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1

Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door in  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door in Pretreatment Facility Hanford Waste Treatment Plant Sets Massive Protective Shield door in Pretreatment Facility January 12, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis The carbon steel doors come together to form an upside-down L-shape. The 102-ton door was set on top of the 85-ton door that was installed at the end of December. The carbon steel doors come together to form an upside-down L-shape. The 102-ton door was set on top of the 85-ton door that was installed at the end of December. The 102-ton shield door measures 52 feet wide and 15 feet tall The 102-ton shield door measures 52 feet wide and 15 feet tall The carbon steel doors come together to form an upside-down L-shape. The 102-ton door was set on top of the 85-ton door that was installed at the end of December.

2

Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire Effective safety procedures in place at Los Alamos National Laboratory would have provided protections in the event that the raging Las Conchas fire had spread to the site of an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act project. "Our procedures not only placed the waste excavation site, Materials Disposal Area B (MDA-B), into a safe posture so it was well protected during the fire, but also allowed us to resume work quickly," said Project Director Al Chaloupka. Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire More Documents & Publications Los Alamos Lab Completes Excavation of Waste Disposal Site Used in the 1940s

3

Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

July 13, 2011 July 13, 2011 Protecting Recovery Act Cleanup Site During Massive Wildfire LOS ALAMOS, N.M. - Effective safety procedures in place at Los Alamos National Laboratory would have provided protections in the event that the raging Las Conchas fire had spread to the site of an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act project. "Our procedures not only placed the waste excavation site, Materials Disposal Area B (MDA-B), into a safe posture so it was well protected during the fire, but also allowed us to resume work quickly," said Project Director Al Chaloupka. The largest wildfire in New Mexico history forced the Lab to close for more than a week. While firefighters battled the fire, Recovery Act project officials were making plans to re-start the Recovery Act excavation of MDA-B when it was safe to return to

4

Critical Analysis of Active Shielding Methods for Space Radiation Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are reviewed and critiqued. Advantages and disadvantages of the proposed methods will be presented harmful space radiations. Designs affording protection from either solar energetic particle event protons for deep space missions are sporadic solar energetic particle events (SPEs) and the ever-present Galactic

Shepherd, Simon

5

2013 R&D 100 Award: 'SHIELD' protects NIF optics from harmful pulses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the past, it took as long as 12 hours to manually screen 48 critical checkpoints at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) for harmful laser pulses. The screening equipment had to be moved from point to point throughout a facility the size of three football fields. Now with a new technology, called Laser SHIELD (Screening at High-throughput to Identify Energetic Laser Distortion), and with the push of a button, the screening can be done in less than one second. Proper screening of pulses is critical for the operation of high-energy lasers to ensure that the laser does not exceed safe operating conditions for optics. The energetic beams of light are so powerful that, when left uncontrolled, they can shatter the extremely valuable glass inside the laser. If a harmful pulse is found, immediate adjustments can be made in order to protect the optics for the facility. Laser SHIELD is a custom-designed high-throughput screening system built from low-cost and commercially available components found in the telecommunications industry. Its all-fiber design makes it amenable to the unique needs of high-energy laser facilities, including routing to intricate pick-off locations, immunity to electromagnetic interference and low-loss transport (up to several kilometers). The technology offers several important benefits for NIF. First, the facility is able to fire more shots in less time-an efficiency that saves the facility millions of dollars each year. Second, high-energy lasers are more flexible to wavelength changes requested by target physicists. Third, by identifying harmful pulses before they damage the laser's optics, the facility potentially saves hundreds of thousands of dollars in maintenance costs each year.

Chou, Jason

2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

6

Radiation protection of staff in 111In radionuclide therapy—is the lead apron shielding effective?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......trained in basic radiation safety, including the...minimise their radiation dose. Within a...the LTM Windows software, Version 1.20...shield for the radiation. Calculations...done using MatLab software. The final voxel......

M. Lyra; P. Charalambatou; M. Sotiropoulos; S. Diamantopoulos

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Thermocouple shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermocouple shield for use in radio frequency fields. In some embodiments the shield includes an electrically conductive tube that houses a standard thermocouple having a thermocouple junction. The electrically conductive tube protects the thermocouple from damage by an RF (including microwave) field and mitigates erroneous temperature readings due to the microwave or RF field. The thermocouple may be surrounded by a ceramic sheath to further protect the thermocouple. The ceramic sheath is generally formed from a material that is transparent to the wavelength of the microwave or RF energy. The microwave transparency property precludes heating of the ceramic sheath due to microwave coupling, which could affect the accuracy of temperature measurements. The ceramic sheath material is typically an electrically insulating material. The electrically insulative properties of the ceramic sheath help avert electrical arcing, which could damage the thermocouple junction. The electrically conductive tube is generally disposed around the thermocouple junction and disposed around at least a portion of the ceramic sheath. The concepts of the thermocouple shield may be incorporated into an integrated shielded thermocouple assembly.

Ripley, Edward B. (Knoxville, TN)

2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

8

Lightweight blast shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tandem warhead missile arrangement that has a composite material housing structure with a first warhead mounted at one end and a second warhead mounted near another end of the composite structure with a dome shaped composite material blast shield mounted between the warheads to protect the second warhead from the blast of the first warhead.

Mixon, Larry C. (Madison, AL); Snyder, George W. (Huntsville, AL); Hill, Scott D. (Toney, AL); Johnson, Gregory L. (Decatur, AL); Wlodarski, J. Frank (Huntsville, AL); von Spakovsky, Alexis P. (Huntsville, AL); Emerson, John D. (Arab, AL); Cole, James M. (Huntsville, AL); Tipton, John P. (Huntsville, AL)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Radiation Shielding and Radiological Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.......................................... .. Dose Conversion Factors for Geometric Phantoms ............................ .. Dose Coefficients ....................................................................... Conversion of Fluence to Dose ............................................... . Local Dosimetric Quantities ....................................................... .. Energy Imparted and Absorbed Dose ............................................ .. Kerma

Shultis, J. Kenneth

10

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines. 3 figs.

Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

1987-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

11

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Stone, Roger R. (Walnut Creek, CA); Fabyan, Joseph (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

13

Early test facilities and analytic methods for radiation shielding: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents a compilation of eight papers presented at the 1992 American Nuclear Society/European Nuclear Society International Meeting. The meeting is of special significance since it commemorates the fiftieth anniversary of the first controlled nuclear chain reaction. The papers contained in this report were presented in a special session organized by the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division in keeping with the historical theme of the meeting. The paper titles are good indicators of their content and are: (1) The origin of radiation shielding research: The Oak Ridge experience, (2) Shielding research at the hanford site, (3) Aircraft shielding experiments at General Dynamics Fort Worth, 1950-1962, (4) Where have the neutrons gone , a history of the tower shielding facility, (5) History and evolution of buildup factors, (6) Early shielding research at Bettis atomic power laboratory, (7) UK reactor shielding: then and now, (8) A very personal view of the development of radiation shielding theory.

Ingersoll, D.T. (comp.) (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Ingersoll, J.K. (comp.) (Tec-Com, Knoxville, TN (United States))

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Graphene shield enhanced photocathodes and methods for making the same  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disclosed are graphene shield enhanced photocathodes, such as high QE photocathodes. In certain embodiments, a monolayer graphene shield membrane ruggedizes a high quantum efficiency photoemission electron source by protecting a photosensitive film of the photocathode, extending operational lifetime and simplifying its integration in practical electron sources. In certain embodiments of the disclosed graphene shield enhanced photocathodes, the graphene serves as a transparent shield that does not inhibit photon or electron transmission but isolates the photosensitive film of the photocathode from reactive gas species, preventing contamination and yielding longer lifetime.

Moody, Nathan Andrew

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

15

CSR SHIELDING EXPERIMENT  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of CSR shielding is described in many papers * But experimentally... Hmmm not much RF Gun 2 x 3m S-band Linac Chicane HES CTR IR Spectrometer Experimental Layout Photocathode...

16

Shielded cells transfer automation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear waste from shielded cells is removed, packaged, and transferred manually in many nuclear facilities. Radiation exposure is absorbed by operators during these operations and limited only through procedural controls. Technological advances in automation using robotics have allowed a production waste removal operation to be automated to reduce radiation exposure. The robotic system bags waste containers out of glove box and transfers them to a shielded container. Operators control the system outside the system work area via television cameras. 9 figures.

Fisher, J J

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Radiation protection standards: their evolution from science to philosophy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......require a new shielding evaluation (plan review), and they will certainly require...2001). Radiation protection standards: their evolution from science...control Radiation Monitoring standards Radiation Protection standards......

R. L. Dixon; Joel E. Gray; B. R. Archer; D. J. Simpkin

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

Longwall shield design: is bigger better?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This article evaluates the bigger is better design philosophy for longwall shields. The conventional support design approach based on simplistic models of supporting the full dead weight detached rock masses is replaced by a ground reaction design approach. Here, the goal is to match the support characteristics to the ground response, and not to try and overpower the ground forces with some massive support capability. The ground reaction concept embodies both the force and displacement controlled loading aspects, and therefore provides a more accurate representation of the support loading requirements. 7 figs.

Barczak, T.M.; Tadolini, S.C. [NIOSH-PRL, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

19

Diffusive shielding stabilizes bulk nanobubble clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using molecular dynamics, we study the nucleation and stability of bulk nanobubble clusters. We study the formation, growth, and final size of bulk nanobubbles. We find that, as long as the bubble-bubble interspacing is small enough, bulk nanobubbles are stable against dissolution. Simple diffusion calculations provide an excellent match with the simulation results, giving insight into the reason for the stability: nanobubbles in a cluster of bulk nanobubbles "protect" each other from diffusion by a shielding effect.

Weijs, Joost H; Lohse, D

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Composition for radiation shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A composition for use as a radiation shield. The shield has a depleted urum core for absorbing gamma rays and a bismuth coating for preventing chemical corrosion and absorbing gamma rays. Alternatively, a sheet of gadolinium may be positioned between the uranium core and the bismuth coating for absorbing neutrons. The composition is preferably in the form of a container for storing materials that emit radiation such as gamma rays and neutrons. The container is preferably formed by casting bismuth around a pre-formed uranium container having a gadolinium sheeting, and allowing the bismuth to cool. The resulting container is a structurally sound, corrosion-resistant, radiation-absorbing container.

Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Massive Hopfions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Skyrme-Faddeev model is a (3+1)-dimensional model which has knotted, string-like, soliton solutions. In this paper we investigate a Skyrme-Faddeev model with an SO(3) symmetry breaking potential. We then rescale this model and take the mass to infinity. This infinite mass model is found to have compact knotted solutions. In all of the investigated massive models we find similar charged solutions as in the usual, m=0, model. We also find that their energies follow a similar power growth as the m=0 model.

David Foster

2010-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

22

Composition for radiation shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A composition for use as a radiation shield is disclosed. The shield has a depleted uranium core for absorbing gamma rays and a bismuth coating for preventing chemical corrosion and absorbing gamma rays. Alternatively, a sheet of gadolinium may be positioned between the uranium core and the bismuth coating for absorbing neutrons. The composition is preferably in the form of a container for storing materials that emit radiation such as gamma rays and neutrons. The container is preferably formed by casting bismuth around a pre-formed uranium container having a gadolinium sheeting, and allowing the bismuth to cool. The resulting container is a structurally sound, corrosion-resistant, radiation-absorbing container. 2 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

23

Gas shielding apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus for preventing oxidation by uniformly distributing inert shielding gas over the weld area of workpieces such as pipes being welded together. The apparatus comprises a chamber and a gas introduction element. The chamber has an annular top wall, an annular bottom wall, an inner side wall and an outer side wall connecting the top and bottom walls. One side wall is a screen and the other has a portion defining an orifice. The gas introduction element has a portion which encloses the orifice and can be one or more pipes. The gas introduction element is in fluid communication with the chamber and introduces inert shielding gas into the chamber. The inert gas leaves the chamber through the screen side wall and is dispersed evenly over the weld area.

Brandt, D.

1984-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

24

DARHT : integration of shielding design and analysis with facility design /  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design of the interior portions of the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test (DARHT) Facility incorporated shielding and controls from the beginning of the installation of the Accelerators. The purpose of the design and analysis was to demonstrate the adequacy of shielding or to determine the need for additional shielding or controls. Two classes of events were considered: (1) routine operation defined as the annual production of 10,000 2000-ns pulses of electrons at a nominal energy of 20 MeV, some of which are converted to the x-ray imaging beam consisting of four nominal 60-ns pulses over the 2000-ns time frame, and (2) accident case defined as up to 100 2000-ns pulses of electrons accidentally impinging on some metallic surface, thereby producing x rays. Several locations for both classes of events were considered inside and outside of the accelerator hall buildings. The analysis method consisted of the definition of a source term for each case studied and the definition of a model of the shielding and equipment present between the source and the dose areas. A minimal model of the fixed existing or proposed shielding and equipment structures was used for a first approximation. If the resulting dose from the first approximation was below the design goal (1 rem/yr for routine operations, 5 rem for accident cases), then no further investigations were performed. If the result of the first approximation was above our design goals, the model was refined to include existing or proposed shielding and equipment. In some cases existing shielding and equipment were adequate to meet our goals and in some cases additional shielding was added or administrative controls were imposed to protect the workers. It is expected that the radiation shielding design, exclusion area designations, and access control features, will result in low doses to personnel at the DARHT Facility.

Boudrie, R. L. (Richard L.); Brown, T. H. (Thomas H.); Gilmore, W. E. (Walter E.); Downing, J. N. (James N.), Jr.; Hack, Alan; McClure, D. A. (Donald A.); Nelson, C. A. (Christine A.); Wadlinger, E. Alan; Zumbro, M. V. (Martha V.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

IComposite Structures -ManufacturingAdvanced Radiation Shielding Materials and Structures Technical Abstract  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and instruments and survivability require effective radiation protection. There is also the desire to reduce several compositions that provide optimum radiation shielding. We plan to address specific NASA missionSBIR SBIR 54 55 IComposite Structures - ManufacturingAdvanced Radiation Shielding Materials

26

Actively driven thermal radiation shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal radiation shield for cooled portable gamma-ray spectrometers. The thermal radiation shield is located intermediate the vacuum enclosure and detector enclosure, is actively driven, and is useful in reducing the heat load to mechanical cooler and additionally extends the lifetime of the mechanical cooler. The thermal shield is electrically-powered and is particularly useful for portable solid-state gamma-ray detectors or spectrometers that dramatically reduces the cooling power requirements. For example, the operating shield at 260K (40K below room temperature) will decrease the thermal radiation load to the detector by 50%, which makes possible portable battery operation for a mechanically cooled Ge spectrometer.

Madden, Norman W. (Livermore, CA); Cork, Christopher P. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Becker, John A. (Alameda, CA); Knapp, David A. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

shields-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 The Whole Sky Imager - A Year of Progress J. E. Shields and M. E. Karr Marine Physical Laboratory Scripps Institution of Oceanography University of California, San Diego San Diego, California T. P. Tooman Sandia National Laboratories Livermore, California D. H. Sowle and S. T. Moore Mission Research Corporation Santa Barbara, California Abstract Much progress has been made this last year in realizing the potential of the whole sky imager (WSI). Two imagers are deployed [at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site and the Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean (SHEBA)], two are being prepared for deployment in the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP), and more are in production. Data products now include daytime thick cloud fraction and calibrated radiance. Night cloud fraction and daytime thin cloud

28

Shield Volcano | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Shield Volcano Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Shield Volcano Dictionary.png Shield Volcano: A dome shaped volcano with gently sloping sides and a broad base characteristic of relatively low viscosity, basaltic lava eruptions. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Topographic Features List of topographic features commonly encountered in geothermal resource areas: Mountainous Horst and Graben Shield Volcano Flat Lava Dome Stratovolcano Cinder Cone Caldera Depression Resurgent Dome Complex Schematic representation of the internal structure of a typical shield

29

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more telescoping cylindrical rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration, such as by click locks.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler,; Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A (Livermore, CA)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

30

Portable convertible blast effects shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rapidly deployable portable convertible blast effects shield/ballistic shield includes a set two or more frusto-conically-tapered telescoping rings operably connected to each other to convert between a telescopically-collapsed configuration for storage and transport, and a telescopically-extended upright configuration forming an expanded inner volume. In a first embodiment, the upright configuration provides blast effects shielding, such as against blast pressures, shrapnel, and/or fire balls. And in a second embodiment, the upright configuration provides ballistic shielding, such as against incoming weapons fire, shrapnel, etc. Each ring has a high-strength material construction, such as a composite fiber and matrix material, capable of substantially inhibiting blast effects and impinging projectiles from passing through the shield. And the set of rings are releasably securable to each other in the telescopically-extended upright configuration by the friction fit of adjacent pairs of frusto-conically-tapered rings to each other.

Pastrnak, John W. (Livermore, CA); Hollaway, Rocky (Modesto, CA); Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA); Deteresa, Steve (Livermore, CA); Grundler, Walter (Hayward, CA); Hagler, Lisle B. (Berkeley, CA); Kokko, Edwin (Dublin, CA); Switzer, Vernon A. (Livermore, CA)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

Welding shield for coupling heaters  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems for coupling end portions of two elongated heater portions and methods of using such systems to treat a subsurface formation are described herein. A system may include a holding system configured to hold end portions of the two elongated heater portions so that the end portions are abutted together or located near each other; a shield for enclosing the end portions, and one or more inert gas inlets configured to provide at least one inert gas to flush the system with inert gas during welding of the end portions. The shield may be configured to inhibit oxidation during welding that joins the end portions together. The shield may include a hinged door that, when closed, is configured to at least partially isolate the interior of the shield from the atmosphere. The hinged door, when open, is configured to allow access to the interior of the shield.

Menotti, James Louis (Dickinson, TX)

2010-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

32

Thermal neutron shield and method of manufacture  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thermal neutron shield comprising boron shielding panels with a high percentage of the element Boron. The panel is least 46% Boron by weight which maximizes the effectiveness of the shielding against thermal neutrons. The accompanying method discloses the manufacture of boron shielding panels which includes enriching the pre-cursor mixture with varying grit sizes of Boron Carbide.

Metzger, Bert Clayton; Brindza, Paul Daniel

2014-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

33

Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding ATLAS SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding 1 ATLAS SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note November 22 mostly connects existing mechanical electrical conductive #12; Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding 2 that equivalent. The barrel outer heat shield (150 aluminum) main element shield. #12; Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding

California at Santa Cruz, University of

34

Liquid Vortex Shielding for Fusion Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Swirling liquid vortices can be used in fusion chambers to protect their first walls and critical elements from the harmful conditions resulting from fusion reactions. The beam tube structures in heavy ion fusion (HIF) must be shielded from high energy particles, such as neutrons, x-rays and vaporized coolant, that will cause damage. Here an annular wall jet, or vortex tube, is proposed for shielding and is generated by injecting liquid tangent to the inner surface of the tube both azimuthally and axially. Its effectiveness is closely related to the vortex tube flow properties. 3-D particle image velocimetry (PIV) is being conducted to precisely characterize its turbulent structure. The concept of annular vortex flow can be extended to a larger scale to serve as a liquid blanket for other inertial fusion and even magnetic fusion systems. For this purpose a periodic arrangement of injection and suction holes around the chamber circumference are used, generating the layer. Because it is important to match the index of refraction of the fluid with the tube material for optical measurement like PIV, a low viscosity mineral oil was identified and used that can also be employed to do scaled experiments of molten salts at high temperature.

Bardet, Philippe M. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Supiot, Boris F. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Peterson, Per F. [University of California, Berkeley (United States); Savas, Oemer [University of California, Berkeley (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Radiation Shielding Materials and Containers Incorporating Same  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An improved radiation shielding material and storage systems for radioactive materials incorporating the same. The PYRolytic Uranium Compound (''PYRUC'') shielding material is preferably formed by heat and/or pressure treatment of a precursor material comprising microspheres of a uranium compound, such as uranium dioxide or uranium carbide, and a suitable binder. The PYRUC shielding material provides improved radiation shielding, thermal characteristic, cost and ease of use in comparison with other shielding materials. The shielding material can be used to form containment systems, container vessels, shielding structures, and containment storage areas, all of which can be used to house radioactive waste. The preferred shielding system is in the form of a container for storage, transportation, and disposal of radioactive waste. In addition, improved methods for preparing uranium dioxide and uranium carbide microspheres for use in the radiation shielding materials are also provided.

Mirsky, Steven M.; Krill, Stephen J.; and Murray, Alexander P.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Shielding vacuum fluctuations with graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Casimir-Polder interaction of ground-state and excited atoms with graphene is investigated with the aim to establish whether graphene systems can be used as a shield for vacuum fluctuations of an underlying substrate. We calculate the zero-temperature Casimir-Polder potential from the reflection coefficients of graphene within the framework of the Dirac model. For both doped and undoped graphene we show limits at which graphene could be used effectively as a shield. Additional results are given for AB-stacked bilayer graphene.

Sofia Ribeiro; Stefan Scheel

2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

37

Lessons from shielding retrofits at the LAMPF/LANSCE/PSR accelerator, beam lines and target facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The experience in the past 7 years to improve the shielding and radiation control systems at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) and the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) provides important lessons for the design of radiation control systems at future, high beam power proton accelerator facilities. Major issues confronted and insight gained in developing shielding criteria and in the use of radiation interlocks are discussed. For accelerators and beam lines requiring hands-on-maintenance, our experience suggests that shielding criteria based on accident scenarios will be more demanding than criteria based on routinely encountered beam losses. Specification and analysis of the appropriate design basis accident become all important. Mitigation by active protection systems of the consequences of potential, but severe, prompt radiation accidents has been advocated as an alternate choice to shielding retrofits for risk management at both facilities. Acceptance of active protection systems has proven elusive primarily because of the difficulty in providing convincing proof that failure of active systems (to mitigate the accident) is incredible. Results from extensive shielding assessment studies are presented including data from experimental beam spill tests, comparisons with model estimates, and evidence bearing on the limitations of line-of-sight attenuation models in complex geometries. The scope and significant characteristics of major shielding retrofit projects at the LAMPF site are illustrated by the project to improve the shielding beneath a road over a multiuse, high-intensity beam line (Line D).

Macek, R.J.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Shielding and grounding in large detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Prevention of electromagnetic interference (EMI), or ``noise pickup,`` is an important design aspect in large detectors in accelerator environments. Shielding effectiveness as a function of shield thickness and conductivity vs the type and frequency of the interference field is described. Noise induced in transmission lines by ground loop driven currents in the shield is evaluated and the importance of low shield resistance is emphasized. Some measures for prevention of ground loops and isolation of detector-readout systems are discussed.

Radeka, V.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Biological Diversity of the Guiana Shield: Georeferencing Plants of the Guiana Shield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Suriname, maximum elevation 500 m] #12;Georeferencing Plants of the Guiana Shield Google Earth allows

Mathis, Wayne N.

40

DUCRETE Shielding: A Cost Effective Alternative Radiation Shield  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary Submitted to Spectrum 2000, Sept 24-28, 2000, Chattanooga, TN Summary Submitted to Spectrum 2000, Sept 24-28, 2000, Chattanooga, TN DUCRETE: A Cost Effective Radiation Shielding Material W. J. Quapp, Starmet CMI W. H. Miller, University of Missouri-Columbia James Taylor, Starmet CMI Colin Hundley, Starmet CMI Nancy Levoy, Starmet Corporation 1. INTRODUCTION A consequence of uranium enrichment in the US has been the accumulation of nearly 740,000 metric tons of depleted uranium hexafluoride (UF 6 ) tails. 1 While this material was once considered a feed stock for the United States Breeder Reactor Program, it is no longer needed. Alternative uses of depleted uranium are few. Some have been used for medical isotope transport casks, some for industrial radioactive source shields, some for military anti-tank

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Modified shielding jet model for twin-jet shielding analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the slowing of the jet flow due to turbulent mixing and entrainment of particles from the surrounding medium. The empirical formulations and velocity profiles derived for the respective regions of the jet consider this increase in entrained fluid... velocity profiles are integrated over their respective cross sections of the shielding jet to determine the total volumetric flowrate at the specified locations. A slug flow velocity approximation is then determined for each of the desired downstream...

Gilbride, Jennifer Frances

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

42

Light shield for solar concentrators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A solar receiver unit including a housing defining a recess, a cell assembly received in the recess, the cell assembly including a solar cell, and a light shield received in the recess and including a body and at least two tabs, the body defining a window therein, the tabs extending outward from the body and being engaged with the recess, wherein the window is aligned with the solar cell.

Plesniak, Adam P.; Martins, Guy L.

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

43

SEU43 fuel bundle shielding analysis during spent fuel transport  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The basic task accomplished by the shielding calculations in a nuclear safety analysis consist in radiation doses calculation, in order to prevent any risks both for personnel protection and impact on the environment during the spent fuel manipulation, transport and storage. The paper investigates the effects induced by fuel bundle geometry modifications on the CANDU SEU spent fuel shielding analysis during transport. For this study, different CANDU-SEU43 fuel bundle projects, developed in INR Pitesti, have been considered. The spent fuel characteristics will be obtained by means of ORIGEN-S code. In order to estimate the corresponding radiation doses for different measuring points the Monte Carlo MORSE-SGC code will be used. Both codes are included in ORNL's SCALE 5 programs package. A comparison between the considered SEU43 fuel bundle projects will be also provided, with CANDU standard fuel bundle taken as reference. (authors)

Margeanu, C. A.; Ilie, P.; Olteanu, G. [Inst. for Nuclear Research Pitesti, No. 1 Campului Street, Mioveni 115400, Arges County (Romania)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Nuclear analysis and shielding optimisation in support of the ITER In-Vessel Viewing System design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The In-Vessel Viewing System (IVVS) units proposed for ITER are deployed to perform in-vessel examination. During plasma operations, the IVVS is located beyond the vacuum vessel, with shielding blocks envisaged to protect components from neutron damage and reduce shutdown dose rate (SDR) levels. Analyses were conducted to determine the effectiveness of several shielding configurations. The neutron response of the system was assessed using global variance reduction techniques and a surface source, and shutdown dose rate calculations were undertaken using MCR2S. Unshielded, the absorbed dose to piezoelectric motors (PZT) was found to be below stable limits, however activation of the primary closure plate (PCP) was prohibitively high. A scenario with shielding blocks at probe level showed significantly reduced PCP contact dose rate, however still marginally exceeded port cell requirements. The addition of shielding blocks at the bioshield plug demonstrated PCP contact dose rates below project requirements. SDR l...

Turner, A; Loughlin, M J; Ghani, Z; Hurst, G; Bue, A Lo; Mangham, S; Puiu, A; Zheng, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Shielding effectiveness against electromagnetic interference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of metal-filled and metal-coated plastics and other modified dielectric materials to replace metals for enclosures has created a need to test these materials for their electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE). Shielding effectiveness involves a variety of electromagnetic environments, and useful data can be obtained from tests that carefully limit the environment to that of a plane wave. Such an environment can be created in a circular or rectangular transmission line. Two such transmission line test fixtures, which hold samples of the material to be tested, have been developed. The fixtures described in this report are the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) coaxial transverse electromagnetic (TEM) cell, and a dual TEM cell constructed at ORNL from a design suggested by the NBS. The NBS coaxial fixture is an improved version of the device recommended by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). The problems associated with measuring SE are well described in the literature. The two methods described here are the result of years of work to establish procedures and instrumentation that will produce acceptable data.

Googe, J.M.; Hess, R.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Decontaminating lead bricks and shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lead used for shielding is often surface contaminated with radioisotopes and is therefore a RCRA D008 mixed waste. The technology-based standard for treatment is macroencapsulation. However, decontaminating and recycling the clean lead is a more attractive solution. Los Alamos National Laboratory decontaminates material and equipment contaminated with radioisotopes. Decontaminating lead poses special problems because of the RCRA hazard classification and the size of the inventory, now about 50 tons and likely to grow substantially of planned decommissioning operations. Thus lead, in the form of bricks and other shield shapes, is surface contaminated with fission products. One of the best methods for contaminated lead is removing the superficial layer of contamination with an abrasive medium under pressure. For lead, a mixture of alumina with water and air at about 40 psig rapidly and effectively decontaminates the lead. The abrasive medium is sprayed onto the lead in a scaled-off area. The slurry of abrasive and particles of lead falls through a floor and is collected in a sump. A pump sends the slurry mixture back to the spray gun, creating a continuous process. The process generates small volumes of lead slurry that can be solidified and, because it passes the TCLP, is not a mixed waste. The decontaminated lead can be released for recycling.

Lussiez, G.

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Decontaminating lead bricks and shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lead used for shielding is often surface contaminated with radioisotopes and is therefore a RCRA D008 mixed waste. The technology-based standard for treatment is macroencapsulation. However, decontaminating and recycling the clean lead is a more attractive solution. Los Alamos National Laboratory decontaminates material and equipment contaminated with radioisotopes. Decontaminating lead poses special problems because of the RCRA hazard classification and the size of the inventory, now about 50 tons and likely to grow substantially because of planned decommissioning operations. This lead, in the form of bricks and other shield shapes, is surface contaminated with fission products. One of the best methods for decontaminating lead is removing the thin superficial layer of contamination with an abrasive medium trader pressure. For lead, a mixture of alumina with water and air at about 40 psig rapidly and effectively decontaminates the lead. The abrasive medium is sprayed onto the lead in a sealed-off area. The slurry of abrasive and particles of lead falls through a floor grating and is collected in a sump. A pump sends the slurry mixture back to the spray gun, creating a continuous process. The process generates small volumes of contaminated lead slurry that can be solidified and, because it passes the TCLP, is not a mixed waste. The decontaminated lead can be released for recycling.

Lussiez, G.W.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Decontaminating lead bricks and shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lead used for shielding is often surface contaminated with radioisotopes and is therefore a RCRA D008 mixed waste. The technology-based standard for treatment is macroencapsulation. However, decontaminating and recycling the clean lead is a more attractive solution. Los Alamos National Laboratory decontaminates material and equipment contaminated with radioisotopes. Decontaminating lead poses special problems because of the RCRA hazard classification and the size of the inventory, now about 50 tons and likely to grow substantially because of planned decommissioning operations. This lead, in the form of bricks and other shield shapes, is surface contaminated with fission products. One of the best methods for decontaminating lead is removing the thin superficial layer of contamination with an abrasive medium trader pressure. For lead, a mixture of alumina with water and air at about 40 psig rapidly and effectively decontaminates the lead. The abrasive medium is sprayed onto the lead in a sealed-off area. The slurry of abrasive and particles of lead falls through a floor grating and is collected in a sump. A pump sends the slurry mixture back to the spray gun, creating a continuous process. The process generates small volumes of contaminated lead slurry that can be solidified and, because it passes the TCLP, is not a mixed waste. The decontaminated lead can be released for recycling.

Lussiez, G.W.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Relative radiant heat absorption characteristics of two types of mirror shields and a polished aluminum shield  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1973 Major Subject: Industrial Hygiene RELATIVE RADIANT HEAT ABSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF TWO TYPES OF MIRROR SHIELDS AND A POLISHED ALUMINUM SHIELD A Thesis by STEVEN DOUGLAS HERRON Approved...

Herron, Steven Douglas

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

50

Resummation of Massive Gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We construct four-dimensional covariant nonlinear theories of massive gravity which are ghost-free in the decoupling limit to all orders. These theories resume explicitly all the nonlinear terms of an effective field theory of massive gravity. We show that away from the decoupling limit the Hamiltonian constraint is maintained at least up to and including quartic order in nonlinearities, hence excluding the possibility of the Boulware-Deser ghost up to this order. We also show that the same remains true to all orders in a similar toy model.

Rham, Claudia de [Department de Physique Theorique, Universite de Geneve, 24 Quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneve (Switzerland); Gabadadze, Gregory [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, New York 10003 (United States); Tolley, Andrew J. [Department of Physics, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States)

2011-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

51

SHLDUTIL: A Code for Useful Shielding Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SHLDUTIL: A Code for Useful Shielding Data by J. Kenneth Shultis and Richard E. Faw (jks 66506 SHLDUTIL is a collection of modules that yield much useful data for use in shielding analyses program. Much of the data and the details of how calculations are done can be found in one or the other

Shultis, J. Kenneth

52

Seismic Crystals And Earthquake Shield Application  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We theoretically demonstrate that earthquake shield made of seismic crystal can damp down surface waves, which are the most destructive type for constructions. In the paper, seismic crystal is introduced in aspect of band gaps (Stop band) and some design concepts for earthquake and tsunami shielding were discussed in theoretical manner. We observed in our FDTD based 2D elastic wave simulations that proposed earthquake shield could provide about 0.5 reductions in magnitude of surface wave on the Richter scale. This reduction rate in magnitude can considerably reduce destructions in the case of earthquake.

B. Baykant Alagoz; Serkan Alagoz

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

53

Massive Star Outflows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Molecular outflows in the form of wide-angle winds and/or well-collimated jets are associated with young stellar objects of all luminosities. Independent studies have established that the mass outflow rate is proportional to L_bol^0.6 for L_bol = 0.3 to 10^5 L_sun, suggesting that there is a strong link between accretion and outflow for a wide range of source luminosity and there is reasonable evidence that accretion-related processes are responsible for generating massive molecular flows from protostars up to spectral type B0. Beyond L_bol ~ 10^4 L_sun, O stars generate powerful wide-angle, ionized winds that can dramatically affect outflow morphology and even call into question the relationship between outflow and accretion. Recently Beuther & Shepherd (2005) proposed an evolutionary scenario in which massive protostellar flows (up to early B spectral type) begin collimated. Once the star reaches the Main Sequence, ionizing radiation may affect the balance between magnetic and plasma pressure, inducing changes in the flow morphology and energetics. Here I review the properties of outflows from young OB stars, discuss implications and observational tests of this proposed evolutionary scenario, and examine differences between low-mass and massive star formation.

D. S. Shepherd

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer-matrix composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding material with shielding effectiveness 124 dB, low surface impedance interference shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding is receiv- ing increasing

Chung, Deborah D.L.

55

Protection 1 Protection 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection 1 Protection 1 Butler W. Lampson Xerox Corporation Palo Alto, California Abstract is a malicious act or accident that crashes the system--- this might be considered the ultimate degradation. 1, p 437. It was reprinted in ACM Operating Systems Rev. 8, 1 (Jan. 1974), p 18. This version

Lampson, Butler W.

56

Protection 1 Protection1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protection 1 Protection1 Butler W. Lampson Xerox Corporation Palo Alto, California Abstract is a malicious act or accident that crashes the system-- this might be considered the ultimate degradation. 1, p 437. It was reprinted in ACM Operating Systems Rev. 8, 1 (Jan. 1974), p 18. This version

Lampson, Butler W.

57

Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Duncan - Atomic Shield Duncan - Atomic Shield Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield Hewlett, Richard G. and Francis Duncan. Atomic Shield, 1947-1952. U.S. Atomic Energy Comission, 1972. The second volume of the three volume A History of the United States Atomic Energy Commission. Text in each PDF is fully searchable. "Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield (complete).pdf" contains the complete text and images from Atomic Shield. 12mb "Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield (figures only).pdf" contains hi-res (600dpi) scans of the images from Atomic Shield. 30mb Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield (complete).pdf Hewlett and Duncan - Atomic Shield (figures only).pdf More Documents & Publications A History of the Atomic Energy Commission Hewlett and Duncan, Nuclear Navy, 1946-1962

58

Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note 1 ATLAS SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atlas SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note 1 ATLAS SCT/Pixel Grounding and Shielding Note for SCT. This proposal mostly connects existing mechanical and electrical conductive #12;Atlas SCT. The barrel outer heat shield (150 µm aluminum) is the main element of the shield. #12;Atlas SCT

California at Santa Cruz, University of

59

Advancements in FBR shielding - Ten years in Japan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Research and development in the area of fast breeder reactor (FBR) shielding in Japan was fully under way in April 1987 when criticality of the JOYO experimental FBR was first attained. The main activities performed and results obtained during more than 10 yr of FBR shielding research are presented. The paper describes shielding research in Joyo; Monju shielding design and related research; research activities for future FBRs; and evaluation of Monju shielding designs.

Ohtani, Nobuo; Suzuki, Soju

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Protecting Spreadsheets Against Fraud  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Previous research on spreadsheet risks has predominantly focussed on errors inadvertently introduced by spreadsheet writers i.e. it focussed on the end-user aspects of spreadsheet development. When analyzing a faulty spreadsheet, one might not be able to determine whether a particular error (fault) has been made by mistake or with fraudulent intentions. However, the fences protecting against fraudulent errors have to be different from those shielding against inadvertent mistakes. Faults resulting from errors committed inadvertently can be prevented ab initio by tools that notify the spreadsheet writer about potential problems whereas faults that are introduced on purpose have to be discovered by auditors without the cooperation of their originators. Even worse, some spreadsheet writers will do their best to conceal fraudulent parts of their spreadsheets from auditors. In this paper we survey the available means for fraud protection by contrasting approaches suitable for spreadsheets with those known from frau...

Mittermeir, Roland T; Hodnigg, Karin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Massive June Bug Emergence  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Massive June Bug Emergence Massive June Bug Emergence Name: Cordell Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are infested with june bugs next to the street light near the end of my driveway. They have burrowed into the ground and underneath my driveway. Yesterday we shoveled 2/3 of a 33-gallon trash bag of just bugs. What can we spray or do to kill these june bugs? Replies: Not knowing which part of the country you are from and I could be wrong because of this fact buy this does not sound like June Bugs. This has to be a Circadia outbreak which are relatives to the June Bug. They run in 13, 17 or other year cycles and this depends upon the part of the country you are from. Ask a local garden center or naturalist and you'll probably see that this won't happen again for a number of years to come.

62

Massive neutrinos and cosmology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The present experimental results on neutrino flavour oscillations provide evidence for non-zero neutrino masses, but give no hint on their absolute mass scale, which is the target of beta decay and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. Crucial complementary information on neutrino masses can be obtained from the analysis of data on cosmological observables, such as the anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background or the distribution of large-scale structure. In this review we describe in detail how free-streaming massive neutrinos affect the evolution of cosmological perturbations. We summarize the current bounds on the sum of neutrino masses that can be derived from various combinations of cosmological data, including the most recent analysis by the WMAP team. We also discuss how future cosmological experiments are expected to be sensitive to neutrino masses well into the sub-eV range.

Julien Lesgourgues; Sergio Pastor

2006-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

63

Characterising Vainshtein Solutions in Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study static, spherically symmetric solutions in a recently proposed ghost-free model of non-linear massive gravity. We focus on a branch of solutions where the helicity-0 mode can be strongly coupled within certain radial regions, giving rise to the Vainshtein effect. We truncate the analysis to scales below the gravitational Compton wavelength, and consider the weak field limit for the gravitational potentials, while keeping all non-linearities of the helicity-0 mode. We determine analytically the number and properties of local solutions which exist asymptotically on large scales, and of local (inner) solutions which exist on small scales. We find two kinds of asymptotic solutions, one of which is asymptotically flat, while the other one is not, and also two types of inner solutions, one of which displays the Vainshtein mechanism, while the other exhibits a self-shielding behaviour of the gravitational field. We analyse in detail in which cases the solutions match in an intermediate region. The asymptotically flat solutions connect only to inner configurations displaying the Vainshtein mechanism, while the non asymptotically flat solutions can connect with both kinds of inner solutions. We show furthermore that there are some regions in the parameter space where global solutions do not exist, and characterise precisely in which regions of the phase space the Vainshtein mechanism takes place.

Fulvio Sbisa'; Gustavo Niz; Kazuya Koyama; Gianmassimo Tasinato

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

64

Thermophysical Properties of Heat Resistant Shielding Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project was aimed at determining thermal conductivity, specific heat and thermal expansion of a heat resistant shielding material for neutron absorption applications. These data are critical in predicting the structural integrity of the shielding under thermal cycling and mechanical load. The measurements of thermal conductivity and specific heat were conducted in air at five different temperatures (-31 F, 73.4 F, 140 F, 212 F and 302 F). The transient plane source (TPS) method was used in the tests. Thermal expansion tests were conducted using push rod dilatometry over the continuous range from -40 F (-40 C) to 302 F (150 C).

