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1

Limit order markets, liquidity, and price impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I explore various aspects of market liquidity and analyze its effect on asset prices. First, in a model of a limit order market I explain how to define liquidity and derive a price impact function. Second, ...

Rosu, Ioanid, 1970-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING COUNTRIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OIL PRICE IMPACT ON FINANCIAL MARKETS: CO-SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FOR EXPORTING VERSUS IMPORTING://www.economie.polytechnique.edu/ mailto:chantal.poujouly@polytechnique.edu hal-00822070,version1-14May2013 #12;1 Oil price impact Khaled Guesmi3 Abstract The aim of this paper is to study the degree of interdependence between oil price

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Economic Impact of Electricity Market Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of circumstances. In the electric power industry, studying the costs of load forecasting errors has been a topic forecast in electric load forecasting models is discussed in [21]. The findings of [19]­[21] are consistentIEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS 1 Economic Impact of Electricity Market Price Forecasting Errors

Cañizares, Claudio A.

4

The Impact of Market Rules and Market Structure on the Price Determination Process in the England and Wales Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper argues that the market rules governing the operation of the England and Wales electricity market in combination with the structure of this market presents the two major generators---National Power and PowerGen---with opportunities to earn revenues substantially in excess of their costs of production for short periods of time. Generators competing to serve this market have two strategic weapons at their disposal: (1) the price bid for each generation set and (2) the capacity of each generation set made available to supply the market each half-hour period during the day. We argue that because of the rules governing the price determination process in this market, by the strategic use of capacity availability declarations, when conditions exogenous to the behavior of the two major generators favor it, these two generators are able to obtain prices for their output substantially in excess of their marginal costs of generation. The paper establishes these points in the following manner. First, we provide a description of the market structure and rules governing the operation of the England and Wales electricity market, emphasizing those aspects that are important to the success of the strategy we believe the two generators use to exercise market power. We then summarize the time series properties of the price of electricity emerging from this market structure and price-setting process. By analyzing four fiscal years of actual market prices, quantities and generator bids into the market, we provide various pieces of evidence in favor of the strategic use of the market rules by the two major participants. The paper closes with a discussion of the lessons that the England and Wales experience can provide for the design of competitive power markets in the US, particula...

Frank A. Wolak; Robert H. Patrick

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Impact of Changing Fuel and Power Market Structures on Price Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Managing electricity and fuel price risks is a daily task in today's competitive markets. It is tempting to try to extract insights from past price behavior. This report analyzes short-term price relationships for electricity and natural gas (for example, price volatilities and correlations) but goes farther, examining overarching price regimes that provide context for observed prices and required risk management. Spanning electricity, natural gas, oil, coal, and emission allowances markets, the interpre...

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

6

Residential Price - Marketers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

7

Impact of storage on the efficiency and prices in real-time electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the effect of energy-storage systems in dynamic real-time electricity markets. We consider that demand and renewable generation are stochastic, that real-time production is affected by ramping constraints, and that market players seek to selfishly ... Keywords: electricity pricing, energy economics, energy storage system, market efficiency

Nicolas Gast, Jean-Yves Le Boudec, Alexandre Proutire, Dan-Cristian Tomozei

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

The Impact of Varying Natural Gas Prices on the Potential Distributed Resources Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of the potential market for distributed resources (DR) have typically assumed that long-term gas rates will increase in a gradual and uniform fashion; however, natural gas rates can peak at very high rates as they did in late 2000 and early 2001. This project studied the response of the DR market to changes in future gas prices in a range of plausible scenarios. It suggests that relatively high natural gas prices and non-uniform annual price fluctuations may strongly affect the size and character...

2002-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

9

Finding the market price  

SciTech Connect

The short-term power exchange offers a glimpse of the deregulated power market. As the electric power industry goes the way of other formerly regulated monopolicies in the United States, incentives will continue to grow for novel ways to trade electricity in hitherto uncharted markets. The emergence of open power markets. The emergence of open power markets thus far has been a patchwork affair. Federally mandated competition in wholesale markets has only recently taken place and all jurisdictional transmission owners must file open access transmission tariffs with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. The national agenda has been spotted here and there by state or even utility-specific efforts to unlock retail markets but most of these will take years to implement. Thus, the most common complaint of power market professions is a basic one: It is difficult to determine the market price of electricity. The basic building blocks of an efficient market are missing, e.g. no multitudes of willing buyers and sellers, few arms-length purchases, no price transparency.

Huetteman, T.J.; Stasiak, S.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Electricity Market Design and Price Manipulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration of physical transactions and financial contracts is central to successful electricity market design. Virtually every energy transaction has some impact on prices. The mere fact that a physical transaction can affect prices to some degree, and thereby influence the prices of related financial contracts, cannot be a per se definition of price manipulation. A principled policy for characterizing price manipulation in organized electricity markets includes a stand-alone profitability test. Multiple market-clearing prices arise from degenerate pricing conditions that can occur in electricity markets under economic dispatch. In some instances, small changes in bilateral schedules can produce large changes in prices. These prices affect the value of associated financial transmission rights. A stand-alone profitability test distinguishes transactions that are consistent with workably competitive markets from transactions that serve no economic purpose other than to manipulate prices and profit from other financial contracts. Generalizing this standard to the degenerate conditions that give rise to multiple market-clearing prices provides a principled solution without undermining the market-design foundations that integrate economic dispatch, locational prices and financial transmission rights.

William W. Hogan; William W. Hogan I

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Impact of market structure and political instability on the official price of OPEC crude (1972-83)  

SciTech Connect

Within the empirical literature, political instability was either completely ignored or the assumption was made that its impact was significant. One of the major objectives of this study is to determine whether political instability had a significant impact on the oil market during the 1972-83 period. Secondly, there were very important changes that took place within the market - considerable reduction in the non-communist world's oil consumption, increase in production outside OPEC, reduced OPEC market share and capacity use, increased sale of oil directly by OPEC rather than through the oil multinationals, and nationalization of the asset of the latter within OPEC. Within the empirical literature some attention has been paid to the first four changes. The last two changes, however, have generally been assumed to be insignificant. Consequently, the second objective is to determine whether the change of the distribution of ownership within and direct marketing by OPEC itself have had a significant impact on the official price of OPEC crude. The third objective is improved specification of past models of the world oil market through consideration of the influences mentioned above. Results of the study show that political instability, contrary to popular opinion, did not have a significant impact on the market during the 1972-83 period.

Kendall, P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

Gas Market Transition: Impacts of Power Generation on Gas Pricing Dynamics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The power sector is beginning to influence the natural gas market, affecting both total natural gas demand and aspects of natural gas price behavior. This report offers a single source that quantifies these influences. With the addition of new gas-fired generating capacity, the use of gas generation in the power sector has grown steadily. However, this progression was arrested after 2002 when the brunt of overbuilding was felt, and gas use in the power sector migrated to ever more efficient units. While ...

2005-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

13

Retail Market Based Pricing: Retail Market Based Pricing - Three Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customers are not provided with incentives for efficient conservation and substitution of electricity away from peak periods if they do not face prices that reflect the real-time cost of purchasing wholesale electricity that is experienced by their retail energy provider. Recent events in California's restructured electricity market underscore the importance of developing products and structures that enable demand response to changes in prices in these markets. This report assembles three studies of cust...

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

14

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets EIA 2013 Workshop on Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages ... Director of Energy Markets and Financial Analysis

15

The Information Efficiency of Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aggregation of information in competitive markets, Journalstock markets where trades have diverse information, JournalTHE INFORMATION EFFICIENCY OF MARKET PRICES July 1985 by

Bossaerts, Peter

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? , QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Price Changes in the Gasoline Market  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1999 Price Changes in the Gasoline Market Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky? Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the...

18

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study 8/10/01 Click here to start Table of Contents Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price Correlation of Price to Inventory Levels Crude Prices Strongly Related to OECD.Crude & Product Inventories Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets Tight Product Balance Pushes Up Product Spread (Spot Product - Crude Price) Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices Cumulative Gasoline Price Pass-through Illustration of How Lag Effect Dampens and Slows Retail Price Changes from Wholesale Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected Summary: Most Gasoline Price Movement Can Be Explained As Rational Market Behavior Author: Joanne Shore

19

The Stock Market Reaction to Oil Price Changes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I explore the reaction of the stock market as a whole and of different industries to daily oil price changes. I find that the direction and magnitude of the market?s reaction to oil price changes depend on the magnitude of the price changes. Oil price changes most likely caused by supply shocks have a negative impact while oil price changes most likely caused by shifts in aggregate demand have a positive impact on the same day market returns. In addition to the returns of oil-intensive industries, returns of industries that do not use oil to any significant extent are also sensitive to oil price changes. Finally, I show that both the cost-side dependence and demand-side dependence on oil are important in explaining the sensitivity of industry returns to oil price changes. I am indebted to Louis Ederington. I am grateful for the helpful comments received from Chitru Fernando,

Sridhar Gogineni

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Market Design and Price Behavior in Restructured Electricity Markets: An International Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper argues that the market rules governing the operation of a re-structured electricity market in combination with its market structure can have a substantial impact on behavior of marketclearing prices. Using evidence on the design of electricity markets in England and Wales, Norway, the state of Victoria in Australia and New Zealand, this paper illustrates that market structure and market rules are important drivers of the behavior of prices in a competitive electricity market. The paper first summarizes the important features of the market structure and market rules in each country. One conclusion to emerge from this comparison is that there are many differences in how these markets in each country are organized. I then provide an assessment of the relationship between market rules and market structure and the behavior of prices in each market. The paper closes with a discussion of the available evidence that the behavior of prices in each country is the result of the exercis...

Frank A. Wolak

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Electricity market clearing price forecasting under a deregulated electricity market .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Under deregulated electric market, electricity price is no longer set by the monopoly utility company rather it responds to the market and operating conditions. Offering (more)

Yan, Xing

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Gasoline Prices Also Influenced by Regional Gasoline Product Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Next we examine the wholesale market's added contribution to gasoline price variation and analyze the factors that impact the gasoline balance. There are two points to take away from this chart: The U.S. market moves with the world market, as can be seen with the high inventories in 1998, being drawn down to low levels during 1999. Crude and product markets are not independent. Crude oil and product markets move together fairly closely, with some lead/lag effects during transitions. The relationship between international crude oil markets and domestic product markets raises another issue. A subtle, but very important point, lost in recent discussions of gasoline price increases: The statement has been made that crude markets are not a factor in this past spring's high gasoline prices, since crude prices were

23

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

SciTech Connect

The degree to which any deregulated market functions efficiently often depends on the ability of market agents to respond quickly to fluctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we find that price elasticity both increases the retailers revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite effect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we find that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we find that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

SciTech Connect

The degree to which any deregulated market functions efficiently often depends on the ability of market agents to respond quickly to fluctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we find that price elasticity both increases the retailers revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite effect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we find that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we find that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Dynamic Pricing and Learning in Electricity Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the price-formation process in an infinite-horizon oligopoly model where hydroelectric generators engage in dynamic price-based competition. The analysis focuses on the role of "indifference" prices, i.e., prices that equate the gains from ... Keywords: Dynamic auctions, Economics, Games: stochastic, Natural resources: energy, Noncooperative, Restructured electricity markets, Water resources

Alfredo Garcia; Enrique Campos-Naez; James Reitzes

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

An Analysis of Price Volatility in Natural Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Market prices respond to shifts in supply and demand, and the degree of price response relates to the price elasticity of both. Natural gas prices have been particularly

27

Utility Marketing Strategies & Pricing Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Marketing seems to have come out of the utility closet once again, but it is a far sight different from that of the 1970s. While some are still on a sell, Sell, SELL! campaign, most are soberly looking at their customers from a different perspective. They are concerned about losing them to other service territories or seeing them vanish to domestic and foreign competition. There is a sense of a strategic alliance being sought by the most proactive of utilities in which they become allies of their customers. In this sense, the issue of how much these customers purchased from them vanishes into the shadows of the more important elements of the relationships. Oh sure, there still are some pushing technology as the customers answer. And there are others using incentive and other rate gambits to develop strategic load building. But there is a definite trend emerging toward building the relationship for the long haul and putting short range profit or number game objectives on the back burner. This paper investigates the most successful current utility marketing postures, how they are changing, where pricing fits in and what we are likely to see within the next few years. We will also illustrate the potential traps in competitive marketing and customer service that still lie in wait. We still see a major number of current marketing efforts that are unbalanced, unfairly reward luck, are wasteful and counterproductive. As many of you know, we strongly believe marketing must move from technology-based, silver bullet competition, frenetic non-competitive load retention dissipation and load claiming to relational-based marketing in which absolute integrity and service and their consequent trust become paramount. We believe utilities must build honest relationships with all their customers, not merely their energy purchasers. These include their fuel suppliers and regulators. When a utility is not trusted, the competitive situation is reduced to that of a commodity supplier in which price and terms constitute the whole of the relationship. Utilities reduced to this level of inadequate customer service ultimately will lose to those that recognize the alternative of adding value. As the nature and consequences of competition increase, so does the importance of breaking from the methods of the past.

Gilbert, J. S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Commerical Price - Marketers - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to Residential and Commercial Consumers by Local Distribution and Marketers in Selected States (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet ...

29

Auction market simulator for price based operation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Through the passage of new public utility regulatory policies, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) encourages an open market system for price based operation. A previous paper describes a framework for price based operation and the associated technical issues in an auction market structure. This paper presents an auction market simulator to experimentally study the aspects of power system operation in price-based environment. The proposed simulator can also be used as a tool to train the system operators how to perform electric power transaction in the deregulated environment. This paper presents the simulation results of auction market for price based operation in the 24-bus, 10-generator IEEE Reliability Test System.

Kumar, J.; Sheble, G. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering

1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Competition and Prices on the Emerging Nordic Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to quantitatively evaluate the impact on electricity prices of deregulation and free trade in the Nordic countries. The analysis is focused on the impact of increased competition on market power and the degree of monopolistic pricing. The major tool for our analysis of electricity trade and prices is a numerical multicountry electricity market model in which losses and bottlenecks in the transmission system are taken into account. Moreover both Cournot and perfect competition equilibria with and without free trade in electricity can be simulated. According to the simulation results there are significant differences between the Cournot and perfect competition equilibrium prices under autarky. When inter-country trade is allowed, however, the Cournot equilibrium prices are quite close to the equilibrium prices under perfect competition. Yet the net inter-country physical flows of electricity are small and well within existing transmission capacities.

Eirik S. Amundsen; Lars Bergman; Bo Andersson; Jel-classification D

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

MATHEMATICS Price dynamics in political prediction markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- gate the price dynamics of prediction markets with the goal of developing methods to identify the trulyAPPLIED MATHEMATICS POLITICAL SCIENCES Price dynamics in political prediction markets Saikat Ray City, IA 52242; and d Department Chemical and Biological Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston

Amaral, Luis A.N.

32

Ethanol and Its Effect on the U.S. Corn Market: How the Price of E-85 Influences Equilibrium Corn Prices and Equilibrium Quantity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study analyzes the impact the market price of E-85 has on equilibrium price and quantity exchanged of corn in the U.S. market. After presenting (more)

PINCIN, JARED

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

System dynamics, market microstructure and asset pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional asset pricing approaches are not able to explain extreme volatility and tail events that characterized financial markets in the past decade. System Dynamics theory, which is still underutilized in financial ...

Leika, Mindaugas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

The Strategic Impact of Changing Energy Markets on the Aluminum ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, The Strategic Impact of Changing Energy Markets on the ... of a structural change in energy prices, both for primary energy and electricity.

35

First Factor Impacting Distillate Prices: Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: World oil prices have tripled from their low point in December 1998 to August this year, pulling product prices up as well. But crude prices are expected to show a gradual decline as increased oil production from OPEC and others enters the world oil market. We won't likely see much decline this year, however, as prices are expected to end the year at about $30 per barrel. The average price of WTI was almost $30 per barrel in March, but dropped to $26 in April as the market responded to the additional OPEC production. However, prices strengthened again, averaging almost $32 in June, $30 in July, and $31 in August. The continued increases in crude oil prices indicate buyers are having trouble finding crude oil, bidding higher prices to obtain the barrels available.

36

Bank Security Prices and Market Discipline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, policymakers and bank regulators have been warming up to the idea of leveraging market forces to enhance banking supervision.This is partly motivated by the growing complexity of large banking organizations and by concerns about limiting the cost of bank supervision as well as avoiding unduly extending the bank safety net (see Kwan 2002). In order for market discipline to work, the market prices of banking securities must contain accurate and timely information about bank risk. Researchers in banking have been studying this issue for quite some time.This Economic Letter reviews the empirical evidence on the informativeness of bank security prices, focusing on the two most obvious sources of market informationstock and

unknown authors

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Practices on Residential Water Use Speaker(s): Sylvestre Gaudin Date: November 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location:...

38

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy futures markets are hubs that price and marketenergy price fluctuations. In theory, futures market pricesenergy prices, including most prominently, energy futures markets.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

local-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of theare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of the

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

local-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of theare included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of the

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

E&P costs E&P investments E&P innovations Physical balancing Inventories Markets & market behavior Energy prices ? spot ? futures ? options

42

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Overview. As part of its Energy and Financial Markets Initiative, EIA is assessing the various factors that may influence oil prices physical market factors as ...

43

Using Neural Networks to Forecast Stock Market Prices Ramon Lawrence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using Neural Networks to Forecast Stock Market Prices Ramon Lawrence Department of Computer Science on the application of neural networks in forecasting stock market prices. With their ability to discover patterns. Section 3 covers current analytical and computer methods used to forecast stock market prices

Lawrence, Ramon

44

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Transparent Prices for Municipal Water: Impact of Pricing and Billing Practices on Residential Water Use Speaker(s): Sylvestre Gaudin Date: November 29, 2004 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: John Busch Jr. Economic Research shows overwhelmingly that residential consumers do not pay much attention to price changes when they make decisions about water use. This weak price sensitivity is often attributed to the intrinsic nature of water as a necessity. However, a large part of water use is the result of choices that could easily be altered without affecting basic welfare. Economic theory points to at least two other reasons why consumers would not be responsive to price changes for water use: the fact that water bills constitute a small portion of their budgets, and the fact that price

45

Index Revision, House Price Risk, and the Market for House Price Derivatives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bias in repeat-sales home price indices. Freddie Mac workingpaper #0503. Index Revision, House Price Risk, and theMarket for House Price Derivatives Calhoun, C. A. (1996).

Deng, Yongheng; Quigley, John M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Do OPEC Members Know Something the Market Doesnt? Fair Price Pronouncements and the Market Price of Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPEC producers, individually or collectively, often make statements regarding the fair price of crude oil. In some cases, the officials commenting are merely affirming the price prevailing in the crude oil market at the time. In many cases, however, we document that they explicitly disagree with the contemporaneous futures price. A natural question is whether these fair price pronouncements contain information not already reflected in market prices. To find the answer, we collect fair price statements made between 2000 and 2009 by officials from OPEC or OPEC member countries. Visually, the fair price series looks like a sampling discretely drawn (with a lag) from the daily futures market price series. Formally, we use several methodologies to establish that fair price pronouncements have little influence on the market price of crude oil and that they supply little or no new news to oil futures market participants.

Celso Brunetti; Bahattin Byk?ahin; Michel A. Robe; Kirsten R. Soneson; David Reiffen; Bob Buckley; Rasmus Fatum; Robert L. Losey; Jim Moser; Adam Sieminski; Phil Verlegger; Joe Konizeski

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Electricity Market Price Forecasting in a Price-responsive Smart Grid Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this load is to use electricity market price forecasts to op- timally schedule a combination of the gas of Electricity Market Price Forecasting Errors: A Demand-Side Analysis Hamidreza Zareipour, Member, IEEE, Claudio--Several techniques have been proposed in the liter- ature to forecast electricity market prices and improve forecast

48

Customer Response to Electricity Prices: Information to Support Wholesale Price Forecasting and Market Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding customer response to electricity price changes is critical to profitably managing a retail business, designing efficient wholesale power markets, and forecasting power prices for valuation of long-lived generating assets. This report packages the collective results of dozens of price response studies for use by forward price forecasters and power market analysts in forecasting loads, revenues, and the benefits of time-varying prices more accurately. In specific, the report describes key mea...

2001-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

49

Customer reponse to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTPahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTPElectricity Prices

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2009. To What Electricity Price Do Consumers Respond?faced with nonlinear electricity price schedules. Nonlinearrates and multi-tier electricity prices, complicate economic

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Demand Pricing & Resource Allocation in Market- based ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... While pricing operates on a comparatively slow ... and tracking the optimal price, admission control ... the time lag in varying and disseminating prices. ...

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

52

Brand and Price Advertising in Online Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

P. , "Electronic Commerce: Prices and Consumer Issues forFriedman, "Buyer Search and Price Dispersion: A Laboratory808. Chen, J. and P. Scholten, "Price Dispersion, Product

Baye, Michael; Morgan, John

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

An assessment of the various factors that may influence oil prices - physical market factors as well as those related to trading and financial markets. The analysis describes 7 key factors that could influence oil markets and explores possible linkages between each factor and oil prices, and includes regularly-updated graphs that depict aspects of those relationships.

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

54

Capacity-constrained multiple-market price discrimination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a multiple-market price discrimination problem with different markets' demand elasticity and supply constraints, whereas the markets share a common capacity. We model the problem as a continuous nonlinear knapsack problem, and propose ... Keywords: Knapsack problem, Nonlinear programming, Price discrimination

Bin Zhang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

A uniform price auction with locational price adjustments for competitive electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A uniform price auction with locational price adjustments for competitive electricity markets in an electricity context requires that the offers used in the auction reflect the appropriate locational price necessary to adapt the Uniform Price auction to an electricity transmission system which takes into account

56

Price and volatility relationships in the Australian electricity market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis presents a collection of papers that has been published, accepted or submitted for publication. They assess price, volatility and market relationships in the (more)

Higgs, Helen

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Analysis of Price Volatility in Natural Gas Markets  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This article presents an analysis of price volatility in the spot natural gas market, with particular emphasis on the Henry Hub in Louisiana.

Erin Mastrangelo

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

58

Natural Gas Marketer Prices and Sales To Residential and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pennsylvania natural gas choice market. The supplier must furnish a bond or other security in an amount ... natural gas prices were derived solely from LDCs who

59

An Empirical Study of Pricing Strategies in an Online Market with High Frequency Price Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study competition among a score of firms participating in an online market for a commodity-type memory module. Firms were able to adjust prices continuously; prices determined how the firms were ranked and listed (lowest ...

Ellison, Sara Fisher

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

60

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR Title Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5557E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Kim, Joyce Jihyun, and Sila Kiliccote Date Published 06/2012 Publisher LBNL/NYSERDA Keywords commercial, demand response, dynamic pricing, mandatory hourly pricing, open automated demand response, openadr, pilot studies & implementation, price responsive demand Abstract In New York State, the default electricity pricing for large customers is Mandatory Hourly Pricing (MHP), which is charged based on zonal day-ahead market price for energy. With MHP, retail customers can adjust their building load to an economically optimal level according to hourly electricity prices. Yet, many customers seek alternative pricing options such as fixed rates through retail access for their electricity supply. Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) is an XML (eXtensible Markup Language) based information exchange model that communicates price and reliability information. It allows customers to evaluate hourly prices and provide demand response in an automated fashion to minimize electricity costs. This document shows how OpenADR can support MHP and facilitate price responsive demand for large commercial customers in New York City.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Composition of Electricity Generation Portfolios, Pivotal Dynamics, and Market Prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use simulations to study how the diversification of electricity generation portfolios influences wholesale prices. We find that the relationship between technological diversification and market prices is mediated by the supply-to-demand ratio. In ... Keywords: electricity, market power, simulations, technology diversification

Albert Banal-Estaol; Augusto Ruprez Micola

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Falling House Prices and Rising Time on the Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Much of the current trouble in the housing market has been attributed to the fact that house price appreciationstrong for many yearsis finally slowing; indeed, in many markets now, house prices are falling.The mere fact that falling house prices are considered newsworthy is interesting in its own right. In other asset markets, such as the stock and bond markets, prices routinely fluctuate up and down every day. In this Economic Letter I argue that the main reason for this difference reflects differences in the liquidity of houses and financial assets as investments. I review the ways in which residential real estate prices and liquidity vary over time and over different states of the economy, discuss the implications of this price and liquidity behavior

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Market Price of Risk: Implications for Electricity Price Forecasting, Asset Valuation and Portfolio Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Forward Price Forecasting for Power Market Valuation (TR-111860, 1998) presented the basic theory on the market price of risk. However, continued development of the power market has led to additional complexities when applying the concept to electric power. This current report updates that earlier report based on subsequent development of the theory by EPRI and others and reflects two additional years of market data.

2000-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

World Petroleum Market Changes and Impact on U.S.  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation was given at the Oil Price Information Service National Supply Summit by Joanne Shore and John Hackworth. It covers the world oil market changes and the impact on domestic outlook for petroleum supply.

Information Center

2004-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

65

OPEC Production Changes Impacted World Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

OPEC has been a major factor behind the recent swing in crude oil prices. As prices fell in 1997 and 1998, OPEC gradually removed supply from the market.

66

Impact of Ethanol Blending on U.S. Gasoline Prices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study assesses the impact of ethanol blending on gasoline prices in the US today and the potential impact of ethanol on gasoline prices at higher blending concentrations.

Not Available

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Optimal Execution Under Jump Models For Uncertain Price Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

comes from price impacts of both the investor's own trades and other concurrent ... Indeed price impact of large trades have been considered as one of the main...

68

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market Hourly Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

next days hourly electricity prices? ( CHECK ONLY ONE ) 1.to Real Time Electricity Prices, Unpublished Manuscript atahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTP

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Empirical analysis of the spot market implications of price-elastic demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are exposed to real-time electricity prices, then they cansustained increases in the electricity price. Greater pricethe market-clearing electricity price. Indeed, the remaining

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Stock market volatility and price discovery : three essays on the effect of macroeconomic information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple Microstructure Model of Price Determination . . 3.11Stock Market Volatility and Price Discovery: Three Essays onConstruction Spending PRICES CPI MONETARY POLICY FFR Source:

Rangel, Jose Gonzalo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Market behavior under partial price controls: the case of the retail gasoline market  

SciTech Connect

The use of firm-specific controls on the price of gasoline during 1979 and 1980, at both the wholesale and the retail level, dramatically affected the retail market for gasoline. The most visible effect was a diversity of monetary prices across service stations within particular retail market areas. Price could no longer play its usual role in clearing the retail market for gasoline. Queues and other changes in quality of service at stations arose to maintain the balance of market demand and supply. This report examines the behavior of an otherwise competitive market in the presence of such regulation-induced nonprice phenomena. In such a market, consumers consider both monetary prices and costs imposed by queues in deciding where to buy gasoline and how much to buy. Using a price-theoretic model of behavior, this paper predicts how various changes in effective price regulation affect consumers. 14 references, 7 figures, 2 tables.

Camm, F.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

notice, is given to the source. On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard economic model of efficient competitive markets relies on the ability of sellers to charge prices that vary as their costs change. Yet, there is no restructured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP), prices that can change as frequently as wholesale costs. We analyze the impact of having some share of customers on time-invariant pricing in competitive electricity markets. Not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to outcomes (prices and investment) that are not first-best, it even fails to achieve the second-best optimum given the constraint of time-invariant pricing. We then show that attempts to correct the level of investment through taxes or subsidies on electricity or capacity are unlikely to succeed, because these interventions create new inefficiencies. In contrast, increasing the share of customers

Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holland; We Thank Jim Bushnell; Joe Farrell; Morten Hviid; Erin Mansur; Michael Riordan; Lawrence White; Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holl

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard economic model of efficient competitive markets relies on the ability of sellers to charge prices that vary as their costs change. Yet, there is no restructured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP), prices that can change as frequently as wholesale costs. We analyze the impact of having some share of customers on time-invariant pricing in competitive electricity markets. Not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to outcomes (prices and investment) that are not first-best, it even fails to achieve the second-best optimum given the constraint of time-invariant pricing. We then study a number of policy interventions that have been proposed to address the perceived inadequacy of capacity investment. We show that attempts to correct the level of investment through taxes or subsidies on electricity or capacity are unlikely to succeed, because these interventions create new inefficiencies. We demonstrate that the most common proposal, a subsidy to capacity ownership financed by a tax on retail electricity, is particularly problematic. An alternative approach to improving efficiency, increasing the share of customers on RTP, has some surprising effects. We show that such a change lowers the equilibrium price to flat rate customers

Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holland

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. Speaker(s): Nancy Wallace Date: June 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar HostPoint...

