Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Remediation program to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace May 1, 2015 Los Alamos National Laboratory is performing a high-angle canyon-side cleanup on U.S....
Grouping maintenance strategy with availability constraint under limited
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
with significant assumptions: maintenance durations are neglected and only one preventive maintenance for eachGrouping maintenance strategy with availability constraint under limited repairmen Phuc Do Van Hai maintenance strategies of multi-component systems by integrating two efficient optimization algorithms
Online Marketplace for Residential Measures
Ashe,J.; MBA; BEP
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We change the way people use energy™ Online Marketplace for Residential Measures 2014 Program Year ESL-KT-14-11-09 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Delivery Channels/Options ? Online Marketplace/ Drop... Ship Method 2© Copyright 2014 CLEAResult. All rights reserved. ESL-KT-14-11-09 CATEE 2014: Clean Air Through Efficiency Conference, Dallas, Texas Nov. 18-20 Advantages of Online Marketplace ? Target a different/convenience shopper to complement...
Constraints, limits and extensions for nuclear energy functionals
G. Colo'
2009-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
In the present contribution, we discuss the behavior of Skyrme forces when they are employed to study both neutron stars and giant resonance states in 208Pb within the fully self-consistent Random Phase Approximation (RPA). We point out that clear correlations exist between the results for the isoscalar monopole and isovector dipole resonances (ISGMR and IVGDR), and definite quantities which characterize the equation of state (EOS) of uniform matter. We propose that the RPA results or, to some extent, the mentioned EOS parameters, are used as constraints when a force is fitted. This suggestion can be valid also when the fit of a more general energy density functional is envisaged. We use our considerations to select a limited number of Skyrme forces (10) out of a large sample of 78 interactions.
Tsien, Roger Y.
Marketplace Training Marketplace offers several training opportunities below. To request a dedicated training for your department or group, or for general questions about Marketplace please contact
The floating marketplace of San Juan Bay
Carbonell, Jorge (Jorge R.), 1975-
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis seeks to establish the marketplace as a temporal and spatial event that affects a city in a meaningful way. The marketplace was the site of greatest congestion, activity and drama in many cities, often combining ...
Renewables Marketplace | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation,Maze - Making the Path for Future | OpenMarketplace
The broadcast marketplace : Designing a more efficient local marketplace for goods and services
Blackshaw, Matthew (Matthew Andrew)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Today's online marketplaces for goods and services are imperfect. Participants make an initial post expressing their intention to buy or sell an object, but all offers on this post are private. These offers can be seen as ...
New Ideas for Seeding Your Solar Marketplace Workshop Panel Presentati...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Panel Presentations New Ideas for Seeding Your Solar Marketplace Workshop Panel Presentations Download the speaker presentations from the 2014 SunShot Grand Challenge Summit and...
Integrating Mobile Agent Technology into an e-Marketplace Solution
Integrating Mobile Agent Technology into an e-Marketplace Solution - The InterMarket Marketplace. The mobile agent technology might take e-commerce trading to the next phase. Mobile agents are intelligent technology. A feasibility study, made for two existing software applications, the mobile-agent system Tracy
An exploratory study of B2B marketplaces
Minier, Denise Nicole, 1971-
2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A business-to-business (B2B) e-marketplace brings together buyers and sellers using the Internet to conduct or facilitate business transactions. They came onto the scene in the late 1990's. There are independent exchanges, ...
Energy and the deregulated marketplace 1998 survey
Fowler, R.B. [ed.] [comp.
1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this comprehensive survey of the energy and deregulated marketplace, 911 respondents indicate how deregulation will impact their business. Well organized for easy reference this published survey report provides answers on how companies will procure electricity and natural gas, and what criteria will be used in their decision process. The results presented also illustrate effect of real time pricing on the procurement of energy equipment. Readers will be able to see whether companies are delaying the purchase of energy efficiency equipment as a result of deregulation, as well as what current trends are developing in the use of energy services and performance contracting. The performance and overall cost effectiveness of various types of energy efficient equipment is also rated by respondents, and the results of existing installations is reported. Responses are broken down and can be assessed by respondent categories, including utility, energy supplier, energy user, power marketer, ESCO, equipment supplier, and consultant. This survey report offers a valuable tool for all companies whose business and marketing strategies are impacted by deregulation.
Photovoltaics: From the laboratory to the marketplace
Basso, T.S.; Surek, T.; Thornton, J.
1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Photovoltaics (PV), the direct conversion of sunlight to electricity, is experiencing significant improvements in technology performance and lowered costs. Fostering these improvements, the SERI Photovoltaic Advanced Research and Development (PV AR D) Project supports research and provides services to the US PV industry. This paper presents the recent advances and future direction of the PV project. Research areas are Fundamental and Supporting Research, Advanced Thin-Film Materials, High-Efficiency Materials, Module Development, and Systems Development. Materials of interest include amorphous silicon, copper indium diselenide, cadmium telluride, crystalline silicon, gallium arsenide and related alloys, transparent conductors, antireflection coatings, substrates, and encapsulants. The PV project inherently provides technology transfer that helps industry shorten the time to bring R D advances to the marketplace. SERI annually performs over 10,000 measurements for the entire PV community, participates in collaborative research, and welcomes visiting scientists. Two specific areas of recently increased national focus are: (1) manufacturing processes for cost-effective PV modules, and (2) systems development for high-value utility applications. The SERI research approach is based on facilitating direct contact between industry, electric utilities, and others interested in PV technology. This approach heavily relies on SERI/industry partnerships. The arrangements vary to address generic and company-specific problems to improve the US industry's competitive position and accelerate greater electric utility deployment of PV systems. 5 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.
Constraints on Short Gamma-Ray Burst Models with Optical Limits of GRB 050509b
Hjorth, Jens; Sollerman, J.; Gorosabel, J.; Granot, J.; Klose, S.; Kouveliotou, C.; Melinder, J.; Ramirez-Ruiz, E.; Starling, R.; Thomsen, B.; Andersen, M.I.; Fynbo,; Jensen, B.L.; Vreeswijk, P.M.; Castro-Ceron, J.M.; Jakobsson, P.; Levan, A.; Pedersen, K.; Rhoads, J.E.; Tanvir, N.R.; Watson, D.; /Bohr Inst. /Stockholm U. /IAA, Granada
2005-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We have obtained deep optical images with the Very Large Telescope at ESO of the first well-localized short-duration gamma-ray burst, GRB 050509b. We observed in the V and R bands at epochs starting at {approx}2 days after the GRB trigger and lasting up to three weeks. We detect no variable objects inside the small Swift/XRT X-ray error circle down to 5{sigma} limiting magnitudes of V = 26.5 and R = 25.2. The X-ray error circle includes a giant elliptical galaxy at z = 0.225, which has been proposed as the likely host of this GRB. Our limits indicate that if the GRB originated at z = 0.225, any supernova-like event accompanying the GRB would have to be over 100 times fainter than normal Type Ia SNe or Type Ic hypernovae, 5 times fainter than the faintest known Ia or Ic SNe, and fainter than the faintest known Type II SNe. Moreover, we use the optical limits to constrain the energetics of the GRB outflow, and conclude that there was very little radioactive material produced during the GRB explosion. These limits strongly constrain progenitor models for this short GRB.
Constraints on the relic neutrino abundance and implications for cosmological neutrino mass limits
Bell, Nicole F.; /Fermilab
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The authors examine a mechanism which can lead to flavor transformation of neutrino-antineutrino asymmetries in the early universe, a process which is unavoidable when the neutrino mixing angles are large. This sets the best limit on the lepton number of the universe, and hence on the relic neutrino abundance. They also consider the consequences for the relic neutrino abundance if extra neutrino interactions are allowed, e.g., the coupling of the neutrinos to a light (compared to m{sub {nu}}) boson. For a wide range of couplings not excluded by other considerations, the relic neutrinos would annihilate to bosons at late times, and thus make a negligible contribution to the matter density today. This mechanism evades the neutrino mass limits arising from large scale structure.
Energy-efficient buildings: Does the marketplace work?
Brown, M.A.
1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
For a variety of reasons, U.S. households, businesses, manufacturers, and government agencies all fail to take full advantage of cost-effective, energy-efficiency opportunities. Despite a growing environmental ethic among Americans and a concern for energy independence, consumers in this country are underinvesting in technologies, products, and practices that would cut their energy bills. The result is a large untapped potential for improving energy productivity, economic competitiveness, environmental quality, and energy security. The thesis of this paper is that the marketplace for energy efficiency, in general, is not operating perfectly, and the marketplace for energy-efficient buildings, in particular, is flawed. The reasons for underinvestments in cost-effective, energy efficiency are numerous and complicated. They also vary from sector to sector: the principal causes of energy inefficiencies in agriculture, manufacturing, and transportation are not the same as the causes of inefficiencies in homes and office buildings, although there are some similarities. One of the reasons for these differences is that the structure of marketplace for delivering new technologies and products in each sector differs. Energy-efficiency improvements in the buildings sector is critical to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, since most of the energy consumed in buildings comes from the burning of fossil fuels. This paper therefore begins by describing energy use and energy trends in the U.S. buildings sector. Characteristics of the marketplace for delivering energy efficiency technologies and products are then described in detail, arguing that this marketplace structure significantly inhibits rapid efficiency improvements.
LD Diesels in U.S. Marketplace - Technical Progress Will Lead...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
LD Diesels in U.S. Marketplace - Technical Progress Will Lead to Cost-Effective Business Cases LD Diesels in U.S. Marketplace - Technical Progress Will Lead to Cost-Effective...
Los Alamos Lab to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Los Alamos Lab to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace Los Alamos National Laboratory to perform slope-side cleanup near Smith's Marketplace The Lab is performing a...
Towards Electronic Marketplaces: A Progress Report Gilbert Babin1
Kropf, Peter
, Mexico, Canada, Switzerland), electric power markets (UK, US-East and US-West), gas -transmissionTowards Electronic Marketplaces: A Progress Report Gilbert Babin1 , Teodor G. Crainic2 , Michel Wiesenstrasse 10a CH-8952 Schlieren-Zürich Switzerland ruk@zuehlke.com Abstract Market design is becoming a very
The Art of the Start: Moving Science from the Lab to the Marketplace
Larry Bock
2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z
April 25, 2009 Berkeley Lab Nano*High lecture: The Art of the Start: Moving Science from the Lab to the Marketplace
The Art of the Start: Moving Science from the Lab to the Marketplace
Larry Bock
2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
April 25, 2009 Berkeley Lab Nano*High lecture: The Art of the Start: Moving Science from the Lab to the Marketplace
DOE Research and Development for the Geothermal Marketplace
Mock, John E.
1989-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
This audience is well aware that the major goal of all geothermal R&D is the successful application of advanced technology in the marketplace. In support of that goal, the Geothermal Technology Division has forged a close link between its research objectives and potentially competitive market applications. Our technical objectives are all expressed in quantified reductions in the cost of geothermal power; these cost reductions are the force that will drive the geothermal industry for the foreseeable future. I agree with the recent statement of Stephen Fye of Unocal that without a legislated incentive for geothermal or disincentive for competing fuels-such as mandated carbon dioxide reductions--any premium the public is willing to pay for the use of this premium fuel will be too small to greatly impact geothermal economics. His conclusion is that the geothermal industry must be fully competitive in the marketplace at current prices. His further conclusion--with which I fully concur--is that the avenue to competitiveness is through research, by both industry and government.
Guzowski, Pawel; Evans, Justin; Karagiorgi, Georgia; McCabe, Nathan; Soldner-Rembold, Stefan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a framework to combine data from the latest neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments for multiple isotopes and derive a limit on the effective neutrino mass using the experimental energy distributions. The combined limits on the effective mass range between 130-310 meV, where the spread is due to different model calculations of nuclear matrix elements (NMEs). The statistical consistency (p values) between this result and the signal observation claimed by the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment is derived. The limits on the effective mass are also evaluated in a (3+1) sterile neutrino model, assuming all neutrinos are Majorana particles.
A marketplace game with neither distribution costs nor distribution-capacity constraints
Squicciarini, Anna Cinzia
). We model aggregate consumer demand to be linear in response to clearing price1, D() = Dmax(1-/max location based prices, for all consumers (demand aggregators or individual loads). Unlike [5], the retailer), and · consumers (electricity demand aggregators or individual loads). Consistent with an ISO, we assume
van der Aalst, Wil
As the BPM marketplace continues its rapid evolution, there is an increasing array of technology) the increasing diversity of offerings that fall under the BPM technology umbrella, and (2) the complexity. As illustrated in Figure 1, the potential range of tech- nologies on which a BPM solution might be based
Insurable Storage Services: Creating a Marketplace for Long-Term Document Archival
Simha, Rahul
Insurable Storage Services: Creating a Marketplace for Long-Term Document Archival K. Gopinath1 Washington, DC 20052, USA simha@gwu.edu Abstract Digital storage is a key element not only of computing-capacity storage. At the same time, the storage needs of users have now become more sophisticated and diverse. Some
Sciences: Launching New Technology in the MarketplaceNEED IMPACT STATEMENT
Ginzel, Matthew
Sciences: Launching New Technology in the MarketplaceNEED IMPACT STATEMENT INITIATIVE Over the last and new machine tool builders. To date, M4 Sciences has sold drilling systems in 12 major market countries two decades, the Purdue Center for Materials Processing and Technology (CMPT) (originally part
eMarketplace Model: An Architecture for Collaborative Supply Chain Management and Integration
Huhns, Michael N.
1 eMarketplace Model: An Architecture for Collaborative Supply Chain Management and Integration.shen@nrc.gc.ca Abstract. The current economic climate forces businesses to collaborate more frequently and build efficient management and integration platform. It supports coordination mecha- nisms and integration at the business
Rogers, Leslie A.
The requirement that a planet must orbit outside of its Roche limit gives a lower limit on the planet's mean density. The minimum density depends almost entirely on the orbital period and is immune to systematic errors in ...
Gorsky, John Paul
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
One of the most challenging problems for high technology firms in an increasingly global marketplace is the effective utilization of intermediated sales channels. As product development cycles shorten, there can be a ...
Impact of New Federal Efficiency Performance Standards on the Industrial Motor Marketplace
Elliott, R. N.
Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 12-15, 2009 percent increase over the previous two years. Rising electric rates, growing concerns about global warming, changes in the motor marketplace, and a new political environment in Washington create... of industry. This class of motors also accounts for a significant portion of the motor electricity consumption in the commercial sector (Nadel et al. 2002). Because of the large share of electricity consumption accounted for by this class of product...
Phase Space Constraints on Neutrino Luminosities
C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun; Samartha C A
2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
While the importance of phase space constraints for gravitational clustering of neutrinos (which are fermions) is well recognized, the explicit use of such constraints to limit neutrino emission from ultra energetic sources has not been stressed. Special and general relativistic phase space constraints are shown to limit neutrino luminosities in compact sources in various situations.
Psaltis, Dimitrios [Departments of Physics and Astronomy, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85721 (United States)
2007-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
In braneworld gravity models with a finite anti-de Sitter space (AdS) curvature in the extra dimension, the AdS/conformal field theory correspondence leads to a prediction for the lifetime of astrophysical black holes that is significantly smaller than the Hubble time, for asymptotic curvatures that are consistent with current experiments. Using the recent measurements of the position, three-dimensional spatial velocity, and mass of the black hole XTE J1118+480, I calculate a lower limit on its kinematic age of {>=}11 Myr (95% confidence). This translates into an upper limit for the asymptotic AdS curvature in the extra dimensions of <0.08 mm, which significantly improves the limit obtained by table top experiments of sub mm gravity.
Constraint Satisfaction Problems A Quick Overview
Brewka, Gerhard
solvable in polynomial time by linear programming #12;8 Varieties of constraints Unary constraints involve Ci limits the values that variables can take, e.g., V1 V2 A state is an assignment of values to some or all variables. Consistent assignment: assignment does not violate the constraints. #12
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over Our Instagram Secretary Moniz9MorganYou are here HomeSmartPrinceton Plasma
IANNUCCI, JOE; EYER, JIM; BUTLER, PAUL C.
2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes the second phase of a project entitled ''Innovative Business Cases for Energy Storage in a Restructured Electricity Marketplace''. During part one of the effort, nine ''Stretch Scenarios'' were identified. They represented innovative and potentially significant uses of electric energy storage. Based on their potential to significantly impact the overall energy marketplace, the five most compelling scenarios were identified. From these scenarios, five specific ''Storage Market Opportunities'' (SMOs) were chosen for an in-depth evaluation in this phase. The authors conclude that some combination of the Power Cost Volatility and the T&D Benefits SMOs would be the most compelling for further investigation. Specifically, a combination of benefits (energy, capacity, power quality and reliability enhancement) achievable using energy storage systems for high value T&D applications, in regions with high power cost volatility, makes storage very competitive for about 24 GW and 120 GWh during the years of 2001 and 2010.
Mechanical constraints enhance electrical energy densities of soft dielectrics
Ferrari, Silvia
Mechanical constraints enhance electrical energy densities of soft dielectrics Lin Zhang, Qiming, the dielectric will breakdown electrically. The breakdown limits the electrical energy density of the dielectric electric fields and thus increase their electrical energy densities. The mechanical constraints suppress
Not Available
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Each year the Geothermal Technology Division of the US Department of Energy conducts an indepth review of its entire geothermal R and D program. The 2--3 day conference serves several purposes: a status report on current R and D activities, an assessment of progress and problems, a review of management issues, and a technology transfer opportunity between DOE and the US geothermal industry. This year's conference, Program Review 7, was held in San Francisco on March 21--23, 1989. As indicated by its title, ''DOE Research and Development for the Geothermal Marketplace'', Program Review 7 emphasized developing technologies, concepts, and innovations having potential for commercial application in the foreseeable future. Program Review 7 was comprised of eight sessions including an opening session and a special presentation on the ''Role of Geothermal Energy in Minimizing Global Environmental Problems.'' The five technical sessions covered GTD-sponsored R and D in the areas of hydrothermal (two sessions), hot dry rock, geopressured, and magma. Presentations were made by the relevant field researchers, and sessions were chaired by the appropriate DOE Operations Office Geothermal Program Manager. The technical papers and commentary of invited speakers contained in these Proceedings have been compiled in the order in which they were presented at Program Review 7.
Wies, Thomas
2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce field constraint analysis, a new technique for verifying data structure invariants. A field constraint for a field is a formula specifying a set of objects to which the field can point. Field constraints ...
Unitarity constraints on trimaximal mixing
Kumar, Sanjeev [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi -110005 (India)
2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
When the neutrino mass eigenstate {nu}{sub 2} is trimaximally mixed, the mixing matrix is called trimaximal. The middle column of the trimaximal mixing matrix is identical to tribimaximal mixing and the other two columns are subject to unitarity constraints. This corresponds to a mixing matrix with four independent parameters in the most general case. Apart from the two Majorana phases, the mixing matrix has only one free parameter in the CP conserving limit. Trimaximality results in interesting interplay between mixing angles and CP violation. A notion of maximal CP violation naturally emerges here: CP violation is maximal for maximal 2-3 mixing. Similarly, there is a natural constraint on the deviation from maximal 2-3 mixing which takes its maximal value in the CP conserving limit.
Nareyek, A; Freuder, E C; Fourer, R; Giunchiglia, R P; Kautz, H; Rintanen, J; Tate, Austin
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Tackling real-world problems often requires to take various types of constraints into account. Such constraint types range from simple numerical comparators to complex resources. This article describes how planning techniques ...
Axion constraints in nonstandard thermal histories
Grin, Daniel; Smith, Tristan L.; Kamionkowski, Marc [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)
2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
It is usually assumed that dark matter is produced during the radiation-dominated era. There is, however, no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis. Two nonstandard thermal histories are considered. In one, the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins as late as {approx}1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Thermal axion relic abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are loosened. For reheating temperatures T{sub rh} < or approx. 35 MeV, the large-scale structure limit to the axion mass is lifted. The remaining constraint from the total density of matter is significantly relaxed. Constraints are also relaxed for higher reheating temperatures. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to cosmological axion constraints is obtained. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating from the helium abundance and next-generation large-scale-structure surveys are discussed.
Edinburgh Research Explorer Statistical Constraints
Millar, Andrew J.
Edinburgh Research Explorer Statistical Constraints Citation for published version: Rossi, R that links statistics and constraint programming. We dis- cuss two novel statistical constraints and some, Prestwich, S & Tarim, SA 2014, 'Statistical Constraints' Paper presented at 21st biennial European
A Note on the Asymptotic Limit of the Four Simplex
Suresh K Maran
2005-11-05T23:59:59.000Z
Recently the asymptotic limit of the Barrett-Crane models has been studied by Barrett and Steele. Here by a direct study, I show that we can extract the bivectors which satisfy the essential Barrett-Crane constraints from the asymptotic limit. Because of this the Schlaffi identity is implied by the asymptotic limit, rather than to be imposed as a constraint.
Closed Crawl Space Performance: Proof of Concept in the Production Builder Marketplace
Malkin-Weber, Melissa; Dastur, Cyrus; Mauceri, Maria; Hannas, Benjamin
2008-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
This overview is intended to be a very concise, limited summary of the key project activities discussed in the detailed report that follows. Due to the large scope of this project, the detailed report is broken into three individually titled sections. Each section repeats key background information, with the goal that the sections will eventually stand alone as complete reports on the major activities of the project. The information presented herein comes from ongoing research, so please note that all observations, findings and recommendations presented are preliminary and subject to change in the future. We invite and welcome your comments and suggestions for improving the project. Advanced Energy completed its first jointly-funded crawl space research project with the Department of Energy in 2005. That project, funded under award number DE-FC26-00NT40995 and titled 'A Field Study Comparison of the Energy and Moisture Performance Characteristics of Ventilated Versus Sealed Crawl Spaces in the South' demonstrated the substantial energy efficiency and moisture management benefits that result from using properly closed crawl space foundations for residential construction instead of traditional wall vented crawl space foundations. Two activities of this first project included (1) an assessment of ten existing homes to document commonly observed energy and moisture failures associated with wall-vented crawl space foundations and (2) a detailed literature review that documented both the history of closed crawl space research and the historical lack of scientific justification for building code requirements for crawl space ventilation. The most valuable activity of the 2005 project proved to be the field demonstration of various closed crawl space techniques, which were implemented in a set of twelve small (1040 square feet), simply designed homes in eastern North Carolina. These homes had matched envelope, mechanical and architectural designs, and comparable performance characteristics with regard to infiltration and duct leakage. Researchers settled on two closed crawl space designs, one with insulation located in the framed floor structure above the crawl space and one with insulation on the crawl space perimeter wall, as the designs with the most widespread potential for application. Researchers based this assessment not only on the field performance, but also on input from residential builders, pest control professionals, code officials, installers, and building scientists active in the region. The key findings from the field demonstration were that (1) closed crawl spaces stay substantially drier than traditional wall-vented crawl spaces during humid climate conditions, and (2) the houses built on the closed crawl space foundations saved, on average, 15% or more on annual energy used for space heating and cooling. A comparison of the actual energy performance of the homes versus the performance predicted by a popular HERS software application showed that the software was unable to predict the demonstrated savings, in some cases predicting an energy penalty. Findings from the 2005 project were summarized in a publication titled Closed Crawl Spaces: An Introduction to Design, Construction and Performance. Since its release, the publication has received widespread use by builders, homeowners, installers and code officials concerned about crawl space construction. The findings were also used to create major revisions to the NC Residential Code, which were adopted in 2004 and immediately began to reduce the regulatory barriers to widespread commercialization of the technology in NC, particularly in new residential construction. Full project details are located at www.crawlspaces.org.
Innovative Feed-In Tariff Designs that Limit Policy Costs
Kreycik, C.; Couture, T. D.; Cory, K. S.
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Feed-in tariffs (FITs) are the most prevalent renewable energy policy used globally to date, and there are many benefits to the certainty offered in the marketplace to reduce development risks and associated financing costs and to grow the renewable energy industry. However, concerns over escalating costs in jurisdictions with FIT policies have led to increased attention on cost control in renewable energy policy design. In recent years, policy mechanisms for containing FIT costs have become more refined, allowing policymakers to exert greater control on policy outcomes and on the resulting costs to ratepayers. As policymakers and regulators in the United States begin to explore the use of FITs, careful consideration must be given to the ways in which policy design can be used to balance the policies' advantages while bounding its costs. This report explores mechanisms that policymakers have implemented to limit FIT policy costs. If designed clearly and transparently, such mechanisms can align policymaker and market expectations for project deployment. Three different policy tools are evaluated: (1) caps, (2) payment level adjustment mechanisms, and (3) auction-based designs. The report employs case studies to explore the strengths and weaknesses of these three cost containment tools. These tools are then evaluated with a set of criteria including predictability for policymakers and the marketplace and the potential for unintended consequences.
Hall, Jean P.
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
and register to receive email alerts. Commonwealth Fund pub. 1792 Vol. 31 Why a National High-Risk Insurance Pool Is Not a Workable Alternative to the Marketplace Jean P. Hall Abstract The Pre-Existing Condition Insurance Plan (PCIP) was a national high-risk... to outline why national high-risk pools, which continue to be proposed as policy alternatives to ACA coverage expan- sions, are expensive to enrollees as well as their administrators and ultimately unsustainable. The key lesson—and the principle on which...
Representing Trees with Constraints
Curry, Benjamin; Wiggins, Geraint; Hayes, Gillian
This paper presents a method for representing trees using constraint logic programming over finite domains. We describe a class of trees that is of particular interest to us and how we can represent the set of trees belonging to that class using...
Acton, Scott
options. You may be able to get coverage now through existing programs. Visit HealthCare.gov to learn more, and coinsurance. You'll want to consider these details while you're exploring your options. Visit HealthCare will offer essential health benefits, including doctor visits, preventive care, hospitalization
Linearized Constraints in the Connection Representation: Hamilton-Jacobi Solution
J. N. Goldberg; D. C. Robinson
1994-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
Newman and Rovelli have used singular Hamilton-Jacobi transformations to reduce the phase space of general relativity in terms of the Ashtekar variables. Their solution of the gauge constraint cannot be inverted and indeed has no Minkowski space limit. Nonetheless, we exhibit an explicit Hamilton-Jacobi solution of all the linearized constraints. The result does not encourage an iterative solution, but it does indicate the origin of the singularity of the Newman-Rovelli result.
Constraints on new interactions from neutron scattering experiments
Yu. N. Pokotilovski
2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
Constraints for the constants of hypothetical Yukawa-type corrections to the Newtonian gravitational potential are obtained from analysis of neutron scattering experiments. Restrictions are obtained for the interaction range between 10^{-12} and 10^{-7} cm, where Casimir force experiments and atomic force microscopy are not sensitive. Experimental limits are obtained also for non-electromagnetic inverse power law neutron-nucleus potential. Some possibilities are discussed to strengthen these constraints.
Axion Constraints in Non-standard Thermal Histories
Grin, Daniel; Smith, Tristan; Kamionkowski, Marc [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
2009-09-08T23:59:59.000Z
There is no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis, and so it is useful to consider how constraints to thermally-produced axions change in non-standard thermal histories. In the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins as late as {approx}1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Axion abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are significantly loosened. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to axion constraints occurs. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating are discussed.
Thermal axion constraints in non-standard thermal histories
Grin, Daniel; Smith, Tristan; Kamionkowski, Marc [California Institute of Technology, Mail Code 130-33, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)
2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
There is no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis, and so it is useful to consider how constraints to thermally-produced axions change in non-standard thermal histories. In the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins as late as {approx}1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Axion abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are significantly loosened. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to axion constraints occurs. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating are discussed.
Thermal axion constraints in non-standard thermal histories
Daniel Grin; Tristan Smith; Marc Kamionkowski
2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
There is no direct evidence for radiation domination prior to big-bang nucleosynthesis, and so it is useful to consider how constraints to thermally-produced axions change in non-standard thermal histories. In the low-temperature-reheating scenario, radiation domination begins at temperatures as low as 1 MeV, and is preceded by significant entropy generation. Axion abundances are then suppressed, and cosmological limits to axions are significantly loosened. In a kination scenario, a more modest change to axion constraints occurs. Future possible constraints to axions and low-temperature reheating are discussed.
Acton, Scott
Marketplace at HealthCare.gov. Health coverage starts as early as January 1, 2014, and open enrollment ends other sources in 2014. If you don't have coverage, you may have to pay a fee. When you visit HealthCare of HealthCare.gov to apply, compare your options, and enroll in coverage. If you run a small business, you
Protection and Affordable Care Act, also known as the health care reform law, go into effect January 1, 2014 by the health care reform law (i.e., the plan's share of the total allowed benefit costs covered by the planNew Health Insurance Marketplace Coverage Options and Your Health Coverage Key parts of the Patient
Spacetime constraints on accreting black holes
Garofalo, David [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena California 91109 (United States)
2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the spin dependence of accretion onto rotating Kerr black holes using analytic techniques. In its linear regime, angular momentum transport in MHD turbulent accretion flow involves the generation of radial magnetic field connecting plasma in a differentially rotating flow. We take a first principles approach, highlighting the constraint that limits the generation and amplification of radial magnetic fields, stemming from the transfer of energy from mechanical to magnetic form. Because the energy transferred in magnetic form is ultimately constrained by gravitational potential energy or Killing energy, the spin dependence of the latter allows us to derive spin-dependent constraints on the success of the accreting plasma to expel its angular momentum. We find an inverse relationship between this ability and black hole spin. If this radial magnetic field generation forms the basis for angular momentum transfer in accretion flows, accretion rates involving Kerr black holes are expected to be lower as the black hole spin increases in the prograde sense.
Determining physical constraints in transcriptional initiationcomplexes using DNA sequence analysis
Shultzaberger, Ryan K.; Chiang, Derek Y.; Moses, Alan M.; Eisen,Michael B.
2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Eukaryotic gene expression is often under the control ofcooperatively acting transcription factors whose binding is limited bystructural constraints. By determining these structural constraints, wecan understand the "rules" that define functional cooperativity.Conversely, by understanding the rules of binding, we can inferstructural characteristics. We have developed an information theory basedmethod for approximating the physical limitations of cooperativeinteractions by comparing sequence analysis to microarray expressiondata. When applied to the coordinated binding of the sulfur amino acidregulatory protein Met4 by Cbf1 and Met31, we were able to create acombinatorial model that can correctly identify Met4 regulatedgenes.
Supertree Construction with Constraint Programming
Gent, I.P.; Prosser, P.
Gent,I.P. Prosser,P. Smith,B.M. Wei,W. Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming pp 837-841 Springer
Title 10 USC 2684a Agreements to Limit Encroachments and Other...
Limit Encroachments and Other Constraints on Military Training, Testing, and Operations Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document-...
Multireference nodal GPT approach to rodded constraints in reload optimization
Maldonado, G.I.; Engrand, P.R.; Beguinet, C.
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
During a reload cycle design, a number of constraints must be considered to ensure that the resulting loading pattern satisfies all operational and safety limits. A pressurized water reactor (PWR) in-core nuclear fuel management optimization tool, such as the FORMOSA-P code, must therefore impose these constraints. Examples of typical constraints that must be satisfied by loading pattern candidates in a FORMOSA-P optimization include limits on power peaking, moderator temperature coefficient, region or local discharge burnup, and cycle length. Equally important, and recently implemented into a prototype version of FORMOSA-P at Electricite de France (EdF-Clamart), is the capability of imposing {open_quotes}rodded constraints.{close_quotes} In essence, along with all other requirements, a given loading pattern candidate must satisfy specific design criteria under the influence of selected control rod configurations. In France, where the load-follow operational mode of PWR plants is prevalent (due to France`s dominant fraction of nuclear-power-generated electricity), a core reload must typically satisfy power peaking design limits under seven different rod configurations, in addition to the all-rods-out (ARO) condition. This study describes the evaluation approach taken to address rodded constraints.
Integer Constraints to Stop Deforestation
Seidl, Helmut
Integer Constraints to Stop Deforestation Helmut Seidl FB IV -- Informatik University Trier D--54286 Trier seidl@ti.uniÂtrier.de Abstract. Deforestation is a transformation of functional programs it with additional constraint systems. We examplify our idea with a problem related to deforestation. In 1988, Phil
A Theoretical Framework for Constraint Hierarchy Solvers
Bartak, Roman
describe a scale of constraint hierarchy solvers from the refining method to the local propagation methods methods. Formally, a constraint hierarchy is a set of labelled constraints. The hierarchy can. A solution to the constraint hierarchy is a valuation of variables in the constraints
Upper limit on branching ratio the decay B. Bassalleck,
National Laboratory (BNL). The decay forbidden angular momentum conservation neutrinos purely massless left## # cosmological constraints neutrino masses imply more stringent limits. branching 0 ## case massive Majorana Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New 11973, USA TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia
Thermal and digestive constraints to foraging behaviour in marine mammals
Thermal and digestive constraints to foraging behaviour in marine mammals David A. S. Rosen1 digestive limitations to food intake and thermoregulation. The ability of an animal to consume sufficient by maximum digestion capacity and the time devoted to digestion). Failure to consume sufficient prey
Overcoming efficiency constraints on blind quantum computation
Carlos A. Pérez-Delgado; Joseph F. Fitzsimons
2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z
Blind quantum computation allows a user to delegate a computation to an untrusted server while keeping the computation hidden. A number of recent works have sought to establish bounds on the communication requirements necessary to implement blind computation, and a bound based on the no-programming theorem of Nielsen and Chuang has emerged as a natural limiting factor. Here we show that this constraints only hold in limited scenarios and show how to overcome it using a method based on iterated gate-teleportations. We present our results as a family of protocols, with varying degrees of computational-ability requirements on the client. Certain protocols in this family exponentially outperform previously known schemes in terms of total communication. The approach presented here can be adapted to other distributed computing protocols to reduce communication requirements.
Inequality design limits in optimal aerodynamic shapes
Seaman, Charles Knight
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would like to thank Mr. Stan Lowy for his assistance. ABSTRACT The investigation is concerned with ways of including design con- straints in the problem of optimum aerodynamic shapes. Inequality constraints are examined in the report as one... means of describing design limits in the optimization problem. The use of inequality con- straints to consider design limits in a variational solution is illustrated with an example problem. In the example problem, the admissable profiles for a...
Constraint Application with Higher-Order Programming
Miranda, Eduardo Reck
the following components, which are essential for solving musical constraint satisfaction problems (CSP constraints to variables in the music representation. A CSP usually presents a combinatorial problem
Inversion of tracer test data using tomographic constraints Niklas Linde,1,2
Hubbard, Susan
Inversion of tracer test data using tomographic constraints Niklas Linde,1,2 Stefan Finsterle,3 be limited to field sites where this condition is partially or fully satisfied. Citation: Linde, N., S
On Resource Allocation for Communication Systems with Delay and Secrecy Constraints
Balasubramanian, Anantharaman
2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation studies fundamental limits of modern digital communication systems in presence/absence of delay and secrecy constraints. In the first part of this dissertation, we consider a typical time-division wireless communication system...
Angular constraint on light-trapping absorption enhancement in solar cells
Yu, Zongfu
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Light trapping for solar cells can reduce production cost and improve energy conversion efficiency. Understanding some of the basic theoretical constraints on light trapping is therefore of fundamental importance. Here, we develop a general angular constraint on the absorption enhancement in light trapping. We show that there is an upper limit for the angular integration of absorption enhancement factors. This limit is determined by the number of accessible resonances supported by an absorber.
The acquisition of inductive constraints
Kemp, Charles, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Human learners routinely make inductive inferences, or inferences that go beyond the data they have observed. Inferences like these must be supported by constraints, some of which are innate, although others are almost ...
NONE
1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Department of Energy and Florida International University (FIU), a state university, cosponsored the X-Change 1997: The Global D and D Marketplace conference (X-Change Conference) that was held December 1--5, 1997, in Miami, Florida. The purpose of the conference was to disseminate information on decontamination and decommissioning problems, solutions, and technologies to an international audience of government, industry, and academia. Through a contract with the Department, FIU was responsible for conference planning, organization, and logistical support. FIU awarded a subcontract to ICF, Inc. to work on the conference. ICF, Inc. is a major Department contractor with responsibilities for projects at Hanford, Argonne National laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory. The audit objectives were to determine whether FIU had controls in place to ensure that public funds were used appropriately, and whether fiscal practices associated with the conference were consistent with Government requirements and Department policy. FIU implemented accounting and budget mechanisms to identify and control the sources and uses of funds. However, the absence of a Departmental policy on funding conferences resulted in questionable fiscal practices associated with the conference. These are discussed.
Dilepton constraints in the Inert Doublet Model from Run 1 of the LHC
Belanger, G; Goudelis, A; Herrmann, B; Kraml, S; Sengupta, D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Searches in final states with two leptons plus missing transverse energy, targeting supersymmetric particles or invisible decays of the Higgs boson, were performed during Run 1 of the LHC. Recasting the results of these analyses in the context of the Inert Doublet Model (IDM) using MadAnalysis 5, we show that they provide constraints on inert scalars that significantly extend previous limits from LEP. Moreover, these LHC constraints allow to test the IDM in the limit of very small Higgs-inert scalar coupling, where the constraints from direct detection of dark matter and the invisible Higgs width vanish.
"Constraint consistency" at all orders in Cosmological perturbation theory
Nandi, Debottam
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the equivalence of two - order-by-order Einstein's equation and Reduced action - approaches to cosmological perturbation theory at all orders for different models of inflation. We point out a crucial consistency check which we refer to as "Constraint consistency" that needs to be satisfied. We propose a quick and efficient method to check the consistency for any model including modified gravity models. Our analysis points out an important feature which is crucial for inflationary model building i.e., all `constraint' inconsistent models have higher order Ostrogradsky's instabilities but the reverse is not true. In other words, one can have models with constraint lapse function and shift vector, though it may have Ostrogradsky's instabilities. We also obtain the single variable equation for non-canonical scalar field in the limit of power-law inflation for the second-order perturbed variables.
