-to-follow format based on materials properties. It features new and existing data verified through major professional societies in the materials fields, such as ASM International and the American Ceramic Society. The third edition has been significantly expanded, most notably by the addition of new tabular material for a wide range of nonferrous alloys and various materials. The contents include: Structure of materials; Composition of materials; Phase diagram sources; Thermodynamic and kinetic data; Thermal properties of materials; Mechanical properties of materials; Electrical properties of materials; Optical properties of materials; Chemical properties of materials.

Shackelford, J.F.; Alexander, W. (eds.)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Opportunities for Multimodal CARS Microscopy in Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Optical and X-ray Imaging Techniques for Material Characterization. Presentation Title, Opportunities for Multimodal CARS Microscopy in Materials ...

251

Comparison of glass surfaces as a countertop material to existing surfaces  

SciTech Connect

Gleen Glass, a small production glass company that creates countertops, was selected for the Technology Assistance Program through Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Gleen Glass was seeking material property analysis comparing glass as a countertop material to current surfaces (i.e. marble, granite and engineered stone). With samples provided from Gleen Glass, testing was done on granite, marble, and 3 different glass surfaces ('Journey,' 'Pebble,' and 'Gleen'). Results showed the glass surfaces have a lower density, lower water absorption, and are stronger in compressive and flexural tests as compared to granite and marble. Thermal shock tests showed the glass failed when objects with a high thermal mass are placed directly on them, whereas marble and granite did not fracture under these conditions.

Turo, Laura A.; Winschell, Abigail E.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Method for producing high surface area chromia materials for catalysis  

SciTech Connect

Nanostructured chromium(III)-oxide-based materials using sol-gel processing and a synthetic route for producing such materials are disclosed herein. Monolithic aerogels and xerogels having surface areas between 150 m.sup.2/g and 520 m.sup.2/g have been produced. The synthetic method employs the use of stable and inexpensive hydrated-chromium(III) inorganic salts and common solvents such as water, ethanol, methanol, 1-propanol, t-butanol, 2-ethoxy ethanol, and ethylene glycol, DMSO, and dimethyl formamide. The synthesis involves the dissolution of the metal salt in a solvent followed by an addition of a proton scavenger, such as an epoxide, which induces gel formation in a timely manner. Both critical point (supercritical extraction) and atmospheric (low temperature evaporation) drying may be employed to produce monolithic aerogels and xerogels, respectively.

Gash, Alexander E. (Brentwood, CA); Satcher, Joe (Patterson, CA); Tillotson, Thomas (Tracy, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence (Pleasanton, CA); Simpson, Randall (Livermore, CA)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Center for Materials Science, Los Alamos National Laboratory. Status report, October 1, 1990--September 30, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the progress of the Center for Materials Science (CMS) from October 1, 1990 to September 30, 1991, and is the nineth such annual report. It has been a year of remarkable progress in building the programs of the Center. The extent of this progress is described in detail. The CMS was established to enhance the contribution of materials science and technology to the Laboratory`s defense, energy and scientific missions, and the Laboratory. In carrying out these responsibilities it has accepted four demanding missions: (1) Build a core group of highly rated, established materials scientists and solid state physicists. (2) Promote and support top quality, interdisciplinary materials research programs at Los Alamos. (3) Strengthen the interactions of materials science and Los Alamos with the external materials science community. and (4) Establish and maintain modern materials research facilities in a readily accessible, central location.

Parkin, D.M.; Boring, A.M. [comps.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Conference on Advances In Materials Science - 2009, Prague, Czech...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Czech Republic Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing Institutional Research...

255

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Discovery...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Neutron Science, Institute for Complex Systems, Germany - March 22,2013 CNMS and SNS Research Forum Annabella Selloni, Princeton University - March 5, 2013 Alexandre...

256

3-D Materials Science using Polychromatic Synchrotron X-Ray ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... beamline with submicron spatial resolution at the Advanced Photon Source. ... Sciences and Engineering Division; UNI-XOR support at APS by DOE-BES.

257

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Ryckman, Marco Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, and S. M. Weiss Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee...

258

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

D. Ryckman, Marco Liscidini, J. E. Sipe, and S. M. Weiss Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee...

259

Surface waves in a stretched and sheared incompressible elastic material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we analyze the effect of a combined pure homogeneous strain and simple shear in a principal plane of the latter on the propagation of surface waves for an incompressible isotropic elastic half-space whose boundary is normal to the glide planes of the shear. This generalizes previous work in which, separately, pure homogeneous strain and simple shear were considered. For a special class of materials the secular equation is obtained in explicit form and then specialized to recover results obtained previously for the two cases mentioned above. A method for obtaining the secular equation for a general form of strain-energy function is then outlined. In general this is very lengthy and the result is not listed, but, for the case in which there is no normal stress on the half-space boundary, the result is given, for illustration, in respect of the so-called generalized Varga material. Numerical results are given to show how the surface wave speed depends on both the underlying pure homogeneous strain and the superimposed simple shear. Further numerical results are provided for the Gent model of limiting chain extensibility.

Michel Destrade; Ray W. Ogden

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

260

Sandia National Labs: Materials Science and Engineering Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and predictability. Materials Aging and Reliability: We develop the understanding of chemical and physical mechanisms that cause materials properties to change. The primary...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kobe, Jozef Stefan Institut, Rare Earth Magnets in Europe Kazuhiro Hono, Magnetic Materials Center Managing Director, NIMS, Research Trends on Rare Earth Materials in Japan...

262

Sandia National Labs: Materials Science and Engineering Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and materials interfaces used in the nonnuclear portion of weapons, Sandia has used a risk-management approach to identify those materials and interfaces that must be...

263

Materials Science & Technology 2005 (MS&T'05)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 25, 2005... Materials and Life Management Issues; Materials for the Hydrogen Economy; Modeling and Simulation of Titanium Technology: Theory and ...

264

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

narrow gap materials including some superconductors, heavy-Fermion compounds, and many thermoelectric materials. Our results demonstrate the importance of including these...

265

Implementation of solar-reflective surfaces: Materials and utility programs  

SciTech Connect

This report focuses on implementation issues for using solar-reflective surfaces to cool urban heat islands, with specific examples for Sacramento, California. Advantages of solar-reflective surfaces for reducing energy use are: (1) they are cost-effective if albedo is increased during routine maintenance; (2) the energy savings coincide with peak demand for power; (3) there are positive effects on environmental quality; and (4) the white materials have a long service life. Important considerations when choosing materials for mitigating heat islands are identified as albedo, emissivity, durability, cost, pollution and appearance. There is a potential for increasing urban albedo in Sacramento by an additional 18%. Of residential roofs, we estimate that asphalt shingle and modified bitumen cover the largest area, and that built-up roofing and modified bitumen cover the largest area of commercial buildings. For all of these roof types, albedo may be increased at the time of re-roofing without any additional cost. When a roof is repaired, a solar-reflective roof coating may be applied to significantly increase albedo and extend the life of the root Although a coating may be cost-effective if applied to a new roof following installation or to an older roof following repair, it is not cost-effective if the coating is applied only to save energy. Solar-reflective pavement may be cost-effective if the albedo change is included in the routine resurfacing schedule. Cost-effective options for producing light-colored pavement may include: (1) asphalt concrete, if white aggregate is locally available; (2) concrete overlays; and (3) newly developed white binders and aggregate. Another option may be hot-rolled asphalt, with white chippings. Utilities could promote solar-reflective surfaces through advertisement, educational programs and cost-sharing of road resurfacing.

Bretz, S.; Akbari, H.; Rosenfeld, A.; Taha, H.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) News & Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: sc.bes@science.doe.gov More Information » April 2013 Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane Predicted materials could economically produce high-purity methane from natural gas systems and separate methane from coal mine ventilation systems. Print Text Size: A A A Subscribe FeedbackShare Page Click to enlarge photo. Enlarge Photo Image courtesy of Berend Smit, UC-Berkeley

267

Christen leads ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 SHARE Media Contact: Bill Cabage Oak Ridge National Laboratory Communications (865) 574-4399 Christen leads ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Hans Christen Hans Christen (hi-res image) OAK RIDGE, Jan. 9, 2014 -- Hans M. Christen of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory has been named director of ORNL's Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, one of the five DOE Nanoscale Science Research Centers. Christen joined ORNL in 2000 and led the Thin Films and Nanostructures group from 2006 to 2013. In 2013, he became associate director within the Materials Science and Technology Division and has managed the DOE Materials Sciences & Engineering Program since 2011. His research has focused on the effects of epitaxial strain, spatial

268

Novel Approaches to Surface Analysis and Materials Engineering Using Highly Charged Ions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Complex problems in materials science require very sensitive, high spatial resolution (< 100 nm) determination of chemical (molecular) structures in near-surface volumes. Slow, highly charged ions (HCIs) provide a new, unique tool for probing chemical structure on a nanometer scale. The authors have explored the potential of these new highly charged ion based techniques in studies of materials with programmatic significance such as high explosives and actinide surfaces. Specifically the are studying HCI based surface analysis techniques (such as secondary ion mass spectrometry, SIMS) that are capable of achieving sensitivity of less than 10{sup 9} atoms/cm{sup 2}. In addition, this technique can determine chemical structure and hydrogen concentration. These attributes make this technique especially important to Laboratory missions in enhanced surveillance and nonproliferation. The unique advantage of HCIs over singly charged ions is the extreme energy density that is deposited into a nanometer-sized near-surface volume at the impact of a single HCI. For example, a Au{sup 69+} ion deposits about 0.5 MJ/cm{sup 3}. This high energy density causes the emission of a large number of secondary particles (electrons, ions, neutral atoms, and clusters) from surfaces. The emitted particles act as probes of the energy dissipation mechanism, and their yields are of technological significance. The HCI-emission microscope concept they developed uniquely combines all three aspects, high spatial resolution with highly sensitive compositional analysis and chemical structure determination. The experiments have shown that individual HCI impacts lead to copious electron emission, over 200 electrons per incident highly charged ion. In addition, highly charged ion induced secondary ion mass spectrometry (HCI-SIMS) provides considerably more information per ion impact than conventional SIMS. Combining these two phenomena provides a unique tool to study important materials issues necessary for the laboratory to accomplish its missions.

Hamza, A.; Schenkel, T.; Barnes, A.; Schneider, D.

2000-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

269

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to the significance of this discovery at the intersection of the emerging field of photonics and molecular sciences, it is featured on the cover of the March 25, 2010, issue of...

270

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Summer Newsletter 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy (NB, SJ, APB) and ORNL LDRD program (SVK, LQC). SC and LQC at Penn State acknowledge the financial support...

271

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Division, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy (NB, SJ, APB) and ORNL LDRD program (SVK, LQC). SC and LQC at Penn State acknowledge the financial support...

272

Materials Research Support at the Office of Basic Energy Sciences  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Federal Funding Workshop. Presentation Title, Materials Research Support at ...

273

“Sustainability” on the basis of Metallurgy and Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2010 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Sustainable Materials Processing and Production. Presentation Title ...

274

Materials and Science in Sports (CD-ROM) - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Apr 1, 2001... baseball, soccer, sailing, hockey, and athletics. Coverage may also include design, materials, mechanics, dynamics, and biomechanics.

275

Bayesian Networks in Materials Science: New Tools to Predict the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integrating Advanced Materials Simulation Techniques into an Automated Data Analysis Workflow at the Spallation Neutron Source · Intersecting Slip for ...

276

Sandia National Labs: Materials Science and Engineering Center...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Processing Corrosion Materials Reliability Analysis Polymer Performance and Aging Polymer Synthesis, Processing and Characterization Process Diagnostics and Control...

277

Procedures for sprinkler anchor installation on surfaces with fireproofing materials  

SciTech Connect

Procedures were developed for limiting the release of fibers from fireproofing material during sprinkler hanger anchor installation on steel deck/concrete floor slab surfaces. These procedures were needed by the General Services Administration (GSA) for installation of sprinkler systems in buildings having fireproofing containing asbestos. A prototype floor slab having spray-on friable mineral wool fireproofing was used in laboratory tests. The mineral-wool fireproofing was used as a model system for fireproofing containing asbestos. The various combinations of mechanical anchoring procedures (use of drills or powder-actuated gun) and encapsulation procedures tested limited the fiber release to a range of values of 0.000 to 0.055 f/cc (fibers per cubic centimeter) as compared to a range of values of 0.26 to 0.82 f/cc for procedures without encapsulation. Encapsulation was shown to be effective as evidenced by much higher levels of fiber release during testing without encapsulation. Because there is no known correlation between the release of mineral-wool fibers and asbestos fibers, it was recommended that the procedures developed be evaluated by GSA in buildings having fireproofing containing asbestos. An air-sampling protocol was developed for use by GSA in evaluating the procedures in the field. Subsequently field tests were conducted by GSA. The laboratory and field studies provided GSA with an effective procedure, measurement method, and decision tool for installing sprinkler hanger anchors in steel deck/concrete floor slabs having fireproofing materials.

Mathey, R.G.; Knab, L.I.; Gross, J.L.; Small, J.A.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Condensed Matter and Magnetic Science, MPA-CMMS: Materials Physics and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

feature banner feature banner banner Condensed Matter and Magnet Science The Condensed Matter and Magnet Science Group (MPA-CMMS) is comprised of research scientists, technicians, postdocs, and students specializing in experimental physics research, with a strong emphasis on fundamental condensed matter physics with complimentary thrusts in correlated electron materials, high magnetic-field science and technology, thermal physics, and actinide chemistry. MPA-CMMS hosts the Pulsed Field Facility of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL-PFF) located at TA-35 while new material synthesis, low temperature expertise, and various low-energy spectroscopies are located at TA-3. Our actinide chemistry activities occur at RC-1 (TA-48). The NHMFL-PFF is a national user facility for high magnetic field science sponsored primarily by the National Science Foundation's Division of Materials Research, with branches at Florida State University, the University of Florida, and Los Alamos National Laboratory. (Check out NHMFL Web site for more details.)

279

Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

This is a document required by Basic Energy Sciences as part of a mid-term review, in the third year of the five-year award period and is intended to provide a critical assessment of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels (strategic vision, scientific plans and progress, and technical accomplishments).

Todd R. Allen

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Advances in materials science, Metals and Ceramics Division. Quarterly progress report, July-September 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research is reported on materials for magnetic fusion energy, laser fusion energy, Al-air batteries, geothermal energy, oil shale, nuclear waste management, thermochemical cycles for hydrogen production, chemistry, and basic energy science. (FS)

Truhan, J.J.; Weld, F.N.

1979-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Chemical & EngChemical/Engineering Materials Division | Neutron Science |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical and Engineering Materials Division Chemical and Engineering Materials Division SHARE Chemical and Engineering Materials Division CEMD Director Mike Simonson The Chemical and Engineering Materials Division (CEMD) supports neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in understanding the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering materials. The user community takes advantage of division-supported capabilities of neutron scattering for measurements over wide ranges of experimental and operating conditions, including studies of chemical and physical changes in situ. User experiments with diffraction, small-angle scattering, inelastic and quasielastic scattering, and neutron imaging instruments address a range of problems in chemistry and in engineering materials research. Current areas of research supported by the division include the structure

283

Research Areas, Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Areas Areas Studies of Nanoscale Structure and Structural Defects in Advanced Materials: The goal of this program is to study property sensitive structural defects in technologically-important materials such as superconductors, magnets, and other functional materials at nanoscale. Advanced quantitative electron microscopy techniques, such as coherent diffraction, atomic imaging, spectroscopy, and phase retrieval methods including electron holography are developed and employed to study material behaviors. Computer simulations and theoretical modeling are carried out to aid the interpretation of experimental data. Electron Spectroscopy Group's primary focus is on the electronic structure and dynamics of condensed matter systems. The group carries out studies on a range materials including strongly correlated systems and thin metallic films. A special emphasis is placed on studies of high-Tc superconductors and related materials.

284

PCCM's partnership with Liberty Science Center (LSC) has grown to improve awareness of materials science engineering among new audiences. In collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Liberty Science Center Expand Partnership (DMR0819860) D. Steinberg, C. Arnold, M. McAlpine, R. RegisterPCCM's partnership with Liberty Science Center (LSC) has grown to improve awareness of materials science engineering among new audiences. In collaboration with Liberty Science Center, PCCM members

Petta, Jason

285

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - >ES&H  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

default.aspx CNMS adheres to the DOE Policy on Nanoscale Materials, DOE Order 456.1 THE SAFE HANDLING OF UNBOUND ENGINEERED NANOPARTICLES, and ORNL requirements....

286

NIST Awards Grants for New Science Facilities - Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 30, 2010... based on fuel cells, biofuels, and electric vehicles) and build system sustainability (Net Zero energy buildings, sustainable building materials, ...

287

Career Opportunities and Experiences in Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... outside your comfort zone as a materials scientist and engineer and provide ... of mediocrity, the current economic climate and the competitive nature of hiring.

288

Chemical and Engineering Materials Division | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Engineering Materials Division (CEMD) supports neutron-based research at SNS and HFIR in understanding the structure and dynamics of chemical systems and novel engineering...

289

XG Sciences, ORNL partner on titanium-graphene composite materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

composites. "Graphene is an exciting new material with huge po-tential due to its fast electron mobility, high mechanical strength, and excellent thermal conductivity," said...

290

Materials Science by High-energy Powder Diffraction: Opportunities ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, O. Advanced Neutron and Synchrotron Studies of Materials .... Status of China Spallation Neutron Source and Perspectives of Neutron Research in ...

291

Surface Chemistry and Activity of SOFC Cathode Materials as Thin ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

However, the surface properties of oxides in SOFC conditions are poorly understood. To build correlations between surface characteristics and properties, films ...

292

Powder diffraction in materials science using the KENS cold-neutron source  

SciTech Connect

Since superconductivity fever spread around the world, neutron powder diffraction has become very popular and been widely used by crystallographers, physicists, chemists, mineralogists, and materials scientists. The purpose of present paper is to show, firstly, important characteristics of time-of-flight TOF powder diffraction using cold-neutron source in the study of materials science, and, secondly, recent studies on the structure and function of batteries at the Neutron Science Laboratory (KENS) in the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK).

