Sample records for mass transfer constraints

  1. Mass Transfer Constraints On The Chemical Evolution Of An Active...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and unreacted rock and fluids, and mass balances calculations involving Cl in the glass phase, produced comparable water-rock ratios of unity, confirming the importance of...

  2. HIGEE Mass Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohr, R. J.; Fowler, R.

    HIGEE MASS TRANSFER R.J. Mohr and R. Fowler GLITSCH, INC. Dallas, Texas ABSTRACT Distillation, absorption, and gas stripping have traditionally been performed in tall columns utilizing trays or packing. Columns perform satisfactorily... transfer system which utilizes a rotating bed of packing to achieve high efficiency separations, and consequent reduction in size and weight. INTRODUCTION HIGEE is probably one of the most interesting developments in mass transfer equipment made...

  3. Mass transfer andMass transfer and Mass transfer andMass transfer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    't be determined A correlation for Sherwood number (Sh) based on di i l l i b d l i Sh diff idimensional analysis for mass transfer with convection: I l f d fl d b (l b l )­ Internal forced flow: inside a tube (laminar A in fluid medium B in a flow with characteristic velocity and size characteristic d: kA = f(d, w, (= fluid

  4. MassMass transfer andtransfer and MassMass transfer andtransfer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Heat conductivity T'1 Heat flux h" (W/m2), local and overall heat transfer coeffients h1 Heat transfer coefficientcoefficient /1/1 Mass flow species A:interface a p A = A mol/s M f1 (L) 2 (G) Mass transfer rate per area: A = A/a = "A mol/(m2·s) 1 (L) 2 (G) xi C1.i M t f ffi i t k x C y 1.i AA !!! Mass transfer coefficients

  5. Mass Transfer from Giant Donors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pavlovskii, K

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The stability of mass transfer in binaries with convective giant donors remains an open question in modern astrophysics. There is a significant discrepancy between what the existing methods predict for a response to mass loss of the giant itself, as well as for the mass transfer rate during the Roche lobe overflow. Here we show that the recombination energy in the superadiabatic layer plays an important and hitherto unaccounted-for role in he donor's response to mass loss, in particular on its luminosity and effective temperature. Our improved optically thick nozzle method to calculate the mass transfer rate via $L_1$ allows us to evolve binary systems for a substantial Roche lobe overflow. We propose a new, strengthened criterion for the mass transfer instability, basing it on whether the donor experiences overflow through its outer Lagrangian point. We find that with the new criterion, if the donor has a well-developed outer convective envelope, the critical initial mass ratio for which a binary would evolv...

  6. New. nu. constraints on Majorana mass matrices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dugan, M.J.; Manohar, A.; Nelson, A.E.

    1985-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss constraints on the three by three Majorana neutrino mass matrix consistent with neutrinoless double ..beta.. decay experiments, neutrino oscillation experiments, and the existence of a 17-keV neutrino. We find that ..nu../sub ..mu../ and ..nu../sub tau/ must be nearly degenerate, or ..nu../sub ..mu../ must be heavier than 250 keV. A new parametrization of the mixing in the neutrino sector is proposed. We give a simple example of a mass matrix which satisfies all constraints.

  7. Bioheat and Mass Transfer Educational Initiatives for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    fluid and molecular transport Cornell Datta Ugrad heat and mass fundamentals Datta fluid mechBioheat and Mass Transfer Educational Initiatives for ASME K-17 Committee Ken Diller University of Texas #12;Outline of Presentation · Summary of submitted bioheat and mass transfer syllabi from K-17

  8. Constraints on absolute neutrino Majorana mass from current data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yanqi

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new constraints on the neutrino Majorana masses from the current data of neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino flavour mixing. With the latest results of $0\

  9. Mass transfer at vertically oscillating surfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomaa, H.G. [Ontario Hydro Nuclear, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada); Landau, J. [Univ. of New Brunswick, Fredericton, NB (Canada); Tawell, A.M.A. [Technical Univ. of Nova Scotia, Halifax, NS (Canada)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis of mass transfer at vertically oscillating surfaces is presented. It takes into account the interaction between forced and natural convection and can be used under conditions where the fluid velocity outside the boundary layer changes direction. Because of the good agreement with experimental data, the model can explain the multi-fold increase in mass transfer coefficient obtained under oscillatory conditions. 8 refs., 3 figs.

  10. Mass transfer effects in a gasification riser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breault, Ronald W [U.S. DOE; Li, Tingwen [URS; Nicoletti, Phillip [URS

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the development of multiphase reacting computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes, a number of simplifications were incorporated into the codes and models. One of these simplifications was the use of a simplistic mass transfer correlation for the faster reactions and omission of mass transfer effects completely on the moderate speed and slow speed reactions such as those in a fluidized bed gasifier. Another problem that has propagated is that the mass transfer correlation used in the codes is not universal and is being used far from its developed bubbling fluidized bed regime when applied to circulating fluidized bed (CFB) riser reactors. These problems are true for the major CFD codes. To alleviate this problem, a mechanistic based mass transfer coefficient algorithm has been developed based upon an earlier work by Breault et al. This fundamental approach uses the local hydrodynamics to predict a local, time varying mass transfer coefficient. The predicted mass transfer coefficients and the corresponding Sherwood numbers agree well with literature data and are typically about an order of magnitude lower than the correlation noted above. The incorporation of the new mass transfer model gives the expected behavior for all the gasification reactions evaluated in the paper. At the expected and typical design values for the solid flow rate in a CFB riser gasifier an ANOVA analysis has shown the predictions from the new code to be significantly different from the original code predictions. The new algorithm should be used such that the conversions are not over predicted. Additionally, its behaviors with changes in solid flow rate are consistent with the changes in the hydrodynamics.

  11. MassMass transfer andtransfer and separation technologyseparation technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    ; for example L/L, L/S, S/S, G/L, G/L/Sexample L/L, L/S, S/S, G/L, G/L/S ­ Improved heat transfer to walls or heat exchange surfaces ­ Improved mass transfer, especially for immiscible liquids, G/L and L h t d f ti d Most mixtures will show tendency for segregation and an energy input is needed

  12. Scalability of mass transfer in liquid-liquid flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woitalka, A.

    We address liquid–liquid mass transfer between immiscible liquids using the system 1-butanol and water, with succinic acid as the mass transfer component. Using this system we evaluate the influence of two-phase flow ...

  13. Constraints on neutrino masses from future cosmological observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirano, Koichi [Department of Elementary Education, Tsuru University, Tsuru 402-8555 (Japan)

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Constraints on neutrino masses are estimated based on future observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) including the B-mode polarization produced by CMB lensing using the Planck satellite, and baryon acoustic oscillations distance scale and the galaxy power spectrum from all-sky galaxy redshift survey in the BigBOSS experiment. We estimate the error in the bound on the total neutrino mass to be ??m{sub v} = 0.012 eV with a 68% confidence level. If the fiducial value of the total neutrino mass is ?m{sub v} = 0.06 eV, this result implies that the neutrino mass hierarchy must be normal.

  14. 2.51 Intermediate Heat and Mass Transfer, Fall 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lienhard, John H., 1961-

    Analysis, modeling, and design of heat and mass transfer processes with application to common technologies. Unsteady heat conduction in one or more dimensions, steady conduction in multidimensional configurations, numerical ...

  15. Geoelectrical Measurement of Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day-Lewis, Frederick; Singha, Kamini; Haggerty, Roy; Johnson, Tim; Binley, Andrew; Lane, John

    2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Mass transfer affects contaminant transport and is thought to control the efficiency of aquifer remediation at a number of sites within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. An improved understanding of mass transfer is critical to meeting the enormous scientific and engineering challenges currently facing DOE. Informed design of site remedies and long-term stewardship of radionuclide-contaminated sites will require new cost-effective laboratory and field techniques to measure the parameters controlling mass transfer spatially and across a range of scales. In this project, we sought to capitalize on the geophysical signatures of mass transfer. Previous numerical modeling and pilot-scale field experiments suggested that mass transfer produces a geoelectrical signature—a hysteretic relation between sampled (mobile-domain) fluid conductivity and bulk (mobile + immobile) conductivity—over a range of scales relevant to aquifer remediation. In this work, we investigated the geoelectrical signature of mass transfer during tracer transport in a series of controlled experiments to determine the operation of controlling parameters, and also investigated the use of complex-resistivity (CR) as a means of quantifying mass transfer parameters in situ without tracer experiments. In an add-on component to our grant, we additionally considered nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to help parse mobile from immobile porosities. Including the NMR component, our revised study objectives were to: 1. Develop and demonstrate geophysical approaches to measure mass-transfer parameters spatially and over a range of scales, including the combination of electrical resistivity monitoring, tracer tests, complex resistivity, nuclear magnetic resonance, and materials characterization; and 2. Provide mass-transfer estimates for improved understanding of contaminant fate and transport at DOE sites, such as uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area. To achieve our objectives, we implemented a 3-part research plan involving (1) development of computer codes and techniques to estimate mass-transfer parameters from time-lapse electrical data; (2) bench-scale experiments on synthetic materials and materials from cores from the Hanford 300 Area; and (3) field demonstration experiments at the DOE’s Hanford 300 Area. In a synergistic add-on to our workplan, we analyzed data from field experiments performed at the DOE Naturita Site under a separate DOE SBR grant, on which PI Day-Lewis served as co-PI. Techniques developed for application to Hanford datasets also were applied to data from Naturita. 1. Introduction The Department of Energy (DOE) faces enormous scientific and engineering challenges associated with the remediation of legacy contamination at former nuclear weapons production facilities. Selection, design and optimization of appropriate site remedies (e.g., pump-and-treat, biostimulation, or monitored natural attenuation) requires reliable predictive models of radionuclide fate and transport; however, our current modeling capabilities are limited by an incomplete understanding of multi-scale mass transfer—its rates, scales, and the heterogeneity of controlling parameters. At many DOE sites, long “tailing” behavior, concentration rebound, and slower-than-expected cleanup are observed; these observations are all consistent with multi-scale mass transfer [Haggerty and Gorelick, 1995; Haggerty et al., 2000; 2004], which renders pump-and-treat remediation and biotransformation inefficient and slow [Haggerty and Gorelick, 1994; Harvey et al., 1994; Wilson, 1997]. Despite the importance of mass transfer, there are significant uncertainties associated with controlling parameters, and the prevalence of mass transfer remains a point of debate [e.g., Hill et al., 2006; Molz et al., 2006] for lack of experimental methods to verify and measure it in situ or independently of tracer breakthrough. There is a critical need for new field-experimental techniques to measure mass transfer in-situ and estimate multi-scale and spatially variable mass-transfer parame

  16. MassMass transfer andtransfer and separation technologyseparation technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    tower, or tray column and B from a mix Vaporisation cooling Energy, water h (enthalpy) Spray tower Driving force Apparatus Heat exchange Energy T Heat exchanger Gas absorption Mass G L c y-y* Packed tower, or tray columnor tray column Distillation Mass, two components A and B from a mix y*A-yA, yB-yB* Packed

  17. Geoelectrical Measurement of Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day-Lewis, Frederick David [U.S. Geological Survey; Singha, Kamini [Colorado School of Mines; Johnson, Timothy C. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Haggerty, Roy [Oregon State; Binley, Andrew [Lancaster University; Lane, John W. [US Geological Survey

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Mass transfer affects contaminant transport and is thought to control the efficiency of aquifer remediation at a number of sites within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. An improved understanding of mass transfer is critical to meeting the enormous scientific and engineering challenges currently facing DOE. Informed design of site remedies and long-term stewardship of radionuclide-contaminated sites will require new cost-effective laboratory and field techniques to measure the parameters controlling mass transfer spatially and across a range of scales. In this project, we sought to capitalize on the geophysical signatures of mass transfer. Previous numerical modeling and pilot-scale field experiments suggested that mass transfer produces a geoelectrical signature—a hysteretic relation between sampled (mobile-domain) fluid conductivity and bulk (mobile + immobile) conductivity—over a range of scales relevant to aquifer remediation. In this work, we investigated the geoelectrical signature of mass transfer during tracer transport in a series of controlled experiments to determine the operation of controlling parameters, and also investigated the use of complex-resistivity (CR) as a means of quantifying mass transfer parameters in situ without tracer experiments. In an add-on component to our grant, we additionally considered nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to help parse mobile from immobile porosities. Including the NMR component, our revised study objectives were to: 1. Develop and demonstrate geophysical approaches to measure mass-transfer parameters spatially and over a range of scales, including the combination of electrical resistivity monitoring, tracer tests, complex resistivity, nuclear magnetic resonance, and materials characterization; and 2. Provide mass-transfer estimates for improved understanding of contaminant fate and transport at DOE sites, such as uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area. To achieve our objectives, we implemented a 3-part research plan involving (1) development of computer codes and techniques to estimate mass-transfer parameters from time-lapse electrical data; (2) bench-scale experiments on synthetic materials and materials from cores from the Hanford 300 Area; and (3) field demonstration experiments at the DOE’s Hanford 300 Area. In a synergistic add-on to our workplan, we analyzed data from field experiments performed at the DOE Naturita Site under a separate DOE SBR grant, on which PI Day-Lewis served as co-PI. Techniques developed for application to Hanford datasets also were applied to data from Naturita.

  18. Mass Transfer Constraints On The Chemical Evolution Of An Active

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend <Stevens Jump to:source History ViewHydrothermal System,

  19. Heat and mass transfer analysis of a desiccant dehumidifier matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pesaran, A.A.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the SERI Single-Blow Test Facility's design, fabrication, and testing for characterizing desiccant dehumidifiers for solar cooling applications. The first test article, a silica-gel parallel-plate dehumidifier with highly uniform passages, was designed and fabricated. Transient heat and mass transfer data and pressure drop data across the dehumidifier were obtained. Available heat and mass transfer models were extended to the parallel-place geometry, and the experimental data were compared with model predictions. Pressure drop measurements were also compared with model predictions of the fully developed laminar flow theory. The comparisons between the lumped-capacitance model and the experimental data were satisfactory. The pressure drop data compared satisfactorily with the theory (within 15%). A solid-side resistance model that is more detailed and does not assume symmetrical diffusion in particles was recommended for performance. This study has increased our understanding of the heat and mass transfer in silica gel parallel-plate dehumidifiers.

  20. NUMERICAL CALCULATIONS FOR THE ASYMPTOTIC, DIFFUSION DOMINATED MASS-TRANSFER COEFFICIENT IN PACKED BED REACTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedkiw, Peter

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Calculations for the Asymptotic, Diffusion Dominated Mass-Transfer Coefficient in Packed Bed Reactors

  1. Heat and mass transfer considerations in advanced heat pump systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panchal, C.B.; Bell, K.J.

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced heat-pump cycles are being investigated for various applications. However, the working media and associated thermal design aspects require new concepts for maintaining high thermal effectiveness and phase equilibrium for achieving maximum possible thermodynamic advantages. In the present study, the heat- and mass-transfer processes in two heat-pump systems -- those based on absorption processes, and those using refrigerant mixtures -- are analyzed. The major technical barriers for achieving the ideal performance predicted by thermodynamic analysis are identified. The analysis provides general guidelines for the development of heat- and mass-transfer equipment for advanced heat-pump systems.

  2. Heat and mass transfer considerations in advanced heat pump systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panchal, C.B.; Bell, K.J.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advanced heat-pump cycles are being investigated for various applications. However, the working media and associated thermal design aspects require new concepts for maintaining high thermal effectiveness and phase equilibrium for achieving maximum possible thermodynamic advantages. In the present study, the heat- and mass-transfer processes in two heat-pump systems -- those based on absorption processes, and those using refrigerant mixtures -- are analyzed. The major technical barriers for achieving the ideal performance predicted by thermodynamic analysis are identified. The analysis provides general guidelines for the development of heat- and mass-transfer equipment for advanced heat-pump systems.

  3. MassMass transfer andtransfer and separation technologyseparation technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Differential distillationdistillation /3/3 M l i b tt till = W = W(t) l f ti f Moles in bottom still = W = W(t), mol fraction of volatile component A = x in liquid, y in vapour Mass balance for A for vaporisation of dW: y· dW = d(W· x) = W· dx + x· dW ( = yD· D)y dW d(W x) W dx x dW ( yD D) integrates to xxW xy dx xy dx W dW W W ln

  4. Diffusive mass transfer by non equilibrium fluctuations: Fick's law revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doriano Brogioli; Alberto Vailati

    2000-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent experimental and theoretical works have shown that giant fluctuations are present during diffusion in liquid systems. We use linearized fluctuating hydrodynamics to calculate the net mass transfer due to these non equilibrium fluctuations. Surprisingly the mass flow turns out to coincide with the usual Fick's one. The renormalization of the hydrodynamic equations allows us to quantify the gravitational modifications of the diffusion coefficient induced by the gravitational stabilization of long wavelength fluctuations.

  5. Mass and heat transfer model of Tubular Solar Still

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ahsan, Amimul [University Putra Malaysia, Dept. Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor (Malaysia); Fukuhara, Teruyuki [University of Fukui, Graduate School of Engineering, 3-9-1 Bunkyo, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a new mass and heat transfer model of a Tubular Solar Still (TSS) was proposed incorporating various mass and heat transfer coefficients taking account of the humid air properties inside the still. The heat balance of the humid air and the mass balance of the water vapor in the humid air were formulized for the first time. As a result, the proposed model enabled to calculate the diurnal variations of the temperature, water vapor density and relative humidity of the humid air, and to predict the hourly condensation flux besides the temperatures of the water, cover and trough, and the hourly evaporation flux. The validity of the proposed model was verified using the field experimental results carried out in Fukui, Japan and Muscat, Oman in 2008. The diurnal variations of the calculated temperatures and water vapor densities had a good agreement with the observed ones. Furthermore, the proposed model can predict the daily and hourly production flux precisely. (author)

  6. Combined heat and mass transfer device for improving separation process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tran, Thanh Nhon (Flossmoor, IL)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-phase small channel heat exchange matrix simultaneously provides for heat transfer and mass transfer between the liquid and vapor phases of a multi-component mixture at a single, predetermined location within a separation column, significantly improving the thermodynamic efficiency of the separation process. The small channel heat exchange matrix is composed of a series of channels having a hydraulic diameter no greater than 5.0 millimeters for conducting a two-phase coolant. In operation, the matrix provides the liquid-vapor contacting surfaces within the separation column, such that heat and mass are transferred simultaneously between the liquid and vapor phases. The two-phase coolant allows for a uniform heat transfer coefficient to be maintained along the length of the channels and across the surface of the matrix. Preferably, a perforated, concave sheet connects each channel to an adjacent channel to facilitate the flow of the liquid and vapor phases within the column and to increase the liquid-vapor contacting surface area.

  7. Combined heat and mass transfer device for improving separation process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tran, T.N.

    1999-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A two-phase small channel heat exchange matrix simultaneously provides for heat transfer and mass transfer between the liquid and vapor phases of a multi-component mixture at a single, predetermined location within a separation column, significantly improving the thermodynamic efficiency of the separation process. The small channel heat exchange matrix is composed of a series of channels having a hydraulic diameter no greater than 5.0 millimeters for conducting a two-phase coolant. In operation, the matrix provides the liquid-vapor contacting surfaces within the separation column, such that heat and mass are transferred simultaneously between the liquid and vapor phases. The two-phase coolant allows for a uniform heat transfer coefficient to be maintained along the length of the channels and across the surface of the matrix. Preferably, a perforated, concave sheet connects each channel to an adjacent channel to facilitate the flow of the liquid and vapor phases within the column and to increase the liquid-vapor contacting surface area. 12 figs.

  8. Improving constraints on the neutrino mass using sufficient statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolk, M; Bel, J; Carbone, C; Carron, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the "Dark Energy and Massive Neutrino Universe" (DEMNUni) simulations to compare the constraining power of "sufficient statistics" with the standard matter power spectrum on the sum of neutrino masses, $M_\

  9. NUCLEOSYNTHETIC CONSTRAINTS ON THE MASS OF THE HEAVIEST SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Justin M.; Woosley, S. E., E-mail: jumbrown@ucsc.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the sensitivity of nucleosynthesis in massive stars to the truncation of supernova explosions above a certain mass. It is assumed that stars of all masses contribute to nucleosynthesis by their pre-explosive winds, but above a certain limiting main sequence mass, M{sub BH}, the presupernova star becomes a black hole and ejects nothing more. The solar abundances from oxygen to atomic mass 90 are fit quite well assuming no cutoff at all, i.e., by assuming all stars up to 120 M{sub Sun} make successful supernovae. Little degradation in the fit occurs if M{sub BH} is reduced to 25 M{sub Sun }. If this limit is reduced further however, the nucleosynthesis of the s-process declines precipitously and the production of species made in the winds, e.g., carbon, becomes unacceptably large compared with elements made in the explosion, e.g., silicon and oxygen. By varying uncertain physics, especially the mass loss rate for massive stars and the rate for the {sup 22}Ne({alpha}, n){sup 25}Mg reaction rate, acceptable nucleosynthesis might still be achieved with a cutoff as low as 18 M{sub Sun }. This would require, however, a supernova frequency three times greater than the fiducial value obtained when all stars explode in order to produce the required {sup 16}O. The effects of varying M{sub BH} on the nucleosynthesis of {sup 60}Fe and {sup 26}Al, the production of helium as measured by {Delta}Y/{Delta}Z, and the average masses of compact remnants are also examined.

  10. Mass transfer rates in osmotic membranes with application to desalination 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drummond, Joseph Charles

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as the selective side; negative Blow, thez'ef ore, has salt on the porous or non- selective side of the zaembr ne. It was shown by Friedlander ( 12) th- t a salt rejection of 98. 6+0 is necessary to obt"in potable water from sea water. Laboratory produced Loeb... snd content by: 7 ! f'e be r JJember December 1970 ABSTRACT Mass Transfer Rates in Osmotio Membranes With Application to Desalination. (December 1970) Joseph Charles Drummond, II, B. S. , Texas ARM University Directed by: Dr. Richard Read...

  11. Model-independent Constraint on the Neutrino Mass Spectrum from the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhi-zhong Xing

    2002-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a concise formula to relate the effective mass term of the neutrinoless double beta decay to a single neutrino mass, two Majorana CP-violating phases and four observables of neutrino oscillations for a generic neutrino mass spectrum. If the alleged evidence for the neutrinoless double beta decay is taken into account, one may obtain a rough but model-independent constraint on the absolute scale of neutrino masses -- it is most likely to be in the range between 0.1 eV and 1 eV.

  12. ELECTROMAGNETIC NATURE OF THERMO-MECHANICAL MASS-ENERGY TRANSFER by M. KOSTIC PAGE 1 Electromagnetic Nature of Thermo-Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    ELECTROMAGNETIC NATURE OF THERMO-MECHANICAL MASS-ENERGY TRANSFER by M. KOSTIC PAGE 1 Electromagnetic Nature of Thermo-Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer Milivoje M. Kostic1 Department of Mechanical to a sink system, since these thermo-mechanical phenomena are neither gravitational nor nuclear interactions

  13. Higgs Boson masses and B-Physics Constraints in Non-Minimal Flavor Violating SUSY scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arana-Catania, M; Herrero, M J; Penaranda, S

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present one-loop corrections to the Higgs boson masses in the MSSM with Non-Minimal Flavor Violation. The flavor violation is generated from the hypothesis of general flavor mixing in the squark mass matrices, and these are parameterized by a complete set of delta^XY_ij (X, Y = L,R; i; j = t, c, u or b, s, d). We calculate the corrections to the Higgs masses in terms of these delta^XY_ij taking into account all relevant restrictions from B-physics data. This includes constraints from BR(B -> Xs gamma), BR(Bs -> mu+ mu-) and delta M_B_s . After taking into account these constraints we find sizable corrections to the Higgs boson masses, in the case of the lightest MSSM Higgs boson mass exceeding tens of GeV. These corrections are found mainly for the low tan beta case. In the case of a Higgs boson mass measurement these corrections might be used to set further constraints on delta^XY_ij.

  14. Devices with extended area structures for mass transfer processing of fluids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    TeGrotenhuis, Ward E. (Kennewick, WA); Wegeng, Robert S. (Richland, WA); Whyatt, Greg A. (West Richland, WA); King, David L. (Richland, WA); Brooks, Kriston P. (Kennewick, WA); Stenkamp, Victoria S. (Richland, WA)

    2009-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A microchannel device includes several mass transfer microchannels to receive a fluid media for processing at least one heat transfer microchannel in fluid communication with a heat transfer fluid defined by a thermally conductive wall, and at several thermally conductive fins each connected to the wall and extending therefrom to separate the mass transfer microchannels from one another. In one form, the device may optionally include another heat transfer microchannel and corresponding wall that is positioned opposite the first wall and has the fins and the mass transfer microchannels extending therebetween.

  15. The Different Fates of a Low-Mass X-ray Binary. I: Conservative Mass Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Lavagetto; L. Burderi; F. D'Antona; T. Di Salvo; R. Iaria; N. R. Robba

    2003-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the evolution of a low mass x-ray binary coupling a binary stellar evolution code with a general relativistic code that describes the behavior of the neutron star. We assume the neutron star to be low--magnetized (B~10^8 G). In the systems investigated in this paper, our computations show that during the binary evolution the companion transfers as much as 1 solar mass to the neutron star, with an accretion rate of 10^-9 solar masses/yr. This is sufficient to keep the inner rim of the accretion disc in contact with the neutron star surface, thus preventing the onset of a propeller phase capable of ejecting a significant fraction of the matter transferred by the companion. We find that, for neutron stars governed by equations of state from soft up to moderately stiff, an accretion induced collapse to a black hole is almost unavoidable. The collapse to a black hole can occur either during the accretion phase or after the end of the mass transfer when the neutron star is left in a supramassive sequence. In this last case the collapse is driven by energy losses of the fast spinning radio pulsar. For extremely supramassive neutron stars these energy losses cause a spin up. As a consequence the pulsar will have a much shorter lifetime than that of a canonical radio pulsar. This behavior depends on the equation of state for ultra-dense matter and therefore could be used to constrain the internal structure of the neutron star. If the r-modes of the neutron star are excited during the accretion process, the gravitational waves emisson limits the maximum spin attainable by a NS to roughly 2 ms. In this case the collapse during the accretion phase is even more common since the maximum mass achievable before the collapse to a black hole during accretion is smaller due to the limited spin frequency.

  16. Modeling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Fusion Welding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Wei [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In fusion welding, parts are joined together by melting and subsequent solidification. Although this principle is simple, complex transport phenomena take place during fusion welding, and they determine the final weld quality and performance. The heat and mass transfer in the weld pool directly affect the size and shape of the pool, the solidification microstructure, the formation of weld defects such as porosity and humping, and the temperature distribution in the fusion zone and heat-affected zone (HAZ). Furthermore, the temperature evolution affects the kinetics and extent of various solid-state phase transformations, which in turn determine the final weld microstructure and mechanical properties. The formation of residual stresses and distortion originates from the thermal expansion and contraction during welding heating and cooling, respectively.

  17. Double-beta-decay mass constraints on 17-keV neutrinos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haxton, W.C. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA))

    1991-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Attempts to reconcile a 17-keV neutrino with constraints from astrophysics and double beta decay have led to model Majorana neutrino mass matrices with vanishing (or nearly vanishing) electron-electron components. A simple parametrization is presented of the higher-order mass effects on the intermediate-state propagator through which 0{nu} {beta}{beta} decay can still occur. For light-mass eigenstates, the 0{nu} and 2{nu} rates are proportional, with the ratio depending on a weighted sum over mass eigenstates {l angle}{ital m}{sub {nu}}{sup 3}{r angle}{sub {ital L}{ital L}}{sup Maj}. Thus, model 0{nu} {beta}{beta} decay rates can be predicted with confidence.

  18. Constraints on the formation mechanism of the planetary mass companion of 2MASS 1207334-393254

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Lodato; E. Delgado-Donate; C. J. Clarke

    2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we discuss the nature and the possible formation scenarios of the companion of the brown dwarf 2MASS 1207334-393254. We initially discuss the basic physical properties of this object and conclude that, although from its absolute mass ($5M_{\\rm Jup}$), it is a planetary object, in terms of its mass ratio $q$ and of its separation $a$ with respect to the primary brown dwarf, it is consistent with the statistical properties of binaries with higher primary mass. We then explore the possible formation mechanism for this object. We show that the standard planet formation mechanism of core accretion is far too slow to form this object within 10 Myr, the observed age of the system. On the other hand, the alternative mechanism of gravitational instability (proposed both in the context of planet and of binary formation) may, in principle, work and form a system with the observed properties.

  19. CMB Constraints On The Thermal WIMP Mass And Annihilation Cross Section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Steigman

    2015-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermal relic, often referred to as a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP), is a particle produced during the early evolution of the Universe whose present (relic) abundance depends only on its mass and its thermally averaged annihilation cross section (annihilation rate factor) sigma*v_ann. Late time WIMP annihilation has the potential to affect the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum. Current observational constraints on the absence of such effects provide bounds on the mass and the annihilation cross section of relic particles that may, but need not be dark matter candidates. For a WIMP that is a dark matter candidate, the CMB constraint sets an upper bound to the annihilation cross section, leading to a lower bound to its mass that depends on whether or not the WIMP is its own antiparticle. For a self-conjugate WIMP, m_min = 50f GeV, where f is an electromagnetic energy efficiency factor. For a non self-conjugate WIMP, the minimum mass is a factor of two larger. For a WIMP that is a subdominant component of the dark matter density there is no bound on its mass and the upper bound to its annihilation cross section imposed by the CMB transforms into a lower bound to its annihilation cross section. These results are outlined and quantified here using the latest CMB constraints for a stable, symmetric (equal number of particles and antiparticles), WIMP whose annihilation is s-wave dominated, and for particles that are, or are not, their own antiparticle.

  20. Mechanism of mass transfer between a bubble initially composed of oxygen and molten glass1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Mechanism of mass transfer between a bubble initially composed of oxygen and molten glass1 F ­ BP 135, 93303 Aubervilliers Cedex, France Abstract The bubble removal from molten glass is an important problem in glass melting process. In this paper, the mass transfer undergone by a bubble rising

  1. VOF-BASED SIMULATION OF REACTIVE MASS TRANSFER ACROSS DEFORMABLE INTERFACES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bothe, Dieter

    . of the bubbles is there- fore of fundamental importance for effective design of the reactor. In case of fast-based approach for the Direct Numerical Simulation of reactive mass transfer in gas-liquid flows is described simulation results are presented for non reactive and reactive mass transfer from rising gas bubbles

  2. Intra-channel mass and heat-transfer modeling in diesel oxidation catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    02FCC-140 Intra-channel mass and heat-transfer modeling in diesel oxidation catalysts Kalyana transfer in modeling the performance of diesel oxidation catalysts. Many modeling studies have assumed experimental measurements of CO and hydrocarbon oxidation in diesel exhaust re- veal that actual mass

  3. Glass foams: formation, transport properties, and heat, mass, and radiation transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilon, Laurent

    Glass foams: formation, transport properties, and heat, mass, and radiation transfer Andrei G depend, to a large extent, on foams formed on the surface of the molten glass and of the batch due models for thermophysical and transport properties and heat, mass, and radiation transfer in glass foams

  4. Constraints on the tau neutrino mass and mixing from precise measurements of tau decay rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Swain; Lucas Taylor

    1996-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We have derived constraints on the tau neutrino mass and fourth generation mixing from an analysis of the partial widths of tau lepton decays, in particular: tau -> e nu nu_tau, tau -> mu nu nu_tau, tau -> pi nu_tau, tau -> K nu_tau. We present predictions for the tau decay widths, allowing for a non-zero tau neutrino mass, m(nu_tau), and for mixing with a neutrino of mass m(nu_L) > M_Z/2, which is parametrised using a Cabibbo-like mixing angle, theta_L. By comparison of these theoretical predictions with the experimental measurements, we obtain the following bounds at the 90% confidence level: m(nu_tau) < 42 MeV and sin^2(theta_L) < 0.014.

  5. Mechanical Engineering Laboratory of Heat and Mass Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diggavi, Suhas

    the prediction methods. The local condensation heat transfer behavior of two new refrigerants(R236fa and R1234ze refrigerants. Effect of different parameters was investigated for present database. Koyama method was modified. Jung E. Park Comparing refrigerant performance, the higher heat transfer coefficients (about 15

  6. Observables sensitive to absolute neutrino masses: Constraints and correlations from world neutrino data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; A. Melchiorri; A. Palazzo; P. Serra; J. Silk

    2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In the context of three-flavor neutrino mixing, we present a thorough study of the phenomenological constraints applicable to three observables sensitive to absolute neutrino masses: The effective neutrino mass in Tritium beta decay (m_beta); the effective Majorana neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay (m_2beta); and the sum of neutrino masses in cosmology (Sigma). We discuss the correlations among these variables which arise from the combination of all the available neutrino oscillation data, in both normal and inverse neutrino mass hierarchy. We set upper limits on m_beta by combining updated results from the Mainz and Troitsk experiments. We also consider the latest results on m_2beta from the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment, both with and without the lower bound claimed by such experiment. We derive upper limits on Sigma from an updated combination of data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite and the 2 degrees Fields (2dF) Galaxy Redshifts Survey, with and without Lyman-alpha forest data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), in models with a non-zero running of the spectral index of primordial inflationary perturbations. The results are discussed in terms of two-dimensional projections of the globally allowed region in the (m_beta,m_2beta,Sigma) parameter space, which neatly show the relative impact of each data set. In particular, the (in)compatibility between Sigma and m_2beta constraints is highlighted for various combinations of data. We also briefly discuss how future neutrino data (both oscillatory and non-oscillatory) can further probe the currently allowed regions.

  7. Double Beta Decay Constraints on Neutrino Masses and Mixing; Reanalysis with KamLAND Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hisakazu Minakata; Hiroaki Sugiyama

    2003-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In the light of KamLAND data just released, we reanalyze and update the constraints on neutrino masses and mixing parameters, the most general ones that can be derived in three-flavor mixing scheme of neutrinos with use of the bounds imposed by neutrinoless double beta decay search and reactor experiments. We point out that with KamLAND data and assuming Majorana neutrinos one can derive, for the first time, an upper bound on neutrino contribution to the cosmological \\Omega parameter, \\Omega_{\

  8. A Simultaneous Constraint on the Amplitude and Gaussianity of Mass Fluctuations in the Universe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Robinson; Eric Gawiser; Joseph Silk

    1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider constraints on the amplitude of mass fluctuations in the universe, sigma_8, derived from two simple observations: the present number density of clusters and the amplitude of their correlation function. Allowing for the possibility that the primordial fluctuations are non-gaussian introduces a degeneracy in the value of sigma_8 preferred by each of these constraints. However, when the constraints are taken together this degeneracy is broken, yielding a precise determination of sigma_8 and the degree of non-gaussianity for a given background cosmology. For a flat, Omega_m=1 universe with a power spectrum parameterized by a CDM shape parameter Gamma=0.2, we find that the perturbations are consistent with a gaussian distribution with sigma_8=0.49(+0.08-0.07) (95% limits). For some popular choices of background model, including the favored low matter density models, the hypothesis that the primordial fluctuations are gaussian is ruled out with a high degree of confidence.

  9. ammonia mass transfer: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    papers in the field of heat transfer Kandlikar, Satish 236 Energy Savings from Floating Head Pressure in Ammonia Refrigeration Systems Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary:...

  10. INDIAN SOCIETY FOR HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER (REGD.) Indian Institute of Technology Madras Campus, Chennai 600036 (INDIA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    INDIAN SOCIETY FOR HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER (REGD.) Indian Institute of Technology Madras Campus for Heat and Mass Transfer Department of Mechanical Engineering Indian Institute of Technology Madras Society for Heat and Mass Transfer (Regd.) I/We agree that I/We will be governed by Rules and Regulations

  11. MASS TRANSFER CONTROLLED REACTIONS IN PACKED BEDS AT LOW REYNOLDS NUMBERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedkiw, Peter S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase Mass Transfer 'in Fixed Beds at Low Reynolds Numbers,"Systems - In Particular in· Fixed Beds, Fluidized Beds andto a Sphere in a Fixed and Fluidized Bed," AIChE I. , Neale,

  12. Estimating Heat and Mass Transfer Processes in Green Roof Systems: Current Modeling Capabilities and Limitations (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tabares Velasco, P. C.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses estimating heat and mass transfer processes in green roof systems: current modeling capabilities and limitations. Green roofs are 'specialized roofing systems that support vegetation growth on rooftops.'

  13. Intramolecular Isotope Effects for the Study of Reactions with MassTransfer Limitations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Joshua G.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The research presented provides a method to use the comparison of intermolecular isotope effects vs. the intramolecular isotope effects for the study of reactions in which study of the rate limiting step is ambiguous due to interfering mass transfer...

  14. Heat and mass transfer in bubble column dehumidifiers for HDH desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tow, Emily W

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat and mass transfer processes governing the performance of bubble dehumidifier trays are studied in order to develop a predictive model and design rules for efficient and economical design of bubble column dehumidifiers ...

  15. Measurements of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Proton Transfer Reaction - Mass Spectrometry during the MILAGRO 2006 Campaign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortner, E. C.

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured by proton transfer reaction – mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) on a rooftop in the urban mixed residential and industrial area North Northeast of downtown Mexico City as part of ...

  16. Heat and Mass Transfer manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Heat and Mass Transfer manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor) On the modeling of aiding to the onset of recirculation cells in the entry re- gion while the heat transfer is slightly increased under acceleration [m s-2 ] GrH Grashof number based on H, GrH = g0TH3 /2 0 h heat transfer coefficient [W m-2 K-1

  17. Case Studies of Mass Transfer and Star Formation in Galaxy Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curtis Struck

    2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The amount, timing and ultimate location of mass transfer and induced star formation in galaxy collisions are sensitive functions of orbital and galaxy structural parameters. I discuss the role of detailed case studies and describe the results for two systems, Arp 284 and NGC 2207/IC 2163, that have been studied with both multiwaveband observations, and detailed dynamical models. The models yield the mass transfer and compressional histories of the encounters and the ``probable causes'' or triggers of individual star-forming regions.

  18. Final Report: Geoelectrical Measurement of Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haggerty, Roy; Day-Lewis, Fred; Singha, Kamini; Johnson, Timothy; Binley, Andrew; Lane, John

    2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Mass transfer affects contaminant transport and is thought to control the efficiency of aquifer remediation at a number of sites within the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. An improved understanding of mass transfer is critical to meeting the enormous scientific and engineering challenges currently facing DOE. Informed design of site remedies and long-term stewardship of radionuclide-contaminated sites will require new cost-effective laboratory and field techniques to measure the parameters controlling mass transfer spatially and across a range of scales. In this project, we sought to capitalize on the geophysical signatures of mass transfer. Previous numerical modeling and pilot-scale field experiments suggested that mass transfer produces a geoelectrical signature—a hysteretic relation between sampled (mobile-domain) fluid conductivity and bulk (mobile + immobile) conductivity—over a range of scales relevant to aquifer remediation. In this work, we investigated the geoelectrical signature of mass transfer during tracer transport in a series of controlled experiments to determine the operation of controlling parameters, and also investigated the use of complex-resistivity (CR) as a means of quantifying mass transfer parameters in situ without tracer experiments. In an add-on component to our grant, we additionally considered nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to help parse mobile from immobile porosities. Including the NMR component, our revised study objectives were to: 1. Develop and demonstrate geophysical approaches to measure mass-transfer parameters spatially and over a range of scales, including the combination of electrical resistivity monitoring, tracer tests, complex resistivity, nuclear magnetic resonance, and materials characterization; and 2. Provide mass-transfer estimates for improved understanding of contaminant fate and transport at DOE sites, such as uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area. To achieve our objectives, we implemented a 3-part research plan involving (1) development of computer codes and techniques to estimate mass-transfer parameters from time-lapse electrical data; (2) bench-scale experiments on synthetic materials and materials from cores from the Hanford 300 Area; and (3) field demonstration experiments at the DOE’s Hanford 300 Area. In a synergistic add-on to our workplan, we analyzed data from field experiments performed at the DOE Naturita Site under a separate DOE SBR grant, on which PI Day-Lewis served as co-PI. Techniques developed for application to Hanford datasets also were applied to data from Naturita.

  19. Research on Convective Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer of the Evaporator in Micro/Mini-Channel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, J.; Li, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the development of science and technology, various heating and cooling equipment have a development trend of micromation. Micro-fabrication processes make it possible to conduct research on condensation heat transfer ...

  20. Research on Convective Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer of the Evaporator in Micro/Mini-Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, J.; Li, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the reviewers on the present household air conditioners, the potential requirements for new heat transfer enhancement used for household air conditioners are discussed. Investigations on condensation and boiling of refrigerants in mini/micro channels have...

  1. Laser Measurements of the Density Shifts of Resonance Lines in Antiprotonic Helium Atoms and Stringent Constraint on the Antiproton Charge and Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torii, H A; Hori, Masaki; Ishikawa, T; Morita, N; Kumakura, M; Sugai, I; Yamazaki, T; Ketzer, B; Hartmann, F J; Von Egidy, T; Pohl, R; Maierl, C; Horváth, D; Eades, John; Widmann, E

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laser Measurements of the Density Shifts of Resonance Lines in Antiprotonic Helium Atoms and Stringent Constraint on the Antiproton Charge and Mass

  2. Calculation of unsteady-state heat and mass transfer in steam injection wells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruddy, Kenneth Edward

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and (5) are defined as the fluid flow equations for the gas and liquid phases, respectively. Mass Balance E uation The thermodynamic system under consideration is a vertical cylindri- cal conduit as depicted in figure 1. A mass balance applied... Equation Method of Solution. RESULTS Comparison with Field Data. Comparison with Results from Steady-State Mass Transfer Model CONCLUSIONS NOMENCLATURE . REFERENCES APPENDIX A: TURBULENCE FACTOR. APPENDIX B: RELATIVE FLUID CONDUCTIVITT. Page vi...

  3. CMB constraints on mass and coupling constant of light pseudoscalar particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Damian Ejlli; Alexander D. Dolgov

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Transformation of CMB photons into light pseudoscalar particles at post big bang nucleosynthesis epoch is considered. Using the present day value of a large scale magnetic field to estimate it at earlier cosmological epochs, the oscillation probability of photons into light pseudoscalar particles with an account of coherence breaking in cosmological plasma is calculated. Demanding that the photon transformation does not lead to an exceedingly large CMB spectral distortion and temperature anisotropy, the constraints on the coupling constant of axion like particles to photons, $ g_{\\phi\\gamma} B \\lesssim (10^{-15} - 10^{-12}) \\textrm{nG}\\times \\textrm{GeV}^{-1}$, are found for the axion like particle mass in the interval $10^{-25}$ eV $\\lesssim m_{\\phi}\\lesssim 10^{-5}$ eV, where $B$ is the strength of the large scale magnetic field at the present time. Our results update the previously obtained ones since we use the density matrix formalism which is more accurate than the wave function approximation for the description of oscillations with an essential coherence breaking. In the axion like particle mass range $10^{-25}$ eV $\\lesssim m_{\\phi}\\lesssim 10^{-14}$ eV, weaker limits, by at least 2 orders of magnitude $g_{\\phi\\gamma} B \\lesssim 10^{-11}\\textrm{nG}\\times \\textrm{GeV}^{-1}$, are obtained in comparison with the wave function approximation. In the mass range $10^{-14}$ eV $\\lesssim m_{\\phi}\\lesssim 10^{-5}$ eV, on the other hand, limits that are stronger, by more than an order of magnitude are obtained. Our results are derived by using upper limits on spectral distortion parameter $\\mu$ and temperature anisotropy $\\Delta T/T$ found by COBE and expected sensitivities by PIXIE/PRISM.

