Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Overview. As part of its Energy and Financial Markets Initiative, EIA is assessing the various factors that may influence oil prices — physical market factors as ...

2

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An assessment of the various factors that may influence oil prices - physical market factors as well as those related to trading and financial markets. The analysis describes 7 key factors that could influence oil markets and explores possible linkages between each factor and oil prices, and includes regularly-updated graphs that depict aspects of those relationships.

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

3

The Stock Market Reaction to Oil Price Changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I explore the reaction of the stock market as a whole and of different industries to daily oil price changes. I find that the direction and magnitude of the market?s reaction to oil price changes depend on the magnitude of the price changes. Oil price changes most likely caused by supply shocks have a negative impact while oil price changes most likely caused by shifts in aggregate demand have a positive impact on the same day market returns. In addition to the returns of oil-intensive industries, returns of industries that do not use oil to any significant extent are also sensitive to oil price changes. Finally, I show that both the cost-side dependence and demand-side dependence on oil are important in explaining the sensitivity of industry returns to oil price changes. I am indebted to Louis Ederington. I am grateful for the helpful comments received from Chitru Fernando,

Sridhar Gogineni

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Do OPEC Members Know Something the Market Doesn’t? “Fair Price ” Pronouncements and the Market Price of Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPEC producers, individually or collectively, often make statements regarding the “fair price ” of crude oil. In some cases, the officials commenting are merely affirming the price prevailing in the crude oil market at the time. In many cases, however, we document that they explicitly disagree with the contemporaneous futures price. A natural question is whether these “fair price ” pronouncements contain information not already reflected in market prices. To find the answer, we collect “fair price ” statements made between 2000 and 2009 by officials from OPEC or OPEC member countries. Visually, the “fair price ” series looks like a sampling discretely drawn (with a lag) from the daily futures market price series. Formally, we use several methodologies to establish that “fair price ” pronouncements have little influence on the market price of crude oil and that they supply little or no new news to oil futures market participants.

Celso Brunetti; Bahattin Büyük?ahin; Michel A. Robe; Kirsten R. Soneson; David Reiffen; Bob Buckley; Rasmus Fatum; Robert L. Losey; Jim Moser; Adam Sieminski; Phil Verlegger; Joe Konizeski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? - Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

& Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) & Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. Coal Reserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Renewable & Alternative Fuels

6

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Richard Newell, Administrator Richard Newell, Administrator May 5, 2011 Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation EIA's Energy and Financial Markets Initiative 2 Richard Newell, May 5, 2011 * Collection of critical energy information to improve market transparency - improved petroleum storage capacity data - other improvements to data quality and coverage * Analysis of energy and financial market dynamics to improve understanding of what drives energy prices - internal analysis and sponsorship of external research * Outreach with other Federal agencies, experts, and the public - expert workshops - public sessions at EIA's energy conferences - solicitation of public comment on EIA's data collections

7

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Energy & Financial Markets What Drives Crude Oil Prices? ...

8

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

• E&P costs • E&P investments • E&P innovations Physical balancing • Inventories Markets & market behavior • Energy prices ? spot ? futures ? options

9

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING://www.economie.polytechnique.edu/ mailto:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00822070,version1-14May2013 #12;1 Oil price impact Khaled Guesmi3 Abstract The aim of this paper is to study the degree of interdependence between oil price

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

10

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently.

11

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

12

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

13

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

14

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

15

The world oil market and OPEC behavior: The leak-producer price leader model  

SciTech Connect

This is an economic study of the world's oil market in which OPEC plays the central role in determining the oil supply and price. Understanding OPEC's behavior is at the core of understanding the world's oil market. However, oil is a resource belonging to the family of natural resources known as exhaustible. We do not produce oil; we only extract and distribute a fixed amount of the resource over generations. Optimal extraction is a matter of concern to both suppliers and consumers. First, it is shown that using the traditional theory of producers behavior in the conventional commodity markets to explain extractors behavior in exhaustible resource markets is completely wrong. Second, current models of OPEC behavior are reviewed. Third, an alternative model is introduced. Previous authors have not directed their models to give explanations to the peculiar observations in oil market. This model divides the world's oil suppliers into: the free riders (non-OPEC oil producers), the OPEC hawks (a group within OPEC) and the leak-producer price leader (Saudi Arabia). Three factors, namely relatively big oil reserves, no other sources of income, and the avoidance of the so-called backstop technology make Saudi Arabia more interested in lower oil prices than are other oil extractors.

Aboalela, A.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

On the shortterm influence of oil price changes on stock markets in GCC countries: linear and nonlinear analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the short-run relationships between oil prices and GCC stock markets. Since GCC countries are major world energy market players, their stock markets may be susceptible to oil price shocks. To account for the fact that stock markets may respond nonlinearly to oil price shocks, we have examined both linear and nonlinear relationships. Our findings show that there are significant links between the two variables in Qatar, Oman, and UAE. Thus, stock markets in these countries react positively to oil price

Mohamed El; Hedi Arouri; Julien Fouquau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Oil Prices, Stock Markets and Portfolio Investment: Evidence from Sector Analysis in Europe over the Last Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Prices, Stock Markets and Portfolio Investment: Evidence from Sector Analysis in Europe over This article extends the understanding of oil­stock market relationships over the last turbulent decade. Unlike returns to oil price changes differ greatly depending on the activity sector. In the out

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

18

Oil Price Volatility  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Speculation and Oil Price Volatility Speculation and Oil Price Volatility Robert J. Weiner Robert J. Weiner Professor of International Business, Public Policy & Professor of International Business, Public Policy & Public Administration, and International Affairs Public Administration, and International Affairs George Washington University; George Washington University; Membre Associ Membre Associ é é , GREEN, Universit , GREEN, Universit é é Laval Laval EIA Annual Conference Washington Washington 7 April 2009 7 April 2009 1 FACTORS DRIVNG OIL PRICE VOLATILITY FACTORS DRIVNG OIL PRICE VOLATILITY ► ► Market fundamentals Market fundamentals . . Fluctuations in supply, Fluctuations in supply, demand, and market power demand, and market power Some fundamentals related to expectations of Some fundamentals related to expectations of

19

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

20.86 20.67 20.47 20.24 20.32 19.57 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

20

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

19.11 18.73 18.63 17.97 18.75 18.10 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Crude Oil Price Cycles  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The heating oil and diesel price runups in late January were made even more problematic by coming on top of the high side of the latest crude market cycle.

22

Crude Oil Price Cycles  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The heating oil and diesel fuel price runups in late January were made even more problematic by coming on top of the high side of the latest crude market cycle. Over the past 10...

23

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets EIA 2013 Workshop on Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages ... Director of Energy Markets and Financial Analysis

24

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 ... oil demand growth, slow supply growth and tight spare capacity 22 Richard Newell, May 5, 2011

25

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and This chart highlights residential heating oil prices for the current and past heating season. As you can see, prices have started the heating season, about 40 to 50 cents per gallon higher than last year at this time. The data presented are from EIA's State Heating Oil and Propane Program. We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly. These data will also be used to determine the price trigger mechanism for the Northeast Heating Oil Reserve. The data are published at a State and regional level on our web site. The slide is to give you some perspective of what is happening in these markets, since you probably will get a number of calls from local residents about their heating fuels bills

26

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ”, QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. “Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter's market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through February 28, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Heating oil prices for East Coast consumers started this winter at just over $1 per gallon, but rising crude oil prices drove them up nearly 21 cents through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of heating oil

28

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices. WTI Crude Oil Price. Retail Gasoline Price. Source: Energy Information Administration

29

Oil price analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The transport has been in the whole history of mankind the basic and determining mover of the human society shape. It determined not only the position of towns, but also their inner design and it was also last but not least the basic element of the economic ... Keywords: GDP, deposit, fuels, history, market equilibrium, oil, oil reserves, price

Zdenek Riha; Viktorie Jirova; Marek Honcu

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Slide 2 of 11 Notes: One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winterÂ’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through February 7, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Heating oil prices for East Coast consumers started this winter at just over $1 per gallon, but rising crude oil prices drove them up nearly 21 cents per gallon through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of

31

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

John Maples John Maples 2011 EIA Energy Conference April 26, 2011 Transportation and the Environment Light-duty vehicle combined Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards (CAFE) in three cases, 2005-2035 2 0 20 40 60 80 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 miles per gallon Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 CAFE6 CAFE3 Reference John Maples, April 26, 2011 Light-duty vehicle delivered energy consumption and total transportation carbon dioxide emissions, 2005-2035 3 0 5 10 15 20 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Reference CAFE3 CAFE6 quadrillion Btu 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 John Maples, April 26, 2011 Distribution of new light-duty vehicle sales by price, 2010 and 2025 (2009$) 4 Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011

33

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table of Contents. Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook. Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast . Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance

34

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we ...

35

EIA Oil price timeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, ... Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions.

36

World Oil: Market or Mayhem?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

Smith, James L.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Effects of futures market manipulation on crude oil prices: An empirical examination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Crude oil prices moved irregularly in the period leading to the financial meltdown in the beginning of 2008. This research paper deals with the explaining… (more)

Elhelou, Rami

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

WORKING PAPER SERIESFEDERAL RESERVE BANK of ATLANTA WORKING PAPER SERIES Trading Institutions and Price Discovery: The Cash and Futures Markets for Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We provide substantial evidence that the futures market for West Texas Intermediate crude oil increased the short-term volatility of the cash price of crude oil. We show that the variability of prices increased using both published posted prices and transaction prices for producers. This increased volatility in the price of crude oil may reflect information aggregated into the price, an increase the variance of shocks to the price of crude oil, or noise in the futures price that affects the cash price. We present evidence from experiments consistent with the interpretation that information aggregation not feasible in a posted-price market can explain at least part of the increase in variance. This evidence supports the proposition that information not previously aggregated into the cash price for crude oil is at least part of the reason for the greater variability of the cash price after the opening of the futures market and provides at least one example in which a futures market increased the volatility of the cash market, and prices became more efficient. JEL classification: G130, G140 Key words: crude oil, futures, posted price, experiments, experimental finance, price discovery, information aggregation

Albert Ballinger; Gerald P. Dwyer; Ann B. Gillette; Albert Ballinger; Gerald P. Dwyer; Ann B. Gillette

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),Figure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December ofbarrels per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Another Bull Market Consolidation or Have Oil Prices Headed South for the Winter?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation was given at the New York Energy Forum on September 5, 2006. It explores the reasons behind rising oil prices over the last few years and discusses whether the drop in oil prices seen in late August and early September 2005 is the start of a long-running trend or is only a temporary decline.

Information Center

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Measuring oil-price shocks using market-based information’, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper No  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper takes on a narrative and quantitative approach to examine the dynamic effects of oil-price shocks to the U.S. economy. Based on market information collected from various oil-industry trade journals, we separate different kinds of oilprice shocks, and construct measures of exogenous oil shocks that are free of endogeneity and anticipatory problems. Estimation results indicate that oil shocks have had substantial and statistically significant impacts on the U.S. economy during the past two and a half decades. By contrast, traditional VAR identification strategies lead to a much weaker and insignificant real effect for the same period. Further investigation suggests that this discrepancy is possibly due to a lack of identification on the VAR approach, originating from mixing the exogenous oil-supply shocks with endogenous oil-price movements driven by changes in oil demand.

Tao Wu; Michele Cavallo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Crude Oil Price Forecast  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We believe crude oil prices will strengthen somewhat, but prices will rise much more slowly than they fell, and they are expected to remain lower in ...

43

Residential Price - Marketers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

44

Crude Oil Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 42 Table 18. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) — Continued

45

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the residual quantity of oil that never gets produced.order to purchase a quantity Q barrels of oil at a price P tD t Q t Q t+1 Quantity Figure 5. Monthly oil production for

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

First Factor Impacting Distillate Prices: Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: World oil prices have tripled from their low point in December 1998 to August this year, pulling product prices up as well. But crude prices are expected to show a gradual decline as increased oil production from OPEC and others enters the world oil market. We won't likely see much decline this year, however, as prices are expected to end the year at about $30 per barrel. The average price of WTI was almost $30 per barrel in March, but dropped to $26 in April as the market responded to the additional OPEC production. However, prices strengthened again, averaging almost $32 in June, $30 in July, and $31 in August. The continued increases in crude oil prices indicate buyers are having trouble finding crude oil, bidding higher prices to obtain the barrels available.

47

LNG price parity with oil clouds future of European gas market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Europe's international gas trade may have to mark time while the gas industry determines whether the fuel can remain competitive in the wake of Algeria's recent political victory - a high price for its LNG exports to France. Potential gas buyers will face sellers seeking to emulate the $5.10/million Btu price level. The latest conflict, between Algeria and Italy, is preventing start-up of the completed trans-Mediterranean pipeline. Large gas-price increases across Europe would prompt bulk steam-raisers to move to other fuels; the premium household and commercial markets would not be able to absorb the surplus. If the trend of LNG price parity with crude continues, gas could lose a substantial share of its European market and LNG projects will continue to be abandoned.

Vielvoye, R.

1982-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

48

Oil price; oil demand shocks; oil supply shocks; dynamic effects.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Using a newly developed measure of global real economic activity, a structural decomposition of the real price of crude oil in four components is proposed: oil supply shocks driven by political events in OPEC countries; other oil supply shocks; aggregate shocks to the demand for industrial commodities; and demand shocks that are specific to the crude oil market. The latter shock is designed to capture shifts in the price of oil driven by higher precautionary demand associated with fears about future oil supplies. The paper quantifies the magnitude and timing of these shocks, their dynamic effects on the real price of oil and their relative importance in determining the real price of oil during 1975-2005. The analysis sheds light on the origin of the observed fluctuations in oil prices, in particular during oil price shocks. For example, it helps gauge the relative importance of these shocks in the build-up of the real price of crude oil since the late 1990s. Distinguishing between the sources of higher oil prices is shown to be crucial in assessing the effect of higher oil prices on U.S. real GDP and CPI inflation, suggesting that policies aimed at dealing with higher oil prices must take careful account of the origins of higher oil prices. The paper also quantifies the extent to which the macroeconomic performance of the U.S. since the mid-1970s has been driven by the external economic shocks driving the real price of oil as opposed to domestic economic factors and policies. Key words: JEL:

Lutz Kilian

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Crude Oil Prices Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

50

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... March 2003 Price Spike August 2003 Price Spike Quarterly World Oil Demand Growth from Previous Year Overview of Market Fundamentals Tight balance in global ...

51

World oil: Market or mayhem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil ” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices spike in the summer of 2008, and what role did speculators play? Any attempt to answer these questions must be informed and disciplined by economics. Such is the purpose of this essay: to illuminate recent developments in the world oil market from the perspective of economic theory.

James L. Smith; James L. Smith; Larry Debrock; Dwight Lee; John Parsons

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996 45. Created Date:

53

OPEC Production Changes Impacted World Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

OPEC has been a major factor behind the recent swing in crude oil prices. As prices fell in 1997 and 1998, OPEC gradually removed supply from the market.

54

Oil Market Assessment  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Logo Oil Market Assessment - September Logo Oil Market Assessment - September 12, 2001 EIA Home Page Based on Energy Information Administration (EIA) contacts and trade press reports, overall U.S. and global oil supplies appear to have been minimally impacted by yesterday's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. Rumors of scattered closures of U.S. refineries, pipelines, and terminals were reported, and Louisiana Offshore Oil Port operations were partially suspended. While the NYMEX and New York Harbor were temporarily closed, operations are expected to resume soon. Most, if not all petroleum industry infrastructure is expected to resume normal operations today or in the very near term. Prices at all levels (where markets were open) posted increases yesterday, but many prices fell today, as initial reactions

55

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 8/13/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast Price Movements Related to Supply/Demand Balance OPEC Production Likely To Remain Low U.S. Reflects World Market Crude Oil Outlook Conclusions Distillate Prices Increase With Crude Oil Distillate Stocks on the East Coast Were Very Low Entering Last Winter Distillate Demand Strong Last Winter More Supply Possible This Fall than Forecast Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price Distillate Supply/Demand Balance Reflected in Spreads Distillate Stocks Expected to Remain Low Winter Crude Oil and Distillate Price Outlook Heating Oil Outlook Conclusion Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil

56

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently. Crude oil rose about 36 cents per gallon from its low point in mid February 1999 to the middle of January 2000. Over this same time period, New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents per gallon, reflecting both the crude price rise and a return to a more usual seasonal spread over the price of crude oil. The week ending January 21, heating oil spot prices in the Northeast spiked dramatically to record levels, closing on Friday at $1.26 per gallon -- up 50 cents from the prior week. Gulf Coast prices were not spiking, but were probably pulled slightly higher as the New York Harbor market began to

57

Oil prices in a new light  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a clear picture of how oil prices develop, the author steps away from the price levels to which the world is accustomed, and evaluates scientifically. What makes prices jump from one notch to another The move results from a political or economic shock or the perception of a particular position by the futures market and the media. The shock could range from a war or an assassination to a promise of cooperation among OPEC members (when believed by the market) or to speculation about another failure at an OPEC meeting. In the oil market, only a couple of factual figures can provide a floor to the price of oil. The cost of production of oil in the Gulf is around $2 to $3/bbl, and the cost of production of oil (capital and operating costs) in key non-OPEC areas is well under $10/bbl. With some adjustments for transport and quality, a price range of $13/bbl to $16/bbl would correspond to a reasonable sustainable floor price. The reason for prices above the floor price has been a continuous fear of oil supply interruptions. That fear kept prices above the floor price for many years. The fear factor has now almost fully disappeared. The market has gone through the drama of the Iranian Revolution, the Iran-Iraq war, the tanker war, the invasion of Kuwait, and the expulsions of the Iraqis. And still the oil flowed -- all the time. It has become abundantly clear that fears above the oil market were unjustified. Everyone needs to export oil, and oil will flow under the worst circumstances. The demise of the fear factor means that oil prices tend toward the floor price for a prolonged period.

Fesharaki, F. (East-West Center, Honolulu, HI (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

California Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... of different quality crudes vary over time based on the value the market places on such quality attributes. A heavy crude oil has more heavy, ...

59

U.S. Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winterÂ’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices for the last four winters, with this yearÂ’s prices shown through January 24, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Although heating oil prices for consumers started this winter at similar levels to those in 1997, they already rose nearly 20 cents per gallon through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude

60

Finding the market price  

SciTech Connect

The short-term power exchange offers a glimpse of the deregulated power market. As the electric power industry goes the way of other formerly regulated monopolicies in the United States, incentives will continue to grow for novel ways to trade electricity in hitherto uncharted markets. The emergence of open power markets. The emergence of open power markets thus far has been a patchwork affair. Federally mandated competition in wholesale markets has only recently taken place and all jurisdictional transmission owners must file open access transmission tariffs with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The national agenda has been spotted here and there by state or even utility-specific efforts to unlock retail markets but most of these will take years to implement. Thus, the most common complaint of power market professions is a basic one: It is difficult to determine the market price of electricity. The basic building blocks of an efficient market are missing, e.g. no multitudes of willing buyers and sellers, few arms-length purchases, no price transparency.

Huetteman, T.J.; Stasiak, S.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991. “A Comparison of Petroleum Futures versus Spot PricesFutures: An Update on Petroleum, Natural Gas, Heating Oiland Its Impact on U.S. Petroleum Markets. ” Dahl, Carol and

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Distillate and Crude Oil Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

fuel and residential heating oil prices on the East Coast is being driven by higher crude oil prices than last year and higher spreads. Crude oil is projected to average almost...

63

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

64

Oil Price Shocks and Inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices have risen sharply over the last year, leading to concerns that we could see a repeat of the 1970s, when rising oil prices were accompanied by severe recessions and surging inflation. This Economic Letter examines the historical relationship between oil price shocks and inflation in light of some recent research and goes on to discuss what the recent jump in oil prices might mean for inflation in the future. Figure 1 Inflation and the relative price of oil The historical record Figure 1 plots the price of oil relative to the core personal consumption expenditures price index (PCEPI) together with the core PCEPI inflation

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

A new era for oil prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 2003 the international oil market has been moving away from the previous 20-year equilibrium in which prices fluctuated around $25/bbl (in today's dollars). The single most important reason is that growing demand has ...

Mitchell, John V.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Oil price, mean reversion and zone readjustments  

SciTech Connect

Observing OPEC`s short-term price-output ceiling behavior during the late 1980s and 1990s, one can conclude that it attempts to stabilize the market price within a range of its announced target price by controlling the output ceiling. If the price moves within four to five dollars below the target price, it usually reduces the output ceiling and assigns new quotas to its member countries to keep the price close to the target price. In reality, OPEC established a band for the market price positioned round the target price by basically choosing suitable upper and lower limits for the output or, at least in soft markets, it places tolerance zone below the target price in order to restrict the discrepancy between the market price and the target price. The lower limit is particularly needed because it sets a price floor and ensures that the market price stays above the significantly lower marginal cost of oil production. If the limits of these zones are backed by a perfectly credible intervention policy, they can generate an expectations process that should turn the market prices around even before any intervention takes place. While OPEC in some sense observes the target zones for its prices, those zones are neither well defined nor vigorously defended. It can not always or may not be willing to maintain the price within the limits of the desired zone by cutting the output ceiling; it must sometimes readjust the target price and output ceiling, and thus create a new target zone to reflect the market`s new fundamentals. This is particularly true now because OPEC is losing market share to the other oil producers and is contemplating to shift the current band. Actual readjustments in the target price can be so large, as in 1980 and 1985, that the newmarket price must jump as well. They can occur when both the market price is near the limits of the band as well as when it is inside the band but still further away from those limits.

Hammoudeh, S. [Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Oil Prices and Inflation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As oil prices have climbed over the last several years, the memory of the 1970s and early 1980s has not been far from the minds of the public or of monetary policymakers. In those earlier episodes, rising oil prices were accompanied by doubledigit overall inflation in the U.S. and in several other developed economies. Indeed, central bankers say they are determined not to let this experience recur, emphasizing that they intend to maintain their credibility with the public in securing low inflation and achieving stable and well-anchored inflation expectations. In pursuing these goals, a key measure policymakers often focus on is core inflation; this may seem surprising, since core inflation excludes energy prices, among other things.

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Short-Term World Oil Price Forecast  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: This graph shows monthly average spot West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices. Spot WTI crude oil prices peaked last fall as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. So where do we see crude oil prices going from here? Crude oil prices are expected to be about $28-$30 per barrel for the rest of this year, but note the uncertainty bands on this projection. They give an indication of how difficult it is to know what these prices are going to do. Also, EIA does not forecast volatility. This relatively flat forecast could be correct on average, with wide swings around the base line. Let's explore why we think prices will likely remain high, by looking at an important market barometer - inventories - which measures the

69

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at about $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

70

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

71

Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What drives crude oil prices? What drives crude oil prices? November 13, 2013 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 13, 2013 2 price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer role Iran-Iraq War Iranian revolution Arab Oil Embargo Asian financial crisis U.S. spare capacity exhausted Global financial collapse 9-11 attacks OPEC cuts targets 1.7 mmbpd OPEC cuts targets 4.2 mmbpd Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Thomson Reuters 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil

72

Table 1. Crude Oil Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

5 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly October 2013 Table 1. Crude Oil Prices (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Domestic

73

Table 1. Crude Oil Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

5 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly February 2012 Table 1. Crude Oil Prices (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Domestic

74

Futures oil market outlook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We expect the broader expansion of global economic activity in 1995 to more than offset the anticipated slowdown in the US economic growth. This should result in worldwide oil demand growth in excess of 1 million barrels per day and firmer oil prices. This comes on the heels of nearly identical growth in 1994 and should be followed by an even larger increase in 1996. This year`s demand growth comes against a backdrop of flat OPEC production and an increase in non-OPEC supplies that will fall short of the expected increase in consumption. Some degree of political upheaval in at least a half dozen important oil exporting nations could also have implication for crude supplies. One major wildcard that remains for global oil markets is the status of the United Nations` sanctions on Iraqi exports and the timing of when these sanctions are to be eased or lifted completely.

Saucer, J. [Smith Barney, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices are determined by demand and supply in our market economy. Fuel demand is affected mainly by economic conditions, and for heating oil, the weather.

