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Sample records for masai mayan languages

  1. A Tale of Two Mam Children: Contact-Induced Language Change in Mayan Child Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pye, Clifton

    2013-10-01

    households . Existing studies of bilingualism in Mayan communities are based on in- terviews with adolescent and adult speakers (Brown 1998, Collins 2005, and Garzon 1998) . The Brown and Garzon studies established that Kaqchikel Maya communities relatively... into Spanish and by interpreting his brother’s utterances for the adults . MIG also speaks more often than any of the other participants, and provides a background narrative in Spanish throughout the session . Later in the session, NOR’s mother offers...

  2. Mayan Telegraphese: Intonational Determinants of Inflectional Development in Quiché Mayan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pye, Clifton

    1983-09-01

    -tional structure of the language they are learning. 1. I collected longitudinal records from four Quiche Mayan children (aged 2;0 to 3;0 when I began) living in the highland village of Zunil, Guatemala. I visited the children in their homes over a nine... in prefabricated routines. (c) 'If [morpheme] x has low frequency and low perceptual salience, and is verbally con-ditioned [sic] and expressive of a semantic modulation, then it will be completely absent from Stage I.' The next step is to apply these predictions...

  3. Risk of sexually transmitted infections among Mayan women in rural Guatemala whose partners are migrant workers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ikeda, JM; Schaffer, JR; Ixcot, MLS; Page, K; Hearst, N

    2014-01-01

    aids/ Countries/lac/guatemala_profile.pdf (2010). AccessedHIV and AIDS study among Mayan populations in Guatemala.Guatemala City: National HIV/AIDS program and UN Population

  4. Language Futures from Uprooted Pasts: Emergent Language Activism in the Mayan Diaspora of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Sonya

    2015-01-01

    Power, and Politics in Guatemala. Austin: U of Texas. Burns,Land of the Holy Spirit: Guatemala under General Efrai? nof the Devil: A History of Guatemala. Boston, MA: South End.

  5. Programming Languages Jens Palsberg

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palsberg, Jens

    Programming Languages Jens Palsberg Purdue University November 27, 2004 1 Introduction The goal of a programming language is to make it easier to build software. A programming language can help make software languages in the future? Many programming languages are in use today, and new languages are designed every

  6. Language Interoperability and Logic Programming Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Jonathan J

    We discuss P#, our implementation of a tool which allows interoperation between a concurrent superset of the Prolog programming language and C#. This enables Prolog to be used as a native implementation language for Microsoft's .NET platform. P...

  7. Second Language Education Certificate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of our German, Italian or Spanish Modern Languages pamphlets. This certificate allows you to approach

  8. Situating language and consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almotahari, Mahrad

    2011-01-01

    Language and consciousness enrich our lives. But they are rare commodities; most creatures are language-less and unconscious. This dissertation is about the conditions that distinguish the haves from the have-nots. The ...

  9. English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    English Language Policy 1 English Language Policy Abstract This Policy sets out the University their courses of study. Dates Policy approved Policy takes effect Policy is due for review (up to five years) 03/11/2010 22/11/2010 11/2015 Policy amendment approved Policy amendment takes effect 11/12/2014 19

  10. Language Independence and Language Tolerance in Logic Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Hudson

    Language Independence and Language Tolerance in Logic Programs Norman McCain and Hudson Turner of a logic program depend in general upon both the rules of the program and its language. However of the program in only a restricted way. In this paper, we de ne notions of language independence and language

  11. Ensure Program Correctness Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    Ensure Program Correctness Programming Languages and Formal Methods Research Group Lab Coordinator Bow-Yaw Wang The Programming Languages and Formal Methods Research Group develops techniques to help ensure program correctness. Our research in programming languages focuses on syntactic, semantic

  12. Indigenous Language Education in Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawan, Ciwas

    2009-01-01

    of indigenous history in Taiwan, 1-23. Taipei: Avanguardtextbook: Paiwan Language. Pingtung, Taiwan. ———. 1993b.Rukai Language. Pingtung, Taiwan. Song, S—T. 1995. The

  13. Gemini: A Natural Language System for Spoken-Language Understanding*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for spoken language applications. This paper describes the details of the system, and includes rele- vant

  14. A compiler writing language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richers, Louis William

    1967-01-01

    "pure" language nor is it intended to be a language with which to write efficient production- type compilers. CHAPTER I I BASIC CONCEPTS CWL is similar to other problem-oriented computer languages in structure and in the manner in which... then be used in procedures and within program loops. Consider the following statements: (LABEL 1) BEGIN J = J + l. MOVE TAB TO CHAR(J). END (STEP2) FOR I, LE. 72 BEGIN IF CHAR (I) = '. ' THEN GO TO FINISH. END (STEP3) The names within parentheses...

  15. Topics in Programming Languages! ! CISC 860*! ! ! Fall 2014! !The Structure and Design of Programming Languages!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Topics in Programming Languages! ! CISC 860*! ! ! Fall 2014! !The Structure and Design of Programming Languages! !An advanced course in the design and evaluation of programming languages: history and evolution of programming languages, relation to programming methodology; principles of programming language

  16. Language acquisition and implication for language change: A computational model. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Robert A J

    1997-01-01

    Computer modeling techniques, when applied to language acquisition problems, give an often unrealized insight into the diachronic change that occurs in language over successive generations. This paper shows that using ...

  17. Language switching in bilinguals: Understanding of Bilinguals’ Language Production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purmohammad, Mehdi

    2012-09-12

    bilingual language production. The effect of the grammar of the other language increased in the switch conditions. More inappropriate responses observed when switching from bilinguals’ L2 to L1. I interpret the results in terms of Hartsuiker and Pickering...

  18. LanguageLand : a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Vivienne C. (Vivienne Catherine)

    2004-01-01

    LanguageLand is a multimodal conversational spoken language learning system whose purpose is to help native English users learn Mandarin Chinese. The system is centered on a game that involves navigation on a simulated ...

  19. Turtle: A Constraint Imperative Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hofstedt, Petra

    Turtle: A Constraint Imperative Programming Language Martin Grabm¨uller and Petra Hofstedt of the programming language Turtle, which inte- grates declarative constraints and imperative language elements Introduction Programming languages can be divided into two main categories: imperative and declarative

  20. Language Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stahl, Hillary

    2011-11-23

    There is little research on language involvement in MS, though the studies that do exist indicate a wide variety of language impairments. No comprehensive study has yet been done investigating MS abilities in all the major ...

  1. Natural language and spatial reasoning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tellex, Stefanie, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Making systems that understand language has long been a dream of artificial intelligence. This thesis develops a model for understanding language about space and movement in realistic situations. The system understands ...

  2. A Linguistics Oriented Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan R.

    1973-02-01

    A programming language for natural language processing programs is described. Examples of the output of programs written using it are given. The reasons for various design decisions are discussed. An actual session with ...

  3. SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    SPEECH-LANGUAGE- HEARING CLINIC AT OSU-TULSA The OSU-Tulsa Speech-Language-Hearing Clinic provides comprehensive services to the Tulsa metropolitan area while offering training opportunities for graduate communication (AAC) OSU-TULSA SPEECH-LANGUAGE-HEARING CLINIC North Hall 391 700 N. Greenwood Avenue Tulsa, OK

  4. Language Issues for Cognitive Radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokar, Mieczyslaw M.

    INVITED P A P E R Language Issues for Cognitive Radio Computer languages that may be useful for expressing cognitive radio concepts are identified and evaluated in this tutorial paper. By Mieczyslaw M aspects of formal languages in the context of cognitive radio. A bottom up approach is taken in which

  5. Sounds & Music Is language special?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Sounds & Music #12;Is language special? · "Language is a complex, specialized skill, which develops abilities to process information or behave intelligently." (Pinker, 1995: 18) #12;What about music? LANGUAGE cognitive abilities MUSIC · Complex skill · Exists in all human cultures · Develops in child spontaneously

  6. Programming Languages --Trends in Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, David A.

    Programming Languages -- Trends in Education David A Watt Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. E­mail: daw@dcs.gla.ac.uk. Abstract Programming languages component of the curriculum, and the choice of languages in which students learn to program has a major

  7. Stochastic Programming from Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    i i i i Chapter 1 Stochastic Programming from Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere1 and Jacek for mathematical programs. Algebraic modeling languages provide facility for the management of a math- ematical to deal with uncertain future 1 #12;i i i i 2 Chapter 1. Stochastic Programming from Modeling Languages

  8. Cross Language Transfer and Foreign Language Learning Motivation in English and Chinese 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Eunhee

    2014-11-12

    This dissertation investigated two issues: cross-language transfer among three typologically distant languages—Korean, English, and Chinese—and the language learning motivation of Korean students as it relates to two foreign languages...

  9. The acquisition of ergative languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pye, Clifton

    1990-01-05

    -neutral notions rather than onto the language-specific categories of meaning in the adult language. His discussion of the acquisition of accusative and ergative inflections assumes that both are initially unanalyzed units associated with the manipulative activity... marking, word order, etc., seems to reflect the morphological pattern of the adult lan-guage from the beginning. Pinker (1984) addresses the acquisition of morphological ergativity in several sections of his book. He employs the mechanism of semantic...

  10. Grammar as a Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowe, Neil

    1976-10-01

    This paper discusses some student projects involving generative grammars. While grammars are usually associated with linguisitics, their usefuleness goes far beyond just "language" to make different domains. Their ...

  11. Language Maintenance And Language Renewal Among Cherokee People in Oklahoma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Barbara J.

    1992-01-01

    to forfeit culture and language. Today remnants of some Indian tribes are striving to find ways to maintain or renew their own languages. This paper explores some of the issues involved, and then focuses on efforts to maintain and renew Oklahoma Cherokee....

  12. Heidegger and the Philosophy of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Wayne D.

    in the remainder of my paper: BT: Martin Heidegger, Being and Time, trans. John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson (New York: Harper & Row, 1962), OTB: On Time and Being, trans. Joan Stambaugh (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1972), OWL: Martin Heidegger... language. If language everywhere withholds its nature in this sense, then such withholding is in the very nature of language. (OWL, p. 81) HEIDEGGER AND LANGUAGE 55 There remains something about language and about speaking a language that slips...

  13. Arts & Humanities Languages, Linguistics, & Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interdisciplinary Studies BA Japanese BA MA PhD Journalism BA Korean BA MA PhD Library & Information MA Sciences & Translation Studies Language Learning Center National Foreign Language Resource Center The Colleges of Arts of undergraduate and graduate degrees conferred are in Arts & Sciences disciplines, indicative of the key role

  14. A functional quantum programming language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thorsten Altenkirch; Jonathan Grattage

    2005-04-19

    We introduce the language QML, a functional language for quantum computations on finite types. Its design is guided by its categorical semantics: QML programs are interpreted by morphisms in the category FQC of finite quantum computations, which provides a constructive semantics of irreversible quantum computations realisable as quantum gates. QML integrates reversible and irreversible quantum computations in one language, using first order strict linear logic to make weakenings explicit. Strict programs are free from decoherence and hence preserve superpositions and entanglement - which is essential for quantum parallelism.

  15. Realizability for programming languages. Christophe Raffalli

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realizability for programming languages. Christophe Raffalli 29 mars au 4 avril 2010 `a Chamb´ery Abstract We present a toy functional programming language inspired by our work on the PML language [22 by Church [3] in the 30's as a universal programming language based on the sole notion of a function

  16. Practical Foundations for Programming Languages SECOND EDITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Peter B.

    D RA FT Practical Foundations for Programming Languages SECOND EDITION Robert Harper Carnegie principle of the theory of programming languages. Language fea- tures are manifestations of type structure by the interactions among those constructs. The soundness of a language design--the absence of ill-defined programs

  17. English Language Studies Program Description The English Language Studies Program is designed to improve students' Academic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    09/2014 English Language Studies Program Description The English Language Studies Program Language Studies 40 (Advanced) English Language Studies 50 (University Bridge) Program Level Description-moderate English language proficiency in reading, writing, listening, and speaking. The program focuses on applied

  18. The mystery of language evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hauser, Marc D.

    Understanding the evolution of language requires evidence regarding origins and processes that led to change. In the last 40 years, there has been an explosion of research on this problem as well as a sense that considerable ...

  19. The integration hypothesis of human language evolution and the nature of contemporary languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyagawa, Shigeru

    How human language arose is a mystery in the evolution of Homo sapiens. Miyagawa et al. (2013) put forward a proposal, which we will call the Integration Hypothesis of human language evolution, that holds that human language ...

  20. Second Language Acquisitionnd Language Acquisition In a global society, knowing several languages is vital for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    is vital for communication, commerce, and even civility in international discourse. With many nations tense). In a global society, knowing several languages is vital for communication, commerce, and even civility

  1. Freehand Sketch Recognition for Computer-Assisted Language Learning of Written East Asian Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taele, Paul Piula

    2011-02-22

    of Written East Asian Languages. (December 2010) Paul Piula Taele, B.S., The University of Texas at Austin Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Tracy Hammond One of the challenges students face in studying an East Asian (EA) language (e.g., Chinese..., Japanese, and Korean) as a second language is mastering their selected language?s written component. This is especially true for students with native fluency of English and deficient written fluency of another EA language. In order to alleviate...

  2. Language and Framework Support for Reviewably-Secure Software Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mettler, Adrian Matthew

    2012-01-01

    1.1.2 Programming Languages and Abstractions . . . . . . . .security properties. Languages and programming idioms thatJ. Popek. Report on the programming language Euclid. SIGPLAN

  3. Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to ProgrammingLanguage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Induction, Domains, Calculi: Strachey's Contributions to Programming­Language Engineering David A pioneered the analysis of programming languages in terms of semantic features. Three of Strachey programming languages designed by programming­language experts? Sometimes they are, but the requirements

  4. Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, Anthony

    Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming Anthony J. Bonner transaction languages. This paper focuses on the latter issue: languages for specifying non, a deductive language that integrates queries, updates, and transaction composition in a simple logical

  5. Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, Anthony

    Transaction Datalog: A Compositional Language for Transaction Programming Anthony J. Bonner management, and new transaction languages. This paper focuses on the latter issue: languages for specifying Transac­ tion Datalog, a deductive language that integrates queries, updates, and transaction composition

  6. Kansas and Foreign Language Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1959-09-01

    C"lcnt to ('n;1 hIe a person to live in a fnr­ cign envirunnl('nt withoul sulkrillg ulUluly fmm a 1;lIlguage handicap (or a ('ol11p;n'ahle ahililY 10 ahsnrh ;nul as.o;nciatc c'nne'cpts ;nul icleas in nne of Ihe dali.o;it"al lallguagcs). This prufidcnry :.hall... such as tapes, tape recorders. :lnd other e(luipment for a language laboratory. Sume money will be available undcr the "Natinnal Defense Educatiun Act of 195R," e. Encourage teachers to allend foreign language institutes, either slImnH'r or fil...

  7. Is language necessary for thinking about thoughts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Sarah

    2013-08-14

    This paper considers one aspect of the relationship between language and thought, focusing on a theory proposed by José Luis Bermúdez. Bermúdez argues that language is required for any kinds of thinking that involve thinking ...

  8. Lagrangian relaxation for natural language decoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rush, Alexander M. (Alexander Matthew)

    2014-01-01

    The major success story of natural language processing over the last decade has been the development of high-accuracy statistical methods for a wide-range of language applications. The availability of large textual data ...

  9. Machine Translation: Introduction to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David A.

    ... ... into the various ... ... into the nuclear ... ... into the bargain ... ... into the situation ... 4 #12;Phrase language blog is about politics? Cross-language information retrieval? Flagging news stories about

  10. Paraphrastic recurrent neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Chen, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2015-04-22

    ), “Hierarchical probabilistic neural network language model,” in Proc. International work- shop on artificial intelligence and statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp. 246–252. [24] M. Mohri (1997), “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing...

  11. Language, Ideology and Politics in Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapovi?, Mate

    2011-02-01

    Based in part on his recent book ?iji je jezik? (Who does Language Belong to?), the author reviews the intricate relation of language, ideology, and politics in Croatia in the last 20 years, including new examples and analyses. The article...

  12. Linguistic Alignment in Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halberg, Gabrielle Manya

    2013-01-01

    that are instantiated at generation time. . . . . . . . .that are instantiated at generation time. . Illustration ofin Natural Language Generation by Gabrielle Halberg

  13. Introduction 1.1 Model Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, John C.

    Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Model Programming Languages The mathematical analysis of programming procedure call mechanisms, we might begin by identifying a simple programming language whose main constructs are procedure declara- tions and calls. We may then analyze this simpli#12;ed programming language without

  14. Programming Language Semantics David A. Schmidt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, David A.

    Programming Language Semantics David A. Schmidt Department of Computing and Information Sciences Kansas State University October 24, 1995 A programming language possesses two fundamental features: syntax and semantics. Syntax refers to the appearance of the well­formed programs of the language

  15. On the Expressive Power of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobin-Hochstadt, Sam

    On the Expressive Power of Programming Languages Matthias Felleisen \\Lambda Department of Computer Science Rice University Houston, TX 77251­1892 Abstract The literature on programming languages contains an abundance of in­ formal claims on the relative expressive power of programming languages

  16. Language Based Software Engineering Gopal Gupta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Gopal

    's task. In contrast, if we had a language that was right at the level of abstraction at which the user, etc.) to be developed. Imagine developing a method similar to long division for the Roman numeral languages has come about due to our desire to find the "right" language that will make it easy

  17. Paraphrastic Neural Network Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01

    Intelligence and Statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp.246-252. [24] M. Mohri (1997). “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing”, Computational Linguistics, 23:2, 1997. [25] J. Park, X. Liu, M. J. F. Gales and P. C. Woodland (2010), “Improved neural...

  18. Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through Human Brains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    1 Self-Organisation of a Learnable Language: What Happens When an Alien Language Replicates through initial alien language, as it is replicated through successive `generations' of language learners in three. (2008). In this paradigm, a subject is given a random initial `alien language' to learn. The language

  19. Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaroubi, Saleem

    Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test Put your language skills to the test Language.rug.nl/languagecentrewww.rug.nl/languagecentre The Language Centre provides a test of language competence which can be used by students, prospective students abroad. The test covers all four skills: writing, reading, listening and speaking. The writing, reading

  20. Programming Language Feature Agglomeration Jeremy Singer Callum Cameron Marc Alexander

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singer, Jeremy

    Programming Language Feature Agglomeration Jeremy Singer Callum Cameron Marc Alexander University systems. In this paper, we argue that feature-creep also occurs in the domain of programming languages in modern languages that have evolved from earlier languages. 1. Introduction As programming language theory

  1. Practical Extensions in Agent Programming Languages Mehdi Dastani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dastani, Mehdi

    Practical Extensions in Agent Programming Languages Mehdi Dastani Utrecht University to improve the practi- cal application of existing BDI-based agent-oriented programming languages that have and declarative programming languages. Categories and Subject Descriptors D.3.3 [Programming Languages]: Language

  2. Designing a Language for Spatial Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Werner; Ballatore, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    including visual programming languages (VPL). 1 Yet, thislanguages. Python is strongly dynamically typed, favors proce- dural and object-oriented programming,

  3. THE NOP2 MODELING LANGUAGE Hermann Schichl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    , convex relaxations. # supported by project COCONUT IST­2000­26063 285 #12; MODELING LANGUAGES stopped meantime, and authors work the COCONUT [40] project towards solver platform global optimization

  4. The integration of language with perceptual systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Jennifer Blair

    2011-01-01

    related brain potential (ERP). Annu. Rev. Psychol. 62, 621–language com- prehension? ERP evidence from the Februarya property verification task: an ERP study of what happens

  5. The electrophysiology of language perception and production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flinker, Adeen

    2012-01-01

    1977b) The perception and production of voice onset time inactivity during word production in spoken and sign language.cortex during speech production. Psychophysiology 42:180-

  6. Cybersecurity Procurement Language for Energy Delivery Systems

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    delivery system from multiple Suppliers. Maintaining appropriate cybersecurity in such a system may require additional language that ensures the secure integration of components,...

  7. Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS

    Evolution of language The interest of the Pragmatics and cognition team for the evolution of the evolution of language wetted our apetites and some members of the team (i.e. Anne Reboul) are still actively engaged in research on the evolution of language. The well-known difficulties regarding this domain

  8. Academic Language Proficiency Development and Its Impact on Reading Comprehension: Within and Across Languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spies, Tracy

    2012-07-16

    A path model of second language (L2; English) oral language and reading comprehension variables was tested on a sample of 100 Spanish-speaking English-language learners enrolled in a transitional bilingual program over a 3-year period. The data...

  9. Course Information SER 221 Programming Languages and Their Execution Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · · · · · · · · · Course Information SER 221 Programming Languages and Their Execution Environment Catalog Description Introduces the fundamental programming language concepts of data, type, control, abstraction, and structure; software development and execution environments; programming language paradigms

  10. REGISTRATION FORM CUNY GRADUATE CENTER LANGUAGE READING PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson Jr.,, Ray

    REGISTRATION FORM CUNY GRADUATE CENTER LANGUAGE READING PROGRAM First name order payable to CUNY GRADUATE CENTER and send it to the CUNY Graduate Center Language Reading Program: ________________________________________ Date: ____________________ If a course is cancelled by the Language Reading Program, registrants

  11. Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements½ Paul Graunke½ Shriram Summary Programmers constantly design, implement, and program in little languages. Two different ap language's syntactic and semantic structure, but also its programming en- vironment. We illustrate the idea

  12. Language assessment instruments: a study of language dominance tests in the Rio Grande Valley 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcion Maria

    1976-01-01

    of their children's language use i s a useful and valid cri teri on s i nce they have the opportuni ty of regularly observing thei r children's language behavior in the home-family domain and in various role-relationships. Definition of Terms l. language... in the Rio Grande Valley; 3) to determine the degree and the nature of' correlation between parent, al language census data concerning language dominance of their children in the home-family domain as measured by the Home Bilingual Usage Estimate and test...

