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Sample records for marlim canadian bow

  1. Brazil advances subsea technology in Marlim pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-03-29

    Petroleum Brasileiro SA has extended several water depth records for subsea technology during a pilot project in giant Marlim oil field in the Campos basin off Brazil. Petrobras finished the 10 well Marlim pilot last December. The field's pilot phase was intended to begin early production and enable Petrobras to gather more reservoir data. Ten satellite wells, including two prepilot wells, were completed during the Marlim pilot phase with guidelineless (GLL) wet christmas trees designed and fabricated by FMC Corp., Houston, and CBV Industrial Mechanic SA, Rio de Janeiro. The subsea wells are producing 52,000 b/d of oil and 21.19 MMCfd of gas in water depths of 1,847-2,562 ft. Marlim pilot well flow is routed to a permanent semisubmersible floating production system (FPS). Oil moves from the FPS to a monobuoy that offloads to a shuttle tanker. In addition to marking the first successful uses of purpose-built GLL wet trees, FMC said the Marlim pilot project allowed GLL subsea technology to evolve from conceptual status into a proven deepwater completion method. The paper describes the project.

  2. Broken Bow Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Broken Bow Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Broken Bow Wind Farm Facility Broken Bow Wind Farm Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In...

  3. Medicine Bow Wind Farm II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    II Jump to: navigation, search Name Medicine Bow Wind Farm II Facility Medicine Bow Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Platte...

  4. Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    IV Jump to: navigation, search Name Medicine Bow Wind Farm IV Facility Medicine Bow Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Platte...

  5. Medicine Bow Wind Farm III | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    III Jump to: navigation, search Name Medicine Bow Wind Farm III Facility Medicine Bow Sector Wind energy Facility Type Small Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Platte...

  6. Medicine Bow Wind Farm I | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    I Jump to: navigation, search Name Medicine Bow Wind Farm I Facility Medicine Bow Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Platte...

  7. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams (Dollars per Barrel) Year Quarter Month Algerian Saharan Blend Brazilian Marlim Canadian Bow River Heavy Canadian Light Sour Blend Canadian Lloydminster Ecuadorian Oriente Ecuadorian Napo 1983 Average .......... - - 25.62 - 25.27 28.90 - 1984 Average .......... - - 25.46 - 25.35 28.79 - 1985 Average .......... - - 25.42 - 24.38 26.97 - 1986 Average .......... - - 12.71 - 13.52 14.39 - 1987 Average .......... - - 16.49 - 15.98 17.60 -

  8. Bow Mar, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Bow Mar, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 39.628321, -105.0499841 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mappingserv...

  9. Bowing of the defect formation energy in semiconductor alloys (Journal

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Article) | DOE PAGES Bowing of the defect formation energy in semiconductor alloys « Prev Next » Title: Bowing of the defect formation energy in semiconductor alloys Authors: Ma, Jie ; Wei, Su-Huai Publication Date: 2013-06-12 OSTI Identifier: 1102844 Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Physical Review B Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1098-0121 Publisher: American Physical Society Sponsoring Org: USDOE Country of

  10. Bow Wave from Ultraintense Electromagnetic Pulses in Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esirkepov, T. Zh.; Bulanov, S. V.; Kato, Y.

    2008-12-31

    We show a new effect of the bow-wave excitation by an intense short laser pulse propagating in underdense plasma. Because of spreading of the laser pulse energy in transverse direction, the bow wave causes a large-scale transverse modulation of the electron density. This can significantly increase the electric potential of the wake wave since the wake wave is generated in the region much wider than the laser pulse waist.

  11. EVAPORATION OF ICY PLANETESIMALS DUE TO BOW SHOCKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tanaka, Kyoko K.; Yamamoto, Tetsuo; Tanaka, Hidekazu [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan)] [Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0819 (Japan); Miura, Hitoshi [Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)] [Department of Earth Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Nagasawa, Makiko; Nakamoto, Taishi [Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)] [Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo 152-8551 (Japan)

    2013-02-20

    We present the novel concept of evaporation of planetesimals as a result of bow shocks associated with planetesimals orbiting with supersonic velocities relative to the gas in a protoplanetary disk. We evaluate the evaporation rates of the planetesimals based on a simple model describing planetesimal heating and evaporation by the bow shock. We find that icy planetesimals with radius {approx}>100 km evaporate efficiently even outside the snow line in the stage of planetary oligarchic growth, where strong bow shocks are produced by gravitational perturbations from protoplanets. The obtained results suggest that the formation of gas giant planets is suppressed owing to insufficient accretion of icy planetesimals onto the protoplanet within the {approx}<5 AU disk region.

  12. EIS-0432: Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2: Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon County, WY EIS-0432: Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon County, WY Documents Available for ...

  13. US Canadian Biofuels Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canadian Biofuels Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: US Canadian Biofuels Inc. Place: Green Bay, Wisconsin Zip: 54313 Sector: Biofuels Product: US Canadian Biofuels Inc is the...

  14. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Landed costs of imported crude oil for selected crude streams dollars per barrel Year quarter month Algerian Saharan Blend Brazilian Marlim Canadian Bow River Heavy Canadian Light Sour Blend Canadian Lloydminster 1995 - - 15.77 - 15.56 1996 - - 19.18 - 18.50 1997 - - 16.46 - 15.72 1998 - - 10.41 - 10.15 1999 - - 16.02 - 16.16 2000 - - 23.96 - 23.75 2001 - - 17.93 - 17.26 2002 - - 21.23 - 20.71 2003 - - 25.10 - 24.18 2004 - - 30.88 - 30.54 2005 - - 39.22 - 37.59 2006 - - 48.38 - 46.96 2007 - -

  15. EIS-0432: Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    County, WY | Department of Energy 2: Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon County, WY EIS-0432: Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon County, WY Documents Available for Download November 27, 2009 EIS-0432: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement Federal Loan Guarantee to Support the Construction and Startup of the Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon County, Wyoming December 16, 2009

  16. QER- Comment of Canadian Gas Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    SENT ON BEHALF OF TIMOTHY M. EGAN PRESIDENT AND CEO CANADIAN GAS ASSOCIATION Dear Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force, Please find attached the submission from the Canadian Gas Association to the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) process.

  17. Canadian Solar Japan KK | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Japan KK Jump to: navigation, search Name: Canadian Solar Japan KK Place: Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan Zip: 160-0022 Sector: Solar Product: Tokyo-based subsidiary of Canadian Solar,...

  18. The existence and nature of the interstellar bow shock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ben-Jaffel, Lotfi; Strumik, M.; Ratkiewicz, R.; Grygorczuk, J.

    2013-12-20

    We report a new diagnosis of two different states of the local interstellar medium (LISM) near our solar system by using a sensitivity study constrained by several distinct and complementary observations of the LISM, solar wind, and inner heliosphere. Assuming the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) He flow parameters for the LISM, we obtain a strength of ?2.7 0.2 ?G and a direction pointing away from galactic coordinates (28, 52) 3 for the interstellar magnetic field as a result of fitting Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 in situ plasma measurements and IBEX energetic neutral atoms ribbon. When using Ulysses parameters for the LISM He flow, we recently reported the same direction but with a strength of 2.2 0.1 ?G. First, we notice that with Ulysses He flow, our solution is in the expected hydrogen deflection plane (HDP). In contrast, for the IBEX He flow, the solution is ?20 away from the corresponding HDP plane. Second, the long-term monitoring of the interplanetary H I flow speed shows a value of ?26 km s{sup 1} measured upwind from the Doppler shift in the strong Ly? sky background emission line. All elements of the diagnosis seem therefore to support Ulysses He flow parameters for the interstellar state. In that frame, we argue that reliable discrimination between superfast, subfast, or superslow states of the interstellar flow should be based on most existing in situ and remote observations used together with global modeling of the heliosphere. For commonly accepted LISM ionization rates, we show that a fast interstellar bow shock should be standing off upstream of the heliopause.

  19. Canadian Fuel Cell Commercialization Roadmap Update: Progress...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Fuel Cell Commercialization Roadmap Update: Progress of Canada's Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Industry Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Canadian Fuel Cell...

  20. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Canadian...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canadian Energy Demand June 2015 Independent Statistics & ... DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Issues ... change in household electricity consumption between 1990 ...

  1. CPR methodology with new steady-state criterion and more accurate statistical treatment of channel bow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baumgartner, S.; Bieli, R.; Bergmann, U. C.

    2012-07-01

    An overview is given of existing CPR design criteria and the methods used in BWR reload analysis to evaluate the impact of channel bow on CPR margins. Potential weaknesses in today's methodologies are discussed. Westinghouse in collaboration with KKL and Axpo - operator and owner of the Leibstadt NPP - has developed an optimized CPR methodology based on a new criterion to protect against dryout during normal operation and with a more rigorous treatment of channel bow. The new steady-state criterion is expressed in terms of an upper limit of 0.01 for the dryout failure probability per year. This is considered a meaningful and appropriate criterion that can be directly related to the probabilistic criteria set-up for the analyses of Anticipated Operation Occurrences (AOOs) and accidents. In the Monte Carlo approach a statistical modeling of channel bow and an accurate evaluation of CPR response functions allow the associated CPR penalties to be included directly in the plant SLMCPR and OLMCPR in a best-estimate manner. In this way, the treatment of channel bow is equivalent to all other uncertainties affecting CPR. Emphasis is put on quantifying the statistical distribution of channel bow throughout the core using measurement data. The optimized CPR methodology has been implemented in the Westinghouse Monte Carlo code, McSLAP. The methodology improves the quality of dryout safety assessments by supplying more valuable information and better control of conservatisms in establishing operational limits for CPR. The methodology is demonstrated with application examples from the introduction at KKL. (authors)

  2. COMMENTS OF THE CANADIAN ELECTRICITY ASSOCIATION U.S. DEPARTMENT...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    COMMENTS OF THE CANADIAN ELECTRICITY ASSOCIATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REQUEST FOR INFORMATION - NATIONAL POWER TRANSFORMER RESERVE August 24, 2015 I. Introduction The Canadian ...

  3. Measurement of bow tie profiles in CT scanners using a real-time dosimeter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiting, Bruce R.; Evans, Joshua D.; Williamson, Jeffrey F.; Dohatcu, Andreea C.; Politte, David G.

    2014-10-15

    Purpose: Several areas of computed tomography (CT) research require knowledge about the intensity profile of the x-ray fan beam that is introduced by a bow tie filter. This information is considered proprietary by CT manufacturers, so noninvasive measurement methods are required. One method using real-time dosimeters has been proposed in the literature. A commercially available dosimeter was used to apply that method, and analysis techniques were developed to extract fan beam profiles from measurements. Methods: A real-time ion chamber was placed near the periphery of an empty CT gantry and the dose rate versus time waveform was recorded as the x-ray source rotated about the isocenter. In contrast to previously proposed analysis methods that assumed a pointlike detector, the finite-size ion chamber received varying amounts of coverage by the collimated x-ray beam during rotation, precluding a simple relationship between the source intensity as a function of fan beam angle and measured intensity. A two-parameter model for measurement intensity was developed that included both effective collimation width and source-to-detector distance, which then was iteratively solved to minimize the error between duplicate measurements at corresponding fan beam angles, allowing determination of the fan beam profile from measured dose-rate waveforms. Measurements were performed on five different scanner systems while varying parameters such as collimation, kVp, and bow tie filters. On one system, direct measurements of the bow tie profile were collected for comparison with the real-time dosimeter technique. Results: The data analysis method for a finite-size detector was found to produce a fan beam profile estimate with a relative error between duplicate measurement intensities of <5%. It was robust over a wide range of collimation widths (e.g., 1–40 mm), producing fan beam profiles that agreed with a relative error of 1%–5%. Comparison with a direct measurement technique on one system produced agreement with a relative error of 2%–6%. Fan beam profiles were found to differ for different filter types on a given system and between different vendors. Conclusions: A commercially available real-time dosimeter probe was found to be a convenient and accurate instrument for measuring fan beam profiles. An analysis method was developed that could handle a wide range of collimation widths by explicitly considering the finite width of the ion chamber. Relative errors in the profiles were found to be less than 5%. Measurements of five different clinical scanners demonstrate the variation in bow tie designs, indicating that generic bow tie models will not be adequate for CT system research.

  4. Canadian Solar Inc CSI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Canadian Solar Inc (CSI) Place: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada Zip: N2K 3S2 Sector: Solar Product: Canada-incorporated, China-based manufacturer of...

  5. High-order harmonics from bow wave caustics driven by a high-intensity laser

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pirozhkov, A.S.; Kando, M.; Esirkepov, T.Zh.; and others

    2012-07-11

    We propose a new mechanism of high-order harmonic generation during an interaction of a high-intensity laser pulse with underdense plasma. A tightly focused laser pulse creates a cavity in plasma pushing electrons aside and exciting the wake wave and the bow wave. At the joint of the cavity wall and the bow wave boundary, an annular spike of electron density is formed. This spike surrounds the cavity and moves together with the laser pulse. Collective motion of electrons in the spike driven by the laser field generates high-order harmonics. A strong localization of the electron spike, its robustness to oscillations imposed by the laser field and, consequently, its ability to produce high-order harmonics is explained by catastrophe theory. The proposed mechanism explains the experimental observations of high-order harmonics with the 9 TW J-KAREN laser (JAEA, Japan) and the 120 TW Astra Gemini laser (CLF RAL, UK) [A. S. Pirozhkov, et al., arXiv:1004.4514 (2010); A. S. Pirozhkov et al, AIP Proceedings, this volume]. The theory is corroborated by high-resolution two-and three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations.

  6. Technical Note: Measurement of bow tie profiles in CT scanners using radiochromic film

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whiting, Bruce R.; Dohatcu, Andreea C.; Evans, Joshua D.; Williamson, Jeffrey F.; Politte, David G.

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To provide a noninvasive technique to measure the intensity profile of the fan beam in a computed tomography (CT) scanner that is cost effective and easily implemented without the need to access proprietary scanner information or service modes. Methods: The fabrication of an inexpensive aperture is described, which is used to expose radiochromic film in a rotating CT gantry. A series of exposures is made, each of which is digitized on a personal computer document scanner, and the resulting data set is analyzed to produce a self-consistent calibration of relative radiation exposure. The bow tie profiles were analyzed to determine the precision of the process and were compared to two other measurement techniques, direct measurements from CT gantry detectors and a dynamic dosimeter. Results: The radiochromic film method presented here can measure radiation exposures with a precision of ?6% root-mean-square relative error. The intensity profiles have a maximum 25% root-mean-square relative error compared with existing techniques. Conclusions: The proposed radiochromic film method for measuring bow tie profiles is an inexpensive (?$100 USD + film costs), noninvasive method to measure the fan beam intensity profile in CT scanners.

  7. QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Canadian Hydropower Association QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association From: Pierre Lundahl [lundap@me.com] Sent: Friday, October 10, 2014 2:13 PM To: QERcomments CC: Jacob Irving Subject: Quadrennial Energy Review Comments Attachment: page2image18720.png; ATT00001.htm; Canadian Hydropower Association QER Submission_Oct-10-2014-Final.pdf; ATT00002.htm Dear DOE, You will find attached the comments of the Canadian Hydropower Association on the Quadriennal Energy Review. Inquiries about

  8. FEASIBILITY OF WIND TO SERVE UPPER SKAGIT'S BOW HILL TRIBAL LANDS AND FEASIBILITY UPDATE FOR RESIDENTIAL RENEWABLE ENERGY.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    RICH, LAUREN

    2013-09-30

    A two year wind resource assessment was conducted to determine the feasibility of developing a community scale wind generation system for the Upper Skagit Indian Tribe�s Bow Hill land base, and the project researched residential wind resource technologies to determine the feasibility of contributing renewable wind resource to the mix of energy options for our single and multi-family residential units.

  9. QER- Comment of Canadian Electricity Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dear Ms. Pickett and/or DOE staff: Attached please find comments of the Canadian Electricity Association (CEA) on the Quadrennial Energy Review. Please confirm receipt at your convenience and please advise if you require anything further. Many thanks for this opportunity to provide comments. Best regards,

  10. 2003 survey of Canadian radiation oncology residents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yee, Don . E-mail: donyee@cancerboard.ab.ca; Fairchild, Alysa; Keyes, Mira; Butler, Jim; Dundas, George

    2005-06-01

    Purpose: Radiation oncology's popularity as a career in Canada has surged in the past 5 years. Consequently, resident numbers in Canadian radiation oncology residencies are at all-time highs. This study aimed to survey Canadian radiation oncology residents about their opinions of their specialty and training experiences. Methods and Materials: Residents of Canadian radiation oncology residencies that enroll trainees through the Canadian Resident Matching Service were identified from a national database. Residents were mailed an anonymous survey. Results: Eight of 101 (7.9%) potential respondents were foreign funded. Fifty-two of 101 (51.5%) residents responded. A strong record of graduating its residents was the most important factor residents considered when choosing programs. Satisfaction with their program was expressed by 92.3% of respondents, and 94.3% expressed satisfaction with their specialty. Respondents planning to practice in Canada totaled 80.8%, and 76.9% plan to have academic careers. Respondents identified job availability and receiving adequate teaching from preceptors during residency as their most important concerns. Conclusions: Though most respondents are satisfied with their programs and specialty, job availability and adequate teaching are concerns. In the future, limited time and resources and the continued popularity of radiation oncology as a career will magnify the challenge of training competent radiation oncologists in Canada.

  11. Canadian Council of Chief Executives | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Canadian Council of Chief Executives Canadian Council of Chief Executives September 12, 2005 - 10:18am Addthis Remarks Prepared for Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman I am pleased to participate in today's forum with such an impressive group of representatives from the Canadian business sector. My earlier career in business, and my service in two other Cabinet Agencies, have given me a special appreciation for the unique, historic relationship that has always existed between our two nations, which

  12. EIS-0432: Department of Energy Loan Guarantee for Medicine Bow Gasification and Liquefaction Coal-to-Liquids, Carbon County, Wyoming

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    DOE is assessing the potential environmental impacts for its proposed action of issuing a Federal loan guarantee to Medicine Bow Fuel & Power LLC (MBFP), a wholly-owned subsidiary of DKRW Advanced Fuels LLC. MBFP submitted an application to DOE under the Federal loan guarantee program pursuant to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 to support the construction and startup of the MBFP coal-to-liquids facility, a coal mine and associated coal handling facilities. This project is inactive.

  13. Canadian County, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in Canadian County, Oklahoma Calumet, Oklahoma El Reno, Oklahoma Geary, Oklahoma Mustang, Oklahoma Okarche, Oklahoma Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Piedmont, Oklahoma Union City,...

  14. EA-189 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc EA-189 PanCanadian Energy Services Inc ORder authorizing PanCanadian Energy Services Inc to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-189 ...

  15. Nuclear reactor removable radial shielding assembly having a self-bowing feature

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Pennell, William E. (Greensburg, PA); Kalinowski, Joseph E. (Smithton, PA); Waldby, Robert N. (New Stanton, PA); Rylatt, John A. (Monroeville, PA); Swenson, Daniel V. (Greensburg, PA)

    1978-01-01

    A removable radial shielding assembly for use in the periphery of the core of a liquid-metal-cooled fast-breeder reactor, for closing interassembly gaps in the reactor core assembly load plane prior to reactor criticality and power operation to prevent positive reactivity insertion. The assembly has a lower nozzle portion for inserting into the core support and a flexible heat-sensitive bimetallic central spine surrounded by blocks of shielding material. At refueling temperature and below the spine is relaxed and in a vertical position so that the tolerances permitted by the interassembly gaps allow removal and replacement of the various reactor core assemblies. During an increase in reactor temperature from refueling to hot standby, the bimetallic spine expands, bowing the assembly toward the core center line, exerting a radially inward gap-closing-force on the above core load plane of the reactor core assembly, closing load plane interassembly gaps throughout the core prior to startup and preventing positive reactivity insertion.

  16. RADIO SYNCHROTRON EMISSION FROM A BOW SHOCK AROUND THE GAS CLOUD G2 HEADING TOWARD THE GALACTIC CENTER

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narayan, Ramesh; Sironi, Lorenzo; Oezel, Feryal

    2012-10-01

    A dense ionized cloud of gas has been recently discovered to be moving directly toward the supermassive black hole, Sgr A*, at the Galactic center. In 2013 June, at the pericenter of its highly eccentric orbit, the cloud will be approximately 3100 Schwarzschild radii from the black hole and will move supersonically through the ambient hot gas with a velocity of v{sub p} Almost-Equal-To 5400 km s{sup -1}. A bow shock is likely to form in front of the cloud and could accelerate electrons to relativistic energies. We estimate via particle-in-cell simulations the energy distribution of the accelerated electrons and show that the non-thermal synchrotron emission from these electrons might exceed the quiescent radio emission from Sgr A* by a factor of several. The enhanced radio emission should be detectable at GHz and higher frequencies around the time of pericentric passage and in the following months. The bow shock emission is expected to be displaced from the quiescent radio emission of Sgr A* by {approx}33 mas. Interferometric observations could resolve potential changes in the radio image of Sgr A* at wavelengths {approx}< 6 cm.

  17. Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands Products: Implications for U.S. Petroleum Fuels Title Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands...

  18. Western Canadian coking coals -- Thermal rheology and coking quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leeder, W.R.; Price, J.T.; Gransden, J.F.

    1997-12-31

    Methods of predicting coke strength developed from the thermal rheological properties of Carboniferous coals frequently indicate that Cretaceous coals would not make high quality coke -- yet both types of coals produce coke suitable for the iron blast furnace. This paper will discuss the reasons why Western Canadian coals exhibit lower rheological values and how to predict the strength of coke produced from them.

  19. Canadian incentives for oil and gas exploration. [Applicability to USA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-04-01

    During the 1970s a number of different exploration and production incentive programs were put in place in Canada, in particular in the Province of Alberta, Canada's principal oil- and gas-producing province. The DOE/RA is evaluating Canadian incentives for oil and gas exploration, and this study is intended to provide information that will help guide DOE/RA in determining the applicability of Canadian incentive programs in US energy policy. The study describes and documents the fiscal structure in which the Canadian oil industry operates. The incentive features of pricing policy, taxation policy, and provincial royalty systems are discussed. A principal focus of the study is on one of the most important of Canada's specific incentive programs, the Alberta Exploratory Drilling Incentive Credit Program (EDICP). The study describes and evaluates the effect of the EDICP on increased oil and gas exploration activity. Similarly, the study also reviews and evaluates other specific incentive programs such as the Alberta Geophysical Incentive Program, Frontier Exploration Allowances, and various tar sand and heavy oil development incentives. Finally the study evaluates the applicability of Canadian incentives to US energy policy.

  20. Policy Analysis of the Canadian Oil Sands Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2013-09-01

    For those who support U.S. oil sands development, the Canadian oil sands industry is often identified as a model the U.S. might emulate, yielding financial and energy security benefits. For opponents of domestic oil sands development, the Canadian oil sands experience illustrates the risks that opponents of development believe should deter domestic policymakers from incenting U.S. oil sands development. This report does not seek to evaluate the particular underpinnings of either side of this policy argument, but rather attempts to delve into the question of whether the Canadian experience has relevance as a foundational model for U.S. oil sands development. More specifically, this report seeks to assess whether and how the Canadian oil sands experience might be predictive or instructive in the context of fashioning a framework for a U.S. oil sands industry. In evaluating the implications of these underpinnings for a prospective U.S. oil sands industry, this report concentrates on prospective development of the oil sands deposits found in Utah.

  1. Availability of Canadian imports to meet U.S. demand for ethane, propane and butane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawkins, D.J.

    1996-12-31

    Historically, Canada has had a surplus of ethane, propane and butane. Almost all of the available propane and butane in Canadian natural gas streams is recovered. While there is significant ethane recovery in Canada, ethane that cannot be economically sold is left in the gas streams. All of the surplus Canadian ethane and most of the Canadian surplus propane and butane is exported to the US. Some volumes of Canadian propane and butane have been moved offshore by marine exports to the Asia-Pacific region or South America, or directly to Mexico by rail. Essentially all of the Canadian ethane, 86% of the propane and 74% of the butane are recovered by gas processing. Canadian natural gas production has increased significantly over the last 10 years. Canadian gas resources in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin should permit further expansion of gas exports, and several gas pipeline projects are pending to expand the markets for Canadian gas in the US. The prospective increase in Canadian gas production will yield higher volumes of ethane, propane and butane. While there is a potential to expand domestic markets for ethane, propane and butane, a significant part of the incremental production will move to export markets. This paper provides a forecast of the expected level of ethane, propane and butane exports from Canada and discusses the supply, demand and logistical developments which may affect export availability from Canada.

  2. QER- Comment of Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Dear Sir/Madam, The Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (CHFCA) was pleased to participate in the September 18, 2014 special dialogue on the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) that was held in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. At this time, we understand the QER is seeking to provide a multiyear roadmap that focuses on energy infrastructure with specific attention on the transmission, storage and distribution (TS&D) systems that make up North America’s oil, gas and electricity infrastructure.

  3. An economical and market analysis of Canadian wood pellets.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peng, J. [University of British Columbia, Vancouver

    2010-08-01

    This study systematically examined the current and future wood pellet market, estimated the cost of Canadian torrefied pellets, and compared the torrefied pellets with the conventional pellets based on literature and industrial data. The results showed that the wood pellet industry has been gaining significant momentum due to the European bioenergy incentives and the rising oil and natural gas prices. With the new bioenergy incentives in USA, the future pellets market may shift to North America, and Canada can potentially become the largest pellet production centre, supported by the abundant wood residues and mountain pine beetle (MPB) infested trees.

  4. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Canadian Energy Demand

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01

    The residential sector is one of the main end-use sectors in Canada accounting for 16.7% of total end-use site energy consumption in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012. pp, 4-5). In this year, the residential sector accounted for 54.5% of buildings total site energy consumption. Between 1990 and 2009, Canadian household energy consumption grew by less than 11%. Nonetheless, households contributed to 14.6% of total energy-related greenhouse gas emissions in Canada in 2009 (computed from NRCan 2012). This is the U.S. Energy Information Administrations second study to help provide a better understanding of the factors impacting residential energy consumption and intensity in North America (mainly the United States and Canada) by using similar methodology for analyses in both countries.

  5. BETO-Funded Study Finds Increased Carbon Intensity from Canadian Oil Sands

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A recently released study from Argonne National Laboratory shows that gasoline and diesel refined from Canadian oil sands have a higher carbon impact than fuels derived from conventional domestic crude sources.

  6. Analysis of clear hour solar irradiation for seven Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, J.; Sahami, K.

    1995-12-31

    Hourly global and diffuse irradiation and corresponding surface meteorological data have been analyzed for the seven Canadian stations at Edmonton, Goose Bay, Montreal, Port Hardy, Resolute, Toronto, and Winnipeg. The variation of the most probable clear hour values of clearness index k{sub t}, diffuse index k{sub d}, direct beam index k{sub b}, and Angstrom turbidity coefficient {beta} with solar elevation, atmospheric precipitable water, and snow depth are obtained. Values of these quantities are presented which are consistent with the attenuation and scattering of solar radiation by the atmosphere which is expected. The most probable values of {beta} tend to be lower than the average values of {beta} recently reported by Gueymard. The data indicate a drift in the calibration of the instruments used for measurements of the irradiation data for the stations at Goose Bay and Resolute. The data for the other five stations indicate that the instrument calibration is maintained over the years of the data. 4 refs., 8 figs., 5 tabs.

  7. Drill-hole data, drill-site geology, and geochemical data from the study of Precambrian uraniferous conglomerates of the Medicine Bow Mountains and Sierra Madre of southeastern Wyoming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karlstrom, K.E.; Houston, R.S.; Schmidt, T.G.; Inlow, D.; Flurkey, A.J.; Kratochvil, A.L.; Coolidge, C.M.; Sever, C.K.; Quimby, W.F.

    1981-02-01

    This volume is presented as a companion to Volume 1: The Geology and Uranium Potential of Precambrian Conglomerates in the Medicine Bow Mountains and Sierra Madre of Southeastern Wyoming; and to Volume 3: Uranium Assessment for Precambrian Pebble Conglomerates in Southeastern Wyoming. Volume 1 summarized the geologic setting and geologic and geochemical characteristics of uranium-bearing conglomerates in Precambrian metasedimentary rocks of southeastern Wyoming. Volume 3 is a geostatistical resource estimate of U and Th in quartz-pebble conglomerates. This volume contains supporting geochemical data, lithologic logs from 48 drill holes in Precambrian rocks of the Medicine Bow Mountains and Sierra Madre, and drill site geologic maps and cross-sections from most of the holes.

  8. Canadian House Dust Study: Lead Bioaccessibility and Speciation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P Rasmussen; S Beauchemin; M Chenier; C Levesque; L MacLean; L Marrow; H Jones-Otazo; S Petrovic; L McDonald; H Gardner

    2011-12-31

    Vacuum samples were collected from 1025 randomly selected urban Canadian homes to investigate bioaccessible Pb (Pb{sub S}) concentrations in settled house dust. Results indicate a polymodal frequency distribution, consisting of three lognormally distributed subpopulations defined as 'urban background' (geomean 58 {micro}g g{sup -1}), 'elevated' (geomean 447 {micro}g g{sup -1}), and 'anomalous' (geomean 1730 {micro}g g{sup -1}). Dust Pb{sub S} concentrations in 924 homes (90%) fall into the 'urban background' category. The elevated and anomalous subpopulations predominantly consist of older homes located in central core areas of cities. The influence of house age is evidenced by a moderate correlation between house age and dust Pb{sub S} content (R{sup 2} = 0.34; n = 1025; p < 0.01), but it is notable that more than 10% of homes in the elevated/anomalous category were built after 1980. Conversely, the benefit of home remediation is evidenced by the large number of homes (33%) in the background category that were built before 1960. The dominant dust Pb species determined using X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy were as follows: Pb carbonate, Pb hydroxyl carbonate, Pb sulfate, Pb chromate, Pb oxide, Pb citrate, Pb metal, Pb adsorbed to Fe- and Al-oxyhydroxides, and Pb adsorbed to humate. Pb bioaccessibility estimated from solid phase speciation predicts Pb bioaccessibility measured using a simulated gastric extraction (R{sup 2} = 0.85; n = 12; p < 0.0001). The trend toward increased Pb bioaccessibility in the elevated and anomalous subpopulations (75% {+-} 18% and 81% {+-} 8%, respectively) compared to background (63% {+-} 18%) is explained by the higher proportion of bioaccessible compounds used as pigments in older paints (Pb carbonate and Pb hydroxyl carbonate). This population-based study provides a nationally representative urban baseline for applications in human health risk assessment and risk management.

  9. Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands Products:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Implications for U.S. Petroleum Fuels | Argonne National Laboratory Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands Products: Implications for U.S. Petroleum Fuels Title Well-to-Wheels Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Canadian Oil Sands Products: Implications for U.S. Petroleum Fuels Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2015 Authors Cai, H, Brandt, AR, Yeh, S, Englander, JG, Han, J, Elgowainy, A, M.Q., W Journal Environmental Science & Technology Volume 49 Start

  10. EM Hosts Successful Visit from Canadian Nuclear Laboratories at Hanford Site

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. – EM’s Office of D&D and Facility Engineering (D&D/FE) hosted decommissioning professionals from Canadian Nuclear Laboratories (CNL) — Canada's premier nuclear technology and engineering organization — for two days at EM’s Hanford site in November this year. CNL was formerly known as Atomic Energy Canada Ltd.

  11. Holding Mother Earth Sacred: Photo Journal Through an American Indian and Canadian Aboriginal Cultural Lens

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    HOLDING MOTHER EARTH SACRED Developing Energy Resources * Creating Sustainable Jobs * Honoring Indigenous Beliefs A Photo Journal Through an American Indian and Canadian Aboriginal Cultural Lens Vision Intention / Intersecting Points of Focus * To highlight the important role Native American and Aboriginal workers have in conventional energy production, sustainable energy development and green job creation on tribal lands in the US and Canada * To raise awareness about OH & S and

  12. NEPA analysis of US-Canadian power transactions under the Columbia River Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pierce, K.S.; Weintraub, N.H.; Linehan, A.O.

    1995-12-01

    The Columbia River Treaty of 1961 led to the development of three hydroelectric projects on the Columbia River in Canada and one in the United States. Canada sold its share of the downstream power generation benefits of these facilities to US utilities for 30 years. The administrator of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) of the US Department of Energy is the {open_quotes}United States Entity{close_quotes} under the Columbia River Treaty with Canada. BPA prepared the {open_quotes}Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement{close_quotes} Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) to evaluate alternative means for the US to return to Canada the Canadian share of the downstream benefits when these 30-year agreements expire. Alternatives on both sides of the US-Canada border included new high-voltage transmission lines; new generating and conservation resources; and power sales, exchanges, and other transactions. BPA developed an EIS methodology and graphical representation technique for comparing the diverse options associated with the Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement that were instrumental in helping managers understand the impacts of alternatives in a timely manner. A graphical, modular approach helped convey complex relationships in ways that were easy to read and understand. In addition, analysis of potential environmental impacts in Canada was developed in order to provide relevant information to US decision-makers, without compromising the Canadian environmental review process. As a result, environmental analysis was fully integrated into the decision process. The EIS approach used in this project has become a prototype for other Department of Energy NEPA documents, both site-specific and programmatic.

  13. Delayed Workforce Entry and High Emigration Rates for Recent Canadian Radiation Oncology Graduates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loewen, Shaun K.; Halperin, Ross; Lefresne, Shilo; Trotter, Theresa; Stuckless, Teri; Brundage, Michael

    2015-10-01

    Purpose: To determine the employment status and location of recent Canadian radiation oncology (RO) graduates and to identify current workforce entry trends. Methods and Materials: A fill-in-the-blank spreadsheet was distributed to all RO program directors in December 2013 and June 2014, requesting the employment status and location of their graduates over the last 3 years. Visa trainee graduates were excluded. Results: Response rate from program directors was 100% for both survey administrations. Of 101 graduates identified, 99 (98%) had known employment status and location. In the December survey, 5 2013 graduates (16%), 17 2012 graduates (59%), and 18 2011 graduates (75%) had permanent staff employment. Six months later, 5 2014 graduates (29%), 15 2013 graduates (48%), 24 2012 graduates (83%), and 21 2011 graduates (88%) had secured staff positions. Fellowships and temporary locums were common for those without staff employment. The proportion of graduates with staff positions abroad increased from 22% to 26% 6 months later. Conclusions: Workforce entry for most RO graduates was delayed but showed steady improvement with longer time after graduation. High emigration rates for jobs abroad signify domestic employment challenges for newly certified, Canadian-trained radiation oncologists. Coordination on a national level is required to address and regulate radiation oncologist supply and demand disequilibrium in Canada.

  14. Evolution of the core physics concept for the Canadian supercritical water reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pencer, J.; Colton, A.; Wang, X.; Gaudet, M.; Hamilton, H.; Yetisir, M.

    2013-07-01

    The supercritical water cooled reactor (SCWR) is one of the advanced reactor concepts chosen by the GEN-IV International Forum (GIF) for research and development efforts. Canada's contribution is the Canadian SCWR, a heavy water moderated, pressure tube supercritical light water cooled reactor. Recent developments in the SCWR lattice and core concepts, primarily the introduction of a large central flow tube filled with coolant combined with a two-ring fuel assembly, have enabled significant improvements compared to earlier concepts. These improvements include a reduction in coolant void reactivity (CVR) by more than 10 mk, and an almost 40% increase in fuel exit burnup, which is achieved via balanced power distribution between the fuel pins in the fuel assembly. In this paper the evolution of the physics concept is reviewed, and the present lattice and core physics concepts are presented.

  15. "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System" Study Now Available

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released a study entitled "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)”. Funded by OE, this study documents a development effort that created a robust representation of the combined capacity expansion of the U.S. and Canadian electric sectors in the NREL Regional Energy Deployment System model.

  16. Limitations Influencing Interventional Radiology in Canada: Results of a National Survey by the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Brien, Jeremy; Baerlocher, Mark Otto Asch, Murray R.; Hayeems, Eran; Kachura, John R.; Collingwood, Peter

    2007-09-15

    Purpose. To describe the current state and limitations to interventional radiology (IR) in Canada through a large, national survey of Canadian interventional radiologists. Methods. An anonymous online survey was offered to members of the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA). Only staff radiologists were invited to participate. Results. Seventy-five (75) responses were received from a total of 247, giving a response rate of 30%. Respondents were split approximately equally between academic centers (47%) and community practice (53%), and the majority of interventional radiologists worked in hospitals with either 200-500 (49%) or 500-1,000 (39%) beds. Procedures listed by respondents as most commonly performed in their practice included PICC line insertion (83%), angiography and stenting (65%), and percutaneous biopsy (37%). Procedures listed as not currently performed but which interventional radiologists believed would benefit their patient population included radiofrequency ablation (36%), carotid stenting (34%), and aortic stenting (21%); the majority of respondents noted that a lack of support from referring services was the main reason for not performing these procedures (56%). Impediments to increasing scope and volume of practice in Canadian IR were most commonly related to room or equipment shortage (35%), radiologist shortage (33%), and a lack of funding or administrative support (28%). Conclusion. Interventional radiology in Canada is limited by a number of factors including funding, manpower, and referral support. A concerted effort should be undertaken by individual interventional radiologists and IR organizations to increase training capacity, funding, remuneration, and public exposure to IR in order to help advance the subspecialty.

  17. Inventory of current environmental monitoring projects in the US-Canadian transboundary region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glantz, C.S.; Ballinger, M.Y.; Chapman, E.G.

    1986-05-01

    This document presents the results of a study commissioned to survey and summarize major environmental monitoring projects in the US-Canadian transboundary region. Projects with field sites located within 400 km (250 mi) of the border and active after 1980 were reviewed. The types of projects included: ambient air-quality monitoring, ambient water-quality monitoring, deposition monitoring, forest/vegetation monitoring and research, soil studies, and ecosystem studies. Ecosystem studies included projects involving the measurement of parameters from more than one monitoring category (e.g., studies that measured both water and soil chemistry). Individual descriptions were formulated for 184 projects meeting the spatial and temporal criteria. Descriptions included the official title for the project, its common abbreviation, program emphasis, monitoring site locations, time period conducted, parameters measured, protocols employed, frequency of sample collection, data storage information, and the principal contact for the project. A summary inventory subdivided according to the six monitoring categories was prepared using a computerized data management system. Information on major centralized data bases in the field of environmental monitoring was also obtained, and summary descriptions were prepared. The inventory and data base descriptions are presented in appendices to this document.

  18. F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Angolan Cabinda 1978-2008 Canadian Bow River 1978-2008 Canadian Light Sour Blend 74.59 93.75 83.54 87.67 81.71 2010-2014 Canadian...

  19. Air pollution and childhood respiratory health: Exposure to sulfate and ozone in 10 Canadian Rural Communities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stern, B.R.; Raizenne, M.E.; Burnett, R.T.; Jones, L.; Kearney, J.; Franklin, C.A. )

    1994-08-01

    This study was designed to examine differences in the respiratory health status of preadolescent school children, aged 7-11 years, who resided in 10 rural Canadian communities in areas of moderate and low exposure to regional sulfate and ozone pollution. Five of the communities were located in central Saskatchewan, a low-exposure region, and five were located in southwestern Ontario, an area with moderately elevated exposures resulting from long-range atmospheric transport of polluted air masses. In this cross-sectional study, the child's respiratory symptoms and illness history were evaluated using a parent-completed questionnaire, administered in September 1985. Respiratory function was assessed once for each child in the schools between October 1985 and March 1986, by the measurement of pulmonary function for forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV[sub 1.0]), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), mean forced expiratory flow rate during the middle half of the FVC curve (FEF[sub 25-75]), and maximal expiratory flow at 50% of the expired vital capacity (V[sub 50]max). After controlling for the effects of age, sex, parental smoking, parental education and gas cooking, no significant regional differences were observed in rates of chronic cough or phlegm, persistent wheeze, current asthma, bronchitis in the past year, or any chest illness that kept the child at home for 3 or more consecutive days during the previous year. Children living in southwestern Ontario had statistically significant (P < 0.01) mean decrements of 1.7% in FVC and 1.3% in FEV[sub 1.0] compared with Saskatchewan children, after adjusting for age, sex, weight, standing height, parental smoking, and gas cooking. There were no statistically significant regional differences in the pulmonary flow parameters (P > 0.05). 54 refs., 1 fig., 7 tabs.

  20. Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power Sectors with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zinaman, Owen; Ibanez, Eduardo; Heimiller, Donna; Eurek, Kelly; Mai, Trieu

    2015-07-02

    This document describes the development effort for creating a robust representation of the combined capacity expansion of the U.S. and Canadian electric sectors within the NREL ReEDS model. Thereafter, it demonstrates the newly established capability through an illustrative sensitivity analysis. In conducting the sensitivity analysis, we describe the value of an integrated modeling approach.

  1. User's guide to a data base of current environmental monitoring projects in the US-Canadian transboundary region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballinger, M.Y.; Defferding, J.; Chapman, E.G.; Bettinson, M.D.; Glantz, C.S.

    1987-11-01

    This document describes how to use a data base of current transboundary region environmental monitoring projects. The data base was prepared from data provided by Glantz et al. (1986) and Concord Scientific Corporation (1985), and contains information on 226 projects with monitoring stations located within 400 km (250 mi) of the US-Canadian border. The data base is designed for use with the dBASE III PLUS data management systems on IBM-compatible personal computers. Data-base searches are best accomplished using an accompanying command file called RETRIEVE or the dBASE command LIST. The user must carefully select the substrings on which the search is to be based. Example search requests and subsequent output are presented to illustrate substring selections and applications of the data base. 4 refs., 15 figs., 4 tabs.

  2. Lead Speciation in House Dust from Canadian Urban Homes Using EXAFS Micro-XRF and Micro-XRD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    L MacLean; S Beauchemin; P Rasmussen

    2011-12-31

    X-ray absorption fine-structure (XAFS) spectroscopy, micro-X-ray fluorescence ({mu}XRF), and micro-X-ray diffraction ({mu}XRD) were used to determine the speciation of Pb in house dust samples from four Canadian urban homes having elevated Pb concentrations (>1000 mg Pb kg{sup -1}). Linear combination fitting of the XAFS data, supported by {mu}XRF and {mu}XRD, shows that Pb is complexed in a variety of molecular environments, associated with both the inorganic and organic fractions of the dust samples. The inorganic species of lead identified were as follows: Pb metal, Pb carbonate, Pb hydroxyl carbonate, Pb oxide, and Pb adsorbed to iron oxyhydroxides. Pb carbonate and/or Pb hydroxyl carbonate occurred in all four dust samples and accounted for 28 to 75% of total Pb. Pb citrate and Pb bound to humate were the organic species identified. The results of this study demonstrate the ability of XAFS to identify Pb speciation in house dust and show the potential to identify Pb sources from new homes versus older homes. Understanding Pb speciation and how it influences bioaccessibility is important for human health risk assessment and risk management decisions which aim to improve indoor environmental health.

  3. Composition of carbonaceous smoke particles from prescribed burning of a Canadian boreal forest: 1. Organic aerosol characterization by gas chromatography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mazurek, M.A.; Laterza, C.; Newman, L.; Daum, P.; Cofer, W.R. III; Levine, J.S.; Winstead, E.L.

    1995-06-01

    In this study we examine the molecular organic constituents (C8 to C40 lipid compounds) collected as smoke particles from a Canadian boreal forest prescribed burn. Of special interest are (1) the molecular identity of polar organic aerosols, and (2) the amount of polar organic matter relative to the total mass of aerosol particulate carbon. Organic extracts of smoke aerosol particles show complex distributions of the lipid compounds when analyzed by capillary gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The molecular constituents present as smoke aerosol are grouped into non-polar (hydrocarbons) and polar {minus}2 oxygen atoms) subtractions. The dominant chemical species found in the boreal forest smoke aerosol are unaltered resin compounds (C20 terpenes) which are abundant in unburned conifer wood, plus thermally altered wood lignins and other polar aromatic hydrocarbons. Our results show that smoke aerosols contain molecular tracers which are related to the biofuel consumed. These smoke tracers can be related structurally back to the consumed softwood and hardwood vegetation. In addition, combustion of boreal forest materials produces smoke aerosol particles that are both oxygen-rich and chemically complex, yielding a carbonaceous aerosol matrix that is enriched in polar substances. As a consequence, emissions of carbonaceous smoke particles from large-scale combustion of boreal forest land may have a disproportionate effect on regional atmospheric chemistry and on cloud microphysical processes.

  4. thz surface waves on graphene bow tie antennas. (Conference)...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Authors: Brener, Igal ; Pan, Wei ; Mitrofanov, Oleg ; Wenlong Yu, Yuxuan Jiang, Claire Berger, Walter A. de Heer, Zhigang Jiang3 Publication Date: 2014-12-01 OSTI Identifier: ...

  5. Poster Thur Eve 24: Commissioning and preliminary measurements using an Attix-style free air ionization chamber for air kerma measurements on the BioMedical Imaging and Therapy beamlines at the Canadian Light Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, D; McEwen, M; Shen, H; Siegbahn, EA; Fallone, BG; Warkentin, B

    2014-08-15

    Synchrotron facilities, including the Canadian Light Source (CLS), provide opportunities for the development of novel imaging and therapy applications. A vital step progressing these applications toward clinical trials is the availability of accurate dosimetry. In this study, a refurbished Attix-style (cylindrical) free air chamber (FAC) is tested and used for preliminary air kerma measurements on the two BioMedical Imaging and Therapy (BMIT) beamlines at the CLS. The FAC consists of a telescoping chamber that relies on a difference measurement of collected charge in expanded and collapsed configurations. At the National Research Council's X-ray facility, a Victoreen Model 480 FAC was benchmarked against two primary standard FACs. The results indicated an absolute accuracy at the 0.5% level for energies between 60 and 150 kVp. A series of measurements were conducted on the small, non-uniform X-ray beams of the 05B1-1 (?8 100 keV) and 05ID-2 (?20 200 keV) beamlines for a variety of energies, filtrations and beam sizes. For the 05B1-1 beam with 1.1 mm of Cu filtration, recombination corrections of less than 5 % could only be achieved for field sizes no greater than 0.5 mm 0.6 mm (corresponding to an air kerma rate of ? 57 Gy/min). Ionic recombination thus presents a significant challenge to obtaining accurate air kerma rate measurements using this FAC in these high intensity beams. Future work includes measurements using a smaller aperture to sample a smaller and thus more uniform beam area, as well as experimental and Monte Carlo-based investigation of correction factors.

  6. WARM BREEZE FROM THE STARBOARD BOW: A NEW POPULATION OF NEUTRAL HELIUM IN THE HELIOSPHERE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kubiak, M. A.; Bzowski, M.; Sok?, J. M.; Swaczyna, P.; Grzedzielski, S.; Alexashov, D. B.; Izmodenov, V. V.; Mbius, E.; Leonard, T.; Fuselier, S. A.; McComas, D. J.; Wurz, P.

    2014-08-01

    We investigate the signals from neutral helium atoms observed in situ from Earth orbit in 2010 by the Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX). The full helium signal observed during the 2010 observation season can be explained as a superposition of pristine neutral interstellar He gas and an additional population of neutral helium that we call the Warm Breeze. The Warm Breeze is approximately 2 times slower and 2.5 times warmer than the primary interstellar He population, and its density in front of the heliosphere is ?7% that of the neutral interstellar helium. The inflow direction of the Warm Breeze differs by ?19 from the inflow direction of interstellar gas. The Warm Breeze seems to be a long-term, perhaps permanent feature of the heliospheric environment. It has not been detected earlier because it is strongly ionized inside the heliosphere. This effect brings it below the threshold of detection via pickup ion and heliospheric backscatter glow observations, as well as by the direct sampling of GAS/Ulysses. We discuss possible sources for the Warm Breeze, including (1) the secondary population of interstellar helium, created via charge exchange and perhaps elastic scattering of neutral interstellar He atoms on interstellar He{sup +} ions in the outer heliosheath, or (2) a gust of interstellar He originating from a hypothetic wave train in the Local Interstellar Cloud. A secondary population is expected from models, but the characteristics of the Warm Breeze do not fully conform to modeling results. If, nevertheless, this is the explanation, IBEX-Lo observations of the Warm Breeze provide key insights into the physical state of plasma in the outer heliosheath. If the second hypothesis is true, the source is likely to be located within a few thousand AU from the Sun, which is the propagation range of possible gusts of interstellar neutral helium with the Warm Breeze characteristics against dissipation via elastic scattering in the Local Cloud. Whatever the nature of the Warm Breeze, its discovery exposes a critical new feature of our heliospheric environment.

  7. Microsoft Word - Canadian Hydropower Association QER Submission...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United S tates D epartment o f E nergy - Q uadrennial E nergy R eview Comments o f t he C ... f E nergy u nder t he Q uadrennial E nergy R eview a nd t o d escribe h ow C anadian h ...

  8. EIS-0197: Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This environmental impact statement was prepared to aid the decisionmaking process the United States must make on how best to meet the United States' Treaty obligations to deliver Canada's share of the downstream power benefits.

  9. DOE's Carbon Sequestration Partnership Program Adds Canadian...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... In addition to the two expanded partnerships, the national network includes: Big Sky Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership, led by Montana State University; Midwest Geological ...

  10. Canadian Hills (Repower) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Energy Purchaser Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority SWEPCO Location Calumet OK Coordinates 35.66212553, -98.12820911 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  11. Canadian Hills (Mitsubishi) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Energy Energy Purchaser Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority SWEPCO Location Calumet OK Coordinates 35.69756036, -98.20438385 Show Map Loading map... "minzoom":false,"mapp...

  12. Landed Costs of Imported Crude for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 View History Algerian Saharan Blend 65.95 81.78 115.82 114.02 113.45 2009-2013 Angolan Cabinda 1978-2008 Brazilian Marlim 58.94 76.63 107.13 114.32...

  13. BETO-Funded Study Finds Increased Carbon Intensity from Canadian...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Related Articles BETO-Funded Invention Wins R&D 100 Award Agave sisilana growing in East Africa. Image courtesy of Jeff Cameron. Report Explains How Bioenergy Supports Global ...

  14. Canadian Photonics Fabrication Center CPFC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    centre offering commercial grade foundry, design, test, and fabrication services in III-V semiconductor and silicon based materials. Coordinates: 45.4215, -75.691894 Show Map...

  15. Canadian Valley Elec Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    anadianValleyElectric Outage Hotline: (855)875-7166 Outage Map: ebill.canadianvalley.orgomso References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

  16. A study of algal biomass potential in selected Canadian regions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Passell, Howard David; Roach, Jesse Dillon; Klise, Geoffrey T.

    2011-11-01

    A dynamic assessment model has been developed for evaluating the potential algal biomass and extracted biocrude productivity and costs, using nutrient and water resources available from waste streams in four regions of Canada (western British Columbia, Alberta oil fields, southern Ontario, and Nova Scotia). The purpose of this model is to help identify optimal locations in Canada for algae cultivation and biofuel production. The model uses spatially referenced data across the four regions for nitrogen and phosphorous loads in municipal wastewaters, and CO{sub 2} in exhaust streams from a variety of large industrial sources. Other data inputs include land cover, and solar insolation. Model users can develop estimates of resource potential by manipulating model assumptions in a graphic user interface, and updated results are viewed in real time. Resource potential by location can be viewed in terms of biomass production potential, potential CO{sub 2} fixed, biocrude production potential, and area required. The cost of producing algal biomass can be estimated using an approximation of the distance to move CO{sub 2} and water to the desired land parcel and an estimation of capital and operating costs for a theoretical open pond facility. Preliminary results suggest that in most cases, the CO{sub 2} resource is plentiful compared to other necessary nutrients (especially nitrogen), and that siting and prospects for successful large-scale algae cultivation efforts in Canada will be driven by availability of those other nutrients and the efficiency with which they can be used and re-used. Cost curves based on optimal possible siting of an open pond system are shown. The cost of energy for maintaining optimal growth temperatures is not considered in this effort, and additional research in this area, which has not been well studied at these latitudes, will be important in refining the costs of algal biomass production. The model will be used by NRC-IMB Canada to identify promising locations for both demonstration and pilot-scale algal cultivation projects, including the production potential of using wastewater, and potential land use considerations.

  17. Canadian National Energy Use Database: Statistics and Analysis...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Occidental, Inuktitut, Inupiaq, Iranian languages, Irish, Iroquoian languages, Italian, Japanese, Javanese, Judeo-Arabic, Judeo-Persian, Kabardian, Kabyle, Kachin; Jingpho,...

  18. Argonne analysis shows increased carbon intensity from Canadian...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Greg Cunningham at (630) 252-8232 or media@anl.gov. Connect Find an Argonne expert by subject. Follow Argonne on Twitter, Facebook, Google+ and LinkedIn. For inquiries on...

  19. Canadian Wind Energy Atlas Potential Website | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    URI: cleanenergysolutions.orgcontentcanadian-wind-energy-atlas-potential- Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance...

  20. Visible-light absorption and large band-gap bowing of GaN1-xSbx from first principles

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sheetz, R. Michael; Richter, Ernst; Andriotis, Antonis N.; Lisenkov, Sergey; Pendyala, Chandrashekhar; Sunkara, Mahendra K.; Menon, Madhu

    2011-08-01

    Applicability of the Ga(Sbx)N1-x alloys for practical realization of photoelectrochemical water splitting is investigated using first-principles density functional theory incorporating the local density approximation and generalized gradient approximation plus the Hubbard U parameter formalism. Our calculations reveal that a relatively small concentration of Sb impurities is sufficient to achieve a significant narrowing of the band gap, enabling absorption of visible light. Theoretical results predict that Ga(Sbx)N1-x alloys with 2-eV band gaps straddle the potential window at moderate to low pH values, thus indicating that dilute Ga(Sbx)N1-x alloys could be potential candidates for splitting water under visible light irradiation.

  1. Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement : Final Environmental Impact Statement : Record of Decision, Summary..

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1996-01-01

    The US Entity (the Administrator of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and the Division Engineer, North Pacific Division of the US Army Corps of Engineers) has decided to fulfill its obligation under the Columbia River Treaty (Treaty) between the US and Canada by delivering Canada`s Entitlement under the Treaty to a point on the US/Canada border near Oliver, British Columbia (BC). Delivering the Entitlement at that location will require BPA to construct and operate a new single-circuit 500-kV transmission line from Grand Coulee or Chief Joseph Substation to the US/Canada border, a distance of 135 to 155 kilometers (85 to 95 miles), depending on the alignment selected. This paper describes the decision process and its environmental impacts.

  2. "Modeling the Integrated Expansion of the Canadian and U.S. Power...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    existing fleet specifications (including expected retirements and new builds), renewable energy cost and performance projections and resource characterizations, and existing...

  3. Critical analysis of atmospheric turbidity and precipitable water at five Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrison, J.; Gueymard, C.

    1997-12-31

    Global and diffuse radiation and surface meteorological measurements at Edmonton, Montreal, Port Hardy, Toronto and Winnipeg for the years 1977--1984 are analyzed to yield estimates of atmospheric precipitable water and turbidity. Three methods of estimating the precipitable water and two methods of estimating the turbidity are used and compared. Measurements of pyranometer response as a function of zenith angle are used to correct the global radiation measurements. Turbidity is corrected for the effect of circumsolar radiation included in the direct radiation obtained from the global and diffuse radiation measurements. A comparison with earlier precipitable water and turbidity results is included.

  4. Microsoft Word - Canadian Hydropower Association QER Submission_Oct-10-2014-Final R.docx

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    United S tates D epartment o f E nergy - Q uadrennial E nergy R eview Comments o f t he C anadian H ydropower A ssociation October 1 0, 2 014 The C anadian H ydropower A ssociation ( CHA) a ppreciates t he o pportunity t o p rovide c omments t o t he Department o f E nergy u nder t he Q uadrennial E nergy R eview a nd t o d escribe h ow C anadian h ydropower can c ontribute t o i mproving t he p erformance o f t he N orth A merican e lectricity s ystem, i ncluding i ts transmission, s torage a

  5. ARM - Datastreams - nav

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    latitude degreeN lat ( time ) East longitude degreeE lon ( time ) Surface condition Pitch: bow up positive degrees pitch ( time ) Pitch angular rate, bow up positive degreesec...

  6. ARM - Datastreams - rp

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : RP Roll (rotation around the bow-to-stern axis) and Pitch (vertical motion of the bow) for a boat or ship afloat Active Dates 2012.11.02 -...

  7. An evaluation of the effect of volcanic eruption on the solar radiation at Australian and Canadian stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yatko, B.R.; Garrison, J.D.

    1996-11-01

    Peak (most probable) and average values of {angstrom}`s turbidity coefficient {beta} and peak (most probable) and average values of the diffuse index k{sub d} are obtained from the solar radiation data from 21 stations in Australia and 5 stations in Canada. These data exhibit clear increases in their values when the volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere increase following volcanic eruptions of sufficient magnitude. The effect of the eruptions of Fuego (1974), El Chichon (1982) and Pinatubo (1991) are seen most clearly in the data. The effect of lesser eruptions is also seen. The store of volcanic aerosols in the stratosphere shifts with the season so that scattering by volcanic aerosols in the spring half of the year is stronger than in the fall.

  8. Lead Speciation in Indoor Dust: A Case Study to Assess Old Paint Contribution in a Canadian Urban House

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    S Beauchemin; L MacLean; P Rasmussen

    2011-12-31

    Residents in older homes may experience increased lead (Pb) exposures due to release of lead from interior paints manufactured in past decades, especially pre-1960s. The objective of the study was to determine the speciation of Pb in settled dust from an urban home built during WWII. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and micro-X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed on samples of paint (380-2,920 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) and dust (200-1,000 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) collected prior to renovation. All dust samples exhibited a Pb XANES signature similar to that of Pb found in paint. Bulk XANES and micro-XRD identified Pb species commonly found as white paint pigments (Pb oxide, Pb sulfate, and Pb carbonate) as well as rutile, a titanium-based pigment, in the <150 m house dust samples. In the dust fraction <36 {mu}m, half of the Pb was associated with the Fe-oxyhydroxides, suggesting additional contribution of outdoor sources to Pb in the finer dust. These results confirm that old paints still contribute to Pb in the settled dust for this 65-year-old home. The Pb speciation also provided a clearer understanding of the Pb bioaccessibility: Pb carbonate > Pb oxide > Pb sulfate. This study underscores the importance of taking precautions to minimize exposures to Pb in house dust, especially in homes where old paint is exposed due to renovations or deterioration of painted surfaces.

  9. Lead speciation in indoor dust: a case study to assess old paint contribution in a Canadian urban house

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beauchemin, Suzanne; MacLean, Lachlan C.W.; Rasmussen, Pat E.

    2012-10-23

    Residents in older homes may experience increased lead (Pb) exposures due to release of lead from interior paints manufactured in past decades, especially pre-1960s. The objective of the study was to determine the speciation of Pb in settled dust from an urban home built during WWII. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and micro-X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed on samples of paint (380-2,920 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) and dust (200-1,000 mg Pb kg{sup -1}) collected prior to renovation. All dust samples exhibited a Pb XANES signature similar to that of Pb found in paint. Bulk XANES and micro-XRD identified Pb species commonly found as white paint pigments (Pb oxide, Pb sulfate, and Pb carbonate) as well as rutile, a titanium-based pigment, in the <150 {micro}m house dust samples. In the dust fraction <36 {micro}m, half of the Pb was associated with the Fe-oxyhydroxides, suggesting additional contribution of outdoor sources to Pb in the finer dust. These results confirm that old paints still contribute to Pb in the settled dust for this 65-year-old home. The Pb speciation also provided a clearer understanding of the Pb bioaccessibility: Pb carbonate > Pb oxide > Pb sulfate. This study underscores the importance of taking precautions to minimize exposures to Pb in house dust, especially in homes where old paint is exposed due to renovations or deterioration of painted surfaces.

  10. Industry decries sharp decline in U. S. offshore activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-05-11

    Roadblocks to offshore activity in the U.S. drew much of the spotlight at the 24th Offshore Technology Conference last week in Houston. Among OTC highlights included in this paper are: Two panels reviewed how federal leasing moratoriums and regulatory restrictions are reining U.S. offshore development. Conoco Inc.'s manager of exploration and development in Russia detailed the allure of giant and supergiant fields in the Commonwealth of Independent States and reviewed the status of the company's efforts to negotiate E and D deals with Russian partners. Minerals Management Service officials reviewed environmental challenges facing operators on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf and new MMS inspection strategies in the Gulf of Mexico. The 1992 OTC Distinguished Achievement Award for companies went to Brazil's Petroleo Brasileiro SA for deepwater development records set with the 3 Marlim well in the Campos basin off Brazil.

  11. EIS-0432: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal Loan Guarantee to Support the Construction and Startup of the Medicine Bow Fuel & Power Coal-to-Liquid Facility in Carbon County, Wyoming

  12. PRESENTATION TITLE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Habitat Creation Tulsa Vision 2025 Dam Safety Issues Keystone, Pine Creek, ... of the Mountain Fork below Broken Bow dam. Cause of Impairment - Lead and ...

  13. Seven Mile Hill I & II Wind Farm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Developer PacifiCorp Energy Purchaser PacifiCorp Location Between Hanna and Medicine Bow WY Coordinates 41.939079, -106.372225 Show Map Loading map......

  14. Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets (Journal...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (self-focusing, cavity evacuation, and bow wave generation), mathematical catastrophe theory which explains formation of electron density singularities (cusps), and collective...

  15. Issues in International Energy Consumption Analysis: Electricity...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Canadian Energy Demand Electricity Usage in India's Housing ... Canadian Energy Demand Release date: June 2, 2015 The ... This is the U.S. Energy Information Administration's second ...

  16. Canadian Environmental Protection Act, strategic options for the management of toxic substances: Electric power generation (fossil fuel) sector, report of stakeholder consultations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-31

    The Electric Power Generation Sector Issue Table was formed to assess the management of toxic substances released from that sector, and more specifically, to develop (where warranted) goals, targets, and effective and efficient options for managing toxic releases in order to reduce potential risks to human health and the environment. This strategic options report sets out the recommendations of Issue Table members for the management of toxic substances. The introduction includes an industry profile and a review of the provincial management of electric power sector strategic options priority (SOP) substances. Chapter 2 discusses what substances are toxic, estimates releases of SOP substances from the sector, and reviews Issue Table approaches to risk assessment. Chapter 3 outlines Issue Table activities. Chapter 4 screens toxic substance management options, with evaluation of options against 13 groups of criteria. Chapter 5 presents toxic substances management proposals made to the Issue Table by the electric power generation industry, environmental groups, and Environment Canada.

  17. EIS-0170: Record of Decision (April 1997)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    North Pacific Division Columbia River System Operation Review, Canadian Entitlement Allocation Extension Agreements

  18. 92785o00.PDF

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and MID-COLUMBIA PARTICIPANTS Relating to Federal and Canadian Columbia River Storage Index to Sections - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -...

  19. The impact of subsea boosting on deepwater field development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ribeiro, O.J.S.; Camargo, R.M.T.; Paulo, C.A.S.

    1996-12-31

    This paper describes the impact that the use of a subsea boosting system will have on the development of a deepwater field. The analysis covers the technology demands and constraints encountered on screening studies executed for the fields of Marlim, Albacora and Barracuda, as well as an overview of the economic benefits encountered. The paper focuses on the technological demands and constraints identified as well as some considerations about possible alternatives. The demands and constraints identified in the study will provide the industry with some more input to guide the development of the subsea boosting technology, as well as a better understanding of how to apply this new tool on the development of deepwater prospects. The results of the screening study are showing that the subsea boosting systems are a valuable tool to reduce the costs of deepwater developments. The cost cutting possibilities through an integration between the conventional subsea hardware and the subsea boosting systems and the combination of boosting systems are promising alternatives. The encouraging economic results found, as well as the demands and constraints raised in the paper will be of use for those trying to apply these technologies in various areas of the world.

  20. PRESENTATION TITLE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Portions of the Mountain Fork River below Broken Bow Dam are on the 2010 draft Oklahoma ... Keystone only). - Arkansas below Kaw Dam not mapped owing to high water. - American ...

  1. Butte, Montana: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Butte is a city in Silver Bow County, Montana. It falls under Montana's At-large congressional district.12 Registered Energy...

  2. CX-012767: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Medicine Bow Substation Control Building Installation Project Carbon County, Wyoming CX(s) Applied: B1.22, B1.23Date: 41857 Location(s): WyomingOffices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region

  3. Meaningful Money Gifts at Holiday Time | The Ames Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Meaningful Money Gifts at Holiday Time Give a small child a gift of money and they'll give you a sideways look and sheepish, "Thanks." They usually prefer boxes with big bows that...

  4. app_d

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DeBow, Rexburg, ID Page 2 of 2 Document 34, Tri-City Industrial Development Council (Sam Volpentest), Kennewick, WA Page 1 of 3 - New Information - D-45 DOEEIS-0287 Idaho HLW...

  5. Section 69

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is a development of the AERI-a field of view was ahead of the ship's bow wave. The key component in the ARM-TWP instrument suite, and to interferometer integrates measurements...

  6. ARM - Datastreams - rphcontrol

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    basetime North latitude degreeN lat East longitude degreeE lon Surface condition Pitch angle of the ship, positive is bow up degree pitch ( time ) Surface condition Pitch...

  7. ARM - Datastreams - mwacrspeccmaskcopol

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    field unitless locatormask ( time, range ) East longitude degreeE lon ( time ) Ship pitch, axis starboard-to-port, positive is bow up degree pitch ( time ) Range (center of...

  8. PRESENTATION TITLE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mike Abate 19 June 2014 BUILDING STRONG ®  Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation  Tulsa Vision 2025  Dam Safety Issues ► Keystone, Pine Creek, Robert S. Kerr, (Broken Bow Operations)  Lake Eufaula Advisory Committee  Broken Bow Seasonal Pool Update - Cultural Resources Impacts  Arkansas River Navigation Improvement  Oklahoma Comprehensive Water Plan Update BUILDING STRONG ® Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation  In April of 2013 the Corps

  9. Upper Skagit Indian Tribe

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Feasibility of Wind to Serve Upper Skagit's Bow Hill Tribal Lands *Assess Feasibility of Residential Wind Energy Applications * * *Upper Skagit Indian Tribe is located in the Pacific Northwest , about 1 hour north of Seattle, Washington *Upper Skagit have two reservation land bases - * Bow Hill the economic land base * Helmick Road Reservation the center of government, community services & residences Skagit River & Puget Sound * Support all 5 species of salmon, steelhead * The Tribe

  10. Upper Skagit Indian Tribe - Strategic Energy Planning

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Upper Skagit Indian Tribe Tribal Lands Location Tribal lands Tribal lands Two Tribe Land sites: Two Tribe Land sites: Bow Hill Complex Bow Hill Complex The Tribal economic center with both development The Tribal economic center with both development & undeveloped lands. & undeveloped lands. Helmick Road Reservation Helmick Road Reservation The community & government center with both The community & government center with both developed & newly required community lands.

  11. Microsoft PowerPoint - SW Fed Hydro Conference Jun 12 presentation Final [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Projects Impacting Federal Projects Impacting Federal Power Tulsa District Tulsa District Beau Biffle Beau Biffle 13 June 2012 BUILDING STRONG ® Topics Topics  Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation  Tulsa Vision 2025  Dam Safety Issues ► Keystone ► Pine Creek ► Tenkiller  Lake Eufaula Advisory Committee  Lake Eufaula Advisory Committee  Tenkiller Downstream Fishery Issues  Broken Bow Seasonal Pool Update - Cultural Broken Bow Seasonal Pool Update

  12. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments | Department of Energy . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments Protest of the Canadian Electricity Association and the Electric Power Supply Association to Sierra Club's Notice of Intervention and Motion to Intervene in favor of the application to export electric energy OE Docket

  13. Joint Statement by President Barack Obama of the United States of America and Prime Minister Stephen Harper of Canada on Accelerating Economic Recovery and Job Creation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Secretary Chu and Canadian Minister Jim Prentice Announced Release of Clean Energy Dialogue Report and Action Plan

  14. Fiber optic gap gauge

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wood, Billy E. (Livermore, CA); Groves, Scott E. (Brentwood, CA); Larsen, Greg J. (Brentwood, CA); Sanchez, Roberto J. (Pleasanton, CA)

    2006-11-14

    A lightweight, small size, high sensitivity gauge for indirectly measuring displacement or absolute gap width by measuring axial strain in an orthogonal direction to the displacement/gap width. The gap gauge includes a preferably titanium base having a central tension bar with springs connecting opposite ends of the tension bar to a pair of end connector bars, and an elongated bow spring connected to the end connector bars with a middle section bowed away from the base to define a gap. The bow spring is capable of producing an axial strain in the base proportional to a displacement of the middle section in a direction orthogonal to the base. And a strain sensor, such as a Fabry-Perot interferometer strain sensor, is connected to measure the axial strain in the base, so that the displacement of the middle section may be indirectly determined from the measurement of the axial strain in the base.

  15. Device and method to relieve cordelle action in a chain driven pump

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dysarz, Edward D.

    1994-01-01

    A cordelle action relief apparatus or device for use in sucker rod pumps in a petroleum or water well. The device is incorporated in a chain driven pump to prevent the chain from forming a bow or archlike configuration as the chain rolls off of the sprocket and down into the well. When the chain is allowed to form this bow or arch it could damage the well and well casing. The device includes a first rod on the side of the chain and a second rod on the second side of the chain that will allow the rollers of the chain to roll on the rod and further prevent the chain from bowing or arching and will further allow the rollers on the chain to roll on the rods which will further prevent damage to the well casing, the well, and the chain.

  16. Alternative Inspection Methods for Single Shell Tanks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, Timothy J.; Alzheimer, James M.; Hurley, David E.

    2010-01-19

    This document was prepared to provide evaluations and recommendations regarding nondestructive evaluation methods that might be used to determine cracks and bowing in the ceiling of waste storage tanks on the Hanford site. The goal was to determine cracks as small as 1/16 in. wide in the ceiling, and bowing as small as 0.25 in. This report describes digital video camera methods that can be used to detect a crack in the ceiling of the dome, and methods for determining the surface topography of the ceiling in the waste storage tanks to detect localized movements in the surface. A literature search, combined with laboratory testing, comprised this study.

  17. Airfoil structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, Gary A. (Poway, CA); Twardochleb, Christopher Z. (Alpine, CA)

    1998-01-01

    Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally "C" configuration of the airfoil. The generally "C" configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion.

  18. Airfoil structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Frey, G.A.; Twardochleb, C.Z.

    1998-01-13

    Past airfoil configurations have been used to improve aerodynamic performance and engine efficiencies. The present airfoil configuration further increases component life and reduces maintenance by reducing internal stress within the airfoil itself. The airfoil includes a chord and a span. Each of the chord and the span has a bow being summed to form a generally ``C`` configuration of the airfoil. The generally ``C`` configuration includes a compound bow in which internal stresses resulting from a thermal temperature gradient are reduced. The structural configuration reduces internal stresses resulting from thermal expansion. 6 figs.

  19. EffiSolar Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Name: EffiSolar Energy Corporation Place: Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada Zip: V3K6V2 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian based project developer focused on...

  20. Category:Canada Provinces and Territories | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Canada Provinces and Territories Jump to: navigation, search Canadian Provinces and Territories Pages in category "Canada Provinces and Territories" The following 10 pages are in...

  1. Timminco Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name: Timminco Limited Place: Toronto, Ontario, Canada Zip: M5H 1J9 Product: Canadian manufacturer of magnesium and silicon; operates its...

  2. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Status Flags at full staff Wilson Hall Cafe Thursday, Feb. 19 - Breakfast: Canadian bacon, egg and cheese Texas toast - Breakfast: all-American breakfast - Chicken cordon bleu...

  3. EIS-0197: Record of Decision (November 1996) | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Record of Decision (November 1996) EIS-0197: Record of Decision (November 1996) Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement The United States Entity (the Administrator of the Bonneville...

  4. DOE/EIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision (March 1999) ...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    197: Supplement to Record of Decision (March 1999) DOEEIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision (March 1999) Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement Final Environmental Impact...

  5. EIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Supplement to Record of Decision EIS-0197: Supplement to Record of Decision Delivery of the Canadian Entitlement The United States Entity has decided to supplement an earlier...

  6. EIS-0433-S1: Keystone XL Pipeline SEIS (Montana, South Dakota...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of a revised proposal for the Keystone XL pipeline and related facilities. The proposed facilities would transport crude oil from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin and the...

  7. Panel 4, Grid-Scale Storage Technologies: Regulatory Barriers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in modernizing the electricity grid by strengthening the Canadian energy storage technology value chain & reducing risks for utilities to adopt energy storage technologies. ...

  8. Clean and Secure Energy from Domestic Oil Shale and Oil Sands...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    of oil shale and oil sands resources; Economic and environmental assessment of domestic ... Impacts (November, 2014); Policy Analysis of the Canadian Oil Sands Experience ...

  9. Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Southern Study Area Final Report.pdf More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of Edison Electric Institute (EEI) 1 QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association QER -...

  10. Electrotherm and Electrovaya JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    and Electrovaya JV Place: India Product: 50-50 joint venture between Canadian lithium-ion battery developer, Electrovaya, and Indian manufacturer, Electrotherm India Ltd,...

  11. EIS-0447: DOE Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Impact...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    a new 1000-megawatt (MW) electric transmission system from the Canadian Province of Quebec to New York City. This DOE notice of availability incorrectly identifies the close of...

  12. Worldwide pipelines and contractors directory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-11-01

    This directory contains information on the following: pipeline contractors; US natural gas pipelines; US crude oil pipelines; US product pipelines; Canadian pipelines and foreign pipelines.

  13. Xantrex Technology Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Xantrex Technology Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Xantrex Technology Inc Place: Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada Zip: V5A 4B5 Product: Canadian manufacturer of power...

  14. U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    of its four available terminals, as well as from Canadian offshore production and above-ground storage facilities operated by local distribution companies (LDCs), as detailed...

  15. SSRL HEADLINES Aug 2006

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    York. The remotely held workshop, organized and run by Aina Cohen and SSRL coworkers and Edward Snell and HWI coworkers, was attended by 34 US and Canadian investigators...

  16. Carmanah Technologies Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Columbia, Canada Zip: V9A 3S2 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian manufacturer of solar balance of systems (mounts, converters, inverters), battery chargers, and distributor of...

  17. United Nations Atomic Energy Commission stalls out

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Canadian representatives agreed to approach the Soviets. Secretary of State, James F. Byrnes made the arrange- ments. In a meeting in Moscow in December, 1945, agreement with the...

  18. Intersolar Group defunct | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Jump to: navigation, search Name: Intersolar Group (defunct) Place: Canada Sector: Solar Product: Intersolar was taken over by Canadian PV cell manufacturer ICP Global...

  19. ARM - Events Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Society, Canadian Geophysical Union, and American Meteorological Society (CMOS-CGU-AMS) being held on May 28 - June 1, 2007, in St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada....

  20. Pod Generating Group | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Group Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pod Generating Group Place: Sault Ste Marie, Ontario, Canada Zip: P6A 2G4 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian developer of...

  1. Meikle Automation Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Meikle Automation Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Meikle Automation Inc Place: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada Zip: N2E 3Z5 Product: Canadian manufacturer of automation systems...

  2. Pro Solar Solarstrom GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GmbH Jump to: navigation, search Name: Pro Solar Solarstrom GmbH Place: Ravensburg, Germany Zip: 88214 Sector: Solar Product: Distributor of PV modules, including Canadian...

  3. Sustainable Energy Technologies Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Zip: T2N 2A1 Sector: Solar, Wind energy Product: Canadian manufacturer of power inverters for solar, wind, fuel cells, and power storage sectors. References: Sustainable...

  4. Table 30. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 14.07 - W 13.85 13.54 -...

  5. Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Algerian Condensate Angolan Cabinda Canadian Lloydminster Cameroon Kole Marine Ecuadorian Oriente Mexican Isthmus Mexican Mayan 1978 Average ... W 13.32 - W 12.87 13.24 -...

  6. ARM_STM09.ppt

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Aerosol Campaign 1-29 Apr 2008: Same measurements at DOE ARM NSA Site + Canadian NRC In-situ Measurements * Aerosol properties * Atmospheric state * Cloud microphysics *...

  7. PP-22-4 British Columbia Transmission Corporation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Transmission Corporation to construct, operate, and mantain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border.

  8. Energy Secretary Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Bodman and Minister of Natural Resources for Canada Lunn Release the 2003 Power Outage Final Report Secretary Bodman Visits Alberta, Canada Canadian Council of Chief Executives...

  9. O:ELECTRICEA-189.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    PanCanadian Energy Services Inc. Order No. EA-189 I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On July 20, 1998, PanCanadian Energy Services Inc. (PanCanadian) applied to the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) for authorization to transmit electric energy to Canada as a power marketer. PanCanadian does not own or

  10. Research Highlight

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Small Processes Make a Big Difference in Model Outcomes Submitter: Cole, J. N., Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis Area of Research: General Circulation and Single...

  11. The Atacama Cosmology Telescope: Cosmological Parameters from...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ; Doriese, W.Bertrand ; Dunner, R. ; Essinger-Hileman, T. more ; Fisher, R.P. ; Oxford U. Princeton U. Princeton U., Astrophys. Sci. Dept. Oxford U. Canadian Inst....