75

Financial market imperfections and their asset pricing implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of two studies on financial market imperfections. The first study (Chapters 2 and 3) investigates illiquidity, which is a reflection of different imperfections, and its pricing implications in the ...

Rayanakorn, Surapap

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Estimating Welfare In Insurance Markets Using Variation in Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a graphical illustration of how standard consumer and producer theory can be used to quantify the welfare loss associated with inefficient pricing in insurance markets with selection. We then show how this welfare ...

Finkelstein, Amy

77

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Richard Newell, Administrator Richard Newell, Administrator May 5, 2011 Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation EIA's Energy and Financial Markets Initiative 2 Richard Newell, May 5, 2011 * Collection of critical energy information to improve market transparency - improved petroleum storage capacity data - other improvements to data quality and coverage * Analysis of energy and financial market dynamics to improve understanding of what drives energy prices - internal analysis and sponsorship of external research * Outreach with other Federal agencies, experts, and the public - expert workshops - public sessions at EIA's energy conferences - solicitation of public comment on EIA's data collections

78

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Southern California Edison Company. Glendale Calif. :Southern California Edison (SCE) and San Diego Gas &using Southern California Edisons price schedule in 2007.

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on their summer electricity bills if they could reduce theira fixed credit on electricity bills. The rationale behindaverage price of their electricity bills, the fixed credit

Ito, Koichiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The noise trader sentiment model of De Long, Shleifer, Summers, and Waldmann (1990a) is applied to futures markets. The theoretical results predict that overly optimistic (pessimistic) noise traders result in market prices that are greater (less) than fundamental value. Thus, returns can be predicted using the level of noise trader sentiment. The null rational expectations hypothesis is tested against the noise trader alternative using a commercial market sentiment index as a proxy for noise trader sentiment. Fama-MacBeth cross-sectional regressions test if noise traders create a systematic bias in futures prices. The time-series predictability of futures returns using known sentiment levels is tested in a Cumby-Modest market timing framework and a more general causality specification. The empirical results lead to the following conclusions. First, there is no evidence that noise trader sentiment creates a systematic bias in futures prices. Second, predictable market returns using noise trader sentiment is not characteristic of futures markets in general. Third, futures market returns at weekly intervals are characterized by low-order positive autocorrelation with relatively small autoregressive parameters. In those instances where there is evidence of noise trader effects, it is at best limited to isolated markets and particular specifications. Noise Traders, Market Sentiment, and Futures Price Behavior

Dwight R. S; Scott H. Irwin; Raymond M. Leuthold; Dwight R. S; Ers Is Manager

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Unstable Price Dynamics as a Result of Information Absorption in Speculative Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In speculative markets, risk-free profit opportunities are eliminated by traders exploiting them. Markets are therefore often described as "informationally efficient", rapidly removing predictable price changes, and leaving only residual unpredictable fluctuations. This classical view of markets absorbing information and otherwise operating close to an equilibrium is challenged by extreme price fluctuations, in particular since they occur far more frequently than can be accounted for by external news. Here we show that speculative markets which absorb mainly self-generated information can exhibit both: evolution towards efficient equilibrium states as well as their subsequent destabilization. This peculiar dynamics, a generic instability arising from an adaptive control which annihilates predictable information, is realized in a minimal agent-based market model where the impacts of agents' strategies adapt according to their trading success. This adaptation implements a learning rule for the market as a whole...

Patzelt, Felix

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices? - Energy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

& Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) & Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis Sources & Uses Petroleum & Other Liquids Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas Exploration and reserves, storage, imports and exports, production, prices, sales. Electricity Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. Consumption & Efficiency Energy use in homes, commercial buildings, manufacturing, and transportation. Coal Reserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution, stocks, imports and exports. Renewable & Alternative Fuels

83

Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. Price-Elastic Demand in Deregulated Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The degree to which anyderegulated market functions e ciently often depends on the ability ofmarket agents to respond quickly to uctuating conditions. Many restructured electricity markets, however, experience high prices caused by supply shortages and little demand-side response. We examine the implications for market operations when a risk-averse retailer's end-use consumers are allowed to perceive real-time variations in the electricity spot price. Using a market-equilibrium model, we nd that price elasticity bothincreases the retailer's revenue risk exposure and decreases the spot price. Since the latter induces the retailer to reduce forward electricity purchases, while the former has the opposite e ect, the overall impact of price responsive demand on the electricity forward price is ambiguous. Indeed, each retailer's response depends on the relative magnitudes of its risk exposure and end-user price elasticity. Nevertheless, price elasticity decreases cumulative electricity consumption. By extending the analysis to allow for early settlement of demand, we nd that forward stage end-user price responsiveness decreases the electricity forward price relative to the case with price-elastic demand only in real time. Moreover, we nd that only if forward stage end-user demand is price elastic will the equilibrium electricity forward price be reduced.

Afzal S. Siddiqui; Afzal S. Siddiqui

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy price fluctuations. In theory, futures market prices summarize privately available informationEnergy; Brookhaven National Laboratory Canadian Energy Research Institute U.S. Energy Information Administration Energy Marketsinformation about future energy prices, including most prominently, energy futures markets.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futures Market andSTEO Error A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futures Market andforecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the Energy

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Bilevel optimization applied to strategic pricing in competitive electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present a bilevel programming formulation for the problem of strategic bidding under uncertainty in a wholesale energy market (WEM), where the economic remuneration of each generator depends on the ability of its own management to ... Keywords: Bilevel programming, Electricity pool market, Mathematical program with equilibrium constraints, Strategic pricing

M. Fampa; L. A. Barroso; D. Candal; L. Simonetti

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Afunction of local energy-market and weather characteristicslocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and local

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

contractual, energy and market-related characteristics. Alocal-level wholesale energy market price dynamics and localexpenses, and energy factor market inputs. In a companion

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Price changes in the gasoline market: Are Midwestern gasoline prices downward sticky?  

SciTech Connect

This report examines a recurring question about gasoline markets: why, especially in times of high price volatility, do retail gasoline prices seem to rise quickly but fall back more slowly? Do gasoline prices actually rise faster than they fall, or does this just appear to be the case because people tend to pay more attention to prices when they`re rising? This question is more complex than it might appear to be initially, and it has been addressed by numerous analysts in government, academia and industry. The question is very important, because perceived problems with retail gasoline pricing have been used in arguments for government regulation of prices. The phenomenon of prices at different market levels tending to move differently relative to each other depending on direction is known as price asymmetry. This report summarizes the previous work on gasoline price asymmetry and provides a method for testing for asymmetry in a wide variety of situations. The major finding of this paper is that there is some amount of asymmetry and pattern asymmetry, especially at the retail level, in the Midwestern states that are the focus of the analysis. Nevertheless, both the amount asymmetry and pattern asymmetry are relatively small. In addition, much of the pattern asymmetry detected in this and previous studies could be a statistical artifact caused by the time lags between price changes at different points in the gasoline distribution system. In other words, retail gasoline prices do sometimes rise faster than they fall, but this is largely a lagged market response to an upward shock in the underlying wholesale gasoline or crude oil prices, followed by a return toward the previous baseline. After consistent time lags are factored out, most apparent asymmetry disappears.

NONE

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

91

Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

92

Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Cents per Gallon Excluding Taxes) -...

93

Structural Estimation of Price Adjustment Costs in the European Car Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sys- tem: the European Car Market. C.E.P.R. DiscussionPrice Dispersion in the European Car Market. The Review ofPrice: Evidence from the European Car Market. Journal of

Noton, Carlos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

The impact of fuel price volatility on transportation mode choice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years, the price of oil has driven large fluctuations in the price of diesel fuel, which is an important cost component in freight logistics. This thesis explores the impact of fuel price volatility on supply ...

Kim, Eun Hie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance  

SciTech Connect

In practice, it is difficult to determine the optimal amount to spend on marketing and administering a green pricing program. Budgets for marketing and administration of green pricing programs are a function of several factors: the region of the country; the size of the utility service area; the customer base and media markets encompassed within that service area; the point or stage in the lifespan of the program; and certainly, not least, the utility's commitment to and goals for the program. All of these factors vary significantly among programs. This report presents data on programs that have funded both marketing and program administration. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) gathers the data annually from utility green pricing program managers. Programs reporting data to NREL spent a median of 18.8% of program revenues on marketing their programs in 2008 and 16.6% in 2007. The smallest utilities (those with less than 25,000 in their eligible customer base) spent 49% of revenues on marketing, significantly more than the overall median. This report addresses the role of renewable energy credit (REC) marketers and start-up costs--and the role of marketing, generally, in achieving program objectives, including expansion of renewable energy.

Friedman, B.; Miller, M.

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Price and Load Forecasting in Volatile Energy Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With daily news stories about wildly fluctuating electricity prices and soaring natural gas prices, forecasters' responsibilities are expanding, visibility is increasing, and pressure exists to produce more frequent forecasts and more kinds of forecasts. The proceedings of EPRI's 13th Forecasting Symposium, held November 13-15 in Nashville, Tennessee, address current forecasting issues and developments, as well as explain the role that forecasters have played in recent events in energy markets.

2001-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

97

Scenario Generation for Price Forecasting in Restructured Wholesale Power Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In current restructured wholesale power markets, the short length of time series for prices makes it difficult to use empirical price data to test existing price forecasting tools and to develop new price forecasting tools. This study therefore proposes a two-stage approach for generating simulated price scenarios based on the available price data. The first stage consists of an Autoregressive Moving Average (ARMA) model for determining scenarios of cleared demands and scheduled generator outages (D&O), and a moment-matching method for reducing the number of D&O scenarios to a practical scale. In the second stage, polynomials are fitted between D&O and wholesale power prices in order to obtain price scenarios for a specified time frame. Time series data from the Midwest ISO (MISO) are used as a test system to validate the proposed approach. The simulation results indicate that the proposed approach is able to generate price scenarios for distinct seasons with empirically realistic characteristics.

Qun Zhou; Leigh Tesfatsion; Chen-Ching Liu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Price distortions in the commodity futures markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Speculation is not monolithic; it comes in many forms. A certain level of speculation is required for commodity futures markets to function. On the other hand, certain types of trading activities by speculators may damage ...

Helfrich, Devin B

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Biofuel policy and stock price in imperfectly competitive markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The increase in demand for corn as a biofuel feedstock has had a significant impact on the agricultural markets in the United States. These include (more)

Tepe, Fatma Sine

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Price Changes in the Gasoline Market - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DOE/EIA-0626 February 1999 Price Changes in the Gasoline Market Are Midwestern Gasoline Prices Downward Sticky? Energy Information Administration Washington, DC 20585

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Optimal Portfolio Selection Under Concave Price Impact  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we study an optimal portfolio selection problem under instantaneous price impact. Based on some empirical analysis in the literature, we model such impact as a concave function of the trading size when the trading size is small. The price impact can be thought of as either a liquidity cost or a transaction cost, but the concavity nature of the cost leads to some fundamental difference from those in the existing literature. We show that the problem can be reduced to an impulse control problem, but without fixed cost, and that the value function is a viscosity solution to a special type of Quasi-Variational Inequality (QVI). We also prove directly (without using the solution to the QVI) that the optimal strategy exists and more importantly, despite the absence of a fixed cost, it is still in a 'piecewise constant' form, reflecting a more practical perspective.

Ma Jin, E-mail: jinma@usc.edu [University of Southern California, Department of Mathematics (United States); Song Qingshuo, E-mail: songe.qingshuo@cityu.edu.hk [City University of Hong Kong, Department of Mathematics (Hong Kong); Xu Jing, E-mail: xujing8023@yahoo.com.cn [Chongqing University, School of Economics and Business Administration (China); Zhang Jianfeng, E-mail: jianfenz@usc.edu [University of Southern California, Department of Mathematics (United States)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Examination of the rationality of real estate market pricing : focusing on the US office property market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study examines whether or not investors behave rationally when they price the U.S. office properties. After reviewing several previous studies on the market efficiency, this paper makes three new attempts: first, we ...

Jeong, Jinbae

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This briefing summarizes EIA analysis to date that suggests: Most, if not all, recent retail gasoline price movements can be explained by market fundamentals, I.e ...

104

EFFICIENT PRICING IN ELECTRICITY MARKETS: WHO IS ON REAL-TIME PRICING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When prices are set properly, they serve as important signals to guide customers to consume the efficient quantity of a good. However, in electricity markets many consumers do not pay prices that reflect the scarcity of power. The true social cost of power varies throughout a typical day; power is usually low cost during off-peak periods in the night but it is high cost during a hot July afternoon. Economists have argued for several decades that consumers should pay a price that varies with the true social cost of power. However, the vast majority of consumers pay a fixed price whether they use power at midnight or noon. This can create a host of economic inefficiencies. Fortunately, this is beginning to change. In many states, including Texas, large commercial and industrial users of electricity pay prices that reflect the social cost of power at the time of consumption. This pricing mechanism is called real-time pricing (RTP) in electricity markets. I have access to a unique, new dataset of virtually all 8000 commercial and industrial users in Texas that includes information on both whether they pay real-time prices and their hourly consumption for one year. First, I econometrically iv estimate the types of commercial and industrial firms that are likely to sign up for time-varying prices. Second, I test whether the customers on real-time prices reduce demand substantially in response to higher prices. I find that customers with greater total hourly consumption are more likely to be on real-time pricing. Customers with more peaky? load profiles are less likely to be on real-time pricing. Customers in south and west Texas have a greater probability of being on RTP than customers in Houston. I also study whether customers on RTP decrease consumption on hot summer days when electricity is scare. These results have important implications for the design of both deregulated electricity markets and policies that seek to increase the amount of electricity generated with renewable sources of energy.

Fontana, Michelle

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Energy & Financial Markets: What Drives Crude Oil Prices ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; A-Z Index A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W XYZ. Energy & Financial Markets What Drives Crude Oil Prices? ...

106

Estimating Large-Customer Demand Response Market Potential: Integrating Price and Customer Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 2006) ISO-NE Real-Time Price Response (RTPR) ProgramResponse to Real Time Electricity Prices, December,real-time energy market) Short-notice emergency program Price-

Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan, Bernie; Cappers, Peter

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Price Forecasting and Optimal Operation of Wholesale Customers in a Competitive Electricity Market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses two main issues: first, forecasting short-term electricity market prices; and second, the application of short-term electricity market price forecasts to operation planning (more)

Zareipour, Hamidreza

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Electricity Market Price Forecasting: Neural Networks versus Weighted-Distance Nearest Neighbours  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In today's deregulated markets, forecasting energy prices is becoming more and more important. In the short term, expected price pro les help market participants to determine their bidding strategies.

A. Troncoso; J.M. Riquelme; Alicia Troncoso Lora; J.L. Martnez; A. Gmez; Jose Riquelme Santos; Jesus Riquelme Santos

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Data driven medium term electricity price forecasting in ontario electricity market and Nord Pool.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Having accurate predictions on market price variations in the future is of great importance to participants in todays electricity market. Many studies have been done (more)

Torbaghan, Shahab Shariat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hydrogen Production on Impact of Hydrogen Production on Hydrogen Production on Impact of Hydrogen Production on U.S. Energy Markets U.S. Energy Markets Presented to: Presented to: DOE Hydrogen Transition DOE Hydrogen Transition Analysis Workshop Analysis Workshop Washington DC Washington DC January 26, 2006 January 26, 2006 Prepared by: Prepared by: E. Harry Vidas, Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. E. Harry Vidas, Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Paul Friley, Brookhaven National Laboratory Paul Friley, Brookhaven National Laboratory AZ CA Project Scope Project Scope * Focus will be on competition between hydrogen production and distribution technologies with respect to hydrogen fuel demand, technology cost, regional mix, and impact on feedstock prices. * Evaluate impacts on U.S. energy markets including price

111

Hedonic study on mobile telephony market in France: pricing---quality strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper provides a hedonic price analysis of mobile telephony services for the French market. We adopt the hedonic price theory to examine the relationship between changes in price levels and the evolution of the market for mobile telecommunications ... Keywords: Hedonic indexes, Mobile telephony, Pricing, Quality-adjustment

Chiraz Karamti; Lukasz Grzybowski

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Impact of liberalization on Italian retail gas prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to analyze the effects deriving from the liberalization process in the Italian natural gas market carried out by the Italian government through the legislative decree n. 164/2000. More specifically, the objective is to analyze the competitiveness ... Keywords: Italian gas market liberalization, import gas prices, linear regression analysis, natural gas retail prices

Guendalina Capece; Livio Cricelli; Francesca Di Pillo; Nathan Levialdi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Analysis on various pricing scenarios in a deregulated electricity market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electricity pricing structure in Texas has changed after deregulation (January 2002). The Energy Systems Laboratory has served as a technical consultant on electricity purchases to several universities in the Texas A&M University System since 2001. In the fiscal year of 2006 Stephen F. Austin State University joined with the TAMU campuses and agencies, and there are now 183 accounts in the Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT) North, Northeast, South, West, and Houston areas of Texas. From the 183 accounts, 9 Interval Data Recorder (IDR) accounts consume 92% of the total load. The objective of this research is to find the most economic price structure to purchase electricity for the Texas A&M System and Stephen F. Austin University by analyzing various pricing scenarios: the spot market, forward contracts, take or pay contracts and on/off season (tiered) contracts. The analysis was based on the 9 IDR accounts. The prices for the spot market were given by ERCOT and the other prices by Sempra. The energy charges were calculated every 15 minute using the real historical consumption of each facility and the aggregated load of all facilities. The result for the analysis was given for each institution separately, as well as for the aggregated load of all facilities. The results of the analysis showed that the tiered price was the most economical structure to purchase electricity for each individual university and for the total aggregated load of all 9 IDR accounts. From March 1, 2005 to February 28, 2006, purchasing electricity on the tiered price would have cost $13,810,560. The forward contract, that is, purchasing electricity on a fixed rate, was the next cheapest with an energy cost of $14,266,870 from March 1, 2005 to February 28, 2006, 3% higher than purchasing electricity at the tiered price. The most expensive method to purchase electricity would have been the spot market. Its energy costs would have been approximately $18,171,610, 36% and 31% higher, respectively, than purchasing electricity at the tiered price and the fixed rate.

Afanador Delgado, Catalina

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Utility Marketing Strategies and Pricing Trends (An Overview)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Industries and utilities alike find themselves today in a very competitive environment. Industry finds that it must defend against threats to its markets from both domestic and foreign competitors. Likewise, utilities are challenged by industry and by neighboring utility companies to achieve new levels in customer service, reliability, and pricing. The two, industry and utility, are not antagonists, but are actually partners in the same venture--the industrial customer's costs are oftentimes tied closely to the price of electric power, and the utility's economic health depends upon the continued success of its customers. To work, a utility's marketing strategy and pricing arrangements must form a cohesive whole. Electric 'power rates must be able to recover a utility's costs and provide a sound fiscal footing for the utility, and yet still be attractive to industry and encourage the economic development of the region. However, lower rates are simply not the only answer in a sound marketing strategy. Rather than merely developing plans in accordance with the lowest feasible rates, it is reasonable for the utility to promote electrical efficiency and industrial productivity to ensure that electricity becomes a decreasing economic burden on industry. The utility and its industrial customers must work together as partners for the success of any marketing strategy. In this way, new arrangements may evolve which pave the way for industrial growth. I chair this tutorial having firsthand experience of the value to a utility of fostering trusting relationships with the industrial customers it serves. Through such relationships, TVA has been able to learn at an early date the needs of the customers it serves, and to do what it can as a utility to meet those needs. This tutorial panel consists of national experts from industry, utility, and consulting firms, each having direct experience in the important area of utility marketing, pricing, and customer relations. "

Reynolds, S.

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Using Environmental Emissions Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from the California Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Permit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thePermit Prices to Raise Electricity Prices: Evidence from thehigher wholesale electricity prices, during the third and

Kolstad, Jonathan; Wolak, Frank

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation The Brattle Group was retained by Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (BGE) in December 2006 to assist in the design of a dynamic pricing pilot program to develop assessments of the likely impact of a variety of dynamic pricing programs on BGE residential customer load shapes. The residential pilot program, Smart Energy Pricing (SEP) Pilot, was subsequently approved by the Maryland Public Service Commission and successfully implemented in the summer of 2008. This report presents the results from the impact evaluation of the BGE's SEP Pilot in the summer of 2008. BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation More Documents & Publications

117

BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation The Brattle Group was retained by Baltimore Gas & Electric Company (BGE) in December 2006 to assist in the design of a dynamic pricing pilot program to develop assessments of the likely impact of a variety of dynamic pricing programs on BGE residential customer load shapes. The residential pilot program, Smart Energy Pricing (SEP) Pilot, was subsequently approved by the Maryland Public Service Commission and successfully implemented in the summer of 2008. This report presents the results from the impact evaluation of the BGE's SEP Pilot in the summer of 2008. BGE's Smart Energy Pricing Pilot Summer 2008 Impact Evaluation More Documents & Publications

118

Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

449 449 September 2009 Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance Barry Friedman and Mackay Miller National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC Contract No. DE-AC36-08-GO28308 Technical Report NREL/TP-6A2-46449 September 2009 Green Pricing Program Marketing Expenditures: Finding the Right Balance Barry Friedman and Mackay Miller Prepared under Task No. SAO9.3003 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any

119

Transmission access and pricing with multiple separate energy forward markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

California`s congestion management protocols provide comparable access and prices to all users of the transmission system (power exchange and bilateral contract parties). The users implicitly bid for capacity on major transmission paths between zones. The Independent System Operator (ISO) allocates the available transmission capacity on these paths so that it maximizes the value of this capacity as measured by the users` bids. Everyone scheduling flow on a congested path is charged the marginal-cost-based price for using the path. The ISO keeps each party`s portfolio of generation and load individually in balance when adjusting schedules to relieve congestion on interzonal paths. By keeping the portfolios of the different parties separate, the ISO clears its transmission market without arranging energy trades between parties. Parties are responsible for arranging their own trades. The ISO does not become involved in the energy forward markets.

Gribik, P.R. [Perot Systems Corp., Los Angeles, CA (United States); Angelidis, G.A. [Pacific Gas and Electric Co., San Francisco, CA (United States); Kovacs, R.R. [Southern California Edison, Rosemead, CA (United States)

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Product Market Impacts - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The relative price of heavy products versus light is generally what one looks at to see the impact on light-heavy crude oil differences. It is ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications ofPrice-Responsive Demand  

SciTech Connect

Regardless of the form of restructuring, deregulatedelectricity industries share one common feature: the absence of anysignificant, rapid demand-side response to the wholesale (or, spotmarket) price. For a variety of reasons, most electricity consumers stillpay an average cost based regulated retail tariff held over from the eraof vertical integration, even as the retailers themselves are oftenforced to purchase electricity at volatile wholesale prices set in openmarkets. This results in considerable price risk for retailers, who aresometimes additionally forbidden by regulators from signing hedgingcontracts. More importantly, because end-users do not perceive real-time(or even hourly or daily) fluctuations in the wholesale price ofelectricity, they have no incentive to adjust their consumptionaccordingly. Consequently, demand for electricity is highly inelastic,which together with the non storability of electricity that requiresmarket clearing over very short time steps spawn many other problemsassociated with electricity markets, such as exercise of market power andprice volatility. Indeed, electricity generation resources can bestretched to the point where system adequacy is threatened. Economictheory suggests that even modest price responsiveness can relieve thestress on generation resources and decrease spot prices. To quantify thiseffect, actual generator bid data from the New York control area is usedto construct supply stacks and intersect them with demand curves ofvarious slopes to approximate the effect of different levels of demandresponse. The potential impact of real-time pricing (RTP) on theequilibrium spot price and quantity is then estimated. These resultsindicate the immediate benefits that could be derived from a moreprice-responsive demand providing policymakers with a measure of howprices can be potentially reduced and consumption maintained within thecapability of generation assets.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Different Factors Impact Different Aspects of Gasoline Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: In order to illustrate and quantify, to a large extent, the various market forces driving gasoline prices, we begin by decomposing those factors according to their location within the supply chain, i.e., the international crude market, U.S. wholesale gasoline markets, and the retail segment. Historically, variation in gasoline prices usually stems from changes in crude oil prices. As the major feedstock in the production of gasoline, shifts in the balance between supply and demand in crude markets explain a large portion of observed movements at the retail level. But shifts in the wholesale gasoline supply/demand balance also contribute to price pressure or movements at both the wholesale and retail levels beyond that stemming from crude oil markets.

123

Kinetic market models with single commodity having price fluctuations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study here numerically the behavior of an ideal gas like model of markets having only one non-consumable commodity. We investigate the behavior of the steady-state distributions of money, commodity and total wealth, as the dynamics of trading or exchange of money and commodity proceeds, with local (in time) fluctuations in the price of the commodity. These distributions are studied in markets with agents having uniform and random saving factors. The self-organizing features in money distribution are similar to the cases without any commodity (or with consumable commodities), the commodity distribution shows an exponential decay. The wealth distribution shows interesting behavior: Gamma like distribution for uniform saving propensity and has the same power-law tail, as that of the money distribution for a market with agents having random saving propensity.

Chatterjee, A; Chakrabarti, Bikas K.; Chatterjee, Arnab

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Optimization Online - The Impact of Collusion on the Price of ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jan 15, 2007 ... We adopt their framework to network games and focus on the well established price of anarchy as a measure of this impact. We first investigate...

125

Optimal Execution Under Jump Models For Uncertain Price Impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 13, 2012 ... A major source of the execution cost comes from price impacts of both the investor's own trades and other concurrent institutional trades.

126

Document Number 2000-18, October, 2000 1 Study of Western Power Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power Pool - US Systems for June 28, the peak price day of June, indicates a peak net hourly load levels. Prices in the spot market at Henry Hub in Louisiana have been over $5 recently and are expectedDocument Number 2000-18, October, 2000 1 Study of Western Power Market Prices Summer 2000 Final

127

Analyzing Multiple-Product Power Markets: Simulation of Energy and Ancillary Services Prices and System Adequacy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The interpretation of price signals is a primary business task of power market participants, made more challenging by the shift from cost-based to bid-based pricing. This report outlines a novel pricing framework that accounts for the behavior and interaction of forward and real-time energy markets and the ancillary services required to maintain system reliability.

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

The role of content regulation on pricing and market power in regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. This paper focuses on one potential explanation ...

Muehlegger, Erich J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Factors Impacting Gasoline Prices and Areas for Further Study  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Most, if not all, recent retail gasoline price movements can be explained by market fundamentals, I.e., underlying movements in supply, demand, and inventories in crude oil and...

130

Price-elastic demand in deregulated electricity markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is unable to reduce electricity prices. The unstorability ofhourly variability in electricity prices while maintainingboth forward and spot electricity prices a ect demand. Our

Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? QuarterlyGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions, Review of7] Eckert, A. Retail Price Cycles and Response Asymmetry,

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Support vector regression with chaos-based firefly algorithm for stock market price forecasting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the inherent non-linearity and non-stationary characteristics of financial stock market price time series, conventional modeling techniques such as the Box-Jenkins autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) are not adequate for stock market ... Keywords: Chaotic mapping, Firefly algorithm, Stock market price forecasting, Support vector regression

Ahmad Kazem; Ebrahim Sharifi; Farookh Khadeer Hussain; Morteza Saberi; Omar Khadeer Hussain

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

St[r]ategic offers in an oligopolistic electricity market under pay-as-bid pricing.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Marginal pricing is the traditional pricing method in pool based electricity markets, however pay-as-bid is an alternative that has been the focus of recent studies. (more)

Ganjbakhsh, Omid.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the variables influencing the price and volatility of this energy ...

