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1

HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE VARIABILITY UNDER MOON, MARS AND ZERO GRAVITY CONDITIONS DURING PARABOLIC FLIGHTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARABOLIC FLIGHTS Wouter Aerts1 , Pieter Joosen1 , Devy Widjaja1,2 , Carolina Varon1,2 , Steven Vandeput1 Leuven, Belgium, Email: andre.aubert@med.kuleuven.be ABSTRACT Gravity changes during partial-G parabolic to reduce postflight orthostatic intolerance. Key words: parabolic flight; heart rate; blood pressure

2

Three-dimensional structure of the Martian nightside ionosphere: Predicted rates of impact ionization from Mars Global Surveyor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at present. Using a kinetic approach called Mars Monte Carlo Electron Transport, we model the dynamics 110° was 5 ? 103 cm-3 , a factor of 20­40 belo

Fillingim, Matthew

3

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Planning & Projects Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates You are here: SN Home page > Power Marketing > RATES Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current Rates Power Revenue Requirement Worksheet (FY 2014) (Oct 2013 - Sep 2014) (PDF - 30K) PRR Notification Letter (Sep 27, 2013) (PDF - 959K) FY 2012 FP% True-Up Calculations(PDF - 387K) Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) PRR Forecast FY14-FY17 (May 23, 2013) (PDF - 100K) Forecasted Transmission Rates (May 2013) (PDF - 164K) Past Rates 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 Historical CVP Transmission Rates (April 2013) (PDF - 287K) Rate Schedules Power - CV-F13 - CPP-2 Transmission - CV-T3 - CV-NWT5 - PACI-T3 - COTP-T3 - CV-TPT7 - CV-UUP1 Ancillary - CV-RFS4 - CV-SPR4 - CV-SUR4 - CV-EID4 - CV-GID1 Federal Register Notices - CVP, COTP and PACI

4

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Marketing > RATES Marketing > RATES RATES Current Rates Past Rates 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Rates Schedules Power CV-F13 CPP-2 Transmissions CV-T3 CV-NWT5 PACI-T3 COTP-T3 CV-TPT7 CV-UUP1 Ancillary CV-RFS4 CV-SPR4 CV-SUR4 CV-EID4 CV-GID1 Future and Other Rates SNR Variable Resource Scheduling Charge FY12-FY16 (October 1, 2012) SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K)

5

RATES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RATES RATES Rates Document Library SNR Rates Process Calendar (PDF - 171K) Procedures Informal Process Transmission Action Items List (PDF - 144K) Power Action Item List updated on 4-27-10 (PDF - 155K) Power Action Item List (Quick links to relevant documents) Formal Process Rates Brochure (01/11/2011) (PDF - 900K) Appendix A - Federal Register Notice (01/03/2011) (PDF - 8000K) Appendix B - Central Valley Project Power Repayment Study (PDF - 22,322K) Appendix C - Development of the CVP Cost of Service Study (PDF - 2038K) Appendix D - Western Transmission System Facilities Map (PDF - 274K) Appendix E - Estimated FY12 FP and BR Customer (PDF - 1144K) Appendix F - Forecasted Replacements and Additions FY11 - FY16 (PDF - 491K) Appendix G - Definitions (PDF - 1758K) Appendix H - Acronyms (PDF - 720K)

6

Mars Microprobe Entry Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mars Microprobe mission will provide the first opportunity for subsurface measurements, including water detection, near the south pole of Mars. In this paper, performance of the Microprobe aeroshell design is evaluated through development of a six-degree-of-freedom ...

Braun R.D.; Mitcheltree R.A.; Cheatwood F.M.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Gamma Radiation Dose Rate in Air due to Terrestrial Radionuclides in Southern Brazil: Synthesis by Geological Units and Lithotypes Covered by the Serra do Mar Sul Aero-Geophysical Project  

SciTech Connect

The absorbed dose rates in air due to terrestrial radionuclides were estimated from aerial gamma spectrometric data for an area of 48,600 km{sup 2} in Southern Brazil. The source data was the Serra do Mar Sul Aero-Geophysical Project back-calibrated in a cooperative work among the Geological Survey of Brazil, the Geological Survey of Canada, and Paterson, Grant and Watson Ltd. The concentrations of eU (ppm), eTh (ppm) and K (%) were converted to dose rates in air (nGy{center_dot}h{sup -1}) by accounting for the contribution of each element's concentration. Regional variation was interpreted according to lithotypes and a synthesis was performed according to the basic geological units present in the area. Higher values of total dose were estimated for felsic igneous and metamorphic rocks, with average values varying up to 119{+-}24 nGy{center_dot}h{sup -1}, obtained by Anitapolis syenite body. Sedimentary, metasedimentary and metamafic rocks presented the lower dose levels, and some beach deposits reached the lowest average total dose, 18.5{+-}8.2 nGy{center_dot}h{sup -1}. Thorium gives the main average contribution in all geological units, the highest value being reached by the nebulitic gneisses of Atuba Complex, 71{+-}23 nGy{center_dot}h{sup -1}. Potassium presents the lowest average contribution to dose rate in 53 of the 72 units analyzed, the highest contribution being obtained by intrusive alkaline bodies (28{+-}12 nGy{center_dot}h{sup -1}). The general pattern of geographic dose distribution respects well the hypotheses on geo-physicochemical behavior of radioactive elements.

Bastos, Rodrigo O.; Appoloni, Carlos R. [Applied Nuclear Physics Laboratory-Department of Physics-CCE State University of Londrina Campus Universitario-Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid s/n, Cx. Postal 6001, CEP 86051-990, Londrina, PR (Brazil); Pinese, Jose P. P. [Department of Geosciences-CCE State University of Londrina Campus Universitario-Rodovia Celso Garcia Cid s/n, Cx. Postal 6001, CEP 86051-990, Londrina, PR (Brazil)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

8

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Feb '12 to Mar '12: -5.1% Feb '12 to Mar '12: -5.1% Mar '11 to Mar '12: -7.0% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -3.9% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* F b '12 t M '12 4 1% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '12 to Mar '12: 0.4% Mar '11 to Mar '12: -2.2% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.8% Prime Supplier Report March 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb '12 to Mar '12: 9.0% Mar '11 to Mar '12: 2.0%

9

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Feb'13 to Mar'13: -3.4% Feb'13 to Mar'13: -3.4% Mar'12 to Mar'13: 4.1% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 2.7% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* F b'13 t M '13 1 8% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb'13 to Mar'13: 1.5% Mar'12 to Mar'13: 0.6% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 0.7% Prime Supplier Report March 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Feb'13 to Mar'13: 7.6% Mar'12 to Mar'13: -1.5%

10

Status of MARS Code  

SciTech Connect

Status and recent developments of the MARS 14 Monte Carlo code system for simulation of hadronic and electromagnetic cascades in shielding, accelerator and detector components in the energy range from a fraction of an electronvolt up to 100 TeV are described. these include physics models both in strong and electromagnetic interaction sectors, variance reduction techniques, residual dose, geometry, tracking, histograming. MAD-MARS Beam Line Build and Graphical-User Interface.

N.V. Mokhov

2003-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

11

Optimization Online - Approximate Primal Solutions and Rate ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 29, 2007... limit as the number of subgradient iterations increases to infinity). Furthermore, no convergence rate results are known for these algorithms.

12

HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HPSS HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22 HPSS Outage Tue Mar 19 - Fri Mar 22 March 12, 2013 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) The NERSC HPSS "User" system (archive.nersc.gov) will be down for four days from Tue Mar 19 07:00 to Fri Mar 22 17:00). The system will be upgraded from HPSS version 6.2 to version 7.3. This new version of the HPSS server software is not compatible with current GridFTP servers. This means the NERSC HPSS systems will not support any grid-based transfer methods (including GlobusOnline) following the upgrade. We expect to install a fix for this problem during a scheduled downtime by the end of April. This is a major upgrade that will require users of the HPSS User system to switch to new versions of the HPSS client software tools hsi and htar.

13

MARS Flight Engineering Status  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Multi-sensor Airborne Radiation Survey Flight Engineering project (MARS FE) has designed a high purity germanium (HPGe) crystal array for conducting a wide range of field measurements. In addition to the HPGe detector system, a platform-specific shock and vibration isolation system and environmental housing have been designed to support demonstration activities in a maritime environment on an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV). This report describes the status of the equipment as of the end of FY09.

Fast, James E.; Dorow, Kevin E.; Morris, Scott J.; Thompson, Robert C.; Willett, Jesse A.

2010-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

14

What to Pack for Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

De Weck, O.L. What to Pack for Mars. Spectrum, IEEE 46.6 (2009): 39. 2009 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

De Weck, Olivier L.

15

MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAR Background Report MAR Background Report: Indigenous Protest in Brazil Hundreds of indigenous people demonstrated at the National Congress in Brasilia, capital of Brazil, following the announcement in the 1990s in the midst of extensive protests in Brazil and around the world. On February 8, an indigenous

Milchberg, Howard

16

MARS15 overview  

SciTech Connect

MARS15 is a Monte Carlo code for inclusive and exclusive simulation of three-dimensional hadronic and electromagnetic cascades, muon, heavy-ion, and low-energy neutron transport in accelerator, detector, spacecraft, and shielding components in the energy range from a fraction of an electronvolt up to 100 TeV. Main features of the code are described in this paper with a focus on recent developments and benchmarking. Newest developments concern inclusive and exclusive nuclear event generators, extended particle list in both modes, heavy-ion capability, electromagnetic interactions, enhanced geometry, tracking, histogramming and residual dose modules, improved graphical-user interface, and other external interfaces.

Mokhov, N.V.; Striganov, S.I.; /Fermilab

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Mars Background Information General Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the astronauts from radiation exposure. Terrain Mars has widely varied terrain. Primary challenges include dust to the planet will be successful. These challenges include: dust, radiation, atmosphere, and terrain. Dust Dust for explorers on Mars. First, oxygen will have to be brought whether fuel cells or internal combustion engines

Dennis, Robert G.

18

Water for future Mars astronauts?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water for future Mars astronauts? Water for future Mars astronauts? Water for future Mars astronauts? Within its first three months on Mars, NASA's Curiosity Rover saw a surprising diversity of soils and sediments along a half-kilometer route that tell a complex story about the gradual desiccation of the Red Planet. September 26, 2013 This image shows two areas on Mars in a location named Rocknest that were scooped out by the Curiosity Rover last year. Researchers took samples of the areas to determine whether they were wetter underneath or whether they dried out after scooping. Researchers found that soil moisture was consistent at the surface and underneath. Nevertheless, there is a small amount of water in the soil that astronauts might be able to use to sustain themselves. These finding and others are outlined in a series of papers appearing today in the Journal "Science." (Image credit: NASA)

19

Gradient methods for convex minimization: better rates under ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 20, 2013 ... Gradient methods for convex minimization: better rates under weaker conditions. Hui Zhang(hhuuii.zhang ***at*** gmail.com)

20

Gamma Radiation Dose Rate in Air due to Terrestrial Radionuclides in Southern Brazil: Synthesis by Geological Units and Lithotypes Covered by the Serra do Mar Sul Aero?Geophysical Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The absorbed dose rates in air due to terrestrial radionuclides were estimated from aerial gamma spectrometric data for an area of 48

Rodrigo O. Bastos; Carlos R. Appoloni; Jos P. P. Pinese

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Mars mission laser tool heads to JPL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mars mission laser tool Mars mission laser tool Mars mission laser tool heads to JPL Curiosity will carry the newly delivered laser instrument to reveal which elements are present in Mars' rocks and soils. September 21, 2010 A bright ball of plasma is produced by ChemCam's invisible laser beam striking a rock within the Mars sample chamber. A bright ball of plasma is produced by ChemCam's invisible laser beam striking a rock within the Mars sample chamber. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "ChemCam will act as a geochemical observatory, providing composition data to understand if Mars was, is, or will be a habitable world." Star Wars photon gun will give Mars rover hands-free rock ID LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, September 21, 2010-The ChemCam instrument has

22

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress in a two year study of a 1200 MWe commercial tandem mirror reactor (MARS - Mirror Advanced Reactor Study) has reached the point where major reactor system technologies are identified. New design features of the magnets, blankets, plug heating systems and direct converter are described. With the innovation of radial drift pumping to maintain low plug density, reactor recirculating power fraction is reduced to 20%. Dominance of radial ion and impurity losses into the halo permits gridless, circular direct converters to be dramatically reduced in size. Comparisons of MARS with the Starfire tokamak design are made.

Logan, B.G.

1983-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

23

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar '12 to Apr '12: -0.3% Mar '12 to Apr '12: -0.3% Apr '11 to Apr '12: -0.9% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -3.2% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* M '12 t A '12 1 7% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Mar '12 to Apr '12: 0.1% Apr '11 to Apr '12: -2.4% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -2.0% Prime Supplier Report April 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Mar '12 to Apr '12: -12.8% Apr '11 to Apr '12: 6.8%

24

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mar '13 to Apr '13: 1.8% Mar '13 to Apr '13: 1.8% Apr '13 to Apr '13: 6.2% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 3.6% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* M '13 t A '13 5 4% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Mar '13 to Apr '13: 1.7% Apr '12 to Apr '13: 1.6% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 0.9% Prime Supplier Report April 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Mar '13 to Apr '13: -13.1% Apr '12 to Apr '13: -9.8%

25

Curiosity rover zaps Mars for life signs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Curiosity rover zaps Mars for life signs Curiosity rover zaps Mars for life signs Mars rover depends on three LANL technologies Curiosity zaps Mars for vital signs: Designed by Lab team, ChemCam looks for crucial elements such as carbon, nitrogen and oxygen. July 30, 2012 Curiosity rover zapping rocks on Mars Power up! The third part of the "LANL Visits Mars" trio is an essential component of the heat-producing Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator unit. It powers the rover and keeps the instruments from freezing solid Martian: the average temperature on Mars is well below freezing. Get Expertise Project Lead, ChemCam Roger Wiens Space and Remote Sensing Email For five nanoseconds at a time, ChemCam's laser packs the energy of a million light bulbs into a spot the size of a pinhead

26

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 4,100 4,400 4,700 5,000 5,300 5,600 5,900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: 2.5% Aug '12 to Aug '13: -1.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.5% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jul '13 to Aug '13: -0.8%

27

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Adjusted Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% U.S. Distillate Fuel Sales 3,000 3,500 4,000 4,500 5,000 5,500 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -7.4% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -0.1% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -0.1% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -16.8% Jan '99 to Jan '00: -3.2% YTD '99 to YTD '00: -3.2% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1998 1999 2000 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul

28

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Nov '99 to Dec '99: +5.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +8.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.0% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +6.0% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +4.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '99 to Dec '99: +32.3% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +2.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +5.5%

29

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% July '99 to Aug. '99: +4.7% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +1.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -1.9% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* July '99 to Aug. '99: +22.3% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: +21.1%

30

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Aug '99 to Sep '99: +4.9% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.7% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.4% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.3% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '99 to Sep '99: +7.3% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +8.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +8.3%

31

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Oct '99 to Nov '99: +0.1% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +5.5% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.5% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: -0.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +1.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '99 to Nov '99: +9.7% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +2.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.2%

32

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

June '99 to July '99: -5.4% June '99 to July '99: -5.4% July '98 to July '99: +3.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.3% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: -0.5% July '98 to July '99: -0.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.1% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* June '99 to July '99: +1.5% July '98 to July '99: +10.2% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +7.2%

33

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Sep '99 to Oct '99: +3.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: +2.3% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +4.4% U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -0.2% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.9% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +1.0% U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales 1,500 1,600 1,700 1,800 1,900 2,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons 1997 1998 1999 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '99 to Oct '99: -2.1% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -6.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +6.6%

34

Dark algae, life on Mars?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dark algae, life on Mars? Dark algae, life on Mars? Name: Jungle Fever Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I'm probably writing this is vain since my numerous other notes weren't answered, but here goes. Does anyone out there know anything about the dark algae found in Siberia (or Antarctica, I don't remember which) or the primitive microbes found by Chris McKay that were revived by a drop of water? Also, can this concept be applied to the possibility of life on Mars? I'd also appreciate any information on extraterrestrial microorganisms or life forms. Much thanks. Replies: I don't know specifically about the algae that you mention. However, I do know that there are several kinds of algae that go into a sexual reproductive state in response to adverse conditions often including high temperatures or lack of moisture. This sexual phase results in formation of a fertilized zygote which becomes dormant until conditions are optimum for growth. This usually involves water - so a drop of water could initiate growth of the new alga, and it could reproduce asexually quite rapidly, until conditions trigger the sexual phase again. I see no reason why such a growth pattern couldn't apply to life on Mars or anywhere else. There isn't much information, as far as I'm aware, regarding extraterrestrial life. So far, none has been found, but it is likely, statistically, that there is some out there, somewhere. The SETI program (Search for extraterrestrial intelligence), funded in part by the Planetary Society, is trying to find higher forms of life by doing radio searches.

35

MAR flow mapping of Analytical Chemistry Operations (Preliminary Report)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently released Supplemental Directive, NA-1 SD 1027, updates the radionuclide threshold values in DOE-STD-1027-92 CN1 to reflect the use of modern parameters for dose conversion factors and breathing rates. The directive also corrects several arithmetic errors within the original standard. The result is a roughly four-fold increase in the amount of weapons-grade nuclear material allowed within a designated radiological facility. Radiological laboratory space within the recently constructed Radiological Laboratory Office and Utility Building (RLUOB) is slated to house selected analytical chemistry support activities in addition to small-scale actinide R&D activities. RLUOB is within the same facility operations envelope as TA-55. Consolidation of analytical chemistry activities to RLUOB and PF-4 offers operational efficiency improvements relative to the current pre-CMRR plans of dividing these activities between RLUOB, PF-4, and CMR. RLUOB is considered a Radiological Facility under STD-1027 - 'Facilities that do not meet or exceed Category 3 threshold criteria but still possess some amount of radioactive material may be considered Radiological Facilities.' The supplemental directive essentially increases the allowable material-at-risk (MAR) within radiological facilities from 8.4 g to 38.6 g for {sup 239}Pu. This increase in allowable MAR provides a unique opportunity to establish additional analytical chemistry support functions in RLUOB without negatively impacting either R&D activities or facility operations. Individual radiological facilities are tasked to determine MAR limits (up to the Category 3 thresholds) appropriate to their operational conditions. This study presents parameters that impact establishing MAR limits for RLUOB and an assessment of how various analytical chemistry support functions could operate within the established MAR limits.

Barr, Mary E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Farish, Thomas J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

36

Mar., 1955 GASIFICATIONOF CARBONRODSWITH CARBONDIOXIDE 241 GASIFICATION OF CARBON RODS WITH CARBON DIOXIDE1*2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar., 1955 GASIFICATIONOF CARBONRODSWITH CARBONDIOXIDE 241 GASIFICATION OF CARBON RODS WITH CARBON commercial carbons and their gasification rates with carbon dioxide at a series of temperatures between 900. No general correlation between these properties and the carbon gasification rates was found. Introduction

37

Recent Enhancements to the MARS15 Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MARS code is under continuous development and has recently undergone substantial improvements that further increase its reliability and predictive power in numerous shielding, accelerator, detector and space applications. The major developments and new features of the MARS15 (2004) version described in this paper concern an extended list of elementary particles and arbitrary heavy ions and their interaction cross-sections, inclusive and exclusive nuclear event generators, module for modelling particle electromagnetic interactions, enhanced geometry and histograming options, improved MAD-MARS Beam Line Builder, enhanced Graphical-User Interface, and an MPI-based parallelization of the code.

N. V. Mokhov; K. K. Gudima; C. C. James; M. A. Kostin; S. G. Mashnik; E. Ng; J. -F. Ostiguy; I. L. Rakhno; A. J. Sierk; S. I. Striganov

2004-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

38

Solar discrepancies : Mars exploration and the curious problem of inter-planetary time  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monterey, California. Solar Discrepancies: Mars explorationCALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Solar discrepancies: Mars explorationOF THE DISSERTATION Solar discrepancies: Mars exploration

Mirmalek, Zara Lenora

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Mars Atmosphere Pressure Periodicities from Viking Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first martian year of pressure data taken by the Viking landers on Mars is subjected to power spectrum analysis. The analysis suggests that strong periodicities are present in the martian atmosphere, especially at the high-latitude (48N) ...

R. D. Sharman; J. A. Ryan

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

A Greenhouse for Mars and Beyond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A detailed design study for a deployable greenhouse for Mars mission is has been completed. The greenhouse has been designed so that it has a life span of at least 20 years

Paul A. Czysz

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '13 to Sep '13: -4.4% Sep '12...

42

BCP Annual Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2013 BCP Annual Rate Process 2013 BCP Annual Rate Process Informal Process Rate Activity Schedule (doc) Informal Customer Meeting Thursday March 6, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms 3&4 Informal Customer Meeting Presentation (Pdf) PRS Executive Summary (Mar 07, 2013) (Pdf) FY2014 Final Ten Year Operating Plan PRS Executive Summary (PDF) FORM for Foreign Visits (doc) Formal Process Initial Federal Register Notice (pdf) Public Information Forum March 27,2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 Customer Meeting Presentation PIF Presentation (PPT) Presentation Details (pdf) Reclamation Fund Status Report PIF PRS Executive Summary (pdf) PIF Transcripts (PDF) Visitor Center Cost Analysis Questions - Responses Public Comment Forum April 10, 2013 at 10:30 A.M. Conf Rms3&4 PCF Transcripts Customer Letters

43

Coregistration of Mars Orbiter Laser Altimeter (MOLA) topography with high-resolution Mars images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spacecraft continue to send back extraordinary amounts of data from Mars leaving scientists with the considerable task of analyzing an ever-increasing wealth of information. There are abundant uses for coregistered topography and images, but coregistering ... Keywords: CTX, HiRISE, MOC, MOLA, Mars, Topography

Kelly J. Kolb; Chris H. Okubo

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: developer Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry developer Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 11:14 Discussion developer Utility rate change propagation is now much faster Rmckeel 1 21 Mar 2013 - 09:11 Blog entry developer OpenEI maintenance March 8-9, 2013 Rmckeel 8 Mar 2013 - 14:23 Blog entry developer Semantic Mediawiki Semantic Forms update Rmckeel 22 Oct 2012 - 07:23 Discussion developer Increasing ask query limit Rmckeel 1 28 Jun 2012 - 14:35 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank...

45

Integration of a testbed for examining the interaction of Mars rover wheels with a Mars soil simulant  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integration and experimental testing was performed on a testbed for examining the interaction of Mars rover wheels with a Mars soil simulant. The testbed included a horizontal carriage that had a encoder to measure the ...

Okafor, Chiedozie A. (Chiedozie Arinze)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

23-Oct-2001 (Updated 28-Mar-2002)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

23-Oct-2001 (Updated 28-Mar-2002) 23-Oct-2001 (Updated 28-Mar-2002) J. F. Muratore Brookhaven National Lab D1L105 QUENCH SUMMARY Magcool Bay E ________________________________________________________________________________ QUENCH RUN CURRENT T(in) T(out) START MIITS COIL COMMENTS # # (A) (K) (K) (ms) ________________________________________________________________________________ T = 4.5K (nom) Bore tube sealed 1 18 5477 4.555 4.701 -82 11.6 lower 2 19 6472 4.572 4.691 -47 11.5 lower 3 20 5955 4.550 4.705 -60 11.5 lower 4 21 6191 4.560 4.689 -55 11.6 lower

47

Remote Sensing of Chiral Signatures on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe circular polarization as a remote sensing diagnostic of chiral signatures which may be applied to Mars. The remarkable phenomenon of homochirality provides a unique biosignature which can be amenable to remote sensing through circular polarization spectroscopy. The natural tendency of microbes to congregate in close knit communities would be beneficial for such a survey. Observations of selected areas of the Mars surface could reveal chiral signatures and hence explore the possibility of extant or preserved biological material. We describe a new instrumental technique that may enable observations of this form.

Sparks, William; Germer, Thomas A; Robb, Frank; Kolokolova, Ludmilla

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Atmospheric Heat Engines on Earth and Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The character of the Earth's atmospheric heat engine depends, inter alia, on the relatively tight linkage between surface fluxes of energy and of H20. On Mars, on the other hand, H2O-based latent heat fluxes are only a trivial fraction of total ...

J. R. Philip

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Environment and safety: major goals for MARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS) is a conceptual design study for a commercial fusion power reactor. One of the major goals of MARS is to develop design guidance so that fusion reactors can meet reasonable expectations for environmental health and safety. One of the first steps in the assessment of health and safety requirements was to examine what the guidelines might be for health and safety in disposal of radioactive wastes from fusion reactors. Then, using these quidelines as criteria, the impact of materials selection upon generation of radioactive wastes through neutron activation of structural materials was investigated. A conclusion of this work is that fusion power systems may need substantial engineering effort in new materials development and selection to meet the probable publicly acceptable levels of radioactivity for waste disposal in the future.

Maninger, R.C.

1983-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

50

Nuclear Systems Powering a Mission to Mars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Powering a Mission to Mars Systems Powering a Mission to Mars Nuclear Systems Powering a Mission to Mars November 28, 2011 - 11:23am Addthis Radioisotope Power Systems, a strong partnership between the Energy Department's Office of Nuclear Energy and NASA, has been providing the energy for deep space exploration. Assistant Secretary Lyons Assistant Secretary Lyons Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Curiosity Mission: investigate whether the Gale Crater on Mars has ever offered environmental conditions that support the development of microbial life. This past weekend, the Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity launched from Cape Canaveral with the most advanced payload of scientific gear ever used on the red planet. Its mission: to investigate whether the Gale Crater on Mars has ever

51

Mar_13Times.indd  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MARCH 2013 MARCH 2013 inside this issue ... FIRP draws to a close Page 2 Reminisce: Y-12 turns 70 Page 4 Russia's secret city Page 5 Development retools its CONOPS Page 6 ... and other Y-12 news Miss an issue? Find us online, http://www.y12.doe.gov/news/times.php MISSION, cont. on pg. 2 The National Nuclear Security Administration's Performance Evaluation Report for B&W Y-12, released Feb. 11, gave "Very Good" ratings to B&W Y-12 in areas related to all three core missions: maintaining the nuclear weapons stockpile, powering the nuclear Navy and nonproliferation. The report evaluates B&W Y-12's performance based on the Performance Evaluation Plan approved at the beginning of fi scal 2012. Programs The Y-12 Times highlighted the success of fi

52

Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Affairs Media Contact: 202-586-4940 For Immediate Release: Monday, November 28, 2011 Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover 2011 Marks 50th Anniversary of...

53

The Impact of Solar Particle Events on Radiation Risk for Human Explorers of Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

data to MGS ER data. Sun Earth Mars Solar Event Begins within the literature. Sun Earth Mars Solar Event Begins with X-versus the solar cycle and the Earth-Sun-Mars (ESM) angle.

Gorguinpour, Camron Saul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Rate Schedules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate...

55

MICROBIOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REVIEWS, Mar.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MICROBIOLOGY MICROBIOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REVIEWS, Mar. 2009, p. 62-70 Vol. 73, No. 1 1092-2172/09/$08.00ϩ0 doi:10.1128/MMBR.00028-08 Copyright © 2009, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Environmental Proteomics: a Paradigm Shift in Characterizing Microbial Activities at the Molecular Level Martin Keller 1 * and Robert Hettich 2 Biosciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, 1 and Chemical Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 2 INTRODUCTION .........................................................................................................................................................62 Does Microbial Composition Affect Ecosystem Processes? ................................................................................62 Proteomics

56

Rates - WAPA-137 Rate Order  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

WAPA-137 Rate Order WAPA-137 Rate Order 2009 CRSP Management Center Customer Rates Second Step Presentation from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Handout Materials from the June 25, 2009, Customer Meeting Customer Comment Letters ATEA CREDA Farmington ITCA AMPUA Rate Adjustment Information The second step of WAPA-137 SLCA/IP Firm Power, CRSP Transmission and Ancillary Services rate adjustment. FERC Approval of Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Notice Of Filing for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Letter to Customers regarding the published Notice of Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 Published Extension of Public Process for Rate Order No. WAPA-137 FRN Follow-up Public Information and Comment Forum Flier WAPA-137 Customer Meetings and Rate Adjustment Schedule

57

Dose calculations using MARS for Bremsstrahlung beam stops and collimators in APS beamline stations.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Monte Carlo radiation transport code MARS is used to model the generation of gas bremsstrahlung (GB) radiation from 7-GeV electrons which scatter from residual gas atoms in undulator straight sections within the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring. Additionally, MARS is employed to model the interactions of the GB radiation with components along the x-ray beamlines and then determine the expected radiation dose-rates that result. In this manner, MARS can be used to assess the adequacy of existing shielding or the specifications for new shielding when required. The GB radiation generated in the 'thin-target' of an ID straight section will consist only of photons in a 1/E-distribution up to the full energy of the stored electron beam. Using this analytical model, the predicted GB power for a typical APS 15.38-m insertion device (ID) straight section is 4.59 x 10{sup -7} W/nTorr/mA, assuming a background gas composed of air (Z{sub eff} = 7.31) at room temperature (293K). The total GB power provides a useful benchmark for comparisons between analytical and numerical approaches. We find good agreement between MARS and analytical estimates for total GB power. The extended straight section 'target' creates a radial profile of GB, which is highly peaked centered on the electron beam. The GB distribution reflects the size of the electron beam that creates the radiation. Optimizing the performance of MARS in terms of CPU time per incident trajectory requires the use of a relatively short, high-density gas target (air); in this report, the target density is {rho}L = 2.89 x 10{sup -2} g/cm{sup 2} over a length of 24 cm. MARS results are compared with the contact dose levels reported in TB-20, which used EGS4 for radiation transport simulations. Maximum dose-rates in 1 cc of tissue phantom form the initial basis for comparison. MARS and EGS4 results are approximately the same for maximum 1-cc dose-rates and attenuation in the photon-dominated regions; for thicker targets, however, the dose-rate no longer depends only on photon attenuation, as photoneutrons (PNs) begin to dominate. The GB radiation-induced photoneutron measurements from four different metals (Fe, Cu, W, and Pb) are compared with MARS predictions. The simulated dose-rates for beamline 6-ID are approximately 3-5 times larger than the measured values, whereas those for beamline 11-ID are much closer. Given the uncertainty in local values of pressure and Z, the degree of agreement between MARS and the PN measurements is good. MARS simulations of GB-induced radiation in and around the FOE show the importance of using actual pressure and gas composition (Z{sub eff}) to obtain accurate PN dose. For a beam current of 300 mA, extrapolating pressure data measured in previously published studies predicts an average background gas pressure of 27 nTorr. An average atomic number of Z{sub eff} = 4.0 is obtained from the same studies. In addition, models of copper masks presently in use at the APS are included. Simulations show that inclusion of exit masks make significant differences in both the radiation spatial distribution within the FOE, as well as the peak intensity. Two studies have been conducted with MARS to assess shielding requirements. First, dose levels in contact with the outside wall of the FOE are examined when GB radiation strikes Pb or W beam stops of varying transverse size within the FOE. Four separate phantom regions are utilized to measure the dose, two at beam elevation and two at the horizontal beam position. The first two phantoms are used for scoring FOE dose along the outside and back walls, horizontally; the second two collect dose on the roof and vertically on the back wall. In all cases, the beam stop depth is maintained at 30 cm. Inclusion of front end (FE) exit masks typically cause a 1-2 order-of-magnitude increase in the dose-rates relative to the case with no masks. Masks place secondary bremsstrahlung sources inside the FOE, and therefore they must be shielded appropriately. The MARS model does not fully account for all shielding present

Dooling, J.; Accelerator Systems Division (APS)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

CO2 Condensation in Baroclinic Eddies on Early Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The efficacy of a cloud-radiative feedback on early Mars is reexamined in the context of the theory of baroclinic waves in midlatitudes. The feedback has been proposed to explain fluvial features on the surface of Mars. The radiativeconvective ...

Jude S. Sabato

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Powering Curiosity: Lab Tech Goes to Mars | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Curiosity: Lab Tech Goes to Mars Curiosity: Lab Tech Goes to Mars Powering Curiosity: Lab Tech Goes to Mars August 6, 2012 - 9:14am Addthis One of the first images taken by NASA's Curiosity rover was taken on the left-rear side of the rover looking directly into the sun. | Photo courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech. One of the first images taken by NASA's Curiosity rover was taken on the left-rear side of the rover looking directly into the sun. | Photo courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech. Michael Hess Michael Hess Former Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? Curiosity will perform 10 experiments over two years to determine whether Mars supports life or has in the past. This morning at 1:31 EDT the Mars rover Curiosity touched down on the Red Planet after a daredevil descent to begin its mission exploring a vast

60

Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Abstract Claritas rise is a prominent ancient (Noachian) center of tectonism identified through investigation of comprehensive paleotectonic information of the western hemisphere of Mars. This center is interpreted to be the result of magmatic-driven activity, including uplift and associated tectonism, as well as possible hydrothermal activity. Coupled with its ancient stratigraphy, high density of impact craters, and complex structure, a possible magnetic signature may indicate that it formed during an ancient period of Mars' evolution, such as when the dynamo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '13 to May '13: -3.1% May '13 to May '13: 0.3% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 2.9% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* A '13 t M '13 0 7% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '13 to May '13: 1.6% May '12 to May '13: 0.9% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 0.9% Prime Supplier Report May 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '13 to May '13: -3.2% May '12 to May '13: -3.8%

62

Microsoft Word - Appendix A (Mar-11 redux)  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Sampling Summary and Descriptive Statistics for Sampling Summary and Descriptive Statistics for Floodplain Monitoring Wells This page intentionally left blank U.S. Department of Energy Annual Performance Report, Shiprock, New Mexico December 2010 Doc. No. S06815 Page A-1 Table A-1. Summary of Floodplain Locations Sampled, September 2009-March 2010 Well ID ZOC Area Sampling Water Levels Comments/Notes Sep-09 Mar-10 Sep-09 Mar-10 0608 KM S-SE FP X X X X Base of escarpment 0610 AL S-SE FP X X X X Base of escarpment 0611 AL S-SE FP X X X X Base of escarpment 0612 AL S-SE FP X X X X 0614 AL S-SE FP X X X X Base of escarpment 0615 AL Trench 1 X X X X River side of trench 0618 AL Central FP X X X X 0619 AL Central FP X X X X 0622 AL Central FP X X X X 0623 AL Central FP X X X X 0625 AL Central FP X X X X

63

Energy Rating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consistent, accurate, and uniform ratings based on a single statewide rating scale Reasonable estimates of potential utility bill savings and reliable recommendations on cost-effective measures to improve energy efficiency Training and certification procedures for home raters and quality assurance procedures to promote accurate ratings and to protect consumers Labeling procedures that will meet the needs of home buyers, homeowners, renters, the real estate industry, and mortgage lenders with an interest in home energy ratings

Cabec Conference; Rashid Mir P. E

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Insertion Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

HOME > Insertion Rates. TECH HEADLINES. Research Explores a New Layer in Additive Manufacturin... Grand Opening Slated for Electron Microscopy Facility.