  12. Slide 1

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Market Diversification for Canadian Oil and Gas Presented by: John Foran Natural Resources Canada June 17, 2013 Canada/US Energy Trade Relationship 51 TWh 14 TWh 840 MMb 3.1 Tcf 1.0 Tcf 2600 tU % US Market Electricity 1% Crude Oil 16% Natural Gas 12% Uranium 20% Canada's Energy Policy Agenda  Market oriented energy policy  Maximize benefits of resources for Canadians  Ensure public health, safety, environmental protection  Address concerns of Canadians  Changing context 

  13. Hydraulically amplified PZT mems actuator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Miles, Robin R.

    2004-11-02

    A hydraulically amplified microelectromechanical systems actuator. A piece of piezoelectric material or stacked piezo bimorph is bonded or deposited as a thin film. The piece is operatively connected to a primary membrane. A reservoir is operatively connected to the primary membrane. The reservoir contains a fluid. A membrane is operatively connected to the reservoir. In operation, energizing the piezoelectric material causing the piezoelectric material to bow. Bowing of the piezoelectric material causes movement of the primary membrane. Movement of the primary membrane results in a force in being transmitted to the liquid in the reservoir. The force in the liquid causes movement of the membrane. Movement of the membrane results in an operating actuator.

  14. Nonlinear structure-composition relationships in the Ge1-ySny/Si(100) (y<0.15) system

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Beeler, R.; Roucka, R.; Chizmeshya, A. V. G.; Kouvetakis, J.; Menéndez, J.

    2011-07-26

    The compositional dependence of the cubic lattice parameter in Ge1-ySny alloys has been revisited. Large 1000-atom supercell ab initio simulations confirm earlier theoretical predictions that indicate a positive quadratic deviation from Vegard's law, albeit with a somewhat smaller bowing coefficient, θ = 0.047 Å, than found from 64-atom cell simulations (θ = 0.063 Å). On the other hand, measurements from an extensive set of alloy samples with compositions y < 0.15 reveal a negative deviation from Vegard's law. The discrepancy with earlier experimental data, which supported the theoretical results, is traced back to an unexpected compositional dependence of the residualmore » strain after growth on Si substrates. The experimental bowing parameter for the relaxed lattice constant of the alloys is found to be θ = -0.066 Å. Possible reasons for the disagreement between theory and experiment are discussed in detail.« less

  15. Comet tail formation: Giotto observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wilken, B.; Jockers, K.; Johnstone, A.; Coates, A.; Heath, J.; Formisano, V.; Amata, E.; Winningham, J.D.; Thomsen, M.; Bryant, D.A.

    1986-01-01

    The process of mass loading of the solar wind by cometary ions, which forms comet tails, has been observed throughout the coma of comet Halley. Three distinct regimes were found where the nature of the energy and momentum coupling between solar wind and cometary ions is different. Outside the bow shock, where there is little angular scattering of the freshly ionized particles, the coupling is described by the simple pickup trajectory and the energy is controlled by the angle between the flow and the magnetic field. Just inside the bow shock, there is considerable scattering accompanied by another acceleration process which raises some particle energies well above the straightforward pickup value. Finally, closer to the nucleus, the amount of scattering decreases and the coupling is once more controlled by the magnetic field direction. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  16. Nonlinear structure-composition relationships in the Ge1-ySny/Si(100) (y

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Beeler, R.; Roucka, R.; Chizmeshya, A. V. G.; Kouvetakis, J.; Menndez, J.

    2011-07-26

    The compositional dependence of the cubic lattice parameter in Ge1-ySny alloys has been revisited. Large 1000-atom supercell ab initio simulations confirm earlier theoretical predictions that indicate a positive quadratic deviation from Vegard's law, albeit with a somewhat smaller bowing coefficient, ? = 0.047 , than found from 64-atom cell simulations (? = 0.063 ). On the other hand, measurements from an extensive set of alloy samples with compositions y morestrain after growth on Si substrates. The experimental bowing parameter for the relaxed lattice constant of the alloys is found to be ? = -0.066 . Possible reasons for the disagreement between theory and experiment are discussed in detail.less

  17. Method and apparatus for constructing an underground barrier wall structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dwyer, Brian P.; Stewart, Willis E.; Dwyer, Stephen F.

    2002-01-01

    A method and apparatus for constructing a underground barrier wall structure using a jet grout injector subassembly comprising a pair of primary nozzles and a plurality of secondary nozzles, the secondary nozzles having a smaller diameter than the primary nozzles, for injecting grout in directions other than the primary direction, which creates a barrier wall panel having a substantially uniform wall thickess. This invention addresses the problem of the weak "bow-tie" shape that is formed during conventional jet injection when using only a pair of primary nozzles. The improvement is accomplished by using at least four secondary nozzles, of smaller diameter, located on both sides of the primary nozzles. These additional secondary nozzles spray grout or permeable reactive materials in other directions optimized to fill in the thin regions of the bow-tie shape. The result is a panel with increased strength and substantially uniform wall thickness.

  18. PRESENTATION TITLE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    STRONG ® Projects Impacting Federal Power Tulsa District Dan Brueggenjohann 9 June 2010 BUILDING STRONG ® 303(d) Listing of Broken Bow Tailwaters Impairment Impaired Use Cadmium Fish and Wildlife Propagation - Trout Fishery Lead Fish and Wildlife Propagation - Trout Fishery Water Temperature* Fish and Wildlife Propagation - Trout Fishery The 303(d) List reports on waters identified as impaired. These waters: Have elevated portions of one or more pollutants. Do not meet one or more water

  19. PRESENTATION TITLE

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 June 2011 BUILDING STRONG ® Topics  Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation  Tulsa Vision 2025  Dam Safety Issues ► Keystone ► Pine Creek ► Robert S. Kerr  Lake Eufaula Advisory Committee  Tenkiller Downstream Fishery Issues  Broken Bow Seasonal Pool Update - Cultural Resources Impacts  Arkansas River Navigation Improvement  Oklahoma Comprehensive Water Plan Update BUILDING STRONG ® Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation  2010

  20. It's official: the Manhattan Project National Historical Park | Y-12

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    National Security Complex About / History / It's official: the ... It's official: the Manhattan Project National Historical Park Posted: December 17, 2015 - 5:05pm Y-12 Historian Ray Smith, wearing a bow tie in memory of Oak Ridge famed historian Bill Wilcox, shares his view of attending the Manhattan Project National Historic Park signing. Y-12 Historian Ray Smith was a part of history when he attended the signing of the Manhattan Project National Historical Park. He shares his memories

  1. Microsoft PowerPoint - 15 Jun SW Fed Hydro Conference presentation Other Issues.ppt [Read-Only] [Compatibility Mode]

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    8 June 2015 BUILDING STRONG ® Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation Arkansas River Corridor Lake Eufaula Advisory Committee Tenkiller Downstream Fishery Issues DO / Minimum Flows Broken Bow Seasonal Pool Update Cultural Resources Impacts Arkansas River Navigation Improvement BUILDING STRONG ® Interior Least Tern Operations and Habitat Creation A new biological opinion is underway and expected to be available in the coming weeks. We expect no change in the Least Tern program

  2. Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Wyoming | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Wyoming Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Wyoming Location Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued for actions in Wyoming. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 14, 2014 CX-012767: Categorical Exclusion Determination Medicine Bow Substation Control Building Installation Project Carbon County, Wyoming CX(s) Applied: B1.22, B1.23 Date: 41857 Location(s): Wyoming Offices(s): Western Area Power Administration-Rocky Mountain Region August 7, 2014 CX-012751: Categorical Exclusion

  3. Spectra Nova Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Spectra Nova Technologies Inc. Place: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada Zip: K2E 7J5 Sector: Solar Product: A Canadian based technology company, active in...

  4. Becancour Silicon Inc BSI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: Becancour Silicon Inc (BSI) Place: St. Laurent, Quebec, Canada Zip: H4M2M4 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian supplier of silicon metal for the...

  5. 6N Silicon Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: 6N Silicon Inc Place: Mississauga, Ontario, Canada Zip: L5T 1E6 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian manufactuer of upgraded metallurgical...

  6. Centennial Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Solar Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: Centennial Solar Inc Place: St Laurent, Canada Zip: H4S 1M5 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian solar system installer. References:...

  7. SiXtron Advanced Materials Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    to: navigation, search Name: SiXtron Advanced Materials Inc Place: Dorval, Quebec, Canada Zip: H9P 1J1 Product: Canadian manufacturer of anti-reflective coating capital...

  8. This Week In Petroleum Summary Printer-Friendly Version

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and further supported by the startup of a 250,000-barrel-per-day (bbld) crude distillation unit at BP's Whiting, Indiana, refinery, combined with maintenance at Canadian...

  9. 5N Plus Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    N Plus Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name: 5N Plus Inc Place: Quebec, Canada Sector: Solar Product: Canadian manufacturer of high-purity metals and compounds for electronic...

  10. Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Wyoming, dropped 6 cents to 1.40 per MMBtu this week. Prices at the Canadian-U.S. border at Sumas, Washington, moved up 3 cents to 1.57 per MMBtu. At the NYMEX, the futures...

  11. EIA Energy Information Administration

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    50 -3 414 57 51 6 An echo of winter reverberated early last week as a broad Canadian cold front swung down into the Midwest and pushed east by northeast into New England last...

  12. Federal Agencies to Assist with Clean Energy Development in the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    well as 15 hubs in the Canadian provinces of Alberta and British Columbia (including one that straddles the border with the United States), plus 2 hubs in Mexico's Baja California. ...

  13. Morgan Solar Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Toronto, Ontario, Canada Zip: M6J 1C5 Product: Canadian VC-backed concentrating photovoltaic (CPV) technology developer. Coordinates: 43.64856, -79.385324 Show Map Loading...

  14. Cyrium Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Place: Ottowa, Ontario, Canada Zip: K1A 0R6 Product: Canadian manufacturer of GaAs photovoltaic (PV) cells for terrestrial and space use. Coordinates: 38.554325, -121.784714...

  15. MHK Projects/OpenHydro Bay of Fundy Nova Scotia CA | Open Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Phase Phase 1 Project Details OpenHydro is working with Canadian utility Nova Scotia Power to create a tidal demonstration project in the Bay of Fundy. Following successful...

  16. Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing ... EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc PDF icon Canadian Electrical Association ...

  17. DOE/FE-0571

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ... 25 SUMMARY The Office of Oil and Gas Global Security ... with Canadian pipeline export prices decreasing by 48.0 ... Page - 3 2008. Projects like Net Midstream's NET Mexico ...

  18. El Reno, Oklahoma: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Hide Map This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. El Reno is a city in Canadian County, Oklahoma. It falls under Oklahoma's 3rd congressional...

  19. Slide 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    data LW 1s running average LW 110s data IWCTWC 1s average IWCTWC 110s data IWCTWC 5s average Vidaurre and Hallett Canadian Convair Start time 20:10:04 6500 6600 6700 6800...

  20. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | October 6, 2014: Fermilab?s...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    through the Earth, with no tunnel needed. The 14,000-ton far detector - constructed in Ash River, Minnesota, near the Canadian border - spots those neutrinos after their 500-mile...

  1. Fermilab | Newsroom | Press Releases | February 11, 2014: NOvA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of the two particle detectors, one near the source at Fermilab and the other in Ash River, Minn., near the Canadian border. The detector in Ash River is operated by the...

  2. Secretary Bodman Hosts Energy Ministers from Canada and Mexico

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today met with Canadian Minister of Natural Resources Gary Lunn and Mexican Secretary of Energy Fernando Canales Clariond to discuss...

  3. CanGEA Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference Presentation- Mapping & Database Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Mapping and database workshop presentation presented at the Canadian Geothermal Energy Association Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference on March 21, 2013 by Arlene Anderson, Physical Scientist Lead for Geothermal Data Provision, Resource Mapping and Energy and Water Life Cycle Analysis

  4. 1

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the heart of this weather regime. September 24-26 was marked by the presence of the first system that moved North along the CanadianAlaskan border then turned west towards Barrow...

  5. CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trishchenko, Alexander

    2008-01-15

    The Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) presents several landcover maps over the SGP CART site area (32-40N, 92-102W) derived from satellite data including AVHRR, MODIS, SPOT vegetation data, and Landsat satellite TM imagery.

  6. Semafo | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Quebec, Canada Zip: H4M 2M4 Sector: Solar Product: Canadian-based mining company with gold production and exploration activities in West Africa studying a solar project in...

  7. SREL Reprint #3112

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA 3Canadian Wildlife Service, 300-2365 Albert Street, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4P 4K1 4Department of Biology, University of...

  8. Increasing Importance of Natural Gas Imports on the U.S. Marketplace

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2000-01-01

    The growing importance of imported natural gas supplies in the U.S. marketplace, especially the northeast, is reflected in the two-fold increase in Canadian and overall net imports since 1990.

  9. Behavioral Change and Building Performance: Strategies for Significan...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    ... Canadian Journal of Public Health 91(2), 137-143. Carrico, A.R., and M. Riemer. 2011. Motivating ... American Psychologist 41(5), 521-528. Darby, S. 2006. The Effectiveness of ...

  10. United States Entity Columbia River Treaty

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    BPA A-7 USACE CENWD-DE Ms. Sue Saarnio, Director Office of Canadian Affairs, WHA-CAN United States Department of State 2201 C Street Northwest Washington, D.C. 20520 Dear Ms....

  11. SREL Reprint #3041

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Glaudas, X. and C. T. Winne 2007. Do warning displays predict striking behavior in a viperid snake, the cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus)? Canadian Journal of Zoology 85:574-578...

  12. 2015 Forum on Hydropower

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Discover how Canadian hydropower is learning lessons and building the future. Get updated on greenfield, rehabilitation, refurbishment and expansion projects going on across the country. Learn how...

  13. ARM - Facility News Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    December 31, 2008 [Facility News] Arctic Field Campaign Data and Instrument Performance Reviewed at Workshop Bookmark and Share Both wings of the Canadian National Research Council's Convair-580 aircraft were equipped with numerous cloud and aerosol probes during ISDAC. Both wings of the Canadian National Research Council's Convair-580 aircraft were equipped with numerous cloud and aerosol probes during ISDAC. In April 2008, the month-long Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC)

  14. Tritium Technology at CNL

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1- UNRESTRICTED/ ILLIMITÉ Chalk River Tritium Activities: Select Topics Presented by Hugh Boniface Tritium Focus Group Meeting, Princeton, NJ, 2015 May -2- UNRESTRICTED/ ILLIMITÉ * Canadian Nuclear Labs - former AECL * New Tritium Facility * Tritium-resistant e-cell materials * Beta-voltaics * Helium-3 recovery Topics -3- UNRESTRICTED/ ILLIMITÉ * Main campus of Canadian Nuclear Labs - former AECL * Established 1952 Crown Corporation * 3100 employees (500 advanced degrees) * 600 M$ in revenue

  15. Introduction

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    pre-dawn hours of January 24, 1978, a Canadian Mounted Police corporal located in Hay River, in the Canadian Northwest Territories, reported a meteor sighting. One hundred and twenty-fve miles north, in Yellowknife, a night janitor reported mysterious lights streaking across the darkened sky. What these eye-witnesses actually saw was the re-entry of the Soviet satellite Cosmos 954 into Earth's atmosphere. Background Cosmos 954 launched into orbit on September 18, 1977. The satellite was designed

  16. THREE-DIMENSIONAL GAS DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE EXOPLANET WASP-12b AND ITS HOST STAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bisikalo, D.; Kaygorodov, P.; Ionov, D.; Shematovich, V.; Lammer, H.; Fossati, L.

    2013-02-10

    Hubble Space Telescope transit observations in the near-UV performed in 2009 made WASP-12b one of the most 'mysterious' exoplanets; the system presents an early ingress, which can be explained by the presence of optically thick matter located ahead of the planet at a distance of {approx}4-5 planet radii. This work follows previous attempts to explain this asymmetry with an exospheric outflow or a bow shock, induced by a planetary magnetic field, and provides a numerical solution of the early ingress, though we did not perform any radiative transfer calculation. We performed pure 3D gas dynamic simulations of the plasma interaction between WASP-12b and its host star and describe the flow pattern in the system. In particular, we show that the overfilling of the planet's Roche lobe leads to a noticeable outflow from the upper atmosphere in the direction of the L{sub 1} and L{sub 2} points. Due to the conservation of the angular momentum, the flow to the L{sub 1} point is deflected in the direction of the planet's orbital motion, while the flow toward L{sub 2} is deflected in the opposite direction, resulting in a non-axisymmetric envelope, surrounding the planet. The supersonic motion of the planet inside the stellar wind leads to the formation of a bow shock with a complex shape. The existence of the bow shock slows down the outflow through the L{sub 1} and L{sub 2} points, allowing us to consider a long-living flow structure that is in the steady state.

  17. HH 222: A GIANT HERBIG-HARO FLOW FROM THE QUADRUPLE SYSTEM V380 ORI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reipurth, Bo; Aspin, Colin; Connelley, M. S.; Bally, John; Geballe, T. R.; Kraus, Stefan; Appenzeller, Immo; Burgasser, Adam E-mail: caa@ifa.hawaii.edu E-mail: John.Bally@colorado.edu E-mail: stefan.kraus@cfa.harvard.edu E-mail: aburgasser@ucsd.edu

    2013-11-01

    HH 222 is a giant shocked region in the L1641 cloud, and is popularly known as the Orion Streamers or ''the waterfall'' on account of its unusual structure. At the center of these streamers are two infrared sources coincident with a nonthermal radio jet aligned along the principal streamer. The unique morphology of HH 222 has long been associated with this radio jet. However, new infrared images show that the two sources are distant elliptical galaxies, indicating that the radio jet is merely an improbable line-of-sight coincidence. Accurate proper motion measurements of HH 222 reveal that the shock structure is a giant bow shock moving directly away from the well-known, very young, Herbig Be star V380 Ori. The already known Herbig-Haro object HH 35 forms part of this flow. A new Herbig-Haro object, HH 1041, is found precisely in the opposite direction of HH 222 and is likely to form part of a counterflow. The total projected extent of this HH complex is 5.3 pc, making it among the largest HH flows known. A second outflow episode from V380 Ori is identified as a pair of HH objects, HH 1031 to the northwest and the already known HH 130 to the southeast, along an axis that deviates from that of HH 222/HH 1041 by only 3.7. V380 Ori is a hierarchical quadruple system, including a faint companion of spectral type M5 or M6, which at an age of ?1 Myr corresponds to an object straddling the stellar-to-brown dwarf boundary. We suggest that the HH 222 giant bow shock is a direct result of the dynamical interactions that led to the conversion from an initial non-hierarchical multiple system into a hierarchical configuration. This event occurred no more than 28,000 yr ago, as derived from the proper motions of the HH 222 giant bow shock.

  18. Project Reports for Upper Skagit Indian Tribe- 2005 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Upper Skagit Indian Tribe lands consist of 550 acres of the Bow Hill Complex with reservation and new development economic lands located in Skagit County, Washington, adjacent to Interstate 5. The strategic energy plan would complete an assessment of the existing economic enterprises including hotel, convention center, and casino, plus potential green energy sources to serve the existing and developing facilities. The strategic energy analysis would complete an assessment of 50 acres acquired in October 2004, to build more low-income houses, and identify energy improvements for the existing fully developed 74 acres of the Helmick Road Reservation established in 1981.

  19. COLLISIONALLY EXCITED FILAMENTS IN HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE H? AND H? IMAGES OF HH 1/2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raga, A. C.; Castellanos-Ramrez, A.; Reipurth, B.; Chiang, Hsin-Fang; Bally, J.

    2015-01-01

    We present new H? and H? images of the HH 1/2 system, and we find that the H?/H? ratio has high values in ridges along the leading edges of the HH 1 bow shock and of the brighter condensations of HH 2. These ridges have H?/H? = 4 ? 6, which is consistent with collisional excitation from the n = 1 to the n = 3 and 4 levels of hydrogen in a gas of temperatures T = 1.5 ? 10 10{sup 4} K. This is therefore the first direct evidence that the collisional excitation/ionization region of hydrogen just behind Herbig-Haro shock fronts is detected.

  20. Horizontal baffle for nuclear reactors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rylatt, John A. (Monroeville, PA)

    1978-01-01

    A horizontal baffle disposed in the annulus defined between the core barrel and the thermal liner of a nuclear reactor thereby physically separating the outlet region of the core from the annular area below the horizontal baffle. The horizontal baffle prevents hot coolant that has passed through the reactor core from thermally damaging apparatus located in the annulus below the horizontal baffle by utilizing the thermally induced bowing of the horizontal baffle to enhance sealing while accommodating lateral motion of the baffle base plate.

  1. Nanoconstriction-based spin-Hall nano-oscillator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Demidov, V. E.; Urazhdin, S.; Zholud, A.; Sadovnikov, A. V.; Demokritov, S. O.

    2014-10-27

    We experimentally demonstrate magnetic nano-oscillators driven by pure spin current produced by the spin Hall effect in a bow tie-shaped nanoconstriction. These devices exhibit single-mode auto-oscillation and generate highly-coherent electronic microwave signals with a significant power and the spectral linewidth as low as 6.2 MHz at room temperature. The proposed simple and flexible device geometry is amenable to straightforward implementation of advanced spintronic structures such as chains of mutually coupled spin-Hall nano-oscillators.

  2. Process for fabricating a microelectromechanical structure

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sniegowski, Jeffry J.; Krygowski, Thomas W.; Mani, Seethambal S.; Habermehl, Scott D.; Hetherington, Dale L.; Stevens, James E.; Resnick, Paul J.; Volk, Steven R.

    2004-10-26

    A process is disclosed for forming a microelectromechanical (MEM) structure on a substrate having from 5 to 6 or more layers of deposited and patterned polysilicon. The process is based on determining a radius of curvature of the substrate which is bowed due to accumulated stress in the layers of polysilicon and a sacrificial material used to buildup the MEM structure, and then providing one or more stress-compensation layers on a backside of the substrate to flatten the substrate and allow further processing.

  3. Airfoil shape for a turbine nozzle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY); Patik, Joseph Francis (Cohoes, NY); Itzel, Gary Michael (Simpsonville, SC)

    2002-01-01

    A first-stage nozzle vane includes an airfoil having a profile according to Table I. The annulus profile of the hot gas path is defined in conjunction with the airfoil profile and the profile of the inner and outer walls by the Cartesian coordinate values given in Tables I and II, respectively. The airfoil is a three-dimensional bowed design, both in the airfoil body and in the trailing edge. The airfoil is steam and air-cooled by flowing cooling mediums through cavities extending in the vane between inner and outer walls.

  4. Mechanical memory

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gilkey, Jeffrey C.; Duesterhaus, Michelle A.; Peter, Frank J.; Renn, Rosemarie A.; Baker, Michael S.

    2006-08-15

    A first-in-first-out (FIFO) microelectromechanical memory apparatus (also termed a mechanical memory) is disclosed. The mechanical memory utilizes a plurality of memory cells, with each memory cell having a beam which can be bowed in either of two directions of curvature to indicate two different logic states for that memory cell. The memory cells can be arranged around a wheel which operates as a clocking actuator to serially shift data from one memory cell to the next. The mechanical memory can be formed using conventional surface micromachining, and can be formed as either a nonvolatile memory or as a volatile memory.

  5. Mechanical memory

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gilkey, Jeffrey C.; Duesterhaus, Michelle A.; Peter, Frank J.; Renn, Rosemarie A.; Baker, Michael S.

    2006-05-16

    A first-in-first-out (FIFO) microelectromechanical memory apparatus (also termed a mechanical memory) is disclosed. The mechanical memory utilizes a plurality of memory cells, with each memory cell having a beam which can be bowed in either of two directions of curvature to indicate two different logic states for that memory cell. The memory cells can be arranged around a wheel which operates as a clocking actuator to serially shift data from one memory cell to the next. The mechanical memory can be formed using conventional surface micromachining, and can be formed as either a nonvolatile memory or as a volatile memory.

  6. Upper Skagit Indian Tribe- 2005 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Upper Skagit Indian Tribe lands consist of 550 acres of the Bow Hill Complex with reservation and new development economic lands located in Skagit County, Washington, adjacent to Interstate 5. The strategic energy plan would complete an assessment of the existing economic enterprises including hotel, convention center, and casino, plus potential green energy sources to serve the existing and developing facilities. The strategic energy analysis would complete an assessment of 50 acres acquired in October 2004, to build more low-income houses, and identify energy improvements for the existing fully developed 74 acres of the Helmick Road Reservation established in 1981.

  7. Structure of droplet-epitaxy-grown InAs/GaAs quantum dots

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, Eyal; Yochelis, Shira; Westreich, Ohad; Shusterman, Sergey; Kumah, Divine P.; Clarke, Roy; Yacoby, Yizhak; Paltiel, Yossi

    2011-09-06

    We have used a direct x-ray phasing method, coherent Bragg rod analysis, to obtain sub-angstrom resolution electron density maps of the InAs/GaAs dot system. The dots were grown by the droplet heteroepitaxy (DHE) technique and their structural and compositional properties are compared with those of dots grown by the strain-driven Stranski-Krastanov method. Our results show that the Ga diffusion into the DHE-grown dots is somewhat larger; however, other characteristics such as the composition of the dots uppermost layers, the interlayer spacing, and the bowing of the atomic layers are similar.

  8. ARM - Feature Stories and Releases Article

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    9, 2010 [Feature Stories and Releases] Mobile Facility Completes First Test at Sea Bookmark and Share Rich Coulter and Brad Orr, co-managers for the AMF2, install instruments on the bow of the RV Connecticut for operational testing in June. In mid-June, the second ARM Mobile Facility, or AMF2, faced its first test on the open seas off the coast of Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Led by Rich Coulter, AMF2 co-manager from Argonne National Laboratory, the AMF2 team installed a subset of AMF2 instruments

  9. Monitoring arrangement for vented nuclear fuel elements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Campana, Robert J. (Solana Beach, CA)

    1981-01-01

    In a nuclear fuel reactor core, fuel elements are arranged in a closely packed hexagonal configuration, each fuel element having diametrically opposed vents permitting 180.degree. rotation of the fuel elements to counteract bowing. A grid plate engages the fuel elements and forms passages for communicating sets of three, four or six individual vents with respective monitor lines in order to communicate vented radioactive gases from the fuel elements to suitable monitor means in a manner readily permitting detection of leakage in individual fuel elements.

  10. I'

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    N.y.%2 ,.; 1 - VF :' ,. .., . ., .' !..' I' t ,f. : ._ : II . .."W ,.I , : 3~4k-~%d . !3cx #TO ._ I' _' >. ._ .:f$ -7 : _ ..:.>, .a ._ 5 &[&,v# 24+4&&3 7-&i 4 ?. 6. Bpp, chaof, Tonrrrrprda 8ub-offioo .-. bgwt16, 1980 L P. Y. Bolwro, D@oetos, Prodwtiam Dlriaicai, Bow York c MX-808 RM B&B BTLIBXB , 8YMmr mo8Dom8rr - 1' _, ~q,< Roforonao ir wdo' to ymr amno- 'oononminc; (L qrorrrttty af hpw-'b'lub arida Vndor It8 domestio wanltr pmgrk, OIo Carirrloa bir

  11. Evidence for the existence of a fourth dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxia locus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopes-Cendes, I. Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec McGill Univ., Quebec ); Andermann, E. McGill Univ., Quebec ); Rouleau, G.A. Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, Quebec )

    1994-05-01

    The autosomal dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders. To date, three loci have been identified: The SCA1 locus (on chr 6p), the SCA2 locus (on chr 12q), and more recently a Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) locus (on chr 14q). The authors have studied one large French-Canadian kindred with four generations of living affected individuals segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. Linkage analysis using anonymous DNA markers that flank the three previously described loci significantly exclude the French-Canadian kindred from the SCA1, SCA2, and MJD loci. Therefore, a fourth, still unmapped SCA locus remains to be identified. In addition, the unique clinical phenotype present in all affected individuals of the French-Canadian kindred might be characteristic of this still unmapped SCA locus. 34 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  12. How the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together | Department

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of Energy the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together How the U.S. and Canada are Fighting Climate Change Together March 10, 2016 - 4:57pm Addthis President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House in Washington. | Photo courtesy of the Government of Canada. President Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau at the White House in Washington. | Photo courtesy of the Government of Canada. Melanie A. Kenderdine Melanie A. Kenderdine Director of

  13. : Hanson Blata, Chief, Radiation Branch Health & Safety Division

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    Hanson Blata, Chief, Radiation Branch Health & Safety Division ,DATTE: July 25, 1952 FROM : Eugene Barry, Radiation Brsnchctr@ Health & Safety Division SL-JEm: VISIT TO CANADIAN RADIUM AND UFLANIUM CO, MT. K&O, N. Y. - MAY 28, 1952 SrnOL: HSR:.WB:md On May 28, a visit was made to the Canadian Radium and Uranium Co. of Mt. Kisco, New York, a manufacturer and distributor of radium and polonium products, for the purpose of assisting the New York State Department of Labor in making a

  14. Development of epitaxial AlxSc1-xN for artificially structured metal/semiconductor superlattice metamaterials

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Sands, Timothy D.; Stach, Eric A.; Saha, Bivas; Saber, Sammy; Naik, Gururaj V.; Boltasseva, Alexandra; Kvam, Eric P.

    2015-02-01

    Epitaxial nitride rocksalt metal/semiconductor superlattices are emerging as a novel class of artificially structured materials that have generated significant interest in recent years for their potential application in plasmonic and thermoelectric devices. Though most nitride metals are rocksalt, nitride semiconductors in general have hexagonal crystal structure. We report rocksalt aluminum scandium nitride (Al,Sc)N alloys as the semiconducting component in epitaxial rocksalt metal/semiconductor superlattices. The AlxSc1-xN alloys when deposited directly on MgO substrates are stabilized in a homogeneous rocksalt (single) phase when x < 0.51. Employing 20 nm TiN as a seed layer on MgO substrates, the homogeneity range for stabilizingmore » the rocksalt phase has been extended to x < 0.82 for a 120 nm film. The rocksalt AlxSc1-xN alloys show moderate direct bandgap bowing with a bowing parameter, B = 1.41 ± 0.19 eV. The direct bandgap of metastable rocksalt AlN is extrapolated to be 4.70 ± 0.20 eV. The tunable lattice parameter, bandgap, dielectric permittivity, and electronic properties of rocksalt AlxSc1-xN alloys enable high quality epitaxial rocksalt metal/AlxSc1-xN superlattices with a wide range of accessible metamaterials properties.« less

  15. Key issues of ultraviolet radiation of OH at high altitudes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Yuhuai; Wan, Tian; Jiang, Jianzheng; Fan, Jing

    2014-12-09

    Ultraviolet (UV) emissions radiated by hydroxyl (OH) is one of the fundamental elements in the prediction of radiation signature of high-altitude and high-speed vehicle. In this work, the OH A{sup 2}?{sup +}?X{sup 2}? ultraviolet emission band behind the bow shock is computed under the experimental condition of the second bow-shock ultraviolet flight (BSUV-2). Four related key issues are discussed, namely, the source of hydrogen element in the high-altitude atmosphere, the formation mechanism of OH species, efficient computational algorithm of trace species in rarefied flows, and accurate calculation of OH emission spectra. Firstly, by analyzing the typical atmospheric model, the vertical distributions of the number densities of different species containing hydrogen element are given. According to the different dominating species containing hydrogen element, the atmosphere is divided into three zones, and the formation mechanism of OH species is analyzed in the different zones. The direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method and the Navier-Stokes equations are employed to compute the number densities of the different OH electronically and vibrationally excited states. Different to the previous work, the trace species separation (TSS) algorithm is applied twice in order to accurately calculate the densities of OH species and its excited states. Using a non-equilibrium radiation model, the OH ultraviolet emission spectra and intensity at different altitudes are computed, and good agreement is obtained with the flight measured data.

  16. Stellar signatures of AGN-jet-triggered star formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dugan, Zachary; Silk, Joseph; Bryan, Sarah; Gaibler, Volker; Haas, Marcel

    2014-12-01

    To investigate feedback between relativistic jets emanating from active galactic nuclei and the stellar population of the host galaxy, we analyze the long-term evolution of the orbits of the stars formed in the galaxy-scale simulations by Gaibler et al. of jets in massive, gas-rich galaxies at z ? 2-3. We find strong, jet-induced differences in the resulting stellar populations of galaxies that host relativistic jets and galaxies that do not, including correlations in stellar locations, velocities, and ages. Jets are found to generate distributions of increased radial and vertical velocities that persist long enough to effectively augment the stellar structure of the host. The jets cause the formation of bow shocks that move out through the disk, generating rings of star formation within the disk. The bow shock often accelerates pockets of gas in which stars form, yielding populations of stars with significant radial and vertical velocities, some of which have large enough velocities to escape the galaxy. These stellar population signatures can serve to identify past jet activity as well as jet-induced star formation.

  17. Modeling the effect of glacier recession on streamflow response using a coupled glacio-hydrological model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Naz, Bibi S [ORNL] [ORNL; Frans, Chris [University of Washington, Seattle] [University of Washington, Seattle; Clarke, Garry [University of British Columbia, Vancouver] [University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Burns, [Watershed Sciences Inc. (WSI), Portland] [Watershed Sciences Inc. (WSI), Portland; Lettenmaier, Dennis [University of Washington, Seattle] [University of Washington, Seattle

    2014-01-01

    We describe an integrated spatially distributed hydrologic and glacier dynamic model, and use it to investigate the effect of glacier recession on streamflow variations for the Upper Bow River basin, a tributary of the South Saskatchewan River. Several recent studies have suggested that observed decreases in summer flows in the South Saskatchewan River are partly due to the retreat of glaciers in the river's headwaters. Modeling the effect of glacier changes on streamflow response in river basins such as the South Saskatchewan is complicated due to the inability of most existing physically-based distributed hydrologic models to represent glacier dynamics. We compare predicted variations in glacier extent, snow water equivalent and streamflow discharge made with the integrated model with satellite estimates of glacier area and terminus position, observed streamflow and snow water equivalent measurements over the period of 1980 2007. Simulations with the coupled hydrology-glacier model reduce the uncertainty in streamflow predictions. Our results suggested that on average, the glacier melt contribution to the Bow River flow upstream of Lake Louise is about 30% in summer. For warm and dry years, however, the glacier melt contribution can be as large as 50% in August, whereas for cold years, it can be as small as 20% and the timing of glacier melt signature can be delayed by a month.

  18. Stress-induced piezoelectric field in GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tawfik, Wael Z.; Hyeon, Gil Yong; Lee, June Key

    2014-10-28

    We investigated the influence of the built-in piezoelectric field induced by compressive stress on the characteristics of GaN-based 450-nm light-emitting diodes (LEDs) prepared on sapphire substrates of different thicknesses. As the sapphire substrate thickness was reduced, the compressive stress in the GaN layer was released, resulting in wafer bowing. The wafer bowing-induced mechanical stress altered the piezoelectric field, which in turn reduced the quantum confined Stark effect in the InGaN/GaN active region of the LED. The flat-band voltage was estimated by measuring the applied bias voltage that induced a 180 phase shift in the electro-reflectance (ER) spectrum. The piezoelectric field estimated by the ER spectra changed by ?110?kV/cm. The electroluminescence spectral peak wavelength was blue-shifted, and the internal quantum efficiency was improved by about 22% at a high injection current of 100?mA. The LED on the 60-?m-thick sapphire substrate exhibited the highest light output power of ?59?mW at an injection current of 100?mA, with the operating voltage unchanged.

  19. TENTATIVE EVIDENCE FOR RELATIVISTIC ELECTRONS GENERATED BY THE JET OF THE YOUNG SUN-LIKE STAR DG Tau

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ainsworth, Rachael E.; Ray, Tom P.; Taylor, Andrew M.; Scaife, Anna M. M.; Green, David A.; Buckle, Jane V.

    2014-09-01

    Synchrotron emission has recently been detected in the jet of a massive protostar, providing further evidence that certain jet formation characteristics for young stars are similar to those found for highly relativistic jets from active galactic nuclei. We present data at 325 and 610MHz taken with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope of the young, low-mass star DG Tau, an analog of the Sun soon after its birth. This is the first investigation of a low-mass young stellar object at such low frequencies. We detect emission with a synchrotron spectral index in the proximity of the DG Tau jet and interpret this emission as a prominent bow shock associated with this outflow. This result provides tentative evidence for the acceleration of particles to relativistic energies due to the shock impact of this otherwise very low-power jet against the ambient medium. We calculate the equipartition magnetic field strength B {sub min} ? 0.11mG and particle energy E {sub min} ? 4 10{sup 40}erg, which are the minimum requirements to account for the synchrotron emission of the DG Tau bow shock. These results suggest the possibility of low energy cosmic rays being generated by young Sun-like stars.

  20. Development of epitaxial AlxSc1-xN for artificially structured metal/semiconductor superlattice metamaterials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sands, Timothy D.; Stach, Eric A.; Saha, Bivas; Saber, Sammy; Naik, Gururaj V.; Boltasseva, Alexandra; Kvam, Eric P.

    2015-02-01

    Epitaxial nitride rocksalt metal/semiconductor superlattices are emerging as a novel class of artificially structured materials that have generated significant interest in recent years for their potential application in plasmonic and thermoelectric devices. Though most nitride metals are rocksalt, nitride semiconductors in general have hexagonal crystal structure. We report rocksalt aluminum scandium nitride (Al,Sc)N alloys as the semiconducting component in epitaxial rocksalt metal/semiconductor superlattices. The AlxSc1-xN alloys when deposited directly on MgO substrates are stabilized in a homogeneous rocksalt (single) phase when x < 0.51. Employing 20 nm TiN as a seed layer on MgO substrates, the homogeneity range for stabilizing the rocksalt phase has been extended to x < 0.82 for a 120 nm film. The rocksalt AlxSc1-xN alloys show moderate direct bandgap bowing with a bowing parameter, B = 1.41 0.19 eV. The direct bandgap of metastable rocksalt AlN is extrapolated to be 4.70 0.20 eV. The tunable lattice parameter, bandgap, dielectric permittivity, and electronic properties of rocksalt AlxSc1-xN alloys enable high quality epitaxial rocksalt metal/AlxSc1-xN superlattices with a wide range of accessible metamaterials properties.

  1. Simulation of industrial coking -- Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Todoschuk, T.W.; Price, J.T.; Gransden, J.F.

    1997-12-31

    Two statistically designed experimental programs using an Appalachian and a Western Canadian coal blend were run in CANMET`s 460mm (18 inch) movable wall oven. Factors included coal grind, moisture, oil addition, carbonization rate and final coke temperature. Coke quality parameters including CSR, coal charge characteristics and pressure generation were analyzed.

  2. Partnership connects North America NGL markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bodenhamer, K.

    1998-12-31

    The United States and Canadian NGL/LPG pipeline network became a larger North America system on April 2, 1997 with the opening of the Rio Grande Pipeline, delivering LPG from the United States to Mexico. This North American pipeline system now links three of the world`s largest LPG producing and consuming nations.

  3. EIS-0103: New England/Hydro-Quebec 450-kV Direct Current Transmission Line Interconnection

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Economic Regulatory Administration prepared this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of the construction, maintenance, and operation of a 57-mile transmission line from Monroe, New Hampshire, to the U.S./Canadian border for the purpose of economic exchange of power and increased reliability. Phase 2 of this project is detailed in EIS-0129.

  4. EIS-0447: Champlain Hudson Power Express Transmission Line Project, New York

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS evaluated the potential environmental impacts of a DOE proposal to grant a Presidential permit to Champlain Hudson Power Express, Inc., to construct, operate, maintain, and connect a new 1000-megawatt (MW) electric transmission system across the U.S.-Canada border in northeastern New York State. The proposed transmission line would run from the Canadian Province of Quebec to New York City.

  5. untitled

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    e R iv er Federal Dam Non-Federal Dam Canadian Dam Columbia River Basin Majo r Dam s Within Co lu mb ia Rive r B as in P a c i f i c O c e a n 0 50 100 25 Miles 0 100 50 Kilometers...

  6. PP-13 Federal Power Commission | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3 Federal Power Commission PP-13 Federal Power Commission Presidential permit authorizing Federal Power Commission to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-13 Federal Power Commission More Documents & Publications PP-230-3 International Transmission Company PP-18 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc PP-23 Netley Corporation

  7. PP-18 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc PP-18 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc Presidential permit authorizing Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-18 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc More Documents & Publications PP-230-3 International Transmission Company PP-23 Netley Corporation PP-13 Federal Power Commission

  8. PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Limited PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited More Documents & Publications PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited, Amendment 1957

  9. PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited, Amendment 1957 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Limited, Amendment 1957 PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited, Amendment 1957 Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited More Documents & Publications PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited

  10. PP-230-1 International Transmission Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 International Transmission Company PP-230-1 International Transmission Company Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-230-1 International Transmission Company More Documents & Publications PP-230-2 International Transmission Company PP-230 International Transmission Company PP-221 Detroit Edison Company

  11. DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf PDF icon DOE_Technology_TF_Final-Jun.pdf More Documents & Publications 1703 Process Letter QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association Behavioral Opportunities for Energy Savings in Office Buildings: a London Field Experiment

  12. Coal mine directory: United States and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2004-07-01

    The directory gives a state-by-state listing of all US and Canadian coal producers. It contains contact information as well as the type of mine, production statistics, coal composition, transportation methods etc. A statistical section provides general information about the US coal industry, preparation plants, and longwall mining operations.

  13. EIS-0079: 300-kV International Submarine Transmission Line- Erie, Pennsylvania to Nanticoke, Ontario, Canada General Public Utilities Corporation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Emergency Operations developed this statement to assess the potential environmental and socioeconomic impacts of the construction and operation of 44 miles of cable between the Erie West Substation and the Canadian border.

  14. Computational Advances in Applied Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Computational Advances in Applied Energy Computational Advances in Applied Energy PDF icon Friedmann-LLNL-SEAB.10.11.pdf More Documents & Publications Director's Perspective by George Miller Fact Sheet: Collaboration of Oak Ridge, Argonne, and Livermore (CORAL) QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association

  15. Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Department of Energy PDF icon Wind Forecast Improvement Project Southern Study Area Final Report.pdf More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of Edison Electric Institute (EEI) 1 QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association QER - Comment of Edison Electric Institute (EEI) 2

  16. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-08-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling systemmore » has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.« less

  17. Grain Handling and Transportation Policy in Canada: Implications for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, James; Peterson, Steven K

    2015-01-01

    The grain handling and transportation system in Canada (GHTS) is currently going through a major transition, both with respect to handling and transportation. Historically, the system has pitted farmers against the railways with respect to securing individual fair shares of grain revenues. But with the removal of the single desk marketing and logistics function of the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) in late 2012, a very interesting and potentially game-changing outcome is emerging with respect to the new functionality of the grain companies in the Canadian system. While historical awareness of rail s natural monopoly position in the grain handling system has kept that sector regulated (in several ways) for close to a century, we are now starting to see the effects of a less than competitive Canadian grain handling sector on revenue sharing, along with renewed movement in the industry with respect to buyouts and potential mergers. This overview will highlight some of the changes now occurring and how they are potentially going to interact or evolve as the system moves forward. For example, the on-going regulatory instrument used to regulate grain transportation rates in Canada (called the maximum revenue entitlement (MRE) or revenue cap) is under current debate because of the introduction a few months ago of a modification to an old regulatory instrument known as extended (or reciprocal) interswitching. As opposed to the revenue cap which is a direct intervention on monopoly behavior, extended interswitching is designed to encourage the major Canadian grain carriers to compete with one another and potentially seek out new traffic (Nolan and Skotheim, 2008). But the most intriguing aspect of extended interswitching is how it might allow a major rail carrier from the U.S. to solicit grain traffic in some areas of the Canadian grain transportation system.

  18. Ordinary mode instability associated with thermal ring distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadi, F.; Qamar, A.; Yoon, P. H.

    2015-02-15

    The purely growing ordinary (O) mode instability driven by excessive parallel temperature anisotropy has recently received renewed attention owing to its potential applicability to the solar wind plasma. Previous studies of O mode instability have assumed either bi-Maxwellian or counter-streaming velocity distributions. For solar wind plasma trapped in magnetic mirror-like geometry such as magnetic clouds or in the vicinity of the Earth's collisionless bow shock environment, however, the velocity distribution function may possess a loss-cone feature. The O-mode instability in such a case may be excited for cyclotron harmonics as well as the purely growing branch. The present paper investigates the O-mode instability for plasmas characterized by the parallel Maxwellian distribution and perpendicular thermal ring velocity distribution in order to understand the general stability characteristics.

  19. Ceramic vane drive joint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Smale, Charles H. (Indianapolis, IN)

    1981-01-01

    A variable geometry gas turbine has an array of ceramic composition vanes positioned by an actuating ring coupled through a plurality of circumferentially spaced turbine vane levers to the outer end of a metallic vane drive shaft at each of the ceramic vanes. Each of the ceramic vanes has an end slot of bow tie configuration including flared end segments and a center slot therebetween. Each of the vane drive shafts has a cross head with ends thereof spaced with respect to the sides of the end slot to define clearance for free expansion of the cross head with respect to the vane and the cross head being configured to uniformly distribute drive loads across bearing surfaces of the vane slot.

  20. THE VERY UNUSUAL INTERPLANETARY CORONAL MASS EJECTION OF 2012 JULY 23: A BLAST WAVE MEDIATED BY SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russell, C. T.; Mewaldt, R. A.; Cohen, C. M. S.; Leske, R. A.; Luhmann, J. G.; Mason, G. M.; Von Rosenvinge, T. T.; Gomez-Herrero, R.; Klassen, A.; Galvin, A. B.; Simunac, K. D. C.

    2013-06-10

    The giant, superfast, interplanetary coronal mass ejection, detected by STEREO A on 2012 July 23, well away from Earth, appears to have reached 1 AU with an unusual set of leading bow waves resembling in some ways a subsonic interaction, possibly due to the high pressures present in the very energetic particles produced in this event. Eventually, a front of record high-speed flow reached STEREO. The unusual behavior of this event is illustrated using the magnetic field, plasma, and energetic ion observations obtained by STEREO. Had the Earth been at the location of STEREO, the large southward-oriented magnetic field component in the event, combined with its high speed, would have produced a record storm.

  1. Structural and electronic properties of Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x} binary semiconducting alloys under the effect of temperature and pressure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Degheidy, A. R.; Elkenany, E. B.

    2013-10-15

    Based on the empirical pseudo-potential method which incorporates compositional disorder as an effective potential, the band structure of Si{sub 1-x}Ge{sub x} alloy are calculated for different alloy composition x. The effect of temperature and pressure on the electronic band structure of the considered alloy has been studied. Monotonic decreasing and increasing functions are obtained for the temperature and pressure dependent form factors respectively. Some physical quantities as band gaps, bowing parameters, and the refractive index of the considered alloy with different Ge concentration and under the effect of temperature and pressure are calculated. The results obtained are found in good agreement with the experimental and published data.

  2. A solar type II radio burst from coronal mass ejection-coronal ray interaction: Simultaneous radio and extreme ultraviolet imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Yao; Du, Guohui; Feng, Shiwei; Kong, Xiangliang; Wang, Bing; Feng, Li; Guo, Fan; Li, Gang

    2014-05-20

    Simultaneous radio and extreme ultraviolet (EUV)/white-light imaging data are examined for a solar type II radio burst occurring on 2010 March 18 to deduce its source location. Using a bow-shock model, we reconstruct the three-dimensional EUV wave front (presumably the type-II-emitting shock) based on the imaging data of the two Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory spacecraft. It is then combined with the Nanay radio imaging data to infer the three-dimensional position of the type II source. It is found that the type II source coincides with the interface between the coronal mass ejection (CME) EUV wave front and a nearby coronal ray structure, providing evidence that the type II emission is physically related to the CME-ray interaction. This result, consistent with those of previous studies, is based on simultaneous radio and EUV imaging data for the first time.

  3. Coatings on reflective mask substrates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tong, William Man-Wai (Oakland, CA); Taylor, John S. (Livermore, CA); Hector, Scott D. (Oakland, CA); Mangat, Pawitter J. S. (Gilbert, AZ); Stivers, Alan R. (San Jose, CA); Kofron, Patrick G. (San Jose, CA); Thompson, Matthew A. (Austin, TX)

    2002-01-01

    A process for creating a mask substrate involving depositing: 1) a coating on one or both sides of a low thermal expansion material EUVL mask substrate to improve defect inspection, surface finishing, and defect levels; and 2) a high dielectric coating, on the backside to facilitate electrostatic chucking and to correct for any bowing caused by the stress imbalance imparted by either other deposited coatings or the multilayer coating of the mask substrate. An film, such as TaSi, may be deposited on the front side and/or back of the low thermal expansion material before the material coating to balance the stress. The low thermal expansion material with a silicon overlayer and a silicon and/or other conductive underlayer enables improved defect inspection and stress balancing.

  4. Collisionless Weibel shocks: Full formation mechanism and timing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bret, A. [ETSI Industriales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain); Instituto de Investigaciones Energticas y Aplicaciones Industriales, Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain); Stockem, A. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fuso Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tcnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon (Portugal); Institut fr Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik, Ruhr-Universitt Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany); Narayan, R. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, MS-51 Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Silva, L. O. [GoLP/Instituto de Plasmas e Fuso Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tcnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon (Portugal)

    2014-07-15

    Collisionless shocks in plasmas play an important role in space physics (Earth's bow shock) and astrophysics (supernova remnants, relativistic jets, gamma-ray bursts, high energy cosmic rays). While the formation of a fluid shock through the steepening of a large amplitude sound wave has been understood for long, there is currently no detailed picture of the mechanism responsible for the formation of a collisionless shock. We unravel the physical mechanism at work and show that an electromagnetic Weibel shock always forms when two relativistic collisionless, initially unmagnetized, plasma shells encounter. The predicted shock formation time is in good agreement with 2D and 3D particle-in-cell simulations of counterstreaming pair plasmas. By predicting the shock formation time, experimental setups aiming at producing such shocks can be optimised to favourable conditions.

  5. Thermodynamic properties of mesoscale convective systems observed during BAMEX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Correia, James; Arritt, R.

    2008-11-01

    Dropsonde observations from the Bow-echo and Mesoscale convective vortex EXperiment (BAMEX) are used to document the spatio-temporal variability of temperature, moisture and wind within mesoscale convective systems (MCSs). Onion type sounding structures are found throughout the stratiform region of MCSs but the temperature and moisture variability is large. Composite soundings were constructed and statistics of thermodynamic variability were generated within each sub-region of the MCS. The calculated air vertical velocity helped identify subsaturated downdrafts. We found that lapse rates within the cold pool varied markedly throughout the MCS. Layered wet bulb potential temperature profiles seem to indicate that air within the lowest several km comes from a variety of source regions. We also found that lapse rate transitions across the 0 C level were more common than isothermal, melting layers. We discuss the implications these findings have and how they can be used to validate future high resolution numerical simulations of MCSs.

  6. Optical and quantum efficiency analysis of (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se2 absorber layers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyle, Jonathan; Hanket, Gregory; Shafarman, William

    2009-06-09

    (Ag,Cu)(In,Ga)Se2 thin films have been deposited by elemental co-evaporation over a wide range of compositions and their optical properties characterized by transmission and reflection measurements and by relative shift analysis of quantum efficiency device measurements. The optical bandgaps were determined by performing linear fits of (?h?)2 vs. h?, and the quantum efficiency bandgaps were determined by relative shift analysis of device curves with fixed Ga/(In+Ga) composition, but varying Ag/(Cu+Ag) composition. The determined experimental optical bandgap ranges of the Ga/(In+Ga) = 0.31, 0.52, and 0.82 groups, with Ag/(Cu+Ag) ranging from 0 to 1, were 1.19-1.45 eV, 1.32-1.56 eV, and 1.52-1.76 eV, respectively. The optical bowing parameter of the different Ga/(In+Ga) groups was also determined.

  7. Nanoeletromechanical switch and logic circuits formed therefrom

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nordquist, Christopher D. (Albuquerque, NM); Czaplewski, David A. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2010-05-18

    A nanoelectromechanical (NEM) switch is formed on a substrate with a source electrode containing a suspended electrically-conductive beam which is anchored to the substrate at each end. This beam, which can be formed of ruthenium, bows laterally in response to a voltage applied between a pair of gate electrodes and the source electrode to form an electrical connection between the source electrode and a drain electrode located near a midpoint of the beam. Another pair of gate electrodes and another drain electrode can be located on an opposite side of the beam to allow for switching in an opposite direction. The NEM switch can be used to form digital logic circuits including NAND gates, NOR gates, programmable logic gates, and SRAM and DRAM memory cells which can be used in place of conventional CMOS circuits, or in combination therewith.

  8. Nondestructive examination of 51 fuel and reflector elements from Fort St. Vrain Core Segment 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, C.M.; Saurwein, J.J.

    1980-12-01

    Fifty-one fuel and reflector elements irradiated in core segment 1 of the Fort St. Vrain High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) were inspected dimensionally and visually in the Hot Service Facility at Fort St. Vrain in July 1979. Time- and volume-averaged graphite temperatures for the examined fuel elements ranged from approx. 400/sup 0/ to 750/sup 0/C. Fast neutron fluences varied from approx. 0.3 x 10/sup 25/ n/m/sup 2/ to 1.0 x 10/sup 25/ n/m/sup 2/ (E > 29 fJ)/sub HTGR/. Nearly all of the examined elements shrank in both axial and radial dimensions. The measured data were compared with strain and bow predictions obtained from SURVEY/STRESS, a computer code that employs viscoelastic beam theory to calculate stresses and deformations in HTGR fuel elements.

  9. Monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, ultra-thin, strain-counterbalanced, photovoltaic energy converters with optimal subcell bandgaps

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wanlass, Mark W. (Golden, CO); Mascarenhas, Angelo (Lakewood, CO)

    2012-05-08

    Modeling a monolithic, multi-bandgap, tandem, solar photovoltaic converter or thermophotovoltaic converter by constraining the bandgap value for the bottom subcell to no less than a particular value produces an optimum combination of subcell bandgaps that provide theoretical energy conversion efficiencies nearly as good as unconstrained maximum theoretical conversion efficiency models, but which are more conducive to actual fabrication to achieve such conversion efficiencies than unconstrained model optimum bandgap combinations. Achieving such constrained or unconstrained optimum bandgap combinations includes growth of a graded layer transition from larger lattice constant on the parent substrate to a smaller lattice constant to accommodate higher bandgap upper subcells and at least one graded layer that transitions back to a larger lattice constant to accommodate lower bandgap lower subcells and to counter-strain the epistructure to mitigate epistructure bowing.

  10. Magnetospheric structure and atmospheric Joule heating of habitable planets orbiting M-dwarf stars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, O.; Drake, J. J.; Garraffo, C.; Poppenhaeger, K.; Glocer, A.; Ridley, A. J.; Gombosi, T. I.

    2014-07-20

    We study the magnetospheric structure and the ionospheric Joule Heating of planets orbiting M-dwarf stars in the habitable zone using a set of magnetohydrodynamic models. The stellar wind solution is used to drive a model for the planetary magnetosphere, which is coupled with a model for the planetary ionosphere. Our simulations reveal that the space environment around close-in habitable planets is extreme, and the stellar wind plasma conditions change from sub- to super-Alfvnic along the planetary orbit. As a result, the magnetospheric structure changes dramatically with a bow shock forming in the super-Alfvnic sectors, while no bow shock forms in the sub-Alfvnic sectors. The planets reside most of the time in the sub-Alfvnic sectors with poor atmospheric protection. A significant amount of Joule Heating is provided at the top of the atmosphere as a result of the intense stellar wind. For the steady-state solution, the heating is about 0.1%-3% of the total incoming stellar irradiation, and it is enhanced by 50% for the time-dependent case. The significant Joule Heating obtained here should be considered in models for the atmospheres of habitable planets in terms of the thickness of the atmosphere, the top-side temperature and density, the boundary conditions for the atmospheric pressure, and particle radiation and transport. Here we assume constant ionospheric Pedersen conductance similar to that of the Earth. The conductance could be greater due to the intense EUV radiation leading to smaller heating rates. We plan to quantify the ionospheric conductance in future study.

  11. DISCOVERY OF A FAINT X-RAY COUNTERPART AND A PARSEC-LONG X-RAY TAIL FOR THE MIDDLE-AGED, {gamma}-RAY-ONLY PULSAR PSR J0357+3205

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De Luca, A.; Bignami, G. F.; Marelli, M.; Caraveo, P. A.; Mignani, R. P.; Hummel, W.; Collins, S.; Shearer, A.; Parkinson, P. M. Saz; Belfiore, A.

    2011-06-01

    The Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope opened a new era for pulsar astronomy, detecting {gamma}-ray pulsations from more than 60 pulsars, {approx}40% of which are not seen at radio wavelengths. One of the most interesting sources discovered by LAT is PSR J0357+3205, a radio-quiet, middle-aged ({tau}{sub C} {approx} 0.5 Myr) pulsar standing out for its very low spin-down luminosity (E-dot{sub rot}{approx}6x10{sup 33} erg s{sup -1}), indeed the lowest among non-recycled {gamma}-ray pulsars. A deep X-ray observation with Chandra (0.5-10 keV), coupled with sensitive optical/infrared ground-based images of the field, allowed us to identify PSR J0357+3205 as a faint source with a soft spectrum, consistent with a purely non-thermal emission (photon index {Gamma} = 2.53 {+-} 0.25). The absorbing column (N{sub H} = 8 {+-} 4 x 10{sup 20} cm{sup -2}) is consistent with a distance of a few hundred parsecs. Moreover, the Chandra data unveiled a huge (9 arcmin long) extended feature apparently protruding from the pulsar. Its non-thermal X-ray spectrum points to synchrotron emission from energetic particles from the pulsar wind, possibly similar to other elongated X-ray tails associated with rotation-powered pulsars and explained as bow-shock pulsar wind nebulae (PWNe). However, energetic arguments as well as the peculiar morphology of the diffuse feature associated with PSR J0357+3205 make the bow-shock PWN interpretation rather challenging.

  12. CuAl{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}Se{sub 2} thin films for photovoltaic applications: Optical and compositional analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lpez-Garca, J.; Maffiotte, C.; Guilln, C.; Herrero, J.

    2013-03-15

    Highlights: ? Wide band gap CAGS thin films have been obtained by selenization of evaporated metallic precursors. ? Direct nonlinear dependence of the band gap energy with the Al/(Al + Ga) ratio is found. ? The bowing parameter decreases when the CAGS film thickness increases. ? The Cu at% remains constant in depth, together with some Al, Ga and Se gradients. ? Surface is strongly oxidized but the oxidation is relatively low in bulk. - Abstract: Wide-band gap chalcopyrite semiconductors have a great interest due to their potential application in multi-junction thin film solar cells or as window layers. Polycrystalline CuAl{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}Se{sub 2} (CAGS) thin films have been prepared by selenization of evaporated metallic precursor layers on bare and Mo-coated soda lime glass substrates. The optical properties of CAGS films of 2 thicknesses have been analyzed by spectrophotometry in the visible-infrared (VIS-IR) and the compositional characteristics have been studied by energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDAX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The optical transmission increases and the band gap energy shifts toward higher values as the Al content increases, which indicates the partial substitution of Ga by Al. The dependence of the band gap with the composition has resulted to be nonlinear and a bowing parameter of b = 0.62 and b = 0.54 for 0.6 ?m and 1.1 ?m-CAGS samples, respectively, has been obtained. XPS data have shown an Al, Ga and Se composition gradient in depth and a surface strongly oxidized. However, XPS reveals that the Cu composition remains constant in depth and the oxidation is relatively low in bulk increasing slightly in the interface with Mo/SLG. Moreover, samples with high Al content reveal a higher contribution of CuO in depth.

  13. Locus heterogeneity in autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia: Evidence for the existence of a fifth locus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sarrazin, J.; Rouleau, G.A.; Andermann, E.

    1994-09-01

    The autosomal dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders. To date, four loci have been identified: the SCA-1 locus (on chromosome (chr) 6p), the SCA-2 locus (on chr 12q), the SCA-3/MJD locus (on chr 14q), and more recently an SCA-4 locus was described (chr 16q) in a Utah kindred. We have studied one large French Canadian kindred with four generations of living affected individuals segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. Linkage analysis using anonymous DNA markers which flank the four previously described loci significantly excludes the French Canadian kindred from the SCA-1, SCA-2, SCA-3/MJD and SCA-4 loci. Therefore a fifth, still unmapped, SCA locus remains to be identified.

  14. Yacyreta hydroelectric project contract signed

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-09-01

    On June 26, 1987 the $270 million contract for the supply of 20 large hydraulic turbines for the Yacyreta Hydroelectric Project was signed by the Entidad Binacional Yacyreta, (a binational agency created by the governments of Argentina and Paraguay for the development of Yacyreta), and by Voith Hydro, Inc., of York, Pennsylvania, and Canadian General Electric of Montreal, Canada. Under the terms of the contract, 9 turbine units will be supplied by Voith Hydro, Inc. from its York, Pennsylvania plant, 4 units by Canadian General Electric of Montreal, and 7 units by Metanac, a consortium of Argentine manufacturers, who will utilize technology and technical assistance from Voith and CGE. The Yacyreta Project is being built on the Parana River on the border between Argentina and Paraguay. Construction at the site commenced in late 1983. Voith's portion of this contrast represents approximately $130 million dollars worth of business for its York, Pennsylvania facility.

  15. U.S. pipelines continue gains into 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1996-11-25

    US interstate natural gas, crude oil, and petroleum product pipelines turned in health performances for 1995, continuing impressive efficiency improvements that were evident in 1994. Revenues and incomes earned from operations along with volumes moved are among data annually submitted to FERC and tracked by Oil and Gas Journal year to year in this exclusive report. This year`s report expands coverage of plans for new construction and completed-cost figures by including Canadian activity for the same 12-month period: July 1, 1995, to June 30, 1996. The paper includes data on the following: pipeline revenues, incomes--1995; North American pipeline costs, estimated; US pipeline costs, estimated vs. actual; North American compressor-construction costs; US compressor costs, estimated vs. actual; Canadian pipeline construction costs, actual; US interstate mileage; investment in liquids pipelines; 10 years of land construction costs; to 10 interstate liquids lines; top 10 interstate gas lines; liquids pipeline companies; and gas pipeline companies.

  16. SREL Reprint #3344

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    4 Recoveries of Ring-necked Ducks banded on the U.S. Department of Energy's Savannah River Site, South Carolina Robert A. Kennamer University of Georgia, Savannah River Ecology Laboratory, P.O. Drawer E, Aiken, South Carolina 29802 Introduction: Each year the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Canadian Wildlife Service and state and provincial wildlife management agencies band about 300,000 migratory game birds (USFWS 2001). These management agencies, ornithological institutions, researchers,

  17. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Comparison of Atmospheric Clear-sky Shortwave Radiation Models to Collocated Satellite and Surface Measurements in Canada Jing, X., and Cess, R.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook Eighth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Measurements of the top of the atmosphere (TOA) reflected shortwave radiation from the Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS) have been collocated with surface insolation measurements made at 24 Canadian stations located below 57 degrees

  18. Presidential Permit Holders - Annual Reports | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Permit Holders - Annual Reports Presidential Permit Holders - Annual Reports Presidential permit holders are responsible for reporting the gross amount electric energy which flows into and out of the United States over the permitted international transmission facility regardless if the energy is wheeled to or for another entity. For example, utility A receives a Presidential permit for a single international transmission line across the U.S.-Canadian border. During the calendar year just

  19. Readout of Secretary Chu's Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and Climate

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Partnership of the Americas | Department of Energy Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas Readout of Secretary Chu's Bilateral Meetings at the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas April 16, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis In connection with today's Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas, Energy Secretary Steven Chu hosted three bilateral meetings. He met with Canadian Minister of Natural Resources Christian Paradis and discussed a range of energy

  20. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Midwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-six interstate and at least eight intrastate natural gas pipeline companies operate within the Midwest Region (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin). The principal sources of natural gas supply for the

  1. EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Northeast Region

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Northeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Northeast Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty interstate natural gas pipeline systems operate within the Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and West Virginia). These

  2. Nineteenth oil shale symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, J.H.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 23 selections. Some of the titles are: Effects of maturation on hydrocarbon recoveries from Canadian oil shale deposits; Dust and pressure generated during commercial oil shale mine blasting: Part II; The petrosix project in Brazil - An update; Pathway of some trace elements during fluidized-bed combustion of Israeli Oil Shale; and Decommissioning of the U.S. Department of Energy Anvil Points Oil Shale Research Facility.

  3. EA-98-I Western Systems Power Pool | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    I Western Systems Power Pool EA-98-I Western Systems Power Pool Order authorizing Western Systems Power Pool to export electric energy to Canada. PDF icon EA-98-I Western Systems Power Pool More Documents & Publications Application to Export Electric Energy OE Docket No. EA-216-C TransAlta Energy Marketing (U.S) Inc . Canadian Electrical Association Comments EA-98-K Western Systems Power Pool EA-098

  4. Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians- 2003 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, located in the northwest corner of Minnesota near the Canadian border, will assess the potential to expand the use of biomass resources for energy autonomy and economic development on tribal lands. Specifically, the tribe will evaluate the technical, market, financial, and cultural aspects of using its extensive, forested lands to create a sustainable bioproducts-based business and will develop a business plan to guide tribal industry development.

  5. DOE WEEKLY REPORT

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    February 20, 2009 The following program office did not submit a Weekly Report for this time period: Energy Information Administration BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION WEEKLY REPORT February 20, 2009 Schedule February 25: The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Administrator Steve Wright is Chairman of the United States Entity for the Columbia River Treaty. The United States Army Corps of Engineers makes the other component of the United States Entity. Each year, the Canadian and United States

  6. PP-177 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc PP-177 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc Presidential Permit authorizing Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-177 Burke-Divide Electirc Cooperative, Inc More Documents & Publications EA-177 Burke-Divide Electric Cooperative, Inc Proposed Open Access Requirement for International Electric Transmission Facilities and Delegation to the

  7. PP-190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation PP-190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Presidential permit authorizing Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilitates at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-190 Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation More Documents & Publications PP-230-2 International Transmission Company Proposed Open Access Requirement for International Electric Transmission Facilities and Delegation to the Federal Energy Regulatory

  8. PP-20-1 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    20-1 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc PP-20-1 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc Presidential permit authorizing Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc to construct, operate and maintain electric transmision facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-20-1 Eastern Maine Electric Cooperative Inc More Documents & Publications PP-18 Glacier Electric Cooperative, Inc PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967 PP-230-3

  9. PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967 |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Department of Energy Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967 PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority, Amendment 1967 Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmision facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-22 British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority More Documents & Publications PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited, Amendment 1957 PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company,

  10. PP-22-1 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited PP-22-1 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited Presidential permit authorizing British Columbia Electric Company, Limited to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-22-1 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited More Documents & Publications PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited PP-22 British Columbia Electric Company, Limited, Amendment 1957 PP-22-4 British Columbia

  11. PP-230 International Transmission Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    International Transmission Company PP-230 International Transmission Company Presidential permit authorizing International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-230 International Transmission Company More Documents & Publications PP-230-2 International Transmission Company Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Federal Register Notice Volume 74,

  12. PP-230-2 International Transmission Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2 International Transmission Company PP-230-2 International Transmission Company Presidential permit authorizing International Transmission Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-230-2 International Transmission Company More Documents & Publications PP-230 International Transmission Company Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Federal Register Notice Volume

  13. PP-231 Northern States Power Company | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1 Northern States Power Company PP-231 Northern States Power Company Presidential permit authorizing Northern States Power Company to construct, operate, and maintain electric transmission facilities at the U.S-Canadian border. PDF icon PP-231 Northern States Power Company More Documents & Publications PP-63 Northern States Power Company (NSP) PP-63-4 Northern States Power Company (NSP) PP-63-3 Northern States Power Company (NSP)

  14. Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Experimental Equipment Information There are several major pieces of experimental equipment at ATLAS. These are listed below along with contact information for the system experts: Gammasphere (Mike Carpenter) Fragment Mass Analyzer (Cary Davids or Darek Seweryniak ) Helical Orbit Spectrometer (Birger Back) Enge Split Pole Spectrograph (Ernst Rehm) Canadian Penning Trap (Guy Savard) Large Scattering Chamber (Shaofei Zhu) Atom Trap at ATLAS (Zheng-Tian Lu or Peter Mueller) There are additional

  15. Argonne Physics Division - ATLAS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Proposed ATLAS efficiency and intensity upgrade Guy Savard and Robert V. F. Janssens June 12, 2009 The ATLAS facility is on a constant quest to improve and increase the capabilities it offers to its Users. ATLAS currently provides beams of essentially all stable isotopes at energies in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier. These can be used in conjunction with a suite of state-of-the-art instruments such as Gammasphere, the Fragment Mass Analyzer (FMA), the Canadian Penning Trap mass spectrometer

  16. Jason Cole

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Influence of 3D solar radiative transfer on a "mock-Walker" circulation Jason Cole 1 Howard Barker 2 1 Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis 2 Environment Canada 1. Introduction 4. Physical relationships 3. Mean state 5. Discussion References/Acknowledgements Does 3D, rather than ICA, solar radiative transfer affect conclusions from studies using prescribed sea surface temperatures? * SAM v6.5+solar Monte Carlo model * 150 day integrations over prescribed SST variations *

  17. Project Reports for Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians- 2003 Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, located in the northwest corner of Minnesota near the Canadian border, will assess the potential to expand the use of biomass resources for energy autonomy and economic development on tribal lands. Specifically, the tribe will evaluate the technical, market, financial, and cultural aspects of using its extensive, forested lands to create a sustainable bioproducts-based business and will develop a business plan to guide tribal industry development.

  18. Inaugural JSA Postdoctoral Research Fellow Announced | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Inaugural JSA Postdoctoral Research Fellow Announced NEWPORT NEWS, VA, Feb. 5 - Research that will cast a new spin on particles inside the atomic nucleus has earned a researcher based at Temple University the first-ever JSA Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Brad Sawatzky Brad Sawatzky, a Canadian who earned bachelor's and master's degrees at the University of Saskatchewan and a Ph.D. at the University of Virginia, will

  19. Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through Advanced

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technology Competition | Department of Energy Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition Engaging the Next Generation of Automotive Engineers through Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition The Advanced Vehicle Technology Competition (AVTC) program is an engineering education program managed by Argonne National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy in partnership with Natural Resources Canada and the U.S. and Canadian

  20. California's Clean Energy Future - Where do we go from here? | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Energy Clean Energy Future - Where do we go from here? California's Clean Energy Future - Where do we go from here? Slides presented as part of the Joint Plenary session of the 2011 Annual Merit Review. PDF icon pl001_eggert_joint_plenary_2011_o.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - GSP_Charter.doc Solar Energy Development in the Southwest QER - Comment of Canadian Hydropower Association

  1. CanGEA Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference Presentation - Mapping & Database Workshop

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (GTO) Arlene Anderson, Physical Scientist Lead for Geothermal Data Provision, Resource Mapping and Energy & Water Life Cycle Analysis http://www.eere.energy.gov/geothermal/ data_systems.html Enel Salt Wells - Courtesy of Enel Green Power - North America Canadian Geothermal Energy Association Fifth Annual Geothermal Conference, "Digging Deep" Mapping & Database Workshop March 21, 2013 Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy eere.energy.gov National Geothermal Data System 2 U.S.

  2. 11-03-2010 CA-B-10-0149

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    1-03-2010 CA-B-10-0149 Sandia National Laboratories/California (SNL/CA), proposes to construct and test an antineutrino detector system before eventual deployment at a Canadian commercial nuclear power facility. SNL/CA is collaborating with Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) on this project. ✖ Sandia Site Office Assembly and Testing of Aboveground Antineutrino Detector, Add-On Task Sandia National Laboratories - California LACY,SUSAN DOYLENE 11/03

  3. RegIntlElecTrade_Eng_final.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    North America Regulation of International Electricity Trade prepared by North American Energy Working Group December 2002 2 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEW G) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of

  4. O:ELECTRICEA-98-F.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FE Docket No. EA-98-F Arizona Public Service Company MIECO, Inc. Aquila Power Corporation Montana Power Company Avista Energy, Inc. PP&L, Inc. British Columbia Power Exchange Corp. Pacific Gas & Electric Company Central Louisiana Electric Company Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Citizens Power Sales PacifiCorp CNG Power Service Corporation PanCanadian Energy Services, Inc. Destec Power Services, Inc PECO Energy Company El Paso Electric Company Philbro Inc. Electric

  5. O:ELECTRICORDERSea-98-g.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    FE Docket No. EA-98-G Arizona Public Service Company MIECO, Inc. Aquila Power Corporation Montana Power Company Avista Energy, Inc. PP&L, Inc. British Columbia Power Exchange Corp. Pacific Gas & Electric Company Candela Energy Corporation Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative Central Louisiana Electric Company PacifiCorp Citizens Power Sales PanCanadian Energy Services, Inc CNG Power Service Corporation . PECO Energy Company Destec Power Services, Inc Philbro Inc. El Paso Electric

  6. O:\ELECTRIC\DETROIT\PP-230-2_ord.PDF

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    On April 1, 1999, Ontario Hydro, the provincial utility of Canada's Province of Ontario, by operation of Canadian law, transferred all of its ownership and management interests in the interconnection facilities at the Michigan-Ontario border to a successor corporation, the Ontario Hydro Services Company ("OHSC"). OHSC is now known as "Hydro One". 2 The authority to grant Presidential permits for the construction, operation, maintenance, or connection of electric transmission

  7. 2015 Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Residential Buildings » Zero Energy Ready Home » Student Competition » 2015 Results 2015 Results The 2015 Race to Zero Student Design Competition had 33 teams from 27 U.S. and Canadian universities competing to design cost-effective, zero energy homes for mainstream builders. View a full list of teams. In its second year, the Race to Zero encouraged students to work with builders, developers, community leaders, and other industry partners to meet stringent design requirements and create

  8. Guide to Federal Regulation of Sales of Imported Electricity in Canada, Mexico and the United States - English Version

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    GUIDE TO FEDERAL REGULATION OF SALES OF IMPORTED ELECTRICITY IN CANADA, MEXICO, AND THE UNITED STATES A Publication of The North American Energy Working Group January 2005 1 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEWG) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The NAEWG is led by officials from Natural

  9. Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Marine Climates Guides and Case Studies for Marine Climates Map of the Marine Climate Zone of the United States. This zone contains the far western Pacific coast stretching from the Canadian border to mid-California. The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed a series of best practices and case studies to help builders improve whole-house energy performance in buildings found in marine climates. Best Practice Guides 40% Whole-House Energy Savings in Marine Climate - Volume 11 Optimized Climate

  10. Microsoft Word - Cover Page - Exhibit 10

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    0 Northern Pass Project Area Map of Border Crossing CANADA Northern Pass Transmission LLC is the owner of the U.S. transmission facilities Hydro-Quebec TransEnergie is the owner of the Canadian transmission facilities Border Crossing 45.017820, -71.501217 Vermont Pittsburg Errol Milan Stark Berlin Stratford Bethlehem Odell Carroll Dixville Littleton Success Columbia Clarksville Dummer Jefferson Millsfield Lancaster Jackson Randolph Shelburne Cambridge Franconia Dalton Beans Purchase Colebrook

  11. EIS-0103: Draft Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    3: Draft Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0103: Draft Environmental Impact Statement New England/Hydro-Quebec 450-kV Direct Current Transmission Line Interconnection The Economic Regulatory Administration prepared this statement to evaluate the environmental impacts of the construction, maintenance, and operation of a 57-mile transmission line from Monroe, New Hampshire, to the U.S./Canadian border for the purpose of economic exchange of power and increased reliability. Phase 2 of this project

  12. EIS-0433: Final Environmental Impact Statement | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    3: Final Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0433: Final Environmental Impact Statement Keystone XL Project Summary: The U.S. Department of State has issued the Final EIS for the Keystone XL Project. The proposed action is to construct and operate a crude oil pipeline and related facilities at the international border and continuing into the United States to transport Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin crude oil and other crude oils to a proposed tank farm in Cushing, Oklahoma, and to delivery

  13. Setting boundaries of participation in environmental impact assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salomons, Geoffrey H.; Hoberg, George

    2014-02-15

    Public participation processes are touted as an effective way to increase the capacity and legitimacy of environmental assessment and the regulatory process that rely on them. Recent changes to the Canadian environmental assessment process narrowed the criteria for who can participate in environmental assessments from any who were interested to those who were most directly affected. This article examines the potential consequences of this change by exploring other areas of Canadian regulatory law where a similar directed affected test has been applied. This new standard risks institutionalizing the long-understood representational bias confronted by more diffuse interest like environmental protection. Restricting participation to the directly affected is far too narrow a test for processes like environmental assessment that are designed to determine the public interest. -- Highlights: Public participation can improve the legitimacy of environmental assessments. New Canadian rules narrow the range of eligible participants. Similar rules in Alberta have excluded environmental representation. The new rules may institutionalize bias against more diffuse interests. Restricting participation to the directly affected is far too narrow.

  14. Twenty Years of Underground Research at Canada's URL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chandler, N. A.

    2003-02-27

    Construction of Atomic Energy of Canada Limited's (AECL's) Underground Research Laboratory (URL) began in 1982. The URL was designed to address the needs of the Canadian nuclear fuel waste management program. Over the years, a comprehensive program of geologic characterization and underground hydrogeologic, geotechnical and geomechanical projects have been performed, many of which are ongoing. The scientific work at the URL has evolved through a number of different phases to meet the changing needs of Canada's waste management program. The various phases of the URL have included siting, site evaluation, construction and operation. Collaboration with international organizations is encouraged at the URL, with the facility being a centre of excellence in an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) network of underground facilities. One of AECL's major achievements of the past 20 year program has been the preparation and public defense of a ten-volume Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for a conceptual deep geologic repository. Completion of this dissertation on the characterization, construction and performance modeling of a conceptual repository in the granite rock of the Canadian Shield was largely based on work conducted at the URL. Work conducted over the seven years since public defense of the EIS has been directed towards developing those engineering and performance assessment tools that would be required for implementation of a deep geologic repository. The URL continues to be a very active facility with ongoing experiments and demonstrations performed for a variety of Canadian and international radioactive waste management organizations.