Porter, W.D.

2004-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

65

A robust and well shielded thermal conductivity device for low temperature measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a compact mechanically robust thermal conductivity measurement apparatus for measurements at low temperatures (<1 K) and high magnetic fields on small high-purity single crystal samples. A high-conductivity copper box is used to enclose the sample and all the components. The box provides protection for the thermometers, heater, and most importantly the sample increasing the portability of the mount. In addition to physical protection, the copper box is also effective at shielding radio frequency electromagnetic interference and thermal radiation, which is essential for low temperature measurements. A printed circuit board in conjunction with a braided ribbon cable is used to organize the delicate wiring and provide mechanical robustness.

Toews, W. H.; Hill, R. W. [GWPI and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)] [GWPI and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 (Canada)

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

66

Use of Superconducting Magnet Technology for Astronaut Radiation Protection PI: Jeffery Hoffman, MIT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of Superconducting Magnet Technology for Astronaut Radiation Protection PI: Jeffery Hoffman of radiation from cosmic rays. The proposed superconducting magnetic radiation shielding system could a conceptual systems design. In Phase II, we plan to extend the shielding studies to a detailed comparison

Shepherd, Simon

67

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print Wednesday, 25 March 2009 00:00 One way...

68

Summary of Prometheus Radiation Shielding Nuclear Design Analysis  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report transmits a summary of radiation shielding nuclear design studies performed to support the Prometheus project. Together, the enclosures and references associated with this document describe NRPCT (KAPL & Bettis) shielding nuclear design analyses done for the project.

J. Stephens

2006-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

69

February, 2010 Fire Analysis of the Shielded Container  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

significant radiation (mostly gamma radiation) can be packaged within the lead shielded containers and the surface dose rate is reduced to levels for safe handling as a CH container. The shielded container, appropriate damage ratios and release estimate factors are derived for postulated fires involving the shielded

70

Massive sulphides and plate tectonics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... presence of a suitable depositional site, which is commonly on the sea floor7'12.This geothermal model seems to account for the salient features of massive sulphides.

M. SOLOMON

1974-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

71

Thermoforming plastic in lead shield construction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radiation treatments using low energy X-rays or electrons frequently require a final field defining shield to be placed on the patient's skin. A custom made lead cut-out is used to provide a close fit to a particular patient's surface contours. We have developed a procedure which utilizes POLYFORM thermoplastic to obtain a negative mold of the patient instead of the traditional plaster bandage or dental impression gel. The Polyform is softened in warm water, molded carefully over the patient's surface, and is removed when set or hardened, usually within five minutes. Then lead sheet cut-outs can be formed within this negative. For shielding cut-outs requiring thicker lead sheet, a positive is made from dental stone using this Polyform negative. We have found this procedure to be neat, fast and comfortable for both patient and the dosimetrist.

Abrahams, M.E.; Chow, C.H.; Loyd, M.D. (Univ. of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Mini-chamber, an advanced protection concept for NIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) target debris and ablated near-target materials pose the primary threat to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) final optics debris shields, as well as a major challenge in future inertial fusion energy (IFE) power plants. This work discusses a NIF `mini-chamber,` designed to mitigate the debris threat. Although the NIF base-line design protects against debris using a frost-protected target positioner and refractory first-wall coatings, the mini-chamber provides important flexibility in three areas: debris-shield protection from beyond-design basis shots (i.e. heavy hohlraums, special diagnostics, shields); fielding of large experiments with significant surface ablation; and studying key ablation and gas-dynamics issues for liquid-wall IFE power plants. Key mini-chamber modeling results are presented, followed by discussion of equipment requirements for fielding a NIF mini-chamber. 7 refs., 3 figs.

Peterson, P.F.; Scott, J.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

73

Shielding analyses: the rabbit vs the turtle?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper compares solutions using Monte Carlo and discrete- ordinates methods applied to two actual shielding situations in order to make some general observations concerning the efficiency and advantages/disadvantages of the two approaches. The discrete- ordinates solutions are performed using two-dimensional geometries, while the Monte Carlo approaches utilize three-dimensional geometries with both multigroup and point cross-section data.

Broadhead, B.L.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

74

Physical basis of radiation protection in space travel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The health risks of space radiation are arguably the most serious challenge to space exploration, possibly preventing these missions due to safety concerns or increasing their costs to amounts beyond what would be acceptable. Radiation in space is substantially different from Earth: high-energy (E) and charge (Z) particles (HZE) provide the main contribution to the equivalent dose in deep space, whereas ? rays and low-energy ? particles are major contributors on Earth. This difference causes a high uncertainty on the estimated radiation health risk (including cancer and noncancer effects), and makes protection extremely difficult. In fact, shielding is very difficult in space: the very high energy of the cosmic rays and the severe mass constraints in spaceflight represent a serious hindrance to effective shielding. Here the physical basis of space radiation protection is described, including the most recent achievements in space radiation transport codes and shielding approaches. Although deterministic and Monte Carlo transport codes can now describe well the interaction of cosmic rays with matter, more accurate double-differential nuclear cross sections are needed to improve the codes. Energy deposition in biological molecules and related effects should also be developed to achieve accurate risk models for long-term exploratory missions. Passive shielding can be effective for solar particle events; however, it is limited for galactic cosmic rays (GCR). Active shielding would have to overcome challenging technical hurdles to protect against GCR. Thus, improved risk assessment and genetic and biomedical approaches are a more likely solution to GCR radiation protection issues.

Marco Durante and Francis A. Cucinotta

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

75

GRAVITATIONAL FIELD SHIELDING AND SUPERNOVA EXPLOSIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new mechanism for supernova explosions called gravitational field shielding is proposed, in accord with a five-dimensional fully covariant Kaluza-Klein theory with a scalar field that unifies the four-dimensional Einsteinian general relativity and Maxwellian electromagnetic theory. It is shown that a dense compact collapsing core of a star will suddenly turn off or completely shield its gravitational field when the core collapses to a critical density, which is inversely proportional to the square of mass of the core. As the core suddenly turns off its gravity, the extremely large pressure immediately stops the core collapse and pushes the mantle material of supernova moving outward. The work done by the pressure in the expansion can be the order of energy released in a supernova explosion. The gravity will resume and stop the core from a further expansion when the core density becomes less than the critical density. Therefore, the gravitational field shielding leads a supernova to impulsively explode and form a compact object such as a neutron star as a remnant. It works such that a compressed spring will shoot the oscillator out when the compressed force is suddenly removed.

Zhang, T. X. [Physics Department, Alabama A and M University, Normal, AL 35762 (United States)

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

76

warhead protection  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1%2A en Office of Nuclear Warhead Protection http:nnsa.energy.govaboutusourprogramsnonproliferationprogramofficesinternationalmaterialprotectionandcooperation-0

77

Massive photons and Lorentz violation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

All quadratic translation- and gauge-invariant photon operators for Lorentz breakdown are included into the Stueckelberg Lagrangian for massive photons in a generalized \\xi-gauge. The corresponding dispersion relation and tree-level propagator are determined exactly, and some leading-order results are derived. The question of how to include such Lorentz-violating effects into a perturbative quantum-field expansion is addressed. Applications of these results within Lorentz-breaking quantum field theories include the regularization of infrared divergences as well as the free propagation of massive vector bosons.

Mauro Cambiaso; Ralf Lehnert; Robertus Potting

2012-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

78

Early shielding research at Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reminiscences of shielding research at Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory (BAPL) always have in the background the reason for its existence - the design of efficient and safe reactors. Shielding is essential for personnel safety. However, the only computational tools available in the early 1950s were slide rules and desk calculators. Under these conditions, any shield desing calculation accurate within a factor of 2 was a good one, and the phrases close enough for shielding purposes' and including a factor for conservation' became a permanent part of the shielding vocabulary. This early work instilled a respect for hand calculations and the requirements that nay result, no matter how calculated, must meet the test of being reasonable and in line with previous experience. Even today, with sophisticated shielding programs available on the latest computers, calculated results must pass the same test.

Shure, K.; Wallace, O.J. (Westinghouse Electric Corp., West Mifflin, PA (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Shielded serpentine traveling wave tube deflection structure  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A shielded serpentine slow wave deflection structure (10) having a serpene signal conductor (12) within a channel groove (46). The channel groove (46) is formed by a serpentine channel (20) in a trough plate (18) and a ground plane (14). The serpentine signal conductor (12) is supported at its ends by coaxial feed through connectors 28. A beam interaction trough (22) intersects the channel groove (46) to form a plurality of beam interaction regions (56) wherein an electron beam (54) may be deflected relative to the serpentine signal conductor (12).

Hudson, Charles L. (Santa Barbara, CA); Spector, Jerome (Berkeley, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

X-ray transmissive debris shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An X-ray debris shield for use in X-ray lithography that is comprised of an X-ray window having a layer of low density foam exhibits increased longevity without a substantial increase in exposure time. The low density foam layer serves to absorb the debris emitted from the X-ray source and attenuate the shock to the window so as to reduce the chance of breakage. Because the foam is low density, the X-rays are hardly attenuated by the foam and thus the exposure time is not substantially increased.

Spielman, R.B.

1996-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

X-ray transmissive debris shield  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An X-ray debris shield for use in X-ray lithography that is comprised of an X-ray window having a layer of low density foam exhibits increased longevity without a substantial increase in exposure time. The low density foam layer serves to absorb the debris emitted from the X-ray source and attenuate the shock to the window so as to reduce the chance of breakage. Because the foam is low density, the X-rays are hardly attenuated by the foam and thus the exposure time is not substantially increased.

Spielman, Rick B. (Albuquerque, NM)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Shielding of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Composites Ning (SWNT)-polymer composites have been fabricated to evaluate the electromagnetic interference (EMI

Gao, Hongjun

83

MicroShield/ISOCS gamma modeling comparison.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantitative radiological analysis attempts to determine the quantity of activity or concentration of specific radionuclide(s) in a sample. Based upon the certified standards that are used to calibrate gamma spectral detectors, geometric similarities between sample shape and the calibration standards determine if the analysis results developed are qualitative or quantitative. A sample analyzed that does not mimic a calibrated sample geometry must be reported as a non-standard geometry and thus the results are considered qualitative and not quantitative. MicroShieldR or ISOCSR calibration software can be used to model non-standard geometric sample shapes in an effort to obtain a quantitative analytical result. MicroShieldR and Canberra's ISOCSR software contain several geometry templates that can provide accurate quantitative modeling for a variety of sample configurations. Included in the software are computational algorithms that are used to develop and calculate energy efficiency values for the modeled sample geometry which can then be used with conventional analysis methodology to calculate the result. The response of the analytical method and the sensitivity of the mechanical and electronic equipment to the radionuclide of interest must be calibrated, or standardized, using a calibrated radiological source that contains a known and certified amount of activity.

Sansone, Kenneth R

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

SHIELDING ANALYSIS FOR PORTABLE GAUGING COMBINATION SOURCES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Radioisotopic decay has been used as a source of photons and neutrons for industrial gauging operations since the late 1950s. Early portable moisture/density gauging equipment used Americium (Am)-241/Beryllium (Be)/Cesium (Cs)-137 combination sources to supply the required nuclear energy for gauging. Combination sources typically contained 0.040 Ci of Am-241 and 0.010 Ci of CS-137 in the same source capsule. Most of these sources were manufactured approximately 30 years ago. Collection, transportation, and storage of these sources once removed from their original device represent a shielding problem with distinct gamma and neutron components. The Off-Site Source Recovery (OSR) Project is planning to use a multi-function drum (MFD) for the collection, shipping, and storage of AmBe sources, as well as the eventual waste package for disposal. The MFD is an approved TRU waste container design for DOE TRU waste known as the 12 inch Pipe Component Overpack. As the name indicates, this drum is based on a 12 inch ID stainless steel weldment approximately 25 inch in internal length. The existing drum design allows for addition of shielding within the pipe component up to the 110 kg maximum pay load weight. The 12 inch pipe component is packaged inside a 55-gallon drum, with the balance of the interior space filled with fiberboard dunnage. This packaging geometry is similar to the design of a DOT 6M, Type B shipping container.

J. TOMPKINS; L. LEONARD; ET AL

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

System for imaging plutonium through heavy shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A single pinhole can be used to image strong self-luminescent gamma-ray sources such as plutonium on gamma scintillation (Anger) cameras. However, if the source is weak or heavily shielded, a poor signal to noise ratio can prevent acquisition of the image. An imaging system designed and built at Los Alamos National Laboratory uses a coded aperture to image heavily shielded sources. The paper summarizes the mathematical techniques, based on the Fast Delta Hadamard transform, used to decode raw images. Practical design considerations such as the phase of the uniformly redundant aperture and the encoded image sampling are discussed. The imaging system consists of a custom designed m-sequence coded aperture, a Picker International Corporation gamma scintillation camera, a LeCroy 3500 data acquisition system, and custom imaging software. The paper considers two sources - 1.5 mCi /sup 57/Co unshielded at a distance of 27 m and 220 g of bulk plutonium (11.8% /sup 240/Pu) with 0.3 cm lead, 2.5 cm steel, and 10 cm of dense plastic material at a distance of 77.5 cm. Results show that the location and geometry of a source hidden in a large sealed package can be determined without having to open the package. 6 references, 4 figures.

Kuckertz, T.H.; Cannon, T.M.; Fenimore, E.E.; Moss, C.E.; Nixon, K.V.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Telomere Protection and Maintenance in Arabidopsis thaliana  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with telomeres. Loss of any component of the CST induces catastrophic telomere loss, disrupted telomere end architecture, and massive chromosome end-to-end fusions. Thus, CST plays an essential role in chromosome end protection. I also show that CST function...

Song, Xiangyu

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

87

Massivizing Online Games: Distributed Computing Challenges and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massivizing Online Social Games Scheduling in IaaS Clouds Gamification in Higher Education May 9 May 27 June 5

Iosup, Alexandru

88

X-ray Emission from Massive Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray Emission from Massive Stars David Cohen Department of Physics and Astronomy Swarthmore be related to the production of X-rays on massive stars. If so, massive stars' X-rays are much different than those found our own Sun and other cooler stars like the Sun that produce X-rays via magnetic activity

Cohen, David

89

Simulations of Magnetic Shields for Spacecraft Simon G. Shepherd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulations of Magnetic Shields for Spacecraft Simon G. Shepherd Thayer School of Engineering Brian Need GV potentials!! Brehmsstrahlung radiation is potentially lethal #12;Magnetostatic Shields F=qvÃ?B et al. 1997 a = 10 km KE = ?? eV Cst = 5 m I = "transistor radio battery" Note also that: B ~ I : B

Shepherd, Simon

90

Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Shielding Integral Benchmark Archive and Database (SINBAD) collection of benchmarks was initiated in the early 1990 s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development s Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD is a major attempt to compile experiments and corresponding computational models with the goal of preserving institutional knowledge and expertise that need to be handed down to future scientists. SINBAD is also a learning tool for university students and scientists who need to design experiments or gain expertise in modeling and simulation. The SINBAD database is currently divided into three categories fission, fusion, and accelerator benchmarks. Where possible, each experiment is described and analyzed using deterministic or probabilistic (Monte Carlo) radiation transport software.

Kirk, Bernadette Lugue [ORNL; Grove, Robert E [ORNL; Kodeli, I. [International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Sartori, Enrico [ORNL; Gulliford, J. [OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Shielding integral benchmark archive and database (SINBAD)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The shielding integral benchmark archive and database (SINBAD) collection of experiments descriptions was initiated in the early 1990s. SINBAD is an international collaboration between the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank (OECD/NEADB) and the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). SINBAD was designed to compile experiments and corresponding computational models with the goal of preserving institutional knowledge and expertise that need to be handed down to future scientists. SINBAD can serve as a learning tool for university students and scientists who need to design experiments or gain expertise in modeling and simulation. The SINBAD database is currently divided into three categories - fission, fusion, and accelerator experiments. Many experiments are described and analyzed using deterministic or stochastic (Monte Carlo) radiation transport software. The nuclear cross sections also play an important role as they are necessary in performing computational analysis. (authors)

Kirk, B.L.; Grove, R.E. [Radiation Safety Information Computational Center RSICC, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6171 (United States); Kodeli, I. [Josef Stefan Inst., Jamova 39, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Gulliford, J.; Sartori, E. [OECD NEA Data Bank, Bd des Iles, 92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux (France)

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Fan-fold shielded electrical leads  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Disclosed are fan-folded electrical leads made from copper cladded Kapton, for example, with the copper cladding on one side serving as a ground plane and the copper cladding on the other side being etched to form the leads. The Kapton is fan folded with the leads located at the bottom of the fan-folds. Electrical connections are made by partially opening the folds of the fan and soldering, for example, the connections directly to the ground plane and/or the lead. The fan folded arrangement produces a number of advantages, such as electrically shielding the leads from the environment, is totally non-magnetic, and has a very low thermal conductivity, while being easy to fabricate. 3 figs.

Rohatgi, R.R.; Cowan, T.E.

1996-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

93

Recovery Act Workers Clear Reactor Shields from Brookhaven Lab | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workers Clear Reactor Shields from Brookhaven Lab Workers Clear Reactor Shields from Brookhaven Lab Recovery Act Workers Clear Reactor Shields from Brookhaven Lab American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers are in the final stage of decommissioning a nuclear reactor after they recently removed thick steel shields once used to absorb neutrons produced for research. The Brookhaven National Laboratory is using $39 million from the Recovery Act to decommission the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor, the world's first reactor built solely for peaceful research purposes. Recovery Act Workers Clear Reactor Shields from Brookhaven Lab More Documents & Publications Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor Workshop 2011 ARRA Newsletters Idaho Crews Overcome Challenges to Safely Dispose 1-Million-Pound Hot Cell

94

Analytic flux formulas and tables of shielding functions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Hand calculations of radiation flux and dose rates are often useful in evaluating radiation shielding and in determining the scope of a problem. The flux formulas appropriate to such calculations are almost always based on the point kernel and allow for at most the consideration of laminar slab shields. These formulas often require access to tables of values of integral functions for effective use. Flux formulas and function tables appropriate to calculations involving homogeneous source regions with the shapes of lines, disks, slabs, truncated cones, cylinders, and spheres are presented. Slab shields may be included in most of these calculations, and the effect of a cylindrical shield surrounding a cylindrical source may be estimated. Detector points may be located axially, laterally, or interior to a cylindrical source. Line sources may be tilted with respect to a slab shield. All function tables are given for a wide range of arguments.

Wallace, O.J.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Massive Stars and their Supernovae  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive stars and their supernovae are prominent sources of radioactive isotopes, the observations of which thus can help to improve our astrophysical models of those. Our understanding of stellar evolution and the final explosive endpoints such as supernovae or hypernovae or gamma-ray bursts relies on the combination of magneto-hydrodynamics, energy generation due to nuclear reactions accompanying composition changes, radiation transport, and thermodynamic properties (such as the equation of state of stellar matter). Nuclear energy production includes all nuclear reactions triggered during stellar evolution and explosive end stages, also among unstable isotopes produced on the way. Radiation transport covers atomic physics (e.g. opacities) for photon transport, but also nuclear physics and neutrino nucleon/nucleus interactions in late phases and core collapse. Here we want to focus on the astrophysical aspects, i.e. a description of the evolution of massive stars and their endpoints, with a special emphasis ...

Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl; Liebendörfer, Matthias; Diehl, Roland; 10.1007/978-3-642-12698-7_4

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Fire Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Standard was developed to provide acceptable methods and approaches for meeting DOE fire protection program and design requirements and to address special or unique fire protection issues at DOE facilities that are not comprehensively or adequately addressed in national consensus standards or other design criteria.

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

97

Cattail Protection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Cattail Protection Cattail Protection Name: Julie Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is a piece of land protected by cattails protected? (Meaning you can not touch, cover up or build on.) Replies: Hi Julie, It's quite possible that a piece of land with cattails is protected as a wetland. There are some federal (and probably state) statutes on wetland protection, in general you have to file environmental impact statements and such. I've heard of cases where some large projects were allowed to encroach on wetlands when the builders signed contracts requiring they construct a wetland of equivalent size on another parcel of land. Donald Yee Ph.D. I assume you are referring to wetlands protections. Cattails are wetland plants, and there are regulations governing - but not necessarily preventing - the development of wetlands, but cattails are also aggressive and somewhat weedy, so I doubt the presence of cattails alone would be sufficient to call an area a wetland. This is a technical question which all too often lands in legal dispute. Check with the Corps of Engineers, the EPA, and other experts in wetlands delineation and regulation.

98

RELATIVE ATTENUATION CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME SHIELDING MATERIALS FOR PuB NEUTRONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1: Polyethylene Water Spodumene-gypsum Gypsum, wet and dryconstituents of the spodumene-gypsum, and gypsum shields.SPODUMENK·,GYPSUM SHIELD 30% Spodumene by weight 40% Gypsum

Bringham, P.S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Polyethylene as a Radiation Shielding Standard in Simulated Cosmic-Ray Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on the ISS through polyethylene shielding augmentation ofnucleon Iron-56 in Polyethylene. II. , Comparisons betweenPolyethylene as a Radiation Shielding Standard in Simulated

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

E-Print Network 3.0 - analytical shielding calculations Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Use of Magnetic and Electrically Conductive Fillers in a Polymer Matrix for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Summary: for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding JUNHUA WU1,2...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes requirements for management and operation of the DOE Protective Force (PF), establishes requirements for firearms operations and defines the firearms courses of fire. Cancels: DOE M 473.2-1A DOE M 473.2-2

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

102

Physical Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B.

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Physical Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Copies of Section B, Safeguards and Security Alarm Management System, which contains Unclassified Controlled Nuclear Information, and Appendix 1, Security Badge Specifications, which contains Official Use Only information, are only available, by request, from the program manager, Protection Program Operations, 301-903-6209. Chg 1, dated 3/7/06. Cancels: DOE M 473.1-1 and DOE M 471.2-1B

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

104

Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The manual establishes requirements for management and operation of the DOE Protective Force, establishes requirements for firearms operations and defines the firearms courses of fire. Chg 1 dated 3/7/06. DOE M 470.4-3A cancels DOE M 470.4-3, Chg 1, Protective Force, dated 3-7-06, Attachment 2, Contractor Requirement Document (CRD) only (except for Section C). Chg 1, dated 3-7-06, cancels DOE M 470.4-3

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

105

Shielding design for the proposed Advanced Photon Source at Argonne  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bulk shielding was designed for the proposed Argonne Advanced Photon Source. The shielding is for two linacs, the positron converter, booster synchrotron, and the storage ring. Shielding design limits exposure to 20 mrem/wk for occupational and 25 mrem/y for an individual member of the public from the radiation products, which include high energy neutrons (HEN), giant resonance neutrons (GRN), and Bremsstrahlung radiation (BR). The beam loss parameters at various components were estimated. Dose rates were computed for continuous loss during beam decay using an empirical method. Normal operational losses and certain accidental beam losses were also considered.

Moe, H.J.; Veluri, V.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Electric field shielding in dielectric nanosolutions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To gain some insight into electrochemical activity of dielectric colloids of technical and biomedical interest we investigate a model of dielectric nanosolution whose micro-constitution is dominated by dipolarions -- positively and negatively charged spherically symmetric nano-structures composed of ionic charge surrounded by cloud of radially polarized dipoles of electrically neutral molecules of solvent. Combing the standard constitutive equations of an isotropic dielectric liquid with Maxwell equation of electrostatics and presuming the Boltzmann shape of the particle density of bound-charge we derive equation for the in-medium electrostatic field. Particular attention is given to numerical analysis of obtained analytic solutions of this equation describing the exterior fields of dipolarions with dipolar atmospheres of solvent molecules endowed with either permanent or field-induced dipole moments radially polarized by central symmetric field of counterions. The presented computations show that the electric field shielding of dipolarions in dielectric nanosolutions is quite different from that of counterionic nano-complexes of Debye-H\\"uckel theory of electrolytes.

Sergey Bastrukov; Pik-Yin Lai; Irina Molodtsova

2014-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

107

Recovery Act Workers Clear Reactor Shields from Brookhaven Lab  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

UPTON, N.Y. - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act UPTON, N.Y. - American Recovery and Reinvestment Act workers are in the final stage of decommissioning a nuclear reactor after they recently removed thick steel shields once used to absorb neutrons produced for research. The Brookhaven National Laboratory is using $39 million from the Recovery Act to decommission the Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor, the world's first reactor built solely for peaceful research purposes. The decommissioning is slated for completion later this year and will end Office of Environmental Management legacy cleanup activities at the Lab. The neutron shields were located on the north and south sides of a 700-ton graphite pile. The three-inch-thick shields absorbed neutrons that escaped from the graphite pile. The shields also limited movement of the pile when the reactor was in opera-

108

Neutron shielding and activation of the MASTU device and surrounds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A significant functional upgrade is planned for the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST) device, located at Culham in the UK, including the implementation of a notably greater neutral beam injection power. This upgrade will cause the emission of a substantially increased intensity of neutron radiation for a substantially increased amount of time upon operation of the device. Existing shielding and activation precautions are shown to prove insufficient in some regards, and recommendations for improvements are made, including the following areas: shielding doors to MAST shielded facility enclosure (known as "the blockhouse"); north access tunnel; blockhouse roof; west cabling duct. In addition, some specific neutronic dose rate questions are addressed and answered; those discussed here relate to shielding penetrations and dose rate reflected from the air above the device ("skyshine").

Taylor, David; Turner, Andrew; Davis, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Method for the construction of x-ray shielding masks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for the production of a rigid model of a patient's face onto which lead shielding sheets may be contoured. The model is cast in Lipowitz's metal using a plaster mold.

Canup, D.; Ekstrand, K.E.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A Magnetic Shielding Type Superconducting Fault-Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a Magnetic Shielding type Fault-Current Limiter (MSFCL), the characteristics of the magnetic ... ) is an important factor in limiting the current flow. In this study, to improve the efficiency of the fault current

N. Miyauchi; H. Nakane; S. Haseyama; S. Yoshizawa

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

A Massive Stellar Burst Before the Supernova  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

massive stars shed huge amounts of material in a "penultimate outburst" before final detonation as supernovae. A focused search for Type IIn SN precursor bursts, conducted by Eran...

112

Unsteady Turbomachinery Computations Using Massively Parallel Platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Unsteady Turbomachinery Computations Using Massively Parallel Platforms Edwin van der Weide with the inherently unsteady nature of turbomachinery flows, due to the motion of the rotors, this means

Alonso, Juan J.

113

Effectiveness of the thyroid shield in dental radiology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effectiveness of the thyroid shield in reducing patient exposure during routine dental radiographic examinations was studied. A nonscreen film and two film-screen combinations were used as dosimeters and to show the spatial distribution of x-ray exposure. The error in the absolute accuracy of the film dosimeter and the error in the reproducibility of the film-screen combinations were less than +/- 10%. Measurements of thyroid exposure and exposure distribution, with and without the shield, were made on a Rando phantom and on patients. In the phantom study, the reduction by the shield of exposure to the thyroid from primary beam and from scatter was found to be highly dependent on the position of the primary beam relative to the thyroid gland but independent of kVp. Exposure reduction by the shield varied from 5% to 56% for a complete-mouth survey, 2% to 18% for a bitewing survey, and 10% to 79% for a panoramic survey. In the patient study, thyroid skin exposures measured on adults were 33% to 84% lower in offices in which the shield was used as compared to offices in which it was not used. Thyroid skin exposures measured on children were 63% to 92% lower. In accordance with the ALARA principle, these results support the routine use of the thyroid shield for all dental radiography.

Sikorski, P.A.; Taylor, K.W.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Fire Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NOT MEASUREMENT NOT MEASUREMENT SENSITIVE DOE-STD-1066-2012 December 2012 _______________ Supersedes DOE-STD-1066-99 DOE STANDARD FIRE PROTECTION U.S. Department of Energy AREA FIRP Washington, DC 20585 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. This document is available on the Department of Energy Technical Standards Program Web page at http://www.hss.doe.gov/nuclearsafety/ns/techstds/ DOE-STD-1066-2012 FOREWORD This Department of Energy (DOE) Standard (STD) supersedes DOE-STD-1066-99 1 and is approved for use by DOE and its contractors. The following fire protection standard is canceled with the issuance of this Standard and appropriate technical content was incorporated into this Standard: ï‚· DOE-STD-1088-95, Fire Protection for Relocatable Structures

115

Massive Variability Surveys from Venezuela  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

At the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory we are carrying out variability surveys spanning many hundreds of square degrees near the celestial equator, using an 8k x 8k CCD Mosaic Camera optimized for drift-scanning on a 1m Schmidt telescope. Among the initial efforts was a project to obtain the first moderately deep, homogeneous sample of young stars over an area of ~180sqr.deg. encompassing the entire Orion OB1 association, one of the nearest and most active regions of star formation. The results show that variability is a powerful technique to identify pre-main sequence populations, specially in sparse areas devoid of gas and dust. We are currently developing a massive database, equipped with web-based data mining tools, that will make our data and results available to the astronomical community.

Cesar Briceno

2003-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

116

Stable massive particles at colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review the theoretical motivations and experimental status of searches for stable massive particles (SMPs) which could be sufficiently long-lived as to be directly detected at collider experiments. The discovery of such particles would address a number of important questions in modern physics including the origin and composition of dark matter in the universe and the unification of the fundamental forces. This review describes the techniques used in SMP-searches at collider experiments and the limits so far obtained on the production of SMPs which possess various colour, electric and magnetic charge quantum numbers. We also describe theoretical scenarios which predict SMPs, the phenomenology needed to model their production at colliders and interactions with matter. In addition, the interplay between collider searches and open questions in cosmology such as dark matter composition are addressed.

Fairbairn, M.; /Stockholm U.; Kraan, A.C.; /Pennsylvania U.; Milstead, D.A.; /Stockholm U.; Sjostrand, T.; /Lund U.; Skands, P.; /Fermilab; Sloan, T.; /Lancaster U.; ,

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Physical Protection  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the physical protection of interests under the U.S. Department of Energys (DOEs) purview ranging from facilities, buildings, Government property, and employees to national security interests such as classified information, special nuclear material (SNM), and nuclear weapons. Cancels Section A of DOE M 470.4-2 Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

118

X-ray Emission from Massive Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray Emission from Massive Stars David Cohen Department of Physics and Astronomy Swarthmore #12;What is the mechanism by which massive stars produce x-rays? New results from the Chandra X-ray Observatory ­ high-resolution x-ray spectroscopy: measuring Doppler broadening in emission lines Testing

Cohen, David

119

Topics in radiation at accelerators: Radiation physics for personnel and environmental protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the first chapter, terminology, physical and radiological quantities, and units of measurement used to describe the properties of accelerator radiation fields are reviewed. The general considerations of primary radiation fields pertinent to accelerators are discussed. The primary radiation fields produced by electron beams are described qualitatively and quantitatively. In the same manner the primary radiation fields produced by proton and ion beams are described. Subsequent chapters describe: shielding of electrons and photons at accelerators; shielding of proton and ion accelerators; low energy prompt radiation phenomena; induced radioactivity at accelerators; topics in radiation protection instrumentation at accelerators; and accelerator radiation protection program elements.

Cossairt, J.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Seismic Studies of a Massive Hydraulic Fracturing Experiment...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a Massive Hydraulic Fracturing Experiment Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: Seismic Studies of a Massive Hydraulic Fracturing...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Massive Hanford Test Reactor Removed - Plutonium Recycle Test...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Massive Hanford Test Reactor Removed - Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor removed from Hanford's 300 Area Massive Hanford Test Reactor Removed - Plutonium Recycle Test Reactor removed...

122

Binary Capture Rates for Massive Protostars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high multiplicity of massive stars in dense, young clusters is established early in their evolution. The mechanism behind this remains unresolved. Recent results suggest that massive protostars may capture companions through disk interactions with much higher efficiency than their solar mass counterparts. However, this conclusion is based on analytic determinations of capture rates and estimates of the robustness of the resulting binaries. We present the results of coupled n-body and SPH simulations of star-disk encounters to further test the idea that disk-captured binaries contribute to the observed multiplicity of massive stars.

Nickolas Moeckel; John Bally

2007-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

123

The Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) project: a fertile ground for radiation protection and shielding challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......pulse intensity(18). A heavy water-cooled beryllium and...outer plug, which is a heavy water-cooled steel reflector...experience at modern research reactors, neutron beam lines at...International Conference on Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation......

F. X. Gallmeier; P. D. Ferguson; I. I. Popova; E. B. Iverson

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

124

Massive Stellar Clusters in Interacting Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive clusters are now seen to form easily in interacting and merging galaxies, making these excellent environments for studying the properties of young clusters. New observations of the Antennae (NGC 4038/39) show that the most luminous young clusters do not have a measurable tidal radius. Most observations suggest that the luminosity function (LF) and mass functions of young clusters are single power laws. However, there are many uncertainties at the faint end of the LF. For example, contamination from massive stars may be important. The shape and evolution of the LF, and more fundamentally, the mass function, of massive clusters had implications for our understanding of both the formation and the destruction of massive stellar clusters.

B. W. Miller

1999-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

125

Casimir Pistons for Massive Scalar Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Casimir force on two-dimensional pistons for massive scalar fields with both Dirichlet and hybrid boundary conditions is computed. The physical result is obtained by making use of generalized $\\zeta$-function regularization technique. The influence of the mass and the position of the piston in the force is studied graphically. The Casimir force for massive scalar field is compared to that for massless scalar field.

Xiang-hua Zhai; Yan-yan Zhang; Xin-zhou Li

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Preliminary Failure Modes and Effects Analysis of the US Massive Gas Injection Disruption Mitigation System Design  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the results of a preliminary failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) of a candidate design for the ITER Disruption Mitigation System. This candidate is the Massive Gas Injection System that provides machine protection in a plasma disruption event. The FMEA was quantified with “generic” component failure rate data as well as some data calculated from operating facilities, and the failure events were ranked for their criticality to system operation.

Lee C. Cadwallader

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Fault current limiter with shield and adjacent cores  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In a fault current limiter (FCL) of a saturated core type having at least one coil wound around a high permeability material, a method of suppressing the time derivative of the fault current at the zero current point includes the following step: utilizing an electromagnetic screen or shield around the AC coil to suppress the time derivative current levels during zero current conditions.

Darmann, Francis Anthony; Moriconi, Franco; Hodge, Eoin Patrick

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

128

A Toroidal Magnetic Spacecraft Shield Simon G. Shepherd  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Toroidal Magnetic Spacecraft Shield Simon G. Shepherd Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 03755 John P. G. Shepherd Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin potential angle around spacecraft cross-section a radius of coil B magnetic flux density Bin vector

Shepherd, Simon

129

NASA TM-2012-217361 Evaluating Shielding Approaches to Reduce  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NASA TM-2012-217361 Evaluating Shielding Approaches to Reduce Space Radiation Cancer Risks Francis A. Cucinotta NASA Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center Houston, Texas Myung-Hee Y. Kim U.S.R.A., Division, Texas May 2012 #12;THE NASA STI PROGRAM OFFICE . . . IN PROFILE Since its founding, NASA has been

Rathbun, Julie A.

130

Spin-rotation and NMR shielding constants in HCl  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spin-rotation and nuclear magnetic shielding constants are analysed for both nuclei in the HCl molecule. Nonrelativistic ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T) level of approximation show that it is essential to include relativistic effects to obtain spin-rotation constants consistent with accurate experimental data. Our best estimates for the spin-rotation constants of {sup 1}H{sup 35}Cl are C{sub Cl}  = ?53.914 kHz and C{sub H}  = 42.672 kHz (for the lowest rovibrational level). For the chlorine shielding constant, the ab initio value computed including the relativistic corrections, ?(Cl) = 976.202 ppm, provides a new absolute shielding scale; for hydrogen we find ?(H) = 31.403 ppm (both at 300 K). Combining the theoretical results with our new gas-phase NMR experimental data allows us to improve the accuracy of the magnetic dipole moments of both chlorine isotopes. For the hydrogen shielding constant, including relativistic effects yields better agreement between experimental and computed values.

Jaszu?ski, Micha?, E-mail: michal.jaszunski@icho.edu.pl [Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-224 Warszawa, Kasprzaka 44 (Poland)] [Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-224 Warszawa, Kasprzaka 44 (Poland); Repisky, Michal; Demissie, Taye B.; Komorovsky, Stanislav; Malkin, Elena; Ruud, Kenneth [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Tromsø—The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø (Norway)] [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Tromsø—The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø (Norway); Garbacz, Piotr; Jackowski, Karol; Makulski, W?odzimierz [Laboratory of NMR Spectroscopy, Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)] [Laboratory of NMR Spectroscopy, Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

131

Prediction of effective atomic number (Z) for laminated shielding material  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, buildup factors were calculated for different mean free paths (mfp) for point isotropic sources emitting 0.5, 1, and 3 Mev photons. Some calculations were performed for double layered shields and some for three layers using spherical geometry. For two...

Sarder, Md. Maksudur Rahaman

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

132

A Note on Hamilton Cycles in Kneser Graphs Ian Shields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Note on Hamilton Cycles in Kneser Graphs Ian Shields IBM P.O. Box 12195 Research Triangle Park) have Hamilton cycles when n #20; 27. A similar result is shown for bipartite Kneser graphs. 1 for Hamilton cycles in Kneser graphs, K(n; k), and bipartite Kneser graphs, H(n; k). With the exception

Savage, Carla D.

133

Accelerator shield design of KIPT neutron source facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of the United States and Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT) of Ukraine have been collaborating on the design development of a neutron source facility at KIPT utilizing an electron-accelerator-driven subcritical assembly. Electron beam power is 100 kW, using 100 MeV electrons. The facility is designed to perform basic and applied nuclear research, produce medical isotopes, and train young nuclear specialists. The biological shield of the accelerator building is designed to reduce the biological dose to less than 0.5-mrem/hr during operation. The main source of the biological dose is the photons and the neutrons generated by interactions of leaked electrons from the electron gun and accelerator sections with the surrounding concrete and accelerator materials. The Monte Carlo code MCNPX serves as the calculation tool for the shield design, due to its capability to transport electrons, photons, and neutrons coupled problems. The direct photon dose can be tallied by MCNPX calculation, starting with the leaked electrons. However, it is difficult to accurately tally the neutron dose directly from the leaked electrons. The neutron yield per electron from the interactions with the surrounding components is less than 0.01 neutron per electron. This causes difficulties for Monte Carlo analyses and consumes tremendous computation time for tallying with acceptable statistics the neutron dose outside the shield boundary. To avoid these difficulties, the SOURCE and TALLYX user subroutines of MCNPX were developed for the study. The generated neutrons are banked, together with all related parameters, for a subsequent MCNPX calculation to obtain the neutron and secondary photon doses. The weight windows variance reduction technique is utilized for both neutron and photon dose calculations. Two shielding materials, i.e., heavy concrete and ordinary concrete, were considered for the shield design. The main goal is to maintain the total dose outside the shield boundary at less than 0.5-mrem/hr. The shield configuration and parameters of the accelerator building have been determined and are presented in this paper. (authors)

Zhong, Z.; Gohar, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Lemont, IL 60439 (United States)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Near field coupling to shielded cable due to switching operation in substation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is vital to study the electromagnetic coupling to shielded cable for improving electromagnetic antiinterference ability of secondary equipment in a substation. As a hybrid of method of moment ... shielded cabl...

Lei Qi; Xiang Cui

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 279285 Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of carbon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERGAMON Carbon 39 (2001) 279­285 Review Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness materials for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding are reviewed. They include composite materials-structural and structural composites, colloi- dal graphite, as well as EMI gasket materials. Electromagnetic interference

Chung, Deborah D.L.

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - aircraft shield test reactor Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

shield test reactor Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aircraft shield test reactor Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 A' Brief. History of...

137

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement Sihai Wen, D.D.L. Chung; Silica fume; Shielding 1. Introduction Electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding [1­4] is in critical, NY 14260-4400, USA Received 9 January 2002; accepted 14 August 2003 Abstract An electromagnetic

Chung, Deborah D.L.

