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Sample records for materials science complex

  1. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Materials Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Materials Physics and Applications» Materials Science and Technology» Institute for Materials Science» Materials Science Rob Dickerson uses a state-of-the-art transmission electron microscope at

  2. Institute for Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science Institute for Materials Science x

  3. Material Science and Nuclear Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Material Science and Nuclear Science Material Science and Nuclear Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. The Lab's four Science Pillars harness capabilities for solutions to threats- on national and global scales. Contact thumbnail of Business Development Business Development Richard P. Feynman Center for Innovation

  4. Materials Science and Technology

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MST Materials Science and Technology Providing world-leading, innovative, and agile materials science and technology solutions for national security missions. MST is metallurgy. The Materials Science and Technology Division provides scientific and technical leadership in materials science and technology for Los Alamos National Laboratory. READ MORE MST is engineered materials. The Materials Science and Technology Division provides scientific and technical leadership in materials science and

  5. Complex Materials

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Cooper, Valentino

    2014-05-23

    Valentino Cooper uses some of the world's most powerful computing to understand how materials work at subatomic levels, studying breakthroughs such as piezoelectrics, which convert mechanical stress to electrical energy.

  6. Materials Science Research | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Research For photovoltaics and other energy applications, NREL's primary research in materials science includes the following core competencies. A photo of laser light rays going in various directions atop a corrugated metal substrate Materials Physics Through materials growth and characterization, we seek to understand and control fundamental electronic and optical processes in semiconductors. An image of multiple, interconnecting red and blue particles Electronic Structure Theory We

  7. NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Photovoltaic Program and DOE Basic Energy Sciences Program. Materials Science. The Materials Science Group's research...

  8. Materials Discovery | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Discovery Images of red and yellow particles NREL's research in materials discovery serves as a foundation for technological progress in renewable energies. Our experimental activities in inorganic solid-state materials innovation span a broad range of technological readiness levels-from basic science through applied research to device development-relying on a high-throughput combinatorial materials science approach, followed by traditional targeted experiments. In addition, our researchers work

  9. Nuclear Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    16 Nuclear Materials Science Our multidisciplinary expertise comprises the core actinide materials science and metallurgical capability within the nuclear weapons production and surveillance communities. Contact Us Group Leader David Pugmire (acting) Email Group Office (505) 667-4665 The evaluations performed by our group are essential for the nuclear weapons program as well as nuclear materials storage, forensics, and actinide fundamental science. The evaluations performed by our group are

  10. Materials Science Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Materials Science Applications VASP VASP is a plane wave ab initio code for quantum mechanical molecular dynamics. It is highly scalable and shows very good parallel performance for a variety of chemical and materials science calculations. VASP is available to NERSC users who already have a VASP license. Read More » Quantum ESPRESSO/PWscf Quantum Espresso is an integrated suite of computer codes for electronic structure calculations and materials modeling at the nanoscale. It builds on

  11. Applications Solutions Science Predicting Materials Behavior

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Applications Solutions Science Predicting Materials Behavior Data Science at Scale Complex Networks Computational Co-Design Situational Awareness Energy Climate Interactions Science that Matters: Integrating Information, Science, and Technology for Prediction Implementation Plan v 3.0 February 2014 LA-UR-14-23474 Table of Contents Executive Summary ............................................................................................................ 1 Program Areas

  12. Research Staff | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research Staff Research staff members in NREL's Materials Science Center are aligned within four groups: Materials Physics, Analytical Microscopy and Imaging Science, Interfacial and Surface Science, and Thin-Film Materials Science and Processing. For lead researcher contacts, see our research areas. For our business contact, see Work with Us. Photo of Nancy Haegel Nancy Haegel Center Director, Materials Science Center Email | 303-384-6548 Materials Physics Photo of Angelo Mascarenhas Angelo

  13. Science Gateway: The Materials Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of pre-computed properties comprises some 35,000 materials, all accessible through a web-based NERSC Science Gateway: The Materials Project (https:materialsproject.org)....

  14. Materials Physics | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics A photo of laser light rays going in various directions atop a corrugated metal substrate In materials physics, NREL focuses on realizing materials that transcend the present constraints of photovoltaic (PV) and solid-state lighting technologies. Through materials growth and characterization, coupled with theoretical modeling, we seek to understand and control fundamental electronic and optical processes in semiconductors. Capabilities Optimizing New Materials An illustration showing

  15. Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 Jack Zhengji NERSC Training Event 09:00 - 12:00 PST June 26, 2012 Concurrently presented on the web and at NERSC's Oakland Scientific Facility Attendance: 45 Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Zhengji Zhao, NERSC User Services Group Jack Deslippe, NERSC User Services Group The first hour of the training is targeted at beginners. We will show you how to get started running material

  16. Materials Science Application Training 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science Application Training 2015 Materials Science Application Training 2015 NERSC will present an one-hour online training class focused on Materials Science applications, VASP and Quantum Espresso on June 5, 2015, Friday, from 10:00-11:00 PDT. This training class will be provided by NERSC consultants, Jack Deslippe and Zhengji Zhao. The targeted audience will be new to intermediate NERSC users who use the pre-installed VASP and QE at NERSC. The class will address the frequently

  17. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science employees and computer research Sandia excels in innovative fundamental materials science research - developing and integrating the theoretical insights,...

  18. Berkeley Lab - Materials Sciences Division

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    How to Train Your Bacterium Peidong Yang, a chemist with Berkeley Lab's Materials Sciences Division, and his researchers are using the bacterium Moorella thermoacetica to perform...

  19. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; CONTAMINATION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    audit of SRP radioactive waste Ashley, C. 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS; CONTAMINATION; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; HIGH-LEVEL...

  20. Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science Materials science worker Sandia materials scientists are creating scientifically tailored materials for U.S. energy applications and critical defense needs....

  1. SC e-journals, Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Materials Science Acta Materialia Advanced Composite Materials Advanced Energy Materials Advanced Engineering Materials Advanced Functional Materials Advanced Materials Advanced Powder Technology Advances in Materials Science and Engineering - OAJ Annual Review of Materials Research Applied Composite Materials Applied Mathematical Modelling Applied Mathematics & Computation Applied Physics A Applied Physics B Applied Surface Science Archives of Computational Materials Science and Surface

  2. Materials Science | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Materials Science Materials Science The unique internal construction of the gas-filled panels developed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California are as effective barriers to heat as its pink fibrous counterparts with less material in less space. <a href="http://energy.gov/articles/berkeley-labs-gas-filled-insulation-rivals-fiber-buildings-sector">Learn more about this cost-effective, energy-efficient insulation</a>. The unique internal construction of the

  3. Materials Sciences and Engineering

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences and Engineering - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced

  4. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    experimental, theoretical, and computational capabilities to establish the state of the art in materials science and technology. Materials science professionals at Sandia perform...

  5. Chemistry and Material Sciences Codes at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry and Material Sciences Codes Chemistry and Material Sciences Codes at NERSC April 6, 2011 Last edited: 2016-02-01 08:07:40

  6. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter January...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences and Panos Datskos of ORNL Measurement Science and Systems Engineering Division The technology, based on nonlinear nanomechanical resonators,...

  7. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Materials Science: Image...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    About Materials Science Research Image Gallery Video Gallery Facilities Nanodevices and Microsystems Radiation Effects and High Energy Density Science Research Image Gallery...

  8. Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-12-31

    This report is the Materials Sciences Division`s annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

  9. Materials Sciences Division 1990 annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    This report is the Materials Sciences Division's annual report. It contains abstracts describing materials research at the National Center for Electron Microscopy, and for research groups in metallurgy, solid-state physics, materials chemistry, electrochemical energy storage, electronic materials, surface science and catalysis, ceramic science, high tc superconductivity, polymers, composites, and high performance metals.

  10. NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Materials Science Staff

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Staff The Materials Science staff members at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory work within one of four groups: the Materials Physics Group, the Microscopy & Imaging Group, the Interfacial & Surface Science Group, and the Thin Film Material Science & Processing Group. Access the staff members' background, areas of expertise, and contact information below. Nancy Haegel Center Director Paula Robinson Administrative Professional Materials Physics Angelo Mascarenhas Group

  11. Materials and Fuels Complex Tour

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Miley, Don

    2013-05-28

    The Materials and Fuels Complex at Idaho National Laboratory is home to several facilities used for the research and development of nuclear fuels. Stops include the Fuel Conditioning Facility, the Hot Fuel Examination Facility (post-irradiation examination), and the Space and Security Power System Facility, where radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs) are assembled for deep space missions. You can learn more about INL research programs at http://www.facebook.com/idahonationallaboratory.

  12. Interfacial and Surface Science | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interfacial and Surface Science Image of irregular-outlined, light-colored shapes on a dark background. Represents a tapping-mode atomic force microscope image of gallium phosphide on silicon. NREL researchers have developed an integrated set of experimental capabilities to address a broad range of fundamental and applied issues in surface and interfacial science that are critical for advancing sustainable-energy technologies. Surface and interface phenomena often control the opto-electronic,

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Materials Science: About Us

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science Bioscience Computing and Information Science Electromagnetics Engineering Science Geoscience Materials Science About Materials Science Research Image Gallery Video Gallery Facilities Nanodevices and Microsystems Radiation Effects and High Energy Density Science Research About Materials Science Xunhu Dai Sandia excels in innovative fundamental materials science research - developing and integrating the theoretical insights, computational simulation tools and deliberate

  14. Materials sciences programs, Fiscal year 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-10-01

    The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in materials science topics important to the mission of the Department of Energy. The programmatic divisions under the Office of Basic Energy Sciences are Chemical Sciences, Engineering and Geosciences, and Energy Biosciences. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship among synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences subfields include: physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 517 research programs including 255 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 262 research grants (233 of which are at universities), and 29 Small Business Innovation Research Grants. Five cross-cutting indices located at the rear of this book identify all 517 programs according to principal investigator(s), materials, techniques, phenomena, and environment.

  15. Fusion materials science and technology research opportunities...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    the ITER era Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Fusion materials science and technology research opportunities now and during the ITER era Several high-priority...

  16. Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 L ast edited: 2015-12-11 16:11:02...

  17. Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 Last edited: 2016-02-01 08:06:38

  18. Bayer MaterialScience | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Leverkusen, Germany Website: www.bayermaterialscience.comi References: Bayer Material Science1 Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type...

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Click here to view Seminar archives Upcoming Events User Meeting - Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, August 10-12, 2016, Oak Ridge, TN view Past Events

  20. Richard Hennig > Associate ProfessorMaterials Science and Engineering...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    suitable for applications in various areas of science and engineering. Materials theory combines elements of materials science, physics, chemistry, and computer science...

  1. Materials sciences programs, fiscal year 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-04-01

    The Division of Materials Sciences is located within the DOE in the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. The Division of Materials Sciences is responsible for basic research and research facilities in strategic materials science topics of critical importance to the mission of the Department and its Strategic Plan. Materials Science is an enabling technology. The performance parameters, economics, environmental acceptability and safety of all energy generation, conversion, transmission and conservation technologies are limited by the properties and behavior of materials. The Materials Sciences programs develop scientific understanding of the synergistic relationship amongst the synthesis, processing, structure, properties, behavior, performance and other characteristics of materials. Emphasis is placed on the development of the capability to discover technologically, economically, and environmentally desirable new materials and processes, and the instruments and national user facilities necessary for achieving such progress. Materials Sciences sub-fields include physical metallurgy, ceramics, polymers, solid state and condensed matter physics, materials chemistry, surface science and related disciplines where the emphasis is on the science of materials. This report includes program descriptions for 458 research programs including 216 at 14 DOE National Laboratories, 242 research grants (233 for universities), and 9 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Grants. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the SBIR Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F contains descriptions of other user facilities; G, a summary of funding levels; and H, indices characterizing research projects.

  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter January...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD where I lead a project on Nanoparticle Assembly in Complex Fluids. Before joining NIST, I completed my Ph.D. in 2001 in Polymer Science and...

  3. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Conference 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meeting 2015: Planning CNMS Science for Its 2nd Decade with a UNIQUE ROUNDTABLE FORMAT Announcement REGISTRATION-Closed Call for Abstracts ABSTRACT SUBMISSION-Closed Venue & Access Important Dates Travel & Lodging Agenda Program Committee Contact Us CNMS Home The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and its User Executive Committee are pleased to announce the CNMS User Meeting on September 1-2, 2015 with the theme of "Planning CNMS Science

  4. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Strategic Plan

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Strategic Plan 2015-2019 October 2014 iii CONTENTS Page List of Figures ................................................................................................................................ iv Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................ v 1. The CNMS as Research and User Facility

  5. SECTION IV: ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND MATERIALS SCIENCE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ATOMIC, MOLECULAR AND MATERIALS SCIENCE A semiempirical scaling law for target K x-ray production in heavy ion collisions... IV-1 R. L. Watson, Y. Peng, V. Horvat, and A....

  6. Work with Us | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Work with Us We are eager to pursue materials science research with partners in industry, universities, and other organizations. Contact Us Photo of Nancy Haegel Nancy Haegel Center Director, Materials Science Center Email | 303-384-6548 For lead researcher contacts, see our research areas. To find research group managers or specific researchers, see our listing of research staff. Interested in Joining Our Team? Find an opportunity: Job | Internship | Post-doc Plan Your Visit Map to NREL Golden,

  7. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Edwin L. Thomas Dean of Engineering Professor of Materials Science and NanoEngineering Rice University - Houston, Texas Indistinguishable from Magic? (A Perspective on Some Aspects of Materials Research in the Next Decade) Tuesday, March 22, 2016 10am - 11am MSL Auditorium (TA-03 - Bldg 1698 - Room A103) Addressing multifunctional materials: The mighty electron, the cool photon and the lowly phonon...how waves in periodic materials lead to interesting properties. Problem Driven Research:

  8. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electronic and Ionic Functionality on the Nanoscale * Developing instrumentation and techniques to image and understand the functionality of nanoscale materials and interacting assemblies * Research on optoelectronic, ferroelectric, ionic and electronic transport, and catalytic phenomena at the nanoscale * Understand energy transfer at nanoscale interfaces Functional Polymer and Hybrid Architectures * Advancing our fundamental understanding of the links between polymer structure, property and

  9. Training April 5 - Material Science and Chemistry Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    April 5 Training April 5 - Material Science and Chemistry Applications March 9, 2011 by Francesca Verdier Training on "Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications" will be...

  10. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Scientific ...

  11. Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Presentation by 04-Adams to DOE Hydrogen...

  12. Panel 3 - material science (Conference) | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conference: Panel 3 - material science Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Panel 3 - material science You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE)...

  13. Materials Science and Technology Teachers Handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wieda, Karen J.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Bliss, Mary; Pitman, Stan G.; Eschbach, Eugene A.

    2008-09-04

    The Materials Science and Technology (MST) Handbook was developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, in Richland, Washington, under support from the U.S. Department of Energy. Many individuals have been involved in writing and reviewing materials for this project since it began at Richland High School in 1986, including contributions from educators at the Northwest Regional Education Laboratory, Central Washington University, the University of Washington, teachers from Northwest Schools, and science and education personnel at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Support for its development was also provided by the U.S. Department of Education. This introductory course combines the academic disciplines of chemistry, physics, and engineering to create a materials science and technology curriculum. The course covers the fundamentals of ceramics, glass, metals, polymers and composites. Designed to appeal to a broad range of students, the course combines hands-on activities, demonstrations and long term student project descriptions. The basic philosophy of the course is for students to observe, experiment, record, question, seek additional information, and, through creative and insightful thinking, solve problems related to materials science and technology. The MST Teacher Handbook contains a course description, philosophy, student learning objectives, and instructional approach and processes. Science and technology teachers can collaborate to build the course from their own interests, strengths, and experience while incorporating existing school and community resources. The course is intended to meet local educational requirements for technology, vocational and science education.

  14. Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes Our combination of modeling and experimental testing capabilities opens up unparalleled opportunities to do fundamental research leading to physics-based predictive models. Contact Us Group Leader Ellen Cerreta Email Deputy Group Leader (acting) Christopher Stanek Email Group Office (505) 665-4735 We predict structure/property relationships of materials, perform computational materials modeling, characterize thermophysical properties, and

  15. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report, 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-07-01

    Research programs from Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in materials science, chemical science, nuclear science, fossil energy, energy storage, health and environmental sciences, program development funds, and work for others is briefly described. (CBS)

  16. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Sponsored Lecture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Garritt Tucker Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Atomistic Methods to Quantify Nanoscale Strain and Deformation Mechanisms in Nanostructured Materials Thursday, August 27, 2015 3:00 - 4:00pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03, Bldg. 1698, Room A103) Abstract: As the theoretical physicist, Sir Frederick Charles Franck, said, 'Crystals are like people: it is the defects in them that make them interesting.' Fundamental research in Materials Science and Engineering focuses on linking structure and

  17. Materials Sciences programs, Fiscal year 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1994-02-01

    This report provides a compilation and index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs; the compilation is to assist administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into 7 sections: laboratory projects, contract research projects, small business innovation research, major user facilities, other user facilities, funding level distributions, and indexes.

  18. Analytical Microscopy and Imaging Science | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analytical Microscopy and Imaging Science An image of interconnecting yellow and red particles NREL uses transmission/scanning electron and scanning probe techniques to measure the chemical, structural, morphological, electrical, interfacial, and luminescent properties on the nano to Angstrom scale. We investigate such properties in a wide range of photovoltaic and semiconducting materials, with particular emphasis on extended defects and interfaces and how these affect device performance. A

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Micro/nanofabricated environments for synthetic biology C. Patrick Collier and Michael L. Simpson Nanofabrication Research Laboratory, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6493 A better understanding of how confinement, crowding and reduced dimensionality modulate reactivity and reaction dynamics will aid in the rational and systematic discovery of functionality in complex biological systems. Artificial micro- and nanofabricated structures

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Transient-Mediated fate determination in a transcriptional circuit of HIV Leor S. Weinberger (University of California, San Diego), Roy D. Dar (University of Tennessee), and Michael L. Simpson (Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Achievement One of the greatest challenges in the characterization of complex nanoscale systems is gaining a mechanistic understanding of underlying processes that cannot be directly imaged. Recent research at the CNMS1 explored a

  1. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr Roger D Doherty M.A. D. Phil., Fellow TMS Emeritus Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Solute Enhanced Strain Hardening of Aluminum Alloys for Higher Strength / Toughness Combinations Wednesday, May 6, 2015 1:15 - 2:15 PM TA-03, Bldg. 1698, Room A103 (MSL Auditorium) Abstract: When the yield strength of metallic alloys is increased the fracture toughness almost always falls. By use of a plot of bond strength normalized fracture

  2. Materials sciences programs: Fiscal year 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-05-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a convenient compilation and index of the DOE Materials Science Division programs. This compilation is primarily intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F describes other user facilities, G as a summary of funding levels and H has indices characterizing research projects.

  3. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CNMS News Enhanced Electric Conductivity at Ferroelectric Vortex Cores in BiFeO3 Nina Balke,1 Benjamin Winchester,2 Wei Ren,3 Ying Hao Chu,4,5 Anna N. Morozovska,6 Eugene A. Eliseev,7 Mark Huijben,8 Rama K. Vasudevan,9 Petro Maksymovych,1 Jason Britson,2 Stephen Jesse,1 Igor Kornev,10 Ramamoorthy Ramesh,5 Laurent Bellaiche,3 Long Qing Chen,2 and Sergei V. Kalinin1 1 The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 2 Department of Materials

  4. Materials sciences programs fiscal year 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-06-01

    The purpose of this report is to provide a convenient compilation and index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs. This compilation is primarily intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research. The report is divided into eight sections. Section A contains all Laboratory projects, Section B has all contract research projects, Section C has projects funded under the Small Business Innovation Research Program, Section D describes the Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials and E has information on major user facilities. F describes other user facilities, G as a summary of funding levels and H has indices characterizing research projects.

  5. Theory VI. Computational Materials Sciences Network (CMSN)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Z Y

    2008-06-25

    The Computational Materials Sciences Network (CMSN) is a virtual center consisting of scientists interested in working together, across organizational and disciplinary boundaries, to formulate and pursue projects that reflect challenging and relevant computational research in the materials sciences. The projects appropriate for this center involve those problems best pursued through broad cooperative efforts, rather than those key problems best tackled by single investigator groups. CMSN operates similarly to the DOE Center of Excellence for the Synthesis and Processing of Advanced Materials, coordinated by George Samara at Sandia. As in the Synthesis and Processing Center, the intent of the modest funding for CMSN is to foster partnering and collective activities. All CMSN proposals undergo external peer review and are judged foremost on the quality and timeliness of the science and also on criteria relevant to the objective of the center, especially concerning a strategy for partnering. More details about CMSN can be found on the CMSN webpages at: http://cmpweb.ameslab.gov/ccms/CMSN-homepage.html.

  6. NETL Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Innovation | Department of Energy Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate Innovation NETL Earns Carnegie Science Awards for Advanced Materials, Corporate Innovation March 5, 2013 - 9:16am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - For its leadership and innovation in science and technology, the National Energy Technology Laboratory has earned two Carnegie Science Awards from the Carnegie Science Center. NETL representatives will pick up the Advanced Materials Award and the Corporate

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    (SC) Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) The Molecular Foundry (TMF) Projects Accelerator & Detector Research Science Highlights Principal Investigators'

  8. June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 15, 2012 by Francesca Verdier NERSC will present a three-hour training class focussed on Chemistry and Material Sciences applications on Tuesday, June 26, from 9:00 to 12:00 Pacific Time. The first hour of the training is targeted at beginners. We will show you how to get started running material science and chemistry application codes at NERSC. We will

  9. Data Science and Optimal Learning for Material Discovery and Design

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Science & Optimal Learning for Material Discovery & Design Data Science and Optimal Learning for Material Discovery and Design WHEN: May 16, 2016 8:00 AM - May 18, 2016 5:00 PM WHERE: Hilton Santa Fe CONTACT: Karla Jackson (505) 667-5336 CATEGORY: Community Science TYPE: Conference INTERNAL: Calendar Login Event Description Accelerating materials discovery has been an emerging theme in several Office of Science and other government reports and proposal calls. It has also been the

  10. Gender Equity in Materials Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angus Rockett

    2008-12-01

    At the request of the University Materials Council, a national workshop was convened to examine 'Gender Equity Issues in Materials Science and Engineering.' The workshop considered causes of the historic underrepresentation of women in materials science and engineering (MSE), with a goal of developing strategies to increase the gender diversity of the discipline in universities and national laboratories. Specific workshop objectives were to examine efforts to level the playing field, understand implicit biases, develop methods to minimize bias in all aspects of training and employment, and create the means to implement a broadly inclusive, family-friendly work environment in MSE departments. Held May 18-20, 2008, at the Conference Center at the University of Maryland, the workshop included heads and chairs of university MSE departments and representatives of the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Office of Basic Energy Sciences of the Department of Energy (DOE-BES), and the national laboratories. The following recommendations are made based on the outcomes of the discussions at the workshop. Many or all of these apply equally well to universities and national laboratories and should be considered in context of industrial environments as well. First, there should be a follow-up process by which the University Materials Council (UMC) reviews the status of women in the field of MSE on a periodic basis and determines what additional changes should be made to accelerate progress in gender equity. Second, all departments should strengthen documentation and enforcement of departmental procedures such that hiring, promotion, compensation, and tenure decisions are more transparent, that the reasons why a candidate was not selected or promoted are clear, and that faculty are less able to apply their biases to personnel decisions. Third, all departments should strengthen mentoring of junior faculty. Fourth, all departments must raise awareness of gender biases and work to eliminate hostile attitudes and environments that can make academic and national laboratory careers unattractive to women. Fifth, with respect to raising awareness among faculty, staff and students, a new type of training session should be developed that would be more effective in conveying the facts and consequences of gender bias than the conventional presentations typically available, which seem not to be highly effective in changing attitudes or behaviors. Sixth, it is proposed that the UMC establish a certification of 'family-friendly' or 'gender equivalent' institutions that would encourage organizations to meet standards for minimizing gender bias and promoting supportive work environments. Seventh, novel approaches to adjusting job responsibilities of faculty, staff, and students to permit them to deal with family/life issues are needed that do not carry stigmas. Finally, faculty and national laboratory staff need to promote the benefits of their careers to women so that a more positive image of the job of materials scientist or materials engineer is presented.

  11. Sandia National Laboratories: Research: Materials Science: Video...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Research Image Gallery Video Gallery Facilities Nanodevices and Microsystems Radiation Effects and High Energy Density Science Research Video Gallery Exc An error...

  12. Fermilab | Science | Particle Accelerators | Fermilab's Accelerator Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fermilab's Accelerator Complex photo Fermilab's accelerator complex comprises seven particle accelerators and storage rings. It produces the world's most powerful, high-energy neutrino beam and provides proton beams for various experiments and R&D programs. Fermilab's accelerator complex delivers high-intensity neutrino beams and provides optimal beam for a broad range of new and existing experiments, including the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, Muon g-2 and Mu2e. Fermilab's

  13. CMI Course Inventory: Metallurgical Engineering/Materials Science |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Critical Materials Institute Course Inventory: Metallurgical Engineering/Materials Science Metallurgical Engineering/Materials Science Of the six CMI Team members that are educational institutions, all offer courses related to Metallurgical Engineering and/or Materials Science. The following links go to the class list on the CMI page for that school. Colorado School of Mines Iowa State University Purdue University University of California-Davis Rutgers University Brown University CMI

  14. Vidvuds Ozolins: Department of Materials Science and Engineering UCLA &

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Director of DOE EFRC Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials | Center for Energy Efficient Materials Vidvuds Ozolins: Department of Materials Science and Engineering UCLA & Director of DOE EFRC Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials Nov 13, 2013 | 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM Vidvuds Ozolins Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, & Director, DOE EFRC Molecularly Engineered Energy Materials, University of California, Los Angeles Title Coming Soon November 13, 2013 | 4:00pm

  15. Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, FY 1994. Revision 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    Thrust areas of the weapons-supporting research include surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, etc. The laboratory directed R and D include director`s initiatives, individual projects, and transactinium science studies.

  16. Division of Materials Science (DMS) meeting presentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cline, C.F.; Weber, M.J.

    1982-11-08

    Materials preparation techniques are listed. Materials preparation capabilities are discussed for making BeF/sub 2/ glasses and other materials. Materials characterization techniques are listed. (DLC)

  17. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Core Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Characterization Core materials characterization

  18. Sandia Energy - Materials Science and Engineering Support for...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Science and Engineering Support for Microsystems-Enabled Photovoltaic Grand Challenge Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Project Home Renewable Energy Energy...

  19. NERSC, LBL Researchers Share Materials Science Advances at APS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (University of Chicago): Computing quasiparticle energies and band offsets for large systems Session M27, March 5: Applications and Opportunities for Materials Science III Sherri...

  20. Alamos National Laboratory] Materials Science(36) Abstract Not...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Co-Design at the Mesoscale: Opportunities for NSLS-II Sarrao, John L. Los Alamos National Laboratory Materials Science(36) Abstract Not Provided Los Alamos National Laboratory...

  1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AL 35487 (USA) 2-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (USA) 3-Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky,...

  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Summer Newsletter 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Department of Chemistry, Vanderbilt University, Station B 351824, Nashville, TN 37235, USA 2 Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 1 Bethel...

  3. Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Iver Anderson, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, The Ames Laboratory, Current and Future Direction in Processing Rare Earth Alloys for Clean Energy Applications Iver...

  4. Materials Science: the science of everything | National Nuclear Security

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Administration Science: the science of everything | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Photo Gallery Jobs Apply

  5. FWP executive summaries: basic energy sciences materials sciences and engineering program (SNL/NM).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samara, George A.; Simmons, Jerry A.

    2006-07-01

    This report presents an Executive Summary of the various elements of the Materials Sciences and Engineering Program which is funded by the Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, U.S. Department of Energy at Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico. A general programmatic overview is also presented.

  6. Chemistry and materials science progress report, FY 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-07-01

    Research is reported in the areas of surface science, fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals, energetic materials, transactinide materials and properties and other indirectly related areas of weapons research.