76

International Energy Outlook 2001 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) In the IEO2001 forecast, periodic production adjustments by OPEC members are not expected to have a significant long-term impact on world oil markets. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. Crude oil prices remained above $25 per barrel in nominal terms for most of 2000 and have been near $30 per barrel in the early months of 2001. Prices were influenced by the disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPECÂ’s successful market management strategy was an attempt to avoid a repeat of the ultra-low oil price environment of 1998 and early 1999. Three additional factors contributed to the resiliency of oil prices in

77

International Energy Outlook 1999 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

oil.gif (4669 bytes) oil.gif (4669 bytes) A moderate view of future oil market developments is reflected in IEO99. Sustained high levels of oil prices are not expected, whereas continued expansion of the oil resource base is anticipated. The crude oil market was wracked with turbulence during 1998, as prices fell by one-third on average from 1997 levels. Even without adjusting for inflation, the world oil price in 1998 was the lowest since 1973. The declining oil prices were influenced by an unexpected slowdown in the growth of energy demand worldwide—less than any year since 1990—and by increases in oil supply, particularly in 1997. Although the increase in world oil production in 1998 was smaller than in any year since 1993, efforts to bolster prices by imposing further limits on production were

78

OIL PRICES AND THE WORLD ECONOMY 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Oil prices, associated with bouts of inflation and economic instability over the last 30 years, have been rising in recent months. We argue that the inflationary consequences of a rise in oil prices depend upon the policy response of the monetary authorities. They can ameliorate the short term impacts on output, but only at the cost of higher inflation. In the short term the size and distribution of output effects from an increase in oil prices depends on the intensity of oil use in production and on the speed at which oil producers spend their revenue. In the medium term higher oil prices change the terms of trade between the OECD and the rest of the world and hence reduce the equilibrium level of output in the OECD. In this paper we first discuss oil market developments and survey previous studies on the impacts of increases in oil prices. We then use our model, NiGEM, to evaluate the impact of temporary and permanent oil price increases on the world economy under various policy responses, and also analyse the impact of a decline in the speed of oil revenue recycling. 1 This paper has benefited from inputs from a number of colleagues at the Institute, and we would like to thank

Ray Barrell; Olga Pomerantz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

80

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices Crude Oil Price Cycles Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices.(Prices through March 3, 2000) Low...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through ...

82

Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Prices are one of the first signals in deciphering what is happening in the market. This chart shows propane prices (both spot and retail) as well as spot heating oil ...

83

Oil Prices and Long-Run Risk.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I show that relative levels of aggregate consumption and personal oil consumption provide anexcellent proxy for oil prices, and that high oil prices predict low… (more)

READY, ROBERT

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

The effects of oil prices and other economic indicators on housing prices in Calgary, Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis aims to answer: (1) to what extent can oil prices and other economic indicators predict the changes in housing prices and rent in the Calgary single family housing market and (2) to determine what the lag time ...

Padilla, Mercedes A. (Mercedes Angeles)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of the first signals in deciphering what is happening in the market. This chart shows propane prices (both spot and retail) as well as WTI. As you can see, most prices track the...

86

World Oil Price Cases (released in AEO2005)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

World oil prices in AEO2005 are set in an environment where the members of OPEC are assumed to act as the dominant producers, with lower production costs than other supply regions or countries. Non-OPEC oil producers are assumed to behave competitively, producing as much oil as they can profitability extract at the market price for oil. As a result, the OPEC member countries will be able effectively to set the price of oil when they can act in concert by varying their aggregate production. Alternatively, OPEC members could target a fixed level of production and let the world market determine the price.

Information Center

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Microsoft Word - high-oil-price.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Short Term Energy Outlook Short Term Energy Outlook 1 STEO Supplement: Why are oil prices so high? During most of the 1990s, the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price averaged close to $20 per barrel, before plunging to almost $10 per barrel in late 1998 as a result of the Asian financial crisis slowing demand growth while extra supply from Iraq was entering the market for the first time since the Gulf War. Subsequently, as Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) producers more closely adhered to a coordinated production quota and reduced output, crude oil prices not only recovered, but increased to about $30 per barrel as demand grew as Asian economies recovered. The most recent increase in crude oil prices began in 2004, when they almost doubled from 2003 levels, rising from about $30 per barrel at the end

88

Crude-oil market report  

SciTech Connect

The crude oil market has been both quieter and thinner during the past few months. Various factors, including OPEC restraints, settlement of the British coal strike, and dollar exchange rates, have been stabilizing, although erratic output by Iran and the Soviet Union have caused fluctuations in prices. Higher gasoline prices have triggered a preference for sweet crudes and a possible shortage during the summer motoring season. Oil stocks appear to be at the bottom now, but restocking activities will probably not cause shortages. The author forecasts a continued weak market. 2 tables.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Winter Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Residential heating oil prices reflect a similar pattern to that shown in spot prices. However, like other retail petroleum prices, they tend to lag changes in wholesale prices in both directions, with the result that they don't rise as rapidly or as much, but they take longer to recede. This chart shows the residential heating oil prices collected under the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP), which only runs during the heating season, from October through March. The spike in New York Harbor spot prices last winter carried through to residential prices throughout New England and the Central Atlantic states. Though the spike actually lasted only a few weeks, residential prices ended the heating season well above where they had started.

90

Retail Market Based Pricing: Retail Market Based Pricing - Three Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customers are not provided with incentives for efficient conservation and substitution of electricity away from peak periods if they do not face prices that reflect the real-time cost of purchasing wholesale electricity that is experienced by their retail energy provider. Recent events in California's restructured electricity market underscore the importance of developing products and structures that enable demand response to changes in prices in these markets. This report assembles three studies of cust...

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

91

2 World Oil Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.eia.gov Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) 140 120 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil WTI crude oil price Global financial collapse 100 80 60 U.S. spare capacity exhausted Iran-Iraq War Saudis abandon swing producer role Asian financial crisis 9-11 attacks Low spare capacity

Adam Sieminski Administrator; Adam Sieminski; Adam Sieminski

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

California Crude Oil Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Crude Oil Prices 6/2/98. Click here to start. Table of Contents. California Crude Oil Prices. CA Crude Oil Price History. World Petroleum Supply/Demand Balance

93

Residential Heating Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

We normally collect and publish this data twice a month, but given the low stocks and high prices, we started tracking the prices weekly.

94

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

95

The Information Efficiency of Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aggregation of information in competitive markets, Journalstock markets where trades have diverse information, JournalTHE INFORMATION EFFICIENCY OF MARKET PRICES July 1985 by

Bossaerts, Peter

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

mid-January, 2000. WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per mid-January, 2000. WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from its low point in mid February 1999 to January 17, 2000. Over this same time period, New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents per gallon, reflecting both the crude price rise and the beginning of a return to a more usual seasonal spread over the price of crude oil. The week ending January 21, distillate spot prices in the Northeast spiked dramatically to record levels, closing on Friday at $1.26 per gallon -- up 50 cents from the prior week. Gulf Coast prices were not spiking, but were probably pulled higher as the New York Harbor market began to draw on product from other areas. They closed at 83 cents per gallon, an increase of 11 cents from the prior Friday. Crude oil had risen about 4 cents from

97

Import policy effects on the optimal oil price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A steady increase in oil imports leaves oil importing countries increasingly vulnerable tofuture oil price shocks. Using a variation of the U.S. EIA`s oil market simulation model, equilibria displaying multiple price shocks is derived endogenously as a result of optimizing behavior on the part of OPEC. Here we investigate the effects that an oil import tariff and a petroleum stock release policy may have on an OPEC optimal price path. It is shown that while both policies can reduce the magnitude of future price shocks neither may be politically or technically feasible. 21 refs., 7 figs., 6 tabs.

Suranovic, S.M. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

98

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

99

Table 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA-182, "Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Report." 23. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

100

Oil Price Trackers Inspired by Immune Memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We outline initial concepts for an immune inspired algorithm to evaluate and predict oil price time series data. The proposed solution evolves a short term pool of trackers dynamically, with each member attempting to map trends and anticipate future price movements. Successful trackers feed into a long term memory pool that can generalise across repeating trend patterns. The resulting sequence of trackers, ordered in time, can be used as a forecasting tool. Examination of the pool of evolving trackers also provides valuable insight into the properties of the crude oil market.

Wilson, WIlliam; Aickelin, Uwe

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linking Oil Prices, Gas Prices, Economy, Transport, and Land Use A Review of Empirical Findings Hongwei Dong, Ph.D. Candidate John D. Hunt, Professor John Gliebe, Assistant Professor #12;Framework Oil-run Short and Long-run #12;Topics covered by this presentation: Oil price and macro-economy Gas price

Bertini, Robert L.

102

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

103

Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 Notes: This graph illustrates how crude oil explains much of the large movements in gasoline prices that we have seen over time -- such as during the Gulf War at the end of 1990,...

104

Table 1. Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

month of loading, the month of landing, or sometime between those events. Prices for crude oil can be determined at a time other than the acquisition date. See the Explanatory...

105

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other Liquids, andWorld Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other Liquids, andProduction of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other Liquids, and Re?

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas, Heating Oil and Gasoline,” NBER Working Paper.2006. “China’s Growing Demand for Oil and Its Impact on U.S.and Income on Energy and Oil Demand,” Energy Journal 23(1),

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait, inday. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.Arabia PRODUCTION QUOTA Iran PRODUCTION QUOTA Venezuela

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Price Changes in the Gasoline Market  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1999 Price Changes in the Gasoline Market Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky? Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the...

109

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

well below unity accounts for the broad trends we see in the share of oil purchases in totalWells. ” Middle panel: percent of U.S. total crude oil

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a “negative” storage cost for oil in the form of a bene?tin levels. oil for more than your costs, that is, if P t+1 QSaudi oil, and M S the Saudi’s marginal cost of production.

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Oil and natural gas reserve prices, 1982-2002 : implications for depletion and investment cost  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A time series is estimated of in-ground prices - as distinct from wellhead prices ? of US oil and natural gas reserves for the period 1982-2002, using market purchase and sale transaction information. The prices are a ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Next Stop for Oil Prices: $100 or $150?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation provides an analysis of the various factors behind a six year, six-folding in oil prices and the market conditions likely to either accelerate that rise or result in a significant downturn.

Information Center

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

113

Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

18.60 19.11 18.73 18.63 17.97 18.75 18.10 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

114

Distillate and Spot Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. The price for distillate fuel oil tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall in 1997 and 1998. Distillate prices have also followed crude oil prices up since the beginning of 1999. Actual data show heating oil prices on the East Coast in June at $1.20 per gallon, up 39 cents over last June. However, if heating oil prices are following diesel, they may be up another 5 cents in August. That would put heating oil prices about 40 cents over last August prices. Crude oil prices are only up about 25 cents in August over year ago levels. The extra 15 cents represents improved refiner margins due in part to the very low distillate inventory level.

115

Limit order markets, liquidity, and price impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I explore various aspects of market liquidity and analyze its effect on asset prices. First, in a model of a limit order market I explain how to define liquidity and derive a price impact function. Second, ...

Rosu, Ioanid, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Gas importers still resisting price parity with crude oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The pricing of natural gas on a parity with crude oil has become an important issue in the international energy market. A prime example of the hostility that can arise over this issue is the ongoing argument between the US and Algeria over the price of SONATRACH's LNG exports to El Paso Co. Because LNG shipping and regasification costs add substantially to its delivered (c.i.f.) cost, price parity at the point of export (f.o.b.) would put LNG's price far above that of crude oil or natural gas. Other LNG exporters, such as Indonesia and Libya, seem to be adopting Algeria's pricing stance. Most European LNG customers believe that if f.o.b. price parity - or even some of the c.i.f. price-calculation methods - becomes the established formula, LNG will be priced out of many industrial markets. Without the big contracts from industry, existing LNG projects might not be economical.

Vielvoye, R.

1981-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

117

International Energy Outlook - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2004 World Oil Markets In the IEO2004 forecast, OPEC export volumes are expected to more than double while non-OPEC suppliers maintain their edge over OPEC in overall production. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2025 as the oil resource base is further developed. Throughout most of 2003, crude oil prices remained near the top of the range preferred by producers in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), $22 to $28 per barrel for the OPEC “basket price.” OPEC producers continued to demonstrate disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production. Throughout 2003, the upward turn in crude oil prices was brought about by a combination of three factors. First, a general strike against the Chavez regime resulted in a sudden loss of much of Venezuela’s oil exports. Although the other OPEC producers agreed to increase their production capacities to make up for the lost Venezuelan output, the obvious strain on worldwide spare capacity kept prices high. Second, price volatility was exacerbated by internal conflict in Nigeria. Third, prospects for a return to normalcy in the Iraqi oil sector remained uncertain as residual post-war turmoil continued in Iraq.

118

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

disruptions, and the peak in U.S. oil production account foroil increased 81.1% (logarithmically) between January 1979 and the peak

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Oil Price Decline Started a Year Ago  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

are generally the product of several influences. Because gasoline is refined from crude oil, of course, the price of crude is the single biggest determinant of gasoline prices....

120

EIA projects record winter household heating oil prices in the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home; Browse by Tag; Most Popular Tags. electricity; oil/petroleum; liquid fuels; natural gas; prices; states; ... Heating oil prices largely reflect crude oil prices.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Forecasting Crude Oil Spot Price Using OECD Petroleum Inventory  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Forecasting Forecasting Crude Oil Spot Price Using OECD Petroleum Inventory Levels MICHAEL YE, ∗ JOHN ZYREN, ∗∗ AND JOANNE SHORE ∗∗ Abstract This paper presents a short-term monthly forecasting model of West Texas Intermedi- ate crude oil spot price using OECD petroleum inventory levels. Theoretically, petroleum inventory levels are a measure of the balance, or imbalance, between petroleum production and demand, and thus provide a good market barometer of crude oil price change. Based on an understanding of petroleum market fundamentals and observed market behavior during the post-Gulf War period, the model was developed with the objectives of being both simple and practical, with required data readily available. As a result, the model is useful to industry and government decision-makers in forecasting price and investigat- ing the impacts of changes on price, should inventories,

122

Electricity market clearing price forecasting under a deregulated electricity market .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Under deregulated electric market, electricity price is no longer set by the monopoly utility company rather it responds to the market and operating conditions. Offering… (more)

Yan, Xing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Testing for market integration crude oil, coal, and natural gas  

SciTech Connect

Prompted by the contemporaneous spike in coal, oil, and natural gas prices, this paper evaluates the degree of market integration both within and between crude oil, coal, and natural gas markets. Our approach yields parameters that can be readily tested against a priori conjectures. Using daily price data for five very different crude oils, we conclude that the world oil market is a single, highly integrated economic market. On the other hand, coal prices at five trading locations across the United States are cointegrated, but the degree of market integration is much weaker, particularly between Western and Eastern coals. Finally, we show that crude oil, coal, and natural gas markets are only very weakly integrated. Our results indicate that there is not a primary energy market. Despite current price peaks, it is not useful to think of a primary energy market, except in a very long run context.

Bachmeier, L.J.; Griffin, J.M. [Texas A& amp; M Univ, College Station, TX (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Real and Nominal Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

crude oil price (represented by the average price paid by U.S. refiners for foreign crude oil) in 2000 is estimated by EIA at 27.86 per barrel. By comparison, the peak annual...

125

Distillate Prices Increasing With Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. Distillate tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall...

126

Retail Product Prices Are Driven By Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel have risen strongly over the past two years, driven mostly by the rise in world crude oil prices to their highest levels since the Persian Gulf War. Of course, there are a number of other significant factors that impact retail product prices, the most important of which is the supply/demand balance for each product. But the point of this slide is to show that generally speaking, as world crude oil prices rise and fall, so do retail product prices. Because of the critical importance of crude oil price levels, my presentation today will look first at global oil supply and demand, and then at the factors that differentiate the markets for each product. I'll also talk briefly about natural gas, and the impact that gas

127

Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

August 24, 2011 Department of Energy Washington, DC 8:30 a.m. Check-in and coffee break 9:00 a.m. Opening remarks by EIA Deputy Administrator and introductions of the participants 9:30 a.m. Morning session 1: Changes in oil futures market participation and cross- market linkage: Do speculators affect oil prices? Paper Title: Does "Paper Oil" Matter? * Presenter: Michel Robe, American University * Discussant: by: James Smith, SMU * Questions, answers and discussions by all participants 11:00 a.m. Coffee break 11:15 a.m. Morning session 2: Index investment, the financialization of commodities and oil price bubbles Paper Title: Investor Flows and the 2008 Boom/Burst in Oil Prices * Presenter: Kenneth Singleton, Stanford University

128

Oil Price and the Dollar Virginie Coudert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Price and the Dollar Virginie Coudert , Val´erie Mignon , Alexis Penot§ 6th April 2005 Abstract The aim of this paper is to test whether a stable long-term relationship exists between oil prices and causality study between the two variables. Our results indicate that causality runs from oil prices

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

129

Impact of Changing Fuel and Power Market Structures on Price Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing electricity and fuel price risks is a daily task in today's competitive markets. It is tempting to try to extract insights from past price behavior. This report analyzes short-term price relationships for electricity and natural gas (for example, price volatilities and correlations) but goes farther, examining overarching price regimes that provide context for observed prices and required risk management. Spanning electricity, natural gas, oil, coal, and emission allowances markets, the interpre...

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

130

International Energy Outlook 2006 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Markets Oil Markets International Energy Outlook 2006 Chapter 3: World Oil Markets In the IEO2006 reference case, world oil demand increases by 47 percent from 2003 to 2030. Non-OECD Asia, including China and India, accounts for 43 percent of the increase. In the IEO2006 reference case, world oil demand grows from 80 million barrels per day in 2003 to 98 million barrels per day in 2015 and 118 million barrels per day in 2030. Demand increases strongly despite world oil prices that are 35 percent higher in 2025 than in last yearÂ’s outlook. Much of the growth in oil consumption is projected for the nations of non-OECD Asia, where strong economic growth is expected. Non-OECD Asia (including China and India) accounts for 43 percent of the total increase in world oil use over the projection period.

131

OIL PRICES AND LONG-RUN RISK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I show that relative levels of aggregate consumption and personal oil consumption provide an excellent proxy for oil prices, and that high oil prices predict low future aggregate consumption growth. Motivated by these facts, I add an oil consumption good to the long-run risk model of Bansal and Yaron [2004] to study the asset pricing implications of observed changes in the dynamic interaction of consumption and oil prices. Empirically I observe that, compared to the first half of my 1987- 2010 sample, oil consumption growth in the last 10 years is unresponsive to levels of oil prices, creating an decrease in the mean-reversion of oil prices, and an increase in the persistence of oil price shocks. The model implies that the change in the dynamics of oil consumption generates increased systematic risk from oil price shocks due to their increased persistence. However, persistent oil prices also act as a counterweight for shocks to expected consumption growth, with high expected growth creating high expectations of future oil prices which in turn slow down growth. The combined effect is to reduce overall consumption risk and lower the equity premium. The model also predicts that these changes affect the riskiness of of oil futures contracts, and combine to create a hump shaped

Robert Ready; Robert Clayton Ready; Robert Clayton Ready; Amir Yaron

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Puzzle of Asymmetric Effects of Oil: New Results from International Stock Markets ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous work has documented that oil price changes have nonlinear effects in the economy and in stock market returns. We show that the nonlinear effects are different depending on whether countries are energy dependent or not. While price soars seem to have a negative effect on the stock markets of oil energy dependent countries, they have a positive effect on the stock markets of oil exporting countries. Stock market returns are negatively affected by oil price volatility in energy dependent countries and positively in oil exporting countries. Moreover, we find bi-directional effects between oil price increases and some oil volatility measures that can be reinforced with volatility feedback. The asymmetric effects found in oil dependent and oil exporting countries seem to fit into the offset mechanism proposed in the literature where oil price shocks interact both with oil price volatility and the economy. The results are also consistent with the finding that oil exporting countries benefit economically from oil price hikes.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Dynamic Pricing and Learning in Electricity Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the price-formation process in an infinite-horizon oligopoly model where hydroelectric generators engage in dynamic price-based competition. The analysis focuses on the role of "indifference" prices, i.e., prices that equate the gains from ... Keywords: Dynamic auctions, Economics, Games: stochastic, Natural resources: energy, Noncooperative, Restructured electricity markets, Water resources

Alfredo Garcia; Enrique Campos-Nañez; James Reitzes

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Electricity Market Design and Price Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration of physical transactions and financial contracts is central to successful electricity market design. Virtually every energy transaction has some impact on prices. The mere fact that a physical transaction can affect prices to some degree, and thereby influence the prices of related financial contracts, cannot be a per se definition of price manipulation. A principled policy for characterizing price manipulation in organized electricity markets includes a stand-alone profitability test. Multiple market-clearing prices arise from degenerate pricing conditions that can occur in electricity markets under economic dispatch. In some instances, small changes in bilateral schedules can produce large changes in prices. These prices affect the value of associated financial transmission rights. A stand-alone profitability test distinguishes transactions that are consistent with workably competitive markets from transactions that serve no economic purpose other than to manipulate prices and profit from other financial contracts. Generalizing this standard to the degenerate conditions that give rise to multiple market-clearing prices provides a principled solution without undermining the market-design foundations that integrate economic dispatch, locational prices and financial transmission rights.

William W. Hogan; William W. Hogan I

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

An Analysis of Price Volatility in Natural Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Market prices respond to shifts in supply and demand, and the degree of price response relates to the price elasticity of both. Natural gas prices have been particularly

136

Next Stop for Oil Prices: $100 or $150? - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This presentation provides an analysis of the various factors behind a six year, six-folding in oil prices and the market conditions likely to either accelerate that ...

137

New York Home Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 of 15 5 of 15 Notes: The severity of this spot price increase is causing dramatic changes in residential home heating oil prices, although residential price movements are usually a little slower and spread out over time compared to spot prices. Wholesale prices increased over 50 cents from January 17 to January 24, while retail increased 44 cents in New York. Diesel prices are showing a similar pattern to residential home heating oil prices, and are indicating that home heating oil prices may not have peaked yet, although spot prices are dropping. Diesel prices in New England and the Mid-Atlantic increased 30-40 cents January 24 over the prior week, and another 13-15 cents January 31. Spot prices plummeted January 31, closing at 82 cents per gallon, indicating the worst part of the crisis may be over, but it is still a

138

Crude Oil Price Prediction Using Slantlet Denoising Based Hybrid Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accurate prediction of crude oil price movement has always been the central issue with profound implications across different levels of the economy. This study conducts empirical investigations into the characteristics of crude oil market and proposes ... Keywords: Slantlet Analysis, ARMA Model, Hybrid Forecasting Algorithm, Rrandom Walk Model, Support Vector Regression

Kaijian He; Kin Keung Lai; Jerome Yen

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Economic Effects of High Oil Prices (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The AEO2006 projections of future energy market conditions reflect the effects of oil prices on the macroeconomic variables that affect oil demand, in particular, and energy demand in general. The variables include real GDP growth, inflation, employment, exports and imports, and interest rates.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Utility Marketing Strategies & Pricing Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing seems to have come out of the utility closet once again, but it is a far sight different from that of the 1970s. While some are still on a “sell, Sell, SELL!” campaign, most are soberly looking at their customers from a different perspective. They are concerned about losing them to other service territories or seeing them vanish to domestic and foreign competition. There is a sense of a “strategic alliance” being sought by the most proactive of utilities in which they become allies of their customers. In this sense, the issue of how much these customers purchased from them vanishes into the shadows of the more important elements of the relationships. Oh sure, there still are some pushing technology as the customer’s answer. And there are others using incentive and other rate gambits to develop strategic load building. But there is a definite trend emerging toward building the relationship for the long haul and putting short range profit or number game objectives on the back burner. This paper investigates the most successful current utility marketing postures, how they are changing, where pricing fits in and what we are likely to see within the next few years. We will also illustrate the potential traps in competitive marketing and customer service that still lie in wait. We still see a major number of current marketing efforts that are unbalanced, unfairly reward luck, are wasteful and counterproductive. As many of you know, we strongly believe marketing must move from technology-based, “silver bullet” competition, frenetic non-competitive load retention dissipation and load claiming to relational-based marketing in which absolute integrity and service and their consequent trust become paramount. We believe utilities must build honest relationships with all their customers, not merely their energy purchasers. These include their fuel suppliers and regulators. When a utility is not trusted, the competitive situation is reduced to that of a commodity supplier in which price and terms constitute the whole of the relationship. Utilities reduced to this level of inadequate customer service ultimately will lose to those that recognize the alternative of adding value. As the nature and consequences of competition increase, so does the importance of breaking from the methods of the past.

Gilbert, J. S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Commerical Price - Marketers - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

142

Auction market simulator for price based operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the passage of new public utility regulatory policies, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) encourages an open market system for price based operation. A previous paper describes a framework for price based operation and the associated technical issues in an auction market structure. This paper presents an auction market simulator to experimentally study the aspects of power system operation in price-based environment. The proposed simulator can also be used as a tool to train the system operators how to perform electric power transaction in the deregulated environment. This paper presents the simulation results of auction market for price based operation in the 24-bus, 10-generator IEEE Reliability Test System.