  13. Language of the Internet NAOMI S. BARON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    processing to facilitate working on the Internet and the World Wide Web (1.3) Section 2 Linguistic Issues for Communicating via the Web 1 As with so many aspects of the computing world, the nature of the language of this chapter. #12;2 summarize the types of Web coding systems (4.1) present an overview of Web markup languages

  14. Resources for Urdu Language Processing Sarmad Hussain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Processing National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences B Block, Faisal Town, Lahore, Pakistan the cor- pus and lexical resources being developed for Urdu by the CRULP, in Pakistan. 1 Introduction Urdu is the national language of Pakistan and one of the state languages of India and has more than 60 million first

  15. Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gondzio, Jacek

    Optimization Modeling Languages Emmanuel Fragni`ere HEC, Department of Management, University, 1999 1 #12;Abstract The access to advanced optimization software needs more and more sophisticated modeling tools. Optimization modeling languages are tools that facilitate the decision making process based

  16. A pattern language for sacred secular places 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph, Melanie Rachel

    2006-08-16

    Â?Pattern LanguageÂ? is a term popularized by Christopher Alexander and his coauthors of the book A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction, Sara Ishikawa, and Murray Silverstein in the late 1970Â?s. Though intended to enable every citizen...

  17. Natural Language Processing on the Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    Natural Language Processing on the Web Guy Lapalme RALI-DIRO, Université de Montréal ! http://www.iro.umontreal.ca/~lapalme #12;Overview · What is Natural Language Processing (NLP) · NLP for the Web · The Web for NLP 2 #12 recognition 5 #12;http://rali.iro.umontreal.ca #12;NLP for the syntactic Web search engines · NLP saved

  18. Programme Handbook MA in English Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Molinari, Marc

    Programme Handbook 2014-15 MA in English Language Teaching: Online #12;© Modern Languages of postgraduate study at one of the UK's leading research universities. The Handbook should be read in conjunction with the 2014-15 student information available on SUSSED and the Graduate School Handbook produced

  19. The Blue Language1 Michael Klling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    1 The Blue Language1 Michael Kölling School of Computer Science and Software Engineering Monash. The system we are about to discuss is named Blue. Blue is an integrated programming environment and an object. In this issue, we discuss the language aspects of Blue. Next month we will continue the discussion by describing

  20. Language processing and the thesaurus Yorick Wilks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilks, Yorick

    Language processing and the thesaurus Yorick Wilks University of Sheffield Abstract The purpose of this paper is to argue that two different features of a classic thesaurus like Roget (an abstract universal but important work of Masterman and Sparck Jones on the role of the thesaurus as a key language processing tool

  1. Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koehn, Philipp

    Factored Language Models for Statistical Machine Translation Amittai E. Axelrod TH E U N I V E R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 2.4.3 Log-Linear, Phrase-Based Translation Models . . . . . . . . . 11 3 Statistical Language S ITY OF E D I N B U R G H Master of Science by Research Institute for Communicating and Collaborative

  2. Course Guide Linguistics and English Language 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Handbook 7. Tutorials 8. Assessment Information 9. Learn 10. Contact Details for Staff on the Course 11 and English Language School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;Page in a coherent and systematic way. 2. To introduce you to the fundamental terminology and analytic concepts

  3. Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products Document covers sample language that...

  4. Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Galloway, Martha; Mahadevan, Lakshmi; Mason, Ben; Irby, Beverly J.; Brown, Genevieve; Gó mez, Leo

    2010-09-29

    stream_source_info CBAReport.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 92520 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name CBAReport.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 Texas Dual Language Program Cost..., Texas January 2005 Texas Dual Language Program Cost Analysis 2 For Inquiries Contact 979-845-2599 Texas A&M University Bilingual Education Programs To view the Texas Directory of Dual Language Programs See http...

  5. DOES THE SPOKEN LANGUAGE HELP OR HINDER THE SPELLING IN THE SECOND LANGUAGE? A CASE OF INDONESIAN AND ACEHNESE LANGUAGE 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yulia, Astri

    2010-07-14

    The general purpose of this study was to examine the spelling of five phonemes that are similar in Acehnese and Indonesian but represented by different graphemes in the two languages. This study aimed to see whether the ...

  6. Query Languages and Tools for XML Documents and Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, John A.

    review the evolution of query languages starting in 1974 with SEQUEL and leading to today's SQL3 and OQLv.2 as well as emerging languages based on XML. Figure (1) depicts this evolution of query languages of the the object­oriented DBMS (OODBMS). The current OQL (Object Query Language, v.2) [Cattell et al., 1997] as we

  7. Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaroubi, Saleem

    Knowledge to go places Language Centre English Test Put your language skills to the test #12;www.rug.nl/languagecentrewww.rug.nl/languagecentre The Language Centre provides a test of language competence which can be used by students, prospective students abroad. The test covers all four skills: writing, reading, listening and speaking. The writing, reading

  8. Department of Humanities Advanced Certificate in Modern Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Language and Area Study in French, German or Spanish must first complete the requirements: _____French (AFR) _____German (AGE) _____Spanish (ASP) I. Advanced Modern Language Seminar (3 credits required in Literature and Film ____ HU4291 Modern Language Seminar I ­ Spanish: Language and Power ____ HU4292 Modern

  9. IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Seattle, 1992 Dominoes and Storyboards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for visual programming languages have adhered to a set pattern: fixed pictures symbolizing program components visual programming languages are "icons on strings" The dream of visual programming has been to replace textual programming languages as the medium through which computers are instructed with a language

  10. What Makes a Good Programming Language ? Uday P. Khedker

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khedker, Uday

    What Makes a Good Programming Language ? Uday P. Khedker Technical Report TR­97­upk­1 (October 1997) Department of Computer Science University of Pune Pune 411007 #12; What Makes a Good Programming Language A useful programming language need not possess the qualities that may make it a good programming language

  11. Standard ML as a Meta-Programming Language Samuel Kamin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamin, Sam

    Standard ML as a Meta-Programming Language Samuel Kamin Computer Science Dept. University of Illinois Urbana, Illinois s-kamin@uiuc.edu September 20, 1996 Abstract Meta-programming languages, or program generators, are languages whose programs pro- duce programs in other languages. We show how

  12. Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strickland, Stevie

    Little Languages and their Programming Environments John Clements½ Paul T. Graunke½ Shriram constantly design, implement, and program in little languages. Two different approaches to the implementation of little language designers to a badly neglected area: the programming environments of little languages. We

  13. Transaction Datalog: a Compositional Language for Transaction Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonner, Anthony

    Transaction Datalog: a Compositional Language for Transaction Programming Anthony J. Bonner International Work­ shop on Database Programming Languages (DBPL), Estes Park, Colorado, August 18--20 1997 languages. This paper focuses on the latter issue: languages for specifying non­classical transactions

  14. NLP and Linguistics Introduction to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David A.

    guess: Just as good? 6 #12;More data needed to decide 7 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus 8 #12;Poverty frequencies of language Remember: Language = set of strings 9 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children frequencies of language 10 #12;Poverty of the Stimulus (1957) Children listen to language Children

  15. Brain Mechanisms in Early Language Acquisition Patricia K. Kuhl1,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    attest, infants' neural commitment to the elementary units of language begins early, and the review showNeuron Review Brain Mechanisms in Early Language Acquisition Patricia K. Kuhl1,* 1Institute of the phonetic units of language requires learning in a social context. Neuroscience on early language learning

  16. Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stromswold, Karin

    Stromswold, Evolution & Genetics of Language 1 Genetics and the Evolution of Language: What genetic studies reveal about the evolution of language Karin Stromswold Rutgers University ­ New Brunswick Abstract. In this paper I argue that genetic studies of language provide insights about the evolution

  17. Designing a Language for Spatial Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, Werner; Ballatore, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    detailed vector data representing building roofs and otherbuilding footprint obtained from aerial photography by comparing it to ground survey data.building block for our domain-specific language consists of its ab- stract data

  18. Language design for distributed stream processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan Rhodes, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Applications that combine live data streams with embedded, parallel, and distributed processing are becoming more commonplace. WaveScript is a domain-specific language that brings high-level, type-safe, garbage-collected ...

  19. ACE Project Service Command Language Specifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kansas, University of

    .S.Air Force and the DefenseAdvanced Research ProjectsAgency under contract no. F30602-00-2-0581 and our development team the freedom to mold the ACE environment as is seen fit. This language, based

  20. Learning and the language of thought

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piantadosi, Steven Thomas

    2011-01-01

    This thesis develops the hypothesis that key aspects of learning and development can be understood as rational statistical inferences over a compositionally structured representation system, a language of thought (LOT) ...

  1. BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BRASIL Language Specification March 9, 2010 #12;Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 Getting Started: Simulations in BRASIL 4 2.1 The State-Effect Design Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Supporting the State-Effect Pattern in BRASIL

  2. SSML: A speech synthesis markup language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Paul A; Isard, Amy

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes the Speech Synthesis Markup Language, SSML, which has been designed as a platform independent interface standard for speech synthesis systems. The paper discusses the need for standardisation in speech ...

  3. Decoding algorithms for complex natural language tasks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshpande, Pawan

    2007-01-01

    This thesis focuses on developing decoding techniques for complex Natural Language Processing (NLP) tasks. The goal of decoding is to find an optimal or near optimal solution given a model that defines the goodness of a ...

  4. A Communication Backend for Parallel Language Compilers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shewchuk, Jonathan

    A Communication Backend for Parallel Language Compilers James M. Stichnoth and Thomas Gross Carnegie Mellon University Abstract. Generating good communication code is an important issue for all system usually implement the communication generation routines (e.g., message buffer packing

  5. Do All Languages Have Word Accent?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyman, Larry M

    2012-01-01

    suppletion, and possible words. Language 83, 8- de Lacy,Ignacio. 2006. “Remarks on word-prosodic typology”, ms. toStressTyp: A Database for Word Accentual Patterns in the

  6. Saving Languages with Statistics Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    languages in the world have no written tradition For many others, limited literacy, or no electricity let (Somalia) Songhay (Mali) Tagalog (Philippines) Tetum (East Timor) Turkmen (Turkmenistan) Welsh (Wales

  7. THE NOP-2 MODELING LANGUAGE Hermann Schichl

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schichl, Hermann

    relaxations. supported by EU project COCONUT IST-2000-26063 285 #12;286 MODELING LANGUAGES IN MATHEMATICAL stopped in the meantime, and the authors work in the COCONUT [40] project towards a new solver platform

  8. A modular programming language for engineering design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coffee, Thomas Merritt

    2008-01-01

    We introduce a new universal model of computation called MDPL that generalizes other functional models like the lambda calculus and combinatory logic. This model leads naturally to a new type of programming language that ...

  9. The Study of Minority Languages in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    He, Zili

    1988-01-01

    The study of minority languages in the People's Republic of China, in the form of governmental organized research since the 1950s, has resulted in the recent publication of over fifty descriptive grammars. Some practical purposes of the study were...

  10. Celtic Language Technology and Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Celtic Language Technology and Open Data Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University 23 August 2014 #12 81405 tweets in Manx, 1.5M words Some blogs; about 120k words Texts/recordings/videos at learnmanx

  11. Investigating Dual Language Models: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luevanos-Clemente, Ruby Nicole

    2014-09-26

    The general purpose of this research was to identify the characteristics, along with differences, of the dual language (DL) programs in elementary schools in two central schools in Texas. A secondary purpose was to analyze test scores over time...

  12. Computational and evolutionary aspects of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niyogi, Partha

    of Mathematics, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago of this Review is to formulate a synthesis of formal language theory21,22 , learning theory23­28 and evolutionary

  13. Dealing with data from West Nilotic languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remijsen, Bert

    2014-08-26

    Since 2005, the author has been involved in several projects aimed at investigating and documenting the Western Nilotic languages Dinka and Shilluk. Over the years he has come to distinguish primarily between two types of data, a distinction which...

  14. Speech-enabled Systems for Language Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tewari, Anuj

    2013-01-01

    Society. 2001. [78] Anuj Tewari et al. “SPRING: Speech andLanguage Learning by Anuj Tewari A dissertation submitted inCopyright 2013 by Anuj Tewari Abstract Speech-enabled

  15. Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.

    2010-10-22

    /plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 WORKING PAPER Research on Second Language Acquisition 1 Running head: RESEARCH ON SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept Rafael Lara-Alecio, Ph... Research on Second Language Acquisition: A Democratic Educational Concept There are four issues and levels of significance regarding research on second language acquisition in the areas of economy, best educational practices, lack of research...

  16. Shifting Language Ideologies in Taiwan: The Folk Redefinition of Taiwan Mandarin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Spencer Chao-long

    2015-01-01

    Language and Characters of Taiwan: The National Language,ideology in multicultural Taiwan. Language and Linguisticsplanning and policy in Taiwan: Past, present, and future.

  17. CSCE 330: Programming Language Structures 1. Course number and name: CSCE 330: Programming Language Structures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valtorta, Marco

    as imperative (procedural), functional (applicative) or declarative (logic). · Generate and use syntax page 3 7. Topics covered and approximate weight (14 weeks, 3 hours/week, 42 hours total) 1. Evolution of major programming languages (2 hours) 2. Formal description of programming language syntax (4 hours) 3

  18. Cross-Language Information Retrieval Based on Category Matching Between Language Versions of a Web Directory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross-Language Information Retrieval Based on Category Matching Between Language Versions of a Web Directory Fuminori Kimura Graduate School of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology!). In the proposed method, feature terms are first extracted from Web documents for each category in the source

  19. Maryland's IGERT Program in Language Science Summary of Activities and Outcomes (Year 3: 2010-2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    5/11 Maryland's IGERT Program in Language Science Summary of Activities program in Language Science ("Biological and Computational Foundations of Language programs. Broader efforts to build a large and inter-connected language science

  20. Language: UG or Not to Be, That Is the Question

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolhuis, Johan J.

    Lieberman’s commentary [1] nicely illustrates our original argument [2] that analysis of language evolution is complicated by a lack of agreement about the concepts of both “language” and “evolution.” Here we address each ...

  1. Exploring figurative language processing in bilinguals: the metaphor interference effect 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Francisco Emigdio

    2005-02-17

    While studies suggest that figurative, or non-literal, meanings are automatically activated in single language users, little is known about how language proficiency may influence the automaticity of non-literal meaning ...

  2. Julia : an efficient dynamic language for technical computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bezanson, Jeffrey Werner

    2012-01-01

    Dynamic programming languages have become popular for scientific computing. They are generally considered highly productive, but lacking in performance. This thesis presents a new dynamic language for technical computing, ...

  3. SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bdard, Suzie Larrive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SPATIAL DATABASE MODELING WITH PICTOGRAMMIC LANGUAGES Yvan Bédard, Suzie Larrivée Dept of Geomatics Sciences Centre for Research in Geomatics Canada NSERC Industrial Research Chair in Geospatial Databases language extension, Spatial data modeling, Perceptory pictograms. DEFINITION "Spatial databases" consist

  4. What a Parallel Programming Language Has to Let You Say

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bawden, Alan

    1984-09-01

    We have implemented in simulation a prototype language for the Connection Machine called CL1. CL1 is an extrapolation of serial machine programming language technology: in CL1 one programs the individual processors ...

  5. The structure and implications of the global language network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronen, Shahar

    2013-01-01

    Languages vary enormously in global importance because of historical, demographic, political, and technological forces, and there has been much speculation about the current and future status of English as a global language. ...

  6. Syllables and the M Language : improving unknown word guessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacokes, M. Brian (Michael Brian)

    2008-01-01

    Despite the huge amount of computer data that exists today, the task of sharing information between organizations is still tackled largely on a case-by-case basis. The M Language is a data language that improves data sharing ...

  7. Origins of Language in relation to Sexual Selection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szeto, Pui Yiu

    2010-08-31

    Language can be viewed as sexual displays from an evolutionary perspective. As both sexes in humans contribute significantly to parental care, we can expect that both males and females use language to display their favourable ...

  8. EARLY LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT AND ITS NEURAL Elizabeth Bates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of different languages (Slobin, 1985-1997), in situa- tions of poverty and privilege (Hart & Risley, 1995

  9. Language discrimination and clustering via a neural network approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mariano, Angelo; Pascazio, Saverio

    2015-01-01

    We classify twenty-one Indo-European languages starting from written text. We use neural networks in order to define a distance among different languages, construct a dendrogram and analyze the ultrametric structure that emerges. Four or five subgroups of languages are identified, according to the "cut" of the dendrogram, drawn with an entropic criterion. The results and the method are discussed.

  10. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ LANGUAGES AND APPLIED LINGUISTICS DEPARTMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Pool Search: Spanish Language The Department of Languages and Applied Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Cruz is developing a pool of qualified temporary Spanish language instructors who could. Candidates are expected to have native or near-native proficiency in Spanish. RANK: Lecturer. SALARY

  11. Use Concurrent Programming Models to Motivate Teaching of Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    Use Concurrent Programming Models to Motivate Teaching of Programming Languages Gary T. Leavens CS-TR-08-04a April 2008, revised May 2008 Keywords: Programming language curriculum, concepts, concurrency;Use Concurrent Programming Models to Motivate Teaching of Programming Languages Gary T. Leavens

  12. A LOGIC PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE WITH LAMBDA-ABSTRACTION, FUNCTION VARIABLES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Dale

    A LOGIC PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE WITH LAMBDA-ABSTRACTION, FUNCTION VARIABLES, AND SIMPLE UNIFICATION University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA 19104­6389 USA 1. Introduction A meta programming language must. Although the data types available in most computer programming languages are rich enough to represent all

  13. Evaluation and Usability of Programming Languages and Tools (PLATEAU)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anslow, Craig

    Evaluation and Usability of Programming Languages and Tools (PLATEAU) PLATEAU 2009 Technical Report of Programming Languages and Tools (PLATEAU) was co-located with the Onward and OOPSLA conferences in Orlando the proceedings. 2 Scope Programming languages exist to enable programmers to develop software effectively

  14. First Draft of the act Programming Language Eleftherios Matsikoudis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    First Draft of the act Programming Language Eleftherios Matsikoudis Christos Stergiou Electrical, National Instruments, and Toyota. #12;First Draft of the act Programming Language Eleftherios Matsikoudis at the design of a high-level programming language for timed systems called act. We define the lexical grammar

  15. MACHINE LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING IN AN UNDERGRADUATE COMPUTER SCIENCE CURRICULUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sommerville, Ian

    MACHINE LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING IN AN UNDERGRADUATE COMPUTER SCIENCE CURRICULUM Ian Sommerville, Dept- sembly language programming module has been widely regarded as an essential part of the curriculum students have learnt some high-level language. Their programming experience, at this stage is usually

  16. Type Handling in a Fully Integrated Programming and Specification Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leavens, Gary T.

    Type Handling in a Fully Integrated Programming and Specification Language Gregory Kulczycki of component-based software requires languages that integrate programming and specification features, and types are at the heart of this integration. Programming languages are not suited for specification, and specification

  17. Teaching Programming Languages in a Post-Linnaean Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthi, Shriram

    Teaching Programming Languages in a Post-Linnaean Age Shriram Krishnamurthi Brown University sk@cs.brown.edu Abstract Programming language "paradigms" are a moribund and tedious legacy of a bygone age. Modern split in programming language education, and describes a textbook that explores these matters

  18. Fast: a Transducer-Based Language for Tree Manipulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Livshits, Ben

    Fast: a Transducer-Based Language for Tree Manipulation Abstract We introduce a tree manipulation language, Fast, that over- comes technical limitations of previous tree manipulation languages trees over finite alphabets. At the heart of Fast is a combination of SMT solvers and tree transducers

  19. Practical Software Engineering Lecture 1.1 Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Practical Software Engineering Lecture 1.1 ­ Language · Computer language used depends on the problem ­ a language is a tool o Scientific/engineering simulations § High performance, good libraries always: Set up a Revision Control system and write a makefile. · Revision control can control software

  20. A morphosyntactic analysis of the pronominal system of Philippine languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A morphosyntactic analysis of the pronominal system of Philippine languages Shirley N. Dita, the Philippines 1004 shirley.dita@dlsu.edu.ph Abstract. Pronominal orientation is widely argued to be universal component of human languages. Meanwhile, the pronominal system of Philippine languages (henceforth, PL) has

  1. Facebook in all six Celtic Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Facebook in all six Celtic Languages (mar dhea) Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University May 31, 2012 #12;Social media and endangered languages Social media: Facebook, Twitter, blogs, podcasts (audio Appealing to kids, the most important demographic! #12;Facebook for language revitalization I spent

  2. A PRESENTATION LANGUAGE FOR GIS CADASTRAL DATA GILBERTO CMARA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    A PRESENTATION LANGUAGE FOR GIS CADASTRAL DATA GILBERTO CÂMARA National Institute for Space), Brazil (lauro@dpi.inpe.br) ABSTRACT This paper introduces a presentation language for GIS. This language environment, a GIS system which integrates the diverse types of spatial data (cadastral maps, thematic maps

  3. Answering it with charts --Dialogue in natural language and charts --

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    organizing that in- teraction into felicitous dialogue. Charts and graph- ics, as well as languages language as input and answering them in charts through organizing that interaction into felicitous dialogueAnswering it with charts -- Dialogue in natural language and charts -- Tsuneaki KATO Graduate

  4. Statistical Natural Language 4.0 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    199 CHAPTER 4 Statistical Natural Language Processing 4.0 Introduction The application of statistical methods to natural language processing has been remarkably successful over the past Language Processing Semiring Set 0 1 Boolean {0, 1} 0 1 Probability R+ + × 0 1 Log R {-, +} log + + 0

  5. Lattice based language models Pierre Dupont y and Ronald Rosenfeld

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , statistical language models typically estimate P r(wjh) -- the conditional distribution of the identity@univ­st­etienne.fr #12; Keywords: speech recognition, statistical language modeling, lattice based models, smoothing techniques #12; 1 Introduction Statistical language modeling is concerned with estimating the probability

  6. Programmazione Web HyperText Markup Language (HTML)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Antonellis, Valeria

    Programmazione Web HyperText Markup Language (HTML) e Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) 2014/2015 #12;2014/2015 Programmazione Web - HTML e CSS 2 HyperText Markup Language l HTML (HyperText Markup Language) è un linguaggio di, è disponibile la versione HTML5 #12;2014/2015 Programmazione Web - HTML e CSS 3 HTML tag Ogni tag è

  7. Dedicated gestures and the emergence of sign language Wendy Sandler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    1 Dedicated gestures and the emergence of sign language Wendy Dedicated Gestures and the Emergence of Sign Language Abstract. Sign languages make use of the two hands, facial features, the head, and the body to produce multifaceted gestures that are dedicated

  8. Commodification of Kaqchikel: A Commodities Chain Approach to the Kaqchikel Language in the Foreign Language and Area Studies Program*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duncan, Philip T.