Kamiyama, T.; Oikawa, K. [Univ. of Tsukuba (Japan). Inst. of Materials Science; Akiba, E. [National Inst. of Materials and Chemical Research, Tsukuba (Japan)] [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Hard surfaced polymeric materials by ion beam processing  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Initially, both General Motors and Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. were interested in altering the surface properties of polymers using ion beam technologies. Specifically, GM wished to treat the nylon that is used to encapsulate automotive assemblies so that it would be impervious to the alcohols and ethers used in present day blends of gasoline. Fuel oxygenates such as methanol can rapidly permeate the nylon encapsulant and tend to corrode the components within the assemblies. Once the CRADA was initiated, GM learned about the cleaning/decontamination expertise that was available at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. Because GM was also interested in solving contamination issues related to these assemblies, GM worked with Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. to amend the CRADA to include such issues. Y-12 was eager to share its environmentally friendly, cleaning/decontamination expertise and also to expand upon its knowledge in this area. GM provided funds into the CRADA in order to address these contamination issues. Further on into the CRADA, GM put even more emphasis on the decontamination issues. This change in direction resulted because of rapid progress on the decontamination issues and, secondly, because GM changed its component material from nylon to the highly impervious polyphenylene sulfide.

Simandl, R.F. [Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc., Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Rose, D. [Delphi Energy and Engine Management Systems, Flint, MI (United States)

1996-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

294

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Electron Tunneling into Ferroelectric Surfaces Peter Maksymovych1, Stephen Jesse1, Pu Yu2, Ramamoorthy Ramesh2, Arthur P. Baddorf,1 and Sergei V. Kalinin1 1 The Center for...

295

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Summer Newsletter 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

motions and surface deformations at frequencies up to 2.4 MHz, and is compatible with piezoelectric, electrostatic and other modes of sample actuation in controlled gas-phase...

296

The Use of X-Ray Microbeams in Materials Science  

SciTech Connect

Most materials are heterogeneous on mesoscopic length scales (tenths-to-tens of microns), and materials properties depend critically on mesoscopic structures such as grain sizes, texture, and impurities. The recent availability of intense, focused x-ray microbeams at synchrotron facilities has enabled new techniques for mesoscale materials characterization. We describe instrumentation and experiments on the MHATT-CAT and UNICAT undulator beamlines at the Advanced Photon Source which use micron and submicron-size x-ray beams to investigate the grain orientation, local strain and defect content in a variety of materials of technological interest. Results from a combinatorial study on epitaxial growth of oxide films on textured metal substrates will be described to illustrate x-ray microbeam capabilities.

Budai, J.D.; Chung, J.-S.; Ice, G.E.; Larson, B.C.; Lowe, W.P.; Norton, D.P.; Tamura, N.; Tischler, J.Z.; Williams, E.L.; Yoon, M.; Zschack, P.

1998-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

297

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-temperature Exfoliation of Multilayer-Graphene Material from FeCl3 and CH3NO2 Co-intercalated Graphite Compound Wujun Fu,a Jim Kiggans,b Steven H. Overbury,a,c Viviane...

298

CRC handbook of laser science and technology. Volume 5. Optical materials. Part 3. Applications, coatings, and fabrication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book describes the uses, coatings, and fabrication of laser materials. Topics considered include: optical waveguide materials; optical storage materials; holographic recording materials; phase conjunction materials; holographic recording materials; phase conjunction materials; laser crystals; laser glasses; quantum counter materials; thin films and coatings; multilayer dielectric coatings; graded-index surfaces and films; optical materials fabrication; fabrication techniques; fabrication procedures for specific materials.

Weber, M.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Surface passivation process of compound semiconductor material using UV photosulfidation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for passivating compound semiconductor surfaces by photolytically disrupting molecular sulfur vapor with ultraviolet radiation to form reactive sulfur which then reacts with and passivates the surface of compound semiconductors.

Ashby, Carol I. H. (Edgewood, NM)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Surfaces and Interfaces in Nanostructured Materials II (Electronic ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 1, 2007 ... Topics explored in this publication include interfacial modification and surface engineering approaches at the nanoscale; biology- and ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Surface space : digital manufacturing techniques and emergent building material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores tectonic possibilities of new material and forming techniques. The design process is catalyzed by experimenting different configurations of the material.This project attempts to develop inventive ways ...

Ho, Joseph Chi-Chen, 1975-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Materials Science Materials Science Go to Research Groups Preprints Provided by Individual Scientists: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Abécassis, Benjamin (Benjamin Abécassis) - Laboratoire de Physique des Solides, Université de Paris-Sud 11 Ackland, Graeme (Graeme Ackland) - Centre for Materials Science and Engineering & School of Physics, University of Edinburgh Adams, James B (James B Adams) - Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Arizona State University Adams, Philip W. (Philip W. Adams) - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University Adeyeye, Adekunle (Adekunle Adeyeye) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore Agrawal, Dinesh (Dinesh Agrawal) - Microwave Processing and

303

The Materials Science and Engineering of the Star Wars Universe  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Analysis: A Key to Unlocking the Mystery of the Columbia Tragedy ... Negatively charged antiprotons will be generated in a high-energy cyclotron, selectively .... Let me vox the marketing department and get their take. ... to display up-to-the-minute news and information, surgical droids who deliver babies, and ...

304

Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Training at NERSC April 5,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

User Feedback JGI Intro to NERSC Data Transfer and Archiving Using the Cray XE6 Joint NERSC/OLCF/NICS Cray XT5 Workshop NERSC User Group Training Remote Setup Online Tutorials Courses NERSC Training Accounts Request Form Training Links OSF HPC Seminiars Software Accounts & Allocations Policies Data Analytics & Visualization Data Management Policies Science Gateways User Surveys NERSC Users Group User Announcements Help Operations for: Passwords & Off-Hours Status 1-800-66-NERSC, option 1 or 510-486-6821 Account Support https://nim.nersc.gov accounts@nersc.gov 1-800-66-NERSC, option 2 or 510-486-8612 Consulting http://help.nersc.gov consult@nersc.gov 1-800-66-NERSC, option 3 or 510-486-8611 Home » For Users » Training & Tutorials » Training Events » Chemistry

305

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thad M. Adams Thad M. Adams Materials Technology Section Savannah River National Laboratory DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting January 5-6, 2005 Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Service Hydrogen Technology at the Savannah Hydrogen Technology at the Savannah River Site River Site * Tritium Production/Storage/Handling and Hydrogen Storage/Handling since 1955 - Designed, built and currently operate world's largest metal hydride based processing facility (RTF) - DOE lead site for tritium extraction/handling/separation/storage operations * Applied R&D provided by Savannah River National Laboratory - Largest hydrogen R&D staff in country * Recent Focus on Related National Energy Needs - Current major effort on hydrogen energy technology

306

Neutron Sciences - Electrode Material for Solid-oxide Fuel Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode Theory meets experiment: structure-property relationships in an electrode material for solid-oxide fuel cells Research Contact: Ana B. Munoz-Garcia December 2012, Written by Agatha Bardoel Fuel cell technology is one potentially very efficient and environmentally friendly way to convert the chemical energy of fuels into electricity. Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) can convert a wide variety of fuels with simpler, cheaper designs than those used in liquid electrolyte cells. Using the Powder Diffractometer at the Spallation Neutron Source, researchers experimentally characterized the promising new SOFC electrode material strontium iron molybdenum oxide─Sr2Fe1.5Mo0.5O6-δ (SFMO). Combining the experimental results with insights from theory showed that the crystal structure is distorted from the ideal cubic simple perovskite

307

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY DIVISION September 1, 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUCLEAR POWER NUCLEAR ENERGY W.R. CORWIN B.J. WADDELL* A.A. BLANKENSHIP* (1) G.L. BELL* ADVANCED REACTORS THEORY G.M. STOCKS A.R. STRANGE F.W. AVERILL (12) M. BAJDICH (3) K.H. BEVAN (3) X. CHEN (3) V.R. COOPER M.T. LIU (12) P.J. MAZIASZ J. R. MORRIS (27) T.G. NIEH (5) G.M. PHARR (24) Y. YAMAMOTO NUCLEAR MATERIALS

308

Collimation and material science studies (ColMat) at GSI.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the frame of the EuCARD program, the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt is performing accelerator R&D in workpackage 8: ColMat. The coordinated effort is focussed on materials aspects important for building the FAIR accelerator facility at GSI and the LHC upgrade at CERN. Accelerator components and especially protection devices have to be operated in high dose environments. The radiation hazard occurs either by the primary proton and ion beams or the secondary radiation after initial beam loss. Detailed numerical simulations have been carried out to study the damage caused to solid targets by the full impact of the LHC beam as well as the SPS beam. Tungsten, copper and graphite as possible collimator materials have been studied. Experimental an theoretical studies on radiation damage on materials used for the LHC upgrade and the FAIR accelerators are performed at the present GSI experimental facilities. Technical decisions based on these results will have an impact on the F...

Stadlmann, J; Kollmus, H; Krause, M; Mustafin, E; Petzenhauser, I; Spiller, P; Strasik, I; Tahir, N; Tomut, M; Trautmann, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Pu-bearing materials - from fundamental science to storage standards.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of plutonium (Pu) oxides in the presence of water/moisture in a confined space and the associated issues of hydrogen and oxygen generation due to radiolysis have important implications for the storage and transportation of Pu-bearing materials. This paper reviews the results of recent studies of gas generation in the Pu-O-H system, including the determination of release rates via engineering-scale measurement. The observations of the significant differences in gas generation behavior between 'pure' Pu-bearing materials and those that contain salt impurities are addressed. In conjunction with the discussion of these empirical observations, the work also addresses recent scientific advances in the investigations of the Pu-O-H system using state-of-the-art ab initio electronic structure calculations, as well as advanced synchrotron techniques to determine the electronic structure of the various Pu-containing phases. The role of oxidizing species such as the hydroxyl radical from the radiolysis of water is examined. Discussed also is the challenge in the predictive ab-initio calculations of the electronic structure of the Pu-H-O system, due to the nature of the 5f valence electrons in Pu. Coupled with the continuing material surveillance program, it is anticipated that this work may help determine the electronic structure of the various Pu-containing phases and the role of impurity salts on gas generation and the long-term stability of oxygen/hydrogen-containing plutonium oxides beyond PuO{sub 2}.

Tam, S. W.; Liu, Y.; Decision and Information Sciences; Michigan Technical Univ.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Using Ice to Make Nature Inspired Hybrid Materials - Programmaster ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Surface Properties of Biomaterials. Presentation Title, Using Ice to Make Nature ...

311

Assessment of Structural and Clad Materials for Fission Surface...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1413 Reactor Pressure Vessel Task of Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program: Milestone Report on Materials and Machining of Specimens for the ATR-2 Experiment January 2011...

312

Pu-Bearing Materials - From Fundamental Science to Storage Standards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The behavior of plutonium (Pu) oxides in the presence of water/moisture in a confined space and the associated issues of hydrogen and oxygen generation due to radiolysis have important implications for the storage and transportation of Pu-bearing materials. This paper reviews the results of recent studies of gas generation in the Pu-O-H system, including the determination of release rates via engineering-scale measurement. The observations of the significant differences in gas generation behavior between 'pure' Pu-bearing materials and those that contain salt impurities are addressed. In conjunction with the discussion of these empirical observations, this work also addresses recent scientific advances in the investigations of the Pu-O-H system using state-of-the-art ab initio electronic structure calculations, as well as advanced synchrotron techniques to determine the electronic structure of the various Pu-containing phases. The role of oxidizing species such as the hydroxyl radical from the radiolysis of water is examined. Discussed also is the challenge in the predictive ab-initio calculations of the electronic structure of the Pu-H-O system, due to the nature of the 5f valence electrons in Pu. Coupled with the continuing material surveillance program, it is anticipated that this work may help determine the electronic structure of the various Pu-containing phases and the role of impurity salts on gas generation and the long-term stability of oxygen/hydrogen-containing plutonium oxides beyond PuO{sub 2}. (authors)

Shiu-Wing Tam; Yung Liu [Decision and Information Sciences Div., Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 S. Cass Avenue, Bldg. 900, MS-12, Argonne, IL, 60439 (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

R S R S T U V W X Y Z Qasem, Apan (Apan Qasem) - Department of Computer Science, Texas State University - San Marcos Qi, Xiaojun (Xiaojun Qi) - Department of Computer Science, Utah State University Qi, Yuan "Alan" (Yuan "Alan" Qi) - Departments of Computer Sciences & Statistics, Purdue University Qian, Xiaoping (Xiaoping Qian) - Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering Department, Illinois Institute of Technology Qiao, Chunming (Chunming Qiao) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo Qiao, Daji (Daji Qiao) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Iowa State University Qiao, Sanzheng (Sanzheng Qiao) - Department of Computing and Software, McMaster University Qin, Feng (Feng Qin) - Department of Computer Science and

314

Materials Discovery Design and Synthesis | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Discovery Design and Synthesis Discovery Design and Synthesis Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities The Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Materials Discovery Design and Synthesis Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research is supported in the discovery and design of novel materials and the development of innovative materials synthesis and processing methods. This research is guided by applications of concepts learned from the interface between physics and biology and from nano-scale understanding of

315

DOE-HDBK-1017/1-93; DOE Fundamentals Handbook Material Science Volume 1 of 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1-93 1-93 JANUARY 1993 DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK MATERIAL SCIENCE Volume 1 of 2 U.S. Department of Energy FSC-6910 Washington, D.C. 20585 Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd., Springfield, VA 22161. Order No. DE93012224 DOE-HDBK-1017/1-93 MATERIAL SCIENCE ABSTRACT The Material Science Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating

316

DOE-HDBK-1017/2-93; DOE Fundamentals Handbook Material Science Volume 2 of 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2-93 2-93 JANUARY 1993 DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK MATERIAL SCIENCE Volume 2 of 2 U.S. Department of Energy FSC-6910 Washington, D.C. 20585 Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; prices available from (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Services, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal., Springfield, VA 22161. Order No. DE93012225 DOE-HDBK-1017/2-93 MATERIAL SCIENCE ABSTRACT The Material Science

317

Uranium for hydrogen storage applications : a materials science perspective.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under appropriate conditions, uranium will form a hydride phase when exposed to molecular hydrogen. This makes it quite valuable for a variety of applications within the nuclear industry, particularly as a storage medium for tritium. However, some aspects of the U+H system have been characterized much less extensively than other common metal hydrides (particularly Pd+H), likely due to radiological concerns associated with handling. To assess the present understanding, we review the existing literature database for the uranium hydride system in this report and identify gaps in the existing knowledge. Four major areas are emphasized: {sup 3}He release from uranium tritides, the effects of surface contamination on H uptake, the kinetics of the hydride phase formation, and the thermal desorption properties. Our review of these areas is then used to outline potential avenues of future research.

Shugard, Andrew D.; Tewell, Craig R.; Cowgill, Donald F.; Kolasinski, Robert D.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Nanoscale Measurements of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Properties in Polymers M.P. Nikiforov, S. Jesse, L.T. Germinario (CNMS user, Eastman Chemical Co.), and S.V. Kalinin Achievement We report a novel method for local measurements of glass transition temperatures and the temperature dependence of elastic and loss moduli of polymeric materials. The combination of Anasys Instruments' heated tip technology, ORNL-developed band excitation scanning probe microscopy, and a "freeze-in" thermal profile technique allows quantitative thermomechanical measurements at high spatial resolution on the order of ~100 nm. Here, we developed an experimental approach for local thermomechanical probing that reproducibly tracks changes in the mechanical properties of

319

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Nanoscale Measurements of Glass Transition Temperature and Temperature-Dependent Mechanical Properties in Polymers M.P. Nikiforov, S. Jesse, L.T. Germinario (CNMS user, Eastman Chemical Co.), and S.V. Kalinin Achievement We report a novel method for local measurements of glass transition temperatures and the temperature dependence of elastic and loss moduli of polymeric materials. The combination of Anasys Instruments' heated tip technology, ORNL-developed band excitation scanning probe microscopy, and a "freeze-in" thermal profile technique allows quantitative thermomechanical measurements at high spatial resolution on the order of ~100 nm. Here, we developed an experimental approach for local thermomechanical probing that reproducibly tracks changes in the mechanical properties of

320

Sandia National Labs: Materials Science and Engineering Center: Research &  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accomplishments Accomplishments Patents PATENTS Method for Making Surfactant-Templated Thin Films, Jeff Brinker, Hongyou Fan, Patent #RE41612, issued 8/13/10 Dendritic Metal Nanostructures, John Shelnutt, Yujiang Song, Patent #7,785,391, issued 8/13/10 Metal Nanoparticles as a Conductive Catalyst, Eric Coker, Patent #7,767,610, issued 8/13/10 Water-Soluable Titanium Alkoxide Material, Timothy Boyle, Patent # 7,741,486 B1, issued 6/22/10 Microfabricated Triggered Vacuum Switch, Alex W. Roesler, Joshua M. Schare,Kyle Bunch, Patent #7,714,240, issued 5/11/10 Method of Photocatalytic Nanotagging, John Shelnutt, Craig Medforth, Yujiang Song, Patent #7,704,489, issued 4/27/10 Correlation Spectrometer, Michael Sinclair, Kent Pfeifer, Jeb Flemming, Gary D Jones, Chris Tigges, Patent #7,697,134, issued 4/13/10

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Functional Hybrid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY (OPTOELECTRONICS) NANOMATERIALS SYNTHESIS AND FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY (OPTOELECTRONICS) Synthesis of SWNT's, NT Arrays, NW's, NP's or thin films by CVD, Laser Vaporization, and PLD with in situ diagnostics ns-Laser Vaporization Synthesis of SWNTs, NWs, NPs SWNTs and nanowires are produced by pulsed Nd:YAG laser-irradiation (30 Hz, Q-switched or free-running) of composite pellets in a 2" tube furnace with variable pressure control. Excimer laser ablation of materials into variable pressure background gases is used for nanoparticle generation in proximity of ns-laser diagnostics. High-power ms-laser vaporization bulk production of nanomaterials SWNTs (primarily), SWNH (single-wall carbon nanohorns), nanoparticles and nanowires are produced by robotically-scanned 600W Nd:YAG laser-irradiation

322

Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Active CNMS User Projects  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ACTIVE USER PROJECTS ACTIVE USER PROJECTS Proposal Cycle 2013B: expire July 31, 2014 Proposal Cycle 2013A: expire January 31, 2014 Proposal Cycle 2012B (extended): expire July 31, 2014 Proposal Cycle 2012A: (extended): expire January 31, 2014 Proposal Cycle 2013B: expire January 31, 2014 X-ray diffraction and scattering techniques for the study of interfacial phenomena in energy storage materials Gabriel Veith, ORNL [CNMS2013-201] Atomic scale study of the reduction of metal oxides Guangwen Zhou, State University of New York at Binghamton [CNMS2013-210] Local Switching Studies in PbZr0.2Ti0.8O3 (001), (101), and (111) Films Lane Martin, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign [CNMS2013-211] Direct Observation of Domain Structure and Switching Process in Strained

323

Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department, Brookhaven  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Presetations Presetations Homepage | Contacts "How can we make an isotropic high-temperature superconductor?," Seminar at Condensed Matter Physics Department, (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, November 27 2007). PDF "Enhancement of Jc in thick MOD and BaF2 coatings through the structure improvement " DOE "Superconductivity for Power Systems" Annual Peer Review, (Arlington, VA, August 7-9 2007). PDF "Texture Development in 2-3 ÎĽm Thick YBCO Films Synthesized by BaF2 and MOD Processes on Metal RABiTS(tm) " Materials Research Society Spring Meeting, (San Francisco, CA, April 20 2007). PDF "Films and Crystals: Search for the Perfect Structure. ," Seminar at Condensed Matter Physics Department, (Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, March 12 2007). PDF

324

The Science of Electrode Materials for Lithium Batteries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Rechargeable lithium batteries continue to play the central role in power systems for portable electronics, and could play a role of increasing importance for hybrid transportation systems that use either hydrogen or fossil fuels. For example, fuel cells provide a steady supply of power, whereas batteries are superior when bursts of power are needed. The National Research Council recently concluded that for dismounted soldiers "Among all possible energy sources, hybrid systems provide the most versatile solutions for meeting the diverse needs of the Future Force Warrior. The key advantage of hybrid systems is their ability to provide power over varying levels of energy use, by combining two power sources." The relative capacities of batteries versus fuel cells in a hybrid power system will depend on the capabilities of both. In the longer term, improvements in the cost and safety of lithium batteries should lead to a substantial role for electrochemical energy storage subsystems as components in fuel cell or hybrid vehicles. We have completed a basic research program for DOE BES on anode and cathode materials for lithium batteries, extending over 6 years with a 1 year phaseout period. The emphasis was on the thermodynamics and kinetics of the lithiation reaction, and how these pertain to basic electrochemical properties that we measure experimentally — voltage and capacity in particular. In the course of this work we also studied the kinetic processes of capacity fade after cycling, with unusual results for nanostructued Si and Ge materials, and the dynamics underlying electronic and ionic transport in LiFePO4. This document is the final report for this work.