"Constraint consistency" at all orders in Cosmological perturbation theory
Debottam Nandi; S. Shankaranarayanan
2015-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
We study the equivalence of two - order-by-order Einstein's equation and Reduced action - approaches to cosmological perturbation theory at all orders for different models of inflation. We point out a crucial consistency check which we refer to as "Constraint consistency" that needs to be satisfied. We propose a quick and efficient method to check the consistency for any model including modified gravity models. Our analysis points out an important feature which is crucial for inflationary model building i.e., all `constraint' inconsistent models have higher order Ostrogradsky's instabilities but the reverse is not true. In other words, one can have models with constraint lapse function and shift vector, though it may have Ostrogradsky's instabilities. We also obtain the single variable equation for non-canonical scalar field in the limit of power-law inflation for the second-order perturbed variables.
Searching for quantum optimal controls under severe constraints
Gregory Riviello; Katharine Moore Tibbetts; Constantin Brif; Ruixing Long; Re-Bing Wu; Tak-San Ho; Herschel Rabitz
2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z
The success of quantum optimal control for both experimental and theoretical objectives is connected to the topology of the corresponding control landscapes, which are free from local traps if three conditions are met: (1) the quantum system is controllable, (2) the Jacobian of the map from the control field to the evolution operator is of full rank, and (3) there are no constraints on the control field. This paper investigates how the violation of assumption (3) affects gradient searches for globally optimal control fields. The satisfaction of assumptions (1) and (2) ensures that the control landscape lacks fundamental traps, but certain control constraints can still introduce artificial traps. Proper management of these constraints is an issue of great practical importance for numerical simulations as well as optimization in the laboratory. Using optimal control simulations, we show that constraints on quantities such as the number of control variables, the control duration, and the field strength are potentially severe enough to prevent successful optimization of the objective. For each such constraint, we show that exceeding quantifiable limits can prevent gradient searches from reaching a globally optimal solution. These results demonstrate that careful choice of relevant control parameters helps to eliminate artificial traps and facilitate successful optimization.
Teplitz, V L; Anderson, J D; Rosenbaum, D C; Scalise, R J; Wentzler, P; Teplitz, Vigdor L.; Anderson, John D.; Rosenbaum, Doris; Scalise, Randall J.; Wentzler, Paul
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We compute the temperature and IR signal of particles of radius $a$ and albedo $\\alpha$ at heliocentric distance $R$, taking into account the emissivity effect, and give an interpolating formula for the result. We compare with analyses of COBE DIRBE data by others (including recent detection of the cosmic IR background) for various values of heliocentric distance, $R$, particle radius, $a$, and particle albedo, $\\alpha$. We then apply these results to a recently-developed picture of the Kuiper belt as a two-sector disk with a nearby, low-density sector (40
Constraints on Cardassian Expansion
W. J. Frith
2003-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
High redshift supernovae and Cosmic Microwave Background data are used to constrain the Cardassian expansion model (Freese & Lewis 2002), a cosmology in which a modification to the Friedmann equation gives rise to a flat, matter-dominated Universe which is currently undergoing a phase of accelerated expansion. In particular, the precision of the positions of the Doppler peaks in the CMB angular power spectrum provided by WMAP tightly constrains the cosmology. The available parameter space is further constrained by various high redshift supernova datasets taken from Tonry et al. (2003), a sample of 230 supernovae collated from the literature, in which fits to the distance and extinction have been recomputed where possible and a consistent zero-point has been applied. In addition, the Cardassian model can also be loosely constrained by inferred upper limits on the epoch at which the Cardassian term in the modified Friedmann equation begins to dominate the expansion (z_eq). Using these methods, a Cardassian cosmology is constrained at the 2 sigma level to 0.191, as opposed to the supernova data which supports a high-Omega_m, low-n cosmology.
Constraint-Based Inference: A Bridge between Constraint Processing and
Mackworth, Alan K.
in representation and essentially identical inference approaches. In the constraint processing community, Semiring CSP [2] and Valued CSP [3] are two of the most widely studied generalized frameworks that abstract-Based Generalized Framework for CBI Problems There are two essential operators in real world CBI problems: (1
Supernova constraints on a superlight gravitino
Dicus, D.A. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics; Mohapatra, R.N. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Physics; Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Dept. of Physics
1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
In supergravity models with low supersymmetry breaking scale the gravitinos can be superlight, with mass in the 10{sup -6} eV to few keV range. In such a case, gravitino emission provides a new cooling mechanism for protoneutron stars and therefore can provide constraints on the mass of a superlight gravitino. This happens because the coupling to matter of superlight gravitinos is dominated by its goldstino component, whose coupling to matter of superlight gravitinos is dominated by its goldstino component, whose coupling to matter is inversely proportional to the scale of supersymmetry breaking and increases as the gravitino mass decreases. Present observations therefore provide lower limits on the gravitino mass. Using the recently revised goldstino couplings, we find that the two dominant processes in supernova cooling are e{sup +} e{sup -} {yields} GG and {gamma}+e{sup -} {yields} e{sup -} GG. They lead to a lower limit on the supersymmetry breaking scale {Lambda}{sub s} from 160 to 500 GeV for core temperatures 30 to 60 MeV and electron chemical potentials 200 to 300 MeV. The corresponding lower limits on the gravitino mass are .6 - 6 x 10{sup -6} eV.
Primordial Nucleosynthesis Constraints on Z' Properties
Vernon Barger; Paul Langacker; Hye-Sung Lee
2003-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
In models involving new TeV-scale Z' gauge bosons, the new U(1)' symmetry often prevents the generation of Majorana masses needed for a conventional neutrino seesaw, leading to three superweakly interacting ``right-handed'' neutrinos nu_R, the Dirac partners of the ordinary neutrinos. These can be produced prior to big bang nucleosynthesis by the Z' interactions, leading to a faster expansion rate and too much ^4He. We quantify the constraints on the Z' properties from nucleosynthesis for Z' couplings motivated by a class of E_6 models parametrized by an angle theta_E6. The rate for the annihilation of three approximately massless right-handed neutrinos into other particle pairs through the Z' channel is calculated. The decoupling temperature, which is higher than that of ordinary left-handed neutrinos due to the large Z' mass, is evaluated, and the equivalent number of new doublet neutrinos Delta N_nu is obtained numerically as a function of the Z' mass and couplings for a variety of assumptions concerning the Z-Z' mixing angle and the quark-hadron transition temperature T_c. Except near the values of theta_E6 for which the Z' decouples from the right-handed neutrinos, the Z' mass and mixing constraints from nucleosynthesis are much more stringent than the existing laboratory limits from searches for direct production or from precision electroweak data, and are comparable to the ranges that may ultimately be probed at proposed colliders. For the case T_c = 150 MeV with the theoretically favored range of Z-Z' mixings, Delta N_nu 4.3 TeV for any value of theta_E6. Larger mixing or larger T_c often lead to unacceptably large Delta N_nu except near the nu_R decoupling limit.
Constraints from cosmic rays on non-systematic Lorentz violation
Sayandeb Basu; David Mattingly
2005-07-05T23:59:59.000Z
In this article we analyze the radiation loss from a high energy cosmic ray proton propagating in a spacetime with non-systematic Lorentz violation. From an effective field theory perspective we illuminate flaws in previous attempts that use threshold approaches to analyze this problem. We argue that in general such approaches are of rather limited use when dealing with non-systematic Lorentz violating scenarios. The main issues we raise are a) the limited applicability of threshold energy conservation rules when translation invariance is broken and b) the large amounts of proton particle production due to the time dependence of the fluctuations. Ignoring particle production, we derive a constraint on the magnitude of velocity fluctuation $|v_f|<10^{-6.5}$, much weaker than has been previously argued. However, we show that in fact particle production makes any such constraint completely unreliable.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Process Limits Process Limits Limit Hard Soft core file size (blocks) 0 unlimited data seg size (kbytes) unlimited unlimited scheduling priority 0 0 file size (blocks) unlimited...
Possible Upper limits on Lorentz Factors in High Energy Astrophysical Processes
C. Sivaram; Kenath Arun
2010-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
Gamma ray bursts (GRBs) are the most luminous physical phenomena in the universe. The relativistic effect on the blast wave associated with the GRB introduces the gamma factor. Here we put an upper limit on the gamma factor via constraints on maximal power allowed by general relativity and hence set upper limits on other observable quantities such as deceleration distance. Also upper limits are set on the high energy particle radiation due to constraints set by cosmic microwave background radiation.
On the Role of Update Constraints and TextTypes in Iterative Learning
Stephan, Frank
On the Role of Update Constraints and TextTypes in Iterative Learning Sanjay Jain 1,# , Timo learning considers therefore the usage of classpreserving oneone hypothesis spaces which limit this type of coding during the learning process. Other ways to limit it is to control the amount and types of updates
Constraint Satisfaction Via Partially Parallel Propagation Steps
Walter Hower Institut; Walter Hower
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
to variables according to existing constraints. Given n variables with n-tuples which represents the globally consistent solution. This article presents a parallel approach to global constraint satisfaction. 0
Parallelism Constraints Katrin Erk Joachim Niehren
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Parallelism Constraints Katrin Erk Joachim Niehren Programming Systems Lab, UniversitÂ¨at des Saarlandes, SaarbrÂ¨ucken, Germany www.ps.uni-sb.de/~{erk,niehren} Abstract. Parallelism constraints
ACLP: Integrating Abduction and Constraint Solving \\Lambda
Kakas, Antonis C.
ACLP: Integrating Abduction and Constraint Solving \\Lambda Antonis Kakas 75 Kallipoleos St. CYÂ1678, Nicosia, Cyprus. Email: antonis@cs.ucy.ac.cy Abstract ACLP is a system which combines abductive reasoning and constraint solving by integrating the frameworks of Abductive Logic Programming (ALP) and Constraint Logic
Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Beta Reduction Constraints Manuel Bodirsky Katrin Erk Alexander Koller Joachim Niehren Programming partially. In this paper, we introduce beta reduction constraints to describe beta reduction steps between partially known lambda terms. We show that beta reduction constraints can be expressed in an extension
Health Insurance Marketplace Notice New Health Insurance Marketplace...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Options and Your Health Coverage PART A: General Information When key parts of the health care law take effect in 2014, there will be a new way to buy health insurance: the...
Reconciling Nuclear and Astrophysical Constraints
Dexheimer, V; Schramm, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In view of new constraints put forth by recent observations and measurements in the realm of astrophysics and nuclear physics, we update the non-linear realization of the sigma model as to reflect such constraints. By doing this, we obtain new equations of state that may be used to describe neutron stars. Such equations of state are obtained by investigating different ways by which the vector mesons self-interact. Furthermore, we also investigate the role played by the delta mesons in the model. As a result, we are able to develop equations of state that are in better agreement with data, such as nuclear compressibility and slope of the symmetry energy at saturation, star masses, radii, and cooling profiles.
Constraints on Neutrino Velocities Revisited
Yunjie Huo; Tianjun Li; Yi Liao; Dimitri V. Nanopoulos; Yonghui Qi
2012-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
With a minimally modified dispersion relation for neutrinos, we reconsider the constraints on superluminal neutrino velocities from bremsstrahlung effects in the laboratory frame. Employing both the direct calculation approach and the virtual Z-boson approach, we obtain the generic decay width and energy loss rate of a superluminal neutrino with general energy. The Cohen-Glashow's analytical results for neutrinos with a relatively low energy are confirmed in both approaches. We employ the survival probability instead of the terminal energy to assess whether a neutrino with a given energy is observable or not in the OPERA experiment. Moreover, using our general results we perform systematical analyses on the constraints arising from the Super-Kamiokande and IceCube experiments.
Towards consistent Electroweak Precision Data constraints in the SMEFT
Laure Berthier; Michael Trott
2015-05-06T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the impact of many previously neglected effects of higher dimensional operators when fitting to Electroweak Precision data (EWPD) in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT). We calculate the general case of $2 \\rightarrow 2$ fermion scattering in the SMEFT to order $\\mathcal{O}(\\bar{v}_T^2/\\Lambda^2)$ valid on and off the $Z$ pole, in the massless fermion limit. We demonstrate that previously neglected corrections scale as $\\Gamma_Z M_Z/\\bar{v}_T^2$ in the partial widths extracted from measured cross sections at LEPI, compared to the leading effect of dimension six operators in anomalous $Z$ couplings. Further, constraints on leading effects of anomalous $Z$ couplings are also modified by neglected perturbative corrections and dimension eight operators. We perform a minimal EWPD fit to illustrate the size of the error these corrections induce, when bounding leading effects. These considerations relax bounds compared to a naive leading order analysis, and show that constraints that rise above the percent level are subject to substantial theoretical uncertanties. We also argue that renormalization group running global constraints expressed through $\\chi^2$ functions to a common scale, and then minimizing and performing a global fit of all data allows more consistent constraints to be obtained in the SMEFT.
Towards consistent Electroweak Precision Data constraints in the SMEFT
Laure Berthier; Michael Trott
2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the impact of many previously neglected effects of higher dimensional operators when fitting to Electroweak Precision data (EWPD) in the Standard Model Effective Field Theory (SMEFT). We calculate the general case of $2 \\rightarrow 2$ fermion scattering in the SMEFT to order $\\mathcal{O}(\\bar{v}_T^2/\\Lambda^2)$ valid on and off the $Z$ pole, in the massless fermion limit. We demonstrate that previously neglected corrections scale as $\\Gamma_Z M_Z/\\bar{v}_T^2$ in the partial widths extracted from measured cross sections at LEPI, compared to the leading effect of dimension six operators in anomalous $Z$ couplings. Further, constraints on leading effects of anomalous $Z$ couplings are also modified by neglected perturbative corrections and dimension eight operators. We perform a minimal EWPD fit to illustrate the size of the error these corrections induce, when bounding leading effects. These considerations relax bounds compared to a naive leading order analysis, and show that constraints that rise above the percent level are subject to substantial theoretical uncertanties. We also argue that renormalization group running global constraints expressed through $\\chi^2$ functions to a common scale, and then minimizing and performing a global fit of all data allows more consistent constraints to be obtained in the SMEFT.
Quantum Spin Dynamics VIII. The Master Constraint
Thomas Thiemann
2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z
Recently the Master Constraint Programme (MCP) for Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG) was launched which replaces the infinite number of Hamiltonian constraints by a single Master constraint. The MCP is designed to overcome the complications associated with the non -- Lie -- algebra structure of the Dirac algebra of Hamiltonian constraints and was successfully tested in various field theory models. For the case of 3+1 gravity itself, so far only a positive quadratic form for the Master Constraint Operator was derived. In this paper we close this gap and prove that the quadratic form is closable and thus stems from a unique self -- adjoint Master Constraint Operator. The proof rests on a simple feature of the general pattern according to which Hamiltonian constraints in LQG are constructed and thus extends to arbitrary matter coupling and holds for any metric signature. With this result the existence of a physical Hilbert space for LQG is established by standard spectral analysis.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & GasTechnical Publications Â» Market AnalysisMarketSoft Costs Â»
Energy Constraints and $F(T,T_{G})$ Cosmology
Waheed, Saira
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The present paper is elaborated to discuss the energy condition bounds in a modified teleparallel gravity namely $F(T,T_{G})$, involving torsion invariant $T$ and contribution from a term $T_G$, the teleparallel equivalent of the Gauss-Bonnet term. For this purpose, we consider flat FRW universe with matter contents as perfect fluid. We formulate the SEC, NEC, WEC and DEC in terms of some cosmic parameters including Hubble, deceleration, jerk and snap parameters. By taking two interesting models for $F(T,T_{G})$ and some recent limits of these cosmic parameters, we explore the constraints on the free parameters present in both assumed models. We also discuss these constraints graphically in terms of cosmic time by taking power law cosmology into account.
Constraints of Dark Energy at High Redshift
Qiping Su; Rong-Gen Cai
2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z
Constrains of dark energy (DE) at high redshift from current and mock future observational data are obtained. It is found that present data give poor constraints of DE even beyond redshift z=0.4, and mock future 2298 type Ia supernove data only give a little improvement of the constraints. We analyze in detail why constraints of DE decrease rapidly with the increasing of redshift. Then we try to improve the constraints of DE at high redshift. It is shown that the most efficient way is to improve the error of observations.
Performance, Market and Manufacturing Constraints relevant to...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Constraints relevant to the Industrialization of Thermoelectric Devices Market pricing of thermoelectric raw materials and processing, cost of manufacture of devices and...
The Complexity of Equality Constraint Languages
Bodirsky, Manuel
. Then it is easy to see that S does not have a solution if and only if it contains an inequality-constraint x = y
The Complexity of Equality Constraint Languages
Bodirsky, Manuel
a solution if and only if it contains an inequality-constraint x = y such that y is reachable from x
FROM TRANSACTIONAL SPATIAL DATABASES INTEGRITY CONSTRAINTS TO SPATIAL DATACUBES INTEGRITY, Sherbrooke, Canada - brodeur@nrcan.gc.ca KEY WORDS: Integrity Constraint, Spatial Datacube, Spatio technology (SOLAP). They are aimed at supporting Geographic Knowledge Discovery (GKD) as well as certain
On Systems with Limited Communication A thesis presented
and Applied Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. The traditional assumption which ignores communication constraints doesn't apply to those sys- tems. This thesisOn Systems with Limited Communication A thesis presented by Jian Zou to The Division of Engineering
The Kauffman Constraint Coefficients Kw
Kenneth A. Griggs
2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
The Kauffman Constraint Coefficients Kw and their corresponding Elementals Ew are presented as solutions to the construction of the (beta)-derivative of Kauffman's Theta-function. Additionally, a new recursion relation is provided to construct the (beta)-derivative of Theta that requires only operational substitutions and summations; this algorithmically simplifies Kauffman's original technique. To demonstrate Kw, we generate the 30 Kw Coefficients from the corresponding Elementals Ew for the (9)-derivative of Theta and find that our results are in complete agreement with Kauffman's Mathematica\\texttrademark solutions. We further present a calculation of two coefficients for the (12)-derivative of Theta and invite readers to use Mathematica\\texttrademark or any other means to calculate and verify our results. Finally, we present a challenging calculation for a coefficient of the (40)-derivative of Theta; owing to the vast numbers of permutations involved, a Mathematica\\texttrademark approach may require substantial computer resources to obtain the solution in a reasonable time.
Export Growth and Credit Constraints Tibor Besedes
Das, Suman
Export Growth and Credit Constraints Tibor Besedes Byung-Cheol Kim Volodymyr Lugovskyy§ May 14, 2014 Abstract We investigate the effect of credit constraints on the growth of exports at the micro of exporting, but not in later stages. Our empirical results using product level data on exports to twelve
Removing Propagation Redundant Constraints in Redundant Modeling
Stuckey, Peter J.
propagation redundant constraints in redundant modeling can speed up search by several order of magnitudes but not least, the choice of variables and the associated domains should lead to a smaller search space than search with various degrees of constraint propagation for pruning the search space. One common technique
Iterative Speech Enhancement With Spectral Constraints
Texas at Dallas, University of
Iterative Speech Enhancement With Spectral Constraints John H. Hansen and Mark A. Clements Georgia iterative speech enhancementtechnique based on spectral constraints is presented in this paper estimate of a speech waveform in additive white noise. Thenew approach applies inter- and intra
Cosmological constraints from the correlation function of galaxy clusters
James Robinson
2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
I compare various semi-analytic models for the bias of dark matter halos with halo clustering properties observed in recent numerical simulations. The best fitting model is one based on the collapse of ellipsoidal perturbations proposed by Sheth, Mo & Tormen (1999), which fits the halo correlation length to better than 8 per cent accuracy. Using this model, I confirm that the correlation length of clusters of a given separation depends primarily on the shape and amplitude of mass fluctuations in the universe, and is almost independent of other cosmological parameters. Current observational uncertainties make it difficult to draw robust conclusions, but for illustrative purposes I discuss the constraints on the mass power spectrum which are implied by recent analyses of the APM cluster sample. I also discuss the prospects for improving these constraints using future surveys such as the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Finally, I show how these constraints can be combined with observations of the cluster number abundance to place strong limits on the matter density of the universe.
New limits for neutrinoless tau decays
Ammar, Raymond G.; Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Besson, David Zeke; Coppage, Don; Darling, C.; Davis, Robin E. P.; Kotov, S.; Kravchenko, I.; Kwak, Nowhan; Zhou, L.
1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
double beta decays, neutrino oscillations, Z!l11l22 decays, and other rare pro- cesses. In particular, there are strict limits on muon neutrino- less decays: B(m!eg),4.9310211 and B(m!eee),2.4 310212 at 90% confidence level @18#. However, lepton num- ber... particles and on the new coupling constants. The most optimistic branching fraction predictions are at the level of about 1026. Constraints on lepton flavor violation come from studies of rare and forbidden K , p, and m decays, e-m conversions, neutrinoless...
Solar System Constraints on Disformal Gravity Theories
Hiu Yan Ip; Jeremy Sakstein; Fabian Schmidt
2015-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
Disformal theories of gravity are scalar-tensor theories where the scalar couples derivatively to matter via the Jordan frame metric. These models have recently attracted interest in the cosmological context since they admit accelerating solutions. We derive the solution for a static isolated mass in generic disformal gravity theories and transform it into the parameterised post-Newtonian form. This allows us to investigate constraints placed on such theories by local tests of gravity. The tightest constraints come from preferred-frame effects due to the motion of the Solar System with respect to the evolving cosmological background field. The constraints we obtain improve upon the previous solar system constraints by two orders of magnitude, and constrain the scale of the disformal coupling for generic models to $\\mathcal{M} \\gtrsim 100$ eV. These constraints render all disformal effects irrelevant for cosmology.
Solar System Constraints on Disformal Gravity Theories
Ip, Hiu Yan; Schmidt, Fabian
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Disformal theories of gravity are scalar-tensor theories where the scalar couples derivatively to matter via the Jordan frame metric. These models have recently attracted interest in the cosmological context since they admit accelerating solutions. We derive the solution for a static isolated mass in generic disformal gravity theories and transform it into the parameterised post-Newtonian form. This allows us to investigate constraints placed on such theories by local tests of gravity. The tightest constraints come from preferred-frame effects due to the motion of the Solar System with respect to the evolving cosmological background field. The constraints we obtain improve upon the previous solar system constraints by two orders of magnitude, and constrain the scale of the disformal coupling for generic models to $\\mathcal{M} \\gtrsim 100$ eV. These constraints render all disformal effects irrelevant for cosmology.
but also a strategy for ensuring energy balance before digestive capacity is reached. 3. Foraging time of British Columbia, Canada; 2 University of St. Andrew's, UK, 3 Texas A&M University, Galveston, USA the physiological constraint of aerobic dive limits defines their strategies. However, there are other physiological
Tree-level unitarity constraints in the most general two Higgs doublet model
Ginzburg, I.F. [Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, acad. Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Ivanov, I.P. [Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, acad. Koptyug avenue 4, 630090, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); INFN, Gruppo Collegato di Cosenza, Ponte Bucci, 31C, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita della Calabria, Arcavacata di Rende (Serbia and Montenegro), 87036 (Italy)
2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain tree-level unitarity constraints for the most general Two-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM) with explicit CP-violation. We briefly discuss correspondence between possible violation of tree-level unitarity limitation and physical content of the theory.
Jacobian Singularities in Optimal Power Flow Problems Caused by Intertemporal Constraints
Li, Xin
that are time-dependent such as generator ramp limits and specifically energy storage constraints may cause on the Newton-Raphson al- gorithm are widely used to solve Optimal Power Flow (OPF) and Economic Dispatch a storage device is integrated into a multi-timestep OPF problem and the optimal solution
The Speed Bounds on Event Reporting in Mobile Sensor Networks with Energy Constraints
Wang, Wenye
The Speed Bounds on Event Reporting in Mobile Sensor Networks with Energy Constraints Yi Xu network response delay. However, due to the sensor mobility and the energy limitation, fast report and Wenye Wang Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering North Carolina State University Raleigh, NC
Cloud tomography: Role of constraints and a new algorithm Dong Huang,1
Cloud tomography: Role of constraints and a new algorithm Dong Huang,1 Yangang Liu,1 and Warren 2008. [1] Retrieving spatial distributions of cloud liquid water content from limited-angle emission data (passive microwave cloud tomography) is ill-posed, and a small inaccuracy in the data and
Analyze Constraint Behavior to Discover Hidden Value in your Process
Morrison, R.; Moore, D.
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of data to the database. Several EMS Reports are generated daily by the MSAccess application. These include: Power Boiler Control Constraints 4200 kPa Header Optimizer Constraints 1150 kPa Header Optimization Constraints 450 kPa Header...
Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity. Constraint of DNA on Functionalized Graphene Improves Its Biostability and Specificity....
A Constraint-Reduced Algorithm for Semidefinite Optimization ...
2015-05-23T23:59:59.000Z
May 23, 2015 ... Constraint reduction methods originated from the question of whether we can save computational costs by ignoring a subset of constraints ...
A note on the expected probability of constraint v...
2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
Page 1 ... this topic): V = expected number of support constraints. 1 + number of constraints . This result (Theorem 1) is obtained using a simple technique based
How energy conservation limits our measurements
Miguel Navascues; Sandu Popescu
2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
Observations in Quantum Mechanics are subject to complex restrictions arising from the principle of energy conservation. Determining such restrictions, however, has been so far an elusive task, and only partial results are known. In this paper we discuss how constraints on the energy spectrum of a measurement device translate into limitations on the measurements which we can effect on a target system with non-trivial energy operator. We provide efficient algorithms to characterize such limitations and we quantify them exactly when the target is a two-level quantum system. Our work thus identifies the boundaries between what is possible or impossible to measure, i.e., between what we can see or not, when energy conservation is at stake.
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Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints
Levy, David
2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...
Workflow Collaboration with Constraint Solving Capabilities
Chen-Burger, Y-H; Hui, K; Preece, A D; Gray, P.M.D; Tate, Austin
, perform specialised tasks and achieve common goals. We give an account of our approach for the workflow assisted collaboration with a specialised knowledge agent. In this case, a system with constraint solving capabilities. We found that systems built...
Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints
Levy, David
2013-06-26T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, a Multiple Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Constraints (MVRPFC) is considered. This problem consists of a field of targets to be visited, and a collection of vehicles with fuel tanks that may visit the targets. Consideration...
The Design of Shape from Motion Constraints
Caine, Michael E.
1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report presents a set of representations methodologies and tools for the purpose of visualizing, analyzing and designing functional shapes in terms of constraints on motion. The core of the research is an interactive ...
Geophysical constraint on a relic background of the dilatons
Sachie Shiomi
2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
According to a scenario in string cosmology, a relic background of light dilatons can be a significant component of the dark matter in the Universe. A new approach of searching for such a dilatonic background by observing Earth's surface gravity was proposed in my previous work. In this paper, the concept of the geophysical search is briefly reviewed, and the geophysical constraint on the dilaton background is presented as a function of the strength of the dilaton coupling, $q_b^2$. For simplicity, I focus on massless dilatons and assume a simple Earth model. With the current upper limit on $q_b^2$, we obtain the upper limit on the dimensionless energy density of the massless background, $\\Omega_{DW}h^2_{100} \\leq 6 \\times 10^{-7}$, which is about one-order of magnitude more stringent than the one from astrophysical observations, at the frequency of $\\sim$ 7 $\\times$ 10$^{-5}$ Hz. If the magnitude of $q_b^2$ is experimentally found to be smaller than the current upper limit by one order of magnitude, the geophysical upper limit on $\\Omega_{DW}h^2_{100}$ becomes less stringent and comparable to the one obtained from the astrophysical observations.
Limitations and Opportunities of Off-Shell Coupling Measurements
Christoph Englert; Michael Spannowsky
2014-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
Indirect constraints on the total Higgs width $\\Gamma_h$ from correlating Higgs signal strengths with cross section measurements in the off-shell region for $p(g)p(g)\\to 4\\ell$ production have received considerable attention recently, and the CMS collaboration have published a first measurement. We revisit this analysis from a new physics and unitarity constraints perspective and conclude that limits on $\\Gamma_h$ obtained in this fashion are not reliable unless we make model-specific assumptions, which cannot be justified at the current stage of the LHC programme. Relaxing the $\\Gamma_h$ interpretation, we discuss the merits of high invariant mass cross section measurements in the context of Higgs CP analyses, higher dimensional operator testing, and resolved new physics in the light of electroweak precision constraints beyond effective theory limitations. Furthermore, we show that a rather model-independent LHC constraint can be obtained from adapting the $gg\\to 4\\ell$ analysis to the weak boson fusion channels at lower statistical yield.
McBranch, Duncan W. (Santa Fe, NM); Mattes, Benjamin R. (Santa Fe, NM); Koskelo, Aaron C. (Los Alamos, NM); Heeger, Alan J. (Santa Barbara, CA); Robinson, Jeanne M. (Los Alamos, NM); Smilowitz, Laura B. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimov, Victor I. (Los Alamos, NM); Cha, Myoungsik (Goleta, CA); Sariciftci, N. Serdar (Santa Barbara, CA); Hummelen, Jan C. (Groningen, NL)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Optical limiting materials. Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO.sub.2) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400-1100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes.
Changpin Li; Weihua Deng
2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter, we derive a sufficient condition of synchronizing limit sets (attractors and repellers) by using the linear feedback control technique proposed here. There examples are included. The numerical simulations and computer graphics show that our method work well.
Projected Constraints on Lorentz-Violating Gravity with Gravitational Waves
Devin Hansen; Nicolas Yunes; Kent Yagi
2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
Gravitational waves are excellent tools to probe the foundations of General Relativity in the strongly dynamical and non-linear regime. One such foundation is Lorentz symmetry, which can be broken in the gravitational sector by the existence of a preferred time direction, and thus, a preferred frame at each spacetime point. This leads to a modification in the orbital decay rate of binary systems, and also in the generation and chirping of their associated gravitational waves. We here study whether waves emitted in the late, quasi-circular inspiral of non-spinning, neutron star binaries can place competitive constraints on two proxies of gravitational Lorentz-violation: Einstein-\\AE{}ther theory and khronometric gravity. We model the waves in the small-coupling (or decoupling) limit and in the post-Newtonian approximation, by perturbatively solving the field equations in small deformations from General Relativity and in the small-velocity/weak-gravity approximation. We assume a gravitational wave consistent with General Relativity has been detected with second- and third-generation, ground-based detectors, and with the proposed space-based mission, DECIGO, with and without coincident electromagnetic counterparts. Without a counterpart, a detection consistent with General Relativity of neutron star binaries can only place competitive constraints on gravitational Lorentz violation when using future, third-generation or space-based instruments. On the other hand, a single counterpart is enough to place constraints that are 10 orders of magnitude more stringent than current binary pulsar bounds, even when using second-generation detectors. This is because Lorentz violation forces the group velocity of gravitational waves to be different from that of light, and this difference can be very accurately constrained with coincident observations.
Thomas M. Stace
2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
The precision of typical thermometers consisting of $N$ particles is shot noise limited, improving as $\\sim1/\\sqrt{N}$. For high precision thermometry and thermometric standards this presents an important theoretical noise floor. Here it is demonstrated that thermometry may be mapped onto the problem of phase estimation, and using techniques from optimal phase estimation, it follows that the scaling of the precision of a thermometer may in principle be improved to $\\sim1/N$, representing a Heisenberg limit to thermometry.
Topological Constraints in Directed Polymer Melts
Serna, Pablo; Nahum, Adam
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Polymers in a melt may be subject to topological constraints, as in the example of unlinked polymer rings. How to do statistical mechanics in the presence of such constraints remains a fundamental open problem. We study the effect of topological constraints on a melt of directed polymers using simulations of a simple quasi-2D model. We find that fixing the global topology of the melt to be trivial changes the polymer conformations drastically. Polymers of length $L$ wander in the transverse direction only by a distance of order $(\\ln L)^\\zeta$ with $\\zeta \\simeq 1.5$. This is strongly suppressed in comparison with the Brownian scaling $L^{1/2}$ which holds in the absence of the topological constraint. It is also much less than the prediction $L^{1/4}$ of a mean-field-like `array of obstacles' model: thus we rule out such a model in the present setting. Dynamics are also strongly affected by the constraints, and a tagged monomer in an infinite system performs logarithmically slow subdiffusion. To cast light on...
Constraints on Supersymmetric Models from Catalytic Primordial Nucleosynthesis of Beryllium
Maxim Pospelov; Josef Pradler; Frank Daniel Steffen
2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
The catalysis of nuclear reactions by negatively charged relics leads to increased outputs of primordial ^6Li and ^9Be. In combination with observational constraints on the primordial fractions of ^6Li and ^9Be, this imposes strong restrictions on the primordial abundance and the lifetime of charged relics. We analyze the constraints from the catalysis of ^9Be on supersymmetric models in which the gravitino is the lightest supersymmetric particle and a charged slepton--such as the lighter stau--the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP). Barring the special cases in which the primordial fraction of the slepton NLSP is significantly depleted, we find that the ^9Be data require a slepton NLSP lifetime of less than 6x10^3 seconds. We also address the issue of the catalytic destruction of ^6Li and ^9Be by late forming bound states of protons with negatively charged relics finding that it does not lead to any significant modification of the limit on the slepton lifetime.
Application of the ''reactivity constraint approach'' to automatic reactor control
Bernard, J.A.; Henry, A.F.; Lanning, D.D.
1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The ''reactivity constraint approach'' is described and demonstrated to be an effective and reliable means for the automatic control of power in nuclear reactors. This approach functions by restricting the effect of the delayed neutron populations to that which can be balanced by an induced change in the prompt population. This is done by limiting the net reactivity to the amount that can be offset by reversing the direction of motion of the automated control mechanism. The necessary reactivity constraints are obtained from the dynamic period equation, which gives the instantaneous reactor period as a function of the reactivity and the rate of change of reactivity. The derivation of this equation is described with emphasis on the recently obtained ''alternate'' formulation. Following a discussion of the behavior of each term of this alternate equation as a function of reactivity, its use in the design and operation of a nonlinear, closed-loop, digital controller for reactor power is in the design and operation of a nonlinear, closed-loop, digital controller for reactor power is described. Details of the initial experimental trials of the resulting controller are given.
Chiral Ring of Strange Metals: The Multicolor Limit
Mikhail Isachenkov; Ingo Kirsch; Volker Schomerus
2014-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
The low energy limit of a dense 2D adjoint QCD is described by a family of ${\\cal N}=(2,2)$ supersymmetric coset conformal field theories. In previous work we constructed chiral primaries for a small number $N primaries are labeled by partitions and identify the ring they generate as the ring of Schur polynomials. Our findings impose strong constraints on the possible dual description through string theory in an $AdS_3$ compactification.
Relaxation of the lower frit loading constraint for DWPF process control
Brown, K.G.
2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The lower limit on the frit loading parameter when measurement uncertainty is introduced has impacted DWPF performance during immobilization of Tank 42 Sludge; therefore, any defensible relaxation or omission of this constraint should correspondingly increase DWPF waste loading and efficiency. Waste loading should be increased because the addition of frit is the current remedy for exceeding the lower frit loading constraint. For example, frit was added to DWPF SME Batches 94, 97 and 98 to remedy these batches for low frit loading. Attempts were also made to add frit in addition to the optimum computed to assure the lower frit loading constraint would be satisfied; however, approximately half of the SME Batches produced after Batch 98 have violated the lower frit loading constraint. If the DWPF batches did not have to be remediated and additional frit added because of the lower frit loading limit, then both, the performance of the DWPF process and the waste loading in the glass produced would be increased. Before determining whether or not the lower frit loading limit can be relaxed or omitted, the origin of this and the other constraints related to durability prediction must be examined. The lower limit loading constraint results from the need to make highly durable glass in DWPF. It is required that DWPF demonstrate that the glass produced would have durability that is at least two standard deviations greater than that of the Environmental Assessment (EA) glass. Glass durability cannot be measured in situ, it must be predicted from composition which can be measured. Fortunately, the leaching characteristics of homogeneous waste glasses is strongly related to the total molar free energy of the constituent species. Thus the waste acceptance specification has been translated into a requirement that the total molar free energy associated with the glass composition that would be produced from a DWPF melter feed batch be less than that of the EA glass accounting for both prediction uncertainty (including bias) and measurement uncertainty to a confidence level of 95%. However, it was discovered during Integrated DWPF Melter System (IDMS) testing that under certain conditions, DWPF glasses were prone to phase separation resulting in glasses that had noticeably unpredictable and, at times, unacceptable leaching behavior. This document details an evaluation of the continued applicability of the low frit constraint for DWPF Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) acceptability determinations.
On kinematical constraints in Regge calculus
V. Khatsymovsky
1993-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
In the (3+1)D Hamiltonian Regge calculus (one of the coordinates, $ t$, is continuous) conjugate variables are (defined on triangles of discrete 3D section $ t=const$) finite connections and antisymmetric area bivectors. The latter, however, are not independent, since triangles may have common edges. This circumstance can be taken into account with the help of the set of kinematical (that is, required to hold by definition of Regge manifold) bilinear constraints on bivectors. Some of these contain derivatives over $ t$, and taking them into account with the help of Lagrange multipliers would result in the new dynamical variables not having analogs in the continuum theory. It is shown that kinematical constraints with derivatives are consequences of eqs. of motion for Regge action supplemented with the rest of these constraints without derivatives and can be omitted; so the new dynamical variables do not appear.
First class constraints in Regge calculus
V. Khatsymovsky
1993-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
Considered are I class constraints in the tetrad-connection formulation of Regge calculus. One of these is well-known Gauss law which generates rotations in the local frames associated with tetrahedrons in the continuous time 3D section. Another two types of these are new, satisfied by definition of Regge manifold and having no I class analogs in the continuum general relativity. Constraints of the first type express vanishing of the dual squares of antisymmetric tensors of the triangles in the 3D section thus ensuring each such tensor being a bivector. Constraints of the second type are trigonometric relations between areas of triangles of 3D section caused by that the set of areas is redundant as compared to the set of linklengts.