  7. Materials and Chemical Sciences Division annual report 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-07-01

    This report describes research conducted at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratories, programs are discussed in the following topics: materials sciences; chemical sciences; fossil energy; energy storage systems; health and environmental sciences; exploratory research and development funds; and work for others. A total of fifty eight programs are briefly presented. References, figures, and tables are included where appropriate with each program.

  8. Layered Atom Arrangements in Complex Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    K.E. Sikafus; R.W.Grimes; S.M.Corish; A.R. Cleave; M.Tang; C.R.Stanek; B.P. Uberuaga; J.A.Valdez

    2005-04-15

    In this report, we develop an atom layer stacking model to describe systematically the crystal structures of complex materials. To illustrate the concepts, we consider a sequence of oxide compounds in which the metal cations progress in oxidation state from monovalent (M{sup 1+}) to tetravalent (M{sup 4+}). We use concepts relating to geometric subdivisions of a triangular atom net to describe the layered atom patterns in these compounds (concepts originally proposed by Shuichi Iida). We demonstrate that as a function of increasing oxidation state (from M{sup 1+} to M{sup 4+}), the layer stacking motifs used to generate each successive structure (specifically, motifs along a 3 symmetry axis), progress through the following sequence: MMO, MO, M{sub r}O, MO{sub r/s}O{sub u/v}, MOO (where M and O represent fully dense triangular atom nets and r/s and u/v are fractions used to describe partially filled triangular atom nets). We also develop complete crystallographic descriptions for the compounds in our oxidation sequence using trigonal space group R{bar 3}.

  9. Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page MSA Header Director Peter Burns Lead Institution University of Notre Dame Year Established 2009 Mission To understand and control, at the nanoscale, materials that contain actinides (radioactive heavy elements

  10. Materials Science in Radiation and Dynamics Extremes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and specialty) materials from atomistic to continuum length scales; Uses computational materials modeling to inform and complement the measurements listed above; Synthesizes and...

  11. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    "Controllable Complex Oxide Heterointerface" - Zhiqun Lin, Georgia Institute of Technology "Crafting Functional Nanocrystals by Capitalizing on Nonlinear Block Copolymers...

  12. DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Mechanical Science Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of mechanical components and mechanical science. The handbook includes information on diesel engines, heat exchangers, pumps, valves, and miscellaneous mechanical components. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for understanding the construction and operation of mechanical components that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  13. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CNMS RESEARCH Systematic reduction of sign errors in many-body calculations of atoms and molecules M. Bajdich,1 M. L. Tiago,1 R. Q. Hood,2 P. R. C. Kent,3 F. A. Reboredo1 1Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2Condensed Matter and Materials Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 3Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement: We have developed a new systematically convergeable algorithm - Self-Healing Diffusion

  14. Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Presentation by 04-Adams to DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting held January 5-6, 2005 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. PDF icon 04_adams_nat_gas.pdf More Documents & Publications Evalutation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for Hydrogen/Mixed Gas Service Hydrogen

  15. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tunable Metallic Conductance in Ferroelectric Nanodomains Peter Maksymovych,1 Anna N. Morozovska,2,3 Pu Yu,4 Eugene A. Eliseev,3 Ying-Hao Chu,4,5 Ramamoorthy Ramesh,4 Arthur P. Baddorf,1 and Sergei V. Kalinin1 1 Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831 2 Institute of Semiconductor Physics, National Academy of Science of Ukraine,41, pr. Nauki, 03028 Kiev, Ukraine 3 Institute for Problems of Materials Science, National Academy of Science of

  16. Computational Materials Sciences Awards | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) » Computational Materials Sciences Awards Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Closed Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOAs) Closed Lab Announcements Award Search / Public Abstracts Additional Requirements and Guidance for Digital Data Management Peer Review Policies EFRCs FOA Applications from Universities and Other Research Institutions Construction Review

  17. Nanostructured Materials | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanostructured Materials Nanostructured Materials The mp4 video format is not supported by this browser. Download video Captions: On Time: 1:51 min. Roland Seals talks about carbon nanotubes developed at Y-12. These revolutionary materials are useful in everything from makeup to steel beams to aircraft

  18. DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    This handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of the structure and properties of metals. This volume contains the following modules: thermal shock (thermal stress, pressurized thermal shock), brittle fracture (mechanism, minimum pressurization-temperature curves, heatup/cooldown rate limits), and plant materials (properties considered when selecting materials, fuel materials, cladding and reflectors, control materials, nuclear reactor core problems, plant material problems, atomic displacement due to irradiation, thermal and displacement spikes due to irradiation, neutron capture effect, radiation effects in organic compounds, reactor use of aluminum).

  19. 2004 research briefs :Materials and Process Sciences Center.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cieslak, Michael J.

    2004-01-01

    This report is the latest in a continuing series that highlights the recent technical accomplishments associated with the work being performed within the Materials and Process Sciences Center. Our research and development activities primarily address the materials-engineering needs of Sandia's Nuclear-Weapons (NW) program. In addition, we have significant efforts that support programs managed by the other laboratory business units. Our wide range of activities occurs within six thematic areas: Materials Aging and Reliability, Scientifically Engineered Materials, Materials Processing, Materials Characterization, Materials for Microsystems, and Materials Modeling and Simulation. We believe these highlights collectively demonstrate the importance that a strong materials-science base has on the ultimate success of the NW program and the overall DOE technology portfolio.

  20. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Sponsored Seminar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. Sergii L. Dudarev Programme Grant Modelling Co-ordinator & Visiting Professor Oxford University Materials United Kingdom "Magnetic" Molecular Dynamics and Other Models for Fusion Reactor Materials Tuesday, September 15, 2015 2:00 - 3:00pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03 - Bldg 1698 - Room A103) Abstract - Multiscale models for fusion reactor materials address both the initial stages of production of radiation defects, where the recently discovered power law statistics of defect

  1. Electronic Structure Theory | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electronic Structure Theory An image of multiple, interconnecting red and blue particles Using high-performance computing, NREL applies electronic structure theory to design and discover materials for energy applications. This includes detailed studies of the physical mechanisms that determine the material's behavior on an atomistic level. Learn more about high-performance computing. Key Research Areas Materials by Design NREL leads the U.S. Department of Energy's Center for Next Generation of

  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gordon Bell Prize Emerges From Ongoing Computational Nanoscience Endstation Effort Achievement: A team led by Thomas Schulthess, including Gonzalo Alvarez, Mike Summers, Thomas Maier, and Paul Kent from the Computer Science and Mathematics Division (CSMD) and the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) Nanomaterials Theory Institute; Jeremy Meredith and Ed D'Azevedo from CSMD; Markus Eisenbach and Don Maxwell from the National Center for Computational Sciences (NCCS); and Jeff Larkin and

  3. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Nanofabrication...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    clean room space for carrying out material modification using advanced lithographic, etching, thin-film deposition, and characterization tools. Process Design Assistance with...

  4. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can provide insights for the development of new materials for solar cells, solid-state lighting and superconductor power transmission. Computer codes will be made...

  5. Bayer Material Science (TRL 1 2 3 System)- River Devices to Recover Energy with Advanced Materials(River DREAM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bayer Material Science (TRL 1 2 3 System) - River Devices to Recover Energy with Advanced Materials(River DREAM)

  6. NERSC, LBL Researchers Share Materials Science Advances at APS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NERSC, LBL Researchers Highlight Materials Science at APS NERSC, LBL Researchers Share Materials Science Advances at APS March 3, 2014 APSlogo NERSC and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBL) are well represented this week at the American Physical Society (APS) March meeting. Some 10,000 physicists, scientists, and students are expected to attend this year's meeting, which takes place March 3-7 in Denver, CO. Physicists and students will report on groundbreaking research from industry,

  7. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fuels (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Scientific Successes * The first phonon density of states (PDOS) measurements for UO2 to include anharmonicity were obtained using time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), and an innovative, experimental-based

  8. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Fuels (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels × You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and is provided as a public service. Visit OSTI to utilize

  9. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Electromechanical Actuation and Current-Induced Metastable States in Suspended Single-Crystalline VO2 Nanoplatelets A. Tselev,1 J. D. Budai,2 E. Strelcov,3 J. Z. Tischler,2 A. Kolmakov3, and S. V. Kalinin1 1-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 2-Materials Science & Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 3-Physics Department, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, IL 62901 Achievement A

  10. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    An optimized nanoparticle separator enabled by elecron beam induced deposition J. D. Fowlkes,1 M. J. Doktycz2 and P. D. Rack1,3 1Nanofabricatin Research Laboratory, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2Biological and Nanoscale Systems Group, Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 3Materials Science and Engineering Department, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN Achievement Size-based separations technologies will inevitably benefit from

  11. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intrinsic Nucleation Mechanism of Polarization Switching on Ferroelectric Surfaces Peter Maksymovych,1 Stephen Jesse,1 Mark Huijben,2 Ramamoorthy Ramesh,2 Anna Morozovska,3 Samrat Choudhury,4 Long-Qing Chen,4 Arthur P. Baddorf,1 and Sergei V. Kalinin1 1Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory; 2Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering and Department of Physics, University of California Berkeley; 3Lashkaryov Institute for Semiconductor Physics, National

  12. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Polarization Control of Electron Tunneling into Ferroelectric Surfaces Peter Maksymovych1, Stephen Jesse1, Pu Yu2, Ramamoorthy Ramesh2, Arthur P. Baddorf,1 and Sergei V. Kalinin1 1 The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 2Department of Materials Sciences and Engineering and Department of Physics, University of California Berkeley Achievement We have discovered that polarization switching in 30-50 nm oxide films of lead-zirconate and bismuth

  13. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Interface Reconstruction in Functional Oxides Junsoo Shin,1,2 Albina Borisevich,1 Vincent Meunier,3 Jing Zhou,4 E. Ward Plummer,5 Sergei V. Kalinin,3 and Arthur P. Baddorf3 1-Materials Sciences and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 2-Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 3-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 4-Department of

  14. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Synthesis of Well-defined Poly(amino acids): Polytyrosine Derivatives Jamie M. Messman1, Deanna L. Pickel1, Apostolos Avgeropoulos2, and Nikolaos Politakos2 1Macromolecular Nanomaterials Group, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, Greece Achievement In collaboration with CNMS users from the University of Ioannina, Greece, we developed a synthesis route for the monomer,

  15. Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fuels (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Energy Frontier Research Center Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels Scientific Successes * The first phonon density of states (PDOS) measurements for UO2 to include anharmonicity were obtained using time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), and an innovative,

  16. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Proposal Review Committee

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PROPOSAL REVIEW COMMITTEE Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Dr. Mark Aindow Department of Materials Science and Engineering University of Connecticut Dr. Marin Alexe Department of Physics University of Warwick Professor Rodney Andrews Director, Center for Applied Energy Research University of Kentucky Dr. Gaurav Arya Department of Nanoengineering University of California, San Diego Professor Perla B. Balbuena Department of Chemical Engineering Texas A&M University Dr. Kenneth J. Balkus

  17. Informational Materials | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Informational Materials Informational Materials Listed below are complimentary historical materials available at the Y-12 History Center or for viewing or downloading from this page. All files are in Adobe PDF format. BOOKLETS Image of John Googin A Biography of Dr. John M. Googin A warm tribute and loving memorial for Dr. John M. Googin, published by his friends and colleagues in Y-12's Development Division. (Size: 856 KB) Image of Jack Case Jack Case and The Jack Case Center Articles on Jack

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter January...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CNMS Updates The CNMS has a new director Sean Smith from the University of Queensland in Australia has accepted the position of director for the Center for Nanophase Materials...

  19. Polymer/Elastomer and Composite Material Science

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation by Kevin Simmons, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, at the U.S. Department of Energy's Polymer and Composite Materials Meeting, held October 17-18, 2012, in Washington, D.C.

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter January...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were recently purchased with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds, including new SEM and TEMSTEM capabilities for soft materials, small-angle x-ray scattering, and in the...

  1. Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division Homepage |...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    This knowledge serves as a basis for the development of new materials for the generation, storage, and use of energy and for mitigation of the environmental impacts of energy use. ...

  2. DOE fundamentals handbook: Material science. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    This handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of the structure and properties of metals. This volume contains the two modules: structure of metals (bonding, common lattic types, grain structure/boundary, polymorphis, alloys, imperfections in metals) and properties of metals (stress, strain, Young modulus, stress-strain relation, physical properties, working of metals, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, tritium/material compatibility).

  3. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Sponsored Lecture

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Antonia Antoniou Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia Mechanical Behavior of Hierarchical Nanoporous Metals Thursday, August 27, 2015 1:30 - 2:30pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03, Bldg. 1698, Room A103) Abstract: Nanoporous (NP) metal foams are a unique class of materials that are characterized by extremely high surface-to- volume ratios and possess such desirable properties of metals as high electrical conductivity, catalytic activity, and strength. This unusual combination of properties is

  4. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Sponsored Seminar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Professor Robert L. Whetten University of Texas, San Antonio Alexander von Humboldt Senior Scientist Award recipiant Z 60 , Phantaspheraurate Thursday, September 10, 2015 3 - 4pm IMS/MPA Conference Room (TA3-0032-134) Abstract: Discovery of new substances and their underlying principles consists not so much of "new materials analyzed by established methods" but rather of ancient ones elucidated by newly developed methods. So we had better focus on the advances - new instruments and

  5. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Themes

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    THEMES Electronic and Ionic Functionality on the Nanoscale (EIFN) The overarching goal of the EIFN theme is to explore electronic and ionic material functionalities on the atomic scale and extend this knowledge to the emergent behaviors at the scales of individual nanoparticles and defects and finally to the macroscale, where function can be translated into new technologies. We aim to harness this knowledge to understand and control fundamental mechanisms of coupling between electronic and ionic

  6. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Events CNMS User Newsletters People Contact Us Upcoming Events and Latest News Call For Proposals - OPEN! (Deadline May 4) CNMS User Meeting - August 10-12, 2016 Career Opportunities Recent News: Researchers Stack the Odds for Novel Optoelectronic 2D Materials, Lab Manager Beetle-inspired discovery could reduce frost's costly sting, EurekAlert Submit your ideas for improving CNMS! Research Highlights In-situ Environment Shines Light and Neutrons on Structure-Function Evolution of Polymers

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - 2011 CNMS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 CNMS User Meetin Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 19-20, 2011 Chestnut Ridge Campus of Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee User Meeting Announcement User Meeting Agenda Agendas for featured workshops: Advanced Scanning Probe Microscopies at the CNMS: Materials Structure and Function from Atomic to Micron Scales September 21-22, 2011 Materials by Design September 21-22, 2011 Sustainable Energy Future: Nanomaterials Enabled

  8. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    IN THE NEWS Archived News "Researchers Stack the Odds for Novel Optoelectronic 2D Materials," Lab Manager (March 2, 2016) "Beetle-inspired discovery could reduce frost's costly sting," EurekAlert (January 22, 2016) "ORNL cell-free protein synthesis is potential lifesaver," EurekAlert! (December 29, 2015) "UT-ORNL breakthrough aims to improve tech gadgets, TVs," Oak Ridge Today (December 28, 2015) "New acoustic technique reveals structural information

  9. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Supramolecular Self-Assembly of p-conjugated Hydrocarbons via 2D Cooperative CH/p Interaction Qing Li*, Chengbo Han**, Scott R Horton*, Miguel Fuentes-Cabrera*, Bobby G. Sumpter*, Wenchang Lu**, Jerry Bernholc**†, Petro Maksymovych*, and Minghu Pan* *Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge,Tennessee **Center for High Performance Simulation and Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina †Computer Science and

  10. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Angle Neutron Scattering Study of Conformation of Oligo(ethylene glycol)-Grafted Polystyrene in Dilute Solutions: Effect of the Backbone Length Gang Cheng,1 Yuri B. Melnichenko,1 George D. Wignall,1 Fengjun Hua,2 Kunlun Hong,2 and Jimmy W. Mays2 1Neutron Scattering Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Achievement: The cooperative interactions among functional segments of biopolymers have led to attempts to

  11. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - About CNMS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ABOUT CNMS The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is one of five nanoscience research centers (NSRCs) funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Scientific User Facilities Division. It provides a diverse user community - predominantly in the US but also internationally - with access to state-of-the-art nanoscience research capabilities, expertise, and equipment. The scientists at the CNMS also drive a world class science program with

  12. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - User Publications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT GUIDELINES Sponsor Acknowledgement CNMS users must include the following acknowledgement on all publications that include work done at the CNMS: [A portion of]* This research was conducted at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, which is a DOE Office of Science User Facility. *DOE expects the acknowledgment to indicate which parts of the reported work were supported by which agency whenever possible. Therefore, it is preferable to state, for example, "Fabrication of

  13. Science as Art: Materials Characterization Art | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science as Art: Materials Characterization Art Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share (Opens in new window) Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window) Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window) Science as Art: Materials Characterization Art Vin Smentkowski 2012.05.08 Our next image in the series was submitted by Srinivasan Swarminathan. This is one of the more compelling and interesting photos to look at it if you

  14. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Characterization and Carbonization of Highly-Oriented Poly(diiododiacetylene) Nanofibers Liang Luo,1 Christopher Wilhelm,1 Christopher N. Young,2 Clare P. Grey,1 Gary P. Halada,2 Kai Xiao,3 Ilia N. Ivanov,3 Jane Y. Howe,4 David B. Geohegan,3 and Nancy S. Goroff1 1-Department of Chemistry, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 2-Department of Material Science and Engineering, State University of New York, Stony Brook, NY 11794 3-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge

  15. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Low-Voltage, Low-Power Organic Light-Emitting Transistors for AMOLED Displays M. A. McCarthy,1,2 B. Liu,1 E. P. Donoghue,1 I. Kravchenko,3 D. Y. Kim,2 F. So,2 and A. G. Rinzler1 1-Department of Physics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 2-Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 3-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830 Achievement Organic light-emitting diode (OLED) layers have

  16. Argonne OutLoud: Catch a Rising Science Star (Sept. 10, 2015...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    --Photosynthesis & biomimetics -Materials science --Complex oxides --Nanoscience --Materials simulation & theory --Surface & interface studies --Tribology -Mathematics,...

  17. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Distinguished Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Professor Tony Rollett Department of Materials Science & Engineering Carnegie Mellon University Advanced Characterization of Additively Manufactured Materials, including Synchrotron-based 3D X-rays Wednesday, August 3, 2016 2:00 - 3:00pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03 - Bldg 1698 - Room A103) ABSTRACT: To come... Background: Professor Rollett's research program emphasizes quantification of microstructure, especially in three dimensions, and its impact on properties and processing using both

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - 2012 CNMS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 CNMS USER MEETING Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 14, 2012 Chestnut Ridge Campus of Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee User Meeting Announcement User Meeting Agenda and Abstract Booklet Agendas for featured workshops: Nanoscale Imaging for Energy Applications September 11-13, 2012 (begins 1pm on 9/11) Transmission Electron Microscopy for Soft Materials September 12-13, 2012 Second Photovoltaics School (Photovoltaics from

  19. Conference on Advances In Materials Science - 2009, Prague, Czech Republic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    | National Nuclear Security Administration In Materials Science - 2009, Prague, Czech Republic | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets

  20. Conference on Advances in Materials Science - Presentations | National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Security Administration in Materials Science - Presentations | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Library Bios Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Photo

  1. Advancing Materials Science using Neutrons at Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Carpenter, John

    2014-06-03

    Jack Carpenter, pioneer of accelerator-based pulsed spallation neutron sources, talks about neutron science at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and a need for a second target station at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS). ORNL is the Department of Energy's largest multiprogram science and energy laboratory, and is home to two scientific user facilities serving the neutron science research community: the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) and SNS. HFIR and SNS provide researchers with unmatched capabilities for understanding the structure and properties of materials, macromolecular and biological systems, and the fundamental physics of the neutron. Neutrons provide a window through which to view materials at a microscopic level that allow researchers to develop better materials and better products. Neutrons enable us to understand materials we use in everyday life. Carpenter explains the need for another station to produce long wavelength neutrons, or cold neutrons, to answer questions that are addressed only with cold neutrons. The second target station is optimized for that purpose. Modern technology depends more and more upon intimate atomic knowledge of materials, and neutrons are an ideal probe.

  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Discovery Siminar

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Archives CNMS DISCOVERY LECTURE ARCHIVES Jim Heath, Caltech Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering - November 14, 2013 Alex Zettl, University of California at Berkeley - October 31, 2013 Christopher Bielawski, University of Texas at Austin - April 19, 2013 Dieter Richter, Jülich Centre for Neutron Science, Institute for Complex Systems, Germany - March 22,2013 CNMS and SNS Research Forum Annabella Selloni, Princeton University - March 5, 2013 Alexandre Tagantsev, Swiss Federal

  3. Chemistry and Materials Science Directorate 2005 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diaz De La Rubia, T; Fluss, M J; Rath, K; Rennie, G; Shang, S; Kitrinos, G

    2006-08-08

    In 1952, we began laboratory operations in the barracks building of the Naval Air Station with approximately 50 employees. Today, the Chemistry and Materials Science (CMS) Directorate is a major organization at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory with more than 500 employees who continue to contribute to our evolving national security mission. For more than half a century, the mission of the Laboratory revolved primarily around nuclear deterrence and associated defense technologies. Today, Livermore supports a broad-based national security mission, and our specialized capabilities increasingly support emerging missions in human health and energy security. In the future, CMS will play a significantly expanded role in science and technology at the intersection of national security, energy and environment, and health. Our world-class workforce will provide the science and technology base for radically innovative materials to our programs and sponsors. Our 2005 Annual Report describes how our successes and breakthroughs follow a path set forward by our strategic plan and four organizing research themes, each with key scientific accomplishments by our staff and collaborators. Organized into two major sections-research themes and dynamic teams, this report focuses on achievements arising from earlier investments that address future challenges. The research presented in this annual report gives substantive examples of how we are proceeding in each of these four theme areas and how they are aligned with our national security mission. Research Themes: (1) Materials Properties and Performance under Extreme Conditions--We are developing ultrahard nanocrystalline metals, exploring the properties of nanotubes when exposed to very high temperatures, and engineering stronger materials to meet future needs for materials that can withstand extreme conditions. (2) Chemistry under Extreme Conditions and Chemical Engineering to Support National-Security Programs--Our recent discovery of a new source of coherent light adds a new tool to an array of methods we use to more fully understand the properties of materials. Insights into the early stages of polymer crystallization may lead to new materials for our national-security mission and private industry. (3) Science Supporting National Objectives at the Intersection of Chemistry, Materials Science, and Biology--We are improving drug binding for cancer treatment through the use of new tools that are helping us characterize protein-antibody interactions. By probing proteins and nucleic acids, we may gain an understanding of Alzheimer's, Mad Cow, and other neurodegenerative diseases. (4) Applied Nuclear Science for Human Health and National Security--Our work with cyanobacteria is leading to a fuller understanding of how these microorganisms affect the global carbon cycle. We are also developing new ways to reduce nuclear threats with better radiation detectors. Dynamic Teams: The dynamic teams section illustrates the directorate's organizational structure that supports a team environment across disciplinary and institutional boundaries. Our three divisions maintain a close relationship with Laboratory programs, working with directorate and program leaders to ensure an effective response to programmatic needs. CMS's divisions are responsible for line management and leadership, and together, provide us with the flexibility and agility to respond to change and meet program milestones. The three divisions are: Materials Science and Technology Division; Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Division; and Chemical Biology and Nuclear Science Division. By maintaining an organizational structure that offers an environment of collaborative problem-solving opportunities, we are able to nurture the discoveries and breakthroughs required for future successes. The dynamic teams section also presents the work of CMS's postdoctoral fellows, who bring to the Laboratory many of the most recent advances taking place in academic departments and provide a research stimulus to established research teams. Postdo

  4. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - 2010 CNMS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    0 CNMS User Meeting Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 13-14, 2010 Chestnut Ridge Campus of Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee User Meeting Announcement User Meeting Agenda Agendas for associated workshops: Next Generation Force-Fields for Nanoscience September 15-16, 2010 Sustainable Energy Future: Focus on Organic Photovoltaics September 15-16, 2010 Scanning Probe Microscopy for Energy Applications September 15-17, 2010

  5. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - 2014 CNMS User Meeting

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 CNMS USER MEETING Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 15-19, 2014 Chestnut Ridge Campus of Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee User Meeting Announcement User Meeting Agenda and Abstract Booklet Panel Session: Q&A with CNMS Senior Staff Agendas for featured workshops: Electrochemical Strain Microscopy September 15-16, 2014 In Situ Electron Microscopy and Imaging September 18-19, 2014

  6. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights CNMS USER RESEARCH Fluctuations and Correlations in Physical and Biological Nanosystems Michael L. Simpson and Peter T. Cummings Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory When components at one level (atoms, molecules, nanostructures, etc) are coupled together to form higher-level - mesoscale - structures, new collective phenomena emerge. Optimizing such systems requires embracing stochastic fluctuations in a manner similar to that found in nature.

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding the Interaction Between Nanoscale Building Blocks and Biologically Relevant Molecules X. Zhao (CNMS Postdoc), A. Striolo (U of Oklahoma, now CNMS User), and P. T. Cummings (CNMS Staff) Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory's new Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) are leading the way in developing detailed molecular-level understanding of how nanomaterials may interact with biologically important molecules. A provocative experimental study, published in 2004,

  8. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Antioxidant Deactivation on Graphenic Nanocarbon Surfaces Xinyuan Liu,1 Sujat Sen,1 Jingyu Liu,1 Indrek Kulaots,2 David Geohegan,3 Agnes Kane,4 Alex A. Puretzky,3 Christopher M. Rouleau,3 Karren L. More,5 G. Tayhas R. Palmore,2 and Robert H. Hurt2 1-Dept Chemistry, Brown University 2-School of Engineering, Brown University 3-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 4-Dept Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Brown University 5-Shared Research Equipment Facility, Oak

  9. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nature of the Pairing Interaction in the Hubbard Model of High-Temperature Superconductors Thomas A. Maier (CNMS Staff); Douglas J. Scalapino (CNMS User), University of California, Santa Barbara, and Mark Jarrell (CNMS User) University of Cincinnati Achievement The nature of the pairing interaction that mediates superconductivity in the two-dimensional Hubbard model has been addressed numerically in a user project at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences. The Hubbard model exhibits several

  10. Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 1 | Sample Preparation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratories 1 Cynthia Patty | (650) 926-3925 Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 1 Inventory The BioChemMat Lab 1 at SSRL is dedicated to researcher experiments, including x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies, macromolecular crystallography, x-ray scattering, and x-ray imaging. The labs are maintained for final-stage sample preparation and other relatively straight-forward laboratory manipulations. These include buffer preparations, solid sample grinding, solution

  11. Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 2 | Sample Preparation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratories 2 Cynthia Patty | (650) 926-3925 Biology Chemistry & Material Science Laboratory 2 Inventory The BioChemMat Lab 2 (BCM 2) at SSRL is dedicated to researcher experiments, including x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies, macromolecular crystallography, x-ray scattering, and x-ray imaging. The labs are maintained for final-stage sample preparation and other relatively straight-forward laboratory manipulations. These include buffer preparations, solid sample grinding,

  12. Joint Hire Increases Materials Science Collaboration for Sandia, UNM

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hire Increases Materials Science Collaboration for Sandia, UNM - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle

  13. Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Sciences and Engineering Ames radio station KHOI broadcast a segment at noon on March 10 on the Ames Laboratory. Program host Jim Werbel, left, asks Ames Lab Director Adam Schwartz and Deputy Director Tom Lograsso about the Lab's history along with producer Paul Hertz, right. Also participating were Ames Lab scientist Sam Houk and Public Affairs Director Steve Karsjen. Hear a podcast (mp3 file) of the broadcast HERE. Ames Lab Public Affairs manager Steve Karsjen, left, and Ames Lab

  14. Theoretical Studies on the Electronic Structures and Properties of Complex Ceramic Crystals and Novel Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ching, Wai-Yim

    2012-01-14

    This project is a continuation of a long program supported by the Office of Basic Energy Science in the Office of Science of DOE for many years. The final three-year continuation started on November 1, 2005 with additional 1 year extension to October 30, 2009. The project was then granted a two-year No Cost Extension which officially ended on October 30, 2011. This report covers the activities within this six year period with emphasis on the work completed within the last 3 years. A total of 44 papers with acknowledgement to this grant were published or submitted. The overall objectives of this project are as follows. These objectives have been evolved over the six year period: (1) To use the state-of-the-art computational methods to investigate the electronic structures of complex ceramics and other novel crystals. (2) To further investigate the defects, surfaces/interfaces and microstructures in complex materials using large scale modeling. (3) To extend the study on ceramic materials to more complex bioceramic crystals. (4) To initiate the study on soft condensed matters including water and biomolecules. (5) To focus on the spectroscopic studies of different materials especially on the ELNES and XANES spectral calculations and their applications related to experimental techniques. (6) To develop and refine computational methods to be effectively executed on DOE supercomputers. (7) To evaluate mechanical properties of different crystals and those containing defects and relate them to the fundamental electronic structures. (8) To promote and publicize the first-principles OLCAO method developed by the PI (under DOE support for many years) for applications to large complex material systems. (9) To train a new generation of graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in modern computational materials science and condensed matter physics. (10) To establish effective international and domestic collaborations with both experimentalists and theorists in materials research. Because of the large amount of work accomplished, a diverse class of materials covered and the desire for an easier reporting process, this report will list six categories (A to F) of major accomplishments and findings under the following headings with references to the published papers under DOE support. These six categories obviously have heavy overlaps. A complete list of published papers follows the brief description on each category. Each paper also indicates to which of the six categories the main accomplishment it belongs to. A. Electronic structure of complex and novel crystals B. Impurities, surfaces, interfaces and microstructures in ceramics C. Structures and properties of complex bioceramics D. Soft condensed matters E. Spectroscopic characterizations, XANES and ELNES spectroscopy F. Large-scale simulations

  15. Achieving Transformational Materials Performance in a New Era of Science

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    John Sarrao

    2010-01-08

    The inability of current materials to meet performance requirements is a key stumbling block for addressing grand challenges in energy and national security. Fortunately, materials research is on the brink of a new era - a transition from observation and validation of materials properties to prediction and control of materials performance. In this talk, I describe the nature of the current challenge, the prospects for success, and a specific facility concept, MaRIE, that will provide the needed capabilities to meet these challenges, especially for materials in extreme environments. MaRIE, for Matter-Radiation Interactions in Extremes, is Los Alamos' concept to realize this vision of 21st century materials research. This vision will be realized through enhancements to the current LANSCE accelerator, development of a fourth-generation x-ray light source co-located with the proton accelerator, and a comprehensive synthesis and characterization facility focused on controlling complex materials and the defect/structure link to materials performance.