  4. Heat and Mass Transfer Modeling of Dry Gases in the Cathode of PEM Fuel Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockie, John

    Heat and Mass Transfer Modeling of Dry Gases in the Cathode of PEM Fuel Cells M.J. Kermani1 J and N2, through the cathode of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is studied numerically) an energy equation, written in a form that has enthalpy as the dependent variable. Keywords: PEM fuel cells

  5. Mass Transfer Models for Hydrolysis 965 Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vol. 113116, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Riverside, University of

    Mass Transfer Models for Hydrolysis 965 Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vol. 113­116, 2004 economic, environmental, and strategic benefits (1). Accurate, predictive tools would be valuable Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vol. 113­116, 2004 ity (2). For example, significant differences are observed

  6. Behavior of the mass transfer coefficient during the MADE-2 experiment: New insights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Quanlin

    differences in advection that are probably the root cause of dispersion in natural heterogeneous sediments model, a more complete analysis of the MADE-2 experiment, a natural gradient tracer (tritium) test conductivity (K) measurements and interpolations, mass transfer rate expressions and conceptual errors in model

  7. Theoretical Gas Phase Mass Transfer Coefficients for Endogenous Gases in the Lungs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Steven C.

    Theoretical Gas Phase Mass Transfer Coefficients for Endogenous Gases in the Lungs PETER CONDORELLI, is produced within the tissue of the airways of the lungs.16 As an intercellular messenger, NO is involved is available regarding the basic gas exchange dynamics of NO in the lungs. Ingested ethanol EtOH is transported

  8. Efficiency of mass transfer in massive close binaries, Tests from double-lined eclipsing binaries in the SMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. E. de Mink; O. R. Pols; R. W. Hilditch

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the major uncertainties in close binary evolution is the efficiency of mass transfer beta: the fraction of transferred mass that is accreted by a secondary star. We attempt to constrain the mass-transfer efficiency for short-period massive binaries undergoing case A mass transfer. We present a grid of about 20,000 detailed binary evolution tracks with primary masses 3.5-35 Msun, orbital periods 1-5 days at a metallicity Z=0.004, assuming both conservative and non-conservative mass transfer. We perform a systematic comparison, using least-squares fitting, of the computed models with a sample of 50 double-lined eclipsing binaries in the Small Magellanic Cloud, for which fundamental stellar parameters have been determined. About 60% of the systems are currently undergoing slow mass transfer. In general we find good agreement between our models and the observed detached systems. However, for many of the semi-detached systems the observed temperature ratio is more extreme than our models predict. For the 17 semi-detached systems that we are able to match, we find a large spread in the best fitting mass-transfer efficiency; no single value of beta can explain all systems. We find a hint that initially wider systems tend to fit better to less conservative models. We show the need for more accurate temperature determinations and we find that determinations of surface abundances of nitrogen and carbon can potentially constrain the mass-transfer efficiency further.

  9. Bibliography on augmentation of convective heat and mass transfer-II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bergles, A.E.; Nirmalan, V.; Junkhan, G.H.; Webb, R.L.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat transfer augmentation has developed into a major specialty area in heat transfer research and development. This report presents and updated bibliography of world literature on augmentation. The literature is classified into passive augmentation techniques, which require no external power, and active techniques, which do require external power. The fifteen techniques are grouped in terms of their applications to the various modes of heat transfer. Mass transfer is included for completeness. Key words are included with each citation for technique/mode identification. The total number of publications cited is 3045, including 135 surveys of various techniques and 86 papers on performance evaluation of passive techniques. Patents are not included, as they are the subject of a separate bibliographic report.

  10. Determination of the controlling process in coupled heat and mass transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, B.; Kakavas, T.; Herold, K.E. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Center for Environmental Energy Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of non-condensable gases on condensation is well known going back to Nusselt. The non-condensables tend to form a blanket around the cooled surface which can significantly slow condensation rates by introducing a controlling mass transfer resistance. The coupled heat and mass transfer process that results has a significant impact on the optimum design of compact condenser bundles. One of the questions that arises in analyzing such a coupled process is which of the two processes is controlling the overall transfer process? One way to quantify a solution to this problem is to take a thermodynamic perspective and to compute the entropy generation associated with each of the individual processes. Then, the process that contributes the largest entropy generation is viewed as the controlling process. The result of such a determination provides insight as to how to augment the overall transfer process. The approach taken in this study is to use available CFD (computational fluid dynamics) codes to formulate and solve the condenser problem to gain insight into the coupled process. The resulting temperature, velocity and concentration data can then be analyzed to determine the entropy generation associated with each of the processes. Results are presented for a series of simplified geometries that define the magnitude of the effects contributed by each of the transfer processes.

  11. Constraining the mass transfer in massive binaries through progenitor evolution models of Wolf-Rayet+O binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jelena Petrovic; Norbert Langer; Karel A. van der hucht

    2005-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Since close WR+O binaries are the result of a strong interaction of both stars in massive close binary systems, they can be used to constrain the highly uncertain mass and angular momentum budget during the major mass transfer phase. We explore the progenitor evolution of the three best suited WR+O binaries HD 90657, HD 186943 and HD 211853, which are characterized by a WR/O mass ratio of $\\sim$0.5 and periods of 6..10 days. We are doing so at three different levels of approximation: predicting the massive binary evolution through simple mass loss and angular momentum loss estimates, through full binary evolution models with parametrized mass transfer efficiency, and through binary evolution models including rotation of both components and a physical model which allows to compute mass and angular momentum loss from the binary system as function of time during the mass transfer process. All three methods give consistently the same answers. Our results show that, if these systems formed through stable mass transfer, their initial periods were smaller than their current ones, which implies that mass transfer has started during the core hydrogen burning phase of the initially more massive star. Furthermore, the mass transfer in all three cases must have been highly non-conservative, with on average only $\\sim$10% of the transferred mass being retained by the mass receiving star. This result gives support to our system mass and angular momentum loss model, which predicts that, in the considered systems, about 90% of the overflowing matter is expelled by the rapid rotation of the mass receiver close to the $\\Omega$-limit, which is reached through the accretion of the remaining 10%.

  12. Simulation of adsorption of uranium from seawater using liquid film mass transfer controlling model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omichi, H.; Kataki, A.; Okamoto, J.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A liquid film mass transfer control model was applied to the batch adsorption of uranium from seawater with an amidoxime-group-containing polymeric adsorbent made by the radiation-induced grafting method. The adsorption amount was calculated by changing two parameters, equilibrium adsorption amount q/sub 0/ and liquid film mass transfer coefficient k, to obtain the best fit between the observed and calculate values. The index of a Freundlich-type isotherm was obtained as 1.6, which is similar to the previously observed value with hydrous titanium oxide adsorbent. The plot k vs 1/T provided the activation energy as 10.0 kcal/mol. Both q/sub 0/ and k showed an approximately first-order dependency on the amidoxime group content in the adsorbent. The simulation made it clear that the increase in k brought about by mixing amidoxime groups with carboxyl groups was due to a synergistic effect of these groups.

  13. Mass dispersion in transfer reactions with a stochastic mean-field theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouhei Washiyama; Sakir Ayik; Denis Lacroix

    2009-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Nucleon transfer in symmetric heavy-ion reactions at energies below the Coulomb barrier is investigated in the framework of a microscopic stochastic mean-field theory. While mean-field alone is known to significantly underpredict the dispersion of the fragment mass distribution, a considerable enhancement of the dispersion is obtained in the stochastic mean-field theory. The variance of the fragment mass distribution deduced from the stochastic theory scales with the number of exchanged nucleon. Therefore, the new approach provides the first fully microscopic theory consistent with the phenomenological analysis of the experimental data.

  14. Method and system for simulating heat and mass transfer in cooling towers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bharathan, Desikan (Lakewood, CO); Hassani, A. Vahab (Golden, CO)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention is a system and method for simulating the performance of a cooling tower. More precisely, the simulator of the present invention predicts values related to the heat and mass transfer from a liquid (e.g., water) to a gas (e.g., air) when provided with input data related to a cooling tower design. In particular, the simulator accepts input data regarding: (a) cooling tower site environmental characteristics; (b) cooling tower operational characteristics; and (c) geometric characteristics of the packing used to increase the surface area within the cooling tower upon which the heat and mass transfer interactions occur. In providing such performance predictions, the simulator performs computations related to the physics of heat and mass transfer within the packing. Thus, instead of relying solely on trial and error wherein various packing geometries are tested during construction of the cooling tower, the packing geometries for a proposed cooling tower can be simulated for use in selecting a desired packing geometry for the cooling tower.

  15. Constraints on Blazar Jet Conditions During Gamma-Ray Flaring from Radiative Transfer Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aller, Margo F; Aller, Hugh D; Hovatta, Talvikki

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of a program to investigate jet flow conditions during GeV gamma-ray flares detected by Fermi, we are using UMRAO multi-frequency, centimeter-band total flux density and linear polarization monitoring observations to constrain radiative transfer models incorporating propagating shocks orientated at an arbitrary angle to the flow direction. We describe the characteristics of the model, illustrate how the data are used to constrain the models, and present results for three program sources with diverse characteristics: PKS 0420-01, OJ 287, and 1156+295. The modeling of the observed spectral behavior yields information on the sense, strength and orientation of the shocks producing the radio-band flaring; on the energy distribution of the radiating particles; and on the observer's viewing angle with respect to the jet independent of VLBI data. We present evidence that, while a random component dominates the jet magnetic field, a distinguishing feature of those radio events with an associated gamma-ray flar...

  16. IS WX CEN A POSSIBLE TYPE Ia SUPERNOVA PROGENITOR WITH WIND-DRIVEN MASS TRANSFER?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qian, S.-B.; Shi, G.; Zhu, L.-Y.; Liu, L.; Zhao, E.-G.; Li, L.-J. [Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), P.O. Box 110, 650011 Kunming (China); Fernandez Lajus, E.; Di Sisto, R. P., E-mail: qsb@ynao.ac.cn [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WX Cen is one of a few compact binary supersoft X-ray sources (CBSS) in the Galaxy that is a possible Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) progenitor. The supersoft X-ray radiation is explained as hydrostatic nuclear burning on the surface of the white dwarf component that is accreting hydrogen from a stellar companion at a high rate. If the mass donor in this system has a low mass, as has been suggested in the literature, one would expect a high wind-driven mass transfer rate. In that case, the orbital period of the system should increase. To test this theoretical prediction, we have monitored the system photometrically since 2010. By using four newly determined eclipse timings together with those collected from the literature, we discovered that the orbital period is decreasing at a rate of dP/dt = -5.15 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7} days yr{sup -1}. The long-term decrease in the orbital period is contrary to the prediction that the system is powered by wind-driven accretion. It therefore seems plausible that the mass donor could be more massive than the white dwarf, and that the mass transfer is driven by the thermal instability of the donor star. This finding suggests that WX Cen is a key object to check the physical mechanisms of mass accretion in CBSS. The corresponding timescale of the period change is about P/P-dot {approx} 0.81 x 10{sup 6} yr, indicating that WX Cen may evolve into an SNe Ia within one million years in the Galaxy.

  17. Airborne and ground based measurements of volatile organic compounds using proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry in Texas and Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fortner, Edward Charles

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of ambient volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by proton transfer reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) are reported from recent airborne and surface based field campaigns. The Southeast Texas Tetroon Study (SETTS) was a project within...

  18. Comments on article 'symmetric heat and mass transfer in a rotating spherical layer,' JETP 94 (3), 459 (2002)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alexandrov, D. V., E-mail: Dmitri.Alexandrov@usu.ru; Malygin, A. P. [Ural Federal University (Russian Federation)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Analytic solutions to the heat and mass transfer equations, which were obtained in [1], are corrected. It is shown that the dependence of the growth rate of the Earth's inner core on heat flux changes in this case.

  19. Cosmological constraints from the virial mass function of nearby galaxy groups and clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, James Colin

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, I present a new determination of the cluster mass function in a volume ~107 h-03 70 Mpc3 using the ROSAT-2MASS-FAST Group Survey (R2FGS). R2FGS is an X-ray-selected sample of systems from the ROSAT All-Sky ...

  20. Constraints on the Sum of Neutrino Masses from Cosmology and their impact on world neutrino data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Melchiorri; G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; A. Palazzo; P. Serra; J. I. Silk

    2005-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive upper limits on the sum of neutrino masses from an updated combination of data from Cosmic Microwave Background experiments and Galaxy Redshifts Surveys. The results are discussed in the context of three-flavor neutrino mixing and compared with neutrino oscillation data, with upper limits on the effective neutrino mass in Tritium beta decay from the Mainz and Troitsk experiments and with the claimed lower bound on the effective Majorana neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay from the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment.

  1. New Constraints (and Motivations) for Abelian Gauge Bosons in the MeV-TeV Mass Range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Williams; C. P. Burgess; Anshuman Maharana; F. Quevedo

    2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We survey the phenomenological constraints on abelian gauge bosons having masses in the MeV to multi-GeV mass range (using precision electroweak measurements, neutrino-electron and neutrino-nucleon scattering, electron and muon anomalous magnetic moments, upsilon decay, beam dump experiments, atomic parity violation, low-energy neutron scattering and primordial nucleosynthesis). We compute their implications for the three parameters that in general describe the low-energy properties of such bosons: their mass and their two possible types of dimensionless couplings (direct couplings to ordinary fermions and kinetic mixing with Standard Model hypercharge). We argue that gauge bosons with very small couplings to ordinary fermions in this mass range are natural in string compactifications and are likely to be generic in theories for which the gravity scale is systematically smaller than the Planck mass - such as in extra-dimensional models - because of the necessity to suppress proton decay. Furthermore, because its couplings are weak, in the low-energy theory relevant to experiments at and below TeV scales the charge gauged by the new boson can appear to be broken, both by classical effects and by anomalies. In particular, if the new gauge charge appears to be anomalous, anomaly cancellation does not also require the introduction of new light fermions in the low-energy theory. Furthermore, the charge can appear to be conserved in the low-energy theory, despite the corresponding gauge boson having a mass. Our results reduce to those of other authors in the special cases where there is no kinetic mixing or there is no direct coupling to ordinary fermions, such as for recently proposed dark-matter scenarios.

  2. PAHs and organic matter partitioning and mass transfer from coal tar particles to water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karim Benhabib; Marie-Odile Simonnot; Michel Sardin [LSGC - Laboratory of Chemical Engineering Science, Nancy (France)

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The coal tar found in contaminated soils of former manufactured gas plants and coking plants acts as a long-term source of PAHs. Organic carbon and PAH transfer from coal tar particles to water was investigated with closed-looped laboratory column experiments run at various particle sizes and temperatures. Two models were derived. The first one represented the extraction process at equilibrium and was based on a linear partitioning of TOC and PAHs between coal tar and water. The partition coefficient was derived as well as the mass of extractable organic matter in the particles. The second model dealt with mass transfer. Particle diffusion was the limiting step; organic matter diffusivity in the coal tar was then computed in the different conditions. A good consistency was obtained between experimental and computed results. Hence, the modeling of PAH migration in contaminated soils at the field scale requires taking into account coal tar as the source-term for PAH release. 28 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. adoptively transferred indium-111: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Afshin J. 140 Mass transfer andMass transfer and Mass transfer andMass transfer and Fossil Fuels Websites Summary: eknik Mass transfer andMass transfer and arationste Mass...

  4. Geoelectrical Measurement of Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Parameters Final Report to the Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Day-Lewis, Frederick; Singha, Kamini; Haggerty, Roy; Johnson, Timothy; Binley, Andrew; Lane, John

    2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    . In this project, we sought to capitalize on the geophysical signatures of mass transfer. Previous numerical modeling and pilot-scale field experiments suggested that mass transfer produces a geoelectrical signature—a hysteretic relation between sampled (mobile-domain) fluid conductivity and bulk (mobile + immobile) conductivity—over a range of scales relevant to aquifer remediation. In this work, we investigated the geoelectrical signature of mass transfer during tracer transport in a series of controlled experiments to determine the operation of controlling parameters, and also investigated the use of complex-resistivity (CR) as a means of quantifying mass transfer parameters in situ without tracer experiments. In an add-on component to our grant, we additionally considered nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to help parse mobile from immobile porosities. Our study objectives were to: 1. Develop and demonstrate geophysical approaches to measure mass-transfer parameters spatially and over a range of scales, including the combination of electrical resistivity monitoring, tracer tests, complex resistivity, nuclear magnetic resonance, and materials characterization; and 2. Provide mass-transfer estimates for improved understanding of contaminant fate and transport at DOE sites, such as uranium transport at the Hanford 300 Area. To achieve our objectives, we implemented a 3-part research plan involving (1) development of computer codes and techniques to estimate mass-transfer parameters from time-lapse electrical data; (2) bench-scale experiments on synthetic materials and materials from cores from the Hanford 300 Area; and (3) field demonstration experiments at the DOE’s Hanford 300 Area.

  5. Constraints for the Progenitor Masses of 17 Historic Core-Collapse Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Benjamin F; Murphy, Jeremiah; Gilbert, Karoline; Dalcanton, Julianne J; Dolphin, Andrew E; Jennings, Zachary G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using resolved stellar photometry measured from archival HST imaging, we generate color-magnitude diagrams of the stars within 50 pc of the locations of historic core-collapse supernovae that took place in galaxies within 8 Mpc. We fit these color-magnitude distributions with stellar evolution models to determine the best-fit age distribution of the young population. We then translate these age distributions into probability distributions for the progenitor mass of each SNe. The measurements are anchored by the main-sequence stars surrounding the event, making them less sensitive to assumptions about binarity, post-main-sequence evolution, or circumstellar dust. We demonstrate that, in cases where the literature contains masses that have been measured from direct imaging, our measurements are consistent with (but less precise than) these measurements. Using this technique, we constrain the progenitor masses of 17 historic SNe, 11 of which have no previous estimates from direct imaging. Our measurements still ...

  6. Stacked Weak Lensing Mass Calibration: Estimators, Systematics, and Impact on Cosmological Parameter Constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rozo, Eduardo; /U. Chicago /Chicago U., KICP; Wu, Hao-Yi; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Schmidt, Fabian; /Caltech

    2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    When extracting the weak lensing shear signal, one may employ either locally normalized or globally normalized shear estimators. The former is the standard approach when estimating cluster masses, while the latter is the more common method among peak finding efforts. While both approaches have identical signal-to-noise in the weak lensing limit, it is possible that higher order corrections or systematic considerations make one estimator preferable over the other. In this paper, we consider the efficacy of both estimators within the context of stacked weak lensing mass estimation in the Dark Energy Survey (DES). We find that the two estimators have nearly identical statistical precision, even after including higher order corrections, but that these corrections must be incorporated into the analysis to avoid observationally relevant biases in the recovered masses. We also demonstrate that finite bin-width effects may be significant if not properly accounted for, and that the two estimators exhibit different systematics, particularly with respect to contamination of the source catalog by foreground galaxies. Thus, the two estimators may be employed as a systematic cross-check of each other. Stacked weak lensing in the DES should allow for the mean mass of galaxy clusters to be calibrated to {approx}2% precision (statistical only), which can improve the figure of merit of the DES cluster abundance experiment by a factor of {approx}3 relative to the self-calibration expectation. A companion paper investigates how the two types of estimators considered here impact weak lensing peak finding efforts.

  7. The Synergism Between Heat and Mass Transfer Additive and Advanced Surfaces in Aqueous LiBr Horizontal Tube Absorbers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, W.A.

    1999-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted in a laboratory to investigate the absorption of water vapor into a falling-film of aqueous lithium bromide (LiBr). A mini-absorber test stand was used to test smooth tubes and a variety of advanced tube surfaces placed horizontally in a single-row bundle. The bundle had six copper tubes; each tube had an outside diameter of 15.9-mm and a length of 0.32-m. A unique feature of the stand is its ability to operate continuously and support testing of LiBr brine at mass fractions {ge} 0.62. The test stand can also support testing to study the effect of the failing film mass flow rate, the coolant mass flow rate, the coolant temperature, the absorber pressure and the tube spacing. Manufacturers of absorption chillers add small quantities of a heat and mass transfer additive to improve the performance of the absorbers. The additive causes surface stirring which enhances the transport of absorbate into the bulk of the film. Absorption may also be enhanced with advanced tube surfaces that mechanically induce secondary flows in the falling film without increasing the thickness of the film. Several tube geometry's were identified and tested with the intent of mixing the film and renewing the interface with fresh solution from the tube wall. Testing was completed on a smooth tube and several different externally enhanced tube surfaces. Experiments were conducted over the operating conditions of 6.5 mm Hg absorber pressure, coolant temperatures ranging from 20 to 35 C and LiBr mass fractions ranging from 0.60 through 0.62. Initially the effect of tube spacing was investigated for the smooth tube surface, tested with no heat and mass transfer additive. Test results showed the absorber load and the mass absorbed increased as the tube spacing increased because of the improved wetting of the tube bundle. However, tube spacing was not a critical factor if heat and mass transfer additive was active in the mini-absorber. The additive dramatically affected the hydrodynamics of the falling film and a droplet flow regime was evident for testing at all tube spacings. The mechanical mixing of the advanced surfaces increased the mass transfer to about 75% of that observed on a smooth tube bundle, tested with heat and mass transfer additive. Testing with heat and mass transfer additive and advanced surfaces demonstrated a synergistic effect which doubled the mass absorbed from that observed with only the advanced surface. The overall film-side heat transfer coefficient for the advanced tube bundles doubled with the addition of 500-wppm of 2-ethyl-1- hexanol.

  8. Mathematical modeling of mass transfer during centrifugal filtration of polydisperse suspensions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    V.F. Pozhidaev; Y.B. Rubinshtein; G.Y. Golberg; S.A. Osadchii [Dahl East Ukraine National University, Lugansk (Ukraine)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A mass-transfer equation, the solution of which for given boundary conditions makes it possible to derive in analytical form a relationship between the extraction of the solid phase of a suspension into the centrifuge effluent and the fineness of the particles, is suggested on the basis of a model; this is of particular importance in connection with the development of a new trend in the utilization of filtering centrifuges - concentration of coal slurries by extraction into the centrifuge effluent of the finest particles, the ash content of which is substantially higher than that of particles of the coarser classes. Results are presented for production studies under conditions at an active establishment (the Neryungrinskaya Enrichment Factory); these results confirmed the adequacy of the mathematical model proposed: convergence of computed and experimental data was within the limits of the experimental error (no more than 3%). The model in question can be used to predict results of suspension separation by centrifugal filtration.

  9. Isotherm parameters and intraparticle mass transfer kinetics on molecularly imprinted polymers in acetonitrile/buffer mobile phases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyunjung [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kaczmarski, Krzysztof [University of Tennessee and Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland; Guiochon, Georges A [ORNL

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The equilibrium isotherm and the intraparticle mass transfer kinetics of the enantiomers of the template were investigated on an Fmoc-L-tryptophan (Fmoc-L-Trp) imprinted polymer at different pHs and water concentrations in acetonitrile/aqueous buffer mobile phases. The equilibrium isotherm data were measured using frontal analysis at 25 {+-} 2 C. The adsorption energy distribution was found to be trimodal, with narrow modes. Consistent with this distribution, the adsorption data were modeled using a tri-Langmuir isotherm equation and the best estimates of the isotherm parameters were determined. The intraparticle mass transfer parameters were derived by comparing the profiles of experimental overloaded bands and the profiles calculated using the isotherm model and the lumped pore diffusion (POR) model of chromatography. These results showed that different adsorption and mass transfer mechanisms exist in mobile phases made of acetonitrile/aqueous buffer and of acetonitrile/acetic acid solutions.

  10. Constraints on the relic neutrino abundance and implications for cosmological neutrino mass limits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, Nicole F.; /Fermilab

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors examine a mechanism which can lead to flavor transformation of neutrino-antineutrino asymmetries in the early universe, a process which is unavoidable when the neutrino mixing angles are large. This sets the best limit on the lepton number of the universe, and hence on the relic neutrino abundance. They also consider the consequences for the relic neutrino abundance if extra neutrino interactions are allowed, e.g., the coupling of the neutrinos to a light (compared to m{sub {nu}}) boson. For a wide range of couplings not excluded by other considerations, the relic neutrinos would annihilate to bosons at late times, and thus make a negligible contribution to the matter density today. This mechanism evades the neutrino mass limits arising from large scale structure.

  11. New constraints on methane fluxes and rates of anaerobic methane oxidation in a Gulf of Mexico brine pool via in situ mass spectrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girguis, Peter R.

    , likely exceeding reserves of conventional oil and gas (Collett and Kuuskraa, 1998). In deep-ocean regionsNew constraints on methane fluxes and rates of anaerobic methane oxidation in a Gulf of Mexico Keywords: Methane flux Mass spectrometer Brine pool Methane oxidation Gulf of Mexico a b s t r a c t Deep

  12. The blue stragglers formed via mass transfer in old open clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Tian; L. Deng; Z. Han; X. B. Zhang

    2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present the simulations for the primordial blue stragglers in the old open cluster M67 based on detailed modelling of the evolutionary processes. The principal aim is to discuss the contribution of mass transfer between the components of close binaries to the blue straggler population in M67. First, we followed the evolution of a binary of 1.4M$_\\odot$+0.9M$_\\odot$. The synthetic evolutionary track of the binary system revealed that a primordial blue straggler had a long lifetime in the observed blue straggler region of color-magnitude diagram. Second, a grid of models for close binary systems experiencing mass exchange were computed from 1Gyr to 6Gyr in order to account for primordial blue-straggler formation in a time sequence. Based on such a grid, Monte-Carlo simulations were applied for the old open cluster M67. Adopting appropriate orbital parameters, 4 primordial blue stragglers were predicted by our simulations. This was consistent with the observational fact that only a few blue stragglers in M67 were binaries with short orbital periods. An upper boundary of the primordial blue stragglers in the color-magnitude diagram (CMD) was defined and could be used to distinguish blue stragglers that were not formed via mass exchange. Using the grid of binary models, the orbital periods of the primordial BSs could be predicted. Compared with the observations, it is clear that the mechanism discussed in this work alone cannot fully predict the blue straggler population in M67. There must be several other processes also involved in the formation of the observed blue stragglers in M67.

  13. Electromagnetic Nature of Thermo-Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer Due to Photon Diffusive Re-Emission and Propagation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Electromagnetic Nature of Thermo-Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer Due to Photon Diffusive Re and the Physics law of forced interactions will be violated, since these thermo-mechanical phenomena are neither force interactions, namely all electro-chemical and thermo-mechanical phenomena, the latter as reasoned

  14. Measurements of wall heat (mass) transfer for flow through blockages with round and square holes in a wide rectangular channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervantes, Joel

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) transfer on the channel wall by 4.7 to 6.3 times, and increased the pressure drop along the test channel by up to almost 490 times that for fully developed turbulent flow through a smooth channel at the same mass flow rates. The blockages with round holes...

  15. 5th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Mass Transfer and Energy Conversion Xian, China, 36 July 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    5th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Mass Transfer and Energy Conversion Xian, such as hemangiomas and port wine stain (PWS) birthmarks, are congenital and pro- gressive vascular malformations of the dermis. To remove them, laser energy is irradiated at appropriate wavelengths inducing permanent thermal

  16. FIRST COSMOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS ON THE PROTON-TO-ELECTRON MASS RATIO FROM OBSERVATIONS OF ROTATIONAL TRANSITIONS OF METHANOL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ellingsen, S. P.; Lovell, J. E. J. [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Tasmania, Private Bag 37, Hobart, TAS 7001 (Australia); Voronkov, M. A.; Breen, S. L., E-mail: Simon.Ellingsen@utas.edu.au [CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, P.O. Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have used the Australia Telescope Compact Array to measure the absorption from the 2{sub 0} {yields} 3{sub -1} E 12.2 GHz transition of methanol toward the z = 0.89 lensing galaxy in the PKS B1830-211 gravitational lens system. Comparison of the velocity of the main absorption feature with the published absorption spectrum from the 1{sub 0} {yields} 2{sub -1} E transition of methanol shows that they differ by -0.6 {+-} 1.6 km s{sup -1}. We can use these observations to constrain the changes in the proton-to-electron mass ratio {mu} from z = 0.89 to the present to 0.8 {+-} 2.1 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -7}. This result is consistent, and of similar precision to recent observations at z = 0.68 achieved through comparison of a variety of rotational and inversion transitions, and approximately a factor of two better than previous constraints obtained in this source. Future more sensitive observations that incorporate additional rotational methanol transitions offer the prospect of improving current results by a factor of 5-10.

  17. Some Constraints On the Effects of Age and Metallicity on the Low Mass X-ray Binary Formation Rate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arunav Kundu; Thomas J. Maccarone; Stephen E. Zepf; Thomas H. Puzia

    2003-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the low mass X-ray binary (LMXB) populations within and outside globular clusters (GC) in NGC 4365 and NGC 3115. Using published age and metallicity constraints from optical and IR observations of their GCs, we do not find any evidence for an increase in the LMXB formation rate in the intermediate age cluster population of NGC 4365, as has been proposed in some scenarios of dynamical LMXB formation in GCs. The old, metal-rich, red population of GCs in NGC 3115 on the other hand is {\\it at least} three times as efficient at creating LMXBs as the old, metal-poor, blue clusters. These data suggest that the higher formation efficiency of LMXBs in the red GC subsystems of many galaxies is largely a consequence of their higher metallicity. A comparison of the densities of field LMXBs in different galaxies does not reveal an obvious correlation with the age of the field stars as predicted by models in which the LMXB formation rate in the field drops monotonically with time after an initial burst. This suggests that either a significant fraction of the field LMXBs are created in GCs and subsequently injected into the field, or the LMXB formation rate has a more complex time evolution pattern.

  18. Mass and Angular Momentum Transfer in the Massive Algol Binary RY Persei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Barai; D. R. Gies; E. Choi; V. Das; R. Deo; W. Huang; K. Marshall; M. V. McSwain; C. Ogden; A. Osterman; R. L. Riddle; J. L. Seymour Jr; D. W. Wingert; A. B. Kaye; G. J. Peters

    2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an investigation of H-alpha emission line variations observed in the massive Algol binary, RY Per. We give new radial velocity data for the secondary based upon our optical spectra and for the primary based upon high dispersion UV spectra. We present revised orbital elements and an estimate of the primary's projected rotational velocity (which indicates that the primary is rotating 7 times faster than synchronous). We use a Doppler tomography algorithm to reconstruct the individual primary and secondary spectra in the region of H-alpha, and we subtract the latter from each of our observations to obtain profiles of the primary and its disk alone. Our H-alpha observations of RY Per show that the mass gaining primary is surrounded by a persistent but time variable accretion disk. The profile that is observed outside-of-eclipse has weak, double-peaked emission flanking a deep central absorption, and we find that these properties can be reproduced by a disk model that includes the absorption of photospheric light by the band of the disk seen in projection against the face of the star. We developed a new method to reconstruct the disk surface density distribution from the ensemble of H-alpha profiles observed around the orbit, and this method accounts for the effects of disk occultation by the stellar components, the obscuration of the primary by the disk, and flux contributions from optically thick disk elements. The resulting surface density distribution is elongated along the axis joining the stars, in the same way as seen in hydrodynamical simulations of gas flows that strike the mass gainer near trailing edge of the star. This type of gas stream configuration is optimal for the transfer of angular momentum, and we show that rapid rotation is found in other Algols that have passed through a similar stage.

  19. Simulation of lean NOx trap performance with microkinetic chemistry and without mass transfer.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larson, Rich; Daw, C. Stuart (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Knoxville, TN); Pihl, Josh A. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Knoxville, TN); Chakravarthy, V. Kalyana (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Knoxville, TN)

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A microkinetic chemical reaction mechanism capable of describing both the storage and regeneration processes in a fully formulated lean NO{sub x} trap (LNT) is presented. The mechanism includes steps occurring on the precious metal, barium oxide (NO{sub x} storage), and cerium oxide (oxygen storage) sites of the catalyst. The complete reaction set is used in conjunction with a transient plug flow reactor code to simulate not only conventional storage/regeneration cycles with a CO/H{sub 2} reductant, but also steady flow temperature sweep experiments that were previously analyzed with just a precious metal mechanism and a steady state code. The results show that NO{sub x} storage is not negligible during some of the temperature ramps, necessitating a re-evaluation of the precious metal kinetic parameters. The parameters for the entire mechanism are inferred by finding the best overall fit to the complete set of experiments. Rigorous thermodynamic consistency is enforced for parallel reaction pathways and with respect to known data for all of the gas phase species involved. It is found that, with a few minor exceptions, all of the basic experimental observations can be reproduced with these purely kinetic simulations, i.e., without including mass-transfer limitations. In addition to accounting for normal cycling behavior, the final mechanism should provide a starting point for the description of further LNT phenomena such as desulfation and the role of alternative reductants.

  20. Thermophoretically augmented mass-, momentum-, and energy-transfer rates in high particle mass-loaded laminar forced convection systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, H.M.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In all previous treatments of thermophoretically-modified aerosol particle transport, even those which attempt to allow for variable host-gas properties, it has been explicitly (or implicitly) assumed that the particle mass fraction is small enough to neglect the influence of the suspended particles on the host-gas momentum-density- and energy-density-fields. However, in high-intensity material-processing applications, particle mass loadings often exceed 1/3, and the thermophoretically enhanced particle mass-deposition flux itself modifies the local-mixture velocity and temperature fields in the vicinity of the deposition surface. A self-consistent pseudo- single-phase mixture (diffusion) approximation which exploits the fact that the volume fraction of suspended particles is negligible even when the particle mass fraction is quite near unity is introduced to calculate the fully coupled problem of mass-, energy- and momentum diffusion for laminar boundary (LBL) flow of a combustion-gas mixture containing submicron particles of appreciable thermophoretic diffusivity but negligible Brownian diffusion. It is shown that thigh particles mass loading systematically increase the wall fluxes of momentum (shear stress), heat and particle mass, much like those effects associated with massive suction in single-phase LBL-theory.

  1. RESULTS OF CESIUM MASS TRANSFER TESTING FOR NEXT GENERATION SOLVENT WITH HANFORD WASTE SIMULANT AP-101

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, T.; Washington, A.; Fink, S.

    2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    SRNL has performed an Extraction, Scrub, Strip (ESS) test using the next generation solvent and AP-101 Hanford Waste simulant. The results indicate that the next generation solvent (MG solvent) has adequate extraction behavior even in the face of a massive excess of potassium. The stripping results indicate poorer behavior, but this may be due to inadequate method detection limits. SRNL recommends further testing using hot tank waste or spiked simulant to provide for better detection limits. Furthermore, strong consideration should be given to performing an actual waste, or spiked waste demonstration using the 2cm contactor bank. The Savannah River Site currently utilizes a solvent extraction technology to selectively remove cesium from tank waste at the Multi-Component Solvent Extraction unit (MCU). This solvent consists of four components: the extractant - BoBCalixC6, a modifier - Cs-7B, a suppressor - trioctylamine, and a diluent, Isopar L{trademark}. This solvent has been used to successfully decontaminate over 2 million gallons of tank waste. However, recent work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), and Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has provided a basis to implement an improved solvent blend. This new solvent blend - referred to as Next Generation Solvent (NGS) - is similar to the current solvent, and also contains four components: the extractant - MAXCalix, a modifier - Cs-7B, a suppressor - LIX-79{trademark} guanidine, and a diluent, Isopar L{trademark}. Testing to date has shown that this 'Next Generation' solvent promises to provide far superior cesium removal efficiencies, and furthermore, is theorized to perform adequately even in waste with high potassium concentrations such that it could be used for processing Hanford wastes. SRNL has performed a cesium mass transfer test in to confirm this behavior, using a simulant designed to simulate Hanford AP-101 waste.

  2. Numerical simulation of heat and mass transfer in unsteady nanofluid between two orthogonally moving porous coaxial disks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, Kashif; Iqbal, Muhammad Farooq; Ashraf, Muhammad [Centre for Advanced Studies in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan (Pakistan); Akbar, Muhammad Zubair [Centre for Advanced Studies in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan (Pakistan); Department of Mathematics, COMSATS Institute of Technology, Sahiwal (Pakistan)

    2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper deals with the study of heat and mass transfer in an unsteady viscous incompressible water-based nanofluid (containing Titanium dioxide nanoparticles) between two orthogonally moving porous coaxial disks with suction. A combination of iterative (successive over relaxation) and a direct method is employed for solving the sparse systems of linear algebraic equations arising from the FD discretization of the linearized self similar ODEs. It has been noticed that the rate of mass transfer at the disks decreases with the permeability Reynolds number whether the disks are approaching or receding. The findings of the present investigation may be beneficial for the electronic industry in maintaining the electronic components under effective and safe operational conditions.

  3. Bibliography of US patents on augmentation of convective heat and mass transfer-II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Webb, R.L.; Bergles, A.E.; Junkhan, G.H.

    1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Patents are an important source of information on the potential commercialization of augmented heat transfer technology. This report presents a bibliography of US patents pertinent to that technology. The total number of patents cited is 454. They are presented in three separate lists: by patent number, alphabetically by first inventor, and by augmentation technique (with secondary arrangement according to mode of heat transfer).

  4. International Conference on Computational Heat and Mass Transfer Paper Number 135

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khandekar, Sameer

    of heat transfer enhancement in sodium heat exchangers used in the fast breeder nuclear reactor [6 and liquid metals (Sodium, Potassium and Mercury) are utilized in the simulation. The critical sizes

  5. Heat and mass transfer in the gas tungsten and gas metal arc welding processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watkins, A.D; Smartt, H.B.; Einerson, C.J.; Watkins, J.A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The heat transferred from an electrode negative, argon gas tungsten arc to an anode was measured for a wide range of conditions suitable for mechanized welding. The results are given as (1) the arc efficiency and (2) the anode heat and current input distributions for various anode materials over a range of current and voltage. The nominal arc is Gaussian, {approximately}4 mm in diameter, with {approximately}75{percent}heat transfer efficiency. Variations from these values are discussed in terms of the electrical and thermal energy transport mechanisms. Heat transferred to the workpiece (cathode) during direct current, electrode positive gas metal arc welding (GMAW) was measured for various parameters applicable to machine welding. The results are presented as a function of electrode speed for changing voltages and contact tip to workpiece distances. The total heat transfer efficiency was nominally 85{percent} for a 0.89 mm diameter steel electrode using an argon-2{percent} oxygen shielding gas; the nominal heat transfer efficiency of the droplet component was 40{percent}. The average droplet temperatures ranged from 2400 to 3100 K, depending on the process parameters. A new method of measuring the heat transferred from the arc to the workpiece, using a boiling liquid nitrogen calorimeter, has been developed that gives rapid, accurate values. 20 refs., 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  6. Constraints on a general 3-generation neutrino mass matrix from neutrino data: application to the MSSM with R-parity violation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Abada; M. Losada

    2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a general symmetric $(3\\times 3)$ mass matrix for three generations of neutrinos. Imposing the constraints, from the atmospheric neutrino and solar neutrino anomalies as well as from the CHOOZ experiment, on the mass squared differences and on the mixing angles, we identify the ranges of allowed inputs for the 6 matrix elements. We apply our results to Majorana left-handed neutrino masses generated at tree level and through fermion--sfermion loop diagrams in the MSSM with R-parity violation. The present experimental results on neutrinos from laboratories, cosmology and astrophysics are implemented to either put bounds on trilinear ($\\lambda_{ijk}, \\lambda'_{ijk}$) and bilinear ($\\mu_{e,\\mu,\\tau}$) R-parity-violating couplings or constrain combinations of products of these couplings.

  7. Experimental and numerical investigation of turbulent flow and heat (mass) transfer in a two-pass trapezoidal channel with turbulence promoters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Sung Hyuk

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments and numerical predictions were conducted to study heat (mass) transfer characteristics in a two-pass trapezoidal channel simulating the cooling passage of a gas turbine blade. Three different rib configurations were tested for the air...

  8. Enhancement of Heat and Mass Transfer in Mechanically Contstrained Ultra Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Drost; Jim Liburdy; Brian Paul; Richard Peterson

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Oregon State University (OSU) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy to conduct research focused on resolving the key technical issues that limited the deployment of efficient and extremely compact microtechnology based heat actuated absorption heat pumps and gas absorbers. Success in demonstrating these technologies will reduce the main barriers to the deployment of a technology that can significantly reduce energy consumption in the building, automotive and industrial sectors while providing a technology that can improve our ability to sequester CO{sub 2}. The proposed research cost $939,477. $539,477 of the proposed amount funded research conducted at OSU while the balance ($400,000) was used at PNNL. The project lasted 42 months and started in April 2001. Recent developments at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oregon State University suggest that the performance of absorption and desorption systems can be significantly enhanced by the use of an ultra-thin film gas/liquid contactor. This device employs microtechnology-based structures to mechanically constrain the gas/liquid interface. This technology can be used to form very thin liquid films with a film thickness less then 100 microns while still allowing gas/liquid contact. When the resistance to mass transfer in gas desorption and absorption is dominated by diffusion in the liquid phase the use of extremely thin films (<100 microns) for desorption and absorption can radically reduce the size of a gas desorber or absorber. The development of compact absorbers and desorbers enables the deployment of small heat-actuated absorption heat pumps for distributed space heating and cooling applications, heat-actuated automotive air conditioning, manportable cooling, gas absorption units for the chemical process industry and the development of high capacity CO{sub 2} absorption devices for CO{sub 2} collection and sequestration. The energy potential energy savings associated with these technologies is estimated to ultimately be 2.88 quads per year. It has become clear that commercial application of these technologies depends on a deeper understanding of the thermal phenomena encountered in a mechanically constrained ultra-thin film device. Our lack of understanding is currently limiting both the performance of these devices and the potential for further size reductions. Barriers to successful commercial applications of the mechanically-constrained ultra-thin film contactors include poorly understood single and two phase flow phenomena in the thin film, the need for improved micromachined contactors and a poor understanding of the phenomena effecting the dimensional stability of the thin film. The research included in this proposal is focused on research associated with resolving and removing these technical barriers to commercialization. The results of the research will significantly advance the prospects for the commercialization of the whole range to technologies that depend on improved gas/liquid contacting.

  9. Software requirements, design, and verification and validation for the FEHM application - a finite-element heat- and mass-transfer code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dash, Z.V.; Robinson, B.A.; Zyvoloski, G.A.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The requirements, design, and verification and validation of the software used in the FEHM application, a finite-element heat- and mass-transfer computer code that can simulate nonisothermal multiphase multicomponent flow in porous media, are described. The test of the DOE Code Comparison Project, Problem Five, Case A, which verifies that FEHM has correctly implemented heat and mass transfer and phase partitioning, is also covered.

  10. The mass transfer and kinetics for zinc deposition from bromide media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmund, Mark Alan

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - 6 2 0. 08 M ZnBrz + 3. 0 M MaBr was DZ +z = 7. 4 * 10 cm /sec. Exchange current densities and apparent transfer coefficients are reported. The cathod1c z1nc reaction is confirmed to be first order. The proposed cathodic mechanism consists of two... consecutive charge transfer reac- tions without regard to complexation. The Br concentrat1on was, however, shown to have some influence on the reaction rate. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Support of this work by the Center for Energy and Mineral Resources...