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Market Price Forecast Study.  

SciTech Connect

This chapter presents BPA's market price forecasts, which are based on AURORA modeling. AURORA calculates the variable cost of the marginal resource in a competitively priced energy market. In competitive market pricing, the marginal cost of production is equivalent to the market-clearing price. Market-clearing prices are important factors for informing BPA's rates. AURORA is used as the primary tool for (a) calculation of the demand rate, (b) shaping the PF rate, (c) estimating the forward price for the IOU REP settlement benefits calculation for fiscal years 2008 and 2009, (d) estimating the uncertainty surrounding DSI payments, (e) informing the secondary revenue forecast and (f) providing a price input used for the risk analysis.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Final Proposal : Market Price Forecast Study.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents BPA's market price forecasts for the Final Proposal, which are based on AURORA modeling. AURORA calculates the variable cost of the marginal resource in a competitively priced energy market. In competitive market pricing, the marginal cost of production is equivalent to the market-clearing price. Market-clearing prices are important factors for informing BPA's power rates. AURORA was used as the primary tool for (a) estimating the forward price for the IOU REP Settlement benefits calculation for fiscal years (FY) 2008 and 2009, (b) estimating the uncertainty surrounding DSI payments and IOU REP Settlements benefits, (c) informing the secondary revenue forecast and (d) providing a price input used for the risk analysis. For information about the calculation of the secondary revenues, uncertainty regarding the IOU REP Settlement benefits and DSI payment uncertainty, and the risk run, see Risk Analysis Study WP-07-FS-BPA-04.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in delivered natural gas prices. References American CouncilEconomy (ACEEE). 2003. Natural Gas Price Effects of EnergyDownward Pressure on Natural Gas Prices: The Impact of

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in delivered natural gas prices. References American CouncilACEEE). 2003. Natural Gas Price Effects of Energy EfficiencyPressure on Natural Gas Prices: The Impact of Renewable

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Price movements in the Japanese online home electronics market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article investigates the price movements of home electronics products listed on a Japanese price comparison site. Our findings are as follows. (1) Price dispersion increases at earlier stages of the product life cycle and decreases at later stages. ... Keywords: Asymmetric pricing, Comparison sites, D4, D8, Economics, Empirical research, Internet, L13, Law of one price, M3, Price dispersion

Tomonari Akimoto; Fumiko Takeda

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Price discovery and information diffusion in the Perth housing market 1988-2000.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] This thesis examines informational efficiency and price discovery processes within the Perth housing market for the period 1988-2000 by utilising a rich source (more)

Costello, Greg

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Elastic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

absence of any significant, rapid demand-side response to the wholesale (or, spot market) price. For a variety of reasons, electricity industries continue to charge most consumers...

142

Stochastic models of electricity prices and risk premia in the PJM market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??With a main focus on risk premia in a US electricity market, we propose three stochastic models for electricity spot prices. Based on the proposed (more)

Xiao, Yuewen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Relationship Between Wind Generation and Balancing Energy Market Prices in ERCOT: 2007-2009  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper attempts to measure the average marginal effects of wind generation on the balancing-energy market price in ERCOT with the help of econometric analysis.

Nicholson, E.; Rogers, J.; Porter, K.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

A statistical analysis of the natural gas futures market : the interplay of sentiment, volatility and prices.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This paper attempts to understand the price dynamics of the North American natural gas market through a statistical survey that includes an analysis of the (more)

Fazzio, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Price Discovery in the Natural Gas Markets of the United States and Canada  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of the U.S. and Canada natural gas spot markets are evolving through deregulation policies and technological advances. Economic theory suggests that these markets will be integrated. The key question is the extent of integration among the markets. This thesis characterizes the degree of dynamic integration among 11 major natural gas markets, six from the U.S. and five from Canada, and determines each individual markets role in price discovery. This is the first study to include numerous Canadian markets in a North American natural gas market study. Causal flows modeling using directed acyclic graphs in conjunction with time series analysis are used to explain the relationships among the markets. Daily gas price data from 1994 to 2009 are used. The 11 natural gas market prices are tied together with nine long-run co-integrating relationships. All markets are included in the co-integration space, providing evidence the markets are integrated. Results show the degree of integration varies by region. Further results indicate no clear price leader exists among the 11 markets. Dawn market is exogenous in contemporaneous time, while Sumas market is an information sink. Henry Hub plays a significant role in the price discovery of markets in the U.S. Midwest and Northeast, but little to markets in the west. The uncertainty of a markets price depends primarily on markets located in nearby regions. Policy makers may use information on market integration for important policy matters in efforts of attaining efficiency. Gas traders benefit from knowing the price discovery relationships.

Olsen, Kyle

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Market structure and the price of electricity: An ex ante analysis of the deregulated Swedish electricity market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following new legislation the Swedish electricity market is about to be deregulated. The new system is designed to ensure competition in production and supply. The main motive for deregulation is to increase competition and thus achieve lower market prices. A possible threat to this outcome is the high degree of concentration on the seller side that characterizes the Swedish electricity market. In this paper we show that given the current structure of firms on the supply side, deregulation is not a sufficient condition for lower equilibrium prices in the electricity market. We use a numerical model to explore the quantitative relation between the Cournot-equilibrium price, the number of firms, and the size distribution of firms in the Swedish electricity market. We compute equilibrium electricity prices and a welfare measure in order to quantify the effect of asymmetric market concentration on competition. 3 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

Andersson, B.; Bergman, L. [Stockholm School of Economics (Sweden)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

147

Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shepherd, A. W. (1997). Market Information Services - Theory2009 Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on2009) Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on

Kpenavoun Chogou, Sylvain; Gandonou, Esaie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Propane Market Status Report  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Propane Market Status Report 07272000 Click here to start Table of Contents Propane Market Status Report Propane Prices Follow Crude Oil Propane Demand by Sector Demand Impacted...

149

Why we need to stick with uniform-price auctions in electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arguments that the uniform-price auction yields electricity prices that are systematically too high are incorrect. Tampering with the spot price would cause inefficiency and raise long-term costs. The proper way to dampen the impact of spot price fluctuations is with long-term hedging. (author)

Cramton, Peter; Stoft, Steven

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

term trends for house prices and asks where prices will go from here. I would like to say Halifax price Nationwide price Chart 1: Halifax and Nationwide House Price Trends SourcesHOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices and Affordability Lending Activity Supply

Evans, Paul

151

Price supports and demand in commodity market modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gerdner, B. L. "Futures Prices in Supply Analysis." Amer. J.Service. Spot and Futures Prices." Limited Dcpenden{avec Leuthold, R. ~1. "The Price Performance on the Futures

Riboud, Chris; Rausser, Gordon C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Competition and price discrimination in the market for mailing lists  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Katz, M. L. (1984). Price discrimination and monopolistic395416. Shepard, A. (1991). Price discrimination and retailJ. (1952). The theory of price. New York: Macmillan. Stole,

Borzekowski, Ron; Thomadsen, Raphael; Taragin, Charles

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Forecasting market prices in a supply chain game q Christopher Kiekintveld a,*, Jason Miller b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), the simulation day, and the linear trend of selling prices from the previous ten days. For predicting future prices, we used the same set of features with the addition of the estimated customer demand trend (s). 4Forecasting market prices in a supply chain game q Christopher Kiekintveld a,*, Jason Miller b

Wellman, Michael P.

154

Dynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering, and Demand Response in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as Large Comm. Interval metering system with monthly dataDynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering and Demand Response inE Dynamic Pricing, Advanced Metering, and Demand Response in

Borenstein, Severin; Jaske, Michael; Rosenfeld, Arthur

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Central Appalachian (CAPP) coal spot prices affect markets for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Note: Bloomberg prices for the prompt month have been shifted forward by one month to show the spot versus delivered price for the same month.

156

File:Impacts of Regional Electricity Prices and Building Type...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon File:Impacts of Regional Electricity Prices and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial PV Systems NREL 2012.pdf...

157

Essays on price dynamics, discovery, and dynamic threshold effects among energy spot markets in North America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given the role electricity and natural gas sectors play in the North American economy, an understanding of how markets for these commodities interact is important. This dissertation independently characterizes the price dynamics of major electricity and natural gas spot markets in North America by combining directed acyclic graphs with time series analyses. Furthermore, the dissertation explores a generalization of price difference bands associated with the law of one price. Interdependencies among 11 major electricity spot markets are examined in Chapter II using a vector autoregression model. Results suggest that the relationships between the markets vary by time. Western markets are separated from the eastern markets and the Electricity Reliability Council of Texas. At longer time horizons these separations disappear. Palo Verde is the important spot market in the west for price discovery. Southwest Power Pool is the dominant market in Eastern Interconnected System for price discovery. Interdependencies among eight major natural gas spot markets are investigated using a vector error correction model and the Greedy Equivalence Search Algorithm in Chapter III. Findings suggest that the eight price series are tied together through sixlong-run cointegration relationships, supporting the argument that the natural gas market has developed into a single integrated market in North America since deregulation. Results indicate that price discovery tends to occur in the excess consuming regions and move to the excess producing regions. Across North America, the U.S. Midwest region, represented by the Chicago spot market, is the most important for price discovery. The Ellisburg-Leidy Hub in Pennsylvania and Malin Hub in Oregon are important for eastern and western markets. In Chapter IV, a threshold vector error correction model is applied to the natural gas markets to examine nonlinearities in adjustments to the law of one price. Results show that there are nonlinear adjustments to the law of one price in seven pair-wise markets. Four alternative cases for the law of one price are presented as a theoretical background. A methodology is developed for finding a threshold cointegration model that accounts for seasonality in the threshold levels. Results indicate that dynamic threshold effects vary depending on geographical location and whether the markets are excess producing or excess consuming markets.

Park, Haesun

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Minimizing Building Electricity Costs in a Dynamic Power Market: Algorithms and Impact on Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimizing Building Electricity Costs in a Dynamic Power Market: Algorithms and Impact on Energy of Computing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, P. R. China 2 Department of Electrical and the electricity bills nowa- days are leading to unprecedented costs. Electricity price is market-based and dynamic

Wang, Dan

159

How many people actually see the price signal? Quantifying market failures in the end use of energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the tenant. If energy prices rise (from market fluctuationsenergy consumption that is affected by a market failure and insulated from pricemarket barriers, principal agent problem, energy efficiency, investment, behaviour, energy price,

Meier, Alan; Eide, Anita

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Second Price Component: Spread Impacted by Distillate Supply/Demand Balance  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Notes: While crude oil prices will be a major factor impacting distillate prices this winter, another important factor is the U.S. distillate supply/demand balance, as measured by distillate stocks. The distillate supply/demand balance influences the spread between spot distillate and spot crude oil prices. For example, when stocks are higher than normal, the spread will be lower than usual. This spread is the price incentive that encourages or discourages changes in supply. While high stocks in the distillate market are good news for consumers, an excess is bad news for refiners. Distillate spreads during the winter of 1998-99 and throughout most of 1999 were well below average. Distillate stocks were very high during this period, partially as a result of warm weather keeping demand down.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Linear Clearing Prices in Non-Convex European Day-Ahead Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European power grid can be divided into several market areas where the price of electricity is determined in a day-ahead auction. Market participants can provide continuous hourly bid curves and combinatorial bids with associated quantities given the prices. The goal of our auction is to maximize the economic surplus of all participants subject to transmission constraints and the existence of linear prices. In general strict linear prices do not exist in non-convex markets. Therefore we enforce the existence of linear prices where no one incurs a loss and only combinatorial bids might see a not realized gain. The resulting optimization problem is an MPEC that can not be solved efficiently by a standard solver. We present an exact algorithm and a fast heuristic for this type of problem. Both algorithms decompose the MPEC into a master MIP and price subproblems (LPs). The modeling technique and the algorithms are applicable to all MIP based combinatorial auctions.

Martin, Alexander; Pokutta, Sebastian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Forecasting Market Prices in a Supply Chain Game Christopher Kiekintveld, Jason Miller, Patrick R. Jordan, and Michael P. Wellman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forecasting Market Prices in a Supply Chain Game Christopher Kiekintveld, Jason Miller, Patrick R, to forecast market prices in the Trading Agent Com- petition Supply Chain Management Game. As a guiding, Experimentation, Measurement Keywords Forecasting, Markets, Price prediction, Trading agent competition, Supply

Wellman, Michael P.

163

Impact of Natural Gas Price Decontrol on Gas Supply, Demand and Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Major analysis completed recently by the gas transmission and distribution industry concludes that available supplies of gas energy will fall into the range of 23-31 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) by the year 2000, as conventional gas production is increasingly supplemented by supplies from coal gasification, Alaska, unconventional sources, LNG, Canada, and Mexico. At the same time, however, gas demand is characterized by price-induced conservation in all markets, together with continuing gas demand constraints and financial burdens imposed by Government regulators at all levels. With these restrictions and burdens eased, the gas industry can rebuild its marketing acumen and capacity. Thus, gas demand may likely increase in both the traditional heating and industrial fuel and feedstock applications, as well as such new non-traditional uses as cogeneration, natural gas vehicles and select gas use with coal. With regard to impending gas price decontrol, analyses conducted by the American Gas Association (A.G.A.), as well as studies by the U.S. Department of Energy and other groups, concur in the important finding that natural gas will be able to compete with alternate fuels in the energy marketplace after decontrol, as long as indefinite price escalators and other rigidities in gas purchase contracts can be defused so as to enable the market system to operate successfully. A.G.A.'s analysis, indeed, concluded that gas prices are rising rapidly enough under the existing law between now and 1985, so that concerns of a sudden price increase after deregulation in that year may be somewhat overstated, as long as the indefinite price escalators are defused.

Schlesinger, B.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Effects of Price Signal Choices on Market Stability Hideyuki Mizuta  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

their estimates of price trend. The agents then send bids to sell or buy according to their food inventory of trend traders. In section 3 we describe the effects of using other price signals, specifically, the introduction of trend traders can produce price bubbles, as illustrated in Fig. 6. Until now we have described

Steiglitz, Kenneth

165

Price forecasting and optimal operation of wholesale customers in a competitive electricity market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

c ? Hamidreza Zareipour 2006I hereby declare that I am the sole author of this thesis. This is a true copy of the thesis, including any required final revisions, as accepted by my examiners. I understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. This thesis addresses two main issues: first, forecasting short-term electricity market prices; and second, the application of short-term electricity market price forecasts to operation planning of demand-side Bulk Electricity Market Customers (BEMCs). The Ontario electricity market is selected as the primary case market and its structure is studied in detail. A set of explanatory variable candidates is then selected accordingly, which may explain price behavior in this market. In the process of selecting the explanatory variable candidates, some important issues, such as direct or indirect effects of the variables on price behavior, availability of the variables before real-time, choice of appropriate forecasting horizon and market time-line, are taken into account. Price and demand in three neighboring electricity markets, namely, the New York, New England, and PJM electricity markets, are also considered among the explanatory variable candidates.

Hamidreza Zareipour

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Supply disruptions have negligible impact on oil market. (loss ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

WASHINGTON -- Supply disruptions that normally would bolster oil prices had little impact... | Article from The Oil Daily August 3, 1993

167

Geothermal Brief: Market and Policy Impacts Update  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Geothermal Brief: Market and Policy Impacts Update Bethany Speer Technical Report NREL...

168

The Impact of Collusion on the Price of Anarchy in Nonatomic and ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

cus on the well established price of anarchy as a measure of this impact. We first ... imply bounds on the price of collusion proposed by Hayrapetyan et al.

169

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. Speaker(s): Nancy Wallace Date: June 15, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Paul Mathew The talk will cover the results from an empirical paper that analyzes the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing structures and the transaction prices of office buildings in the {U.S.} We employ a large sample of 15,133 office building transactions that occurred between 2001 and 2010. In addition to building characteristics, we also include information on the operating expenses, the net operating income, and the market capitalization rates at sale to estimate an asset pricing model for commercial office real estate assets. A further set of important controls

170

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Responsive Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CA, USA. Siddiqui, AS (2004), Price-Elastic Demand inand Demand Response in Electricity Markets, CSEM Working Paper CSEM-WP-105, University of California Energy Institute, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Natural Gas Marketer Prices and Sales To Residential and Commercial Customers: 2002-2005  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report compares residential and commercial prices collected from natural gas marketers and local distribution companies in MD, NY, OH and PA from 2002-2005 and gives the history and status of natural gas choice programs in those States.

Amy Sweeney

2007-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

172

Limiting currency volatility to stimulate goods market integration: a price based approach. NBER Working Paper No. 8468  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies the effect of instrumental and institutional stabilization of exchange rate volatility on the integration of goods markets. Rather than using data on volume of trade, this paper employs a 3-dimensional panel of prices of 95 very disaggregated goods (e.g., light bulbs) in 83 cities around the world during 1990-2000. We find that the impact of an institutional stabilization currency board or dollarization promotes market integration far beyond an instrumental stabilization. Among them, long-term currency unions are more effective than more recent currency boards. All have room to improve relative to a U.S. benchmark.

David C. Parsley; Shang-jin Wei

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Central Appalachian (CAPP) coal spot prices affect markets for ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

View All Tags View Tag Cloud ... The FOB price is quoted at the rail or barge point of origin. ... and influence other risk management mechanisms.

174

Essays on pricing electricity and electricity derivatives in deregulated markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation is composed of four essays on the behavior of wholesale electricity prices and their derivatives. The first essay provides an empirical model that (more)

Popova, Julia.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Impacts of Trades in an Error-Correction Model of Quote Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Short-Selling and Asset Price Adjustment to PrivateF. , 2000, Time and the Price Impact of a Trade, Journal ofand OHara, Maureen, 1987, Price, Trade Size and Information

Engle, Robert F; Patton, Andrew J

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forecasts of U.S. coal minemouth prices and total U.S. coalInverse Price Elasticities for Gas, Coal, and implicitdisplace coal over time, muting the impact on gas prices. As

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

The potential impact of renewable energy deployment on natural gas prices in New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

more sizable impact on gas prices (e.g. , due to short-termEnergy Deployment on Natural Gas Prices in New England Datedirectly hedge natural gas price risk by reducing the need

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Buying Beauty: On Prices and Returns in the Art Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the price determinants and investment performance of art. We apply a hedonic regression analysis to a new data set of more than one million auction transactions of paintings and works on paper. Based on the resulting price index, ... Keywords: art, auctions, hedonic regressions, investments, repeat-sales regressions, sentiment

Luc Renneboog; Christophe Spaenjers

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S. ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the relationship between energy factor markets, leasing structures and the transaction prices of office buildings in the U.S. We employ a large sample of 15,133 office building transactions that occurred between 2001 and 2010. In addition to building characteristics, we also include information on the operating expenses, the net operating income, and the market capitalization rates at sale to estimate an asset pricing model for commercial office real estate assets. A further set of important controls in our analysis is the one-to-twelve month forward contract prices and the shape of the forward contract price curve, using auction data for the regional electricity trading hubs in which the building is located and auction data from the Henry Hub for natural gas. We also include weather metrics in the form of the variance in the last twelve months of minimum and maximum temperature and precipitation for each buildings location and sale date. Our final set of controls includes information on the dominant contractual leasing structure of the buildings. Our empirical results suggest that Energy Star labels do not explain additional variance in property prices once the key asset pricing factors of expenses, income and market capitalization rates are included. Energy factor market prices, the shape of the energy forward price curves, and weather metrics are consistently shown to be statistically significant determinants of office building transaction prices, suggesting that commercial office building prices are likely to be exposed to shocks in these markets.

Dwight Jaffee; Richard Stanton; Nancy Wallace

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Price and cost impacts of utility DSM programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More US utilities are running more and larger demand-side management (DSM) programs. Assessing the cost-effectiveness of these programs raises difficult questions for utilities and their regulators. In particular, should these programs aim to minimize the total cost of providing electric-energy services or should they minimize the price of electricity Most of the debates about the appropriate economic tests to use in assessing utility programs do not address the magnitude of the impacts. As a result, questions remain about the relationships among utility DSM programs and acquisition of supply resources and the effects of these choices on electricity prices and costs. This study offers quantitative estimates on the tradeoffs between total costs and electricity prices. A dynamic model is used to assess the effects of energy-efficiency programs on utility revenues, total resource costs, electricity prices, and electricity consumption for the period 1990 to 2010. These DSM programs are assessed under alternative scenarios for three utilities: a base that is typical of US utilities; a surplus utility that has excess capacity, few planned retirements, and slow growth in fossil-fuel prices and incomes; and a deficit utility that has little excess capacity, many planned retirements, and rapid growth in fossil-fuel prices and incomes. Model results show that DSM programs generally reduce electricity costs and increase electricity prices. However, the percentage reduction in costs is usually greater than the percentage increase in prices. On the other hand, most of the cost benefits of DSM programs can be obtained without raising electricity prices.

Hirst, E. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Internet Advertising: Market Structure and New Pricing Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper the Internet advertising market is analyzed. Data and estimates confirm that the Web represents a real threat to television and newspapers. Therefore, the main characteristics of the advertising market are described in order to point out ...

Andrea Mangni

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Refinery Outages: Description and Potential Impact on Petroleum Product Prices  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report responds to a July 13, 2006 request from Chairman Jeff Bingaman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources requested that EIA conduct a study of the impact that refinery shutdowns have had on the price of oil and gasoline.

Joanne Shore

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

183

Efficient Retail Pricing in Electricity and Natural Gas Markets: A Familiar Problem with New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long line of research investigates whether the retail prices of electricity and natural gas send proper signals about scarcity in order to induce efficient consumption. Historically, regulated utilities have not designed tariffs that set marginal prices equal to marginal costs. Currently, some jurisdictions are opening the retail sectors of the gas and electricity industry to competition via retail choice. These new regimes replace imperfect regulation with imperfect competition as the process by which retail tariffs are formed. We discuss the challenges in evaluating the efficiency of these new pricing regimes and present descriptive evidence of how pricing has changed in markets with retail choice.

Steven L. Puller; Jeremy West

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Coal market fundamentals changed, yet spot prices remained stable ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Financial market analysis and financial data for major energy companies. ... Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Weekly Coal Production, ...

185

Credit Market Distortions, Asset Prices and Monetary Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

decisions. In our framework, ?rms are committed to pay 3the wage bill before production takes place and pro?ts are realized. Although ?rms could alternatively issue new equity, this possibility is a priori excluded. In fact, due to adverse selection... prices is always bene?cial, from a welfare point of view, 4when the central bank considers a term re?ecting stock price volatility in the loss function. Our results point out that responding to asset prices misalignments might be bene?cial when strong...

Pfajfar, D; Santoro, E

186

Forecasting next-day price of electricity in the Spanish energy market using artificial neural networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, next-day hourly forecasts are calculated for the energy price in the electricity production market of Spain. The methodology used to achieve these forecasts is based on artificial neural networks, which have been used successfully in recent ... Keywords: ART network, Backpropagation network, Box-Jenkins, Electricity market, Neural networks, Time series forecasting

Ral Pino; Jos Parreno; Alberto Gomez; Paolo Priore

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

On the shortterm influence of oil price changes on stock markets in GCC countries: linear and nonlinear analyses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the short-run relationships between oil prices and GCC stock markets. Since GCC countries are major world energy market players, their stock markets may be susceptible to oil price shocks. To account for the fact that stock markets may respond nonlinearly to oil price shocks, we have examined both linear and nonlinear relationships. Our findings show that there are significant links between the two variables in Qatar, Oman, and UAE. Thus, stock markets in these countries react positively to oil price

Mohamed El; Hedi Arouri; Julien Fouquau

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Futures Markets and the Reservation Price of Stumpage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are out of date. lumber and plywood prices to adjust theselength 2x4 full of random lumber (or 1/2 1 COX plywood forthe plywood contract) delivered in a specific place,

Berck, Peter; Bible, Thomas

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Analysis of price diffusion in financial markets using PUCK model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the new type of random walk process called the Potentials of Unbalanced Complex Kinetics (PUCK) model, we theoretically show that the price diffusion in large scales is amplified 2/(2 + b) times, where b is the coefficient of quadratic term of the potential. In short time scales the price diffusion depends on the size M of the super moving average. Both numerical simulations and real data analysis of Yen-Dollar rates are consistent with theoretical analysis.

Mizuno, T; Takayasu, M; Mizuno, Takayuki; Takayasu, Hideki; Takayasu, Misako

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Future market for ceramics in vehicle engines and their impacts  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ceramic engine components have potential to improve vehicle fuel economy. Some recent tests have also shown their environmental benefits, particularly in reducing particulate emissions in heavy-duty diesel engines. The authors used the data from a survey of the US vehicle engine and component manufacturers relating to ceramic engine components to develop a set of market penetration models. The survey identified promising ceramic components and provided data on the timing of achieving introductory shares in light and heavy-duty markets. Some ceramic components will penetrate the market when the pilot-scale costs are reduced to one-fifth of their current values, and many more will enter the market when the costs are reduced to one-tenth of the current values. An ongoing ceramics research program sponsored by the US Department of Energy has the goal of achieving such price reductions. The size and value of the future ceramic components market and the impacts of this market in terms of fuel savings, reduction in carbon dioxide emissions, and potential reduction in other criteria pollutants are presented. The future ceramic components market will be 9 million components worth $29 million within 5 years of introduction and will expand to 692 million components worth $3,484 million within 20 years. The projected annual energy savings are 3.8 trillion Btu by 5 years, increasing to 526 trillion Btu during the twentieth year. These energy savings will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 41 million tons during the twentieth year. Ceramic components will help reduce particulate emissions by 100 million tons in 2030 and save the nation`s urban areas $152 million. The paper presents the analytical approach and discusses other economic impacts.

Vyas, A.; Hanson, D. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research; Stodolsky, F. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Center for Transportation Research]|[Argonne National Lab., Washington, DC (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Want to Put an End to Capacity Markets? Think Real-Time Pricing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The amount of generation capacity that must be installed to meet resource adequacy requirements often causes the energy market to be suppressed to the point that it fails to produce sufficient revenues to attract new entry. A significant expansion in the use of real-time pricing can, over time, cause the energy market to become a more bountiful source of revenues for generators, allowing the elimination of the capacity market. (author)

Reeder, Mark

2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Price discovery in auction markets: A look inside the black box  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the process of price discovery at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) single price opening auction. Interest in this topic is motivated by the crucial role played by opening mechanisms in information aggregation following the overnight non-trading period. In addition, the operation of auction markets is an issue of considerable importance for new, automated trading systems as well as extant exchanges. We show empirically that specialists significantly facilitate price discovery. Specifically, the opening price set by the specialist is more efficient than the price that would prevail in a pure auction with only public orders. This is consistent with a model where specialists learn from observing the evolution of the limit order book. The specialists opening trade reflects private information and non-informational factors such as inventory control and price continuity. We discuss the empirical and policy implications of these results.

Ananth Madhavan; Venkatesh Panchapagesan; Frank Hatheway; Patrik S; George Sofianos

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Customer reponse to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

March. Neenan, B. (1992) Electricity A La Carte ElectricPrice Responsive? The Electricity Journal 15(3): 52-59.ahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTP

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Controlling Market Power and Price Spikes in Electricity Networks: Demand-side Bidding  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simona Lup, Jia Jing Liu and Stephen Sosnicki for help with running the experiments and testing the software. This paper has benefited from comments from Kevin McCabe, Mark Olson, Dave Porter, and Stan Reynolds, but all errors are our own. The data are available upon request from the authors. Controlling Market Power and Price Spikes in Electricity Networks: Demand-Side Bidding In this paper we report experiments that examine how two structural features of electricity networks contribute to the exercise of market power in deregulated markets. The first feature is the distribution of ownership of a given set of generating assets. In the market power treatment, two large firms are allocated baseload and intermediate cost generators such that either firm might unilaterally withhold the capacity of its intermediate cost generators from the market to benefit from the supracompetitive prices that would result from only selling its baseload units. In the converse treatment, ownership of some of the intermediate cost generators is transferred from each of these firms to two other firms, so that no one firm could unilaterally restrict output to spawn supra-competitive prices. The second feature explores how the presence of line constraints in a radial network may segment the market and promote supra-competitive pricing in the isolated market segments. We also consider the interaction effect when both of these structural features are present. Having established a wellcontrolled data set with price spikes paralleling those observed in the naturally occurring economy, we also extend the design to include demand-side bidding. We find that demand-side bidding completely neutralizes the exercise of market power and eliminates price spikes.