  16. Chemistry and Materials Science Department annual report, 1988--1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, R.J.; Sugihara, T.T.; Cherniak, J.C.; Corey, C.W.

    1989-12-31

    This is the first annual report of the Chemistry & Materials Science (C&MS) Department. The principal purpose of this report is to provide a concise summary of our scientific and technical accomplishments for fiscal years 1988 and 1989. The report is also tended to become part of the archival record of the Department`s activities. We plan to publish future editions annually. The activities of the Department can be divided into three broad categories. First, C&MS staff are assigned by the matrix system to work directly in a program. These programmatic assignments typically involve short deadlines and critical time schedules. A second category is longer-term research and development in technologies important to Laboratory programs. The focus and direction of this technology-base work are generally determined by programmatic needs. Finally, the Department manages its own research program, mostly long-range in outlook and basic in orientation. These three categories are not mutually exclusive but form a continuum of technical activities. Representative examples of all three are included in this report. The principal subject matter of this report has been divided into six sections: Innovations in Analysis and Characterization, Advanced Materials, Metallurgical Science and Technology, Surfaces and Interfaces, Energetic Materials and Chemical Synthesis, and Energy-Related Research and Development.

  17. Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Nanoscale Materials (CNM) Scientific User Facilities (SUF) Division SUF Home About User Facilities X-Ray Light Sources Neutron Scattering Facilities Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs) Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN) Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) Center for Nanoscale Materials (CNM) The Molecular Foundry (TMF) Projects Accelerator & Detector Research Science Highlights Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights ARCHIVED CNMS RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS Correlating Electronic Transport to Atomic Structures in Self-Assembled Quantum Wires Shengyong Qin,1 Tae-Hwan Kim,1 Yanning Zhang,2 Wenjie Ouyang,2 Hanno H. Weitering,3 Chih-Kang Shih,4 Arthur P. Baddorf,1 Ruqian Wu,2 and An-Ping Li1 1-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831, USA 2-Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA 3-Department of Physics and

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PS-b-P3HT Copolymers as P3HT/PCBM Interfacial Compatibilizers for High Efficiency Photovoltaics Zhenzhong Sun1, Kai Xiao2, Jong Kahk Keum3, Xiang Yu2, Kunlun Hong1, Jim Browning3, Ilia Ivanov1, Jihua Chen2, Jose Alonzo3, Dawen Li1, Bobby Sumpter2, Andrew Payzant2, Christopher Rouleau2, and David Geohegan2 1-Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 2-Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 3-Neutron

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Journal Cover Journal of Applied Physics March 15, 2008 issue A team of researchers from the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) has written the cover article in the March 15, 2008, issue of the Journal of Applied Physics. "Surface characterization and functionalization of carbon nanofibers" is a comprehensive review article authored by K. L. Klein, A. V. Melechko, T. E. McKnight, S. T. Retterer, P. D. Rack, J. D. Fowlkes, D. C. Joy and M. L. Simpson. This team is widely

  1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dynamic Conductivity of Ferroelectric Domain Walls in BiFeO3 Peter Maksymovych,1 Jan Seidel,2-3 Ying Hao Chu,4 Pingping Wu,5 Arthur P. Baddorf,1 Long-Qing Chen,5 Sergei V. Kalinin,1 and Ramamoorthy Ramesh2-3 1 Center for Nanophase Materials Science, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 3 University of California, Berkeley 4 National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan 5 Pennsylvania State University Achievement Two years ago, electrical conductivity was discovered in

  2. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Controlling the Edge Morphology in Graphene Layers using Electron Irradiation: From Sharp Atomic Edges to Coalesced Layers Forming Loops Eduardo Cruz-Silva,1 Andrés R. Botello-Méndez,2 Zachary Barnett,1 X. Jia,3 M.S. Dresselhaus,4 Humberto Terrones,2 Mauricio Terrones,5 Bobby G. Sumpter,1 Vincent Meunier1 1- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 2-Université Catholique de Louvain, Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences, Belgium 3-Department of Materials Science and

  3. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Contacts

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CNMS CONTACTS Mailing address: Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Oak Ridge National Laboratory P.O. Box 2008 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6496 FAX: 865.574.1753 Staff Directory Organization Chart Director Hans Christen christenhm@ornl.gov P: 865.574.5081 Deputy Director Bobby Sumpter sumpterbg@ornl.gov P: 865.574.4973 Division Administrative Support Amanda Zetans, zetansac@ornl.gov P: 865.241.1182 User Program Manager Tony Haynes, hayneste@ornl.gov P: 865.576.2858 Operations Manager Scott

  4. Materials Sciences Programs. Fiscal Year 1980, Office of Basic Energy Sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    This report provides a convenient compilation index of the DOE Materials Sciences Division programs. This compilation is intended for use by administrators, managers, and scientists to help coordinate research and as an aid in selecting new programs and is divided into Sections A and B, listing all the projects, Section C, a summary of funding levels, and Section D, an index (the investigator index is in two parts - laboratory and contract research).

  5. Living in a Materials World: Materials Science Engineering Professional Development for K-12 Educators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anne Seifert; Louis Nadelson

    2011-06-01

    Advances in materials science are fundamental to technological developments and have broad societal impacs. For example, a cellular phone is composed of a polymer case, liquid crystal displays, LEDs, silicon chips, Ni-Cd batteries, resistors, capacitors, speakers, microphones all of which have required advances in materials science to be compacted into a phone which is typically smaller than a deck of cards. Like many technological developments, cellular phones have become a ubiquitous part of society, and yet most people know little about the materials science associated with their manufacture. The probable condition of constrained knowledge of materials science was the motivation for developing and offering a 20 hour fourday course called 'Living in a Materials World.' In addition, materials science provides a connection between our every day experiences and the work of scientists and engineers. The course was offered as part of a larger K-12 teacher professional development project and was a component of a week-long summer institute designed specifically for upper elementary and middle school teachers which included 20 hour content strands, and 12 hours of plenary sessions, planning, and collaborative sharing. The focus of the institute was on enhancing teacher content knowledge in STEM, their capacity for teaching using inquiry, their comfort and positive attitudes toward teaching STEM, their knowledge of how people learn, and strategies for integrating STEM throughout the curriculum. In addition to the summer institute the participating teachers were provided with a kit of about $300 worth of materials and equipment to use to implement the content they learned in their classrooms. As part of this professional development project the participants were required to design and implement 5 lesson plans with their students this fall and report on the results, as part of the continuing education course associated with the project. 'Living in a Materials World' was one of the fifteen content strands offered at the institute. The summer institute participants were pre/post tested on their comfort with STEM, their perceptions of STEM education, their pedagogical discontentment, their implementations of inquiry, their attitudes toward student learning of STEM, and their content knowledge associated with their specific content strand. The results from our research indicate a significant increase in content knowledge (t = 11.36, p < .01) for the Living in a Materials World strand participants. Overall the summer institute participants were found to have significant increases in their comfort levels for teaching STEM (t = 10.94, p < .01), in inquiry implementation (t = 5.72, p < .01) and efficacy for teaching STEM (t = 6.27, p < .01) and significant decrease in pedagogical discontentment (t = -6.26, p < .01).

  6. CNS supports Tenn. Science Bowl | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Officer of Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Consolidated Nuclear Security, LLC, was a gold sponsor of the 2015 Tennessee Science Bowl, which took place in February. More than 50...

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Soft Condensed Matter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Design Core materials characterization Core materials characterization

  8. Materials Science and Materials Chemistry for Large Scale Electrochemical Energy Storage: From Transportation to Electrical Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Jun; Zhang, Jiguang; Yang, Zhenguo; Lemmon, John P.; Imhoff, Carl H.; Graff, Gordon L.; Li, Liyu; Hu, Jian Z.; Wang, Chong M.; Xiao, Jie; Xia, Guanguang; Viswanathan, Vilayanur V.; Baskaran, Suresh; Sprenkle, Vincent L.; Li, Xiaolin; Shao, Yuyan; Schwenzer, Birgit

    2013-02-15

    Large-scale electrical energy storage has become more important than ever for reducing fossil energy consumption in transportation and for the widespread deployment of intermittent renewable energy in electric grid. However, significant challenges exist for its applications. Here, the status and challenges are reviewed from the perspective of materials science and materials chemistry in electrochemical energy storage technologies, such as Li-ion batteries, sodium (sulfur and metal halide) batteries, Pb-acid battery, redox flow batteries, and supercapacitors. Perspectives and approaches are introduced for emerging battery designs and new chemistry combinations to reduce the cost of energy storage devices.

  9. Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    (SC) Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Community Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: Email Us More Information » 04.01.13 Discovery of New Materials to Capture

  10. Magnetic Systems Mimic Granular Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Magnetic Systems Mimic Granular Materials Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Community Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: Email Us More Information » 06.01.13 Magnetic Systems Mimic Granular Materials Magnetic

  11. A case for Sandia investment in complex adaptive systems science and technology.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colbaugh, Richard; Tsao, Jeffrey Yeenien; Johnson, Curtis Martin; Backus, George A.; Brown, Theresa Jean; Jones, Katherine A.

    2012-05-01

    This white paper makes a case for Sandia National Laboratories investments in complex adaptive systems science and technology (S&T) -- investments that could enable higher-value-added and more-robustly-engineered solutions to challenges of importance to Sandia's national security mission and to the nation. Complex adaptive systems are ubiquitous in Sandia's national security mission areas. We often ignore the adaptive complexity of these systems by narrowing our 'aperture of concern' to systems or subsystems with a limited range of function exposed to a limited range of environments over limited periods of time. But by widening our aperture of concern we could increase our impact considerably. To do so, the science and technology of complex adaptive systems must mature considerably. Despite an explosion of interest outside of Sandia, however, that science and technology is still in its youth. What has been missing is contact with real (rather than model) systems and real domain-area detail. With its center-of-gravity as an engineering laboratory, Sandia's has made considerable progress applying existing science and technology to real complex adaptive systems. It has focused much less, however, on advancing the science and technology itself. But its close contact with real systems and real domain-area detail represents a powerful strength with which to help complex adaptive systems science and technology mature. Sandia is thus both a prime beneficiary of, as well as potentially a prime contributor to, complex adaptive systems science and technology. Building a productive program in complex adaptive systems science and technology at Sandia will not be trivial, but a credible path can be envisioned: in the short run, continue to apply existing science and technology to real domain-area complex adaptive systems; in the medium run, jump-start the creation of new science and technology capability through Sandia's Laboratory Directed Research and Development program; and in the long run, inculcate an awareness at the Department of Energy of the importance of supporting complex adaptive systems science through its Office of Science.

  12. DOE-EERE/NIST Joint Workshop on Combinatorial Materials Science for

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Applications in Energy | Department of Energy EERE/NIST Joint Workshop on Combinatorial Materials Science for Applications in Energy DOE-EERE/NIST Joint Workshop on Combinatorial Materials Science for Applications in Energy The Hydrogen Storage Subprogram of the U.S. Department of Energy co-hosted with the NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology) Combinatorial Methods Center (NCMC) a workshop titled "High-Throughput/Combinatorial Material Science for Applications in

  13. Energy Materials and Processes, An EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burk, Linda H.

    2014-12-16

    The report summarizes discussions at the Energy Materials and Process EMSL Science Theme Advisory Panel Workshop held July 7-8, 2014.

  14. Rajendran, N. 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ACI Committee 229 Rajendran, N. 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 20 FOSSIL-FUELED POWER PLANTS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; FLY ASH; WASTE PRODUCT UTILIZATION; BACKFILLING; THERMAL...

  15. Damaged Material, Heal Thyself | U.S. DOE Office of Science ...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22Germantown ... Damaged Material, Heal Thyself Internal storage compartments release droplets of "healing" ...

  16. Chemistry {ampersand} Materials Science progress report summary of selected research and development topics, FY97

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newkirk, L.

    1997-12-01

    This report contains summaries of research performed in the Chemistry and Materials Science division. Topics include Metals and Ceramics, High Explosives, Organic Synthesis, Instrument Development, and other topics.

  17. Postdoctoral Research Fellow Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & transport properties of the materials, which in turn can be used to engineer better solid electrolyte materials 2. Automation & Data Analytics * Designing a new material for...

  18. Physical Behavior of Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Physical Behavior of Materials Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities Reports and Activities Science Highlights Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Physical Behavior of Materials Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page This research area supports basic research on the behavior of materials in response to external stimuli, such as

  19. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities Reports and Activities Science Highlights Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Research is supported to understand, design, and control materials properties and function. These goals

  20. Materials Discovery Design and Synthesis | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Discovery Design and Synthesis Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities Reports and Activities Science Highlights Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Materials Discovery Design and Synthesis Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Research is supported in the discovery and design of novel materials and the development of innovative materials

  1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Oak Ridge, TN 37831 2-University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany 3-National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine Achievement Here we report direct measurements of oxygen...

  2. Material Management/Strategic Reserve | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... Material Management/Strategic Reserve Y-12 ensures safe, secure and compliant storage of the nation's strategic reserve of nuclear materials at Y-12. Our Nuclear Materials Management and Storage Program receives, stores, protects, dispositions and manages strategic and special nuclear materials and provides programmatic planning, analysis and forecasting for national security material requirements supporting Stockpile Stewardship and other DOE programs

  3. Special Training Materials | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Special Training Materials Special Training Materials Members of the 54th WMD Civil Support Team (Wisconsin National Guard) operate a decontamination line while practicing proper...

  4. Computational Materials Sciences Awards | U.S. DOE Office of...

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    ... layered materials with energy-related application to electronics and catalysis. Validation of materials specific predictions includes ultrafast free electron laser experiments ...

  5. Material Recycle and Recovery | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Recycle and ... Material Recycle and Recovery Y-12 recycles and recovers enriched uranium from retired weapons and other excess or salvage materials, including some retired fuel elements and nuclear materials from other countries. This mission ensures that excess materials from Y-12 and other parts of the world are processed to a safer form for long-term storage or reuse. Recycled material is used for such things as feedstock for the Naval Reactors Program or for research reactors that produce

  6. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Characterization and Carbonization of Highly-Oriented Poly(diiododiacetylene) Nanofibers Judson D. Ryckman†, Marco Liscidini‡, J. E. Sipe§, and S. M. Weiss† †Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA ‡Dipartimento di Fisica "A. Volta", Universita degli Studi di Pavia, via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia, Italy §Department of Physics and Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, 60 St. George St.

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Direct Imprinting of Porous Substrates: A Rapid and Low-Cost Approach for Patterning Porous Nanomaterials Judson D. Ryckman†, Marco Liscidini‡, J. E. Sipe§, and S. M. Weiss† †Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235, USA ‡Dipartimento di Fisica "A. Volta", Universita degli Studi di Pavia, via Bassi 6, 27100 Pavia, Italy §Department of Physics and Institute for Optical Sciences, University of Toronto, 60 St.

  8. Nuclear Materials Characterization in the Materials and Fuels Complex Analytical Hot Cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Rodriquez

    2009-03-01

    As energy prices skyrocket and interest in alternative, clean energy sources builds, interest in nuclear energy has increased. This increased interest in nuclear energy has been termed the Nuclear Renaissance. The performance of nuclear fuels, fuels and reactor materials and waste products are becoming a more important issue as the potential for designing new nuclear reactors is more immediate. The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) Analytical Laboratory Hot Cells (ALHC) are rising to the challenge of characterizing new reactor materials, byproducts and performance. The ALHC is a facility located near Idaho Falls, Idaho at the INL Site. It was built in 1958 as part of the former Argonne National Laboratory West Complex to support the operation of the second Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II). It is part of a larger analytical laboratory structure that includes wet chemistry, instrumentation and radiochemistry laboratories. The purpose of the ALHC is to perform analytical chemistry work on highly radioactive materials. The primary work in the ALHC has traditionally been dissolution of nuclear materials so that less radioactive subsamples (aliquots) could be transferred to other sections of the laboratory for analysis. Over the last 50 years though, the capabilities within the ALHC have also become independent of other laboratory sections in a number of ways. While dissolution, digestion and subdividing samples are still a vitally important role, the ALHC has stand alone capabilities in the area of immersion density, gamma scanning and combustion gas analysis. Recent use of the ALHC for immersion density shows that extremely fine and delicate operations can be performed with the master-slave manipulators by qualified operators. Twenty milligram samples were tested for immersion density to determine the expansion of uranium dioxide after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. The data collected confirmed modeling analysis with very tight precision. The gamma scanning equipment in the ALHC has taken on a new role also as a micro-gamma scanning system and has been put into service; allowing the linear and radial counting of a spent fuel segment to determine reaction characteristics within a small section of nuclear fuel. The nitrogen, oxygen and carbon analysis allows the identification of these impurities in spent nuclear fuel and also most oxides, nitrides, carbides, C-14 and tritium.

  9. New Materials Family on the Block | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    New Materials Family on the Block Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Community Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences U.S. Department of Energy SC-22/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3081 F: (301) 903-6594 E: Email Us More Information » 12.14.15 New Materials Family on the Block A family of single-phase

  10. Molecular Environmental Science Using Synchrotron Radiation: Chemistry and Physics of Waste Form Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindle, Dennis W.

    2011-04-21

    Production of defense-related nuclear materials has generated large volumes of complex chemical wastes containing a mixture of radionuclides. The disposition of these wastes requires conversion of the liquid and solid-phase components into durable, solid forms suitable for long-term immobilization. Specially formulated glass compositions and ceramics such as pyrochlores and apatites are the main candidates for these wastes. An important consideration linked to the durability of waste-form materials is the local structure around the waste components. Equally important is the local structure of constituents of the glass and ceramic host matrix. Knowledge of the structure in the waste-form host matrices is essential, prior to and subsequent to waste incorporation, to evaluate and develop improved waste-form compositions based on scientific considerations. This project used the soft-x-ray synchrotron-radiation-based technique of near-edge x-ray-absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) as a unique method for investigating oxidation states and structures of low-Z elemental constituents forming the backbones of glass and ceramic host matrices for waste-form materials. In addition, light metal ions in ceramic hosts, such as titanium, are also ideal for investigation by NEXAFS in the soft-x-ray region. Thus, one of the main objectives was to understand outstanding issues in waste-form science via NEXAFS investigations and to translate this understanding into better waste-form materials, followed by eventual capability to investigate real waste-form materials by the same methodology. We conducted several detailed structural investigations of both pyrochlore ceramic and borosilicate-glass materials during the project and developed improved capabilities at Beamline 6.3.1 of the Advanced Light Source (ALS) to perform the studies.

  11. Special Training Materials | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Special Training Materials Special Training Materials Members of the 54th WMD Civil Support Team (Wisconsin National Guard) operate a decontamination line while practicing proper personnel monitoring techniques. Realistic training is enhanced by the use of relevant quantities of nuclear and radiological materials. These materials force teams to exercise the full range of their equipment and to properly exercise tactics, techniques and procedures. The Y-12 site license allows the use of

  12. DOE-EERE/NIST Joint Workshop on Combinatorial Materials Science...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    half-day sessions were focused on discovery of hydrogen storage materials, one half-day session on fuel cell membranes, and one half-day session on organic photovoltaic materials. ...

  13. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Science Office of Science * * * Office of Science Office of * * * * * Office of Science Office of Science * * * Office of Science * * * * 287 115...

  14. ASM Materials Camp 2015 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ASM Materials Camp 2015 ASM Materials Camp 2015 The mp4 video format is not supported by this browser. Download video Captions: On Time: 3:17 min. Twenty students participated in the ASM Materials camp where they analyzed pieces of the Columbia space shuttle

  15. Fermilab Accelerator Complex | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Fermilab Accelerator Complex High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities User Facilities Fermilab Accelerator Complex Facility for Advanced Accelerator Experimental Tests (FACET) Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) Facility Ops Projects, Missions, and Status Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory Committees Community Resources Contact Information High Energy Physics U.S. Department of Energy SC-25/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington,

  16. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy Materials Science Go to Research Groups Preprints Provided by Individual Scientists: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ackland, Graeme (Graeme Ackland) - Centre for Materials Science and Engineering & School of Physics, University of Edinburgh Adams, James B (James B Adams) - Department of Chemical and Materials

  17. Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Highly Enriched Uranium ... Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility HEUMF The Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility is our nation's central repository for highly enriched uranium, a vital national security asset. HEUMF is a massive concrete and steel structure that provides maximum security for the highly enriched uranium material that it protects. Approximately 300 feet by 475 feet, HEUMF has areas for receiving, shipping and providing long-term storage of the enriched uranium, as well

  18. Nuclear Material Recovery | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - energy. Global Security Cooley joins Y-12's Global Security and Strategic Partnerships Manufacturing and Technical Services Nuclear Material Recovery Central Scrap Management...

  19. Nuclear Material Disposition | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    examples. Global Security Cooley joins Y-12's Global Security and Strategic Partnerships Manufacturing and Technical Services Nuclear Material Recovery Nuclear Detection and...

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Related ORNL...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In particular, the facilities listed on this page offer a variety of capabilities for materials characterization and computational nanoscience that may enhance the research...

  1. Biomolecular Materials | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    polymeric, and biological, materials and systems that demonstrate energy conversion and storage capabilities found in nature; functional systems with collective properties ...

  2. Energy Frontier Research Center, Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todd R. Allen

    2011-12-01

    This is a document required by Basic Energy Sciences as part of a mid-term review, in the third year of the five-year award period and is intended to provide a critical assessment of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels (strategic vision, scientific plans and progress, and technical accomplishments).

  3. Advanced Process Technology: Combi Materials Science and Atmospheric Processing (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-06-01

    Capabilities fact sheet for the National Center for Photovoltaics: Process Technology and Advanced Concepts -- High-Throughput Combi Material Science and Atmospheric Processing that includes scope, core competencies and capabilities, and contact/web information.

  4. Complex-wide representation of material packaged in 3013 containers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narlesky, Joshua E.; Peppers, Larry G.; Friday, Gary P.

    2009-06-01

    The DOE sites packaging plutonium oxide materials packaged according to Department of Energy 3013 Standard (DOE-STD-3013) are responsible for ensuring that the materials are represented by one or more samples in the Materials Identification and Surveillance (MIS) program. The sites categorized most of the materials into process groups, and the remaining materials were characterized, based on the prompt gamma analysis results. The sites issued documents to identify the relationships between the materials packaged in 3013 containers and representative materials in the MIS program. These Represented documents were then reviewed and concurred with by the MIS Working Group. However, these documents were developed uniquely at each site and were issued before completion of sample characterization, small-scale experiments, and prompt gamma analysis, which provided more detailed information about the chemical impurities and the behavior of the material in storage. Therefore, based on the most recent data, relationships between the materials packaged in 3013 containers and representative materials in the MIS program been revised. With the prompt gamma analysis completed for Hanford, Rocky Flats, and Savannah River Site 3013 containers, MIS items have been assigned to the 3013 containers for which representation is based on the prompt gamma analysis results. With the revised relationships and the prompt gamma analysis results, a Master Represented table has been compiled to document the linkages between each 3013 container packaged to date and its representative MIS items. This table provides an important link between the Integrated Surveillance Program database, which contains information about each 3013 container to the MIS items database, which contains the characterization, prompt gamma data, and storage behavior data from shelf-life experiments for the representative MIS items.

  5. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Distinguished Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Gabriel Aeppli Head of the Synchrotron and Nanotechnology Department Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland Accelerator-based Light Sources for the Future Wednesday, August 12, 2015 2:00 to 3:00pm MSL Auditorium (TA-03, Bldg. 1698, Room A103) Abstract: We review current and future accelerator-based light sources and their applications to science, medicine and engineering. Particular attention is given to competing technologies such as electron microscopies. Bio: Gabriel Aeppli is professor of

  6. UNCLASSIFIED Institute for Materials Science Distinguished Lecture Series

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. Joël Mesot Director, Paul Scherrer Institute, Switzerland Probing Excitations in Strongly Correlated Electron Systems: Recent Highlights Obtained at the Large-Scale Facilities of the Paul Scherrer Institute Thursday, June 11, 2015 2 - 3 PM TA-03, Bldg. 1698, Room A103 (MSL Auditorium) Abstract: The Paul Scherrer Institute, PSI, is the largest research center for natural and engineering sciences within Switzerland. One of its main missions is to conceive, realize and run so-called

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Becoming A User

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NOTICE Regarding Public Dissemination of User Project Information Beginning in FY 2015, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science (SC) will require that a limited set of information relating to your user project/experiment be transmitted to SC at the conclusion of each fiscal year (see SC announcement). A subset of this information, including your name, institutional affiliation(s), and project title(s), will be publically disseminated as part of an SC user facility user

  8. Reactor and Material Supply | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reactor and Material Supply Reactor and Material Supply Y-12 has processed highly enriched uranium for more than 60 years in support of the nation's defense. The end of the Cold War and ensuing strategic arms control treaties have resulted in an excess of HEU materials. In 1994, approximately 174 metric tons of weapons-usable HEU was declared surplus to defense needs. The HEU disposition program was established to make the surplus HEU unsuitable for use in weapons by blending it down to

  9. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Summer Newsletter 2010

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    were recently purchased with American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds, including new SEM and TEMSTEM capabilities for soft materials, small-angle x-ray scattering, and in the...

  10. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Achievement: The material of choice for spintronics device today is FeMgOFe tunnel ... by modi?cation of the interface is an important topic in spintronics research. ...

  11. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    H. Weitering, Nature Materials 7, 539 (2008). The research was sponsored by the National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health Grant R01HG002647 (CZ), NSF...

  12. Opportunities for Materials Science and Biological Research at the OPAL Research Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, S. J.