138

Procedures for application of Don Cossairt's CASIM calculations in TM-1140 to bulk shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As part of the methodology documentation for the site-wide radiation shielding assessment, these two related notes were written showing how to apply the CASIM calculations of TM-1140 to determine required shielding for various beam intensities and steel-soil composites. These notes have been reviewed by the Fermilab ES H Section and approved for use in evaluating shielding requirements.

Garbincius, P.H.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

SED modeling of Young Massive Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this contribution, I review the applications and potential limitations of the spectral energy distribution fitting tool that I have developed, with a strong emphasis on the limits to which this tool can be used to improve our understanding of massive star formation. I discuss why our current grid of models cannot be used to distinguish between the several competing theories of massive star formation. I also discuss stellar mass determinations, artificial correlations between parameters in the grid of models, multiplicity, confusion, dust assumptions, and unique fits. I briefly review the improvements we intend to carry out for our next grid of models, which will eliminate many of these limitations. Finally, I show examples of applications of this tool to massive young stars.

Thomas P. Robitaille

2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

140

Growth histories in bimetric massive gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We perform cosmological perturbation theory in Hassan-Rosen bimetric gravity for general homogeneous and isotropic backgrounds. In the de Sitter approximation, we obtain decoupled sets of massless and massive scalar gravitational fluctuations. Matter perturbations then evolve like in Einstein gravity. We perturb the future de Sitter regime by the ratio of matter to dark energy, producing quasi-de Sitter space. In this more general setting the massive and massless fluctuations mix. We argue that in the quasi-de Sitter regime, the growth of structure in bimetric gravity differs from that of Einstein gravity.

Berg, Marcus; Buchberger, Igor [Department of Physics, Karlstad University, 651 88 Karlstad (Sweden); Enander, Jonas; Mörtsell, Edvard; Sjörs, Stefan, E-mail: marcus.berg@kau.se, E-mail: igor.buchberger@kau.se, E-mail: enander@fysik.su.se, E-mail: edvard@fysik.su.se, E-mail: stefans@fysik.su.se [Oskar Klein Center, Stockholm University, Albanova University Center, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Validation of nuclear models used in space radiation shielding applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A program of verification and validation has been undertaken to assess the applicability of models to space radiation shielding applications and to track progress as these models are developed over time. In this work, simple validation metrics applicable to testing both model accuracy and consistency with experimental data are developed. The developed metrics treat experimental measurement uncertainty as an interval and are therefore applicable to cases in which epistemic uncertainty dominates the experimental data. To demonstrate the applicability of the metrics, nuclear physics models used by NASA for space radiation shielding applications are compared to an experimental database consisting of over 3600 experimental cross sections. A cumulative uncertainty metric is applied to the question of overall model accuracy, while a metric based on the median uncertainty is used to analyze the models from the perspective of model development by examining subsets of the model parameter space.

Norman, Ryan B., E-mail: Ryan.B.Norman@nasa.gov [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States); Blattnig, Steve R. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States)] [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA 23681 (United States)

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

142

Secret key distillation from shielded two-qubit states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The quantum states corresponding to a secret key are characterized using the so-called private states, where the key part consisting of a secret key is shielded by the additional systems. Based on the construction, it was shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states. In this work, I consider the shielded two-qubit states in a key-distillation scenario and derive the conditions under which a secret key can be distilled using the recurrence protocol or the two-way classical distillation, advantage distillation together with one-way postprocessing. From the security conditions, it is shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states in a much wider range. In addition, I consider the case that in which white noise is added to quantum states and show that the classical distillation protocol still works despite a certain amount of noise although the recurrence protocol does not.

Joonwoo Bae

2008-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

143

Secret key distillation from shielded two-qubit states  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quantum states corresponding to a secret key are characterized using the so-called private states, where the key part consisting of a secret key is shielded by the additional systems. Based on the construction, it was shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states. In this work, I consider the shielded two-qubit states in a key-distillation scenario and derive the conditions under which a secret key can be distilled using the recurrence protocol or the two-way classical distillation, advantage distillation together with one-way postprocessing. From the security conditions, it is shown that a secret key can be distilled from bound entangled states in a much wider range. In addition, I consider the case that in which white noise is added to quantum states and show that the classical distillation protocol still works despite a certain amount of noise although the recurrence protocol does not.

Bae, Joonwoo [School of Computational Sciences, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

144

The effect of electrostatic shielding using invisibility cloak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of electrostatic shielding for a spherical invisibility cloak with arbitrary charges inside is investigated. Our result reveals that the charge inside the cloak is a crucial factor to determine the detection. When charged bodies are placed inside the cloak with an arbitrary distribution the electric fields outside are purely determined by the total charges just as the fields of a point charge at the center of the cloak. As the total charges reduce to zero the bodies can not be detected. On the other hand if the total charges are nonzero the electrostatic potential inside an ideal cloak tends to infinity. For unideal cloaks this embarrassment is overcome while they still have good behaviors of shielding. In addition the potential across the inner surface of an ideal cloak is discontinuous due to the infinite polarization of the dielectric however it can be alternatively interpreted as the dual Meissner effect of a dual superconductive layer with a surface magnetic current.

Ruo-Yang Zhang; Qing Zhao; Mo-Lin Ge

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

SATIF-2 shielding aspects of accelerators, targets and irradiation facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particle accelerators have evolved over the last 50 years from simple devices to powerful machines, and will continue to have an important impact on research, technology and lifestyle. Today they cover a wide range of applications, from television and computer displays in households to the investigation of the origin and structure of matter. It has become common practice to use them for material science and medical applications. In recent years, requirements from new technological and research applications have emerged, such as increased particle beams intensities, higher flexibility, etc., giving rise to new radiation shielding aspects and problems. These proceedings review recent progress in radiation shielding of accelerator facilities, and evaluate advancements with respect to international co-operation in this field.

NONE

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Proposal of DC shield reactor type superconducting fault current limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Saturated DC reactor type superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) had been proposed two years ago. It was classified to rectifier type SFCL. The changing inductance value with the operating mode has superior characteristics to reduce voltage sag during step increase of the load current. But it has the disadvantage of its weight. In this paper, rectifier type SFCL with shielded reactor has been proposed. The reactor which has superconducting ring or tube inside its winding is substituted to the DC link of the rectifier. The configuration looks like an air core transformer with secondary short winding. When the current through the bulk shield-ring reaches to a certain level, the flux penetrates to the shield body and finite impedance appears in the primary winding. In other words, when the surface flux density exceeds its critical flux density, the flux penetrates into the bulk superconductor, and increases equivalent inductance. The equivalent transient resistance of the shield was represented as a function of exponential of the time. Using this equivalent transient resistance, the transient impedance was expressed. The transient wave analysis using EMTDC (electro-magnetic transients in DC systems) has been described. Simulated waveforms are shown considering the source inductance, the leakage inductance, the coupling coefficient and the forward voltage drop of the semiconductor. And voltage sag was also investigated with 50% step load increase. Preliminary design was also performed. The coil size and number of turns are designed to obtain adequate inductance for the current limitation, and the central magnetic field of the coils are calculated. There is optimal aspect ratio to minimize the magnetic field with restriction in outer diameter of the coil.

Itsuya Muta; Tsutomu Hoshino; Khosru Mohammad Salim; Akio Kawasaki; Taketsune Nakamura; Masato Yamada

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Shielding design aspects of thermionic space nuclear reactors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has been well documented that nuclear power sources will be required for the future exploration of space. Higher power levels (>10 kW (electric)) will be enabling, if not absolutely necessary, for the continued expansion of a human presence in the solar system and beyond. Space missions that will directly benefit continued life on Earth, including the monitoring for climate change and global warming, high-capacity communication satellites, and large, space-based radar systems to monitor the flow of airline traffic, will require progressively larger amounts of electrical power. Military applications, even with the ending of the Cold War, will continue to be needed for treaty verification activities. A thermionic energy conversion-based nuclear reactor system is one of the many different technologies proposed for the utilization of nuclear energy in space. How the energy conversion is accomplished and the equipment requiring shielding have a profound effect on the overall shielding requirements for the system. There exist two configurations of this technology that can be exploited and will have a significant effect on shielding needs. The paper discusses in-core thermionic conversion and out-of-core conversion concepts.

Klein, A.C.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

ACCURATE TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS IN A NATURALLY-ASPIRATED RADIATION SHIELD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments and calculations were conducted with a 0.13 mm fine wire thermocouple within a naturally-aspirated Gill radiation shield to assess and improve the accuracy of air temperature measurements without the use of mechanical aspiration, wind speed or radiation measurements. It was found that this thermocouple measured the air temperature with root-mean-square errors of 0.35 K within the Gill shield without correction. A linear temperature correction was evaluated based on the difference between the interior plate and thermocouple temperatures. This correction was found to be relatively insensitive to shield design and yielded an error of 0.16 K for combined day and night observations. The correction was reliable in the daytime when the wind speed usually exceeds 1 m s{sup -1} but occasionally performed poorly at night during very light winds. Inspection of the standard deviation in the thermocouple wire temperature identified these periods but did not unambiguously locate the most serious events. However, estimates of sensor accuracy during these periods is complicated by the much larger sampling volume of the mechanically-aspirated sensor compared with the naturally-aspirated sensor and the presence of significant near surface temperature gradients. The root-mean-square errors therefore are upper limits to the aspiration error since they include intrinsic sensor differences and intermittent volume sampling differences.

Kurzeja, R.

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

149

Protecting Life on Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review: Protecting Life on Earth: An Introduction to thePeter B. Protecting Life on Earth: An Introduction to theof Protecting Life on Earth is “to explain to an intelligent

Anderson, Byron P.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

ORISE: Protecting Human Subjects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or performed by DOE employees, addresses the protection of human subjects. The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) supports DOE in its efforts to protect...

151

Office of Physical Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Office of Physical Protection is comprised of a team of security specialists engaged in providing Headquarters-wide physical protection.

152

New Candidate Massive Clusters from 2MASS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive stars are important for the evolution of the interstellar medium. The detailed study of their properties (such as mass loss, rotation, magnetic fields) is enormously facilitated by samples of these objects in young massive galactic star clusters. Using 2MASS we have searched for so far unknown candidates of red supergiant clusters along the Galactic Plane. Utilising deep high resolution UKIDSS GPS and VISTA VVV data to study colour-magnitude diagrams, we uncover six new massive cluster candidates in the inner Galaxy. If spectroscopically confirmed as real clusters, two of them could be part of the Scutum-Complex. One cluster candidate has a number of potential red supergiant members comparable to RSGC1 and 3. Our investigation of UKIDSS data reveals for the first time the main sequence of the massive cluster RSGC2. The stars of the sequence show an increased projected density at the same position as the known red supergiants in the cluster and have E(J-K)=1.6mag. This either indicates an unusual extin...

Froebrich, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

WAPDEG Analysis of Waste Package and Drip shield Degradation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As directed by ''Technical Work Plan for: Regulatory Integration Modeling and Analysis of the Waste Form and Waste Package'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 171583]), an analysis of the degradation of the engineered barrier system (EBS) drip shields and waste packages at the Yucca Mountain repository is developed. The purpose of this activity is to provide the TSPA with inputs and methodologies used to evaluate waste package and drip shield degradation as a function of exposure time under exposure conditions anticipated in the repository. This analysis provides information useful to satisfy ''Yucca Mountain Review Plan, Final Report'' (NRC 2003 [DIRS 163274]) requirements. Several features, events, and processes (FEPs) are also discussed (Section 6.2, Table 15). The previous revision of this report was prepared as a model report in accordance with AP-SIII.10Q, Models. Due to changes in the role of this report since the site recommendation, it no longer contains model development. This revision is prepared as a scientific analysis in accordance with AP-SIII.9Q, ''Scientific Analyses'' and uses models previously validated in (1) ''Stress Corrosion Cracking of the Drip Shield, the Waste Package Outer Barrier, and the Stainless Steel Structural Material'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169985]); (2) ''General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Waste Package Outer Barrier'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169984]); and (3) ''General Corrosion and Localized Corrosion of Drip Shield'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169845]). The integrated waste package degradation (IWPD) analysis presented in this report treats several implementation-related issues, such as defining the number and size of patches per waste package that undergo stress corrosion cracking; recasting the weld flaw analysis in a form as implemented in the Closure Weld Defects (CWD) software; and, general corrosion rate manipulations (e.g., change of scale in Section 6.3.4). The weld flaw portion of this report takes input from an engineering calculation (BSC 2004 [DIRS 170024]) and uses standard mathematical methods to enable easier implementation. The IWPD analysis also provides guidance on implementation of early failures (importance sampling and multinomial distribution usage). These manipulations are evident from standard scientific practices, approaches, or methods and do not require changes to the previously validated models. The IWPD analysis itself (Section 6.4), not the resultant curves from executing the IWPD analysis presented in Section 6.5 (which are for illustrative purposes), is used directly in total system performance assessment (TSPA). The IWPD analysis simulates general corrosion and stress corrosion cracking of the waste package outer barrier and general corrosion of the drip shield. The effects of igneous and seismic events and localized corrosion on drip shield and waste package performance are not evaluated in this report. The outputs of this report are inputs and methodologies used by TSPA to evaluate waste package and drip shield degradation as a function of exposure time under exposure conditions anticipated in the repository. The analyses presented in this report are for the current repository design (BSC 2004 [DIRS 168489]).

K. Mon

2004-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

154

Modeling problem solving in Massive Open Online Courses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) have presented a completely new style of learning and teaching that also brings us a massive amount of student behavioral data. Some of this data is exclusive to the MOOC environment. ...

Han, Fang, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

VALIDATION OF MASSIVELY PARALLEL SIMULATIONS OF DYNAMIC FRACTURE AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VALIDATION OF MASSIVELY PARALLEL SIMULATIONS OF DYNAMIC FRACTURE AND FRAGMENTATION OF BRITTLE element simulations of dynamic fracture and fragmentation of brittle solids are presented. Fracture the results of massively parallel numerical simulations of dynamic fracture and fragmentation in brittle

Barr, Al

156

Radiation safety and protection in US dental hygiene programs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A survey of radiation safety and protection measures used by programs teaching dental hygiene indicated some areas for concern. No barriers or radiation shieldings were used between operator and patient in four programs. Radiation monitoring devices were not worn by faculty operators in 16% of the programs. Fewer than half of the programs used thyroid shields for patients on a routine basis. Insufficient filtration for the kilovolt peak employed was used by 14% of the programs, and for 19% more the filtration was unknown or unspecified. Three programs used closed cones. Rectangular collimation was not used at all by 63% of the programs, and only 20% used E speed film routinely. Quality assurance for equipment maintenance and for film processing were in place at only 54% and 49% of the programs, respectively.

Farman, A.G.; Hunter, N.; Grammer, S.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Radiation shielding and dosimetry experiments updates in the SINBAD database  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......characterisation of the radiation source, it describes...National Laboratory, Radiation Safety Information Computational...Internet Nuclear Physics Radiation Protection instrumentation Radiometry Research Software Validation...

I. Kodeli; H. Hunter; E. Sartori

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

158

Dose estimates in a loss of lead shielding truck accident.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The radiological transportation risk & consequence program, RADTRAN, has recently added an updated loss of lead shielding (LOS) model to it most recent version, RADTRAN 6.0. The LOS model was used to determine dose estimates to first-responders during a spent nuclear fuel transportation accident. Results varied according to the following: type of accident scenario, percent of lead slump, distance to shipment, and time spent in the area. This document presents a method of creating dose estimates for first-responders using RADTRAN with potential accident scenarios. This may be of particular interest in the event of high speed accidents or fires involving cask punctures.

Dennis, Matthew L.; Osborn, Douglas M.; Weiner, Ruth F.; Heames, Terence John (Alion Science & Technology Albuquerque, NM)

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

A new radiation shielding block material for radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In recent years, lead has been recognized as a source of environmental pollution; this includes lead use for radiation shielding in radiotherapy. We looked for a new material that could be a lead substitute. We chose a material composed of tungsten and resin. We compared the attenuation coefficient of the material with those of lead and Lipowitz's metal, and found the material has a higher attenuation coefficient than the other two. The material may be used as a substitute for lead because it is easy to fabricate and friendly to the environment.

Tajiri, Minoru; Sunaoka, Masayoshi; Fukumura, Akifumi; Endo, Masahiro [Radiological Technology Office, National Institute of Radiological Sciences 4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Department of Medical Physics, National Institute of Radiological Sciences 4-9-1, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Massive Nonplanar Two-Loop Maximal Unitarity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore maximal unitarity for nonplanar two-loop integrals with up to four massive external legs. In this framework, the amplitude is reduced to a basis of master integrals whose coefficients are extracted from maximal cuts. The hepta-cut of the nonplanar double box defines a nodal algebraic curve associated with a multiply pinched genus-3 Riemann surface. All possible configurations of external masses are covered by two distinct topological pictures in which the curve decomposes into either six or eight Riemann spheres. The procedure relies on consistency equations based on vanishing of integrals of total derivatives and Levi-Civita contractions. Our analysis indicates that these constraints are governed by the global structure of the maximal cut. Lastly, we present an algorithm for computing generalized cuts of massive integrals with higher powers of propagators based on the Bezoutian matrix method.

Mads Sogaard; Yang Zhang

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

More on massive 3D gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explore the space of static solutions of the recently discovered three-dimensional “new massive gravity” (NMG), allowing for either sign of the Einstein-Hilbert term and a cosmological term parametrized by a dimensionless constant ?. For ?=-1 we find black hole solutions asymptotic (but not isometric) to the unique (anti) de Sitter [(A)dS] vacuum, including extremal black holes that interpolate between this vacuum and (A)dS2×S1. We also investigate unitarity of linearized NMG in (A)dS vacua. We find unitary theories for some dS vacua, but (bulk) unitarity in AdS implies negative central charge of the dual conformal field theories (CFT), except for ?=3 where the central charge vanishes and the bulk gravitons are replaced by “massive photons.” A similar phenomenon is found in the massless limit of NMG, for which the linearized equations become equivalent to Maxwell’s equations.

Eric A. Bergshoeff; Olaf Hohm; Paul K. Townsend

2009-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

162

Environment/Health/Safety (EHS): Radiation Protection Group  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Radiation Protection Group Radiation Protection Group Under the direction of Radiological Control Manager (RCM) David Kestell, the Radiation Protection Group (RPG) provides radiation safety-related technical assistance to the lab community to ensure that all work is performed safely, efficiently and in compliance with applicable regulations and guidelines. BELLA facility BELLA facility BELLA facility BELLA facility BELLA NDCX NDCX Gretina Gamma particle device PET Scanner APEX APEX APEX LASER LASER Rifle, CO Rifle, CO The group: Authorizes work with radioactive material and radiation-producing machines Manages the site inventory of radioactive and nuclear material Provides coverage for: Radiological operations Radiological engineering and shielding design Internal / external dosimetry services Radiation Safety and Transportation training

163

Submicron carbon filament cement-matrix composites for electromagnetic interference shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Carbon filaments of diameter 0.1 mm were found to be a much more effective additive than conventional carbon fibers of diameter 10 mm in providing cement pastes capable of electromagnetic interference shielding. With 0.54 vol. % filaments and a shield thickness of 4 mm, a shielding effectiveness of 30 dB was attained at 1--2 GHz. However, the filaments were less effective than the fibers for reinforcing and for providing strain sensing cement-matrix composites.

Fu, X.; Chung, D.D.L. [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Composite Materials Research Lab.] [State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Composite Materials Research Lab.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

New Six-Layer Magnetically-Shielded Room for MEG D. Cohen1,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Imedco, to house a 4-D MEG system, containing both gradiometers and magnetometers (Vectorview of the passive shielding factor yield 1,630 (64dB), 3,600 (71dB), 240,000 (107dB) , and 78,000,000 (158d of 0.010 to 0.10 Hz. The 78 dB was to combine 58 dB of passive shielding with 20 dB of active shielding

165

Sudden singularities survive massive quantum particle production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We solve the Klein-Gordon equation for a massive, nonminimally coupled scalar field, with a conformal coupling, undergoing cosmological evolution from a radiation-dominated phase to a future sudden singularity. We show that, after regularization, the energy of the created particles is zero and the backreaction from quantum effects does not change the evolution of the Universe near the future singularity and cannot prevent the finite-time sudden singularity.

John D. Barrow; Antônio B. Batista; Júlio C. Fabris; Mahouton J. S. Houndjo; Giuseppe Dito

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

166

EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF THE THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF A WATER SHIELD FOR A SURFACE POWER REACTOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Water based reactor shielding is being investigated for use on initial lunar surface power systems. A water shield may lower overall cost (as compared to development cost for other materials) and simplify operations in the setup and handling. The thermal hydraulic performance of the shield is of significant interest. The mechanism for transferring heat through the shield is natural convection. Natural convection in a 100 kWt lunar surface reactor shield design is evaluated with 2 kW power input to the water in the Water Shield Testbed (WST) at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center. The experimental data from the WST is used to validate a CFD model. Performance of the water shield on the lunar surface is then predicted with a CFD model anchored to test data. The experiment had a maximum water temperature of 75 C. The CFD model with 1/6-g predicts a maximum water temperature of 88 C with the same heat load and external boundary conditions. This difference in maximum temperature does not greatly affect the structural design of the shield, and demonstrates that it may be possible to use water for a lunar reactor shield.

REID, ROBERT S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; PEARSON, J. BOSIE [Los Alamos National Laboratory; STEWART, ERIC T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

167

Instrumented, Shielded Test Canister System for Evaluation of Spent Nuclear Fuel in Dry Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document describes the development of an instrumented, shielded test canister system to store and monitor aluminum-based spent nuclear duel under dry storage conditions.

Sindelar, R.L.

1999-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

168

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced shielding systems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Computer Engineering, University of Rochester Collection: Engineering 77 Electromagnetic interference shielding using continuous carbon-fiber carbon-matrix and polymer-matrix...

169

1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting wireless devices around the globe, there  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;1. Shielding against Electromagnetic Interference With telecommunication networks connecting electromagnetic interference (EMI) across the airwaves. These communication networks are ubiquitous and dynamic

Rincon-Mora, Gabriel A.

170

Power System Feedback from High-Tc Superconductor Shielded Core Fault Current Limiter  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The shielded core fault current limiter is attractive with high critical temperature superconductors. ... acts during normal operation as an ideally shorted current transformer; the secondary superconducting loop...

J. Gerhold

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Final analysis of the GCFR radial blanket and shield integral experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An integral experiment has been performed for verification of radiation transport methods and nuclear data used in the design of the radial shield for the proposed gas-cooled fast breeder reactor demonstration plant. The experiment was conducted at the ORNL Tower Shielding Facility and consisted of integral and spectral measurements of the neutron and gamma-ray flux transmitted through slabs of materials which modeled a GCFR-type radial blanket and radial shield. Both UO/sub 2/ and ThO/sub 2/ blankets were investigated as well as several shield designs comprising stainless steel, graphite, and boronated graphite.

Ingersoll, D.T.; Williams, L.R.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

PHITS simulations of the Protective curtain experiment onboard the Service module of ISS: Comparison with absorbed doses measured with \\{TLDs\\}  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract “Protective curtain” was the physical experiment onboard the International Space Station (ISS) aimed on radiation measurement of the dose – reducing effect of the additional shielding made of hygienic water-soaked wipes and towels placed on the wall in the crew cabin of the Service module Zvezda. The measurements were performed with 12 detector packages composed of thermoluminescent detectors (TLDs) and plastic nuclear track detectors (PNTDs) placed at the Protective curtain, so that they created pairs of shielded and unshielded detectors. We simulated the experiment by the general purpose 3D Monte Carlo Particle and Heavy Ion Transport code System (PHITS), as 10 cm-thick water-filled panels housed in a model of the Zvezda module. External radiation environment was modeled using the AP8MIN and ISO-15390 standard models for the trapped proton (TP) and galactic cosmic ray (GCR) spectra, respectively. The absorbed doses were calculated for all detector packages used in the experiment. Comparison of calculated results with experimental data (TLDs) showed good agreement for the total (TP+GCR) absorbed doses. Further, we analyzed the systematic uncertainty introduced by differences in the detector thicknesses used in the simulations from the ones used in the measurements. The reducing effect of the Protective curtain was studied by comparing the calculated absorbed doses in shielded and unshielded detectors separately for the \\{TPs\\} and GCRs. In case of TPs, the reducing effect was larger than 60% and 40% for pairs of detectors located at aluminum wall and at crew cabin window, respectively. In case of GCRs, small shielding effect was observed for detectors located behind the window but for those located behind the aluminum wall, the effect was even opposite: the absorbed doses in the unshielded detectors were about 10% lower than in the shielded ones. This result was confirmed by the depth-dose analysis using rectangular source emitting broad parallel incident particles impinging on the simple geometry composed of aluminum/glass box and water box of variable thickness simulating the spacecraft wall/window and Protective curtain, respectively. The additional dose in the shielded detectors is related to the secondary fragments known as the “wall effect”. However, since GCR contributes by about 30% and 15% only to the total dose in water in shielded and unshielded detectors, respectively, the total shielding effect is high and the Protective curtain is very efficient when it is applied on a spacecraft at low-Earth orbits.

Ond?ej Ploc; Lembit Sihver; Dmitry Kartashov; Vyacheslav Shurshakov; Raisa Tolochek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Source Terms for HFIR Beam Tube Shielding Analyses, and a Complete Shielding Analysis of the HB-3 Tube  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is in the midst of a massive upgrade program to enhance experimental facilities. The reactor presently has four horizontal experimental beam tubes, all of which will be replaced or redesigned. The HB-2 beam tube will be enlarged to support more guide tubes, while the HB-4 beam tube will soon include a cold neutron source.

Bucholz, J.A.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Protection Program Operations  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Order establishes requirements for the management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Protective Forces (FPF), Contractor Protective Forces (CPF), and the Physical Security of property and personnel under the cognizance of DOE.

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

175

Protective Force Program Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 473.2, Protective Force Program, which establishes the requirements and responsibilities for management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Protective Force (PF) Program. Does not cancel other directives.

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

176

Safety & Environmental Protection Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety & Environmental Protection Services Guidance Note --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Safety & Environmental Protection Services 1 Telephone: 0141-330-5532 Email: safety of others who live near you. It is about fire and the tragic consequences of getting some simple things

Guo, Zaoyang

177

Safety & Environmental Protection Services  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safety & Environmental Protection Services Guidance Note --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- UNIVERSITY OF GLASGOW Safety & Environmental Protection Services 1 Telephone: 0141-330-5532 Email: safety FOR THE CURRENT REVISION. Emergency Fire Action Plan Revision 03/10 Listed below are the procedures and other

Guo, Zaoyang

178

Fire Protection Related Sites  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Fire Protection related sites for Department of Energy, Non-DOE Government and Non-Government information.

179

RADIONUCLIDE RADIATION PROTECTION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COPYRIGHT 2002 Nuclear Technology Publishing #12;3 #12;4 #12;5 Radiation Protection Dosimetry Vol. 98, No'Energie Atomique, CEA/Saclay, France ISBN 1 870965 87 6 RADIATION PROTECTION DOSIMETRY Vol. 98 No 1, 2002 Published by Nuclear Technology Publishing #12;RADIONUCLIDE AND RADIATION PROTECTION DATA HANDBOOK 2nd Edition (2002

Healy, Kevin Edward

180

FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING FPE College of Engineering California Polytechnic State University San problems and develop fire safety design solutions in a variety of professional settings. Fire Protection Engineering Science � Apply concepts associated with the thermal sciences, to the analysis of fire protection

Sze, Lawrence

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERING FPE College of Engineering California Polytechnic State University San and develop fire safety design solutions in a variety of professional settings. Fire Protection Engineering Science · Apply concepts associated with the thermal sciences, to the analysis of fire protection

Sze, Lawrence

182

Simbol-X Mirror Module Thermal Shields: I - Design and X-Ray Transmission  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Simbol-X mission is designed to fly in formation flight configuration. As a consequence, the telescope has both ends open to space, and thermal shielding at telescope entrance and exit is required to maintain temperature uniformity throughout the mirrors. Both mesh and meshless solutions are presently under study for the shields. We discuss the design and the X-ray transmission.

Collura, A.; Varisco, S. [INAF-OAPA Via G.F. Ingrassia, 31 90123 Palermo (Italy); Barbera, M. [INAF-OAPA Via G.F. Ingrassia, 31 90123 Palermo (Italy); DSFA Universita di Palermo, Via Archirafi 36, 90123 Palermo (Italy); Basso, S.; Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [INAF-OAB, via E. bianchi 46, 23807 Merate (Italy); Ayers, T. [Luxel Corporation, Friday Harbor, WA 98250 (United States)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

183

Lunar soil as shielding against space radiation J. Miller a,*, L. Taylor b  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lunar soil as shielding against space radiation J. Miller a,*, L. Taylor b , C. Zeitlin c , L Sciences, Chiba 263-8555, Japan a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 6 August 2008 Accepted 28 January 2009 Keywords: Lunar soil Lunar regolith Space radiation shielding Galactic cosmic radiation (GCR

Perfect, Ed

184

Combined Use of Magnetic and Electrically Conductive Fillers in a Polymer Matrix for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding JUNHUA WU1,2 and D.D.L. CHUNG1,3 1.--Composite Materials Research for electromagnetic interference shielding than the use of a highly magnetic filler alone or the use of a highly, magnetic, electrical resistivity, nickel, mumetal, graphite INTRODUCTION Electromagnetic interference (EMI

Chung, Deborah D.L.

185

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube structure on the electromagnetic interference shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The influence of single-walled carbon nanotube structure on the electromagnetic interference.01­15%) have been evaluated for electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding effectiveness (SE) in the X and aerospace sectors with uses such as electrostatic dissipation, electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding

Gao, Hongjun

186

Shielding-Effectiveness Modeling of Carbon-Fiber/Nylon-6,6 Composites  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shielding-Effectiveness Modeling of Carbon-Fiber/Nylon- 6,6 Composites Nicholas B. Janda,1 Jason M for various amounts of Thermal- Graph DKD X carbon fiber within nylon 6,6. The theory predicts that the most important parameters for the shield- ing effectiveness of a sample are the carbon-fiber volume percentage

Perger, Warren F.

187

Turbo Pump Magnetic Shielding Analysis NSTX-CALC-24-04-00  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NSTX Turbo Pump Magnetic Shielding Analysis NSTX-CALC-24-04-00 March 16, 2011 Prepared By turbo pump to reduce the fringe field from NSTX coils at the pump location to below 50 gauss shield is below 50 G and overall Lorentz force on the pump is below 50 pound. 3) Although the magnetic

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

188

Development of Advanced Massive Heterogeneous Sensor Networks  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Advanced Massive Heterogeneous Sensor Networks Research Team * Doug McCorkle * Kris Bryden * Mark Bryden Ames Laboratory U of Maryland * Ashwani Gupta * Miao Yu Power Plant Challenges * Conflicting goals of reliable low cost energy and climate change mitigation * Large investment in current infrastructure * Little implementation of information technologies Sensors ... * will be "free" * will be small (lick 'n stick) * will be smart * will be ubiquitous Low cost improvements in sensing for control and condition monitoring can result in big improvements in cost and carbon emissions * "... develop the understandings, algorithms, and control strategies needed to utilize large-scale, high- density sensor networks in advanced power plants." * Develop techniques for the

189

Casimir Effect of Scalar Massive Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy momentum tensor is used to introduce the Casimir force of the massive scalar field acting on a nonpenetrating surface. This expression can be used to evaluate the vacuum force by employing the appropriate field operators. To simplify our formalism we also relates the vacuum force expression to the imaginary part of the Green function via the fluctuation dissipation theorem and Kubo formula. This allows one to evaluate the vacuum force without resorting to the process of field quantization. These two approaches are used to calculate the attractive force between two nonpenetrating plates. Special attention is paid to the generalization of the formalism to D + 1 space-time dimensions.

Sonia Mobassem

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

190

The future of massive variability searches  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This is a personal review of various issues related to massive photometric and astrometric searches. A complete inventory of variable stars down to almost any magnitude limit will improve our understanding of the stellar evolution and the galactic structure. A search for detached eclipsing binaries will improve the distance scale, the value of the Hubble constant, and the age of the oldest stars. A search for supernovae will help the determination of cosmological parameters Omega and Lambda. A search for microlensing events will provide insight into the stellar mass function, dark matter, and may lead to a discovery of earth-mass planets.

Paczynski, B

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Transport coefficients of a massive pion gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review or main results concerning the transport coefficients of a light meson gas, in particular we focus on the case of a massive pion gas. Leading order results according to the chiral power-counting are presented for the DC electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, shear viscosity, and bulk viscosity. We also comment on the possible correlation between the bulk viscosity and the trace anomaly in QCD, as well as the relation between unitarity and a minimum of the quotient $\\eta/s$ near the phase transition.

D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

2009-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

192

Investigations in massive 3D gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Some interesting gravitational properties of the Bergshoeff-Hohm-Townsend model (massive 3D gravity), such as the presence of a short-range gravitational force in the nonrelativistic limit and the existence of an impact-parameter-dependent gravitational deflection angle, are studied. Interestingly enough, these phenomena have no counterpart in the usual Einstein 3D gravity. In order to better understand the two aforementioned gravitational properties, they are also analyzed in the framework of 3D higher-derivative gravity with the Einstein-Hilbert term with the 'wrong sign'.

Accioly, Antonio [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Helayeel-Neto, Jose; Morais, Jefferson; Turcati, Rodrigo [Laboratorio de Fisica Experimental (LAFEX), Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, Urca, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Scatena, Eslley [Instituto de Fisica Teorica (IFT), Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Rua Dr. Bento Teobaldo Ferraz 271, Bloco II-Barra Funda, 01140-070, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

193

Assessing protection against radiation exposure after prostate 125I brachytherapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

AbstractPurpose To expand the radiation dose rate measurement data set by measuring radiation under various prostate 125I brachytherapy situations. Methods and Materials Measurements were obtained from 63 consecutive unselected patients at Tokyo Medical Center, Japan. Differences in factors during measurements, such as body postures, distances from the skin surface, and measurement directions were considered. Furthermore, shielding effects of lead-lined underwear, consisting mainly of 0.1-mm thickness of lead, were also assessed. Results Radiation exposure varies according to the patient's body posture, with results differing as much as approximately 40.0% in measured radiation dose rates at 30 cm from the anterior skin surface. Weight, body mass index, and tissue thickness showed good correlations with measured radiation dose rates. The magnitude of radiation exposure attenuation by shielding was approximately 95.8%, similar to the attenuation ratio based on tissue measurements made in the lateral direction. The respective mean times required to reach 1 mSv were 1.2, 7.6, and 65.4 days in the standing position and 0.6, 4.6, and 40.4 days in the supine position at the site of contact, and at 30 and 100 cm from the anterior skin surface. Conclusions This study obtained supplemental information pertaining to radiological protection and confirmed that shielding can be an effective tool for reducing exposures.

Takashi Hanada; Atsunori Yorozu; Riki Kikumura; Toshio Ohashi; Naoyuki Shigematsu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Shielding requirements for K Basin waste transfer line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

K-East Basin sludge, mixed with water, is to be transported to the tank farms using a high integrity container mounted on a trailer. Load considerations preclude driving the truck directly to the tank opening. Thus, it is envisioned that a transfer line will run from a tanker unloading point to a point where the waste can be injected into a waste tank. It is presently envisioned that the waste will be pumped from the truck to the tank in a three inch pipe which is encased inside a six inch pipe. The transfer line will be shielded by either berming earth with a density of approximately 2.00 g/cm{sup 3} (125 lb/ft{sup 3}) around the line, or constructing a concrete raceway.

Goldberg, H.J.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

CORROSION OF LEAD SHIELDING IN NUCLEAR MATERIALS PACKAGES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inspection of United States-Department of Energy (US-DOE) model 9975 nuclear materials shipping package revealed corrosion of the lead shielding induced by off-gas constituents from organic components in the package. Experiments were performed to determine the corrosion rate of lead when exposed to off-gas or degradation products of these organic materials. The results showed that the room temperature vulcanizing (RTV) sealant was the most corrosive organic species followed by the polyvinyl acetate (PVAc) glue. The fiberboard material induced corrosion to a much lesser extent than the PVAc glue and RTV, and only in the presence of condensed water. The results indicated faster corrosion at temperatures higher than ambient and with condensed water as expected. A corrosion rate of 0.05 mm/year measured for coupons exposed to the most aggressive conditions was recommended as a conservative estimate for use in package performance calculations.

Subramanian, K; Kerry Dunn, K

2007-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

196

Coastal Marshlands Protection Act (Georgia  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act provides the Coastal Resources Division with the authority to protect tidal wetlands. The Coastal Marshlands Protection Act limits certain activities and...

197

Large Magnetic Shielding Factor Measured by Nonlinear Magneto-optical Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A passive magnetic shield was designed and constructed for magnetometer tests for the future neutron electric dipole moment experiment at TRIUMF. The axial shielding factor of the magnetic shield was measured using a magnetometer based on non-linear magneto-optical rotation of the plane of polarized laser light upon passage through a paraffin-coated vapour cell containing natural Rb at room temperature. The laser was tuned to the Rb D1 line, near the $^{85}$Rb $F=2\\rightarrow 2,3$ transition. The shielding factor was measured by applying an axial field externally and measuring the magnetic field internally using the magnetometer. The axial shielding factor was determined to be $(1.3\\pm 0.1)\\times 10^{7}$, from an applied axial field of 1.45~$\\mu$T in the background of Earth's magnetic field.

Jeffery W. Martin; Russell R. Mammei; Wolfgang Klassen; Cameron Cerasani; Taraneh Andalib; Christopher P. Bidinosti; Michael Lang; David Ostapchuk

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

ORISE: Human Subjects Protection Resource Protection Book  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Human Subjects Protection Resource Book Human Subjects Protection Resource Book The Human Subjects Protection Resource Book synthesizes information currently available on the protection of human subjects in research, the continuing application of such information to new areas of endeavor, and ever-changing rules, regulations, and guidance. This resource, to which the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contributed, is for investigators, institutional review boards, research organizations, research subjects and others. The book contains chapters that provide background information on the history and development of federal regulations; chapters that discuss procedural and substantive issues regarding the review and conduct of human subjects research; and chapters that are specific to one type of research

199

Knowledge Discovery from Massive Healthcare Claims Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of big data in addressing the needs of the present healthcare system in US and rest of the world has been echoed by government, private, and academic sectors. There has been a growing emphasis to explore the promise of big data analytics in tapping the potential of the massive healthcare data emanating from private and government health insurance providers. While the domain implications of such collaboration are well known, this type of data has been explored to a limited extent in the data mining community. The objective of this paper is two fold: first, we introduce the emerging domain of big"healthcare claims data to the KDD community, and second, we describe the success and challenges that we encountered in analyzing this data using state of art analytics for massive data. Specically, we translate the problem of analyzing healthcare data into some of the most well-known analysis problems in the data mining community, social network analysis, text mining, and temporal analysis and higher order feature construction, and describe how advances within each of these areas can be leveraged to understand the domain of healthcare. Each case study illustrates a unique intersection of data mining and healthcare with a common objective of improving the cost-care ratio by mining for opportunities to improve healthcare operations and reducing hat seems to fall under fraud, waste,and abuse.

Chandola, Varun [ORNL] [ORNL; Sukumar, Sreenivas R [ORNL] [ORNL; Schryver, Jack C [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Massive Stars: Their Birth Sites and Distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The stellar IMF has been found to be an invariant Salpeter power-law (alpha=2.35) above about 1 Msun, but at the same time a massive star typically has more than one companion. This constrains the possible formation scenarios of massive stars, but also implies that the true, binary-star corrected stellar IMF could be significantly steeper than Salpeter, alpha>2.7. A significant fraction of all OB stars are found relatively far from potential birth sites which is most probably a result of dynamical ejections from cores of binary-rich star clusters. Such cores form rapidly due to dynamical mass segregation, or they are primordial. Probably all OB stars thus form in stellar clusters together with low-mass stars, and they have a rather devastating effect on the embedded cluster by rapidly driving out the remaining gas leaving expanding OB associations and bound star clusters. The distributed population of OB stars has a measured IMF with alpha about 4, which however, does not necessarily constitute a different physical mode for isolated star formation. A steep field-star IMF is obtained naturally because stars form in clusters which are distributed according to a power-law cluster mass function.