Stephen J. Rassenti; Vernon L. Smith; Bart J. Wilson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Model documentation: Electricity market module, electricity finance and pricing submodule  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to define the objectives of the model, describe its basic approach, and provide detail on how it works. The EFP is a regulatory accounting model that projects electricity prices. The model first solves for revenue requirements by building up a rate base, calculating a return on rate base, and adding the allowed expenses. Average revenues (prices) are calculated based on assumptions regarding regulator lag and customer cost allocation methods. The model then solves for the internal cash flow and analyzes the need for external financing to meet necessary capital expenditures. Finally, the EFP builds up the financial statements. The EFP is used in conjunction with the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). Inputs to the EFP include the forecast generating capacity expansion plans, operating costs, regulator environment, and financial data. The outputs include forecasts of income statements, balance sheets, revenue requirements, and electricity prices.

1994-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Geothermal Energy Market Study on the Atlantic Coastal Plain. A Review of Recent Energy Price Projections for Traditional Space Heating Fuel 1985-2000  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In order to develop an initial estimate of the potential competitiveness of low temperature (45 degrees C to 100 degrees C) geothermal resources on the Eastern Coastal Plain, the Center for Metropolitant Planning and Research of The Johns Hopkins University reviewed and compared available energy price projections. Series of projections covering the post-1985 period have been made by the Energy Information Administration, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and by private research firms. Since low temperature geothermal energy will compete primarily for the space and process heating markets currently held by petroleum, natural gas, and electricity, projected trends in the real prices for these fuels were examined. The spread in the current and in projected future prices for these fuels, which often serve identical end uses, underscores the influence of specific attributes for each type of fuel, such as cleanliness, security of supply, and governmental regulation. Geothermal energy possesses several important attributes in common with electricity (e.g., ease of maintenance and perceived security of supply), and thus the price of electric space heating is likely to be an upper bound on a competitive price for geothermal energy. Competitiveness would, of course, be increased if geothermal heat could be delivered for prices closer to those for oil and natural gas. The projections reviewed suggest that oil and gas prices will rise significantly in real terms over the next few decades, while electricity prices are projected to be more stable. Electricity prices will, however, remain above those for the other two fuels. The significance of this work rests on the fact that, in market economies, prices provide the fundamental signals needed for efficient resource allocation. Although market prices often fail to fully account for factors such as environmental impacts and long-term scarcity value, they nevertheless embody a considerable amount of information and are the primary guideposts for suppliers and consumers.

Weissbrod, Richard; Barron, William

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Price impacts of electric-utility DSM programs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As competition in the electricity industry increases, utilities (and others) worry more about the upward pressure on electricity prices that demand-side management (DSM) programs often impose. Because of these concerns, several utilities have recently reduced the scope of their DSM programs or focused these programs more on customer service and peak-demand reductions and less on improving energy efficiency. This study uses the Oak Ridge Financial Model (ORFIN) to calculate the rate impacts of DSM. The authors use ORFIN to examine the two factors that contribute to DSM`s upward pressure on prices: the cost of the programs themselves and the loss of revenue associated with fixed-cost recovery. This second factor reflects the reduction in revenues caused by the DSM-induced energy and demand savings that exceed the reduction in utility costs. This analysis examines DSM price impacts as functions of the following factors: the DSM program itself (cost, conservation load factor, geographic focus on deferral of transmission and distribution investments, and mix across customer classes); the utility`s cost and pricing structures (factors at least partly under the utility`s control, such as retail tariffs, fixed vs variable operating costs, and capital costs not related to kW or kWh growth); and external economic and regulatory factors (the level and temporal pattern of avoided energy and capacity costs; ratebasing vs expensing of DSM-program costs; shareholder incentives for DSM programs; load growth; and the rates for income, property, and revenue taxes).

Hirst, E.; Hadley, S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

LNG price parity with oil clouds future of European gas market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Europe's international gas trade may have to mark time while the gas industry determines whether the fuel can remain competitive in the wake of Algeria's recent political victory - a high price for its LNG exports to France. Potential gas buyers will face sellers seeking to emulate the $5.10/million Btu price level. The latest conflict, between Algeria and Italy, is preventing start-up of the completed trans-Mediterranean pipeline. Large gas-price increases across Europe would prompt bulk steam-raisers to move to other fuels; the premium household and commercial markets would not be able to absorb the surplus. If the trend of LNG price parity with crude continues, gas could lose a substantial share of its European market and LNG projects will continue to be abandoned.

Vielvoye, R.

1982-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

199

Credit Supply and House Prices: Evidence from Mortgage Market Segmentation ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that easier access to mortgage credit significantly increases house prices by using exogenous changes in the conforming loan limit as an instrument for easier credit supply and cheaper cost of credit. We find that houses that become eligible for financing with a conforming loan show an increase in house value of 1.1 dollars per square foot (for an average price per square foot of 224 dollars) and higher overall house prices controlling for a rich set of house characteristics. These coefficients are consistent with a local elasticity of house prices to interest rates below 6. In addition, loan to value ratios around the conforming loan limit deviate significantly from the common 80 percent norm, which confirms that it is an important factor in the financing choices of home buyers. In line with our interpretation, the results are stronger in the first half of our sample (1998-2001) when the conforming loan limit was more important, given that other forms of financing were less common and substantially more expensive.

Manuel Adelino; Antoinette Schoar; Felipe Severino; We Thank Viral Acharya; Gustavo Manso; Atif Mian; Sendhil Mullainathan; Chris Mayer; David Scharfstein; Mathew Slaughter; Jeremy Stein; Bill Wheaton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Impact of foreign LPG operations on domestic LPG markets  

SciTech Connect

During 1978 the federal government passed legislation allowing a major increase in natural gas prices and offering hope that some portion of the supply will be allowed to reach free market levels. The mechanism for decontrol of crude oil was also put into effect. This favorable government action and higher world oil prices have led to a major resurgence in domestic exploration. In addition to the supply effects, there appears to have been a substantial demand response to the latest round of world oil price increases. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how these events have affected domestic LPG markets and pricing.

Jones, C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Does property market risks matter in commercial mortgage loan pricing : an inquiry into the determinants of commercial mortgage loan spread  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study takes a quantitative approach to test the determinants of commercial mortgage loan pricing at origination. The determinants include capital market risk, property market risks, mortgage terms and property ...

Wang, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Spot pricing of electricity and ancillary services in a competitive California market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Typically, in competitive electricity markets, the vertically integrated utilities that were responsible for ensuring system reliability in their own service territories, or groups of territories, cease to exist. The burden falls to an independent system operator (ISO) to ensure that enough ancillary services (AS) are available for safe, stable, and reliable operation of the grid, typically defined, in part, as compliance with officially approved engineering specifications for minimum levels of AS. In order to characterize the behavior of market participants (generators, retailers, and an ISO) in a competitive electricity market with reliability requirements, spot markets for both electricity and AS are modeled. By assuming that each participant seeks to maximize its wealth and that all markets clear, we solve for the optimal quantities of electricity and AS traded in the spot market by all participants, as well as the market clearing prices for each.

Siddiqui, A.S.; Marnay, C.; Khavkin, M.

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

FIRST PRICE AND SECOND PRICE AUCTION MODELLING FOR ENERGY CONTRACTS IN LATIN AMERICAN ELECTRICITY MARKETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand growth. Current electricity market designs are being reviewed to avoid supply difficulties concept, named "capacity tag" for each plant is being proposed and in the FERC/EU direc- tives in the US INTERRUPTED MARKETS OPERATING COUNTRIES WITH POWER ADJUSTMENTS INTHE REFORM PROCESS INTERESTED INTHE NEW

Rudnick, Hugh

204

Making the Traffic Operations Case for Congestion Pricing: Operational Impacts of Congestion Pricing  

SciTech Connect

Congestion begins when an excess of vehicles on a segment of roadway at a given time, resulting in speeds that are significantly slower than normal or 'free flow' speeds. Congestion often means stop-and-go traffic. The transition occurs when vehicle density (the number of vehicles per mile in a lane) exceeds a critical level. Once traffic enters a state of congestion, recovery or time to return to a free-flow state is lengthy; and during the recovery process, delay continues to accumulate. The breakdown in speed and flow greatly impedes the efficient operation of the freeway system, resulting in economic, mobility, environmental and safety problems. Freeways are designed to function as access-controlled highways characterized by uninterrupted traffic flow so references to freeway performance relate primarily to the quality of traffic flow or traffic conditions as experienced by users of the freeway. The maximum flow or capacity of a freeway segment is reached while traffic is moving freely. As a result, freeways are most productive when they carry capacity flows at 60 mph, whereas lower speeds impose freeway delay, resulting in bottlenecks. Bottlenecks may be caused by physical disruptions, such as a reduced number of lanes, a change in grade, or an on-ramp with a short merge lane. This type of bottleneck occurs on a predictable or 'recurrent' basis at the same time of day and same day of week. Recurrent congestion totals 45% of congestion and is primarily from bottlenecks (40%) as well as inadequate signal timing (5%). Nonrecurring bottlenecks result from crashes, work zone disruptions, adverse weather conditions, and special events that create surges in demand and that account for over 55% of experienced congestion. Figure 1.1 shows that nonrecurring congestion is composed of traffic incidents (25%), severe weather (15%), work zones, (10%), and special events (5%). Between 1995 and 2005, the average percentage change in increased peak traveler delay, based on hours spent in traffic in a year, grew by 22% as the national average of hours spent in delay grew from 36 hours to 44 hours. Peak delay per traveler grew one-third in medium-size urban areas over the 10 year period. The traffic engineering community has developed an arsenal of integrated tools to mitigate the impacts of congestion on freeway throughput and performance, including pricing of capacity to manage demand for travel. Congestion pricing is a strategy which dynamically matches demand with available capacity. A congestion price is a user fee equal to the added cost imposed on other travelers as a result of the last traveler's entry into the highway network. The concept is based on the idea that motorists should pay for the additional congestion they create when entering a congested road. The concept calls for fees to vary according to the level of congestion with the price mechanism applied to make travelers more fully aware of the congestion externality they impose on other travelers and the system itself. The operational rationales for the institution of pricing strategies are to improve the efficiency of operations in a corridor and/or to better manage congestion. To this end, the objectives of this project were to: (1) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the study of actual projects, and (2) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the use of modeling and other analytical methods. Specifically, the project was to identify credible analytical procedures that FHWA can use to quantify the impacts of various congestion pricing strategies on traffic flow (throughput) and congestion.

Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Modeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price mean reversion rate" ; Real relEnergyPrice (start = 1); Real energyCostTrend (start = 1); Real[i,j,k]; end nextStep; equation energyCostTrend = relEnergyPrice * energyUse / baseEnergyUse; // usefulModeling of CO2 Reduction Impacts on Energy Prices with Modelica Philip Machanick1 , Ariel Liebman1

Machanick, Philip

206

Estimating Large-Customer Demand Response Market Potential:Integrating Price and Customer Behavior  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ABSTRACT=Demand response (DR) is increasingly recognized asan essential ingredient to well-functioning electricity markets. DRmarket potential studies can answer questions about the amount of DRavailable in a given area, from which market segments. Several recent DRmarket potential studies have been conducted, most adapting techniquesused to estimate energy-efficiency (EE) potential. In this scoping study,we: reviewed and categorized seven recent DR market potential studies;recommended a methodology for estimating DR market potential for large,non-residential utility customers that uses price elasticities to accountfor behavior and prices; compiled participation rates and elasticityvalues from six DR options offered to large customers in recent years,and demonstrated our recommended methodology with large customer marketpotential scenarios at an illustrative Northeastern utility. We recommendan elasticity approach for large-customer DR options that rely oncusto!

Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan,Bernie; Cappers, Peter

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Measuring oil-price shocks using market-based information, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper No  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper takes on a narrative and quantitative approach to examine the dynamic effects of oil-price shocks to the U.S. economy. Based on market information collected from various oil-industry trade journals, we separate different kinds of oilprice shocks, and construct measures of exogenous oil shocks that are free of endogeneity and anticipatory problems. Estimation results indicate that oil shocks have had substantial and statistically significant impacts on the U.S. economy during the past two and a half decades. By contrast, traditional VAR identification strategies lead to a much weaker and insignificant real effect for the same period. Further investigation suggests that this discrepancy is possibly due to a lack of identification on the VAR approach, originating from mixing the exogenous oil-supply shocks with endogenous oil-price movements driven by changes in oil demand.

Tao Wu; Michele Cavallo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market HourlyElectricity Pricing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Real-time pricing (RTP) has been advocated as an economically efficient means to send price signals to customers to promote demand response (DR) (Borenstein 2002, Borenstein 2005, Ruff 2002). However, limited information exists that can be used to judge how effectively RTP actually induces DR, particularly in the context of restructured electricity markets. This report describes the second phase of a study of how large, non-residential customers' adapted to default-service day-ahead hourly pricing. The customers are located in upstate New York and served under Niagara Mohawk, A National Grid Company (NMPC)'s SC-3A rate class. The SC-3A tariff is a type of RTP that provides firm, day-ahead notice of hourly varying prices indexed to New York Independent System Operator (NYISO) day-ahead market prices. The study was funded by the California Energy Commission (CEC)'s PIER program through the Demand Response Research Center (DRRC). NMPC's is the first and longest-running default-service RTP tariff implemented in the context of retail competition. The mix of NMPC's large customers exposed to day-ahead hourly prices is roughly 30% industrial, 25% commercial and 45% institutional. They have faced periods of high prices during the study period (2000-2004), thereby providing an opportunity to assess their response to volatile hourly prices. The nature of the SC-3A default service attracted competitive retailers offering a wide array of pricing and hedging options, and customers could also participate in demand response programs implemented by NYISO. The first phase of this study examined SC-3A customers' satisfaction, hedging choices and price response through in-depth customer market research and a Constant Elasticity of Substitution (CES) demand model (Goldman et al. 2004). This second phase was undertaken to answer questions that remained unresolved and to quantify price response to a higher level of granularity. We accomplished these objectives with a second customer survey and interview effort, which resulted in a higher, 76% response rate, and the adoption of the more flexible Generalized Leontief (GL) demand model, which allows us to analyze customer response under a range of conditions (e.g. at different nominal prices) and to determine the distribution of individual customers' response.

Goldman, Chuck; Hopper, Nicole; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Neenan,Bernie; Boisvert, Dick; Cappers, Peter; Pratt, Donna; Butkins, Kim

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

209

Protecting the Market from ``Hockey Stick'' Pricing: How  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the Market Oversight Division of the Public Utility Commission of Texas in Austin. His duties involve the University of Texas at Austin. Shmuel Oren is Professor of Industrial Engineering and Operations Research stick strategy involves offers of a small, expendable quantity of energy or capacity well in excess

Oren, Shmuel S.

210

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991. A Comparison of Petroleum Futures versus Spot PricesFutures: An Update on Petroleum, Natural Gas, Heating Oiland Its Impact on U.S. Petroleum Markets. Dahl, Carol and

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Market impacts: Improvements in the industrial sector | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy performance Communicate energy efficiency Industrial energy management information center Market impacts: Improvements in the industrial sector An effective energy...

212

Application of a new hybrid neuro-evolutionary system for day-ahead price forecasting of electricity markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a new forecast strategy is proposed for day-ahead prediction of electricity prices, which are so valuable for both producers and consumers in the new competitive electric power markets. However, electricity price has a nonlinear, volatile ... Keywords: Evolutionary algorithm, Hybrid neuro-evolutionary system, Neural network, Price forecast

Nima Amjady; Farshid Keynia

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Oil Prices, Stock Markets and Portfolio Investment: Evidence from Sector Analysis in Europe over the Last Decade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oil Prices, Stock Markets and Portfolio Investment: Evidence from Sector Analysis in Europe over This article extends the understanding of oil­stock market relationships over the last turbulent decade. Unlike returns to oil price changes differ greatly depending on the activity sector. In the out

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

214

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models andFutures Markets  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this article is to compare the accuracy of forecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the Energy Information Administration's Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) and the futures market for the period from 1998 to 2003. The analysis tabulates the existing data and develops a statistical comparison of the error between STEO and U.S. wellhead natural gas prices and between Henry Hub and U.S. wellhead spot prices. The results indicate that, on average, Henry Hub is a better predictor of natural gas prices with an average error of 0.23 and a standard deviation of 1.22 than STEO with an average error of -0.52 and a standard deviation of 1.36. This analysis suggests that as the futures market continues to report longer forward prices (currently out to five years), it may be of interest to economic modelers to compare the accuracy of their models to the futures market. The authors would especially like to thank Doug Hale of the Energy Information Administration for supporting and reviewing this work.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

215

Using market-based dispatching with environmental price signals to reduce emissions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of global environment and energy challenges, thereby contributing to informed debate about climate changeUsing market-based dispatching with environmental price signals to reduce emissions and water use with independent policy analysis to provide a solid foundation for the public and private decisions needed

216

Price strategies in dynamic duopolistic markets with deregulated electricity supplies using mixed strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While effective competition can force service providers to seek economically efficient methods to reduce costs, the deregulated electricity supply industry still allows some generators to exercise market power at particular locations, thereby preventing ... Keywords: deregulated electricity supplies, mixed strategies, price strategies

Jose B. Cruz, Jr.; Xiaohuan Tan

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Reviewing progress in PJM's capacity market structure via the new reliability pricing model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Reliability Pricing Model introduces significant changes to the capacity market structure of PJM. The main feature of the RPM design is a downward-sloping demand curve, which replaces the highly volatile vertical demand curve. The authors review the latest RPM structure, results of the auctions, and the future course of the implementation process. (author)

Sener, Adil Caner; Kimball, Stefan

2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Price strategies in dynamic duopolistic markets with deregulated electricity supplies using mixed strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While effective competition can force service providers to seek economically efficient methods to reduce costs, the deregulated electricity supply industry still allows some generators to exercise market power at particular locations, thereby preventing ... Keywords: Deregulated electricity supplies, Mixed strategies, Price strategies

Jose B. Cruz, Jr.; Xiaohuan Tan

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

A Price Dynamics in Bandwidth Markets for Point-to-point Connections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We simulate a network of N routers and M network users making concurrent point-to-point connections by buying and selling router capacity from each other. The resources need to be acquired in complete sets, but there is only one spot market for each router. In order to describe the internal dynamics of the market, we model the observed prices by N-dimensional Ito-processes. Modeling using stochastic processes is novel in this context of describing interactions between end-users in a system with shared resources, and allows a standard set of mathematical tools to be applied. The derived models can also be used to price contingent claims on network capacity and thus to price complex network services such as quality of service levels, multicast, etc.

Lars Rasmusson; Erik Aurell

2001-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Natural Gas Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .versus AEO and Henry Hub Natural Gas Prices . . . . . .

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Gas Prices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .versus AEO and Henry Hub Natural Gas Prices . . . . . .

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Energy and Financial Markets Overview: Crude Oil Price Formation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

John Maples John Maples 2011 EIA Energy Conference April 26, 2011 Transportation and the Environment Light-duty vehicle combined Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards (CAFE) in three cases, 2005-2035 2 0 20 40 60 80 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 miles per gallon Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 CAFE6 CAFE3 Reference John Maples, April 26, 2011 Light-duty vehicle delivered energy consumption and total transportation carbon dioxide emissions, 2005-2035 3 0 5 10 15 20 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Reference CAFE3 CAFE6 quadrillion Btu 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011 John Maples, April 26, 2011 Distribution of new light-duty vehicle sales by price, 2010 and 2025 (2009$) 4 Source: EIA, Annual Energy Outlook 2011

223

Distributional Impacts of Carbon Pricing: A General Equilibrium Approach with Micro-Data for Households  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many policies to limit greenhouse gas emissions have at their core efforts to put a price on carbon emissions. Carbon pricing impacts households both by raising the cost of carbon intensive products and by changing factor ...

Rausch, Sebastian

224

The world oil market and OPEC behavior: The leak-producer price leader model  

SciTech Connect

This is an economic study of the world's oil market in which OPEC plays the central role in determining the oil supply and price. Understanding OPEC's behavior is at the core of understanding the world's oil market. However, oil is a resource belonging to the family of natural resources known as exhaustible. We do not produce oil; we only extract and distribute a fixed amount of the resource over generations. Optimal extraction is a matter of concern to both suppliers and consumers. First, it is shown that using the traditional theory of producers behavior in the conventional commodity markets to explain extractors behavior in exhaustible resource markets is completely wrong. Second, current models of OPEC behavior are reviewed. Third, an alternative model is introduced. Previous authors have not directed their models to give explanations to the peculiar observations in oil market. This model divides the world's oil suppliers into: the free riders (non-OPEC oil producers), the OPEC hawks (a group within OPEC) and the leak-producer price leader (Saudi Arabia). Three factors, namely relatively big oil reserves, no other sources of income, and the avoidance of the so-called backstop technology make Saudi Arabia more interested in lower oil prices than are other oil extractors.

Aboalela, A.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012 and 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012 and 2013 A stuy of the potential impact of commerical markets of the Department of Energy's authoriziaton of uranium transfers to fund accelerated cleanup activities at the Portsmouth Site in Piketon, Ohio ERI_2142_07_1001_DOE_Potential_Market_Impact_Dec2010.pdf More Documents & Publications Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012, and 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of

226

Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012, and 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012, and 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012, and 2013 4.6_ERI_2142_07_1001_DOE_Potential_Market_Impact_Dec2010.pdf More Documents & Publications Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of DOE's Transfer of Natural Uranium Hexaflouride During Calendar Years 2011, 2012 and 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of

227

The Impact of Wind Power Generation on Wholesale Electricity Price ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

price for power generation are examined to forecast LNG price for power genera- tion. Information on future power plant's construction and decommission plan...

228

The impact of earnings management on price momentum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this dissertation I propose and test a new explanation for the price momentum anomaly: fundamental firm characteristics initially form price momentum portfolios, yet the (more)

Woodgate, Artemiza

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

The potential impact of renewable energy deployment on natural gas prices in New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Potential Impact of Renewable Energy Deployment onand in New England. Renewable energy (RE) technologies cangeneration with fixed-price renewable electricity supply. In

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

The impact of price discrimination on tourism demand / Elizabeth Maria Fouch.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The primary goal of this study was to determine the impact of price discrimination on tourism demand. Four objectives were defined with reference to the (more)

Fouch, Elizabeth Maria

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Dynamical Theory of Price and Money in Volatile Markets. A Physicist's Reaction to Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The creation and annihilation of money and its economic effects are reviewed. Economic values appear "in the mind" of the market participants; e.g., by pretending, maintaining and achieving a particular price for a certain asset. Upon its creation by banks, this kind of "value phantasy" is converted into "real money" often in terms of buyer's debt accompanied by a simultaneous payment of fiat money to the seller. This money is then multiplied on the money market and is competing against other money supplies for the traded assets, goods and services, where it may cause dilution, inflation and reallocation of resources.

Svozil, Karl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agency. IEA, 2009, Energy prices and taxes, Working paper,prices, the shape of the energy price curves, and weatherto high and volatile energy prices. Most economists would

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Respond Asymmet- rically to Crude Oil Price Changes? Theof the Pricing of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products. Reportwholesale gasoline prices. Crude oil prices are obviously

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Reset Price Inflation and the Impact of Monetary Policy Shocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A standard state-dependent pricing model generates little monetary non-neutrality. Two ways of generating more meaningful real effects are time-dependent pricing and strategic complementarities. These mechanisms have telltale implications for the persistence and volatility of reset price inflation. Reset price inflation is the rate of change of all desired prices (including goods that have not changed price in the current period). Using the micro data underpinning the CPI, we construct an empirical measure of reset price inflation. We find that time-dependent models imply unrealistically high persistence and stability of reset price inflation. This discrepancy is only exacerbated by adding strategic complementarities, even under state-dependent pricing. A state-dependent model with no strategic complementarities aligns most closely with the data.

Mark Bils; Peter J. Klenow; Benjamin A. Malin

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Hedging Strategies and the Economic Effects of Price Spikes in the Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis concerns the newly deregulated Swedish electricity market. More specifically it concerns the large sudden increases in the spot price of electricity, i.e. price spikes, and what can be done in order to minimise the risk associated with price spikes by the use of hedging strategies. We have focused on smaller electricity trading companies. Our research questions are formulated below. Which of our constructed hedging strategies will be the most advantageous to use in terms of reducing the risk associated with price spikes and at the same time produce the best total result over the year? What are the most critical issues that will improve the performance of a smaller electricity trading companys hedging strategy? Our results reveal that the strategy consisting of more precise hedging instruments is the most appropriate in terms of reducing the negative economic effects of price spikes. We also show that there is a need for electricity trading companies to put more emphasis on implementing a broader risk management strategy. Our research shows that the option strategy was successful and we recommend electricity traders to consider options as a tool in their hedging strategy.

Jan Hermansson; Johan Westberg; Graduate Business School; Printed Elanders; Novum Ab Abstract

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Determining market power in deregulated generation markets by measuring price-cost margins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this article. the author considers one of the more prominent examples of the SFE type by Aleksandr Rudkevich, Max Duckworth, and Richard Rosen (RDR). The conclusion of their paper, that fewer than 30 competitive firms (or, equivalently, an HHI over 333) likely constitute an impermissibly concentrated market, is a startling one, since it is unlikely that any deregulated electricity market will have this many competitors. In examining the source of the RDR conclusion in some detail and seeing where it goes awry, the author thinks it is possible to glean principles that can guide regulators to draw more sensible conclusions about the number of competitors required in these markets.

Falk, J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Three Essays on Price Dynamics and Causations among Energy Markets and Macroeconomic Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines three important issues in energy markets: price dynamics, information flow, and structural change. We discuss each issue in detail, building empirical time series models, analyzing the results, and interpreting the findings. First, we examine the contemporaneous interdependencies and information flows among crude oil, natural gas, and electricity prices in the United States (US) through the multivariate generalized autoregressive conditional heteroscedasticity (MGARCH) model, Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) for contemporaneous causal structures and Bernanke factorization for price dynamic processes. Test results show that the DAG from residuals of out-of-sample-forecast is consistent with the DAG from residuals of within-sample-fit. The result supports innovation accounting analysis based on DAGs using residuals of out-of-sample-forecast. Second, we look at the effects of the federal fund rate and/or WTI crude oil price shock on US macroeconomic and financial indicators by using a Factor Augmented Vector Autoregression (FAVAR) model and a graphical model without any deductive assumption. The results show that, in contemporaneous time, the federal fund rate shock is exogenous as the identifying assumption in the Vector Autoregression (VAR) framework of the monetary shock transmission mechanism, whereas the WTI crude oil price return is not exogenous. Third, we examine price dynamics and contemporaneous causality among the price returns of WTI crude oil, gasoline, corn, and the S&P 500. We look for structural break points and then build an econometric model to find the consistent sub-periods having stable parameters in a given VAR framework and to explain recent movements and interdependency among returns. We found strong evidence of two structural breaks and contemporaneous causal relationships among the residuals, but also significant differences between contemporaneous causal structures for each sub-period.

Hong, Sung Wook 1977-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

International market integration for natural gas? : a cointegration analysis of priced in Europe, North America and Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the degree of natural gas market integration in Europe, North America and Japan, between the mid 1990?s and 2002. Our hypothesis is that there was a certain split of prices between Europe and North America. The ...

L'Hegaret, Guillaume

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter's market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through February 28, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Heating oil prices for East Coast consumers started this winter at just over $1 per gallon, but rising crude oil prices drove them up nearly 21 cents through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of heating oil

240

Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services Component of DOE Low Enriched Uranium Inventory During Calendar Year 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of Introduction of the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Cheese Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cheese prices are derived from the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service Market News, the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. This publication explains the process of cheese pricing. It includes information on hauling rates and freight differentials

Schwart Jr., Robert B.; Anderson, David P.; Knutson, Ronald D.