    2008-03-17

    Neutron scattering techniques have evolved over more than 1/2 century into a powerful set of tools for determination of atomic and molecular structures. Modern facilities offer the possibility to determine complex structures over length scales from {approx}0.1 nm to {approx}500 nm. They can also provide information on atomic and molecular dynamics, on magnetic interactions and on the location and behaviour of hydrogen in a variety of materials. The OPAL Research Reactor is a 20 megawatt pool type reactor using low enriched uranium fuel, and cooled by water. OPAL is a multipurpose neutron factory with modern facilities for neutron beam research, radioisotope production and irradiation services. The neutron beam facility has been designed to compete with the best beam facilities in the world. After six years in construction, the reactor and neutron beam facilities are now being commissioned, and we will commence scientific experiments later this year. The presentation will include an outline of the strengths of neutron scattering and a description of the OPAL research reactor, with particular emphasis on it's scientific infrastructure. It will also provide an overview of the opportunities for research in materials science and biology that will be possible at OPAL, and mechanisms for accessing the facilities. The discussion will emphasize how researchers from around the world can utilize these exciting new facilities.

  13. High-Throughput Experimental Approach Capabilities | Materials Science |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NREL High-Throughput Experimental Approach Capabilities An image of a triangular diagram with cobalt oxide at the top vertex, zinc oxide at the lower left vertex, and nickel oxide at the lower right vertex. Colored section in upper half indicates conductivity of materials at constant oxygen partial pressure and temperature. Highest conductivity is represented by yellow and is for materials in the upper right sector. NREL's high-throughput experimental approach is based on the extensive set

  14. Chemistry and Materials Science, 1990--1991. [Second annual report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sugihara, T.T.; Bruner, J.M.; McElroy, L.A.

    1991-12-31

    This 2-year (FY 1990-91) contains 49 technical articles in ten sections: research sampler, metals and alloys, energetic materials, chemistry and physics of advanced materials, bonding and reactions at surfaces and interfaces, superconductivity, energy R and D, waste processing and management, characterization and analysis, and facilities and instrumentation. Two more sections list department personnel, their publications etc., consultants, and summary of department budgets. The articles are processed separately for the data base. (DLC)

  15. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    domain structures and mesoscopic phase transition in relaxor ferroelectrics A.L. Kholkin,1 A. N. Morozovska,2 D. A. Kiselev,1 I.K. Bdikin,1 B.J. Rodriguez,3 P. Wu,4 A.A. Bokov,5 Z.-G. Ye,5 B. Dkhil,6 L.-Q. Chen,4 M. Kosec,7 S. V. Kalinin8 1University of Aveiro, Portugal, 2National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 3University College Dublin, Ireland 4Pennsylvania State University, 5Simon Fraser University, Canada, 6Ecole Centrale Paris, 7Jozef Stefan Institute, Slovenia, 8Oak Ridge National

  16. 1992 annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-31

    In 1992 the Santa Fe Institute hosted more than 100 short- and long-term research visitors who conducted a total of 212 person-months of residential research in complex systems. To date this 1992 work has resulted in more than 50 SFI Working Papers and nearly 150 publications in the scientific literature. The Institute`s book series in the sciences of complexity continues to grow, now numbering more than 20 volumes. The fifth annual complex systems summer school brought nearly 60 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to Santa Fe for an intensive introduction to the field. Research on complex systems-the focus of work at SFI-involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex adaptive behavior range upwards from DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complex behavior include spin glasses, cellular automata, and genetic algorithms. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simple components; (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy); and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions.

  17. Relationships Between Complex Core Level Spectra and Materials Properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelin, Constance J.; Bagus, Paul S.; Ilton, Eugene S.; Chambers, Scott A.; Kuhlenbeck, Helmut; Freund, Hans-Joachim

    2010-12-01

    The XPS of many oxides are quite complex and there may be several peaks of significant intensity for each subshell. These peaks arise from many-electron effects, which normally are treated with configuration interaction (CI) wavefunctions where static correlation effects are taken into account. It is common to use semiempirical methods to determine the matrix elements of the CI Hamiltonian and there are few rigorous CI calculations where parameters are not adjusted to fit experiment. In contrast, we present, in the present work, theoretical XPS spectra obtained with rigorous CI wavefunctions for CeO2 where the XPS are especially complex; several different core levels are studied. This study uses an embedded CeO8 cluster model to represent bulk CeO2 and the relativistic CI wavefunctions are determined using four-component spinors from Dirac-Fock calculations. In particular, we examine the importance of interatomic many-body effects where there is a transfer of electrons from occupied oxygen 2p orbitals into empty cation orbitals as it is common to ascribe the complex XPS to this effect. We also contrast the importance of many-body charge-transfer effects for the isoelectronic cations of Ce4+ and La3+. The long-range goal of this work is to relate the XPS features to the nature of the chemical bonding in CeO2 and we describe our progress toward this goal.

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Self-Assembled Nanostructures from Well-defined Amphiphilic Block Copolymers K. Hong, J. W. Mays, and P. F. Britt, CNMS Macromolecular Complex System Group Self-assembly is the autonomous organization of components into patterns or structures. Self-assembling processes are common throughout nature and technology. They involve components from the molecular (~10-9m) to the planetary (~106m) scale and many different kinds of interactions. Self-assembly is of interest to many within the greater

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Collective Phenomena in

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanophases (CPN) COLLECTIVE PHENOMENA IN NANOPHASES The overarching research goal of the Collective Phenomena in Nanophases (CPN) theme is to understand how collective phenomena arise from correlations and fluctuations, confinement, and coordination across length and time scales, and to control these phenomena to produce complex functionality. In particular, we seek to understand the mechanism(s) whereby unique assemblies of atoms and molecules are formed under realistic conditions to enable

  20. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Active CNMS User Projects

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ACTIVE USER PROJECTS Proposal Cycle 2016A: expire January 31, 2017 Proposal Cycle 2015B: expire July 31, 2016 Proposal Cycle 2015A (extended): expire January 31, 2017 Proposal Cycle 2014B (extended): expire July 31, 2016 Proposal Cycle 2016A: expire January 31, 2017 HRTEM Analysis of Electrospun Ionomer/PVDF Single Fiber Proton Conducting Nanofibers and Membranes Peter Pintauro, Vanderbilt University [CNMS2016-001] Characterization of complex oxide heterostructures with x-ray reflectometry in

  1. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Designing New Materials with Nanostructures as Building Blocks Vincent Meunier and Sefa Dag, CNMS Jose Manuel Romo Herrera, Mauricio Terrones and Humberto Terrones, Instituto Potosino de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica, San Luis Potosi, Mexico Novel and robust networks, tailored from nanostructures as building blocks, are the foundations for constructing nano- and microdevices. However, assembling nanostructures into ordered micronetworks remains a significant challenge in nanotechnology.

  2. Ethnic Diversity in Materials Science and Engineering. A report on the workshop on ethnic diversity in materials science and engineering.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwartz, Justin

    2014-06-30

    The immediate goal of the workshop was to elevate and identify issues and challenges that have impeded participation of diverse individuals in MSE. The longerterm goals are to continue forward by gathering and disseminating data, launching and tracking initiatives to mitigate the impediments, and increase the number of diverse individuals pursuing degrees and careers in MSE. The larger goal, however, is to create over time an ever-increasing number of role models in science fields who will, in turn, draw others in to contribute to the workforce of the future.

  3. Solar Energy Educational Material, Activities and Science Projects

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Solar Energy Educational Materials Solar with glasses "The sun has produced energy for billions of years. Solar energy is the solar radiation that reaches the earth. Solar energy can be converted directly or indirectly into other forms of energy, such as heat and electricity. ... [It can be] used for heating water for domestic use, space heating of buildings, drying agricultural products, and generating electrical energy." - Edited excerpt from Solar Energy - Energy from the Sun DOE

  4. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CNMS RESEARCH Synthesis and Directed Growth of Single-Crystal TCNQ-Cu Organic Nanowires K. Xiao, J. Tao, and Z. Liu (CNMS Postdocs); I. N. Ivanov, A.A. Puretzky, Z. Pan, and D.B. Geohegan (CNMS Staff); and S. J. Pennycook (ORNL) Achievement Few synthesis experiments have been reported for nanowires of organic semiconductors, despite the proposed use of organic thin-film materials in energy-related optoelectronic devices such as solid state lighting and photovoltaic cells. Although nanostructures

  5. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Spin injection in conjugated polymer for enhanced solid-state lighting efficiency Bin Hu and Yue Wu (CNMS users), University of Tennessee; An-Ping Li and Jian Shen (CNMS Staff), and Jane Howe (ORNL) Achievement In this work, we have explored the introduction of spin polarization in p-conjugated polymer MEHPPV [Poly(2-methoxy-5-(2'-methylhexyloxy)-1,4 phenylenevinylene] by using spin injection from ferromagnetic materials. The approach uses thermal deposition to prepare Co nanodots on polymer

  6. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanofibers Arrays Record Electrophysiological Signals Zhe Yu and Barclay Morrison III, (Department of Biomedical Engineering, Columbia University), T. E. McKnight, M. N. Ericson, (ESTD, ORNL) A. V. Melechko, and M. L. Simpson (CNMS, ORNL) Achievement The controlled synthesis and directed assembly of nanoscale materials is a key requirement to create functional interfaces between synthetic and biological systems. Along these lines, recent advances in the controlled

  7. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Functional Polymer and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hybrid Architectures (FPHA) FUNCTIONAL POLYMER AND HYBRID ARCHITECTURES (FPHA) The overarching goal of the Functional Polymer and Hybrid Architectures (FPHA) theme is to understand, design, and manipulate the multiscale self-assembly of macromolecular and hybrid materials to tailor electronic transport and response. The emphasis is on probing the mechanisms of self-assembly that are essential for the development of functional hybrid architectures of relevance to energy technologies, such as

  8. Pu-bearing materials - from fundamental science to storage standards.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tam, S. W.; Liu, Y.; Decision and Information Sciences; Michigan Technical Univ.

    2008-01-01

    The behavior of plutonium (Pu) oxides in the presence of water/moisture in a confined space and the associated issues of hydrogen and oxygen generation due to radiolysis have important implications for the storage and transportation of Pu-bearing materials. This paper reviews the results of recent studies of gas generation in the Pu-O-H system, including the determination of release rates via engineering-scale measurement. The observations of the significant differences in gas generation behavior between 'pure' Pu-bearing materials and those that contain salt impurities are addressed. In conjunction with the discussion of these empirical observations, the work also addresses recent scientific advances in the investigations of the Pu-O-H system using state-of-the-art ab initio electronic structure calculations, as well as advanced synchrotron techniques to determine the electronic structure of the various Pu-containing phases. The role of oxidizing species such as the hydroxyl radical from the radiolysis of water is examined. Discussed also is the challenge in the predictive ab-initio calculations of the electronic structure of the Pu-H-O system, due to the nature of the 5f valence electrons in Pu. Coupled with the continuing material surveillance program, it is anticipated that this work may help determine the electronic structure of the various Pu-containing phases and the role of impurity salts on gas generation and the long-term stability of oxygen/hydrogen-containing plutonium oxides beyond PuO{sub 2}.

  9. Assembling Complex Plant Genomes | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Assembling Complex Plant Genomes Biological and Environmental Research (BER) BER Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Searchable Archive of BER Highlights External link Benefits of BER Funding Opportunities Biological & Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC) Community Resources Contact Information Biological and Environmental Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-23/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-3251 F: (301) 903-5051

  10. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - CNMS User Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Phonon softening and metallization of a narrow-gap semiconductor by thermal disorder O. Delaire,1 K. Marty,1 M. B. Stone,1 P. R. C. Kent,1 M. S. Lucas,2 D. L. Abernathy,1 D. Mandrus,1 B. C. Sales1 1- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 2-Air Force Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH 45433 Achievement We have shown how, in some materials, there can be a surprisingly strong coupling between certain features of the electronic structure and the way the atoms in a solid

  11. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    NEWS "New material could lead to longer-lasting batteries," PC World (October 24, 2014) "Super stable garnet ceramics may be ideal for high-energy lithium batteries," ChemEurope (October 23, 2014) "Novel approach to magnetic measurements atom-by-atom," Uppsala University (October 1, 2014) "Pixel Engineered Electronics Have Growth Potential," Rice University (September 29, 2014) "Interface surprises may motivate novel oxide electronic devices,"

  12. Serial snapshot crystallography for materials science with SwissFEL

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Dejoie, Catherine; Smeets, Stef; Baerlocher, Christian; Tamura, Nobumichi; Pattison, Philip; Abela, Rafael; McCusker, Lynne B.

    2015-04-21

    New opportunities for studying (sub)microcrystalline materials with small unit cells, both organic and inorganic, will open up when the X-ray free electron laser (XFEL) presently being constructed in Switzerland (SwissFEL) comes online in 2017. Our synchrotron-based experiments mimicking the 4%-energy-bandpass mode of the SwissFEL beam show that it will be possible to record a diffraction pattern of up to 10 randomly oriented crystals in a single snapshot, to index the resulting reflections, and to extract their intensities reliably. The crystals are destroyed with each XFEL pulse, but by combining snapshots from several sets of crystals, a complete set of datamore » can be assembled, and crystal structures of materials that are difficult to analyze otherwise will become accessible. Even with a single shot, at least a partial analysis of the crystal structure will be possible, and with 10–50 femtosecond pulses, this offers tantalizing possibilities for time-resolved studies.« less

  13. The Science of Electrode Materials for Lithium Batteries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fultz, Brent

    2007-03-15

    Rechargeable lithium batteries continue to play the central role in power systems for portable electronics, and could play a role of increasing importance for hybrid transportation systems that use either hydrogen or fossil fuels. For example, fuel cells provide a steady supply of power, whereas batteries are superior when bursts of power are needed. The National Research Council recently concluded that for dismounted soldiers "Among all possible energy sources, hybrid systems provide the most versatile solutions for meeting the diverse needs of the Future Force Warrior. The key advantage of hybrid systems is their ability to provide power over varying levels of energy use, by combining two power sources." The relative capacities of batteries versus fuel cells in a hybrid power system will depend on the capabilities of both. In the longer term, improvements in the cost and safety of lithium batteries should lead to a substantial role for electrochemical energy storage subsystems as components in fuel cell or hybrid vehicles. We have completed a basic research program for DOE BES on anode and cathode materials for lithium batteries, extending over 6 years with a 1 year phaseout period. The emphasis was on the thermodynamics and kinetics of the lithiation reaction, and how these pertain to basic electrochemical properties that we measure experimentally — voltage and capacity in particular. In the course of this work we also studied the kinetic processes of capacity fade after cycling, with unusual results for nanostructued Si and Ge materials, and the dynamics underlying electronic and ionic transport in LiFePO4. This document is the final report for this work.

  14. Materials from 2014 SunShot Summit BREAKOUT SESSION: THE NEW SCIENCE OF

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SOFT COSTS | Department of Energy THE NEW SCIENCE OF SOFT COSTS Materials from 2014 SunShot Summit BREAKOUT SESSION: THE NEW SCIENCE OF SOFT COSTS Solar non-hardware costs - the aggregation of all the time, effort, and fees expended while dealing with myriad people and processes - are now the greatest barrier to achieving national SunShot price and deployment targets. This "soft cost" challenge is nothing new; the sciences of innovation diffusion and market transformation have a

  15. MaRIE: A facility for time-dependent materials science at the mesoscale

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect MaRIE: A facility for time-dependent materials science at the mesoscale Citation Details In-Document Search Title: MaRIE: A facility for time-dependent materials science at the mesoscale Authors: Barnes, Cris William [1] ; Kippen, Karen Elizabeth [1] + Show Author Affiliations Los Alamos National Laboratory Publication Date: 2015-02-11 OSTI Identifier: 1170260 Report Number(s): LA-UR-15-20995 DOE Contract Number: AC52-06NA25396 Resource Type: Technical

  16. MaRIE: A facility for time-dependent materials science at the mesoscale

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Technical Report: MaRIE: A facility for time-dependent materials science at the mesoscale Citation Details In-Document Search Title: MaRIE: A facility for time-dependent materials science at the mesoscale × You are accessing a document from the Department of Energy's (DOE) SciTech Connect. This site is a product of DOE's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) and is provided as a public service. Visit OSTI to utilize additional information

  17. Hydrogen storage material and process using graphite additive with metal-doped complex hydrides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zidan, Ragaiy (Aiken, SC); Ritter, James A. (Lexington, SC); Ebner, Armin D. (Lexington, SC); Wang, Jun (Columbia, SC); Holland, Charles E. (Cayce, SC)

    2008-06-10

    A hydrogen storage material having improved hydrogen absorbtion and desorption kinetics is provided by adding graphite to a complex hydride such as a metal-doped alanate, i.e., NaAlH.sub.4. The incorporation of graphite into the complex hydride significantly enhances the rate of hydrogen absorbtion and desorption and lowers the desorption temperature needed to release stored hydrogen.

  18. FWP executive summaries. Basic Energy Sciences/Materials Sciences Programs (SNL/NM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samara, G.A.

    1994-01-01

    This report is divided into: budget, capital equipment requests, general programmatic overview and institutional issues, DOE center of excellence for synthesis and processing of advanced materials, industrial interactions and technology transfer, and research program summaries (new proposals, existing programs). Ceramics, semiconductors, superconductors, interfaces, CVD, tailored surfaces, adhesion, growth and epitaxy, boron-rich solids, nanoclusters, etc. are covered.

  19. DOE Science Showcase: Shape-Memory Materials | OSTI, US Dept of Energy,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information Science Showcase: Shape-Memory Materials A new plastic transforms from its original shape (left) through a series of temporary shapes and returns to its initial form. A new plastic transforms from its original shape (left) through a series of temporary shapes and returns to its initial form. Image credit: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Shape-memory materials have the ability to be transformed into another shape and then return to their original

  20. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Stockpile Stewardship National Security National Competitiveness Fusion and Ignition Energy for the Future How to Make a Star Discovery Science Photon Science HAPLS

  1. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear

  2. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear

  3. Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear Energy Nuclear

  4. The New Structural Materials Science Beamlines BL8A and 8B at Photon Factory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakao, A.; Sugiyama, H.; Koyama, A.; Watanabe, K.

    2010-06-23

    BL8A and 8B are new beamlines for structural materials science at Photon Factory. The primary characteristics of both beamlines are similar. The incident beam is monochromatized by the Si(111) double-flat crystal monochromator and focused at the sample position by a Rh-coated bent cylindrical quartz mirror. The Weissenberg-camera-type imaging-plate (IP) diffractometers were installed. The X-ray diffraction experiments for structural studies of strongly correlated materials, such as transition metals, molecular conductors, endohedral fullerenes, nano-materials, etc, are conducted at these stations.

  5. Immersive Visualization for Materials Science Data Analysis using the Oculus Rift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drouhard, Margaret MEG G; Steed, Chad A; Hahn, Steven E; Proffen, Thomas E; Daniel, Jamison R; Matheson, Michael A

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we propose strategies and objectives for immersive data visualization with applications in materials science using the Oculus Rift virtual reality headset. We provide background on currently available analysis tools for neutron scattering data and other large-scale materials science projects. In the context of the current challenges facing scientists, we discuss immersive virtual reality visualization as a potentially powerful solution. We introduce a prototype immersive visual- ization system, developed in conjunction with materials scientists at the Spallation Neutron Source, which we have used to explore large crystal structures and neutron scattering data. Finally, we offer our perspective on the greatest challenges that must be addressed to build effective and intuitive virtual reality analysis tools that will be useful for scientists in a wide range of fields.

  6. Year 1 Progress Report Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network Administration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rehr, John J.

    2012-08-02

    This document reports progress on the project Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network Administration, which is supported by DOE BES Grant DE-FG02-02ER45990 MOD 08. As stated in the original proposal, the primary goal of this project is to carry out the scientific administrative responsibilities for the Computational Materials and Chemical Sciences Network (CMCSN) of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. These responsibilities include organizing meetings, publishing and maintaining CMCSNs website, publishing a periodic newsletter, writing original material for both the website and the newsletter, maintaining CMCSN documentation, editing scientific documents, as needed, serving as liaison for the entire Network, facilitating information exchange across the network, communicating CMCSNs success stories to the larger community and numerous other tasks outside the purview of the scientists in the CMCSN. Given the dramatic increase in computational power, advances in computational materials science can have an enormous impact in science and technology. For many of the questions that can be addressed by computation there is a choice of theoretical techniques available, yet often there is no accepted understanding of the relative strengths and effectiveness of the competing approaches. The CMCSN fosters progress in this understanding by providing modest additional funding to research groups which engage in collaborative activities to develop, compare, and test novel computational techniques. Thus, the CMCSN provides the glue money which enables different groups to work together, building on their existing programs and expertise while avoiding unnecessary duplication of effort. This includes travel funding, partial postdoc salaries, and funding for periodic scientific meetings. The activities supported by this grant are briefly summarized below.

  7. Soft x-ray spectromicroscopy development for materials science at the Advanced Light Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warwick, T.; Padmore, H.; Ade, H.; Hitchcock, A.P.; Rightor, E.G.; Tonner, B.P.

    1996-08-01

    Several third generation synchrotron radiation facilities are now operational and the high brightness of these photon sources offers new opportunities for x-ray microscopy. Well developed synchrotron radiation spectroscopy techniques are being applied in new instruments capable of imaging the surface of a material with a spatial resolution smaller than one micron. There are two aspects to this. One is to further the field of surface science by exploring the effects of spatial variations across a surface on a scale not previously accessible to x-ray measurements. The other is to open up new analytical techniques in materials science using x-rays, on a spatial scale comparable to that of the processes or devices to be studied. The development of the spectromicroscopy program at the Advanced Light Source will employ a variety of instruments, some are already operational. Their development and use will be discussed, and recent results will be presented to illustrate their capabilities.

  8. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived CNMS in the News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARCHIVED CNMS IN THE NEWS Peter Cummings to Receive Touloukian Award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Peter Cummings, Principal Scientist at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences and John R. Hall Professor at Vanderbilt University, will receive the 2012 Yeram S. Touloukian Award from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). The award, consisting of a bronze medal, certificate and travel grant, is awarded once every three years to recognize outstanding technical

  9. Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane | U.S. DOE Office of Science

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    (SC) Discovery of New Materials to Capture Methane Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) ASCR Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of ASCR Funding Opportunities Advanced Scientific Computing Advisory Committee (ASCAC) Community Resources Contact Information Advanced Scientific Computing Research U.S. Department of Energy SC-21/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-7486 F: (301) 903-4846 E: Email Us More Information »

  10. Fusion Materials Science and Technology Research Needs: Now and During the ITER era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirth, Brian D.; Kurtz, Richard J.; Snead, Lance L.

    2013-09-30

    The plasma facing components, first wall and blanket systems of future tokamak-based fusion power plants arguably represent the single greatest materials engineering challenge of all time. Indeed, the United States National Academy of Engineering has recently ranked the quest for fusion as one of the top grand challenges for engineering in the 21st Century. These challenges are even more pronounced by the lack of experimental testing facilities that replicate the extreme operating environment involving simultaneous high heat and particle fluxes, large time varying stresses, corrosive chemical environments, and large fluxes of 14-MeV peaked fusion neutrons. This paper will review, and attempt to prioritize, the materials research and development challenges facing fusion nuclear science and technology into the ITER era and beyond to DEMO. In particular, the presentation will highlight the materials degradation mechanisms we anticipate to occur in the fusion environment, the temperature- displacement goals for fusion materials and plasma facing components and the near and long-term materials challenges required for both ITER, a fusion nuclear science facility and longer term ultimately DEMO.

  11. Probing the structure of complex solids using a distributed computing approach-Applications in zeolite science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    French, Samuel A.; Coates, Rosie; Lewis, Dewi W.; Catlow, C. Richard A.

    2011-06-15

    We demonstrate the viability of distributed computing techniques employing idle desktop computers in investigating complex structural problems in solids. Through the use of a combined Monte Carlo and energy minimisation method, we show how a large parameter space can be effectively scanned. By controlling the generation and running of different configurations through a database engine, we are able to not only analyse the data 'on the fly' but also direct the running of jobs and the algorithms for generating further structures. As an exemplar case, we probe the distribution of Al and extra-framework cations in the structure of the zeolite Mordenite. We compare our computed unit cells with experiment and find that whilst there is excellent correlation between computed and experimentally derived unit cell volumes, cation positioning and short-range Al ordering (i.e. near neighbour environment), there remains some discrepancy in the distribution of Al throughout the framework. We also show that stability-structure correlations only become apparent once a sufficiently large sample is used. - Graphical Abstract: Aluminium distributions in zeolites are determined using e-science methods. Highlights: > Use of e-science methods to search configurationally space. > Automated control of space searching. > Identify key structural features conveying stability. > Improved correlation of computed structures with experimental data.

  12. Complex Systems Science for Subsurface Fate and Transport Report from the August 2009 Workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-03-01

    The subsurface environment, which encompasses the vadose and saturated zones, is a heterogeneous, geologically complex domain. Believed to contain a large percentage of Earth's biomass in the form of microorganisms, the subsurface is a dynamic zone where important biogeochemical cycles work to sustain life. Actively linked to the atmosphere and biosphere through the hydrologic and carbon cycles, the subsurface serves as a storage location for much of Earth's fresh water. Coupled hydrological, microbiological, and geochemical processes occurring within the subsurface environment cause the local and regional natural chemical fluxes that govern water quality. These processes play a vital role in the formation of soil, economically important fossil fuels, mineral deposits, and other natural resources. Cleaning up Department of Energy (DOE) lands impacted by legacy wastes and using the subsurface for carbon sequestration or nuclear waste isolation require a firm understanding of these processes and the documented means to characterize the vertical and spatial distribution of subsurface properties directing water, nutrient, and contaminant flows. This information, along with credible, predictive models that integrate hydrological, microbiological, and geochemical knowledge over a range of scales, is needed to forecast the sustainability of subsurface water systems and to devise ways to manage and manipulate dynamic in situ processes for beneficial outcomes. Predictive models provide the context for knowledge integration. They are the primary tools for forecasting the evolving geochemistry or microbial ecology of groundwater under various scenarios and for assessing and optimizing the potential effectiveness of proposed approaches to carbon sequestration, waste isolation, or environmental remediation. An iterative approach of modeling and experimentation can reveal powerful insights into the behavior of subsurface systems. State-of-science understanding codified in models can provide a basis for testing hypotheses, guiding experiment design, integrating scientific knowledge on multiple environmental systems into a common framework, and translating this information to support informed decision making and policies. Subsurface behavior typically has been investigated using reductionist, or bottom-up approaches. In these approaches, mechanisms of small-scale processes are quantified, and key aspects of their behaviors are moved up to the prediction scale using scaling laws and models. Reductionism has and will continue to yield essential and comprehensive understanding of the molecular and microscopic underpinnings of component processes. However, system-scale predictions cannot always be made with bottom-up approaches because the behaviors of subsurface environments often simply do not result from the sum of smaller-scale process interactions. Systems exhibiting such behavior are termed complex and can range from the molecular to field scale in size. Complex systems contain many interactive parts and display collective behavior including emergence, feedback, and adaptive mechanisms. Microorganisms - key moderators of subsurface chemical processes - further challenge system understanding and prediction because they are adaptive life forms existing in an environment difficult to observe and measure. A new scientific approach termed complex systems science has evolved from the critical need to understand and model these systems, whose distinguishing features increasingly are found to be common in the natural world. In contrast to reductionist approaches, complexity methods often use a top-down approach to identify key interactions controlling diagnostic variables at the prediction scale; general macroscopic laws controlling system-scale behavior; and essential, simplified models of subsystem interactions that enable prediction. This approach is analogous to systems biology, which emphasizes the tight coupling between experimentation and modeling and is defined, in the context of Biological Systems Science research programs under DOE'

  13. The Science of Nuclear Materials: A Modular, Laboratory-based Curriculum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cahill, C.L.; Feldman, G.; Briscoe, W.J.

    2014-06-15

    The development of a curriculum for nuclear materials courses targeting students pursuing Master of Arts degrees at The George Washington University is described. The courses include basic concepts such as radiation and radioactivity as well as more complex topics such the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear weapons, radiation detection and technological aspects of non-proliferation.