Fultz, Brent

2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: The Effects of Surface  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Effects of Surface Interactions on Summertime Arctic Clouds at Coastal The Effects of Surface Interactions on Summertime Arctic Clouds at Coastal and Inland Locations Doran, J. Christopher Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Barnard, James Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Shaw, William Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Cloud optical depths, effective droplet radii, base heights, and liquid water paths at Barrow and Atqasuk have been compared for the warm months (mid-June through mid-September) for the years 2001-2003. The optical depths at Atqasuk were about 26% larger than those at Barrow, only 100 km away, and the ratio of measured irradiance to clear sly irradiance was almost 20% smaller at Atqasuk under cloudy conditions. The differences appear to be caused by enhanced surface fluxes of sensible and latent heat

326

Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division Homepage | U.S. DOE  

Office of Science (SC) Website

MSE Home MSE Home Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Scientific Highlights Reports and Activities Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Research Needs Workshop Reports Workshop Reports The Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division supports fundamental experimental and theoretical research to provide the knowledge base for the discovery and design of new materials with novel structures, functions, and properties. This knowledge serves as a basis for the development of new materials for the generation, storage, and use of energy and for mitigation of the environmental impacts of energy use. (details) The MSE research portfolio consists of the research focus areas in the

327

Theoretical studies of surface reactions on metals and electronic materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Studies of a variety of adsorbates on Ni have been completed; adsorption energies were determined for CH, CH[sub 2], CH[sub 3], H, NH[sub 3], H[sub 2]O, and C[sub 6]H[sub 6] on Ni(111). A refined calculation of the reaction of methane with Ni was completed. Other studies included H[sub 2] and SiH[sub 4] adsorption/decomposition on Si surfaces, Si-Si dimer bond length, activity energy barriers for reaction of CH[sub 4]and CH[sub 3]F with Si(111). Studies were begun on deposition of C on Ni(111). New directions were explored for reaction of methane with transition metal surfaces; work was completed for a Ni(111) surface containing a substitutional iron atom. Twenty abstracts of papers are presented.

Whitten, J.L.

1993-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

328

Self assembled molecular monolayers on high surface area materials as molecular getters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a gettering material that may be used as a filtration medium to remove pollutants from the environment. The gettering material comprises a high surface area material having a metal surface that chemically bonds n-alkanethiols in an organized manner thereby forming a molecular monolayer over the metal surface. The n-alkanethiols have a free functional group that interacts with the environment thereby binding specific pollutants that may be present. The gettering material may be exposed to streams of air in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems or streams of water to remove specific pollutants from either medium.

King, David E. (Lakewood, CO); Herdt, Gregory C. (Denver, CO); Czanderna, Alvin W. (Denver, CO)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Self assembled molecular monolayers on high surface area materials as molecular getters  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention relates to a gettering material that may be used as a filtration medium to remove pollutants from the environment. The gettering material comprises a high surface area material having a metal surface that chemically bonds n-alkanethiols in an organized manner thereby forming a molecular monolayer over the metal surface. The n-alkanethiols have a free functional group that interacts with the environment thereby binding specific pollutants that may be present. The gettering material may be exposed to streams of air in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems or streams of water to remove specific pollutants from either medium. 9 figs.

King, D.E.; Herdt, G.C.; Czanderna, A.W.

1997-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

330

Reduction of surface leakage current by surface passivation of CdZn Te and other materials using hyperthermal oxygen atoms  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Reduction of surface leakage current by surface passivation of Cd.sub.1-x Zn.sub.x Te and other materials using hyperthermal oxygen atoms. Surface effects are important in the performance of CdZnTe room-temperature radiation detectors used as spectrometers since the dark current is often dominated by surface leakage. A process using high-kinetic-energy, neutral oxygen atoms (.about.3 eV) to treat the surface of CdZnTe detectors at or near ambient temperatures is described. Improvements in detector performance include significantly reduced leakage current which results in lower detector noise and greater energy resolution for radiation measurements of gamma- and X-rays, thereby increasing the accuracy and sensitivity of measurements of radionuclides having complex gamma-ray spectra, including special nuclear materials.

Hoffbauer, Mark A. (Los Alamos, NM); Prettyman, Thomas H. (Los Alamos, NM)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Proposal: A Search for Sterile Neutrino at J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a definite search for sterile neutrinos at the J-PARC Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility (MLF). With the 3 GeV Rapid Cycling Synchrotron (RCS) and spallation neutron target, an intense neutrino beam from muon decay at rest (DAR) is available. Neutrinos come from \\mu+ decay, and the oscillation to be searched for is (anti \

M. Harada; S. Hasegawa; Y. Kasugai; S. Meigo; K. Sakai; S. Sakamoto; K. Suzuya; E. Iwai; T. Maruyama; K. Nishikawa; R. Ohta; M. Niiyama; S. Ajimura; T. Hiraiwa; T. Nakano; M. Nomachi; T. Shima; T. J. C. Bezerra; E. Chauveau; T. Enomoto; H. Furuta; H. Sakai; F. Suekane; M. Yeh; G. T. Garvey; W. C. Louis; G. B. Mills; R. Van de Water

2013-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

332

5 (2001) 281282Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science Editorial Overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To achieve high toughness and strength, generation industry in continuous fiber-reinforced ceramic new5 (2001) 281­282Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science Editorial Overview Ceramics resistance. Wiederhorn and Ferber provide an update ceramics and ceramic composites for use in gas tubine

Zok, Frank

333

Tangible ideas for children: materials sciences as the future of educational technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, the notion of "educational technology" has been equated with "educational computing". While computer technology is, and will continue to be, a central focus of educational technology, its importance is likely to be rivaled in the coming ... Keywords: educational technology, materials science

Michael Eisenberg

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Materials Science and Engineering A 387389 (2004) 277281 Mobility laws in dislocation dynamics simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials Science and Engineering A 387­389 (2004) 277­281 Mobility laws in dislocation dynamics of dislocation lines, to establish a statistically representative model of crystal plasticity. A new massively thousands of processors. We discuss an important ingredient of this code -- the mobility laws dictating

Cai, Wei

335

Nanostructured materials for lithium-ion batteries: Surface conductivity vs. bulk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanostructured materials for lithium-ion batteries: Surface conductivity vs. bulk ion cathode materials for high capacity lithium-ion batteries. Owing to their inherently low electronic in these materials is also to unravel the factors governing ion and electron transport within the lattice. Lithium de

Ryan, Dominic

336

SCIENCE HIGHLIGHTS 2008 ANNUAL REPORT ORNL NEUTRON SCIENCES The Next Generation of Materials Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.The experiments employed instruments at HFIR and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NISTFeAsO, are antiferromagnetic materials when chilled to a low temperature. Using both a powder diffractometer at NIST and HFIR and Christianson studied the samples syn- thesized at ORNL using the Triple-Axis Spectrometer at HFIR and the Wide

337

Advances in the Surface Science of TiO2 – A Global Perspective  

SciTech Connect

TiO2 rutile single-crystal surfaces have served has useful prototypical, well-defined specimens for fundamental investigations of oxide surface science for many years. As a result of both experimental and theoretical efforts, we have gained considerable insight into the structural, electronic, thermochemical and photochemical properties of pristine as well as defective surfaces. In this brief review, I summarize some of the recent advances that have been made in the laboratories of participants of the International Workshop of Oxide Surfaces (IWOX) series, principally on TiO2(110).

Chambers, Scott A.

2007-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

Heating surface material’s effect on subcooled flow boiling heat transfer of R134a  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, subcooled flow boiling of R134a on copper (Cu) and stainless steel (SS) heating surfaces was experimentally investigated from both macroscopic and microscopic points of view. By utilizing a high-speed digital camera, bubble growth rate, bubble departure size, and nucleation site density, were able to be observed and analyzed from the microscopic point of view. Macroscopic characteristics of the subcooled flow boiling, such as heat transfer coefficient, were able to be measured as well. Experimental results showed that there are no obvious difference between the copper and the stainless surface with respect to bubble dynamics, such as contact angle, growth rate and departure size. On the contrary, the results clearly showed a trend that the copper surface had a better performance than the stainless steel surface in terms of heat transfer coefficient. It was also observed that wall heat fluxes on both surfaces were found highly correlated with nucleation site density, as bubble hydrodynamics are similar on these two surfaces. The difference between these two surfaces was concluded as results of different surface thermal conductivities.

Ling Zou; Barclay G. Jones

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Role of surface coating on cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface coating of cathode materials has been widely investigated to enhance the life and rate capability of lithium-ion batteries. The surface coating discussed here was divided into three different configurations which are rough coating, core shell structure coating and ultra thin film coating. The mechanism of surface coating in achieving improved cathode performance and strategies to carry out this surface modification is discussed. An outlook on atomic layer deposition for lithium ion battery is also presented.

Chen, Z.; Qin, Y.; Amine, K.; Sun, Y.-K. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); (Hanyang Univ.)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels  

SciTech Connect

The Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, has funded the INL as one of the Energy Frontier Research Centers in the area of material science of nuclear fuels. This document is the required annual report to the Office of Science that outlines the accomplishments for the period of May 2010 through April 2011. The aim of the Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuels (CMSNF) is to establish the foundation for predictive understanding of the effects of irradiation-induced defects on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels. The science driver of the center’s investigation is to understand how complex defect and microstructures affect phonon mediated thermal transport in UO2, and achieve this understanding for the particular case of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures. The center’s research thus includes modeling and measurement of thermal transport in oxide fuels with different levels of impurities, lattice disorder and irradiation-induced microstructure, as well as theoretical and experimental investigation of the evolution of disorder, stoichiometry and microstructure in nuclear fuel under irradiation. With the premise that thermal transport in irradiated UO2 is a phonon-mediated energy transport process in a crystalline material with defects and microstructure, a step-by-step approach will be utilized to understand the effects of types of defects and microstructures on the collective phonon dynamics in irradiated UO2. Our efforts under the thermal transport thrust involved both measurement of diffusive phonon transport (an approach that integrates over the entire phonon spectrum) and spectroscopic measurements of phonon attenuation/lifetime and phonon dispersion. Our distinct experimental efforts dovetail with our modeling effort involving atomistic simulation of phonon transport and prediction of lattice thermal conductivity using the Boltzmann transport framework.

Todd R. Allen, Director

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

particles H. Boukari, D. Green, and M.T. Harris Searching for charge scattering from stripes in La2-xSrxCuO4 and related compounds R. Christianson, R. Leheny, R. Birgeneau, L....

342

Materials of interaction : responsive materials in the design of transformable interactive surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials that embody computational properties are reshaping the ways in which we design, interact and communicate. This thesis looks at the topic of form transformation and how to bring the programmability and versatility ...

Coelho, Marcelo

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Surface Science Prospectives Weakly bound buffer layers: A versatile template for metallic nano-clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface Science Prospectives Weakly bound buffer layers: A versatile template for metallic nano layers Metallic nano-crystals Film patterning Laser ablation a b s t r a c t Buffer layers composed controlled growth of nano-clusters and for patterning of thin metallic films. Metallic nano-crystals can

Asscher, Micha

344

Nanocluster-based white-light-emitting material employing surface tuning  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for making a nanocrystal-based material capable of emitting light over a sufficiently broad spectral range to appear white. Surface-modifying ligands are used to shift and broaden the emission of semiconductor nanocrystals to produce nanoparticle-based materials that emit white light.

Wilcoxon, Jess P. (Albuquerque, NM); Abrams, Billie L. (Albuquerque, NM); Thoma, Steven G. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

345

Application of chemical structure and bonding of actinide oxide materials for forensic science  

SciTech Connect

We are interested in applying our understanding of actinide chemical structure and bonding to broaden the suite of analytical tools available for nuclear forensic analyses. Uranium- and plutonium-oxide systems form under a variety of conditions, and these chemical species exhibit some of the most complex behavior of metal oxide systems known. No less intriguing is the ability of AnO{sub 2} (An: U, Pu) to form non-stoichiometric species described as AnO{sub 2+x}. Environmental studies have shown the value of utilizing the chemical signatures of these actinide oxide materials to understand transport following release into the environment. Chemical speciation of actinide-oxide samples may also provide clues as to the age, source, or process history of the material. The scientific challenge is to identify, measure and understand those aspects of speciation of actinide analytes that carry information about material origin and history most relevant to forensics. Here, we will describe our efforts in material synthesis and analytical methods development that we will use to provide the fundamental science to characterize actinide oxide molecular structures for forensic science. Structural properties and initial results to measure structural variability of uranium oxide samples using synchrotron-based X-ray Absorption Fine Structure will be discussed.

Wilkerson, Marianne Perry [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials and methods are available as supplementary materials on Science Online. 16. W. Benz, A. G. W. Cameron, H. J. Melosh, Icarus 81, 113 (1989). 17. S. L. Thompson, H. S. Lauson, Technical Rep. SC-RR-710714, Sandia Nat. Labs (1972). 18. H. J. Melosh, Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 42, 2079 (2007). 19. S. Ida, R. M. Canup, G. R. Stewart, Nature 389, 353 (1997). 20. E. Kokubo, J. Makino, S. Ida, Icarus 148, 419 (2000). 21. M. M. M. Meier, A. Reufer, W. Benz, R. Wieler, Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society LXXIV, abstr. 5039 (2011). 22. C. B. Agnor, R. M. Canup, H. F. Levison, Icarus 142, 219 (1999). 23. D. P. O'Brien, A. Morbidelli, H. F. Levison, Icarus 184, 39 (2006). 24. R. M. Canup, Science 307, 546 (2005). 25. J. J. Salmon, R. M. Canup, Lunar Planet. Sci. XLIII, 2540 (2012). Acknowledgments: SPH simulation data are contained in tables S2 to S5 of the supplementary materials. Financial support

347

mcdermott-100412 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MATERIALS SCIENCE COLLOQUIUM SPEAKER: PROF. Robert McDermott University of Wisconsin-Madison TITLE: "1f Noise and Dephasing from Surface Magnetic States in SQUIDs and...

348

1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nation's economic prosperity and military security depend heavily on development and commercialization of advanced materials. Materials are a key facet of many technologies, providing the key ingredient for entire industries and tens of millions of jobs. With foreign competition in many areas of technology growing, improvements in materials and associated processes are needed now more than ever, both to create the new products and jobs of the future and to ensure that U.S. industry and military forces can compete and win in the international arena. The Federal Government has invested in materials research and development (R&D) for nearly a century, helping to lay the foundation for many of the best commercial products and military components used today. But while the United States has led the world in the science and development of advanced materials, it often has lagged in commercializing them. This long-standing hurdle must be overcome now if the nation is to maintain its leadership in materials R&D and the many technologies that depend on it. The Administration therefore seeks to foster commercialization of state-of-the-art materials for both commercial and military use, as a means of promoting US industrial competitiveness as well as the procurement of advanced military and space systems and other products at affordable costs. The Federal R&D effort in Fiscal Year 1994 for materials science and technology is an estimated $2123.7 million. It includes the ongoing R&D base that support the missions of nine Federal departments and agencies, increased strategic investment to overcome obstacles to commercialization of advanced materials technologies, interagency cooperation in R&D areas of mutual benefit to leverage assets and eliminate duplicative work, cost-shared research with industrial and academic partners in critical precompetitive technology areas, and international cooperation on selected R&D topics with assured benefits for the United States. The materials R&D program also supports the Administration's specific technological objectives, emphasizing development of affordable, high-performance commercial and military aircraft; ultra-fuel-efficient, low-emissions automobiles that are also safe and comfortable; powerful yet inexpensive electronic systems; environmentally safe products and processes; and a durable building and transportation infrastructure.