Pavel Kroupa

2003-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Precursors of UCHII regions & the evolution of massive outflows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since this contributions was meant to cover two subjects which are both in the field of massive star formation but which in its details can be discussed separately, this paper is divided in two sections. First, we present characteristics of precursors of UCH{\\sc ii} regions and their likely evolutionary properties. The second section discusses massive molecular outflows, their implications for high-mass star formation, and a possible evolutionary sequence for massive outflows.

H. Beuther; D. Shepherd

2005-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

202

Massively Parallel Indirect Dielectrophoresis Controlled Placement of Carbon Nanotubes.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Placement of single walled carbon nanotubes is demonstrated through massively parallel indirect dielectrophoresis (MPID). MPID is shown to be able to control the placement of… (more)

Conley, Hiram Jacob

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | January 13, 2014: Massive...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of the lab's attractions - including the massive electromagnet that was brought to Fermilab last summer. Highlights of the Open House include a series of performances by the...

204

Use of fly ash as an admixture for electromagnetic interference shielding Jingyao Cao, D.D.L. Chung*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of fly ash as an admixture for electromagnetic interference shielding Jingyao Cao, D.D.L. Chung The use of fly ash as an admixture results in enhancement of the electromagnetic interference (EMI of fly ash as an admixture for enhancing the electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. EMI shielding

Chung, Deborah D.L.

205

Massive infrastructures are needed to support supercomputers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"Under the floor" of a supercomputer "Under the floor" of a supercomputer National Security Science magazine Latest Issue:April 2013 All Issues » submit Massive infrastructures are needed to support supercomputers Megawatts of power, millions of gallons of water, a football-field-size floor March 25, 2013 Tip of the computing iceberg The supercomputer room at Los Alamos is vast-essentially an acre. And this is just the tip of the iceberg. What's really amazing is what's under that floor. When a supercomputer covers 6,000 square feet of floor space, how do its guardians find and fix problems in only an hour? What's "under the floor" of a supercomputer? SUMMARY The infrastructure required to support a supercomputer includes megawatts of electricity to power it,millions of gallons of water to cool

206

Spectral Synthesis of Massive Stars in Clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stellar clusters are thought to be the simplest stellar systems and the closest observational counterparts to theoretical models for single stellar populations. Progress in our understanding of the atmospheres and evolution of massive stars has led to generally reliable synthesis models. The future release of new evolution models with rotation, however, will require non-trivial updates to previously published synthesis models, in particular for all Wolf-Rayet and red supergiant related quantities. Cluster synthesis work is currently progressing from a purely stellar approach to a more comprehensive stellar+cluster perspective. The photometric evolution of stars and the dynamical evolution of clusters are delicately interwoven. Recent work attempts to combine these seemingly related fields.

Claus Leitherer

2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

207

Progress in the physics of massive neutrinos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current status of the physics of massive neutrinos is reviewed with a forward-looking emphasis. The article begins with the general phenomenology of neutrino oscillations in vacuum and matter and documents the experimental evidence for oscillations of solar, reactor, atmospheric and accelerator neutrinos. Both active and sterile oscillation possibilities are considered. The impact of cosmology (BBN, CMB, leptogenesis) and astrophysics (supernovae, highest energy cosmic rays) on neutrino observables and vice versa, is evaluated. The predictions of grand unified, radiative and other models of neutrino mass are discussed. Ways of determining the unknown parameters of three-neutrino oscillations are assessed, taking into account eight-fold degeneracies in parameters that yield the same oscillation probabilities, as well as ways to determine the absolute neutrino mass scale (from beta-decay, neutrinoless double-beta decay, large scale structure and Z-bursts). Critical unknowns at present are the amplitude of \

V. Barger; D. Marfatia; K. Whisnant

2003-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

208

National Infrastructure Protection Plan  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Infrastructure Infrastructure Protection Plan 2006 Preface Preface i The ability to protect the critical infrastructure and key resources (CI/KR) of the United States is vital to our national security, public health and safety, economic vitality, and way of life. U.S. policy focuses on the importance of enhancing CI/KR protection to ensure that essential governmental missions, public services, and economic functions are maintained in the event of a

209

Respiratory Protection Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This page is supported by the Respiratory Protection Program Administrators Group. The Respiratory Protection Program Administrators Group is a volunteer organization co-sponsored by the DOE Office of Worker Safety and Health Policy and the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) to provide a forum for DOE and DOE contractor personnel to identify respiratory protection issues of concern to the DOE and pursue solutions to issues identified.

210

Physical Protection Program Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Supplements DOE O 473.1, by establishing requirements for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Cancels: DOE M 5632.1C-1

2002-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

211

Asset Protection Analysis Guide  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Guide provides examples of the application of as set protection analysis to several common problems. Canceled by DOE N 251.80.

2008-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

212

Radiation Protection Act (Pennsylvania)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Act combines the radiation safety provisions of The Atomic Energy Development and Radiation Control Act and the Environmental Radiation Protection Act, and empowers the Department of...

213

Simbol-X Mirror Module Thermal Shields: II-Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation flight configuration of the Simbol-X mission implies that the X-ray mirror module will be open to Space on both ends. In order to reduce the power required to maintain the thermal stability and, therefore, the high angular resolution of the shell optics, a thin foil thermal shield will cover the mirror module. Different options are presently being studied for the foil material of these shields. We report results of an experimental investigation conducted to verify that the scattering of X-rays, by interaction with the thin foil material of the thermal shield, will not significantly affect the performances of the telescope.

Barbera, M. [Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Dip. di Scienze Fisiche ed Astronomiche, Palermo (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana, Palermo (Italy); Ayers, T. [Luxel Corporation, Friday Harbor (WA) (United States); Collura, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana, Palermo (Italy); Nasillo, G. [Universita degli Studi di Palermo, Centro Grandi Apparecchiature, Palermo (Italy); Pareschi, G.; Tagliaferri, G. [Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Merate (Italy)

2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

214

The use of isotopically tailored boron for advanced neutron shielding and moderating applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cm. The incident neutron flux was measured first without any shielding slab between the source and the detector. The first slab of shielding material was then placed nearest to the source and the transmitted intensity was measured by the detector... effects of nuclear radiation. This analysis examined the use of isotopically tailored boron for the purpose of moderating, reflecting and shielding neutrons. The source of neutrons in this study varied in energy from 0. 2 keV to 14 MeV. The material...

Deere, Laura Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

215

Cosmological evolutions of F(R) nonlinear massive gravity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently a new extended nonlinear massive gravity model has been proposed which includes the F(R) modifications to the de Rham–Gabadadze–Tolley model. We follow the F(R) nonlinear massive gravity and study its implications on cosmological evolutions. We derive the critical points of the cosmic system and study the corresponding kinetics by performing the phase-plane analysis.

De-Jun Wu

2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

216

Graphene-enabled Wireless Communication for Massive Multicore Architectures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Graphene-enabled Wireless Communication for Massive Multicore Architectures Sergi Abadal, Eduard. This goal is feasible by using graphene-based planar antennas, which can radiate signals at the Terahertz, this is the first work that discusses the utilization of graphene-enabled wireless communication for massive

Cabellos-Aparicio, Albert

217

A MASSIVE PROTOSTAR FORMING BY ORDERED COLLAPSE OF A DENSE, MASSIVE CORE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present 30 and 40 {mu}m imaging of the massive protostar G35.20-0.74 with SOFIA-FORCAST. The high surface density of the natal core around the protostar leads to high extinction, even at these relatively long wavelengths, causing the observed flux to be dominated by that emerging from the near-facing outflow cavity. However, emission from the far-facing cavity is still clearly detected. We combine these results with fluxes from the near-infrared to mm to construct a spectral energy distribution (SED). For isotropic emission the bolometric luminosity would be 3.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} L{sub Sun }. We perform radiative transfer modeling of a protostar forming by ordered, symmetric collapse from a massive core bounded by a clump with high-mass surface density, {Sigma}{sub cl}. To fit the SED requires protostellar masses {approx}20-34 M{sub Sun} depending on the outflow cavity opening angle (35 Degree-Sign -50 Degree-Sign ), and {Sigma}{sub cl} {approx} 0.4-1 g cm{sup -2}. After accounting for the foreground extinction and the flashlight effect, the true bolometric luminosity is {approx}(0.7-2.2) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 5} L{sub Sun }. One of these models also has excellent agreement with the observed intensity profiles along the outflow axis at 10, 18, 31, and 37 {mu}m. Overall our results support a model of massive star formation involving the relatively ordered, symmetric collapse of a massive, dense core and the launching bipolar outflows that clear low-density cavities. Thus a unified model may apply for the formation of both low- and high-mass stars.

Zhang, Yichen; Tan, Jonathan C.; Telesco, Charles [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States); De Buizer, James M.; Sandell, Goeran; Shuping, Ralph [SOFIA-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-12, Building N232, P.O. Box 1, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States)] [SOFIA-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS 232-12, Building N232, P.O. Box 1, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Beltran, Maria T. [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, Firenze I-50125 (Italy)] [INAF-Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Largo E. Fermi 5, Firenze I-50125 (Italy); Churchwell, Ed; Whitney, Barbara [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); McKee, Christopher F. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)] [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Staff, Jan E., E-mail: yc.zhang@astro.ufl.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 (United States)

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

218

Hypervelocity binary stars: smoking gun of massive binary black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The hypervelocity stars recently found in the Galactic halo are expelled from the Galactic center through interactions between binary stars and the central massive black hole or between single stars and a hypothetical massive binary black hole. In this paper, we demonstrate that binary stars can be ejected out of the Galactic center with velocities up to 10^3 km/s, while preserving their integrity, through interactions with a massive binary black hole. Binary stars are unlikely to attain such high velocities via scattering by a single massive black hole or through any other mechanisms. Based on the above theoretical prediction, we propose a search for binary systems among the hypervelocity stars. Discovery of hypervelocity binary stars, even one, is a definitive evidence of the existence of a massive binary black hole in the Galactic center.

Youjun Lu; Qingjuan Yu; D. N. C. Lin

2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

219

Increasing transcurium production efficiency through direct resonance shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Radiochemical Engineering Development Center at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is the world s leader in production of 252Cf. This and other heavy actinides are produced by irradiation of mixed curium/americium targets in the High Flux Isotope Reactor. Due to the strong dependence of isotopic cross sections upon incoming neutron energy, the efficiency with which an isotope is transmuted is highly dependent upon the neutron flux energy spectrum and intensities. There are certain energy ranges in which the rate of fissions in feedstock materials can be minimized relative to the rate of (n, ) absorptions. It is shown that by perturbing the flux spectrum, it is possible to alter the net consumption of curium feedstock, as well as the yields of key isotopes for the heavy element research program, such as 249Bk and 252Cf. This flux spectrum perturbation is accomplished by means of focused resonance shielding through the use of filter materials. It is further shown that these perturbations can alter the target yields in a significant way, increasing the amount of 252Cf produced per unit curium consumption by over 40%.

Hogle, Susan L [ORNL; Maldonado, G Ivan [ORNL; Alexander, Charles W [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Distributed resonance self-shielding using the equivalence principle  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper presents an extension of the equivalence principle to allow distributed resonance self-shielding in a multi-region fuel configuration. Rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability is applied in order to establish equivalence between the actual fuel configuration and a homogeneous mixture of hydrogen and resonant absorber, which is a commonly used model to calculate library tables of resonance integrals. The main steps in derivation are given along with the basic physics assumptions on which the presented approach relies. The method has been implemented in the lattice code WIMS-AECL and routinely used for calculation of CANDU-type reactor lattices. Its capabilities are illustrated by comparison of WIMS-AECL and MCNP results of {sup 238}U resonance capture in a CANDU lattice cell. In order to determine optimal rational expansion of fuel-to-fuel collision probability, the calculations were carried out by varying the number of rational terms from 1 to 6. The results show that 4 terms are sufficient. The further increase of the number of terms affects the computing time, while the impact on accuracy is negligible. To illustrate the convergence of the results, the fuel subdivision is gradually refined varying the number of fuel pin subdivisions from 1 to 32 equal-area annuli. The results show very good agreement with the reference MCNP calculation. (authors)

Altiparmakov, D. [Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, Chalk River Laboratories, Chalk River, ON K0J 1J0 (Canada)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

X-ray Emission from Massive StarsX-ray Emission from Massive Stars David CohenDavid Cohen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray Emission from Massive StarsX-ray Emission from Massive Stars David CohenDavid Cohen/s)Velocity (km/s) #12;absorption emission emission occulted emission emission UV telescope side side front back #12;absorption emission emission occulted emission emission UV telescope side side front back #12;The

Cohen, David

222

Environmental Protection Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Environmental Protection Implementation Plan is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. The Environmental Protection Implementation Plan serves as an aid to management and staff to implement new environmental programs in a timely manner.

Brekke, D.D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Protective Force Program Manual  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 473.2, PROTECTIVE FORCE PROGRAM, which establishes the requirements and responsibilities for management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Protective Force (PF) Program. Change 1 revised pages in Chapters IV and VI on 12/20/2001.

2001-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

224

Environmental protection Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This ``Environmental Protection Implementation Plan'' is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. This document states SNL/California's commitment to conduct its operations in an environmentally safe and responsible manner. The ``Environmental Protection Implementation Plan'' helps management and staff comply with applicable environmental responsibilities.

R. C. Holland

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Protection of Human Subjects  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes Department of Energy (DOE) procedures and responsibilities for implementing the policy and requirements set forth in 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 745, Protection of Human Subjects; and in DOE P 443.1A, Protection of Human Subjects, dated 12-20-07. Cancels DOE O 443.1. Canceled by DOE O 443.1B.

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

226

Protection of Human Subjects  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish DOE procedures and responsibilities for implementing the policy and requirements set forth in 10 CFR Part 745, Protection of Human Subjects, ad in DOE P 443.1, Policy on the Protection of Human Subjects. Cancels DOE O 1300.3. Canceled by DOE O 443.1A.

2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

227

Environmental Protection Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To implement sound stewardship practices that are protective of the air, water, land, and other natural and cultural resources impacted by the Department of Energy (DOE) operations and by which DOE cost effectively meets or exceeds compliance with applicable environmental; public health; and resource protection laws, regulations, and DOE requirements. Cancels DOE 5400.1 and DOE N 450.4.

2003-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEST BY RED SHIELD ACQUISITION, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RED SHIELD ACQUISITION, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF RED SHIELD ACQUISITION, LLC FOR AN ADVANCE WAIVER OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE-EE0003364 W(A) 2010-030 The Petitioner, Red Shield Acquisition, LLC. (Red Shield), has requested a waiver of domestic and foreign patent rights for all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above-referenced award entitled "Demonstration ofan Integrated Biorefinery at Old Town, Maine." The University of Maine is a subawardee. and is not subject to this waiver request. The objective ofthis award is to develop a prototype demonstration cellulosic biorefinery that will establish and validate, on a pre-commercial scale, the extraction of hemicelluloses from wood chips and the process to convert the resultant lignocellulosic extract to biofuels and other

229

SHIELDING ESTIMATES FOR THE ANL 6.0 GeV SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

SHIELDING ESTIMATES FOR THE ANL 6.0 GeV SHIELDING ESTIMATES FOR THE ANL 6.0 GeV SYNCHROTRON LIGHT SOURCE H. J. Moe V. R. Veluri LS-55-Revised Harch 1987 2 1.0 Introduction Shielding estimates for the linac, positron converter, booster synchrotron and the positron storage ring have been computed using preliminary design information. Calculations have been made of the resulting radiation for several types of operations involving normal beam loss, as well as, certain accidental beam losses. When available, experimental data from existing accelerator and light source facilities have been used in lieu of theoretical estimates. 2.0 Shielding Design Objective The Department of Energy's basic occupational exposure limit is 5 rem per year (DOE 81). However, in its guidance for maintaining exposures "as

230

Solar shield: forecasting and mitigating space weather effects on high-voltage power transmission systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, central elements of the Solar Shield project, launched to design and establish ... about space weather conditions to the member power utilities. EPRI also evaluates the economic impacts of ... tran...

Antti Pulkkinen; Michael Hesse; Shahid Habib; Luke Van der Zel…

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

E-Print Network 3.0 - analytic shielding optimization Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of California at San Diego Collection: Plasma Physics and Fusion 57 Electromagnetic interference shielding reaching 70 dB in steel fiber cement Summary: content of 0.72...

232

D0 Solenoid Upgrade Project: Chimney LN2 Radiation Shield Attachment Area Calculation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A short calculation was done to check the attachment method of the radiation shield to it's LN2 cooling tubes. The case considered was only for the obround chimney section. The proposed attachment method was to use 1/8-inch plug welds spaced every 5-inch along the length of the shield. The calculations were done conservatively for 6-inch spacing between plug welds. The criteria used was that the LN2 shield warmest temperature be less than 2 K above the temperature of the LN2 fluid. Using a very conservative heat transfer model. the calculations predict that the warmest temperature on the radiation shield will be < 1.4 K warmer than the LN2 fluid temperature.

Rucinski, R.; /Fermilab

1993-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

233

Polyethylene as a Radiation Shielding Standard in Simulated Cosmic-Ray Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-Energy Iron Ions: Dependence on Shielding Thickness and Material,effectiveness of materials against high-energy beams (600of high-energy heavy ions than do other materials. It is

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Direct path from microscopic mechanics to Debye shielding, Landau damping, and wave-particle interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The derivation of Debye shielding and Landau damping from the $N$-body description of plasmas is performed directly by using Newton's second law for the $N$-body system. This is done in a few steps with elementary calculations using standard tools of calculus, and no probabilistic setting. Unexpectedly, Debye shielding is encountered together with Landau damping. This approach is shown to be justified in the one-dimensional case when the number of particles in a Debye sphere becomes large. The theory is extended to accommodate a correct description of trapping and chaos due to Langmuir waves. Shielding and collisional transport are found to be two related aspects of the repulsive deflections of electrons, in such a way that each particle is shielded by all other ones while keeping in uninterrupted motion.

Dominique F. Escande; Yves Elskens; Fabrice Doveil

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

Geochronology of Gran Canaria, Canary Islands: Age of shield building volcanism and other magmatic phases  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Forty-six new K-Ar age determinations are presented on whole rock samples and mineral separates from volcanic and subvolcanic rocks of Gran Canaria. The main subaerial shield building basaltic volcanism...3 was c...

I. McDougall; H. -U. Schmincke

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Gamma-Ray Shielding Effectiveness of Some Alloys for Fusion Reactor Design  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gamma-ray shielding effectiveness of some oxide dispersion-strengthen (ODS) alloys by means of mass attenuation coefficients, mean free path, exposure buildup factors and energy absorption buildup factors hav...

Vishwanath P. Singh; M. E. Medhat; N. M. Badiger

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Recent Economic Trends in Colorado's Oil and Gas Industry Martin Shields, Ph.D.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

's Oil and Gas Industry Martin Shields, Ph.D. Regional Economics Institute Trends in Colorado's Oil and Gas Industry Summary Colorado's economy lost issues affecting its prospects in Colorado. Although the oil and gas industry

238

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

25 Federal Register 25 Federal Register / Vol. 76, No. 209 / Friday, October 28, 2011 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9484-2] Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee (CHPAC); Notice of Charter Renewal AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). ACTION: Notice of Charter Renewal. Notice is hereby given that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has determined that, in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA), 5 U.S.C. App.2. The Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee (CHPAC) is a necessary committee which is in the public interest. Accordingly, CHPAC will be renewed for an additional two- year period. The purpose of CHPAC is to provide advice and recommendations to the Administrator of EPA on issues

239

ORISE: Human Subjects Protection  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Human Subjects Protection Human Subjects Protection The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) performs technical assessments to assist U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories involved in human subjects research projects. Under DOE Order and Policy 443.1A, Protection of Human Subjects, and 10 CFR 745, DOE employees and contractors are expected to protect the rights and welfare of human research subjects. In support of the DOE Office of Science and the Human Subjects Protection Program (HSPP), ORISE has most recently assisted with the development and distribution of tools to address classified research and to track potential human social cultural behavior systems (HSCB) research conducted by DOE laboratories. Examples of products that ORISE has developed in support of the HSPP

240

Nuclear reactor having a polyhedral primary shield and removable vessel insulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear reactor is provided having a generally cylindrical reactor vessel disposed within an opening in a primary shield. The opening in the primary shield is defined by a plurality of generally planar side walls forming a generally polyhedral-shaped opening. The reactor vessel is supported within the opening in the primary shield by reactor vessel supports which are in communication and aligned with central portions of some of the side walls. The reactor vessel is connected to the central portions of the reactor vessel supports. A thermal insulation polyhedron formed from a plurality of slidably insertable and removable generally planar insulation panels substantially surrounds at least a portion of the reactor vessel and is disposed between the reactor vessel and the side walls of the primary shield. The shape of the insulation polyhedron generally corresponds to the shape of the opening in the primary shield. Reactor monitoring instrumentation may be mounted in the corners of the opening in the primary shield between the side walls and the reactor vessel such that insulation is not disposed between the instrumentation and the reactor vessel. 5 figures.

Ekeroth, D.E.; Orr, R.

1993-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Nuclear reactor having a polyhedral primary shield and removable vessel insulation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear reactor is provided having a generally cylindrical reactor vessel disposed within an opening in a primary shield. The opening in the primary shield is defined by a plurality of generally planar side walls forming a generally polyhedral-shaped opening. The reactor vessel is supported within the opening in the primary shield by reactor vessel supports which are in communication and aligned with central portions of some of the side walls. The reactor vessel is connected to the central portions of the reactor vessel supports. A thermal insulation polyhedron formed from a plurality of slidably insertable and removable generally planar insulation panels substantially surrounds at least a portion of the reactor vessel and is disposed between the reactor vessel and the side walls of the primary shield. The shape of the insulation polyhedron generally corresponds to the shape of the opening in the primary shield. Reactor monitoring instrumentation may be mounted in the corners of the opening in the primary shield between the side walls and the reactor vessel such that insulation is not disposed between the instrumentation and the reactor vessel.

Ekeroth, Douglas E. (Delmont, PA); Orr, Richard (Pittsburgh, PA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Packaging and Disposal of a Radium-beryllium Source using Depleted Uranium Polyethylene Composite Shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two, 111-GBq (3 Curie) radium-beryllium (RaBe) sources were in underground storage at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) since 1988. These sources originated from the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) where they were used to calibrate neutron detection diagnostics. In 1999, PPPL and BNL began a collaborative effort to expand the use of an innovative pilot-scale technology and bring it to full-scale deployment to shield these sources for eventual transport and burial at the Hanford Burial site. The transport/disposal container was constructed of depleted uranium oxide encapsulated in polyethylene to provide suitable shielding for both gamma and neutron radiation. This new material can be produced from recycled waste products (depleted uranium and polyethylene), is inexpensive, and can be disposed with the waste, unlike conventional lead containers, thus reducing exposure time for workers. This paper will provide calculations and information that led to the initial design of the shielding. We will also describe the production-scale processing of the container, cost, schedule, logistics, and many unforeseen challenges that eventually resulted in the successful fabrication and deployment of this shield. We will conclude with a description of the final configuration of the shielding container and shipping package along with recommendations for future shielding designs.

Keith Rule; Paul Kalb; Pete Kwaschyn

2003-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Climate Sensitivity of the Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3) JEFFREY T. KIEHL, CHRISTINE A. SHIELDS, JAMES J. HACK, AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, CHRISTINE A. SHIELDS, JAMES J. HACK, AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS National Center for Atmospheric Research

Bretherton, Chris

244

Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions,  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) Partnering Agreement for the DOE-EM Tank Operations Project Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) Partnering Agreement for the DOE-EM Tank Operations Project The Mission of the Office of River Protection is to safely retrieve and treat Hanford's tank waste and close the Tank Farms to protect the Columbia River. Office of River Protection (ORP) and Washingotn River Protection Solutions, LLC (WRPS) Partnering Agreement for the DOE-EM Tank Operations Project More Documents & Publications 2011 Annual Workforce Analysis and Staffing Plan Report - Office of River Protection Consent Order, Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC - NCO-2011-01

245

Environmental Protection, Safety, and Health Protection Program for DOE Operations  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This order establishes the Environmental Protection, Safety, and Health Protection Program for Department of Energy (DOE) operations. Cancels Interim Management Directive No. 5001, Safety, Health And Environmental Protection dated 9-29-77.

1980-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

MACHO (MAssive Compact Halo Objects) Data  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The primary aim of the MACHO Project is to test the hypothesis that a significant fraction of the dark matter in the halo of the Milky Way is made up of objects like brown dwarfs or planets: these objects have come to be known as MACHOs, for MAssive Compact Halo Objects. The signature of these objects is the occasional amplification of the light from extragalactic stars by the gravitational lens effect. The amplification can be large, but events are extremely rare: it is necessary to monitor photometrically several million stars for a period of years in order to obtain a useful detection rate. For this purpose MACHO has a two channel system that employs eight CCDs, mounted on the 50 inch telescope at Mt. Stromlo. The high data rate (several GBytes per night) is accommodated by custom electronics and on-line data reduction. The Project has taken more than 27,000 images with this system since June 1992. Analysis of a subset of these data has yielded databases containing light curves in two colors for 8 million stars in the LMC and 10 million in the bulge of the Milky Way. A search for microlensing has turned up four candidates toward the Large Magellanic Cloud and 45 toward the Galactic Bulge. The web page for data provides links to MACHO Project data portals and various specialized interfaces for viewing or searching the data. (Specialized Interface)

247

Fire Protection Program  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Program Program Fire Protection Overview The Department of Energy (DOE) Fire Protection Program is multi-faceted. It includes published fire safety directives (Orders, standards, and guidance documents), a range of oversight activities, an annual fire protection program summary, and a directory of fire safety professionals. DOE also sponsors fire safety conferences, various training initiatives, and a spectrum of technical assistance activities. This Home Page is intended to bring together in one location as much of the Program's resources as possible to facilitate greater understanding, communication, and efficiency of operations. Guidelines -- NFPA Codes and standards, CFRs, and DOE Directives (policy statements, Orders, Standards, and Guidance Documents)

248

Summary of Blast Shield and Material Testing for Development of Solid Debris Collection at the National Ignition Facility (NIF)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ability to collect solid debris from the target chamber following a NIF shot has application for both capsule diagnostics, particularly for fuel-ablator mix, and measuring cross sections relevant to the Stockpile Stewardship program and nuclear astrophysics. Simulations have shown that doping the capsule with up to 10{sup 15} atoms of an impurity not otherwise found in the capsule does not affect its performance. The dopant is an element that will undergo nuclear activations during the NIF implosion, forming radioactive species that can be collected and measured after extraction from the target chamber. For diagnostics, deuteron or alpha induced reactions can be used to probe the fuel-ablator mix. For measuring neutron cross sections, the dopant should be something that is sensitive to the 14 MeV neutrons produced through the fusion of deuterium and tritium. Developing the collector is a challenge due to the extreme environment of the NIF chamber. The collector surface is exposed to a large photon flux from x-rays and unconverted laser light before it is exposed to a debris wind that is formed from vaporized material from the target chamber center. The photons will ablate the collector surface to some extent, possibly impeding the debris from reaching the collector and sticking. In addition, the collector itself must be mechanically strong enough to withstand the large amount of energy it will be exposed to, and it should be something that will be easy to count and chemically process. In order to select the best material for the collector, a variety of different metals have been tested in the NIF chamber. They were exposed to high-energy laser shots in order to evaluate their postshot surface characterization, morphology, degree of melt, and their ability to retain debris from the chamber center. The first set of samples consisted of 1 mm thick pieces of aluminum that had been fielded in the chamber as blast shields protecting the neutron activation diagnostic. Ten of these pieces were fielded at the equator and one was fielded on the pole. The shields were analyzed using a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), x-ray fluorescence (XRF), neutron activation analysis (NAA) and chemical leaching followed by mass spectrometry. On each shield, gold debris originating from the gold hohlraum was observed, as well as large quantities of debris that were present in the center of the target chamber at the time of the shot (i.e., stainless steel, indium, copper, etc.) Debris was visible in the SEM as large blobs or splats of material that had encountered the surface of the aluminum and stuck. The aluminum itself had obviously melted and condensed, and some of the large debris splats arrived after the surface had already hardened. Melt depth was determined by cross sectioning the pieces and measuring the melted surface layers via SEM. After the SEM analysis was completed, the pieces were sent for NAA at the USGS reactor and were analyzed by U. Greife at the Colorado School of Mines. The NAA showed that the majority of gold mass present on the shields was not in the form of large blobs and splats, but was present as small particulates that had most likely formed as condensed vapor. Further analysis showed that the gold was entrained in the melted aluminum surface layers and did not extend down into the bulk of the aluminum. Once the gold mass was accounted for from the NAA, it was determined that the aluminum fielded at the equator was collecting a fraction of the total gold hohlraum mass equivalent to 120% {+-} 10% of the solid angle subtended by the shield. The attached presentation has more information on the results of the aluminum blast shield analysis. In addition to the information given in the presentation, the surfaces of the shields have been chemically leached and submitted for mass spectrometric analysis. The results from that analysis are expected to arrive after the due date of this report and will be written up at a later time. Based on the results of the aluminum b

Shaughnessy, D A; Gostic, J M; Moody, K J; Grant, P M; Lewis, L A; Hutcheon, I D

2011-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

249

ADVANTG Shielding Analysis for Closure Operations in an Open-Mode Repository  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

en-mode repository concepts could require worker entry into access drifts after placement of fuel casks in order to perform activities related to backfill, plug emplacement, routine maintenance, or performance confirmation. An ideal emplacement-drift shielding configuration would minimize dose to workers while maximizing airflow through the emplacement drifts. This paper presents a preliminary investigation of the feasibility and effectiveness of radiation shielding concepts that could be employed to facilitate worker operations in an open-mode repository. The repository model for this study includes pressurized-water reactor fuel assemblies (60 GWd/MTU burnup, 40 year post-irradiation cooldown) in packages of 32 assemblies. The closest fuel packages are 5 meters from dosimetry voxels in the access drift. The unshielded dose to workers in the access drift is 73.7 rem/hour. Prior work suggests that open-mode repository concepts similar to this one would require 15 m3/s of ventilation airflow. Shielding concepts considered here include partial concrete plugs, labyrinthine shields, and stainless steel photon attenuator grids. Maximum dose to workers in the access drift was estimated for each shielding concept using MCNP5 with variance reduction parameters generated by ADVANTG. Because airflow through the shielding is important for open-mode repositories, a semi-empirical estimate of the head loss due to each shielding configuration was also calculated. Airflow and shielding performance vary widely among the proposed shielding configurations. Although the partial plug configuration had the best airflow performance, it allowed dose rates 1500 greater than the specified target. Labyrinthine shielding concepts yield doses on the order of 1 mrem/hour with configurations that impose 3 to 11 J/kg head loss. Adding 1 cm lead lining to the airflow channels of labyrinthine designs further reduces the worker dose by 65% to 95%. Photon-attenuator concepts may reduce worker dose to as low as 29 mrem/hour with head loss on the order of 1.9 J/kg.

Bevill, Aaron M [ORNL] [ORNL; Radulescu, Georgeta [ORNL] [ORNL; Scaglione, John M [ORNL] [ORNL; Howard, Rob L [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Bird Protection in Illinois  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Protection in Illinois Protection in Illinois Nature Bulletin No. 550-A January 18, 1975 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation BIRD PROTECTION IN ILLINOIS Very few people are indifferent about birds. Almost every bird is the feathered friend of somebody or some organization ready to do battle in its behalf. At present, in Illinois, songbirds and most other wild birds, together with their nests and eggs, are completely protected by law at all times. A few kinds, called game birds, may be shot by hunters -- pheasants and quail, also migratory ducks, geese, coots, jacksnipes, woodcocks, and doves. Such hunting must be done with shotguns in certain places in certain open seasons with many other detailed restrictions. Now, even crow hunters are licensed. The only unprotected birds are those three immigrants or exotics: the English sparrow, the European starling and the "domestic " pigeon. These, too, have their friends .

251

Protective Force Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To prescribe Department of Energy policy, responsibilities, and requirements for the management and operation of the Protective Force Program. Chg 1 dated 2-13-95. Cancels DOE O 5632.7 and DOE O 5632.8.

1995-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

252

Mondriaan memory protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Reliability and security are quickly becoming users' biggest concern due to the increasing reliance on computers in all areas of society. Hardware-enforced, fine-grained memory protection can increase the reliability and ...

Witchel, Emmett Jethro, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Physical Protection Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes Department of Energy management objectives, requirements and responsibilities for the physical protection of safeguards and security interests. Cancels DOE 5632.1C. Canceled by DOE O 470.4.

2002-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

254

Voluntary Protection Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

VPP Steering Committee - The Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) Federal Field Steering Committee is a group of Federal field office staff members from offices where at...

255

Federal Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Federal protective forces (FPFs). Cancels DOE M 470.4-3, Chg 1. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

256

Protection of Human Subjects  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The purpose of this Policy is to establish DOE-specific policy for the protection of human subjects involved in DOE research. Canceled by DOE P 443.1A.

2000-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Protection of Human Subjects  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Policy is to establish DOE-specific principles for the protection of human subjects involved in DOE research. Cancels DOE P 443.1. Canceled by DOE O 443.1B

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

258

General Environmental Protection Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish environmental protection program requirements, authorities, and responsibilities for Department of Energy (DOE) Operations for assuring compliance with applicable Federal, State and local environmental protection laws and regulations, Executive Orders, and internal Department policies. Cancels DOE O 5480.1A. Para. 2b, 4b, and 4c of Chap. II and para. 2d and 3b of Chap. III canceled by DOE O 231.1.

1990-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

259

Voluntary Protection Program- Basics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Energy Voluntary Protection Program (DOE-VPP) promotes safety and health excellence through cooperative efforts among labor, management, and government at the Department of Energy (DOE) contractor sites. DOE has also formed partnerships with other Federal agencies and the private sector for both advancing and sharing its Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) experiences and preparing for program challenges in the next century. The safety and health of contractor and federal employees are a high priority for the Department.

260

Environmental Protection Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To implement sound stewardship practices that are protective of the air, water, land, and other natural and cultural resources impacted by the Department of Energy (DOE) operations and by which DOE cost effectively meets or exceeds compliance with applicable environmental; public health; and resource protection laws, regulations, and DOE requirements. Chg 1, dated 1-24-05; Chg 2, dated 12-7-05; Admin Chg 1, dated 1-3-07. Cancels DOE 5400.1 and DOE N 450.4.

2003-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations June 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Andre Armstrong, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (509) 376-6773 Andre_L_Armstrong@rl.gov Geoff Tyree, DOE (509) 376-4171 Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - Hanford workers are pouring enough cement-like material to fill six Olympic-size wimming pools in one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) largest nuclear facilities at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State to prepare the massive building for demolition.

262

Topologically Massive Gravity and Ricci-Cotton Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Topologically Massive Gravity (TMG), which is three dimensional general relativity with a cosmological constant and a gravitational Chern-Simons term. When the cosmological constant is negative the theory has two potential vacuum solutions: Anti-de Sitter space and Warped Anti-de Sitter space. The theory also contains a massive graviton state which renders these solutions unstable for certain values of the parameters and boundary conditions. We study the decay of these solutions due to the condensation of the massive graviton mode using Ricci-Cotton flow, which is the appropriate generalization of Ricci flow to TMG. When the Chern-Simons coupling is small the AdS solution flows to warped AdS by the condensation of the massive graviton mode. When the coupling is large the situation is reversed, and warped AdS flows to AdS. Minisuperspace models are constructed where these flows are studied explicitly.

Nima Lashkari; Alexander Maloney

2010-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

263

Topologically Massive Gravity and Ricci-Cotton Flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Topologically Massive Gravity (TMG), which is three dimensional general relativity with a cosmological constant and a gravitational Chern-Simons term. When the cosmological constant is negative the theory has two potential vacuum solutions: Anti-de Sitter space and Warped Anti-de Sitter space. The theory also contains a massive graviton state which renders these solutions unstable for certain values of the parameters and boundary conditions. We study the decay of these solutions due to the condensation of the massive graviton mode using Ricci-Cotton flow, which is the appropriate generalization of Ricci flow to TMG. When the Chern-Simons coupling is small the AdS solution flows to warped AdS by the condensation of the massive graviton mode. When the coupling is large the situation is reversed, and warped AdS flows to AdS. Minisuperspace models are constructed where these flows are studied explicitly.

Lashkari, Nima

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Double Diffusion in Enclosure Bounded by Massive and Volatilizing Walls  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-10), are considered. Other governing parameters are maintained constant (Rayleigh number, Prandtl number, Lewis number and width ratio of massive wall to enclosure). The conjugate heat transfer of the thick wall and indoor airflow and the enhanced heat transfer...

Liu, D.; Tang, G.; Zhao, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

D0-D8-F1 in Massive IIA SUGRA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present some new supersymmetric solutions of massive IIA supergravity involving D0-branes, a D8-brane and a string. For the bosonic fields we use a general ansatz with SO(8) symmetry.

M. Massar; J. Troost

1999-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

266

An alternative derivation of the Minimal massive 3D gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

By using the algebra of exterior forms and the first order formalism with constraints, an alternative derivation of the field equations for the Minimal massive 3D gravity model is presented.

Ahmet Baykal

2014-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

267

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations Massive Cement Pour into Hanford Site Nuclear Facility Underway: Recovery Act Funding Puts U Canyon in Home Stretch of Demolition Preparations June 14, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Andre Armstrong, CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company (509) 376-6773 Andre_L_Armstrong@rl.gov Geoff Tyree, DOE (509) 376-4171 Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - Hanford workers are pouring enough cement-like material to fill six Olympic-size wimming pools in one of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) largest nuclear facilities at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State to prepare the massive building for demolition.

268

Efficient Flow Computation on Massive Grid Terrain Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

As detailed terrain data becomes available, GIS terrain applications target larger geographic areas at ner resolutions. Processing the massive data involved in such applications presents signi cant challenges to GIS ...

Arge, Lars; Chase, Jeffry S.; Haplin, Patrick; Toma, Laura; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott; Urban, Dean; Wickremesinghe, Rajiv

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Protections: Sediment Control = Contaminant Retention  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Sediment Control Protections: Sediment Control Contaminant Retention LANL maintains hundreds of wells, stream sampling stations and stormwater control structures to protect...

270

Density Perturbations in the Universe from Massive Vector Fields  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

I discuss the possibility of using a massive vector field to generate the density perturbation in the Universe. I find that a scale-invariant superhorizon spectrum of vector field perturbations is possible to generate during inflation. The associated curvature perturbation is imprinted onto the Universe following the curvaton scenario. The mechanism does not generate a long-range anisotropy because an oscillating massive vector field behaves as a pressureless isotropic fluid.

Dimopoulos, K. [Physics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)

2007-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

271

GRBs as Probes of Massive Stars Near and Far  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long-duration gamma-ray bursts are the manifestations of massive stellar death. Due to the immense energy release they are detectable from most of the observable universe. In this way they allow us to study the deaths of single (or binary) massive stars possibly throughout the full timespan massive stars have existed in the Universe. GRBs provide a means to infer information about the environments and typical galaxies in which massive stars are formed. Two main obstacles remain to be crossed before the full potential of GRBs as probes of massive stars can be harvested: i) we need to build more complete and well understood samples in order not to be fooled by biases, and ii) we need to understand to which extent GRBs may be intrinsically biased in the sense that they are only formed by a limited subset of massive stars defined by most likely a restricted metallicity interval. We describe the status of an ongoing effort to build a more complete sample of long-duration GRBs with measured redshifts. Already now we can conclude that the environments of GRB progenitors are very diverse with metallicities ranging from solar to a hundredth solar and extinction ranging from none to A_V>5 mag. We have also identified a sightline with significant escape of Lyman continuum photons and another with a clear 2175AA extinction bump.