    2014-12-01

    Investigating how Kaqchikel is commodified through U.S. foreign language instruction programs reveals complex and often contradictory ideologies about language, including linguistic capital and exchange value. I argue that Kaqchikel is commodified...

  9. Examining Dual Language, Bilingual, and ESL Teachers’ Knowledge, Professional Development Experiences, and Perceptions About Second Language Programs In Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco-Fuenmayor, Susana Elena

    2013-03-27

    The rapid increase of the English Language Learner (ELL) student population in the United States and their continued lack of achievement means that research must focus on examining differences between the types of second language programs...

  10. Romani Language: Cataloging Ramifications for a Language in the Process of Standardization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Husic, Geoff

    2011-01-01

    A discussion of issues related to the cataloging of a language, Romani (or Romany), which is only in the 21st century beginning to achieve some degree of standardization. The discussion focuses on issues of Romani orthography, ...

  11. Language Contact and Language Conflict: The Case of Yoruba-English Bilinguals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dada, S. A.

    2007-01-01

    . Generally, competitions and conflict, both in the individual and in the society as a whole, can be regarded as a natural concomitant of situations of languages in contact. The paper describes the linguistic situation in Nigeria with particular reference...

  12. The ATIS Sign Language Corpus Jan Bungeroth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Zijl, Lynette

    on the Air Travel Information System (ATIS) dataset (Hemphill et al., 1990). It contains tran- scribed data. We therefore present the ATIS sign language corpus that is based on the domain of air travel references refering to air- ports and other locations. Furthermore, it could support deaf people

  13. NIST Home > Baldrige > Solar Turbines Select Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Home > Baldrige > Solar Turbines * Select Language Powered by Translate Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award 1998 Recipient Solar Turbines Incorporated With customers in 86 countries, Solar Turbines Incorporated is the world's largest supplier of midrange industrial gas turbine systems. The San

  14. INFERENCE GENERATION DURING AUDITORY LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osterhout, Lee

    INFERENCE GENERATION DURING AUDITORY LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION David A. Swinney Lee Osterhout I. Introduction It has become nearly axiomatic (and even likely true) to hold that inference generation during the literature rife with observations that while there is little evi- dence of "automatic" generation of certain

  15. Probabilistic Hyperspace Analogue to Language Leif Azzopardi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azzopardi, Leif

    Probabilistic Hyperspace Analogue to Language Leif Azzopardi University of Paisley School of Computing azzo-ci0@paisley.ac.uk Mark Girolami University of Glasgow Dept. of Computing Science girolami@dcs.gla.ac.uk Malcolm Crowe University of Paisley School of Computing crow-ci0@paisley.ac.uk ABSTRACT Song and Bruza [6

  16. Hybrid Abstractions that Preserve Timed Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Hybrid Abstractions that Preserve Timed Languages Paulo Tabuada1 and George J. Pappas2 1 Instituto@ee.upenn.edu Abstract. In this paper we consider the problem of extracting an ab- straction from a hybrid control system that determine when trajectories of the original hybrid system can be generated by the abstracted hybrid system

  17. The Temporal Query Language TQuel Richard Snodgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snodgrass, Richard T.

    gives the complete syntax of the TQuel retrieve statement. 2. QUERY LANGUAGES FOR HISTORI- CAL DATABASES solely by the application pr+ grams; the DBMS interprets dates as values in the basedata types's medical history is particularly important. The model supported by TOD (for Time Oriented Data bank

  18. Biochemistry as a Programming Language Full Presentation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seshia, Sanjit A.

    Biochemistry as a Programming Language Full Presentation Saurabh Srivastava Tim Hsiau, Sarah reactions within the cell, i.e., the biochemistry, to produce non-native compounds of commercial interest. In this talk, we present our lessons learnt, future av- enues and open problems, in formalizing biochemistry. 1

  19. LANGUAGE LEARNING AND NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrews, Mark W.

    LANGUAGE LEARNING AND NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS A Dissertation Presented to the Faculty LEARNING AND NONLINEAR DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS Mark William Andrews, Ph.D. Cornell University 2003 The thesis be provided by an better appreciation of the capacities of nonlinear dynamical systems to learn, rep- resent

  20. Concept Description Language for Statistical Data Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mechanisms for both elementary and summary data, which are given a formal semantics by means of logic; 3 opinion that statisticians would benefit from a design language offering both rich structuring mechanisms includes a rich set of structuring mechanisms for both elementary and summary data, which are given

  1. Languages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    impact on national and international social policy and on sociological debates. This means your learningLanguages Undergraduate Social and Policy Sciences Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Sociology BSc (Hons) Social Policy BSc (Hons) Sociology and Social Policy BSc (Hons) Social Sciences #12;www

  2. Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    Translating Facebook into Endangered Languages Kevin Scannell Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, USA [kscanne@gmail.com] Abstract: Facebook is an incredibly popular social networking site to Facebook as a way for small and scattered speaker populations to connect with each other online

  3. Language Production General Points about Speech Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coulson, Seana

    Language Production #12;General Points about Speech Production 15 speech sounds per second => 2, shall I say `t' or `d'' (Levelt) Production side has gotten less attention in Psycholinguistics than the comprehension side. Evidence for speech production behaviour has until recently relied heavily on speech errors

  4. Book Reviews The Mathematics of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the mathematical properties of inter- est to mathematical linguists are usually from theoretical computer science. The contents of the book are as follows: Chapter 1, "Fundamental Structures," gives a concise introduction. The Handbook of Logic and Language (van Benthem and ter Meulen 1997), which contains advanced material

  5. Attitudes of Teachers of Arabic as a Foreign Language toward Methods of Foreign Language Teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seraj, Sami Abdurrahman

    2010-07-21

    in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Dr. anuelaGo ez-Bueno (e' on) z::= ..dvO ~~ D~~==--e~~. ~[~- Date defended: ...- Translation Method (GTM), (b) the Direct Method (DM), (c) the Audio-Lingual Method (ALM), (d) Total Physical Response (TPR), (e) Community Language Learning (CLL), 3 (f) the Silent Way (SW), (g) Suggestopedia (SUGG), and (h) Communicative Language...

  6. German programs1 help students to become proficient in a foreign language. Proficiency in a foreign language also includes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    German programs1 help students to become proficient in a foreign language. Proficiency in a foreign for the culture. Programs at Montana State University will2 teach foreign cultures, languages, and literature language also includes understanding historical context, sensitivity to nuances and values

  7. Quipper: A Scalable Quantum Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander S. Green; Peter LeFanu Lumsdaine; Neil J. Ross; Peter Selinger; Benoît Valiron

    2013-04-11

    The field of quantum algorithms is vibrant. Still, there is currently a lack of programming languages for describing quantum computation on a practical scale, i.e., not just at the level of toy problems. We address this issue by introducing Quipper, a scalable, expressive, functional, higher-order quantum programming language. Quipper has been used to program a diverse set of non-trivial quantum algorithms, and can generate quantum gate representations using trillions of gates. It is geared towards a model of computation that uses a classical computer to control a quantum device, but is not dependent on any particular model of quantum hardware. Quipper has proven effective and easy to use, and opens the door towards using formal methods to analyze quantum algorithms.

  8. System Synthesis from a Monadic Functional Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimmell, Garrin Marc

    2008-01-01

    -1 System Synthesis from a Monadic Functional Language By Garrin Kimmell Submitted to the graduate degree program in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas School of Engineering in partial fulfillment... requirements model that is too abstract, and the model loses its predictive power; choose a model that is too concrete and lose the ability to adapt the model to changing requirements or new problems. This dissertation focuses on the aspect of system...

  9. Encyclopaedia of Literatures in African Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgardt, Ursula; Lorin, Marie

    . This is why we chose to build the ELLAf site within the Bibli- othèque Universitaire des Langues et Civilisations (BULAC),18 an academic library specialised in languages and civilisa- tions, shared by various institutions including INALCO. One of BULAC... mineure’ à l’épreuve. Paris: Karthala. Garnier, Xavier. & Ricard, Alain. (eds.) 2006. L’Effet roman. Arrivée du roman dans les langues d’Afrique. Paris: L’Harmattan. Görög, Veronika. 1981. Littérature orale d’Afrique noire. Bibli- ographie analytique...

  10. Error Correction Using Probabilistic Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sunder, Gowrishankar

    2015-05-07

    performing model which is similar to what we have implemented towards the later part of the research. Yuret at. al. [23] have proposed solutions towards generating corrections making use of Wordnet training data and a thesaurus but it is pretty complicated..., especially related to the Thesaurus part and is not entirely applicable in a practical sense. An Entropy-based Language model [5] provides a class-based abstraction helping in better predictions. In such a model, an hierarchy of grammatical constructs...

  11. Web Markup Languages Definitions and examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inkpen, Diana

    1 Web Markup Languages Definitions and examples http://www.w3schools.com #12;2 What is HTML? · HTML · The markup tags tell the Web browser how to display the page · An HTML file must have an htm or html file is a complement to HTML, not a replacement. In future Web development it is most likely that XML will be used

  12. Is My DSL a Modeling or Programming Language? , Zekai Demirezen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    Is My DSL a Modeling or Programming Language? Yu Sun1 , Zekai Demirezen1 , Marjan Mernik2, 1 , Jeff the differences between programming and modeling languages. As an example, the term "domain-specific language" has languages, which has caused subtle misconceptions. The borders between a modeling and programming language

  13. A Fully Abstract Semantics for a Firstorder Functional Language with Logic Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagadeesan, Radha

    general, and can be used to give semantics to any constraint­based logic programming languages. Our]: Functional Programming; D.3.1 [Programming Languages]: Formal Definitions and Theory ­ semantics; D.3.2 [Programming Languages]: Dataflow Languages; F.3.2 [Theory of Computation]: Semantics of Programming Languages

  14. Japanese-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Interlingua Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    59 Japanese-Chinese Cross-Language Information Retrieval: An Interlingua Approach Md. Maruf Hasan) ideographic language information (Chinese-like ideographic languages). The information available in non-English alphabetic languages as well as in ideographic languages (especially, in Japanese and Chinese) is growing

  15. Directive Language Input to Children Born Preterm and Full Term

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imgrund, Caitlin McCormick

    2013-12-31

    Directive Language Input to Children Born Preterm and Full Term By Caitlin McCormick Imgrund Submitted to the graduate degree program in Speech-Language-Hearing: Sciences and Disorders and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas...D ________________________________ Nancy Brady, PhD Date Defended: September 4, 2013 ii The Thesis Committee for Caitlin McCormick Imgrund certifies that this is the approved version of the following thesis: Directive Language Input to Children Born Preterm...

  16. Language Modeling with Tree Substitution Matt Post and Daniel Gildea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gildea, Daniel

    Language Modeling with Tree Substitution Grammars Matt Post and Daniel Gildea Department framework (Cohn et al., 2009; Post and Gildea, 2009). Compared to past heuristic approaches, these grammars

  17. From Preference Logics to Preference Languages, and Back Meghyn Bienvenu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lang, Jérôme

    From Preference Logics to Preference Languages, and Back Meghyn Bienvenu Fachbereich Mathematik und, Girard, and Roy 2009). The basic constructs of the logic are preference statements between propositional

  18. Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems Version...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Language for Control Systems Version 1.8 Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA), Process Control System (PCS), Distributed Control System (DCS), etc. generally refer...

  19. A Survey of Current Datasets for Vision and Language Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francis Ferraro; Nasrin Mostafazadeh; Ting-Hao; Huang; Lucy Vanderwende; Jacob Devlin; Michel Galley; Margaret Mitchell

    2015-08-19

    Integrating vision and language has long been a dream in work on artificial intelligence (AI). In the past two years, we have witnessed an explosion of work that brings together vision and language from images to videos and beyond. The available corpora have played a crucial role in advancing this area of research. In this paper, we propose a set of quality metrics for evaluating and analyzing the vision & language datasets and categorize them accordingly. Our analyses show that the most recent datasets have been using more complex language and more abstract concepts, however, there are different strengths and weaknesses in each.

  20. Washiw Wagayay Ma?al: Reweaving the Washoe Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keliiaa, Caitlin

    2012-01-01

    photo. Many of the plants list two different Washoecreate language lists for plants and animals and gather asthe small guide lists a number of regional plants with their

  1. Caliban's Curse: The English Language and Nigeria's Underdevelopment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osundare, Niyi

    1982-01-01

    of English in Northern Nigeria (1900-1943)," InternationalLanguage Policy in Nigeria 1882-1952," International Journaland Politics in Colonial Nigeria (cambridge: POST, K. W. J.

  2. Applying Light Natural Language Processing to Ad-Hoc Cross Language Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lioma, C.

    Lioma,C. Macdonald,C. Plachouras,V. He,B. Ounis,I. In Accessing Multilingual Information Repositories: 6th Cross-Language Evaluation Forum, CLEF 2005, Vienna, Austria, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 4022 LNCS, Springer

  3. Languages and interfaces for facial animation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Magnenat-Thalmann, N.

    1995-05-01

    This paper describes high-level tools for specifying, controlling, and synchronizing temporal and spatial characteristics for 3D animation of facial expressions. The proposed approach consists of hierarchical levels of controls. Specification of expressions, phonemes, emotions, sentences, and head movements by means of a high-level language is shown. The various aspects of synchronization are also emphasized. Then, association of the control different interactive devices and media which allows the animator greater flexibility and freedom, is discussed. Experiments with input accessories such as the keyboard of a music synthesizer and gestures from the DataGlove are illustrated.

  4. Official spelling system for the Haitian language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-01-01

    in an exemplary Haitian. As a final example of the official spelling system, we reproduce from Dyakout "Mèsi, Desalin," the famous poem of probably the greatest poet of the Haitian language, Félix Morisseau-Leroy, and which is traditionally recited on Haitian..., doktè, enfimyè. Sa pa ka fèt brid sou kou. Rès manda Aristid la pap sifi. Men, 1 ap kapab rekômanse travay li te kômanse a. Nou pral simen, pitit nou pral rekôlte. "Men anpil, chay pa lou." Libète • 16 Félix Morisseau-Leroy, "Mèsi, Desalin" - paj...

  5. Language of a fly proves surprising

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and mastheadLakeLanguage of a fly proves

  6. Choice of syntactic structure during language production: The production of unbounded dependencies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huxley, Clare J

    2009-01-01

    During language production, conceptual messages are encoded into a target language and articulated. Existing models of language production assume several stages of processing including a conceptual level, a level where ...

  7. Early usage of DO in children with and without Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blossom, Megan Stratton

    2009-09-15

    This study examined the early uses of DO in the spontaneous language samples of 89 children, 37 with Specific Language Impairment, age 5;0-5;6, 37 age-equivalent control children, and 15 language-equivalent control children, ...

  8. Department of Speech Language and Hearing Sciences Policy on Clinical Program Fee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Albert.

    Department of Speech Language and Hearing Sciences Policy on Clinical Program to professional credentials in speech-language pathology program, and those enrolled. Students in the MA program leading to professional credentials in speech-language

  9. Embedded Languages for Origami-Based Gaetano Caruana and Gordon J. Pace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    inherited by the embedded language [Hud96]. By inheriting features from the host language, the domain extendable than DSLs [Hud96,LM99]. In this paper, we look at design of an domain-specific embedded language

  10. Understanding and representing natural language meaning

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waltz, D.L.; Maran, L.R.; Dorfman, M.H.; Dinitz, R.; Farwell, D.

    1982-12-01

    During this contract period the authors have: (a) continued investigation of events and actions by means of representation schemes called 'event shape diagrams'; (b) written a parsing program which selects appropriate word and sentence meanings by a parallel process known as activation and inhibition; (c) begun investigation of the point of a story or event by modeling the motivations and emotional behaviors of story characters; (d) started work on combining and translating two machine-readable dictionaries into a lexicon and knowledge base which will form an integral part of our natural language understanding programs; (e) made substantial progress toward a general model for the representation of cognitive relations by comparing English scene and event descriptions with similar descriptions in other languages; (f) constructed a general model for the representation of tense and aspect of verbs; (g) made progress toward the design of an integrated robotics system which accepts English requests, and uses visual and tactile inputs in making decisions and learning new tasks.

  11. Languages, Algorithms, Procedures, Calculi, and Metalogic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark Burgin

    2007-01-04

    Logicians study and apply a multiplicity of various logical systems. Consequently, there is necessity to build foundations and common grounds for all these systems. This is done in metalogic. Like metamathematics studies formalized mathematical theories, metalogic studies theories in logic, or logics. The discipline of logic has been developed with the aim to model and study human thinking and reasoning. A more realistic understanding relates logic only to reasoning. Reasoning is a mental and verbal activity. Any activity is based on actions and operations organized by procedures and algorithms. That is why procedures and algorithms are basic for the development of different logics, their study and application. In this work, we study structures used in logic with the aim to reflect goals of logic as a discipline. The main structure is a logical calculus, which pivotal for the contemporary logic. Logical calculus is considered here as a two-tier construction with a logical language on the first level and the calculus itself on the second level. A system of interdependencies that exists between properties of deductive calculi and utilized by these calculi algorithms are explicated and studied. Here only syntactic parts of logics, namely, deductive logical calculi and corresponding languages are considered. Semantic and pragmatic parts are studied elsewhere.

  12. G50_746_380 1 Inclusive Language Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mucina, Ladislav

    of the Inclusive Language Procedures is to implement the University's commitment to valuing the diversity of its to ensure that the language used at the University reflects its commitment to valuing diversity. (ii Guidelines should be published in all unit outlines. 5.1.4 Performance Indicators The following performance

  13. Towards a Video Game Description Language Marc Ebner1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    recognised the need to create a Video Game Description Language (VGDL), we formed a group to address purpose of the language proposed here is to be able to specify complete video games, so that they could; users could modify existing games very quickly, or have a library of existing implementations defined

  14. Equisolvability of Series vs. Controller's Topology in Synchronous Language Equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brayton, Robert K.

