Sample records for marcela rourk shopp

  1. North Dakota SHOPP final performance report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    During the last four heating seasons, implementing SHOPP within the state of North Dakota, telephone surveys were conducted covering samples of between 26 and 30 residential propane dealers. In conducting the SHOPP survey in North Dakota, data collection was limited to residential propane prices. The survey commenced the first Monday in October and ended in March. The surveys were normally conducted on the first and third Monday of each month. However, in the 1991/93 and 1993/94 heating seasons, the collection of data was increased briefly to weekly survey at the direction of EIA. In conducting the survey, the data was inputted into the PEDRO computerized data system for processing and transmittal to EIA. Detailed printouts of the price data from the 1995/96 SHOPP propane survey are contained in the attached tables. The survey data, as analyzed by EIA, resulted in estimated average residential propane prices for the state of North Dakota during the heating season. Attached are line charts which plot this average price for propane within the state against the calculated average for PADD II, of which North Dakota is a part.

  2. Michigan SHOPP

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade EnergyTennesseeYearUndergroundCubicDecadeFeet) YearperMICHIGAN

  3. Project: Vitamin Shoppe 1 A Adviser: Dr. Nembhard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirel, Melik C.

    . To attack this dilemma, Vitamin Consulting performed numerous time and motion studies at the Harrisburg for the Harrisburg, PA location. #12;

  4. Motion Planning O'Rourke, Chapter 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazhdan, Michael

    angles for which the arm reaches ? 2. If there is a configuration, what is it? Robot Arm 1 2 3 1 2 3 with link lengths = {1, ... , }, denote by the sum of link lengths: = 1 + + . Robot Arm 1 2 3 1 2 3 #12, the reach is independent of the order of the links. Robot Arm 1 2 3 3 3 2 1 2 3 #12;What is the reach

  5. State of Maine residential heating oil survey 2001-02 season summary [SHOPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Elder, Betsy

    2002-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This, as the title implies, is a summary report of the price trends for heating oil, propane and kerosene heating fuels for the heating season.

  6. DOCUMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE PROCESSING OF STATE HEATING OIL AND PROPRANE PROGRAM (SHOPP)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40Coal Stocks at CommercialDecadeReservesYear21CompanyS LightUpdated

  7. Microsoft PowerPoint - M Rourk Presentation FINAL.pptx

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for On-Highway4,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,9,1,50022,3,,,,6,1,Decade EnergyTennesseeYearUndergroundCubicDecadeFeet)Proved O i Overview

  8. Please join the UW-Madison Office of Child Care and Family Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    , Ltd., Captain Bill's Waterfront Restaurant, Chocolate Shoppe Ice Cream, Cladagh Irish Pub, Coca-Cola

  9. Final report of the Rhode Island State Energy Office on residential no. 2 heating oil and propane prices [SHOPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McClanahan, Janice

    2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summary report on residential No.2 heating oil and propane prepared under grant. Summarizes the monitoring and analysis of heating oil and propane prices from October 2000 through March 2001.

  10. Gamma$Ray$Bursts$ R.S.MacKay$and$C.P.Rourke$

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dauxois, Thierry

    $narrow$beam$of$intense$radiaHon$released$during$a$ supernova$eventsupernova$event,$as$a$rapidly$rotaHng,$high?mass$star$collapses$to$ form

  11. State Heating Oil and Propane Program final report. Survey of No.2 heating oil and propane prices at the retail level October 2001 [sic] through March 2001 [SHOPP

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2001-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Data collected by Division staff was entered into the EIA-PEDRO system. No written reports of data were required.

  12. Algorithms for the Poincar'e Conjecture The Rego--Rourke algorithm Algorithms to disprove the Poincar'e Conjecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rourke, Colin

    p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p p pp pp pp pp pp pp pp pppp ppppp pppppppp pppppp ppp ppp p p p p p p p p p p p p pp pp pp pp ppp ppp ppppp pppppppppppppppp ppppp ppp ppp ppp p pp p pp p p p p p p p p pp pp pp pp pp pp pp ppp pppp pppppp pppppppp pppppp pppp ppp pp pp pp pp p p p p p p p p

  13. China's Trash Incinerators Loom as Global Pollution Hazard Timothy O'Rourke for The New York Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    now falling on North American lakes comes from Asia, particularly China, mainly from coal-fired plants

  14. H A&S 222a Energy and Environment: Life Under the Pale Sun P.B. Rhines, Marcela Ewert 1 June 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of evolution of species. DNA is the engine that drives evolution and the books Richard Dawkins argue followed energy from its generation in the sun (by fusion of the simplest element. ­ hydrogen