J. Fynbo; D. Malesani

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

272

Capture Formed Binaries via Encounters with Massive Protostars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Most massive stars are found in the center of dense clusters, and have a companion fraction much higher than their lower mass siblings; the massive stars of the Trapezium core in Orion have ~ 1.5 companions each. This high multiplicity could be a consequence of formation via a capture scenario, or it could be due to fragmentation of the cores that form the massive stars. During stellar formation circumstellar disks appear to be nearly ubiquitous. Their large radii compared to stellar sizes increase the interaction radius significantly, suggesting that disk interactions with neighboring stars could assist in capturing binary companions. This mechanism has been studied for stars of approximately solar mass and found to be inefficient. In this paper we present simulations of interactions between a 22 Msun star-disk system and less massive impactors, to study the disk-assisted capture formation of binaries in a regime suited to massive stars. The formation of binaries by capture is found to be much more efficient for massive capturers. We discuss the effects of a mass dependent velocity dispersion and mass segregation on the capture rates, and consider the long term survival of the resultant binaries in a dense cluster.

Nickolas Moeckel; John Bally

2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

273

Data Protection Policy Page 1 DATA PROTECTION POLICY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Protection Policy Page 1 DATA PROTECTION POLICY POLICY STATEMENT The University intends to fully comply with all requirements of the Data Protection Act 1998 (,,Act) in so far as it affects the Universitys activities. SCOPE This Data Protection Policy: Covers the processing of all personal information

Greenlees, John

274

Biological shield design and analysis of KIPT accelerator-driven subcritical facility.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory of the United States and Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology of Ukraine have been collaborating on the conceptual design development of an electron accelerator-driven subcritical facility. The facility will be utilized for performing basic and applied nuclear research, producing medical isotopes, and training young nuclear specialists. This paper presents the design and analyses of the biological shield performed for the top section of the facility. The neutron source driving the subcritical assembly is generated from the interaction of a 100-kW electron beam with a natural uranium target. The electron energy is in the range of 100 to 200 MeV, and it has a uniform spatial distribution. The shield design and the associated analyses are presented including different parametric studies. In the analyses, a significant effort was dedicated to the accurate prediction of the radiation dose outside the shield boundary as a function of the shield thickness without geometrical approximations or material homogenization. The MCNPX Monte Carlo code was utilized for the transport calculation of electrons, photons, and neutrons. Weight window variance-reduction techniques were introduced, and the dose equivalent outside the shield can be calculated with reasonably good statistics.

Zhong, Z.; Gohar, Y.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Safety analysis report for the National Low-Temperature Neutron Irradiation Facility (NLTNIF) at the ORNL Bulk Shielding Reactor (BSR)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides information concerning: the experiment facility; experiment assembly; instrumentation and controls; materials; radioactivity; shielding; thermodynamics; estimated or measured reactivity effects; procedures; hazards; and quality assurance. (JDB)

Coltman, R.R. Jr.; Kerchner, H.R.; Klabunde, C.E.; Richardson, S.A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Liquid Metal Reactor Program: JASPER US/DOE/PNC Shielding Research Program : Technical progress report, April 1-May 31, 1987  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This progress report details activities on the JASPER Shielding Program for the time period of April 1, 1987 through May 31, 1987.

Ingersoll, D.T.; Engle, W.W.; Muckenthaler, F.J.; Slater, C.O.

1987-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

277

Mossbauer Spectroscopic Study of Gamma Irradiation on the Structural Properties of Hematite, Magnetite and Limonite Concrete for Nuclear Reactor Shielding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work investigate the effect of gamma irradiation on a heavy type of concrete, constructed for nuclear reactor shield. The effect of gamma irradiation was...

N.A. Eissa; M.S.I. Kany; A.S. Mohamed; A.A. Sallam; M.H. El Fouly

278

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

076 Federal Register 076 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 250 / Monday, December 31, 2012 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [ER-FRL-9006-8] Notice of Intent: Designation of an Expanded Ocean Dredged Material Disposal Site (ODMDS) off Charleston, South Carolina AGENCY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Region 4. ACTION: Notice of Intent to prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA) for the designation of an expanded ODMDS off Charleston, South Carolina. Purpose: EPA has the authority to designate ODMDSs under Section 102 of the Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (33 U.S.C. 1401 et seq.). It is EPA's policy to prepare a National Environmental Policy Document for all ODMDS designations (63 FR 58045, October 1998). FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, TO

279

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

22 Federal Register 22 Federal Register / Vol. 75, No. 103 / Friday, May 28, 2010 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [FRL-9156-1] Office of Research and Development; Ambient Air Monitoring Reference and Equivalent Methods: Designation of One New Equivalent Method AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION: Notice of the designation of one new equivalent method for monitoring ambient air quality. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has designated, in accordance with 40 CFR Part 53, one new equivalent method for measuring concentrations of lead (Pb) in total suspended particulate matter (TSP) in the ambient air. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Surender Kaushik, Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division (MD-D205-03), National Exposure

280

Microscope collision protection apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A microscope collision protection apparatus for a remote control microscope which protects the optical and associated components from damage in the event of an uncontrolled collision with a specimen, regardless of the specimen size or shape. In a preferred embodiment, the apparatus includes a counterbalanced slide for mounting the microscope's optical components. This slide replaces the rigid mounts on conventional upright microscopes with a precision ball bearing slide. As the specimen contacts an optical component, the contacting force will move the slide and the optical components mounted thereon. This movement will protect the optical and associated components from damage as the movement causes a limit switch to be actuated, thereby stopping all motors responsible for the collision.

DeNure, Charles R. (Pocatello, ID)

2001-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

River Protection.PDF  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

cc: cc: DOE/IG-0506 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS I N S P E C T I O N O F SELECTED ASPECTS OF THE OFFICE OF RIVER PROTECTION PERFORMANCE-BASED INCENTIVE PROGRAM JUNE 2001 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 June 14, 2001 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Report on "Inspection of Selected Aspects of the Office of River Protection Performance-Based Incentive Program" BACKGROUND The Office of River Protection (ORP), which reports to the Office of Environmental Management, is responsible for remediation of the radioactive waste stored in tanks at the Hanford Site in the State of Washington. For Fiscal Year (FY) 2000, ORP established 26 performance-based contract

282

Factsheet Overview The Savannah River National Laboratory's Shielded Cells Facility gives the  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Overview Overview The Savannah River National Laboratory's Shielded Cells Facility gives the laboratory the ability to safely work with a wide variety of highly radioactive samples and items in support of various research and development initiatives. Skilled operators, standing safely outside the cells, use manipulator arms to perform work inside the cells. The facility consists of sixteen 6-foot by 6-foot work stations or cells with the following features: The exterior walls of the facility are made of 3-foot-thick high-density * concrete with a 1/8-inch thick stainless steel liner. Each cell has a 3' x3' shielding window. Shielding windows are 3-foot thick * leaded glass, filled with mineral oil for optimal viewing capabilities.

283

ANL/APS/TB-21 Radiation Shielding of Insertion Device Beamlines  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Radiation Shielding of Insertion Device Beamlines Using a Mirror as the First Optical Element W. Yun, B. Lai, K. J. Randall, S. Davey, D. R. Haeffner, P. K. Job, and D. Shu February 1995 Abstract The radiation shielding for an Advanced Photon Source (APS) insertion device beamline using a mirror as the first optical component is discussed. The beamline layout for a specific Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation Collaborative Access Team beamline (sector 2 of SRI CAT) is described, and the methodology used to determine the radiation shielding is presented. Results indicate that, by using a x-ray mirror with a critical energy of 32 keV for total reflection, an undulator beam containing nearly all x-rays in the 0 - 32 keV spectral range can be delivered

284

A large-scale magnetic shield with 10^6 damping at milli-Hertz frequencies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A magnetically shielded environment with a damping factor larger than one million at the milli-Hertz frequency regime and an extremely low field and gradient over an extended volume is presented. This extraordinary shielding perfomance is to our knowledge unprecedented and represents an improvement of the state of the art in damping the difficult regime of very low-frequency distortions by more than an order of magnitude. Thus, a new generation of high precision measurements in fundamental physics and metrology is enabled with this technology, particularly suitable to find traces of new physics far beyond the reach of accelerator based physics. The technical realization of the shield with its improvements in design is discussed.

Altarev, I; Beck, D H; Chupp, T; Fierlinger, K; Fierlinger, P; Kuchler, F; Lins, T; Marino, M G; Niessen, B; Petzoldt, G; Singh, J T; Schläpfer, U; Schnabel, A; Stoepler, R; Stuiber, S; Strum, M; Taubenheim, B; Voigt, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Environmental Protection Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Site Details Site Details EPD Home Staff List (pdf) Org Chart (pdf) Compliance / Permits Programs Other Information Land Use & Institutional Controls Mapping Site Environmental Reports Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) Spill Response BNL Site Index Can't View PDFs? Developing Environmental Products and Services for Brookhaven Stakeholders The Environmental Protection Division (EPD) develops and delivers environmental products and services for all Brookhaven stakeholders. We manage environmental programs such as pollution prevention, groundwater protection, and natural resource management; provide technical assistance on environmental requirements; maintain the Laboratory's IS0 14001-registered Environmental Management System; prepare environmental permit applications; conduct environmental monitoring; manage data

286

Protection Program Operations  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The Order establishes requirements for the management and operation of the DOE Federal Protective Forces (FPF), Contractor Protective Forces (CPF), and the Physical Security of property and personnel under the cognizance of DOE. Cancels DOE M 470.4-2A, DOE M 470.4-3A, and DOE M 470.4-8. Appendix C Safeguards and Security Alarm Management and Control Systems, of DOE M 470.4-2A, is retained and incorporated into this Order as Attachment 3, Annex 1.

2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

287

Substation fire protection features  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes Commonwealth Edison`s (ComEd) approach to substation fire protection. Substation fires can have a major operational, financial, as well as political impact on a utility. The overall Company philosophy encompasses both active and passive fire protection features to provide prompt detection, notification, and confinement of fire and its by-products. Conservatively designed smoke detection systems and floor and wall penetration seals form the backbone of this strategy. The Company has implemented a program to install these features in new and existing substations. Thus far these measures have been successful in mitigating the consequences of substation fires.

Hausheer, T.G. [Commonwealth Edison Co., Chicago, IL (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Environmental protection implementation plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Environmental Protection Implementation Plan is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. This document states SNL/California`s commitment to conduct its operations in an environmentally safe and responsible manner. The Environmental Protection Implementation Plan helps management and staff comply with applicable environmental responsibilities. SNL is committed to operating in full compliance with the letter and spirit of applicable environmental laws, regulations, and standards. Furthermore, SNL/California strives to go beyond compliance with legal requirements by making every effort practical to reduce impacts to the environment to levels as low as reasonably achievable.

Holland, R.C.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Environmental Protection Implementation Plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Environmental Protection Implementation Plan is intended to ensure that the environmental program objectives of Department of Energy Order 5400.1 are achieved at SNL/California. This document states SNL/California`s commitment to conduct its operations in an environmentally safe and responsible manner. The Environmental Protection Implementation Plan helps management and staff comply with applicable environmental responsibilities. This report focuses on the following: notification of environmental occurrences; general planning and reporting; special programs and plans; environmental monitoring program; and quality assurance and data verification.

Brekke, D.D.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Thermocouple protection systems for longer service life in slagging gasifier environments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To ensure reliable and efficient operation, gasifier operators would like to be able to continuously monitor system temperature. In many slagging gasifiers, temperature measurement is accomplished by several thermocouples embedded at various locations in the gasifier wall. Unfortunately, these thermocouple devices are very susceptible to early failure, either as the result of mechanical stresses or exposure to the harsh slagging environment, making long-term continuous temperature monitoring difficult. At the Albany Research Center, we are developing strategies to improve the ceramic protection assembly that is used to shield the thermocouple wires from direct exposure to the gasifier atmosphere. In this talk we will describe this multi-component ceramic protection system and present test results, which indicate that, the protection system should provide longer device service life in slagging gasifier environments.

Kwong, Kyei-Sing; Chinn, Richard E.; Iverson, Larissa A.; Bennett, James P.; Dogan, Cynthia P.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Epoxy-borax-coal tar composition for a radiation protective, burn resistant drum liner and centrifugal casting method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A boron containing burn resistant, low level radiation protection material useful, for example, as a liner for radioactive waste disposal and storage, a component for neutron absorber, and a shield for a neutron source. The material is basically composed of Borax in the range of 25-50%, coal tar in the range of 25-37.5%, with the remainder being an epoxy resin mix. A preferred composition is 50% Borax, 25% coal tar and 25% epoxy resin. The material is not susceptible to burning and is about 1/5 the cost of existing radiation protection material utilized in similar applications.

Taylor, Robert S. (Livermore, CA); Boyer, Norman W. (Livermore, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Multidimensional shielding analysis of the JASPER in-vessel fuel storage experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The In-Vessel Fuel Storage (IVFS) experiments analyzed in this report were conducted at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory`s Tower Shielding Reactor (TSR) as part of the Japanese-American Shielding Program for Experimental Research (JASPER). These IVFS experiments were designed to study source multiplication and three-dimensional effects related to in-vessel storage of spent fuel elements in liquid metal reactor (LMR) systems. The present report describes the 2-D and 3-D models, analyses, and calculated results corresponding to a limited subset of those IVFS experiments in which the US LMR program has a particular interest.

Bucholz, J.A.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Oxy-nitroso shielding burst model of cold atmospheric plasma therapeutics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is postulated that cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) can trigger a therapeutic shielding response in tissue by creating a time- and space-localized, burst-like form of oxy-nitrosative stress on near-surface exposed cells through the flux of plasma-generated reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). RONS-exposed surface layers of cells communicate to the deeper levels of tissue via a form of the ‘bystander effect,’ similar to responses to other forms of cell stress. In this proposed model of CAP therapeutics, the plasma stimulates a cellular survival mechanism through which aerobic organisms shield themselves from infection and other challenges.

David B Graves

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Evaluation of the effectiveness of shielding and filtering of HVDC converter stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by the periodic turn-on and turn-off of the valves is an important consideration in the design of HVDC converter stations. Remedial measures such as shielding the valve hall and filtering have been used in order to reduce the interference levels to acceptable values. The application of recently-developed Numerical Electromagnetic Code (NEC) to the problem of EMI from HVDC converter stations is investigated in this paper, with particular emphasis on evaluating the effectiveness of valve hall shielding and filtering.

Dallaire, R.D.; Maruvada, P.S.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Graphite-ceramic rf Faraday-thermal shield and plasma limiter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention is directed to a brazing procedure for joining a ceramic or glass material (e.g., Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ or Macor) to graphite. In particular, the present invention is directed to a novel brazing procedure for the production of a brazed ceramic graphite product useful as a Faraday shield. The brazed ceramic graphite Faraday shield of the present invention may be used in Magnetic Fusion Devices (e.g., Princeton Large Torus Tokamak) or other high temperature resistant apparatus.

Hwang, D.L.Q.; Hosea, J.C.

1983-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

296

Nucleonic analysis of a preliminary design for the ETF neutral-beam-injector duct shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A nucleonic analysis of the Engineering Test Facility Neutral-Beam-Injector duct shielding has been made using a hybrid Monte Carlo/discrete-ordinates method. This method used Monte Carlo to determine internal and external boundary surface sources for a subsequent discrete-ordinates calculation of the neutron and gamma-ray transport through the shield. The analysis also included determination of the energy and angular distribution of neutrons and gamma rays entering the duct from the torus plasma chamber. Confidence in the hybrid method and the results obtained were provided through a comparison with three-dimensional Monte Carlo results.

Urban, W.T.; Seed, T.J.; Dudziak, D.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Who Protects My Trust?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......they trust to protect their interests? The eBay points model of trust works and users understand that. We need something...behavioural advertising. It is claimed they are able to predict flu outbreaks and even know when a woman is pregnant before she does......

Rick Chandler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

United States Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Public Health and Environmental Radiation Protection Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (40 CFR Part 197)--Final Rule Response to Comments Document #12;Yucca Mountain Standards Response to Comments Standards for Yucca Mountain, Nevada 40 CFR Part 197 June, 2001 Office of Radiation and Indoor Air U

299

Armored garment for protecting  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A lightweight, armored protective garment for protecting an arm or leg from blast superheated gases, blast overpressure shock, shrapnel, and spall from a explosive device, such as a Rocket Propelled Grenade (RPG) or a roadside Improvised Explosive Device (IED). The garment has a ballistic sleeve made of a ballistic fabric, such as an aramid fiber (e.g., KEVLAR.RTM.) cloth, that prevents thermal burns from the blast superheated gases, while providing some protection from fragments. Additionally, the garment has two or more rigid armor inserts that cover the upper and lower arm and protect against high-velocity projectiles, shrapnel and spall. The rigid inserts can be made of multiple plies of a carbon/epoxy composite laminate. The combination of 6 layers of KEVLAR.RTM. fabric and 28 plies of carbon/epoxy laminate inserts (with the inserts being sandwiched in-between the KEVLAR.RTM. layers), can meet the level IIIA fragmentation minimum V.sub.50 requirements for the US Interceptor Outer Tactical Vest.

Purvis, James W. (Albuquerque, NM); Jones, II, Jack F. (Albuquerque, NM); Whinery, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Brazfield, Richard (Albuquerque, NM); Lawrie, Catherine (Tijeras, NM); Lawrie, David (Tijeras, NM); Preece, Dale S. (Watkins, CO)

2009-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

300

Protective Force Program  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes policy, requirements, responsibilities, and authorities, for the management and operation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Protective Force (PF) Program. Extended until 7-7-06 by DOE N 251.64, dated 7-7-05 Cancels: DOE 5632.7A

2000-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

United States Environmental Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

quality in public water systems; remediation of contaminated sites, sediments and ground water; preventionUnited States Environmental Protection Agency Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry/R-02/008 January 2002 Hydrogeologic Framework, Ground-Water Geochemistry, and Assessment of Nitrogen

302

Contractor Protective Force  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Manual establishes requirements for the management and operation of the U.S. Department of Energy contractor protective forces. Cancels: DOE M 470.4-3 Chg 1, CRD (Attachment 2) only, except for Section C. Canceled by DOE O 473.3.

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

303

Shielding analysis and design of the KIPT experimental neutron source facility of Ukraine.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of USA and Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology (KIPT) of Ukraine have been collaborating on the conceptual design development of an experimental neutron source facility based on the use of an electron accelerator driven subcritical (ADS) facility [1]. The facility uses the existing electron accelerators of KIPT in Ukraine. The neutron source of the sub-critical assembly is generated from the interaction of 100 KW electron beam with a natural uranium target. The electron beam has a uniform spatial distribution and the electron energy in the range of 100 to 200 MeV, [2]. The main functions of the facility are the production of medical isotopes and the support of the Ukraine nuclear power industry. Reactor physics experiments and material performance characterization will also be carried out. The subcritical assembly is driven by neutrons generated by the electron beam interactions with the target material. A fraction of these neutrons has an energy above 50 MeV generated through the photo nuclear interactions. This neutron fraction is very small and it has an insignificant contribution to the subcritical assembly performance. However, these high energy neutrons are difficult to shield and they can be slowed down only through the inelastic scattering with heavy isotopes. Therefore the shielding design of this facility is more challenging relative to fission reactors. To attenuate these high energy neutrons, heavy metals (tungsten, iron, etc.) should be used. To reduce the construction cost, heavy concrete with 4.8 g/cm{sup 3} density is selected as a shielding material. The iron weight fraction in this concrete is about 0.6. The shape and thickness of the heavy concrete shield are defined to reduce the biological dose equivalent outside the shield to an acceptable level during operation. At the same time, special attention was give to reduce the total shield mass to reduce the construction cost. The shield design is configured to maintain the biological dose equivalent during operation {le} 0.5 mrem/h inside the subcritical hall, which is five times less than the allowable dose for working forty hours per week for 50 weeks per year. This study analyzed and designed the thickness and the shape of the radial and top shields of the neutron source based on the biological dose equivalent requirements inside the subcritical hall during operation. The Monte Carlo code MCNPX is selected because of its capabilities for transporting electrons, photons, and neutrons. Mesh based weight windows variance reduction technique is utilized to estimate the biological dose outside the shield with good statistics. A significant effort dedicated to the accurate prediction of the biological dose equivalent outside the shield boundary as a function of the shield thickness without geometrical approximations or material homogenization. The building wall was designed with ordinary concrete to reduce the biological dose equivalent to the public with a safety factor in the range of 5 to 20.

Zhong, Z.; Gohar, M. Y. A.; Naberezhnev, D.; Duo, J.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2008-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

304

Ball State building massive geothermal system | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ball State building massive geothermal system Ball State building massive geothermal system Ball State building massive geothermal system March 19, 2010 - 5:47pm Addthis Workers drill boreholes for a geothermal heating and cooling system at Ball State University’s campus in Muncie, Ind. | Photo courtesy of Ball State University Workers drill boreholes for a geothermal heating and cooling system at Ball State University's campus in Muncie, Ind. | Photo courtesy of Ball State University Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Ball State University is building America's largest ground source district geothermal heating and cooling system. The new operation will save the school millions of dollars, slash greenhouse gases and create jobs. The project will also "expand how America will define the use of

305

Ball State building massive geothermal system | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ball State building massive geothermal system Ball State building massive geothermal system Ball State building massive geothermal system March 19, 2010 - 5:47pm Addthis Workers drill boreholes for a geothermal heating and cooling system at Ball State University’s campus in Muncie, Ind. | Photo courtesy of Ball State University Workers drill boreholes for a geothermal heating and cooling system at Ball State University's campus in Muncie, Ind. | Photo courtesy of Ball State University Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Ball State University is building America's largest ground source district geothermal heating and cooling system. The new operation will save the school millions of dollars, slash greenhouse gases and create jobs. The project will also "expand how America will define the use of

306

Massive Soil Cleanup Effort Concludes at Hanford - Recovery Act Funding  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Massive Soil Cleanup Effort Concludes at Hanford - Recovery Act Massive Soil Cleanup Effort Concludes at Hanford - Recovery Act Funding Pays for Safe Disposal of 20,000 Truckloads of Soil Massive Soil Cleanup Effort Concludes at Hanford - Recovery Act Funding Pays for Safe Disposal of 20,000 Truckloads of Soil August 11, 2011 - 12:00pm Addthis Media Contacts Andre Armstrong, CH2M HILL Andre_L_Armstrong@rl.gov 509-376-6773 Geoff Tyree, DOE Geoffrey.Tyree@rl.doe.gov 509-376-4171 RICHLAND, Wash. - U.S. Department of Energy contractor CH2M HILL Plateau Remediation Company removed nearly half a million tons of contaminated soil over the last two years using American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding at the Hanford Site in southeast Washington State. Workers shipped more than 20,000 truckloads of contaminated soil excavated

307

Massive spin-2 particle from a rank-2 tensor  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we obtain all possible second-order theories for a rank-2 tensor which describe a massive spin-2 particle. We start with a general second-order Lagrangian with ten real parameters. The absence of lower-spin modes and the existence of two local field redefinitions leads us to only one free parameter. The solutions are split into three one-parameter classes according to the local symmetries of the massless limit. In the class which contains the usual massive Fierz-Pauli theory, the subset of spin-1 massless symmetries is maximal. In another class where the subset of spin-0 symmetries is maximal, the massless theory is invariant under Weyl transformations and the mass term does not need to fit into the form of the Fierz-Pauli mass term. In the remaining third class neither the spin-1 nor the spin-0 symmetry is maximal and we have a new family of spin-2 massive theories.

D. Dalmazi

2013-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

308

Massive Stars in Colliding Wind Systems: the GLAST Perspective  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Colliding winds of massive stars in binary systems are considered as candidate sites of high-energy non-thermal photon emission. They are already among the suggested counterparts for a few individual unidentified EGRET sources, but may constitute a detectable source population for the GLAST observatory. The present work investigates such population study of massive colliding wind systems at high-energy gamma-rays. Based on the recent detailed model (Reimer et al. 2006) for non-thermal photon production in prime candidate systems, we unveil the expected characteristics of this source class in the observables accessible at LAT energies. Combining the broadband emission model with the presently cataloged distribution of such systems and their individual parameters allows us to conclude on the expected maximum number of LAT-detections among massive stars in colliding wind binary systems.

Reimer, Anita; Reimer, Olaf; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

309

Massive Black Hole Science with eLISA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The evolving Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA) will revolutionize our understanding of the formation and evolution of massive black holes along cosmic history by probing massive black hole binaries in the $10^3-10^7$ solar mass range out to redshift $z\\gtrsim 10$. High signal-to-noise ratio detections of $\\sim 10-100$ binary coalescences per year will allow accurate measurements of the parameters of individual binaries (such as their masses, spins and luminosity distance), and a deep understanding of the underlying cosmic massive black hole parent population. This wealth of unprecedented information can lead to breakthroughs in many areas of physics, including astrophysics, cosmology and fundamental physics. We review the current status of the field, recent progress and future challenges.

Enrico Barausse; Jillian Bellovary; Emanuele Berti; Kelly Holley-Bockelmann; Brian Farris; Bangalore Sathyaprakash; Alberto Sesana

2015-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

310

Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the ArabianNubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt: evidence from fission track  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Phanerozoic tectonothermal history of the Arabian­Nubian shield in the Eastern Desert of Egypt were performed in the Eastern Desert of Egypt. The results provide insights into the processes driving reserved. Keywords: Phanerozoic; Fission track thermochronology; Palaeostress; Arabian­Nubien shield; Egypt

Fritz, Harald

311

THE PAIR FRACTION OF MASSIVE GALAXIES AT 0 {<=} z {<=} 3  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using a mass-selected (M{sub *} {>=} 10{sup 11} M{sub Sun }) sample of 198 galaxies at 0 {<=} z {<=} 3.0 with Hubble Space Telescope/NICMOS H{sub 160}-band images from the COSMOS survey, we find evidence for the evolution of the pair fraction above z {approx} 2, an epoch in which massive galaxies are believed to undergo significant structural and mass evolution. We observe that the pair fraction of massive galaxies is 0.15 {+-} 0.08 at 1.7 {<=}z {<=} 3.0, where galaxy pairs are defined as massive galaxies having a companion of flux ratio from 1:1 to 1:4 within a projected separation of 30 kpc. This is slightly lower but still consistent with the pair fraction measured previously in other studies, and the merger fraction predicted in halo-occupation modeling. The redshift evolution of the pair fraction is described by a power law F(z) = (0.07 {+-} 0.04) Multiplication-Sign (1 + z){sup 0.6{+-}0.5}. The merger rate is consistent with no redshift evolution; however it is difficult to constrain due to the limited sample size and the high uncertainties in the merging timescale. Based on the merger rate calculation, we estimate that a massive galaxy undergoes on average 1.1 {+-} 0.5 major mergers from z = 3 to 0. The observed merger fraction is sufficient to explain the number density evolution of massive galaxies, but insufficient to explain the size evolution. This is a hint that mechanism(s) other than major merging may be required to increase the sizes of the massive, compact quiescent galaxies from z {approx} 2 to 0.

Man, Allison W. S.; Toft, Sune; Zirm, Andrew W. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Wuyts, Stijn [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching bei Muenchen (Germany); Van der Wel, Arjen, E-mail: allison@dark-cosmology.dk, E-mail: sune@dark-cosmology.dk, E-mail: azirm@dark-cosmology.dk, E-mail: swuyts@mpe.mpg.de, E-mail: vdwel@mpia.de [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Heidelberg (Germany)

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

Environmental Protection, Safety, and Health Protection Program for DOE Operations  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

This Order establishes the Environmental Protection, Safety. and Health Protection Program for Department of Energy (DOE) operations. Cancels DOE 5480.1, dated 5-5-1980, its chapters are not canceled. Canceled by DOE O 5480.1B

1981-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

313

One-loop divergences in massive gravity theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The one-loop divergences are calculated for the recently proposed ghost-free version of massive gravity, where the action depends on both metric and external tensor field f. The non-polynomial structure of the massive term is reduced to a more standard form by means of auxiliary tensor field, which is settled on-shell after quantum calculations are performed. As one should expect, the counterterms do not reproduce the form of the classical action. Moreover, the result has the form of the power series in f.

Ioseph L. Buchbinder; Dante D. Pereira; Ilya L. Shapiro

2012-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy momentum flows for the massive vector field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a causal trajectory interpretation for the massive vector field, based on the flows of rest energy and a conserved density defined using the time-like eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the stress-energy-momentum tensor. This work extends our previous work which used a similar procedure for the scalar field. The massive, spin-one, complex vector field is discussed in detail and solutions are classified using the Pauli-Lubanski spin vector. The flows of energy-momentum are illustrated in a simple example of standing waves in a plane.

George Horton; Chris Dewdney

2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

315

On Solutions of Minimal Massive 3D Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We look at solutions of Minimal Massive Gravity (MMG), a generalisation of Topologically Massive Gravity (TMG) that improves upon its holographic properties. It is shown that generically (in MMG parameter space) all conformally flat solutions of vacuum MMG are locally isometric to one of the two (A)dS vacua of the theory. We then couple a scalar field, and find that domain wall solutions can only interpolate between these two vacua precisely when the bulk graviton is tachyonic. Finally, we find a non-BTZ AdS black hole solution satisfying Brown-Henneaux boundary conditions, which lies within the "bulk/ boundary unitarity region".

Arvanitakis, Alex S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Modeling the Action of Protons and Heavier Ions in Biological Targets: Nuclear Interactions in Hadrontherapy and Space Radiation Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Tumor treatment with protons and Carbon ions can allow for a better optimization of Tumor Control Probability and Normal Tissue Complication Probability especially for radio?resistant tumors. Exposure to protons and heavier ions is also of concern for manned space missions such as future travels to the Moon and Mars. Nuclear reactions with the human body constituents the beam line components (for hadrontherapy) and the spacecraft walls and shielding (for space radiation protection) can significantly modify the characteristics of the primary radiation field and thus the dose distributions in the various target tissues. In this context the FLUKA Monte Carlo transport code integrated with radiobiological data and coupled with anthropomorphic phantoms was applied to the characterization of therapeutic proton beams and the calculation of space radiation organ doses with focus on the role of nuclear interactions. Besides absorbed and equivalent doses distributions of “biological” dose (modeled as the average number of DNA clustered lesions per cell induced in a given organ or tissue) were calculated as well. Concerning space radiation protection exposure to Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) and Solar Particle Events (SPE) under different shielding conditions was simulated. Both for hadrontherapy and for space radiation exposure nuclear reaction products were found to play a more important role for the equivalent and “biological” dose than for the absorbed dose. Furthermore while for SPEs the doses (both absorbed and equivalent/“biological”) decreased dramatically by increasing the shield thickness the GCR doses showed a slight shielding dependence. Overall these examples of application of FLUKA to radiotherapy and radiation protection problems emphasized the need of further models and data typically double?differential cross sections for nucleus?nucleus interactions at energies below a few hundred MeV/n.

F. Ballarini; G. Battistoni; F. Cerutti; E. Gadioli; M. V. Garzelli; A. Ottolenghi; V. Parini; M. Pelliccioni; P. Sala; D. Scannicchio

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print One way to test models of the solar system's formation is to compare the isotopic abundances of the elements found in its constituent bodies. A case in point is oxygen with three stable isotopes dominated by oxygen-16, with minute fractions of oxygen-17 and oxygen-18. Primitive objects whose formation predates the Earth's, such as the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende meteorite, have relatively lower fractions of the two heavier isotopes than does the Earth's crust. Among the numerous explanations that have been proposed is the notion that chemical processes within the early solar nebula gave rise to the oxygen ratios, a leading candidate being a process called isotope self-shielding. But researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and Berkeley Lab have now shown that photodissociation of carbon monoxide (CO) caused by vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) light from the early sun could generate reservoirs of the heavier isotopes in the solar nebula without the help of self-shielding.

318

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print One way to test models of the solar system's formation is to compare the isotopic abundances of the elements found in its constituent bodies. A case in point is oxygen with three stable isotopes dominated by oxygen-16, with minute fractions of oxygen-17 and oxygen-18. Primitive objects whose formation predates the Earth's, such as the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende meteorite, have relatively lower fractions of the two heavier isotopes than does the Earth's crust. Among the numerous explanations that have been proposed is the notion that chemical processes within the early solar nebula gave rise to the oxygen ratios, a leading candidate being a process called isotope self-shielding. But researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and Berkeley Lab have now shown that photodissociation of carbon monoxide (CO) caused by vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) light from the early sun could generate reservoirs of the heavier isotopes in the solar nebula without the help of self-shielding.

319

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Test of Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print Wednesday, 25 March 2009 00:00 One way to test models of the solar system's formation is to compare the isotopic abundances of the elements found in its constituent bodies. A case in point is oxygen with three stable isotopes dominated by oxygen-16, with minute fractions of oxygen-17 and oxygen-18. Primitive objects whose formation predates the Earth's, such as the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende meteorite, have relatively lower fractions of the two heavier isotopes than does the Earth's crust. Among the numerous explanations that have been proposed is the notion that chemical processes within the early solar nebula gave rise to the oxygen ratios, a leading candidate being a process called isotope self-shielding. But researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and Berkeley Lab have now shown that photodissociation of carbon monoxide (CO) caused by vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) light from the early sun could generate reservoirs of the heavier isotopes in the solar nebula without the help of self-shielding.

320

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print One way to test models of the solar system's formation is to compare the isotopic abundances of the elements found in its constituent bodies. A case in point is oxygen with three stable isotopes dominated by oxygen-16, with minute fractions of oxygen-17 and oxygen-18. Primitive objects whose formation predates the Earth's, such as the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende meteorite, have relatively lower fractions of the two heavier isotopes than does the Earth's crust. Among the numerous explanations that have been proposed is the notion that chemical processes within the early solar nebula gave rise to the oxygen ratios, a leading candidate being a process called isotope self-shielding. But researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and Berkeley Lab have now shown that photodissociation of carbon monoxide (CO) caused by vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) light from the early sun could generate reservoirs of the heavier isotopes in the solar nebula without the help of self-shielding.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print Experimental Test of Self-Shielding in VUV Photodissociation of CO Print One way to test models of the solar system's formation is to compare the isotopic abundances of the elements found in its constituent bodies. A case in point is oxygen with three stable isotopes dominated by oxygen-16, with minute fractions of oxygen-17 and oxygen-18. Primitive objects whose formation predates the Earth's, such as the calcium-aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende meteorite, have relatively lower fractions of the two heavier isotopes than does the Earth's crust. Among the numerous explanations that have been proposed is the notion that chemical processes within the early solar nebula gave rise to the oxygen ratios, a leading candidate being a process called isotope self-shielding. But researchers at the University of California, San Diego, and Berkeley Lab have now shown that photodissociation of carbon monoxide (CO) caused by vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV) light from the early sun could generate reservoirs of the heavier isotopes in the solar nebula without the help of self-shielding.

322

SPACE WEATHER, VOL. ???, XXXX, DOI:10.1029/, Stormer Theory Applied to Magnetic Spacecraft Shielding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Shielding S. G. Shepherd1 and B. T. Kress2 Abstract. The existence of a toroidal region from which charged of a deployed su- perconducting coil is in error [c.f., Shepherd and Kress, 2007]. The authors of these studies

Shepherd, Simon

323

Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 15, 197215, 2009 MODELING OF SHIELDING COMPOSITE MATERIALS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Progress In Electromagnetics Research B, Vol. 15, 197­215, 2009 MODELING OF SHIELDING COMPOSITE B. Archambeault IBM Co. Research Triangle Park, NC, USA Abstract--Composites containing conducting structures are studied, with both absorbing and reflecting composite layers. In this paper, fiber

Koledintseva, Marina Y.

324

Nicole Hudson Sillerman Center Summer Internship at the Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Foundation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Foundation Reflection Paper As a result of the generosity of the Sillerman Center for the Advancement of Philanthropy, I had the privilege of interning at The Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts Foundation (the Foundation) during the summer of 2011. The Foundation was founded in 2001 with an endowment from Blue Cross

Snider, Barry B.

325

Stratigraphy of small shield volcanoes on Venus: Criteria for determining stratigraphic relationships and assessment of relative  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

than about 20 km, are common and sometimes very abundant features on the plains of Venus. Typically plains of Venus. Did the eruption style of small shields occur repeatedly throughout the visible part plains with wrinkle ridges. Fifteen fields ($11%) appear to be synchronous with regional plains

Head III, James William

326

The City of Vancouver's Approach to Electric Vehicles: Malcolm Shield, Climate Policy Manager  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' Drives, Community Events, EV Ambassadors #12;Thank-you! 10 10 Questions? #12;Electric Vehicles: Timeline1 The City of Vancouver's Approach to Electric Vehicles: 7 Pillars Malcolm Shield, Climate Policy. Integrated EV Charging and Cellular Infrastructure Trial 6 #12;5. CoV Fleet EVs 7 · First Mitsubishi Electric

California at Davis, University of

327

The trade experiment: shielding calculations for the building hosting the subcritical system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Italy), a pool reactor of 1 MW thermal...the feasibility analysis is played by radioprotection...to a traditional reactor owing to the presence...Utilisation and Reliability of High Power Proton...calculations in the reactor building. TRADE...Summary hazard analysis and shielding studies......

K. W. Burn; M. Carta; L. Casalini; Y. Kadi; S. Monti; E. Nava; M. Palomba; C. Petrovich; L. Picardi; C. Rubbia; F. Troiani

2005-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

328

Shielding Evaluation of Plutonium and Uranium Contents in 9975 Shipping Containers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shielding evaluations were performed in support of developing the Safety Analysis Report for Packagings (SARP) for the 9975 Shipping container. The objective of these evaluations was to demonstrate compliance with the performance requirements specified in federal regulations for each content envelope.

Vincent, A.

2003-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

329

Summary of Surface Swipe Sampling for Beryllium on Lead Bricks and Shielding  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Approximately 25,000 lbs of lead bricks at Site 300 were assessed by the Site 300 Industrial Hygienis tand Health Physicist for potential contamination of beryllium and radiation for reuse. These lead bricks and shielding had been used as shielding material during explosives tests that included beryllium and depleted uranium. Based on surface swipe sampling that was performed between July 26 and October 11, 2010, specifically for beryllium, the use of a spray encapsulant was found to be an effective means to limit removable surface contamination to levels below the DOE release limit for beryllium, which is 0.2 mcg/100 cm{sup 2}. All the surface swipe sampling data for beryllium and a timeline of when the samples were collected (and a brief description) are presented in this report. On December 15, 2010, the lead bricks and shielding were surveyed with an ion chamber and indicated dose rates less than 0.05 mrem per hour on contact. This represents a dose rate consistent with natural background. An additional suevey was performed on February 8, 2011, using a GM survey instrument to estimate total activity on the lead bricks and shielding, confirming safe levels of radioactivity. The vendor is licensed to possess and work with radioactive material.

Paik, S Y; Barron, D A

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

330

Submillimeter-resolution radiography of shielded structures with laser-accelerated electron beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Submillimeter-resolution radiography of shielded structures with laser-accelerated electron beams (Received 24 March 2010; published 14 October 2010) We investigate the use of energetic electron beams beam (with energy >100 MeV) was generated by the process of laser-wakefield acceleration through

Umstadter, Donald

331

ShieldGen: Automatic Data Patch Generation for Unknown Vulnerabilities with Informed Probing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ShieldGen: Automatic Data Patch Generation for Unknown Vulnerabilities with Informed Probing generating a data patch or a vulnerability signature for an unknown vulnerability, given a zero-day attack. In this paper, we aim to automate this process and enable fast, patch-level pro- tection generation

Locasto, Michael E.

332

Macroscopic erosion of plasma facing and nearby components during plasma instabilities: the droplet shielding phenomenon  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be extremely high. This can severely limit divertor system lifetime to only a few disruptions. Ablation is mass; Shielding; Lifetime; HEIGHTS package 1. Introduction During plasma disruptions, the power ¯ux reaching to the reduced radiation power for a reasonable disruption frequency. However, mass losses due to ablation can

Harilal, S. S.