    Equisolvability of Series vs. Controller's Topology in Synchronous Language Equations Nina operators for abstract languages: synchronous composition, #15;, and parallel composition, #5;, and we studied the solutions of the equations defined over finite state machines (FSMs) of the type MA #15; MX

  15. SALT--Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cengarle, María Victoria

    SALT--Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic Andreas Bauer, Martin Leucker , and Jonathan,leucker,streit}@informatik.tu-muenchen.de Abstract. This paper presents Salt. Salt is a general purpose speci- fication and assertion language other formalisms used for temporal specification of properties, Salt does not target a specific domain

  16. SALT---Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leucker, Martin

    SALT---Structured Assertion Language for Temporal Logic Andreas Bauer, Martin Leucker,leucker,streit}@informatik.tu­muenchen.de Abstract. This paper presents Salt. Salt is a general purpose speci­ fication and assertion language other formalisms used for temporal specification of properties, Salt does not target a specific domain

  17. Reusability Constructs in the Web Service Offerings Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reusability Constructs in the Web Service Offerings Language (WSOL) [Second Extended Revision Constructs in the Web Service Offerings Language (WSOL) Vladimir Tosic, Kruti Patel, Bernard Pagurek, K1S 5B6, Canada {vladimir, bernie}@sce.carleton.ca, kruts.patel@lycos.com Abstract. The Web Service

  18. EXPLORER: A Natural Language Processing System for Oil Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EXPLORER: A Natural Language Processing System for Oil Exploration Wendy G. Lehnert Department", whereas the second time "show" is used it has a technical meaning (i.e., an indicator of oil or gas and Sbwartz, 1982; Shwartz 1982) is a non-fragile, 'bands-on" language analysis system that allows oil

  19. Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Department of Humanities Certificate in Modern Language and Area Study CFR-French, CGE-German, CSP-Spanish French, German or Spanish must complete two years of the same modern language (12 credits) and three area (12 credits) Note: 6 credits must be from 3000 level French German Spanish __HU2271 Level I-A French

  20. Compositional Compilation for Java-like Languages through Polymorphic Bytecode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Compositional Compilation for Java-like Languages through Polymorphic Bytecode extended version Dodecaneso, 35 16146 Genova, Italy zucca@disi.unige.it ABSTRACT We define compositional compilation compositional compilation is a highly desirable feature, in Java-like languages it can hardly be achieved

  1. Verifying an Open Compiler Using Multi-Language Semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Amal

    Verifying an Open Compiler Using Multi-Language Semantics: Technical Report James T. Perconti for our FCA model. #12;Verifying an Open Compiler Using Multi-Language Semantics James T. Perconti and Amal Ahmed Northeastern University Abstract. Existing verified compilers are proved correct under

  2. Resources Report on Languages of Indonesia Hammam Riza

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Resources Report on Languages of Indonesia Hammam Riza IPTEKNET Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) Jakarta, Indonesia hammam@iptek.net.id Abstract In this paper, we report a survey of lan- guage resources in Indonesia, primarily of indigenous languages. We look at the offi- cial

  3. SQL Reference Learning Gupta SQLBase Structured Query Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SQL Reference Learning Gupta SQLBase Structured Query Language (SQL) By William Sprouse CENTER, CO 80523 Spring 1996 #12;SQL Reference Learning Gupta SQLBase Structured Query Language (SQL.1.2.4 The Clipboard 5 2.2 GETTING STARTED 5 2.2.1 STARTING QUEST 5 2.2.2 GETTING HELP 6 3. SQL BASICS 6 3

  4. The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collar, Juan I.

    The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date.maproom.com )1949 N. Hoyne Café Email list https://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe #12;The Brain, the Broken Brain & the Neural Biology of Language Presenter: Steven Small Time & Date: 7-9 PM Monday

  5. The Trend towards Statistical Models in Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennsylvania, University of

    a "language model," or (again from usage in communications theory) a "source model." In this applicationThe Trend towards Statistical Models in Natural Language Processing Mark Y. Liberman Department acquisition, and statistical models for applica- tion in speech recognizers, text or speech compression

  6. Language-Based Security on Android Avik Chaudhuri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldan, Paolo

    Language-Based Security on Android Avik Chaudhuri University of Maryland at College Park avik-source platform for mobile de- vices. Specifically, we present a core typed language to de- scribe Android system provide some necessary foundations to help both users and developers of Android applications deal

  7. THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyvernat, Pierre

    THE SIZE-CHANGE TERMINATION PRINCIPLE FOR CONSTRUCTOR BASED LANGUAGES PIERRE HYVERNAT Laboratoire describes an automatic termination checker for a generic first- order call-by-value language in ML style. We arguments of recursive calls evolve during evaluation. The result is a criterion for termination extending

  8. Roadmap for Enhanced Languages and Methods to Aid Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Dale

    Roadmap for Enhanced Languages and Methods to Aid Verification Gary T. Leavens, Jean-Raymond Abrial 50011-1041, USA #12;Roadmap for Enhanced Languages and Methods to Aid Verification Gary T. Leavens, Iowa, Aaron Stump, Washington University of St. Louis, USA July 21, 2006 Abstract This roadmap describes ways

  9. GENERATION OF THESAURUS IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES A COMPUTER BASED SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GENERATION OF THESAURUS IN DIFFERENT LANGUAGES A COMPUTER BASED SYSTEM F J DEVADASON Documentation and Bhattacharyya's POPSI. A computer based system, for generating an information retrieval thesaurus, from as an alphabetical thesaurus. Also, once a thesaurus is generated in one language it is possi- ble to produce

  10. A Debugging Scheme for Declarative Equation Based Modeling Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    examine the particular debugging problems posed by Modelica, a declarative equation based modeling language. A brief overview of the Modelica language is also given. We also present our view of the issues, bipartite graphs, graph decomposition techniques, static analysis, debug- ging, Modelica 1 Introduction

  11. TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cugola, Gianpaolo

    TESLA: A Formally Defined Event Specification Language Gianpaolo Cugola Dip. di Elettronica e to clearly state how the system should behave. Moving from these premises, we present TESLA, a complex event specification language. Each TESLA rule considers incoming data items as notifi- cations of events and defines

  12. PROCESS SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR PROJECT SCHEDULING INFORMATION EXCHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    of Standards and Technology (NIST) and is emerging as a standard exchange language for process information in the manufacturing industry. This paper explores how PSL can be used for exchanging project scheduling informationPROCESS SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR PROJECT SCHEDULING INFORMATION EXCHANGE Jinxing Cheng1 , Michael

  13. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79.181.48.102 on 29-processing steps for a variety of natural language processing applications, from search and information extraction

  14. Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    Cross-Language High Similarity Search Using a Conceptual Thesaurus Parth Gupta, Alberto Barr Universitat Polit`ecnica de Val`encia, Spain {pgupta,lbarron,prosso}@dsic.upv.es http://www.dsic.upv.es/grupos/nle Abstract. This work addresses the issue of cross-language high similarity and near-duplicates search, where

  15. AUI: A Programming Language for Developing Plastic Interactive Software

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    AUI: A Programming Language for Developing Plastic Interactive Software Kevin A. Schneider is said to be `plastic'. This paper introduces the AUI programming language that was designed specifically to support the development of plastic interactive software. An AUI program describes the abstract interaction

  16. Standards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ide, Nancy

    /TC 37/SC 4 standards should improve information management within industrial, technical and scientific in view. In the area of language resources, these standards should provide various technical committeesStandards for Language Resources Nancy Ide,* Laurent Romary * Department of Computer Science Vassar

  17. Brief article Songs as an aid for language acquisition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Aslin, R. N., & Newport, E. L. (1996). Statistical learning by 8-month-old infants. Science, 274, 1926. Journal of Memory and Language, 35, 606­621.] have shown that adults and infants can use the statistical­983 #12;Keywords: Statistical learning; Language; Music; Song 1. Introduction Songs are ubiquitous. Yet

  18. First Specification of Phoenix, an Active Database Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clausen, Michael

    First Specification of Phoenix, an Active Database Programming Language Ulrike Griefahn Department 1995 #12; Abstract This report aims at introducing the novel active database language Phoenix which is currently under development at the computer science department of the university of Bonn. Phoenix

  19. CALL FOR PAPERS Workshop on Internet Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Läufer, Konstantin

    The Internet has long provided a global computing infrastructure but, for most of its history, there hasCALL FOR PAPERS Workshop on Internet Programming Languages in conjunction with the IEEE Computer the Internet. This workshop will provide a forum for the discussions of all aspects of computer languages

  20. Language, Cognitive Science, and Geographic Information Systems (90-10)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mark, David M.; Frank, Andrew U.

    1990-01-01

    Spatial language and geographic information systems: Cross-Data Types in Geographic Information Systems. Geo-ProcessingSpatial language and geographic information systems: Cross-

  1. Mathematics, Language, and Bilingual Latina/o Learners: A Review of the Empirical Research Literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moschkovich, Judit

    2010-01-01

    Educational Studies in Mathematics, 43, 243-269. Spanos,Some examples from Mathematics, Language 40 math andbilingual learners and mathematics. Mathematics, Language 31

  2. CJC: An Extensible Checker for the CleanJava Annotation Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheon, Yoonsik

    language for the Java programming language to support a Cleanroom-style functional program verification from the Cleanroom Software Engineering [1] that emphasizes defect prevention rather than defect

  3. Cross-language information retrieval using PARAFAC2.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bader, Brett William; Chew, Peter; Abdelali, Ahmed (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM); Kolda, Tamara Gibson

    2007-05-01

    A standard approach to cross-language information retrieval (CLIR) uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) in conjunction with a multilingual parallel aligned corpus. This approach has been shown to be successful in identifying similar documents across languages - or more precisely, retrieving the most similar document in one language to a query in another language. However, the approach has severe drawbacks when applied to a related task, that of clustering documents 'language-independently', so that documents about similar topics end up closest to one another in the semantic space regardless of their language. The problem is that documents are generally more similar to other documents in the same language than they are to documents in a different language, but on the same topic. As a result, when using multilingual LSA, documents will in practice cluster by language, not by topic. We propose a novel application of PARAFAC2 (which is a variant of PARAFAC, a multi-way generalization of the singular value decomposition [SVD]) to overcome this problem. Instead of forming a single multilingual term-by-document matrix which, under LSA, is subjected to SVD, we form an irregular three-way array, each slice of which is a separate term-by-document matrix for a single language in the parallel corpus. The goal is to compute an SVD for each language such that V (the matrix of right singular vectors) is the same across all languages. Effectively, PARAFAC2 imposes the constraint, not present in standard LSA, that the 'concepts' in all documents in the parallel corpus are the same regardless of language. Intuitively, this constraint makes sense, since the whole purpose of using a parallel corpus is that exactly the same concepts are expressed in the translations. We tested this approach by comparing the performance of PARAFAC2 with standard LSA in solving a particular CLIR problem. From our results, we conclude that PARAFAC2 offers a very promising alternative to LSA not only for multilingual document clustering, but also for solving other problems in cross-language information retrieval.

  4. Multi-Class Composite N-gram Language Model for Spoken Language Processing Using Multiple Word Clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Multi-Class Composite N-gram Language Model for Spoken Language Processing Using Multiple Word. The Multi-Class Composite N-gram main- tains an accurate word prediction ca- pability and reliability for sparse data with a compact model size based on multiple word clusters, called Multi- Classes

  5. Feedback in Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning and Second Language Acquisition: A study of its effect on the acquisition of French past tense aspect using an Intelligent Language Tutoring System 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Ruth Mary

    2008-01-01

    Questions surrounding the impact of feedback in response to learner error are of interest in the fields of both Second Language Acquisition (SLA) and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning (ICALL). Current ...

  6. A Domain-Specific Language for Programming in the Tile Assembly Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doty, David

    A Domain-Specific Language for Programming in the Tile Assembly Model David Doty Matthew J. Patitz-purpose programming languages. The language is implemented as a class library in Python (a so-called internal DSL Abstract We introduce a domain-specific language (DSL) for creating sets of tile types for simulations

  7. This paper describes a rapid prototyping system for extensions to an existing programming language.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    in programming languages is increasingly accepted [1], it becomes more and more important to be able to try out preprocessor such as a macro processor, or by using an extensible programming language as the base language and automatic prototype implementation of significantly new programming language features and programming

  8. Adding Concurrency to a Programming Language Peter A. Buhr and Glen Ditchfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buhr, Peter Allan

    Adding Concurrency to a Programming Language Peter A. Buhr and Glen Ditchfield Dept. of Computer.uwaterloo.ca Abstract A programming language that lacks facilities for concurrent programming can gain those facil-object-oriented languages. Examples show that concurrency interacts extensively with traditional programming language

  9. A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Dale

    A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104­6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and -abstractions within terms makes a good meta-programming language, especially when an object-language

  10. AMPL (A Mathematical Programming Language) at the University of Documentation (Version 2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murty, Katta G.

    AMPL (A Mathematical Programming Language) at the University of Michigan Documentation (Version 2. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 16 #12; 1 Introduction AMPL (A Mathematical Programming Language) [6] is a high­level language of the data used for a specific instance of the model. AMPL's language for describing mathematical programs

  11. A High-Level Programming and Command Language'[ Christopher W. Fraser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraser, Christopher W.

    A High-Level Programming and Command Language'[ Christopher W. Fraser David R. Hanson Department and programming language EZ, which attempts to unify command-and programming languages by using high-level string that attempt to bridge the gap between the data abstractions of command languages and those of programming

  12. A Practical Agent Programming Language Mehdi Dastani and John-Jules Ch. Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dastani, Mehdi

    A Practical Agent Programming Language Mehdi Dastani and John-Jules Ch. Meyer Utrecht University-based agent- oriented programming language. It proposes an alternative by presenting the syn- tax and semantics of a programming language, called 2APL (A Practical Agent Programming Language). This programming

  13. AMPL A Mathematical Programming Language at the University of Documentation Version 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murty, Katta G.

    AMPL A Mathematical Programming Language at the University of Michigan Documentation Version 2 D. : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 16 #12;1 Introduction AMPL A Mathematical Programming Language 6 is a high-level language of the data used for a speci c instance of the model. AMPL's language for describing mathematical programs

  14. A Logic Programming Language with LambdaAbstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Dale

    A Logic Programming Language with Lambda­Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104--6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and â??­abstractions within terms makes a good meta­programming language, especially when an object­language

  15. AutoCor: A Query Based Automatic Acquisition of Corpora of Closely-related Languages *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Builder are actually documents in other closely-related Philippine languages. AutoCor used the query generation method of closely-related Philippine languages and Tagalog. The performance of the system using with and without) like Tagalog and other Philippine languages. Unfortunately, to manually collect and organize a language

  16. Comparative Analysis of Second Language Instruction and Motivation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speights, Lara A.

    2010-07-14

    school second language instruction in Buenos Aires, Argentina and College Station, Texas. The purpose of this study is to explain theoretical and motivational pedagogical strategies, as well as to understand the differences in motivation and how...

  17. Power Law Discounting for N-Gram Language Models 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01

    We present an approximation to the Bayesian hierarchical Pitman-Yor process language model which maintains the power law distribution over word tokens, while not requiring a computationally expensive approximate inference process. This approximation...

  18. Language and Compiler Issues in Scalable High Performance Scientific Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnsson, S. Lennart

    Language and Compiler Issues in Scalable High Performance Scientific Libraries S. Lennart Johnsson Issues in Scalable High Performance Scientific Libraries S. Lennart Johnsson Harvard University and Thinking Machines Corp. Abstract Library functions for scalable architectures must be designed to correctly

  19. Book REVIEWS THE ROLE OF LANGUAGE IN PROBLEM SOLVING 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , including author and subject indices, this volume gives a good view of the problems posed by computer of the reader of partic- ipation in the symposium. The material on programming language environments concerns

  20. Fragment Grammars: Exploring Computation and Reuse in Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Timothy J.

    2009-03-31

    Language relies on a division of labor between stored units and structure building operations which combine the stored units into larger structures. This division of labor leads to a tradeoff: more structure-building means ...

  1. Natural language command of an autonomous micro-air vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Albert S.

    Natural language is a flexible and intuitive modality for conveying directions and commands to a robot but presents a number of computational challenges. Diverse words and phrases must be mapped into structures that the ...

  2. Real-Time American Sign Language gesture generator 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Christopher John

    1998-01-01

    This thesis describes the design and implementation of ics. a software based gesture generator that takes as its input textual representations of American Sign Language gestures and outputs the corresponding gesture motion through the use of a...

  3. The Arabic Lexical Contributions to the English Language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cannon, Garland; Kaye, Alan S.

    2007-03-05

    The Arabic lexical contributions to the English language (2nd ed.) contains extensive additions to the main entries and their data from the original 1994 edition by Harrassowitz Verlag of Wiesbaden. It continues Cannon’s ...

  4. Hierarchical Bayesian Language Models for Conversational Speech Recognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Songfang; Renals, Steve

    2010-01-01

    Traditional n-gram language models are widely used in state-of-the-art large vocabulary speech recognition systems. This simple model suffers from some limitations, such as overfitting of maximum-likelihood estimation and ...

  5. Game semantics for an object-oriented language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolverson, Nicholas

    2009-01-01

    This thesis investigates the relationship between object-oriented programming languages and game models of computation. These are intuitively well matched: an object encapsulates some internal state and presents some ...

  6. Compiler verification meets cross-language linking via data abstraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Peng

    Many real programs are written in multiple different programming languages, and supporting this pattern creates challenges for formal compiler verification. We describe our Coq verification of a compiler for a high-level ...

  7. Artificial Intelligence, Language and the Study of Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Ira

    1975-07-01

    This paper studies the relationship of Artificial Intelligence to the study of language and the representation of the underlying knowledge which supports the comprehension process. It develops the view that intelligence ...

  8. How does language shape the way we think 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuszynski, Adam

    2010-11-24

    Is it right to claim that the language, which we speak, strongly influences the way we think and behave? Do linguistic habits of cultures and nations create main differences in how people perceive and conceptualize reality? ...

  9. Nature of language impairment in motor neurone disease 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rewaj, Phillipa Jane

    2014-07-01

    Background: Language impairment associated with Motor Neurone Disease (MND) has been documented since the late 19th century, yet little is understood about the pervasiveness or nature of these deficits. The common clinical ...

  10. Operational approach to semantics and translation for programming languages 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei

    1983-01-01

    The problems of semantics and translation for concurrent programming languages are studied in this thesis. A structural operational approach is introduced to specify the semantics of parallelism and communication. Using ...

  11. Frame: An Imperative Coordination Language for Parallel Programming 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Murray

    2000-01-01

    We present Frame, a simple language which facilitates structured expression of imperative parallelism. Programs are described at two levels. The top level captures the main parallel algorithmic structure (which may be nested) and is independent...

  12. Combining Vision Verification with a High Level Robot Programming Language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Baolin

    1984-01-01

    This thesis describes work on using vision verification within an object level language for describing robot assembly (RAPT). The motivation for this thesis is provided by two problems. The first is how to enhance a ...

  13. A taxonomy of situated language in natural contexts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, George Macaulay

    2011-01-01

    This thesis develops a multi-modal dataset consisting of transcribed speech along with the locations in which that speech took place. Speech with location attached is called situated language, and is represented here as ...

  14. A Bird’s Eye View of Human Language Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berwick, Robert C.

    Comparative studies of linguistic faculties in animals pose an evolutionary paradox: language involves certain perceptual and motor abilities, but it is not clear that this serves as more than an input–output channel for ...

  15. UL ++ : an Object Oriented Language for Hiearchical Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David, Alexandre

    ++ as well as a graphical user interface for the tool Uppaal. The language is designed to support two types in a uniform manner. There are two main sorts of objects: control objects to represent control stuctures for au

  16. Improving Teaching and Learning for English Language Learners 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kandel, Brooke E.

    2010-07-14

    While there has been tremendous growth in the numbers of Hispanics and English language learners (ELLs) in our public schools, there has been a lack of educational opportunities offered to these students resulting in low educational achievement...

  17. Efficient lattice rescoring using recurrent neural network language models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Wang, Y.; Chen, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-05-04

    model,” in Proc. International work- shop on artificial intelligence and statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp. 246–252. [17] M. Mohri (1997), “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing,” Computational linguistics, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 269...

  18. Efficient Lattice Rescoring Using Recurrent Neural Network Language Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, X.; Wang, Y.; Chen, X.; Gales, M. J. F.; Woodland, P. C.

    2014-01-01

    model,” in Proc. International work- shop on artificial intelligence and statistics, Barbados, 2005, pp. 246–252. [18] M. Mohri (1997), “Finite-state transducers in language and speech processing,” Computational linguistics, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 269...

  19. Methods for pronunciation assessment in computer aided language learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peabody, Mitchell A. (Mitchell Aaron)

    2011-01-01

    Learning a foreign language is a challenging endeavor that entails acquiring a wide range of new knowledge including words, grammar, gestures, sounds, etc. Mastering these skills all require extensive practice by the learner ...

  20. Natural Language Generation for the Semantic Web: Unsupervised template extraction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duma, Daniel

    2012-11-28

    I propose an architecture for a Natural Language Generation system that automatically learns sentence templates, together with statistical document planning, from parallel RDF data and text. To this end, I design, build ...

  1. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergler, Sabine

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000289 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address information retrieval (search with Google, Bing, etc.), but

  2. OSiL: An Instance Language for Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In this paper we present OSiL (Optimization Services instance Language), an XML- based computer ..... Statistical and probability function elements: A large variety of statistical and probability ..... [10] R. Fourer, D.M. Gay, and B.W. Kernighan.

  3. LEARNING SEMANTICS-ENHANCED LANGUAGE MODELS APPLIED TO UNSUEPRVISED WSD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VERSPOOR, KARIN [Los Alamos National Laboratory; LIN, SHOU-DE [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-29

    An N-gram language model aims at capturing statistical syntactic word order information from corpora. Although the concept of language models has been applied extensively to handle a variety of NLP problems with reasonable success, the standard model does not incorporate semantic information, and consequently limits its applicability to semantic problems such as word sense disambiguation. We propose a framework that integrates semantic information into the language model schema, allowing a system to exploit both syntactic and semantic information to address NLP problems. Furthermore, acknowledging the limited availability of semantically annotated data, we discuss how the proposed model can be learned without annotated training examples. Finally, we report on a case study showing how the semantics-enhanced language model can be applied to unsupervised word sense disambiguation with promising results.

  4. Transparent runtime parallelization of the R scripting language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yoginath, Srikanth B [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Scripting languages such as R and Matlab are widely used in scientific data processing. As the data volume and the complexity of analysis tasks both grow, sequential data processing using these tools often becomes the bottleneck in scientific workflows. We describe pR, a runtime framework for automatic and transparent parallelization of the popular R language used in statistical computing. Recognizing scripting languages interpreted nature and data analysis codes use pattern, we propose several novel techniques: (1) applying parallelizing compiler technology to runtime, whole-program dependence analysis of scripting languages, (2) incremental code analysis assisted with evaluation results, and (3) runtime parallelization of file accesses. Our framework does not require any modification to either the source code or the underlying R implementation. Experimental results demonstrate that pR can exploit both task and data parallelism transparently and overall has better performance as well as scalability compared to an existing parallel R package that requires code modification.

  5. Language Use in an Old Order Amish Community in Kansas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meindl, Joerg

    2009-01-16

    Old Order Amish are a religious group with three languages in its linguistic repertoire: Pennsylvania German (PG), American English (AE), and Amish High German (AHG). The present dissertation examines how this constellation ...

  6. Natural language processing for unmanned aerial vehicle guidance interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Craparo, Emily M. (Emily Marie), 1980-

    2004-01-01

    In this thesis, the opportunities and challenges involved in applying natural language processing techniques to the control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are addressed. The problem of controlling an unmanned aircraft ...