  15. Biblioteca Universitria -Novas aquisies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    /6 - Ciencias t. ex.: 1CARTAGENA, Sarah Marcela Chinchilla. Redução de riscos de desastres nas escolas/ [Texto Sarah Marcela Chinchilla Cartagena]. Florianópolis: CEPED/UFSC, 2012. 9 p. ( Redução de Riscos de

  16. The Politics of Human Rights in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brysk, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Valente,  Marcela.  “Argentina’s  Biggest  Human  Rights  Motor  is  Linked  to  Argentina’s  ‘Dirty  War’”.   New  fortune  of  my  heart.   Argentina's  1985  human  rights  

  17. La Politica de Derechos Humanos en Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brysk, Alison

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    World  Report  2012:  Argentina”.   http://www.hrw.org/Valente,  Marcela.  “Argentina’s  Biggest  Human  Rights  Política de Derechos Humanos en Argentina Protesta, Cambio y

  18. 2012 Landes Bioscience. Do not distribute.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wasting disease of North American cervids Stacie J. Robinson,1, * Michael D. Samuel,2 Katherine I. O'Rourke3 and Chad J. Johnson4 1 Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology; University of Wisconsin; Madison

  19. State Heating Oil & Propane Program. Final report 1997/98 heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunton, G.

    1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The following is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1997/98 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program is funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. SHOPP was initiated in response to congressional inquires into supply difficulties and price spikes of heating oil and propane associated with the winter of 1989/90. This is important to New Hampshire because heating oil controls over 55% of the residential heating market statewide. Propane controls 10% of the heating market statewide and is widely used for water heating and cooking in areas of the state where natural gas is not available. Lower installation cost, convenience, lower operating costs compared to electricity, and its perception as a clean heating fuel have all worked to increase the popularity of propane in New Hampshire and should continue to do so in the future. Any disruption in supply of these heating fuels to New Hampshire could cause prices to skyrocket and leave many residents in the cold.

  20. OIKOS 98: 316, 2002 Using niche-based GIS modeling to test geographic predictions of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Robert P.

    and Marcela Go´mez-Laverde Anderson, R. P., Peterson, A. T. and Go´mez-Laverde, M. 2002. Using niche-based GIS, rpa@amnh.org). ­ M. Go´mez- La6erde, Fundacio´n Ulama´, Aptdo Ae´reo 93674, Santafe´ de Bogota

  1. Energy and Environment H A&S 220d Spring 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and energy history of energy demand and development ....fossil fuels connections with evolution alternative#12;Energy and Environment ­ H A&S 220d Spring 2009 Peter Rhines Marcela Ewert with Eric Lindahl radiation imagers.gsfc.nasa.gov/ems/uv.html www.odysseymagazine.com/images #12;Energy can be `concentrated

  2. Antecedentes del Sirex noctilio (Hymenoptera-Siricidae) en el Valle de Calamuchita, Cordoba, Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Argentina SUMMARY In 1994, the wood wasp parasite Sirex noctilio was identified in Pinus spp. growing in the Calamuchita Valley of Cordoba, Argentina. This insect causes direct and indirect damage to trees, eventually in the Calamuchita Valley, Córdoba, Argentina ADLIH LOPEZ, MARCELA DEMAESTRI, ESTEBAN ZUPAN, OMAR BAROTTO Facultad de

  3. arXiv:hep-ph/0106116v327Feb2002 FERMILAB-Pub-00/334-T

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Distinguishing a MSSM Higgs Boson from the SM Higgs Boson at a Linear Collider Marcela Carenaa , Howard E. Haberb Standard Model (MSSM) imply that a light CP-even Higgs boson discovered at the Tevatron or LHC may closely resemble the Standard Model (SM) Higgs boson. In this paper, we investigate how precision measurements

  4. A review of "Drama and the Performing Arts in Pre-Cromwellian Ireland: A Repertory of Sources and Documents from the Earliest Times Until c. 1642." by Alan J. Fletcher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kay J. Blalock

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ). The other documents in Sir Brian O?Rourke?s ?trayterous pagent? (6.3) support the above statement. Not all performing artists were designated as such, neither O?Rourke nor his men were entertainers in the true sense, though they could easily be classified.... Fletcher. Drama and the Performing Arts in Pre-Cromwellian Ireland: A Repertory of Sources and Documents from the Earliest Times Until c. 1642. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer, 2001. xii + 624 pp. + 5 illus. $160.00. Review by KAY J. BLALOCK, ST. LOUIS...