Title 10 USC 2684a Agreements to Limit Encroachments and Other Constraints
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries PvtStratosolarTharaldson EthanolTillson, New5661Â°, -86.0529604Â°| OpenDefenseon
Relaxed constraints on neutrino oscillation parameters
Daniela P. Kirilova; Mariana P. Panayotova
2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
We study the cosmological constraints on active-sterile neutrino oscillations nu_e nu_s for the case when nu_s is partially filled initially, i.e. 0 nu_s oscillations, effective after neutrino decoupling, accounting for all known oscillations effects on cosmological nucleosynthesis. Cosmological constraints on oscillation parameters corresponding to higher than 5% He-4 overproduction and different non-zero initial populations of the sterile state delta N_s 0 are relaxed in comparison with the delta N_s = 0 case and the relaxation is proportional to delta N_s.
New constraints in dynamical torsion theory
Katanaev, M.O. (Steklov Mathematical Inst., Moscow (Russian Federation))
1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The most general Lagrangian for dynamical torsion theory quadratic in curvature and torsion is considered. The authors impose two simple and physically reasonable constraints on the solution of the equations of motion (i) there must be solutions with zero curvature and nontrivial torsion and (ii) there must be solutions with torsion and non covariantly constant curvature. The constraints reduce the number of independent coupling constants from ten to five. The resulting theory contains Einstein's general relativity and Weitzenboeck's absolute parallelism theory as the two sectors. 32 refs.
New. nu. constraints on Majorana mass matrices
Dugan, M.J.; Manohar, A.; Nelson, A.E.
1985-07-08T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss constraints on the three by three Majorana neutrino mass matrix consistent with neutrinoless double ..beta.. decay experiments, neutrino oscillation experiments, and the existence of a 17-keV neutrino. We find that ..nu../sub ..mu../ and ..nu../sub tau/ must be nearly degenerate, or ..nu../sub ..mu../ must be heavier than 250 keV. A new parametrization of the mixing in the neutrino sector is proposed. We give a simple example of a mass matrix which satisfies all constraints.
LHC constraints on gauge boson couplings to dark matter
Crivellin, Andreas; Hibbs, Anthony
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Collider searches for energetic particles recoiling against missing transverse energy allow to place strong bounds on the interactions between dark matter (DM) and standard model particles. In this article we update and extend LHC constraints on effective dimension-7 operators involving DM and electroweak gauge bosons. A concise comparison of the sensitivity of the mono-photon, mono-W, mono-Z, mono-W/Z, invisible Higgs-boson decays in the vector boson fusion mode and the mono-jet channel is presented. Depending on the parameter choices, either the mono-photon or the mono-jet data provide the most stringent bounds at the moment. We furthermore explore the potential of improving the current 8 TeV limits at 14 TeV. Future strategies capable of disentangling the effects of the different effective operators involving electroweak gauge bosons are discussed as well.
Observational Constraints on the Topology (Global Geometry) of the Universe
B. F. Roukema
2002-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Universe is a physical object. Physical objects have shapes and sizes. General relativity is insufficient to describe the global shape and size of the Universe: the Hilbert-Einstein equations only treat limiting quantities towards an arbitrary point. Empirical work on measuring the shape and size of the Universe (formally: the ``3-manifold of the spatial hypersurface at constant cosmological time'', and, e.g. the ``injectivity diameter'' respectively) has progressed significantly in the late 1980's and the 1990's, using observational catalogues of galaxy clusters, of quasars and of the microwave background, though the analyses are still hindered by simplifying (and often observationally unsupported) assumptions. A review of the different observational strategies and claimed constraints was presented at the meeting.
McBranch, D.W.; Mattes, B.R.; Koskelo, A.C.; Heeger, A.J.; Robinson, J.M.; Smilowitz, L.B.; Klimov, V.I.; Cha, M.; Sariciftci, N.S.; Hummelen, J.C.
1998-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
Methanofullerenes, fulleroids and/or other fullerenes chemically altered for enhanced solubility, in liquid solution, and in solid blends with transparent glass (SiO{sub 2}) gels or polymers, or semiconducting (conjugated) polymers, are shown to be useful as optical limiters (optical surge protectors). The nonlinear absorption is tunable such that the energy transmitted through such blends saturates at high input energy per pulse over a wide range of wavelengths from 400--1,100 nm by selecting the host material for its absorption wavelength and ability to transfer the absorbed energy into the optical limiting composition dissolved therein. This phenomenon should be generalizable to other compositions than substituted fullerenes. 5 figs.
Constraints on decaying dark matter from Fermi observations of nearby galaxies and clusters
Dugger, Leanna; Profumo, Stefano [Department of Astronomy and Department of Physics, University of California Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA (United States); Jeltema, Tesla E., E-mail: greentee01@gmail.com, E-mail: tesla@ucolick.org, E-mail: profumo@scipp.ucsc.edu [UCO/Lick Observatories, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)
2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the impact of Fermi gamma-ray observations (primarily non-detections) of selected nearby galaxies, including dwarf spheroidals, and of clusters of galaxies on decaying dark matter models. We show that the fact that galaxy clusters do not shine in gamma rays puts the most stringent limits available to-date on the lifetime of dark matter particles for a wide range of particle masses and decay final states. In particular, our results put strong constraints on the possibility of ascribing to decaying dark matter both the increasing positron fraction reported by PAMELA and the high-energy feature in the electron-positron spectrum measured by Fermi. Observations of nearby dwarf galaxies and of the Andromeda Galaxy (M31) do not provide as strong limits as those from galaxy clusters, while still improving on previous constraints in some cases.
New axion and hidden photon constraints from a solar data global fit
Vinyoles, Núria; Villante, Francesco L; Basu, Sarbani; Redondo, Javier; Isern, Jordi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new statistical analysis that combines helioseismology (sound speed, surface helium and convective radius) and solar neutrino observations (boron and beryllium fluxes) to place upper limits to the properties of non standard weakly interacting particles. Our analysis includes theoretical and observational errors, accounts for tensions between input parameters of solar models and can be easily extended to include other observational constraints. We present two applications to test the method: the well studied case of axions and axion-like particles and the more novel case of low mass hidden photons. For axions we obtain an upper limit at 3 sigma for the axion-photon coupling constant of g_a-gamma solar constraints based on the Standard Solar Models showing the power of our global statistical ap...
Backtracking in Distributed Constraint Networks Youssef Hamadi
Hamadi, Yousseff
). The basic method to search for solu- tion in a constraint network is backtrack search, which performs a systematic exploration of the search tree until it finds an instantiation of values to variables search algorithms among several agents to speed up the running time of central algorithms. We distribute
Prioritisation of test suites containing precedence constraints
Miller, Tim
1 Prioritisation of test suites containing precedence constraints Tim Miller Department@unimelb.edu.au Abstract--Test case prioritisation is the process of ordering the exe- cution of test cases to achieve a certain goal, such as increasing the rate of fault detection. Many existing test case prioritisation
SCHEDULING CEMENT PLANTS WITH ENERGY CONSTRAINTS
Grossmann, Ignacio E.
SCHEDULING CEMENT PLANTS WITH ENERGY CONSTRAINTS Pedro M. Castro Ignacio E. Grossmann Iiro K Meeting 4 #12;5 ABB PROJECT #12;INTRODUCTION Cement producers currently under pressure to produce Contracts agreed between electricity supplier and cement plants (planning level) Energy cost [$/k
Symmetry-Breaking Constraints for Matrix Models
Flener, Pierre
-breaking constraints. Experimental re- sults confirm their value. 1 Introduction Symmetry in a CSP model is an important issue as the exploration of symmet- ric but essentially equivalent branches in a search tree may techniques have been developed to address the issue of eliminating symmetry in CSP models. An important class
Kalman Filtering with State Equality Constraints
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filtering with State Equality Constraints DAN SIMON, Member, IEEE Cleveland State University TIEN LI CHIA, Member, IEEE ControlSoft, Inc. Kalman filters are commonly used to estimate the states of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman filters there is often known model or signal
KALMAN FILTERING WITH STATISTICAL STATE CONSTRAINTS
Simon, Dan
KALMAN FILTERING WITH STATISTICAL STATE CONSTRAINTS T. L. Chia ControlSoft Inc. 5387 Avion Park with white process and measurement noise, the Kalman ¯lter is known to be the minimum variance linear state estimator. In the case that the random quantities are Gaussian, then the Kalman ¯lter is the minimim
Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications
Walsh, Toby
Transforming and Refining Abstract Constraint Specifications Alan M. Frisch1 , Brahim Hnich2 , Ian choose model transformations to reduce greatly the amount of effort that is required to solve a problem by systematic search. It is a consid- erable challenge to automate such transformations. A problem may be viewed
Processor Speed Control with Thermal Constraints
Almir Mutapcic
2007-09-29T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 29, 2007 ... Processor Speed Control with Thermal Constraints ... and we model the dissipated power of a processor as a positive and strictly increasing ... speeds based on the measured temperatures in the system. ... Category 2: Applications -- Science and Engineering (Optimization of Systems modeled by PDEs ).
Constraints Techniques for Authoring Multimedia Documents
Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université
Constraints Techniques for Authoring Multimedia Documents Muriel Jourdan, Cécile Roisin and Laurent://opera.inrialpes.fr/OPERA/ 1 Introduction A multimedia document is defined as a set of objects from different media (text been done for the definition of languages and formats of multimedia documents, largely focusing
Electroweak constraints on flavorful effective theories
Efrati, Aielet; Soreq, Yotam
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive model-independent constraints arising from the Z and W boson observables on dimension six operators in the effective theory beyond the Standard Model. In particular, we discuss the generic flavor structure for these operators as well as several flavor patterns motivated by simple new physics scenarios.
Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics
Bickhard, Mark H.
Intrinsic Constraints on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Mark H. Bickhard on Language: Grammar and Hermeneutics Mark H. Bickhard Abstract Functional and pragmatic approaches to grammar to its nature. I also show how phenomena of implicature, the hermeneutic circle, and forms of creative
Nordic Journal of Computing TEMPORAL CONCURRENT CONSTRAINT
Palamidessi, Catuscia
Nordic Journal of Computing TEMPORAL CONCURRENT CONSTRAINT PROGRAMMING: DENOTATION, LOGIC on this semantics, we develop a proof system for lineartemporal properties of these processes. The expressiveness of ntcc is illustrated by modeling cells, timed systems such as RCX controllers, multiagent systems
Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints
CaÃ±izares, Claudio A.
Optimal Power Flow Incorporating Voltage Collapse Constraints William Rosehart Claudio Ca on the current operating con- ditions is presented. Second, an Optimal Power Flow formulation that incorporates: Voltage Collapse, Optimal Power Flow, Bifur- cations. I. Introduction As open-access market principles
Automated ConstraintBased Nucleotide Sequence Selection
Gifford, David K.
Automated ConstraintÂBased Nucleotide Sequence Selection for DNA Computation Alexander J. Hartemink computational melting temperÂ ature primitive to search a ``nucleotide space'' for sequences satisfying a pre that offer the promise of an efficient method for selecting optimal nucleotide sequences in an automated
Automated Constraint-Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection
Gifford, David K.
Automated Constraint-Based Nucleotide Sequence Selection for DNA Computation Alexander J. Hartemink computational melting temperature primitive to search a "nucleotide space" for sequences satisfying a pre that offer the promise of an efficient method for selecting optimal nucleotide sequences in an automated
Modular Lazy Search for Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Tolmach, Andrew
graph coloring #12;3 CSP Algorithm Zoo · No agreedupon common framework. · Many problems benefit from on this function is a constraint check · Problem: type CSP = CSP{vars::Int,vals::Int,rel::Rel} #12;7 States is complete. complete :: CSP -> State -> Bool complete CSP{vars} as = (length as == vars) · A state
Synthesised Constraint Models for Distributed Energy Management
Reif, Wolfgang
generation [1], demand-side manage- ment, or building control software. In a producer-based view, supplySynthesised Constraint Models for Distributed Energy Management Alexander Schiendorfer, Jan frequently encountered in energy management systems such as the coordination of power generators in a virtual
Constraints on Covariant Horava-Lifshitz Gravity from frame-dragging experiment
Ninfa Radicella; Gaetano Lambiase; Luca Parisi; Gaetano Vilasi
2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
The effects of Horava-Lifshitz corrections to the gravito-magnetic field are analyzed. Solutions in the weak field, slow motion limit, referring to the motion of a satellite around the Earth are considered. The post-newtonian paradigm is used to evaluate constraints on the Horava-Lifshitz parameter space from current satellite and terrestrial experiments data. In particular, we focus on GRAVITY PROBE B, LAGEOS and the more recent LARES mission, as well as a forthcoming terrestrial project, GINGER.
Sets of Symmetry Breaking Constraints Barbara M. Smith
Smith, Barbara M.
Sets of Symmetry Breaking Constraints Barbara M. Smith Cork Constraint Computation Centre, University College Cork, Ireland b.m.smith@4c.ucc.ie Abstract [Puget, 2004] has shown that if the symmetry
Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud Hottelier
Bodik, Rastisla
Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud Hottelier James Ide Doug Kimelman Ras Bodik Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences University of California at Berkeley Technical Report to lists, requires prior specific permission. #12;Parallel Web Scripting with Reactive Constraints Thibaud
Dynamic Flexible Constraint Satisfaction and it's Application to AI Planning
Miguel, Ian
Constraints are a natural means of knowledage representation in many disparate fields. A constraint often takes the form of an equation or inequality, but in the most abstract senseis simply a logical relation among several ...
OPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS
Bitmead, Bob
, a number of modern model-based control design methods sought to deal with system constraints directlyOPTIMAL CONTROL OF LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH STATE EQUALITY CONSTRAINTS Sangho Ko , Robert R. Bitmead 1 with the optimal control problem for systems with state linear equality constraints. For deterministic linear
4 Editor: Marius C. Silaghi Crossroads in Constraint Programming
Boyer, Edmond
of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP). The constraints of a CSP are specified as relations on a set of vari- ables. The choice of these variables and formulation of the constraints turns out to be essential that may change in the near future. Fig. 1. Freuderfest location If one views the variables of a CSP
Handling Soft Constraints in the Semantic Web Architecture
Preece, Alun
for a service-providing agent to reason about its commitments as soft constraints. The two essential of CIF/SWRL. The soft CSP on- tology is intended to be used with CIF/SWRL, but is also potentially usable to the particular constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) in which the constraint is being applied. In relation
Polymer constraint effect for electrothermal bimorph microactuators T. Chu Duca
Technische Universiteit Delft
Polymer constraint effect for electrothermal bimorph microactuators T. Chu Duca Laboratory report on the analysis of the polymer constraint effect and its use for a micromachined electrothermal bimorph actuator. The actuated displacement is enhanced due to the polymer constraint effect. Both
Fromherz, Markus P.J.
, and their many possible configurations. Low cost can be achieved through the mass fabrication of the simpler* Presented at CP'99 Workshop on Constraints in Control (CC'99). Towards Constraint-based Actuation
Constraints on New Gravitylike Forces in the Nanometer Range
Kamiya, Y; Tani, M; Kim, G N; Komamiya, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on a new constraint on gravitylike short-range forces, in which the interaction charge is mass, obtained by measuring the angular distribution of 5 A neutrons scattering off atomic xenon gas. Around 10^7 scattering events were collected at the 40 m small angle neutron scattering beam line located at the HANARO research reactor of the Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute. The extracted coupling strengths of new forces in the Yukawa-type parametrization are g^2 = (0.2 \\pm 6.8 \\pm 2.0) \\times 10^-15 GeV^2 and g^2 = (-5.3 \\pm 9.0 + 2.7 -2.8) \\times 10^-17 GeV^2 for interaction ranges of 0.1 and 1.0 nm, respectively. These strengths correspond to 95% confidence level limits of g^2 < (1.4 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^-14 GeV^-2 and g^2 < (1.3 \\pm 0.2) \\times 10^-16 GeV^-2, improving the current limits for interaction ranges between 4 and 0.04 nm by a factor of up to 10.
Solar System constraints to nonminimally coupled gravity
Orfeu Bertolami; Riccardo March; Jorge Páramos
2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the analysis of Chiba, Smith and Erickcek \\cite{CSE} of Solar System constraints on $f(R)$ gravity to a class of nonminimally coupled (NMC) theories of gravity. These generalize $f(R)$ theories by replacing the action functional of General Relativity (GR) with a more general form involving two functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$ of the Ricci scalar curvature $R$. While the function $f^1(R)$ is a nonlinear term in the action, analogous to $f(R)$ gravity, the function $f^2(R)$ yields a NMC between the matter Lagrangian density $\\LL_m$ and the scalar curvature. The developed method allows for obtaining constraints on the admissible classes of functions $f^1(R)$ and $f^2(R)$, by requiring that predictions of NMC gravity are compatible with Solar System tests of gravity. We apply this method to a NMC model which accounts for the observed accelerated expansion of the Universe.
Effective Hamiltonian Constraint from Group Field Theory
Etera R. Livine; Daniele Oriti; James P. Ryan
2011-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
Spinfoam models provide a covariant formulation of the dynamics of loop quantum gravity. They are non-perturbatively defined in the group field theory (GFT) framework: the GFT partition function defines the sum of spinfoam transition amplitudes over all possible (discretized) geometries and topologies. The issue remains, however, of explicitly relating the specific form of the group field theory action and the canonical Hamiltonian constraint. Here, we suggest an avenue for addressing this issue. Our strategy is to expand group field theories around non-trivial classical solutions and to interpret the induced quadratic kinematical term as defining a Hamiltonian constraint on the group field and thus on spin network wave functions. We apply our procedure to Boulatov group field theory for 3d Riemannian gravity. Finally, we discuss the relevance of understanding the spectrum of this Hamiltonian operator for the renormalization of group field theories.
Darmann, Francis Anthony
2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
A fault current limiter (FCL) includes a series of high permeability posts for collectively define a core for the FCL. A DC coil, for the purposes of saturating a portion of the high permeability posts, surrounds the complete structure outside of an enclosure in the form of a vessel. The vessel contains a dielectric insulation medium. AC coils, for transporting AC current, are wound on insulating formers and electrically interconnected to each other in a manner such that the senses of the magnetic field produced by each AC coil in the corresponding high permeability core are opposing. There are insulation barriers between phases to improve dielectric withstand properties of the dielectric medium.
Dynamical Constraints on Disk Galaxy Formation
Stacy McGaugh
1999-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
The rotation curves of disk galaxies exhibit a number of striking regularities. The amplitude of the rotation is correlated with luminosity (Tully-Fisher), the shape of the rotation curve is well predicted by the luminous mass distribution, and the magnitude of the mass discrepancy increases systematically with decreasing centripetal acceleration. These properties indicate a tight connection between light and mass, and impose strong constraints on theories of galaxy formation.
Solar system constraints on Rindler acceleration
Sante Carloni; Daniel Grumiller; Florian Preis
2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the classical tests of general relativity in the presence of Rindler acceleration. Among these tests the perihelion shifts give the tightest constraints and indicate that the Pioneer anomaly cannot be caused by a universal solar system Rindler acceleration. We address potential caveats for massive test-objects. Our tightest bound on Rindler acceleration that comes with no caveats is derived from radar echo delay and yields |a|<3nm/s^2.
Flener, Pierre
From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance From Space to Smart 2009 1 / 43 #12;From Space to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance Outline 1 to Smart Homes: Constraint-Based Planning for Domestic Assistance Motivation: Contextualized Proactive
Cosmological Constraints from Galaxy Cluster Velocity Statistics
Suman Bhattacharya; Arthur Kosowsky
2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
Future microwave sky surveys will have the sensitivity to detect the kinematic Sunyaev-Zeldovich signal from moving galaxy clusters, thus providing a direct measurement of their line-of-sight peculiar velocity. We show that cluster peculiar velocity statistics applied to foreseeable surveys will put significant constraints on fundamental cosmological parameters. We consider three statistical quantities that can be constructed from a cluster peculiar velocity catalog: the probability density function, the mean pairwise streaming velocity, and the pairwise velocity dispersion. These quantities are applied to an envisioned data set which measures line-of-sight cluster velocities with normal errors of 100 km/s for all clusters with masses larger than $10^{14}$ solar masses over a sky area of up to 5000 square degrees. A simple Fisher matrix analysis of this survey shows that the normalization of the matter power spectrum and the dark energy equation of state can be constrained to better than 10 percent, and the Hubble constant and the primordial power spectrum index can be constrained to a few percent, independent of any other cosmological observations. We also find that the current constraint on the power spectrum normalization can be improved by more than a factor of two using data from a 400 square degree survey and WMAP third-year priors. We also show how the constraints on cosmological parameters changes if cluster velocities are measured with normal errors of 300 km/s.
(Limiting the greenhouse effect)
Rayner, S.
1991-01-07T23:59:59.000Z
Traveler attended the Dahlem Research Conference organized by the Freien Universitat, Berlin. The subject of the conference was Limiting the Greenhouse Effect: Options for Controlling Atmospheric CO{sub 2} Accumulation. Like all Dahlem workshops, this was a meeting of scientific experts, although the disciplines represented were broader than usual, ranging across anthropology, economics, international relations, forestry, engineering, and atmospheric chemistry. Participation by scientists from developing countries was limited. The conference was divided into four multidisciplinary working groups. Traveler acted as moderator for Group 3 which examined the question What knowledge is required to tackle the principal social and institutional barriers to reducing CO{sub 2} emissions'' The working rapporteur was Jesse Ausubel of Rockefeller University. Other working groups examined the economic costs, benefits, and technical feasibility of options to reduce emissions per unit of energy service; the options for reducing energy use per unit of GNP; and the significant of linkage between strategies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions and other goals. Draft reports of the working groups are appended. Overall, the conference identified a number of important research needs in all four areas. It may prove particularly important in bringing the social and institutional research needs relevant to climate change closer to the forefront of the scientific and policy communities than hitherto.
Caldwell, R.R.; Linder, Eric V.
2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
We present evidence that the simplest particle-physics scalar-field models of dynamical dark energy can be separated into distinct behaviors based on the acceleration or deceleration of the field as it evolves down its potential towards a zero minimum. We show that these models occupy narrow regions in the phase-plane of w and w', the dark energy equation-of-state and its time-derivative in units of the Hubble time. Restricting an energy scale of the dark energy microphysics limits how closely a scalar field can resemble a cosmological constant. These results, indicating a desired measurement resolution of order \\sigma(w')\\approx (1+w), define firm targets for observational tests of the physics of dark energy.
Far-Infrared ISO Limits on Dust Disks around Millisecond Pulsars
T. J. W. Lazio; J. Fischer; R. S. Foster
2001-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
We report 60 and 90 micron observations of 7 millisecond pulsars with the ISOPHOT instrument and describe our analysis procedures. No pulsars were detected, and typical (3\\sigma) upper limits are 150 mJy. We combine our results with others in the literature and use them to place constraints on the existence of protoplanetary or dust disks around millisecond pulsars.
Limits on the integration constant of the dark radiation term in Brane Cosmology
A. S. Al-Rawaf
2005-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the constraints from primordial Helium abundances on the constant of integration of the dark radiation term of the brane-world generalized Friedmann equation derived from the Randall-Sundrum Single brane model. We found that -- using simple, approximate and semianalytical Method -- that the constant of integration is limited to be between -8.9 and 2.2 which limits the possible contribution from dark radiation term to be approximately between -27% to 7% of the background photon energy density.
Glass Composition Constraint Recommendations for Use in Life-Cycle Mission Modeling
McCloy, John S.; Vienna, John D.
2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z
The component concentration limits that most influence the predicted Hanford life-cycle HLW glass volume by HTWOS were re-evaluated. It was assumed that additional research and development work in glass formulation and melter testing would be performed to improve the understanding of component effects on the processability and product quality of these HLW glasses. Recommendations were made to better estimate the potential component concentration limits that could be applied today while technology development is underway to best estimate the volume of HLW glass that will eventually be produced at Hanford. The limits for concentrations of P2O5, Bi2O3, and SO3 were evaluated along with the constraint used to avoid nepheline formation in glass. Recommended concentration limits were made based on the current HLW glass property models being used by HTWOS (Vienna et al. 2009). These revised limits are: 1) The current ND should be augmented by the OB limit of OB ? 0.575 so that either the normalized silica (NSi) is less that the 62% limit or the OB is below the 0.575 limit. 2) The mass fraction of P2O5 limit should be revised to allow for up to 4.5 wt%, depending on CaO concentrations. 3) A Bi2O3 concentration limit of 7 wt% should be used. 4) The salt accumulation limit of 0.5 wt% SO3 may be increased to 0.6 wt%. Again, these revised limits do not obviate the need for further testing, but make it possible to more accurately predict the impact of that testing on ultimate HLW glass volumes.
Constraints on the induced gravitational wave background from primordial black holes
Bugaev, Edgar; Klimai, Peter [Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary Prospect 7a, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)
2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We perform a consistent calculation of primordial black hole (PBH) mass spectrum and second-order induced gravitational wave (GW) background produced from primordial scalar perturbations in radiation era of the early Universe. It is shown that the maximal amplitudes of the second-order GW spectrum that can be approached without conflicting with the PBH data do not depend significantly on the shape of primordial perturbation spectrum. The constraints on the GW background obtained in previous works are extended to a wider GW frequency range. We discuss the applicability of the currently available pulsar timing limits for obtaining the constraints on scalar power spectrum and PBH abundance and show that they can be used for strongly constraining the PBH number density in the PBH mass range {approx}(0.03-10)M{sub {center_dot}}.
Updated Constraints on General Squark Flavor Mixing
Arana-Catania, M; Herrero, M J
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the phenomenological implications on non-minimal flavor violating (NMFV) processes from squark flavor mixing within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We work under the model-independent hypothesis of general flavor mixing in the squark sector, being parametrized by a complete set of dimensionless delta^AB_ij (A,B = L, R; i,j = u, c, t or d, s, b) parameters. The present upper bounds on the most relevant NMFV processes, together with the requirement of compatibility in the choice of the MSSM parameters with the recent LHC and g-2 data, lead to updated constraints on all squark flavor mixing parameters.
Nonlinear constraints on gravity from entanglement
Shamik Banerjee; Apratim Kaviraj; Aninda Sinha
2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
Using the positivity of relative entropy arising from the Ryu-Takayanagi formula for spherical entangling surfaces, we obtain constraints at the nonlinear level for the gravitational dual. We calculate the Green's function necessary to compute the first order correction to the entangling surface and use this to find the relative entropy for non-constant stress tensors in a derivative expansion. We show that the Einstein value satisfies the positivity condition while the multi-dimensional parameter space away from it gets constrained.
Constraints on secret neutrino interactions after Planck
Forastieri, Francesco; Natoli, Paolo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(Abridged) Neutrino interactions beyond the standard model may affect the cosmological evolution and can be constrained through observations. We consider the possibility that neutrinos possess secret scalar or pseudoscalar interactions mediated by the Nambu-Goldstone boson of a still unknown spontaneously broken global $U(1)$ symmetry, as in, e.g. , Majoron models. In such scenarios, neutrinos still decouple at $T\\simeq 1$ MeV, but become tightly coupled again ('recouple') at later stages of the cosmological evolution. We use available observations of CMB anisotropies, including Planck 2013 and the joint BICEP2/Planck 2015 data, to derive constraints on the quantity $\\gamma_{\
Constraints on secret neutrino interactions after Planck
Francesco Forastieri; Massimiliano Lattanzi; Paolo Natoli
2015-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
(Abridged) Neutrino interactions beyond the standard model may affect the cosmological evolution and can be constrained through observations. We consider the possibility that neutrinos possess secret scalar or pseudoscalar interactions mediated by the Nambu-Goldstone boson of a still unknown spontaneously broken global $U(1)$ symmetry, as in, e.g. , Majoron models. In such scenarios, neutrinos still decouple at $T\\simeq 1$ MeV, but become tightly coupled again ('recouple') at later stages of the cosmological evolution. We use available observations of CMB anisotropies, including Planck 2013 and the joint BICEP2/Planck 2015 data, to derive constraints on the quantity $\\gamma_{\
Mackworth, Alan K.
-binary classic con- straint satisfaction problems (CSPs). Based on the Semiring CSP and Valued CSP frameworks CSP, probabilistic CSP, max CSP, and weighted CSP. This extension is based on an idempotent satisfaction problem (CSP), local consistency can be characterized as deriving new constraints based on local
COMMENTARY:Limits to adaptation
Preston, Benjamin L [ORNL
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An actor-centered, risk-based approach to defining limits to social adaptation provides a useful analytic framing for identifying and anticipating these limits and informing debates over society s responses to climate change.
Timber Products Equipment Services MarketPlace
of The Idea Circle. As of mid December, eight companies have provided a nonbinding intent with the group. Half The Bemidji plant, the largest of all at 500,000 square feet, was purchased by a group called The Idea Circle-minded businesses together to reduce costs while increasing a competitive edge. The group has lost no time
Marketplace Opportunities for Integration of Biobased and
Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 7 2. Volumes and key performance attributes of conventional oil based plastics. used in key -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 9-10 - Bio based/ compostable plastics conventional plastics market targets----------------------------------------- 10-14 - Polystyrene targeted market size
NCAI 70th Annual Convention and Marketplace
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Experience six days of educational breakout sessions, discussions, events, and cultural celebrations, all organized with the purpose of engaging Indian Country in the National Congress of American...
Attachment F Marketplace Prohibited Items November 2014
. Â· Alcohol (ethyl alcohol [ethanol] & denatured) Â· Alcoholic Beverages Â· Artwork (paintings, pictures, office
GE's Digital Marketplace to Revolutionize Manufacturing | GE...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
when the product is in use. The digital thread is the seamless flow of data across the product lifecycle. Today, very little data is transferred from end to end of the...
Reputation Systems in Labor and Advertising Marketplaces
Daltayanni, Maria
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Aly et. al. [7] build a web-scale user modeling platform forConference on World Wide Web, WWW ’07, pages 261–270, New2008 International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining,
Green academy helps researchers enter the marketplace
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Before wading into the green energy sector, there are crucial things every budding entrepreneur should know: think like an investor, know your customer, and prove your research is going to solve a problem. To the business-savvy this advice may seem obvious, but for the academic-minded attending the Green Technology Entrepreneurship Academy, these nuggets are priceless. “We give scientists the language of commercialization,” says Andrew Hargadon, a founder of the academy and faculty director at the Center for Entrepreneurship at the University of California, Davis. “We help them translate their own research into commercial terms, and - at the same time - give them a network of investors, entrepreneurs, utilities, and other major companies to work with.”
Transitioning Los Alamos technology into the marketplace
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2, 2003Tool ofTopoCarbon| DepartmentTransitioning Los
Geothermal Direct Use Technology and the Marketplace
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaefer To: Congestion StudyForecasting.Energy InDOE Geothermal Technologies
Planck constraints on holographic dark energy
Li, Miao; Zhang, Zhenhui [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Li, Xiao-Dong [Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Hoegiro 87, Dongdaemun-Gu, Seoul 130-722 (Korea, Republic of); Ma, Yin-Zhe [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, V6T 1Z1, BC Canada (Canada); Zhang, Xin, E-mail: mli@itp.ac.cn, E-mail: xiaodongli@kias.re.kr, E-mail: mayinzhe@phas.ubc.ca, E-mail: zhangxin@mail.neu.edu.cn, E-mail: zhangzhh@itp.ac.cn [College of Sciences, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004 (China)
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We perform a detailed investigation on the cosmological constraints on the holographic dark energy (HDE) model by using the Plank data. We find that HDE can provide a good fit to the Plank high-l (l ?> 40) temperature power spectrum, while the discrepancy at l ? 20-40 found in the ?CDM model remains unsolved in the HDE model. The Plank data alone can lead to strong and reliable constraint on the HDE parameter c. At the 68% confidence level (CL), we obtain c = 0.508 ± 0.207 with Plank+WP+lensing, favoring the present phantom behavior of HDE at the more than 2? CL. By combining Plank+WP with the external astrophysical data sets, i.e. the BAO measurements from 6dFGS+SDSS DR7(R)+BOSS DR9, the direct Hubble constant measurement result (H{sub 0} = 73.8 ± 2.4 kms{sup ?1}Mpc{sup ?1}) from the HST, the SNLS3 supernovae data set, and Union2.1 supernovae data set, we get the 68% CL constraint results c = 0.484 ± 0.070, 0.474 ± 0.049, 0.594 ± 0.051, and 0.642 ± 0.066, respectively. The constraints can be improved by 2%-15% if we further add the Plank lensing data into the analysis. Compared with the WMAP-9 results, the Plank results reduce the error by 30%-60%, and prefer a phantom-like HDE at higher significant level. We also investigate the tension between different data sets. We find no evident tension when we combine Plank data with BAO and HST. Especially, we find that the strong correlation between ?{sub m}h{sup 3} and dark energy parameters is helpful in relieving the tension between the Plank and HST measurements. The residual value of ?{sup 2}{sub Plank+WP+HST}??{sup 2}{sub Plank+WP} is 7.8 in the ?CDM model, and is reduced to 1.0 or 0.3 if we switch the dark energy to w model or the holographic model. When we introduce supernovae data sets into the analysis, some tension appears. We find that the SNLS3 data set is in tension with all other data sets; for example, for the Plank+WP, WMAP-9 and BAO+HST, the corresponding ??{sup 2} is equal to 6.4, 3.5 and 4.1, respectively. As a comparison, the Union2.1 data set is consistent with these three data sets, but the combination Union2.1+BAO+HST is in tension with Plank+WP+lensing, corresponding to a large ??{sup 2} that is equal to 8.6 (1.4% probability). Thus, combining internal inconsistent data sets (SNIa+BAO+HST with Plank+WP+lensing) can lead to ambiguous results, and it is necessary to perform the HDE data analysis for each independent data sets. Our tightest self-consistent constraint is c = 0.495 ± 0.039 obtained from Plank+WP+BAO+HST+lensing.
Curvature perturbation spectra from waterfall transition, black hole constraints and non-Gaussianity
Bugaev, Edgar; Klimai, Peter, E-mail: bugaev@pcbai10.inr.ruhep.ru, E-mail: pklimai@gmail.com [Institute for Nuclear Research, Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary Prospect 7a, 117312 Moscow (Russian Federation)
2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We carried out numerical calculations of a contribution of the waterfall field to the primordial curvature perturbation (on uniform density hypersurfaces) ?, which is produced during waterfall transition in hybrid inflation scenario. The calculation is performed for a broad interval of values of the model parameters. We show that there is a strong growth of amplitudes of the curvature perturbation spectrum in the limit when the bare mass-squared of the waterfall field becomes comparable with the square of Hubble parameter. We show that in this limit the primordial black hole constraints on the curvature perturbations must be taken into account. It is shown that, in the same limit, peak values of the curvature perturbation spectra are far beyond horizon, and the spectra are strongly non-Gaussian.
Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction
Gardner, Susan; Latimer, David C.
2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects: the real part yields dispersive effects in propagation, and the imaginary part yields such in attenuation. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of gamma-ray bursts to limit the charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter to |{var_epsilon}|/M < 1.8 x 10{sup -5} eV{sup -1} at 95% CL.
Dark Matter Constraints from a Cosmic Index of Refraction
S. Gardner; D. C. Latimer
2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z
The dark-matter candidates of particle physics invariably possess electromagnetic interactions, if only via quantum fluctuations. Taken en masse, dark matter can thus engender an index of refraction which deviates from its vacuum value. Its presence is signaled through frequency-dependent effects in the propagation and attenuation of light. We discuss theoretical constraints on the expansion of the index of refraction with frequency, the physical interpretation of the terms, and the particular observations needed to isolate its coefficients. This, with the advent of new opportunities to view gamma-ray bursts at cosmological distance scales, gives us a new probe of dark matter and a new possibility for its direct detection. As a first application we use the time delay determined from radio afterglow observations of distant gamma-ray bursts to realize a direct limit on the electric-charge-to-mass ratio of dark matter of |varepsilon|/M < 1 x 10^{-5} eV^{-1} at 95% CL.
Potential Fusion Market for Hydrogen Production Under Environmental Constraints
Konishi, Satoshi [Kyoto University (Japan)
2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Potential future hydrogen market and possible applications of fusion were analyzed. Hydrogen is expected as a major energy and fuel mediun for the future, and various processes for hydrogen production can be considered as candidates for the use of fusion energy. In order to significantly contribute to reduction of CO{sub 2} emission, fusion must be deployed in developing countries, and must substitute fossil based energy with synthetic fuel such as hydrogen. Hydrogen production processes will have to evaluated and compared from the aspects of energy efficiency and CO{sub 2} emission. Fusion can provide high temperature heat that is suitable for vapor electrolysis, thermo-chemical water decomposition and steam reforming with biomass waste. That is a possible advantage of fusion over renewables and Light water power reactor. Despite of its technical difficulty, fusion is also expected to have less limitation for siting location in the developing countries. Under environmental constraints, fusion has a chance to be a major primary energy source, and production of hydrogen enhances its contribution, while in 'business as usual', fusion will not be selected in the market. Thus if fusion is to be largely used in the future, meeting socio-economic requirements would be important.
Control problems with mixed constraints and application to an ...
2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
Abstract We discuss two optimal control problems of parabolic equations, with mixed state and control constraints, for which the standard qualification condition
Consistent Query Answering Of Conjunctive Queries Under Primary Key Constraints
Pema, Enela
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Queries and Primary Key Constraints . . . . . . . . . .of Employee w.r.t. the primary key SSN ? {name, salary} . .query answering under primary keys: a characterization of
A Taxonomy of Constraints in Simulation-Based Optimization
Sébastien Le Digabel
2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
May 28, 2015 ... A Taxonomy of Constraints in Simulation-Based Optimization. Sébastien Le Digabel(sebastien.le.digabel ***at*** gerad.ca) Stefan M. Wild(wild ...
Boolean Satisfiability with Transitivity Constraints Randal E. Bryant
Bryant, Randal E.