65

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

May '13 to Jun '13: -2.1% May '13 to Jun '13: -2.1% Jun '13 to Jun '13: -2.8% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.9% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* M '13 t J '13 1 1% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '13 to Jun '13: 0.4% Jun '12 to Jun '13: -0.9% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 0.6% Prime Supplier Report June 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* May '13 to Jun '13: 13.6% Jun '12 to Jun '13: -0.1%

66

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan '12 to Feb '12: -0.7% Jan '12 to Feb '12: -0.7% Feb '11 to Feb '12: -3.1% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -2.2% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* J '12 t F b '12 1 4% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '12 to Feb '12: 5.2% Feb '11 to Feb '12: -1.2% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.6% Prime Supplier Report February 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan '12 to Feb '12: -5.1% Feb '11 to Feb '12: -6.3%

67

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '12 to Sep '12: -5.3% Aug '12 to Sep '12: -5.3% Sep '11 to Sep '12: -5.7% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.5% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* A '12 t S '12 9 7% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '12 to Sep '12: -5.2% Sep '11 to Sep '12: -4.9% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.9% Prime Supplier Report September 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '12 to Sep '12: -5.1% Sep '11 to Sep '12: -5.2%

68

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Aug '13 to Sep '13: -2.1% Aug '13 to Sep '13: -2.1% Sep '12 to Sep '13: 2.1% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.6% 1,800 1,900 2,000 Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '13 to Sep '13: -4.4% Sep '12 to Sep '13: 1.1% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 0.6% Prime Supplier Report September 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Aug '13 to Sep '13: 23.3% Sep '12 to Sep '13: -9.7%

69

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jun '12 to Jul '12: -4.2% Jun '12 to Jul '12: -4.2% Jul '11 to Jul '12: 2.2% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.2% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 of Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* J '12 t J l '12 0 6% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '12 to Jul '12: -2.5% Jul '11 to Jul '12: -1.7% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.3% Prime Supplier Report July 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jun '12 to Jul '12: 4.0% Jul '11 to Jul '12: 17.5%

70

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dec '11 to Jan '12: 1.6% Dec '11 to Jan '12: 1.6% Jan '11 to Jan '12: -1.4% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.4% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* D '11 t J '12 1 1% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '11 to Jan '12: -8.5% Jan '11 to Jan '12: -2.0% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -2.0% Prime Supplier Report January 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '11 to Jan '12: 2.9% Jan '11 to Jan '12: -8.2%

71

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dec '12 to Jan '13: 10.1% Dec '12 to Jan '13: 10.1% Jan '12 to Jan '13: 1.9% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.9% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* D '12 t J '13 4 0% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '12 to Jan '13: -2.1% Jan '12 to Jan '13: 1.8% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 1.8% Prime Supplier Report January 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2011 2012 2013 Adjusted Growth Rates* Dec '12 to Jan '13: 6.0% Jan '12 to Jan '13: -13.9%

72

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nov '11 to Dec '11: -5.0% Nov '11 to Dec '11: -5.0% Dec '10 to Dec '11: -3.7% YTD '10 to YTD '11: 0.4% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* N '11 t D '11 0 8% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2009 2010 2011 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '11 to Dec '11: 0.4% Dec '10 to Dec '11: -0.8% YTD '10 to YTD '11: -2.8% Prime Supplier Report December 2011 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2009 2010 2011 Adjusted Growth Rates* Nov '11 to Dec '11: 8.4% Dec '10 to Dec '11: -9.5%

73

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oct '12 to Nov '12: -2.7% Oct '12 to Nov '12: -2.7% Nov '11 to Nov '12: -3.9% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.6% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* O t '12 t N '12 0 3% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '12 to Nov '12: -2.2% Nov '11 to Nov '12: -3.2% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.9% Prime Supplier Report November 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Oct '12 to Nov '12: 6.4% Nov '11 to Nov '12: -12.4%

74

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr '12 to May '12: 2.1% Apr '12 to May '12: 2.1% May '11 to May '12: 3.0% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.9% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* A '12 t M '12 0 4% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '12 to May '12: 2.3% May'11 to May '12: 0.3% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.5% Prime Supplier Report May 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Apr '12 to May '12: -11.1% May'11 to May '12: -2.9%

75

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '12 to Oct '12: 9.9% Sep '12 to Oct '12: 9.9% Oct '11 to Oct '12: 0.4% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.4% 1 700 1,800 1,900 2,000 f Gallons U.S. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales Adjusted Growth Rates* S '12 t O t '12 0 0% 8,000 9,000 10,000 11,000 12,000 13,000 14,000 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Motor Gasoline Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '12 to Oct '12: 2.8% Oct '11 to Oct '12: -1.3% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -1.8% Prime Supplier Report October 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan. '99 to Feb. '99: -1.7% Feb. '98 to Feb. '99: +19.8% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +15.0% 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions of Gallons U.S. Residual Fuel Sales 2010 2011 2012 Adjusted Growth Rates* Sep '12 to Oct '12: -3.8% Oct '11 to Oct '12: -18.7%

76

Rate schedule  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Firm Power Service Provided by Rate/Charges Rate/Charges Effective Through (or until superceded) Firm Sales (SLIP-F9) Composite Rate SLIP 29.62 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Demand Charge SLIP $5.18/kW-month 9/30/2015 Energy Charge SLIP 12.19 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) SLIP 0 mills/kWh 9/30/2015 Transmission Service Provided by Current Rates effective10/12 - 9/15 (or until superceded) Rate Schedule Effective Through Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-PTP7) CRSP $1.14 per kW-month $13.69/kW-year $0.00156/kW-hour $0.04/kW-day $0.26/kW-week 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Network Integration Transmission (SP-NW3) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Non-Firm Point-to-Point Transmission (SP-NFT6) CRSP see rate schedule 10/1/2008-9/30/2015 Ancillary Services Provided by Rate Rate Schedule

77

Roaming Mars and Space: 3D Technology Exploration from Home | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roaming Mars and Space: 3D Technology Exploration from Home Roaming Mars and Space: 3D Technology Exploration from Home Roaming Mars and Space: 3D Technology Exploration from Home November 5, 2013 - 11:55am Addthis Explore Mars and the solar system at mars.webmaker.org. | Courtesy of mars.webmaker.org. Explore Mars and the solar system at mars.webmaker.org. | Courtesy of mars.webmaker.org. Linda Silverman Team Lead, Education and Workforce Development Erin Twamley Project and Web Manager, Education & Workforce Development KEY FACTS The Mars exploration units are 100% free and open source. You can use them in any learning setting - free of charge - and play around with the source code! Kuda is an open-source application for building 3D simulations like

78

3D visualization for the MARS14 Code  

SciTech Connect

A new three-dimensional visualization engine has been developed for the MARS14 code system. It is based on the OPENINVENTOR graphics library and integrated with the MARS built-in two-dimensional Graphical-User Interface, MARS-GUI-SLICE. The integrated package allows thorough checking of complex geometry systems and their fragments, materials, magnetic fields, particle tracks along with a visualization of calculated 2-D histograms. The algorithms and their optimization are described for two geometry classes along with examples in accelerator and detector applications.

Jaroslaw P Rzepecki, Mikhail A Kostin and Nikolai V Mokhov

2003-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

79

Summary of the MARS tandem-mirror reactor design  

SciTech Connect

A recently completed two-year study of a commercial tandem-mirror reactor design (Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS)) is briefly reviewed. The end plugs are designed for trapped-particle stability, MHD ballooning, balanced geodesic curvature, and small radial electric fields in the central cell. New technologies such as lithium-lead blankets, 24 T hybrid coils, gridless direct converters and plasma halo vacuum pumps are highlighted. General characteristics of the MARS tandem mirror and STARFIRE tokamak reactor design are compared. A design of an upgrade of MFTF-B incorporating many of the MARS features is discussed.

Logan, B.G.

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

A Flow-Channel Analysis for the Mars Hopper  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Mars Hopper is an exploratory vehicle designed to fly on Mars using carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere as a rocket propellant. The propellent gasses are thermally heated while traversing a radioisotope ther- mal rocket (RTR) engines core. This core is comprised of a radioisotope surrounded by a heat capacitive material interspersed with tubes for the propellant to travel through. These tubes, or flow channels, can be manu- factured in various cross-sectional shapes such as a special four-point star or the traditional circle. Analytical heat transfer and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) anal- yses were performed using flow channels with either a circle or a star cross- sectional shape. The nominal total inlet pressure was specified at 2,805,000 Pa; and the outlet pressure was set to 2,785,000 Pa. The CO2 inlet tem- perature was 300 K; and the channel wall was 1200 K. The steady-state CFD simulations computed the smooth-walled star shapes outlet temper- ature to be 959 K on the finest mesh. The smooth-walled circles outlet temperature was 902 K. A circle with a surface roughness specification at 0.01 mm gave 946 K and at 0.1 mm yielded 989 K. The The effects of a slightly varied inlet pressure were also examined. The analytical calculations were based on the mass flow rates computed in the CFD simulations and provided significantly higher outlet temperature results while displaying the same comparison trends. Research relating to the flow channel heat transfer studies was also done. Mathematical methods to geometrically match the cross-sectional areas of the circle and star, along with a square and equilateral triangle, were derived. A Wolfram Mathematica 8 module was programmed to analyze CFD results using Richardson Extrapolation and calculate the grid convergence index (GCI). A Mathematica notebook, also composed, computes and graphs the bulk mean temperature along a flow channels length while the user dynam- ically provides the input variables, allowing their effects on the temperature to be more easily observed.

W. Spencer Cooley

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover November 28, 2011 - 2:00pm Addthis The Mars Science Laboratory rover, which launched from Cape Canaveral this weekend, is powered by nuclear systems developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), marking the 28th space mission supported by nuclear energy. This year also marks the 50th anniversary of nuclear-powered space exploration. To commemorate the launch, DOE released a new video highlighting this legacy and the Department's work designing these advanced systems. "For the last 50 years, this technology has supported the peaceful use of nuclear power for space exploration, helping to shape the world's understanding of our solar system," said U.S. Energy Secretary Steven

82

Mars Hill (2006) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mars Hill (2006) Wind Farm Mars Hill (2006) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Mars Hill (2006) Wind Farm Facility Mars Hill (2006) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner UPC Wind Partners Developer UPC Wind Partners Energy Purchaser Confidential Location Aroostook county ME Coordinates 46.551388°, -67.808333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.551388,"lon":-67.808333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

83

MHK Technologies/PSE MAR | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

PSE MAR PSE MAR < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage PSE MAR.png Technology Profile Primary Organization Tecnalia Technology Resource Click here Wave Technology Type Click here Attenuator Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 1 3 Discovery Concept Def Early Stage Dev Design Engineering Technology Description TECNALIA is the coordinator of the most significant Spanish initiative being carried out in the field of marine energy The Special Strategic Marine Energy Project PSE MAR is co funded by the Ministry of Education and Science and aims to position Spain as a world leader in the marine energy sector Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 16:06.3 << Return to the MHK database homepage

84

Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover Energy Department Nuclear Systems Are Powering Mars Rover November 28, 2011 - 12:14pm Addthis Washington, D.C. - The Mars Science Laboratory rover, which launched from Cape Canaveral this weekend, is powered by nuclear systems developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), marking the 28th space mission supported by nuclear energy. This year also marks the 50th anniversary of nuclear-powered space exploration. To commemorate the launch, DOE released a new video highlighting this legacy and the Department's work designing these advanced systems. "For the last 50 years, this technology has supported the peaceful use of nuclear power for space exploration, helping to shape the world's understanding of our solar system," said U.S. Energy Secretary Steven

85

Colorado Oil and Gas Commission - Production Data (Jan - Mar...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Colorado Oil and Gas Commission - Production Data (Jan - Mar 2011) The Colorado Oil and Gas Commission is the place where Colorado oil, gas, and geothermal data is stored and made...

86

NNSA Supports NASA MARS Scientific Laboratory Launch | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Florida. NASA's newest Mars rover is powered by a Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermal Generator made up of just more than 10 pounds of plutionium-238, and NNSA personnel...

87

Mars Science Laboratory on Saturday, Los Alamos National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

from the French space institute IRAP are poised to begin focusing the energy of a million light bulbs on the surface of the Red Planet to help determine whether Mars was or is...

88

LANL Instrument to Shine Light on Mars Habitability | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

from the French space institute IRAP are poised to begin focusing the energy of a million light bulbs on the surface of the red planet to help determine whether Mars was or is...

89

Meteorological Variability and the Annual Surface Pressure Cycle on Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is commonly admitted that the seasonal surface pressure cycle, observed on Mars by the two Viking landers, is due to condensation and sublimation of the atmospheric carbon dioxide in the polar caps. A three Martian year numerical simulation ...

Frdric Hourdin; Phu Le Van; Franois Forget; Olivier Talagrand

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Experimental and Computational Aerothermodynamics of a Mars Entry Vehicle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An aerothermodynamic database has been generated through both experimental testing and computational fluid dynamics simulations for a 70 deg sphere-cone configuration based on the NASA Mars-Pathfinder entry vehicle. The aerothermodynamics of several ...

Hollis Brian R.

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Mars Missions and the Search for...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

me?) Radiation: What is it and how can it affect me? Mars Missions and the Search for Life Dr. Robert Mitcheltree - NASA Langley Research Center February 15, 2000 How engineering...

92

A Mars-back approach to lunar surface operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Vision for Space Exploration initiated a new space exploration program and called for a long term national commitment to space exploration starting with a return to the Moon and continuing with the exploration of Mars ...

Kleinwaks, Howard Neil

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Solar Semidiurnal Tide in the Dusty Atmosphere of Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical coupling due to the solar semidiurnal tide in Mars's atmosphere, and effects on zonal mean temperature and wind structures, are investigated using a numerical model. The model provides self-consistent solutions to the coupled zonal mean ...

Jeffrey M. Forbes; Saburo Miyahara

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Defining the Mars Ascent Problem for Sample Return  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lifting geology samples off of Mars is both a daunting technical problem for propulsion experts and a cultural challenge for the entire community that plans and implements planetary science missions. The vast majority of science spacecraft require propulsive maneuvers that are similar to what is done routinely with communication satellites, so most needs have been met by adapting hardware and methods from the satellite industry. While it is even possible to reach Earth from the surface of the moon using such traditional technology, ascending from the surface of Mars is beyond proven capability for either solid or liquid propellant rocket technology. Miniature rocket stages for a Mars ascent vehicle would need to be over 80 percent propellant by mass. It is argued that the planetary community faces a steep learning curve toward nontraditional propulsion expertise, in order to successfully accomplish a Mars sample return mission. A cultural shift may be needed to accommodate more technical risk acceptance during the technology development phase.

Whitehead, J

2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

95

Design of spacecraft for exploration of the Moon and Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I develop the conceptual design of the spacecraft required for human-Lunar and human-Mars exploration. The requirements for these vehicles are derived in the context of the NASA Concept Exploration & ...

Epps, Brenden P

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Models and Results Database (MAR-D), Version 4. 0  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research (NRC-RES) is presently funding the development of the Models and Results Database (MAR-D) at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory. MAR-D's primary function is to create a data repository for NUREG-1150 and other permanent data by providing input, conversion, and output capabilities for data used by IRRAS, SARA, SETS, and FRANTIC personal computer (PC) codes. As probabilistic risk assessments and individual plant examinations are submitted to the NRC for review, MAR-D can be used to convert the models and results from the study for use with IRRAS and SARA. Then, these data can be easily accessed by future studies and will be in a form that will enhance the analysis process. This reference manual provides an overview of the function available within MAR-D and step-by-step operating instructions.

Branham-Haar, K.A.; Dinneen, R.A.; Russell, K.D.; Skinner, N.L. (EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Infrared Brightness Temperature of Mars, 1983-2103  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The predicted infrared brightness temperature of Mars using the 1976 model of Wright is tabulated here for the period 1983 to 2103. This model was developed for far-infrared calibration, and is still being used for JCMT calibration.

E. L. Wright

2007-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

98

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tariff Rates FY 2014 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2013 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2012 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2011 Rates and Rate Schedules FY 2010 Rates and Rate Schedules FY...

99

Economic Development Benefits of the Mars Hill Wind Farm, Wind Powering America Rural Economic Development, Case Study (Fact Sheet)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This case study summarizes the economic development benefits of the Mars Hill Wind Farm to the community of Mars Hill, Maine. The Mars Hill Wind Farm is New England's first utility-scale wind farm.

Not Available

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Propulsion engineering study for small-scale Mars missions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Rocket propulsion options for small-scale Mars missions are presented and compared, particularly for the terminal landing maneuver and for sample return. Mars landing has a low propulsive {Delta}v requirement on a {approximately}1-minute time scale, but at a high acceleration. High thrust/weight liquid rocket technologies, or advanced pulse-capable solids, developed during the past decade for missile defense, are therefore more appropriate for small Mars landers than are conventional space propulsion technologies. The advanced liquid systems are characterize by compact lightweight thrusters having high chamber pressures and short lifetimes. Blowdown or regulated pressure-fed operation can satisfy the Mars landing requirement, but hardware mass can be reduced by using pumps. Aggressive terminal landing propulsion designs can enable post-landing hop maneuvers for some surface mobility. The Mars sample return mission requires a small high performance launcher having either solid motors or miniature pump-fed engines. Terminal propulsion for 100 kg Mars landers is within the realm of flight-proven thruster designs, but custom tankage is desirable. Landers on a 10 kg scale also are feasible, using technology that has been demonstrated but not previously flown in space. The number of sources and the selection of components are extremely limited on this smallest scale, so some customized hardware is required. A key characteristic of kilogram-scale propulsion is that gas jets are much lighter than liquid thrusters for reaction control. The mass and volume of tanks for inert gas can be eliminated by systems which generate gas as needed from a liquid or a solid, but these have virtually no space flight history. Mars return propulsion is a major engineering challenge; earth launch is the only previously-solved propulsion problem requiring similar or greater performance.

Whitehead, J.

1995-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

FLUKA Simulation of the Radiation Environment on the Surface of Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainties persist regarding the assessment of the carcinogenic risk associated with galactic cosmic ray (GCR) exposure. The GCR spectrum peaks in the range of 300 MeV/n to 700 MeV/n and is comprised of elemental ions from H to Ni. While Fe ions represent only 0.03% of the GCR spectrum in terms of particle abundance, they are responsible for nearly 30% of the dose equivalent in free space. Because of this, radiation biology studies focusing on understanding the biological effects of GCR exposure generally use Fe ions. Acting as a thin shield, the Martian atmosphere alters the GCR spectrum in a manner that significantly reduces the importance of Fe ions. Additionally, albedo particles emanating from the regolith complicate the radiation environment. The present study uses the Monte Carlo code FLUKA to simulate the response of a tissue-equivalent proportional counter on the surface of Mars to produce dosimetry quantities and microdosimetry distributions. The dose equivalent rate on the surface of Mars was found to be 0.18 Sv/y with an average quality factor of 2.9 and a dose mean lineal energy of 18.4 keV/m. Albedo neutrons accounted for 25% of the dose equivalent. Additionally, differential energy spectra were generated in order to determine the fractional contribution to frequency, dose, and dose equivalent for each elemental ion from H to Ni on the surface of Mars. Fe ions were found to account for just 1.3% of the dose equivalent while H and He ions were found to account for 32% and 17%, respectively. It is anticipated that these data will provide relevant benchmarks for use in future risk assessment and mission planning studies.

Northum, Jeremy

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Global distribution of near-surface hydrogen on Mars W. C. Feldman,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equatorial regions if the upper 10 g/cm2 of regolith is desiccated, as suggested on average by comparison: Polar regions; 6225 Planetology: Solar System Objects: Mars; KEYWORDS: composition, glaciation, Mars

Polly, David

103

Engine placement for manned descent at Mars considering single engine failures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous missions to Mars have landed masses of approximately I metric ton on the surface. Vehicles large enough to support humans on the flight to Mars and land them safely on the surface are closer to 100 metric tons, a ...

York, Stephen P. (Stephen Patrick)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Preservation of Martian Organic and Environmental Records: Final Report of the Mars Biosignature Working Group  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) has an instrument package capable of making measurements of past and present environmental conditions. The data generated may tell us if Mars is, or ever was, able to support life. However, ...

Summons, Roger Everett

105

Los Alamos instrument to shine light on Mars habitability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instrument to shine light on Mars habitability Instrument to shine light on Mars habitability Los Alamos instrument to shine light on Mars habitability The robust ChemCam system is one of 10 instruments mounted on the mission's rover vehicle, named Curiosity. November 28, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Contact

106

Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars Environmental Management Scientist Sets His Sights on Mars September 4, 2012 - 3:29pm Addthis Curiosity, left, at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, in late November 2011. Shown here is the flight hardware that was being assembled prior to shipment to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida for the launch. | Photo Credit Dr. Robert C. Nelson Curiosity, left, at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, in late November 2011. Shown here is the flight hardware that was being assembled prior to shipment to Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida for the launch. | Photo Credit Dr. Robert C. Nelson Erin Szulman Erin Szulman Special Assistant, Office of Environmental Management

107

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component for 2011 Firm Power Rates 2010 Rates and Rate Schedule - Current * 2009 Rates and Rate Schedule 2008 Rates and...

108

Mirror Advanced Reactor Study (MARS): executive summary and overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two self-consistent MARS configurations are discussed - a 1200-MWe commercial electricity-generating plant and a synguels-generating plant that produces hydrogen with an energy equivalent to 26,000 barrels of oil per day. The MARS machine emphasizes the attractive features of the tandem mirror concept, including steady-state operation, a small-diameter high-beta plasma, a linear central cell with simple low-maintenance blankets, low first-wall heat fluxes (<10 W/cm/sup 2/), no driven plasma currents or associated disruptions, natural halo impurity diversion, and direct conversion of end-loss charged-particle power. The MARS electric plant produces 2600 MW of fusion power in a 130-m-long central cell. Advanced tandem-mirror plasma-engineering concepts, a high-efficiency liquid lithium-lead (Li/sub 17/Pb/sub 83/) blanket, and efficient direct electrical conversion of end loss power combine to produce a high net plant efficiency of 36%. With a total capital cost of $2.9 billion (constant 1983 dollars), the MARS electric plant produces busbar electricity at approx. 7 cents/kW-hour. The MARS synfuels plant produces 3500 MW of fusion power in a 150-m-long central cell. A helium-gas-cooled silicon carbide pebble-bed blanket provides high-temperature (1000/sup 0/C) heat to a thermochemical water-splitting cycle and the resulting hydrogen is catalytically converted to methanol for distribution. With a total capital cost of $3.6 billion (constant 1983 dollars), the synfuels plant produces methanol fuel at about $1.7/gal. The major features of the MARS reactor include sloshing-ion thermal barrier plugs for efficient plasma confinement, a high efficiency blanket, high-field (24-T) choke cells, drift pumping for trapped plasma species, quasi-optical electron-cyclotron resonant heating (ECRH) systems, and a component gridless direct converter.

Logan, B.G.; Perkins, L.J.; Gordon, J.D.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Mars Hopper: a radioisotope powered, impulse driven, long-range, long-lived mobile platform for exploration of Mars  

SciTech Connect

Planetary exploration mission requirements are becoming more demanding. Due to the increasing cost, the missions that provide mobile platforms that can acquire data at multiple locations are becoming more attractive. Wheeled vehicles such as the MER rovers have proven extremely capable but have very limited range and cannot traverse rugged terrain. Flying vehicles such as balloons and airplanes have been proposed but are problematic due to the very thin atmospheric pressure and the strong, dusty winds present on Mars. The Center for Space Nuclear Research has designed an instrumented platform that can acquire detailed data at hundreds of locations during its lifetime - a Mars Hopper. The Mars Hopper concept utilizes energy from radioisotopic decay in a manner different from any existing radioisotopic power sourcesas a thermal capacitor. By accumulating the heat from radioisotopic decay for long periods, the power of the source can be dramatically increased for short periods. The platform will be able to "hop" from one location to the next every 5-7 days with a separation of 5-10 km per hop. Preliminary designs show a platform that weighs around 52 kgs unfueled which is the condition at deployment. Consequently, several platforms may be deployed on a single launch from Earth. With sufficient lifetime, the entire surface of Mars can be mapped in detail by a couple dozen platforms. In addition, Hoppers can collect samples from all over the planet, including gorges, mountains and crevasses, and deliver them to a central location for eventual pick-up by a Mars Sample Return mission. The status of the Mars Hopper development project at the CSNR is discussed.

Steven D. Howe; Robert C. O'Brien; William Taitano; Doug Crawford; Nathan Jerred; Spencer Cooley; John Crapeau; Steve Hansen; Andrew Klein; James Werner

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

July '99 to Aug. '99: -0.1% Aug. '98 to Aug. '99: -1.4% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.7% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

111

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Oct '99 to Nov '99: +2.5% Nov '98 to Nov '99: +6.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.8% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

112

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sep '99 to Oct '99: -1.9% Oct '98 to Oct '99: -0.7% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.4% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

113

Adjusted Growth Rates* Jan.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dec '99 to Jan '00: -9.3% Jan '99 to Jan '00: +3.5% YTD '99 to YTD '00: +3.5% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

114

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

June '99 to July '99: +0.5% July '98 to July '99: +1.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: -0.3% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

115

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Aug '99 to Sep '99: -2.1% Sep '98 to Sep '99: +4.6% YTD '98 to YTD '99: 0.0% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

116

Adjusted Growth Rates*  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Nov '99 to Dec '99: +2.4% Dec '98 to Dec '99: +3.0% YTD '98 to YTD '99: +0.9% U.S. Propane Sales 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 1,800 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct...

117

HEART RATE AND BLOOD PRESSURE VARIABILITY UNDER MOON, MARS AND ZERO GRAVITY CONDITIONS DURING PARABOLIC FLIGHTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PARABOLIC FLIGHTS Wouter Aerts1 , Pieter Joosen1 , Devy Widjaja1,2 , Carolina Varon1,2 , Steven Vandeput1, Belgium, Email: andre.aubert@med.kuleuven.be ABSTRACT Gravity changes during partial-G parabolic flights requires the understanding of how the CVS adapts to gravity changes. Parabolic flights are one

118

Heavy-lift contributions to a human mission to Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The reference heavy-lift launch vehicle (Ares V) for NASA's Constellation Program served as the Point of Departure for Mars Design Reference Architecture 5.0 (DRA 5.0)1, 2. The Ares V vehicle consists of two 5-segment reusable solid rocket boosters, ...

Tim Monk; Jon Holladay; John Jaap; Keithe Baggett; Robin Pinson; Ian Dux; Jason Hopkins; Chad Brown

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

MaRS: a macro-pipelined reconfigurable system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce MaRS, a reconfigurable, parallel computing engine with special emphasis on scalability, lending itself to the computation-/data-intensive multimedia data processing and wireless communication. Global communication between the processing ... Keywords: 2D-mesh network, MIMD, computer graphics, multimedia, reconfigurable architectures, wireless communication

Nozar Tabrizi; Nader Bagherzadeh; Amir H. Kamalizad; Haitao Du

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Guidance Concept for a Mars Ascent Vehicle First Stage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a guidance concept for use on the first stage of a Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV). The guidance is based on a calculus of variations approach similar to that used for the final phase of the Apollo Earth return.

Queen Eric M.

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

MAR: a commuter router infrastructure for the mobile Internet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We introduce MAR, a commuter mobile access router infrastructure that exploits wireless diversity (e.g. channel diversity, network diversity, and technology diversity) to provide improved data performance for wireless data users. Our system design stems ... Keywords: channel diversity, multi-link bandwidth aggregation, wireless

Pablo Rodriguez; Rajiv Chakravorty; Julian Chesterfield; Ian Pratt; Suman Banerjee

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Radiological Contingency Planning for the Mars Science Laboratory Launch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) provides technical support to the requesting federal agency such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Defense, the National Space and Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), or a state agency to address the radiological consequences of an event. These activities include measures to alleviate damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused by the incident; protect public health and safety; restore essential government services; and provide emergency assistance to those affected. Scheduled to launch in the fall of 2009, Mars Science Laboratory is part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term effort of robotic exploration of the red planet. Mars Science Laboratory is a rover that will assess whether Mars ever was, or is still today, an environment able to support microbial life. In other words, its mission is to determine the planet's "habitability." The Mars Science Laboratory rover will carry a radioisotope power system that generates electricity from the heat of plutonium's radioactive decay. This power source gives the mission an operating lifespan on Mars' surface of a full Martian year (687 Earth days) or more, while also providing significantly greater mobility and operational flexibility, enhanced science payload capability, and exploration of a much larger range of latitudes and altitudes than was possible on previous missions to Mars. National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), based in Las Vegas, Nevada, will support the DOE in its role for managing the overall radiological contingency planning support effort. This paper will focus on new technologies that NSTec is developing to enhance the overall response capability that would be required for a highly unlikely anomaly. This paper presents recent advances in collecting and collating data transmitted from deployed teams and sensors. NSTec is responsible to prepare the contingency planning for a range of areas from monitoring and assessment, sample collection and control, contaminated material release criteria, data management, reporting, recording, and even communications. The tools NSTec has available to support these efforts will be reported. The data platform NSTec will provide shall also be compatible with integration of assets and field data acquired with other DOE, NASA, state, and local resources, personnel, and equipment. This paper also outlines the organizational structure for response elements in radiological contingency planning.

Paul Guss

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Loveland Area Project Firm Power Rates Transmission and Ancillary Services Rates 2012 Rate Adjustment-Transmission and Ancillary Services 2010 Rate Adjustment-Firm Power 2009...

124

Rates and Repayment Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Consolidated Rate Schedules FY 2014 Rates BCP Annual Rate Process Central Arizona Project Transmission Rate Process DSW Multiple System Transmission...