None

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

149802 149802 , 1291 (2007); 318 Science et al. L. Ozyuzer, Superconductors Emission of Coherent THz Radiation from www.sciencemag.org (this information is current as of November 29, 2007 ): The following resources related to this article are available online at http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291 version of this article at: including high-resolution figures, can be found in the online Updated information and services, http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291/DC1 can be found at: Supporting Online Material found at: can be related to this article A list of selected additional articles on the Science Web sites http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291#related-content http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/318/5854/1291#otherarticles

350

Chemistry {ampersand} Materials Science program report, Weapons Resarch and Development and Laboratory Directed Research and Development FY96  

SciTech Connect

This report is the annual progress report for the Chemistry Materials Science Program: Weapons Research and Development and Laboratory Directed Research and Development. Twenty-one projects are described separately by their principal investigators.

Chase, L.

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

SUPPORTING SAFE STORAGE OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING MATERIALS THROUGH SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND SURVEILLANCE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Reductions in the size of the U. S. nuclear weapons arsenal resulted in the need to store large quantities of plutonium-bearing metals and oxides for prolonged periods of time. To assure that the excess plutonium from the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites was stored in a safe and environmentally friendly manner the plutonium-bearing materials are stabilized and packaged according to well developed criteria published as a DOE Standard. The packaged materials are stored in secure facilities and regular surveillance activities are conducted to assure continuing package integrity. The stabilization, packaging, storage and surveillance requirements were developed through extensive science and engineering activities including those related to: plutonium-environment interactions and container pressurization, corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, plutonium-container material interactions, loss of sealing capability and changes in heat transfer characteristics. This paper summarizes some of those activities and outlines ongoing science and engineering programs that assure continued safe and secure storage of the plutonium-bearing metals and oxides.

Dunn, K.; Chandler, G.; Gardner, C.; Louthan, M.; Mcclard, J.

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

352

Combined electrochemical/surface science investigations of Pt/Cr alloy electrodes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Chromium addition improves the performance of carbon-supported Pt electrodes for oxygen reduction in phosphoric acid fuel cells. To clarify the role of chromium and its chemical nature at the electrode surface, we have performed a combined electrochemical/surface science investigation of a series of bulk Pt/sub x/Cr/sub (1-x)/ alloys (0 less than or equal to x less than or equal to 1). In this paper we report the surface characterization of the starting electrodes by XPS, electrochemical results from cyclic voltammetry in 85% phosphoric acid, and post-electrochemical surface characterization. For Cr contents less than 40%, the electrodes were quite stable up to +1.6 V vs DHE. The surface Cr was largely oxidized to Cr/sup +3/ for surfaces at open circuit ad those exposed at potentials < +1.4 V. For intermediate Cr levels, Cr was leached from the surface region by +1.5 V, leaving a porous Pt electrode with increased electrochemical hydrogen adsorption capacity. For Pt/sub 0.2//Cr/sub 0.8/, treatments at +1.4 V and above led to the appearance of Pt/sup 4 +/ and Cr/sup 6 +/ species, apparently stabilized in a porous phosphate overlayer up to 50 A thick. The Pt electrochemical hydrogen adsorption capacity was simultaneously increased by a factor of 15. 18 refs., 4 figs.

Daube, K.A.; Paffett, M.T.; Gottesfeld, S.; Campbell, C.T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Semiconductor Material...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Semiconductor Material & Device Sciences > Advanced Materials Sciences > Lasers, Optics & Remote Sensing Energy Sciences Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering...

354

Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes:MST-8:LANL:Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes (MST-8) in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes (MST-8) Home About Us MST Related Links Research Highlights Focus on Facilities MST e-News Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas MaRIE: Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes MST Division Home CONTACTS Group Leader, Anna Zurek Deputy Group Leader Ellen Cerreta Point of Contact Group Office 505-665-4735 He bubbles foming at a Cu twist grain boundary He bubbles forming at a Cu twist grain boundary Evaluating and predicting structure/property relationships Predict structure/property relationships of structural (metals, alloys, actinides, binders, energetic, and specialty) materials from atomistic to continuum length scales; Use computational materials modeling to inform and complement the measurements listed above;

355

SEY and Surface Analysis Measurements on FNAL Main Injector Ring S/S Beam Chamber Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Material was provided by Dr. Weiren Chou, FNAL. Both mildly-activated used, and new sections of stainless steel (type 316L) beam chamber were measured. Centimeter-sized coupons were cleanly dry-cut from the large flat surface (called ''flat side'' in the plots) and from the ID end (inside diameter of the ring, in the case of the used material) and narrow end (in the case of the new material). The unused material was ultra-soniced in acetone (to remove storage residue), then rinsed with ethanol and blown dry with filtered N{sub 2}-gas, to simulate new chamber installation final rinse. Used material was installed, as cut. Surface chemistry was measured using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (sometimes called ''ESCA''). With this technique, soft x-rays (1486 eV) illuminate the sample, penetrating into the surface ten microns. Photoelectrons are generated from energy levels of the constituent compounds/elements present. Those electrons, within 5 nm or so of the surface, escape without energy loss and preserve valence information about the atomic levels from which they were generated. An electron energy analyzer, of good energy resolution, measures the photoelectron energy, thereby yielding both valence (chemical) information and relative atomic abundances in the top 5 nm of surface. Using appropriate sensitivity factors, these intensities are converted to a semi-quantitative (surface atom %) concentration in the analyzed layer. As a benchmark, the limit for carbon contamination on vacuum components for UHV use at SLAC is 50 at%. That corresponds to about 8-10 monolayers of elemental carbon. XPS does not detect hydrogen because it has no electrons after bonding. Generally, hydrides do not show evidence of ''chemical shift'' of the binding energy of the metal lines.

Kirby, Robert E.; /SLAC

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

356

Enhancing the science return of Mars missions via sample preparation, robotic surface exploration and in orbit fuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The future of Mars exploration is challenging from multiple points of view. To enhance their science return, future surface probes will most likely be equipped with complex Sample Preparation And Transfer (SPAT) facilities. ...

Lamamy, Julien-Alexandre, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

An integrated method for material properties characterization based on pulsed laser generated surface acoustic waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel integrated method enabling the study of nano-structured materials is presented, which is based on the imaging and monitoring of the spatiotemporal evolution of short-pulse-laser-generated Surface Acoustic Waves (SAWs). The method combines a 3D ... Keywords: Dynamic laser interferometry, Finite Elements, Nano-acoustics, Nanostructures

Yannis Orphanos, Vasilis Dimitriou, Evaggelos Kaselouris, Efthimios Bakarezos, Nikolaos Vainos, Michael Tatarakis, Nektarios A. Papadogiannis

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Molecular Environmental Science Using Synchrotron Radiation: Chemistry and Physics of Waste Form Materials  

SciTech Connect

Production of defense-related nuclear materials has generated large volumes of complex chemical wastes containing a mixture of radionuclides. The disposition of these wastes requires conversion of the liquid and solid-phase components into durable, solid forms suitable for long-term immobilization. Specially formulated glass compositions and ceramics such as pyrochlores and apatites are the main candidates for these wastes. An important consideration linked to the durability of waste-form materials is the local structure around the waste components. Equally important is the local structure of constituents of the glass and ceramic host matrix. Knowledge of the structure in the waste-form host matrices is essential, prior to and subsequent to waste incorporation, to evaluate and develop improved waste-form compositions based on scientific considerations. This project used the soft-x-ray synchrotron-radiation-based technique of near-edge x-ray-absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) as a unique method for investigating oxidation states and structures of low-Z elemental constituents forming the backbones of glass and ceramic host matrices for waste-form materials. In addition, light metal ions in ceramic hosts, such as titanium, are also ideal for investigation by NEXAFS in the soft-x-ray region. Thus, one of the main objectives was to understand outstanding issues in waste-form science via NEXAFS investigations and to translate this understanding into better waste-form materials, followed by eventual capability to investigate “real” waste-form materials by the same methodology. We conducted several detailed structural investigations of both pyrochlore ceramic and borosilicate-glass materials during the project and developed improved capabilities at Beamline 6.3.1 of the Advanced Light Source (ALS) to perform the studies.

Lindle, Dennis W.

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

359

System and method for non-destructive evaluation of surface characteristics of a magnetic material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system and a related method for non-destructive evaluation of the surface characteristics of a magnetic material. The sample is excited by an alternating magnetic field. The field frequency, amplitude and offset are controlled according to a predetermined protocol. The Barkhausen response of the sample is detected for the various fields and offsets and is analyzed. The system produces information relating to the frequency content, the amplitude content, the average or RMS energy content, as well as count rate information, for each of the Barkhausen responses at each of the excitation levels applied during the protocol. That information provides a contiguous body of data, heretofore unavailable, which can be analyzed to deduce information about the surface characteristics of the material at various depths below the surface.

Jiles, David C. (Ames, IA); Sipahi, Levent B. (Ames, IA)

1994-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

360

Ultra-soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy: A bulk and surface probe of materials  

SciTech Connect

Direct comparisons between surface and bulk of diverse materials can be made by simultaneous electron yield (5 nm depth sensitivity) and fluorescence yield (200 nm) ultra soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements utilizing a rapid sample interchange apparatus. For example the orientations of functional groups have been characterized at and near the surface of a series of model polymeric materials highlighting the chemical and molecular sensitivity of ultra soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy. In addition we discuss a bulk sensitive use of fluorescence yield to non destructively study a buried metal polymer interface. A second bulk sensitive example is the use of fluorescence yield oxygen K near edge x-ray spectroscopy as a method to determine the hole state density of high Tc materials.

Fischer, D.A. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Mitchell, G.E.; Dekoven, B.M. [Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI (United States); Yeh, A.T.; Gland, J.L. [Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Moodenbaugh, A.R. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Ultra-soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy: A bulk and surface probe of materials  

SciTech Connect

Direct comparisons between surface and bulk of diverse materials can be made by simultaneous electron yield (5 nm depth sensitivity) and fluorescence yield (200 nm) ultra soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy measurements utilizing a rapid sample interchange apparatus. For example the orientations of functional groups have been characterized at and near the surface of a series of model polymeric materials highlighting the chemical and molecular sensitivity of ultra soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy. In addition we discuss a bulk sensitive use of fluorescence yield to non destructively study a buried metal polymer interface. A second bulk sensitive example is the use of fluorescence yield oxygen K near edge x-ray spectroscopy as a method to determine the hole state density of high Tc materials.

Fischer, D.A. (National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)); Mitchell, G.E.; Dekoven, B.M. (Dow Chemical Co., Midland, MI (United States)); Yeh, A.T.; Gland, J.L. (Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI (United States)); Moodenbaugh, A.R. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Yield criteria for quasibrittle and frictional materials: a generalization to surfaces with corners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Convexity of a yield function (or phase-transformation function) and its relations to convexity of the corresponding yield surface (or phase-transformation surface) is essential to the invention, definition and comparison with experiments of new yield (or phase-transformation) criteria. This issue was previously addressed only under the hypothesis of smoothness of the surface, but yield surfaces with corners (for instance, the Hill, Tresca or Coulomb-Mohr yield criteria) are known to be of fundamental importance in plasticity theory. The generalization of a proposition relating convexity of the function and the corresponding surface to nonsmooth yield and phase-transformation surfaces is provided in this paper, together with the (necessary to the proof) extension of a theorem on nonsmooth elastic potential functions. While the former of these generalizations is crucial for yield and phase-transformation condition, the latter may find applications for potential energy functions describing phase-transforming materials, or materials with discontinuous locking in tension, or contact of a body with a discrete elastic/frictional support.

Andrea Piccolroaz; Davide Bigoni

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

363

Development of Advanced Wear and Corrosion Resistant Systems Through Laser Surface Alloying and Materials Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser surfacing in the form of cladding, alloying, and modifications are gaining widespread use because of its ability to provide high deposition rates, low thermal distortion, and refined microstructure due to high solidification rates. Because of these advantages, laser surface alloying is considered a prime candidate for producing ultra-hard coatings through the establishment or in situ formation of composite structures. Therefore, a program was conducted by the Applied Research Laboratory, Pennsylvania State University and Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop the scientific and engineering basis for performing laser-based surface modifications involving the addition of hard particles, such as carbides, borides, and nitrides, within a metallic matrix for improved wear, fatigue, creep, and corrosion resistance. This has involved the development of advanced laser processing and simulation techniques, along with the refinement and application of these techniques for predicting and selecting materials and processing parameters for the creation of new surfaces having improved properties over current coating technologies. This program has also resulted in the formulation of process and material simulation tools capable of examining the potential for the formation and retention of composite coatings and deposits produced using laser processing techniques, as well as positive laboratory demonstrations in producing these coatings. In conjunction with the process simulation techniques, the application of computational thermodynamic and kinetic models to design laser surface alloying materials was demonstrated and resulted in a vast improvement in the formulation of materials used for producing composite coatings. The methodology was used to identify materials and to selectively modify microstructures for increasing hardness of deposits produced by the laser surface alloying process. Computational thermodynamic calculations indicated that it was possible to induce the precipitation of titanium carbonitrides during laser surface alloying provided there was sufficient amount of dissolved titanium, carbon, and nitrogen in the liquid steel. This was confirmed experimentally by using a powder mixture of 431-martensitic steel, titanium carbide powder, and nitrogen shielding, during laser deposition to produce deposits exhibiting relatively high hardness (average surface hardness of 724 HV). The same approach was extended to direct diode laser processing and similar microstructures were attained. The above analysis was extended to develop an in-situ precipitation of Ti(CN) during laser deposition. The Ti addition was achieving by mixing the 431 martensitic steel powders with ferro-titanium. The dissolution of nitrogen was achieved by using 100% nitrogen shielding gas, which was indicated by thermodynamic analysis. Demonstrations were also conducted utilizing the tools developed during the program and resulted in several viable composite coating systems being identified. This included the use of TiC and ferro-titanium in martensitic-grade stainless steel matrix material with and without the use of active N2 shielding gas, WC hard particles in a martensitic-grade stainless steel matrix material, WC and BN in a nickel-based matrix material, and WC in highly alloyed iron-based matrix. Although these demonstrations indicated the potential of forming composite coatings, in certain instances, the intended industrial applications involved unique requirements, such as coating of internal surfaces, which hindered the full development of the improved coating technology. However, it is believed that the addition of common hard particles, such as WC or TiC, to matrix material representing martensitic grades of stainless steel offer opportunities for improved performance at relatively low material cost.

R. P. Martukanitz and S. Babu

2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

364

Lithium-based surfaces controlling fusion plasma behavior at the plasma-material interface  

SciTech Connect

The plasma-material interface and its impact on the performance of magnetically confined thermonuclear fusion plasmas are considered to be one of the key scientific gaps in the realization of nuclear fusion power. At this interface, high particle and heat flux from the fusion plasma can limit the material's lifetime and reliability and therefore hinder operation of the fusion device. Lithium-based surfaces are now being used in major magnetic confinement fusion devices and have observed profound effects on plasma performance including enhanced confinement, suppression and control of edge localized modes (ELM), lower hydrogen recycling and impurity suppression. The critical spatial scale length of deuterium and helium particle interactions in lithium ranges between 5-100 nm depending on the incident particle energies at the edge and magnetic configuration. Lithium-based surfaces also range from liquid state to solid lithium coatings on a variety of substrates (e.g., graphite, stainless steel, refractory metal W/Mo/etc., or porous metal structures). Temperature-dependent effects from lithium-based surfaces as plasma facing components (PFC) include magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) instability issues related to liquid lithium, surface impurity, and deuterium retention issues, and anomalous physical sputtering increase at temperatures above lithium's melting point. The paper discusses the viability of lithium-based surfaces in future burning-plasma environments such as those found in ITER and DEMO-like fusion reactor devices.

Allain, Jean Paul; Taylor, Chase N. [School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, 400 Central Avenue, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

Argonne TDC: Physical Sciences  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

366

CRC handbook of laser science and technology. Volume 4. Optical materials, Part 2 - Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book examines the optical properties of laser materials. Topics considered include: fundamental properties; transmitting materials; crystals; glasses; plastics; filter materials; mirror and reflector materials; polarizer materials; special properties; linear electrooptic materials; magnetooptic materials; elastooptic materials; photorefractive materials; and liquid crystals.

Weber, M.J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Materials Characterization | Advanced Materials | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Characterization Nuclear Forensics Scanning Probes Related Research Materials Theory and Simulation Energy Frontier Research Centers Advanced Materials Home | Science &...

368

Solar-wind protons and heavy ions sputtering of lunar surface materials A.F. Barghouty a,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar-wind protons and heavy ions sputtering of lunar surface materials A.F. Barghouty a, , F Available online 21 December 2010 Keywords: Solar wind sputtering Lunar regolith KREEP soil Potential a c t Lunar surface materials are exposed to $1 keV/amu solar-wind protons and heavy ions on almost

369

Roughness and surface material effects on nucleate boiling heat transfer from cylindrical surfaces to refrigerants R-134a and R-123  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents results of an experimental investigation carried out to determine the effects of the surface roughness of different materials on nucleate boiling heat transfer of refrigerants R-134a and R-123. Experiments have been performed over cylindrical surfaces of copper, brass and stainless steel. Surfaces have been treated by different methods in order to obtain an average roughness, Ra, varying from 0.03 {mu}m to 10.5 {mu}m. Boiling curves at different reduced pressures have been raised as part of the investigation. The obtained results have shown significant effects of the surface material, with brass being the best performing and stainless steel the worst. Polished surfaces seem to present slightly better performance than the sand paper roughened. Boiling on very rough surfaces presents a peculiar behavior characterized by good thermal performance at low heat fluxes, the performance deteriorating at high heat fluxes with respect to smoother surfaces. (author)

Jabardo, Jose M. Saiz [Escuela Politecnica Superior, Universidad de la Coruna, Mendizabal s/n Esteiro, 15403 Ferrol, Coruna (Spain); Ribatski, Gherhardt; Stelute, Elvio [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Escola de Engenharia de Sao Carlos (EESC), University of Sao Paulo (USP), Av. Trabalhador Saocarlense 400 Centro, 13566-590 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

370

Investigation of anti-Relaxation coatings for alkali-metal vapor cells using surface science techniques  

SciTech Connect

Many technologies based on cells containing alkali-metal atomic vapor benefit from the use of antirelaxation surface coatings in order to preserve atomic spin polarization. In particular, paraffin has been used for this purpose for several decades and has been demonstrated to allow an atom to experience up to 10?000 collisions with the walls of its container without depolarizing, but the details of its operation remain poorly understood. We apply modern surface and bulk techniques to the study of paraffin coatings in order to characterize the properties that enable the effective preservation of alkali spin polarization. These methods include Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, atomic force microscopy, near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. We also compare the light-induced atomic desorption yields of several different paraffin materials. Experimental results include the determination that crystallinity of the coating material is unnecessary, and the detection of C=C double bonds present within a particular class of effective paraffin coatings. Further study should lead to the development of more robust paraffin antirelaxation coatings, as well as the design and synthesis of new classes of coating materials.