  7. Models of quantum computation and quantum programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. A. Miszczak

    2011-12-03

    The goal of the presented paper is to provide an introduction to the basic computational models used in quantum information theory. We review various models of quantum Turing machine, quantum circuits and quantum random access machine (QRAM) along with their classical counterparts. We also provide an introduction to quantum programming languages, which are developed using the QRAM model. We review the syntax of several existing quantum programming languages and discuss their features and limitations.

  8. Tools and techniques for endangered-language assessment and revitalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Arienne M.

    2012-01-01

    ); and an unpublished corpus: Dwyer et al (2001-2008, with assistance from Shawo Dondrup and the Volkswagen Foundation). 3.3. Sanie (ISO 639-3: ysy) Sanie is a Burmic language of the Eastern Yi subgroup with only about 7000 speakers out of a total population... in Std Yi; ltd. orthography Official Status and Use: Governmental & Institutional Language Attitudes, Policies 4 - regional standard (Dwyer 1998) 3 - no official status; ethnically misclassified 2 - no status; but official policy support...

  9. EXPLORING THE SPECTRUM OF MOTIVATION IN SECOND LANGUAGE SETTINGS: IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING NEW FORMS OF MOTIVATION IN COLLEGE FOREIGN LANGUAGE COURSES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begenchev, Mike

    2011-05-31

    The main objectives of this study were: to determine if college students in foreign language classes had more external motivation than internal motivation; to investigate the strength of motivation in college foreign language settings; to determine...

  10. High-Stakes Reading Assessment and English Oral Language Development: A Study of Third Grade English Language Learners in a Texas School District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acosta, Sandra

    2011-08-08

    between oral language and reading performance in third grade Hispanic ELLS, and (c) the impact of instructional program model on ELLs’ oral language development. Two parallel systematic reviews were conducted searching CSA, Ebsco and Wilson electronic...

  11. Is it 'Language Resistance'? Second Language Production and 'Boricua' Identity in Puerto Rican Students from Monolingual and Bilingual Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morales Lugo, Katherine

    2012-11-28

    are elicited through a series of tasks that range in levels of formality: minimal pairs, word list, reading passage, and interview tasks. Social factors, such as language identity and educational background are taken into account in search of an indexical...

  12. State Funding and the Equal Educational Opportunity of Language Minority Students: The Texas Public School Finance Mechanism and the Extent to Which English Language Learners Are Equitably Served 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eason, Noelle Rogers

    2012-02-14

    FUNDING AND THE EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY OF LANGUAGE MINORITY STUDENTS: THE TEXAS PUBLIC SCHOOL FINANCE MECHANISM AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS ARE EQUITABLY SERVED A Dissertation by NOELLE ROGERS EASON Submitted... OPPORTUNITY OF LANGUAGE MINORITY STUDENTS: THE TEXAS PUBLIC SCHOOL FINANCE MECHANISM AND THE EXTENT TO WHICH ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS ARE EQUITABLY SERVED A Dissertation by NOELLE ROGERS EASON Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

  13. Convergent genetic linkage and associations to language, speech and reading measures in families of probands with Specific Language Impairment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Mabel L.; Smith, Shelley D.; Gayan, Javier

    2009-12-05

    linkage and associations to language, speech and reading measures in families of probands with Specific Language Impairment Mabel L. Rice & Shelley D. Smith & Javier Gayán Received: 23 June 2008 /Accepted: 5 August 2009 /Published online: 26 August 2009... [1–3], the search for candidate genes remains inconclusive [4] with the exception of a recently identified candidate, CNTNAP2 [5]. In contrast, candidate genes are identified for the closely related clinical conditions of Speech Sound Disorder (SSD...

  14. MODERN LANGUAGES AND CLASSICS Programs of Study The Department of Modern Languages and Classics offers a Master of Arts in Teaching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    MODERN LANGUAGES AND CLASSICS Programs of Study The Department of Modern Languages and Classics French Studies. For details see the Modern Languages and Classics graduate web page or contact specifically to meet the needs of Maine's schools. The programs offer full-time instruction during the academic

  15. Spanish and English language usage by rural and urban Spanish-American families in two South Texas counties 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahoney, Mary Katherine

    1967-01-01

    OF SPANISH-AMERICAN HOUSEHOLD HEADS . 19 Language Used in Conversations. . . . . , . . . . 19 Language Used in Reading and in Other Visual and Radio Programs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 V. LANGUAGE PATTERNS OF SPANISH-AMERICAN CHILDREN ~ 25 Language... Language usage by Spanish-American household heads in Atascosa County and Ssn Antonio in reading and in visual and radio programs according to nativity status . 4~ English and Spanish language spoken by Spanish-American household heads in Atascosa...

  16. A prototype functional language implementation for hierarchical- memory architectures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wolski, R.; Feo, J.; Cann, D.

    1992-01-14

    Programming languages are the most important tool at a programmers' disposal. All other tools correct, visualize, or evaluate the product crafted by this tool. The advent of multiprocessor computer systems has greatly complicated the programmer's task an increased his need for high-level languages capable of automatically taming these architectures. In this paper, we describe a prototype implementation of Sisal for multiprocessor, hierarchical-memory systems. The implementation includes explicit compiler and runtime control that effectively exploits the different levels of memory and manages interprocess communications (IPC). We give preliminary performance results for this system on the BBN TC2000.

  17. Semantics for a Quantum Programming Language by Operator Algebras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenta Cho

    2014-12-30

    This paper presents a novel semantics for a quantum programming language by operator algebras, which are known to give a formulation for quantum theory that is alternative to the one by Hilbert spaces. We show that the opposite category of the category of W*-algebras and normal completely positive subunital maps is an elementary quantum flow chart category in the sense of Selinger. As a consequence, it gives a denotational semantics for Selinger's first-order functional quantum programming language QPL. The use of operator algebras allows us to accommodate infinite structures and to handle classical and quantum computations in a unified way.

  18. Neuroanatomy of individual differences in language in adult males with autism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Meng-Chuan; Lombardo, Michael V.; Ecker, Christine; Chakrabarti, Bhismadev; Suckling, John; Bullmore, Edward T.; Happé, Francesca; MRC AIMS Consortium; Murphy, Declan G. M.; Baron-Cohen, Simon

    2014-09-23

    One potential source of heterogeneity within autism spectrum conditions (ASC) is language development and ability. In 80 high-functioning male adults with ASC, we tested if variations in developmental and current structural language are associated...

  19. Department: Modern and Classical Languages Course No: 3261W [281 W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    . c. The specifics of cinematic language vs. other modes of symbolic expression; German history as expressed in cinematic language; Weimar film as compared to early Hollywood film; continuity editing vs

  20. Hindi-english, Code Switching and Language Choice in Urban, Uppermiddle-class Indian Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, Sunita

    1980-01-01

    Most bilingual speakers tend to 'code switch' between the languages they speak. The present study deals with code-switching and language choice and the speech of Hindi-English bilinguals residing in North India and the ...

  1. ANALYSIS OF SPELLING PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH AMONG STUDENTS WHOSE FIRST LANGUAGE IS ARABIC 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allaith, Zainab A.

    2010-07-14

    One of the main differences between English monolinguals and English language learners is that the latter use their knowledge of their first language in spelling in English. Previous studies have shown that the nature of ...

  2. Web-based, speech-enabled games for vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Ian C. (Ian Carmichael)

    2008-01-01

    In this thesis, I present two novel ways in which speech recognition technology might aid students with vocabulary acquisition in a foreign language. While research in the applied linguistics field of second language ...

  3. Issues of literacy, Issues of modality: Language evolution from a cultural perspective 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Keelin

    2009-11-26

    Recent research has identified a systematicity bias in human language. That is, humans show a cognitive bias towards compositionality in language. It has previously been suggested that literacy may prompt or enhance this ...

  4. The Impact of Language Modality on Children’s Visual-Spatial Cognition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Catherine

    2007-01-01

    The communication demands of sign and spoken language are different. The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between language modality (manual or aural-oral) and specific aspects of visual-spatial ...

  5. The Acquisition of Chinese as a third language by Japanese L1/English L2 speakers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di, Danqi

    2005-01-01

    The role of language transfer in second language acquisition has long been the focus in the study of cross-linguistic influence. Much has been written about how the learner’s existing linguistic knowledge influences the ...

  6. Spanish Major Requirements Option A: Language and Hispanic Studies (for students declared prior to Fall 2013)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Spanish Major Requirements Option A: Language and Hispanic Studies (for students declared prior (12 credits) 311: Introduction to Advanced Language Practice 320: Spanish Phonetics _____ 3 additional course (322: Early Hispanic, 324: Modern Spanish, 326: Spanish American) Spanish 322 is recommended

  7. Making Our Way toward Teacher Education Programs in the Slavic Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Comer, William J.

    2000-01-01

    Reflecting on the state of the field of teacher training in Slavic language programs in the 1990s, the author recommends programs build alliances for teacher training with other programs in the Less Commonly Taught Languages. Beginning teachers...

  8. Adult migrants and English language learning in museums: understanding the impact on social inclusion 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Sherice Nicole

    2013-11-29

    This doctoral study explores the museum as site and resource for language learning by adult migrants, refugees and asylum seekers. English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) provision has emerged over the past decade ...

  9. Thinking outside the cortex: social motivation in the evolution and development of language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finlay, Barbara L.

    evolution enabling language has been addressed for decades. In adults, language is demonstrably dependent be reduced wholesale by prenatal genetic accident, such as Down's syndrome, or by postnatal accident, and yet

  10. Optimization Modelling Example Design Implementation Conclusions A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grothey, Andreas

    Optimization Modelling Example Design Implementation Conclusions A Structure-Conveying Modelling Languages for Mathematical Programming 3 An example problem from network design 4 Design of Structured, K. Woodsend Structure-Conveying Modelling Language #12;Optimization Modelling Example Design

  11. The Visual Word Recognition and Orthography Depth in Second Language Acquisition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chao, Yunchun

    2011-10-01

    The study investigated whether the orthographic depth of first language (L1) affects the word recognition in second language (L2) learning. Fifteen native Chinese speakers and fifteen Greek native speakers were recruited to test their English naming...

  12. Interference of Greek learners' native language in their written performance of English verb tenses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadimitriou, Assimina

    The main focus of this study is on depicting, classifying and evaluating instances of contextually erroneous verb tense use in the English language as a result of negative transfer from the native language (Modern Greek). ...

  13. Towards a Formal Semantics for a Structurally Dynamic Noncausal Modelling Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nilsson, Henrik

    modelling approach, promoting the reuse of components. Modelica is a prime example of this class of lan, many of these languages are referred to as object-oriented mod- elling languages. Modelica [23] is one

  14. Iterated learning with human subjects : an empirical framework for the emergence and cultural transmission of language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cornish, Hannah

    2006-01-01

    The study of language evolution has benefited enormously from the contribution made by computational simulations of the cultural transmission of language over the past ten years. However, we still have not explored ...

  15. 9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    9th Annual Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History University of Oklahoma Elder Voices, Youth Choices from the Oklahoma Native American Youth Language Fair! We are pleased

  16. Spanish Language Use and Linguistic Attitudes in Laredo, Texas between 1860 and 1930 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Concepcio?n Mari?e

    2012-07-16

    This qualitative study investigated Spanish language use and linguistic attitudes in Laredo, Texas and the surrounding area from 1860 to 1930. In the public domain, sources include the Spanish and English language newspapers ...

  17. Library Staff with Language Expertise This list identifies public services staff that can help when communications or projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    Library Staff with Language Expertise This list identifies public services staff that can help when, many student library employees have language expertise - especially those who assist with cataloging

  18. Sample Contract Language for Information Technology Using Energy-Efficient Products

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Document covers sample language that federal agencies can use in contracts specifying or purchasing energy-efficient information technology products.

  19. Toward a Dependability Case Language and Workflow for a Radiation Therapy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceze, Luis

    proving, solver-aided languages, and formally defined domain-specific languages--to the development verification and synthesis tools into system development. 1998 ACM Subject Classification D.2.4 Software, Dependability Cases, Domain Specific Languages, Radiation Therapy Digital Object Identifier 10.4230/LIPIcs

  20. Generalized Algorithms for Constructing Statistical Language Models Cyril Allauzen, Mehryar Mohri, Brian Roark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allauzen, Cyril

    applications or for adaptation purposes, one often needs to construct a language model based on the out- put library for language modeling, the GRM Library, that includes many other text and grammar processing classification. In all cases, a language model is used in combination with other in- formation sources to rank

  1. Generalized Algorithms for Constructing Statistical Language Models Cyril Allauzen, Mehryar Mohri, Brian Roark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohri, Mehryar

    applications or for adaptation purposes, one often needs to construct a language model based on the out­ put has been incorporated in a general software library for language modeling, the GRM Library, information extraction, machine translation, or document classification. In all cases, a language model

  2. DomainSpecific Languages Arie van Deursen Paul Klint Joost Visser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klint, Paul

    selection of 75 key publications in the area of domain­specific languages. 1998 ACM Computing Classification and symbolic processing). Gradually they have evolved into general purpose languages and over and over again the need for more specialized language support to solve problems in well­defined application domains has

  3. CAMLE: A Caste-Centric Agent-Oriented Modeling Language and Environment Lijun Shan Hong Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Hong

    CAMLE: A Caste-Centric Agent-Oriented Modeling Language and Environment Lijun Shan Hong Zhu specification language SLABS. It is caste-centric because the notion of caste plays the central role in its methodology. Caste is the classifier of agents in our language. It allows multiple and dynamic classifications

  4. Mechanisms of Language Acquisition [This is a final draft. The published version might contain minor changes.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehler, Jacques

    Mechanisms of Language Acquisition 1 [This is a final draft. The published version might contain minor changes.] Mechanisms of language acquisition: imaging and behavioral evidence Jacques Mehler Judit: Jacques Mehler SISSA CNS via Beirut 2-4, 34014, Trieste, ITALY mehler@sissa.it #12;Mechanisms of Language

  5. Schematic Generation of English-prose Semantics for a Risk Analysis Language Based on UML Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    Schematic Generation of English-prose Semantics for a Risk Analysis Language Based on UML risk-driven testing, we have developed CORAL, a language for risk analysis based on UML interac- tions that is linear to the complexity of CORAL diagrams in terms of size. Keywords-risk analysis language; risk

  6. Some apparently disjoint aims and requirements for grammar development environments: the case of natural language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of natural language generation John Bateman Language and Communication Research University of Stirling, Stirling, UK (J .a. bat eman~st Jr. ac. uk) m m m n m m m m- m U m m U m n m m Abstract Grammar development from an EAGLES (Expert Advisory Group for Language Engineering Standards) report describing the current

  7. Planning in AI and Text Planning in Natural Language JongGyun Lim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Planning in AI and Text Planning in Natural Language Generation Jong­Gyun Lim Columbia University language generation are becoming increasingly aware of the similarities between the task of planning the content and structure of the natural language text and that of other AI planning tasks. The problem

  8. Automatic Discovery of Language Models for Text Databases Jamie Callan, Margaret Connell, and Aiqun Du

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callan, Jamie

    Automatic Discovery of Language Models for Text Databases Jamie Callan, Margaret Connell, and Aiqun databases to search. Given language models that describe the contents of each database, a database se for an infor­ mation need. Current practice is that each database pro­ vides its language model upon request

  9. A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for Mathematical and Stochastic Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grothey, Andreas

    A Structure-Conveying Modelling Language for Mathematical and Stochastic Programming Marco Colombo present a structure-conveying algebraic modelling language for mathematical pro- gramming. The proposed language extends AMPL with object-oriented features that allows the user to construct models from sub

  10. Object-oriented dialects of existing programming languages are often implemented using a preprocessor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Abstract Object-oriented dialects of existing programming languages are often implemented using a preprocessor that translates from the dialect to an equivalent program in the original programming language and parametric polymorphism in an object-oriented dialect of the Turing programming language are given

  11. On the Interaction of Object-Oriented Design Patterns and Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baumgartner, Gerald

    On the Interaction of Object-Oriented Design Patterns and Programming Languages Technical Report): The choice of programming language is important because it in uences one's point of view. Our patterns assume of the interactions can bene t both the pattern and the programming language communities. To understand how

  12. Decomposing typed lambda calculus into a couple of categorical programming languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hasegawa, Masahito

    Decomposing typed lambda calculus into a couple of categorical programming languages Masahito the possibility of categorical programming [Hag87, CF92] in prac­ tice. These languages are complementary to each­ gramming languages directly, especially to typed functional programming lan­ guages, since category theory

  13. A ProgrammingLanguage Extension for Distributed RealTime Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hooman, Jozef

    A Programming­Language Extension for Distributed Real­Time Systems Jozef Hooman and Onno van propose a method for extending programming languages that enables the spec­ ification of timing properties in many existing programming languages. The presented method includes a view on the system development

  14. Using Integer Programming to Identify Languages in Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jian

    Using Integer Programming to Identify Languages in NP\\P Jian Yang Department of Industrial Programming. 1 #12;1 Introduction The P-NP conjecture that P = NP, i.e., the set P of languages 2006 Abstract We propose the concept of sub-n languages based on the existing definition of lan- guages

  15. A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Dale

    A Logic Programming Language with Lambda-Abstraction, Function Variables, and Simple Unification 19104-6389 USA Abstract: It has been argued elsewhere that a logic programming language with function variables and ~-abstractions within terms makes a good meta-programming language, especially when

  16. Faculty of Science and Engineering Discontinuation of "International Student Program without Japanese Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    of Advanced Science and Engineering have conducted "International Student Program without Japanese Language Japanese Language Entrance Requirement (AO method)" since AY 2009. This admission program is designed established "International Program AO Admission" for students who have not studied Japanese language in 2010

  17. FProlog: A language to Integrate Logic and Functional Programming for Automated Assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutchinson, Seth

    FProlog: A language to Integrate Logic and Functional Programming for Automated Assembly S. A as the top level in a robot assem- bly system. FProlog is a logic programming language,with the ability, etc. FPrologdiffers from hybridlogic programming languages, such as LOGLISP, in that FProlog may

  18. A Note on the Implementation and Applications of Linear Logic Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harland, James

    A Note on the Implementation and Applications of Linear Logic Programming Languages J.A. Harland D programming languages, such as Prolog, have their origins in classical logic. Recently it has been shown how logic programming languages can be based on lin­ ear logic, a logic designed with bounded re­ sources

  19. Programming Language Support for Writing FaultTolerant Distributed Software \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schlichting, Richard D.

    Programming Language Support for Writing Fault­Tolerant Distributed Software \\Lambda Richard D. Schlichting and Vicraj T. Thomas Abstract Good programming language support can simplify the task of writing a general high­level distributed programming language is augmented with mechanisms for fault tolerance

  20. Korean-Chinese Person Name Translation for Cross Language Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Hao-hua

    Korean-Chinese Person Name Translation for Cross Language Information Retrieval Yu-Chun Wang ab entity in Korean-Chinese cross language information retrieval (KCIR). Unlike other languages, Chinese map to several Chinese characters. We propose an effective hybrid person name translation method

  1. A review of "Grammar Wars: Language as Cultural Battlefield in England." by Linda C. Mitchell 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melissa Mohr

    2003-01-01

    and English to try to create a perfect language. Ideas of what would constitute this perfect language varied widely from scheme to scheme. Some gram- marians wanted to return to the language Adam invented, spoken world-wide before the Tower of Babel divided...

  2. LTI PhD Graduate Student Handbook Page 1 Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LTI PhD Graduate Student Handbook Page 1 Language Technologies Institute PhD in Language and Information Technologies Student Handbook 2014-2015 Revised: August 14, 2014 #12;LTI PhD .................................................................................................................................. 5 1.1 The PhD in Language and Information Technologies

  3. PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE 2013: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 Mark Stevenson2 , and Rafael E. Banchs3 1 NLE Lab, Universitat Politècnica and abundant language resource. This edition of PAN@FIRE task, cross-language !ndia news story search (CL

  4. Reviewed 10/2/2012 ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAMS IN NEW YORK CITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, Keren

    Reviewed 10/2/2012 ENGLISH LANGUAGE PROGRAMS IN NEW YORK CITY This is a partial listing Language Program 504 Lewisohn Hall New York, NY 10027 (212) 854-3584 www.ce.columbia.edu/alp alp New York, NY 10027 (212) 854-9224 Language Maintenance Tutorials http://www.lrc.columbia.edu/lmt lrc

  5. Leveraging Concept Modeling Techniques for Language Model Adaptation in Mandarin Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , no. 8, 2000, pp. 1270­1278, 2000. [2] J. R. Bellegarda, "Statistical language model adaptation.Rosenfeld, "Two decades of statistical language modeling: Where do we go from here," Proceedings of IEEE, vol. 88," Computer Speech and Language, vol. 11, 43-72, 1997. [4] R. Baeza-Yates and B. Ribeiro-Neto, Modern

  6. XSLT and XQuery as Operator Languages A. Abram White

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and XQuery to build language-neutral Solar operators. Introduction Solar is designed to provide information dynamics. Solar is a software infrastructure designed to deliver contextual information to these applications. Solar represents context data as events, and uses small programs called operators to filter

  7. Deep Recursive Neural Networks for Compositionality in Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardie, Claire

    Deep Recursive Neural Networks for Compositionality in Language Ozan Irsoy Department of Computer representations. Even though these architectures are deep in structure, they lack the capacity for hierarchical representation that exists in conventional deep feed-forward networks as well as in recently investigated deep

  8. Noise as a Tool for Spoken Language Identification Sunita Maithani

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noise as a Tool for Spoken Language Identification . Sunita Maithani Scientific Analysis Group@yahoo.com Abstract Segmental SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) is considered to be a reasonable measure due to noise. Objective Measures such as Log Area Ratio (LAR), Itakura-Saitio Distortion (IS), Log

  9. UPC Language and Library Specifications, Version 1.3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    UPC Consortium; Bonachea, Dan; Funck, Gary

    2013-11-16

    UPC is an explicitly parallel extension to the ISO C 99 Standard. UPC follows the partitioned global address space programming model. This document is the formal specification for the UPC language and library syntax and semantics, and supersedes prior specification version 1.2 (LBNL-59208).