  15. Columbia River Treaty 2014/2024 Review Phase 1 Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-07-01

    Under the Columbia River Treaty (Treaty or CRT) of 1964, Canada and the United States (U.S.) jointly regulate and manage the Columbia River as it flows from British Columbia into the U.S. The Treaty has provided substantial flood control and power generation benefits to both nations. The Treaty established Canadian and U.S. Entities as implementing agents for each government. British Columbia Hydro and Power Authority (BC Hydro) was designated as the Canadian Entity. The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Administrator and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) Division Engineer, Northwestern Division, were designated as the U.S. Entity. The Canadian and U.S. Entities are empowered by their respective governments with broad discretion to implement the existing Columbia River Treaty. They are not, however, authorized to terminate, renegotiate, or otherwise modify the Treaty. In the U.S., authority over international treaties rests with the President, assisted in foreign relations and international negotiations by the Department of State and subject in certain cases to the advice and consent of the U.S. Senate. In Canada, international treaties are within the prerogative of the executive branch of the federal government. Under current policy, treaties are tabled in the House of Commons, and are subject to a waiting period before the executive branch brings the treaty into effect. In the case of the Columbia River Treaty, Canada has assigned certain rights and obligations relating to the Treaty to British Columbia pursuant to the Canada-B.C. Agreement. The Phase 1 report is provided to those respective governmental bodies to support possible independent and/or joint decisions that may be made with respect to the future of the Treaty. The Treaty contains two important provisions that take effect on and after September 16, 2024, that could impact the current power and flood control benefits: 1. Canadian flood control obligations automatically change from a pre-determined annual operation to a Called Upon operation. 2. The year 2024 is the earliest date that either Canada or the U.S. can terminate most of the provisions of the Treaty, with a minimum 10-years advance written notice. Hence, September 16, 2014, is the latest date that either nation could provide notice of intent to terminate and still have the termination effective at its earliest possible date in 2024. While termination would end most Treaty obligations, Called Upon flood control and Libby coordination provisions will continue regardless of termination. However, it is important to note that the Treaty has no end date and absent either country using the termination option will continue indefinitely.

  16. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    F.O.B. a Costs of Imported Crude Oil for Selected Crude Streams (Dollars per Barrel) Year Quarter Month Canadian Lloydminster Iraqi Basrah Light Mexican Mayan Nigerian Qua Iboe Venezuelan Merey 1983 Average .......... 24.54 - 23.99 - - 1984 Average .......... 24.70 - 25.35 - - 1985 Average .......... 23.79 - 24.23 - - 1986 Average .......... 12.77 - 10.93 - - 1987 Average .......... 15.12 - 15.72 - - 1988 Average .......... 11.28 - 11.26 - - 1989 Average .......... W - 14.71 - - 1990 Average

  17. C:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    90:6 (22pp), 2014 July 20 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/790/1/6 C 2014. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. PARAMAGNETIC ALIGNMENT OF SMALL GRAINS: A NOVEL METHOD FOR MEASURING INTERSTELLAR MAGNETIC FIELDS Thiem Hoang 1,2 , A. Lazarian 3 , and P. G. Martin 1 1 Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8, Canada 2 Institut f¨ ur Theoretische Physik, Lehrstuhl IV: Weltraum- und Astrophysik,

  18. A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL in 2016 | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for PPPL in 2016 By John Greenwald July 24, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook A.J. Stewart Smith (Photo by Elle Starkman/Office of Communications) A.J. Stewart Smith Gallery: Smith, second from left, scoring a goal for the Vancouver Carlings during a 1961 Canadian National Lacrosse Championship game. (Photo by Photo courtesy of A.J. Stewart Smith) Smith, second

  19. A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PPPL in 2016 | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab A.J. Stewart Smith to step down as Princeton University vice president for PPPL in 2016 By John Greenwald July 24, 2015 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook A.J. Stewart Smith (Photo by Elle Starkman/Office of Communications) A.J. Stewart Smith Gallery: Smith, second from left, scoring a goal for the Vancouver Carlings during a 1961 Canadian National Lacrosse Championship game. (Photo by Photo courtesy of A.J. Stewart Smith) Smith, second

  20. Tanzania wildcats to evaluate Jurassic Mandawa salt basin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagati, M.

    1996-10-07

    After 5 years of stagnant exploration in East Africa, Canadian independent Tanganyika Oil Co. of Vancouver, B.C., will drill two wildcats in Tanzania to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential of the coastal Jurassic Mandawa salt basin. Mita-1, spudded around Oct. 1, will be drilled to about 7,000 ft, East Lika-1 will be drilled in early December 1996 to approximately 6,000 ft. The two wells will test different structures and play concepts. The paper describes the exploration history, source rock potential, hydrocarbon shows, potential reservoir, and the prospects.

  1. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Retrievals of Vertical Profiles of Cloud Ice Mass and Particle Characteristic Size from MMCR Data Matrosov, S.Y.(a), Heymsfield, A.J.(b), Shupe, M.D.(c), and Korolev, A.V.(d), CIRES, University of Colorado and NOAA ETL (a), NCAR (b), STC (c), Canadian Atmospheric Service (d) Twelfth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting A remote sensing method is proposed for the retrievals of vertical profiles of ice cloud microphysical parameters from ground-based measurements of radar

  2. ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Test of GCM Cloud Parameterization in the Arctic Region Using SHEBA Integrated Dataset Yuan, J.(a), Fu, Q.(a), and McFarlane, N.(b), University of Washington (a), Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (b) Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The CCCMA single-column model (SCM) has been applied to SHEBA year to test and improve the GCM cloud/radiation parameterizations in the Arctic region. The annual cycle simulation has been performed using the

  3. EIS-0164: Pacific Gas Transmission/Pacific Gas and Electric and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Project

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) has prepared the PGT/PG&E and Altamont Natural Gas Pipeline Projects Environmental Impact Statement to satisfy the requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act. This project addresses the need to expand the capacity of the pipeline transmission system to better transfer Canadian natural gas to Southern California and the Pacific Northwest. The U.S. Department of Energy cooperated in the preparation of this statement because Section 19(c) of the Natural Gas Act applies to the Department’s action of authorizing import/export of natural gas, and adopted this statement by the spring of 1992. "

  4. 1

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Synchrophasor Technologies for a Better Grid August 14, 2003 was a typical hot summer day. Across the eastern U.S. air conditioners were humming keeping people cool as they went about their daily activities at home and work. In the afternoon, without warning, a series of power line failures in northern Ohio triggered a cascading set of events that led to the collapse of the grid in eight states and two Canadian provinces. The "Northeast Blackout of 2003" ultimately affected 55 million

  5. Valve, compressor contracts awarded for Western Hemisphere projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-01-19

    Major valve and compressor contracts have been let for projects in the Western Hemisphere. Petrobras has awarded Nuovo Pignone, Florence, a $10.5 million contract to supply 400 valves for the 1,975-mile natural-gas pipeline being constructed from Bolivia into Brazil. Additionally, Brazilian company Maritima Petroleo and TransCanada PipeLines Ltd., Calgary, have awarded Nuovo Pignone separate contracts to supply turbocompressor packages. The Brazilian contract is for offshore Campos Basin; the Canadian, for a major expansion of TCPL`s system delivering natural gas out of Alberta. The paper discusses the Bolivia-Brazil pipeline, compressor orders, and the companies.

  6. DE-AT26-97FT34342 | netl.doe.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Characterizing Arctic Hydrates (Canadian Test Well and Alaskan "Wells of Opportunity") photo of drilling rig at Mallik 2L-38 location Rig at Mallik 2L-38 location courtesy Geological Survey of Canada DE-AT26-97FT34342 Project Goal The purpose of this project is to assess the recoverability and potential production characteristics of the onshore natural gas hydrate and associated free-gas accumulations in the Arctic of North America Performer United States Geological Survey, Denver,

  7. Niagara Air Quality Survey Report, 1987: Occidental Chemical Corporation, Niagara Falls, New York, USA, non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) incineration test. Report no. ARB-166-87-AR/SP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, R.W.; DeBrou, G.

    1988-01-01

    An ambient air quality survey was conducted in the Niagara Falls area of Ontario from October 8-12, 1987 to provide on-site real-time screening for selected polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and other chlorinated organics at times when the Occidental Chemical Corporation was conducting tests at its liquid hazardous waste incineration facility in Niagara Falls, N.Y. During the incineration tests, the winds were such that the gaseous emissions from the Occidental facility were carried into the U.S. Since the monitoring units were restricted to the Canadian side of the Niagara River, only upwind air quality parameters could be measured.

  8. Bonneville Power Administration Overview

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Corrina Ikakoula, Tribal Account Executive DOE Tribal Energy Program Review B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N BPA OVERVIEW B O N N E V I L L E P O W E R A D M I N I S T R A T I O N McNary Dworshak Anderson Ranch Palisades Ice Harbor Grand Coulee Revelstroke Lower Monumental Little Goose John Day The Dalles Minidoka Lower Granite Chandler Rosa Albeni Falls Black Canyon Boise Diversion Mica Keenleyside Duncan BPA Service Area Columbia Basin Federal Dams: Canadian Dams

  9. Proceedings of the 21st DOE/NRC Nuclear Air Cleaning Conference; Sessions 1--8

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    First, M.W.

    1991-02-01

    Separate abstracts have been prepared for the papers presented at the meeting on nuclear facility air cleaning technology in the following specific areas of interest: air cleaning technologies for the management and disposal of radioactive wastes; Canadian waste management program; radiological health effects models for nuclear power plant accident consequence analysis; filter testing; US standard codes on nuclear air and gas treatment; European community nuclear codes and standards; chemical processing off-gas cleaning; incineration and vitrification; adsorbents; nuclear codes and standards; mathematical modeling techniques; filter technology; safety; containment system venting; and nuclear air cleaning programs around the world. (MB)

  10. Asia, North America lead way in growth of NGL, LPG trade

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Otto, K.; Gist, R.; Whitley, C.; Haun, R.

    1998-01-12

    Recent analyses of world NGL trade indicate that important changes in LPG supply and demand are under way in Asia and North America. LPG markets in the 1990s reflect a rapidly shifting balance between East-of-Suez and West-of-Suez markets. This shift has increased concern about availability of future LPG supplies for Asia. The paper discusses world developments, East versus West of Suez, end uses and supplies in Asia, Canadian ethane, propane, butane, and natural gasoline, Mexican ethane, LPG, and natural gasoline, US ethane, propane, butanes, and iso-C{sub 4} and C{sub 5}.

  11. World pipeline construction patterns shifting away from big North American gas lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koen, A.D.; True, W.R.

    1992-02-10

    The pattern of world pipeline construction has begun to shift away from large diameter gas lines in North America. Total miles of gas pipelines planned this year and beyond have registered big increases in Europe and Asia- Pacific regions, more than offsetting decreased mileage of planned U.S. and Canadian gas projects. World products pipeline construction planned in 1992 and beyond shows the largest year to year gain, paced by projects in Latin America. Those are among highlights of this article. Many projects only under study or unlikely to be built are excluded from final mileage tallies.

  12. ARM - PI Product - CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ProductsCCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : CCRS Landcover Maps From Satellite Data The Canadian Centre for Remote Sensing (CCRS) presents several landcover maps over the SGP CART site area (32-40N, 92-102W) derived from satellite data including AVHRR, MODIS, SPOT vegetation data, and Landsat satellite TM imagery

  13. A Porphyrin-Stabilized Iridium Oxide Water Oxidation Catalyst

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A Porphyrin-Stabilized Iridium Oxide Water Oxidation Catalyst Authors: Sherman, B. D., Pillai, S., Kodis, G., Bergkamp, J., Mallouk, T. E., Gust, D., Moore, T. A., and Moore, A. L. Title: A Porphyrin-Stabilized Iridium Oxide Water Oxidation Catalyst Source: Canadian Journal of Chemistry Year: 2011 Volume: 89 Pages: 152-157 ABSTRACT: Colloidal solutions of iridium oxide hydrate (IrO2*nH2O) were formed using porphyrin stabilizers bearing malonate-like functional groups at each of the four meso

  14. Toronto 1986: Ambient air-quality survey in the South Riverdale area, May-June 1986. Report No. ARB-104-87-AQM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bell, R.W.; DeBrou, G.

    1988-01-01

    The objectives of the study were to determine the general air quality parameters in the area and if possible, identify and quantify any malodorous compounds. Because of these objectives, special emphasis was placed on monitoring the ambient air downwind of the following companies: Lever Brothers, Rothsay concentrates, Canadian Oil, Darling Rendering, Colgate-Palmolive, A.R. Clarke and the Metro Sewage Treatment Plant. The survey period extended from May 27 to June 26. This document contains the results of the study, and discusses the findings.

  15. Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities Between the United States and Canada

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities document presents a series of side-by-side tables that describe the U.S. and Canadian regulatory and statutory requirements necessary to site, permit, and construct transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border. It is intended to function as a reference document that can be used by government officials, potential developers, and other stakeholders as a means to understand the permitting requirements in both countries.

  16. Being Relevant in Tough Times: TRIUMF's Five-Year Plan

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Tim, Mayer [TRIUMF

    2010-01-08

    Perhaps better known to the international community than its own neighbors, TRIUMF is Canada's national laboratory for particle and nuclear physics.  Working with the Canadian scientific community, TRIUMF has formulated a new vision to transform the laboratory and deliver a whole new level of performance and impact.  The plan capitalizes on platform technologies (superconducting RF cavities for accelerator physics and radiotracers in nuclear medicine) and exploits Canada's role in ATLAS and the LHC.  I will describe the key elements of the plan and discuss the science-policy landscape in which TRIUMF must make its case.

  17. "Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities between the United States and Canada" Now Available

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability has released the Regulatory Side-by-Side Governing Permitting of Cross-Border Electricity Transmission Facilities between the United States and Canada, which presents a series of side-by-side tables that describe the U.S. and Canadian regulatory and statutory requirements necessary to site, permit, and construct transmission facilities at the U.S. - Canada border. It is intended to function as a reference document that can be used by government officials, potential developers, and other stakeholders as a means to understand the permitting requirements in both countries.

  18. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Feb2011_final_rh.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    11 1 February 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 February 8, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. WTI crude oil spot prices averaged $89 per barrel in January, about the same as the December average, while over the same time period the estimated average cost of all crude oil to U.S. refineries increased by about $1 per barrel. Growing volumes of Canadian crude oil imported into the United States contributed to record-high storage levels at Cushing, Oklahoma, and a

  19. Microsoft Word - MPUR_Mar2011_final.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    March 2011 1 March 2011 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 March 8, 2011 Release Crude Oil Prices. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil spot prices averaged $88.58 per barrel in February, slightly lower than the January average, while over the same time period the estimated average cost of all crude oil to U.S. refineries increased by about $4.50 per barrel to $92.50. Growing volumes of Canadian crude oil imported into the United States contributed to record-high

  20. EIS-0433-S1: Keystone XL Pipeline SEIS (Montana, South Dakota, and Nebraska)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a revised proposal for the Keystone XL pipeline and related facilities. The proposed facilities would transport crude oil from the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin and the Williston Basin to existing pipeline facilities near Steele City, Nebraska, for onward transport to markets in the Texas Gulf Coast area. DOE is a cooperating agency. DOE's Western Area Power Administration has jurisdiction over certain proposed transmission facilities relating to the proposal, including construction and operation of a portion of a 230-kilovolt transmission line and construction and operation of two new substations and the expansion of six existing substations.

  1. C.D. Howe Institute | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    C.D. Howe Institute C.D. Howe Institute October 21, 2008 - 4:14pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Acting Deputy Secretary Kupfer Thank you very much. It's a pleasure to be here. I want to congratulate the C. D. Howe Institute on its 50th anniversary-a half century of thoughtful public policy debates on the issues of greatest interest and concern to the Canadian people. In our increasingly interconnected world-the dialogue you foster also helps to inform the larger global debate on these issues.

  2. Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of the Last

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production Reactors in Russia | Department of Energy Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of the Last Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production Reactors in Russia Canada and the United States Cooperate to Shut Down One of the Last Weapons-Grade Plutonium Production Reactors in Russia March 30, 2005 - 11:08am Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Pierre Pettigrew and United States Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman today announced the

  3. DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- International Rare Metals Refinery Inc

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    - NY 38 Rare Metals Refinery Inc - NY 38 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: International Rare Metals Refinery, Inc. (NY.38 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation NY.38-1 Location: 69 Kisko Avenue , Mt. Kisko , New York NY.38-1 NY.38-3 Evaluation Year: 1987 NY.38-4 Site Operations: Manufactured and distributed radium and polonium products. NY.38-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - Site was a

  4. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AN~~.N~dtAN, MD. Y.P.H.

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    ,' ,...- -., -.- . . we#lnty..: - DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AN~~.N~dtAN, MD. Y.P.H. April 30, 1979 . _-- _' . U.S.E.P.A. Radiation Branch 26 Federal Plaz;a, Boom 9079 New York, N. Y. 10007 Attention: Miss Feldman:, Gentlemen: In accordance with your request to Calvin E. Weber, P.E., Assistant Commissioner of Health for Environmental Quality, I am forwarding a copy of a report prepared by him concerning a radiation survey conducted in the vicinity of the former Canadian Radium and Uranium Corpora+on

  5. To: File

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    iU i.1 ' i d1m1 To: File Fl-0lll: a. Wall0 Subject: FUSRAP review of the former Internationai Rare Metals site in Mt. Kisco New York. The former International Rare Metals Refinery in Mt. Eisco, NY began operations in the early 1940's. Throughout its operatic and in various correspondence it has also been known as "Pregs Mt. Ki sco Refinery" and most,recently, the Canadian Radium and Uranium Corporation site; During the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) era, the federal government

  6. New Carbon Storage Atlas Shows Hundreds of Years of CO2 Storage Potential |

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Department of Energy Carbon Storage Atlas Shows Hundreds of Years of CO2 Storage Potential New Carbon Storage Atlas Shows Hundreds of Years of CO2 Storage Potential December 21, 2012 - 9:58am Addthis Atlas IV was created by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), and includes input from the more than 400 organizations in 43 states and four Canadian provinces that make up the Department’s seven Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships (as shown above). <a

  7. 2014 Results | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Student Competition » 2014 Results 2014 Results In its inaugural year, 28 teams from U.S. and Canadian universities competed to design cost-effective Zero Energy Ready Homes for mainstream builders. The core zero energy ready requirement focused on high-performance features that sharply reduce energy use, and allow for all or most of the remaining energy use to be offset with renewable energy. The winning teams produced market-ready, state-of-the-art design solutions for high-performance homes

  8. Paul J. Merges, PhD Director, Bureau of Radiation New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AU62 & 1993 Paul J. Merges, PhD Director, Bureau of Radiation New York State Department of Environmental Conservation 50 Wolf Road Albany, New York 12233 1; Dear Dr. Merges: Your letter of August 13, 1993, requested information concerning the I Mt. Kisco, New York, site that was used for radium production by the former Canadian Radium and Uranium Company. This site was considered for the U.S. Department of Energy's Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program, and it was eliminated from

  9. NMMSS

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    4 SPONSORED BY DOE AND NRC PREPARED BY NAC INTERNATIONAL General Guidelines for Obligations on Imports from the DOE NNSA Office of Nonproliferation Policy Any material coming from an EU country directly or indirectly will be subject to the US/EURATOM agreement. You can rest assured that EURATOM will make the necessary notifications. Any material coming from Canada directly or indirectly will be subject to the US/Canada agreement only if it is of Canadian origin, not just converted in Canada. If

  10. Relativistic high harmonic generation in gas jet targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pirozhkov, A.S.; Kando, M.; Esirkepov, T.Zh.; and others

    2012-07-11

    We experimentally demonstrate a new regime of high-order harmonic generation by relativistic-irradiance lasers in gas jet targets. Bright harmonics with both odd and even orders, generated by linearly as well as circularly polarized pulses, are emitted in the forward direction, while the base harmonic frequency is downshifted. A 9 TW laser generates harmonics up to 360 eV, within the 'water window' spectral region. With a 120 TW laser producing 40 uJ/sr per harmonic at 120 eV, we demonstrate the photon number scalability. The observed harmonics cannot be explained by previously suggested scenarios. A novel high-order harmonics generation mechanism [T. Zh. Esirkepov et al., AIP Proceedings, this volume], which explains our experimental findings, is based on the phenomena inherent in the relativistic laser - underdense plasma interactions (self-focusing, cavity evacuation, and bow wave generation), mathematical catastrophe theory which explains formation of electron density singularities (cusps), and collective radiation due to nonlinear oscillations of a compact charge.

  11. X-ray and ?-ray studies of the millisecond pulsar and possible X-ray binary/radio pulsar transition object PSR J1723-2837

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogdanov, Slavko; Esposito, Paolo; Crawford III, Fronefield; Possenti, Andrea; McLaughlin, Maura A.; Freire, Paulo

    2014-01-20

    We present X-ray observations of the 'redback' eclipsing radio millisecond pulsar (MSP) and candidate radio pulsar/X-ray binary transition object PSR J1723-2837. The X-ray emission from the system is predominantly non-thermal and exhibits pronounced variability as a function of orbital phase, with a factor of ?2 reduction in brightness around superior conjunction. Such temporal behavior appears to be a defining characteristic of this variety of peculiar MSP binaries and is likely caused by a partial geometric occultation by the main-sequence-like companion of a shock within the binary. There is no indication of diffuse X-ray emission from a bow shock or pulsar wind nebula associated with the pulsar. We also report on a search for point source emission and ?-ray pulsations in Fermi Large Area Telescope data using a likelihood analysis and photon probability weighting. Although PSR J1723-2837 is consistent with being a ?-ray point source, due to the strong Galactic diffuse emission at its position a definitive association cannot be established. No statistically significant pulsations or modulation at the orbital period are detected. For a presumed detection, the implied ?-ray luminosity is ?5% of its spin-down power. This indicates that PSR J1723-2837 is either one of the least efficient ?-ray producing MSPs or, if the detection is spurious, the ?-ray emission pattern is not directed toward us.

  12. DISCOVERY OF GIANT RELIC RADIO LOBES STRADDLING THE CLASSICAL DOUBLE RADIO GALAXY 3C452

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sirothia, S. K.; Gopal-Krishna; Wiita, Paul J. E-mail: krishna@ncra.tifr.res.in

    2013-03-01

    We report the discovery of a pair of megaparsec size radio lobes of extremely steep spectrum straddling the well-known classical double radio source 3C452. The existence of such fossil lobes was unexpected since for the past several decades this powerful radio galaxy has been regarded as a textbook example of an edge-brightened double radio source of Fanaroff-Riley type II (FR II), which we now show to be a bona fide ''double-double'' radio galaxy (DDRG). Thus, 3C452 presents a uniquely robust example of recurrent nuclear activity in which the restarted jets are expanding non-relativistically within the relic synchrotron plasma from an earlier active phase and hence the inner double fed by them has evolved into a perfectly normal FR II radio source. This situation contrasts markedly with the strikingly narrow inner doubles observed in a few other DDRGs that have been interpreted in terms of compression of the synchrotron plasma of the relic outer lobes at the relativistic bow-shocks driven by the near ballistic propagation of the two inner jets through the relic plasma. A key ramification of this finding is that it cautions against the currently widespread use of FR II classical double radio sources for testing cosmological models and unification schemes for active galactic nuclei.

  13. Magnetohydrodynamic simulations of a jet drilling an H I cloud: Shock induced formation of molecular clouds and jet breakup

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Asahina, Yuta; Ogawa, Takayuki; Matsumoto, Ryoji; Kawashima, Tomohisa; Furukawa, Naoko; Enokiya, Rei; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Fukui, Yasuo

    2014-07-01

    The formation mechanism of the jet-aligned CO clouds found by NANTEN CO observations is studied by magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) simulations taking into account the cooling of the interstellar medium. Motivated by the association of the CO clouds with the enhancement of H I gas density, we carried out MHD simulations of the propagation of a supersonic jet injected into the dense H I gas. We found that the H I gas compressed by the bow shock ahead of the jet is cooled down by growth of the cooling instability triggered by the density enhancement. As a result, a cold dense sheath is formed around the interface between the jet and the H I gas. The radial speed of the cold, dense gas in the sheath is a few km s{sup 1} almost independent of the jet speed. Molecular clouds can be formed in this region. Since the dense sheath wrapping the jet reflects waves generated in the cocoon, the jet is strongly perturbed by the vortices of the warm gas in the cocoon, which breaks up the jet and forms a secondary shock in the H I-cavity drilled by the jet. The particle acceleration at the shock can be the origin of radio and X-ray filaments observed near the eastern edge of the W50 nebula surrounding the galactic jet source SS433.

  14. Plasma Emission at Shocks by the Eigenmode-Antenna Mechanism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malaspina, David M.; Ergun, Robert E.; Cairns, Iver H.

    2009-11-11

    Planetary bow shocks, interplanetary shocks, and other heliospheric shocks are remotely observable at radio frequencies due to plasma emission. In this process, shocks are a source of energetic electron beams which excite electrostatic plasma oscillations (Langmuir waves) near the shock. Langmuir waves are then converted into electromagnetic emission at the local plasma frequency (f{sub p}) and its harmonic (2f{sub p}). While the production of electron beams by shocks and the subsequent generation of Langmuir waves are well understood, the mechanism which converts electrostatic Langmuir waves into electromagnetic radiation at f{sub p} and 2f{sub p} remains a subject of debate. A conversion mechanism is presented based on the idea that a substantial fraction of Langmuir waves are localized as eigenmodes of ambient plasma density fluctuations. Thus localized, the f{sub p} and 2f{sub p} currents associated with Langmuir waves radiate as antennas. Evidence, in the form of observations from the STEREO and WIND spacecraft, is presented for the localization of Langmuir waves by density structures and for radio frequency emission by the eigenmode-antenna mechanism.

  15. A star-forming shock front in radio galaxy 4C+41.17 resolved with laser-assisted adaptive optics spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steinbring, Eric

    2014-07-01

    Near-infrared integral-field spectroscopy of redshifted [O III], H?, and optical continuum emission from the z = 3.8 radio galaxy 4C+41.17 is presented, obtained with the laser-guide-star adaptive optics facility on the Gemini North telescope. Employing a specialized dithering technique, a spatial resolution of 0.''10, or 0.7 kpc, is achieved in each spectral element, with a velocity resolution of ?70 km s{sup 1}. Spectra similar to local starbursts are found for bright knots coincident in archival Hubble Space Telescope ( HST) rest-frame ultraviolet images, which also allows a key line diagnostic to be mapped together with new kinematic information. There emerges a clearer picture of the nebular emission associated with the jet in 8.3 GHz and 15 GHz Very Large Array maps, closely tied to a Ly?-bright shell-shaped structure seen with HST. This supports a previous interpretation of that arc tracing a bow shock, inducing ?10{sup 1011} M {sub ?} star formation regions that comprise the clumpy broadband optical/ultraviolet morphology near the core.

  16. AFIP-7 Tomography 2013 Status Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craft, A. E.; Williams, W. J.; Abir, M. I.K.; Wachs, D. M.

    2013-10-01

    This project seeks to assess the geometric stability of the U-Mo monolithic fuel system by evaluating the radiation-induced changes in the AFIP-7 experiment device. Neutron radiography and computed tomography (CT) provide valuable information about the post-irradiation condition of the fuel specimen. Tomographic reconstructions of the AFIP-7 fuel element will be analyzed to assess the geometric condition of the element after irradiation and provide information regarding the condition of the fuel, including gross geometric defects, bowing, twist, plate buckling, cracks, and other defects. The INL, in collaboration with Oregon State University (OSU), Missouri University of Science and Technology (Missouri S&T), and Real Time Tomography, is developing advanced neutron detector systems and tomographic reconstruction techniques to evaluate the AFIP-7 fuel element. Neutron computed tomography using the current neutron radiography technique available at the Neutron Radiography reactor (NRAD) is impractical due to the long time and high cost to produce a set of images for tomographic reconstruction. Advanced neutron radiography systems such as the micro-channel plate (MCP) detector and neutron computed radiography (CR) may reduce the time and cost of acquiring images for neutron CT.

  17. Chondrule destruction in nebular shocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacquet, Emmanuel; Thompson, Christopher

    2014-12-10

    Chondrules are millimeter-sized silicate spherules ubiquitous in primitive meteorites, but whose origin remains mysterious. One of the main proposed mechanisms for producing them is melting of solids in shock waves in the gaseous protoplanetary disk. However, evidence is mounting that chondrule-forming regions were enriched in solids well above solar abundances. Given the high velocities involved in shock models, destructive collisions would be expected between differently sized grains after passage of the shock front as a result of differential drag. We investigate the probability and outcome of collisions of particles behind a one-dimensional shock using analytic methods as well as a full integration of the coupled mass, momentum, energy, and radiation equations. Destruction of protochondrules seems unavoidable for solid/gas ratios ? ? 0.1, and possibly even for solar abundances because of 'sandblasting' by finer dust. A flow with ? ? 10 requires much smaller shock velocities (?2 versus 8 km s{sup 1}) in order to achieve chondrule-melting temperatures, and radiation trapping allows slow cooling of the shocked fragments. Initial destruction would still be extensive; although re-assembly of millimeter-sized particles would naturally occur by grain sticking afterward, the compositional heterogeneity of chondrules may be difficult to reproduce. We finally note that solids passing through small-scale bow shocks around few kilometer-sized planetesimals might experience partial melting and yet escape fragmentation.

  18. Final Report for Project DE-SC0006958: "An Investigation of the Effects of magnetic Fields and Collisionality on Shock Formation in Radiatively Cooled Plasma Flows"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bott-Suzuki, Simon

    2014-11-05

    We have developed a new experimental platform to study bow-shock formation in plasma flows generated using an inverse wire array z-pinch. We have made significant progress on the analysis of both hydrodynamic and magnetized shocks using this system. The hydrodynamic experiments show formation of a well-defined Mach cone, and highly localized shock strong associated with radiative losses and rapidly cooling over the shock. Magnetized shocks show that the balance of magnetic and ram pressures dominate the evolution of the shock region, generating a low plasma beta void around the target. Manuscripts are in preparation for publication on both these topics. We have also published the development of a novel diagnostic method which allow recovery of interferometry and self-emission data along the same line of sight. Finally, we have carried out work to integrate a kinetic routine with the 3D MHD code Gorgon, however it remains to complete this process. Both undergraduate and graduate students have been involved in both the experimental work and publications.

  19. DEVELOPMENT OF THE LARGE-BORE POWDER GUN FOR THE NEVADA TEST SITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, B.J.; Esparza, J.

    2009-12-28

    Plate-impact experiments on single stage guns provide very planar loading conditions suitable for studying complex phenomena such as phase transitions and material strength, and provide important data useful for constraining and validating predictive models. The objective of the current work was to develop a large-bore (3.5'' or greater) powder gun capable of accelerating projectiles to moderately high velocities (greater than 2.25 km/s) for impact experiments at Nevada Test Site. This gun will span a performance gap between existing gun facilities and provide a means of examining phenomena over a wide range of stresses and time-scales. Advantages of the large-bore gun include the capability to load multiple samples simultaneously, the use of large diameter samples that significantly extend the time duration of the experiment, and minimal tilt (no bow). This new capability required the development of a disposable confinement system that used an explosively driven closure method to prevent contamination from moving up into the gun system. Experimental results for both the gun system and the explosive valve are presented.

  20. Spring/dimple instrument tube restraint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeMario, E.E.; Lawson, C.N.

    1993-11-23

    A nuclear fuel assembly for a pressurized water nuclear reactor has a spring and dimple structure formed in a non-radioactive insert tube placed in the top of a sensor receiving instrumentation tube thimble disposed in the fuel assembly and attached at a top nozzle, a bottom nozzle, and intermediate grids. The instrumentation tube thimble is open at the top, where the sensor or its connection extends through the cooling water for coupling to a sensor signal processor. The spring and dimple insert tube is mounted within the instrumentation tube thimble and extends downwardly adjacent the top. The springs and dimples restrain the sensor and its connections against lateral displacement causing impact with the instrumentation tube thimble due to the strong axial flow of cooling water. The instrumentation tube has a stainless steel outer sleeve and a zirconium alloy inner sleeve below the insert tube adjacent the top. The insert tube is relatively non-radioactivated inconel alloy. The opposed springs and dimples are formed on diametrically opposite inner walls of the insert tube, the springs being formed as spaced axial cuts in the insert tube, with a web of the insert tube between the cuts bowed radially inwardly for forming the spring, and the dimples being formed as radially inward protrusions opposed to the springs. 7 figures.

  1. Spring/dimple instrument tube restraint

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    DeMario, Edmund E.; Lawson, Charles N.

    1993-01-01

    A nuclear fuel assembly for a pressurized water nuclear reactor has a spring and dimple structure formed in a non-radioactive insert tube placed in the top of a sensor receiving instrumentation tube thimble disposed in the fuel assembly and attached at a top nozzle, a bottom nozzle, and intermediate grids. The instrumentation tube thimble is open at the top, where the sensor or its connection extends through the cooling water for coupling to a sensor signal processor. The spring and dimple insert tube is mounted within the instrumentation tube thimble and extends downwardly adjacent the top. The springs and dimples restrain the sensor and its connections against lateral displacement causing impact with the instrumentation tube thimble due to the strong axial flow of cooling water. The instrumentation tube has a stainless steel outer sleeve and a zirconium alloy inner sleeve below the insert tube adjacent the top. The insert tube is relatively non-radioactivated inconel alloy. The opposed springs and dimples are formed on diametrically opposite inner walls of the insert tube, the springs being formed as spaced axial cuts in the insert tube, with a web of the insert tube between the cuts bowed radially inwardly for forming the spring, and the dimples being formed as radially inward protrusions opposed to the springs.

  2. Method and apparatus for measuring surface contour on parts with elevated temperatures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horvath, Mark S. (Canton, MI); Nance, Roy A. (McMurray, PA); Cohen, George H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Fodor, George (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1991-01-01

    The invention is directed to a method and apparatus for measuring the surface contour of a test piece, such as the bow of a radioactive fuel rod, which is completely immersed in water. The invention utilizes ultrasonic technology and is capable of measuring surface contours of test pieces which are at a higher temperature than the surrounding water. The presence of a test piece at a higher temperature adversely affects the distance measurements by causing thermal variations in the water near the surface of the test piece. The contour measurements depend upon a constant temperature of the water in the path of the ultrasonic wave to provide a constant acoustical velocity (the measurement is made by the time of flight measurement for an ultrasonic wave). Therefore, any variations of water temperature near the surface will introduce errors degrading the measurement. The present invention overcomes these problems by assuring that the supply of water through which the ultrasonic waves travel is at a predetermined and constant temperature.

  3. Effect of a detailed radial core expansion reactivity feedback model on ATWS calculations using SASSYS/SAS4A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wigeland, R.A.

    1986-01-01

    The present emphasis on inherent safety and inherently safe designs for liquid-metal reactors has resulted in a need to represent the various reactivity feedback mechanisms as accurately as possible. In particular, the reactivity feedback from radial core expansion has been found to provide the dominant negative feedback contribution in postulated anticipated transient without scram (ATWS) events. Review of the existing modeling in the SASSYS/SAS4A computer code system revealed that while the modeling may be adequate for the early phases of various unprotected transients, the accuracy would be less than desirable for the extended transients which typically occur for inherently safe designs. The existing model for calculating the reactivity feedback from radial core expansion uses a feedback from radial core expansion uses a feedback coefficient in conjunction with changes in the temperatures of the grid support plate and the above-core load pad. The accuracy of this approach is determined partly by the conditions used in deriving the feedback coefficient, and their relevance to the transient being investigated. Accuracy is also affected by the need to include effects other than those that could be directly related to changes in the grid plate and above-core load pad temperatures, such as subassembly bowing and the potential for clearances to occur between subassemblies in the above-core load pad region. As a result, a detailed model was developed in an attempt to account for these and other effects in a more mechanistic form.

  4. Investigating CXOU J163802.6471358: A new pulsar wind nebula in the norma region?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jakobsen, Simone J.; Watson, Darach; Tomsick, John A.; Gotthelf, Eric V.; Kaspi, Victoria M.

    2014-06-01

    We present the first analysis of the extended source CXOU J163802.6471358, which was discovered serendipitously during the Chandra X-ray survey of the Norma region of the Galactic spiral arms. The X-ray source exhibits a cometary appearance with a point source and an extended tail region. The complete source spectrum is fitted well with an absorbed power law model and jointly fitting the Chandra spectrum of the full source with one obtained from an archived XMM-Newton observation results in best fit parameters N {sub H} =1.5{sub ?0.5}{sup +0.7}10{sup 23} cm{sup ?2} and ?=1.1{sub ?0.6}{sup +0.7} (90% confidence uncertainties). The unabsorbed luminosity of the full source is then L{sub X}?4.810{sup 33}d{sub 10}{sup 2} erg s{sup 1} with d {sub 10} = d/10 kpc, where a distance of 10 kpc is a lower bound inferred from the large column density. The radio counterpart found for the source using data from the Molonglo Galactic Plane Survey epoch-2 shows an elongated tail offset from the X-ray emission. No infrared counterpart was found. The results are consistent with the source being a previously unknown pulsar driving a bow shock through the ambient medium.

  5. Controllable growth and optical properties of InP and InP/InAs nanostructures on the sidewalls of GaAs nanowires

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yan, Xin; Zhang, Xia Li, Junshuai; Cui, Jiangong; Ren, Xiaomin

    2014-12-07

    The growth and optical properties of InP and InP/InAs nanostructures on GaAs nanowires are investigated. InP quantum well and quantum dots (QDs) are formed on the sidewalls of GaAs nanowires successively with increasing the deposition time of InP. The GaAs/InP nanowire heterostructure exhibits a type-II band alignment. The wavelength of the InP quantum well is in the range of 857892?nm at 77?K, which means that the quantum well is nearly fully strained. The InP quantum dot, which has a bow-shaped cross section, exhibits dislocation-free pure zinc blende structure. Stranski-Krastanow InAs quantum dots are subsequently formed on the GaAs/InP nanowire core-shell structure. The InAs quantum dots are distributed over the middle part of the nanowire, indicating that the In atoms contributing to the quantum dots mainly come from the vapor rather than the substrate. The longest emission wavelength obtained from the InAs QDs is 1039?nm at 77?K. The linewidth is as narrow as 46.3?meV, which is much narrower than those on planar InP substrates and wurtzite InP nanowires, suggesting high-crystal-quality, phase-purity, and size-uniformity of quantum dots.

  6. Developing of the large-bore powder gun for the Nevada test site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jensen, Brian J; Esparza, James S

    2009-01-01

    Plate-impact experiments on single stage guns provide very planar loading conditions suitable for studying complex phenomena such as phase transitions and material strength, and provide important data useful for constraining and validating predictive models. The objective of the current work was to develop a large-bore (3.5-inches or greater) powder gun capable of accelerating projectiles to moderately high velocities (greater than 2.25 km/s) for impact experiments at Nevada Test Site. This gun will span a performance gap between existing gun facilities and provide a means of examining phenomena over a wide range of stresses and time-scales. Advantages of the large-bore gun include the capability to load multiple samples simultaneously, the use of large diameter samples that significantly extend the time duration of the experiment, and minimal tilt (no bow). This new capability required the development of a disposable confinement system that used an explosively driven closure method to prevent contamination from moving up into the gun system. Experimental results for both the gun system and the explosive valve are presented.

  7. Laser-launched flyer plate and confined laser ablation for shock wave loading: Validation and applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paisley, Dennis L.; Luo Shengnian; Greenfield, Scott R.; Koskelo, Aaron C.

    2008-02-15

    We present validation and some applications of two laser-driven shock wave loading techniques: laser-launched flyer plate and confined laser ablation. We characterize the flyer plate during flight and the dynamically loaded target with temporally and spatially resolved diagnostics. With transient imaging displacement interferometry, we demonstrate that the planarity (bow and tilt) of the loading induced by a spatially shaped laser pulse is within 2-7 mrad (with an average of 4{+-}1 mrad), similar to that in conventional techniques including gas gun loading. Plasma heating of target is negligible, in particular, when a plasma shield is adopted. For flyer plate loading, supported shock waves can be achieved. Temporal shaping of the drive pulse in confined laser ablation allows for flexible loading, e.g., quasi-isentropic, Taylor-wave, and off-Hugoniot loading. These techniques can be utilized to investigate such dynamic responses of materials as Hugoniot elastic limit, plasticity, spall, shock roughness, equation of state, phase transition, and metallurgical characteristics of shock-recovered samples.

  8. Distribution of cations in wurtzitic InxGa1-xN and InxAl1-xN alloys: Consequences for energetics and quasiparticle electronic structures

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    de Carvalho, Luiz Cláudio; Schleife, André; Furthmüller, Jürgen; Bechstedt, Friedhelm

    2012-03-27

    The ternary, isostructural, wurtzite-derived group-III mononitride alloys InxGa1-xN andInxAl1-xN are reexamined within a cluster expansion approach. Using density functional theory together with the AM05 exchange-correlation functional, the total energies and the optimized atomic geometries of all 22 clusters classes of the cluster expansion for each material system are calculated. The computationally demanding calculation of the corresponding quasiparticle electronic structures is achieved for all cluster classes by means of a recently developed scheme to approximately solve the quasiparticle equation based on the HSE06 hybrid functional and the G₀W₀ approach. Using two different alloy statistics, the configurational averages for the lattice parameters,more » the mixing enthalpies, and the bulk moduli are calculated. The composition-dependent electronic structures of the alloys are discussed based on configurationally averaged electronic states, band gaps, and densities of states. Ordered cluster arrangements are found to be energetically rather unfavorable, however, they possess the smallest energy gaps and, hence, contribute to light emission. The influence of the alloy statistics on the composition dependencies and the corresponding bowing parameters of the band gaps is found to be significant and should, hence, lead to different signatures in the optical-absorption or -emission spectra.« less

  9. The various manifestations of collisionless dissipation in wave propagation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benisti, Didier; Morice, Olivier; Gremillet, Laurent

    2012-06-15

    The propagation of an electrostatic wave packet inside a collisionless and initially Maxwellian plasma is always dissipative because of the irreversible acceleration of the electrons by the wave. Then, in the linear regime, the wave packet is Landau damped, so that in the reference frame moving at the group velocity, the wave amplitude decays exponentially with time. In the nonlinear regime, once phase mixing has occurred and when the electron motion is nearly adiabatic, the damping rate is strongly reduced compared to the Landau one, so that the wave amplitude remains nearly constant along the characteristics. Yet, we show here that the electrons are still globally accelerated by the wave packet, and in one dimension, this leads to a non local amplitude dependence of the group velocity. As a result, a freely propagating wave packet would shrink, and therefore, so would its total energy. In more than one dimension, not only does the magnitude of the group velocity nonlinearly vary, but also its direction. In the weakly nonlinear regime, when the collisionless damping rate is still significant compared to its linear value, the group velocity is directed towards the outside of the wave packet and tends to increase its transverse extent, while the opposite is true once the wave is essentially undamped. The impact of the nonlinear variation of the group velocity on the transverse size of the wave packet is quantified, and compared to that induced by the self-focussing due to wave front bowing.

  10. Determination of post-DNB and post-BT fuel design limits. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Croucher, D.W.; Loyd, R.J.

    1980-01-01

    Categories of light water reactor transients and the departure from nucleate boiling (DNB) and boiling transition (BT) fuel design limits in light water reactors are reviewed. These fuel design limits for reactor licensing may be overly conservative because experiments have shown that fuel rods do not fail and may not experience damage as a result of momentary operation in film boiling or dryout conditions. Damage to the fuel rod is strongly dependent on the peak cladding temperature and the length of time at that temperature durng the transient. Testing of two potential licensing fuel design limits is suggested: (a) fuel rod functional capabilities are retained and fuel system dimensions remain within operational telerances; and (b) cladding deformation is permitted, but no significant oxidation is allowed. Damage mechanisms which may affect post-DNB or post-BT operation of fuel rods are permanent rod bowing and pellet-cladding interaction. The data necessary to support a fuel design limit and a means of obtaining these data are outlined.

  11. Structure of high-burnup-fuel Zircaloy cladding. [PWR; BWR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chung, H.M.

    1983-06-01

    Zircaloy cladding from high-burnup (> 20 MWd/kg U) fuel rods in light-water reactors is characterized by a high density of irradiation-induced defects (RID), compositional changes (e.g., oxygen and hydrogen uptake) associated with in-service corrosion, and geometrical changes produced by creepdown, bowing, and irradiation-induced growth. During a reactor power transient, the cladding is subject to localized stress imposed by thermal expansion of the cracked fuel pellets and to mechanical constraints imposed by pellet-cladding friction. As part of a program to provide a better understanding of brittle-type failure of Zircaloy fuel cladding by pellet-cladding interaction (PCI) phenomenon, the stress-rupture properties and microstructural characteristics of high-burnup spent fuel cladding have been under investigation. This paper reports the results of the microstructural examinations by optical microscopy, scanning (SEM), 100-keV transmission (TEM), and 1 MeV high-voltage (HVEM) electron microscopies of the fractured spent fuel cladding with a specific empahsis on a correlation of the structural characteristics with the fracture behavior.

  12. Six years' operating experience at Ardjuna field helps prove out LPG SBS system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smulders, L.H.

    1983-02-21

    The permanent yoke mooring system and the two-product flexpipe riser of the Arjuna Sakti LPG storage barge have completely lived up to their expectations. The LPG offtake system, the terminaling function of the storage unit, has also performed extremely well. Experience gained at Ardjuna provides confidence for future openocean mooring of large methanol or LNG plants. Mooring systems of these future units will likely have a different configuration, such as the single anchor leg storage (SALS) mooring. However, the basic system components have been used, both at Ardjuna and in comparable situations elsewhere in the world. Engineers who are working on floating, large scale, gas processing plants for mooring in the open ocean could profitably join their efforts in a team comprised of process specialists, naval architects, and mooring experts. Specific areas of consideration should be: length-to-beam and lengthto-depth ratios and shape of bow. This could result in a storage/process barge design with better motion characteristics and lower mooring forces than proposed at present.

  13. Comet 1P/Halley multifluid MHD model for the Giotto fly-by

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubin, M.; Altwegg, K.; Combi, M. R.; Daldorff, L. K. S.; Gombosi, T. I.; Hansen, K. C.; Shou, Y.; Tenishev, V. M.; Tth, G.; Van der Holst, B.

    2014-02-01

    The interaction of comets with the solar wind has been the focus of many studies including numerical modeling. We compare the results of our multifluid MHD simulation of comet 1P/Halley to data obtained during the flyby of the European Space Agency's Giotto spacecraft in 1986. The model solves the full set of MHD equations for the individual fluids representing the solar wind protons, the cometary light and heavy ions, and the electrons. The mass loading, charge-exchange, dissociative ion-electron recombination, and collisional interactions between the fluids are taken into account. The computational domain spans over several million kilometers, and the close vicinity of the comet is resolved to the details of the magnetic cavity. The model is validated by comparison to the corresponding Giotto observations obtained by the Ion Mass Spectrometer, the Neutral Mass Spectrometer, the Giotto magnetometer experiment, and the Johnstone Plasma Analyzer instrument. The model shows the formation of the bow shock, the ion pile-up, and the diamagnetic cavity and is able to reproduce the observed temperature differences between the pick-up ion populations and the solar wind protons. We give an overview of the global interaction of the comet with the solar wind and then show the effects of the Lorentz force interaction between the different plasma populations.

  14. Evaluation of national seismograph network detection capabilities: Final report. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLaughlin, K.L.; Barker, T.G.; Bennett, T.J.

    1997-10-01

    This final report presents detection thresholds, detection probabilities, and location error ellipse projections for the US National Seismic Network (USNSN) with and without real-time cooperative stations in the eastern US. Network simulation methods are used with spectral noise levels at stations in the USNSN and other stations to simulate the processes of excitation, propagation, detection, and processing of seismic phases. The USNSN alone should be capable of detecting 4 or more P waves for shallow crustal earthquakes in nearly all of the eastern and central US at the magnitude 3.8 level. When real-time cooperative stations are used in conjunction with the USNSN, the network should be capable of detecting 4 or more P waves from events 0.2 to 0.3 magnitude units lower. The planned expansion of the USNSN and cooperative stations should improve detection levels by an additional 0.2 to 0.3 magnitudes units in many areas. Location uncertainties for the USNSN should be significantly improved by addition of real-time cooperative stations. Median error ellipses for magnitude 4.5 earthquakes in the eastern and central US depend strongly upon location, but uncertainties should be less than 100 square km in the central US and degrade to 200 square km or more offshore and to the south and north of the international boundaries. Close cooperation with the Canadian National Network should substantially improve detection thresholds and location uncertainties along the Canadian border.

  15. Evaluation of National Seismograph Network detection capabilities. Annual report, July 1994--July 1995: Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLaughlin, K.L.; Bennett, T.J.

    1996-03-01

    This first annual report presents detection thresholds and probabilities, and location error ellipse projects for the United States National Seismic Network (USNSN) with and without cooperative stations in the eastern US. Network simulation methods are used with spectral noise levels at stations to simulate the processes of excitation, propagation, detection, and processing of seismic phases. USNSN alone should be capable of detecting 4 or more P waves for shallow crustal earthquakes in nearly all the eastern and central US at magnitude 3.8 level. When cooperative stations are added, the network should be able to detect 4 or more P waves from events 0.2 to 0.3 magnitude units lower. Planned expansion of USNSN and cooperative stations should improve detection levels by an additional 0.2-0.3 magnitudes units in many areas. Location uncertainties for USNSN can be improved by adding real-time cooperative stations. Median error ellipses for magnitude 4.5 earthquakes depend strongly on location, but uncertainties should be less than 100 km{sup 2} in the central US and degrade to 200 km{sup 2} or more offshore and sosuth and north of the international boundaries. Close cooperation with the Canadian National Network should substantially improve detection thresholds and location uncertainties along the Canadian border.

  16. Examining the potential for voluntary fuel economy standards in the United States and Canada.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Plotkin, S.; Greene, D.; Duleep, K.

    2003-03-19

    This report is designed to assist the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. government in general, and Natural Resources Canada with understanding the potential for voluntary fuel economy standards designed to increase the fuel economy of the North American fleet of light-duty vehicles (LDVs-passenger cars and light trucks) within a 10-15-year timeframe. The approach of this study has been: First, to examine and evaluate recent fuel economy initiatives taken in Japan and Europe; Second, to review the technologies available to improve fuel economy in the U.S. (and Canadian) fleets, focusing on their costs and fuel economy improvement potential; Third, to identify and broadly evaluate some alternatives to the current U.S. and Canadian Corporate Average Fuel Economy system of specifying uniform fuel economy targets (27.5 mpg for cars, 20.7 mpg for light trucks) for individual companies; and Fourth, to try to determine an approximate level of fuel economy increase and form of company agreements that would be conducive to a voluntary agreement, based on the assumption that an acceptable voluntary standard would impose an equitable burden on each manufacturer and would be approximately cost-effective from consumers' private perspectives.

  17. Unique Regulatory Approach for Licensing the Port Hope Remediation Project in Canada - 13315

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kostova, M.; Howard, D.; Elder, P.

    2013-07-01

    The Port Hope remediation project is a part of a larger initiative of the Canadian Federal Government the Port Hope Area Initiative (PHAI) which is based upon a community proposal. The Government of Canada, through Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) is investing $1.28 billion over 10 years to clean up historic low-level radioactive waste in the Port Hope Area and to provide long-term safe management of the low-level radioactive wastes in the Port Hope Area. These wastes arose from the activities of a former Federal Crown Corporation (Eldorado Nuclear) and its private sector predecessors. In Canada, historic waste are defined as low-level radioactive waste that was managed in a manner no longer considered acceptable, but for which the original producer cannot reasonably be held responsible or no longer exists and for which the Federal Government has accepted responsibility. In Canada, under the current regulatory framework, the environmental remediation is not considered as a distinct phase of the nuclear cycle. The regulatory approach for dealing with existing sites contaminated with radioactive residues is defined on the basis of risk and application of existing regulations. A unique regulatory approach was taken by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) to address the various licensing issues and to set out the requirements for licensing of the Port Hope Project within the current regulatory framework. (authors)

  18. Confirmation of the SCA-2 locus as an alternative locus for dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias and refinement of the candidate region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lopes-Cendes, I.; Rouleau, G.A. ); Andermann, E.; Andermann, F. ); Attig, E. ); Bosch, S.; Wagner, M. )

    1994-05-01

    The autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a clinically heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative diseases. To date, two SCA loci have been identified - one locus (SCA-1) on the short arm of chromosome 6 and the second locus (SCA-2) on the long arm of chromosome 12. The authors have studied two large kindreds from different ethnic backgrounds, segregating an autosomal dominant form of SCA. A total of 207 living individuals, including 50 affected, were examined, and blood was collected. Linkage analysis was performed using anonymous DNA markers which flank the two previously described loci. The results demonstrate that the two kindreds, one Austrian-Canadian and one French-Canadian, are linked to SCA-2 (chromosome 12q). Multipoint linkage analysis places the SCA-2 locus within a region of approximately 16 cM between the microsatellites D12S58 and D12S84/D12S105 (odds ratio 2,371:1 in favor of this position). The authors show that the SCA-2 locus is not a private gene and represents an alternative SCA locus. 51 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. The Canada connection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bright, D.; Salaff, S.

    1995-03-01

    A big boost for wholesale electricity wheeling between Canada and the United States could be the consolidation and final approval of the Western Regional Transmission Association (WRTA), expected later this year, and the Northwest Regional Transmission Association (NWRTA). WRTA culd become the first US regional transmission group (RTG) approved by the ederal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). Several US utilities and independent energy players would be joined in this pioneering RTG by western Canadian firms - a major advance for Canada-US electricity cooperation and competition. Curently, British Columbia and Alberta are leading Canada toward open transmission access and wholesale electricity wheeling. WRTA and other RTGs may even become vehicles for greater inter-utility coopertion and open access within Canada. The opportunities for participation in Canada/US transmission groups seem likely, but there are still issues to resolve - including the unknown shape of the US electric industry as it changes. As these uncertainties are worked through both Canadian and US companies may find new opportunities in cross border power sales.

  20. Construction plans jump; operations skid in 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    True, W.R.

    1997-08-04

    Federally regulated oil and gas pipelines turned in mixed performances in 1996, a review of annual reports filed with the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) shows. Plans for new pipeline construction, filed with both the FERC and Canadian regulatory bodies, increased during a 12-month period ending June 30, 1997. Natural-gas pipeline operating companies increased their operating revenues but saw their incomes fall; oil pipelines saw both revenues and incomes fall sharply as deliveries were flat. Major natural-gas pipelines slightly increased the amounts of gas they moved for a fee and decreased gas sold out of their systems. In 1996, liquids pipelines moved fewer barrels than a year earlier and reduced in all categories the miles of line operated. Each year in this exclusive report, Oil and Gas Journal tracks revenues and incomes earned from operations along with volumes moved, as submitted to the FERC by US regulated interstate pipeline companies. Data are presented on the following: pipeline revenues, incomes--1996; North American pipeline-construction costs; US pipeline costs--estimated vs. actual; North American compressor construction costs; US compressor costs--estimated vs. actual; Canadian pipeline-construction costs, actual; US interstate mileage; investment in liquids pipelines; 10 years of land-construction costs; top 10 interstate liquids lines; top 10 interstate gas lines; liquids pipeline companies; and gas pipeline companies.

  1. Gas lines chasing huge northeastern market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, J.

    1982-03-01

    Gas for the Northeastern US market is the driving force behind three proposed projects to bring Canadian gas to the New England-New York area: the 360-mile New England States pipeline (Algonquin Gas Transmission Co., Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corp., Texas Eastern Transmission Corp., and Nova, an Alberta Corp.); the 261-mile Boundary Gas project (with Boundary Gas Inc., a consortium of 14 gas utilities with Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co. providing transportation); and the 158-mile Niagara pipeline (Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corp.). Although none has yet received government (US and Canadian) approval, at least one project - the New England States line - is expected to be operational by 1984, bringing 305 million CF of natural gas daily for US residential and industrial markets. Both countries stand to benefit from the three projects. For Canada, the sale of gas to New England provides a steady market for massive quantities of gas makes building a pipeline from gas-rich Alberta (that will also serve eastern Canada) economically feasible, and ensures the existence of a transportation network in the Maritime provinces for use when production begins off Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. For the US, the gas from Canada will help reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil and provide additional supplies during the peakload winter season.

  2. Realistic simulation of reduced-dose CT with noise modeling and sinogram synthesis using DICOM CT images

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Won Kim, Chang; Kim, Jong Hyo

    2014-01-15

    Purpose: Reducing the patient dose while maintaining the diagnostic image quality during CT exams is the subject of a growing number of studies, in which simulations of reduced-dose CT with patient data have been used as an effective technique when exploring the potential of various dose reduction techniques. Difficulties in accessing raw sinogram data, however, have restricted the use of this technique to a limited number of institutions. Here, we present a novel reduced-dose CT simulation technique which provides realistic low-dose images without the requirement of raw sinogram data. Methods: Two key characteristics of CT systems, the noise equivalent quanta (NEQ) and the algorithmic modulation transfer function (MTF), were measured for various combinations of object attenuation and tube currents by analyzing the noise power spectrum (NPS) of CT images obtained with a set of phantoms. Those measurements were used to develop a comprehensive CT noise model covering the reduced x-ray photon flux, object attenuation, system noise, and bow-tie filter, which was then employed to generate a simulated noise sinogram for the reduced-dose condition with the use of a synthetic sinogram generated from a reference CT image. The simulated noise sinogram was filtered with the algorithmic MTF and back-projected to create a noise CT image, which was then added to the reference CT image, finally providing a simulated reduced-dose CT image. The simulation performance was evaluated in terms of the degree of NPS similarity, the noise magnitude, the bow-tie filter effect, and the streak noise pattern at photon starvation sites with the set of phantom images. Results: The simulation results showed good agreement with actual low-dose CT images in terms of their visual appearance and in a quantitative evaluation test. The magnitude and shape of the NPS curves of the simulated low-dose images agreed well with those of real low-dose images, showing discrepancies of less than +/?3.2% in terms of the noise power at the peak height and +/?1.2% in terms of the spatial frequency at the peak height. The magnitudes of the noise measured for 12 different combinations the phantom size, tube current, and reconstruction kernel for the simulated and real low-dose images were very similar, with differences of 0.1 to 4.7%. Thep value for a statistical testing of the difference in the noise magnitude ranged from 0.99 to 0.11, showing that there was no difference statistically between the noise magnitudes of the real and simulated low-dose images using our method. The strength and pattern of the streak noise in an anthropomorphic phantom was also consistent with expectations. Conclusions: A novel reduced-dose CT simulation technique was developed which uses only CT images while not requiring raw sinogram data. Our method can provide realistic simulation results under reduced-dose conditions both in terms of the noise magnitude and the textual appearance. This technique has the potential to promote clinical research for patient dose reductions.

  3. Energy implications of integrated solid waste management systems. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Little, R.E.; McClain, G.; Becker, M.; Ligon, P.; Shapiro, K.

    1994-07-01

    This study develops estimates of energy use and recovery from managing municipal solid waste (MSW) under various collection, processing, and disposal scenarios. We estimate use and recovery -- or energy balance -- resulting from MSW management activities such as waste collection, transport, processing, and disposal, as well as indirect use and recovery linked to secondary materials manufacturing using recycled materials. In our analysis, secondary materials manufacturing displaces virgin materials manufacturing for 13 representative products. Energy implications are expressed as coefficients that measure the net energy saving (or use) of displacing products made from virgin versus recycled materials. Using data developed for the 1992 New York City Master Plan as a starting point, we apply our method to an analysis of various collection systems and 30 types of facilities to illustrate bow energy balances shift as management systems are modified. In sum, all four scenarios show a positive energy balance indicating the energy and advantage of integrated systems versus reliance on one or few technology options. That is, energy produced or saved exceeds the energy used to operate the solid waste system. The largest energy use impacts are attributable to processing, including materials separation and composting. Collection and transportation energy are relatively minor contributors. The largest two contributors to net energy savings are waste combustion and energy saved by processing recycled versus virgin materials. An accompanying spatial analysis methodology allocates energy use and recovery to New York City, New York State outside the city, the U.S., and outside the U.S. Our analytical approach is embodied in a spreadsheet model that can be used by energy and solid waste analysts to estimate impacts of management scenarios at the state and substate level.

  4. Zinc concentration effect on structural, optical and electrical properties of Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}Se thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akaltun, Yunus; Y?ld?r?m, M. Ali; Ate?, Aytun; Y?ld?r?m, Muhammet

    2012-11-15

    Highlights: ? Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}Se thin films were deposited using SILAR method. ? The electron effective mass, refractive index, dielectric constant values were calculated by using the energy bandgap values as a function of the zinc concentration (x). ? The resistivity and activation energy changed as a function of the zinc concentration (x). -- Abstract: Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}Se thin films with different compositions (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0) were deposited on glass substrates using successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method at room temperature and ambient pressure. The zinc concentration (x) effect on the structural, morphological, optical and electrical properties of Cd{sub 1?x}Zn{sub x}Se thin films were investigated. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies showed that all the films exhibited polycrystalline nature and were covered well on glass substrates. The energy dispersive X-ray (EDAX) analysis confirmed nearly stoichiometric deposition of the films. The energy bandgap values were changed from 1.99 to 2.82 eV depending on the zinc concentration. Bowing parameter was calculated as 0.08 eV. The electron effective mass (m{sub e}*/m{sub o}), refractive index (n), optical static and high frequency dielectric constants (?{sub o}, ?{sub ?}) values were calculated by using the energy bandgap values as a function of the zinc concentration. The resistivity values of the films changed between 10{sup 5} and 10{sup 7} ? cm with increasing zinc concentration at room temperature.

  5. Stimulated scattering in laser driven fusion and high energy density physics experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, L. Albright, B. J.; Rose, H. A.; Montgomery, D. S.; Kline, J. L.; Finnegan, S. M.; Bergen, B.; Bowers, K. J.; Kirkwood, R. K.; Milovich, J.

    2014-09-15

    In laser driven fusion and high energy density physics experiments, one often encounters a k?{sub D} range of 0.15?Bowing and breakup of ion-acoustic wavefronts saturate SBS and cause a dramatic, sharp decrease in SBS reflectivity. Mitigation of SRS and SBS in the strongly nonlinear trapping regime is discussed.

  6. A merger shock in A2034

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Owers, Matt S.; Couch, Warrick J.; Hopkins, Andrew M.; Nulsen, Paul E. J.; Ma, Cheng-Jiun; David, Laurence P.; Forman, William R.; Jones, Christine; Van Weeren, Reinout J.

    2014-01-10

    We present a 250 ks Chandra observation of the cluster merger A2034 with the aim of understanding the nature of a sharp edge previously characterized as a cold front. The new data reveal that the edge is coherent over a larger opening angle and is significantly more bow-shock-shaped than previously thought. Within ?27 about the axis of symmetry of the edge, the density, temperature, and pressure drop abruptly by factors of 1.83{sub ?0.08}{sup +0.09}, 1.85{sub ?0.41}{sup +0.41}, and 3.4{sub ?0.7}{sup +0.8}, respectively. This is inconsistent with the pressure equilibrium expected of a cold front and we conclude that the edge is a shock front. We measure a Mach number M=1.59{sub ?0.07}{sup +0.06} and corresponding shock velocity v {sub shock} ? 2057 km s{sup 1}. Using spectra collected at the MMT with the Hectospec multi-object spectrograph, we identify 328 spectroscopically confirmed cluster members. Significantly, we find a local peak in the projected galaxy density associated with a bright cluster galaxy that is located just ahead of the nose of the shock. The data are consistent with a merger viewed within ?23 of the plane of the sky. The merging subclusters are now moving apart along a north-south axis approximately 0.3 Gyr after a small impact parameter core passage. The gas core of the secondary subcluster, which was driving the shock, appears to have been disrupted by the merger. Without a driving 'piston,' we speculate that the shock is dying. Finally, we propose that the diffuse radio emission near the shock is due to the revival of pre-existing radio plasma that has been overrun by the shock.

  7. HiRes deconvolved Spitzer images of 89 protostellar jets and outflows: New data on the evolution of the outflow morphology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velusamy, T.; Langer, W. D.; Thompson, T. E-mail: William.D.Langer@jpl.nasa.gov

    2014-03-01

    To study the role of protosellar jets and outflows in the time evolution of the parent cores and the protostars, the astronomical community needs a large enough database of infrared images of protostars at the highest spatial resolution possible to reveal the details of their morphology. Spitzer provides unprecedented sensitivity in the infrared to study both the jet and outflow features, however, its spatial resolution is limited by its 0.85 m mirror. Here, we use a high-resolution deconvolution algorithm, 'HiRes,' to improve the visualization of spatial morphology by enhancing resolution (to subarcsecond levels in the IRAC bands) and removing the contaminating side lobes from bright sources in a sample of 89 protostellar objects. These reprocessed images are useful for detecting (1) wide-angle outflows seen in scattered light, (2) morphological details of H{sub 2} emission in jets and bow shocks, and (3) compact features in MIPS 24 ?m images as protostar/disk and atomic/ionic line emission associated with the jets. The HiRes FITS image data of such a large homogeneous sample presented here will be useful to the community in studying these protostellar objects. To illustrate the utility of this HiRes sample, we show how the opening angle of the wide-angle outflows in 31 sources, all observed in the HiRes-processed Spitzer images, correlates with age. Our data suggest a power-law fit to opening angle versus age with an exponent of ?0.32 and 0.02, respectively, for ages ?8000 yr and ?8000 yr.

  8. DIVERSITY OF SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURST AFTERGLOWS FROM COMPACT BINARY MERGERS HOSTING PULSARS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holcomb, Cole; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico; De Colle, Fabio; Montes, Gabriela [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

    2014-07-20

    Short-duration gamma-ray bursts (sGRBs) are widely believed to result from the mergers of compact binaries. This model predicts an afterglow that bears the characteristic signatures of a constant, low-density medium, including a smooth prompt-afterglow transition, and a simple temporal evolution. However, these expectations are in conflict with observations for a non-negligible fraction of sGRB afterglows. In particular, the onset of the afterglow phase for some of these events appears to be delayed and, in addition, a few of them exhibit late-time rapid fading in their light curves. We show that these peculiar observations can be explained independently of ongoing central engine activity if some sGRB progenitors are compact binaries hosting at least one pulsar. The Poynting flux emanating from the pulsar companion can excavate a bow-shock cavity surrounding the binary. If this cavity is larger than the shock deceleration length scale in the undisturbed interstellar medium, then the onset of the afterglow will be delayed. Should the deceleration occur entirely within the swept-up thin shell, a rapid fade in the light curve will ensue. We identify two types of pulsar that can achieve the conditions necessary for altering the afterglow: low-field, long-lived pulsars, and high-field pulsars. We find that a sizable fraction (?20%-50%) of low-field pulsars are likely to reside in neutron star binaries based on observations, while their high-field counterparts are not. Hydrodynamical calculations motivated by this model are shown to be in good agreement with observations of sGRB afterglow light curves.

  9. Design for reliability of BEoL and 3-D TSV structures A joint effort of FEA and innovative experimental techniques

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auersperg, Jrgen; Vogel, Dietmar; Auerswald, Ellen; Rzepka, Sven; Michel, Bernd

    2014-06-19

    Copper-TSVs for 3D-IC-integration generate novel challenges for reliability analysis and prediction, e.g. the need to master multiple failure criteria for combined loading including residual stress, interface delamination, cracking and fatigue issues. So, the thermal expansion mismatch between copper and silicon leads to a stress situation in silicon surrounding the TSVs which is influencing the electron mobility and as a result the transient behavior of transistors. Furthermore, pumping and protrusion of copper is a challenge for Back-end of Line (BEoL) layers of advanced CMOS technologies already during manufacturing. These effects depend highly on the temperature dependent elastic-plastic behavior of the TSV-copper and the residual stresses determined by the electro deposition chemistry and annealing conditions. Thats why the authors pushed combined simulative/experimental approaches to extract the Youngs-modulus, initial yield stress and hardening coefficients in copper-TSVs from nanoindentation experiments, as well as the temperature dependent initial yield stress and hardening coefficients from bow measurements due to electroplated thin copper films on silicon under thermal cycling conditions. A FIB trench technique combined with digital image correlation is furthermore used to capture the residual stress state near the surface of TSVs. The extracted properties are discussed and used accordingly to investigate the pumping and protrusion of copper-TSVs during thermal cycling. Moreover, the cracking and delamination risks caused by the elevated temperature variation during BEoL ILD deposition are investigated with the help of fracture mechanics approaches.

  10. Summary and evaluation of existing geological and geophysical data near prospective surface facilities in Midway Valley, Yucca Mountain Project, Nye County, Nevada; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, J.D.; Swan, F.H.; Wesling, J.R.; Bullard, T.F.; Perman, R.C.; Angell, M.M.; DiSilvestro, L.A.

    1992-01-01

    Midway Valley, located at the eastern base of the Yucca Mountain in southwestern Nevada, is the preferred location of the surface facilities for the potential high-level nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. One goal in siting these surface facilities is to avoid faults that could produce relative displacements in excess of 5 cm in the foundations of the waste-handling buildings. This study reviews existing geologic and geophysical data that can be used to assess the potential for surface fault rupture within Midway Valley. Dominant tectonic features in Midway Valley are north-trending, westward-dipping normal faults along the margins of the valley: the Bow Ridge fault to the west and the Paintbrush Canyon fault to the east. Published estimates of average Quaternary slip rates for these faults are very low but the age of most recent displacement and the amount of displacement per event are largely unknown. Surface mapping and interpretive cross sections, based on limited drillhole and geophysical data, suggest that additional normal faults, including the postulated Midway Valley fault, may exist beneath the Quaternary/Tertiary fill within the valley. Existing data, however, are inadequate to determine the location, recency, and geometry of this faulting. To confidently assess the potential for significant Quaternary faulting in Midway Valley, additional data are needed that define the stratigraphy and structure of the strata beneath the valley, characterize the Quaternary soils and surfaces, and establish the age of faulting. The use of new and improved geophysical techniques, combined with a drilling program, offers the greatest potential for resolving subsurface structure in the valley. Mapping of surficial geologic units and logging of soil pits and trenches within these units must be completed, using accepted state-of-the-art practices supported by multiple quantitative numerical and relative age-dating techniques.

  11. Current enhancement of CdTe-based solar cells

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Paudel, Naba R.; Poplawsky, Jonathan D.; More, Karren Leslie; Yan, Yanfa

    2015-07-30

    We report on the realization of CdTe solar cell photocurrent enhancement using an n-type CdSe heterojunction partner sputtered on commercial SnO2/SnO2:F coated soda-lime glass substrates. With high-temperature close-space sublimation CdTe deposition followed by CdCl2 activation, this thin-film stack allows for substantial interdiffusion at the CdSe/CdTe interface facilitating a CdSexTe1-x alloy formation. The bowing effect causes a reduced optical bandgap of the alloyed absorber layer and, therefore, leads to current enhancement in the long-wavelength region and a decrease in open-circuit voltage (VOC). To overcome the VOC loss and maintain a high short-circuit current (JSC), the CdTe cell configuration has been modifiedmore » using combined CdS:O/CdSe window layers. The new device structure has demonstrated enhanced collection from both short-and long-wavelength regions as well as a VOC improvement. With an optimized synthesis process, a small-area cell using CdS:O/CdSe window layer showed an efficiency of 15.2% with a VOC of 831 mV, a JSC of 26.3 mA/cm2, and a fill factor of 69.5%, measured under an AM1.5 illumination without antireflection coating. Furthermore, the results provide new directions for further improvement of CdTe-based solar cells.« less

  12. HYPERSONIC BUCKSHOT: ASTROPHYSICAL JETS AS HETEROGENEOUS COLLIMATED PLASMOIDS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yirak, Kristopher; Frank, Adam; Cunningham, Andrew J.; Mitran, Sorin

    2009-04-20

    Herbig-Haro jets are commonly thought of as homogeneous beams of plasma traveling at hypersonic velocities. Structure within jet beams is often attributed to periodic or 'pulsed' variations of conditions at the jet source. Simulations based on this scenario result in knots extending across the jet diameter. Observations and recent high energy density laboratory experiments shed new light on structures below this scale and indicate they may be important for understanding the fundamentals of jet dynamics. In this paper, we offer an alternative to 'pulsed' models of protostellar jets. Using direct numerical simulations we explore the possibility that jets are chains of subradial clumps propagating through a moving interclump medium. Our models explore an idealization of this scenario by injecting small (r < r {sub jet}), dense ({rho}>{rho}{sub jet}) spheres embedded in an otherwise smooth interclump jet flow. The spheres are initialized with velocities differing from the jet velocity by {approx}15%. We find that the consequences of shifting from homogeneous to heterogeneous flows are significant as clumps interact with each other and with the interclump medium in a variety of ways. Structures which mimic what is expected from pulsed-jet models can form, as can be previously unseen, 'subradial' behaviors including backward facing bow shocks and off-axis working surfaces. While these small-scale structures have not been seen before in simulation studies, they are found in high-resolution jet observations. We discuss implications of our simulations for the interpretation of protostellar jets with regard to characterization of knots by a 'lifetime' or 'velocity history' approach as well as linking observed structures with central engines which produce the jets.

  13. Does the debris disk around HD 32297 contain cometary grains?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodigas, Timothy J.; Hinz, Philip M.; Bailey, Vanessa; Defrere, Denis; Leisenring, Jarron; Schneider, Glenn; Skemer, Andrew J.; Vaitheeswaran, Vidhya; Debes, John H.; Mamajek, Eric E.; Pecaut, Mark J.; Currie, Thayne; De Rosa, Robert J.; Ward-Duong, Kimberly; Hill, John M.; Skrutskie, Michael

    2014-03-01

    We present an adaptive optics imaging detection of the HD 32297 debris disk at L' (3.8 ?m) obtained with the LBTI/LMIRcam infrared instrument at the Large Binocular Telescope. The disk is detected at signal-to-noise ratio per resolution element ?3-7.5 from ?0.''3 to 1.''1 (30-120 AU). The disk at L' is bowed, as was seen at shorter wavelengths. This likely indicates that the disk is not perfectly edge-on and contains highly forward-scattering grains. Interior to ?50 AU, the surface brightness at L' rises sharply on both sides of the disk, which was also previously seen at Ks band. This evidence together points to the disk containing a second inner component located at ?50 AU. Comparing the color of the outer (50

  14. Precision welding cuts downtime at Grand Coulee Dam

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Light, S.; White, E.

    1997-03-01

    The three large 700-MW generators at Grand Coulee Dam--originally built and installed by Canadian General Electric in the late 1970s--are being upgraded using precision welding techniques and leading edge installation technology. These generators suffered from numerous water leaks at and around the bar water connections, resulting in a significant number of forced repair outages that were increasing in frequency. The US Bureau of Reclamation, in conjunction with the Bonneville Power Administration, decided to overhaul these machines. The design from Siemens Power Corp. provided state-of-the-art materials and included a rating increase from 700 to 805 MW, which would make these three machines the highest output single-unit hydrogenerators in the world. The upgrade was to be accomplished with only the replacement of the stator components; there would be no changes to the rotating element. The cost for all three machines is approximately $27.5 million. This project is described in this paper.

  15. Semiconductor Nanotechnology: Novel Materials and Devices for Electronics, Photonics, and Renewable Energy Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodnick, Stephen; Korkin, Anatoli; Krstic, Predrag S; Mascher, Peter; Preston, John; Zaslavsky, Alex

    2010-03-01

    Electronic and photonic information technology and renewable energy alternatives, such as solar energy, fuel cells and batteries, have now reached an advanced stage in their development. Cost-effective improvements to current technological approaches have made great progress, but certain challenges remain. As feature sizes of the latest generations of electronic devices are approaching atomic dimensions, circuit speeds are now being limited by interconnect bottlenecks. This has prompted innovations such as the introduction of new materials into microelectronics manufacturing at an unprecedented rate and alternative technologies to silicon CMOS architectures. Despite the environmental impact of conventional fossil fuel consumption, the low cost of these energy sources has been a long-standing economic barrier to the development of alternative and more efficient renewable energy sources, fuel cells and batteries. In the face of mounting environmental concerns, interest in such alternative energy sources has grown. It is now widely accepted that nanotechnology offers potential solutions for securing future progress in information and energy technologies. The Canadian Semiconductor Technology Conference (CSTC) forum was established 25 years ago in Ottawa as an important symbol of the intrinsic strength of the Canadian semiconductor research and development community, and the Canadian semiconductor industry as a whole. In 2007, the 13th CSTC was held in Montreal, moving for the first time outside the national capital region. The first three meetings in the series of Nano and Giga Challenges in Electronics and Photonics NGCM2002 in Moscow, NGCM2004 in Krakow, and NGC2007 in Phoenix were focused on interdisciplinary research from the fundamentals of materials science to the development of new system architectures. In 2009 NGC2009 and the 14th Canadian Semiconductor Technology Conference (CSTC2009) were held as a joint event, hosted by McMaster University (10 14 August, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada) and the scope was expanded to include renewable energy research and development. This special issue of Nanotechnology is devoted to a better understanding of the function and design of semiconductor devices that are relevant to information technology (both electronics and photonics based) and renewable energy applications. The papers contained in this special issue are selected from the NGC/CSTC2009 symposium. Among them is a report by Ray LaPierre from McMaster University and colleagues at the University of Waterloo in Canada on the ability to manipulate single spins in nanowire quantum bits. The paper also reports the development of a testbed of a few qubits for general quantum information processing tasks [1]. Lower cost and greater energy conversion efficiency compared with thin film devices have led to a high level of activity in nanowire research related to photovoltaic applications. This special issue also contains results from an impedance spectroscopy study of core shell GaAs nanowires to throw light on the transport and recombination mechanisms relevant to solar cell research [2]. Information technology research and renewable energy sources are research areas of enormous public interest. This special issue addresses both theoretical and experimental achievements and provides a stimulating outlook for technological developments in these highly topical fields of research. References [1] Caram J, Sandoval C, Tirado M, Comedi D, Czaban J, Thompson D A and LaPierre R R 2010 Electrical characteristics of core shell p-n GaAs nanowire structures with Te as the n-dopant Nanotechnology 21 134007 [2] Baugh J, Fung J S and LaPierre R R 2010 Building a spin quantum bit register using semiconductor nanowires Nanotechnology 21 134018

  16. Distributed generation: Early markets for emerging technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lenssen, N.; Cler, G.