333

Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi-Naeini, Jeff T. Hill, Sen Meenehan, and Oskar Painter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi://apl.aip.org/about/rights_and_permissions #12;Optimized optomechanical crystal cavity with acoustic radiation shield Jasper Chan, Amir H. Safavi

Painter, Oskar

334

Fire Protection Program: Summary  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Summary Summary Since May 1950, an Annual Fire Protection Program Summary has been submitted by DOE's fire protection community. Currently, this report is required by section 5a.(8) of DOE Order 231.1. "Environment, Safety and Health Reporting." In 1999, an automation initiative was undertaken to streamline data collection and provide a more through review of DOE Reporting Element activities. This action resulted in the delayed publications of the CY 1999 and 2000 reports until 2002. It is now possible however to view all Annual Summary Reporting Element responses since 1991 at the Site, Operations, Lead Program Secretarial Office and Headquarters levels. Additionally, a build-in reference to other DOE reporting activities (CAIRS and ORPS) is available that allows Reporting Elements and managers the opportunity to review all fire protection events along previously mentioned categories. Reports listed below were generated from this application. To obtain a copy of the Annual Summary Application please contact Jim Bisker in the Office of Nuclear and Facility Safety Policy (EH-53) at (301)903-6542 or Jim Bisker.

335

Radiation attenuation by lead and nonlead materials used in radiation shielding garments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The attenuating properties of several types of lead (Pb)-based and non-Pb radiation shielding materials were studied and a correlation was made of radiation attenuation, materials properties, calculated spectra and ambient dose equivalent. Utilizing the well-characterized x-ray and gamma ray beams at the National Research Council of Canada, air kerma measurements were used to compare a variety of commercial and pre-commercial radiation shielding materials over mean energy ranges from 39 to 205 keV. The EGSnrc Monte Carlo user code cavity.cpp was extended to provide computed spectra for a variety of elements that have been used as a replacement for Pb in radiation shielding garments. Computed air kerma values were compared with experimental values and with the SRS-30 catalogue of diagnostic spectra available through the Institute of Physics and Engineering in Medicine Report 78. In addition to garment materials, measurements also included pure Pb sheets, allowing direct comparisons to the common industry standards of 0.25 and 0.5 mm 'lead equivalent'. The parameter 'lead equivalent' is misleading, since photon attenuation properties for all materials (including Pb) vary significantly over the energy spectrum, with the largest variations occurring in the diagnostic imaging range. Furthermore, air kerma measurements are typically made to determine attenuation properties without reference to the measures of biological damage such as ambient dose equivalent, which also vary significantly with air kerma over the diagnostic imaging energy range. A single material or combination cannot provide optimum shielding for all energy ranges. However, appropriate choice of materials for a particular energy range can offer significantly improved shielding per unit mass over traditional Pb-based materials.

McCaffrey, J. P.; Shen, H.; Downton, B.; Mainegra-Hing, E. [Ionizing Radiation Standards, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0R6 (Canada)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

336

GROUNDWATER PROTECTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM DESCRIPTION.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ORDER 5400.1, GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PROGRAM, REQUIRES THE DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A GROUNDWATER PROTECTION PROGRAM. THE BNL GROUNDWATER PROTECTION MANAGEMENT PROGRAM DESCRIPTION PROVIDES AN OVERVIEW OF HOW THE LABORATORY ENSURES THAT PLANS FOR GROUNDWATER PROTECTION, MONITORING, AND RESTORATION ARE FULLY DEFINED, INTEGRATED, AND MANAGED IN A COST EFFECTIVE MANNER THAT IS CONSISTENT WITH FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL REGULATIONS.

PAQUETTE,D.E.; BENNETT,D.B.; DORSCH,W.R.; GOODE,G.A.; LEE,R.J.; KLAUS,K.; HOWE,R.F.; GEIGER,K.

2002-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

337

Massive Pellet and Rupture Disk Testing for Disruption Mitigation Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Injection of massive quantities of noble gases or D2 has proven to be effective at mitigating some of the deleterious effects of disruptions in tokamaks. Two alternative methods that might offer some advantages over the present technique for massive gas injection are shattering massive pellets and employing close-coupled rupture disks. Laboratory testing has been carried out to evaluate their feasibility. For the study of massive pellets, a pipe gun pellet injector cooled with a cryogenic refrigerator was fitted with a relatively large barrel (16.5 mm bore), and D2 and Ne pellets were made and were accelerated to speeds of ~600 and 300 m/s, respectively. Based on the successful proof-of-principle testing with the injector and a special double-impact target to shatter pellets, a similar system has been prepared and installed on DIII-D and should be ready for experiments later this year. To study the applicability of rupture disks for disruption mitigation, a simple test apparatus was assembled in the lab. Commercially available rupture disks of 1 in. nominal diameter were tested at conditions relevant for the application on tokamaks, including tests with Ar and He gases and rupture pressures of ~54 bar. Some technical and practical issues of implementing this technique on a tokamak are discussed.

Combs, Stephen Kirk [ORNL] [ORNL; Meitner, Steven J [ORNL] [ORNL; Baylor, Larry R [ORNL] [ORNL; Caughman, John B [ORNL] [ORNL; Commaux, Nicolas JC [ORNL] [ORNL; Fehling, Dan T [ORNL] [ORNL; Foust, Charles R [ORNL] [ORNL; Jernigan, Thomas C [ORNL] [ORNL; McGill, James M [ORNL] [ORNL; Parks, P. B. [General Atomics] [General Atomics; Rasmussen, David A [ORNL] [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

THE FORMATION AND EVOLUTION OF THE FIRST MASSIVE BLACK HOLES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@astron.berkeley.edu Abstract The first massive astrophysical black holes likely formed at high redshifts (z > 10 (Eddington) luminosity, and converts mass to radiation with an efficiency of = Mc2 /LEdd 10%) and using to link the evolution of quasars with that of dark matter halos condensing in a cold dark matter (CDM

Wurtele, Jonathan

339

Delusional Boot: Securing Cloud Hypervisors without Massive Re-engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Delusional Boot: Securing Cloud Hypervisors without Massive Re-engineering Anh Nguyen , Himanshu an obstacle: the boot process of many commodity OSes depends on legacy virtual devices absent from our hypervisor. Min-V introduces delusional boot, a mechanism that allows guest VMs run- ning commodity OSes

Hunt, Galen

340

X-ray Emission from Massive Stars David Cohen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

X-ray Emission from Massive Stars David Cohen Department of Physics and Astronomy Swarthmore University, Oct. 13, 2005 astro.swarthmore.edu/~cohen/ #12;Outline 1. What you need to know: a. X-rays from the Sun - magnetic activity, x-ray spectra b. Hot stars c. Radiation-driven winds and the Doppler shift d

Cohen, David

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Voluntary Protection Program Manuals | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Voluntary Protection Program Manuals Voluntary Protection Program Manuals Voluntary Protection Program Manual U.S. Department Of Energy Approval Memo Issuing Revised VPP Program...

342

Fire tests on defective tank-car thermal protection systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many railway tank-cars carrying hazardous materials are thermally protected from fire impingement by thermal insulation and a steel jacket applied to the outside of the tank-car shell. Over time, it is possible that the thermal insulation will sag, rip, degrade, or be crushed under the steel jacket. A thermographic technique to determine whether or not a tank has insulation deficiencies has been developed, but it is necessary to determine which thermal deficiencies do not affect a tank’s survivability in a fire and which thermal deficiencies must be repaired. In order to develop a guideline in assessing thermal defects, a thermal model and experimental data would be beneficial. A series of fire tests were performed on a quarter-section tank-car mock-up to assist in developing a guideline and to provide validation data for a thermal model. Twelve fire tests, with constant, credible, simulated pool fire conditions, were performed on the tank-car mock-up with various insulation deficiencies. An infrared thermal imaging camera was used to measure the tank wall temperature. The thermal images were useful in determining the temperature profiles across the defects at different times and the transient temperature behaviour at different locations. It was seen that the properly installed thermal protection system significantly reduced the heat transfer from the fire to the tank wall. It was also seen that the steel jacket alone (i.e. 100% defect) acted as a radiation shield and provided a significant level of protection. With small defects, it was observed that the surrounding protected material provided a cooling effect by thermal conduction. A square defect greater than about 40 cm on each side should be considered significant, because unlike smaller defects, there is little benefit from the surrounding material as far as the peak defect temperature is concerned.

J.D.J VanderSteen; A.M Birk

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Massive Hydraulic Fracture of Fenton Hill HDR Well EE-3 | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massive Hydraulic Fracture of Fenton Hill HDR Well EE-3 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Massive Hydraulic Fracture of Fenton Hill HDR...

344

Designing radiation protection signs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Entry into hazardous areas without the proper protective equipment is extremely dangerous and must be prevented whenever possible. Current postings of radiological hazards at the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS) do not incorporate recent findings concerning effective warning presentation. Warning information should be highly visible, quickly, and easily understood. While continuing to comply with industry standards (e.g., Department of Energy (DOE) guidelines), these findings can be incorporated into existing radiological sign design, making them more effective in terms of usability and compliance. Suggestions are provided for designing more effective postings within stated guidelines.

Rodriguez, M.A.; Richey, C.L.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Income Protection (IP) Insurance  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the daily futures market closing prices for the insured crop prior to the sales closing date and during harvest. IP uses the Group Risk Plan?s (GRP) county yield index to adjust IP premium rates. The insurance is provided for an enter- prise unit... equals 27.5 percent of the approved yield times 100 percent of the projected price. An insured?s total guaranteed dollar amount of protection is the net acres of the insured crop (acres times share) in the county multiplied by the IP dollar guaran- tee...

Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

1999-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

346

Cloud Futures Workshop 2010 Cloud Computing Support for Massively Social Gaming Alexandru Iosup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Cloud Futures Workshop 2010 ­ Cloud Computing Support for Massively Social Gaming Alexandru Iosup Pierre (Vrije U.). Cloud Computing Support for Massively Social Gaming (Rain for the Thirsty) #12;Cloud Futures Workshop 2010 ­ Cloud Computing Support for Massively Social Gaming 2 Intermezzo: Tips on how

Iosup, Alexandru

347

Design of Transport Casks with Depleted Uranium Gamma Shield and Advanced Safety  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Transport Casks with Depleted Uranium Gamma Shield and Advanced Safety Transport Casks with Depleted Uranium Gamma Shield and Advanced Safety Matveev V.Z., Morenko A.I., Shapovalov V.I. Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All-Russian Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF) 37 Mira Prospect, Sarov, Russia, 607190, matveev@vniief.ru Maslov A.A., Orlov V.K., Semenov A.G., Sergeev V.M., Yuferov O.I., Visik A.M. Bochvar Institute of Inorganic Materials (VNIINM) 5-A Rogova street, p.b. 369, Moscow, Russia, 123060, majul2000@mail.ru Abstract - The report is dedicated to a problem of creation of a new generation of dual-purpose transport packing complete sets (TPCS) 1 with advanced safety. These sets are intended for transportation and storage of spent nuclear fuel assemblies (SNFA) 2 of VVER reactors and spent spark elements (SSE)

348

Shielding calculation techniques used in the design of fuel storage systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To augment the existing at-reactor fuel storage capacity, many utilities are implementing modular dry storage systems. This paper addresses the shielding design and analysis of one such storage system. Particular attention will be given to comparing various computer and hand calculation techniques. The Nutech horizontal modular storage (NUHOMS) system consists of a dry canister (a stainless steel canister containing seven pressurized water reactor fuel assemblies), a horizontal storage module (a concrete storage module), an on-site transfer cask, a trailer and cask skid, and a hydraulic ram. The shielding analyses utilized hand calculations of direct and scattered radiation, the QADMOD (three-dimensional point kernal computer program and the ANISN (one-dimensional) and DOT-IV (two-dimensional) transport theory computer programs. Each calculational technique has its advantages and disadvantages.

Wang, S.S.; Massey, J.V.

1985-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Space radiation shielding analysis and dosimetry for the space shuttle program  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Active and passive radiation dosimeters have been flown on every Space Shuttle mission to measure the naturally?occurring background Van Allen and galactic cosmic radiation doses that astronauts and radiation?sensitive experiments and payloads receive. A review of the various models utilized at the NASA/Johnson Space Center Radiation Analysis and Dosimetry is presented. An analytical shielding model of the Shuttle was developed as an engineering tool to aid in making premission radiation dose calculations and is discussed in detail. The anatomical man models are also discussed. A comparison between the onboard dosimeter measurements for the 24 Shuttle missions to date and the dose calculations using the radiation environment and shielding models is presented.

William Atwell; E. R. Beever; A. C. Hardy; R. G. Richmond; B. L. Cash

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

On vapor shielding of dust grains of iron, molybdenum, and tungsten in fusion plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The shielding effects of ablation cloud around a small dust grain composed of iron, molybdenum, or tungsten in fusion plasmas are considered. These include collisional dissipation of momentum flux of impinging plasma ions, heat transfer by secondary plasma created due to electron impact ionization of the ablated atoms, and radiative plasma power losses in the ablation cloud. The maximum radius, which limits applicability of existing dust-plasma interaction models neglecting the cloud shielding effects, for dust grains of the considered high-Z metals is calculated as function of plasma parameters. The thermal bifurcation triggered by thermionic electron emission from dust grains, observed for some of the considered materials, is analyzed. The results are compared with previous calculations for dust composed of low-Z fusion related materials, i.e., lithium, beryllium, and carbon.

Brown, B. T.; Smirnov, R. D., E-mail: rsmirnov@ucsd.edu; Krasheninnikov, S. I. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, California 92093-0411 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr., La Jolla, California 92093-0411 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Process for producing an aggregate suitable for inclusion into a radiation shielding product  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to methods for converting depleted uranium hexafluoride to a stable depleted uranium silicide in a one-step reaction. Uranium silicide provides a stable aggregate material that can be added to concrete to increase the density of the concrete and, consequently, shield gamma radiation. As used herein, the term "uranium silicide" is defined as a compound generically having the formula U.sub.x Si.sub.y, wherein the x represents the molecules of uranium and the y represent the molecules of silicon. In accordance with the present invention, uranium hexafluoride is converted to a uranium silicide by contacting the uranium hexafluoride with a silicon-containing material at a temperature in a range between about 1450.degree. C. and about 1750.degree. C. The stable depleted uranium silicide is included as an aggregate in a radiation shielding product, such as a concrete product.

Lessing, Paul A. (Idaho Falls, ID); Kong, Peter C. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Active Interrogation Observables for Enrichment Determination of DU Shielded HEU Metal Assemblies with Limited Geometrical Information  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Determining the enrichment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) metal assemblies shielded by depleted uranium (DU) proves a unique challenge to currently employed measurement techniques. Efforts to match time-correlated neutron distributions obtained through active interrogation to Monte Carlo simulations of the assemblies have shown promising results, given that the exact geometries of both the HEU metal assemblies and DU shields are known from imaging and fission site mapping. In certain situations, however, it is desirable to obtain enrichment with limited or no geometrical information of the assemblies being measured. This paper explores the possibility that the utilization of observables in the interrogation of assemblies by time-tagged D-T neutrons, including time-correlated distribution of neutrons and gammas using liquid scintillators operating on the fission chain time scale, can lead to enrichment determination without a complete set of geometrical information.

Pena, Kirsten E [ORNL] [ORNL; McConchie, Seth M [ORNL] [ORNL; Crye, Jason Michael [ORNL] [ORNL; Mihalczo, John T [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Nuclear Rocket Test Facility Decommissioning Including Controlled Explosive Demolition of a Neutron-Activated Shield Wall  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site, the Test Cell A Facility was used in the 1960s for the testing of nuclear rocket engines, as part of the Nuclear Rocket Development Program. The facility was decontaminated and decommissioned (D&D) in 2005 using the Streamlined Approach For Environmental Restoration (SAFER) process, under the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO). Utilities and process piping were verified void of contents, hazardous materials were removed, concrete with removable contamination decontaminated, large sections mechanically demolished, and the remaining five-foot, five-inch thick radiologically-activated reinforced concrete shield wall demolished using open-air controlled explosive demolition (CED). CED of the shield wall was closely monitored and resulted in no radiological exposure or atmospheric release.

Michael Kruzic

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Semi-flexible gas-insulated transmission line using electric field stress shields  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor, an insulating gas electrically insulating the inner conductor from the outer sheath, and insulating supports insulatably supporting the inner conductor within the outer sheath. The inner conductor is provided with flexibility by use of main conductor sections which are joined together through a conductor hub section and flexible flexing elements. Stress shields are provided to control the electric field at the locations of the conductor hub sections where the insulating supports are contacting the inner conductor. The flexing elements and the stress shields may also be utilized in connection with a plug and socket arrangement for providing electrical connection between main conductor sections.

Cookson, Alan H. (Churchill Borough, PA); Dale, Steinar J. (Monroeville, PA); Bolin, Philip C. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA)

1982-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

355

Protection Program Operations - DOE Directives, Delegations,...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Operations by jcronin Functional areas: Physical Protection, Protective Force, Safeguards, Security, and Emergency Management The Order establishes requirements for the...

356

Water Efficiency Improvements at Various Environmental Protection...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Water Efficiency Improvements at Various Environmental Protection Agency Sites Water Efficiency Improvements at Various Environmental Protection Agency Sites Water Efficiency...

357

MANUAL OF PROTECTIVE ACTION GUIDES-AND PROTECTIVE ACTIONS FOR...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Laboratory (July 15, 1977). 10. International Commission on Radiological Protection. Report of a Task Group of Committee 2 on Reference Man. Publication 23. p. 360. Pergamon...

358

Shielded coherent synchrotron radiation and its possible effect in the next linear collider  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shielded coherent synchrotron radiation is discussed in two cases: (1) a beam following a curved path in a plane midway between two parallel, perfectly conducting plates, and (2) a beam circulating in a toroidal chamber with resistive walls. Wake fields and the radiated energy are computed with parameters for the high-energy bunch compressor of the Next Linear Collider. 5 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Warnock, R.L.

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

IDS120h GEOMETRY WITH SHIELDING VESSELS ENERGY FLOW ANALYSIS CONTINUED  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AREAS Np = 100,000 AND 500,000 EVENTS Np = 100,000 (1) Np = 500,000 (2) (1) SH#1-4: 1684.27 kW --> 1603/g PEAK VALUE FOR 8-10 cm LENGTH JUST AFTER BP1 SECTION, BUT IT IS ISOLATED ONLY ALONG -x AXIS REGION BEADS/He SHIELDING. 9 BP1 (~50 cm), BP2 (~10 cm) Be SECTIONS WORK STILL IN PROGRESS. #12;

McDonald, Kirk

360

EMI shield enhancement through the addition of copper coated glass fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

E. , University of Wisconsin-Madison Chair of Committee: Dr. G. W. Halldin This research investigated the feasibility of using copper coated glass fibers to increase the EMI shielding characteristics of vinyl ester thermosetting resin. The fibers were coated... 35 36 37 41 41 48 55 57 58 58 58 58 60 61 62 62 62 Plate Times. Surface Area Analysis Scanning Electron Microscopy. MOLDED COMPOSITE MATERIALS. Resin. Sample Preparation. Evaluation. Scanning Electron Microscopy Flexural...

Montanye, Jeffrey Richard

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Test program element II blanket and shield thermal-hydraulic and thermomechanical testing, experimental facility survey  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents results of a survey conducted by EG and G Idaho to determine facilities available to conduct thermal-hydraulic and thermomechanical testing for the Department of Energy Office of Fusion Energy First Wall/Blanket/Shield Engineering Test Program. In response to EG and G queries, twelve organizations (in addition to EG and G and General Atomic) expressed interest in providing experimental facilities. A variety of methods of supplying heat is available.

Ware, A.G.; Longhurst, G.R.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Secretary Chu Announces New Institute to Help Scientists Improve Massive  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Institute to Help Scientists Improve New Institute to Help Scientists Improve Massive Data Set Research on DOE Supercomputers Secretary Chu Announces New Institute to Help Scientists Improve Massive Data Set Research on DOE Supercomputers March 29, 2012 - 2:48pm Addthis Washington D.C. - Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced $5 million to establish the Scalable Data Management, Analysis and Visualization (SDAV) Institute as part of the Obama Administration's "Big Data Research and Development Initiative," which was announced this morning and takes aim at improving the nation's ability to extract knowledge and insights from large and complex collections of digital data. Led by the Energy Department's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the SDAV Institute will bring together the expertise of six national laboratories

363

Lectures on BRS invariance for massive boson fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These notes correspond to lectures given at the Villa de Leyva Summer School in Colombia (July 2007). Our main purpose in this short course on BRS invariance of gauge theories is to illuminate corners of the theory left in the shade by standard treatments. The plan is as follows. First a review of Utiyama's "general gauge theory". Promptly we find a counterexample to it in the shape of the massive spin-1 Stueckelberg gauge field. This is not fancy, as the massive case is the most natural one to introduce BRS invariance in the context of free quantum fields. Mathematically speaking, the first part of the course uses Utiyama's notation, and thus has the flavour and non-intrinsic notation of standard physics textbooks. Next we deal with boson fields on Fock space and BRS invariance in connection with the existence of Krein operators; the attending rigour points are then addressed.

Gracia-Bondia, Jose M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Secular stability and instability in stellar systems surrounding massive objects  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the stability of a low-mass stellar system surrounding a massive central object. Examples of such systems include the centers of galaxies or star clusters containing a massive black hole, and the Oort comet cloud. If the self-gravity of the stellar system is the dominant non-Keplerian force, such systems may be subject to slowly growing (secular) lopsided instabilities. Stability to secular modes is largely determined by the dependence of the distribution function F on angular momentum J. If dF/dJ 0, as is expected if there is a loss cone at low angular momentum, all spherical systems in which F=0 at J=0 (an empty loss cone) are only neutrally stable, and flattened, non-rotating systems are generally unstable. These results suggest that secular instabilities may dominate the structure and evolution of the stellar systems in the centers of galaxies.

Scott Tremaine

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

365

Lectures on BRS invariance for massive boson fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

These notes correspond to lectures given at the Villa de Leyva Summer School in Colombia (July 2007). Our main purpose in this short course on BRS invariance of gauge theories is to illuminate corners of the theory left in the shade by standard treatments. The plan is as follows. First a review of Utiyama's "general gauge theory". Promptly we find a counterexample to it in the shape of the massive spin-1 Stueckelberg gauge field. This is not fancy, as the massive case is the most natural one to introduce BRS invariance in the context of free quantum fields. Mathematically speaking, the first part of the course uses Utiyama's notation, and thus has the flavour and non-intrinsic notation of standard physics textbooks. Next we deal with boson fields on Fock space and BRS invariance in connection with the existence of Krein operators; the attending rigour points are then addressed.

Jose M. Gracia-Bondia

2010-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

366

Castor-1C spent fuel storage cask decay heat, heat transfer, and shielding analyses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents the decay heat, heat transfer, and shielding analyses of the Gesellschaft fuer Nuklear Services (GNS) CASTOR-1C cask used in a spent fuel storage demonstration performed at Preussen Elektra's Wurgassen nuclear power plant. The demonstration was performed between March 1982 and January 1984, and resulted in cask and fuel temperature data and cask exterior surface gamma-ray and neutron radiation dose rate measurements. The purpose of the analyses reported here was to evaluate decay heat, heat transfer, and shielding computer codes. The analyses consisted of (1) performing pre-look predictions (predictions performed before the analysts were provided the test data), (2) comparing ORIGEN2 (decay heat), COBRA-SFS and HYDRA (heat transfer), and QAD and DOT (shielding) results to data, and (3) performing post-test analyses if appropriate. Even though two heat transfer codes were used to predict CASTOR-1C cask test data, no attempt was made to compare the two codes. The codes are being evaluated with other test data (single-assembly data and other cask data), and to compare the codes based on one set of data may be premature and lead to erroneous conclusions.

Rector, D.R.; McCann, R.A.; Jenquin, U.P.; Heeb, C.M.; Creer, J.M.; Wheeler, C.L.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

A shielded storage and processing facility for radioisotope thermoelectric generator heat source production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A shielded storage rack has been installed as part of the Radioisotope Power Systems Facility (RPSF) at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. The RPSF is designed to replace an existing facility at DOE's Mound Site near Dayton, Ohio, where General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules are currently assembled and installed into Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG). The overall design goal of the RPSF is to increase annual production throughput, while at the same time reducing annual radiation exposure to personnel. The shield rack design successfully achieved this goal for the Module Reduction and Monitoring Facility (MRMF), which processes and stores assembled GPHS modules, prior to their installation into RTGs. The shield rack design is simple and effective, with the result that background radiation levels within Hanford's MRMF room are calculated at just over three percent of those typically experienced during operation of the existing MRMF at Mound, despite the fact that Hanford's calculations assume five times the GPHS inventory of that assumed for Mound.

Sherrell, D.L. (Westinghouse Hanford Company, P.O. Box 1970, Mail Stop N1-42, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States))

1993-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

368

Shielding Studies for the CERN Super-Proton-Synchrotron at Experimental Point 5  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The European Laboratory for Particle Research, CERN has been operated the Super Proton Sychrotron (SPS) for more than 30 years with the shielding design knowledge of the early 70s. At that time particle transport codes were neither available nor capable of dealing with deep lateral shielding calculations. For the future LHC increasing projected values of beam intensity in the SPS and decreasing limits to radiation exposure have led to the need to re-assess the shielding at point 5 of the SPS. 20 years ago this area housed the UA1 experiment of Carlo Rubbia (nobel-price 1984). The thesis describes a re-assessment based on simulations using the multi-purpose radiation transport codes FLUKA and MCNPX. The latter one was utilized for geometry design and to compare variance reduction methods. Different assumed beam-loss points along the beam-line together with fluence-to-doserate conversion calculations were used to find the worst case scenario. Dose-rates as well as particle-energy spectra inside the accessible a...

Müller, Mario J

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

A shielded storage and processing facility for radioisotope thermoelectric generator heat source production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses a shielded storage rack which has been installed as part of the Radioisotope Power Systems Facility (RPSF) at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. The RPSF is designed to replace an existing facility at DOE's Mound Site near Dayton, Ohio, where General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules are currently assembled and installed into Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG). The overall design goal of the RPSF is to increase annual production throughput, while at the same time reducing annual radiation exposure to personnel. The shield rack design successfully achieved this goal for the Module Reduction and Monitoring Facility (MRMF), which process and stores assembled GPHS modules, prior to their installation into RTGS. The shield rack design is simple and effective, with the result that background radiation levels within Hanford's MRMF room are calculated at just over three percent of those typically experienced during operation of the existing MRMF at Mound, despite the fact that Hanford's calculations assume five times the GPHS inventory of that assumed for Mound.

Sherrell, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

A shielded storage and processing facility for radioisotope thermoelectric generator heat source production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report discusses a shielded storage rack which has been installed as part of the Radioisotope Power Systems Facility (RPSF) at the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Hanford Site in Washington State. The RPSF is designed to replace an existing facility at DOE`s Mound Site near Dayton, Ohio, where General Purpose Heat Source (GPHS) modules are currently assembled and installed into Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTG). The overall design goal of the RPSF is to increase annual production throughput, while at the same time reducing annual radiation exposure to personnel. The shield rack design successfully achieved this goal for the Module Reduction and Monitoring Facility (MRMF), which process and stores assembled GPHS modules, prior to their installation into RTGS. The shield rack design is simple and effective, with the result that background radiation levels within Hanford`s MRMF room are calculated at just over three percent of those typically experienced during operation of the existing MRMF at Mound, despite the fact that Hanford`s calculations assume five times the GPHS inventory of that assumed for Mound.

Sherrell, D.L.

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

SHIELDING AND DETECTOR RESPONSE CALCULATIONS PERTAINING TO CATEGORY 1 QUANTITIES OF PLUTONIUM AND HAND-HELD PLASTIC SCINTILLATORS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear facilities sometimes use hand-held plastic scintillator detectors to detect attempts to divert special nuclear material in situations where portal monitors are impractical. MCNP calculations have been performed to determine the neutron and gamma radiation field arising from a Category I quantity of weapons-grade plutonium in various shielding configurations. The shields considered were composed of combinations of lead and high-density polyethylene such that the mass of the plutonium plus shield was 22.7 kilograms. Monte-Carlo techniques were also used to determine the detector response to each of the shielding configurations. The detector response calculations were verified using field measurements of high-, medium-, and low- energy gamma-ray sources as well as a Cf-252 neutron source.

Couture, A.

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

Analyzing Massive Machine Maintenance Data in a Computing Cloud  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a novel framework, CloudView, for storage, processing and analysis of massive machine maintenance data, collected from a large number of sensors embedded in industrial machines, in a cloud computing environment. This paper describes the architecture, ... Keywords: Sensors,Real time systems,Data analysis,Reliability,Cloud computing,Wind turbines,Maintenance engineering,MapReduce,Fault prediction,machine data analysis,case-based reasoning,cloud computing,Hadoop

Arshdeep Bahga; Vijay K. Madisetti

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Deconfined SU(2) phase with a massive vector boson triplet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a model of SU(2) and U(1) vector fields with a local U(2) symmetry. Its action can be obtained in the London limit of a gauge invariant regularization involving two scalar fields. Evidence from lattice simulations of the model supports a (zero temperature) SU(2) deconfining phase transition through breaking of the SU(2) center symmetry, and a massive vector boson triplet is found in the deconfined phase.

Bernd A. Berg

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

374

Protected Planet | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Protected Planet Protected Planet Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Protected Planet Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), International Union for Conservation of Nature Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity Resource Type: Dataset, Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: protectedplanet.net/about Cost: Free Protected Planet Screenshot References: Protected Planet[1] "Be inspired by the most beautiful places on the planet. Explore the worlds national parks, wilderness areas and world heritage sites. Help us find and improve information on every protected area in the world. Protectedplanet.net lets you discover these incredible places through elegant mapping and intuitive searching. Protectedplanet.net wants you to

375

Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

94 Federal Register 94 Federal Register / Vol. 74, No. 209 / Friday, October 30, 2009 / Notices ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY [ER-FRL-8798-8] Environmental Impact Statements and Regulations; Availability of EPA Comments Availability of EPA comments prepared pursuant to the Environmental Review Process (ERP), under section 309 of the Clean Air Act and Section 102(2)(c) of the National Environmental Policy Act as amended. Requests for copies of EPA comments can be directed to the Office of Federal Activities at 202-564-7146 or http://www.epa.gov/ compliance/nepa/. An explanation of the ratings assigned to draft environmental impact statements (EISs) was published in FR dated July 17, 2009 (74 FR 34754). Draft EISs EIS No. 20090290, ERP No. D-FTA- F54014-WI, Kenosha-Racine-Milwaukee

376

Solar collector overheating protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Prismatic structures in a thermal solar collector are used as overheating protection. Such structures reflect incoming light efficiently back whenever less thermal power is extracted from the solar collector. Maximum thermal power is generated when the prismatic structure is surrounded by a switching fluid with an index of refraction comparable to that of the prismatic structure. Thermal heat can be harvested via extra fluid channels in the solar absorber or directly via the switching fluid near the prisms. The light reducing effect of prismatic structures is demonstrated for a typical day and a season cycle of the Earth around the Sun. The switchability and the light reducing effect are also demonstrated in a prototype solar collector.

M. Slaman; R. Griessen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Environmental Protection Agency  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Protection Agency Protection Agency . . Book, 4 Project Rulison Off-Site Surveillance Operation for the Flaring Period - October 26 - November 3, 1970 DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. P r e l i m i n a r y Report March 1 0 , 1 9 7 1 PROJECT RULISON OFF-SITE ' SURVEILLANCE FOR THE E'LARING OPERATION OF OCTOBER 26 - November 3, 1970 S o u t h w e s t e r n R a d i o l o g i c a l H e a l t h Laboratqry ~ u g i n g . . . t h e p e r i o d of O c t o b e r 26' through November 3 , ,1970, n a t u r a l g a s f r o m -.._. -- . . t h e P r o j e c t R u l i s o n t e s t w e l l was f l a r e d f o r t h e h i g h - r a t e p r o d u c t i o n f l a r i n g t e s t . . The' f l a r i n g o p e r a t i o n was s t a r t e d , a t 1430 M!5T on October 2 6 , 1970. The g a s flow r a t e w a s i n c r e a s e d o v e r a six-hour p

378

Probing Massive Stars Around Gamma-Ray Burst Progenitors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Long Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are produced by ultra-relativistic jets launched from core collapse of massive stars. Most massive stars form in binaries and/or in star clusters, which means that there may be a significant external photon field (EPF) around the GRB progenitor. We calculate the inverse-Compton scattering of EPF by the hot electrons in the GRB jet. Three possible cases of EPFs are considered: the progenitor is (I) in a massive binary system, (II) surrounded by a Wolf-Rayet-star wind, and (III) in a dense star cluster. Typical luminosities of 10^47 - 10^50 erg/s in the 10 - 100 GeV band are expected, depending on the stellar luminosity, binary separation (I), wind mass loss rate (II), stellar number density (III), etc. We calculate the lightcurve and spectrum in each case, taking fully into account the equal-arrival time surfaces and possible pair-production absorption with the prompt gamma-rays. Observations can put constraints on the existence of such EPFs (and hence on the nature of GRB progenit...

Lu, Wenbin; Smoot, George F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Three dimensional Casimir piston for massive scalar fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Casimir force acting on a three dimensional rectangular piston due to a massive scalar field subject to periodic, Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions. Exponential cut-off method is used to derive the Casimir energy in the interior region and the exterior region separated by the piston. It is shown that the divergent term of the Casimir force acting on the piston due to the interior region cancels with that due to the exterior region, thus render a finite well-defined Casimir force acting on the piston. Explicit expressions for the total Casimir force acting on the piston is derived, which show that the Casimir force is always attractive for all the different boundary conditions considered. As a function of a -- the distance from the piston to the opposite wall, it is found that the magnitude of the Casimir force behaves like $1/a^4$ when $a\\to 0^+$ and decays exponentially when $a\\to \\infty$. Moreover, the magnitude of the Casimir force is always a decreasing function of a. On the other hand, passing from massless to massive, we find that the effect of the mass is insignificant when a is small, but the magnitude of the force is decreased for large a in the massive case.

S. C. Lim; L. P. Teo

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

380

Protective Force Firearms Qualification Courses  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

PROTECTIVE FORCE PROTECTIVE FORCE FIREARMS QUALIFICATION COURSES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Health, Safety and Security AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY: http://www.hss.energy.gov Office of Health, Safety and Security Protective Force Firearms Qualification Courses July 2011 i TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION A - APPROVED FIREARMS QUALIFICATION COURSES .......................... I-1 CHAPTER I . INTRODUCTION ................................................................................... I-1 1. Scope .................................................................................................................. I-1 2. Content ............................................................................................................... I-1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

CEBAF - environmental protection program plan  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An important objective in the successful operation of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) is to ensure protection of the public and the environment. To meet this objective, the Southeastern Universities Research Association, Inc., (SURA) is committed to working with the US Department of Energy (DOE) to develop, implement, and manage a sound and workable environmental protection program at CEBAF. This environmental protection plan includes information on environmental monitoring, long-range monitoring, groundwater protection, waste minimization, and pollution prevention awareness program plan.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

ORISE: Protecting Human Subjects Website  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

provide protection with respect to the rights and welfare of research subjects. The Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) administers the Oak Ridge Sitewide...

383

Florida Radiation Protection Act (Florida)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Department of Public Health is responsible for administering a statewide radiation protection program. The program is designed to permit development and utilization of sources of radiation for...

384

Classified Matter Protection and Control  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Provides detailed requirements to supplement DOE O 471.2, which establishes policy for the protection and control of classified and unclassified information. Does not cancel other directives.

1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

385

Environmental Protection and Natural Resources  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

moved forward, environmentalists and Mexican stakeholders59 Stat. 1219. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).1992. Integrated Environmental Plan for the Mexican-U.S.

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Roberto; Mumme, Stephen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Development of a bellows chamber with a comb-type RF shield for high-current accelerators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An all-metal bellows chamber with a comb-type Radio Frequency (RF) shield for a high-current accelerator was developed and tested at the KEK B-factory (KEKB). The comb-type RF shield has no thin fingers but has nested comb teeth instead at an inner surface. The comb-type RF-shield has a higher thermal strength structurally compared to the conventional finger-type one. Leakage of the TE mode like HOM through the RF shield is almost suppressed. Two test models of bellows chambers installed in the 3.5 GeV positron ring of KEKB showed good properties up to a stored beam current of 1.5 A. The temperature rise of the corrugation was about 7°C and the temperature rise was about 16 of that of the bellows chamber with a conventional finger-type RF shield located under the same condition. The temperature rise of the comb teeth was about 22°C, while that of fingers of the finger-type RF shield was estimated to be about 105°C for the equivalent HOM power. No vacuum arcing was detected during beam operation.

Y. Suetsugu; M. Shirai; K. Shibata; K. Murata; M. Kaneko; K. Sakamoto; K. Sugisaki; M. Kawahara

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

MIE -H&S -08 -Personal Protection Personal Protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

type of work. Safety glasses 2. Safety boots are optional, except when heavy parts are to be moved or worked on. Open toe shoes must not worn at the work site or in the laboratories. Safety boots 3. GlovesMIE - H&S - 08 - Personal Protection Personal Protection 1. Safety glasses must be worn when any

388

EPA's Radiation Protection Standards Protecting the Environment from  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

cancer. EPA does not regulate naturally occurring radiation or the non-ionizing radiation that is emittedEPA's Radiation Protection Standards Protecting the Environment from Radioactive Materials EPA materials. These radioactive materials emit ionizing radiation, which can damage living tissue and cause

389

Summary of Disposable Debris Shields (DDS) Analysis for Development of Solid Debris Collection at NIF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Collection of solid debris from the National Ignition Facility (NIF) is being developed both as a diagnostic tool and as a means for measuring nuclear reaction cross sections relevant to the Stockpile Stewardship Program and nuclear astrophysics. The concept is straightforward; following a NIF shot, the debris that is produced as a result of the capsule and hohlraum explosion would be collected and subsequently extracted from the chamber. The number of nuclear activations that occurred in the capsule would then be measured through a combination of radiation detection and radiochemical processing followed by mass spectrometry. Development of the catcher is challenging due to the complex environment of the NIF target chamber. The collector surface is first exposed to a large photon flux, followed by the debris wind that is produced. The material used in the catcher must be mechanically strong in order to withstand the large amount of energy it is exposed to, as well as be chemically compatible with the form and composition of the debris. In addition, the location of the catcher is equally important. If it is positioned too close to the center of the target chamber, it will be significantly ablated, which could interfere with the ability of the debris to reach the surface and stick. If it is too far away, the fraction of the debris cloud collected will be too small to result in a statistically significant measurement. Material, geometric configuration, and location must all be tested in order to design the optimal debris collection system for NIF. One of the first ideas regarding solid debris collection at NIF was to use the disposable debris shields (DDS), which are fielded over the final optics assemblies (FOA) 7 m away from the center of the target chamber. The DDS are meant to be replaced after a certain number of shots, and if the shields could be subsequently analyzed after removal, it would serve as a mechanism for fielding a relatively large collection area through the use of a part meant to be replaced regularly. The solid angle covered by one of the shields is roughly 10{sup -4} of 4{pi}. If several shields were analyzed at once, it would increase the solid angle of the collection area accordingly. The glass shields consist of ammonia hardened silica with a sol gel coating and kapton tape around the edge. The square sheets are 14-inch on each side. The original shields were 1 mm thick, but it was determined that a thicker shield (3.3 mm) was more effective in preventing debris from reaching the FOA. The Solid Radchem group received two sets of DDS as part of our evaluation of the potential use of the DDS as solid debris collectors. The first set consisted of two 3.3 mm shields, one each from the top and bottom of the chamber (the '3mm set'). The second set consisted of four 1mm shields, one from the top of the chamber and the other three from the bottom (the 'IFSA set'). For each set, the shields were cut into smaller subsamples, which were then imaged using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) followed by chemical leaching and mass spectrometry. The purpose was to evaluate both the quantity and identity of the debris that was present on the DDS surfaces, and to determine if any of the capsule debris was reaching the chamber walls. In addition, potential enhancement due to gravity in the chamber was evaluated by directly comparing shields fielded in the top and bottom of the chamber. Based on the results, the use of the DDS as debris collectors would be evaluated. The results from both sets were presented to the DDS Working Group. The slides are attached to this document. The 3mm set results are presented first, followed by the results from the IFSA set. In both cases it was determined that a small fraction of the overall debris field was collected on the DDS. This means that the debris that is formed during a NIF shot is condensing out of the plasma and depositing on surfaces closer to the target chamber center, or else it is simply falling to the bottom of the chamber. In either case, it was determined that using

Shaughnessy, D A; Moody, K J; Grant, P M; Lewis, L A; Hutcheon, I D; Lindvall, R; Gostic, J M

2011-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

390

Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Information/Protected  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Information/Protected Health Information Protecting FWP Participant Personally Identifiable Information/Protected Health Information The confidentiality and privacy rights of former workers are not only a legal requirement, they are crucial to establishing and maintaining credibility with the former worker community. All medical information that is collected as part of this program is treated as confidential and is used only as allowed by the Privacy Act of 1974. All FWP activities are conducted with the approval of the Institutional Review Boards, or Human Subjects Committees, of DOE and involved universities. All individuals sign an informed consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

391

Combined group ECC protection and subgroup parity protection  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and system are disclosed for providing combined error code protection and subgroup parity protection for a given group of n bits. The method comprises the steps of identifying a number, m, of redundant bits for said error protection; and constructing a matrix P, wherein multiplying said given group of n bits with P produces m redundant error correction code (ECC) protection bits, and two columns of P provide parity protection for subgroups of said given group of n bits. In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the matrix P is constructed by generating permutations of m bit wide vectors with three or more, but an odd number of, elements with value one and the other elements with value zero; and assigning said vectors to rows of the matrix P.