Boolean Satisfiability with Transitivity Constraints Randal E. Bryant ¡ and Miroslav N. Velev ¢ £ Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA Randy.Bryant@cs.cmu.edu¤ Electrical
A Taxonomy of Constraints in Simulation-Based Optimization
2015-05-28T23:59:59.000Z
(e.g., hidden constraints) for a historical perspective, and we illustrate the use of ..... Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Process Design and Development, 6 (
Neurophenomenological Constraints and Pushing Back the Subjectivity Barrier
MacLennan, Bruce
Neurophenomenological Constraints and Pushing Back the Subjectivity Barrier Extended commentary inversions), without appealing to weak arguments based on basic color categories; that is, I suggest
animal productivity constraints: Topics by E-print Network
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invariance with an elementary Higgs doublet implies that they also contribute to Higgs boson production at the LHC and we study the corresponding constraints that can be placed...
Constraints on absolute neutrino Majorana mass from current data
Huang, Yanqi
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present new constraints on the neutrino Majorana masses from the current data of neutrinoless double beta decay and neutrino flavour mixing. With the latest results of $0\
Optimization Online - A cone-continuity constraint qualification and ...
Roberto Andreani
2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 13, 2015 ... A cone-continuity constraint qualification and algorithmic consequences. Roberto Andreani(andreani ***at*** ime.unicamp.br) Jose Mario ...
Towards an Optimal Approach to Soft Constraint Problems
Ward, Karen
these constraints. In this case, it is desirable to find a design that satisfies a given finite set of inequality/equality
Optimization Online - Control problems with mixed constraints and ...
J. Fr d ric Bonnans
2009-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 4, 2009 ... ... mixed constraints and application to an optimal investment problem ... of a control entering linearly in the state equation and cost function, we ...
Constraints On The Mechanism Of Long-Term, Steady Subsidence...
constraints are unavailable, or if only vertical deformation is known. The deformation source must be capable of causing broad vertical deformation with comparatively smaller...
Optimization Online - A Constraint-Reduced Algorithm for ...
Sungwoo Park
2015-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
May 21, 2015 ... Park and O'Leary proposed a constraint-reduced predictor-corrector algorithm for semidefinite programming with polynomial global ...
A Constraint-reduced Algorithm for Semidefinite Optimization ...
2015-06-02T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 2, 2015 ... More recently, Park and O'Leary [26, 27] developed a constraint- reduced predictor-corrector IPM for SDP and proved its polynomial global ...
Threshold Boolean Form for Joint Probabilistic Constraints with ...
2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
probabilistic constraint with random technology matrix that ensures that the r inequalities TT i x ? di ...... Families of Problem Instances (|?|, p,r,|J|,U). Average
Tractable counterparts of distributionally robust constraints on risk ...
Krzysztof Postek
2014-05-22T23:59:59.000Z
May 22, 2014 ... Abstract: In this paper we study distributionally robust constraints on risk measures (such as standard deviation less the mean, Conditional ...
Limits on New Physics from Black Holes
Clifford Cheung; Stefan Leichenauer
2014-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
Black holes emit high energy particles which induce a finite density potential for any scalar field $\\phi$ coupling to the emitted quanta. Due to energetic considerations, $\\phi$ evolves locally to minimize the effective masses of the outgoing states. In theories where $\\phi$ resides at a metastable minimum, this effect can drive $\\phi$ over its potential barrier and classically catalyze the decay of the vacuum. Because this is not a tunneling process, the decay rate is not exponentially suppressed and a single black hole in our past light cone may be sufficient to activate the decay. Moreover, decaying black holes radiate at ever higher temperatures, so they eventually probe the full spectrum of particles coupling to $\\phi$. We present a detailed analysis of vacuum decay catalyzed by a single particle, as well as by a black hole. The former is possible provided large couplings or a weak potential barrier. In contrast, the latter occurs much more easily and places new stringent limits on theories with hierarchical spectra. Finally, we comment on how these constraints apply to the standard model and its extensions, e.g. metastable supersymmetry breaking.
New Constraints on General Slepton Flavor Mixing
Arana-Catania, M; Herrero, M J
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We explore the phenomenological implications on charged lepton flavor violating (LFV) processes from slepton flavor mixing within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We work under the model-independent hypothesis of general flavor mixing in the slepton sector, being parametrized by a complete set of dimensionless delta^AB_ij (A,B = L,R; i,j = 1, 2, 3) parameters. The present upper bounds on the most relevant LFV processes, together with the requirement of compatibility in the choice of the MSSM parameters with the recent LHC and (g-2) data, lead to updated constraints on all slepton flavor mixing parameters. A comparative discussion of the most effective LFV processes to constrain the various generation mixings is included.
Observational constraints on braneworld chaotic inflation
Andrew R Liddle; Anthony J Smith
2003-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
We examine observational constraints on chaotic inflation models in the Randall-Sundrum Type II braneworld. If inflation takes place in the high-energy regime, the perturbations produced by the quadratic potential are further from scale-invariance than in the standard cosmology, in the quartic case more or less unchanged, while for potentials of greater exponent the trend is reversed. We test these predictions against a data compilation including the WMAP measurements of microwave anisotropies and the 2dF galaxy power spectrum. While in the standard cosmology the quartic potential is at the border of what the data allow and all higher powers excluded, we find that in the high-energy regime of braneworld inflation even the quadratic case is under strong observational pressure. We also investigate the intermediate regime where the brane tension is comparable to the inflationary energy scale, where the deviations from scale-invariance prove to be greater.
Constraints on topological order in Mott Insulators
Michael P. Zaletel; Ashvin Vishwanath
2015-04-18T23:59:59.000Z
We point out certain symmetry induced constraints on topological order in Mott Insulators (quantum magnets with an odd number of spin $\\tfrac{1}{2}$ per unit cell). We show, for example, that the double semion topological order is incompatible with time reversal and translation symmetry in Mott insulators. This sharpens the Hastings-Oshikawa-Lieb-Schultz-Mattis theorem for 2D quantum magnets, which guarantees that a fully symmetric gapped Mott insulator must be topologically ordered, but is silent on which topological order is permitted. An application of our result is the Kagome lattice quantum antiferromagnet where recent numerical calculations of entanglement entropy indicate a ground state compatible with either toric code or double semion topological order. Our result rules out the latter possibility.
Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Å kesson, P. F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Bailey, I.; Barberio, E.
2004-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
PHYSICAL REVIEW D 70, 032005 ~2004!Constraints on anomalous quartic gauge boson couplings from nn¯ gg and qq¯gg events at CERN LEP2 G. Abbiendi,2 C. Ainsley,5 P. F. Åkesson,3,v G. Alexander,21 J. Allison,15 P. Amaral,8 G. Anagnostou,1 K. J. Anderson..., the ratio of the observ expectation is R(data/SM)50.9260.0760.04, where tainties respectively. The nn¯gg and qq¯gg data are use couplings. Combining with previous OPAL results fr limits on the anomalous coupling parameters a0 Z , ac Z ,0.023 GeV22, 20.029 Ge...
Optimal Control of a Continuous Distillation Process under Probabilistic Constraints
Henrion, René
Optimal Control of a Continuous Distillation Process under Probabilistic Constraints René Henrion1 Universität Berlin, Germany Abstract A continuous distillation process with random inflow rate is considered model including the dynamics of the distillation process and proba- bilistic constraints under different
Solving Necklace Constraint Problems Pierre Flener and Justin Pearson 1
Flener, Pierre
getting an essentially different solution. We bring together the fields of combinatorial enumeration in [16]. A constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) is a triplet X, D, C , where X is a sequence of n-structure of the CSP and we say that the CSP has rotation variable symmetry. If the constraint set C has a domain D
The complexity of recursive constraint satisfaction Victor W. Marek
Marek, Victor W.
to the problem must satisfy. As such, CSP has a very long history, essentially reaching to the beginning equivalent results about the complexity of the problem of finding a solution to a recursive CSP problem. 1 Introduction Constraint Programming and, more specifically, Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP
accelerator energy constraints: Topics by E-print Network
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energy constraints First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Constraints on the Acceleration of...
Constraint methods for neural networks and computer graphics
Platt, J.C.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Both computer graphics and neural networks are related, in that they model natural phenomena. Physically-based models are used by computer graphics researchers to create realistic, natural animation, and neural models are used by neural network researchers to create new algorithms or new circuits. To exploit successfully these graphical and neural models, engineers want models that fulfill designer-specified goals. These goals are converted into mathematical constraints. This thesis presents constraint methods for computer graphics and neural networks. The mathematical constraint methods modify the differential equations that govern the neural or physically-based models. The constraint methods gradually enforce the constraints exactly. This thesis also described application of constrained models to real problems. The first half of this theses discusses constrained neural networks. The desired models and goals are often converted into constrained optimization problems. These optimization problems are solved using first-order differential equations. The applications of constrained neural networks include the creation of constrained circuits, error-correcting codes, symmetric edge detection for computer vision, and heuristics for the traveling salesman problem. The second half of this thesis discusses constrained computer graphics models. In computer graphics, the desired models and goals become constrained mechanical systems, which are typically simulated with second-order differential equations. The Penalty Method adds springs to the mechanical system to penalize violations of the constraints. Rate Controlled Constraints add forces and impulses to the mechanical system to fulfill the constraints with critically damped motion.
Supplementary Materials (ID: 0290) Section 1: Auxilary Variables and Constraints
Lau, W. H. Nynson
segment label assignment indicator mentioned above. The equivalent linear constraints are ti,j k hk constraints required for the selected nodes and edges to form a connected graph. In Mixed Integer Programming, some auxiliary variables are defined to capture certain events (i.e., a particular assignment to all
liquid nberwp.tex Liquidity Constraints and Precautionary Saving
Niebur, Ernst
liquid nberwp.tex Liquidity Constraints and Precautionary Saving Christopher D. Carroll ccarroll to the optimal consumption/saving problem under uncertainty have long known that there are quantitatively important in- teractions between liquidity constraints and precautionary saving behavior. This paper
Phase Retrieval for Fresnel Measurements Using a Shearlet Sparsity Constraint
Plonka, Gerlind
Phase Retrieval for Fresnel Measurements Using a Shearlet Sparsity Constraint Stefan Loock Gerlind Plonka March 25, 2014 Abstract We consider the problem of phase retrieval in the Fresnel regime be used for phase reconstruction with Fresnel data. As it turns out, the shearlet sparsity constraint
Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming
Gilbert, David
Transient Analysis of Linear Circuits using Constraint Logic Programming Archana Shankar, David London EC1V 0HB, UK Abstract This paper describes the design of a transient analysis program for linear circuits and its implementation in a Constraint Logic Programming language, CLP(R). The transient analysis
A Simultaneous Constraint on the Amplitude and Gaussianity of Mass Fluctuations in the Universe
James Robinson; Eric Gawiser; Joseph Silk
1998-05-13T23:59:59.000Z
We consider constraints on the amplitude of mass fluctuations in the universe, sigma_8, derived from two simple observations: the present number density of clusters and the amplitude of their correlation function. Allowing for the possibility that the primordial fluctuations are non-gaussian introduces a degeneracy in the value of sigma_8 preferred by each of these constraints. However, when the constraints are taken together this degeneracy is broken, yielding a precise determination of sigma_8 and the degree of non-gaussianity for a given background cosmology. For a flat, Omega_m=1 universe with a power spectrum parameterized by a CDM shape parameter Gamma=0.2, we find that the perturbations are consistent with a gaussian distribution with sigma_8=0.49(+0.08-0.07) (95% limits). For some popular choices of background model, including the favored low matter density models, the hypothesis that the primordial fluctuations are gaussian is ruled out with a high degree of confidence.
The Transition to Experiencing: I. Limited Learning and Limited Experiencing
Indiana University
The Transition to Experiencing: I. Limited Learning and Limited Experiencing Simona Ginsburg route for the transition from sensory processing to unlimited experiencing, or basic consciousness. We the transition. We believe that the raw mate- rial from which feelings were molded by natural selection
Limit theory for overfit models
Calhoun, Grayson Ford
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
theory. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.2 Asymptotic Theory and Main Results . . . . . . . . .Chapter 2 Limit theory for comparing over?t models out-of-
Bhashyam, Srikrishna
System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Srikrishna) feedback #12;System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect
China's Coal: Demand, Constraints, and Externalities
Aden, Nathaniel; Fridley, David; Zheng, Nina
2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
This study analyzes China's coal industry by focusing on four related areas. First, data are reviewed to identify the major drivers of historical and future coal demand. Second, resource constraints and transport bottlenecks are analyzed to evaluate demand and growth scenarios. The third area assesses the physical requirements of substituting coal demand growth with other primary energy forms. Finally, the study examines the carbon- and environmental implications of China's past and future coal consumption. There are three sections that address these areas by identifying particular characteristics of China's coal industry, quantifying factors driving demand, and analyzing supply scenarios: (1) reviews the range of Chinese and international estimates of remaining coal reserves and resources as well as key characteristics of China's coal industry including historical production, resource requirements, and prices; (2) quantifies the largest drivers of coal usage to produce a bottom-up reference projection of 2025 coal demand; and (3) analyzes coal supply constraints, substitution options, and environmental externalities. Finally, the last section presents conclusions on the role of coal in China's ongoing energy and economic development. China has been, is, and will continue to be a coal-powered economy. In 2007 Chinese coal production contained more energy than total Middle Eastern oil production. The rapid growth of coal demand after 2001 created supply strains and bottlenecks that raise questions about sustainability. Urbanization, heavy industrial growth, and increasing per-capita income are the primary interrelated drivers of rising coal usage. In 2007, the power sector, iron and steel, and cement production accounted for 66% of coal consumption. Power generation is becoming more efficient, but even extensive roll-out of the highest efficiency units would save only 14% of projected 2025 coal demand for the power sector. A new wedge of future coal consumption is likely to come from the burgeoning coal-liquefaction and chemicals industries. If coal to chemicals capacity reaches 70 million tonnes and coal-to-liquids capacity reaches 60 million tonnes, coal feedstock requirements would add an additional 450 million tonnes by 2025. Even with more efficient growth among these drivers, China's annual coal demand is expected to reach 3.9 to 4.3 billion tonnes by 2025. Central government support for nuclear and renewable energy has not reversed China's growing dependence on coal for primary energy. Substitution is a matter of scale: offsetting one year of recent coal demand growth of 200 million tonnes would require 107 billion cubic meters of natural gas (compared to 2007 growth of 13 BCM), 48 GW of nuclear (compared to 2007 growth of 2 GW), or 86 GW of hydropower capacity (compared to 2007 growth of 16 GW). Ongoing dependence on coal reduces China's ability to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions growth. If coal demand remains on a high growth path, carbon dioxide emissions from coal combustion alone would exceed total US energy-related carbon emissions by 2010. Within China's coal-dominated energy system, domestic transportation has emerged as the largest bottleneck for coal industry growth and is likely to remain a constraint to further expansion. China has a low proportion of high-quality reserves, but is producing its best coal first. Declining quality will further strain production and transport capacity. Furthermore, transporting coal to users has overloaded the train system and dramatically increased truck use, raising transportation oil demand. Growing international imports have helped to offset domestic transport bottlenecks. In the long term, import demand is likely to exceed 200 million tonnes by 2025, significantly impacting regional markets.
FUEL CASK IMPACT LIMITER VULNERABILITIES
Leduc, D; Jeffery England, J; Roy Rothermel, R
2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z
Cylindrical fuel casks often have impact limiters surrounding just the ends of the cask shaft in a typical 'dumbbell' arrangement. The primary purpose of these impact limiters is to absorb energy to reduce loads on the cask structure during impacts associated with a severe accident. Impact limiters are also credited in many packages with protecting closure seals and maintaining lower peak temperatures during fire events. For this credit to be taken in safety analyses, the impact limiter attachment system must be shown to retain the impact limiter following Normal Conditions of Transport (NCT) and Hypothetical Accident Conditions (HAC) impacts. Large casks are often certified by analysis only because of the costs associated with testing. Therefore, some cask impact limiter attachment systems have not been tested in real impacts. A recent structural analysis of the T-3 Spent Fuel Containment Cask found problems with the design of the impact limiter attachment system. Assumptions in the original Safety Analysis for Packaging (SARP) concerning the loading in the attachment bolts were found to be inaccurate in certain drop orientations. This paper documents the lessons learned and their applicability to impact limiter attachment system designs.
Performance Limits for Cherenkov Instruments
W. Hofmann
2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z
The performance of Cherenkov instruments for the detection of very high energy gamma rays is ultimately limited by the fluctuations in the development of air showers. With particular emphasis on the angular resolution, the ultimate performance limits are investigated on the basis of simulations.
Congressional Request Limiting the Magnitude
as goals? Target: limit U.S. GHG emissions (e.g., national emission budget, or percent reduction) What is a reasonable share of U.S. emission reductions relative to the global targets? What is the implied emissions on atmospheric GHG concentrations? Target: limit atmospheric GHG concentrations (e.g., 450, 550 ppm CO2,eq) How
Complexity and Algorithms for Two-Stage Flexible Flowshop Scheduling with Availability Constraints
Xie, Jinxing
Complexity and Algorithms for Two-Stage Flexible Flowshop Scheduling with Availability Constraints problem with availability constraints. We discuss the complexity and the approximability of the problem cases of the problem. Keywords: Scheduling; Flexible flowshop; Availability constraints; Approximability
Planck 2015. XX. Constraints on inflation
Ade, P A R; Arnaud, M; Arroja, F; Ashdown, M; Aumont, J; Baccigalupi, C; Ballardini, M; Banday, A J; Barreiro, R B; Bartolo, N; Battaner, E; Benabed, K; Benoit, A; Benoit-Levy, A; Bernard, J -P; Bersanelli, M; Bielewicz, P; Bonaldi, A; Bonavera, L; Bond, J R; Borrill, J; Bouchet, F R; Boulanger, F; Bucher, M; Burigana, C; Butler, R C; Calabrese, E; Cardoso, J -F; Catalano, A; Challinor, A; Chamballu, A; Chary, R -R; Chiang, H C; Christensen, P R; Church, S; Clements, D L; Colombi, S; Colombo, L P L; Combet, C; Contreras, D; Couchot, F; Coulais, A; Crill, B P; Curto, A; Cuttaia, F; Danese, L; Davies, R D; Davis, R J; de Bernardis, P; de Rosa, A; de Zotti, G; Delabrouille, J; Desert, F -X; Diego, J M; Dole, H; Donzelli, S; Dore, O; Douspis, M; Ducout, A; Dupac, X; Efstathiou, G; Elsner, F; Ensslin, T A; Eriksen, H K; Fergusson, J; Finelli, F; Forni, O; Frailis, M; Fraisse, A A; Franceschi, E; Frejsel, A; Frolov, A; Galeotta, S; Galli, S; Ganga, K; Gauthier, C; Giard, M; Giraud-Heraud, Y; Gjerlow, E; Gonzalez-Nuevo, J; Gorski, K M; Gratton, S; Gregorio, A; Gruppuso, A; Gudmundsson, J E; Hamann, J; Handley, W; Hansen, F K; Hanson, D; Harrison, D L; Henrot-Versille, S; Hernandez-Monteagudo, C; Herranz, D; Hildebrandt, S R; Hivon, E; Hobson, M; Holmes, W A; Hornstrup, A; Hovest, W; Huang, Z; Huffenberger, K M; Hurier, G; Jaffe, A H; Jaffe, T R; Jones, W C; Juvela, M; Keihanen, E; Keskitalo, R; Kim, J; Kisner, T S; Kneissl, R; Knoche, J; Kunz, M; Kurki-Suonio, H; Lagache, G; Lahteenmaki, A; Lamarre, J -M; Lasenby, A; Lattanzi, M; Lawrence, C R; Leonardi, R; Lesgourgues, J; Levrier, F; Lewis, A; Liguori, M; Lilje, P B; Linden-Vornle, M; Lopez-Caniego, M; Lubin, P M; Ma, Y -Z; Macias-Perez, J F; Maggio, G; Maino, D; Mandolesi, N; Mangilli, A; Martin, P G; Martinez-Gonzalez, E; Masi, S; Matarrese, S; Mazzotta, P; McGehee, P; Meinhold, P R; Melchiorri, A; Mendes, L; Mennella, A; Migliaccio, M; Mitra, S; Miville-Deschenes, M -A; Molinari, D; Moneti, A; Montier, L; Morgante, G; Mortlock, D; Moss, A; Munchmeyer, M; Munshi, D; Murphy, J A; Naselsky, P; Nati, F; Natoli, P; Netterfield, C B; Norgaard-Nielsen, H U; Noviello, F; Novikov, D; Novikov, I; Oxborrow, C A; Paci, F; Pagano, L; Pajot, F; Paladini, R; Pandolfi, S; Paoletti, D; Pasian, F; Patanchon, G; Pearson, T J; Peiris, H V; Perdereau, O; Perotto, L; Perrotta, F; Pettorino, V; Piacentini, F; Piat, M; Pierpaoli, E; Pietrobon, D; Plaszczynski, S; Pointecouteau, E; Polenta, G; Popa, L; Pratt, G W; Prezeau, G; Prunet, S; Puget, J -L; Rachen, J P; Reach, W T; Rebolo, R; Reinecke, M; Remazeilles, M; Renault, C; Renzi, A; Ristorcelli, I; Rocha, G; Rosset, C; Rossetti, M; Roudier, G; Rowan-Robinson, M; Rubino-Martin, J A; Rusholme, B; Sandri, M; Santos, D; Savelainen, M; Savini, G; Scott, D; Seiffert, M D; Shellard, E P S; Shiraishi, M; Spencer, L D; Stolyarov, V; Stompor, R; Sudiwala, R; Sunyaev, R; Sutton, D; Suur-Uski, A -S; Sygnet, J -F; Tauber, J A; Terenzi, L; Toffolatti, L; Tomasi, M; Tristram, M; Trombetti, T; Tucci, M; Tuovinen, J; Valenziano, L; Valiviita, J; Van Tent, B; Vielva, P; Villa, F; Wade, L A; Wandelt, B D; Wehus, I K; White, M; Yvon, D; Zacchei, A; Zibin, J P; Zonca, A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the implications for cosmic inflation of the Planck measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies in both temperature and polarization based on the full Planck survey. The Planck full mission temperature data and a first release of polarization data on large angular scales measure the spectral index of curvature perturbations to be $n_\\mathrm{s} = 0.968 \\pm 0.006$ and tightly constrain its scale dependence to $d n_s/d \\ln k =-0.003 \\pm 0.007$ when combined with the Planck lensing likelihood. When the high-$\\ell$ polarization data is included, the results are consistent and uncertainties are reduced. The upper bound on the tensor-to-scalar ratio is $r_{0.002} < 0.11$ (95% CL), consistent with the B-mode polarization constraint $r< 0.12$ (95% CL) obtained from a joint BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck analysis. These results imply that $V(\\phi) \\propto \\phi^2$ and natural inflation are now disfavoured compared to models predicting a smaller tensor-to-scalar ratio, such as $R^2$ ...
Observational constraints on Visser's cosmological model
Alves, M. E. S.; Araujo, J. C. N. de; Miranda, O. D.; Wuensche, C. A. [INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - Divisao de Astrofisica, Av.dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, 12227-010 SP (Brazil); Carvalho, F. C. [INPE - Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais - Divisao de Astrofisica, Av.dos Astronautas 1758, Sao Jose dos Campos, 12227-010 SP (Brazil); UERN - Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Mossoro, 59610-210, RN (Brazil); Santos, E. M. [UFRJ - Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 21945-970, RJ (Brazil)
2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Theories of gravity for which gravitons can be treated as massive particles have presently been studied as realistic modifications of general relativity, and can be tested with cosmological observations. In this work, we study the ability of a recently proposed theory with massive gravitons, the so-called Visser theory, to explain the measurements of luminosity distance from the Union2 compilation, the most recent Type-Ia Supernovae (SNe Ia) data set, adopting the current ratio of the total density of nonrelativistic matter to the critical density ({Omega}{sub m}) as a free parameter. We also combine the SNe Ia data with constraints from baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) and cosmic microwave background (CMB) measurements. We find that, for the allowed interval of values for {Omega}{sub m}, a model based on Visser's theory can produce an accelerated expansion period without any dark energy component, but the combined analysis (SNe Ia+BAO+CMB) shows that the model is disfavored when compared with the {Lambda}CDM model.
Curvature constraints from the causal entropic principle
Bozek, Brandon; Albrecht, Andreas; Phillips, Daniel [Physics Department, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616-8677 (United States)
2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Current cosmological observations indicate a preference for a cosmological constant that is drastically smaller than what can be explained by conventional particle physics. The causal entropic principle (Bousso et al.) provides an alternative approach to anthropic attempts to predict our observed value of the cosmological constant by calculating the entropy created within a causal diamond. We have extended this work to use the causal entropic principle to predict the preferred curvature within the 'multiverse'. We have found that values larger than {rho}{sub k}=40{rho}{sub m} are disfavored by more than 99.99% peak value at {rho}{sub {lambda}}=7.9x10{sup -123} and {rho}{sub k}=4.3{rho}{sub m} for open universes. For universes that allow only positive curvature or both positive and negative curvature, we find a correlation between curvature and dark energy that leads to an extended region of preferred values. Our universe is found to be disfavored to an extent depending on the priors on curvature. We also provide a comparison to previous anthropic constraints on open universes and discuss future directions for this work.
Constraints on cosmic strings from the LIGO-Virgo gravitational-wave detectors
J. Aasi; J. Abadie; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; T. Abbott; M. R. Abernathy; T. Accadia; F. Acernese; C. Adams; T. Adams; R. X. Adhikari; C. Affeldt; M. Agathos; N. Aggarwal; O. D. Aguiar; P. Ajith; B. Allen; A. Allocca; E. Amador Ceron; D. Amariutei; R. A. Anderson; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; K. Arai; M. C. Araya; C. Arceneaux; J. Areeda; S. Ast; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; L. Austin; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. T. Baker; G. Ballardin; S. W. Ballmer; J. C. Barayoga; D. Barker; S. H. Barnum; F. Barone; B. Barr; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; A. Basti; J. Batch; J. Bauchrowitz; Th. S. Bauer; M. Bebronne; B. Behnke; M. Bejger; M. G. Beker; A. S. Bell; C. Bell; I. Belopolski; G. Bergmann; J. M. Berliner; D. Bersanetti; A. Bertolini; D. Bessis; J. Betzwieser; P. T. Beyersdorf; T. Bhadbhade; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; E. Black; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; D. Blair; M. Blom; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; M. Boer; C. Bogan; C. Bond; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; S. Bose; L. Bosi; J. Bowers; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; M. Branchesi; C. A. Brannen; J. E. Brau; J. Breyer; T. Briant; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; M. Britzger; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; D. D. Brown; F. Brückner; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; R. L. Byer; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; J. Calderón Bustillo; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; P. Campsie; K. C. Cannon; B. Canuel; J. Cao; C. D. Capano; F. Carbognani; L. Carbone; S. Caride; A. Castiglia; S. Caudill; M. Cavagliá; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; R. Chakraborty; T. Chalermsongsak; S. Chao; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; X. Chen; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; H. S. Cho; J. Chow; N. Christensen; Q. Chu; S. S. Y. Chua; S. Chung; G. Ciani; F. Clara; D. E. Clark; J. A. Clark; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; A. Colla; M. Colombini; M. Constancio Jr.; A. Conte; R. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; M. Cordier; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. W. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; S. Countryman; P. Couvares; D. M. Coward; M. Cowart; D. C. Coyne; K. Craig; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; S. G. Crowder; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; K. Dahl; T. Dal Canton; M. Damjanic; S. L. Danilishin; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; V. Dattilo; B. Daudert; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. S. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; T. Dayanga; R. De Rosa; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; W. Del Pozzo; E. Deleeuw; S. Deléglise; T. Denker; T. Dent; H. Dereli; V. Dergachev; R. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; A. Di Virgilio; M. Díaz; A. Dietz; K. Dmitry; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Doravari; M. Drago; R. W. P. Drever; J. C. Driggers; Z. Du; J. -C. Dumas; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; M. Edwards; A. Effler; P. Ehrens; J. Eichholz; S. S. Eikenberry; G. Endröczi; R. Essick; T. Etzel; K. Evans; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; Q. Fang; S. Farinon; B. Farr; W. Farr; M. Favata; D. Fazi; H. Fehrmann; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; F. Ferrini; F. Fidecaro; L. S. Finn; I. Fiori; R. Fisher; R. Flaminio; E. Foley; S. Foley; E. Forsi; N. Fotopoulos; J. -D. Fournier; S. Franco; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; M. Frede; M. Frei; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; M. -K. Fujimoto; P. Fulda; M. Fyffe; J. Gair; L. Gammaitoni; J. Garcia; F. Garufi; N. Gehrels; G. Gemme; E. Genin; A. Gennai; L. Gergely; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; S. Giampanis; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; S. Gil-Casanova; C. Gill; J. Gleason; E. Goetz; R. Goetz; L. Gondan; G. González; N. Gordon; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Gossan; S. Goßler; R. Gouaty; C. Graef; P. B. Graff; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; C. Griffo; P. Groot; H. Grote; K. Grover; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. Guido; K. E. Gushwa; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; B. Hall; E. Hall; D. Hammer; G. Hammond; M. Hanke; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; J. Hanson; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; E. D. Harstad; M. T. Hartman; K. Haughian; K. Hayama; J. Heefner; A. Heidmann; M. Heintze; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; G. Hemming; M. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; M. Heurs; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; K. Holt; M. Holtrop; T. Hong; S. Hooper; T. Horrom; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. J. Howell; Y. Hu; Z. Hua; V. Huang; E. A. Huerta; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; M. Huynh; T. Huynh-Dinh; J. Iafrate; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; T. Isogai; A. Ivanov; B. R. Iyer; K. Izumi; M. Jacobson; E. James; H. Jang; Y. J. Jang; P. Jaranowski; F. Jiménez-Forteza; W. W. Johnson; D. Jones; D. I. Jones; R. Jones; R. J. G. Jonker; L. Ju; Haris K; P. Kalmus; V. Kalogera; S. Kandhasamy; G. Kang; J. B. Kanner; M. Kasprzack; R. Kasturi; E. Katsavounidis; W. Katzman; H. Kaufer; K. Kaufman; K. Kawabe; S. Kawamura; F. Kawazoe
2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
Cosmic strings can give rise to a large variety of interesting astrophysical phenomena. Among them, powerful bursts of gravitational waves (GWs) produced by cusps are a promising observational signature. In this Letter we present a search for GWs from cosmic string cusps in data collected by the LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave detectors between 2005 and 2010, with over 625 days of live time. We find no evidence of GW signals from cosmic strings. From this result, we derive new constraints on cosmic string parameters, which complement and improve existing limits from previous searches for a stochastic background of GWs from cosmic microwave background measurements and pulsar timing data. In particular, if the size of loops is given by the gravitational backreaction scale, we place upper limits on the string tension $G\\mu$ below $10^{-8}$ in some regions of the cosmic string parameter space.
Constraints on Light Pseudoscalars Implied by Tests of the Gravitational Inverse-Square Law
Ephraim Fischbach; Dennis E. Krause
1999-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
The exchange of light pseudoscalars between fermions leads to a spin-independent potential in order g^4, where g is the Yukawa pseudoscalar-fermion coupling constant. This potential gives rise to detectable violations of both the weak equivalence principle (WEP) and the gravitational inverse-square law (ISL), even if g is quite small. We show that when previously derived WEP constraints are combined with those arisingfrom ISL tests, a direct experimental limit on the Yukawa coupling of light pseudoscalars to neutrons can be inferred for the first time (g_n^2/4pi < 1.6 \\times 10^-7), along with a new (and significantly improved) limit on the coupling of light pseudoscalars to protons.
Confined disclinations: exterior vs material constraints in developable thin elastic sheets
Efi Efrati; Luka Pocivavsek; Ruben Meza; Ka Yee C. Lee; Thomas A. Witten
2014-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the shape change of a thin disk with an inserted wedge of material when it is pushed against a plane, using analytical, numerical and experimental methods. Such sheets occur in packaging, surgery and nanotechnology. We approximate the sheet as having vanishing strain, so that it takes a conical form in which straight generators converge to a disclination singularity. Then its shape is that which minimizes elastic bending energy alone. Real sheets are expected to approach this limiting shape as their thickness approaches zero. The planar constraint forces a sector of the sheet to buckle into the third dimension. We find that the unbuckled sector is precisely semicircular, independent of the angle $\\delta$ of the inserted wedge. We generalize the analysis to include conical as well as planar constraints and thereby establish a law of corresponding states for shallow cones of slope $\\epsilon$ and thin wedges. In this regime the single parameter $\\delta/\\epsilon^2$ determines the shape. We discuss the singular limit in which the cone becomes a plane. We discuss the unexpected slow convergence to the semicircular buckling seen experimentally.
Constraints on primordial non-Gaussianity from large scale structure probes
Xia, Jun-Qing; Baccigalupi, Carlo [Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste (Italy); Matarrese, Sabino [Dipartimento di Fisica ''G. Galilei'', Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Verde, Licia [ICREA (Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats) and Instituto de Ciencias del Cosmos, (ICC-UB-IEEC) Universidad de Barcelona, Marti i Franques 1, 08028, Barcelona (Spain); Viel, Matteo, E-mail: xia@sissa.it, E-mail: bacci@sissa.it, E-mail: sabino.matarrese@pd.infn.it, E-mail: liciaverde@icc.ub.edu, E-mail: viel@oats.inaf.it [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Via G.B. Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste (Italy)
2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we measure the angular power spectra C{sub l} of three high-redshift large-scale structure probes: the radio sources from the NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS), the quasar catalogue of Sloan Digital Sky Survey Release Six (SDSS DR6 QSOs) and the MegaZ-LRG (DR7), the final SDSS II Luminous Red Galaxy (LRG) photometric redshift survey. We perform a global analysis of the constraints on the amplitude of primordial non-Gaussianity from these angular power spectra, as well as from their cross-correlation power spectra with the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature map. In particular, we include non-Gaussianity of the type arising from single-field slow roll, multifields, curvaton (local type), and those which effects on the halo clustering can be described by the equilateral template (related to higher-order derivative type non-Gaussianity) and by the enfolded template (related to modified initial state or higher-derivative interactions). When combining all data sets, we obtain limits of f{sub NL} = 48±20, f{sub NL} = 50±265 and f{sub NL} = 183±95 at 68% confidence level for local, equilateral and enfolded templates, respectively. Furthermore, we explore the constraint on the cubic correction g{sub NL}?{sup 3} on the bias of dark matter haloes and obtain a limit of ?1.2 × 10{sup 5} < g{sub NL} < 11.3 × 10{sup 5} at 95% confidence level.
Constraint damping in the Z4 formulation and harmonic gauge
Carsten Gundlach; Jose M. Martin-Garcia; Gioel Calabrese; Ian Hinder
2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
We show that by adding suitable lower-order terms to the Z4 formulation of the Einstein equations, all constraint violations except constant modes are damped. This makes the Z4 formulation a particularly simple example of a lambda-system as suggested by Brodbeck et al. We also show that the Einstein equations in harmonic coordinates can be obtained from the Z4 formulation by a change of variables that leaves the implied constraint evolution system unchanged. Therefore the same method can be used to damp all constraints in the Einstein equations in harmonic gauge.
Realtime Constraint-Based Cinematography for Complex Interactive 3D Worlds
Lester, James C.
Realtime Constraint-Based Cinematography for Complex Interactive 3D Worlds William H. Bares, creates cinematic goals for a constraint- based realtime 3D virtual cinematography plan- ner
Axion Stars in the Infrared Limit
Joshua Eby; Peter Suranyi; Cenalo Vaz; L. C. R. Wijewardhana
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
Following Ruffini and Bonazzola, we use a quantized boson field to describe condensates of axions forming compact objects. Without substantial modifications, the method can only be applied to axions with decay constant, $f_a$, satisfying $\\delta=(f_a\\,/\\,M_P)^2\\ll 1$, where $M_P$ is the Planck mass. Similarly, the applicability of the Ruffini-Bonazzola method to axion stars also requires that the relative binding energy of axions satisfies $\\Delta=\\sqrt{1-(E_a\\,/\\,m_a)^2}\\ll1$, where $E_a$ and $m_a$ are the energy and mass of the axion. The simultaneous expansion of the equations of motion in $\\delta$ and $\\Delta$ leads to a simplified set of equations, depending only on the parameter, $\\lambda=\\sqrt{\\delta}\\,/\\,\\Delta$ in leading order of the expansions. Keeping leading order in $\\Delta$ is equivalent to the infrared limit, in which only relevant and marginal terms contribute to the equations of motion. The number of axions in the star is uniquely determined by $\\lambda$. Numerical solutions are found in a wide range of $\\lambda$. At small $\\lambda$ the mass and radius of the axion star rise linearly with $\\lambda$. While at larger $\\lambda$ the radius of the star continues to rise, the mass of the star, $M$, attains a maximum at $\\lambda_{\\rm max}\\simeq 0.58$. All stars are unstable for $\\lambda>\\lambda_{\\rm max}$ . We discuss the relationship of our results to current observational constraints on dark matter and the phenomenology of Fast Radio Bursts.
Chluba, Jens; Erickcek, Adrienne L.; Ben-Dayan, Ido, E-mail: jchluba@cita.utoronto.ca [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H8 (Canada)
2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
In the early universe, energy stored in small-scale density perturbations is quickly dissipated by Silk damping, a process that inevitably generates {mu}- and y-type spectral distortions of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). These spectral distortions depend on the shape and amplitude of the primordial power spectrum at wavenumbers k {approx}< 10{sup 4} Mpc{sup -1}. Here, we study constraints on the primordial power spectrum derived from COBE/FIRAS and forecasted for PIXIE. We show that measurements of {mu} and y impose strong bounds on the integrated small-scale power, and we demonstrate how to compute these constraints using k-space window functions that account for the effects of thermalization and dissipation physics. We show that COBE/FIRAS places a robust upper limit on the amplitude of the small-scale power spectrum. This limit is about three orders of magnitude stronger than the one derived from primordial black holes in the same scale range. Furthermore, this limit could be improved by another three orders of magnitude with PIXIE, potentially opening up a new window to early universe physics. To illustrate the power of these constraints, we consider several generic models for the small-scale power spectrum predicted by different inflation scenarios, including running-mass inflation models and inflation scenarios with episodes of particle production. PIXIE could place very tight constraints on these scenarios, potentially even ruling out running-mass inflation models if no distortion is detected. We also show that inflation models with sub-Planckian field excursion that generate detectable tensor perturbations should simultaneously produce a large CMB spectral distortion, a link that could potentially be established with PIXIE.