Kumar, J.; Sheble, G. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

144

Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of the Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 Izmir, Turkey Oils and Fats World Market Update 2011 ...

145

Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Archive of AOCS Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 Kiev, Ukraine Oils and Fats World Market Update 2013 ...

146

The effect of oil price shocks on the macroeconomy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The traditional view of oil price movements is that they represent exogenous changes in the supply of oil. In that case, oil price increases will… (more)

Embergenov, Bakhitbay

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Higher oil prices: Can OPEC raise prices by cutting production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

OPEC's ability to raise prices is evaluated with a model that projects the supply and demand. As part of the model, a new methodology to forecast for the rate of production by non-OPEC nations is developed. A literature review of techniques for estimating oil supply and annual rates of production indicates a new methodology is needed. The new technique incorporates the geological, engineering, and economic aspects of the oil industry by synthesizing curve fitting and econometric techniques. It is used to analyze data for eight regions for non-OPEC oil production: the lower 48 states, Alaska, Canada, Mexico, non-OPEC South America, Western Europe, non-OPEC Africa, and non-OPEC Asia. OPEC's ability to raise prices is examined by tracking the percentage oil US oil demand supplied by imports, the portion of oil demand in Western Europe supplied by local production, the percentage of WOCA oil demand supplied by OPEC and Real OPEC revenues. Results of the model indicate that OPEC can raise oil prices in the early 1990s. OPEC can raise and sustain oil prices near $25 (1982 dollars). Higher oil prices ($35) are not sustainable before 2000 because reduced demand and increased non-OPEC production shrink OPEC revenues below acceptable levels. After 2000, $35 prices are sustainable.

Kaufmann, R.K.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

MATHEMATICS Price dynamics in political prediction markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- gate the price dynamics of prediction markets with the goal of developing methods to identify the trulyAPPLIED MATHEMATICS POLITICAL SCIENCES Price dynamics in political prediction markets Saikat Ray City, IA 52242; and d Department Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston

Amaral, Luis A.N.

149

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal ...

150

Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” QuarterlyGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of7] Eckert, A. “Retail Price Cycles and Response Asymmetry”,

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Implied volatility in oil markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modelling the implied volatility surface as a function of an option's strike price and maturity is a subject of extensive research in financial markets. The implied volatility in commodity markets is much less studied, due to a limited liquidity and ...

Svetlana Borovkova; Ferry J. Permana

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

CRUDE OIL PRICE FLUCTUATIONS AND SAUDI ARABIAN BEHAVIOUR by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The responsibility for the contents of the working paper rests with the author, not the Institute. Since working papers are of a preliminary nature, it may be useful to contact the author of a particular working paper about results or caveats before referring to, or quoting, a paper. Any comments on working papers should be sent directly to the author. CRUDE OIL PRICE FLUCTUATIONS AND SAUDI ARABIAN BEHAVIOUR* This study seeks to explain why crude oil prices fluctuate, the main cause being the quota regime, which characterises the OPEC agreements. Given that the Saudi oil supply is inelastic in the short term, a shock in the oil market is accommodated by an immediate price change. In contrast, a dominant firm behaviour in the long term causes an output change, which is accompanied by a smaller price change. This explains why oil prices overshoot. The results of a general equilibrium model applied to Saudi Arabia support this analysis. They also indicate that Saudi Arabia does not have any incentive in altering the crude oil market equilibrium with either positive or negative supply shocks; and that its behaviour is asymmetric in the presence of world demand shocks, having an incentive (disincentive) in intervening if a negative (positive) demand shock hits the crude oil market. A second set of simulations is designed to understand what might be a correct OECD policy to lower prices. A tax cut would worsen the situation, whereas policies which can increase the price elasticity of demand seem to be very effective. * I have benefited from discussions with Christiane Kasten, Bodo Steiner and Manfred Wiebelt. All errors are my responsibility.

Roberto A. De Santis; Roberto A. De Santis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Respond Asymmet- rically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” Theof the Pricing of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products. ” Reportwholesale gasoline prices. Crude oil prices are obviously

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

High heating oil prices discourage heating oil supply contracts ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA's Short-Term Energy and Winter Fuels Outlook expects the U.S. home heating oil price will average $3.71 per gallon for the season, ...

155

Future world oil prices: modeling methodologies and summary of recent forecasts  

SciTech Connect

This paper has three main objectives. First, the various methodologies that have been developed to explain historical oil price changes and forecast future price trends are reviewed and summarized. Second, the paper summarizes recent world oil price forecasts, and, then possible, discusses the methodologies used in formulating those forecasts. Third, utilizing conclusions from the reviews of the modeling methodologies and the recent price forecasts, in combination with an assessment of recent and projected oil market trends, oil price projections are given for the time period 1987 to 2022. The paper argues that modeling methodologies have undergone significant evolution during the past decade as modelers increasingly recognize the complex and constantly changing structure of the world oil market. Unfortunately, at this point in time a consensus about the appropriate methodology to use in formulating oil price forecasts is yet to be reached. There is, however, a general movement toward the opinion that both economic and political factors should be considered when making price projections. Likewise, there is no consensus about future oil price trends. Forecasts differ widely. However, in general, forecasts have been adjusted downwardly in recent years. Further, an overall assessment of the forecasts and recent oil market trends suggests that oil prices will remain constant in real terms for the remainder of the 1980s. Real oil prices are expected to increase by between 2 and 3% during the 1990s and beyond. Forecasters are quick to point out, however, that all forecasts are subject to significant uncertainty. 69 references, 3 figures, 10 tables.

Curlee, T.R.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Forecasting world oil prices: the evolution of modeling methodologies and summary of recent projections  

SciTech Connect

This paper has three main objectives: (1) to review and summarize the varios methodologies that have been developed to explain historical oil price changes and forecast future price trends, (2) to summarize recent world oil price forecasts, and, when possible, discuss the methodologies used in formulating those forecasts, and (3) utilizing conclusions from the reviews of the modeling methodologies and the recent price forecasts, in combination with an assessment of recent and projected oil market trends, to give oil price projections for the time period 1987 to 2022. The paper argues that modeling methodologies have undergone significant evolution during the past decade as modelers increasingly recognize the complex and constantly changing structure of the world oil market. Unfortunately, a consensus about the appropriate methodology to use in formulating oil price forecasts is yet to be reached. There is, however, a general movement toward the opinion that both economic and political factors should be considered when making price projections. Likewise, there is no consensus about future oil price trends. Forecasts differ widely. However, in general, forecasts have been adjusted downwardly in recent years. Further, an overall assessment of the forecasts and recent oil market trends suggests that oil prices will remain constant in real terms for the remainder of the 1980s. Real oil prices are expected to increase by between 2 and 3% during the 1990s and beyond. Forecasters are quick to point out, however, that all forecasts are subject to significant uncertainty. 68 references, 1 figure, 6 tables.

Curlee, T.R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? The cost of crude oil is a major component in the price of diesel fuel, gasoline, and heating oil.

158

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? - FAQ ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why don't fuel prices change as quickly as crude oil prices? The cost of crude oil is a major component in the price of diesel fuel, gasoline, and heating oil.

159

System dynamics, market microstructure and asset pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional asset pricing approaches are not able to explain extreme volatility and tail events that characterized financial markets in the past decade. System Dynamics theory, which is still underutilized in financial ...

Leika, Mindaugas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Do oil markets work; is OPEC dead  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the authors review what has happened in world oil markets since the 1970s and examine the prospects for OPEC and world oil prices. The paper summarizes the data for the last two decades: by fuel, by product, and by region. It focuses on OPEC and its members, examining the differences in behavior between its members and non-OPEC producers. The authors find that OPEC is clearly still relevant, if no longer very powerful. Its members have collectively reduced output dramatically, in an unsuccessful attempt to defend the price increases. They examine the important institutional changes of the last two decades, in comparison with the industry's stability for much of the century. They suggest an interpretation of OPEC's current situation. The paper summarizes the outlook for OPEC and the world oil market over the next two decades.

Gately, D. (New York Univ., NY (USA). Dept. of Economics)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

An Improved CAViaR Model for Oil Price Risk  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a benchmark for measuring market risk, Value-at-Risk (VaR) reduces the risk associated with any kind of asset to just a number (amount in terms of a currency), which can be well understood by regulators, board members, and other interested parties. ... Keywords: CAViaR, exponentially weighted moving average, oil price risk

Dashan Huang; Baimin Yu; Lean Yu; Frank J. Fabozzi; Masao Fukushima

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages II  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

II II September 27, 2012 Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, D.C. 20585 8:00 a.m. Check-in and coffee break 8:45 a.m. Opening remarks by Administrator and introductions of the participants 9:15 a.m. Morning session 1: Price behavior, benchmark spreads, oil futures market participation and trading activities of commodity index traders and physical traders Paper Title: Physical Market Conditions, Paper Market Activity, and the Brent- WTI Spread * Presenter: Michel Robe, American University and CFTC * Discussant: Lutz Kilian, University of Michigan * Questions, answers and discussions by all participants 10:45 a.m. Coffee break 11:00 a.m. Morning session 2: Speculative components and premium in crude oil prices:

163

Price changes in the gasoline market: Are Midwestern gasoline prices downward sticky?  

SciTech Connect

This report examines a recurring question about gasoline markets: why, especially in times of high price volatility, do retail gasoline prices seem to rise quickly but fall back more slowly? Do gasoline prices actually rise faster than they fall, or does this just appear to be the case because people tend to pay more attention to prices when they`re rising? This question is more complex than it might appear to be initially, and it has been addressed by numerous analysts in government, academia and industry. The question is very important, because perceived problems with retail gasoline pricing have been used in arguments for government regulation of prices. The phenomenon of prices at different market levels tending to move differently relative to each other depending on direction is known as price asymmetry. This report summarizes the previous work on gasoline price asymmetry and provides a method for testing for asymmetry in a wide variety of situations. The major finding of this paper is that there is some amount of asymmetry and pattern asymmetry, especially at the retail level, in the Midwestern states that are the focus of the analysis. Nevertheless, both the amount asymmetry and pattern asymmetry are relatively small. In addition, much of the pattern asymmetry detected in this and previous studies could be a statistical artifact caused by the time lags between price changes at different points in the gasoline distribution system. In other words, retail gasoline prices do sometimes rise faster than they fall, but this is largely a lagged market response to an upward shock in the underlying wholesale gasoline or crude oil prices, followed by a return toward the previous baseline. After consistent time lags are factored out, most apparent asymmetry disappears.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Secretary of Energy Samuel W....

165

New York Home Heating Oil Prices - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The severity of this spot price increase is causing dramatic changes in residential home heating oil prices, although residential price movements are usually a ...

166

Natural Gas and Crude Oil Prices in AEO (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

If oil and natural gas were perfect substitutes in all markets where they are used, market forces would be expected to drive their delivered prices to near equality on an energy-equivalent basis. The price of West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil generally is denominated in terms of barrels, where 1 barrel has an energy content of approximately 5.8 million Btu. The price of natural gas (at the Henry Hub), in contrast, generally is denominated in million Btu. Thus, if the market prices of the two fuels were equal on the basis of their energy contents, the ratio of the crude oil price (the spot price for WTI, or low-sulfur light, crude oil) to the natural gas price (the Henry Hub spot price) would be approximately 6.0. From 1990 through 2007, however, the ratio of natural gas prices to crude oil prices averaged 8.6; and in the AEO2009 projections from 2008 through 2030, it averages 7.7 in the low oil price case, 14.6 in the reference case, and 20.2 in the high oil price case.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Oil price shocks: Testing a macroeconomic model  

SciTech Connect

The main research objective was to answer the following question: Will Consumer Price Index forecast models utilizing computer oil-consumption ratios have better predictive capability as indicated by lower numerical differences from actual results than a model utilizing oil prices as the energy-related variable Multiple linear regressions were run on the components of the United States CPI to reduce them to a kernel set with meaningful predictive capability. New linear regressions were run with this kernel set and crude oil prices during the 1973 to 1984 time period. Crude oil prices were rationalized with a 1972 = 100 based index of GNP base petroleum consumption, the index of net energy imports, and the index of petroleum imports to create new oil substitute constructs to be used in multiple regressions with the CPI. Predictions obtained from the model were compared with actual results in the 1985-1987 time period to determine which model version showed the greatest predictive power. Results of the model tests show that oil prices are strongly related to the CPI, but neither the use of oil prices or the index of GNP-based petroleum consumption produced results that closely predict future prices.

Williams, D.D.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Investor Flows and the 2008 Boom/Bust in Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Investor Investor Flows and Speculation New Evidence on Investor Flows and Oil Prices References Investor Flows and the 2008 Boom/Bust in Oil Prices Kenneth J. Singleton Graduate School of Business Stanford University August, 2011 Introduction Investor Flows and Speculation New Evidence on Investor Flows and Oil Prices References Investor Flows, Speculation, and Oil Prices The role of speculation (broadly construed) in the dramatic rise and subsequent sharp decline in oil prices during 2008? Many attribute these swings to changes in fundamentals of supply and demand, within representative agent models. At the same time there is mounting evidence of the "financialization" of commodity markets. Objective: investigate the impact of investor flows and financial market conditions on crude-oil futures prices. Introduction Investor Flows and Speculation New Evidence on

169

What's Driving Oil Prices? James L. Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

$60 $80 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Real Price ($2005) #12;2 Hubbert's Curve (Peak Oil) PEAK OIL QUIZ Instructions: With books closed and eyes on your own paper, please mark the single best answer. 1. Peak oil production indicates: a) Half gone. b) Running out. c) Starting out. d) None

O'Donnell, Tom

170

Factors Affecting the Relationship between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Over the 1995-2005 period, crude oil prices and U.S. natural gas prices tended to move together, which supported the conclusion that the markets for the two commodities were connected. Figure 26 illustrates the fairly stable ratio over that period between the price of low-sulfur light crude oil at Cushing, Oklahoma, and the price of natural gas at the Henry Hub on an energy-equivalent basis.

Information Center

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

171

STEO January 2013 - world oil prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gap between U.S. and world oil prices to be cut by more than Gap between U.S. and world oil prices to be cut by more than half over next two years The current wide price gap between a key U.S. and a world benchmark crude oil is expected to narrow significantly over the next two years. The spot price for U.S. benchmark West Texas Intermediate crude oil, also known as WTI , averaged $94 a barrel in 2012. That's $18 less than North Sea Brent oil, which is a global benchmark crude that had an average price of $112 last year. The new monthly forecast from the U.S. Energy Information Administration expects the price gap between the two crude oils to shrink to $16 a barrel this year and then to $8 in 2014. That's when WTI would average $91 a barrel and Brent would be at $99. The smaller price gap will result from new pipelines coming on line that will lower the cost of

172

Oil Markets After the Hurricanes: Reversion to the Mean or Return to Recent Trend?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation focuses on the impacts Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma will have on oil markets (supply, demand, stocks, and imports) in the fourth quarter of 2005 and into 2006. The presentation looks examines whether oil markets are likely to return to much lower prices (the long term average) or continue the trend of high oil prices seen over the last couple of years.

Information Center

2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

173

Summary Statistics Table 1. Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

can be the month of loading, the month of landing, or sometime between those events. Prices for crude oil can be determined at a time other than the acquisition date. See the...

174

The Weak Tie Between Natural Gas and Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several recent studies establish that crude oil and natural gas prices are cointegrated, so that changes in the price of oil appear to translate into changes in the price of natural gas. Yet at times in the past, and very ...

Ramberg, David J.

175

Crude oil, natural gas, and petroleum products prices all fell ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

So oil prices averaged over the year decreased sharply while year-end price ... Imported Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil and Natural Gas Wellhead Prices, 1972-2009

176

Bank Security Prices and Market Discipline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, policymakers and bank regulators have been warming up to the idea of leveraging market forces to enhance banking supervision.This is partly motivated by the growing complexity of large banking organizations and by concerns about limiting the cost of bank supervision as well as avoiding unduly extending the bank safety net (see Kwan 2002). In order for market discipline to work, the market prices of banking securities must contain accurate and timely information about bank risk. Researchers in banking have been studying this issue for quite some time.This Economic Letter reviews the empirical evidence on the informativeness of bank security prices, focusing on the two most obvious sources of market information—stock and

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmet- rically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” The Quarterlyin West Texas Crude Oil Price Robust-Clustered standardin West Texas Crude Oil Price Robust-Clustered standard

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Oil futures price curve has steepened over the past six months ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil futures contracts allow crude to be bought and sold for delivery at specific dates in the future, meaning market participants can lock in a price today for ...

179

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Spot WTI crude oil prices broke $35 and even $36 per barrel in November as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. The recent decline in prices seems to be more the result of an unraveling of speculative pressures than a change in underlying fundamentals. Prices had been running higher than supply/demand fundamentals would have indicated throughout the fall months as a result of rising Mideast tensions, concern over the adequacy of distillate supplies, and expectations of Iraqi supply interruptions. But Mideast tensions seemed to ease in December and the market appeared to perceive a quick return of Iraqi crude oil supplies at full capacity. Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi

180

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy futures markets are ‘hubs’ that price and marketenergy price fluctuations. In theory, futures market pricesenergy prices, including most prominently, energy futures markets.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

local-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of theare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of the

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

local-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of theare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of the

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook Briefing for the State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference Wilmington, DE by Douglas MacIntyre

184

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

last week to 3.92 per gallon. That's down 11 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The price for...

185

Residential heating oil prices increase  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

last week to 3.96 per gallon. That's down 2.6 cents from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The price for...

186

Increases in oil prices affect broader measures of inflation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Over the past ten years, the Chained Consumer Price Index (C-CPI-U) ... oil price increases boost freight transportation costs—for example, ...

187

Using Neural Networks to Forecast Stock Market Prices Ramon Lawrence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Neural Networks to Forecast Stock Market Prices Ramon Lawrence Department of Computer Science on the application of neural networks in forecasting stock market prices. With their ability to discover patterns. Section 3 covers current analytical and computer methods used to forecast stock market prices

Lawrence, Ramon

188

Index Revision, House Price Risk, and the Market for House Price Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bias in repeat-sales home price indices. Freddie Mac workingpaper #05–03. Index Revision, House Price Risk, and theMarket for House Price Derivatives Calhoun, C. A. (1996).

Deng, Yongheng; Quigley, John M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy security and high oil prices, as well as greenhousetransaction costs, the oil prices in H equal the prices inat times when crude oil prices surged during 2002 to 2006 (

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

recently. Crude oil rose about 17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from the beginning of the latest "up cycle" in mid February 1999 to mid-January, 2000. Over this same time...

191

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ago to 3.98 per gallon. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil...

192

Electricity Market Price Forecasting in a Price-responsive Smart Grid Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this load is to use electricity market price forecasts to op- timally schedule a combination of the gas of Electricity Market Price Forecasting Errors: A Demand-Side Analysis Hamidreza Zareipour, Member, IEEE, Claudio--Several techniques have been proposed in the liter- ature to forecast electricity market prices and improve forecast

193

Ohio Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wholesale Heating Oil : Residential ... Weekly heating oil and propane prices are only collected during the heating season which extends from ... 3/20/2013: Next ...

194

The Relationship Between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, October 2006 2 Introduction Economic theory suggests that natural gas and crude oil prices should be related ...

195

Increases in oil prices affect broader measures of inflation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

While a barrel of light sweet crude oil may never make it onto the shopping list of the typical U.S. consumer, the effects of world oil price hikes on consumer prices ...

196

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #579: July 13, 2009 Oil Price...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9: July 13, 2009 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1970-2008 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 579: July 13, 2009 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1970-2008...

197

Why Are Oil Prices So High? - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Why Are Oil Prices So High? 1 Crude oil prices have increased dramatically in recent ... will be about 10 million barrels below the 5 ?year average by the end of this

198

What Do We Learn from the Price of Crude Oil Futures?” working paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Based on a two-country, multi-period general equilibrium model of the spot and futures markets for crude oil, we show that there is no theoretical support for the common view that oil futures prices are accurate predictors of the spot price in the mean-squared prediction error (MSPE) sense; yet under certain conditions there is support for the view that oil futures prices are unbiased predictors. Our empirical analysis documents that futures-based forecasts typically are less accurate than the no-change forecast and biased, although the bias is small. Much of the MSPE is driven by the variability of the futures price about the expected spot price, as captured by the basis. Empirically, the fluctuations in the oil futures basis are larger and more persistent than fluctuations in the basis of foreign exchange futures. Within the context of our theoretical model, this anomaly can be explained by the marginal convenience yield of oil inventories. We show that increased uncertainty about future oil supply shortfalls under plausible assumptions causes the basis to decline and precautionary demand for crude oil to increase, resulting in an immediate increase in the real spot price that is not necessarily associated with an accumulation of oil inventories. Our main result is that the negative of the basis may be viewed as an index of fluctuations in the price of crude oil driven by precautionary demand for oil. An empirical analysis of this index provides independent evidence of how shifts in market expectations about future oil supply shortfalls affect the spot price of crude oil. Such expectation shifts have been difficult to quantify, yet have been shown to play an important role in explaining oil price fluctuations. Our empirical results are consistent with related evidence in the literature obtained by alternative methodologies.

Ron Alquist; Lutz Kilian

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Do financial investors destabilize the oil price?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

N E 2 011 by Marco J. Lombardi and Ine Van Robays DO FINANCIAL INVESTORS DESTABILIZE THE OIL PRICE? WO R K I N G PA P E R S E R I E S N O 13 4 6 J U N E 2011 DO FINANCIAL...

200

EIA - AEO2010 - World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 Annual Energy Outlook 2010 with Projections to 2035 World oil prices and production trends in AEO2010 In AEO2010, the price of light, low-sulfur (or “sweet”) crude oil delivered at Cushing, Oklahoma, is tracked to represent movements in world oil prices. EIA makes projections of future supply and demand for “total liquids,” which includes conventional petroleum liquids—such as conventional crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, and refinery gain—in addition to unconventional liquids, which include biofuels, bitumen, coal-to-liquids (CTL), gas-to-liquids (GTL), extra-heavy oils, and shale oil. World oil prices can be influenced by a multitude of factors. Some tend to be short term, such as movements in exchange rates, financial markets, and weather, and some are longer term, such as expectations concerning future demand and production decisions by the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). In 2009, the interaction of market factors led prompt month contracts (contracts for the nearest traded month) for crude oil to rise relatively steadily from a January average of $41.68 per barrel to a December average of $74.47 per barrel [38].

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

World Oil Price, 1970-2020  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

World Oil Price, 1970-2020 World Oil Price, 1970-2020 (1999 dollars per barrel) 17.09 50- 45 - 40 - I Nominal dollars 35- 1995 _2020 15 - J 9, AE02000 5- 10 - HHistory Projections 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 35AS0570 ^a .i^ Petroleum Supply, Consumption, and Imports, 1970-2020 (million barrels per day) 30- History Projections 25 - 20 - 20~ Consumption _ Net imports 15 - Domestic supply . _ 5- 0 0 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 '-'e^~~~ u,~~ ~35AS0570 ., te Petroleum Consumption by Sector, 1970-2020 (million barrels per day) 20- History Projections 15- XTransportation 10 Industrial Eect i city gener - 5- 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 .n 35AS0570 r-N Crude Oil Production by Source, 1970-2020 (million barrels per day) 8 History Projections 6- Lower 48 conventional 4- Lower 48 offshore 2- lasa k r 0 § ^.^^^r"_ "^^"' ^Lower 48 EOR

202

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums Herv Alexandre*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices and government bond risk premiums By Hervé Alexandre*º Antonin de Benoist * Abstract : This article analyses the impact of oil price on bond risk premiums issued by emerging economies. No empirical study has yet focussed on the effects of the oil price on government bond risk premiums. We develop

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Sensitivity analysis of world oil prices. Analysis report AR/IA/79-47  

SciTech Connect

An analysis of the impact of the political disruption in Iran on the world oil market is presented. During the first quarter of 1979, this disruption caused a loss of approximately 5 million barrels per day (MMBD) of oil production available for export from Iran to the rest of the world. This loss of production and the political climate in Iran have caused much speculation concerning future Iranian oil production and total Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) oil production in the nearterm and midterm. The analysis describes these issues in terms of two critical factors: the world oil price and the level of OPEC oil production in the nearterm and midterm. A detailed comparison of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and Energy Information Agency (EIA) forecasting models of world oil prices is presented. This comparison consists of examining reasons for differences in the price forecasts of the CIA model by using CIA assumptions within the EIA model. The CIA and EIA model structures and major parameters are also compared. It is important to note that this analysis is not all encompassing. In particular, the analysis does not provide data on crude oil prices in the spot market, but does provide information on the average crude oil price; and does not permit rationing of oil, since the market is forced to clear only through changes in oil prices. Throughout this paper, world oil prices are defined in terms of real 1978 dollars per barrel of crude oil delivered to the East Coast of the United States net of any import fees.