  10. Name Module Robotics and Computer Vision Language English

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    1 Name Module Robotics and Computer Vision Language English Contact person Ferdi van der Heijden A robotic device is a goal oriented machine that can sense, plan and act; often, in an unknown or dynamic environment. Robotics binds elements from physics and mechanics, sensor and actuator technology, pattern

  11. STQL --A SPATIO-TEMPORAL QUERY LANGUAGE Martin Erwig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erwig, Martin

    evolutions of spatial objects over time. We consider spatio- temporal operations that are particularly useful is to provide a DBMS data model and query language capable of handling such time-dependent geome- tries. Thereby. Our modeling also includes the sim- pler, discrete case where temporal evolutions are stepwise

  12. EXECUTION MACHINE FOR SYNCHRONOUS LANGUAGES Charles ANDR Hdi BOUFAED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    André, Charles

    EXECUTION MACHINE FOR SYNCHRONOUS LANGUAGES Charles ANDR� Hédi BOUFAÏED Laboratoire I3S, Université on a the synchronous paradigm, and explains the role and the architecture of the execution machine. Keywords: synchronous programming, execution machine, control, implementation. NOMENCLATURE We use Courier as the font

  13. Implementing Hong Kong English into Hong Kong language curriculum 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwan, Joanna Long-Lam

    2010-11-24

    into the language curriculum as a way to increase its local recognition. The results of the study reflect that Hong Kong English might be usefully implemented into the curriculum in two directions: as a module or unit within the syllabus for students who are more...

  14. Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Eugenia

    Law, Logic and Language in Legal Computer Science Michael Heather School of Law University of Northumbria at Newcastle, NE1 8ST, UK B.Nick Rossiter Computing Science Newcastle University, NE1 7RU B.N.Rossiter@ncl.ac.uk November 1995 Abstract Legal computer science requires a theoretical basis which can be realized

  15. Language interoperability for high-performance parallel scientific components

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliot, N; Kohn, S; Smolinski, B

    1999-05-18

    With the increasing complexity and interdisciplinary nature of scientific applications, code reuse is becoming increasingly important in scientific computing. One method for facilitating code reuse is the use of components technologies, which have been used widely in industry. However, components have only recently worked their way into scientific computing. Language interoperability is an important underlying technology for these component architectures. In this paper, we present an approach to language interoperability for a high-performance parallel, component architecture being developed by the Common Component Architecture (CCA) group. Our approach is based on Interface Definition Language (IDL) techniques. We have developed a Scientific Interface Definition Language (SIDL), as well as bindings to C and Fortran. We have also developed a SIDL compiler and run-time library support for reference counting, reflection, object management, and exception handling (Babel). Results from using Babel to call a standard numerical solver library (written in C) from C and Fortran show that the cost of using Babel is minimal, where as the savings in development time and the benefits of object-oriented development support for C and Fortran far outweigh the costs.

  16. Language Requirements for Large-Scale Generic Libraries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lumsdaine, Andrew

    Language Requirements for Large-Scale Generic Libraries Jeremy Siek and Andrew Lumsdaine {jsiek-scale software libraries. The fundamental principle of generic pro- gramming is the realization of interfaces programming and large-scale libraries. In this paper, we present an overview of G and analyze

  17. Compiling Dynamic Languages Anders Schlichtkrull, Rasmus T. Tjalk-Bggild

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    implementation and compare it to the benchmark results for two contemporary JavaScript implementations: Rhino Languages. We then build an ahead-of-time compiler, called the project compiler, for a sub- set of Java which is a JavaScript interpreter and com- piler, and V8 which is a JavaScript just-in-time compiler. We

  18. Department: Modern and Classical Languages (ILCS) Course No: 258/W

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department: Modern and Classical Languages (ILCS) Course No: 258/W Credits: 3 Title: Cinematic and Humanities Diversity: CA4 Non-International WQ: Writing Catalog Copy: 258W. Cinematic Representations. Cinematic representations of Italian Americans in the works of major directors from the silent era

  19. Optimization and Relaxation in Constraint Logic Languages Kannan Govindarajan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krovi, Venkat

    Optimization and Relaxation in Constraint Logic Languages Kannan Govindarajan Dept. of Computer & Technology Xerox Corporation Webster, NY 14580 mantha@wrc.xerox.com Abstract Optimization and relaxation.g., engineering design, scheduling, decision support, etc. In optimization, we are interested in finding

  20. Language Independent Named Entity Recognition Combining Morphological and Contextual Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of extensive knowledge about a partic- ular language, such as Nominator (Choi et al., 1997), still typically pro- vided, the better the results, but what we try to prove is that even with minimal knowledge good prefixes and suf- fixes are good indicators. For example, knowing that "Maria", "Marinela" and "Maricica

  1. A LANGUAGE RESOURCES GENERATION TOOLBOX FOR SPEECH SYNTHESIS David Sundermann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suendermann, David

    corpora for speech synthesis in the European project TC- Star. 1. INTRODUCTION One of the objectives of the European project TC-Star (Technology and Corpora for Speech-to-Speech Transla- tion) [1] is the generation of corpora for text-to-speech syn- thesis. According to the TC-Star speech synthesis language resources

  2. Neural Pascal A Language for Neural Network Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gumm, H. Peter

    Neural Pascal A Language for Neural Network Programming H.Peter Gumm Dept. of Computer Science SUNY is an extension of object-oriented Pascal, designed to allow easy specification and simulation of neural networks through all elements of a linear datatype. 1. Introduction Neural network models are frequently visualized

  3. Natural Language Grammatical Inference with Recurrent Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giles, C. Lee

    Natural Language Grammatical Inference with Recurrent Neural Networks Steve Lawrence, Member, IEEE of a complex grammar with neural networksÐspecifically, the task considered is that of training a network-and-Binding theory. Neural networks are trained, without the division into learned vs. innate components assumed

  4. Causal Nets: A Modeling Language Tailored Towards Process Discovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Causal Nets: A Modeling Language Tailored Towards Process Discovery W.M.P. van der Aalst, A focusing on the interplay between event logs (observed behavior) and process models. Process discovery Eindhoven, The Netherlands. {W.M.P.v.d.Aalst,A.Adriansyah,B.F.v.Dongen}@tue.nl Abstract. Process discovery

  5. AN ANALYSIS PROCESS FOR IDENTIFYING AND FORMALIZING LMS INSTRUCTIONAL LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laforcade, Pierre

    AN ANALYSIS PROCESS FOR IDENTIFYING AND FORMALIZING LMS INSTRUCTIONAL LANGUAGE Aymen Abedmouleh. Abstract: Today, the LMS systems require some reengineering works or some additional design approaches designing their learning scenarios. In this paper, we propose an LMS centered instructional design approach

  6. THE ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE "MAGAZINE" VOL1 NUMBER1 ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In summation, while high level language may have its place, it is not in ... It is a tiny program, less than 24k and the assembly speed is astounding. ... This worked nicely on my machine and should on most compatibles just the way it is. .... Other special keys are serviced (i.e. SYSREQ on ATs, soft turbo mode switches, etc.

  7. 1 Designing Constraint Logic Programming Languages using Computational Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vittek, Marian

    1 Designing Constraint Logic Programming Languages using Computational Systems Claude Kirchner, H'el`ene Kirchner and Marian Vittek 1.1 Abstract This work presents computational systems, a framework as computational systems. We thus get a framework in which rewriting techniques can be used to reason about

  8. Some Aspects of Optimality in Natural Language Interpretation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blutner, Reinhard

    optimality theory (OT) to semantics. These authors argue that there is a fundamental difference between Berlin Abstract In a series of papers, Petra Hendriks, Helen de Hoop and Henriëtte de Swart have applied`s (1981) idea of balancing between informativeness and efficiency in natural language processing

  9. On the Expressive Power of Temporal Concurrent Constraint Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valencia, Frank D.

    On the Expressive Power of Temporal Concurrent Constraint Programming Languages Mogens Nielsen behavior have been proposed in the literature. In this paper we study the expressive power of some programming, timed systems, expressiveness The contribution of Mogens Nielsen and Frank D. Valen- cia

  10. Using Compact Data Representations for Languages Based on Catamorphisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fegaras, Leonidas

    Using Compact Data Representations for Languages Based on Catamorphisms OGI, Tech­report #95 on using a compact vector representation for the recursive structure over which the catamorphism operates program performance, in particular by performing program fusion [13, 3, 7, 1]. In this paper, we explore

  11. The Application of XML Languages for Integrating Molecular Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rzepa, Henry S.

    such as Chemical Abstracts, Beilstein or IUPAC, where human perception of molecular information was translated. Rzepaa and Michael Wrighta 3) Abstract: 4) Keywords: 5) Introduction 6) Early Internet-based Integration of Molecular Resources 7) Molecular Integration based on XML 8) The ChemDig Project 9) Chemical Markup Language

  12. Plasticity and language: an example of the Baldwin effect?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    Plasticity and language: an example of the Baldwin effect? Kevin Zollman Department of Philosophy step in this direction. We examine a game-theoretic model of the interaction between plastic- ity, and Santiago Amaya for helpful suggestions. 1 #12;environmental circumstances. This phenotypic plasticity has

  13. The Hurricane Sandy Twitter Corpus Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dredze, Mark

    The Hurricane Sandy Twitter Corpus Haoyu Wang Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon response on which researchers can compare and contrast their work. This paper describes the Hurricane Sandy Hurricane Sandy. Introduction Preparing for and responding to natural disasters is a key function of public

  14. Verifying an Open Compiler Using Multi-Language Semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Amal

    Verifying an Open Compiler Using Multi-Language Semantics James T. Perconti and Amal Ahmed Northeastern University Abstract. Existing verified compilers are proved correct under a closed-world assumption, i.e., that the compiler will only be used to compile whole programs. We present a new methodology

  15. Verified Compilers for a Multi-Language World Northeastern University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Amal

    Verified Compilers for a Multi-Language World Amal Ahmed Northeastern University amal@ccs.neu.edu Abstract Though there has been remarkable progress on formally verified compilers in recent years, most of these compilers suffer from a serious limitation: they are proved correct under the assumption that they will only

  16. First Steps Toward a CryptographyAware Language and Compiler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    First Steps Toward a Cryptography­Aware Language and Compiler M. Barbosa 1 , R. Noad 2 , D. Page 2 from either the lan­ guage or compiler: both are typically too general purpose to o#er domain specific­ sociated compiler system. Rather than being a panacea, we pitch CAO as a mechanism for transferring

  17. First Steps Toward a Cryptography-Aware Language and Compiler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    First Steps Toward a Cryptography-Aware Language and Compiler M. Barbosa1 , R. Noad2 , D. Page2 help from either the lan- guage or compiler: both are typically too general purpose to offer domain- sociated compiler system. Rather than being a panacea, we pitch CAO as a mechanism for transferring

  18. Localized Smoothing for Multinomial Language Models Victor Lavrenko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    in applications of proba- bilistic models to language. In this report we introduce the zero frequency problem techniques that have proven successful in Information Retrieval. The rest of this report is structured of ¡ under can be rewritten as: ¢¤£(¡§¦ ©¨ @BA6CEDGF(H"I#PRQ S T$U7V ¢¤£(¡8RW9§¦ ©¨ The unigram assumption

  19. Resources for Chinese-English Cross-Language IR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oard, Doug

    1 Resources for Chinese-English Cross-Language IR Douglas W. Oard College of Library supported in part by DARPA contract N6600197C8540 #12;2 Part I. Introduction Specific evaluation criteria for resource selection and for gap analysis to focus additional search for specific resources that could

  20. Spin Glass Models of Syntax and Language Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siva, Karthik; Marcolli, Matilde

    2015-01-01

    Using the SSWL database of syntactic parameters of world languages, and the MIT Media Lab data on language interactions, we construct a spin glass model of language evolution. We treat binary syntactic parameters as spin states, with languages as vertices of a graph, and assigned interaction energies along the edges. We study a rough model of syntax evolution, under the assumption that a strong interaction energy tends to cause parameters to align, as in the case of ferromagnetic materials. We also study how the spin glass model needs to be modified to account for entailment relations between syntactic parameters. This modification leads naturally to a generalization of Potts models with external magnetic field, which consists of a coupling at the vertices of an Ising model and a Potts model with q=3, that have the same edge interactions. We describe the results of simulations of the dynamics of these models, in different temperature and energy regimes. We discuss the linguistic interpretation of the paramete...

  1. Applying Explanationbased Learning to Control and Speedingup Natural Language Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Günter

    (Rayner, 1988; Samuelsson and Rayner, 1991; Neumann, 1994a; Samuelsson, 1994; Srinivas and Joshi, 1995; Rayner and Carter, 1996). The core idea of EBL is to transform the derivations (or explanations) computed for adapting a general grammar and/or parser to the sub­language defined by a suitable training corpus (Rayner

  2. On the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forbus, Kenneth D.

    velocity of gas molecules is higher than the velocity of molecules in a liquid." being able to identifyOn the Representation of Physical Quantities in Natural Language Text Sven E. Kuehne (skuehne Abstract In this paper we investigate the forms in which quantity information can appear in written natural

  3. Simulation of Quantum Algorithms with a Symbolic Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Nyman

    2007-05-24

    This study examines the simulation of quantum algorithms on a classical computer. The program code implemented on a classical computer will be a straight connection between the mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics and computational methods. The computational language will include formulations such as quantum state, superposition and quantum operator.

  4. Mining Databases and Data Streams with Query Languages and Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaniolo, Carlo

    Mining Databases and Data Streams with Query Languages and Rules Carlo Zaniolo Computer Science that are beyond the reach of traditional Data Base Management Systems (DBMS), data mining stands out because extensions that have proven very effective at supporting data mining. Finally, we turn our attention

  5. Natural Language Database Interface for the Community Based Monitoring System*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    database interface, SQL, CBMS, natural language query 1. Introduction CBMS is a poverty monitoring system that is now used in Pasay City. It tracks poverty by surveying the people living in a certain area. Once statistically monitor poverty. Since STATA needs technical skills to be used effectively, the data is very hard

  6. Translation and Extension of Concepts Across Languages Dmitry Davidov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rappoport, Ari

    of available information. Thus, if we are looking for information about some lexical category where terms and more category instances in a salient language such as English. To obtain such information, we need of Jerusalem dmitry@alice.nc.huji.ac.il Ari Rappoport Institute of Computer Science The Hebrew University

  7. A KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Stuart C.

    A KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING APPROACH TO NATURAL LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING Stuart C. Shapiro & Jeannette G ABSTRACT This paper describes the results of a preliminary study of a Knowledge Engineering approach. I INTRODUCTION This paper describes the results of a · preliminary study of a Knowledge Engineering

  8. The 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods In Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EMNLP 2014 The 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods In Natural Language Processing Proceedings of the Conference October 25-29, 2014 Doha, Qatar #12;Sponsors Diamond Platinum Gold Silver Bronze Supporter IBM #12;Preface by the General Chair Welcome to the 2014 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural

  9. A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Amlan

    A taxonomy for simulation modeling based on programming language principles PAUL A. FISHWICK many diverse areas employ simulation models, no agreed-upon taxonomy has been developed to categorize than the design structure of the model. We present a uniform model design taxonomy whose categories

  10. Taxonomy and synthesis of Web services querying languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bitar, Ibrahim El; Roudies, Ounsa

    2012-01-01

    Most works on Web services has focused on discovery, composition and selection processes of these kinds of services. Other few works were interested in how to represent Web services search queries. However, these queries cannot be processed by ensuring a high level of performance without being adequately represented first. To this end, different query languages were designed. Even so, in the absence of a standard, these languages are quite various. Their diversity makes it difficult choosing the most suitable language. In fact, this language should be able to cover all types of preferences or requirements of clients such as their functional, nonfunctional,temporal or even specific constraints as is the case of geographical or spatial constraints and meet their needs and preferences helping to provide them the best answer. It must also be mutually simple and imposes no restrictions or at least not too many constraints in terms of prior knowledge to use and also provide a formal or semi-formal queries presentat...

  11. The Data Center AN OVERVIEW OF THE M LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brock, David

    The Data Center AN OVERVIEW OF THE M LANGUAGE David L. Brock, Edmund W. Schuster and Timothy J. Kutz, Sr. The Data Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Building 35, Room 234, Cambridge, MA 02139-4307, USA ABSTRACT The MIT Data Center is moving into a new stage of development and application

  12. A Visual Recipe Book for Persons with Language Impairments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    A Visual Recipe Book for Persons with Language Impairments Kimberly Tee , Karyn Moffatt , Leah activity for many people. However, traditional text recipes are often prohibitively difficult to follow, providing a presentation format that can be more easily followed than a traditional text recipe. Through

  13. Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language-Measure- Theoretic Approach Devesh K. Jha the problem of goal-directed robot path planning in the presence of uncertainties that are induced by bounded, probabilistic finite state automata 1 Motivation and Introduction In general, path planning of robots (e

  14. A Configurable Reference Modelling Language1 M. Rosemanna

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Aalst, Wil

    Systems, Configuration, Event-Driven Process Chains 1 This research project is financially supported by SAP Research. #12;- 2 - 1 Introduction Enterprise Systems (ES) offer business solutions for typical language used in the by far most successful Enterprise System (SAP) with configurable elements. Thus

  15. Programming with Algebraic Structures: Design of the Magma Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bosma, Wieb

    Programming with Algebraic Structures: Design of the Magma Language Wieb Bosma John Cannon Graham is centred on the concept of algebraic structure (magma). The use of algebraic structure as a design paradigm MAGMA is a new software system for computational algebra, number theory and geometry whose design

  16. Refinement of Hybrid Systems from Formal Models to Design Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cengarle, María Victoria

    of high-level design of a control system, it is highly desirable to use representations that accuratelyRefinement of Hybrid Systems from Formal Models to Design Languages Jan Romberg Systems & Software Abstract System-level design for discrete-continuous embedded systems is a complex and error- prone task

  17. Current Issues in Software Engineering for Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and architectural evaluation when reporting new NLP research. 1 Introduction It is notoriously difficult is not aware of any studies that estimate project failure rate. The risks of failure seem even higher in this area, because the language engineer faces additional complexity (Figure 1): Accuracy. A fundamental

  18. 49 Stress-timed vs. Syllable-timed Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mehler, Jacques

    49 Stress-timed vs. Syllable- timed Languages Marina Nespor Mohinish Shukla Jacques Mehler 1; Prince 1983; Nespor & Vogel 1989; chapter 43: representations of word stress), the element that "establishes order" in the flow of speech is stress: universally, stressed and unstressed positions alternate

  19. Building Online Corpora of Philippine Languages* Shirley N. Dita

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Building Online Corpora of Philippine Languages* Shirley N. Dita a , Rachel Edita O. Roxas b Avenue, Manila, Philippines shirley.dita@dlsu.edu.ph b College of Computer Studies, De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines {rachel.roxas, paul.inventado}@dlsu.edu.ph Abstract

  20. Computational Linguistics Research on Philippine Languages Rachel Edita O. ROXAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Computational Linguistics Research on Philippine Languages Rachel Edita O. ROXAS Software Technology Department De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines ccsror@ccs.dlsu.edu.ph Allan BORRA Software Technology Department De La Salle University 2401 Taft Avenue, Manila, Philippines

  1. Towards an Access Control Policy Specification Language for CORBA \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ziegler, Günter M.

    to subjects or groups of subjects. How these are declared would be defined by the au­ thentication concepts are specified in natural language and later reformulated in terms of a particular access control mechanism. Management of policies is thus done in terms of low--level constructs rather than in terms

  2. SIMULATING CHILDREN'S NULL SUBJECTS: AN EARLY LANGUAGE GENERATION MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SIMULATING CHILDREN'S NULL SUBJECTS: AN EARLY LANGUAGE GENERATION MODEL Carole T. Boster Department, the model addresses the issue of why missing or phonetically "null" subjects appear as often as they do are that an output generator successfullyapproximates the null-subject output patterns found in English

  3. Detecting Subject Boundaries Within Text: A Language Independent Statistical Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    Detecting Subject Boundaries Within Text: A Language Independent Statistical Approach Korin describe here an algorithm for detect­ ing subject boundaries within text based on a statistical lexical assumptions is that a change in subject is accompanied by a change in vo­ cabulary. Using this assumption

  4. Natural Language Access to Data Bases" Interpreting Update Requests 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natural Language Access to Data Bases" Interpreting Update Requests 1 James Davidson and S. Jerrold of the domain, which may be a considerable simplification of the actual underlying data base structure. Updates to the underlying data base. Update requests may be impossible (cannot be performed in any way), ambiguous (can

  5. Prototyping and Simulating Domain-Specific Languages for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freytag, Johann-Christoph

    based on Scheme and Eclipse EMF and present first experiences from the prototyping of a stream-oriented language for the description of earthquake detection algorithms. #12;Contents Contents 1 Introduction 3 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.5 EMF/Scheme-Bridge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 3.6 Execution