125

Rates & Repayment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Environmental Review-NEPA Financial Data Operations Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Rate Adjustments Transmission Ancillary Services Rates WAPA-137 Rate Order Rates and Repayment Services Rates Current and Historical Rate Information Collbran Power Rates CRSP Power Rates CRSP Transmission System Rates CRSP Management Center interest rates Falcon-Amistad Power Rates Provo River Power Rates Rio Grande Power Rates Seedskadee Power Rates SLCA/IP Power Rates Rate Schedules & Supplemental Rate Information Current Rates for Firm Power, Firm & Non-firm Transmission Service, & Ancillary Services Current Transmission & Ancillary Services Rates Tariffs Components of the SLCA/IP Existing Firm Power Rate Cost Recovery Charge (CRC) Page MOA Concerning the Upper Colorado River Basin

126

Mars Hill (2007) Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7) Wind Farm 7) Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Mars Hill (2007) Wind Farm Facility Mars Hill (2007) Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner UPC Wind Partners Developer UPC Wind Partners Energy Purchaser Confidential Location Aroostook county ME Coordinates 46.551388°, -67.808333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.551388,"lon":-67.808333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

127

Del Mar, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mar, California: Energy Resources Mar, California: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 32.9594891°, -117.2653146° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.9594891,"lon":-117.2653146,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

128

Boca Del Mar, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Del Mar, Florida: Energy Resources Del Mar, Florida: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 26.345078°, -80.1467115° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.345078,"lon":-80.1467115,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

129

MHK Projects/Del Mar Landing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mar Landing Mar Landing < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.3103,"lon":-123.845,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

130

Lightweight rovers for Mars science exploration and sample return  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the development of new mobile robots for Mars exploration missions. These "lightweight survivable rover (LSR)" systems are of potential interest to both space and terrestrial applications, and are distinguished from more conventional designs by their use of new composite materials, collapsible running gear, integrated thermal-structural chassis, and other mechanical features enabling improved mobility and environmental robustness at reduced mass, volume, and power. Our first demonstrated such rover architecture, LSR-I, introduces running gear based on 2D composite struts and 3D machined composite joints, a novel collapsible hybrid composite-aluminum wheel design, a unit-body structural-thermal chassis with improved internal temperature isolation and stabilization, and a spot-pushbroom laser/CCD sensor enabling accurate, fast hazard detection and terrain mapping. LSR-1 is a-.7 x 1.0 meterA2(WxL) footprint six-wheel (20 cm dia.) rocker-bogie geometry vehicle of- 30 cm ground clearance, weighing only 7 kilograms with an onboard.3 kilogram multi-spectral imager and spectroscopic photometer. By comparison, NASNJPL's recently flown Mars Pathfinder rover Sojourner is an 1 I+ kilogram flight experiment (carrying a 1 kg APXS instrument) having-,45 x.6 meterA2 (WxL) footprint and 15 cm ground clearance, and about half the warm electronics enclosure (WEE) volume with twice the diurnal temperature swing (-40 to +40C) of LSR-I in nominal Mars environments. We are also developing a new, smaller 5 kilogram class LSR-type vehicle for Mars sample return- the travel to, localization of, pick-up, and transport back to an Earth return ascent vehicle of a sample cache collected by earlier science missions. This Sample Retrievnl Rover R&D prototype has a

P. S. Schenker; L. F. Sword; A. J. Ganino; D. B. Bickler; G. S. Hickey; D. K. Brown; E. T. Baumgartner; L. H. Matthies; B. H. Wilcox; T. Balch; H. Aghazarian; M. S. Garrett

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Nuclear Design of the HOMER-15 Mars Surface Fission Reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The next generation of robotic missions to Mars will most likely require robust power sources in the range of 3 to 20 kWe. Fission systems are well suited to provide safe, reliable, and economic power within this range. The goal of this study is to design a compact, low-mass fission system that meets Mars surface power requirements, while maintaining a high level of safety and reliability at a relatively low cost. The Heat pipe Power System (HPS) is one possible approach for producing near-term, low-cost, space fission power. The goal of the HPS project is to devise an attractive space fission system that can be developed quickly and affordably. The primary ways of doing this are by using existing technology and by designing the system for inexpensive testing. If the system can be designed to allow highly prototypic testing with electrical heating, then an exhaustive test program can be carried out quickly and inexpensively, and thorough testing of the actual flight unit can be performed - which is a major benefit to reliability. Over the past 4 years, three small HPS proof-of-concept technology demonstrations have been conducted, and each has been highly successful. The Heat pipe-Operated Mars Exploration Reactor (HOMER) is a derivative of the HPS designed especially for producing power on the surface of Mars. The HOMER-15 is a 15-kWt reactor that couples with a 3-kWe Stirling engine power system. The reactor contains stainless-steel (SS)-clad uranium nitride (UN) fuel pins that are structurally and thermally bonded to SS/sodium heat pipes. Fission energy is conducted from the fuel pins to the heat pipes, which then carry the heat to the Stirling engine. This paper describes conceptual design and nuclear performance the HOMER-15 reactor. (author)

Poston, David I. [Nuclear Systems Design Group, Decision Applications Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 87545 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

The Allen Telescope Array Search for Electrostatic Discharges on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Allen Telescope Array was used to monitor Mars between 9 March and 2 June 2010, over a total of approximately 30 hours, for radio emission indicative of electrostatic discharge. The search was motivated by the report from Ruf et al. (2009) of the detection of non-thermal microwave radiation from Mars characterized by peaks in the power spectrum of the kurtosis, or kurtstrum, at 10 Hz, coinciding with a large dust storm event on 8 June 2006. For these observations, we developed a wideband signal processor at the Center for Astronomy Signal Processing and Electronics Research (CASPER). This 1024-channel spectrometer calculates the accumulated power and power-squared, from which the spectral kurtosis is calculated post-observation. Variations in the kurtosis are indicative of non-Gaussianity in the signal, which can be used to detect variable cosmic signals as well as radio frequency interference (RFI). During the three month period of observations, dust activity occurred on Mars in the form of small-scale d...

Anderson, Marin M; Barott, William C; Bower, Geoffrey C; Delory, Gregory T; de Pater, Imke; Werthimer, Dan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT OF THE MOBILE ARM RETRIEVAL SYSTEM (MARS) - 12187  

SciTech Connect

Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) is developing and deploying Mobile Arm Retrieval System (MARS) technologies solutions to support retrieval of radioactive and chemical waste from underground single shell storage tanks (SST) located at the Hanford Site, which is near Richland, Washington. WRPS has developed the MARS using a standardized platform that is capable of deploying multiple retrieval technologies. To date, WRPS, working with their mentor-protege company, Columbia Energy and Environmental Services (CEES), has developed two retrieval mechanisms, MARS-Sluicing (MARS-S) and MARS-Vacuum (MARS-V). MARS-S uses pressurized fluids routed through spray nozzles to mobilize waste materials to a centrally located slurry pump (deployed in 2011). MARS-V uses pressurized fluids routed through an eductor nozzle. The eductor nozzle allows a vacuum to be drawn on the waste materials. The vacuum allows the waste materials to be moved to an in-tank vessel, then extracted from the SST and subsequently pumped to newer and safer double shell tanks (DST) for storage until the waste is treated for disposal. The MARS-S system is targeted for sound SSTs (i.e., non leaking tanks). The MARS-V is targeted for assumed leaking tanks or those tanks that are of questionable integrity. Both versions of MARS are beinglhave been developed in compliance with WRPS's TFC-PLN-90, Technology Development Management Plan [1]. TFC-PLN-90 includes a phased approach to design, testing, and ultimate deployment of new technologies. The MARS-V is scheduled to be deployed in tank 241-C-105 in late 2012.

BURKE CA; LANDON MR; HANSON CE

2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

DEVELOPMENT AND DEPLOYMENT OF THE MOBILE ARM RETRIEVAL SYSTEM (MARS) - 12187  

SciTech Connect

Washington River Protection Solutions (WRPS) is developing and deploying Mobile Arm Retrieval System (MARS) technologies solutions to support retrieval of radioactive and chemical waste from underground single shell storage tanks (SST) located at the Hanford Site, which is near Richland, Washington. WRPS has developed the MARS using a standardized platform that is capable of deploying multiple retrieval technologies. To date, WRPS, working with their mentor-protege company, Columbia Energy and Environmental Services (CEES), has developed two retrieval mechanisms, MARS-Sluicing (MARS-S) and MARS-Vacuum (MARS-V). MARS-S uses pressurized fluids routed through spray nozzles to mobilize waste materials to a centrally located slurry pump (deployed in 2011). MARS-V uses pressurized fluids routed through an eductor nozzle. The eductor nozzle allows a vacuum to be drawn on the waste materials. The vacuum allows the waste materials to be moved to an in-tank vessel, then extracted from the SST and subsequently pumped to newer and safer double shell tanks (DST) for storage until the waste is treated for disposal. The MARS-S system is targeted for sound SSTs (i.e., non leaking tanks). The MARS-V is targeted for assumed leaking tanks or those tanks that are of questionable integrity. Both versions of MARS are being/have been developed in compliance with WRPS's TFC-PLN-90, Technology Development Management Plan. TFC-PLN-90 includes a phased approach to design, testing, and ultimate deployment of new technologies. The MARS-V is scheduled to be deployed in tank 241-C-105 in late 2012.

BURKE CA; LANDON MR; HANSON CE

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

135

Modeling heavy ion ionization loss in the MARS15 code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The needs of various accelerator and space projects stimulated recent developments to the MARS Monte Carlo code. One of the essential parts of those is heavy ion ionization energy loss. This paper describes an implementation of several corrections to dE/dx in order to take into account the deviations from the Bethe theory at low and high energies as well as the effect of a finite nuclear size at ultra-relativistic energies. Special attention is paid to the transition energy region where the onset of the effect of a finite nuclear size is observed. Comparisons with experimental data and NIST data are presented.

I. L. Rakhno; N. V. Mokhov; S. I. Striganov

2005-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

136

Tutorial on nuclear thermal propulsion safety for Mars  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Safety is the prime design requirement for nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP). It must be built in at the initiation of the design process. An understanding of safety concerns is fundamental to the development of nuclear rockets for manned missions to Mars and many other applications that will be enabled or greatly enhanced by the use of nuclear propulsion. To provide an understanding of the basic issues, a tutorial has been prepared. This tutorial covers a range of topics including safety requirements and approaches to meet these requirements, risk and safety analysis methodology, NERVA reliability and safety approach, and life cycle risk assessments.

Buden, D.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Tutorial on nuclear thermal propulsion safety for Mars  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Safety is the prime design requirement for nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP). It must be built in at the initiation of the design process. An understanding of safety concerns is fundamental to the development of nuclear rockets for manned missions to Mars and many other applications that will be enabled or greatly enhanced by the use of nuclear propulsion. To provide an understanding of the basic issues, a tutorial has been prepared. This tutorial covers a range of topics including safety requirements and approaches to meet these requirements, risk and safety analysis methodology, NERVA reliability and safety approach, and life cycle risk assessments.

Buden, D.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 3350-3371; doi:10.3390/md11093350 marine drugs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 3350-3371; doi:10.3390/md11093350 marine drugs ISSN 1660-3397 www% cytotoxicity was observed at the highest concentration tested (5 µg mL-1 ). However, OPEN ACCESS #12;Mar. Drugs Pinna had first been implicated in food poisoning in China in 1990 [1]. Pinnatoxin A (Pn

Recanati, Catherine

139

Thermal and crustal evolution of Mars Steven A. Hauck II1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a simple parameterized model of mantle convection to a batch- melting model for peridotite, we can geochemistry arguments) that early Mars had a wet environment. Extraction of water from the mantle of a one-plate planet such as Mars is found to be extremely inefficient, such that 90­95% of all water present

Manga, Michael

140

SETG: An instrument for detection of life on Mars ancestrally related to life on Earth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Life on Mars, if it exists, may be related to life on Earth.12 This common ancestry hypothesis is supported by theoretical and experimental studies of meteoritic exchange between Earth and Mars, exchange that could have spread life between those planets. ...

Clarissa Lui; Christopher E. Carr; Holli Rowedder; Gary Ruvkun; Maria Zuber

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CS 6100 Program 1 Mars Explorer (20 points) Due Feb 3, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scenario was presented by L Steels. The objectives are to explore a distant planet, and in particularCS 6100 Program 1 Mars Explorer (20 points) Due Feb 3, 2011 Create an applet (or other visual program) which allows the user to see the behavior of reactive agents. The Mars Explorer

Allan, Vicki H.

142

Department of Energy R&D for the Mars Science Laboratory | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Department of Energy R&D for the Mars Science Laboratory Department of Energy R&D for the Mars Science Laboratory Some key technology for the Mars Science Laboratory "Curiosity" was developed by U. S. Department of Energy laboratories-especially the Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator ("MMRTG") that keeps Curiosity functioning on Mars, and the Chemistry Camera ("ChemCam") designed to determine the composition of Martian soil and rocks. Department of Energy labs also contribute methods to check spacecraft for microbes before launch to help make sure (among other things) that any signs of life found on Mars didn't come from here; the labs also have a hand in planning for future explorations. The reports listed below describe these contributions by Department of Energy lab

143

Nuclear rockets: High-performance propulsion for Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new impetus to manned Mars exploration was introduced by President Bush in his Space Exploration Initiative. This has led, in turn, to a renewed interest in high-thrust nuclear thermal rocket propulsion (NTP). The purpose of this report is to give a brief tutorial introduction to NTP and provide a basic understanding of some of the technical issues in the realization of an operational NTP engine. Fundamental physical principles are outlined from which a variety of qualitative advantages of NTP over chemical propulsion systems derive, and quantitative performance comparisons are presented for illustrative Mars missions. Key technologies are described for a representative solid-core heat-exchanger class of engine, based on the extensive development work in the Rover and NERVA nuclear rocket programs (1955 to 1973). The most driving technology, fuel development, is discussed in some detail for these systems. Essential highlights are presented for the 19 full-scale reactor and engine tests performed in these programs. On the basis of these tests, the practicality of graphite-based nuclear rocket engines was established. Finally, several higher-performance advanced concepts are discussed. These have received considerable attention, but have not, as yet, developed enough credibility to receive large-scale development.

Watson, C.W.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Water ice at low to midlatitudes on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we analyze water ice occurrences at the surface of Mars using near-infrared observations, and we study their distribution with a climate model. Latitudes between 45{\\deg}S and 50{\\deg}N are considered. Data from the Observatoire pour la Min\\'eralogie, l'Eau, les Glaces et l'Actitit\\'e and the Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars are used to assess the presence of surface water ice as a function of location and season. A modeling approach combining the 1-D and 3-D versions of the General Circulation Model of the Laboratoire de M\\'et\\'eorologie Dynamique de Jussieu is developed and successfully compared to observations. Ice deposits 2-200 \\mu m thick are observed during the day on pole facing slopes in local fall, winter and early spring. Ice extends down to 13{\\deg} latitude in the Southern Hemisphere but is restricted to latitudes higher than 32{\\deg} in the north. On a given slope, the pattern of ice observations at the surface is mainly controlled by the global variability of ...

Vincendon, Mathieu; Mustard, John

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Data Center Rating Infrastructure Rating Development  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in Portfolio Manager on June 7, 2010. The questions below are designed to help data center owners and operators better understand the rating and benchmark their buildings in...

146

Tracking the Libor Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Investigating the Libor Rate, mimeo. Abrantes-Metz, R. ,Libor data: Historial 1 month Libor rates, British Bankers1108R) Tracking the Libor Rate Rosa M. Abrantes-Metz , Sofia

Abrantes-Metz, Rosa; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Judge, George G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Rail Coal Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

figure data Figure 7 shows the percent change in average real rates for those state-to-state ... Estimated transportation rates for coal delivered to electric ...

148

2012 Rate Adjustments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Register Notices Meetings Brochure Brochure Addendum Customer Comment Letter Approved Rate Order FERC Confirmation If you have questions, call Rates and Repayment, 800-472-2306...

149

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

10012012 - 09302013 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10012012 - 09302013 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement 73,381,487...

150

Calibrating the ChemCam LIBS for Carbonate Minerals on Mars  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

The ChemCam instrument suite on board the NASA Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover includes the first LIBS instrument for extraterrestrial applications. Here we examine carbonate minerals in a simulated martian environment using the LIDS technique in order to better understand the in situ signature of these materials on Mars. Both chemical composition and rock type are determined using multivariate analysis (MVA) techniques. Composition is confirmed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. Our initial results suggest that ChemCam can recognize and differentiate between carbonate materials on Mars.

Wiens, Roger C.; Clegg, Samuel M.; Ollila, Ann M.; Barefield, James E.; Lanza, Nina; Newsom, Horton E.

2009-00-00T23:59:59.000Z

151

Lidar-based Hazard Avoidance for Safe Landing on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hazard avoidance is a key technology for landing large payloads safely on the surface of Mars. During hazard avoidance a lander uses onboard sensors to detect hazards in the landing zone, autonomously selects a safe landing site, and then maneuvers to the new site. Design of a system for hazard avoidance is facilitated by simulation where trades involving sensor and mission requirements can be explored. This paper describes the algorithms and models that comprise a scanning lidarbased hazard avoidance simulation including a terrain generator, a lidar model, hazard avoidance algorithms and powered landing guidance algorithms. Preliminary simulation results show that the proposed hazard avoidance algorithms are effective at detecting hazards and guiding the lander to a safe landing site. 1

Andrew Johnson; James Collier; Aron Wolf

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The Boundary Layer of Mars: Fluxes, Stability, Turbulent Spectra, and Growth of the Mixed Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spectra of wind from high-frequency measurements in the Martian atmospheric surface layer, along with the diurnal variation of the height of the mixed surface layer, are calculated for the first time for Mars. Heat and momentum fluxes, stability, ...

James E. Tillman; Lars Landberg; Sren E. Larsen

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

MAR M 247 Derivations - CM 247 LC DS Alloy and CMSX Single ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

lbs/cu. in. gains in gas turbine operating .... combined with very tight control ... Tightly. Si. > control. S. MAR M 247 .03%. 1.0% .lO% max. 150 ppm max. Lower C.

154

A permanent settlement on Mars : the first cut in the land of a new frontier  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Humans have been fascinated with the planet Mars for thousands of years. Only in the last half a century has it been possible to contemplate sending people to our celestial neighbor. Since then, a rich discourse has evolved ...

Petrov, Georgi Ivanov, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Nuclear Electric Propulsion: A Better, Safer, Cheaper Transportation System for Human Exploration of Mars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NASA has completed a preliminary mission and systems study of nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) systems for split?sprint human exploration and related robotic cargo missions to Mars. This paper describes the study

John S. Clark; Jeffrey A. George; Leon P. Gefert; Michael P. Doherty; Robert J. Sefcik

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

LCLS Operations Schedule Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Schedule Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Run 1 User Assisted Commissioning 1012009-12172009 2009 LCLS Run 1 Run 2 User Assisted Commissioning 5610-9132010...

157

Comparative analysis of surface power system architectures for human Mars exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis provides a comprehensive analysis of surface power generation and energy storage architectures for human Mars surface missions, including tracking and non-tracking photovoltaic power generation, nuclear fission ...

Cooper, Chase Allen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to Mar'13: 40.1% YTD '12 to YTD '13: 26.6% * Calculated on a per day basis. 2 U.S. Energy Information AdministrationPrime Supplier Report, March 2013 Measurement of Petroleum...

159

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Millions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to Mar '12: -10.0% YTD '11 to YTD '12: -12.8% * Calculated on a per day basis. 2 U.S. Energy Information AdministrationPrime Supplier Report, March 2012 Measurement of Petroleum...

160

A Comparative Study of Daytime Thermally Induced Upslope Flow on Mars and Earth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several characteristics of thermally induced mesoscale upslope flow on Mars and its comparison with that on Earth were investigated using both analytical and numerical model approaches. The conclusions obtained from the analytical and the ...

Z. J. Ye; M. Segal; R. A. Pielke

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Experimental investigations of photochemically-generated organic aerosols and applications to early Earth and Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O. B. Toon (2003), Carbon dioxide clouds in an early denseWarming Early Mars with Carbon Dioxide Clouds that Scatterlimit for atmospheric carbon dioxide levels 3.2 billion

Chu, Emily Faye

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Universidad Nacional Autnoma de Mxico Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnologa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

actividades 2011 - 2012 Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología Casos de éxito: PROYECTO PEMEX: "SERVICIOS de sectores nacionales · CONANP Caracterizar ANPM · Nueva Viga Museo de pesca y recursos · PEMEX

Islas, León

163

Mesoscale Spectra of Marss Atmosphere Derived from MGS TES Infrared Radiances  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wavenumber spectra of the atmospheric potential energy of Mars at mesoscales (wavelengths of 64957 km) were obtained as a function of latitude, season, and Martian year using infrared radiance data obtained by the Thermal Emission Spectrometer (...

Takeshi Imamura; Yasuhiro Kawasaki; Tetsuya Fukuhara

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Mars in the late Noachian : evolution of a habitable surface environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation addresses whether simple life forms might have existed on Mars during the late Noachian epoch, and whether those life forms, or their traces, can be detected today. It begins by analyzing the ancient ...

Johnson, Sarah Stewart

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

The Mars Gravity Biosatellite as an innovative partial gravity research platform  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Mars Gravity Biosatellite is an unprecedented independent spaceflight platform for gravitational biology research. With a projected first launch after 2010, the low Earth orbit satellite will support a cohort of fifteen ...

Fulford-Jones, Thaddeus R. F

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Design of power systems for extensible surface mobility systems on the Moon and Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the power system model description and sample studies for extensible surface mobility systems on the Moon and Mars. The mathematical model of power systems for planetary vehicles was developed in order ...

Hong, SeungBum, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Model for Assessment and Remediation of Sediments (MARS): Four Case Studies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Model for the Assessment and Remediation of Sediments (MARS) provides a new tool for modeling contaminated surface water sediments. With quantitative screening level analysis capabilities, the model is tailored for application to contaminated sediment sites and is applicable to tidal and non-tidal rivers. MARS consists of three interconnected hydrodynamic, sediment, and chemical fate and transport models. Together, these models simulate the fate and transport of organic compounds, while allowing eval...

2004-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

168

Stages in the Terraforming of Mars: the Transition to Flowering Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The process of the biological terraforming of Mars can be compared to the process of primary ecological succession on terrestrial barren rocks. Each stage in the succession alters the environment in such a way that the next stage in the process becomes possible. The initial stage in terraforming Mars will be dominated by microorganisms and lichens. The initial stage will begin the process of removing carbon dioxide from the Martian atmosphere

James M. Graham

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

rates rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

170

Historical Interest Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Current and Historical Interest Rates Current and Historical Interest Rates The table lists interest rates, from the project's inception through the present, for all projects with repayment supervised by the CRSP MC. The latest available interest rate is used for all future interest rate calculations. The Amistad-Falcon, Collbran, Provo River, and Rio Grande Projects are all assigned the average daily "Yield Rate" calculated by the U.S. Treasury, on an annual basis, for Treasury bonds having terms of 15 years or more remaining to maturity. The calculated yield rate is rounded to the nearest one-eighth of one percent. The yield rate is based upon the bond's interest rate, as well as its market value. The Colorado River Storage Project and its participating projects, Dolores and Seedskadee, are assigned the average daily "Coupon Rate," annualized for the same U.S. Treasury bonds used in "Yield Rate" calculations. The coupon rate is the interest rate that the bond carries upon its face.

171

Tracking the Libor Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper 1108R2 Paper 1108R) Tracking the Libor Rate Rosa M.revision 2013 by author(s). Tracking the Libor Rate Rosa M.providing a methodology for tracking the dynamic integrity

Abrantes-Metz, Rosa; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Judge, George G.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

2009 Rate Adjustments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

provisional rates will be in effect until the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) confirms and approves them on a final basis or until they are replaced by other rates....

173

Mouse heart rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mouse heart rate Name: amj Status: NA Age: NA Location: NA Country: NA Date: Around 1993 Question: Is it possible to get the heart rate of a mouse without special equipment?...

174

Dynamics of heart rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heart rate oscillates on several different time scales and has long?term variability in the form of 1/fnoise. The physiological control of heart rate is briefly reviewed

Daniel T. Kaplan; Mario Talajic

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Utility Rate - Q & A | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate - Q & A Utility Rate - Q & A Home > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Question Post date Answers OpenEI-specific tutorial for Semantic search? 30 Aug 2013 - 13:09 4 Require selection of units? 20 Jun 2013 - 12:31 3 Does anyone have access to 2012 average residential rates by utility company? I'm seeing an inconsistency between the OpenEI website and EIA 861 data set. 2 May 2013 - 11:29 1 JSON shows incomplete info 1 Mar 2013 - 16:56 2 NREL/Ventyx Utility Rates: What is included? 27 Feb 2013 - 16:25 1 "Show Preview" button is not working; gives error 3 Jan 2013 - 09:52 1 Problems with interface change 10 Dec 2012 - 16:50 3 Tiered time-of-use rates 23 Sep 2012 - 20:52 2 Does the Utility Rates service on OpenEI return/display the latest data or only approved data? 11 Jul 2012 - 13:53 2

176

WET MARS: plentiful, readily-available martian water and its implications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Water and its major constituent, oxygen, in large specific quantities are essential for maintenance of human life. Providing them in adequate quantities is widely believed to be a major challenge for human Mars exploration and settlement. The Martian regolith isn't known to bear either water or hydrogen, the ice-rich Martian polar regions are thermally inhospitable, and the measured water content of Mars' thin atmosphere represents a layer of liquid water of average thickness only about 1% that of the Moon: {approximately}0.001 cm. Crucially, however, the atmospheric Martian water inventory is advected to everyplace on Mars by meteorological phenomena, so that the few cubic kilometers of liquid water-equivalent in the atmosphere are available most anywhere when, merely for the effort of condensing it. Well-engineered apparatus deployed essentially anywhere on Mars can condense water from the atmosphere in daily quantities not much smaller than its own mass, rejecting into space from radiators deployed over the local terrain the water's heat-of-condensation and the heat from non-ideality of the equipment's operation. Thus, an optimized, photovoltaically-powered 0.3 ton water-condensing system could strip 40 tons of water each year from {approximately}10{sup 4} times this mass of thin, dry Martian air. Given a 480 set I{sub sp} of H{sub 2}-O{sub 2} propulsion systems exhausting into the 6 millibar Mars-surface atmosphere and the 5.0 km/s Martian gravity well, {ge}40 tons of water two-thirds converted into 5:1 O{sub 2}/H{sub 2} cryogenic fuel could support exploration and loft a crew-of-four and their 8-ton ascent vehicle into Earth-return trajectory. The remaining water and excess oxygen would suffice for half-open-cycle life support for a year's stay on Mars. A Mars Expedition thus needs to land only explorers, dehydrated food, habitation gear and unfueled exploration I Earth-return equipment - and a water/oxygen/fuel plant with embedded power supply which operates on Martian atmospheric water. All of the oxygen, water and propellants necessary for life-support, extensive exploration and Earth-return can be provided quite readily by the host planet. The most challenging technical problem with respect to human expeditions to Mars is that of escaping from Earth's deep, 11.2 km/s gravity well. Living on Mars, exploring it extensively and returning to Earth each are technically much less difficult, thanks in no small part to the effective ''wetness'' of Mars.

Hyde, R; Ishikawa, M; Nuckolls, J; Whitehead, J; Wood, L

1999-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

177

Radiological Contingency Planning for the Mars Science Laboratory Launch  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the contingency planning for the launch of the Mars Science Laboratory scheduled for the 21-day window beginning on September 15, 2009. National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), based in Las Vegas, Nevada, will support the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in its role for managing the overall radiological contingency planning support effort. This paper will focus on new technologies that NSTecs Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) is developing to enhance the overall response capability that would be required for a highly unlikely anomaly. This paper presents recent advances in collecting and collating data transmitted from deployed teams and sensors. RSL is responsible to prepare the contingency planning for a range of areas from monitoring and assessment, sample collection and control, contaminated material release criteria, data management, reporting, recording, and even communications. The tools RSL has available to support these efforts will be reported. The data platform RSL will provide shall also be compatible with integration of assets and field data acquired with other DOE, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, state, and local resources, personnel, and equipment. This paper also outlines the organizational structure for response elements in radiological contingency planning.

Paul Guss, Robert Augdahl, Bill Nickels, Cassandra Zellers

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

178

Radiological Contingency Planning for the Mars Science Laboratory Launch  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the contingency planning for the launch of the Mars Science Laboratory scheduled for the 21-day window beginning on September 15, 2009. National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), based in Las Vegas, Nevada, will support the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in its role for managing the overall radiological contingency planning support effort. This paper will focus on new technologies that NSTecs Remote Sensing Laboratory (RSL) is developing to enhance the overall response capability that would be required for a highly unlikely anomaly. This paper presents recent advances in collecting and collating data transmitted from deployed teams and sensors. RSL is responsible to prepare the contingency planning for a range of areas from monitoring and assessment, sample collection and control, contaminated material release criteria, data management, reporting, recording, and even communications. The tools RSL has available to support these efforts will be reported. The data platform RSL will provide shall also be compatible with integration of assets and field data acquired with other DOE, National Space and Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), state, and local resources, personnel, and equipment. This paper also outlines the organizational structure for response elements in radiological contingency planning.

Paul P. Guss

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

About the Ratings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 Ratings Changes 2008 Ratings Changes EPA's "New" Fuel Economy Ratings Video about EPA's New Fuel Economy Ratings Windows Media Video (6.8 MB) Quicktime Video (7.8 MB) Text Version EPA changed the way it estimates fuel economy starting with the 2008 model year. This "new" way of estimating fuel economy supplements the previous method by incorporating the effects of Faster speeds and acceleration Air conditioner use Colder outside temperatures What else do I need to know about the "new" ratings? The tests lower MPG estimates for most vehicles. View old/new MPG ratings for a specific vehicle The actual mileage you get will still vary based on your driving habits, traffic conditions, and other factors. All MPG estimates in Find-a-Car have been converted to the new

180

Solar X-ray Flare Hazards on the Surface of Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Putative organisms on the Martian surface would be exposed to potentially high doses of ionizing radiation during strong solar X-ray flares. We extrapolate the observed flare frequency-energy release scaling relation to releases much larger than seen so far for the sun, an assumption supported by observations of flares on other solar- and subsolar-mass main sequence stars. We calculate the surficial reprocessed X-ray spectra using a Monte Carlo code we have developed. Biological doses from indirect genome damage are calculated for each parameterized flare spectrum by integration over the X-ray opacity of water. We estimate the mean waiting time for solar flares producing a given biological dose of ionizing radiation on Mars and compare with lethal dose data for a wide range of terrestrial organisms. These timescales range from decades for significant human health risk to 0.5 Myr for D. radiodurans lethality. Such doses require total flare energies of 10^33--10^38 erg, the lower range of which has been observed for other stars. Flares are intermittent bursts, so acute lethality will only occur on the sunward hemisphere during a sufficiently energetic flare, unlike low-dose-rate, extended damage by cosmic rays. We estimate the soil and CO_2 ice columns required to provide 1/e shielding as 4--9 g cm^-2, depending on flare mean energy and atmospheric column density. Topographic altitude variations give a factor of two variation in dose for a given flare. Life in ice layers that may exist ~ 100 g cm^-2 below the surface would be well protected.

David S. Smith; John M. Scalo

2006-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Effective Rate Period  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Fiscal Year 2014 Fiscal Year 2014 Effective Rate Period As of Beginning of the FY 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Mid-Year Changes (if applicable) 10/01/2013 - 09/30/2014 Power Rates Annual Revenue Requirement Rate Schedule Power Revenue Requirement $73,441,557 CV-F13 Base Resource Revenue Requirement $69,585,875 First Preference Revenue Requirement $3,855,682

182

High Redshift Supernova Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use a sample of 42 supernovae detected with the Advanced Camera for Surveys on-board the Hubble Space Telescope as part of the Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey to measure the rate of core collapse supernovae to z~0.7 and type Ia supernovae to z~1.6. This significantly increases the redshift range where supernova rates have been estimated from observations. The rate of core collapse supernovae can be used as an independent probe of the cosmic star formation rate. Based on the observations of 17 core collapse supernovae, we measure an increase in the core collapse supernova rate by a factor of 1.6 in the range 0.3rate. The increase in the rate in this redshift range in consistent with recent measurements of the star formation rate derived from UV-luminosity densities and IR datasets. Based on 25 type Ia supernovae, we find a SN Ia rate that is a factor 3-5 higher at z~1 compared to earlier estimates at lower redshifts (zrate traces a higher star formation rate at redshifts z>1 compared to low redshift. At higher redshift (z>1), we find a suggested decrease in the type Ia rate with redshift. This evolution of the Ia rate with redshift is consistent with a type Ia progenitor model where there is a substantial delay between the formation of the progenitor star and the explosion of the supernova. Assuming that the type Ia progenitor stars have initial main sequence masses 3-8 M_Sun, we find that 5-7% of the available progenitors explode as type Ia supernovae.

Tomas Dahlen; Louis-Gregory Strolger; Adam G. Riess; Bahram Mobasher; Ranga-Ram Chary; Christopher J. Conselice; Henry C. Ferguson; Andrew S. Fruchter; Mauro Giavalisco; Mario Livio; Piero Madau; Nino Panagia; John L. Tonry

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

183

Rate Schedule CPP-2  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or rate schedule accepted or approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) or other regulatory bodies will be passed on to each relevant customer. The FERC's or...

184

Mars atmospheric CO[subscript 2] condensation above the north and south poles as revealed by radio occultation, climate sounder, and laser ranging observations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

[1] We study the condensation of CO[subscript 2] in Mars' atmosphere using temperature profiles retrieved from radio occultation measurements from Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) as well as the climate sounding instrument onboard ...

Hu, Renyu

185

Exchange Rates and Fundamentals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show analytically that in a rational expectations present-value model, an asset price manifests nearrandom walk behavior if fundamentals are I(1) and the factor for discounting future fundamentals is near one. We argue that this result helps explain the well-known puzzle that fundamental variables such as relative money supplies, outputs, inflation, and interest rates provide little help in predicting changes in floating exchange rates. As well, we show that the data do exhibit a related link suggested by standard modelsthat the exchange rate helps predict these fundamentals. The implication is that exchange rates and fundamentals are linked in a way that is broadly consistent with asset-pricing models of the exchange rate. I.

Charles Engel; Kenneth D. West

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of this behavioral compensation, per capita fish consumption remained rela- tively constant, but predation rates increased further when energy stores were lower at the onset of simulation periods, but in all scenarios resource declines increase predation rates on North Pacific harbor seals? A behavior-based plausibility

Dill, Lawrence M.

187

Water-bearing minerals on mars: source of observed mid-latitude water?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Odyssey spacecraft documented the existence of heterogeneously distributed hydrogen at martian mid-latitudes, suggesting that large areas of the near-equatorial highlands contain near-surface deposits of 'chemically and/or physically bound H20 and/or OH' in amounts up to 3 .8% equivalent H20. Shallow occurrences of water ice are not stable near the martian equator, making the hydrogen deposits at these latitudes somewhat enigmatic. Clay minerals and zeolites have both been proposed as possible water-bearing constituents on Mars, and both are common terrestrial alteration products of hydrovolcanic basaltic ashes and palagonitic material comparable to those that may be widespread on Mars. Smectites within martian meteorites, attributed to hydrous alteration on Mars rather than on Earth, provide direct evidence of clay minerals from Mars. In addition, new thermal emission spectrometer (TES) data provide good evidence for unspecified zeolites in martian surface dust [6] . The nature of the hydrogen-containing material observed in the equatorial martian regolith is of particular importance to the question of whether hydrous minerals have formed in the past on Mars. Also, whether these minerals exist in a hydrated (i .e., containing H2O molecules in their structures) or dehydrated state is a crucial question . The existence of hydrous minerals is also important in connection with their possible role in affecting the diurnal variation of the martian atmosphere, in their potential role in unraveling the paleohydrology and paleobiology of Mars, and in their possible use as a water resource to support exploration of the martian mid-latitudes.