Gara, Alan G.; Chen, Dong; Heidelberger, Philip; Ohmacht, Martin

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

392

Data Protection Office October 2010  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Protection Office October 2010 AUTHORISATION FORM FOR DATA PROCESSING BY STUDENTS This form should be completed where students are processing personal data for research or study purposes. In order to meet the requirements of the Data Protection Act 1998 and ensure the personal data is being processed

Mottram, Nigel

393

Routing performance analysis and optimization within a massively parallel computer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus, program product and method optimize the operation of a massively parallel computer system by, in part, receiving actual performance data concerning an application executed by the plurality of interconnected nodes, and analyzing the actual performance data to identify an actual performance pattern. A desired performance pattern may be determined for the application, and an algorithm may be selected from among a plurality of algorithms stored within a memory, the algorithm being configured to achieve the desired performance pattern based on the actual performance data.

Archer, Charles Jens; Peters, Amanda; Pinnow, Kurt Walter; Swartz, Brent Allen

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

394

Holographic Polarons, the Metal-Insulator Transition and Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive gravity is holographically dual to `realistic' materials with momentum relaxation. The dual graviton potential encodes the phonon dynamics and it allows for a much broader diversity than considered so far. We construct a simple family of isotropic and homogeneous materials that exhibit an interaction-driven Metal-Insulator transition. The transition is triggered by the formation of polarons -- phonon-electron quasi-bound states that dominate the conductivities, shifting the spectral weight above a mass gap. We characterize the polaron gap, width and dispersion.

Baggioli, Matteo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Holographic Polarons, the Metal-Insulator Transition and Massive Gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive gravity is holographically dual to `realistic' materials with momentum relaxation. The dual graviton potential encodes the phonon dynamics and it allows for a much broader diversity than considered so far. We construct a simple family of isotropic and homogeneous materials that exhibit an interaction-driven Metal-Insulator transition. The transition is triggered by the formation of polarons -- phonon-electron quasi-bound states that dominate the conductivities, shifting the spectral weight above a mass gap. We characterize the polaron gap, width and dispersion.

Matteo Baggioli; Oriol Pujolas

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

396

Anisotropic massive strings in scalar-tensor theory of gravitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the model of anisotropic universe with string fluid as source of matter within the framework of scalar-tensor theory of gravitation. Exact solution of field equations are obtained by applying Berman's law of variation of Hubble's parameter which yields a constant value of DP. The nature of classical potential is examined for the model under consideration. It has been also found that the massive strings dominate in early universe and at long last disappear from universe. This is in agreement with current astronomical observations. The physical and dynamical properties of model are also discussed.

Anil Kumar Yadav

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

397

Solar-like oscillations in a massive star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Seismology of stars provides insight into the physical mechanisms taking place in their interior, with modes of oscillation probing different layers. Low-amplitude acoustic oscillations excited by turbulent convection were detected four decades ago in the Sun and more recently in low-mass main-sequence stars. Using data gathered by the Convection Rotation and Planetary Transits mission, we report here on the detection of solar-like oscillations in a massive star, V1449 Aql, which is a known large-amplitude (b Cephei) pulsator.

Belkacem, K; Goupil, M -J; Lefèvre, L; Baudin, F; Deheuvels, S; Dupret, M -A; Appourchaux, T; Scuflaire, R; Auvergne, M; Catala, C; Michel, E; Miglio, A; Montalban, J; Thoul, A; Talon, S; Baglin, A; Noels, A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Neutrino Tomography of Gamma Ray Bursts and Massive Stellar Collapses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Neutrinos at energies above TeV can serve as probes of the stellar progenitor and jet dynamics of gamma ray bursts arising from stellar core collapses. They can also probe collapses which do not lead to gamma-rays, which may be much more numerous. We calculate detailed neutrino spectra from shock accelerated protons in jets just below the outer stellar envelope, before their emergence. We present neutrino flux estimates from such pre-burst jets for two different massive stellar progenitor models. These should be distinguishable by IceCube, and we discuss the implications.

Soebur Razzaque; Peter Meszaros; Eli Waxman

2003-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

399

Massive zero-metal stars: Energy production and mixing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Time-dependent nuclear network calculations at constant temperature show that for zero-metal stars >= 20 Msun (i) beta-decay reactions and (ii) the 13N(p,gamma)14O reaction must be included. It is also shown that the nuclear timescale in these zero-metal stars is shorter than the mixing timescale and therefore the assumption of instantaneous mixing across convective regions is not fulfilled. We conclude that proper modeling of these processes may alter the evolution of massive zero-metal stars.

C. W. Straka; W. M. Tscharnuter

2001-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

400

Neutron source in the MCNPX shielding calculating for electron accelerator driven facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) of USA and Kharkov Inst. of Physics and Technology (KIPT) of Ukraine have been collaborating on the design development of an experimental neutron source facility. It is an accelerator driven system (ADS) utilizing a subcritical assembly driven by electron accelerator. The facility will be utilized for performing basic and applied nuclear researches, producing medical isotopes, and training young nuclear specialists. Monte Carlo code MCNPX has been utilized as a design tool due to its capability to transport electrons, photons, and neutrons at high energies. However the facility shielding calculations with MCNPX need enormous computational resources and the small neutron yield per electron makes sampling difficulty for the Monte Carlo calculations. A method, based on generating and utilizing neutron source file, was proposed and tested. This method reduces significantly the required computer resources and improves the statistics of the calculated neutron dose outside the shield boundary. However the statistical errors introduced by generating the neutron source were not directly represented in the results, questioning the validity of this methodology, because an insufficiently sampled neutron source can cause error on the calculated neutron dose. This paper presents a procedure for the validation of the generated neutron source file. The impact of neutron source statistic on the neutron dose is examined by calculating the neutron dose as a function of the number of electron particles used for generating the neutron source files. When the value of the calculated neutron dose converges, it means the neutron source has scored sufficient records and statistic does not have apparent impact on the calculated neutron dose. In this way, the validity of neutron source and the shield analyses could be verified. (authors)

Zhong, Z.; Gohar, Y. [Nuclear Engineering Div., Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Shielding requirements for the transport of nuclear warhead components under decommissioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The requirements to carry out accurate shielding calculations involved with the safe off-site transportation of packages containing nuclear warhead components, special assemblies and radioactive materials are discussed. The need for (a) detailed information on the geometry and material composition of the packaging and radioactive load, (b) accurate representation of the differential energy spectra (dN/dE) for the neutron and gamma spectra emitted by the radioactive materials enclosed in the packaging, (c) well-tested neutron and photon cross section libraries, (d) and accurate three-dimensional Monte Carlo transport codes are illustrated. A brief discussion of the need for reliable dose measurements is presented.

Hansen, L.F.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Dose measurements behind reduced shielding at the Texas A&M University variable energy cyclotron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the relative count rates of the detectors after irradiation can be used to estimate the spectral dis- tribution of the neutron field, while the absolute activity of the detector is a measure of exposure (Ce69). This technique is useful in measuring neutron... be measured simultaneously in high flux areas in the vault and in low flux areas outside the reduced shielding. The detector normally utilized in the spherical remmeter is a lithium iodide, europium activated (LiI(Eu)) scintillation type thermal neutron...

Kay, Douglas Carey

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

403

Advantages of the shielded containers at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) disposal operations currently employ two different disposal methods: one for Contact Handled (CH) waste and another for Remote Handled (RH) waste. CH waste is emplaced in a variety of payload container configurations on the floor of each disposal room. In contrast, RH waste is packaged into a single type of canister and emplaced in pre-drilled holes in the walls of disposal rooms. Emplacement of the RH waste in the walls must proceed in advance of CH waste emplacement and therefore poses logistical constraints, in addition to the loss of valuable disposal capacity. To improve operational efficiency and disposal capacity, the Department of Energy (DOE) has proposed a shielded container for certain RH waste streams. RH waste with relatively low gammaemitting activity would be packaged in lead-lined containers, shipped to WIPP in existing certified transportation packages for CH waste and emplaced in WIPP among the stacks of CH waste containers on the floor of a disposal room. RH waste with high gamma-emitting activity would continue to be emplaced in the boreholes along the walls. The new RH container is similar to the nominal 208-liter (55-gallon) drum, however it includes about 2.5 cm (1 in) of lead, sandwiched between thick steel sheets. Furthermore, the top and bottom are made of thick plate steel to strengthening the package to meet transportation requirements. This robust configuration provides an overpack for materials that otherwise would be RH waste. This paper describes the container and the regulatory approach used to meet the requirements imposed by regulations that apply to WIPP. This includes a Performance Assessment used to evaluate WIPP's long-term performance and the DOE's approach to gain approval for the transportation of shielded containers. This paper also describes estimates of the DOE's RH transuranic waste inventory that may be packaged and emplaced in shielded containers. Finally, the paper includes a discussion of how the DOE proposes to track the waste packaged into shielded containers against the RH waste inventory and how this will comply with the regulated volume.

Nelson, Roger A. (U.S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, NM); Dunagan, Sean C.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Magnetic shielding properties of plasma sprayed YBa2Cu3O7-x on nickel substrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

YBa2Cu3O7-x films were grown by a low pressure plasma spraying technique and atmospheric plasma spray on polycrystalline nickel substrate using yttrium-stabilized zirconia as a buffer layer. After post-annealing in oxygen at high temperature, zero resistance is reached above 77 K. YBa2Cu3O7-x films with thicknesses between 120 and 420 ?m were prepared and their critical currents measured. The a.c. magnetic shielding properties were determined in the high frequency region, 100 kHz to 3 MHz. The relations between the screening properties, the critical currents and the microstructure of the thin films are discussed.

D. Castello; J. Fontcuberta; M. Pont; J.S. Muñoz

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The Conceptional Design of the Shielding Layout and Beam Absorber at the PXIE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Project X is a high intensity proton facility conceived to support a world-leading physics program at Fermilab. Project X will provide high intensity beams for neutrino, kaon, muon, and nuclei based experiments and for studies supporting energy applications. The Project X Injector Experiment (PIXIE) is a prototype of the Project X front end. A 30 MeV 50 kW beam will be used to validate the design concept of the Project X. This paper discusses a design of the accelerator enclosure radiation shielding and the beam dump.

Eidelman, Yu.; Kerby, J.; Lebedev, V.; Leibfritz, J.; Leveling, T.; Nagaisev, S.; Stanek, R.; /Fermilab

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

406

Self-shielding of a plasma-exposed surface during extreme transient heat loads  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The power deposition on a tungsten surface exposed to combined pulsed/continuous high power plasma is studied. A study of the correlation between the plasma parameters and the power deposition on the surface demonstrates the effect of particle recycling in the strongly coupled regime. Upon increasing the input power to the plasma source, the energy density to the target first increases then decreases. We suggest that the sudden outgassing of hydrogen particles from the target and their subsequent ionization causes this. This back-flow of neutrals impedes the power transfer to the target, providing a shielding of the metal surface from the intense plasma flux.

Zielinski, J. J.; Meiden, H. J. van der; Morgan, T. W.; Hoen, M. H. J. 't; De Temmerman, G., E-mail: g.c.detemmerman@differ.nl [FOM Institute DIFFER, Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, P.O. Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Schram, D. C. [Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

407

Fire Protection Account Request Form  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fire Protection System Account Request Form Fire Protection System Account Request Form To obtain a user id and password to access the Fire Protection system, please complete the form, save the file and email it to hssUserSupport@hq.doe.gov or print and fax it to 301-903-9823. We will provide a username and password to new account holders. Please allow several business days to process your account request. When your request is approved, you will be contacted with your

408

Holonomies of gauge fields in twistor space 6: incorporation of massive fermions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following the previous paper arXiv:1205.4827, we formulate an S-matrix functional for massive fermion ultra-helicity-violating (UHV) amplitudes, i.e., scattering amplitudes of positive-helicity gluons and a pair of massive fermions. The S-matrix functional realizes a massive extension of the Cachazo-Svrcek-Witten (CSW) rules in a functional language. Mass-dimension analysis implies that interactions among gluons and massive fermions should be decomposed into three-point massive fermion subamplitudes. Namely, such interactions are represented by combinations of three-point UHV and next-to-UHV (NUHV) vertices. This feature is qualitatively different from the massive scalar amplitudes where the number of involving gluons can be arbitrary.

Yasuhiro Abe

2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

409

Protection of Nuclear Plants Against Vehicular Bombs Via Full Spectrum Risk Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A more urgent need now exists since 9/11 to protect vital assets at nuclear plants from physical security threats. Any approach to successful defense must result in the best possible risk profile , while also performing this defense against credible threats within the context of limited personnel and materiel resources. Engineered solutions need to be well thought out, and take advantage of each plant's available organic strengths and opportunities. A robust, well trained/equipped highly motivated protective force will help reduce concerns where there are weaknesses making the plant vulnerable to threats. A thorough risk assessment takes into account the proper combination of both deterministic and probabilistic application of resources as a most advantageous approach; this is postulated to be development of integrated protection methods and plans, which blend solid engineering design with the highest caliber of protection forces. By setting a clear and ambitious objective to shield the nuclear assets with this type of dynamic full spectrum defense in depth, the risk of harm-breach or likelihood of any opponent's threat being realized should be reduced to the lowest practicable levels.

Campagna, M. S.; Sawruk, W.

2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

410

Demonstration of shield-type longwall supports at York Canyon Mine of Kaiser Steel Corporation. Final technical report A  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report represents work on a program that was originated by the USBM of the Department of the Interior and was transferred to the Department of Energy on October 1, 1977. A demonstration with the Government funded Hemscheidt 320 HSL caliper type shield supports was conducted at three longwall panels of Kaiser Steel Corporation's York Canyon Mine. The purpose of this longwall demonstration was to provide the US coal industry with information on all aspects of shield longwall mining in high seams. The demonstration provided a working model for the coal industry and during the project, 350 people from the industry, schools, and government agencies visited the demonstration. They were provided with a first hand knowledge of a working shield longwall. The demonstration showed that the control of large coal lumps may be a problem in the mining of coal seam thicker than 8 feet. Mining with shield type supports provided good working conditions and a safe working environment. The shield requires very little maintenance and has a high mechanical availability.

Lawrence, R.G.; King, R.

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Discovery of a Massive Protostar near IRAS 18507+0121  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have observed the massive star forming region, IRAS 18507+0121, at millimeter wavelengths in 3 mm continuum emission and H13CO+(J=1-0) and SiO(v=0, J=2-1) line emission, and at near-infrared wavelengths between 1.2 and 2.1 microns. Two compact molecular cores are detected: one north and one south separated by about 40". The northern molecular core contains a newly discovered, deeply embedded, B2 protostar surrounded by several hundred solar masses of warm gas and dust, G34.4+0.23 MM. Based on the presence of warm dust emission and the lack of detection at near-infrared wavelengths, we suggest that G34.4+0.23 MM may represent the relatively rare discovery of a massive protostar (e.g. analogous to a low-mass "Class 0" protostar). The southern molecular core is associated with a near-infrared cluster of young stars and an ultracompact (UC) HII region, G34.4+0.23, with a central B0.5 star. The fraction of near-infrared stars with excess infrared emission indicative of circumstellar material is greater than 50% which suggests an upper limit on the age of the IRAS 18507+0121 star forming region of 3 Myrs.

D. S. Shepherd; D. E. A. Nurnberger; L. Bronfman

2003-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

412

Nanoscale Cluster Detection in Massive Atom Probe Tomography Data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent technological advances in atom probe tomography (APT) have led to unprecedented data acquisition capabilities that routinely generate data sets containing hundreds of millions of atoms. Detecting nanoscale clusters of different atom types present in these enormous amounts of data and analyzing their spatial correlations with one another are fundamental to understanding the structural properties of the material from which the data is derived. Extant algorithms for nanoscale cluster detection do not scale to large data sets. Here, a scalable, CUDA-based implementation of an autocorrelation algorithm is presented. It isolates spatial correlations amongst atomic clusters present in massive APT data sets in linear time using a linear amount of storage. Correctness of the algorithm is demonstrated using large synthetically generated data with known spatial distributions. Benefits and limitations of using GPU-acceleration for autocorrelation-based APT data analyses are presented with supporting performance results on data sets with up to billions of atoms. To our knowledge, this is the first nanoscale cluster detection algorithm that scales to massive APT data sets and executes on commodity hardware.

Seal, Sudip K [ORNL] [ORNL; Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL] [ORNL; Miller, Michael K [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

FAQS Reference Guide –Radiation Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the December 2003 edition of DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection Functional Area Qualification Standard.

414

Health Physicist (Radiation Protection Specialist)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A successful candidate in this position will serve as the Health Physicist (Radiation Protection Specialist) senior subject matter expert for health physics/radiation safety at the sites. You will...

415

Physical Protection of Classified Matter  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes policy and objectives for physical protection of classified matter. This directive does not cancel another directive. Chg 1, 7-30-93. Canceled by 5632.1C.

1988-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

416

 Illinois Groundwater Protection Act (Illinois)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

It is the policy of the State of Illinois to restore, protect, and enhance the groundwaters of the State, as a natural and public resource. The State recognizes the essential and pervasive role of...

417

Model Fire Protection Assessment Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This Assessment guide covers the implementation of the DOE's responsibility of assuring that DOE and the DOE Contractors have established Fire Protection Programs that are at the level required for the area being assessed.

418

Transforming Parks and Protected Areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transforming Parks and Protected Areas Policy and governance in a changing world Edited by Kevin S from the British Library Library of Congress Cataloging In Publication Data Transforming parks

Bolch, Tobias

419

Radiological Protection for DOE Activities  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

Establishes radiological protection program requirements that, combined with 10 CFR 835 and its associated implementation guidance, form the basis for a comprehensive program for protection of individuals from the hazards of ionizing radiation in controlled areas. Extended by DOE N 441.3. Cancels DOE 5480.11, DOE 5480.15, DOE N 5400.13, DOE N 5480.11; please note: the DOE radiological control manual (DOE/EH-0256T)

1995-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

420

Tholeiitic basalt–rhyolite magmatism and massive sulphide deposits at Matagami, Quebec  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... exploration targets. However, in one of these large Archean volcanic centres, at Matagami, Quebec, this relationship does not hold; the massive sulphide deposits, while originally thought to ...

P. J. MacGeehan; W. H. MacLean

1980-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Constraints on the Structure, Evolution, and Approach to Thermonuclear Runaway in Intermediate Mass and Massive Stars.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis provides an assessment of stellar evolution models for intermediate-mass and massive stars in advanced stages of evolution through a detailed cooperation between simulations… (more)

Dolan, Michelle Marie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Massive Energy Storage in Superconductors (SMES) | U.S. DOE Office...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Massive Energy Storage in Superconductors (SMES) High Energy Physics (HEP) HEP Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of HEP Funding Opportunities Advisory...

423

Data Reduction Enables Massive Data Handling in Super-resolution Localization Microscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Massive data handling is the major challenge in super-resolution localization microscopy. Here we present a data reduction approach to solve this challenge. This approach enables the...

Ma, Hongqiang; Zeng, Shaoqun; Huang, Zhen-li

424

Comparison Of Hybrid Methods For Global Variance Reduction In Shielding Calculations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For Monte Carlo shielding problems that calculate a mesh tally over the entire problem, the relative uncertainties computed for each voxel can vary widely. This can lead to unacceptably long run times in order to reduce the uncertainties in all areas of the problem to a reasonably low level. Hybrid methods using estimates from deterministic calculations to create importance maps for variance reduction in Monte Carlo calculations have been successfully used to optimize the calculation of specific tallies. For the global problem, several methods have been proposed that create importance maps that distribute Monte Carlo particles in such a way as to achieve a more uniform distribution of relative uncertainty across the problem. The goal is to compute a mesh tally with nearly the same relative uncertainties in the low flux/dose areas as in the high flux/dose areas. Methods based on only forward deterministic estimates and methods using both forward and adjoint deterministic methods have been implemented the SCALE/MAVRIC package and have been compared against each other by computing global mesh tallies on several representative shielding problems. Methods using both forward and adjoint estimates provide better performance for computing more uniform relative uncertainties across a global mesh tally.

Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Department of Energy - Voluntary Protection Program Contract...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Contract Transition Process Department of Energy - Voluntary Protection Program Contract Transition Process The purpose of the Department of Energy (DOE) Voluntary Protection...

426

Environmental Management and Protection Act, 2010 (Saskatchewan)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Environmental Management and Protection Act of 2010 protects air, land, water resources and ecosystems of the province by managing and regulating potentially harmful activities and substances....

427

10 CFR 835- Occupational Radiation Protection  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE activities.

428

Code of Federal Regulations OCCUPATIONAL RADIATION PROTECTION  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The rules in this part establish radiation protection standards, limits, and program requirements for protecting individuals from ionizing radiation resulting from the conduct of DOE activities.

429

Voluntary Protection Program - Related Links | Department of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Related Links Voluntary Protection Program - Related Links VPPPA - The Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association, a non- profit organization is leading the way in...

430

Design of an active shield dipole magnet in the interaction region of the KEK B-Factory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Due to their detrimental effect on the experimental detector of the KEK B-Factory, the leakage fields of the bending magnets, which will be installed near to the collision point, need to be as small as possible. For achieving this smaller leakage field, the authors propose a special superconducting dipole with a shield coil. A novel approach for achieving a leakage field of less than 5 mT at a radius of 200 mm, based on an active shield method, has been investigated. The design concept of the coil, which consists of a main coil and a shield coil having an opposite current to the main coil, has been developed. The coil design and the structure of the magnet are described.

Tsuchiya, K.; Kobayashi, T.M.; Haruyama, T.; Ajima, Y.; Doi, Y.; Ohuchi, N.; Kurokawa, S. [National Lab. for High Energy Physics, Ibaraki (Japan); Kimura, A. [Graduate Univ. for Advanced Studies, Ibaraki (Japan)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

431

Design and current-limiting simulation of magnetic-shield type superconducting fault current limiter with high-Tc superconductors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The continuous development of electric power utilities has led to the increase in the problems concerning fault currents. The use of fault current limiters, which suppress fault currents below a prescribed level, has been examined in many places. The authors have studied a superconducting fault current limiter that is based on the magnetic shielding effect of superconductors. In this paper, the authors derive a requirement for leading to a flux-jumping inside a ceramic superconductor at liquid nitrogen temperature. Next, two kinds of magnetic-shield type superconducting fault current limiters are designed, and their current-limiting simulations are tried using a computer.

Kajikawa, K.; Kaiho, K.; Tamada, N. [Electrotechnical Lab., Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)] [Electrotechnical Lab., Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Onishi, T. [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan)] [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Data Protection The Data Protection Act 1984 has now been replaced by the Data Protection Act 1998,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data Protection The Data Protection Act 1984 has now been replaced by the Data Protection Act 1998, which is based on the European Data Protection Directive. The 1998 Act applies to both manual for privacy and access by individuals. Information on how to make a request for access to personal data under

433

Baby Brutes: Simulations Help Solve the Mysteries of Massive Young  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Baby Brutes Baby Brutes Baby Brutes Simulations Help Solve the Mysteries of Massive Young Star-Forming Galaxies March 31, 2010 | Tags: Astrophysics Contact: Margie Wylie, mwylie@lbl.gov, +1 510 486 7421 Primack-fig1a.png Figure 1. In this model galactic plane (seen in cross section), the energy input of stellar superclusters causes gases to shoot out at speeds up to 1000 kilometers per second at temperatures reaching 100 million Kelvin. These appear as plumes or "chimneys," visible in the top three frames (showing density, temperature, and velocity; the bottom frame shows gas column density). Small bubbles of hot gas in the field (visible in the top two frames) are the result of stellar feedback from runaway stars. Astronomers have in recent years been surprised to find hulking brutes

434

Theory of Winds from Hot, Luminous Massive Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high luminosities of massive stars drive strong stellar winds, through line scattering of the star's continuum radiation. This paper reviews the dynamics of such line driving, building first upon the standard CAK model for steady winds, and deriving the associated analytic scalings for the mass loss rate and wind velocity law. It next summarizes the origin and nature of the strong Line Deshadowing Instability (LDI) intrinsic to such line-driving, including also the role of a diffuse-line-drag effect that stabilizes the wind base, and then describes how both instability and drag are incorporated in the Smooth Source Function (SSF) method for time-dependent simulations of the nonlinear evolution of the resulting wind structure. The review concludes with a discussion of the effect of the resulting extensive structure in temperature, density and velocity for interpreting observational diagnostics. In addition to the usual clumping effect on density-squared diagnostics, the spatial porosity of optically thick ...

Owocki, Stanley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Phenomenological QCD equation of state for massive neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct an equation of state for massive neutron stars based on quantum chromodynamics phenomenology. Our primary purpose is to delineate the relevant ingredients of equations of state that simultaneously have the required stiffness and satisfy constraints from thermodynamics and causality. These ingredients are: (i) a repulsive density-density interaction, universal for all flavors; (ii) the color-magnetic interaction active from low to high densities; (iii) confining effects, which become increasingly important as the baryon density decreases; (iv) non-perturbative gluons, which are not very sensitive to changes of the quark density. We use the following "3-window" description: At baryon densities below about twice normal nuclear density, 2n_0, we use the Akmal-Pandharipande-Ravenhall (APR) equation of state, and at high densities, > (4-7)n_0, we use the three-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model supplemented by vector and diquark interactions. In the transition density region, we smoothly interpolate...

Kojo, Toru; Song, Yifan; Baym, Gordon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

THE ELM SURVEY. V. MERGING MASSIVE WHITE DWARF BINARIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the discovery of 17 low-mass white dwarfs (WDs) in short-period (P {<=} 1 day) binaries. Our sample includes four objects with remarkable log g {approx_equal} 5 surface gravities and orbital solutions that require them to be double degenerate binaries. All of the lowest surface gravity WDs have metal lines in their spectra implying long gravitational settling times or ongoing accretion. Notably, six of the WDs in our sample have binary merger times <10 Gyr. Four have {approx}>0.9 M{sub Sun} companions. If the companions are massive WDs, these four binaries will evolve into stable mass transfer AM CVn systems and possibly explode as underluminous supernovae. If the companions are neutron stars, then these may be millisecond pulsar binaries. These discoveries increase the number of detached, double degenerate binaries in the ELM Survey to 54; 31 of these binaries will merge within a Hubble time.

Brown, Warren R.; Kenyon, Scott J. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kilic, Mukremin; Gianninas, A. [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 W. Brooks St., Norman, OK, 73019 (United States); Allende Prieto, Carlos, E-mail: wbrown@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: skenyon@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: kilic@ou.edu, E-mail: alexg@nhn.ou.edu, E-mail: callende@iac.es [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, E-38205, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

LIMB-DARKENED RADIATION-DRIVEN WINDS FROM MASSIVE STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We calculated the influence of the limb-darkened finite-disk correction factor in the theory of radiation-driven winds from massive stars. We solved the one-dimensional m-CAK hydrodynamical equation of rotating radiation-driven winds for all three known solutions, i.e., fast, {Omega}-slow, and {delta}-slow. We found that for the fast solution, the mass-loss rate is increased by a factor of {approx}10%, while the terminal velocity is reduced about 10%, when compared with the solution using a finite-disk correction factor from a uniformly bright star. For the other two slow solutions, the changes are almost negligible. Although we found that the limb darkening has no effects on the wind-momentum-luminosity relationship, it would affect the calculation of synthetic line profiles and the derivation of accurate wind parameters.

Cure, M. [Departamento de Fisica y Astronomia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaiso, Av. Gran Bretana 1111, Casilla 5030, Valparaiso (Chile); Cidale, L. [Departamento de Espectroscopia, Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP), Paseo del Bosque S/N, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Rial, D. F., E-mail: michel.cure@uv.cl, E-mail: lydia@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: drial@dm.uba.ar [Departamento de Matematicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Consistent metric combinations in cosmology of massive bigravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Massive bigravity models are interesting alternatives to standard cosmology. In most cases however these models have been studied for a simplified scenario in which both metrics take homogeneous and isotropic forms (Friedmann-Lema\\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker; FLRW) with the same spatial curvatures. The interest to consider more general geometries arises in particular in view of the difficulty so far encountered in building stable cosmological solutions with homogeneous and isotropic metrics. Here we consider a number of cases in which the two metrics take more general forms, namely FLRW with different spatial curvatures, Lema\\^{i}tre, Lema\\^{i}tre-Tolman-Bondi (LTB), and Bianchi I, as well as cases where only one metric is linearly perturbed. We discuss possible consistent combinations and find that only some special cases of FLRW-Lema\\^{i}tre, LTB-LTB and FLRW-Bianchi I combinations give consistent, non-trivial solutions.

Henrik Nersisyan; Yashar Akrami; Luca Amendola

2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

439

Pseudorandom number generator for massively parallel molecular-dynamics simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A class of uniform pseudorandom number generators is proposed for modeling and simulations on massively parallel computers. The algorithm is simple, nonrecursive, and is easily transported to serial or vector computers. We have tested the procedure for uniformity, independence, and correlations by several methods. Related, less complex sequences passed some of these tests well enough; however, inadequacies were revealed by tests for correlations and in an interesting application, namely, annealing from an initial lattice that is mechanically unstable. In the latter case, initial velocities chosen by a random number generator that is not sufficiently random lead quickly to unphysical regularity in grain structure. The new class of generators passes this dynamical diagnostic for unwanted correlations.

Brad Lee Holian; Ora E. Percus; Tony T. Warnock; Paula A. Whitlock

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

EFTCAMB/EFTCosmoMC: massive neutrinos in dark cosmologies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We revisit the degeneracy between massive neutrinos and generalized theories of gravity in the framework of effective field theory of cosmic acceleration. In particular we consider f(R) theories and a class of non-minimally coupled models parametrized via a coupling to gravity which is linear in the scale factor. In the former case, we find a slightly lower degeneracy with respect to what found so far in the literature, due to the fact that we implement exact designer f(R) models and evolve the full linear dynamics of perturbations. As a consequence, our bounds are slightly tighter on the f(R) parameter but looser on the summed neutrino mass. We also set a new upper bound on the Compton wavelength parameter ${\\rm Log}_{10}B_0dark energy survey. We do...

Hu, Bin; Silvestri, Alessandra; Frusciante, Noemi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

DWARF GALAXIES WITH OPTICAL SIGNATURES OF ACTIVE MASSIVE BLACK HOLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a sample of 151 dwarf galaxies (10{sup 8.5} ?< M{sub *} ?< 10{sup 9.5} M{sub ?}) that exhibit optical spectroscopic signatures of accreting massive black holes (BHs), increasing the number of known active galaxies in this stellar-mass range by more than an order of magnitude. Utilizing data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 8 and stellar masses from the NASA-Sloan Atlas, we have systematically searched for active BHs in ?25,000 emission-line galaxies with stellar masses comparable to the Magellanic Clouds and redshifts z < 0.055. Using the narrow-line [O III]/H? versus [N II]/H? diagnostic diagram, we find photoionization signatures of BH accretion in 136 galaxies, a small fraction of which also exhibit broad H? emission. For these broad-line active galactic nucleus (AGN) candidates, we estimate BH masses using standard virial techniques and find a range of 10{sup 5} ?< M{sub BH} ?< 10{sup 6} M{sub ?} and a median of M{sub BH} ? 2 × 10{sup 5} M{sub ?}. We also detect broad H? in 15 galaxies that have narrow-line ratios consistent with star-forming galaxies. Follow-up observations are required to determine if these are true type 1 AGN or if the broad H? is from stellar processes. The median absolute magnitude of the host galaxies in our active sample is M{sub g} = –18.1 mag, which is ?1-2 mag fainter than previous samples of AGN hosts with low-mass BHs. This work constrains the smallest galaxies that can form a massive BH, with implications for BH feedback in low-mass galaxies and the origin of the first supermassive BH seeds.

Reines, Amy E. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (United States); Greene, Jenny E. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Geha, Marla, E-mail: areines@nrao.edu [Department of Astronomy, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Generic physical protection logic trees  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Generic physical protection logic trees, designed for application to nuclear facilities and materials, are presented together with a method of qualitative evaluation of the trees for design and analysis of physical protection systems. One or more defense zones are defined where adversaries interact with the physical protection system. Logic trees that are needed to describe the possible scenarios within a defense zone are selected. Elements of a postulated or existing physical protection system are tagged to the primary events of the logic tree. The likelihood of adversary success in overcoming these elements is evaluated on a binary, yes/no basis. The effect of these evaluations is propagated through the logic of each tree to determine whether the adversary is likely to accomplish the end event of the tree. The physical protection system must be highly likely to overcome the adversary before he accomplishes his objective. The evaluation must be conducted for all significant states of the site. Deficiencies uncovered become inputs to redesign and further analysis, closing the loop on the design/analysis cycle.

Paulus, W.K.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Development and testing of an improved dosimetry system using a backscatter shielded electronic portal imaging device  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate the properties of a modified backscatter shielded electronic portal imaging device (BSS-EPID) and to develop a dose model to convert BSS-EPID images to dose in water as part of an improved system for dosimetry using EPIDs. Methods: The effectiveness of the shielding of the BSS-EPID was studied by comparing images measured with the BSS-EPID mounted on the support arm to images measured with the BSS-EPID removed from the support arm. A dose model was developed and optimized to reconstruct dose in water at different depths from measured BSS-EPID images. The accuracy of the dose model was studied using BSS-EPID images of 28 IMRT fields to reconstruct dose in water at depths of 2, 5, 10, and 20 cm and comparing to measured dose in water from a two-dimensional diode array at the same depths. The ability of the BSS-EPID system to operate independently of detector position was demonstrated by comparing the dose reconstruction of a 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} field using different detector offsets to that measured by a two-dimensional diode array. Results: The shielding of the BSS-EPID was found to be effective, with more than 99% of pixels showing less than 0.5% change due to the presence of the support arm and at most a 0.2% effect on the central axis for 2 x 2 cm{sup 2} fields to fully open 30 x 40 cm{sup 2} images. The dose model was shown to accurately reconstruct measurements of dose in water using BSS-EPID images with average {gamma} pass rates (2%, 2 mm criteria) of 92.5%, 98.7%, 97.4%, and 97.2% at depths of 2, 5, 10, and 20 cm, respectively, when compared to two-dimensional diode array measurements. When using 3%, 3 mm {gamma} criteria, the average pass rate was greater than 97% at all depths. Reconstructed dose in water for a 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} field measured with detector offsets as large as 10 cm agreed with each other and two-dimensional diode array measurements within 0.9%. Conclusions: The modified BSS-EPID and associated dose model provide an improved system for dosimetry measurements using EPIDs. Several important limitations of the current hardware and software are addressed by this system.

King, Brian W.; Morf, Daniel; Greer, Peter B. [School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales 2308 (Australia); Varian Medical Systems Imaging, Laboratory GmbH, Baden-Daettwil, CH-5405 (Switzerland); Department of Radiation Oncology, Calvary Mater Newcastle Hospital, Newcastle, New South Wales 2310 (Australia) and School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales 2308 (Australia)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

444

Biological Safety Cabinets n Product protection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2.7 #12;Biological Safety Cabinets Purpose n Product protection n Personal protection n Environmental protection 2.7 #12;Biological Safety Cabinets Types A. Class I n inward airflow protects worker n" work area n use for work with aerosol-transmissible micro- organisms n use also for tissue culture

Collins, Gary S.

445

Motion of Spin 1/2 Massive Particle in a Curved Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Quasi-classical picture of motion of spin 1/2 massive particle in a curved spacetime is built on base of simple Lagrangian model. The one is constructed due to analogy with Lagrangian of massive vector particle. Equations of motion and spin propagation coincide with Papapetrou equations describing dynamic of classical spinning particle in a curved spacetime.

A. T. Muminov

2007-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

446

Evolution of massive Be and Oe stars at low metallicity towards the Long Gamma Ray bursts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evolution of massive Be and Oe stars at low metallicity towards the Long Gamma Ray bursts C and massive stars, and the theoretical predictions of the characteristics must have the long gamma-ray burst of that document deals with the long soft gamma ray bursts (here type 2 bursts) and their possible relationship

447

The Evolution of the Massively Parallel Processing Database in Support of Visual Analytics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article explores the evolution of the Massively Parallel Processing MPP database, focusing on trends of particular relevance to analytics. The dramatic shift of database vendors and leading companies to utilize MPP databases and deploy an Enterprise ... Keywords: Decision Support Workload, Enterprise Analytics, Enterprise Data Warehouse EDW, Massively Parallel Processing MPP Database, Visual Analytics

Ian A. Willson

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

ComSIS Vol. 1, No. 1, February 2004 75 Network Models of Massive Datasets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ComSIS Vol. 1, No. 1, February 2004 75 Network Models of Massive Datasets Vladimir Boginski 1 overview of the methodology of modeling massive datasets arising in various applications as networks. This approach is often useful for extracting non-trivial information from the datasets by applying standard

Butenko, Sergiy

449

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas N. Chernov1,4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of a Massive Piston in an Ideal Gas N. Chernov1,4 , J. L. Lebowitz2,4 , and Ya. Sinai3 January 1, 2003 Abstract We study a dynamical system consisting of a massive piston in a cubical con- tainer of large size L filled with an ideal gas. The piston has mass M L2 and undergoes elastic

450

Stability of Solutions of Hydrodynamic Equations Describing the Scaling Limit of a Massive Piston in an  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stability of Solutions of Hydrodynamic Equations Describing the Scaling Limit of a Massive Piston of a system con- sisting of a massive piston immersed in an ideal gas of point particles in a box. We find of a system consisting of a piston of mass M moving parallel to the x-axis in a cube containing non

Chernov, Nikolai

451

Fail-safe ion chamber errant beam detector tailored for personnel protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fail-safe ion chamber system is designed to be part of the personnel safety system (PSS) for the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Its job is to protect the occupants of the experimental areas from large radiation doses caused by errant beam conditions during beam transport from the Proton Storage Ring (PSR) to the LANSCE neutron spallation target. The worst case beam spill scenario is calculated to result in a personnel exposure of about 0.01 Gys/s (1 rad/s). Although the preferred solution is to increase the bulk shielding between the beam line and the experimental area, the physical dimensions of the site do not permit an adequate amount of shielding to be added. The solution adopted is a layered system of three types of highly reliable detector systems: a current limiter system located in the beam line, a neutron detector system located in the experimental areas, and an ion chamber system located on the walls of the beam line tunnels. The ion chamber system is capable of shutting off the beam in less than 0.5 s, resulting in a worst case personnel exposure of 0.005 Gys (0.5 rad). 4 figs.