  11. Heat/mass transfer distribution in a rotating, two-pass channel with smooth and ribbed walls

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hibbs, R.G.; Acharya, S.; Chen, Y.; Nikitopoulos, D.E. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed mass transfer measurements have been made in a rotating, two-pass square duct designed to simulate the first two passes of an internal turbine-blade-coolant channel. These measurements have been obtained using the naphthalene sublimation technique. Smooth wall results have been obtained for Reynolds numbers (Re) between 5,000 and 30,000 and rotation numbers (Ro) that satisfy ReRo = 10,000. Ribbed wall results are presented for the parameters above with a rib height to hydraulic diameter ratio fixed at 0.1 and a rib pitch to rib height ratio of 10.5.

  12. Determination of vaporization efficiencies and overall mass transfer coefficients from a packed absorber at steady state operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDaniel, Ronald

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    material balances for each component ano each element of packing. They are obtained by writing a balance on the vapor phase only, the liquid phase only, and the combined phases, Tne resulting equations are given by I'j+I v I ? v. + N dz = 0 5 '+1 N... be rearranged to give the "mass transfer relationship, " ji ji or L L yji ji ji jixji When equation (3-17) is stated in terms of liquid mole fractions and vaporization efficiencies, the following expression is obtained r j+1 N dz = (K af ) . S[(1 V ji j...

  13. Mass transfer from a giant star to a main sequence companion and its contribution to long-orbital-period blue stragglers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xuefei Chen; Zhanwen Han

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Binary population synthesis shows that mass transfer from a giant star to a main-sequence (MS) companion may account for some observed long-orbital period blue stragglers. However, little attention {\\bf is paid to this blue straggler formation scenario} as dynamical instability often happens when the mass donor is a giant star. In this paper, we have studied the critical mass ratio, $q_{\\rm c}$, for dynamically stable mass transfer from a giant star to a MS companion using detailed evolution calculations. The results show that a more evolved star is generally less stable for Roche lobe overflow. Meanwhile, $q_{\\rm c}$ almost linearly increases with the amount of the mass and angular momentum {\\bf lost} during mass transfer, but has little dependance on stellar wind. To conveniently use the result, we give a fit of $q_{\\rm c}$ as a function of the stellar radius at the onset of Roche lobe overflow and of the mass transfer efficiency during the Roche lobe overflow. To examine the formation of blue stragglers from mass transfer between giants and MS stars, we have performed Monte Carlo simulations with various $q_{\\rm c}$. {\\bf The simulations show that some binaries with the mass donor on the first giant branch may contribute to blue stragglers with $q_{\\rm c}$ obtained in this paper but will not from previous $q_{\\rm c}$. Meanwhile, from our $q_{\\rm c}$, blue stragglers from the mass transfer between an AGB star and a MS companion may be more numerous and have a wider range of orbital periods than those from the other $q_{\\rm c}$.

  14. The transfer of heat and mass to a vertical plate under frosting conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poth, Louis Joseph

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE TRAESFPIR OF HEAT . 'ND NASH 10 A VERTICAL PLATE UNDER FROSTING CONDITIONS A Thesis Louis Joseph Poth, Jr. Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Nechanioal College of Texas in partial fulfili ment of the requirements... of the Husselt-Grashof correlation for heat transfer. coefficient of saturation temper ture and concen- tration gradient correlation, for small temper- ature difference. ooefficient of frost specific gravity-thermal oonductivity correlation. coefficient...

  15. Study of local heat/mass transfer distributions in multipass channels for turbine blade cooling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandra, P.R.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The heat transfer and friction characteristics of turbulent air flow in a two-pass square channel were experimentally investigated via the naphthalene sublimation technique. The test section, which consists of two straight square channels joined by a sharp 180/sup 0/ turn, simulates the internal cooling passages of gas-turbine airfoils. The top and bottom surfaces of the test channel were roughened by rib turbulators. The effects of Reynolds number (between 10,000 and 60,000), rib pitch-to-height ratio (P/e = 10 and 20), rib height-to-hydraulic diameter ratio (e/D = 0.063 and 0.094) and rib angle-of-attack (..cap alpha.. = 90/sup 0/, 60/sup 0/ and 45/sup 0/) were studied. The local heat transfer coefficients were measured both on the ribbed side walls and on the smooth side walls along the channel. The friction factors in the before-turn, in-turn, and after-turn regions were also calculated. Average Sherwood number ratios and average friction results were correlated and compared with the published heat transfer and pressure drop data.

  16. Collective properties of neutron-star X-ray binary populations of galaxies. II. Pre-low-mass X-ray binary properties, formation rates, and constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhadkamkar, H. [Astronomy and Astrophysics, Raman Research Institute, Bengaluru 560080 (India); Ghosh, P. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400005 (India)

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We continue our exploration of the collective properties of neutron-star X-ray binaries in the stellar fields (i.e., outside globular clusters) of normal galaxies. In Paper I of this series, we considered high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs). In this paper (Paper II), we consider low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs), whose evolutionary scenario is very different from that of HMXBs. We consider the evolution of primordial binaries up to the stage where the neutron star just formed in the supernova explosion of the primary is in a binary with its low-mass, unevolved companion, and this binary has circularized tidally, producing what we call a pre-low-mass X-ray binary (pre-LMXB). We study the constraints on the formation of such pre-LMXBs in detail (since these are low-probability events), and calculate their collective properties and formation rates. To this end, we first consider the changes in the binary parameters in the various steps involved, viz., the common-envelope phase, the supernova, and the tidal evolution. This naturally leads to a clarification of the constraints. We then describe our calculation of the evolution of the distributions of primordial binary parameters into those of pre-LMXB parameters, following the standard evolutionary scenario for individual binaries. We display the latter as both bivariate and monovariate distributions, discuss their essential properties, and indicate the influences of some essential factors on these. Finally, we calculate the formation rate of these pre-LMXBs. The results of this paper will be used in a subsequent one to compute the expected X-ray luminosity function of LMXBs.

  17. A Combined Limit on the Neutrino Mass from Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay and Constraints on Sterile Majorana Neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzowski, Pawel; Evans, Justin; Karagiorgi, Georgia; McCabe, Nathan; Soldner-Rembold, Stefan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a framework to combine data from the latest neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments for multiple isotopes and derive a limit on the effective neutrino mass using the experimental energy distributions. The combined limits on the effective mass range between 130-310 meV, where the spread is due to different model calculations of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). The statistical consistency (p values) between this result and the signal observation claimed by the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment is derived. The limits on the effective mass are also evaluated in a (3+1) sterile neutrino model, assuming all neutrinos are Majorana particles.

  18. Does $K_L-K_S$ mass difference constraints or \\\\ claims new physics beyond the Standard Model?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Pisano; V. Pleitez

    1993-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The ratio $\\Delta m_K/m_K$ within the standard model with 3 generations is calculated as a function of the CP nonconserving phase $\\delta_{13}$ and the quark masses $m_c,m_t$ assuming the current values of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing angles. We have found that varying $\\delta_{13}$ and $m_c$ within the allowed range, not all the values for the top quark mass fit the experimental value for that ratio.

  19. MASS/RADIUS CONSTRAINTS ON THE QUIESCENT NEUTRON STAR IN M13 USING HYDROGEN AND HELIUM ATMOSPHERES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Catuneanu, A.; Heinke, C. O.; Sivakoff, G. R. [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Room 238 CEB, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G7 (Canada)] [Department of Physics, University of Alberta, Room 238 CEB, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G7 (Canada); Ho, W. C. G. [School of Mathematics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)] [School of Mathematics, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Servillat, M., E-mail: heinke@ualberta.ca [Laboratoire AIM, CEA Saclay, Bat. 709, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The mass and radius of the neutron star (NS) in low-mass X-ray binaries can be obtained by fitting the X-ray spectrum of the NS in quiescence, and the mass and radius constrains the properties of dense matter in NS cores. A critical ingredient for spectral fits is the composition of the NS atmosphere: hydrogen atmospheres are assumed in most prior work, but helium atmospheres are possible if the donor star is a helium white dwarf. Here we perform spectral fits to XMM-Newton, Chandra, and ROSAT data of a quiescent NS in the globular cluster M13. This NS has the smallest inferred radius from previous spectral fitting. Assuming an atmosphere composed of hydrogen, we find a significantly larger radius, more consistent with those from other quiescent NSs. With a helium atmosphere (an equally acceptable fit), we find even larger values for the radius.

  20. A feasibility study of the determination of mass transfer rates from perturbation gas chromatography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei-Yih

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and be given as ** ? '". , "-- **. * ? '". . "--( ? '". - *, :, ? ". , 'I. i=1, 2, . . . , (n-l) (4) where " indicates steady-state value and ~y-y-y* 1 i i AX = X ? X * 1 1 1 Por the local equilibrium case, if the flowing phase rate is slow.... (6) into Eq. (4), a set of linearized chro- matographic relations for the multicomponent case including the sorption effects will be obtained. This is well de- monstz'ated in Glover and Lau (19$3). For the non-equilibrium case, finite mass...

  1. Continuum-particle hybrid coupling for mass, momentum and energy transfers in unsteady fluid flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Delgado-Buscalioni; P. V. Coveney

    2003-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of hybrid methods in simulations is to communicate regions with disparate time and length scales. Here, a fluid described at the atomistic level within an inner region P is coupled to an outer region C described by continuum fluid dynamics. The matching of both descriptions of matter is made across an overlapping region and, in general, consists of a two-way coupling scheme (C->P and P->C) which conveys mass, momentum and energy fluxes. The contribution of the hybrid scheme hereby presented is two-fold: first it treats unsteady flows and, more importantly, it handles energy exchange between both C and P regions. The implementation of the C->P coupling is tested here using steady and unsteady flows with different rates of mass, momentum and energy exchange. In particular, relaxing flows described by linear hydrodynamics (transversal and longitudinal waves) are most enlightening as they comprise the whole set of hydrodynamic modes. Applying the hybrid coupling scheme after the onset of an initial perturbation, the cell-averaged Fourier components of the flow variables in the P region (velocity, density, internal energy, temperature and pressure) evolve in excellent agreement with the hydrodynamic trends. It is also shown that the scheme preserves the correct rate of entropy production. We discuss some general requirements on the coarse-grained length and time scales arising from both the characteristic microscopic and hydrodynamic scales.

  2. EFFECTS OF ALTERNATE ANTIFOAM AGENTS, NOBLE METALS, MIXING SYSTEMS AND MASS TRANSFER ON GAS HOLDUP AND RELEASE FROM NONNEWTONIAN SLURRIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guerrero, H; Mark Fowley, M; Charles Crawford, C; Michael Restivo, M; Robert Leishear, R

    2007-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Gas holdup tests performed in a small-scale mechanically-agitated mixing system at the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) were reported in 2006. The tests were for a simulant of waste from the Hanford Tank 241-AZ-101 and featured additions of DOW Corning Q2-3183A Antifoam agent. Results indicated that this antifoam agent (AFA) increased gas holdup in the waste simulant by about a factor of four and, counter intuitively, that the holdup increased as the simulant shear strength decreased (apparent viscosity decreased). These results raised questions about how the AFA might affect gas holdup in Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) vessels mixed by air sparging and pulse-jet mixers (PJMs). And whether the WTP air supply system being designed would have the capacity to handle a demand for increased airflow to operate the sparger-PJM mixing systems should the AFA increase retention of the radiochemically generated flammable gases in the waste by making the gas bubbles smaller and less mobile, or decrease the size of sparger bubbles making them mix less effectively for a given airflow rate. A new testing program was developed to assess the potential effects of adding the DOW Corning Q2-3183A AFA to WTP waste streams by first confirming the results of the work reported in 2006 by Stewart et al. and then determining if the AFA in fact causes such increased gas holdup in a prototypic sparger-PJM mixing system, or if the increased holdup is just a feature of the small-scale agitation system. Other elements of the new program include evaluating effects other variables could have on gas holdup in systems with AFA additions such as catalysis from trace noble metals in the waste, determining mass transfer coefficients for the AZ-101 waste simulant, and determining whether other AFA compositions such as Dow Corning 1520-US could also increase gas holdup in Hanford waste. This new testing program was split into two investigations, prototypic sparger-PJM tests and modeling being conducted at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and small-scale agitation tests and evaluations of effects waste and AFA ingredients have on gas retention and mass transfer being conducted at SRNL. Only work conducted at SRNL is reported here. Key results are: (1) The unexpected gas holdup behavior reported in 2006 for a small-scale agitation system is confirmed. The gas holdup data from small-scale and bench-scale impeller-type mixing systems reported herein show very different trends than the behavior exhibited by the prototypic sparger-PJM mixing system tested in the PNNL APEL facility. Results obtained from testing this 1/4-scale prototypic mixing system will be reported by PNNL. The reason for this difference in holdup behavior between the two different mixing systems is not known at this time. Consequently, data from the small mechanical agitation systems should not be extrapolated to prototypic plant conditions. (2) Bench-scale and small-scale tests conducted with Dow Corning 1520-US AFA show it to be a viable replacement to Dow Corning Q2-3183A AFA. This alternative AFA will, however, require significantly higher dosage (concentration) to perform the same antifoam function. (3) Addition of noble metals to the AZ-101 waste simulant does not produce a catalytic gas retention effect with the AFA. The Gas holdup is similar whether or not noble metals are present in the AZ-101 simulant. (4) Mass transfer tests were performed in a large (0.76 m diameter) bubble column filled to 1.3, 3.4, and 7.4 m elevations with water and the AZ-101 waste simulant. Mass transfer coefficients for air bubbles emanating from a prototypic 0.051 m diameter sparger were obtained from the transient decay of dissolved oxygen concentration in the initially saturated fluids. Adding AFA to water reduces the mass transfer coefficient slightly. AFA addition reduces the mass transfer coefficient for AZ-101 simulant more than it does for water because the shear strength of the simulant allows for larger bubble sizes, and larger bubbles have smaller surf

  3. Improvement of industrial drying of natural rubber through analysis of heat and mass transfers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naon, B.; Berthomieu, G.; Benet, J.C.; Saix, C. [Univ. Montpellier II (France). Laboratoire de Mecanique et Genie Civil

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An analysis is presented of convective drying of natural rubber in granule form. Exploitation of the mathematical model developed from analysis of internal transfers requires determination of the drying rate and the energy exchange coefficient between the material and the drying air. This was performed using a portable laboratory dryer at the production site, avoiding the problem of changes in the material during transport. Analysis of the drying kinetics of material in thin layers led to modelling the drying rate at the temperatures, rates and relative humidity values encountered in industrial dryers. The energy exchange coefficient was found by measurement of air and granule temperatures. Thick layer trials showed the suitability of the model for simulation of changes in moisture content and temperature of air and granules in a granular environment. The study as a whole led to the development of a computer program for simulating a zone dryer. This software can be used to optimize the management of an industrial natural rubber drying installation.

  4. Global evaluation of mass transfer effects: In-duct injection flue gas desulfurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, J.A.; Newton, G.H.; Kramlich, J.C.; Payne, R.

    1990-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Sorbent injection is a low capital cost, low operating cost approach to SO{sub 2} control targeted primarily at older boilers for which conventional fuel gas desulfurization is not economically viable. Duct injection is one variation of this concept in which the sorbent, either a dry powder or a slurry, is injected into the cooler regions of the boiler, generally downstream of the air heaters. The attractiveness of duct injection is tied to the fact that it avoids much of the boiler heat transfer equipment and thus has minimal impact of boiler performance. Both capital and operating cost are low. This program has as its objectives three performance related issues to address: (1) experimentally identify limits on sorbent performance. (2) identify and test sorbent performance enhancement strategies. (3) develop a compute model of the duct injection process. Two major tasks are described: a laboratory-scale global experiment and development of process model. Both are aimed at understanding and quantifying the rate-limiting processes which control SO{sub 2} capture by lime slurry during boiler duct injection. 29 refs., 35 figs., 4 tabs.

  5. HEAT AND MOISTURE TRANSFER THROUGH CLOTHING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelker, Conrad; Hoffmann, Sabine; Kornadt, Oliver; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. C. Eberhart (ed), Heat transfer in medicine and biology.between convective heat transfer and mass transferConvective and radiative heat transfer coefficients for

  6. Heat and moisture transfer through clothing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Voelker, Conrad; Hoffmann, Sabine; Kornadt, Oliver; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui; Huizenga, Charlie

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R. C. Eberhart (ed), Heat transfer in medicine and biology.Convective and radiative heat transfer coefficients forbetween convective heat transfer and mass transfer

  7. Observational constraints on the progenitors of core-collapse supernovae : the case for missing high mass stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smartt, S J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the last 15 years, the supernova community has endeavoured to identify progenitor stars of core-collapse supernovae in high resolution archival images of their galaxies.This review compiles results (from 1999 - 2013) in a distance limited sample and discusses the implications. The vast majority of the detections of progenitor stars are of type II-P, II-L or IIb with one type Ib progenitor system detected and many more upper limits for progenitors of Ibc supernovae (14). The data for these 45 supernovae progenitors illustrate a remarkable deficit of high luminosity stars above an apparent limit of Log L ~= 5.1 dex. For a typical Salpeter IMF, one would expect to have found 13 high luminosity and high mass progenitors. There is, possibly, only one object in this time and volume limited sample that is unambiguously high mass (the progenitor of SN2009ip). The possible biases due to the influence of circumstellar dust and sample selection methods are reviewed. It does not appear likely that these can explain ...

  8. Constraints on the Mass and Mixing of the 4th Generation Quark From Direct CP Violation$?^{\\prime}/?$ and Rare K Decays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao-Shang Huang; Wu-Jun Huo; Yue-Liang Wu

    2000-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the $\\epsilon^{\\prime} /\\epsilon$ for $K\\to \\pi\\pi$ in a sequential fourth generation model. By giving the basic formulae for $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon$ in this model, we analyze the numerical results which are dependent of $m_{t^{\\prime}}$ and imaginary part of the fourth CKM factor, ${Im}V^{*}_{t^{'}s}V_{t^{'}d}$ (or $V^{*}_{t^{'}s}V_{t^{'}d}$ and the fourth generation CKM matrix phase $\\theta$). We find that, unlike the SM, when taking the central values of all parameters for $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon$, the values of $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/ \\epsilon$ can easily fit to the current experimental data for all values of hadronic matrix elements estimated from various approaches. Also, we show that the experimental values of $\\epsilon^{\\prime}/\\epsilon$ and rare K decays can provide a strong constraint on both mass and mixing of the fourth generation quark. When taking the values of hadronic matrix elements from the lattice or 1/N expansion calculations, a large region of the up-type quark mass $m_{t^{\\prime}}$ is excluded.

  9. PERGAMON International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 31 "0888# 268271 99068209:87:,*see front matter 0887 Elsevier Science Ltd[ All rights reserved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    \\ chemical compressors and hydrogen storage[ A knowledge of heat and mass transfer in a metal hydride reactor during the absorption and desorption of hydrogen is important for performance optimization of the reactor zone\\ hydrogen _ltration through the metal hydride matrix and kinetics of the hydrogen sorption

  10. Development of a Transient Heat and Mass Transfer Model of Residential Attics to Predict Energy Savings Produced by the Use of Radiant Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medina, M. A.

    A transient heat and mass transfer model was developed to predict ceiling heat gain/loss through the attic space in residences and to accurately estimate savings in cooling and heating loads produced by the use of radiant barriers. The model...

  11. Enrichment and Analysis of Nonenzymatically Glycated Peptides: Boronate Affinity Chromatography Coupled with Electron-Transfer Dissociation Mass Spectrometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Qibin; Tang, Ning; Brock, Jonathan W.; Mottaz, Heather M.; Ames, Jennifer M.; Baynes, John; Smith, Richard D.; Metz, Thomas O.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-enzymatic glycation of peptides and proteins by D-glucose has important implications in the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus, particularly in the development of diabetic complications. However, no effective high-throughput methods exist for identifying proteins containing this low abundance post-translational modification in bottom-up proteomic studies. In this report, phenylboronate affinity chromatography was used in a two-step enrichment scheme to selectively isolate first glycated proteins and then glycated, tryptic peptides from human serum glycated in vitro. Enriched peptides were subsequently analyzed by alternating electron transfer dissociation (ETD) and collision induced dissociation (CID) tandem mass spectrometry. It was observed that ETD fragmentation mode resulted in a significantly higher number of glycated peptide identifications (87.6% of all identified peptides) versus CID mode (17.0% of all identified peptides), when utilizing dual glycation enrichment on both the protein and peptide level. This study illustrates that phenylboronate affinity chromatography coupled with LC-MS/MS with ETD as the fragmentation mode is an efficient approach for analyses of glycated proteins and can have broad applications in studies of diabetes mellitus.

  12. Measurements of heat and mass transfer coefficients during absorption of water vapor by lithium bromide and (Li,K,Na)NO sub 3 mixtures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaltash, A.; Ally, M.R.; Linkous, R.L.; Klatt, L.N.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A knowledge of heat and mass transfer coefficients in heat pump fluids, plays an important role in the design of absorption machines. Heat and mass transfer coefficients as well as subcooling are measured for absorption of water vapor in (Li, K, Na)No{sub 3} and Lithium Bromide (LiBr) mixtures.The rate of absorption of water vapor is obtained from the difference in concentration of mixtures between inlet and outlet streams across the absorber. In situ concentrations of aqueous salt mixtures over temperature ranges between 80 to 135 {degrees}C were calculated from density measurements. This technique of measurement is a reliable and convenient but not a very accurate ({plus minus}0.8 wt% salt) method of measuring the in situ salt concentration. Results show that the subcooling at the absorber exit is not only a property of the fluid, but depends strongly on the process conditions. The subcooling in LiBr mixtures without additive is shown to vary between 2.2 and 24.3 {degrees}C and the film heat transfer coefficient between 1365.2 and 801.1 W/m{sup 2}.K respectively, depending upon process conditions. These empirical results will prove to be of value to heat pump manufacturers because they have a strong bearing on costs and performance. Heat and mass transfer coefficients in aqueous salt solutions ate presented as a function of dimensionless numbers. 12 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  13. Mass transfer andMass transfer and Mass transfer andMass transfer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    equibrium 4 erföringo qq (G/L, G/S, L/S, L/L, G/L/S)(G/L, G/S, L/S, L/L, G/L/S) Massöve februari 2012 ÅboHow is a "is a "phasephase"" defineddefined ??HowHow is ais a phasephase defineddefined ?? J.W. Gibbs: A phase don t mix! Presumably, in the end ci in B >> ci in A and ci i A lSeparation funnel

  14. The design, construction, and instrumentation of a chamber to study heat, mass, and momentum transfer from humid air to metal under conditions of frosting and free convection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchison, James P

    1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE DESIGN? CONSTRUCTION? AND INSTRUMENTATION OF A CEAMSER TO STUDY HEAT, MASS? AND MOSNTUM TRANSFER FROM HUMID AIR TO METAL UNDER CONDITIONS OF FROSTING AND FREE CONVECTION A Thesis By James P. Hutchison Submitted to the Graduate School... temperatures a cryogenic pump wss necessary. The sire of the pump was computed on the basis of maintaining a one degree Fahrenheit drop of the coolant temperature through the supply systms. The greatest heat load on the supply system being 3718 BTU per hour...

  15. Influence of Wetting and Mass Transfer Properties of Organic Chemical Mixtures in Vadose Zone Materials on Groundwater Contamination by Nonaqueous Phase Liquids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles J Werth; Albert J Valocchi, Hongkyu Yoon

    2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous studies have found that organic acids, organic bases, and detergent-like chemicals change surface wettability. The wastewater and NAPL mixtures discharged at the Hanford site contain such chemicals, and their proportions likely change over time due to reaction-facilitated aging. The specific objectives of this work were to (1) determine the effect of organic chemical mixtures on surface wettability, (2) determine the effect of organic chemical mixtures on CCl4 volatilization rates from NAPL, and (3) accurately determine the migration, entrapment, and volatilization of organic chemical mixtures. Five tasks were proposed to achieve the project objectives. These are to (1) prepare representative batches of fresh and aged NAPL-wastewater mixtures, (2) to measure interfacial tension, contact angle, and capillary pressure-saturation profiles for the same mixtures, (3) to measure interphase mass transfer rates for the same mixtures using micromodels, (4) to measure multiphase flow and interphase mass transfer in large flow cell experiments, all using the same mixtures, and (5) to modify the multiphase flow simulator STOMP in order to account for updated P-S and interphase mass transfer relationships, and to simulate the impact of CCl4 in the vadose zone on groundwater contamination. Results and findings from these tasks and summarized in the attached final report.

  16. Characterizing the Performance of a Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometer with a Rapid Cycling Tenax Preconcentrator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garland, S.P.; Alexander, M.L.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are species of interest for atmospheric modeling, worker chemical exposure and medical studies. Sometimes the required detection limits for these compounds is below the capability of existing real-time instrumentation. Preconcentrators have been implemented as an inexpensive way to amplify chemical signals and improve detection limits. Proton-transfer-reaction mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) has been used as a tool for studying low concentrations of VOCs, but it lacks the capability to differentiate chemical signal contributions from isobaric compounds. In this work, behavior of a newly designed Tenax TA preconcentrator when coupled with a PTRMS is characterized. This novel preconcentrator design allows rapid temperature cycling, maintaining near real-time response. The preconcentrator was exposed to a sample gas of toluene in varying concentrations and loading times between and then thermally desorbed for analysis by PTR-MS. The effects of preconcentrating multiple analytes simultaneously were also investigated as well as the chromatographic effects of the preconcentrator. A linear behavior was observed when the integrated ion count rates (ICPS) from thermal desorption peaks were regressed against both varying loading times at a constant toluene concentration and varying concentrations with constant loading times. From these trends, it is possible to determine the concentration of a VOC by knowing its ICPS from thermal desorption peaks from a known preconcentration time. Peak height ion count rates representing ultimate detectability were amplified by factors up to 257 times the original signal, extending the range of the PTR-MS from 50pptv to nearly 250 parts per quadrillion. This corresponds to an ultimate sensitivity of 200 parts per quadrillion with 20 minute time resolution. Quantitative preconcentrator behavior was demonstrated using ICPS from these ion peaks and were amplified as much as 148 times their original signal. Results from multi-analyte desorption indicate that chromatographic separation is possible with a Tenax preconcentrator and further details are discussed. The dramatic increased in sensitivity with near real-time response, combined with chromatographic resolving capability opens up new areas of research requiring the detection of ultra-trace organic species using PTR-MS.

  17. Summary of the Models and Methods for the FEHM Application-A Finite-Element Heat- and Mass-Transfer Code

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    George A. Zyvoloski; Bruce A. Robinson; Zora V. Dash; Lynn L. Trease

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The mathematical models and numerical methods employed by the FEHM application, a finite-element heat- and mass-transfer computer code that can simulate nonisothermal multiphase multi-component flow in porous media, are described. The use of this code is applicable to natural-state studies of geothermal systems and groundwater flow. A primary use of the FEHM application will be to assist in the understanding of flow fields and mass transport in the saturated and unsaturated zones below the proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository in Nevada. The component models of FEHM are discussed. The first major component, Flow- and Energy-Transport Equations, deals with heat conduction; heat and mass transfer with pressure- and temperature-dependent properties, relative permeabilities and capillary pressures; isothermal air-water transport; and heat and mass transfer with noncondensible gas. The second component, Dual-Porosity and Double-Porosity/Double-Permeability Formulation, is designed for problems dominated by fracture flow. Another component, The Solute-Transport Models, includes both a reactive-transport model that simulates transport of multiple solutes with chemical reaction and a particle-tracking model. Finally, the component, Constitutive Relationships, deals with pressure- and temperature-dependent fluid/air/gas properties, relative permeabilities and capillary pressures, stress dependencies, and reactive and sorbing solutes. Each of these components is discussed in detail, including purpose, assumptions and limitations, derivation, applications, numerical method type, derivation of numerical model, location in the FEHM code flow, numerical stability and accuracy, and alternative approaches to modeling the component.

  18. Corresponding author: Tel: +33 2 23 23 81 57 ; Fax: +33 2 23 23 81 99 : Email-address: pierre-francois.biard@ensc-rennes.fr (PF BIARD) Overview of mass transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of interest, hydrogen sulfide H2S, methyl mercaptan CH3SH and ammonia NH3, for different scenarii to assess for hydrophobic compounds. This is typically the case for hydrogen sulfide (H2S) [6]. The mass transfer e transfer is widely used in environmental engineering for pollutant removal [1-4]. This unit operation

  19. HYDRODYNAMIC AND RADIATIVE MODELING OF TEMPORAL H{alpha} EMISSION V/R VARIATIONS CAUSED BY DISCONTINUOUS MASS TRANSFER IN BINARIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chadima, Pavel; Harmanec, Petr; Wolf, Marek [Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holesovickach 2, CZ-180 00 Praha 8 (Czech Republic); Firt, Roman [Mathematical Institute, University of Bayreuth, D-95447 Bayreuth (Germany); Ruzdjak, Domagoj; Bozic, Hrvoje [Hvar Observatory, Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Koubsky, Pavel, E-mail: pavel.chadima@gmail.com [Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences, CZ-251 65 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    H{alpha} emission V/R variations caused by discontinuous mass transfer in interacting binaries with a rapidly rotating accreting star are modeled qualitatively for the first time. The program ZEUS-MP was used to create a non-linear three-dimensional hydrodynamical model of a development of a blob of gaseous material injected into an orbit around a star. It resulted in the formation of an elongated disk with a slow prograde revolution. The LTE radiative transfer program SHELLSPEC was used to calculate the H{alpha} profiles originating in the disk for several phases of its revolution. The profiles have the form of a double emission and exhibit V/R and radial velocity variations. However, these variations should be a temporal phenomenon since imposing a viscosity in the given model would lead to a circularization of the disk and fading-out of the given variations.

  20. Mass Transfer And Hydraulic Testing Of The V-05 And V-10 Contactors With The Next Generation Solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herman, D. T.; Duignan, M. R.; Williams, M. R.; Peters, T. B.; Poirier, M. R.; Fondeur, F. F.

    2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit (MCU) facility is actively pursuing the transition from the current BOBCalixC6 based solvent to the Next Generation Solvent (NGS)-MCU solvent. To support this integration of NGS into the MCU facilities, Savannah River Remediation (SRR) requested that Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) perform testing of a blend of the NGS (MaxCalix based solvent) with the current solvent (BOBCalixC6 based solvent) for the removal of cesium (Cs) from the liquid salt waste stream. This testing differs from prior testing by utilizing a blend of BOBCalixC6 based solvent and the NGS with the full (0.05 M) concentration of the MaxCalix as well as a new suppressor, tris(3,7dimethyloctyl) guanidine. Single stage tests were conducted using the full size V-05 and V-10 centrifugal contactors installed at SRNL. These tests were designed to determine the mass transfer and hydraulic characteristics with the NGS solvent blended with the projected heel of the BOBCalixC6 based solvent that will exist in MCU at time of transition. The test program evaluated the amount of organic carryover and the droplet size of the organic carryover phases using several analytical methods. Stage efficiency and mass distribution ratios were determined by measuring Cs concentration in the aqueous and organic phases during single contactor testing. The nominal cesium distribution ratio, D(Cs) measured for extraction ranged from 37-60. The data showed greater than 96% stage efficiency for extraction. No significant differences were noted for operations at 4, 8 or 12 gpm aqueous salt simulant feed flow rates. The first scrub test (contact with weak caustic solution) yielded average scrub D(Cs) values of 3.3 to 5.2 and the second scrub test produced an average value of 1.8 to 2.3. For stripping behavior, the “first stage” D Cs) values ranged from 0.04 to 0.08. The efficiency of the low flow (0.27 gpm aqueous) was calculated to be 82.7%. The Spreadsheet Algorithm for Stagewise Solvent Extraction (SASSE) predicted equivalent DF for MCU from this testing is greater than 3,500 assuming 95% efficiency during extraction and 80% efficiency during scrub and strip. Hydraulically, the system performed very well in all tests. Target flows were easily obtained and stable throughout testing. Though some issues were encountered with plugging in the coalescer, they were not related to the solvent. No hydraulic upsets due to the solvent were experienced during any of the tests conducted. The first extraction coalescer element used in testing developed high pressure drop that made it difficult to maintain the target flow rates. Analysis showed an accumulation of sodium aluminosilicate solids. The coalescer was replaced with one from the same manufacturer’s lot and pressure drop was no longer an issue. Concentrations of Isopar™ L and Modifier were measured using semi-volatile organic analysis (SVOA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) to determine the amount of solvent carryover. For low-flow (0.27 gpm aqueous) conditions in stripping, SVOA measured the Isopar™ L post-contactor concentration to be 25 mg/L, HPLC measured 39 mg/L of Modifier. For moderate-flow (0.54 gpm aqueous) conditions, SVOA measured the Isopar™ L postcontactor to be ~69 mg/L, while the HPLC measured 56 mg/L for Modifier. For high-flow (0.8 gpm aqueous) conditions, SVOA measured the Isopar™ L post-contactor to be 39 mg/L. The post-coalescer (pre-decanter) measurements by SVOA for Isopar™ L were all less than the analysis detection limit of 10 mg/L. The HPLC measured 18, 22 and 20 mg/L Modifier for the low, medium, and high-low rates respectively. In extraction, the quantity of pre-coalescer Isopar™ L carryover measured by SVOA was ~280-410 mg/L at low flow (4 gpm aqueous), ~400-450 mg/L at moderate flow (8 gpm aqueous), and ~480 mg/L at high flow (12 gpm aqueous). The amount of post coalescer (pre-decanter) Isopar™ L carryover measured by SVOA was less than 45 mg/L for all flow rates. HPLC results for Modifier were 182, 217 and 22

  1. Int. Comm. Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 293-302, 2000 Copyright 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    condition were also measured. The results indicated that the porous material has a highly effective two-phase-pentane flowing through a rigid, mono-dispersed fiber's porous media with and without phase change-1933(00)00110-X AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF TWO PHASE FLOW AND BOILING HEAT TRANSFER IN BI-DISPERSED POROUS CHANNELS

  2. Electromagnetic Nature of Thermo-Mechanical Mass-Energy Transfer Due to Photon Diffusive Re-Emission and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    , the mass-energy equivalence and the Physics law of forced interactions will be violated, since these thermo-mechanical phenomena are neither gravitational nor nuclear interactions. It is widely believed that thermal heat

  3. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford’s 300 Area Uranium Plume January 2011 to January 2012

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zachara, John M.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Christensen, John N.; Conrad, Mark S.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Freshley, Mark D.; Haggerty, Roy; Hammond, Glenn E.; Kent, Douglas B.; Konopka, Allan; Lichtner, Peter C.; Liu, Chongxuan; McKinley, James P.; Murray, Christopher J.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Rubin, Yoram; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Versteeg, Roelof J.; Zheng, Chunmiao

    2012-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The Integrated Field Research Challenge (IFRC) at the Hanford Site 300 Area uranium (U) plume addresses multi-scale mass transfer processes in a complex subsurface biogeochemical setting where groundwater and riverwater interact. A series of forefront science questions on reactive mass transfer motivates research. These questions relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements and approaches needed to characterize and model a mass-transfer dominated biogeochemical system. The project was initiated in February 2007, with CY 2007, CY 2008, CY 2009, and CY 2010 progress summarized in preceding reports. A project peer review was held in March 2010, and the IFRC project acted upon all suggestions and recommendations made in consequence by reviewers and SBR/DOE. These responses have included the development of 'Modeling' and 'Well-Field Mitigation' plans that are now posted on the Hanford IFRC web-site, and modifications to the IFRC well-field completed in CY 2011. The site has 35 instrumented wells, and an extensive monitoring system. It includes a deep borehole for microbiologic and biogeochemical research that sampled the entire thickness of the unconfined 300 A aquifer. Significant, impactful progress has been made in CY 2011 including: (i) well modifications to eliminate well-bore flows, (ii) hydrologic testing of the modified well-field and upper aquifer, (iii) geophysical monitoring of winter precipitation infiltration through the U-contaminated vadose zone and spring river water intrusion to the IFRC, (iv) injection experimentation to probe the lower vadose zone and to evaluate the transport behavior of high U concentrations, (v) extended passive monitoring during the period of water table rise and fall, and (vi) collaborative down-hole experimentation with the PNNL SFA on the biogeochemistry of the 300 A Hanford-Ringold contact and the underlying redox transition zone. The modified well-field has functioned superbly without any evidence for well-bore flows. Beyond these experimental efforts, our site-wide reactive transport models (PFLOTRAN and eSTOMP) have been updated to include site geostatistical models of both hydrologic properties and adsorbed U distribution; and new hydrologic characterization measurements of the upper aquifer. These increasingly robust models are being used to simulate past and recent U desorption-adsorption experiments performed under different hydrologic conditions, and heuristic modeling to understand the complex functioning of the smear zone. We continued efforts to assimilate geophysical logging and 3D ERT characterization data into our site wide geophysical model, with significant and positive progress in 2011 that will enable publication in 2012. Our increasingly comprehensive field experimental results and robust reactive transport simulators, along with the field and laboratory characterization, are leading to a new conceptual model of U(VI) flow and transport in the IFRC footprint and the 300 Area in general, and insights on the microbiological community and associated biogeochemical processes influencing N, S, C, Mn, and Fe. Collectively these findings and higher scale models are providing a unique and unparalleled system-scale understanding of the biogeochemical function of the groundwater-river interaction zone.

  4. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford’s 300 Area Uranium Plume January 2010 to January 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zachara, John M.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Christensen, John N.; Conrad, Mark S.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Freshley, Mark D.; Haggerty, Roy; Hammond, Glenn E.; Kent, Douglas B.; Konopka, Allan; Lichtner, Peter C.; Liu, Chongxuan; McKinley, James P.; Murray, Christopher J.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Rubin, Yoram; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Versteeg, Roelof J.; Ward, Anderson L.; Zheng, Chunmiao

    2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Integrated Field Research Challenge (IFRC) at the Hanford Site 300 Area uranium (U) plume addresses multi-scale mass transfer processes in a complex subsurface hydrogeologic setting where groundwater and riverwater interact. A series of forefront science questions on reactive mass transfer focus research. These questions relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements and approaches needed to characterize and model a mass-transfer dominated system. The project was initiated in February 2007, with CY 2007, CY 2008, and CY 2009 progress summarized in preceding reports. A project peer review was held in March 2010, and the IFRC project has responded to all suggestions and recommendations made in consequence by reviewers and SBR/DOE. These responses have included the development of “Modeling” and “Well-Field Mitigation” plans that are now posted on the Hanford IFRC web-site. The site has 35 instrumented wells, and an extensive monitoring system. It includes a deep borehole for microbiologic and biogeochemical research that sampled the entire thickness of the unconfined 300 A aquifer. Significant, impactful progress has been made in CY 2010 including the quantification of well-bore flows in the fully screened wells and the testing of means to mitigate them; the development of site geostatistical models of hydrologic and geochemical properties including the distribution of U; developing and parameterizing a reactive transport model of the smear zone that supplies contaminant U to the groundwater plume; performance of a second passive experiment of the spring water table rise and fall event with a associated multi-point tracer test; performance of downhole biogeochemical experiments where colonization substrates and discrete water and gas samplers were deployed to the lower aquifer zone; and modeling of past injection experiments for model parameterization, deconvolution of well-bore flow effects, system understanding, and publication. We continued efforts to assimilate geophysical logging and 3D ERT characterization data into our site wide geophysical model, and have now implemented a new strategy for this activity to bypass an approach that was found unworkable. An important focus of CY 2010 activities has been infrastructure modification to the IFRC site to eliminate vertical well bore flows in the fully screened wells. The mitigation procedure was carefully evaluated and is now being implementated. A new experimental campaign is planned for early spring 2011 that will utilize the modified well-field for a U reactive transport experiment in the upper aquifer zone. Preliminary geophysical monitoring experiments of rainwater recharge in the vadose zone have been initiated with promising results, and a controlled infiltration experiment to evaluate U mobilization from the vadose zone is now under planning for the September 2011. The increasingly comprehensive field experimental results, along with the field and laboratory characterization, are leading to a new conceptual model of U(VI) flow and transport in the IFRC footprint and the 300 Area in general, and insights on the microbiological community and associated biogeochemical processes.

  5. Multi-Scale Mass Transfer Processes Controlling Natural Attenuation and Engineered Remediation: An IFRC Focused on Hanford’s 300 Area Uranium Plume

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zachara, John M.; Bjornstad, Bruce N.; Christensen, John N.; Conrad, Mark E.; Fredrickson, Jim K.; Freshley, Mark D.; Haggerty, Roy; Hammon, Glenn; Kent, Douglas B.; Konopka, Allan; Lichtner, Peter C.; Liu, Chongxuan; McKinley, James P.; Murray, Christopher J.; Rockhold, Mark L.; Rubin, Yoram; Vermeul, Vincent R.; Versteeg, Roelof J.; Ward, Anderson L.; Zheng, Chunmiao

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Integrated Field-Scale Subsurface Research Challenge (IFRC) at the Hanford Site 300 Area uranium (U) plume addresses multi-scale mass transfer processes in a complex hydrogeologic setting where groundwater and riverwater interact. A series of forefront science questions on mass transfer are posed for research which relate to the effect of spatial heterogeneities; the importance of scale; coupled interactions between biogeochemical, hydrologic, and mass transfer processes; and measurements and approaches needed to characterize and model a mass-transfer dominated system. The project was initiated in February 2007, with CY 2007 and CY 2008 progress summarized in preceding reports. The site has 35 instrumented wells, and an extensive monitoring system. It includes a deep borehole for microbiologic and biogeochemical research that sampled the entire thickness of the unconfined 300 A aquifer. Significant, impactful progress has been made in CY 2009 with completion of extensive laboratory measurements on field sediments, field hydrologic and geophysical characterization, four field experiments, and modeling. The laboratory characterization results are being subjected to geostatistical analyses to develop spatial heterogeneity models of U concentration and chemical, physical, and hydrologic properties needed for reactive transport modeling. The field experiments focused on: (1) physical characterization of the groundwater flow field during a period of stable hydrologic conditions in early spring, (2) comprehensive groundwater monitoring during spring to characterize the release of U(VI) from the lower vadose zone to the aquifer during water table rise and fall, (3) dynamic geophysical monitoring of salt-plume migration during summer, and (4) a U reactive tracer experiment (desorption) during the fall. Geophysical characterization of the well field was completed using the down-well Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) array, with results subjected to robust, geostatistically constrained inversion analyses. These measurements along with hydrologic characterization have yielded 3D distributions of hydraulic properties that have been incorporated into an updated and increasingly robust hydrologic model. Based on significant findings from the microbiologic characterization of deep borehole sediments in CY 2008, down-hole biogeochemistry studies were initiated where colonization substrates and spatially discrete water and gas samplers were deployed to select wells. The increasingly comprehensive field experimental results, along with the field and laboratory characterization, are leading to a new conceptual model of U(VI) flow and transport in the IFRC footprint and the 300 Area in general, and insights on the microbiological community and associated biogeochemical processes. A significant issue related to vertical flow in the IFRC wells was identified and evaluated during the spring and fall field experimental campaigns. Both upward and downward flows were observed in response to dynamic Columbia River stage. The vertical flows are caused by the interaction of pressure gradients with our heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity field. These impacts are being evaluated with additional modeling and field activities to facilitate interpretation and mitigation. The project moves into CY 2010 with ambitious plans for a drilling additional wells for the IFRC well field, additional experiments, and modeling. This research is part of the ERSP Hanford IFRC at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

  6. Local heat/mass transfer distributions around sharp 180 deg turns in two-pass smooth and rib-roughened channels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, J.C.; Chandra, P.R.; Lau, S.C. (Texas A and M Univ., College Station (United States))

    1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The detailed mass transfer distributions around the sharp 180 deg turns in a two-pass, square, smooth channel and in an identical channel with two rib-roughened opposite walls were determined via the napthalene sublimation technique. The top, bottom, inner (divider), and outer walls of the test channel were napthalene-coated surfaces. For the ribbed channel tests, square, transverse, brass ribs were attached to the top and bottom walls of the channel in alignment. The rib height-to-hydraulic diameter ratios (e/D) were 0.063 and 0.094; the rib pitch-to-height ratios (P/e) were 10 and 20. Experiments were conducted for three Reynolds numbers of 15,000, 30,000 and 60,000. Results show that the Sherwood numbers on the top, outer, and inner walls around the turn in the rib-roughened channel are higher than the corresponding Sherwood numbers around the turn in the smooth channel. For both the smooth and the ribbed channels, the Sherwood numbers after the sharp turn are higher than those before the turn. The regional averages of the local Sherwood numbers are correlated and compared with published heat transfer data.