Bish, D. L. (David L.); Carey, J. W. (James W.); Fialips, C. I. (Clair I.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Geek-Up [2.4.2011]: Mars Hoppers and InSynC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Up [2.4.2011]: Mars Hoppers and InSynC Up [2.4.2011]: Mars Hoppers and InSynC Geek-Up [2.4.2011]: Mars Hoppers and InSynC February 4, 2011 - 7:00pm Addthis Niketa Kumar Niketa Kumar Public Affairs Specialist, Office of Public Affairs At Idaho National Laboratory's Center for Space Nuclear Research researchers and student fellows are developing designs for a nuclear-powered Mars hopper. The current Mars rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, have covered about 21 miles of terrains in their combined 11 years of operation. According to CSNR Director Steven Howe, these nuclear-powered hoppers may be able to cover over 9 miles every five to seven days. These hoppers' beryllium core would store radioisotope heat. The hoppers would also be able to suck up the carbon-dioxide-rich Martian atmosphere and use it as a propellant. Stored heat from the core would hit the

189

OpenEI - rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

190

<RatesMiscInfo>  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates MISCELLANEOUS INFORMATION Power Supply Report June 2013 (53kb pdf) May 2013 (53kb pdf) April 2013 (52kb pdf) March 2013 (54kb pdf) February 2013 (54kb pdf) January 2013 (54kb...

191

Heat Rate Program Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power plant facilities with performance or heat rate improvement programs perform better than those that do not have those programs. A heat rate improvement program typically provides sufficient information for decision making with respect to timely maintenance actions and/or operational adjustments. Monitoring the performance of any power plant component includes the trending of parameters that also describe the performance of other plant components, providing insight and information on improving ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

192

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Cat Heart Rate Monitoring Name: Shakti Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: TX Country: USA Date: Summer 2010 Question: What is the best way to find a cat's heart rate using a stethoscope? Because I have tried to hear their heart beat but their purring is all I can hear. If I shouldn't use a stethoscope, then what should I use? Replies: Hi Shakti! If you want to use a stethoscope, the trick is to get your cat to stop purring. Two good ways that I have found to help stop the purring 1. Cover their nose (generally cats don't like this and will stop purring) or 2. Put on the tap to drip or lightly stream water (also, they generally don't like this and will stop purring). Alternatively, you can get their heart rate from feeling their pulse. A good place to try to feel a pulse is right where the leg attaches to the abdomen - in an area called the inguinal region. Now granted there are some heart conditions that will cause an animals pulse and their heart rates don't match up, and it's hard to feel if you have a fat cat, but it's a good place to try if you are really trying to get a heart rate in a healthy kitty!

193

WET MARS: Plentiful, Readily-Available Martian Water and its Implications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Water and its major constituent, oxygen, in large specific quantities are essential for maintenance of human life. Providing them in adequate quantities is widely believed to be a major challenge for human exploration and settlement of Mars. The Martian regolith isn't known to bear either water or hydrogen, the ice-rich Martian polar regions are thermally inhospitable, and the measured water content of Mars' thin atmosphere represents a layer of liquid water of average thickness only {approx}1% that available on the Moon, or {approx}0.001 cm. Crucially, however, the atmospheric Martian water inventory is advected meteorologically to everyplace on Mars, so that the few cubic kilometers of liquid water-equivalent in the atmosphere are available anywhere when, merely for the effort of condensing it. Well-engineered apparatus deployed essentially anywhere on Mars can condense water from the atmosphere in daily quantities not much smaller than its own mass, rejecting into space from radiators deployed over the local terrain the water's heat-of-condensation and the heat from non-ideality of the equipment's operation. Thus, an optimized, photovoltaically-powered water-condensing system of {approx}0.3 tons mass could strip 40 tons of water each year from {approx} 10{sup 4} times this mass of thin, dry Martian air. Given a 490 set I{sup sp} of H{sub 2}-O{sub 2} propulsion systems exhausting into the 6 millibar Mars-surface atmosphere and the 5.0 km/s Martian gravity well, {approx}40 tons of water two-thirds converted into 5:1 O{sub 2}/H{sub 2} cryogenic fuel could support exploration and loft a crew-of-four and their 8-ton ascent vehicle into Earth-return trajectory. The remaining H{sub 2}O and excess O{sub 2} would suffice for half-open-cycle life support for a year's exploration-intensive stay on Mars. A Mars Expedition thus needs to land only explorers, dehydrated food, habitation gear and unfueled exploration/Earth-return equipment--and a water/oxygen/fuel plant exploiting Martian atmospheric water. All of the oxygen, water and propellants necessary for life-support, extensive exploration and Earth-return can be provided readily by the host planet. Crewed exploration of Mars launched from LEO with on1.V 2 Shuttle-loads of equipment and consumables--a commercial total cost-equivalent of {approx}$650 M--thereby becomes feasible. The most challenging current problem with respect to human expeditions to Mars is escape from Earth's deep, 11.2 km/s gravity well, and is largely an economic issue. Living on Mars, exploring it extensively and returning to Earth, each hitherto major technical issues, are actually much less difficult, thanks in no small part to the effective ''wetness'' of Mars. Similar considerations apply to other water-rich locations in the Solar system, e.g. Europa.

Hyde, R.; Ishikawa, M.; Nuckolls, J.; Whitehead, J.; Wood, L.

1999-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

194

Trade, Interdependence and Exchange Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

period is 1971-2000. All inflation rates and predictions areof Goods and Real Exchange Rate Fluc- tuations, mimeo [5]Between Trade and Exchange Rate Volatility, mimeo [6

Fitzgerald, Doireann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Exchange Rates, Information, and Crises  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Intervention and Exchange Rate Misalignment 4 Conclusion 5explain the exchange rate determination puzzle? Americanrisk to defend the exchange rate. Universitat Trier Working

Fernholz, Ricardo Turrin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Mythology of rate design  

SciTech Connect

If power rates are determined by marginal costs with clear signals to the consumer, then the load curve will regulate itself without burdening the public with ethical and patriotic issues. Manipulation of the load factor will only cause hardship and inconvenience, but a choice of rates will allow consumers to determine their own balance between rates and convenience. It makes sense to charge consumers the true cost rather than having the same rate apply during a 24-hour period when costs are not uniform. Discussions of how to determine equitable rate structures flounder because we cannot define equity. Economists, who base their recommendations on the assumption that income distribution is reasonable, believe marginal-cost pricing allows the customer to save whatever the utility is saving. Such a system is economically efficient in that the utility charges 100 percent-load-factor consumers according to a base load plant, while charging peak and offpeak consumers what it costs to add them to the system. Adjustment of prices to cause a minimal distortion of the market is the economists' general rule for handling the balancing of cost increases and regulated profits. (DCK)

Streiter, S.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Multiple System Rate Process  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process DSW Multiple System Transmission Rate Process Federal Register Notice Withdrawing Rate Proposal (PDF) Formal Process Extension Federal Register Notice (PDF) Customer Savings Under Various MSTR (XLS) Public Information Forum March 29, 2005 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point) Customer Meeting Overview (PDF) Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Public Comment Forum April 6, 2005 Customer Meeting Transcript (PDF) Response Letter 5-17-05 (PDF) Customer Letters Tonopah ID-5/25/05 (PDF) APS-5/26/05 (PDF) SRP-5/27/05 (PDF) RSLynch-6/1/05 (PDF) KRSaline-6/1/05 (PDF) Formal Process Federal Register Notice (Word) Federal Register Notice (PDF) Brochure (Word) Appendices to Brochure: A B C D E1 E2 F1 F2 GH Public Information Forum July 14, 2004 Customer Meeting Overview (Power Point)

198

The mission to mars Webliographer: a principled approach to the design of a CSCL tool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Mission to Mars Webliographer is a tool which allows children and adults to collaborate and synthesize Internet resources for research in context rich, sustained learning environments. In communicating the process of software development and analysis ... Keywords: URL database search engine, collaborative learning, learning environments, project-based instruction, world-wide web

Anthony J. Petrosino; Jay Pfaffman

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Langley heavy-ion/nucleon transport code, HZETRN, and the high-energy nucleon transport code, BRYNTRN, are used to predict the propagation of galactic cosmic rays (GCR''s) and solar flare protons through the carbon dioxide atmosphere of Mars. Particle ...

Simonsen Lisa C.; Nealy John E.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Mar 24th 2011 | from the print edition 0 40Like Battery technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 24th 2011 | from the print edition 0 40Like Battery technology Highly charged A powerful experimental battery that can be recharged completely in minutes ENGINEERS have long dreamed of shortening the time it takes to recharge batteries. Currently, that can be hours. For applications like motor vehicles

Braun, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Can hydrous minerals account for the observed mid-latitude water on Mars?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Great interest was generated with the discovery by the Odyssey spacecraft OC heterogeneously distributed hydrogcn at martian mid-latitudes, suggesting that large areas of the near-equatorial highlands contain near-surface deposits of 'chemically and/or physically bound 1120 and/or OH' in amounts up to 3.8% equivalent H20. More recent interpretations of the Odyssey data using new calibrations suggest that some near-equatorial areas, such as Arabia Terra, contain up to 8.5f I .3% water-equivalent hydrogen. Such shallow occurrences (Mars, and both groups of minerals are common terrestrial alteration products of hydrovolcanic basaltic ashes and palagonitic material comparable io those that may be widespread on Mars. Smectites within martian meteorites, attributed to hydrous alteration on Mars rather than on Earth, provide direct evidence of clay minerals from Mars. In addition, new thermal emission spectrometer (TES) data provide evidence for unspecified zeolites in martian surface dust, and concluded that spectral deconvolution of MGS TES and Mariner 9 IRIS data is consistent with the presence of zeolite in the martian surface dust.

Bish, D. L. (David L.); Vaniman, D. T. (David T.); Fialips, C. I. (Clair I.); Carey, J. W. (James W.); Feldman, W. C. (William C.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Organisation of the soil mantle in tropical southeastern Brazil (Serra do Mar)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Organisation of the soil mantle in tropical southeastern Brazil (Serra do Mar) in relation-900 Sao Paulo ­ SP, Brazil And INRA-ENSA. Laboratoire des sciences du sol 65 rue de St Brieuc 35042 RennesORSTOM - Instituto de geociencias - DGG ­ USP C.P. 11 348 Cep: 05 422-970 Sao Paulo ­ SP, Brazil Correspondence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

203

Wide-Baseline Stereo Vision for Mars Rovers Clark F. Olson  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the larger base- line allows improved accuracy for more distant ter- rain, stereo matching is more difficult and show test results on real images. 1 Introduction For the robotic exploration of Mars, a key goal addressed is the computation by a rover of accurate maps of terrain many meters distant. This allows longer

Olson, Clark F.

204

Estimates of power requirements for a manned Mars rover powered by a nuclear reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper assesses the power requirement for a Manned Mars Rover vehicle. Auxiliary power needs are fulfilled using a hybrid solar photovoltaic/regenerative fuel cell system while the primary power needs are met using an SP?100 type reactor. The primary electric power needs

Nicholas J. Morley; Mohamed S. El?Genk; Robert Cataldo; Harvey Bloomfield

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A Boundary-Layer Model for Mars: Comparison with Viking Lander and Entry Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one-dimensional boundary-layer model for Mars is described, and its results are compared with Viking data. The model equations are similar to Earth boundary-layer models in that they include contributions from Coriolis, pressure gradient, and ...

Robert M. Haberle; Howard C. Houben; Rolf Hertenstein; Tomas Herdtle

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

MARS June 2012 Flight Data: Natural Background and Point Source Spectra  

SciTech Connect

Abstract This brief document describes the electronic data that were collected by the Multi-sensor Aerial Radiation Survey (MARS) detector in June 2012 while mounted onboard the RSL Bell-412 helicopter. A copy of the data is included as an electronic appendix.

Stave, Sean C.; Dorow, Kevin E.; Glasgow, Brian D.; Benz, Jacob M.; Willett, Jesse A.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

A spherical Monte-Carlo model of aerosols: Validation and first applications to Mars and Titan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The atmospheres of Mars and Titan are loaded with aerosols that impact remote sensing observations of their surface. Here we present the algorithm and the first applications of a radiative transfer model in spherical geometry designed for planetary data analysis. We first describe a fast Monte-Carlo code that takes advantage of symmetries and geometric redundancies. We then apply this model to observations of the surface of Mars and Titan at the terminator as acquired by OMEGA/Mars Express and VIMS/Cassini. These observations are used to probe the vertical distribution of aerosols down to the surface. On Mars, we find the scale height of dust particles to vary between 6 km and 12 km depending on season. Temporal variations in the vertical size distribution of aerosols are also highlighted. On Titan, an aerosols scale height of 80 \\pm 10 km is inferred, and the total optical depth is found to decrease with wavelength as a power-law with an exponent of -2.0 \\pm 0.4 from a value of 2.3 \\pm 0.5 at 1.08 {\\mu}m. On...

Vincendon, Mathieu; 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.12.018

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Computers are from Mars, Organisms are from Venus: Interrelationship guide to Biology and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computers are from Mars, Organisms are from Venus: Interrelationship guide to Biology and Computer "biology and computation", "bioinformatics", "DNA computing", "genetic algorithms", etc. What is all. In recent years one active area of interdisciplinary merger has been biology and computer science. The noise

Kim, Junhyong

209

Upper Great Plains Rates information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates and Repayment Services Rates and Repayment Services Rates 2010 Firm Power Rate (effective January 1, 2010) Rate Adjustments 2010 Firm Power Rate Adjustment 2009 Firm Power Rate Adjustment IS Rate Adjustments Rate Adjustment Process Rate Orders Signed, December 23, 2009 (16kb pdf) Announcements Firm Electric Service Customer Letter - Preliminary Review of Drought Adder Component, June 27, 2013 (74kb pdf) Customer Letter - Final Notice of Drought Adder Component, October 2, 2013 (68kb pdf) Integrated System (IS) Rates 2014 IS Rates Customer Information Meeting Presentation, October 15, 2013 (611kb pdf) Customer Letter - Notification of 2014 Rates, September 13, 2013 (160kb pdf) 2014 Transmission and Ancillary Services Rate Calculation and 2012 Rate True-up Calculation (4.9mb pdf) 2013 IS Rates

210

Natural Gas Conveyance and Rates  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Natural gas transportation market; Competition vs. market power; Rate structures Cost-of-service Performance based rates

Information Center

2001-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

LAP Transmission Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LAP Transmission Rate 4.50 4.00 3.82 3.50 3.00 of 2.50 c 0 2.I2 2.68 I 3: 2.00 1.50 1.00 0.50 0.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012...

212

The Hot Working Behaviour of Mar M200 Superalloy Compacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

testing in the range 105O'C to 12OO'C at constant true strain rates between 10m4 s-l and 1 s,-l. The compacts were pressed either below or above the y' solvus.

213

Rail Coal Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

reports reports Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector With Data through 2010 | Release Date: November 16, 2012 | Next Release Date: December 2013 | Correction Previous editions Year: 2011 2004 Go Figure 1. Deliveries from major coal basins to electric power plants by rail, 2010 Background In this latest release of Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric Power Sector, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) significantly expands upon prior versions of this report with the incorporation of new EIA survey data. Figure 1. Percent of total U.S. rail shipments represented in data figure data Previously, EIA relied solely on data from the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (STB), specifically their confidential Carload Waybill Sample. While valuable, due to the statistical nature of the Waybill data,

214

Plant Tumor Growth Rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plant Tumor Growth Rates Plant Tumor Growth Rates Name: Gina and Maria Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: We are doing a science fair project on if B. Carotene, Green tea, and Grape Seed Extract helps plants against the crown gall disease. We injected sunflowers with agrobacterium tum. one week ago (Sun. Feb. 27, 2000). Our questions is how long will it take for the tumors to grow? We scratched the surface of the stems and injected the agrobacterium in the wound. Also which do you think, in your opinion, will do the best, if any? Our science fair is April 13, do you think we'll have growth before then, atleast enough time to do our conclusion and results? Thank you, any information you forward will be very helpful. Replies: Sunflowers form galls relatively quickly. I usually get them in two weeks at least. Good luck.

215

Temporal variability in zooplankton prey capture rate of the passive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

crease our understanding of energy fluxes in temperate ...... of Mexico. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 87:275281. Officer CB, Smayda TJ, Mann R (1982) Benthic filter...

216

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents Rate Adjustments and Public Involvement Documents CRSP Transmission 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates extension Letter announcing two-year extension to CRSP transmission and ancillary services rates Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2014 Accompanying calculation table for FY 2014 CRSP transmission rate letter Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2013 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2012 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2011 Letter announcing revised CRSP transmission rates for FY 2010 SLCA/IP 9/16/2013 WAPA-161 FRN, SLCA/IP firm power rate extension Letter announcing two-year extension to SLCA/IP firm power rate SLCA/IP Tentative Rate Adjustment Schedule

217

Vertical Wavenumber Spectra of Gravity Waves in the Martian Atmosphere Obtained from Mars Global Surveyor Radio Occultation Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vertical wavenumber spectra of Martian gravity waves were obtained for the altitude range 332 km from temperature profiles acquired by the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) radio occultation experiments. The spectra, which cover vertical wavelengths ...

Hiroki Ando; Takeshi Imamura; Toshitaka Tsuda

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

RF-powered aqueous extractor for identification of chemical signatures of life on Mars, comets and asteroids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The prospect of finding chemical signatures of present or past life on Mars, comets, and asteroids is one of the important drivers behind NASA's Solar System exploration program. A compact sample-processing technology that enables cataloging, characterization ...

X. Amashukeli; G. Chattopadhyay; P. Siegel; R. Lin; A. Peralta; R. Toda

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Enhancing the science return of Mars missions via sample preparation, robotic surface exploration and in orbit fuel production  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The future of Mars exploration is challenging from multiple points of view. To enhance their science return, future surface probes will most likely be equipped with complex Sample Preparation And Transfer (SPAT) facilities. ...

Lamamy, Julien-Alexandre, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Comparison of heat sink and fan combinations and thermal electric coolers for use in the Mars Gravity Biosatellite  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experiment was conducted to help compare possible cooling methods for the payload module of the Mars Gravity Biosatellite. The Satellite will be launched into space with 15 mice on board and rotated to create a 0.38g ...

Parness, Aaron J. (Aaron Joseph), 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

PULSE RATE DIVIDER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact pulse-rate divider circuit affording low impedance output and high input pulse repetition rates is described. The circuit features a single secondary emission tube having a capacitor interposed between its dynode and its control grid. An output pulse is produced at the anode of the tube each time an incoming pulse at the control grid drives the tube above cutoff and the duration of each output pulse corresponds to the charging time of the capacitor. Pulses incoming during the time the grid bias established by the discharging capacitor is sufficiently negative that the pulses are unable to drive the tube above cutoff do not produce output pulses at the anode; these pulses are lost and a dividing action is thus produced by the circuit. The time constant of the discharge path may be vanied to vary in turn the division ratio of the circuit; the time constant of the charging circuit may be varied to vary the width of the output pulses. (AEC)

McDonald, H.C. Jr.

1962-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

222

Integrated Energy Systems (IES) for Buildings: A Market Assessment(LeMar  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integrated Energy Systems (IES) for Buildings: A Market Assessment(LeMar Integrated Energy Systems (IES) for Buildings: A Market Assessment(LeMar 2002) Home > Groups > Energy Systems Integration Qinsun's picture Submitted by Qinsun(35) Member 15 November, 2012 - 13:05 Literature Review The author analyzed the market of combine heat and power in commercial buildings. The paper provided the market size of CHP. It analyzed the reduction of emission, energy and cost by 2020. It discussed barrier, market power and impact. It is a good market analysis proach. However, it only considered existing CHP techniques in Commercial buildings. Groups: Energy Systems Integration Login to post comments Latest documents Qinsun Research topics related to ESI Posted: 15 Nov 2012 - 13:55 by Qinsun Qinsun Prospects for Nuclear Power(Davis 2012) Posted: 15 Nov 2012 - 13:36 by Qinsun

223

Survey of innovative rates, 1991  

SciTech Connect

Current innovative rate data from 135 major utilities throughout the United States were gathered and analyzed. Over 1000 innovative rates that were in use by the utilities in 1990 and 1991 were identified, abstracted and entered into a database. Survey results indicate that over 616 million MWh were sold to the nearly five million customers using the innovative rates offered. From an annual sales perspective, the most widely used rates are demand-side management rates -- rates intended to change customer energy use -- and rates that are market-driven.'' The survey identified 525 demand-side management rates serving our four million customers with reported sales of approximately 520 million MWh. These rates serve over 80% of the total innovative rate customers and account for 84% of the total MWh sales. Also important in terms of MWh sales they represent are market-driven rates, which accounted for sales of 48 million MWh in 1990. Both demand-side management and market-driven rates show a 20% customer growth rate between 1988 and 1990. Other innovative rates examined in the survey included: prepaid service; load retention incentive rates; technology specific rates; and those rates related expressly to non-utility generators -- namely buy-back and standby rates.

White, L.J.; Wakefield, R.A.; McVicker, C.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Survey of innovative rates, 1991  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Current innovative rate data from 135 major utilities throughout the United States were gathered and analyzed. Over 1000 innovative rates that were in use by the utilities in 1990 and 1991 were identified, abstracted and entered into a database. Survey results indicate that over 616 million MWh were sold to the nearly five million customers using the innovative rates offered. From an annual sales perspective, the most widely used rates are demand-side management rates -- rates intended to change customer energy use -- and rates that are market-driven.'' The survey identified 525 demand-side management rates serving our four million customers with reported sales of approximately 520 million MWh. These rates serve over 80% of the total innovative rate customers and account for 84% of the total MWh sales. Also important in terms of the MWh sales they represent are market-driven rates, which accounted for sales of 48 million MWh in 1990. Both demand-side management and market-driven rates show a 20% customer growth rate between 1988 and 1990. Other innovative rates examined in the survey included: prepaid service; load retention incentive rates; technology specific rates; and those rates related expressly to non-utility generators -- namely buy-back and standby rates.

White, L.J.; Wakefield, R.A.; McVicker, C.M.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Mar 278:36 AM Revisit 6.3 Division of fractions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

truckloads can she cut with 3/4 tank of gas? Which of the following could represent 1¼ ÷ 2/3? C) How many 2 person get? B) If Gina's chainsaw takes 1/2 tank of gasoline to cut a truckload of wood, how many yards, and the banner is 2/3 yard tall, how long is the banner? Mar 279:53 AM Show how to calculate

Hasenbank, Jon

226

An alkaline spring system within the Del Puerto ophiolite (California USA): A Mars analog site  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Mars appears to have experienced little compositional differentiation of primitive lithosphere, and thus much of the surface of Mars is covered by mafic lavas. On Earth, mafic and ultramafic rocks present in ophiolites, oceanic crust and upper mantle that have been obducted onto land, are therefore good analogs for Mars. The characteristic mineralogy, aqueous geochemistry, and microbial communities of cold-water alkaline springs associated with these mafic and ultramafic rocks represent a particularly compelling analog for potential life-bearing systems. Serpentinization, the reaction of water with mafic minerals such as olivine and pyroxene, yields fluids with unusual chemistry (Mg-OH and Ca-OH waters with pH values up to {approx}12), as well as heat and hydrogen gas that can sustain subsurface, chemosynthetic ecosystems. The recent observation of seeps from pole-facing crater and canyon walls in the higher Martian latitudes supports the hypothesis that even present conditions might allow for a rockhosted chemosynthetic biosphere in near-surface regions of the Martian crust. The generation of methane within a zone of active serpentinization, through either abiogenic or biogenic processes, could account for the presence of methane detected in the Martian atmosphere. For all of these reasons, studies of terrestrial alkaline springs associated with mafic and ultramafic rocks are particularly timely. This study focuses on the alkaline Adobe Springs, emanating from mafic and ultramafic rocks of the California Coast Range, where a community of novel bacteria is associated with the precipitation of Mg-Ca carbonate cements. The carbonates may serve as a biosignature that could be used in the search for evidence of life on Mars.

Blank, J.G.; Green, S.; Blake, D.; Valley, J.; Kita, N.; Treiman, A.; Dobson, P.F.

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Assignment 3 MECH 6511 Due on Mar. 22, 06 Question 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Calculate the volume of air space in the walls of an expanded polystyrene foam cup of 50 kg/m3 densityAssignment 3 MECH 6511 Due on Mar. 22, 06 Question 1: The density of polystyrene is 1.05 g/cm3 (graphite): 2.25 g/cm3 . #12;Question 3: The time dependence of crystallization can be described by Avrami

Medraj, Mamoun

228

Assignment 3 MECH 421 Due on Mar. 22, 06 Question 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Calculate the volume of air space in the walls of an expanded polystyrene foam cup of 50 kg/m3 densityAssignment 3 MECH 421 Due on Mar. 22, 06 Question 1: The density of polystyrene is 1.05 g/cm3 (graphite): 2.25 g/cm3 . #12;Question 3: An extruder has a barrel diameter = 5.0 inch and length = 12 ft

Medraj, Mamoun

229

Development of a propulsion system and component test facility for advanced radioisotope powered Mars Hopper platforms  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Verification and validation of design and modeling activities for radioisotope powered Mars Hopper platforms undertaken at the Center for Space Nuclear Research is essential for proof of concept. Previous research at the center has driven the selection of advanced material combinations; some of which require specialized handling capabilities. The development of a closed and contained test facility to forward this research is discussed within this paper.

Robert C. O'Brien; Nathan D. Jerred; Steven D. Howe

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Mid-latitude composition of mars from thermal and epithermal neutrons  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Epithermal neutron data acquired by Mars Odyssey have been analyzed to determine global maps of water-equivalent hydrogen abundance. By assuming that hydrogen was distributed uniformly with depth within the surface, a map of minimum water abundance was obtained. The addition of thermal neutrons to this analysis could provide information needed to determine water stratigraphy. For example, thermal and epithermal neutrons have been used together to determine the depth and abundance of waterequivalent hydrogen of a buried layer in the south polar region. Because the emission of thermal neutrons from the Martian surface is sensitive to absorption by elements other than hydrogen, analysis of stratigraphy requires that the abundance of these elements be known. For example, recently published studies of the south polar region assumed that the Mars Pathfinder mean soil composition is representative of the regional soil composition, This assumption is partially motivated by the fact that Mars appears to have a well-mixed global dust cover and that the Pathfinder soil composition is representative of the mean composition of the Martian surface. In this study, we have analyzed thermal and epithermal neutron data measured by the neutron spectrometer subsystem of the gamma ray spectrometer to determine the spatial distribution of the composition of elements other than hydrogen. We have restricted our analysis to mid-latitude regions for which we have corrected the neutron counting data for variations in atmospheric thickness.

Prettyman, T. H. (Thomas H.); Feldman, W. C. (William C.); Elphic, R. C. (Richard C.); Boynton, W. V. (William V.); Bish, D. L. (David L.); Vaniman, D. T. (David T.); Funsten, H. O. (Herbert O.); Lawrence, David J. (David Jeffery),; Maurice, S. (Sylvestre); McKinney, G. W. (Gregg W.); Moore, K. R. (Kurt R.); Tokar, R. L. (Robert L.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Ichoku-Kahn_Mar_2013_DOE-ASR_satfire.ppt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ichoku and Ralph Kahn Ichoku and Ralph Kahn Climate & Radiation Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD Station Fire in California, near JPL in Aug/Sep 2009 courtesy of http://hometown-pasadena.com/ Alaska Border Fires (summer 2004) with massive smoke emission Terra-MODIS image of July 01, 2004, 21:40 UTC courtesy of MODIS Rapid Response team Fire Affects Environ, AQ, Weather, and Climate Smoke Warming over Bright Surfaces (Ice and Clouds) Smoke Cooling over Dark Surfaces (Vegetation and Ocean) Smoke Affects Cloud Microphysics and Heating Rate Smoke PM and Gases Affect Air Quality Fire Disturbance to Ecosystem, Life & Property Black Carbon Deposition on Snow and Ice Global Fire Activity MODIS Fire detections for 10 days: Apr 30 - May 9, 2012

232

Estimating hydraulic conductivity from drainage patterns - A comparison case study in the Cascade Range, Oregon and the Mare Tyrrhenum quadrangle on Mars.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This study introduces a new method of estimating hydraulic conductivity on Mars from drainage dissection patterns. This method was first tested on Earth in (more)

Grudzinski, Bartosz Piotr

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Distribution and time-variation of spire streaks at Pavonis Mons on Mars T. Toyota a,b,, K. Kurita b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Distribution and time-variation of spire streaks at Pavonis Mons on Mars T. Toyota a,b,?, K. Kurita

Spiga, Aymeric

234

electric rates | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

electric rates electric rates Dataset Summary Description This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011. Source NREL and Ventyx Date Released February 24th, 2012 (2 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords electric rates rates US utilities Data text/csv icon IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 1.7 MiB) text/csv icon Non-IOU rates by zipcode (csv, 2.1 MiB)

235

Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Schedules Rate Schedules Rate Schedules One of the major responsibilities of Southeastern is to design, formulate, and justify rate schedules. Repayment studies prepared by the agency determine revenue requirements and appropriate rate levels and these studies for each of Southeastern's four power marketing systems are updated annually. They demonstrate the adequacy of the rates for each system. Rates are considered to be adequate when revenues are sufficient to repay all costs associated with power production and transmission costs, which include the amortization of the Federal investment allocated to power. Latest Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012

236

National Utility Rate Database: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

When modeling solar energy technologies and other distributed energy systems, using high-quality expansive electricity rates is essential. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a utility rate platform for entering, storing, updating, and accessing a large collection of utility rates from around the United States. This utility rate platform lives on the Open Energy Information (OpenEI) website, OpenEI.org, allowing the data to be programmatically accessed from a web browser, using an application programming interface (API). The semantic-based utility rate platform currently has record of 1,885 utility rates and covers over 85% of the electricity consumption in the United States.

Ong, S.; McKeel, R.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

THE MARS HOPPER: AN IMPULSE DRIVEN, LONG RANGE, LONG-LIVED MOBILE PLATFORM UTILIZING IN-SITU MARTIAN RESOURCES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The requirements for performance by planetary exploration missions are increasing. Landing at a single location to take data is no longer sufficient. Due to the increasing cost, the missions that provide mobile platforms that can acquire data at displaced locations are becoming more attractive. Landers have also had limited range due to power limitations, limited lifetime of subsystems and the inability to negotiate rough terrain. The Center for Space Nuclear Research has designed an instrumented platform that can acquire detailed data at hundreds of locations during its lifetime - a Mars Hopper. The Mars Hopper concept utilizes energy from radioisotopic decay in a manner different from any existing radioisotopic power sourcesas a thermal capacitor. By accumulating the heat from radioisotopic decay for long periods, the power of the source can be dramatically increased for short periods. Thus, a radioisotopic thermal rocket (RTR) is possible. The platform will be able to hop from one location to the next every 5-7 days with a separation of 5-10 km per hop. Each platform will weigh around 50 kgs unfueled which is the condition at deployment. Consequently, several platforms may be deployed on a single launch from Earth. With a lifetime estimated at 5-7 years, the entire surface of Mars can be mapped in detail by a couple dozen platforms. In addition, Hoppers can collect samples and deliver them to the Mars Science Laboratory for more detailed analysis. The design and performance of the Mars Hopper will be discussed.

Robert C. O'Brien; Mark McKay; Brian Gross; JOnathan Webb

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Operational dose rate visualization techniques  

SciTech Connect

The analysis of the gamma ray dose rate in the vicinity of a radiation source can be greatly aided by the use of recent state-of-the-art visualization techniques. The method involves calculating dose rates at thousands of locations within a complex geometry system. This information is then processed to create contour plots of the dose rate. Additionally, when these contour plots are created, animations can be created that dynamically display the dose rate as the shields or sources are moved.

Schwarz, R.A.; Morford, R.J.; Carter, L.L.; Jones, G.B.; Greenborg, J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

DOE Guidance-Category Rating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE's) policy for the use of Category Rating.

240

ARCS Access Rate Control System  

protected steel housing. ... Access Rate Control System This rugged, maintenance- ... Y-12 is seeking an industry partner to fully com-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Optimization of a Mu2e production solenoid heat and radiation shield using MARS15  

SciTech Connect

A Monte-Carlo study of several Mu2e Production Solenoid (PS) absorber (heat shield) versions using the MARS15 code has been performed. Optimizations for material as well as cost (amount of tungsten) have been carried out. Studied are such quantities as the number of displacements per atom (DPA) in the helium-cooled solenoid superconducting coils, power density and dynamic heat load in various parts of the PS and its surrounding structures. Prompt dose, residual dose, secondary particle flux are also simulated in the PS structures and the experimental hall. A preliminary choice of the PS absorber design is made on the ground of these studies.

Pronskikh, V.S.; Mokhov, N.V.; /Fermilab

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Planning & Budget Strategy/FRA Agenda (IPPM) (5+ Yrs) ● Leadership Workshop ● Agenda Working Draft ● Leadership Workshop ▲ Agenda Final Draft ▲ Agenda Issued/ Communicated Program Execution Plans* (IPPM/Sectors) ● Mission Workshop ● Support Workshop ▲ Initial Program Execution Plans Completed for Budget Briefing Meetings ▲ Updated Program Execution Plans Submitted ● Mission Workshop ● Support Workshop ● Call for Sector Preliminary Execution Plans ▲ Finalize Program Execution Plans ▲ Program Execution Plans Posted & Communicated Annual Lab Plan (IPPM/CFO)

243

Asymptotic Cellular Growth Rate as the Effective Information Utilization Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the average asymptotic growth rate of cells in randomly fluctuating environments. Using a game-theoretic perspective, we show that any response strategy has an asymptotic growth rate, which is the sum of: (i) the maximal growth rate at the worst possible distribution of environments, (ii) relative information between the actual distribution of environments to the worst one, and (iii) information utilization rate which is the information rate of the sensory devices minus the "information dissipation rate", the amount of information not utilized by the cell for growth. In non-stationary environments, the optimal strategy is the time average of the instantaneous optimal strategy and the optimal switching times are evenly spaced in the statistical (Fisher) metric.