  14. Material Science Image Analysis using Quant-CT in ImageJ

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ushizima, Daniela M.; Bianchi, Andrea G. C.; DeBianchi, Christina; Bethel, E. Wes

    2015-01-05

    We introduce a computational analysis workflow to access properties of solid objects using nondestructive imaging techniques that rely on X-ray imaging. The goal is to process and quantify structures from material science sample cross sections. The algorithms can differentiate the porous media (high density material) from the void (background, low density media) using a Boolean classifier, so that we can extract features, such as volume, surface area, granularity spectrum, porosity, among others. Our workflow, Quant-CT, leverages several algorithms from ImageJ, such as statistical region merging and 3D object counter. It also includes schemes for bilateral filtering that use a 3D kernel, for parallel processing of sub-stacks, and for handling over-segmentation using histogram similarities. The Quant-CT supports fast user interaction, providing the ability for the user to train the algorithm via subsamples to feed its core algorithms with automated parameterization. Quant-CT plugin is currently available for testing by personnel at the Advanced Light Source and Earth Sciences Divisions and Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC), LBNL, as part of their research on porous materials. The goal is to understand the processes in fluid-rock systems for the geologic sequestration of CO2, and to develop technology for the safe storage of CO2 in deep subsurface rock formations. We describe our implementation, and demonstrate our plugin on porous material images. This paper targets end-users, with relevant information for developers to extend its current capabilities.

  15. 1995 Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-01

    The Nation's economic prosperity and military security depend heavily on development and commercialization of advanced materials. Materials are a key facet of many technologies, providing the key ingredient for entire industries and tens of millions of jobs. With foreign competition in many areas of technology growing, improvements in materials and associated processes are needed now more than ever, both to create the new products and jobs of the future and to ensure that U.S. industry and military forces can compete and win in the international arena. The Federal Government has invested in materials research and development (R&D) for nearly a century, helping to lay the foundation for many of the best commercial products and military components used today. But while the United States has led the world in the science and development of advanced materials, it often has lagged in commercializing them. This long-standing hurdle must be overcome now if the nation is to maintain its leadership in materials R&D and the many technologies that depend on it. The Administration therefore seeks to foster commercialization of state-of-the-art materials for both commercial and military use, as a means of promoting US industrial competitiveness as well as the procurement of advanced military and space systems and other products at affordable costs. The Federal R&D effort in Fiscal Year 1994 for materials science and technology is an estimated $2123.7 million. It includes the ongoing R&D base that support the missions of nine Federal departments and agencies, increased strategic investment to overcome obstacles to commercialization of advanced materials technologies, interagency cooperation in R&D areas of mutual benefit to leverage assets and eliminate duplicative work, cost-shared research with industrial and academic partners in critical precompetitive technology areas, and international cooperation on selected R&D topics with assured benefits for the United States. The materials R&D program also supports the Administration's specific technological objectives, emphasizing development of affordable, high-performance commercial and military aircraft; ultra-fuel-efficient, low-emissions automobiles that are also safe and comfortable; powerful yet inexpensive electronic systems; environmentally safe products and processes; and a durable building and transportation infrastructure.

  16. SUPPORTING SAFE STORAGE OF PLUTONIUM-BEARING MATERIALS THROUGH SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND SURVEILLANCE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dunn, K.; Chandler, G.; Gardner, C.; Louthan, M.; Mcclard, J.

    2009-11-10

    Reductions in the size of the U. S. nuclear weapons arsenal resulted in the need to store large quantities of plutonium-bearing metals and oxides for prolonged periods of time. To assure that the excess plutonium from the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) sites was stored in a safe and environmentally friendly manner the plutonium-bearing materials are stabilized and packaged according to well developed criteria published as a DOE Standard. The packaged materials are stored in secure facilities and regular surveillance activities are conducted to assure continuing package integrity. The stabilization, packaging, storage and surveillance requirements were developed through extensive science and engineering activities including those related to: plutonium-environment interactions and container pressurization, corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, plutonium-container material interactions, loss of sealing capability and changes in heat transfer characteristics. This paper summarizes some of those activities and outlines ongoing science and engineering programs that assure continued safe and secure storage of the plutonium-bearing metals and oxides.

  17. The Need for a Strong Science and Technology Program in the Nuclear Weapons Complex for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garaizar, X

    2010-01-06

    In this paper I argue for the need for a strong Science and Technology program in the Nuclear Weapons Complex as the basis for maintaining a credible deterrence capability. The current Nuclear Posture Review establishes a New Triad as the basis for the United States deterrence strategy in a changing security environment. A predictive science capability is at the core of a credible National Nuclear Weapons program in the 21st Century. In absence of nuclear testing, the certification of our current Nuclear Weapons relies on predictive simulations and quantification of the associated simulation uncertainties. In addition, a robust nuclear infrastructure needs an active research and development program that considers all the required nuclear scenarios, including new configurations for which there is no nuclear test data. This paper also considers alternative positions to the need for a Science and Technology program in the Nuclear Weapons complex.

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) - Archived CNMS in the News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ARCHIVED CNMS IN THE NEWS Sergei V. Kalinin Wins ACerS Robert L. Coble Award for Young Scholars Sergei V. Kalinin, who is a member of the Imaging Functionality Group in the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences Division, will be honored at the 111th Annual Meeting of The American Ceramic Society (ACerS), October 26, 2009, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, with the Robert L. Coble Award for Young Scholars. Dr. Kalinin is cited for "seminal contributions in understanding ferroelectric and

  19. Materials Science Clean Room Facility at Tulane University (Final Technical Report)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Altiero, Nicholas

    2014-10-28

    The project involves conversion of a 3,000 sq. ft. area into a clean room facility for materials science research. It will be accomplished in phases. Phase I will involve preparation of the existing space, acquisition and installation of clean room equipped with a pulsed laser deposition (PLD) processing system, and conversion of ancillary space to facilitate the interface with the clean room. From a capital perspective, Phases II and III will involve the acquisition of additional processing, fabrication, and characterization equipment and capabilities.

  20. DOE-HDBK-1017/1-93; DOE Fundamentals Handbook Material Science Volume 1 of 2

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1-93 JANUARY 1993 DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK MATERIAL SCIENCE Volume 1 of 2 U.S. Department of Energy FSC-6910 Washington, D.C. 20585 Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S.

  1. DOE-HDBK-1017/2-93; DOE Fundamentals Handbook Material Science Volume 2 of 2

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    2-93 JANUARY 1993 DOE FUNDAMENTALS HANDBOOK MATERIAL SCIENCE Volume 2 of 2 U.S. Department of Energy FSC-6910 Washington, D.C. 20585 Distribution Statement A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information. P.O. Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37831; prices available from (615) 576-8401. Available to the public from the National

  2. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and researchers at work. News Releases Science Briefs Photos Picture of the Week Social Media Videos Fact Sheets Publications PHOTOS BY TOPIC Careers Community Visitors...

  3. science

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    through the Predictive Capability Framework (PCF). The PCF is a long-term integrated roadmap to guide the science, technology and engineering activities and Directed Stockpile...

  4. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    U.S. Department of energy atmospheric radiation measurement program ARM ARM The ... of Science created the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program within the ...

  5. Accelerator Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Accelerator Science Accelerator Science ReframAccelerator.jpg Particle accelerators are among the largest, most complex, and most important scientific instruments in the world....

  6. Idaho National Laboratory Materials and Fuels Complex Natural Phenomena Hazards Flood Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerald Sehlke; Paul Wichlacz

    2010-12-01

    This report presents the results of flood hazards analyses performed for the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and the adjacent Transient Reactor Experiment and Test Facility (TREAT) located at Idaho National Laboratory. The requirements of these analyses are provided in the U.S. Department of Energy Order 420.1B and supporting Department of Energy (DOE) Natural Phenomenon Hazard standards. The flood hazards analyses were performed by Battelle Energy Alliance and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The analyses addressed the following: • Determination of the design basis flood (DBFL) • Evaluation of the DBFL versus the Critical Flood Elevations (CFEs) for critical existing structures, systems, and components (SSCs).

  7. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy V W X Y Z Vaandrager, Frits (Frits Vaandrager) - Institute for Computing and Information Sciences, Radboud Universiteit Vadhan, Salil (Salil Vadhan) - Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University Vahdat, Amin (Amin Vahdat) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering,

  8. Complex Oxides > Research > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Complex Oxides In This Section Combinatorial Analysis Nanoparticles Nanostructured Systems Deposition Complex Oxides Combinatorial Analysis Nanoparticles Nanostructured Systems Deposition

  9. Computer Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cite Seer Department of Energy provided open access science research citations in chemistry, physics, materials, engineering, and computer science IEEE Xplore Full text...

  10. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Eager, Derek (Derek Eager) - Department of Computer Science, University of Saskatchewan Easterbrook, Steve (Steve Easterbrook) - Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto Eberle, William (William Eberle) - Department of Computer Science, Tennessee Technological University Eberlein, Armin

  11. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Jaakkola, Tommi S. (Tommi S. Jaakkola) - Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory & Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Jackson, Daniel (Daniel Jackson) - Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, Massachusetts

  12. Process Knowledge Summary Report for Materials and Fuels Complex Contact-Handled Transuranic Debris Waste

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. P. Grant; P. J. Crane; S. Butler; M. A. Henry

    2010-02-01

    This Process Knowledge Summary Report summarizes the information collected to satisfy the transportation and waste acceptance requirements for the transfer of transuranic (TRU) waste between the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP). The information collected includes documentation that addresses the requirements for AMWTP and the applicable portion of their Resource Conservation and Recovery Act permits for receipt and treatment of TRU debris waste in AMWTP. This report has been prepared for contact-handled TRU debris waste generated by the Idaho National Laboratory at MFC. The TRU debris waste will be shipped to AMWTP for purposes of supercompaction. This Process Knowledge Summary Report includes information regarding, but not limited to, the generation process, the physical form, radiological characteristics, and chemical contaminants of the TRU debris waste, prohibited items, and packaging configuration. This report, along with the referenced supporting documents, will create a defensible and auditable record for waste originating from MFC.

  13. Analysis of Flood Hazards for the Materials and Fuels Complex at the Idaho National Laboratory Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skaggs, Richard; Breithaupt, Stephen A.; Waichler, Scott R.; Kim, Taeyun; Ward, Duane L.

    2010-11-01

    Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory conducted a flood hazard analysis for the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) site located at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) site in southeastern Idaho. The general approach for the analysis was to determine the maximum water elevation levels associated with the design-basis flood (DBFL) and compare them to the floor elevations at critical building locations. Two DBFLs for the MFC site were developed using different precipitation inputs: probable maximum precipitation (PMP) and 10,000 year recurrence interval precipitation. Both precipitation inputs were used to drive a watershed runoff model for the surrounding upland basins and the MFC site. Outflows modeled with the Hydrologic Engineering Centers Hydrologic Modeling System were input to the Hydrologic Engineering Centers River Analysis System hydrodynamic flood routing model.

  14. 1991 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-12-31

    1991 was continued rapid growth for the Santa Fe Institute (SFI) as it broadened its interdisciplinary research into the organization, evolution and operation of complex systems and sought deeply the principles underlying their dynamic behavior. Research on complex systems--the focus of work at SFI--involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex behavior range upwards from proteins and DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complexity include nonlinear equations, spin glasses, cellular automata, genetic algorithms, classifier systems, and an array of other computational models. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simples components, (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy), and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions. The importance of understanding such systems in enormous: many of the most serious challenges facing humanity--e.g., environmental sustainability, economic stability, the control of disease--as well as many of the hardest scientific questions--e.g., protein folding, the distinction between self and non-self in the immune system, the nature of intelligence, the origin of life--require deep understanding of complex systems.

  15. 1991 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-01-01

    1991 was continued rapid growth for the Santa Fe Institute (SFI) as it broadened its interdisciplinary research into the organization, evolution and operation of complex systems and sought deeply the principles underlying their dynamic behavior. Research on complex systems--the focus of work at SFI--involves an extraordinary range of topics normally studied in seemingly disparate fields. Natural systems displaying complex behavior range upwards from proteins and DNA through cells and evolutionary systems to human societies. Research models exhibiting complexity include nonlinear equations, spin glasses, cellular automata, genetic algorithms, classifier systems, and an array of other computational models. Some of the major questions facing complex systems researchers are: (1) explaining how complexity arises from the nonlinear interaction of simples components, (2) describing the mechanisms underlying high-level aggregate behavior of complex systems (such as the overt behavior of an organism, the flow of energy in an ecology, the GNP of an economy), and (3) creating a theoretical framework to enable predictions about the likely behavior of such systems in various conditions. The importance of understanding such systems in enormous: many of the most serious challenges facing humanity--e.g., environmental sustainability, economic stability, the control of disease--as well as many of the hardest scientific questions--e.g., protein folding, the distinction between self and non-self in the immune system, the nature of intelligence, the origin of life--require deep understanding of complex systems.

  16. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    key to stockpile stewardship A new video shows how researchers use scientific guns to induce shock waves into explosive materials to study their performance and...

  17. Chemistry and Materials Science progress report, first half FY 1992. Weapons-Supporting Research and Laboratory Directed Research and Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-01

    This report contains sections on: Fundamentals of the physics and processing of metals; interfaces, adhesion, and bonding; energetic materials; plutonium research; synchrotron radiation-based materials science; atomistic approach to the interaction of surfaces with the environment: actinide studies; properties of carbon fibers; buried layer formation using ion implantation; active coherent control of chemical reaction dynamics; inorganic and organic aerogels; synthesis and characterization of melamine-formaldehyde aerogels; structural transformation and precursor phenomena in advanced materials; magnetic ultrathin films, surfaces, and overlayers; ductile-phase toughening of refractory-metal intermetallics; particle-solid interactions; electronic structure evolution of metal clusters; and nanoscale lithography induced chemically or physically by modified scanned probe microscopy.

  18. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy Q R S T U V W X Y Z Pace, Gordon J. (Gordon J. Pace) - Department of Computer Science, University of Malta Pach, János (János Pach) - Department of Mathematics, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University Padawitz, Peter (Peter Padawitz) - Fachbereich Informatik, Universität Dortmund Padgham, Lin (Lin Padgham) - School

  19. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy Y Z Xi, Hongwei (Hongwei Xi) - Department of Computer Science, Boston University Xia, Ge "Frank" (Ge "Frank" Xia) - Department of Computer Science, Lafayette College Xia, Xiang-Gen (Xiang-Gen Xia) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Delaware Xiang, Yang (Yang Xiang) - Department of Computing

  20. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Ha, Phuong H. (Phuong H. Ha) - Department of Computer Science, Universitetet i Tromsø Ha, Soonhoi (Soonhoi Ha) - School of Computer Science and Engineering, Seoul National University Haarslev, Volker (Volker Haarslev) - Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, Concordia University

  1. Sandia National Labs: Physical, Chemical and Nano Sciences Center...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sciences Semiconductor & Optical Sciences Energy Sciences Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering Research Departments Radiation, Nano Materials, & Interface Sciences...

  2. 1993 Annual report on scientific programs: A broad research program on the sciences of complexity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-12-31

    This report provides a summary of many of the research projects completed by the Santa Fe Institute (SFI) during 1993. These research efforts continue to focus on two general areas: the study of, and search for, underlying scientific principles governing complex adaptive systems, and the exploration of new theories of computation that incorporate natural mechanisms of adaptation (mutation, genetics, evolution).

  3. Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wikipedia to forecast diseases November 13, 2014 Los Alamos research published in Public Library of Science LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Nov. 13, 2014-Scientists can now monitor and forecast diseases around the globe more effectively by analyzing views of Wikipedia articles, according to a team from Los Alamos National Laboratory. "A global disease-forecasting system will improve the way we respond to epidemics," scientist Sara Del Valle said. "In the same way we check the weather each

  4. In-Situ Neutron Diffraction Studies of Complex Hydrogen Storage Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yelon, William B.

    2013-05-13

    The thrust of this project was to investigate the structures of important materials with potential application to hydrogen storage, in an effort to meet the DOE goals for 2010 and 2015, namely 9% (wt) and 15% (wt) respectively. Unfortunately, no material has been found, despite the efforts of many laboratories, including our own, that achieves these goals in a reversible complex hydride such as ammonia borane (NH{sub 4}BH{sub 4}), and other ammonia based compounds, or with light hydrides such as LiBH{sub 4}, due either to their irreversibility or to the high decomposition temperatures and residual simple hydrides such as LiH from the decomposition of the last named compound. Nevertheless, several important technical goals have been accomplished that could be valuable to other DOE programs and would be available for collaborative research. These include the development of a high quality glove box with controlled (low) oxygen and water content, which we continue to employ for the synthesis of potential new materials (unfunded research) and the development of a high quality neutron diffraction furnace with controlled gas environment for studies of hydrogen uptake and loss as well as for studies with other gasses. This furnace was initially constructed with an alumina (Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}) center tube to contain the sample and the flowing gas. The heaters are located in the vacuum space outside the tube and it was found that, for the low temperatures required for the study of hydrogen storage materials, the heat transfer was too poor to allow good control. At temperatures in excess of about 400C (and up to more than 1200C) the heat transfer and control are excellent. For the lower temperatures, however, the center tube was replaced by stainless steel and temperature control to 1C became possible. The paired heaters, above and below the neutron beam window allowed control of the temperature gradient to a similar precision. The high temperature capability of the furnace should make it a very valuable resource for the study of oxides being considered for application to solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), in that materials can be studied at potential operating temperatures in both reducing and oxidizing environments to determine their stoichiometry, and lattice parameters. Our research, which was predicated, in part, on the use of hydrogenous samples (as opposed to deuteration), demonstrated that such studies are feasible and can yield high quality, refinable data. The precision of the refined hydrogen positions appears to be more than adequate for theory calculations (molecular modeling-thermodynamics) and the uncertainty is certainly less than that achieved by attempting to extrapolate the hydrogen positions from refined deuterium positions. In fact the 2008 annual report from the Institute Laue Langevin (ILL), the world's premier neutron scattering laboratory, highlights: Another trend is the increasing interest in hydrogen. This defies the widespread assumption that neutron diffraction experiments need to be done at deuterated samples. In situ experiments on phase transitions involving hydrogen and in particular on the real time behaviour of hydrogen-storage systems increase in number and scope. Our work in this area predates the ILL efforts be several years. Unfortunately, the productivity of our program was significantly curtailed by the unavailability of the MURR powder diffractometer for almost all of the second years of the project. The diffractometer was disassembled to allow partial extraction of the beam tube and replacement of the graphite element that is penetrated by the beam tube. Re-commissioning of the instrument was substantially delayed by errors of the MURR engineering staff, which failed to properly reinstall the sapphire filter that conditions the beam prior to the neutron monochromator, and reduces the radiological background to acceptable levels.

  5. Hazardous Materials Verification and Limited Characterization Report on Sodium and Caustic Residuals in Materials and Fuel Complex Facilities MFC-799/799A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Mecham

    2010-08-01

    This report is a companion to the Facilities Condition and Hazard Assessment for Materials and Fuel Complex Sodium Processing Facilities MFC-799/799A and Nuclear Calibration Laboratory MFC-770C (referred to as the Facilities Condition and Hazards Assessment). This report specifically responds to the requirement of Section 9.2, Item 6, of the Facilities Condition and Hazards Assessment to provide an updated assessment and verification of the residual hazardous materials remaining in the Sodium Processing Facilities processing system. The hazardous materials of concern are sodium and sodium hydroxide (caustic). The information supplied in this report supports the end-point objectives identified in the Transition Plan for Multiple Facilities at the Materials and Fuels Complex, Advanced Test Reactor, Central Facilities Area, and Power Burst Facility, as well as the deactivation and decommissioning critical decision milestone 1, as specified in U.S. Department of Energy Guide 413.3-8, “Environmental Management Cleanup Projects.” Using a tailored approach and based on information obtained through a combination of process knowledge, emergency management hazardous assessment documentation, and visual inspection, this report provides sufficient detail regarding the quantity of hazardous materials for the purposes of facility transfer; it also provides that further characterization/verification of these materials is unnecessary.

  6. Energy Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Scientists are advancing the fundamental science of materials within the context of global energy-related challenges. They are developing experimental and theoretical...

  7. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Faber, Ted (Ted Faber) - Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California Fábián, Csaba I. (Csaba I. Fábián) - Institute of Mathematics, Eötvös Loránd University Fabrikant, Alex (Alex Fabrikant) - Department of Computer Science, Princeton University Fabrikant, Sara Irina (Sara

  8. Simulations for Complex Fluid Flow Problems from Berkeley Lab's Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering (CCSE)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The Center for Computational Sciences and Engineering (CCSE) develops and applies advanced computational methodologies to solve large-scale scientific and engineering problems arising in the Department of Energy (DOE) mission areas involving energy, environmental, and industrial technology. The primary focus is in the application of structured-grid finite difference methods on adaptive grid hierarchies for compressible, incompressible, and low Mach number flows. The diverse range of scientific applications that drive the research typically involve a large range of spatial and temporal scales (e.g. turbulent reacting flows) and require the use of extremely large computing hardware, such as the 153,000-core computer, Hopper, at NERSC. The CCSE approach to these problems centers on the development and application of advanced algorithms that exploit known separations in scale; for many of the application areas this results in algorithms are several orders of magnitude more efficient than traditional simulation approaches.

  9. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy S T U V W X Y Z Rabaey, Jan M. (Jan M. Rabaey) - Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California at Berkeley Rabbah, Rodric (Rodric Rabbah) - Dynamic Optimization Group, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center Rabbat, Michael (Michael Rabbat) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University

  10. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy S T U V W X Y Z Sabanovic, Selma (Selma Sabanovic) - School of Informatics and Computing, Indiana University Sabelfeld, Andrei (Andrei Sabelfeld) - Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology Saber, Eli (Eli Saber) - Department of Electrical Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology Saberi, Amin

  11. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy V W X Y Z Uçar, Bora (Bora Uçar) - Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon Uchiyama, Hiroyuki (Hiroyuki Uchiyama) - Department of Information and Computer Science, Kagoshima University Ucoluk, Gokturk (Gokturk Ucoluk) - Department of Computer Engineering, Middle East Technical University Ueda,

  12. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy X Y Z Wachsmut, Ipke (Ipke Wachsmut) - Technischen Fakultät, Universität Bielefeld Wactlar, Howard D. (Howard D. Wactlar) - School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University Wadler, Philip (Philip Wadler) - School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh Waern, Annika (Annika Waern) - Human-Computer Interaction and Language Engineering

  13. Material Misfits

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Issues submit Material Misfits How well nanocomposite materials align at their interfaces determines what properties they have, opening broad new avenues of materials-science...

  14. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Advanced Scientific Computing Research January 5-6, 2011 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors NERSC Documents NERSC science requirements home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion Energy Sciences

  15. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z D'Ambrosio, Donato (Donato D'Ambrosio) - Dipartimento di Matematica, Università della Calabria d'Avila Garcez, Artur (Artur d'Avila Garcez) - School of Informatics, City University London D'Azevedo, Ed (Ed D'Azevedo) - Computer Science and Mathematics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  16. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Gabbard, Joseph L. (Joseph L. Gabbard) - Department of Computer Science, Virginia Tech Gabor, Adriana (Adriana Gabor) - Erasmus School of Economics, Erasmus University Rotterdam Gaborit, Philippe (Philippe Gaborit) - Département Maths Informatique, Université de Limoges Gaborski, Roger S. (Roger S.

  17. Detection Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science Project Description Chemistry used in measurement and detection science plays a crucial role in the Laboratory's Science of Signatures scientific thrust. Measurement and detection science areas that require chemistry include nuclear and radiological, materials, biological, energy, climate, and space. Los Alamos scientists integrate chemical-science capabilities to ensure that the Laboratory can

  18. Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Prices and Certificates Ordering Information Training NEPA Documents News Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for New Brunswick Laboratory Certified Reference Materials (CRM) Contact Information New Brunswick Laboratory U.S. Department of Energy Building 350 9800 South Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439-4899 P: (630) 252-2442 (NBL) P: (630) 252-2767 (CRM sales) F: (630) 252-6256 E:

  19. Recovery Act, EFRC Project: Solar Energy Conversion in Complex Materials (SECCM)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, Peter F.

    2015-06-25

    The goal of the Center was to design and to synthesize new materials for high efficiency photovoltaic (PV) and thermoelectric (TE) devices, predicated on new fundamental insights into equilibrium and non-equilibrium processes, including quantum phenomena, that occur in materials over various spatial and temporal scales.

  20. Fusion materials science and technology research opportunities now and during the ITER era

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S.J. Zinkle; J.P. Planchard; R.W. Callis; C.E. Kessel; P.J. Lee; K.A. McCarty; Various Others

    2014-10-01

    Several high-priority near-term potential research activities to address fusion nuclear science challenges are summarized. General recommendations include: (1) Research should be preferentially focused on the most technologically advanced options (i.e., options that have been developed at least through the singleeffects concept exploration stage, technology readiness levels >3), (2) Significant near-term progress can be achieved by modifying existing facilities and/or moderate investment in new medium-scale facilities, and (3) Computational modeling for fusion nuclear sciences is generally not yet sufficiently robust to enable truly predictive results to be obtained, but large reductions in risk, cost and schedule can be achieved by careful integration of experiment and modeling.

  1. Dynamic Processes in Biology, Chemistry, and Materials Science: Opportunities for UltraFast Transmission Electron Microscopy - Workshop Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabius, Bernd C.; Browning, Nigel D.; Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Diehl, Barbara L.; Stach, Eric A.

    2012-07-25

    This report summarizes a 2011 workshop that addressed the potential role of rapid, time-resolved electron microscopy measurements in accelerating the solution of important scientific and technical problems. A series of U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and National Academy of Science workshops have highlighted the critical role advanced research tools play in addressing scientific challenges relevant to biology, sustainable energy, and technologies that will fuel economic development without degrading our environment. Among the specific capability needs for advancing science and technology are tools that extract more detailed information in realistic environments (in situ or operando) at extreme conditions (pressure and temperature) and as a function of time (dynamic and time-dependent). One of the DOE workshops, Future Science Needs and Opportunities for Electron Scattering: Next Generation Instrumentation and Beyond, specifically addressed the importance of electron-based characterization methods for a wide range of energy-relevant Grand Scientific Challenges. Boosted by the electron optical advancement in the last decade, a diversity of in situ capabilities already is available in many laboratories. The obvious remaining major capability gap in electron microscopy is in the ability to make these direct in situ observations over a broad spectrum of fast (µs) to ultrafast (picosecond [ps] and faster) temporal regimes. In an effort to address current capability gaps, EMSL, the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, organized an Ultrafast Electron Microscopy Workshop, held June 14-15, 2011, with the primary goal to identify the scientific needs that could be met by creating a facility capable of a strongly improved time resolution with integrated in situ capabilities. The workshop brought together more than 40 leading scientists involved in applying and/or advancing electron microscopy to address important scientific problems of relevance to DOE’s research mission. This workshop built on previous workshops and included three breakout sessions identifying scientific challenges in biology, biogeochemistry, catalysis, and materials science frontier areas of fundamental science that underpin energy and environmental science that would significantly benefit from ultrafast transmission electron microscopy (UTEM). In addition, the current status of time-resolved electron microscopy was examined, and the technologies that will enable future advances in spatio-temporal resolution were identified in a fourth breakout session.

  2. Department of Energy Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting Program at the Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex, Aktau, Republic of Kazakhstan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Case, R.; Berry, R.B.; Eras, A.

    1998-08-01

    As part of the Cooperative Threat Reduction Nuclear Material Protection, Control, and Accounting (MPC and A) Program, the US Department of Energy and Mangyshlak Atomic Energy Complex (MAEC), Aktau, Republic of Kazakstan have cooperated to enhance existing MAEC MPC and A features at the BN-350 liquid-metal fast-breeder reactor. This paper describes the methodology of the enhancement activities and provides representative examples of the MPC and A augmentation implemented at the MAEC.

  3. NREL: Energy Sciences - Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and processed under atmospheric conditions. This work includes developing inks for inkjet printing of metals (e.g., Ag, Cu, Ni), metal oxides (e.g., ZnO, SnO2, (Ba,Sr)TiO3),...