    1999-11-01

    How will developers of emerging distributed generation technologies successfully commercialize their products. This paper presents one approach for these developers, borrowing from the experience of other developers of innovative technologies and services. E Source`s analysis suggests, however, that there is already more of a market for distributed generation than is generally recognized. US and Canadian firms already buy about 3,400 megawatts of small generators each year, mostly for backup power but some as the primary power source for selected loads and facilities. This demand is expected to double in 10 years. The global market for small generators is already more than 10 times this size, at some 40,000 megawatts per year, and it is expected to continue growing rapidly, especially in developing nations. Just how the emerging distributed generation technologies, such as microturbines, fuel cells, and Stirling engines compete-or surpass-the conventional technologies will have a huge impact on their eventual commercial success.

  17. An active atmospheric methane sink in high Arctic mineral cryosols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lau, Maggie C.Y.; Stackhouse, B.; Layton, Alice C.; Chauhan, Archana; Vishnivetskaya, T. A.; Chourey, Karuna; Mykytczuk, N. C.S.; Bennett, Phil C.; Lamarche-Gagnon, G.; Burton, N.; Renholm, J.; Hettich, R. L.; Pollard, W. H.; Omelon, C. R.; Medvigy, David M.; Pffifner, Susan M.; Whyte, L. G.; Onstott, T. C.

    2015-04-14

    The transition of Arctic carbon-rich cryosols into methane (CH?)-emitting wetlands due to global warming is a rising concern. However, the spatially predominant mineral cryosols and their CH? emission potential are poorly understood. Fluxes measured in situ and estimated under laboratory conditions coupled with -omics analysis indicate (1) mineral cryosols in the Canadian high Arctic contain atmospheric CH?-oxidizing bacteria; (2) the atmospheric CH? uptake flux increases with ground temperature; and, as a result, (3) the atmospheric CH? sink strength will increase by a factor of 5-30 as the Arctic warms by 5-15 C over a century. We demonstrated that acidic mineral cryosols have previously unrecognized potential of negative CH? feedback.

  18. The role of the U.S. Clean Coal Technology Program in implementing the objectives of the joint Canada-U.S. acid rain mitigation initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baldwin, A.L.; Smith, D.N.; Mann, A.W.; McIlvried, H.G.; Russell, D.L. Sr.

    1997-12-31

    The Clean Coal Technology (CCT) Program was initiated by the US Department of Energy (DOE) in part as a response to the 1986 Joint Report of the US and Canadian Special Envoys on Acid Rain, with a particular focus on coal-burning electric power plants. The fist three solicitations of the CCT Program were aimed primarily at mitigating the potential impacts of acid rain. Subsequently, the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 established emission reduction targets for SO{sub 2} and No{sub x}, which influenced the goals of the last two CCT Program. This paper provides an overview of the CCT Program and reports the significant results, with emphasis on emissions reduction as well as their impact on ozone formation.

  19. An active atmospheric methane sink in high Arctic mineral cryosols

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Lau, Maggie C.Y.; Stackhouse, B.; Layton, Alice C.; Chauhan, Archana; Vishnivetskaya, T. A.; Chourey, Karuna; Mykytczuk, N. C.S.; Bennett, Phil C.; Lamarche-Gagnon, G.; Burton, N.; et al

    2015-04-14

    The transition of Arctic carbon-rich cryosols into methane (CH₄)-emitting wetlands due to global warming is a rising concern. However, the spatially predominant mineral cryosols and their CH₄ emission potential are poorly understood. Fluxes measured in situ and estimated under laboratory conditions coupled with -omics analysis indicate (1) mineral cryosols in the Canadian high Arctic contain atmospheric CH₄-oxidizing bacteria; (2) the atmospheric CH⁺ uptake flux increases with ground temperature; and, as a result, (3) the atmospheric CH₄ sink strength will increase by a factor of 5-30 as the Arctic warms by 5-15 °C over a century. We demonstrated that acidic mineralmore » cryosols have previously unrecognized potential of negative CH₄ feedback.« less

  20. EIS-0433: Keystone XL Pipeline

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The proposed Keystone XL project consists of a 1,700-mile crude oil pipeline and related facilities that would primarily be used to transport Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin crude oil from an oil supply hub in Alberta, Canada to delivery points in Oklahoma and Texas. This EIS, prepared by the Department of State, evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposed Keystone XL project. DOE’s Western Area Power Administration, a cooperating agency, has jurisdiction over certain proposed transmission facilities (construction and operation of a short 230-kv transmission line and construction of a new substation). The State Department published a notice in the Federal Register on February 3, 2012, regarding the denial of the Keystone XL presidential permit (77 FR 5614).

  1. Solarnorth '81 by Tymura Solardesigns: diverse residential, commercial and industrial projects at and above the 48th parallel in Ontario, Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tymura, E.J.

    1981-01-01

    Solar Energy Heating Applications are On the Rise in and above the Northwestern City of Thunder Bay, on the northern shore of Lake Superior. Unique in their diversifications, the architectural commissions range from pure passive residential design thru hybrid systems; residential Greenhouse-Solarium active swimming pool and commercial hotel pool to inexpensive hybrid system for Canada's First Commercial Solar Lumber Drying Kiln; as well as combined earth sheltered with solar system design for a dormitory complex and shopping center. By May 1981, 7 buildings designed by Tymura Solardesigns in the Thunder Bay area will have been subjected to the Extreme Canadian climate (10,500/sup 0/F degree days, yearly temperature maximums from -41/sup 0/F to 90/sup 0/F, and solar fractions vary from 50% to 75%, with economic payback periods ranging between 7 and 10 years.

  2. Driving it home: choosing the right path for fueling North America's transportation future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ann Bordetsky; Susan Casey-Lefkowitz; Deron Lovaas; Elizabeth Martin-Perera; Melanie Nakagawa; Bob Randall; Dan Woynillowicz

    2007-06-15

    North America faces an energy crossroads. With the world fast approaching the end of cheap, plentiful conventional oil, we must choose between developing ever-dirtier sources of fossil fuels -- at great cost to our health and environment -- or setting a course for a more sustainable energy future of clean, renewable fuels. This report explores the full scale of the damage done by attempts to extract oil from liquid coal, oil shale, and tar sands; examines the risks for investors of gambling on these dirty fuel sources; and lays out solutions for guiding us toward a cleaner fuel future. Table of contents: Executive Summary; Chapter 1: Transportation Fuel at a Crossroads; Chapter 2: Canadian Tar Sands: Scraping the Bottom of the Barrel in Endangered Forests; Chapter 3: Oil Shale Extraction: Drilling Through the American West; Chapter 4: Liquid Coal: A 'Clean Fuel' Mirage; Chapter 5: The Investment Landscape: Dirty Fuels Are Risky Business; Chapter 6: The Clean Path for Transportation and Conclusion.

  3. Workshop on user experience with gas-insulated substations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graybill, H.W.

    1981-12-01

    There is widespread interest among American and Canadian utilities in the interchange of operating and maintenance experience with gas-insulated substations (GIS). Those utilities who do not yet have GIS on their systems are likewise interested in the operating experience of those who do. A two-day workshop on GIS was held in Portland, Oregon, on July 30 and 31, 1981. The first day of the workshop was open to users only, and the agenda for the day consisted of user presentations on the following subjects: GIS station design and layout; specification and acquisition of GIS equipment; installation and commissioning; and operation and maintenance. On the second day, manufacturers were invited to present their experience, status, and progress in recent developments and improvements. The session was concluded with a general discussion of experience, problems, etc. No formal written papers were presented. The highlights of each verbal presentation and of ensuing discussion are presented in this report.

  4. A Framework for the Evaluation of the Cost and Benefits of Microgrids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, Greg Young; Abbey, Chad; Joos, Geza; Marnay, Chris

    2011-07-15

    A Microgrid is recognized as an innovative technology to help integrate renewables into distribution systems and to provide additional benefits to a variety of stakeholders, such as offsetting infrastructure investments and improving the reliability of the local system. However, these systems require additional investments for control infrastructure, and as such, additional costs and the anticipated benefits need to be quantified in order to determine whether the investment is economically feasible. This paper proposes a methodology for systematizing and representing benefits and their interrelationships based on the UML Use Case paradigm, which allows complex systems to be represented in a concise, elegant format. This methodology is demonstrated by determining the economic feasibility of a Microgrid and Distributed Generation installed on a typical Canadian rural distribution system model as a case study. The study attempts to minimize the cost of energy served to the community, considering the fixed costs associated with Microgrids and Distributed Generation, and suggests benefits to a variety of stakeholders.

  5. Petroleum Marketing Monthly

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    F.O.B.[a] costs of imported crude oil for selected crude streams dollars per barrel Year quarter month Canadian Lloydminster Iraqi Basrah Light Mexican Mayan Nigerian Qua Iboe Venezuelan Merey 1995 14.44 - 14.37 - - 1996 17.14 - 17.43 - - 1997 14.29 - 14.97 - - 1998 9.18 - 8.75 - - 1999 15.19 - 14.20 - - 2000 22.94 - 23.31 - - 2001 16.77 - 16.83 - - 2002 20.79 - 20.79 - - 2003 W - 24.14 - - 2004 29.31 - 30.11 - - 2005 35.13 - 40.69 - - 2006 44.55 - 51.29 - - 2007 48.54 - 59.96 - - 2008 79.33 -

  6. Measurement of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the air along the niagara river

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoff, R.M.; Chan, K.W.

    1987-06-01

    Two week-long studies in 1982-1983 have measure ambient concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and phthalate esters in air in both the particulate and gas phase along the US-Canadian border and the Niagara River. Concentrations of the PAH species monitored varied from 3 pg m/sup -3/ to 40 ng m/sup -3/. PAH's with three rings or less were found in significant proportions in the gas phase while larger molecules are almost solely in the particulate phase. Particulate components of the PAH loadings appear to originate locally with Buffalo, NY, Niagara Falls, NY, and Niagara Falls, Ontario, as probably sources. Gas-phase PAH components have a more regional character indicating regional or long-range transport. Levels of benzo(a)pyrene are consistent with previous particulate measurements made along the river since 1981.

  7. U.S., Canada pipeline work shows gain in 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watts, J.

    1994-01-01

    Pipeline construction activity in the US and Canada is expected to be down slightly during 1994 from 1993 mileage, even though natural gas pipeline work remains steady on both sides of the border. Pipeline and Gas Journal and Pipeline and Utilities Construction estimate that a total of 3.638 miles of new gas, crude oil and refined products pipeline will be installed during 1994 in the US, down from a total of 4.278 miles built in 1993. Canadian 1994 work remains essentially unchanged in 1994, with 1,094 new miles compared to 1,091 miles in 1993. This paper reviews the proposed construction by region and company. It includes information on mileage, type pipeline, and estimated completion date.

  8. Day of reckoning for the Garrison project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holden, C.

    1984-08-31

    A 12-member commission appointed by the Interior Department could decide to stop or change the Garrison Diversion Unit irrigation project in North Dakota. Under attack since the early 1970s by environmentalists and farmers whose land was disrupted, the project would store and divert water from the Missouri River in a series of canals and reservoirs. The project also ran into trouble with the Canadian government over concerns about pollution from irrigation runoff. Promoted heavily by the Reagan administration as a way to provide irrigation to dry areas and stabilize the economy, the project conflicts with other government payments to farmers to limit production. Little evidence supports the need to supplement municipal water supplies. Controversy over these issues, the value of free drainage to farmers, the impact of fish screens and other environmental impacts underscroes the need to develop a workable plan agreeable to both sides.

  9. A new spin on the rotary engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ashley, S.

    1995-04-01

    This article reports on a Canadian company that is trying to develop high-power, low-weight motors based on a novel axial-vane rotary engine concept. A promising new attempt at a practical rotary engine is the Rand Cam engine now being developed by Reg Technologies Inc. The Rand Cam engine is a four-stroke, positive-displacement power plant based on an axial-vane compression/expansion mechanism with only nine moving parts (eight vanes and a rotor). The new engine design uses passive ports rather than mechanically operated valves, and it features lighter-weight reciprocating parts than customary pistons. The Rand Cam operates at lower speeds than a typical Wankel engine (less than 2,000 rpm) and at higher compression ratios. Chamber sealing is accomplished using sliding axial vanes rather than the motion of an eccentric rotor.

  10. A Comprehensive Approach to Bi-National Regional Energy Planning in the Pacific Northwest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matt Morrison

    2007-12-31

    The Pacific NorthWest Economic Region, a statutory organization chartered by the Northwest states of Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana, and Oregon, and the western Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon through its Energy Working Group launched a bi-national energy planning initiative designed to create a Pacific Northwest energy planning council of regional public/private stakeholders from both Canada and the US. There is an urgent need to deal with the comprehensive energy picture now before our hoped for economic recovery results in energy price spikes which are likely to happen because the current supply will not meet predicted demand. Also recent events of August 14th have shown that our bi-national energy grid system is intricately interdependent, and additional planning for future capacity is desperately needed.

  11. 1993 International conference on nuclear waste management and environmental remediation, Prague, Czech Republic, September 5--11, 1993. Combined foreign trip report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Slate, S.C.; Allen, R.E.

    1993-12-01

    The purpose of the trip was to attend the 1993 International Conference on Nuclear Waste Management and Environmental Remediation. The principal objective of this conference was to facilitate a truly international exchange of information on the management of nuclear wastes as well as contaminated facilities and sites emanating from nuclear operations. The conference was sponsored by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the Czech and Slovak Mechanical Engineering Societies, and the Czech and Slovak Nuclear Societies in cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the OECD Nuclear Agency. The conference was cosponsored by the American Nuclear Society, the Atomic Energy Society of Japan, the Canadian Nuclear Society, the (former USSR) Nuclear Society, and the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. This was the fourth in a series of biennial conferences, which started in Hong Kong, in 1987. This report summarizes shared aspects of the trip; however, each traveler`s observations and recommendations are reported separately.

  12. Revenue surge to sustain drilling in U.S. and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.; Petzet, G.A.

    1997-01-27

    Drilling activity in the US and Canada will remain strong in 1997 after increasing in 1996. Oil and Gas Journal figures indicate that rising oil and gas prices provided operators during 1996 with their highest wellhead revenues since 1985. This portends robust capital and exploration spending as long as operators follow through with plans revealed in recent weeks. Also encouraging operators to boost drilling programs are economically juicy plays in the Gulf of Mexico, Gulf Coast, and several other onshore areas. A group of major oil companies indicated plans to increase US exploratory drilling this year against a slight dip in total US drilling. And Canada is matching or exceeding forecasters` expectations, with no letup in view from its last few years` pace of 11,000--12,000 wells/year. The paper discusses US economics, year to year performance, activities of the major oil companies, and Canadian activities.

  13. Energy consumption in thermomechanical pulping

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marton, R.; Tsujimoto, N.; Eskelinen, E.

    1981-08-01

    Various components of refining energy were determined experimentally and compared with those calculated on the basis of the dimensions of morphological elements of wood. The experimentally determined fiberization energy of spruce was 6 to 60 times larger than the calculated value and that of birch 3 to 15 times larger. The energy consumed in reducing the Canadian standard freeness of isolated fibers from 500 to 150 ml was found to be approximately 1/3 of the total fiber development energy for both spruce and birch TMP. Chip size affected the refining energy consumption; the total energy dropped by approximately 30% when chip size was reduced from 16 mm to 3 mm in the case of spruce and approximately 40% for birch. 6 refs.

  14. Is recycling worth the trouble

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boltz, C.M.

    1995-03-01

    A panel of waste industry experts met recently at a Washington, DC, conference to discuss and debate the costs, benefits, and economics of recycling solid waste. The nearly unanimous conclusion from some of the speakers--that recycling, as it is implemented today, has costs that far outweigh its benefits--is evidence of a growing backlash among solid waste officials against a recycling movement they feel has been grossly over-inflated by environmental groups as a solution to a non-existent problem known as the garbage crisis. The public should not place such a strong emphasis on recycling as a cure-all for environmental problems, according to the panel of four waste management policy analysts at The State of Garbage'' session held in mid-January at the 1995 US/Canadian Federation Solid Waste Management Conference. Moreover, some panel members said, recycling should take place only if it makes economic sense.

  15. N"I. L-S- Rad. Mat. DU

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    N"I. L-S- Rad. Mat. DU DU (UF4) Enr. U. Norm. U Thorium 3/4 Ti Alloy Subtotals Commercial/ (1958-1971) TOTALS EXHIBIT 3 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PROCESSED AT NL-ALBANY PLANT, 1958-1982: GROSS SUMMARY OF INFORMATION FROM NUCLEAR MATERIAL TRANSACTION REPORTS (DOE/NRC Form 741 and Predecessor Forms) Material Net Weight (Pounds) DOE-Owned Canadian Supplied L/ Gov.-owned 5,660,914.3 0 2,469,268.2 100,686.l 7.7 57,358.Z 336,754 38,090.4 0 1,813 0 8,328,130.2 336,761.7 .8,328,130.2 336,761.7 2,603,763

  16. Microsoft Word - Conference notice - Mansurtti.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - - C C A A N N A A D D A A P P O O W W E E R R S S Y Y S S T T E E M M O O U U T T A A G G E E T T A A S S K K F F O O R R C C E E CONFERENCE FOR PUBLIC REVIEW DRAFT REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE TASK FORCE RECOMMENDATIONS CANADIAN EMBASSY 501 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, D.C. June 22, 2006, 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Embassy Theatre (basement level) On Thursday, June 22, in Washington, D.C., the U.S.-Canada Power System Outage Task Force will hold a conference for stakeholders and the

  17. PLAINS CO2 REDUCTION (PCOR) PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward N. Steadman; Daniel J. Daly; Lynette L. de Silva; John A. Harju; Melanie D. Jensen; Erin M. O'Leary; Wesley D. Peck; Steven A. Smith; James A. Sorensen

    2006-01-01

    During the period of October 1, 2003, through September 30, 2005, the Plains CO2 Reduction (PCOR) Partnership, identified geologic and terrestrial candidates for near-term practical and environmentally sound carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration demonstrations in the heartland of North America. The PCOR Partnership region covered nine states and three Canadian provinces. The validation test candidates were further vetted to ensure that they represented projects with (1) commercial potential and (2) a mix that would support future projects both dependent and independent of CO2 monetization. This report uses the findings contained in the PCOR Partnership's two dozen topical reports and half-dozen fact sheets as well as the capabilities of its geographic information system-based Decision Support System to provide a concise picture of the sequestration potential for both terrestrial and geologic sequestration in the PCOR Partnership region based on assessments of sources, sinks, regulations, deployment issues, transportation, and capture and separation. The report also includes concise action plans for deployment and public education and outreach as well as a brief overview of the structure, development, and capabilities of the PCOR Partnership. The PCOR Partnership is one of seven regional partnerships under Phase I of the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory's Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership program. The PCOR Partnership, comprising 49 public and private sector members, is led by the Energy & Environmental Research Center at the University of North Dakota. The international PCOR Partnership region includes the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba and the states of Montana (part), Wyoming (part), North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Missouri, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

  18. Kootenai River Focus Watershed Coordination, 2002-2003 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Munson, Bob; Munson, Vicki; Rogers, Rox

    2003-10-01

    The Kootenai River Network Inc. (KRN) was incorporated in Montana in early 1995 with a mission ''to involve stakeholders in the protection and restoration of the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Kootenai River Basin waters''. The KRN operates with funding from donations, membership dues, private, state and federal grants, and with funding through the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) for a Focus Watershed Coordinator Program. The Focus Watershed Program is administered to KRN as of October 2001, through a Memorandum of Understanding. Katie Randall resigned her position as Watershed Coordinator in late January 2003 and Munson Consulting was contracted to fill that position through the BPA contract period ending May 30, 2003. To improve communications with in the Kootenai River watershed, the board and staff engaged watershed stakeholders in a full day KRN watershed conference on May 15 and 16 in Bonners Ferry, Idaho. This Annual General Meeting was a tremendous success with over 75 participants representing over 40 citizen groups, tribes and state/provincial/federal agencies from throughout northern Montana and Idaho as well as British Columbia and Alberta. Membership in the KRN increased during the course of the BPA 02/03 grant period. The board of directors grew in numbers during this same time frame and an Advisory Council was formed to assist in transboundary efforts while developing two reorganized KRN committees (Habitat/Restoration/Monitoring (HRM) and Communication/Education/Outreach (CEO)). These committees will serve pivotal roles in communications, outreach, and education about watershed issues, as well as habitat restoration work being accomplished throughout the entire watershed. During this BPA grant period, the KRN has capitalized on the transboundary interest in the Kootenai River watershed. Jim and Laura Duncan of Kimberley, British Columbia, have been instrumental volunteers who have acted as Canadian liaisons to the KRN. As a result, restoration work is in the planning stages for Canadian tributaries that flow into the Moyie River in northern Idaho and the Yaak River in northwest Montana.

  19. Exact evaluation of the rates of electrostatic decay and scattering off thermal ions for an unmagnetized Maxwellian plasma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Layden, B.; Cairns, Iver H.; Robinson, P. A.

    2013-08-15

    Electrostatic decay of Langmuir waves into Langmuir and ion sound waves (L?L?+S) and scattering of Langmuir waves off thermal ions (L+i?L?+i?, also called nonlinear Landau damping) are important nonlinear weak-turbulence processes. The rates for these processes depend on the quadratic longitudinal response function ?{sup (2)} (or, equivalently, the quadratic longitudinal susceptibility ?{sup (2)}), which describes the second-order response of a plasma to electrostatic wave fields. Previous calculations of these rates for an unmagnetized Maxwellian plasma have relied upon an approximate form for ?{sup (2)} that is valid where two of the wave fields are fast (i.e., v{sub ?}=?/k?V{sub e} where ? is the angular frequency, k is the wavenumber, and V{sub e} is the electron thermal speed) and one is slow (v{sub ?}?V{sub e}). Recently, an exact expression was derived for ?{sup (2)} that is valid for any phase speeds of the three waves in an unmagnetized Maxwellian plasma. Here, this exact ?{sup (2)} is applied to the calculation of the three-dimensional rates for electrostatic decay and scattering off thermal ions, and the resulting exact rates are compared with the approximate rates. The calculations are performed using previously derived three-dimensional rates for electrostatic decay given in terms of a general ?{sup (2)}, and newly derived three-dimensional rates for scattering off thermal ions; the scattering rate is derived assuming a Maxwellian ion distribution, and both rates are derived assuming arc distributions for the wave spectra. For most space plasma conditions, the approximate rate is found to be accurate to better than 20%; however, for sufficiently low Langmuir phase speeds (v{sub ?}/V{sub e}?3) appropriate to some spatial domains of the foreshock regions of planetary bow shocks and type II solar radio bursts, the use of the exact rate may be necessary for accurate calculations. The relative rates of electrostatic decay and scattering off thermal ions are calculated for a range of parameters using the exact expressions for the rates; electrostatic decay is found to have the larger growth rate over the whole range of parameters, consistent with previous approximate calculations.

  20. Development of Production PVD-AIN Buffer Layer System and Processes to Reduce Epitaxy Costs and Increase LED Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cerio, Frank

    2013-09-14

    The DOE has set aggressive goals for solid state lighting (SSL) adoption, which require manufacturing and quality improvements for virtually all process steps leading to an LED luminaire product. The goals pertinent to this proposed project are to reduce the cost and improve the quality of the epitaxial growth processes used to build LED structures. The objectives outlined in this proposal focus on achieving cost reduction and performance improvements over state-of-the-art, using technologies that are low in cost and amenable to high efficiency manufacturing. The objectives of the outlined proposal focus on cost reductions in epitaxial growth by reducing epitaxy layer thickness and hetero-epitaxial strain, and by enabling the use of larger, less expensive silicon substrates and would be accomplished through the introduction of a high productivity reactive sputtering system and an effective sputtered aluminum-nitride (AlN) buffer/nucleation layer process. Success of the proposed project could enable efficient adoption of GaN on-silicon (GaN/Si) epitaxial technology on 150mm silicon substrates. The reduction in epitaxy cost per cm{sup 2} using 150mm GaN-on-Si technology derives from (1) a reduction in cost of ownership and increase in throughput for the buffer deposition process via the elimination of MOCVD buffer layers and other throughput and CoO enhancements, (2) improvement in brightness through reductions in defect density, (3) reduction in substrate cost through the replacement of sapphire with silicon, and (4) reduction in non-ESD yield loss through reductions in wafer bow and temperature variation. The adoption of 150mm GaN/Si processing will also facilitate significant cost reductions in subsequent wafer fabrication manufacturing costs. There were three phases to this project. These three phases overlap in order to aggressively facilitate a commercially available production GaN/Si capability. In Phase I of the project, the repeatability of the performance was analyzed and improvements implemented to the Veeco PVD-AlN prototype system to establish a specification and baseline PVD-AlN films on sapphire and in parallel the evaluation of PVD AlN on silicon substrates began. In Phase II of the project a Beta tool based on a scaled-up process module capable of depositing uniform films on batches of 4”or 6” diameter substrates in a production worthy operation was developed and qualified. In Phase III, the means to increase the throughput of the PVD-AlN system was evaluated and focused primarily on minimizing the impact of the substrate heating and cooling times that dominated the overall cycle time.

  1. Elastic relaxations associated with the Pm3m-R3c transition in LaA103 III: superattenuation of acoustic resonances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darling, Timothy W; Carpenter, M A; Buckley, A; Taylor, P A; Mcknight, R E A

    2009-01-01

    Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy has been used to characterize elastic softening and a variety of new acoustic dissipation processes associated with the Pm{bar 3}m {leftrightarrow} R{bar 3}c transition in single crystal and ceramic samples of LaAlO{sub 3}. Softening of the cubic structure ahead of the transition point is not accompanied by an increase in dissipation but follows different temperature dependences for the bulk modulus, 1/3(C{sub 11} + 2C{sub 12}), and the shear components 1/2(C{sub 11}-C{sub 12}) and C{sub 44} as if the tilting instability contains two slightly different critical temperatures. The transition itself is marked by the complete disappearance of resonance peaks (superattenuation), which then reappear below {approx}700 K in spectra from single crystals. Comparison with low frequency, high stress data from the literature indicate that the dissipation is not due to macroscopic displacement of needle twins. An alternative mechanism, local bowing of twin walls under low dynamic stress, is proposed. Pinning of the walls with respect to this displacement process occurs below {approx}350 K. Anelasticity maps, analogous to plastic deformation mechanism maps, are proposed to display dispersion relations and temperature/frequency/stress fields for different twin wall related dissipation mechanisms. An additional dissipation process, with an activation energy of 43 {+-} 6 kJ.mole{sup -1}, occurs in the vicinity of 250 K. The mechanism for this is not known, but it is associated with C{sub 44} and therefore appears to be related in some way to the cubic {leftrightarrow} rhombohedral transition at {approx}817 K. Slight softening in the temperature interval {approx}220 {yields} 70 K of resonance peaks determined by shear elastic constants hints at an incipient E{sub g} ferroelastic instability in LaAlO{sub 3}. The softening interval ends with a further dissipation peak at {approx} 60 K, the origin of which is discussed in terms of freezing of atomic motions of La and/or Al away from their high symmetry positions in the R{bar 3}c structure. LaAlO{sub 3} thus shows evidence of incipient instabilities at low temperatures which is potentially analogous with the phenomenologically rich behavior of SrTiO{sub 3}.

  2. On the interaction of the PKS B1358113 radio galaxy with the A1836 cluster

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stawarz, ?.; Simionescu, A.; Hagino, K.; Szostek, A.; Kozie?-Wierzbowska, D.; Ostrowski, M.; Cheung, C. C.; Siemiginowska, A.; Harris, D. E.; Werner, N.; Madejski, G.; Begelman, M. C.

    2014-10-20

    Here we present the analysis of multifrequency data gathered for the Fanaroff-Riley type-II (FR II) radio galaxy PKS B1358-113, hosted in the brightest cluster galaxy in the center of A1836. The galaxy harbors one of the most massive black holes known to date, and our analysis of the acquired optical data reveals that this black hole is only weakly active, with a mass accretion rate M-dot {sub acc}?210{sup ?4} M-dot {sub Edd}?0.02 M{sub ?} yr{sup 1}. Based on analysis of new Chandra and XMM-Newton X-ray observations and archival radio data, and assuming the well-established model for the evolution of FR II radio galaxies, we derive the preferred range for the jet kinetic luminosity L {sub j} ? (1-6) 10{sup 3} L {sub Edd} ? (0.5-3) 10{sup 45} erg s{sup 1}. This is above the values implied by various scaling relations proposed for radio sources in galaxy clusters, being instead very close to the maximum jet power allowed for the given accretion rate. We also constrain the radio source lifetime as ?{sub j} ? 40-70 Myr, meaning the total amount of deposited jet energy E {sub tot} ? (2-8) 10{sup 60} erg. We argue that approximately half of this energy goes into shock heating of the surrounding thermal gas, and the remaining 50% is deposited into the internal energy of the jet cavity. The detailed analysis of the X-ray data provides indication for the presence of a bow shock driven by the expanding radio lobes into the A1836 cluster environment. We derive the corresponding shock Mach number in the range M{sub sh}?2--4, which is one of the highest claimed for clusters or groups of galaxies. This, together with the recently growing evidence that powerful FR II radio galaxies may not be uncommon in the centers of clusters at higher redshifts, supports the idea that jet-induced shock heating may indeed play an important role in shaping the properties of clusters, galaxy groups, and galaxies in formation. In this context, we speculate on a possible bias against detecting stronger jet-driven shocks in poorer environments, resulting from inefficient electron heating at the shock front, combined with a relatively long electron-ion temperature equilibration timescale.

  3. Integrating Nuclear Energy to Oilfield Operations – Two Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric P. Robertson; Lee O. Nelson; Michael G. McKellar; Anastasia M. Gandrik; Mike W. Patterson

    2011-11-01

    Fossil fuel resources that require large energy inputs for extraction, such as the Canadian oil sands and the Green River oil shale resource in the western USA, could benefit from the use of nuclear power instead of power generated by natural gas combustion. This paper discusses the technical and economic aspects of integrating nuclear energy with oil sands operations and the development of oil shale resources. A high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) that produces heat in the form of high pressure steam (no electricity production) was selected as the nuclear power source for both fossil fuel resources. Both cases were based on 50,000 bbl/day output. The oil sands case was a steam-assisted, gravity-drainage (SAGD) operation located in the Canadian oil sands belt. The oil shale development was an in-situ oil shale retorting operation located in western Colorado, USA. The technical feasibility of the integrating nuclear power was assessed. The economic feasibility of each case was evaluated using a discounted cash flow, rate of return analysis. Integrating an HTGR to both the SAGD oil sands operation and the oil shale development was found to be technically feasible for both cases. In the oil sands case, integrating an HTGR eliminated natural gas combustion and associated CO2 emissions, although there were still some emissions associated with imported electrical power. In the in situ oil shale case, integrating an HTGR reduced CO2 emissions by 88% and increased natural gas production by 100%. Economic viabilities of both nuclear integrated cases were poorer than the non-nuclear-integrated cases when CO2 emissions were not taxed. However, taxing the CO2 emissions had a significant effect on the economics of the non-nuclear base cases, bringing them in line with the economics of the nuclear-integrated cases. As we move toward limiting CO2 emissions, integrating non-CO2-emitting energy sources to the development of energy-intense fossil fuel resources is becoming increasingly important. This paper attempts to reduce the barriers that have traditionally separated fossil fuel development and application of nuclear power and to promote serious discussion of ideas about hybrid energy systems.

  4. Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    2013-09-18

    ABCLAT was built to help any model user with spatially explicit Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Carbon Dioxide nutrient flux information, and solar resource information evaluate algal cultivation potential. Initial applications of this modeling framework include Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool Canada and Australia. The Canadian application was copyrighted November 29th 2011 as the Algae Biofuels Co-Location Assessment Tool for Canada. This copyright assertion is for the general framework from which any country or region with themore » requisite data could create a regionally specific application. The ABCLAT model framework developed by SNL looks at the growth potential in a given region as a function of available nutrients from wastewater and other sources, carbon dioxide from power plants, available solar potential, and if available, land cover and use information. The model framework evaluates the biomass potential, fixed carbon dioxide, potential algal biocrude and required land area for nutrient sources. ABCLAT is built with an object-oriented software program that can provide an easy to use interface for exploring questions related to aigal biomass production.« less

  5. Global climate change and maize production in Spain: Risk assessment and impacts of weather on yields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feijoo, M.L.; Mestre, F.; Iglesias, A.; Rosenzweig, C.

    1996-12-31

    The study evaluates the potential effect of climate change on maize production in Spain, combining climate models, a crop productivity model, a decision support system and a yield-response model. The study was carried out for two agricultural regions that include the largest areas of Spain where maize is grown as a high input crop. The paper combines the output from a crop model with different techniques of analysis. The scenarios used in this study were generated from the output of two General Circulation Models (GCMs): the Goddard Institute for Space Studies model (GISS) and the Canadian Climate Change Model (CCCM). The study also includes a preliminary evaluation of the potential changes in monetary returns taking into account the possible variability of grain yields and prices, using mean-Gini stochastic dominance (MGSD). A yield response model was estimated using simulated data from the crop model. Weather variables are included. Typically, temperature and precipitation are the only weather variables included in these models. However, solar radiation is another important climate factor for plant growth and development and were included in the yield response model.

  6. 1987 wet deposition temporal and spatial patterns in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simpson, J.C.; Olsen, A.R.

    1990-03-01

    The focus of this report is on North American wet deposition temporal patterns from 1979 to 1987 and spatial patterns for 1987. The report investigates the patterns of annual precipitation-weighted average concentration and annual deposition for nine ion species: hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, calcium, chloride, sodium, potassium, and magnesium. Data are from the Acid Deposition System (ADS) for the statistical reporting of North American deposition data which includes the National Atmospheric Deposition Program/National Trends Network (NADP/NTN), the MAP3S precipitation chemistry network, the Utility Acid Precipitation Study Program (UAPSP), the Canadian Precipitation Monitoring Network (CAPMoN), and the daily and 4-weekly Acidic Precipitation in Ontario Study (APIOS-D and APIOS-C). Mosaic maps, based on surface estimation using kriging, display concentration and deposition spatial patterns of pH, hydrogen, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, and calcium ion species for 1987 annual, winter, and summer periods. The temporal pattern analyses use a subset of 39 sites over a 9-year (1979--1987) period and an expanded subset of 140 sites with greater spatial coverage over a 6-year (1982--1987) period. 68 refs., 15 figs., 15 tabs.

  7. Preliminary assessment of the availability of U.S. natural gas resources to meet U.S. transportation energy demand.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, M. K.; Moore, J. S.

    2002-03-04

    Recent studies have indicated that substitutes for conventional petroleum resources will be needed to meet U.S. transportation energy demand in the first half of this century. One possible substitute is natural gas which can be used as a transportation fuel directly in compressed natural gas or liquefied natural gas vehicles or as resource fuel for the production of hydrogen for fuel cell vehicles. This paper contains a preliminary assessment of the availability of U.S. natural gas resources to meet future U.S. transportation fuel demand. Several scenarios of natural gas demand, including transportation demand, in the U.S. to 2050 are developed. Natural gas resource estimates for the U. S. are discussed. Potential Canadian and Mexican exports to the U.S. are estimated. Two scenarios of potential imports from outside North America are also developed. Considering all these potential imports, U.S. natural gas production requirements to 2050 to meet the demand scenarios are developed and compared with the estimates of U.S. natural gas resources. The comparison results in a conclusion that (1) given the assumptions made, there are likely to be supply constraints on the availability of U.S. natural gas supply post-2020 and (2) if natural gas use in transportation grows substantially, it will have to compete with other sectors of the economy for that supply-constrained natural gas.

  8. Update on cavern disposal of NORM-contaminated oil field wastes.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J. A.

    1998-09-22

    Some types of oil and gas production and processing wastes contain naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM). If NORM is present at concentrations above regulatory levels in oil field waste, the waste requires special disposal practices. The existing disposal options for wastes containing NORM are limited and costly. Argonne National Laboratory has previously evaluated the feasibility, legality, risk and economics of disposing of nonhazardous oil field wastes, other than NORM waste, in salt caverns. Cavern disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste, other than NORM waste, is occurring at four Texas facilities, in several Canadian facilities, and reportedly in Europe. This paper evaluates the legality, technical feasibility, economics, and human health risk of disposing of NORM-contaminated oil field wastes in salt caverns as well. Cavern disposal of NORM waste is technically feasible and poses a very low human health risk. From a legal perspective, a review of federal regulations and regulations from several states indicated that there are no outright prohibitions against NORM disposal in salt caverns or other Class II wells, except for Louisiana which prohibits disposal of radioactive wastes or other radioactive materials in salt domes. Currently, however, only Texas and New Mexico are working on disposal cavern regulations, and no states have issued permits to allow cavern disposal of NORM waste. On the basis of the costs currently charged for cavern disposal of nonhazardous oil field waste (NOW), NORM waste disposal in caverns is likely to be cost competitive with existing NORM waste disposal methods when regulatory agencies approve the practice.

  9. Natural gas imports and exports. Second quarter report 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-31

    This quarter`s feature report focuses on natural gas exports to Mexico. OFP invites ideas from the public on future topics dealing with North American natural gas import/export trade. Such suggestions should be left on OFP`s electronic bulletin board. Natural Gas exports to Mexico continued to grow and reached an historic high for the month of June (7.8 Bcf). Two new long-term contracts were activated; Pennsylvania Gas & Water Company began importing 14.7 MMcf per day from TransCanada PipeLines Ltd., and Renaissance Energy (U.S.) Inc. began importing 2.8 MMcf per day from Renaissance Energy Ltd. for resale to Delmarva Power & Light Company. Algerian LNG imports remained stagnant with only one tanker being imported by Pan National Gas Sales, Inc. (Pan National). During the first six months of 1995, data indicates gas imports increased by about 10 percent over the 1994 level (1,418 vs. 1,285 Bcf), with Canadian imports increasing by 14 percent and Algerian imports decreasing by 81 percent. During the same time period, exports increased by 18 percent (83 vs. 70.1 Bcf).

  10. Uncertainty quantification for nuclear density functional theory and information content of new measurements

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    McDonnell, J. D.; Schunck, N.; Higdon, D.; Sarich, J.; Wild, S. M.; Nazarewicz, W.

    2015-03-24

    Statistical tools of uncertainty quantification can be used to assess the information content of measured observables with respect to present-day theoretical models, to estimate model errors and thereby improve predictive capability, to extrapolate beyond the regions reached by experiment, and to provide meaningful input to applications and planned measurements. To showcase new opportunities offered by such tools, we make a rigorous analysis of theoretical statistical uncertainties in nuclear density functional theory using Bayesian inference methods. By considering the recent mass measurements from the Canadian Penning Trap at Argonne National Laboratory, we demonstrate how the Bayesian analysis and a direct least-squaresmore » optimization, combined with high-performance computing, can be used to assess the information content of the new data with respect to a model based on the Skyrme energy density functional approach. Employing the posterior probability distribution computed with a Gaussian process emulator, we apply the Bayesian framework to propagate theoretical statistical uncertainties in predictions of nuclear masses, two-neutron dripline, and fission barriers. Overall, we find that the new mass measurements do not impose a constraint that is strong enough to lead to significant changes in the model parameters. In addition, the example discussed in this study sets the stage for quantifying and maximizing the impact of new measurements with respect to current modeling and guiding future experimental efforts, thus enhancing the experiment-theory cycle in the scientific method.« less

  11. TYCHO SN 1572: A NAKED Ia SUPERNOVA REMNANT WITHOUT AN ASSOCIATED AMBIENT MOLECULAR CLOUD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tian, W. W.; Leahy, D. A.

    2011-03-10

    The historical supernova remnant (SNR) Tycho SN 1572 originates from the explosion of a normal Type Ia supernova that is believed to have originated from a carbon-oxygen white dwarf in a binary system. We analyze the 21 cm continuum, H I, and {sup 12}CO-line data from the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey in the direction of SN 1572 and the surrounding region. We construct H I absorption spectra to SN 1572 and three nearby compact sources. We conclude that SN 1572 has no molecular cloud interaction, which argues against previous claims that a molecular cloud is interacting with the SNR. This new result does not support a recent claim that dust, newly detected by AKARI, originates from such an SNR-cloud interaction. We suggest that the SNR has a kinematic distance of 2.5-3.0 kpc based on a nonlinear rotational curve model. Very high energy {gamma}-ray emission from the remnant has been detected by the VERITAS telescope, so our result shows that its origin should not be an SNR-cloud interaction. Both radio and X-ray observations support that SN 1572 is an isolated Type Ia SNR.

  12. Columbia River Treaty History and 2014/2024 Review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-02-01

    The Columbia River, the fourth largest river on the continent as measured by average annual flow, generates more power than any other river in North America. While its headwaters originate in British Columbia, only about 15 percent of the 259,500 square miles of the Columbia River Basin is actually located in Canada. Yet the Canadian waters account for about 38 percent of the average annual volume, and up to 50 percent of the peak flood waters, that flow by The Dalles Dam on the Columbia River between Oregon and Washington. In the 1940s, officials from the United States and Canada began a long process to seek a joint solution to the flooding caused by the unregulated Columbia River and to the postwar demand for greater energy resources. That effort culminated in the Columbia River Treaty, an international agreement between Canada and the United States for the cooperative development of water resources regulation in the upper Columbia River Basin. It was signed in 1961 and implemented in 1964.

  13. Regulatory Oversight of the Legacy Gunner Uranium Mine and Mill Site in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada - 13434

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stenson, Ron; Howard, Don

    2013-07-01

    As Canada's nuclear regulator, the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) is responsible for licensing all aspects of uranium mining, including remediation activities at legacy sites. Since these sites already existed when the current legislation came into force in 2000, and the previous legislation did not apply, they present a special case. The Nuclear Safety and Control Act (NSCA), was written with cradle-to- grave oversight in mind. Applying the NSCA at the end of a 'facilities' life-cycle poses some challenges to both the regulator and the proponent. When the proponent is the public sector, even more challenges can present themselves. Although the licensing process for legacy sites is no different than for any other CNSC license, assuring regulatory compliance can be more complicated. To demonstrate how the CNSC has approached the oversight of legacy sites the history of the Commission's involvement with the Gunnar uranium mine and mill site provides a good case study. The lessons learned from the CNSC's experience regulating the Gunnar site will benefit those in the future who will need to regulate legacy sites under existing or new legislation. (authors)

  14. Horizontal underbalanced drilling of gas wells with coiled tubing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, R.J.; Li, J.; Lupick, G.S.

    1999-03-01

    Coiled tubing drilling technology is gaining popularity and momentum as a significant and reliable method of drilling horizontal underbalanced wells. It is quickly moving into new frontiers. To this point, most efforts in the Western Canadian Basin have been focused towards sweet oil reservoirs in the 900--1300 m true vertical depth (TVD) range, however there is an ever-increasing interest in deeper and gas-producing formations. Significant design challenges on both conventional and coiled tubing drilling operations are imposed when attempting to drill these formations underbalanced. Coiled tubing is an ideal technology for underbalanced drilling due to its absence of drillstring connections resulting in continuous underbalanced capabilities. This also makes it suitable for sour well drilling and live well intervention without the risk of surface releases of reservoir gas. Through the use of pressure deployment procedures it is possible to complete the drilling operation without need to kill the well, thereby maintaining underbalanced conditions right through to the production phase. The use of coiled tubing also provides a means for continuous wireline communication with downhole steering, logging and pressure recording devices.

  15. THE SLOAN DIGITAL SKY SURVEY CO-ADD: A GALAXY PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFT CATALOG

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reis, Ribamar R. R.; Soares-Santos, Marcelle; Annis, James; Dodelson, Scott; Hao Jiangang; Johnston, David; Kubo, Jeffrey; Lin Huan; Seo, Hee-Jong; Simet, Melanie

    2012-03-01

    We present and describe a catalog of galaxy photometric redshifts (photo-z) for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Co-add Data. We use the artificial neural network (ANN) technique to calculate the photo-z and the nearest neighbor error method to estimate photo-z errors for {approx}13 million objects classified as galaxies in the co-add with r < 24.5. The photo-z and photo-z error estimators are trained and validated on a sample of {approx}83,000 galaxies that have SDSS photometry and spectroscopic redshifts measured by the SDSS Data Release 7 (DR7), the Canadian Network for Observational Cosmology Field Galaxy Survey, the Deep Extragalactic Evolutionary Probe Data Release 3, the VIsible imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph-Very Large Telescope Deep Survey, and the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. For the best ANN methods we have tried, we find that 68% of the galaxies in the validation set have a photo-z error smaller than {sigma}{sub 68} = 0.031. After presenting our results and quality tests, we provide a short guide for users accessing the public data.

  16. The SDSS Coadd: A Galaxy Photometric Redshift Catalog

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reis, Ribamar R.R.; Soares-Santos, Marcelle; Annis, James; Dodelson, Scott; Hao, Jiangang; Johnston, David; Kubo, Jeffrey; Lin, Huan; Seo, Hee-Jong; Simet, Melanie; /Chicago U.

    2011-11-01

    We present and describe a catalog of galaxy photometric redshifts (photo-z's) for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) Coadd Data. We use the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) technique to calculate photo-z's and the Nearest Neighbor Error (NNE) method to estimate photo-z errors for {approx} 13 million objects classified as galaxies in the coadd with r < 24.5. The photo-z and photo-z error estimators are trained and validated on a sample of {approx} 89, 000 galaxies that have SDSS photometry and spectroscopic redshifts measured by the SDSS Data Release 7 (DR7), the Canadian Network for Observational Cosmology Field Galaxy Survey (CNOC2), the Deep Extragalactic Evolutionary Probe Data Release 3(DEEP2 DR3), the SDSS-III's Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS), the Visible imaging Multi-Object Spectrograph - Very Large Telescope Deep Survey (VVDS) and the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. For the best ANN methods we have tried, we find that 68% of the galaxies in the validation set have a photo-z error smaller than {sigma}{sub 68} = 0.036. After presenting our results and quality tests, we provide a short guide for users accessing the public data.

  17. Airflow reduction during cold weather operation of residential heat recovery ventilators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McGugan, C.A.; Edwards, P.F.; Riley, M.A.

    1987-06-01

    Laboratory measurements of the performance of residential heat recovery ventilators have been carried out for the R-2000 Energy Efficient Home Program. This work was based on a preliminary test procedure developed by the Canadian Standards Association, part of which calls for testing the HRV under cold weather conditions. An environmental chamber was used to simulate outdoor conditions. Initial tests were carried out with an outdoor temperature of -20/sup 0/C; subsequent tests were carried out at a temperature of -25/sup 0/C. During the tests, airflows, temperatures, and relative humidities of airstreams entering and leaving the HRV, along with electric power inputs, were monitored. Frost buildup in the heat exchangers and defrost mechanisms, such as fan shutoff or recirculation, led to reductions in airflows. The magnitude of the reductions is dependent on the design of the heat exchanger and the defrost mechanism used. This paper presents the results of tests performed on a number of HRVs commercially available in Canada at the time of the testing. The flow reductions for the various defrost mechanisms are discussed.

  18. A review of wind field models for atmospheric transport

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramsdell, J.V. Jr.; Skyllingstad, E.D.

    1993-06-01

    The primary objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation dose that individuals could have received as a result of emissions since 1944 from the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Hanford Site near Richland, Washington. The HEDR Project is developing a computer code to estimate these doses and their uncertainties. The code, known as the HEDR integrated Code (HEDRIC), consists of four separate component codes. One of the component codes, called the Regional Atmospheric Transport Code for Hanford Emission Tracking (RATCHET) combines meteorological and release data to estimate time-integrated air concentrations and surface contamination at specific locations in the vicinity of the Hanford Site. The RATCHET domain covers approximately 75,000 square miles, extending from the crest of the Cascade Mountains on the west to the eastern edge of the Idaho panhandle and from central Oregon on the south to the Canadian border. This letter report explains the procedures in RATCHET that transform observed wind data into the wind fields used in atmospheric transport calculations. It also describes and evaluates alternative procedures not selected for use in RATCHET.

  19. GAS METHANE HYDRATES-RESEARCH STATUS, ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND ENERGY IMPLICATIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James Sorensen; Jaroslav Solc; Bethany Bolles

    2000-07-01

    The objective of this task as originally conceived was to compile an assessment of methane hydrate deposits in Alaska from available sources and to make a very preliminary evaluation of the technical and economic feasibility of producing methane from these deposits for remote power generation. Gas hydrates have recently become a target of increased scientific investigation both from the standpoint of their resource potential to the natural gas and oil industries and of their positive and negative implications for the global environment After we performed an extensive literature review and consulted with representatives of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Canadian Geological Survey, and several oil companies, it became evident that, at the current stage of gas hydrate research, the available information on methane hydrates in Alaska does not provide sufficient grounds for reaching conclusions concerning their use for energy production. Hence, the original goals of this task could not be met, and the focus was changed to the compilation and review of published documents to serve as a baseline for possible future research at the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC). An extensive annotated bibliography of gas hydrate publications has been completed. The EERC will reassess its future research opportunities on methane hydrates to determine where significant initial contributions could be made within the scope of limited available resources.

  20. Integrated Canada-U.S. Power Sector Modeling with the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez, A.; Eurek, K.; Mai, T.; Perry, A.

    2013-02-01

    The electric power system in North America is linked between the United States and Canada. Canada has historically been a net exporter of electricity to the United States. The extent to which this remains true will depend on the future evolution of power markets, technology deployment, and policies. To evaluate these and related questions, we modify the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to include an explicit representation of the grid-connected power system in Canada to the continental United States. ReEDS is unique among long-term capacity expansion models for its high spatial resolution and statistical treatment of the impact of variable renewable generation on capacity planning and dispatch. These unique traits are extended to new Canadian regions. We present example scenario results using the fully integrated Canada-U.S. version of ReEDS to demonstrate model capabilities. The newly developed, integrated Canada-U.S. ReEDS model can be used to analyze the dynamics of electricity transfers and other grid services between the two countries under different scenarios.

  1. Discussing spent nuclear fuel in high school classrooms: addressing public fears through early education

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winkel, S.; Sullivan, J.; Jones, S.; Sullivan, K.; Hyland, B.; Pencer, J.; Colton, A.

    2013-07-01

    The Inreach program combines the Deep River Science Academy (DRSA) 'learning through research' approach with state of the art communication technology to bring scientific research to high school classrooms. The Inreach program follows the DRSA teaching model where a university student tutor works on a research project with scientific staff at AECL's Chalk River Laboratories. Participating high school classes are located across Canada. The high school students learn about the ongoing research activities via weekly web conferences. In order to engage the students and encourage participation in the conferences, themed exercises linked to the research project are provided to the students. The DRSA's Inreach program uses a cost-effective internet technology to reach a wide audience, in an interactive setting, without anyone leaving their desks or offices. An example Inreach research project is presented here: an investigation of the potential of the Canadian supercritical water cooled reactor (SCWR) concept to burn transuranic elements (Np, Pu, Am, Cm) to reduce the impact of used nuclear fuel. During this project a university student worked with AECL (Atomic Energy of Canada Limited) researchers on technical aspects of the project, and high school students followed their progress and learned about the composition, hazards, and disposition options for used nuclear fuel. Previous projects included the effects of tritium on cellular viability and neutron diffraction measurement of residual stresses in automobile engines.

  2. Poster Thur Eve 56: Design of Quality Assurance Methodology for VMAT system on Agility System equipped with CVDR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thind, K; Tolakanahalli, R

    2014-08-15

    The aim of this study was to analyze the feasibility of designing comprehensive QA plans using iComCAT for Elekta machines equipped with Agility multileaf collimator and continuously variable dose rate. Test plans with varying MLC speed, gantry speed, and dose rate were created and delivered in a controlled manner. A strip test was designed with three 1 cm MLC positions and delivered using dynamic, StepNShoot and VMAT techniques. Plans were also designed to test error in MLC position with various gantry speeds and various MLC speeds. The delivery fluence was captured using the electronic portal-imaging device. Gantry speed was found to be within tolerance as per the Canadian standards. MLC positioning errors at higher MLC speed with gravity effects does add more than 2 mm discrepancy. More tests need to be performed to evaluate MLC performance using independent measurement systems. The treatment planning system with end-to-end testing necessary for commissioning was also investigated and found to have >95% passing rates within 3%/3mm gamma criteria. Future studies involve performing off-axis gantry starshot pattern and repeating the tests on three matched Elekta linear accelerators.

  3. DEVELOPMENT OF CONTINUOUS SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROCESSES FOR COAL DERIVED CARBON PRODUCTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elliot Kennel; Chong Chen; Dady Dadyburjor; Mark Heavner; Manoj Katakdaunde; Liviu Magean; James Mayberry; Alfred Stiller; Joseph Stoffa; Christopher Yurchick; John Zondlo

    2009-12-31

    This NETL sponsored effort seeks to develop continuous technologies for the production of carbon products, which may be thought of as the heavier products currently produced from refining of crude petroleum and coal tars obtained from metallurgical grade coke ovens. This effort took binder grade pitch, produced from liquefaction of West Virginia bituminous grade coal, all the way to commercial demonstration in a state of the art arc furnace. Other products, such as crude oil, anode grade coke and metallurgical grade coke were demonstrated successfully at the bench scale. The technology developed herein diverged from the previous state of the art in direct liquefaction (also referred to as the Bergius process), in two major respects. First, direct liquefaction was accomplished with less than a percent of hydrogen per unit mass of product, or about 3 pound per barrel or less. By contrast, other variants of the Bergius process require the use of 15 pounds or more of hydrogen per barrel, resulting in an inherent materials cost. Second, the conventional Bergius process requires high pressure, in the range of 1500 psig to 3000 psig. The WVU process variant has been carried out at pressures below 400 psig, a significant difference. Thanks mainly to DOE sponsorship, the WVU process has been licensed to a Canadian Company, Quantex Energy Inc, with a commercial demonstration unit plant scheduled to be erected in 2011.

  4. PLAINS CO2 REDUCTION PARTNERSHIP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edward N. Steadman; John A. Harju; Erin M. O'Leary; James A. Sorensen; Daniel J. Daly; Melanie D. Jensen; Thea E. Reikoff

    2005-04-01

    The Plains CO{sub 2} Reduction (PCOR) Partnership continues to make great progress. Task 2 (Technology Deployment) focused on developing information regarding deployment issues to support Task 5 (Modeling and Phase II Action Plans) and provided information to be used to assess CO{sub 2} sequestration opportunities in the PCOR Partnership region. Task 2 efforts also included preparation of a draft topical report entitled ''Deployment Issues Related to Geologic CO{sub 2} Sequestration in the PCOR Partnership Region'', which is nearing completion. Task 3 (Public Outreach) focused on developing an informational video about CO{sub 2} sequestration. The video will be completed and aired on Prairie Public Television in the next quarter. Progress in Task 4 (Sources, Sinks, and Infrastructure) included the continued collection of data regarding CO{sub 2} sources and sinks and data on the performance and costs for CO{sub 2} separation, capture, treatment, and compression for pipeline transportation. The addition of the Canadian province of Alberta to the PCOR Partnership region expanded the decision support system (DSS) geographic information system database. Task 5 screened and qualitatively assessed sequestration options. Task 5 activities also continue to be useful in structuring data collection and other activities in Tasks 2, 3, and 5.

  5. Draft environmental impact statement for construction and operation of the proposed Bangor Hydro-Electric Company`s second 345-kV transmission tie line to New Brunswick

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1993-10-01

    This Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) was prepared by the US Department of Energy (US DOE). The proposed action is the issuance of Presidential Permit PP-89 by DOE to Bangor Hydro-Electric Company to construct and operate a new international transmission line interconnection to New Brunswick, Canada that would consist of an 83.8 mile (US portion), 345-kilovolt (kV) alternating current transmission line from the US-Canadian border at Baileyville, Maine to an existing substation at Orrington, Maine. The principal environmental impacts of the construction and operation of the transmission line would be incremental in nature and would include the conversion of forested uplands (mostly commercial timberlands) and wetlands to right-of-way (small trees, shrubs, and herbaceous vegetation). The proposed line would also result in localized minor to moderate visual impacts and would contribute a minor incremental increase in the exposure of some individuals to electromagnetic fields. This DEIS documents the purpose and need for the proposed action, describes the proposed action and alternatives considered and provides a comparison of the proposed and alternatives routes, and provides detailed information on analyses of the environmental consequences of the proposed action and alternatives, as well as mitigative measures to minimize impacts.

  6. Midwestern efforts to address climate change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel Stenberg

    2008-12-15

    Six Midwestern governors and a Canadian premier signed the Midwestern Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord in November 2007. The governors agreed to begin the process of developing a market-based cap-and-trade program that would reduce GHG emissions (e.g., carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, hydro-fluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, and sulfur hexafluoride) to meet reduction targets. Member jurisdictions include Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Manitoba, Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Observer jurisdictions - those who are participating in the program design, but will decide later whether to be full members-include Indiana, Ohio, Ontario, and South Dakota. To date, the advisory group has proposed target ranges for GHG emissions reductions of 15-25% below 2005 levels by 2020 and 60-80% by 2050. The following sectors are currently being considered for the cap-and-trade program: electricity generation and imports (power plants); industrial combustion sources (factories and other industrial facilities); and industrial process sources (to the extent credible measurement and monitoring protocols exist or can be developed prior to inclusion).

  7. Performance of a Drift Chamber Candidate for a Cosmic Muon Tomography System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anghel, V.; Jewett, C.; Jonkmans, G.; Thompson, M.; Armitage, J.; Botte, J.; Boudjemline, K.; Erlandson, A.; Oakham, G.; Bueno, J.; Bryman, D.; Liu, Z.; Charles, E.; Gallant, G.; Cousins, T.; Noel, S.; Drouin, P.-L.; Waller, D.; Stocki, T. J.

    2011-12-13

    In the last decade, many groups around the world have been exploring different ways to probe transport containers which may contain illicit Special Nuclear Materials such as uranium. The muon tomography technique has been proposed as a cost effective system with an acceptable accuracy. A group of Canadian institutions (see above), funded by Defence Research and Development Canada, is testing different technologies to track the cosmic muons. One candidate is the single wire Drift Chamber. With the capability of a 2D impact position measurement, two detectors will be placed above and two below the object to be probed. In order to achieve a good 3D image quality of the cargo content, a good angular resolution is required. The simulation showed that 1mrad was required implying the spatial resolution of the trackers must be in the range of 1 to 2 mm for 1 m separation. A tracking system using three prototypes has been built and tested. The spatial resolution obtained is 1.7 mm perpendicular to the wire and 3 mm along the wire.

  8. Excellence in Radiation Research for the 21st Century (EIRR21): Description of an Innovative Research Training Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P'ng, Christine; Ito, Emma; Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario ; How, Christine; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Bezjak, Andrea; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Bristow, Rob; Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Catton, Pam; Fyles, Anthony; Gospodarowicz, Mary; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Jaffray, David; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Kelley, Shana; Wong Shun; Odette Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario ; Liu Feifei

    2012-08-01

    Purpose: To describe and assess an interdisciplinary research training program for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and clinical fellows focused on radiation medicine; funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research since 2003, the program entitled 'Excellence in Radiation Research for the 21st Century' (EIRR21) aims to train the next generation of interdisciplinary radiation medicine researchers. Methods and Materials: Online surveys evaluating EIRR21 were sent to trainees (n=56), mentors (n=36), and seminar speakers (n=72). Face-to-face interviews were also conducted for trainee liaisons (n=4) and participants in the international exchange program (n=2). Results: Overall response rates ranged from 53% (mentors) to 91% (trainees). EIRR21 was well received by trainees, with the acquisition of several important skills related to their research endeavors. An innovative seminar series, entitled Brainstorm sessions, imparting 'extracurricular' knowledge in intellectual property protection, commercialization strategies, and effective communication, was considered to be the most valuable component of the program. Networking with researchers in other disciplines was also facilitated owing to program participation. Conclusions: EIRR21 is an innovative training program that positively impacts the biomedical community and imparts valuable skill sets to foster success for the future generation of radiation medicine researchers.

  9. Canada's Deep Geological Repository for Used Nuclear Fuel - Geo-scientific Site Evaluation Process - 13117

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blyth, Alec; Ben Belfadhel, Mahrez; Hirschorn, Sarah; Hamilton, Duncan; McKelvie, Jennifer

    2013-07-01

    The Nuclear Waste Management Organization (NWMO) is responsible for implementing Adaptive Phased Management (APM), the approach selected by the Government of Canada for long-term management of used nuclear fuel generated by Canadian nuclear reactors. The ultimate objective of APM is the centralized containment and isolation of Canada's used nuclear fuel in a Deep Geological Repository in a suitable rock formation at a depth of approximately 500 meters (m) (1,640 feet [ft]). In May 2010, the NWMO published a nine-step site selection process that serves as the road map to decision-making on the location for the deep geological repository. The safety and appropriateness of any potential site will be assessed against a number of factors, both technical and social in nature. The selected site will be one that can be demonstrated to be able to safely contain and isolate used nuclear fuel, protecting humans and the environment over the very long term. The geo-scientific suitability of potential candidate sites will be assessed in a stepwise manner following a progressive and thorough site evaluation process that addresses a series of geo-scientific factors revolving around five safety functions. The geo-scientific site evaluation process includes: Initial Screenings; Preliminary Assessments; and Detailed Site Evaluations. As of November 2012, 22 communities have entered the site selection process (three in northern Saskatchewan and 18 in northwestern and southwestern Ontario). (authors)

  10. Kootenai River Resident Fish Assessment, FY2008 KTOI Progress Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holderman, Charles

    2009-06-26

    The overarching goal of project 1994-049-00 is to recover a productive, healthy and biologically diverse Kootenai River ecosystem, with emphasis on native fish species rehabilitation. It is especially designed to aid the recovery of important fish stocks, i.e. white sturgeon, burbot, bull trout, kokanee and several other salmonids important to the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho and regional sport-fisheries. The objectives of the project have been to address factors limiting key fish species within an ecosystem perspective. Major objectives include: establishment of a comprehensive and thorough biomonitoring program, investigate ecosystem--level in-river productivity, test the feasibility of a large-scale Kootenai River nutrient addition experiment (completed), to evaluate and rehabilitate key Kootenai River tributaries important to the health of the lower Kootenai River ecosystem, to provide funding for Canadian implementation of nutrient addition and monitoring in the Kootenai River ecosystem (Kootenay Lake) due to lost system productivity created by construction and operation of Libby Dam, mitigate the cost of monitoring nutrient additions in Arrow Lakes due to lost system productivity created by the Libby-Arrow water swap, provide written summaries of all research and activities of the project, and, hold a yearly workshop to convene with other agencies and institutions to discuss management, research, and monitoring strategies for this project and to provide a forum to coordinate and disseminate data with other projects involved in the Kootenai River basin.

  11. Feasibility study of medical isotope production at Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Massey, C.D.; Miller, D.L.; Carson, S.D.

    1995-12-01

    In late 1994, Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, (SNL/NM), was instructed by the Department of Energy (DOE) Isotope Production and Distribution Program (IPDP) to examine the feasibility of producing medically useful radioisotopes using the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR) and the Hot Cell Facility (HCF). Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) would be expected to supply the targets to be irradiated in the ACRR. The intent of DOE would be to provide a capability to satisfy the North American health care system demand for {sup 99}Mo, the parent of {sup 99m}Tc, in the event of an interruption in the current Canadian supply. {sup 99m}Tc is used in 70 to 80% of all nuclear medicine procedures in the US. The goal of the SNL/NM study effort is to determine the physical plant capability, infrastructure, and staffing necessary to meet the North American need for {sup 99}Mo and to identify and examine all issues with potential for environmental impact.

  12. Geologic hazards on the Atlantic continental margin of the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Folger, D.W.

    1985-01-01

    Although 46 exploratory holes have failed to reveal commercial hydrocarbon accumulations on the US Atlantic margin, about twice that number were drilled on the contiguous Canadian margin before large reserves were discovered. Thus, despite the initial results, exploration on the US margin will probably continue and additional information will be needed to augment the extensive environmental data base acquired over the past 10 years. The extent, timing, causes, and importance of sediment instability of the Continental Slopes of Georges Bank, Baltimore Canyon Trough and Carolina Trough--where future exploration will take place--remain controversial. Many question remain to be answered regarding such phenomena as creep on the upper slope, mass wasting in canyons and gullies, and slumping associated with faults and salt diapirs. Along the southeastern margin, the distribution of cavernous porosity below the shelf is only broadly known. Caverns pose a potential threat to drilling operations ranging from collapse of rigs to circulation loss and sheared drill strings. In deeper waters of the Continental Slope (700-2000 m), clathrates or frozen gas hydrates are common. The potential hazard of blow-outs from gas trapped beneath this layer are unknown. Additional information is needed to assess the bottom stresses imposed by tidal, storm, and geostrophically-driven currents on offshore rigs and structures, particularly in such areas as Georges Bank, the Carolina Trough, and the Blake Plateau.

  13. Separation, characterization and instrumental analysis of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon ring classes in petroleum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chmielowiec, J.; Beshai, J.E.; George, A.E.

    1980-08-01

    To develop effective utilization technology for heavy streams from conventional fuels and unconventional resources such as heavy oils and oilsand bitumens, detailed information on the chemical composition of the feedstocks is needed. Attempts were made during the seventies to modify the API Project 60 scheme of analysis or to develop chemically more efficient, and less time-consuming, separation and characterization methods. These attempts aimed to improve characterization by separating the samples into concentrates of different structural types. Samples throughput was increased by using pressure and higher performance chromatographic systems. Other valuable contributions, such as coal-liquid characterization in terms of different chemical functionalities have also been made. The separation of aromatic ring classes and characterization or identification of their major components was our primary objective in this study. A silica-R(NH/sub 2/)/sub 2/-based HPLC system was used in our laboratory to study the analytical potential of this approach; the work was described in a previous publication. In the present study, the applicability of HPLC separation by this system and instrumental spectrometric characterization of 3- and 4-ring PAHs isolated from two Canadian oils were investigated. The oils used, Medicine River and Lloydminster, are examples of hydrocarbon-dominated materials representing light and heavy processing feedstocks, respectively.

  14. The Rosetta Resources CO2 Storage Project - A WESTCARB GeologicPilot Test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trautz, Robert; Benson, Sally; Myer, Larry; Oldenburg, Curtis; Seeman, Ed; Hadsell, Eric; Funderburk, Ben

    2006-01-30

    WESTCARB, one of seven U.S. Department of Energypartnerships, identified (during its Phase I study) over 600 gigatonnesof CO2 storage capacity in geologic formations located in the Westernregion. The Western region includes the WESTCARB partnership states ofAlaska, Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon and Washington and theCanadian province of British Columbia. The WESTCARB Phase II study iscurrently under way, featuring three geologic and two terrestrial CO2pilot projects designed to test promising sequestration technologies atsites broadly representative of the region's largest potential carbonsinks. This paper focuses on two of the geologic pilot studies plannedfor Phase II -referred to-collectively as the Rosetta-Calpine CO2 StorageProject. The first pilot test will demonstrate injection of CO2 into asaline formation beneath a depleted gas reservoir. The second test willgather data for assessing CO2 enhanced gas recovery (EGR) as well asstorage in a depleted gas reservoir. The benefit of enhanced oil recovery(EOR) using injected CO2 to drive or sweep oil from the reservoir towarda production well is well known. EaR involves a similar CO2 injectionprocess, but has received far less attention. Depleted natural gasreservoirs still contain methane; therefore, CO2 injection may enhancemethane production by reservoir repressurization or pressure maintenance.CO2 injection into a saline formation, followed by injection into adepleted natural gas reservoir, is currently scheduled to start inOctober 2006.

  15. BNL ALARA Center: ALARA Notes, No. 9

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khan, T.A.; Xie, J.W.; Beckman, M.C.

    1994-02-01

    This issue of the Brookhaven National Laboratory`s Alara Notes includes the agenda for the Third International Workshop on ALARA and specific instructions on the use of the on-line fax-on-demand service provided by BNL. Other topics included in this issue are: (1) A discussion of low-level discharges from Canadian nuclear plants, (2) Safety issues at French nuclear plants, (3) Acoustic emission as a means of leak detection, (4) Replacement of steam generators at Doel-3, Beaznau, and North Anna-1, (5) Remote handling equipment at Bruce, (6) EPRI`s low level waste program, (7) Radiation protection during concrete repairs at Savannah River, (8) Reactor vessel stud removal/repair at Comanche Peak-1, (9) Rework of reactor coolant pump motors, (10) Restoration of service water at North Anna-1 and -2, (11) Steam generator tubing problems at Mihama-1, (12) Full system decontamination at Indian Point-2, (13) Chemical decontamination at Browns Ferry-2, and (14) Inspection methodolody in France and Japan.

  16. Uncertainty quantification for nuclear density functional theory and information content of new measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonnell, J. D.; Schunck, N.; Higdon, D.; Sarich, J.; Wild, S. M.; Nazarewicz, W.

    2015-03-24

    Statistical tools of uncertainty quantification can be used to assess the information content of measured observables with respect to present-day theoretical models, to estimate model errors and thereby improve predictive capability, to extrapolate beyond the regions reached by experiment, and to provide meaningful input to applications and planned measurements. To showcase new opportunities offered by such tools, we make a rigorous analysis of theoretical statistical uncertainties in nuclear density functional theory using Bayesian inference methods. By considering the recent mass measurements from the Canadian Penning Trap at Argonne National Laboratory, we demonstrate how the Bayesian analysis and a direct least-squares optimization, combined with high-performance computing, can be used to assess the information content of the new data with respect to a model based on the Skyrme energy density functional approach. Employing the posterior probability distribution computed with a Gaussian process emulator, we apply the Bayesian framework to propagate theoretical statistical uncertainties in predictions of nuclear masses, two-neutron dripline, and fission barriers. Overall, we find that the new mass measurements do not impose a constraint that is strong enough to lead to significant changes in the model parameters. In addition, the example discussed in this study sets the stage for quantifying and maximizing the impact of new measurements with respect to current modeling and guiding future experimental efforts, thus enhancing the experiment-theory cycle in the scientific method.

  17. Uncertainty quantification for nuclear density functional theory and information content of new measurements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McDonnell, J. D.; Schunck, N.; Higdon, D.; Sarich, J.; Wild, S. M.; Nazarewicz, W.

    2015-03-24

    Statistical tools of uncertainty quantification can be used to assess the information content of measured observables with respect to present-day theoretical models, to estimate model errors and thereby improve predictive capability, to extrapolate beyond the regions reached by experiment, and to provide meaningful input to applications and planned measurements. To showcase new opportunities offered by such tools, we make a rigorous analysis of theoretical statistical uncertainties in nuclear density functional theory using Bayesian inference methods. By considering the recent mass measurements from the Canadian Penning Trap at Argonne National Laboratory, we demonstrate how the Bayesian analysis and a direct least-squares optimization, combined with high-performance computing, can be used to assess the information content of the new data with respect to a model based on the Skyrme energy density functional approach. Employing the posterior probability distribution computed with a Gaussian process emulator, we apply the Bayesian framework to propagate theoretical statistical uncertainties in predictions of nuclear masses, two-neutron dripline, and fission barriers. Overall, we find that the new mass measurements do not impose a constraint that is strong enough to lead to significant changes in the model parameters. As a result, the example discussed in this study sets the stage for quantifying and maximizing the impact of new measurements with respect to current modeling and guiding future experimental efforts, thus enhancing the experiment-theory cycle in the scientific method.

  18. Mineral industries of Australia, Canada, and Oceania (including a discussion of Antarctica's mineral resources). Mineral perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimbell, C.L.; Lyday, T.Q.; Newman, H.H.

    1985-12-01

    The Bureau of Mines report gives the mineral industry highlights of two of the world's major mineral producing countries, Australia and Canada, and seven Pacific island nations or territories--Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Republic of Nauru, Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu. The mineral resources of Antarctica are also discussed. Because of the size of the Australian and Canadian mineral industries, summary reviews are presented for each of the States, Provinces, or Territories. The most current information available from all nations is given on major minerals or mineral-commodity production, share of world production, and reserves. Reported also are significant mining companies, locations and capacities of their main facilities, and their share of domestic production. Other information is provided on mineral-related trade with the United States, government mineral policy, energy production-consumption and trade, the mining industry labor force, and prospects for the mineral industry. Maps show the locations of selected mineral deposits, oilfields and gasfields, mines, and processing facilities including iron and steel plants, nonferrous smelters and refineries, and cement plants, as well as infrastructure pertinent to the mineral industry.

  19. Consumptive water use in the production of ethanonl and petroleum gasoline.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, M.; Mintz, M.; Wang, M.; Arora, S.; Energy Systems

    2009-01-30

    The production of energy feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. Not only do biofuel feedstocks like corn, switchgrass, and agricultural residues need water for growth and conversion to ethanol, but petroleum feedstocks like crude oil and oil sands also require large volumes of water for drilling, extraction, and conversion into petroleum products. Moreover, in many cases, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Competing uses strain available water resources and raise the specter of resource depletion and environmental degradation. Water management has become a key feature of existing projects and a potential issue in new ones. This report examines the growing issue of water use in energy production by characterizing current consumptive water use in liquid fuel production. As used throughout this report, 'consumptive water use' is the sum total of water input less water output that is recycled and reused for the process. The estimate applies to surface and groundwater sources for irrigation but does not include precipitation. Water requirements are evaluated for five fuel pathways: bioethanol from corn, ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, gasoline from Canadian oil sands, Saudi Arabian crude, and U.S. conventional crude from onshore wells. Regional variations and historic trends are noted, as are opportunities to reduce water use.

  20. Plutonium Consumption Program, CANDU Reactor Project final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-31

    DOE is investigating methods for long term dispositioning of weapons grade plutonium. One such method would be to utilize the plutonium in Mixed OXide (MOX) fuel assemblies in existing CANDU reactors. CANDU (Canadian Deuterium Uranium) reactors are designed, licensed, built, and supported by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), and currently use natural uranium oxide as fuel. The MOX spent fuel assemblies removed from the reactor would be similar to the spent fuel currently produced using natural uranium fuel, thus rendering the plutonium as unattractive as that in the stockpiles of commercial spent fuel. This report presents the results of a study sponsored by the DOE for dispositioning the plutonium using CANDU technology. Ontario Hydro`s Bruce A was used as reference. The fuel design study defined the optimum parameters to disposition 50 tons of Pu in 25 years (or 100 tons). Two alternate fuel designs were studied. Safeguards, security, environment, safety, health, economics, etc. were considered. Options for complete destruction of the Pu were also studied briefly; CANDU has a superior ability for this. Alternative deployment options were explored and the potential impact on Pu dispositioning in the former Soviet Union was studied. An integrated system can be ready to begin Pu consumption in 4 years, with no changes required to the reactors other than for safe, secure storage of new fuel.

  1. Facilitating communities in designing and using their own community health impact assessment tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, Colleen; Ghosh, Sebanti; Eaton, Susan L.

    2011-07-15

    Reducing health inequities and improving the health of communities require an informed public that is aware of the social determinants of health and how policies and programs have an impact on the health of their communities. People Assessing Their Health (PATH) is a process that uses community-driven health impact assessment to build the capacity of people to become active participants in the decisions that affect the well-being of their community. The PATH process is both a health promotion and a community development approach that builds people's ability to bring critical analysis to a situation and to engage in effective social action to bring about desired change. Because it increases analytical skills and provides communities with their own unique tool to assess the potential impact of projects, programs or policies on the health and well-being of their community it is an empowering process. PATH was originally used in three communities in northeastern Nova Scotia, Canada in 1996 when the Canadian health care system was being restructured to a more decentralized system. Since then it has been used in other communities in Nova Scotia and India. This paper will describe the PATH process and the use of the community health impact assessment as well as the methodology used in the PATH process. The lessons learned from PATH's experiences of building capacity among the community in Canada and India will be presented.

  2. An equity tool for health impact assessments: Reflections from Mongolia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Snyder, Jeremy; Wagler, Meghan; Lkhagvasuren, Oyun; Laing, Lory; Davison, Colleen; Janes, Craig

    2012-04-15

    A health impact assessment (HIA) is a tool for assessing the potential effects of a project or policy on a population's health. In this paper, we discuss a tool for successfully integrating equity concerns into HIAs. This discussion is the product of collaboration by Mongolian and Canadian experts, and it incorporates comments and suggestions of participants of a workshop on equity focused HIAs that took place in Mongolia in October, 2010. Our motivation for discussing this tool is based on the observation that existing HIAs tend either to fail to define equity or use problematic accounts of this concept. In this paper we give an overview of socio-demographic and health indicators in Mongolia and briefly discuss its mining industry. We then review three accounts of equity and argue for the importance of developing a consensus understanding of this concept when integrating considerations of equity into an HIA. Finally, we present findings from the workshop in Mongolia and outline a tool, derived from lessons from this workshop, for critically considering and integrating the concept of equity into an HIA.