  7. Heat Transfer Guest Editorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandlikar, Satish

    Journal of Heat Transfer Guest Editorial We are indeed delighted in bringing out this special issue was showcased in diverse areas such as traditional heat and mass transfer, lab-on-chip, sensors, biomedical applica- tions, micromixers, fuel cells, and microdevices. Selected papers in the field of heat transfer

  8. * Presented at CP'99 Workshop on Constraints in Control (CC'99). Towards Constraint-based Actuation Allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fromherz, Markus P.J.

    , and their many possible configurations. Low cost can be achieved through the mass fabrication of the simpler* Presented at CP'99 Workshop on Constraints in Control (CC'99). Towards Constraint-based Actuation

  9. MassMass transfer andtransfer and arationstearationste

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    Equilibrium determined by thermodynamics 4 erföringo cH2O,eq Massöve cH2O in liq Rate determined by transport processes and equipment design cH2O equipment design RoNzÅbo Akademi - kemiteknik ­ Värme- och tel. 3223 ; ron.zevenhoven@abo.fi RoNz eknikarationste 24302 ochSepa 2.1 Fick's Law,2.1 Fick's Law, 4

  10. On Field Constraint Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wies, Thomas

    2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce field constraint analysis, a new technique for verifying data structure invariants. A field constraint for a field is a formula specifying a set of objects to which the field can point. Field constraints ...

  11. Indirect Heat Transfer Technology For Waste Heat Recovery Can Save You Money

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beyrau, J. A.; Bogel, N. G.; Seifert, W. F.; Wuelpern, L. E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    constraints of an existing installation makes the conventional flue gas to air energy recovery technology impractical to employ. A successful alternative is the transfer of waste heat to an intermediate heat transfer fluid (i.e., DOWTHERM Heat Transfer Fluid...

  12. Technical Notes 2669 Inl.J. Hear Mass Transfer. Vol. 34, No. IO, pp. 2669-2673, 1991 0017-9310/91$3.00+0.M)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Suresh K.

    distillation in that the sequence of gasification is con- trolled by the volatility differentials among [3] for the non-dimensional mass evaporation rate &, the fractional mass evaporation rate E

  13. Neutrino Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Weinheimer; Kai Zuber

    2013-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The various experiments on neutrino oscillation evidenced that neutrinos have indeed non-zero masses but cannot tell us the absolute neutrino mass scale. This scale of neutrino masses is very important for understanding the evolution and the structure formation of the universe as well as for nuclear and particle physics beyond the present Standard Model. Complementary to deducing constraints on the sum of all neutrino masses from cosmological observations two different methods to determine the neutrino mass scale in the laboratory are pursued: the search for neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay and the direct neutrino mass search by investigating single $\\beta$-decays or electron captures. The former method is not only sensitive to neutrino masses but also probes the Majorana character of neutrinos and thus lepton number violation with high sensitivity. Currently quite a few experiments with different techniques are being constructed, commissioned or are even running, which aim for a sensitivity on the neutrino mass of {\\cal O}(100) meV. The principle methods and these experiments will be discussed in this short review.

  14. The Connection Between Low-Mass X-ray Binaries and (Millisecond) Pulsars: A Binary Evolution Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher J. Deloye

    2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I review the evolutionary connection between low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs) and pulsars with binary companions (bPSRs) from a stellar binary evolution perspective. I focus on the evolution of stellar binaries with end-states consisting of a pulsar with a low-mass (<1.0 solar mass) companion, starting at the point the companion's progenitor first initiates mass transfer onto the neutron star. Whether this mass transfer is stable and the physics driving ongoing mass transfer partitions the phase space of the companions's initial mass and initial orbital period into five regions. The qualitative nature of the mass-transfer process and the binary's final end-state differ between systems in each region; four of these regions each produce a particular class of LMXBs. I compare the theoretical expectations to the populations of galactic field LMXBs with companion-mass constraints and field bPSRs. I show that the population of accreting millisecond pulsars are all identified with only two of the four LMXB classes and that these systems do not have readily identifiable progeny in the bPSR population. I discuss which sub-populations of bPSRs can be explained by binary evolution theory and those that currently are not. Finally I discuss some outstanding questions in this field.

  15. MassMass transfer andtransfer and MassMass transfer andtransfer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    - kemiteknik - Värme- och strömningsteknik Biskopsgatan 8, 20500 Åbo 2/44 #12;M d l h h ?M d l h h ?Model analysisSolve balance equations C d t d l l relevant parameters SOLUTION Conduct model-scale experiments Biskopsgatan 8, 20500 Åbo 4/44 SOLUTION #12;M d l h h h ?M d l h h h ?Model theory: how, what?Model theory: how

  16. Press Pass - Press Release - Higgs mass constraints

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah ProjectPRE-AWARDenergy useNational Security0 April4 February06

  17. Press Pass - Press Release - Higgs mass constraints

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical InformationProcessAll-Of-The-Above

  18. Press Pass - Press Release - Higgs mass constraints

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)IntegratedSpeedingTechnical InformationProcessAll-Of-The-Above10-13 July 26, 2010

  19. Solar System Constraints on Disformal Gravity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiu Yan Ip; Jeremy Sakstein; Fabian Schmidt

    2015-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Disformal theories of gravity are scalar-tensor theories where the scalar couples derivatively to matter via the Jordan frame metric. These models have recently attracted interest in the cosmological context since they admit accelerating solutions. We derive the solution for a static isolated mass in generic disformal gravity theories and transform it into the parameterised post-Newtonian form. This allows us to investigate constraints placed on such theories by local tests of gravity. The tightest constraints come from preferred-frame effects due to the motion of the Solar System with respect to the evolving cosmological background field. The constraints we obtain improve upon the previous solar system constraints by two orders of magnitude, and constrain the scale of the disformal coupling for generic models to $\\mathcal{M} \\gtrsim 100$ eV. These constraints render all disformal effects irrelevant for cosmology.

  20. Solar System Constraints on Disformal Gravity Theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ip, Hiu Yan; Schmidt, Fabian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disformal theories of gravity are scalar-tensor theories where the scalar couples derivatively to matter via the Jordan frame metric. These models have recently attracted interest in the cosmological context since they admit accelerating solutions. We derive the solution for a static isolated mass in generic disformal gravity theories and transform it into the parameterised post-Newtonian form. This allows us to investigate constraints placed on such theories by local tests of gravity. The tightest constraints come from preferred-frame effects due to the motion of the Solar System with respect to the evolving cosmological background field. The constraints we obtain improve upon the previous solar system constraints by two orders of magnitude, and constrain the scale of the disformal coupling for generic models to $\\mathcal{M} \\gtrsim 100$ eV. These constraints render all disformal effects irrelevant for cosmology.

  1. Dynamical Constraints on Disk Galaxy Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stacy McGaugh

    1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The rotation curves of disk galaxies exhibit a number of striking regularities. The amplitude of the rotation is correlated with luminosity (Tully-Fisher), the shape of the rotation curve is well predicted by the luminous mass distribution, and the magnitude of the mass discrepancy increases systematically with decreasing centripetal acceleration. These properties indicate a tight connection between light and mass, and impose strong constraints on theories of galaxy formation.

  2. Spacetime constraints on accreting black holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garofalo, David [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena California 91109 (United States)

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the spin dependence of accretion onto rotating Kerr black holes using analytic techniques. In its linear regime, angular momentum transport in MHD turbulent accretion flow involves the generation of radial magnetic field connecting plasma in a differentially rotating flow. We take a first principles approach, highlighting the constraint that limits the generation and amplification of radial magnetic fields, stemming from the transfer of energy from mechanical to magnetic form. Because the energy transferred in magnetic form is ultimately constrained by gravitational potential energy or Killing energy, the spin dependence of the latter allows us to derive spin-dependent constraints on the success of the accreting plasma to expel its angular momentum. We find an inverse relationship between this ability and black hole spin. If this radial magnetic field generation forms the basis for angular momentum transfer in accretion flows, accretion rates involving Kerr black holes are expected to be lower as the black hole spin increases in the prograde sense.

  3. Constraints and AI Planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nareyek, A; Freuder, E C; Fourer, R; Giunchiglia, R P; Kautz, H; Rintanen, J; Tate, Austin

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tackling real-world problems often requires to take various types of constraints into account. Such constraint types range from simple numerical comparators to complex resources. This article describes how planning techniques ...

  4. Edinburgh Research Explorer Statistical Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    Edinburgh Research Explorer Statistical Constraints Citation for published version: Rossi, R that links statistics and constraint programming. We dis- cuss two novel statistical constraints and some, Prestwich, S & Tarim, SA 2014, 'Statistical Constraints' Paper presented at 21st biennial European

  5. Reconciling Nuclear and Astrophysical Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dexheimer, V; Schramm, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In view of new constraints put forth by recent observations and measurements in the realm of astrophysics and nuclear physics, we update the non-linear realization of the sigma model as to reflect such constraints. By doing this, we obtain new equations of state that may be used to describe neutron stars. Such equations of state are obtained by investigating different ways by which the vector mesons self-interact. Furthermore, we also investigate the role played by the delta mesons in the model. As a result, we are able to develop equations of state that are in better agreement with data, such as nuclear compressibility and slope of the symmetry energy at saturation, star masses, radii, and cooling profiles.

  6. Unitarity constraints on trimaximal mixing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kumar, Sanjeev [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi -110005 (India)

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When the neutrino mass eigenstate {nu}{sub 2} is trimaximally mixed, the mixing matrix is called trimaximal. The middle column of the trimaximal mixing matrix is identical to tribimaximal mixing and the other two columns are subject to unitarity constraints. This corresponds to a mixing matrix with four independent parameters in the most general case. Apart from the two Majorana phases, the mixing matrix has only one free parameter in the CP conserving limit. Trimaximality results in interesting interplay between mixing angles and CP violation. A notion of maximal CP violation naturally emerges here: CP violation is maximal for maximal 2-3 mixing. Similarly, there is a natural constraint on the deviation from maximal 2-3 mixing which takes its maximal value in the CP conserving limit.

  7. Investigation of combined heat and mass transfer from a wet heat exchanger. Part 2. Experimental results and operational characteristics of heat exchangers in dry/wet operations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hauser, S.G.; Kreid, D.K.; Johnson, B.M.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This second part of a two-part paper summarizes the experimental evaluation of a plate finned heat exchanger both with and without the surface wetted by a flowing film of water. The results indicate an increase in heat transfer during wet operation of two to five times over that of dry operation for the same meteorological conditions. The deluge model is shown to accurately predict the wet performance using an experimentally determined deluge film coefficient and the dry performance characteristics.

  8. Axion constraints in nonstandard thermal histories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, Daniel; Smith, Tristan L.; Kamionkowski, Marc [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    It is usually assumed that dark matter is produced during the radiation-dominated era. There is, however, no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis. Two nonstandard thermal histories are considered. In one, the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins as late as {approx}1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Thermal axion relic abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are loosened. For reheating temperatures T{sub rh} < or approx. 35 MeV, the large-scale structure limit to the axion mass is lifted. The remaining constraint from the total density of matter is significantly relaxed. Constraints are also relaxed for higher reheating temperatures. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to cosmological axion constraints is obtained. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating from the helium abundance and next-generation large-scale-structure surveys are discussed.

  9. Constraints on the Formation and Evolution of Circumstellar Disks in Rotating Magnetized Cloud Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shantanu Basu

    1998-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We use magnetic collapse models to place some constraints on the formation and angular momentum evolution of circumstellar disks which are embedded in magnetized cloud cores. Previous models have shown that the early evolution of a magnetized cloud core is governed by ambipolar diffusion and magnetic braking, and that the core takes the form of a nonequilibrium flattened envelope which ultimately collapses dynamically to form a protostar. In this paper, we focus on the inner centrifugally-supported disk, which is formed only after a central protostar exists, and grows by dynamical accretion from the flattened envelope. We estimate a centrifugal radius for the collapse of mass shells within a rotating, magnetized cloud core. The centrifugal radius of the inner disk is related to its mass through the two important parameters characterizing the background medium: the background rotation rate $\\Omb$ and the background magnetic field strength $\\Bref$. We also revisit the issue of how rapidly mass is deposited onto the disk (the mass accretion rate) and use several recent models to comment upon the likely outcome in magnetized cores. Our model predicts that a significant centrifugal disk (much larger than a stellar radius) will be present in the very early (Class 0) stage of protostellar evolution. Additionally, we derive an upper limit for the disk radius as it evolves due to internal torques, under the assumption that the star-disk system conserves its mass and angular momentum even while most of the mass is transferred to a central star.

  10. Unparticle Effects on Unitarity Constraints from Higgs Boson Scattering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao-Gang He; Chung-Cheng Wen

    2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the effects of two-body Higgs boson scattering by exchanging unpsrticles. The unparticle contribution can change the standard model prediction for two-body Higgs boson scattering partial wave amplitude significantly leading to modification of the unitarity constraint on the standard model Higgs boson mass. For unparticle dimension $d_\\U$ between 1 and 2, the unitarity constraint on Higgs boson mass can be larger than that in the SM. Information on unparticle interaction can also be obtained.

  11. On-site profiling and speciation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at manufactured gas plant sites by a high temperature transfer line, membrane inlet probe coupled to a photoionization detector and gas chromatography/mass spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas Considine; Albert Robbat Jr. [Tufts University, Medford, MA (United States). Chemistry Department, Center for Field Analytical Studies and Technology

    2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new high temperature transfer line, membrane inlet probe (HTTL-MIP) coupled to a photoionization detector (PID) and gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) was used to rapidly profile and speciate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the subsurface. PID signals were in agreement with GC/MS results. Correlation coefficients of 0.92 and 0.99 were obtained for discrete and composite samples collected from the same exact location. Continuous probe advancement with PID detection found coal tar, a dense nonaqueous phase liquid, in soil channels and saturated media. When samples were collected conventionally, split, solvent extracted, and analyzed in the field and confirmation laboratory, GC/MS measurement precision and accuracy were indistinguishable; despite the fact the field laboratory produced data five times faster than the laboratory using standard EPA methods. No false positive/negatives were found. Based on these findings, increased confidence in site conceptual models should be obtained, since PID response indicated total PAH presence/absence in 'real-time', while GC/MS provided information as to which PAH was present and at what concentration. Incorporation of this tool into a dynamic workplan will provide more data at less cost enabling environmental scientists, engineers, and regulators to better understand coal tar migration and its impact on human health and the environment. 24 refs., 3 figs., 4 tabs.

  12. Spring 2014 Heat Transfer -2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Spring 2014 Heat Transfer - 2 A thin electronic chip is in the shape of a square wafer, b = 1 cm surface of the chip with a heat transfer coefficient of h = 100 W/m2 -K. Assume the chip has a uniform per side with a mass of m = 0.3 grams and specific heat of C = 103 J/kg-K. The chip is mounted

  13. ME 339 Heat Transfer ABET EC2000 syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    ME 339­ Heat Transfer Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 339 ­ Heat Transfer Spring 2010 Required convection; radiation; introduction to phase change heat transfer and to heat exchangers. Prerequisite(s): ME, Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 6th ed., Wiley Other Required Material: NA Course Objectives

  14. Representing Trees with Constraints 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Curry, Benjamin; Wiggins, Geraint; Hayes, Gillian

    This paper presents a method for representing trees using constraint logic programming over finite domains. We describe a class of trees that is of particular interest to us and how we can represent the set of trees belonging to that class using...

  15. Hydrodynamics, heat transfer and flow boiling instabilities in microchannels 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barber, Jacqueline Claire

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Boiling in microchannels is a very efficient mode of heat transfer with high heat and mass transfer coefficients achieved. Less pumping power is required for two-phase flows than for single-phase liquid flows to achieve ...

  16. Mass transfer in a wetted wall column

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platt, Allison M

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , "Dynamical Theory of Oases&, (London) 3rd Ed. (1921) 18. Kirkbride, Trans, Am, Inst. Chem, Engrs. +, 170 (1933-34) 19, Lonius, Ann. Physik. 2+, 664 (1909) 20. Nusselt, Ver, deut, Ing, 6g, 541-6, 569-79 (1916) 41 21, Maxwell, Phil. Mag. 35, 185 (1868) 22...' Reynolds~ Phil. Trans, Roy Soc. (1883) 27. Schoklitsch~ Akad, Miss. Wien~ Math. Naturw, Klasse. 129~ II A, 895 (1920) 28 ' Sherwood~ Fluid Mechanics, VS of Penn. (1941) 29, Schultse, Ann Physik. 6, 303 (1901) 30, Stanton, Phil. Trans, Roy Soc. A (1914...

  17. Mass Spectrometer: Proton Transfer Reaction (PTRMS) | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and has been successfully flown on a research aircraft to collect measurements of urban air pollution. The figure below illustrates its measurement capability. These data were...

  18. RECENT ADVANCES in HEAT and MASS TRANSFER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Bashir Suleiman ,UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Dagmar Janacova, CZECH REPUBLIC Jonas Gylys, LITHUANIA Jurij Krope Ali Elghalban, PAKISTAN Andrejs Reinfelds, LATVIA Andris Buikis, LATVIA Asad Salem, UNITED STATES, UNITED STATES Milivoje Kostic, UNITED STATES Mohammadmasoud Azhdari moghaddam, IRAN Nenad Kazic

  19. Mass Transfer of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Catherine A.

    and/or carcinogenicity (1). The dissolution of individual PAHs from such DNAPLs into raw water sources). Many PAHs are only sparingly soluble, and large volumes of water can therefore be contaminated by small . * , Environmental and Water Resources Engineering, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, The University

  20. Application of Electron Transfer Dissociation Mass Spectrometry...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    glycation of peptides and proteins by D-glucose has important implications in diabetes mellitus research, particularly in the context of development of diabetic...

  1. Cosmological Constraints from Galaxy Cluster Velocity Statistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suman Bhattacharya; Arthur Kosowsky

    2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Future microwave sky surveys will have the sensitivity to detect the kinematic Sunyaev-Zeldovich signal from moving galaxy clusters, thus providing a direct measurement of their line-of-sight peculiar velocity. We show that cluster peculiar velocity statistics applied to foreseeable surveys will put significant constraints on fundamental cosmological parameters. We consider three statistical quantities that can be constructed from a cluster peculiar velocity catalog: the probability density function, the mean pairwise streaming velocity, and the pairwise velocity dispersion. These quantities are applied to an envisioned data set which measures line-of-sight cluster velocities with normal errors of 100 km/s for all clusters with masses larger than $10^{14}$ solar masses over a sky area of up to 5000 square degrees. A simple Fisher matrix analysis of this survey shows that the normalization of the matter power spectrum and the dark energy equation of state can be constrained to better than 10 percent, and the Hubble constant and the primordial power spectrum index can be constrained to a few percent, independent of any other cosmological observations. We also find that the current constraint on the power spectrum normalization can be improved by more than a factor of two using data from a 400 square degree survey and WMAP third-year priors. We also show how the constraints on cosmological parameters changes if cluster velocities are measured with normal errors of 300 km/s.

  2. MassMass transfer andtransfer and separation technologyseparation technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    arationste rch/membrane. 24302 ochSepa _group/resear 4 erföringo du/che/henson_ Massöve w-permeable b i i i h arationste barrier is either ­ A thin, non-porous polymer film, or A l 24302 ochSepa ­ A porous polymer, ceramic or metal, or ­ A liquid or gas N l l b 4 erföringo Natural polymers may be wood

  3. Cosmological Constraints from the SDSS maxBCG Cluster Catalog

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rozo, Eduardo; /CCAPP; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Rykoff, Eli S.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Annis, James T.; /Fermilab; Becker, Matthew R.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Evrard, August E.; /Michigan U. /Michigan U., MCTP; Frieman, Joshua A.; /Fermilab /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U.; Hansen, Sarah M.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Hao, Jia; /Michigan U.; Johnston, David E.; /Northwestern U.; Koester, Benjamin P.; /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U.; McKay, Timothy A.; /Michigan U. /Michigan U., MCTP; Sheldon, Erin S.; /Brookhaven; Weinberg, David H.; /CCAPP /Ohio State U.

    2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the abundance and weak lensing mass measurements of the SDSS maxBCG cluster catalog to simultaneously constrain cosmology and the richness-mass relation of the clusters. Assuming a flat {Lambda}CDM cosmology, we find {sigma}{sub 8}({Omega}{sub m}/0.25){sup 0.41} = 0.832 {+-} 0.033 after marginalization over all systematics. In common with previous studies, our error budget is dominated by systematic uncertainties, the primary two being the absolute mass scale of the weak lensing masses of the maxBCG clusters, and uncertainty in the scatter of the richness-mass relation. Our constraints are fully consistent with the WMAP five-year data, and in a joint analysis we find {sigma}{sub 8} = 0.807 {+-} 0.020 and {Omega}{sub m} = 0.265 {+-} 0.016, an improvement of nearly a factor of two relative to WMAP5 alone. Our results are also in excellent agreement with and comparable in precision to the latest cosmological constraints from X-ray cluster abundances. The remarkable consistency among these results demonstrates that cluster abundance constraints are not only tight but also robust, and highlight the power of optically-selected cluster samples to produce precision constraints on cosmological parameters.

  4. Analytically expressed constraint on two Majorana phases in neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maedan, Shinji

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We assume that neutrinoless double beta decay is caused by the exchange of three light Majorana neutrinos. Under this assumption, we obtain, by the method of perturbation, the equation representing the isocontour of effective Majorana mass which is the function of two CP-violating Majorana phases. The equation representing the isocontour (constraint equation between two Majorana phases) is expressed analytically by six parameters: two lepton mixing angles, two kinds of neutrino mass squared differences, lightest neutrino mass scale, and the effective Majorana mass. We discuss how the constraint equation between two Majorana phases changes when the lightest neutrino mass scale is varied.

  5. Neutrino oscillation constraints on neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; C. W. Kim; M. Monteno

    1997-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the constraints imposed by the results of neutrino oscillation experiments on the effective Majorana mass || that characterizes the contribution of Majorana neutrino masses to the matrix element of neutrinoless double-beta decay. We have shown that in a general scheme with three Majorana neutrinos and a hierarchy of neutrino masses (which can be explained by the see-saw mechanism), the results of neutrino oscillation experiments imply rather strong constraints on the parameter ||. From the results of the first reactor long-baseline experiment CHOOZ and the Bugey experiment it follows that || | > 10^{-1} eV would be a signal for a non-hierarchical neutrino mass spectrum and/or non-standard mechanisms of lepton number violation.

  6. Supertree Construction with Constraint Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gent, I.P.; Prosser, P.

    Gent,I.P. Prosser,P. Smith,B.M. Wei,W. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming pp 837-841 Springer

  7. Supernova constraints on a superlight gravitino

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dicus, D.A. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics; Mohapatra, R.N. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Physics; Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In supergravity models with low supersymmetry breaking scale the gravitinos can be superlight, with mass in the 10{sup -6} eV to few keV range. In such a case, gravitino emission provides a new cooling mechanism for protoneutron stars and therefore can provide constraints on the mass of a superlight gravitino. This happens because the coupling to matter of superlight gravitinos is dominated by its goldstino component, whose coupling to matter of superlight gravitinos is dominated by its goldstino component, whose coupling to matter is inversely proportional to the scale of supersymmetry breaking and increases as the gravitino mass decreases. Present observations therefore provide lower limits on the gravitino mass. Using the recently revised goldstino couplings, we find that the two dominant processes in supernova cooling are e{sup +} e{sup -} {yields} GG and {gamma}+e{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} GG. They lead to a lower limit on the supersymmetry breaking scale {Lambda}{sub s} from 160 to 500 GeV for core temperatures 30 to 60 MeV and electron chemical potentials 200 to 300 MeV. The corresponding lower limits on the gravitino mass are .6 - 6 x 10{sup -6} eV.

  8. Improving Collision Induced Dissociation (CID), High Energy Collision Dissociation (HCD), and Electron Transfer Dissociation (ETD) Fourier Transform MS/MS Degradome-Peptidome Identifications Using High Accuracy Mass Information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shen, Yufeng; Tolic, Nikola; Purvine, Samuel O.; Smith, Richard D.

    2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Identification of peptides through analysis of peptide ion fragmentation mass spectra is key to proteomic/peptidomic studies. Advanced mass spectrometry has enabled measurement of peptide fragments with {approx}ppm mass error levels; however, mass accuracy has not been widely utilized in broad aspects of peptide identification. In this work we describe how peptide high-precision fragments measured with Fourier transform mass spectrometry can provide a powerful discriminative capability to distinguish true peptide 'hits' from possible incorrect peptides. For identification of peptides having multiple termini and carrying multiple charges, we show that the simple utilization of high-precision mass fragments information results in improved peptide analysis coverage and consistency, with coverage of >95% peptides identified totally from different spectral scoring and peptide statistic probability methods developed for moderate accuracy mass spectral peptide identification.

  9. Kaon semileptonic vector form factor with $N_f=2+1+1$ Twisted Mass fermions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuria Carrasco; Paolo Lami; Vittorio Lubicz; Eleonora Picca; Lorenzo Riggio; Silvano Simula; Cecilia Tarantino

    2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the vector form factor relevant for the $K_{\\ell 3}$ semileptonic decay using maximally twisted-mass fermions with 4 dynamical flavours ($N_f=2+1+1$). Our simulations feature pion masses ranging from $210$ MeV to approximately $450$ MeV and lattice spacing values as small as $0.06$fm. Our main result for the vector form factor at zero 4-momentum transfer is $f_+(0)=0.9683(65)$ where the uncertainty is both statistical and systematic. By combining our result with the experimental value of $f_+(0)|V_{us}|$ we obtain $|V_{us}|=0.2234(16)$, which satisfies the unitarity constraint of the Standard Model at the permille level.

  10. Primordial Nucleosynthesis Constraints on Z' Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vernon Barger; Paul Langacker; Hye-Sung Lee

    2003-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In models involving new TeV-scale Z' gauge bosons, the new U(1)' symmetry often prevents the generation of Majorana masses needed for a conventional neutrino seesaw, leading to three superweakly interacting ``right-handed'' neutrinos nu_R, the Dirac partners of the ordinary neutrinos. These can be produced prior to big bang nucleosynthesis by the Z' interactions, leading to a faster expansion rate and too much ^4He. We quantify the constraints on the Z' properties from nucleosynthesis for Z' couplings motivated by a class of E_6 models parametrized by an angle theta_E6. The rate for the annihilation of three approximately massless right-handed neutrinos into other particle pairs through the Z' channel is calculated. The decoupling temperature, which is higher than that of ordinary left-handed neutrinos due to the large Z' mass, is evaluated, and the equivalent number of new doublet neutrinos Delta N_nu is obtained numerically as a function of the Z' mass and couplings for a variety of assumptions concerning the Z-Z' mixing angle and the quark-hadron transition temperature T_c. Except near the values of theta_E6 for which the Z' decouples from the right-handed neutrinos, the Z' mass and mixing constraints from nucleosynthesis are much more stringent than the existing laboratory limits from searches for direct production or from precision electroweak data, and are comparable to the ranges that may ultimately be probed at proposed colliders. For the case T_c = 150 MeV with the theoretically favored range of Z-Z' mixings, Delta N_nu 4.3 TeV for any value of theta_E6. Larger mixing or larger T_c often lead to unacceptably large Delta N_nu except near the nu_R decoupling limit.

  11. Integer Constraints to Stop Deforestation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seidl, Helmut

    Integer Constraints to Stop Deforestation Helmut Seidl FB IV -- Informatik University Trier D--54286 Trier seidl@ti.uni­trier.de Abstract. Deforestation is a transformation of functional programs it with additional constraint systems. We examplify our idea with a problem related to deforestation. In 1988, Phil

  12. A Theoretical Framework for Constraint Hierarchy Solvers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartak, Roman

    describe a scale of constraint hierarchy solvers from the refining method to the local propagation methods methods. Formally, a constraint hierarchy is a set of labelled constraints. The hierarchy can. A solution to the constraint hierarchy is a valuation of variables in the constraints

  13. Small entries of neutrino mass matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Kh. Akhmedov

    1999-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider phenomenologically allowed structures of the neutrino mass matrix in the case of three light neutrino species. Constraints from the solar, atmospheric and reactor neutrino experiments as well as those from the neutrinoless double beta decay are taken into account. Both hierarchical and quasi-degenerate neutrino mass cases are studied. Assuming maximal $\

  14. Heat transfer 1990. Proceedings of the ninth international heat transfer conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hetsroni, G.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains the proceedings of the Ninth International Heat Transfer Conference. Included in Volume 6 are the following chapters: Local void fraction measurements in finned tube bundles, Unsteady heat and mass transfer in low two-phase flows and The effect of physical properties on drop size in annular flow.

  15. Mass independent textures and symmetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lam, C. S. [Department of Physics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada H3A 2T8 and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z1 (Canada)

    2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A mass-independent texture is a set of linear relations of the fermion mass-matrix elements which imposes no constraint on the fermionic masses nor the Majorana phases. Magic and 2-3 symmetries are examples. We discuss the general construction and the properties of these textures, as well as their relation to the quark and neutrino mixing matrices. Such a texture may be regarded as a symmetry, whose unitary generators of the symmetry group can be explicitly constructed. In particular, the symmetries connected with the tribimaximal neutrino mixing matrix are discussed, together with the physical consequence of breaking one symmetry but preserving another.

  16. Constraint Application with Higher-Order Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    the following components, which are essential for solving musical constraint satisfaction problems (CSP constraints to variables in the music representation. A CSP usually presents a combinatorial problem

  17. Technology transfer handbook for Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. , employees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jared, D.W. (ed.)

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., (Energy Systems) established the Office of Technology Applications (OTA) to promote the transfer of technology from the national facilities in Oak Ridge to industries in the private sector. This handbook provides specific information about OTA and establishes a coherent procedure for licensing technologies. This handbook also explains the benefits and constraints involved with technology transfer and identifies the resources available to entrepreneurs and researchers who are interested in collaborative R D.

  18. The acquisition of inductive constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Charles, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human learners routinely make inductive inferences, or inferences that go beyond the data they have observed. Inferences like these must be supported by constraints, some of which are innate, although others are almost ...

  19. Transferring Data at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Data Transferring Data Advice and Overview NERSC provides many facilities for storing data and performing analysis. However, transfering data - whether over the wide area network...

  20. HEAT TRANSFER ON A HYPERSONIC SPHERE WITH DIFFUSE RAREFIED-GAS INJECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riabov, Vladimir V.

    HEAT TRANSFER ON A HYPERSONIC SPHERE WITH DIFFUSE RAREFIED-GAS INJECTION Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier numbers Re0,R.3-7 Mass injection can be considered as an effective way of the reduction of heat transfer in the case of small Reynolds numbers. Moss12 found that mass injection dramatically reduces heat transfer

  1. hf. J. Hear Mass Transfer. Vol. 30, No. 9, pp. 1949-1961, 1987 0017-9310/87 %3.00+0.00 Printed in Great Britain (c) 1987 Pergamon Journals Ltd.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aggarwal, Suresh K.

    . For the multicomponent case, however, the transient thermal and specially the liquid mass transport may be the rate from those of the single-component fuel due to droplet dynamics. Certain regions of the combustor may

  2. IR Kuiper Belt Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teplitz, V L; Anderson, J D; Rosenbaum, D C; Scalise, R J; Wentzler, P; Teplitz, Vigdor L.; Anderson, John D.; Rosenbaum, Doris; Scalise, Randall J.; Wentzler, Paul

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the temperature and IR signal of particles of radius $a$ and albedo $\\alpha$ at heliocentric distance $R$, taking into account the emissivity effect, and give an interpolating formula for the result. We compare with analyses of COBE DIRBE data by others (including recent detection of the cosmic IR background) for various values of heliocentric distance, $R$, particle radius, $a$, and particle albedo, $\\alpha$. We then apply these results to a recently-developed picture of the Kuiper belt as a two-sector disk with a nearby, low-density sector (40masses in the near and far sectors as a function of time since such a passage. Finally we compare Kuiper belt IR spectra for various parameter v...

  3. Using Space-Time Constraints to Guide Model Interoperability Paul F. Reynolds Jr.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brogan, David

    to motion retargeting ­ accurately transferring human motions to animated characters. A typical goalUsing Space-Time Constraints to Guide Model Interoperability Paul F. Reynolds Jr. Dept of Computer-924-1039 (V) , 434-982-2214 (F) reynolds@virginia.edu Keywords: Interoperability, Multi-Resolution Modeling

  4. Constraint-Based Inference: A Bridge between Constraint Processing and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackworth, Alan K.

    in representation and essentially identical inference approaches. In the constraint processing community, Semiring CSP [2] and Valued CSP [3] are two of the most widely studied generalized frameworks that abstract-Based Generalized Framework for CBI Problems There are two essential operators in real world CBI problems: (1

  5. Constraints on axion-nucleon coupling constants from measuring the Casimir force between corrugated surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. B. Bezerra; G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko; C. Romero

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain stronger laboratory constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons from measurements of the normal and lateral Casimir forces between sinusoidally corrugated surfaces of a sphere and a plate. For this purpose, the normal and lateral additional force arising in the experimental configurations due to two-axion exchange between protons and neutrons are calculated. Our constraints following from measurements of the normal and lateral Casimir forces are stronger than the laboratory constraints reported so far for masses of axion-like particles larger than 11eV and 8eV, respectively. A comparison between various laboratory constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons obtained from the magnetometer measurements, Eotvos- and Cavendish-type experiments, and from the Casimir effect is performed over the wide range of masses of axion-like particles from 10^{-10}eV to 20eV.

  6. Quark Masses: An Environmental Impact Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert L. Jaffe; Alejandro Jenkins; Itamar Kimchi

    2009-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate worlds that lie on a slice through the parameter space of the Standard Model over which quark masses vary. We allow as many as three quarks to participate in nuclei, while fixing the mass of the electron and the average mass of the lightest baryon flavor multiplet. We classify as "congenial" worlds that satisfy the environmental constraint that the quark masses allow for stable nuclei with charges one, six, and eight, making organic chemistry possible. Whether a congenial world actually produces observers depends on a multitude of historical contingencies, beginning with primordial nucleosynthesis, which we do not explore. Such constraints may be independently superimposed on our results. Environmental constraints such as the ones we study may be combined with information about the a priori distribution of quark masses over the landscape of possible universes to determine whether the measured values of the quark masses are determined environmentally, but our analysis is independent of such an anthropic approach. We estimate baryon masses as functions of quark masses and nuclear masses as functions of baryon masses. We check for the stability of nuclei against fission, strong particle emission, and weak nucleon emission. For two light quarks with charges 2/3 and -1/3, we find a band of congeniality roughly 29 MeV wide in their mass difference. We also find another, less robust region of congeniality with one light, charge -1/3 quark, and two heavier, approximately degenerate charge -1/3 and 2/3 quarks. No other assignment of light quark charges yields congenial worlds with two baryons participating in nuclei. We identify and discuss the region in quark-mass space where nuclei would be made from three or more baryon species.

  7. Effect of the Surface Morphology on the Energy Transfer in Ion...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    transfer in collisions of large ions with surfaces. Experiments were performed in a Fourier Transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT-ICR MS) specially configured...

  8. HEAT TRANSFER FLUIDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lenert, Andrej

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The choice of heat transfer fluids has significant effects on the performance, cost, and reliability of solar thermal systems. In this chapter, we evaluate existing heat transfer fluids such as oils and molten salts based ...

  9. The neutron star mass distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiziltan, Bülent [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Kottas, Athanasios; De Yoreo, Maria [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Thorsett, Stephen E., E-mail: bkiziltan@cfa.harvard.edu [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California and UCO/Lick Observatory, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the number of pulsars with secure mass measurements has increased to a level that allows us to probe the underlying neutron star (NS) mass distribution in detail. We critically review the radio pulsar mass measurements. For the first time, we are able to analyze a sizable population of NSs with a flexible modeling approach that can effectively accommodate a skewed underlying distribution and asymmetric measurement errors. We find that NSs that have evolved through different evolutionary paths reflect distinctive signatures through dissimilar distribution peak and mass cutoff values. NSs in double NS and NS-white dwarf (WD) systems show consistent respective peaks at 1.33 M {sub ?} and 1.55 M {sub ?}, suggesting significant mass accretion (?m ? 0.22 M {sub ?}) has occurred during the spin-up phase. The width of the mass distribution implied by double NS systems is indicative of a tight initial mass function while the inferred mass range is significantly wider for NSs that have gone through recycling. We find a mass cutoff at ?2.1 M {sub ?} for NSs with WD companions, which establishes a firm lower bound for the maximum NS mass. This rules out the majority of strange quark and soft equation of state models as viable configurations for NS matter. The lack of truncation close to the maximum mass cutoff along with the skewed nature of the inferred mass distribution both enforce the suggestion that the 2.1 M {sub ?} limit is set by evolutionary constraints rather than nuclear physics or general relativity, and the existence of rare supermassive NSs is possible.

  10. Heat and mass exchanger

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lowenstein, Andrew (Princeton, NJ); Sibilia, Marc J. (Princeton, NJ); Miller, Jeffrey A. (Hopewell, NJ); Tonon, Thomas (Princeton, NJ)

    2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A mass and heat exchanger includes at least one first substrate with a surface for supporting a continuous flow of a liquid thereon that either absorbs, desorbs, evaporates or condenses one or more gaseous species from or to a surrounding gas; and at least one second substrate operatively associated with the first substrate. The second substrate includes a surface for supporting the continuous flow of the liquid thereon and is adapted to carry a heat exchange fluid therethrough, wherein heat transfer occurs between the liquid and the heat exchange fluid.

  11. Heat and mass exchanger

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lowenstein, Andrew (Princeton, NJ); Sibilia, Marc J. (Princeton, NJ); Miller, Jeffrey A. (Hopewell, NJ); Tonon, Thomas (Princeton, NJ)

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A mass and heat exchanger includes at least one first substrate with a surface for supporting a continuous flow of a liquid thereon that either absorbs, desorbs, evaporates or condenses one or more gaseous species from or to a surrounding gas; and at least one second substrate operatively associated with the first substrate. The second substrate includes a surface for supporting the continuous flow of the liquid thereon and is adapted to carry a heat exchange fluid therethrough, wherein heat transfer occurs between the liquid and the heat exchange fluid.

  12. Constraint Satisfaction Via Partially Parallel Propagation Steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Hower Institut; Walter Hower

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to variables according to existing constraints. Given n variables with n-tuples which represents the globally consistent solution. This article presents a parallel approach to global constraint satisfaction. 0

  13. Parallelism Constraints Katrin Erk Joachim Niehren

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Parallelism Constraints Katrin Erk Joachim Niehren Programming Systems Lab, Universit¨at des Saarlandes, Saarbr¨ucken, Germany www.ps.uni-sb.de/~{erk,niehren} Abstract. Parallelism constraints

  14. Dynamical consequences of a constraint on the Langevin thermostat in molecular cluster simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stinson, Jake L.; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Ford, Ian J.

    2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate some unusual behaviour observed while performing molecular dynamics simulations with the DL_POLY_4.03 code. Under the standard Langevin thermostat, atoms appear to be thermalised to different temperatures, depending on their mass and on the total number of particles in the system. We find that an imposed constraint whereby no thermal noise acts on the centre of mass of the system is the cause of the unexpected behaviour. This is demonstrated by solving the stochastic dynamics for the constrained thermostat and comparing the results with simulation data. The effect of the constraint can be considerable for small systems with disparate masses. By removing the constraint the Langevin thermostat may be restored to its intended behaviour and this has been implemented as an option in DL_POLY_4.05. SMK was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences.

  15. Constraints on the density perturbation spectrum from primordial black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anne M Green; Andrew R Liddle

    1997-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We re-examine the constraints on the density perturbation spectrum, including its spectral index $n$, from the production of primordial black holes. The standard cosmology, where the Universe is radiation dominated from the end of inflation up until the recent past, was studied by Carr, Gilbert and Lidsey; we correct two errors in their derivation and find a significantly stronger constraint than they did, $n \\lesssim 1.25$ rather than their 1.5. We then consider an alternative cosmology in which a second period of inflation, known as thermal inflation and designed to solve additional relic over-density problems, occurs at a lower energy scale than the main inflationary period. In that case, the constraint weakens to $n \\lesssim 1.3$, and thermal inflation also leads to a `missing mass' range, $10^{18} g \\lesssim M \\lesssim 10^{26} g$, in which primordial black holes cannot form. Finally, we discuss the effect of allowing for the expected non-gaussianity in the density perturbations predicted by Bullock and Primack, which can weaken the constraints further by up to 0.05.

  16. CMB Constraints On The Thermal WIMP Annihilation Cross Section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steigman, Gary

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermal relic, often referred to as a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP),is a particle produced during the early evolution of the Universe whose relic abundance (e.g., at present) depends only on its mass and its thermally averaged annihilation cross section (annihilation rate factor) sigma*v_ann. Late time WIMP annihilation has the potential to affect the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum. Current observational constraints on the absence of such effects provide bounds on the mass and the annihilation cross section of relic particles that may, but need not be dark matter candidates. For a WIMP that is a dark matter candidate, the CMB constraint sets an upper bound to the annihilation cross section, leading to a lower bound to their mass that depends on whether or not the WIMP is its own antiparticle. For a self-conjugate WIMP, m_min = 50f GeV, where f is an electromagnetic energy efficiency factor. For a non self-conjugate WIMP, the minimum mass is a factor of two larger. For a WIMP t...

  17. ACLP: Integrating Abduction and Constraint Solving \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kakas, Antonis C.