  5. Allan Hazlett allanhazlett@gmail.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    /11/10 Education: Brown University: 2000 ­ 2006. MA 2003 (Philosophy), PhD 2006 (Philosophy). Dissertation: "Grice D. Feldman), European Journal of Philosophy, forthcoming (2012). "How the Past Depends on the Future.), A Companion to Analytic Philosophy (Continuum Press), forthcoming. Review of J.K. Campbell, M. O'Rourke, and H

  6. Gamma ray bursts ROBERT S MACKAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rourke, Colin

    Gamma ray bursts ROBERT S MACKAY COLIN ROURKE We propose that a gamma ray burst is a kinematic Gamma ray bursts are intense flashes of electromagnetic radiation of cosmic origin lasting from ten accepted mechanism. We propose that a gamma ray burst is simply a kinematic effect, namely the effect

  7. Discrete profile alignment via constrained information bottleneck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chechik, Gal

    Discrete profile alignment via constrained information bottleneck Sean O'Rourke seano@cs.ucsd.edu Abstract Amino acid profiles, which capture position-specific mutation prob- abilities, are a richer encoding of biological sequences than the in- dividual sequences themselves. However, profile comparisons

  8. Discrete profile alignment via constrained information bottleneck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chechik, Gal

    Discrete profile alignment via constrained information bottleneck Sean O'Rourke # seano@cs.ucsd.edu Abstract Amino acid profiles, which capture position­specific mutation prob­ abilities, are a richer encoding of biological sequences than the in­ dividual sequences themselves. However, profile comparisons

  9. Vice President Renee Reijo Pera,Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Partnership, Energy Research Institute, MilTech, Office of Research Compliance, Office of Sponsored Programs Animal Resource Center TechLink MilTech Christine O'Rourke,DVM Director Will Swearingen Director Al Bobby Bear Fiscal Director Michelle Leonti Administrative Manager Kathleen Rich Acct Assoc IV #12;MIL-TECH

  10. Vice President Renee Reijo Pera,Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Partnership, Energy Research Institute, INBRE, Institute on Ecosystems, MilTech, Montana EPSCoR, Office Admin Asst III Animal Resource Center TechLink MilTech Christine O'Rourke, DVM Director Will Swearingen Coordinator Janet Bender-Keigley Program Coordinator #12;MIL-TECH Alan Deibert Director Brant Bailey Millitary

  11. Vice President Renee Reijo Pera,Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Partnership, Energy Research Institute, INBRE, Institute on Ecosystems, MilTech, Montana EPSCoR, Office Resource Center TechLink MilTech Christine O'Rourke, DVM Director Will Swearingen Ph.D. Director Al DeibertGinnis Education Outreach Coordinator Janet Bender-Keigley Program Coordinator #12;MIL-TECH Alan Deibert Director

  12. Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison 610 Walnut Street, 707 WARF, Madison, WI 53726-2397

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharer, John E.

    Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison 610 Walnut Street, 707://www.pophealth.wisc.edu UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MADISON SCHOOL OF MEDICINE AND PUBLIC HEALTH The Philip M. Farrell Population Health Distinguished Alumni Lecture Ann P. O'Rourke, MD, MPH Assistant Professor Surgical Critical Care Director

  13. BPA contaminants found in most Last Updated: Monday, August 16, 2010 | 10:36 PM ET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . (Chris Wattie/Reuters) Bisphenol A is an industrial chemical used to make polycarbonate plastic for water to by handling devices made of polycarbonate plastic. (Matt Rourke/Associated Press) "Canada was the first to newborns and infants, including a prohibition on the importation, sale and advertising of polycarbonate

  14. Illumination of Polygons with Vertex Lights

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urrutia, Jorge

    * Illumination of Polygons with Vertex Lights Vladimir Estivill­Castro a , Joseph O'Rourke b;1 less than ß suffices for all polygons. A vertex floodlight of angle ff is an internal cone of light ff is a light that projects in a (contiguous) cone of angle at most ff. A floodlight placed

  15. Competition between butter and oleomargarine in Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanco, Isidro Edwardo

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of oleomargarine preferred it because of 1ts lower price, which was about one half of that of butter, and because of health reasons. The pr1ce ratio between butter and oleomargarine was an important factor in determining comparative purchases of each product... according to replies of respondents to various hypothetical price relat1onships between the two prod. ucts. Shopp1ng habits and the availability of o3eomargarine vore factors of importance in determining the comparative consumption of the two products...

  16. Heating Oil and Propane Update

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarketsNov-14 Dec-14Has Driving Come toSHOPP

  17. Winter Fuels Outlook Presentation 2014- 2015

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content4,367,470 4,364,790 4,363,909 4,363,143 4,363,967 4,363,549 1973-2015 Alaska 14,197 14,197CubicYear Jan Feb MarperYork State SHOPP

  18. Wisconsin Heat Content of Natural Gas Deliveries to Consumers (BTU per

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion Cubic Feet)YearWellhead Price (DollarsYork State SHOPP

  19. Development of a Portable Wireless Sensor Network to Enhance Post-Occupancy Commissioning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noye,S.; North,R.; Fisk, D.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -site Commissioning • Balancing • Setting to work • Compliance • Health and safety ESL-IC-14-09-22a Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 8Systems deliver comfort at low energy cost... 1 Development of a Portable Wireless Sensor Network to Enhance Post-Occupancy Commissioning Sarah Noye1 PhD candidate Dr. Robin North Lecturer Prof. David Fisk Professor Laing O’Rourke Centre for System Engineering and Innovation...