Pugatch, Rami; Tlusty, Tsvi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

A scaling law for aeolian dunes on Mars, Venus, Earth, and for subaqueous ripples  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The linear stability analysis of the equations governing the evolution of a flat sand bed submitted to a turbulent shear flow predicts that the wavelength $\\lambda$ at which the bed destabilises to form dunes should scale with the drag length $L_{\\rm drag} = \\frac{\\rho_s}{\\rho_f} d$. This scaling law is tested using existing and new measurements performed in water (subaqueous ripples), in air (aeolian dunes and fresh snow dunes), in a high pressure CO$_2$ wind tunnel reproducing conditions close to the Venus atmosphere and in the low pressure CO$_2$ martian atmosphere (martian dunes). A difficulty is to determine the diameter of saltating grains on Mars. A first estimate comes from photographs of aeolian ripples taken by the rovers Opportunity and Spirit, showing grains whose diameters are smaller than on Earth dunes. In addition we calculate the effect of cohesion and viscosity on the dynamic and static transport thresholds. It confirms that the small grains visualised by the rovers should be grains experiencing saltation. Finally, we show that, within error bars, the scaling of $\\lambda$ with $L_{\\rm drag}$ holds over almost five decades. We conclude with a discussion on the time scales and velocities at which these bed instabilities develop and propagate on Mars.

Philippe Claudin; Bruno Andreotti

2006-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

245

Extensibility of the fission surface power (FSP) system from the moon to Mars  

SciTech Connect

Fission reactors have great near-term potential to power human and robotic missions/outposts on the surface of the Moon and Mars (and potentially other planets, moons, and asteroids). The ability to provide a power-rich environment that is independent of solar intensity, nights, dust storms, etc., is of significant (perhaps enabling) importance to the further expansion of humans into our solar system. NASA's Reference Fission Surface Power (FSP) System is a 40 kWe system that has been primarily designed for lunar applications. This paper examines the extensibility of the FSP design and technology for potential missions on Mars. Possible impacts include the effects of changes in heat sink, gravity, day-night cycles, mission transit time, communication delay, and the chemistry of the regolith and atmosphere. One of the biggest impacts might be differences in the potential utilization of in-situ materials for shielding. Another major factor is that different missions will likely require different performance requirements, e.g. power, lifetime and mass. This paper concludes that the environmental differences between potential mission locations will not require significant changes in design and technologies, unless performance requirements for a specific mission are substantially different than those adopted for the FSP The primary basis for this conclusion is that the FSP has been designed with robust materials and design margins.

Poston, David Irvin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

246

2011 Heat Rate Improvement Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rising cost of fuel and the strong possibility of CO2 emissions regulations and limitations in the near future, utilities and power generation companies are focusing on power plant heat rate and performance. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) 17th Heat Rate Improvement Conference is the latest in a series of meetings designed to assist attendees in addressing problems with power plant performance and in identifying cost-effective solutions for achieving and sustaining heat rate improve...

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

247

Sustainable Building Rating Systems Summary  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this document is to offer information that could be used to compare and contrast sustainable building rating systems.

Fowler, Kimberly M.; Rauch, Emily M.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Search Results for 'Credit Rating'  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The rating agency says it expects the banks asset quality to remain weak over the next 12-18 months

249

June 1 Government Rate $137  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Fitness Center The Jewelry Box & Gift Shoppe 24 Hour Front Desk Service, Sundry Shop, ATM Wireless Internet Always Complimentary 112 per night room rate effective thru April...

250

Exchange rate determination in Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis examines the options for adopting normative and prescriptive models of exchange rate determination suitable for developed and developing countries. It also develops a (more)

Rusydi, Mohammad

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Definition: Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

power, such as transformers, or transport it from one location to another, such as transmission lines, the power rating almost always refers to the maximum power flow...

252

Server efficiency rating tool (SERT)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Server Efficiency Rating Tool (SERT) [1] has been developed by Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation (SPEC) [2] at the request of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) [3], prompted by concerns that US datacenters consumed almost 3% ... Keywords: benchmark, datacenter, energy efficiency, energy star, environmental protection agency, epa, power, rating tool, sert, server, spec

Klaus-Dieter Lange; Mike G. Tricker; Jeremy A. Arnold; Hansfried Block; Sanjay Sharma

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Refinery Operable Utilization Rate - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Process: Period: Download Series History: Definitions, Sources & Notes: Show Data By: Process: Area: Mar-13 Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 View History; U.S. 84.0 ...

254

Commercial Building Asset Rating Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 eere.energy.gov 1 eere.energy.gov Commercial Building Asset Rating Program August 23, 2011 12 p.m. ET, 9 a.m. PT Presenter: Cody Taylor PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 eere.energy.gov Outline * Goals * Scope & schedule * Guiding principles * Program design issues - Metrics - Rating method - Rating scale - Opportunities for efficiency improvement - Quality assurance Please submit clarifying questions during today's webinar via the Q&A function of Live Meeting. 3 eere.energy.gov National Building Rating Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating

255

mar015  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Short-Term Energy Outlook Short-Term Energy Outlook March 2001 Overview U.S. economic growth assumptions have been lowered for this edition of the Outlook from last month's report, resulting in somewhat weaker expected growth in U.S. energy consumption. We now expect U.S. real GDP to advance at about 2.2 percent in 2001 instead of the 2.6 percent projected in February. A result of the downward revision in projected growth this year is a slightly more rapid rebound in 2002 but overall levels of economic activity are lower throughout the projection period. Oil demand in the United States and other consuming regions is now seen as likely to increase less rapidly in 2001 than projected previously. We have adjusted global oil demand growth for this year downward to 1.5 million barrels per day from the 1.6

256

Aprs l'uni, l'emploi ! Du 4 au 11 mars prochains aura lieu la 7me  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.unige.ch/forumemploi/Inscriptions2010/mckinsey.html Le Forum Uni-emploi est organisé par Uni-emploi, en collaboration avec onze Sciences II 229 Table ronde McKinsey & Cie Je 11 mars 16h15 - 17h45 M 1140 Présentation Firmenich Me 10

Rochaix, Jean-David

257

arXiv:0903.5172v1[cs.IR]30Mar2009 Delocalization transition for the Google matrix  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:0903.5172v1[cs.IR]30Mar2009 Delocalization transition for the Google matrix Olivier Giraud,1 (Dated: March 30, 2009) We study the localization properties of eigenvectors of the Google matrix by Google-type search is strongly affected in the phase of delocalized PageRank. PACS numbers: 89.20.Hh, 89

Shepelyansky, Dima

258

Visual Terrain Mapping for Mars Exploration1,2 0-7803-8155-6/04/$17.00 2004 IEEE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Visual Terrain Mapping for Mars Exploration1,2 1 0-7803-8155-6/04/$17.00© 2004 IEEE 2 IEEEAC. The techniques used include wide-baseline stereo mapping for terrain distant from the rover, bundle adjustment images. However, current rover technologies do not allow rovers to autonomously navigate to distant

Li, Rongxing ?Ron?

259

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSES OF TERRESTRIAL CRATER DEPOSITS: CONSTRAINING FORMATION AND SEDIMENT TRANSPORT PROCESSES ON MARS. M. S. Ramsey1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PROCESSES ON MARS. M. S. Ramsey1 and D. A. Crown2 , 1 Department of Geology and Planetary Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, 15260, ramsey@ivis.eps.pitt.edu, 2 Planetary Science Institute of Winslow, AZ. The im- pact of an iron-rich meteorite approximately 50,000 years BP produced a simple bowl

Ramsey, Michael

260

Supernova rates and stellar populations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the results about the nature of type Ia Supernovae that can be derived by studying their rates in different stellar populations. While the evolution of SN photometry and spectra can constrain the explosion mechanism, the SN rate depends on the progenitor system. We review the current available data on rates as a function of parent galaxy color, morphology, star formation rate, radio luminosity and environment. By studying the variation of the rates with the color of the parent galaxy, a strong evidence was established that type Ia SNe come from both young and old stars. The dependence of the rates with the radio power of the parent galaxy is best reproduced by a bimodal distribution of delay time between the formation of the progenitor and its explosion as a SN. Cluster early-type galaxies show higher type Ia SN rate with respect to field galaxies, and this effect can be due either to traces of young stars or to differences in the delay time distribution.

F. Mannucci

2007-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

DOE Guidance-Category Rating  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2010 2010 MEMORANDUM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES DIRECTORS FROM: SARA"iJ. Boku1, DIRECToR OF HUMAN C~TAL MANAGEMENT SUBJECT: GUIDANCE MEMORANDUM #10 CATEGORY RATING The purpose of this memorandum is to establish the Department of Energy's (DOE's) policy for the use of Category Rating. Authorities: Public Law 107-296; Title 5 USC 3319; 5 CFR, Part 337, Subpart C., Presidential Memorandum of May 11, 2010 This guidance is established in accordance with 5 USC 3319, which authorizes Federal Agencies to use alternative rating proced.ures in assessing applicants for employment using category rating and selection procedures, and to ensure consistency in complying with federal regulations contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Office of Personnel Management (OPM) and the Department of

262

ARM - Measurement - Radiative heating rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate govMeasurementsRadiative heating rate ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Radiative heating rate The heating rate due to the divergence of long and shortwave radiative flux. Categories Radiometric, Atmospheric State Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. External Instruments MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTS : Model Output Location Time Series Datastreams MOLTSEDASSNDCLASS1 : Model Output Loc. Time Ser. (MOLTS): EDAS

263

OpenEI - electric rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.S. Electric Utility U.S. Electric Utility Companies and Rates: Look-up by Zipcode (Feb 2011) http://en.openei.org/datasets/node/899 This dataset, compiled by NREL and Ventyx, provides average residential, commercial and industrial electricity rates by zip code for both investor owned utilities (IOU) and non-investor owned utilities. Note: the file includes average rates for each utility, but not the detailed rate structure data found in the database available via the zip-code look-up feature on the OpenEI Utilities page (http://en.openei.org/wiki/Gateway:Utilities). The data was released by NREL/Ventyx in February 2011.

264

Project Definition Rating Index (PDRI)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Office of Environmental Management (EM) Project Definition Rating Index (EM-PDRI) is a modification of a commercially developed planning tool that has been tested by an EM team specifically for...

265

Heat Rate Improvement Reference Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Performance optimization of fossil power plants is a high priority within the electric utilities in the new competitive environment. This manual can help utility engineers establish a heat rate improvement program.

1998-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

266

Exchange Rates, Information, and Crises  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equation (5.4). Standard Bayesian inference implies that theAs before, standard Bayesian inference implies that Var 1 [f so that standard Bayesian inference both exchange rate is

Fernholz, Ricardo Turrin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

High compression rate text summarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis focuses on methods for condensing large documents into highly concise summaries, achieving compression rates on par with human writers. While the need for such summaries in the current age of information overload ...

Branavan, Satchuthananthavale Rasiah Kuhan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Simulation of the output power of copper bromide lasers by the MARS method  

SciTech Connect

The dependence of the output power of CuBr lasers (operating at wavelengths of 510.6 and 578.2 nm) on ten input physical parameters has been statistically analysed based on a large amount of experimental data accumulated for these lasers. Regression models have been built using the flexible nonparametric method of multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) to describe both linear and nonlinear local dependences. These models cover more than 97% initial data with an error comparable with the experimental error; they are applied to estimate and predict the output powers of both existing and future lasers. The advantage of the models constructed for estimating laser parameters over the standard parametric methods of multivariate factor and regression analysis is demonstrated.

Iliev, I P; Voynikova, D S; Gocheva-Ilieva, S G

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

269

Mars Pathfinder Microrover A Small, Low-Cost, Low-Power Spacecraft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On December 5, 1996, NASA will launch its first Discovery Class Mission, the Mars Pathfinder. On July 4, 1997 the 450 kg spacecraft will enter into the Martian atmosphere and descend directly to the surface using a viking style aeroshell, parachutes, RAD rockets, and airbags to slow its decent. Once on the surface the tetrahedrally-shaped lander will open like a flower and release a 10.5 kg rover previously to the inside surface of one of the lander's three deployable petals. The rover will then drive off the lander and begin to perform a wide range of scientific and technological experiments. The significance of the rover is that although it is formally part of the mission's instrument payload, it is in reality a small spacecraft. It performs all the functions that a typical spacecraft performs including: navigation; command and data handling (command execution, data acquisition, telemetry packetization); power generation, distribution, and control; thermal control; telecommunications...

Henry Stone

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Construction and Testing of a Low-power Cryostat for MARS  

SciTech Connect

A low-power cryostat was designed and built for the Multi-sensor Airborne Radiation Survey (MARS) project for the purpose of housing a close-packed high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector array of 14 HPGe detectors. The power consumption of the cold mass in the cryostat was measured to be 4.07(11) watts, sufficient for 5.5 days of continuous operation using only 8 liters of liquid nitrogen. Temperatures throughout the cryostat were measured by platinum resistance temperature detectors. These measurements were used to determine the emissivity of the copper used in the floating radiation shield and outer cryostat wall, which was constructed using chemically cleaned and passivated copper metal. Using a PNNL-developed passivation process, an emissivity of 2.5(3)% was achieved for copper.

Aalseth, Craig E.; Caggiano, Joseph A.; Day, Anthony R.; Fast, James E.; Fuller, Erin S.

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

A Successful Cool Storage Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Houston Lighting & Power (HL&P) initiated design and development of its commercial cool storage program as part of an integrated resource planning process with a targeted 225 MW of demand reduction through DSM. Houston's extensive commercial air conditioning load, which is highly coincident with HL&P's system peak, provided a large market for cool storage technologies. Initial market research made it very clear that a special cool storage rate was required to successfully market the technology. Development of the rate required an integrated, multidepartment effort and extensive use of DSManager, an integrated resource planning model. An experimental version of the rate was initially implemented as part of the initial phase of the cool storage program. A permanent rate, incorporating lessons learned from the experimental rate, was then developed for the long term implementation of the program. The permanent rate went through a lengthy regulatory approval process which included intervention by a local natural gas distribution company. The end result is a very successful cool storage program with 52 projects and 31 megawatts of demand reduction in the first three and one-half years of program implementation.

Ahrens, A. C.; Sobey, T. M.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Standard Rates, Budget Office, Brookhaven National Laboratory...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Standard Rates Standard Rates for Brookhaven National Laboratory is available in PDF file formats. This file contains rates for Distributed Technical Services, Scientific Devices...

273

The Mars Hopper: Development, Simulation and Experimental Validation of a Radioisotope Exploration Probe for the Martian Surface  

SciTech Connect

An advanced exploration probe has been proposed by the Center for Space Nuclear Research (CSNR) to acquire detailed data from the Martian surface and subsurface, hop large distances to multiple sites in short periods of time and perform this task repeatedly. Although several similar flying vehicles have been proposed utilizing various power sources and complex designs, e.g. solar-electric and chemical-based, the CSNRs Mars Hopper is based on a radioisotope thermal rocket (RTR) concept. The Mars Hoppers design relies on the high specific energies [J/kg] of radioisotopes and enhances their low specific power [W/kg] through the use of a thermal capacitance material to store thermal energy over time. During operation, the RTR transfers the stored thermal energy to a flowing gas, which is then expanded through a converging-diverging nozzle, producing thrust. Between flights, the platform will have ample time to perform in-depth science at each location while the propellant tanks and thermal capacitor recharge. Recharging the propellant tanks is accomplished by sublimation freezing of the ambient CO2 atmosphere with a cryocooler, followed by heating and pressurization to yield a liquid storage state. The proposed Mars Hopper will undergo a ballistic flight, consuming the propellant in both ascent and descent, and by using multiple hopper platforms, information can be gathered on a global scale, enabling better resource resolution and providing valuable information for a possible Mars sample-return mission. The CSNR, collaborating with the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and three universities (University of Idaho, Utah State University and Oregon State University), has identified key components and sub-systems necessary for the proposed hopper. Current project activities include the development of a lab-scale prototypic Mars Hopper and test facility, along with computational fluid dynamics (CFD)/thermal-hydraulic models to yield a better understanding of the heat transfer process and complex nature of turbulent CO2 flow. Laboratory experimentation will aid design iterations and the development of both tethered and free-flying terrestrial hoppers that utilize an electrically heated core. The knowledge base acquired from these activities will refine the Mars Hoppers future performance and optimize the RTR core components prior to constructing the final design.

Nathan D. Jerred; Spencer Cooley; Robert C. O'Brien; Steven D. Howe; James E. O'Brien

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

LINEAR COUNT-RATE METER  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A linear count-rate meter is designed to provide a highly linear output while receiving counting rates from one cycle per second to 100,000 cycles per second. Input pulses enter a linear discriminator and then are fed to a trigger circuit which produces positive pulses of uniform width and amplitude. The trigger circuit is connected to a one-shot multivibrator. The multivibrator output pulses have a selected width. Feedback means are provided for preventing transistor saturation in the multivibrator which improves the rise and decay times of the output pulses. The multivibrator is connected to a diode-switched, constant current metering circuit. A selected constant current is switched to an averaging circuit for each pulse received, and for a time determined by the received pulse width. The average output meter current is proportional to the product of the counting rate, the constant current, and the multivibrator output pulse width.

Henry, J.J.

1961-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Coal Transportation Rate Sensitivity Analysis  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

On December 21, 2004, the Surface Transportation Board (STB) requested that the Energy Information Administration (EIA) analyze the impact of changes in coal transportation rates on projected levels of electric power sector energy use and emissions.Specifically, the STB requested an analysis of changes in national and regional coalconsumption and emissions resulting from adjustments in railroad transportation rates for Wyoming's Powder River Basin (PRB) coal using the National Energy Modeling System(NEMS). However, because NEMS operates at a relatively aggregate regional level and does not represent the costs of transporting coal over specific rail lines, this analysis reports on the impacts of interregional changes in transportation rates from those used in the Annual Energy Outlook 2005 (AEO2005) reference case.

John Conti

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Billiards with polynomial mixing rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While many dynamical systems of mechanical origin, in particular billiards, are strongly chaotic -- enjoy exponential mixing, the rates of mixing in many other models are slow (algebraic, or polynomial). The dynamics in the latter are intermittent between regular and chaotic, which makes them particularly interesting in physical studies. However, mathematical methods for the analysis of systems with slow mixing rates were developed just recently and are still difficult to apply to realistic models. Here we reduce those methods to a practical scheme that allows us to obtain a nearly optimal bound on mixing rates. We demonstrate how the method works by applying it to several classes of chaotic billiards with slow mixing as well as discuss a few examples where the method, in its present form, fails.

Nikolai Chernov; Hong-Kun Zhang

2004-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

277

The impact of ventilation rate on the emission rates of volatile...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

impact of ventilation rate on the emission rates of volatile organic compounds in residences Title The impact of ventilation rate on the emission rates of volatile organic...

278

Hardware implementation of wireless bit rate adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents a hardware implementation of the SoftRate bit-rate adaptation protocol. SoftRate is a new bit-rate adaptation protocol, which uses per-bit confidence hints generated by the convolutional decoder to ...

Gross, Samuel A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interest Rate Reduction Program Energy Efficiency Interest Rate Reduction Program Eligibility Residential Savings For Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial...

280

Building Energy Performance Certificate. Asset Rating.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Non-Domestic Building Energy Performance Asset Rating ... Asset Rating. Author: BRE Subject: LCEA029636 Keywords: Energy Performance Certificate ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 13 pages using this property. 4 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 +, 6 +, 3 +, ... 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 3 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 7 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 8 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 5 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + 4b524791-bef2-49b1-850b-458730755203 + 6 + E E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + E40880ac-c27b-4cbf-a011-b0d7d6e10fe9 + 1 + Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/DemandRateStructure/Tier4Rate&oldid=53975

282

SIL rating fire protection equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SIL's (Safety Integrity Levels) are used by IEC 61508:1998 [1] to characterise the required functional safety of computer control systems. For example, SIL 4, the highest rating is for fly by wire aircraft and weapons systems and track circuited train ... Keywords: SIL, fire control panels, fire systems

Richard M. Robinson; Kevin J. Anderson

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Fast repetition rate (FRR) flasher  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fast repetition rate (FRR) flasher is described suitable for high flash photolysis including kinetic chemical and biological analysis. The flasher includes a power supply, a discharge capacitor operably connected to be charged by the power supply, and a flash lamp for producing a series of flashes in response to discharge of the discharge capacitor. A triggering circuit operably connected to the flash lamp initially ionizes the flash lamp. A current switch is operably connected between the flash lamp and the discharge capacitor. The current switch has at least one insulated gate bipolar transistor for switching current that is operable to initiate a controllable discharge of the discharge capacitor through the flash lamp. Control means connected to the current switch for controlling the rate of discharge of the discharge capacitor thereby to effectively keep the flash lamp in an ionized state between successive discharges of the discharge capacitor. Advantageously, the control means is operable to discharge the discharge capacitor at a rate greater than 10,000 Hz and even up to a rate greater than about 250,000 Hz. 14 figs.

Kolber, Z.; Falkowski, P.

1997-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

284

Electric Rate Alternatives to Cogeneration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper discusses electric rate alternatives to cogeneration for the industrial customer and attempts to identify the effects on the utility company, the industrial customer as well as remaining customers. It is written from the perspective of one company and its exposure to cogenerstion within its service territory.

Sandberg, K. R. Jr.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Instability statistics and mixing rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We claim that looking at probability distributions of \\emph{finite time} largest Lyapunov exponents, and more precisely studying their large deviation properties, yields an extremely powerful technique to get quantitative estimates of polynomial decay rates of time correlations and Poincar\\'e recurrences in the -quite delicate- case of dynamical systems with weak chaotic properties.

Roberto Artuso; Cesar Manchein

2009-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

286

2010FirmRateAdj  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Firm Peaking Revenue Requirement 320.2 million P-SMPB--ED Composite Rate 33.25 millskWh Firm Demand 7.65kWmo Firm Energy 19.05 millskWh Firm Peaking Demand 6.90kWmo Firm...

287

Energy Management Through Innovative Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increased costs and a continuing dependence on uncertain supplies of domestic and foreign energy resources have prompted many companies to focus their attention on energy management. The author explores the potential for achieving a greater measure of energy efficiency in the industrial sector and specific rate design alternatives for doing so.

Williams, M. L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Look at the Interior of Mars A. Khan(1), K. Mosegaard(2), Philippe Lognonn(1) and M. Wieczorek(1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Look at the Interior of Mars A. Khan(1), K. Mosegaard(2), Philippe Lognonné(1) and M. Wieczorek(1) Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark khan@ipgp.jussieu.fr Introduction The existence factor (Q). Their values are, in this order, 0.3636±0.0017, 3933±0.4 kg/m3, 0.145±0.017, 92

Benzerara, Karim

289

A 50-100 kWe gas-cooled reactor for use on Mars.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In the space exploration field there is a general consensus that nuclear reactor powered systems will be extremely desirable for future missions to the outer solar system. Solar systems suffer from the decreasing intensity of solar radiation and relatively low power density. Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators are limited to generating a few kilowatts electric (kWe). Chemical systems are short-lived due to prodigious fuel use. A well designed 50-100 kWe nuclear reactor power system would provide sufficient power for a variety of long term missions. This thesis will present basic work done on a 50-100 kWe reactor power system that has a reasonable lifespan and would function in an extraterrestrial environment. The system will use a Gas-Cooled Reactor that is directly coupled to a Closed Brayton Cycle (GCR-CBC) power system. Also included will be some variations on the primary design and their effects on the characteristics of the primary design. This thesis also presents a variety of neutronics related calculations, an examination of the reactor's thermal characteristics, feasibility for use in an extraterrestrial environment, and the reactor's safety characteristics in several accident scenarios. While there has been past work for space reactors, the challenges introduced by thin atmospheres like those on Mars have rarely been considered.

Peters, Curtis D. (.)

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Benchmarking Heavy Ion Transport Codes FLUKA, HETC-HEDS MARS15, MCNPX, and PHITS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Powerful accelerators such as spallation neutron sources, muon-collider/neutrino facilities, and rare isotope beam facilities must be designed with the consideration that they handle the beam power reliably and safely, and they must be optimized to yield maximum performance relative to their design requirements. The simulation codes used for design purposes must produce reliable results. If not, component and facility designs can become costly, have limited lifetime and usefulness, and could even be unsafe. The objective of this proposal is to assess the performance of the currently available codes â?? PHITS, FLUKA, MARS15, MCNPX, and HETC-HEDS â?? that could be used for design simulations involving heavy ion transport. We plan to access their performance by performing simulations and comparing results against experimental data of benchmark quality. Quantitative knowledge of the biases and the uncertainties of the simulations is essential as this potentially impacts the safe, reliable and cost effective design of any future radioactive ion beam facility. Further benchmarking of heavy-ion transport codes was one of the actions recommended in the â??Report of the 2003 RIA R&D Workshop".

Ronningen, Reginald Martin [Michigan State University; Remec, Igor [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Heilbronn, Lawrence H. [University of Tennessee-Knoxville

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

291

A NOVEL METHOD FOR CUTTINGS REMOVAL FROM HOLES DURING PERCUSSIVE DRILLING ON MARS ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Acquiring samples from the subsurface of Mars poses many challenges. The scientific return increases with the depth from which the samples are obtained, but so does the risk. Thus, it is important to develop a fully autonomous drilling platform that will be capable of accessing the required depth and retrieving cores for scientific analysis. The method of drilling most likely to succeed will be a conventional mechanical core drill, either rotary or percussive, with a mechanical system for removing the cuttings and rock core from the hole. Instead of fluid flushing systems for removing cuttings, which would be very difficult to provide and in addition may contaminate the sample, an auger system is the best solution for rotary drilling. However, no such solution has been identified for the percussive drilling method. To solve this problem, a novel means of conveying cuttings out of the hole during percussive drilling has been developed and is presented in this paper. It relies on the reciprocating action between a pair of surfaces covered with bristles. Experimental results show that there is an optimum ratio of particle diameter to bristle length that gives the highest speed of particle conveyance. This new method also stabilizes the hole so that the drill string may be removed to recover a rock core sample. 1

Kris Zacny; Michael Quayle; Mara Mcfadden; Adam Neugebauer; Kenji Huang; George Cooper (faculty Advisor

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rate Rate Escalations to someone by E-mail Share Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Facebook Tweet about Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Twitter Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Google Bookmark Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Delicious Rank Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on Digg Find More places to share Federal Energy Management Program: Water Rate Escalations on AddThis.com... Sustainable Buildings & Campuses Operations & Maintenance Greenhouse Gases Water Efficiency Basics Federal Requirements Best Management Practices Analysis and Evaluation Water Rate Escalations Evaluation Service Contracts Case Studies Resources

293

P-D Project Rate Adjustment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parker-Davis Project Rate Adjustment Data Parker-Davis Project Rate Adjustment Data FY2014 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design Preliminary PRS Final Documents Notification of Rates Final CAS Final Rate Design Final PRS FY2013 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design Preliminary PRS Supplemental Information Final Documents Notification of Rates Final CAS Final Rate Design Final PRS FY2012 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design Preliminary PRS Customer Requested Scenario Final Documents Notification of Rates Final CAS Final Rate Design Final PRS FY2011 Informal Customer Meeting Notification of Meeting Presentation Preliminary CAS Preliminary Rate Design

294

Further Study on Atmospheric Lapse Rate Regimes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lapse rate, moist adiabatic lapse rate and the critical lapse rate for baroclinic adjustment are calculated as was done by Stone and Carlson using a different data set covering both hemispheres. Results show very good agreement in low latitudes, ...

Shi-Keng Yang; G. Louis Smith

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Narrowing the estimates of species migration rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of species migration rates How fast can species migrate?estimate population growth rates for each population sinceon their data 1 show that the rate of population spread is

Blois, Jessica L.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Definition: Thermal Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Thermal Rating The maximum amount of electrical current that a transmission line or electrical facility can conduct over a...

297

4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 39 Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates 4. Trends in Natural Gas Transportation Rates

298

Form:Utility Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Form:Utility Rate Jump to: navigation, search Add or Update Utility Rate Information Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

299

Proteomic analysis of the nuclear matrix in the early stages of rat liver carcinogenesis: Identification of differentially expressed and MAR-binding proteins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tumor progression is characterized by definite changes in the protein composition of the nuclear matrix (NM). The interactions of chromatin with the NM occur via specific DNA sequences called MARs (matrix attachment regions). In the present study, we applied a proteomic approach along with a Southwestern assay to detect both differentially expressed and MAR-binding NM proteins, in persistent hepatocyte nodules (PHN) in respect with normal hepatocytes (NH). In PHN, the NM undergoes changes both in morphology and in protein composition. We detected over 500 protein spots in each two dimensional map and 44 spots were identified. Twenty-three proteins were differentially expressed; among these, 15 spots were under-expressed and 8 spots were over-expressed in PHN compared to NH. These changes were synchronous with several modifications in both NM morphology and the ability of NM proteins to bind nuclear RNA and/or DNA containing MARs sequences. In PHN, we observed a general decrease in the expression of the basic proteins that bound nuclear RNA and the over-expression of two species of Mw 135 kDa and 81 kDa and pI 6.7-7.0 and 6.2-7.4, respectively, which exclusively bind to MARs. These results suggest that the deregulated expression of these species might be related to large-scale chromatin reorganization observed in the process of carcinogenesis by modulating the interaction between MARs and the scaffold structure.

Barboro, Paola [Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 - 16132 Genova (Italy); D'Arrigo, Cristina [C.N.R., Istituto per lo Studio delle Macromolecole, ISMAC, Sezione di Genova, Via De Marini, 6 - 16149 Genova (Italy); Repaci, Erica [Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 - 16132 Genova (Italy); Bagnasco, Luca [Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 - 16132 Genova (Italy); Dipartimento di Oncologia, Biologia e Genetica, Universita di Genova, Largo R. Benzi, 10 - 16132 Genova (Italy); Orecchia, Paola; Carnemolla, Barbara [Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 - 16132 Genova (Italy); Patrone, Eligio [C.N.R., Istituto per lo Studio delle Macromolecole, ISMAC, Sezione di Genova, Via De Marini, 6 - 16149 Genova (Italy); Balbi, Cecilia [Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro, Largo Rosanna Benzi, 10 - 16132 Genova (Italy)], E-mail: cecilia.balbi@istge.it

2009-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

300

CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Updated: 12/20/2013 Updated: 12/20/2013 CRSP Transmission Sales Rate History Rate Schedule Effective Dates Nonfirm (Mills/kWh) Firm ($/kW-yr.) Firm ($/kW-mo.) None Through 3/83 1.000 $ 6.60 $0.55 SP-FT1 4/83 - 6/86 N.A. $10.27 $0.86 SP-NFT1 4/83 - 6/86 2.000 N.A. SP-FT2 7/86 - 6/89 N.A. $15.94 $1.33 SP-NFT2 7/86 - 7/89 3.100 N.A. SP-FT3 7/89 - 9/92 N.A. $21.72 $1.81 SP-NFT3 8/89 - 3/98 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-FT4 10/92 - 3/98 N.A. $22.68 $1.89 SP-NFT4 4/98 - 3/03 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP5 4/98 - 3/99 N.A. $26.70 $2.23 4/99 - 3/00 N.A. $26.19 $2.18 4/00 - 3/01 N.A. $26.14 $2.18 4/01 - 3/02 N.A. $25.63 $2.14 4/02 - 9/02 N.A. $21.33 $1.78 SP-NFT5 10/02 - 9/07 Mutually Agreed N.A. 10/07-9/08 Mutually Agreed N.A. SP-PTP6 10/02 - 9/03 N.A. $24.72 $2.06

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association

302

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Services » Rate Schedules » Wholesale Power Rate Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2012 ALA-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: PowerSouth Energy Cooperative System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-1-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke On-System System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-2-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Central System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-3-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: None System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 Duke-4-E Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Duke Self-Schedulers System: Georgia-Alabama-South Carolina October 1, 2012 MISS-1-N Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: South Mississippi Electric Power Association

303

utility rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

utility rate utility rate Home Sfomail's picture Submitted by Sfomail(48) Member 17 May, 2013 - 11:14 Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! API developer OpenEI update utility Utility Companies utility rate Utility Rates version 1 version 2 version 3 web service Smart meter After several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_rates Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 22 June, 2012 - 09:30 Increasing ask query limit developer utility rate An NREL user who is trying to use the utility rate service was having an issue. He writes "I noticed that any rates past 10,000 are not accessible via json. For example, this query only returns two entries:

304

An assessment of crew exposures during nuclear-powered manned Mars missions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is currently studying a variety of mission scenarios designed to establish a permanent human presence on the surface of Mars. Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP) is one of the possible designs for this program. During the initial stages of vehicle design work, careful consideration must be given to, not only the shielding requirements of natural space radiations, but to the shielding and configuration requirements of the on-board reactors. In this work, the radiation transport code MCNP has been used to make initial estimates of crew exposures to reactor radiation fields for a specific manned NIFP vehicle design. In this design, three 25 MWt scaled SP-1 00-class reactor radiations are shielded by three identical shields. Each shield layers beryllium, tungsten, and lithium hydride between the reactor and the crew compartment. In a related project, separate calculations are made of both the exiting neutron and gamma fluxes from the reactors during beginning-of-life, full-power operation. This data is then used as the source terms for particle transport in MCNP. The total gamma and neutron fluxes exiting the reactor shields are recorded and separate transport calculations are then performed for a 10 g cm-2 crew compartment aluminum thickness. Estimates of crew exposures have been assessed for various thicknesses of the shield tungsten and lithium hydride layers. A minimal tungsten thickness of 20 cm is required to shield the reactor photons below the 0.05 Sv y-I limit. In addition to a 20-.cm thick tungsten layer, a 40-cm thick lithium hydride layer is required to shield the reactor neutrons below the annual lin-At. If the tungsten layer is 30-cm thick, the lithium hydride layer should be at least 30-cm thick. These estimates do not take the photons generated by neutron interactions inside the shield into account because the neutron MCNP cross sections did not allow reliable estimates of photon production.