  6. NIST 2007 Language Recognition Evaluation: From the Perspective of IIR*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research, Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR), Singapore {hli,mabin,kalee,kcsim,hwsun,tongrong,dzhu,echyou}@i2r.a-star.edu.sg Abstract. This paper describes the Institute for Infocomm Research (IIR) system and Technology (NIST). The submitted system is a fusion of multiple state-of- the-art language classifiers using

  7. An Embedded Language Approach to Teaching Hardware Compilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    An Embedded Language Approach to Teaching Hardware Compilation Koen Claessen 1 and Gordon J. Pace 2, Grenoble, France (Gordon.Pace@imag.fr) Abstract. This paper describes a course in hardware description and synthesis (hardware compilation), taught as an introductory graduate course at Chalmers University

  8. An Embedded Language Approach to Teaching Hardware Compilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    An Embedded Language Approach to Teaching Hardware Compilation Koen Claessen1 and Gordon J. Pace2 1, France (Gordon.Pace@imag.fr) Abstract. This paper describes a course in hardware description and synthesis (hardware compilation), taught as an introductory graduate course at Chalmers University

  9. HUMAN LANGUAGE Proceedings of a Workshop held at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................................................... 3 SESSION 1: Lexicons, Corpora, and Evaluation Session Summary, George A. Miller, Chair .................................................. 7 The Comlex Syntax Project: The First Year Catherine Macleod, Ralph Grishman, Adam Meyers: New York .................................................................................................................. 43 1993 Benchmark Tests for the ARPA Spoken Language Program David S. Pallett, Jonathan G. Fiscus

  10. USING PROCESS SPECIFICATION LANGUAGE FOR PROJECT INFORMATION EXCHANGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    as a standard exchange language for process information in the manufacturing industry. In this paper, we explore specifically to exchange process information among manufacturing applications. This study explores, academia and standards organizations to propose ontology standards for data exchange, such as STEP (ISO

  11. LMNtal: a Language Model with Links and Membranes Kazunori UEDA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueda, Kazunori

    Science, Waseda University 3-4-1, Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan E­mail:{ueda,n-kato}@ueda.info) synchronous and asynchronous communication uniformly. Also, through such uniformity and resource it is one of the most powerful multiset rewriting languages. Given these two extensions, a natural question

  12. Programming with Logical Links: Design of the LMNtal language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ueda, Kazunori

    -ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan {ueda,n-kato}@ueda.info.waseda.ac.jp CREST, Japan Science and Technology and Norio Kato Also, through such uniformity and resource-consciousness implied by (a) and (b) above, LMNtal rewriting languages. Given these two extensions, a natural question arises as to whether (the multiset

  13. Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wintner, Shuly

    Natural Language Engineering http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE Additional services for Natural1351324912000101 Request Permissions : Click here Downloaded from http://journals.cambridge.org/NLE, IP address: 79 as anchors that delimit the search space. We use a large monolingual corpus to rank and filter

  14. On Monotone Data Mining Languages Toon Calders1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antwerpen, Universiteit

    University of Mons-Hainaut, Belgium jef.wijsen@umh.ac.be Abstract. We present a simple Data Mining Logic (DMLOn Monotone Data Mining Languages Toon Calders1 and Jef Wijsen2 1 Research Assistant of the Fund for Scientific Research ­ Flanders (Belgium) (F.W.O. ­ Vlaanderen), University of Antwerp calders@uia.ua.ac.be 2

  15. Description Logics as Ontology Languages for the Semantic Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baader, Franz

    Description Logics as Ontology Languages for the Semantic Web Franz Baader 1 , Ian Horrocks 2. The vision of a Semantic Web has recently drawn consider- able attention, both from academia and industry. Description logics are often named as one of the tools that can support the Semantic Web and thus help to make

  16. Finite-Tree Analysis for Constraint Logic-Based Languages ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Patricia

    @di.unipi.it 3 School of Computing, University of Leeds, U. K. hill@comp.leeds.ac.uk Abstract. Logic languages was done during visits of the fourth author to Leeds, funded by EPSRC under grant M05645. 1 That is, rooted, directed and possibly cyclic graphs where nodes are labeled with variable and function symbols

  17. Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Language and Ontologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Language and Ontologies Roman Kutlak, editor April 14, 2015 #12 knowledge base, relying on linguistic evidence 13:00 - 14:00 ­ Lunch 14:00 - 14:30 ­ When is Lying the Right session/Discussion + Break #12;iv Workshop Organisers Roman Kutlak University of Aberdeen Artemis Parvizi

  18. Department: Modern and Classical Languages (CAMS section) Course No: 102

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    own right, students gain an awareness of the profound influence of Roman civilization on modernDepartment: Modern and Classical Languages (CAMS section) Course No: 102 Credits: 3 Title: Roman Civilization Contact: Sara R. Johnson Content Area: CA1-Arts and Humanities Catalog Copy: CAMS 102. Roman

  19. Parsing Free Word Order Languages in the Paninian Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    because it will be able to make use of primary sources of information directly. 2. Such a formalism@iitk.ernet.in Abstract There is a need to develop a suitable computational grammar formalism for free word order languages for two reasons: First, a suitably designed formal- ism is likely to be more efficient. Second

  20. NVL: a coordination language for unmanned vehicle networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marques, Eduardo R. B.

    (UUVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), the core design and implementation traits, and results fromNVL: a coordination language for unmanned vehicle networks Eduardo R. B. Marques1 , Manuel Ribeiro2 Engenharia, Universidade do Porto ABSTRACT The coordinated use of multiple unmanned vehicles over a net- work

  1. Operational Semantics and Type Soundness of Quantum Programming Language LanQ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hynek Mlnarik

    2007-08-07

    We present an imperative quantum programming language LanQ which was designed to support combination of quantum and classical programming and basic process operations - process creation and interprocess communication. The language can thus be used for implementing both classical and quantum algorithms and protocols. Its syntax is similar to that of C language what makes it easy to learn for existing programmers. In this paper, we present operational semantics of the language and a proof of type soundness of the noncommunicating part of the language. We provide an example run of a quantum random number generator.

  2. A Global View Programming Abstraction for Transitioning MPI Codes to PGAS Languages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mintz, Tiffany M [ORNL] [ORNL; Hernandez, Oscar R [ORNL] [ORNL; Bernholdt, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01

    The multicore generation of scientific high performance computing has provided a platform for the realization of Exascale computing, and has also underscored the need for new paradigms in coding parallel applications. The current standard for writing parallel applications requires programmers to use languages designed for sequential execution. These languages have abstractions that only allow programmers to operate on the process centric local view of data. To provide suitable languages for parallel execution, many research efforts have designed languages based on the Partitioned Global Address Space (PGAS) programming model. Chapel is one of the more recent languages to be developed using this model. Chapel supports multithreaded execution with high-level abstractions for parallelism. With Chapel in mind, we have developed a set of directives that serve as intermediate expressions for transitioning scientific applications from languages designed for sequential execution to PGAS languages like Chapel that are being developed with parallelism in mind.

  3. Approved Module Information for CS2130, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Programming Language Concepts Module Code: CS2130

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for CS2130, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Programming Language Concepts of and capability with programming languages, leading to: * improved background for choosing an appropriate programming language for a task * increased ability to learn new programming languages * increased capacity

  4. Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pages 5962, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12 and 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , November 12 and 13, 2011. Philippine Languages Online Corpora: Status, issues, and prospects Shirley Dita on the building of online corpus for Philippine languages. As for the status, the Philippine Languages Online discussed in this paper. 1 Introduction The 171 living Philippine languages have been the subject

  5. SLALOM: a Language for SLA specification and monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Correia, Anacleto; Amaral, Vasco

    2011-01-01

    IT services provisioning is usually underpinned by service level agreements (SLAs), aimed at guaranteeing services quality. However, there is a gap between the customer perspective (business oriented) and that of the service provider (implementation oriented) that becomes more evident while defining and monitoring SLAs. This paper proposes a domain specific language (SLA Language for specificatiOn and Monitoring - SLALOM) to bridge the previous gap. The first step in SLALOM creation was factoring out common concepts, by composing the BPMN metamodel with that of the SLA life cycle, as described in ITIL. The derived metamodel expresses the SLALOM abstract syntax model. The second step was to write concrete syntaxes targeting different aims, such as SLA representation in process models. An example of SLALOM's concrete syntax model instantiation for an IT service sup-ported by self-service financial terminals is presented.

  6. Roget's Thesaurus as a Lexical Resource for Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarmasz, Mario

    2012-01-01

    WordNet proved that it is possible to construct a large-scale electronic lexical database on the principles of lexical semantics. It has been accepted and used extensively by computational linguists ever since it was released. Inspired by WordNet's success, we propose as an alternative a similar resource, based on the 1987 Penguin edition of Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases. Peter Mark Roget published his first Thesaurus over 150 years ago. Countless writers, orators and students of the English language have used it. Computational linguists have employed Roget's for almost 50 years in Natural Language Processing, however hesitated in accepting Roget's Thesaurus because a proper machine tractable version was not available. This dissertation presents an implementation of a machine-tractable version of the 1987 Penguin edition of Roget's Thesaurus - the first implementation of its kind to use an entire current edition. It explains the steps necessary for taking a machine-readable file and transform...

  7. A procedural language for automated analog circuit design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Macaluso, Edmond Roy

    1984-01-01

    new design system for the automated design of analog integrated circuits is presented. This system provides completely automated layout from a multilevel circuit description. The circuit description may include instances of fixed geomet- ric... Hierarchical Layout Description Languages for IC Design Summary Scope of Thesis Overview of Remainder of Thesis 1 2 4 5 6 g 11 14 15 16 II AUTOMATED ANALOG CIRCUIT DESIGN 18 2. 1 2. 2 2. 3 2. 4 Analog Design Requirements A Prototype System...

  8. Symbol Grounding and the Origin of Language Alexandre Blondin Masse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harnad, Stevan

    d'informatique math´ematique Universit´e du Qu´ebec `a Montr´eal Montreal, Canada Stevan Harnad Institut de sciences cognitives Universit´e du Qu´ebec `a Montr´eal Montreal, Canada Summer School Institut'informatique math´ematique Universit´e du Qu´ebec `a Montr´eal Montreal, CanSymbol Grounding and Language ISC Summer

  9. Language Technologies "New Media and eScience" MSc Programme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erjavec, Toma?

    Technologies TechnicalitiesTechnicalities Lecturer:Lecturer: http://http://nl.ijs.si/et/nl.ijs.si/et/ tomaz.erjavec@ijs.sitomaz.erjavec@ijs.si Course homepage:Course homepage: http://nl.ijs.si/et/teach/mps08http://nl.ijs.si/et/teach/mps08--hlt: introduction to datasets Exam datesExam dates Introduction to HumanIntroduction to Human Language Technologies

  10. Relating the MSR Crypto-Protocol Specification Language to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the Transformation Running Example Conclusion #12;MSR Specification Language Atomic Types: princ, nonce, msg Dependent Types: shK A B, pubK A, privK k, stK A B, ltK A B Subtyping: princ Role B B . L : princ(B) nonce nonce ltK B S . A : princ. n : nonce . kBS : ltK B S . X : msg

  11. Proceedings of the 8th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pages 3037, Beijing, China, 21-22 August 2010. c 2010 Asian Federation for Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    when it is asso- ciated with "soldier," while it exhibits the "container for liquid or gas" sense when-22 August 2010. c 2010 Asian Federation for Natural Language Processing Augmenting a Bilingual Lexicon, or bilingual dictionary, is a fundamental linguistic resource for multi- lingual natural language processing

  12. Using similar tasks to increase negotiation of meaning and language production in an online second language learning environment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslanyilmaz, Abdurrahman

    2009-05-15

    for comprehensible input as suggested by the Interaction Hypothesis (Long, 1996; Long 1985; Mackey, 1999). According to the input hypothesis developed by Krashen (1985) input comprehension facilitates second language acquisition as reported by Long (1981, 1983... knowledge) have been examined by researchers (Bygate, 1996; Bygate, 2001; Crookes, 1989; Foster, 2001; Foster & Skehan, 1996; Gass, Mackey, Fernandez, & Alvarez-Torres, 1999; Good & Butterworth, 1980; Lynch & Maclean, 2001; Mehnert, 1998; Ortega, 1999...

  13. Introduction to Special Issue: Critical Perspectives on Neoliberalism in Second / Foreign Language Education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Katie A.; Hellmich, Emily A.; Katznelson, Noah; Shin, Jaran; Vinall, Kimberly

    2015-01-01

    imagining language in education. REFERENCES Barthes, R. (The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved from http://and the promise of higher education: The university as a

  14. Semantic Annotation and Human Language Kalina Bontcheva, Hamish Cunningham, Atanas Kiryakov and Valentin Tablan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bontcheva, Kalina

    Semantic Annotation and Human Language Technology Kalina Bontcheva, Hamish Cunningham, Atanas tools. For example, printing or compute cycle or storage services. In these cases the opposite need

  15. Motor activation in language processing : effects of handedness, experience, and planning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beveridge, Madeleine Edith Louisa

    2014-07-01

    Embodied Cognition accounts propose that motor activation contributes to semantic representations in action language (Fischer & Zwaan, 2008). However, the nature of this activation remains largely unspecified: in particular, ...

  16. Introduction to the GiNaC Framework for Symbolic Computation within the C++ Programming Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Bauer; Alexander Frink; Richard Kreckel

    2001-07-10

    The traditional split-up into a low level language and a high level language in the design of computer algebra systems may become obsolete with the advent of more versatile computer languages. We describe GiNaC, a special-purpose system that deliberately denies the need for such a distinction. It is entirely written in C++ and the user can interact with it directly in that language. It was designed to provide efficient handling of multivariate polynomials, algebras and special functions that are needed for loop calculations in theoretical quantum field theory. It also bears some potential to become a more general purpose symbolic package.

  17. Mandarin Chinese as a Heritage Language: A Case Study of U.S.-born Taiwanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CHEN, CHUNG-YU

    2013-01-01

    supplementary education in the Chinese and Korean immigrant327. Pan, S. , (1997). Chinese in New York. In O. García, &language ideology at a Chinese Saturday school. (Doctoral

  18. Energy Audits and Retro-Commissioning: State and Local Policy Design Guide and Sample Policy Language

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-29

    Provides guidance and sample policy language to help state and local governments enact and implement policies addressing energy assessments of or improvements to existing commercial buildings

  19. Do All Languages Have Word Accent? Or: What's So Great About Being Universal?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyman, Larry M

    2010-01-01

    distribution of phonological word domains: a probabilisticsome paths of evolution for word stress. Studies in LanguageStressTyp: A Database for Word Accentual Patterns in the

  20. Sign Language Recognition Using Boosted Volumetric Features Helen Cooper Richard Bowden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowden, Richard

    Sign Language Recognition Using Boosted Volumetric Features Helen Cooper Richard Bowden CVSSP, SEPS using an integral volume. These volumetric fea- tures are assembled into spatio-temporal classifiers

  1. Towards a Semantic Lexicon for Biological Language Processing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Verspoor, Karin

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the use of the resources in the National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) for the construction of a lexicon useful for processing texts in the field of molecular biology. A lexicon is constructed from overlapping terms in the UMLS SPECIALIST lexicon and the UMLS Metathesaurus to obtain both morphosyntactic and semantic information for terms, and the coverage of a domain corpus is assessed. Over 77% of tokens in the domain corpus are found in the constructed lexicon, validating the lexicon's coverage of the most frequent terms in the domain and indicating that the constructedmore »lexicon is potentially an important resource for biological text processing.« less

  2. MIA -Master on Artificial Intelligence Advanced Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ageno, Alicia

    times Observed sequency: X = {HHT, HTT, TTT, HHH} #12;Advanced Natural Language Processing Machine estimates of model parameters given observations X = {HHT, HTT, TTT, HHH} = E[Y=H] N p1 = 2·P(HHT,H)+1·P(HTT,H)+0·P(TTT,H)+3·P(HHH,H) E[Y=H] p2 = 2·P(HHT,T)+1·P(HTT,T)+0·P(TTT,T)+3·P(HHH,T) E[Y=T] #12;Advanced

  3. Selected Translated Abstracts of Chinese-Language Climate Change Publications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Burtis, M.D.

    1999-05-01

    This report contains English-translated abstracts of important Chinese-language literature concerning global climate change for the years 1995-1998. This body of literature includes the topics of adaptation, ancient climate change, climate variation, the East Asia monsoon, historical climate change, impacts, modeling, and radiation and trace-gas emissions. In addition to the biological citations and abstracts translated into English, this report presents the original citations and abstracts in Chinese. Author and title indexes are included to assist the reader in locating abstracts of particular interest.

  4. The semantics of Chemical Markup Language (CML): dictionaries and conventions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray-Rust, Peter; Townsend, Joe A.; Adams, Sam E.; Phadungsukanan, Weerapong; Thomas, Jens

    2011-10-14

    : ChemAxiom - An Ontological Framework for Chemistry in Science. Nature Precedings 2009. 3. OWL 2 Web Ontology Language. [http://www.w3.org/TR/owl2-overview/], Accessed 2011-05-25. Figure 3 A compchem-compliant document read into the Avogadro [39]browser... ://www.quantum-espresso.org/], Accessed 2011-05-25. 38. CML compchem dictionary. [http://xml-cml.org/dictionary/compchem/], Accessed 2011-05-25. 39. Avogadro software. [http://avogadro.openmolecules.net], Accessed 2011- 05-25. doi:10.1186/1758-2946-3-43 Cite this article as: Murray...

  5. Plain Language Compliance Report (2015) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyAprilEnergyPartnership forHydrogen Storage »of5) Plain Language

  6. “Wi Snackt Wedder Platt!” Bringing Low German back to Bremen and Lower Saxony through the Charter for Regional or Minority Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Sara Sofia

    2015-10-01

    Since 1992, when the Council of Europe created the Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, 25 member states, including Germany, have ratified the Charter. The Charter protects several minority languages in Germany, but only one regional language...

  7. A Study of Feedback Strategies in Foreign Language Classrooms and Tutorials with Implications for Intelligent Computer-Assisted Language Learning Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira Cabrera, Anita; Moore, Johanna D.; Mellish, Chris

    This paper presents two new corpus-based studies of feedback in the domain of teaching Spanish as a foreign language, concentrating on the type and frequency of different feedback moves, as well as what happens in the ...

  8. Can DomainCan Domain--Specific Languages Be ImplementedSpecific Languages Be Implemented by Serviceby Service--Oriented Architecture?Oriented Architecture?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Jeffrey G.

    , alcardenas, xangxiong}@CSUFresno.edu Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science University/modeling language that shields accidental complexity by uplifting the abstraction layer When implementing a DSL

  9. When language policy and pedagogy conflict: pupils’ and educators’ ‘practiced language policies’ in an English-medium kindergarten classroom in Greece 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papageorgiou, Ifigenia

    2012-11-28

    An international school (BES) in Greece, overwhelmingly attended by Greek origin children, has adopted, as its language policy, English as the ‘official’ medium of interaction, including in the Reception classroom, the ...