  20. State heating oil & propane program. Final report for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania 1994--1995 heating season

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This report has been prepared by the Pennsylvania Energy Office (PEO) to summarize its activities under the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1994-95 heating season. The PEO is under a cooperative agreement, Agreement DE-7C01-91E122784, Amendment No. 3, with the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration (DOE/EIA) to conduct these activities. The objective of the SHOPP program was to collect Pennsylvania-specific price information for residential No. 2 heating oil and propane and transmit this information to DOE/EIA for compilation into its various reports and publications. Under the PEO`s cooperative agreement with DOE/EIA, prices were collected on the first and third Mondays of each month, starting on October 3, 1994, and extending through March 20, 1995. Prices were obtained via telephone calls made by PEO staff. For each heating oil distributor in the survey sample, the PEO collected charge prices for a standard delivery quantity of No. 2 heating oil. For propane, dealers were requested to provide the price for a customer using between one thousand and fifteen hundred gallons of fuel during the heating season. The PEO agreed to forward the survey results to the DOE/EIA within three days of the date of each survey. DOE/EIA`s responsibility was to compile the data from all states and distribute a bi-weekly report. In addition, DOE/EIA took responsibility for the collection of primary stock information for No. 2 heating oil.

  1. An Urban Parameterization for a Global Climate Model. Part II: Sensitivity to Input Parameters and the Simulated Urban Heat Island in Offline Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oleson, Keith W.; Bonan, Gordon B.; Feddema, Johannes J.; Vertenstein, M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tempera- tures of urban systems as impervious fraction increases. In general, these findings are in agreement with those observed for real urban ecosystems. Thus, the model appears to be a useful tool for examining the nature of the urban climate within... of the physical processes controlling energy and water fluxes and 2) the charac- terization of urban morphology and urban materials with respect to aerodynamic, radiative, and heat trans- fer properties (e.g., Terjung and O’Rourke 1980; Arn- field 2000; Masson...

  2. Michigan residential heating oil and propane price survey: 1995--1996 heating season. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moriarty, C.

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes the results of a survey of residential No. 2 distillate fuel (home heating oil) and liquefied petroleum gas (propane) prices over the 1995--1996 heating season in Michigan. The Michigan`s Public Service Commission (MPSC) conducted the survey under a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Energy`s (DOE) Energy Information Administration (EIA). This survey was funded in part by a grant from the DOE. From October 1995 through March 1996, the MPSC surveyed participating distributors by telephone for current residential retail home heating oil and propane prices. The MPSC transmitted the data via a computer modem to the EIA using the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). Survey results were published in aggregate on the MPSC World Wide Web site at http://ermisweb.state.mi.us/shopp. The page was updated with both residential and wholesale prices immediately following the transmission of the data to the EIA. The EIA constructed the survey using a sample of Michigan home heating oil and propane retailers. The sample accounts for different sales volumes, geographic location, and sources of primary supply.

  3. State of Maine residential heating oil survey: 1994--1995 Season summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 1994--95 heating season approached with more attention to petroleum products than experienced in some time. This year, however, the focus was on transportation fuels with the introduction of reformulated gasolines scheduled for the first of 1995. Last year transportation fuels had been in the spotlight in the Northeast as well, for the ills experienced with a new winter mix for diesel fuel. Would RFG have the same dubious entrance as diesel`s winter mix? Would RFG implementation work and what effect would the change in stocks have on the refineries? With worries related to transportation fuels being recognized, would there be reason for concern with heating fuels? As the new year approached, the refineries seemed to have no problem with supplies and RFG stocks were eased in about the second week of December. In Maine, the southern half of the state was effected by the gasoline substitution but seven of Maine`s sixteen counties were directed to follow the recommended criteria. Since the major population concentration lies in the southern three counties, concern was real. Attention paid to emission testing had come to a head in the fall, and RFG complaints were likely. There have been years when snow and cold arrived by Thanksgiving Day. In northern Maine, snow easily covers the ground before the SHOPP survey begins. The fall slipped by with no great shocks in the weather. December was more of the same, as the weather continued to favor the public. Normally the third week in January is considered the coldest time in the year, but not this year. By the end of January, two days were recorded as being more typical of winter. By March and the end of the survey season, one could only recognize that there were perhaps a few cold days this winter. Fuel prices fluctuated little through the entire heating season. There were no major problems to report and demand never placed pressure on dealers.