Delisle, Christine Louise

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Distributed Rate Allocation for Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes a distributed algorithm for rate allocation in wireless networks. As the main result, the paper establishes that this algorithm is throughput-optimal for very general class of throughput regions. In contrast to distributed on-off scheduling algorithms, this algorithm enables optimal utilization of physical layer schemes by scheduling multiple rate levels. The algorithm is based on a Markov process on these discrete set of rates with certain transition rates. For dealing with multiple rate levels, the paper introduces an important structure for the transition rates, which enable the design of appropriate update rule for these transition rates. The update uses local queue length information alone, and thus does not require global exchange of queue length information. In addition, the algorithm requires that each link can determine the feasibility of increasing its data-rate from the current value without reducing the data-rates of other links. Determining rate feasibility does not introduce...

Jose, Jubin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Property:OpenEI/UtilityRate/EnergyRateStructure/Tier5Rate | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rate" Rate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 0 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 00c88d6d-e3b0-4128-ad3e-a93f686cf6e3 + 0.227 + 019be14c-4635-4529-af90-799cbf5d7865 + 0.0335 + 019be14c-4635-4529-af90-799cbf5d7865 + 0.0335 + 02b061e1-f065-421e-9ebc-76aef4734486 + 0.079 + 02b061e1-f065-421e-9ebc-76aef4734486 + 0.079 + 02fc76fd-35ff-44c3-bc85-1fb1918f125b + 0.0978 + 02fc76fd-35ff-44c3-bc85-1fb1918f125b + 0.0978 + 0402cc99-ab16-40cc-83e7-2c5910a825a1 + 0.061 + 0402cc99-ab16-40cc-83e7-2c5910a825a1 + 0.061 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.0587 +, 0.044 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.044 + 041466a9-81ca-4fce-90e3-e718159347a9 + 0.0587 + 047086c9-976d-4a05-90d5-b67afaf60851 + 0.0583 +

307

Wholesale Power Rate Schedules | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Schedules Schedules Wholesale Power Rate Schedules October 1, 2011 CBR-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Big Rivers and Henderson, KY System: CU October 1, 2011 CSI-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Southern Illinois System: CU October 1, 2011 CK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: KU Area System: CU October 1, 2011 CEK-1-H Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: East Kentucky System: CU October 1, 2011 CC-1-I Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: CP&L Area, Western Division System: CU September 20, 2011 JW-1-J Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Woodruff Preference Customer System: Jim Woodruff September 20, 2011 JW-2-F Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: Florida Power Corporation System: Jim Woodruff November 17, 2010 AP-1-B Wholesale Power Rate Schedule Area: American Electric Power

308

Computerized extrapolation of hydrolysis rate data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The program RATE was developed to aid in the extrapolation and interpretation of hydrolysis rate data to a format that is useful for environmental risk assessment. Hydrolysis data typically are reported in the literature as pseudo-first-order rate constants at the temperature and pH of the reaction medium used to obtain the kinetics information. The utility of RATE lies in its ability to estimate first-order rate constants at other values of temperature and pH and to convert pseudo-first-order rate constants to second-order rate constants. RATE also will calculate the half-life for the overall reaction, including neutral-, base-, and acid-mediated hydrolysis, at any selected temperature and pH. RATE, programmed in FORTRAN, is used to systematically analyze data for entry in FATE, a comprehensive environmental fate constants information system database.

Hamrick, K.J.; Kollig, H.P.; Bartell, B.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

1996 Wholesale Power and Transmission Rate Schedules.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bonneville Power Administration`s (BPA) 1996 Wholesale Power Rate Schedules, 1996 Ancillary Products and Services Rate Schedule, 1996 Transmission Rate Schedules, and General Rate Schedule Provisions, contained herein, were approved on an interim basis effective October 1, 1996. These rate schedules and provisions were approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), United States Department of Energy, in September 1996 (Docket Nos EF96-2011-000 and EF96f-2021-000). These rate schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions were approved on a final basis by the FERC July 30, 1997, in Dept. of Energy--Bonneville Power Administration, Docket Nos. EF96-2011-000 and EF96-2021-000. Except as noted elsewhere, these 1996 rate schedules and provisions supersede BPA`s Wholesale Power Rate Schedules and General Rate Schedule Provisions, and Transmission Rate Schedules and General Transmission Rate Schedule Provisions, effective October 1, 1995. These rate schedules and general rate schedule provisions include all errata.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Experimental investigations of photochemically-generated organic aerosols and applications to early Earth and Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Titans atmospheric aerosols from in situ pyrolysis andformation rates of organic aerosols through time-resolved inExperiments of Titan Aerosol Analogues in Preparation for

Chu, Emily Faye

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

OpenEI Community - utility rate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rates API Rates API Version 2 is Live! http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rates-api-version-2-live Smart meterAfter several months of development and testing, the next generation web service for the utility rate database is finally here! I encourage you to check out the V2 Utility Rates API at rates">http://en.openei.org/services/doc/rest/util_ratesrates-api-version-2-live" target="_blank">read more

312

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: API Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry API The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Rmckeel 6 Sep 2013 - 14:00 Blog entry API Lighting Electricity Rates on OpenEI Sfomail 31 May 2013 - 12:04 Blog entry API Utility Rates API Version 2 is Live! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 11:14 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis

313

Cross-layer wireless bit rate adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents SoftRate, a wireless bit rate adaptation protocol that is responsive to rapidly varying channel conditions. Unlike previous work that uses either frame receptions or signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimates ...

Vutukuru, Mythili

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Cross-Layer Wireless Bit Rate Adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents SoftRate, a wireless bit rate adaptation protocol that is responsive to rapidly varying channel conditions. Unlike previous work that uses either frame receptions or signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimates ...

Vutukuru, Mythili

315

Transfer Rate vs. I/O Units  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

O Units Transfer Rate vs. IO Units These plots show the transfer rate from the IO benchmarks as a function of the number of elizaio units in use for each particular eliza at the...

316

Cumulus Parameterization and Rainfall Rates I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Modeling of convective rainfall rates is a central problem in tropical meteorology. Toward numerical weather prediction efforts the semi-prognostic approach (i.e., a one time-step prediction of rainfall rates) provides a relevant test of cumulus ...

T. N. Krishnamurti; Y. Ramanathan; Hua-Lu Pan; Richard J. Pasch; John Molinari

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Why Oceanic Dissipation Rates Are Not Lognormal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In their derivation of the lognormal probability density function for volume-averaged dissipation rates, Gurvich and Yaglom assumed explicitly that these dissipation rates are statistically homogeneous and that the averaging scale is small ...

Hidekatsu Yamazaki; Rolf Lueck

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

A Probability Distribution Model for Rain Rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A systematic approach is suggested for modeling the probability distribution of rain rate. Rain rate, conditional on rain and averaged over a region, is modeled as a temporally homogeneous diffusion process with appropriate boundary conditions. ...

Benjamin Kedem; Harry Pavlopoulos; Xiaodong Guan; David A. Short

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Rain Rate Estimates from Differential Polarization Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an analysis of the accuracy of rain rate estimates from data observed with a radar that has alternating horizontal and vertical polarization. Theoretical accuracies of rain rates from the reflectivity, the differential ...

M. Sachidananda; D. S. Zrni?

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

On-site Housing Rates | Staff Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Effective February 1, 2013 Rates for Occupancy < 30-Days Guest House* SingleDouble: 105.00 per day Housekeeping service is provided on all working days. *Alternatives to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

CONVERGENCE AND CONVERGENCE RATE OF STOCHASTIC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gence rate of { ?f(?n)2}n?0 and {f(?n)}n?0 is the slower of the rates O(??r? n. ) (the ...... for ??,s nj ? knj+1. Then...

322

Geomagnetic Reversals: Rates, Timescales, Preferred Paths,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Geomagnetic Reversals: Rates, Timescales, Preferred Paths, Statistical Models and Simulations: Geomagnetic reversals, Reversal rates, Paleointensity, Statistics of Geodynamo September 30, 2001 #12;Abstract Paleomagnetic data on geomagnetic reversals are divided into two general categories: times of occurrence

Constable, Catherine G.

323

Rio Grande Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) R5-F1 1940 - 1949 3.000 - 8.000 (declining...

324

Collbran Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) Contract 1262 - 1283 (Firm Only) (Nonfirm...

325

Reproduction Rates for 19902002 and Intrinsic Rates for 20002001: United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ObjectiveThis report presents revised rates of reproduction for 199093, reproduction rates for 19942002, and intrinsic rates for 20002001. The revised rates for 199193 are based on populations consistent with the April 1, 2000, census, as are the rates for 19942002. MethodsTabular and graphic data on the reproduction and intrinsic rates by race and Hispanic origin of mother are presented and described. ResultsRates of reproduction (total fertility, gross reproduction, and net reproduction rates), the intrinsic rate of natural increase, and the intrinsic birth rate were lower in 2001 (and 2002) than 1990. Among the race and Hispanic subgroups, the reproduction rates were lower for all groups except Cubans and whites (total). The overall intrinsic death rate increased between 1990 and 2001 with the rate declining for whites (total) but increasing for blacks (total).

Brady E. Hamilton, Ph.D.; Division Of Vital Statistics

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Effects of Sequence Partitioning on Compression Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the paper, a theoretical work is done for investigating effects of splitting data sequence into packs of data set. We proved that a partitioning of data sequence is possible to find such that the entropy rate at each subsequence is lower than entropy rate of the source. Effects of sequence partitioning on overall compression rate are argued on the bases of partitioning statistics, and then, an optimization problem for an optimal partition is defined to improve overall compression rate of a sequence.

Alagoz, B Baykant

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Science & Technology Principal Directo rate Industrial ...  

Erik Stenehjem Science & Technology Principal Directo rate Industrial Partnerships Office Erik Stenehjem Director----Roger Werne Deputy Director

328

EPRI's Twelfth Heat Rate Improvement Conference Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Twelfth Heat Rate Improvement Conference, sponsored by EPRI's Heat Rate and Cost Optimization Value Package, is the latest in a series of meetings designed to assist utilities in addressing problems with power plant performance and in identifying cost-effective solutions for achieving and maintaining heat rate improvement. The last conference was held in Baltimore in September 1998.

2001-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

329

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:1103.2923v1[math.OC]15Mar2011 Estimation of Saturation of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors a parametric model of the saturated Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) together with an estimation: Permanent magnet synchronous motor, mag- netic circuit modeling, magnetic saturation, energy-based mod

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

330

arXiv:1003.2138v1[cs.IT]10Mar2010 1 Need-based Communication for Smart Grid: When  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:1003.2138v1[cs.IT]10Mar2010 1 Need-based Communication for Smart Grid: When to Inquire Power Price? Husheng Li and Robert C. Qiu Abstract-- In smart grid, a home appliance can adjust its power on smart grid do not consider the cost of communications which cannot be ignored in many situations

Qiu, Robert Caiming

331

Definition: Emergency Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Emergency Rating Emergency Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Emergency Rating The rating as defined by the equipment owner that specifies the level of electrical loading or output, usually expressed in megawatts (MW) or Mvar or other appropriate units, that a system, facility, or element can support, produce, or withstand for a finite period. The rating assumes acceptable loss of equipment life or other physical or safety limitations for the equipment involved.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Emergency_Rating&oldid=480317" Categories:

332

Water Rate Escalations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate Escalations Rate Escalations Water Rate Escalations October 8, 2013 - 9:55am Addthis Federal agencies need accurate water cost escalation rates to perform life cycle cost analyses for water efficiency projects to meet Executive Order 13514 and Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 requirements. To estimate long-term escalation rates of potable water, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted an analysis. Using the trends from this study, Federal facility managers can select escalation rates from studied cities with similar circumstances to their facility locations such as U.S. region, water source, or drought tendencies. Also they can make more informed choices on possible water escalation rates that can be used in economic analysis of water efficiency projects.

333

Utility Rates | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rates Utility Rates Home Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 6 September, 2013 - 14:00 The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated API Utility Rates There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data. Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 11 June, 2013 - 09:33 Tip for working with approvals on OpenEI EZFeed Utility Rates The "ApprovedRevs" extension is the feature on OpenEI that allows

334

A model for the development of a lobate alpine rock glacier in southwest Colorado, USA: implications for water on Mars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rock glaciers play a significant role in the alpine debris transport system. For practical and engineering considerations, identifying the internal structure and its relationship to surface characteristics is significant in terms of how a rock glacier settles during periods of melting, and the mode of deformation. A better understanding of these factors is important for engineers, engineering geologists and geomorphologists who must make prudent evaluations of rock glaciers as potential sites for human development and uses. It is equally important for evaluating potential stores for water on other planets such as Mars. Ground penetrating radar (GPR) shows that the internal structure of a lobate rock glacier located in the San Juan Mountains of southwest Colorado consists of continuous to semi-continuous horizontal layers of ice-supersaturated sediments and coarse blocky rockslide debris which likely formed through catastrophic episodes of rockfall from the cirque headwall. Folds in the uppermost layers correspond to the surface expression of ridges and furrows, indicating that compressive stresses originating in the steep accumulation zone are transmitted downslope through the rock glacier. The rock glacier is a composite feature that formed by a process involving the development and overlap of discrete flow lobes that have overridden older glacial moraine and protalus rampart materials. The latter materials have been incorporated into the present flow structure of the rock glacier. The discovery of rock glacier-like features on Mars suggests the presence of flowing, or once-flowing ice-rock mixtures. These landforms, which include lobate debris aprons, concentric crater fill and lineated valley fill, hold significant promise as reservoirs of stored water ice that could be used as fuel sources for human exploration of Mars and provide a frozen record of the climatic history of the planet. To this end, the rock glacier in this study was used as a surrogate for similar Martian landforms. Liquid water, found to be abundant in this rock glacier, occurs within a network of interconnected channels that permeate throughout the landform. In terms of water storage within Martian analogs, consideration must include the possibility that some water ice may be stored in relatively pure form within lenses and vein networks that are supplied by seasonal frost accumulation and/or water influx from below.

Degenhardt, John Jerome

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Methodology assessment and recommendations for the Mars science laboratory launch safety analysis.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy has assigned to Sandia National Laboratories the responsibility of producing a Safety Analysis Report (SAR) for the plutonium-dioxide fueled Multi-Mission Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator (MMRTG) proposed to be used in the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission. The National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA) is anticipating a launch in fall of 2009, and the SAR will play a critical role in the launch approval process. As in past safety evaluations of MMRTG missions, a wide range of potential accident conditions differing widely in probability and seventy must be considered, and the resulting risk to the public will be presented in the form of probability distribution functions of health effects in terms of latent cancer fatalities. The basic descriptions of accident cases will be provided by NASA in the MSL SAR Databook for the mission, and on the basis of these descriptions, Sandia will apply a variety of sophisticated computational simulation tools to evaluate the potential release of plutonium dioxide, its transport to human populations, and the consequent health effects. The first step in carrying out this project is to evaluate the existing computational analysis tools (computer codes) for suitability to the analysis and, when appropriate, to identify areas where modifications or improvements are warranted. The overall calculation of health risks can be divided into three levels of analysis. Level A involves detailed simulations of the interactions of the MMRTG or its components with the broad range of insults (e.g., shrapnel, blast waves, fires) posed by the various accident environments. There are a number of candidate codes for this level; they are typically high resolution computational simulation tools that capture details of each type of interaction and that can predict damage and plutonium dioxide release for a range of choices of controlling parameters. Level B utilizes these detailed results to study many thousands of possible event sequences and to build up a statistical representation of the releases for each accident case. A code to carry out this process will have to be developed or adapted from previous MMRTG missions. Finally, Level C translates the release (or ''source term'') information from Level B into public risk by applying models for atmospheric transport and the health consequences of exposure to the released plutonium dioxide. A number of candidate codes for this level of analysis are available. This report surveys the range of available codes and tools for each of these levels and makes recommendations for which choices are best for the MSL mission. It also identities areas where improvements to the codes are needed. In some cases a second tier of codes may be identified to provide supporting or clarifying insight about particular issues. The main focus of the methodology assessment is to identify a suite of computational tools that can produce a high quality SAR that can be successfully reviewed by external bodies (such as the Interagency Nuclear Safety Review Panel) on the schedule established by NASA and DOE.

Sturgis, Beverly Rainwater; Metzinger, Kurt Evan; Powers, Dana Auburn; Atcitty, Christopher B.; Robinson, David B; Hewson, John C.; Bixler, Nathan E.; Dodson, Brian W.; Potter, Donald L.; Kelly, John E.; MacLean, Heather J.; Bergeron, Kenneth Donald (Sala & Associates); Bessette, Gregory Carl; Lipinski, Ronald J.

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Building energy benchmarks and rating tools | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools Building energy benchmarks and rating tools More...

337

ANL/APS/TB-54, Dose Calculations using MARS for Bremsstrahlung Beam Stops and Collimators in APS Beamline Stations  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 DOSE CALCULATIONS USING MARS FOR BREMSSTRAHLUNG BEAM STOPS AND COLLIMATORS IN APS BEAMLINE STATIONS Jeffrey C. Dooling Accelerator Systems Division Advanced Photon Source August 2010 This work is sponsored by the US Department of Energy Office of Science The submitted manuscript has been created by UChicago Argonne, LLC, Operator of Argonne National Laboratory ("Argonne"). Argonne, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science laboratory, is operated under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display

338

Definition: Penetration Rate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Penetration Rate Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Penetration Rate The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition The Rate of penetration, abbreviated as ROP as used in the drilling industry, is the speed at which a drill bit breaks the rock under it to deepen the borehole. Also known as penetration rate or drill rate. It is normally measured in feet per minute or meters per hour, but sometimes it is expressed in minutes per foot.

339

Rate-Making Policy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rate-Making Policy Rate-Making Policy Rate-Making Policy < Back Eligibility Investor-Owned Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 2005 State Wisconsin Program Type Generating Facility Rate-Making Provider Public Service Commission of Wisconsin WI Act 7 states that, when proposing the purchase or construction of an electric generating facility, a utility may "apply to the [WI Public Service Commission] for an order specifying in advance the rate-making principles" that the Public Service Commission will use for "future rate-making proceedings." The Nuclear Energy Institute highlights that "There is no restriction on

340

On loading rate effects in toughening processes  

SciTech Connect

Environmental crack tip reactions are a known source of premature fracture in oxides. These rate-dependent phenomena commonly are studied in strength tests where loading rate serves as the major experimental variable. A material susceptible to environmentally-assisted crack growth is stronger at fast testing rates. A topic which has received far less attention is the influence of stressing rate or loading rate on the shielding processes which occur at some distance from the crack tip, although the inverse has been studied by Deuerler et al. The authors present here the first known documentation of a loading rate effect on shielding phenomena in ceramic materials. For these experiments Coors AD 94 alumina was chosen for study.

Tandon, S.; Faber, K.T. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Definition: Dynamic Capability Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Capability Rating Capability Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Dynamic Capability Rating Dynamic capability rating can be achieved through real-time determination of an element's (e.g., line, transformer etc.) ability to carry load based on electrical and environmental conditions.[1] Related Terms rating References ↑ SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Functions' An LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. inline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Dynamic_Capability_Rating&oldid=506158" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load)

342

Loads, capacity, and failure rate modeling  

SciTech Connect

Both failure rate and load capacity (stress-strength) interferenece methodologies are employed in the reliability analysis at nuclear facilities. Both of the above have been utilized in a heuristic failure rate model in terms of load capacity inference. Analytical solutions are used to demonstrate that infant mortality and random aging failures may be expressed implicity in terms of capacity variability, load variability, and capacity deterioration, and that mode interactions play a role in the formation of the bathtub curve for failure rates.

Lewis, E.E.; Chen, Hsin-Chieh

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

343

Proceedings 2013 Heat Rate Improvement Conference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rising cost of fuel and the strong possibility of CO2 emissions regulations and limitations in the near future, utilities and power generation companies are focusing on power plant heat rate and performance. The 18th Heat Rate Improvement Conference is the latest in a series of meetings designed to assist attendees in addressing problems with power plant performance and identifying cost-effective solutions for achieving and sustaining heat rate ...

2013-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

344

2007 EPRI Heat Rate Improvement Conference Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the rising cost of fuel and the growing possibility of carbon taxes in the not-too-distant future, utilities are once again focusing on the heat rate and performance of coal-fired power plants. The fifteenth Heat Rate Improvement Conference is the latest in this series of meetings designed to assist utilities in addressing problems with power plant performance and in identifying cost-effective solutions for achieving and maintaining heat rate improvement.

2007-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

FERC rate incentives for transmission infrastructure development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With enactment of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Congress delivered a mandate to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission to establish regulations that would provide for incentive-based rate treatments for investments that would improvement the nation's electric transmission system. That has required FERC to move from merely approving cost-based rates for transmission services to enacting new regulations that would make it more attractive to invest in transmission infrastructure without offending the ''just and reasonable'' rate standard. (author)

Snarr, Steven W.

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

346

University of California -Office of Loan Programs Historical STIP Quarterly Rate of Return for MOP Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of California - Office of Loan Programs Historical STIP Quarterly Rate of Return for MOP - Office of Loan Programs Historical STIP Quarterly Rate of Return for MOP Rate Quarterly MOP Rate MOP.00% 03/31/86 7.987% 8.35% 8.35% (1) Calculated as the total STIP income earned for each period

Russell, Lynn

347

HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS JUBATUS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

HEART RATE AS A MONITOR FOR METABOLIC RATE IN CAPTIVE JUVENILE STELLER SEA LIONS (EUMETOPIAS COLUMBIA 0Jan M. Mcl'hee, 2001 #12;ABSTRACT The potential use of heart rate to monitor energy expenditure a relationship exists between heart rate @I) and oxygen consumption ( ~ 0 ~ )in captive sea lions while swimming

348

Richard Cantor Rating Transitions and Defaults Conditional on Watchlist, Outlook and Rating History Summary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report documents global corporate credit rating transition and default rates during the 1995-2003 period conditional on the full information in Moody's published credit opinions, which, in addition to the current credit rating, include prior rating actions and current rating outlooks and reviews. The primary findings of this study are: Moodys rating system management practices attempt to limit rating reversals and dampen rating change volatility and, as a consequence, different issuers carrying the same rating may have different risks of rating migration and default. As noted in Moodys prior research dating back to 1993, recently downgraded issuers have a greater likelihood of future rating downgrades and default than do recently upgraded issuers. For example, obligors downgraded in the past twelve months are eight times more likely to be downgraded than upgraded in the next year. Downgraded issuers are eleven times more likely to default over one year than upgraded issuers. Moodys rating outlooks and reviews are used to signal the likely direction and timing of future rating actions and the evolution of default risk. For example, at a one-year time horizon, issuers with negative outlooks are seven times more likely to be downgraded than upgraded; issuers with positive outlooks are nearly twice as likely to be upgraded as downgraded; and issuers with stable outlooks have the highest probability of no rating change. Default rates within a given rating category also vary systematically by outlook status. For example,

unknown authors

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

DETERMINATION OF DEPOSITION RATES FOR COOKING ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... All calculations of deposition rates were made after ... the in- duct electrostatic precipitator increased the ... (1985) measured the performance of several ...

2005-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

350

Rate Schedule CV-EID4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CV-EID3) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR ENERGY IMBALANCE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011,...

351

Rate Schedule CV-SUR4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CV-SUR3) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR SUPPLEMENTAL RESERVE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011,...

352

Rate Schedule CV-SPR4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CV-SPR3) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR SPINNING RESERVE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011,...

353

Dose rate visualization of radioisotope thermoelectric generators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advanced visualization techniques can be used to investigate gamma ray and neutron dose rates around complex dose rate intensive operations. A method has been developed where thousands of dose points are calculated using the MCNP(Monte Carlo N-Particle) computer code and then displayed to create color contour plots of the dose rate for complex geometries. Once these contour plots are created, they are sequenced together creating an animation to dynamically show how the dose rate changes with changes in the geometry or source over time.

Schwarz, R.A.; Kessler, S.F.; Tomaszewski, T.A.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Rate Schedule CV-SPR4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Any charges or credits associated with the creation, termination, or modification to any tariff, contract, or rate schedule accepted or approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory...

355

Rate Schedule CV-SUR4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Any charges or credits associated with the creation, termination, or modification to any tariff, contract, or rate schedule accepted or approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory...

356

Corridor Rate Analysis Results - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration 113 ... with the pipeline company tariff rates obtained using the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Automated System for Tariff

357

Method of controlling fusion reaction rates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention relates to a method of controlling the reaction rates in a nuclear fusion reactor; and more particularly, to the use of polarized nuclear fuel.

Kulsrud, R.M.; Furth, H.P.; Valeo, E.J.; Goldhaber, M.

1983-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

358

Rate Schedule PACI-T3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or rate schedule accepted or approved by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) or other regulatory bodies will be passed on to each relevant customer. The FERC's or...

359

DEC Asset Rating | CUBIC APPLE LTD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

NON-DOMESTIC ENERGY ... if you are worried about the DEC asset rating for your public building why not get in contact with Cubic Apple on 01529 300 ...

360

Available Technologies: Super High Rate Sputter Deposition  

Andre Anders of Berkeley Lab has developed a very high deposition rate magnetron sputtering wherein the surface of a target and the race track zone area of the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

ORNL DAAC, global soil respiration rates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

W. Raich and W. H. Schlesinger, the newly released data set contains soil respiration rates from sites in terrestrial and wetland ecosystems as reported in scientific literature...

362

Photovoltaic Degradation Rates -- An Analytical Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As photovoltaic penetration of the power grid increases, accurate predictions of return on investment require accurate prediction of decreased power output over time. Degradation rates must be known in order to predict power delivery. This article reviews degradation rates of flat-plate terrestrial modules and systems reported in published literature from field testing throughout the last 40 years. Nearly 2000 degradation rates, measured on individual modules or entire systems, have been assembled from the literature, showing a median value of 0.5%/year. The review consists of three parts: a brief historical outline, an analytical summary of degradation rates, and a detailed bibliography partitioned by technology.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Rate Schedule CV-F13  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FP customer allocation is equal to the annual PRR multiplied by the relevant FP percentage. The formula rate for FP power has three components. Component 1: FP Customer...

364

Rate Schedule CV-TPT7  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR TRANSMISSION OF WESTERN POWER BY OTHERS Effective: October 1, 2011, through September 30,...

365

Rate Schedule COTP-T3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

COTP-T3 (Supersedes Schedule COTP-T2) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CALIFORNIA-OREGON TRANSMISSION PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR...

366

PEPTIDE FOLDING RATES FROM SINGLE-MOLECULE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A. Myers, Daniel A. Gacek, Eric M. Peterson, Christopher B. Fox, Joel M ... These microscopic rates are used to estimate the free energy barrier to ...

367

Investigation of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde sampling rate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

formaldehyde and acetaldehyde sampling rate and ozone interference for passive deployment of Waters Sep-Pak XPoSure samplers Title Investigation of formaldehyde and acetaldehyde...

368

Utility Rate Discounts | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Discounts Discounts Jump to: navigation, search A few electric utilities offer rate discounts to encourage residential energy efficiency. For homes that meet certain energy efficiency criteria, such as those established by the federal Energy Star program, the owner or tenant is awarded a percentage discount on each month’s electric bill. [1] Contents 1 Utility Rate Discount Incentives 2 References Utility Rate Discount Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Cleco Power - Power Miser New Home Program (Louisiana) Utility Rate Discount Louisiana Residential Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Doors Duct/Air sealing Furnaces Heat pumps

369

Definition: Facility Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

any equipment comprising the facility.1 Related Terms reactive power, equipment rating, power, smart grid References Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An inl...

370

Switching rates of multi-step reactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a switching rate of a meta-stable reaction scheme, which includes reactions with arbitrary steps, e.g. $kA\\to(k+r)A$. Employing WKB approximation, controlled by a large system size, we evaluate both the exponent and the pre-exponential factor for the rate. The results are illustrated on a number of examples.

Escudero, Carlos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Video digest based on heart rate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In video digesting, not only features and keywords extracted from a content itself but viewer's input are essential to incorporate subjective impressions and perceived importance. The present study aims at providing heart rate based arousal level as ... Keywords: affect, emotion, heart rate, psychophysiology, video analysis, video digest

Satoshi Toyosawa; Takashi Kawai

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Quasi-Dynamic Rating Pilot Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's DTCR technology, which encompasses a number of software tools, hardware tools, and methodologies, offers near-term solutions to overhead line rating problems. The Quasi-Dynamic Rating (QDR) concepts and tools developed in the 2004 pilot project are presented in this report.

2004-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

373

Method of controlling fusion reaction rates  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of controlling the reaction rates of the fuel atoms in a fusion reactor comprises the step of polarizing the nuclei of the fuel atoms in a particular direction relative to the plasma confining magnetic field. Fusion reaction rates can be increased or decreased, and the direction of emission of the reaction products can be controlled, depending on the choice of polarization direction.

Kulsrud, Russell M. (Princeton, NJ); Furth, Harold P. (Princeton, NJ); Valeo, Ernest J. (Princeton Junction, NJ); Goldhaber, Maurice (Bayport, NY)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Nuclear Reaction Rates and Carbon Star Formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have studied how the third dredge-up and the carbon star formation in low-mass Asymptotic Giant Branch stars depends on certain key nuclear reaction rates. We find from a set of complete stellar evolution calculations of a 2Msun model with Z=0.01 including mass loss, that varying either the N14(p,g)O15 or the 3-alpha reaction rate within their uncertainties as given in the NACRE compilation results in dredge-up and yields that differ by a factor of 2. Model tracks with a higher rate for the 3-alpha rate and a lower rate for the N14(p,g)O15 reaction both show more efficient third dredge-up. New experimental results for the N14(p,g)O15 reaction rates are surveyed, yielding a rate which is about 40% lower than the tabulated NACRE rate, and smaller than NACRE's lower limit. We discuss the possible implications of the revised nuclear reaction stellar evolution calculations that aim to reproduce the observed carbon star formation at low mass, which requires efficient third dredge-up.

Falk Herwig; Sam M. Austin

2004-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

375

Theoretical cosmic Type Ia supernova rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this work is the computation of the cosmic Type Ia supernova rates at very high redshifts (z>2). We adopt various progenitor models in order to predict the number of explosions in different scenarios for galaxy formation and to check whether it is possible to select the best delay time distribution model, on the basis of the available observations of Type Ia supernovae. We also computed the Type Ia supernova rate in typical elliptical galaxies of different initial luminous masses and the total amount of iron produced by Type Ia supernovae in each case. It emerges that: it is not easy to select the best delay time distribution scenario from the observational data and this is because the cosmic star formation rate dominates over the distribution function of the delay times; the monolithic collapse scenario predicts an increasing trend of the SN Ia rate at high redshifts whereas the predicted rate in the hierarchical scheme drops dramatically at high redshift; for the elliptical galaxies we note that the predicted maximum of the Type Ia supernova rate depends on the initial galactic mass. The maximum occurs earlier (at about 0.3 Gyr) in the most massive ellipticals, as a consequence of downsizing in star formation. We find that different delay time distributions predict different relations between the Type Ia supernova rate per unit mass at the present time and the color of the parent galaxies and that bluer ellipticals present higher supernova Type Ia rates at the present time.

R. Valiante; F. Matteucci; S. Recchi; F. Calura

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

376

Seedskadee Participating Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sales Rate History Updated: 1022009 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (MillskWh) Capacity (kW-mo.) Combined (MillskWh) R4-F1 thru 474 3.000 1.275 6.000 UC-F1 4...

377

On the convergence rate improvement of a primal-dual splitting ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mar 12, 2013 ... already provided in [6], whereby the reported numerical experiments emphasize the ad- ... The aim of this paper is to provide modified versions of the algorithm proposed ...... closed interval from 0 (pure black) to 1 (pure white).

378

Definition: Equipment Rating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rating Rating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Equipment Rating The maximum and minimum voltage, current, frequency, real and reactive power flows on individual equipment under steady state, short-circuit and transient conditions, as permitted or assigned by the equipment owner.[1] Also Known As Standard current ratings Related Terms reactive power, smart grid References ↑ Glossary of Terms Used in Reliability Standards An i LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. nline Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Equipment_Rating&oldid=502535" Categories: Definitions ISGAN Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties

379

OpenEI Community - Utility Rates  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The utility rate The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated http://en.openei.org/community/blog/utility-rate-database-version-1-api-now-deprecated There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated.OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010.  As Illinois State University has taken a commanding lead of the project and its data curation, we have updated the schema and API to version 2 to present a richer spectrum of utility rate data.