Seltzer, S. J.; Michalak, D. J.; Donaldson, M. H.; Balabas, M. V.; Barber, S. K.; Bernasek, S. L.; Bouchiat, M.-A.; Hexemer, A.; Hibberd, A. M.; Jackson Kimball, D. F.; Jaye, C.; Karaulanov, T.; Narducci, F. A.; Rangwala, S. A.; Robinson, H. G.; Shmakov, A. K.; Voronov, D. L.; Yashchuk, V. V.; Pines, A.; Budker, D.

2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

371

Using Light to Clean Up the Environment: Photocatalysis, Surface...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Using Light to Clean Up the Environment: Photocatalysis, Surface Science, Nanotechnology and Novel Materials for Environmental Protection Speaker(s): Alexander Orlov Date: March...

372

Surface science analysis of GaAs photocathodes following sustained electron beam delivery  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Degradation of the photocathode materials employed in photoinjectors represents a challenge for sustained operation of nuclear physics accelerators and high power Free Electron Lasers (FEL). Photocathode quantum efficiency (QE) degradation is due to residual gasses in the electron source vacuum system being ionized and accelerated back to the photocathode. These investigations are a first attempt to characterize the nature of the photocathode degradation, and employ multiple surface and bulk analysis techniques to investigate damage mechanisms including sputtering of the Cs-oxidant surface monolayer, other surface chemistry effects, and ion implantation. Surface and bulk analysis studies were conducted on two GaAs photocathodes, which were removed from the JLab FEL DC photoemission gun after delivering electron beam, and two control samples. The analysis techniques include Helium Ion Microscopy (HIM), Rutherford Backscattering Spectrometry (RBS), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (SIMS). In addition, two high-polarization strained superlattice GaAs photocathode samples, one removed from the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) photoinjector and one unused, were also analyzed using Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and SIMS. It was found that heat cleaning the FEL GaAs wafer introduces surface roughness, which seems to be reduced by prolonged use. The bulk GaAs samples retained a fairly well organized crystalline structure after delivering beam but shows evidence of Cs depletion on the surface. Within the precision of the SIMS and RBS measurements the data showed no indication of hydrogen implantation or lattice damage from ion back bombardment in the bulk GaAs wafers. In contrast, SIMS and TEM measurements of the strained superlattice photocathode show clear crystal damage in the wafer from ion back bombardment.

Carlos Hernandez-Garcia, Fay Hannon, Marcy Stutzman, V. Shutthanandan, Z. Zhu, M. Nandasri, S. V. Kuchibhatla, S. Thevuthasan, W. P. Hess

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

V W X Y Z V W X Y Z Vaandrager, Frits (Frits Vaandrager) - Institute for Computing and Information Sciences, Radboud Universiteit Vadhan, Salil (Salil Vadhan) - Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University Vahdat, Amin (Amin Vahdat) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California at San Diego Vahid, Frank (Frank Vahid) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of California at Riverside Vaidyanathan, Ramachandran "Vaidy" (Ramachandran "Vaidy" Vaidyanathan) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Louisiana State University Vajnovszki, Vincent (Vincent Vajnovszki) - Laboratoire Electronique, Informatique et Image, Université de Bourgogne

374

Nuclear reactor and materials science research: Technical report, May 1, 1985-September 30, 1986  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Throughout the 17-month period of its grant, May 1, 1985-September 30, 1986, the MIT Research Reactor (MITR-II) was operated in support of research and academic programs in the physical and life sciences and in related engineering fields. The reactor was operated 4115 hours during FY 1986 and for 6080 hours during the entire 17-month period, an average of 82 hours per week. Utilization of the reactor during that period may be classified as follows: neutron beam tube research; nuclear materials research and development; radiochemistry and trace analysis; nuclear medicine; radiation health physics; computer control of reactors; dose reduction in nuclear power reactors; reactor irradiations and services for groups outside MIT; MIT Research Reactor. Data on the above utilization for FY 1986 show that the MIT Nuclear Reactor Laboratory (NRL) engaged in joint activities with nine academic departments and interdepartmental laboratories at MIT, the Charles Stark Draper Laboratory in Cambridge, and 22 other universities and nonprofit research institutions, such as teaching hospitals.

Not Available

1987-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

375

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Y Z Y Z Xi, Hongwei (Hongwei Xi) - Department of Computer Science, Boston University Xia, Ge "Frank" (Ge "Frank" Xia) - Department of Computer Science, Lafayette College Xia, Xiang-Gen (Xiang-Gen Xia) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware Xiang, Yang (Yang Xiang) - Department of Computing and Information Science, University of Guelph Xiao, Bin (Bin Xiao) - Department of Computing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University Xiao, Jing (Jing Xiao) - Department of Computer Science, University of North Carolina at Charlotte Xiao, Li (Li Xiao) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Michigan State University Xie, Fei (Fei Xie) - Department of Computer Science, Portland State University Xie, Geoffrey (Geoffrey Xie) - Department of Computer Science, Naval

376

Surface Modification of Fuel Cladding Materials with Integral Fuel BUrnable Absorber Boron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Integral fuel burnable absorgers (IFBA) are added to some rods in the fuel assembly to counteract excessive reactivity. These IFBA elements (usually boron or gadolinium) are presently incorporated in the U)2 pellets either by mixing in the pellets or as coatings on the pellet surface. In either case, the incorporation of ifba into the fuel has to be performed in a nuclear-regulated facility that is physically separated from the main plant. These operations tend to be costly and can add from 20 to 30% to the manufacturing cost of the fuel. The goal of this NEER research project was to develop an alternative approach that involves incorporation of IFBA element boron at the surface of the fuel cladding material.

Dr. Kumar Sridharan; Dr. Todd Allen; Jesse Gudmundson; Benjamin Maier

2008-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

377

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

H I J K L M N O P Q R S H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Gabbard, Joseph L. (Joseph L. Gabbard) - Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech Gabor, Adriana (Adriana Gabor) - Wiskunde en Informatica, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven Gaborit, Philippe (Philippe Gaborit) - Département Maths Informatique, Université de Limoges Gaborski, Roger S. (Roger S. Gaborski) - Department of Computer Science, Rochester Institute of Technology Gabow, Harold (Harold Gabow) - Department of Computer Science, University of Colorado at Boulder Gabriel, Edgar (Edgar Gabriel) - Department of Computer Science, University of Houston Gacek, Andrew (Andrew Gacek) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota Gacs, Peter (Peter Gacs) - Department of Computer Science, Boston

378

X-ray science taps bug biology to design better materials and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Reports Summer Science Writing Internship Caddiesflies spin an adhesive silk underwater to build nets to capture food and build protective shelter. Pictured is that silk...

379

Synthesis of Novel Polypeptide-Silica Hybrid Materials through Surface-Initiated N-carboxyanhydride Polymerization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is an increasing demand for materials that are physically robust, easily recovered, and able to perform a wide variety of chemical functions. By combining hard and soft matter synergistically, organic-inorganic hybrid materials are potentially useful for a number of applications (e.g. catalysis, separations, sensing). In this respect, organic/ordered mesoporous silica (OMS) hybrids have attracted considerable attention, with an increasing emphasis on complex organic moieties achieved through multi-step reactions and polymerizations. It is on this front that we have focused our work, specifically in regard to polypeptides. Polypeptides are well suited organic components for hybrids as they provide a wide range of possible side chain chemistries (NH2, -SH, -COOH, -OH, etc.), chirality, and have conformations that are known to be responsive to external stimuli (pH, electrolytes, solvents, etc.). Our work has shown that N-carboxyanhydride chemistry offers a facile single step approach to the incorporation of dense polypeptide brushes in OMS. Modifying the initiator loading, pore size, pore topology, and monomer identity significantly impacted the properties of the obtained composites and peptide brush layers. Extending this work, a synthesis paradigm for preferentially grafting poly-L-lysine to the external and internal surfaces of SBA-15, a widely used OMS material, was developed. We observed that the pores of these hybrids could be opened and closed by the reversible swelling of the polypeptide layer. Similarly, novel bifunctional hybrids were synthesized by grafting polypeptides to the external surface of monodisperse OMS spheres that contain a thiol-functionalized core. The accessibility of the internal thiols to a fluorescent dye shows the potential of these hybrids for applications such as controlled uptake/release.

Lunn, Jonathan D.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Materials Performance Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Kinetics Staff; Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Materials Performance ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

J K L M N O P Q R S J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Iacono, John (John Iacono) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Polytechnic Institute of New York University Iamnitchi, Adriana (Adriana Iamnitchi) - Computer Science and Engineering, University of South Florida Iannone, Luigi (Luigi Iannone) - Institut Deutsche Telekom Laboratories, Technische Universität Berlin Ìayr, Richard (Richard Ìayr) - School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh Ibarra, Louis (Louis Ibarra) - School of Computer Science, Telecommunications and Information Systems, DePaul University Ichimura, Naoyuki (Naoyuki Ichimura) - Neuroscience Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) Ide, Nancy (Nancy Ide) - Department of Computer Science, Vassar

382

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

N O P Q R S N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ma, Bin (Bin Ma) - School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo Ma, Jinwen (Jinwen Ma) - School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University Ma, Kwan-Liu (Kwan-Liu Ma) - Institute for Ultra-Scale Visualization & Department of Computer Science, University of California, Davis Ma, Qing (Qing Ma) - Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Ryukoku University Ma, Xiaosong (Xiaosong Ma) - Center for High Performance Simulation & Department of Computer Science, North Carolina State University Ma, Yi (Yi Ma) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Maass, Wolfgang (Wolfgang Maass) - Institute for Theoretical Computer Science, Technische Universität Graz

383

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

P Q R S P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ó Conaire, Ciarán (Ciarán Ó Conaire) - Centre for Digital Video Processing, University College Dublin O'Boyle, Michael (Michael O'Boyle) - School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh O'Brien, James F. (James F. O'Brien) - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California at Berkeley O'Connell, Tom (Tom O'Connell) - Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Skidmore College O'Connor, Rory (Rory O'Connor) - School of Computing, Dublin City University O'Donnell, John (John O'Donnell) - Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow O'Donnell, Michael J. (Michael J. O'Donnell) - Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago O'Donnell, Ryan (Ryan O'Donnell) - School of Computer Science,

384

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Babai, László (László Babai) - Departments of Computer Science & Mathematics, University of Chicago Babaoglu, Ozalp (Ozalp Babaoglu) - Dipartimento di Informatica: Scienza e Ingegneria, Università di Bologna Bacardit, Jaume (Jaume Bacardit) - School of Computer Science, University of Nottingham Bacchus, Fahiem (Fahiem Bacchus) - Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto Bach, Francis (Francis Bach) - Département d'Informatique, École Normale Supérieure Bachmat, Eitan (Eitan Bachmat) - Department of Computer Science, Ben-Gurion University Back, Godmar (Godmar Back) - Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech Back, Jonathan (Jonathan Back) - UCL Interaction Centre, University

385

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

X Y Z X Y Z Wachsmut, Ipke (Ipke Wachsmut) - Technischen Fakultät, Universität Bielefeld Wactlar, Howard D. (Howard D. Wactlar) - School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University Wadler, Philip (Philip Wadler) - School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh Waern, Annika (Annika Waern) - Human-Computer Interaction and Language Engineering Laboratory, Swedish Institute of Computer Science Wagner, Alan (Alan Wagner) - Department of Computer Science, University of British Columbia Wagner, David (David Wagner) - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California at Berkeley Wagner, Flávio Rech (Flávio Rech Wagner) - Instituto de Informática, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Wagner, Paul J. (Paul J. Wagner) - Department of Computer Science,

386

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Go to Research Groups Preprints Provided by Individual Scientists: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Aalst, W.M.P.van der (W.M.P.van der Aalst) - Wiskunde en Informatica, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven Aamodt, Agnar (Agnar Aamodt) - Department of Computer and Information Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology Aamodt, Tor (Tor Aamodt) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of British Columbia Aardal, Karen (Karen Aardal) - Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica Aaronson, Scott (Scott Aaronson) - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Aazhang, Behnaam (Behnaam Aazhang) - Department of Electrical and

387

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

K L M N O P Q R S K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Jaakkola, Tommi S. (Tommi S. Jaakkola) - Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory & Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Jackson, Daniel (Daniel Jackson) - Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Jackson, Jeffrey (Jeffrey Jackson) - Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Duquesne University Jackson, Paul (Paul Jackson) - School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh Jacob, Bruce (Bruce Jacob) - Institute for Advanced Computer Studies & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland at College Park Jacob, Christian (Christian Jacob) - Department of Computer Science,

388

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Eager, Derek (Derek Eager) - Department of Computer Science, University of Saskatchewan Easterbrook, Steve (Steve Easterbrook) - Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto Eberle, William (William Eberle) - Department of Computer Science, Tennessee Technological University Eberlein, Armin (Armin Eberlein) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Calgary Ebert, David S. (David S. Ebert) - School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University Ebert, Todd (Todd Ebert) - Department of Computer Engineering and Computer Science, California State University, Long Beach Ebnenasir, Ali (Ali Ebnenasir) - Department of Computer Science, Michigan Technological University

389

A Paradigm for the Integration of Biology in Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2010 ... Recent advances in biological and biomedical materials are explored as a ... and , closer to home, the intersection of materials and biology.

390

Atomistic Simulations of Bonding, Thermodynamics, and Surface Passivation in Nanoscale Solid Propellant Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering new solid propellant materials requires optimization of several factors, to include energy density, burn rate, sensitivity, and environmental impact. Equally important is the need for materials that will maintain their mechanical properties and thermal stability during long periods of storage. The nanoscale materials considered in this dissertation are proposed metal additives that may enhance energy density and improve combustion in a composite rocket motor. Density Functional Theory methods are used to determine cluster geometries, bond strengths, and energy densities. The ground-state geometries and electron affinities (EAs) for MnxO?: x = 3, 4, y = 1, 2 clusters were calculated with GGA, and estimates for the vertical detachment energies compare well with experimental results. It was found that the presence of oxygen influences the overall cluster moment and spin configuration, stabilizing ferrimagnetic and antiferromagnetic isomers. The calculated EAs range from 1.29-1.84 eV, which is considerably lower than the 3.0-5.0 eV EAs characteristic of current propellant oxidizers. Their use as solid propellant additives is limited. The structures and bonding of a range of Al-cyclopentadienyl cluster compounds were studied with multilayer quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM:MM) methods. The organometallic Al-ligand bonds are generally 55-85 kcal/mol and are much stronger than Al-Al interactions. This suggests that thermal decomposition in these clusters will proceed via the loss of surface metal-ligand units. The energy density of the large clusters is calculated to be nearly 60% that of pure aluminum. These organometallic cluster systems may provide a route to extremely rapid Al combustion in solid rocket motors. Lastly, the properties of COOH-terminated passivating agents were modeled with the GPW method. It is confirmed that fluorinated polymers bind to both Al(111) and Al(100) at two Al surface sites. The oligomers HCOOH, CH3CH2COOH, and CF3CF2COOH chemisorb onto Al(111) with adsorption energies of 10-45 kcal/mol. The preferred contact angle for the organic chains is 65-85 degrees, and adsorption energy weakens slightly with increasing chain length. Despite their relatively weak adsorption energies, fluorinated polymers have elevated melting temperatures, making them good passivation materials for micron-scale Al fuel particles.

Williams, Kristen

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Behavioral Sciences | ornl.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry Computational Engineering Computer Science Data Earth Sciences Energy Science Future Technology Knowledge Discovery Materials Mathematics National Security Systems...

392

Mathematical methods in material science and large scale optimization workshops: Final report, June 1, 1995-November 30, 1996  

SciTech Connect

The summer program in Large Scale Optimization concentrated largely on process engineering, aerospace engineering, inverse problems and optimal design, and molecular structure and protein folding. The program brought together application people, optimizers, and mathematicians with interest in learning about these topics. Three proceedings volumes are being prepared. The year in Materials Sciences deals with disordered media and percolation, phase transformations, composite materials, microstructure; topological and geometric methods as well as statistical mechanics approach to polymers (included were Monte Carlo simulation for polymers); miscellaneous other topics such as nonlinear optical material, particulate flow, and thin film. All these activities saw strong interaction among material scientists, mathematicians, physicists, and engineers. About 8 proceedings volumes are being prepared.