  3. Associations between bacterial communities of house dust and infant gut

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Konya, T.; Koster, B.; Maughan, H.; Escobar, M.; Azad, M.B.; Guttman, D.S.; Sears, M.R.; Becker, A.B.; Brook, J.R.; Takaro, T.K.; Kozyrskyj, A.L.; Scott, J.A.

    2014-05-01

    The human gut is host to a diverse and abundant community of bacteria that influence health and disease susceptibility. This community develops in infancy, and its composition is strongly influenced by environmental factors, notably perinatal anthropogenic exposures such as delivery mode (Cesarean vs. vaginal) and feeding method (breast vs. formula); however, the built environment as a possible source of exposure has not been considered. Here we report on a preliminary investigation of the associations between bacteria in house dust and the nascent fecal microbiota from 20 subjects from the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study using high-throughput sequence analysis of portions of the 16S rRNA gene. Despite significant differences between the dust and fecal microbiota revealed by Nonmetric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS) analysis, permutation analysis confirmed that 14 bacterial OTUs representing the classes Actinobacteria (3), Bacilli (3), Clostridia (6) and Gammaproteobacteria (2) co-occurred at a significantly higher frequency in matched duststool pairs than in randomly permuted pairs, indicating an association between these dust and stool communities. These associations could indicate a role for the indoor environment in shaping the nascent gut microbiota, but future studies will be needed to confirm that our findings do not solely reflect a reverse pathway. Although pet ownership was strongly associated with the presence of certain genera in the dust for dogs (Agrococcus, Carnobacterium, Exiguobacterium, Herbaspirillum, Leifsonia and Neisseria) and cats (Escherichia), no clear patterns were observed in the NMDS-resolved stool community profiles as a function of pet ownership.

  4. Computational Design and Prototype Evaluation of Aluminide-Strengthened Ferritic Superalloys for Power-Generating Turbine Applications up to 1,033 K

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peter Liaw; Gautam Ghosh; Mark Asta; Morris Fine; Chain Liu

    2010-04-30

    The objective of the proposed research is to utilize modern computational tools, integrated with focused experiments, to design innovative ferritic NiAl-strengthened superalloys for fossil-energy applications at temperatures up to 1,033 K. Specifically, the computational alloy design aims toward (1) a steady-state creep rate of approximately 3 x 10{sup -11} s{sup -1} at a temperature of 1,033 K and a stress level of 35 MPa, (2) a ductility of 10% at room temperature, and (3) good oxidation and corrosion resistance at 1,033 K. The research yielded many outstanding research results, including (1) impurity-diffusion coefficients in {alpha} Fe have been calculated by first principles for a variety of solute species; (2) the precipitates were characterized by the transmission-electron microscopy (TEM) and analytical-electron microscopy (AEM), and the elemental partitioning has been determined; (3) a bending ductility of more than 5% has been achieved in the unrolled materials; and (4) optimal compositions with minimal secondary creep rates at 973 K have been determined. Impurity diffusivities in {alpha} Fe have been calculated within the formalisms of a harmonic transition-state theory and Le Claire nine-frequency model for vacancy-mediated diffusion. Calculated diffusion coefficients for Mo and W impurities are comparable to or larger than that for Fe self-diffusion. Calculated activation energies for Ta and Hf impurities suggest that these solutes should display impurity-diffusion coefficients larger than that for self-diffusion in the body-centered cubic Fe. Preliminary mechanical-property studies identified the alloy Fe-6.5Al-10Ni-10Cr-3.4Mo-0.25Zr-0.005B (FBB-8) in weight percent (wt.%) for detailed investigations. This alloy shows precipitation of NiAl particles with an average diameter of 130 nm. In conjunction with the computational alloy design, selected experiments are performed to investigate the effect of the Al content on the ductility and creep of prototype Fe-Ni-Cr-Al-Mo alloys. Three-point-bending experiments show that alloys containing more than 5 wt.% Al exhibit poor ductility (< 2%) at room temperature, and their fracture mode is predominantly of a cleavage type. Two major factors governing the poor ductility are (1) the volume fraction of NiAl-type precipitates, and (2) the Al content in the {alpha}-Fe matrix. A bend ductility of more than 5% can be achieved by lowering the Al concentration to 3 wt.% in the alloy. The alloy containing about 6.5 wt.% Al is found to have an optimal combination of hardness, ductility, and minimal creep rate at 973 K. A high volume fraction of precipitates is responsible for the good creep resistance by effectively resisting the dislocation motion through Orowan-bowing and dislocation-climb mechanisms. The effects of stress on the creep rate have been studied. With the threshold-stress compensation, the stress exponent is determined to be 4, indicating power-law dislocation creep. The threshold stress is in the range of 40-53 MPa. The addition of W can significantly reduce the secondary creep rates. Compared to other candidates for steam-turbine applications, FBB-8 does not show superior creep resistance at high stresses (> 100 MPa), but exhibit superior creep resistance at low stresses (< 60 MPa).

  5. Lake Roosevelt White Sturgeon Recovery Project : Annual Progress Report, January 2003 March 2004.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Howell, Matthew D.; McLellan, Jason G.

    2009-07-15

    This report summarizes catch data collected from white sturgeon Acipenser transmontanus in Lake Roosevelt during limited setlining and gill netting activities in the fall of 2003, and documents progress toward development of a U.S. white sturgeon conservation aquaculture program for Lake Roosevelt. From 27-30 October, 42 overnight small mesh gill net sets were made between Marcus and Northport, WA for a total catch of 15 juvenile white sturgeon (275-488 mm FL). All sturgeon captured were of Canadian hatchery origin. These fish had been previously released as sub-yearlings into the Canadian portion (Keenleyside Reach) of the Transboundary Reach of the Columbia River during 2002 and 2003. Most sturgeon (n=14) were caught in the most upstream area sampled (Northport) in low velocity eddy areas. Five fish exhibited pectoral fin deformities (curled or stunted). Growth rates were less than for juvenile sturgeon captured in the Keenleyside Reach but condition factor was similar. Condition factor was also similar to that observed in juvenile sturgeon (ages 1-8) captured in the unimpounded Columbia River below Bonneville Dam between 1987-92. From 10-14 November, 28 overnight setline sets were made in the Roosevelt Reach between the confluence of the Spokane River and Marcus Island for a total catch of 17 white sturgeon (94-213 cm FL). Catch was greatest in the most upstream areas sampled, a distribution similar to that observed during a WDFW setline survey in Lake Roosevelt in 1998. The mean W{sub r} index of 110% for fish captured this year was higher than the mean W{sub r} of 91% for fish captured in 1998. Excellent fish condition hindered surgical examination of gonads as lipid deposits made the ventral body wall very thick and difficult to penetrate with available otoscope specula. Acoustic tags (Vemco model V16 coded pingers, 69 kHz, 48-month life expectancy) were internally applied to 15 fish for subsequent telemetry investigations of seasonal and reproductively motivated movements. In August 2003, three Vemco VR2 fixed station acoustic receivers, supplied by the UCWSRI Transboundary Telemetry Project, were deployed in the vicinities of Kettle Falls Bridge, Marcus Island, and Northport, WA. Data downloaded from these receivers through December 2003 confirmed the findings of a previous telemetry study that the Marcus area is an important overwintering habitat for white sturgeon. On 18 February 2004, juvenile white sturgeon (n=2,000) were transported from Kootenay Sturgeon Hatchery in British Columbia to WDFW Columbia Basin Hatchery (CBH) in Moses Lake, WA. Fish were reared at CBH to approximately 30 g and individually outfitted with PIT tags and scute marked. On 11 May 2004, fish were released into Lake Roosevelt in the vicinities of Kettle Falls Bridge, North Gorge, and Northport.

  6. Leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma mortality (19501999) and incidence (19691999) in the Eldorado uranium workers cohort

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zablotska, Lydia B.; Lane, Rachel S.D.; Frost, Stanley E.; Thompson, Patsy A.

    2014-04-01

    Uranium workers are chronically exposed to low levels of radon decay products (RDP) and gamma (?) radiation. Risks of leukemia from acute and high doses of ?-radiation are well-characterized, but risks from lower doses and dose-rates and from RDP exposures are controversial. Few studies have evaluated risks of other hematologic cancers in uranium workers. The purpose of this study was to analyze radiation-related risks of hematologic cancers in the cohort of Eldorado uranium miners and processors first employed in 19321980 in relation to cumulative RDP exposures and ?-ray doses. The average cumulative RDP exposure was 100.2 working level months and the average cumulative whole-body ?-radiation dose was 52.2 millisievert. We identified 101 deaths and 160 cases of hematologic cancers in the cohort. Overall, male workers had lower mortality and cancer incidence rates for all outcomes compared with the general Canadian male population, a likely healthy worker effect. No statistically significant association between RDP exposure or ?-ray doses, or a combination of both, and mortality or incidence of any hematologic cancer was found. We observed consistent but non-statistically significant increases in risks of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) incidence and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) mortality with increasing ?-ray doses. These findings are consistent with recent studies of increased risks of CLL and NHL incidence after ?-radiation exposure. Further research is necessary to understand risks of other hematologic cancers from low-dose exposures to ?-radiation. - Highlights: We analyzed long-term follow-up for hematologic cancers of the Eldorado uranium workers. Workers were exposed to a unique combination of radon decay products (RDP) and gamma (?) ray doses. Exposures to RDP and ?-ray doses were not associated with significantly increased risks of cancers. Radiation risks of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and Hodgkin lymphoma were increased. Study findings provide additional support for radiation-related risks of CLL.

  7. Columbia River System Operation Review : Final Environmental Impact Statement, Main Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Columbia River System Operation Review; United States. Bonneville Power Administration; United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. North Pacific Division; United States. Bureau of Reclamation. Pacific Northwest Region.

    1995-11-01

    The System Operation Review (SOR) Final EIS addresses four actions: (a) need to develop coordinated strategy for managing the multiple uses of the Federal Columbia River system (System Operating Strategy [SOS]); (b) need to provide interested parties other than management agencies with a long-term role in system planning (Forum); (c) need to renew or change current Canadian Entitlement Allocation Agreements (CEAA); and (d) need to renegotiate and renew the Pacific Northwest Coordination Agreement (PNCA). SOS alternatives analyzed are: (1) operation prior to Endangered Species Act listings of salmon stocks; (2) current operations (no action); (3) stable storage project operation; (4) natural river operation; (5) fixed drawdown; (6) operating strategies proposed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Marine Fisheries Service, State fisheries agencies, Native American tribes, and Federal operating agencies; and (7) Preferred Alternative. The seven Forum alternatives analyzed are: (1) decisionmaking by the SOR lead agencies (preferred alternative); (2) decisionmaking by SOR lead agencies and recommendations by an existing regional entity; (3) decisionmaking by SOR lead agencies and recommendations by a new regional entity; (4) decisionmaking by a Federal consultation forum; (5) decisionmaking by a new entity; (6) decisionmaking by one Federal operating agency; (7) decisionmaking by a Federal agency other than an operating agency. PNCA alternatives analyzed are: (1) no replacement contract; (2) contract to maximize regional power benefits; (3) roll over existing PNCA; (4) current PNCA with modified operating procedures (preferred alternative); (5) current PNCA with nonpower modifications. CEAA alternatives include: (1) no action (no replacement of current allocation agreements); (2) entitlement allocation: 55 percent Federal; 45 percent non-Federal; (3) entitlement allocation: 70 percent Federal, 30 percent non-Federal (preferred alternative); (4) no agreement.

  8. Steam generator tube failures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, P.E.; Shah, V.N.; Ward, L.W.; Ellison, P.G.

    1996-04-01

    A review and summary of the available information on steam generator tubing failures and the impact of these failures on plant safety is presented. The following topics are covered: pressurized water reactor (PWR), Canadian deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactor, and Russian water moderated, water cooled energy reactor (VVER) steam generator degradation, PWR steam generator tube ruptures, the thermal-hydraulic response of a PWR plant with a faulted steam generator, the risk significance of steam generator tube rupture accidents, tubing inspection requirements and fitness-for-service criteria in various countries, and defect detection reliability and sizing accuracy. A significant number of steam generator tubes are defective and are removed from service or repaired each year. This wide spread damage has been caused by many diverse degradation mechanisms, some of which are difficult to detect and predict. In addition, spontaneous tube ruptures have occurred at the rate of about one every 2 years over the last 20 years, and incipient tube ruptures (tube failures usually identified with leak detection monitors just before rupture) have been occurring at the rate of about one per year. These ruptures have caused complex plant transients which have not always been easy for the reactor operators to control. Our analysis shows that if more than 15 tubes rupture during a main steam line break, the system response could lead to core melting. Although spontaneous and induced steam generator tube ruptures are small contributors to the total core damage frequency calculated in probabilistic risk assessments, they are risk significant because the radionuclides are likely to bypass the reactor containment building. The frequency of steam generator tube ruptures can be significantly reduced through appropriate and timely inspections and repairs or removal from service.

  9. State-of-the-art in coalbed methane drilling fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baltoiu, L.V.; Warren, B.K.; Natras, T.A.

    2008-09-15

    The production of methane from wet coalbeds is often associated with the production of significant amounts of water. While producing water is necessary to desorb the methane from the coal, the damage from the drilling fluids used is difficult to assess, because the gas production follows weeks to months after the well is drilled. Commonly asked questions include the following: What are the important parameters for drilling an organic reservoir rock that is both the source and the trap for the methane? Has the drilling fluid affected the gas production? Are the cleats plugged? Does the 'filtercake' have an impact on the flow of water and gas? Are stimulation techniques compatible with the drilling fluids used? This paper describes the development of a unique drilling fluid to drill coalbed methane wells with a special emphasis on horizontal applications. The fluid design incorporates products to match the delicate surface chemistry on the coal, a matting system to provide both borehole stability and minimize fluid losses to the cleats, and a breaker method of removing the matting system once drilling is completed. This paper also discusses how coal geology impacts drilling planning, drilling practices, the choice of drilling fluid, and completion/stimulation techniques for Upper Cretaceous Mannville-type coals drilled within the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. A focus on horizontal coalbed methane (CBM) wells is presented. Field results from three horizontal wells are discussed, two of which were drilled with the new drilling fluid system. The wells demonstrated exceptional stability in coal for lengths to 1000 m, controlled drilling rates and ease of running slotted liners. Methods for, and results of, placing the breaker in the horizontal wells are covered in depth.

  10. Demonstration Project 111, ITS/CVO Technology Truck, Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gambrell, KP

    2002-01-11

    In 1995, the planning and building processes began to design and develop a mobile demonstration unit that could travel across the nation and be used as an effective outreach tool. In 1997, the unit was completed; and from June 1997 until December 2000, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)/Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) mobilized the Technology Truck, also known as Demonstration Project No. 111, ''Advanced Motor Carrier Operations and Safety Technologies.'' The project featured the latest available state-of-the-practice intelligent transportation systems (ITS) technologies designed to improve both the efficiency and safety of commercial vehicle operations (CVO). The Technology Truck was designed to inform and educate the motor carrier community and other stakeholders regarding ITS technologies, thus gaining support and buy-in for participation in the ITS program. The primary objective of the project was to demonstrate new and emerging ITS/CVO technologies and programs, showing their impact on motor carrier safety and productivity. In order to meet the objectives of the Technology Truck project, the FHWA/FMCSA formed public/private partnerships with industry and with Oak Ridge National Laboratory to demonstrate and display available ITS/CVO technologies in a cooperative effort. The mobile demonstration unit was showcased at national and regional conferences, symposiums, universities, truck shows and other venues, in an effort to reach as many potential users and decision makers as possible. By the end of the touring phase, the ITS/CVO Technology Truck had been demonstrated in 38 states, 4 Canadian provinces, 88 cities, and 114 events; been toured by 18,099 people; and traveled 115,233 miles. The market penetration for the Technology Truck exceeded 4,000,000, and the website received more than 25,000 hits. In addition to the Truck's visits, the portable ITS/CVO kiosk was demonstrated at 31 events in 23 cites in 15 states.

  11. Scaling relations and X-ray properties of moderate-luminosity galaxy clusters from 0.3 < z < 0.6 with XMM-Newton

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Connor, Thomas; Donahue, Megan; Sun, Ming; Hoekstra, Henk; Mahdavi, Andisheh; Conselice, Christopher J.; McNamara, Brian

    2014-10-10

    We present new X-ray temperatures and improved X-ray luminosity estimates for 15 new and archival XMM-Newton observations of galaxy clusters at intermediate redshift with mass and luminosities near the galaxy group/cluster division (M{sub 2500}<2.410{sup 14} h{sub 70}{sup ?1} M{sub ?}, L < 2 10{sup 44} erg s{sup 1}, 0.3 < z < 0.6). These clusters have weak-lensing mass measurements based on Hubble Space Telescope observations of clusters representative of an X-ray-selected sample (the ROSAT 160SD survey). The angular resolution of XMM-Newton allows us to disentangle the emission of these galaxy clusters from nearby point sources, which significantly contaminated previous X-ray luminosity estimates for 6 of the 15 clusters. We extend cluster scaling relations between X-ray luminosity, temperature, and weak-lensing mass for low-mass, X-ray-selected clusters out to redshift ?0.45. These relations are important for cosmology and the astrophysics of feedback in galaxy groups and clusters. Our joint analysis with a sample of 50 clusters in a similar redshift range but with larger masses (M {sub 500} < 21.9 10{sup 14} M {sub ?}, 0.15 ? z ? 0.55) from the Canadian Cluster Comparison Project finds that within r {sub 2500}, M?L {sup 0.440.05}, T?L {sup 0.230.02}, and M?T {sup 1.90.2}. The estimated intrinsic scatter in the M-L relation for the combined sample is reduced to ?{sub log(M|L)} = 0.10, from ?{sub log} {sub (M|L)} = 0.26 with the original ROSAT measurements. We also find an intrinsic scatter for the T-L relation, ?{sub log} {sub (T|L)} = 0.07 0.01.

  12. Guidelines for control and prevention of fly ash erosion in fossil fired power plants. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drennen, J.F.; Kratina, P.

    1994-02-01

    Boiler tube failures (BTF`s) due to fly ash erosion are one of the leading single causes of availability loss in fossil boilers. The damage, which can be very localized, has led to expensive and lengthy forced outages. As part of an overall BTF reduction program, EPRI has documented the available solutions being applied for fly ash erosion. Unfortunately, most of these are regarded as temporary fixes that do not provide long term solutions. A technique applied in Canadian and Australian utilities has provided long term solutions on the order of ten years. This technique has been demonstrated now at two US utilities under an EPRI sponsored project, (RP2711-2). The result of the project is a guideline that outlines, step-by-step, activities for stepping up and running an erosion control program at a utility boiler. The heart of the program is the cold air velocity test (CAVT), done in the convective pass at ambient conditions. With the fans running, one or more two-man teams measure gas flows entering and/or leaving pendants and banks. These data and a boiler assessment are used to identify operating conditions conducive to fly ash erosion. Flow control screens are then selected and installed to redistribute fly ash, reduce gas velocities and produce acceptable erosion rates. The result should be long term relief from boiler tube failures caused by fly ash erosion. The program cost is estimated to be $300--$400/MW depending on unit design, operating characteristics and extent of fly ash erosion.

  13. Comparative assessment of status and opportunities for carbon Dioxide Capture and storage and Radioactive Waste Disposal In North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oldenburg, C.; Birkholzer, J.T.

    2011-07-22

    Aside from the target storage regions being underground, geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) and radioactive waste disposal (RWD) share little in common in North America. The large volume of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) needed to be sequestered along with its relatively benign health effects present a sharp contrast to the limited volumes and hazardous nature of high-level radioactive waste (RW). There is well-documented capacity in North America for 100 years or more of sequestration of CO{sub 2} from coal-fired power plants. Aside from economics, the challenges of GCS include lack of fully established legal and regulatory framework for ownership of injected CO{sub 2}, the need for an expanded pipeline infrastructure, and public acceptance of the technology. As for RW, the USA had proposed the unsaturated tuffs of Yucca Mountain, Nevada, as the region's first high-level RWD site before removing it from consideration in early 2009. The Canadian RW program is currently evolving with options that range from geologic disposal to both decentralized and centralized permanent storage in surface facilities. Both the USA and Canada have established legal and regulatory frameworks for RWD. The most challenging technical issue for RWD is the need to predict repository performance on extremely long time scales (10{sup 4}-10{sup 6} years). While attitudes toward nuclear power are rapidly changing as fossil-fuel costs soar and changes in climate occur, public perception remains the most serious challenge to opening RW repositories. Because of the many significant differences between RWD and GCS, there is little that can be shared between them from regulatory, legal, transportation, or economic perspectives. As for public perception, there is currently an opportunity to engage the public on the benefits and risks of both GCS and RWD as they learn more about the urgent energy-climate crisis created by greenhouse gas emissions from current fossil-fuel combustion practices.

  14. Estimating Impacts of Diesel Fuel Reformulation with Vector-based Blending

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadder, G.R.

    2003-01-23

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Refinery Yield Model has been used to study the refining cost, investment, and operating impacts of specifications for reformulated diesel fuel (RFD) produced in refineries of the U.S. Midwest in summer of year 2010. The study evaluates different diesel fuel reformulation investment pathways. The study also determines whether there are refinery economic benefits for producing an emissions reduction RFD (with flexibility for individual property values) compared to a vehicle performance RFD (with inflexible recipe values for individual properties). Results show that refining costs are lower with early notice of requirements for RFD. While advanced desulfurization technologies (with low hydrogen consumption and little effect on cetane quality and aromatics content) reduce the cost of ultra low sulfur diesel fuel, these technologies contribute to the increased costs of a delayed notice investment pathway compared to an early notice investment pathway for diesel fuel reformulation. With challenging RFD specifications, there is little refining benefit from producing emissions reduction RFD compared to vehicle performance RFD. As specifications become tighter, processing becomes more difficult, blendstock choices become more limited, and refinery benefits vanish for emissions reduction relative to vehicle performance specifications. Conversely, the emissions reduction specifications show increasing refinery benefits over vehicle performance specifications as specifications are relaxed, and alternative processing routes and blendstocks become available. In sensitivity cases, the refinery model is also used to examine the impact of RFD specifications on the economics of using Canadian synthetic crude oil. There is a sizeable increase in synthetic crude demand as ultra low sulfur diesel fuel displaces low sulfur diesel fuel, but this demand increase would be reversed by requirements for diesel fuel reformulation.

  15. U.S. Department of Energy -- Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle Testing and Demonstration Activities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James E. Francfort; Donald Karner; John G. Smart

    2009-05-01

    The U.S. Department of Energys (DOE) Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) tests plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) in closed track, dynamometer and onroad testing environments. The onroad testing includes the use of dedicated drivers on repeated urban and highway driving cycles that range from 10 to 200 miles, with recharging between each loop. Fleet demonstrations with onboard data collectors are also ongoing with PHEVs operating in several dozen states and Canadian Provinces, during which trips- and miles-per-charge, charging demand and energy profiles, and miles-per-gallon and miles-per-kilowatt-hour fuel use results are all documented, allowing an understanding of fuel use when vehicles are operated in charge depleting, charge sustaining, and mixed charge modes. The intent of the PHEV testing includes documenting the petroleum reduction potential of the PHEV concept, the infrastructure requirements, and operator recharging influences and profiles. As of May 2008, the AVTA has conducted track and dynamometer testing on six PHEV conversion models and fleet testing on 70 PHEVs representing nine PHEV conversion models. A total of 150 PHEVs will be in fleet testing by the end of 2008, all with onboard data loggers. The onroad testing to date has demonstrated 100+ miles per gallon results in mostly urban applications for approximately the first 40 miles of PHEV operations. The primary goal of the AVTA is to provide advanced technology vehicle performance benchmark data for technology modelers, research and development programs, and technology goal setters. The AVTA testing results also assist fleet managers in making informed vehicle purchase, deployment and operating decisions. The AVTA is part of DOEs Vehicle Technologies Program. These AVTA testing activities are conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory and Electric Transportation Engineering Corporation, with Argonne National Laboratory providing dynamometer testing support. The proposed paper and presentation will discuss PHEV testing activities and results. INL/CON-08-14333

  16. Ultra Low Sulfur Home Heating Oil Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Batey, John E.; McDonald, Roger

    2015-09-30

    This Ultra Low Sulfur (ULS) Home Heating Oil Demonstration Project was funded by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) and has successfully quantified the environmental and economic benefits of switching to ULS (15 PPM sulfur) heating oil. It advances a prior field study of Low Sulfur (500 ppm sulfur) heating oil funded by NYSERDA and laboratory research conducted by Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Canadian researchers. The sulfur oxide and particulate matter (PM) emissions are greatly reduced as are boiler cleaning costs through extending cleaning intervals. Both the sulfur oxide and PM emission rates are directly related to the fuel oil sulfur content. The sulfur oxide and PM emission rates approach near-zero levels by switching heating equipment to ULS fuel oil, and these emissions become comparable to heating equipment fired by natural gas. This demonstration project included an in-depth review and analysis of service records for both the ULS and control groups to determine any difference in the service needs for the two groups. The detailed service records for both groups were collected and analyzed and the results were entered into two spreadsheets that enabled a quantitative side-by-side comparison of equipment service for the entire duration of the ULS test project. The service frequency for the ULS and control group were very similar and did indicate increased service frequency for the ULS group. In fact, the service frequency with the ULS group was slightly less (7.5 percent) than the control group. The only exception was that three burner fuel pump required replacement for the ULS group and none were required for the control group.

  17. Okanogan Basin Spring Spawner Report for 2007.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colville Tribes, Department of Fish & Wildlife

    2007-09-01

    The Okanogan Basin Monitoring and Evaluation Program collected data related to spring spawning anadromous salmonid stocks across the entire Okanogan River basin. Data were collected using redd surveys, traps, underwater video, and PIT-tag technology then summarized and analyzed using simple estimate models. From these efforts we estimated that 1,266 summer steelhead spawned in the Okanogan River basin and constructed 552 redds;152 of these fish where of natural origin. Of these, 121 summer steelhead, including 29 of natural origin, created an estimated 70 redds in the Canadian portion of the Okanagan basin. We estimated summer steelhead spawner escapement into each sub-watershed along with the number from natural origin and the number and density of redds. We documented redd desiccation in Loup Loup Creek, habitat utilization in Salmon Creek as a result of a new water lease program, and 10 spring Chinook returning to Omak Creek. High water through most of the redd survey period resulted in development of new modeling techniques and allowed us to survey additional tributaries including the observation of summer steelhead spawning in Wanacut Creek. These 2007 data provide additional support that redd surveys conducted within the United States are well founded and provide essential information for tracking the recovery of listed summer steelhead. Conversely, redd surveys do not appear to be the best approach for enumerating steelhead spawners or there distribution within Canada. We also identified that spawning distributions within the Okanogan River basin vary widely and stocking location may play an over riding roll in this variability.

  18. The Use of TaBoRR as a Heavy Oil Upgrader

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee Brecher; Charles Mones

    2009-02-05

    Preliminary testing has shown that Western Research Institute's (WRI) Tank Bottom Recovery and Remediation (TaBoRR{reg_sign}) technology shows promise for heavy oil upgrading. Approximately 70 to 75 wt% of a Canadian Cold Lake bitumen feed was converted to a partially upgraded overhead product that could be transported directly by pipeline or blended with the parent bitumen to produce transportable crude. TaBoRR{reg_sign} was originally developed to remediate tank bottom wastes by producing a distillate product and solid waste. TaBoRR{reg_sign}'s processing steps include breaking a water-oil emulsion, recovering a light hydrocarbon fraction by distillation in a stripper unit, and pyrolyzing the residua reducing it to additional overhead and a benign coke for disposal. Cold Lake bitumen was tested in WRI's bench-scale equipment to evaluate the potential use of TaBoRR{reg_sign} technology for heavy oil upgrading to produce a stable, partially (or fully) upgraded product that will allow diluent-reduced or diluent-free transportation of bitumen or ultra-heavy crudes to market. Runs were conducted at temperatures of low, intermediate and high severity in the stripper to produce stripper overhead and bottoms. The bottoms from each of these runs were processed further in a 6-inch screw pyrolyzer to produce pyrolyzer overhead for blending with the corresponding stripper overheads. Proceeding in this fashion yielded three partially upgraded crudes. The products from TaBoRR{reg_sign} processing, the parent bitumen, and bitumen blends were subjected to stability and compatibility testing at the National Centre for Upgrading Technology (NCUT). Chemical analyses of the overhead product blends have met pipeline specifications for viscosity and density; however the bromine number does not, which might indicate the need for mild hydrotreating. Storage stability tests showed the blends to be stable. The blends were also soluble and compatible with most other Alberta crudes.

  19. Mapping pan-Arctic methane emissions at high spatial resolution using an adjoint atmospheric transport and inversion method and process-based wetland and lake biogeochemical models

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Tan, Z.; Zhuang, Q.; Henze, D. K.; Frankenberg, C.; Dlugokencky, E.; Sweeney, C.; Turner, A. J.

    2015-11-18

    Understanding methane emissions from the Arctic, a fast warming carbon reservoir, is important for projecting changes in the global methane cycle under future climate scenarios. Here we optimize Arctic methane emissions with a nested-grid high-resolution inverse model by assimilating both high-precision surface measurements and column-average SCIAMACHY satellite retrievals of methane mole fraction. For the first time, methane emissions from lakes are integrated into an atmospheric transport and inversion estimate, together with prior wetland emissions estimated by six different biogeochemical models. We find that, the global methane emissions during July 2004June 2005 ranged from 496.4 to 511.5 Tg yr?1, with wetlandmoremethane emissions ranging from 130.0 to 203.3 Tg yr?1. The Arctic methane emissions during July 2004June 2005 were in the range of 14.630.4 Tg yr?1, with wetland and lake emissions ranging from 8.8 to 20.4 Tg yr?1 and from 5.4 to 7.9 Tg yr?1 respectively. Canadian and Siberian lakes contributed most of the estimated lake emissions. Due to insufficient measurements in the region, Arctic methane emissions are less constrained in northern Russia than in Alaska, northern Canada and Scandinavia. Comparison of different inversions indicates that the distribution of global and Arctic methane emissions is sensitive to prior wetland emissions. Evaluation with independent datasets shows that the global and Arctic inversions improve estimates of methane mixing ratios in boundary layer and free troposphere. The high-resolution inversions provide more details about the spatial distribution of methane emissions in the Arctic.less

  20. 2005 the North American Solar Challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dan Eberle

    2008-12-22

    In July 2005 the North American Solar Challenge (NASC) featured university built solar powered cars ran across the United States into Canada. The competition began in Austin, Texas with stops in Weatherford, Texas; Broken Arrow, Oklahoma; Topeka, Kansas; Omaha, Nebraska; Sioux Falls, South Dakota, Fargo, North Dakota; Winnipeg, Manitoba; Brandon, Manitoba; Regina, Saskatchewan; Medicine Hat, Alberta; mainly following U.S. Highway 75 and Canadian Highway 1 to the finish line in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, for a total distance of 2,500 miles. NASC major sponsors include the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Natural Resources Canada and DOEs National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The event is designed to inspire young people to pursue careers in science and engineering. NASCs predecessors, the American Solar Challenge and Sunrayce, generally have been held every two years since 1990. With each race, the solar cars travel faster and further with greater reliability. The NASC promotes: -Renewable energy technologies (specifically photovoltaic or solar cells) -Educational excellence in science, engineering and mathematics -Creative integration of technical and scientific expertise across a wide-range of disciplines -Hands-on experience for students and engineers to develop and demonstrate their technical and creative abilities. Safety is the first priority for the NASC. Each team put its car through grueling qualifying and technical inspections. Teams that failed to meet the requirements were not allowed participate. During the race, each team was escorted by lead and chase vehicles sporting rooftop hazard flashers. An official observer accompanied each solar car team to keep it alert to any safety issues.

  1. Cameron synthetic fuels report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-06-01

    The increasing scarcity of conventional crude oil resources, as well as the sharply higher prices of crude oil, will generate increased interest in heavy oil, tar sands, and oil shale as potential substitutes. For all of these unconventional oil resources, extraction will be much more difficult, time consuming, and costly than for conventional crude oil. Although the inplace resources are vast and exist in many areas including the United States, the USSR, western Europe, Canada, and Latin America, probably only a small fraction of the inplace resources will prove to be economically extractable. These unconventional oil resources are now being developed in several locations around the world, and depending upon the exact definition probably account for less than 1 percent of current world oil supplies. The major current developments include: Canadian tar sands. Heavy oil production at Yarega in the Komi Autonomous Republic in the Soviet Union. The USSR also burns shale for power generation in Estonia. Venezuelan production of heavy oil in the Orinoco Heavy Oil Belt is currently about 15,000 b/d. Oil shale is likely to prove much less important than heavy oil and tar sands over the next 20 years. Further development of these unconventional resources is planned, and many projects are under way or under study. On the basis of current planning, world output of heavy oils and oil from tar sands and shale will be unlikely to exceed 2 million b/d by 1990, roughly five time today's level. However, both of these resources will require the development of new technologies for any large increases in output above what is now planned. The bulk of Canada's tar sands exists at great depths and will require the development of in situ processes for extraction. In the Orinoco, heavy metals contained in the oil make it difficult to refine with existing technology.

  2. On-Site Pilot Study - Removal of Uranium, Radium-226 and Arsenic from Impacted Leachate by Reverse Osmosis - 13155

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McMurray, Allan; Everest, Chris; Rilling, Ken; Vandergaast, Gary; LaMonica, David

    2013-07-01

    Conestoga-Rovers and Associates (CRA-LTD) performed an on-site pilot study at the Welcome Waste Management Facility in Port Hope, Ontario, Canada, to evaluate the effectiveness of a unique leachate treatment process for the removal of radioactive contaminants from leachate impacted by low-level radioactive waste. Results from the study also provided the parameters needed for the design of the CRA-LTD full scale leachate treatment process design. The final effluent water quality discharged from the process to meet the local surface water discharge criteria. A statistical software package was utilized to obtain the analysis of variance (ANOVA) for the results from design of experiment applied to determine the effect of the evaluated factors on the measured responses. The factors considered in the study were: percent of reverse osmosis permeate water recovery, influent coagulant dosage, and influent total dissolved solids (TDS) dosage. The measured responses evaluated were: operating time, average specific flux, and rejection of radioactive contaminants along with other elements. The ANOVA for the design of experiment results revealed that the operating time is affected by the percent water recovery to be achieved and the flocculant dosage over the range studied. The average specific flux and rejection for the radioactive contaminants were not affected by the factors evaluated over the range studied. The 3 month long on-site pilot testing on the impacted leachate revealed that the CRA-LTD leachate treatment process was robust and produced an effluent water quality that met the surface water discharge criteria mandated by the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission and the local municipality. (authors)

  3. Effects of Cougar Predation and Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Declines in the IM Province of the Columbia Basin, Annual Report 2002-2003.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wielgus, Robert; Shipley, Lisa; Myers, Woodrow

    2003-09-01

    Construction of the Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams has resulted in inundation and loss of 29,125 total habitat units for mule deer and irrigation agriculture in many parts the Intermountain Province (IM) of the Columbia Basin. Mule deer in the Shrub-Steppe are ranked high priority target species for mitigation and management and are declining in most portions of the sub basins of the IM. Reasons for the decline are unknown but believed to be related to habitat changes resulting from dams and irrigation agriculture. White-tailed deer are believed to be increasing throughout the basin because of habitat changes brought about by the dams and irrigation agriculture. Recent research (1997-2000) in the NE IM and adjacent Canadian portions of the Columbia Basin (conducted by this author and funded by the Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program B.C.), suggest that the increasing white-tailed deer populations (because of dams and irrigation agriculture) are resulting in increased predation by cougars on mule deer (apparent competition or alternate prey hypothesis). The apparent competition hypothesis predicts that as alternate prey (white-tailed deer) densities increase, so do densities of predators, resulting in increased incidental predation on sympatric native prey (mule deer). Apparent competition can result in population declines and even extirpation of native prey in some cases. Such a phenomenon may account for declines of mule deer in the IM and throughout arid and semi-arid West where irrigation agriculture is practiced. We will test the apparent competition hypothesis by conducting a controlled, replicated 'press' experiment in at least 2 treatment and 2 control areas of the IM sub basins by reducing densities of white-tailed deer and observing any changes in cougar predation on mule deer. Deer densities will be monitored by WADFW personnel using annual aerial surveys and/or other trend indices. Predation rates and population growth rates of deer will be determined using radio telemetry. Changes in cougar functional (kills/unit time), aggregative (cougars/unit area), numerical (offspring/cougar), and total (predation rate) responses on deer will also be monitored using radio telemetry. The experiment will be conducted and completed over a period of 5 years. Results will be used to determine the cause and try to halt the mule deer population declines. Results will also guide deer mitigation and management in the IM and throughout the North American West.

  4. Integrated assessment of global warming

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ott, K.O.

    1996-12-31

    The anomalies of sea surface temperatures, which show a warming trend since the 1850s through the decade 1960/70 of {Delta}SST {approximately} 0.3 C, are complemented by changes of the ground surface temperature ({Delta}GST). The global surface temperature change, based on these data, allows an integrated assessment of the associated increase in black-body irradiance and a comparison with the enhanced greenhouse-gas back-scattering. Information on the GST history is obtained from unfolding analyses of underground temperature distributions measured in 90 boreholes in Alaskan permafrost and Canadian bedrock. These analyses show GST increases ({Delta}GST) since the 19th century through 1960/70 of 3 C on average, with standard deviations of +1.8 C and {minus}0.9 C on the high and low end respectively. The onset of the warming trend, which is uncertain in the GST data, is timed more accurately by detailed length records of large valley glaciers in the US and the Alps. Evaluation of the heat capacities and heat transfer indicates that the temperature response to an increase in radiative forcing must be much larger on land than on the sea. Conversely, the observed large ratio of {Delta}GST and {Delta}SST can only be explained by increased radiative forcing. From 1960/70 through the warmest decade on record, 1980/90, global {Delta}SST and {Delta}SAT have further increased to 0.6 C and 0.8 C respectively, But, the most recent GST data are not accurate enough to extend the comparison through 1990. Calculation of the increase of radiative forcing from back-scattering of greenhouse gases for 1850 to 1970 yields 1.3 W/cm{sup 2}. The increase in black-body irradiance from 3.6 C warming on land and 0.3 C on sea provides the required balance. The warming on land of 3.6 C is larger than the average value of 3.0 C, but well within the observed range.

  5. MO-G-18C-07: Improving T2 Determination and Quantification of Lipid Methylene Protons in Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy at 3 T

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breitkreutz, D.; Fallone, B. G.; Yahya, A.

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To improve proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) transverse relaxation (T{sub 2}) determination and quantification of lipid methylene chain (1.3 ppm) protons by rewinding their J-coupling evolution. Methods: MRS experiments were performed on four lipid phantoms, namely, almond, corn, sunflower and oleic acid, using a 3 T Philips MRI scanner with a transmit/receive birdcage head coil. Two PRESS (Point RESolved Spectroscopy) pulse sequences were used. The first PRESS sequence employed standard bandwidth (BW) (?550 Hz) RF (radiofrequency) refocussing pulses, while the second used refocussing pulses of narrow BW (?50 Hz) designed to rewind J-coupling evolution of the methylene protons in the voxel of interest. Signal was acquired with each sequence from a 555 mm{sup 3} voxel, with a repetition time (TR) of 3000 ms, and with echo times (TE) of 100 to 200 ms in steps of 20 ms. 2048 sample points were measured with a 2000 Hz sampling bandwidth. Additionally, 30 mm outer volume suppression slabs were used to suppress signal outside the voxel of interest. The frequency of the RF pulses was set to that of the methylene resonance. Methylene peak areas were calculated and fitted in MATLAB to a monexponentially decaying function of the form M{sub 0}exp(-TE/T{sub 2}), where M{sub 0} is the extrapolated area when TE = 0 ms and yields a measure of concentration. Results: The determined values of M{sub 0} and T{sub 2} increased for all fatty acids when using the PRESS sequence with narrow BW refocussing pulses. M{sub 0} and T{sub 2} values increased by an average amount (over all the phantoms) of 31% and 14%, respectively. Conclusion: This investigation has demonstrated that J-coupling interactions of lipid methylene protons causes non-negligible signal losses which, if not accounted for, Result in underestimations of their levels and T{sub 2} values when performing MRS measurements. Funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation - Prairies.NWT.

  6. SU-E-CAMPUS-I-03: Dosimetric Comparison of the Hypoxia Agent Iodoazomycin Arabinoside (IAZA) Labeled with the Radioisotopes I-123, I-131 and I-124

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jans, H-S; Stypinski, D; Mcquarrie, S; Kumar, P; Mercer, J; McEwan, S; Wiebe, L

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: To compare the radiation dose to normal organs from the radio-iodinated, hypoxia-binding radiosensitizer iodoazomycin arabinoside (IAZA) for three different isotopes of iodine. Methods: Dosimety studies with normal volunteers had been carried out with [{sup 123}I]IAZA, a drug binding selectively to hypoxic sites. Two other isotopes of iodine, {sup 131}I and {sup 124}I, offer the opportunity to use IAZA as an agent for radioisotope therapy and as an imaging tracer for Positron Emission Tomography. Radioisotope dosimetry for {sup 131}I and {sup 124}I was performed by first deriving from the [{sup 123}I]IAZA studies biological uptake and excretion data. The cumulated activities for {sup 131}I or {sup 124}I where obtained by including their half-lives when integrating the biological data and then extrapolating to infinite time points considering a) physical decay only or b) physical and biological excretion. Doses were calculated using the Medical Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) schema (OLINDA1.1 code, Vanderbilt 2007). Results: Compared to {sup 123}I, organ doses were elevated on average by a factor 6 and 9 for {sup 131}I and {sup 124}I, respectively, if both physical decay and biological excretion were modeled. If only physical decay is considered, doses increase by a factor 18 ({sup 131}I) and 19 ({sup 124}I). Highest organ doses were observed in intestinal walls, urinary bladder and thyroid. Effective doses increased by a factor 11 and 14 for {sup 131}I and {sup 124}I, respectively, if biological and physical decay are present. Purely physical decay yields a 23-fold increase over {sup 123}I for both, {sup 131}I and {sup 124}I. Conclusion: Owing to the significant dose increase, caused by their longer half life and the approximately 10 times larger electronic dose deposited in tissue per nuclear decay, normal tissue doses of IAZA labeled with {sup 131}I and {sup 124}I need to be carefully considered when designing imaging and therapy protocols for clinical trials. Effective blocking of iodine uptake in the thyroid is essential. Alberta Innovates - Health Solutions (AIHS) and Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)

  7. Science Overview Document Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) April 2008

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SJ Ghan; B Schmid; JM Hubbe; CJ Flynn; A Laskin; AA Zelenyuk; DJ Czizco; CN Long; G McFarquhar; J Verlinde; J Harrington; JW Strapp; P Liu; A Korolev; A McDonald; M Wolde; A Fridlind; T Garrett; G Mace; G Kok; S Brooks; D Collins; D Lubin; P Lawson; M Dubey; C Mazzoleni; M Shupe; S Xie; DD Turner; Q Min; EJ Mlawer; D Mitchell

    2007-11-01

    The ARM Climate Research Facilitys (ACRF) Aerial Vehicle Program (AVP) will deploy an intensive cloud and aerosol observing system to the ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) locale for a five week Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC) during period 29 March through 30 April 2008. The deployment period is within the International Polar Year, thus contributing to and benefiting from the many ancillary observing systems collecting data synergistically. We will deploy the Canadian National Research Council Convair 580 aircraft to measure temperature, humidity, total particle number, aerosol size distribution, single particle composition, concentrations of cloud condensation nuclei and ice nuclei, optical scattering and absorption, updraft velocity, cloud liquid water and ice contents, cloud droplet and crystal size distributions, cloud particle shape, and cloud extinction. In addition to these aircraft measurements, ISDAC will deploy two instruments at the ARM site in Barrow: a spectroradiometer to retrieve cloud optical depth and effective radius, and a tandem differential mobility analyzer to measure the aerosol size distribution and hygroscopicity. By using many of the same instruments used during Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment (M-PACE), conducted in October 2004, we will be able to contrast the arctic aerosol and cloud properties during the fall and spring transitions. The aerosol measurements can be used in cloud models driven by objectively analyzed boundary conditions to test whether the cloud models can simulate the aerosol influence on the clouds. The influence of aerosol and boundary conditions on the simulated clouds can be separated by running the cloud models with all four combinations of M-PACE and ISDAC aerosol and boundary conditions: M-PACE aerosol and boundary conditions, M-PACE aerosol and ISDAC boundary conditions, ISDAC aerosol and M-PACE boundary conditions, and ISDAC aerosol and boundary conditions. ISDAC and M-PACE boundary conditions are likely to be very different because of the much more extensive ocean water during M-PACE. The uniformity of the surface conditions during ISDAC greatly simplifies the objective analysis (surface fluxes and precipitation are very weak), so that it can largely rely on the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts analysis. The aerosol measurements can also be used as input to the cloud models and to evaluate the aerosol retrievals. By running the cloud models with and without solar absorption by the aerosols, we can determine the semidirect effect of the aerosol on the clouds.

  8. Phase II Study of Accelerated High-Dose Radiotherapy With Concurrent Chemotherapy for Patients With Limited Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Protocol 0239

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Komaki, Ritsuko; Paulus, Rebecca; Ettinger, David S.; Videtic, Gregory M.M.; Bradley, Jeffrey D.; Glisson, Bonnie S.; Sause, William T.; Curran, Walter J.; Choy, Hak

    2012-07-15

    Purpose: To investigate whether high-dose thoracic radiation given twice daily during cisplatin-etoposide chemotherapy for limited small-cell lung cancer (LSCLC) improves survival, acute esophagitis, and local control rates relative to findings from Intergroup trial 0096 (47%, 27%, and 64%). Patients and Methods: Patients were accrued over a 3-year period from 22 US and Canadian institutions. Patients with LSCLC and good performance status were given thoracic radiation to 61.2 Gy over 5 weeks (daily 1.8-Gy fractions on days 1-22, then twice-daily 1.8-Gy fractions on days 23-33). Cisplatin (60 mg/m{sup 2} IV) was given on day 1 and etoposide (120 mg/m{sup 2} IV) on days 1-3 and days 22-24, followed by 2 cycles of cisplatin plus etoposide alone. Patients who achieved complete response were offered prophylactic cranial irradiation. Endpoints included overall and progression-free survival; severe esophagitis (Common Toxicity Criteria v 2.0) and treatment-related fatalities; response (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors); and local control. Results: Seventy-two patients were accrued from June 2003 through May 2006; 71 were evaluable (median age 63 years; 52% female; 58% Zubrod 0). Median survival time was 19 months; at 2 years, the overall survival rate was 36.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 25.6%-47.7%), and progression-free survival 19.7% (95% CI 11.4%-29.6%). Thirteen patients (18%) experienced severe acute esophagitis, and 2 (3%) died of treatment-related causes; 41% achieved complete response, 39% partial response, 10% stable disease, and 6% progressive disease. The local control rate was 73%. Forty-three patients (61%) received prophylactic cranial irradiation. Conclusions: The overall survival rate did not reach the projected goal; however, rates of esophagitis were lower, and local control higher, than projected. This treatment strategy is now one of three arms of a prospective trial of chemoradiation for LSCLC (Radiation Therapy Oncology Group 0538/Cancer and Leukemia Group B 30610).

  9. Pyramid Resource Center-Green Energy Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Flory, Paul, D.

    2011-09-02

    There are currently over 3,500 USA/Canadian landfills listed by the EPA/EC and like numbers in Europe that are producing methane-rich landfill gas (LFG). This gas is typically made up of 50-percent methane (CH4), 35-percent carbon dioxide (CO2), and 2 to 25% nitrogen and oxygen (N2 & O2), plus dozens of dilute contaminants. LFG is classified as a renewable fuel, because it is generated via biological decay of municipal solid waste, a constant byproduct of human activity. To date, most LFG has been allowed to escape into the atmosphere. On account of its high CH4 content, LFG may contribute to climate change, as CH4 is one of the most harmful greenhouse gases with 21 times the global warming potential of CO2. Of the landfills that collect LFG, most simply flare it. In the past decade, some landfills have begun to use LFG for electricity generation or for direct combustion as low Btu gas. Very few landfills upgrade LFG to high Btu gas. A patented CO2 WashTM process developed by Acrion Technologies Inc., and licensed to Firm Green Inc. shows promise as an economically and environmentally sustainable process to recover energy and prevent pollution from landfills. The CO2 WashTM has already been proven at lab-scale. It upgrades LFG, which consists of 50% methane (CH4) + 35% carbon dioxide (CO2) + 2 to 25% nitrogen + oxygen (N2+O2), 1 to 2% water vapor, and dozens of contaminants (which total a few hundred to a few thousand parts per million). CH4, which by itself has an energy content of 1,012 British thermal units (Btu) per standard cubic foot (SCF), is the only component in LFG that contributes to its energy content, which is therefore about 400-550 Btu/SCF. Accordingly, raw LFG is usually referred to as medium-Btu gas. To be salable, it is necessary to remove essentially all the components besides CH4, while keeping the vast majority of the revenue producing CH4. This is high-Btu gas, yielding 850 to 1,000 Btu/SCF. The CO2 WashTM process upgrades LFG to about 930 Btu/SCF, and reduces the contaminants to levels that make it salable as a vehicle fuel in the form of compressed natural gas (CNG).

  10. Mercury Information Clearinghouse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chad A. Wocken; Michael J. Holmes; Dennis L. Laudal; Debra F. Pflughoeft-Hassett; Greg F. Weber; Nicholas V. C. Ralston; Stanley J. Miller; Grant E. Dunham; Edwin S. Olson; Laura J. Raymond; John H. Pavlish; Everett A. Sondreal; Steven A. Benson

    2006-03-31

    The Canadian Electricity Association (CEA) identified a need and contracted the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) to create and maintain an information clearinghouse on global research and development activities related to mercury emissions from coal-fired electric utilities. With the support of CEA, the Center for Air Toxic Metals{reg_sign} (CATM{reg_sign}) Affiliates, and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the EERC developed comprehensive quarterly information updates that provide a detailed assessment of developments in the various areas of mercury monitoring, control, policy, and research. A total of eight topical reports were completed and are summarized and updated in this final CEA quarterly report. The original quarterly reports can be viewed at the CEA Web site (www.ceamercuryprogram.ca). In addition to a comprehensive update of previous mercury-related topics, a review of results from the CEA Mercury Program is provided. Members of Canada's coal-fired electricity generation sector (ATCO Power, EPCOR, Manitoba Hydro, New Brunswick Power, Nova Scotia Power Inc., Ontario Power Generation, SaskPower, and TransAlta) and CEA, have compiled an extensive database of information from stack-, coal-, and ash-sampling activities. Data from this effort are also available at the CEA Web site and have provided critical information for establishing and reviewing a mercury standard for Canada that is protective of environment and public health and is cost-effective. Specific goals outlined for the CEA mercury program included the following: (1) Improve emission inventories and develop management options through an intensive 2-year coal-, ash-, and stack-sampling program; (2) Promote effective stack testing through the development of guidance material and the support of on-site training on the Ontario Hydro method for employees, government representatives, and contractors on an as-needed basis; (3) Strengthen laboratory analytical capabilities through analysis and quality assurance programs; and (4) Create and maintain an information clearinghouse to ensure that all parties can keep informed on global mercury research and development activities.

  11. Impacts of Mixing on Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Homes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, Max H.; Walker, Iain I.

    2010-01-01

    Ventilation reduces occupant exposure to indoor contaminants by diluting or removing them. In a multi-zone environment such as a house, every zone will have different dilution rates and contaminant source strengths. The total ventilation rate is the most important factor in determining occupant exposure to given contaminant sources, but the zone-specific distribution of exhaust and supply air and the mixing of ventilation air can play significant roles. Different types of ventilation systems will provide different amounts of mixing depending on several factors such as air leakage, air distribution system, and contaminant source and occupant locations. Most U.S. and Canadian homes have central heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, which tend to mix the air; thus, the indoor air in different zones tends to be well mixed for significant fractions of the year. This article reports recent results of investigations to determine the impact of air mixing on exposures of residential occupants to prototypical contaminants of concern. We summarize existing literature and extend past analyses to determine the parameters than affect air mixing as well as the impacts of mixing on occupant exposure, and to draw conclusions that are relevant for standards development and for practitioners designing and installing home ventilation systems. The primary conclusion is that mixing will not substantially affect the mean indoor air quality across a broad population of occupants, homes, and ventilation systems, but it can reduce the number of occupants who are exposed to extreme pollutant levels. If the policy objective is to minimize the number of people exposed above a given pollutant threshold, some amount of mixing will be of net benefit even though it does not benefit average exposure. If the policy is to minimize exposure on average, then mixing air in homes is detrimental and should not be encouraged. We also conclude that most homes in the US have adequate mixing already, but that new, high-performance homes may require additional mixing. Also our results suggest that some differentiation should be made in policies and standards for systems that provide continuous exhaust, thereby reducing relative dose for occupants overall.

  12. Design of the Long-term Waste Management Facility for Historic LLRW Port Hope Project - 13322

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Campbell, Don; Barton, David; Case, Glenn

    2013-07-01

    The Municipality of Port Hope is located on the northern shores of Lake Ontario approximately 100 km east of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Starting in the 1930's, radium and later uranium processing by Eldorado Gold Mines Limited (subsequently Eldorado Nuclear Limited) (Eldorado) at their refinery in Port Hope resulted in the generation of process residues and wastes that were disposed of indiscriminately throughout the Municipality until about the mid-1950's. These process residues contained radium (Ra- 226), uranium, arsenic and other contaminants. Between 1944 and 1988, Eldorado was a Federal Crown Corporation, and as such, the Canadian Federal Government has assumed responsibility for the clean-up and long-term management of the historic waste produced by Eldorado during this period. The Port Hope Project involves the construction and development of a new long-term waste management facility (LTWMF), and the remediation and transfer of the historic wastes located within the Municipality of Port Hope to the new LTWMF. The new LTWMF will consist of an engineered above-ground containment mound designed to contain and isolate the wastes from the surrounding environment for the next several hundred years. The design of the engineered containment mound consists of a primary and secondary composite base liner system and composite final cover system, made up of both natural materials (e.g., compacted clay, granular materials) and synthetic materials (e.g., geo-synthetic clay liner, geo-membrane, geo-textiles). The engineered containment mound will cover an area of approximately 13 hectares and will contain the estimated 1.2 million cubic metres of waste that will be generated from the remedial activities within Port Hope. The LTWMF will also include infrastructure and support facilities such as access roads, administrative offices, laboratory, equipment and personnel decontamination facilities, waste water treatment plant and other ancillary facilities. Preliminary construction activities for the Port Hope LTWMF commenced in 2012 and are scheduled to continue over the next few years. The first cell of the engineered containment mound is scheduled to be constructed in 2015 with waste placement into the Port Hope LTWMF anticipated over the following seven year period. (authors)

  13. Effects of Cougar Predation and Nutrition on Mule Deer Population Declines in the Intermountain Province of the Columbia Basin, 2001-2002 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wielgus, Robert B.; Shipley, Lisa

    2002-07-01

    Construction of the Grand Coulee and Chief Joseph dams has resulted in inundation and loss of 29,125 total habitat units for mule deer and irrigation agriculture in many parts the Intermountain Province (IM) of the Columbia Basin. Mule deer in the Shrub-Steppe are ranked high priority target species for mitigation and management and are declining in most portions of the subbasins of the IM. Reasons for the decline are unknown but believed to be related to habitat changes resulting from dams and irrigation agriculture. White-tailed deer are not ranked as target species and are believed to be increasing throughout the basin because of habitat changes brought about by the dams and irrigation agriculture. Recent research (1997-2000) in the NE IM and adjacent Canadian portions of the Columbia Basin (conducted by this author and funded by the Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Compensation Program B.C.), suggest that the increasing white-tailed deer populations (because of dams and irrigation agriculture) are resulting in increased predation by cougars on mule deer (apparent competition or alternate prey hypothesis). The apparent competition hypothesis predicts that as alternate prey (white-tailed deer) densities increase, so do densities of predators, resulting in increased incidental predation on sympatric native prey (mule deer). Apparent competition can result in population declines and even extirpation of native prey in some cases. Such a phenomenon may account for declines of mule deer in the IM and throughout arid and semi-arid West where irrigation agriculture is practiced. We will test the apparent competition hypothesis by conducting a controlled, replicated ''press'' experiment in at least 2 treatment and 2 control areas of the IM subbasins by reducing densities of white-tailed deer and observing any changes in cougar predation on mule deer. Deer densities will be monitored by WADFW personnel using annual aerial surveys and/or other trend indices. Predation rates and population growth rates of deer will be determined using radio telemetry. Changes in cougar functional (kills/unit time), aggregative (cougars/unit area), numerical (offspring/cougar), and total (predation rate) responses on deer will also be monitored using radio telemetry. The experiment will be conducted and completed over a period of 5 years. Results will be used to determine the cause and try to halt the mule deer population declines. Results will also guide deer mitigation and management in the IM and throughout the North American West.

  14. Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE): Cloud and Rain Characteristics in the Australian Monsoon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    PT May; C Jakob; JH Mather

    2004-05-30

    The impact of oceanic convection on its environment and the relationship between the characteristics of the convection and the resulting cirrus characteristics is still not understood. An intense airborne measurement campaign combined with an extensive network of ground-based observations is being planned for the region near Darwin, Northern Australia, during January-February, 2006, to address these questions. The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) will be the first field program in the tropics that attempts to describe the evolution of tropical convection, including the large scale heat, moisture, and momentum budgets, while at the same time obtaining detailed observations of cloud properties and the impact of the clouds on the environment. The emphasis will be on cirrus for the cloud properties component of the experiment. Cirrus clouds are ubiquitous in the tropics and have a large impact on their environment but the properties of these clouds are poorly understood. A crucial product from this experiment will be a dataset suitable to provide the forcing and testing required by cloud-resolving models and parameterizations in global climate models. This dataset will provide the necessary link between cloud properties and the models that are attempting to simulate them. The experiment is a collaboration between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program, the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the European Commission DG RTD-1.2, and several United States, Australian, Canadian, and European Universities. This experiment will be undertaken over a 4-week period in early 2006. January and February corresponds to the wet phase of the Australia monsoon. This season has been selected because, despite Darwins coastal location, the convection that occurs over and near Darwin at this time is largely of maritime origin with a large fetch over water. Based on previous experiments, the convection appears typical of maritime convection with widespread convection that has complex organization, but is not as deep or as intense as continental or coastal convection. Therefore, it is expected that the convection and cloud characteristics will be representative of conditions typical for wide areas of the tropics.

  15. The Program for climate Model diagnosis and Intercomparison: 20-th anniversary Symposium

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Potter, Gerald L; Bader, David C; Riches, Michael; Bamzai, Anjuli; Joseph, Renu

    2011-01-05

    Twenty years ago, W. Lawrence (Larry) Gates approached the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Research (now the Office of Science) with a plan to coordinate the comparison and documentation of climate model differences. This effort would help improve our understanding of climate change through a systematic approach to model intercomparison. Early attempts at comparing results showed a surprisingly large range in control climate from such parameters as cloud cover, precipitation, and even atmospheric temperature. The DOE agreed to fund the effort at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), in part because of the existing computing environment and because of a preexisting atmospheric science group that contained a wide variety of expertise. The project was named the Program for Climate Model Diagnosis and Intercomparison (PCMDI), and it has changed the international landscape of climate modeling over the past 20 years. In spring 2009 the DOE hosted a 1-day symposium to celebrate the twentieth anniversary of PCMDI and to honor its founder, Larry Gates. Through their personal experiences, the morning presenters painted an image of climate science in the 1970s and 1980s, that generated early support from the international community for model intercomparison, thereby bringing PCMDI into existence. Four talks covered Gates???¢????????s early contributions to climate research at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), the RAND Corporation, and Oregon State University through the founding of PCMDI to coordinate the Atmospheric Model Intercomparison Project (AMIP). The speakers were, in order of presentation, Warren Washington [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)], Kelly Redmond (Western Regional Climate Center), George Boer (Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis), and Lennart Bengtsson [University of Reading, former director of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF)]. The afternoon session emphasized the scientific ideas that are the basis of PCMDI???¢????????s success, summarizing their evolution and impact. Four speakers followed the various PCMDI-supported climate model intercomparison projects, beginning with early work on cloud representations in models, presented by Robert D. Cess (Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Stony Brook University), and then the latest Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Projects (CFMIPs) led by Sandrine Bony (Laboratoire de M???????©t???????©orologie Dynamique). Benjamin Santer (LLNL) presented a review of the climate change detection and attribution (D & A) work pioneered at PCMDI, and Gerald A. Meehl (NCAR) ended the day with a look toward the future of climate change research.

  16. TCP Final Report: Measuring the Effects of Stand Age and Soil Drainage on Boreal Forest

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael L. Goulden

    2007-05-02

    This was a 6-year research project in the Canadian boreal forest that focused on using field observations to understand how boreal forest carbon balance changes during recovery from catastrophic forest fire. The project began with two overarching goals: (1) to develop techniques that would all the year round operation of 7 eddy covariance sites in a harsh environment at a much lower cost than had previously been possible, and (2) to use these measurements to determine how carbon balance changes during secondary succession. The project ended in 2006, having accomplished its primary objectives. Key contributions to DOE during the study were: (1) Design, test, and demonstrate a lightweight, fully portable eddy flux system that exploits several economies of scale to allow AmeriFlux-quality measurements of CO{sub 2} exchange at many sites for a large reduction in cost (Goulden et al. 2006). (2) Added seven year-round sites to AmeriFlux, at a relatively low per site cost using the Eddy Covariance Mesonet approach (Goulden et al. 2006). These data are freely available on the AmeriFlux web site. (3) Tested and rejected the conventional wisdom that forests lose large amounts of carbon during the first decade after disturbance, then accumulate large amounts of carbon for {approx}several decades, and then return to steady state in old age. Rather, we found that boreal forests recovers quickly from fire and begins to accumulate carbon within {approx}5 years after disturbance. Additionally, we found no evidence that carbon accumulation declines in old stands (Goulden et al. 2006, Goulden et al. in prep). (4) Tested and rejected claims based on remote sensing observations (for example, Myneni et al 1996 using AVHRR) that regions of boreal forest have changed markedly in the last 20 years. Rather, we assembled a much richer data set than had been used in the past (eddy covariance observations, tree rings, biomass, NPP, AVHRR, and LandSat), which we used to establish that the forests in our study region have remained largely constant over the last 20 years after accounting for the effects of stand age and succession (McMillen et al. in review).

  17. Recent Developments in the Management of Cameco Corporation's Fuel Services Division Waste - 13144

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, Thomas P.

    2013-07-01

    Cameco Corporation is a world leader in uranium production. Headquartered in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan our operations provide 16% of the world uranium mine production and we have approximately 435 million pounds of proven and probable uranium reserves. Cameco mining operations are located in Saskatchewan, Wyoming, Nebraska and Kazakhstan. Cameco is also a major supplier of uranium processing services required to produce fuel for the generation of clean energy. These operations are based in Blind River, Cobourg and Port Hope, Ontario and are collectively referred to as the Fuel Services Division. The Fuel Services Division produces uranium trioxide from uranium ore concentrate at the Blind River Refinery. Cameco produces uranium hexafluoride and uranium dioxide at the Port Hope Conversion Facility. Cameco operates a fuel manufacturing facility in Port Hope, Ontario and a metal fabrication facility located in Cobourg, Ontario. The company manufactures fuel bundles utilized in the Candu reactors. Cameco's Fuel Services Division produces several types of low-level radioactively contaminated wastes. Internal processing capabilities at both the Blind River Refinery and Port Hope Conversion Facility are extensive and allow for the recycling of several types of waste. Notwithstanding these capabilities there are certain wastes that are not amenable to the internal processing capabilities and must be disposed of appropriately. Disposal options for low-level radioactively contaminated wastes in Canada are limited primarily due to cost considerations. In recent years, Cameco has started to ship marginally contaminated wastes (<500 ppm uranium) to the United States for disposal in an appropriate landfill. The landfill is owned by US Ecology Incorporated and is located near Grand View, Idaho 70 miles southeast of Boise in the Owyhee Desert. The facility treats and disposes hazardous waste, non-hazardous industrial waste and low-activity radioactive material. The site's arid climate, deep groundwater and favourable geology help ensure permanent waste isolation. Combined with a state of the art multi-layer landfill liner system, the Grand View facility represents an ideal choice to minimize environmental liability. Marginally contaminated wastes from operations within the Fuel Services Division are typically loaded into PacTec IP-2 rated Intermediary Bulk Containers and then transported by road to a nearby rail siding. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are then loaded in US Ecology owned gondola rail-cars. The gondolas are then transported via Canadian Pacific and Union Pacific railroads to the US Ecology Rail Transfer facility located in Mayfield, Idaho. The Intermediary Bulk Containers are unloaded into trucks for transport to the disposal facility located approximately 32 miles away. (authors)

  18. BP Cherry Point Cogeneration Project, Draft Environmental Impact Statement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N /A

    2003-09-19

    BP West Coast Products, LLC (BP or the Applicant) proposes to construct and operate a nominal 720-megawatt (MW), natural-gas-fired, combined-cycle cogeneration facility next to the existing BP Cherry Point Refinery in Whatcom County, Washington. The Applicant also owns and operates the refinery, but the cogeneration facility and the refinery would be operated as separate business units. The cogeneration facility and its ancillary infrastructure would provide steam and 85 MW of electricity to meet the operating needs of the refinery and 635 MW of electrical power for local and regional consumption. The proposed cogeneration facility would be located between Ferndale and Blaine in northwestern Whatcom County, Washington. The Canadian border is approximately 8 miles north of the proposed project site. The Washington State Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council (EFSEC) has jurisdiction over the evaluation of major energy facilities including the proposed project. As such, EFSEC will recommend approval or denial of the proposed cogeneration facility to the governor of Washington after an environmental review. On June 3, 2002, the Applicant filed an Application for Site Certification (ASC No. 2002-01) with EFSEC in accordance with Washington Administrative Code (WAC) 463-42. On April 22, 2003, the Applicant submitted an amended ASC that included, among other things, a change from air to water cooling. With the submission of the ASC and in accordance with the State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) (WAC 463-47), EFSEC is evaluating the siting of the proposed project and conducting an environmental review with this Environmental Impact Statement (EIS). Because the proposed project requires federal agency approvals and permits, this EIS is intended to meet the requirements under both SEPA and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The Bonneville Power Administration (Bonneville) and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) also will use this EIS as part of their respective decision-making processes associated with the Applicant's request to interconnect to Bonneville's transmission system and proposed location of the project within wetland areas. Therefore, this Draft EIS serves as the environmental review document for SEPA and for NEPA as required by Bonneville for the interconnection and the Corps for its 404 individual permit. The EIS addresses direct, indirect, and cumulative impacts of the proposed project, and potential mitigation measures proposed by the Applicant, as well as measures recommended by EFSEC. The information and resulting analysis presented in this Draft EIS are based primarily on information provided by the Applicant in the ASC No. 2002-01 (BP 2002). Where additional information was used to evaluate the potential impacts associated with the proposed action, that information has been referenced. EFSEC's environmental consultant, Shapiro and Associates, Inc., did not perform additional studies during the preparation of this Draft EIS.

  19. OES-IA Annex IV: Environmental Effects of Marine and Hydrokinetic Devices - Report from the Experts Workshop September 27th 28th 2010 Clontarf Castle, Dublin Ireland

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Copping, Andrea E.; O'Toole, Michael J.

    2010-12-02

    An experts' workshop was convened in Dublin Ireland September 27th 28th 2010 in support of IEA Ocean Energy Systems Implementing Agreement Annex IV. PNNL was responsible for organizing the content of the workshop, overseeing the contractors (Irish Marine Institute) hosting the event, presenting material on Annex IV and materials applicable to the workshop intent. PNNL is also overseeing a contractor (Wave Energy Center/University of Plymouth WEC/UP) in the collection and analysis of the Annex IV data. Fifty-eight experts from 8 countries attended the workshop by invitation, spending two days discussing the needs of Annex IV. Presentations by DOE (background on Annex IV), PNNL (process for developing Annex IV; presentation of the draft database for PNNL project, plans for incorporating Annex IV data), WEC/UP on the environmental effect matrix, and four MHK developers (two from the UK, one from Ireland and one from Sweden; each discussing their own projects and lessons learned for measuring and mitigating environmental effects, as well as interactions with consenting [permitting] processes) helped provide background. The workshop participants worked part of the time in the large group and most of the time in four smaller breakout groups. Participants engaged in the process and provided a wealth of examples of MHK environmental work, particularly in the European nations. They provided practical and actionable advice on the following: Developing the Annex IV database, with specific uses and audiences Strong consensus that we should collect detailed metadata on available data sets, rather than attempting to draw in copious datasets. The participants felt there would then be an opportunity to then ask for specific set of data as needed, with specific uses and ownership of the data specified. This is particularly important as many data collected, particularly in Europe but also in Canada, are proprietary; developers were not comfortable with the idea of handing over all their environmental effects data, but all said they would entertain the request if they specifics were clear. The recommendation was to collect metadata via an online interactive form, taking no more than one hour to complete. Although the idea of cases representing the best practices was recognized as useful, the participants pointed out that there are currently so few MHK projects in the water, that any and all projects were appropriate to highlight as cases. There was also discomfort at the implication that best practices implied lesser practices; this being unhelpful to a new and emerging industry. Workshop participants were asked if they were willing to continue to engage in the Annex IV process; all expressed willingness. The workshop was successful in adequately addressing its objectives and through participation and interaction in the breakout sessions around the various topics. As a result of the workshop, many delegates are now better informed and have a greater understanding of the potential environmental effects of MHK devices on the marine environment. There is now a greater sense of understanding of the issues involved and consensus by those regulators, developers and scientists who attended the workshop. A strong network has also been built over the two days between European and US/Canadian technical experts in wave and tidal energy.

  20. Initial Business Case Analysis of Two Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes - Update to Include Evaluation of Impact of Including a Humidifier Option

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, Van D

    2007-02-01

    The long range strategic goal of the Department of Energy's Building Technologies (DOE/BT) Program is to create, by 2020, technologies and design approaches that enable the construction of net-zero energy homes at low incremental cost (DOE/BT 2005). A net zero energy home (NZEH) is a residential building with greatly reduced needs for energy through efficiency gains, with the balance of energy needs supplied by renewable technologies. While initially focused on new construction, these technologies and design approaches are intended to have application to buildings constructed before 2020 as well resulting in substantial reduction in energy use for all building types and ages. DOE/BT's Emerging Technologies (ET) team is working to support this strategic goal by identifying and developing advanced heating, ventilating, air-conditioning, and water heating (HVAC/WH) technology options applicable to NZEHs. In FY05 ORNL conducted an initial Stage 1 (Applied Research) scoping assessment of HVAC/WH systems options for future NZEHs to help DOE/BT identify and prioritize alternative approaches for further development. Eleven system concepts with central air distribution ducting and nine multi-zone systems were selected and their annual and peak demand performance estimated for five locations: Atlanta (mixed-humid), Houston (hot-humid), Phoenix (hot-dry), San Francisco (marine), and Chicago (cold). Performance was estimated by simulating the systems using the TRNSYS simulation engine (Solar Energy Laboratory et al. 2006) in two 1800-ft{sup 2} houses--a Building America (BA) benchmark house and a prototype NZEH taken from BEopt results at the take-off (or crossover) point (i.e., a house incorporating those design features such that further progress towards ZEH is through the addition of photovoltaic power sources, as determined by current BEopt analyses conducted by NREL). Results were summarized in a project report, HVAC Equipment Design options for Near-Zero-Energy Homes--A Stage 2 Scoping Assessment, ORNL/TM-2005/194 (Baxter 2005). The 2005 study report describes the HVAC options considered, the ranking criteria used, and the system rankings by priority. In 2006, the two top-ranked options from the 2005 study, air-source and ground-source versions of a centrally ducted integrated heat pump (IHP) system, were subjected to an initial business case study. The IHPs were subjected to a more rigorous hourly-based assessment of their performance potential compared to a baseline suite of equipment of legally minimum efficiency that provided the same heating, cooling, water heating, demand dehumidification, and ventilation services as the IHPs. Results were summarized in a project report, Initial Business Case Analysis of Two Integrated Heat Pump HVAC Systems for Near-Zero-Energy Homes, ORNL/TM-2006/130 (Baxter 2006a). The present report is an update to that document which summarizes results of an analysis of the impact of adding a humidifier to the HVAC system to maintain minimum levels of space relative humidity (RH) in winter. The space RH in winter has direct impact on occupant comfort and on control of dust mites, many types of disease bacteria, and 'dry air' electric shocks. Chapter 8 in ASHRAE's 2005 Handbook of Fundamentals (HOF) suggests a 30% lower limit on RH for indoor temperatures in the range of {approx}68-69F based on comfort (ASHRAE 2005). Table 3 in chapter 9 of the same reference suggests a 30-55% RH range for winter as established by a Canadian study of exposure limits for residential indoor environments (EHD 1987). Harriman, et al (2001) note that for RH levels of 35% or higher, electrostatic shocks are minimized and that dust mites cannot live at RH levels below 40%. They also indicate that many disease bacteria life spans are minimized when space RH is held within a 30-60% range. From the foregoing it is reasonable to assume that a winter space RH range of 30-40% would be an acceptable compromise between comfort considerations and limitation of growth rates for dust mites and many bacteria. In addition it reports some corrections made to the simulation models used in order to correct some errors in the TRNSYS building model for Atlanta and in the refrigerant pressure drop calculation in the water-to-refrigerant evaporator module of the ORNL Heat Pump Design Model (HPDM) used for the IHP analyses. These changes resulted in some minor differences between IHP performance as reported in Baxter (2006) and in this report.