Passive fault current limiting device
Evans, Daniel J. (Wheeling, IL); Cha, Yung S. (Darien, IL)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A passive current limiting device and isolator is particularly adapted for use at high power levels for limiting excessive currents in a circuit in a fault condition such as an electrical short. The current limiting device comprises a magnetic core wound with two magnetically opposed, parallel connected coils of copper, a high temperature superconductor or other electrically conducting material, and a fault element connected in series with one of the coils. Under normal operating conditions, the magnetic flux density produced by the two coils cancel each other. Under a fault condition, the fault element is triggered to cause an imbalance in the magnetic flux density between the two coils which results in an increase in the impedance in the coils. While the fault element may be a separate current limiter, switch, fuse, bimetal strip or the like, it preferably is a superconductor current limiter conducting one-half of the current load compared to the same limiter wired to carry the total current of the circuit. The major voltage during a fault condition is in the coils wound on the common core in a preferred embodiment.
Passive fault current limiting device
Evans, D.J.; Cha, Y.S.
1999-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
A passive current limiting device and isolator is particularly adapted for use at high power levels for limiting excessive currents in a circuit in a fault condition such as an electrical short. The current limiting device comprises a magnetic core wound with two magnetically opposed, parallel connected coils of copper, a high temperature superconductor or other electrically conducting material, and a fault element connected in series with one of the coils. Under normal operating conditions, the magnetic flux density produced by the two coils cancel each other. Under a fault condition, the fault element is triggered to cause an imbalance in the magnetic flux density between the two coils which results in an increase in the impedance in the coils. While the fault element may be a separate current limiter, switch, fuse, bimetal strip or the like, it preferably is a superconductor current limiter conducting one-half of the current load compared to the same limiter wired to carry the total current of the circuit. The major voltage during a fault condition is in the coils wound on the common core in a preferred embodiment. 6 figs.
Examining Chinese Non-cruisers' Images and Constraints towards Cruising
Zou, Suiwen
2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
of cruising. Among the seven tested hypotheses, five of them were supported and two were rejected by the data. The results showed that: 1) images of cruising were negatively correlated with cruising constraints; 2) images of cruising had positive effects...
Data Structures for Generalised Arc Consistency for Extensional Constraints
St Andrews, University of
the extensional representation remains the most effective way to model a facet of a problem it is essential and structured problems. 2 Background The finite-domain constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) consists of
Optimization of Simple Tabular Reduction for Table Constraints
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
to any solution. It is an essential com- ponent of the Maintaining Arc Consistency (MAC) algorithm, which is commonly used to solve binary instances of the Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP). It is also
Toward the Synthesis of Constraint Solvers Douglas R. Smith
Smith, Douglas R.
Toward the Synthesis of Constraint Solvers Douglas R. Smith Stephen J. Westfold Kestrel Institute Palo Alto, CA 94304 {smith,westfold}@kestrel.edu 2 November 2013 Abstract We develop a basic
Modelling and solving the stable marriage problem using constraint programming
Manlove, D.F.
Manlove,D.F. O'Malley,G. Proceedings of the Fifth Workshop on Modelling and Solving Problems with Constraints, held at the 19th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2005) pp 10-17
Supporting Collaboration through Semantic-based Work and Constraint Solving
Chen-Burger, Y-H; Hui, K-Y; Preece, A.D; Gray, P.M.D; Tate, Austin
This paper describes our efforts to provide a collaborative problem solving architecture driven by semantic-based workflow orchestration and constraint problem solving. These technologies are based on shared ontologies ...
Essays on Bank Optimal Portfolio Choice under Liquidity Constraint
Kim, Eul Jin
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
portfolio choices under liquidity constraints. Our theory predicts that liquidation plays an important role in a bank's portfolio model. Even though liquidation is an off-equilibrium phenomenon, banks can have rich loan portfolios due to the possibility...
argentina geochemical constraints: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
on the age and provenance of the Rocas Verdes basin fill, Tierra del Fuego, Argentina Geosciences Websites Summary: U-Pb zircon constraints on the age and provenance of...
Nonlinear equality constraints in feasible sequential quadratic programming
Lawrence, C.; Tits, A.
1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this talk we show that convergence of a feasible sequential quadratic programming algorithm modified to handle smooth nonlinear equality constraints. The modification of the algorithm to incorporate equality constraints is based on a scheme proposed by Mayne and Polak and is implemented in fsqp/cfsqp, an optimization package that generates feasible iterates. Nonlinear equality constraints are treated as {open_quotes}{<=}-type constraints to be satisfied by all iterates, thus precluding any positive value, and an exact penalty term is added to the objective function which penalizes negative values. For example, the problem minimize f(x) s.t. h(x) = 0, with h(x) a scalar, is replaced by minimize f(x) - ch(x) s.t. h(x) {<=} 0. The modified problem is equivalent to the original problem when c is large enough (but finite). Such a value is determined automatically via iterative adjustments.
A Constraint-Reduced Variant of Mehrotra's Predictor-Corrector ...
2010-09-07T23:59:59.000Z
methods for solving the linear systems and assuming a dense constraint matrix A, ... †Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Institute for Systems ... ‡Applied Mathematics and Scientific Computing Program, University of ...
Introduction to Constraint Programming: Tuning the search with Comet
Larrosa, Javier
of Llenguatges i Sistemes Inform`atics Universitat Polit`ecnica de Catalunya Barcelona, Spain larrosa general-purpose solving strategy is the hybridization between depth-first search and constraint
Motion Planning for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Resource Constraints
Sundar, Kaarthik
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are currently used in several surveillance applications to monitor a set of targets and collect relevant data. One of the main constraints that characterize a small UAV is the maximum amount of fuel the vehicle...
Learning with Online Constraints: Shifting Concepts and Active Learning
Monteleoni, Claire E.
2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many practical problems such as forecasting, real-time decisionmaking, streaming data applications, and resource-constrainedlearning, can be modeled as learning with online constraints. Thisthesis is concerned with analyzing ...
Learning with online constraints : shifting concepts and active learning
Monteleoni, Claire E. (Claire Elizabeth), 1975-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many practical problems such as forecasting, real-time decision making, streaming data applications, and resource-constrained learning, can be modeled as learning with online constraints. This thesis is concerned with ...
Stochastic constraints for vision-aided inertial navigation
Diel, David D., 1979-
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis describes a new method to improve inertial navigation using feature-based constraints from one or more video cameras. The proposed method lengthens the period of time during which a human or vehicle can navigate ...
Optimization With Parity Constraints: From Binary Codes to Discrete Integration
Bejerano, Gill
Optimization With Parity Constraints: From Binary Codes to Discrete Integration Stefano Ermon guarantees on the quality of the solution found. Markov Chain Monte Carlo [17, 21, 32] and Importance
Motion Planning for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles with Resource Constraints
Sundar, Kaarthik
2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
Small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) are currently used in several surveillance applications to monitor a set of targets and collect relevant data. One of the main constraints that characterize a small UAV is the maximum amount of fuel the vehicle...
Effective software testing with a string-constraint solver
Kie?un, Adam
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation presents techniques and tools for improving software reliability, by using an expressive string-constraint solver to make implementation-based testing more effective and more applicable. Concolic testing ...
A note on unbounded on/off constraints
H. Hijazi, L. Liberti
2014-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
a NICTA - 7 London Circuit - Canberra ACT 2601 Australia ... This note presents a theoretical analysis of disjunctive constraints featuring ... In mixed-integer linear programming, years of research have been devoted to study disjunctive.
Unparticle Effects on Unitarity Constraints from Higgs Boson Scattering
Xiao-Gang He; Chung-Cheng Wen
2008-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
We study the effects of two-body Higgs boson scattering by exchanging unpsrticles. The unparticle contribution can change the standard model prediction for two-body Higgs boson scattering partial wave amplitude significantly leading to modification of the unitarity constraint on the standard model Higgs boson mass. For unparticle dimension $d_\\U$ between 1 and 2, the unitarity constraint on Higgs boson mass can be larger than that in the SM. Information on unparticle interaction can also be obtained.
Solar system constraints on f(G) gravity models
Antonio De Felice; Shinji Tsujikawa
2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss solar system constraints on f(G) gravity models, where f is a function of the Gauss-Bonnet term G. We focus on cosmologically viable f(G) models that can be responsible for late-time cosmic acceleration. These models generally give rise to corrections of the form epsilon*(r/rs)^p to the vacuum Schwarzschild solution, where epsilon = H^2 rs^2 solar system constraints for a wide range of model parameters.
A class of nonholonomic kinematic constraints in elasticity
Joris Vankerschaver
2007-03-12T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a first example of a simple classical field theory with nonholonomic constraints. Our model is a straightforward modification of a Cosserat rod. Based on a mechanical analogy, we argue that the constraint forces should be modeled in a special way, and we show how such a procedure can be naturally implemented in the framework of geometric field theory. Finally, we derive the equations of motion and we propose a geometric integration scheme for the dynamics of a simplified model.
Page 1 of 14 UNSW Foundation Limited
New South Wales, University of
, Coca-Cola Amatil Limited and Ingeus Limited. David is Chairman of the National E-Health Transition
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cn SunnybankD.jpgHanford LEED&soilASTI-SORTIHealthHealth EffectsInsurance
Comparing Usability of One-Way and Multi-Way Constraints for Diagram Editing
Marriott, Kimbal
efficient constraint solving techniques for interactive graphical applications [Badros 2000; Hower and Graf
CSPs and complexity An instance of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) consists of a set of
Zhao, Yuxiao
CSPs and complexity An instance of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) consists of a set to the variables in a way so that all constraints are (simultaneously) satisfied. The general CSP is NP-complete. However, when the CSP is restricted to a fixed constraint language (a set of allowed constraint
Scattering resonances as viscosity limits
Maciej Zworski
2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
Using the method of complex scaling we show that scattering resonances of $ - \\Delta + V $, $ V \\in L^\\infty_{\\rm{c}} ( \\mathbb R^n ) $, are limits of eigenvalues of $ - \\Delta + V - i \\epsilon x^2 $ as $ \\epsilon \\to 0+ $. That justifies a method proposed in computational chemistry and reflects a general principle for resonances in other settings.
Venkatasubramanian, Mani V.
Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Distributed Energy and Electricty Reliability
NUCLEAR CONSTRAINTS ON PROPERTIES OF NEUTRON STAR CRUSTS
Xu Jun; Chen Liewen; Ma Hongru [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Li Baoan [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce, TX 75429-3011 (United States)], E-mail: xujun@comp.tamu.edu, E-mail: hrma@sjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: lwchen@sjtu.edu.cn, E-mail: Bao-An_Li@tamu-commerce.edu
2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The transition density {rho} {sub t} and pressure P{sub t} at the inner edge separating the liquid core from the solid crust of neutron stars are systematically studied using a modified Gogny (MDI) and 51 popular Skyrme interactions within well established dynamical and thermodynamical methods. First of all, it is shown that the widely used parabolic approximation to the full equation of state (EOS) of isospin asymmetric nuclear matter may lead to huge errors in estimating the transition density and pressure, especially for stiffer symmetry energy functionals E {sub sym}({rho}), compared to calculations using the full EOS within both the dynamical and thermodynamical methods mainly because of the energy curvatures involved. Thus, fine details of the EOS of asymmetric nuclear matter are important for locating accurately the inner edge of the neutron star crust. Second, the transition density and pressure decrease roughly linearly with increasing slope parameter L of E {sub sym}({rho}) at normal nuclear matter density using the full EOS within both the dynamical and thermodynamical methods. It is also shown that the thickness, fractional mass, and moment of inertia of the neutron star crust are all very sensitive to the parameter L through the transition density {rho} {sub t} whether one uses the full EOS or its parabolic approximation. Moreover, it is shown that E {sub sym}({rho}) constrained in the same subsaturation density range as the neutron star crust by the isospin diffusion data in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies limits the transition density and pressure to 0.040 fm{sup -3} {<=}{rho} {sub t} {<=} 0.065 fm{sup -3} and 0.01 MeV fm{sup -3} {<=}P{sub t} {<=} 0.26 MeV fm{sup -3}, respectively. These constrained values for the transition density and pressure are significantly lower than their fiducial values currently used in the literature. Furthermore, the mass-radius relation and several other properties closely related to the neutron star crust are studied by using the MDI interaction. It is found that the newly constrained {rho} {sub t} and P{sub t} together with the earlier estimate of {delta}I/I>0.014 for the crustal fraction of the moment of inertia of the Vela pulsar impose a more stringent constraint of R {>=} 4.7 + 4.0M/M {sub sun} km for the radius R and mass M of neutron stars compared to previous studies in the literature.
Tractable hypergraph properties for constraint satisfaction and conjunctive queries
Marx, Dániel
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An important question in the study of constraint satisfaction problems (CSP) is understanding how the graph or hypergraph describing the incidence structure of the constraints influences the complexity of the problem. For binary CSP instances (i.e., where each constraint involves only two variables), the situation is well understood: the complexity of the problem essentially depends on the treewidth of the graph of the constraints. However, this is not the correct answer if constraints with unbounded number of variables are allowed, and in particular, for CSP instances arising from query evaluation problems in database theory. Formally, if H is a class of hypergraphs, then let CSP(H) be CSP restricted to instances whose hypergraph is in H. Our goal is to characterize those classes of hypergraphs for which CSP(H) is polynomial-time solvable or fixed-parameter tractable, parameterized by the number of variables. Note that in the applications related to database query evaluation, we usually assume that the numbe...
PAPER-64 Constraints On Reionization II: The Temperature Of The z=8.4 Intergalactic Medium
Pober, Jonathan C; Parsons, Aaron R; McQuinn, Matthew; Aguirre, James E; Bernardi, Gianni; Bradley, Richard F; Carilli, Chris L; Cheng, Carina; DeBoer, David R; Dexter, Matthew R; Furlanetto, Steven R; Grobbelaar, Jasper; Horrell, Jasper; Jacobs, Daniel C; Klima, Patricia J; Kohn, Saul A; Liu, Adrian; MacMahon, David H E; Maree, Matthys; Mesinger, Andrei; Moore, David F; Razavi-Ghods, Nima; Stefan, Irina I; Walbrugh, William P; Walker, Andre; Zheng, Haoxuan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present constraints on both the kinetic temperature of the intergalactic medium (IGM) at z=8.4, and on models for heating the IGM at high-redshift with X-ray emission from the first collapsed objects. These constraints are derived using a semi-analytic method to explore the new measurements of the 21 cm power spectrum from the Donald C. Backer Precision Array for Probing the Epoch of Reionization (PAPER), which were presented in a companion paper, Ali et al. (2015). Twenty-one cm power spectra with amplitudes of hundreds of mK^2 can be generically produced if the kinetic temperature of the IGM is significantly below the temperature of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB); as such, the new results from PAPER place lower limits on the IGM temperature at z=8.4. Allowing for the unknown ionization state of the IGM, our measurements find the IGM temperature to be above ~5 K for neutral fractions between 10% and 85%, above ~7 K for neutral fractions between 15% and 80%, or above ~10 K for neutral fractions betw...
CONSTRAINTS ON AXION-LIKE PARTICLES FROM X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF THE HYDRA GALAXY CLUSTER
Wouters, Denis; Brun, Pierre, E-mail: denis.wouters@cea.fr, E-mail: pierre.brun@cea.fr [CEA, Irfu, Centre de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
Axion-like particles (ALPs) belong to a class of new pseudoscalar particles that generically couple to photons, opening the possibility of oscillations from photons into ALPs in an external magnetic field. Having witnessed the turbulence of their magnetic fields, these oscillations are expected to imprint irregularities on a limited energy range of the spectrum of astrophysical sources. In this study, Chandra observations of the Hydra galaxy cluster are used to constrain the value of the coupling of ALPs to photons. We consider the conversion of X-ray photons from the central source Hydra A in the magnetic field of the cluster. The magnetic field strength and structure are well determined observationally, which adds to the robustness of the analysis. The absence of anomalous irregularities in the X-ray spectrum of Hydra A conservatively provides the most competitive constraints on the coupling constant for ALP masses below 7 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -12} eV at the level of g{sub {gamma}a} < 8.3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup -12} GeV{sup -1} at the 95% confidence level. Because of the specific phenomenology involved, these constraints actually hold more generally for very light pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone bosons.
Constraints on Very High Energy gamma-ray emission from Gamma-Ray Bursts
R. Atkins; W. Benbow; D. Berley; E. Blaufuss; D. G. Coyne; T. DeYoung; B. L. Dingus; D. E. Dorfan; R. W. Ellsworth; L. Fleysher; R. Fleysher; M. M. Gonzalez; J. A. Goodman; E. Hays; C. M. Hoffman; L. A. Kelley; C. P. Lansdell; J. T. Linnemann; J. E. McEnery; A. I. Mincer; M. F. Morales; P. Nemethy; D. Noyes; J. M. Ryan; F. W. Samuelson; P. M. Saz Parkinson; A. Shoup; G. Sinnis; A. J. Smith; G. W. Sullivan; D. A. Williams; M. E. Wilson; X. W. Xu; G. B. Yodh
2005-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
The Milagro gamma-ray observatory employs a water Cherenkov detector to observe extensive air showers produced by high energy particles interacting in the Earth's atmosphere. Milagro has a wide field of view and high duty cycle, monitoring the northern sky almost continuously in the 100 GeV to 100 TeV energy range. Milagro is, thus, uniquely capable of searching for very high-energy emission from gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) during the prompt emission phase. Detection of >100 GeV counterparts would place powerful constraints on GRB mechanisms. Twenty-five satellite-triggered GRBs occurred within the field of view of Milagro between January 2000 and December 2001. We have searched for counterparts to these GRBs and found no significant emission from any of the burst positions. Due to the absorption of high-energy gamma rays by the extragalactic background light, detections are only expected to be possible for redshifts less than ~0.5. Three of the GRBs studied have measured redshifts. GRB 010921 has a redshift low enough (0.45) to allow an upper limit on the fluence to place an observational constraint on potential GRB models.
A hybrid approach for the modal analysis of continuous systems with localized nonlinear constraints.
Brake, Matthew Robert
2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
The analysis of continuous systems with nonlinearities in their domain have previously been limited to either numerical approaches, or analytical methods that are constrained in the parameter space, boundary conditions, or order of the system. The present analysis develops a robust method for studying continuous systems with arbitrary boundary conditions and nonlinearities using the assumption that the nonlinear constraint can be modeled with a piecewise-linear force-deflection constitutive relationship. Under this assumption, a superposition method is used to generate homogeneous boundary conditions, and modal analysis is used to find the displacement of the system in each state of the piecewise-linear nonlinearity. In order to map across each nonlinearity in the piecewise-linear force-deflection profile, a variational calculus approach is taken that minimizes the L2 energy norm between the previous and current states. To illustrate this method, a leaf spring coupled with a connector pin immersed in a viscous fluid is modeled as a beam with a piecewise-linear constraint. From the results of the convergence and parameter studies, a high correlation between the finite-time Lyapunov exponents and the contact time per period of the excitation is observed. The parameter studies also indicate that when the system's parameters are changed in order to reduce the magnitude of the velocity impact between the leaf spring and connector pin, the extent of the regions over which a chaotic response is observed increases.
Summary of Dissolved Concentration Limits
Yueting Chen
2001-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
According to the Technical Work Plan titled Technical Work Plan for Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report for SR (CRWMS M&O 2000a), the purpose of this study is to perform abstractions on solubility limits of radioactive elements based on the process-level information and thermodynamic databases provided by Natural Environment Program Operations (NEPO) and Waste Package Operations (WPO). The scope of this analysis is to produce solubility limits as functions, distributions, or constants for all transported radioactive elements identified by the Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) radioisotope screening. Results from an expert elicitation for solubility limits of most radioactive elements were used in the previous Total System Performance Assessments (TSPAs). However, the elicitation conducted in 1993 does not meet the criteria set forth by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) due to lack of documentation and traceability (Kotra et al. 1996, Section 3). Therefore, at the Waste Form Abstraction Workshop held on February 2-4, 1999, at Albuquerque, New Mexico, the Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project (YMP) decided to develop geochemical models to study solubility for the proposed Monitored Geologic Repository. WPO/NEPO is to develop process-level solubility models, including review and compilation of relevant thermodynamic data. PAO's responsibility is to perform abstractions based on the process models and chemical conditions and to produce solubility distributions or response surfaces applicable to the proposed repository. The results of this analysis and conceptual model will feed the performance assessment for Total System Performance Assessment--Site Recommendation (TSPA-SR) and Total System Performance Assessment--License Application (TSPA-LA), and to the Waste Form Degradation Process Model Report section on concentration limits.
Fundamental Limits to Cellular Sensing
Pieter Rein ten Wolde; Nils B. Becker; Thomas E. Ouldridge; A. Mugler
2015-05-25T23:59:59.000Z
In recent years experiments have demonstrated that living cells can measure low chemical concentrations with high precision, and much progress has been made in understanding what sets the fundamental limit to the precision of chemical sensing. Chemical concentration measurements start with the binding of ligand molecules to receptor proteins, which is an inherently noisy process, especially at low concentrations. The signaling networks that transmit the information on the ligand concentration from the receptors into the cell have to filter this noise extrinsic to the cell as much as possible. These networks, however, are also stochastic in nature, which means that they will also add noise to the transmitted signal. In this review, we will first discuss how the diffusive transport and binding of ligand to the receptor sets the receptor correlation time, and then how downstream signaling pathways integrate the noise in the receptor state; we will discuss how the number of receptors, the receptor correlation time, and the effective integration time together set a fundamental limit on the precision of sensing. We then discuss how cells can remove the receptor noise while simultaneously suppressing the intrinsic noise in the signaling network. We describe why this mechanism of time integration requires three classes of resources---receptors and their integration time, readout molecules, energy---and how each resource class sets a fundamental sensing limit. We also briefly discuss the scheme of maximum-likelihood estimation, the role of receptor cooperativity, and how cellular copy protocols differ from canonical copy protocols typically considered in the computational literature, explaining why cellular sensing systems can never reach the Landauer limit on the optimal trade-off between accuracy and energetic cost.
Waste tank characterization sampling limits
Tusler, L.A.
1994-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
This document is a result of the Plant Implementation Team Investigation into delayed reporting of the exotherm in Tank 241-T-111 waste samples. The corrective actions identified are to have immediate notification of appropriate Tank Farm Operations Shift Management if analyses with potential safety impact exceed established levels. A procedure, WHC-IP-0842 Section 12.18, ``TWRS Approved Sampling and Data Analysis by Designated Laboratories`` (WHC 1994), has been established to require all tank waste sampling (including core, auger and supernate) and tank vapor samples be performed using this document. This document establishes levels for specified analysis that require notification of the appropriate shift manager. The following categories provide numerical values for analysis that may indicate that a tank is either outside the operating specification or should be evaluated for inclusion on a Watch List. The information given is intended to translate an operating limit such as heat load, expressed in Btu/hour, to an analysis related limit, in this case cesium-137 and strontium-90 concentrations. By using the values provided as safety flags, the analytical laboratory personnel can notify a shift manager that a tank is in potential violation of an operating limit or that a tank should be considered for inclusion on a Watch List. The shift manager can then take appropriate interim measures until a final determination is made by engineering personnel.
MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint
Vu, Mai
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We establish in closed-form the capacity and the optimal signaling scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information are considered: constant channel known at both the transmitter and receiver, and Rayleigh fading channel known only at the receiver. For the first case, the optimal signaling scheme is beamforming with the phases of the beam weights matched to the phases of the channel coefficients, but the amplitudes independent of the channel coefficients and dependent only on the constrained powers. For the second case, the optimal scheme is to send independent signals from the antennas with the constrained powers. In both cases, the capacity with per-antenna power constraint is usually less than that with sum power constraint.
Transition redshift in $f(T)$ cosmology and observational constraints
Capozziello, Salvatore; Saridakis, Emmanuel N
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extract constraints on the transition redshift $z_{tr}$, determining the onset of cosmic acceleration, predicted by an effective cosmographic construction, in the framework of $f(T)$ gravity. In particular, employing cosmography we obtain bounds on the viable $f(T)$ forms and their derivatives. Since this procedure is model independent, as long as the scalar curvature is fixed, we are able to determine intervals for $z_{tr}$. In this way we guarantee that the Solar-System constraints are preserved and moreover we extract bounds on the transition time and the free parameters of the scenario. We find that the transition redshifts predicted by $f(T)$ cosmology, although compatible with the standard $\\Lambda$CDM predictions, are slightly smaller. Finally, in order to obtain observational constraints on $f(T)$ cosmology, we perform a Monte Carlo fitting using supernova data, involving the most recent union 2.1 data set.
An alternative approach to solving the Hamiltonian constraint
Thomas W. Baumgarte
2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z
Solving Einstein's constraint equations for the construction of black hole initial data requires handling the black hole singularity. Typically, this is done either with the excision method, in which the black hole interior is excised from the numerical grid, or with the puncture method, in which the singular part of the conformal factor is expressed in terms of an analytical background solution, and the Hamiltonian constraint is then solved for a correction to the background solution that, usually, is assumed to be regular everywhere. We discuss an alternative approach in which the Hamiltonian constraint is solved for an inverse power of the conformal factor. This new function remains finite everywhere, so that this approach requires neither excision nor a split into background and correction. In particular, this method can be used without modification even when the correction to the conformal factor is singular itself. We demonstrate this feature for rotating black holes in the trumpet topology.
Properties and Applications of Programs with Monotone and Convex Constraints
Liu, L; 10.1613/jair.2009
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study properties of programs with monotone and convex constraints. We extend to these formalisms concepts and results from normal logic programming. They include the notions of strong and uniform equivalence with their characterizations, tight programs and Fages Lemma, program completion and loop formulas. Our results provide an abstract account of properties of some recent extensions of logic programming with aggregates, especially the formalism of lparse programs. They imply a method to compute stable models of lparse programs by means of off-the-shelf solvers of pseudo-boolean constraints, which is often much faster than the smodels system.
Gamma Ray Burst Constraints on Ultraviolet Lorentz Invariance Violation
Tina Kahniashvili; Grigol Gogoberidze; Bharat Ratra
2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We present a unified general formalism for ultraviolet Lorentz invariance violation (LV) testing through electromagnetic wave propagation, based on both dispersion and rotation measure data. This allows for a direct comparison of the efficacy of different data to constrain LV. As an example we study the signature of LV on the rotation of the polarization plane of $\\gamma$-rays from gamma ray bursts in a LV model. Here $\\gamma$-ray polarization data can provide a strong constraint on LV, 13 orders of magnitude more restrictive than a potential constraint from the rotation of the cosmic microwave background polarization proposed by Gamboa, L\\'{o}pez-Sarri\\'{o}n, and Polychronakos (2006).
Local Gravity Constraints and Power Law f(R) Theories
Yousef Bisabr
2010-05-31T23:59:59.000Z
There is a conformal equivalence between power law $f(R)$ theories and scalar field theories in which the scalar degree of freedom evolves under the action of an exponential potential function. In the scalar field representation there is a strong coupling of the scalar field with the matter sector due to the conformal transformation. We use chameleon mechanism to implement constraints on the potential function of the scalar field in order that the resulting model be in accord with Solar System experiments. Investigation of these constraints reveals that there may be no possibility to distinguish between a power law $f(R)$ function and the usual Einstein-Hilbert Lagrangian density.
Convex Hulls of Quadratically Parameterized Sets With Quadratic Constraints
Nie, Jiawang
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Let V be a semialgebraic set parameterized by quadratic polynomials over a quadratic set T. This paper studies semidefinite representation of its convex hull by projections of spectrahedra (defined by linear matrix inequalities). When T is defined by a single quadratic constraint, we prove that its convex hull is equal to the first order moment type semidefinite relaxation of $V$, up to taking closures. Similar results hold when every quadratic polynomial is homogeneous and T is defined by two homogeneous quadratic constraints,or V is defined by rational quadratic parameterizations.
Testing the bootstrap constraints in the strange sector
K. Semenov-Tian-Shansky; V. Vereshagin
2013-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper the bootstrap conditions that follow from the general postulates of effective scattering theory (EST) are checked in the strange sector. We construct the system of tree level bootstrap constraints for the renormalization prescriptions fixing the physical content of the theory. Then we perform the numerical testing of corresponding sum rules for the parameters of strange resonances. It is shown that, generally, the bootstrap constraints turn out consistent with presently known data on the strange resonance parameters. At the same time we point out few sum rules which cannot be saturated with modern data and discuss the possible reasons for such discrepancies.
Mechanical contact by constraints and split-based preconditioning
Dmitry Karpeyev; Derek Gaston; Jason Hales; Steven Novascone
2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
An accurate implementation of glued mechanical contact was developed in MOOSE based on its Constraint system. This approach results in a superior convergence of elastic structure problems, in particular in BISON. Adaptation of this technique to frictionless and frictional contact models is under way. Additionally, the improved convergence of elastic problems results from the application of the split-based preconditioners to constraint-based systems. This yields a substantial increase in the robustness of elastic solvers when the number of nodes in contact is increased and/or the mesh is refined.
Fine-structure constant constraints on Bekenstein-type models
P. M. M. Leal; C. J. A. P. Martins; L. B. Ventura
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Astrophysical tests of the stability of dimensionless fundamental couplings, such as the fine-structure constant $\\alpha$, are an area of much increased recent activity, following some indications of possible spacetime variations at the few parts per million level. Here we obtain updated constraints on the Bekenstein-Sandvik-Barrow-Magueijo model, which is arguably the simplest model allowing for $\\alpha$ variations. Recent accurate spectroscopic measurements allow us to improve previous constraints by about an order of magnitude. We briefly comment on the dependence of the results on the data sample, as well as on the improvements expected from future facilities.
Moustakidis, Ch. C.; Lalazissis, G. A. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR-54124 Thessaloniki (Greece); Niksic, T. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Vretenar, D. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Physik-Department der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Ring, P. [Physik-Department der Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, D-85748 Garching (Germany)
2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The transition density n{sub t} and pressure P{sub t} at the inner edge between the liquid core and the solid crust of a neutron star are analyzed using the thermodynamical method and the framework of relativistic nuclear energy density functionals. Starting from a functional that has been carefully adjusted to experimental binding energies of finite nuclei, and varying the density dependence of the corresponding symmetry energy within the limits determined by isovector properties of finite nuclei, we estimate the constraints on the core-crust transition density and pressure of neutron stars: 0.086 fm{sup -3}<=n{sub t}<0.090 fm{sup -3} and 0.3 MeV fm{sup -3}
Constraints on the Higgs boson total width using H*(126) -> ZZ events
Roberto Covarelli
2014-05-16T23:59:59.000Z
Constraints are set on the Higgs boson decay width, Gamma_H, using off-shell production and decay to ZZ in the four-lepton (4l), or two-lepton-two-neutrino (2l2nu) final states. The analysis is based on the data collected in 2012 by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity L = 19.7 fb^{-1} at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. A maximum-likelihood fit of invariant mass and kinematic discriminant distributions in the 4l case and of transverse mass or missing energy distributions in the 2l2nu case is performed. The result of it, combined with the 4l measurement near the resonance peak, leads to an upper limit on the Higgs boson width of Gamma_H < 4.2 x Gamma_H^SM at the 95% confidence level, assuming Gamma_H^SM = 4.15 MeV.
Cabella, Paolo; Silk, Joseph [University of Oxford, Astrophysics, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Natoli, Paolo [Dipartimento di Fisica e sezione INFN, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', Via della Ricerca Scientifica, I-00133 Rome (Italy)
2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We perform a wavelet analysis of the temperature and polarization maps of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) delivered by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe experiment in search for a parity-violating signal. Such a signal could be seeded by new physics beyond the standard model, for which the Lorentz and CPT symmetries may not hold. Under these circumstances, the linear polarization direction of a CMB photon may get rotated during its cosmological journey, a phenomenon also called cosmological birefringence. Recently, Feng et al. have analyzed a subset of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe and BOOMERanG 2003 angular power spectra of the CMB, deriving a constraint that mildly favors a nonzero rotation. By using wavelet transforms we set a tighter limit on the CMB photon rotation angle {delta}{alpha}=-2.5{+-}3.0 ({delta}{alpha}=-2.5{+-}6.0) at the one (two) {sigma} level, consistent with a null detection.
Using novelty-biased GA to sample diversity in graphs satisfying constraints
Overbury, Peter
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The structure of the network underlying many complex systems, whether artificial or natural, plays a significant role in how these systems operate. As a result, much emphasis has been placed on accurately describing networks using network theoretic metrics. When it comes to generating networks with similar properties, however, the set of available techniques and properties that can be controlled for remains limited. Further, whilst it is becoming clear that some of the metrics currently used to control the generation of such networks are not very prescriptive so that networks could potentially exhibit very different higher-order structure within those constraints, network generating algorithms typically produce fairly contrived networks and lack mechanisms by which to systematically explore the space of network solutions. In this paper, we explore the potential of a multi-objective novelty-biased GA to provide a viable alternative to these algorithms. We believe our results provide the first proof of principl...
Description of quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes requires constraints beyond free energy
Matteo Lostaglio; David Jennings; Terry Rudolph
2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z
Recent studies have developed fundamental limitations on nanoscale thermodynamics, in terms of a set of independent free energy relations. Here we show that free energy relations cannot properly describe quantum coherence in thermodynamic processes. By casting time-asymmetry as a quantifiable, fundamental resource of a quantum state we arrive at an additional, independent set of thermodynamic constraints that naturally extend the existing ones. These asymmetry relations reveal that the traditional Szilard engine argument does not extend automatically to quantum coherences, but instead only relational coherences in a multipartite scenario can contribute to thermodynamic work. We find that coherence transformations are always irreversible. Our results also reveal additional structural parallels between thermodynamics and the theory of entanglement.
Modular Invariant Soft Breaking, WMAP, Dark Matter and Sparticle Mass Limits
Chattopadhyay, Utpal; Chattopadhyay, Utpal; Nath, Pran
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An analysis of soft breaking under the constraint of modular invariance is given. The role of dilaton and moduli dependent front factors in achieving a modular invariant $V_{soft}$ is emphasized. Further, it is shown that in string models $\\tan\\beta$ is no longer a free parameter but is determined in terms of $\\alpha_{string}$ and the other soft parameters by the constraints of modular invariance and radiative electroweak symmetry breaking. The above framework is then used to analyze the neutralino relic density consistent with the WMAP data at self dual points in the Kahler and complex structure moduli. One finds that the combined set of constraints arising from modular invariant soft breaking, radiative electroweak symmetry breaking and WMAP lead to upper limits on sparticle masses for $\\mu>0$. These limits are investigated for a class of models and found to lie within reach of the Tevatron and of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Further, an analysis of the neutralino-proton cross section shows that dark ma...
EFFECT OF HALO BIAS AND LYMAN LIMIT SYSTEMS ON THE HISTORY OF COSMIC REIONIZATION
Kaurov, Alexander A.; Gnedin, Nickolay Y., E-mail: kaurov@uchicago.edu, E-mail: gnedin@fnal.gov [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the existing analytical model of reionization by Furlanetto et al. to include the biasing of reionization sources and additional absorption by Lyman limit systems. Both effects enhance the original model in non-trivial ways, but do not change its qualitative features. Our model is, by construction, consistent with the observed evolution of the galaxy luminosity function at z {approx}< 8 and with the observed evolution of Ly{alpha} forest at z {approx}< 6. We find that the same model can match the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe/Planck constraint on the Thompson optical depth and the South Pole Telescope and EDGES constraints on the duration of reionization for values of the relative escape fraction that are consistent with the observational measurements at lower redshifts. However, such a match is only possible if dwarf galaxies contribute substantially to the ionizing photon budget. The latter condition is inconsistent with simulations and observational upper limits on the escape fraction from dwarfs at z {approx} 3. Whether such a disagreement is due to the different nature of z > 6 galaxies, the inadequacy of simulations and/or some of the observational constraints, or indicates an additional source of ionizing radiation at z > 8 remains to be seen.
G. L. Fogli; E. Lisi; A. Marrone; A. Melchiorri; A. Palazzo; P. Serra; J. Silk
2004-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the context of three-flavor neutrino mixing, we present a thorough study of the phenomenological constraints applicable to three observables sensitive to absolute neutrino masses: The effective neutrino mass in Tritium beta decay (m_beta); the effective Majorana neutrino mass in neutrinoless double beta decay (m_2beta); and the sum of neutrino masses in cosmology (Sigma). We discuss the correlations among these variables which arise from the combination of all the available neutrino oscillation data, in both normal and inverse neutrino mass hierarchy. We set upper limits on m_beta by combining updated results from the Mainz and Troitsk experiments. We also consider the latest results on m_2beta from the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment, both with and without the lower bound claimed by such experiment. We derive upper limits on Sigma from an updated combination of data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) satellite and the 2 degrees Fields (2dF) Galaxy Redshifts Survey, with and without Lyman-alpha forest data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), in models with a non-zero running of the spectral index of primordial inflationary perturbations. The results are discussed in terms of two-dimensional projections of the globally allowed region in the (m_beta,m_2beta,Sigma) parameter space, which neatly show the relative impact of each data set. In particular, the (in)compatibility between Sigma and m_2beta constraints is highlighted for various combinations of data. We also briefly discuss how future neutrino data (both oscillatory and non-oscillatory) can further probe the currently allowed regions.
Limiting two-Higgs-doublet models
Chun, Eung Jin
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Updating various theoretical and experimental constraints on the four different types of two-Higgs-doublet models (2HDMs), we find that only the "lepton-specific" (or "type X") 2HDM can explain the present muon (g-2) anomaly in the parameter region of large $\\tan\\beta$, a light CP-odd Higgs boson, and heavier CP-even and charged Higgs bosons which are almost degenerate. The severe constraints on the models come mainly from the consideration of vacuum stability and perturbativity, the electroweak precision data, $B$ physics observables like $b\\to s \\gamma$ as well as the 125 GeV Higgs boson properties measured at the LHC.