Friedman, A. [Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (United States). Inst. for Mathematics and Its Applications

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Proceedings of the 27th Ris International Symposium on Materials Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Plasma Research Department, ** Danish Polymer Centre, *** Materials Research Department, Frederiksborgvej

394

SUM 2013 Chemistry & Materials Science Workshop Sept. 17-18, 2013, USTC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nanofiber Electrode Materials: Asymmetric Supercapacitor with High Energy and Power Density, Lifeng Chen

Zhou, Yi-Feng

395

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

S S T U V W X Y Z Sabelfeld, Andrei (Andrei Sabelfeld) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology Saber, Eli (Eli Saber) - Department of Electrical Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology Saberi, Amin (Amin Saberi) - Institute for Computational and Mathematical Engineering, Stanford University Sabharwal, Ashutosh (Ashutosh Sabharwal) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Rice University Sabry, Amr (Amr Sabry) - Computer Science Department, Indiana University Sabuncu, Mert Rory (Mert Rory Sabuncu) - NMR Athinoula A. Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University Sadayappan, P. "Saday" (P. "Saday" Sadayappan) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Ohio State University

396

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Z Z Yaakobi, Eitan (Eitan Yaakobi) - Department of Electrical Engineering, California Institute of Technology Yacci, Michael (Michael Yacci) - Department of Information Technology, Rochester Institute of Technology Yacef, Kalina (Kalina Yacef) - School of Information Technologies, University of Sydney Yacoob, Yaser (Yaser Yacoob) - Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, University of Maryland at College Park Yakovenko, Sergei (Sergei Yakovenko) - Department of Mathematics, Weizmann Institute of Science Yamamoto, Hitoshi (Hitoshi Yamamoto) - University of Electro-Communications Yamamoto, Mikio (Mikio Yamamoto) - Department of Computer Science, University of Tsukuba Yamashita, Yoichi (Yoichi Yamashita) - Department of Computer Science, Ritsumeikan University

397

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

S S T U V W X Y Z Rabaey, Jan M. (Jan M. Rabaey) - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California at Berkeley Rabbah, Rodric (Rodric Rabbah) - Dynamic Optimization Group, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Rabbat, Michael (Michael Rabbat) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University Rabhi, Fethi A. (Fethi A. Rabhi) - School of Information Systems, Technology and Management, University of New South Wales Rabie, Tamer (Tamer Rabie) - College of Information Technology, United Arab Emirates University Rabinovich, Alexander (Alexander Rabinovich) - School of Computer Science, Tel Aviv University Rabinovich, Michael "Misha" (Michael "Misha" Rabinovich) - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, Case Western

398

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

G H I J K L M N O P Q R S G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Faber, Ted (Ted Faber) - Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California Fábián, Csaba I. (Csaba I. Fábián) - Institute of Mathematics, Eötvös Loránd University Fabrikant, Alex (Alex Fabrikant) - Department of Computer Science, Princeton University Fabrikant, Sara Irina (Sara Irina Fabrikant) - Department of Geography, Universität Zürich Faella, Marco (Marco Faella) - Computer Science Division, Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Università degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II" Fagg, Andrew H. (Andrew H. Fagg) - School of Computer Science, University of Oklahoma Fagin, Ron (Ron Fagin) - IBM Almaden Research Center Fahlman, Scott E. (Scott E. Fahlman) - Language Technologies

399

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Z Z Zabih, Ramin (Ramin Zabih) - Department of Computer Science, Cornell University Zabulis, Xenophon (Xenophon Zabulis) - Institute of Computer Science, Foundation of Research and Technology, Hellas Zacchiroli, Stefano (Stefano Zacchiroli) - Laboratoire Preuves, Programmes et Systèmes, Université Paris 7 - Denis Diderot Zachmann, Gabriel (Gabriel Zachmann) - Institut für Informatik, Technische Universität Clausthal Zadok, Erez (Erez Zadok) - Department of Computer Science, SUNY at Stony Brook Zaffalon, Marco (Marco Zaffalon) - Istituto Dalle Molle di Studi sull' Intelligenza Artificiale (IDSIA) Zahorian, Stephen A. (Stephen A. Zahorian) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, State University of New York at Binghamton Zahorjan, John (John Zahorjan) - Department of Computer Science and

400

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Q R S Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pace, Gordon J. (Gordon J. Pace) - Department of Computer Science, University of Malta Pach, János (János Pach) - Department of Mathematics, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University Padawitz, Peter (Peter Padawitz) - Fachbereich Informatik, Universität Dortmund Padgham, Lin (Lin Padgham) - School of Computer Science and Information Technology, RMIT University Padmanabhan, Venkata N. (Venkata N. Padmanabhan) - Microsoft Research Padó, Sebastian (Sebastian Padó) - Institut für Maschinelle Sprachverarbeitung, Universität Stuttgart Padua, David (David Padua) - Siebel Center for Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Paech, Barbara (Barbara Paech) - Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für

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401

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

V W X Y Z V W X Y Z Uçar, Bora (Bora Uçar) - Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon Uchiyama, Hiroyuki (Hiroyuki Uchiyama) - Department of Information and Computer Science, Kagoshima University Ucoluk, Gokturk (Gokturk Ucoluk) - Department of Computer Engineering, Middle East Technical University Ueda, Kazunori (Kazunori Ueda) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Waseda University Uhl, Andreas (Andreas Uhl) - Department of Computer Sciences, Universität Salzburg Uhlig, Steve (Steve Uhlig) - Institut Deutsche Telekom Laboratories, Technische Universität Berlin Uht, Augustus K. (Augustus K. Uht) - Department of Electrical, Computer, and Biomedical Engineering, University of Rhode Island Ulidowski, Irek (Irek Ulidowski) - Department of Computer Science,

402

Molecular environmental science using synchrotron radiation: Chemistry and physics of waste form materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

user facility operated by PNNL under support from the OfficeScience Program; DOE at PNNL, which is operated by Battellefor tetravalent actinides) from PNNL. Similar to the boron

Lindle, Dennis W.; Shuh, David K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Corrosion in Supercritical carbon Dioxide: Materials, Environmental Purity, Surface Treatments, and Flow Issues  

SciTech Connect

The supercritical CO{sub 2} Brayton cycle is gaining importance for power conversion in the Generation IV fast reactor system because of its high conversion efficiencies. When used in conjunction with a sodium fast reactor, the supercritical CO{sub 2} cycle offers additional safety advantages by eliminating potential sodium-water interactions that may occur in a steam cycle. In power conversion systems for Generation IV fast reactors, supercritical CO{sub 2} temperatures could be in the range of 30°C to 650°C, depending on the specific component in the system. Materials corrosion primarily at high temperatures will be an important issue. Therefore, the corrosion performance limits for materials at various temperatures must be established. The proposed research will have four objectives centered on addressing corrosion issues in a high-temperature supercritical CO{sub 2} environment: Task 1: Evaluation of corrosion performance of candidate alloys in high-purity supercritical CO{sub 2}: The following alloys will be tested: Ferritic-martensitic Steels NF616 and HCM12A, austenitic alloys Incoloy 800H and 347 stainless steel, and two advanced concept alloys, AFA (alumina forming austenitic) steel and MA754. Supercritical CO{sub 2} testing will be performed at 450°C, 550°C, and 650°C at a pressure of 20 MPa, in a test facility that is already in place at the proposing university. High purity CO{sub 2} (99.9998%) will be used for these tests. Task 2: Investigation of the effects of CO, H{sub 2}O, and O{sub 2} impurities in supercritical CO{sub 2} on corrosion: Impurities that will inevitably present in the CO{sub 2} will play a critical role in dictating the extent of corrosion and corrosion mechanisms. These effects must be understood to identify the level of CO{sub 2} chemistry control needed to maintain sufficient levels of purity to manage corrosion. The individual effects of important impurities CO, H{sub 2}O, and O{sub 2} will be investigated by adding them separately to high purity CO{sub 2}. Task 3: Evaluation of surface treatments on the corrosion performance of alloys in supercritical CO{sub 2}: Surface treatments can be very beneficial in improving corrosion resistance. Shot peening and yttrium and aluminum surface treatments will be investigated. Shot peening refines the surface grain sizes and promotes protective Cr-oxide layer formation. Both yttrium and aluminum form highly stable oxide layers (Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}), which can get incorporated in the growing Fe-oxide layer to form an impervious complex oxide to enhance corrosion resistance. Task 4: Study of flow-assisted corrosion of select alloys in supercritical CO{sub 2} under a selected set of test conditions: To study the effects of flow-assisted corrosion, tests will be conducted in a supercritical CO{sub 2} flow loop. An existing facility used for supercritical water flow studies at the proposing university will be modified for use in this task. The system is capable of flow velocities up to 10 m/s and can operate at temperatures and pressures of up to 650°C and 20 MPa, respectively. All above tasks will be performed in conjunction with detailed materials characterization and analysis using scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), x-ray diffraction (XRD), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) techniques, and weight change measurements. Inlet and outlet gas compositions will be monitored using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS).

Sridharan, Kumar; Anderson, Mark

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

404

Perspectives for Emerging Materials Professionals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 31, 2013 ... Materials Science and Engineering in the Canadian Oil Sands - Challenges & Opportunities · Materials Science and Engineering: The Gateway ...

405

A Paradigm for the Integration of Biology in Materials Science and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 5, 2010 ... Purdue Research Center Focuses on Computational Materi... New Study Examines Gender Barriers in STEM... UPCOMING TMS MEETINGS ...

406

Fusion Nuclear Science Facility-AT: A Material and Component Testing Device  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fusion Technology Facilities / Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Fusion Reactor Materials, Part A: Fusion Technology

C. P. C. Wong; V. S. Chan; A. M. Garofalo; R. Stambaugh; M. E. Sawan; R. Kurtz; B. Merrill

407

Polymers and Coatings:Materials Science & Technology, MST-7: Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polymers and Coatings (MST-7) Polymers and Coatings (MST-7) Home About Us MST Related Links Research Highlights Focus on Facilities MST e-News Experimental Physical Sciences Vistas MaRIE: Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes MST Division Home CONTACTS Polymers and Coatings Group Leader, Ross E. Muenchausen Deputy Group Leader Dominic S. Peterson Point of Contact, Group Office 505-667-6887 foam voids Foam Void Image Using X-ray Micro Tomography About MST Polymers and Coatings (MST-7) Our mission is to provide World-class design, fabrication, assembly, characterization, and field support for the wide range of targets in support of national science programs that include energy, nuclear weapons, conventional defense, industrial collaborations, nonproliferation, and the environment; Outstanding polymer science and engineering solutions in support of

408

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

O P Q R S O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Nachman, Iftach (Iftach Nachman) - Department of Molecular Genetics and Biochemistry, Tel Aviv University Nack, Frank (Frank Nack) - Research Institute Computer Science, Universiteit van Amsterdam Nadal, Jean-Pierre (Jean-Pierre Nadal) - Laboratoire de Physique Statistique, Département de Physique, École Normale Supérieure Nadathur, Gopalan (Gopalan Nadathur) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota Nadeau, David R. (David R. Nadeau) - San Diego Supercomputer Center, University of California at San Diego Nagpal, Radhika (Radhika Nagpal) - School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University Nagurney, Anna (Anna Nagurney) - Isenberg School of Management, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

409

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

H I J K L M N O P Q R S H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ha, Phuong H. (Phuong H. Ha) - Department of Computer Science, Universitetet i Tromsø Ha, Soonhoi (Soonhoi Ha) - School of Computer Science and Engineering, Seoul National University Haarslev, Volker (Volker Haarslev) - Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Concordia University Habash, Nizar (Nizar Habash) - Center for Computational Learning Systems, Columbia University Habel, Annegret (Annegret Habel) - Department für Informatik, Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg Habra, Naji (Naji Habra) - Faculté d'informatique, Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix Habrard, Amaury (Amaury Habrard) - Centre de Mathématiques et Informatique, Université de Provence Hachenberger, Peter (Peter Hachenberger) - Wiskunde en Informatica,

410

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

L M N O P Q R S L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Kaâniche, Mohamed (Mohamed Kaâniche) - Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes du CNRS Kaasbøll, Jens (Jens Kaasbøll) - Institutt for Informatikk, Universitetet i Oslo Kabal, Peter (Peter Kabal) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University Kaban, Ata (Ata Kaban) - School of Computer Science, University of Birmingham Kabanets, Valentine (Valentine Kabanets) - School of Computing Science, Simon Fraser University Kabanza, Froduald (Froduald Kabanza) - Département d'informatique, Université de Sherbrooke Kabara, Joseph (Joseph Kabara) - School of Information Sciences, University of Pittsburgh Kachroo, Pushkin (Pushkin Kachroo) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Nevada at Las Vegas

411

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

U V W X Y Z U V W X Y Z Ta-Shma, Amnon (Amnon Ta-Shma) - School of Computer Science, Tel Aviv University Tabatabaee, Vahid (Vahid Tabatabaee) - Department of Computer Science, University of Maryland at College Park Tacchella, Armando (Armando Tacchella) - Dipartimento di Informatica Sistemistica e Telematica, UniversitĂ  degli Studi di Genova Tachi, Susumu (Susumu Tachi) - Graduate School of Media Design, Keio University Tadepalli, Prasad (Prasad Tadepalli) - School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University Tadmor, Eitan (Eitan Tadmor) - Center for Scientific Computation and Mathematical Modeling & Department of Mathematics, University of Maryland at College Park Taft, Nina -Technicolor Palo Alt(aft, Nina -Technicolor Palo Al)to

412

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

M N O P Q R S M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z L'Ecuyer, Pierre (Pierre L'Ecuyer) - Département d'Informatique et recherche opérationnelle, Université de Montréal la Cour-Harbo, Anders (Anders la Cour-Harbo) - Department of Control Engineering, Aalborg University La Porta, Tom (Tom La Porta) - Networking and Security Research Center & Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Pennsylvania State University La, Richard J. (Richard J. La) - Institute for Systems Research & Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland at College Park Laadan, Oren (Oren Laadan) - Department of Computer Science, Columbia University Labahn, George (George Labahn) - School of Computer Science, University of Waterloo LaBean, Thomas H. (Thomas H. LaBean) - Department of Computer

413

Investigation of IAQ-Relevant Surface Chemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VOCs emitted by reactions of HVAC filters with ozone usingChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials HugoChemistry and Emissions on HVAC Filter Materials Authors:

Destaillats, Hugo

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

[Research at and operation of the material science x-ray absorption beamline (X-11) at the National Synchrotron Light Source]. Progress report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses three projects at the Material Science X-Ray Absorption Beamline. Topics discussed include: XAFS study of some titanium silicon and germanium compounds; initial XAS results of zirconium/silicon reactions; and low angle electron yield detector.

Not Available

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

(Research at and operation of the material science x-ray absorption beamline (X-11) at the National Synchrotron Light Source)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report discusses three projects at the Material Science X-Ray Absorption Beamline. Topics discussed include: XAFS study of some titanium silicon and germanium compounds; initial XAS results of zirconium/silicon reactions; and low angle electron yield detector.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Biology | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bioinformatics Nuclear Medicine Climate and Environment Systems Biology Computational Biology Chemistry Engineering Computer Science Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Materials...

417

Metals and ceramics division materials science program annual progress report for period ending June 30, 1980  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research progress is summarized concerning the structure of metals; deformation and mechanical properties; physical properties and transport phenomena; radiation effects; and engineering materials.

McHargue, C.J.

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

The Science of Sound: Examining the Role of Materials in Musical ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials are a hot topic in brass musical instruments: not so much because of scientific advances and innovations, but for quite the opposite reason. The debate ...

419

Earth and Atmospheric Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nuclear Forensics Climate & Environment Sensors and Measurements Chemical & Engineering Materials Computational Earth Science Systems Modeling Geographic Information Science and Technology Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Earth and Atmospheric Sciences SHARE Earth and Atmospheric Sciences At ORNL, we combine our capabilities in atmospheric science, computational science, and biological and environmental systems science to focus in the cross-disciplinary field of climate change science. We use computer models to improve climate change predications and to measure the impact of global warming on the cycling of chemicals in earth systems. Our Climate Change Science Institute uses models to explore connections among atmosphere,

420

Division Personnel - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

joined ANL in Material Sciences Division as a Senior Chemist. He is a Group Leader of the Energy Conversion and Storage Group. His major research interest is understanding surface...

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421

More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Biology Chemistry Engineering Computer Science Earth and Atmospheric Sciences Materials Science and Engineering Mathematics Physics ORNL wins six R&D 100s R&D Magazine recognizes...

422

Dynamic Processes in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science: Opportunities for UltraFast Transmission Electron Microscopy - Workshop Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes a 2011 workshop that addressed the potential role of rapid, time-resolved electron microscopy measurements in accelerating the solution of important scientific and technical problems. A series of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Academy of Science workshops have highlighted the critical role advanced research tools play in addressing scientific challenges relevant to biology, sustainable energy, and technologies that will fuel economic development without degrading our environment. Among the specific capability needs for advancing science and technology are tools that extract more detailed information in realistic environments (in situ or operando) at extreme conditions (pressure and temperature) and as a function of time (dynamic and time-dependent). One of the DOE workshops, Future Science Needs and Opportunities for Electron Scattering: Next Generation Instrumentation and Beyond, specifically addressed the importance of electron-based characterization methods for a wide range of energy-relevant Grand Scientific Challenges. Boosted by the electron optical advancement in the last decade, a diversity of in situ capabilities already is available in many laboratories. The obvious remaining major capability gap in electron microscopy is in the ability to make these direct in situ observations over a broad spectrum of fast (µs) to ultrafast (picosecond [ps] and faster) temporal regimes. In an effort to address current capability gaps, EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, organized an Ultrafast Electron Microscopy Workshop, held June 14-15, 2011, with the primary goal to identify the scientific needs that could be met by creating a facility capable of a strongly improved time resolution with integrated in situ capabilities. The workshop brought together more than 40 leading scientists involved in applying and/or advancing electron microscopy to address important scientific problems of relevance to DOE’s research mission. This workshop built on previous workshops and included three breakout sessions identifying scientific challenges in biology, biogeochemistry, catalysis, and materials science frontier areas of fundamental science that underpin energy and environmental science that would significantly benefit from ultrafast transmission electron microscopy (UTEM). In addition, the current status of time-resolved electron microscopy was examined, and the technologies that will enable future advances in spatio-temporal resolution were identified in a fourth breakout session.

Kabius, Bernd C.; Browning, Nigel D.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Diehl, Barbara L.; Stach, Eric A.

2012-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

423

SCience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

all all SCience Chicago Office Environment, Safety and Health Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual December 2012 ~5 {?JI-- l L-H1- I Roxanne E. Purucker, Manager Date SC-CH FRAM Revision 7 Office of Science - Chicago Office SC-CH Revision History TITLE: SC-CH Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual POINT OF CONTACT: Karl Moro SCMS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM: Environment, Safety and Health (ES&H) TO BE UPDATED: December 31, 2013 Revision Date Reason/Driver Description 5 Oct 10 Annual review and revision of the SC-CH ES&H Functions, Responsibilities, and Authorities Manual Changes were primarily made to address administrative and organizational changes and general improvement of text and presentation. I 6 Nov 11 Annual review and revision of

424

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z D'Ambrosio, Donato (Donato D'Ambrosio) - Dipartimento di Matematica, Università della Calabria d'Avila Garcez, Artur (Artur d'Avila Garcez) - School of Informatics, City University London D'Azevedo, Ed (Ed D'Azevedo) - Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory d'Inverno, Mark (Mark d'Inverno) - Department of Computing, Goldsmiths College, University of London D'Souza, Raissa (Raissa D'Souza) - Departments of Computer Science and Engineering and Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering , University of California, Davis da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues (Alberto Rodrigues da Silva) - Departamento de Engenharia Informática, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa da Silva, Paulo Pinheiro (Paulo Pinheiro da Silva) - Department of

425

Seventh BES (Basic Energy Sciences) catalysis and surface chemistry research conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research programs on catalysis and surface chemistry are presented. A total of fifty-seven topics are included. Areas of research include heterogeneous catalysis; catalysis in hydrogenation, desulfurization, gasification, and redox reactions; studies of surface properties and surface active sites; catalyst supports; chemical activation, deactivation; selectivity, chemical preparation; molecular structure studies; sorption and dissociation. Individual projects are processed separately for the data bases. (CBS)

Not Available

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Certified Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Prices and Certificates Ordering Information Training Categorical Exclusion Determinations News Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E: usdoe.nbl@ch.doe.gov Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page The U.S. Department of Energy, New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) provides Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) for use in nuclear and nuclear-related analytical measurement activities. NBL maintains a catalog which lists and describes the CRMs currently available to both governmental and private

427

Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Wisconsin-Madison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Materials for nuclear energy system, fission reactors, nuclear fuels, energy policy, sustainability & Engineering Nanomaterials growth and characterization; piezoelectric nanogenerators and piezotronics; photovoltaic and photoelectrochemical devices; nanomaterials for energy storage; nanoelectronics; nano

Evans, Paul G.