  1. QER- Comment of Claire Chang

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    on proposed Kinder Morgan gas pipeline through MA. — The pipeline is not needed. This pipeline is being touted as filling in a "shortfall" in fuel needed for electricity generation. The "shortfall" in energy has only occurred during very cold snaps when more of the current gas supply is used for heating instead of electric generation. This occasional "shortfall" can be cut by 1/3 just by fixing the leaks in the current gas infrastructure in the state. The remaining 2/3 can easily be made up by expanding current energy efficiency programs like MassSave. — Caps on clean energy need to be removed. A further boost to fill in the occasional "shortfall" in the grid could be achieved removing the cap on the amount of independently generated clean energy (small-scale wind and solar), that can be sold back to the grid. These are systems are already in place and would allow more power into the grid without any additional infrastructure investments needed. — Gas is also intended for export. The pipeline being proposed brings in many times more gas than would be needed to fill in the "shortfall" even if it was a constant need. According to Kinder Morgan's own memo, this extra capacity is slated to go toward increased gas use along newly proposed lateral distribution lines, which works against the state's own greenhouse gas emissions goals, and for export to the Canadian Maritimes, which does not benefit the people of Massachusetts or the country and drives up the price of gas, negating any claims of the project providing cheaper energy. — Ratepayers bear the costs & risks with no benefit. Having electric rate payers fund the pipeline through the proposed tariff is unfair. The pipeline is a private venture, yet the general public is expected to foot the bill and bear the health, safety and environmental risks, while Kinder Morgan and Tennessee Gas Pipeline stockholders reap the benefits. — More gas makes us more dependent. The state's electric generation is already approx 2/3 natural gas. Increasing this makes us even more vulnerable to swings in fuel prices, especially in rapidly changing geo political climate and as this finite resource becomes increasingly rare. — State & ratepayer funds could be better spent. If these kinds of funds are going to be raised on rate payers, they should go toward expanding energy efficiency programs, increased incentives for decentralized roof-top wind and solar generation, more efficient electric transmission lines, more effective energy storage from big wind and solar generation installations. — Pipeline carries financial burden for landowners. The payment for the easement on your land is a one-time deal and is not much money when weighed against the costs to property value. The presence of gas pipelines has historically had a severe negative impact on property values, rendering the properties it crosses virtually unsellable, no longer eligible for a mortgage, and often negating any insurance policies. — Health and safety are at risk. The bad track record for safety of the gas industry, and Kinder Morgan in particular, does not bode well for the health and safety of the people of the Commonwealth. Leaks are frequent, and they can happen even in underground and underwater sections of this buried pipeline. Off-gassing of carcinogens, neurotoxins and endocrine disrupting chemicals at compressor stations every 40-50 miles are constant. Explosions of a pipeline this size and at this high pressure are catastrophic and the fires are fed by many, many miles worth of fuel between shut-off stations, leading to prolonged, extremely high temperature burn. — Pipeline construction and presence pose unwarranted damage and risks. The track of this proposed pipeline cuts through over 900 personal properties, farms, watersheds, major rivers and protected wetlands and forests, leaving all of them to deal with the presence of a toxic mix of chemicals for the decades its in use and the decaying infrastructure for decades after it's no longer in use. — The boost to local taxes is not enough. Any taxes paid to towns by the pipeline are unlikely to be enough to cover necessary increases to environmental and safety monitoring, and certainly not enough to boost the rural towns' ability for appropriate emergency response in case of catastrophic rupture or explosion. Waivers for the Clean Water, Clean Air, Clean Drinking Water and Superfund Acts for the oil and gas industry were built into the 2005 Energy Bill (aka "The Haliburton Loophole"), and local and state entities could be left holding the bag. — Gas is not clean energy. While natural gas produces far less carbon when burned, the methane gas that is currently leaked in drilling, transmission and distribution is a far more powerful greenhouse gas and negates any gains over burning oil or coal. Just say NO. Thank you, Claire Chang -- Claire Chang

  2. Physics division annual report 1999

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thayer, K., ed.; Physics

    2000-12-06

    This report summarizes the research performed in the past year in the Argonne Physics Division. The Division's programs include operation of ATLAS as a national heavy-ion user facility, nuclear structure and reaction research with beams of heavy ions, accelerator research and development especially in superconducting radio frequency technology, nuclear theory and medium energy nuclear physics. The Division took significant strides forward in its science and its initiatives for the future in the past year. Major progress was made in developing the concept and the technology for the future advanced facility of beams of short-lived nuclei, the Rare Isotope Accelerator. The scientific program capitalized on important instrumentation initiatives with key advances in nuclear science. In 1999, the nuclear science community adopted the Argonne concept for a multi-beam superconducting linear accelerator driver as the design of choice for the next major facility in the field a Rare Isotope Accelerator (WA) as recommended by the Nuclear Science Advisory Committee's 1996 Long Range Plan. Argonne has made significant R&D progress on almost all aspects of the design concept including the fast gas catcher (to allow fast fragmentation beams to be stopped and reaccelerated) that in large part defined the RIA concept the superconducting rf technology for the driver accelerator, the multiple-charge-state concept (to permit the facility to meet the design intensity goals with existing ion-source technology), and designs and tests of high-power target concepts to effectively deal with the full beam power of the driver linac. An NSAC subcommittee recommended the Argonne concept and set as tie design goal Uranium beams of 100-kwatt power at 400 MeV/u. Argonne demonstrated that this goal can be met with an innovative, but technically in-hand, design. The heavy-ion research program focused on GammaSphere, the premier facility for nuclear structure gamma-ray studies. One example of the ground-breaking research with Garnmasphere was the first study of the limits of stability with angular momentum in the shell stabilized nobelium isotopes. It was found that these heaviest nuclei could be formed at surprisingly high angular momentum, providing important new insight into the production mechanisms for super-heavy elements. Another focus continues to be experiments with short-lived beams for critical nuclear astrophysics applications. Measurements revealed that {sup 44}Ti is more readily destroyed in supernovae than was expected. Major progress was made in collecting and storing unstable ions in the Canadian Penning Trap. The technique of stopping and rapidly extracting ions from a helium gas cell led directly to the new paradigm in the production of rare isotope beams that became RIA. ATLAS provided a record 6046 hours of beam use for experiments in FY99. The facility pressed hard to support the heavy demands of the GammaSphere Research program but maintained an operational reliability of 93%. Of the 29 different isotopes provided as beams in FY99, radioactive beams of {sup 44}Ti and {sup 17}F comprised 6% of the beam time. The theoretical efforts in the Division made dramatic new strides in such topics as quantum Monte Carlo calculations of light nuclei to understand microscopic many-body forces in nuclei; QCD calculations based on the Dyson-Schwinger approach which were extended to baryon systems and finite temperatures and densities; the structure of heavy nuclei; and proton decay modes of nuclei far from stability. The medium-energy program continues to focus on new techniques to understand how the quark-gluon structure of matter impacts the structure of nuclei. The HERMES experiment began making measurements of the fraction of the spin of the nucleon carried by the glue. Drell-Yan experiments study the flavor composition of the sea of the proton. Experiments at Jefferson lab search for clues of QCD dynamics at the hadronic level. A major advance in trace isotope analysis was realized with pioneering work on Atom Trap Trace Analysis, exploitin

  3. Phil Wallace and Theoretical Physics at McGill in the 1950's: A Personal Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, John David

    2010-11-18

    In 1946 Philip (Phil) Russell Wallace joined the Mathematics Department of McGill University as an Associate Professor of Applied Mathematics, apparently because A. H. S. Gillson, Dean of Arts and Science, wanted theoretical physicists to be in the Mathematics Department. He came with the dream of creating a theoretical physics group at McGill. By the spring of 1949, Phil was authorized to recruit two junior faculty in Mathematics. He hired Theodore (Ted) F. Morris from U. Toronto, who joined in September 1949, and me, who came in January 1950. The group had begun. Phil Wallace was born in Toronto in 1915 and grew up there. He entered the University of Toronto in 1933, earned a B.A. in mathematics in 1937, a M.A. in 1938, and a Ph.D. in applied mathematics in 1940 under Leopold Infeld. His Ph.D. thesis in general relativity was entitled 'On the relativistic equations of motion in electromagnetic theory.' In 1940 World War II had engulfed Europe and was having its effect on Canada, but the US was still at peace. L. J. Synge, Head of the Applied Mathematics Department at Toronto, told Wallace that people such as he would be needed in war work, but things were not ready quite yet. Hold yourself ready. Phil took a two-year position as lecturer in mathematics at the University of Cincinnati (1940-42); in the fall of 1942 he became a lecturer in mathematics at M.I.T. It was from there that he was recruited by Synge to join the war effort from 1943 to 1946 at N.R.C.'s Montreal Laboratory, the genesis of the Canadian Atomic Energy Project. Phil has described those heady wartime years in these pages. Much of the effort of the theoretical physicists was on nuclear reactor theory and the properties of relevant materials, such as graphite, under long and intense neutron bombardment. In late 1945 Phil was sent for four months to Bristol to learn about the properties of graphite from the esteemed N. F. Mott. This exposure led Phil to a life-long interest in graphite and in condensed matter physics in general. After the war, the group of Montreal Lab theorists dissolved - some had already left for Los Alamos; some went to Chalk River; Volkoff returned to UBC to foster theoretical physics as part of physics in the West; Wallace to do the same in the East. But the path at McGill was not smooth. As a singular anomaly in a pure math department, Phil was tucked away in the corner of some engineering building, remote from the bulk of the mathematicians. And there was no welcoming mat from Physics. As Wallace remarks, 'I took a post at McGill, not surprisingly in the department of Mathematics. Certain complications of academic politics followed, such as jurisdictional disputes over course assignments. Theoretical physicists were treated more or less as foreigners or rivals by at least a segment of the physics department.' 'Why was that?' McGill's attitude about theoretical physics was colored for fifty years by the lingering influence of Ernest Rutherford, who was a faculty member from 1898 to 1907. In his essay about the beginnings of theoretical physics in Canada, Wallace quotes examples of Rutherford's views about theoretical physics. In short, theoretical physics is applied mathematics and has no place in a department devoted to the study of natural phenomena. Because of his eminence and connection to McGill, numerous physics graduates went to the 'Mecca' of Manchester then Cambridge to do a Ph.D. with the great man. Some then returned to the McGill Physics faculty to teach and perpetuate the Rutherfordian view of theory. Although the theoretical physics group at McGill in the 1950s had no official standing and no statutory leader, Phil Wallace was that leader and builder of the group. An inspiration to students and junior colleagues alike, he protected and nurtured us in the sometimes difficult circumstances of citizens without a country.

  4. Canada-USA Salmon Shelf Survival Study, 2007-2008 Annual Report.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trudel, Marc; Tucker, Strahan; Morris, John

    2009-03-09

    Historically, salmon stocks from the Columbia River and Snake River formed one of the most valuable fisheries on the west coast of North America. However, salmon and steelhead returns sharply declined during the 1980s and 1990s to reach nearly 1 million fish. Although several factors may be responsible for the decline of Columbia River salmon and steelhead, there is increasing evidence that these drastic declines were primarily attributable to persistently unfavorable ocean conditions. Hence, an understanding of the effects of ocean conditions on salmon production is required to forecast the return of salmon to the Columbia River basin and to assess the efficacy of mitigation measures such as flow regulation on salmon resources in this system. The Canadian Program on High Seas Salmon has been collecting juvenile salmon and oceanographic data off the west coast of British Columbia and Southeast Alaska since 1998 to assess the effects of ocean conditions on the distribution, migration, growth, and survival of Pacific salmon. Here, we present a summary of the work conducted as part of the Canada-USA Salmon Shelf Survival Study during the 2008 fiscal year and compare these results with those obtained from previous years. The working hypothesis of this research is that fast growth enhances the marine survival of salmon, either because fast growing fish quickly reach a size that is sufficient to successfully avoid predators, or because they accumulate enough energy reserves to better survive their first winter at sea, a period generally considered critical in the life cycle of salmon. Sea surface temperature decreased from FY05 to FY08, whereas, the summer biomass of phytoplankton increased steadily off the west coast of Vancouver Island from FY05 to FY08. As in FY07, zooplankton biomass was generally above average off the west coast of Vancouver Island in FY08. Interestingly, phytoplankton and zooplankton biomass were higher in FY08 than was expected from the observed nutrient concentration that year. This suggests nutrients were more effectively by phytoplankton in FY08. In addition, the abundance of lipid-rich northern copepods increased from FY05 to FY08, whereas lipid-poor southern copepods showed the opposite pattern, suggesting that growth conditions were more favorable to juvenile salmon in FY08 than in previous years. However, growth indices for juvenile coho salmon were near the 1998-2008 average, both off the west coast of Vancouver Island and Southeast Alaska, indicating that additional factors beside prey quality affect juvenile salmon growth in the marine environment. Catches of juvenile Chinook, sockeye and chum salmon off the west coast of Vancouver Island in June-July 2008 were the highest on record during summer since 1998, suggesting that early marine survival for the 2008 smolt year was high. Interestingly, the proportion of hatchery fish was high (80-100%) among the juvenile Columbia River Chinook salmon caught off the British Columbia coast during summer, suggest that relatively few wild Chinook salmon are produced in the Columbia River Chinook. In addition, we also recovered two coded-wire tagged juvenile Redfish Lake sockeye salmon in June 2008 off the west coast of British Columbia. As relatively few Redfish Lake sockeye smolts are tagged each year, this also suggests that early marine survival was high for these fish, and may result in a high return in 2009 if they mature at age three, or in 2010 if they mature at age four. To date, our research shows that different populations of Columbia River salmon move to different locations along the coastal zone where they establish their ocean feeding grounds and overwinter. We further show that ocean conditions experienced by juvenile Columbia River salmon vary among regions of the coast, with higher plankton productivity and temperatures off the west coast of Vancouver Island than in Southeast Alaska. Hence, different stocks of juvenile salmon originating from the Columbia River and Snake River are exposed to different ocean conditions and may respond differ