Gradient limits and SCRF performance.
Norem, J.; Pellin, M.
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Superconducting rf gradients are limited by a number of mechanisms, among them are field emission, multipactor, Lorentz detuning, global and local heating, quench fields, Q-Slope, assembly defects, and overall power use. We describe how each of these mechanisms interacts with the cavity fields and show how significant improvements may be possible assuming improvements in control over the cavity surface. New techniques such as Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), the use of layered composites, Gas Cluster Ion Beam (GCIB) smoothing and Dry Ice Cleaning (DIC) have been proposed as ways to control the surface.
Dose Limits | Department of Energy
Office of Environmental Management (EM)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T,Office of Policy,Policy ActDetroit7471 FederalDonna Friend Donna FriendLimits
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Exploiting Monotonicity Constraints in Active Learning for Ordinal Classification
Utrecht, Universiteit
Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands www.cs.uu.nl #12;ISSN: 0924-3275 Department of Information and Computing Sciences Utrecht University P.O. Box 80.089 3508 TB Utrecht The Netherlands #12;Exploiting Monotonicity Constraints in Active Learning for Ordinal Classification Pieter Soons Universiteit Utrecht
The Minimum Constraint Removal Problem with Three Robotics Applications
Indiana University
The Minimum Constraint Removal Problem with Three Robotics Applications Kris Hauser Abstract on three example applications: generating human-interpretable excuses for failure, motion planning under their failures. Â· In human-robot interaction, semantically meaningful explanations would help people diagnose
The Minimum Constraint Removal Problem with Three Robotics Applications
Indiana University
The Minimum Constraint Removal Problem with Three Robotics Applications Kris Hauser September 13 strategies. It is demonstrated on three example applications: gener- ating human-interpretable excuses, then they provide no explanation for the failure. For several applications, it would be useful for planners
Lifting Integrity Constraints in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi
Endriss, Ulle
Lifting Integrity Constraints in Binary Aggregation Umberto Grandi and Ulle Endriss Institute language and we explore the question of whether or not a given aggregation procedure will lift a given, this discipline has received increasing attention in Artificial Intelligence (AI), as testified by a large number
Inter-instance Nogood Learning in Constraint Programming
Stuckey, Peter J.
is a powerful approach to reducing search in Constraint Programming. This is achieved by recording sets. This dramatically reduces the search and provides orders of magnitude speedups on a wide range of problems. Current learned from one problem can be retained and used to significantly speed up the solution of other, similar
Inter-problem Nogood Learning in Constraint Programming
Stuckey, Peter J.
of the value of each variable in the old solution and reuses it as a search heuristic, can be effective is a powerful approach to reducing search in Constraint Programming. This is achieved by recording sets. This dramatically reduces the search and provides orders of magnitude speedups on a wide range of problems. Current
Optimal linear control systems with input derivative constraints
Moore, John Barratt
. Optimal linear control systems with input derivative constraints J. B. Moore, Ph. D., and Prof. B-loss-function minimisation problem is linear. The "paper applies the results of this optimal control theory to a class of performance desired. For linear, finite-dimensional, completely controllable systems, Kalmanl has shown
Identifying Redundant Linear Constraints in Systems of Linear ...
2006-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 22, 2006 ... redundant linear constraints from the system (2.1) and (2.2). ... It is informative to note that in the above theorem, the optimal ..... S. Boyd and L. El Ghaoui, “Linear Matrix Inequalities in System and Control Theory”, SIAM, vol.
Active constraint regions for optimal operation of distillation columns
Skogestad, Sigurd
Active constraint regions for optimal operation of distillation columns Magnus G. Jacobsen the control structure of distillation columns, with optimal operation in mind, it is important to know how for distillation columns change with variations in energy cost and feed flow rate. The production of the most
Optimal Control of Linear Systems with State Equality Constraints
Bitmead, Bob
system specifications. Recently, a number of modern model- based control design methods seek to dealOptimal Control of Linear Systems with State Equality Constraints Sangho Ko and Robert R. Bitmead and control community, since it is closely connected with system performance and, thus, fulfillment of given
Methods for Learning Control Policies from Variable-Constraint
Vijayakumar, Sethu
, we explore the problem of learning control policies from data containing variable, dynamic and non, the door acts as an environmental constraint that restricts the movement of ones hand along the opening arc of the door. When stirring soup in a saucepan, the sides of the pan prevent the spoon moving beyond
On the Equivalence of Constraint Satisfaction Francesca Rossi1
their information content is essentially identical. In other words, it is only the information content of a CSP was visiting MCC. #12;Abstract A solution of a Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) is an assignment of values notion of equivalence. Two di erent algorithms, currently used for transforming any non-binary CSP
Essential Convexity and Complexity of Semi-Algebraic Constraints
Bodirsky, Manuel
a, b, then we show that the CSP for is NP-hard. Furthermore, we characterize essentially convex, ), then the CSP for can be solved in polynomial time if and only if all relations in are essentially convexEssential Convexity and Complexity of Semi-Algebraic Constraints Manuel Bodirsky1 , Peter Jonsson2
Kalman Filter Constraint Switching for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filter Constraint Switching for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation Dan Simon Cleveland State Cleveland, Ohio, 44135 Abstract Kalman filters are often used to estimate the state variables of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman filters some known signal information is often either
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation
Simon, Dan
Kalman Filtering with Inequality Constraints for Turbofan Engine Health Estimation ¤ Dan Simon, OH 44115 Cleveland, OH 44135 Abstract Kalman ¯lters are often used to estimate the state variables of a dynamic system. However, in the application of Kalman ¯lters some known signal information is often either
Wind Farm Portfolio Optimization under Network Capacity Constraints
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
1 Wind Farm Portfolio Optimization under Network Capacity Constraints H´el`ene Le Cadre, Anthony of wind farms in a Market Coupling organization, for two Market Designs (exogenous prices and endogenous of efficient wind farm portfolios, is derived theoretically as a function of the number of wind farms
Mining Closed Relational Graphs with Connectivity Constraints X. Jasmine Zhou
Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine
Mining Closed Relational Graphs with Connectivity Constraints Xifeng Yan X. Jasmine Zhou Jiawei Han relational graphs, how to mine frequent highly connected subgraphs from it? ... G1 G2 Gn pattern Figure 1. Mining Massive Relational Graphs This new problem setting has three major characteristics different from
WORKING PAPER N 2011 25 Capital misallocation and credit constraints
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
, resources misallocation PARIS-JOURDAN SCIENCES ECONOMIQUES 48, BD JOURDAN E.N.S. 75014 PARIS TÉL. : 33 decrease of domestic credit and an investment slack. I find direct support for the theoret- ical model, credit constraints, resources misallocation. JEL classification: E22, O16, Q54 PhD Candidate, Paris
The CIFF Proof Procedure for Abductive Logic Programming with Constraints
Toni, Francesca
The CIFF Proof Procedure for Abductive Logic Programming with Constraints U. Endriss1 , P,terreni,toni}@di.unipi.it Abstract. We introduce a new proof procedure for abductive logic pro- gramming and present two soundness results. Our procedure extends that of Fung and Kowalski by integrating abductive reasoning
Mineralogical constraints on the paleoenvironments of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation
Jiang, Ganqing
Mineralogical constraints on the paleoenvironments of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation Thomas F. In this paper, the clay mineralogy of the Doushan- tuo Formation in South China is documented, providing document the clay mineralogy of the Dou- shantuo Formation with the aim of providing information about
Motion Planning for an Omnidirectional Robot with Steering Constraints
Kabanza, Froduald
to control the kinematics of a wheeled omnidirectional robot. For AZIMUT, we chose to model the velocityMotion Planning for an Omnidirectional Robot with Steering Constraints Simon Chamberland, Éric manoeuvrability in natural environments. Modeling the kinematics of such robots is a challenging problem
Optimal control of a gasolinefueled car engine under pollution constraint
Bonnans, Frédéric
Optimal control of a gasolinefueled car engine under pollution constraint J. Fr'ed'eric Bonnans was introduced in order to decrease fuel consumption. This technology, called ``leanburn engine'', uses an airfuel mixture which contains less fuel than in a classical engine. The airfuel mixture of an engine
New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada
Herrick, Robert R.
New constraints on the Slate Islands impact structure, Ontario, Canada Virgil L. Sharpton Lunar, Canada John Scott ABSTRACT The Slate Islands in northern Lake Superior represent the eroded remains constrained. INTRODUCTION The Slate Islands are an 7-km-wide archipelago located in northern Lake Superior 10
Maintenance scheduling problems as benchmarks for constraint algorithms
Dechter, Rina
a power plant. We show how these scheduling prob- lems can be cast as constraint satisfaction problems analysis provides worst-case guar- antees which often do not re ect average performance. For instance in practice have substantially better performance than a simpler algorithm without this feature 12, 8
Maintenance scheduling problems as benchmarks for constraint algorithms
Dechter, Rina
units within a power plant. We show how these scheduling probÂ lems can be cast as constraint average performance. For instance, a backtrackingÂ based algorithm that incorporates features support through grant RP 8014Â06. 1 #12; often in practice have substantially better performance than
Hierarchical clustering using correlation metric and spatial continuity constraint
Stork, Christopher L.; Brewer, Luke N.
2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
Large data sets are analyzed by hierarchical clustering using correlation as a similarity measure. This provides results that are superior to those obtained using a Euclidean distance similarity measure. A spatial continuity constraint may be applied in hierarchical clustering analysis of images.
QER Public Meeting: New England Regional Infrastructure Constraints Part II
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Department of Energy will convene a public meeting to discuss and receive comments on issues related to the Quadrennial Energy Review. The purpose of the meeting is to examine energy infrastructure constraints in New England and regional approaches to addressing them
QER Public Meeting: New England Regional Infrastructure Constraints Part I
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
The Department of Energy will convene a public meeting to discuss and receive comments on issues related to the Quadrennial Energy Review. The purpose of the meeting is to examine energy infrastructure constraints in New England and regional approaches to addressing them
Boolean Satisfiability with Transitivity Constraints RANDAL E. BRYANT
Bryant, Randal E.
Boolean Satisfiability with Transitivity Constraints RANDAL E. BRYANT MIROSLAV N. VELEV Carnegie by the Semiconductor Research Corporation, Contract 00DC068. Authors' addresses: R. E. Bryant, Computer Science. V, No. N, August 2001, Pages 1--22. #12; 2 #1; R. E. Bryant and M. N. Velev that F sat does
Constraints on power spectrum of density fluctuations from PBH evaporations
Edgar Bugaev; Peter Klimai
2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
We calculate neutrino and photon energy spectra in extragalactic space from evaporation of primordial black holes, assuming that the power spectrum of primordial density fluctuations has a strong bump in the region of small scales. The constraints on the parameters of this bump based on neutrino and photon cosmic background data are obtained.
Approximate Dynamic Programming for Networks: Fluid Models and Constraint Reduction
Veatch, Michael H.
of approximating functions for the differential cost. The first contribution of this paper is identifying new or piece-wise quadratic. Fluid cost has been used to initialize the value iteration algorithm [5Approximate Dynamic Programming for Networks: Fluid Models and Constraint Reduction Michael H
Presolar Silicate Grains: Constraints on Solar System Processes and
Floss, Christine
Presolar Silicate Grains: Constraints on Solar System Processes and Stellar Nucleosynthesis 63130, USA. (floss@wustl.edu) Presolar silicates are among the most abundant type of stardust and have. This is particularly true for presolar silicates, which are more susceptible to secondary processing than other, more
Two stage stochastic equilibrium problems with equilibrium constraints
2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 12, 2010 ... Monte Carlo sampling method is applied to solve the SEPEC. ... EPEC models, has a number of potential applications in a wide domain in engineering design, ... mathematical program with equilibrium constraints (MPEC), and introduced a ...... past data or computer simulation, and a particular numerical ...
Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint
Greenberg, Albert
Renewable Energy Scheduling for Fading Channels with Maximum Power Constraint Zhe Wang Electrical--In this paper, we develop efficient algorithm to obtain the optimal energy schedule for fading channel with energy harvesting. We assume that the side information of both the channel states and energy harvesting
GARCH models without positivity constraints: Exponential or Christian Francq
GARCH models without positivity constraints: Exponential or Log GARCH? Christian Francq , Olivier of the log-GARCH and EGARCH models, which both rely on multiplicative volatility dynamics without positivity, tails) of the EGARCH model, which are already known, with those of an asymmetric version of the log-GARCH
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation
Modi, Jay
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation Pragnesh Jay Modi,jungh,tambe,shen,kulkarnig@isi.edu Abstract. In distributed resource allocation a set of agents must assign their re sources to a set and the domain described in this paper: distributed sensor networks. Despite the variety of approaches proposed
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation
Modi, Jay
A Dynamic Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Approach to Resource Allocation Pragnesh Jay Modi.edu Abstract. In distributed resource allocation a set of agents must assign their re- sources to a set and the domain described in this paper: distributed sensor networks. Despite the variety of approaches proposed
SCIL --Symbolic Constraints in Integer Linear Programming \\Lambda Ernst Althaus
Mehlhorn, Kurt
want short development time (= efficient use of human resources) and runtime efficiency (= efficient introduces symbolic constraints into branchÂandÂcutÂandÂprice algorithms for integer linear programs for integer linear programming (ILP) and mixed integer linear programming (MILP) based on a branchÂandÂcutÂandÂprice
Coordination of Multiple Non-Holonomic Agents with Input Constraints
Loizou, Savvas G.
-aircraft systems modeled as hybrid systems. With the advent of powerful formal verification tools, there has been with aircraft-like kinematic constraints. A model of a system of input-constrained non- holonomic agents by Belta et al. in [10]. In this paper, a discrete model of a system with input- constrained non
Ensemble climate predictions using climate models and observational constraints
REVIEW Ensemble climate predictions using climate models and observational constraints BY PETER A. STOTT 1,* AND CHRIS E. FOREST 2 1 Hadley Centre for Climate Change (Reading Unit), Meteorology Building for constraining climate predictions based on observations of past climate change. The first uses large ensembles
3 LINCS: a linear constraint solver for molecular simulations
Bekker, Henk
algorithms have been proposed, including the EEM method of Edberg et al. [30] who applied a penalty func- tion, a modification of EEM by Baranyai and Evans [31] applying damping corrections and the 'non with bond constraints. LINCS is similar to EEM with a few practical dif- ferences. We have implemented
Extending an Algebraic Modeling Language to Support Constraint ...
4er PowerMac G4
2001-04-02T23:59:59.000Z
Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences ..... method for seeking the best objective value over all feasible solutions. Global ...... [15] ILOG, Inc., ILOG OPL Studio 3.0 User's Manual and OPL Studio 3.0 Optimization ... In Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming — CP'99, Joxan Jaffar, ed.,.
Component-based Specification of Software Architecture Constraints
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
engineering provides for develop- ers the ability to easily reuse and assemble software entities to build phase of the software lifecycle. They propose to de- velopers to explicit, in a structured way, designComponent-based Specification of Software Architecture Constraints Chouki Tibermacine LIRMM, CNRS
Enforcing Architecture and Deployment Constraints of Distributed Component-based
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
.kadri@alkante.com In the component-based software development process, the formalisation of architectural choices makes possible Introduction Architectural choices should be preserved throughout the software lifecycle soEnforcing Architecture and Deployment Constraints of Distributed Component-based Software Chouki
Cosmological Constraints from the SDSS maxBCG Cluster Catalog
Rozo, Eduardo; /CCAPP; Wechsler, Risa H.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Rykoff, Eli S.; /UC, Santa Barbara; Annis, James T.; /Fermilab; Becker, Matthew R.; /Chicago U. /KICP, Chicago; Evrard, August E.; /Michigan U. /Michigan U., MCTP; Frieman, Joshua A.; /Fermilab /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U.; Hansen, Sarah M.; /UC, Santa Cruz; Hao, Jia; /Michigan U.; Johnston, David E.; /Northwestern U.; Koester, Benjamin P.; /KICP, Chicago /Chicago U.; McKay, Timothy A.; /Michigan U. /Michigan U., MCTP; Sheldon, Erin S.; /Brookhaven; Weinberg, David H.; /CCAPP /Ohio State U.
2009-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
We use the abundance and weak lensing mass measurements of the SDSS maxBCG cluster catalog to simultaneously constrain cosmology and the richness-mass relation of the clusters. Assuming a flat {Lambda}CDM cosmology, we find {sigma}{sub 8}({Omega}{sub m}/0.25){sup 0.41} = 0.832 {+-} 0.033 after marginalization over all systematics. In common with previous studies, our error budget is dominated by systematic uncertainties, the primary two being the absolute mass scale of the weak lensing masses of the maxBCG clusters, and uncertainty in the scatter of the richness-mass relation. Our constraints are fully consistent with the WMAP five-year data, and in a joint analysis we find {sigma}{sub 8} = 0.807 {+-} 0.020 and {Omega}{sub m} = 0.265 {+-} 0.016, an improvement of nearly a factor of two relative to WMAP5 alone. Our results are also in excellent agreement with and comparable in precision to the latest cosmological constraints from X-ray cluster abundances. The remarkable consistency among these results demonstrates that cluster abundance constraints are not only tight but also robust, and highlight the power of optically-selected cluster samples to produce precision constraints on cosmological parameters.
Collaboration Support Through Mobile Processes and Entailment Constraints
Ulm, Universität
mobile process and task support. In this context, flexible process management technology offers promising in many business domains. Along this trend, process management technology is going to be enhanced entailment constraints to mobile task management. In the context of a business process, for example, two
Finite Horizon Online Packet Scheduling with Energy and Delay Constraints
Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif
with complete prior knowledge of data/energy/channel variations, which is rarely a practical assumption, while with data arrival and deadline constraints (e.g., [1], [2], [3], [4]) as well as in- termittent energy little to suggest good online policies. On the other hand, direct online formulations have been
White dwarfs constraints on dark sector models with light particles
Ubaldi, Lorenzo [Physikalisches Institut der Universität Bonn, Nussallee 12, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)
2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
The white dwarf luminosity function is well understood in terms of standard model physics and leaves little room for exotic cooling mechanisms related to the possible existence of new weakly interacting light particles. This puts significant constraints on the parameter space of models that contain a massive dark photon and light dark sector particles.
Constraints on the density perturbation spectrum from primordial black holes
Anne M Green; Andrew R Liddle
1997-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
We re-examine the constraints on the density perturbation spectrum, including its spectral index $n$, from the production of primordial black holes. The standard cosmology, where the Universe is radiation dominated from the end of inflation up until the recent past, was studied by Carr, Gilbert and Lidsey; we correct two errors in their derivation and find a significantly stronger constraint than they did, $n \\lesssim 1.25$ rather than their 1.5. We then consider an alternative cosmology in which a second period of inflation, known as thermal inflation and designed to solve additional relic over-density problems, occurs at a lower energy scale than the main inflationary period. In that case, the constraint weakens to $n \\lesssim 1.3$, and thermal inflation also leads to a `missing mass' range, $10^{18} g \\lesssim M \\lesssim 10^{26} g$, in which primordial black holes cannot form. Finally, we discuss the effect of allowing for the expected non-gaussianity in the density perturbations predicted by Bullock and Primack, which can weaken the constraints further by up to 0.05.
Constraints to Stop Deforestation FB IV Informatik, Universitat Trier,
Seidl, Helmut
Constraints to Stop Deforestation H. Seidl FB IV Â Informatik, UniversitÂ¨at Trier, DÂ54286 Trier, Universitetsparken 1, DKÂ2100 Copenhagen Ã?, Denmark. rambo@diku.dk Abstract Wadler's deforestation algorithm, deforestation must terminate on all programs. Several techniques exist to ensure termination of deÂ forestation
Constraints to Stop HigherOrder Deforestation FB IV Informatik
Seidl, Helmut
Constraints to Stop HigherÂOrder Deforestation H. Seidl FB IV Â Informatik UniversitÂ¨at Trier, D of Copenhagen Universitetsparken 1, DKÂ2100 Copenhagen Ã?, Denmark rambo@diku.dk Abstract Wadler's deforestation in a compiler, it must terminate on all programs. Several techniques to ensure termiÂ nation of deforestation
Jitter Regulation in an Internet Router with Delay Constraint
Imai, Hiroshi
Jitter Regulation in an Internet Router with Delay Constraint Hisashi Koga Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd To playback multimedia data smoothly via the worldwide Internet, jitter, the variability of delay of individual packets, must be kept low. We examine online algorithms in a router to regulate jitter
On the Complexity of Fuzzy Boolean Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Richoux, Florian
of tractability, and show how they can be applied in digital photography. Keywords-Fuzzy Theory and Models, Fuzzy) as well as after the actual photographic action; video games; pattern recognition and machine vision of the concept of fuzziness, fuzzy constraint satisfaction problems (FCSP) model real-life problems better
Reaction Temperature Constraints in DNA Computing Russell Deaton
Deaton, Russell J.
Reaction Temperature Constraints in DNA Computing Russell Deaton The Department of Electrical the thermodynamics of DNA melt- ing, a technique is proposed to choose a re- action temperature for the DNA computa the melting temperature, Tm. The melting temperature is determined from curves of UV absorbance versus
Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic
Kent, University of
Constraint Orientated Specification with CSP and Real Time Temporal Logic Justin Pearson Department Processes (CSP) [Hoa85] and a version of Propositional Temporal Logic (PTL), derived from [Eme90]. CSP. The behaviour of a CSP process is dependent on its environment; it is therefore difficult to assert global
Energy-aware scheduling under reliability and makespan constraints
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Energy-aware scheduling under reliability and makespan constraints Guillaume Aupy, Anne Benoit and complementary. I. INTRODUCTION Energy-aware scheduling has proven an important issue in the past decade, both this interval at speed f. Energy-aware scheduling aims at minimizing the energy consumed during the execution
Financial Constraints and Foreign Market Entries or Exits
Financial Constraints and Foreign Market Entries or Exits: Firm Level Evidence from France Philippe entries and massive exits in/from new destinations. For example in France, from 2000 to 2007, whereas net contributions are almost twice as big as the contributions of ...rms entries and exits from existing
Information Structure Constraints and Complex NP Islands in Chinese
treatments of CNPC in terms of movement constraints fail to predict the interpretational distinctiveness-phrases and semantic interpretation. The rest of this paper will be structured as follows: Section 2 reviews the core islands, couched in the transformational framework, and discusses their shortcomings; Section 4 examines
Constraint Management in Fuel Cells: A Fast Reference Governor Approach
Stefanopoulou, Anna
admissible current demand to the fuel cell based on on-line optimization of a scalar parameter and onConstraint Management in Fuel Cells: A Fast Reference Governor Approach Ardalan Vahidi Ilya Kolmanovsky Anna Stefanopoulou Abstract-- The air supply system in a fuel cell may be susceptible
Alan M. Frisch and Jimmy Lee (Ed.) Constraint Modelling and
St Andrews, University of
Alan M. Frisch and Jimmy Lee (Ed.) Constraint Modelling and Reformulation (ModRef'09) Eighth 2009 Alan M. Frisch and Jimmy Lee Programme Chairs #12;Programme Committee Sebastian Brand (University University, United Kingdom) (Co-Chair) Jimmy Lee (The Chinese University of Hong Kong, China) Toni Mancini
Merhav, Neri
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a simple physical interpretation, in the context of the second law of thermodynamics, to the information inequality (a.k.a. the Gibbs' inequality, which is also equivalent to the log-sum inequality), asserting that the relative entropy between two probability distributions cannot be negative. Since this inequality stands at the basis of the data processing theorem (DPT), and the DPT in turn is at the heart of most, if not all, proofs of converse theorems in Shannon theory, it is observed that conceptually, the roots of fundamental limits of Information Theory can actually be attributed to the laws of physics, in particular, to the second law of thermodynamics, and at least indirectly, also to the law of energy conservation. By the same token, in the other direction: one can view the second law as stemming from information-theoretic principles.
Limited-life cartridge primers
Makowiecki, Daniel M.; Rosen, Robert S.
2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z
A cartridge primer which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML's would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers.
Limited-life cartridge primers
Makowiecki, D.M.; Rosen, R.S.
1998-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
A cartridge primer is described which utilizes an explosive that can be designed to become inactive in a predetermined period of time: a limited-life primer. The explosive or combustible material of the primer is an inorganic reactive multilayer (RML). The reaction products of the RML are sub-micron grains of non-corrosive inorganic compounds that would have no harmful effects on firearms or cartridge cases. Unlike use of primers containing lead components, primers utilizing RML`s would not present a hazard to the environment. The sensitivity of an RML is determined by the physical structure and the stored interfacial energy. The sensitivity lowers with time due to a decrease in interfacial energy resulting from interdiffusion of the elemental layers. Time-dependent interdiffusion is predictable, thereby enabling the functional lifetime of an RML primer to be predetermined by the initial thickness and materials selection of the reacting layers. 10 figs.
Limits to the lunar atmosphere
Morgan, T.H. (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, D.C. (USA)); Shemansky, D.E. (Univ. of Arizona, Tucson (USA))
1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
The presence of sodium and potassium on the Moon implies that other more abundant species should be present. Volatile molecules like H{sub 2}O are significantly more abundant than sodium in any of the proposed external atmospheric sources. Source mechanisms which derive atoms from the surface should favor abundant elements in the regolith. It is therefore puzzling that the Apollo ultraviolet spectrometer experiment set limits on the density of oxygen of N{sub O} < 5 {times} 10{sup 2} cm{sup {minus}3}, and that the Apollo Lunar Atmospheric Composition Experiment data imply N{sub O} < 50 cm{sup {minus}3} above the subsolar point. These limits are surprisingly small relative to the measured value for sodium. A simple consideration of sources and sinks predicts significantly greater densities of oxygen. It is possible but doubtful that the Apollo measurements occur ed during an epoch in which source rates were small. A preferential loss process for oxygen on the darkside of the Moon is considered in which ionization by electron capture in surface collisions leads to escape through acceleration in the local electric field. Cold trapping in permanently shadowed regions as a net sink is considered and discounted, but the episodic nature of cometary insertion may allow formation of ice layers which act as a stablized source of OH. On the basis of an assumed meteoroid impact source, the authors predict a possible emission brightness of {approximately} 50 R in the OH(A {minus} X)(0,0) band above the lunar bright limb. A very uncertain small comet source of H{sub 2}O could raise this value by more than two orders of magnitude.
de Weck, Olivier L.
Climate Policy Design: Interactions among Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Urban Air Pollution Policy Design: Interactions among Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Urban Air Pollution Constraints by Marcus. The third case examines the benefits of increased policy coordination between air pollution constraints
ICLP 2014 1 A Proof Theoretic Study of Soft Concurrent Constraint
Nigam, Vivek
for defining constraint systems where agents are allowed to tell7 and ask soft constraints. Nevertheless a declarative reading of processes as formulas while providing a logical framework13 for soft-CCP based systems systems) to soft-co
Haptic Rendering of Topological Constraints to Users Manipulating Serial Virtual Linkages
Constantinescu, Daniela
Haptic Rendering of Topological Constraints to Users Manipulating Serial Virtual Linkages Daniela-- This paper presents an approach for haptic rendering of topological constraints to users operating serial rendering. I. INTRODUCTION Haptic interaction with physically-motivated virtual en- vironments provides
Checking Design Constraints at Run-time Using OCL and AspectJ
Cheon, Yoonsik
Roach, and Cuauhtemoc Munoz TR #09-35 December 2009 Keywords: design constraints, runtime checking Design Constraints at Run-time Using OCL and AspectJ Yoonsik Cheon (1) , Carmen Avila (1) , Steve Roach
West, Stuart
Y Keywords: adaptation; artificial neural networks; evolutionary constraints; parasitoid; sex ratio by modelling information acquisition and processing using artificial neural networks (ANNs) evolving accordingConstraints on adaptation: explaining deviation from optimal sex ratio using artificial neural
Dominion: An Architecture-driven Approach to Generating Efficient Constraint Solvers
Miguel, Ian
mathematics and the petrochemical and steel industries [1]. Constraint solving of a combinatorial problem efficient solving process. To mitigate these drawbacks, constraint solvers often allow manual tuning of the solving process. However, this requires considerable expertise, preventing the widespread adoption
Toward an understanding of when and why situational constraints influence performance
Horner, Margaret Tutt
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Page Table 1 Terms and Definitions for Situational Constraints Used Throughout the Literature ........................................................ 6 Table 2 Situational Constraint Categories and Definitions From Peters et al. (1985... constraints or aspects of the work setting beyond the employee?s control that hinder performance (e.g., lack of job-related information needed to perform the job; Peters & O?Connor, 1980). However, the reasons why situational constraints adversely affect...
Towards an Optimal Approach to Soft Constraint Problems Martine Ceberio and Vladik Kreinovich
Kreinovich, Vladik
that satisfies a given finite set of inequality/equality-type constraints. The corre- sponding problem is called
Towards an Optimal Approach to Soft Constraint Problems Martine Ceberio and Vladik Kreinovich
Kreinovich, Vladik
to find a design that satisfies a given finite set of inequality/equalityÂtype constraints. The corre
Performance limits of fusion first-wall structural materials.
Smith, D. L.; Majumdar, S.; Billone, M.; Mattas, R. F.
1999-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
Key features of fusion energy relate primarily to potential advantages associated with safety and environmental considerations and the near endless supply of fuel. However, it is generally concluded that high performance fusion power systems will be required in order to be economically competitive with other energy options. As in most energy systems, structural materials operating limits pose a primary constraint to the performance of fusion power systems. It is also recognized that for the case of fusion power, the first-wall/blanket system will have a dominant impact on both the economic and safety/environmental attractiveness of fusion energy. The first-wall blanket structure is particularly critical since it must maintain high integrity at relatively high temperatures during exposure to high radiation levels, high surface heat fluxes, and significant primary stresses. The performance limits of the first-wall/blanket structure will be dependent on the structural material properties, the coolant/breeder system, and the specific design configuration. Key factors associated with high performance structural materials include (1) high temperature operation, (2) a large operating temperature window, and (3) a long operating lifetime. High temperature operation is necessary to provide for high power conversion efficiency. As discussed later, low-pressure coolant systems provide significant advantages. A large operating temperature window is necessary to accommodate high surface heating and high power density. The operating temperature range for the structure must include the temperature gradient through the first wall and the coolant system AT required for efficient energy conversion. This later requirement is dependent on the coolant/breeder operating temperature limits. A long operating lifetime of the structure is important to improve system availability and to minimize waste disposition.
Haxton, W.C.; Hoeing, A. (Institute for Nuclear Theory, NK-12 and Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Musolf, M.J. (Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility Theory Group, MS 12H, Newport News, Virginia 23606 (United States) Department of Physics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virigina 23529 (United States))
1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We deduce constraints on time-reversal-noninvariant (TRNI), parity-conserving (PC) hadronic interactions from nucleon, nuclear, and atomic electric dipole moment (EDM) limits. Such interactions generate EDM's through weak radiative corrections. We consider long-range mechanisms, i.e., those mediated by meson exchanges in contrast with short-range two-loop mechanisms. We find that the ratio of typical TRNI, PC nuclear matrix elements to those of the strong interaction are [approx lt]10[sup [minus]5], a limit about 2 orders of magntiude more stringent than those from direct detailed balance studies of such interactions. This corresponds to a bound of [vert bar][ital [bar g
A model of constraint solvers by chaotic iteration adapted to value withdrawal explanations
Lesaint, Willy
of a value from a domain". This notion of explanation is essential for the debugging of CSP programs. Indeed of constraint programming is to solve Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP) [16], that is to provide constraint to the CSP. In future work, we plan to extend our framework in order to fully take labeling
Not Available
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Chapter I identifies possible technological, economic, and environmental constraints to geothermal resource development. Chapter II discusses constraints relative to outer continental shelf and geothermal resources. General leasing information for each resource is detailed. Chapter III summarizes the major studies relating to development constraints. 37 refs. (PSB)
A model for dynamic chance constraints in hydro power reservoir management
Römisch, Werner
A model for dynamic chance constraints in hydro power reservoir management L. Andrieu , R. Henrion In this paper, a model for (joint) dynamic chance constraints is proposed and ap- plied to an optimization for two and three stages. 1 Introduction A conventional optimization problem under chance constraints
Constraint Based Planning with Composable Substate Peter Gregory and Derek Long and Maria Fox
Hammerton, James
Constraint Based Planning with Composable Substate Graphs Peter Gregory and Derek Long and Maria a constraint-based model for cost-optimal plan- ning that uses global constraints to improve the inference to such problems combine search, inference and relaxation. In cost optimal planning, search and relaxation tech
Photon and graviton mass limits
Nieto, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goldhaber Scharff, Alfred [SUNY
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We review past and current studies of possible long-distance, low-frequency deviations from Maxwell electrodynamics and Einstein gravity. Both have passed through three phases: (1) Testing the inverse-square laws of Newton and Coulomb, (2) Seeking a nonzero value for the rest mass of photon or graviton, and (3) Considering more degrees of freedom, allowing mass while preserving gauge or general-coordinate invariance. For electrodynamics there continues to be no sign of any deviation. Since our previous review the lower limit on the photon Compton wavelength (associated with weakening of electromagnetic fields in vacuum over large distance scale) has improved by four orders of magnitude, to about one astronomical unit. Rapid current progress in astronomical observations makes it likely that there will be further advances. These ultimately could yield a bound exceeding galactic dimensions, as has long been contemplated. Meanwhile, for gravity there have been strong arguments about even the concept of a graviton rest mass. At the same time there are striking observations, commonly labeled 'dark matter' and 'dark energy' that some argue imply modified gravity. This makes the questions for gravity much more interesting. For dark matter, which involves increased attraction at large distances, any explanation by modified gravity would be qualitatively different from graviton mass. Because dark energy is associated with reduced attraction at large distances, it might be explained by a graviton-mass-like effect.
Kinetic limits of dynamical systems
Jens Marklof
2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
Since the pioneering work of Maxwell and Boltzmann in the 1860s and 1870s, a major challenge in mathematical physics has been the derivation of macroscopic evolution equations from the fundamental microscopic laws of classical or quantum mechanics. Macroscopic transport equations lie at the heart of many important physical theories, including fluid dynamics, condensed matter theory and nuclear physics. The rigorous derivation of macroscopic transport equations is thus not only a conceptual exercise that establishes their consistency with the fundamental laws of physics: the possibility of finding deviations and corrections to classical evolution equations makes this subject both intellectually exciting and relevant in practical applications. The plan of these lectures is to develop a renormalisation technique that will allow us to derive transport equations for the kinetic limits of two classes of simple dynamical systems, the Lorentz gas and kicked Hamiltonians (or linked twist maps). The technique uses the ergodic theory of flows on homogeneous spaces (homogeneous flows for short), and is based on joint work with Andreas Str\\"ombergsson.
General relativity limit of Ho?ava-Lifshitz gravity with a scalar field in gradient expansion
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Gümrükçüo?lu, A. Emir; Mukohyama, Shinji; Wang, Anzhong
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a fully nonlinear study of long-wavelength cosmological perturbations within the framework of the projectable Horava-Lifshitz gravity, coupled to a single scalar field. Adopting the gradient expansion technique, we explicitly integrate the dynamical equations up to any order of the expansion, then restrict the integration constants by imposing the momentum constraint. While the gradient expansion relies on the long-wavelength approximation, amplitudes of perturbations do not have to be small. When the ??1 limit is taken, the obtained nonlinear solutions exhibit a continuous behavior at any order of the gradient expansion, recovering general relativity in the presence of a scalar field and the “dark matter as an integration constant.” This is in sharp contrast to the results in the literature based on the “standard” (and naive) perturbative approach where in the same limit, the perturbative expansion of the action breaks down and the scalar graviton mode appears to be strongly coupled. We carry out a detailed analysis on the source of these apparent pathologies and determine that they originate from an improper application of the perturbative approximation in the momentum constraint. We also show that there is a new branch of solutions, valid in the regime where |?-1| is smaller than the order of perturbations. In the limit ??1, this new branch allows the theory to be continuously connected to general relativity, with an effective component which acts like pressureless fluid.
Constraints on light neutrino parameters derived from the study of neutrinoless double beta decay
Stoica, Sabin
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The study of the neutrinoless double beta ($0 \\beta\\beta$) decay mode can provide us with important information on the neutrino properties, particularly on the electron neutrino absolute mass. In this work we revise the present constraints on the neutrino mass parameters derived from the $0 \\beta\\beta$ decay analysis of the experimentally interesting nuclei. We use the latest results for the phase space factors (PSFs) and nuclear matrix elements (NMEs), as well as for the experimental lifetimes limits. For the PSFs we use values computed with an improved method reported very recently. For the NMEs we use values chosen from literature on a case-by-case basis, taking advantage of the consensus reached by the community on several nuclear ingredients used in their calculation. Thus, we try to restrict the range of spread of the NME values calculated with di?erent methods and, hence, to reduce the uncertainty in deriving limits for the Majorana neutrino mass parameter. Our results may be useful to have an up-date ...
Constraints of Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars in the hadronic model: the case of 3C 273
Petropoulou, Maria
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method of constraining the properties of the $\\gamma$-ray emitting region in flat spectrum radio quasars (FSRQs) in the one-zone proton synchrotron model, where the $\\gamma$-rays are produced by synchrotron radiation of relativistic protons. We show that for low enough values of the Doppler factor $\\delta$, the emission from the electromagnetic (EM) cascade which is initiated by the internal absorption of high-energy photons from photohadronic interactions may exceed the observed $\\sim$GeV flux. We use that effect to derive an absolute lower limit of $\\delta$; first, an analytical one, in the asymptotic limit where the external radiation from the broad line region (BLR) is negligible, and then a numerical one in the more general case that includes BLR radiation. As its energy density in the emission region depends on $\\delta$ and the region's distance from the galactic center, we use the EM cascade to determine a minimum distance for each value of $\\delta$. We complement the EM cascade constraint...