    ACLP: Integrating Abduction and Constraint Solving \\Lambda Antonis Kakas 75 Kallipoleos St. CY­1678, Nicosia, Cyprus. Email: antonis@cs.ucy.ac.cy Abstract ACLP is a system which combines abductive reasoning and constraint solving by integrating the frameworks of Abductive Logic Programming (ALP) and Constraint Logic

  18. Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk Alexander Koller Joachim Niehren Programming partially. In this paper, we introduce beta reduction constraints to describe beta reduction steps between partially known lambda terms. We show that beta reduction constraints can be expressed in an extension

  19. Phase Space Constraints on Neutrino Luminosities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun; Samartha C A

    2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    While the importance of phase space constraints for gravitational clustering of neutrinos (which are fermions) is well recognized, the explicit use of such constraints to limit neutrino emission from ultra energetic sources has not been stressed. Special and general relativistic phase space constraints are shown to limit neutrino luminosities in compact sources in various situations.

  20. Constraint Satisfaction Problems A Quick Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewka, Gerhard

    solvable in polynomial time by linear programming #12;8 Varieties of constraints Unary constraints involve Ci limits the values that variables can take, e.g., V1 V2 A state is an assignment of values to some or all variables. Consistent assignment: assignment does not violate the constraints. #12

  1. Cosmological constraints from the correlation function of galaxy clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Robinson

    2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    I compare various semi-analytic models for the bias of dark matter halos with halo clustering properties observed in recent numerical simulations. The best fitting model is one based on the collapse of ellipsoidal perturbations proposed by Sheth, Mo & Tormen (1999), which fits the halo correlation length to better than 8 per cent accuracy. Using this model, I confirm that the correlation length of clusters of a given separation depends primarily on the shape and amplitude of mass fluctuations in the universe, and is almost independent of other cosmological parameters. Current observational uncertainties make it difficult to draw robust conclusions, but for illustrative purposes I discuss the constraints on the mass power spectrum which are implied by recent analyses of the APM cluster sample. I also discuss the prospects for improving these constraints using future surveys such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Finally, I show how these constraints can be combined with observations of the cluster number abundance to place strong limits on the matter density of the universe.

  2. Gas sampling system for a mass spectrometer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates generally to a gas sampling system, and specifically to a gas sampling system for transporting a hazardous process gas to a remotely located mass spectrometer. The gas sampling system includes a capillary tube having a predetermined capillary length and capillary diameter in communication with the supply of process gas and the mass spectrometer, a flexible tube surrounding and coaxial with the capillary tube intermediate the supply of process gas and the mass spectrometer, a heat transfer tube surrounding and coaxial with the capillary tube, and a heating device in communication the heat transfer tube for substantially preventing condensation of the process gas within the capillary tube.

  3. WMAPping out Neutrino Masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aaron Pierce; Hitoshi Murayama

    2003-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent data from from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) place important bounds on the neutrino sector. The precise determination of the baryon number in the universe puts a strong constraint on the number of relativistic species during Big-Bang Nucleosynthesis. WMAP data, when combined with the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS), also directly constrain the absolute mass scale of neutrinos. These results impinge upon a neutrino oscillation interpretation of the result from the Liquid Scintillator Neutrino Detector (LSND). We also note that the Heidelberg--Moscow evidence for neutrinoless double beta decay is only consistent with the WMAP+2dFGRS data for the largest values of the nuclear matrix element.

  4. Constraints on Neutrino Velocities Revisited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yunjie Huo; Tianjun Li; Yi Liao; Dimitri V. Nanopoulos; Yonghui Qi

    2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    With a minimally modified dispersion relation for neutrinos, we reconsider the constraints on superluminal neutrino velocities from bremsstrahlung effects in the laboratory frame. Employing both the direct calculation approach and the virtual Z-boson approach, we obtain the generic decay width and energy loss rate of a superluminal neutrino with general energy. The Cohen-Glashow's analytical results for neutrinos with a relatively low energy are confirmed in both approaches. We employ the survival probability instead of the terminal energy to assess whether a neutrino with a given energy is observable or not in the OPERA experiment. Moreover, using our general results we perform systematical analyses on the constraints arising from the Super-Kamiokande and IceCube experiments.

  5. Automated mass spectrometer grows up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McInteer, B.B.; Montoya, J.G.; Stark, E.E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1980 we reported the development of an automated mass spectrometer for large scale batches of samples enriched in nitrogen-15 as ammonium salts. Since that time significant technical progress has been made in the instrument. Perhaps more significantly, administrative and institutional changes have permitted the entire effort to be transferred to the private sector from its original base at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. This has ensured the continuance of a needed service to the international scientific community as revealed by a development project at a national laboratory, and is an excellent example of beneficial technology transfer to private industry.

  6. Constraints on AGN accretion disc viscosity derived from continuum variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhaana L. C. Starling; Aneta Siemiginowska; Phil Uttley; Roberto Soria

    2003-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We estimate a value of the viscosity parameter in AGN accretion discs for the PG quasar sample. We assume that optical variability on time-scales of months to years is caused by local instabilities in the inner accretion disc. Comparing the observed variability time-scales to the thermal time-scales of alpha-disc models we obtain constraints on the viscosity parameter for the sample. We find that, at a given L/L_Edd, the entire sample is consistent with a single value of the viscosity parameter, alpha. We obtain constraints of 0.01 < alpha < 0.03 for 0.01 < L/L_Edd < 1.0. This narrow range suggests that these AGN are all seen in a single state, with a correspondingly narrow spread of black hole masses or accretion rates. The value of alpha we derive is consistent with predictions by current simulation s in which MHD turbulence is the primary viscosity mechanism.

  7. Solar System Constraints on Gauss-Bonnet Mediated Dark Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luca Amendola; Christos Charmousis; Stephen C. Davis

    2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the Gauss-Bonnet term is a topological invariant for general relativity, it couples naturally to a quintessence scalar field, modifying gravity at solar system scales. We determine the solar system constraints due to this term by evaluating the post-Newtonian metric for a distributional source. We find a mass dependent, 1/r^7 correction to the Newtonian potential, and also deviations from the Einstein gravity prediction for light-bending. We constrain the parameters of the theory using planetary orbits, the Cassini spacecraft data, and a laboratory test of Newton's law, always finding extremely tight bounds on the energy associated to the Gauss-Bonnet term. We discuss the relevance of these constraints to late-time cosmological acceleration.

  8. Quantum Spin Dynamics VIII. The Master Constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Thiemann

    2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently the Master Constraint Programme (MCP) for Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) was launched which replaces the infinite number of Hamiltonian constraints by a single Master constraint. The MCP is designed to overcome the complications associated with the non -- Lie -- algebra structure of the Dirac algebra of Hamiltonian constraints and was successfully tested in various field theory models. For the case of 3+1 gravity itself, so far only a positive quadratic form for the Master Constraint Operator was derived. In this paper we close this gap and prove that the quadratic form is closable and thus stems from a unique self -- adjoint Master Constraint Operator. The proof rests on a simple feature of the general pattern according to which Hamiltonian constraints in LQG are constructed and thus extends to arbitrary matter coupling and holds for any metric signature. With this result the existence of a physical Hilbert space for LQG is established by standard spectral analysis.

  9. CONSTRAINTS ON ACCRETION DISK LIFETIMES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hillenbrand, Lynne

    of stellar mass. #12; METHODOLOGY Constraining disk lifetimes means measuring infrared excesses and stellar ages and masses for large samples of young stellar objects. #12; Infrared excesses: #15; A combination of stellar irradiative and viscous heating in circumstellar disks produces ux excesses at micro

  10. Proving termination by policy iteration Damien Masse1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    NSAD 2012 Proving termination by policy iteration Damien Mass´e1 Lab-Sticc, UMR 6285 UBO conditions for program termination. Restricting ourselves to affine programs and the abstract domain. Keywords: Abstract interpretation, policy iteration, template constraint matrices, termination analysis. 1

  11. Fuel transfer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Townsend, H.E.; Barbanti, G.

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nuclear fuel bundle fuel transfer system includes a transfer pool containing water at a level above a reactor core. A fuel transfer machine therein includes a carriage disposed in the transfer pool and under the water for transporting fuel bundles. The carriage is selectively movable through the water in the transfer pool and individual fuel bundles are carried vertically in the carriage. In a preferred embodiment, a first movable bridge is disposed over an upper pool containing the reactor core, and a second movable bridge is disposed over a fuel storage pool, with the transfer pool being disposed therebetween. A fuel bundle may be moved by the first bridge from the reactor core and loaded into the carriage which transports the fuel bundle to the second bridge which picks up the fuel bundle and carries it to the fuel storage pool. 6 figures.

  12. Weight and volume changing device with liquid metal transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niiyama, Ryuma

    This paper presents a weight-changing device based on the transfer of mass. We chose liquid metal (Ga-In-Tin eutectic) and a bi-directional pump to control the mass that is injected into or removed from a target object. ...

  13. Nanoscale Heat Transfer at Contact Between a Hot Tip and a Substrate Stphane Lefvre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Nanoscale Heat Transfer at Contact Between a Hot Tip and a Substrate Stéphane Lefèvre Laboratoire d three heat transfer modes with experimental data and modeling. We conclude that the three modes in "International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 49, 1-2 (2006) 251-258" DOI : 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2005

  14. MATERIALS TRANSFER AGREEMENT

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MTAXX-XXX 1 MATERIAL TRANSFER AGREEMENT for Manufacturing Demonstration Facility and Carbon Fiber Technology Facility In order for the RECIPIENT to obtain materials, the RECIPIENT...

  15. Tunable transfer | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    July 29, 2013 Scientists gain first quantitative insights into electron transfer from minerals to microbes Scientists have gained the first quantitative insights into electron...

  16. Technology Transfer Reports

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) Oil & Gas Technology Transfer Initiatives USEFUL LINKS Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM) Federal Laboratory...

  17. Bus transfer analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weronick, R.; Hassan, I.D. [Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, Lyndhurst, NJ (United States)

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses bus transfer schemes and the methodology used in modeling and analysis. Due to the unavailability of generic acceptance criteria, simulations were performed to analyze the actual fast bus transfer operations at four operating nuclear power generating stations. Sample simulation results illustrating the transient variations in motors currents and torques are included. The analyses were performed to ensure that motors and other rotating parts are not subjected to excessive or accumulated stresses caused by bus transfer operations. A summary of the experience gained in the process of performing this work and suggested bus transfer acceptance criteria are also presented.

  18. Facility Survey & Transfer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    As DOE facilities become excess, many that are radioactively and/or chemically contaminated will become candidate for transfer to DOE-EM for deactivation and decommissioning.

  19. Constraints on axion and corrections to Newtonian gravity from the Casimir effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Axion is a light pseudoscalar particle of much interest for physics of elementary particles and for astrophysics. We review the recently obtained constraints on axion to nucleon coupling constants following from different experiments on measuring the Casimir interaction. These constraints are compared with those following from other laboratory experiments within the wide range of masses of axion-like particles from 10^{-10} to 20 eV. We also collect the most strong constraints on the Yukawa-type and power-type corrections to the Newton law of gravitation which follow from measurements of the Casimir interaction, Eotvos- and Cavendish-type experiments. The possibility to obtain stronger constraints on an axion from the Casimir effect is proposed.

  20. Constraints on axion and corrections to Newtonian gravity from the Casimir effect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klimchitskaya, G L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Axion is a light pseudoscalar particle of much interest for physics of elementary particles and for astrophysics. We review the recently obtained constraints on axion to nucleon coupling constants following from different experiments on measuring the Casimir interaction. These constraints are compared with those following from other laboratory experiments within the wide range of masses of axion-like particles from 10^{-10} to 20 eV. We also collect the most strong constraints on the Yukawa-type and power-type corrections to the Newton law of gravitation which follow from measurements of the Casimir interaction, Eotvos- and Cavendish-type experiments. The possibility to obtain stronger constraints on an axion from the Casimir effect is proposed.

  1. Constraints on planet X/Nemesis from Solar System's inner dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzo Iorio

    2009-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We put full 3D constraints on a putative planet X by using the dynamics of the inner planets of the solar system. In particular, we compute the mimium distance of X as a function of its heliocentric latitude and longitude for different values of its mass.

  2. Constraints of Dark Energy at High Redshift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiping Su; Rong-Gen Cai

    2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Constrains of dark energy (DE) at high redshift from current and mock future observational data are obtained. It is found that present data give poor constraints of DE even beyond redshift z=0.4, and mock future 2298 type Ia supernove data only give a little improvement of the constraints. We analyze in detail why constraints of DE decrease rapidly with the increasing of redshift. Then we try to improve the constraints of DE at high redshift. It is shown that the most efficient way is to improve the error of observations.

  3. Performance, Market and Manufacturing Constraints relevant to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Constraints relevant to the Industrialization of Thermoelectric Devices Market pricing of thermoelectric raw materials and processing, cost of manufacture of devices and...

  4. The Complexity of Equality Constraint Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodirsky, Manuel

    . Then it is easy to see that S does not have a solution if and only if it contains an inequality-constraint x = y

  5. The Complexity of Equality Constraint Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodirsky, Manuel

    a solution if and only if it contains an inequality-constraint x = y such that y is reachable from x

  6. Accurate Gravities of F, G, and K stars from High Resolution Spectra Without External Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brewer, John M; Basu, Sarbani; Valenti, Jeff A; Piskunov, Nikolai

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a new procedure to derive accurate and precise surface gravities from high resolution spectra without the use of external constraints. Our analysis utilizes Spectroscopy Made Easy (SME) with robust spectral line constraints and uses an iterative process to mitigate degeneracies in the fitting process. We adopt an updated radiative transfer code, a new treatment for neutral perturber broadening, a line list with multiple gravity constraints and separate fitting for global stellar properties and abundance determinations. To investigate the sources of temperature dependent trends in determining log g noted in previous studies, we obtained Keck HIRES spectra of 42 Kepler asteroseismic stars. In comparison to asteroseismically determined log g our spectroscopic analysis has a constant offset of 0.01 dex with a root mean square (RMS) scatter of 0.05 dex. We also analyzed 30 spectra which had published surface gravities determined using the $a/R_*$ technique from planetary transits and found a constan...

  7. FROM TRANSACTIONAL SPATIAL DATABASES INTEGRITY CONSTRAINTS TO SPATIAL DATACUBES INTEGRITY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FROM TRANSACTIONAL SPATIAL DATABASES INTEGRITY CONSTRAINTS TO SPATIAL DATACUBES INTEGRITY, Sherbrooke, Canada - brodeur@nrcan.gc.ca KEY WORDS: Integrity Constraint, Spatial Datacube, Spatio technology (SOLAP). They are aimed at supporting Geographic Knowledge Discovery (GKD) as well as certain

  8. Observational constraints on gauge field production in axion inflation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meerburg, P.D. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Pajer, E., E-mail: meerburg@princeton.edu, E-mail: enrico.pajer@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Models of axion inflation are particularly interesting since they provide a natural justification for the flatness of the potential over a super-Planckian distance, namely the approximate shift-symmetry of the inflaton. In addition, most of the observational consequences are directly related to this symmetry and hence are correlated. Large tensor modes can be accompanied by the observable effects of a the shift-symmetric coupling ?F F-tilde to a gauge field. During inflation this coupling leads to a copious production of gauge quanta and consequently a very distinct modification of the primordial curvature perturbations. In this work we compare these predictions with observations. We find that the leading constraint on the model comes from the CMB power spectrum when considering both WMAP 7-year and ACT data. The bispectrum generated by the non-Gaussian inverse-decay of the gauge field leads to a comparable but slightly weaker constraint. There is also a constraint from ?-distortion using TRIS plus COBE/FIRAS data, but it is much weaker. Finally we comment on a generalization of the model to massive gauge fields. When the mass is generated by some light Higgs field, observably large local non-Gaussianity can be produced.

  9. POSITION DESCRIPTION 2012 TRANSFER MENTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    POSITION DESCRIPTION 2012 TRANSFER MENTOR TRANSFER MENTOR AS A STAFF MEMBER Thank you for your interest in the Transfer Mentor position with Orientation and Transition Programs' (OTP) Transfer Mentoring Program. The Transfer Mentor (TM) is a member of the Orientation and Transition Programs' staff

  10. Comparative analyses of spent nuclear fuel transport modal options: Transport options under existing site constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brentlinger, L.A.; Hofmann, P.L.; Peterson, R.W.

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The movement of nuclear waste can be accomplished by various transport modal options involving different types of vehicles, transport casks, transport routes, and intermediate intermodal transfer facilities. A series of systems studies are required to evaluate modal/intermodal spent fuel transportation options in a consistent fashion. This report provides total life-cycle cost and life-cycle dose estimates for a series of transport modal options under existing site constraints. 14 refs., 7 figs., 28 tabs.

  11. The Kauffman Constraint Coefficients Kw

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenneth A. Griggs

    2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The Kauffman Constraint Coefficients Kw and their corresponding Elementals Ew are presented as solutions to the construction of the (beta)-derivative of Kauffman's Theta-function. Additionally, a new recursion relation is provided to construct the (beta)-derivative of Theta that requires only operational substitutions and summations; this algorithmically simplifies Kauffman's original technique. To demonstrate Kw, we generate the 30 Kw Coefficients from the corresponding Elementals Ew for the (9)-derivative of Theta and find that our results are in complete agreement with Kauffman's Mathematica\\texttrademark solutions. We further present a calculation of two coefficients for the (12)-derivative of Theta and invite readers to use Mathematica\\texttrademark or any other means to calculate and verify our results. Finally, we present a challenging calculation for a coefficient of the (40)-derivative of Theta; owing to the vast numbers of permutations involved, a Mathematica\\texttrademark approach may require substantial computer resources to obtain the solution in a reasonable time.

  12. Stop on Top: SUSY Parameter Regions, Fine-Tuning Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demir, Durmus Ali

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze common supersymmetric models in order to determine in what parameter regions with what amount of fine-tuning they are capable of accomodating the LHC-allowed top-stop degeneracy window. The stops must be light enough to enable Higgs naturalness yet heavy enough to induce a 125 GeV Higgs boson mass. These two constraints require the two stops to have a large mass splitting. We find that, compared to the usual neutralino-LSP CMSSM, the NUHM and gravitino-LSP CMSSM models possess relatively wide regions in which the light stop weighs close to the top quark. The fine-tuning involved lies in 10^3-10^4 range.

  13. Technology transfer 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document, Technology Transfer 94, is intended to communicate that there are many opportunities available to US industry and academic institutions to work with DOE and its laboratories and facilities in the vital activity of improving technology transfer to meet national needs. It has seven major sections: Introduction, Technology Transfer Activities, Access to Laboratories and Facilities, Laboratories and Facilities, DOE Office, Technologies, and an Index. Technology Transfer Activities highlights DOE`s recent developments in technology transfer and describes plans for the future. Access to Laboratories and Facilities describes the many avenues for cooperative interaction between DOE laboratories or facilities and industry, academia, and other government agencies. Laboratories and Facilities profiles the DOE laboratories and facilities involved in technology transfer and presents information on their missions, programs, expertise, facilities, and equipment, along with data on whom to contact for additional information on technology transfer. DOE Offices summarizes the major research and development programs within DOE. It also contains information on how to access DOE scientific and technical information. Technologies provides descriptions of some of the new technologies developed at DOE laboratories and facilities.

  14. Analysis of radial fin assembly heat transfer with dehumidification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rosario, L.; Rahman, M.M. [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this paper is the analysis of heat transfer in a radial fin assembly during the process of dehumidification. An individual finned tube geometry is a reasonable representation of heat exchangers used in air conditioning. The condensation process involves both heat and mass transfer and the cooling takes place by the removal of sensible as well as latent heat. The ratio of sensible to total heat is an important quantity that defines the heat transfer process during a dehumidifier operation. A one-dimensional model for heat transfer in the fin and the heat exchanger block is developed to study the effects of condensation on the fin surface. The combined heat and mass transfer process is modeled by incorporating the ratio of sensible to total heat in the formulation. The augmentation of heat transfer due to fin was established by comparing heat transfer rate with and without fins under the same operating conditions. Numerical calculations were carried out to study the effects of relative humidity and dry bulb temperature of the incoming air, and cold fluid temperature inside the coil on the performance of the heat exchanger. Results were compared to those published for rectangular fin under humid condition showed excellent agreement when the present model was used to compute that limiting condition. It was found that the heat transfer rate increased with increment in both dry bulb temperature and relative humidity of the air. The augmentation factor, however, decreased with increment in relative humidity and the dry bulb temperature.

  15. Export Growth and Credit Constraints Tibor Besedes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    Export Growth and Credit Constraints Tibor Besedes Byung-Cheol Kim Volodymyr Lugovskyy§ May 14, 2014 Abstract We investigate the effect of credit constraints on the growth of exports at the micro of exporting, but not in later stages. Our empirical results using product level data on exports to twelve

  16. Removing Propagation Redundant Constraints in Redundant Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuckey, Peter J.

    propagation redundant constraints in redundant modeling can speed up search by several order of magnitudes but not least, the choice of variables and the associated domains should lead to a smaller search space than search with various degrees of constraint propagation for pruning the search space. One common technique

  17. Iterative Speech Enhancement With Spectral Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Dallas, University of

    Iterative Speech Enhancement With Spectral Constraints John H. Hansen and Mark A. Clements Georgia iterative speech enhancementtechnique based on spectral constraints is presented in this paper estimate of a speech waveform in additive white noise. Thenew approach applies inter- and intra

  18. New constraints for heavy axion-like particles from supernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Giannotti, M.; Nita, R. [Physical Sciences, Barry University, Miami Shores, FL 33161 (United States); Duffy, L.D., E-mail: mgiannotti@mail.barry.edu, E-mail: ldd@lanl.gov, E-mail: Rafaela.Nita@mymail.barry.edu [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive new constraints on the coupling of heavy pseudoscalar (axion-like) particles to photons, based on the gamma ray flux expected from the decay of these particles into photons. After being produced in the supernova core, these heavy axion-like particles would escape and a fraction of them would decay into photons before reaching the Earth. We have calculated the expected flux on Earth of these photons from the supernovae SN 1987A and Cassiopeia A and compared our results to data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope. This analysis provides strong constraints on the parameter space for axion-like particles. For a particle mass of 100 MeV, we find that the Peccei-Quinn constant, f{sub a}, must be greater than about 10{sup 15} GeV. Alternatively, for f{sub a} = 10{sup 12} GeV, we exclude the mass region between approximately 100 eV and 1 GeV.

  19. Constraints on particle dark matter from cosmic-ray antiprotons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Fornengo; L. Maccione; A. Vittino

    2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Cosmic-ray antiprotons represent an important channel for dark matter indirect-detection studies. Current measurements of the antiproton flux at the top of the atmosphere and theoretical determinations of the secondary antiproton production in the Galaxy are in good agreement, with no manifest deviation which could point to an exotic contribution in this channel. Therefore, antiprotons can be used as a powerful tool for constraining particle dark matter properties. By using the spectrum of PAMELA data from 50 MV to 180 GV in rigidity, we derive bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section (or decay rate, for decaying dark matter) for the whole spectrum of dark matter annihilation (decay) channels and under different hypotheses of cosmic-rays transport in the Galaxy and in the heliosphere. For typical models of galactic propagation, the constraints are significantly strong, setting a lower bound on the dark matter mass of a "thermal" relic at about 50-90 GeV for hadronic annihilation channels. These bounds are enhanced to about 150 GeV on the dark matter mass, when large cosmic-rays confinement volumes in the Galaxy are considered, and are reduced to 4-5 GeV for annihilation to light quarks (no bound for heavy-quark production) when the confinement volume is small. Bounds for dark matter lighter than few tens of GeV are due to the low energy part of the PAMELA spectrum, an energy region where solar modulation is relevant: to this aim, we have implemented a detailed solution of the transport equation in the heliosphere, which allowed us not only to extend bounds to light dark matter, but also to determine the uncertainty on the constraints arising from solar modulation modeling. Finally, we estimate the impact of soon-to-come AMS-02 data on the antiproton constraints.

  20. Ames Lab 101: Technology Transfer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Covey, Debra

    2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Ames Laboratory Associate Laboratory Director, Sponsored Research Administration, Debra Covey discusses technology transfer. Covey also discusses Ames Laboratory's most successful transfer, lead-free solder.

  1. Transfer reactions at ATLAS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    64 Ni+ 64 Ni Strong entrance-channel dependence of fusion enhancement Beckerman et al., PRL 45, 1472 (1980), PRC 25, 837 (1982) Coupling of transfer channels, in addition to...

  2. Improved mass transport efficiency in copper solvent extraction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Ross John

    2009-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis considers methods which can be employed to increase the mass of copper transferred into and out of the organic phase during the load and strip stages of commercial solvent extraction processes. Conventional ...

  3. Resources, framing, and transfer p. 1 Resources, framing, and transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, David

    Resources, framing, and transfer p. 1 Resources, framing, and transfer David Hammer Departments. #12;Resources, framing, and transfer p. 2 Resources, framing, and transfer David Hammer, Andrew Elby of activating resources, a language with an explicitly manifold view of cognitive structure. In this chapter, we

  4. Analyze Constraint Behavior to Discover Hidden Value in your Process 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, R.; Moore, D.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of data to the database. Several EMS Reports are generated daily by the MSAccess application. These include: Power Boiler Control Constraints 4200 kPa Header Optimizer Constraints 1150 kPa Header Optimization Constraints 450 kPa Header...

  5. Elemental ratio measurements of organic compounds using aerosol mass spectrometry: characterization, improved calibration, and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canagaratna, M. R.

    Elemental compositions of organic aerosol (OA) particles provide useful constraints on OA sources, chemical evolution, and effects. The Aerodyne high-resolution time-of-flight aerosol mass spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS) is ...

  6. Behavior of the Mass Transfer Zone in a Biosorption Column

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volesky, Bohumil

    in a flow-through fixed-bed sorption column enabled the prediction of breakthrough curves for Cu2+ and Ca in a flow-through fixed-bed column. Copper has been chosen as a typical toxic heavy metal with simple

  7. Micro-Scale Mass-Transfer Variations during Electrodeposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutija, D.P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TS1087 (version 5.0) 2930 DATA HTP,T%,H% 2950 ' Code type (The new commands are 150' HTP, H%, T% 170 ' Revised by: Kenvalue, dist, unit_code (e.g. HTP) 8. percent_value, depth,

  8. Mass transfer and structural analysis of microfluidic sensors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gervais, Thomas

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Surface-based sensors take advantage of the natural high surface-to-volume ratios in microfluidic devices, low reagent consumption and high potential for integration in more complex micro total analysis systems (microTAS ...

  9. Micro-Scale Mass-Transfer Variations during Electrodeposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutija, D.P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    H. H. A Zinc-Bromide Storage Battery, Trans. Electrochem.of Advanced Battery Electric Energy Storage Systems inand Scope of Present Work Storage battery technology has a

  10. Mass transfer rates in osmotic membranes with application to desalination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drummond, Joseph Charles

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    heartfelt thanks are also intended for nqr wife, Karen, for her patience and assistance in the preparation of this thesis. TABLE OF COlPiENTS PAGE t'~STRACT AC K'NO I!LEDGI IE'NTS . IV I. IST OF TABL. S LIST CF I'IBURES. CNAPTER Z. 1NTRODUCTIOI... unecus1, clthou~h Shen&;cod c. c. imcd they were ecusl. Sherwood (((8) reported?ster flux con tents of from one to four times gr eater for osmosis than f or reverse osmosis, end salt flux constant' of s. pproximately 20 times S& eater. Beni;-s snd...

  11. FEHM (Finite Element Heat and Mass Transfer Code)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. Category UC-lFederal Columbia River Risk Based DataPipeline

  12. Constraining Mass Spectra with Sterile Neutrinos from Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay, Tritium Beta Decay and Cosmology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srubabati Goswami; Werner Rodejohann

    2006-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the non-maximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

  13. Constraining mass spectra with sterile neutrinos from neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay, and cosmology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goswami, Srubabati [Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Chhatnag Road, Jhunsi, Allahabad 211 019 (India); Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Rodejohann, Werner [Physik-Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, James-Franck-Strasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany)

    2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the constraints on neutrino mass spectra with extra sterile neutrinos as implied by the LSND experiment. The various mass related observables in neutrinoless double beta decay, tritium beta decay and cosmology are discussed. Both neutrino oscillation results as well as recent cosmological neutrino mass bounds are taken into account. We find that some of the allowed mass patterns are severely restricted by the current constraints, in particular, by the cosmological constraints on the total sum of neutrino masses and by the nonmaximality of the solar neutrino mixing angle. Furthermore, we estimate the form of the four neutrino mass matrices and also comment on the situation in scenarios with two additional sterile neutrinos.

  14. White dwarf masses in cataclysmic variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wijnen, T P G; Schreiber, M R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The white dwarf (WD) mass distribution of cataclysmic variables (CVs) has recently been found to dramatically disagree with the predictions of the standard CV formation model. The high mean WD mass among CVs is not imprinted in the currently observed sample of CV progenitors and cannot be attributed to selection effects. Two possibilities have been put forward: either the WD grows in mass during CV evolution, or in a significant fraction of cases, CV formation is preceded by a (short) phase of thermal time-scale mass transfer (TTMT) in which the WD gains a sufficient amount of mass. We investigate if either of these two scenarios can bring theoretical predictions and observations into agreement. We employed binary population synthesis models to simulate the present intrinsic CV population. We incorporated aspects specific to CV evolution such as an appropriate mass-radius relation of the donor star and a more detailed prescription for the critical mass ratio for dynamically unstable mass transfer. We also imp...

  15. Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity. Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity....

  16. A Constraint-Reduced Algorithm for Semidefinite Optimization ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    May 23, 2015 ... Constraint reduction methods originated from the question of whether we can save computational costs by ignoring a subset of constraints ...

  17. A note on the expected probability of constraint v...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Page 1 ... this topic): V = expected number of support constraints. 1 + number of constraints . This result (Theorem 1) is obtained using a simple technique based

  18. Conjugate Heat Transfer with Large Eddy Simulation for Gas Turbine Components.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicoud, Franck

    Conjugate Heat Transfer with Large Eddy Simulation for Gas Turbine Components. Florent Duchaine constraint for GT (gas turbines). Most existing CHT tools are developped for chained, steady phenomena. A film-cooled turbine vane is then studied. Thermal conduction in the blade implies lower wall

  19. Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroaki Sugiyama

    2003-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief overview is given of theoretical analyses with neutrinoless double beta decay experiments. Theoretical bounds on the ``observable'', _betabeta, are presented. By using experimental bounds on _betabeta, allowed regions are obtained on the m_l-cos{2theta_12} plane, where m_l stands for the lightest neutrino mass. It is shown that Majorana neutrinos can be excluded by combining possible results of future neutrinoless double beta decay and {}^3H beta decay experiments. A possibility to constrain one of two Majorana phases is discussed also.

  20. Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, David

    2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...

  1. Workflow Collaboration with Constraint Solving Capabilities 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen-Burger, Y-H; Hui, K; Preece, A D; Gray, P.M.D; Tate, Austin

    , perform specialised tasks and achieve common goals. We give an account of our approach for the workflow assisted collaboration with a specialised knowledge agent. In this case, a system with constraint solving capabilities. We found that systems built...

  2. Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levy, David

    2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...

  3. The Design of Shape from Motion Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caine, Michael E.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a set of representations methodologies and tools for the purpose of visualizing, analyzing and designing functional shapes in terms of constraints on motion. The core of the research is an interactive ...

  4. Approved Module Information for CE2004, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Transfer Processes Module Code: CE2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    * Fundamental processes of mass transfer * Design principles of heat exchangers * Fundamentals of radiant heat * a knowledge of the fundamentals and practical applications of radiative heat transfer * a knowledge of pipe solving * Study skills * Time management Indicative Module Content: Heat Transfer (Dr. John Brammer) Heat

  5. Applied heat transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ganapathy, V.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat transfer principles are discussed with emphasis on the practical aspects of the problems. Correlations for heat transfer and pressure drop from several worldwide sources for flow inside and outside of tubes, including finned tubes are presented, along with design and performance calculations of heat exchangers economizers, air heaters, condensers, waste-heat boilers, fired heaters, superheaters, and boiler furnaces. Vibration analysis for tube bundles and heat exchangers are also discussed, as are estimating gas-mixture properties at atmospheric and elevated pressures and life-cycle costing techniques. (JMT)

  6. Vanishing Effective Mass of the Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhi-zhong Xing

    2003-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We stress that massive neutrinos may be Majorana particles even if the effective mass of the neutrinoless double beta decay m_ee vanishes. We show that current neutrino oscillation data do allow m_ee = 0 to hold, if the Majorana CP-violating phases lie in two specific regions. Strong constraints on three neutrino masses can then be obtained. We find that the neutrino mass spectrum performs a normal hierarchy: m_1 < m_2 < m_3. A possible texture of the neutrino mass matrix is also illustrated under the m_ee = 0 condition.

  7. Present Constraints on the H-dibaryon at the Physical Point from Lattice QCD

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Beane, Silas; Detmold, Will; Joo, Balint; Lin, Huey-Wen; Luu, T C; Orginos, Konstantinos; Parreno, Assumpta; Savage, Martin; Torok, Aaron

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The current constraints from Lattice QCD on the existence of the H-dibaryon are discussed. With only two significant Lattice QCD calculations of the H-dibaryon binding energy at approximately the same lattice spacing, the form of the chiral and continuum extrapolations to the physical point are not determined. In this brief report, an extrapolation that is quadratic in the pion mass, motivated by low-energy effective field theory, is considered. An extrapolation that is linear in the pion mass is also considered, a form that has no basis in the effective field theory, but is found to describe the light-quark mass dependence observed in Lattice QCD calculations of the octet baryon masses. In both instances, the extrapolation to the physical pion mass allows for a bound H-dibaryon or a near-threshold scattering state.

  8. Three Dimensional Radiative Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Abel

    2000-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative Transfer (RT) effects play a crucial role in the thermal history of the intergalactic medium. Here I discuss recent advances in the development of numerical methods that introduce RT to cosmological hydrodynamics. These methods can also readily be applied to time dependent problems on interstellar and galactic scales.

  9. Stop on Top: SUSY Parameter Regions, Fine-Tuning Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durmus Ali Demir; Cem Salih Un

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze minimal supersymmetric models in order to determine in what parameter regions with what amount of fine-tuning they are capable of accomodating the LHC-allowed top-stop degeneracy window. The stops must be light enough to enable Higgs naturalness yet heavy enough to induce a 125 GeV Higgs boson mass. These two constraints imply a large mass splitting. By an elaborate scan of the parameter space, we show that stop-on-top scenario requires at least Delta_CMSSM ~ O(10^4) fine-tuning in the CMSSM. By relaxing the CMSSM parameter space with nonuniversal Higgs masses, we find that Delta_NUHM1 ~ O(10^4). The CMSSM with gravitino LSP works slightly better than the NUHM1 model. Compared to all these, the CMSSM with mu<0 and nonuniversal gauginos yield a much smaller fine-tuning Delta_{mu,g} ~ O(100). Our results show that gaugino sector can pave the road towards a more natural stop-on-top scenario.

  10. Constraints on dark matter annihilation from CMB observations before Planck

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopez-Honorez, Laura [Theoretische Natuurkunde, Vrije Universiteit Brussel and The International Solvay Institutes, Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Mena, Olga; Palomares-Ruiz, Sergio; Vincent, Aaron C., E-mail: llopezho@vub.ac.be, E-mail: omena@ific.uv.es, E-mail: sergio.palomares.ruiz@ist.utl.pt, E-mail: vincent@ific.uv.es [Instituto de Física Corpuscular (IFIC), CSIC-Universitat de València, Apartado de Correos 22085, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the bounds on the dark matter (DM) annihilation cross section using the most recent Cosmic Microwave Background measurements from WMAP9, SPT'11 and ACT'10. We consider DM with mass in the MeV–TeV range annihilating 100% into either an e{sup +}e{sup ?} or a ?{sup +}?{sup ?} pair. We consider a realistic energy deposition model, which includes the dependence on the redshift, DM mass and annihilation channel. We exclude the canonical thermal relic abundance cross section ((?v) = 3 × 10{sup ?26}cm{sup 3}s{sup ?1}) for DM masses below 30 GeV and 15 GeV for the e{sup +}e{sup ?} and ?{sup +}?{sup ?} channels, respectively. A priori, DM annihilating in halos could also modify the reionization history of the Universe at late times. We implement a realistic halo model taken from results of state-of-the-art N-body simulations and consider a mixed reionization mechanism, consisting on reionization from DM as well as from first stars. We find that the constraints on DM annihilation remain unchanged, even when large uncertainties on the halo model parameters are considered.

  11. Lunar Wireless Power Transfer Feasibility Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldon Freid, et al.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the feasibility of a multi-kilowatt wireless radio frequency (RF) power system to transfer power between lunar base facilities. Initial analyses, show that wireless power transfer (WPT) systems can be more efficient and less expensive than traditional wired approaches for certain lunar and terrestrial applications. The study includes evaluations of the fundamental limitations of lunar WPT systems, the interrelationships of possible operational parameters, and a baseline design approach for a notionial system that could be used in the near future to power remote facilities at a lunar base. Our notional system includes state-of-the-art photovoltaics (PVs), high-efficiency microwave transmitters, low-mass large-aperture high-power transmit antennas, high-efficiency large-area rectenna receiving arrays, and reconfigurable DC combining circuitry.

  12. THE GEOMETRY OF ACCRETION AND MASS LOSS ON PMS STARS THROUGH THE EPOCH OF JOVIAN-MASS PLANET FORMATION: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schneider, Glenn

    be estimated from Monte-Carlo Radiative Transfer modeling of the IR spectral energy distribution. A pilot studyTHE GEOMETRY OF ACCRETION AND MASS LOSS ON PMS STARS THROUGH THE EPOCH OF JOVIAN-MASS PLANET-Perot Narrow-Band Imaging of Jets 13 2.5.7 Spectral Energy Distribution Assembly 13 2.5.8 Monte-Carlo Radiative

  13. Constraints on the induced gravitational wave background from primordial black holes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bugaev, Edgar; Klimai, Peter [Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary Prospect 7a, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a consistent calculation of primordial black hole (PBH) mass spectrum and second-order induced gravitational wave (GW) background produced from primordial scalar perturbations in radiation era of the early Universe. It is shown that the maximal amplitudes of the second-order GW spectrum that can be approached without conflicting with the PBH data do not depend significantly on the shape of primordial perturbation spectrum. The constraints on the GW background obtained in previous works are extended to a wider GW frequency range. We discuss the applicability of the currently available pulsar timing limits for obtaining the constraints on scalar power spectrum and PBH abundance and show that they can be used for strongly constraining the PBH number density in the PBH mass range {approx}(0.03-10)M{sub {center_dot}}.

  14. Constraints on Lorentz invariance violation from gamma-ray burst GRB090510

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhi Xiao; Bo-Qiang Ma

    2010-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain modified dispersion relations by requiring the vanishing of determinant of inverse of modified photon propagators in Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) theory. Inspired by these dispersion relations, we give a more general dispersion relation with less assumption and apply it to the recent observed gamma-ray burst GRB090510 to extract various constraints on LIV parameters. We find that the constraint on quantum gravity mass is slightly larger than the Planck mass but is consistent with the other recent observations, so the corresponding LIV coefficient $\\xi_1$ has reached the natural order ($o(1)$) as one expects. From our analysis, the linear LIV corrections to photon group velocity might be not excluded yet.

  15. Urban Sewage Delivery Heat Transfer System (2): Heat Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, C.; Wu, R.; Li, X.; Li, G.; Zhuang, Z.; Sun, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thimble delivery heat-transfer (TDHT) system is one of the primary modes to utilize the energy of urban sewage. Using the efficiency-number of transfer units method ( ), the heat-transfer efficiencies of the parallel-flow and reverse-flow TDTH...

  16. Urban Sewage Delivery Heat Transfer System (2): Heat Transfer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, C.; Wu, R.; Li, X.; Li, G.; Zhuang, Z.; Sun, D.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thimble delivery heat-transfer (TDHT) system is one of the primary modes to utilize the energy of urban sewage. Using the efficiency-number of transfer units method ( ), the heat-transfer efficiencies of the parallel-flow and reverse-flow TDTH...

  17. Mass models of the Milky Way

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter Dehnen; James Binney

    1997-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A parameterized model of the mass distribution within the Milky Way is fitted to the available observational constraints. The most important single parameter is the ratio of the scale length R_d* of the stellar disk to R0. The disk and bulge dominate v_c(R) at R> R0. For example, changing the disk slightly from an exponential surface-density profile significantly changes the form of v_c(R) at R >> R0, where the disk makes a negligible contribution to v_c. Moreover, minor changes in the constraints can cause the halo to develop a deep hole at its centre that is not physically plausible. These problems call into question the proposition that flat rotation curves arise because galaxies have physically distinct halos rather than outwards-increasing mass-to-light ratios. The mass distribution of the Galaxy and the relative importance of its various components will remain very uncertain until more observational data can be used to constrain mass models. Data that constrain the Galactic force field at z > R and at R > R0 are especially important.

  18. Topological Constraints in Directed Polymer Melts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serna, Pablo; Nahum, Adam

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Polymers in a melt may be subject to topological constraints, as in the example of unlinked polymer rings. How to do statistical mechanics in the presence of such constraints remains a fundamental open problem. We study the effect of topological constraints on a melt of directed polymers using simulations of a simple quasi-2D model. We find that fixing the global topology of the melt to be trivial changes the polymer conformations drastically. Polymers of length $L$ wander in the transverse direction only by a distance of order $(\\ln L)^\\zeta$ with $\\zeta \\simeq 1.5$. This is strongly suppressed in comparison with the Brownian scaling $L^{1/2}$ which holds in the absence of the topological constraint. It is also much less than the prediction $L^{1/4}$ of a mean-field-like `array of obstacles' model: thus we rule out such a model in the present setting. Dynamics are also strongly affected by the constraints, and a tagged monomer in an infinite system performs logarithmically slow subdiffusion. To cast light on...

  19. Faculty Positions Heat Transfer and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faculty Positions Heat Transfer and Thermal/Energy Sciences Naval Postgraduate School Monterey-track faculty position at the assistant professor level in the areas of Heat Transfer and Thermal/Fluid Sciences

  20. QER- Comment of Energy Transfer

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    From: Lee Hanse Executive Vice President Interstate Energy Transfer Mobile - 210 464 2929 Office - 210 403 6455

  1. Plastic container bagless transfer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tibrea, Steven L.; D'Amelio, Joseph A.; Daugherty, Brent A.

    2003-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and apparatus are provided for transferring material from an isolated environment into a storage carrier through a conduit that can be sealed with a plug. The plug and conduit can then be severed to provide a hermetically sealed storage carrier containing the material which may be transported for storage or disposal and to maintain a seal between the isolated environment and the ambient environment.

  2. Rotor dynamic analysis of multi-line systems using the polynomial transfer matrix method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Troxler, Paul Joseph

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is based on the polynomial transfer matrix method. The transfer matrices for the general point mass and flexible beam are presented. The model has the capability to include a number of different options such as stator gyroscopic terms (to model... polynomial coefficients a = mass and beam matrix elements 1J A = cross sectional Area A, B = matrices b; = coefficients of polynomial after removing quadratic factor B&g ? variables used in deriving foundation equations c = scale factor c...