  5. 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NAD_UTIL","FILLER","EFFDATE","STATUS","MULTIST","YEAR","GEN01","CON01","STK01","GEN02","CON02","STK02","GEN03","CON03","STK03","GEN04","CON04","STK04","GEN05","CON05","STK05","GEN06","CON06","STK06","GEN07","CON07","STK07","GEN08","CON08","STK08","GEN09","CON09","STK09","GEN10","CON10","STK10","GEN11","CON11","STK11","GEN12","CON12","STK12","PCODE","NERC","UTILCODE","FUELDESC","PMDESC" 11,23,1,1,,19,10,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ELLSWORTH",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2941,0,0,3518,0,0,4870,0,0,1732,0,0,3252,0,0,2193,0,0,134,0,0,447,0,0,465,0,0,538,0,0,4295,0,0,3601,0,0,1469,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,15,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","HOWLAND",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,772,0,0,858,0,0,1012,0,0,727,0,0,1061,0,0,917,0,0,385,0,0,118,0,0,0,0,0,657,0,0,905,0,0,820,0,0,1472,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,2116,0,0,1715,0,0,1459,0,0,1821,0,0,1946,0,0,2134,0,0,2157,0,0,1797,0,0,1745,0,0,1829,0,0,2224,0,0,2386,0,0,1474,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,30,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,553,181,307,419,0,0,593,31,55,538,66,120,418,219,399,383,324,598,481,313,579,614,97,178,575,1,2,573,0,0,608,98,171,611,1474,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,19,35,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","MILFORD",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,3843,0,0,3348,0,0,4177,0,0,3759,0,0,4855,0,0,4740,0,0,2971,0,0,2432,0,0,1786,0,0,1561,0,0,3510,0,0,4606,0,0,1475,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,45,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","ORONO",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,895,0,0,836,0,0,966,0,0,576,0,0,624,0,0,736,0,0,684,0,0,464,0,0,408,0,0,616,0,0,849,0,0,896,0,0,1476,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,55,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","STILLWATER",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,1191,0,0,844,0,0,939,0,0,1021,0,0,1114,0,0,1181,0,0,1170,0,0,878,0,0,818,0,0,880,0,0,923,0,0,950,0,0,1478,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,60,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE A",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,4314,0,0,3855,0,0,5043,0,0,5153,0,0,6053,0,0,5342,0,0,3542,0,0,2651,0,0,2281,0,0,3932,0,0,5128,0,0,3842,0,0,1479,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,19,62,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","VEAZIE B",0,,1179,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7199,6,50159,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,19,68,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","BAR HARBOR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,42,73,538,379,659,574,0,0,574,73,128,446,69,125,512,225,420,440,312,579,556,449,813,455,32,60,586,49,89,497,6,10,487,152,264,571,1466,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,19,75,"BANGOR HYDRO ELECTRIC CO","EASTPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",1179,"0A",1294,,,95,39,70,576,80,139,412,0,0,586,10,18,557,32,58,494,111,204,464,172,317,495,182,334,509,19,36,472,0,0,470,15,29,429,67,117,460,1468,6,50159,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDROSCOG 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2536,0,0,2573,0,0,2732,0,0,2703,0,0,2639,0,0,2235,0,0,2379,0,0,2201,0,0,1657,0,0,2352,0,0,2282,0,0,2805,0,0,1480,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,10,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BAR MILLS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2420,0,0,1389,0,0,2414,0,0,2364,0,0,2584,0,0,1195,0,0,623,0,0,586,0,0,293,0,0,1310,0,0,2401,0,0,2056,0,0,1481,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,20,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BONNY EAGLE",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,6041,0,0,3654,0,0,5858,0,0,5255,0,0,4575,0,0,2217,0,0,1233,0,0,1084,0,0,592,0,0,3323,0,0,7098,0,0,4100,0,0,1482,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,40,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CATARACT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5330,0,0,4194,0,0,4953,0,0,4656,0,0,4888,0,0,5331,0,0,818,0,0,662,0,0,102,0,0,2232,0,0,5064,0,0,4090,0,0,1486,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,42,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CONTINENTAL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-14,0,0,-15,0,0,322,0,0,72,0,0,147,0,0,12,0,0,3,0,0,13,0,0,15,0,0,109,0,0,555,0,0,-18,0,0,1487,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,50,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","DEER RIP 1",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,2694,0,0,2434,0,0,4080,0,0,3776,0,0,4034,0,0,2023,0,0,686,0,0,215,0,0,83,0,0,1916,0,0,3984,0,0,3453,0,0,1488,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,60,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","FT HALIFAX",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,959,0,0,424,0,0,1026,0,0,961,0,0,925,0,0,526,0,0,51,0,0,5,0,0,155,0,0,380,0,0,977,0,0,659,0,0,1490,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,75,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","GULF ISLAND",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,10764,0,0,9131,0,0,13512,0,0,13282,0,0,13485,0,0,8299,0,0,5537,0,0,4070,0,0,2892,0,0,9130,0,0,15549,0,0,11464,0,0,1491,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,80,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HARRIS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,14325,0,0,24479,0,0,22937,0,0,6538,0,0,5448,0,0,21283,0,0,13285,0,0,11928,0,0,12813,0,0,10770,0,0,19708,0,0,26783,0,0,1492,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,85,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HIRAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5791,0,0,3447,0,0,5873,0,0,6762,0,0,6516,0,0,2778,0,0,1397,0,0,1182,0,0,155,0,0,2992,0,0,7160,0,0,4285,0,0,1493,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,90,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 2",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1280,0,0,585,0,0,1625,0,0,606,0,0,869,0,0,350,0,0,2,0,0,-1,0,0,9,0,0,710,0,0,1668,0,0,745,0,0,1497,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,95,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 3",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,753,0,0,330,0,0,977,0,0,349,0,0,507,0,0,180,0,0,0,0,0,-6,0,0,0,0,0,414,0,0,1038,0,0,416,0,0,1498,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,100,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 4",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,405,0,0,183,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1499,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,105,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","MESALONSK 5",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,699,0,0,292,0,0,0,0,0,378,0,0,0,0,0,203,0,0,13,0,0,9,0,0,4,0,0,408,0,0,923,0,0,390,0,0,1500,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,110,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","NO GORHAM",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,1215,0,0,963,0,0,842,0,0,520,0,0,455,0,0,503,0,0,595,0,0,604,0,0,413,0,0,340,0,0,740,0,0,1180,0,0,1501,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,125,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SHAWMUT",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,5226,0,0,5495,0,0,6547,0,0,5776,0,0,5295,0,0,4910,0,0,3475,0,0,2346,0,0,2571,0,0,3529,0,0,4803,0,0,6066,0,0,1504,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,130,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SKELTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,13276,0,0,8614,0,0,12134,0,0,11304,0,0,11550,0,0,5199,0,0,2833,0,0,2610,0,0,687,0,0,6731,0,0,13037,0,0,9456,0,0,1505,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,145,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WEST BUXTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,4424,0,0,2556,0,0,4381,0,0,3723,0,0,3292,0,0,1602,0,0,798,0,0,745,0,0,418,0,0,1944,0,0,4334,0,0,3045,0,0,1508,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,150,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WESTON",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,8095,0,0,8443,0,0,9513,0,0,8520,0,0,7843,0,0,7850,0,0,5819,0,0,4618,0,0,4257,0,0,5361,0,0,7925,0,0,9347,0,0,1509,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,155,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WILLIAMS",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,9171,0,0,9162,0,0,10255,0,0,6585,0,0,7543,0,0,8658,0,0,6098,0,0,5593,0,0,5308,0,0,5891,0,0,8857,0,0,10646,0,0,1510,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,160,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN HYDRO",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,30298,0,0,37016,0,0,38382,0,0,18735,0,0,24745,0,0,31774,0,0,20433,0,0,17564,0,0,16353,0,0,19735,0,0,40234,0,0,38504,0,0,1511,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,4,2,37,175,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","CAPE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,40,282,7937,40,336,7601,-57,44,7557,-40,24,7533,5,162,7371,38,208,7316,611,1872,6581,497,1571,5887,-24,32,5855,-32,27,5828,-45,25,5803,-25,145,5552,1484,6,50491,"FO2","GT" 11,23,1,2,2,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1587,1149,810,1542,1579,117,264,1534,980,1825,1680,366,883,1468,854,1640,1807,783,1460,2327,653,1307,1677,115,266,1410,20,76,1335,486,1282,2039,604,1177,2212,1507,6,50491,"FO2","ST" 11,23,1,2,3,37,200,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","WYMAN STEAM",0,"HEAVY OIL",3266,"0M",1294,,,95,47051,97029,319010,122493,214459,275338,22777,47240,228098,127804,222606,207728,22560,50003,278752,79660,140051,253816,153893,263859,173676,74046,134076,202289,16596,35140,288543,3258,10955,197963,18538,44437,353526,107031,192190,308382,1507,6,50491,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,37,204,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ISLESBORO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1494,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,37,206,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","PEAK IS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1502,6,50491,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,37,210,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BRUNSWICK",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,7964,0,0,6898,0,0,11266,0,0,10237,0,0,10095,0,0,6009,0,0,3698,0,0,2974,0,0,2429,0,0,6541,0,0,12216,0,0,8541,0,0,1483,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,215,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","W CHANNEL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,-33,0,0,-20,0,0,-22,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-21,0,0,-1,0,0,19,0,0,-11,0,0,-22,0,0,695,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,220,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES UPPER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-41,0,0,-34,0,0,610,0,0,144,0,0,273,0,0,15,0,0,1,0,0,15,0,0,18,0,0,217,0,0,4223,0,0,-30,0,0,7044,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,225,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","BATES LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,"S",,95,-17,0,0,-16,0,0,-8,0,0,-2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,-3,0,0,-17,0,0,7045,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,235,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","ANDRO LOWER",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,23,0,0,-11,0,0,21,0,0,-2,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,-1,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,38,0,0,-14,0,0,7047,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,240,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","HILL MILL",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,183,0,0,-6,0,0,60,0,0,2,0,0,1,0,0,0,0,0,1,0,0,105,0,0,467,0,0,-6,0,0,7048,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,245,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","C E MONTY",0,,3266,"0M",1294,,,95,11840,0,0,10124,0,0,14280,0,0,13297,0,0,13808,0,0,8324,0,0,5496,0,0,4271,0,0,3199,0,0,9333,0,0,15686,0,0,12247,0,0,805,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,1,,37,250,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","SMELT HILL",0,,3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,400,0,0,352,0,0,239,0,0,180,0,0,162,0,0,191,0,0,178,0,0,-608,0,0,766,0,0,224,0,0,283,0,0,7514,6,50491,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,"B",37,255,"CENTRAL MAINE POWER CO","AROOSTOOK V",0,"WOOD",3266,"0M",294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,165,0,0,134,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7513,6,50491,"WD","ST" 11,23,1,1,,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,454,0,0,469,0,0,519,0,0,451,0,0,454,0,0,410,0,0,48,0,0,1,0,0,-2,0,0,178,0,0,536,0,0,504,0,0,1513,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,2,3,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"HEAVY OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,343,903,9375,592,1410,7984,-32,0,8005,-29,0,7995,-26,6,8015,-27,4,8057,-26,0,8067,222,644,7448,-28,0,7396,-29,0,7390,857,1841,5557,2237,4973,2370,1513,6,51747,"FO6","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,94,5,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","CARIBOU",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,50,251,1746,5,143,1693,-65,0,1583,78,225,1932,-18,17,1865,-9,6,1829,38,115,1683,233,500,1802,86,210,1776,-6,65,2071,-56,28,1948,244,599,2098,1513,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,1,,94,10,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","SQUA PAN",0,,11522,"0M",1294,,,95,115,0,0,363,0,0,152,0,0,-10,0,0,-7,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,-4,0,0,-6,0,0,-7,0,0,3,0,0,223,0,0,1516,6,51747,"WAT","HY" 11,23,1,3,2,94,23,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","FLOS INN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,27,115,314,19,82,232,-29,0,232,19,79,373,-23,2,371,-16,0,371,13,80,290,124,284,232,74,135,323,-3,51,272,-25,8,264,217,451,388,1514,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,3,2,94,25,"MAINE PUBLIC SERVICE CO","HOULTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11522,"0M",1294,,,95,6,28,13,-8,1,12,-8,2,10,-8,0,10,-6,0,10,-3,0,10,-2,0,10,-3,0,10,-3,0,10,-4,0,11,-4,2,8,14,34,6,1515,6,51747,"FO2","IC" 11,23,1,2,1,97,1,"MAINE YANKEE ATOMIC PWR C","MAIN YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",11525,"0M",1294,,,95,197577,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1517,6,51748,"UR","ST" 11,23,1,3,2,116,10,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SWANS FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,"R",180,95,-7,0,2,-7,0,2,-6,0,2,-3,0,2,-2,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-1,0,2,-3,0,2,0,0,0,1518,6,52411,"FO2","IC" 11,23,5,1,,525,1,"LEWISTON (CITY OF)","ANDRO UPPER",0,,10963,"0A",1294,,,95,296,0,0,378,0,0,310,0,0,424,0,0,264,0,0,390,0,0,256,0,0,258,0,0,304,0,0,270,0,0,342,0,0,324,0,0,7046,6,54168,"WAT","HY" 11,23,5,1,,566,1,"MADISON (CITY OF)","NORRIDGEWCK",0,,11477,"0A",1294,,,95,306,0,0,241,0,0,261,0,0,291,0,0,379,0,0,277,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,26,0,0,121,0,0,197,0,0,224,0,0,6701,6,51737,"WAT","HY" 11,23,8,3,2,835,5,"EASTERN MAINE ELEC COOP","PORTABLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",5609,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6366,6,50848,"FO2","IC" 11,23,8,3,2,940,1,"SWANS ISLAND ELEC COOP","MINTURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",18368,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1550,6,52863,"FO2","IC" 12,33,1,1,,106,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","COMERFORD",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,34273,0,0,19125,0,0,43429,0,0,11874,0,0,22700,0,0,13853,0,0,5565,0,0,11061,0,0,5412,0,0,30636,0,0,45527,0,0,18948,0,0,2349,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MCINDOES",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4420,0,0,3434,0,0,6350,0,0,3330,0,0,4648,0,0,2664,0,0,1453,0,0,2497,0,0,1353,0,0,4755,0,0,7050,0,0,3740,0,0,6483,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,13,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","S C MOORE",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,29434,0,0,15866,0,0,34014,0,0,9521,0,0,19359,0,0,12124,0,0,4787,0,0,9805,0,0,4357,0,0,27013,0,0,40020,0,0,16551,0,0,2351,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,7120,0,0,5523,0,0,9186,0,0,7993,0,0,7582,0,0,3197,0,0,1355,0,0,2525,0,0,19,0,0,5912,0,0,9702,0,0,7342,0,0,2352,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,106,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,1974,0,0,3326,0,0,18722,0,0,7773,0,0,8911,0,0,4713,0,0,4047,0,0,5176,0,0,2849,0,0,9330,0,0,12667,0,0,7471,0,0,2353,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,2,1,123,1,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SEABROOK",0,"NUCLEAR",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,857441,0,0,778373,0,0,863021,0,0,832472,0,0,865152,0,0,495425,0,0,690261,0,0,805711,0,0,800410,0,0,828658,0,0,60958,0,0,501494,0,0,6115,6,52411,"UR","ST" 12,33,1,1,,123,4,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AMOSKEAG",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,10690,0,0,7028,0,0,11425,0,0,749,0,0,15769,0,0,4245,0,0,2251,0,0,3257,0,0,434,0,0,5760,0,0,11044,0,0,6264,0,0,2354,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,6,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","AYERS IS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,3909,0,0,2249,0,0,4743,0,0,3555,0,0,4487,0,0,1520,0,0,1448,0,0,1727,0,0,380,0,0,3303,0,0,5711,0,0,2632,0,0,2355,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,16,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","EASTMAN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2843,0,0,1293,0,0,2781,0,0,2587,0,0,2725,0,0,1214,0,0,1763,0,0,10079,0,0,-9794,0,0,1729,0,0,3266,0,0,1701,0,0,2356,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,20,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GARVIN FLS",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,5209,0,0,3143,0,0,5693,0,0,4388,0,0,3956,0,0,2019,0,0,755,0,0,1667,0,0,350,0,0,3233,0,0,6336,0,0,3913,0,0,2357,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,22,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","GORHAM",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,989,0,0,1031,0,0,1249,0,0,885,0,0,1193,0,0,756,0,0,568,0,0,530,0,0,580,0,0,864,0,0,1116,0,0,1202,0,0,2358,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,28,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","HOOKSETT",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,787,0,0,865,0,0,912,0,0,1164,0,0,1141,0,0,791,0,0,156,0,0,317,0,0,43,0,0,751,0,0,952,0,0,776,0,0,2359,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,30,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","JACKMAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1997,0,0,535,0,0,1239,0,0,236,0,0,557,0,0,305,0,0,191,0,0,722,0,0,-8,0,0,1339,0,0,2326,0,0,864,0,0,2360,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,1,,123,50,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SMITH STA",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,8143,0,0,9737,0,0,11648,0,0,6108,0,0,8349,0,0,6172,0,0,4454,0,0,4871,0,0,3742,0,0,6861,0,0,10860,0,0,10308,0,0,2368,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 12,33,1,4,2,123,57,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","LOST NATION",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-15,0,2159,79,306,1853,-15,0,1853,-12,0,1853,42,125,1728,50,140,1587,209,595,1527,275,828,1235,-11,0,1235,-11,0,1235,-10,0,1235,111,338,1076,2362,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,27,45,275,16,29,156,22,38,180,23,38,218,0,0,0,29,52,151,6,14,205,30,55,180,52,96,222,62,108,185,57,96,176,20,35,176,2364,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,266403,101539,253077,274308,103830,266334,256612,98157,263978,216443,80934,278945,76504,17154,315133,246563,95683,297713,281671,111493,247571,263463,95839,235114,181335,71786,264069,207269,81066,275589,253852,96425,269715,287608,108204,247069,2364,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,59,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","MERRIMACK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-47,0,3032,411,1048,3032,-21,0,1984,-18,0,1984,112,282,1702,122,334,1367,613,1576,1494,582,1554,2033,-14,0,2033,-11,20,2013,-20,0,2013,242,603,1411,2364,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,3,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1350,2702,31413,820,1554,92325,2073,4352,187620,1454,2823,184796,1826,3479,189663,2478,4626,184835,4062,7903,176932,2011,4193,53637,1321,2911,170000,1885,4329,165671,5233,10859,154812,3538,6785,118334,2367,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,6,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"BIT COAL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,53534,27148,87087,68779,32692,50318,47008,24972,52027,65230,33724,53967,55312,27020,32185,49976,24400,75043,55074,26887,62380,30313,18396,42154,18241,9931,51974,16092,9642,54786,30357,16856,90418,65541,32424,72200,2367,6,52411,"BIT","ST" 12,33,1,4,2,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-13,0,804,95,260,723,-12,0,723,-9,0,723,57,118,604,-7,0,604,90,262,723,242,963,714,-7,0,714,0,0,714,-9,0,714,120,301,794,2367,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,4,9,123,63,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","SCHILLER",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,19,240,0,12,140,0,24,310,0,25,300,0,22,264,0,17,210,0,219,2700,0,121,2803,0,14,190,0,15,220,0,24,320,0,22,260,0,2367,6,52411,"NG","GT" 12,33,1,4,2,123,70,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","WHITE LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,-17,0,2383,97,350,2033,-14,4,2029,-7,0,2029,48,94,1935,136,341,1595,147,405,1763,357,924,1410,-3,0,1410,-3,0,1410,-13,0,1410,-6,129,1281,2369,6,52411,"FO2","GT" 12,33,1,2,2,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,2141,4247,1577,1729,3274,1766,1111,2327,1824,1584,4149,1209,1580,3072,1209,1589,3168,1640,1162,2239,1856,1703,3313,1598,1134,2258,1388,173,817,1751,1894,3703,1630,507,3096,1651,8002,6,52411,"FO2","ST" 12,33,1,2,3,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,73391,138116,328850,119485,206586,321529,32827,62816,434361,89003,159420,245596,100291,177704,321055,73382,134661,317462,125529,216497,100965,57182,118647,2305699,45699,82009,405756,1560,6611,399144,100544,177099,222046,136392,231245,388270,8002,6,52411,"FO6","ST" 12,33,1,2,9,123,72,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","NEWINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,1463,17053,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,35353,394385,0,45744,527451,0,57696,624462,0,48968,544320,0,10747,122302,0,57,1545,0,742,8312,0,0,0,0,8002,6,52411,"NG","ST" 13,50,1,1,,22,2,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ARNOLD FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,112,0,0,27,0,0,168,0,0,290,0,0,100,0,0,18,0,0,33,0,0,37,0,0,17,0,0,172,0,0,245,0,0,135,0,0,3707,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,10,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CAVENDISH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,534,0,0,309,0,0,847,0,0,607,0,0,267,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,134,0,0,-3,0,0,391,0,0,928,0,0,383,0,0,3710,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,11,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CLARKS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1404,0,0,1026,0,0,1689,0,0,1865,0,0,1729,0,0,855,0,0,596,0,0,1076,0,0,567,0,0,1648,0,0,1970,0,0,1412,0,0,3711,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,15,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","FAIRFAX",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1873,0,0,1589,0,0,2321,0,0,2516,0,0,2499,0,0,1241,0,0,878,0,0,1432,0,0,744,0,0,2114,0,0,2573,0,0,2233,0,0,3712,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,16,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GAGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,221,0,0,24,0,0,244,0,0,307,0,0,290,0,0,73,0,0,85,0,0,38,0,0,48,0,0,305,0,0,523,0,0,226,0,0,3713,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,18,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","GLEN",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1041,0,0,605,0,0,731,0,0,367,0,0,238,0,0,98,0,0,83,0,0,323,0,0,183,0,0,629,0,0,1307,0,0,401,0,0,3714,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,22,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","LW MIDLEBRY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,725,0,0,534,0,0,1054,0,0,920,0,0,550,0,0,286,0,0,79,0,0,150,0,0,104,0,0,524,0,0,1220,0,0,492,0,0,3716,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,26,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","MILTON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,3538,0,0,2446,0,0,4215,0,0,4336,0,0,3864,0,0,1806,0,0,1204,0,0,2514,0,0,1210,0,0,4046,0,0,4879,0,0,3192,0,0,3717,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,28,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PASSUMPSIC",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,315,0,0,97,0,0,378,0,0,435,0,0,415,0,0,90,0,0,51,0,0,150,0,0,94,0,0,370,0,0,434,0,0,44,0,0,3718,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,30,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PATCH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,107,0,0,58,0,0,59,0,0,21,0,0,7,0,0,5,0,0,5,0,0,28,0,0,7,0,0,42,0,0,158,0,0,30,0,0,3719,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,34,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PIERCE MLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,113,0,0,81,0,0,121,0,0,180,0,0,161,0,0,59,0,0,47,0,0,47,0,0,17,0,0,102,0,0,181,0,0,116,0,0,3721,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,36,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PITTSFORD",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1275,0,0,941,0,0,158,0,0,47,0,0,-2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,489,0,0,354,0,0,726,0,0,1999,0,0,679,0,0,3722,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,38,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SALISBURY",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,325,0,0,210,0,0,191,0,0,62,0,0,141,0,0,65,0,0,25,0,0,72,0,0,111,0,0,88,0,0,-6,0,0,303,0,0,3724,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,40,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SILVER LAKE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,800,0,0,508,0,0,722,0,0,405,0,0,402,0,0,227,0,0,103,0,0,275,0,0,84,0,0,500,0,0,973,0,0,535,0,0,3725,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,41,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","TAFTSVILLE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,150,0,0,135,0,0,208,0,0,200,0,0,119,0,0,12,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,-1,0,0,55,0,0,175,0,0,162,0,0,3727,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,44,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","WEYBRIDGE",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,1391,0,0,616,0,0,1819,0,0,1459,0,0,991,0,0,370,0,0,156,0,0,354,0,0,167,0,0,1042,0,0,2031,0,0,856,0,0,3728,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,45,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","PETERSON",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,2522,0,0,1281,0,0,3601,0,0,3092,0,0,2335,0,0,1090,0,0,702,0,0,1605,0,0,681,0,0,2814,0,0,4021,0,0,1742,0,0,3720,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,22,48,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","RUTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,13,125,4525,45,327,4198,40,218,3979,19,143,3836,20,127,3709,101,381,3328,272,898,2430,277,932,1498,34,167,3475,-8,46,3429,32,195,3234,152,651,2583,3723,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,22,49,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ASCUTNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,27,136,2572,77,326,2246,69,300,1946,18,96,1851,8,65,1786,41,144,1641,268,895,2175,226,765,1409,-1,38,3277,-15,0,3277,-3,71,3206,88,353,2853,3708,6,50503,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,3,2,22,60,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","ST ALBANS",0,"LIGHT OIL",3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,-14,0,89,5,38,214,-11,4,210,-10,5,205,7,17,188,21,40,148,72,149,234,59,123,111,-1,2,110,-3,0,110,-6,0,108,9,42,236,3726,6,50503,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,22,65,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","SMITH",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,361,0,0,154,0,0,495,0,0,658,0,0,519,0,0,163,0,0,121,0,0,123,0,0,72,0,0,258,0,0,692,0,0,170,0,0,3709,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,22,70,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","EAST BARNET",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,595,0,0,399,0,0,900,0,0,1046,0,0,922,0,0,325,0,0,322,0,0,358,0,0,203,0,0,790,0,0,1148,0,0,702,0,0,788,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,5,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","CHARLESTON",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,339,0,0,244,0,0,393,0,0,445,0,0,409,0,0,252,0,0,154,0,0,192,0,0,90,0,0,382,0,0,461,0,0,314,0,0,3729,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,24,10,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,1625,0,0,946,0,0,1961,0,0,1655,0,0,1645,0,0,917,0,0,474,0,0,1107,0,0,331,0,0,1614,0,0,2652,0,0,1235,0,0,3731,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,24,15,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","NEWPORT DSL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3611,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,377,16,33,290,0,0,259,0,0,229,0,0,206,0,0,206,0,0,206,7,12,194,8,16,177,0,0,177,0,0,137,0,0,85,3730,6,50560,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,24,20,"CITIZENS UTILITIES CO","TROY",0,,3611,"0A",1294,,,95,150,0,0,72,0,0,150,0,0,267,0,0,209,0,0,71,0,0,28,0,0,30,0,0,3,0,0,74,0,0,244,0,0,128,0,0,3733,6,50560,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2888,0,0,2870,0,0,4338,0,0,3931,0,0,3261,0,0,980,0,0,333,0,0,1531,0,0,936,0,0,2161,0,0,3540,0,0,2964,0,0,3737,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,10,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","ESSEX 19",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,311,11,27,284,1,1,283,0,0,283,7,16,267,28,61,385,45,85,300,33,65,235,9,19,394,0,0,394,0,0,394,12,25,369,3737,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,15,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","GORGE NO 18",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,901,0,0,986,0,0,1573,0,0,1661,0,0,1125,0,0,122,0,0,113,0,0,692,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6475,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,20,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MARSHFIELD6",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,891,0,0,1188,0,0,245,0,0,107,0,0,0,0,0,3,0,0,2,0,0,54,0,0,53,0,0,604,0,0,1300,0,0,430,0,0,3739,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,25,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","MIDDLESEX 2",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,1134,0,0,848,0,0,1580,0,0,1697,0,0,1156,0,0,150,0,0,111,0,0,717,0,0,45,0,0,1158,0,0,2061,0,0,1133,0,0,3740,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,972,0,0,799,0,0,1171,0,0,1224,0,0,968,0,0,441,0,0,247,0,0,499,0,0,318,0,0,590,0,0,1307,0,0,899,0,0,6519,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,3,2,47,40,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","VERGENNES 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,15,27,282,68,118,164,15,24,319,5,8,311,4,25,465,108,264,200,174,319,417,163,302,294,20,35,437,3,2,436,2,4,432,35,62,370,6519,6,51169,"FO2","IC" 13,50,1,1,,47,53,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","WATRBRY 22",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,2101,0,0,2029,0,0,1441,0,0,318,0,0,823,0,0,444,0,0,464,0,0,1190,0,0,485,0,0,2251,0,0,2609,0,0,1566,0,0,6520,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,47,55,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","W DANVIL 15",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,445,0,0,146,0,0,507,0,0,509,0,0,301,0,0,77,0,0,87,0,0,220,0,0,103,0,0,544,0,0,661,0,0,151,0,0,3743,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,47,58,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BERLIN NO 5",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,32,270,10962,606,1501,9460,21,72,9388,0,0,9338,254,677,8711,731,1834,7632,1214,3039,11011,1354,3377,12369,189,463,14376,681,1521,12855,79,209,12646,389,879,11767,3734,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,4,2,47,60,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","COLCHSTR 16",0,"LIGHT OIL",7601,"0M",1294,,,95,7,28,1071,86,296,775,5,25,750,0,0,750,9,33,717,6,26,1583,117,472,1112,76,320,791,0,0,1506,0,0,1506,0,0,1507,0,0,1506,3735,6,51169,"FO2","GT" 13,50,1,1,,47,65,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","BOLTON FALL",0,,7601,"0M",1294,,,95,3020,0,0,2253,0,0,3823,0,0,2884,0,0,2258,0,0,636,0,0,502,0,0,1603,0,0,428,0,0,2596,0,0,4478,0,0,2430,0,0,7056,6,51169,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,7,"D",47,70,"GREEN MOUNTAIN POWER CORP","CARTHUSIANS",0,"N/A",7601,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7260,6,51169,"WI","WI" 13,50,1,1,,73,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BELLOWS FLS",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,22299,0,0,16448,0,0,28735,0,0,22260,0,0,21635,0,0,10244,0,0,6175,0,0,10541,0,0,3991,0,0,19464,0,0,30239,0,0,18843,0,0,3745,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","HARRIMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,14391,0,0,13610,0,0,13092,0,0,2630,0,0,807,0,0,1394,0,0,2040,0,0,2968,0,0,2416,0,0,10136,0,0,16468,0,0,11713,0,0,3746,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SEARSBURG",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3120,0,0,2878,0,0,3094,0,0,1942,0,0,1012,0,0,853,0,0,152,0,0,1319,0,0,954,0,0,2077,0,0,3042,0,0,2675,0,0,6529,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,18,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","VERNON",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4592,0,0,4182,0,0,5197,0,0,4922,0,0,4427,0,0,2397,0,0,1604,0,0,3525,0,0,1667,0,0,3876,0,0,4946,0,0,3693,0,0,8904,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,73,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","WILDER",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,9053,0,0,5888,0,0,8525,0,0,1765,0,0,2559,0,0,1204,0,0,21,0,0,1756,0,0,407,0,0,4556,0,0,8802,0,0,2669,0,0,8905,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,98,5,"PUB SERV CO OF NEW HAMP","CANAAN",0,,15472,"0M",1294,,180,95,729,0,0,718,0,0,805,0,0,483,0,0,569,0,0,345,0,0,252,0,0,190,0,0,195,0,0,728,0,0,765,0,0,738,0,0,3750,6,52411,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,2,1,135,1,"VT YANKEE NUCLEAR PR CORP","VT YANKEE",0,"NUCLEAR",19796,"0M",1294,,,95,384928,0,0,346136,0,0,192519,0,0,0,0,0,335965,0,0,365673,0,0,371198,0,0,375476,0,0,363210,0,0,389313,0,0,379730,0,0,354361,0,0,3751,6,53128,"UR","ST" 13,50,1,1,,304,1,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","PROCTOR",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,3213,0,0,2009,0,0,3559,0,0,3058,0,0,2032,0,0,1143,0,0,395,0,0,893,0,0,294,0,0,1839,0,0,3796,0,0,1853,0,0,6450,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,5,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","CTR RUTLAND",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,161,0,0,164,0,0,188,0,0,211,0,0,211,0,0,121,0,0,26,0,0,62,0,0,19,0,0,85,0,0,190,0,0,184,0,0,6453,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,1,,304,10,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","BELDENS",0,,19794,"0A",1294,,,95,2174,0,0,1009,0,0,2729,0,0,1624,0,0,972,0,0,405,0,0,95,0,0,369,0,0,149,0,0,1679,0,0,2997,0,0,1013,0,0,6451,6,53127,"WAT","HY" 13,50,1,4,2,304,15,"VERMONT MARBLE CO","FLORENCE",0,"LIGHT OIL",19794,"0A",1294,,,95,-2,95,12708,118,200,12076,184,475,11934,674,1762,7457,74,191,4607,157,358,9260,354,1040,6925,210,559,6363,167,435,4707,-11,3,10761,-13,60,8428,167,550,7887,7337,6,53127,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,1,,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,,1299,"0A",1294,,,95,477,0,0,231,0,0,556,0,0,533,0,0,570,0,0,256,0,0,132,0,0,351,0,0,83,0,0,382,0,0,680,0,0,196,0,0,3753,6,50178,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,520,1,"BARTON (VILLAGE OF)","W CHARLESTN",0,"LIGHT OIL",1299,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,206,14,34,172,0,0,172,0,0,172,1,3,169,19,51,118,39,103,190,42,112,78,7,19,59,0,0,59,0,0,118,10,86,32,3753,6,50178,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,4,2,536,1,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","GAS TURB",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1628,248,707,868,0,4,2022,0,0,2015,19,66,1949,459,1365,1742,608,1830,1698,485,1472,1476,56,189,1287,0,0,1285,84,242,1001,165,472,1772,3754,6,50375,"FO2","GT" 13,50,5,2,"B",536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"WOD CHIPS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,7742,0,0,12138,0,0,4790,0,0,12108,0,0,15618,0,0,11949,0,0,14425,0,0,8887,0,0,5359,0,0,3746,0,0,10817,0,0,19589,0,0,589,6,50375,"WOD","ST" 13,50,5,2,2,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"LIGHT OIL",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,136,326,2416,132,350,1989,41,99,1826,0,216,1559,0,39,1448,0,22,1351,4,23,1264,0,81,1183,0,52,1021,0,40,945,19,99,3170,24,98,2994,589,6,50375,"FO2","ST" 13,50,5,2,9,536,10,"BURLINGTON (CITY OF)","J C MC NEIL",0,"NAT GAS",2548,"0M",1294,,,95,1750,24386,0,816,12632,0,1337,18689,0,0,2252,0,0,3244,0,0,3721,0,177,4800,0,0,2471,0,0,2396,0,0,2708,0,449,13380,0,2064,47618,0,589,6,50375,"NG","ST" 13,50,5,1,,551,5,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","KENDALL",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,52,0,0,126,0,0,145,0,0,160,0,0,164,0,0,130,0,0,102,0,0,121,0,0,68,0,0,109,0,0,147,0,0,64,0,0,3757,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,551,10,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","DIESEL PLT",0,"LIGHT OIL",5915,"0A",1294,,,95,1,5,320,14,24,296,0,1,296,1,3,293,4,13,280,16,34,246,20,37,351,23,44,307,2,6,301,0,0,301,0,0,0,12,21,279,4247,6,50910,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,551,15,"ENOSBURG FALLS (VILLAGE)","VILLAGE PLT",0,,5915,"0A",1294,,,95,370,0,0,204,0,0,298,0,0,433,0,0,408,0,0,218,0,0,87,0,0,140,0,0,45,0,0,324,0,0,364,0,0,395,0,0,4246,6,50910,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,567,1,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","WOLCOTT",0,,8104,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,139,0,0,381,0,0,480,0,0,332,0,0,55,0,0,41,0,0,20,0,0,22,0,0,331,0,0,526,0,0,262,0,0,6477,6,51238,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,3,2,567,5,"HARDWICK (VILLAGE OF)","HARDWICK",0,"LIGHT OIL",8104,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,451,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6476,6,51238,"FO2","IC" 13,50,5,1,,644,5,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","GREAT FALLS",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,160,0,0,115,0,0,308,0,0,489,0,0,746,0,0,350,0,0,273,0,0,122,0,0,171,0,0,457,0,0,558,0,0,437,0,0,3762,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,644,10,"LYNDONVILLE (CITY OF)","VAIL",0,,11359,"0A",1294,,,95,100,0,0,71,0,0,99,0,0,123,0,0,225,0,0,93,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,107,0,0,3763,6,51721,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,5,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","CADYS FALLS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,396,0,0,268,0,0,387,0,0,226,0,0,403,0,0,133,0,0,101,0,0,2,0,0,71,0,0,356,0,0,337,0,0,160,0,0,3765,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,10,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","MORRISVILLE",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,250,0,0,312,0,0,619,0,0,801,0,0,581,0,0,131,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-2,0,0,227,0,0,3764,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,659,15,"MORRISVILLE (VILLAGE OF)","W K SANDERS",0,,12989,"0A",1294,,,95,-5,0,0,114,0,0,24,0,0,13,0,0,33,0,0,10,0,0,-1,0,0,38,0,0,-2,0,0,83,0,0,177,0,0,7,0,0,678,6,51943,"WAT","HY" 13,50,5,1,,737,5,"SWANTON (VILLAGE OF)","HIGHGATE FL",0,,18371,"0A",1294,,,95,3846,0,0,2084,0,0,5329,0,0,5012,0,0,4484,0,0,2556,0,0,711,0,0,1431,0,0,444,0,0,4486,0,0,6056,0,0,2920,0,0,6618,6,52864,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,800,5,"VERMONT ELECTRIC COOP","N HARTLAND",0,,19791,"0A",1294,,,95,1260,0,0,415,0,0,212,0,0,990,0,0,623,0,0,190,0,0,90,0,0,4,0,0,8,0,0,484,0,0,1466,0,0,734,0,0,590,6,53125,"WAT","HY" 13,50,8,1,,810,5,"WASHINGTON ELECTRIC COOP","WRIGHTSVILE",0,,20151,"0A",1294,,,95,270,0,0,88,0,0,334,0,0,327,0,0,246,0,0,50,0,0,54,0,0,128,0,0,47,0,0,3224,0,0,418,0,0,153,0,0,7051,6,58100,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,1,23,1,"BOSTON EDISON CO","PILGRIM",0,"NUCLEAR",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,494219,0,0,433548,0,0,370903,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,313826,0,0,476983,0,0,486906,0,0,466384,0,0,470820,0,0,479805,0,0,492451,0,0,1590,6,50300,"UR","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,15,"BOSTON EDISON CO","EDGAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,43,139,1048,160,393,893,25,79,1053,64,124,929,28,74,855,110,379,953,323,950,955,245,760,910,38,108,1040,37,107,933,56,139,1032,134,337,934,1585,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,17,"BOSTON EDISON CO","FRAMINGHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,141,378,1770,276,681,1804,67,203,1601,44,165,1674,70,215,1698,449,1329,1559,788,2383,1819,766,2306,1658,95,258,1630,53,142,1734,74,277,1695,278,761,1649,1586,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,23,20,"BOSTON EDISON CO","L STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,18,71,606,223,524,481,31,74,586,101,254,571,64,181,628,302,790,611,232,657,597,450,1241,537,70,195,581,33,121,579,41,95,603,202,478,601,1587,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,251,519,1723,2082,3518,560,0,0,2480,874,1565,1748,1508,2858,1987,1285,2470,2852,2284,4277,1789,1325,2537,1992,119,230,1762,111,219,2019,220,439,1580,238,420,1327,1588,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,112692,212897,634701,250006,389639,396000,28170,35809,578539,46219,75659,622498,47350,81843,540595,74633,131731,529651,114158,195470,453259,65504,114254,339850,9543,16899,623019,18574,33314,589243,137777,234264,549412,333744,539006,466193,1588,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,54301,611365,0,41760,387451,0,199825,2260608,0,223483,2242300,0,121095,1295784,0,76698,835115,0,229079,2424349,0,221936,2420968,0,166749,1844575,0,138588,1545200,0,1185,12271,0,4690,47014,0,1588,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,25,"BOSTON EDISON CO","MYSTIC",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,27,56,491,103,175,435,20,57,497,61,110,506,37,71,435,192,369,532,279,524,365,264,506,455,27,53,523,26,52,471,36,92,498,52,92,444,1588,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,0,0,60,1589,6,50300,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,215120,320592,70394,155709,225131,71506,167349,258313,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38374,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38403,0,0,38808,0,0,73197,633,1026,94600,1589,6,50300,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,23,30,"BOSTON EDISON CO","NEW BOSTON",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,151,1334,0,2301,23751,0,201560,2042478,0,231080,2303282,0,366745,3613841,0,376840,3697457,0,381210,3746576,0,337660,3311625,0,328300,3254233,0,343010,3322669,0,159417,1573389,0,1589,6,50300,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,532,1305,6724,2615,5858,6588,305,882,6659,441,1064,6548,648,1783,6907,1922,5806,5619,2304,7193,6789,2376,1139,6841,43,153,6688,33,101,6587,199,636,6665,2492,6199,6929,1592,6,50300,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,9,23,40,"BOSTON EDISON CO","WEST MEDWAY",0,"NAT GAS",1998,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,963,16262,0,363,42170,0,305,906,0,134,2149,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1592,6,50300,"NG","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,12,9,1622,622,891,254,0,0,0,12,11,3277,4,9,3067,8,31,3303,19,66,3122,71,286,2313,8,25,2707,0,0,2900,388,267,2375,216,151,3016,1594,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,5,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","BLACKSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,643,3052,0,809,7234,0,0,0,0,329,1924,0,176,2782,0,306,7064,0,840,18553,0,641,16359,0,98,2009,0,0,0,0,26,113,0,3,12,0,1594,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,1966,3331,44639,4440,7426,46357,571,1025,43350,551,1184,40895,279,518,39729,76,146,39422,226,384,45928,178,367,45253,473,969,43288,91,206,42859,6937,10643,43043,10035,14044,33074,1595,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"NAT GAS",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,8305,87563,0,5498,57215,0,7487,85115,0,6963,94695,0,6096,81153,0,7445,90078,0,8638,93009,0,7941,103714,0,6154,79756,0,5898,84299,0,580,5629,0,447,3954,0,1595,6,50412,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,25,10,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","KENDALL SQ",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1889,173,442,1930,0,0,1930,10,26,1904,381,951,1671,340,886,1969,587,1240,1863,822,2088,2078,160,754,1323,0,0,1561,0,0,1561,183,453,1925,1595,6,50412,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,3,25,15,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","CANAL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,162391,279085,64428,147412,254620,37606,178077,310890,35916,210807,342420,34150,172965,296386,68134,149960,274442,64297,204907,357210,66759,386648,623547,65078,202416,316252,66152,59087,109907,66707,307766,492512,64272,421791,645524,63446,1599,6,50412,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,25,25,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","OAK BLUFFS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,1131,70,125,1006,0,0,1006,3,6,1000,58,98,1011,55,97,1035,183,321,1005,196,350,1036,1,4,1032,0,0,1159,6,15,1144,63,118,1026,1597,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,30,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","W TISBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,0,0,2023,42,87,1936,0,0,1936,2,4,1932,38,68,1918,40,70,1848,243,439,1711,204,373,1827,0,0,1827,0,0,2044,5,18,2026,47,98,1928,6049,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,25,35,"COMMONWEALTH ENERGY SYS","AIRPORT DIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4120,"0M",1294,,80,95,2,4,65,20,32,57,6,9,48,14,26,23,3,17,6,0,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7184,6,50412,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,4,2,46,1,"FITCHBURG GAS & ELEC LGT","FITCHBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",6374,"0M",1294,,,95,113,320,1233,544,1372,812,0,0,1289,68,210,1079,120,416,1139,539,1444,1109,663,1798,2154,708,1974,1126,70,191,2125,49,166,1960,0,0,1960,461,1173,2216,1601,6,50990,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,1,,59,5,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BB HOLBROOK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,215,0,0,12,0,0,439,0,0,48,0,0,0,0,0,-4,0,0,-2,0,0,111,0,0,7,0,0,88,0,0,177,0,0,95,0,0,1602,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,7,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","CHEMICAL",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,390,0,0,65,0,0,264,0,0,560,0,0,1378,0,0,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,33,0,0,-2,0,0,199,0,0,228,0,0,152,0,0,1604,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,10,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","HADLEY FLLS",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,19318,0,0,16252,0,0,20835,0,0,17997,0,0,1047,0,0,10005,0,0,4815,0,0,8945,0,0,1536,0,0,13795,0,0,19251,0,0,19209,0,0,1605,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,15,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","RIVERSIDE",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,2283,0,0,798,0,0,2407,0,0,2806,0,0,1058,0,0,-32,0,0,-28,0,0,236,0,0,-31,0,0,991,0,0,1475,0,0,1658,0,0,1607,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,20,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","BOATLOCK",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1401,0,0,440,0,0,1465,0,0,1749,0,0,-1985,0,0,-45,0,0,34,0,0,364,0,0,188,0,0,1015,0,0,1030,0,0,1719,0,0,1603,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,59,21,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","SKINNER",0,,8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,1087,0,0,-990,0,0,135,0,0,122,0,0,0,0,0,-3,0,0,-3,0,0,10,0,0,-5,0,0,48,0,0,88,0,0,144,0,0,1608,6,51327,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,2,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"LIGHT OIL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,253,312,334,85,74,223,86,144,363,96,161,0,210,338,471,128,216,400,63,106,0,319,575,0,148,244,0,283,596,339,311,528,442,268,461,289,1606,6,51327,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,59,23,"HOLYOKE WTR PWR CO","MT TOM",0,"BIT COAL",8779,"0M",1294,,554,95,83436,31625,65901,94304,36568,48767,100316,38568,48417,92219,34981,57613,86828,32256,68520,89522,33641,55040,96838,37232,50903,67013,26869,64337,58083,21428,72102,20300,9635,85211,75120,28714,96373,83498,33548,87268,1606,6,51327,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"HEAVY OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,5362,8778,70647,3605,6271,64376,3682,6389,57987,572,894,57093,4068,7388,49705,3861,6474,101371,1808,3090,98281,1729,8455,89825,4071,6826,83000,7484,12748,70251,8762,14647,55605,1259,3587,97942,1613,6,56511,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"BIT COAL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,57318,21462,76767,61443,26125,64290,61730,25219,52529,14739,5125,47404,25607,10149,50811,58410,21998,42203,65563,26654,42553,52228,21241,48670,53057,20314,65856,44642,17190,76089,48433,18499,83931,70559,26084,98563,1613,6,56511,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,85,1,"MONTAUP ELECTRIC COMPANY","SOMERSET",0,"LIGHT OIL",12833,"0M",1294,,,95,143,374,5116,433,1118,3998,115,229,3769,65,186,3583,285,740,4510,629,1593,4110,1349,3410,5229,1777,4429,5348,136,348,5000,0,0,4999,5,26,5687,653,1369,4318,1613,6,56511,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,3,2,90,15,"NANTUCKET ELEC CO","NANTUCKET",0,"LIGHT OIL",13206,"0M",1294,,,95,7539,12658,2602,7625,13184,8503,7218,12056,5494,6969,12757,2261,7465,13354,7937,7820,14759,9687,10453,19444,7486,10644,19689,5848,7894,13523,10626,6823,12246,7898,7832,14492,3042,9557,16800,2912,1615,6,51977,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 2",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3908,0,0,2952,0,0,3971,0,0,2045,0,0,1064,0,0,520,0,0,442,0,0,617,0,0,404,0,0,2016,0,0,3583,0,0,2747,0,0,6047,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,10,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 3",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4040,0,0,3243,0,0,4233,0,0,2293,0,0,1182,0,0,848,0,0,445,0,0,722,0,0,460,0,0,1885,0,0,3570,0,0,3116,0,0,6083,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,15,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 4",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,3691,0,0,2835,0,0,3555,0,0,1674,0,0,865,0,0,673,0,0,414,0,0,621,0,0,420,0,0,1920,0,0,3135,0,0,2638,0,0,6119,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,20,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","DEERFIELD 5",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,8684,0,0,6946,0,0,8699,0,0,2314,0,0,807,0,0,564,0,0,515,0,0,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3382,0,0,5810,0,0,1620,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,25,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SHERMAN",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4117,0,0,3467,0,0,4264,0,0,1151,0,0,407,0,0,439,0,0,377,0,0,602,0,0,527,0,0,2183,0,0,3889,0,0,2917,0,0,6012,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,2,3,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,40093,74054,435541,65951,116563,318656,49098,75749,438283,41100,69916,368366,2212,5326,519600,0,0,519442,0,0,519401,488,4266,515767,0,0,516617,0,0,516584,7553,10954,505630,71672,125949,379784,1619,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,657136,245754,255528,538158,200282,277893,335153,130042,379361,336389,128159,523785,552184,203304,520224,709319,259373,461575,714608,267126,390587,681408,256270,431828,600517,222478,518312,676108,250140,322224,643066,226804,159986,692743,256541,166201,1619,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,2475,65992,0,19895,234494,0,87264,1046891,0,115149,1305242,0,165738,1925331,0,192541,2159965,0,121121,1465806,0,138514,1578722,0,90677,1067560,0,7950,208839,0,642,50267,0,499,65467,0,1619,6,52007,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,27,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BRAYTON PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,48,91,0,168,321,0,49,91,0,66,120,0,149,212,0,229,427,0,434,803,0,429,813,0,49,97,0,17,33,0,0,0,0,122,221,0,1619,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,2,3,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4216,6811,427550,19621,51462,372000,43825,80929,296042,52176,100975,196885,88546,157427,294207,74155,134469,405510,143472,245061,157683,78033,135040,315193,15952,29894,481681,10242,22800,451257,31856,63264,446411,130138,177251,300301,1626,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,6,96,33,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","SALEM HABR",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,170230,67910,116594,174526,68827,87604,182421,75469,107334,180983,73494,87888,123760,53441,145441,149482,64633,132065,157915,67184,148469,169338,69504,116124,140768,59871,93091,133365,56779,72780,147538,65216,99054,158287,70574,72828,1626,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 14,25,1,3,2,96,40,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","GLOUCESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,180,400,1027,365,1056,1255,495,500,1183,191,320,863,798,1430,1148,331,615,1333,398,757,1219,767,1957,1197,100,165,1033,0,0,1031,2,3,1465,491,918,1190,1624,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,3,2,96,50,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","NEWBURYPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,23,31,898,242,431,942,1,0,943,124,222,720,79,135,986,279,516,828,384,714,746,466,834,770,24,47,723,5,10,715,0,0,929,200,360,998,1625,6,52007,"FO2","IC" 14,25,1,1,,96,55,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","FIFE BROOK",0,,13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,4107,0,0,3775,0,0,4880,0,0,1321,0,0,312,0,0,338,0,0,198,0,0,494,0,0,291,0,0,2274,0,0,4150,0,0,3161,0,0,8004,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,96,60,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","BEAR SWAMP",0,"P-PUMPSTG",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,-17861,61325,0,-15324,57381,0,-16082,58258,0,-15241,53916,0,-14630,56226,0,-16812,61971,0,-18159,63682,0,-15902,62948,0,-16995,61404,0,-17477,62001,0,-15650,58713,0,-16215,58454,0,8005,6,52007,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,5,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","CABOT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,27350,0,0,20962,0,0,33562,0,0,28813,0,0,2450,0,0,11373,0,0,5730,0,0,10888,0,0,1060,0,0,21360,0,0,32264,0,0,23532,0,0,1629,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,10,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","COBBLE MT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2687,0,0,2401,0,0,3134,0,0,1490,0,0,613,0,0,1371,0,0,1579,0,0,2606,0,0,404,0,0,934,0,0,679,0,0,2257,0,0,1630,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,12,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DWIGHT",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,541,0,0,520,0,0,744,0,0,709,0,0,972,0,0,422,0,0,241,0,0,219,0,0,137,0,0,316,0,0,187,0,0,450,0,0,6378,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,20,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","GARDER FLS",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1535,0,0,1501,0,0,2140,0,0,1273,0,0,591,0,0,393,0,0,159,0,0,373,0,0,244,0,0,740,0,0,1394,0,0,1292,0,0,1634,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,30,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","IND ORCHARD",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1913,0,0,854,0,0,1614,0,0,786,0,0,661,0,0,177,0,0,8,0,0,59,0,0,4,0,0,434,0,0,1375,0,0,741,0,0,6379,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,32,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","PUTTS BRDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,224,0,0,252,0,0,1368,0,0,249,0,0,550,0,0,741,0,0,249,0,0,393,0,0,186,0,0,1233,0,0,1150,0,0,251,0,0,1637,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,33,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","RED BRIDGE",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2265,0,0,1259,0,0,1699,0,0,1592,0,0,1025,0,0,689,0,0,212,0,0,256,0,0,150,0,0,1248,0,0,7724,0,0,1271,0,0,1638,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,35,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","TURNERS FL",0,,20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,1180,0,0,-9,0,0,2580,0,0,457,0,0,2357,0,0,3,0,0,320,0,0,753,0,0,1529,0,0,1437,0,0,3487,0,0,96,0,0,6388,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,1,,145,37,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","NORTHFLD MT",0,"P-PUMPSTG",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,-40582,142177,0,-33131,122422,0,-34507,127754,0,-38191,123876,0,-53574,130653,0,-54650,139615,0,-65287,149806,0,-58299,150495,0,-60095,144418,0,-65178,152081,0,-51403,135668,0,-54958,140849,0,547,6,53266,"WAT","HY" 14,25,1,4,2,145,38,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","DOREEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,50,156,956,319,789,738,14,84,997,11,135,1029,31,63,967,166,460,863,117,360,1099,422,1231,1099,69,204,1073,-10,0,1073,34,122,951,162,418,771,1631,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,2,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,0,0,533,101,224,458,0,0,458,19,36,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,411,0,0,379,1642,6,53266,"FO2","ST" 14,25,1,2,3,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"HEAVY OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,3033,6175,75421,4119,8425,75374,344,607,80604,1867,3252,77352,19,33,77318,750,1321,75997,1456,2596,73401,758,1343,72058,0,0,72058,0,0,72923,2320,5181,76520,13739,24402,55074,1642,6,53266,"FO6","ST" 14,25,1,2,9,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"NAT GAS",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,2167,27681,0,81,1046,0,24872,278755,0,28674,316564,0,33801,372726,0,33691,376470,0,34950,395433,0,39329,440670,0,21443,242289,0,3420,45099,0,110,1547,0,158,1773,0,1642,6,53266,"NG","ST" 14,25,1,4,2,145,55,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","W SPRINGFLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,45,159,682,84,220,801,-17,0,801,-12,0,801,-3,12,789,108,297,6777,282,717,1096,319,633,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,1642,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,1,4,2,145,60,"W MASSACHUSETTS ELEC CO","WOODLAND RD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20455,"0M",1294,,555,95,38,127,1027,218,623,814,3,20,1144,11,96,1048,22,56,992,219,604,924,341,963,1130,373,1030,1017,32,105,1090,-7,0,1090,5,59,1032,156,398,534,1643,6,53266,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,1,3,0,40,86,0,2,4,0,8,15,0,18,33,0,0,0,0,66,37,0,90,173,0,8,15,0,16,29,0,0,0,0,47,86,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,5,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"WASTE HT",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,597,1163,3860,1950,3916,4922,529,946,3897,722,1243,2632,0,0,2595,0,0,2595,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,418,803,0,0,0,0,563,1271,0,1660,6,50315,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,532,5,"BRAINTREE (CITY OF)","POTTER",0,"NAT GAS",2144,"0M",1294,,,95,6985,76876,0,16116,164048,0,4161,42418,0,25648,268544,0,6647,61554,0,0,0,0,6439,68107,0,22225,231091,0,11633,125960,0,2826,30097,0,605,6473,0,2795,30378,0,1660,6,50315,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,1,,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,,8776,"0M",1294,,,95,1039,0,0,94,0,0,1200,0,0,538,0,0,244,0,0,216,0,0,169,0,0,308,0,0,243,0,0,308,0,0,843,0,0,63,0,0,9864,6,51325,"WAT","HY" 14,25,5,2,3,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"HEAVY OIL",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-34,8,21223,-7,161,18597,-32,0,17335,-149,242,9944,-157,0,11105,-26,144,12014,197,918,10400,173,751,10383,0,0,21744,-26,2,23445,-45,21,21407,48,571,24539,9864,6,51325,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,2,9,597,5,"HOLYOKE (CITY OF)","HOLYOKE",0,"NAT GAS",8776,"0M",1294,,,95,-406,548,0,-47,7095,0,-432,0,0,-151,1508,0,-180,0,0,-82,2775,0,358,10343,0,495,13260,0,-282,0,0,-300,136,0,-310,907,0,116,8617,0,9864,6,51325,"NG","ST" 14,25,5,3,2,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,126,216,6535,468,801,5733,24,47,5687,49,79,5608,60,99,5509,136,242,5267,334,576,4687,237,442,10028,21,36,9992,0,0,9992,0,0,9992,0,613,9379,9038,6,51362,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,602,1,"HUDSON (CITY OF)","CHERRY ST",0,"NAT GAS",8973,"0A",1294,,,95,16,177,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,276,0,223,2327,0,514,5353,0,813,8555,0,1067,10973,0,248,2679,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9038,6,51362,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"LIGHT OIL",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,3,144,1524,185,504,1020,-44,84,928,26,97,839,45,81,751,112,229,1817,221,430,1388,171,335,1053,42,71,981,0,0,1991,0,13,1901,70,285,1616,1670,6,51411,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,9,613,1,"IPSWICH (CITY OF)","IPSWICH",0,"NAT GAS",9442,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-7,91,0,26,564,0,193,2049,0,356,4180,0,540,6225,0,488,5467,0,218,2149,0,0,0,0,0,164,0,0,0,0,1670,6,51411,"NG","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,20,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","COMM ST 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,134,30,54,153,0,0,124,1,4,109,8,23,86,22,43,163,30,67,96,40,77,139,3,3,134,0,0,129,0,0,107,16,31,153,6585,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,3,2,630,25,"MARBLEHEAD (CITY OF)","WILKINS STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",11624,"0A",1294,,,95,24,42,422,242,404,495,3,4,490,17,25,466,41,67,398,140,249,387,184,331,532,214,384,390,17,34,833,0,0,831,0,0,833,105,187,646,6586,6,51769,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,4,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,868,1812,0,3250,6760,0,1070,2159,0,1016,2152,0,1531,3641,0,3583,7206,0,6923,15010,0,5440,12228,0,1296,2825,0,251,525,0,0,0,0,2081,4355,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,5,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,4867,0,0,4882,0,0,1895,0,0,0,0,0,1645,0,0,1298,0,0,2909,0,0,2231,0,0,542,0,0,137,0,0,778,0,0,7866,0,0,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"WASTE HT",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,667,6409,0,33,225,0,713,7903,0,38860,226425,0,32080,282829,0,30410,271547,0,30355,268417,0,22281,199679,0,16911,152536,0,13731,126250,0,649,6336,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,16765,34499,275954,17076,35625,171066,1732,3145,164811,15194,31318,130811,4458,10049,117055,3259,6474,203614,7129,14689,223923,5719,12097,199458,1427,2966,193410,406,852,191674,2974,6318,192851,24527,50346,140778,6081,6,56516,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,640,5,"MASS MUN WHOLESALE ELEC","STONY BROOK",0,"NAT GAS",11806,"0M",1294,,,95,2298,22081,0,33,225,0,7123,78947,0,38860,226425,0,85133,750563,0,75927,677993,0,74156,655728,0,57044,511219,0,44278,399380,0,38588,354794,0,2475,24166,0,0,0,0,6081,6,56516,"NG","CT" 14,25,5,4,2,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,4,11,7009,461,990,6019,3,13,6006,114,218,5789,218,411,5378,259,572,4806,1447,3081,5724,79,204,5787,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,0,0,5770,751,1304,4214,1678,6,52270,"FO2","GT" 14,25,5,4,9,668,10,"PEABODY (CITY OF)","WATERS RIVR",0,"NAT GAS",14605,"0M",1294,,,95,71,948,0,818,8676,0,0,0,0,298,3898,0,500,6079,0,1161,14052,0,735,10563,0,2810,34245,0,871,10971,0,16,244,0,0,0,0,136,1612,0,1678,6,52270,"NG","GT" 14,25,5,3,2,695,1,"SHREWSBURY (CITY OF)","SHREWSBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17127,"0A",1294,,,95,-48,53,1717,-20,96,1621,-72,0,1621,-59,0,1621,-27,43,1577,28,133,1444,206,450,994,393,793,1630,-12,58,1571,-52,4,1568,-66,0,1568,5,146,1421,6125,6,52653,"FO2","IC" 14,25,5,2,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,707,1487,45484,117,274,41056,124,1171,40232,227,881,38944,154,338,18232,1782,3821,13122,1997,4404,13146,1671,3714,26632,1017,1981,30701,285,1042,41468,209,665,43572,1269,2308,3691,1682,6,52885,"FO6","ST" 14,25,5,5,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,2588,4259,0,3074,4987,0,7,71,0,264,1016,0,10569,21610,0,5376,8750,0,7132,10296,0,7761,11325,0,6430,8473,0,269,1218,0,135,435,0,7563,7563,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CC" 14,25,5,5,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,88,2162,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,70,898,0,11828,118101,0,7953,72245,0,11517,102477,0,3409,38796,0,275,3743,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CC" 14,25,5,6,2,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,600,1721,500,1175,3321,414,0,10,405,0,0,405,23,155,250,230,719,0,424,1426,393,75,247,983,20,69,920,0,0,922,172,601,798,1596,4611,881,1682,6,52885,"FO2","CT" 14,25,5,6,3,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"FO6","CT" 14,25,5,6,9,711,10,"TAUNTON (CITY OF)","CLRY FLOOD",0,"NAT GAS",18488,"0M",1294,,,95,215,3547,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,9,220,0,91,2523,0,3269,55134,0,3573,59309,0,4974,79500,0,4776,58796,0,188,2751,0,2,41,0,0,0,0,1682,6,52885,"NG","CT" 15,44,1,3,2,59,1,"BLOCK ISLAND POWER CO","BLOCK ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",1857,"0A",1294,,,95,640,929,1894,560,757,1368,454,801,1953,666,926,2412,871,1183,2384,728,1492,1815,1748,2173,1258,1686,2317,1251,852,1532,1104,890,1214,1044,683,904,1044,537,1042,1378,6567,6,50270,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,2,3,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"HEAVY OIL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6954,6984,12805,21121,8031,15471,21089,11950,17787,9381,10642,17134,20900,3236,6,52007,"FO6","ST" 15,44,1,2,6,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"BIT COAL",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3236,6,52007,"BIT","ST" 15,44,1,2,9,60,5,"NEW ENGLAND POWER CO","MANCHSTR ST",0,"NAT GAS",13433,"0M",1294,,90,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,185,6790,0,5496,108488,0,22180,283931,0,57696,544903,0,43911,426261,0,200212,1571059,0,273062,2060878,0,3236,6,52007,"NG","ST" 15,44,1,3,2,71,5,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","ELDRED",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,912,146,241,919,0,0,916,14,24,893,280,476,872,38,285,806,254,445,603,431,759,765,53,97,884,0,0,884,30,55,818,186,311,942,3240,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,1,3,2,71,15,"NEWPORT ELECTRIC CORP","JEPSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",13549,"0A",1294,,,95,10,19,1047,104,179,864,0,0,1112,13,24,1094,58,103,998,35,303,926,228,421,966,339,620,1037,31,56,977,0,0,977,0,0,977,162,273,920,3241,6,52046,"FO2","IC" 15,44,5,1,,600,1,"PROVIDENCE (CITY OF)","PROVIDENCE",0,,15440,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3245,6,52404,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,21,1,"GILMAN BROTHERS CO","GILMAN",0,,6885,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,536,6,50309,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,5,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BULLS BRDGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4542,0,0,3859,0,0,4535,0,0,4526,0,0,711,0,0,1545,0,0,596,0,0,576,0,0,83,0,0,3291,0,0,5258,0,0,4512,0,0,541,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,15,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROBERTSVLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,228,0,0,144,0,0,74,0,0,117,0,0,0,0,0,23,0,0,4,0,0,14,0,0,1,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,7,0,0,549,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,20,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","ROCKY RIVER",0,"C-PUMPSTG",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-532,573,0,-108,831,0,-5011,4942,0,-3890,3881,0,-2483,2464,0,-30,0,0,-50,160,0,-45,941,0,-34,0,0,-295,262,0,3242,0,0,3543,0,0,539,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,25,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SCOTLAND DM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1196,0,0,762,0,0,1285,0,0,753,0,0,65,0,0,169,0,0,32,0,0,83,0,0,9,0,0,401,0,0,43,0,0,524,0,0,551,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,28,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","SHEPAUG",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19987,0,0,8510,0,0,16746,0,0,8668,0,0,479,0,0,3113,0,0,1323,0,0,1665,0,0,561,0,0,4280,0,0,17593,0,0,9586,0,0,552,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,30,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","STEVENSON",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,14594,0,0,6873,0,0,12878,0,0,7022,0,0,5946,0,0,2333,0,0,1155,0,0,1565,0,0,585,0,0,7574,0,0,15018,0,0,7269,0,0,553,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,33,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TAFTVILLE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1047,0,0,773,0,0,1181,0,0,662,0,0,0,0,0,286,0,0,106,0,0,168,0,0,58,0,0,376,0,0,802,0,0,539,0,0,554,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1344,0,0,790,0,0,1127,0,0,808,0,0,808,0,0,130,0,0,51,0,0,62,0,0,13,0,0,528,0,0,1238,0,0,756,0,0,557,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,35,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TUNNEL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,92,241,1121,148,413,1052,-10,0,1052,8,34,1017,-9,0,1017,174,492,1054,399,1075,1028,391,1123,1060,-10,0,1060,-9,0,1060,-8,0,1060,247,642,1013,557,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,37,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","COS COB",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,338,879,6366,1004,2550,5530,-6,0,6730,61,328,6402,100,252,6836,1043,2766,6164,1606,4183,6744,1574,4512,6417,89,372,6045,10,115,5931,-7,47,5884,478,1250,6205,542,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,4,7,607,26,48,738,10,19,719,8,14,705,6,12,693,5,10,683,12,21,662,5,10,652,35,67,586,12,21,564,10,19,545,126,250,652,544,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1691,2896,140820,5317,8938,131882,6310,10503,160145,2309,3909,156236,1040,1748,154488,1026,1746,152742,366,624,152118,0,0,152118,0,0,152118,1119,1895,186866,0,0,223227,52715,95704,164704,544,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,139882,1480772,0,125833,1333372,0,140034,1484076,0,74718,805341,0,129292,1364215,0,113222,1209824,0,134347,1440396,0,141005,1520883,0,84240,919763,0,92690,988325,0,85651,910220,0,1027,11734,0,544,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,40,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","DEVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-8,0,826,52,143,1016,-6,0,1016,11,41,975,15,50,924,93,252,873,213,464,899,323,840,1155,12,42,1113,14,46,864,-8,0,864,126,312,755,544,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,79,187,224,71,184,282,0,0,277,35,81,316,26,52,254,126,275,254,225,460,205,169,342,281,13,78,193,-9,27,344,11,35,57,248,530,404,546,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,19404,42123,179930,11903,28403,229734,496,984,267130,8852,18669,287361,73,131,287230,16090,31789,255441,33046,60820,194621,29759,54794,250449,448,2452,286041,-459,1261,284780,4782,14127,272628,50192,96782,219079,546,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,2644,35575,0,1337,19886,0,14239,177907,0,15760,209674,0,26332,300080,0,15321,191070,0,33080,384304,0,29657,341116,0,660,22744,0,-410,7132,0,948,17617,0,2622,31910,0,546,6,50651,"NG","ST" 16,9,1,3,2,37,45,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MONTVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,5,11,429,51,91,429,3,5,429,21,47,429,5,10,429,32,60,429,47,88,429,44,82,429,5,10,429,0,0,429,7,15,429,14,27,429,546,6,50651,"FO2","IC" 16,9,1,2,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,1942,3751,1166,1049,1831,1166,1411,2570,1166,801,1409,746,830,1566,1275,1306,2393,1275,1212,2164,1208,1005,1793,1129,448,996,1090,743,1549,1201,1863,3623,816,1573,2830,1073,548,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,61485,109340,281515,116317,186438,251428,53269,89422,277523,112195,177490,244461,49615,86635,387526,72024,117143,423659,87276,142042,395624,69104,110519,365065,12764,26032,444868,12966,24423,458286,56112,97835,437824,98414,160154,343905,548,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,46,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","NORWALK HAR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,"R",550,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,-12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,548,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,1,,37,60,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BANTAM",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,166,0,0,122,0,0,177,0,0,99,0,0,0,0,0,24,0,0,2,0,0,9,0,0,0,0,0,66,0,0,182,0,0,126,0,0,6457,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,1,,37,65,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FLS VILLAGE",0,,4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,6485,0,0,3067,0,0,6148,0,0,4269,0,0,57,0,0,1043,0,0,359,0,0,386,0,0,86,0,0,3283,0,0,6134,0,0,3241,0,0,560,6,50651,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,4,2,37,70,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","FRANKLIN DR",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,87,251,1073,112,303,770,-21,0,770,6,41,429,9,45,1229,156,508,1033,386,937,931,385,1480,880,-11,0,808,-12,0,808,-14,0,0,109,306,1000,561,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,52,116,72,106,200,205,37,72,134,69,119,181,93,171,177,62,115,62,142,274,121,143,283,195,159,331,184,25,61,123,89,174,116,58,124,159,562,6,50651,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,28156,57773,619646,82338,144562,470965,28954,52136,494722,112799,180932,367774,91771,154447,321716,103385,178821,285273,180564,315539,192342,120265,219668,308678,14240,27382,395204,9172,20697,432521,29631,53865,465010,116423,197687,379501,562,6,50651,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,75,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","MIDDLETOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,0,0,986,60,155,998,2,12,986,0,0,986,18,56,1096,133,235,803,220,518,962,326,864,969,6,21,948,0,0,946,0,0,936,0,0,936,562,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,"C",37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"REFUSE",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,36668,0,0,31584,0,0,30750,0,0,36558,0,0,4988,0,0,38064,0,0,35273,0,0,35840,0,0,37803,0,0,39379,0,0,36583,0,0,40236,0,0,563,6,50651,"GEO","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,37,80,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","S MEADOW",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,547,1286,33605,2263,5797,27807,-4,195,27613,257,794,4952,465,1373,43574,2527,6621,35953,4081,8784,28189,3486,11650,34410,234,1143,29931,-49,0,29931,56,271,29660,2479,6072,23588,563,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,85,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","TORRINGTN T",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,80,183,802,-19,0,802,9,49,753,4,24,729,-6,0,1062,163,373,867,4081,6864,28189,583,1059,947,4,16,931,-7,0,931,-8,0,931,173,446,1006,565,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,4,2,37,90,"CONNECTICUT LGT & PWR CO","BRANFORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4176,"0M",1294,,550,95,-23,0,993,-11,0,993,-12,0,983,-9,0,993,-12,0,993,-15,0,963,303,888,1170,580,1248,981,112,115,1073,-7,12,1061,12,62,999,103,312,1042,540,6,50651,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,1,45,1,"CONN YANKEE ATOMIC PWR CO","HADDAM NECK",0,"NUCLEAR",4187,"0M",1294,,551,95,349804,0,0,-2724,0,0,-2714,0,0,80321,0,0,411060,0,0,385019,0,0,346822,0,0,397229,0,0,404771,0,0,427136,0,0,421633,0,0,435253,0,0,558,6,50652,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,1,,70,1,"FARMINGTON RIVER POWER CO","RAINBOW",0,,6207,"0A",1294,,,95,4465,0,0,2602,0,0,3654,0,0,2574,0,0,1712,0,0,1108,0,0,787,0,0,842,0,0,700,0,0,2530,0,0,4222,0,0,2756,0,0,559,6,50970,"WAT","HY" 16,9,1,2,1,85,1,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,474794,0,0,424364,0,0,479164,0,0,452923,0,0,470915,0,0,397551,0,0,307242,0,0,369216,0,0,459416,0,0,478184,0,0,46176,0,0,-2630,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,2,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,-2968,0,0,-3117,0,0,-2841,0,0,12840,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-8427,0,0,340333,0,0,625348,0,0,645987,0,0,618792,0,0,511064,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,1,85,3,"NORTHEAST NUCL ENERGY CO","MILLSTONE",0,"NUCLEAR",21687,"0M",1294,,553,95,853882,0,0,758672,0,0,851613,0,0,328284,0,0,0,0,0,594786,0,0,853005,0,0,844847,0,0,822134,0,0,852985,0,0,817800,0,0,422956,0,0,566,6,50005,"UR","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,289,498,533,83,144,555,103,183,538,278,575,297,94,164,466,159,276,523,127,224,632,239,436,363,60,105,591,207,368,557,52,92,465,58,101,530,568,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,12678,20036,157706,31465,49414,142873,1716,2749,140124,28015,51807,143380,11615,18496,124884,34707,55499,150609,43253,69685,122107,18699,30642,149294,6814,10677,163242,4908,7842,155400,4195,6665,148735,54634,86347,0,568,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,6,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"BIT COAL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,193441,73716,182983,223214,85285,166858,221070,86802,148636,4755,2176,201542,224862,86475,170775,217578,84500,168741,225684,88542,121774,166492,67303,123827,199715,77070,157924,143992,56780,199095,198867,77375,176894,249682,95223,163986,568,6,53003,"BIT","ST" 16,9,1,4,2,159,3,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","BRDGEPT HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,4,8,549,151,259,469,0,0,647,5,12,635,10,18,617,12,22,595,145,256,696,308,560,493,63,111,560,0,0,560,9,16,545,75,130,594,568,6,53003,"FO2","GT" 16,9,1,2,2,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,5,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","ENGLISH",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,569,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,2,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"LIGHT OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,876,1540,484,437,731,468,424,737,445,327,564,583,511,892,406,254,441,667,361,632,570,401,702,762,359,651,646,23,502,680,959,1741,546,779,1314,482,6156,6,53003,"FO2","ST" 16,9,1,2,3,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"HEAVY OIL",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,104071,166097,286634,171042,260046,151260,95848,151028,241794,147390,227183,379543,69013,110799,306351,74009,117219,286218,97251,153426,333078,88533,139665,374595,39346,64393,310202,163,3184,307018,72476,120773,186245,162959,252660,0,6156,6,53003,"FO6","ST" 16,9,1,2,9,159,12,"UNITED ILLUMINATING CO","N HAVEN HBR",0,"NAT GAS",19497,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,31250,307224,0,64504,630374,0,76077,749979,0,81590,800742,0,99404,985733,0,49501,489902,0,13044,134068,0,34,4180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6156,6,53003,"NG","ST" 16,9,5,1,,556,5,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","SECOND ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,0,0,174,0,0,101,0,0,67,0,0,17,0,0,180,0,0,272,0,0,324,0,0,580,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,10,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","OCCUM",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,516,0,0,356,0,0,529,0,0,370,0,0,225,0,0,257,0,0,63,0,0,95,0,0,42,0,0,215,0,0,420,0,0,292,0,0,582,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,1,,556,13,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","TENTH ST",0,,13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,83,0,0,0,0,0,113,0,0,54,0,0,255,0,0,534,0,0,636,0,0,583,6,52123,"WAT","HY" 16,9,5,4,2,556,20,"NORWICH (CITY OF)","N MAIN ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",13831,"0A",1294,,,95,0,0,1935,53,168,1767,0,0,1767,0,0,1767,23,56,1711,62,161,1550,402,1007,1693,531,1325,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,117,296,2388,581,6,52123,"FO2","GT" 16,9,5,3,2,560,1,"SOUTH NORWALK (CITY OF)","SO NORWALK",0,"LIGHT OIL",17569,"0A",1294,,,95,50,90,1114,84,147,1614,27,49,1523,27,45,1455,71,123,1331,70,125,1235,242,444,819,209,351,1604,20,34,1570,2,4,1736,9,13,1671,98,158,1418,6598,6,52704,"FO2","IC" 16,9,5,2,3,567,1,"WALLINGFORD (CITY OF)","PIERCE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20038,"0A",1294,,,95,0,15,1540,368,1067,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,0,0,2318,146,445,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,0,0,1873,6635,6,53175,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,10,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DASHVILLE",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,2381,0,0,502,0,0,1130,0,0,814,0,0,844,0,0,273,0,0,156,0,0,52,0,0,6,0,0,1173,0,0,1735,0,0,901,0,0,2481,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,18,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","NEVERSINK",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,4408,0,0,4221,0,0,4645,0,0,2716,0,0,2618,0,0,2849,0,0,10968,0,0,9289,0,0,3298,0,0,2724,0,0,2482,0,0,4970,0,0,2483,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,35,20,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","STURGEON PL",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,9300,0,0,4140,0,0,8251,0,0,4665,0,0,3127,0,0,1123,0,0,872,0,0,359,0,0,111,0,0,5834,0,0,7954,0,0,3663,0,0,2486,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,10567,2887,4585,13091,0,0,13091,0,0,13091,377,619,12472,1176,2123,10349,198,406,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,0,0,9943,16,30,9913,0,0,9913,2480,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,180547,67912,176943,208851,77841,149786,144579,54893,173619,180437,67955,164986,58267,23110,161831,149627,57630,163884,131893,51114,152154,127793,49654,170960,144488,55872,134561,60315,24424,150152,137406,60589,138420,208309,77898,129136,2480,6,50484,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,12788,136338,0,5348,58875,0,52133,554622,0,1003,12881,0,26410,269381,0,9355,110458,0,50047,563362,0,64005,727957,0,42268,475832,0,72329,806049,0,21208,238996,0,526,5007,0,2480,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,35,25,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","DANSKAMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,38,70,119,10,15,278,29,38,240,10,9,231,5,9,222,30,55,167,29,60,281,48,81,200,48,99,274,48,83,191,38,76,289,9,16,273,2480,6,50484,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,35,35,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","SOUTH CAIRO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,74,178,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,0,0,2486,13,31,2455,198,577,1878,16,34,1844,70,197,1647,0,0,2719,0,0,2719,39,93,2626,18,49,2577,2485,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,0,0,2176,2487,6,50484,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,35,40,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","W COXSACKIE",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,90,1181,0,32,427,0,0,0,0,45,632,0,59,962,0,631,9351,0,109,1557,0,530,7243,0,0,0,0,52,789,0,180,2430,0,69,1043,0,2487,6,50484,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1744,3069,2289,782,1361,3014,1071,2036,2369,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,0,2542,0,17,2525,654,2512,1229,581,1004,2137,8006,6,50484,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"HEAVY OIL",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,49649,80148,781308,157108,249990,495225,13890,23984,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,478029,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,604069,0,0,589640,1356,4755,599314,189513,299562,451927,8006,6,50484,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,35,45,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","ROSETON JO",0,"NAT GAS",3249,"0M",1294,,,95,33526,336575,0,69660,692555,0,24026,260204,0,0,0,0,177930,1880760,0,186946,1950511,0,310122,3310810,0,247281,2627847,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2849,61824,0,7068,69278,0,8006,6,50484,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,1,,35,50,"CENTRAL HUDSON GAS & ELEC","HIGH FALLS",0,,3249,"0M",1294,,,95,1184,0,0,92,0,0,1122,0,0,69,0,0,143,0,0,23,0,0,26,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,340,0,0,1057,0,0,170,0,0,579,6,50484,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,37,5,"CENTRAL VT PUB SERV CORP","CARVERS FLS",0,,3292,"0A",1294,,350,95,921,0,0,597,0,0,1182,0,0,1121,0,0,691,0,0,250,0,0,18,0,0,58,0,0,0,0,0,391,0,0,1196,0,0,502,0,0,6456,6,50503,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,0,0,5711,7328,11940,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18519,0,0,18513,0,0,18513,2490,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-1408,17220,0,-1393,16473,0,-1276,5546,0,42517,495291,0,55216,582417,0,194234,1938196,0,301093,2957985,0,278373,2754690,0,147636,1480827,0,-1783,3561,0,-1398,5,0,-1433,5,0,2490,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,1,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ARTHUR KILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13,44,1913,67,194,1823,0,0,1823,36,79,1744,215,635,1882,298,918,2083,566,1739,2154,371,1201,1884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2490,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,40,2,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"NUCLEAR",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,562851,0,0,52711,0,0,-6970,0,0,-3790,0,0,-13730,0,0,241777,0,0,674078,0,0,678357,0,0,681364,0,0,661697,0,0,694091,0,0,636105,0,0,2497,6,50653,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,44284,69523,204071,87234,136417,162405,51168,80603,150832,37361,58624,135192,36339,59441,192317,36196,59149,130130,89762,143025,106180,87335,138221,98117,59995,93814,117887,54037,87216,125085,64568,101738,117638,289554,461968,161157,8906,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,270672,2666431,0,244705,2376465,0,354262,3528212,0,241575,2383868,0,275033,2732177,0,466083,4630924,0,417404,4132582,0,422777,4216725,0,331846,3235732,0,333120,3377003,0,267480,2653281,0,78615,787377,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1484,3523,70541,935,2176,68112,695,1314,66869,1270,3125,63744,1033,2385,61076,1517,3666,57410,5121,12698,44790,1655,4191,48468,794,1989,67296,758,1842,65454,651,1541,63965,4785,11328,52945,8906,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,3,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","ASTORIA",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1238,16825,0,4723,63317,0,9436,102713,0,19761,279920,0,13199,175023,0,14602,203072,0,50641,721027,0,30754,443611,0,22755,324431,0,10683,150198,0,29807,410036,0,1300,17862,0,8906,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,48411,100447,260377,52328,112594,251467,22577,46041,196293,14368,29471,111609,10915,20599,75923,9443,18148,129321,17347,33410,143239,17145,35799,154704,57,119,208820,391,883,155405,24581,53489,125358,26299,56899,135819,2493,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,5,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","EAST RIVER",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,22936,297706,0,16423,222129,0,33740,432005,0,32894,424765,0,83114,976015,0,52018,626673,0,74759,901280,0,43540,571392,0,62070,814818,0,38780,549257,0,26334,362630,0,4079,55677,0,2493,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,134,711,28019,-168,0,13932,-186,0,17029,-180,0,14663,-186,0,16921,-180,0,14962,-186,0,34238,-186,0,28013,0,0,18655,-186,0,24175,-180,0,21506,-186,0,15408,2503,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-180,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2503,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,8,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","59TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2421,12,43,2379,0,0,2379,34,63,2315,382,920,2169,220,532,2101,517,1422,2132,154,399,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2018,0,0,2019,0,0,2019,2503,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,10,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","GOWANUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3431,10187,54995,3032,8863,61517,3332,9885,51514,5596,16946,54888,9656,30399,58173,10867,35156,51183,35078,112111,54362,18095,69179,54055,9925,32320,51120,3062,9091,61678,11850,35551,63660,11082,31386,52408,2494,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,17,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","INDIAN PT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,10,470,1357,110,334,1476,0,0,1438,10,26,1387,190,648,1553,120,502,1367,618,1994,1429,339,1276,1561,10,65,1518,10,49,1466,70,568,1361,10,79,1524,2497,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,13942,16640,116475,22892,27677,121761,19571,25683,88715,5881,7513,112117,13579,17821,145862,8960,11221,121321,17004,23012,156902,16358,21789,184711,8488,11589,233738,9039,12876,207818,15377,22058,190563,21649,30797,210122,2496,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,18,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","HUDSON AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,32,106,3790,262,520,3270,24,63,4088,0,0,4088,318,932,4131,366,1254,4363,1154,3982,3948,684,2253,4361,44,148,4212,7,28,4185,255,954,4157,0,0,4471,2496,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,1815,5002,70995,2374,6488,64363,3121,8503,70742,4829,13085,57595,4696,13259,61188,7112,20641,70359,14360,43802,86922,0,0,86754,113,310,61193,358,1046,60146,2527,7040,53007,5977,17365,64411,2499,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,23,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","NARROWS BAY",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,160,2545,0,0,0,0,1437,23105,0,3151,50378,0,5478,91177,0,7841,132409,0,26727,472807,0,23321,410674,0,8725,137237,0,6684,112244,0,14121,266734,0,726,12168,0,2499,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,56562,96769,43835,156038,248776,28947,15866,27428,34677,22910,42845,42500,30055,54093,37926,31922,55970,39660,31596,55334,44269,54612,90412,42941,11656,19796,32055,4144,7555,26939,45172,77641,44297,97823,181018,43354,2500,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,209768,2234824,0,193780,1928735,0,161992,1747544,0,161776,1895581,0,200509,2260799,0,241862,2659354,0,377330,4132582,0,492580,5112387,0,269868,2872681,0,121326,1378858,0,190022,2065045,0,34903,408143,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,317,1144,40469,1114,3166,37304,412,1109,36195,1364,3752,32443,0,0,32613,292,765,31848,1020,2785,39004,707,2001,37003,43,116,38759,232,819,37940,91,256,37684,3105,8078,40525,2500,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,40,25,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","RAVENSWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,699,14506,0,461,7543,0,1614,25061,0,3849,61087,0,2639,36379,0,6191,93115,0,11215,178768,0,7292,120354,0,2766,43431,0,1873,38571,0,2782,45521,0,533,8123,0,2500,6,50653,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,4001,11849,37330,7337,16422,1428,4042,7539,1190,6302,7774,1190,11192,14181,1190,8567,12004,1190,7521,9483,1190,3846,5472,1365,3937,4892,1428,-949,0,1429,3253,6242,1429,3602,5677,1429,2504,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,30,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","74TH STREET",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,1690,-11,0,2143,-12,0,2083,-12,0,1952,-3,12,1881,-12,0,1762,-12,24,1738,-13,0,1747,-12,0,1548,-12,0,1524,-12,0,1595,-12,0,2202,2504,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,3119,5797,0,25178,41438,0,1003,1798,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,146,266,0,2502,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,40,40,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","WATERSIDE",0,"NAT GAS",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,59934,697096,0,47441,490868,0,53623,603408,0,39082,449151,0,37250,448243,0,36423,288224,0,55999,633276,0,55829,627391,0,38346,480259,0,35286,396996,0,48220,540897,0,63071,723341,0,2502,6,50653,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,40,50,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2766499,0,0,2324286,0,0,2545579,0,0,2254272,0,0,1899927,0,0,1649376,0,0,1484314,0,0,1332860,0,0,1420463,0,0,1532278,0,0,1814997,0,0,1473629,8801,6,50653,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,40,60,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","OIL STORAGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,204071,0,0,265070,0,0,259969,0,0,242953,0,0,247234,0,0,245330,0,0,259288,0,0,251578,0,0,241219,0,0,257945,0,0,250930,0,0,243796,8802,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,40,65,"CONSOL EDISON CO N Y INC","BUCHANAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4226,"0M",1294,,,95,55,213,3746,295,599,4326,12,22,4481,20,42,4440,199,586,4211,634,1857,4497,979,2573,4452,907,2783,4475,35,172,4303,63,247,4282,398,1093,4230,56,191,4039,4233,6,50653,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,49,5,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DEXTER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2082,0,0,1260,0,0,2412,0,0,1860,0,0,1134,0,0,690,0,0,834,0,0,558,0,0,666,0,0,1998,0,0,2619,0,0,1908,0,0,2505,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,10,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #1",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,228,0,0,53,0,0,337,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2506,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,12,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","PYRITES #2",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,2658,0,0,1453,0,0,3335,0,0,2856,0,0,2370,0,0,1044,0,0,630,0,0,678,0,0,606,0,0,2458,0,0,3186,0,0,2166,0,0,7031,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,15,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","HAILESBORO",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1037,0,0,706,0,0,1087,0,0,1097,0,0,854,0,0,509,0,0,415,0,0,624,0,0,389,0,0,982,0,0,1159,0,0,780,0,0,6573,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,20,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","FOWLER",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,426,0,0,394,0,0,515,0,0,491,0,0,515,0,0,316,0,0,245,0,0,349,0,0,250,0,0,398,0,0,507,0,0,434,0,0,6572,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,25,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#6 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,471,0,0,407,0,0,463,0,0,491,0,0,394,0,0,231,0,0,201,0,0,313,0,0,208,0,0,384,0,0,494,0,0,499,0,0,453,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,50,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","COPENHAGEN",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,1176,0,0,560,0,0,1460,0,0,1532,0,0,460,0,0,108,0,0,360,0,0,112,0,0,312,0,0,1396,0,0,1884,0,0,924,0,0,742,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,55,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","DIAMOND IS",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,665,0,0,468,0,0,733,0,0,702,0,0,504,0,0,251,0,0,228,0,0,190,0,0,239,0,0,583,0,0,773,0,0,616,0,0,2553,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,60,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","THERESA",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,752,0,0,606,0,0,800,0,0,836,0,0,556,0,0,150,0,0,78,0,0,202,0,0,34,0,0,710,0,0,842,0,0,794,0,0,2618,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,70,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","#3 MILL",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,456,0,0,350,0,0,485,0,0,483,0,0,398,0,0,240,0,0,157,0,0,294,0,0,180,0,0,283,0,0,456,0,0,346,0,0,743,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,49,75,"HYDRO DEV GROUP INC","GOODYEAR LK",0,,9145,"0A",1294,,,95,640,0,0,400,0,0,757,0,0,542,0,0,315,0,0,166,0,0,49,0,0,25,0,0,19,0,0,171,0,0,575,0,0,550,0,0,7358,6,50785,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,59,1,"FISHERS IS ELEC CORP (THE","FISHERS ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",6369,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,6575,6,50989,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,1,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","W BABYLON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-9,0,10978,184,398,10580,-10,0,10580,-8,0,10580,-10,0,10580,-10,0,10580,1589,3799,6781,1012,2525,9994,-8,0,9994,23,63,9931,12,52,9878,-6,0,9878,2521,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,0,0,382,189,351,31,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,2511,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,7679,13204,183912,19277,32691,151221,6888,12026,167809,7622,13054,154755,21364,35883,118872,5001,8521,110351,0,0,100351,0,0,150055,0,0,176621,0,0,176621,4499,7876,168745,30931,52133,130983,2511,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,88641,923891,0,72376,743992,0,119516,1265049,0,108791,1129535,0,161464,1644681,0,176300,1817157,0,201713,2124759,0,207176,2182914,0,194067,2023621,0,176719,1855067,0,152642,1622397,0,111293,1143313,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,0,0,21322,89,272,21050,2511,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,87,2,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E F BARRETT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2584,48858,0,2455,39578,0,396,9580,0,7540,115964,0,15423,241318,0,13024,203027,0,13183,202506,0,13611,214090,0,2215,41056,0,3367,60239,0,3070,49795,0,1324,23100,0,2511,6,51685,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,3,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,0,0,630,2513,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,5,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","FAR ROCKWAY",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,35652,370173,0,-382,0,0,37901,413154,0,47344,499677,0,39814,418408,0,43785,454694,0,44918,522402,0,46370,490439,0,46043,485717,0,32114,356625,0,40424,437203,0,48243,507731,0,2513,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2514,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,57152,656357,0,88875,989013,0,43090,513102,0,64609,758501,0,65972,764067,0,85437,987225,0,91585,1053103,0,91614,1044546,0,87436,984844,0,70615,831640,0,65930,771090,0,72860,814525,0,2514,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,15,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","GLENWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,28987,348,833,28155,-2,113,28042,-10,0,28042,-15,0,28042,308,112,27929,1020,3353,24576,1330,3635,20941,-16,0,20941,52,122,20819,-18,0,20787,-15,0,20787,2514,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,971,33,69,902,-4,4,898,-6,0,898,-1,8,890,2,12,878,464,935,369,527,862,816,51,112,705,-6,0,705,-1,4,915,0,3,911,2512,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,17,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","E HAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-17,0,2876,-11,17,2859,-15,0,2859,-9,0,2859,-4,25,2834,34,116,2718,2330,5851,265,2246,5851,2259,76,212,2471,-10,0,2471,27,113,2789,-12,0,2789,2512,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,18,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHOLD",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-8,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-15,0,2716,-11,0,2716,-9,0,2716,14,79,2637,79,316,2534,39,174,2784,-8,0,2784,-8,0,2784,33,160,2624,-15,0,2624,2520,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,393,703,2446,1919,3360,10568,787,1448,10918,244,438,10694,0,0,10694,1255,2346,10708,543,987,10787,859,1604,10653,1224,1286,10857,0,0,11070,42,78,10992,866,1558,10948,2516,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,251839,410183,917940,419721,669714,545119,137170,230153,627264,93546,156459,751601,4614,7948,743653,138528,235371,730114,232571,387065,831393,198326,339587,780654,65679,111985,948390,0,0,1048629,13006,22156,1026473,263245,435054,787488,2516,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"NAT GAS",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,161173,1656185,0,109357,1099738,0,179917,1902183,0,179876,1858552,0,249772,2620522,0,277680,2980882,0,392501,4094975,0,395601,4243388,0,332956,3533654,0,339896,3613412,0,310631,3313635,0,259449,2673147,0,2516,6,51685,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,21,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","NORTHPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2030,-16,0,2030,11,87,1943,-13,0,1943,-12,0,1943,-8,15,1928,10,25,1904,24,175,1729,-2,17,1712,-7,0,0,-15,0,1290,-10,0,1506,2516,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2518,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,23,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SHOREHAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-4,0,10375,81,259,11414,11,38,11377,-7,0,11377,340,528,10848,91,128,10720,441,1417,9303,551,846,15679,5,41,15638,18,32,15605,-4,0,15605,-7,3,15602,2518,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,505,940,248,368,651,173,451,865,267,430,769,71,340,624,210,273,507,271,308,573,265,205,379,265,120,230,224,260,511,310,181,337,162,173,317,229,2517,6,51685,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,83231,142447,374658,116002,187180,292517,84682,149701,363973,88134,146337,217636,86246,147673,240914,86540,147162,367784,119762,202643,388397,116504,197519,283029,62653,110443,267311,37059,67418,404544,57551,98596,305948,73017,122780,291514,2517,6,51685,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,87,24,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","P JEFFERSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,14,70,2055,36,150,1905,-16,0,1905,-11,0,1905,30,100,1805,15,79,1726,94,282,1444,49,175,2118,-8,0,2118,2,49,2069,-12,0,2069,-14,0,2069,2517,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,26,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","SOUTHAMPTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-16,0,2575,22,137,2438,-17,0,2438,-9,0,2438,-4,9,2430,36,153,2277,200,649,2266,170,698,2628,-11,0,2628,-8,0,2628,-2,0,2628,-18,0,2628,2519,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,3,2,87,29,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","MONTAUK",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,-6,0,685,34,66,619,-6,0,619,-6,0,619,0,0,619,2,46,572,274,574,424,184,319,529,57,109,420,-6,0,420,0,23,611,-6,0,611,2515,6,51685,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,87,30,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","HOLTSVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,3418,7966,65483,2730,6945,98989,1349,3183,95807,3573,8991,86815,1220,3009,83806,4957,12317,71489,13538,28073,71475,15481,41712,89159,785,2396,86763,-94,234,86529,427,1487,85042,2296,5778,79264,8007,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,87,35,"LONG ISLAND LIGHTING CO","BROOKHAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",11172,"0M",1294,,,95,2290,4982,38416,2652,6010,38901,226,279,38622,3165,6704,37310,6210,13571,28376,6235,12488,40846,9816,21210,30472,9736,19194,39142,-52,0,39142,113,688,40071,528,1470,40751,2660,5996,37572,7146,6,51685,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,1,,100,1,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","CADYVILLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,2289,0,0,1760,0,0,2697,0,0,2249,0,0,2033,0,0,1277,0,0,1043,0,0,1271,0,0,873,0,0,1835,0,0,2411,0,0,1256,0,0,2522,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,3,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILL 'C'",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1082,0,0,1120,0,0,1325,0,0,1217,0,0,1424,0,0,918,2,0,782,0,0,1153,0,0,591,0,0,1982,0,0,2696,0,0,728,0,0,6486,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,8,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,8036,0,0,6467,0,0,9348,0,0,7548,0,0,6945,0,0,4111,0,0,3127,0,0,4402,0,0,2270,0,0,1885,0,0,8998,0,0,6023,0,0,2530,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,9,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KENT FALLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4267,0,0,3614,0,0,5729,0,0,4500,0,0,4403,0,0,2459,0,0,1821,0,0,2011,0,0,1112,0,0,2429,0,0,0,0,0,2462,0,0,2532,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,11,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KEUKA",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,479,0,0,618,0,0,1104,0,0,424,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,246,0,0,368,0,0,87,0,0,2533,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,18,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","RAINBOW FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,844,0,0,484,0,0,1136,0,0,1424,0,0,2008,0,0,1044,0,0,972,0,0,828,0,0,572,0,0,920,0,0,1432,0,0,800,0,0,6526,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,20,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","SENECA FLS",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,929,0,0,0,0,0,237,0,0,418,0,0,57,0,0,12,0,0,35,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,0,0,1097,0,0,1515,0,0,6525,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,100,26,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","WATERLOO",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,218,0,0,0,0,0,91,0,0,167,0,0,47,0,0,38,0,0,63,0,0,15,0,0,0,0,0,28,0,0,273,0,0,435,0,0,2538,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,4,6,902,7,12,922,38,860,816,166,1093,889,115,412,787,23,40,755,14,25,726,19,34,1012,88,159,674,17,29,652,15,27,781,57,99,755,2526,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,28,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GOUDEY",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49140,18404,38386,47957,17309,33487,38535,14154,31196,29944,11570,19706,47570,19243,17396,46082,17833,16951,48114,18609,8401,48907,19270,14458,47509,18547,11816,46734,17563,21803,47743,17962,29205,49938,18814,16951,2526,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,49,84,1482,143,249,1673,49,85,1663,69,118,1503,97,194,1276,101,268,963,140,255,1024,312,565,929,134,232,1184,28,65,1082,27,47,1003,135,254,963,2527,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,30,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","GREENIDGE",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,59064,22369,46139,64896,24628,34337,56536,21560,33567,61588,23327,27754,60141,23147,16512,44718,17812,44179,56844,23346,35975,63282,25535,39483,33115,12718,51031,52461,19935,48906,51733,19814,48981,79778,32545,44179,2527,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,32,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HICKLING",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,29937,25353,59845,37278,28317,42388,31428,24287,26231,36848,29367,9739,25540,20965,7417,26619,21486,11619,19927,15033,13417,19292,17747,12211,16109,14260,19398,15799,13125,25995,15584,11444,38506,16518,14020,11619,2529,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,"B",100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"WOOD CHIP",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,1937,0,0,2506,0,0,1706,0,0,446,0,0,510,0,0,631,0,0,0,0,0,966,0,0,1443,0,0,1357,0,0,215,0,0,517,0,0,2531,6,52036,"WOD","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,34,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","JENNISON",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,18813,12027,31771,27918,18374,13300,18598,13682,9272,12405,9568,1166,10568,8258,1035,8066,6810,737,10639,7167,2889,9803,7780,5121,7664,6371,9926,7104,5362,9933,11173,7198,8195,18436,12369,737,2531,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,206,337,1812,188,320,1856,273,465,1873,142,244,1879,53,94,1978,249,452,1841,116,209,1815,158,288,1863,211,385,1831,258,462,1670,59,105,1738,26,47,1841,2535,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,192258,68792,79141,180255,67185,80127,183681,68408,89806,153861,58397,69230,98273,37927,98714,132074,52498,118633,185234,73165,90889,184163,73756,101056,131693,53020,97110,185372,73940,102961,167135,65625,99048,191784,76075,118633,2535,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,100,35,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MILLIKEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,0,20,38,0,3,84,0,104,107,0,54,144,0,1,38,0,-64,39,0,10,20,0,0,1,0,12,39,0,11,44,0,17,32,0,2535,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,3,2,100,40,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","HARRIS LAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,-11,0,405,0,0,349,0,0,0,-4,0,313,0,0,260,0,0,242,64,122,269,12,25,244,2,0,436,0,0,357,0,0,290,-13,0,242,2528,6,52036,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,100,43,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","MECHANICVLE",0,,13511,"0M",1294,,,95,9072,0,0,6867,0,0,9702,0,0,6867,0,0,4347,0,0,2961,0,0,1134,0,0,2331,0,0,1953,0,0,5670,0,0,12663,0,0,8946,0,0,625,6,52036,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"LIGHT OIL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,219,378,4169,770,1322,2904,474,811,3335,953,1656,3113,165,283,2839,314,543,2288,879,1523,3426,394,685,2738,627,1087,4124,1183,2162,2118,626,1094,4657,509,873,2288,6082,6,52036,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,100,50,"N Y STATE ELEC & GAS CORP","KINTIGH",0,"BIT COAL",13511,"0M",1294,,,95,429496,166336,132032,393694,148405,142690,419527,160683,178911,416807,160659,178855,418612,159916,174957,381565,146069,162034,348178,133246,124345,413546,158604,73112,376458,141570,75380,181079,73253,130474,363691,142233,133771,423315,159637,162034,6082,6,52036,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,1,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,368414,0,0,58742,0,0,0,0,0,332154,0,0,459193,0,0,439571,0,0,434942,0,0,437261,0,0,420930,0,0,452099,0,0,441551,0,0,459844,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,2,1,105,2,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"NUCLEAR",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,694823,0,0,533574,0,0,742888,0,0,149501,0,0,0,0,0,575400,0,0,821880,0,0,766368,0,0,443850,0,0,845303,0,0,824493,0,0,841323,0,0,2589,6,52053,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,105,5,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALLENS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2087,0,0,1758,0,0,2479,0,0,2662,0,0,2344,0,0,1289,0,0,1268,0,0,1240,0,0,1099,0,0,2308,0,0,2305,0,0,2092,0,0,2540,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,10,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BALDWINSVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,205,0,0,112,0,0,221,0,0,171,0,0,60,0,0,7,0,0,-3,0,0,16,0,0,1,0,0,57,0,0,217,0,0,140,0,0,2542,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,15,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BELFORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,861,0,0,751,0,0,805,0,0,464,0,0,550,0,0,561,0,0,714,0,0,764,0,0,730,0,0,557,0,0,1171,0,0,1354,0,0,2544,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,20,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BENNETTS B",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10231,0,0,5759,0,0,9838,0,0,5346,0,0,4404,0,0,1938,0,0,-33,0,0,313,0,0,5443,0,0,9001,0,0,13335,0,0,6313,0,0,2545,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,25,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLACK RIVER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3477,0,0,2422,0,0,3823,0,0,3907,0,0,2562,0,0,1270,0,0,1501,0,0,948,0,0,1559,0,0,3563,0,0,4456,0,0,3477,0,0,2546,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,30,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BLAKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6604,0,0,6486,0,0,5072,0,0,2962,0,0,3721,0,0,3715,0,0,672,0,0,2828,0,0,1682,0,0,3534,0,0,9144,0,0,6300,0,0,2547,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,35,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BROWNS FLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6785,0,0,3738,0,0,4510,0,0,1724,0,0,1746,0,0,1866,0,0,545,0,0,2901,0,0,1160,0,0,4896,0,0,7492,0,0,3767,0,0,2548,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,40,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","CHASM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1902,0,0,1138,0,0,1426,0,0,1777,0,0,1751,0,0,1323,0,0,994,0,0,1236,0,0,1014,0,0,1752,0,0,1795,0,0,1489,0,0,2550,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,45,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,20600,0,0,18761,0,0,20043,0,0,13701,0,0,15937,0,0,15548,0,0,9456,0,0,14510,0,0,7469,0,0,15049,0,0,2073,0,0,19935,0,0,2551,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,50,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DEFERIET",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,4478,0,0,3495,0,0,5869,0,0,5234,0,0,3642,0,0,1740,0,0,1638,0,0,1204,0,0,1248,0,0,5355,0,0,7027,0,0,4656,0,0,2552,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,65,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EAGLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2653,0,0,2021,0,0,2505,0,0,1200,0,0,1421,0,0,1737,0,0,2331,0,0,1979,0,0,2045,0,0,1398,0,0,3203,0,0,3777,0,0,2555,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,70,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EEL WEIR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,866,0,0,622,0,0,964,0,0,803,0,0,524,0,0,203,0,0,115,0,0,125,0,0,7,0,0,655,0,0,1332,0,0,994,0,0,2556,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,75,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EFFLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1093,0,0,986,0,0,1153,0,0,580,0,0,694,0,0,845,0,0,905,0,0,982,0,0,900,0,0,740,0,0,1558,0,0,1767,0,0,2557,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,80,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ELMER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,812,0,0,575,0,0,796,0,0,380,0,0,439,0,0,552,0,0,441,0,0,640,0,0,593,0,0,496,0,0,1010,0,0,1135,0,0,2559,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,85,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ET NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2479,0,0,1995,0,0,2559,0,0,1703,0,0,1975,0,0,1859,0,0,1059,0,0,1731,0,0,851,0,0,1883,0,0,2471,0,0,2519,0,0,2561,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,90,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FIVE FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10795,0,0,10405,0,0,8347,0,0,4782,0,0,5926,0,0,5896,0,0,3396,0,0,5619,0,0,2631,0,0,5807,0,0,14654,0,0,10198,0,0,2562,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,95,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FLAT ROCK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1503,0,0,871,0,0,1489,0,0,592,0,0,450,0,0,401,0,0,136,0,0,528,0,0,169,0,0,1414,0,0,1912,0,0,876,0,0,2563,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,98,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FRANKLIN F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,775,0,0,767,0,0,1052,0,0,613,0,0,385,0,0,496,0,0,336,0,0,352,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,-1,0,0,2564,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,100,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FULTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,464,0,0,333,0,0,608,0,0,437,0,0,459,0,0,300,0,0,406,0,0,363,0,0,304,0,0,474,0,0,653,0,0,625,0,0,2566,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,105,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GRANBY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5845,0,0,3502,0,0,6558,0,0,1324,0,0,640,0,0,477,0,0,-38,0,0,491,0,0,-42,0,0,3025,0,0,5404,0,0,5157,0,0,2569,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,110,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HANNAWA",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5253,0,0,4772,0,0,5248,0,0,3332,0,0,4051,0,0,3941,0,0,2329,0,0,3797,0,0,1747,0,0,1086,0,0,2696,0,0,5321,0,0,2571,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,115,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HERRINGS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1980,0,0,1586,0,0,2151,0,0,2116,0,0,1509,0,0,629,0,0,705,0,0,371,0,0,337,0,0,1747,0,0,2341,0,0,2187,0,0,2572,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,120,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HEUVELTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,458,0,0,468,0,0,484,0,0,556,0,0,455,0,0,254,0,0,195,0,0,277,0,0,149,0,0,433,0,0,506,0,0,588,0,0,2573,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,125,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH DAM 6",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,1863,0,0,2023,0,0,1494,0,0,922,0,0,725,0,0,989,0,0,179,0,0,2024,0,0,2607,0,0,3766,0,0,2574,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,126,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGH FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2622,0,0,1900,0,0,2648,0,0,1268,0,0,1439,0,0,1814,0,0,2106,0,0,1998,0,0,1847,0,0,1571,0,0,3045,0,0,3527,0,0,2575,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,130,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HIGLEY",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3414,0,0,2999,0,0,3075,0,0,1774,0,0,2177,0,0,2037,0,0,1416,0,0,2086,0,0,1120,0,0,2315,0,0,3556,0,0,3242,0,0,2576,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,135,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HOGANSBURG",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,98,0,0,143,0,0,192,0,0,192,0,0,148,0,0,129,0,0,87,0,0,146,0,0,79,0,0,113,0,0,186,0,0,218,0,0,2577,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,140,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","KAMARGO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2374,0,0,1857,0,0,2750,0,0,2638,0,0,1924,0,0,960,0,0,1034,0,0,398,0,0,612,0,0,2497,0,0,3433,0,0,1788,0,0,2581,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,145,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","LIGHTHOUSE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2431,0,0,1342,0,0,2514,0,0,1178,0,0,925,0,0,399,0,0,-14,0,0,-14,0,0,1080,0,0,1999,0,0,3282,0,0,1507,0,0,2582,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,155,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MACOMB",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,434,0,0,398,0,0,641,0,0,569,0,0,481,0,0,319,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,132,0,0,534,0,0,627,0,0,520,0,0,2583,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,160,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MINETTO",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3847,0,0,2604,0,0,4467,0,0,2022,0,0,1607,0,0,940,0,0,602,0,0,800,0,0,427,0,0,1690,0,0,4151,0,0,4554,0,0,2586,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,165,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOSHIER",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2698,0,0,2561,0,0,2447,0,0,1064,0,0,1751,0,0,2554,0,0,2993,0,0,2896,0,0,2791,0,0,736,0,0,3994,0,0,5506,0,0,2588,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,170,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORFOLK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2391,0,0,2156,0,0,2979,0,0,1872,0,0,2207,0,0,2139,0,0,1223,0,0,2018,0,0,958,0,0,2054,0,0,3088,0,0,2630,0,0,2590,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,175,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NORWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1536,0,0,1408,0,0,1536,0,0,938,0,0,1146,0,0,1136,0,0,605,0,0,1104,0,0,480,0,0,1072,0,0,1232,0,0,1488,0,0,2591,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,180,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGATCHIE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2593,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,182,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL E",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2890,0,0,2449,0,0,2510,0,0,1688,0,0,1604,0,0,996,0,0,637,0,0,679,0,0,550,0,0,1991,0,0,2836,0,0,2816,0,0,2595,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,183,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO FL