Milagro Constraints on Very High Energy Emission from Short Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts
Abdo, A A; Berley, D; Blaufuss, E; Casanova, S; Dingus, B L; Ellsworth, R W; González, M M; Goodman, J A; Hays, E; Hoffman, C M; Kolterman, B E; Lansdell, C P; Linnemann, J T; McEnery, J E; Mincer, A I; Némethy, P; Noyes, D; Ryan, J M; Samuelson, F W; Parkinson, P M Saz; Shoup, A; Sinnis, G; Smith, A J; Sullivan, G W; Vasileiou, V; Walker, G P; Williams, D A; Xu, X W; Yodh, G B
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Recent rapid localizations of short, hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) by the Swift and HETE satellites have led to the observation of the first afterglows and the measurement of the first redshifts from this type of burst. Detection of >100 GeV counterparts would place powerful constraints on GRB mechanisms. Seventeen short duration (100 GeV counterparts to these GRBs and find no significant emission correlated with these bursts. Due to the absorption of high-energy gamma rays by the extragalactic background light (EBL), detections are only expected for redshifts less than ~0.5. While most long duration GRBs occur at redshifts higher than 0.5, the opposite is thought to be true of short GRBs. Lack of a detected VHE signal thus allows setting meaningful fluence limits. One GRB in the sample (050509b) has a likely association with a galaxy at a redshift of 0.225, while another (051103) has been tentatively linked to the nearby galaxy M81. Fluence limits are corrected for EBL absorption, either using the known measu...
Milagro Constraints on Very High Energy Emission from Short Duration Gamma-Ray Bursts
A. A. Abdo; B. T. Allen; D. Berley; E. Blaufuss; S. Casanova; B. L. Dingus; R. W. Ellsworth; M. M. Gonzalez; J. A. Goodman; E. Hays; C. M. Hoffman; B. E. Kolterman; C. P. Lansdell; J. T. Linnemann; J. E. McEnery; A. I. Mincer; P. Nemethy; D. Noyes; J. M. Ryan; F. W. Samuelson; P. M. Saz Parkinson; A. Shoup; G. Sinnis; A. J. Smith; G. W. Sullivan; V. Vasileiou; G. P. Walker; D. A. Williams; X. W. Xu; G. B. Yodh
2007-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
Recent rapid localizations of short, hard gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) by the Swift and HETE satellites have led to the observation of the first afterglows and the measurement of the first redshifts from this type of burst. Detection of >100 GeV counterparts would place powerful constraints on GRB mechanisms. Seventeen short duration (100 GeV counterparts to these GRBs and find no significant emission correlated with these bursts. Due to the absorption of high-energy gamma rays by the extragalactic background light (EBL), detections are only expected for redshifts less than ~0.5. While most long duration GRBs occur at redshifts higher than 0.5, the opposite is thought to be true of short GRBs. Lack of a detected VHE signal thus allows setting meaningful fluence limits. One GRB in the sample (050509b) has a likely association with a galaxy at a redshift of 0.225, while another (051103) has been tentatively linked to the nearby galaxy M81. Fluence limits are corrected for EBL absorption, either using the known measured redshift, or computing the corresponding absorption for a redshift of 0.1 and 0.5, as well as for the case of z=0.
Constraints on light neutrino parameters derived from the study of neutrinoless double beta decay
Sabin Stoica; Andrei Neacsu
2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
The study of the neutrinoless double beta ($0 \\beta\\beta$) decay mode can provide us with important information on the neutrino properties, particularly on the electron neutrino absolute mass. In this work we revise the present constraints on the neutrino mass parameters derived from the $0 \\beta\\beta$ decay analysis of the experimentally interesting nuclei. We use the latest results for the phase space factors (PSFs) and nuclear matrix elements (NMEs), as well as for the experimental lifetimes limits. For the PSFs we use values computed with an improved method reported very recently. For the NMEs we use values chosen from literature on a case-by-case basis, taking advantage of the consensus reached by the community on several nuclear ingredients used in their calculation. Thus, we try to restrict the range of spread of the NME values calculated with di?erent methods and, hence, to reduce the uncertainty in deriving limits for the Majorana neutrino mass parameter. Our results may be useful to have an up-date image on the present neutrino mass sensitivities associated with $0 \\beta\\beta$ measurements for different isotopes and to better estimate the range of values of the neutrino masses that can be explored in the future double beta decay (DBD) experiments.
Constraints on AGN accretion disc viscosity derived from continuum variability
Rhaana L. C. Starling; Aneta Siemiginowska; Phil Uttley; Roberto Soria
2003-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
We estimate a value of the viscosity parameter in AGN accretion discs for the PG quasar sample. We assume that optical variability on time-scales of months to years is caused by local instabilities in the inner accretion disc. Comparing the observed variability time-scales to the thermal time-scales of alpha-disc models we obtain constraints on the viscosity parameter for the sample. We find that, at a given L/L_Edd, the entire sample is consistent with a single value of the viscosity parameter, alpha. We obtain constraints of 0.01 < alpha < 0.03 for 0.01 < L/L_Edd < 1.0. This narrow range suggests that these AGN are all seen in a single state, with a correspondingly narrow spread of black hole masses or accretion rates. The value of alpha we derive is consistent with predictions by current simulation s in which MHD turbulence is the primary viscosity mechanism.
Constraints on Neutrino Oscillations from Big Bang Nucleosynethesis
X. Shi; D. N. Schramm; B. D. Fields
1993-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss in detail the effect of neutrino oscillations in Big Bang nucleosynthesis, between active and sterile neutrinos, as well as between active and active neutrinos. We calculate the constraints on mixings between active and sterile neutrinos from the present observation of the primordial helium abundance and discuss the potential implications on various astrophysical and cosmological problems of such oscillations. In particular, we show that large angle sterile neutrino mixing seems to be excluded as a MSW solution to the solar neutrino situation or a solution to the atmospheric neutrino mixing hinted at in some underground experiments. We show how with this constraint, the next generation of solar neutrino experiments should be able to determine the resolution of the solar neutrino problem. It is also shown how sterile neutrinos remain a viable dark matter candidate.
Fine-structure constant constraints on dark energy
Martins, C J A P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We use astrophysical and atomic clock tests of the stability of the fine-structure constant $\\alpha$, together with Type Ia supernova and Hubble parameter data, to constrain the simplest class of dynamical dark energy models where the same degree of freedom is assumed to provide both the dark energy and (through a dimensionless coupling, $\\zeta$, to the electromagnetic sector) the $\\alpha$ variation. We show how current data tightly constrains a combination of $\\zeta$ and the dark energy equation of state $w_0$. At the $95\\%$ confidence level and marginalizing over $w_0$ we find $|\\zeta|<5\\times10^{-6}$, with the atomic clock tests dominating the constraints. The forthcoming generation of high-resolution ultra-stable spectrographs will enable significantly tighter constraints.
Fundamental constraints on the abundances of chemotaxis proteins
Bitbol, Anne-Florence
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Flagellated bacteria, such as Escherichia coli, perform directed motion in gradients of concentration of attractants and repellents in a process called chemotaxis. The E. coli chemotaxis signaling pathway is a model for signal transduction, but it has unique features. We demonstrate that the need for fast signaling necessitates high abundances of the proteins involved in this pathway. We show that further constraints on the abundances of chemotaxis proteins arise from the requirements of self-assembly, both of flagellar motors and of chemoreceptor arrays. All these constraints are specific to chemotaxis, and published data confirm that chemotaxis proteins tend to be more highly expressed than their homologs in other pathways. Employing a chemotaxis pathway model, we show that the gain of the pathway at the level of the response regulator CheY increases with overall chemotaxis protein abundances. This may explain why, at least in one E. coli strain, the abundance of all chemotaxis proteins is higher in media w...
Neutrino oscillation constraints on neutrinoless double beta decay
S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; C. W. Kim; M. Monteno
1997-11-20T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the constraints imposed by the results of neutrino oscillation experiments on the effective Majorana mass || that characterizes the contribution of Majorana neutrino masses to the matrix element of neutrinoless double-beta decay. We have shown that in a general scheme with three Majorana neutrinos and a hierarchy of neutrino masses (which can be explained by the see-saw mechanism), the results of neutrino oscillation experiments imply rather strong constraints on the parameter ||. From the results of the first reactor long-baseline experiment CHOOZ and the Bugey experiment it follows that || | > 10^{-1} eV would be a signal for a non-hierarchical neutrino mass spectrum and/or non-standard mechanisms of lepton number violation.
Solar System Constraints on Gauss-Bonnet Mediated Dark Energy
Luca Amendola; Christos Charmousis; Stephen C. Davis
2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
Although the Gauss-Bonnet term is a topological invariant for general relativity, it couples naturally to a quintessence scalar field, modifying gravity at solar system scales. We determine the solar system constraints due to this term by evaluating the post-Newtonian metric for a distributional source. We find a mass dependent, 1/r^7 correction to the Newtonian potential, and also deviations from the Einstein gravity prediction for light-bending. We constrain the parameters of the theory using planetary orbits, the Cassini spacecraft data, and a laboratory test of Newton's law, always finding extremely tight bounds on the energy associated to the Gauss-Bonnet term. We discuss the relevance of these constraints to late-time cosmological acceleration.
Constraints on extra dimensions from precision molecular spectroscopy
Salumbides, E J; Gato-Rivera, B; Ubachs, W
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate investigations of quantum level energies in molecular systems are shown to provide a test ground to constrain the size of compactified extra dimensions. This is made possible by the recent progress in precision metrology with ultrastable lasers on energy levels in neutral molecular hydrogen (H$_2$, HD and D$_2$) and the molecular hydrogen ions (H$_2^+$, HD$^+$ and D$_2^+$). Comparisons between experiment and quantum electrodynamics calculations for these molecular systems can be interpreted in terms of probing large extra dimensions, under which conditions gravity will become much stronger. Molecules are a probe of space-time geometry at typical distances where chemical bonds are effective, i.e. at length scales of an \\AA. Constraints on compactification radii for extra dimensions are derived within the Arkani-Hamed-Dimopoulos-Dvali framework, while constraints for curvature or brane separation are derived within the Randall-Sundrum framework. Based on the molecular spectroscopy of D$_2$ molecules an...
Constraints on Axion Inflation from the Weak Gravity Conjecture
Rudelius, Tom
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive constraints facing models of axion inflation based on decay constant alignment from a string-theoretic and quantum gravitational perspective. In particular, we investigate the prospects for alignment and `anti-alignment' of $C_4$ axion decay constants in type IIB string theory, deriving a strict no-go result in the latter case. We discuss the relationship of axion decay constants to the weak gravity conjecture and demonstrate agreement between our string-theoretic constraints and those coming from the `generalized' weak gravity conjecture. Finally, we consider a particular model of decay constant alignment in which the potential of $C_4$ axions in type IIB compactifications on a Calabi-Yau three-fold is dominated by contributions from $D7$-branes, pointing out that this model evades some of the challenges derived earlier in our paper but is highly constrained by other geometric considerations.
Planning for environmental constraints on the PJM system
Not Available
1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
This chapter provides a snapshot of the existing PJM system and identifies the environmental constraints that form the parameters for the regional approaches analyzed in this study. The chapter begins with a description of the PJM system and the costs and emissions levels of the pollutants under study associated with the reference case (the PJM system configured to meet only Clean Air Act Amendment Phase I SO{sub 2} requirements and the March 1994 NO{sub x} requirements affecting Phase I units){sup 3}. Next, the pollution-reduction scenario assumed for the purpose of the study, which covers the period 1995--2010, is described. Finally, the impacts of this pollution reduction scenario -- emissions that would need to be avoided on the reference case PJM system -- are identified. Modeling methods are described alongside the study`s results. Other chapters discuss: environmental constraints, alternate plans to achieve environmental goals, and comparison of alternate plans.
Solar System Constraints on Gauss-Bonnet Dark Energy
Stephen C. Davis
2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
Quadratic curvature Gauss-Bonnet gravity may be the solution to the dark energy problem, but a large coupling strength is required. This can lead to conflict with laboratory and planetary tests of Newton's law, as well as light bending. The corresponding constraints are derived. If applied directly to cosmological scales, the resulting bound on the density fraction is |Omega_GB| < 3.6 x 10^-32.
The First Lunar Ranging Constraints on Gravity Sector SME Parameters
James B. R. Battat; John F. Chandler; Christopher Stubbs
2007-10-03T23:59:59.000Z
We present the first constraints on pure-gravity sector Standard-Model Extension (SME) parameters using Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR). LLR measures the round trip travel time of light between the Earth and the Moon. With 34+ years of LLR data, we have constrained six independent linear combinations of SME parameters at the level of $10^{-6}$ to $10^{-11}$. There is no evidence for Lorentz violation in the LLR dataset.
Observational constraints on gauge field production in axion inflation
Meerburg, P.D. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Pajer, E., E-mail: meerburg@princeton.edu, E-mail: enrico.pajer@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)
2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
Models of axion inflation are particularly interesting since they provide a natural justification for the flatness of the potential over a super-Planckian distance, namely the approximate shift-symmetry of the inflaton. In addition, most of the observational consequences are directly related to this symmetry and hence are correlated. Large tensor modes can be accompanied by the observable effects of a the shift-symmetric coupling ?F F-tilde to a gauge field. During inflation this coupling leads to a copious production of gauge quanta and consequently a very distinct modification of the primordial curvature perturbations. In this work we compare these predictions with observations. We find that the leading constraint on the model comes from the CMB power spectrum when considering both WMAP 7-year and ACT data. The bispectrum generated by the non-Gaussian inverse-decay of the gauge field leads to a comparable but slightly weaker constraint. There is also a constraint from ?-distortion using TRIS plus COBE/FIRAS data, but it is much weaker. Finally we comment on a generalization of the model to massive gauge fields. When the mass is generated by some light Higgs field, observably large local non-Gaussianity can be produced.
Infrared limit in external field scattering
Andrzej Herdegen
2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z
Scattering of electrons/positrons by external classical electromagnetic wave packet is considered in infrared limit. In this limit the scattering operator exists and produces physical effects, although the scattering cross-section is trivial.
Fractal Graphics Proprietary Limited 39 Fairway, Nedlands,
Boschetti, Fabio
1 Fractal Graphics Proprietary Limited 39 Fairway, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia 6009 djh@fractalgraphics.com.au 2 Fractal Graphics Proprietary Limited 39 Fairway, Nedlands, Western Australia, Australia 6009 nja
FUNDAMENTAL PERFORMANCE LIMITS OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS
Li, Baochun
FUNDAMENTAL PERFORMANCE LIMITS OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS ZHIHUA HU, BAOCHUN LI Abstract. Understanding the fundamental performance limits of wireless sensor networks is critical towards. Key words. Wireless sensor networks, network capacity, network lifetime. 1. Introduction. When
Neural substrates of cognitive capacity limitations
Buschman, Tim
Cognition has a severely limited capacity: Adult humans can retain only about four items “in mind”. This limitation is fundamental to human brain function: Individual capacity is highly correlated with intelligence measures ...
Implementing Risk-Limiting Audits in California
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
cast09.pdf. Philip B. Stark. Risk-limiting post-electionthe N.J. law the ?rst “risk-based statistical audit law. ”Holt bill does not limit risk. The Holt bill has a clause
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Pablant, N. A.; Bell, R. E.; Bitter, M.; Delgado-Aparicio, L.; Hill, K. W.; Lazerson, S.; Morita, S.
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate tomographic inversion is important for diagnostic systems on stellarators and tokamaks which rely on measurements of line integrated emission spectra. A tomographic inversion technique based on spline optimization with enforcement of constraints is described that can produce unique and physically relevant inversions even in situations with noisy or incomplete input data. This inversion technique is routinely used in the analysis of data from the x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer (XICS) installed at LHD. The XICS diagnostic records a 1D image of line integrated emission spectra from impurities in the plasma. Through the use of Doppler spectroscopy and tomographic inversion, XICSmore »can provide pro#12;file measurements of the local emissivity, temperature and plasma flow. Tomographic inversion requires the assumption that these measured quantities are flux surface functions, and that a known plasma equilibrium reconstruction is available. In the case of low signal levels or partial spatial coverage of the plasma cross-section, standard inversion techniques utilizing matrix inversion and linear-regularization often cannot produce unique and physically relevant solutions. The addition of physical constraints, such as parameter ranges, derivative directions, and boundary conditions, allow for unique solutions to be reliably found. The constrained inversion technique described here utilizes a modifi#12;ed Levenberg-Marquardt optimization scheme, which introduces a condition avoidance mechanism by selective reduction of search directions. The constrained inversion technique also allows for the addition of more complicated parameter dependencies, for example geometrical dependence of the emissivity due to asymmetries in the plasma density arising from fast rotation. The accuracy of this constrained inversion technique is discussed, with an emphasis on its applicability to systems with limited plasma coverage.« less
Constraints on shallow {sup 56}Ni from the early light curves of type Ia supernovae
Piro, Anthony L. [Theoretical Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E California Boulevard, M/C 350-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Nakar, Ehud, E-mail: piro@caltech.edu [Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)
2014-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
Ongoing transient surveys are presenting an unprecedented account of the rising light curves of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). This early emission probes the shallowest layers of the exploding white dwarf (WD), which can provide constraints on the progenitor star and the properties of the explosive burning. We use semianalytic models of radioactively powered rising light curves to analyze these observations. As we have summarized in previous work, the main limiting factor in determining the surface distribution of {sup 56}Ni is the lack of an unambiguously identified time of explosion, as would be provided by detection of shock breakout or shock-heated cooling. Without this the SN may in principle exhibit a 'dark phase' for a few hours to days, where the only emission is from shock-heated cooling that is too dim to be detected. We show that by assuming a theoretically motivated time-dependent velocity evolution, the explosion time can be better constrained, albeit with potential systematic uncertainties. This technique is used to infer the surface {sup 56}Ni distributions of three recent SNe Ia that were caught especially early in their rise. In all three we find fairly similar {sup 56}Ni distributions. Observations of SN 2011fe and SN 2012cg probe shallower depths than SN 2009ig, and in these two cases {sup 56}Ni is present merely ?10{sup –2} M {sub ?} from the WDs' surfaces. The uncertainty in this result is up to an order of magnitude given the difficulty of precisely constraining the explosion time. We also use our conclusions about the explosion times to reassess radius constraints for the progenitor of SN 2011fe, as well as discuss the roughly t {sup 2} power law that is inferred for many observed rising light curves.
Pablant, N. A.; Bell, R. E.; Bitter, M.; Delgado-Aparicio, L.; Hill, K. W.; Lazerson, S. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Morita, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu (Japan)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate tomographic inversion is important for diagnostic systems on stellarators and tokamaks which rely on measurements of line integrated emission spectra. A tomographic inversion technique based on spline optimization with enforcement of constraints is described that can produce unique and physically relevant inversions even in situations with noisy or incomplete input data. This inversion technique is routinely used in the analysis of data from the x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer (XICS) installed at the Large Helical Device. The XICS diagnostic records a 1D image of line integrated emission spectra from impurities in the plasma. Through the use of Doppler spectroscopy and tomographic inversion, XICS can provide profile measurements of the local emissivity, temperature, and plasma flow. Tomographic inversion requires the assumption that these measured quantities are flux surface functions, and that a known plasma equilibrium reconstruction is available. In the case of low signal levels or partial spatial coverage of the plasma cross-section, standard inversion techniques utilizing matrix inversion and linear-regularization often cannot produce unique and physically relevant solutions. The addition of physical constraints, such as parameter ranges, derivative directions, and boundary conditions, allow for unique solutions to be reliably found. The constrained inversion technique described here utilizes a modified Levenberg-Marquardt optimization scheme, which introduces a condition avoidance mechanism by selective reduction of search directions. The constrained inversion technique also allows for the addition of more complicated parameter dependencies, for example, geometrical dependence of the emissivity due to asymmetries in the plasma density arising from fast rotation. The accuracy of this constrained inversion technique is discussed, with an emphasis on its applicability to systems with limited plasma coverage.
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Pablant, N. A. [PPPL; Bell, R. E. [PPPL; Bitter, M. [PPPL; Delgado-Aparicio, L. [PPPL; Hill, K. W. [PPPL; Lazerson, S. [PPPL; Morita, S. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292, Gifu, Japan
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate tomographic inversion is important for diagnostic systems on stellarators and tokamaks which rely on measurements of line integrated emission spectra. A tomographic inversion technique based on spline optimization with enforcement of constraints is described that can produce unique and physically relevant inversions even in situations with noisy or incomplete input data. This inversion technique is routinely used in the analysis of data from the x-ray imaging crystal spectrometer (XICS) installed at LHD. The XICS diagnostic records a 1D image of line integrated emission spectra from impurities in the plasma. Through the use of Doppler spectroscopy and tomographic inversion, XICS can provide pro#12;file measurements of the local emissivity, temperature and plasma flow. Tomographic inversion requires the assumption that these measured quantities are flux surface functions, and that a known plasma equilibrium reconstruction is available. In the case of low signal levels or partial spatial coverage of the plasma cross-section, standard inversion techniques utilizing matrix inversion and linear-regularization often cannot produce unique and physically relevant solutions. The addition of physical constraints, such as parameter ranges, derivative directions, and boundary conditions, allow for unique solutions to be reliably found. The constrained inversion technique described here utilizes a modifi#12;ed Levenberg-Marquardt optimization scheme, which introduces a condition avoidance mechanism by selective reduction of search directions. The constrained inversion technique also allows for the addition of more complicated parameter dependencies, for example geometrical dependence of the emissivity due to asymmetries in the plasma density arising from fast rotation. The accuracy of this constrained inversion technique is discussed, with an emphasis on its applicability to systems with limited plasma coverage.
Non-Linear Massive Gravity with Additional Primary Constraint and Absence of Ghosts
J. Kluson
2012-04-13T23:59:59.000Z
We complete the Hamiltonian analysis of specific model of non-linear massive gravity that was started in arXiv:1112.5267. We identify the primary constraint and corresponding secondary constraint. We show that they are the second class constraints and hence they lead to the elimination of the additional scalar mode. We also find that the remaining constraints are the first class constraints with the structure that corresponds to the manifestly diffeomorphism invariant theory. Finally we determine the number of physical degrees of freedom and we show that it corresponds to the number of physical modes of massive gravity.
High temperature superconducting fault current limiter
Hull, J.R.
1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
A fault current limiter for an electrical circuit is disclosed. The fault current limiter includes a high temperature superconductor in the electrical circuit. The high temperature superconductor is cooled below its critical temperature to maintain the superconducting electrical properties during operation as the fault current limiter. 15 figs.
High temperature superconducting fault current limiter
Hull, John R. (Hinsdale, IL)
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A fault current limiter (10) for an electrical circuit (14). The fault current limiter (10) includes a high temperature superconductor (12) in the electrical circuit (14). The high temperature superconductor (12) is cooled below its critical temperature to maintain the superconducting electrical properties during operation as the fault current limiter (10).
CMB constraints on mass and coupling constant of light pseudoscalar particles
Damian Ejlli; Alexander D. Dolgov
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Transformation of CMB photons into light pseudoscalar particles at post big bang nucleosynthesis epoch is considered. Using the present day value of a large scale magnetic field to estimate it at earlier cosmological epochs, the oscillation probability of photons into light pseudoscalar particles with an account of coherence breaking in cosmological plasma is calculated. Demanding that the photon transformation does not lead to an exceedingly large CMB spectral distortion and temperature anisotropy, the constraints on the coupling constant of axion like particles to photons, $ g_{\\phi\\gamma} B \\lesssim (10^{-15} - 10^{-12}) \\textrm{nG}\\times \\textrm{GeV}^{-1}$, are found for the axion like particle mass in the interval $10^{-25}$ eV $\\lesssim m_{\\phi}\\lesssim 10^{-5}$ eV, where $B$ is the strength of the large scale magnetic field at the present time. Our results update the previously obtained ones since we use the density matrix formalism which is more accurate than the wave function approximation for the description of oscillations with an essential coherence breaking. In the axion like particle mass range $10^{-25}$ eV $\\lesssim m_{\\phi}\\lesssim 10^{-14}$ eV, weaker limits, by at least 2 orders of magnitude $g_{\\phi\\gamma} B \\lesssim 10^{-11}\\textrm{nG}\\times \\textrm{GeV}^{-1}$, are obtained in comparison with the wave function approximation. In the mass range $10^{-14}$ eV $\\lesssim m_{\\phi}\\lesssim 10^{-5}$ eV, on the other hand, limits that are stronger, by more than an order of magnitude are obtained. Our results are derived by using upper limits on spectral distortion parameter $\\mu$ and temperature anisotropy $\\Delta T/T$ found by COBE and expected sensitivities by PIXIE/PRISM.
CMB constraint on non-Gaussianity in isocurvature perturbations
Hikage, Chiaki [Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Kawasaki, Masahiro [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8582 (Japan); Sekiguchi, Toyokazu [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Nagoya University, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Takahashi, Tomo, E-mail: hikage@kmi.nagoya-u.ac.jp, E-mail: kawasaki@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: toyokazu.sekiguchi@nagoya-u.jp, E-mail: tomot@cc.saga-u.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Saga University, Saga 840-8502 (Japan)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the CMB constraints on non-Gaussianity in CDM isocurvature perturbations. Non-Gaussian isocurvature perturbations can be produced in various models at the very early stage of the Universe. Since the isocurvature perturbations little affect the structure formation at late times, CMB is the best probe of isocurvature non-Gaussianity at least in the near future. In this paper, we focus on non-Gaussian curvature and isocurvature perturbations of the local-type, which are uncorrelated and in the form ? = ?{sub G}+(3/5)f{sub NL}(?{sub G}{sup 2}?(?{sub G}{sup 2})) and S = S{sub G}+f{sub NL}{sup (ISO)}(S{sub G}?(S{sub G}{sup 2})), and constrain the non-linearity parameter of isocurvature perturbations, f{sub NL}{sup (ISO)}, as well as the curvature one f{sub NL}. For this purpose, we employ several state-of-art techniques for the analysis of CMB data and simulation. Assuming that isocurvature perturbations are subdominant, we apply our method to the WMAP 7-year data of temperature anisotropy and obtain constraints on a combination ?{sup 2}f{sub NL}{sup (ISO)}, where ? is the ratio of the power spectrum of isocurvature perturbations to that of the adiabatic ones. When the adiabatic perturbations are assumed to be Gaussian, we obtained a constraint ?{sup 2}f{sub NL}{sup (ISO)} = 40±66 assuming the power spectrum of isocurvature perturbations is scale-invariant. When we assume that the adiabatic perturbations can also be non-Gaussian, we obtain f{sub NL} = 38±24 and ?{sup 2}f{sub NL}{sup (ISO)} = ?8±72. We also discuss implications of our results for the axion CDM isocurvature model.
Constraints on particle dark matter from cosmic-ray antiprotons
N. Fornengo; L. Maccione; A. Vittino
2015-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
Cosmic-ray antiprotons represent an important channel for dark matter indirect-detection studies. Current measurements of the antiproton flux at the top of the atmosphere and theoretical determinations of the secondary antiproton production in the Galaxy are in good agreement, with no manifest deviation which could point to an exotic contribution in this channel. Therefore, antiprotons can be used as a powerful tool for constraining particle dark matter properties. By using the spectrum of PAMELA data from 50 MV to 180 GV in rigidity, we derive bounds on the dark matter annihilation cross section (or decay rate, for decaying dark matter) for the whole spectrum of dark matter annihilation (decay) channels and under different hypotheses of cosmic-rays transport in the Galaxy and in the heliosphere. For typical models of galactic propagation, the constraints are significantly strong, setting a lower bound on the dark matter mass of a "thermal" relic at about 50-90 GeV for hadronic annihilation channels. These bounds are enhanced to about 150 GeV on the dark matter mass, when large cosmic-rays confinement volumes in the Galaxy are considered, and are reduced to 4-5 GeV for annihilation to light quarks (no bound for heavy-quark production) when the confinement volume is small. Bounds for dark matter lighter than few tens of GeV are due to the low energy part of the PAMELA spectrum, an energy region where solar modulation is relevant: to this aim, we have implemented a detailed solution of the transport equation in the heliosphere, which allowed us not only to extend bounds to light dark matter, but also to determine the uncertainty on the constraints arising from solar modulation modeling. Finally, we estimate the impact of soon-to-come AMS-02 data on the antiproton constraints.
IIS Cuts for Stochastic Programs with Joint Chance-Constraints
2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
service to their customers, air-quality management [2] with the requirement that pollution not exceed prescribed limits too often, and also inventory control ...
Mattia Villani
2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
ADM tetrad gravity is an Hamiltonian reformulation of General Relativity which gives new insight to the Dark Matter Problem. We impose constraints on the parameter space of ADM tetrad gravity with a Yukawa-like ansatz for the trace of the extrinsic curvature of the 3D hypersurfaces by fitting the orbit of the S2 star around the Black Hole in the Galactic center and using the perihelia of some of the planets of the Solar System. We find very thight constraints on the \\emph{strength} of the coupling, $4.2 \\,\\times \\, 10^{-4} \\, \\text{AU}\\,\\lesssim \\, \\delta \\, \\lesssim \\, 4.6 \\, \\times \\, 10^{-4} \\, \\text{AU}$, and an upper limit for the (inverse) scale length, $\\mu \\, \\lesssim \\, 3.5 \\, \\times \\, 10^{-6} \\, \\text{AU}^{-1}$.
Lü, C D; L\\"u, Cai-Dian; Xiao, Zhenjun
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study and try to find the constraint on the CKM angle $\\alpha$ from the experimental measurements of CP violation in $B_d^0 \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^-$ decay, as reported very recently by BaBar and Belle Collaborations. After considering uncertainties of the data and the ratio $r$ of penguin over tree amplitude, we found that: (a) strong constraint on both the CKM angle $\\alpha$ and the strong phase $\\delta$ can be obtained from the measured $\\spp$, $A_{\\pi\\pi}$: only the ranges of $86^\\circ \\leq \\alpha \\leq 148^\\circ$ and $31^\\circ \\leq \\delta \\leq 143^\\circ$ are still allowed by $1\\sigma$ of the averaged data; (b) For Belle's result alone, the limit on $\\alpha$ is $95^\\circ \\leq \\alpha \\leq 152^\\circ$. The angle $\\alpha$ larger than $90^\\circ$ is strongly preferred.
Reassessing thermodynamic and dynamic constraints on global wind power
Makarieva, A M; Nefiodov, A V; Sheil, D; Nobre, A D; Li, B L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze the determinants of the power output of moist atmospheric air. It is shown to be represented as a sum of terms with different physical meanings and uncertainties. We demonstrate that using a thermodynamic approach to constrain the global power output as a whole, e.g. by considering the entropy budget (Lalibert\\'e et al., 2015), results in a loss of information concerning the rate of kinetic energy generation. We discuss why it is important to find dynamic constraints on wind power and emphasize the role of condensation in the generation of atmospheric circulation.
Causality Constraint on Noncritical Einstein-Weyl Gravity
Fu-Wen Shu; Yungui Gong
2014-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
We explore, in the context of AdS/CFT correspondence, the causality constraints on the Noncritical Einstein-Weyl (NEW) gravity model in five dimensions. The scalar and shear channels are considered as small metric perturbations around an AdS black brane background. Our results show that causality analysis on the propagation of these two channels imposes a new bound on the coupling of the Weyl-squared terms in the NEW gravity. This new bound imposes more stringent restrictions than those of the tachyon-free condition, improving predictive power of the theory.
Ashtekar Constraint Surface as Projection of Hilbert-Palatini One
V. M. Khatsymovsky
1996-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
The Hilbert-Palatini (HP) Lagrangian of general relativity being written in terms of selfdual and antiselfdual variables contains Ashtekar Lagrangian (which governs the dynamics of the selfdual sector of the theory on condition that the dynamics of antiselfdual sector is not fixed). We show that nonequivalence of the Ashtekar and HP quantum theories is due to the specific form (of the "loose relation" type) of constraints which relate self- and antiselfdual variables so that the procedure of (canonical) quantisation of such the theory is noncommutative with the procedure of excluding antiselfdual variables.
Constraints on Automorphic Forms of Higher Derivative Terms from Compactification
Finn Gubay; Neil Lambert; Peter West
2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
By dimensionally reducing the higher derivative corrections of ten-dimensional IIB theory on a torus we deduce constraints on the E_{n+1} automorphic forms that occur in d=10-n dimensions. In particular we argue that these automorphic forms involve the representation of E_{n+1} with fundamental weight \\lambda^{n+1}, which is also the representation to which the string charges in d dimensions belong. We also consider a similar calculation for the reduction of higher derivative terms in eleven-dimensional M-theory.
Dynamic storage of continuous products under volume constraints
Lewis, Harry Swift
1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
as assigned to the products and sharing, and will. indicate the best feasible solution. This com- piete enumeration is for the purpose of illu tration and will be. shown more directly in another section. There- fore, the problem reduces to one...), then the solution may be given as Q'=S-S m (13) Qmax tm (Pm mj It can be seen that if the tank release constraints in (10'i are sati. sfied, for any tank assignment, that the solution is determined by (11) or (13) depending on the ~ condition established...
Quiet planting in the locked constraints satisfaction problems
Zdeborova, Lenka [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Krzakala, Florent [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the planted ensemble of locked constraint satisfaction problems. We describe the connection between the random and planted ensembles. The use of the cavity method is combined with arguments from reconstruction on trees and first and second moment considerations; in particular the connection with the reconstruction on trees appears to be crucial. Our main result is the location of the hard region in the planted ensemble, thus providing hard satisfiable benchmarks. In a part of that hard region instances have with high probability a single satisfying assignment.
Impact limiter retention using a tape joint
Gonzales, A.; Eakes, R.G.
1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Beneficial Uses Shipping System (BUSS) Cask employs polyurethane foam impact limiters that fit onto the ends of the cask. A foam impact limiter takes energy out of a system during a hypothetical accident condition by allowing foam crush and large deformations to occur. This, in turn, precludes high stresses or deformations from occurring to the cask. Because of the need to transmit significant amounts of heat to the environment, the BUSS cask impact limiters were designed to shield a minimum amount of the cask surface area. With this design impact limiter retention after the initial impact resulting from the 9 meter regulatory drops becomes a concern. Retention is essential to ensure the cask does not experience higher stresses during any secondary or rebound effects without impact limiters than it does during the 9 meter regulatory drop with impact limiters in place.
Cheng, Jay; Yang, Sheng-Hua; Chao, Tsz-Hsuan; Lee, Duan-Shin; Lien, Ching-Min
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this two-part paper, we consider SDL constructions of optical queues with a limited number of recirculations through the optical switches and the fiber delay lines. We show that the constructions of certain types of optical queues, including linear compressors, linear decompressors, and 2-to-1 FIFO multiplexers, under a simple packet routing scheme and under the constraint of a limited number of recirculations can be transformed into equivalent integer representation problems under a corresponding constraint. Given $M$ and $k$, the problem of finding an \\emph{optimal} construction, in the sense of maximizing the maximum delay (resp., buffer size), among our constructions of linear compressors/decompressors (resp., 2-to-1 FIFO multiplexers) is equivalent to the problem of finding an optimal sequence ${\\dbf^*}_1^M$ in $\\Acal_M$ (resp., $\\Bcal_M$) such that $B({\\dbf^*}_1^M;k)=\\max_{\\dbf_1^M\\in \\Acal_M}B(\\dbf_1^M;k)$ (resp., $B({\\dbf^*}_1^M;k)=\\max_{\\dbf_1^M\\in \\Bcal_M}B(\\dbf_1^M;k)$), where $\\Acal_M$ (resp., ...
Super-Kamiokande Constraints on R-parity Violating Supersymmetry
Vadim Bednyakov; Amand Faessler; Sergey Kovalenko
1998-08-06T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the neutrino oscillations within the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violation. The Super-Kamiokande atmospheric neutrino data are used to set limits on the bilinear R-parity violating terms. These very stringent limits are out of reach of the other experiments at present and in the near future.
Possible Constraints on Neutron Electric Dipole Moment from Pulsar Radiation
C. Sivaram
2010-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
Even if only a small fraction of neutron dipole moments are aligned in a neutron star, observed pulsar radiation loses provide a stringent limit on the neutron electric dipole moment of <10-29 ecm, more stringent than best current experimental limits.
New constraints for heavy axion-like particles from supernovae
Giannotti, M.; Nita, R. [Physical Sciences, Barry University, Miami Shores, FL 33161 (United States); Duffy, L.D., E-mail: mgiannotti@mail.barry.edu, E-mail: ldd@lanl.gov, E-mail: Rafaela.Nita@mymail.barry.edu [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We derive new constraints on the coupling of heavy pseudoscalar (axion-like) particles to photons, based on the gamma ray flux expected from the decay of these particles into photons. After being produced in the supernova core, these heavy axion-like particles would escape and a fraction of them would decay into photons before reaching the Earth. We have calculated the expected flux on Earth of these photons from the supernovae SN 1987A and Cassiopeia A and compared our results to data from the Fermi Large Area Telescope. This analysis provides strong constraints on the parameter space for axion-like particles. For a particle mass of 100 MeV, we find that the Peccei-Quinn constant, f{sub a}, must be greater than about 10{sup 15} GeV. Alternatively, for f{sub a} = 10{sup 12} GeV, we exclude the mass region between approximately 100 eV and 1 GeV.