2003-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

242

The Economic Impact of Network Pricing Errin W. Fulp1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Science and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, N.C. State University, Raleigh N.C. USA the appropriate resource price. For example, price increases can be used to lower demand as it approaches supply (capacity). Conversely, decreasing prices can be used to encourage usage. The objective is to This work

Reeves, Douglas S.

243

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

underestimate natural gas prices. The trends changed afterestimate natural gas prices. These trends suggest that

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

The livestock mandatory price reporting system: Lamb industry perceptions and impact  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The livestock mandatory price reporting system was approved by Congress in July of 1999, signed into law on October 22, 1999, and launched on April 2, 2001. In announcing the implementation of the mandatory price reporting system, the USDA claimed that it would provide information on 80% to 95% of the volume of all cattle, boxed beef, slaughter hogs, sheep and lamb meat, and imported lamb meat transactions. The new law had three explicit objectives: (1) facilitate price discovery, (2) make livestock markets more open, and (3) provide all market participants with market information that can be easily understood (USDA 2001a). This study attempts to determine if the new mandatory price reporting system had achieved these objectives in the perspective of the sheep and lamb industry during the period of the study. Survey questionnaires were developed to determine the perceptions of lamb producers and feeders regarding the effect of the mandatory price reporting system on: (1) the price discovery process, (2) the openness and transparency of lamb buying and selling transactions in the market, and (3) the quantity, accuracy, availability, and timeliness of information needed to make production and marketing decisions. First, the cross-tabulation or descriptive categorical analysis provided the basis for an aggregate evaluation of the perceptions of the survey respondents. Second, a logit regression analysis based on the ordinal regression models was built to consider the relationship between the perceptions of the responding sheep and lamb producers and feeders regarding the new mandatory price reporting system and key characteristics of those respondents (such as age, gender, years of experience, size of operations, etc.). During the period of the study, most respondents believed that the new Mandatory Price Reporting Act has not facilitated or enhanced their power to negotiate prices. Although producers from bigger ranches and feeders from larger capacity ranches reported some improvement in the price discovery process, most respondents believed that packers and feeders were still manipulating the sheep and lambs markets. Neither producers nor feeders perceived any improvements in the availability and openness of private transactions. The mandatory livestock price reports about the sheep and lamb market prices are considered the least useful information source for majority of respondents, as well as the most difficult to understand. The most useful and understandable source is perceived to be the voluntary USDA market reports and other ranchers and feeders.

Poghosyan, Artak Vahagn

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

EIA - Special Report 8/29/05 - Hurricane Katrina's Impact on Oil Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

the U.S. Oil Market the U.S. Oil Market Hurricane Katrina's Impact on the U.S. Oil Market As of 3:00 pm, Monday, August 29 --SEE MOST RECENT-- According to the Minerals Management Service (MMS), Gulf of Mexico oil production was reduced by about 1.4 million barrels per day as a result of Hurricane Katrina. The MMS also reported that 8.3 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas production was shut in. The Louisiana Offshore Oil Port (LOOP) stopped making shipments to onshore facilities as of Saturday, and was supplying its customers with oil stored onshore. However, even these operations were stopped on Sunday in order to give employees time to evacuate. Typically, about 1 million barrels per day goes through the LOOP. As of the close of trading on Monday, the WTI futures price was $67.20, up $1.07 per barrel from Friday's closing price, while gasoline and heating oil futures prices were up 14.4 and 7.2 cents respectively from Friday's closing prices.

246

Quantifying the Impact of Wind Energy on Market Coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantifying the Impact of Wind Energy on Market Coupling Hélène Le Cadre Mathilde Didier Abstract and of the uncertainty resulting from the introduction of renewable energy on the procurement total cost, on the market- formation on the quantities of renewable energy produced by the other markets, we show that the providers

Recanati, Catherine

247

WORKING PAPER SERIESFEDERAL RESERVE BANK of ATLANTA WORKING PAPER SERIES Trading Institutions and Price Discovery: The Cash and Futures Markets for Crude Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We provide substantial evidence that the futures market for West Texas Intermediate crude oil increased the short-term volatility of the cash price of crude oil. We show that the variability of prices increased using both published posted prices and transaction prices for producers. This increased volatility in the price of crude oil may reflect information aggregated into the price, an increase the variance of shocks to the price of crude oil, or noise in the futures price that affects the cash price. We present evidence from experiments consistent with the interpretation that information aggregation not feasible in a posted-price market can explain at least part of the increase in variance. This evidence supports the proposition that information not previously aggregated into the cash price for crude oil is at least part of the reason for the greater variability of the cash price after the opening of the futures market and provides at least one example in which a futures market increased the volatility of the cash market, and prices became more efficient. JEL classification: G130, G140 Key words: crude oil, futures, posted price, experiments, experimental finance, price discovery, information aggregation

Albert Ballinger; Gerald P. Dwyer; Ann B. Gillette; Albert Ballinger; Gerald P. Dwyer; Ann B. Gillette

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winters market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through ...

249

Agent-based simulations of the software market under different pricing schemes for software-as-a-service and perpetual software  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we present agent-based simulations that model the interactions between software buyers and vendors in a software market that offers Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) and perpetual software (PS) licensing under different pricing schemes. In ... Keywords: agentbased simulation, analytic hierarchy process (AHP), decision support, dynamic pricing, perpetual software pricing, software-as-a-service pricing

Juthasit Rohitratana; Jrn Altmann

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Capacity Markets for Electricity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the prevailing PJM energy market price. The demand in thethe prevailing national energy market price. Last, suppliersraising the national energy market price cap P up to f, in

Creti, Anna; Fabra, Natalia

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium Tanachai Limpaitoon, Yihsu Chen, Shmuel S. Oren The impact and efficacy of a cap-and-trade regulation on electric, and strategic behavior of generation firms. This paper develops an equilibrium model of an oligopoly electricity

Oren, Shmuel S.

252

Impact of the allowance allocation on prices and efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than CCGTs. In the short-term, electricity prices are set by the marginal unit. The marginal units tend to be those consuming fossil fuels, and as such are always exposed to CO2 allowance prices. Therefore, the price of electricity can be expected... ). Variable costs of both plants are determined mainly by their marginal fuel costs. At present (June 2005), PC plants operate for more hours per year than 4 Even the US SO2 cap offered limited...

Neuhoff, Karsten; Grubb, Michael; Keats, Kim

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

253

Energy Price Impacts on the U.S. Economy  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What does history tell us about how energy prices affect the economy? ... - WEFA, US Outlook, issues December 2000, and January, February and March 2001.

254

Details, Details... The Impact of Market Rules on Emerging "Green " Energy Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green power marketing is creating a customer-driven market for renewable energy resources, including solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and hydropower. Yet there are a number of market barriers to the creation of a workable green power market, and the ultimate success of retail markets for green power products will depend critically on the detailed market rules established at the onset of restructuring and on a number of market facilitation efforts. By surveying green power marketers and reviewing regulatory filings, this paper identifies and analyzes the types of restructuring market rules and market facilitation efforts that impact the competitive market for electricity services broadly, and the retail market for green power specifically. Taking a marketer perspective as our point of reference, we emphasize those rules and efforts that most effectively target key market barriers and that might be most successful in expanding the market for retail green power products. This information should help those interested in encouraging the development of the green power market during the early years of electricity restructuring.

Ernest Orlando Lawrence; Ryan Wiser; Steven Pickle; Joseph Eto

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Responsive Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are exposed to real-time electricity prices, they can adjustCustomers Respond to Electricity Price Variability: A Studyhours lowers the electricity spot price and reduces needed

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

against the risk of energy price fluctuations. In theory,The poor track record of energy price forecasting models hasof information about future energy prices, including most

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Western cattle prices vary across video markets and value-adding programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

results show average price differences between the regionthe highest average prices. These values are statisticallyfactors affecting cow auction price differentials. Southern

Blank, Steven C.; Boriss, Hayley; Forero, Larry C.; Nader, Glenn A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 permits, and NOx permits. Coal prices are assumed constantfalling average price is stronger, and coal-?red operatinghourly supply (price > $30) Load Coal Oil Gas Panel C:

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmet- rically to Crude Oil Price Changes? The Quarterlyin West Texas Crude Oil Price Robust-Clustered standardin West Texas Crude Oil Price Robust-Clustered standard

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Video market data for calves and yearlings confirms price discounts for Western cattle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

highest average nominal prices. ) Results not adjusted fordiscounted. For TABLE 4. Price premiums for value-addedhighest average nominal prices. ) Results not adjusted for

Blank, Steven; Forero, Larry C.; Nader, Glenn A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search with Learning from Prices: Does In- creased In?Gilbert (1997) Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asymmet- ricallyto Crude Oil Price Changes? The Quarterly Journal of

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

The Speed of Gasoline Price Response in Markets With and Without Edgeworth Cycles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Eckert, Andrew, Retail Price Cycles and the Presence ofLewis, Matthew, Asymmetric Price Adjustment and ConsumerTemporary Wholesale Gasoline Price Spikes have Long-lasting

Lewis, Matt; Noel, Michael

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Slide 2 of 11 Notes: One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices through February 7, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Heating oil prices for East Coast consumers started this winter at just over $1 per gallon, but rising crude oil prices drove them up nearly 21 cents per gallon through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude oil markets, magnified by a regional shortfall of

264

The impact of rising energy prices on household energy consumption and expenditure patterns: The Persian Gulf crisis as a case example  

SciTech Connect

The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and the subsequent war between Iraq and an international alliance led by the United States triggered immediate increases in world oil prices. Increases in world petroleum prices and in US petroleum imports resulted in higher petroleum prices for US customers. In this report, the effects of the Persian Gulf War and its aftermath are used to demonstrate the potential impacts of petroleum price changes on majority, black, and Hispanic households, as well as on poor and nonpoor households. The analysis is done by using the Minority Energy Assessment Model developed by Argonne National Laboratory for the US Department of Energy (DOE). The differential impacts of these price increases and fluctuations on poor and minority households raise significant issues for a variety of government agencies, including DOE. Although the Persian Gulf crisis is now over and world oil prices have returned to their prewar levels, the differential impacts of rising energy prices on poor and minority households as a result of any future crisis in the world oil market remains a significant long-term issue.

Henderson, L.J. (Baltimore Univ., MD (United States)); Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Systems Div.)

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

RDI forecasts oil price increase impact on electric consumers  

SciTech Connect

According to a publication by Resource Data International, Inc. (RDI), Boulder, Colorado, the current oil price increases will effect electricity consumers nationwide. While the direct use of fuel oil and natural gas as boiler fuels is expected to decline with rising prices, the cost of alternative energy sources including coal, nuclear, and hydro are also expected to rise, RDI said.

Not Available

1990-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

266

Customer response to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is growing interest in policies, programs and tariffs that encourage customer loads to provide demand response (DR) to help discipline wholesale electricity markets. Proposals at the retail level range from eliminating fixed rate tariffs as the default service for some or all customer groups to reinstituting utility-sponsored load management programs with market-based inducements to curtail. Alternative rate designs include time-of-use (TOU), day-ahead real-time pricing (RTP), critical peak pricing, and even pricing usage at real-time market balancing prices. Some Independent System Operators (ISOs) have implemented their own DR programs whereby load curtailment capabilities are treated as a system resource and are paid an equivalent value. The resulting load reductions from these tariffs and programs provide a variety of benefits, including limiting the ability of suppliers to increase spot and long-term market-clearing prices above competitive levels (Neenan et al., 2002; Boren stein, 2002; Ruff, 2002). Unfortunately, there is little information in the public domain to characterize and quantify how customers actually respond to these alternative dynamic pricing schemes. A few empirical studies of large customer RTP response have shown modest results for most customers, with a few very price-responsive customers providing most of the aggregate response (Herriges et al., 1993; Schwarz et al., 2002). However, these studies examined response to voluntary, two-part RTP programs implemented by utilities in states without retail competition.1 Furthermore, the researchers had limited information on customer characteristics so they were unable to identify the drivers to price response. In the absence of a compelling characterization of why customers join RTP programs and how they respond to prices, many initiatives to modernize retail electricity rates seem to be stymied.

Goldman, C.; Hopper, N.; Sezgen, O.; Moezzi, M.; Bharvirkar, R.; Neenan, B.; Boisvert, R.; Cappers, P.; Pratt, D.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

35 Panel B: Hourly real-time prices Mean change std. dev.of the e?ciency gains of real-time price variation could beof the customers pay real-time prices, i.e. , retail prices

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Empirical Analysis of the Spot Market Implications of Price-Responsive Demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used to adjust the real-time price perceived by end-useare exposed to real-time electricity prices, they can adjustof real-time pricing (RTP) on the equilibrium spot price and

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Empirical analysis of the spot market implications of price-elastic demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

used to adjust the real-time price perceived by end-useare exposed to real-time electricity prices, then they canof real-time pricing on the equilibrium spot price and

Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Bartholomew, Emily S.; Marnay, Chris

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

On the Dynamic Stability of Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity market models have become an indispensable tool for analyzing and pre- dicting the impact of diverse dynamic drivers (e.g., weather, load, fuel prices ...

271

Estimating the Customer-Level Demand for Electricity Under Real-Time Market Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents estimates of the customer-level demand for electricity by industrial and commercial customers purchasing electricity according to the half-hourly energy prices from the England and Wales (E&W) electricity market. These customers also face the possibility of a demand charge on its electricity consumption during the three half-hour periods that are coincident with E&W system peaks. Although energy charges are largely known by 4 PM the day prior to consumption, a fraction of the energy charge and the identity of the half-hour periods when demand charges occur are only known with certainty ex post of consumption. Four years of data from a Regional Electricity Company (REC) in the United Kingdom is used to quantify the half-hourly customer-level demands under this real-time pricing program. The econometric model developed and estimated here quantifies the extent of intertemporal substitution in electricity consumption across pricing periods within the day due to changes ...

Robert H. Patrick; Frank A. Wolak

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

EIA Report 9/26/08 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Market Impacts. Prices. NYMEX Futures Prices (for October delivery) 9/26/2008: Pre-Gustav 8/29/2008: change ...

273

EIA Report 9/13/08 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural Gas ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Market Impacts. Prices. NYMEX Futures Prices ... Gulf of Mexico Oil & Natural Gas Facts Energy Information Administration: Gulf of ...

274

Impact of farm policy on cotton prices in the United States: a study of cointegrated textile prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Information surrounding new United States farm policy is disseminated and processed by agricultural stake holders world wide. This information can provide the impetus for investors to trade commodities, farmers to plant, ranchers to sell livestock, and numerous other individuals to get involved in the expectation of an associated price change. New agricultural policy, therefore, is a federal government interruption in "business as usual" cycles and serves to create fluctuations in market price relationships. This thesis suggests that long-run equilibria exist and are distinguished by the farm policy present during the twenty years covered. Key words: cointegration, long-run equilibrium, Raw Fiber Equivalent cotton, AIndex, Memphis, and U.S. Ending Stocks.

Cook, Katherine Renee'

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The importance of vehicle costs, fuel prices, and fuel efficiency to HEV market success.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Toyota's introduction of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) named ''Prius'' in Japan and Honda's proposed introduction of an HEV in the United States have generated considerable interest in the long-term viability of such fuel-efficient vehicles. A performance and cost projection model developed entirely at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) is used here to estimate costs. ANL staff developed fuel economy estimates by extending conventional vehicle (CV) modeling done primarily under the National Cooperative Highway Research Program. Together, these estimates are employed to analyze dollar costs vs. benefits of two of many possible HEV technologies. We project incremental costs and fuel savings for a Prius-type low-performance hybrid (14.3 seconds zero to 60 mph acceleration, 260 time) and a higher-performance ''mild'' hybrid vehicle, or MHV (11 seconds 260 time). Each HEV is compared to a U.S. Toyota Corolla with automatic transmission (11 seconds 260 time). The base incremental retail price range, projected a decade hence, is $3,200-$3,750, before considering battery replacement cost. Historical data are analyzed to evaluate the effect of fuel price on consumer preferences for vehicle fuel economy, performance, and size. The relationship between fuel price, the level of change in fuel price, and consumer attitude toward higher fuel efficiency is also evaluated. A recent survey on the value of higher fuel efficiency is presented and U.S. commercial viability of the hybrids is evaluated using discount rates of 2090 and 870. Our analysis, with our current HEV cost estimates and current fuel savings estimates, implies that the U.S. market for such HEVS would be quite limited.

Santini, D. J.; Patterson, P. D.; Vyas, A. D.

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

276

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003. Balancing Natural Gas Policy Fuelin g the Demands ofNatural Gas Price Effects of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Practices and Policies.policies have estimated the impact of increased clean energy deployment on natural gas

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

The impact of multifamily development on single family home prices in the Greater Boston Area  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of large, multifamily developments on nearby single-family home prices was tested in five towns in the Greater Boston Area. Case studies that had recent multifamily developments built near transit nodes or town ...

Schuur, Arah (Arah Louise Adele)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

The Implementation of California AB 32 and its Impact on Wholesale Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

its Impact on Wholesale Electricity Markets James Bushnellits Impact on Wholesale Electricity Markets James Bushnell *gas emissions from electricity and perhaps other industries.

Bushnell, Jim B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

An Impact Analysis of Emergency Event on Stock Market Based on Web Search Data: A Case from 723 Yongwen Railway Accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The occurrence of major emergencies would have a certain impact on the production of related enterprises, industry outlook, even on national macroeconomic situation. The impact is presented as price fluctuation of event-related enterprises' stock. Fortunately, ... Keywords: web search data, major emergency, EMU (Electric Multiple Units) accident, railway accident, stock market

Yang Xin; Lv Benfu; Sun Yi; Peng Geng

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

The impact of regional energy-price differentials on manufacturing employment in the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study is an econometric analysis of the role of industrial energy prices in the location of manufacturing employment in the United States. Historical electricity and natural gas prices are analyzed for the nine US Census divisions. Econometric regression equations are used to show the role of electricity and natural gas prices in the location of output and in labor demand for SIC sectors 22 (textiles), 28 (chemicals), and 35 (nonelectrical machinery) in each Census division. A structural econometric model is built showing the three-fold impact of energy prices on textile employment in the Middle Atlantic division. Energy prices are linked to investment, output, and the demand for labor. Energy prices are shown to have a significant but secondary role in determining the location of manufacturing employment.

Dye, R.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Distributed Resources Strategic Review: Market Drivers Impacting Future Business Prospects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This strategic review analyzes and interprets the impact of utility industry restructuring and regulatory reform on the future market for distributed generation (DG) and, more broadly, distributed resources (DR).

1998-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

282

An exploration of automotive platinum demand and its impacts on the platinum market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The platinum market is a material market of increasing interest, as platinum demand has grown faster than supply in recent years. As a result, the price of platinum has increased, causing end-user firms to experience ...

Whitfield, Christopher George

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Impact of Higher Natural Gas Prices on Local Distribution ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

sectors of the natural gas market between 1999 and 2006, ... rate structure and revenue collection are appropriate for each customer service category.

284

Impact of misalignment of trading agent strategy under a multiple market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We examine the effect of a market pricing policy designed to attract high-valued traders in a multiple market context using JCAT software. Our experiments show that a simple change to pricing policy can create market performance effects that traditional adaptive trading agents are unable to recognize or capitalize on, but that market-policy-aware trading agents can generally obtain. This suggests as parameterized and tunable markets become more common, trading strategies will increasingly need to be conditional on each individual markets policies.

Jung-woo Sohn; Sooyeon Lee; Tracy Mullen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Electricity Price Formation -- Lessons from the Western U.S.: Report Series on Fuel and Power Market Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Western United States is a laboratory for observing the operation of competitive wholesale power markets. Combining a review of the fuel and power infrastructure with observations on market behavior and contractual practices, this report provides evidence of growing interdependence of fuel and power prices. This relationship is expected to strengthen and become more volatile as the fuel and power industries move toward ever higher levels of capacity utilization.

1997-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

286

Price regulation for waste hauling franchises in California: an examination of how regulators regulate pricing and the effects of competition on regulated markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thomadakis, Stavros. Price Regulation Under Uncertainty in698. Bs, Dieter. Pricing and Price Regulation. Elsevier.Optimal Structure of Public Prices. The American Economic

Seltzer, Steven A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agency. IEA, 2009, Energy prices and taxes, Working paper,to high and volatile energy prices. Most economists wouldIndeed, if and when U.S. energy prices do rise, the economic

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

On the stability of wholesale electricity markets under real-time pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper proposes a mathematical model for the dynamic evolution of supply, demand, and clearing prices under a class of real-time pricing mechanisms characterized by passing on the real-time wholesale prices to the end ...

Roozbehani, Mardavij

289

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market Hourly Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to Electricity Real-Time Prices: Short Run and LongResponse to Electricity Real-Time Prices: Short Run and LongResponse to Real Time Electricity Prices, Unpublished

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and compute the near natural gas price as the Henry Hubin the level of Henry Hub natural gas prices do not have aexpectations that natural gas prices are expected to rise

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

index.html. Appendix A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for FuturesError STEO Error A.1 Natural Gas Price Data for Futuresof forecasts for natural gas prices as reported by the

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

theory, I use a panel of gas station prices to estimate thetheory, I use a panel of gas station prices to estimate thecost. Using a panel of gas station prices, I estimate an

Lewis, Matt

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Strictly Speaking, the Law of One Price Works in Commodity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

teststo rejectthe law of one price when in fact it holds.G l . Keywords: law of one price, exchange rates,half livesequation 4 with wheat prices between the U.S. and Japan. All

Pippenger, John

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Some Pitfalls in Testing the Law of One Price in Commodity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000, Should the Law of One Price be Pushed Away? EvidenceJanet, 1994, The Law of One Price Revisited: New Evidence onBehavior of International Prices, Economic Inquiry, Vol. 32,

Phillips, Llad; Pippenger, John

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

The Impact of Technical Analysis on Asset Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vectors: 0=gl , where ( ) )1(11 1,,...,, +-= MMM llll , and 1)1( 1 1 +* - -= MQ t t Q qg . Using the normalised price given by (20), the 1M sub-vector in g becomes *1*1*1*1 )0()()( Qt q t Qt q tq t Qt q t Qt...

Yang, J-H Steffi; Satchell, Stephen E

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

296

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market Hourly Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of-Use Prices and Electricity Demand: Allowing for Selectionthe theory of customer electricity demand and the specificfor in evaluating electricity demand and price response. Hot

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the forecast. In 1978 the Natural Gas Policy Act was passedof Other Natural Gas Price Forecasts Researchers and policyresearchers and policy makers who utilize natural gas prices

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Stock market volatility and price discovery : three essays on the effect of macroeconomic information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Macro Announcements: Real Time Price Discovery in Foreign93, 3862. (2005): Real Time Price Discovery in Stock, Bond

Rangel, Jose Gonzalo

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

World Food Crisis: Imperfect Markets Starving Development, A Decomposition of Recent Food Price Increases.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The recent decade has experienced two rather substantial food price spikes. This thesis sets out to provide an in-depth look at the recent food price (more)

Costello, Christine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Run E?ects of Real-Time Electricity Pricing, CSEM WP-133 (Severin. Time-Varying Retail Electricity Prices: Theoryand Practice, Electricity Restructuring: Choices and

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Not All Large Customers are Made Alike: Disaggregating Response toDefault-Service Day-Ahead Market Pricing  

SciTech Connect

For decades, policymakers and program designers have gone onthe assumption that large customers, particularly industrial facilities,are the best candidates for realtime pricing (RTP). This assumption isbased partly on practical considerations (large customers can providepotentially large load reductions) but also on the premise thatbusinesses focused on production cost minimization are most likely toparticipate and respond to opportunities for bill savings. Yet fewstudies have examined the actual price response of large industrial andcommercial customers in a disaggregated fashion, nor have factors such asthe impacts of demand response (DR) enabling technologies, simultaneousemergency DR program participation and price response barriers been fullyelucidated. This second-phase case study of Niagara Mohawk PowerCorporation (NMPC)'s large customer RTP tariff addresses theseinformation needs. The results demonstrate the extreme diversity of largecustomers' response to hourly varying prices. While two-thirdsexhibitsome price response, about 20 percent of customers provide 75-80 percentof the aggregate load reductions. Manufacturing customers are mostprice-responsive as a group, followed by government/education customers,while other sectors are largely unresponsive. However, individualcustomer response varies widely. Currently, enabling technologies do notappear to enhance hourly price response; customers report using them forother purposes. The New York Independent System Operator (NYISO)'semergency DR programs enhance price response, in part by signaling tocustomers that day-ahead prices are high. In sum, large customers docurrently provide moderate price response, but there is significant roomfor improvement through targeted programs that help customers develop andimplement automated load-response strategies.

Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2006-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Dynamic filter weights neural network model integrated with differential evolution for day-ahead price forecasting in energy market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper a new dynamic model for forecasting electricity prices from 1 to 24h in advance is proposed. The model is a dynamic filter weight Adaline using a sliding mode weight adaptation technique. The filter weights for this neuron constitute of ... Keywords: Differential evolution, Dynamic filter weights neuron, Energy market, Local linear wavelet neural network, Sliding mode control

S. Chakravarty; P. K. Dash

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

All U.S. energy markets including exports and imports U.S.Energy Markets All U.S. energy markets including imports andenergy markets All U.S. energy markets including imports and

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Impacts of Regional Electricity Prices and Building Type on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To identify the impacts of regional electricity prices and building type on the economics of solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, 207 rate structures across 77 locations and 16 commercial building types were evaluated. Results for expected solar value are reported for each location and building type. Aggregated results are also reported, showing general trends across various impact categories.

Ong, S.; Campbell, C.; Clark, N.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Price Impact of Transmission Capacity Using FACTS Devices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report studies and develops techniques for profitable generation company operation in the competitive/deregulated environment. Specifically it investigates how market power can be used to reach the high-profit segment of the customer base. The first part of the report is primarily concerned with methods and theory. The competitive market framework assumed for this research is presented. The basic auctions used, and the optimization techniques used to implement them, are explained. Extensions to thes...

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

306

IMPACTS OF MARKET LIBERALISATION ON THE EU GAS INDUSTRY Paper for the 1 st Austrian-Czech-German Conference on Energy Market Liberalisation in Central and Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper presents an analysis of the effects of the EU Gas Directive on the EU gas industry in the next ten years. First, it briefly reviews the current driving factors for increasing competition in the EU gas markets. Second, the different directions of implementation of EU Gas Directive are discussed. Finally we give an assessment of impacts of the different directions of implementation of the Gas Directive, thereby focusing on structural changes of the gas industry and the scope for reduction of consumer gas prices. Note that our assessment of the impacts is partly based on an analysis of recent trends in the EU gas market and partly on calculations with a recently developed model of the EU gas market on company level. The paper summarises the main observations of a study conducted by ECN last year in the framework of a larger scenario study for the EC, DG17, in the Shared Analysis Project, Economic Foundations for Energy Policy in Europe to 2020 managed by FhG-ISI. For the complete results of the ECN study, see report Impacts of Market Liberalisation on the EU Gas Industry, September 1999, forthcoming. Note that the analysis is limited to the gas market and does not include other impacts, i.e. on energy conservation, emissions, etc. Acknowledgement

F. Van Oostvoorn; M. G. Boots Abstract

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Market Regional Residential Heating Oil Prices Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices Crude Oil Price Cycles Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices.(Prices through March 3, 2000) Low...

308

Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Introduction of the Enrichment Services Component of DOE Low Enriched Introduction of the Enrichment Services Component of DOE Low Enriched Uranium Inventory During Calendar Year 2013 Quantification of the Potential Impact on Commercial Markets of Introduction of the Enrichment Services Component of DOE Low Enriched Uranium Inventory During Calendar Year 2013 This report presents the results of a business analysis performed by Energy Resources International, Inc. (ERI) of the potential impact on the commercial enrichment market of the transfer of the enrichment services component (Separative Work Units or SWU) contained in DOE low enriched uranium (LEU) inventory during 2013. Under this transaction, 299,000 kg SWU would be introduced into the commercial market, but no transfer of natural uranium to the commercial market would take place.