  4. New trends in chemistry and materials science in extremely tight space

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Song, Yang; Manaa, M. Riad

    2012-01-26

    Pressure plays a critical role in regulating the structures and properties of materials. Since Percy Bridgeman was recognized by the 1946 Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution in high-pressure physics, high-pressure research has remained an interdisciplinary scientific frontier with many extraordinary breakthroughs. Over the past decade or so, in particular, high-pressure chemistry and materials research has undergone major advances with the discovery of numerous exotic structures and properties. Furthermore, brand new classes of inorganic materials of unusual stoichiometries and crystal structures, which have a wide range of optical, mechanical, electronic and magnetic properties, have been produced at high pressures.

  5. Nanostructured Systems > Complex Oxides > Research > The Energy Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Center at Cornell Nanostructured Systems Nanostructured materials could revolutionize electrochemical devices such as fuel cells, batteries, and supercapacitors. An affordable and scalable approach to nanostructure materials is with block copolymers (Fig 1). Block copolymers are large molecules with chemically disimilar regions such as those depicted red and yellow. We can take advantage of these disimilar regions by selectively encorporating nanoparticles into just one of the polymer's

  6. Computational Materials Science | Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Understanding the doping limit rules Overcoming doping limits in wide-gap oxides and nitrides Transition-metal doping in semiconductors and spintronics Defect properties in ...

  7. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Başar, Tamer (Tamer Başar) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Baas, Bevan (Bevan Baas) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California, Davis Babai, László (László Babai) - Departments of Computer

  8. Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Materials Science

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    -- Energy, science, and technology for the research community -- hosted by the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, U.S. Department of Energy L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Kaâniche, Mohamed (Mohamed Kaâniche) - Laboratoire d'Analyse et d'Architecture des Systèmes du CNRS Kaasbøll, Jens (Jens Kaasbøll) - Institutt for Informatikk, Universitetet i Oslo Kabal, Peter (Peter Kabal) - Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University Kaban, Ata (Ata Kaban) -

  9. Chemical Frustration. A Design Principle for the Discovery of New Complex Alloy and Intermetallic Phases, Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fredrickson, Daniel C

    2015-06-23

    Final technical report for "Chemical Frustration: A Design Principle for the Discovery of New Complex Alloy and Intermetallic Phases" funded by the Office of Science through the Materials Chemistry Program of the Office of Basic Energy Sciences.

  10. Deposition > Complex Oxides > Research > The Energy Materials Center at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cornell Complex Oxides In This Section Combinatorial Analysis Nanoparticles Nanostructured Systems Deposition Deposition Veeco GEN10 MBE system dedicated to the growth of oxide heterostructures being installed in Duffield Lab at Cornell Researchers in the Schlom Group are now working with the latest generation of research MBE systems, the Veeco GEN10, configured specifically for oxides. This system is now fully installed and operational. Veeco is the world's largest supplier of MBE equipment

  11. Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials FY 2013 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Fei; Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Xie, YuLong; Wu, Dangxin; Prange, Micah P.; Van Ginhoven, Renee M.; Campbell, Luke W.; Wang, Zhiguo

    2013-10-01

    This annual report presents work carried out during Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under the project entitled “Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials” (Project number: PL13-SciDriScintMat-PD05) and led by Dr. Fei Gao. This project is divided into three tasks, namely (1) Ab initio calculations of electronic properties, electronic response functions and secondary particle spectra; (2) Intrinsic response properties, theoretical light yield, and microscopic description of ionization tracks; and (3) Kinetics and efficiency of scintillation: nonlinearity, intrinsic energy resolution, and pulse shape discrimination. Detailed information on the findings and insights obtained in each of these three tasks are provided in this report. Additionally, papers published this fiscal year or currently in review are included in Appendix together with presentations given this fiscal year.

  12. Method for the thermal characterization, visualization, and integrity evaluation of conducting material samples or complex structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ortiz, Marcos G. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1992-01-01

    A method for modeling a conducting material sample or structure (herein called a system) as at least two regions which comprise an electrical network of resistances, for measuring electric resistance between at least two selected pairs of external leads attached to the surface of the system, wherein at least one external lead is attached to the surface of each of the regions, and, using basic circuit theory, for translating measured resistances into temperatures or thermophysical properties in corresponding regions of the system.

  13. Nanoparticles > Complex Oxides > Research > The Energy Materials Center at

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cornell Nanoparticles The nanoparticle synthesis efforts at EMC2 mostly take place in the Frank DiSalvo group, and focus on preparing useful fuel cell electrocatalysts in nanoparticle form. The research groups in EMC2 (formerly the Cornell Fuel Cell Institute) have discovered that bulk ordered intermetallic compounds- a class of solid materials that are made of multiple metals, but are not random alloys- show impressive resistance to poisoning as anode catalysts, and amazing activity for

  14. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences February 9-10, 2010 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation...

  15. Materials and Fuels Complex Facilities Radioactive Waste Management Basis and DOE Manual 435.1-1 Compliance Tables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lisa Harvego; Brion Bennett

    2011-09-01

    Department of Energy Order 435.1, 'Radioactive Waste Management,' along with its associated manual and guidance, requires development and maintenance of a radioactive waste management basis for each radioactive waste management facility, operation, and activity. This document presents a radioactive waste management basis for Idaho National Laboratory's Materials and Fuels Complex facilities that manage radioactive waste. The radioactive waste management basis for a facility comprises existing laboratory-wide and facility-specific documents. Department of Energy Manual 435.1-1, 'Radioactive Waste Management Manual,' facility compliance tables also are presented for the facilities. The tables serve as a tool for developing the radioactive waste management basis.

  16. Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials: FY 2014 Annual Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerisit, Sebastien N.; Gao, Fei; Xie, YuLong; Campbell, Luke W.; Wu, Dangxin; Prange, Micah P.

    2014-10-01

    This annual reports presents work carried out during Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) under the project entitled “Science-Driven Candidate Search for New Scintillator Materials” (Project number: PL13-SciDriScintMat-PD05) and led by Drs. Fei Gao and Sebastien N. Kerisit. This project is divided into three tasks: 1) Ab initio calculations of electronic properties, electronic response functions and secondary particle spectra; 2) Intrinsic response properties, theoretical light yield, and microscopic description of ionization tracks; and 3) Kinetics and efficiency of scintillation: nonproportionality, intrinsic energy resolution, and pulse shape discrimination. Detailed information on the results obtained in each of the three tasks is provided in this Annual Report. Furthermore, peer-reviewed articles published this FY or currently under review and presentations given this FY are included in Appendix. This work was supported by the National Nuclear Security Administration, Office of Nuclear Nonproliferation Research and Development (DNN R&D/NA-22), of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).

  17. Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Materials Access to Hopper Phase II (Cray XE6) If you are a current NERSC user, you are enabled to use Hopper Phase II. Use your SSH client to connect to Hopper II:...

  18. Method for the thermal characterization, visualization, and integrity evaluation of conducting material samples or complex structures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ortiz, M.G.

    1992-11-24

    Disclosed is a method for modeling a conducting material sample or structure (herein called a system) as at least two regions which comprise an electrical network of resistances, for measuring electric resistance between at least two selected pairs of external leads attached to the surface of the system, wherein at least one external lead is attached to the surface of each of the regions, and, using basic circuit theory, for translating measured resistances into temperatures or thermophysical properties in corresponding regions of the system. 16 figs.

  19. Replica-exchange Wang Landau sampling: pushing the limits of Monte Carlo simulations in materials sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perera, Meewanage Dilina N; Li, Ying Wai; Eisenbach, Markus; Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2015-01-01

    We describe the study of thermodynamics of materials using replica-exchange Wang Landau (REWL) sampling, a generic framework for massively parallel implementations of the Wang Landau Monte Carlo method. To evaluate the performance and scalability of the method, we investigate the magnetic phase transition in body-centered cubic (bcc) iron using the classical Heisenberg model parameterized with first principles calculations. We demonstrate that our framework leads to a significant speedup without compromising the accuracy and precision and facilitates the study of much larger systems than is possible with its serial counterpart.

  20. Science and Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Faces of Science The people behind our science Radical Supercomputing Extreme speeds, big data, powerful simulations 70 Years of Innovation Addressing the nation's most complex...

  1. NERSC-ScienceHighlightsJune2013.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 2013 NERSC Science Highlights --- 1 --- NERSC User Science Highlights Materials Studies suggest the possibility of solar cells with efficiencies much higher than that available today (J. Galli, UC Davis) Math and Computing New method improves simulations of complex, multiphase phenomena. (J. Sethian, UCB / LBNL) Materials Using computation to improve lithium batteries (K. Leung, Sandia Nat'l Labs) High Energy Physics PLANCK mission changes fundamental understanding of universe's age and

  2. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences August 3-4, 2010 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors [not available] NERSC Documents NERSC science requirements home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Workshop Agenda Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion

  3. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for High Energy Physics November 12-13, 2009 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors NERSC Documents NERSC science requirements home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Workshop Agenda Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research (BER) Basic Energy Sciences (BES) Fusion Energy Sciences

  4. Ultrafast Probes for Dirac Materials Yarotski, Dmitry Anatolievitch...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Science(36) Material Science; topological insulators, ultrafast spectroscopy, graphene Material Science; topological insulators, ultrafast spectroscopy, graphene Abstract...

  5. Overview of DOE-NE Structural Materials Research, Materials Challenges and Operating Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maloy, Stuart A.; Busby, Jeremy T.

    2012-06-12

    This presentation summarized materials conditions for application of nanomaterials to reactor components. Material performance is essential to reactor performance, economics, and safety. A modern reactor design utilizes many different materials and material systems to achieve safe and reliable performance. Material performance in these harsh environments is very complex and many different forms of degradation may occur (often together in synergistic fashions). New materials science techniques may also help understand degradation modes and develop new manufacturing and fabrication techniques.

  6. Science Facilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Facilities /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Science Facilities The focal point for basic and applied R&D programs with a primary focus on energy but also encompassing medical, biotechnology, high-energy physics, and advanced scientific computing programs. Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies» Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test Facility (DARHT)» Electron Microscopy Lab» Ion Beam Materials Lab» Isotope Production Facility» Los Alamos Neutron Science Center»

  7. Science and Innovation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Innovation /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Science and Innovation Our strong interdisciplinary teaming and unique research facilities allow us to develop solutions to complex problems, and to support partners and collaborators, all with the goal of strengthening national security and making a safer world. Science & Engineering Capabilities» Science Programs» Science Facilities» Features» Capabilities Strategy: Science Pillars» Top Ten Innovations of 2013 Science and

  8. Facilities Condition and Hazards Assessment for Materials and Fuel Complex Facilities MFC-799, 799A, and 770C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Mecham; Don Konoyer

    2009-11-01

    The Materials & Fuel Complex (MFC) facilities 799 Sodium Processing Facility (a single building consisting of two areas: the Sodium Process Area (SPA) and the Carbonate Process Area (CPA), 799A Caustic Storage Area, and 770C Nuclear Calibration Laboratory have been declared excess to future Department of Energy mission requirements. Transfer of these facilities from Nuclear Energy to Environmental Management, and an associated schedule for doing so, have been agreed upon by the two offices. The prerequisites for this transfer to occur are the removal of nonexcess materials and chemical inventory, deinventory of the calibration source in MFC-770C, and the rerouting and/or isolation of utility and service systems. This report provides a description of the current physical condition and any hazards (material, chemical, nuclear or occupational) that may be associated with past operations of these facilities. This information will document conditions at time of transfer of the facilities from Nuclear Energy to Environmental Management and serve as the basis for disposition planning. The process used in obtaining this information included document searches, interviews and facility walk-downs. A copy of the facility walk-down checklist is included in this report as Appendix A. MFC-799/799A/770C are all structurally sound and associated hazardous or potentially hazardous conditions are well defined and well understood. All installed equipment items (tanks, filters, etc.) used to process hazardous materials remain in place and appear to have maintained their integrity. There is no evidence of leakage and all openings are properly sealed or closed off and connections are sound. The pits appear clean with no evidence of cracking or deterioration that could lead to migration of contamination. Based upon the available information/documentation reviewed and the overall conditions observed during the facilities walk-down, it is concluded that these facilities may be disposed of at minimal risk to human health, safety or the environment.

  9. Cultural Resource Investigation for the Materials and Fuels Complex Wastewater System Upgrade at the Idaho National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda R. Pace; Julie B raun Williams; Hollie Gilbert; Dino Lowrey; Julie Brizzee

    2010-05-01

    The Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) located in Bingham County at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in southeastern Idaho is considering several alternatives to upgrade wastewater systems to meet future needs at the facility. In April and May of 2010, the INL Cultural Resource Management Office conducted archival searches, archaeological field surveys, and coordination with the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes to identify cultural resources that may be adversely affected by the proposed construction and to provide recommendations to protect any resources listed or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. These investigations showed that one National Register-eligible archaeological site is located on the boundary of the area of potential effects for the wastewater upgrade. This report outlines protective measures to help ensure that this resource is not adversely affected by construction.

  10. Inverse Design: Playing "Jeopardy" in Materials Science (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Alex Zunger (former Director, Center for Inverse Design); Tumas, Bill (Director, Center for Inverse Design); CID Staff

    2011-11-02

    'Inverse Design: Playing 'Jeopardy' in Materials Science' was submitted by the Center for Inverse Design (CID) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CID, an EFRC directed by Bill Tumas at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from five institutions: NREL (lead), Northwestern University, University of Colorado, Stanford University, and Oregon State University. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Inverse Design is 'to replace trial-and-error methods used in the development of materials for solar energy conversion with an inverse design approach powered by theory and computation.' Research topics are: solar photovoltaic, photonic, metamaterial, defects, spin dynamics, matter by design, novel materials synthesis, and defect tolerant materials.

  11. Basic Research Needs for Materials Under Extreme Environments. Report of the Basic Energy Sciences Workshop on Materials Under Extreme Environments, June 11-13, 2007

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wadsworth, J.; Crabtree, G. W.; Hemley, R. J.; Falcone, R.; Robertson, I.; Stringer, J.; Tortorelli, P.; Gray, G. T.; Nicol, M.; Lehr, J.; Tozer, S. W.; Diaz de la Rubia, T.; Fitzsimmons, T.; Vetrano, J. S.; Ashton, C. L.; Kitts, S.; Landson, C.; Campbell, B.; Gruzalski, G.; Stevens, D.

    2008-02-01

    To evaluate the potential for developing revolutionary new materials that will meet demanding future energy requirements that expose materials to environmental extremes.

  12. Institute for Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Workshop session in New Mexico room La Fonda AM 2015 Workshop Session La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, New Mexico LANL Director Charlie McMillan and IMS director Alexander...

  13. Chemistry & Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    greenhouse gas carbon dioxide to small molecules such as formic acid, formaldehyde, and methanol. Read More JiangCummingsCoverLarge.gif Promise for Onion-Like Carbons as...

  14. Sandia Energy Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia Wins Funding for Two DOE-EERE Computer-Aided Battery-Safety R&D Projects http:energy.sandia.govsandia-wins-funding-for-two-doe-eere-computer-aided-battery-safety-rd-proje...

  15. Nuclear Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (acting) Email Group Office (505) 667-4665 Find Expertise header Search our employee skills database The evaluations performed by our group are essential for the nuclear weapons...

  16. Institute for Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Qualification of Additive Manufacturing poster session seen from above Poster Session for AM 2015 READ MORE Advanced Qualification of Additive Manufacturing workshop poster AM 2015 Workshop READ MORE Workshop session in New Mexico room La Fonda AM 2015 Workshop Session La Fonda on the Plaza, Santa Fe, New Mexico LANL Director Charlie McMillan and IMS director Alexander Balatsky Lab Director Visits IMS Laboratory Director Charlie McMillan in conversation with IMS Director Alexander

  17. Materials Science | NREL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Illustration with bottom row showing a ball-and-stick model and top row showing an orange and black band. In the ball-and-stick model, the yellow balls are sulfur, the light purple balls are tin, and the gray balls are zinc. The middle section is a dense configuration of zinc sulfide (ZnS) molecules; to the right and left on this band is a more open, regular configuration of tin sulfide (SnS). The top image represents output from atomic force microscopy for the molecular sections. The outer SnS

  18. Materials Science Foundation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Foundation - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced Nuclear

  19. Biological Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear Science Share Your Research NERSC Citations Home Science at...

  20. Collaborative Research. Damage and Burst Dynamics in Failure of Complex Geomaterials. A Statistical Physics Approach to Understanding the Complex Emergent Dynamics in Near Mean-Field Geological Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rundle, John B.; Klein, William

    2015-09-29

    We have carried out research to determine the dynamics of failure in complex geomaterials, specifically focusing on the role of defects, damage and asperities in the catastrophic failure processes (now popularly termed Black Swan events). We have examined fracture branching and flow processes using models for invasion percolation, focusing particularly on the dynamics of bursts in the branching process. We have achieved a fundamental understanding of the dynamics of nucleation in complex geomaterials, specifically in the presence of inhomogeneous structures.

  1. Science & Engineering Capabilities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Capabilities /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Science & Engineering Capabilities These capabilities are our science and engineering at work for the national security interest in areas from global climate to cyber security, from nonproliferation to new materials, from clean energy solutions to supercomputing. Accelerators, Electrodynamics» Energy» Materials Science» Bioscience: Bioenergy, Biosecurity, and Health» Engineering» National Security, Weapons Science»

  2. End State Condition Report for Materials and Fuels Complex Facilities MFC-799, 799A, and 770C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary Mecham

    2010-10-01

    The Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) facilities MFC-799, “Sodium Processing Facility” (a single building consisting of two areas: the Sodium Process Area and the Carbonate Process Area); MFC-799A, “Caustic Storage Area;” and MFC-770C, “Nuclear Calibration Laboratory,” have been declared excess to future Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy(NE) mission requirements. Transfer of these facilities from NE to the DOE Office of Environmental Management (EM), and an associated schedule for doing so, have been agreed upon by the two offices. This report documents the completion of pre-transfer stabilization actions, as identified in DOE Guide 430.1-5, “Transition Implementation Guide,” for buildings MFC-799/799A and 770C, and indicates that these facilities are ready for transfer from NE to EM. The facilities are in a known, safe condition and information is provided to support efficient decommissioning and demolition (D&D) planning while minimizing the possibility of encountering unforeseen circumstances during the D&D activities.

  3. Joel Brock > Research Thrust Leader - Complex Oxides

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Professor Applied and Engineering Physics > Faculty Directory > The Energy Materials Center at Cornell Joel Brock Research Thrust Leader - Complex Oxides Professor Applied and Engineering Physics Research Group Webpage jdb20@cornell.edu Dr. Brock is a Professor in the School of Applied and Engineering Physics and a member of the graduate fields of Applied Physics and of Materials Science and Engineering. He is a principal investigator of both the Dynamics of Growth of Complex Materials

  4. Office of Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office of Science /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Office of Science Enabling remarkable discoveries and tools that transform our understanding of energy and matter and advance national, economic, and energy security. Advanced Scientific Computing Research» Basic Energy Sciences» Biological and Environmental Research» Fusion Energy Sciences» High Energy Physics» Nuclear Physics» Fusion Energy Science Research LANL fusion materials researchers use Titan supercomputer to

  5. Capabilities: Science Pillars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Pillars /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Capabilities: Science Pillars The Lab's four Science Pillars harness our scientific capabilities for national security solutions. What are the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Science Pillars? The Laboratory has established the Science Pillars under four main themes to bring together the Laboratory's diverse array of scientific capabilities and expertise: Information, Science, and Technology Pillar Materials for the Future Pillar

  6. Recycled Water Reuse Permit Renewal Application for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    No Name

    2014-10-01

    ABSTRACT This renewal application for the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (IWRP) WRU-I-0160-01 at Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) Industrial Waste Ditch (IWD) and Industrial Waste Pond (IWP) is being submitted to the State of Idaho, Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). This application has been prepared in compliance with the requirements in IDAPA 58.01.17, Recycled Water Rules. Information in this application is consistent with the IDAPA 58.01.17 rules, pre-application meeting, and the Guidance for Reclamation and Reuse of Municipal and Industrial Wastewater (September 2007). This application is being submitted using much of the same information contained in the initial permit application, submitted in 2007, and modification, in 2012. There have been no significant changes to the information and operations covered in the existing IWRP. Summary of the monitoring results and operation activity that has occurred since the issuance of the WRP has been included. MFC has operated the IWP and IWD as regulated wastewater land treatment facilities in compliance with the IDAPA 58.01.17 regulations and the IWRP. Industrial wastewater, consisting primarily of continuous discharges of nonhazardous, nonradioactive, routinely discharged noncontact cooling water and steam condensate, periodic discharges of industrial wastewater from the MFC facility process holdup tanks, and precipitation runoff, are discharged to the IWP and IWD system from various MFC facilities. Wastewater goes to the IWP and IWD with a permitted annual flow of up to 17 million gallons/year. All requirements of the IWRP are being met. The Operations and Maintenance Manual for the Industrial Wastewater System will be updated to include any new requirements.

  7. NERSC-ScienceHighlightsJune2014.pptx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    June 2014 NERSC Science Highlights --- 1 --- NERSC User Science Highlights Chemistry Study explains, for the first time, chemical stabilization of metal complexes in water (S. Xantheus, PNNL) Materials Modeling helps explain self- assembly and aggregation of coated nanoparticles (G. Grest, SNL ) Climate Modeling Study suggests reduced river flooding as a result of greenhouse gas- induced warming D. Stone (LBNL) Energy Simulations using a NERSC- provided method suggest how to improve LED

  8. Materials at LANL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, Antoinette J

    2010-01-01

    Exploring the physics, chemistry, and metallurgy of materials has been a primary focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory since its inception. In the early 1940s, very little was known or understood about plutonium, uranium, or their alloys. In addition, several new ionic, polymeric, and energetic materials with unique properties were needed in the development of nuclear weapons. As the Laboratory has evolved, and as missions in threat reduction, defense, energy, and meeting other emerging national challenges have been added, the role of materials science has expanded with the need for continued improvement in our understanding of the structure and properties of materials and in our ability to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. Materials science and engineering continues to be central to this Laboratory's success, and the materials capability truly spans the entire laboratory - touching upon numerous divisions and directorates and estimated to include >1/3 of the lab's technical staff. In 2006, Los Alamos and LANS LLC began to redefine our future, building upon the laboratory's established strengths and promoted by strongly interdependent science, technology and engineering capabilities. Eight Grand Challenges for Science were set forth as a technical framework for bridging across capabilities. Two of these grand challenges, Fundamental Understanding of Materials and Superconductivity and Actinide Science. were clearly materials-centric and were led out of our organizations. The complexity of these scientific thrusts was fleshed out through workshops involving cross-disciplinary teams. These teams refined the grand challenge concepts into actionable descriptions to be used as guidance for decisions like our LDRD strategic investment strategies and as the organizing basis for our external review process. In 2008, the Laboratory published 'Building the Future of Los Alamos. The Premier National Security Science Laboratory,' LA-UR-08-1541. This document introduced three strategic thrusts that crosscut the Grand Challenges and define future laboratory directions and facilities: (1) Information Science and Technology enabl ing integrative and predictive science; (2) Experimental science focused on materials for the future; and (3) Fundamental forensic science for nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. The next step for the Materials Capability was to develop a strategic plan for the second thrust, Materials for the Future. within the context of a capabilities-based Laboratory. This work has involved extending our 2006-2007 Grand Challenge workshops, integrating materials fundamental challenges into the MaRIE definition, and capitalizing on the emerging materials-centric national security missions. Strategic planning workshops with broad leadership and staff participation continued to hone our scientific directions and reinforce our strength through interdependence. By the Fall of 2008, these workshops promoted our primary strength as the delivery of Predictive Performance in applications where Extreme Environments dominate and where the discovery of Emergent Phenomena is a critical. These planning efforts were put into action through the development of our FY10 LDRD Strategic Investment Plan where the Materials Category was defined to incorporate three central thrusts: Prediction and Control of Performance, Extreme Environments and Emergent Phenomena. As with all strategic planning, much of the benefit is in the dialogue and cross-fertilization of ideas that occurs during the process. By winter of 2008/09, there was much agreement on the evolving focus for the Materials Strategy, but there was some lingering doubt over Prediction and Control of Performance as one of the three central thrusts, because it overarches all we do and is, truly, the end goal for materials science and engineering. Therefore, we elevated this thrust within the overarching vision/mission and introduce the concept of Defects and Interfaces as a central thrust that had previously been implied but not clearly articulated.

  9. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Reference Materials Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Basic Energy Sciences February 9-10, 2010 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE Associate Directors Last edited: 2016-02-01 08:07:17

  10. Engineered Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 Engineered Materials Materials design, fabrication, assembly, and characterization for national security needs. Contact Us Group Leader Ross Muenchausen Email Deputy Group Leader Dominic Peterson Email Group Office (505)-667-6887 We perform polymer science and engineering, including ultra-precision target design, fabrication, assembly, characterization, and field support. We perform polymer science and engineering, including ultra-precision target design, fabrication, assembly,

  11. A Complexity Science-Based Framework for Global Joint Operations Analysis to Support Force Projection: LDRD Final Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawton, Craig R.

    2015-01-01

    The military is undergoing a significant transformation as it modernizes for the information age and adapts to address an emerging asymmetric threat beyond traditional cold war era adversaries. Techniques such as traditional large-scale, joint services war gaming analysis are no longer adequate to support program evaluation activities and mission planning analysis at the enterprise level because the operating environment is evolving too quickly. New analytical capabilities are necessary to address modernization of the Department of Defense (DoD) enterprise. This presents significant opportunity to Sandia in supporting the nation at this transformational enterprise scale. Although Sandia has significant experience with engineering system of systems (SoS) and Complex Adaptive System of Systems (CASoS), significant fundamental research is required to develop modeling, simulation and analysis capabilities at the enterprise scale. This report documents an enterprise modeling framework which will enable senior level decision makers to better understand their enterprise and required future investments.

  12. Materials for the Future

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials for the Future Materials for the Future The Lab's four Science Pillars harness our scientific capabilities for national security solutions. Contacts Pillar Champion Mary Hockaday Email Pillar Contact Toni Taylor Email Pillar Contact David Teter Email Materials for the Future Science Overview At Los Alamos National Laboratory, we anticipate the advent of a new era in materials science, when we will transition from observing and exploiting the properties of materials to a science-based

  13. Neutron and Nuclear Science News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News Recent news and events related to neutron and nuclear science at LANSCE. Neutron and Nuclear Science News Nuclear and Materials Science Research at LANSCE Nuclear science observations and opportunities at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center Links Neutron and Nuclear Science News Media Links Profiles Events at LANSCE LAPIS (LANSCE Proposal Intake System

  14. Earth and Environmental Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    EES Division Earth and Environmental Sciences We provide solutions to complex problems in climate and environmental change, sustainable energy, and national security. Climate...

  15. Process Simulation Role in the Development of New Alloys Based on Integrated Computational Material Science and Engineering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabau, Adrian S [ORNL; Porter, Wallace D [ORNL; Roy, Shibayan [ORNL; Shyam, Amit [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    To accelerate the introduction of new materials and components, the development of metal casting processes requires the teaming between different disciplines, as multi-physical phenomena have to be considered simultaneously for the process design and optimization of mechanical properties. The required models for physical phenomena as well as their validation status for metal casting are reviewed. The data on materials properties, model validation, and relevant microstructure for materials properties are highlighted. One vehicle to accelerate the development of new materials is through combined experimental-computational efforts. Integrated computational/experimental practices are reviewed; strengths and weaknesses are identified with respect to metal casting processes. Specifically, the examples are given for the knowledge base established at Oak Ridge National Laboratory and computer models for predicting casting defects and microstructure distribution in aluminum alloy components.