380

Method for Determining Solids Circulation Rate  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Determining Solids Circulation Rate Determining Solids Circulation Rate Contact NETL Technology Transfer Group techtransfer@netl.doe.gov May 2012 Opportunity Research is currently active on the patented technology "Method for Determining Solids Circulation Rate." The technology is available for licensing and/or further collaborative research from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory. Overview This invention provides a method to measure the rate of solids circulation, particularly in those applications where the solids are recycled back to pro- cesses for further use. The applications include processes such as circulating fluidized bed gasifiers and combustors, as well as chemical looping. In the above applications, determining solids circulation rates is needed to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

gas rates | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

gas rates gas rates Home > Groups > Utility Rate Are there Gas Utility Rates available in OpenEI? Submitted by Nlong on 11 July, 2012 - 11:41 1 answer Points: 1 Hi, OpenEI doesn't have NG utility rates as far as I'm aware. That may be a dataset that is added in the future. You can access natural gas prices by utility and sector by downloading the EIA-176 form from the Energy Information Administration. I've included some links to help you find your way. http://205.254.135.7/survey/form/eia_176/efs176.cfm http://www.eia.gov/oil_gas/natural_gas/applications/eia176query_historical.html -Sfomail Sfomail on 12 July, 2012 - 12:04 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge?

382

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Features > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Content type Blog entry Discussion Document Event Poll Question Keywords Author Apply Ewilson FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Posted by: Ewilson 20 Sep 2013 - 11:58 99thin Very useful information. Thank... Posted by: 99thin 9 Sep 2013 - 00:19 Rmckeel The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Posted by: Rmckeel 6 Sep 2013 - 14:00 There comes a time in every API version's lifecycle when it needs to be deprecated. OpenEI's utility rate database version 1 API has been in use since the inception of the database in 2010. As... Tags: API, Utility Rates NickL Glad I could help get you on t... Posted by: NickL 4 Sep 2013 - 07:41 Glad I could help get you on the right track Myles. There is not as simple

383

International Rates | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Rates International Rates Home > Groups > Utility Rate Nsbowde's picture Submitted by Nsbowde(12) Member 10 July, 2012 - 11:27 Per the town hall discussion yestereday, I have a link to a tariff database assembled by the Energy Regulators Regional Association. There is no free access and reproduction of the information without ERRA consent is prohibited, but nonetheless here it is. I have some friends in ERRA, so maybe future collaboration could be possible. http://www.erranet.org/Products/TariffDatabase Nick Groups: Utility Rate Login to post comments Nsbowde's blog Comments Rmckeel Rmckeel1 year 26 weeks ago International rates Thanks for the info, Nick! On a side note, when we move our blog over to OpenEI communities, content like this blog entry will be more visible on

384

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: American Clean Skies Foundation Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry American Clean Skies Foundation Nominations open for $250,000 Multimedia Clean Energy prizes Graham7781 2 Oct 2012 - 13:01 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman

385

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: data Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry data Commercial and Residential Hourly Load Data Now Available on OpenEI! Sfomail 17 May 2013 - 12:03 Blog entry data IRENA launches global atlas of renewable energy potential Graham7781 11 Feb 2013 - 15:18 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Glad I could help get you on t... Nick, Thanks very much! That... more Group members (25) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis

386

Atomic multipole relaxation rates near surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spontaneous relaxation rates for an atom in free space and close to an absorbing surface are calculated to various orders of the electromagnetic multipole expansion. The spontaneous decay rates for dipole, quadrupole and octupole transitions are calculated in terms of their respective primitive electric multipole moments and the magnetic relaxation rate is calculated for the dipole and quadrupole transitions in terms of their respective primitive magnetic multipole moments. The theory of electromagnetic field quantization in magnetoelectric materials is used to derive general expressions for the decay rates in terms of the dyadic Green function. We focus on the decay rates in free space and near an infinite half space. For the decay of atoms near to an absorbing dielectric surface we find a hierarchy of scaling laws depending on the atom-surface distance z.

Crosse, J A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Atomic multipole relaxation rates near surfaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spontaneous relaxation rates for an atom in free space and close to an absorbing surface are calculated to various orders of the electromagnetic multipole expansion. The spontaneous decay rates for dipole, quadrupole and octupole transitions are calculated in terms of their respective primitive electric multipole moments and the magnetic relaxation rate is calculated for the dipole and quadrupole transitions in terms of their respective primitive magnetic multipole moments. The theory of electromagnetic field quantization in magnetoelectric materials is used to derive general expressions for the decay rates in terms of the dyadic Green function. We focus on the decay rates in free space and near an infinite half space. For the decay of atoms near to an absorbing dielectric surface we find a hierarchy of scaling laws depending on the atom-surface distance z.

J. A. Crosse; Stefan Scheel

2009-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

388

Chaos regularization of quantum tunneling rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum tunneling rates through a barrier separating two-dimensional, symmetric, double-well potentials are shown to depend on the classical dynamics of the billiard trajectories in each well and, hence, on the shape of the wells. For shapes that lead to regular (integrable) classical dynamics the tunneling rates fluctuate greatly with eigenenergies of the states sometimes by over two orders of magnitude. Contrarily, shapes that lead to completely chaotic trajectories lead to tunneling rates whose fluctuations are greatly reduced, a phenomenon we call regularization of tunneling rates. We show that a random-plane-wave theory of tunneling accounts for the mean tunneling rates and the small fluctuation variances for the chaotic systems.

Pecora, Louis M.; Wu Dongho [Materials Physics and Sensors, US Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Lee, Hoshik [Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187 (United States); Antonsen, Thomas; Lee, Ming-Jer; Ott, Edward [Physics and Electrical Engineering Departments, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

389

Home Energy Ratings and Building Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an overview of the Home Energy Rating System (HERS). A short summary of the origination and history of the HERS system will lead to a more detailed description of the inspection and testing protocol. The HERS rating provides an accepted method to determine home efficiency based on standards developed and overseen by the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET), a not-for-profit corporation. The paper will discuss the effect of various building systems and effects of local climate as they affect the rating score of a proposed or completed structure. The rating is used to determine the most cost effective mechanical systems, building envelope design including window and door types, effect of various roofing materials and radiant barriers. The paper will conclude by comparing specifics of an actual report to the construction characteristics of a home as they relate to the HERS Rating and the result.

Gardner, J.C.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: challenge Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Discussion challenge 2013 Civic Hacking Day Ideas Rmckeel 1 22 May 2013 - 08:23 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion Marklane Cbonsig Verdel3c Wisconsin Weatherall Windows Payne

391

Merger Rates of Dark-Matter Haloes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive analytic merger rates for dark-matter haloes within the framework of the Extended Press-Schechter (EPS) formalism. These rates become self-consistent within EPS once we realize that the typical merger in the limit of a small time-step involves more than two progenitors, contrary to the assumption of binary mergers adopted in earlier studies. We present a general method for computing merger rates that span the range of solutions permitted by the EPS conditional mass function, and focus on a specific solution that attempts to match the merger rates in N-body simulations. The corrected EPS merger rates are more accurate than the earlier estimates of Lacey & Cole, by ~20% for major mergers and by up to a factor of ~3 for minor mergers of mass ratio 1:10^4. Based on the revised merger rates, we provide a new algorithm for constructing Monte-Carlo EPS merger trees, that could be useful in Semi-Analytic Modeling. We provide analytic expressions and plot numerical results for several quantities that are very useful in studies of galaxy formation. This includes (a) the rate of mergers of a given mass ratio per given final halo, (b) the fraction of mass added by mergers to a halo, and (c) the rate of mergers per given main progenitor. The creation and destruction rates of haloes serve for a self-consistency check. Our method for computing merger rates can be applied to conditional mass functions beyond EPS, such as those obtained by the ellipsoidal collapse model or extracted from $N$-body simulations.

Eyal Neistein; Avishai Dekel

2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

392

On the Effectiveness of Rate Limiting Mechanisms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One class of worm defense techniques that received attention of late is to rate limit outbound traffic to contain fast spreading worms. Several proposals of rate limiting techniques have appeared in the literature, each with a different take on the impetus behind rate limiting. This paper presents an empirical analysis on different rate limiting schemes using real traffic and attack traces from a sizable network. In the analysis we isolate and investigate the impact of the critical parameters for each scheme and seek to understand how these parameters might be set in realistic network settings. Analysis shows that using DNS-based rate limiting has substantially lower error rates than schemes based on other traffic statistics. The empirical analysis additionally brings to light a number of issues with respect to rate limiting in practice. We explore the impact of these issues in the context of general worm containment. Acknowledgments: We thank the members and companies of the PDL Consortium for their support. This work was partially supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CNS-0433540 and ANI-0326472.

Cynthia Wong; Stan Bielski; Ahren Studer; Chenxi Wang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

What Is the New Normal Unemployment Rate?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent labor markets developments, including mismatches in the skills of workers and jobs, extended unemployment benefits, and very high rates of long-term joblessness, may be impeding the return to normal unemployment rates of around 5%. An examination of alternative measures of labor market conditions suggests that the normal unemployment rate may have risen as much as 1.7 percentage points to about 6.7%, although much of this increase is likely to prove temporary. Even with such an increase, sizable labor market slack is expected to persist for years. In the past, the U.S. labor market has proven to be very flexible and recessions have not usually been followed by long-lasting increases in the unemployment rate. But, in the wake of the most recent recession, many economists are concerned that developments such as mismatches in the skills of workers and jobs, extended unemployment benefits, and a rise in long-term joblessness may have raised the normal or natural rate of unemployment above the 5 % level that was thought to be typical before the downturn. Indeed, a few economists have gone so far as to argue that the rise in the unemployment rate to its current level of 9 % primarily reflects an increase in the natural rate, implying there is little slack in labor markets and therefore little downward pressure on inflation. This Economic Letter

Weidner; John C. Williams

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Rate Schedule CV-RFS4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RFS4 RFS4 (Supersedes Schedule CV-RFS3) UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY WESTERN AREA POWER ADMINISTRATION CENTRAL VALLEY PROJECT SCHEDULE OF RATE FOR REGULATION AND FREQUENCY RESPONSE SERVICE Effective: October 1, 2011, through September 30, 2016. Available: Within the marketing area served by the Western Area Power Administration (Western), Sierra Nevada Customer Service Region. Applicable: To customers receiving Regulation and Frequency Response Service (regulation). Character and Conditions of Service: Regulation is necessary to provide for the continuous balancing of resources and interchange with load and for maintaining scheduled interconnection frequency at 60-cycles per second. Formula Rate: The formula rate for regulation includes three components:

395

Considerations for How to Rate CPV  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) industry is introducing multiple products into the marketplace, but, as yet, the; community has not embraced a unified method for assessing a nameplate rating. The choices of whether to use 850,; 900, or 1000 W/m2 for the direct-normal irradiance and whether to link the rating to ambient or cell temperature will; affect how CPV modules are rated and compared with other technologies. This paper explores the qualitative and; quantitative ramifications of these choices using data from two multi-junction CPV modules and two flat-plate; modules.

Kurtz, S.; Miller, M.; Marion, B.; Emery, K.; McConnell, R.; Surendran, S.; Kimber, A.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Measuring Degradation Rates Without Irradiance Data  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A method to report PV system degradation rates without using irradiance data is demonstrated. First, a set of relative degradation rates are determined by comparing daily AC final yields from a group of PV systems relative to the average final yield of all the PV systems. Then, the difference between relative and absolute degradation rates is found from a statistical analysis. This approach is verified by comparing to methods that utilize irradiance data. This approach is significant because PV systems are often deployed without irradiance sensors, so the analysis method described here may enable measurements of degradation using data that were previously thought to be unsuitable for degradation studies.

Pulver, S.; Cormode, D.; Cronin, A.; Jordan, D.; Kurtz, S.; Smith, R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds American Clean Skies Foundation (1) API (3) Apps (1) bug (1) building load (1) building load data (1) challenge (1) clean energy (1) commercial load (1) data (2) dataset (1) datasets (1) developer (5) DOE (1) EIA (1) electric load data (1) energy efficiency (1) Energy Visions Prize (1) EZFeed (1) FOA (1) funding (1) Global Atlas (1) hackathon (1) Illinois State University (1) Incentives and Policies (1) 1 2 3 next › last » Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated

398

On-site Housing Rates | Staff Services  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rates Rates Effective February 1, 2013 Rates for Occupancy < 30-Days Guest House* Single/Double: US $105.00/day Housekeeping service is provided on all working days. *Alternatives to the Guest House - When family-type accommodations are assigned to temporary or transient personnel, Guest House rates as set forth above will apply. The total will not exceed one months' rent for a unit occupied for 30 days or less. When such assignment is necessary due to lack of adequate Guest House accommodations, housekeeping service is provided on working days; for reservations staying seven days or less. Residence Houses Curie House: US $42.00/day Cavendish House: US $42.00/day Compton House: US $42.00/day Housekeeping service for all residence houses are provided three times per

399

Definition: Rated power | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Rated power Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Rated power The power output of a device under specific or nominal operating conditions[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electrical and electronic engineering, the power rating of a device is a guideline set by the manufacturer as a maximum power to be used with that device. This limit is usually set somewhat lower than the level where the device will be damaged, to allow a margin of safety. In devices which primarily dissipate electric power or convert it into mechanical power, such as resistors, electric motors, and speakers, the power rating given is usually the maximum power that can be safely dissipated by the

400

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Groups > Groups > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds There are no feeds from external sites for this group. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion Marklane Cbonsig Verdel3c Wisconsin Weatherall Windows Payne Nlong Wzeng Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NREL: Photovoltaics Research - Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation Photovoltaic Energy Ratings Methods Validation The Photovoltaic (PV) Engineering group at NREL validates energy ratings methods by standards committees to establish an energy rating methodology. We are evaluating techniques to account for the impact on PV performance from variations in the spectral distribution of solar radiation. Two types of methods were evaluated for correcting the short-circuit current of PV modules for variations in the solar spectrum under clear skies: (1) empirical relationships based on air mass, and (2) use of spectral irradiance models and PV module spectral response data. Methods of the first type were the Sandia National Laboratories absolute air-mass function, or f(AMa), and the CREST air-mass function, or f(AM). The second

402

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Home > Utility Rate > Posts by term > Utility Rate Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: energy efficiency Type Term Title Author Replies Last Post sort icon Blog entry energy efficiency FOA aimed at growing expansive database of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Incentives and Policies Graham7781 12 Dec 2012 - 11:30 Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated Glad I could help get you on t... Nick, Thanks very much! That... more Group members (25) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion

403

Utility Rate Discount | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Discount Discount Jump to: navigation, search A few electric utilities offer rate discounts to encourage residential energy efficiency. For homes that meet certain energy efficiency criteria, such as those established by the federal Energy Star program, the owner or tenant is awarded a percentage discount on each month’s electric bill. [1] Utility Rate Discount Incentives CSV (rows 1 - 14) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Cleco Power - Power Miser New Home Program (Louisiana) Utility Rate Discount Louisiana Residential Building Insulation Central Air conditioners Clothes Washers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Doors Duct/Air sealing Furnaces Heat pumps Water Heaters Windows Yes Dominion North Carolina Power - Energy Saver Home Plus (North Carolina) Utility Rate Discount North Carolina Residential Water Heaters

404

Data Fusion for Improved Respiration Rate Estimation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an application of a modified Kalman-Filter (KF) framework for data fusion to the estimation of respiratory rate from multiple physiological sources which is robust to background noise. A novel index of the ...

Nemati, Shamim

405

Historical river flow rates for dose calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual average river flow rates are required input to the LADTAP Computer Code for calculating offsite doses from liquid releases of radioactive materials to the Savannah River. The source of information on annual river flow rates used in dose calculations varies, depending on whether calculations are for retrospective releases or prospective releases. Examples of these types of releases are: Retrospective - releases from routine operations (annual environmental reports) and short term release incidents that have occurred. Prospective - releases that might be expected in the future from routine or abnormal operation of existing or new facilities (EIS`s, EID`S, SAR`S, etc.). This memorandum provides historical flow rates at the downstream gauging station at Highway 301 for use in retrospective dose calculations and derives flow rate data for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants.

Carlton, W.H.

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

406

Essays on exchange rates and electricity demand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis examines two important issues in economic development: exchange rates and electricity demand and addresses methodological issues of using time series and panel data analysis to investigate important policy ...

Li, Xiangming, 1966-

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Can Anthropogenic Aerosols Decrease the Snowfall Rate?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations by Borys, Lowenthal, Cohn, and Brown in midlatitude orographic clouds show that for a given supercooled liquid water content, both the riming and the snowfall rates are smaller if the supercooled cloud has more cloud droplets as, for ...

U. Lohmann

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

The legal case against standby rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Under rates approved by many state commissions, on-site investments are blocked and/or dis-incentivized by policies that place the interest of utility shareholders before the interests of the public. (author)

Casten, Sean; Karegianes, Myra

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

409

The Estimation of Snowfall Rate Using Visibility  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relationship between liquid equivalent snowfall rate and visibility is investigated using data collected at the National Center for Atmospheric Research Marshall Snowfall Test Site during two winter field seasons and using theoretical ...

Roy M. Rasmussen; Jothiram Vivekanandan; Jeffrey Cole; Barry Myers; Charles Masters

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Empirically Evaluating Divergence Rates of Atmospheric Trajectories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observed Northern Hemisphere divergence rates of phase-space trajectories initially emanating from neighboring points are estimated, using a simple, seasonal, weakly GCM-dependent linear method applied to Ertel potential vorticity on the 315-K ...

Gidon Eshel

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Can Paleoceanographic Tracers Constrain Meridional Circulation Rates?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ability of paleoceanographic tracers to constrain rates of transport is examined using an inverse method to combine idealized observations with a geostrophic model. Considered are the spatial distribution, accuracy, and types of tracers ...

Peter Huybers; Geoffrey Gebbie; Olivier Marchal

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Rating the energy performance of buildings  

SciTech Connect

In order to succeed in developing a more sustainable society, buildings will need to be continuously improved. This paper discusses how to rate the energy performance of buildings. A brief review of recent approaches to energy rating is presented. It illustrates that there is no single correct or wrong concept, but one needs to be aware of the relative impact of the strategies. Different strategies of setting energy efficiency standards are discussed and the advantages of the minimum life cycle cost are shown. Indicators for building energy rating based on simulations, aggregated statistics and expert knowledge are discussed and illustrated in order to demonstrate strengths and weaknesses of each approach. In addition, the importance of considering the level of amenities offered is presented. Attributes of a rating procedure based on three elements, flexible enough for recognizing different strategies to achieve energy conservation, is proposed.

Olofsson, Thomas; Meier, Alan; Lamberts, Roberto

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Rating of Solar Energy Devices (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Public Utility Commission has regulatory authority over solar energy devices installed and used in the state of Texas. The Commission can choose to adopt standards pertaining to the rating of...

414

Commercial Building Energy Asset Rating Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BUILDING BUILDING ENERGY ASSET RATING WORKSHOP December 8-9, 2011 Washington, D.C. Nora Wang (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Will Gorrissen (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Molly McCabe (Hayden Tanner, LLC) Cody Taylor (Department of Energy) 1 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov PRE-DECISIONAL Information included in this document is for discussion purposes and does not constitute the final program design. FOR INFORMATION ONLY 2 I Asset Rating D.C. Workshop eere.energy.gov Program Goals * Facilitate cost-effective investment in energy efficiency and reduce energy use in the commercial building sector * Establish a national standard for voluntary commercial building asset rating * Create a tool to help building owners identify and implement

415

Calibration and Rating of Photovoltaics: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

Rating the performance of photovoltaic (PV) modules is critical to determining the cost per watt, and efficiency is useful to assess the relative progress among PV concepts. Procedures for determining the efficiency for PV technologies from 1-sun to low concentration to high concentration are discussed. We also discuss the state of the art in primary and secondary calibration of PV reference cells used by calibration laboratories around the world. Finally, we consider challenges to rating PV technologies and areas for improvement.

Emery, K.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

DWPF Macrobatch 2 Melt Rate Tests  

SciTech Connect

The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) canister production rate must be increased to meet canister production goals. Although a number of factors exist that could potentially increase melt rate, this study focused on two: (1) changes in frit composition and (2) changes to the feed preparation process to alter the redox of the melter feed. These two factors were investigated for Macrobatch 2 (sludge batch 1B) utilizing crucible studies and a specially designed ''melt rate'' furnace. Other potential factors that could increase melt rate include: mechanical mixing via stirring or the use of bubblers, changing the power skewing to redistribute the power input to the melter, and elimination of heat loss (e.g. air in leakage). The melt rate testing in FY00 demonstrated that melt rate can be improved by adding a different frit or producing a much more reducing glass by the addition of sugar as a reductant. The frit that melted the fastest in the melt rate testing was Frit 165. A paper stud y was performed using the Product Composition Control System (PCCS) to determine the impact on predicted glass viscosity, liquidus, durability, and operating window if the frit was changed from Frit 200 to Frit 165. PCCS indicated that the window was very similar for both frits. In addition, the predicted viscosity of the frit 165 glass was 46 poise versus 84 poise for the Frit 200 glass. As a result, a change from Frit 200 to Frit 165 is expected to increase the melt rate in DWPF without decreasing waste loading.

Stone, M.E.

2001-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

417

Changes in heart rate variability during fainting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of heart rate variability in people who faint may yield insights into normal physiologic mechanisms which probably are dynamic. These insights might be gained because fainting appears to be due to a breakdown of these mechanisms. Tilt table testing reliably induces fainting in patients with a history of fainting and can be used to study these mechanisms. During tilt tests ending in fainting heart rate changes markedly

Robert Sheldon; Kenneth Riff

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Radiation Leukemogenesis at Low Dose Rates  

SciTech Connect

The major goals of this program were to study the efficacy of low dose rate radiation exposures for the induction of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to characterize the leukemias that are caused by radiation exposures at low dose rate. An irradiator facility was designed and constructed that allows large numbers of mice to be irradiated at low dose rates for protracted periods (up to their life span). To the best of our knowledge this facility is unique in the US and it was subsequently used to study radioprotectors being developed for radiological defense (PLoS One. 7(3), e33044, 2012) and is currently being used to study the role of genetic background in susceptibility to radiation-induced lung cancer. One result of the irradiation was expected; low dose rate exposures are ineffective in inducing AML. However, another result was completely unexpected; the irradiated mice had a very high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), approximately 50%. It was unexpected because acute exposures are ineffective in increasing HCC incidence above background. This is a potential important finding for setting exposure limits because it supports the concept of an ?inverse dose rate effect? for some tumor types. That is, for the development of some tumor types low dose rate exposures carry greater risks than acute exposures.

Weil, Michael; Ullrich, Robert

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

419

Short GRBs: Rates and luminosity function implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compare the luminosity function and rate inferred from the BATSE short hard bursts (SHBs) peak flux distribution with the redshift and luminosity distributions of SHBs observed by Swift/HETE II. The Swift/HETE II SHB sample is incompatible with SHB population that follows the star formation rate. However, it is compatible with a distribution of delay times after the SFR. This would be the case if SHBs are associated with the mergers of double neutron star (DNS) systems. DNS may be ``primordial'' or can form dynamically by binary exchange interaction in globular clusters during core collapse. The implied SHB rates that we find range from \\sim 8 to \\sim 30h_(70)^3 Gpc^(-3)yr^(-1). This rate is a much higher than what was previously estimated and, when beaming is taken into account, it is comparable to the rate of neutron star mergers estimated from statistics of binary pulsars. If GRBs are produced in mergers the implied rate practically guarantees detection by LIGO II and possibly even by LIGO I.

Dafne Guetta

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

420

Achievable Rate and Optimal Physical Layer Rate Allocation in Interference-Free Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the achievable rate in interference-free wireless networks with physical layer fading channels and orthogonal multiple access. As a starting point, the point-to-point channel is considered. We find the optimal physical and network layer rate trade-off which maximizes the achievable overall rate for both a fixed rate transmission scheme and an improved scheme based on multiple virtual users and superposition coding. These initial results are extended to the network setting, where, based on a cut-set formulation, the achievable rate at each node and its upper bound are derived. We propose a distributed optimization algorithm which allows to jointly determine the maximum achievable rate, the optimal physical layer rates on each network link, and an opportunistic back-pressure-type routing strategy on the network layer. This inherently justifies the layered architecture in existing wireless networks. Finally, we show that the proposed layered optimization approach can achieve almost all of the ergodic ...

Cui, Tao; Kliewer, Joerg

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Transmission Rate in Partial Differential Equation in Epidemic Models.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The rate at which susceptible individuals become infected is called the transmission rate. It is important to know this rate in order to study the (more)

Elkadry, Alaa

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Labor Market Frictions, Interest Rates, and Macroeconomic Policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

endogenous separation rate increases, that is the ?ow intoinduces higher real interest rate, increases the demand forendogenous separation rate increases. We assume match-speci?

Zhang, Ji

423

Relating Vehicle-Wildlife Crash Rates to Roadway Improvements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

animal-vehicle crash rates experienced increases followingif the crash rates has a significant increase or decrease inshowed an increase in animal-vehicle crash rates, although

Young, Rhonda; Giessen, Steven Vander; Vokurka, Christopher Steven

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Size structuring of planktonic communities : biological rates and ecosystem dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

measuring growth and mortality rates among Prochlorococcustemperature on metabolic rate. Science 293:2248-2251. Gregg,and temperature on metabolic rate. Science. 293:2248-2251.

Taniguchi, Darcy Anne Akiko

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Sustainability, Limited Substitutability and Non-Constant Social Discount Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Non-constant Social Discount Rates ? int strict weaktal preservation, and the rate of discount, Quarterlyhorizon and the discount rate, Journal of Economic Theory

Traeger, Christian P.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Freely Floating Exchange Rates Do Not Systematically Overshoot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canadian-U.S. exchange rate, Review of Financial Economics,economy under flexible exchange rates, Journal of Monetary1976, Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics, Journal of

Pippenger, John

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Globalization, Macroeconomic Performance, and the Exchange Rates of Emerging Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Impact of Exchange Rate Movements on U.S. Foreign Debt."Performance, and the Exchange Rates of Emerging Economies*volatility, exchange-rate regimes, institutions,

Obstfeld, Maurice

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

After the Fall: East Asian Exchange Rates Since the Crisis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Case for Floating Exchange Rates in Asia. In Monetary and2005. Classifying Exchange Rate Regimes: Deeds vs. Words. Ronald I. 2005. Exchange Rates under the East Asian Dollar

Cohen, Benjamin J

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Estimating stress heterogeneity from aftershock rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We estimate the rate of aftershocks triggered by a heterogeneous stress change, using the rate-and-state model of Dieterich [1994]. We show than an exponential stress distribution P(\\tau)~ exp(-\\tau/\\tau_0) gives an Omori law decay of aftershocks with time ~1/t^p, with an exponent p=1-A\\sigma_n/\\tau_0, where A is a parameter of the rate-and-state friction law, and \\sigma_n the normal stress. Omori exponent p thus decreases if the stress "heterogeneity" \\tau_0 decreases. We also invert the stress distribution P(\\tau) from the seismicity rate R(t), assuming that the stress does not change with time. We apply this method to a synthetic stress map, using the (modified) scale invariant "k^2" slip model [Herrero and Bernard, 1994]. We generate synthetic aftershock catalogs from this stress change. The seismicity rate on the rupture area shows a huge increase at short times, even if the stress decreases on average. This stochastic slip model gives a Gaussian stress distribution, but nevertheless produces an aftersho...

Helmstetter, A; Helmstetter, Agnes; Shaw, Bruce E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Resource supply shocks and the interest rate  

SciTech Connect

Using a model of optimal economic growth with exhaustible resources, the author focuses on a real shock as an essential element of a model of ecomomic fluctuations that contributes substantially to variations in the interest rate, and output. When there occurs a sudden negative resource supply shock, the rate of extraction of the resource declines. Along the optimal path with capital stock fixed in the short run, the output-capital ratio and the real interest rate fall instantaneously. The hypothesis is tested with the quarterly US data using estimation techniques of Vector Autoregressions (VARs). Included are five variables in the VAR model: crude oil price, price level, interest rate, industrial production, and copper price. The general vector autoregressive models are estimated with a prior distribution imposed on the parameters of the model. The period of fit is 1958 to 1983. Impulse response functions of the system and historical decompositions of the time series are investigated. Empirical studies support the derived working hypothesis that real interest rate falls instantaneously and then slowly recovers in the long run when there occurs a negative resource supply shock.

Kang, M.S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Intraclass Price Elasticity & Electric Rate Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electric rate design relies on cost incurrance for pricing and pricing structures. However, as utilities move into a marketing mode, rate design needs to respond more to customer reactions to pricing changes. Intraclass price elasticities aid rate designers by estimating customer behavior to change. Intraclass price elasticities vary with customer usage. The more energy used by a customer, the greater the amount of elasticity. For an industrial customer, this means that all energy consumed up to the amount necessary for base operations is relatively inelastic. All energy consumption beyond this becomes more elastic as usage increases. In the book "Innovative Electric Rates," John Chamberlin and Charles Dickson utilize an economic model to test conservation programs. This model utilizes intraclass price elasticities and has a direct use in current electric rate design. The model is a strong indicator of how best a company's electric prices and pricing structures manage demand-side growth, increase energy sales consumption, and aide in non-discriminatory economic development.

Gresham, K. E.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Sodium tetraphenylborate solubility and dissolution rates  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The rate of solid sodium tetraphenylborate (NaTPB) dissolution in In-Tank Precipitation salt solutions has been experimentally determined. The data indicates that the dissolution rate of solid NaTPB is a minor contributor the lag time experienced in the 1983 Salt Decontamination Demonstration Test and should not be considered as the rate determining step. Current analytical models for predicting the time to reach the composite lower flammability limit assume that the lag time is not more than 6 hours, and the data supports this assumption (i.e., dissolution by itself requires much less than 6 hours). The data suggests that another step--such as mass transport, the reaction of a benzene precursor or the mixing behavior--is the rate determining factor for benzene release to the vapor space in Tank 48H. In addition, preliminary results from this program show that the degree of agitation employed is not a significant parameter in determining the rate of NaTPB dissolution. As a result of this study, an improved equation for predicting equilibrium tetraphenylborate solubility with respect to temperature and sodium ion concentration has been determined.

Barnes, M.J.; Peterson, R.A.; Swingle, R.F.; Reeves, C.T.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Discount rates and demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

The standard economic analysis of of implied discount rates for energy-efficiency investment is wrong. First, consumers are not profit maximizing or economic optimizing agents with respect to energy. To the extent consumers make tradeoffs on some criteria other than energy costs, implied discount rates measure that other tradeoff, not the energy cost tradeoff. Second, to the extent that product pricing does not reflect tradeoffs between first cost and energy cost, there is no meaning to implied market discount rates based on these factors. Related to this misinterpretation of consumer and market discount rates is the issue of consumer and utility self-interest. To the extent that utilities can capitalize on the energy-inefficient investment behavior of individuals through DSM programs, it is in their interest and the ratepayer's interest to do so. Considerable evidence suggests that implied discount rates convey extremely misleading information about the level of this underinvestment. Drawing inferences about the value of DSM programs from this information is similarly misleading. An economic explanation of consumer and marker behavior suggests that such underinvestment is both rational and common and that large gains may be achieved through DSM. Societal welfare would be improved if utilities aggressively capitalized on the widespread consumer underinvestment in energy efficiency by incorporating DSM in their resource planning processes.

Chernoff, H.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Property:HeatRate | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

HeatRate HeatRate Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "HeatRate" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AES Mendota Biomass Facility + 17,873.6 + APS Biomass I Biomass Facility + 8,911 + Acme Landfill Biomass Facility + 12,916.67 + Adrian Energy Associates LLC Biomass Facility + 13,170.6 + Agrilectric Power Partners Ltd Biomass Facility + 17,327.1 + Al Turi Biomass Facility + 15,600.2 + Alabama Pine Pulp Biomass Facility + 15,826.23 + Albany Landfill Gas Utilization Project Biomass Facility + 11,913.9 + Altamont Gas Recovery Biomass Facility + 10,500 + American Canyon Power Plant Biomass Facility + 10,886.8 + American Ref-Fuel of Delaware Valley Biomass Facility + 18,674.9 +

435

Utility Rate | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Rate Utility Rate Home > Groups Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Share your own status updates, and follow the updates & activities of others by creating your own account. Or, remember to log in If you already have an account. Groups Menu You must login in order to post into this group. Recent content There is currently no way to s... ranking of utilities by demand charge? FYI, OpenEI now accommodates t... Very useful information. Thank... The utility rate database version 1 API is now deprecated more Group members (28) Managers: Dloomis Rmckeel Sfomail Recent members: MSiira Apin101 Lissacoffey Denizurla Bazouing Gdavis Shehant Anapettirossi Abkatzman BijouLulla Vbugnion Marklane Cbonsig Verdel3c Wisconsin Weatherall Windows Payne Nlong Wzeng 429 Throttled (bot load)

436

Intramolecular ET Rates in Modified Ferrocytochromes c  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intramolecular Electron-Transfer Rates on Driving Force, pH, Intramolecular Electron-Transfer Rates on Driving Force, pH, and Temperature in Ammineruthenium-Modified Ferrocytochromes c James F. Wishart, Ji Sun, Myung Cho, Chang Su, and Stephan S. Isied J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 687-693 (1997) [Find paper at ACS Publications] or use ACS Articles on Request Abstract: Several ruthenium ammine complexes were used to modify horse-heart cytochrome c at histidine-33, creating a series of (NH3)4(L)Ru-Cyt c derivatives (L = H2O/OH-, ammonia, 4-ethylpyridine, 3,5-lutidine, pyridine, isonicotinamide, N-methylpyrazinium) with a wide range of driving forces for Fe-to-Ru electron transfer (-DG° = -0.125 to +0.46 eV). Electron-transfer rates and activation parameters were measured by pulse radiolysis using azide or carbonate radicals. The driving-force dependence

437

Critical reaction rates in hypersonic combustion chemistry  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

High Mach number flight requires that the scramjet propulsion system operate at a relatively low static inlet pressure and a high inlet temperature. These two constraints can lead to extremely high temperatures in the combustor, yielding high densities of radical species and correspondingly poor chemical combustion efficiency. As the temperature drops in the nozzle expansion, recombination of these excess radicals can produce more product species, higher heat yield, and potentially more thrust. The extent to which the chemical efficiency can be enhanced in the nozzle expansion depends directly on the rate of the radical recombination reactions. A comprehensive assessment of the important chemical processes and an experimental validation of the critical rate parameters is therefore required if accurate predictions of scramjet performance are to be obtained. This report covers the identification of critical reactions, and the critical reaction rates in hypersonic combustion chemistry. 4 refs., 2 figs.