  3. On kinematical constraints in Regge calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Khatsymovsky

    1993-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In the (3+1)D Hamiltonian Regge calculus (one of the coordinates, $ t$, is continuous) conjugate variables are (defined on triangles of discrete 3D section $ t=const$) finite connections and antisymmetric area bivectors. The latter, however, are not independent, since triangles may have common edges. This circumstance can be taken into account with the help of the set of kinematical (that is, required to hold by definition of Regge manifold) bilinear constraints on bivectors. Some of these contain derivatives over $ t$, and taking them into account with the help of Lagrange multipliers would result in the new dynamical variables not having analogs in the continuum theory. It is shown that kinematical constraints with derivatives are consequences of eqs. of motion for Regge action supplemented with the rest of these constraints without derivatives and can be omitted; so the new dynamical variables do not appear.

  4. First class constraints in Regge calculus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Khatsymovsky

    1993-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Considered are I class constraints in the tetrad-connection formulation of Regge calculus. One of these is well-known Gauss law which generates rotations in the local frames associated with tetrahedrons in the continuous time 3D section. Another two types of these are new, satisfied by definition of Regge manifold and having no I class analogs in the continuum general relativity. Constraints of the first type express vanishing of the dual squares of antisymmetric tensors of the triangles in the 3D section thus ensuring each such tensor being a bivector. Constraints of the second type are trigonometric relations between areas of triangles of 3D section caused by that the set of areas is redundant as compared to the set of linklengts.

  5. Compact star constraints on the high-density EoS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Grigorian; D. Blaschke; T. Klahn

    2006-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    A new scheme for testing the nuclear matter (NM) equation of state (EoS) at high densities using constraints from compact star (CS) phenomenology is applied to neutron stars with a core of deconfined quark matter (QM). An acceptable EoS shall not to be in conflict with the mass measurement of 2.1 +/- 0.2 M_sun (1 sigma level) for PSR J0751+1807 and the mass-radius relation deduced from the thermal emission of RX J1856-3754. Further constraints for the state of matter in CS interiors come from temperature-age data for young, nearby objects. The CS cooling theory shall agree not only with these data, but also with the mass distribution inferred via population synthesis models as well as with LogN-LogS data. The scheme is applied to a set of hybrid EsoS with a phase transition to stiff, color superconducting QM which fulfills all above constraints and is constrained otherwise from NM saturation properties and flow data of heavy-ion collisions. We extrapolate our description to low temperatures and draw conclusions for the QCD phase diagram to be explored in heavy-ion collision experiments.

  6. The ILC Energy Requirements from the Constraints on New Boson Production at the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mihail V. Chizhov

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Direct constraints on the masses of new heavy bosons by the Tevatron data are discussed. Some excesses in the experimental data are interpreted as a resonance production of new charged and `leptophobic' neutral chiral bosons with masses around 500 GeV and 700 GeV, respectively. The interpretation was provided on the basis of the theoretical model, proposed by the author about 15 years ago. New Tevatron data and the LHC results will definitely confirm or reject this interpretation. The ILC with an energy above 1 TeV would be an ideal place to produce and to study the properties of these particles.

  7. Neutrino Majorana Mass from Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yosuke Uehara

    2002-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new mechanism to generate the neutrino Majorana mass in TeV-scale gravity models. The black hole violates all non-gauged symmetries and can become the origin of lepton number violating processes. The fluctuation of higher-dimensional spacetime can result in the production of a black hole, which emits 2 neutrinos. If neutrinos are Majorana particles, this process is equivalent to the free propagation of a neutrino with the insertion of the black hole. From this fact, we derive the neutrino Majorana mass. The result is completely consistent with the recently observed evidence of neutrinoless double beta decay. And the obtained neutrino Majorana mass satisfies the constraint from the density of the neutrino dark matter, which affects the cosmic structure formation. Furthermore, we can explain the ultrahigh energy cosmic rays by the Z-burst scenario with it.

  8. Parallel hybrid textures of lepton mass matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dev; Shivani Gupta; Radha Raman Gautam

    2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse the parallel hybrid texture structures in the charged lepton and the neutrino sector. These parallel hybrid texture structures have physical implications as they cannot be obtained from arbitrary lepton mass matrices through weak basis transformations. The total sixty parallel hybrid texture structures can be grouped into twelve classes, and all the hybrid textures in the same class have identical physical implications. We examine all the twelve classes under the assumption of non-factorizable phases in the neutrino mass matrix. Five out of the total twelve classes are found to be phenomenologically disallowed. We study the phenomenological implications of the allowed classes for 1-3 mixing angle, Majorana and Dirac-type $CP$ violating phases. Interesting constraints on effective Majorana mass are obtained for all the allowed classes.

  9. Parallel hybrid textures of lepton mass matrices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dev, S.; Gupta, Shivani; Gautam, Radha Raman [Department of Physics, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla 171005 (India)

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the parallel hybrid texture structures in the charged lepton and the neutrino sector. These parallel hybrid texture structures have physical implications as they cannot be obtained from arbitrary lepton mass matrices through weak basis transformations. The total 60 parallel hybrid texture structures can be grouped into 12 classes, and all the hybrid textures in the same class have identical physical implications. We examine all 12 classes under the assumption of nonfactorizable phases in the neutrino mass matrix. Five out of the total 12 classes are found to be phenomenologically disallowed. We study the phenomenological implications of the allowed classes for 1-3 mixing angle, Majorana and Dirac-type CP violating phases. Interesting constraints on effective Majorana mass are obtained for all the allowed classes.

  10. Parallel hybrid textures of lepton mass matrices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dev, S; Gautam, Radha Raman

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse the parallel hybrid texture structures in the charged lepton and the neutrino sector. These parallel hybrid texture structures have physical implications as they cannot be obtained from arbitrary lepton mass matrices through weak basis transformations. The total sixty parallel hybrid texture structures can be grouped into twelve classes, and all the hybrid textures in the same class have identical physical implications. We examine all the twelve classes under the assumption of non-factorizable phases in the neutrino mass matrix. Five out of the total twelve classes are found to be phenomenologically disallowed. We study the phenomenological implications of the allowed classes for 1-3 mixing angle, Majorana and Dirac-type $CP$ violating phases. Interesting constraints on effective Majorana mass are obtained for all the allowed classes.

  11. Experimental constraints on the diagenetic self-sealing capacity of faults in high porosity rocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    creep loading on sandstone cores. This technique allowed changes in silica concentration during mass transfer. Post-test microstructural studies suggest that the magnitude of diagenetic self and deformation bands. ß 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: faults; sealing; creep

  12. Relaxed constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniela P. Kirilova; Mariana P. Panayotova

    2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the cosmological constraints on active-sterile neutrino oscillations nu_e nu_s for the case when nu_s is partially filled initially, i.e. 0 nu_s oscillations, effective after neutrino decoupling, accounting for all known oscillations effects on cosmological nucleosynthesis. Cosmological constraints on oscillation parameters corresponding to higher than 5% He-4 overproduction and different non-zero initial populations of the sterile state delta N_s 0 are relaxed in comparison with the delta N_s = 0 case and the relaxation is proportional to delta N_s.

  13. New constraints in dynamical torsion theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katanaev, M.O. (Steklov Mathematical Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation))

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The most general Lagrangian for dynamical torsion theory quadratic in curvature and torsion is considered. The authors impose two simple and physically reasonable constraints on the solution of the equations of motion (i) there must be solutions with zero curvature and nontrivial torsion and (ii) there must be solutions with torsion and non covariantly constant curvature. The constraints reduce the number of independent coupling constants from ten to five. The resulting theory contains Einstein's general relativity and Weitzenboeck's absolute parallelism theory as the two sectors. 32 refs.

  14. Wireless Power Transfer

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2013-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Wireless Power Transfer is an innovative approach using magnetic resonance coupling of air core transformers designed for today's growing plug-in electric vehicle market. This technology can provide a convenient, safe and flexible means to charge electric vehicles under stationary and dynamic conditions. Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) are burdened by the need for cable and plug charger, galvanic isolation of the on-board electronics, bulk and cost of this charger and the large energy storage system (ESS) packs needed. With a system where you have to physically plug in there are a number of occasions where the owner could very well forget to charge the vehicle. For stationary applications (like charging of a PHEV at home), ORNL's innovative wireless power transfer technology adds a convenience factor compared to actually plugging in which will mean that the vehicle will have a full charge every morning. Electric vehicle charging must be safe, compact and efficient in order to be convenient for customers. By reconfiguring the transformer and altering the resonance frequency, energy is transferred to the battery with lower energy losses and with fewer demands on the primary circuit by the rest of the transformer system. The ORNL discovery shows that sufficient power for the battery can be transferred from the primary to secondary circuits without significant energy losses if the operating frequency is set at 50% to 95% of the resonance frequency of the circuit. The electrical power is then transmitted to the chargeable battery, which is electrically coupled to the secondary circuit through the air core transformer. Some advantages include: Reduced energy losses during transfer of energy to the battery; A charge potential that is relatively unaffected by up to 25% misalignment of vehicle; and Other receiving components draw less power from the primary circuit. These advantages allow wireless power technology applications to expand at the workplace and beyond as the demand for EV rises. For vehicles that operate over a fixed route such as busses and shuttle vehicles, Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) means that a smaller battery pack can be used. In the traditional system, the battery pack is designed to accommodate the needs of the entire route or shift. With WPT the battery can be downsized because it can be charged when the vehicle stops on its route (a rental car shuttle bus, for example, can charge when it waits in the terminal and again when it waits at the rental car place. Thus the battery only needs enough charge to get to the next stop. This decrease in battery size means significant cost savings to electrify the vehicle. This technology enables efficient "opportunity charging stations" for predefined routes and planned stops reducing down time. Charging can occur in minutes. This improvement also eliminates the harmful emissions that occur in garages while buses are at idle during charging. In larger cities, dynamic charging offers an even greater impact utilizing existing infrastructure. As vehicles travel along busy freeways and interstate systems, wireless charging can occur while the vehicle is in motion. With this technology a vehicle essentially has unlimited electric range while using a relatively small battery pack. In-motion charging stations use vehicle sensors to alert the driver. Traveling at normal speeds, sensors establish in-motion charging. WPT transmit pads sequentially energize to the negotiated power level based on vehicle speed and its requested charging energy. Lower power when vehicle speed is slow and much higher power for faster moving vehicles. Vehicle to Infrastructure communications (V2I) coordinates WPT charging level according to on-board battery pack state-of-charge. V2I activates the roadway transmit pads placing them in standby mode and negotiates charging fee based on prevailing grid rate and vehicle energy demand. Dynamic charging would allow electricity to supply a very large fraction of the energy for the transportation sector and reduce greatly petroleum consump

  15. Wireless Power Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Wireless Power Transfer is an innovative approach using magnetic resonance coupling of air core transformers designed for today's growing plug-in electric vehicle market. This technology can provide a convenient, safe and flexible means to charge electric vehicles under stationary and dynamic conditions. Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEV) are burdened by the need for cable and plug charger, galvanic isolation of the on-board electronics, bulk and cost of this charger and the large energy storage system (ESS) packs needed. With a system where you have to physically plug in there are a number of occasions where the owner could very well forget to charge the vehicle. For stationary applications (like charging of a PHEV at home), ORNL's innovative wireless power transfer technology adds a convenience factor compared to actually plugging in which will mean that the vehicle will have a full charge every morning. Electric vehicle charging must be safe, compact and efficient in order to be convenient for customers. By reconfiguring the transformer and altering the resonance frequency, energy is transferred to the battery with lower energy losses and with fewer demands on the primary circuit by the rest of the transformer system. The ORNL discovery shows that sufficient power for the battery can be transferred from the primary to secondary circuits without significant energy losses if the operating frequency is set at 50% to 95% of the resonance frequency of the circuit. The electrical power is then transmitted to the chargeable battery, which is electrically coupled to the secondary circuit through the air core transformer. Some advantages include: Reduced energy losses during transfer of energy to the battery; A charge potential that is relatively unaffected by up to 25% misalignment of vehicle; and Other receiving components draw less power from the primary circuit. These advantages allow wireless power technology applications to expand at the workplace and beyond as the demand for EV rises. For vehicles that operate over a fixed route such as busses and shuttle vehicles, Wireless Power Transfer (WPT) means that a smaller battery pack can be used. In the traditional system, the battery pack is designed to accommodate the needs of the entire route or shift. With WPT the battery can be downsized because it can be charged when the vehicle stops on its route (a rental car shuttle bus, for example, can charge when it waits in the terminal and again when it waits at the rental car place. Thus the battery only needs enough charge to get to the next stop. This decrease in battery size means significant cost savings to electrify the vehicle. This technology enables efficient "opportunity charging stations" for predefined routes and planned stops reducing down time. Charging can occur in minutes. This improvement also eliminates the harmful emissions that occur in garages while buses are at idle during charging. In larger cities, dynamic charging offers an even greater impact utilizing existing infrastructure. As vehicles travel along busy freeways and interstate systems, wireless charging can occur while the vehicle is in motion. With this technology a vehicle essentially has unlimited electric range while using a relatively small battery pack. In-motion charging stations use vehicle sensors to alert the driver. Traveling at normal speeds, sensors establish in-motion charging. WPT transmit pads sequentially energize to the negotiated power level based on vehicle speed and its requested charging energy. Lower power when vehicle speed is slow and much higher power for faster moving vehicles. Vehicle to Infrastructure communications (V2I) coordinates WPT charging level according to on-board battery pack state-of-charge. V2I activates the roadway transmit pads placing them in standby mode and negotiates charging fee based on prevailing grid rate and vehicle energy demand. Dynamic charging would allow electricity to supply a very large fraction of the energy for the transportation sector and reduce greatly petroleum consump

  16. Backtracking in Distributed Constraint Networks Youssef Hamadi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamadi, Yousseff

    ). The basic method to search for solu- tion in a constraint network is backtrack search, which performs a systematic exploration of the search tree until it finds an instantiation of values to variables search algorithms among several agents to speed up the running time of central algorithms. We distribute

  17. Prioritisation of test suites containing precedence constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Tim

    1 Prioritisation of test suites containing precedence constraints Tim Miller Department@unimelb.edu.au Abstract--Test case prioritisation is the process of ordering the exe- cution of test cases to achieve a certain goal, such as increasing the rate of fault detection. Many existing test case prioritisation

  18. SCHEDULING CEMENT PLANTS WITH ENERGY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    SCHEDULING CEMENT PLANTS WITH ENERGY CONSTRAINTS Pedro M. Castro Ignacio E. Grossmann Iiro K Meeting 4 #12;5 ABB PROJECT #12;INTRODUCTION Cement producers currently under pressure to produce Contracts agreed between electricity supplier and cement plants (planning level) Energy cost [$/k

  19. Symmetry-Breaking Constraints for Matrix Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flener, Pierre

    -breaking constraints. Experimental re- sults confirm their value. 1 Introduction Symmetry in a CSP model is an important issue as the exploration of symmet- ric but essentially equivalent branches in a search tree may techniques have been developed to address the issue of eliminating symmetry in CSP models. An important class

  20. Kalman Filtering with State Equality Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    Kalman Filtering with State Equality Constraints DAN SIMON, Member, IEEE Cleveland State University TIEN LI CHIA, Member, IEEE ControlSoft, Inc. Kalman filters are commonly used to estimate the states of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman filters there is often known model or signal

  1. KALMAN FILTERING WITH STATISTICAL STATE CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon, Dan

    KALMAN FILTERING WITH STATISTICAL STATE CONSTRAINTS T. L. Chia ControlSoft Inc. 5387 Avion Park with white process and measurement noise, the Kalman ¯lter is known to be the minimum variance linear state estimator. In the case that the random quantities are Gaussian, then the Kalman ¯lter is the minimim

  2. Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsh, Toby

    Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed

  3. Processor Speed Control with Thermal Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almir Mutapcic

    2007-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 29, 2007 ... Processor Speed Control with Thermal Constraints ... and we model the dissipated power of a processor as a positive and strictly increasing ... speeds based on the measured temperatures in the system. ... Category 2: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Optimization of Systems modeled by PDEs ).

  4. Constraints Techniques for Authoring Multimedia Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

    Constraints Techniques for Authoring Multimedia Documents Muriel Jourdan, Cécile Roisin and Laurent://opera.inrialpes.fr/OPERA/ 1 Introduction A multimedia document is defined as a set of objects from different media (text been done for the definition of languages and formats of multimedia documents, largely focusing

  5. Electroweak constraints on flavorful effective theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efrati, Aielet; Soreq, Yotam

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive model-independent constraints arising from the Z and W boson observables on dimension six operators in the effective theory beyond the Standard Model. In particular, we discuss the generic flavor structure for these operators as well as several flavor patterns motivated by simple new physics scenarios.

  6. Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bickhard, Mark H.

    Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Mark H. Bickhard on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Abstract Functional and pragmatic approaches to grammar to its nature. I also show how phenomena of implicature, the hermeneutic circle, and forms of creative

  7. Nordic Journal of Computing TEMPORAL CONCURRENT CONSTRAINT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palamidessi, Catuscia

    Nordic Journal of Computing TEMPORAL CONCURRENT CONSTRAINT PROGRAMMING: DENOTATION, LOGIC on this semantics, we develop a proof system for linear­temporal properties of these processes. The expressiveness of ntcc is illustrated by modeling cells, timed systems such as RCX controllers, multi­agent systems

  8. Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints William Rosehart Claudio Ca on the current operating con- ditions is presented. Second, an Optimal Power Flow formulation that incorporates: Voltage Collapse, Optimal Power Flow, Bifur- cations. I. Introduction As open-access market principles

  9. Automated ConstraintBased Nucleotide Sequence Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gifford, David K.

    Automated Constraint­Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection for DNA Computation Alexander J. Hartemink computational melting temper­ ature primitive to search a ``nucleotide space'' for sequences satisfying a pre that offer the promise of an efficient method for selecting optimal nucleotide sequences in an automated

  10. Automated Constraint-Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gifford, David K.

    Automated Constraint-Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection for DNA Computation Alexander J. Hartemink computational melting temperature primitive to search a "nucleotide space" for sequences satisfying a pre that offer the promise of an efficient method for selecting optimal nucleotide sequences in an automated

  11. Modular Lazy Search for Constraint Satisfaction Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolmach, Andrew

    graph coloring #12;3 CSP Algorithm Zoo · No agreedupon common framework. · Many problems benefit from on this function is a constraint check · Problem: type CSP = CSP{vars::Int,vals::Int,rel::Rel} #12;7 States is complete. complete :: CSP -> State -> Bool complete CSP{vars} as = (length as == vars) · A state

  12. Synthesised Constraint Models for Distributed Energy Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reif, Wolfgang

    generation [1], demand-side manage- ment, or building control software. In a producer-based view, supplySynthesised Constraint Models for Distributed Energy Management Alexander Schiendorfer, Jan frequently encountered in energy management systems such as the coordination of power generators in a virtual

  13. Manipulator mounted transfer platform

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dobbins, James C. (Idaho Falls, ID); Hoover, Mark A. (Idaho Falls, ID); May, Kay W. (Idaho Falls, ID); Ross, Maurice J. (Pocatello, ID)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A transfer platform for the conveyance of objects by a manipulator includes a bed frame and saddle clamp secured along an edge of the bed frame and adapted so as to secure the bed frame to a horizontal crosspiece of the manipulator. The platform may thus move with the manipulator in a reciprocal linear path defined by a guide rail. A bed insert may be provided for the support of conveyed objects and a lifting bail may be provided to permit the manipulator arm to install the bed frame upon the crosspiece under remote control.

  14. Data Transfer and Access

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContract Management Fermi SitePARTOfficeOctoberDanielDTN Data Transfer Nodes

  15. Technology Transfer Reporting Form

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently AskedEnergyIssuesEnergy Solar Decathlon |1999Energy-Technology TransferThis

  16. Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, Susan; Latimer, David C.

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects: the real part yields dispersive effects in propagation, and the imaginary part yields such in attenuation. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of gamma-ray bursts to limit the charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter to |{var_epsilon}|/M < 1.8 x 10{sup -5} eV{sup -1} at 95% CL.

  17. Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Gardner; D. C. Latimer

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects in the propagation and attenuation of light. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter and a new possibility for its direct detection. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of distant gamma-ray bursts to realize a direct limit on the electric-charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter of |varepsilon|/M < 1 x 10^{-5} eV^{-1} at 95% CL.

  18. Neutrino mass matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Strobel, E.L.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Given the many conflicting experimental results, examination is made of the neutrino mass matrix in order to determine possible masses and mixings. It is assumed that the Dirac mass matrix for the electron, muon, and tau neutrinos is similar in form to those of the quarks and charged leptons, and that the smallness of the observed neutrino masses results from the Gell-Mann-Ramond-Slansky mechanism. Analysis of masses and mixings for the neutrinos is performed using general structures for the Majorana mass matrix. It is shown that if certain tentative experimental results concerning the neutrino masses and mixing angles are confirmed, significant limitations may be placed on the Majorana mass matrix. The most satisfactory simple assumption concerning the Majorana mass matrix is that it is approximately proportional to the Dirac mass matrix. A very recent experimental neutrino mass result and its implications are discussed. Some general properties of matrices with structure similar to the Dirac mass matrices are discussed.

  19. Heat transfer in a two-pass internally ribbed turbine blade coolant channel with cylindrical vortex generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hibbs, R.; Chen, Y.; Nikitopoulos, D. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)] [and others

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are non-participating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected inter-rib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5,000 to 40,000, pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55, and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators induce substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the inter-rib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, horse-shoe vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

  20. Heat transfer in a two-pass internally ribbed turbine blade coolant channel with cylindrical vortex generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hibbs, R.; Acharya, S.; Chen, Y. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are non-participating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected inter-rib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5,000 to 40,000, pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55, and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators induce substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the inter-rib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, horse-shoe vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

  1. Heat transfer in a two-pass internally ribbed turbine blade coolant channel with cylindrical vortex generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hibbs, R.G.; Acharya, S.; Chen, Y.; Nikitopoulos, D.E.; Myrum, T.A. [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of vortex generators on the mass (heat) transfer from the ribbed passage of a two-pass turbine blade coolant channel is investigated with the intent of optimizing the vortex generator geometry so that significant enhancements in mass/heat transfer can be achieved. In the experimental configuration considered, ribs are mounted on two opposite walls; all four walls along each pass are active and have mass transfer from their surfaces but the ribs are nonparticipating. Mass transfer measurements, in the form of Sherwood number ratios, are made along the centerline and in selected interrib modules. Results are presented for Reynolds number in the range of 5000 to 40,000 pitch to rib height ratios of 10.5 and 21, and vortex generator-rib spacing to rib height ratios of 0.55 and 1.5. Centerline and spanwise-averaged Sherwood number ratios are presented along with contours of the Sherwood number ratios. Results indicate that the vortex generators lead to substantial increases in the local mass transfer rates, particularly along the side walls, and modest increases in the average mass transfer rates. The vortex generators have the effect of making the interrib profiles along the ribbed walls more uniform. Along the side walls, vortices that characterize the vortex generator wake are associated with significant mass transfer enhancements. The wake effects and the levels of enhancement decrease somewhat with increasing Reynolds number and decreasing pitch.

  2. Ultra High Mass Range Mass Spectrometer System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reilly, Peter T. A. [Knoxville, TN

    2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Applicant's present invention comprises mass spectrometer systems that operate in a mass range from 1 to 10.sup.16 DA. The mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system comprising an aerodynamic lens system, a reverse jet being a gas flux generated in an annulus moving in a reverse direction and a multipole ion guide; a digital ion trap; and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises a quadrupole mass spectrometer system comprising an inlet system having a quadrupole mass filter and a thermal vaporization/ionization detector system. Applicant's present invention further comprises an inlet system for use with a mass spectrometer system, a method for slowing energetic particles using an inlet system. Applicant's present invention also comprises a detector device and a method for detecting high mass charged particles.

  3. Effective Mass and Energy-Mass Relationship

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viktor Ariel

    2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The particle effective mass is often a challenging concept in solid state physics due to the many different definitions of the effective mass that are routinely used. Also, the most commonly used theoretical definition of the effective mass was derived from the assumption of a parabolic energy-momentum relationship, E(p), and therefore should not be applied to non-parabolic materials. In this paper, we use wave-particle duality to derive a definition of the effective mass and the energy-mass approximation suitable for non-parabolic materials. The new energy-mass relationship can be considered a generalization of Einstein's E=mc^2 suitable for arbitrary E(p) and therefore applicable to solid state materials and devices. We show that the resulting definition of the effective mass seems suitable for non-paraboic solid state materials such as HgCdTe, GaAs, and graphene.

  4. Sets of Symmetry Breaking Constraints Barbara M. Smith

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Barbara M.

    Sets of Symmetry Breaking Constraints Barbara M. Smith Cork Constraint Computation Centre, University College Cork, Ireland b.m.smith@4c.ucc.ie Abstract [Puget, 2004] has shown that if the symmetry

  5. Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud Hottelier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodik, Rastisla

    Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud Hottelier James Ide Doug Kimelman Ras Bodik Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley Technical Report to lists, requires prior specific permission. #12;Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud

  6. Mechanical constraints enhance electrical energy densities of soft dielectrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferrari, Silvia

    Mechanical constraints enhance electrical energy densities of soft dielectrics Lin Zhang, Qiming, the dielectric will breakdown electrically. The breakdown limits the electrical energy density of the dielectric electric fields and thus increase their electrical energy densities. The mechanical constraints suppress

  7. Dynamic Flexible Constraint Satisfaction and it's Application to AI Planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miguel, Ian

    Constraints are a natural means of knowledage representation in many disparate fields. A constraint often takes the form of an equation or inequality, but in the most abstract senseis simply a logical relation among several ...

  8. The Mass of the Milky Way Galaxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher S. Kochanek

    1995-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the Jaffe model as a global mass distribution for the Galaxy and determine the circular velocity $v_c$ and the Jaffe radius $r_j$ using the satellites of the Galaxy, estimates of the local escape velocity of stars, the constraints imposed by the known rotation curve of the disk, and the Local Group timing model. The models include the systematic uncertainties in the isotropy of the satellite orbits, the form of the stellar distribution function near the escape velocity, and the ellipticity of the M31/Galaxy orbit. If we include the Local Group timing constraint, then Leo I is bound, $v_c=230\\pm30\\kms$, and $r_j=180$ kpc (110 kpc $\\ltorder r_j \\ltorder $ 300 kpc) at 90\\% confidence. The satellite orbits are nearly isotropic with $\\beta=1-\\sigma_\\theta^2/\\sigma_r^2=0.07$ ($-0.7 \\ltorder \\beta \\ltorder 0.6$) and the stellar distribution function near the escape velocity is $f(\\epsilon)\\propto \\epsilon^k$ with $k_r=3.7$ ($0.8 \\ltorder k_r \\ltorder 7.6$) where $k_r=k+5/2$. While not an accurate measurement of $k$, it is consistent with models of violent relaxation ($k=3/2$). The mass inside 50 kpc is $(5.4\\pm1.3)\\times 10^{11} M_\\odot$. Higher mass models require that M31 is on its second orbit and that the halo is larger than the classical tidal limit of the binary. Such models must have a significant fraction of the Local Group mass in an extended Local Group halo. Lower mass models require that both M31 and Leo I are unbound, but there is no plausible mechanism to produce the observed deviations of M31 and Leo I from their expected velocities in an unbound system. If we do not use the Local Group timing model, the median mass of the Galaxy {\\it increases} significantly, and the error bars broaden. Using only the satellite, escape velocity, and disk rotation curve constraints, the

  9. Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa

    2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0constraint is found to be p<10^{-10}, which shows that this model is hardly distinguishable from the LambdaCDM cosmology.

  10. Improved constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons from recent Casimir-less experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. L. Klimchitskaya; V. M. Mostepanenko

    2015-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain improved constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons from a recently performed Casimir-less experiment. For this purpose, the differential force between a Au-coated sphere and either Au or Si sectors of a rotating disc, arising due to two-axion exchange, is calculated. Over a wide region of axion masses from 1.7 meV to 0.9 eV the obtained constraints are stronger up to a factor of 60 than the previously known ones following from the Cavendish-type experiment and measurements of the effective Casimir pressure.

  11. Stronger constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons from recent Casimir-less experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klimchitskaya, G L

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain stronger constraints on the coupling constants of axion-like particles to nucleons from a recently performed Casimir-less experiment. For this purpose, the differential force between a Au-coated sphe\\-re and either Au or Si sectors of a rotating disc, arising due to two-axion exchange, is calculated. Over a wide region of axion masses from 1.7 meV to 0.9 eV the obtained constraints are stronger up to a factor of 60 than the previously known ones following from the Cavendish-type experiment and measurements of the effective Casimir pressure.

  12. Technology transfer | Argonne National Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Technology transfer Technology Development and Commercialization at Argonne Read more about Technology Development and Commercialization at Argonne New Director to lead Technology...

  13. OPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitmead, Bob

    , a number of modern model-based control design methods sought to deal with system constraints directlyOPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS Sangho Ko , Robert R. Bitmead 1 with the optimal control problem for systems with state linear equality constraints. For deterministic linear

  14. 4 Editor: Marius C. Silaghi Crossroads in Constraint Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP). The constraints of a CSP are specified as relations on a set of vari- ables. The choice of these variables and formulation of the constraints turns out to be essential that may change in the near future. Fig. 1. Freuderfest location If one views the variables of a CSP

  15. Handling Soft Constraints in the Semantic Web Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Preece, Alun

    for a service-providing agent to reason about its commitments as soft constraints. The two essential of CIF/SWRL. The soft CSP on- tology is intended to be used with CIF/SWRL, but is also potentially usable to the particular constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) in which the constraint is being applied. In relation

  16. Polymer constraint effect for electrothermal bimorph microactuators T. Chu Duca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technische Universiteit Delft

    Polymer constraint effect for electrothermal bimorph microactuators T. Chu Duca Laboratory report on the analysis of the polymer constraint effect and its use for a micromachined electrothermal bimorph actuator. The actuated displacement is enhanced due to the polymer constraint effect. Both

  17. Technology transfer 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Technology Transfer 1995 is intended to inform the US industrial and academic sectors about the many opportunities they have to form partnerships with the US Department of Energy (DOE) for the mutual advantage of the individual institutions, DOE, and the nation as a whole. It also describes some of the growing number of remarkable achievements resulting from such partnerships. These partnership success stories offer ample evidence that Americans are learning how to work together to secure major benefits for the nation--by combining the technological, scientific, and human resources resident in national laboratories with those in industry and academia. The benefits include more and better jobs for Americans, improved productivity and global competitiveness for technology-based industries, and a more efficient government laboratory system.

  18. Heat transfer probe

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frank, Jeffrey I.; Rosengart, Axel J.; Kasza, Ken; Yu, Wenhua; Chien, Tai-Hsin; Franklin, Jeff

    2006-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Apparatuses, systems, methods, and computer code for, among other things, monitoring the health of samples such as the brain while providing local cooling or heating. A representative device is a heat transfer probe, which includes an inner channel, a tip, a concentric outer channel, a first temperature sensor, and a second temperature sensor. The inner channel is configured to transport working fluid from an inner inlet to an inner outlet. The tip is configured to receive at least a portion of the working fluid from the inner outlet. The concentric outer channel is configured to transport the working fluid from the inner outlet to an outer outlet. The first temperature sensor is coupled to the tip, and the second temperature sensor spaced apart from the first temperature sensor.

  19. General Relativistic Radiative Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Knop; P. H. Hauschildt; E. Baron

    2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a general method to calculate radiative transfer including scattering in the continuum as well as in lines in spherically symmetric systems that are influenced by the effects of general relativity (GR). We utilize a comoving wavelength ansatz that allows to resolve spectral lines throughout the atmosphere. The used numerical solution is an operator splitting (OS) technique that uses a characteristic formal solution. The bending of photon paths and the wavelength shifts due to the effects of GR are fully taken into account, as is the treatment of image generation in a curved spacetime. We describe the algorithm we use and demonstrate the effects of GR on the radiative transport of a two level atom line in a neutron star like atmosphere for various combinations of continuous and line scattering coefficients. In addition, we present grey continuum models and discuss the effects of different scattering albedos on the emergent spectra and the determination of effective temperatures and radii of neutron star atmospheres.

  20. Mass spectrometric immunoassay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Randall W; Williams, Peter; Krone, Jennifer Reeve

    2013-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

  1. Mass spectrometric immunoassay

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nelson, Randall W (Phoenix, AZ); Williams, Peter (Phoenix, AZ); Krone, Jennifer Reeve (Granbury, TX)

    2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Rapid mass spectrometric immunoassay methods for detecting and/or quantifying antibody and antigen analytes utilizing affinity capture to isolate the analytes and internal reference species (for quantification) followed by mass spectrometric analysis of the isolated analyte/internal reference species. Quantification is obtained by normalizing and calibrating obtained mass spectrum against the mass spectrum obtained for an antibody/antigen of known concentration.

  2. Solar System constraints to nonminimally coupled gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orfeu Bertolami; Riccardo March; Jorge Páramos

    2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We extend the analysis of Chiba, Smith and Erickcek \\cite{CSE} of Solar System constraints on $f(R)$ gravity to a class of nonminimally coupled (NMC) theories of gravity. These generalize $f(R)$ theories by replacing the action functional of General Relativity (GR) with a more general form involving two functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$ of the Ricci scalar curvature $R$. While the function $f^1(R)$ is a nonlinear term in the action, analogous to $f(R)$ gravity, the function $f^2(R)$ yields a NMC between the matter Lagrangian density $\\LL_m$ and the scalar curvature. The developed method allows for obtaining constraints on the admissible classes of functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$, by requiring that predictions of NMC gravity are compatible with Solar System tests of gravity. We apply this method to a NMC model which accounts for the observed accelerated expansion of the Universe.

  3. Effective Hamiltonian Constraint from Group Field Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Etera R. Livine; Daniele Oriti; James P. Ryan

    2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Spinfoam models provide a covariant formulation of the dynamics of loop quantum gravity. They are non-perturbatively defined in the group field theory (GFT) framework: the GFT partition function defines the sum of spinfoam transition amplitudes over all possible (discretized) geometries and topologies. The issue remains, however, of explicitly relating the specific form of the group field theory action and the canonical Hamiltonian constraint. Here, we suggest an avenue for addressing this issue. Our strategy is to expand group field theories around non-trivial classical solutions and to interpret the induced quadratic kinematical term as defining a Hamiltonian constraint on the group field and thus on spin network wave functions. We apply our procedure to Boulatov group field theory for 3d Riemannian gravity. Finally, we discuss the relevance of understanding the spectrum of this Hamiltonian operator for the renormalization of group field theories.

  4. Solar system constraints on Rindler acceleration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sante Carloni; Daniel Grumiller; Florian Preis

    2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the classical tests of general relativity in the presence of Rindler acceleration. Among these tests the perihelion shifts give the tightest constraints and indicate that the Pioneer anomaly cannot be caused by a universal solar system Rindler acceleration. We address potential caveats for massive test-objects. Our tightest bound on Rindler acceleration that comes with no caveats is derived from radar echo delay and yields |a|<3nm/s^2.

  5. From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flener, Pierre

    From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance From Space to Smart 2009 1 / 43 #12;From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance Outline 1 to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance Motivation: Contextualized Proactive

  6. Improved ion optics for introduction of ions into a 9.4-T Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yu; Leach, Franklin E.; Kaiser, Nathan K.; Dang, Xibei; Ibrahim, Yehia M.; Norheim, Randolph V.; Anderson, Gordon A.; Smith, Richard D.; Marshall, Alan G.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry provides unparalleled mass accuracy and resolving power.[1],[2] With electrospray ionization (ESI), ions are typically transferred into the mass spectrometer through a skimmer, which serves as a conductance-limiting orifice. However, the skimmer allows only a small fraction of incoming ions to enter the mass spectrometer. An ion funnel, originally developed by Smith and coworkers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)[3-5] provides much more efficient ion focusing and transfer. The large entrance aperture of the ion funnel allows almost all ions emanating from a heated capillary to be efficiently captured and transferred, resulting in nearly lossless transmission.

  7. Emulating quantum state transfer through a spin-1 chain on a 1D lattice of superconducting qutrits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joydip Ghosh

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Spin-1 systems, in comparison to spin-1/2 systems, offer a better security for encoding and transfer of quantum information, primarily due to their larger Hilbert spaces. Superconducting artificial atoms possess multiple energy-levels, thereby capable of emulating higher-spin systems. Here we consider a 1D lattice of nearest-neighbor-coupled superconducting transmon systems, and devise a scheme to transfer an arbitrary qutrit-state (a state encoded in a three-level quantum system) across the chain. We assume adjustable couplings between adjacent transmons, derive an analytic constraint for the control-pulse, and show how to satisfy the constraint to achieve a high-fidelity state-transfer under current experimental conditions. Our protocol thus enables enhanced quantum communication and information processing with promising superconducting qutrits.

  8. New Constraints on the Composition of Jupiter from Galileo Measurements and Interior Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tristan Guillot; Daniel Gautier; William B. Hubbard

    1997-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the helium abundance measured by Galileo in the atmosphere of Jupiter and interior models reproducing the observed external gravitational field, we derive new constraints on the composition and structure of the planet. We conclude that, except for helium which must be more abundant in the metallic interior than in the molecular envelope, Jupiter could be homogeneous (no core) or could have a central dense core up to 12 Earth masses. The mass fraction of heavy elements is less than 7.5 times the solar value in the metallic envelope and between 1 and 7.2 times solar in the molecular envelope. The total amount of elements other than hydrogen and helium in the planet is between 11 and 45 Earth masses.

  9. Imaging mass spectrometer with mass tags

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Felton, James S.; Wu, Kuang Jen; Knize, Mark G.; Kulp, Kristen S.; Gray, Joe W.

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of analyzing biological material by exposing the biological material to a recognition element, that is coupled to a mass tag element, directing an ion beam of a mass spectrometer to the biological material, interrogating at least one region of interest area from the biological material and producing data, and distributing the data in plots.

  10. Imaging mass spectrometer with mass tags

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Felton, James S.; Wu, Kuang Jen J.; Knize, Mark G.; Kulp, Kristen S.; Gray, Joe W.

    2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of analyzing biological material by exposing the biological material to a recognition element, that is coupled to a mass tag element, directing an ion beam of a mass spectrometer to the biological material, interrogating at least one region of interest area from the biological material and producing data, and distributing the data in plots.

  11. Constraints on decaying dark matter from Fermi observations of nearby galaxies and clusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dugger, Leanna; Profumo, Stefano [Department of Astronomy and Department of Physics, University of California Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA (United States); Jeltema, Tesla E., E-mail: greentee01@gmail.com, E-mail: tesla@ucolick.org, E-mail: profumo@scipp.ucsc.edu [UCO/Lick Observatories, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the impact of Fermi gamma-ray observations (primarily non-detections) of selected nearby galaxies, including dwarf spheroidals, and of clusters of galaxies on decaying dark matter models. We show that the fact that galaxy clusters do not shine in gamma rays puts the most stringent limits available to-date on the lifetime of dark matter particles for a wide range of particle masses and decay final states. In particular, our results put strong constraints on the possibility of ascribing to decaying dark matter both the increasing positron fraction reported by PAMELA and the high-energy feature in the electron-positron spectrum measured by Fermi. Observations of nearby dwarf galaxies and of the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) do not provide as strong limits as those from galaxy clusters, while still improving on previous constraints in some cases.

  12. New axion and hidden photon constraints from a solar data global fit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vinyoles, Núria; Villante, Francesco L; Basu, Sarbani; Redondo, Javier; Isern, Jordi

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new statistical analysis that combines helioseismology (sound speed, surface helium and convective radius) and solar neutrino observations (boron and beryllium fluxes) to place upper limits to the properties of non standard weakly interacting particles. Our analysis includes theoretical and observational errors, accounts for tensions between input parameters of solar models and can be easily extended to include other observational constraints. We present two applications to test the method: the well studied case of axions and axion-like particles and the more novel case of low mass hidden photons. For axions we obtain an upper limit at 3 sigma for the axion-photon coupling constant of g_a-gamma solar constraints based on the Standard Solar Models showing the power of our global statistical ap...

  13. Timing constraints on the position and velocity vectors of pulsars at the Galactic centre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Pierre

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the effect of orbital Doppler shift on the period derivatives of pulsars at the Galactic centre. In particular, measuring $\\ddot{P}$ sets a new constraint on the phase space coordinates of the pulsar's orbit. In conjunction with a measurement of the pulsar's line of sight distance (e.g. via parallax), its proper motion, and its projected separation from the supermassive black hole, Sgr A*, this new constraint allows for the recovery of the pulsar's six phase space coordinates. If supplemented by a measurement of the orbital spindown rate $\\dot{P}_O$ or the third period derivative $\\dddot{P}$, one can use multiple pulsars at different distances from Sgr A* to determine the radial mass distribution of stars and stellar remnants at the Galactic centre.

  14. Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinberg, Dave; Gagliardi, Christopher J.; Hull, Jonathan F; Murphy, Christine Fecenko; Kent, Caleb A.; Westlake, Brittany C.; Paul, Amit; Ess, Daniel H; McCafferty, Dewey Granville; Meyer, Thomas J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer (PCET) describes reactions in which there is a change in both electron and proton content between reactants and products. It originates from the influence of changes in electron content on acid?base properties and provides a molecular-level basis for energy transduction between proton transfer and electron transfer. Coupled electron?proton transfer or EPT is defined as an elementary step in which electrons and protons transfer from different orbitals on the donor to different orbitals on the acceptor. There is (usually) a clear distinction between EPT and H-atom transfer (HAT) or hydride transfer, in which the transferring electrons and proton come from the same bond. Hybrid mechanisms exist in which the elementary steps are different for the reaction partners. EPT pathways such as PhO•/PhOH exchange have much in common with HAT pathways in that electronic coupling is significant, comparable to the reorganization energy with H{sub DA} ~ ?. Multiple-Site Electron?Proton Transfer (MS-EPT) is an elementary step in which an electron?proton donor transfers electrons and protons to different acceptors, or an electron?proton acceptor accepts electrons and protons from different donors. It exploits the long-range nature of electron transfer while providing for the short-range nature of proton transfer. A variety of EPT pathways exist, creating a taxonomy based on what is transferred, e.g., 1e{sup -}/2H{sup +} MS-EPT. PCET achieves “redox potential leveling” between sequential couples and the buildup of multiple redox equivalents, which is of importance in multielectron catalysis. There are many examples of PCET and pH-dependent redox behavior in metal complexes, in organic and biological molecules, in excited states, and on surfaces. Changes in pH can be used to induce electron transfer through films and over long distances in molecules. Changes in pH, induced by local electron transfer, create pH gradients and a driving force for long-range proton transfer in Photosysem II and through other biological membranes. In EPT, simultaneous transfer of electrons and protons occurs on time scales short compared to the periods of coupled vibrations and solvent modes. A theory for EPT has been developed which rationalizes rate constants and activation barriers, includes temperature- and driving force (?G)-dependences implicitly, and explains kinetic isotope effects. The distance-dependence of EPT is dominated by the short-range nature of proton transfer, with electron transfer being far less demanding.Changes in external pH do not affect an EPT elementary step. Solvent molecules or buffer components can act as proton donor acceptors, but individual H2O molecules are neither good bases (pK{sub a}(H{sub 3}O{sup +}) = ?1.74) nor good acids (pK{sub a}(H{sub 2}O) = 15.7). There are many examples of mechanisms in chemistry, in biology, on surfaces, and in the gas phase which utilize EPT. PCET and EPT play critical roles in the oxygen evolving complex (OEC) of Photosystem II and other biological reactions by decreasing driving force and avoiding high-energy intermediates.