309

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Jersey and Maryland (PJM) electricity market. Consistentelectricity market known as PJM by constructing a simulationWe apply the model to the PJM electricity market, which

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

The Impact of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response Programs on the U.S. Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study analyzes the impact of the energy efficiency (EE) and demand response (DR) programs on the grid and the consequent level of production. Changes in demand caused by EE and DR programs affect not only the dispatch of existing plants and new generation technologies, the retirements of old plants, and the finances of the market. To find the new equilibrium in the market, we use the Oak Ridge Competitive Electricity Dispatch Model (ORCED) developed to simulate the operations and costs of regional power markets depending on various factors including fuel prices, initial mix of generation capacity, and customer response to electricity prices. In ORCED, over 19,000 plant units in the nation are aggregated into up to 200 plant groups per region. Then, ORCED dispatches the power plant groups in each region to meet the electricity demands for a given year up to 2035. In our analysis, we show various demand, supply, and dispatch patterns affected by EE and DR programs across regions.

Baek, Young Sun [ORNL; Hadley, Stanton W [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Economic analysis: impact of CS/R process on benzene market  

SciTech Connect

Contract No. DE-AC01-78ET10159 (formerly ET-78-C-01-3117) between UOP/SDC and the United States Department of Energy (DOE) requires UOP/SDC to provide specific engineering and technical services to the DOE Office of Coal Processing in support of the Coal Gasification Program. This report covers an economic study on the projected price of benzene through the next decade based on the market factors and production costs. The impact of the CS/R process on the benzene market was evaluated. In addition, the cost of gas from the CS/R process was determined as a function of the byproduct credit for benzene.

Spielberger, L.; Klein, J.

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Three Papers on the Effects of Competition in Engery Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis comprises three papers examining the impact of competitive pricing or competition on participants in energy markets. The scope of each paper is narrow (more)

Choi, Wai Hong

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The Impact of Transmission Pricing in Network Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. As transmission constraints 1For a description of the regional electricity markets in the U.S. compare, e.g., http://www.ferc.gov/. 2Compare, e.g., Ofgem (2010) and Redpoint Energy (2011) for the British discussion, Frontier (2011) for the discussion in Germany...

Ruderer, Dominic

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

314

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Laboratory Canadian Energy Research Institute U.S.Administration Energy Markets All U.S. energy marketsAll Canadian and U.S. energy markets All U.S. energy markets

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper evaluates the accuracy of two methods to forecast natural gas prices: using the Energy Information Administration's ''Annual Energy Outlook'' forecasted price (AEO) and the ''Henry Hub'' compared to U.S. Wellhead futures price. A statistical analysis is performed to determine the relative accuracy of the two measures in the recent past. A statistical analysis suggests that the Henry Hub futures price provides a more accurate average forecast of natural gas prices than the AEO. For example, the Henry Hub futures price underestimated the natural gas price by 35 cents per thousand cubic feet (11.5 percent) between 1996 and 2003 and the AEO underestimated by 71 cents per thousand cubic feet (23.4 percent). Upon closer inspection, a liner regression analysis reveals that two distinct time periods exist, the period between 1996 to 1999 and the period between 2000 to 2003. For the time period between 1996 to 1999, AEO showed a weak negative correlation (R-square = 0.19) between forecast price by actual U.S. Wellhead natural gas price versus the Henry Hub with a weak positive correlation (R-square = 0.20) between forecasted price and U.S. Wellhead natural gas price. During the time period between 2000 to 2003, AEO shows a moderate positive correlation (R-square = 0.37) between forecasted natural gas price and U.S. Wellhead natural gas price versus the Henry Hub that show a moderate positive correlation (R-square = 0.36) between forecast price and U.S. Wellhead natural gas price. These results suggest that agencies forecasting natural gas prices should consider incorporating the Henry Hub natural gas futures price into their forecasting models along with the AEO forecast. Our analysis is very preliminary and is based on a very small data set. Naturally the results of the analysis may change, as more data is made available.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

316

Integrating Small Scale Distributed Generation into a Deregulated Market: Control Strategies and Price Feedback  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Small scale power generating technologies, such as gas turbines, small hydro turbines, photovoltaics, wind turbines and fuel cells, are gradually replacing conventional generating technologies, for various applications, in the electric power system. The industry restructuring process in the United States is exposing the power sector to market forces, which is creating competitive structures for generation and alternative regulatory structures for the transmission and distribution systems. The potentially conflicting economic and technical demands of the new, independent generators introduce a set of significant uncertainties. What balance between market forces and centralized control will be found to coordinate distribution system operations? How will the siting of numerous small scale generators in distribution feeders impact the technical operations and control of the distribution system? Who will provide ancillary services (such as voltage support and spinning reserves) in the new competitive environment? This project investigates both the engineering and market integration of distributed generators into the distribution system. On the technical side, this project investigates the frequency performance of a distribution system that has multiple small scale generators. Using IEEE sample distribution systems and new dynamic generator models, this project develops general methods for

Judith Cardell; Marija Ili?; Richard D. Tabors

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Spot Distillate & Crude Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail distillate prices follow the spot distillate markets, and crude oil prices have been the main driver behind distillate spot price increases until recently.

318

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the accuracy of two methods to forecast natural gas prices:forecasting models along with the AEO forecast. Appendix ATable 1. Forecast Year AEO Predicted Price from 1996-2003

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Marketing Order Impact on the Organic Sector: Almonds, Kiwifruit and Winter Pears  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

winter pear marketing order does not require adherence to79 marketing year. The order does require federal inspectionkiwifruit order is not impacted because it does not include

Carman, Hoy F.; Klonsky, Karen; Beaujard, Armelle; Rodriguez, Ana Maria

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Pricing and Smart Grid. Lawrence Berkeley Nationaland Technology's (NIST) Smart Grid Standards developmentcertification program. The Smart Grid Architectural Council

Kim, Joyce Jihyun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Potential impact of consumer choice on cogenerator's short-run price and output decisions  

SciTech Connect

Conditions were derived under which optimal price-output combinations can be determined for a profit-maximizing cogenerator faced with a demand constraint for useful energy. Four cases were considered. In two cases, all energy produced was sold to the end-use market and, in the other two, some electricity was sold to the grid. The effects of price regulation on energy output were also covered. In the short-run, in all four cases, whether or not the necessary conditions for Pareto optimality are satisfied is problematic. If the cogenerator monopolizes alternative supplies of energy, price regulation will not necessarily reduce energy expenditures. The short-term effects of constrained energy demand can only be determined with a knowledge of the cost and demand functions of thermal energy and electricity.

Poyer, D.A.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Towards understanding the impacts of congestion pricing on urban trucking  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding policy impacts on freight is essential for planners who have overlooked this transport group in the past and must evaluate new congestion alleviation policies with respect to regional economic and social ...

Waliszewski, Janine M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Geothermal Brief: Market and Policy Impacts Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility-scale geothermal electricity generation plants have generally taken advantage of various government initiatives designed to stimulate private investment. This report investigates these initiatives to evaluate their impact on the associated cost of energy and the development of geothermal electric generating capacity using conventional hydrothermal technologies. We use the Cost of Renewable Energy Spreadsheet Tool (CREST) to analyze the effects of tax incentives on project economics. Incentives include the production tax credit, U.S. Department of Treasury cash grant, the investment tax credit, and accelerated depreciation schedules. The second half of the report discusses the impact of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Loan Guarantee Program on geothermal electric project deployment and possible reasons for a lack of guarantees for geothermal projects. For comparison, we examine the effectiveness of the 1970s DOE drilling support programs, including the original loan guarantee and industry-coupled cost share programs.

Speer, B.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Auction Basics for Wholesale Power Markets:Auction Basics for Wholesale Power Markets: Objectives and Pricing RulesObjectives and Pricing Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" "maximum willingness to pay" is also called a "(buyer) reservation value." #12;8 Buyer 2 Demand Bid: P (Inverse) Demand Function:Total System (Inverse) Demand Function: P=D(Q)P=D(Q) P 0 90 10 30 50 70 Maximum OutlinePresentation Outline Introduction Double auction basics for power markets Supply, demand, & market

Tesfatsion, Leigh

325

HOUSES!an independent view of the property market Prices Affordability Lending Activity Supply The Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

recent European house price trends: An absence of continental drift? School of Architecture, Design and the Built Environment #12;Contents 03 Editorial ­ Dean Garratt Comparing recent European house price trends and editorial focus is: ·European House Price Trends ·Economic Growth We'll also cover national

Evans, Paul

326

EPA and RFS2: Market Impacts of Biofuel Mandate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

July 2012 EPA and RFS2: Market Impacts of Biofuel Mandate Waiver Options The EPA is required by law to implement biofuel use mandates and it has proposed to waive the cellulosic biofuels other than cellulosic biofuels. If other mandates are decreased, then that imperative to replace

Noble, James S.

327

www.analysisgroup.com Uniform-Pricing versus Pay-as-Bid in Wholesale Electricity Markets: Does it Make a Difference? 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity prices have been rising. Over the last decade, average electricity prices in the U.S. have increased by one-third. 2 These price increases coincide with policy changes in many parts of the country that introduced greater reliance on market forces into the electric industry. Although todays electricity prices are still relatively low in historical terms (about two-thirds of their 1980s levels when adjusted for inflation 3) and rising electricity prices have been largely the result of movements in global markets for fossil fuels, these price increases have nonetheless placed pressure on policy makers in a number of recently restructured electricity markets to question whether power prices have increased due to the design of competitive markets. Some observers have begun to push for redesign of market rules or even a return to elements of traditional cost-of-service regulation in the electric industry. 4 Among the proposed reforms are changes to the design of auction processes used in various wholesale electricity markets. These auctions involve offers to supply power, and, potentially, bids to buy power. The auction determines the identity of the winners

Susan F. Tierney, Ph.D.; Todd Schatzki Ph. D; Rana Mukerji; Susan Tierney, Ph.D.; Todd Schatzki, Ph.D.; Rana Mukerji

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Electricity price forecasting in a grid environment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Accurate electricity price forecasting is critical to market participants in wholesale electricity markets. Market participants rely on price forecasts to decide their bidding strategies, allocate (more)

Li, Guang, 1974-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Serious energy supply disruptions and recent hikes in energy prices are impacting the entire  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585-0121 #12;Serious energy supply disruptions and recent hikes in energy prices are impacting the entire United States, including the nation's industries. Save Energy Now can help your manufacturing facility reduce

de la Torre, José R.

330

Impact of Eliminating Biofuels Production on US Gasoline Prices: An Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Impact of Eliminating Biofuels Production on US Gasoline Prices: An Equilibrium Analysis Joshua to encourage biofuel production. Recent demands for reduced federal spending have increased scrutiny are employed in the US to encourage biofuel production and consumption. The Energy Independence and Security

331

Time series analysis of the lead-lag relationship of freight futures and spot market prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis analyzes the relationship between the physical and paper shipping markets. The main objective is to find if one market leads the other by a specific time period so that market players can take advantage from ...

Gavriilidis, Nikolaos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

The Effect of Price Information in e-Market on Consumers Intentions to Join Group Buying.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Usually, consumers will collect market information about the product before they decide to buy it or not. In other words, the market information is a (more)

Yang, Chen-Yuan

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and imports U.S. electricity and gas markets includingrepresentation of electricity and natural gas markets,initially to conduct electricity restructuring analysis in

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Information, Alternative Markets, and Security Price Processes: A Survey of Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we survey a wide range of theoretical and empirical papers on derivatives markets to address the information contents of trading activities in derivatives markets. Both theoretical and empirical research on options market and futures market indicate that the presence of alternative markets may be a factor for informed traders presence in one of or in both markets to trade on their information. One group of researchers support the hypothesis that information reflects in derivatives market first and underlying stock market lags in information transmission. Another group of researchers support the hypothesis that information reflects in stock markets first and trading activities in derivatives markets are not significant. Since researchers are not in agreement in this issue, it raises a potential for further research on different activities of derivatives market.

Rafiqul Bhuyan

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Evaluating the potential impact of transmission constraints on the operation of a competitive electricity market in Illinois.  

SciTech Connect

Despite the current adequacy of the generation and transmission system in Illinois, there is concern that the uncertainties of electricity restructuring warrant a more detailed analysis to determine if there might be pitfalls that have not been identified under current conditions. The problems experienced elsewhere in the country emphasize the need for an evaluation of how Illinois might fare under a restructured electricity market. The Illinois Commerce Commission (ICC) commissioned this study to be undertaken as a joint effort by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Argonne National Laboratory to evaluate the Illinois situation in the 2007 period when restructuring is scheduled to be fully implemented in the State. The purpose of this study is to make an initial determination if the transmission system in Illinois and the surrounding region would be able to support a competitive electricity market, would allow for effective competition to keep prices in check, and would allow for new market participants to effectively compete for market share. The study seeks to identify conditions that could reasonably be expected to occur that would enable a company to exercise market power in one or more portions of the State and thereby create undue pressure on the prices charged to customers and/or inhibit new market participants from entering the market. The term 'market power' has many different definitions, and there is no universal agreement on how to measure it. For the purposes of this study, the term is defined as the ability to raise prices and increase profitability by unilateral action. A more complete definition is provided later. With this definition, the central question of this analysis becomes: 'Can a company, acting on its own, raise electricity prices and increase its profits?' It should be noted that the intent of the study is not to predict whether or not such market power would be exercised by any company. Rather, it is designed to determine if a set of reasonably expected conditions could allow any company to do so. It should also be emphasized that this study is not intended to be a comprehensive evaluation of the electric power system in the State. Rather, it is intended to identify some issues that may impact the effective functioning of a competitive market.

Cirillo, R.; Thimmapuram, P.; Veselka, T.; Koritarov, V.; Conzelmann, G.; Macal, C.; Boyd, G.; North, M.; Overbye, T.; Cheng, X.; Decision and Information Sciences; Univ. of Illinois

2006-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

336

Beyond the Hype of Frictionless Markets: Evidence of Heterogeneity in Price Rigidity on the Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We explore daily patterns of Internet pricing for the two major retailers, Amazon.com and Barnes and Noble (BN), using data on 377 books collected over a 449-day period in 2003-4. We frame this investigation in terms of a key question: How rigid are ... Keywords: Bookselling, E-Commerce, Economic Analysis, Empirical Regularities, Empirical Research, Internet Retailing, Price Rigidity, Strategic Pricing

Mark E. Bergen; Robert J. Kauffman; Dongwon Lee

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Effects of futures market manipulation on crude oil prices: An empirical examination.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Crude oil prices moved irregularly in the period leading to the financial meltdown in the beginning of 2008. This research paper deals with the explaining (more)

Elhelou, Rami

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Customer Strategies for Responding to Day-Ahead Market Hourly Electricity Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

facilities that receive electricity service from Niagaraperiods is your facilitys electricity use highest? ( CHECKthe next days hourly electricity prices? ( CHECK ONLY ONE )

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Price discovery and information linkages in the emission allowance and energy markets .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??We provide the first evidence on the catalysts for price discovery in the European Union Emissions Trading System. Short-run return dynamics are analysed using a (more)

Swieringa, John Edward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Optimal Spot Market Inventory Strategies in the Presence of Cost and Price Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1966. A Continous Time Inventory Model. Jounal of Applied4] Berling, P. Holding Inventory with Stochastically Mean-6] Chaouc, B . 2006. Inventory Control and Periodic Price

Guo, Xin; Kaminsky, Philip; Tomecek, Pascal; Yuen, M.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-term Contracts and Imperfectly Competitive Spot Markets: A Study of UK Eletricity Industry, Memorandum no. 14

Oren, Shmuel S.

344

Cournot Equilibrium in Price-capped Two-Settlement Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competitive Spot Markets: A Study of UK Eletricity Industry, Memorandum no. 14, Department of Economics

345

Is Real-Time Pricing Green?: The Environmental Impacts of Electricity Demand Variance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for responding to real-time prices. 3 Recently someof RTP. the higher real-time price, each would use lessretail price, p . For real-time prices below the ?at price,

Holland, Stephen P.; Mansur, Erin T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

A SURVEY OF COMMODITY MARKETS AND STRUCTURAL MODELS FOR ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the methods which have been proposed to handle them in spot and forward price models. We devote special sources, the main production process remains the conversion of fossil fuels like coal, gas and oil. Since and nuclear production as these plants are hardly ever setting the price. In other words, since electricity

Carmona, Rene

347

Deregulating Residential Electricity Markets: What's on Offer? Catherine Waddams Price1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

incentives such as time-varying electricity tariff (e.g. spot pricing [1]), or CO2 footprint. Electricity tariff (spot price) for New York City on February 15th, 2011. Data taken from NYISO. The web-varying electricity tariff in the management of the power grid, especially in the reduction of peak power con

Feigon, Brooke

348

Another Bull Market Consolidation or Have Oil Prices Headed South for the Winter?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation was given at the New York Energy Forum on September 5, 2006. It explores the reasons behind rising oil prices over the last few years and discusses whether the drop in oil prices seen in late August and early September 2005 is the start of a long-running trend or is only a temporary decline.

Information Center

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

349

3 MICROSIMULATING AUTOMOBILE MARKETS: 4 EVOLUTION OF VEHICLE HOLDINGS AND VEHICLE-PRICING DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This work combines an auction-style 33 microsimulation of vehicle prices and random-utility vehicles and the infrastructure they use, directly and peripherally. To understand and anticipate 46 travel to vehicle aging. This paper60 makes explicit the role of user preferences in vehicle price fluctuations

Kockelman, Kara M.

350

Sentiment proxies: computing market volatility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Macroeconomic announcements can have an influential effect on the price, and related volatility, of an object traded in financial markets. Modeling the impact of a relevant announcement on a specific commodity is of interest in building financial models ...

Stephen Kelly; Khurshid Ahmad

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals March 2006 Energy Information Administration Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Service Reports are prepared by the Energy Information Administration upon special request and are based on assumptions specified by the requester. Energy Information Administration / Energy Market Impacts of Alternative Greenhouse Gas Intensity Reduction Goals

352

An economic assessment of the impact of two crude oil price scenarios on households  

SciTech Connect

The impact of two possible future crude oil price scenarios -- high and low price cases -- is assessed for three population groups: majority (non-Hispanic and nonblack), black, and Hispanic. The two price scenarios were taken from the energy security'' report published by the US Department of Energy in 1987. Effects of the two crude oil price scenarios for the 1986--95 period are measured for energy demand and composition and for share of income spent on energy by the three population groups at both the national and census-region levels. The effects on blacks are marginally more adverse than on majority householders, while effects on Hispanics are about the same as those on the majority. Little change is seen in percentage of income spent on energy over the forecast period. Both Hispanic and black households would spend a larger share of their incomes on energy than would majority households. The relatively adverse effects in the higher price scenario shift from the South and West Census regions to the Northeast and Midwest. 24 refs., 7 figs., 22 tabs.

Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S.; Hemphill, R.C.; Hill, L.G.; Marinelli, J.L.; Rose, K.J.; Santini, D.J.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Market and STEO Error Forecast Error from 1998 to 2003 (2 Futures Market and STEO Error Forecast Error from 1998to 2003 (Months 13- Forecast from 1998 to 2003 (Months 1-12)

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

The effect of falling market concentration on prices, generator behaviour and productive efficiency in the England and Wales electricity market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A universal prediction of the various oligopoly models used to predict and explain behaviour in the England and Wales (E&W) electricity wholesale market is that divestiture of plants by the two large incumbent generators ...

Sweeting, Andrew

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The Distributional and Environmental Effects of Time-Varying Prices in Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Source: EPAs CEMS. Electricity Load Distribution 2.0e-04 NoLoad Figure 2a: Electricity load distribution (in MWh) withreal-time pricing Electricity Load Distribution 2.0e-04 All

Holland, Stephen P.; MANSUR, ERIN T

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in delivered natural gas prices. References American CouncilACEEE). 2003. Natural Gas Price Effects of Energy Efficiencydownward pressure on gas prices. 2 Many recent modeling

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

The potential impact of renewable energy deployment on natural gas prices in New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Deployment on Natural Gas Prices in New England Datecan directly hedge natural gas price risk by reducing thedownward pressure on natural gas prices by reducing demand

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Increased deployment of renewable energy (RE) and energy efficiency (EE) is expected to reduce natural gas demand and in turn place downward pressure on gas prices. A number of recent modeling studies include an evaluation of this effect. Based on data compiled from those studies summarized in this paper, each 1% reduction in national natural gas demand appears likely to lead to a long-term average wellhead gas price reduction of 0.75% to 2.5%, with some studies predicting even more sizable reductions. Reductions in wellhead prices will reduce wholesale and retail electricity rates, and will also reduce residential, commercial, and industrial gas bills. We further find that many of these studies appear to represent the potential impact of RE and EE on natural gas prices within the bounds of current knowledge, but that current knowledge of how to estimate this effect is extremely limited. While more research is therefore needed, existing studies suggest that it is not unreasonable to expect that any increase in consumer electricity costs attributable to RE and/or EE deployment may be substantially offset by the corresponding reduction in delivered natural gas prices. This effect represents a wealth transfer (from natural gas producers to consumers) rather than a net gain in social welfare, and is therefore not a standard motivation for policy intervention on economic grounds. Reducing gas prices and thereby redistributing wealth may still be of importance in policy circles, however, and may be viewed in those circles as a positive ancillary effect of RE and EE deployment.

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

359

ERI-2142 07-1001 DOE - Potential Market Impact CY2011,12,13 December...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Background on Nuclear Fuel Supply Markets 4 2.1. Uranium Concentrates 4 2.1.1. Uranium Market Price Activity 4 2.1.2. Uranium Requirements 6 2.1.3. Uranium Supply 6 2.1.4. Adequacy...

360

How many people actually see the price signal? Quantifying market failures in the end use of energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

investment, behaviour, energy price, consumers Abstract suggest that raising energy pricessuch as in the form ofconsumers actually see energy prices and are therefore

Meier, Alan; Eide, Anita

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

U.S. Residential Heating Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: One of the first places where consumers are feeling the impact of this winter’s market pressures is in home heating oil prices. This chart shows prices for the last four winters, with this year’s prices shown through January 24, the most recent EIA data available. The general level of heating oil prices each year is largely a function of crude oil prices, and the price range over the course of the heating season is typically about 10 cents per gallon. Exceptions occur in unusual circumstances, such as very cold weather, large changes in crude oil prices, or supply problems. Although heating oil prices for consumers started this winter at similar levels to those in 1997, they already rose nearly 20 cents per gallon through mid-January. With the continuing upward pressure from crude

362

Properties of energy-price forecasts for scheduling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wholesale electricity markets are becoming ubiquitous, offering consumers access to competitively-priced energy. The cost of energy is often correlated with its environmental impact; for example, environmentally sustainable forms of energy might benefit ...

Georgiana Ifrim; Barry O'Sullivan; Helmut Simonis

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

The potential impact of renewable energy deployment on natural gas prices in New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hub price (2002$/MMBtu) EERE: New England hub price (2002$/Northeast/PJM States (Bcf) EERE: Consumption all Northeast/

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information about natural gas supply and demand. As amarket Calibrating natural gas supply and demand conditionsnation-wide natural gas market, equalizing supply with

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coal supply. The natural gas supply covers six categories:renewables, oil supply, natural gas supply, natural gasnation-wide natural gas market, equalizing supply with

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced Metering, and Demand Response in Electricity2006. Benefits of Demand Response in Electricity Markets and2010. Open Automated Demand Response Technologies for

Kim, Joyce Jihyun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

about natural gas supply and demand. As a result, someCalibrating natural gas supply and demand conditions withelectricity and natural gas markets, demand-side management

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Determining the effects on residential electricity prices and carbon emissions of electricity market restructuring in Alberta.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??When electricity restructuring initiatives were introduced in Alberta, and finalized with the institution of retail electricity market competition in 2001, it was argued that the (more)

Jahangir, Junaid Bin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Entry into the Swedish Wholesale Electricity Market and the Electricity Price.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The aim of this paper is to analyze the strategic behavior of the leading firms on the Swedish wholesale electricity market. This thesis wishes (more)

Bhatia, Martina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS OF GREEN CAUSE-RELATED MARKETING (CRM) PRICE FAIRNESS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many firms employ Cause-Related Marketing (CRM) strategies that link product sales to the support of a charity to generate positive brand images. The global objective (more)

Kim, Eun Kyoo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Optimal spot market inventory strategies in the presence of cost and price risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimal spot market inventory strategies in the presence ofeither increase or decrease inventory by buying or sellingof actively managing inventory during the period rather than

Guo, X.; Kaminsky, P.; Tomecek, P.; Yuen, M.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

On martingale measures and pricing for continuous bond-stock market with stochastic bond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper studies pricing of stock options for the case when the evolution of the risk-free assets or bond is stochastic. We show that, in the typical scenario, the martingale measure is not unique, that there are non-replicable claims, and that the martingale prices can vary significantly; for instance, for a European put option, any positive real number is a martingale price for some martingale measure. In addition, the second moment of the hedging error for a strategy calculated via a given martingale measure can take any arbitrary positive value under some equivalent measure. Some reasonable choices of martingale measures are suggested, including a measure that ensures local risk minimizing hedging strategy.

Dokuchaev, Nikolai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Details Details... The Impact of Market Rules on Emerging "Green" Energy Markets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1812 1812 Details, Details . . . The Impact of Market Rules on Emerging "Green" Energy Markets Ryan Wiser, Steven Pickle, and Joseph Eto Environmental Energy Technologies Division September 1998 The work described in this study was funded by the Assistant Secretary of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Utility Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC03-76SF00098. For the sake of this paper, green power is defined as electricity that is differentiated based on its environmental attributes. 1 As a practical matter, nearly all such green power products include renewable energy. To the extent that customer purchases of green power offset conventional power supply, net environmental gains can be expected. 1 ABSTRACT

374

Impact of Public Market Information System (PMIS) on Farmers Food Marketing Decisions: Case of Benin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C.B. (2008). Smallholder market participation: Concepts andBehavior with Missing Markets: Some Paradoxes Explained.at the Farmgate or Travelling to Market. American Journal of

Kpenavoun Chogou, Sylvain; Gandonou, Esaie

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Spoilt for Choice? The Costs and Benefits of Opening UK Residential Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residential Energy Markets Catherine Waddams Price, CentreResidential Energy Markets Catherine Waddams Price * Centre

Waddams Price, Catherine

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

An overview of alternative fossil fuel price and carbon regulation scenarios  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reaction of energy markets to higher fuel prices. Combinedreaction of energy markets to higher fuel prices. Other Highin spot market prices (note California Energy Commission.

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Modeling and simulation of consumer response to dynamic pricing.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Assessing the impacts of dynamic-pricing under the smart grid concept is becoming extremely important for deciding its full deployment. In this paper, we develop a model that represents the response of consumers to dynamic pricing. In the model, consumers use forecasted day-ahead prices to shift daily energy consumption from hours when the price is expected to be high to hours when the price is expected to be low while maintaining the total energy consumption as unchanged. We integrate the consumer response model into the Electricity Market Complex Adaptive System (EMCAS). EMCAS is an agent-based model that simulates restructured electricity markets. We explore the impacts of dynamic-pricing on price spikes, peak demand, consumer energy bills, power supplier profits, and congestion costs. A simulation of an 11-node test network that includes eight generation companies and five aggregated consumers is performed for a period of 1 month. In addition, we simulate the Korean power system.

Valenzuela, J.; Thimmapuram, P.; Kim, J (Decision and Information Sciences); (Auburn Univ.)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Yes prices per square foot indicating that the cost effectper square foot and more variance in precipitation has a statistically significant positive effect on operating costsper square foot of office buildings that sold in arm-length-transactions between 2001 and 2010 on energy costs,

Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

CPI anticipates price benefits in an open electricity market - but utilities `will erect roadblocks`  

SciTech Connect

Chemical manufacturers and industrial gas firms welcome the coming deregulation of electricity because the change offers them competitive choice in power supplies. They anticipate price benefits like those that have flowed from natural gas deregulation, which feed from manufacturers to bypass local utilities and shop for their own fuel supplies.

Pospisil, R.