Oldenborg, R.C.; Harradine, D.M.; Loge, G.W.; Lyman, J.L.; Schott, G.L.; Winn, K.R.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

The Cosmic Stellar Birth and Death Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmic stellar birth rate can be measured by standard astronomical techniques. It can also be probed via the cosmic stellar death rate, though until recently, this was much less precise. However, recent results based on measured supernova rates, and importantly, also on the attendant diffuse fluxes of neutrinos and gamma rays, have become competitive, and a concordant history of stellar birth and death is emerging. The neutrino flux from all past core-collapse supernovae, while faint, is realistically within reach of detection in Super-Kamiokande, and a useful limit has already been set. I will discuss predictions for this flux, the prospects for neutrino detection, the implications for understanding core-collapse supernovae, and a new limit on the contribution of type-Ia supernovae to the diffuse gamma-ray background.

John F. Beacom

2006-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

439

On the Rate of Spontaneous Magnetic Reconnection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic reconnection is a topological rearrangement of the magnetic field lines, leading to the release of magnetic energy, which is thought to be associated with solar flares, coronal mass ejections and magnetospheric storms. Despite magnetic field lines are supposed to be frozen into the well-conducting plasma, the reconnection observed in nature is, typically, fast, so that the rate of convergence of the magnetic field lines is the fraction of the Alfven speed, v_A. The Sweet-Parker solution predicts reconnection rates which are negligible for the solar or astrophysical conditions, this have prompted research into collisionless reconnection. The stochasticity of magnetic field lines due to ambient turbulence leads to fast reconnection and the rate was predicted to be proportional to kinetic energy density of ambient turbulence. Also, tearing instability of the thin current sheet was proposed as a driver of resistivity-independent reconnection, which was shown to be consistent with two-dimensional simulati...

Beresnyak, Andrey

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Event loss rates and readout chips  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

98-57 The LHCb experiment aims at a deadtimeless readout of B­events at a primary bunch crossing rate of 40 MHz. In order to achieve this goal, information from all events must be stored in a pipeline with latency matched to the time needed for the Level 0 trigger decision. Accepted events, which constitute only a small fraction of the total sample, are stored in a fifo of a certain depth and read out with a fixed clock rate. The fifo, also referred to as multi­event or derandomizing buffer, is needed in order to even out statistical fluctuations in the trigger rate. Apart from the length of the pipeline, which determines the maximum latency of the chip, the crucial parameter characterizing a readout chip is the fraction of triggers lost due to limitations of the chip's architecture. This note describes how the different design parameters and operation conditions determine the chip's performance.

Schmelling, M

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Self-consistent microwave plasma heating rates  

SciTech Connect

Under conditions within a hot overdense plasma corona where the field frequency is much less than the electron plasma frequency and the field period is much less than the hydrodynamic expansion time it is shown that electron field reversal heating can exceed the combined classical heating rates due to inverse bremsstrahlung (skin effect) and field pressure (PdV) by a factor approximately v/ sub e//2v/sub i/ (half the ratio of electron and ion thermal velocities). In particular this rate can exceed the inertial expansion cooling rate at a collisionless corona density of approximately 1 percent solid core density and could be realized experimentally at core temperatures approximately 3--5 keV and microwave field intensities approximately 1 MG. (auth)

Ensley, D.L.; White, R.H.

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Analytical Improvements in PV Degradation Rate Determination  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

As photovoltaic (PV) penetration of the power grid increases, it becomes vital to know how decreased power output may affect cost over time. In order to predict power delivery, the decline or degradation rates must be determined accurately. For non-spectrally corrected data several complete seasonal cycles (typically 3-5 years) are required to obtain reasonably accurate degradation rates. In a rapidly evolving industry such a time span is often unacceptable and the need exists to determine degradation rates accurately in a shorter period of time. Occurrence of outliers and data shifts are two examples of analytical problems leading to greater uncertainty and therefore to longer observation times. In this paper we compare three methodologies of data analysis for robustness in the presence of outliers, data shifts and shorter measurement time periods.

Jordan, D. C.; Kurtz, S. R.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Foolproof completions for high rate production wells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operators, especially those managing production from deepwater reservoirs, are striving to produce hydrocarbons at higher and higher rates without exposing the wells to completion failure risk. To avoid screen failures, recent studies have favored gravel pack (GP) and high rate water pack (HRWP) completions over high-permeability fracturing (HPF), known in the vernacular as a frac&pack (FP) for very high rate wells. While a properly designed GP completion may prevent sand production, it does not stop formation fines migration, and, over time, fines accumulation in the GP will lead to increasing completion skin. Although, and not always, the skin can be removed by acidizing, it is not practical to perform repeated acid treatments on deepwater wells, particularly those with subsea wellheads, and the alternative has been to subject the completion to increasingly high drawdown, accepting a high skin effect. A far better solution is to use a HPF completion. Of course the execution of a successful HPF is not a trivial exercise, and frequently, there is a steep learning curve for such a practice. This work explains the importance to HPF completions of the well trajectory through the interval to be hydraulically fractured, for production, not execution, reasons. A new model quantifies the effect of the well inclination on the connectivity between the fracture and the well via perforations. Guidelines based on the maximum target production rate, including forecasts of multiphase flow, are provided to size the HPF completion to avoid common completion failures that may result from high fluid rate and/or fines movement. Skin model will be developed for both vertical and deviated wells. Once the HPF is properly designed and executed, the operators should end up with a long term low skin good completion quality well. The well will be safely produced at the maximum flow rates, with no need for well surveillance and monitoring.

Tosic, Slavko

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

RATES OF RETURN AND ALTERNATIVE MEASURES OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ the EU KLEMS database to estimate the real rate of return to capital in 14 countries (11 in the EU, three outside the EU) in 10 branches of the market economy plus the market economy as a whole. Our measure of capital is an aggregate over seven types of asset: three ICT assets and four non-ICT assets. The real rate of return in the market economy does not vary very much across countries, the extremes being Spain (high) and Italy (low). The real rate appears to be trendless in most countries. Within each country however, the rate varies widely across the 10 branches, often being implausibly high or low. We also estimate the growth of capital services by two different methods: ex-post and ex-ante, and the contribution of capital to output growth by three methods: ex-post, ex-ante and hybrid. The ex-ante method uses an estimate of the required rate of return for each country instead of the actual, average rate of return to calculate user costs and also employs the expected growth of asset prices rather than the actual growth. These estimates are derived from exactly the same data as for the ex-post method, ie without any extraneous data being employed. For estimating the contribution of capital to output growth, the ex-ante method uses ex-ante profit as the weight, while both the ex-post and the hybrid method use ex-post profit. We find that the three methods produce very similar results at the market economy level. But differences are much larger at the branch level, particularly between the ex-post and ex-ante methods.

Nicholas Oulton; Ana Rincon-aznar

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Neutrino Event Rates from Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We recalculate the diffuse flux of high energy neutrinos produced by Gamma Ray Bursts (GRB) in the relativistic fireball model. Although we confirm that the average single burst produces only ~10^{-2} high energy neutrino events in a detector with 1 km^2 effective area, i.e. about 10 events per year, we show that the observed rate is dominated by burst-to-burst fluctuations which are very large. We find event rates that are expected to be larger by one order of magnitude, likely more, which are dominated by a few very bright bursts. This greatly simplifies their detection.

F. Halzen; D. W. Hooper

1999-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

446

Rating of Mixed Split Residential Air Conditioners  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A methodology is presented for rating the performance of mixed, split residential air conditioners. The method accounts for the impact on system performance of the indoor evaporator, expansion device and fan; three major components that are likely to be substituted for the matched components in a mixed system. The method allows calculation of capacity at 95F rating point and seasonal energy efficiency ratio, SEER, without performing laboratory test of the complete system. Limitations of the procedure, present work, and anticipated improvements are also discussed.

Domanski, P. A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Large deviation properties of constant rate data streams sharing a buffer with variable rate cross traffic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider a constant rate data stream which shares a buffer with a variable rate data stream. A first come first serve service discipline is applied at the buffer. After service at the first buffer the variable rate traffic leaves the system, whereas ... Keywords: 68M20, 90B15, Markov-modulated fluid sources, fluid model, large buffer asymptotics, many sources asymptotics, on-off sources, primary 60F10, queueing network, secondary 60K25

Kurt Majewski

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Higgs Boson Production Rates in Hadronic Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higgs boson production rates at hadron colliders are reviewed with particular emphasis on progress in the calculation of higher order QCD effects. Emphasis is placed on the uncertainties in the predictions for Higgs boson production. A firm understanding of these uncertainties is crucial for extracting new physics signals.

S. Dawson

2001-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

449

ON RATES OF CONVERGENCE FOR STOCHASTIC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our focus is on rates of convergence of estimators of optimal solutions and ..... In preparation for that result, we state the following assumption, which is similar to ...... second problem is LandS, a modification of a simple problem in electrical...

450

Estimation of Mean Rain Rate through Censoring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mixed lognormal distribution is fit to rain-rate data to estimate the spacetime average. To mitigate problems associated with biased data, data below a minimum and above a maximum threshold are treated as if they are at the respective ...

Donald Martin

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Radar Determination of Snowfall Rate and Accumulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unique method that provides for relating radar-measured reflectivity factors to snowfall rates at the ground is presented. Data were provided by a CPS-9, 3.2 cm radar from six 1978 Massachusetts snowstorms A best-fit power-law relationship ...

Roland J. Boucher; James G. Wieler

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Heart Physiology Lab Part 1: Pulse Rate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heart Physiology Lab Part 1: Pulse Rate Measure your pulse in each of the following conditions (in in the class. You may use Table 1 in the Heart Physiology Worksheet for this, if you wish. Once you have all of the class averages for each measurement. You may use Graph 1 in the Heart Physiology Worksheet for this

Loughry, Jim

453

The Distant Type Ia Supernova Rate  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

We present a measurement of the rate of distant Type Ia supernovae derived using 4 large subsets of data from the Supernova Cosmology Project. Within this fiducial sample, which surveyed about 12 square degrees, thirty-eight supernovae were detected at redshifts 0.25--0.85. In a spatially flat cosmological model consistent with the results obtained by the Supernova Cosmology Project, we derive a rest-frame Type Ia supernova rate at a mean red shift z {approx_equal} 0.55 of 1.53 {sub -0.25}{sub -0.31}{sup 0.28}{sup 0.32} x 10{sup -4} h{sup 3} Mpc{sup -3} yr{sup -1} or 0.58{sub -0.09}{sub -0.09}{sup +0.10}{sup +0.10} h{sup 2} SNu(1 SNu = 1 supernova per century per 10{sup 10} L{sub B}sun), where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second includes systematic effects. The dependence of the rate on the assumed cosmological parameters is studied and the redshift dependence of the rate per unit comoving volume is contrasted with local estimates in the context of possible cosmic star formation histories and progenitor models.

Pain, R.; Fabbro, S.; Sullivan, M.; Ellis, R. S.; Aldering, G.; Astier, P.; Deustua, S. E.; Fruchter, A. S.; Goldhaber, G.; Goobar, A.; Groom, D. E.; Hardin, D.; Hook, I. M.; Howell, D. A.; Irwin, M. J.; Kim, A. G.; Kim, M. Y.; Knop, R. A.; Lee, J. C.; Perlmutter, S.; Ruiz-Lapuente, P.; Schahmaneche, K.; Schaefer, B.; Walton, N. A.

2002-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

454

Radiative Heating Rates for Saharan Dust  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combined longwave and shortwave radiative transfer model was used to determine effects of Saharan dust on the radiative fluxes and heating/cooling rates in the atmosphere. Cases are treated for cloud-free and overcast conditions over the ocean ...

Toby N. Carlson; Stanley G. Benjamin

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Estimating the rate of web page updates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Estimating the rate of Web page updates helps in improving the Web crawler's scheduling policy. But, most of the Web sources are autonomous and updated independently. Clients like Web crawlers are not aware of when and how often the sources change. Unlike ...

Sanasam Ranbir Singh

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Investigation of determinism in heart rate variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The article searches for the possible presence of determinism in heart rate variability (HRV) signals by using a new approach based on NARMA (nonlinear autoregressive moving average) modeling and free-run prediction. Thirty-three 256-point HRV time series obtained from Wistar rats submitted to different autonomic blockade protocols are considered

M. E. D. Gomes; A. V. P. Souza; H. N. Guimares; L. A. Aguirre

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

A New Series of Rate Decline Relations Based on the Diagnosis of Rate-Time Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The so-called "Arps" rate decline relations are by far the most widely used tool for assessing oil and gas reserves from rate performance. These relations (i.e., the exponential and hyperbolic decline relations) are empirical where the starting point for their derivation is given by the definitions of the "loss ratio" and the "derivative of the loss ratio", where the "loss ratio" is the ratio of rate data to derivative of rate data, and the "derivative of the loss ratio" is the "b-parameter" as defined by Arps [1945]. The primary goal of this work is the interpretation of the b-parameter continuously over time and thus the better understanding of its character. As is shown below we propose "monotonically decreasing functional forms" for the characterization of the b-parameter, in addition to the exponential and hyperbolic rate decline relations, where the b-parameter is assumed to be zero and constant, respectively. The proposed equations are as follow: b(t)=constant (Arps' hyperbolic rate-decline relation), []tbbtb10exp)(-bt= (exponential function), (power-law function), 10)(btbtb=)/(1)(10tbbtb+= (rational function). The corresponding rate decline relation for each case is obtained by solving the differential equation associated with the selected functional for the b-parameter. The next step of this procedure is to test and validate each of the rate decline relations by applying them to various numerical simulation cases (for gas), as well as for field data cases obtained from tight/shale gas reservoirs. Our results indicate that b-parameter is never constant but it changes continuously with time. The ultimate objective of this work is to establish each model as a potential analysis/diagnostic relation. Most of the proposed models yield more realistic estimations of gas reserves in comparison to the traditional Arps' rate decline relations (i.e., the hyperbolic decline) where the reserves estimates are inconsistent and over-estimated. As an example, the rational b-parameter model seems to be the most accurate model in terms of representing the character of rate data; and therefore, should yield more realistic reserves estimates. Illustrative examples are provided for better understanding of each b-parameter rate decline model. The proposed family of rate decline relations was based on the character of the b-parameter computed from the rate-time data and they can be applied to a wide range of data sets, as dictated by the character of rate data.

Boulis, Anastasios

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Rate Us - ORNL DAAC Feedback Forum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Help > Feedback Help > Feedback Rate Us - ORNL DAAC Feedback Forum To improve service to our customers, this forum provides a means to monitor user satisfaction. Please take a moment to tell us about your experience. Consider Data availability, accessibility, and value Web navigation and content Customer service Your responses will remain anonymous in keeping with our Privacy Policy. Select one of the following options that best describes your experience with the ORNL DAAC. Positive Mixed Negative If you wish to add comments or to explain your rating, please enter your comments in the box below. If you would like us to reply to your comments or concern, please enter your e-mail address here: Please solve the following simple math problem: 4 x 2 = help icon Submit Feedback Clear form

459

Thermal dilepton rates from quenched lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present new lattice results on the continuum extrapolation of the vector current correlation function. Lattice calculations have been carried out in the deconfined phase at a temperature of 1.1 Tc, extending our previous results at 1.45 Tc, utilizing quenched non-perturbatively clover-improved Wilson fermions and light quark masses. A systematic analysis on multiple lattice spacings allows to perform the continuum limit of the correlation function and to extract spectral properties in the continuum limit. Our current analysis suggests the results for the electrical conductivity are proportional to the temperature and the thermal dilepton rates in the quark gluon plasma are comparable for both temperatures. Preliminary results of the continuum extrapolated correlation function at finite momenta, which relates to thermal photon rates, are also presented.

H. -T. Ding; A. Francis; O. Kaczmarek; F. Karsch; E. Laermann; S. Mukherjee; M. Mller; W. Soeldner

2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

460

Stretch rate of tubular premixed flames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Following Seshadri and Williams solution describing the flow field for the opposed jet burner, the analytical solution is given for the flow field of two other burners: the opposed tubular burner and the tubular burner. Under plug flow boundary conditions, it is shown that the stretch rate at the stagnation surface of the opposed tubular burner is k=pV/(R{sub 2}-R{sub 1}) for the case of equal velocities and equal densities (i.e., r{sub 1}=r{sub 2} and V{sub 1}=-V{sub 2}=V). For the tubular burner, the stretch rate at the center of the burner is k=pV/R{sub 2}. The comparison of the numerical simulation and analytical solution is carried out to verify the analytical solution. (author)

Wang, Peiyong; Wehrmeyer, Joseph A.; Pitz, Robert W. [Mechanical Engineering Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Subsurface heaters with low sulfidation rates  

SciTech Connect

A system for heating a hydrocarbon containing formation includes a heater having an elongated ferromagnetic metal heater section. The heater is located in an opening in a formation. The heater section is configured to heat the hydrocarbon containing formation. The exposed ferromagnetic metal has a sulfidation rate that goes down with increasing temperature of the heater, when the heater is in a selected temperature range.

John, Randy Carl; Vinegar, Harold J

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

462

Decoherence rates for Galilean covariant dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce a measure of decoherence for a class of density operators. For Gaussian density operators in dimension one it coincides with an index used by Morikawa (1990). Spatial decoherence rates are derived for three large classes of the Galilean covariant quantum semigroups introduced by Holevo. We also characterize the relaxation to a Gaussian state for these dynamics and give a theorem for the convergence of the Wigner function to the probability distribution of the classical analog of the process.

Jeremy Clark

2007-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

463

Category:Utility Rates | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Utility Rates Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Utility Rate Pages in category "Utility Rates" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 42,539 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 0 Data:0000827d-84d0-453d-b659-b86869323897 Data:000086db-7a5e-4356-9c57-c912f7d1622e Data:0003a8b3-04b9-4ecb-b06d-6022e7f0f009 Data:000470c7-df04-47aa-bdd2-d70f0a2c52b3 Data:000b6dfa-a541-428a-9029-423006e22a34 Data:000db36e-b548-43e7-a283-d37ecc77cef1 Data:000e60f7-120d-48ab-a1f9-9c195329c628 Data:00101108-073b-4503-9cd4-01769611c26f Data:001361ca-50d2-49bc-b331-08755a2c7c7d

464

Heating Rate Profiles in Galaxy Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In recent years evidence has accumulated suggesting that the gas in galaxy clusters is heated by non-gravitational processes. Here we calculate the heating rates required to maintain a physically motived mass flow rate, in a sample of seven galaxy clusters. We employ the spectroscopic mass deposition rates as an observational input along with temperature and density data for each cluster. On energetic grounds we find that thermal conduction could provide the necessary heating for A2199, Perseus, A1795 and A478. However, the suppression factor, of the clasical Spitzer value, is a different function of radius for each cluster. Based on the observations of plasma bubbles we also calculate the duty cycles for each AGN, in the absence of thermal conduction, which can provide the required energy input. With the exception of Hydra-A it appears that each of the other AGNs in our sample require duty cycles of roughly $10^{6}-10^{7}$ yrs to provide their steady-state heating requirements. If these duty cycles are unrealistic, this may imply that many galaxy clusters must be heated by very powerful Hydra-A type events interspersed between more frequent smaller-scale outbursts. The suppression factors for the thermal conductivity required for combined heating by AGN and thermal conduction are generally acceptable. However, these suppression factors still require `fine-tuning` of the thermal conductivity as a function of radius. As a consequence of this work we present the AGN duty cycle as a cooling flow diagnostic.

Edward C. D. Pope; Georgi Pavlovski; Christian R. Kaiser; Hans Fangohr

2006-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

465

Dependency and false discovery rate: Asymptotics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some effort has been undertaken over the last decade to provide conditions for the control of the false discovery rate by the linear step-up procedure (LSU) for testing $n$ hypotheses when test statistics are dependent. In this paper we investigate the expected error rate (EER) and the false discovery rate (FDR) in some extreme parameter configurations when $n$ tends to infinity for test statistics being exchangeable under null hypotheses. All results are derived in terms of $p$-values. In a general setup we present a series of results concerning the interrelation of Simes' rejection curve and the (limiting) empirical distribution function of the $p$-values. Main objects under investigation are largest (limiting) crossing points between these functions, which play a key role in deriving explicit formulas for EER and FDR. As specific examples we investigate equi-correlated normal and $t$-variables in more detail and compute the limiting EER and FDR theoretically and numerically. A surprising limit behavior occ...

Finner, Helmut; Roters, Markus

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Neutrino energy loss rates and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co for presupernova and supernova physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proton-neutron quasi-particle random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) theory has recently being used for calculation of stellar weak interaction rates of $fp$-shell nuclide with success. Neutrino losses from proto-neutron stars play a pivotal role to decide if these stars would be crushed into black holes or explode as supernovae. The product of abundance and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co is substantial and as such can play a role in fine tuning of input parameters of simulation codes specially in the presupernova evolution. Recently we introduced our calculation of capture rates on $^{55}$Co, in a luxurious model space of $7 \\hbar \\omega$, employing the pn-QRPA theory with a separable interaction. Simulators, however, may require these rates on a fine scale. Here we present for the first time an expanded calculation of the neutrino energy loss rates and positron capture rates on $^{55}$Co on an extensive temperature-density scale. These type of scale is appropriate for interpolation purposes and of greater utility for simulation codes. The pn-QRPA calculated neutrino energy loss rates are enhanced roughly up to two orders of magnitude compared with the large-scale shell model calculations and favor a lower entropy for the core of massive stars.

Jameel-Un Nabi; Muhammad Sajjad

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

467

Liability aspects of home energy-rating systems  

SciTech Connect

Liability aspects of home energy rating systems are discussed. An introduction to the rating system concept, including types of rating systems, implementation efforts to date, and possible groups to conduct ratings, is also included. The home energy rating system concept involves the periodic rating of the energy efficiency of residential buildings. The rating can provide a relative indication of a home's energy efficiency and also a quantitative estimate of consumption, fuel cost, or both. Primary attention is given to liability issues associated with developing and performing ratings. Secondary attention is given to possible liability associated with misuse of a rating once it has been performed.

Hendrickson, P.L.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Occurrence rate of extreme magnetic storms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical analysis of occurrence rate of magnetic storms induced by different types of interplanetary drivers is made on the basis of OMNI data for period 1976-2000. Using our catalog of large scale types of solar wind streams we study storms induced by interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICME) (separately magnetic clouds (MC) and Ejecta) and both types of compressed regions: corotating interaction regions (CIR) and Sheaths. For these types of drivers we calculate integral probabilities of storms with minimum Dst storms shows that such a magnetic storm as Carrington storm in 1859 with Dst = -1760 nT is observed on the Earth with frequency 1 event during ~500 year.

Yermolaev, Yu I; Nikolaeva, N S; Yermolaev, M Yu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Relevant energy ranges for astrophysical reaction rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effective energy windows (Gamow windows) of astrophysical reaction rates for (p,gamma), (p,n), (p,alpha), (alpha,gamma), (alpha,n), (alpha,p), (n,gamma), (n,p), and (n,alpha) on targets with 10<=Z<=83 from proton to neutron dripline are calculated using theoretical cross sections. It is shown that widely used approximation formulas for the relevant energy ranges are not valid for a large number of reactions relevant to hydrostatic and explosive nucleosynthesis. The influence of the energy dependence of the averaged widths on the location of the Gamow windows is discussed and the results are presented in tabular form.

Rauscher, Thomas [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstr. 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Reverse Engineering of Proteasomal Translocation Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We address the problem of proteasomal protein translocation and introduce a new stochastic model of the proteasomal digestion (cleavage) of proteins. In this model we account for the protein translocation and the positioning of cleavage sites of a proteasome from first principles. We show by test examples and by processing experimental data that our model allows reconstruction of the translocation and cleavage rates from mass spectroscopy data on digestion patterns and can be used to investigate the properties of transport in different experimental set-ups. Detailed investigation with this model will enable theoretical quantitative prediction of the proteasomal activity.

D. S. Goldobin; M. Mishto; K. Textoris-Taube; P. M. Kloetzel; A. Zaikin

2008-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

471

Estimating meteor rates using Bayesian inference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method for estimating the true meteor rate \\lambda\\ from a small number of observed meteors n is derived. We employ Bayesian inference with a Poissonian likelihood function. We discuss the choice of a suitable prior and propose the adoption of Jeffreys prior, P(\\lambda)=\\lambda^{-0.5}, which yields an expectation value E(\\lambda) = n+0.5 for any n \\geq 0. We update the ZHR meteor activity formula accordingly, and explain how 68%- and 95%-confidence intervals can be computed.

Barentsen, Geert; Frhlich, Hans-Erich

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Corrosion Rate, Effect of Soil Properties: Development of a Sensor System to Calculate Corrosion Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses corrosion of substation ground grids and the development of a corrosion sensor system and supporting algorithms that can be used in the field to quickly estimate the corrosion rate of a metal in soils of low resistivity.The system is based on the linear polarization resistance (LPR) technique, an electrochemical method of calculating corrosion rates by measuring the relationship between electrochemical potential and the electric current between electrodes. ...

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

473

PowerChoice Residential Customer Response to TOU Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1983. Time-of-Day Electricity Rates for the United States.to Voluntary Time-of-Use Electricity Rates. Resource andCompared to your old electricity rate, would you say that

Peters, Jane S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Fair rate assignment in interference limited multi-hop networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.2 Utility Based Fair Rate Assignment . . . . . . 1.2.1de?ned in [21]. Utility Based Fair Rate Assignment In thisfunction. The utility based fair rate assignment policy (

Arisoylu, Mustafa

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Quantitative relationship of sick building syndrome symptoms with ventilation rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

32%), and as ventilation rate increases from 10 to 25 L/s-0.85) as ventilation rate increases from 10 to 25 L/s-29% as ventilation rate increases from 10 to 25 L/s-person.

Fisk, William J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Low-Interest Rates Entice...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

rate. EnergyWorks in Philadelphia is using low-interest loan rates to incentivize homeowners by tying the interest rate to the number of energy efficiency measures incorporated...

477

Abnormal heart rate turbulence predicts the initiation of ventricular arrhythmias  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

atrial pacing with onset heart rate = 99 beats/min. (C)Thonet G, Vesin J-M, et al. Heart rate dynamics at the on-M, Barthel P, et al. Heart-rate turbulence after ventricular

Iwasa, Atsushi; Hwa, Michael; Hassankhani, Alborz; Liu, Taylor; Narayan, Sanjiv M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Quantitative relationship of sick building syndrome symptoms with ventilation rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at two outdoor air supply rates." Indoor Air 14 Suppl 8: 7-Miettinen (1995). "Ventilation rate in office buildings andAssociation of ventilation rates and CO 2 concentrations

Fisk, William J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

An Equilibrium Model of "Global Imbalances" and Low Interest Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

were converted into dollars using daily exchange rates.and Flexible Ex- change Rates, MIT Press, 1982, pp. 116156.Imbalances and Low Interest Rates Ricardo J. Caballero

Caballero, Ricardo J; Farhi, Emmanuel; Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

PowerChoice Residential Customer Response to TOU Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1983. Time-of-Day Electricity Rates for the United States.Effect of Time-of-Use Rates In the Los Angeles ElectricityCustomer Response to TOU Rates. Research Into Action. Public

Peters, Jane S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mar ket-based rates" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Optimal Growth Rates in the Quasigeostrophic Initial Value Problem  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large class of wave structures in quasigeostrophic flow have instantaneous growth rates significantly larger than normal-mode growth rates. Since energy and potential enstrophy growth rates can be defined as functions of the perturbation ...

Enda O'Brien

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Age effects on atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex and hippocampus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WJ, et al. Higher atrophy rate of entorhinal cortex thanBL, Reed BR, et al. Atrophy rates of entorhinal cortex in ADPC, Smith GE, Ivnik RJ, et al. Rates of hippocampal atrophy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Provo River Project Power Sales Rate History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Provo River Project Power Sales Rate History Updated: 12/20/2013 Rate Schedule Effective Dates Energy (Mills/kWh) Capacity ($/kW-mo.) Combined (Mills/kWh) Administrative Action 4/58 - 6/64 (Summer Season) 3.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/58 - 4/64 (Winter Season) 4.500 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 7/64 - 9/79 (Summer Season) 5.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/64 - 9/79 (Winter Season) 3.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/79 - 9/82 6.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/82 - 9/90 6.850 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/90 - 9/94 8.000 N.A. N.A. Administrative Action 10/94 - Present Installments N.A. N.A. Note: The Provo River Project sells energy only. As of October 1994, customers pay all OM&R expenses and in return, receive all the energy produced by the Project.

484

Coincident count rates in absorbing dielectric media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the effects of absorption on the nonlinear process of parametric down conversion is presented. Absorption within the nonlinear medium is accounted for by employing the framework of macroscopic QED and the Green tensor quantization of the electromagnetic field. An effective interaction Hamiltonian, which describes the nonlinear interaction of the electric field and the linear noise polarization field, is used to derive the quantum state of the light leaving a nonlinear crystal. The signal and idler modes of this quantum state are found to be a superpositions of the electric and noise polarization fields. Using this state, the expression for the coincident count rates for both Type I and Type II conversion are found. The nonlinear interaction with the noise polarization field were shown to cause an increase in the rate on the order of 10^{-12} for absorption of 10% per cm. This astonishingly small effect is found to be negligible compared to the decay caused by linear absorption of the propagating modes. From the expressions for the biphoton amplitude it can be seen the maximally entangled states can still be produced even in the presence of strong absorption.

J. A. Crosse; Stefan Scheel

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

485

Coincident count rates in absorbing dielectric media  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the effects of absorption on the nonlinear process of parametric down conversion is presented. Absorption within the nonlinear medium is accounted for by employing the framework of macroscopic QED and the Green tensor quantization of the electromagnetic field. An effective interaction Hamiltonian, which describes the nonlinear interaction of the electric field and the linear noise polarization field, is used to derive the quantum state of the light leaving a nonlinear crystal. The signal and idler modes of this quantum state are found to be a superpositions of the electric and noise polarization fields. Using this state, the expression for the coincident count rates for both Type I and Type II conversion are found. The nonlinear interaction with the noise polarization field were shown to cause an increase in the rate on the order of 10^{-12} for absorption of 10% per cm. This astonishingly small effect is found to be negligible compared to the decay caused by linear absorption of the propagating mo...

Crosse, J A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Rail Coal Transportation Rates - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

In this latest release of Coal Transportation Rates to the Electric ... This report covers railroad transportation rates from 2001-2010 and barge and truck ...

487

Increased cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated silicon anodes in lithium-ion batteries Title Increased cycling efficiency and rate capability of copper-coated silicon...

488

High-rate capable organic radical cathodes for lithium rechargeable...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High-rate capable organic radical cathodes for lithium rechargeable batteries Title High-rate capable organic radical cathodes for lithium rechargeable batteries Publication Type...

489

Benchmarking and Performance Based Rating System for Commercial...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and green building rating systems such as Leadership in Energy and Environment Design (LEED-India) and Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) have been the prime...

490

Development of a Low Dose Rate Irradiation Facility for Long...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Rate Irradiation Facility for Long Term Animal Exposures at Colorado State University Michael Weil Colorado State University Abstract A low dose rate irradiation facility...

491

The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related Issues That May Impede Its Expansion The Potential Benefits of Distributed Generation and the Rate-Related...

492

Does EIA publish electric utility rate, tariff, and demand charge ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Does EIA publish electric utility rate, tariff, and demand charge data? No, EIA does not collect or publish data on electricity rates, or tariffs, for the sale or ...

493

Widget:UtilityRateEntryHelperVideo | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search This widget displays the utility rate database form helper video. For example: Widget:UtilityRateEntryHelperVideo Retrieved from "http:...

494

PowerChoice Residential Customer Response to TOU Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Residential Electricity Time-of-Use Rates. Journal ofResidential Response to Voluntary Time-of-Use Electricity Rates.

Peters, Jane S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems Title Measuring rates of outdoor airflow into HVAC systems Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-51583 Year...

496

Italy's rating in the spotlight again. - Asset Securitization ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fitch Ratings put Italy's country AA' ratings on watch negative last week. The Italian covered... | Article from Asset Securitization Report June 5, ...

497

Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates and Low Temperature Title Overcharge Protection for 4 V Lithium Batteries at High Rates and Low Temperature...

498

Quantifying the Impacts of Time-based Rates, Enabling Technology...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Impacts of Time-based Rates, Enabling Technology, and Other Treatments in Consumer Behavior Studies: Protocols and Guidelines Title Quantifying the Impacts of Time-based Rates,...

499

Characterization of Elevated Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth Rates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

temperature fatigue and the crack growth rates may be adequately correlated with the ... During creep crack growth the use of rate dependent elastic/plastic frac-.

500

Overcharge Protection for Lihium Batteries at High Rates and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Overcharge Protection for Lihium Batteries at High Rates and Low Termperatures Title Overcharge Protection for Lihium Batteries at High Rates and Low Termperatures Publication Type...