  16. Y-12 National Security Complex | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    About Us / Our Locations / Y-12 National Security Complex Y-12 National Security Complex The Y-12 National Security Complex (Y-12) serves as the nation's only source of enriched uranium nuclear weapons components and provides enriched uranium for the U.S. Navy. Y-12 is a leader in materials science and precision manufacturing and serves as the main storage facility for enriched uranium. Y-12 also supports efforts to reduce the risk of nuclear proliferation and performs complementary work for

  17. Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Burns, Peter (Director, Materials Science of Actinides); MSA Staff

    2011-11-03

    'Energy Frontier Research Center Materials Science of Actinides' was submitted by the EFRC for Materials Science of Actinides (MSA) to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. MSA is directed by Peter Burns at the University of Notre Dame, and is a partnership of scientists from ten institutions.The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges.

  18. Chemistry and materials science progress report. Weapons-supporting research and laboratory directed research and development: FY 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01

    This report covers different materials and chemistry research projects carried out a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory during 1995 in support of nuclear weapons programs and other programs. There are 16 papers supporting weapons research and 12 papers supporting laboratory directed research.

  19. Materials and Fuels Complex Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Storage and Treatment Permit Reapplication, Environmental Protection Agency Number ID4890008952

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holzemer, Michael J.; Hart, Edward

    2015-04-01

    Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Storage and Treatment Permit Reapplication for the Idaho National Laboratory Materials and Fuels Complex Hazardous Waste Management Act/Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Partial Permit, PER-116. This Permit Reapplication is required by the PER-116 Permit Conditions I.G. and I.H., and must be submitted to the Idaho Department of Environmental Quality in accordance with IDAPA 58.01.05.012 [40 CFR §§ 270.10 and 270.13 through 270.29].

  20. Materials and Security Consolidation Complex Facilities Radioactive Waste Management Basis and DOE Manual 435.1-1 Compliance Tables

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Listed

    2011-09-01

    Department of Energy Order 435.1, 'Radioactive Waste Management,' along with its associated manual and guidance, requires development and maintenance of a radioactive waste management basis for each radioactive waste management facility, operation, and activity. This document presents a radioactive waste management basis for Idaho National Laboratory's Materials and Security Consolidation Center facilities that manage radioactive waste. The radioactive waste management basis for a facility comprises existing laboratory-wide and facility-specific documents. Department of Energy Manual 435.1-1, 'Radioactive Waste Management Manual,' facility compliance tables also are presented for the facilities. The tables serve as a tool for developing the radioactive waste management basis.

  1. Sandia Energy - Wavelength Conversion Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Wavelength Conversion Materials Home Energy Research EFRCs Solid-State Lighting Science EFRC Overview Wavelength Conversion Materials Wavelength Conversion MaterialsTara...

  2. Faces of Science: Amy Clarke

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to new materials and metallurgy keeps Amy motivated Amy Clarke grew up in the "Copper Country" in Michigan, where she was first exposed to metallurgy and materials science...

  3. Information Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3 Information Sciences Uncovering actionable knowledge and generating insight into exascale datasets from heterogeneous sources in real time Leadership Group Leader Patrick M. Kelly Email Deputy Group Leader Amy Larson Email Contact Us Administrator Yvonne McKelvey Email Conceptual illustration of futuristic data stream processing. Developing methods and tools for understanding complex interactions and extracting actionable information from massive data streams. Basic and applied research

  4. Materials Discovery across Technological Readiness Levels | Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science | NREL Materials Discovery across Technological Readiness Levels Materials discovery is important across technology readiness levels: basic science, applied research, and device development. Over the past several years, NREL has worked at each of these levels, demonstrating our competence in a broad range of materials discovery problems. Basic Science An image of a triangular diagram with tantalum-cobalt-tin at the top vertex, tantalum at the lower left vertex, and cobalt at the

  5. 2014 Annual Industrial Wastewater Reuse Report for the Idaho National Laboratory Site’s Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, Mike

    2015-02-01

    This report describes conditions, as required by the state of Idaho Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (WRU-I-0160-01, formerly LA 000160 01), for the wastewater reuse site at the Idaho National Laboratory Site’s Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond from November 1, 2013 through October 31, 2014. The report contains the following information; Facility and system description; Permit required effluent monitoring data and loading rates; Groundwater monitoring data; Status of special compliance conditions; Noncompliance issues; and Discussion of the facility’s environmental impacts During the 2014 reporting year, an estimated 10.11 million gallons of wastewater were discharged to the Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond which is well below the permit limit of 17 million gallons per year. The concentrations of all permit-required analytes in the samples from the down gradient monitoring wells were below the applicable Idaho Department of Environmental Quality’s groundwater quality standard levels.

  6. 2012 Annual Industrial Wastewater Reuse Report for the Idaho National Laboratory Sites Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Lewis

    2013-02-01

    This report describes conditions, as required by the state of Idaho Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (WRU-I-0160-01, formerly LA 000160 01), for the wastewater reuse site at the Idaho National Laboratory Sites Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond from November 1, 2011 through October 31, 2012. The report contains the following information: Facility and system description Permit required effluent monitoring data and loading rates Groundwater monitoring data Status of special compliance conditions Discussion of the facilitys environmental impacts During the 2012 reporting year, an estimated 11.84 million gallons of wastewater were discharged to the Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond which is well below the permit limit of 17 million gallons per year. The concentrations of all permit-required analytes in the samples from the down gradient monitoring wells were below the Ground Water Quality Rule Primary and Secondary Constituent Standards.

  7. 2011 Annual Industrial Wastewater Reuse Report for the Idaho National Laboratory Site's Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Frederick

    2012-02-01

    This report describes conditions, as required by the state of Idaho Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (LA-000160-01), for the wastewater reuse site at the Idaho National Laboratory Site's Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond from November 1, 2010 through October 31, 2011. The report contains the following information: (1) Facility and system description; (2) Permit required effluent monitoring data and loading rates; (3) Groundwater monitoring data; (4) Status of special compliance conditions; and (5) Discussion of the facility's environmental impacts. During the 2011 reporting year, an estimated 6.99 million gallons of wastewater were discharged to the Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond which is well below the permit limit of 13 million gallons per year. Using the dissolved iron data, the concentrations of all permit-required analytes in the samples from the down gradient monitoring wells were below the Ground Water Quality Rule Primary and Secondary Constituent Standards.

  8. 2010 Annual Industrial Wastewater Reuse Report for the Idaho National Laboratory Site's Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David B. Frederick

    2011-02-01

    This report describes conditions, as required by the state of Idaho Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (#LA 000160 01), for the wastewater reuse site at the Idaho National Laboratory Sites Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond from May 1, 2010 through October 31, 2010. The report contains the following information: Facility and system description Permit required effluent monitoring data and loading rates Groundwater monitoring data Status of special compliance conditions Discussion of the facilitys environmental impacts During the 2010 partial reporting year, an estimated 3.646 million gallons of wastewater were discharged to the Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond which is well below the permit limit of 13 million gallons per year. The concentrations of all permit-required analytes in the samples from the down gradient monitoring wells were below the Ground Water Quality Rule Primary and Secondary Constituent Standards.

  9. 2013 Annual Industrial Wastewater Reuse Report for the Idaho National Laboratory Sites Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Lewis

    2014-02-01

    This report describes conditions, as required by the state of Idaho Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit (WRU-I-0160-01, formerly LA 000160 01), for the wastewater reuse site at the Idaho National Laboratory Sites Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond from November 1, 2012 through October 31, 2013. The report contains the following information: Facility and system description Permit required effluent monitoring data and loading rates Groundwater monitoring data Status of special compliance conditions Discussion of the facilitys environmental impacts During the 2013 reporting year, an estimated 9.64 million gallons of wastewater were discharged to the Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond which is well below the permit limit of 17 million gallons per year. The concentrations of all permit-required analytes in the samples from the down gradient monitoring wells were below the applicable Idaho Department of Environmental Qualitys groundwater quality standard levels.

  10. Experimental Physical Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ADEPS Experimental Physical Sciences Developing and applying materials science and experimental physics capabilities to programs and problems of national importance. Advancing physics and materials science for problems of national importance Neutrons find "missing" magnetism of plutonium Neutrons find "missing" magnetism of plutonium READ MORE Los Alamos among new DOE projects Create new technology pathways for low-cost fusion energy development READ MORE Combined methods

  11. X-Ray Microscopy and Imaging: Science and Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    fields: Biology and Life Sciences Environmental Sciences Materials Science Nanoscience Optics and Fundamental Physics Our research often employs the following techniques: Coherent...

  12. DNA origami with Complex Curvatures in 3D

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    with Complex Curvatures in 3D 15 Apr 2011 Center researchers have developed a new DNA origami design strategy for engineering complex, arbitrarily shaped 3D DNA nanostructures that have substantial intrinsic curvatures. This strategy has been presented in a paper by Professors Hao Yan, Yan Liu and coworkers that was featured on the cover of Science for April 15, 2011. Use of DNA as a structural material is in the basis of the DNA nanotechnology searching for ways to assemble nanoscale structures

  13. Thin-Film Material Science and Processing | Materials Science...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    low weight and mechanical flexibility are crucial. Capabilities Cadmium Telluride PV An image of a cross-sectional transmission electron microscope image of cadmium telluride thin...

  14. Complex Oxides - Research Thrust Leader > Joel Brock > Leadership Team >

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Energy Materials Center at Cornell Joel Brock jdb20@cornell.edu Dr. Brock is a Professor in the School of Applied and Engineering Physics and a member of the graduate fields of Applied Physics and of Materials Science and Engineering. He is a principal investigator of both the Dynamics of Growth of Complex Materials and the Controlling Complex Electronic Materials interdisciplinary research groups of the Cornell Center for Materials Research. Joel is Director of the G-Line division of

  15. Materials Classification & Accelerated Property Predictions using...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Title: Materials Classification & Accelerated Property Predictions using Machine Learning ... Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: Materials Science(36) ...

  16. Materials Videos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Videos Materials

  17. Materials Science and Engineering Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Engineering Center - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion Efficiency Solar Energy Wind Energy Water Power Supercritical CO2 Geothermal Natural Gas Safety, Security & Resilience of the Energy Infrastructure Energy Storage Nuclear Power & Engineering Grid Modernization Battery Testing Nuclear Fuel Cycle Defense Waste Management Programs Advanced

  18. Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Seminars Software Policies User Surveys NERSC Users Group User Announcements Help Staff Blogs Request Repository Mailing List Operations for: Passwords & Off-Hours Status...

  19. CSTEC | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    CSTEC Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) EFRCs Home Centers EFRC External Websites Research Science Highlights News & Events Publications History Contact BES Home Centers CSTEC Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Center for Solar and Thermal Energy Conversion (CSTEC) Director(s): Peter F. Green Lead Institution: University of Michigan Years: 2009-2014 Mission: To study complex material structures on the nanoscale to identify key features for their potential use as materials to

  20. The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (A "Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research" contest entry from the 2011 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum)

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Allen, Todd (Director, Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel); CMSNF Staff

    2011-11-02

    'The Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuel (CMSNF)' was submitted by the CMSNF to the 'Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research' video contest at the 2011 Science for Our Nation's Energy Future: Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) Summit and Forum. Twenty-six EFRCs created short videos to highlight their mission and their work. CMSNF, an EFRC directed by Todd Allen at the Idaho National Laboratory is a partnership of scientists from six institutions: INL (lead), Colorado School of Mines, University of Florida, Florida State University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the University of Wisconsin at Madison. The Office of Basic Energy Sciences in the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Science established the 46 Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) in 2009. These collaboratively-organized centers conduct fundamental research focused on 'grand challenges' and use-inspired 'basic research needs' recently identified in major strategic planning efforts by the scientific community. The overall purpose is to accelerate scientific progress toward meeting the nation's critical energy challenges. The mission of the Center for Materials Science of Nuclear Fuels is 'to achieve a first-principles based understanding of the effect of irradiation-induced defects and microstructures on thermal transport in oxide nuclear fuels.' Research topics are: phonons, thermal conductivity, nuclear, extreme environment, radiation effects, defects, and matter by design.

  1. The Los Alamos Science Pillars The Science of Signatures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Joshua E.; Peterson, Eugene J.

    2012-09-13

    As a national security science laboratory, Los Alamos is often asked to detect and measure the characteristics of complex systems and to use the resulting information to quantify the system's behavior. The Science of Signatures (SoS) pillar is the broad suite of technical expertise and capability that we use to accomplish this task. With it, we discover new signatures, develop new methods for detecting or measuring signatures, and deploy new detection technologies. The breadth of work at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) in SoS is impressive and spans from the initial understanding of nuclear weapon performance during the Manhattan Project, to unraveling the human genome, to deploying laser spectroscopy instrumentation on Mars. Clearly, SoS is a primary science area for the Laboratory and we foresee that as it matures, new regimes of signatures will be discovered and new ways of extracting information from existing data streams will be developed. These advances will in turn drive the development of sensing instrumentation and sensor deployment. The Science of Signatures is one of three science pillars championed by the Laboratory and vital to supporting our status as a leading national security science laboratory. As with the other two pillars, Materials for the Future and Information Science and Technology for Predictive Science (IS&T), SoS relies on the integration of technical disciplines and the multidisciplinary science and engineering that is our hallmark to tackle the most difficult national security challenges. Over nine months in 2011 and 2012, a team of science leaders from across the Laboratory has worked to develop a SoS strategy that positions us for the future. The crafting of this strategy has been championed by the Chemistry, Life, and Earth Sciences Directorate, but as you will see from this document, SoS is truly an Institution-wide effort and it has engagement from every organization at the Laboratory. This process tapped the insight and imagination of many LANL staff and managers and resulted in a strategy which focuses on our strengths while recognizing that the science of signatures is dynamic. This report highlights the interdependence between SoS, advances in materials science, and advances in information technology. The intent is that SoS shape and inform Los Alamos investments in nuclear forensics, nuclear diagnostics, climate, space, energy, and biosurveillence; the areas of leadership that you will read about in this strategy document. The Science of Signatures is still a relatively new strategic direction for the Laboratory. The primary purpose of this document is tell Laboratory staff how SoS is being managed and give them a chance to get involved. A second important purpose is to inform the Department of Energy and our customers of our capability growth in this important scientific area. Questions concerning the SoS strategy and input to it are welcomed and may be directed to any member of the SoS Leadership Council or to the Chemistry, Life, and Earth Science Directorate Office.

  2. Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Energy Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Semiconductor & Optical Sciences Energy Sciences > CINT User Program > CINT Science Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering Research Neal Shinn Neal D. Shinn Sr. Manager Lupita Serna Lupita Serna Admin. Asst. Resources P. J. Feibelman Departments Energy Sciences The Energy Sciences Department oversees the operations of the following departments providing oversight in the areas of: Basic Energy Sciences/Materials Science Center for Integrated Nanotechnology (CINT), a

  3. Mesoscale Engineering of Nanocomposite Nonlinear Optical Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Afonso, C.N.; Feldman, L.C.; Gonella, F.; Haglund, R.F.; Luepke, G.; Magruder, R.H.; Mazzoldi, P.; Osborne, D.H.; Solis, J.; Zuhr, R.A.

    1999-11-01

    Complex nonlinear optical materials comprising elemental, compound or alloy quantum dots embedded in appropriate dielectric or semiconducting hosts may be suitable for deployment in photonic devices. Ion implantation, ion exchange followed by ion implantation, and pulsed laser deposition have ail been used to synthesize these materials. However, the correlation between the parameters of energetic-beam synthesis and the nonlinear optical properties is still very rudimentary when one starts to ask what is happening at nanoscale dimensions. Systems integration of complex nonlinear optical materials requires that the mesoscale materials science be well understood within the context of device structures. We discuss the effects of beam energy and energy density on quantum-dot size and spatial distribution, thermal conductivity, quantum-dot composition, crystallinity and defects - and, in turn, on the third-order optical susceptibility of the composite material. Examples from recent work in our laboratories are used to illustrate these effects.

  4. Top Science of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Multipronged HIV vaccine shows promise in monkeys /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Top Science of 2013 Our strong interdisciplinary teaming and unique research facilities allow us to develop solutions to complex problems, and to support partners and collaborators, all with the goal of strengthening national security and making a safer world. lab worker Multipronged HIV vaccine shows promise in monkeys lab worker HIV constantly mutates into many different strains that

  5. Top Science of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Liquid-scanning technology boosts airport security /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Top Science of 2013 Our strong interdisciplinary teaming and unique research facilities allow us to develop solutions to complex problems, and to support partners and collaborators, all with the goal of strengthening national security and making a safer world. Liquid-scanning technology boosts airport security placeholder Uniquely combining Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and X-ray technology,

  6. Top Science of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RAPTOR telescope witnesses black hole birth /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Top Science of 2013 Our strong interdisciplinary teaming and unique research facilities allow us to develop solutions to complex problems, and to support partners and collaborators, all with the goal of strengthening national security and making a safer world. RAPTOR telescope witnesses black hole birth placeholder The first "thinking telescope" RAPTOR found the birth of big black holes,

  7. Top Science of 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Space probes predict hazards to protect spacecraft /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Top Science of 2013 Our strong interdisciplinary teaming and unique research facilities allow us to develop solutions to complex problems, and to support partners and collaborators, all with the goal of strengthening national security and making a safer world. Space probes predict hazards to protect spacecraft placeholder Researchers think they've solved a 50-year-old space mystery about how

  8. Physics and Chemistry of Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 Physics and Chemistry of Materials Developing new science and technologies needed for ... Fundamental and applied theoretical research on the physics and chemistry of materials The ...

  9. Institute for Multiscale Materials Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    science and mechanics of soft, responsive, engineered materials. Activities combine theory, experiment, and numerical simulation of phenomena in soft materials spanning 7-14...

  10. Science and Science Fiction

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Scherrer, Robert [Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States

    2009-09-01

    I will explore the similarities and differences between the process of writing science fiction and the process of 'producing' science, specifically theoretical physics. What are the ground rules for introducing unproven new ideas in science fiction, and how do they differ from the corresponding rules in physics? How predictive is science fiction? (For that matter, how predictive is theoretical physics?) I will also contrast the way in which information is presented in science fiction, as opposed to its presentation in scientific papers, and I will examine the relative importance of ideas (as opposed to the importance of the way in which these ideas are presented). Finally, I will discuss whether a background as a research scientist provides any advantage in writing science fiction.

  11. Science Briefs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Briefs /newsroom/_assets/images/newsroom-icon.jpg Science Briefs Read in detail about specific Los Alamos science achievements, and the honors our scientists are accruing. Science Briefs - 2016» Science Briefs - 2015» Science Briefs - 2014» Science Briefs - 2013» Science Briefs - 2012» Science Briefs - 2011» Shown are time lapse images of supercritical CO2 displacing water in a fracture etched into a shale micromodel. The white, blue and gray colors represent supercritical CO2,

  12. Science Briefs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Briefs newsroomassetsimageslegacy-icon-short.jpg Science Briefs Read in detail about specific Los Alamos science achievements, and the honors our scientists are...

  13. Reactor Materials | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Reactor Materials Reactor Materials The reactor materials crosscut effort will enable the development of innovative and revolutionary materials and provide broad-based, modern materials science that will benefit all four DOE-NE objectives. This will be accomplished through innovative materials development, promoting the use of modern materials science and establishing new, shared research partnerships. Research into specific degradation modes or material needs unique to a particular reactor

  14. Materials and Molecular Research Division: Annual report, 1986

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, N.E.; Muller, R.H.; Peterson, C.V.

    1987-07-01

    Research activities are reported under the following headings: materials sciences, chemical sciences, nuclear sciences, fossil energy, energy storage systems, and work for others. (DLC)

  15. Science Events

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Science Events Learn about our science by coming to Frontiers in Science lectures, catch Cafe Scientific events in your community, or come to sicence events at the Bradbury...

  16. NREL: Energy Sciences - Kirstin M. Alberi

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a B.S. in Materials Science and Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 2003 and a PhD in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of...

  17. National Ignition Facility & Photon Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    nuclear astrophysics, material properties, plasma physics, nonlinear optical physics, radiation sources, radiative properties, and other areas of science. NIF will generate...

  18. Independent Oversight Follow-up Review of Activity Level Implementation of Radiation Controls and Radiological Work Planning at the Materials and Fuels Complex of the Idaho Site, January 2014

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Independent Oversight Follow-Up Review of Activity Level Implementation of Radiation Controls and Radiological Work Planning at the Materials and Fuels Complex of the Idaho Site January 2014 Office of Safety and Emergency Management Evaluations Office of Enforcement and Oversight Office of Health, Safety and Security U.S. Department of Energy Table of Contents 1.0

  19. Radiological Monitoring Results For Groundwater Samples Associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond: May 1, 2010-October 31, 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David B. Frederick

    2011-02-01

    This report summarizes radiological monitoring performed on samples from specific groundwater monitoring wells associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond (#LA-000160-01). The radiological monitoring was performed to fulfill Department of Energy requirements under the Atomic Energy Act.

  20. Radiological Monitoring Results For Groundwater Samples Associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond: November 1, 2010-October 31, 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Frederick

    2012-02-01

    This report summarizes radiological monitoring performed on samples from specific groundwater monitoring wells associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond (No.LA-000160-01). The radiological monitoring was performed to fulfill Department of Energy requirements under the Atomic Energy Act.

  1. Radiological Monitoring Results for Groundwater Samples Associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond: November 1, 2012-October 31, 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike Lewis

    2014-02-01

    This report summarizes radiological monitoring performed on samples from specific groundwater monitoring wells associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond WRU-I-0160-01, Modification 1 (formerly LA-000160-01). The radiological monitoring was performed to fulfill Department of Energy requirements under the Atomic Energy Act.

  2. Radiological Monitoring Results for Groundwater Samples Associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Pond: November 1, 2011-October 31, 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mike lewis

    2013-02-01

    This report summarizes radiological monitoring performed on samples from specific groundwater monitoring wells associated with the Industrial Wastewater Reuse Permit for the Materials and Fuels Complex Industrial Waste Ditch and Industrial Waste Pond WRU-I-0160-01, Modification 1 (formerly LA-000160-01). The radiological monitoring was performed to fulfill Department of Energy requirements under the Atomic Energy Act.

  3. Enterprise Assessments Targeted Review of the Safety System Management of the Secondary Confinement System and Power Distribution Safety System at the Y-12 National Security Complex Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility … December 2015

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Targeted Review of the Safety System Management of the Secondary Confinement System and Safety Significant Power Distribution System at the Y-12 National Security Complex Highly Enriched Uranium Materials Facility December 2015 Office of Nuclear Safety and Environmental Assessments Office of Environment, Safety and Health Assessments Office of Enterprise Assessments U.S. Department of Energy i Table of Contents Acronyms

  4. FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SRP radioactive waste releases. Startup through 1959 Ashley, C. 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; EMISSION; ENVIRONMENTAL MATERIALS;...

  5. Ultrafast Probes for Dirac Materials (Technical Report) | SciTech...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Research Org: Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Sponsoring Org: UCRP Country of Publication: United States Language: English Subject: Materials Science(36) Material Science; ...

  6. Scenes from Argonne's Materials Engineering Research Facility...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Energy usage Energy storage Batteries Lithium-air batteries Lithium-ion batteries Programs Chemical sciences & engineering Electrochemical energy storage Materials science...

  7. ARM - Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govScience Science Research Themes Research Highlights Journal Articles Collaborations Atmospheric System Research (ASR) Earth System Modeling Regional & Global Climate Modeling Terrestrial Ecosystem Science Performance Metrics User Meetings Past ARM Science Team Meetings ASR Meetings Accomplishments Accomplishments in Atmospheric Science, 2008-2013 (PDF, 7.4MB) ARM Accomplishments from the Science Program and User Facility, 1989-2008 (PDF, 696KB) Science New C-band scanning ARM

  8. Help | ScienceCinema

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FAQ FAQ What is Sciencecinema? ScienceCinema allows users to search for specific words and phrases spoken within video files. Users can then easily access the precise point in the video where the word was spoken. There are two search options within ScienceCinema, the default "Audio Search" and "Fielded Search." What is the content scope of ScienceCinema? Content in ScienceCinema varies topically; however, it is limited to material produced by the DOE National Laboratories,

  9. Magnetic Materials | Advanced Photon Source

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Internal Magnetic Materials The Magnetic Material Group (MMG) is part of the X-ray Science Division (XSD) at the Advanced Photon Source (APS). Our research focuses on the...

  10. Accelerating Advanced Material Development

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Research in the Information Age Accelerating Advanced Material Development NERSC Science Gateway a 'Google of Material Properties' October 31, 2011 Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 Kristin Persson is one of the founding scientists behind the Materials Project, a computational tool aimed at taking the guesswork out of new materials discoveries, especially those aimed at energy applications like batteries. (Roy Kaltschmidt, LBNL) New materials are crucial to building a clean energy

  11. Materials | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Materials Innovating tomorrow's materials today New high-tech materials are the key to breakthroughs in biology, the environment, nuclear energy, transportation and national security. Argonne continues to make revolutionary advances in the science of materials discovery and synthesis, and is designing new materials with advantageous properties - one atom at a time. Examples of these include Argonne's patented technologies for nanoparticle applications, heat transfer and materials for advanced

  12. Science Highlights | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Science Highlights Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Reports and Activities Science Highlights Highlight Archives Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Science Highlights Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page Filter by Performer Or press Esc Key to close. close Select all that apply. University DOE Laboratory Industry SC User Facilities ASCR User Facilities [+] Options « ASCR User Facilities National Energy Research Scientific Computing

  13. SSRL Science | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science SSRL Science Visit our Science Highlights Archive and list of User and Staff Publications for examples of SSRL user research. Accelerator Physics Macromolecular Crystallography (SMB) Magnetic Dichroism Spectroscopy & Microscopy Materials Scattering Molecular Environmental & Interface Science Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) SAXS Materials Science Powder Diffraction Small Angle Scattering/Diffraction (SMB) Total X-ray Reflection Fluorescence (TXRF) X-ray

  14. Chemical Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Chemical Science /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Chemical Science National security depends on science and technology. The United States relies on Los Alamos National Laboratory for the best of both. No place on Earth pursues a broader array of world-class scientific endeavors. Actinide Chemistry» Modeling & Simulation» Synthetic and Mechanistic Chemistry» Chemistry for Measurement and Detection Science» Chemical Researcher Jeff Pietryga shows two vials of

  15. Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by management and beamline scientists for their scientific significance. Current highlights (2004-present), highlight archives (1995-2004), and Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights are also available. Science Briefs Short reports on recent research submitted by ALS beamline scientists and users. Science Cafés Informal

  16. Nuclear Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nuclear Science Nuclear Science Experimental and theoretical nuclear research carried out at NERSC is driven by the quest for improving our understanding of the building blocks of...

  17. Science Gateways

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    About Science Gateways A science gateway is a web-based interface to access HPC computers ... perform shared computations, and generally interact with NERSC resources over the web. ...

  18. Computational Earth Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Computational Earth Science We develop and apply a range of high-performance computational methods and software tools to Earth science projects in support of environmental health, cleaner energy, and national security. Contact Us Group Leader Carl Gable Deputy Group Leader Gilles Bussod Email Profile pages header Search our Profile pages Hari Viswanathan inspects a microfluidic cell used to study the extraction of hydrocarbon fuels from a complex fracture network. EES-16's Subsurface Flow

  19. Polymorphism of DNA-anionic Liposome Complexes Reveals Hierarchy of

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Ion-mediated Interactions Polymorphism of DNA-anionic Liposome Complexes Reveals Hierarchy of Ion-mediated Interactions Hongjun Liang,* Daniel Harries,+ and Gerard C. L. Wong* *Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Department of Physics, Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL 61801, USA +Laboratory of Physical and Structural Biology, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA Gene therapy using

  20. The Science and Energy Plan | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Science and Energy Plan The Science and Energy Plan The Science and Energy Plan Download the Science and Energy Plan [PDF] FY 2016 Science and Energy Plan The FY 2016 Science and Energy Plan (SEP) is aimed at improving the overall effectiveness of the Science and Energy enterprise by: Creating awareness and transparency about how DOE performs its science and energy functions Demonstrating how the Department operates as a coordinated system to address complex challenges Providing a baseline

  1. Is sustainability science really a science?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Is sustainability science really a science? Is sustainability science really a science? The team's work shows that although sustainability science has been growing explosively ...