1994-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

380

An Analysis of Government Policy Impacts in the Ethanol and Sugar Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??ABSTRACT This study determines the impact of U.S. government policies on U.S. ethanol market and its consequences for the U.S. corn, sugar, and HFCS markets. (more)

Marzoughi_Ardakani, Hassan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Impacts of time-of-day on average electricity prices and utility load factors  

SciTech Connect

A degree of rationalism is brought to the rate debate between marginalist time of day advocates and embedded cost traditionalists by an empirical analysis. Studies show that neither side can claim victory. The results show that blanket statements cannot be made concerning the impacts of TOD in demand and load factor, and that rates reduce only slightly. This paper summarizes the impacts of marginal cost TOD rates on peak demand, generation, load factor, and the average price of electricity. The methodology includes calculation of marginal cost, prediction of effect of TOD on load shapes by means of a Load Curve Forecasting model, and a production costing model. A matrix shows that impacts of TOD rates on individual utilities will depend on the specific utility customer mix, load shape, and generation mix.

Chamberlin, J.H.; Dickson, C.T.; Spann, R.M.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than the RTP energy price, volatile market prices provide noof the market price for financially firm energy (quoted aof energy that could be purchased at market prices that were

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2003). Balancing Natural Gas Policy - Fueling the Demands ofThis lead to the Natural Gas Policy Act (NGPA) in 1978 whichnatural gas markets, demand-side management programs, development of renewable sources, and environmental policies.

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 1.1 History of Natural Gaspdf/table13.pdf> History of Natural Gas Regulation TheUnderstanding the history of the natural gas market helps to

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Video market data for calves and yearlings confirms price discounts for Western cattle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RESEARCH Article t Video market data for calves andWe used 11 years of data from video auction sales across thesales information from video auctions because they operate

Blank, Steven; Forero, Larry C.; Nader, Glenn A.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Demand Response in Electricity Markets." University ofRates and Tariffs /Schedule for Electricity Service, P.S.C.no. 10- Electricity/Rules 24 (Riders)/Leaf No. 177-327."

Kim, Joyce Jihyun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Natural Gas Prices Forecast Comparison--AEO vs. Natural Gas Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is on the rise, natural gas demand is expected to grow 2.4%has resulted in higher natural gas demand and volatility andelectricity and natural gas markets, demand-side management

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Lekov, Alex; Dale, Larry

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Comparing Price Forecast Accuracy of Natural Gas Models and Futures Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Update on Petroleum, Natural Gas, Heating Oil and Gasoline.of the Market for Natural Gas Futures. Energy Journal 16 (Modeling Forum. 2003. Natural Gas, Fuel Diversity and North

Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; Dale, Larry; Lekov, Alex

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Distributional and socioeconomic impacts of electricity price increases on the Puerto Rican population. Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this study is to analyze the socio-economic impacts of changes in energy prices and availability upon the low income minorities in Puerto Rico. This volume presents both the theoretical and empirical aspect of this research. Chapter two includes a review of the literature on the demand for electricity. Chapter three analyzes the present electricity rate structure and its implications on equity and energy conservation. In chapter four data available from the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority is used to analyze the concentration of electricity consumption and, to estimate several models of demand functions fitted to be estimated with time-series data. Chapter five describes the household survey undertaken to get information on residential electricity consumption in Puerto Rico. The information obtained was used in chapter six to analyze several aspects of electric energy consumption in Puerto Rico. Among these: the price-consumption relationship, the income-consumption relationship, energy conservation patterns, subsidy impact on conservation, and equity considerations on the electricity consumption subsidy. These issues were examined using cross tabulation and regression analysis techniques. Finally, chapter nine (9) develops a simulation model to analyze the impact of different policy alternatives on electricity rate structures. 7 figures, 43 tables.

Rodriguez, E.; Ocasio, W.; Torres, S.; Zalacain, F.; Lugo, S.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Price Determination of Electricity in a Competitive Environment: Reaching Profitable Electricity Customers with Market Power  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report studies and develops techniques for profitable generation company operation in the competitive /deregulated environment. Specifically it investigates how market power can be used to reach the high-profit segment of the customer-base. The first part of the report is primarily concerned with methods and theory. The competitive market framework assumed for this research is presented. The basic auctions used, and the optimization techniques used to implement them, are explained. Extensions to the...

2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

391

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? - FAQ - U ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? EIA publishes various coal prices including futures prices, mine prices, captive and open market sales prices ...

392

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? - FAQ - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What are the different coal prices published by EIA? EIA publishes various coal prices including futures prices, mine prices, captive and open market sales prices ...

393

New Delhi http://www.nipfp.org.in Oil Price Shock, Pass-through Policy and its Impact on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper analyses the impact of transmission of international oil prices and domestic oil price pass-through policy on major macroeconomic variables in India with the help of a macroeconomic policy simulation model. Three major channels of transmission viz. import channel, price channel, and fiscal channel are explored with the help of a structural macroeconomic framework. The policy option of deregulation of domestic oil prices in the scenario of occurrence of a one-time shock in international oil prices as well as no oil price shock situation analysed through its impact on growth, inflation, fiscal balances and external balances during the 12 th Plan period of 2012-13 to 2016-17. The simulation results indicate that in the short run the deregulation policy would have adverse impact on the growth as well as on the inflation. But if this policy is complemented with the policy of switching of subsidy bill to capital expenditure it might result in positive growth effects in the medium and long run. Given, the current passthrough policy, one-time oil shock has adverse impact on growth and inflation in the year of shock while it mitigates slowly over time. The model shows that with the oil shock and with current partial pass-through regime, a 10 percent rise in oil prices result in a 0.6 percent fall in growth while in the full pass-through situation, it can reduce the growth by 0.9 percent. Overall, the paper argues that the pass-through has differential impact on growth and inflation over the 12 th Plan period. Hence, the policy of oil price deregulation must be carefully weighed and prioritised.

N R Bhanumurthy; Surajit Das; Sukanya Bose; N R Bhanumurthy; Surajit Das; Sukanya Bose

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Session 3: Impact on U.S. Ancillary Services Markets from Variable Renewable Energy (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

The presentation provides an overview of how increasing penetrations of variable renewable energy on the electricity grid are impacting ancillary services markets in the United States.

Cochran, J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Energy Market and Economic Impacts of S.2191, the Lieberman-Warner ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SR/OIAF/2008-01. Energy Market and Economic Impacts of S. 2191, the Lieberman-Warner Climate Security Act of 2007 . April 2008. Energy Information Administration

396

EIA - Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home > Forecasts & Analysis >Response to Congressionals and Other Requests > Energy market and Economic Impacts of th American Power Act of 2010 > Preface and Contacts

397

Assessing the impacts of carbohydrate information on the market demand of US meats, vegetables, and fruits.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the impacts of low carbohydrate information on the market demand of US meats, vegetables, and fruits. The study further explores the combined (more)

Paudel, Laxmi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

The Impact of Rising Food Prices on Household Welfare in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that these cereal and oil price increases of 28 to 52% wouldthe large increase in oil prices, leaving them with only aprices and 2.2% from the oil price increase. Poor people

de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Eliisabeth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

The potential impact of renewable energy deployment on natural gas prices in New England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Deployment on Natural Gas Prices in New England Datethe price and supply of natural gas have deepened in recentcan directly hedge natural gas price risk by reducing the

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

day-ahead energy market, which publishes hourly prices by 4:energy market, to which customers can refer to estimate real time market prices.energy market provide customers with a more compelling incentive for price

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Transmission Price Risk Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is concerned with the financial risks that arise from the uncertain price of transmission service in restructured or competitive electricity markets. These risks are most severe in markets with locational pricing (LMP), but they also exist in more traditionally organized electricity markets. This report has two main purposes. The first is to review the existing mathematical models of electricity price formation in spot and forward markets that may be helpful as the foundations for developing ...

2006-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

402

Price Impact on the Demand for Water and Energy in California...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords block rate pricing, california, demand, electricity, natural gas, Price elasticity of demand, water Abstract This paper provides a...

403

The impact of ethanol driven corn price on the cow-calf industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??After remaining stable for several decades, corn price has recently had unprecedented price increases and volatility. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) predicts an average (more)

Warner, Marcella M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Customer reponse to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Response to Electricity Real-Time Prices: Short Run and LongElectricity Usage to Real Time Prices A-31 v List ofwere linked to real-time prices, most customers indicated

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Customer reponse to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the monthly electricity bill), (3) the pricing methodof the monthly SC-3A electricity bill (@ X%) Hedge PricePrice @ Cost (as % of electricity bill) Covered Hours: Hedge

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Hedging and Vertical Integration in Electricity Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the interactions between competitive (wholesale) spot, retail, and forward markets and vertical integration in electricity markets. We develop an equilibrium model with producers, retailers, and traders to study and quantify the impact ... Keywords: asset pricing, corporate finance, electric--electronic, financial institutions, industries, markets

Ren Ad; Gilles Chemla; Arnaud Porchet; Nizar Touzi

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Changes in energy markets reduce regional effects of energy price movements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in energy prices are having more equal effects on the residents of different regions than previously as consumption patterns adjust to natural gas deregulation and higher energy costs. Regions with a higher proportion of energy use, such as New England, have dropped their per capita consumption rates and have changed their mix of fuels. The extent of fuel switching becomes more apparent if electricity consumption is apportioned to the fuel used to generate power. Comparisons between the New England, East North Central, and West North Central regions show a decline in oil consumption for each and an increase in electricity use. 2 figures.

Schmidt, R.H.; Dunstan, R.H.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

New America Foundation Working Paper The Price-Induced Energy Trap Exploring the Impacts of Transportation Expenditures on the American Economy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Even though the U.S. economy grows at an anemic rate of perhaps 1.5 percent and 1.9 percent (or less) in this year and next, the world economy is likely to expand by well over 3 percent in that same two-year period. The world demand for oil is expected to increase, concurrently, by about 1.5 percent annually. The most recent projections by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA 2011a) suggest that absent major disruptions the growing demand for energy worldwide will continue to push oil prices up in a slow but steady movement. Absent dramatic changes in U.S. energy policy, consumers are likely to continue to pay high and volatile prices. Despite an anticipated 1.8 percent decline this year in gasoline consumption, for example, the overall expenditures for gasoline will increase 25 percent, rising from $391 billion dollars in 2010 to $489 billion dollars in 2011. Both the size of the U.S. gasoline bill, and its dependence on global events, impact the lives and well-being of individuals, families, and households especially those from the middle and lower income levels. And as consumers incomes, already shrinking in the after-effects of the recession, continue to be absorbed by high fuel costs, gasoline is becoming a drag on the economy. How will U.S. policy makers navigate the future? For decades price has been the focus of policy-makers attention. Policy-byprice has taken three approaches. First, policymakers have tried to keep prices low through subsidies for ethanol and biofuels, increased domestic oil production and an active foreign policy toward oil suppliers, while letting the market (i.e., rising prices),

John A. skip Laitner; For The Energy Policy Initiative

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Forecast Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: Notes: Prices have already recovered from the spike, but are expected to remain elevated over year-ago levels because of the higher crude oil prices. There is a lot of uncertainty in the market as to where crude oil prices will be next winter, but our current forecast has them declining about $2.50 per barrel (6 cents per gallon) from today's levels by next October. U.S. average residential heating oil prices peaked at almost $1.50 as a result of the problems in the Northeast this past winter. The current forecast has them peaking at $1.08 next winter, but we will be revisiting the outlook in more detail next fall and presenting our findings at the annual Winter Fuels Conference. Similarly, diesel prices are also expected to fall. The current outlook projects retail diesel prices dropping about 14 cents per gallon

410

Light-Heavy Price Difference Varies  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Light-Heavy Price Difference Varies ; Function of Crude Market Factors ; Function of Conversion Capacity ; Function of Product Market Factors

411

Gasoline Prices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gasoline Prices Gasoline Price Data Sign showing gasoline prices Local Prices: Find the cheapest gasoline prices in your area. State & Metro Area Prices: Average prices from AAA's...

412

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Energy Market Impacts of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... energy prices in the program cases lead to reduced travel and slightly higher penetration of hybrid and diesel cars. However, the increase ... mix of vehicles ...

413

1 Energy Markets and Policy Group Energy Analysis Department The Impact of Wind Power Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Energy Markets and Policy Group · Energy Analysis Department The Impact of Wind Power Projects, Wind & Hydropower Technologies Program #12;2 Energy Markets and Policy Group · Energy Analysis · Conclusions and Further Research #12;3 Energy Markets and Policy Group · Energy Analysis Department Proximity

414

Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group The Impact of Rate Design and Net  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group The Impact of Rate Design and Net of Energy #12;Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group 2 Project Overview Context alternative compensation mechanisms #12;Energy Analysis Department Electricity Markets and Policy Group 3

415

Use of Incremental Pricing in Coal Supply and Transportation Agreements to Achieve Power Sales: Report Series of Fuel and Power Market Integration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increased power market competition is transforming into increased fuel supply competition. This report examines the role that "incremental pricing" for coal supply and transportation services plays in permitting power generators to achieve greater power sales. Surprisingly, the outlook for using such mechanisms for this purpose is more restricted than one might expect.

1997-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

416

Impacts of Biofuel Production and Navigation Impediments on Agricultural Transportation and Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigated the impacts of U.S. biofuel production and barge navigation impediments on agricultural transportation and markets. Both past and future impacts of U.S. biofuel production levels mandated by the Renewable Fuel Standards of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (RFS1) and the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (RFS2) were examined. Examination of barge navigations impediments included analysis of the impact of lock failure and low water levels on rivers due to drought, on agricultural transportation, and on consumer welfare. All scenarios were simulated using the International Grain Transportation Model, a price endogenous mathematical programming model. The results showed that RFS-associated (RFS1 and RFS2) U.S. corn ethanol production increased the total corn supply and diverted corn from non-ethanol consumption, reduced regional grain transportation volumes, and contributed to a rise in corn prices. The results of the forward-looking scenarios indicated that grain exports and transport volumes were increased. Exports from Gulf ports increased by 41%, while grain movements by rail increased by 60%. Additional investments in the expansion of the grain handling capacities of Gulf ports and the railroad industry are needed in the near future unless a large increase in biofuel production occurs. The results of navigation impediment scenarios indicated that both lock failures and low water levels on rivers adversely affect U.S. grain exports. The Gulf ports were most negatively impacted, relative to Pacific Northwest and Atlantic ports. Truck and barge freight volume declined while rail freight volume increased. Because trucks deliver grain from grain elevators to barge locations, truck volume also decreased in response to the decline in barge volume. The scenarios imposed welfare losses on society with most accruing to consumers, while the barge industry lost $10-154 million in revenue. The low water levels were more expensive than the lock failures. Major rehabilitation of the locks is needed to avoid lock failures and more dredging of the shallow parts of the river system is required because of frequent droughts.

Ahmedov, Zafarbek

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Market penetration of biodiesel and ethanol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation examines the influence that economic and technological factors have on the penetration of biodiesel and ethanol into the transportation fuels market. This dissertation focuses on four aspects. The first involves the influence of fossil fuel prices, because biofuels are substitutes and have to compete in price. The second involves biofuel manufacturing technology, principally the feedstock-to-biofuel conversion rates, and the biofuel manufacturing costs. The third involves prices for greenhouse gas offsets. The fourth involves the agricultural commodity markets for feedstocks, and biofuel byproducts. This dissertation uses the Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model-Greenhouse Gas (FASOM-GHG) to quantitatively examine these issues and calculates equilibrium prices and quantities, given market interactions, fossil fuel prices, carbon dioxide equivalent prices, government biofuel subsidies, technological improvement, and crop yield gains. The results indicate that for the ranges studied, gasoline prices have a major impact on aggregate ethanol production but only at low prices. At higher prices, one runs into a capacity constraint that limits expansion on the capacity of ethanol production. Aggregate biodiesel production is highly responsive to gasoline prices and increases over time. (Diesel fuel price is proportional to the gasoline price). Carbon dioxide equivalent prices expand the biodiesel industry, but have no impact on ethanol aggregate production when gasoline prices are high again because of refinery capacity expansion. Improvement of crop yields shows a similar pattern, expanding ethanol production when the gasoline price is low and expanding biodiesel. Technological improvement, where biorefinery production costs decrease over time, had minimal impact on aggregate ethanol and biodiesel production. Finally, U.S. government subsidies have a large expansionary impact on aggregate biodiesel production, but only expand the ethanol industry at low gasoline prices. All of these factors increase agricultural welfare with most expanding producer surplus and mixed effects on consumers.

Szulczyk, Kenneth Ray

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

What Is Price Volatility  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What Is Price Volatility? What Is Price Volatility? The term "price volatility" is used to describe price fluctuations of a commodity. Volatility is measured by the day-to-day percentage difference in the price of the commodity. The degree of variation, not the level of prices, defines a volatile market. Since price is a function of supply and demand, it follows that volatility is a result of the underlying supply and demand characteristics of the market. Therefore, high levels of volatility reflect extraordinary characteristics of supply and/or demand. Prices of basic energy (natural gas, electricity, heating oil) are generally more volatile than prices of other commodities. One reason that energy prices are so volatile is that many consumers are extremely limited in their ability to substitute other fuels when the price, of natural gas

419

Impacts of Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives on retail electricity rates and utility financial viability  

SciTech Connect

Changes in power contract terms for customers of Western`s Salt Lake City Area Office affect electricity rates for consumers of electric power in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. The impacts of electricity rate changes on consumers are studied by measuring impacts on the rates charged by individual utility systems, determining the average rates in regional areas, and conducting a detailed rate analysis of representative utility systems. The primary focus is an evaluation of the way retail electricity rates for Western`s preference customers vary with alternative pricing and power quantity commitment terms under Western`s long-term contracts to sell power (marketing programs). Retail rate impacts are emphasized because changes in the price of electricity are the most direct economic effect on businesses and residences arising from different Western contractual and operational policies. Retail rates are the mechanism by which changes in cost associated with Western`s contract terms are imposed on ultimate consumers, and rate changes determine the dollar level of payments for electric power incurred by the affected consumers. 41 figs., 9 tabs.

Bodmer, E.; Fisher, R.E.; Hemphill, R.C.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Diagnosing Unilateral Market Power in Electricity Reserves Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sep Figure 6: Energy market clearing prices CALPX $/MW $/MWbelow or above the price of the energy market that they mayreal-time energy) markets were subject to a price cap of $

Knittel, Christopher R; Metaxoglou, Konstantinos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as energy is dispatched only when the market price exceedsof energy sold in the wholesale spot market: The price-energy dispatched through the market and a second higher price

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Using EPECs to model bilevel games in restructured electricity markets with locational prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

different generation costs. This is a weakening of a more typical assumption that generation costs are symmetric, e.g. Green and Newbery (1992), Klemperer and Meyer (1989). Here some generators may be out of the market, unlike Proposition 5. Using symmetric... formulation. Applying PATH to the CP formulation of an EPEC is suggested by the success that some stan- dard NLP methods have had in solving MPECs written as NLPs (like (12)). The sequential quadratic programming method has proven to be especially effective...

Hu, Xinmin; Ralph, Daniel

2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

423

Impacts on irrigated agriculture of changes in electricity costs resulting from Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Irrigation is a major factor in the growth of US agricultural productivity, especially in western states, which account for more than 85% of the nation`s irrigated acreage. In some of these states, almost all cropland is irrigated, and nearly 50% of the irrigation is done with electrically powered pumps. Therefore, even small increases in the cost of electricity could have a disproportionate impact on irrigated agriculture. This technical memorandum examines the impacts that could result from proposed changes in the power marketing programs of the Western Area Power Administration`s Salt Lake City Area Office. The changes could increase the cost of power to all Western customers, including rural municipalities and irrigation districts that rely on inexpensive federal power to pump water. The impacts are assessed by translating changes in Western`s wholesale power rate into changes in the cost of pumping water as an input for agricultural production. Farmers can adapt to higher electricity prices in many ways, such as (1) using different pumping fuels, (2) adding workers and increasing management to irrigate more efficiently, and (3) growing more drought-tolerant crops. This study projects several responses, including using less groundwater and planting fewer waterintensive crops. The study finds that when dependence on Western`s power is high, the cost of power can have a major effect on energy use, agricultural practices, and the distribution of planted acreage. The biggest percentage changes in farm income would occur (1) in Nevada and Utah (however, all projected changes are less than 2% of the baseline) and (2) under the marketing alternatives that represent the lowest capacity and energy offer considered in Western`s Electric Power Marketing Environmental Impact Statement. The aggregate impact on farm incomes and the value of total farm production would be much smaller than that suggested by the changes in water use and planted acreage.

Edwards, B.K.; Flaim, S.J.; Howitt, R.E. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Palmer, S.C. [Western Area Power Administration, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

How many people actually see the price signal? Quantifying market failures in the end use of energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991) The Issue of Domestic Energy Market Failure. Canberra,information in energy service markets leading to problemsis a goal of many market-oriented energy policies. However,

Meier, Alan; Eide, Anita

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

The Strategic Impact of Changing Energy Markets on the Aluminium ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 18, 2010 ... What is going on in global energy markets? ? What does this mean ... The global energy markets have exhibited considerable volatility over the past .... CRU Analysis. Principal ... CRU contacts for further information or follow up:

426

Simulating Price Responsive Distributed Resources  

SciTech Connect

Distributed energy resources (DER) include distributed generation, storage, and responsive demand. The integration of DER into the power system control framework is part of the evolutinary advances that allow these resources to actively particpate in the energy balance equation. Price can provide a powerful signal for independent decision-making in distributed control strategies. To study the impact of price responsive DER on the electric power system requires generation and load models that can capture the dynamic coupling between the energy market and the physical operation of the power system in appropriate time frames. This paper presents modeling approaches for simulating electricity market price responsive DER, and introduces a statistical mechanics approach to modeling the aggregated response of a transformed electric system of pervasive, transacting DER.

Lu, Ning; Chassin, David P.; Widergren, Steven E.

2004-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

PRICE SPECULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The price of crude oil in the U.S. had never exceeded $40 per barrel until mid-2004. By 2006 it reached $70 per barrel, and in July 2008 it reached a peak of $145. By the end of 2008 it had plummeted to about $30 before increasing again, reaching about $110 in 2011. Are speculators to blame for at least part of the volatility and sharp run-ups in price? We clarify the potential and actual effects of speculators, and investors in general, on commodity prices. We focus on crude oil, but our approach can be applied to other commodities. We first address the question of what is meant by oil price speculation, and how it relates to investments in oil reserves, oil inventories, or oil price derivatives (such as futures contracts). Next we outline the ways in which one could speculate on oil prices. Finally, we turn to the data, and calculate counterfactual prices that would have occurred from 1999 to 2012 in the absence of speculation. Our framework is based on a simple and transparent model of supply and demand in the cash and storage markets for a commodity. It lets us determine whether speculation as the driver of price changes is consistent with the data on production, consumption, inventory changes, and changes in convenience yields given reasonable elasticity assumptions. We show speculation had little, if any, effect on prices and volatility.

Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck; Christopher R. Knittel; Robert S. Pindyck

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Transportation Market Distortions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transport Prices and Markets, Victoria Transport PolicySurvey: Survey Suggests Market-Based Vision of Smart Growth,G. 1996. Roads in a Market Economy, Avebury (Aldershot).

Litman, Todd

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

EIA Report 9/10/08 - Hurricane Impacts on U.S. Oil & Natural...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0, 4:00 pm See current U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Market Impacts Prices NYMEX Futures Prices (for October delivery) 9102008 Pre-Gustav 8292008 change Week Ago 932008 Year Ago...

430

Lynn Price  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lynn Price Lynn Price China Energy Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90R2002 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2108 (510) 486-6519 LKPrice@lbl.gov Lynn Price is a Staff Scientist and Leader of the China Energy Group of the Energy Analysis and Environmental Impacts Department, Environmental Energy Technologies Division, of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Ms. Price has a MS in Environmental Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and has worked at LBNL since 1990. Ms. Price has been a member of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007, since 1994 and was an author on the industrial sector chapter of IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report on Mitigation of Climate Change. Since 1999, Ms. Price has provided technical assistance to the Energy

431

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or our findings. Natural Gas Supply and Demand: A Review ofThe price elasticity of natural gas supply is a measurethe responsiveness of natural gas supply to the price of the

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Market Structure and Competition: A Cross-Market Analysis of U.S. Electricity Deregulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy into the restructured markets behave as price takersEnergy Clearing Price (ECP) for the New England market priceISO at below market prices. nuclear energy sources. Unlike

Bushnell, James; Mansur, Erin T.; Saravia, Celeste

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century MarketsChapter 1 Impact of Research on the Economic Outlook for Soybeans and Soybean Products in Global Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Designing Soybeans for the 21st Century Markets Chapter 1 Impact of Research on the Economic Outlook for Soybeans and Soybean Products in Global Markets Biofuels and Bioproducts and Biodiesel Food Science Health Nutrition Biochemistry P

434

A Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland? The Impact of Low Carbon Generation on the Future Price of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland? The Impact of Low Carbon Generation on the Future Price Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland?' explores the emergence of a distinctive energy policy for Scotland and raises the issue of the desirability of any differentiation from UK energy policy. Although

Mottram, Nigel

435

2010 Wind Technologies Market Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

natural gas prices), reversed this long-term trend in 2009gas market. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report 4. Price, Cost, and Performance Trends

Wiser, Ryan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

437

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

438

Crude Oil Prices  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

439

Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Information AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

440

Natural Gas Wellhead Price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Wellhead Price Marketed Production Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By:...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Summer 2006 Motor Gasoline Prices (Released in the STEO July 2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This supplement to the July 2006 ShortTerm Energy Outlook (STEO) examines thevarious factors that have contributed to this summers high gasoline prices anddiscusses how they may continue to impact markets over the next severalmonths.

Information Center

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

OPEC and lower oil prices: Impacts on production capacity, export refining, domestic demand and trade balances  

SciTech Connect

The East-West Center received a research grant from the US Department of Energy's Office of Policy, Planning, and Analysis to study the impact of lower oil prices on OPEC production capacity, on export refineries, and the petroleum trade. The project was later expanded to include balance-of-payments scenarios and impacts on OPEC domestic demand. The Department of Energy requested that the study focus on the Persian Gulf countries, as these countries have the largest share of OPEC reserves and production. Since then, staff members from the East-West Center have visited Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia and obtained detailed information from other countries. In addition, the East-West Center received from a number of large international oil companies and national governments valuable information on OPEC production capabilities. In order to safeguard the confidential nature of this information, these data have been aggregated in this report. The East-West Center considers the results presented to be the most up-to-date information and analysis available today. This report also provides a major reassessment of the export refining and economic competitiveness of Middle East refineries. As pioneers of the research on OPEC export refineries, the East-West Center has fully reevaluated the performance and outlook of these refineries as of the present. 21 figs., 20 tabs.

Fesharaki, F.; Fridley, D.; Isaak, D.; Totto, L.; Wilson, T.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

The impact of energy prices on industrial energy efficiency and productivity  

SciTech Connect

Energy prices moved into the forefront of concern in the mid and late seventies when two oil price shocks drove up energy prices dramatically. The analysis of the subsequent increase in industrial energy efficiency, i.e., decline in energy use per unit of industrial output, has filled volumes of government and private studies. Despite the volumes of analysis, there remains no consensus on the magnitude of the effect of energy prices on industrial energy efficiency or the effect of the change in energy prices on productivity. This paper examines some sources of the controversy to initiate a dialog between policy makers, analysts, and the energy consumers and producers.

Boyd, G.A.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Employment Impacts of Early Markets for Hydrogen and Fuel Cell...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Source: Kurtz, J., K. Wipke, S. Sprik, T. Ramsden and C. Ainscough, Early Fuel Cell Market Deployments: ARRA and Combined (IAA, DLA, ARRA) NREL Composite Data Products, March...

445

The Potential Impacts of a Competitive Wholesale Market in the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first ever, formal wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States....

446

Crude Market Impacts on Diff - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude Market Factors . If light crude supply is increasing relative to heavy crude supply, it tends to contract the differential. On the other hand, if heavy crude ...