Rodekohr, M.; Cato, D.

1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Spot WTI prices broke $35 and even $36 per barrel in November as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. The recent decline in prices seems to be more the result of an unraveling of speculative pressures than a change in underlying fundamentals. Prices had been running higher than supply/demand fundamentals would have indicated throughout the fall months as a result of rising Mideast tensions, concern over the adequacy of distillate supplies, and expectations of Iraqi supply interruptions. But Mideast tensions seemed to ease in December and the market appeared to perceive a quick return of Iraqi crude oil supplies at full capacity. Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi

205

Customer Response to Electricity Prices: Information to Support Wholesale Price Forecasting and Market Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding customer response to electricity price changes is critical to profitably managing a retail business, designing efficient wholesale power markets, and forecasting power prices for valuation of long-lived generating assets. This report packages the collective results of dozens of price response studies for use by forward price forecasters and power market analysts in forecasting loads, revenues, and the benefits of time-varying prices more accurately. In specific, the report describes key mea...

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

206

Middle distillate price monitoring system. Interim validation report. [No. 2 heating oil  

SciTech Connect

The Middle Distillate Price Monitoring System collects data on prices and gross margins for No. 2 heating oil from a sample of refiners, resellers, and retailers. The data is used to evaluate the level of competition and the reasonableness of prices in the heating oil market. It is concluded that the data does not provide a basis for determining whether a market is competitive, and that there is serious doubt as to the accuracy of the information collected by the system. Some recommendations are given for improving the quality of the information. (DLC)

Hopelain, D.G.; Freedman, D.; Rice, T.H.; Veitch, J.G.; Finlay, A.

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Customer reponse to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTPahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTPElectricity Prices

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Volatility in natural gas and oil markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using daily futures price data, I examine the behavior of natural gas and crude oil price volatility since 1990. I test whether there has been a significant trend in volatility, whether there was a short-term increase in ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Forecasting Model for Crude Oil Price Using Artificial Neural Networks and Commodity Futures Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a model based on multilayer feedforward neural network to forecast crude oil spot price direction in the short-term, up to three days ahead. A great deal of attention was paid on finding the optimal ANN model structure. In addition, several methods of data pre-processing were tested. Our approach is to create a benchmark based on lagged value of pre-processed spot price, then add pre-processed futures prices for 1, 2, 3,and four months to maturity, one by one and also altogether. The results on the benchmark suggest that a dynamic model of 13 lags is the optimal to forecast spot price direction for the short-term. Further, the forecast accuracy of the direction of the market was 78%, 66%, and 53% for one, two, and three days in future conclusively. For all the experiments, that include futures data as an input, the results show that on the short-term, futures prices do hold new information on the spot price direction. The results obtained will generate comprehensive understanding of the cr...

Kulkarni, Siddhivinayak

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Low World Oil Price Projections  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Low World Oil Price Case Projections (1990-2030) Low World Oil Price Case Projections (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Low World Oil Price Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Table Data Titles (1 to 12 complete) Low World Oil Price Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Low World Oil Price Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table E1 World Total Energy Consumption by Region, Low World Oil Price Case Table E1. World Total Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table E2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Low World Oil Price Case Table E2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

211

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009. “To What Electricity Price Do Consumers Respond?faced with nonlinear electricity price schedules. Nonlinearrates and multi-tier electricity prices, complicate economic

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Demand Pricing & Resource Allocation in Market- based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... While pricing operates on a comparatively slow ... and tracking the optimal price, admission control ... the time lag in varying and disseminating prices. ...

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

213

Brand and Price Advertising in Online Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. , "Electronic Commerce: Prices and Consumer Issues forFriedman, "Buyer Search and Price Dispersion: A Laboratory808. Chen, J. and P. Scholten, "Price Dispersion, Product

Baye, Michael; Morgan, John

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Capacity-constrained multiple-market price discrimination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a multiple-market price discrimination problem with different markets' demand elasticity and supply constraints, whereas the markets share a common capacity. We model the problem as a continuous nonlinear knapsack problem, and propose ... Keywords: Knapsack problem, Nonlinear programming, Price discrimination

Bin Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Product Price Spreads Over Crude Oil Vary With Seasons and Supply/Demand  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Of course, petroleum product prices don't move in lockstep to crude oil prices, for a number of reasons. We find it useful to look at variations in the spread between product and crude oil prices, in this case comparing spot market prices for each. The difference between heating oil and crude oil spot prices tends to vary seasonally; that is, it's generally higher in the winter, when demand for distillate fuels is higher due to heating requirements, and lower in the summer. (Gasoline, as we'll see later, generally does the opposite.) However, other factors affecting supply and demand, including the relative severity of winter weather, can greatly distort these "typical" seasonal trends. As seen on this chart, the winters of 1995-96 and 1996-97 featured

216

A uniform price auction with locational price adjustments for competitive electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A uniform price auction with locational price adjustments for competitive electricity markets in an electricity context requires that the offers used in the auction reflect the appropriate locational price necessary to adapt the Uniform Price auction to an electricity transmission system which takes into account

217

Price and volatility relationships in the Australian electricity market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a collection of papers that has been published, accepted or submitted for publication. They assess price, volatility and market relationships in the… (more)

Higgs, Helen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Analysis of Price Volatility in Natural Gas Markets  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article presents an analysis of price volatility in the spot natural gas market, with particular emphasis on the Henry Hub in Louisiana.

Erin Mastrangelo

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

219

Natural Gas Marketer Prices and Sales To Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pennsylvania natural gas choice market. The supplier must furnish a bond or other security in an amount ... natural gas prices were derived solely from LDCs who

220

An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High Frequency Price Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study competition among a score of firms participating in an online market for a commodity-type memory module. Firms were able to adjust prices continuously; prices determined how the firms were ranked and listed (lowest ...

Ellison, Sara Fisher

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR Title Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5557E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Kim, Joyce Jihyun, and Sila Kiliccote Date Published 06/2012 Publisher LBNL/NYSERDA Keywords commercial, demand response, dynamic pricing, mandatory hourly pricing, open automated demand response, openadr, pilot studies & implementation, price responsive demand Abstract In New York State, the default electricity pricing for large customers is Mandatory Hourly Pricing (MHP), which is charged based on zonal day-ahead market price for energy. With MHP, retail customers can adjust their building load to an economically optimal level according to hourly electricity prices. Yet, many customers seek alternative pricing options such as fixed rates through retail access for their electricity supply. Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) is an XML (eXtensible Markup Language) based information exchange model that communicates price and reliability information. It allows customers to evaluate hourly prices and provide demand response in an automated fashion to minimize electricity costs. This document shows how OpenADR can support MHP and facilitate price responsive demand for large commercial customers in New York City.

222

Role of speculation in short-term US oil crude prices and gasoline price variability of the 2000s and the role of monetary policy price stability interventions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The objectives of this study were to analyze the short-run impact of futures contract prices on crude oil prices, the impact of crude oil… (more)

Norris, Leah C.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Notes from Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes from Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages Notes from Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages August 24, 2011 Session 1: 9:30 a.m. - 11:00 a.m. Paper Title: Does 'Paper Oil' Matter? Presenter: Michel Robe, American University Discussant: James Smith, Southern Methodist University Paper Abstract We construct a uniquely detailed, comprehensive dataset of trader positions in U.S. energy futures markets. We find considerable changes in the make-up of the open interest between 2000 and 2010 and show that these changes impact asset pricing. Specifically, dynamic conditional correlations between the rates of return on investable energy and stock market indices increase significantly amid greater activity by speculators in general and hedge funds in particular (especially funds active in both equity and energy markets). The impact of hedge fund activity is

224

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

SciTech Connect

The degree to which any deregulated market functions efficiently often depends on the ability of market agents to respond quickly to fluctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we find that price elasticity both increases the retailers revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite effect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we find that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we find that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

SciTech Connect

The degree to which any deregulated market functions efficiently often depends on the ability of market agents to respond quickly to fluctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we find that price elasticity both increases the retailers revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite effect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we find that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we find that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Introduction to Macroeconomic Dynamics Special Issue on Oil Price Shocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, as director of the National Economic Council, stated that "if energy prices will trend higher, you invest one, in which global real economic activity and real oil prices share a common stochastic trend, they ...nd way; if energy prices will be lower, you invest a di¤erent way. But if you don't know what prices

Garousi, Vahid

227

Long-run models of oil stock prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The identification of the forces that drive oil stock prices is extremely important given the size of the Oil & Gas industry and its links with the energy sector and the environment. In the next decade oil companies will have to deal with international ... Keywords: C32, Cointegration, Energy, Environment, Hydrocarbon fuels, L71, Non-renewable resources, Oil companies, Oil stock prices, Q30, Q40, Vector error correction models

Alessandro Lanza; Matteo Manera; Margherita Grasso; Massimo Giovannini

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Market Design and Price Behavior in Restructured Electricity Markets: An International Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper argues that the market rules governing the operation of a re-structured electricity market in combination with its market structure can have a substantial impact on behavior of marketclearing prices. Using evidence on the design of electricity markets in England and Wales, Norway, the state of Victoria in Australia and New Zealand, this paper illustrates that market structure and market rules are important drivers of the behavior of prices in a competitive electricity market. The paper first summarizes the important features of the market structure and market rules in each country. One conclusion to emerge from this comparison is that there are many differences in how these markets in each country are organized. I then provide an assessment of the relationship between market rules and market structure and the behavior of prices in each market. The paper closes with a discussion of the available evidence that the behavior of prices in each country is the result of the exercis...

Frank A. Wolak

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Ten-year retrospective: OPEC and the world oil market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reviews the main events in the world oil market since 1973 and some major explanations as to what happened and why (Section I). Then there is a discussion of some projections for the next two decades and of some implications of various theories about OPEC's decisionmaking process (Section II). Section III summarizes what we have learned about modeling OPEC and the world oil market. This includes: the dominant theoretical approach based on the wealth-maximization model of Harold Hotelling (1931); the simulation approach most common in the applied literature, which envisages target-capacity-utilization pricing by OPEC; and the difficult problem of modeling price behavior during disruptions. Finally, Section IV discusses some important unresolved issues, both theoretical and empirical. A variety of contributions to the literature are considered, but the discussion pays special attention to two important recent works. One is the book OPEC Behavior and World Oil Prices (1982) (EAPA 9:3899) edited by James Griffin and David Teece, an important collection of papers on OPEC and world oil, prepared for a 1981 conference at the University of Houston. The other is the 1980 to 1981 world oil study by the Energy Modeling Forum of Stanford Univesity, which involved ten prominent models of the world oil market. 31 references.

Gately, D.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Supply disruptions have negligible impact on oil market. (loss ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

WASHINGTON -- Supply disruptions that normally would bolster oil prices had little impact... | Article from The Oil Daily August 3, 1993

231

Composition of Electricity Generation Portfolios, Pivotal Dynamics, and Market Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use simulations to study how the diversification of electricity generation portfolios influences wholesale prices. We find that the relationship between technological diversification and market prices is mediated by the supply-to-demand ratio. In ... Keywords: electricity, market power, simulations, technology diversification

Albert Banal-Estaòol; Augusto Rupérez Micola

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

World Oil Prices in AEO2006 (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

World oil prices in the AEO2006 reference case are substantially higher than those in the AEO2005 reference case. In the AEO2006 reference case, world crude oil prices, in terms of the average price of imported low-sulfur, light crude oil to U.S. refiners, decline from current levels to about $47 per barrel (2004 dollars) in 2014, then rise to $54 per barrel in 2025 and $57 per barrel in 2030. The price in 2025 is approximately $21 per barrel higher than the corresponding price projection in the AEO2005 reference case.

Information Center

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Falling House Prices and Rising Time on the Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much of the current trouble in the housing market has been attributed to the fact that house price appreciation—strong for many years—is finally slowing; indeed, in many markets now, house prices are falling.The mere fact that falling house prices are considered newsworthy is interesting in its own right. In other asset markets, such as the stock and bond markets, prices routinely fluctuate up and down every day. In this Economic Letter I argue that the main reason for this difference reflects differences in the liquidity of houses and financial assets as investments. I review the ways in which residential real estate prices and liquidity vary over time and over different states of the economy, discuss the implications of this price and liquidity behavior

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

The Market Price of Risk: Implications for Electricity Price Forecasting, Asset Valuation and Portfolio Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forward Price Forecasting for Power Market Valuation (TR-111860, 1998) presented the basic theory on the market price of risk. However, continued development of the power market has led to additional complexities when applying the concept to electric power. This current report updates that earlier report based on subsequent development of the theory by EPRI and others and reflects two additional years of market data.

2000-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

235

Kansas Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 11/1/2013: Next Release Date: 12/2/2013: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

236

Wyoming Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

96.51: 97.39-= No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; ... Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area ...

237

North Dakota Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 1/2/2014: Next Release Date: 2/3/2014: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

238

2012 Brief: Coal and mid-continent crude oil prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Coal and mid-continent crude oil (WTI) led energy commodity price declines in 2012. Natural gas was the only key energy commodity with a significant ...

239

Texas Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 10/1/2013: Next Release Date: 11/1/2013: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

240

Price difference between Brent and WTI crude oil narrowing - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Brent-WTI spread, the difference between the prices of Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oils, has narrowed considerably over the past several months.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

STEO Supplement: Why are oil prices so high?  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration/Short Term Energy Outlook 1 STEO Supplement: Why are oil prices so high? During most of the 1990s, the West Texas Intermediate (WTI ...

242

West Texas Intermediate crude oil price and NYMEX 95% confidence ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Texas Intermediate crude oil price and NYMEX 95% confidence intervals January 2007 – October 2009 Short-Term Energy Outlook Note: Confidence intervals for the ...

243

CRUDE OIL PRICE SHOCKS AND GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study uses ordinary least squares estimation to test multivariate models in order to find out whether or not crude oil price shocks are contractionary… (more)

Hernandez, Jordan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval. Sources: History: EIA; Projections: Short-Term Energy Outlook, December 2000. Projections

245

Colorado Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 10/1/2013: Next Release Date: 11/1/2013: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

246

Forecasting Crude Oil Spot Price Using OECD Petroleum Inventory Levels  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Forecasting Crude Oil Spot Price Using OECD Petroleum Inventory Levels MICHAEL YE,? JOHN ZYREN,?? AND JOANNE SHORE?? Abstract This paper presents a short ...

247

Minnesota Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

248

North Carolina Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

249

Virginia Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

250

Massachusetts Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

251

Wisconsin Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published.

252

Michigan Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 10/1/2013: Next Release Date: 11/1/2013: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

253

New Mexico Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 11/1/2013: Next Release Date: 12/2/2013: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

254

Essays on Forecasting and Hedging Models in the Oil Market and Causality Analysis in the Korean Stock Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this dissertation, three related issues concerning empirical time series models for energy financial markets and the stock market were investigated. The purpose of this dissertation was to analyze the interdependence of price movements, focusing on the forecasting models for crude oil prices and the hedging models for gasoline prices, and to study the change in the contemporaneous causal relationship between investors' activities and stock price movements in the Korean stock market. In the first essay, the nature of forecasting crude oil prices based on financial data for the oil and oil product market is examined. As crack spread and oil-related Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) have enabled more consumers and investors to gain access to the crude oil and petroleum products markets, I investigated whether crack spread and oil ETFs were good predictors of oil prices and attempted to determine whether crack spread or oil ETFs were better at explaining oil price movements. In the second essay, the effectiveness of diverse hedging models for the unleaded gasoline price is examined using futures and ETFs. I calculated the optimal hedge ratios for gasoline futures and gasoline ETF utilizing several advanced econometric models and then compared their hedging performances. In the third essay, the contemporaneous causal relationship between multiple players' activities and stock price movements in the Korean stock market was investigated using the framework of a DAG model. The causal impacts of three players' activities in regard to stock return and stock price volatility are examined, concentrating on foreign investor activities. Within this framework, two Korean stock markets, the KSE and KOSDAQ markets, are analyzed and compared. Recognizing the global financial crisis of 2008, the change in casual relationships was examined in terms of pre- and post-break periods. In conclusion, when a multivariate econometric model is developed for multi-markets and multi-players, it is necessary to consider a number of attributes on data relations, including cointegration, causal relationship, time-varying correlation and variance, and multivariate non-normality. This dissertation employs several econometric models to specify these characteristics. This approach will be useful in further studies of the information transmission mechanism among multi-markets or multi-players.

Choi, Hankyeung

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Energy Prices Note 4. Crude Oil Landed Costs.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Prices Note 1. Crude Oil Refinery Acquisition Costs. Begin-ning with January 1981, refiner acquisition costs of crude oil are from data collected on U.S ...

256

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

WTI crude oil price rose about $17 per barrel or 40 cents per gallon from its low point in mid ... New York Harbor spot heating oil had risen about 42 cents ...

257

Connecticut Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Residential Heating Oil: 3.967: 3.925: 3.945: 3.943: 3.943 ...

258

Maine Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Residential Heating Oil: 3.569: 3.575: 3.559: 3.561: 3.559 ...

259

Perspective on Real Monthly World Oil Prices, 1976 - 2000  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

depicted as the average price refiners pay for imported oil, in inflation-adjusted terms. Since US refiners buy crude oil from so many different countries, This is a good...

260

Do financial investors destabilize the oil price?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WO WO R K I N G PA P E R S E R I E S N O 1 3 4 6 / J U N E 2 011 by Marco J. Lombardi and Ine Van Robays DO FINANCIAL INVESTORS DESTABILIZE THE OIL PRICE? WO R K I N G PA P E R S E R I E S N O 13 4 6 / J U N E 2011 DO FINANCIAL INVESTORS DESTABILIZE THE OIL PRICE? 1 by Marco J. Lombardi 2 and Ine Van Robays 3 1 This paper was initiated when the second author was with the European Central Bank. Without implicating, we would like to thank Bahattin Büyüksahin, Gert Peersman, Jaap Bos, Julio Carrillo, Lutz Kilian, Punnoose Jacob, Sandra Eickmeier and an anonymous referee for their useful comments and suggestions. 2 Directorate General Economics, European Central Bank, Kaiserstrasse 29, D-60311 Frankfurt am Mai, Germany; e-mail: marco.lombardi@ecb.europa.eu 3 Department of Financial Economics, Ghent University, Woodrow Wilsonplein 5D, B-9000 Gent,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 permits, and NOx permits. Coal prices are assumed constantfalling average price is stronger, and coal-?red operatinghourly supply (price > $30) Load Coal Oil Gas Panel C:

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search with Learning from Prices: Does In- creased In?Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asymmet- ricallyto Crude Oil Price Changes? ” The Quarterly Journal of

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hand, the literature on crude oil usually assumes a COFconsequence of extracting crude oil. User costs include thecountries, at times when crude oil prices surged during 2002

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Oil resources: the key to prosperity or to poverty? : Influence of oil price shocks on spending of oil revenues.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Abundant natural resources, in particular oil, play an important role in the economics of many countries. The oil price shocks that have been happening continuously… (more)

Selivanova, Olga

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market Hourly Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

next day’s hourly electricity prices? ( CHECK ONLY ONE ) 1.to Real Time Electricity Prices, Unpublished Manuscript atahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTP

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Empirical analysis of the spot market implications of price-elastic demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are exposed to real-time electricity prices, then they cansustained increases in the electricity price. Greater pricethe market-clearing electricity price. Indeed, the remaining

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Stock market volatility and price discovery : three essays on the effect of macroeconomic information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple Microstructure Model of Price Determination . . 3.11Stock Market Volatility and Price Discovery: Three Essays onConstruction Spending PRICES CPI MONETARY POLICY FFR Source:

Rangel, Jose Gonzalo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Accounting for Oil Price Variation and Weakening Impact of the Oil Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent empirical studies reveal that the oil price-output relationship is weakening in the US. After mid 1980s, observed oil price-output correlation is less negative, and output reduction in response to oil price rise is more moderate than before. To see the reason, we develop a DSGE model where oil price and US output are endogenously determined by the exogenous movements of US TFP and the oil supply. Maintaining model speci…cation the same for pre-mid-80’s and post-mid-80’s, the model replicates the actual paths of oil price and output well, and yields the weakening e¤ect of oil price. In contrast to the conventional wisdom that emphasis on the changes in the economic structures, we found that what brings the weakening in the oil price-output relationship are the two changes associated with the way the exogenous variables evolved over the periods. First, oil supply variation has become moderate in recent years. Second, oil supply shortage is no longer followed by a large decline in TFP. We show that less volatile oil supply variation results in less negative oil price-output correlations, and a smaller TFP decline during oil supply shortfall implies a smaller output decline during oil price increases.

Naohisa Hirakata; Nao Sudo Y; Anton Braun; Jordi Galí; Simon Gilchrist; Francois Gourio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

The Role of Inventories and Speculative Trading in the Global Market for Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a structural model of the global market for crude oil that for the first time explicitly allows for shocks to the speculative demand for oil as well as shocks to the flow demand and flow supply. The forward-looking element of the real price of oil is identified with the help of data on oil inventories. The model estimates rule out explanations of the 2003-08 oil price surge based on unexpectedly diminishing oil supplies and based on speculative trading. Instead, we find that this surge was caused by fluctuations in the flow demand for oil driven by the global business cycle. There is evidence, however, that speculative demand shifts played an important role during earlier oil price shock episodes including 1979, 1986, and 1990. We also show that, even after accounting for the role of inventories in smoothing oil consumption, our estimate of the short-run price elasticity of oil demand is much higher than traditional estimates from dynamic models that do not account for price endogeneity. We conclude that additional regulation of oil markets would not have prevented the 2003-08 oil price surge.

Lutz Kilian; Dan Murphy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

World Oil Prices in AEO2007 (released in AEO2007)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Over the long term, the AEO2007 projection for world oil pricesdefined as the average price of imported low-sulfur, light crude oil to U.S. refinersis similar to the AEO2006 projection. In the near term, however, AEO2007 projects prices that are $8 to $10 higher than those in AEO2006.

Information Center

2007-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

271

Multi-fractal Analysis of World Crude Oil Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to reveal the stylized facts of world crude oil prices, R/S (Rescaled Range Analysis) method is introduced in this paper. For illustration, WTI (West Texas Intermediate) and Brent daily crude oil prices are used in this paper. The calculated ...

Xiucheng Dong; Junchen Li; Jian Gao

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

RDI forecasts oil price increase impact on electric consumers  

SciTech Connect

According to a publication by Resource Data International, Inc. (RDI), Boulder, Colorado, the current oil price increases will effect electricity consumers nationwide. While the direct use of fuel oil and natural gas as boiler fuels is expected to decline with rising prices, the cost of alternative energy sources including coal, nuclear, and hydro are also expected to rise, RDI said.

Not Available

1990-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

273

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

denotes the marginal cost of oil extraction and production.C. Given no-transaction costs, the oil prices in H equal thereduce prices. Oil-exporting countries mitigate the cost by

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Market behavior under partial price controls: the case of the retail gasoline market  

SciTech Connect

The use of firm-specific controls on the price of gasoline during 1979 and 1980, at both the wholesale and the retail level, dramatically affected the retail market for gasoline. The most visible effect was a diversity of monetary prices across service stations within particular retail market areas. Price could no longer play its usual role in clearing the retail market for gasoline. Queues and other changes in quality of service at stations arose to maintain the balance of market demand and supply. This report examines the behavior of an otherwise competitive market in the presence of such regulation-induced nonprice phenomena. In such a market, consumers consider both monetary prices and costs imposed by queues in deciding where to buy gasoline and how much to buy. Using a price-theoretic model of behavior, this paper predicts how various changes in effective price regulation affect consumers. 14 references, 7 figures, 2 tables.