  2. A Look Inside Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials | Argonne National

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory A Look Inside Argonne's Center for Nanoscale Materials Share Topic Programs Materials science Nanoscience

  3. Statistical Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Statistical Sciences Applying statistical reasoning and rigor to multidisciplinary scientific investigations Contact Us Group Leader Joanne Wendelberger Email Deputy Group Leader James R. Gattiker Email Group Administrator LeeAnn Martinez (505) 667-3308 Email Statistical Sciences Statistical Sciences provides statistical reasoning and rigor to multidisciplinary scientific investigations and development, application, and communication of cutting-edge statistical sciences research. Statistical

  4. Explosives Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Explosives Science Explosives Science Current efforts in explosives science cover many areas critical to national security. One particular area is the need for countermeasures against explosive threats. v Comprehensive explosives process Los Alamos National Laboratory offers a comprehensive explosives process. This process leverages entire technical divisions dedicated to explosives science. Los Alamos scientists combine advanced expertise and capabilities with modern facilities. These assets

  5. Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Surface and Interface Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Home About Us Departments Radiation, Nano Materials, & Interface Sciences > Radiation & Solid Interactions > Nanomaterials Sciences > Surface & Interface Sciences Semiconductor & Optical Sciences Energy Sciences Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering Research Carlos Gutierrez Carlos Gutierrez Manager Resources Department Folder 01114 Sharepoint Visit Our Labs Grest Group Nanorheology Research (514 KB PDF) Interfacial Force Microscopy Group (701 KB PDF)

  6. Research | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Research Basic Energy Sciences (BES) BES Home About Research Materials Sciences & Engineering (MSE) Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences (CSGB) Accelerator and Detector Research Research Conduct Policies DOE Energy Innovation Hubs Energy Frontier Research Centers National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of BES Funding Opportunities Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (BESAC) Community Resources Contact Information Basic Energy Sciences

  7. Hanford Site Cleanup Challenges and Opportunities for Science and Technology--A Strategic Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, Thomas W.; Johnson, Wayne L.; Kreid, Dennis K.; Walton, Terry L.

    2001-02-01

    The sheer expanse of the Hanford Site, the inherent hazards associated with the significant inventory of nuclear materials and wastes, the large number of aging contaminated facilities, the diverse nature and extent of environmental contamination, and the proximity to the Columbia River make Hanford perhaps the world's largest and most complex environmental cleanup project. It is not possible to address the more complex elements of this enormous challenge in a cost-effective manner without strategic investments in science and technology. Success requires vigorous and sustained efforts to enhance the science and technology basis, develop and deploy innovative solutions, and provide firm scientific bases to support site cleanup and closure decisions at Hanford.

  8. Quanta to the Continuum: Opportunities for Mesoscale Science...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Quanta to the Continuum: Opportunities for Mesoscale Science Sarrao, John L Los Alamos National Laboratory; Crabtree, George Argonne National Laboratory 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE;...

  9. NNSA announces winners of Stewardship Science Academic Programs...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    during this year's session on topics including low energy nuclear science, properties of materials under extreme conditions, high energy density physics, and predictive science. ...

  10. Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by management and beamline scientists for their scientific significance. Current highlights (2004-present), highlight archives (1995-2004), and Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights are also available. Science Briefs Short reports on recent research submitted by ALS beamline scientists and users. Science Cafés Informal lecture series

  11. Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by management and beamline scientists for their scientific significance. Current highlights (2004-present), highlight archives (1995-2004), and Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights are also available. Science Briefs Short reports on recent research submitted by ALS beamline scientists and users. Science Cafés Informal lecture series

  12. Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by management and beamline scientists for their scientific significance. Current highlights (2004-present), highlight archives (1995-2004), and Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights are also available. Science Briefs Short reports on recent research submitted by ALS beamline scientists and users. Science Cafés Informal lecture series

  13. Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlights Print Science Highlights Featured scientific research based on publications resulting from work done at the ALS. Highlights are nominated by management and beamline scientists for their scientific significance. Current highlights (2004-present), highlight archives (1995-2004), and Summary Slides of ALS Science Highlights are also available. Science Briefs Short reports on recent research submitted by ALS beamline scientists and users. Science Cafés Informal lecture series

  14. Explore Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Explore Explore Science Create your own science adventure by exploring our varied exhibits, and learn what inspired our scientists, engineers and technicians to discover new things. August 18, 2014 boys conducting experiment [Science is] a great game. It is inspiring and refreshing. The playing field is the universe itself. -I.I. Rabi Science is thinking in an organized way about things. You don't need a license or permission to practice science. Scientists are interested in just about anything

  15. Multi Material Paradigm

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Multi Material Paradigm Glenn S. Daehn Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University Advanced Composites (FRP) Steel Spaceframe Multi Material Concept Composites Advanced Steel body Coil-coated shell Steel thin wall casting High strength Steels Al-Spaceframe Steel Unibody Stainless Steel Spaceframe Affordability of weight reduction Design Materials Processes Approach Advanced M-Spaceframe L > 2012 Multi Material Paradigm Joining problems and methods f Joining

  16. Materials at the Mesoscale

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    » Materials at the Mesoscale 1663 Los Alamos science and technology magazine Latest Issue:October 2015 past issues All Issues » submit Materials at the Mesoscale Los Alamos's bold proposal to understand and control material properties December 12, 2015 Materials at the Mesoscale Between the atomic and macro scales lies a gap in our knowledge of materials known as the mesoscale. A gap remains in the understanding of mesoscale properties and responses, especially in extreme temperature,

  17. Method for preparing radiopharmaceutical complexes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, Alun G.; Davison, Alan; Abrams, Michael J.

    1989-05-02

    A method for preparing radiopharmaceutical complexes that are substantially free of the reaction materials used to produce the radiopharmaceutical complex is disclosed. The method involves admixing in a suitable first solvent in a container a target seeking ligand or salt or metal adduct thereof, a radionuclide label, and a reducing agent for said radionuclide, thereby forming said radiopharmaceutical complex; coating the interior walls of the container with said pharmaceutical complex; discarding the solvent containing by-products and unreacted starting reaction materials; and removing the radiopharmaceutical complex from said walls by dissolving it in a second solvent, thereby obtaining said radiopharmaceutical complex substantially free of by-products and unreacted starting materials.

  18. Lab grants Decision Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    grants Decision Sciences Corporation exclusive commercial license for muon tomography October 7, 2008 LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, October 7, 2008-Los Alamos National Laboratory has granted Decision Sciences Corporation (DSC) an exclusive worldwide license to commercialize muon tomography, a LANL-developed technology. Muon tomography uses naturally occurring cosmic-ray muons, a type of subatomic particle, to detect and identify concealed nuclear threat materials based on their atomic number and

  19. Sandia National Labs: PCNSC: Departments: Small Science Cluster Business

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office Sciences Semiconductor & Optical Sciences Energy Sciences Small Science Cluster Business Office News Partnering Research Georgia Rivera-Gronager Georgia Rivera-Gronager Manager Beverly Eppinga Beverly Eppinga Sr. Mgt. Asst. Departments Small Science Cluster Business Office The Small Science Cluster Business Office provides administrative support to the Physical, Chemical, & Nano Sciences Center's organizational operations; the Materials and Process Sciences Center's

  20. Module Encapsulation Materials, Processing and Testing (Presentation...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Module Encapsulation Materials, Processing and Testing (Presentation) Pern, J. 14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ENCAPSULATION; PROCESSING; RELIABILITY; TESTING PV; MODULE...

  1. Porvair Advanced Materials | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Advanced Materials Place: North Carolina Zip: 28792 Sector: Carbon Product: Materials science company focused on the development and application of microporous carbon, metals and...

  2. COMPUTATIONAL SCIENCE CENTER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DAVENPORT, J.

    2005-11-01

    The Brookhaven Computational Science Center brings together researchers in biology, chemistry, physics, and medicine with applied mathematicians and computer scientists to exploit the remarkable opportunities for scientific discovery which have been enabled by modern computers. These opportunities are especially great in computational biology and nanoscience, but extend throughout science and technology and include, for example, nuclear and high energy physics, astrophysics, materials and chemical science, sustainable energy, environment, and homeland security. To achieve our goals we have established a close alliance with applied mathematicians and computer scientists at Stony Brook and Columbia Universities.

  3. National Security Science July 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The Academies Come to Los Alamos for a Summer of Science What Is an Air Force Fellow? Then & Now About the Cover Nuclear weapons are mind-bogglingly complex. For them to perform as ...

  4. Energy, information science, and systems science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wallace, Terry C; Mercer - Smith, Janet A

    2011-02-01

    This presentation will discuss global trends in population, energy consumption, temperature changes, carbon dioxide emissions, and energy security programs at Los Alamos National Laboratory. LANL's capabilities support vital national security missions and plans for the future. LANL science supports the energy security focus areas of impacts of Energy Demand Growth, Sustainable Nuclear Energy, and Concepts and Materials for Clean Energy. The innovation pipeline at LANL spans discovery research through technology maturation and deployment. The Lab's climate science capabilities address major issues. Examples of modeling and simulation for the Coupled Ocean and Sea Ice Model (COSIM) and interactions of turbine wind blades and turbulence will be given.

  5. Science Briefs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    feed-image Digg: ALSBerkeleyLab Facebook Page: 208064938929 Flickr: advancedlightsource Twitter: AdvLightSource YouTube: AdvancedLightSource Home Science Highlights Science Briefs Science Briefs ALS Science Briefs are short (200 words maximum) descriptions of recently published ALS-related work. These "brief" highlights also include one image, a caption (50 words), and the publication citation. All ALS users and beamline scientists are invited to fill out the short submission form here

  6. Science Programs

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Programs /science-innovation/_assets/images/icon-science.jpg Science Programs The focal point for basic and applied R&D programs with a primary focus on energy but also encompassing medical, biotechnology, high-energy physics, and advanced scientific computing programs. Applied Energy Programs» Civilian Nuclear Programs» Laboratory Directed Research & Development» Office of Science»

  7. Big Science

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dr. Thomas Zacharia

    2010-01-08

    Big science seeks big solutions for the most urgent problems of our times. Video courtesy Cray, Inc.

  8. Huazhong Science Technology University Yongtai Science Technology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Huazhong Science Technology University Yongtai Science Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: Huazhong Science & Technology University Yongtai Science & Technology Co...

  9. Materials Project: A Materials Genome Approach

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Ceder, Gerbrand [MIT; Persson, Kristin [LBNL

    Technological innovation - faster computers, more efficient solar cells, more compact energy storage - is often enabled by materials advances. Yet, it takes an average of 18 years to move new materials discoveries from lab to market. This is largely because materials designers operate with very little information and must painstakingly tweak new materials in the lab. Computational materials science is now powerful enough that it can predict many properties of materials before those materials are ever synthesized in the lab. By scaling materials computations over supercomputing clusters, this project has computed some properties of over 80,000 materials and screened 25,000 of these for Li-ion batteries. The computations predicted several new battery materials which were made and tested in the lab and are now being patented. By computing properties of all known materials, the Materials Project aims to remove guesswork from materials design in a variety of applications. Experimental research can be targeted to the most promising compounds from computational data sets. Researchers will be able to data-mine scientific trends in materials properties. By providing materials researchers with the information they need to design better, the Materials Project aims to accelerate innovation in materials research.[copied from http://materialsproject.org/about] You will be asked to register to be granted free, full access.

  10. Energy Sciences Building | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Video Argonne's Energy Sciences Building Resources Energy Sciences Building (ESB) brochure Energy Sciences Building The Energy Sciences Building is a world-class scientific facility and a shining example of sustainable design. Argonne's Energy Sciences Building (ESB) contains a nexus of interdisciplinary research in basic materials design, fundamental chemistry and energy systems research designed to address the nation's most pressing challenge of the 21st century - clean, affordable, and

  11. SSRL Science Highlights Archive | Stanford Synchrotron Radiation

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lightsource Science Highlights Archive Approximately 1,600 scientists visit SSRL annually to conduct experiments in broad disciplines including life sciences, materials, environmental science, and accelerator physics. Science highlights featured here and in our monthly newsletter, Headlines, increase the visibility of user science as well as the important contribution of SSRL in facilitating basic and applied scientific research. Many of these scientific highlights have been included in

  12. Science at ALCF | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The form factor for the decay of a kaon into a pion and two leptons Lattice QCD Paul Mackenzie Allocation Program: INCITE Allocation Hours: 180 Million Science at ALCF Allocation Program - Any - INCITE ALCC ESP Director's Discretionary Year Year -Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Research Domain - Any - Physics Mathematics Computer Science Chemistry Earth Science Energy Technologies Materials Science Engineering Biological Sciences Apply sort descending An example of a Category 5

  13. Climate & Earth Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Human-Induced Climate Change Reduces Chance of Flooding in Okavango Delta Energy Science Engineering Science Environmental Science Fusion Science Math & Computer Science Nuclear...

  14. Science DMZ for ALS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ALS Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Case Studies OSCARS Case Studies Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ CU...

  15. Radiological Assessment Survey of the Vance road Facility Source Vault Building Materials, Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. R. Morton

    2000-09-01

    From the 1950s, the Vance Road laboratory was the site of extensive nuclear medical research and involved the used of numerous radionuclides. These nuclides were stored in a source vault stored on the first floor of the facility. Nuclear medical research is no longer conducted in this facility, and the source vault was remediated in preparation for converting the area to office space and general use. The Environmental Survey and Site Assessment Program (ESSAP) of ORISE performed a radiological assessment survey of the source vault and its associated miscellaneous building materials and laboratory equipment in preparation for the conversion to general use space.

  16. ARM - Science Team Meeting Proceedings

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    govPublicationsScience Team Meeting Proceedings Publications Journal Articles Conference Documents Program Documents Technical Reports Publications Database Public Information Materials Image Library Videos Publication Resources Submit a Publication Publishing Procedures ARM Style Guide (PDF, 448KB) Acronyms Glossary Logos Contacts RSS for Publications Science Team Meeting Proceedings Science Team Meeting Proceedings Note: For proper viewing, many of these proceedings should be viewed with Adobe

  17. DOE Science Showcase | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technical Information DOE Science Showcase 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 February DOE Science Showcase: Shape-Memory Materials January DOE Science Showcase - Spintronics December DOE Science Showcase - Stirling Engines November DOE Science Showcase - Microbes October DOE Science Showcase - Bent Crystals September DOE Science Showcase - Quantum Chaos August DOE Science Showcase - MicroElectroMechanical Systems May DOE Science Showcase - Mesoscale April DOE Science Showcase -

  18. Science DMZ Case Studies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science DMZ Case Studies Science DMZ @ UF Science DMZ @ CU Science DMZ @ Penn & VTTI Science DMZ @ NOAA Science DMZ @ NERSC Science DMZ @ ALS Multi-facility Workflow Case Study...

  19. ScienceCinema Goes International

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In addition to the Energy Department's most exciting research, ScienceCinema is now adding audio and video collections from CERN, making all this material more visible to researchers and the public.

  20. NREL: Energy Sciences - Tim Snow

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Materials Science Center. Since graduating in 1987, he has worked within the semiconductor field for Intel, LSI Logic, Atmel, and ZettaCore, Inc. He holds a U.S. patent for...

  1. NREL: Energy Sciences - Joongoo Kang

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    his Ph.D. in physics from the KAIST, South Korea, under the supervision of Prof. K. J. Chang. His background is in solid-state physics and materials science based on...

  2. Materials Design and Discovery: Catalysis and Energy Storage...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Materials Design and Discovery: Catalysis and Energy Storage (Mira Early Science Program Final Technical Report): ALCF-2 Early Science Program Technical Report Citation Details...

  3. NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemistry and Nanoscience

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and comprises the Chemical and Material Sciences Center and the National Center for Photovoltaics. Printable Version NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of...

  4. Center for Electrochemical Energy Science | Argonne National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Science Research Program Publications & Presentations News An Energy Frontier Research Center Exploring the electrochemical reactivity of oxide materials and their...

  5. SRNL Science and Innovation - Clean Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office (BTO) stated needs for the new program in Waste to Energy (WTE) initiative. SRNL is leveraging its nuclear core competencies in chemistry, material science and ...

  6. Physical Sciences and Engineering Directorate Organization Chart

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science (CEES II) P. Fenter (CSE) Center for Nanoscale Materials S. Guha Argonne Tandem Linac Accelerator System G. Savard (PHY) Center for Emergent Conductivity (CES) W....

  7. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    D.A.(a) and Charlock, T.P.(b), Analytical Services & Materials Inc.(a), Atmospheric Sciences Competency, NASA Langley Research Center (b) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation...

  8. Collaborative, Data-Intensive Science Key to Science & Commerce Challenges

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kleese van Dam, Kerstin

    2013-05-28

    This article coincides with the release of "Data-Intensive Science," co-edited by Dr. Kerstin Kleese van Dam. In the piece, Dr. Kleese van Dam explains how data-intensive science has the potential to transform not only how we do science but how quickly we can translate scientific progress into complete solutions, policies, decisions and, ultimately, economic success. In the article, she states it is clear that nations that can most effectively transform tons of scientific data into actionable knowledge are going to be the leaders in the future of science and commerce and how creating the required new insights for complex challenges cannot be done without effective collaboration. Because many science domains already are unable to explore all of the data they collect (or which is relevant to their research), progress in collaborative, data-intensive science is crucial toward unlocking the potential of big data.

  9. SCIENCE ON SATURDAY-"Visualizing the Atomic World" | Princeton...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Udo Schwarz Department of Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science and Department of Chemical & Environmental Engineering, Yale University Presentation: Office presentation...

  10. Photon Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Photon Science Along with its primary missions-global security, energy security, basic science, and national competitiveness-the NIF & Photon Science Directorate also pursues research and development projects to innovate and develop cutting-edge technologies in support of those missions. This effort strategically invests in new technologies and development of large-scale photon systems for various federal agencies and industry sponsors. NIF&PS researchers are developing world-class

  11. Fermilab | Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    feature photo feature photo feature photo feature photo feature photo Science Navbar Toggle About Quick Info Science History Organization Photo and video gallery Diversity Education Safety Sustainability and environment Contact Newsroom Spotlight Press releases Fact sheets and brochures symmetry Interactions.org Photo and video archive Resources for ... Employees Researchers, Postdocs and Graduate Students Job Seekers Neighbors Industry K-12 Students, Teachers and Undergraduates Media Science

  12. Fire Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science - Sandia Energy Energy Search Icon Sandia Home Locations Contact Us Employee Locator Energy & Climate Secure & Sustainable Energy Future Stationary Power Energy Conversion ...

  13. Information Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T) American Society for Indexing (ASI) Digital Library Federation (DLF) National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) Special...

  14. SCIENCE Program

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Program early science program Early at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility CONTACT Argonne Leadership Computing Facility | www.alcf.anl.gov | (877) 737-8615...

  15. Quantum effects and anharmonicity in the H{sub 2}-Li{sup +}-benzene complex: A model for hydrogen storage materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolmann, Stephen J.; D'Arcy, Jordan H.; Jordan, Meredith J. T.

    2013-12-21

    Quantum and anharmonic effects are investigated in H{sub 2}-Li{sup +}-benzene, a model for hydrogen adsorption in metal-organic frameworks and carbon-based materials. Three- and 8-dimensional quantum diffusion Monte Carlo (QDMC) and rigid-body diffusion Monte Carlo (RBDMC) simulations are performed on potential energy surfaces interpolated from electronic structure calculations at the M05-2X/6-31+G(d,p) and M05-2X/6-311+G(2df,p) levels of theory using a three-dimensional spline or a modified Shepard interpolation. These calculations investigate the intermolecular interactions in this system, with three- and 8-dimensional 0 K H{sub 2} binding enthalpy estimates, ?H{sub bind} (0 K), being 16.5 kJmol{sup ?1} and 12.4 kJmol{sup ?1}, respectively: 0.1 and 0.6 kJmol{sup ?1} higher than harmonic values. Zero-point energy effects are 35%of the value of ?H{sub bind} (0 K) at M05-2X/6-311+G(2df,p) and cannot be neglected; uncorrected electronic binding energies overestimate ?H{sub bind} (0 K) by at least 6 kJmol{sup ?1}. Harmonic intermolecular binding enthalpies can be corrected by treating the H{sub 2} helicopter and ferris wheel rotations as free and hindered rotations, respectively. These simple corrections yield results within 2% of the 8-dimensional anharmonic calculations. Nuclear ground state probability density histograms obtained from the QDMC and RBDMC simulations indicate the H{sub 2} molecule is delocalized above the Li{sup +}-benzene system at 0 K.

  16. Synthesis and Processing Science | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    Synthesis and Processing Science Materials Sciences and Engineering (MSE) Division MSE Home About Research Areas Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) DOE Energy Innovation Hubs BES Funding Opportunities Reports and Activities Science Highlights Principal Investigators' Meetings BES Home Research Areas Synthesis and Processing Science Print Text Size: A A A FeedbackShare Page This research area supports basic research for developing new techniques to synthesize materials with desired

  17. Materials in the news

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    News Materials in the news Discover more about the wide-ranging scope of materials research at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Contact Us ADEPS Communications Email Scientists Aditya Mohite, left, and Wanyi Nie are perfecting a crystal production technique to improve perovskite crystal production for solar cells Scientists Aditya Mohite, left, and Wanyi Nie are perfecting a crystal production technique to improve perovskite crystal production for solar cells Read more... Materials science at Los

  18. DIVERSITY. EDUCATION. SCIENCE. The ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sciences-Biology, Computer, Information Technology, Geology, Mathematics, Microbiology, and Physics. Social Sciences-Economics, Organizational Psychology, Political Science, ...

  19. Materials Science: the science of everything | Y-12 National...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    a Skype conversation with NASA astronauts Barry "Butch" Wilmore, left, and Jeffrey Williams. On the 50th anniversary of the first American spacewalk June 3, a group of high...

  20. NREL: Energy Sciences - Chemical and Materials Science Staff

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the strategic direction of our research. Fellows Angelo Mascarenhas Garry Rumbles John Turner Emeriti Calvin (Buzz) Curtis Satyen Deb Arthur Frank Larry Kazmerski Arthur...

  1. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Workshop Agenda Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and...

  2. Reference Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    home page NERSC science requirements workshop page NERSC science requirements case study FAQ Previous NERSC Requirements Workshops Biological and Environmental Research...

  3. National Security Science Archive

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science NSS Archive National Security Science Latest Issue:July 2015 past issues All Issues submit National Security Science Archive National Security Science magazine...

  4. Materials Design and Discovery: Catalysis and Energy Storage (Mira Early

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Science Program Final Technical Report): ALCF-2 Early Science Program Technical Report (Technical Report) | SciTech Connect Materials Design and Discovery: Catalysis and Energy Storage (Mira Early Science Program Final Technical Report): ALCF-2 Early Science Program Technical Report Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Materials Design and Discovery: Catalysis and Energy Storage (Mira Early Science Program Final Technical Report): ALCF-2 Early Science Program Technical Report Authors:

  5. Cationic Liposome-Microtuble Complexes: Lipid-Protein Bio-Nanotubles with

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Open or Closed Ends Cationic Liposome-Microtubule Complexes: Lipid-Protein Bio-Nanotubes with Open or Closed Ends Uri Raviv,*,+ Daniel J. Needleman,*,+ Youli Li,*,+ Herbert P. Miller,+ Leslie Wilson,+ and Cyrus R. Safinya *,+ *Materials Department, Physics Department +Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology Department, Biomolecular Science and Engineering Program, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 In this work we explored the structured that form when cationic

  6. Network Requirements Workshop - Documents and Background Materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Requirements Review Reports Case Studies News & Publications ESnet News Publications and Presentations Galleries ESnet Awards and Honors Blog ESnet Live Home » Science Engagement » Science Requirements Reviews » Network Requirements Reviews » Documents and Background Materials Science Engagement Move your data Programs & Workshops Science Requirements Reviews Network Requirements Reviews Documents and Background Materials FAQ for Case Study Authors BER Requirements Review 2015 ASCR

  7. Science Magazine

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    & ANALYSIS www.sciencemag.org SCIENCE VOL 339 8 FEBRUARY 2013 635 Steven Chu, the fi rst Nobel-winning scien- tist to lead the sprawling U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has rarely...

  8. Science Museum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Nanotechnology and algae biofuels exhibits open July 26 at the Bradbury Science Museum July 22, 2013 LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 22, 2013-Los Alamos National Laboratory's Bradbury Science Museum is opening two new exhibits July 26 as part of the Laboratory's 70th Anniversary celebration. One is a nanotechnology exhibit featuring the Laboratory's Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies (CINT) and the other is an algae biofuel exhibit from the Laboratory and the New Mexico Consortium. An opening

  9. Isotope Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science and Production 35 years of experience in isotope production, processing, and applications. Llllll Committed to the safe and reliable production of radioisotopes, products, and services. Contact: Kevin John LANL Isotope Program Manager kjohn@lanl.gov 505-667-3602 Sponsored by the Department of Energy National Isotope Program http://www.nuclear.energy.gov/isotopes/nelsotopes2a.html Isotopes for Environmental Science Isotopes produced at Los Alamos National Laboratory are used as

  10. Energy Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Science Energy Science Print Our current fossil-fuel-based system is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources of energy requires us to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels. Light-source facilities-the synchrotrons of today and the next-generation light sources of tomorrow-are the scientific tools of choice for exploring the electronic and atomic structure

  11. Science Highlights

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Highlights Science Highlights Science highlights feature research conducted by staff and users at the ALS. If a Power Point summary slide or a PDF handout of the highlight is available, you will find it linked beneath the highlight listing and on the highlight's page. You may also print a version of a highlight by clicking the print icon associated with each highlight. Manganese Reduction-Oxidation Drives Plant Debris Decomposition Print Monday, 22 February 2016 00:00 ALS research has shown that

  12. Measurement Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    wins 2016 Joseph F. Keithley Award for Advances in Measurement Science October 15, 2015 Honors to Albert Migliori, developer of resonant ultrasound spectroscopy LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 15, 2015-Los Alamos National Laboratory physicist Albert Migliori, having led the development of a powerful tool for important measurements in condensed matter physics including superconductivity, is being given the Joseph F. Keithley Award For Advances in Measurement Science, the top instrumentation prize of the

  13. Nuclear Science

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    and Engineering Education Sourcebook 2013 American Nuclear Society US Department of Energy Nuclear Science & Engineering Education Sourcebook 2013 North American Edition American Nuclear Society Education, Training, and Workforce Division US Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Editor and Founder John Gilligan Professor of Nuclear Engineering North Carolina State University Version 5.13 Welcome to the 2013 Edition of the Nuclear Science and Engineering Education (NS&EE)

  14. What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website What Makes Science, Science? Research, Shared Effort ... & A New Office of Science Website ...

  15. Space-time complexity in solid state models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bishop, A.R.

    1985-01-01

    In this Workshop on symmetry-breaking it is appropriate to include the evolving fields of nonlinear-nonequilibrium systems in which transitions to and between various degrees of ''complexity'' (including ''chaos'') occur in time or space or both. These notions naturally bring together phenomena of pattern formation and chaos and therefore have ramifications for a huge array of natural sciences - astrophysics, plasmas and lasers, hydrodynamics, field theory, materials and solid state theory, optics and electronics, biology, pattern recognition and evolution, etc. Our particular concerns here are with examples from solid state and condensed matter.

  16. Exploiting Asynchrony for Exascale Computational Materials Science

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Outline * Why cant we keep doing things the way weve always done? - Case study: molecular dynamics in the massively parallel era: from the Thinking Machines CM-5 and Cray...

  17. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Conference 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    spectroscopy for chemical analysis Organizers: Sergey Shilov and James Burgess (Bruker Optics) Local Contact: Brad Lokitz, ORNL Event overview: Join us to learn about Infrared and...

  18. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    solids, and thin films. Non-ambient options include controlled temperature and humidity cells, flow cells, and grazing-incidence SAXS for in-plane characterization of thin...

  19. Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences - Newsletter

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summer Newsletter 2010 Welcome Sean Smith CNMS Division Director Editor's Note: On August 1, the CNMS was pleased to welcome its new director, Sean Smith, who joined us from the...

  20. The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    relationship between the probability of negative entropy producing states (i.e., violations of the second law of thermodynamics), the probability of positive entropy...