447

International Energy Outlook 2001 - World Oil Markets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

World Oil Markets World Oil Markets picture of a printer Printer Friendly Version (PDF) In the IEO2001 forecast, periodic production adjustments by OPEC members are not expected to have a significant long-term impact on world oil markets. Prices are projected to rise gradually through 2020 as the oil resource base is expanded. Crude oil prices remained above $25 per barrel in nominal terms for most of 2000 and have been near $30 per barrel in the early months of 2001. Prices were influenced by the disciplined adherence to announced cutbacks in production by members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). OPEC’s successful market management strategy was an attempt to avoid a repeat of the ultra-low oil price environment of 1998 and early 1999. Three additional factors contributed to the resiliency of oil prices in

448

Warm weather, low natural gas prices hold down wholesale power ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... Northeastern and Midwestern wholesale power prices typically are linked closely to ... raising the spot market prices for ...

449

Open Automated Demand Response Dynamic Pricing Technologies and Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

charges. Wholesale energy market prices are volatile, andCAISOs Wholesale Energy Market Prices PG&Es PDP RetailWe used the CAISO wholesale energy market prices for the RTP

Ghatikar, Girish

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

U.S. Distillate Market  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

diesel and heating fuel prices diesel and heating fuel prices surged. The largest increases occurred in the distillate-based fuels (heating oil and diesel) in the Northeast. The main factors driving up these prices were low stocks leading into January, followed by a bout of severe weather that impacted both supply and demand. Warmer weather and the arrival of new supply, mainly imports, relieved the supply/demand imbalance and brought prices back down. The spike is now behind us, but high crude prices are keeping prices above year-ago levels. The low stock situation that set the stage for the distillate price spike was not unique to the United States, Low stocks exist worldwide and are not limited to distillate. The low stock situation stems from what is happening in the crude oil markets. A crude oil supply shortage drove crude

451

Forecasting Crude Oil Spot Price Using OECD Petroleum Inventory  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Forecasting Forecasting Crude Oil Spot Price Using OECD Petroleum Inventory Levels MICHAEL YE, ∗ JOHN ZYREN, ∗∗ AND JOANNE SHORE ∗∗ Abstract This paper presents a short-term monthly forecasting model of West Texas Intermedi- ate crude oil spot price using OECD petroleum inventory levels. Theoretically, petroleum inventory levels are a measure of the balance, or imbalance, between petroleum production and demand, and thus provide a good market barometer of crude oil price change. Based on an understanding of petroleum market fundamentals and observed market behavior during the post-Gulf War period, the model was developed with the objectives of being both simple and practical, with required data readily available. As a result, the model is useful to industry and government decision-makers in forecasting price and investigat- ing the impacts of changes on price, should inventories,

452

Prices & Trends  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment. Learn about EIA and Energy Department organizations that track energy prices and trends.

453

Impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The debate on the impact of modern logistics on industrial location choice and property markets focuses on (1) whether modern inventory control and supply- chain configuration consolidate manufacturing and distribution ...

Li, Yu, 1976-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Labor arbitrage : impact of offshoring in the U.S. labor market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The rapid growth of offshoring has ignited a contentious debate over its impact on the US labor market. Between 1983 and 2002, the United States economy lost 6 million jobs in manufacturing and income inequality increased ...

Malibran, Jorge (Malibran ngel)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energy Market and Economic Impacts of H.R. 2454, the American ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

SR/OIAF/2009-05. Energy Market and Economic Impacts of H.R. 2454, the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 . August 2009. Energy Information Administration

456

U.S. Biofuels Baseline and Impact of E-15 Expansion on Biofuel Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

May 2012 U.S. Biofuels Baseline and Impact of E-15 Expansion on Biofuel Markets FAPRI-MU Report #02 for agricultural and biofuel markets.1 That baseline assumes current biofuel policy, including provisions credit expired, as scheduled, at the end of 2011. The additional tax credit for cellulosic biofuel

Noble, James S.

457

Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the spot market price of energy in a competitive wholesalethrough the spot market price of energy for all of theadditional energy at the spot market price. Another example

Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Price controls and international petroleum product prices  

SciTech Connect

The effects of Federal refined-product price controls upon the price of motor gasoline in the United States through 1977 are examined. A comparison of domestic and foreign gasoline prices is made, based on the prices of products actually moving in international trade. There is also an effort to ascribe US/foreign market price differentials to identifiable cost factors. Primary emphasis is on price comparisons at the wholesale level, although some retail comparisons are presented. The study also examines the extent to which product price controls are binding, and attempts to estimate what the price of motor gasoline would have been in the absence of controls. The time period under consideration is from 1969 through 1977, with primary focus on price relationships in 1970-1971 (just before US controls) and 1976-1977. The foreign-domestic comparisons are made with respect to four major US cities, namely, Boston, New York, New Orleans, and Los Angeles. 20 figures, 14 tables.

Deacon, R.T.; Mead, W.J.; Agarwal, V.B.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Impact of Alternative Energy Prices, Tenure Arrangements and Irrigation Technologies on a Typical Texas High Plains Farm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irrigation is a major contributing factor in crop production on the Texas High Plains. It is responsible for greatly increasing crop production and farm income for the region. Two factors, a declining groundwater supply and increasing production costs, are of primary concern because they impact on farm operations and producer economic viability. A recursive linear programming model for a typical Texas High Plains irrigated farm was developed to evaluate expected impact of price changes, tenure and new technology. The model includes a Fortran sub-routine that adjusts irrigation factors each year based on the linear programming solution of the previous year. After calculating new pumping energy requirements, well yield, and pumping lift, the Fortran component updates the linear programming model. This procedure continues automatically to the end of a specified planning period or to economic exhaustion of the groundwater, whichever occurs first. Static applications of the model, in a deep water situation, showed that a natural gas price increase from $1.50 to $2.20 per thousand cubic feet (mcf) would result in reductions in irrigation levels. Irrigation was terminated when the price of natural gas reached about $7.00 per mcf. In a shallow water situation, much higher natural gas prices were reached ($3.60 per mcf) before short-run adjustments in farm organization began to occur. Under furrow irrigation, irrigation was terminated when the natural gas price reached $7.00 per mcf. Increased natural gas prices impact heavily on returns above variable costs (up to 15 percent reductions) for a 60 percent natural gas price increase. The effects of rising natural gas prices over a longer period of time were more significant. Annual returns (above variable and fixed costs) were reduced by as much as 30 percent, and the present value of returns to water was reduced by as much as 80 percent as the natural gas price was increased annually by $0.25 per mcf (from $1.50 per mcf). The economic life of deep groundwater was shortened by as much as 18 years. Renter-operators are even more vulnerable to rising natural gas prices than are owner-operators. With rising natural gas prices, profitability over time for the renter is low. As natural gas prices continue to increase, the greater will be the incentives for renter-operators to seek more favorable rental terms such as a sharing of irrigation costs. With the problem of a declining groundwater supply and rising natural gas prices, an economic incentive exists for producers to find new technologies that will enable them to make more efficient use of remaining groundwater and of natural gas. Substantial economic gains appear feasible through improved pump efficiency. Increasing pump efficiency from 50 to 75 percent will not increase the economic life of the water supply, but can improve farm profits over time; e.g., the present value of groundwater was increased 33 percent for a typical farm with an aquifer containing 250 feet of saturated thickness and 15 percent for 75 feet of saturated thickness. Improved irrigation distribution systems can help conserve water and reduce irrigation costs. Results indicate that irrigation can be extended by 11 or more years with 50 percent improved distribution efficiency. In addition, the increase in present value of groundwater on the 1.69 million irrigated acres of the Texas High Plains was estimated to be $995 million with 50 percent improved efficiency. Limitations in borrowing can substantially reduce annual net returns. This analysis suggests that the farmer can economically justify very high costs of borrowing rather than a limitation of funds available for operating expenses.

Petty, J. A.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Whitson, R. E.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Real Time Pricing and the Real Live Firm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ahead Wholesale Market Electricity Prices: Case Study of RTPfluctuations in electricity prices are based on theories ofto increases in electricity prices, as long as doing so

Moezzi, Mithra; Goldman, Charles; Sezgen, Osman; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Revisiting the Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hurst, 2007b. Lifecycle Prices and Production, forthcomingA. Pakes, 1995. Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium,on the Importance of Sticky Prices," Journal of Political

Gicheva, Dora; Hastings, Justine; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Credit derivatives : market dimensions, correlation with equity and implied option volatility, regression modeling and statistical price risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research thesis explores the market dimensions of credit derivatives including the prevalent product structures, leading participants, market applications and the issues confronting this relatively new product. We ...

Kureshy, Imran, A., 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

The projected impact of lower oil prices on US energy conservation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of conservation savings during a period of rising world oil prices (1972 to 1982), the dramatic drop in world oil prices in 1986 elicits the question: Do low world oil prices threaten the conservation savings that occurred during the previous decade. In order to test the potential loss in conservation from the drop in world oil prices in the target year 1995, two oil price scenarios were constructed: a case testing what would have occurred if oil prices remained at their 1984 level ($30/barrel in 1985 dollars), and one in which prices drop to and are maintained at $14/barrel (in 1985 dollars). This approach represents a boundary analysis, illustrating what could happen to conservation rather than predicting what will happen. By comparing projections of energy consumption under the two scenarios, the potential conservation loss from the drop in oil prices can be estimated: (1) potential conservation losses from lower world oil prices might be in the range of 9% in 1995; (2) only about one quarter of this conservation loss represents potential losses in energy efficiency; and (3) the remaining three quarters of the conservation losses result from behavioral changes and increased economic growth under lower prices. The answer to the question posed above is therefore yes; low oil prices do pose a threat to the conservation savings amassed during the past decade. But the threat is not as great as it could be 1-10% loss versus a 25% previous gain). This is because only a small part of the efficiency gains (about 2.5% out of 17%) would be lost. Most of the projected losses in conservation from low oil prices would be behavioral losses (almost all of the 8% past behavioral gain could be lost). 14 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Bidding Strategy with Forecast Technology Based on Support Vector Machine in Electrcity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The participants of the electricity market concern very much the market price evolution. Various technologies have been developed for price forecast. SVM (Support Vector Machine) has shown its good performance in market price forecast. Two approaches for forming the market bidding strategies based on SVM are proposed. One is based on the price forecast accuracy, with which the being rejected risk is defined. The other takes into account the impact of the producer's own bid. The risks associated with the bidding are controlled by the parameters setting. The proposed approaches have been tested on a numerical example.

Gao, C; Napoli, R; Wan, Q

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Accounting for Oil Price Variation and Weakening Impact of the Oil Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent empirical studies reveal that the oil price-output relationship is weakening in the US. After mid 1980s, observed oil price-output correlation is less negative, and output reduction in response to oil price rise is more moderate than before. To see the reason, we develop a DSGE model where oil price and US output are endogenously determined by the exogenous movements of US TFP and the oil supply. Maintaining model specication the same for pre-mid-80s and post-mid-80s, the model replicates the actual paths of oil price and output well, and yields the weakening eect of oil price. In contrast to the conventional wisdom that emphasis on the changes in the economic structures, we found that what brings the weakening in the oil price-output relationship are the two changes associated with the way the exogenous variables evolved over the periods. First, oil supply variation has become moderate in recent years. Second, oil supply shortage is no longer followed by a large decline in TFP. We show that less volatile oil supply variation results in less negative oil price-output correlations, and a smaller TFP decline during oil supply shortfall implies a smaller output decline during oil price increases.

Naohisa Hirakata; Nao Sudo Y; Anton Braun; Jordi Gal; Simon Gilchrist; Francois Gourio

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Housing tenure and labor market impacts: The search goes on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop two search-theoretic models emphasizing firm entry to examine the Oswald hypothesis, the idea that homeownership is linked to inferior labor market outcomes, and compare their predictions to three extant theories. ...

Coulson, N. Edward

467

Market Model Simulation: The Impact of Increased Automotive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to reduce energy consumption of gasoline, the U.S. Congress passed the ... from information in a Solomon Smith Barney report on Australian Magnesium, United States .... The market model was used to analyze three scenarios. First...

468

Managing price risk in a multimarket environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AbstractIn a competitive electricity market, a generation company (Genco) can manage its trading risk through trading electricity among multiple markets such as spot markets and contract markets. The question is how to decide the trading proportion of each market in order to maximize the Gencos profit and minimize the associated risk. Based on the mean-variance portfolio theory, this paper proposes a sequential optimization approach to electric energy allocation between spot and contract markets, taking into consideration the risks of electricity price, congestion charge, and fuel price. Especially, the impact of the fuel market on electric energy allocation is analyzed and simulated with historical data in respect of the electricity market and other fuel markets in the U.S. Simulation results confirm that the proposed analytic approach is consistent with intuition and therefore reasonable and feasible for a Genco to make a trading plan involving risks in an electricity market. Index TermsElectricity market, mean-variance portfolio theory, risk management, utility theory. I.

Min Liu; Felix F. Wu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Oil Markets After the Hurricanes: Reversion to the Mean or Return to Recent Trend?  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This presentation focuses on the impacts Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma will have on oil markets (supply, demand, stocks, and imports) in the fourth quarter of 2005 and into 2006. The presentation looks examines whether oil markets are likely to return to much lower prices (the long term average) or continue the trend of high oil prices seen over the last couple of years.

Information Center

2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

470

The Minimum Price Contract  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A minimum price contract is one of many tools a marketer may use to better manage price and production risk while trying to achieve financial goals and objectives. This publication discusses the advantages and disadvantages involved in this marketing program and the situations when it can be used.

Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.; Welch, Mark; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

471

The world price of coal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A significant increase in the seaborne trade for coal over the past twenty years has unified formerly separate coal markets into a world market in which prices move in tandem. Due to its large domestic market, the United ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Retail Product Prices Are Driven By Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel have risen strongly over the past two years, driven mostly by the rise in world crude oil prices to their highest levels since the Persian Gulf War. Of course, there are a number of other significant factors that impact retail product prices, the most important of which is the supply/demand balance for each product. But the point of this slide is to show that generally speaking, as world crude oil prices rise and fall, so do retail product prices. Because of the critical importance of crude oil price levels, my presentation today will look first at global oil supply and demand, and then at the factors that differentiate the markets for each product. I'll also talk briefly about natural gas, and the impact that gas

473

Impact of money market funds on commercial paper markets in United States and South Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The focus of this study is on Commercial Paper markets which are used by financial and non financial firms to manage working capital and maturity transformation. We explore how the primary investors in CP in the US, the ...

Chandrasekaran, Abhijit

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The impact of carbon taxes or allowances on the electric generation market in the Ohio and ECAR region  

SciTech Connect

The North American electricity grid is separated into 11 regional reliability councils, collectively called the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC). The East Central Area Reliability Coordination Agreement (ECAR) is the reliability council that covers Ohio and Indiana, along with parts of Kentucky, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Ohio and the rest of the ECAR region rely more heavily on coal-fired generation than any other US region. The purpose of this report is to study the effect of carbon reduction policies on the cost and price of generation in the ECAR region, with an emphasis on Ohio. In order to do that, the author modeled the possible electric generation system for the ECAR and Ohio region for the year 2010 using a model developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory called the Oak Ridge Competitive Electric Dispatch model (ORCED). He let the model optimize the system based on various factors and carbon reduction policies to understand their impact. He then used the electricity prices and assumed demand elasticities to change the demands while also requiring all power plants to be profitable. The author discusses the different potential policies for carbon reduction and issues involving a restructured market; describes the model used for this analysis, the ECAR electricity sector, and the establishment of a base case; and describes the results of applying various carbon emission reduction approaches to the region. 14 figs., 5 tabs.

Hadley, S.W.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

EIA-Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act of 2010  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Response to Congressionals and Other Requests > Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act of 2010 Response to Congressionals and Other Requests > Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act of 2010 Energy Market and Economic Impacts of the American Power Act of 2010 This report responds to a request from Senators Kerry, Graham, and Lieberman for an analysis of the American Power Act of 2010 (APA). APA, as released by Senators Kerry and Lieberman on May 12, 2010, regulates emissions of greenhouse gases through market-based mechanisms, efficiency programs, and other economic incentives. Contents complete report PDF GIF Errata - as of July 20, 2010 Preface and Contacts Request Summary Analysis Cases Findings Additional Insights Study Table Results Browse data results Regional and supplemental tables available here also. Data can be charted and downloaded.

476

MTBE Prices Responded to Natural Gas Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

On top of the usual factors impacting gasoline prices, natural gas has had some influence recently. ... Both methane and butane come from natural gas streams.

477

Allocating Transmission to Mitigate Market Power in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy spot market equilibrium price is predictable, as it is with Cournot competition and information

Gilbert, Richard; Neuhoff, Karsten; Newberry, David

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

PRICE LEVELS AND DISPERSION WITH ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In the extensive literature on price dispersions that exists to date, there is a gap in the analysis of how market structure affects prices as (more)

Bhattacharya, Tanmoy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Impacts of Electric Industry Restructuring on Electric Generation and Fuel Markets: Analytical and Business Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Restructuring and increasing competition are likely to have a major impact on electric generating companies and the individuals and organizations that buy, transport, market, or supply fuels. Restructuring may also affect the patterns of coal and gas use. This report, the first in a series by EPRI and the Gas Research Institute (GRI), describes the scope of these potential impacts.

1997-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

480

Examination of Housing Price Impacts on Residential Properties Before and After Superfund Remediation Using Spatial Hedonic Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although recent brownfields redevelopment research using theories of real estate valuation and neighborhood change have indicated negative effects on surrounding residential housing, little evidence exists to show price impacts and sociodemographic change after remediation. This study examines the extent and size of the economic impact of Superfund sites on surrounding single-family residential properties before and after remediation in Miami-Dade County and examines trends for contemporaneous sociodemographic changes. The study combines the economic impact from changes in environmental quality with contemporaneous sociodemographic changes within the purview of environmental and social justice. This study uses spatial hedonic price modeling on a comprehensive dataset of property-level data, with corresponding sales prices of housing transactions while controlling for other structural, neighborhood, and submarkets characteristics for assessing economic impact. Findings revealed that housing sales prices for single-family residential properties significantly increases as distance to the nearest contaminated Superfund increases. Following remediation, this negative impact declined and housing values increased significantly in neighborhoods with remedied Superfund sites albeit more so in low housing submarkets than premium submarkets. Spatial hedonic models outperformed traditional OLS models in presenting unbiased efficient parameter estimates, correcting for spatial dependence. Although no evidence for gentrification was observed, there existed significant differences between certain sociodemographic characteristics of neighborhoods around contaminated Superfund sites and those of properties located elsewhere leading to concerns of environmental and social justice. Findings suggest that low-income minority populations are more likely to be living in neighborhoods around contaminated Superfund sites and experience a greater negative effect on housing sales prices; these sites are also less likely to be remedied as compared to sites located elsewhere. The findings highlight not only the revealed preferences of homeowners with respect to environmental disamenities, but also help inform policymakers and researchers of the impact of brownfields redevelopment on economic and sociodemographic characteristics of a growing urban region with evolving cultural and social diversity. Incorporating influences of housing submarkets, neighborhood amenities, and spatial dependence help provide a holistic and comprehensive model for examining environmental disamenities and provide a better understanding for neighborhood change.

Mhatre, Pratik Chandrashekhar

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "market impacts prices" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Commerical Price - Marketers  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2006 2010 2011 View History...

482

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

483

Price Discrimination Based on Downstream Regulation: Evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-level regulation of the electricity market. Market power and price discrimination based on downstream regulation by evidence that state-level electricity market restructur- ing also affects the price power plants payPrice Discrimination Based on Downstream Regulation: Evidence from the Market for SO2 Scrubbers

Feigon, Brooke

484

Micro-economic Analysis of the Physical Constrained Markets: Game Theory Application to Competitive Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Competition has been introduced in the electricity markets with the goal of reducing prices and improving efficiency. The basic idea which stays behind this choice is that, in competitive markets, a greater quantity of the good is exchanged at a lower and a lower price, leading to higher market efficiency. Electricity markets are pretty different from other commodities mainly due to the physical constraints related to the network structure that may impact the market performance. The network structure of the system on which the economic transactions need to be undertaken poses strict physical and operational constraints. Strategic interactions among producers that game the market with the objective of maximizing their producer surplus must be taken into account when modeling competitive electricity markets. The physical constraints, specific of the electricity markets, provide additional opportunity of gaming to the market players. Game theory provides a tool to model such a context. This paper discussed the a...

Bompard, E; Ragazzi, E; Bompard, Ettore; Ma, Yuchao; Ragazzi, Elena

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Energy Information Administration (EIA) - Energy Market Impacts of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This report responds to a request from Senator Ken Salazar that the Energy Information Administration (EIA) analyze the impacts of implementing alternative variants ...

486

Is Real-Time Pricing Green?: The Environmental Impacts of Electricity Demand Variance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Coal Natural Gas and Oil Nuclear Quantity Supplied (MWh)natural gas, and oil. In this market, when quantity supplied

Holland, Stephen P.; Mansur, Erin T.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

MEAN REVERSION AND MOMENTUM: ANOTHER LOOK AT THE PRICE-VOLUME CORRELATION IN THE REAL ESTATE MARKET  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on behavioral finance and economics literature, we construct a theoretical framework in which consumers of newly constructed housing units perceive prices to follow a stochastic mean reversion pattern. Given this belief and the high carrying cost maintained by real estate developers, potential buyers opt to either exercise immediately or defer the purchase. We simulate the model within a real option framework by which we show that the optimal time to wait before exercising a purchase is positively related to the price level; hence, a negative (positive) correlation between transaction volume and price level (yield) emerges. Observing data on housing prices and new construction sales in Israel for the years 1998-2007, we apply an adaptive expectation regression model to test consumers ' belief in both mean reversion and momentum price patterns. The empirical evidence shows that while consumers demand pattern is simultaneously consistent with the belief in both momentum and mean reversion processes, the effect of the latter generally dominates. Moreover, while the data does not allow for testing the volume and price-level correlation, it does provide support to the positive volume-price yield correlation.

Yuval Arbel; Danny Ben-shahar; Eyal Sulganik

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Prices and Price Setting.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis studies price data and tries to unravel the underlying economic processes of why firms have chosen these prices. It focuses on three aspects (more)

Faber, R.P.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Putting downward pressure on natural gas prices: The impact of renewable energy and energy efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

increase in costs associated with renewable energy or energydesigned renewable energy program with less-binding costcost caps are reached, ensuring that consumers pay a capped price for some number of proxy renewable energy

Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; St. Clair, Matthew

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

The impact of electricity pricing schemes on storage adoption in Ontario  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Ontario electrical grid is sized to meet peak electricity load. If this worst-case load were reduced, the government and Ontario tax-payers could defer large infrastructural costs, reducing the cost of generation and electricity prices. Storage, ...

Tommy Carpenter; Sahil Singla; Parsiad Azimzadeh; S. Keshav

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Price Impact on the Demand for Water and Energy In California...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

advantage of changes in the price of one to change their use or consumption of the other. Home heating, clothes washing, and cooking can be performed with natural gas or...

492

Is Price Behavior Scaling and Multiscaling in a Dealer Market? Perspectives from Multi-Agent Based Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Empirical findings point out that the scaling and multiscaling properties can be found in many dealer markets. But how do these properties emerge from these financial markets? What are the dynamical causes for these nonlinear properties? Are they the ... Keywords: Artificial dealer market, Bounded rationality, C63, D83, Heterogeneity, MF-DFA, Scaling and multiscaling properties

Ling-Yun He

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Optimization Online - Survivable Energy Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 9, 2006... at the same time, the dayahead energy market and the reserve market in order to price through the market, beside energy, the overall cost of...

494

The driving forces on the Swedish compressed natural gas market and the impact on OKQ8's strategy; The driving forces on the Swedish compressed natural gas market and the impact on OKQ8's strategy.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This paper aims to examine how the driving forces of the Swedish CNG market have impacted OKQ8s strategies. This has been conducted through the (more)

Malmstrm, Martin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Super-Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) evaluation volume 2: Preliminary impact and market transformation assessment  

SciTech Connect

The Super Efficient Refrigerator Program (SERP) is a collaborative utility program intended to transform the market for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly refrigerators. It is one of the first examples of a large-scale {open_quotes}market transformation{close_quotes} energy efficiency program. This report documents the preliminary impact and market transformation evaluation of SERP ({open_quotes}the Program{close_quotes}). Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted this evaluation for the U.S. Department of Energy. This study focuses on the preliminary impact evaluation and market transformation assessment, but also presents limited process evaluation information. It is based on interviews with refrigerator dealers and manufacturers, interviews with utility participants, industry data, and information from the Program administrators. Results from this study complement those from prior process evaluation also conducted by PNNL. 42 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

Lee, A.D.; Conger, R.L.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

OIL PRICES AND THE WORLD ECONOMY 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Oil prices, associated with bouts of inflation and economic instability over the last 30 years, have been rising in recent months. We argue that the inflationary consequences of a rise in oil prices depend upon the policy response of the monetary authorities. They can ameliorate the short term impacts on output, but only at the cost of higher inflation. In the short term the size and distribution of output effects from an increase in oil prices depends on the intensity of oil use in production and on the speed at which oil producers spend their revenue. In the medium term higher oil prices change the terms of trade between the OECD and the rest of the world and hence reduce the equilibrium level of output in the OECD. In this paper we first discuss oil market developments and survey previous studies on the impacts of increases in oil prices. We then use our model, NiGEM, to evaluate the impact of temporary and permanent oil price increases on the world economy under various policy responses, and also analyse the impact of a decline in the speed of oil revenue recycling. 1 This paper has benefited from inputs from a number of colleagues at the Institute, and we would like to thank

Ray Barrell; Olga Pomerantz

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

FastFit - A Users Guide: Estimation of Uncertain Process Parameters and Generation of Forward Price Curves for Energy Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Valuation of electric power assets and contracts requires both forward prices (for electricity and fuels) and their associated levels of uncertainty. FastFit is a software package for estimating the underlying process parameters that characterize the uncertainty in terms of a three-factor, mean reverting stochastic process. FastFit then uses those parameters to develop or extend forward price forecasts for fuels and electricity. Employing Kalman Filtering (KF) and maximum likelihood estimation (MLE) tech...

2003-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

498

Electricity prices in a competitive environment: Marginal cost pricing of generation services and financial status of electric utilities. A preliminary analysis through 2015  

SciTech Connect

The emergence of competitive markets for electricity generation services is changing the way that electricity is and will be priced in the United States. This report presents the results of an analysis that focuses on two questions: (1) How are prices for competitive generation services likely to differ from regulated prices if competitive prices are based on marginal costs rather than regulated {open_quotes}cost-of-service{close_quotes} pricing? (2) What impacts will the competitive pricing of generation services (based on marginal costs) have on electricity consumption patterns, production costs, and the financial integrity patterns, production costs, and the financial integrity of electricity suppliers? This study is not intended to be a cost-benefit analysis of wholesale or retail competition, nor does this report include an analysis of the macroeconomic impacts of competitive electricity prices.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Gas Prices: Frequently Asked Questions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prices: Frequently Asked Questions Prices: Frequently Asked Questions What determines the price of gasoline? Energy Information Administration What's going on with gasoline prices? Factors Affecting Gasoline Prices This Week in Petroleum (updated weekly) Gasoline Price Pass-through Oil Market Basics Primer on Gasoline Sources and Markets What's up (and down) with gasoline prices? Illustration showing component costs of gasoline What are the average national and regional gasoline prices? Energy Information Administration Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (updated weekly) This Week in Petroleum (updated weekly) California Energy Commission California Gasoline & Gasoline Prices What is the outlook for gasoline prices? Energy Information Administration Short-Term Energy Outlook Why are gasoline prices so different from one state (or region) to another?

500

The Impacts on U.S. Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Report Report The Impacts on U.S. Energy Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports Prepared by Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy For The General Accounting Office September 1996 Service Reports are prepared by EIA upon special request and may be based on assumptions specified by the requestor. Information regarding the request for this report is included in the Preface. The Impacts on U.S. Energy Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports Energy Information Administration, September 1996 For Further Information... The Impacts on U.S. Energy Markets and the Economy of Reducing Oil Imports was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, under the direction of Mary J. Hutzler