Camm, F.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Do High Oil Prices Presage Inflation? The Evidence from G-5 Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do High Oil Prices Presage Inflation? The Evidence from G-5to be more sensitive to oil prices than in the U.S. , iswith a dollar denominated oil price. References Blanchard

LeBlanc, Michael; Chinn, Menzie David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Do High Oil Prices Presage Inflation? The Evidence from G-5 Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with, in September 2000, crude oil prices in the Unitedmonth forward price of crude oil peaked at $37.80. EnergyThe monthly U.S. imported crude oil price in November was a

LeBlanc, Michael; Chinn, Menzie David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Do High Oil Prices Presage Inflation? The Evidence from G-5 Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do High Oil Prices Presage Inflation? The Evidence from G-5to be more sensitive to oil prices than in the U.S. , isa dollar denominated oil price. References Blanchard O.J.

LeBlanc, Michael; Chinn, Menzie David

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Figure 49. Brent crude oil spot prices in three cases, 1990-2040 ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 49. Brent crude oil spot prices in three cases, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per barrel) Reference High Oil Price Low Oil Price

279

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - High World Oil Price Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) High World Oil Price Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. High World Oil Price Case Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table D1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table D2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table D2. World total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

280

Fractality feature in oil price fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scaling properties of oil price fluctuations are described as a non-stationary stochastic process realized by a time series of finite length. An original model is used to extract the scaling exponent of the fluctuation functions within a non-stationary process formulation. It is shown that, when returns are measured over intervals less than 10 days, the Probability Density Functions (PDFs) exhibit self-similarity and monoscaling, in contrast to the multifractal behavior of the PDFs at macro-scales (typically larger than one month). We find that the time evolution of the distributions are well fitted by a Levy distribution law at micro-scales. The relevance of a Levy distribution is made plausible by a simple model of nonlinear transfer

Momeni, M; Talebi, K

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Propane Prices Influenced by Crude Oil and Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Propane prices have been high this year for several reasons. Propane usually follows crude oil prices more closely than natural gas prices. As crude oil prices rose beginning in 1999, propane has followed. In addition, some early cold weather this year put extra pressure on prices. However, more recently, the highly unusual surge in natural gas prices affected propane supply and drove propane prices up. Propane comes from two sources of supply: refineries and natural gas processing plants. The very high natural gas prices made it more economic for refineries to use the propane they normally produce and sell than to buy natural gas. The gas processing plants found it more economic to leave propane in the natural gas streams than to extract it for sale separately.

282

Competition and Prices on the Emerging Nordic Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively evaluate the impact on electricity prices of deregulation and free trade in the Nordic countries. The analysis is focused on the impact of increased competition on market power and the degree of monopolistic pricing. The major tool for our analysis of electricity trade and prices is a numerical multicountry electricity market model in which losses and bottlenecks in the transmission system are taken into account. Moreover both Cournot and perfect competition equilibria with and without free trade in electricity can be simulated. According to the simulation results there are significant differences between the Cournot and perfect competition equilibrium prices under autarky. When inter-country trade is allowed, however, the Cournot equilibrium prices are quite close to the equilibrium prices under perfect competition. Yet the net inter-country physical flows of electricity are small and well within existing transmission capacities.

Eirik S. Amundsen; Lars Bergman; Bo Andersson; Jel-classification D

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

AEO Issues in Focus: Effects of different oil price paths - Today ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The economics of unconventional liquids supply ... The Low Oil Price case assumes that world oil prices fall steadily after 2011 to about $50 per barrel in ...

284

Factors that affect the share price index of Taiwan's solar energy industry¡Ðthe crude oil prices and industry scale.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper discusses the factors that affect the share price index of Taiwan solar power industry, crude oil prices and the size of the solar… (more)

Deng, Yu-chi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

New York Home Heating Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The severity of this spot price increase is causing dramatic changes in residential home heating oil prices, although residential price movements are usually a ...

286

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. Speaker(s): Nancy Wallace Date: June 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint...

287

Financial market imperfections and their asset pricing implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of two studies on financial market imperfections. The first study (Chapters 2 and 3) investigates illiquidity, which is a reflection of different imperfections, and its pricing implications in the ...

Rayanakorn, Surapap

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Estimating Welfare In Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a graphical illustration of how standard consumer and producer theory can be used to quantify the welfare loss associated with inefficient pricing in insurance markets with selection. We then show how this welfare ...

Finkelstein, Amy

289

Oil Market Simulation model: model documentation report (Task 13). Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the Oil Market Simulation (OMS) model as used by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to provide forecasts of world oil prices. In addition, the OMS model is used to examine the market responses to changes in oil demand and supply. The current version of the model provides additional OMS simulation capabilities to its predecessor. It performs not only the price and production simulations as before, but also simulations that converge to a user-specified regional demand, supply, or import level. Free world countries are grouped into seven major oil demand regions and eight major oil supply regions. The OMS model consists of three parts: oil demand, non-OPEC oil supply, and OPEC pricing behavior. Regional oil demand in a given year is determined as a function of the average world oil price for the year, the regional level of economic activity for the year, and the oil demand in the previous year. Non-OPEC regional oil supply is specified as a function of world oil price and the regional oil supply in the previous period. OPEC pricing behavior is related to the OPEC capacity utilization rate; OPEC sets the oil price based on the percent utilization of its availabile production capacity and the world oil price in the previous time period. Besides the behavior rules of consumers, non-OPEC producers, and OPEC producers, the OMS model includes some regional demand and supply values that are determined exogenously. These user-determined demand and supply values include: (1) OPEC demand, (2) US Strategic Petroleum reserve fill rates, and (3) the net exports from Centrally Planned Economies. 19 refs., 7 figs., 10 tabs.

Not Available

1985-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

290

Arbitrage free cointegrated models in gas and oil future markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we present a continuous time model for natural gas and crude oil future prices. Its main feature is the possibility to link both energies in the long term and in the short term. For each energy, the future returns are represented as the sum of volatility functions driven by motions. Under the risk neutral probability, the motions of both energies are correlated Brownian motions while under the historical probability, they are cointegrated by a Vectorial Error Correction Model. Our approach is equivalent to defining the market price of risk. This model is free of arbitrage: thus, it can be used for risk management as well for option pricing issues. Calibration on European market data and numerical simulations illustrate well its behavior.

Benmenzer, Grégory; Jérusalem, Céline

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Southern California Edison Company. Glendale Calif. :Southern California Edison (SCE) and San Diego Gas &using Southern California Edison’s price schedule in 2007.

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on their summer electricity bills if they could reduce theira fixed credit on electricity bills. The rationale behindaverage price of their electricity bills, the fixed credit

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A Contrast Between Distillate Fuel Oil Markets in Autumn 1996 and 1997  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Cheryl Cheryl J. Trench, an independent petroleum analyst, contributed to this article. Unless otherwise referenced, data in this article are taken from the following Energy Information Administration sources: Weekly Petroleum Status Report, DOE/EIA-0208; Petroleum Supply Monthly, DOE/EIA-0109; Petroleum Supply Annual, DOE/EIA-0340; Petroleum Marketing Monthly, DOE/EIA-0380; Short-Term Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0202; and Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System. 1996 Factor 1997 Record low Previous end-winter stocks In the historical range High Prevailing prices $5/barrel lower (WTI) Falling prices Price expectations (overall) Stable prices Falling prices Price expectations (heating oil) Seasonally higher prices Strong growth Off-season demand Weaker growth Europe out-bidding US World competition for heating oil Europe's markets calm Untested; Trainor

294

Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise trader sentiment model of De Long, Shleifer, Summers, and Waldmann (1990a) is applied to futures markets. The theoretical results predict that overly optimistic (pessimistic) noise traders result in market prices that are greater (less) than fundamental value. Thus, returns can be predicted using the level of noise trader sentiment. The null rational expectations hypothesis is tested against the noise trader alternative using a commercial market sentiment index as a proxy for noise trader sentiment. Fama-MacBeth cross-sectional regressions test if noise traders create a systematic bias in futures prices. The time-series predictability of futures returns using known sentiment levels is tested in a Cumby-Modest market timing framework and a more general causality specification. The empirical results lead to the following conclusions. First, there is no evidence that noise trader sentiment creates a systematic bias in futures prices. Second, predictable market returns using noise trader sentiment is not characteristic of futures markets in general. Third, futures market returns at weekly intervals are characterized by low-order positive autocorrelation with relatively small autoregressive parameters. In those instances where there is evidence of noise trader effects, it is at best limited to isolated markets and particular specifications. Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior

Dwight R. S; Scott H. Irwin; Raymond M. Leuthold; Dwight R. S; Ers Is Manager

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The oil price and non-OPEC supplies  

SciTech Connect

The design of any effective oil pricing policy by producers depends on a knowledge of the nature and complexity of supply responses. This book examines the development of non-OPEX oil reserves on a field-by-filed basis to determine how much of the increase in non-OPEC production could be attributable to the price shocks and how much was unambiguously due to decisions and developments that preceded the price shocks. Results are presented in eighteen case-studies of non-OPEC producers. This study will be of interest to economists and planners specializing in the upstream and to policy makers both in oil producing and consuming countries.

Seymour, A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy price fluctuations. In theory, futures market prices summarize privately available informationEnergy; Brookhaven National Laboratory Canadian Energy Research Institute U.S. Energy Information Administration Energy Marketsinformation about future energy prices, including most prominently, energy futures markets.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futures Market andSTEO Error A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futures Market andforecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the Energy

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 2001  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This PowerPoint presentation provides an early look at the crude oil, heating oil, and propane market outlooks for the winter of 2001/02. It was given by Doug MacIntyre at the 2001 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference held in Wilmington, DE on August 13, 2001.

Information Center

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook 2003  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This PowerPoint presentation provides an early look at the crude oil, heating oil, and propane market outlooks for the winter of 2003/04. It was given at the 2003 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference held in Asheville, NC on August 11, 2003.

Information Center

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This PowerPoint presentation provides an early look at the crude oil, heating oil, and propane market outlooks for the winter of 2002/03. It was given at the 2002 State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference held in Kennebunkport, ME on August 12, 2002.

Information Center

2002-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

California Crude Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... of different quality crudes vary over time based on the value the market places on such quality attributes. A heavy crude oil has more heavy, ...

302

Bilevel optimization applied to strategic pricing in competitive electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a bilevel programming formulation for the problem of strategic bidding under uncertainty in a wholesale energy market (WEM), where the economic remuneration of each generator depends on the ability of its own management to ... Keywords: Bilevel programming, Electricity pool market, Mathematical program with equilibrium constraints, Strategic pricing

M. Fampa; L. A. Barroso; D. Candal; L. Simonetti

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

A supply-demand model for OPEC oil-pricing policies  

SciTech Connect

OPEC and its pricing policies have been subjected to constant international attention as well as criticism since 1973. Consumers find OPEC behavior irrational, while OPEC tries to justify its policies as rational and in accordance with the realities of the international oil market. The focus of this study is to contribute toward an analytical and empirical work on OPEC pricing behavior, and highlight the various factors believed to affect the future oil policies of OPEC member countries. After a survey of literature on the theoretical framework of world oil models in general, and OPEC models in particular, a linear econometric model for pricing OPEC oil is formulated which is a supply-demand equilibrium model comprising of supply, demand, and inflation-rate functions. Estimation of the behavioral equations are carried out by Ordinary and Two-Stage Least Square estimators. Econometric results from the estimation and simulation of the model seem to indicate that OPEC's pricing behavior is market-responsive and may best be explained by employing the theoretical framework of market-equilibrium condition.

Heiat, N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

An Analysis About Market Efficiency in International Petroleum Markets: Evidence from Three Oil Commodities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A modified model for testing market efficiency is presented, with introducing convenience yield and using lagged spot prices to adjust risk premium. Subsequently, an examination about market efficiency in international petroleum markets is given using ... Keywords: Cointegration analysis, Convenience yield, Futures price spot price, International petroleum markets, Market efficiency, Risk premium

Wang Shuping; Li Jianping; Zhang Shulin

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Oil Markets After the Hurricanes: Reversion to the Mean or ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Oil Markets After the Hurricanes: Reversion to the Mean or Return to Recent Trend? Macroeconomic Advisers Quarterly Meeting December 2005 Oil Markets After the ...

306

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Afunction of local energy-market and weather characteristicslocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and local

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Alocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localexpenses, and energy factor market inputs. In a companion

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Identifying the Oil Price-Macroeconomy Relationship: An Empirical Mode Decomposition Analysis of U.S. Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work applies the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) method to data on real quarterly oil price (West Texas Intermediate - WTI) and U.S. gross domestic product (GDP). This relatively new method is adaptive and capable of handling non-linear and non-stationary data. Correlation analysis of the decomposition results was performed and examined for insights into the oil-macroeconomy relationship. Several components of this relationship were identified. However, the principal one is that the medium-run cyclical component of the oil price exerts a negative and exogenous influence on the main cyclical component of the GDP. This can be interpreted as the supply-driven or supply-shock component of the oil price-GDP relationship. In addition, weak correlations suggesting a lagging demand-driven, an expectations-driven, and a long-run supply-driven component of the relationship were also identified. Comparisons of these findings with significant oil supply disruption and recession dates were supportive. The study identified a number of lessons applicable to recent oil market events, including the eventuality of persistent economic and price declines following a long oil price run-up. In addition, it was found that oil-market related exogenous events are associated with short- to medium-run price implications regardless of whether they lead to actual supply disruptions.

Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Interaction between crude oil price and Dow Jones Index on integrated oil and gas company.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The crude oil is one of the major energy resources in our lifetime and plays its crucial role in our economy. How the stock prices… (more)

Houng, Chi-yao

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The Relationship Between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, October 2006 Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, October 2006 1 The Relationship Between Crude Oil and Natural Gas Prices by Jose A. Villar Natural Gas Division Energy Information Administration and Frederick L. Joutz Department of Economics The George Washington University Abstract: This paper examines the time series econometric relationship between the Henry Hub natural gas price and the West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil price. Typically, this relationship has been approached using simple correlations and deterministic trends. When data have unit roots as in this case, such analysis is faulty and subject to spurious results. We find a cointegrating relationship relating Henry Hub prices to the WTI and trend capturing the relative demand and supply effects over the 1989-through-2005 period. The dynamics of the relationship

311

Spread narrows between Brent and WTI crude oil benchmark prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Spot prices for benchmarks West Texas Intermediate (WTI) and North Sea Brent crude oil neared parity of around $109 per barrel July 19, and the Brent-WTI spread was ...

312

Past, present and future evolution of oil prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis reviews how oil price has evolved throughout time since it was discovered and commercially exploited in 1859 in Pennsylvania. Rather than a pure economic study, this thesis illustrates how major historic and ...

Corsetti, Manuel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Weekly Minnesota No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Minnesota No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per Gallon) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value

314

Weekly Massachusetts No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Massachusetts No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per Gallon) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value

315

Weekly Wisconsin No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Wisconsin No. 2 Heating Oil Residential Price (Dollars per Gallon) Year-Month Week 1 Week 2 Week 3 Week 4 Week 5; End Date Value End Date Value End Date Value

316

Rhode Island Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Weekly Heating Oil and Propane Prices (October - March) (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... Residential Propane: 3.540: 3.534: 3.540: 3.515: 3.511: 3.514: 1990-2013

317

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

318

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

319

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

320

Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sys- tem: the European Car Market”. C.E.P.R. DiscussionPrice Dispersion in the European Car Market”. The Review ofPrice: Evidence from the European Car Market”. Journal of

Noton, Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

A New Hybrid Approach for Analysis of Factors Affecting Crude Oil Price  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new hybrid approach is presented to analyze factors affecting crude oil price using rough set and wavelet neural network. Related factors that affect crude oil price are found using text mining technique and Brent oil price is chosen ... Keywords: crude oil price, prediction, rough set, wavelet neural network

Wei Xu; Jue Wang; Xun Zhang; Wen Zhang; Shouyang Wang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Oil Price Uncertainty and Industrial Production Karl Pinnoy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

improvements in GDP per unit of energy use. However, for those series, where oil price volatility is signi one would expect, based on trend improvements in GDP per unit of energy use. However, for those series, P. and L. Kilian (2009). "How Sensitive Are Consumer Expenditures to Retail Energy Prices

Maurer, Frank

323

Lower crude oil prices to help push down gasoline pricesLower...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

down from the average 3.63 a gallon U.S. drivers paid in 2012. Expected lower crude oil prices, which account for about two-thirds of the cost of gasoline, will help push...

324

Fundamentals Explain High Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: One can use a simple model to deal with price/fundamental relationships. This one predicts monthly average WTI price as a function of OECD total petroleum stock deviations from the normal levels. The graph shows the model as it begins predicting prices in 1992. It shows how well the model has predicted not only the direction, but the magnitude of prices over this 8+ year period. While the model is simple and not perfect, it does predict the overall trends and, in particular, the recent rise in prices. It also shows that prices may have over-shot the fundamental balance for a while -- at least partially due to speculative concerns over Mideast tensions, winter supply adequacy, and Iraq's export policies. Prices moved lower in December, and even undershot briefly the

325

Does the Fed Respond to Oil Price Shocks?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Since Bernanke, Gertler and Watson (1997), a common view in the literature has been that systematic monetary policy responses to the inflation triggered by oil price shocks are an important source of aggregate fluctuations in the U.S. economy. We show that there is no evidence of systematic monetary policy responses to oil price shocks after 1987 and that this lack of a policy response is unlikely to be explained by reduced real wage rigidities. Prior to 1987, according to standard VAR models, the Federal Reserve was not responding to the inflation triggered by oil price shocks, as commonly presumed, but rather to the oil price shocks directly, consistent with a preemptive move by the Federal Reserve to counteract potential inflationary pressures. There are indications that this response is poorly identified, however, and there is no evidence that this policy response in the pre-1987 period caused substantial fluctuations in the Federal Funds rate or in real output. Our analysis suggests that the traditional monetary policy reaction framework explored by BGW and incorporated in subsequent DSGE models should be replaced by DSGE models that take account of the endogeneity of the real price of oil and that allow policy responses to depend on the underlying causes of oil price shocks.

Lutz Kilian

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Modeling of Energy Production Decisions: An Alaska Oil Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Weimer, D.L. (1984) Oil prices shock, market response,OPEC behavior and world oil prices (pp. 175-185) London:many decades. Recent high oil prices have caused oil-holding

Leighty, Wayne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Evidence on Financial-Physical Interactions in the U.S. Crude Oil Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Contango in Cushing? Contango in Cushing? Evidence on Financial-Physical Interactions in the U.S. Crude Oil Market Background The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) launched its Energy and Financial Markets Initiative (EFMI) in September 2009. As part of this initiative, EIA and the University of Oklahoma (OU) surveyed the current academic literature pertaining to price formation, volatility, and the role of hedging and speculation in the global oil market. The survey results were summarized in "Factors Influencing Oil Prices: A Survey of the Current State of Knowledge in the Context of the 2007-08 Oil Price Volatility," which was released in August 2011 and posted on the EIA website. The report identified additional data that could be used to generate more

328

Market assessment for shale oil  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study identified several key issues on the cost, timeliness, and ease with which shale oil can be introduced into the United States' refining system. The capacity of the existing refining industry to process raw shale oil is limited by the availability of surplus hydrogen for severe hydrotreating. The existing crude oil pipeline system will encounter difficulties in handling raw shale oil's high viscosity, pour point, and contaminant levels. The cost of processing raw shale oil as an alternate to petroleum crude oil is extremely variable and primarily dependent upon the percentage of shale oil run in the refinery, as well as the availability of excess hydrogen. A large fraction of any shale oil which is produced will be refined by the major oil companies who participate in the shale oil projects and who do not anticipate problems in processing the shale oil in their refineries. Shale oil produced for sale to independent refiners will initially be sold as boiler fuel. A federal shale oil storage program might be feasible to supplement the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Based on refinery configurations, hydrogen supply, transportation systems, and crude availability, eleven refineries in Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs) 2A and 2B have been identified as potential processors of shale oil. Based on refining technology and projected product demands to the year 2000, shale oil will be best suited to the production of diesel fuel and jet fuel. Tests of raw shale oil in boilers are needed to demonstrate nitrogen oxide emissions control.

Not Available

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance  

SciTech Connect

In practice, it is difficult to determine the optimal amount to spend on marketing and administering a green pricing program. Budgets for marketing and administration of green pricing programs are a function of several factors: the region of the country; the size of the utility service area; the customer base and media markets encompassed within that service area; the point or stage in the lifespan of the program; and certainly, not least, the utility's commitment to and goals for the program. All of these factors vary significantly among programs. This report presents data on programs that have funded both marketing and program administration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) gathers the data annually from utility green pricing program managers. Programs reporting data to NREL spent a median of 18.8% of program revenues on marketing their programs in 2008 and 16.6% in 2007. The smallest utilities (those with less than 25,000 in their eligible customer base) spent 49% of revenues on marketing, significantly more than the overall median. This report addresses the role of renewable energy credit (REC) marketers and start-up costs--and the role of marketing, generally, in achieving program objectives, including expansion of renewable energy.

Friedman, B.; Miller, M.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Black Gold & Fool’s Gold: Speculation in the Oil Futures Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper addresses the question of whether the oil price spike of 2003-2008 was a bubble. We document and discuss what is known about the level of speculation in the paper oil market. We then analyze the dynamics of the ...

Parsons, John E.

331

Price and Load Forecasting in Volatile Energy Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With daily news stories about wildly fluctuating electricity prices and soaring natural gas prices, forecasters' responsibilities are expanding, visibility is increasing, and pressure exists to produce more frequent forecasts and more kinds of forecasts. The proceedings of EPRI's 13th Forecasting Symposium, held November 13-15 in Nashville, Tennessee, address current forecasting issues and developments, as well as explain the role that forecasters have played in recent events in energy markets.

2001-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

332

Oil Price Volatility - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... [stock] prices and the reasons therefore ... fixed asset supply ? can only take place among a subset of participants, e.g. speculators.

333

Selected State Residential Heating Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Ohio, on the bottom of the chart, ... overhead operations (including advertising costs) plus county inspection fees are also factored into the price.

334

Scenario Generation for Price Forecasting in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In current restructured wholesale power markets, the short length of time series for prices makes it difficult to use empirical price data to test existing price forecasting tools and to develop new price forecasting tools. This study therefore proposes a two-stage approach for generating simulated price scenarios based on the available price data. The first stage consists of an Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA) model for determining scenarios of cleared demands and scheduled generator outages (D&O), and a moment-matching method for reducing the number of D&O scenarios to a practical scale. In the second stage, polynomials are fitted between D&O and wholesale power prices in order to obtain price scenarios for a specified time frame. Time series data from the Midwest ISO (MISO) are used as a test system to validate the proposed approach. The simulation results indicate that the proposed approach is able to generate price scenarios for distinct seasons with empirically realistic characteristics.

Qun Zhou; Leigh Tesfatsion; Chen-Ching Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Price distortions in the commodity futures markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Speculation is not monolithic; it comes in many forms. A certain level of speculation is required for commodity futures markets to function. On the other hand, certain types of trading activities by speculators may damage ...

Helfrich, Devin B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Three Essays on Price Dynamics and Causations among Energy Markets and Macroeconomic Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines three important issues in energy markets: price dynamics, information flow, and structural change. We discuss each issue in detail, building empirical time series models, analyzing the results, and interpreting the findings. First, we examine the contemporaneous interdependencies and information flows among crude oil, natural gas, and electricity prices in the United States (US) through the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) model, Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) for contemporaneous causal structures and Bernanke factorization for price dynamic processes. Test results show that the DAG from residuals of out-of-sample-forecast is consistent with the DAG from residuals of within-sample-fit. The result supports innovation accounting analysis based on DAGs using residuals of out-of-sample-forecast. Second, we look at the effects of the federal fund rate and/or WTI crude oil price shock on US macroeconomic and financial indicators by using a Factor Augmented Vector Autoregression (FAVAR) model and a graphical model without any deductive assumption. The results show that, in contemporaneous time, the federal fund rate shock is exogenous as the identifying assumption in the Vector Autoregression (VAR) framework of the monetary shock transmission mechanism, whereas the WTI crude oil price return is not exogenous. Third, we examine price dynamics and contemporaneous causality among the price returns of WTI crude oil, gasoline, corn, and the S&P 500. We look for structural break points and then build an econometric model to find the consistent sub-periods having stable parameters in a given VAR framework and to explain recent movements and interdependency among returns. We found strong evidence of two structural breaks and contemporaneous causal relationships among the residuals, but also significant differences between contemporaneous causal structures for each sub-period.