428

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS 17 (1998) 17231725 Computer simulation of powder compaction of spherical particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in material industries. A good example is the compaction of ceramic or metallic powders to make green com- cles. However, as most metallic and ceramic powder systems used in industry are polydispersed and can

Ekere, Ndy

429

Materials and Science in Sports (CD-ROM) TABLE OF CONTENTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fabrication of the Modern Golf Club [pp. 71-82] C.Shira and F.H.(Sam)Froes. String Materials Relatively Bown and Arrow Dynamics [pp. 83-93] Ihor Zanevskyy  ...

430

Mercury-Free Dissolution of Aluminum-Based Nuclear Material: From Basic Science to the Plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conditions were optimized for the first plant-scale dissolution of an aluminum-containing nuclear material without using mercury as a catalyst. This nuclear material was a homogeneous mixture of plutonium oxide and aluminum metal that had been compounded for use as the core matrix in Mark 42 nuclear fuel. Because this material had later failed plutonium distribution specifications, it was rejected for use in the fabrication of Mark 42 fuel tubes, and was stored at the Savannah River Site (SRS) awaiting disposition. This powder-like material was composed of a mixture of approximately 80 percent aluminum and 11 percent plutonium. Historically, aluminum-clad spent nuclear fuels [13] have been dissolved using a mercuric nitrate catalyst in a nitric acid (HNO3) solution to facilitate the dissolution of the bulk aluminum cladding. Developmental work at SRS indicated that the plutonium oxide/aluminum compounded matrix could be dissolved without mercury. Various mercury-free conditions were studied to evaluate the rate of dissolution of the Mark 42 compact material and to assess the corrosion rate to the stainless steel dissolver. The elimination of mercury from the dissolution process fit with waste minimization and industrial hygiene goals to reduce the use of mercury in the United States. The mercury-free dissolution technology was optimized for Mark 42 compact material in laboratory-scale tests, and successfully implemented at the plant.

Crooks, W.J. III

2003-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

431

X-ray spectro-microscopy of complex materials and surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detailed understanding of complex materials used in information technology requires the use of state-of-the-art experimental techniques that provide information on the electronic and magnetic properties of the materials. The increasing miniaturization ...

J. Stöhr; S. Anders

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Bioinspired Materials Design from Renewable Resources  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Bioinspired Materials Engineering. Presentation Title, Bioinspired Materials ...

433

Theoretical studies of surface reactions on metals and electronic materials. Final report, December 1, 1993--May 15, 1996  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to achieve accurate energetics for surface reactions, first-principles calculations are performed using a cluster embedding theory. The projects dealing with hydrocarbon reactions and CO adsorption and dissociation on nickel and iron address fundamental questions related to surface reactivity. The study of the dissociation of methane on a nickel surface containing an iron atom is relevant to the use of methane for synthesis of other hydrocarbons and to the general topic of alkane reactivity. Studies of oxygen and sulfur containing compounds are designed to aid in the interpretation of structural and spectroscopic experiments. Silicon surface studies focus on several questions related to chemical vapor deposition reactions and growth of electronic materials. In collaborative work with experimental groups at N.C. State developing diagnostic techniques for monitoring film growth, influences on second harmonic generation arising from chemical modifications of interfaces are explored. The project involving diamond growth explores factors that influence the bonding of carbon to nickel surfaces and surface reactions on carbon. Studies of defects produced by H atom migration in amorphous silicon are related to the degradation of the photovoltaic properties of this material on continued exposure to light.

Whitten, J.L.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

NREL: Energy Sciences - Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

thermodynamics of hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide Electron spin resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance X-ray diffraction Inductively coupled plasma analysis...

435

Materials Science Semiconductor Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... This project develops low-energy transmission electron diffraction, imaging, and ... Strain fields and phase distribution maps of indented Si ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

436

Journal of Hazardous Materials 179 (2010) 895900 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al. [7] showed that TCLP-Pb (toxicity characteristic leaching procedure) of the surface soil in a Florida shooting range exceeded USEPA hazardous waste criteria of 5 mg Pb L-1. The TCLP-Pb leachability rate (TCLP-Pb:total Pb) was controlled by lead carbonate precipi- tation/dissolution reactions in soils

Ma, Lena

437

Contacts | ORNL Neutron Sciences  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Points of Contact Science Points of Contact Name Research Area Doug Abernathy Wide Angular-Range Chopper Spectrometer (ARCS). Atomic-scale dynamics at thermal and epithermal energies Ke An Engineering Materials Diffractometer (VULCAN). Residual stress, deformation mechanism of materials, phase transitions/transformation, and in situ/operando neutron diffraction in material systems (e.g., working batteries). John Ankner Liquids Reflectometer (LR). Density profiles normal to the surface at liquid surfaces and liquid interfaces Bryan Chakoumakos Nuclear and magnetic crystal structure systematics and structure-property relationships among inorganic materials, powder and single-crystal neutron and x-ray diffraction methods Leighton Coates Macromolecular Neutron Diffractometer (MaNDi). Protein crystallography, biological structure and function

438

Department of Materials Science & Engineering Spring 2012 Assessing the Performance of Energy Efficient Housing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Energy Efficient Housing Overview Penn State's Department of Architecture partnered with the Union Country Housing Authority (UCHA) to create the Energy Efficient Housing Program (EEHP). A duplex was constructed and two homes were remodelled using energy efficient technologies and sustainable materials. UCHA

Demirel, Melik C.

439

Scientists Identify New Quaternary Materials for Solar Cell Absorbers (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Science  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research provides insight for exploring use of earth-abundant quaternary semiconductors for large-scale solar cell applications. For large-scale solar electricity generation, it is critical to find new material that is Earth abundant and easily manufactured. Previous experimental studies suggest that Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} could be a strong candidate absorber materials for large-scale thin-film solar cells due to its optimal bandgap, high adsorption coefficient, and ease of synthesis. However, due to the complicated nature of the quaternary compound, it is unclear whether other quaternary compounds have physical properties suitable for solar cell application. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Fudan University, and University College London have performed systematic searches of quaternary semiconductors using a sequential cation mutation method in which the material properties of the quaternary compounds can be derived and understood through the evolution from the binary, to ternary, and to quaternary compounds. The searches revealed that in addition to Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4}, Cu{sub 2}ZnGeSe{sub 4} and Cu{sub 2}ZnSnSe{sub 4} are also suitable quaternary materials for solar cell absorbers. Through the extensive study of defect and alloy properties of these materials, the researchers propose that to maximize solar cell performance, growth of Cu{sub 2}ZnSnS{sub 4} under Cu-poor/Zn-rich conditions will be optimal and the formation of Cu{sub 2}ZnSn(S,Se){sub 4} alloy will be beneficial in improving solar cell performance.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A visual inspection system for evaluating the interior surface of valve stems on material storage container tops  

SciTech Connect

A nondestructive inspection for evaluating the interior surface of the small diameter valve stems on material storage container tops was mandated. The specifications required that the interior surface of the valve stem have a surface finish of {number sign}16 or better. Conventional methods which utilizes mechanical stylus-type''surface analyzing equipment could not extend into the narrow 0.312 inch diameter by 1.5 inch deep hole (of the valve stem). A visual inspection system which exploits the capabilities of a high resolution fiberoptic borescope was designed and assembled to resolve this requirement. This paper discusses the design and inspection features of the aforementioned system and includes several illustrations of inspection results. 6 figs.

Pickett, C.A.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Reactor Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The reactor materials crosscut effort will enable the development of innovative and revolutionary materials and provide broad-based, modern materials science that will benefit all four DOE-NE...

442

Center for Nanoscale Materials Director Petford-Long chats with 'Science in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Press Releases Feature Stories In the News Experts Guide Media Contacts Social Media Photos Videos Fact Sheets, Brochures and Reports Summer Science Writing Internship Petford-Long (background, arms folded) looks on as a group of eighth-grade girls makes a trial run of their toy car - a car for which they built and installed a pulley transmission - during Argonne's 2012 "Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day." To view a larger version of the image, click on it. Petford-Long (background, arms folded) looks on as a group of eighth-grade girls makes a trial run of their toy car - a car for which they built and installed a pulley transmission - during Argonne's 2012 "Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day." To view a larger version of the image, click on it.

443

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Cabalar, Pedro (Pedro Cabalar) - Departamento de Computación, Universidade da Coruña Caballero, Juan (Juan Caballero) - Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies in Software Development Technologies (IMDEA Software Institute) Cabellos-Aparicio, Albert (Albert Cabellos-Aparicio) - Departament d'Arquitectura de Computadors, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Cachin, Christian (Christian Cachin) - IBM Zurich Research Laboratory Cadar, Cristian (Cristian Cadar) - Department of Computing, Imperial College, London Caduff, David (David Caduff) - Department of Geography, Universität Zürich Caesar, Matthew (Matthew Caesar) - Department of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

444

X-ray science taps bug biology to design better materials and reduce  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News News Press Releases Feature Stories In the News Experts Guide Media Contacts Social Media Photos Videos Fact Sheets, Brochures and Reports Summer Science Writing Internship Caddiesflies spin an adhesive silk underwater to build nets to capture food and build protective shelter. Pictured is that silk magnified. Courtesy: Bennett Addison. Click to enlarge. Caddiesflies spin an adhesive silk underwater to build nets to capture food and build protective shelter. Pictured is that silk magnified. Courtesy: Bennett Addison. Click to enlarge. "(Caddisfly silk) is really not much stronger than super glue, but try to put super glue in your bathtub without it ever getting a chance to dry," says Jeff Yarger, professor of chemistry, biochemistry and physics at Arizona State University. Courtesy: Bennett Addison. Click to enlarge.

445

Surface Science Opportunities in the Electronic Structure of ZnO (A Perspective on the Article, "Quantitative Analysis of Surface Donors in ZnO", by D.C. Look)  

SciTech Connect

ZnO is a wide-gap oxide semiconductor of considerable current interest for electronics, optoelectronics, and, possibly, semiconductor spintronics. Through selective electronic doping, ZnO can be a transparent conducting oxide [1], a UV light emitter [2,3], and, when alloyed with a few to several atomic percent of Co, Mn or other transition metals with unpaired d electrons, is squarely at the center of controversy in the field of high-Tc ferromagnetic semiconductors [4]. Despite this range of interests, fundamental aspects of electronic doping in ZnO remain poorly understood. For instance, theoretical calculations suggest that H at either interstitial or substitutional sites is responsible for the persistent n-type conductivity that frustrates efforts to achieve p-type behavior, an essential requirement for the fabrication of pn light emitting diodes and hole-mediated ferromagnetic coupling of Mn dopants [5,6]. Yet, experimental studies do not in general align with this prediction. Another interesting aspect of n-type conduction in ZnO is the appearance of a near-surface conducting channel that appears to be present in bulk crystals [7,8]. Although it has been a few years since the original observation of this phenomenon was described, detailed understanding is lacking. In this paper, David Look presents a transport study aimed at gaining insight into the phenomenon of near-surface conductivity in bulk ZnO. All samples investigated were unintentionally n-type, as is typical. The measured Hall data were interpreted using a two-layer conduction model based on standard charge balance equations. Look fit the temperature dependence of the electron mobility and carrier concentration and extracted the thicknesses of the surface conducting layer, which dominates at lower temperatures, for bulk crystals synthesized by different methods and marketed by different companies. By making reasonable assumptions about the surface acceptor density, the lower limit of the surface conducting layer thickness was extracted from the transport data. From a surface science perspective, two aspects of the investigation are of particular interest: (i) the donor concentration was enhanced by annealing in forming gas, which is 5% H2, and, (ii) despite relatively weak variation in the sheet carrier concentration, the surface conducting layer thickness (dsurf) varied from as large as 28 nm to as small as 1.5 nm, depending on the method of preparation and supplier. The ongoing exploration of this phenomenon begs for the kind of experiments that practitioners of surface, interface and thin-film science can readily conduct. In bulk crystals, is H doping really the cause? Answering this question represents a major challenge because the donor concentration is in the 1017-1018 cm-3 range. Determining the donor identity in this concentration range is a major experimental hurdle. How does dsurf depend on crystallographic orientation? How does the phenomenon depend on the extent of band bending? Does persistent photoconductivity come into play? Can the effect be modified by band bending modification via surface photovoltage effects? All of the above questions pertain to epitaxial films as well, but other questions also arise. How do the film thickness and strain state affect dsurf? Can the surface conduction effect be enhanced by judicious design and growth of quantum well structures made from ZnO, MgxZn1-xO, and/or CdxZn1-xO? Answering these and other questions that arise will expand our understanding of this fascinating and potentially important material, as well as pave the way for device applications.

Chambers, Scott A.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

0022--2461 1998 Chapman & Hall 2153 JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE 33 (1998) 2153 2163  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Stellite-6) were tested. A fully automatic welding laboratory was used for applying the weld alloys %) of the selected alloys Weld Co Ni Fe Cr C Other Stellite-6 Bal. 3 3 28--32 0.9--1.4 3.5--5.5W, 1.5Mo, 2Mn Ultimet, C-22, 316L SS, and Stellite-6 wrought materials to investigate the effect of mechanical prop- erties

DuPont, John N.

447

Developing grain boundary diagrams as a materials science tool: A case study of nickel-doped molybdenum  

SciTech Connect

Impurity-based, premelting-like, grain boundary (GB) ''phases'' (complexions) can form in alloys and influence sintering, creep, and microstructural development. Calculation of Phase Diagrams (CalPhaD) methods and Miedema-type statistical interfacial thermodynamic models are combined to forecast the formation and stability of subsolidus quasiliquid GB phases in binary alloys. This work supports a long-range scientific goal of developing ''GB (phase) diagrams'' as a new materials science tool to help controlling the materials fabrication processing and resultant materials properties. Using nickel-doped molybdenum as a model system, a type of GB diagram (called ''{lambda} diagram'') is computed to represent the temperature- and composition-dependent thermodynamic tendency for general GBs to disorder. Subsequently, controlled sintering experiments are conducted to estimate the GB diffusivity as a function of temperature and overall composition, and the experimental results correlate well with the computed GB diagram. Although they are not yet rigorous GB-phase diagrams with well-defined transition lines, the predictability and usefulness of such {lambda} diagrams are demonstrated. Related interfacial thermodynamic models and computational approaches are discussed.

Shi Xiaomeng; Luo Jian [School of Materials Science and Engineering, Center for Optical Materials Science and Engineering Technologies, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina 29634 (United States)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Wind tunnel simulation of wind effects and associated displacement hazards on flat surface construction materials such as plywood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accidents and hazards continue to plague the construction industry. One often overlooked hazard to workers is the potential for flying debris and materials during high winds. This research was designed to evaluate the wind velocity required to create such an airborne hazard with flat surface materials such as plywood. This research was developed to show select correlations between the wind velocity, lifting forces and the susceptibility to movement of large surface area flat sheets of construction material, specifically four feet by eight feet sheets of floordeck plywood weighing 107 pounds. It also examined and evaluated the correlation of a shape coefficient to movement of materials and wind velocities, so that calculations can be made to adequately predict the potential movement of these materials. This will allow construction supervisors to reasonably prepare for such anticipated conditions. The Texas A&M University low speed wind tunnel was used to place a ftffl-scale stack of plywood floor decking material with the air stream flowing over the stack until top sheet separated or lifted from the stack. Next, a half-scale model was placed in the test section of the tunnel with pressure ports attached to a high speed sampling transducer to measure the actual pressures at select velocities. This allowed for a correlation between the ftifl-scale data and the sampled data. Tests were performed for several front and side angles of the wind striking the edge surface of the materials. Velocities were used up to 60 miles per hour full-scale equivalent. The full-scale model achieved lift forces exceeding the material weight of 107 pounds at one orientation angle at a velocity just below 30 miles per hour. This was consistent with the half-scale test pressures for a similar orientation. Various orientations yielded different forces as was anticipated. From this information a pressure coefficient was developed which when applied with a safety factor allows for reasonable calculations to be made to determine potential hazards and adequately secure materials on any sites where large flat materials may be handled or stored.

Madeley, Jack T.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Nuclear Science at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Accelerator Science Accelerator Science Astrophysics Biological Sciences Chemistry & Materials Science Climate & Earth Science Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear Science Science Highlights NERSC Citations HPC Requirements Reviews Home » Science at NERSC » Nuclear Science Nuclear Science Experimental and theoretical nuclear research carried out at NERSC is driven by the quest for improving our understanding of the building blocks of matter. This includes discovering the origins of nuclei and identifying the forces that transform matter. Specific topics include: Nuclear astrophysics and the synthesis of nuclei in stars and elsewhere in the cosmos; Nuclear forces and quantum chromodynamics (QCD), the quantum field

450

Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Li(Ni{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}Mn{sub 0.4})O{sub 2} was investigated to understand the effect of replacement of the cobalt by aluminum on the structural and electrochemical properties. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was performed, utilizing a novel in situ electrochemical cell, specifically designed for long-term X-ray experiments. The cell was cycled at a moderate rate through a typical Li-ion battery operating voltage range. (1.0-4.7 V) XAS measurements were performed at different states of charge (SOC) during cycling, at the Ni, Co, and the Mn edges, revealing details about the response of the cathode to Li insertion and extraction processes. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) region of the spectra revealed the changes of bond distance and coordination number of Ni, Co, and Mn absorbers as a function of the SOC of the material. The oxidation states of the transition metals in the system are Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 3+}, and Mn{sup 4+} in the as-made material (fully discharged), while during charging the Ni{sup 2+} is oxidized to Ni{sup 4+} through an intermediate stage of Ni{sup 3+}, Co{sup 3+} is oxidized toward Co{sup 4+}, and Mn was found to be electrochemically inactive and remained as Mn{sup 4+}. The EXAFS results during cycling show that the Ni-O changes the most, followed by Co-O, and Mn-O varies the least. These measurements on this cathode material confirmed that the material retains its symmetry and good structural short-range order leading to the superior cycling reported earlier.