Plum, M.A.; Browman, A.A.; Brown, D.; Lee, D.M.; McCabe, C.W.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) has submitted a planned change request to use shielded containers for emplacement of selected remote-handled (RH) transuranic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that the use of shielded canisters for these waste streams has an insignificant impact on long-term performance the disruptions from in-the-wall emplacement of RH TRU waste canisters while providing additional storage shielded containers for emplacement of selected remote-handled (RH) transuranic (TRU) waste streams

453

Independent Activity Report, Washington River Protection Solutions -  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Washington River Protection Solutions Washington River Protection Solutions - September 2010 Independent Activity Report, Washington River Protection Solutions - September 2010 September 2010 Participation in the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Integrated Safety Management System Annual Review The U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Independent Oversight, within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS), participated in the review of the Washington River Protection Solutions, LLC Integrated Safety Management System Annual Review for 2010. The review was conducted during the period of August 23 to September 2, 2010, and focused on six functional areas: corrective action management, work planning and control, radiological protection, environmental protection, emergency preparedness, and

454

Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency -  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Environmental Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Environmental Protection Agency - Edison, New Jersey on AddThis.com... Energy-Efficient Products

455

1993 Radiation Protection Workshop: Proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 1993 DOE Radiation Protection Workshop was conducted from April 13 through 15, 1993 in Las Vegas, Nevada. Over 400 Department of Energy Headquarters and Field personnel and contractors from the DOE radiological protection community attended the Workshop. Forty-nine papers were presented in eleven separate sessions: Radiological Control Manual Implementation, New Approaches to Instrumentation and Calibration, Radiological Training Programs and Initiatives, External Dosimetry, Internal Dosimetry, Radiation Exposure Reporting and Recordkeeping, Air Sampling and Monitoring Issues, Decontamination and Decommissioning of Sites, Contamination Monitoring and Control, ALARA/Radiological Engineering, and Current and Future Health Physics Research. Individual papers are indexed separately on the database.

Not Available

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

456

A NEW ALGORITHM FOR RADIOISOTOPE IDENTIFICATION OF SHIELDED AND MASKED SNM/RDD MATERIALS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Detection and identification of shielded and masked nuclear materials is crucial to national security, but vast borders and high volumes of traffic impose stringent requirements for practical detection systems. Such tools must be be mobile, and hence low power, provide a low false alarm rate, and be sufficiently robust to be operable by non-technical personnel. Currently fielded systems have not achieved all of these requirements simultaneously. Transport modeling such as that done in GADRAS is able to predict observed spectra to a high degree of fidelity; our research is focusing on a radionuclide identification algorithm that inverts this modeling within the constraints imposed by a handheld device. Key components of this work include incorporation of uncertainty as a function of both the background radiation estimate and the hypothesized sources, dimensionality reduction, and nonnegative matrix factorization. We have partially evaluated performance of our algorithm on a third-party data collection made with two different sodium iodide detection devices. Initial results indicate, with caveats, that our algorithm performs as good as or better than the on-board identification algorithms. The system developed was based on a probabilistic approach with an improved approach to variance modeling relative to past work. This system was chosen based on technical innovation and system performance over algorithms developed at two competing research institutions. One key outcome of this probabilistic approach was the development of an intuitive measure of confidence which was indeed useful enough that a classification algorithm was developed based around alarming on high confidence targets. This paper will present and discuss results of this novel approach to accurately identifying shielded or masked radioisotopes with radiation detection systems.

Jeffcoat, R.

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

457

Characterization of the Radiation Shielding Properties of US andRussian EVA Suits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reported herein are results from the Eril Research, Inc.(ERI) participationin the NASA Johnson Space Center sponsored studycharacterizing the radiation shielding properties of the two types ofspace suit that astronauts are wearing during the EVA on-orbit assemblyof the International Space Station (ISS). Measurements using passivedetectors were carried out to assess the shielding properties of the USEMU Suit and the Russian Orlan-M suit during irradiations of the suitsand a tissue equivalent phantom to monoenergetic proton and electronbeams at the Loma Linda University Medical Center (LLUMC). Duringirradiations of 6 MeV electrons and 60 MeV protons, absorbed dose as afunction of depth was measured using TLDs exposed behind swatches of thetwo suit materials and inside the two EVA helmets. Considerable reductionin electron dosewas measured behind all suit materials in exposures to 6MeV electrons. Slowing of the proton beam in the suit materials led to anincrease in dose measured in exposures to 60 MeV protons. During 232 MeVproton irradiations, measurements were made with TLDs and CR-39 PNTDs atfive organ locations inside a tissue equivalent phantom, exposed bothwith and without the two EVA suits. The EVA helmets produce a 13 to 27percent reduction in total dose and a 0 to 25 percent reduction in doseequivalent when compared to measurements made in the phantom head alone.Differences in dose and dose equivalent between the suit and non-suitirradiations forthe lower portions of the two EVA suits tended to besmaller. Proton-induced target fragmentation was found to be asignificant source of increased dose equivalent, especially within thetwo EVA helmets, and average quality factor inside the EMU and Orlan-Mhelmets was 2 to 14 percent greater than that measured in the barephantom head.

Benton, E.R.; Benton, E.V.; Frank, A.L.

2001-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

458

Flow distribution analysis on the cooling tube network of ITER thermal shield  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal shield (TS) is to be installed between the vacuum vessel or the cryostat and the magnets in ITER tokamak to reduce the thermal radiation load to the magnets operating at 4.2K. The TS is cooled by pressurized helium gas at the inlet temperature of 80K. The cooling tube is welded on the TS panel surface and the composed flow network of the TS cooling tubes is complex. The flow rate in each panel should be matched to the thermal design value for effective radiation shielding. This paper presents one dimensional analysis on the flow distribution of cooling tube network for the ITER TS. The hydraulic cooling tube network is modeled by an electrical analogy. Only the cooling tube on the TS surface and its connecting pipe from the manifold are considered in the analysis model. Considering the frictional factor and the local loss in the cooling tube, the hydraulic resistance is expressed as a linear function with respect to mass flow rate. Sub-circuits in the TS are analyzed separately because each circuit is controlled by its own control valve independently. It is found that flow rates in some panels are insufficient compared with the design values. In order to improve the flow distribution, two kinds of design modifications are proposed. The first one is to connect the tubes of the adjacent panels. This will increase the resistance of the tube on the panel where the flow rate is excessive. The other design suggestion is that an orifice is installed at the exit of tube routing where the flow rate is to be reduced. The analysis for the design suggestions shows that the flow mal-distribution is improved significantly.

Nam, Kwanwoo; Chung, Wooho; Noh, Chang Hyun; Kang, Dong Kwon; Kang, Kyoung-O; Ahn, Hee Jae; Lee, Hyeon Gon [ITER Korea, National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon 305-333 (Korea, Republic of)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

459

Super-high-frequency shielding properties of excimer-laser-synthesized-single-wall-carbon-nanotubes/polyurethane nanocomposite films  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electromagnetic shielding attenuation (ESA) properties of carbon nanotubes/polymer nanocomposite films, in the super high frequency (SHF) X-band (7-12 GHz) domain are studied. The nanocomposite films consisted of thermoset polyurethane (PU) resin blended with single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) mats, and deposited on fused quartz substrates. Two different approaches were used to achieve the nanocomposite films, namely (i) through the on-substrate ''all-laser'' growth approach of SWCNTs directly onto substrate, followed by their infiltration by the PU resin, and (ii) by appropriately dispersing the chemically-purified SWCNTs (in the soot form) into the PU matrix and their subsequent deposition onto quartz substrates by means of a solvent casting process. Characterizations of the ESA properties of the developed nanocomposite films show that they exhibit systematically a deep shielding band, centered at around 9.5 GHz, with an attenuation as high as |- 30| dB, recorded for SWCNT loads of 2.5 wt. % and above. A direct correlation is established between the electrical conductivity of the nanocomposite films and their electromagnetic shielding capacity. The SWCNTs/PU nanocomposites developed here are highly promising shielding materials as SHF notch filters, as their ESA capacity largely exceeds the target value of |- 20| dB generally requested for commercial applications.

Aiessa, B.; Habib, M. A.; Denidni, T. A.; El Khakani, M. A. [Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, INRS-Energie, Materiaux et Telecommunications, 1650 Blvd. Lionel Boulet, C.P. 1020, Varennes, Quebec, J3X 1S2 (Canada); Laberge, L. L.; Therriault, D. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, P.O. Box 6079, Montreal, H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Estimation of the minimum shielding failure flashover current for first and subsequent lightning strokes to overhead transmission lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract ATP-EMTP simulations are performed to estimate the minimum shielding failure current causing flashover in overhead transmission lines with operating voltage in the range of 66 kV up to 735 kV. This critical current, affecting shielding failure flashover rate, is of great importance for assessing the insulation coordination of overhead transmission lines and the connected substations. The minimum shielding failure current causing flashover of line insulation is highly dependent upon insulator string flashover modelling and, also, markedly higher than that calculated according to the relevant IEEE Std 1243-1997 simplified expression. A modification of the latter is suggested by using multiplication factors of 1.5 and 1.65 for first and subsequent lightning strokes, respectively, so as to account for the increased dielectric strength of line insulator strings under non-standard lightning overvoltage surges. Alternatively, the critical currents can be respectively estimated by using average negative breakdown gradients per unit length of insulator string of 680 kV/m and 750 kV/m. The shielding failure flashover rate of the overhead transmission lines, being greatly influenced by insulator string flashover modelling, is lower than that obtained based on the critical current according to IEEE Std 1243-1997.

Zacharias G. Datsios; Pantelis N. Mikropoulos; Thomas E. Tsovilis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Calibration of the axafhrc UV/Ion shields at Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo G.S. Vaiana: I Instrumental setup  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the calibration of the AXAF­HRC UV/ion shield. The facility has been expanded to improve its performance been expanded. In particular, the addition of a UV beam line including a grazing incidence on cryogenic pumps for the chamber and on a magnetic levitation turbo molecular p

462

Above: Power deposition in the superconducting magnets and the tungsten-carbide + water shield inside them, according to a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

jet will disrupt the pool, unless mitigated by a splash suppressor. A SOLENOID CAPTURE SYSTEM Collider (MC) Comments Beam Power 4 MW No existing target system will survive at this power Ep 8 GeV yieldAbove: Power deposition in the superconducting magnets and the tungsten-carbide + water shield

McDonald, Kirk

463

fire Protection The Fire Protection Technology associate degree is awarded by UNL's College of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fire Protection DeGreeS offereD A.S. The Fire Protection Technology associate degree is awarded Protection courses are taught by UNL College of Engineering faculty, as well as fire service and industry fire protection specialists. These fire protection specialists teach students not only from textbooks

Farritor, Shane

464

Shielded Payload Containers Will Enhance the Safety and Efficiency of the DOE's Remote Handled Transuranic Waste Disposal Operations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) disposal operation currently employs two different disposal methods: one for Contact Handled (CH) waste and another for Remote Handled (RH) waste. CH waste is emplaced in a variety of payload container configurations on the floor of each disposal room. In contrast, RH waste is packaged into a single type of canister and emplaced in pre-drilled holes in the walls of disposal rooms. Emplacement of the RH waste in the walls must proceed in advance of CH waste emplacement. This poses a significant logistical constraint on waste handling operations by requiring significant coordination between waste characterization and preparations for shipping among the various generators. To improve operational efficiency, the Department of Energy (DOE) is proposing a new waste emplacement process for certain RH waste streams that can be safely managed in shielded containers. RH waste with relatively low gamma-emitting activity would be packaged in lead-lined containers, shipped to WIPP in existing certified transportation packages for CH waste, and emplaced in WIPP among the stacks of CH waste containers on the floor of a disposal room. RH waste with high gamma-emitting activity would continue to be emplaced in the boreholes along the walls. The new RH container appears essentially the same as a nominal 208-liter drum, but is built with about 2.5 cm of lead, sandwiched between thick steel sheet. The top and bottom are made of very thick plate steel, for strengthening the package to meet transportation requirements, and provide similar gamma attenuation. This robust configuration provides an overpack for waste that otherwise would be remotely handled. Up to a 3:1 reduction in number of shipments is projected if RH waste were transported in the proposed shielded containers. This paper describes the container design and testing, as well as the regulatory approach used to meet the requirements that apply to WIPP and its associated transportation system. This paper describes the RH transuranic waste inventory that may be candidates for packaging and emplacement in shielded containers. DOE does not propose to use shielded containers to increase the amount of RH waste allowed at WIPP. DOE's approach to gain approval for the transportation of shielded containers and to secure regulatory approval for use of shielded containers from WIPP regulators is discussed. Finally, the paper describes how DOE proposes to count the waste packaged into shielded containers against the RH waste inventory and how this will comply with the volume and radioactivity limitations imposed in the many and sometimes overlapping regulations that apply to WIPP. (authors)

Nelson, R.A. [U. S. Department of Energy, Carlsbad, New Mexico (United States); White, D.S. [Washington Group International, Carlsbad, New Mexico (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Shielding and criticality analyses of phase I reference truck and rail cask designs for spent nuclear fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results are presented herein to determine the adequacy with respect to shielding regulations of reference designs for a truck cask containing 2 PWR or 5 BWR assemblies of standard burnup (45 GWd/MTU for PWR, 40 GWd/MTU for BWR) and 1 PWR assembly with extended burnup (55 GWd/MTU). The study also includes reference and modified rail cask designs with projected payloads of 8, 10, or 12 PWR assemblies. The burnup/age trends are analyzed in one dimension for both Pb and depleted uranium (DU) gamma-ray shields. The results of the two-dimensional shielding analysis uphold the one-dimensional results as being an appropriate means of studying the burnup/age trends for the truck cask. These results show that the reference design for the Pb-shield truck cask is inadequate for all cases considered, while the DU-shield truck cask is capable of carrying the desired payloads. The one-dimensional shielding analysis results for the reference Pb and DU rail casks indicate substantial margins exist in the side doses for reasonable burnup/age combinations. For a Pb-cask configuration, margins exist primarily for long-cooled (15 years) fuel. For the modified Pb and DU rail casks, the 2-m dose rates offer substantial margins below the regulatory limits for all burnup values considered provided the spent fuel has cooled for {>=}10 years. The modified Pb and DU casks yield essentially identical results and, hence, could be considered equivalent from a shielding perspective. The criticality analyses that were performed indicate that a truck basket can be designed to provide an adequate subcritical margin for 2 PWR assemblies enriched to 5 wt%. While the 10- and 12- assembly rail cask designs are very close to the regulatory limit of 0.95 for k{sub eff}, after accounting for a 0.01 {Delta}k bias and 2 standard deviations, the limit is exceeded by about 3%. It is believed that a combination of decreased enrichments and/or increased water gaps should allow these baskets to be acceptable.

Broadhead, B.L.; Childs, R.L.; Parks, C.V.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Annular Vortex Generation for Inertial Fusion Energy Beam-Line Protection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of swirling annular vortex flow inside beam entrance tubes can protect beam-line structural materials in chambers for heavy-ion inertial fusion energy (IFE) applications. An annular wall jet, or vortex tube, is generated by injecting liquid tangent to the inner surface of a tube wall with both axially and azimuthally directed velocity components. A layer of liquid then lines the beam tube wall, which may improve the effectiveness of neutron shielding, and condenses and removes vaporized coolant that may enter the beam tubes. Vortex tubes have been constructed and tested with a thickness of three-tenths the pipe radius. Analysis of the flow is given, along with experimental examples of vortex tube fluid mechanics and an estimate of the layer thickness, based on simple mass conservation considerations.

Pemberton, Steven J.; Abbott, Ryan P.; Peterson, Per F. [University of California (United States)

2003-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

RADIATION PROTECTION KEYWORDS: equivalent sphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RADIATION PROTECTION KEYWORDS: equivalent sphere model, space radiation, organ dose IMPROVEMENT- alent sphere is used to represent the organ for a fast estimate of the organ dose. It has been found ~ESM! with an organ- specific constant radius parameter is used for fast estimates of the organ dose

Lin, Zi-wei

468

Protect Your Heart Against Diabetes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protect Your Heart Against Diabetes Healthy Hearts, Healthy Homes #12;Read other booklets in the Healthy Hearts, Healthy Homes series: Are You at Risk for Heart Disease? Do You Need To Lose Weight? Do Free Web site: www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/other/sp_package.htm For More Information

Bandettini, Peter A.

469

DARK MATTER HALO PROFILES OF MASSIVE CLUSTERS: THEORY VERSUS OBSERVATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dark-matter-dominated cluster-scale halos act as an important cosmological probe and provide a key testing ground for structure formation theory. Focusing on their mass profiles, we have carried out (gravity-only) simulations of the concordance {Lambda}CDM cosmology, covering a mass range of 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 12} to 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 15} h {sup -1} M{sub Sun} and a redshift range of z = 0-2, while satisfying the associated requirements of resolution and statistical control. When fitting to the Navarro-Frenk-White profile, our concentration-mass (c-M) relation differs in normalization and shape in comparison to previous studies that have limited statistics in the upper end of the mass range. We show that the flattening of the c-M relation with redshift is naturally expressed if c is viewed as a function of the peak height parameter, {nu}. Unlike the c-M relation, the slope of the c-{nu} relation is effectively constant over the redshift range z = 0-2, while the amplitude varies by {approx}30% for massive clusters. This relation is, however, not universal: using a simulation suite covering the allowed wCDM parameter space, we show that the c-{nu} relation varies by about {+-}20% as cosmological parameters are varied. At fixed mass, the c(M) distribution is well fit by a Gaussian with {sigma}{sub c}/(c) {approx_equal} 1/3, independent of the radius at which the concentration is defined, the halo dynamical state, and the underlying cosmology. We compare the {Lambda}CDM predictions with observations of halo concentrations from strong lensing, weak lensing, galaxy kinematics, and X-ray data, finding good agreement for massive clusters (M{sub vir} > 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 14} h {sup -1} M{sub Sun }), but with some disagreements at lower masses. Because of uncertainty in observational systematics and modeling of baryonic physics, the significance of these discrepancies remains unclear.

Bhattacharya, Suman; Habib, Salman; Heitmann, Katrin [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)] [High Energy Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Vikhlinin, Alexey [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2013-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

470

Shock-heating of stellar envelopes: a possible common mechanism at the origin of explosions and eruptions in massive stars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......generally, the low binding energy of massive-star envelopes...example. The origin of the energy deposition that we artificially...explosion or to a fizzle. Alternative sources in massive stars...objects with low binding energy, they may still be of...massive stars such as Car (not directly addressed......

Luc Dessart; Eli Livne; Roni Waldman

2010-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

471

The role of low-mass star clusters in massive star formation in Orion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To distinguish between the different theories proposed to explain massive star formation, it is crucial to establish the distribution, the extinction, and the density of low-mass stars in massive star-forming regions. We analyzed deep X-ray observations of the Orion massive star-forming region using the Chandra Orion Ultradeep Project (COUP) catalog. We found that pre-main sequence (PMS) low-mass stars cluster toward the three massive star-forming regions: the Trapezium Cluster (TC), the Orion Hot Core (OHC), and OMC1-S. We derived low-mass stellar densities of 10^{5} stars pc^{-3} in the TC and OMC1-S, and of 10^{6} stars pc^{-3} in the OHC. The close association between the low-mass star clusters with massive star cradles supports the role of these clusters in the formation of massive stars. The X-ray observations show for the first time in the TC that low-mass stars with intermediate extinction are clustered toward the position of the most massive star, which is surrounded by a ring of non-extincted low-ma...

Rivilla, V M; Jimenez-Serra, I; Rodriguez-Franco, A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Massive-muon-pair production at high energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of the inclusive massive-?-pair production process in high-energy proton-proton collisions is presented based on the combined assumptions of light-cone (LC) expansions and multi-Regge theory. The scaling limit is LC dominated and the assumed strongly convergent Regge theory leads to dominance by the leading LC singularities. The resulting amplitude is expressed as a sum of two distinct contributions, a "pionization" piece, which dominates at large dimuon mass M, and a "fragmentation" piece, which dominates at smaller M. The result of the combination of these two contributions, each of fast decrease in M, can produce a shoulder in the d ?dM cross section, as seems to be present experimentally. This requires a small, perhaps vanishing, Pomeron-particle-Pomeron coupling at t=0. A phenomenological model, which simply incorporates the derived behaviors of the scattering amplitude, is introduced to fit the data quantitatively. A good fit to the d ?dM data (at fixed energy) fixes the (five) parameters. The model then is compared with the experimental curves for the transverse and longitudinal dimuon cross sections and the total (energy-dependent) cross section. Good agreement is found. A comparison with the parton model is also given.

R. A. Brandt, A. Kaufman, and G. Preparata

1974-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Observational constraints on growth of massive black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the observational constraints on the growth of massive black holes (BHs) in galactic nuclei. We use the velocity dispersions of early-type galaxies obtained by the SDSS and the relation between BH mass and velocity dispersion to estimate the local BH mass density to be 2.5x10^5 Msun/Mpc^3. We also use the QSO luminosity function from the 2dF Redshift Survey to estimate the BH mass density accreted during optically bright QSO phases. The local BH mass density is consistent with the density accreted during optically bright QSO phases if QSOs have an efficiency 0.1. By studying the continuity equation for the BH mass distribution, including the effect of BH mergers, we find relations between the local BH mass function and the QSO luminosity function. If the BH mass is assumed to be conserved during BH mergers, comparison of the predicted relations with the observations suggests that luminous QSOs (L_{bol}>10^{46} erg/s) have a high efficiency (e.g. 0.2), and the growth of high-mass BHs (>10^8 Msun) comes mainly from accretion during optically bright QSO phases, or that luminous QSOs have a super-Eddington luminosity. If luminous QSOs are not accreting with super-Eddington luminosities and the growth of low-mass BHs also occurs mainly during optically bright QSO phases, less luminous QSOs must accrete with a low efficiency 0.1.

Qingjuan Yu; Scott Tremaine

2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

474

Vacuum energy density and pressure of a massive scalar field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With a view toward application of the Pauli-Villars regularization method to the Casimir energy of boundaries, we calculate the expectation values of the components of the stress tensor of a confined massive field in 1+1 space-time dimensions. Previous papers by Hays and Fulling are bridged and generalized. The Green function for the time-independent Schrodinger equation is constructed from the Green function for the whole line by the method of images; equivalently, the one-dimensional system is solved exactly in terms of closed classical paths and periodic orbits. Terms in the energy density and in the eigenvalue density attributable to the two boundaries individually and those attributable to the confinement of the field to a finite interval are distinguished so that their physical origins are clear. Then the pressure is found similarly from the cylinder kernel, the Green function associated most directly with an exponential frequency cutoff of the Fourier mode expansion. Finally, we discuss how the theory could be rendered finite by the Pauli-Villars method.

Fernando Daniel Mera; S. A. Fulling

2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

475

Massively parallel processor networks with optical express channels  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical method for separating and routing local and express channel data comprises interconnecting the nodes in a network with fiber optic cables. A single fiber optic cable carries both express channel traffic and local channel traffic, e.g., in a massively parallel processor (MPP) network. Express channel traffic is placed on, or filtered from, the fiber optic cable at a light frequency or a color different from that of the local channel traffic. The express channel traffic is thus placed on a light carrier that skips over the local intermediate nodes one-by-one by reflecting off of selective mirrors placed at each local node. The local-channel-traffic light carriers pass through the selective mirrors and are not reflected. A single fiber optic cable can thus be threaded throughout a three-dimensional matrix of nodes with the x,y,z directions of propagation encoded by the color of the respective light carriers for both local and express channel traffic. Thus frequency division multiple access is used to hierarchically separate the local and express channels to eliminate the bucket brigade latencies that would otherwise result if the express traffic had to hop between every local node to reach its ultimate destination.

Deri, Robert J. (Pleasanton, CA); Brooks, III, Eugene D. (Livermore, CA); Haigh, Ronald E. (Tracy, CA); DeGroot, Anthony J. (Castro Valley, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

HERSCHEL REVEALS MASSIVE COLD CLUMPS IN NGC 7538  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the first overview of the Herschel observations of the nearby high-mass star-forming region NGC 7538, taken as part of the Herschel imaging study of OB young stellar objects (HOBYS) Key Programme. These PACS and SPIRE maps cover an approximate area of one square degree at five submillimeter and far-infrared wavebands. We have identified 780 dense sources and classified 224 of those. With the intention of investigating the existence of cold massive starless or class 0-like clumps that would have the potential to form intermediate- to high-mass stars, we further isolate 13 clumps as the most likely candidates for follow-up studies. These 13 clumps have masses in excess of 40 M{sub Sun} and temperatures below 15 K. They range in size from 0.4 pc to 2.5 pc and have densities between 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 3} cm{sup -3} and 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} cm{sup -3}. Spectral energy distributions are then used to characterize their energetics and evolutionary state through a luminosity-mass diagram. NGC 7538 has a highly filamentary structure, previously unseen in the dust continuum of existing submillimeter surveys. We report the most complete imaging to date of a large, evacuated ring of material in NGC 7538 which is bordered by many cool sources.

Fallscheer, C.; Di Francesco, J.; Sadavoy, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 355, STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada); Reid, M. A. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4 (Canada); Martin, P. G.; Nguyen-Luong, Q. [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada); Hill, T.; Hennemann, M.; Motte, F.; Men'shchikov, A.; Andre, Ph.; Konyves, V.; Sauvage, M. [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique, Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Ward-Thompson, D.; Kirk, J. [Jeremiah Horrocks Institute, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, Lancashire, PR1 2HE (United Kingdom); Griffin, M. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Cardiff University, Queen's Buildings, The Parade, Cardiff CF24 3AA (United Kingdom); Rygl, K. L. J.; Benedettini, M. [INAF, Istituto di Astrofisica e Planetologia Spaziali, Area di Ricerca di Tor Vergata, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Schneider, N. [Universite de Bordeaux, LAB, UMR 5804, F-33270, Floirac (France); Anderson, L. D. [Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, CNRS/INSU, Universite de Provence, F-13388 Marseille Cedex 13 (France); and others

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

477

Instabilities in the Envelopes and Winds of Very Massive Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The high luminosity of Very Massive Stars (VMS) means that radiative forces play an important, dynamical role both in the structure and stability of their stellar envelope, and in driving strong stellar-wind mass loss. Focusing on the interplay of radiative flux and opacity, with emphasis on key distinctions between continuum vs. line opacity, this chapter reviews instabilities in the envelopes and winds of VMS. Specifically, we discuss how: 1) the iron opacity bump can induce an extensive inflation of the stellar envelope; 2) the density dependence of mean opacity leads to strange mode instabilities in the outer envelope; 3) desaturation of line-opacity by acceleration of near-surface layers initiates and sustains a line-driven stellar wind outflow; 4) an associated line-deshadowing instability leads to extensive small-scale structure in the outer regions of such line-driven winds; 5) a star with super-Eddington luminosity can develop extensive atmospheric structure from photon bubble instabilities, or from ...

Owocki, Stanley P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Vacuum energy density and pressure of a massive scalar field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

With a view toward application of the Pauli-Villars regularization method to the Casimir energy of boundaries, we calculate the expectation values of the components of the stress tensor of a confined massive field in 1+1 space-time dimensions. Previous papers by Hays and Fulling are bridged and generalized. The Green function for the time-independent Schrodinger equation is constructed from the Green function for the whole line by the method of images; equivalently, the one-dimensional system is solved exactly in terms of closed classical paths and periodic orbits. Terms in the energy density and in the eigenvalue density attributable to the two boundaries individually and those attributable to the confinement of the field to a finite interval are distinguished so that their physical origins are clear. Then the pressure is found similarly from the cylinder kernel, the Green function associated most directly with an exponential frequency cutoff of the Fourier mode expansion. Finally, we discuss how the theory could be rendered finite by the Pauli-Villars method.

Fernando Daniel Mera; S. A. Fulling

2015-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

479

Shore Protection Act (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Shore Protection Act (Georgia) Shore Protection Act (Georgia) Shore Protection Act (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Transportation Utility Savings Category Water Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Shore Protection Act is the primary legal authority for protection and management of Georgia's shoreline features including sand dunes, beaches, sandbars, and shoals, collectively known as the sand-sharing system. The value of the sand-sharing system is recognized as vitally important in protecting the coastal marshes and uplands from Atlantic storm activity, as well as providing valuable recreational opportunities.

480

Outflow Feedback Regulated Massive Star Formation in Parsec-Scale Cluster Forming Clumps  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate massive star formation in turbulent, magnetized, parsec-scale clumps of molecular clouds including protostellar outflow feedback using three dimensional numerical simulations of effective resolution 2048{sup 3}. The calculations are carried out using a block structured adaptive mesh refinement code that solves the ideal MHD equations including self-gravity and implements accreting sink particles. We find that, in the absence of regulation by magnetic fields and outflow feedback, massive stars form readily in a turbulent, moderately condensed clump of {approx} 1,600 M{sub {circle_dot}} (containing {approx} 10{sup 2} initial Jeans masses), along with a cluster of hundreds of lower mass stars. The massive stars are fed at high rates by (1) transient dense filaments produced by large-scale turbulent compression at early times, and (2) by the clump-wide global collapse resulting from turbulence decay at late times. In both cases, the bulk of the massive star's mass is supplied from outside a 0.1 pc-sized 'core' that surrounds the star. In our simulation, the massive star is clump-fed rather than core-fed. The need for large-scale feeding makes the massive star formation prone to regulation by outflow feedback, which directly opposes the feeding processes. The outflows reduce the mass accretion rates onto the massive stars by breaking up the dense filaments that feed the massive star formation at early times, and by collectively slowing down the global collapse that fuel the massive star formation at late times. The latter is aided by a moderate magnetic field of strength in the observed range (corresponding to a dimensionless clump mass-to-flux ratio {lambda} {approx} a few); the field allows the outflow momenta to be deposited more efficiently inside the clump. We conclude that the massive star formation in our simulated turbulent, magnetized, parsec-scale clump is outflow-regulated and clump-fed (ORCF for short). An important implication is that the formation of low-mass stars in a dense clump can affect the formation of massive stars in the same clump, through their outflow feedback on the clump dynamics. In a companion paper, we discuss the properties of the lower mass cluster members formed along with the massive stars, including their mass distribution and spatial clustering.

Wang, Peng; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys.Dept.; Li, Zhi-Yun; /Virginia U., Astron. Dept.; Abel, Tom; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Stanford U., Phys.Dept.; Nakamura, Fumitaka; /Niigata U.

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "massive protective shield" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

EO 11990: Protection Of Wetlands  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

90-Protection Of Wetlands 90-Protection Of Wetlands SOURCE: The provisions of Executive Order 11990 of May 24, 1977, appear at 42 FR 26961, 3 CFR, 1977 Comp., p. 121, unless otherwise noted. By virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and statutes of the United States of America, and as President of the United States of America, in furtherance of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et s eq.), in order to avoid to the extent possible the long and short term adverse impacts associated with the destruction or modification of wetlands and to avoid direct or indirect support of new construction in wetlands wherever there is a practicable alternative, it is hereby ordered as follows: SECTION 1. (a) Each agency shall provide leadership and shall take action to minimize the

482

Groundwater Protection, Brookhaven National Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Groundwater Groundwater placeholder DOE, BNL, elected officials, and community leaders mark the opening of the first off-site groundwater treatment system. From the outset, the Department of Energy (DOE) and the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) considered the protection of human health to be the most important goal of the cleanup program. Because exposure to groundwater contamination had the greatest potential to impact human health, the focus was to ensure that local drinking water supplies were clean and safe. Early efforts concentrated on determining the locations of the contamination, installing treatment systems to clean up the groundwater, and remediating sources of contamination like landfills and underground tanks. DOE and the Lab are committed to protecting Long Island's sole-source aquifer, a vital natural resource.

483

Protection of Human Research Subjects  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

The order establishes Department of Energy (DOE) procedures and responsibilities for implementing the policy and requirements set forth in Title 10 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 745, Protection of Human Subjects, 45 CFR Part 46, and the Secretarial Policy Memorandum on Military or Intelligence-Related Human Subject Research, December 9, 2009. Cancels DOE O 443.1A and DOE P 443.1A.

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

484

Peer review in child protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Safeguarding children work is complex and challenging. Peer review provides a forum for paediatricians to discuss child protection cases to ensure the management of the child meets accepted standards of practice. The process involves retrospective review of cases, photo documentation, the medical report and multiagency working. It provides a culture of learning, professional development and support, with an opportunity to discuss cases in a suitable environment and to debrief following difficult cases. Clinical governance frameworks identify the importance of peer review and clinical supervision: there are increasing expectations that Health Trusts/Boards will have to provide data on attendance for external review. Both clinical supervision and peer review are forms of reflective practice and developmental activities that give practitioners the opportunity to learn from their experience and develop their expertise within clinical practice. Child protection peer review meetings with clear terms of reference should be set up in all health organisations employing paediatricians working in child protection. All paediatricians should be able to access and attend child protection peer review, supervision and support which should be identified in their job plans. Peer review is recognised as Continual Professional Development. Following discussion any change in opinion is the lead consultant's responsibility. It must be clear that peer review supports the responsible paediatrician in reaching a conclusion and does not provide a formal second opinion to be used in court. Peer review has a role to play in maintaining public and court confidence. It is the paediatrician's attendance at peer review that provides assurance to court that standards are being met, not that the specific case has been peer reviewed. Clinicians who don't attend are at risk of being perceived as maverick.

Alison Mott; Amanda Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Password Generation, Protection, and Use  

Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

To establish minimum requirements for the generation, protection, and use of passwords to support authentication when accessing classified and unclassified Department of Energy (DOE) information systems. DOE N 205.16, dated 9-15-05, extends this Notice until 9-30-06, unless sooner rescinded. Cancels DOE M 471.2-2, Chapter VI, paragraphs 4j(2), and 4j(6) and Chapter VII, paragraph 12a(2)(a).

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

486

Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fire Protection Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide SEPTEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. ii PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................................1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................1 PREFACE.......................................................................................................................................1 TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES................................................................................................3

487

Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 May 2009 Demonstrating commercially availale physical security/force protection soultions around the world The bombing of Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia on 25 June 1996 revealed the need for continal vigilance and protection againist terrorist forces intent on harming US personnel and interests. The Chairman if the Joint Chiefs of Staff directed the Services to investigate COTS equipments solutions for physical security/force protection needs. The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquistion, Technology, and Logistics (OUSD {at&l}) tasked the Office of the US Army Product Manager, force Protection Systems (PM-FPS), to coordiante and facilitate a Force Protection Equipment

488

Help:Protected pages | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Protected pages Protected pages Jump to: navigation, search A protected page is a page where normal users are prevented from editing and/or moving at all. Only a user with sysop permissions can edit or move a protected page. Likewise only sysop users can protect a page in the first place, or unprotect the page to lift the restriction. There are several reasons why a particular page might be protected: On public wikis, pages may be protected because they have been repeatedly targeted with vandalism or moved to bad titles, or where it is believed that vandalism or page moves would have a unusually severe impact. On corporate wikis, pages may be protected when they contain statements which have been approved by management, and policy dictates that those statements can't be changed without following a certain approval

489

Conservation Easements: Biodiversity Protection and Private Use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Conservation Easements: Biodiversity Protection and Private Use ADENA R. RISSMAN, LYNN LOZIER.S.A. Abstract: Conservation easements are one of the primary tools for conserving biodiversity on private land easements for biodiversity conservation. Keywords: biodiversity protection, conservation easement, land

Rissman, Adena

490

Fire Protection for Laboratories Using Chemicals  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Protection Engineer Fire Protection Engineering Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Phone 509-371-7902; Cell 509-308-7658 Fax 509-371-7890 andrew.minister@pnnl.gov Questions?...

491

Google Earth Tour: Waters LANL Protects  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Home > Clean the Past > What waters does LANL protect? PreviousNext Google Earth Tour: Waters LANL Protects Click here to load the tour...then click the play button below...

492

Water Protection Projects and Practices (Iowa)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This statute calls on soil and water conservation districts to carry out district-wide and multiple-district projects to support water protection practices, including projects to protect the state...

493

Order Module--RADIATION PROTECTION PROGRAMS GUIDE  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The familiar level of this module is designed to provide the basic information related to DOEG 441.1-1C, Radiation Protection Programs Guide, as required in DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection...

494

Intermittent cathodic protection using solar power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An intermittent impressed current cathodic protection technique using photovoltaic energy was evaluated to determine it`s ability to protect bridge concrete piles in marine environments against corrosion. The technique uses commercially available anode systems to deliver the cathodic protection current to the concrete and onto the reinforcing steel. Cathodic protection current is only applied during the daytime hours. The magnitude of the applied current was based on sunlight availability. An evaluation was conducted on laboratory specimens as well as in the field. The laboratory work was performed on steel reinforced concrete specimens placed in simulated salt water tanks. For the field evaluation, ten prestressed concrete piles of a bridge structure with an existing rectifier powered cathodic protection system were used. In both cases, intermittent cathodic protection was provided. Polarization and depolarization of the steel reinforcement as well as the protection current delivered were monitored to evaluate the cathodic protection performance as well as the behavior of periodic polarization-depolarization.

Kessler, R.J.; Powers, R.G.; Lasa, I.R. [Florida Dept. of Transportation, Gainesville, FL (United States). Corrosion Research Lab.

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

495

EM Sites Honored for Bird Protection Practices  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

WASHINGTON, D.C. – A federal council recently recognized two EM sites for efforts to protect migratory birds.

496

weapons material protection | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

weapons material protection | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering...

497

Public Safety and Resource Protection - Hanford Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Curation Services Ecological Monitoring Environmental Surveillance Meteorology and Climatology Services Seismic Monitoring Public Safety and Resource Protection Email Email Page...

498

Optimization of radiation protection: a bibliography  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides a bibliography of radiation protection optimization documents. Abstracts, an author index, and a subject index are provided.

Tang, G.R.; Khan, T.A.; Sullivan, S.G.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

CRAD, Environmental Protection - Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and Repackaging Facility CRAD, Fire Protection - Los Alamos National Laboratory Waste Characterization, Reduction, and...

500

IRAS 23385+6053: a candidate protostellar massive object  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the results of a multi-line and continuum study towards the source IRAS 23385+6053,performed with the IRAM-30m telescope, the Plateau de Bure Interferometer, the Very Large Array Interferometer and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The new results confirm our earlier findings, namely that IRAS 23385+6053 is a good candidate high-mass protostellar object, precursor of an ultracompact H$_{II}$ region. The source is roughly composed of two regions: a molecular core $\\sim0.03\\div0.04$ pc in size, with a temperature of $\\sim40$ K and an H$_{2}$ volume density of the order of 10$^{7}$ cm$^{-3}$, and an extended halo of diameter $\\leq$0.4 pc, with an average kinetic temperature of $\\sim 15$ K and H$_{2}$ volume density of the order of 10$^{5}$ cm$^{-3}$. The core temperature is much smaller than what is typically found in molecular cores of the same diameter surrounding massive ZAMS stars. We deduce that the core luminosity is between 150 and $1.6\\times10^{4}L_{\\odot}$, and we believe that the upper limit is near the ``true'' source luminosity. Moreover, by comparing the H$_{2}$ volume density obtained at different radii from the IRAS source, we find that the halo has a density profile of the type $n_{\\rm H_{2}}\\propto r^{-2.3}$. This suggests that the source is gravitationally unstable. Finally, we demonstrate that the temperature at the core surface is consistent with a core luminosity of $10^3 L_{\\odot}$ and conclude that we might be observing a protostar still accreting material from its parental cloud, whose mass at present is $\\sim 6 M_{\\odot}$.

F. Fontani; R. Cesaroni; L. Testi; C. M. Walmsley; S. Molinari; R. Neri; D. Shepherd; J. Brand; F. Palla; Q. Zhang

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z