Hong, Sung Wook 1977-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Cost, Conflict and Climate: U.S. Challenges in the World Oil Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the world price of oil and prices of gasoline and otherincremental pro?ts when oil prices rise come from both U.S.the recent increases in oil prices and attempts to clarify

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Market assessment for shale oil  

SciTech Connect

This study identified several key issues on the cost, timeliness, and ease with which shale oil can be introduced into the United States' refining system. The capacity of the existing refining industry to process raw shale oil is limited by the availability of surplus hydrogen for severe hydrotreating. The existing crude oil pipeline system will encounter difficulties in handling raw shale oil's high viscosity, pour point, and contaminant levels. The cost of processing raw shale oil as an alternate to petroleum crude oil is extremely variable and primarily dependent upon the percentage of shale oil run in the refinery, as well as the availability of excess hydrogen. A large fraction of any shale oil which is produced will be refined by the major oil companies who participate in the shale oil projects and who do not anticipate problems in processing the shale oil in their refineries. Shale oil produced for sale to independent refiners will initially be sold as boiler fuel. A federal shale oil storage program might be feasible to supplement the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. Based on refinery configurations, hydrogen supply, transportation systems, and crude availability, eleven refineries in Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs) 2A and 2B have been identified as potential processors of shale oil. Based on refining technology and projected product demands to the year 2000, shale oil will be best suited to the production of diesel fuel and jet fuel. Tests of raw shale oil in boilers are needed to demonstrate nitrogen oxide emissions control.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Price Changes in the Gasoline Market - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0626 February 1999 Price Changes in the Gasoline Market Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky? Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585

340

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biofuel on the International Oil Market Gal Hochman, Deepakof biofuel on the international oil market ? Gal Hochman,are dominated by cartel of oil-rich countries, and that

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Myth About Second Quarter Crude Oil Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presented by: Dr. John S. Cook, Director, Petroleum Division EIA's Office of Oil and GasMarch 10, 2000

Information Center

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Examination of the rationality of real estate market pricing : focusing on the US office property market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines whether or not investors behave rationally when they price the U.S. office properties. After reviewing several previous studies on the market efficiency, this paper makes three new attempts: first, we ...

Jeong, Jinbae

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Propane Market Status Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Propane Market Status Report 07272000 Click here to start Table of Contents Propane Market Status Report Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil Propane Demand by Sector Demand Impacted...

344

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ternative Approaches for Power Capacity Markets”, Papers andand Steven Stoft, “Installed Capacity and Price Caps: Oil onElectricity Markets Have a Capacity requirement? If So, How

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

EFFICIENT PRICING IN ELECTRICITY MARKETS: WHO IS ON REAL-TIME PRICING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When prices are set properly, they serve as important signals to guide customers to consume the efficient quantity of a good. However, in electricity markets many consumers do not pay prices that reflect the scarcity of power. The true social cost of power varies throughout a typical day; power is usually low cost during off-peak periods in the night but it is high cost during a hot July afternoon. Economists have argued for several decades that consumers should pay a price that varies with the true social cost of power. However, the vast majority of consumers pay a fixed price whether they use power at midnight or noon. This can create a host of economic inefficiencies. Fortunately, this is beginning to change. In many states, including Texas, large commercial and industrial users of electricity pay prices that reflect the social cost of power at the time of consumption. This pricing mechanism is called “real-time pricing” (RTP) in electricity markets. I have access to a unique, new dataset of virtually all 8000 commercial and industrial users in Texas that includes information on both whether they pay real-time prices and their hourly consumption for one year. First, I econometrically iv estimate the types of commercial and industrial firms that are likely to “sign up” for time-varying prices. Second, I test whether the customers on real-time prices reduce demand substantially in response to higher prices. I find that customers with greater total hourly consumption are more likely to be on real-time pricing. Customers with more „peaky? load profiles are less likely to be on real-time pricing. Customers in south and west Texas have a greater probability of being on RTP than customers in Houston. I also study whether customers on RTP decrease consumption on hot summer days when electricity is scare. These results have important implications for the design of both deregulated electricity markets and policies that seek to increase the amount of electricity generated with renewable sources of energy.

Fontana, Michelle

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

The effect of biofuel on the international oil market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a barrel of crude oil increases with the quantity supplied –use global quantities of GEG imported and consumed by oil-oil-exporting countries is larger and prices lower than the quantity and

Hochman, Gal; Rajagopal, Deepak; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

The Impact of Market Rules and Market Structure on the Price Determination Process in the England and Wales Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper argues that the market rules governing the operation of the England and Wales electricity market in combination with the structure of this market presents the two major generators---National Power and PowerGen---with opportunities to earn revenues substantially in excess of their costs of production for short periods of time. Generators competing to serve this market have two strategic weapons at their disposal: (1) the price bid for each generation set and (2) the capacity of each generation set made available to supply the market each half-hour period during the day. We argue that because of the rules governing the price determination process in this market, by the strategic use of capacity availability declarations, when conditions exogenous to the behavior of the two major generators favor it, these two generators are able to obtain prices for their output substantially in excess of their marginal costs of generation. The paper establishes these points in the following manner. First, we provide a description of the market structure and rules governing the operation of the England and Wales electricity market, emphasizing those aspects that are important to the success of the strategy we believe the two generators use to exercise market power. We then summarize the time series properties of the price of electricity emerging from this market structure and price-setting process. By analyzing four fiscal years of actual market prices, quantities and generator bids into the market, we provide various pieces of evidence in favor of the strategic use of the market rules by the two major participants. The paper closes with a discussion of the lessons that the England and Wales experience can provide for the design of competitive power markets in the US, particula...

Frank A. Wolak; Robert H. Patrick

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Crude oil prices peaked early in 2012 - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil prices rose during the first quarter of 2012 as concerns about possible international supply disruptions pushed up petroleum prices.

349

Estimating Large-Customer Demand Response Market Potential: Integrating Price and Customer Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 2006) ISO-NE Real-Time Price Response (RTPR) ProgramResponse to Real Time Electricity Prices”, December,real-time energy market) Short-notice emergency program Price-

Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan, Bernie; Cappers, Peter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Price Forecasting and Optimal Operation of Wholesale Customers in a Competitive Electricity Market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses two main issues: first, forecasting short-term electricity market prices; and second, the application of short-term electricity market price forecasts to operation planning… (more)

Zareipour, Hamidreza

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Electricity Market Price Forecasting: Neural Networks versus Weighted-Distance Nearest Neighbours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In today's deregulated markets, forecasting energy prices is becoming more and more important. In the short term, expected price pro les help market participants to determine their bidding strategies.

A. Troncoso; J.M. Riquelme; Alicia Troncoso Lora; J.L. Martínez; A. Gómez; Jose Riquelme Santos; Jesus Riquelme Santos

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Data driven medium term electricity price forecasting in ontario electricity market and Nord Pool.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Having accurate predictions on market price variations in the future is of great importance to participants in today’s electricity market. Many studies have been done… (more)

Torbaghan, Shahab Shariat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

EIA - Special Report 8/29/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on Oil Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

the U.S. Oil Market the U.S. Oil Market Hurricane Katrina's Impact on the U.S. Oil Market As of 3:00 pm, Monday, August 29 --SEE MOST RECENT-- According to the Minerals Management Service (MMS), Gulf of Mexico oil production was reduced by about 1.4 million barrels per day as a result of Hurricane Katrina. The MMS also reported that 8.3 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production was shut in. The Louisiana Offshore Oil Port (LOOP) stopped making shipments to onshore facilities as of Saturday, and was supplying its customers with oil stored onshore. However, even these operations were stopped on Sunday in order to give employees time to evacuate. Typically, about 1 million barrels per day goes through the LOOP. As of the close of trading on Monday, the WTI futures price was $67.20, up $1.07 per barrel from Friday's closing price, while gasoline and heating oil futures prices were up 14.4 and 7.2 cents respectively from Friday's closing prices.

354

Hedonic study on mobile telephony market in France: pricing---quality strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a hedonic price analysis of mobile telephony services for the French market. We adopt the hedonic price theory to examine the relationship between changes in price levels and the evolution of the market for mobile telecommunications ... Keywords: Hedonic indexes, Mobile telephony, Pricing, Quality-adjustment

Chiraz Karamti; Lukasz Grzybowski

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Oil Price Shocks, Inventories, and Macroeconomic Dynamics,” mimeo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper employs disaggregated manufacturing data to investigate the causes of the time delay between an increase in oil prices and the following slowdown in economic activity. VAR results show that, unlike aggregate GDP, the effect of an oil price shock on new motor vehicles production shows up immediately and is statistically significantly. After one quarter, similar patterns are observed for industries that are oil-intensive or for which motor vehicles constitute a demand-shifter. The continuing fall in manufacturing production then leads the economy into a recession. The paper then estimates a modified linear-quadratic inventory model and shows that this description of the oil price dynamics is consistent with rational behavior by firms. An increase in oil prices leads to a decline in manufacturing sales; partly because the shock catches manufacturers by surprise and partly because of their desire to balance the accelerator and production smoothing motives, manufacturers deviate from the target level of inventories and spread the decline in production over various quarters. Moreover, the dynamics entailed by the structural estimates capture two stylized facts about inventory behavior: procyclicality and persistence.

Ana María Herrera

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Using futures prices to filter short-term volatility and recover a latent, long-term price series for oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices are very volatile. But much of this volatility seems to reflect short-term,transitory factors that may have little or no influence on the price in the long run. Many major investment decisions should be guided ...

Herce, Miguel Angel

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

to 3.95 per gallon. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a year ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the U.S. Energy Information Administration. Heating oil...

358

Analysis on various pricing scenarios in a deregulated electricity market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electricity pricing structure in Texas has changed after deregulation (January 2002). The Energy Systems Laboratory has served as a technical consultant on electricity purchases to several universities in the Texas A&M University System since 2001. In the fiscal year of 2006 Stephen F. Austin State University joined with the TAMU campuses and agencies, and there are now 183 accounts in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) North, Northeast, South, West, and Houston areas of Texas. From the 183 accounts, 9 Interval Data Recorder (IDR) accounts consume 92% of the total load. The objective of this research is to find the most economic price structure to purchase electricity for the Texas A&M System and Stephen F. Austin University by analyzing various pricing scenarios: the spot market, forward contracts, take or pay contracts and on/off season (tiered) contracts. The analysis was based on the 9 IDR accounts. The prices for the spot market were given by ERCOT and the other prices by Sempra. The energy charges were calculated every 15 minute using the real historical consumption of each facility and the aggregated load of all facilities. The result for the analysis was given for each institution separately, as well as for the aggregated load of all facilities. The results of the analysis showed that the tiered price was the most economical structure to purchase electricity for each individual university and for the total aggregated load of all 9 IDR accounts. From March 1, 2005 to February 28, 2006, purchasing electricity on the tiered price would have cost $13,810,560. The forward contract, that is, purchasing electricity on a fixed rate, was the next cheapest with an energy cost of $14,266,870 from March 1, 2005 to February 28, 2006, 3% higher than purchasing electricity at the tiered price. The most expensive method to purchase electricity would have been the spot market. Its energy costs would have been approximately $18,171,610, 36% and 31% higher, respectively, than purchasing electricity at the tiered price and the fixed rate.

Afanador Delgado, Catalina

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Utility Marketing Strategies and Pricing Trends (An Overview)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Industries and utilities alike find themselves today in a very competitive environment. Industry finds that it must defend against threats to its markets from both domestic and foreign competitors. Likewise, utilities are challenged by industry and by neighboring utility companies to achieve new levels in customer service, reliability, and pricing. The two, industry and utility, are not antagonists, but are actually partners in the same venture--the industrial customer's costs are oftentimes tied closely to the price of electric power, and the utility's economic health depends upon the continued success of its customers. To work, a utility's marketing strategy and pricing arrangements must form a cohesive whole. Electric 'power rates must be able to recover a utility's costs and provide a sound fiscal footing for the utility, and yet still be attractive to industry and encourage the economic development of the region. However, lower rates are simply not the only answer in a sound marketing strategy. Rather than merely developing plans in accordance with the lowest feasible rates, it is reasonable for the utility to promote electrical efficiency and industrial productivity to ensure that electricity becomes a decreasing economic burden on industry. The utility and its industrial customers must work together as partners for the success of any marketing strategy. In this way, new arrangements may evolve which pave the way for industrial growth. I chair this tutorial having firsthand experience of the value to a utility of fostering trusting relationships with the industrial customers it serves. Through such relationships, TVA has been able to learn at an early date the needs of the customers it serves, and to do what it can as a utility to meet those needs. This tutorial panel consists of national experts from industry, utility, and consulting firms, each having direct experience in the important area of utility marketing, pricing, and customer relations. "

Reynolds, S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

EPRG WORKING PAPER The Effect of CO2 Pricing on Conventional and Non-Conventional Oil Supply and Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What would be the effect of CO2 pricing on global oil supply and demand? This paper introduces a model describing the interaction between conventional and non-conventional oil supply in a Hotelling framework and under CO2 constraints. The model assumes that nonconventional crude oil enters the market when conventional oil supply alone is unable to meet demand, and the social cost of CO2 is included in the calculation of the oil rent at that time. The results reveal the effect of a CO2 tax set at the social cost of CO2 on oil price and demand and the uncertainty associated with the time when conventional oil production might become unable to meet demand. The results show that a tax on CO2 emissions associated with fuel use would reduce oil demand despite the effect of lower future rents, and would delay the time when conventional oil supply is unable to satisfy demand. More precisely, between 81 and 99 % of the CO2 tax is carried into the oil price despite the counter-balancing effect of the reduced rent. A CO2 tax on fuel use set at the social cost of CO2 would delay by 25 years the time when conventional oil production is unable to meet oil demand, from 2019 to 2044 (mean value). The results show that this date is very sensitive to the price elasticity of demand and the demand growth rate, which shows the great potential of demand-side measures to smooth the transition towards low-carbon liquid fuel alternatives. www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk EPRG WORKING PAPER Keywords JEL Classification Oil supply and demand; Conventional and non-conventional oil; CO2 pricing; Social cost of CO2.

Aurélie Méjean; Chris Hope; Aurélie Méjean; Chris Hope

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Using Environmental Emissions Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from the California Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thePermit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thehigher wholesale electricity prices, during the third and

Kolstad, Jonathan; Wolak, Frank

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

What are the differences between various types of crude oil prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Texas Intermediate and Brent Blend are two crude oils that are either traded themselves or whose prices affect other types of crude oil.

363

Monthly World Oil Prices, 1976 - 2000 - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Monthly World Oil Prices, 1976 - 2000. Sources: EIA, Short-Term Energy Outlook database, August 2000. Previous slide: ... Since US refiners buy crude oil from so many ...

364

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2: August 27, 2: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth on AddThis.com... Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth

365

Crude Oil Price Forecasting with an Improved Model Based on Wavelet Transform and RBF Neural Network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fluctuation of oil price decides the security of energy and economics. So the crude oil price forecasting performs importantly. In the paper, we apply the improved model based on Wavelet Transform and Radial Basis Function (RBF) neural network to ...

Wu Qunli; Hao Ge; Cheng Xiaodong

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Figure 21. Annual average spot price for Brent crude oil in three ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 21. Annual average spot price for Brent crude oil in three cases, 1990-2040 (2011 dollars per barrel) Reference Low Oil Price

367

Louisiana Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

24.51: 24.84: 30.52: 40.48: 54.05: 64.23: 71.63: 100.89: 59.18: 2010's: 78.25: 106.20: 105.97 ... Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area ...

368

Montana Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

72.51: 72.37: 82.12: 87.25: 86.80: 82.93: 80.25: 2013: 88.92: 87.79: 86.40: 86.18: 87.02: 85.58: 98.28: 98.25 ... Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area ...

369

Crude Oil Price Prediction Based On Multi-scale Decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A synergetic model (DWT-LSSVM) is presented in this paper. First of all, the raw data is decomposed into approximate coefficients and the detail coefficients at different scales by discrete wavelet transforms (DWT). These coefficients obtained by previous ... Keywords: crude oil price, least squares vector machines, wavelet transform

Yejing Bao; Xun Zhang; Lean Yu; Shouyang Wang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

The oil price really is a speculative bubble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The oil price really is a speculative bubble. Yet only recently has the U.S. Congress, for example, showed recognition that this might even be a possibility. In general there seems to be a preference for the claim that the ...

Eckaus, Richard S.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The theoretical model predicts real oil prices to be one of the main long-run drivers of real output. Using quarterly data between 1979 and 2009 on core macroeconomic variables for Jordan and a number of key foreign variables, we identify two long...

Mohaddes, Kamiar; Raissi, Mehdi

2011-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

372

Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

449 449 September 2009 Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance Barry Friedman and Mackay Miller National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46449 September 2009 Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance Barry Friedman and Mackay Miller Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3003 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

373

Transmission access and pricing with multiple separate energy forward markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

California`s congestion management protocols provide comparable access and prices to all users of the transmission system (power exchange and bilateral contract parties). The users implicitly bid for capacity on major transmission paths between zones. The Independent System Operator (ISO) allocates the available transmission capacity on these paths so that it maximizes the value of this capacity as measured by the users` bids. Everyone scheduling flow on a congested path is charged the marginal-cost-based price for using the path. The ISO keeps each party`s portfolio of generation and load individually in balance when adjusting schedules to relieve congestion on interzonal paths. By keeping the portfolios of the different parties separate, the ISO clears its transmission market without arranging energy trades between parties. Parties are responsible for arranging their own trades. The ISO does not become involved in the energy forward markets.

Gribik, P.R. [Perot Systems Corp., Los Angeles, CA (United States); Angelidis, G.A. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States); Kovacs, R.R. [Southern California Edison, Rosemead, CA (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil Prices. Sources: History: EIA; Projections: Short-Term Energy Outlook, September 2000.

375

June 2003VOLATILITY IN NATURAL GAS AND OIL MARKETS * by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Using daily futures price data, I examine the behavior of natural gas and crude oil price volatility since 1990. I test whether there has been a significant trend in volatility, whether there was a short-term increase in volatility during the time of the Enron collapse, and whether natural gas and crude oil price volatilities are interrelated. I also measure the persistence of shocks to volatility and discuss its implications for gas- and oil-related contingent claims.

Robert S. Pindyck; Robert S. Pindyck

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

INTERIM VALIDATION REPORT MIDDLE DISTILLATE PRICE MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the price of home heating oil may also be obtained byincluding kerosene, home heating oil, range oil, stove oil,to most marketers of home heating oil. Consequently, during

Hopelain, D.G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Prediction of movement direction in crude oil prices based on semi-supervised learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oil price prediction has long been an important determinant in the management of most sectors of industry across the world, and has therefore consistently required detailed research. However, existing approaches to oil price prediction have sometimes ... Keywords: Feature extraction (PCA/NLPCA), Machine learning, Oil price prediction, Semi-supervised learning (SSL), Technical indicators

Hyunjung Shin, Tianya Hou, Kanghee Park, Chan-Kyoo Park, Sunghee Choi

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Heating oil prices rise due to winter demand and crude oil prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

379

Light-Heavy Price Difference Varies - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The light-heavy crude oil price differential is not constant, and depends on many market factors that derive from the crude market, from the refining market (which ...

380

EIA Report 9/13/08 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Market Impacts. Prices. NYMEX Futures Prices ... Gulf of Mexico Oil & Natural Gas Facts Energy Information Administration: Gulf of ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Kinetic market models with single commodity having price fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study here numerically the behavior of an ideal gas like model of markets having only one non-consumable commodity. We investigate the behavior of the steady-state distributions of money, commodity and total wealth, as the dynamics of trading or exchange of money and commodity proceeds, with local (in time) fluctuations in the price of the commodity. These distributions are studied in markets with agents having uniform and random saving factors. The self-organizing features in money distribution are similar to the cases without any commodity (or with consumable commodities), the commodity distribution shows an exponential decay. The wealth distribution shows interesting behavior: Gamma like distribution for uniform saving propensity and has the same power-law tail, as that of the money distribution for a market with agents having random saving propensity.

Chatterjee, A; Chakrabarti, Bikas K.; Chatterjee, Arnab

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Oil Prices, External Income, and Growth: Lessons from Jordan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper extends the long-run growth model of Esfahani et al. (2012a) to a labour exporting country that receives large in‡ows of external income – the sum of remittances, FDI and general government transfers – from major oil exporting economies. The theoretical model predicts real oil prices to be one of the main long-run drivers of real output. Using quarterly data between 1979 and 2009 on core macroeconomic variables for Jordan and a number of key foreign variables, we identify two long-run relationships: an output equation as predicted by theory and an equation linking foreign and domestic in‡ation rates. It is shown that real output in the long run is shaped by (i) oil prices through their impact on external income and in turn on capital accumulation, and (ii) technological transfers through foreign output. The empirical analysis of the paper con…rms the hypothesis that a large share of Jordan’s output volatility can be associated with ‡uctuations in net income received from abroad (arising from oil price shocks). External factors, however, cannot be relied upon to provide similar growth stimuli in the future, and therefore it will be important to diversify the sources of growth in order to achieve a high and sustained level of income.

Kamiar Mohaddes A; Mehdi Raissi B

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Revised Draft Fuel Price Forecasts for the Draft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas prices, as well as oil and coal prices, are forecast using an Excel spreadsheet model at this time, natural gas prices are forecast in more detail than oil and coal prices. Residential in the industrial boiler fuel market to help keep natural gas prices low. Continuing declines in coal prices coupled

384

DRAFT FUEL PRICE FORECASTS FOR THE 5TH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Forecast Methods Natural gas prices, as well as oil and coal prices, are forecast using an Excel in more detail than oil and coal prices. Residential and commercial sector retail natural gas prices market to help keep natural gas prices low. Continuing declines in coal prices coupled with improved

385

Document Number 2000-18, October, 2000 1 Study of Western Power Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Pool - US Systems for June 28, the peak price day of June, indicates a peak net hourly load levels. Prices in the spot market at Henry Hub in Louisiana have been over $5 recently and are expectedDocument Number 2000-18, October, 2000 1 Study of Western Power Market Prices Summer 2000 Final

386

Analyzing Multiple-Product Power Markets: Simulation of Energy and Ancillary Services Prices and System Adequacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interpretation of price signals is a primary business task of power market participants, made more challenging by the shift from cost-based to bid-based pricing. This report outlines a novel pricing framework that accounts for the behavior and interaction of forward and real-time energy markets and the ancillary services required to maintain system reliability.

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5: November 12, 5: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #495: November 12, 2007 Oil Price and Economic Growth, 1971-2006 on

388

The role of content regulation on pricing and market power in regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. This paper focuses on one potential explanation ...

Muehlegger, Erich J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The social costs to the US of monopolization of the world oil market, 1972--1991  

SciTech Connect

The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the US over the period 1972--1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the US and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel's ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972--1991 period to a hypothetical more competitive'' world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader's judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing US oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing theeconomic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy's potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy's inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972--1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US's primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

Greene, D.L.; Leiby, P.N.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

The social costs to the US of monopolization of the world oil market, 1972--1991  

SciTech Connect

The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the US over the period 1972--1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the US and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel`s ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972--1991 period to a hypothetical ``more competitive`` world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader`s judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing US oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing theeconomic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy`s potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy`s inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972--1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US`s primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

Greene, D.L.; Leiby, P.N.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Structure of the world oil market and the role of OPEC  

SciTech Connect

OPEC members have long been suspected of acting collusively in the market and the object of this dissertation is to estimate the degree of interdependence or the degree of collusion among the large producers in OPEC by analyzing their past output behavior. It is assumed that the oil industry in the non-Communist part of the world consists of a group of small producers acting as price takers and a group of large producers in OPEC setting the price in the market. Large producers may collude or act independently. In order to achieve the objective, a Nash-Cournot non-cooperative model of the world oil market is developed. This model assumes that the world oil industry is composed of a group of small producers acting as price takers (the fringe) and a group of large producers acting independently in the market. Each large producer maximizes his own sum of discounted profits while taking the sales paths of other large producers as well as the sales path of the fringe as given. The solution of the model leads to the optimal production path for an independent large producer, who operates in a market consisting of n independent large producers. This optimal production path, however, is applicable to individual large producers only if they all act independently in the market. Therefore, this optimal production path is modified into a general equation representing the optimal production path for an individual large producer in OPEC, whether he acts independently or colludes with other large producers.