Rumble, C.; Conry, T.E.; Doeff, Marca; Cairns, Elton J.; Penner-Hahn, James E.; Deb, Aniruddha

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

451

4th-International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Science - Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The 4-th International Symposium on Ultrafast Surface Dynamics (UDS4) was held at the Telluride Summer Research Center on June 22-27, 2003. The International Organizing Committee consisting of Hrvoje Petek (USA), Xiaoyang Zhu (USA), Pedro Echenique (Spain) and Maki Kawai (Japan) brought together a total of 51 participants 16 of whom were from Europe, 10 from Japan, and 25 from the USA. The focus of the conference was on ultrafast electron or light induced processes at well-defined surfaces. Ultrafast surface dynamics concerns the transfer of charge and energy at solid surfaces on the femtosecond time scale. These processes govern rates of fundamental steps in surface reactions, interfacial electron transfer in molecular electronics, and relaxation in spin transport. Recent developments in femtosecond laser technology make it possible to measure by a variety of nonlinear optical techniques directly in the time domain the microscopic rates underlying these interfacial processes. Parallel progress in scanning probe microscopy makes it possible at a single molecular level to perform the vibrational and electronic spectroscopy measurements, to induce reactions with tunneling electrons, and to observe their outcome. There is no doubt that successful development in the field of ultrafast surface dynamics will contribute to many important disciplines.

Hrvoje Petek

2005-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

452

Effects of stabilization temperature on surface area and grain size of representative plutonium materials.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Calcination at 400-1000C is used throughout the Department of Energy (DOE) complex to stabilize plutonium material for transportation and storage . The objectives of this stabilization are to remove moisture and other potentially water-producing phases, and to ensure that readsorption will not occur before material is placed in welded containers .Such moisture may threaten the integrity of containers through pressurization with radiolytically generated hydrogen. It is also considered valuable to reduce the fine (respirable) fraction of the material to mitigate potential impact of accidents.

Boak, J. M. (Jeremy M.); Dale, D. J. (Deborah J.); Eller, P. G. (Phillip Gary)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Multiscale Modeling of Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 27, 2009 ... Parametric materials design integrating materials science, applied mechanics and quantum physics within a systems engineering framework ...

454

Magnetic Materials Staff  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials Science and Engineering Division Staff Directory; MML Organization. Contact. Magnetic Materials Group Robert Shull, Group Leader. ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

455

Radiation Shields Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Materials Solutions for the Nuclear Renaissance. Presentation Title, Radiation ...

456

Bioinspired Materials Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Conference Tools for Materials Science & Technology 2014 ... structured functional materials with improved and designed (piezo )electrical, magnetic, optical, ...

457

Effects of surface condition on the corrosion of candidate structural materials in a simulated HTGR-GT environment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A simulated high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) helium environment was used to study the effects of surface finish conditions on the subsequent elevated-temperature corrosion behavior of key candidate structural materials. The environment contained helium with 500 ..mu..atm H/sub 2//50 ..mu..atm CO/50 ..mu..atm CH/sub 4//<0.5 ..mu..atm H/sub 2/O at 900/sup 0/C with total test exposure durations of 3000 hours. Specimens with lapped, grit-blasted, pickled, and preoxidized surface conditions were studied. Materials tested included two cast superalloys, IN 100 and IN 713LC; one centrifugally cast high-temperature alloy, HK 40 one oxice-dispersion-strengthened alloy, Inconel MA 754; and three wrought high-temperature alloys, Hastelloy Alloy X, Inconel Alloy 617, and Alloy 800H.

Thompson, L.D.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Argonne TDC: Medical and Life Sciences Technologies  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

459

Chemical Science Technologies - Argonne TDC: Chemistry  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

460

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and antifouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer, preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine)dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy)silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "materials surface science" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and anti-fouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine) dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy) silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Argonne TDC: Materials Technologies Available for Licensing  

Emergency Response. Engineering. Environmental Research. Fuel Cells. Imaging Technology. Material Science. Nanotechnology. Physical Sciences. Sensor ...

463

Surface treated natural graphite as anode material for high-power Li-ion battery applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High power application of Li-ion battery in hybrid electrical vehicles requires low cost and safe cell materials. Among the various carbon anode materials used in lithium ion batteries, natural graphite shows the most promise with advantages in performance and cost. However, natural graphite is not compatible with propylene carbonate (PC)-based electrolytes, which have a lower melting point and improved safety characteristics. The problem with it is that the molecules of propylene carbonate intercalate with Li+ into graphite, and that frequently leads to the exfoliation of the graphite matrix.

Liu, J.; Vissers, D. R.; Amine, K.; Barsukov, I. V.; Henry, F.; Doniger, J.; Chemical Engineering; Superior Graphite Co.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Fundamentals of Porous Materials from Development to Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Frontiers of Materials Science: Fundamentals of Porous Materials from ...

465

Nuclear Sciences | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry Chemistry Advanced Materials Nuclear Forensics Climate & Environment Biology and Soft Matter Chemical and Engineering Materials Quantum Condensed Matter Computational Chemistry Nuclear Sciences More Science Home | Science & Discovery | More Science | Chemistry | Nuclear Sciences SHARE Nuclear Sciences In World War II's Manhattan Project, ORNL helped usher in the nuclear age. Today, laboratory scientists are leaders in using nuclear technologies and systems to improve human health; explore safer, more environmentally friendly power; and better understand the structure of matter. Thanks to its nuclear heritage, ORNL is a world leader in the production of isotopes for medical purposes and research. The lab's High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and Radiochemical Engineering Development Center (REDC)

466

Oxidation of carbon fiber surfaces for use as reinforcement in high-temperature cementitious material systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The interfacial bond characteristics between carbon fiber and a cement matrix, in high temperature fiber-reinforced cementitious composite systems, can be improved by the oxidative treatment of the fiber surfaces. Compositions and the process for producing the compositions are disclosed.

Sugama, Toshifumi (Mastic Beach, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Oxidation of carbon fiber surfaces for use as reinforcement in high-temperature cementitious material systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The interfacial bond characteristics between carbon fiber and a cement matrix, in high temperature fiber-reinforced cementitious composite systems, can be improved by the oxidative treatment of the fiber surfaces. Compositions and the process for producing the compositions are disclosed. 2 figs.

Sugama, Toshifumi.

1990-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

468

Molecular environmental science using synchrotron radiation:Chemistry and physics of waste form materials  

SciTech Connect

Production of defense-related nuclear materials has generated large volumes of complex chemical wastes containing a mixture of radionuclides. The disposition of these wastes requires conversion of the liquid and solid-phase components into durable, solid forms suitable for long-term immobilization [1]. Specially formulated glass compositions, many of which have been derived from glass developed for commercial purposes, and ceramics such as pyrochlores and apatites, will be the main recipients for these wastes. The performance characteristics of waste-form glasses and ceramics are largely determined by the loading capacity for the waste constituents (radioactive and non-radioactive) and the resultant chemical and radiation resistance of the waste-form package to leaching (durability). There are unique opportunities for the use of near-edge soft-x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy to investigate speciation of low-Z elements forming the backbone of waste-form glasses and ceramics. Although nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is the primary technique employed to obtain speciation information from low-Z elements in waste forms, NMR is incompatible with the metallic impurities contained in real waste and is thus limited to studies of idealized model systems. In contrast, NEXAFS can yield element-specific speciation information from glass constituents without sensitivity to paramagnetic species. Development and use of NEXAFS for eventual studies of real waste glasses has significant implications, especially for the low-Z elements comprising glass matrices [5-7]. The NEXAFS measurements were performed at Beamline 6.3.1, an entrance-slitless bend-magnet beamline operating from 200 eV to 2000 eV with a Hettrick-Underwood varied-line-space (VLS) grating monochromator, of the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at LBNL. Complete characterization and optimization of this beamline was conducted to enable high-performance measurements.

Lindle, Dennis W.; Shuh, David K.

2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

469

Materials Reliability Program: Effects of Surface Peening on the Inspectability of Nondestructive Evaluation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To study emerging component repair and mitigation techniques and their potential effects on applied nondestructive evaluation (NDE), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Materials Reliability Program inspection technical advisory committee funded a multiyear project, which began in 2010. This report investigates the effects of various peening processes on routine applications of NDE inspection techniques.BackgroundAn inspection plan will be part of ...

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

470

Scientists Identify New Family of Iron-Based Absorber Materials for Solar Cells (Fact Sheet), NREL Highlights, Science  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Use of Earth-abundant materials in solar absorber films is critical for expanding the reach of photovoltaic (PV) technologies. The use of Earth-abundant and inexpensive Fe in PV was proposed more than 25 years ago in the form of FeS{sub 2} pyrite - fool's gold. Unfortunately, the material has been plagued by performance problems that to this day are both persistent and not well understood. Researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Oregon State University, working collaboratively in the Center for Inverse Design, an Energy Frontier Research Center, have uncovered several new insights into the problems of FeS{sub 2}. They have used these advances to propose and implement design rules that can be used to identify new Fe-containing materials that can circumvent the limitations of FeS{sub 2} pyrite. The team has identified that it is the unavoidable metallic secondary phases and surface defects coexisting near the FeS{sub 2} thin-film surfaces and grain boundaries that limit its open-circuit voltage, rather than the S vacancies in the bulk, which has long been commonly assumed. The materials Fe{sub 2}SiS{sub 4} and Fe{sub 2}GeS{sub 4} hold considerable promise as PV absorbers. The ternary Si compound is especially attractive, as it contains three of the more abundant low-cost elements available today. The band gap (E{sub g} = 1.5 eV) from both theory and experiment is higher than those of c-Si and FeS{sub 2}, offering better absorption of the solar spectrum and potentially higher solar cell efficiencies. More importantly, these materials do not have metallic secondary phase problems as seen in FeS{sub 2}. High calculated formation energies of donor-type defects are consistent with p-type carriers in thin films and are prospects for high open-circuit voltages in cells.

Not Available

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

mathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publisher  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences publishersmathematical sciences

Calegari, Frank

472

Final Report Theoretical Studies of Surface Reactions on Metals and Electronic Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This proposal describes the proposed renewal of a theoretical research program on the structure and reactivity of molecules adsorbed on transition metal surfaces. A new direction of the work extends investigations to interfaces between solid surfaces, adsorbates and aqueous solutions and includes fundamental work on photoinduced electron transport into chemisorbed species and into solution. The goal is to discover practical ways to reduce water to hydrogen and oxygen using radiation comparable to that available in the solar spectrum. The work relates to two broad subject areas: photocatalytic processes and production of hydrogen from water. The objective is to obtain high quality solutions of the electronic structure of adsorbate-metal-surface-solution systems so as to allow activation barriers to be calculated and reaction mechanisms to be determined. An ab initio embedding formalism provides a route to the required accuracy. New theoretical methods developed during the previous grant period will be implemented in order to solve the large systems involved in this work. Included is the formulation of a correlation operator that is used to treat localized electron distributions such as ionic or regionally localized distributions. The correlation operator which is expressed as a two-particle projector is used in conjunction with configuration interaction.

Jerry L. Whitten

2012-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

473

LANL Virtual Center for Chemical Hydrogen Storage: Chemical Hydrogen Storage Using Ultra-high Surface Area Main Group Materials  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the project was to design and synthesize light element compounds and nanomaterials that will reversibly store molecular hydrogen for hydrogen storage materials. The primary targets investigated during the last year were amine and hydrogen terminated silicon (Si) nanoparticles, Si alloyed with lighter elements (carbon (C) and boron (B)) and boron nanoparticles. The large surface area of nanoparticles should facilitate a favorable weight to volume ratio, while the low molecular weight elements such as B, nitrogen (N), and Si exist in a variety of inexpensive and readily available precursors. Furthermore, small NPs of Si are nontoxic and non-corrosive. Insights gained from these studies will be applied toward the design and synthesis of hydrogen storage materials that meet the DOE 2010 hydrogen storage targets: cost, hydrogen capacity and reversibility. Two primary routes were explored for the production of nanoparticles smaller than 10 nm in diameter. The first was the reduction of the elemental halides to achieve nanomaterials with chloride surface termination that could subsequently be replaced with amine or hydrogen. The second was the reaction of alkali metal Si or Si alloys with ammonium halides to produce hydrogen capped nanomaterials. These materials were characterized via X-ray powder diffraction, TEM, FTIR, TG/DSC, and NMR spectroscopy.

Susan M. Kauzlarich; Phillip P. Power; Doinita Neiner; Alex Pickering; Eric Rivard; Bobby Ellis, T. M.; Atkins, A. Merrill; R. Wolf; Julia Wang

2010-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

474

Basic Research Needs for Materials Under Extreme Environments. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Materials Under Extreme Environments, June 11-13, 2007  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate the potential for developing revolutionary new materials that will meet demanding future energy requirements that expose materials to environmental extremes.

Wadsworth, J.; Crabtree, G. W.; Hemley, R. J.; Falcone, R.; Robertson, I.; Stringer, J.; Tortorelli, P.; Gray, G. T.; Nicol, M.; Lehr, J.; Tozer, S. W.; Diaz de la Rubia, T.; Fitzsimmons, T.; Vetrano, J. S.; Ashton, C. L.; Kitts, S.; Landson, C.; Campbell, B.; Gruzalski, G.; Stevens, D.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Research - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Research Research Groups in the Materials Science Division Condensed Matter Theory Carries out theoretical work on superconductivity, electronic structure and magnetism. Emerging Materials Emphasizes an integrated materials synthesis and science program that focuses on correlated electron transition metal oxides, chalcogenides with enhanced thermoelectric performance, and novel superconductors, including pnictides and cuprates. Energy Conversion and Storage The energy conversion and storage group focuses on charge-transfer processes, as well as the chemical environment in the vicinity of electrode surfaces. Magnetic Films Research to develop, characterize and investigate the properties of magnetic thin films and superlattices. Molecular Materials Synthesis and characterization of molecular materials that have novel

476

Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Clean Energy | More Science | ORNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

sciences, advanced materials, neutron sciences, nuclear sciences, and high-performance computing, and brings multidisciplinary teams together to address key issues. That...

478

Berkeley Lab Science Articles Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

History of the Laboratory Human Genome & DNA Research Life Sciences Materials Sciences Medical & Risk-related Research Nuclear Science Physics Reports on Distinguished Lecturers...

479

The Effects of Surface Chemistry on the Properties of Proteins Confined in Nano-porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The entrapment of proteins using the sol-gel route provides a means to retain its native properties and artificially reproduce the molecular crowding and confinement experienced by proteins in the cell allowing investigation of the physico-chemical and structural properties of biomolecules at the biotic/abiotic interface. The biomolecules are spatially separated and 'caged' in the gel structure but solutes can freely permeate the matrix. Thus, properties such as the folding of ensembles of individual molecules can be examined in the absence of aggregation effects that can occur in solution studies. Green fluorescent protein from Aequorea coerulescens was used as a model protein to examine the unfolding/re-folding properties of protein in silica gels. The recombinant protein was isolated and purified from Escherichia coli extracts by cell lysis, three-phase partitioning, dialysis, and anion exchange chromatography. The purity of the protein was greater than 90% as judged by SDS PAGE gel analysis. Sol-gels were synthesized using tetramethylorthosilicate (TMOS) in combination with, methyltrimethoxyorthosilane (MTMOS), ethyltrimethoxyorthosilane (ETMOS), 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES), and 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane (GPTMS). The acid induced denaturation and renaturation of GFP was analyzed by UV-visible, fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies. No renaturation was observed in gels that were made with TMOS only, and in the presence of APTES, MTMOS, and ETMOS. However, in gels that were made with GPTMS, the CD and UV-visible spectra indicated that the protein had refolded. The fluorescence emission spectrum indicated that approximately 20% of fluorescence had returned. This study highlights the importance of the surface chemistry of the silica gels for the refolding properties of the entrapped GFP. Future studies will investigate the effect of surface chemistry on the thermal and solvent stability of the entrapped protein.

Garrett, Latasha M [ORNL; O'Neill, Hugh Michael [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Materials Science Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Publications Archive Publications Archive Invited Articles, Book Chapters, Books Edited, Book Reviews Journal Articles Conference Proceedings Invited Articles, Book Chapters, Books Edited, Book Reviews K. A. Carrado, L. Xu, S. Seifert, R. Csencsits, C. A. A. Bloomquist, "Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites Derived from Polymer-Silicate Gels", Invited Book Chaper for Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites, G. Beall, T. J. Pinnavaia, eds., Wiley & Sons, UK 2000, chap. 3, pp. 47-63. M. L. Jenkins and M. A. Kirk, Characterization of Radiation Damage by Transmission Electron Microscopy, edited by B. Cantor, et al., Institute of Physics Publishing : Birstol, UK, pp. 1-224; (2001). K. Furuya, M. Song, K. Mitsuishi, R. C. Birtcher, C. W. Allen and S.E. Donnelly, "Direct Imaging for Atomic Structure of Xe Nanocrystals Embedded in

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481

Materials Science & Technology 2003  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MS&T '03 integrates and expands upon two seminal fall events: the ISS MECHANICAL WORKING AND STEEL PROCESSING CONFERENCE and the TMS ...

482

Materials Science & Technology Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is transforming the national laboratory. In the summer of 2007, work began on the nearly 200,000-square- foot security scientific capabilities, equipment, and staff displaced from accelerated cleanup of the Hanford enables PNNL scientists and engineers to create multidisciplinary teams that crosscut scientific platforms

483

Materials Science/Crystallography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... R.247 Hydrogen Adsorbed in Mesoporous Carbons Brown, C ... Physical and Chemical Mechanisms Responsible for Carbon Sequestration in Soil ...

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

484

Biological Materials Science Symposium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 31, 2012 ... An Investigation on the Structural Changes in Synthetic Enamel Mineral Using CW and Ultrafast Pulsed Near-IR Lasers · Antibacterial ...

485

Materials Science Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... workshop has several goals: A review of … more. ... Exhibits at 2012 ARPA-E Energy Innovation Summit ... The fourth annual event is designed to bring ...

2010-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

486