W",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1223,0,0,423,0,0,1212,0,0,176,0,0,-1,0,0,28,0,0,-2,0,0,47,0,0,14,0,0,385,0,0,730,0,0,1172,0,0,2596,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,185,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PARISHVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,690,0,0,1562,0,0,1603,0,0,1516,0,0,848,0,0,849,0,0,763,0,0,749,0,0,1395,0,0,1488,0,0,1298,0,0,2597,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,187,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PIERCEFIELD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1488,0,0,1283,0,0,1529,0,0,1482,0,0,1341,0,0,627,0,0,429,0,0,881,0,0,370,0,0,1195,0,0,1783,0,0,1527,0,0,2598,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,192,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","PROSPECT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1704,0,0,0,0,0,4257,0,0,5788,0,0,3672,0,0,2881,0,0,2386,0,0,1689,0,0,184,0,0,6691,0,0,11309,0,0,6904,0,0,2599,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,195,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAINBOW",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10771,0,0,10270,0,0,8298,0,0,4779,0,0,5959,0,0,5843,0,0,3452,0,0,5583,0,0,2641,0,0,5774,0,0,14120,0,0,9950,0,0,2600,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,200,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","RAYMONDVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,932,0,0,816,0,0,1452,0,0,926,0,0,670,0,0,1102,0,0,674,0,0,1036,0,0,530,0,0,1056,0,0,1404,0,0,1120,0,0,2601,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,210,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","S EDWARDS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1404,0,0,1076,0,0,1387,0,0,973,0,0,1018,0,0,736,0,0,427,0,0,1020,0,0,558,0,0,1359,0,0,1919,0,0,1392,0,0,2604,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,215,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SEWALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,889,0,0,1518,0,0,1486,0,0,1205,0,0,544,0,0,246,0,0,320,0,0,319,0,0,1211,0,0,1489,0,0,1514,0,0,2608,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,220,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOFT MAPLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2633,0,0,1616,0,0,2359,0,0,882,0,0,1236,0,0,1714,0,0,2341,0,0,1918,0,0,1850,0,0,1760,0,0,3432,0,0,4125,0,0,2610,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,225,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SOTH COLTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,8860,0,0,8292,0,0,6906,0,0,3510,0,0,4607,0,0,4842,0,0,2861,0,0,4595,0,0,2211,0,0,4731,0,0,12247,0,0,8305,0,0,2611,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,230,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STARK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10035,0,0,10162,0,0,7531,0,0,4401,0,0,5629,0,0,5788,0,0,3281,0,0,5363,0,0,2475,0,0,5187,0,0,14852,0,0,9960,0,0,2613,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,235,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SUGAR IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2908,0,0,2519,0,0,2995,0,0,2818,0,0,2884,0,0,2757,0,0,1893,0,0,2754,0,0,1376,0,0,2667,0,0,2781,0,0,2983,0,0,2616,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,240,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TAYLORVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2219,0,0,1663,0,0,2176,0,0,1051,0,0,1247,0,0,1560,0,0,1566,0,0,1692,0,0,1630,0,0,1392,0,0,2700,0,0,3109,0,0,2617,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,250,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","TRENTON",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,12363,0,0,10763,0,0,12685,0,0,10309,0,0,6711,0,0,6004,0,0,5262,0,0,4565,0,0,3995,0,0,8295,0,0,14603,0,0,11617,0,0,2619,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,255,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","VARICK",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3510,0,0,2348,0,0,3552,0,0,1467,0,0,836,0,0,546,0,0,363,0,0,629,0,0,211,0,0,2344,0,0,3490,0,0,3553,0,0,2621,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,265,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","YALEVILLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,293,0,0,255,0,0,406,0,0,320,0,0,373,0,0,341,0,0,243,0,0,407,0,0,242,0,0,346,0,0,275,0,0,248,0,0,2624,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,3,2,105,270,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","NINE MILE P",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6,136,4435,3,121,4470,11,87,4380,0,100,4256,13,323,4316,10,36,4349,6,164,4288,7,218,4320,6,11,535,6,12,573,6,13,557,6,12,543,2589,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,3,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,632933,120407,215553,417380,0,0,417380,26504,46741,370639,0,0,370639,1371,4130,366508,44092,30232,330715,13690,33269,298197,9883,21973,276183,0,0,276183,0,0,542213,0,0,542213,2594,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,999,22854,0,10635,117884,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,108,461,0,38513,570000,0,15497,213000,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2594,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,275,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OSWEGO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,0,0,2149,4,11,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,0,0,2138,2594,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,285,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEARDSLEE F",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5266,0,0,1946,0,0,6556,0,0,4417,0,0,2463,0,0,1946,0,0,895,0,0,759,0,0,741,0,0,5400,0,0,6369,0,0,2631,0,0,2543,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,290,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BAKER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2541,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,300,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EL J WEST",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,5989,0,0,5250,0,0,1580,0,0,972,0,0,1241,0,0,3218,0,0,3059,0,0,2326,0,0,4257,0,0,1425,0,0,10684,0,0,8834,0,0,6527,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,305,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","EPHRATAH",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2045,0,0,902,0,0,1493,0,0,780,0,0,337,0,0,463,0,0,97,0,0,147,0,0,127,0,0,1599,0,0,1298,0,0,1198,0,0,2560,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,315,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLEN FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2567,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,317,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GREEN ISL",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3672,0,0,3067,0,0,3470,0,0,3478,0,0,2678,0,0,2110,0,0,1303,0,0,1440,0,0,1476,0,0,2837,0,0,2513,0,0,3722,0,0,6528,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,320,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","INGHAMS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,2951,0,0,1446,0,0,3570,0,0,3006,0,0,1806,0,0,1403,0,0,605,0,0,518,0,0,480,0,0,2716,0,0,3695,0,0,1829,0,0,2579,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,325,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","JOHNSONVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,783,0,0,709,0,0,698,0,0,730,0,0,706,0,0,415,0,0,84,0,0,196,0,0,71,0,0,754,0,0,1347,0,0,777,0,0,2580,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,340,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","MOREAU",0,,13573,"0M",1294,"R",190,95,0,0,0,2501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2587,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,350,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCH ST COHS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,17365,0,0,13801,0,0,18549,0,0,16246,0,0,8330,0,0,6836,0,0,4087,0,0,3410,0,0,3303,0,0,14028,0,0,23804,0,0,15352,0,0,2605,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,355,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHAGHTICKE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,6959,0,0,4628,0,0,1779,0,0,7008,0,0,3998,0,0,2703,0,0,925,0,0,1694,0,0,513,0,0,4157,0,0,7065,0,0,4122,0,0,2606,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,360,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SCHUYLERVLE",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,766,0,0,454,0,0,951,0,0,408,0,0,291,0,0,185,0,0,26,0,0,77,0,0,-5,0,0,527,0,0,1089,0,0,771,0,0,2607,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,365,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SHERMAN",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,14937,0,0,11480,0,0,11483,0,0,9158,0,0,6495,0,0,5892,0,0,5453,0,0,6179,0,0,6999,0,0,9121,0,0,7996,0,0,9198,0,0,2609,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,370,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","SPIER FALLS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,22054,0,0,16130,0,0,18521,0,0,13202,0,0,8844,0,0,7373,0,0,6467,0,0,7246,0,0,8844,0,0,15741,0,0,12177,0,0,20353,0,0,2612,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,380,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STEWARTS BR",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,10770,0,0,11203,0,0,3959,0,0,1818,0,0,5172,0,0,2348,0,0,5366,0,0,4271,0,0,7737,0,0,2666,0,0,19084,0,0,17328,0,0,2614,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,385,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","STUYVESANT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2615,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,220,0,0,201,0,0,201,0,0,195,0,0,192,0,0,189,0,0,185,2539,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"HEAVY OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,58267,97691,332532,62750,94595,237938,5641,8097,184840,0,0,184840,0,0,184840,1711,4230,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,0,0,180610,18591,30657,149952,25930,42050,107902,2539,6,52053,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,57789,665226,0,58253,669709,0,144263,1550322,0,53054,571524,0,31237,333909,0,47841,524896,0,130139,1434248,0,147338,1604315,0,50979,541649,0,49257,521886,0,6001,121469,0,5994,104410,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,4,2,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,105,395,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","ALBANY",0,"NAT GAS",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2539,6,52053,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,1,,105,420,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","GLENWOOD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,584,0,0,584,0,0,712,0,0,35,0,0,602,0,0,501,0,0,510,0,0,499,0,0,459,0,0,493,0,0,412,0,0,213,0,0,2568,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,425,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","HYDRAULIC R",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,247,0,0,1980,0,0,1737,0,0,1757,0,0,1761,0,0,1655,0,0,1715,0,0,209,0,0,0,0,0,2578,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,440,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","WATERPORT",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1372,0,0,1372,0,0,1447,0,0,69,0,0,924,0,0,779,0,0,723,0,0,727,0,0,684,0,0,922,0,0,936,0,0,428,0,0,2623,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,1601,2790,0,653,1081,0,675,1178,0,599,1017,0,1403,2417,0,539,896,0,638,1090,0,1031,1725,0,723,1216,0,997,1731,0,914,1625,0,396,651,0,2554,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,254022,99455,112963,311173,114689,97723,298538,114582,80138,317020,119632,52831,259603,99967,52456,255038,95545,74556,311521,120965,80149,307244,117398,77577,307482,116339,76599,257442,99939,138351,253614,100750,153571,354614,131876,151153,2554,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,445,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","DUNKIRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,1079,0,0,1334,0,0,1300,0,0,1323,0,0,635,0,0,1174,0,0,1343,0,0,1234,0,0,1317,0,0,1090,0,0,1325,0,0,1484,2554,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,2,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,681,1256,1160,349,688,1247,690,1294,1076,1705,3207,1221,704,1326,1175,1004,1818,1727,1072,1981,1452,554,1037,1301,324,570,1193,1215,2237,1180,832,1567,1213,253,461,1135,2549,6,52053,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"BIT COAL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,272246,110975,103175,276497,121255,106086,220640,91915,179212,270614,112094,162277,265384,109603,157439,267756,107734,190733,286378,118727,131748,337035,139658,120591,316597,122391,136393,245260,100618,129570,236599,99435,197282,339259,137453,168549,2549,6,52053,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,3,2,105,450,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","C R HUNTLEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2549,6,52053,"FO2","IC" 21,36,1,1,,105,460,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","OAK ORCHARD",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,178,0,0,186,0,0,185,0,0,187,0,0,174,0,0,176,0,0,46,0,0,0,0,0,2592,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,465,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","BEEBEE IS",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3633,0,0,2768,0,0,5208,0,0,4383,0,0,3010,0,0,1959,0,0,2292,0,0,1754,0,0,2115,0,0,4754,0,0,5881,0,0,3959,0,0,6434,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,105,470,"NIAGARA MOHAWK POWER CORP","FEEDER DAM",0,,13573,"0M",1294,,190,95,3058,0,0,0,0,0,2491,0,0,1680,0,0,1085,0,0,869,0,0,595,0,0,648,0,0,1046,0,0,1795,0,0,3058,0,0,2885,0,0,2666,6,52053,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,3,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","GRAHAMSVILE",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,7995,0,0,10213,0,0,10828,0,0,5471,0,0,3765,0,0,6843,0,0,11715,0,0,11385,0,0,6049,0,0,6915,0,0,5017,0,0,7158,0,0,2627,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,5,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","MONGAUP FLS",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1849,0,0,830,0,0,1994,0,0,1152,0,0,218,0,0,502,0,0,749,0,0,605,0,0,91,0,0,475,0,0,1859,0,0,1637,0,0,2630,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,10,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","RIO",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,4380,0,0,1792,0,0,4911,0,0,2578,0,0,759,0,0,986,0,0,1125,0,0,978,0,0,116,0,0,1041,0,0,4467,0,0,3352,0,0,2631,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,15,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 1",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,1041,0,0,442,0,0,1445,0,0,608,0,0,266,0,0,374,0,0,391,0,0,409,0,0,76,0,0,299,0,0,1316,0,0,873,0,0,2633,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,115,20,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SWING BR 2",0,,14154,"0M",1294,,,95,687,0,0,340,0,0,661,0,0,428,0,0,16,0,0,-84,0,0,164,0,0,42,0,0,-68,0,0,68,0,0,889,0,0,593,0,0,2634,6,52181,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,3,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,43906,73730,656595,138605,222519,509921,36874,60431,690856,47123,77864,612992,171664,281797,399693,132603,218077,395393,121658,204130,412273,93622,159538,457749,16475,28676,564249,22772,39554,562775,23802,41159,590697,87447,145316,516559,2625,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,25,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","BOWLINE PT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,168974,1723560,0,82272,1239913,0,246716,2463200,0,218627,2199380,0,99656,966090,0,197607,1984380,0,277722,2939140,0,259468,2692570,0,188365,2000250,0,195838,2071510,0,142378,1499610,0,41983,424600,0,2625,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"HEAVY OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,8,15,100319,1955,3363,96956,1,1,96927,0,0,96968,162,289,96714,7,13,96701,10,18,96682,5,10,96706,6,11,96717,0,0,96732,0,0,96732,5,10,96723,2629,6,52181,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"BIT COAL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,111799,49067,63359,155251,65603,75519,116513,50062,70545,69873,29960,67950,67316,29174,75567,80224,36666,84715,138923,58882,82515,118307,52178,76055,140703,61690,59229,113469,49704,60388,125569,51656,62679,132749,58514,56774,2629,6,52181,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,2,9,115,30,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","LOVETT",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,29773,323525,0,26698,280445,0,15824,169812,0,33214,357965,0,35392,384353,0,65900,754578,0,47901,513697,0,42001,470557,0,20369,222754,0,24743,268834,0,21096,220661,0,31665,346005,0,2629,6,52181,"NG","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,0,4238,0,9,4229,0,0,4229,52,164,4065,108,334,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,0,0,3731,2628,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,35,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","HILLBURN",0,"NATURAL G",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,44,1217,0,0,0,0,37,1143,0,565,8996,0,-13,1208,0,256,5250,0,276,4745,0,945,15862,0,444,6906,0,-18,82,0,-27,456,0,24,430,0,2628,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,4,2,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4599,73,30,4569,29,103,4466,-1,30,4485,1,2,4463,45,124,4068,0,0,4068,1,3,4065,0,0,4065,22,81,3984,84,247,3738,0,0,3738,2632,6,52181,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,115,40,"ORANGE & ROCKLAND UTL INC","SHOEMAKER",0,"NAT GAS",14154,"0M",1294,,,95,217,4023,0,342,7789,0,599,11559,0,-31,207,0,1856,30143,0,3256,49008,0,4402,75566,0,4597,74746,0,2492,42150,0,713,14586,0,45,456,0,53,1654,0,2632,6,52181,"NG","GT" 21,36,1,2,1,135,1,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","GINNA",0,"NUCLEAR",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,351805,0,0,321771,0,0,293087,0,0,-2750,0,0,299117,0,0,334397,0,0,342637,0,0,305248,0,0,336763,0,0,353447,0,0,342871,0,0,354889,0,0,6122,6,52501,"UR","ST" 21,36,1,1,,135,5,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MILLS M 172",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,68,0,0,0,0,0,79,0,0,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2636,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,10,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","MT MORR 160",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,75,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,49,0,0,121,0,0,87,0,0,44,0,0,16,0,0,124,0,0,132,0,0,67,0,0,2637,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,15,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 2",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,3983,0,0,3890,0,0,4861,0,0,4119,0,0,4073,0,0,2681,0,0,1898,0,0,1483,0,0,708,0,0,3228,0,0,4230,0,0,3509,0,0,2639,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,25,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 5",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,18727,0,0,8869,0,0,21670,0,0,13445,0,0,7303,0,0,4173,0,0,5885,0,0,2422,0,0,1347,0,0,9730,0,0,15462,0,0,12738,0,0,2641,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,28,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","RCHESTER 26",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,596,0,0,1040,0,0,1215,0,0,1302,0,0,1083,0,0,420,0,0,405,0,0,282,0,0,135,0,0,726,0,0,1174,0,0,1054,0,0,2638,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,1,,135,35,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","WISCOY 170",0,,16183,"0M",1294,,,95,517,0,0,408,0,0,590,0,0,391,0,0,204,0,0,97,0,0,121,0,0,83,0,0,55,0,0,240,0,0,470,0,0,462,0,0,2646,6,52501,"WAT","HY" 21,36,1,2,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,102,143,2305,77,143,2008,122,214,1718,91,167,1882,68,119,1700,27,58,1645,2640,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,3,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"HEAVY OIL",16183,"0M",1294,"R",,95,27,48,2860,14,24,2809,14,24,2745,14,24,2703,0,0,2703,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2640,6,52501,"FO6","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,36334,13900,770,42264,15300,1458,40715,15300,1556,45572,16900,817,17481,6500,1591,36715,14100,1438,41179,15700,936,37637,15017,1800,37010,13802,1800,27740,10832,1630,33466,12558,1431,34731,13210,1105,2640,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,45,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 3",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,81,0,4,27,0,13,41,0,3,18,0,0,0,0,6,34,0,4,6,0,46,154,0,25,76,0,8,26,0,13,63,0,1,7,0,2640,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,2,2,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,299,571,1111,90,167,1127,375,690,1162,173,310,1211,249,452,1299,566,1071,1121,331,643,1190,434,833,1065,37,71,1065,373,738,1065,345,643,958,311,571,1102,2642,6,52501,"FO2","ST" 21,36,1,2,6,135,50,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 7",0,"BIT COAL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,66357,27700,114902,86515,35300,90431,90609,36600,83204,137634,53400,75835,121093,47500,85250,104898,43000,113923,112687,47700,112973,116634,48507,127749,110993,45157,153399,77990,33362,173353,81051,33064,173047,90029,35948,150667,2642,6,52501,"BIT","ST" 21,36,1,4,2,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"LIGHT OIL",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2644,6,52501,"FO2","GT" 21,36,1,4,9,135,60,"ROCHESTER GAS & ELEC CORP","ROCHESTER 9",0,"NAT GAS",16183,"0M",1294,,,95,26,383,0,2,74,0,14,216,0,4,174,0,0,0,0,8,290,0,17,280,0,3,89,0,24,381,0,0,0,0,3,98,0,8,143,0,2644,6,52501,"NG","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,1463,3067,3172,1434,3271,2622,413,1557,2551,-162,121,3525,-118,217,5782,984,2264,6164,3712,7100,3595,3729,7301,5720,584,1625,6684,895,1423,5789,787,2037,3752,1869,3903,3213,2679,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,4,2,578,5,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 2",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2,12,0,13,58,0,18,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2679,6,51057,"FO2","GT" 21,36,5,3,2,578,10,"FREEPORT (VILLAGE OF)","PLANT NO 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",6775,"0M",1294,,,95,182,658,1479,376,1032,1630,468,1254,1391,320,920,1697,251,803,1542,452,1093,1119,571,1281,1220,740,1757,1321,639,1551,1424,175,575,1295,402,1078,1704,465,1231,1436,2678,6,51057,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,586,1,"GOUVERNEUR (CITY OF)","GOUVERNEUR",0,,7422,"0A",1294,,,95,46,0,0,92,0,0,47,0,0,50,0,0,50,0,0,38,0,0,13,0,0,45,0,0,29,0,0,20,0,0,26,0,0,41,0,0,2680,6,51137,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,3,2,599,1,"GREENPORT (CITY OF)","GREENPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",7630,"0A",1294,,,95,-32,0,183,-32,0,183,-27,0,183,0,2,181,0,0,0,0,1,180,-20,0,180,-4,28,152,-10,14,182,-19,0,182,0,0,182,-1,26,181,2681,6,51177,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,2,2,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,105,273,377,41,102,275,21,59,394,24,59,335,20,54,281,26,64,394,57,144,250,59,144,281,26,66,215,26,69,323,44,114,209,51,136,250,2682,6,51437,"FO2","ST" 21,36,5,2,6,624,1,"JAMESTOWN (CITY OF)","S A CARLSON",0,"BIT COAL",9645,"0M",1294,,,95,17974,10638,3526,17648,10013,3826,11794,7305,3597,9844,5439,3428,9879,6006,2629,11487,6255,2811,13511,7717,2530,13208,7291,3578,9538,5398,3370,10505,6096,2827,12704,7245,3946,16956,10165,3924,2682,6,51437,"BIT","ST" 21,36,5,3,2,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"LIGHT OIL",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,105,294,2332,321,741,2091,43,283,1808,-60,82,1726,-18,114,2338,244,637,2368,957,2138,1919,2160,4073,1884,560,1129,2277,20,216,2061,38,213,2151,101,381,1770,2695,6,52509,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,3,9,675,1,"ROCKVILLE CTR(VILLAGE OF)","ROCKVILLE C",0,"NAT GAS",16217,"0M",1294,,,95,642,7257,0,510,5912,0,15,471,0,0,325,0,-11,282,0,1931,20033,0,4455,46010,0,2523,26516,0,352,4031,0,47,1369,0,46,1025,0,450,5750,0,2695,6,52509,"NG","IC" 21,36,5,3,2,700,5,"SKANEATELES VILLAGE OF","SKANEATELES",0,"LIGHT OIL",17280,"0A",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2697,6,52670,"FO2","IC" 21,36,5,1,,712,1,"SPRINGVILLE (CITY OF)","SPRINGVILLE",0,,17846,"0A",1294,,,95,145,0,0,118,0,0,104,0,0,166,0,0,172,0,0,129,0,0,84,0,0,63,0,0,12,0,0,39,0,0,110,0,0,124,0,0,2698,6,52772,"WAT","HY" 21,36,5,1,,725,1,"WATERTOWN (CITY OF)","WATERTOWN",0,,20188,"0A",1294,,,95,2508,0,0,1826,0,0,2861,0,0,2520,0,0,2042,0,0,715,0,0,684,0,0,252,0,0,458,0,0,1925,0,0,2671,0,0,2141,0,0,2700,6,53199,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","LEWISTON PG",0,"C-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-23392,48481,0,-16321,48107,0,-18062,52914,0,-34170,75041,0,-32754,81523,0,-35246,84639,0,-35971,80543,0,-31970,78905,0,-33926,76500,0,-34404,82531,0,-25619,66689,0,-26848,63831,0,2692,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,1,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FITZPATRICK",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,34055,0,0,544665,0,0,562170,0,0,384520,0,0,579310,0,0,577530,0,0,402855,0,0,590100,0,0,572680,0,0,580835,0,0,6110,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES NIAG",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1463973,0,0,1230590,0,0,1418230,0,0,1163933,0,0,1279083,0,0,1132981,0,0,1197133,0,0,1148436,0,0,1021706,0,0,1145560,0,0,1382957,0,0,1354956,0,0,2693,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,1,668,3,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","INDIAN PT 3",0,"NUCLEAR",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,17,0,0,434533,0,0,716433,0,0,320544,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2,0,0,8907,6,52375,"UR","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,5,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","MOSES PR DM",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,524759,0,0,481624,0,0,585412,0,0,549618,0,0,532348,0,0,526743,0,0,545520,0,0,559232,0,0,538635,0,0,554432,0,0,576778,0,0,569302,0,0,2694,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,8,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","BLENHEIM G",0,"P-PUMPSTG",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,-80117,223900,0,-66116,187582,0,-64757,198518,0,-71547,180530,0,-58305,185571,0,-61293,196731,0,-78558,215353,0,-75753,237341,0,-63547,183628,0,-66325,194141,0,-57795,177791,0,-70135,192222,0,2691,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,2,3,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"HEAVY OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,33400,61649,303226,126069,209523,203682,20403,35475,168236,17269,37577,130679,19806,35708,94972,47803,62254,32718,36004,60668,68293,14149,23707,150452,35247,61190,430389,17481,30727,459549,62862,110242,349307,252627,421942,245156,2491,6,52375,"FO6","ST" 21,36,9,2,9,668,15,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","POLETTI",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,99454,1128061,0,99940,1020449,0,202945,2167293,0,211435,2738075,0,258894,2862705,0,324525,2604689,0,262599,2721610,0,310920,3222176,0,205757,2168448,0,224611,2374781,0,128580,1368464,0,2466,25078,0,2491,6,52375,"NG","ST" 21,36,9,1,,668,20,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","ASHOKAN",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,1615,0,0,587,0,0,1045,0,0,2214,0,0,2450,0,0,2277,0,0,2117,0,0,2126,0,0,1756,0,0,1286,0,0,1083,0,0,1303,0,0,88,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,25,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","KENSICO",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,802,0,0,73,0,0,0,0,0,1521,0,0,150,0,0,271,0,0,1411,0,0,1244,0,0,1418,0,0,1191,0,0,880,0,0,0,0,0,650,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,30,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","JARVIS",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,4048,0,0,2165,0,0,2416,0,0,2485,0,0,1720,0,0,1501,0,0,1162,0,0,1003,0,0,575,0,0,2833,0,0,5091,0,0,2476,0,0,808,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,35,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","CRESCENT",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,6303,0,0,4034,0,0,7316,0,0,4624,0,0,3019,0,0,2031,0,0,104,0,0,713,0,0,703,0,0,3132,0,0,6120,0,0,4690,0,0,2685,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,1,,668,40,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","VISCHER FER",0,,15296,"0M",1294,,,95,5945,0,0,3714,0,0,6024,0,0,4504,0,0,2789,0,0,1833,0,0,986,0,0,123,0,0,654,0,0,2259,0,0,5980,0,0,4591,0,0,2686,6,52375,"WAT","HY" 21,36,9,5,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"WASTE HT",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,24819,192100,0,17369,134483,0,27383,211172,0,18948,146928,0,26056,199854,0,24430,188777,0,23492,184084,0,25126,194127,0,24424,188668,0,23749,183457,0,20261,158951,0,19720,154115,0,7314,6,52375,"WH","CC" 21,36,9,6,2,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,7722,10369,101959,21462,28859,72145,0,0,72242,14,20,72083,0,0,72104,0,0,72094,0,0,72044,0,0,72052,0,0,72062,157,211,71873,9447,12866,58992,27271,36998,78070,7314,6,52375,"FO2","CT" 21,36,9,6,9,668,45,"POWER AUTHY OF ST OF N Y","FLYNN",0,"NAT GAS",15296,"0M",1294,,,95,74458,576302,0,52111,403450,0,82153,633518,0,56849,440785,0,78170,599562,0,73293,566331,0,71470,552251,0,75381,582382,0,73276,566005,0,71251,550371,0,60784,476853,0,59162,462344,0,7314,6,52375,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,123,81,130,93,0,0,131,0,0,138,14,28,165,67,129,202,80,160,147,5,10,137,40,91,189,0,29,160,0,29,131,4,8,123,2384,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1345,2425,95467,4563,6516,88951,0,0,88951,0,0,88261,0,0,88261,1177,2026,86235,3361,5958,80277,5273,9351,70926,5555,8624,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,0,0,62302,2384,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,29945,12519,39313,35838,15203,23710,8276,3561,20149,0,0,34389,5810,3059,52665,34469,14723,52014,42129,18253,40567,44451,19515,27979,11926,4625,44084,33654,13941,51248,53859,21346,70836,57721,22974,63900,2384,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1491,16310,0,0,0,0,944,9940,0,1878,22040,0,11307,122240,0,11062,117040,0,27862,302860,0,29442,321050,0,12534,120040,0,807,8090,0,1552,15370,0,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,770,27,44,729,14,39,690,20,103,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,587,0,0,0,2384,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,1,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","DEEPWATER",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,629,6657,0,3831,41649,0,3649,39793,0,1027,14649,0,628,9167,0,1061,10505,0,694,6875,0,2384,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,2,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MISSOURI AV",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-4,100,9869,278,791,9635,3,53,9582,-21,5,9576,-17,8,9568,177,455,9113,2101,5546,7361,1882,5382,8451,605,2439,10201,-18,16,10185,-16,19,10167,2,70,10097,2383,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,510,999,1734,317,596,1818,213,395,1756,107,200,1734,125,224,1843,424,778,1734,424,814,1508,552,1027,1647,500,1086,1588,450,958,1654,643,1122,1377,242,442,1435,2378,3,56513,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,4583,8307,99579,7833,13643,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,0,0,103560,8731,14731,88829,37756,66914,51324,29729,50813,69931,850,2842,113855,18800,33751,80103,0,0,80103,15770,26499,87607,2378,3,56513,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"BIT COAL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,68381,30282,165387,127521,54088,125492,123787,53379,95025,85963,36061,88754,176115,72435,61413,155554,64926,62658,185411,80134,49009,173888,73305,41509,130330,53650,71904,83030,32962,118367,145947,62033,109160,196038,81549,81843,2378,3,56513,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,3,2,24,5,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","B L ENGLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,5,11,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,12,23,0,133,257,0,321,597,0,5,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2378,3,56513,"FO2","IC" 22,34,1,4,2,24,20,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MIDDLE STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-834,144,15410,-227,1590,15128,-1342,459,14669,-815,159,14510,-333,16,14494,-558,315,9113,2009,5421,12193,2243,7786,14637,-670,677,15327,-729,232,15284,-745,423,15069,-730,254,14814,2382,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,25,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CEDAR STA",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-474,179,21675,-321,918,21875,-42,70,21804,-546,56,21748,-110,38,21710,62,61,21650,3843,9672,14702,3756,10444,18151,-253,1075,20407,-631,431,21246,-535,219,21027,-679,322,20705,2380,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-28,8,13554,78,379,13175,-43,0,13175,-20,0,13175,-965,8,13167,-121,166,13002,1394,2899,10102,1615,4499,9171,-32,0,13713,-16,0,14849,-44,0,14849,49,332,14517,2379,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,30,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CARLL CORNR",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,35,1120,0,452,8170,0,-76,50,0,-19,1010,0,73,2450,0,835,15970,0,6072,93380,0,5324,82370,0,-117,28460,0,861,14250,0,-44,7170,0,172,150,0,2379,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8008,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,32,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MICKETON ST",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,665,11020,0,1084,16250,0,714,11030,0,1017,15170,0,334,6070,0,2355,35610,0,9801,143090,0,8665,129480,0,2856,42750,0,30,1480,0,2277,33340,0,276,5380,0,8008,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,18141,-10,0,18141,-38,0,18141,-31,0,18141,-30,0,18141,0,0,18141,5894,12888,17367,7323,16647,12470,3,249,14661,0,0,17077,-158,198,17249,60,412,16838,5083,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,33,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","CUMBERLAND",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,-76,0,0,-10,0,0,-38,0,0,-31,0,0,0,0,0,-27,130,0,342,4020,0,16,200,0,1,380,0,-93,0,0,0,0,0,101,3810,0,5083,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,35,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,53843,0,0,50861,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,80853,0,0,58245,0,0,12871,0,0,12871,0,0,52645,0,0,52645,0,0,82122,8803,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,3,24,40,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","MANTU DEPOT",0,"HEAVY OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,0,0,128847,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,111223,0,0,81814,0,0,111865,0,0,111865,0,0,115694,0,0,115694,0,0,131074,8804,3,56513,"FO6","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"LIGHT OIL",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,70,186,14708,-45,0,14708,-30,0,14708,0,0,14708,-11,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,-190,0,14708,0,0,14708,0,0,14708,76,193,14515,232,590,14513,7288,3,56513,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,24,45,"ATLANTIC CITY ELEC CO","SHERMAN AVE",0,"NAT GAS",963,"0M",1294,,181,95,1386,19950,0,-45,0,0,-30,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-190,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1704,23780,0,2984,41500,0,7288,3,56513,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,50,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","OYSTER CRK",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,471880,0,0,400185,0,0,466040,0,0,457427,0,0,440064,0,0,447364,0,0,438119,0,0,420825,0,0,447572,0,0,468215,0,0,428423,0,0,307964,0,0,2388,3,58850,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,1,,78,5,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","YARDS CR JO",0,"P-PUMPSTG",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,-9476,31075,0,-6121,19602,0,-8606,30644,0,-9596,30043,0,-9800,36086,0,-15417,52655,0,-13938,46076,0,-11848,42668,0,-7525,27636,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2205,5358,0,6522,3,56512,"WAT","HY" 22,34,1,4,2,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,357,1074,17830,457,1242,16588,29,247,16340,30,141,16199,0,0,16199,360,1062,15138,0,0,15138,0,0,15138,149,445,14693,21,60,14633,69,223,14409,10,63,16838,8227,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,7,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GLEN GARDNR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,10,0,31,485,0,2,90,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,698,11690,0,15562,248730,0,18982,309960,0,4246,71580,0,3046,50662,0,1111,20594,0,10,377,0,8227,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,268,611,153901,2150,4403,149484,0,0,149488,0,0,149544,0,0,149379,0,0,150080,0,0,150051,0,0,149974,0,0,150075,0,0,149949,0,0,149926,8990,12417,137518,2393,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1658,32084,0,198,3865,0,-452,0,0,-364,0,0,-363,0,0,6011,80854,0,28213,364986,0,24888,306021,0,915,14545,0,340,8670,0,825,13717,0,331,2840,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,150,431,0,803,2747,0,39,127,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1,8,0,1,3,0,791,2604,0,31,88,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1,16,0,0,0,0,1,15,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,79,0,2862,50800,0,6493,121452,0,911,15880,0,4,174,0,979,364,0,29,249,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,5,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,728,0,0,3136,0,0,1259,0,0,1612,0,0,-587,0,0,5741,0,0,26058,0,0,28272,0,0,20554,0,0,8047,0,0,19296,0,0,18926,0,0,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CC" 22,34,1,5,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"WASTE HT",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CC" 22,34,1,6,2,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1147,2566,252704,5572,11989,236313,1136,2545,232067,367,826,230086,0,0,229824,2660,6112,221348,82,189,219853,2038,4709,211204,942,1977,207539,163,373,205587,83,183,203671,5739,8660,193069,2393,3,56512,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,6,9,78,9,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","GILBERT",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,5385,68331,0,8729,106467,0,6306,80671,0,7352,94029,0,-100,0,0,15594,203104,0,61026,877903,0,70864,931070,0,54572,701754,0,24094,329931,0,60664,796524,0,81101,693848,0,2393,3,56512,"NG","CT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,4224,7914,90214,19448,37587,72103,7,16,72200,0,0,72163,792,1710,90373,6448,15362,75189,42812,86857,27305,24793,50118,55888,1650,3646,52242,0,0,71301,7,18,90540,10844,23847,66865,2390,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,20137,245800,0,2651,32100,0,6917,89800,0,-727,100,0,-407,2800,0,141,2100,0,224,4900,0,16338,199000,0,1429,25400,0,-704,0,0,2904,47900,0,306,4100,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,93,224,31996,752,2238,29758,0,0,29758,0,0,29758,139,640,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,0,0,29118,2390,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,10,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","SAYREVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,1500,19800,0,1294,21300,0,831,12100,0,898,13300,0,187,4800,0,2507,37100,0,16534,266200,0,24165,379300,0,3245,51100,0,2451,37300,0,265,3800,0,22,300,0,2390,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"HEAVY OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,259,628,28845,5405,11437,18060,1926,4703,13792,-265,311,13764,-275,69,13780,1352,3366,28845,10346,20351,28459,7922,15595,12784,55,70,13159,-271,197,32022,-298,546,32144,3509,7954,24818,2385,3,56512,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,78,15,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","WERNER",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,44,115,40240,398,1664,37864,88,236,37615,0,0,37379,13,702,36473,348,618,35855,2640,8238,27453,4764,13326,33888,215,290,33598,10,269,33202,0,25,42792,3,278,41910,2385,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"LIGHT OIL",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,16388,1066,2219,17602,713,1618,15984,0,0,15971,0,0,15989,0,0,15969,0,0,15974,0,0,15980,0,0,15980,5,12,15970,0,0,15994,221,489,15505,7138,3,56512,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,78,20,"JERSEY CENTRAL PWR & LGT","FORKED RVR",0,"NAT GAS",9726,"0M",1294,,,95,364,4569,0,160,1908,0,1306,15609,0,1647,20147,0,1120,14174,0,2225,28309,0,12875,162923,0,11844,149957,0,4227,53220,0,1880,23454,0,1759,25611,0,749,9475,0,7138,3,56512,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,818199,0,0,47631,0,0,687443,0,0,753981,0,0,247176,0,0,-8310,0,0,-7985,0,0,-5500,0,0,-3133,0,0,-2112,0,0,-2002,0,0,-2639,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,1,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HOPE CREEK",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778188,0,0,711976,0,0,566874,0,0,750262,0,0,767051,0,0,742345,0,0,309223,0,0,760021,0,0,742281,0,0,733449,0,0,210606,0,0,-8357,0,0,6118,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,2,1,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM",0,"NUCLEAR",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-17867,0,0,12090,0,0,369001,0,0,767911,0,0,765246,0,0,157494,0,0,-5523,0,0,-7400,0,0,-4042,0,0,-4499,0,0,-4002,0,0,-3638,0,0,2410,3,52414,"UR","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,2,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BAYONNE 1",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-19,40,3837,74,282,453,-9,0,453,-44,0,1097,-18,0,3930,-2,0,3930,252,805,3125,134,585,2744,-24,0,3373,-42,0,3744,0,26,3744,-33,25,3898,2397,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2112,0,0,-2514,3702,0,8759,159907,0,3706,93882,0,82739,754972,0,167861,1271630,0,281448,2131152,0,334990,2488678,0,184434,1379778,0,154884,1248547,0,151551,1232638,0,151368,1176288,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,21622,0,0,21622,0,0,38592,0,0,38592,0,0,61623,2310,3197,102565,0,0,118429,0,0,118396,3765,5367,113029,4832,7091,116664,465,652,117805,2398,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,3,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BERGEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-13,0,0,0,0,0,-6,664,0,-6,644,0,-9,0,0,0,0,0,347,35845,0,505,5090,0,0,0,0,-7,0,0,-7,0,0,-8,0,0,2398,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,922,1740,0,1014,1683,0,707,1131,0,668,1366,0,0,0,0,911,1528,0,1631,2761,0,200,501,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,9046,15688,55522,11250,17153,88452,0,0,88452,0,0,88452,-534,0,88437,2949,4515,83916,25958,40320,43596,1803,5025,88868,-545,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-541,0,88868,-573,0,88868,2399,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,1176,2221,83444,10436,17314,64340,158,253,93381,55,114,91811,-75,14,91811,57,96,90581,102,173,81026,4040,11276,88868,-82,16,87601,-75,58,86367,29,348,84382,4578,8912,83631,2399,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,60222,642634,0,62039,580691,0,60695,548854,0,9404,108237,0,42361,363894,0,31693,299006,0,63357,605299,0,60174,537745,0,21155,187254,0,17575,158420,0,24156,217635,0,18363,172905,0,2399,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,6,2,131,5,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","BURLINGTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",894,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,144,235,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2399,3,52414,"FO2","CT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,152,366,106308,281,513,105795,252,403,105392,7,135,105257,0,0,105257,88,644,104610,675,1783,102827,687,1976,100851,0,0,110803,0,0,110803,126,444,110359,742,2206,108153,2400,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,7,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","EDISON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-33,582,0,70,992,0,-80,345,0,0,0,0,-162,750,0,0,0,0,3046,44211,0,2441,36716,0,-100,537,0,120,3310,0,89,2079,0,28,428,0,2400,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,112211,4598,10660,104446,0,0,104446,0,0,103802,0,0,96326,4,10,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,91990,0,0,112914,2,185,112914,234,400,112327,894,2118,110210,2401,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,8,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","ESSEX",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,20171,250330,0,38746,466002,0,28312,330527,0,6195,75506,0,7086,87770,0,17745,236062,0,65291,864255,0,62756,803138,0,18682,243317,0,3599,40505,0,3163,40505,0,1420,2118,0,2401,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,4,9,0,4,9,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,11188,21576,147242,40039,87268,59974,0,0,59974,158,379,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,13064,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,-2401,3164,109182,2403,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,6,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,239403,0,0,239403,46093,19713,219690,82549,35226,208484,158939,68702,225010,141427,62425,162585,235608,99546,193639,263396,110928,173063,10310,4383,258904,0,0,349753,57703,21908,369380,339660,132744,293504,2403,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30599,362930,0,7194,97478,0,122788,1378604,0,43966,500739,0,16188,203737,0,20750,232325,0,137870,1458255,0,96187,1102638,0,1254,45160,0,-3375,2793,0,356,3383,0,1493,16683,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,119,251,352215,256,609,34606,-63,0,34606,-54,0,34597,-48,0,34597,0,0,34597,1239,2320,32262,396,2283,29962,-50,0,29962,-46,0,29962,-55,0,29962,-71,0,29959,2403,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,13,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","HUDSON",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,7,103,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,38,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2403,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,47,160,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2404,3,52414,"FO2","ST" 22,34,1,2,3,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-1419,0,47358,3162,9747,46218,-1264,0,46218,-811,0,43218,-763,0,46218,2322,7151,47602,25660,53229,45133,22324,46979,41775,-837,0,41775,-758,0,41755,-1135,0,41775,-1308,0,46698,2404,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,375,941,65441,656,2205,61502,0,175,60444,-48,459,59831,-54,459,66419,-11,40,64109,2241,5425,58552,1592,6227,53502,-37,0,73227,-117,0,73054,-84,226,71810,-19,331,69761,2404,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,16,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","KEARNY",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,778,10891,0,531,10070,0,-183,586,0,-132,928,0,-131,324,0,1324,24641,0,4064,67350,0,6293,99804,0,-119,0,0,-6,0,0,-8,139,0,-23,0,0,2404,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-2975,0,169370,18699,47791,121579,1724,8149,41900,-1941,0,88431,-2550,0,88431,1771,15138,11078,59268,130643,95281,51534,115049,125814,-2711,0,128815,-1641,0,126134,-2551,10434,115700,-1747,0,115700,2406,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,26,253,53370,313,1361,52009,448,1157,50882,3498,6627,44255,6478,14170,30085,0,0,30085,0,0,30085,564,1160,28925,0,0,49924,-37,195,49604,202,372,49037,451,1756,51571,2406,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,18,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","LINDEN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-96,0,0,43,2616,0,3961,49847,0,1854,18696,0,15141,180135,0,13553,160573,0,33255,393680,0,32192,409006,0,8666,121819,0,8374,103539,0,3980,41596,0,1468,15561,0,2406,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,2,6,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"BIT COAL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,260338,90961,263541,283481,98338,252219,105820,38401,312566,69927,25278,364038,58034,23857,399943,121372,47152,419711,144178,55677,392291,111773,44297,360087,169493,64917,301841,40666,17201,334307,135703,47712,346850,209008,71876,359245,2408,3,52414,"BIT","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,15072,160572,0,10698,100608,0,12860,134613,0,17393,171693,0,23606,242604,0,33578,373796,0,130882,1357300,0,110572,1186167,0,12727,142016,0,7184,77196,0,1387,12188,0,362,30224,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,58,452,0,99,166,0,-80,45,0,-80,22,0,-90,0,0,-84,0,0,174,1003,0,1250,2375,0,-74,0,0,-89,0,0,-86,0,0,65,504,0,2408,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,22,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","MERCER",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,11,107,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,23,252,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2408,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,24,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","NATIONAL PK",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-7,0,2850,-5,0,2850,-6,0,168,-6,0,167,-7,0,1390,-6,0,3548,-6,0,3548,33,67,3481,-6,0,3481,3,25,3456,2,22,3434,-6,0,3434,2409,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,2,3,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"HEAVY OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,915,2021,98313,16425,33366,104241,341,778,103613,0,0,103613,1016,2372,101241,0,0,101241,128,279,100962,2211,4787,96175,4969,9343,86832,2764,7861,78971,2025,6536,72435,11423,30324,105394,2411,3,52414,"FO6","ST" 22,34,1,2,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,30968,435199,0,63113,771440,0,13222,183529,0,3478,58360,0,10032,124996,0,30077,426413,0,86401,1129748,0,69754,958979,0,7865,101861,0,-868,15021,0,1354,26896,0,943,15389,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","ST" 22,34,1,4,2,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,51,704,34543,121,263,34280,-71,0,34280,-133,0,34280,-130,0,34280,-22,30,38575,438,1523,37052,831,2943,34109,-123,0,34109,-124,0,34109,23,82,34027,80,208,33819,2411,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,1,4,9,131,25,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SEWAREN",0,"NAT GAS",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,2,31,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,16,0,0,0,0,2411,3,52414,"NG","GT" 22,34,1,4,2,131,27,"PUBLIC SERV ELEC & GAS CO","SALEM JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",15477,"0M",1294,,,95,-18,3,16640,85,264,16528,-5,49,16528,-14,28,17721,-15,0,17581,0,0,17581,398,125,32262,152,455,31807,-6,0,16295,2764,7861,78971,-14,0,14970,54,170,12261,2410,3,52414,"FO2","GT" 22,34,5,2,3,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"HEAVY OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,24261,803,2139,23900,486,1664,22238,294,1029,21209,2656,6649,16338,890,2102,21318,4629,11673,9645,3246,7549,10200,0,0,10347,0,0,10397,0,0,10320,2429,6628,6595,2434,3,53140,"FO6","ST" 22,34,5,2,6,645,1,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","HOWARD DOWN",0,"BIT COAL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,7844,4284,7953,7472,4143,6788,3415,1988,9938,0,0,9849,2186,1111,8737,7260,3928,6843,6950,3861,9709,3584,3042,7673,388,209,9251,1581,798,8709,5259,2954,5755,3724,2035,5931,2434,3,53140,"BIT","ST" 22,34,5,4,2,645,10,"VINELAND (CITY OF)","WEST",0,"LIGHT OIL",19856,"0M",1294,,,95,74,199,9430,353,887,8543,45,128,8417,0,0,8417,0,0,8417,315,901,7389,2079,6227,5808,2543,5808,3568,151,900,3206,36,73,3061,6,80,2981,129,339,2818,6776,3,53140,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,1,52,1,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,17240,0,0,-6300,0,0,367420,0,0,596300,0,0,615700,0,0,589500,0,0,604900,0,0,561482,0,0,591490,0,0,614130,0,0,582150,0,0,452460,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,52,2,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","B VALLEY",0,"NUCLEAR",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,610052,0,0,558397,0,0,377306,0,0,-2502,0,0,358108,0,0,592883,0,0,609130,0,0,296500,0,0,598381,0,0,622939,0,0,557126,0,0,601216,0,0,6040,1,50827,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,355392,137291,317861,331090,126419,307477,249582,96410,291500,17430,8507,318494,299247,119774,288017,339756,132948,261655,256633,102182,276100,296500,118467,263069,297357,118900,201464,311698,126308,186349,351416,139379,173501,306740,121467,188856,8226,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,52,5,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","CHESWICK",0,"NAT GAS",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1427,13928,0,331,3531,0,1002,9220,0,1172,14418,0,1806,18532,0,1364,13508,0,1549,14158,0,2639,26716,0,2701,26104,0,1881,19412,0,1411,14459,0,1232,12044,0,8226,1,50827,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,1941,3768,1508,1330,2779,1204,1589,3262,979,1253,2681,1633,1006,2112,1445,803,1634,1382,1389,3062,1487,1368,2719,1591,1136,2443,1644,986,1991,1570,898,1981,1539,1195,2526,782,3098,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,13,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","ELRAMA",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,240736,111790,172599,220356,101044,171860,197080,90684,191628,207597,94541,190808,200161,89633,171686,159939,73949,169611,197010,95313,150545,226664,107371,139013,188236,90982,151708,97661,45101,189092,223530,101521,181601,237771,106889,154459,3098,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,52,15,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","F PHILLIPS",0,"BIT COAL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3099,1,50827,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,,,95,-733,567,24237,-801,692,23545,-848,9,23536,-662,220,23316,-662,0,23316,-579,460,22856,1005,4706,18150,5198,15710,17539,-587,0,19993,-604,0,19993,-808,0,19993,-777,582,20583,3096,1,50827,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,5,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CC" 23,42,1,6,2,52,27,"DUQUESNE LGT CO","BRUNOT ILND",0,"LIGHT OIL",5487,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3096,1,50827,"FO2","CT" 23,42,1,2,1,100,1,"GPU NUCLEAR CORP","3 MI ISLAND",0,"NUCLEAR",7423,"0M",1294,,,95,611412,0,0,552321,0,0,609022,0,0,586279,0,0,599986,0,0,573186,0,0,584601,0,0,586748,0,0,144888,0,0,338797,0,0,590553,0,0,610193,0,0,8011,3,58850,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,114,15,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","YORK HAVEN",0,,12390,"0M",1294,,,95,8890,0,0,9724,0,0,12867,0,0,10005,0,0,12383,0,0,12781,0,0,10950,0,0,1654,0,0,3141,0,0,8336,0,0,12409,0,0,9435,0,0,3117,3,54020,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,114,24,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HAMILTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,0,44,4643,342,858,4499,38,102,4397,28,68,4330,-2,0,4330,0,0,4330,432,1398,2932,1179,2884,2369,143,356,3085,0,0,3085,47,129,3491,190,511,4606,3109,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,44,117,8244,904,2365,9808,139,361,9448,53,150,8583,0,1,8583,0,0,8582,1,3,8579,16,42,8895,2,7,9067,19,50,9017,7,22,8995,281,706,8304,3110,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,25,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","HUNTERSTOWN",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1133,17680,0,1048,17830,0,7,180,0,729,13320,0,504,8500,0,1339,19320,0,3546,41940,0,6556,84500,0,3434,53290,0,1503,23470,0,1262,20430,0,1780,27282,0,3110,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,71,188,6429,964,2523,5157,48,126,5031,4,12,5912,0,0,5912,0,1,5911,0,2,5910,0,0,5910,36,175,5913,0,0,6270,0,2,6804,367,1234,6575,3111,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,27,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","MOUNTAIN",0,"NATURAL G",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,297,5940,0,476,8360,0,443,6390,0,469,7770,0,208,3710,0,328,5630,0,1743,26610,0,3541,53620,0,894,14500,0,170,2840,0,572,8810,0,1301,18260,0,3111,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,31,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","ORRTANNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,48,116,4401,346,875,4418,88,218,4200,26,66,4135,0,0,4135,0,0,4135,593,1575,2917,1316,3402,1824,159,409,2667,26,65,3674,0,7,5453,229,581,4898,3112,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,1210,2219,56721,612,1085,51313,671,1307,49944,1587,3013,45429,432,812,42830,190,349,41500,955,1701,39591,434,783,37499,499,951,35882,161,335,60358,2066,4127,57233,222,397,56872,3113,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,132808,53399,109521,182821,71489,66961,66747,28478,108572,54477,22914,130642,57698,23989,150827,144768,58703,134821,179344,71804,85267,178789,70856,51093,83228,35019,46481,11852,5425,93489,58689,25583,120272,183470,71507,85462,3113,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,77,142,2671,1704,3020,3973,50,98,3938,790,1501,3938,951,1787,3938,662,1215,3705,281,501,3412,727,1310,3410,2125,4049,3409,1,3,3407,122,245,3406,1839,3288,3291,3113,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,32,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","PORTLAND",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,7,72,0,1596,15661,0,2973,32178,0,2051,22130,0,3978,42351,0,12035,125176,0,33248,336088,0,28922,295790,0,5224,56353,0,750,8818,0,2029,22553,0,597,5955,0,3113,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,34,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","SHAWNEE",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73,171,6099,265,687,6483,16,27,6472,20,60,6412,44,112,6301,35,90,6211,135,371,5839,869,2245,3594,68,177,3417,0,0,4845,68,117,5622,0,0,5679,3114,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,102,198,885,73,138,926,387,772,869,487,933,1186,472,874,1205,168,334,1228,294,559,1026,220,409,617,291,530,803,369,699,998,321,614,560,227,431,880,3115,3,54020,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"BIT COAL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,73788,31030,99475,51570,21149,100003,47245,20126,101173,38103,15904,107895,66063,26455,103387,95872,40846,84743,118659,48529,57453,118052,46687,37871,105060,41177,26170,83805,34936,50826,103029,42373,57757,128752,52966,41217,3115,3,54020,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,58,114,4000,793,1492,4117,0,0,4117,1,2,4115,0,0,4115,4,8,4106,65,124,3983,133,248,3983,0,0,3983,131,248,3734,20,39,3695,0,0,3755,3115,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,114,35,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TITUS",0,"NAT GAS",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,53,575,0,23,240,0,80,890,0,60,640,0,52,541,0,22,250,0,1587,16770,0,2936,30250,0,319,3230,0,110,1190,0,149,1590,0,5,60,0,3115,3,54020,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,114,38,"METROPOLITAN EDISON CO","TOLNA",0,"LIGHT OIL",12390,"0M",1294,,,95,68,175,6400,563,1516,6278,90,224,6054,0,1,6053,0,0,6053,0,0,6053,759,2033,4020,2323,6134,2677,164,447,5438,64,349,6339,62,101,6238,114,281,6229,3116,3,54020,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,514,827,5361,559,930,4122,454,736,6813,810,1319,5181,459,747,4344,78,121,4153,878,1456,2385,538,892,3017,74,121,5479,0,0,5356,3148,5217,7748,383,627,6559,3118,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1122156,419851,722958,925303,359096,640938,1076935,406220,574117,992331,375372,600365,1073542,404411,660222,1082614,409954,586984,1087889,419782,543363,1144736,439047,524854,727433,274855,587632,579871,221827,735222,799742,308937,733868,1107177,421853,608881,3118,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1516,13798,0,1026,9654,0,566,5184,0,1707,15719,0,1710,15719,0,264,2319,0,2347,22035,0,3446,32313,0,452,4120,0,258,2408,0,2434,22766,0,571,5283,0,3118,3,54025,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,1,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","CONMAUGH JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,59,96,0,34,57,0,59,97,0,181,295,0,54,89,0,45,71,0,187,311,0,146,243,0,46,75,0,31,52,0,78,130,0,46,76,0,3118,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,1,,133,5,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","PINEY",0,,14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,7087,0,0,2980,0,0,8315,0,0,7025,0,0,7405,0,0,7866,0,0,1807,0,0,900,0,0,618,0,0,1506,0,0,5259,0,0,4760,0,0,3124,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,1,,133,13,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SENECA JO",0,"C-PUMPSTG",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-18038,60718,0,-12762,44459,0,-13759,53339,0,-14476,46086,0,-10189,43886,0,-20535,71955,0,-32632,124316,0,-31819,130160,0,-23462,98242,0,-26851,110227,0,-17180,96885,0,-19235,101307,0,8225,3,54025,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,9,133,17,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BLOSSBURG",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-5,0,0,248,3769,0,-4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,502,7485,0,846,9556,0,243,7354,0,-5,0,0,-4,0,0,-4,0,0,3120,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,724,1106,10724,239,368,10825,1397,2089,8613,678,1026,8717,2469,3709,5517,3227,5084,7324,1158,1765,5736,474,737,6933,1569,3909,7274,769,1187,8528,7523,12170,9104,4070,6343,6965,3122,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,25,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","HOMER CTYJO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1185616,454082,568142,1188794,455176,479305,1210546,457862,391125,1087359,409749,340123,685495,258590,520058,1050104,414471,562956,1147586,445483,356766,1213094,474606,228657,448257,271599,331273,758425,290978,460056,823682,334855,431770,991225,388795,409243,3122,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,662,1281,675,306,595,618,281,535,616,145,261,535,122,305,409,432,940,535,285,552,414,274,531,585,416,789,657,463,878,671,432,834,724,340,657,600,3130,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,45,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SEWARD",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101596,46820,104963,110101,50567,86392,110470,50520,76721,54307,23628,78208,29270,17347,91227,52721,27510,83682,115539,53769,77789,119322,55517,67991,102723,46904,73094,107866,49063,74467,105367,48397,85472,116951,53923,61526,3130,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1123,1920,8833,2602,4605,6882,3250,5700,8490,1312,2317,8459,872,1542,9545,917,1633,7965,912,1584,7411,1122,2141,8065,1665,3195,7890,1607,2973,8086,2444,4275,8035,3504,6399,6379,3131,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,269348,109338,102763,256827,107901,105884,326710,136132,96046,350160,145852,80632,328883,137262,84982,336010,141689,79617,350851,144610,79435,304942,138068,76369,248206,112475,83476,317261,138069,65107,346273,142913,61290,323453,141293,48123,3131,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,48,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","SHAWVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,31,54,764,42,75,689,26,47,797,22,39,757,20,37,721,29,52,669,42,74,740,203,388,705,22,43,662,24,46,763,18,32,731,24,44,819,3131,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,101,246,375,38,94,281,58,147,313,65,158,336,29,123,391,38,93,297,45,104,725,30,76,657,8,20,637,47,126,511,41,109,402,38,97,482,3132,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,23223,13460,34201,30943,18008,26672,17000,10379,34033,20947,11998,35372,16865,16419,30837,28698,16502,23133,35556,19496,14235,32084,18799,17943,18322,10742,21117,17556,10786,25392,16779,10295,31120,32207,19202,23049,3132,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2,7,9205,924,2260,9835,124,314,9521,0,1,9519,94,389,9130,154,374,8757,2078,4788,7154,3447,8693,6033,514,1272,7934,0,0,7934,105,276,7658,393,986,9466,3132,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,9,133,60,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WARREN",0,"NAT GAS",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,0,10,0,0,10,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3132,3,54025,"NG","GT" 23,42,1,3,2,133,75,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","BENTON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,"R",250,95,-3,0,0,-2,0,0,-3,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3119,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,133,87,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","WAYNE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,-99,18,20263,508,1505,18758,-92,0,18758,-86,0,18758,-70,1,18757,-54,0,18757,1349,3469,15288,3798,9355,11397,490,1027,13199,-52,0,13199,141,1098,14037,154,691,18031,3134,3,54025,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,2244,3690,6503,1272,2084,8137,0,0,8969,4533,7554,9207,714,1204,9434,965,1623,9346,2145,3684,9013,3083,5243,9005,923,1553,9324,753,1254,8496,1264,2066,8810,0,0,8724,3136,3,54025,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"BIT COAL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,1102214,423987,311858,582793,225211,453587,563417,222247,605342,809149,315890,648804,1078337,426399,648546,1084349,429852,601163,1034268,420581,454702,938657,378854,582342,1033031,410618,649687,1088547,426659,795799,1058746,408591,711979,1180880,456067,560683,3136,3,54025,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,133,90,"PENNSYLVANIA ELEC CO","KEYSTONE JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14711,"0M",1294,,250,95,349,575,0,349,573,0,34,59,0,204,341,0,100,170,0,35,60,0,207,356,0,870,1480,0,155,262,0,66,110,0,178,291,0,46,86,0,3136,3,54025,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,157,295,104,61,118,158,276,532,107,184,352,158,327,657,138,250,493,138,176,344,140,152,297,106,171,327,131,192,372,116,117,218,145,156,288,161,3138,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,167856,72057,99647,154279,67443,98213,130534,58811,77871,125682,55847,86191,67772,31976,90113,98557,45757,95531,118202,53998,90022,140629,64008,74786,116270,52148,73949,88872,40250,91385,140709,61724,82726,150687,61716,63171,3138,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,135,1,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","NEW CASTLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,22,56,1012,6,7,1012,7,22,863,1,3,991,4,9,875,1,7,1095,68,120,980,348,650,769,21,48,895,12,25,914,9,4,978,1,5,846,3138,1,52289,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1007,1692,29171,723,1155,27861,1506,2563,20232,2103,3540,37005,3377,5991,30895,1363,2382,49447,1396,2364,47084,1578,2757,44327,1128,2011,40209,852,1442,3868,625,1076,37528,5978,10675,26852,6094,1,52289,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,135,12,"PENNSYLVANIA POWER CO","MANSFLD JO",0,"BIT COAL",14716,"0M",1294,,,95,1000025,404047,691181,900788,348267,715644,764097,314521,842427,1018498,413184,894368,1102944,466816,876286,1268001,530524,794307,1358940,556273,756092,1346419,567300,719388,816664,349651,802659,889136,365870,922037,897824,373667,888666,766127,330985,1035343,6094,1,52289,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,1,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,784581,0,0,707744,0,0,597267,0,0,-6623,0,0,455272,0,0,764570,0,0,800626,0,0,807866,0,0,781516,0,0,816456,0,0,256044,0,0,663200,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,137,2,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUSQUEHANNA",0,"NUCLEAR",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,819260,0,0,744537,0,0,809836,0,0,572523,0,0,800757,0,0,763767,0,0,784244,0,0,790491,0,0,327567,0,0,158303,0,0,801099,0,0,820399,0,0,6103,3,52288,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,63368,0,0,44815,0,0,66767,0,0,61784,0,0,47914,0,0,44060,0,0,38745,0,0,15029,0,0,8892,0,0,3395,0,0,54454,0,0,52183,0,0,3145,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,293,307,92,564,453,76,299,502,6,12,486,9,103,375,64,316,412,48,185,402,32,69,513,156,340,542,105,324,374,44,96,457,71,158,639,3145,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,16657,10967,92177,28295,20094,81874,38352,28374,83310,37995,26901,93553,28887,20504,97262,21957,15483,110941,27038,19535,107719,38254,26848,105902,36692,25935,106839,27783,20333,110563,38411,27438,93901,40473,29360,79473,3145,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,8,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HOLTWOOD",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5600,3687,7954,10386,7347,6463,12376,9136,6569,13390,9479,6750,10455,7419,8863,7778,5469,5689,9256,6676,3115,13170,9235,2168,11989,8438,3400,7495,5464,2289,8623,7102,1550,11704,5956,0,3145,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,1,,137,14,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WALLENPAUPK",0,,14715,"0M",1294,,,95,12278,0,0,38773,0,0,4171,0,0,-24207,0,0,735,0,0,560,0,0,5204,0,0,2717,0,0,244,0,0,24,0,0,11908,0,0,11545,0,0,3153,3,52288,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,4,2,137,15,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","ALLENTOWN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,64,195,4597,200,523,4444,0,0,4446,40,90,4355,0,0,4356,122,333,4024,199,561,4006,2797,7611,4017,44,168,4389,12,34,4355,0,0,4351,134,369,4531,3139,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5215,9667,5220,2811,6985,2945,2623,7457,4341,1006,3274,4688,1673,5855,4747,623,3511,4635,1145,3027,3800,192,491,4638,1850,4455,1752,956,1998,4421,1497,3195,3955,6348,15226,4765,3140,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,726861,278333,624176,797416,299207,615563,638681,243796,659948,618218,235042,726562,483331,182515,843219,636052,246917,774595,729927,280541,565746,770922,293672,454478,661164,258193,418744,632910,240757,448356,500569,201629,451028,542332,211139,476821,3140,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,20,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","BRUNNER ISL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,43,75,0,27,35,0,29,50,0,11,33,0,29,50,0,27,47,0,38,66,0,41,123,0,30,52,0,27,47,0,21,37,0,28,47,0,3140,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,26,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","FISHBACH",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2203,37,115,2088,0,0,2076,11,33,2043,0,0,2039,16,52,1987,102,265,2080,1274,3289,1978,63,218,2105,0,0,2095,0,0,2105,13,33,2071,3142,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,28,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2216,83,240,2157,0,0,2152,44,152,2171,0,0,2171,13,61,2272,289,883,2098,1064,3093,1958,134,415,2230,60,205,2217,0,0,2217,0,0,2208,3144,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,29,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","HARRISBURG",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4184,328,916,4530,0,0,4528,34,103,4425,7,31,4394,111,326,4426,221,659,4486,3286,9229,3610,329,960,4424,0,0,4424,8,0,4410,101,283,4486,3143,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,1397,3966,1367,1654,3961,905,487,1818,1153,845,3118,1197,886,4111,1282,1222,4052,1400,1679,4825,803,2026,5349,775,303,753,1408,633,2680,1365,1511,3919,1485,2510,5735,1078,3148,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"HEAVY OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,3313,20105,1792976,137098,246817,1537637,4594,16136,1518993,7837,26024,1486208,0,0,1482804,46574,94076,1387076,225007,410380,970823,241933,469387,1094662,32635,57250,1132457,11373,23775,1505839,59422,125764,1590347,265457,506756,1125474,3148,3,52288,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,77736,33553,94127,107453,45145,78631,33245,15373,94972,56476,25532,79013,56350,25210,63411,56558,24356,57931,77903,34985,45157,72539,34251,53601,19134,10553,62015,28384,12765,56271,68305,31511,46146,107135,53235,34362,3148,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,19,33,0,53,92,0,70,124,0,63,90,0,15,57,0,18,30,0,7,12,0,39,74,0,10,20,0,7,13,0,4,7,0,20,9,0,3148,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,32,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MARTINS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,5154,253,713,4491,0,0,4487,23,66,4408,0,0,4408,97,271,4056,301,924,3141,2928,8451,3433,332,1023,4044,0,0,4797,34,92,6619,47,134,6156,3148,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,34,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","JENKINS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,2287,49,143,2325,0,0,2326,12,59,2267,0,0,2265,0,0,2261,285,831,1773,1377,3617,2093,62,169,2280,17,50,2230,0,0,2177,0,0,2170,3146,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,36,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","LOCK HAVEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,2,17,2072,0,0,2072,0,0,2071,0,0,2072,0,0,2231,19,50,2181,47,187,2160,309,776,1940,29,62,2234,0,0,2233,0,0,2229,0,0,2223,3147,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,5284,3061,15269,1120,9829,7128,603,1538,7267,606,3951,8198,13,2000,6913,5227,30521,8337,1368,7253,4923,878,2071,5843,1573,7626,7055,7633,17598,7723,1969,8730,7062,7059,10859,7500,3149,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,38,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","MONTOUR",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,847074,335924,519372,875346,340631,445625,780698,304571,380887,372505,141113,452083,435583,162563,503087,625764,248102,531404,836431,328954,481373,911902,352540,306054,690630,264412,407406,817637,314073,299288,838531,328858,291789,880367,352324,220532,3149,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,120,1018,953,89,415,868,270,1417,1025,212,1169,913,362,1349,784,121,240,1084,94,305,938,95,427,967,167,1398,1038,316,896,961,315,1038,893,516,1056,864,3152,3,52288,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,59791,48178,418732,52800,43904,407593,42379,34783,387855,56229,44534,380823,54876,44151,401119,43071,35250,457310,34960,27900,513983,38518,30044,586494,54062,41683,635399,58158,44699,652259,58144,45249,613424,56311,42856,591156,3152,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,5,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"COKE",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,32080,14266,18014,37875,17579,8930,34489,14591,2989,39190,17032,15602,35966,15206,24516,28052,11818,24368,21736,9175,21882,27009,11174,25559,37827,15339,20820,35544,14870,22116,40820,17176,11347,43815,18422,22426,3152,3,52288,"PC","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"BIT COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,38602,20937,145827,50229,27422,136935,127350,62833,126363,110076,53702,131074,110470,54187,128876,117078,56381,126273,137002,67568,99984,129986,64144,93470,121920,58717,95585,117436,55949,93435,118781,56941,78649,145641,68789,57848,3152,3,52288,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,29,54,0,17,32,0,22,41,0,12,22,0,18,33,0,15,28,0,10,19,0,41,76,0,14,26,0,21,39,0,16,30,0,15,28,0,3152,3,52288,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,137,40,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","SUNBURY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4196,0,0,4357,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,0,0,4367,12,34,4284,56,161,4122,1269,3772,3896,136,375,4425,0,0,4425,0,0,4304,59,188,4116,3152,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,41,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WEST SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1981,146,397,2124,0,0,2125,23,63,2063,0,0,2063,27,85,2157,93,275,2060,1581,3944,1664,97,247,1948,0,0,1948,0,0,1943,0,0,1936,3154,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,137,42,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","WILLIAMPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,11,25,2095,108,303,2299,33,89,2120,24,80,2130,0,0,1062,31,83,2085,166,469,2282,1685,4637,1796,229,615,2348,0,1,2347,0,0,2347,47,129,2218,3155,3,52288,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,4,137,44,"PENNSYLVANIA PWR & LGT CO","COAL STORAG",0,"ANTH COAL",14715,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,4326102,0,0,4287048,0,0,4250306,0,0,4192077,0,0,4116068,0,0,4024607,0,0,3949307,0,0,3858966,0,0,3770991,0,0,3712178,0,0,3655315,0,0,3627389,8805,3,52288,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,1,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,758738,0,0,649503,0,0,788638,0,0,741991,0,0,644273,0,0,749037,0,0,735331,0,0,472319,0,0,293869,0,0,781359,0,0,758883,0,0,774008,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","LIMERICK",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,305997,0,0,145495,0,0,841460,0,0,792169,0,0,828631,0,0,759339,0,0,812705,0,0,648469,0,0,793584,0,0,839715,0,0,794719,0,0,838665,0,0,6105,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,2,1,144,2,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,835865,0,0,758077,0,0,833805,0,0,783656,0,0,813085,0,0,767048,0,0,814131,0,0,781700,0,0,787889,0,0,812587,0,0,755502,0,0,620649,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,1,,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","MUDDY RUN",0,"P-PUMPSTG",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,-58588,197635,0,-48050,161907,0,-57936,201052,0,-62063,184331,0,-54454,193555,0,-64502,219733,0,-77254,238571,0,-71435,248510,0,-71632,228867,0,-151911,225998,0,-140643,200522,0,-140747,207063,0,3164,3,52304,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,1,144,3,"PECO ENERGY CO","PEACHBOTTOM",0,"NUCLEAR",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,777483,0,0,711496,0,0,640321,0,0,740258,0,0,699846,0,0,588449,0,0,497410,0,0,423621,0,0,284823,0,0,314451,0,0,800042,0,0,695148,0,0,3166,3,52304,"UR","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,10,"PECO ENERGY CO","CHESTER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,40,143,6303,283,871,5973,4,13,5960,0,0,5960,0,0,5960,134,251,5709,1965,3097,5088,2547,9094,4622,135,622,5417,6,46,5371,9,117,5615,0,0,5615,3157,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,552,1065,739,136,247,742,559,972,675,596,1108,639,800,1555,694,542,1023,717,107,204,786,442,846,656,532,1027,700,390,751,648,1349,2625,514,669,1263,679,3159,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2359,4204,37192,40300,66566,38230,6132,9753,28477,2439,4170,38531,1755,3147,35384,2326,3992,31392,2427,4219,27173,2684,4698,32767,5362,9562,23250,2962,5168,40075,2887,5164,35070,3164,5422,36172,3159,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,74489,31603,37801,84553,33984,30569,59404,28393,32942,68130,28446,39783,56042,24391,55616,62095,25757,51736,68743,28828,37015,81385,34554,29542,73288,31653,35675,82081,34906,31898,75734,32689,34891,88164,36436,31030,3159,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,71643,785884,0,61834,634083,0,79727,785913,0,51172,541950,0,54177,597370,0,81502,865110,0,111181,1192120,0,110008,1192120,0,68568,752990,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,69,740,0,3159,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,18,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROMBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,425,2,5,382,1,2,380,1,3,377,0,0,377,0,1,376,6,13,363,0,0,363,2,5,358,0,0,358,3,6,352,0,0,352,3159,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,2,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,83,167,285,230,443,159,379,1037,262,0,1258,270,63,112,285,407,948,313,503,939,296,248,512,251,125,311,303,0,535,306,0,1886,292,1548,3097,274,3160,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7566,13842,54536,40968,72617,57755,6149,15501,61363,-988,853,60510,1023,1674,58836,10372,22370,60784,73226,125872,59240,61586,116298,48551,3817,8670,64382,-880,0,64382,-848,109,64273,42071,77005,46160,3160,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,4,8,0,6,12,0,0,0,0,8,4,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,5,12,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3,6,0,0,0,0,3160,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,20,"PECO ENERGY CO","DELAWARE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,14,29,4606,471,908,4510,16,46,5120,42,103,4834,0,0,5221,137,321,4998,1693,3157,5919,4022,8277,4823,175,434,5097,11,64,4495,0,0,4139,3,6,3960,3160,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2860,5785,8309,7265,14150,6730,691,1392,5338,656,1353,6842,1090,2439,5446,1497,2992,3502,265,545,7647,1122,2234,5367,200,403,4943,1397,2645,5855,940,1740,11279,4634,8834,12016,3161,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,28189,52308,219884,149450,269038,232369,3289,6168,226201,212,405,225796,779,1602,224194,12605,22920,225716,34139,63954,190796,58828,107390,228949,6004,24353,228406,13370,23208,205198,25814,43623,161575,159697,281810,186014,3161,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"BIT COAL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,230611,102377,114701,145600,63304,115351,142036,63132,95986,141196,64796,114142,75987,37394,136129,72749,31969,156190,38241,17251,161746,115645,50809,196139,101095,70609,237844,255413,106924,214128,279475,114586,204428,343647,144382,154263,3161,3,52304,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"NAT GAS",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,44577,509816,0,75572,836629,0,64058,732536,0,42770,502085,0,37425,473140,0,199205,2238826,0,248894,2876189,0,290649,3273871,0,116178,2028607,0,136486,1466691,0,26917,282787,0,17773,193338,0,3161,3,52304,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,23,"PECO ENERGY CO","EDDYSTONE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,88,179,7824,301,588,7236,23,47,7189,0,0,7189,59,133,7056,38,77,6979,2082,4276,7703,5802,11553,9393,213,2838,8159,40,77,8082,74,138,7944,162,310,8951,3161,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,3,144,25,"PECO ENERGY CO","OIL STORAGE",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8806,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,4,2,144,26,"PECO ENERGY CO","FALLS",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,6,16,10772,174,460,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,0,0,10312,323,626,9686,1716,2316,9307,2167,6952,8374,53,261,8289,8,112,8177,0,0,8503,0,0,8503,3162,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,27,"PECO ENERGY CO","MOSER",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,62,154,10920,416,1304,10329,2,7,10322,0,0,10322,0,0,10322,174,159,10163,2401,3681,8582,3033,9617,8076,165,385,7691,0,0,7691,49,1948,8854,0,0,8854,3163,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,30,"PECO ENERGY CO","RICHMOND",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,73,705,25225,1538,2518,24154,176,209,23945,0,0,23945,0,0,23945,546,1092,22853,7883,15050,19654,8358,22812,19604,1489,4282,16208,573,1391,19605,1780,4530,22192,2646,5558,20232,3168,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,2,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,10,31,177,29,55,282,0,13,330,0,0,58,5,32,173,21,41,260,32,63,204,31,64,224,0,0,285,0,0,204,0,13,117,174,366,292,3169,3,52304,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"HEAVY OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,2569,7049,0,27433,47982,0,-514,221,0,-442,0,0,787,4441,0,7540,12988,0,45149,79435,0,40737,74952,0,2171,4408,0,-450,0,0,-487,0,0,33696,64594,0,3169,3,52304,"FO6","ST" 23,42,1,3,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,0,11,21,0,1,6,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,4,9,0,2,8,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3169,3,52304,"FO2","IC" 23,42,1,4,2,144,35,"PECO ENERGY CO","SCHUYLKILL",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,0,0,4077,183,347,4272,0,0,4454,0,0,4454,16,102,4352,25,48,4304,1060,2033,4025,3086,6214,3655,57,113,3542,0,0,3542,0,0,4435,0,0,4435,3169,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,39,"PECO ENERGY CO","SOUTHWARK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,7,10,6164,245,786,6101,28,123,5978,0,0,5978,0,0,5978,21,33,5945,2299,3702,5765,2572,9427,4876,120,646,4593,9,18,4592,0,0,5461,12,32,5429,3170,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,4,2,144,62,"PECO ENERGY CO","CROYDON",0,"LIGHT OIL",14940,"0M",1294,,260,95,908,1378,96105,5368,13129,82976,1206,2774,80202,185,1674,78528,-30,449,78079,2904,7166,70913,28748,58359,102954,34047,90855,75978,5816,17011,58967,4006,14190,124677,9344,33758,90919,20108,59103,81811,8012,3,52304,"FO2","GT" 23,42,1,1,,166,1,"SAFE HARBOR WATERPOWER CO","SAFE HARBOR",0,,16537,"0M",1294,,,95,143384,0,0,59393,0,0,126476,0,0,89759,0,0,63828,0,0,55553,0,0,43077,0,0,14256,0,0,7655,0,0,60191,0,0,112079,0,0,82918,0,0,3175,3,52553,"WAT","HY" 23,42,1,2,2,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,513,820,149,94,161,167,202,328,185,435,618,244,11,18,226,1,2,224,140,230,170,0,0,170,514,892,135,73,127,175,21,35,140,24,41,99,3176,3,52988,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,4,182,5,"UNITED GAS IMP CO (THE)","HUNLOCK CRK",0,"ANTH COAL",19390,"0M",1294,,,95,22922,15408,12384,27213,18489,14764,29884,19399,26578,8930,5383,44202,31976,21379,41110,31087,20919,40663,28632,19193,37106,32217,21657,39145,28079,19274,38194,32138,21308,38517,32139,20464,33331,30924,20327,26649,3176,3,52988,"ANT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1137,2044,435,250,438,461,208,349,465,208,340,516,357,602,494,249,434,577,87,154,405,77,134,448,175,297,469,719,1212,478,755,1324,33,100,171,531,3178,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,1,"WEST PENN POWER CO","ARMSTRONG",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,116602,48997,133134,169087,69152,118235,94695,37329,143043,106738,41224,154005,90547,35992,160453,93589,37605,145126,109058,44341,133889,108429,43934,141795,50453,20094,155423,132983,52637,143306,163282,66595,118118,227115,90923,97838,3178,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,431,715,4466,429,677,4860,16,26,4860,109,176,5175,295,498,4642,232,393,4202,112,193,4003,116,200,3858,440,729,3846,625,1001,3653,200,324,4266,345,551,4530,3179,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,5,"WEST PENN POWER CO","HATFIELD",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,924993,349235,573422,796344,286253,580468,654622,239981,562743,652050,240234,569141,751057,287421,561772,807472,310567,503117,873489,338429,425399,814220,315517,429242,611272,228129,438816,665375,244419,472140,717809,264457,471668,976850,352523,470255,3179,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,2,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"LIGHT OIL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,1099,1660,62781,14264,26130,36652,9573,16358,20294,0,0,95,0,0,20294,0,0,20294,2975,5533,14761,9534,17307,37248,0,0,37248,370,623,36693,0,0,102,0,0,36712,3181,1,54030,"FO2","ST" 23,42,1,2,6,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"BIT COAL",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,133543,54702,81824,96423,41467,82859,153555,62524,77796,125039,49503,90740,49588,20363,93045,53622,23986,82955,92131,39751,72392,131370,55646,87997,44218,20045,99480,112797,45127,97501,86006,35430,95483,91125,37261,96203,3181,1,54030,"BIT","ST" 23,42,1,2,9,187,15,"WEST PENN POWER CO","MITCHELL",0,"NAT GAS",20387,"0M",1294,,71,95,997,8782,0,512,5468,0,649,6574,0,362,3518,0,98,1012,0,493,5639,0,384,4175,0,352,3732,0,608,6884,0,229,2287,0,632,6538,0,411,4215,0,3181,1,54030,"NG","ST" 23,42,1,2,3,187,25,"WEST PENN POWER CO","SPRINGDALE",0,"HEAVY OIL",20387,"0M",1294,"S",71,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,3182,1,54030,"FO6","ST" 23,42,8,1,,800,5,"ALLEGHENY ELECTRIC COOP","RAYSTOWN",0,,332,"0A",1294,,,95,10581,0,0,4872,0,0,10420,0,0,7145,0,0,9214,0,0,7292,0,0,7823,0,0,1871,0,0,1862,0,0,6232,0,0,13092,0,0,11263,0,0,7128,1,58500,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,2,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"LIGHT OIL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,1506,2512,16004,1987,3269,21891,793,1326,20561,810,1358,18998,750,1207,17783,5623,9537,7493,587,994,18460,1462,2531,15746,996,1682,14054,1293,2176,11850,586,984,10858,3751,6207,17605,2828,1,50359,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,30,5,"CARDINAL OPERATING CO","CARDINAL",0,"BIT COAL",3006,"0M",1294,,365,95,964403,385031,651565,952635,371878,631820,970861,386058,589923,907026,357640,591393,523077,201759,670651,745173,300966,631446,1013299,410501,467099,1010121,415926,370224,984185,397240,345127,996339,400914,397108,987234,392815,487317,940659,377797,434608,2828,1,50359,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,20,1175,6144,23,332,5811,9,35,5776,18,399,5377,0,0,5377,10,47,5330,233,987,4343,377,1342,3001,3,41,5373,8,49,5325,18,65,5260,1,7,5253,2831,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,1,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","DICKS CREEK",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,74,4943,0,-217,0,0,17,13,0,-138,563,0,-109,0,0,227,871,0,3843,78877,0,4803,89226,0,-34,0,0,-101,1423,0,240,6693,0,672,17724,0,2831,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1063,1868,0,520,909,0,1246,2193,0,616,1040,0,909,1575,0,1694,2920,0,83,148,0,648,1175,0,673,1200,0,1185,2032,0,1335,2313,0,1124,2076,0,2830,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,376000,158991,137317,393834,167236,139827,297378,127194,171002,437582,181317,177440,274678,116442,192793,481664,200911,197721,528583,228082,195580,602321,260506,195850,213081,91113,206835,487454,202145,200676,427365,176777,196004,493746,218176,193234,2830,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,2,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WC BECKJORD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,904,1589,30711,253,443,29179,30,54,26769,24,41,25499,30,53,23746,206,356,41971,10845,19305,22349,18056,32731,31385,523,933,29084,23,40,26796,38,67,23956,1551,2863,41821,2830,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,1008,1795,0,465,820,0,830,1457,0,436,757,0,862,1538,0,1665,3001,0,1804,3164,0,3368,6051,0,1292,2324,0,260,450,0,548,956,0,3202,5528,0,2832,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,637745,262491,294369,502865,207419,302760,559242,231277,318869,305741,124954,357678,414341,174583,369622,502174,211728,359534,599203,248510,325680,672906,285623,264937,557339,235511,249465,607306,250021,246891,553335,226505,248836,594845,241403,260437,2832,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,5,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","MIAMI FORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,184,328,29994,104,184,28839,51,90,27190,104,182,26060,90,161,23971,260,470,20424,2604,4567,34307,5930,10654,29284,0,0,26912,56,98,26221,132,231,25022,4,7,19483,2832,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"LIGHT OIL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,387,627,43117,405,662,42455,266,437,42018,446,721,41297,544,908,40390,5437,9067,40610,3869,6259,34351,2406,3947,30404,654,1074,29331,0,0,28641,10375,17945,31644,228,326,31318,6019,1,50556,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,43,10,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","W H ZIMMER",0,"BIT COAL",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,945287,364436,470303,860575,334587,468422,931671,360276,429932,905494,345488,449089,895923,353208,433131,685071,269191,462164,813824,313887,471999,817013,315668,465279,858265,326707,439814,-6015,0,440306,643755,258809,446427,954218,369625,445092,6019,1,50556,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"PROPANE",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,3264,17257,47281,251,6836,40445,206,1875,39359,655,3378,35981,0,2040,33941,765,1976,31965,599,1450,30515,128,307,30208,2,8,30200,22,122,30078,2291,8079,47000,9027,29590,47410,7158,1,50556,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,43,15,"CINCINNATI GAS ELEC CO","WOODSDALE",0,"NAT GAS",3542,"0M",1294,,210,95,150,4500,0,6,900,0,329,16900,0,549,16100,0,-24,5400,0,8444,123700,0,78223,1073891,0,127374,1732000,0,11241,209600,0,798,24900,0,8079,161217,0,5288,98400,0,7158,1,50556,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,1,47,1,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","PERRY",0,"NUCLEAR",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,876776,0,0,768903,0,0,819283,0,0,488364,0,0,856246,0,0,825532,0,0,844484,0,0,836109,0,0,563058,0,0,867378,0,0,562127,0,0,802040,0,0,6020,1,50587,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,42,104,847,0,0,847,118,290,165,18,45,836,36,88,1105,993,2435,781,1126,2764,920,735,1805,1069,508,1246,1250,554,1359,961,372,912,1126,318,78,1063,2835,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,5,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","ASHTABULA",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,52796,31491,71024,49964,29829,71024,55761,34212,70589,75864,42918,70589,57256,34078,70589,75393,41494,70589,152351,73482,69602,185535,87655,62911,92554,48842,63273,134786,62671,50375,152108,70363,39853,183631,84228,39391,2835,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,545,1336,12357,217,533,11823,334,820,11003,71,175,13126,623,1529,11274,103,252,10337,204,501,9328,209,514,12564,219,537,11551,455,1117,10529,439,1076,9330,211,518,8657,2836,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,418792,166008,147432,412531,162705,122460,424163,169344,131476,363532,138488,180398,251231,98651,203325,203947,82859,218224,353614,137703,162497,424161,173437,95914,388690,173071,75855,373672,144052,89758,227150,92153,101135,197850,84233,81208,2836,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,10,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","AVON",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-48,0,1833,46,308,1525,-44,0,1525,16,93,1432,-27,0,1432,51,171,1260,97,283,1453,726,2175,826,-20,0,1302,-23,0,1326,-40,0,1326,-55,0,1861,2836,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1497,3674,9572,911,2234,8964,764,1874,9624,751,1842,8674,1166,2861,7850,1418,3479,8310,853,2092,5787,966,2369,13472,911,2234,13178,758,1860,11437,682,1673,13358,1121,2750,10965,2837,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,563066,214828,125324,531721,201833,127529,552063,214200,127558,603752,229103,113946,476696,183152,148312,528305,201681,134280,545020,211638,133115,580108,227637,126504,418750,164875,155538,237147,95621,161064,619540,234785,116588,554005,216330,121544,2837,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,47,15,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","EASTLAKE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-26,411,1392,-34,64,1328,-7,96,1232,-39,0,1232,-17,48,1184,80,272,913,110,487,2330,416,1227,1642,-21,0,1642,-29,0,1642,-48,0,1642,-62,0,1642,2837,1,50587,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,1807,4433,0,1095,2687,0,655,1878,10867,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,822,2016,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,0,0,9030,2838,1,50587,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,3,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"HEAVY OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-1345,0,0,-1121,0,0,-1101,0,0,-967,0,0,-1013,0,0,-1144,0,0,-1177,0,0,-1109,0,0,-1101,0,0,-886,0,0,-1113,0,0,-1190,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO6","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,-2869,0,0,-2051,0,0,-8655,0,0,-1765,0,0,-1630,0,0,-1592,0,0,-1511,0,0,-680,0,0,-664,0,0,-785,0,0,-839,0,0,-939,0,0,2838,1,50587,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,47,20,"CLEVELAND ELEC ILLUM CO","LAKE SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",3755,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2838,1,50587,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,781,1346,11167,848,1487,10088,1527,2569,9973,647,1108,10480,1150,1863,10818,808,1412,11137,1992,3195,10638,911,1520,12206,2980,5206,7444,848,1360,7419,1411,2362,6092,1247,2194,6515,2840,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,5,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","CONESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,839897,361439,480236,776708,341510,409270,577474,241703,450938,516809,220156,545479,471259,188870,589930,540735,233443,590510,666114,292069,537443,960463,414977,380548,748475,319718,311923,775359,307972,333993,824448,339869,356943,594247,257598,411899,2840,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,77,157,318,80,151,162,0,0,158,0,0,163,0,0,150,271,581,410,67,164,258,153,329,279,86,168,293,52,109,355,102,206,330,71,149,354,2843,1,50633,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,50,15,"COLUMBUS SOUTHERN PWR CO","PICWAY",0,"BIT COAL",4062,"0M",1294,,369,95,24098,12576,18902,17338,8355,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,0,0,10547,12062,7059,8508,8499,5099,16411,33626,17892,7051,12493,6357,14305,11264,6148,20174,12256,6425,23762,14575,8110,25135,2843,1,50633,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,18,2118,30,55,1880,24,44,4879,67,123,5809,5,9,5601,0,0,8437,59,128,8308,638,1170,6968,8,15,6953,0,0,6953,4,31,12908,0,0,12704,2847,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,8,31,0,2615,5585,0,2094,4660,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,87,204,0,2847,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,15,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","FRANK TAIT",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",494,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,206,4610,0,2453,30366,0,2250,29020,0,2757,33743,0,5899,80360,0,392,7740,0,65,1370,0,35,1210,0,1279,17010,0,2847,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,6,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1189,1204,103680,11354,5882,97799,-864,0,97799,0,0,97799,-467,0,97799,38657,18515,85185,73119,34885,59277,140943,65371,20520,7427,3975,45638,4351,2521,84275,3553,2065,93826,62576,27616,66210,2848,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,408,9899,0,595,6448,0,0,0,0,-804,48,0,4,164,0,1487,14801,0,2254,22264,0,5404,59821,0,688,9010,0,440,6133,0,353,5099,0,1464,15898,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,71,303,1433,82,157,1275,0,1,1275,0,0,1275,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,0,1,1274,0,0,1274,0,0,1274,58,147,1127,49,94,1395,2848,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,20,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","HUTCHINGS",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,0,10,0,0,0,0,5,1130,0,16,400,0,8,327,0,0,0,0,140,1384,0,423,4690,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,41,453,0,2848,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1332,2321,1749,646,1073,2134,623,1061,2140,1223,2081,1858,1631,2823,2062,975,1647,2197,223,358,2194,623,1047,2043,1054,1794,2183,2669,4498,2177,1035,1708,1924,2772,4191,2252,2850,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1324209,556655,951299,1313535,540148,931841,981133,406226,1101726,963505,397393,1210633,1235488,518718,880851,1223521,506083,868835,1340550,537277,869585,1339861,554937,815555,984147,409972,981044,990034,409244,867049,1361690,549068,888832,1361213,508529,976472,2850,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,56,23,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","J M STUART",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2850,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,4,2,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,392,1042,6368,143,449,7390,1,3,5791,0,0,5791,0,1,5790,0,2,5788,0,0,5788,0,2,6395,2,7,6388,0,1,6388,60,192,6195,298,738,6316,2854,1,50752,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,56,28,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","YANKEE ST",0,"NAT GAS",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,10,160,0,62,1100,0,162,1963,0,84,1410,0,82,1499,0,110,1913,0,390,6135,0,2583,45005,0,16,299,0,118,2067,0,15,279,0,1,15,0,2854,1,50752,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,3,2,56,34,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","MONUMENT",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,48,88,666,38,70,596,24,44,749,8,15,735,20,37,698,0,0,698,0,0,698,868,1591,510,12,22,679,8,15,664,3,6,658,23,73,586,2851,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,3,2,56,38,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","SIDNEY",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,36,66,654,39,72,582,19,35,547,12,22,525,27,50,476,38,70,594,200,367,418,928,1701,298,12,22,467,14,26,441,11,20,599,27,50,550,2852,1,50752,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"LIGHT OIL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,1515,2654,38401,2032,3512,34941,568,957,33906,811,1364,32383,2303,3935,28369,2103,3623,24697,1150,1949,22638,3905,6750,39224,3140,5527,33621,140,241,33352,1226,2214,31022,7796,9042,43816,6031,1,50752,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,56,40,"DAYTON PWR & LGT CO (THE)","KILLEN",0,"BIT COAL",4922,"0M",1294,,,95,396655,162048,146219,299969,123570,141430,380134,154283,172985,326056,132202,166969,335211,138111,191956,337194,139038,170239,357281,145509,178055,407089,168349,129255,293108,123208,110897,435673,179182,98466,52201,22774,186101,115941,32572,227624,6031,1,50752,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,255,723,33,159,366,33,0,0,0,308,793,33,68,152,33,5,124,33,27,86,33,7,17,33,1286,2860,33,3,6,33,2857,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"NAT GAS",13998,"0M",394,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,7097,98907,0,15050,194824,0,0,0,0,5911,86537,0,13656,173637,0,24053,289252,0,13182,151945,0,7495,97750,0,13698,169535,0,9290,104799,0,2857,1,52154,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,10,"OHIO EDISON CO","EDGEWATER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,39,51,10875,58,329,9555,-8,73,8938,-14,44,9839,0,0,9464,200,693,10736,984,3224,10487,1718,5378,9687,120,437,8935,-17,0,8918,15,18,8748,20,140,9834,2857,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,15,"OHIO EDISON CO","GORGE STEAM",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2858,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,30,"OHIO EDISON CO","MAD RIVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,-78,0,15547,-26,273,15273,-54,0,15273,-54,0,15273,363,2822,15479,99,426,15053,1080,3857,14177,3295,9983,13051,179,602,14577,62,386,15260,60,421,14839,73,357,15562,2860,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,5,9,253,86,166,190,142,266,280,33,64,216,17,38,406,275,522,253,67,130,224,50,97,303,45,88,221,63,123,320,28,54,266,27,53,213,2861,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,123871,55965,73387,98573,45856,68795,100911,45527,84171,102317,46469,88241,6938,3797,109930,76341,34497,104722,105408,49207,76769,73326,33732,70283,103996,47562,47231,111221,52359,33613,108872,49872,33134,113766,51273,29923,2861,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,133,43,"OHIO EDISON CO","NILES",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,55,295,7474,75,333,7682,-36,56,7626,-41,0,7626,-25,30,7596,100,416,7180,647,2274,6851,1403,4579,5630,65,256,6970,-7,118,6852,3,124,6728,61,335,7293,2861,1,52154,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,2,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,101,204,570,57,119,629,70,132,675,95,173,502,63,117,562,95,188,374,81,156,558,51,100,633,44,83,549,46,91,458,2,3,632,119,296,336,2864,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,220103,104240,157034,164294,78521,184267,126512,54034,193327,150997,63973,186573,81596,35961,201217,96775,43949,193287,127163,56391,181386,166656,74197,142563,130934,57102,99030,67387,30839,87088,93946,40429,64542,82572,48775,54306,2864,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,45,"OHIO EDISON CO","R E BURGER",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,7,10,1284,23,46,1417,9,11,1407,0,0,1407,0,0,1407,34,84,1323,236,429,1243,566,1044,904,17,35,1224,23,43,1181,0,0,1181,30,77,1647,2864,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,2,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1482,2546,867,528,903,1046,558,954,844,550,932,638,695,1199,912,544,955,1493,706,1274,1304,451,1354,1217,1142,2017,1181,1316,2293,1036,94,160,983,2104,3601,973,2866,1,52154,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"BIT COAL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,1276095,514756,525945,1279324,511426,457910,1239563,502275,472374,1278563,515393,459047,1160892,479648,563045,1211972,504994,605054,1203599,510803,549162,1367687,590999,470321,991825,414819,354704,1017793,422778,445492,1052538,422578,399901,1094820,447068,288610,2866,1,52154,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,3,2,133,57,"OHIO EDISON CO","W H SAMMIS",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,,,95,21,47,2208,62,132,2422,24,52,2506,21,51,2619,18,49,2690,84,169,2569,424,916,2504,994,1895,1445,56,115,2687,17,62,1885,61,120,2363,49,78,2264,2866,1,52154,"FO2","IC" 31,39,1,5,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CC" 31,39,1,6,2,133,80,"OHIO EDISON CO","W LORAIN JO",0,"LIGHT OIL",13998,"0M",1294,"A",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,18,114,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2869,1,52154,"FO2","CT" 31,39,1,2,2,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3882,6525,18086,2171,3713,17991,1663,2732,19038,2100,3500,20732,2616,4271,21458,2357,4274,22882,1323,2298,23072,3025,5284,24028,1082,2039,25141,1349,2367,24554,1527,2671,21638,6433,9974,10617,2872,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,28,"OHIO POWER CO","MUSKINGUM R",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,535201,215186,421884,537048,220375,419768,597967,235236,427281,521184,207858,375208,449068,175136,430680,464394,194776,458208,580017,239178,402984,570215,237224,362814,265479,117802,367772,240284,100504,368567,286463,120853,342833,504050,190482,323803,2872,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,3763,6775,47403,769,1320,46083,4239,7491,38592,399,722,37870,719,1203,36667,2089,3543,33123,1042,1767,31357,1100,2128,29229,787,1372,39659,1447,2509,37150,1827,3076,34074,190,326,33748,8102,1,54028,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,141,30,"OHIO POWER CO","GAVIN",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,64858,30038,1931820,651490,284413,2186971,988276,436625,1888556,1196488,552083,1872871,1419448,615414,1838157,1182854,513910,1760692,1417031,613808,1615051,1643009,713610,1363516,1514789,657244,1159863,1269184,559173,1152059,1395530,601427,1176037,1375641,605361,1157372,8102,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,1,,141,35,"OHIO POWER CO","RACINE",0,,14006,"0M",1294,,364,95,18331,0,0,19396,0,0,21002,0,0,26318,0,0,19638,0,0,23776,0,0,16330,0,0,12023,0,0,7551,0,0,14526,0,0,23751,0,0,24817,0,0,6006,1,54028,"WAT","HY" 31,39,1,2,6,141,40,"OHIO POWER CO","TIDD",0,"BIT COAL",14006,"0M",1294,"S",364,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2874,1,54028,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"LIGHT OIL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,214,364,1335,346,582,1079,478,772,930,80,131,1631,298,520,1248,203,342,1489,97,168,1464,0,0,1642,55,92,1550,582,973,577,236,390,1258,83,146,1373,2876,1,52156,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,147,1,"OHIO VALLEY ELEC CORP","KYGER CREEK",0,"BIT COAL",14015,"0M",1294,,506,95,702913,271965,605907,555922,215202,643003,623778,230327,685798,645615,237897,675827,712862,278407,639864,676683,252935,580389,702720,270228,524058,722985,274975,470824,637930,231881,406765,609383,225508,431319,645928,235364,421426,715380,277692,649924,2876,1,52156,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,1,168,1,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","DAVIS-BESSE",0,"NUCLEAR",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,658580,0,0,596841,0,0,657111,0,0,620608,0,0,643953,0,0,629968,0,0,645923,0,0,643124,0,0,630210,0,0,652469,0,0,633467,0,0,645496,0,0,6149,1,52927,"UR","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"PROPANE",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,2,9,168,9,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","ACME",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2877,1,52927,"NG","ST" 31,39,1,2,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,136,448,525,273,439,445,156,255,550,380,622,464,160,607,393,170,407,521,159,530,700,226,457,598,155,367,588,238,402,364,76,315,588,112,197,572,2878,1,52927,"FO2","ST" 31,39,1,2,6,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"BIT COAL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,271495,103216,169716,328463,121979,150035,259418,97335,167411,220548,81660,204738,228937,86543,252579,283830,108691,226673,265296,101256,155041,323077,180415,73781,309205,109740,75119,176674,67648,106761,254611,97258,111939,278242,107020,82847,2878,1,52927,"BIT","ST" 31,39,1,4,2,168,11,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","BAY SHORE",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,14,64,566,36,59,688,0,0,782,14,24,758,0,0,758,17,30,1086,46,267,997,175,646,886,8,62,825,2,5,820,0,19,979,1,53,926,2878,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,40,2793,0,0,2793,0,0,2793,0,25,2768,0,3,2764,27,124,2641,49,260,2380,192,729,1652,0,0,1652,0,44,1607,0,0,2325,0,0,2325,2880,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,1,4,9,168,18,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","RICHLAND",0,"NAT GAS",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,0,276,0,0,594,0,0,324,0,0,621,0,0,756,0,25,675,0,71,2079,0,345,7385,0,0,215,0,0,3046,0,0,92,0,2,392,0,2880,1,52927,"NG","GT" 31,39,1,4,2,168,19,"TOLEDO EDISON CO (THE)","STRYKER",0,"LIGHT OIL",18997,"0M",1294,,,95,10,159,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,0,1191,0,8,1183,0,0,1183,16,41,1142,0,0,92,0,29,1113,2881,1,52927,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,522,1,"ARCANUM (CITY OF)","ARCANUM",0,"LIGHT OIL",768,"0A",1294,,,95,27,51,203,49,90,186,15,31,155,4,8,148,3,5,143,17,33,110,14,27,82,52,101,101,4,8,93,3,6,87,4,13,74,8,21,171,2902,1,50096,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,14,23,355,14,25,329,0,0,329,178,304,378,39,68,310,12,21,289,145,250,215,87,158,235,29,50,179,16,27,153,37,63,268,9,32,237,2903,1,50356,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"LIGHT OIL",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,50,6950,0,0,6950,2,156,6795,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6790,0,0,6760,0,0,6720,6,12,6690,1,5,6682,2903,1,50356,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,552,1,"BRYAN (CITY OF)","BRYAN",0,"NAT GAS",2439,"0M",1294,,,95,22,566,0,82,2330,0,0,0,0,254,4926,0,3992,62915,0,6018,86797,0,4936,89292,0,8968,190437,0,6094,104355,0,104,2299,0,132,2762,0,420,8161,0,2903,1,50356,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,4,2,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1070,0,4,1066,83,263,803,0,0,803,4,238,565,0,0,922,0,0,922,50,256,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,0,0,1022,2906,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,2,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","COLLINWOOD",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,27,729,0,0,0,0,1,32,0,0,33,0,0,0,0,674,8563,0,274,8962,0,32,941,0,17,380,0,0,3,0,0,7,0,0,4,0,2906,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,561,10,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","LAKE ROAD",0,"BIT COAL",3762,"0M",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2908,1,50589,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,1995,0,0,1994,0,0,1994,0,0,1993,0,0,1993,0,0,1992,0,1,1992,0,1,1991,0,0,1990,0,0,1990,0,1,1989,0,0,1989,2909,1,50589,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,561,20,"CLEVELAND (CITY OF)","W 41ST ST",0,"NAT GAS",3762,"0M",1294,,,95,477,14950,0,526,10745,0,431,12673,0,247,6523,0,221,6443,0,340,8176,0,1197,15109,0,4074,94135,0,593,26459,0,537,13366,0,668,16240,0,628,17345,0,2909,1,50589,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"BIT COAL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,7510,5164,474,5838,3935,612,7700,4900,592,6987,4742,130,0,7,150,0,0,623,5223,3579,213,7330,5046,506,6122,4199,218,2658,1764,200,6852,5320,346,7262,4963,413,2914,1,50806,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",794,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,27,403,0,884,12716,0,410,6737,0,110,1163,0,663,9798,0,637,9130,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,579,1,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"LIGHT OIL",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,66,0,0,66,4,9,61,0,0,66,0,0,57,18,228,79,36,74,109,29,75,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,0,0,101,2914,1,50806,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,9,579,5,"DOVER (CITY OF)","DOVER",0,"NAT GAS",5336,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,65,1022,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,48,698,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2914,1,50806,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,2,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,5,11,1751,1,3,1749,1,4,1747,1,5,1744,1,4,1743,4,10,1737,3,7,1734,4,9,1730,4,11,1724,1,4,1722,1,6,1719,7,16,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"BIT COAL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,22703,11176,13737,252,146,15989,5474,3315,16142,8640,5428,12982,9803,5101,7881,11553,6584,1297,16363,9478,2000,22973,9375,5688,24478,13592,4621,4956,3752,6715,4870,4046,7024,23079,11772,7422,2917,1,51225,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,157,1874,0,13990,195116,0,5260,76784,0,483,7231,0,4563,57272,0,9310,123945,0,17338,207709,0,14384,141922,0,1816,24404,0,676,12116,0,270,5334,0,784,9339,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"LIGHT OIL",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1751,0,0,1749,0,0,1748,0,0,1745,0,0,1742,0,0,1738,0,0,1735,0,0,1730,0,0,1725,0,0,1723,0,0,1719,0,0,1711,2917,1,51225,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,4,9,605,1,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HAM MUN EL",0,"NAT GAS",7977,"0M",1294,,,95,11,142,0,174,2439,0,83,1220,0,26,393,0,18,234,0,55,745,0,1064,12754,0,1170,28673,0,18,250,0,134,2411,0,10,207,0,18,217,0,2917,1,51225,"NG","GT" 31,39,5,1,,605,5,"HAMILTON (CITY OF)","HMLTN HYDRO",0,,7977,"0M",1294,"R",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,7807,1,51225,"WAT","HY" 31,39,5,3,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,3,23,1067,0,0,1067,90,268,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,0,0,799,29,63,734,52,106,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,0,0,805,2921,1,51615,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,4,2,629,1,"LEBANON (CITY OF)","LEBANON",0,"LIGHT OIL",10830,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2921,1,51615,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,3,2,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"LIGHT OIL",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,5,65,637,21,41,596,0,37,558,8,17,528,0,0,509,33,80,429,17,210,218,239,528,405,11,41,364,8,17,348,194,525,358,145,391,324,2933,1,52140,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,684,1,"OBERLIN (CITY OF)","OBERLIN",0,"NAT GAS",13949,"0A",1294,,,95,275,2724,0,260,2802,0,5,1676,0,75,826,0,13,132,0,200,1734,0,339,3535,0,552,5958,0,39,487,0,82,884,0,969,9721,0,63,1533,0,2933,1,52140,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,2,6,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,30925,20332,2401,27128,23359,528,19190,7163,1721,22147,13962,524,29670,13038,1437,23583,15893,1741,24259,14697,2641,28372,19561,2485,22121,14691,1281,18235,13105,1557,28993,15643,959,24197,16177,783,2935,1,52192,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,689,1,"ORRVILLE (CITY OF)","ORRVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14194,"0M",1294,,,95,45,744,0,42,811,0,122,1020,0,127,1797,0,112,1116,0,51,780,0,63,856,0,72,1126,0,22,331,0,46,762,0,78,961,0,76,1181,0,2935,1,52192,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"LIGHT OIL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,0,0,1518,36,100,1776,5,13,1762,0,0,1048,0,0,1762,25,73,1689,25,73,1616,4,14,1602,17,53,1548,10,20,1528,2936,1,52227,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"BIT COAL",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,17099,10622,1607,15231,10037,2990,13188,8922,6467,12361,8060,7830,13138,7996,7962,15287,8544,8154,15901,9966,8093,12362,8310,8580,11176,7757,8780,11298,8213,9293,8336,6116,9293,7235,5099,7825,2936,1,52227,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,691,1,"PAINESVILLE (CITY OF)","PAINESVILLE",0,"NAT GAS",14381,"0M",1294,,,95,16,258,0,29,464,0,152,2440,0,67,1072,0,27,394,0,18,254,0,42,658,0,113,1904,0,81,1386,0,46,839,0,100,1812,0,97,1715,0,2936,1,52227,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,2,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,0,1,33,1,9,24,0,0,35,1,7,27,0,0,32,0,1,31,0,1,30,0,0,30,0,0,30,0,4,26,0,3,23,1,6,36,2937,1,52334,"FO2","ST" 31,39,5,2,6,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"BIT COAL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,2963,3832,1560,2779,3526,1061,2427,2994,1038,1970,2648,582,2418,2789,195,1914,2556,734,1374,2211,15,1611,2421,41,1481,2312,382,2468,3140,627,2650,3515,1751,2688,3569,2090,2937,1,52334,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,700,10,"PIQUA (CITY OF)","PIQUA",0,"LIGHT OIL",15095,"0M",1294,,,95,24,119,2949,51,239,3071,-37,127,2947,119,588,2896,109,897,3032,277,1359,2730,469,2758,2645,595,2956,2720,-11,101,2619,37,176,2979,59,288,3048,121,591,2992,2937,1,52334,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"BIT COAL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1250,698,645,3927,2565,332,4111,3269,140,0,0,150,0,0,150,1641,1050,490,5298,3368,489,222,149,638,1630,1068,419,4646,3274,449,4461,2807,449,4928,3119,495,2942,1,52789,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,4,2,722,1,"SAINT MARYS (CITY OF)","ST MARYS",0,"LIGHT OIL",17891,"0M",1294,,,95,1,12,318,0,0,307,28,146,352,0,0,352,0,0,352,1,4,348,59,83,428,3,8,420,1,24,396,0,0,520,1,3,518,2,6,512,2942,1,52789,"FO2","GT" 31,39,5,2,6,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"BIT COAL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,8039,5710,300,7249,5098,300,7132,4852,300,6141,3985,300,6694,4389,300,8103,4859,300,6796,4831,300,7378,5266,0,6897,3944,300,6844,4580,300,7615,5188,300,8726,5206,300,2943,1,52637,"BIT","ST" 31,39,5,2,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,134,1996,0,47,686,0,36,517,0,9,134,0,0,0,0,30,381,0,96,1415,0,11,164,0,19,230,0,41,576,0,48,685,0,44,555,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","ST" 31,39,5,3,2,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"LIGHT OIL",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,73,0,0,103,0,0,103,0,0,103,1,5,93,1,4,83,2,5,78,0,1,77,0,1,76,0,1,45,2943,1,52637,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,726,1,"SHELBY (CITY OF)","SHELBY",0,"NAT GAS",17043,"0M",1294,,,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2943,1,52637,"NG","IC" 31,39,5,3,2,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"LIGHT OIL",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"FO2","IC" 31,39,5,3,9,774,1,"WOODSFIELD (CITY OF)","WOODSFIELD",0,"NAT GAS",20977,"0A",1294,"S",,95,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,2945,1,53350,"NG","IC" 31,39,8,2,6,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"BIT COAL",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,99037,64265,81413,104738,67228,84252,126378,79745,86718,63579,42733,100556,123281,76701,94920,115392,69307,101317,117333,72018,101225,121473,79176,86641,108722,66669,90892,126955,78956,87022,103717,67360,86260,126485,80616,78276,7286,1,58910,"BIT","ST" 31,39,8,2,9,800,1,"AMER MUN POWER-OHIO INC","R GORSUCH",0,"NAT GAS",40577,"0M",1294,,,95,1576,22702,0,1469,21157,0,638,9083,0,541,8226,0,767,10634,0,1094,14686,0,877,12191,0,505,7352,0,810,11188,0,528,7439,0,733,10544,0,821,11624,0,7286,1,58910,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"BIT COAL",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,111368,64033,111935,149730,82697,41943,169301,90886,94463,49952,30907,197006,107334,61118,203229,185763,102059,199201,147171,80912,167481,211732,117972,103696,93902,54629,131796,97942,56647,95060,141995,78255,74660,93050,52182,100094,981,4,54003,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,9,25,1,"COMMONWEALTH ED CO IND","STATE LINE",0,"NAT GAS",4111,"0M",1294,,101,95,6077,64670,0,5326,53012,0,4895,48146,0,1349,14775,0,4538,48258,0,4988,51500,0,4470,45645,0,4498,45907,0,2972,32243,0,3706,39699,0,5098,51893,0,3793,39849,0,981,4,54003,"NG","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,186,351,3905,152,276,3630,241,444,3700,377,692,3522,263,551,3142,200,360,3468,175,320,4005,93,171,4177,112,189,3988,183,330,3658,234,419,3925,187,321,3947,983,1,54010,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,45,1,"INDIANA-KENTUCKY EL CORP","CLIFTY CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9269,"0M",1294,,505,95,680000,340288,711560,681685,332462,794224,771872,377298,719124,715568,349771,768331,774831,394798,790608,706890,347717,739042,846234,432529,698423,836401,439085,664104,841295,424266,608234,755940,378632,751924,859900,416889,759244,867253,423226,804472,983,1,54010,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,1,,57,5,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ELKHART",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1650,0,0,1194,0,0,1755,0,0,1250,0,0,1341,0,0,1179,0,0,1157,0,0,1230,0,0,728,0,0,610,0,0,606,0,0,1138,0,0,986,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,1,,57,15,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TWIN BRANCH",0,,9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,2749,0,0,2559,0,0,3177,0,0,3035,0,0,3169,0,0,2570,0,0,2394,0,0,2550,0,0,1769,0,0,1707,0,0,2868,0,0,2542,0,0,989,1,57745,"WAT","HY" 32,18,1,2,2,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1203,1922,5959,701,1134,5915,1180,2025,6714,1059,1682,6177,1112,1829,5848,1144,1978,6336,1259,2060,7095,1078,1912,5713,665,1191,4522,206,409,5361,886,1592,4308,1326,2011,4418,988,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,40,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","TANNERS CRK",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,432338,162155,420217,485332,183170,404434,427268,171172,375261,371083,146417,383926,364601,144830,374644,383224,158993,372917,442272,183537,275408,494886,200826,195877,151186,61682,248353,10073,4559,312659,189477,75997,327350,330050,118848,262047,988,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,4,2,57,55,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","FOURTH ST",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,0,0,90,1025,1,57745,"FO2","GT" 32,18,1,2,2,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1253,2167,36532,1335,2320,34384,3886,6841,48740,4321,7609,41131,3580,6420,34711,5662,10180,45654,3887,6888,38767,4216,7569,31198,1478,2587,28611,1002,1634,26976,690,1194,25782,1723,4126,33355,6166,1,57745,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,57,60,"INDIANA MICHIGAN POWER CO","ROCKPORT",0,"BIT COAL",9324,"0M",1294,,363,95,1749008,1032186,1725862,1579775,933220,1565332,1339465,797497,1717887,1321428,787392,1749794,910898,553161,1861348,1507665,916281,1691338,1420244,862282,1685879,1514621,918947,1761783,1599963,954251,1694782,1691163,933949,1738612,1640828,959611,1762887,1464158,854236,1918162,6166,1,57745,"BIT","ST" 32,18,1,2,2,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR & LGT CO","E W STOUT",0,"LIGHT OIL",9273,"0M",1294,,,95,566,1401,20541,856,1914,17945,116,609,17337,446,1143,15565,419,1038,14023,233,762,13073,334,805,11083,970,3484,18728,223,679,18049,471,1101,16948,1380,2012,14910,618,1456,13138,990,1,51394,"FO2","ST" 32,18,1,2,6,63,5,"INDIANAPOLIS PWR