Najafizadeh, A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. had never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70 per barrel, and in July 2008 it reached a peak of $145. By the end of 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing again, reaching about $110 in 2011. Are “speculators ” to blame for at least part of the volatility and sharp run-ups in price? We clarify the potential and actual effects of speculators, and investors in general, on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We first address the question of what is meant by “oil price speculation, ” and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, oil inventories, or oil price derivatives (such as futures contracts). Next we outline the ways in which one could speculate on oil prices. Finally, we turn to the data, and calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation as the driver of price changes is consistent with the data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and changes in convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck; Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Impact of market structure and political instability on the official price of OPEC crude (1972-83)  

SciTech Connect

Within the empirical literature, political instability was either completely ignored or the assumption was made that its impact was significant. One of the major objectives of this study is to determine whether political instability had a significant impact on the oil market during the 1972-83 period. Secondly, there were very important changes that took place within the market - considerable reduction in the non-communist world's oil consumption, increase in production outside OPEC, reduced OPEC market share and capacity use, increased sale of oil directly by OPEC rather than through the oil multinationals, and nationalization of the asset of the latter within OPEC. Within the empirical literature some attention has been paid to the first four changes. The last two changes, however, have generally been assumed to be insignificant. Consequently, the second objective is to determine whether the change of the distribution of ownership within and direct marketing by OPEC itself have had a significant impact on the official price of OPEC crude. The third objective is improved specification of past models of the world oil market through consideration of the influences mentioned above. Results of the study show that political instability, contrary to popular opinion, did not have a significant impact on the market during the 1972-83 period.

Kendall, P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Does Big Oil Collude and Price Gouge? Big Oil came back into the headlines in recent weeks with another spike in gasoline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Does Big Oil Collude and Price Gouge? Big Oil came back into the headlines in recent weeks gasoline price spike, Congress summoned the executives of the Big Oil companies to testify about their enormous profits. Some commentators and pundits characterize the pricing policy of Big Oil as "price

Ahmad, Sajjad

395

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is unable to reduce electricity prices. The unstorability ofhourly variability in electricity prices while maintainingboth forward and spot electricity prices a ect demand. Our

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Support vector regression with chaos-based firefly algorithm for stock market price forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the inherent non-linearity and non-stationary characteristics of financial stock market price time series, conventional modeling techniques such as the Box-Jenkins autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) are not adequate for stock market ... Keywords: Chaotic mapping, Firefly algorithm, Stock market price forecasting, Support vector regression

Ahmad Kazem; Ebrahim Sharifi; Farookh Khadeer Hussain; Morteza Saberi; Omar Khadeer Hussain

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

St[r]ategic offers in an oligopolistic electricity market under pay-as-bid pricing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Marginal pricing is the traditional pricing method in pool based electricity markets, however pay-as-bid is an alternative that has been the focus of recent studies.… (more)

Ganjbakhsh, Omid.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the variables influencing the price and volatility of this energy ...

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Market Price Forecast Study.  

SciTech Connect

This chapter presents BPA's market price forecasts, which are based on AURORA modeling. AURORA calculates the variable cost of the marginal resource in a competitively priced energy market. In competitive market pricing, the marginal cost of production is equivalent to the market-clearing price. Market-clearing prices are important factors for informing BPA's rates. AURORA is used as the primary tool for (a) calculation of the demand rate, (b) shaping the PF rate, (c) estimating the forward price for the IOU REP settlement benefits calculation for fiscal years 2008 and 2009, (d) estimating the uncertainty surrounding DSI payments, (e) informing the secondary revenue forecast and (f) providing a price input used for the risk analysis.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Final Proposal : Market Price Forecast Study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents BPA's market price forecasts for the Final Proposal, which are based on AURORA modeling. AURORA calculates the variable cost of the marginal resource in a competitively priced energy market. In competitive market pricing, the marginal cost of production is equivalent to the market-clearing price. Market-clearing prices are important factors for informing BPA's power rates. AURORA was used as the primary tool for (a) estimating the forward price for the IOU REP Settlement benefits calculation for fiscal years (FY) 2008 and 2009, (b) estimating the uncertainty surrounding DSI payments and IOU REP Settlements benefits, (c) informing the secondary revenue forecast and (d) providing a price input used for the risk analysis. For information about the calculation of the secondary revenues, uncertainty regarding the IOU REP Settlement benefits and DSI payment uncertainty, and the risk run, see Risk Analysis Study WP-07-FS-BPA-04.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Crude Oil Watch - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Estimated Contract Prices, EIA Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Platt’s Oilgram Price Report, Petroleum Intelligence Weekly , Bloomberg Oil Buyers’ Guide, ...

402

Ethanol and Its Effect on the U.S. Corn Market: How the Price of E-85 Influences Equilibrium Corn Prices and Equilibrium Quantity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study analyzes the impact the market price of E-85 has on equilibrium price and quantity exchanged of corn in the U.S. market. After presenting… (more)

PINCIN, JARED

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

An economist`s overview: Recent developments affecting future oil supply, prices  

SciTech Connect

This article features a discussion of the production of crude oil in non-OPEC countries compared to OPEC countries and concludes that while OPEC has lost significant market share over a fifteen-year period, it has regained much of that loss over the past five years. Also included is refining netback data as of December 22th for the US Gulf Coast, US West Coast, Singapore, and Rotterdam. Prices and taxes (US$) for fuels in North and South America are also given.

NONE

1995-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

404

Oil Price Forecasting with an EMD-Based Multiscale Neural Network Learning Paradigm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a multiscale neural network learning paradigm based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is proposed for crude oil price prediction. In this learning paradigm, the original price series are first decomposed into various independent intrinsic ... Keywords: Crude oil price forecasting, artificial neural networks, empirical mode decomposition, multiscale learning paradigm

Lean Yu; Kin Keung Lai; Shouyang Wang; Kaijian He

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Forecast Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Notes: Prices have already recovered from the spike, but are expected to remain elevated over year-ago levels because of the higher crude oil prices. There is a lot of uncertainty in the market as to where crude oil prices will be next winter, but our current forecast has them declining about $2.50 per barrel (6 cents per gallon) from today's levels by next October. U.S. average residential heating oil prices peaked at almost $1.50 as a result of the problems in the Northeast this past winter. The current forecast has them peaking at $1.08 next winter, but we will be revisiting the outlook in more detail next fall and presenting our findings at the annual Winter Fuels Conference. Similarly, diesel prices are also expected to fall. The current outlook projects retail diesel prices dropping about 14 cents per gallon

406

Price movements in the Japanese online home electronics market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article investigates the price movements of home electronics products listed on a Japanese price comparison site. Our findings are as follows. (1) Price dispersion increases at earlier stages of the product life cycle and decreases at later stages. ... Keywords: Asymmetric pricing, Comparison sites, D4, D8, Economics, Empirical research, Internet, L13, Law of one price, M3, Price dispersion

Tomonari Akimoto; Fumiko Takeda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Price discovery and information diffusion in the Perth housing market 1988-2000.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] This thesis examines informational efficiency and price discovery processes within the Perth housing market for the period 1988-2000 by utilising a rich source… (more)

Costello, Greg

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Elastic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

absence of any significant, rapid demand-side response to the wholesale (or, spot market) price. For a variety of reasons, electricity industries continue to charge most consumers...

409

Stochastic models of electricity prices and risk premia in the PJM market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With a main focus on risk premia in a US electricity market, we propose three stochastic models for electricity spot prices. Based on the proposed… (more)

Xiao, Yuewen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the… (more)

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Markets & Finance | U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Don't miss: EIA's monthly Market Prices and Uncertainty Report or What Drives Crude Oil Prices? (an analysis of 7 key factors that may influence oil prices, physical ...

413

Markets & Finance - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Markets & Finance Markets & Finance Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Market Prices and Uncertainty Charts Archive Analysis & Projections Most Requested Electricity Financial Markets Financial Reporting System Working Papers Market Prices and Uncertainty Report What Drives Crude Oil Prices All Reports Don't miss: EIA's monthly Market Prices and Uncertainty Report or What Drives Crude Oil Prices? (an analysis of 7 key factors that may influence oil prices, physical market factorsand factors related to trading and financial markets). Crude oil price volatility and uncertainty› Evolution of WTI futures Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Short-Term Energy Outlook, Market Prices and Uncertainty Report. Heating oil price volatility and uncertainty› RBOB and Heating oil implied volatility

414

World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2010 (released in AEO2010)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

In AEO2010, the price of light, low-sulfur (or sweet) crude oil delivered at Cushing, Oklahoma, is tracked to represent movements in world oil prices. EIA makes projections of future supply and demand for total liquids, which includes conventional petroleum liquidssuch as conventional crude oil, natural gas plant liquids, and refinery gainin addition to unconventional liquids, which include biofuels, bitumen, coal-to-liquids (CTL), gas-to-liquids (GTL), extra-heavy oils, and shale oil.

Information Center

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

415

Price Discovery in the Natural Gas Markets of the United States and Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of the U.S. and Canada natural gas spot markets are evolving through deregulation policies and technological advances. Economic theory suggests that these markets will be integrated. The key question is the extent of integration among the markets. This thesis characterizes the degree of dynamic integration among 11 major natural gas markets, six from the U.S. and five from Canada, and determines each individual markets’ role in price discovery. This is the first study to include numerous Canadian markets in a North American natural gas market study. Causal flows modeling using directed acyclic graphs in conjunction with time series analysis are used to explain the relationships among the markets. Daily gas price data from 1994 to 2009 are used. The 11 natural gas market prices are tied together with nine long-run co-integrating relationships. All markets are included in the co-integration space, providing evidence the markets are integrated. Results show the degree of integration varies by region. Further results indicate no clear price leader exists among the 11 markets. Dawn market is exogenous in contemporaneous time, while Sumas market is an information sink. Henry Hub plays a significant role in the price discovery of markets in the U.S. Midwest and Northeast, but little to markets in the west. The uncertainty of a marketsprice depends primarily on markets located in nearby regions. Policy makers may use information on market integration for important policy matters in efforts of attaining efficiency. Gas traders benefit from knowing the price discovery relationships.

Olsen, Kyle

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Coming revolution in world oil markets. [Abetted by conservation, fuel substitution, and better technologies  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Singer feels that a revolution will take place in the world oil market provided government does not enact counterproductive policies, but stands aside to let market forces achieve their inevitable results. He observes that by the end of this decade, and certainly in the 1990s, the free world may require less than half of the oil it uses today - some 20 million barrels per day (mbd) instead of 50 mbd. However, some 75% of this oil, instead of the current 25%, will be refined into gasoline and other motor fuels, while natural gas, nuclear energy and coal in different forms will substitute for most of the fuel oil to produce heat and steam - generally at much lower cost. Oil has become too expensive to burn, and a major adjustment in world-wide use patterns is overdue. Three factors will bring about these dramatic changes: First, new coal technologies: they make it convenient to replace heavy fuel oil in existing oil-fired boilers. Second, advances in refinery technology: they can produce more light products, gasoline and motor fuels, and less heavy fuel oil from a barrel of crude oil. Third, and above all, the laws of economics: higher oil prices, by themselves, encourage conservation and substitution. In addition, large price differentials between higher-quality light crudes and heavy crudes that normally yield less gasoline put a significant premium on refinery upgrading. And wholesale prices for gasoline are greater and are rising faster than those of residual fuel oil. Squeezing out more gasoline can increase the value of a barrel of crude substantially. Dr. Singer notes that the coming revolution is not generally recognized because many of the demand and supply trends are just emerging. He proceeds to discuss the staggering consequences of such a revolution.

Singer, S.F.

1981-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

417

Market structure and the price of electricity: An ex ante analysis of the deregulated Swedish electricity market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following new legislation the Swedish electricity market is about to be deregulated. The new system is designed to ensure competition in production and supply. The main motive for deregulation is to increase competition and thus achieve lower market prices. A possible threat to this outcome is the high degree of concentration on the seller side that characterizes the Swedish electricity market. In this paper we show that given the current structure of firms on the supply side, deregulation is not a sufficient condition for lower equilibrium prices in the electricity market. We use a numerical model to explore the quantitative relation between the Cournot-equilibrium price, the number of firms, and the size distribution of firms in the Swedish electricity market. We compute equilibrium electricity prices and a welfare measure in order to quantify the effect of asymmetric market concentration on competition. 3 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

Andersson, B.; Bergman, L. [Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

418

EIA-Annual Energy Outlook 2010 - Low Oil PriceTables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Oil Price Tables (2007-2035) Oil Price Tables (2007-2035) Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Main Low Oil Price Tables (2007- 2035) Table Title Formats Summary Low Oil Price Case Tables PDF Gif Year-by-Year Low Oil Price Case Tables Excel Gif Table 1. Total Energy Supply and Disposition Summary Excel Gif Table 2. Energy Consumption by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 3. Energy Prices by Sector and Source Excel Gif Table 4. Residential Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 5. Commercial Sector Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 6. Industrial Sector Key Indicators and Consumption Excel Gif Table 7. Transportation Sector Key Indicators and Delivered Energy Consumption Excel Gif Table 8. Electricity Supply, Disposition, Prices, and Emissions Excel Gif Table 9. Electricity Generating Capacity

419

Impacts of PSC Elements on Contract Economics under Oil Price Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Production sharing contract (PSC) is one of the most common types of cooperation modes in international petroleum contracts. The elements that affect PSC economics mainly include royalty, cost oil, profit oil as well as income tax. Assuming that oil ... Keywords: Production Sharing, Oil Price, Oil Contract, International Petroleum Cooperation

Wang Zhen; Zhao Lin; Liu Mingming

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Figure 87. Ratio of Brent crude oil price to Henry Hub spot ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sheet3 Sheet2 Sheet1 Figure 87. Ratio of Brent crude oil price to Henry Hub spot natural gas price in energy-equivalent terms, 1990-2040 Ratio Released:April 15, 2013

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Short-Term Energy Outlook Model Documentation: Regional Residential Heating Oil Price Model  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The regional residential heating oil price module of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) model is designed to provide residential retail price forecasts for the 4 census regions: Northeast, South, Midwest, and West.

Information Center

2009-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

422

Using artificial neural networks to forecast the futures prices of crude oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Crude oil is the commodity de jour and its pricing is of paramount importance to the layperson as well as to any responsible government. However, one of the main challenges facing econometric pricing models is the forecasting accuracy. ...

Hassan A. Khazem / A. K. Mazouz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

The relationship between crude oil and natural gas spot prices and its stability over time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The historical basis for a link between crude oil and natural gas prices was examined to determine whether one has existed in the past and exists in the present. Physical bases for a price relationship are examined. An ...

Ramberg, David J. (David John)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Spot Prices for Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Spot Prices Spot Prices (Crude Oil in Dollars per Barrel, Products in Dollars per Gallon) Period: Daily Weekly Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Product by Area 12/09/13 12/10/13 12/11/13 12/12/13 12/13/13 12/16/13 View History Crude Oil WTI - Cushing, Oklahoma 97.1 98.32 97.25 97.21 96.27 97.18 1986-2013 Brent - Europe 110.07 108.91 109.47 108.99 108.08 110.3 1987-2013 Conventional Gasoline New York Harbor, Regular 2.677 2.698 2.670 2.643 2.639 2.650 1986-2013 U.S. Gulf Coast, Regular 2.459 2.481 2.429 2.398 2.377 2.422 1986-2013 RBOB Regular Gasoline Los Angeles 2.639 2.661 2.569 2.543 2.514 2.527 2003-2013 No. 2 Heating Oil New York Harbor

425

Lower prices wreak havoc on Alaska oil patch  

SciTech Connect

The decline in oil prices has slowed drilling activity at Prudhoe Bay even while offshore field construction work continues. By winter, the layoff of about 14 drilling rigs will mean unemployment for an estimated 1400 workers at one field. New construction projects include a plant to process natural gas liquids for the trans-Alaska pipeline and a miscible injection project. The potential of the limestone reservoir at the Lisburne field will remain an unknown until information is available on the effects of gas injection and waterflooding. The author describes work in progress at Lisburne, Kuparuk River, Endicott, and Milne Point Fields to illustrate the bleak prospects for North Slope development. Higher prices in the future, however, will leave the US with large reserves to develop if the companies can weather the lean years. 1 figure.

Bradner, T.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

OPEC and the price of oil in 1993  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is based on a talk given by Mr. Francisco R. Parra - a former Secretary General of OPEC and senior executive of Petroleos de Venezuela - at the Advanced International Petroleum Executive Seminar held by Petroleum Economics Limited in Divonne, from 9 to 11 March 1993. The article first appeared in Middle East Economic Survey 36:26, 29 March 1993. It is reprinted here with permission from the author and MEES. In his talk, he examines the minimal impact of OPEC on world oil prices during the past five years and discusses a number of reasons for this. To reverse this, he concludes that OPEC should limit inventories until prices for crude reach $25/bbl. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Parra, F.R.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

427

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #267: May 12, 2003 Oil Price Relationship  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7: May 12, 2003 7: May 12, 2003 Oil Price Relationship to Economic Growth in the United States, 1970-2002 to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #267: May 12, 2003 Oil Price Relationship to Economic Growth in the United States, 1970-2002 on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #267: May 12, 2003 Oil Price Relationship to Economic Growth in the United States, 1970-2002 on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #267: May 12, 2003 Oil Price Relationship to Economic Growth in the United States, 1970-2002 on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #267: May 12, 2003 Oil Price Relationship to Economic Growth in the United States, 1970-2002 on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #267: May 12, 2003 Oil Price

428

Cost, Conflict and Climate: U.S. Challenges in the World Oil Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1A Figure 6: Uses of Crude Oil in the United States Otherincreases in the price of crude oil during the last half ofdollar-denominated price of crude oil increased about 50%.

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Biodiesel profitability and linkages to the soybean oil market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis investigates the relationship between soybean oil and biodiesel markets in the US through a structural model and a time-series econometric model. A conceptual… (more)

Zahran, Hala

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Multiscale forecasting and risk measurement in the crude oil market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???With the increasing trend of globalization and deregulation comes the increasing level of structural complexity in the crude oil market, which in turn leads to… (more)

He, Kaijian ( ???)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

term trends for house prices and asks where prices will go from here. I would like to say Halifax price Nationwide price Chart 1: Halifax and Nationwide House Price Trends SourcesHOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply

Evans, Paul

432

Price supports and demand in commodity market modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gerdner, B. L. "Futures Prices in Supply Analysis." Amer. J.Service. Spot and Futures Prices." Limited Dcpenden{avec Leuthold, R. ~1. "The Price Performance on the Futures

Riboud, Chris; Rausser, Gordon C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Competition and price discrimination in the market for mailing lists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Katz, M. L. (1984). Price discrimination and monopolistic395–416. Shepard, A. (1991). Price discrimination and retailJ. (1952). The theory of price. New York: Macmillan. Stole,

Borzekowski, Ron; Thomadsen, Raphael; Taragin, Charles

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

U.S. Crude Oil First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Release Date: 10/1/2013: Next Release Date: 11/1/2013: Referring Pages: Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by Area

435

The relationship between crude oil and natural gas spot prices and its stability over time.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The historical basis for a link between crude oil and natural gas prices was examined to determine whether one has existed in the past and… (more)

Ramberg, David J. (David John)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The relationship between crude oil and natural gas prices and its effect on demand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The overall theme of the three chapters is the relationship between the prices of natural gas and crude oil, and the factors that cause short… (more)

Rosthal, Jennifer Elizabeth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Low natural gas prices in 2012 reduced returns for some oil and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Producers with lower proportions of liquids in their total oil and gas production generally had ... wholesale natural gas prices in the United States and Canada fell ...

438

Forecasting market prices in a supply chain game q Christopher Kiekintveld a,*, Jason Miller b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), the simulation day, and the linear trend of selling prices from the previous ten days. For predicting future prices, we used the same set of features with the addition of the estimated customer demand trend (s). 4Forecasting market prices in a supply chain game q Christopher Kiekintveld a,*, Jason Miller b

Wellman, Michael P.

439

Crude Oil Watch - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Spot market crude oil prices continued higher last week despite light trading volume due to Hurricane Floyd. ... Guide, Oil and Gas Journal, Wall Street Journal.

440

Dynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering, and Demand Response in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as Large Comm. Interval metering system with monthly dataDynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering and Demand Response inE Dynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering, and Demand Response in

Borenstein, Severin; Jaske, Michael; Rosenfeld, Arthur

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Central Appalachian (CAPP) coal spot prices affect markets for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Note: Bloomberg prices for the prompt month have been shifted forward by one month to show the spot versus delivered price for the same month.

442

WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: As we just saw, one of the primary factors impacting gasoline price is the crude oil price. This graph shows monthly average spot West Texas Intermediate crude oil prices. Spot WTI crude oil prices broke $36 per barrel in November briefly as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. Crude oil prices are expected to be about $30 per barrel for the rest of this year, but note the uncertainty bands on this projection. They give an indication of how difficult it is to know what these prices are going to do. Also, EIA does not forecast volatility. This relatively flat forecast could be correct on average, with wide swings around the base line. With the EIA forecast for crude prices staying high this year,

443

2012 Brief: Average 2012 crude oil prices remain near 2011 levels ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average crude oil prices in 2012 were at historically high levels for the second year in a row. Brent crude oil averaged $111.67 per barrel, slightly above the 2011 ...

444

Why Hasn’t the Jump in Oil Prices Led to a Recession?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil prices have increased substantially over the last several years.When oil price increases of this magnitude occurred during the 1970s, they were associated with severe recessions.Why hasn’t that happened this time around? This Letter explores some answers to that question. Why should oil affect the economy? When the price of oil rises, U.S. households and businesses who purchase fuel oil, gasoline, and other petroleum-based products have less disposable income to spend on other goods and services. However, for domestically produced oil, oil producers receive the extra income from the products they sell, so total U.S. income is not directly affected.Therefore, for domestic oil, a price increase

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 83.0 96.4 146.4 153.3 182.2 226.1 220.3 342.3 248.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 155.1 160.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 115.7 117.8 180.4 141.5 198.4 222.4 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA 183.4 NA NA NA NA NA

446

The projected impact of lower oil prices on US energy conservation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of conservation savings during a period of rising world oil prices (1972 to 1982), the dramatic drop in world oil prices in 1986 elicits the question: Do low world oil prices threaten the conservation savings that occurred during the previous decade. In order to test the potential loss in conservation from the drop in world oil prices in the target year 1995, two oil price scenarios were constructed: a case testing what would have occurred if oil prices remained at their 1984 level ($30/barrel in 1985 dollars), and one in which prices drop to and are maintained at $14/barrel (in 1985 dollars). This approach represents a boundary analysis, illustrating what could happen to conservation rather than predicting what will happen. By comparing projections of energy consumption under the two scenarios, the potential conservation loss from the drop in oil prices can be estimated: (1) potential conservation losses from lower world oil prices might be in the range of 9% in 1995; (2) only about one quarter of this conservation loss represents potential losses in energy efficiency; and (3) the remaining three quarters of the conservation losses result from behavioral changes and increased economic growth under lower prices. The answer to the question posed above is therefore yes; low oil prices do pose a threat to the conservation savings amassed during the past decade. But the threat is not as great as it could be 1-10% loss versus a 25% previous gain). This is because only a small part of the efficiency gains (about 2.5% out of 17%) would be lost. Most of the projected losses in conservation from low oil prices would be behavioral losses (almost all of the 8% past behavioral gain could be lost). 14 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

448

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Market Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Oil, Heating Oil, and Propane Outlook Briefing for the State Heating Oil and Propane Program Conference Asheville, NC Mike Burdette Petroleum Division, Energy ...

449

Essays on price dynamics, discovery, and dynamic threshold effects among energy spot markets in North America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the role electricity and natural gas sectors play in the North American economy, an understanding of how markets for these commodities interact is important. This dissertation independently characterizes the price dynamics of major electricity and natural gas spot markets in North America by combining directed acyclic graphs with time series analyses. Furthermore, the dissertation explores a generalization of price difference bands associated with the law of one price. Interdependencies among 11 major electricity spot markets are examined in Chapter II using a vector autoregression model. Results suggest that the relationships between the markets vary by time. Western markets are separated from the eastern markets and the Electricity Reliability Council of Texas. At longer time horizons these separations disappear. Palo Verde is the important spot market in the west for price discovery. Southwest Power Pool is the dominant market in Eastern Interconnected System for price discovery. Interdependencies among eight major natural gas spot markets are investigated using a vector error correction model and the Greedy Equivalence Search Algorithm in Chapter III. Findings suggest that the eight price series are tied together through sixlong-run cointegration relationships, supporting the argument that the natural gas market has developed into a single integrated market in North America since deregulation. Results indicate that price discovery tends to occur in the excess consuming regions and move to the excess producing regions. Across North America, the U.S. Midwest region, represented by the Chicago spot market, is the most important for price discovery. The Ellisburg-Leidy Hub in Pennsylvania and Malin Hub in Oregon are important for eastern and western markets. In Chapter IV, a threshold vector error correction model is applied to the natural gas markets to examine nonlinearities in adjustments to the law of one price. Results show that there are nonlinear adjustments to the law of one price in seven pair-wise markets. Four alternative cases for the law of one price are presented as a theoretical background. A methodology is developed for finding a threshold cointegration model that accounts for seasonality in the threshold levels. Results indicate that dynamic threshold effects vary depending on geographical location and whether the markets are excess producing or excess consuming markets.