  15. Neutrino mass matrix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Capps, R.H.; Strobel, E.L.

    1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is assumed that the Dirac mass matrix for the neutrinos (..nu../sub e/,..nu../sub ..mu../,..nu../sub tau/) is similar in form to those for the quarks and charged leptons, and that the smallness of the observed ..nu.. masses results from the Gell-Mann--Ramond--Slansky mechanism. It is shown that if certain tentative experimental results concerning the ..nu.. masses and mixing angles are confirmed, significant limitations may be placed on the Majorana mass matrix. The most satisfactory simple assumption concerning the Majorana mass matrix is that it is approximately proportional to the Dirac mass matrix. Some general properties of the Dirac matrices are discussed.

  16. Modlisation du transfert de chaleur et de masse : impact de la permabilit l'air et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    benchmark HAMSTAD WP2. Numerical and experimental results from hemp concrete wall submitted to real climatic numérique, béton de chanvre, hystérésis. KEYWORDS: transfer, mass, heat, numerical model, hemp concrete

  17. Can Neutrinos be Degenerate in Mass?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Ellis; Smaragda Lola

    1999-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We reconsider the possibility that the masses of the three light neutrinos of the Standard Model might be almost degenerate and close to the present upper limits from Tritium beta decay and cosmology. In such a scenario, the cancellations required by the latest upper limit on neutrinoless double-beta decay enforce near-maximal mixing that may be compatible only with the vacuum-oscillation scenario for solar neutrinos. We argue that the mixing angles yielded by degenerate neutrino mass-matrix textures are not in general stable under small perturbations. We evaluate within the MSSM the generation-dependent one-loop renormalization of neutrino mass-matrix textures that yielded degenerate masses and large mixing at the tree level. We find that m_{nu_e} > m_{nu_mu} > m_{nu_tau} after renormalization, excluding MSW effects on solar neutrinos. We verify that bimaximal mixing is not stable, and show that the renormalized masses and mixing angles are not compatible with all the experimental constraints, even for tanbeta as low as unity. These results hold whether the neutrino masses are generated by a see-saw mechanism with heavy neutrinos weighing approx. 10^{13} GeV or by non-renormalizable interactions at a scale approx. 10^5 GeV. We also comment on the corresponding renormalization effects in the minimal Standard Model, in which m_{nu_e} < m_{nu_mu} < m_{nu_tau}. Although a solar MSW effect is now possible, the perturbed neutrino masses and mixings are still not compatible with atmospheric- and solar-neutrino data.

  18. Constraints on warm dark matter from weak lensing in anomalous quadruple lenses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiki Taro Inoue; Ryuichi Takahashi; Tomo Takahashi; Tomoaki Ishiyama

    2015-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the weak lensing effect by line-of-sight structures with a surface mass density of solar mass/arcsec^2 in QSO-galaxy quadruple lens systems. Using high-resolution N-body simulations in warm dark matter (WDM) models and observed four quadruple lenses that show anomalies in the flux ratios, we obtain constraints on the mass of thermal WDM, m_WDM>= 1.3keV(95%CL) assuming that the density of the primary lens is described by a singular isothermal ellipsoid (SIE). The obtained constraint is consistent with those from Lyman-$\\alpha$ forests and the number counts of high-redshift galaxies at z>4. Our results show that WDM with a free-streaming comoving wavenumber k_{fs} <= 27 h/Mpc is disfavored as the major component of cosmological density at redshifts 0.5 <~ z <~ 4 provided that the SIE models describe the gravitational potentials of the primary lenses correctly.

  19. EMSL - Mass Spectrometry

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    mass-spectrometry Proteomics Capabilities High resolution and mass accuracy Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) spectrometers, from 6 Tesla (T) to 15T and 21T in...

  20. Glutamine-Binding Protein from Escherichia Coli Specifically Binds a Wheat Gliadin Peptide. 2. Resonance Energy Transfer Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    fluorescence energy transfer, polarization, and solvent sensitiv- ity have been shown to offer high signal- to. Resonance Energy Transfer Studies Suggest a New Sensing Approach for an Easy Detection of Wheat Gliadin for celiac patients. Affinity chromatography experiments together with mass spectrometry experiments demon

  1. Comparison of heat transfer characteristics of axisymmetric and two dimensional reattachment jet nozzles to conventional jet impingement nozzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayanan, Vinod

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Radial Jet Reattachment (RJR) nozzle was developed over the past decade as a modification of the In-Line Jet (ILJ) nozzle in order to enhance the heat and mass transfer characteristics of the ILJ nozzle. This research compares the heat transfer...

  2. Constraints on New Gravitylike Forces in the Nanometer Range

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamiya, Y; Tani, M; Kim, G N; Komamiya, S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a new constraint on gravitylike short-range forces, in which the interaction charge is mass, obtained by measuring the angular distribution of 5 A neutrons scattering off atomic xenon gas. Around 10^7 scattering events were collected at the 40 m small angle neutron scattering beam line located at the HANARO research reactor of the Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute. The extracted coupling strengths of new forces in the Yukawa-type parametrization are g^2 = (0.2 \\pm 6.8 \\pm 2.0) \\times 10^-15 GeV^2 and g^2 = (-5.3 \\pm 9.0 + 2.7 -2.8) \\times 10^-17 GeV^2 for interaction ranges of 0.1 and 1.0 nm, respectively. These strengths correspond to 95% confidence level limits of g^2 < (1.4 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^-14 GeV^-2 and g^2 < (1.3 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^-16 GeV^-2, improving the current limits for interaction ranges between 4 and 0.04 nm by a factor of up to 10.

  3. Updated Constraints on General Squark Flavor Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arana-Catania, M; Herrero, M J

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the phenomenological implications on non-minimal flavor violating (NMFV) processes from squark flavor mixing within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We work under the model-independent hypothesis of general flavor mixing in the squark sector, being parametrized by a complete set of dimensionless delta^AB_ij (A,B = L, R; i,j = u, c, t or d, s, b) parameters. The present upper bounds on the most relevant NMFV processes, together with the requirement of compatibility in the choice of the MSSM parameters with the recent LHC and g-2 data, lead to updated constraints on all squark flavor mixing parameters.

  4. Nonlinear constraints on gravity from entanglement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shamik Banerjee; Apratim Kaviraj; Aninda Sinha

    2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the positivity of relative entropy arising from the Ryu-Takayanagi formula for spherical entangling surfaces, we obtain constraints at the nonlinear level for the gravitational dual. We calculate the Green's function necessary to compute the first order correction to the entangling surface and use this to find the relative entropy for non-constant stress tensors in a derivative expansion. We show that the Einstein value satisfies the positivity condition while the multi-dimensional parameter space away from it gets constrained.

  5. Constraints on secret neutrino interactions after Planck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forastieri, Francesco; Natoli, Paolo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Abridged) Neutrino interactions beyond the standard model may affect the cosmological evolution and can be constrained through observations. We consider the possibility that neutrinos possess secret scalar or pseudoscalar interactions mediated by the Nambu-Goldstone boson of a still unknown spontaneously broken global $U(1)$ symmetry, as in, e.g. , Majoron models. In such scenarios, neutrinos still decouple at $T\\simeq 1$ MeV, but become tightly coupled again ('recouple') at later stages of the cosmological evolution. We use available observations of CMB anisotropies, including Planck 2013 and the joint BICEP2/Planck 2015 data, to derive constraints on the quantity $\\gamma_{\

  6. Constraints on secret neutrino interactions after Planck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco Forastieri; Massimiliano Lattanzi; Paolo Natoli

    2015-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    (Abridged) Neutrino interactions beyond the standard model may affect the cosmological evolution and can be constrained through observations. We consider the possibility that neutrinos possess secret scalar or pseudoscalar interactions mediated by the Nambu-Goldstone boson of a still unknown spontaneously broken global $U(1)$ symmetry, as in, e.g. , Majoron models. In such scenarios, neutrinos still decouple at $T\\simeq 1$ MeV, but become tightly coupled again ('recouple') at later stages of the cosmological evolution. We use available observations of CMB anisotropies, including Planck 2013 and the joint BICEP2/Planck 2015 data, to derive constraints on the quantity $\\gamma_{\

  7. Elbow mass flow meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McFarland, Andrew R. (College Station, TX); Rodgers, John C. (Santa Fe, NM); Ortiz, Carlos A. (Bryan, TX); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elbow mass flow meter. The present invention includes a combination of an elbow pressure drop generator and a shunt-type mass flow sensor for providing an output which gives the mass flow rate of a gas that is nearly independent of the density of the gas. For air, the output is also approximately independent of humidity.

  8. Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project Technology Transfer for Brownfields Redevelopment Project The U.S. Department of Energy has provided six computers to...

  9. Transfer Factors for Contaminant Uptake by Fruit and Nut Trees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napier, Bruce A.; Fellows, Robert J.; Minc, Leah D.

    2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Transfer of radionuclides from soils into plants is one of the key mechanisms for long-term contamination of the human food chain. Nearly all computer models that address soil-to-plant uptake of radionuclides use empirically-derived transfer factors to address this process. Essentially all available soil-to-plant transfer factors are based on measurements in annual crops. Because very few measurements are available for tree fruits, samples were taken of alfalfa and oats and the stems, leaves, and fruits and nuts of almond, apple, apricot, carob, fig, grape, nectarine, pecan, pistachio (natural and grafted), and pomegranate, along with local surface soil. The samples were dried, ground, weighed, and analyzed for trace constituents through a combination of induction-coupled plasma mass spectrometry and instrumental neutron activation analysis for a wide range of naturally-occurring elements. Analysis results are presented and converted to soil-to-plant transfer factors. These are compared to commonly used and internationally recommended values. Those determined for annual crops are very similar to commonly-used values; those determined for tree fruits show interesting differences. Most macro- and micronutrients are slightly reduced in fruits; non-essential elements are reduced further. These findings may be used in existing computer models and may allow development of tree-fruit-specific transfer models.

  10. A Generalization of Generalized Arc Consistency: From Constraint Satisfaction to Constraint-Based Inference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mackworth, Alan K.

    -binary classic con- straint satisfaction problems (CSPs). Based on the Semiring CSP and Valued CSP frameworks CSP, probabilistic CSP, max CSP, and weighted CSP. This extension is based on an idempotent satisfaction problem (CSP), local consistency can be characterized as deriving new constraints based on local

  11. Quark-Meson Coupling Model, Nuclear Matter Constraints and Neutron Star Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whittenbury, D L; Thomas, A W; Tsushima, K; Stone, J R

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the equation of state for nuclear matter in the quark-meson coupling model, including full Fock terms. The comparison with phenomenological constraints can be used to restrict the few additional parameters appearing in the Fock terms which are not present at Hartree level. Because the model is based upon the in-medium modification of the quark structure of the bound hadrons, it can be applied without additional parameters to include hyperons and to calculate the equation of state of dense matter in beta-equilibrium. This leads naturally to a study of the properties of neutron stars, including their maximum mass, their radii and density profiles.

  12. Knowledge Capture and Transfer Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Learning and Workforce Development is working with Heads of Departmental Elements, DOE senior leaders and subject-matter-experts to capture and transfer the knowledge and experiences...

  13. Preparing for Transfer Biological Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Environmental Engineering Game Design Industrial Systems & Information Technology Information Science MaterialsPreparing for Transfer Majors: Biological Engineering Chemical Engineering Civil Engineering Computer Science Electrical & Computer Engineering Engineering Physics Environmental Engineering

  14. Planck constraints on holographic dark energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Miao; Zhang, Zhenhui [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Li, Xiao-Dong [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Hoegiro 87, Dongdaemun-Gu, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Ma, Yin-Zhe [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z1, BC Canada (Canada); Zhang, Xin, E-mail: mli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: xiaodongli@kias.re.kr, E-mail: mayinzhe@phas.ubc.ca, E-mail: zhangxin@mail.neu.edu.cn, E-mail: zhangzhh@itp.ac.cn [College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China)

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform a detailed investigation on the cosmological constraints on the holographic dark energy (HDE) model by using the Plank data. We find that HDE can provide a good fit to the Plank high-l (l ?> 40) temperature power spectrum, while the discrepancy at l ? 20-40 found in the ?CDM model remains unsolved in the HDE model. The Plank data alone can lead to strong and reliable constraint on the HDE parameter c. At the 68% confidence level (CL), we obtain c = 0.508 ± 0.207 with Plank+WP+lensing, favoring the present phantom behavior of HDE at the more than 2? CL. By combining Plank+WP with the external astrophysical data sets, i.e. the BAO measurements from 6dFGS+SDSS DR7(R)+BOSS DR9, the direct Hubble constant measurement result (H{sub 0} = 73.8 ± 2.4 kms{sup ?1}Mpc{sup ?1}) from the HST, the SNLS3 supernovae data set, and Union2.1 supernovae data set, we get the 68% CL constraint results c = 0.484 ± 0.070, 0.474 ± 0.049, 0.594 ± 0.051, and 0.642 ± 0.066, respectively. The constraints can be improved by 2%-15% if we further add the Plank lensing data into the analysis. Compared with the WMAP-9 results, the Plank results reduce the error by 30%-60%, and prefer a phantom-like HDE at higher significant level. We also investigate the tension between different data sets. We find no evident tension when we combine Plank data with BAO and HST. Especially, we find that the strong correlation between ?{sub m}h{sup 3} and dark energy parameters is helpful in relieving the tension between the Plank and HST measurements. The residual value of ?{sup 2}{sub Plank+WP+HST}??{sup 2}{sub Plank+WP} is 7.8 in the ?CDM model, and is reduced to 1.0 or 0.3 if we switch the dark energy to w model or the holographic model. When we introduce supernovae data sets into the analysis, some tension appears. We find that the SNLS3 data set is in tension with all other data sets; for example, for the Plank+WP, WMAP-9 and BAO+HST, the corresponding ??{sup 2} is equal to 6.4, 3.5 and 4.1, respectively. As a comparison, the Union2.1 data set is consistent with these three data sets, but the combination Union2.1+BAO+HST is in tension with Plank+WP+lensing, corresponding to a large ??{sup 2} that is equal to 8.6 (1.4% probability). Thus, combining internal inconsistent data sets (SNIa+BAO+HST with Plank+WP+lensing) can lead to ambiguous results, and it is necessary to perform the HDE data analysis for each independent data sets. Our tightest self-consistent constraint is c = 0.495 ± 0.039 obtained from Plank+WP+BAO+HST+lensing.

  15. Auxiliary quantization constraints on the von Roos ordering-ambiguity at zero binding energies; azimuthally symmetrized cylindrical coordinates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omar Mustafa

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using azimuthally symmetrized cylindrical coordinates, we report the consequences of zero-energy quantal states on the von Roos Hamiltonian. A position-dependent mass M({\\rho},\\phi,z)=bz^{j}{\\rho}^{2\\u{psion}+1}/2 is used. We show that the zero-energy setting not only offers an additional degree of freedom towards feasible separability for the von Roos Hamiltonian, but also manifestly yields auxiliary quantized ambiguity parametric constraints.

  16. Quark mass variation constraints from Big Bang nucleosynthesis | SciTech

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilAElectronicCurvesSpeedingScientificof ScientificQ LA-UR- " "

  17. Control problems with mixed constraints and application to an ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract We discuss two optimal control problems of parabolic equations, with mixed state and control constraints, for which the standard qualification condition

  18. Consistent Query Answering Of Conjunctive Queries Under Primary Key Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pema, Enela

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Queries and Primary Key Constraints . . . . . . . . . .of Employee w.r.t. the primary key SSN ? {name, salary} . .query answering under primary keys: a characterization of

  19. A Taxonomy of Constraints in Simulation-Based Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sébastien Le Digabel

    2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    May 28, 2015 ... A Taxonomy of Constraints in Simulation-Based Optimization. Sébastien Le Digabel(sebastien.le.digabel ***at*** gerad.ca) Stefan M. Wild(wild ...

  20. Boolean Satisfiability with Transitivity Constraints Randal E. Bryant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Randal E.

    Boolean Satisfiability with Transitivity Constraints Randal E. Bryant ¡ and Miroslav N. Velev ¢ £ Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA Randy.Bryant@cs.cmu.edu¤ Electrical

  1. A Taxonomy of Constraints in Simulation-Based Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    (e.g., hidden constraints) for a historical perspective, and we illustrate the use of ..... Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 6 (

  2. Neurophenomenological Constraints and Pushing Back the Subjectivity Barrier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacLennan, Bruce

    Neurophenomenological Constraints and Pushing Back the Subjectivity Barrier Extended commentary inversions), without appealing to weak arguments based on basic color categories; that is, I suggest

  3. animal productivity constraints: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    invariance with an elementary Higgs doublet implies that they also contribute to Higgs boson production at the LHC and we study the corresponding constraints that can be placed...

  4. Optimization Online - A cone-continuity constraint qualification and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Andreani

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 13, 2015 ... A cone-continuity constraint qualification and algorithmic consequences. Roberto Andreani(andreani ***at*** ime.unicamp.br) Jose Mario ...

  5. Towards an Optimal Approach to Soft Constraint Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, Karen

    these constraints. In this case, it is desirable to find a design that satisfies a given finite set of inequality/equality

  6. Optimization Online - Control problems with mixed constraints and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Fr d ric Bonnans

    2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 4, 2009 ... ... mixed constraints and application to an optimal investment problem ... of a control entering linearly in the state equation and cost function, we ...

  7. Constraints On The Mechanism Of Long-Term, Steady Subsidence...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    constraints are unavailable, or if only vertical deformation is known. The deformation source must be capable of causing broad vertical deformation with comparatively smaller...

  8. Optimization Online - A Constraint-Reduced Algorithm for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sungwoo Park

    2015-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    May 21, 2015 ... Park and O'Leary proposed a constraint-reduced predictor-corrector algorithm for semidefinite programming with polynomial global ...

  9. A Constraint-reduced Algorithm for Semidefinite Optimization ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Jun 2, 2015 ... More recently, Park and O'Leary [26, 27] developed a constraint- reduced predictor-corrector IPM for SDP and proved its polynomial global ...

  10. Threshold Boolean Form for Joint Probabilistic Constraints with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    probabilistic constraint with random technology matrix that ensures that the r inequalities TT i x ? di ...... Families of Problem Instances (|?|, p,r,|J|,U). Average

  11. Tractable counterparts of distributionally robust constraints on risk ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzysztof Postek

    2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    May 22, 2014 ... Abstract: In this paper we study distributionally robust constraints on risk measures (such as standard deviation less the mean, Conditional ...

  12. Radiative inverse seesaw neutrino mass and dark matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo Gang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China); He Xiaogang [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai (China) and Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, and NCTS, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Li Guannan [INPAC, Department of Physics and Shanghai Key Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Taiwan (China)

    2013-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Seesaw mechanism provides a natural explanation of light neutrino masses through suppression of heavy seesaw scale. In inverse seesaw models the seesaw scale can be much lower than that in the usual seesaw models. If terms inducing seesaw masses are further induced by loop corrections, the seesaw scale can be lowered to be in the range probed by experiments at the LHC without fine tuning. This talk, presented by X-G He, discuss models constructed in a recent preprint by us (arxiv:201207.6308) in which neutrino masses are generated at two loop level through inverse seesaw mechanism. These models also naturally have dark matter candidates. Although the recent data from Xenon100 put stringent constraint on the models, they can be consistent with data on neutrino masses, mixing, dark matter relic density and direct detection.

  13. An improved cosmological bound on the thermal axion mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alessandro Melchiorri; Olga Mena; Anze Slosar

    2007-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Relic thermal axions could play the role of an extra hot dark matter component in cosmological structure formation theories. By combining the most recent observational data we improve previous cosmological bounds on the axion mass m_a in the so-called hadronic axion window. We obtain a limit on the axion mass m_a axion mass. If neutrino masses belong to an inverted hierarchy scheme, for example, the above constraint is improved to m_a < 0.38eV at the 95% c.l. (m_a < 0.67eV at the 99% c.l.). Future data from experiments as CAST will provide a direct test of the cosmological bound.

  14. On the robustness of cosmological axion mass limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Valentino, Eleonora; Giusarma, Elena; Mena, Olga

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present cosmological bounds on the thermal axion mass in an extended cosmological scenario in which the primordial power spectrum of scalar perturbations differs from the usual power-law shape predicted by the simplest inflationary models. The power spectrum is instead modeled by means of a "piecewise cubic Hermite interpolating polynomial" (PCHIP). When using Cosmic Microwave Background measurements combined with other cosmological data sets, the thermal axion mass constraints are degraded only slightly. The addition of the measurements of $\\sigma_8$ and $\\Omega_m$ from the 2013 Planck cluster catalogue on galaxy number counts relaxes the bounds on the thermal axion mass, mildly favouring a $\\sim 1$~eV axion mass, regardless of the model adopted for the primordial power spectrum.

  15. Loop-induced Neutrino Masses: A Case Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geng, Chao-Qiang; Tsai, Lu-Hsing

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the cocktail model in which the Majorana neutrino masses are generated by the so-called "cocktail" three-loop diagrams with the dark matter particle running in the loops. In particular, we give the correct analytic expressions of the neutrino masses in the model by the detailed calculation of the cocktail diagrams. Based on the reliable numerical calculation of the loop integrals, we explore the parameter space which can give the correct orders of neutrino masses while satisfying other experimental constraints, such as those from the neutrinoless double beta decay, low-energy lepton flavor violation processes, electroweak precision tests, and collider searches. As a result, the large couplings and the large mass difference between the two singly-charged (neutral) scalars are required.

  16. Renormalization of a two-loop neutrino mass model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Babu, K. S. [Department of Physics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078 (United States); Julio, J. [Fisika LIPI, Kompleks Puspiptek Serpong, Tangerang 15310, Indonesia and Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova Cesta 39, 1001 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the renormalization group structure of a radiative neutrino mass model consisting of a singly charged and a doubly charged scalar fields. Small Majorana neutrino masses are generated by the exchange of these scalars via two-loop diagrams. We derive boundedness conditions for the Higgs potential and show how they can be satisfied to energies up to the Planck scale. Combining boundedness and perturbativity constraints with neutrino oscillation phenomenology, new limits on the masses and couplings of the charged scalars are derived. These in turn lead to lower limits on the branching ratios for certain lepton flavor violating (LFV) processes such as ??e?, ??3e and ? – e conversion in nuclei. Improved LFV measurements could test the model, especially in the case of inverted neutrino mass hierarchy where these are more prominent.

  17. Method for increasing the dynamic range of mass spectrometers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Belov, Mikhail; Smith, Richard D.; Udseth, Harold R.

    2004-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for enhancing the dynamic range of a mass spectrometer by first passing a sample of ions through the mass spectrometer having a quadrupole ion filter, whereupon the intensities of the mass spectrum of the sample are measured. From the mass spectrum, ions within this sample are then identified for subsequent ejection. As further sampling introduces more ions into the mass spectrometer, the appropriate rf voltages are applied to a quadrupole ion filter, thereby selectively ejecting the undesired ions previously identified. In this manner, the desired ions may be collected for longer periods of time in an ion trap, thus allowing better collection and subsequent analysis of the desired ions. The ion trap used for accumulation may be the same ion trap used for mass analysis, in which case the mass analysis is performed directly, or it may be an intermediate trap. In the case where collection is an intermediate trap, the desired ions are accumulated in the intermediate trap, and then transferred to a separate mass analyzer. The present invention finds particular utility where the mass analysis is performed in an ion trap mass spectrometer or a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer.

  18. NUCLEAR CONSTRAINTS ON PROPERTIES OF NEUTRON STAR CRUSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu Jun; Chen Liewen; Ma Hongru [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Li Baoan [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX 75429-3011 (United States)], E-mail: xujun@comp.tamu.edu, E-mail: hrma@sjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: lwchen@sjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: Bao-An_Li@tamu-commerce.edu

    2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The transition density {rho} {sub t} and pressure P{sub t} at the inner edge separating the liquid core from the solid crust of neutron stars are systematically studied using a modified Gogny (MDI) and 51 popular Skyrme interactions within well established dynamical and thermodynamical methods. First of all, it is shown that the widely used parabolic approximation to the full equation of state (EOS) of isospin asymmetric nuclear matter may lead to huge errors in estimating the transition density and pressure, especially for stiffer symmetry energy functionals E {sub sym}({rho}), compared to calculations using the full EOS within both the dynamical and thermodynamical methods mainly because of the energy curvatures involved. Thus, fine details of the EOS of asymmetric nuclear matter are important for locating accurately the inner edge of the neutron star crust. Second, the transition density and pressure decrease roughly linearly with increasing slope parameter L of E {sub sym}({rho}) at normal nuclear matter density using the full EOS within both the dynamical and thermodynamical methods. It is also shown that the thickness, fractional mass, and moment of inertia of the neutron star crust are all very sensitive to the parameter L through the transition density {rho} {sub t} whether one uses the full EOS or its parabolic approximation. Moreover, it is shown that E {sub sym}({rho}) constrained in the same subsaturation density range as the neutron star crust by the isospin diffusion data in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies limits the transition density and pressure to 0.040 fm{sup -3} {<=}{rho} {sub t} {<=} 0.065 fm{sup -3} and 0.01 MeV fm{sup -3} {<=}P{sub t} {<=} 0.26 MeV fm{sup -3}, respectively. These constrained values for the transition density and pressure are significantly lower than their fiducial values currently used in the literature. Furthermore, the mass-radius relation and several other properties closely related to the neutron star crust are studied by using the MDI interaction. It is found that the newly constrained {rho} {sub t} and P{sub t} together with the earlier estimate of {delta}I/I>0.014 for the crustal fraction of the moment of inertia of the Vela pulsar impose a more stringent constraint of R {>=} 4.7 + 4.0M/M {sub sun} km for the radius R and mass M of neutron stars compared to previous studies in the literature.

  19. Energetics and Dynamics of Electron Transfer and Proton Transfer...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and MnIII(salen)+ with several angiotensin peptide analogs was studied using a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometer (FT-ICR MS) specially equipped to...

  20. Constraints on light neutrino parameters derived from the study of neutrinoless double beta decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sabin Stoica; Andrei Neacsu

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of the neutrinoless double beta ($0 \\beta\\beta$) decay mode can provide us with important information on the neutrino properties, particularly on the electron neutrino absolute mass. In this work we revise the present constraints on the neutrino mass parameters derived from the $0 \\beta\\beta$ decay analysis of the experimentally interesting nuclei. We use the latest results for the phase space factors (PSFs) and nuclear matrix elements (NMEs), as well as for the experimental lifetimes limits. For the PSFs we use values computed with an improved method reported very recently. For the NMEs we use values chosen from literature on a case-by-case basis, taking advantage of the consensus reached by the community on several nuclear ingredients used in their calculation. Thus, we try to restrict the range of spread of the NME values calculated with di?erent methods and, hence, to reduce the uncertainty in deriving limits for the Majorana neutrino mass parameter. Our results may be useful to have an up-date image on the present neutrino mass sensitivities associated with $0 \\beta\\beta$ measurements for different isotopes and to better estimate the range of values of the neutrino masses that can be explored in the future double beta decay (DBD) experiments.

  1. Nanoscale heat transfer - from computation to experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Tengfei

    2013-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Heat transfer can differ distinctly at the nanoscale from that at the macroscale. Recent advancement in

  2. Neutrino mass hierarchy and the origin of leptonic flavor mixing from the righthanded sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leser, Philipp

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a neutrino mass model where all leptonic mixing is induced by a heavy Majorana sector through the seesaw type I mechanism, while the Dirac mass matrices are diagonal. Such a pattern occurs naturally in Grand Unified Theories (GUTs). Constraints on the parameters of the models are considered and it is shown that a normal neutrino mass hierarchy is preferred. The lightest neutrino mass is typically small, leading to non-observable rates for neutrinoless double beta decay in the normal hierarchy case.

  3. Overcoming efficiency constraints on blind quantum computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos A. Pérez-Delgado; Joseph F. Fitzsimons

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Blind quantum computation allows a user to delegate a computation to an untrusted server while keeping the computation hidden. A number of recent works have sought to establish bounds on the communication requirements necessary to implement blind computation, and a bound based on the no-programming theorem of Nielsen and Chuang has emerged as a natural limiting factor. Here we show that this constraints only hold in limited scenarios and show how to overcome it using a method based on iterated gate-teleportations. We present our results as a family of protocols, with varying degrees of computational-ability requirements on the client. Certain protocols in this family exponentially outperform previously known schemes in terms of total communication. The approach presented here can be adapted to other distributed computing protocols to reduce communication requirements.

  4. New Constraints on General Slepton Flavor Mixing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arana-Catania, M; Herrero, M J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the phenomenological implications on charged lepton flavor violating (LFV) processes from slepton flavor mixing within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We work under the model-independent hypothesis of general flavor mixing in the slepton sector, being parametrized by a complete set of dimensionless delta^AB_ij (A,B = L,R; i,j = 1, 2, 3) parameters. The present upper bounds on the most relevant LFV processes, together with the requirement of compatibility in the choice of the MSSM parameters with the recent LHC and (g-2) data, lead to updated constraints on all slepton flavor mixing parameters. A comparative discussion of the most effective LFV processes to constrain the various generation mixings is included.

  5. Observational constraints on braneworld chaotic inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew R Liddle; Anthony J Smith

    2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine observational constraints on chaotic inflation models in the Randall-Sundrum Type II braneworld. If inflation takes place in the high-energy regime, the perturbations produced by the quadratic potential are further from scale-invariance than in the standard cosmology, in the quartic case more or less unchanged, while for potentials of greater exponent the trend is reversed. We test these predictions against a data compilation including the WMAP measurements of microwave anisotropies and the 2dF galaxy power spectrum. While in the standard cosmology the quartic potential is at the border of what the data allow and all higher powers excluded, we find that in the high-energy regime of braneworld inflation even the quadratic case is under strong observational pressure. We also investigate the intermediate regime where the brane tension is comparable to the inflationary energy scale, where the deviations from scale-invariance prove to be greater.

  6. Constraints on topological order in Mott Insulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael P. Zaletel; Ashvin Vishwanath

    2015-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We point out certain symmetry induced constraints on topological order in Mott Insulators (quantum magnets with an odd number of spin $\\tfrac{1}{2}$ per unit cell). We show, for example, that the double semion topological order is incompatible with time reversal and translation symmetry in Mott insulators. This sharpens the Hastings-Oshikawa-Lieb-Schultz-Mattis theorem for 2D quantum magnets, which guarantees that a fully symmetric gapped Mott insulator must be topologically ordered, but is silent on which topological order is permitted. An application of our result is the Kagome lattice quantum antiferromagnet where recent numerical calculations of entanglement entropy indicate a ground state compatible with either toric code or double semion topological order. Our result rules out the latter possibility.

  7. Top quark mass measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, Christopher S.; /UC, Santa Barbara

    2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The top quark, with its extraordinarily large mass (nearly that of a gold atom), plays a significant role in the phenomenology of EWSB in the Standard Model. In particular, the top quark mass when combined with the W mass constrains the mass of the as yet unobserved Higgs boson. Thus, a precise determination of the mass of the top quark is a principal goal of the CDF and D0 experiments. With the data collected thus far in Runs 1 and 2 of the Tevatron, CDF and D0 have measured the top quark mass in both the lepton+jets and dilepton decay channels using a variety of complementary experimental techniques. The author presents an overview of the most recent of the measurements.

  8. Constraints on the Higgs boson total width using H*(126) -> ZZ events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roberto Covarelli

    2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Constraints are set on the Higgs boson decay width, Gamma_H, using off-shell production and decay to ZZ in the four-lepton (4l), or two-lepton-two-neutrino (2l2nu) final states. The analysis is based on the data collected in 2012 by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity L = 19.7 fb^{-1} at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. A maximum-likelihood fit of invariant mass and kinematic discriminant distributions in the 4l case and of transverse mass or missing energy distributions in the 2l2nu case is performed. The result of it, combined with the 4l measurement near the resonance peak, leads to an upper limit on the Higgs boson width of Gamma_H < 4.2 x Gamma_H^SM at the 95% confidence level, assuming Gamma_H^SM = 4.15 MeV.

  9. Supernova constraints on neutrino oscillation and EoS for proto-neutron star

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kajino, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Aoki, W. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Cheoun, M.-K. [Department of Physics, Soongsil University, Seoul 156-743 (Korea, Republic of); Hayakawa, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Shirakara-Shirane 2-4, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Hidaka, J. [National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Hirai, Y.; Shibagaki, S. [National Astronomical Observatory, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588, Japan and Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Mathews, G. J. [Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Nakamura, K. [Waseda University, Ohkubo 3-4-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Suzuki, T. [Nihon University, Sakurajosui 3-25-40, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8550 (Japan)

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Core-collapse supernovae eject huge amount of flux of energetic neutrinos which affect explosive nucleosynthesis of rare isotopes like {sup 7}Li, {sup 11}B, {sup 92}Nb, {sup 138}La and Ta and r-process elements. Several isotopes depend strongly on the neutrino flavor oscillation due to the Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein (MSW) effect. We here discuss how to determine the neutrino temperatures and propose a method to determine still unknown neutrino oscillation parameters, mass hierarchy and ?{sub 13}, simultaneously. Combining the recent experimental constraints on ?{sub 13} with isotopic ratios of the light elements discovered in presolar grains from the Murchison meteorite, we show that our method suggests at a marginal preference for an inverted neutrino mass hierarchy. We also discuss supernova relic neutrinos that may indicate the softness of the equation of state (EoS) of nuclear matter as well as adiabatic conditions of the neutrino oscillation.

  10. Canister Transfer System Description Document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2000-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Canister Transfer System receives transportation casks containing large and small disposable canisters, unloads the canisters from the casks, stores the canisters as required, loads them into disposal containers (DCs), and prepares the empty casks for re-shipment. Cask unloading begins with cask inspection, sampling, and lid bolt removal operations. The cask lids are removed and the canisters are unloaded. Small canisters are loaded directly into a DC, or are stored until enough canisters are available to fill a DC. Large canisters are loaded directly into a DC. Transportation casks and related components are decontaminated as required, and empty casks are prepared for re-shipment. One independent, remotely operated canister transfer line is provided in the Waste Handling Building System. The canister transfer line consists of a Cask Transport System, Cask Preparation System, Canister Handling System, Disposal Container Transport System, an off-normal canister handling cell with a transfer tunnel connecting the two cells, and Control and Tracking System. The Canister Transfer System operating sequence begins with moving transportation casks to the cask preparation area with the Cask Transport System. The Cask Preparation System prepares the cask for unloading and consists of cask preparation manipulator, cask inspection and sampling equipment, and decontamination equipment. The Canister Handling System unloads the canister(s) and places them into a DC. Handling equipment consists of a bridge crane/hoist, DC loading manipulator, lifting fixtures, and small canister staging racks. Once the cask has been unloaded, the Cask Preparation System decontaminates the cask exterior and returns it to the Carrier/Cask Handling System via the Cask Transport System. After the DC is fully loaded, the Disposal Container Transport System moves the DC to the Disposal Container Handling System for welding. To handle off-normal canisters, a separate off-normal canister handling cell is located adjacent to the canister transfer cell and is interconnected to the transfer cell by means of the off-normal canister transfer tunnel. All canister transfer operations are controlled by the Control and Tracking System. The system interfaces with the Carrier/Cask Handling System for incoming and outgoing transportation casks. The system also interfaces with the Disposal Container Handling System, which prepares the DC for loading and subsequently seals the loaded DC. The system support interfaces are the Waste Handling Building System and other internal Waste Handling Building (WHB) support systems.

  11. CANISTER TRANSFER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Gorpani

    2000-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Canister Transfer System receives transportation casks containing large and small disposable canisters, unloads the canisters from the casks, stores the canisters as required, loads them into disposal containers (DCs), and prepares the empty casks for re-shipment. Cask unloading begins with cask inspection, sampling, and lid bolt removal operations. The cask lids are removed and the canisters are unloaded. Small canisters are loaded directly into a DC, or are stored until enough canisters are available to fill a DC. Large canisters are loaded directly into a DC. Transportation casks and related components are decontaminated as required, and empty casks are prepared for re-shipment. One independent, remotely operated canister transfer line is provided in the Waste Handling Building System. The canister transfer line consists of a Cask Transport System, Cask Preparation System, Canister Handling System, Disposal Container Transport System, an off-normal canister handling cell with a transfer tunnel connecting the two cells, and Control and Tracking System. The Canister Transfer System operating sequence begins with moving transportation casks to the cask preparation area with the Cask Transport System. The Cask Preparation System prepares the cask for unloading and consists of cask preparation manipulator, cask inspection and sampling equipment, and decontamination equipment. The Canister Handling System unloads the canister(s) and places them into a DC. Handling equipment consists of a bridge crane hoist, DC loading manipulator, lifting fixtures, and small canister staging racks. Once the cask has been unloaded, the Cask Preparation System decontaminates the cask exterior and returns it to the Carrier/Cask Handling System via the Cask Transport System. After the DC is fully loaded, the Disposal Container Transport System moves the DC to the Disposal Container Handling System for welding. To handle off-normal canisters, a separate off-normal canister handling cell is located adjacent to the canister transfer cell and is interconnected to the transfer cell by means of the off-normal canister transfer tunnel. All canister transfer operations are controlled by the Control and Tracking System. The system interfaces with the Carrier/Cask Handling System for incoming and outgoing transportation casks. The system also interfaces with the Disposal Container Handling System, which prepares the DC for loading and subsequently seals the loaded DC. The system support interfaces are the Waste Handling Building System and other internal Waste Handling Building (WHB) support systems.

  12. Mass and Heat Recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hindawai, S. M.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - 1 - MASS AND HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM SALAH MAHMOUD HINDAWI DIRECTOR HINDAWI FOR ENGINEERING SERVICES & CONTRACTING NEW DAMIETTA , EGYPT ABSTRACT : In the last few years heat recovery was under spot . and in air conditioning fields... ) as a heat recovery . and I use the water as a mass recovery . The source of mass and heat recovery is the condensate water which we were dispose and connect it to the drain lines . THE BENEFIT OF THIS SYSTEM ARE : 1) Using the heat energy from...

  13. Polarisation Transfer in Proton Compton Scattering at High Momentum Transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Hamilton

    2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Jefferson Lab Hall A experiment E99-114 comprised a series of measurements to explore proton Compton scattering at high momentum transfer. For the first time, the polarisation transfer observables in the p (~ 0 ~ p) reaction were measured in the GeV energy range, where it is believed that quark-gluon degrees of freedom begin to dominate. The experiment utilised a circularly polarised photon beam incident on a liquid hydrogen target, with the scattered photon and recoil proton detected in a lead-glass calorimeter and a magnetic spectrometer, respectively.

  14. Constraints on leptogenesis from a symmetry viewpoint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez Felipe, R. [Area Cientifica de Fisica, Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Rua Conselheiro Emidio Navarro 1, 1959-007 Lisboa (Portugal); Departamento de Fisica and Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas (CFTP), Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Serodio, H. [Departamento de Fisica and Centro de Fisica Teorica de Particulas (CFTP), Instituto Superior Tecnico, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that type I seesaw models based on the standard model Lagrangian extended with three heavy Majorana right-handed fields do not have leptogenesis in leading order, if the symmetries of mass matrices are also the residual symmetry of the Lagrangian. In particular, flavor models that lead to a mass-independent leptonic mixing have a vanishing leptogenesis CP asymmetry. Based on symmetry arguments, we prove that in these models the Dirac-neutrino Yukawa coupling combinations relevant for leptogenesis are diagonal in the physical basis where the charged leptons and heavy Majorana neutrinos are diagonal.

  15. Constraints on leptogenesis from a symmetry viewpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Gonzalez Felipe; H. Serodio

    2010-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that type I seesaw models based on the standard model Lagrangian extended with three heavy Majorana right-handed fields do not have leptogenesis in leading order, if the symmetries of mass matrices are also the residual symmetry of the Lagrangian. In particular, flavor models that lead to a mass-independent leptonic mixing have a vanishing leptogenesis CP asymmetry. Based on symmetry arguments, we prove that in these models the Dirac-neutrino Yukawa coupling combinations relevant for leptogenesis are diagonal in the physical basis where the charged leptons and heavy Majorana neutrinos are diagonal.

  16. Constraints on leptogenesis from a symmetry viewpoint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felipe, R Gonzalez

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that type-I seesaw models based on the Standard Model Lagrangian extended with three heavy Majorana right-handed fields do not have leptogenesis in leading order, if the symmetries of mass matrices are also the residual symmetry of the Lagrangian. In particular, flavor models that lead to a mass-independent leptonic mixing have a vanishing leptogenesis CP-asymmetry. Based on symmetry arguments, we prove that in these models the Dirac-neutrino Yukawa coupling combinations relevant for leptogenesis are always real in the physical basis where the charged leptons and heavy Majorana neutrinos are diagonal.

  17. Nuclear Masses in Astrophysics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christine Weber; Klaus Blaum; Hendrik Schatz

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Among all nuclear ground-state properties, atomic masses are highly specific for each particular combination of N and Z and the data obtained apply to a variety of physics topics. One of the most crucial questions to be addressed in mass spectrometry of unstable radionuclides is the one of understanding the processes of element formation in the Universe. To this end, accurate atomic mass values of a large number of exotic nuclei participating in nucleosynthesis are among the key input data in large-scale reaction network calculations. In this paper, a review on the latest achievements in mass spectrometry for nuclear astrophysics is given.

  18. Multiple mass solvers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Jegerlehner

    1997-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a general method to construct multiple mass solvers from standard algorithms. As an example, the BiCGstab-M algorithm is derived.

  19. EMSL - Mass Spectrometer

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    MS) with high mass resolution (m&61636;m100,000). Solvent mixtures of acetonitrilewater and acetonitriletoluene were used to extract and ionize polar and non-polar...

  20. Technology Transfer Success Stories, Security

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Research and Development at NETL Muon Tomography Muon Tomography Muon Tomography technology developed at LANL to detect nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction will be...

  1. Optimal Control of a Continuous Distillation Process under Probabilistic Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henrion, René

    Optimal Control of a Continuous Distillation Process under Probabilistic Constraints René Henrion1 Universität Berlin, Germany Abstract A continuous distillation process with random inflow rate is considered model including the dynamics of the distillation process and proba- bilistic constraints under different

  2. Solving Necklace Constraint Problems Pierre Flener and Justin Pearson 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flener, Pierre

    getting an essentially different solution. We bring together the fields of combinatorial enumeration in [16]. A constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is a triplet X, D, C , where X is a sequence of n-structure of the CSP and we say that the CSP has rotation variable symmetry. If the constraint set C has a domain D

  3. The complexity of recursive constraint satisfaction Victor W. Marek

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek, Victor W.

    to the problem must satisfy. As such, CSP has a very long history, essentially reaching to the beginning equivalent results about the complexity of the problem of finding a solution to a recursive CSP problem. 1 Introduction Constraint Programming and, more specifically, Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP

  4. accelerator energy constraints: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energy constraints First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Constraints on the Acceleration of...