Evaluation of Crystallinity Constraint for HLW Glass Processing
Hrma, Pavel R.; Matyas, Josef; Kim, Dong-Sang
2002-11-12T23:59:59.000Z
It has been a commonly held assumption that constraining liquidus temperature (TL) prevents the accumulation of crystalline phases in the high-level waste (HLW) glass melter because crystals, if they form at all, should dissolve easily in the melt at tempera-tures above liquidus. This, as the model calculation showed, is not the case in melters with fast circulation flow. If the melt circulates rapidly between cool and hot regions, crystals do not have a sufficient time to dissolve while in the hot zone. As a result, a steady-state size and concentration of crystals is established throughout most of the melter during normal operation. A consequence of this result is that the rate of crystal ac-cumulation in the melter only slightly increases with increasing TL, but strongly increases with increasing crystal size. For the melter simulated by the model, the TL could be 100°C above the accepted constraint without a serious impact on melter performance. Nucleation agents that keep crystals small abound in most HLWs but are often absent in simulated wastes for experimental melter runs. The weak impact of TL on melter per-formance is an important finding because without the current TL constraint, the HLW glass volume at Hanford can significantly decrease
CMB Constraints On The Thermal WIMP Annihilation Cross Section
Steigman, Gary
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A thermal relic, often referred to as a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP),is a particle produced during the early evolution of the Universe whose relic abundance (e.g., at present) depends only on its mass and its thermally averaged annihilation cross section (annihilation rate factor) sigma*v_ann. Late time WIMP annihilation has the potential to affect the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum. Current observational constraints on the absence of such effects provide bounds on the mass and the annihilation cross section of relic particles that may, but need not be dark matter candidates. For a WIMP that is a dark matter candidate, the CMB constraint sets an upper bound to the annihilation cross section, leading to a lower bound to their mass that depends on whether or not the WIMP is its own antiparticle. For a self-conjugate WIMP, m_min = 50f GeV, where f is an electromagnetic energy efficiency factor. For a non self-conjugate WIMP, the minimum mass is a factor of two larger. For a WIMP t...
Unbiased constraints on the clumpiness of universe from standard candles
Li, Zhengxiang; Zhu, Zong-Hong
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We perform unbiased tests for the clumpiness of universe by confronting the Zel'dovich-Kantowski-Dyer-Roeder luminosity distance which describes the effect of local inhomogeneities on the propagation of light with the observational one estimated from measurements of standard candles, i.e., type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) and gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). Methodologically, we first determine the light-curve fitting parameters which account for distance estimation in SNe Ia observations and luminosity/energy relations which are responsible for distance estimation of GRBs in the global fit to reconstruct the Hubble diagrams in the context of a clumpy universe. Subsequently, these Hubble diagrams allow us to achieve unbiased constraints on the matter density parameter $\\Omega_m$ as well as clumpiness parameter $\\eta$ which quantifies the fraction of homogeneously distributed matter within a given light cone. At 1$\\sigma$ confidence level, the constraints are $\\Omega_m=0.34\\pm0.02$ and $\\eta=1.00^{+0.00}_{-0.02}$ from the ...
Goldstein, S.J.; Abdel-Fattah, A.I.; Murrell, M.T.; Dobson, P.F.; Norman, D.E.; Amato, R.S.; Nunn, A. J.
2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Uranium-series data for groundwater samples from the Nopal I uranium ore deposit were obtained to place constraints on radionuclide transport and hydrologic processes for a nuclear waste repository located in fractured, unsaturated volcanic tuff. Decreasing uranium concentrations for wells drilled in 2003 are consistent with a simple physical mixing model that indicates that groundwater velocities are low ({approx}10 m/y). Uranium isotopic constraints, well productivities, and radon systematics also suggest limited groundwater mixing and slow flow in the saturated zone. Uranium isotopic systematics for seepage water collected in the mine adit show a spatial dependence which is consistent with longer water-rock interaction times and higher uranium dissolution inputs at the front adit where the deposit is located. Uranium-series disequilibria measurements for mostly unsaturated zone samples indicate that {sup 230}Th/{sup 238}U activity ratios range from 0.005-0.48 and {sup 226}Ra/{sup 238}U activity ratios range from 0.006-113. {sup 239}Pu/{sup 238}U mass ratios for the saturated zone are <2 x 10{sup -14}, and Pu mobility in the saturated zone is >1000 times lower than the U mobility. Saturated zone mobility decreases in the order {sup 238}U{approx}{sup 226}Ra > {sup 230}Th{approx}{sup 239}Pu. Radium and thorium appear to have higher mobility in the unsaturated zone based on U-series data from fractures and seepage water near the deposit.
Constraints on the Formation and Evolution of Circumstellar Disks in Rotating Magnetized Cloud Cores
Shantanu Basu
1998-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
We use magnetic collapse models to place some constraints on the formation and angular momentum evolution of circumstellar disks which are embedded in magnetized cloud cores. Previous models have shown that the early evolution of a magnetized cloud core is governed by ambipolar diffusion and magnetic braking, and that the core takes the form of a nonequilibrium flattened envelope which ultimately collapses dynamically to form a protostar. In this paper, we focus on the inner centrifugally-supported disk, which is formed only after a central protostar exists, and grows by dynamical accretion from the flattened envelope. We estimate a centrifugal radius for the collapse of mass shells within a rotating, magnetized cloud core. The centrifugal radius of the inner disk is related to its mass through the two important parameters characterizing the background medium: the background rotation rate $\\Omb$ and the background magnetic field strength $\\Bref$. We also revisit the issue of how rapidly mass is deposited onto the disk (the mass accretion rate) and use several recent models to comment upon the likely outcome in magnetized cores. Our model predicts that a significant centrifugal disk (much larger than a stellar radius) will be present in the very early (Class 0) stage of protostellar evolution. Additionally, we derive an upper limit for the disk radius as it evolves due to internal torques, under the assumption that the star-disk system conserves its mass and angular momentum even while most of the mass is transferred to a central star.
INTERPRETING THE GLOBAL 21 cm SIGNAL FROM HIGH REDSHIFTS. I. MODEL-INDEPENDENT CONSTRAINTS
Mirocha, Jordan; Harker, Geraint J. A.; Burns, Jack O., E-mail: jordan.mirocha@colorado.edu [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, Campus Box 389, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States)
2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z
The sky-averaged (global) 21 cm signal is a powerful probe of the intergalactic medium (IGM) prior to the completion of reionization. However, so far it has been unclear whether it will provide more than crude estimates of when the universe's first stars and black holes formed, even in the best case scenario in which the signal is accurately extracted from the foregrounds. In contrast to previous work, which has focused on predicting the 21 cm signatures of the first luminous objects, we investigate an arbitrary realization of the signal and attempt to translate its features to the physical properties of the IGM. Within a simplified global framework, the 21 cm signal yields quantitative constraints on the Ly? background intensity, net heat deposition, ionized fraction, and their time derivatives without invoking models for the astrophysical sources themselves. The 21 cm absorption signal is most easily interpreted, setting strong limits on the heating rate density of the universe with a measurement of its redshift alone, independent of the ionization history or details of the Ly? background evolution. In a companion paper, we extend these results, focusing on the confidence with which one can infer source emissivities from IGM properties.
Constraints on the symmetry energy from observational probes of the neutron star crust
Newton, William G; Gearheart, Michael; Murphy, Kyleah; Wen, De-Hua; Fattoyev, Farrukh; Li, Bao-An
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A number of observed phenomena associated with individual neutron star systems or neutron star populations find explanations in models in which the neutron star crust plays an important role. We review recent work examining the sensitivity to the slope of the symmetry energy $L$ of such models, and constraints extracted on $L$ from confronting them with observations. We focus on six sets of observations and proposed explanations: (i) The cooling rate of the neutron star in Cassiopeia A, confronting cooling models which include enhanced cooling in the nuclear pasta regions of the inner crust, (ii) the upper limit of the observed periods of young X-ray pulsars, confronting models of magnetic field decay in the crust caused by the high resistivity of the nuclear pasta layer, (iii) glitches from the Vela pulsar, confronting the paradigm that they arise due to a sudden re-coupling of the crustal neutron superfluid to the crustal lattice after a period during which they were decoupled due to vortex pinning, (iv) Th...
The Chandrasekhar limit for quark stars
Shibaji Banerjee; Sanjay K. Ghosh; Sibaji Raha
2000-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
The Chandrasekhar limit for quark stars is evaluated from simple energy balance relations, as proposed by Landau for white dwarfs or neutron stars. It has been found that the limit for quark stars depends on, in addition to the fundamental constants, the Bag constant.
Constraints on the symmetry energy from observational probes of the neutron star crust
William G. Newton; Joshua Hooker; Michael Gearheart; Kyleah Murphy; De-Hua Wen; Farrukh Fattoyev; Bao-An Li
2015-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
A number of observed phenomena associated with individual neutron star systems or neutron star populations find explanations in models in which the neutron star crust plays an important role. We review recent work examining the sensitivity to the slope of the symmetry energy $L$ of such models, and constraints extracted on $L$ from confronting them with observations. We focus on six sets of observations and proposed explanations: (i) The cooling rate of the neutron star in Cassiopeia A, confronting cooling models which include enhanced cooling in the nuclear pasta regions of the inner crust, (ii) the upper limit of the observed periods of young X-ray pulsars, confronting models of magnetic field decay in the crust caused by the high resistivity of the nuclear pasta layer, (iii) glitches from the Vela pulsar, confronting the paradigm that they arise due to a sudden re-coupling of the crustal neutron superfluid to the crustal lattice after a period during which they were decoupled due to vortex pinning, (iv) The frequencies of quasi-periodic oscillations in the X-ray tail of light curves from giant flares from soft gamma-ray repeaters, confronting models of torsional crust oscillations, (v) the upper limit on the frequency to which millisecond pulsars can be spun-up due to accretion from a binary companion, confronting models of the r-mode instability arising above a threshold frequency determined in part by the viscous dissipation timescale at the crust-core boundary, and (vi) the observations of precursor electromagnetic flares a few seconds before short gamma-ray bursts, confronting a model of crust shattering caused by resonant excitation of a crustal oscillation mode by the tidal gravitational field of a companion neutron star just before merger.
Radio and gamma-ray constraints on dark matter annihilation in the Galactic center
Roland M. Crocker; Nicole F. Bell; Csaba Balázs; David I. Jones
2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
We determine upper limits on the dark matter (DM) self-annihilation cross section for scenarios in which annihilation leads to the production of electron--positron pairs. In the Galactic centre (GC), relativistic electrons and positrons produce a radio flux via synchroton emission, and a gamma ray flux via bremsstrahlung and inverse Compton scattering. On the basis of archival, interferometric and single-dish radio data, we have determined the radio spectrum of an elliptical region around the Galactic centre of extent 3 degrees semi-major axis (along the Galactic plane) and 1 degree semi-minor axis and a second, rectangular region, also centered on the GC, of extent 1.6 degrees x 0.6 degrees. The radio spectra of both regions are non-thermal over the range of frequencies for which we have data: 74 MHz -- 10 GHz. We also consider gamma-ray data covering the same region from the EGRET instrument (about GeV) and from HESS (around TeV). We show how the combination of these data can be used to place robust constraints on DM annihilation scenarios, in a way which is relatively insensitive to assumptions about the magnetic field amplitude in this region. Our results are approximately an order of magnitude more constraining than existing Galactic centre radio and gamma ray limits. For a DM mass of m_\\chi =10 GeV, and an NFW profile, we find that the velocity-averaged cross-section must be less than a few times 10^-25 cm^3 s^-1.
CONSTRAINTS ON THE EMISSION MODEL OF THE 'NAKED-EYE BURST' GRB 080319B
Abdo, A. A.; Abeysekara, A. U.; Linnemann, J. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, 3245 BioMedical Physical Sciences Building, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Allen, B. T.; Chen, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697 (United States); Aune, T. [Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Berley, D.; Goodman, J. A. [Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Christopher, G. E.; Kolterman, B. E.; Mincer, A. I. [Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States); DeYoung, T. [Department of Physics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Dingus, B. L.; Hoffman, C. M. [Group P-23, Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Ellsworth, R. W. [School of Physics, Astronomy and Computational Sciences, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030 (United States); Gonzalez, M. M. [Instituto de Astronomia, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, D.F., Mexico 04510 (Mexico); Granot, J. [Open University of Israel, 1 University Road, POB 808, Ra'anana 43537 (Israel); Hays, E.; McEnery, J. E. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Huentemeyer, P. H. [Department of Physics, Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI 49931 (United States); and others
2012-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
On 2008 March 19, one of the brightest gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) ever recorded was detected by several ground- and space-based instruments spanning the electromagnetic spectrum from radio to gamma rays. With a peak visual magnitude of 5.3, GRB 080319B was dubbed the 'naked-eye' GRB, as an observer under dark skies could have seen the burst without the aid of an instrument. Presented here are results from observations of the prompt phase of GRB 080319B taken with the Milagro TeV observatory. The burst was observed at an elevation angle of 47 Degree-Sign . Analysis of the data is performed using both the standard air shower method and the scaler or single-particle technique, which results in a sensitive energy range that extends from {approx}5 GeV to >20 TeV. These observations provide the only direct constraints on the properties of the high-energy gamma-ray emission from GRB 080319B at these energies. No evidence for emission is found in the Milagro data, and upper limits on the gamma-ray flux above 10 GeV are derived. The limits on emission between {approx}25 and 200 GeV are incompatible with the synchrotron self-Compton model of gamma-ray production and disfavor a corresponding range (2 eV-16 eV) of assumed synchrotron peak energies. This indicates that the optical photons and soft ({approx}650 keV) gamma rays may not be produced by the same electron population.
Mancarella, P; Sadri, F; Toni, F; Endriss, U
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the CIFF proof procedure for abductive logic programming with constraints, and we prove its correctness. CIFF is an extension of the IFF proof procedure for abductive logic programming, relaxing the original restrictions over variable quantification (allowedness conditions) and incorporating a constraint solver to deal with numerical constraints as in constraint logic programming. Finally, we describe the CIFF system, comparing it with state of the art abductive systems and answer set solvers and showing how to use it to program some applications. (To appear in Theory and Practice of Logic Programming - TPLP).
Environmental Constraints on Hydropower: An Ex Post Benefit-Cost Analysis of Dam
Kotchen, Matthew J.
Environmental Constraints on Hydropower: An Ex Post Benefit-Cost Analysis of Dam Relicensing Consumers Protection Act (1986), which instructs federal regulators to ``balance'' hydropower
Self-triggering superconducting fault current limiter
Yuan, Xing (Albany, NY); Tekletsadik, Kasegn (Rexford, NY)
2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
A modular and scaleable Matrix Fault Current Limiter (MFCL) that functions as a "variable impedance" device in an electric power network, using components made of superconducting and non-superconducting electrically conductive materials. The matrix fault current limiter comprises a fault current limiter module that includes a superconductor which is electrically coupled in parallel with a trigger coil, wherein the trigger coil is magnetically coupled to the superconductor. The current surge doing a fault within the electrical power network will cause the superconductor to transition to its resistive state and also generate a uniform magnetic field in the trigger coil and simultaneously limit the voltage developed across the superconductor. This results in fast and uniform quenching of the superconductors, significantly reduces the burnout risk associated with non-uniformity often existing within the volume of superconductor materials. The fault current limiter modules may be electrically coupled together to form various "n" (rows).times."m" (columns) matrix configurations.
Constraints on the Higgs boson width from off-shell production and decay to Z-boson pairs
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Khachatryan, Vardan; et al.,
2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Constraints are presented on the total width of the recently discovered Higgs boson, Gamma[H], using its relative on-shell and off-shell production and decay rates to a pair of Z bosons, where one Z boson decays to an electron or muon pair, and the other to an electron, muon, or neutrino pair. The analysis is based on the data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2011 and 2012, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 5.1 inverse femtobarns at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt(s) = 7 TeV and 19.7 inverse femtobarns at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. A simultaneous maximum likelihood fitmore »to the measured kinematic distributions near the resonance peak and above the Z-boson pair production threshold leads to an upper limit on the Higgs boson width of Gamma[H] « less
Baardwijk, Angela van [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW Research Institute, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands)], E-mail: angela.vanbaardwijk@maastro.nl; Bosmans, Geert; Boersma, Liesbeth; Wanders, Stofferinus; Dekker, Andre [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW Research Institute, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands); Dingemans, Anne Marie C. [Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands); Bootsma, Gerben [Department of Pulmonology, Atrium Medical Centre, Heerlen (Netherlands); Geraedts, Wiel [Department of Pulmonology, Maasland Hospital, Sittard (Netherlands); Pitz, Cordula [Department of Pulmonology, Sint Laurentius Hospital, Roermond (Netherlands); Simons, Jean [Department of Pulmonology, Sint Jans Gasthuis, Weert (Netherlands); Lambin, Philippe; Ruysscher, Dirk de [Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW Research Institute, University Hospital Maastricht, Maastricht (Netherlands)
2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Local recurrence is a major problem after (chemo-)radiation for non-small-cell lung cancer. We hypothesized that for each individual patient, the highest therapeutic ratio could be achieved by increasing total tumor dose (TTD) to the limits of normal tissues, delivered within 5 weeks. We report first results of a prospective feasibility trial. Methods and Materials: Twenty-eight patients with medically inoperable or locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, World Health Organization performance score of 0-1, and reasonable lung function (forced expiratory volume in 1 second > 50%) were analyzed. All patients underwent irradiation using an individualized prescribed TTD based on normal tissue dose constraints (mean lung dose, 19 Gy; maximal spinal cord dose, 54 Gy) up to a maximal TTD of 79.2 Gy in 1.8-Gy fractions twice daily. No concurrent chemoradiation was administered. Toxicity was scored using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events criteria. An {sup 18}F-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose-positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan was performed to evaluate (metabolic) response 3 months after treatment. Results: Mean delivered dose was 63.0 {+-} 9.8 Gy. The TTD was most often limited by the mean lung dose (32.1%) or spinal cord (28.6%). Acute toxicity generally was mild; only 1 patient experienced Grade 3 cough and 1 patient experienced Grade 3 dysphagia. One patient (3.6%) died of pneumonitis. For late toxicity, 2 patients (7.7%) had Grade 3 cough or dyspnea; none had severe dysphagia. Complete metabolic response was obtained in 44% (11 of 26 patients). With a median follow-up of 13 months, median overall survival was 19.6 months, with a 1-year survival rate of 57.1%. Conclusions: Individualized maximal tolerable dose irradiation based on normal tissue dose constraints is feasible, and initial results are promising.
Constraints on neutrinoless double beta decay from neutrino oscillation experiments
S. M. Bilenky; C. Giunti; M. Monteno
1997-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that, in the framework of a general model with mixing of three Majorana neutrinos and a neutrino mass hierarchy, the results of the Bugey and Krasnoyarsk reactor neutrino oscillation experiments imply strong limitations for the effective Majorana mass || that characterizes the amplitude of neutrinoless double beta decay. We obtain further limitations on || from the data of the atmospheric neutrino experiments. We discuss the possible implications of the results of the future long baseline neutrino oscillation experiments for neutrinoless double beta decay.
Robust Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with SINR Constraints
Ubaidulla, P
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we consider linear precoding with SINR constraints for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-output) communication system in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI). The base station is equipped with multiple transmit antennas and each user terminal is equipped with a single receive antenna. We propose a robust design of linear precoder which transmits minimum power to provide the required SINR at the user terminals when the true channel state lies in a region of a given size around the channel state available at the transmitter. We show that this design problem can be formulated as a Second Order Cone Program (SOCP) which can be solved efficiently. We compare the performance of the proposed design with some of the robust designs reported in the literature. Simulation results show that the proposed robust design provides better performance with reduced complexity.
Constraints on neutrino masses from future cosmological observations
Hirano, Koichi [Department of Elementary Education, Tsuru University, Tsuru 402-8555 (Japan)
2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z
Constraints on neutrino masses are estimated based on future observations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) including the B-mode polarization produced by CMB lensing using the Planck satellite, and baryon acoustic oscillations distance scale and the galaxy power spectrum from all-sky galaxy redshift survey in the BigBOSS experiment. We estimate the error in the bound on the total neutrino mass to be ??m{sub v} = 0.012 eV with a 68% confidence level. If the fiducial value of the total neutrino mass is ?m{sub v} = 0.06 eV, this result implies that the neutrino mass hierarchy must be normal.
Further constraints on electron acceleration in solar noise storms
Prasad Subramanian; Peter A. Becker
2006-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
We reexamine the energetics of nonthermal electron acceleration in solar noise storms. A new result is obtained for the minimum nonthermal electron number density required to produce a Langmuir wave population of sufficient intensity to power the noise storm emission. We combine this constraint with the stochastic electron acceleration formalism developed by Subramanian & Becker (2005) to derive a rigorous estimate for the efficiency of the overall noise storm emission process, beginning with nonthermal electron acceleration and culminating in the observed radiation. We also calculate separate efficiencies for the electron acceleration -- Langmuir wave generation stage and the Langmuir wave -- noise storm production stage. In addition, we obtain a new theoretical estimate for the energy density of the Langmuir waves in noise storm continuum sources.
Compton scattering in a unitary approach with causality constraints
S. Kondratyuk; O. Scholten
2000-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
Pion-loop corrections for Compton scattering are calculated in a novel approach based on the use of dispersion relations in a formalism obeying unitarity. The basic framework is presented, including an application to Compton scattering. In the approach the effects of the non-pole contribution arising from pion dressing are expressed in terms of (half-off-shell) form factors and the nucleon self-energy. These quantities are constructed through the application of dispersion integrals to the pole contribution of loop diagrams, the same as those included in the calculation of the amplitudes through a K-matrix formalism. The prescription of minimal substitution is used to restore gauge invariance. The resulting relativistic-covariant model combines constraints from unitarity, causality, and crossing symmetry.
Stop on Top: SUSY Parameter Regions, Fine-Tuning Constraints
Demir, Durmus Ali
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We analyze common supersymmetric models in order to determine in what parameter regions with what amount of fine-tuning they are capable of accomodating the LHC-allowed top-stop degeneracy window. The stops must be light enough to enable Higgs naturalness yet heavy enough to induce a 125 GeV Higgs boson mass. These two constraints require the two stops to have a large mass splitting. We find that, compared to the usual neutralino-LSP CMSSM, the NUHM and gravitino-LSP CMSSM models possess relatively wide regions in which the light stop weighs close to the top quark. The fine-tuning involved lies in 10^3-10^4 range.
Solar System Constraints on f(G) Dark Energy
Stephen C. Davis
2008-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
Corrections to solar system gravity are derived for f(G) gravity theories, in which a function of the Gauss-Bonnet curvature term is added to the gravitational action. Their effects on Newton's law, as felt by the planets, and on the frequency shift of signals from the Cassini spacecraft, are both determined. Despite the fact that the Gauss-Bonnet term is quadratic in curvature, the resulting constraints are substantial. It is shown that they practically rule out f(G) as a natural explanation for the late-time acceleration of the universe. Possible exceptions are when f(G) reduces to something very close to a cosmological constant, or if the form of the function f is exceptionally fine-tuned.
Cosmological Constraints from the SDSS Luminous Red Galaxies
M Tegmark; D Eisenstein; M Strauss; D Weinberg; M Blanton; J Frieman; M Fukugita; J Gunn; A Hamilton; G Knapp; R Nichol; J Ostriker; N Padmanabhan; W Percival; D Schlegel; D Schneider; R Scoccimarro; U Seljak; H Seo; M Swanson; A Szalay; M Vogeley; J Yoo; I Zehavi; K Abazajian; S Anderson; J Annis; N Bahcall; B Bassett; A Berlind; J Brinkmann; T Budavari; F Castander; A Connolly; I Csabai; M Doi; D Finkbeiner; B Gillespie; K Glazebrook; G Hennessy; D Hogg; Z Ivezic; B Jain; D Johnston; S Kent; D Lamb; B Lee; H Lin; J Loveday; R Lupton; J Munn; K Pan; C Park; J Peoples; J Pier; A Pope; M Richmond; C Rockosi; R Scranton; R Sheth; A Stebbins; C Stoughton; I Szapudi; D Tucker; D Vanden Berk; B Yanny; D York
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
We measure the large-scale real-space power spectrum P(k) using luminous red galaxies (LRGs) in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and use this measurement to sharpen constraints on cosmological parameters from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). We employ a matrix-based power spectrum estimation method using Pseudo-Karhunen-Loeve eigenmodes, producing uncorrelated minimum-variance measurements in 20 k-bands of both the clustering power and its anisotropy due to redshift-space distortions, with narrow and well-behaved window functions in the range 0.01h/Mpc 0.1h/Mpc and associated nonlinear complications, yet agree well with more aggressive published analyses where nonlinear modeling is crucial.
Planck Satellite Constraints on Pseudo-Nambu--Goldstone Boson Quintessence
Smer-Barreto, Vanessa
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Boson (PNGB) potential, defined through the amplitude $M^4$ and width $f$ of its characteristic potential $V(\\phi) = M^4[1 + \\cos(\\phi~ /~ f)]$, is one of the best-suited models for the study of thawing quintessence. We analyse its present observational constraints by direct numerical solution of the scalar field equation of motion. Observational bounds are obtained using data from Union 2.1 for Supernovae, cosmic microwave background temperature anisotropies from Planck plus WMAP polarization data, and baryon acoustic oscillations data. We find the parameter ranges for which PNGB quintessence remains a viable theory for dark energy. We compare the direct potential analysis and use of an approximate equation-of-state parameterization for thawing theories; this comparison highlights a strong prior dependence to the outcome coming from the choice of modelling methodology, which current data are not sufficient to override.
Neural Modeling and Control of Diesel Engine with Pollution Constraints
Ouladsine, Mustapha; Dovifaaz, Xavier; 10.1007/s10846-005-3806-y
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The paper describes a neural approach for modelling and control of a turbocharged Diesel engine. A neural model, whose structure is mainly based on some physical equations describing the engine behaviour, is built for the rotation speed and the exhaust gas opacity. The model is composed of three interconnected neural submodels, each of them constituting a nonlinear multi-input single-output error model. The structural identi?cation and the parameter estimation from data gathered on a real engine are described. The neural direct model is then used to determine a neural controller of the engine, in a specialized training scheme minimising a multivariable criterion. Simulations show the effect of the pollution constraint weighting on a trajectory tracking of the engine speed. Neural networks, which are ?exible and parsimonious nonlinear black-box models, with universal approximation capabilities, can accurately describe or control complex nonlinear systems, with little a priori theoretical knowledge. The present...
Divide and concur: A general approach to constraint satisfaction
Gravel, Simon
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Many difficult computational problems involve the simultaneous satisfaction of multiple constraints which are individually easy to satisfy. Such problems occur in diffractive imaging, protein folding, constrained optimization (e.g., spin glasses), and satisfiability testing. We present a simple geometric framework to express and solve such problems and apply it to two benchmarks. In the first application (3SAT, a boolean satisfaction problem), the resulting method exhibits similar performance scaling as a leading context-specific algorithm (walksat). In the second application (sphere packing), the method allowed us to find improved solutions to some old and well-studied optimization problems. Based upon its simplicity and observed efficiency, we argue that this framework provides a competitive alternative to stochastic methods such as simulated annealing.
Isocurvature constraints and anharmonic effects on QCD axion dark matter
Kobayashi, Takeshi [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3H8 (Canada); Kurematsu, Ryosuke; Takahashi, Fuminobu, E-mail: takeshi@cita.utoronto.ca, E-mail: rkurematsu@tuhep.phys.tohoku.ac.jp, E-mail: fumi@tuhep.phys.tohoku.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)
2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the isocurvature density perturbations induced by quantum fluctuations of the axion field by extending a recently developed analytic method and approximations to a time-dependent scalar potential, which enables us to follow the evolution of the axion until it starts to oscillate. We find that, as the initial misalignment angle approaches the hilltop of the potential, the isocurvature perturbations become significantly enhanced, while the non-Gaussianity parameter increases slowly but surely. As a result, the isocurvature constraint on the inflation scale is tightened as H{sub inf}?
The Solar Heavy Element Abundances: I. Constraints from Stellar Interiors
Delahaye, F; Delahaye, Franck; Pinsonneault, Marc
2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The latest solar atmosphere models include non-LTE corrections and 3D hydrodynamic convection simulations. These models predict a significant reduction in the solar metal abundance, which leads to a serious conflict between helioseismic data and the predictions of solar interiors models. We demonstrate that the helioseismic constraints on the surface convection zone depth and helium abundance combined with stellar interiors models can be used to define the goodness of fit for a given chemical composition. After a detailed examination of the errors in the theoretical models we conclude that models constructed with the older solar abundances are consistent (seismic data. Models constructed with the proposed new low abundance scale are strongly disfavored, disagreeing at the 15 \\sigma level. We then use the sensitivity of the seismic properties to abundance changes to invert the problem and infer a seismic solar heavy element abundance mix with two components: meteoritic abundances, and th...
Long-time limit of correlation functions
Thomas Franosch
2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
Auto-correlation functions in an equilibrium stochastic process are well-characterized by Bochner's theorem as Fourier transforms of a finite symmetric Borel measure. The existence of a long-time limit of these correlation functions depends on the spectral properties of the measure. Here we provide conditions applicable to a wide-class of dynamical theories guaranteeing the existence of the long-time limit. We discuss the implications in the context of the mode-coupling theory of the glass transition where a non-trivial long-time limit signals an idealized glass state.
Limit of light coupling into solar cells
Naqavi, A; Ballif, C; Scharf, T; Herzig, H P
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a limit for the strength of coupling light into the modes of solar cells. This limit depends on both a cell's thickness and its modal properties. For a cell with refractive index n and thickness d, we obtain a maximal coupling rate of 2c*sqrt(n^2-1)/d where c is speed of light. Our method can be used in the design of solar cells and in calculating their efficiency limits; besides, it can be applied to a broad variety of resonant phenomena and devices.
The Solar Heavy Element Abundances: I. Constraints from Stellar Interiors
Franck Delahaye; Marc Pinsonneault
2005-11-29T23:59:59.000Z
The latest solar atmosphere models include non-LTE corrections and 3D hydrodynamic convection simulations. These models predict a significant reduction in the solar metal abundance, which leads to a serious conflict between helioseismic data and the predictions of solar interiors models. We demonstrate that the helioseismic constraints on the surface convection zone depth and helium abundance combined with stellar interiors models can be used to define the goodness of fit for a given chemical composition. After a detailed examination of the errors in the theoretical models we conclude that models constructed with the older solar abundances are consistent (seismic data. Models constructed with the proposed new low abundance scale are strongly disfavored, disagreeing at the 15 \\sigma level. We then use the sensitivity of the seismic properties to abundance changes to invert the problem and infer a seismic solar heavy element abundance mix with two components: meteoritic abundances, and the light metals CNONe. Seismic degeneracies between the best solutions for the elements arise for changes in the relative CNONe abundances and their effects are quantified. We obtain Fe/H=7.50+/-0.045+/-0.003(CNNe) and O/H=8.86+/-0.041+/-0.025(CNNe) for the relative CNNe in the GS98 mixture. The inferred solar oxygen abundance disagree with the abundance inferred from the 3D hydro models. Changes in the Ne abundance can mimic changes in O for the purposes of scalar constraints.Models constructed with low oxygen and high neon are inconsistent with the solar sound speed profile. The implications for the solar abundance scale are discussed.
Supernova constraints on multi-coupled dark energy
Piloyan, Arpine [Yerevan State University, Alex Manoogian 1, Yerevan 0025 (Armenia); Marra, Valerio; Amendola, Luca [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Baldi, Marco, E-mail: arpine.piloyan@ysu.am, E-mail: valerio.marra@me.com, E-mail: marco.baldi5@unibo.it, E-mail: l.amendola@thphys.uni-heidelberg.de [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Bologna, Viale C. Berti-Pichat 6/2, I-40127, Bologna (Italy)
2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The persisting consistency of ever more accurate observational data with the predictions of the standard ?CDM cosmological model puts severe constraints on possible alternative scenarios, but still does not shed any light on the fundamental nature of the cosmic dark sector. As large deviations from a ?CDM cosmology are ruled out by data, the path to detect possible features of alternative models goes necessarily through the definition of cosmological scenarios that leave almost unaffected the background and — to a lesser extent — the linear perturbations evolution of the universe. In this context, the Multi-coupled DE (McDE) model was proposed by Baldi [9] as a particular realization of an interacting Dark Energy field characterized by an effective screening mechanism capable of suppressing the effects of the coupling at the background and linear perturbation level. In the present paper, for the first time, we challenge the McDE scenario through a direct comparison with real data, in particular with the luminosity distance of Type Ia supernovae. By studying the existence and stability conditions of the critical points of the associated background dynamical system, we select only the cosmologically consistent solutions, and confront their background expansion history with data. Confirming previous qualitative results, the McDE scenario appears to be fully consistent with the adopted sample of Type Ia supernovae, even for coupling values corresponding to an associated scalar fifth-force about four orders of magnitude stronger than standard gravity. Our analysis demonstrates the effectiveness of the McDE background screening, and shows some new non-trivial asymptotic solutions for the future evolution of the universe. Clearly, linear perturbation data and, even more, nonlinear structure formation properties are expected to put much tighter constraints on the allowed coupling range. Nonetheless, our results show how the background expansion history might be highly insensitive to the fundamental nature and to the internal complexity of the dark sector.
Quantum Cryptography Approaching the Classical Limit
Weedbrook, Christian
We consider the security of continuous-variable quantum cryptography as we approach the classical limit, i.e., when the unknown preparation noise at the sender’s station becomes significantly noisy or thermal (even by as ...
Infinite volume limit for the dipole gas
J. Dimock
2009-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a classical dipole gas in with low activity and show that the pressure has a limit as the volume goes to infinity. The result is obtained by a renormalization group analysis of the model.
Heisenberg-limited metrology with information recycling
Simon A. Haine; Stuart S. Szigeti; Matthias D. Lang; Carlton M. Caves
2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Information recycling has been shown to improve the sensitivity of atom interferometers by exploiting atom-light entanglement. In this paper, we apply information recycling to an interferometer where the input quantum state has been partially transferred from some donor system. We demonstrate that when the quantum state of this donor system is from a particular class of number-correlated Heisenberg-limited states, information recycling yields a Heisenberg-limited phase measurement. Crucially, this result holds irrespective of the fraction of the quantum state transferred to the interferometer input and also for a general class of number-conserving quantum-state-transfer processes, including ones that destroy the first-order phase coherence between the branches of the interferometer. This result could have significant applications in Heisenberg-limited atom interferometry, where the quantum state is transferred from a Heisenberg-limited photon source, and in optical interferometry where the loss can be monitored.
Can Eutrophication Influence Nitrogen vs. Phosphorus Limitation?
Vallino, Joseph J.
Can Eutrophication Influence Nitrogen vs. Phosphorus Limitation? George Gregory Bates College, originating largely from septic systems and fertilizers, have caused significant eutrophication in freshwater nitrogen and phosphorus grew the highest concentration of phytoplankton, but eutrophic ponds grew a mean
Some Fundamental Limitations for Cognitive Radio
Sahai, Anant
' & $ % Some Fundamental Limitations for Cognitive Radio Anant Sahai Wireless Foundations, UCB EECS program November 1 at BWRC Cognitive Radio Workshop #12;' & $ % Outline 1. Why cognitive radios? 2 November 1 at BWRC Cognitive Radio Workshop #12;' & $ % Apparent spectrum allocations Â· Traditional
Diffusion-Limited Aggregation on Curved Surfaces
Choi, J.
We develop a general theory of transport-limited aggregation phenomena occurring on curved surfaces, based on stochastic iterated conformal maps and conformal projections to the complex plane. To illustrate the theory, we ...
Climate Prediction: The Limits of Ocean Models
Stone, Peter H.
We identify three major areas of ignorance which limit predictability in current ocean GCMs. One is the very crude representation of subgrid-scale mixing processes. These processes are parameterized with coefficients whose ...
Performance limits of axial turbomachine stages
Hall, David Kenneth
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis assesses the limits of stage efficiency for axial compressor and turbine stages. A stage model is developed, consisting of a specified geometry and a surface velocity distribution with turbulent boundary layers. ...
Representation of Limited Rights Data and Restricted Computer...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Representation of Limited Rights Data and Restricted Computer Software Representation of Limited Rights Data and Restricted Computer Software Representation of Limited Rights Data...
Limits of Equivalence: Thinking Gay Male Subjectivity Outside Feminist Theory
Galloway, Samuel R.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Limits of Equivalence: Thinking Gay Male Subjectivityor this limit of equivalence? The problem, of course, ispaper, the limits of equivalence emerge: while all subjects
Improved limits on scalar weak couplings
Adelberger, E.G. (PPE Division, CERN, CH-1211 Geneve 23 (Switzerland) Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))
1993-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
I point out that [beta]-delayed proton spectroscopy is a powerful probe of possible scalar contributions to nuclear [beta] decay, and use Schardt and Riisager's data on the shape of the beta-delayed proton peaks from the superallowed decays of [sup 32]Ar and [sup 33]Ar to set improved upper limits on such couplings. Implications of these limits for leptoquark masses are mentioned.
Automated Design of Digital Microfluidic Lab-on-Chip under Pin-Count Constraints
Chakrabarty, Krishnendu
Automated Design of Digital Microfluidic Lab-on-Chip under Pin-Count Constraints Tao Xu, USA. E-mail: {tao,krish}@ee.duke.edu ABSTRACT Digital microfluidic biochips, as referred to as lab-referencing, Lab-on-Chip, Microfluidics, Pin-count constraints 1. INTRODUCTION Microfluidics technology has made
Simulated Annealing and Tabu Search for Constraint Solving JinKao Hao and Jerome Pannier
Hao, Jin-Kao
quality and solving speed. We propose empirical arguments to explain the difference of performancesSimulated Annealing and Tabu Search for Constraint Solving JinÂKao Hao and Jâ??erome Pannier LGI2PÂ6, 1998 Abstract In this paper, we present an experimental study of local search for constraint solving
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Controller synthesis with very simplified linear constraints in PN model Dideban A. * Zareiee M a controller. A set of linear constraints allow forbidding the reachability of specific states. The number number of control places. A systematic method for constructing very simplified controller is offered
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Optimal transition from coal to gas and renewable power under capacity constraints and adjustment existing coal power plants to gas and renewable power under a carbon budget. It solves a model of polluting, exhaustible resources with capacity constraints and adjustment costs (to build coal, gas, and renewable power
Skogestad, Sigurd
, NTNU, N-7491, Trondheim, Norway ABSTRACT: When designing the control structure of distillation columnsActive Constraint Regions for Optimal Operation of Distillation Columns Magnus G. Jacobsen presented in an earlier paper, to find how the active constraints for distillation columns change