  10. Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Comparison, similarity and simulation in Zaar, a Chadic language of Nigeria Bernard CARON Llacan `similative' in Zaar, a Chadic language spoken south of Bauchi State, in Northern Nigeria. As the Zaar known as Saya, is spoken by about 150 000 speakers in the South of Bauchi State (Nigeria), in the Tafawa

  11. CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alain

    1 CHP and CHPsim: A Language and Simulator for Fine-Grain Distributed Computation Alain J. Martin Abstract--This paper describes a complete and stable version of CHP and the simulator CHPsim. CHP partial versions of the language are already widely used, but CHP has never been presented as a complete

  12. Hey, You Got Your Language In My Operating System! Mark Montague

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hey, You Got Your Language In My Operating System! Jon Howell Mark Montague Technical Report PCS,montague}@cs.dartmouth.edu December 9, 1998 Abstract Several projects in the operating systems research community suggest a trend of convergence among fea- tures once divided between operating systems and languages. We describe how partial

  13. Extending A Tool Integration Language Mark A. Gisi \\Lambda Gail E. Kaiser y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by encapsulating tools in envelopes, designed to abstract the details of a tool from the Marvel kernel, thereby providing a ``black box'' interface. Initially we used the Unix shell language to write envelopes. Due. We describe these limitations and discuss how we extended the shell language to obtain a new envelope

  14. Beyond the Numbers: An Analysis of Optimistic and Pessimistic Language in Earnings Press Releases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kearns, Michael

    Beyond the Numbers: An Analysis of Optimistic and Pessimistic Language in Earnings Press Releases. #12;Beyond the Numbers: An Analysis of Optimistic and Pessimistic Language in Earnings Press Releases press releases to provide information about expected future firm performance to the market, and whether

  15. Desynchronized Multi-State Abstractions for Open Programs in Dynamic Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rival, Xavier

    . Dynamic language library developers face a challenging problem: ensuring that their libraries will behave stems from the common use of two defining features for dynamic languages: callbacks into client code, the second abstraction tracks attribute name/value pairs across the execution of a library. We implement

  16. Automatic Language Identification using Long Short-Term Memory Recurrent Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Automatic Language Identification using Long Short-Term Memory Recurrent Neural Networks Javier-Term Memory (LSTM) recurrent neural networks (RNNs) for automatic lan- guage identification (LID). The use is compared to baseline i-vector and feed forward Deep Neural Network (DNN) systems in the NIST Language

  17. APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M. LEEMIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leemis, Larry

    APPL: A Probability Programming Language Maj. Andrew G. GLEN, Diane L. EVANS, and Lawrence M having arbitrary distributions. This arti- cle presents a prototype probability package named APPL (A probability software package, referred to as "A Prob- ability Programming Language" (APPL), that fills

  18. Mathematics Language Skills of Second Year Analysis Students Tangl Kabael &Aynur zda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    Mathematics Language Skills of Second Year Analysis Students Tangül Kabael &Aynur Özda tuygur@anadolu.edu.tr & aozdas@anadolu.edu.tr Abstract The purpose of this study is to determine mathematics language skills of second year analysis students taking Analysis IV course in Elementary Mathematics Education Program

  19. Applying an ObjectOriented Petri Net Language to Heterogeneous Systems Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    Applying an Object­Oriented Petri Net Language to Heterogeneous Systems Design Robert Esser ESEC SA and Networks Laboratory Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) Zurich, Switzerland {janneck, naedele and data or material flow dominated parts. The language consists of a class of high level time Petri nets

  20. An Object Oriented Petri Net Language for Embedded System Design Robert Esser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esser, Robert

    An Object Oriented Petri Net Language for Embedded System Design Robert Esser Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) CH­8092 Zurich, Switzerland esser and structure. The proposed modelling language consists of a class of high level time Petri nets, augmented

  1. KDDML: a middleware language and system for knowledge discovery in databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruggieri, Salvatore

    KDDML: a middleware language and system for knowledge discovery in databases Andrea Romei Salvatore can be easily plugged in the system. Key words: Knowledge Discovery in Databases, Data Mining, Query Languages 1 Introduction Knowledge discovery in databases (KDD) [10] covers a wide range of applica- tive

  2. Identification of LMS Instuctional Language: an Analysis Process Aymen Abedmouleh, Lahcen Oubahssi, Pierre Laforcade, Christophe Choquet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laforcade, Pierre

    Identification of LMS Instuctional Language: an Analysis Process Aymen Abedmouleh, Lahcen Oubahssi firstname.secondname@univ-lemans.fr Abstract-- this paper presents an LMS centered instructional design of the instructional language of LMS systems. This process takes into account two complementary viewpoints: the user

  3. Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language Model to Location Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fouquet, Yannick

    Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language. Pervasive informatics and persistent actimetric information in health smart homes : From Language Model, this approach seems to be a good way of location modelling. Index Terms--smart flats for elderly people

  4. MOUNTAIN: A Translation-based Approach to Natural Language Generation for Dialog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Black, Alan W

    MOUNTAIN: A Translation-based Approach to Natural Language Generation for Dialog Systems Brian, USA {blangner,awb}@cs.cmu.edu Abstract. This paper describes the Mountain language generation system a corpus of in-domain human responses, and show typical output of the Mountain system. The results of our

  5. PNEPs, NEPs for Context Free Parsing: Application to Natural Language Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfonseca, Manuel

    PNEPs, NEPs for Context Free Parsing: Application to Natural Language Processing Alfonso Ortega1.mercas@estudiants.urv.cat, alexander.perekrestenko@estudiants.urv.cat Abstract. This work tests the suitability of NEPs to parse languages. We propose PNEP, a simple extension to NEP, and a procedure to translate a grammar into a PNEP

  6. Towards a Pattern Language for Security Risk Analysis of Web Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    Towards a Pattern Language for Security Risk Analysis of Web Applications Yan Li, SINTEF ICT This article introduces a pattern language for security risk analysis of web applications in an example driven a security requirements pattern, a web application design pattern and a risk analysis model pattern

  7. Programming Self-Organizing Systems with the Higher-Order Chemical Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    @irisa.fr Received on 17th March 2006 In a chemical language, computation is viewed as abstract mo- lecules reacting in an abstract chemical solution. Data can be seen as molecules and operations as chemical reactions: if someProgramming Self-Organizing Systems with the Higher-Order Chemical Language JEAN-PIERRE BAN ^ATRE1

  8. A Language Identification Application Built on the Java Client/Server Platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    constructed a system to dynamically add language labels for whole documents and text fragments. We have experi labelling accuracy and the size/completeness of the language models. 1 Introduction In the 1.1 release been added to the base Java package 1 making the package usable for multilingual 1A few pointers

  9. Numeral systems across languages support efficient communication: From approximate numerosity to recursion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regier, Terry

    Numeral systems across languages support efficient communication: From approximate numerosity this spectrum. We find that these numeral systems all reflect a functional need for efficient communication differ qualitatively in their numeral systems. At one extreme, some languages have a small set of number

  10. A NEW METHODOLOGY FOR GENERATING TEST CASES FOR A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE COMPILER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, Daniel M.

    -46- A NEW METHODOLOGY FOR GENERATING TEST CASES FOR A PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE COMPILER by Daniel M A compiler writer writes a compiler for a programming language L. He/she wants to test the compiler thoroughly before releasing it to the market, so that no customer of the compiler will find any bugs

  11. Fall 2011 CIS 452 STRUCTURED QUERY LANGUAGE (SQL) Course Number: CIS 452

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diestel, Geoff

    Fall 2011 CIS 452 STRUCTURED QUERY LANGUAGE (SQL) Course Number: CIS 452 Course Name: Structured Query Language (SQL) Catalog Description: (2010-2011) A study of SQL, including relational database schema in SQL, formulating SQL queries and sub queries of varying complexity, embedding SQL statements

  12. Structural Equivalence Between Co-occurrences of Characters and Words in the Chinese Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tse, Chi K. "Michael"

    Structural Equivalence Between Co-occurrences of Characters and Words in the Chinese Language are constructed for studying the co-occurrence of characters and words in the Chinese language. Two types of networks are investigated. In the first type, nodes correspond to Chinese characters, and in the second

  13. From General Game Descriptions to a Market Specification Language for General Trading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thielscher, Michael

    From General Game Descriptions to a Market Specification Language for General Trading Agents Trading Agents, which are able to understand the rules of un- known markets and then to actively Specification Language and illustrate its expressive power by presenting axiomatizations of several well

  14. A Data Mining Query Language for Knowledge Discovery in a Geographical Information System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malerba, Donato

    ). INGENS (INductive GEographic iNformation System) is a prototype GIS which integrates data mining tools language used in INGENS, whose design is based on the standard OQL (Object Query Language). Currently georeferenced data, can be used in topographic map interpretation tasks. A prototype of GIS, named INGENS [19

  15. Structural Biases in Phonology: Infant and Adult Evidence from Artificial Language Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makous, Walter

    and the attestation of phonological rules in the world's lan- guages. We tested 8-month-old infants and adultsStructural Biases in Phonology: Infant and Adult Evidence from Artificial Language Learning Elika biases in infant and adult language learning follow (or better yet, follow from) typological biases

  16. ChalkBoard: A Functional Image Description Language and Its Practical Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matlage, Kevin

    2011-04-21

    ChalkBoard is a domain specific language (DSL) for describing images. The ChalkBoard language is uncompromisingly functional and encourages the use of modern functional idioms. Unlike many similar systems, ChalkBoard uses off-the-shelf graphics...

  17. SACS --A Pattern Language for Safe Adaptive Control Software Andr Alexandersen Hauge,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stølen, Ketil

    the OECD Halden Reactor Project, a nuclear research project managed by Institute for energy technology (IFESACS -- A Pattern Language for Safe Adaptive Control Software André Alexandersen Hauge, Department for Safe Adaptive Control Software named SACS. We interpret the term "pattern language" such that a set

  18. COMPARING HUMAN AND MACHINE PERFORMANCE FO R NATURAL LANGUAGE INFORMATION EXTRACTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMPARING HUMAN AND MACHINE PERFORMANCE FO R NATURAL LANGUAGE INFORMATION EXTRACTION: Results the state of technology for extracting information from natural language text by machine, it i s valuable. Production of templates was performed by human analysts extracting the data from the text and structurin g it

  19. Optimal control of robot behaviour using language Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo Fu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    Optimal control of robot behaviour using language measure1 Xi Wang, Asok Ray*, Peter Lee and Jinbo presents optimal control of robot behaviour in the discrete event setting. Real signed measure of the language of supervised robot behaviour serves as the performance index for synthesis of the optimal policy

  20. KEYBOARD MAPPING AND FONT RENDERING TECHNIQUES FOR NON-LATIN LANGUAGES CASE OF ANDROID MOBILE PHONES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    KEYBOARD MAPPING AND FONT RENDERING TECHNIQUES FOR NON-LATIN LANGUAGES CASE OF ANDROID MOBILE Rendering Techniques for Non-Latin Languages Case of Android Mobile Phones by Dhruv Bhasin Master of Science Devanagari script and writing system, no input method solution has existed so far in Android Mobiles

  1. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Middeldorp, Aart

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has- kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re- writing can

  2. Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ábrahám, Erika

    Automated Termination Analysis for Haskell: From Term Rewriting to Programming Languages # J the application of existing techniques from term rewriting in order to prove termination of programs in the functional language Has­ kell. In particular, we show how termination techniques for ordinary re­ writing can

  3. TALN 2003, Batz-sur-Mer, 1114 juin 2003 Automatic thesaurus generation for minority languages: an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scannell, Kevin Patrick

    TALN 2003, Batz-sur-Mer, 11­14 juin 2003 Automatic thesaurus generation for minority languages. Louis, Missouri, USA scannell@slu.edu Mots-clefs ­ Keywords G´en´eration automatique de th´esaurus, Irlandais Automatic thesaurus generation, Irish language R´esum´e - Abstract Nous pr´esentons des techniques

  4. Development of R-Cubed Manipulation Language The design of an RCML 2.0 system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tachi, Susumu

    Development of R-Cubed Manipulation Language The design of an RCML 2.0 system Dairoku Sekiguchi called RCML 2.0. In RCML 2.0, we introduced a language RXID 2.0 for defining Graphical User Interface (GUI), which is used for controlling the remote robot into the system. Both RCML 2.0 and RXID 2.0

  5. Semantics Guided Filtering of Combinatorial Graph Transformations in Declarative Equation-Based Languages.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burns, Peter

    required to get the simulation working. The paper is organized as follows: Section 2 introduces Modelica, a new equation-based declarative language. Some specific Modelica language constructs necessary using Modelica. Section 5 gives some preliminary definitions related to the concept of bipartite graphs

  6. WICT PROCEEDINGS, DECEMBER 2008 1 Meta-Functional Languages for Hardware Design and Verification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Gordon J.

    WICT PROCEEDINGS, DECEMBER 2008 1 Meta-Functional Languages for Hardware Design and Verification of embedding hardware description lan- guages in general-purpose languages has been widely explored in the literature and has been shown to aid hardware design and verification. In this paper we ex- plore the use

  7. The Challenges of Hardware Synthesis from C-like Languages Stephen A. Edwards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Challenges of Hardware Synthesis from C-like Languages Stephen A. Edwards Department of integrated circuits we can fabricate imposes a continuing need for ways to de- scribe complex hardware as specification languages for digital hardware. Yet, tools based on this idea have seen little commercial interest

  8. Rapid Prototyping of Robust Language Understanding Modules for Spoken Dialogue Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapid Prototyping of Robust Language Understanding Modules for Spoken Dialogue Systems Yuichiro,tsujino}@jp.honda-ri.com Abstract Language understanding (LU) modules for spoken dialogue systems in the early phases or transcribe and annotate a suf- ficient corpus for training. In our method, the weightings of the Weighted

  9. Extending a C-like Language for Portable SIMD Programming Roland Leia Sebastian Hack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wald, Ingo

    Extending a C-like Language for Portable SIMD Programming Roland Leißa Sebastian Hack Compiler. However, automatic vector- ization techniques are often not powerful enough and suffer from restricted. In this paper, we show how a C-like language can be extended to allow for portable and efficient SIMD

  10. Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling Joo Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    Business-Specific Languages for Organizational Modeling João Paulo Pedro Mendes de Sousa Saraiva 1, there are many languages for business modeling, such as UML, BPMN and EPBE, which are well suited to describe. In business user- models, those concepts are usually only present as element names, and thus the modeling tool

  11. Predicting Response to Political Blog Posts with Topic Models Language Technologies Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, William W.

    Predicting Response to Political Blog Posts with Topic Models Tae Yano Language Technologies Language Technologies Institute Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA nasmith@cs.cmu.edu Abstract In this paper we model discussions in online po- litical weblogs (blogs). To do this, we extend La

  12. Knowledge Transfer and Opinion Detection in the TREC2006 Blog Track Language Technologies Inst.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Callan, Jamie

    Knowledge Transfer and Opinion Detection in the TREC2006 Blog Track Hui Yang Language Technologies Callan Language Technologies Inst. School of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA Mellon University for TREC 2006 Blog track. The system performed a two-stage process: passage retrieval

  13. HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kassegne, Samuel Kinde

    HINDI LANGUAGE KEYBOARD WITH VOICE SYNTHESIS FOR IPHONE (FACEBOOK AND TWITTER INTEGRATION Language Keyboard with Voice Synthesis for iPhone (Facebook and Twitter Integration) by Gaurav Kumar Master websites like Facebook and Twitter have proved to be an asset to the users for sharing their thoughts

  14. THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND Essays in Memory of Hector-Neri Casta~neda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rapaport, William J.

    0 / THOUGHT, LANGUAGE, AND ONTOLOGY: Essays in Memory of Hector-Neri Casta~neda Edited by Francesco, Language, and Ontology / Appendix D Academic Family Tree of Hector-Neri Casta~neda compiled by William J family tree", listing Hector-Neri Casta~neda's Ph.D. students, their students (i.e., Casta~neda

  15. A SAMPLER OF EVENT-RELATED BRAIN POTENTIAL (ERP) ANALYSES OF LANGUAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutas, Marta

    6 A SAMPLER OF EVENT-RELATED BRAIN POTENTIAL (ERP) ANALYSES OF LANGUAGE PROCESSING Marta Kutas1 and unavailable to conscious reflection. Electrophysiological methods ­ event- related brain potentials (ERPs these language processes as they unfold in real time. Moreover, ERPs can be utilized even when a comprehender

  16. `C and tcc: A Language and Compiler for Dynamic Code Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) language is a superset of ANSI C that supports efficient and high­level use of dynamic code generation. `C, Languages, Performance Additional Key Words and Phrases: ANSI C, compilers, dynamic code generation, dynamic, and other components of modern mobile code and other adaptive systems. `C is a superset of ANSI C

  17. An Empirical Study on Statistical Disambiguation of Japanese Dependency Structures Using a Lexically Sensitive Language Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirai, Kiyoaki

    : The language model used in a statistical parser should have probabilistically well-founded se- mantics, which simultaneously1 . In this context, we newly designed a framework of statistical language modeling taking all) and (Collins, 1997) due to the lack of modularity of statistical types. 2Although syntactic structure R

  18. Evaluating the Design of the R Language Objects and Functions For Data Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vitek, Jan

    for an imperative programming style. R targets statistical computing, thus missing value support permeates all Brandon Hill Leo Osvald Jan Vitek Purdue University Abstract. R is a dynamic language for statistical of its Big Data Appliance product.2 As programming languages go, R comes equipped with a rather unlikely

  19. Term-Specific Smoothing for the Language Modeling Approach to Information Retrieval

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiemstra, Djoerd

    and Retrieval General Terms Theory Keywords Information Retrieval, Formal Models, Language Models, Search simple web search engine examples.2 If we for instance enter the query IT magazines in GoogleTerm-Specific Smoothing for the Language Modeling Approach to Information Retrieval: The Importance

  20. Sharing of figurative language themes in expert therapy: occurrence and effect on client experiencing and therapeutic bond 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cardin, Scott Ashley

    2004-09-30

    The purpose of this study was to examine the use and effect of figurative language discourse in examples of expert therapy. More specifically, one of the main reasons for conducting this study was to describe figurative language discourse, its...

  1. Some suggestions for adapting group and pair work techniques in teaching English as a second language in Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igwilla, Juma C.

    1989-01-01

    English is regarded as a second language in Tanzania for it is the major language of law, government, education, business and industry. It is important that it is a compulsory subject in the curriculum - from primary to tertiary education level...

  2. Sociocultural connections, language learning anxiety, and communities of practice: insights and perceptions of the adult online Spanish learner 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coryell, Joellen Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    education. Three findings emerged. Given the participants’ awareness of the social nature of language and their collective appreciation that language must be practiced orally to be acquired, they took responsibility for their learning by creating their own...

  3. Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrck Graduate Summer School on the Cultural Study of the Law !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallenrode, May-Britt

    Law, Language, and Culture! 3rd International Osnabrück Graduate Summer School on the Cultural://www.blogs.uni-osnabrueck.de/lawandculture/!! The 3rd Graduate Summer School on Law, Language, and Culture aims to further promote

  4. Description of subsidiary subjects in Scandinavian Language and Literature (part 2) Framework provisions of the academic regulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bataillon, Thomas

    Description of subsidiary subjects in Scandinavian Language and Literature (part 2) Framework provisions of the academic regulations The academic regulations for the subsidiary subject in Scandinavian on 1 September 2007. The Subsidiary Subject in Scandinavian Language and Literature entitles students

  5. First language attrition and syntactic subjects : a study of Serbian, Croatian, and Bosnian intermediate and advanced speakers in Dutch 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beganovic, Jasminka

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the nature of second language induced first language attrition in the distribution and interpretation of overt and postverbal subjects in Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian (S/C/B). Data are collected ...

  6. The nature of the working memory system underlying language processing and its relationship to the long-term memory system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fedorenko, Evelina Georgievna

    2007-01-01

    This thesis examines two questions concerning the working memory system underlying language processing: (1) To what extent is the working memory system underlying language processing domain-specific? and (2) What is the ...

  7. The Official and Working Languages of the Organization - Use of German in the Food and Agricultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1967-01-01

    The Official and Working Languages of the Organization - Use of German in the Food and Agricultural Organization

  8. Bodmer, F. [1944],with Hogben, L. (Ed.). The Loom of Language. George Allen and Unwin, London, 7th impr., 1961.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Westley

    ., (Distributed Language Translation 6) Hardbound, ISBN 90-6765-422-1, $55.00, Dfl 110.-; Paperbound, ISBN 90

  9. Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pages 29, Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 12 and 13, 2011.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the notation of Language Tool. The expressive power of Language Tool's notation is analyzed and checked if Tagalog linguistic phenomena are captured or not. The system was tested using a collection of sentences, an error message is shown to the user. Currently, LanguageTool supports Belaru- sian, Catalan, Danish

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. C-25, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1976 Programming Languages-The First 25 Years

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTERS, VOL. C-25, NO. 12, DECEMBER 1976 Programming Languages-The First 25 Years PETER WEGNER Abstract-The programming language field is certainly one of the most important-M13) are largely concerned with specific programming languages of the 1950's and 1960's

  11. PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES We assume the readers of this book are familiar with material covered in a typical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Filman, Robert E.

    CHAPTER TWO PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES We assume the readers of this book are familiar with material covered in a typical undergraduate course on programming languages. Texts for such classes include Pratt, not all readers have identical backgrounds. This chapter reviews two aspects of programming languages

  12. Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Speech Language Pathology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Profile: Speech Language Pathology This program is part of the Department of Speech, Language, and HearingGenerated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program://splh.ku.edu/ipcd/ Department Faculty: Speech, Language, and Hearing Fall 2012 Total Faculty 10 Tenured and Tenure Track Faculty

  13. Automatic Learning of Subclasses of Pattern Languages John Case 1 , Sanjay Jain #,2 , Trong Dao Le 2 ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephan, Frank

    Automatic Learning of Subclasses of Pattern Languages John Case 1 , Sanjay Jain #,2 , Trong Dao Le, Republic of Singapore. fstephan@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract. Automatic classes are classes of languages way, given an index for the language. For alphabet size of at least 4, every automatic class

  14. PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosso, Paolo

    PAN@FIRE: Overview of the Cross-Language !ndian News Story Search (CL!NSS) Track Parth Gupta1 , Paul Clough2 , Paolo Rosso1 , and Mark Stevenson2 1 NLE Lab - ELiRF, Universitat Politècnica de-language India news story search (CL!NSS), focuses to address the news story linking task across languages

  15. Proceedings of the Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL, pages 105108, New York, June 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    symbols, generating utterances in natural language through a process of semantic authoring. 1 Introduction

  16. QL/G A Query Language for Geometric Data Edward P.F. Chan & Rupert Zhu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Edward P.F.

    be expressed with the language. To facilitate the evolution of applications and to tailor to individual need A geometric database management system (DBMS) is a data base system with capabilities for the representation

  17. A language measure for performance evaluation of discrete-event supervisory control systems q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    on permissiveness as the (qualitative) performance index. Construction of the proposed language measure follows similar to the conditional probability, each event is assigned a cost based on the state at which

  18. WaveScript: A Case-Study in Applying a Distributed Stream-Processing Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Ryan

    2008-01-31

    Applications that combine live data streams with embedded, parallel,and distributed processing are becoming more commonplace. WaveScriptis a domain-specific language that brings high-level, type-safe,garbage-collected ...

  19. Dismantling Bellicose Identities: Strategic Language Games in Theresa Hak Kyung Cha's DICTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joo, Hee-Jung Serenity; Lux, Christina

    2012-06-21

    ????????????? ????????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ????????????????????? ?????????????????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????? ????? ????? ?????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????? ?????????????????????????????????????? ??????? ???????????????????????????????????? ????????????????? ???? ????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????????????????????????????????????? ??????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????? ????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????? ???????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??? ??????????????????????????????? Dismantling... master?s tools will never dismantle the master?s house,? multiple languages drawn from several masters? tools may be used to dismantle ?other? masters? houses.39 Cha is not interested in beating the master at...

  20. Using Arabic (L1) in testing reading comprehension in English (L2) as a foreign language 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Qudairy, Abdullah H. A.

    2011-06-29

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using Arabic (L1) as a language of questions and answers in testing reading comprehension in English (L2), and to explore student and teacher opinions about ...