  5. Constraint methods for neural networks and computer graphics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, J.C.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Both computer graphics and neural networks are related, in that they model natural phenomena. Physically-based models are used by computer graphics researchers to create realistic, natural animation, and neural models are used by neural network researchers to create new algorithms or new circuits. To exploit successfully these graphical and neural models, engineers want models that fulfill designer-specified goals. These goals are converted into mathematical constraints. This thesis presents constraint methods for computer graphics and neural networks. The mathematical constraint methods modify the differential equations that govern the neural or physically-based models. The constraint methods gradually enforce the constraints exactly. This thesis also described application of constrained models to real problems. The first half of this theses discusses constrained neural networks. The desired models and goals are often converted into constrained optimization problems. These optimization problems are solved using first-order differential equations. The applications of constrained neural networks include the creation of constrained circuits, error-correcting codes, symmetric edge detection for computer vision, and heuristics for the traveling salesman problem. The second half of this thesis discusses constrained computer graphics models. In computer graphics, the desired models and goals become constrained mechanical systems, which are typically simulated with second-order differential equations. The Penalty Method adds springs to the mechanical system to penalize violations of the constraints. Rate Controlled Constraints add forces and impulses to the mechanical system to fulfill the constraints with critically damped motion.

  6. Supplementary Materials (ID: 0290) Section 1: Auxilary Variables and Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, W. H. Nynson

    segment label assignment indicator mentioned above. The equivalent linear constraints are ti,j k hk constraints required for the selected nodes and edges to form a connected graph. In Mixed Integer Programming, some auxiliary variables are defined to capture certain events (i.e., a particular assignment to all

  7. liquid nberwp.tex Liquidity Constraints and Precautionary Saving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    liquid nberwp.tex Liquidity Constraints and Precautionary Saving Christopher D. Carroll ccarroll to the optimal consumption/saving problem under uncertainty have long known that there are quantitatively important in- teractions between liquidity constraints and precautionary saving behavior. This paper

  8. Phase Retrieval for Fresnel Measurements Using a Shearlet Sparsity Constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plonka, Gerlind

    Phase Retrieval for Fresnel Measurements Using a Shearlet Sparsity Constraint Stefan Loock Gerlind Plonka March 25, 2014 Abstract We consider the problem of phase retrieval in the Fresnel regime be used for phase reconstruction with Fresnel data. As it turns out, the shearlet sparsity constraint

  9. Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, David

    Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming Archana Shankar, David London EC1V 0HB, UK Abstract This paper describes the design of a transient analysis program for linear circuits and its implementation in a Constraint Logic Programming language, CLP(R). The transient analysis

  10. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry 219 (2002) 7377 Protein charge transport in gas phase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheu, Sheh-Yi

    temperature limit, the rotational energy can be transferred with very high efficiency and hence one obtainsInternational Journal of Mass Spectrometry 219 (2002) 73­77 Protein charge transport in gas phase high charge transport efficiency. (Int J Mass Spectrom 219 (2002) 73­77) © 2002 Elsevier Science B

  11. Characterization of the intragranular water regime within subsurface sediments: Pore volume, surface area, and mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    10531, doi:10.1029/ 2010WR010303. 1. Introduction [2] In reactive groundwater transport models, the mass with tracers in artificial groundwater, followed by a replacement of bulk solution with tracer-free groundwater rates were quantified using a multirate first-order mass transfer model. Tritium-hydrogen exchange

  12. Journal of Heat Transfer1999 JHT Heat Transfer Gallery Department of Mechanical 8. Aerospace Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihm, IconKenneth David

    Journal of Heat Transfer1999 JHT Heat Transfer Gallery S. M. You Department of Mechanical 8 Transfer Visualization Committee organized two photo gallery sessions in 1998. The International Heat Transfer Photo Gallery was held at the l la' International Heat Transfer Conference (IHTC) in Kyongju

  13. Magneto-convective models of red dwarfs: constraints imposed by the lithium abundance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetic fields impede the onset of convection, thereby altering the thermal structure of a convective envelope in a low mass star: this has an effect on the amount of lithium depletion in a magnetized star. In order to quantify this effect, we have applied a magneto-convective model to two low mass stars for which lithium abundances and precise structural parameters are known: YY Gem and CU Cnc. For both stars, we have obtained models which satisfy empirical constraints on the following parameters: R, L, surface magnetic field strength, and Li abundance. In the case of YY Gem, we have obtained a model which satisfies the empirical constraints with an internal magnetic field of several megagauss: such a field strength is within the range of a dynamo where the field energy is in equipartition with rotational energy deep inside the convection zone. However, in the case of CU Cnc, the Li requires an internal magnetic field which is probably too strong for a dynamo origin: we suggest possible alternatives which m...

  14. Feedback Effects on Low-Mass Star Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, Charles E; McKee, Christopher F; Fisher, Robert T

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protostellar feedback, both radiation and bipolar outflows, dramatically affects the fragmentation and mass accretion from star-forming cores. We use ORION, an adaptive mesh refinement gravito-radiation-hydrodynamics code, to simulate the formation of a cluster of low-mass stars, including both radiative transfer and protostellar outflows. We ran four simulations to isolate the individual effects of radiation feedback and outflow feedback as well as the combination of the two. Outflows reduce protostellar masses and accretion rates each by a factor of three and therefore reduce protostellar luminosities by an order of magnitude. Thus, while radiation feedback suppresses fragmentation, outflows render protostellar radiation largely irrelevant for low-mass star formation above a mass scale of 0.05 M_sun. We find initial fragmentation of our cloud at half the global Jeans length, ~ 0.1 pc. With insufficient protostellar radiation to stop it, these 0.1 pc cores fragment repeatedly, forming typically 10 stars each...

  15. Radiative transfer in molecular lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Asensio Ramos; J. Trujillo Bueno; J. Cernicharo

    2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The highly convergent iterative methods developed by Trujillo Bueno and Fabiani Bendicho (1995) for radiative transfer (RT) applications are generalized to spherical symmetry with velocity fields. These RT methods are based on Jacobi, Gauss-Seidel (GS), and SOR iteration and they form the basis of a new NLTE multilevel transfer code for atomic and molecular lines. The benchmark tests carried out so far are presented and discussed. The main aim is to develop a number of powerful RT tools for the theoretical interpretation of molecular spectra.

  16. Energy Transfer | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the YouTube|6721 FederalTexas Energyof 2005 at Iowa WindUnion7Transfer Energy Transfer Below

  17. Determination of stepsize parameters for intermolecular vibrational energy transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tardy, D.C.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Intermolecular energy transfer of highly excited polyatomic molecules plays an important role in many complex chemical systems: combustion, high temperature and atmospheric chemistry. By monitoring the relaxation of internal energy we have observed trends in the collisional efficiency ({beta}) for energy transfer as a function of the substrate's excitation energy and the complexities of substrate and deactivator. For a given substrate {beta} increases as the deactivator's mass increase to {approximately}30 amu and then exhibits a nearly constant value; this is due to a mass mismatch between the atoms of the colliders. In a homologous series of substrate molecules (C{sub 3}{minus}C{sub 8}) {beta} decreases as the number of atoms in the substrate increases; replacing F with H increases {beta}. All substrates, except for CF{sub 2}Cl{sub 2} and CF{sub 2}HCl below 10,000 cm{sup {minus}1}, exhibited that {beta} is independent of energy, i.e. <{Delta}E>{sub all} is linear with energy. The results are interpreted with a simple model which considers that {beta} is a function of the ocillators energy and its vibrational frequency. Limitations of current approximations used in high temperature unimolecular reactions were evaluated and better approximations were developed. The importance of energy transfer in product yields was observed for the photoactivation of perfluorocyclopropene and the photoproduction of difluoroethyne. 3 refs., 18 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. mass communication advertising &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finzi, Adrien

    mass communication advertising & public relations introduction. Graduate programs in the Department of Mass Communication, Advertising, and Public Relations provide an entry to a wide spectrum of careers in the communication industry. Classes, internships, site visits, and presentations by top professionals offer students

  19. The Origins of Mass

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  20. The Origins of Mass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lincoln, Don

    2014-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The Higgs boson was discovered in July of 2012 and is generally understood to be the origin of mass. While those statements are true, they are incomplete. It turns out that the Higgs boson is responsible for only about 2% of the mass of ordinary matter. In this dramatic new video, Dr. Don Lincoln of Fermilab tells us the rest of the story.

  1. System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Srikrishna) feedback #12;System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect

  2. Contribution of quark-mass-dependent operators to higher twist effects in deep-inelastic scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S.H. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We look at the contribution of quark-mass-dependent twist-4 operators to the second moments of spin-averaged structure functions and the Bjorken sum rule. Its contribution is non-negligible in the former case due to large Wilson coefficients. We also discuss the values of the twist-4 spin-2 nucleon matrix element within present experimental constraints.

  3. China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aden, Nathaniel; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study analyzes China's coal industry by focusing on four related areas. First, data are reviewed to identify the major drivers of historical and future coal demand. Second, resource constraints and transport bottlenecks are analyzed to evaluate demand and growth scenarios. The third area assesses the physical requirements of substituting coal demand growth with other primary energy forms. Finally, the study examines the carbon- and environmental implications of China's past and future coal consumption. There are three sections that address these areas by identifying particular characteristics of China's coal industry, quantifying factors driving demand, and analyzing supply scenarios: (1) reviews the range of Chinese and international estimates of remaining coal reserves and resources as well as key characteristics of China's coal industry including historical production, resource requirements, and prices; (2) quantifies the largest drivers of coal usage to produce a bottom-up reference projection of 2025 coal demand; and (3) analyzes coal supply constraints, substitution options, and environmental externalities. Finally, the last section presents conclusions on the role of coal in China's ongoing energy and economic development. China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. In 2007 Chinese coal production contained more energy than total Middle Eastern oil production. The rapid growth of coal demand after 2001 created supply strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about sustainability. Urbanization, heavy industrial growth, and increasing per-capita income are the primary interrelated drivers of rising coal usage. In 2007, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement production accounted for 66% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units would save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand for the power sector. A new wedge of future coal consumption is likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. If coal to chemicals capacity reaches 70 million tonnes and coal-to-liquids capacity reaches 60 million tonnes, coal feedstock requirements would add an additional 450 million tonnes by 2025. Even with more efficient growth among these drivers, China's annual coal demand is expected to reach 3.9 to 4.3 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not reversed China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Substitution is a matter of scale: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth of 200 million tonnes would require 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas (compared to 2007 growth of 13 BCM), 48 GW of nuclear (compared to 2007 growth of 2 GW), or 86 GW of hydropower capacity (compared to 2007 growth of 16 GW). Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on a high growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China has a low proportion of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport capacity. Furthermore, transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transportation oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 million tonnes by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets.

  4. Nuclear reactor power for an electrically powered orbital transfer vehicle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jaffe, L.; Beatty, R.; Bhandari, P.; Chow, E.; Deininger, W.; Ewell, R.; Fujita, T.; Grossman, M.; Kia, T.; Nesmith, B.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To help determine the systems requirements for a 300-kWe space nuclear reactor power system, a mission and spacecraft have been examined which utilize electric propulsion and this nuclear reactor power for multiple transfers of cargo between low Earth orbit (LEO) and geosynchronous Earth orbit (GEO). A propulsion system employing ion thrusters and xenon propellant was selected. Propellant and thrusters are replaced after each sortie to GEO. The mass of the Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV), empty and dry, is 11,000 kg; nominal propellant load is 5000 kg. The OTV operates between a circular orbit at 925 km altitude, 28.5 deg inclination, and GEO. Cargo is brought to the OTV by Shuttle and an Orbital Maneuvering Vehicle (OMV); the OTV then takes it to GEO. The OTV can also bring cargo back from GEO, for transfer by OMV to the Shuttle. OTV propellant is resupplied and the ion thrusters are replaced by the OMV before each trip to GEO. At the end of mission life, the OTV's electric propulsion is used to place it in a heliocentric orbit so that the reactor will not return to Earth. The nominal cargo capability to GEO is 6000 kg with a transit time of 120 days; 1350 kg can be transferred in 90 days, and 14,300 kg in 240 days. These capabilities can be considerably increased by using separate Shuttle launches to bring up propellant and cargo, or by changing to mercury propellant.

  5. Enhanced boiling heat transfer in horizontal test bundles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trewin, R.R.; Jensen, M.K.; Bergles, A.E.

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-phase flow boiling from bundles of horizontal tubes with smooth and enhanced surfaces has been investigated. Experiments were conducted in pure refrigerant R-113, pure R-11, and mixtures of R-11 and R-113 of approximately 25, 50, and 75% of R-113 by mass. Tests were conducted in two staggered tube bundles consisting of fifteen rows and five columns laid out in equilateral triangular arrays with pitch-to-diameter ratios of 1.17 and 1.5. The enhanced surfaces tested included a knurled surface (Wolverine`s Turbo-B) and a porous surface (Linde`s High Flux). Pool boiling tests were conducted for each surface so that reference values of the heat transfer coefficient could be obtained. Boiling heat transfer experiments in the tube bundles were conducted at pressures of 2 and 6 bar, heat flux values from 5 to 80 kW/m{sup 2}s, and qualities from 0% to 80%, Values of the heat transfer coefficients for the enhanced surfaces were significantly larger than for the smooth tubes and were comparable to the values obtained in pool boiling. It was found that the performance of the enhanced tubes could be predicted using the pool boiling results. The degradation in the smooth tube heat transfer coefficients obtained in fluid mixtures was found to depend on the difference between the molar concentration in the liquid and vapor.

  6. Spring 2014 Heat Transfer -1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virginia Tech

    Spring 2014 1 Heat Transfer - 1 Consider a cylindrical nuclear fuel rod of length L and diameter df the fuel rod, and the volumetric generation rate is known to vary sinusoidally with distance along the rod to exist between the surface of the rod and the water. Axial conduction can be neglected in rod and fluid

  7. Entrepreneurial separation to transfer technology.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fairbanks, Richard R.

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Entrepreneurial separation to transfer technology (ESTT) program is that entrepreneurs terminate their employment with Sandia. The term of the separation is two years with the option to request a third year. Entrepreneurs are guaranteed reinstatement by Sandia if they return before ESTT expiration. Participants may start up or helpe expand technology businesses.

  8. Submersible canned motor transfer pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Guardiani, Richard F. (Ohio Township, Allegheny County, PA); Pollick, Richard D. (Sarver, PA); Nyilas, Charles P. (Monroeville, PA); Denmeade, Timothy J. (Lower Burrell, PA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A transfer pump used in a waste tank for transferring high-level radioactive liquid waste from a waste tank and having a column assembly, a canned electric motor means, and an impeller assembly with an upper impeller and a lower impeller connected to a shaft of a rotor assembly. The column assembly locates a motor housing with the electric motor means adjacent to the impeller assembly which creates an hydraulic head, and which forces the liquid waste, into the motor housing to cool the electric motor means and to cool and/or lubricate the radial and thrust bearing assemblies. Hard-on-hard bearing surfaces of the bearing assemblies and a ring assembly between the upper impeller and electric motor means grind large particles in the liquid waste flow. Slots in the static bearing member of the radial bearing assemblies further grind down the solid waste particles so that only particles smaller than the clearances in the system can pass therethrough, thereby resisting damage to and the interruption of the operation of the transfer pump. The column assembly is modular so that sections can be easily assembled, disassembled and/or removed. A second embodiment employs a stator jacket which provides an alternate means for cooling the electric motor means and lubricating and/or cooling the bearing assemblies, and a third embodiment employs a variable level suction device which allows liquid waste to be drawn into the transfer pump from varying and discrete levels in the waste tank.

  9. Complexity and Algorithms for Two-Stage Flexible Flowshop Scheduling with Availability Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Jinxing

    Complexity and Algorithms for Two-Stage Flexible Flowshop Scheduling with Availability Constraints problem with availability constraints. We discuss the complexity and the approximability of the problem cases of the problem. Keywords: Scheduling; Flexible flowshop; Availability constraints; Approximability

  10. Absolute neutrino mass measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolf, Joachim [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), IEKP, Postfach 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2011-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The neutrino mass plays an important role in particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology. In recent years the detection of neutrino flavour oscillations proved that neutrinos carry mass. However, oscillation experiments are only sensitive to the mass-squared difference of the mass eigenvalues. In contrast to cosmological observations and neutrino-less double beta decay (0v2{beta}) searches, single {beta}-decay experiments provide a direct, model-independent way to determine the absolute neutrino mass by measuring the energy spectrum of decay electrons at the endpoint region with high accuracy.Currently the best kinematic upper limits on the neutrino mass of 2.2eV have been set by two experiments in Mainz and Troitsk, using tritium as beta emitter. The next generation tritium {beta}-experiment KATRIN is currently under construction in Karlsruhe/Germany by an international collaboration. KATRIN intends to improve the sensitivity by one order of magnitude to 0.2eV. The investigation of a second isotope ({sup 137}Rh) is being pursued by the international MARE collaboration using micro-calorimeters to measure the beta spectrum. The technology needed to reach 0.2eV sensitivity is still in the R and D phase. This paper reviews the present status of neutrino-mass measurements with cosmological data, 0v2{beta} decay and single {beta}-decay.

  11. Geo energy research and development: technology transfer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Traeger, R.K.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia Geo Energy Programs related to geothermal, coal, oil and gas, and synfuel resources have provided a useful mechanism for transferring laboratory technologies to private industry. Significant transfer of hardware, computer programs, diagnostics and instrumentation, advanced materials, and in situ process understanding has occurred through US/DOE supported programs in the past five years. The text briefly reviews the technology transfer procedures and summarizes 32 items that have been transferred and another 20 technologies that are now being considered for possible transfer to industry. A major factor in successful transfer has been personal interactions between Sandia engineers and the technical staff from private industry during all aspects of the technology development.

  12. Planck 2015. XX. Constraints on inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ade, P A R; Arnaud, M; Arroja, F; Ashdown, M; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Ballardini, M; Banday, A J; Barreiro, R B; Bartolo, N; Battaner, E; Benabed, K; Benoit, A; Benoit-Levy, A; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bielewicz, P; Bonaldi, A; Bonavera, L; Bond, J R; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Boulanger, F; Bucher, M; Burigana, C; Butler, R C; Calabrese, E; Cardoso, J -F; Catalano, A; Challinor, A; Chamballu, A; Chary, R -R; Chiang, H C; Christensen, P R; Church, S; Clements, D L; Colombi, S; Colombo, L P L; Combet, C; Contreras, D; Couchot, F; Coulais, A; Crill, B P; Curto, A; Cuttaia, F; Danese, L; Davies, R D; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Rosa, A; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Desert, F -X; Diego, J M; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Dore, O; Douspis, M; Ducout, A; Dupac, X; Efstathiou, G; Elsner, F; Ensslin, T A; Eriksen, H K; Fergusson, J; Finelli, F; Forni, O; Frailis, M; Fraisse, A A; Franceschi, E; Frejsel, A; Frolov, A; Galeotta, S; Galli, S; Ganga, K; Gauthier, C; Giard, M; Giraud-Heraud, Y; Gjerlow, E; Gonzalez-Nuevo, J; Gorski, K M; Gratton, S; Gregorio, A; Gruppuso, A; Gudmundsson, J E; Hamann, J; Handley, W; Hansen, F K; Hanson, D; Harrison, D L; Henrot-Versille, S; Hernandez-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hobson, M; Holmes, W A; Hornstrup, A; Hovest, W; Huang, Z; Huffenberger, K M; Hurier, G; Jaffe, A H; Jaffe, T R; Jones, W C; Juvela, M; Keihanen, E; Keskitalo, R; Kim, J; Kisner, T S; Kneissl, R; Knoche, J; Kunz, M; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lagache, G; Lahteenmaki, A; Lamarre, J -M; Lasenby, A; Lattanzi, M; Lawrence, C R; Leonardi, R; Lesgourgues, J; Levrier, F; Lewis, A; Liguori, M; Lilje, P B; Linden-Vornle, M; Lopez-Caniego, M; Lubin, P M; Ma, Y -Z; Macias-Perez, J F; Maggio, G; Maino, D; Mandolesi, N; Mangilli, A; Martin, P G; Martinez-Gonzalez, E; Masi, S; Matarrese, S; Mazzotta, P; McGehee, P; Meinhold, P R; Melchiorri, A; Mendes, L; Mennella, A; Migliaccio, M; Mitra, S; Miville-Deschenes, M -A; Molinari, D; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Morgante, G; Mortlock, D; Moss, A; Munchmeyer, M; Munshi, D; Murphy, J A; Naselsky, P; Nati, F; Natoli, P; Netterfield, C B; Norgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; Novikov, D; Novikov, I; Oxborrow, C A; Paci, F; Pagano, L; Pajot, F; Paladini, R; Pandolfi, S; Paoletti, D; Pasian, F; Patanchon, G; Pearson, T J; Peiris, H V; Perdereau, O; Perotto, L; Perrotta, F; Pettorino, V; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pierpaoli, E; Pietrobon, D; Plaszczynski, S; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Popa, L; Pratt, G W; Prezeau, G; Prunet, S; Puget, J -L; Rachen, J P; Reach, W T; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Remazeilles, M; Renault, C; Renzi, A; Ristorcelli, I; Rocha, G; Rosset, C; Rossetti, M; Roudier, G; Rowan-Robinson, M; Rubino-Martin, J A; Rusholme, B; Sandri, M; Santos, D; Savelainen, M; Savini, G; Scott, D; Seiffert, M D; Shellard, E P S; Shiraishi, M; Spencer, L D; Stolyarov, V; Stompor, R; Sudiwala, R; Sunyaev, R; Sutton, D; Suur-Uski, A -S; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Terenzi, L; Toffolatti, L; Tomasi, M; Tristram, M; Trombetti, T; Tucci, M; Tuovinen, J; Valenziano, L; Valiviita, J; Van Tent, B; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Wade, L A; Wandelt, B D; Wehus, I K; White, M; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zibin, J P; Zonca, A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the implications for cosmic inflation of the Planck measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies in both temperature and polarization based on the full Planck survey. The Planck full mission temperature data and a first release of polarization data on large angular scales measure the spectral index of curvature perturbations to be $n_\\mathrm{s} = 0.968 \\pm 0.006$ and tightly constrain its scale dependence to $d n_s/d \\ln k =-0.003 \\pm 0.007$ when combined with the Planck lensing likelihood. When the high-$\\ell$ polarization data is included, the results are consistent and uncertainties are reduced. The upper bound on the tensor-to-scalar ratio is $r_{0.002} < 0.11$ (95% CL), consistent with the B-mode polarization constraint $r< 0.12$ (95% CL) obtained from a joint BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck analysis. These results imply that $V(\\phi) \\propto \\phi^2$ and natural inflation are now disfavoured compared to models predicting a smaller tensor-to-scalar ratio, such as $R^2$ ...

  13. Observational constraints on Visser's cosmological model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alves, M. E. S.; Araujo, J. C. N. de; Miranda, O. D.; Wuensche, C. A. [INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - Divisao de Astrofisica, Av.dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, 12227-010 SP (Brazil); Carvalho, F. C. [INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - Divisao de Astrofisica, Av.dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, 12227-010 SP (Brazil); UERN - Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoro, 59610-210, RN (Brazil); Santos, E. M. [UFRJ - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21945-970, RJ (Brazil)

    2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Theories of gravity for which gravitons can be treated as massive particles have presently been studied as realistic modifications of general relativity, and can be tested with cosmological observations. In this work, we study the ability of a recently proposed theory with massive gravitons, the so-called Visser theory, to explain the measurements of luminosity distance from the Union2 compilation, the most recent Type-Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) data set, adopting the current ratio of the total density of nonrelativistic matter to the critical density ({Omega}{sub m}) as a free parameter. We also combine the SNe Ia data with constraints from baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements. We find that, for the allowed interval of values for {Omega}{sub m}, a model based on Visser's theory can produce an accelerated expansion period without any dark energy component, but the combined analysis (SNe Ia+BAO+CMB) shows that the model is disfavored when compared with the {Lambda}CDM model.

  14. Curvature constraints from the causal entropic principle

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bozek, Brandon; Albrecht, Andreas; Phillips, Daniel [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8677 (United States)

    2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Current cosmological observations indicate a preference for a cosmological constant that is drastically smaller than what can be explained by conventional particle physics. The causal entropic principle (Bousso et al.) provides an alternative approach to anthropic attempts to predict our observed value of the cosmological constant by calculating the entropy created within a causal diamond. We have extended this work to use the causal entropic principle to predict the preferred curvature within the 'multiverse'. We have found that values larger than {rho}{sub k}=40{rho}{sub m} are disfavored by more than 99.99% peak value at {rho}{sub {lambda}}=7.9x10{sup -123} and {rho}{sub k}=4.3{rho}{sub m} for open universes. For universes that allow only positive curvature or both positive and negative curvature, we find a correlation between curvature and dark energy that leads to an extended region of preferred values. Our universe is found to be disfavored to an extent depending on the priors on curvature. We also provide a comparison to previous anthropic constraints on open universes and discuss future directions for this work.

  15. Heavy-ion transfer reactions at large internuclear distance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Montanari, D.; Corradi, L.; Szilner, S.; Pollarolo, G.; Fioretto, E.; Stefanini, A. M.; Farnea, E.; Michelagnoli, C.; Montagnoli, G.; Scarlassara, F.; Ur, C. A.; Courtin, S.; Goasduff, A.; Haas, F.; Mijatovic, T.; Soic, N.; Grebosz, J. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Padova, I-35131, Padova (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, I-35131, Padova (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, I-35020 Legnaro (Italy)

    2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The transfer reaction for the {sup 116}Sn+{sup 60}Ni system has been studied using the PRISMA magnetic spectrometer at different bombarding energies from above to well below the Coulomb barrier. The experiment has been done in inverse kinematics and light target-like ions have been detected with PRISMA placed at very forward angles. Good mass, nuclear charge and kinetic energy resolutions have been achieved. Sufficient statistics has been accumulated to extract angular distributions for different bombarding energies have been extracted and the response function of the spectrometer has been studied to correct for the aberration due to the transport of the ions in PRISMA. The comparison between the present case and the previously measured {sup 96}Zr+{sup 40}Ca system, superfluid and near closed shells nuclei, respectively, should significantly improve our understanding of nucleon-nucleon correlation properties in multinucleon transfer processes.

  16. Mass of He-8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tribble, Robert E.; Cossairt, J. D.; May, D. P.; Kenefick, R. A.

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PHVSICAI. REVIEW e VOI. UME 16, NOVEMBER 1977 Ma~s of aHef R. E. Tribble, ~ J. D. Cossairt, D. P. May, and R. A. Kenefiek Cyclotron Institute and Physics Department, Texas A AM University, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 6 July 1977) A...& 600- pm Si solid-state detector, in the focal plane of an Enge split-pole magnetic spectrograph. Particle identification was deter- mined from the three constraints: (I}(dE/dx}~, (3) Ez?and (3) time of flight relative to the cyclo- tron rf...

  17. Unitary constraints on Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.M. Laget

    2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At moderately low momentum transfer ($-t$ up to 1 GeV$^2$) the coupling to the vector meson production channels gives the dominant contribution to real Compton and deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS). Starting from a Regge Pole approach that successfully describes vector meson production, the singular part of the corresponding box diagrams (where the intermediate vector meson-baryon pair propagates on-shell) is evaluated without any further assumptions (unitarity). Such a treatment explains not only the unexpectedly large DVCS unpolarized cross section that has been recently measured at Jefferson Laboratory (JLab), but also all the beam spin and charge asymmetries that has been measured at JLab and Hermes, without explicit need of Generalized Parton Distributions (GPD). The issue of the relationship between the two approaches is addressed.

  18. Probing the geometric nature of particles mass in graphene systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donatello Dolce; Andrea Perali

    2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    According to undulatory mechanics, the Compton periodicity, which is the intrinsic proper-time recurrence of a wave function, determines the mass of the corresponding elementary particles. This provides a geometric description of the rest mass which can be consistently applied to derive the effective mass spectrum and electronic properties of the elementary charge carriers in carbon nanotubes and other condensed matter systems. The Compton periodicity is determined by the boundary conditions associated to the curled-up dimension of carbon nanotubes or analogous constraints of the charge carrier wave function. This approach shows an interesting interplay between particle physics and relativistic space-time, as well as analogies with the Kaluza-Klein theory and Holography.

  19. Group transfer and electron transfer reactions of organometallic complexes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atwood, J.D.

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1994, despite the disruptions, the authors have made progress in several aspects of their research on electron transfer reactions between organometallic complexes. This summary covers three areas that are relatively complete: (1) reactions between metal carbonyl anions and metal carbonyl halides, (2) reactions of hydrido- and alkyl-containing anions (RFe(CO){sup {minus}}{sub 4} and RW (CO){sub 5}{sup {minus}}) with metal carbonyl cations and (3) reactions of a seventeen-electron complex (Cp{asterisk}Cr(CO){sub 3}{lg_bullet}) with metal carbonyl derivatives. Two areas of examination that have just begun (possible carbene transfer and the possible role of metal carbonyl anions in carbon-hydrogen bond activation) will also be described.

  20. Axion Constraints in Non-standard Thermal Histories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, Daniel; Smith, Tristan; Kamionkowski, Marc [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    There is no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis, and so it is useful to consider how constraints to thermally-produced axions change in non-standard thermal histories. In the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins as late as {approx}1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Axion abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are significantly loosened. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to axion constraints occurs. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating are discussed.

  1. Thermal axion constraints in non-standard thermal histories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grin, Daniel; Smith, Tristan; Kamionkowski, Marc [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

    There is no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis, and so it is useful to consider how constraints to thermally-produced axions change in non-standard thermal histories. In the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins as late as {approx}1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Axion abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are significantly loosened. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to axion constraints occurs. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating are discussed.

  2. Thermal axion constraints in non-standard thermal histories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Grin; Tristan Smith; Marc Kamionkowski

    2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    There is no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis, and so it is useful to consider how constraints to thermally-produced axions change in non-standard thermal histories. In the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins at temperatures as low as 1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Axion abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are significantly loosened. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to axion constraints occurs. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating are discussed.

  3. Constraint damping in the Z4 formulation and harmonic gauge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carsten Gundlach; Jose M. Martin-Garcia; Gioel Calabrese; Ian Hinder

    2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that by adding suitable lower-order terms to the Z4 formulation of the Einstein equations, all constraint violations except constant modes are damped. This makes the Z4 formulation a particularly simple example of a lambda-system as suggested by Brodbeck et al. We also show that the Einstein equations in harmonic coordinates can be obtained from the Z4 formulation by a change of variables that leaves the implied constraint evolution system unchanged. Therefore the same method can be used to damp all constraints in the Einstein equations in harmonic gauge.

  4. Realtime Constraint-Based Cinematography for Complex Interactive 3D Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lester, James C.

    Realtime Constraint-Based Cinematography for Complex Interactive 3D Worlds William H. Bares, creates cinematic goals for a constraint- based realtime 3D virtual cinematography plan- ner

  5. ASSEMBLY TRANSFER SYSTEM DESCRIPTION DOCUMENT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    B. Gorpani

    2000-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The Assembly Transfer System (ATS) receives, cools, and opens rail and truck transportation casks from the Carrier/Cask Handling System (CCHS). The system unloads transportation casks consisting of bare Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) assemblies, single element canisters, and Dual Purpose Canisters (DPCs). For casks containing DPCs, the system opens the DPCs and unloads the SNF. The system stages the assemblies, transfer assemblies to and from fuel-blending inventory pools, loads them into Disposal Containers (DCs), temporarily seals and inerts the DC, decontaminates the DC and transfers it to the Disposal Container Handling System. The system also prepares empty casks and DPCs for off-site shipment. Two identical Assembly Transfer System lines are provided in the Waste Handling Building (WHB). Each line operates independently to handle the waste transfer throughput and to support maintenance operations. Each system line primarily consists of wet and dry handling areas. The wet handling area includes a cask transport system, cask and DPC preparation system, and a wet assembly handling system. The basket transport system forms the transition between the wet and dry handling areas. The dry handling area includes the dry assembly handling system, assembly drying system, DC preparation system, and DC transport system. Both the wet and dry handling areas are controlled by the control and tracking system. The system operating sequence begins with moving transportation casks to the cask preparation area. The cask preparation operations consist of cask cavity gas sampling, cask venting, cask cool-down, outer lid removal, and inner shield plug lifting fixture attachment. Casks containing bare SNF (no DPC) are filled with water and placed in the cask unloading pool. The inner shield plugs are removed underwater. For casks containing a DPC, the cask lid(s) is removed, and the DPC is penetrated, sampled, vented, and cooled. A DPC lifting fixture is attached and the cask is placed into the cask unloading pool. In the cask unloading pool the DPC is removed from the cask and placed in an overpack and the DPC lid is severed and removed. Assemblies are removed from either an open cask or DPC and loaded into assembly baskets positioned in the basket staging rack in the assembly unloading pool. A method called ''blending'' is utilized to load DCs with a heat output of less than 11.8 kW. This involves combining hotter and cooler assemblies from different baskets. Blending requires storing some of the hotter fuel assemblies in fuel-blending inventory pools until cooler assemblies are available. The assembly baskets are then transferred from the basket staging rack to the assembly handling cell and loaded into the assembly drying vessels. After drying, the assemblies are removed from the assembly drying vessels and loaded into a DC positioned below the DC load port. After installation of a DC inner lid and temporary sealing device, the DC is transferred to the DC decontamination cell where the top area of the DC, the DC lifting collar, and the DC inner lid and temporary sealing device are decontaminated, and the DC is evacuated and backfilled with inert gas to prevent prolonged clad exposure to air. The DC is then transferred to the Disposal Container Handling System for lid welding. In another cask preparation and decontamination area, lids are replaced on the empty transportation casks and DPC overpacks, the casks and DPC overpacks are decontaminated, inspected, and transferred to the Carrier/Cask Handling System for shipment off-site. All system equipment is designed to facilitate manual or remote operation, decontamination, and maintenance. The system interfaces with the Carrier/Cask Handling System for incoming and outgoing transportation casks and DPCs. The system also interfaces with the Disposal Container Handling System, which prepares the DC for loading and subsequently seals the loaded DC. The system support interfaces are the Waste Handling Building System and other internal WHB support systems.

  6. Thermal mass assessment: an explanation of the mechanisms by which building mass influences heating and cooling energy requirements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Childs, K.W.; Courville, G.E.; Bales, E.L.

    1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence that building mass has on energy consumption for heating and cooling has been the subject of some controversy. This controversy is, in part, due to a lack of understanding of the heat transfer mechanics occurring within a building and of how they affect energy usage. This report offers a step-by-step development of the principles of heat transfer in buildings as they pertain to thermal mass. The report is targeted for persons who are unfamiliar with the topic of thermal mass, but who possess some technical background. It is concluded that for the mass of a building to reduce energy usage, the building must undergo alternating periods of net energy gain and loss. In other words, during the heating season the indoor temperature must at times float above the thermostat set point temperature to reduce energy consumption. During the cooling season, the indoor temperature must occasionally drop below the set point temperature. Other issues addressed include the effects of mass on peak loads, equipment cycling, thermostat setback, and comfort. Strategies to maximize benefits of mass are discussed.

  7. Masses of Fundamental Particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hidezumi Terazawa

    2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In the original paper entitled, "Masses of Fundamental Particles"(arXiv:1109.3705v5, 10 Feb 2012), not only the masses of fundamental particles including the weak bosons, Higgs boson, quarks, and leptons, but also the mixing angles of quarks and those of neutrinos are all explained and/or predicted in the unified composite models of quarks and leptons successfully. In this addendum entitled, "Higgs Boson Mass in the Minimal Unified Subquark Model", it is emphasized that the Higgs boson mass is predicted to be about 130Gev in the minimal unified subquark model, which agrees well with the experimental values of 125-126GeV recently found by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC.

  8. Microlens Mass Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William D. Heacox

    2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-parametric statistical model is constructed to directly relate The distribution of observed microlens timescales to that of the mass Function of the population from which the lenses are drawn, corrected For observational selection based on timescales and event amplifications. Explicit distributions are derived for microlensing impact parameters and maximum amplifications; both are shown to be statistically independent of all other parameters in the problem, including lens mass. The model is used to demonstrate that the narrow range of microlens timescales observed toward the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) is probably not consistent with lensing by a widely distributed spheroidal population of large velocity dispersion, as expected of a dark halo; but is consistent with lensing within a rotating thick disk. Poor numerical conditioning on the statistical connection between lens masses and event timescales, and small number statistics, severely limit the mass function information obtainable from current microlensing surveys toward the LMC.

  9. Nonlocal quantum information transfer without superluminal signalling and communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Walleczek; Gerhard Groessing

    2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    It is a frequent assumption that - via superluminal information transfers - superluminal signals capable of enabling communication are necessarily exchanged in any quantum theory that posits hidden superluminal influences. However, does the presence of hidden superluminal influences automatically imply superluminal signalling and communication? The non-signalling theorem mediates the apparent conflict between quantum mechanics and the theory of special relativity. However, as a 'no-go' theorem there exist two opposing interpretations of the non-signalling constraint: foundational and operational. Concerning Bell's theorem, we argue that Bell employed both interpretations at different times. Bell finally pursued an explicitly operational position on non-signalling which is often associated with ontological quantum theory, e.g., de Broglie-Bohm theory. This position we refer to as "effective non-signalling". By contrast, associated with orthodox quantum mechanics is the foundational position referred to here as "axiomatic non-signalling". In search of a decisive communication-theoretic criterion for differentiating between "axiomatic" and "effective" non-signalling, we employ the operational framework offered by Shannon's mathematical theory of communication. We find that an effective non-signalling theorem represents two sub-theorems, which we call (1) non-transfer-control (NTC) theorem, and (2) non-signification-control (NSC) theorem. Employing NTC and NSC theorems, we report that effective, instead of axiomatic, non-signalling is entirely sufficient for prohibiting nonlocal communication. An effective non-signalling theorem allows for nonlocal quantum information transfer yet - at the same time - effectively denies superluminal signalling and communication.

  10. Mass of Cu-57

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gagliardi, Carl A.; Semon, D. R.; Tribble, Robert E.; Vanausdeln, L. A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the experimental and theoretical Coulomb displacement energies for similar cases in A =17 and 41 has been attributed~ to ground state correlations in the nuclear wave functions. It is in- teresting to examine the mass 57 mirror nuclei to investi- gate... indicated. Reference 9. 'Reference 7. Reference 6. 'This work. 34 MASS OF Cu 1665 the 3=57 Coulomb displacement energy, using radial wave functions obtained in a spherical Hartree-Fock cal- culation, assuming a closed Ni core, and including...

  11. CONSTRAINING INTERMEDIATE-MASS BLACK HOLES IN GLOBULAR CLUSTERS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Umbreit, Stefan; Rasio, Frederic A., E-mail: s-umbreit@northwestern.edu, E-mail: rasio@northwestern.edu [Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, 2145 Sheridan Rd, Evanston, IL 60208 (United States)

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Decades after the first predictions of intermediate-mass black holes (IMBHs) in globular clusters (GCs) there is still no unambiguous observational evidence for their existence. The most promising signatures for IMBHs are found in the cores of GCs, where the evidence now comes from the stellar velocity distribution, the surface density profile, and, for very deep observations, the mass-segregation profile near the cluster center. However, interpretation of the data, and, in particular, constraints on central IMBH masses, require the use of detailed cluster dynamical models. Here we present results from Monte Carlo cluster simulations of GCs that harbor IMBHs. As an example of application, we compare velocity dispersion, surface brightness and mass-segregation profiles with observations of the GC M10, and constrain the mass of a possible central IMBH in this cluster. We find that, although M10 does not seem to possess a cuspy surface density profile, the presence of an IMBH with a mass up to 0.75% of the total cluster mass, corresponding to about 600 M{sub Sun }, cannot be excluded. This is also in agreement with the surface brightness profile, although we find it to be less constraining, as it is dominated by the light of giants, causing it to fluctuate significantly. We also find that the mass-segregation profile cannot be used to discriminate between models with and without IMBH. The reason is that M10 is not yet dynamically evolved enough for the quenching of mass segregation to take effect. Finally, detecting a velocity dispersion cusp in clusters with central densities as low as in M10 is extremely challenging, and has to rely on only 20-40 bright stars. It is only when stars with masses down to 0.3 M{sub Sun} are included that the velocity cusp is sampled close enough to the IMBH for a significant increase above the core velocity dispersion to become detectable.

  12. Heat transfer enhancement in single-phase forced convection with blockages and in two-phase pool boiling with nano-structured surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahn, Hee Seok

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The first study researched turbulent forced convective heat (mass) transfer down- stream of blockages with round and elongated holes in a rectangular channel. The blockages and the channel had the same cross section, and a distance equal to twice...

  13. Comment on "A three-loop radiative neutrino mass model with dark matter" [Phys. Lett. B 741 (2015) 163

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geng, Chao-Qiang; Tsai, Lu-Hsing

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We revisit the calculation of the three-loop diagrams for the radiative neutrino mass generation and consider some relevant constraints on the model recently proposed by L. Jin {\\it et al} [Phys. Lett. B 741 (2015) 163]. We find that the previous approximation is inappropriate due to the neglect of some important contributions, and the benchmark point proposed can neither give rise to enough neutrino masses nor accommodate these additional constraints, such as the validity of the perturbation theory, the electroweak precision measurements, and the neutrinoless double beta decays.

  14. Attn Technology Transfer Questions.txt - Notepad

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Attn Technology Transfer Questions.txt From: eschaput esandc@prodigy.net Sent: Monday, January 26, 2009 10:31 PM To: GC-62 Subject: Attn: Technology Transfer Questions We have...

  15. Data Communication Principles Reliable Data Transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramkumar, Mahalingam

    Data Communication Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer Data Communication Basics Mahalingam Ramkumar Mississippi State University, MS September 8, 2014 Ramkumar CSE 4153 / 6153 #12;Data Communication Principles Switching Reliable Data Transfer 1 Data Communication Principles Data Rate of a Communication

  16. Direct transfer of graphene onto flexible substrates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araujo, P. T.

    In this paper we explore the direct transfer via lamination of chemical vapor deposition graphene onto different flexible substrates. The transfer method investigated here is fast, simple, and does not require an intermediate ...

  17. Power transfer through strongly coupled resonances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurs, André

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using self-resonant coils in a strongly coupled regime, we experimentally demonstrate efficient non-radiative power transfer over distances of up to eight times the radius of the coils. We use this system to transfer 60W ...

  18. Engineering nanocarbon interfaces for electron transfer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hilmer, Andrew J. (Andrew Joseph)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-transfer reactions at nanometer-scale interfaces, such as those presented by single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs), are important for emerging optoelectronic and photovoltaic technologies. Electron transfer also ...

  19. ASME Journal of Heat Transfer Vol. 121(3), pp.646-652, 1999

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Tianshou

    1 ASME Journal of Heat Transfer Vol. 121(3), pp.646-652, 1999 Variations of Buoyancy-Induced Mass Assistant Professor, Assoc. Mem. ASME Q. Liao* Research Associate P. Cheng Professor, Fellow ASME Department-8647; Fax: (852) 2358-1543. * Permanent Address: Dept. of Thermal Power Engineering, Chongqing University

  20. Waste Feed Delivery Transfer System Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    JULYK, L.J.

    2000-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a documented basis for the required design pressure rating and pump pressure capacity of the Hanford Site waste-transfer system in support of the waste feed delivery to the privatization contractor for vitrification. The scope of the analysis includes the 200 East Area double-shell tank waste transfer pipeline system and the associated transfer system pumps for a11 Phase 1B and Phase 2 waste transfers from AN, AP, AW, AY, and A2 Tank Farms.