Park, Haesun

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

How many people actually see the price signal? Quantifying market failures in the end use of energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the tenant. If energy prices rise (from market fluctuationsenergy consumption that is “affected” by a market failure and “insulated” from pricemarket barriers, principal agent problem, energy efficiency, investment, behaviour, energy price,

Meier, Alan; Eide, Anita

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

First high-GLA safflower oil on market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first high-GLA safflower oil has reached the market at commercial scale after six years of research and development work by Arcadia Biosciences, Inc. (Davis, California, USA). First high-GLA safflower oil on market Inform Magazine Inform Archives Om

452

Analyzing and Forecasting Volatility Spillovers, Asymmetries and Hedging in Major Oil Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Crude oil price volatility has been analyzed extensively for organized spot, forward and futures markets for well over a decade, and is crucial for forecasting volatility and Value-at-Risk (VaR). There are four major benchmarks in the international oil market, namely West Texas Intermediate (USA), Brent (North Sea), Dubai/Oman (Middle East), and Tapis (Asia-Pacific), which are likely to be highly correlated. This paper analyses the volatility spillover and asymmetric effects across and within the four markets, using three multivariate GARCH models, namely the constant conditional correlation (CCC), vector ARMA-GARCH (VARMA-GARCH) and vector ARMA-asymmetric GARCH (VARMA-AGARCH) models. A rolling window approach is used to forecast the 1-day ahead conditional correlations. The paper presents evidence of volatility spillovers and asymmetric effects on the conditional variances for most pairs of series. In addition, the forecast conditional correlations between pairs of crude oil returns have both positive and negative trends. Moreover, the optimal hedge ratios and optimal portfolio weights of crude oil across different assets and market portfolios are evaluated in order to provide important policy implications for risk management in crude oil markets.

Chia-lin Chang; Michael Mcaleer; Roengchai Tansuchat; Chia-lin Chang; Michael Mcaleer; Roengchai Tansuchat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Leverage vs. Feedback: Which Effect Drives the Oil Market? Sofiane Aboura  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the WTI crude oil spot price. An increase in the volatility subsequent to an increase in the oil price (i- and fund-managers. Keywords: WTI, Crude Oil Price, Implied Volatility, Leverage Effect, Feedback Effect. JEL Codes: C4, G1, Q4. 1 Introduction The rise of the US benchmark oil West Texas Intermediate (WTI

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

454

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. A Review of Recent Energy Price Projections for Traditional Space Heating Fuel 1985-2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to develop an initial estimate of the potential competitiveness of low temperature (45 degrees C to 100 degrees C) geothermal resources on the Eastern Coastal Plain, the Center for Metropolitant Planning and Research of The Johns Hopkins University reviewed and compared available energy price projections. Series of projections covering the post-1985 period have been made by the Energy Information Administration, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and by private research firms. Since low temperature geothermal energy will compete primarily for the space and process heating markets currently held by petroleum, natural gas, and electricity, projected trends in the real prices for these fuels were examined. The spread in the current and in projected future prices for these fuels, which often serve identical end uses, underscores the influence of specific attributes for each type of fuel, such as cleanliness, security of supply, and governmental regulation. Geothermal energy possesses several important attributes in common with electricity (e.g., ease of maintenance and perceived security of supply), and thus the price of electric space heating is likely to be an upper bound on a competitive price for geothermal energy. Competitiveness would, of course, be increased if geothermal heat could be delivered for prices closer to those for oil and natural gas. The projections reviewed suggest that oil and gas prices will rise significantly in real terms over the next few decades, while electricity prices are projected to be more stable. Electricity prices will, however, remain above those for the other two fuels. The significance of this work rests on the fact that, in market economies, prices provide the fundamental signals needed for efficient resource allocation. Although market prices often fail to fully account for factors such as environmental impacts and long-term scarcity value, they nevertheless embody a considerable amount of information and are the primary guideposts for suppliers and consumers.

Weissbrod, Richard; Barron, William

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Linear Clearing Prices in Non-Convex European Day-Ahead Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European power grid can be divided into several market areas where the price of electricity is determined in a day-ahead auction. Market participants can provide continuous hourly bid curves and combinatorial bids with associated quantities given the prices. The goal of our auction is to maximize the economic surplus of all participants subject to transmission constraints and the existence of linear prices. In general strict linear prices do not exist in non-convex markets. Therefore we enforce the existence of linear prices where no one incurs a loss and only combinatorial bids might see a not realized gain. The resulting optimization problem is an MPEC that can not be solved efficiently by a standard solver. We present an exact algorithm and a fast heuristic for this type of problem. Both algorithms decompose the MPEC into a master MIP and price subproblems (LPs). The modeling technique and the algorithms are applicable to all MIP based combinatorial auctions.

Martin, Alexander; Pokutta, Sebastian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Crude Oil Price Forecasting: A Transfer Learning Based Analog Complexing Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most of the existing models for oil price forecasting only use the data in the forecasted time series itself. This study proposes a transfer learning based analog complexing model (TLAC). It first transfers some related time series in source domain to ... Keywords: transfer learning method, analog complexing model, genetic algorithm, crude oil price forecasting

Jin Xiao; Changzheng He; Shouyang Wang

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Support vector machines versus back propagation algorithm for oil price prediction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The importance of crude oil in the world economy has made it imperative that efficient models be designed for predicting future prices. Neural networks can be used as prediction models, thus, in this paper we investigate and compare the use of a support ... Keywords: back propagation algorithm, crude oil, neural networks, price prediction, radial basis function, support vector machines

Adnan Khashman; Nnamdi I. Nwulu

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Oil Prices and U.S. Aggregate Economic Activity: A Question of Neutrality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research suggests rising oil prices reduced output and increased inflation in the 1970s and early 1980s and falling oil prices boosted output and lowered inflation in the mid- to late 1980s. Stephen P. A. Brown is a senior economist and assistant vice president and Mine K. Yücel is a senior economist and research officer in the

Stephen P. A. Brown; Mine K. Yücel

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

System analysis approach for the identification of factors driving crude oil prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A system analysis approach is proposed to identify the main factors driving international crude oil prices by integrating a partial least squares model, an vector error correction model and the directed acyclic graph method. The different mechanisms ... Keywords: Crude oil price, DAG, Driving factors, Financial crisis, VECM

Qiang Ji

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Forecasting Market Prices in a Supply Chain Game Christopher Kiekintveld, Jason Miller, Patrick R. Jordan, and Michael P. Wellman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecasting Market Prices in a Supply Chain Game Christopher Kiekintveld, Jason Miller, Patrick R, to forecast market prices in the Trading Agent Com- petition Supply Chain Management Game. As a guiding, Experimentation, Measurement Keywords Forecasting, Markets, Price prediction, Trading agent competition, Supply

Wellman, Michael P.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Impact of storage on the efficiency and prices in real-time electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the effect of energy-storage systems in dynamic real-time electricity markets. We consider that demand and renewable generation are stochastic, that real-time production is affected by ramping constraints, and that market players seek to selfishly ... Keywords: electricity pricing, energy economics, energy storage system, market efficiency

Nicolas Gast, Jean-Yves Le Boudec, Alexandre Proutière, Dan-Cristian Tomozei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Federal Reserve Bank of DallasTime-Varying Oil Price Volatility and Macroeconomic Aggregates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We illustrate the theoretical relation among output, consumption, investment, and oil price volatility in a real business cycle model. The model incorporates demand for oil by a firm, as an intermediate input, and by a household, used in conjunction with a durable good. We estimate a stochastic volatility process for the real price of oil over the period 1986-2011 and utilize the estimated process in a non-linear approximation of the model. For realistic calibrations, an increase in oil price volatility produces a temporary decrease in durable spending, while precautionary savings motives lead investment and real GDP to rise. Irreversible capital and durable investment decisions do not overturn this result.

Michael Plante; Michael Plante; Nora Traum; We Thank Ron Alquist; Sebnem Kalemli-ozcan; Junghoon Lee; James Murray

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coal supply. The natural gas supply covers six categories:renewables, oil supply, natural gas supply, natural gasnation-wide natural gas market, equalizing supply with

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

An Econometric Analysis of the Relationship among the U.S. Ethanol, Corn and Soybean Sectors, and World Oil Prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aimed to investigate the relationships among the following variables: U.S. corn prices, U.S. ethanol production, U.S. soybean prices and world oil prices. After… (more)

Savernini, Maira Q. M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Effects of Price Signal Choices on Market Stability Hideyuki Mizuta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their estimates of price trend. The agents then send bids to sell or buy according to their food inventory of trend traders. In section 3 we describe the effects of using other price signals, specifically, the introduction of trend traders can produce price bubbles, as illustrated in Fig. 6. Until now we have described

Steiglitz, Kenneth

466

World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2008 (released in AEO2008)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

AEO2008 defines the world oil price as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered in Cushing, Oklahoma. Since 2003, both above ground and below ground factors have contributed to a sustained rise in nominal world oil prices, from $31 per barrel in 2003 to $69 per barrel in 2007. The AEO2008 reference case outlook for world oil prices is higher than in the AEO2007 reference case. The main reasons for the adoption of a higher reference case price outlook include continued significant expansion of world demand for liquids, particularly in non- OECD countries, which include China and India; the rising costs of conventional non-OPEC supply and unconventional liquids production; limited growth in non-OPEC supplies despite higher oil prices; and the inability or unwillingness of OPEC member countries to increase conventional crude oil production to levels that would be required for maintaining price stability. EIA will continue to monitor world oil price trends and may need to make further adjustments in future AEOs.

Information Center

2008-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

467

A Quantitative Analysis of Oil-Price Shocks, Systematic Monetary Policy, and Economic Downturns  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for their comments. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent Are the recessionary consequences of oil-price shocks due to oil-price shocks themselves or to contractionary monetary policies that arise in response to inflation concerns engendered by rising oil prices? Can systematic monetary policy be used to alleviate the consequences of oil shocks on the economy? This paper builds a dynamic general equilibrium model of monopolistic competition in which oil and money matter to study these questions. The economy's response to oil-price shocks is examined under a variety of monetary policy rules in environments with flexible and sticky prices. We find that easy-inflation policies amplify the negative output response to positive oil shocks and that systematic monetary policy accounts for up to two thirds of the fall in output. On the other hand, we show that a monetary policy that targets the (overall) price level substantially alleviates the impact of oil-price shocks

Sylvan Leduc; Keith Sill; Sylvain Leduc; Keith Sill

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

,"Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices for Selected Crude...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Dollars per Barrel)","Mars Blend First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)","West Texas Intermediate First Purchase Price (Dollars per Barrel)","West Texas Sour First...

469

Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: This chart illustrates why EIA sees crude oil prices staying relatively high. It shows global inventories, as measured by OECD petroleum stocks. EIA sees a tenuous supply/demand balance over the remainder of 2001. Global inventories remain low, and need to recover to more adequate levels of forward demand coverage in order to avoid continued price volatility. The most recent data show OECD inventories remaining at very low levels. Low inventories increase the potential for price volatility throughout 2001. Inventories are a good measure of the supply/demand balance that affects prices. A large over-supply (production greater than demand) will put downward pressure on prices, while under-supply will push prices upward. OECD inventories illustrate the changes in the world petroleum

470

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening?  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? 5/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Gasoline Prices: What is Happening? Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn't Reflect Potential Volatility Midwest Looking Like Last Year RFG Responding More Strongly Gasoline Prices Vary Among Locations.Retail Regular Gasoline Price, Cents per Gallon May 8, 2001 Crude Oil Affects Gasoline Prices WTI Crude Oil Prices Are Expected To Remain Relatively High Through At Least 2001 Low Total OECD Oil Stocks* Keep Market Balance Tight Low U.S. Stocks Indicate Tight U.S. Market Regional Inventories Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) "New Factor" Contributing to Volatility: Excess Capacity is Gone Regional Refinery Utilization Shows Gulf Coast Pressure

471

Price forecasting and optimal operation of wholesale customers in a competitive electricity market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c ? Hamidreza Zareipour 2006I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis. This is a true copy of the thesis, including any required final revisions, as accepted by my examiners. I understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. This thesis addresses two main issues: first, forecasting short-term electricity market prices; and second, the application of short-term electricity market price forecasts to operation planning of demand-side Bulk Electricity Market Customers (BEMCs). The Ontario electricity market is selected as the primary case market and its structure is studied in detail. A set of explanatory variable candidates is then selected accordingly, which may explain price behavior in this market. In the process of selecting the explanatory variable candidates, some important issues, such as direct or indirect effects of the variables on price behavior, availability of the variables before real-time, choice of appropriate forecasting horizon and market time-line, are taken into account. Price and demand in three neighboring electricity markets, namely, the New York, New England, and PJM electricity markets, are also considered among the explanatory variable candidates.

Hamidreza Zareipour

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Oil market in international and Norwegian perspectives.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Crude oil is the most important energy source in global perspective. About 35 percent of the world’s primary energy consumption is supplied by oil, followed… (more)

Singsaas, Julia Nazyrova

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Cost, Conflict and Climate: U.S. Challenges in the World Oil Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

high oil prices and large import quantities contribute toOil is also produced in the U.S. In 2007, the quantity was

Borenstein, Severin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

A SURVEY OF COMMODITY MARKETS AND STRUCTURAL MODELS FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the methods which have been proposed to handle them in spot and forward price models. We devote special sources, the main production process remains the conversion of fossil fuels like coal, gas and oil. Since and nuclear production as these plants are hardly ever setting the price. In other words, since electricity

Carmona, Rene

475

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels June 11, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of Agriculture Edward T. Schafer sent a letter on June 11, 2008 to Senator Jeff Bingaman addressing a number of questions related to biofuels, food, and gasoline and diesel prices. Read the letter. Without Biofuels, Gas Prices Would Increase $.20 to $.35 per Gallon. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that gasoline prices would be between 20 cents to 35 cents per gallon higher without ethanol1, a first-generation biofuel. For a typical household, that means saving about $150 to $300 per year. For the U.S. overall, this saves gas expenditures of $28 billion to

476

Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels Fact Sheet: Gas Prices and Oil Consumption Would Increase Without Biofuels June 11, 2008 - 1:30pm Addthis Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Secretary of Agriculture Edward T. Schafer sent a letter on June 11, 2008 to Senator Jeff Bingaman addressing a number of questions related to biofuels, food, and gasoline and diesel prices. Read the letter. Without Biofuels, Gas Prices Would Increase $.20 to $.35 per Gallon. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) estimates that gasoline prices would be between 20 cents to 35 cents per gallon higher without ethanol1, a first-generation biofuel. For a typical household, that means saving about $150 to $300 per year. For the U.S. overall, this saves gas expenditures of $28 billion to

477

World Oil Prices and Production Trends in AEO2009 (released in AEO2009)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The oil prices reported in AEO2009 represent the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil in 2007 dollars [50]. Projections of future supply and demand are made for liquids, a term used to refer to those liquids that after processing and refining can be used interchangeably with petroleum products. In AEO2009, liquids include conventional petroleum liquidssuch as conventional crude oil and natural gas plant liquidsin addition to unconventional liquids, such as biofuels, bitumen, coal-to-liquids (CTL), gas-to-liquids (GTL), extra-heavy oils, and shale oil.

Information Center

2009-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

478

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. Speaker(s): Nancy Wallace Date: June 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Paul Mathew The talk will cover the results from an empirical paper that analyzes the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing structures and the transaction prices of office buildings in the {U.S.} We employ a large sample of 15,133 office building transactions that occurred between 2001 and 2010. In addition to building characteristics, we also include information on the operating expenses, the net operating income, and the market capitalization rates at sale to estimate an asset pricing model for commercial office real estate assets. A further set of important controls

479

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Responsive Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CA, USA. Siddiqui, AS (2004), “Price-Elastic Demand inand Demand Response in Electricity Markets,” CSEM Working Paper CSEM-WP-105, University of California Energy Institute, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Natural Gas Marketer Prices and Sales To Residential and Commercial Customers: 2002-2005  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report compares residential and commercial prices collected from natural gas marketers and local distribution companies in MD, NY, OH and PA from 2002-2005 and gives the history and status of natural gas choice programs in those States.

Amy Sweeney

2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "markets oil prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard economic model of efficient competitive markets relies on the ability of sellers to charge prices that vary as their costs change. Yet, there is no restructured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP), prices that can change as frequently as wholesale costs. We analyze the impact of having some share of customers on time-invariant pricing in competitive electricity markets. Not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to outcomes (prices and investment) that are not first-best, it even fails to achieve the second-best optimum given the constraint of time-invariant pricing. We then study a number of policy interventions that have been proposed to address the perceived inadequacy of capacity investment. We show that attempts to correct the level of investment through taxes or subsidies on electricity or capacity are unlikely to succeed, because these interventions create new inefficiencies. We demonstrate that the most common proposal, a subsidy to capacity ownership financed by a tax on retail electricity, is particularly problematic. An alternative approach to improving efficiency, increasing the share of customers on RTP, has some surprising effects. We show that such a change lowers the equilibrium price to flat rate customers

Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holland

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Central Appalachian (CAPP) coal spot prices affect markets for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

View All Tags › View Tag Cloud › ... The FOB price is quoted at the rail or barge point of origin. ... and influence other risk management mechanisms.

483

Essays on pricing electricity and electricity derivatives in deregulated markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation is composed of four essays on the behavior of wholesale electricity prices and their derivatives. The first essay provides an empirical model that… (more)

Popova, Julia.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

The Social Costs to the U.S. of Monopolization of the World Oil Market, 1972-1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The partial monopolization of the world oil market by the OPEC cartel has produced significant economic costs to the economies of the world. This paper reports estimates of the costs of monopolization of oil to the U.S. over the period 1972-1991. Two fundamental assumptions of the analysis are, (1) that OPEC has acted as a monopoly, albeit with limited control, knowledge, and ability to act and, (2) that the U.S. and other consuming nations could, through collective (social) action affect the cartel's ability to act as a monopoly. We measure total costs by comparing actual costs for the 1972-1991 period to a hypothetical ''more competitive'' world oil market scenario. By measuring past costs we avoid the enormous uncertainties about the future course of the world oil market and leave to the reader's judgment the issue of how much the future will be like the past. We note that total cost numbers cannot be used to determine the value of reducing U.S. oil use by one barrel. They are useful for describing the overall size of the petroleum problem and are one important factor in deciding how much effort should be devoted to solving it. Monopoly pricing of oil transfers wealth from US. oil consumers to foreign oil producers and, by increasing the economic scarcity of oil, reduces the economy's potential to produce. The actions of the OPEC Cartel have also produced oil price shocks, both upward and downward, that generate additional costs because of the economy's inherent inability to adjust quickly to a large change in energy prices. Estimated total costs to the United States from these three sources for the 1972-1991 period are put at $4.1 trillion in 1990$ ($1.2 T wealth transfer, $0.8 T macroeconomic adjustment costs, $2.1 T potential GNP losses). The cost of the US's primary oil supply contingency program is small ($10 B) by comparison.

Greene, D.L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Bakken crude oil price differential to WTI narrows over ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. ...

486

Buying Beauty: On Prices and Returns in the Art Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the price determinants and investment performance of art. We apply a hedonic regression analysis to a new data set of more than one million auction transactions of paintings and works on paper. Based on the resulting price index, ... Keywords: art, auctions, hedonic regressions, investments, repeat-sales regressions, sentiment

Luc Renneboog; Christophe Spaenjers

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

EIA Report 9/26/08 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Market Impacts. Prices. NYMEX Futures Prices (for October delivery) 9/26/2008: Pre-Gustav 8/29/2008: change ...

488

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing structures and the transaction prices of office buildings in the U.S. We employ a large sample of 15,133 office building transactions that occurred between 2001 and 2010. In addition to building characteristics, we also include information on the operating expenses, the net operating income, and the market capitalization rates at sale to estimate an asset pricing model for commercial office real estate assets. A further set of important controls in our analysis is the one-to-twelve month forward contract prices and the shape of the forward contract price curve, using auction data for the regional electricity trading hubs in which the building is located and auction data from the Henry Hub for natural gas. We also include weather metrics in the form of the variance in the last twelve months of minimum and maximum temperature and precipitation for each building’s location and sale date. Our final set of controls includes information on the dominant contractual leasing structure of the buildings. Our empirical results suggest that Energy Star labels do not explain additional variance in property prices once the key asset pricing factors of expenses, income and market capitalization rates are included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of the energy forward price curves, and weather metrics are consistently shown to be statistically significant determinants of office building transaction prices, suggesting that commercial office building prices are likely to be exposed to shocks in these markets.

Dwight Jaffee; Richard Stanton; Nancy Wallace

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Oil futures price curve has steepened over the past six months ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... the future can be used as an indicator of longer term supply and demand expectations. Costs to store oil, opportunity costs associated with long-term market ...

490

Natural Gas Citygate Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Citygate Price Residential Price Commercial Price Industrial Price Electric Power Price Gross Withdrawals Gross Withdrawals From Gas Wells Gross Withdrawals From Oil Wells Gross...

491

The Impact of Varying Natural Gas Prices on the Potential Distributed Resources Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of the potential market for distributed resources (DR) have typically assumed that long-term gas rates will increase in a gradual and uniform fashion; however, natural gas rates can peak at very high rates as they did in late 2000 and early 2001. This project studied the response of the DR market to changes in future gas prices in a range of plausible scenarios. It suggests that relatively high natural gas prices and non-uniform annual price fluctuations may strongly affect the size and character...

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

492

Light-Heavy Crude & Product Price Differences  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Similar light-heavy price difference trends are seen in both the crude oil and the product markets. However, there are some short-term product market changes that ...

493

Internet Advertising: Market Structure and New Pricing Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the Internet advertising market is analyzed. Data and estimates confirm that the Web represents a real threat to television and newspapers. Therefore, the main characteristics of the advertising market are described in order to point out ...

Andrea Mangàni

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Oil futures prices in a production economy with investment constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We document a new stylized fact regarding the term structure of futures volatility. We show that the relationship between the volatility of futures prices and the slope of the term structure of prices is non-monotone and ...

Kogan, Leonid

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Efficient Retail Pricing in Electricity and Natural Gas Markets: A Familiar Problem with New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long line of research investigates whether the retail prices of electricity and natural gas send proper signals about scarcity in order to induce efficient consumption. Historically, regulated utilities have not designed tariffs that set marginal prices equal to marginal costs. Currently, some jurisdictions are opening the retail sectors of the gas and electricity industry to competition via “retail choice”. These new regimes replace imperfect regulation with imperfect competition as the process by which retail tariffs are formed. We discuss the challenges in evaluating the efficiency of these new pricing regimes and present descriptive evidence of how pricing has changed in markets with retail choice.

Steven L. Puller; Jeremy West

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Coal market fundamentals changed, yet spot prices remained stable ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. ... Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Weekly Coal Production, ...

497

Credit Market Distortions, Asset Prices and Monetary Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisions. In our framework, ?rms are committed to pay 3the wage bill before production takes place and pro?ts are realized. Although ?rms could alternatively issue new equity, this possibility is a priori excluded. In fact, due to adverse selection... prices is always bene?cial, from a welfare point of view, 4when the central bank considers a term re?ecting stock price volatility in the loss function. Our results point out that responding to asset prices misalignments might be bene?cial when strong...

Pfajfar, D; Santoro, E

498

2011 Brief: Energy commodity price trends varied widely during ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This article is the first in a series of briefs on energy market trends in 2011. Crude oil and petroleum products led energy commodity price increases during 2011, ...

499

Forecasting next-day price of electricity in the Spanish energy market using artificial neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, next-day hourly forecasts are calculated for the energy price in the electricity production market of Spain. The methodology used to achieve these forecasts is based on artificial neural networks, which have been used successfully in recent ... Keywords: ART network, Backpropagation network, Box-Jenkins, Electricity market, Neural networks, Time series forecasting

Raúl Pino; José Parreno; Alberto Gomez; Paolo Priore

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

AEO2011: Lower 48 Crude Oil Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Crude Oil Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region Crude Oil Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 132, and contains only the reference case. The data is broken down into Production, lower 48 onshore and lower 48 offshore. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO crude oil EIA prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Lower 48 Crude Oil Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region- Reference Case (xls, 54.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL)