Sample records for maps countries country

  1. Geospatial Toolkits and Resource Maps for Selected Countries from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    NREL developed the Geospatial Toolkit (GsT), a map-based software application that integrates resource data and geographic information systems (GIS) for integrated resource assessment. A variety of agencies within countries, along with global datasets, provided country-specific data. Originally developed in 2005, the Geospatial Toolkit was completely redesigned and re-released in November 2010 to provide a more modern, easier-to-use interface with considerably faster analytical querying capabilities. Toolkits are available for 21 countries and each one can be downloaded separately. The source code for the toolkit is also available. [Taken and edited from http://www.nrel.gov/international/geospatial_toolkits.html

  2. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Interactive MAP in PDF, all Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF, all...

  3. Country Analysis Briefs

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2028-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ongoing compilation of country energy profiles. The Energy Information Administration (EIA) maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries that are important to world energy markets, including members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers, major energy transit countries, major energy consumers, and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers.

  4. Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume,234 0% 0% #12;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel;Absolute Biodiesel Potential Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters

  5. Country profile: Hungary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary's energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

  6. Country profile: Hungary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Profile: Hungary has been prepared as a background document for use by US Government agencies and US businesses interested in becoming involved with the new democracies of Eastern Europe as they pursue sustainable economic development. The focus of the Profile is on energy and highlights information on Hungary`s energy supply, demand, and utilization. It identifies patterns of energy usage in the important economic sectors, especially industry, and provides a preliminary assessment for opportunities to improve efficiencies in energy production, distribution and use by introducing more efficient technologies. The use of more efficient technologies would have the added benefit of reducing the environmental impact which, although is not the focus of the report, is an issue that effects energy choices. The Profile also presents considerable economic information, primarily in the context of how economic restructuring may affect energy supply, demand, and the introduction of more efficient technologies.

  7. Energy planning in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meier, P.M.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides discussion of analytical methods for energy-sector planning in developing countries. The author addresses such topics as energy balances, the Reference Energy System (RES), approaches to demand forecasting, project evaluation (including capital budgeting), techniques for dealing with uncertainty, financial accounting as applied to the typical parastatal electric utility of a developing country, techniques for pricing studies, scenario analysis, and approaches to the evaluation of macroeconomic impacts of energy-sector decisions. Extensive use is made of case-study material, including examples from Haiti, Tunisia, the Sudan, Jordan, Mauritius, Thailand, Sri Lanka, and Liberia.

  8. Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis This is a document from the Fayette County Housing Consortium posted...

  9. Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Selected Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 51115 6.15 6.08 6.28 6.83 6.96 6.75 3.06 5415 6.14 6.06...

  10. Country Scotland Type Single malt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izzard, Rob

    Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Aberfeldy Region Highlands Age 12 years ABV 40% Cask, the perfume characteristics become more spicy, with a bitter hint of Seville oranges in a decidedly dry finish. Drying citrus/oak with a gentle spiciness, held in a warm embrace of cigar smoke, and a little vanilla

  11. Country Scotland Type Single malt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izzard, Rob

    Country Scotland Type Single malt Distillery Jura Region Island Name Prophecy ABV 46 Cask French airport Notes Limited annual release: 10,000 bottles only. Nose Some peat, aniseed, oily, dry, pungent, dried hay, and anise round things out. Palate Smoky and dry, a muscular, powerful Jura with notes

  12. Country Energy Profile, South Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This country energy profile provides energy and economic information about South Africa. Areas covered include: Economics, demographics, and environment; Energy situation; Energy structure; Energy investment opportunities; Department of Energy (DOE) programs in South Africa; and a listing of International aid to South Africa.

  13. The Kyoto Protocol and developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babiker, Mustafa H.M.; Reilly, John M.; Jacoby, Henry D.

    Under the Kyoto Protocol, the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse effects on developing ...

  14. Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies:...

  15. Anaerobic Digestion of Biowaste in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Anaerobic Digestion of Biowaste in Developing Countries Practical Information and Case Studies Sandec: Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries #12;Anaerobic Digestion of Biowaste-3-906484-58-7 Bibliographic reference: Vögeli Y., Lohri C. R., Gallardo A., Diener S., Zurbrügg C. (2014). Anaerobic Digestion

  16. Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation is hosting the Special Institute on Energy and Mineral Development in Indian Country. This two-day conference will cover laws, policies, and practices regarding natural resources development in Indian Country and how they've evolved in the recent years.

  17. Strategies of Asian oil-importing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, M. [Asian Inst. of Tech., Bangkok (Thailand)

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various strategies are used by oil-importing countries to reduce their economic dependence on imported oil: national oil production, energy conservation, and the change of economic structures from high energy intensity sectors to low ones. In this article, the roles of these different strategies have been identified for 10 selected oil-importing countries in Asia: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong, R.O Korea, and Taiwan. The results show that most of the selected countries (although Hong Kong and Taiwan are independent economic entities, for simplicity, the author refers to them as countries) have succeeded in reducing their national economy dependence on imported oil since 1973. Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India are among the most successful countries, with more than 40% reduction in their economic dependence on imported oil.

  18. Clean development mechanism: Perspectives from developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sari, Agus P.; Meyers, Stephen

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses the political acceptability and workability of CDM by and in developing countries. At COP-3 in Kyoto in 1997, the general position among developing countries changed from strong rejection of joint implementation to acceptance of CDM. The outgrowth of CDM from a proposal from Brazil to establish a Clean Development Fund gave developing countries a sense of ownership of the idea. More importantly, establishing support for sustainable development as a main goal for CDM overcame the resistance of many developing countries to accept a carbon trading mechanism. The official acceptance of CDM is not a guarantee of continued acceptance, however. Many developing countries expect CDM to facilitate a substantial transfer of technology and other resources to support economic growth. There is concern that Annex I countries may shift official development assistance into CDM in order to gain carbon credits, and that development priorities could suffer as a result. Some fear that private investments could be skewed toward projects that yield carbon credits. Developing country governments are wary regarding the strong role of the private sector envisioned for CDM. Increasing the awareness and capacity of the private sector in developing countries to initiate and implement CDM projects needs to be a high priority. While private sector partnerships will be the main vehicle for resource transfer in CDM, developing country governments want to play a strong role in overseeing and guiding the process so that it best serves their development goals. Most countries feel that establishment of criteria for sustainable development should be left to individual countries. A key issue is how CDM can best support the strengthening of local capacity to sustain and replicate projects that serve both climate change mitigation and sustainable development objectives.There is support among developing countries for commencing CDM as soon as possible. Since official commencement must await the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, many developing countries support the establishment of an Interim Phase starting in 2000, with possible retroactive crediting once the Protocol enters into force.

  19. Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atighetchi, K.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was....

  20. Education and health care in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Trang V

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a collection of three essays on education and health in developing countries. Chapter 1 shows that increasing perceived returns to education strengthens incentives for schooling when agents underestimate the ...

  1. United Nations geothermal activities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beredjick, N.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations implements technical cooperation projects in developing countries through its Department of Technical Cooperation for Development (DTCD). The DTCD is mandated to explore for and develop natural resources (water, minerals, and relevant infrastructure) and energy - both conventional and new and renewable energy sources. To date, the United Nations has been involved in over 30 geothermal exploration projects (completed or underway) in 20 developing countries: 8 in Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar); 8 in Asia (China, India, Jordan, Philippines, Thailand); 9 in Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama) and 6 in Europe (Greece, Romania, Turkey, Yugoslavia). Today, the DTCD has seven UNDP geothermal projects in 6 developing countries. Four of these (Bolivia, China, Honduras, and Kenya) are major exploration projects whose formulation and execution has been possible thanks to the generous contributions under cost-sharing arrangements from the government of Italy. These four projects are summarized.

  2. Geothermal development opportunities in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kenkeremath, D.C.

    1989-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the proceedings of the Seminar on geothermal development opportunities in developing countries, sponsored by the Geothermal Division of the US Department of Energy and presented by the National Geothermal Association. The overall objectives of the seminar are: (1) Provide sufficient information to the attendees to encourage their interest in undertaking more geothermal projects within selected developing countries, and (2) Demonstrate the technological leadership of US technology and the depth of US industry experience and capabilities to best perform on these projects.

  3. acid fortified countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the world's wealthier countries assumed binding commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement requires these countries to consider ways to minimize adverse...

  4. arab countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Growth in Developing Countries CiteSeer Summary: Although developing countries face a drastic increase in their greenhouse gas emissions, mitigation actions against climate...

  5. Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships with American Indian Tribes Workshop Working in Indian Country: Building Successful Business Relationships...

  6. asian developing countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Countries January 1991 Physics Websites Summary: Citation: U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Energy in Developing Countries, OTA-E-486: Energy and Technology in...

  7. DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country by Addressing Barriers to Renewable Energy Development DOE Tribal Intern Aims to Improve Conditions in Indian Country...

  8. Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Colombia Country Assessment for Youth Development Accounts By Rainier Masa Summary Colombia stands) in four ways: (1) a well-regulated and innovative banking infrastructure that already delivers youth poverty line (1999): 64 (total), 55 (urban), 79 (rural) (UN Statistics Division, n.d.) » Median age: 27

  9. DESIGNATED COUNTRIES (10/07/2008) This list of "Designated Countries" is a compilation of countries with which the United States has no diplomatic relations,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    X ** TH Thailand X TW Taiwan X TC United Arab Emirates X VE Venezuela X VM Vietnam X YM Yemen X X ZI with which the United States has no diplomatic relations, countries determined by Department of State to support terrorism, countries under Sanction or Embargo by the United States and countries of Missile

  10. Economic Efficiency of Texas Country Banks.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Virgil P. (Virgil Porter)

    1932-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , 1932. *"In cooperation with U. S. Department of Agriculture. 1 $30( ings tive -. "his study shows that most Texas country banks with less than 1,000 to $400,000 in earning assets have comparatively low earn- ;, pay very little interest... to the bank investment. If we take total deposits as a rough measure of earning assets, the aver- age ratio of earning assets to capital and surplus among the banks with less than $50, 000 deposits in 1929 was 2.23 as compared with 5.19 for banks...

  11. Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.SpaceFluorControlsEnergy Copy ofandCountry-Fried

  12. North Country Ethanol LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: Energy Resources JumpOklahoma:NorthCastle, New York:CityNorth Country

  13. Indian Country Energy and Infrastructure Working Group

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently Asked Questions for DOEthe RankingReform atSolar2014 || DepartmentMarchINDIAN COUNTRY

  14. Country analysis briefs: 1994. Profiles of major world energy producers, consumers, and transport centers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country Analysis Briefs: 1994 is a compilation of country profiles prepared by the Energy Markets and Contingency Information Division (EMCID) of the Office of Energy Markets and End Use. EMCID maintains Country Analysis Briefs (CABs) for specific countries or geographical areas that are important to world energy markets. As a general rule, CABs are prepared for all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), major non-OPEC oil producers (i.e., the North Sea, Russia), major energy transit areas (i.e., Ukraine), and other areas of current interest to energy analysts and policy makers. As of January 1995, EMCID maintained over 40 CABs, updated on an annual schedule and subject to revision as events warrant. This report includes 25 CABs updated during 1994. All CABs contain a profile section, a map showing the country`s location, and a narrative section. The profile section includes outlines of the country`s economy, energy sector, and environment. The narrative provides further information and discussion of these topics. Some CABs also include a detailed map displaying locations of major oil and gas fields, pipelines, ports, etc. These maps were created as a result of special individual requests and so are not typically a standard feature of the CABs. They are presented here wherever available as a supplement to the information contained in the CABs.

  15. Green Business Development in Indian Country Training | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Development in Indian Country Training Green Business Development in Indian Country Training May 31, 2015 8:00AM MDT to June 5, 2015 5:00PM MDT Pine Ridge, South Dakota Red Cloud...

  16. Electricity reform in Chile : lessons for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chile was the first country in the world to implement a comprehensive reform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries only Argentina has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. ...

  17. Electricity Reform in Argentina: Lessons for Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Argentina was one of the first countries in the world to implement a comprehensivereform of its electricity sector in the recent period. Among developing countries onlyChile has had a comparably comprehensive and successful reform. This paper traces...

  18. MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY ARCHIVES AND COPPER COUNTRY HISTORICAL COLLECTION GENEALOGICAL & Copper Country Historical Collection J. Robert Van Pelt Library Michigan Technological University local high schools and Michigan Technological University, centennial books, and local history titles

  19. Building technological capability within satellite programs in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Danielle Renee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global participation in space activity is growing as satellite technology matures and spreads. Countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America are creating or reinvigorating national satellite programs. These countries are ...

  20. PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conference, "New Energy Conservation Technologies", Berlin,IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRYIN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY

  1. An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamlen, Kevin W.

    91 An Interactive Computer Model of Two-Country Trade Bill Hamlen and Kevin Hamlen Abstract We introduce an interactive computer model of two-country trade that allows students to investigate is to present an interactive computer model of two-country international trade that allows students

  2. Problems with packaged sources in foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abeyta, Cristy L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Matzke, James L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Zarling, John [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tompkin, J. Andrew [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's (GTRI) Off-Site Source Recovery Project (OSRP), which is administered by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), removes excess, unwanted, abandoned, or orphan radioactive sealed sources that pose a potential threat to national security, public health, and safety. In total, GTRI/OSRP has been able to recover more than 25,000 excess and unwanted sealed sources from over 825 sites. In addition to transuranic sources, the GTRI/OSRP mission now includes recovery of beta/gamma emitting sources, which are of concern to both the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). This paper provides a synopsis of cooperative efforts in foreign countries to remove excess and unwanted sealed sources by discussing three topical areas: (1) The Regional Partnership with the International Atomic Energy Agency; (2) Challenges in repatriating sealed sources; and (3) Options for repatriating sealed sources.

  3. Delineating Geographical Regions with Networks of Human Interactions in an Extensive Set of Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sobolevsky, Stanislav

    Large-scale networks of human interaction, in particular country-wide telephone call networks, can be used to redraw geographical maps by applying algorithms of topological community detection. The geographic projections ...

  4. US EIA Country Energy Profiles | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin Baxin HydropowerTrinityTurnbullGlobal Map-Annex 1EIA Country Energy

  5. Radioactive waste management approaches for developed countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Patricia Paviet-Hartmann; Anthony Hechanova; Catherine Riddle

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear power has demonstrated over the last 30 years its capacity to produce base-load electricity at a low, predictable and stable cost due to the very low economic dependence on the price of uranium. However the management of used nuclear fuel remains the “Achilles’ Heel” of this energy source since the storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing as evidenced by the following number with 2,000 tons of UNF produced each year by the 104 US nuclear reactor units which equates to a total of 62,000 spent fuel assemblies stored in dry cask and 88,000 stored in pools. Two options adopted by several countries will be presented. The first one adopted by Europe, Japan and Russia consists of recycling the used nuclear fuel after irradiation in a nuclear reactor. Ninety six percent of uranium and plutonium contained in the spent fuel could be reused to produce electricity and are worth recycling. The separation of uranium and plutonium from the wastes is realized through the industrial PUREX process so that they can be recycled for re-use in a nuclear reactor as a mixed oxide (MOX) fuel. The second option undertaken by Finland, Sweden and the United States implies the direct disposal of used nuclear fuel into a geologic formation. One has to remind that only 30% of the worldwide used nuclear fuel are currently recycled, the larger part being stored (70% in pool) waiting for scientific or political decisions. A third option is emerging with a closed fuel cycle which will improve the global sustainability of nuclear energy. This option will not only decrease the volume amount of nuclear waste but also the long-term radiotoxicity of the final waste, as well as improving the long-term safety and the heat-loading of the final repository. At the present time, numerous countries are focusing on the R&D recycling activities of the ultimate waste composed of fission products and minor actinides (americium and curium). Several new chemical extraction processes, such as TRUSPEAK, ALSEP, EXAM, or LUCA are pursued worldwide and their approaches will be highlighted.

  6. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment For Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL; Wolfe, Amy K [ORNL; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as 'available' for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

  7. Biofuel Feedstock Assessment for Selected Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kline, K.L.; Oladosu, G.A.; Wolfe, A.K.; Perlack, R.D.; Dale, V.H.

    2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Findings from biofuel feedstock production assessments and projections of future supply are presented and discussed. The report aims to improve capabilities to assess the degree to which imported biofuel could contribute to meeting future U.S. targets to reduce dependence on imported oil. The study scope was focused to meet time and resource requirements. A screening process identified Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, India, Mexico, and the Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) region for initial analysis, given their likely role in future feedstock supply relevant to U.S. markets. Supply curves for selected feedstocks in these countries are projected for 2012, 2017 and 2027. The supply functions, along with calculations to reflect estimated supplies available for export and/or biofuel production, were provided to DOE for use in a broader energy market allocation study. Potential cellulosic supplies from crop and forestry residues and perennials were also estimated for 2017 and 2027. The analysis identified capacity to potentially double or triple feedstock production by 2017 in some cases. A majority of supply growth is derived from increasing the area cultivated (especially sugarcane in Brazil). This is supplemented by improving yields and farming practices. Most future supplies of corn and wheat are projected to be allocated to food and feed. Larger shares of future supplies of sugarcane, soybean and palm oil production will be available for export or biofuel. National policies are catalyzing investments in biofuel industries to meet targets for fuel blending that generally fall in the 5-10% range. Social and environmental concerns associated with rapid expansion of feedstock production are considered. If the 2017 projected feedstock supply calculated as ‘available’ for export or biofuel were converted to fuel, it would represent the equivalent of about 38 billion gallons of gasoline. Sugarcane and bagasse dominate the available supply, representing 64% of the total. Among the nations studied, Brazil is the source of about two-thirds of available supplies, followed distantly by Argentina (12%), India and the CBI region.

  8. Country report on advertising and promotion bans - Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrabak-Zerbajic, Dr. Vlasta

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Country report on advertising and promotion bans – Croatiaand promotion bans – Croatia Dr Vlasta Hrabak-Zerbajicbeen grown and consumed in Croatia. In the last century the

  9. Approved Members of the Indian Country Energy And Infrastructure...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG APPROVED MEMBERS Blue Lake Rancheria Jana Ganion, BLR Energy Director Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs...

  10. Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    Profitable Biodiesel Potential from Increased Agricultural Yields Country Name Production Cost ($/liter) Potential Biodiesel Volume (liters) Total Export Profits ($) HDI Rank GDP/ cap Corrupt Rank FDI

  11. BACKGROUND GLOBAL STEEL OVERCAPACITY and OIL COUNTRY TUBULAR...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    surging-steel-imports Strong trade enforcement is especially critical in the market for oil country tubular goods (OCTG), the pipe and steel products used for energy exploration....

  12. PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Table Comparison of LBL and IEA Residential Energy Dataof LBL Country LBL (PJ) IEA (PJ) Comment CANADA FRANCEITALY JAPAN SWEDEN UK IEA (and Stat.Canada) omit large

  13. Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: finance and investment perspectives Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Scaling up Renewable Energy in Developing...

  14. DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    April 24: Live Webinar on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country: Natural Resources and Agriculture Webinar Webinar Sponsors: White House Office of Public Engagement, White...

  15. New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    New Technology, Human Capital and Growth for Developing Countries. Cuong Le Van, Manh-Hung Nguyen country with three sectors in economy: con- sumption goods, new technology, and education. Productivity of the con- sumption goods sector depends on new technology and skilled labor used for production of the new

  16. Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simha, Rahul

    Assessing the Energy Costs of Computing Devices in Developing Countries K. Gopinath1 and Rahul to power these devices in developing countries. (2) the energy-efficient design of large information@gwu.edu Abstract Competition, technological developments, and economies of scale have together brought down

  17. Radioactive Waste Management in Non-Nuclear Countries - 13070

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kubelka, Dragan; Trifunovic, Dejan [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)] [SORNS, Frankopanska 11, HR-10000 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper challenges internationally accepted concepts of dissemination of responsibilities between all stakeholders involved in national radioactive waste management infrastructure in the countries without nuclear power program. Mainly it concerns countries classified as class A and potentially B countries according to International Atomic Energy Agency. It will be shown that in such countries long term sustainability of national radioactive waste management infrastructure is very sensitive issue that can be addressed by involving regulatory body in more active way in the infrastructure. In that way countries can mitigate possible consequences on the very sensitive open market of radioactive waste management services, comprised mainly of radioactive waste generators, operators of end-life management facilities and regulatory body. (authors)

  18. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  19. Nuclear emergency preparedness in the Nordic and Baltic Sea countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaworska, A

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation emergency preparedness systems must be able to deal with the threats posed to each country and the region as a whole. The threats from nuclear accidents differ in the various countries of the region. The most serious nuclear threats are those with cross-border implications and are generally assumed to be due to the presence of nuclear reactors of various kinds. Some countries in the region, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, the Russian Federation and Sweden, have nuclear power plants, and several countries in the region possess smaller research reactors. Other nuclear threats arise from nuclear powered naval vessels or submarines, and from nuclear powered satellites. Production, transportation, use, and disposal of radioactive materials constitute potential local nuclear hazards. Finally, terrorist use of radioactive material poses a nuclear threat to all countries. (au)

  20. Pakistan: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report summarizes the energy and economic situation in Pakistan.

  1. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  2. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    OPEC Algeria Indonesia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela Other Countries Arab OPEC b Total OPEC c 1978 ... 14.12 13.61 13.24 14.05...

  3. Electricity Network Tariff Architectures: A Comparison of Four OECD Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sakhrani, Vivek

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The study is motivated by the question “what is the optimal tariff design?” While we do not offer an answer to this question, we use the different designs in four select countries to illuminate the issues involved in ...

  4. Bicycle-powered attachments : designing for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jodie (Jodie Z.)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There are 550 million smallholder farmers around the world who earn less than $1/day who could benefit from pedal-powered attachments. This project discusses factors to consider in designing for developing countries and ...

  5. Essays on household decision making in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, James W. (James Wesley)

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation contains three essays on household decision making in the areas of education and health in developing countries. The first chapter explores intra-household decision making in the context of conditional ...

  6. Strategic analysis of mobile money ventures in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caballero, Luis (Luis Alberto Caballero Parra)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mobile money services are spreading rapidly in many developed and developing countries across the world. Whereas in developed economies these new services are seen as a way to make current services more functional and ...

  7. Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Seminole Tribe of Florida Native Learning Center is excited to present its first Grant Researching and Proposal Writing in Indian Country Workshop. Whether you are a beginner, an expert, or...

  8. Power Sector Reform in Developing Countries: A Return to Basics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Douglas, James B.

    2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Instead of following the Restructuring Model most often used in the international community since the 1990s, developing countries should adopt an alternative conceptual model called the Integrated Model in order to develop and implement effective electricity reform programs. (author)

  9. Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

  10. Essays on banking and corporate finance in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gormley, Todd A

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation consists of three essays that examine banking and corporate finance in developing countries. Specifically, it explores the theoretical and empirical implications of open capital markets, foreign bank ...

  11. What Polarized Country? Clean Energy -The Great Convener

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Sharon J.

    What Polarized Country? Clean Energy - The Great Convener Tuesday, October 2, 2012 11:30 a.m. - 1, vast agreement that we should champion clean energy and energy efficiency. Join us for an engaging

  12. Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, G. B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents specially, the effectiveness...

  13. asian countries current: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Views of Teachers and Students Texas A&M University - TxSpace Summary: related to reform mathematics were not more likely to be deemphasized in each East Asian country. Also,...

  14. Energy Efficient Residential Building Code for Arab Countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanna, G. B.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents an energy analysis to support the Egyptian efforts to develop a New Energy Code for New Residential Buildings in the Arab Countries. Also, the paper represents a brief summary of the code contents ...

  15. Carbon and Water Cycling in a Texas Hill Country Woodland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamps, Ray Herbert

    2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Two tree species, Plateau live oak (Quercus fusiformis) and Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei) survive and thrive in a dense woodland on thin soil overlying massive limestone formations in the Texas Hill Country with recurrent annual summer drought...

  16. Contemporary rhetorical trends and tensions in women's country music

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haynes, Julie Ann

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    randomly selected songs by women which reached number one on Billboard's "Country Singles" charts. Additionally, through the use of gender ideology criticism, the four most popular music videos of the 1990s sample are evaluated. The study revealed...

  17. The impact of oil on a developing country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikein, A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book provides an analysis of the impact of the oil industry on a particular developing country, Nigeria over a period of 32 years. Arguing that previous studies on the oil industry in developing countries have tended to focus only on the economic significance of oil, ignoring its societal costs, the author uses a multidimensional approach that enables him to identify the linkage between the performance of the oil industry and the pattern of Nigeria's national and regional development.

  18. India: Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gazdar, M.N.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs of the East-West Center series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies provide an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. To the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics. Staff members have traveled extensively in-and at times have lived in-the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. Over the next few years these country studies can be updated and will provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This India Asia-Pacific Energy Series Country Report is the follow-on to a study by Victor Lobo, Energy in India: The Oil Sector, which was published by the East-West Center in December 1989. The study focused on the petroleum industry, particularly refining, infrastructure, marketing and distribution, specifications of products, demand structure and pricing. This current study, must be seen as a supplement to our 1989 study and, as such, does not cover the petroleum sector in depth.

  19. Prospects for the power sector in nine developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Goldman, N.; Martin, N.; Friedmann, R.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on information drawn primarily from official planning documents issued by national governments and/or utilities, the authors examined the outlook for the power sector in the year 2000 in nine countries: China, India, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Argentina and Mexico. They found that the implicit rates of average annual growth of installed electric power capacity between 1991 and 2001 range from a low of 3.3% per year in Argentina to a high of 13.2% per year in Indonesia. In absolute terms, China and India account for the vast majority of the growth. The plans call for a shift in the generating mix towards coal in six of the countries, and continued strong reliance on coal in China and India. The use of natural gas is expected to increase substantially in a number of the countries. The historic movement away from oil continues, although some countries are maintaining dual-fuel capabilities. Plans call for considerable growth of nuclear power in South Korea and China and modest increases in India and Taiwan. The feasibility of the official plans varies among the countries. Lack of public capital is leading towards greater reliance on private sector participation in power projects in many of the countries. Environmental issues are becoming a more significant constraint than in the past, particularly in the case of large-scale hydropower projects. The financial and environmental constraints are leading to a rising interest in methods of improving the efficiency of electricity supply and end use. The scale of such activities is growing in most of the study countries.

  20. Opportunities for energy conservation in the developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koshel, P.; Allen, E.L.; Cecelski, E.; Dougher, R.; Ring, L.

    1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy problems faced by developing countries are explored and opportunities for saving energy and for using fuels other than petroleum in the modern sector are assessed. Specific resources assessed include oil and gas, coal, hydropower, and traditional fuels. Trends in commercial energy consumption by the developing countries are assessed and the domestic fuel resources of these countries are examined. Patterns of commercial energy use in several LDCs including Sri Lanka, Haiti, India, Kenya, Egypt, the Phillippines, the Republic of Korea, and Brazil are examined. Sri Lanka and Haiti are the subjects for case studies reported in the appendixes. Opportunities for conservation in the modern sector, which include most industrial activities, transportation, and electric power generation as well as some agricultural activities and large residential and commercial buildings, are discussed. The concluding section explores policies which might be initiated by LDC governments to encourage energy conservation. (MCW)

  1. Reliability worth assessment in a developing country - residential survey results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Billinton, R.; Pandey, M.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of a residential customer survey conducted in service areas of the Nepal Integrated Electric Power System (NPS). The objective was to determine the power interruption costs incurred by the residential customers of a developing country, and extend the customer survey approach to reliability worth evaluation in a developing environment. Interruption cost estimates were obtained using in-person interviews with 944 sample customers. The results indicate the implications of service reliability to residential customers of Nepal, and show that reliability worth evaluation in a developing country is both possible and practical.

  2. Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Name Affiliation Country PI Prof. Dr. Gottfried Mann AIP Germany core members (project manager) Dr Sweden Germany ordinary members Frank Breitling Eoin Carley Dr. Harry Enke Dr. Norbert Jakowski Dr Germany Ireland Germany Germany UK Ireland Germany UK Ireland associated memb. Prof. Dr. John Brown Dr

  3. Exports and productivity --Comparable evidence for 14 countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Exports and productivity -- Comparable evidence for 14 countries N° 2007-36 Décembre 2007 The International Study Group on Exports and Productivity Flora BELLONE Université de Nice ­ Sophia Antipolis Liza Lionel NESTA OFCE-DRIC Stefano SCHIAVO OFCE-DRIC hal-00973116,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Exports

  4. Version Dec 12, 2002 SHOULD DEVELOPING COUNTRIES RENOUNCE MINING?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the richer and better off it is. In this view of the world, mining is the key that converts dormant mineral. The prices of primary products may have fallen relative to those for manufactured goods. If true, countries producing and exporting primary goods have over time had to export more and more for a given basket

  5. Roadmap for H2 in the Nordic Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roadmap for H2 in the Nordic Countries Per Dannemand Andersen, Ole Greve, Stefan Krüger Nielsen: Per Dannemand Andersen, Ole Greve, Stefan Krûger Niel- sen Title: Roadmaps for H2 in the Nordic char.): This report reports on a roadmap workshop held in Roskilde in 2004 as a part of the Nordic H2

  6. H2 R&D Activities in the Nordic Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R&D Activities in the Nordic Countries Department: Department of Systems Analysis, Risø National is given on the R&D projects at national, EU and Nordic levels. Risø National Laboratory Information National Research in Hydrogen and Fuel Cells 6 3.1 Danish H2 Energy R&D 6 3.2 Finnish H2 related R&D 7 3

  7. Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Electricity reform in developing and transition countries: A reappraisal J.H. Williams, R. Ghanadan-oriented reforms in their electric power sectors. Despite the widespread adoption of a standard policy model features of non-OECD electricity reform and reappraises reform policies and underlying assumptions

  8. Developing country FDI and development: the case of the Chinese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    's early investment in the Sudan by the Chinese National Oil Corporation (CNPC) and the consequent cascade * This paper examines the development implications of Chinese investment in the Sudan to enable a better understanding of the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) from developing countries. By examining China

  9. Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information on Tribes in the lower 48 states selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  10. Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  11. Advancing Next-Generation Energy in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information on the Alaska Native governments selected to receive assistance from the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  12. Advancing Energy Development in Indian Country (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides information on the Strategic Technical Assistance Response Team (START) Program, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs (DOE-IE) initiative to provide technical expertise to support the development of next-generation energy projects in Indian Country.

  13. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Countries (U.S. dollars per gallon, excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.40 2.30 2.43 2.41 2.41 2.11 2.56 42015 2.26 2.21 2.35 2.32 2.31...

  14. Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaporative system for water and beverage refrigeration in hot countries A Saleh1 and MA Al-Nimr2 1 Abstract: The present study proposes an evaporative refrigerating system used to keep water or other are found to be consistent with the available literature data. Keywords: evaporative refrigeration, heat

  15. Country report Municipal solid waste composition determination supporting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Country report Municipal solid waste composition determination supporting the integrated solid a variation between the municipal solid waste (MSW) composition in the region of Crete (2003­2004) and MSW composition suggested in the National Solid Waste Planning (2000) [National Solid Waste Planning, 2000

  16. Sectoral targets for developing countries: Combining "Common but differentiated responsibilities"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , as also is the impact on the electricity price. Keywords Sectoral approach, sectoral target, developing-type absolute commitments, whilst developing countries adopt an emission trading system limited to electricity are auctioned by the government, which distributes its revenues lump-sum to households. In a second scenario

  17. Energy efficiency from the perspective of developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the markets are fundamental, as illustrated by integrated resource planning and utility demand side management the industrialized countries because the infrastructure-building era is largely over there and the demand for basic for utilities to earn profits on demand side energy effi- ciency investments. There is a need for an integrated

  18. Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

    2010-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOE’s International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a country’s “end-state” that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOE’s AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

  19. Emission reduction strategies for countries in transition and small countries as a basis for internationally harmonized energy policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lueth, O.A.; Jattke, A.; Rentz, O.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from energy-environment models, such as national emission reduction strategies and related costs, not only have an influence on national policy but are also used as a basis for international commitments with the objective of emission limitation. In recent years, there has been a great interest in a growing number of countries, for instance of ex-Yugoslavia or of the former Soviet Union, in models and methodologies that are internationally accepted. But, whereas the general methodologies can be transferred easily, modifications are necessary to take into account the specific situation of countries with economies in transition and small countries in particular. In this paper, improvements of the internationally accepted energy-emission model EFOM-ENV are described that make it possible to consider issues like a limited availability of hard currency and liquid capital as well as the uncertainty about the future economic development. For small countries, a mixed integer approach is pursued which permits to consider: (1) political trends, for instance striving for more independence from energy imports; (2) economical effects like economies of scale; and (3) technical aspects such as the impossibility of decreasing or increasing the capacity of an existing plant by any small quantity.

  20. Energy use and carbon emissions: Non-OECD countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report surveys world energy use and carbon emissions patterns, with particular emphasis on the non-OECD countries. The non OECD is important not only because it currently makes up 84% of world population, but because its energy consumption, carbon emissions, population, and grow domestic product have all been growing faster than OECD`s. This presentation has seven major sections: (1) overview of key trends in non-OECD energy use and carbon emissions since 1970; (2) Comparison and contrasting energy use and carbon emissions for five major non OEDC regions (former Soviet Union and eastern Europe, Pacific Rim including China, Latin America, other Asia; Africa; 3-7) presentation of aggregate and sectoral energy use and carbon emissions data for countries within each of the 5 regions.

  1. Opportunities for renewable energy sources in Central Asia countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Obozov, A.J. [Project KUN (Kyrgyzstan); Loscutoff, W.V. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the state of conventional energy sources and the potential for development of renewable energy sources in the Central Asia countries of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan. The region has a population of about 50 million in an area of more than four million square kilometers. The per capita gross internal product is more than $2,500, although the economy has been declining the past five years. The area has substantial coal, oil, uranium, and natural gas reserves, although they are not distributed equally among the five countries. Energy production is such that the countries do not have to rely heavily on imports. One of the problems in Central Asia is that the energy prices are substantially below the world prices. This is a factor in development of renewable energy sources. The primary renewable energy resources available are wind in Kazakhstan, solar in the entire region, biomass in Kyrgyzstan, and micro-hydropower stations in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. All of these have the potential to provide a significant amount of the required energy for the region. However, all of the countries have an abundance of various renewable energy resources. To effectively use these resources, however, a number of barriers to their development and commercialization must be overcome. These include low prices of conventional energy sources, absence of legislative support, lack of financing for new technologies, and lack of awareness of renewable energy sources by the population. A number of specific actions are proposed to overcome these barriers. These include establishment of a Central Asia coordinating council for renewable energy, development of a regional renewable energy program, and setting up a number of large demonstration projects. 16 figs.

  2. The market for alfalfa seed in the country of Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berentsen, Roberto, Jr

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (NAFTA) between Canada, the United States, and Mexico, has already impacted cattle production in Mexico as producers and investors recognize the countries natural advantages when it comes to producing quality livestock. As the cattle industry grows.... The crops water use is very critical as too much or to little can harm it; so by irrigating it one can control this. Under irrigated conditions higher yields are possible and the grower becomes less dependant on mother nature. Some growers have been able...

  3. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  4. Electric motor systems in developing countries: Opportunities for efficiency improvement

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.; Monahan, P.; Lewis, P.; Greenberg, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Nadel, S. [American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents an overview of the current status and efficiency improvement potential of industrial motor systems in developing countries. Better management of electric motor systems is of particular relevance in developing countries, where improved efficiency can lead to increased productivity and slower growth in electricity demand. Motor systems currently consume some 65--80% of the industrial electricity in developing countries. Drawing on studies from Thailand, India, Brazil, China, Pakistan, and Costa Rica, we describe potential efficiency gains in various parts of the motor system, from the electricity delivery system through the motor to the point where useful work is performed. We report evidence of a significant electricity conservation potential. Most of the efficiency improvement methods we examine are very cost-effective from a societal viewpoint, but are generally not implemented due to various barriers that deter their adoption. Drawing on experiences in North America, we discuss a range of policies to overcome these barriers, including education, training, minimum efficiency standards, motor efficiency testing protocols, technical assistance programs, and financial incentives.

  5. Comprehensive country energy assessments using the MARKAL-MACRO model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reisman, A.W.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of comprehensive country energy assessments were performed in the late 1970s and early 1980s in cooperation with the governments of various countries. The assessments provided a framework for analyzing the impacts of various national strategies for meeting energy requirements. These analyses considered the total energy framework. Economics, energy supply, national resources, energy use, environmental impacts, technologies, energy efficiencies, and sociopolitical impacts were some of the factors addressed. These analyses incorporated the best available data bases and computer models to facilitate the analyses. National policy makers identified the various strategies to examine. The results of the analyses were provided to the national policy makers to support their decision making. Almost 20 years have passed since these assessments were performed. There have been major changes in energy supply and use, technologies, economics, available resources, and environmental concerns. The available tools for performing the assessments have improved drastically. The availability of improved computer modeling, i.e., MARKAL-MACRO, and improved data collection methods and data bases now permit such assessments to be performed in a more sophisticated manner to provide state of the art support to policy makers. The MARKAL-MACRO model was developed by Brookhaven National Laboratory over the last 25 years to support strategic energy planning. It is widely used in the international community for integrating analyses of environmental options, such as reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. It was used to perform the analyses in the least cost energy strategy study for the Energy Policy Act of 1992. Improvements continue to be made to MARKAL-MACRO and its capabilities extended. A methodology to conduct Country Energy Assessments using MARKAL-MACRO is discussed.

  6. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

  7. AVTA: 2011 Chrysler Town and Country Experimental PHEV Testing Results

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries out testing on a wide range of advanced vehicles and technologies on dynamometers, closed test tracks, and on-the-road. These results provide benchmark data that researchers can use to develop technology models and guide future research and development. The following reports describe results of testing done on a Chrysler Town and Country PHEV 2011, an experimental model not currently for sale. The baseline performance testing provides a point of comparison for the other test results. Taken together, these reports give an overall view of how this vehicle functions under extensive testing. This research was conducted by Idaho National Laboratory.

  8. Energy data collection as a necessary activity for developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loebl, A.S.; Cagle, J.D.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines the reasons for energy data collection by developing countries and includes an examination of the special requirements of Costa Rica for energy data collection. A primary reason for national data collection is to support the planning function, and this is particularly significant where energy planning and economic development are concerned. Energy data are necessary to support all phases of planning: short-term; mid-term; and long-range and/or strategic planning. These different planning requirements are discussed. Energy data are also necessary to support national management, as well as the economic-development functions. These latter requirements are also discussed briefly.

  9. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

  10. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America . This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Canada, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in Canada.

  11. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

    2009-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

  12. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

    2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

  13. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

    2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

  14. Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

    2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

  15. Louisiana Natural Gas Exports From All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 1569 0 0 0SalesFrom All Countries

  16. Mississippi Natural Gas Imports Price All Countries (Dollars per Thousand

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million CubicCubic Feet) Price All Countries (Dollars per

  17. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What'sis Taking Over OurThe Iron Spin Transition in2,EHSSCoal ProductionLiquefiedNaturalCountry (Volumes

  18. New Zealand Asia-Pacific energy series country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report on New Zealand is one of a series of country studies intended to provide a continuous, long-term source of energy sector analysis for the Asia-Pacific region. This report addresses significant changes occurring due to the reform, deregulation, and privatization of the economy in general and the energy sector in particular; provides the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation; petroleum and gas issues are highlighted, particularly the implications of foreign trade in oil and gas; provides the latest available statistics and insights to energy policy that are not generally available elsewhere.

  19. Fayette Country, Pennsylvania, Housing Market Analysis | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2: FinalOffers New Training on Energy ManagementAugustin2012) |Energy Fayette Country,

  20. San Diego Country Estates, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:RoscommonSBYSalton Sea Geothermal AreaInformation Country

  1. Program Program Organization Country Region Topic Sector Sector

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformation toPowerPrincetonProgram Organization Country

  2. Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality", 2013,Iowa"Dakota"YearProductionShaleInput Product: TotalCountry: All

  3. Idaho Natural Gas Exports to All Countries (Million Cubic Feet)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYearperHOWYear-MonthExports to All Countries

  4. REDD+ Country Readiness Preparation Proposals | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:b < RAPID‎RBI Solar IncREDD+ Country

  5. Distributed Generation Study/VIP Country Club | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOE FacilityDimondale, Michigan:Emerling Farm <Site DescriptionNewVIP Country

  6. Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremo AGInformationCountry

  7. Vietnam-USAID Country Report | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmwelt ManagementVeraInformationUSAID Country Report Jump

  8. Electricity Sector Reform in Developing Countries: A Survey of Empirical Evidence on Determinants and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Mota, Raffaella L; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reviews the empirical evidence on electricity reform in developing countries. We find that country institutions and sector governance play an important role in success and failure of reform; reforms appear to have increased operating...

  9. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) Jump to: navigation, search Name Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries (SREP) AgencyCompany...

  10. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    6: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports - Dataset Fact 836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of...

  11. Alternative Energy Development in Indian Country: Lighting the Way for the Seventh Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies increasingly show that Indian country may be uniquely positioned to develop alternative energy. Indian country in general constitutes a significant portion of land in the United States. In recognition of the increasing interest...

  12. The impact and potential role of multinational corporations in achieving sustainability in Latin American countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atencio, Charles V. (Charles Victor)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis aims to assess the activities and influence of automotive multinational corporations (MNCs) in developing countries as it relates to the concept of "total sustainability" within three countries: Argentina, ...

  13. Fact #836: September 1, Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    United Arab Emirates. Other Non-OPEC Countries include Brazil, Columbia, Netherlands, Norway, United Kingdom, U.S. Virgin Islands and other non-OPEC countries. Source: U.S. Energy...

  14. Contracting Rail Freight Services for Country Elevators in the Texas Panhandle.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuller, Stephen

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Upgrading Country Elevators to Handle Multicar Grain Shipments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 5 Annual Fixed Costs Associated with Upgrading Country Elevators .............. 7 Grain... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 7 Railroad Rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8 Grain Inspection and Grading Costs at Upgraded Elevators .................... 9 RESULTS...

  15. The contribution of mobile telecommunication technology to sustainable development in selected countries in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Alexander (Alexander En-Tzu)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While most of the world's population resides in countries that are wealthy or developing, the rest reside in low-income and least developed countries (LDCs), left behind and growing more disconnected. At the same time, ...

  16. Energy Demand and Fuel Supply in Developing Countries Brazil, Korea and the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1980. COUNTRY REPORT BRAZIL TRENDS OF ENERGY USE I N BRAZILBRAZIL KOREA PHILIPPINES INTRODUCTION During the 1970s, energyENERGY DEMAND AND FUEL SUPPLY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BRAZIL,

  17. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  18. Singapore's Economic Balancing Act: How a Company's Collapse Challenged the Country's New Corporate Governance Regime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roseme, Sam

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE COUNTRY'S NEW CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REGIME Sam RosemeON SINGAPORE'S CORPORATE GOVERNANCE REGIME . A.CORPORATE GOVERNANCE .. B. CHINA'S

  19. A developing country perspective on implementing sustainable energy programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ul Haq, Z.; James, J.A. [Princeton Economic Research, Inc., Rockville, MD (United States); Kamal, S. [International Consortium for Energy Development, Boston, MA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Bangladesh is a developing country faced with many challenges such as high population growth rate, low literacy levels, and poverty. One of its most difficult tasks is providing the infrastructure necessary to sustain a growing population with a finite resource base. There is a need to develop a long term energy strategy that relies on sustainable resources while reducing environmental harm. Solar energy has the potential to meet these requirements and presents a highly attractive energy source for Bangladesh. Bangladesh is fortunate enough to have a significant amount of solar irradiance. A number of projects have been started in Bangladesh to exploit renewable energy resources. This paper will highlight the current status of these projects. Major interest and activity is directed towards development of photovoltaic and wind resources. The market for renewable technologies is vast in Bangladesh where a significant portion of the population is off-grid and in need of energy. Although this is not an affluent market technology costs have come down sufficiently such that it is becoming accessible to rural populations with credit schemes. While developing sustainable energy is a worthwhile goal and much encouraged by donor agencies, Bangladesh`s perspective on attempting to develop this sector suggests that it is not an easy road to follow, due to numerous internal and external barriers. A discussion of the barriers to the commercialization of renewables will be included in this paper. The objective of this paper is to shed some light on these issues and to stimulate discussions on how to overcome the barriers and encourage the dissemination of renewables in developing countries.

  20. Key statistics related to CO/sub 2/ emissions: Significant contributing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kellogg, M.A.; Edmonds, J.A.; Scott, M.J.; Pomykala, J.S.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This country selection task report describes and applies a methodology for identifying a set of countries responsible for significant present and anticipated future emissions of CO/sub 2/ and other radiatively important gases (RIGs). The identification of countries responsible for CO/sub 2/ and other RIGs emissions will help determine to what extent a select number of countries might be capable of influencing future emissions. Once identified, those countries could potentially exercise cooperative collective control of global emissions and thus mitigate the associated adverse affects of those emissions. The methodology developed consists of two approaches: the resource approach and the emissions approach. While conceptually very different, both approaches yield the same fundamental conclusion. The core of any international initiative to control global emissions must include three key countries: the US, USSR, and the People's Republic of China. It was also determined that broader control can be achieved through the inclusion of sixteen additional countries with significant contributions to worldwide emissions.

  1. Interactions between financial and environmental networks in OECD countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruzzenenti, Franco; Ticci, Elisa; Vozzella, Pietro; Gabbi, Giampaolo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse a multiplex of networks between OECD countries during the decade 2002-2010, which consists of five financial layers, given by foreign direct investment, equity securities, short-term, long-term and total debt securities, and five environmental layers, given by emissions of N O x, P M 10 SO 2, CO 2 equivalent and the water footprint associated with international trade. We present a new measure of cross-layer correlations between flows in different layers based on reciprocity. For the assessment of results, we implement a null model for this measure based on the exponential random graph theory. We find that short-term financial flows are more correlated with environmental flows than long-term investments. Moreover, the correlations between reverse financial and environmental flows (i.e. flows of different layers going in opposite directions) are generally stronger than correlations between synergic flows (flows going in the same direction). This suggests a trade-off between financial and environmenta...

  2. US solar energy policy for less developed countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russett, B.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By many different standards, solar energy is considered to be, at least potentially, a good thing. The assessment of its utility, however, typically is made on technical engineering grounds, or on economic standards of cost-effectiveness, without close attention to political and sociological implications of its use. While remaining sensitive to engineering and economic considerations, this report will concentrate on some political and sociological issues which will have great affect on decisions whether and how to make use of solar energy technology in less developed countries (LDCs). Only with an understanding of these issues - and with answers to some of the questions raised - can there be any serious effort to devise a satisfactory United States government policy for the promotion of solar energy applications abroad. This report, in the form of tentative propositions outlining issues about which further information is required, is based on the results of interviews in the United States, India and the Middle East, and an analysis of various reports by private individuals, national and transnational organizations, and government agencies.

  3. Energy profiles of selected Latin American and Caribbean countries. Report series No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, K.

    1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries in this report include Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela. These ten countries are the most important oil and gas producers in the Latin American and the Caribbean region. In the following sections, the primary energy supply (oil, gas, coal, hydroelectricity, and nuclear power whenever they are applicable), primary energy consumption, downstream oil sector development, gas utilization are discussed for each of the ten countries. The report also presents our latest forecasts of petroleum product consumption in each country toward 2000, which form the basis of the outlook for regional energy production and consumption outlined in Report No 1. Since the bulk of primary energy supply and demand is hydrocarbons for many countries, brief descriptions of the important hydrocarbons policy issues are provided at the end of the each country sections.

  4. Sustainable solutions for solid waste management in Southeast Asian countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uyen Nguyen Ngoc [Institute for Process Engineering (IPE), Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 21a, A8010 Graz (Austria)], E-mail: utemvnn2003@yahoo.com; Schnitzer, Hans [Institute for Process Engineering (IPE), Graz University of Technology, Inffeldgasse 21a, A8010 Graz (Austria)

    2009-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Human activities generate waste and the amounts tend to increase as the demand for quality of life increases. Today's rate in the Southeast Asian Nations (ASEANs) is alarming, posing a challenge to governments regarding environmental pollution in the recent years. The expectation is that eventually waste treatment and waste prevention approaches will develop towards sustainable waste management solutions. This expectation is for instance reflected in the term 'zero emission systems'. The concept of zero emissions can be applied successfully with today's technical possibilities in the agro-based processing industry. First, the state-of-the-art of waste management in Southeast Asian countries will be outlined in this paper, followed by waste generation rates, sources, and composition, as well as future trends of waste. Further on, solutions for solid waste management will be reviewed in the discussions of sustainable waste management. The paper emphasizes the concept of waste prevention through utilization of all wastes as process inputs, leading to the possibility of creating an ecosystem in a loop of materials. Also, a case study, focusing on the citrus processing industry, is displayed to illustrate the application of the aggregated material input-output model in a widespread processing industry in ASEAN. The model can be shown as a closed cluster, which permits an identification of opportunities for reducing environmental impacts at the process level in the food processing industry. Throughout the discussion in this paper, the utilization of renewable energy and economic aspects are considered to adapt to environmental and economic issues and the aim of eco-efficiency. Additionally, the opportunities and constraints of waste management will be discussed.

  5. Simple open economy macro with comprehensive accounting: a two country model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Godley, Wynne; Lavoie, Marc

    -economy models, there is a cr ucial difference: Taylor still assumes endogenously determined interest rates. 4 SFC is the expression coined by Dos Santos (2002). 4 Table 1: Transaction and balance sheet matrices of a simplified economy with capital... by the residents of either country. Since transactions by agents in the $ country are all measured in $ cu rrency, while transactions in the # country are measured in the # currency, all cr oss border transactions must be converted from one currency to the other...

  6. Table 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    "Monthly Foreign Crude Oil Acquisition Report," July 1984 to present. 25. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil, by Selected Country Energy Information Administration ...

  7. Evaluating socio-economic state of a country analyzing airtime credit and mobile phone datasets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gutierrez, Thoralf; Blondel, Vincent D

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Reliable statistical information is important to make political decisions on a sound basis and to help measure the impact of policies. Unfortunately, statistics offices in developing countries have scarce resources and statistical censuses are therefore conducted sporadically. Based on mobile phone communications and history of airtime credit purchases, we estimate the relative income of individuals, the diversity and inequality of income, and an indicator for socioeconomic segregation for fine-grained regions of an African country. Our study shows how to use mobile phone datasets as a starting point to understand the socio-economic state of a country, which can be especially useful in countries with few resources to conduct large surveys.

  8. Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  9. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  10. A Multi-Country Analysis of Lifecycle Emissions From Transportation Fuels and Motor Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed (domestic) Target LDC (domestic) Internationaltarget developed” and “target LDC” categories are used todeveloped countries (“LDC”) for the purpose of estimating

  11. Does Agricultural Liberalization Reduce Rural Welfare in Less Developed Countries? The Case of CAFTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, J. Edward; Yunez Naude, Antonio; Jesurun-Clements, Nancy

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    affect welfare in rural LDC households by depressing worldin high-income countries with LDC tariff reform, from thisinflicts damage on the LDC rural economy. More than two

  12. World commodity prices: the role of external debt and industrial country policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Rose, Marjorie B.; Irwin, Douglas A.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Performance Links Between LDC Debtors and IndustrialMacro and Micro Policies on LDC Debtors: Measuring Commodityfor Less Developed Country (LDC) commodity exporters. In

  13. A MULTI-COUNTRY ANALYSIS OF LIFECYCLE EMISSIONS FROM TRANSPORTATION FUELS AND MOTOR VEHICLES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    developed (domestic) Target LDC (domestic) Internationaltarget developed” and “target LDC” categories are used todeveloped countries (“LDC”) for the purpose of estimating

  14. Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Region(s): Asia, Europe, Australia & North America This report focuses on reviewing performance requirements and indicators established by developed countries worldwide....

  15. E-Print Network 3.0 - adjacent countries species Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: listed over a dozen Pyramica species, and even more of Strumigenys, from Suriname and its adjacent... ) and all other countries that surround it. Recently, this...

  16. 11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries, Fall 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanyal, Bishwapriya

    The planning process in developing countries. Interaction between planners and institutions at both national and local levels. Overview of theories of state, organizational arrangements, implementation mechanisms, and ...

  17. Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    TOOL Name: Fast Out of the Gate: How Developing Asian Countries can Prepare to Access International Green Growth Financing AgencyCompany Organization: USAID ComplexityEase...

  18. Tina Esh and Illith Rosenblum's Touism in Developing Countries- Trick or Treat?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Migot-Adholla, S.E.

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES - TRICK OR TREAT? by Tira Esh and lllith ~senblun,of the report, 'Trick or Treat? ' oould not the.J;efore be

  19. Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The study entitled, “Approaches used for Clearance of Lands from Nuclear Facilities among Several Countries: Evaluation for Regulatory Input,” focuses on the issue of showing compliance with given...

  20. International Experiences and Frameworks to Support Country-Driven Low-Emissions Development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Cochran, J.; Cox, S.

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Countries can use low-emission development strategies (LEDS) to advance sustainable development, promote private-sector growth, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper proposes a framework -- or support infrastructure -- to enable the efficient exchange of LEDS-related knowledge and technical assistance. Under the proposed framework, countries share LEDS-related resources via coordinating forums, 'knowledge platforms,' and networks of experts and investors. The virtual 'knowledge platforms' foster learning by allowing countries to communicate with each other and share technical reports, data, and analysis tools in support of LEDS development. Investing in all elements of the framework in an integrated fashion increases the efficacy of support for country-driven LEDS.

  1. The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative Advantage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    The Impact of Trade on Wage Inequality in Developing Countries: Technology vs. Comparative: Wages, Inequality, Trade, Technology Transfer First draft, 20.09.2014 Summary During the expansion of world trade since the 1980s, measures of inequality have risen not only in developed countries, but also

  2. Frankie Phua Executive Director and Head of Credit & Country Risk Management Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Frankie Phua Executive Director and Head of Credit & Country Risk Management Division UOB Frankie Phua is the Executive Director and the Global Head of the Credit & Country Risk Management Division (PD, LGD and EAD), economic capital modelling, credit portfolio risk management, counterparty credit

  3. Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Wind Energy in Indian Country: Turning to Wind for the Seventh Generation by Andrew D. Mills: ___________________________________________ Jane Stahlhut Date #12;Wind Energy in Indian Country A.D. Mills Abstract - ii - Abstract Utility-scale wind projects are increasingly being developed in rural areas of the United States. In the West

  4. THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galis, Frietson

    THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF LABOUR MARKET POLICIES IN WESTERN AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES OLAF VAN, which is a key element of the flexicurity model. Building on the political economy literature, we test in the political economy literature, but hardly for Eastern European countries, because of a lack of data. We

  5. 2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Wave Energy COUNTRY NOTES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007 Survey of Energy Resources World Energy Council 2007 Wave Energy 550 COUNTRY NOTES The following Country Notes on Wave Energy have been compiled by Tom Thorpe and the Editors. Every effort has been made to be comprehensive by making contact with all known wave energy developers. However

  6. Principles and problems of environmental pollution of groundwater resources with case examples from developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Egboka, B.C.E.; Orajaka, I.P.; Ejiofor, A.O. (Anambra State Univ. of Technology, Awka (Nigeria)); Nwankwor, G.I. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Owerri (Nigeria))

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The principles and problems of environmental pollution and contamination are outlined. Emphasis is given to case examples from developing countries of Africa, Asia, and Latin America with a comparative analysis to developed countries. The problems of pollution/contamination are widespread in developed countries but are gradually spreading from the urban to rural areas in the developing countries. Great efforts in research and control programs to check pollution-loading into the environment have been made in the industrialized countries, but only negligible actions have been taken in developing countries. Pollutants emanate from both point and distributed sources and have adversely affected both surface water and groundwaters. The influences of the geologic and hydrologic cycles that exacerbate the incidences of pollution/contamination have not been well understood by environmental planners and managers. Professionals in the different areas of pollution control projects, particularly in developing countries, lack the integrated multiobjective approaches and techniques in problem solving. Such countries as Nigeria, Kenya, Brazil, and India are now menaced by pollution hazards. Appropriate methods of control are hereby suggested.

  7. National climate change action plans: Interim report for developing and transition countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Benioff, R.; Ness, E.; Hirst, J. [eds.

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Under its Support for National Action Plans (SNAP) initiative, the U.S. Country Studies Program is providing financial and technical assistance to 18 countries for the development of climate change action plans. Although most of the countries have not yet completed their plans, the important lessons learned thus far are valuable and should be shared with other countries and international institutions that have an interest in the process of action plan development. This interim report describes the experience of 11 countries that are the furthest along in their planning activity and who have offered to share their results to date with the larger community of interested nations. These action plans delineate specific mitigation and adaptation measures that the countries will implement and integrate into their ongoing development programs. This report focuses on the measures the countries have selected and the methods they used to prepare their action plans. This executive summary presents key lessons and common themes using a structure similar to that used in the individual country chapters.

  8. Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison Martin Eling und¨AT ULM #12;Efficiency in the international insurance industry: A cross-country comparison Martin Elinga/04/20 _________________________________________________________________________________________ Abstract The purpose of this paper is to provide new empirical evidence on frontier efficiency measurement

  9. Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Sandec #12;Marketing Compost A Guide for Compost Producers in Low and Middle-Income Countries Jonathan Rouse Introduction 7 2 Background 11 2.1 What is marketing? 11 2.2 Why is marketing important for compost producers

  10. With Exhaustible Resources, Can A Developing Country Escape From The Poverty Trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    With Exhaustible Resources, Can A Developing Country Escape From The Poverty Trap? Cuong Le Van is convex-concave, so that the economy may be locked into a poverty trap. We show that the extent to which the country will escape from the poverty trap depends, besides the interactions between its technology and its

  11. African Countries Take Lead On Illegal Logging UN Integrated Regional Information Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    African Countries Take Lead On Illegal Logging UN Integrated Regional Information Networks Email Abidjan Of the 39 countries which recently signed a declaration outlawing illegal logging 31 came from Africa, an indication of how seriously the problem of illegal logging is viewed around the continent

  12. High Country Rose Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Display map Temperature 66.0 C 151.0 F Flow 420 gpm 1,592 Lmin Capacity 8.40x106 Btuhr 2.500 MWt Annual Generation 33.10x109 Btuyr 9.70 GWhyr Delat T 40.00 F Load...

  13. Methodologies used by Warsaw Pact countries (except USSR) in obtaining US technologies. Student report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheeseman, R.J.

    1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Warsaw Pact countries obtain U.S. technologies by legal and illegal means. Methods of collection include espionage, overt collection, acquisition by scientific and educational exchange participants, and illegal trade activities. Examples of methods used by the Warsaw Pact countries (except the USSR) are provided. The US faces barriers to preventing loss of its technologies. Among these are resistance from US business interests, insufficient cooperation between US government agencies and overseas allies, lack of US counterintelligence personnel, and the openess of American society. The study concludes that the Warsaw Pact's countries have narrowed NATO's qualitative lead in weaponry as a result of the Warsaw Pact's acquisition effort.

  14. Building energy calculator : a design tool for energy analysis of residential buildings in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Jonathan Y. (Jonathan York), 1979-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buildings are one of the world's largest consumers of energy, yet measures to reduce energy consumption are often ignored during the building design process. In developing countries, enormous numbers of new residential ...

  15. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

  16. Kevin Wood Landscape: a study in Texas Hill Country landscape design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Secker, William Walker

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Kevin Wood Landscape resides in Austin, Texas as the premier residential landscape design firm. The firm, although small in stature, tackles a variety of projects throughout Austin and the immediate Hill Country. Close inspection within...

  17. Essays in oil, conflict, and the development of resource-rich countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peck, Jennifer Randolph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines three topics in the political economy of global oil markets and the development of resource-rich countries. The first chapter examines the effect of Saudi Arabia's crude pricing policies on the political ...

  18. Tenements : dwellings for the urban poor. Comparative study illustrating 28 cases in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aliman, Isam Mohammad

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tenements are significant systems that provide habitation to the poor in most of the urban areas of the developing countries. Yet, tenements are practically ignored if not prohibited by the public sector and consequently ...

  19. Developing a framework for evaluation of renewable energy in developing countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiarsi, Sepideh

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract In this dissertation, I develop a framework for evaluation of renewable energy projects in developing countries. There is a global common sense that addressing the increasing energy demands of both developed ...

  20. Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    Final Environmental histories of the Visegrad countries: Cold War and the environmental sciences Institute of Contemporary History of the Academy of Sciences to the environmental sciences during the Cold War and, allied to this, establish and further

  1. Getting beyond the lowest common denominator : Developing countries in global environmental negotiations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Najam, Adil

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the collective negotiation behavior of the developing countries of the South in international environmental politics. The so-called 'South'-represented in global negotiations by Group of 77 (G77)-is an ...

  2. Design and prototyping of a retrofittable motorized module for hand powered tricycles for Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Nathan Philip

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current wheelchair designs in developing countries create many difficulties for their users. In Kenya, wheelchair users are often unable to use public transportation, and thus are isolated and usually without work. This ...

  3. Localized design-manufacture for Developing Countries : a methodology for creating culturally sustainable architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peinovich, Ella

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Can improved technology uptake in developing countries promote cultural sustainability and enable the production of endogenous solutions for development? This thesis, which focuses on technology dissemination for the benefit ...

  4. Pending Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Pending Long-Term Applications to Export LNG to Non-FTA Countries - Listed in Order DOE Will Commence Processing Order to Be Processed Company DOEFE Docket No. Date DOE...

  5. Fact #734: July 2, 2012 OPEC Countries Represent Less Than Half...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    produce much of the oil in the global market, the U.S. imports most of its oil from Canada, Mexico and other non-OPEC countries. Petroleum imports from Canada have been...

  6. Urban settlement issues : observations from 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chih-chien, M.S. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations and summaries were made on 181 surveys of urban dwelling environments in developing countries, carried out by members of the Urban Settlement Design Program (U.S.D.P.), at MIT. The focus of this study is in ...

  7. Economic impact of country-of-origin labeling in the U.S. beef industry 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanselka, Daniel David

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Concerns over the total costs assessed to the beef industry from the implementation of mandatory country-of-origin labeling (COOL) regulations warranted an investigation into the estimation and distribution of marketing ...

  8. Modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries : a case study of Sri Lanka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Charles R.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is addressed at modelling energy-economy interactions in small developing countries, those with populations less than 20 million or so and where neither the industrial or energy sectors are dominant. The overall ...

  9. 11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries, Spring 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Jennifer

    Policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. Reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, ...

  10. ICT and the Environment in Developing Countries: A Review of Opportunities and Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and Communication Technology (ICT), The Environment, Climate Change, Mitigation, Adaptation, Developing Countries technologies and applications. This review focuses on the role of ICTs in climate change mitigation, mitigating other environmental pressures and climate change adaptation, providing an overview and pointing

  11. Caught in the Crossfire: Strategies of Multinationals in Host Countries at War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Li

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation examines the strategic choices of multinational enterprises (MNEs) in host countries that become engaged in war. By combining the resource-based view and resource management theory, and drawing additional insights from research...

  12. Incorporating endogenous demand dynamics into long-term capacity expansion power system models for Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Rhonda LeNai

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research develops a novel approach to long-term power system capacity expansion planning for developing countries by incorporating endogenous demand dynamics resulting from social processes of technology adoption. ...

  13. Can leading indicators assess country vulnerability? Evidence from the 200809 global financial crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    , in contrast to the international debt crisis that began in Latin America in 1982 and the East Asia crisis countries were badly impacted by the global financial crisis of 2008­09. The crisis renewed interest

  14. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the growing agricultural subsectors in developing countries is livestock. Livestock and livestock products account for a third of the agricultural gross output. However, the lack of viable livestock market information systems to increase...

  15. Energy conservation policy in developing countries : the case for market solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bates, Robin W.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interest in energy conservation, although to some degree cyclical, has been stimulated during the last twenty years by the rising cost of energy in a wide range of developing and developed countries, especially following ...

  16. Opportunities for renewable energy technologies in water supply in developing country villages

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niewoehner, J.; Larson, R.; Azrag, E.; Hailu, T.; Horner, J.; VanArsdale, P. [Water for People, Denver, CO (United States)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) with information on village water supply programs in developing countries. The information is intended to help NREL develop renewable energy technologies for water supply and treatment that can be implemented, operated, and maintained by villagers. The report is also useful to manufacturers and suppliers in the renewable energy community in that it describes a methodology for introducing technologies to rural villages in developing countries.

  17. Reliability worth assessment in a developing country - commercial and industrial survey results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pandey, M.; Billinton, R.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of an investigation conducted to determine the costs of electric service interruptions in the commercial and industrial sectors of a developing country. The investigation used in-person interviews of 800 businesses and 300 industries in Nepal. The results indicate the customer implications of service reliability, and show that electric service reliability worth can be assessed in a developing country.

  18. Design and testing of a low-cost exoskeletal trans-femoral prosthetic knee device for use in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sartee, Jared Asher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prosthetic devices are designed for amputees in developed countries, made with materials, mechanisms, and research budgets prohibitive to individuals and communities in developing countries. A prosthetic knee for trans-femoral ...

  19. Present and future nuclear power generation as a reflection of individual countries' resources and objectives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Borg, I.Y.

    1987-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The nuclear reactor industry has been in a state of decline for more than a decade in most of the world. The reasons are numerous and often unique to the energy situation of individual countries. Two commonly cited issues influence decisions relating to construction of reactors: costs and the need, or lack thereof, for additional generating capacity. Public concern has ''politicized'' the nuclear industry in many non-communist countries, causing a profound effect on the economics of the option. The nuclear installations and future plans are reviewed on a country-by-country basis for 36 countries in the light of the resources and objectives of each. Because oil and gas for power production throughout the world are being phased out as much as possible, coal-fired generation currently tends to be the chosen alternative to nuclear power production. Exceptions occur in many of the less developed countries that collectively have a very limited operating experience with nuclear reactors. The Chernobyl accident in the USSR alarmed the public; however, national strategies and plans to build reactors have not changed markedly in the interim. Assuming that the next decade of nuclear power generation is uneventful, additional electrical demand would cause the nuclear power industry to experience a rejuvenation in Europe as well as in the US. 80 refs., 3 figs., 22 tabs.

  20. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: Interactive MAP in PDF,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-fTriWildcat 1AMEE JumpAeroWind Inc.Information Afluente Gera o

  1. Documentation of the status of international geothermal power plants and a list by country of selected geothermally active governmental and private sector entities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the printouts from the International Geothermal Power Plant Data Base and the Geothermally Active Entity Data Base. Also included are the explanation of the abbreviations used in the power plant data base, maps of geothermal installations by country, and data base questionnaires and mailing lists.

  2. Management of waste electrical and electronic equipment in two EU countries: A comparison

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torretta, Vincenzo, E-mail: vincenzo.torretta@uninsubria.it [Department of Science and High Technology, Insubria University of Varese, Via G.B. Vico 46, I-21100 Varese (Italy); Ragazzi, Marco [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy); Istrate, Irina Aura [Department of Energy Production and Use, Politehnica University of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest (Romania); Rada, Elena Cristina [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Trento, Via Mesiano 77, I-38123 Trento (Italy)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Review on data regarding WEEE management in Italy and in Romania. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Problems that countries that will enter in the EU will have to solve facing with the WEEE management. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Pilot experiences useful for the awareness campaign of the population. - Abstract: The paper presents some data regarding waste electrical and electronic (WEEE) management in one of the founding countries of the EU, Italy, and in a recent entry into the EU, Romania. The aim of this research was to analyze some problems that countries entering the EU will have to solve with respect to WEEE management. The experiences of Italy and Romania could provide an interesting reference point. The strengths and weaknesses that the two EU countries have encountered can be used in order to give a more rational plan for other countries. In Italy the increase of WEEE collection was achieved in parallel with the increase of the efficiency of selective Municipal Solid Waste collection. In Romania, pilot experiences were useful to increase the awareness of the population. The different interests of the two populations towards recyclable waste led to a different scenario: in Romania all types of WEEE have been collected since its entrance into the EU; in Italy the 'interest' in recycling is typically related to large household appliances, with a secondary role of lighting equipment.

  3. Strategic environmental assessment can help solve environmental impact assessment failures in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alshuwaikhat, Habib M. [Department of City and Regional Planning, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, PO Box 1632, Dhahran 31261 (Saudi Arabia)]. E-mail: habibms@kfupm.edu.sa

    2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The current trend of industrialization and urbanization in developing nations has a huge impact on anthropogenic and natural ecosystems. Pollution sources increase with the expansion of cities and cause contamination of water, air and soil. The absence of urban environmental planning and management strategies has resulted in greater concern for future urban development. This paper advocates the adoption of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) as a means to achieve sustainable development in developing countries. It investigates project-level environmental impact assessment (EIA) and its limitations. The exploration of SEA and its features are addressed. The effective implementation of SEA can create a roadmap for sustainable development. In many developing countries, the lack of transparency and accountability and ineffective public participation in the development of the policy, plan and program (PPP) would be mitigated by the SEA process. Moreover, the proactive and broadly based characteristics of SEA would benefit the institutional development of the PPP process, which is rarely experienced in many developing countries. The paper also explores the prospects for SEA and its guiding principles in developing countries. Finally, the paper calls for a coordinated effort between all government, nongovernment and international organizations involved with PPPs to enable developing countries to pursue a path of sustainable development through the development and application of strategic environmental assessment.

  4. Market definition study of photovoltaic power for remote villages in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ragsdale, C.; Quashie, P.

    1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this market definition study is to assess the market potential for the use of photovoltaic power systems for remote villages in developing countries. The approach used was to conduct an in-depth literature search followed by in-country surveys of selected developing countries in Africa, the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and Latin America. The purpose of these surveys was to determine the current energy situation in these countries, the level of rural electrification activity, their knowledge and interest in solar and specifically photovoltaics, their financial resource capability, and the probability of development of a market for photovoltaics based on these and other factors. Findings are presented. The conclusion reached by the survey is that there is a significant market potential for photovoltaics in village power applications in developing countries. Extrapolation of the number of unelectrified villages results in an estimated potential of as much as 20,000 MWp, a potential similar in magnitude to previous UN and World Bank estimates. Recommendations for market stimulation are presented. (WHK)

  5. Energy and growth, a comparison of 13 industrial and developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Leach, G.; Jarass, L.; Obermair, G.M.; Hoffmann, L.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The traditional approach to national energy issues and planning has been strongly supply oriented-planning has focused on aggregate quantities like fuel production, imports and exports, and how to meet growing demand by adding to supplies. The most serious flaw in this approach is that it dehumanizes energy planning by ignoring the major determinants and opportunities for change which lie at the level of individual people and their needs. This book demonstrates that sound energy planning must be rooted in a detailed understanding of energy demand and the social and economic activities which not only consume energy but also make up the pattern of life in a country. Its approach combines analysis of energy use with coverage of a wide sample of countries. The countries studied are UK, France, West Germany, USA, Japan, Philippines, Brazil, Portugal, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Kenya.

  6. Paintball Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Korea Libya Niger Peru Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Spain Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine UAE United

  7. Emerging trends in informal sector recycling in developing and transition countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ezeah, Chukwunonye, E-mail: C.Ezeah2@wlv.ac.uk; Fazakerley, Jak A.; Roberts, Clive L.

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Reviewed emerging trends in Informal Sector Recycling (ISR) in developing countries. • In some countries we found that ISR is the key factor in the recycling of waste materials. • Overall impact of ISR upon the urban economy and environment is positive. • In some instances ISR subsidises large areas of the formal sector. • Ignoring the informal sector could result in unsustainable interventions. - Abstract: Optimistic estimates suggest that only 30–70% of waste generated in cities of developing countries is collected for disposal. As a result, uncollected waste is often disposed of into open dumps, along the streets or into water bodies. Quite often, this practice induces environmental degradation and public health risks. Notwithstanding, such practices also make waste materials readily available for itinerant waste pickers. These ‘scavengers’ as they are called, therefore perceive waste as a resource, for income generation. Literature suggests that Informal Sector Recycling (ISR) activity can bring other benefits such as, economic growth, litter control and resources conservation. This paper critically reviews trends in ISR activities in selected developing and transition countries. ISR often survives in very hostile social and physical environments largely because of negative Government and public attitude. Rather than being stigmatised, the sector should be recognised as an important element for achievement of sustainable waste management in developing countries. One solution to this problem could be the integration of ISR into the formal waste management system. To achieve ISR integration, this paper highlights six crucial aspects from literature: social acceptance, political will, mobilisation of cooperatives, partnerships with private enterprises, management and technical skills, as well as legal protection measures. It is important to note that not every country will have the wherewithal to achieve social inclusion and so the level of integration must be ‘flexible’. In addition, the structure of the ISR should not be based on a ‘universal’ model but should instead take into account local contexts and conditions.

  8. DSM Electricity Savings Potential in the Buildings Sector in APP Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNeil, MIchael; Letschert, Virginie; Shen, Bo; Sathaye, Jayant; de la Ru du Can, Stephane

    2011-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The global economy has grown rapidly over the past decade with a commensurate growth in the demand for electricity services that has increased a country's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions. Increasing need of reliable and affordable electricity supply is a challenge which is before every Asia Pacific Partnership (APP) country. Collaboration between APP members has been extremely fruitful in identifying potential efficiency upgrades and implementing clean technology in the supply side of the power sector as well established the beginnings of collaboration. However, significantly more effort needs to be focused on demand side potential in each country. Demand side management or DSM in this case is a policy measure that promotes energy efficiency as an alternative to increasing electricity supply. It uses financial or other incentives to slow demand growth on condition that the incremental cost needed is less than the cost of increasing supply. Such DSM measures provide an alternative to building power supply capacity The type of financial incentives comprise of rebates (subsidies), tax exemptions, reduced interest loans, etc. Other approaches include the utilization of a cap and trade scheme to foster energy efficiency projects by creating a market where savings are valued. Under this scheme, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the production of electricity are capped and electricity retailers are required to meet the target partially or entirely through energy efficiency activities. Implementation of DSM projects is very much in the early stages in several of the APP countries or localized to a regional part of the country. The purpose of this project is to review the different types of DSM programs experienced by APP countries and to estimate the overall future potential for cost-effective demand-side efficiency improvements in buildings sectors in the 7 APP countries through the year 2030. Overall, the savings potential is estimated to be 1.7 thousand TWh or 21percent of the 2030 projected base case electricity demand. Electricity savings potential ranges from a high of 38percent in India to a low of 9percent in Korea for the two sectors. Lighting, fans, and TV sets and lighting and refrigeration are the largest contributors to residential and commercial electricity savings respectively. This work presents a first estimates of the savings potential of DSM programs in APP countries. While the resulting estimates are based on detailed end-use data, it is worth keeping in mind that more work is needed to overcome limitation in data at this time of the project.

  9. Country Profile -Germany What are my chances of getting a job?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    1 Country Profile - Germany Job market What are my chances of getting a job? New graduates from the UK rarely secure work at a professional level in Germany, except teaching English as a foreign. How to improve your chances: you are more likely to secure graduate-level work in Germany if you first

  10. MIGRATORY POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HOW TO BRING BEST PEOPLE BACK?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 MIGRATORY POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: HOW TO BRING BEST PEOPLE BACK? Damien Besancenot1 of the game, the more bad workers migrate, the higher the incentive for good workers to come back. Policy, many policymakers are upset about the "brain-drain" phenomenon, where skilled workers are attracted

  11. Comparison of low-level waste disposal programs of DOE and selected international countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meagher, B.G. [Lockheed Idaho Technologies Co., Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Cole, L.T. [Cole and Associates (United States)

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to examine and compare the approaches and practices of selected countries for disposal of low-level radioactive waste (LLW) with those of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The report addresses the programs for disposing of wastes into engineered LLW disposal facilities and is not intended to address in-situ options and practices associated with environmental restoration activities or the management of mill tailings and mixed LLW. The countries chosen for comparison are France, Sweden, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The countries were selected as typical examples of the LLW programs which have evolved under differing technical constraints, regulatory requirements, and political/social systems. France was the first country to demonstrate use of engineered structure-type disposal facilities. The UK has been actively disposing of LLW since 1959. Sweden has been disposing of LLW since 1983 in an intermediate-depth disposal facility rather than a near-surface disposal facility. To date, Canada has been storing its LLW but will soon begin operation of Canada`s first demonstration LLW disposal facility.

  12. Time-varying Predictability in Crude Oil Markets: The Case of GCC Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    a nonlinear model to investigate the relationship between oil-price shock and economic growth in Japan the dynamic behavior of crude-oil prices for the period 1997-2008. Using data from four countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, we find evidence of short-term pre- dictability in oil-price changes over time, except

  13. Country Profile -Spain What are my chances of getting a job?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    1 Country Profile - Spain Job market What are my chances of getting a job? Finding graduate work in Spain is currently very difficult as unemployment is extremely high. In March 2012 the BBC reported that Spain has the highest unemployment rate in the European Union (EU), with almost one in four people

  14. Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing the Role of Energy in Development and Climate Policies in Large Developing Countries Amit conceptual issues related to the role of energy in development and its potential synergies and tradeoffs with climate change. The relationship between economic development and energy over time is discussed

  15. Business Model Innovation for Sanitation and Water Services in Low-income Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    Business Model Innovation for Sanitation and Water Services in Low-income Countries PEAK Advanced- trepreneurs as well as private firms agree that the business model determines whether scaling up of water and sanitation services is successful or not. Business models can unlock the value potential of water

  16. The Caledonide Orogen in the Nordic countries is exposed in Norway, western Sweden, westernmost Fin-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    The Caledonide Orogen in the Nordic countries is exposed in Norway, western Sweden, westernmost Fin-age basement. In northernmost Norway, the NE-trending Caledonian thrust front trun- cates the NW and north- eastern Greenland; it continues northwards from northern Norway, across the Barents Shelf

  17. Emergence and evolution of learning gaps across countries: Linked panel evidence from Ethiopia, India, Peru and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandyopadhyay, Antar

    Emergence and evolution of learning gaps across countries: Linked panel evidence from Ethiopia unique child-level panel data from Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam with identical tests administered, prior to school enrolment, with children in Vietnam at the upper end, children in Ethiopia at the lower

  18. UNICEF Canada UNICEF Report Card 11: Child Well-Being in Rich Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolowski, Marla

    UNICEF Canada UNICEF Report Card 11: Child Well-Being in Rich Countries KEY POINTS Canadian children are not doing as well as they could be. When factoring in the size of Canada's economy UNICEF ten years ago. Particularly concerning is that Canada's ranking drops 7 places when children's views

  19. Self Organising Wireless Sensor Networks as a Land Management Tool in Developing Countries: A Preliminary Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Self Organising Wireless Sensor Networks as a Land Management Tool in Developing Countries wireless sensor networks do to help? This overview discusses the environmental and technological challenges management. Self organising wireless sensor networks, if implemented adequately, have the potential to target

  20. Colombia is considered among the countries with the highest levels of amphibian species richness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    Colombia is considered among the countries with the highest levels of amphibian species richness Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(3): 1633-1636. Copyright: © José F, Colombia José F. González-Maya1 , Mauricio González2 , Diego Zárrate-Charry3 , Fidela Charry4 , Amancay A

  1. Urban solid waste in southern countries: from a blurred object to common pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Urban solid waste in southern countries: from a blurred object to common pool resources Jérémie long that the question of the municipal solid waste management in developing cities has had elephants' have followed. Comprehending the solid waste handling in the South implies reconsidering

  2. The Impact of the Mobile Web in Developing Countries Betty Purwandari

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Southampton, University of

    , the methodology is needed by various mobile Web stakeholders to enable the advancement of mobile Web technology1 The Impact of the Mobile Web in Developing Countries Betty Purwandari School of Electronics of Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK +44 2380 592388 dder@ecs.soton.ac.uk ABSTRACT Mobile phone penetration

  3. The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The application of a hybrid energy-economy model to a key developing country ­ China JianJun Tu, a hybrid (bottom-up/top-down) energy- economy model, to test how different policy packages could, Vancouver, V5A 1S6, Canada E-mail (Jaccard): Jaccard@sfu.ca Energy security, local air pollution and GHG

  4. Country Review of Energy-Efficiency Financial Incentives in the Residential Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du; Shah, Nihar; Phadke, Amol

    2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A large variety of energy-efficiency policy measures exist. Some are mandatory, some are informative, and some use financial incentives to promote diffusion of efficient equipment. From country to country, financial incentives vary considerably in scope and form, the type of framework used to implement them, and the actors that administer them. They range from rebate programs administered by utilities under an Energy-Efficiency Resource Standards (EERS) regulatory framework (California, USA) to the distribution of Eco-points rewarding customers for buying highly efficient appliances (Japan). All have the primary objective of transforming the current market to accelerate the diffusion of efficient technologies by addressing up-front cost barriers faced by consumers; in most instances, efficient technologies require a greater initial investment than conventional technologies. In this paper, we review the different market transformation measures involving the use of financial incentives in the countries belonging to the Major Economies Forum. We characterize the main types of measures, discuss their mechanisms, and provide information on program impacts to the extent that ex-ante or ex-post evaluations have been conducted. Finally, we identify best practices in financial incentive programs and opportunities for coordination between Major Economies Forum countries as envisioned under the Super Efficient Appliance Deployment (SEAD) initiative.

  5. International workshop: Planning for climate change through integrated coastal management. Volume 2: Country and regional reports

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This workshop included reports from the following countries: Argentina; Bulgaria; Egypt; Estonia; Fiji; Indonesia; Mozambique; Nigeria; Oman; The Philippines; Senegal; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Thailand; and Tuvalu; Regional reports were included on the following: Small Island Developing States of the Pacific; South Pacific Regional Environment Program; and Sea Level Rise Impacts on Central America.

  6. About the State of Michigan With almost 10 million residents, Michigan is the country's eighth most

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    About the State of Michigan With almost 10 million residents, Michigan is the country's eighth most sales hit Michigan hard in the early 2000s, but the state has mounted an impressive comeback, overcoming double-digit unemployment and creating more than 200,000 private sector jobs. Situation As Michigan

  7. Diffusion-driven extreme lithium isotopic fractionation in country rocks of the Tin Mountain pegmatite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mcdonough, William F.

    Diffusion-driven extreme lithium isotopic fractionation in country rocks of the Tin Mountain rocks (amphibolites and schists) of the Tin Mountain pegmatite show systematic changes with distance; fluid infiltration; Tin Mountain pegmatite 1. Introduction Lithium is a fluid-mobile, moderately

  8. GIS solutions for ecosystem management in developing countries: A case study of Sao Tome and Principe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, L.; Barrasso, T. [Booz, Allen & Hamilton Inc., McLean, VA (United States); Pinto da Costa, H. [ECO Sao Tome e Principe (Sao Tome and Principe)

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to promote awareness of the application of the Geographic information system (GIS) technology to the management of ecosystems in developing countries. The adoptation of systematic environmental research and management techniques by national and local conservation programs helps ensure the sustainability of important biological resources.

  9. Energy Policy 36 (2008) 15381544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy Policy 36 (2008) 1538­1544 Promoting biofuels: Implications for developing countries Jo¨ rg 2008 Abstract Interest in biofuels is growing worldwide as concerns about the security of energy supply, however, production costs of biofuels are typically much higher than those of fossil fuels. As a result

  10. Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Modeling the Logistics Performance in Developing Countries: An exploratory study of Moroccan to raise their levels of logistics performance. This article is a research progress; it presents, Technological Practices, Supply Chain performance, Morocco. 1. INTRODUCTION: Logistic in Morocco is still

  11. Fuel-related accidents occur across the country at the rate of more than one per

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Fuel-related accidents occur across the country at the rate of more than one per week. Fuel exhaustion, fuel starvation, or the failure to switch tanks at the correct time caused 120 accidents in 2002, these and other problems can be avoided with proper fueling procedures. RESPONSIBILITY STARTS WITH THE AIRPORT

  12. Ecosystems of MongoliaEcosystems of Mongolia The vast area of the country contains a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Ecosystems of MongoliaEcosystems of Mongolia The vast area of the country contains a great array Desert steppe Desert ecosystems MainMain ecosystems of Mongolia High mountain ecosystemsHigh mountain ecosystems High mountain occupies 4.48% of the total territory of Mongolia. Mountain forest ecosystems

  13. Employee Acknowledgment of Risks in Traveling to Countries on the State Department's Travel Warning List

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Employee Acknowledgment of Risks in Traveling to Countries on the State Department's Travel Warning List I acknowledge that I have read the U.S. State Department Travel Warning regarding travel warnings and I accept responsibility for keeping myself informed of such changes. I acknowledge that travel

  14. Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis in countries with high tuberculosis burdens: individual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ted

    Diabetes mellitus and tuberculosis in countries with high tuberculosis burdens: individual risks of type 2 diabetes as an individual-level risk factor for tuberculosis (TB), though evi- dence from the poor, in whom diabetes may be less common. We assessed the relationship between individual-level risk

  15. THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 THE NEXUS BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN OECD COUNTRIES: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS Sahar Shafiei, Ruhul A. Salim and Helen Cabalu School of Economics & Finance, Curtin Business the impacts of renewable and non-renewable energy consumption on economic activities to find out whether

  16. Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries Bradford Millsa * and Joachim Schleicha,b,c a Virginia Polytechnic Institute of measures of household energy use behavior are estimated using a unique dataset of approximately 5

  17. Intervention in Countries with Unsustainable Energy Policies: Is it Ever Justifiable?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores whether it is ever justifiable for the international community to forcibly intervene in countries that have unsustainable energy policies. The literature on obligations to future generations suggests, philosophically, that intervention might be justified under certain circumstances. Additionally, the world community has intervened in the affairs of other countries for humanitarian reasons, such as in Kosovo, Somalia, and Haiti. However, intervention to deal with serious energy problems is a qualitatively different and more difficult problem. A simple risk analysis framework is used to organize the discussion about possible conditions for justifiable intervention. If the probability of deaths resulting from unsustainable energy policies is very large, if the energy problem can be attributed to a relatively small number of countries, and if the risk of intervention is acceptable (i.e., the number of deaths due to intervention is relatively small), then intervention may be justifiable. Without further analysis and successful solution of several vexing theoretical questions, it cannot be stated whether unsustainable energy policies being pursued by countries at the beginning of the 21st century meet the criteria for forcible intervention by the international community.

  18. Characterizing demand for domestic versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ, Carole ROPARS COLLET Working Paper SMART ­ LERECO N°10: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Cathie LAROCHE DUPRAZ Agrocampus Ouest, UMR1302 SMART, F-35000 Rennes versus imported chicken in developing countries: the case of Haiti and Cameroon Abstract Since

  19. Isenberg and Potvin 1 Financing REDD in Developing Countries: A Supply and Demand Analysis.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potvin, Catherine

    an active participant in several regional negotiations in Latin2 America.3 4 Introduction5 Land use change constituent of15 total global CO2 emissions. In Latin America, for example, tropical deforestation is the16 at the centre of negotiations on a renewed international2 climate regime. Developing countries made it clear

  20. Safety of nuclear power reactors in the former Eastern European countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chakraborty, S. [Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen (Switzerland)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article discusses the safety of nuclear power plants in the former Eastern European countries (including the former Soviet Union). The current international design fabrication, construction, operation, safely, regulatory standards and practices, and ways to resolve plant problems are addressed in light of experience with the Western nuclear power development programs. 9 refs., 4 figs.

  1. PKI Implementation Issues: A Comparative Study of Pakistan with some Asian Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malik, Nasir Mahmood; Khalid, Samina; Malik, Faisal Munir

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper includes Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), its need and requirements and introduction of some renowned PKI products. However, the major thrust of this work is that how PKI can enhance security of various systems. The paper is intended to serve as a guide on how to adequately prepare for some of the challenges that may be encountered especially in developing countries like Pakistan. The detail of PKI implementation issues is also included in the paper along with future challenges regarding implementation of PKI. Furthermore, paper includes technical issues hindering the implementation of PKI through comparison of PKI issues in Pakistan and some of Asian countries mainly Taiwan, Japan and Singapore. The paper also highlights the PKI issues and learnt lessons regarding PKI implementation and can act as a comprehensive guide for successful future PKI deployments.

  2. Improving energy efficiency: Strategies for supporting sustained market evolution in developing and transitioning countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyers, S.

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a framework for considering market-oriented strategies for improving energy efficiency that recognize the conditions of developing and transitioning countries, and the need to strengthen the effectiveness of market forces in delivering greater energy efficiency. It discusses policies that build markets in general, such as economic and energy pricing reforms that encourage competition and increase incentives for market actors to improve the efficiency of their energy use, and measures that reduce the barriers to energy efficiency in specific markets such that improvement evolves in a dynamic, lasting manner. The report emphasizes how different policies and measures support one another and can create a synergy in which the whole is greater than the sum of the parts. In addressing this topic, it draws on the experience with market transformation energy efficiency programs in the US and other industrialized countries.

  3. Application of smokeless briquettes in developing countries: the cases of Haiti and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sabadell, A.; Shelton, R.B.; Stevenson, G.G.; Willson, T.G.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Traditional energy sources are a significant fraction of energy demand in developing countries. These sources have become increasingly scarce because of clearing of land for agriculture, charcoal production, and excessive timber harvesting. One option for mitigating one aspect of this multidimensional problem is the use of smokeless coal briquettes. Resource and market conditions are excellent in some developing countries for the substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood (which includes firewood and charcoal). US Agency for International Development (USAID) has developed a five-step procedure for determining the potential substitution of smokeless briquettes for fuelwood: resource evaluation, market assessment, technological assessment, government policy and institutional assessment (including environmental and health assessments), and business and market assessment. Through recent assessment activities in Haiti, we have gained knowledge and understanding of the market mechanisms for fuelwood substitution which we intend to apply in Pakistan. 10 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  4. The Challenge of Limiting Greenhouse Gas Emissions Through Activities implemented Jointly in Developing Countries: A Brazilian Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    La Rovere, E.L.

    1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper addresses, from the Brazilian perspective, the main problems with Joint Implementation/Activities Implemented Jointly (JI/AIJ) between industrialized (Annex I) and developing (non-Annex I) countries, as defined by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Four possible GHG emissions abatement measures are presented for Brazil: forest protection, reforestation projects for carbon sequestration or charcoal manufacturing, use of ethanol produced from sugar cane as a car fuel, and electrical energy conservation through an increase in end-use efficiencies. These four case studies form the basis of a discussion regarding the validity of developing countries' concerns about JI/AIJ. Recommendations are offered for overcoming the present shortcomings of JI/AIJ in developing countries. The primary conclusion is that Annex I countries' funding of JI/AIJ projects in developing countries in return for GHG emissions credits is not the best means to implement the UNFCCC. However, JI/AIJ projects can be a productive means of preventing global climate change if combined with other measures, including GHG emissions reduction targets for all countries involved in JI/AIJ projects and limits on the percentage of industrialized countries' emissions reductions that can be met through projects in developing countries.

  5. Abstract-Most fast developing countries have set targets to achieve a developed status in the near future.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    is comparing developed countries with those of Latin America or Africa. The two latter do not yet satisfy the case of Chile. Index Terms--energy policy, low carbon economy, renewable energy, electricity regulation to increase the use of renewable energies to 20% of total production by 2020. Most fast developing countries

  6. The Determinants of Internal Migration in a Developing Country: Quantitative Evidence for Indonesia, 1930-200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Lottum, J; Marks, D

    1   The determinants of internal migration in a developing country: quantitative evidence for Indonesia, 1930-2000 J. van Lottuma* and D. Marksb a Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, Geography Department... : Internal Migration; Indonesia; Gravity Model; Policy; Development JEL codes: J61; J68; N15; O15 Abstract This study specifies and estimates a gravity model for inter-provincial migration in Indonesia. Using panel data for Indonesia’s 26 provinces...

  7. A Clean Energy Standard: Good for Consumers, Good for the Country

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Earlier this week, the Congressional Budget Office issued a new report that highlights the important role a clean energy standard could have in creating the clean energy jobs of the future at minimal cost to consumers.? ?The report evaluates several proposed clean and renewable energy standards, running them through a variety of models to determine the impact they could have on electricity prices in five regions of the country.

  8. Core Indicators for Determinants and Performance of Electricity Sector in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj; Newbery, David; Pollitt, Michael G.

    2004-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    .g. IADB, 2001; Joskow, 1998; Newbery, 2002): i. Corporatisation of state-owned utilities; ii. Enactment of an electricity reform law; iii. Regulatory reform, including adoption of incentive regulation for the natural monopoly network activities; iv... to the components of our reform model are the key reform steps implemented (Table II), resource mix and endowments indicators (Table I), and country-level indicators (Table VII). iv. Incentive regulation and privatization improve cost and technical efficiency...

  9. Fuel cycle centers revisited: Consolidation of fuel cycle activities in a few countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kratzer, M.B. [Kratzer (Myron B.), Annapolis, MD (United States)

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite varied expressions, the general impression remains that the international fuel cycle center concept, whatever its merits, is visionary. It also is quite possibly unattainable in light of strong national pressures toward independence and self-sufficiency in all things nuclear. Is the fuel cycle center an idea that has come and gone? Is it an idea whose time has not yet come? Or is it, as this paper suggests, an idea that has already arrived on the scene, attracting little attention or even acknowledgement of its presence? The difficult in answering this questions arises, in part, from the fact that despite its long and obvious appeal, there has been very little systematic analysis of the concept itself. Such obvious questions as how many and where fuel cycle centers should be located; what characteristics should the hot country or countries possess; and what are the institutional forms or features that endow the concept with enhanced proliferation protection have rarely been seriously and systematically addressed. The title of this paper focuses on limiting the geographic spread of fuel cycle facilities, and some may suggest that doing so does not necessarily call for any type of international or multinational arrangements applicable to those that exist. It is a premise of this paper, however, that a restriction on the number of countries possessing sensitive fuel cycle facilities necessarily involves some degree of multinationalization. This is not only because in every instance a nonproliferation pledge and international or multinational safeguards, or both, will be applied to the facility, but also because a restriction on the number of countries possessing these facilities implies that those in existence will serve a multinational market. This feature in itself is an important form of international auspices. Thus, the two concepts--limitation and multinationalization--if not necessarily one and the same, are at least de facto corollaries.

  10. Economic applicability of atomic energy as a source of power in underdeveloped countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed, Sheik Basheer

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Return on Investment 55 12. Cost of Power, Comparing:Juclear and Oil Plants, at Bodega Bay. . 59 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Figure Page 1, Relationship Between Per Capita Energy Consumption and Per Capita Income of Underdeveloped Countries for the Year... of atomic power would be where areas lack convent, ional energy resources but have highly developed power systems based on imports of foreign fuel. The installation of nuclear plants would considerably save the outlay of foreign exchange for the import...

  11. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Other Countries (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpectedOther Countries (MMcf)"

  12. Report to Congress: Expressions of interest in commercial clean coal technology projects in foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report was prepared in response to the guidance provided by the Congress in the course of the Fiscal Year 1995 appropriations process for the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). As described in detail below, DOE was directed to make the international dissemination of Clean Coal Technologies (CCTs) an integral part of its policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in developing countries. Congress directed DOE to solicit ``Statements of Interest`` in commercial projects employing CCTs in countries projected to have significant growth in greenhouse gas emissions. Additionally, DOE was asked to submit to the Congress a report that analyzes the information contained in the Statements of Interest, and that identifies the extent to which various types of Federal incentives would accelerate the commercial availability of these technologies in an international context. In response to DOE`s solicitation of 18 November 1994, 77 Statements of Interest were received from 33 companies, as well as five additional materials. The contents of these submittals, including the requested Federal incentives, the CCTs proposed, the possible host countries, and the environmental aspects of the Statements of Interest, are described and analyzed in the chapters that follow.

  13. Projected refined product balances in key Latin American countries: A preliminary examination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the years, the East-West Center (EWC) has developed considerable expertise in refinery modeling, especially in the area of forecasting product balances for countries, given planned capacity changes, changes in product demand, changes in crude slates, and changes in product specifications. This expertise has been applied on an ongoing basis to the major refiners in the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific region, along with the US West Coast as region in its own right. Refinery modeling in these three areas has been ongoing for nearly 15 years at the Center, and the tools and information sources are now well developed. To date, the EWC has not applied these tools to Latin America. Although research on Latin America has been an ongoing area of concern at the Center in recent years, the information gathered to date is still not of the level of detail nor quality available for other areas. The modeling efforts undertaken in this report are of a ``baseline`` nature, designed to outline the major issues, attempt a first cut at emerging product balances, and, above all, to elicit commentary from those directly involved in the oil industry in the key countries modeled. Our experience in other regions has shown that it takes a few years dialogue with refiners and government planner in individual countries to develop a reliable database, as well as the insights into operational constraints and practices that make accurate modeling possible. This report is no more than a first step down the road.

  14. The triumph of pragmatism: Nigeria's role in the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimah, A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Formed in 1960, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) became a key participant in the international oil industry after the so-called oil shock in the early 1970s. OPEC's power in world trade increased tremendously during the 1970s and, as oil prices skyrocketed, literature on OPEC proliferated. Although OPEC's demise has often been predicted since its creation; it has, however, endured. Thus study examines OPEC from distinct vantage points: those of regime theory, oligopoly models, and cartel theory. The aim is to gain insight into the activities of the organization as a whole and in terms of the behavior of one of its members, the Government of Nigeria. The objective is to ascertain which of these theories, or aspects of the theories, best describes OPEC's activities and Nigeria's actions as a member. The review of OPEC and Nigeria's role in its demonstrates that OPEC is difficult to classify. It is more than anything, a fluid coalition of Third World countries seeking to improve their national economies by ensuring better prices for crude oil, their chief export product; and helping other Third World countries focus global awareness on the chronic political and economic inequities in the international system. Therefore, OPEC and Nigeria's role is best explained by coalition theory.

  15. Survey of waste package designs for disposal of high-level waste/spent fuel in selected foreign countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schneider, K.J.; Lakey, L.T.; Silviera, D.J.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the results of a survey of the waste package strategies for seven western countries with active nuclear power programs that are pursuing disposal of spent nuclear fuel or high-level wastes in deep geologic rock formations. Information, current as of January 1989, is given on the leading waste package concepts for Belgium, Canada, France, Federal Republic of Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. All but two of the countries surveyed (France and the UK) have developed design concepts for their repositories, but none of the countries has developed its final waste repository or package concept. Waste package concepts are under study in all the countries surveyed, except the UK. Most of the countries have not yet developed a reference concept and are considering several concepts. Most of the information presented in this report is for the current reference or leading concepts. All canisters for the wastes are cylindrical, and are made of metal (stainless steel, mild steel, titanium, or copper). The canister concepts have relatively thin walls, except those for spent fuel in Sweden and Germany. Diagrams are presented for the reference or leading concepts for canisters for the countries surveyed. The expected lifetimes of the conceptual canisters in their respective disposal environment are typically 500 to 1,000 years, with Sweden's copper canister expected to last as long as one million years. Overpack containers that would contain the canisters are being considered in some of the countries. All of the countries surveyed, except one (Germany) are currently planning to utilize a buffer material (typically bentonite) surrounding the disposal package in the repository. Most of the countries surveyed plan to limit the maximum temperature in the buffer material to about 100{degree}C. 52 refs., 9 figs.

  16. A cost-benefit analysis of rural-urban migration decisions in less developed countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aste-Salazar, Juan Gerardo

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A COST-Bier'vlT ANAL&&! q O, ' RUR&M -URBAN M1 G -'-', ". ' !ON DECISIONS IN LESS DEUDLOl'ED COUNTRIES A. Thesis By JUAN GERARDO ASTL'-SALAZAR Submitted to the Graduate College of Tezas A&N University in partial fulfillment of the requirement...] suggests a method to obtain information on rural-urban dr:ift which xcay b. . used in government planning. TJ;ia thcois follows the format of Tha Azericen J:conom'~o B 0, '& . '. s;. '. migration has been examined by economists in the past, g and it has...

  17. Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Keating, Shannon

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . Diversity within Unity How do Muslim countries treat importation of goods that Islamic Law (Shar?¯’a) consid- ers .Haram (forbidden), namely, alcoholic beverages and pork products? Why do they do VOL. 47, NO. 3 \\\\jciprod01\\productn\\I\\INL\\47-3\\INL302.txt... and preserve lucrative tax revenues on beer sales. This logic does not apply to the Kingdom. From a strict Islamic perspective, with re- spect to alcohol, pork, and pork products, this resolution is not satisfying. A tariff, even one set at a very high rate...

  18. Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobs inUnitWorldCountries

  19. Feasibility of Wholesale Electricity Competition in a Developing Country: Insights from Simulating a Market in Maharashtra State, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phadke, Amol

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relatively large with an installed capacity of about 110,000For example, MH has an installed capacity of about 15,000 MW20% of the total installed capacity in the country. The

  20. Industrialization under the WTO : the impact of asymmetric free trade agreements on middle-technology developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiCaprio, Alisa

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation addresses the issue of industrialization in the WTO regime, focusing on the role of asymmetric free trade agreements. It proposes a framework where free trade agreements offer payoffs that countries have ...

  1. A Two-Dimensional Approach to Evaluate the Scientific Production of Countries (Case Study: The Basic Sciences)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nejati, Ammar; 10.1007/s11192-009-0103-1

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The quantity and quality of scientific output of the topmost 50 countries in the four basic sciences (agricultural and biological sciences, chemistry, mathematics, and physics and astronomy) are studied in the period of the recent 12 years (1996-2007). In order to rank the countries, a novel two-dimensional method is proposed, which is inspired by the H-index and other methods based on quality and quantity measures. The countries data are represented in a "quantity-quality diagram", and partitioned by a conventional statistical algorithm (k-means), into three clusters, members of which are rather the same in all of the basic sciences. The results offer a new perspective on the global positions of countries with regards to their scientific output.

  2. A comprehensive approach to the formulation of capital projects in developing countries : finance and implementation. Case study, Edendale, Kwazulu (housing)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Trevor Paul

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Thesis deals with capital project formulation in developing countries. The objective is to provide guidelines for the formulation of housing development projects, their implementation structures and financial plans ...

  3. 74 Home Power #23 June / July 1991 n my trips around the country testing photovoltaic systems and presenting seminars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    74 Home Power #23 · June / July 1991 n my trips around the country testing photovoltaic systems reliability, durability, safety, and cost. After the power leaves the utility distribution system, the NEC

  4. Improvement of kiln design and combustion/carbonization timing to produce charcoal from agricultural waste in Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martinez, Jason A. (Jason Alexander)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Current economic conditions in third world countries like Haiti are so poor that the majority of the population has no access to energy sources that people in the first world take for granted. In Haiti the last two percent ...

  5. The Effects of Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling on Canadian/U.S. Live Hog and Feeder Pig Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thevenaz, Shad Arthur Michel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The final implementation of Mandatory Country-of-Origin Labeling has caused some U.S. packing plants and finishing operations to discontinue using Canadian live hogs and feeder pigs in their operations thereby reducing trade. Using a system...

  6. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  7. Reproduced with permission of the copyright owner. Further reproduction prohibited without permission. U.S. Commercial Banks And The Developing-Country Debt Crisi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    permission. U.S. Commercial Banks And The Developing-Country Debt Crisi Sachs, Jeffrey; Huizinga, Harry

  8. Experience of Consolidation Of Disused Sources In Developing Countries, An African Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kifanga, L.D.; Mompome, W.K.; Shao, D. [Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission, Arusha (Tanzania, United Republic of)

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Application of sealed sources in agriculture, medicine and industry was used in many African countries without having any arrangements in place for managing the sources when their useful life was over. In Tanzania a substantial use of such sources was utilized. In the early days source management was not an area that was given the required attention hence a legacy associated with sealed sources became evident in many African countries and Tanzania was one of them. In the 90's Tanzania Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC), realized the scope of the waste problem and began to participate in an International Atomic Energy Agency Regional (IAEA) project on waste management. Tanzania in cooperation with IAEA initiated activities under the IAEA Technical Cooperation and the Regional projects 'Strengthening Waste Management Infrastructure, RAF/4/015'; and 'Sustaining the Waste Management Infrastructure RAF/3/005' which played a significant role. The first outcome of the project was realized in 1999, as the first 'Temporary Radioactive Waste Storage Facility' began to operate. This particular Storage facility gave the first impact as well as the need to develop this particular infrastructure further. As the project carried on, more and more orphan sources were recovered, collected and safely stored at the facility. As the use of nuclear technology was expanding and the identification of the extent of sealed sources in the countries became more defined, the need to develop a 'Central Radioactive Waste Management Facility' (CRWMF) was becoming more desired. The central radioactive waste storage facility was constructed and commissioned in 2005. The facility was more advanced and could be used for much longer periods of time, as one of the most advanced storage facility in the Region. At present a large number of disused sources from various industries as well as from different activities are being stored at the facility. Tanzanian authorities are also planning to initiate a nationwide mission to recover and properly store as well as dispose of abandoned sources. Cooperation among the AFRA Member states has been very rewarding in terms of experience and its importance. Skills that have been gained during the past years of existence of the AFRA project will be a vital contribution for years to come. This paper discusses the experiences of United Republic of Tanzania on management of orphan radioactive sources. The need to develop its own radioactive waste management infrastructure was required due to the fact, that many disused radioactive sources have been found abandoned and needed to be properly disposed of. The paper will also discuss some of these experiences. (authors)

  9. Optimal restoration of power supply in large distribution systems in developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devi, V.S.; Sen Gupta, D.P. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India). Dept. of Electrical Engineering; Anandalingam, G. [Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Systems Engineering

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computer aided optimal method has been developed for the restoration of electric supply to areas isolated from the network following a fault in a distribution system. A search technique is used where the search is guided by appropriate heuristics. The optimum solution entails finding the strategy which involves the operation of minimum number of switch gear for rerouting the supply within the constraint of specified loading. This is an essential requirement in countries like India where the circuit breakers are almost always manually operated and a number of transformers and feeders operate close to their rated capacity. It pays therefore to adopt different strategies at peak load and off peak conditions since the number of breaker operations is so critical. The heuristic search that is developed is applied to a large distribution system and provides very good results.

  10. An overview of water disinfection in developing countries and the potential for solar thermal water pasteurization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Burch, J.; Thomas, K.E.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study originated within the Solar Buildings Program at the U.S. Department of Energy. Its goal is to assess the potential for solar thermal water disinfection in developing countries. In order to assess solar thermal potential, the alternatives must be clearly understood and compared. The objectives of the study are to: (a) characterize the developing world disinfection needs and market; (b) identify competing technologies, both traditional and emerging; (c) analyze and characterize solar thermal pasteurization; (d) compare technologies on cost-effectiveness and appropriateness; and (e) identify research opportunities. Natural consequences of the study beyond these objectives include a broad knowledge of water disinfection problems and technologies, introduction of solar thermal pasteurization technologies to a broad audience, and general identification of disinfection opportunities for renewable technologies.

  11. Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aljerrah, M.A.

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

  12. Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries - Kenyan case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henry, Rotich K. [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China); Zhao Yongsheng [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)]. E-mail: zhaoyongsheng@jlu.edu.cn; Dong Jun [College of Environment and Resources, Jilin University, Changchun 130026 (China)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper provides an overview of the state of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) by local authorities in Kenya as a case study of a low-income developing country. Approaches of possible solutions that can be undertaken to improve municipal solid waste (MSW) services are discussed. Poor economic growth (1.1% in 1993) has resulted in an increase in the poverty level which presently stands at 56%. Migration from the rural areas to the urban areas has resulted in unplanned settlements in suburban areas accommodating about 60% of the urban population on only 5% urban land area. Political interference also hampers smooth running of local authorities. Vulnerability of pollution of surface and groundwater is high because local authorities rarely considered environmental impact in siting MSW disposal sites. Illegal dumping of MSW on the river banks or on the roadside poses environmental and economic threats on nearby properties. Poor servicing of MSW collection vehicles, poor state of infrastructure and the lack of adequate funding militate against optimization of MSW disposal service. The rural economy needs to be improved if rural-urban migration is to be managed. Involvement of stakeholders is important to achieve any meaningful and sustainable MSWM. The role of the informal sector through community-based organizations (CBOs), Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and the private sector in offering solutions towards improvement of MSWM also is explored.

  13. New automated inventory/material accounting system (AIMAS) version for former Soviet Union countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuzminski, Jozef [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ewing, Tom [ANL; Sakunov, Igor [AVIS CORP., KIEV, UKRAINE; Drapey, Sergey [GEORGE KUZMYCZ TRAINING; Nations, Jim [GREGG PROTECTION SERVICES

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AIMAS (Automated Inventory/Material Accounting System) is a PC-based application for site-level nuclear material accountancy that was originally developed in the late 90's as a part of the U.S Department of Energy Assistance Program to Ukraine. Designed to be flexible and secure, plus place minimal demands on computing infrastructure, it was originally developed to run in early Windows operating system (OS) environments like W98 and W3.1. The development, support, and maintenance of AIMAS were transferred to Ukraine in 2002. Because it is highly flexible and can be configured to meet diverse end-user's needs, the software has been used at several facilities in Ukraine. Incorporating added functionality is planned to support nuclear installations in the Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, as well. An improved 32-bit version of AIMAS has recently been developed to operate effectively on modern PCs running the latest Windows OS by AVIS, the Ukrainian developer. In the paper we discuss the status of AIMAS, plans for new functions, and describe the strategy for addressing a sustainable software life-cycle while meeting user requirements in multiple FSU countries.

  14. The Benefits of Creating a Cross-Country Data Framework for Energy Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, Alex; McNeil, Michael; Pantano, Stephen

    2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    As manufacturers now sell a similar range of consumer electronics and home appliances to major markets around the world, the task of identifying a product?s energy efficiency rating has usually been the responsibility of each country and its respective government agency. This has led to a multitude of energy efficiency testing procedures, ratings, and certifications, resulting in disparate data being captured on identical products. Furthermore, lack of consistent product identification criteria means product energy performance is not easily connected to relevant information about the product such as market availability, price or real world energy consumption. This paper presents a new data standard for reporting energy performance and related product information that can be adopted internationally. To inform the development of this standard, we explore the existing energy efficiency market data for the two example products of TVs and Room Air Conditioners. This paper discusses current/future use cases of appliance level energy efficiency data across all stakeholders, including consumers, retailers/manufacturers, global standards organizations, third party service providers, and regulatory agencies. It also explains the key benefits of moving to a common international data framework for energy efficiency, such as: 1) a centralized product information repository for comparing energy use, ratings/certifications, and pricing data 2) improved access to relevant consumer electronics and appliance data to facilitate new policy development and harmonization across markets 3) enablement of retailers and other third parties to embed actionable energy efficiency information as part of the consumer experience.

  15. Benefits of creating a cross-country data framework for energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katzman, Alex [SEAD Energy Efficiency Data Access Project, Enervee (United States)] [SEAD Energy Efficiency Data Access Project, Enervee (United States); McNeil, Michael [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States); Pantano, Stephen [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)] [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    As manufacturers now sell a similar range of consumer electronics and home appliances to major markets around the world, the task of identifying a product’s energy efficiency rating has usually been the responsibility of each country and its respective government agency. This has led to a multitude of energy efficiency testing procedures, ratings, and certifications, resulting in disparate data being captured on identical products. Furthermore, lack of consistent product identification criteria means product energy performance is not easily connected to relevant information about the product such as market availability, price or real world energy consumption. This paper presents a new data standard for reporting energy performance and related product information that can be adopted internationally. To inform the development of this standard, we explore the existing energy efficiency market data for the two example products of TVs and Room Air Conditioners. This paper discusses current/future use cases of appliance level energy efficiency data across all stakeholders, including consumers, retailers/manufacturers, global standards organizations, third party service providers, and regulatory agencies. It also explains the key benefits of moving to a common international data framework for energy efficiency, such as: 1) a centralized product information repository for comparing energy use, ratings/certifications, and pricing data 2) improved access to relevant consumer electronics and appliance data to facilitate new policy development and harmonization across markets 3) enablement of retailers and other third parties to embed actionable energy efficiency information as part of the consumer experience.

  16. Nuclear design of small-sized high temperature gas-cooled reactor for developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goto, M.; Seki, Y.; Inaba, Y.; Ohashi, H.; Sato, H.; Fukaya, Y.; Tachibana, Y. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 4002, Oarai-machi, Higashi Ibaraki-gun, Ibaraki-ken 311-1394 (Japan)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has started a conceptual design of a small-sized HTGR with 50 MW thermal power (HTR50S), which is a first-of-a-kind commercial or demonstration plant of a small-sized HTGR to be deployed in developing countries such as Kazakhstan in the 2020's. The nuclear design of the HTR50S is performed by upgrading the proven technology of the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) to reduce the cost for the construction. In the HTTR design, twelve kinds of fuel enrichment was used to optimize the power distribution, which is required to make the maximum fuel temperature below the thermal limitation during the burn-up period. However, manufacture of many kinds of fuel enrichment causes increase of the construction cost. To solve this problem, the present study challenges the nuclear design by reducing the number of fuel enrichment to as few as possible. The nuclear calculations were performed with SRAC code system whose validity was proven by the HTTR burn-up data. The calculation results suggested that the optimization of the power distribution was reasonably achieved and the maximum fuel temperature was kept below the limitation by using three kinds of fuel enrichment. (authors)

  17. HighwayForestCoast Inside City Tall BuildingStreetOpenCountryMountain Oliva and Torralba, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Jianxiong

    HighwayForestCoast Inside City Tall BuildingStreetOpenCountryMountain Oliva and Torralba, 2001 or designed several state-of-art features that are potentially useful for scene classification, and several cellar barrel storage discotheque harbor classroom electrical substation (74%) industrial area oil

  18. DISSOSTICHUS RE-EXPORT DOCUMENT V1.2 RE-EXPORT SECTION Re-exporting Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DISSOSTICHUS RE-EXPORT DOCUMENT V1.2 RE-EXPORT SECTION Re-exporting Country: 1. Description of Fish Species Type of Product Net Weight Exported (kg) Dissostichus Catch Document Number Attached Species: TOP and tailed; FLT Fillet; HGT Headed, gutted, tailed; OTH Other (specify) Re-export information Number Date

  19. Climate policies : what if emerging country baseline were not so optimistic? a case study related to India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    -mail address: mathy@centre-cired.fr (S. Mathy) Keywords India, domestic policies and measures, climate policies1 of 14 Climate policies : what if emerging country baseline were not so optimistic? ­ a case study related to India Sandrine Mathya,* , Céline Guivarcha a Centre International de Recherche sur l

  20. Husnjak et al., 2004. Soil inventory and soil classification in Croatia ISRIC World Soil Information Country Series

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossiter, D G "David"

    Husnjak et al., 2004. Soil inventory and soil classification in Croatia Page 1 ISRIC World Soil Information Country Series Soil inventory and soil classification in Croatia: historical review, current classification in Croatia Page 2 Summary An historical overview of soil survey and soil classification activities

  1. REMEMBERING TOM PHELAN ~ THE FUTURE OF ENERGY ~ RECREATING A CROSS-COUNTRY JOURNEY Alumni Magazine~Spring 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linhardt, Robert J.

    REMEMBERING TOM PHELAN ~ THE FUTURE OF ENERGY ~ RECREATING A CROSS-COUNTRY JOURNEY Alumni Magazine was renovated extensively in the 1990s, earning the 1996 Historical Education Building Award from and organizations. 22 The Future of Energy As calls for energy independence increase, Rensselaer alumni explore

  2. Import demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis Barbara Farinelli, Colin A Carter, C.-Y. Cynthia Lin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    in the demand for oil and to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contributing to global climate change [11 Import demand for Brazilian ethanol: a cross-country analysis Barbara Farinelli, Colin A Carter, CA 95616, USA Abstract This study presents an empirical analysis of the import demand for Brazilian

  3. On the shortterm influence of oil price changes on stock markets in GCC countries: linear and nonlinear analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    the short-run relationships between oil prices and GCC stock markets. Since GCC countries are major world relatively little work done on the relationships between oil price variations and stock markets) shows a significant relationship between oil price changes and stock markets in Greece. Basher

  4. the academy of sciences for the developing world tenable in developing countries such as Brazil, China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    , China, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Pakistan and Thailand for scientists from developing countries year Age limit: 30 TWAS-icipe Fellowships for Postgraduate Research in Kenya The International Centre (other than Kenya) who wish to obtain a PhD in the natural sciences, especially focusing on integrated

  5. Energy chief tells Jersey: Fusion's back Secretary, at top research lab in Plainsboro, says country resuming international effort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    plan to build a $5 billion fusion reactor, called the International Thermonuclear Experimental ReactorEnergy chief tells Jersey: Fusion's back Secretary, at top research lab in Plainsboro, says country States plans to resume participation in an international collaboration to develop fusion energy

  6. Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Energy Industry: A Study of the OECD Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    for biomass energy R&D, with clearly demarcated support for both pre-commercial research devoted to innovation for renewable energy and energy efficiency, and has declined for fossil fuel and nuclear technology. The 20051 Measuring the Social Rate of Return to R&D in the Energy Industry: A Study of the OECD Countries

  7. During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pringle, James "Jamie"

    During the month of November, the Department hosted an unusual guest from Kazakhstan, Zhanna Yessengaliyeva. Kazakhstan is a country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. Kazakhstan is the ninth largest) is larger than Western Europe. 16.6 million people live in Kazakhstan, its population density is less than 6

  8. This series introduces the subject of Colombia by presenting all sides of the country: environment, drugs, political history (Plan Colombia),

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liblit, Ben

    This series introduces the subject of Colombia by presenting all sides of the country: environment, drugs, political history (Plan Colombia), youth, political violence (the Patriotic Union), forced - November 29th - Baile Rojo Plan Colombia WE CAN NOT KEEP SILENT with Gildardo Tuberquia to answer

  9. A Joint Programme of: "Water will remain a strategic resource for countries worldwide, and the quest for water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    the distinction between water as a resource and water as a service and thus lack the necessary institutionalA Joint Programme of: "Water will remain a strategic resource for countries worldwide, and the quest for water sustainability will become increasingly intricate and delicate. A keen understanding

  10. The uranium industry in the former eastern block countries-present status and new challenges associated with remediation work

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vels, B.Dr.; Ruhrmann, G.Dr. [Uranerzbergbau-GmbH, Wesseling (Germany)

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The main uranium producing countries and the individual production centres are briefly described, including their production status. In particular, an analysis of their present situation is given. The challenge of required remediation work lies in the successful handling of the complex transformation from the old to the new socio-economic environment within a tight financial framework.

  11. Nano/Microfluidics for diagnosis of infectious diseases in developing countries Won Gu Lee a,b,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirci, Utkan

    Nano/Microfluidics for diagnosis of infectious diseases in developing countries Won Gu Lee a,b,1 history: Received 15 June 2009 Accepted 14 September 2009 Available online 30 November 2009 Keywords: Nano/Microfluidics Infectious diseases HIV/AIDS Point-of-care Diagnostics Global health Nano/Microfluidic technologies

  12. Executive Summary An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenic1 sources and sinks of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, John B.

    Executive Summary An emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary emission sources and greenhouse gases to climate change. In 1992, the United States signed and ratified and make available...national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks

  13. COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    COUNTRY INSTITUTION DATE WEB ADDRESS IRAN University of Art Isfahn 08.03.2007 http://www.aui.ac.ir IRAN Isfahn University of Technology 08.03.2007 http://www.iut.ac.ir IRAN The University of Isfahn 15/03/2011 http://www.ui.ac.ir IRAN Shahid Bahonar University of Kermn 06.06.2005 http

  14. Designing and building a peanut-shelling machine to help people in third world countries such as Ghana/Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohd Ramli, Rafiq H. (Rafiq Hidayat), 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A peanut shelling machine was designed and built to help improve the standard of living of people in third world countries such as Ghana and Haiti. Two prototypes were built to test the concept of using a wheel as a peanut ...

  15. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. (eds.) (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)); Fearnside, P.M. (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Departmento de Ecologia)

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia in 1990 was releasing approximately 281--282 X 10{sup 6} metric tons (MT) of carbon on conversion to a landscape of agriculture, productive pasture, degraded pasture, secondary forest and regenerated forest in the proportions corresponding to the equilibrium condition implied by current land-use patterns. Emissions are expressed as committed carbon,'' or the carbon released over a period of years as the carbon stock in each hectare deforested approaches a new equilibrium in the landscape that replaces the original forest. To the extent that deforestation rates have remained constant, current releases from the areas deforested in previous years will be equal to the future releases from the areas being cleared now. Considering the quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, NO{sub x} and non-methane hydrocarbons released raises the impact by 22--37%. The relative impact on the greenhouse effect of each gas is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calculations over a 20-year time period (including indirect effects). The six gases considered have a combined global warming impact equivalent to 343 to 386 million MT of C0{sub 2}-equivalent carbon, depending on assumptions regarding the release of methane and other gases from the various sources such as burning and termites. These emissions represent 7--8 times the 50 million MT annual carbon release from Brazil's use of fossil fuels, but bring little benefit to the country. Stopping deforestation in Brazil would prevent as much greenhouse emission as tripling the fuel efficiency of all the automobiles in the world. The relatively cheap measures needed to contain deforestation, together with the many complementary benefits of doing so, make this the first priority for funds intended to slow global warming.

  16. Future Air Conditioning Energy Consumption in Developing Countries and what can be done about it: The Potential of Efficiency in the Residential Sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.; Letschert, Virginie E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004) Survey on Electricity Consumption Characteristics ofof residential electricity consumption in rapidly developingbusiness as usual’ electricity consumption by country/region

  17. Fact #836: September 1, 2014 Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports – Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #836: Non-OPEC Countries Supply Nearly Two-thirds of U.S. Petroleum Imports

  18. Diagnostic health risk assessment of electronic waste on the general population in developing countries' scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazzoli, Chiara, E-mail: chiara.frazzoli@iss.i [Food and Veterinary Toxicology Unit and WHO/FAO Collaborating Centre for Veterinary Public Health - Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome (Italy); Noodles Onlus, Nutrition and food safety and wholesomeness (Italy); Orisakwe, Orish Ebere [Toxicology Unit, Department of Pharmacology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, College of Health Sciences Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Anambra State (Nigeria); Noodles Onlus, Nutrition and food safety and wholesomeness (Italy); Dragone, Roberto [Institute of Nanostructured Materials (ISMN), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, at the Department of Chemistry of the 'Sapienza' University of Rome, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome (Italy); Noodles Onlus, Nutrition and food safety and wholesomeness (Italy); Mantovani, Alberto [Food and Veterinary Toxicology Unit and WHO/FAO Collaborating Centre for Veterinary Public Health - Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanita, viale Regina Elena 299, 00161 Rome (Italy); Noodles Onlus, Nutrition and food safety and wholesomeness (Italy)

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    E-waste is the generic name for technological waste. Even though aspects related to e-waste environmental pollution and human exposure are known, scientific assessments are missing so far on the actual risks for health sustainability of the general population exposed to e-waste scenarios, such as illicit dumping, crude recycling and improper treatment and disposal. In fact, further to occupational and direct local exposure, e-waste scenarios may impact on the environment-to-food chain, thus eliciting a widespread and repeated exposure of the general population to mixtures of toxicants, mainly toxic chemical elements, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and persistent organic pollutants. In the absence of any clear policy on e-waste flow management, the situation in the e-waste receiver countries may become quite scary; accordingly, here we address a diagnostic risk assessment of health issues potentially elicited by e-waste related mixtures of toxicants. Scientific evidence available so far (mainly from China) is discussed with special attention to the concept of health sustainability, i.e. the poor health burden heritage perpetuated through the mother-to-child dyad. Endocrine disruption and neurotoxicity are specifically considered as examples of main health burden issues relevant to perpetuation through life cycle and across generations; toxicological information are considered along with available data on environmental and food contamination and human internal exposure. The risk from exposure to e-waste related mixtures of toxicants of vulnerable subpopulation like breast-fed infants is given special attention. The diagnostic risk assessment demonstrates how e-waste exposure poses an actual public health emergency, as it may entrain significant health risks also for generations to come. Exposure scenarios as well as specific chemicals of major concern may vary in different contexts; for instance, only limited information is available on e-waste related exposures in a major site of e-waste dumping such as West Africa. Therefore, considerations are also given on data gaps possibly fitting a systematic risk assessment of the e-waste health impacts in different subscenarios as well as possible protective factors for exposed subpopulations.

  19. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  20. The Effects on Developing Countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO2 Emissions Trading A. Denny Ellerman, Henry D. Jacoby and Annelne Decaux*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Effects on Developing Countries of the Kyoto Protocol and CO2 Emissions Trading A. Denny by the scope of CO2 emissions trading, by various limitations that Annex I countries might place on emissions.1 Trade in Goods with No Emissions Trading

  1. A review of "Full of all knowledg: George Herbert's Country Parson and Early Modern Social Discourse" by Ronald W. Cooley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margaret J. Oakes

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?: George Herbert?s Country Parson and Early Modern Social Discourse. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. 238 pp. + 1 illus. $50.00 Review by MARGARET J. OAKES, FURMAN UNIVERSITY. It has become a commonplace to warn students encountering... points out that enclosure was not, in fact, always the evil condemned by More a century earlier in the Utopia, but was in fact a shift from common arable land, subject to lax maintenance by the slothful, to a system ?facilitating more intensive...

  2. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

  3. The Effect of Energy Prices on Operation and Investment in OECD Countries: Evidence from the Vintage Capital Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinbuks, J; Meshreky, A; Neuhoff, Karsten

    www.electricitypolicy.org.uk E P R G W O R K IN G P A P E R N O N -T E C H N IC A L S U M M A R Y The Effect of Energy Prices on Operation and Investment in OECD Countries: Evidence from the Vintage Capital Model EPRG Working Paper... 0922 Cambridge Working Paper in Economics 0933 Jevgenijs Steinbuks, Andreia Meshreky, and Karsten Neuhoff Empirical analysis of the effect of energy prices on energy use has been so far limited by the ability of econometric models to reflect...

  4. The World Bank's Participatory Development Approach in the Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) Paper for the Republic of Senegal: Rhetoric or Reality?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndiaye, Rokhaya

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this thesis is to study the World Bank's participatory development process in the 2007 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) for the Republic of Senegal. I seek to shed light on the question of whether or not the ...

  5. Modern Realities of the 'Jurisdictional Maze' in Indian Country: Case Studies on Methamphetamines Use and the Pressures to Ensure Homeland Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronk, Elizabeth Ann; Thompson, Heather Dawn

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Because legal jurisdction in Indian country can involve three separate actors -- the tribe, the federal government, and potentially the state government -- the laws governing which entity has authority in various situations ...

  6. A study on the lead-times in the United Nations World Food Programme supply chain : a focus on the country offices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López, Marc

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), the largest humanitarian agency in the world and the logistical arm of the United Nations, reached more than 113 million people in 80 countries in 2004 and delivered more than ...

  7. The contribution of published sustainability indexes to the construction of practical useful metrics for comparing strengths and weaknesses for achieving sustainability among countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolopoulos, Efthymios

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The thesis focuses on the evaluation of available national sustainability indexes, which measure and compare the performance of countries on various elements of sustainability. The first part presents an overview of the ...

  8. Drug addiction is a common problem in this country, especially for adolescents. The detrimental effects of exposure to addictive drugs during adolescence continue to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Background Drug addiction is a common problem in this country, especially for adolescents. The detrimental effects of exposure to addictive drugs during adolescence continue to affect individuals throughout their lifetimes (Yucel, Lubman, Solowlj & Brewer, 2007). Understanding the nature of drug

  9. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

  10. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    coverage.[2] Typically, when Americans speak of a place in a foreign country, they use the name followed by the country, with no additional hierarchy or feature type information. We say Stockholm, Sweden; not Stockholm, Stockholms L?n, Sweden... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

  11. The use of logistic regression to model the probability of oak wilt occurrence in the Texas hill country using forest stand and site characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dignum, David Rory

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE USE OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION TO MODEL THE PROBABILITY OF OAK MILT OCCURRENCE IN THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY USING FOREST STAND AND SITE CHARACTERISTICS A Thesis by DAVID RORY DIGNUM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Afdi University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Maj or Subj cot: Forestry THE USE OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION TO MODEL THE PROBABILITY OF OAK WILT OCCURRENCE IN THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY USING FOREST STAND AND SITE...

  12. The use of logistic regression to model the probability of oak wilt occurrence in the Texas hill country using forest stand and site characteristics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dignum, David Rory

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE USE OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION TO MODEL THE PROBABILITY OF OAK MILT OCCURRENCE IN THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY USING FOREST STAND AND SITE CHARACTERISTICS A Thesis by DAVID RORY DIGNUM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas Afdi University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1988 Maj or Subj cot: Forestry THE USE OF LOGISTIC REGRESSION TO MODEL THE PROBABILITY OF OAK WILT OCCURRENCE IN THE TEXAS HILL COUNTRY USING FOREST STAND AND SITE...

  13. Carvalho, G.S., Laurent, C., Clment, P., Jourdan, D. & Berger,D. (2009) Health Education: Analysis of teachers' and future teachers' conceptions from 16 countries in Europe, Africa and Middle East. In: M.T.Tatto (Ed.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of teachers' and future teachers' conceptions from 16 countries in Europe, Africa and Middle East. In: M teachers' conceptions from 16 countries (Europe, Africa and Middle East) Graça Carvalho*, Charline Laurent

  14. Selmaoui S., Agorram B., Kzami S., Razouki A., Clment P., Caravita S., 2012 -Cultural and Socio-economical Dimensions of Human Reproduction and Sex Education in the Biology Textbooks of Eight Countries. Sociology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    43 biology textbooks among 8 countries: four are in Europe and four in Africa and Middle East. Grids

  15. User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga,planning methodologies and tools | Open EnergyCalpak

  16. Citation impact of papers published from six prolific countries: A national comparison based on InCites data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bornmann, Lutz

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the InCites tool of Thomson Reuters, this study compares normalized citation impact values calculated for China, Japan, France, Germany, United States, and the UK throughout the time period from 1981 to 2010. The citation impact values are normalized to four subject areas: natural sciences; engineering and technology; medical and health sciences; and agricultural sciences. The results show an increasing trend in citation impact values for France, the UK and especially for Germany across the last thirty years in all subject areas. The citation impact of papers from China is still at a relatively low level (mostly below the world average), but the country follows an increasing trend line. The USA exhibits a relatively stable pattern of high citation impact values across the years. With small impact differences between the publication years, the US trend is increasing in engineering and technology but decreasing in medical and health sciences as well as in agricultural sciences. Similar to the USA, Japan f...

  17. COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    14.08.2009 www.ul.pt ROMANIA University of Bucharest 11.12.2001 www.unibuc.ro ROMANIA Babe Bolyai University of Cluj- Napoca 20.11.2008 www.ubbcluj.ro ROMANIA "Petru Mayor" University 30.07.2009 www.upm.ro/ ROMANIA West University of Timisoara 11.12.2008 www.uvt.ro ROMANIA University of Dimitrie Cantemir

  18. MINI PROSPECTUS 100countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    Study ­ with Materials Engineering Naval Architecture ­ and Marine Engineering ­ with Ocean Engineering-class departments Professionally accredited courses Scotland's largest Engineering Faculty High-value scholarship of Engineering www.strath.ac.uk/engineering #12;0706 Undergraduate Courses are offered at MEng and/or BEng or BSc

  19. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /01 12/31 $131 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 01/01 12/31 $136 AUSTRALIA DARWIN, NORTHERN TERRITORY 04/01 09/30 $142 ARMENIA [OTHER] 01/01 12/31 $92 ASCENSION ISLAND ASCENSION ISLAND 01/01 12/31 $22 AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 01/01 12/31 $157 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 01/01 12/31 $128 AUSTRALIA BROOME 01/01 12/31 $137 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 01

  20. Country Location AFGHANISTAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA CAIRNS 1-Jan 31-Dec $147 AUSTRALIA CANBERRA 1-Jan 31-Dec $153 AUSTRALIA AUSTRALIA ADELAIDE 1-Jan 31-Dec $178 APPENDIX C1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 C1 - 1 Foreign Per Diem Rates - Effective October 1, 2012 AUSTRALIA BRISBANE 1-Jan 31-Dec $144 AUSTRALIA BROOME 1

  1. Title Country/ exploitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , T.w. 20 Deoxygalactonojirimycin Derivatives Monsanto/OGS 1996 U Patent No 5,580,884 Platt F Patent No 5,472,969 Platt, F.M. Neises, G.R. Dwek, R.A Butters T.D. 22 Method of Inhibiting Glycolipid Synthesis Monsanto 1996 US Patent No 5,525,616 Platt, F.M Neises G.R Dwek, R.A. Butters T.D. 23

  2. Corruption in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olken, Benjamin A.

    Recent years have seen a remarkable expansion in economists' ability to measure corruption. This in turn has led to a new generation of well-identified, microeconomic studies. We review the evidence on corruption in ...

  3. COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    .05.2013 www.kobecufs.ac.jp KAZAKHSTAN Kazakh-American University 16.12.2011 www.kau.kz KAZAKHSTAN KazGAS/IEC 10.05.2012 www.kazgasa.kz KAZAKHSTAN JSC Astana Medical University 22.10.2012 www.amu.kz KAZAKHSTAN West-Kazakhstan Marat Ospanov state Medical University 03.03.2014 www.zkgmu.kz KAZAKHSTAN Kostanay

  4. Countries Diesel Prices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 5.10 5.05 5.16 6.05 5.40 6.88 2.81 42015 4.82 4.93 5.05 5.90 5.25 6.73 2.78 41315 4.75 4.74 4.87...

  5. What Country LISA RAPHALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baez, John

    Metamorphosis " ... 29 Fez 30 Falling Flowers 32 Recalling Old Journeys 34 Once more Eros 44 Poise 45 White, viewed from the side beautiful, each muscle silent, still as marble. It had no wings really of a woman of a cat on a marble slab in a cut cat clock-the right lateral hypothalamus 12:03 right medial hypothalamus

  6. Volunteer Day Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    when you signed in: Benin Brazil Burkina Faso China Colombia Honduras Japan Jordan Korea Kuwait Libya

  7. Lake Wauburg Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    Honduras Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Peru Saudi Arabia Taiwan Thailand Turkey Ukraine United

  8. Country background Forest history

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    mainly timber wood, especially for the navy and cask production, and coppices were used for firewood.2. Mediterranean climate is characterized by very heavy rainfall in spring and autumn, and a long, warm, dry summer

  9. Volunteer Day Countries Represented

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pilyugin, Sergei S.

    , but it really isn't. These three recreation facilities are supported by a portion of the additional fees full Board. Retirement Home for Horses-- Help care for aging and abandoned horses in a fun environment

  10. HIGH RISK COUNTRIES Afghanistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, RB Vietnam Yemen, Rep. Zambia Zimbabwe #12;

  11. COUNTRY INSTITUTION SIGNING DATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Di Pillo, Gianni

    Catamarca 09.10.2012 www.unca.edu.ar BOLIVIA Universidad Pública de El Alto ­ U.P.E.A. 01.10.2008 www.upea.edu.bo BOLIVIA Universidad Mayor de San Andrés 05.01.2010 www.umsanet.edu.bo BOLIVIA Universidad Autónoma "Gabriel René Moreno" (U.A.G.R.M.) 21.03.2011 www.uagrm.edu.bo BOLIVIA Universidad Nacional Ecológica (U

  12. English Country Dance 2015

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8, 2000Consumption SurveyEnergyphysicistEngineering MetalEngineering,Bret

  13. * City, State, Country:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch >Internship ProgramBiomassUniversityNuclear SecurityFeb 16 17 18 19

  14. English Country Dancing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisitingContractElectron-StateEnergyHeavyDepartment

  15. Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society solar energy pilot study. First follow-up report, October 1979, pilot country: United States; co-pilot countries: Denmark and France. CCMS report No. 110

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 1973 to 1978, over twenty nations participated in the NATO/CCMS Solar Energy Pilot Study, whose objective was to promote and accelerate the use of solar heating and cooling of buildings. The activities in this information exchange included (1) the regular reporting of national solar heating and cooling programs, (2) the development of a format for reporting the performance of solar heating and cooling systems, (3) the exchange of system performance reports, (4) the establishment of two specialized working groups for solar-assisted low energy dwellings and passive solar applications. At the conclusion of the pilot study in 1978, the participants formulated recommendations for continued action at the international level, as well as for action at the national level. This report describes the progress made in implementing those recommendations. In addition to detailing the steps taken to continue collaboration in various efforts initiated within the Solar Energy Pilot Study, the report contains papers on the 1979 status of the solar heating and cooling programs in seventeen CCMS countries.

  16. CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Ketoff, A.

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines energy use and carbon emissions in the developing world. Based on analyses of present energy-use patterns in 17 developing nations, this study presents high emissions and low emissions scenarios for these nations in the year 2025. These nations combined account for two thirds of the energy-related carbon emissions presently generated in the developing world. The analysis reveals that energy demand expands dramatically by 2025 and grows increasingly carbon intensive. In the high emissions scenario, carbon emissions from these countries increase four-fold. The greatest share of carbon stems from the industrial sector in 2025, followed by the transport and residential sectors. With the implementation of policies aimed at reducing CO{sub 2} emissions, the low emissions scenario reduces the level of carbon in 2025 by 20 percent relative to the high emissions scenario figure. These nations achieve 80 percent of the carbon reductions by improving the efficiency of energy production and use and the remaining 20 percent by implementing fuel-switching measures. Of all the sectors examined, the industrial sector offers the greatest opportunity for absolute carbon savings (39 percent of the total). This summary is volume one of five volumes.

  17. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/16: The Potential of Technology for the Control of Small Weapons: Applications in Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ALTMANN, JURGEN

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For improving the control of small arms, technology provides many possibilities. Present and future technical means are described in several areas. With the help of sensors deployed on the ground or on board aircraft, larger areas can be monitored. Using tags, seals, and locks, important objects and installations can be safeguarded better. With modern data processing and communication systems, more information can be available, and it can be more speedily processed. Together with navigation and transport equipment, action can be taken faster and at greater range. Particular considerations are presented for cargo control at roads, seaports, and airports, for monitoring designated lines, and for the control of legal arms. By starting at a modest level, costs can be kept low, which would aid developing countries. From the menu of technologies available, systems need to be designed for the intended application and with an understanding of the local conditions. It is recommended that states start with short-term steps, such as acquiring more and better radio transceivers, vehicles, small aircraft, and personal computers. For the medium term, states should begin with experiments and field testing of technologies such as tags, sensors, and digital communication equipment.

  18. Executive Summary of the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 19902009 1 n emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenic1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, John B.

    Executive Summary of the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990­2009 1 n emissions inventory that identifies and quantifies a country's primary anthropogenic1 In 1992, the United climate change. This inventory adheres to both (1) a comprehensive and detailed set of methodologies

  19. Actuarial Internship Opportunities with Milliman's Denver Health Practice Milliman is the country's most prestigious actuarial consulting firm and has offices worldwide. Milliman is divided into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, Philip L.

    Actuarial Internship Opportunities with Milliman's Denver Health Practice Milliman is the country each year. To help students acquire actuarial experience prior to graduation, our internship program graduated. In addition to summer internship positions, we will also consider interns who are available full

  20. Japan is the tenth most populous country in the world despite its relatively small land mass. In 2013, Japan was es-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Japan is the tenth most populous country in the world despite its relatively small land mass. In 2013, Japan was es- timated to be the third largest economy in the world and is home to technologically, and textiles. Japan relies heavily on imports for food, raw materials and fuel. As one of the largest world

  1. For most of its history Spain had been a country of emigration--sending laborers abroad to find employment. But the latter quarter of the 20th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    1 I. Problem For most of its history Spain had been a country of emigration--sending laborers abroad to find employment. But the latter quarter of the 20th century has seen Spains status shift from individuals to live and work in the southern European state. Immigrants to Spain come from diverse locations

  2. Country Name Address Town State Postcode Telephone Email ARGENTINA CW International Education Piso 6 A, Ciudad Buenos Aires 1425 54 11 48010867 info@cwinternationaleducation.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Ying

    Country Name Address Town State Postcode Telephone Email ARGENTINA CW International Education Piso 6 A, Ciudad Buenos Aires 1425 54 11 48010867 info@cwinternationaleducation.com ARGENTINA Latino Australia Education - Buenos Aires Riobamba 972 4C Buenos Aires 11 37931600 argentina

  3. Brazil 1 Buzius and Salvador Brazil is one of those countries that have a very distinctive feel and a vivid image. Each one

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beimel, Amos

    Brazil 1 ­ Buzius and Salvador Brazil is one of those countries that have a very distinctive feel and a vivid image. Each one of us carries a detailed picture of Brazil in his mind, even without being there and carnival. The fantastic thing is that upon arriving to Brazil, one finds out that the real Brazil matches

  4. Is Law right for me? If you are interested in the application of rules, the control of the country and how

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harman, Neal.A.

    -ranging, transferable and provide a good basis for employment in almost any sector as well as specific jobs in relation of the country and how people's rights are exercised then law is well suited to you. A law degree will focus and good time management for this degree. The skills you can gain from a degree in law are wide

  5. Title: Family Given Name: Affiliation: Mailing Address 1: Mailing Address 2: Postcode: Country: Mr AKINNIRAN AKINSOLA ABRAHAM ADENIRAN OGUNSANYA COLLEGE 4 LAKETU STREET, IKORODU LAGOS 23401 NIGERIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Limsoon

    Title: Family Given Name: Affiliation: Mailing Address 1: Mailing Address 2: Postcode: Country: Mr BLANGAH RISE #06-28 90043 SINGAPORE Mr CHEN JU NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE COM1, LAW LINK 117590 UNIVERSITY OF SINGAPORE COM1, LAW LINK 117590 SINGAPORE Mr CHOO KHAR HENG I2R 21 HENG MUI KENG TERRACE 119613

  6. IEA Bioenergy Task 40Sustainable International Bioenergy Trade:Securing Supply and Demand Country Report 2014—United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Richard Hess; Patrick Lamers; Mohammad S. Roni; Jacob J. Jacobson; Brendi Heath

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logistical barrier are tied to feedstock harvesting, collection, storage and distribution. Current crop harvesting machinery is unable to selectively harvest preferred components of cellulosic biomass while maintaining acceptable levels of soil carbon and minimizing erosion. Actively managing biomass variability imposes additional functional requirements on biomass harvesting equipment. A physiological variation in biomass arises from differences in genetics, degree of crop maturity, geographical location, climatic events, and harvest methods. This variability presents significant cost and performance risks for bioenergy systems. Currently, processing standards and specifications for cellulosic feedstocks are not as well-developed as for mature commodities. Biomass that is stored with high moisture content or exposed to moisture during storage is susceptible to spoilage, rotting, spontaneous combustion, and odor problems. Appropriate storage methods and strategies are needed to better define storage requirements to preserve the volume and quality of harvested biomass over time and maintain its conversion yield. Raw herbaceous biomass is costly to collect, handle, and transport because of its low density and fibrous nature. Existing conventional, bale-based handling equipment and facilities cannot cost-effectively deliver and store high volumes of biomass, even with improved handling techniques. Current handling and transportation systems designed for moving woodchips can be inefficient for bioenergy processes due to the costs and challenges of transporting, storing, and drying high-moisture biomass. The infrastructure for feedstock logistics has not been defined for the potential variety of locations, climates, feedstocks, storage methods, processing alternatives, etc., which will occur at a national scale. When setting up biomass fuel supply chains, for large-scale biomass systems, logistics are a pivotal part in the system. Various studies have shown that long-distance international transport by ship is feasible in terms of energy use and transportation costs, but availability of suitable vessels and meteorological conditions (e.g., winter time in Scandinavia and Russia) need to be considered. However, local transportation by truck (both in biomass exporting and importing countries) may be a high-cost factor, which can influence the overall energy balance and total biomass costs.

  7. Derisking Renewable Energy Investment. A Framework to Support Policymakers in Selecting Public Instruments to Promote Renewable Energy Investment in Developing Countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waissbein, Oliver; Glemarec, Yannick; Bayraktar, Hande; Schmidt, Tobias S.

    2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report introduces an innovative framework to assist policymakers to quantitatively compare the impact of different public instruments to promote renewable energy. The report identifies the need to reduce the high financing costs for renewable energy in developing countries as an important task for policymakers acting today. The framework is structured in four stages: (i) risk environment, (ii) public instruments, (iii) levelised cost and (iv) evaluation. To illustrate how the framework can support decision-making in practice, the report presents findings from illustrative case studies in four developing countries. It then draws on these results to discuss possible directions for enhancing public interventions to scale-up renewable energy investment. UNDP is also releasing a financial tool for policymakers to accompany the framework. The financial tool is available for download on the UNDP website.

  8. The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this paper are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to the World Bank Group, to members of its' board of executive directors or the countries they

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    , that the resource base and well productivity are adequate and that the drilling cost per well is reasonable in the GeothermEx archives; these wells comprise some 80% of the production wells drilled in Indonesia. Pertamina in most countries. Using an existing correlation of drilling cost versus well depth from several countries

  9. Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers are required to drive in the rightmost lane. To overtake another vehicle, they move one lane to the left, pass, and return to their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Summary Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers are required automobiles travel on the left. Finally, in "Further Thinking", we try to integrate more factors to improve February 11, 2014 Abstract Currently, in countries where automobiles are moving on the right, drivers

  10. An Analysis of Toponymic Homonyms in Gazetteers: Country-Level Duplicate Names in the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s Geographic Names Data Base 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Douglas R.

    2008-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    , Gaza Strip, Gibraltar, Marshall Islands, Saint Helena, and Swaziland to 35,392 names in Russia. The median value for countries with at least one toponymic homonym was 474.50. The geographical distribution of this pattern shows three areas... of higher values running from the northwest to the southeast across Eurasia, Africa, and the Americas. Eurasia has Russia, China, Iran, Indonesia, and Afghanistan [5] in the top five, with Germany, France, Poland, Belgium, and Sweden, North Korea, Taiwan...

  11. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Other Countries (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ Lease Condensate ProvedGas, WetMalaysiaOther Countries

  12. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of Energy in the long term. Volume 2, Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, and Venezuela

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ketoff, A.; Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

    1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. Of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist energy demand in developing will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. These individual studies were conducted fro Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela in Latin America.

  13. An analysis framework for characterizing and explaining development of EIA legislation in developing countries-Illustrated for Georgia, Ghana and Yemen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolhoff, Arend J., E-mail: akolhoff@eia.nl [Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment, P.O. Box 2345, 3500 GH Utrecht (Netherlands); Driessen, Peter P.J., E-mail: p.driessen@uu.nl [Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands); Runhaar, Hens A.C., E-mail: h.a.c.runhaar@uu.nl [Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80115, 3508 TC (Netherlands)

    2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Actors in the field of international development co-operation supporting the development of EIA legislation in developing countries often do not achieve the results envisaged. The performance of EIA in these countries often remains weak. One reason, we assume, is that often those actors support the establishment of overly ambitious EIA legislation that cannot achieve its objectives in the light of constraining contexts. To provide more effective support we need to better understand the enabling and constraining contextual factors that influence the development of EIA legislation and to which support actors should align itself. In this article a new analysis framework for classifying, characterizing and explaining the development of EIA legislation is described, measured in terms of ambition levels. Ambitions are defined as intentions the EIA authorities aim to fulfill, expressed in formal EIA legislation. Three country cases, Yemen, Georgia and Ghana are used to illustrate the usefulness of our framework and as a first test to refine the framework. We have formulated the following five hypotheses that complement and refine our analysis framework. One, EIA legislation may develop multilinearly in terms of ambition levels. Two, ambitions in EIA legislation seem to be influenced to a great extent by the power and capacity of, on the one hand, the environmental authorities supporting EIA and, on the other hand, the sector authorities hindering the development of EIA. Three, the political system is the most important context factor influencing the rules of policy-making and the power of the different actors involved. Four, the importance of context factors on the development of ambitions is dependent on the phase of EIA system development. Five, some ambitions seem to be influenced by particular factors; for instance the ambitions for the object of study seem to be influenced by the level of environmental awareness of the sector ministries and parliament. The analysis framework may also assist actors involved in the development of EIA legislation in setting ambitions for EIA legislation that are feasible within the context in which it will be developed and implemented. Application of a country-specific EIA model would seem to be the preferred model to develop EIA legislation because by taking capacities of actors and context factors as a starting point, it offers more potential to well-performing EIA systems. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer EIA systems develop from less to high ambitious and sometimes vice versa. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ambitions in EIA legislation are determined by the capacity of environment- and sector authority. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The political system is the most important context factor explaining the ambitions of an EIA system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An analysis framework developed to measure EIA system ambitions might help to setambitions.

  14. Uncovering the factors that can support and impede post-disaster EIA practice in developing countries: The case of Aceh Province, Indonesia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gore, Tom; Fischer, Thomas B., E-mail: fischer@liverpool.ac.uk

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The close relationship between environmental degradation and the occurrence and severity of disaster events has in recent years raised the profile of environmental assessment (EA) in the disaster management field. EA has been identified as a potentially supportive tool in the global effort to reduce disaster risk. As a component of this, attention has been brought specifically to the importance of the application of EA in the aftermath of disaster events in order to help prevent recurrence and promote sustainability. At the same time, however, it has also been recognised that post-disaster environments may be unfavourable to such practices. Looking at the practice of environmental impact assessment (EIA), this paper reports on a study which sought to identify more specifically the factors which can both support and hinder such practice following disaster events in a developing country context. Analysing the situation in Aceh Province, Indonesia, after the impact of two tsunamigenic earthquakes in late 2004 and early 2005, it is concluded that if EIA is to have a central role in the post-disaster period, pre-disaster preparation could be a key. -- Highlights: • Close relationship between environmental degradation and occurrence/severity of disaster events has raised profile of EA. • EA as a potentially supportive tool in the global effort to reduce disaster risk • Application of EA in the aftermath of disaster events to help prevent recurrence and promote sustainability • The paper looks at factors which can both support and hinder EA following disaster events in a developing country context. • We analyse the situation in Aceh Province, Indonesia, after the impact of two tsunamigenic earthquakes in 2004 and 2005.

  15. On Constructing a Base Map for Collaborative Map Generation and its Application in Urban Mobility Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    planning depends largely on the presence of good navigation data in the form of vectorized maps countries. On the other hand, good paper maps collected by the city authorities are widely available. Nevertheless, the integration of these GPS traces is itself a challenge and requires a good base map

  16. Country 8+1+Area Code 8+011+Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Termination) 441 * $0.2300 Bhutan * 975 $0.7438 Bhutan (Mobile Termination) * 975 $0.7438 Bolivia * 591 $0.2500 Bolivia (Mobile Termination - 133, 144, 152, 159, 164, 166, 7, 9) * 591 $0.3700 Bosnia & Herzegovina * 387

  17. SpatioTemporal Interaction with Disease Mapping Dongchu Sun, Robert K. Tsutakawa, Hoon Kim and Zhuoqiong He

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    West, Mike

    , and the variability of such rates over a state or country. They can also be used to detect spatial clusters which may these maps are often constructed with countries or states as basic units, the boundaries between such units can be epidemiologically arbitrary when the neighboring units are homogeneous. Mapping of crude rates

  18. IEA participating countries Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    , the electricity consumption in Thailand, the price of diesel oil in Spain and thousands of other useful energy France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland-encompassing annual studies of oil, natural gas, coal, electricity and renewables are indispensable tools for energy

  19. Countries Diesel Prices Excluding Taxes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.45 2.23 2.40 2.41 2.44 2.40 2.37 42015 2.24 2.15 2.33 2.33 2.34 2.33 2.33 41315 2.21 2.03 2.21...

  20. COUNTRY-SINGING RECRUITER 16

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's afforded them more sleep and made them more alert during watch. "The more sleep you get, the bet- ter your performance is," said Shattuck, who has studied the impact of fatigue on sailors for the past 12 years fatigue, no similar restric- tions are in place for ship crews. Senior surface leaders, who

  1. Staying Safe in Earthquake Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Fullerton Shari McMahan and Dorota Huizinga 16 Rethinking Faculty Development: Toward Sustaining a Community

  2. Country Scotland Type Single malt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Izzard, Rob

    % Cask Sherry Colour Deep amber Bottle volume 0.7l Price e/cl 0.80 Place of purchase Willi's getraenk chocolate, red apple, fig, and a bit of vanilla and dried berries. Palate Full and rich with notes of chewy filling and custard with peach cordial. The approach is smooth and sweet with fresh and dry fruits

  3. Renewable energy in Indian country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    On June 25--27, 1995, at Mesa Verde National Park in southwestern Colorado, the Center for Resource Management (CRM), organized and sponsored a conference in conjunction with the Navajo Nation, EPA, and Bechtel Group, Inc., to deal with issues associated with developing renewable energy resources on Indian lands. Due to the remoteness of many reservation homes and the cost of traditional power line extensions, a large percentage of the Indian population is today without electricity or other energy services. In addition, while they continue to develop energy resources for export, seeing only minimal gain in their own economies, Indian people are also subject to the health and environmental consequences associated with proximity to traditional energy resource development. Renewable energy technologies, on the other hand, are often ideally suited to decentralized, low-density demand. These technologies--especially solar and wind power--have no adverse health impacts associated with generation, are relatively low cost, and can be used in applications as small as a single home, meeting power needs right at a site. Their minimal impact on the environment make them particularly compatible with American Indian philosophies and lifestyles. Unfortunately, the match between renewable energy and Indian tribes has been hampered by the lack of a comprehensive, coordinated effort to identify renewable energy resources located on Indian lands, to develop practical links between Indian people`s needs and energy producers, and to provide the necessary training for tribal leaders and members to plan, implement, and maintain renewable energy systems. Summaries of the presentations are presented.

  4. Countries Gasoline Prices Including Taxes

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,128 2,469Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3ThousandYear

  5. MINERAL FACILITIES MAPPING PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    MINERAL FACILITIES MAPPING PROJECT Yadira Soto-Viruet Supervisor: David Menzie, Yolanda Fong-Sam Minerals Information Team (MIT) USGS Summer Internship 2009 U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Minerals Information Team (MIT): Annually reports on the minerals facilities of more than 180 countries

  6. Environmental assessment for the purchase of Russian low enriched uranium derived from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the countries of the former Soviet Union

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States is proposing to purchase from the Russian Federation low enriched uranium (LEU) derived from highly enriched uranium (HEU) resulting from the dismantlement of nuclear weapons in the countries of the former Soviet Union. The purchase would be accomplished through a proposed contract requiring the United States to purchase 15,250 metric tons (tonnes) of LEU (or 22,550 tonnes of UF{sub 6}) derived from blending 500 metric tones uranium (MTU) of HEU from nuclear warheads. The LEU would be in the form of uranium hexafluoride (UF{sub 6}) and would be converted from HEU in Russia. The United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC) is the entity proposing to undertake the contract for purchase, sale, and delivery of the LEU from the Russian Federation. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is negotiating the procedure for gaining confidence that the LEU is derived from HEU that is derived from dismantled nuclear weapons (referred to as ``transparency),`` and would administer the transparency measures for the contract. There are six environments that could potentially be affected by the proposed action; marine (ocean); US ports of entry; truck or rail transportation corridors; the Portsmouth GDP; the electric power industry; and the nuclear fuel cycle industry. These environmental impacts are discussed.

  7. CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 1, Summary: Revision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, J.; Ketoff, A.

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines energy use and carbon emissions in the developing world. Based on analyses of present energy-use patterns in 17 developing nations, this study presents high emissions and low emissions scenarios for these nations in the year 2025. These nations combined account for two thirds of the energy-related carbon emissions presently generated in the developing world. The analysis reveals that energy demand expands dramatically by 2025 and grows increasingly carbon intensive. In the high emissions scenario, carbon emissions from these countries increase four-fold. The greatest share of carbon stems from the industrial sector in 2025, followed by the transport and residential sectors. With the implementation of policies aimed at reducing CO{sub 2} emissions, the low emissions scenario reduces the level of carbon in 2025 by 20 percent relative to the high emissions scenario figure. These nations achieve 80 percent of the carbon reductions by improving the efficiency of energy production and use and the remaining 20 percent by implementing fuel-switching measures. Of all the sectors examined, the industrial sector offers the greatest opportunity for absolute carbon savings (39 percent of the total). This summary is volume one of five volumes.

  8. Research needs and data acquisition to apply US technology to foreign coals: Annual report, July 1, 1986-June 30, 1987. [Production and consumption of each indexed country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joseph, S.; Kulkarni, A.; Saluja, J.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Extensive data on the coal resources, characteristics, demand and supply, coal production and plans for coal utilization to meet the energy needs in the countries of the Pacific Basin and Asia have been gathered. Two databases have been prepared based on this information which are compatible with the database on domestic coals available at NCTDC, PETC on coal resources and characteristics. Coal technologies and coal preparation methods currently in use in the Pacific Basin and Asia have also been addressed. In the second phase of this project, an assessment of the information obtained will be conducted and, wherever possible, this data will be compared with domestic data on coals and coal conversion practices so as to highlight similarities or differences. High quality and useful data will be enumerated in the form of graphs, tables and matrices for quick review. Conclusions from this data will depict work areas of potential mutual interest and areas of technology transfer. US products and services which can be exported will be emphasized.

  9. Carbon emissions and sequestration in forests: Case studies from seven developing countries. Volume 2, Greenhouse gas emissions from deforestration in the Brazilian Amazon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makundi, W.; Sathaye, J. [eds.] [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Fearnside, P.M. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia (INPA), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Departmento de Ecologia

    1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia in 1990 was releasing approximately 281--282 X 10{sup 6} metric tons (MT) of carbon on conversion to a landscape of agriculture, productive pasture, degraded pasture, secondary forest and regenerated forest in the proportions corresponding to the equilibrium condition implied by current land-use patterns. Emissions are expressed as ``committed carbon,`` or the carbon released over a period of years as the carbon stock in each hectare deforested approaches a new equilibrium in the landscape that replaces the original forest. To the extent that deforestation rates have remained constant, current releases from the areas deforested in previous years will be equal to the future releases from the areas being cleared now. Considering the quantities of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, methane, nitrous oxide, NO{sub x} and non-methane hydrocarbons released raises the impact by 22--37%. The relative impact on the greenhouse effect of each gas is based on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) calculations over a 20-year time period (including indirect effects). The six gases considered have a combined global warming impact equivalent to 343 to 386 million MT of C0{sub 2}-equivalent carbon, depending on assumptions regarding the release of methane and other gases from the various sources such as burning and termites. These emissions represent 7--8 times the 50 million MT annual carbon release from Brazil`s use of fossil fuels, but bring little benefit to the country. Stopping deforestation in Brazil would prevent as much greenhouse emission as tripling the fuel efficiency of all the automobiles in the world. The relatively cheap measures needed to contain deforestation, together with the many complementary benefits of doing so, make this the first priority for funds intended to slow global warming.

  10. 4/18/11 10:39 AMB.C. aspires to lead the country in research and development Page 1 of 6http://www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=713de69a-38b7-48a8-9d50-d96d0aa1142b&sponsor=

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    4/18/11 10:39 AMB.C. aspires to lead the country in research and development Page 1 of 6http://www.canada.com/story_print.html?id=713de69a-38b7-48a8-9d50-d96d0aa1142b&sponsor= B.C. aspires to lead the country in research for economy, innovation and education" by 2010. #12;4/18/11 10:39 AMB.C. aspires to lead the country

  11. Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHigh SchoolIn12electronEnergy ManufacturingMapping theMappingMaps Sign

  12. Maps

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > The EnergyCenter (LMI-EFRC) -Publications &Tsao ·Resources » Maps

  13. “Sustainable development of hydropower in third countries...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    basis has been an array of humanitarian and economic development, especially for local people as well as an important tool in the fight agains &8220;Sustainable development of...

  14. Empowering Indian Country to Energize Future Generations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Be sure to visit booths 2751 and 2752 to learn about resources for Tribes offered by the U.S. Department of Energy:

  15. Vehicle operating costs: evidence from developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chesher, A.; Harrison, R.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The document presents information concerning the relationships between vehicle operating costs and highway conditions derived from four studies performed in Kenya, the Caribbean, Brazil, and India in the 1970s and early 1980s. The levels of transport costs and the amounts by which they are altered when highway conditions change depend on two main factors. The first is the production technology facing firms, in particular, the types and designs of vehicles to which firms have access. The second is the economic environment that firms face, in particular, relative prices of inputs to the production of transportation, such as fuel, tires, labor, and vehicles, and the nature of the transport markets that firms serve. The first part of the book sets out an economic model of firms managing vehicle fleets within which these influences can be examined. The second part of the book reports and interprets the results of the four major research projects which were designed to study the influences on vehicle operating costs. The third part of the book examines total vehicle operating costs.

  16. 2011 PROSPECTUS WESLEYAN MEN'S CROSS COUNTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    ......Brian Katten '79 Athletic Maintenance.........Patrick Welch Athletic Maintenance.........Dan Mammola. director...........Brian Katten '79 Sports info. phone .............(860) 685-2887 MEN'S X-C INFORMATION (at Franklin Park, Boston) 26th of 47 teams Oct. 23 (Sat.) Little Three Williams 35, Wes 42, Amherst

  17. REVERSE-ENGINEERING COUNTRY RISK RATINGS: A ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 19, 1999 ... and form of corporate, judicial and government corruption). Only a small ...... Governance Matters II: Updated Indicators for 2000/01. World Bank ...

  18. Country Specific Subject Preference Politics / International Relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mumby, Peter J.

    Administration Sustainable Development Climate Change / Energy Policy Politics / International Relations Cape Administration Economics Applied Security Strategy Colombia Climate Change / Energy Policy Public Administration and Finance Public Administration Climate Change and Energy Policy Politics / International Relations Jordan

  19. Chinua Achebe. There Was a Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milstein, Emily

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for the state of affairs in present day Nigeria, for what heperceives to be Nigeria’ s rampant cor- ruption, poorhis own prescription for Nigeria’s ills and ends the book on

  20. The Architect: Four Countries, Four Faces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jann, Marga

    2015-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    pathetic competition (over things like parking spaces, trash cans, office size, stylistic language, power plays and teaching schedules) as opposed to focusing collaboratively on the education and growth of their students and rewarding projects. Cyprus... , if not in the classroom or studio, eight hours a day, five days a week. Exterior site visits and meetings were essentially forbidden unless permission was officially granted, making research problematic and precarious. There was a pervasive spirit of mistrust —another...

  1. ENERGY USE AND CONSERVATION IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DH systems run on cheap heavy oil. Additionally DH centrals0.33 “'3 13-2 4°-6 0-37 Heavy oil 7 8 23 0.23 7 8.5 22.5

  2. ENERGY USE AND CONSERVATION IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    bear directly on energy use: the mix of non-energy goods andU.S. long haul mix is less energy intensive but total use isby consumers, and the mix of key energy intensive activities

  3. Review: Car Country: An Environmental History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karalus, Daniel E

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the joy of first owning an automobile, the inconvenience anddefine his attitude about automobiles. He expands this viewlandscapes began before automobiles. He details how the

  4. Policies for the 2011 Assessment of country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    & South Asia Johannes Teyssen Vice Chair, Europe José Antonio Vargas Lleras Vice Chair, Latin America on time and on budget. Protecting our climate and environment, which means reducing global CO2 emissions, North America Heon Cheol Shin Vice Chair, Daegu Congress 2013 Marie-José Nadeau Chair, Communications

  5. PROCEEDINGS: Conference on Transportation in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert; Sperling, Daniel; Mason, Jonathan

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environment, and Ecology Enhancing Mobility: Transportation Technologies, Operations, Design Non-Motorized Transportation: Mobility and Safety Economics, Financing,

  6. Peanut oil press for developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Neera, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the problems with obesity that the United States is facing today, malnutrition, caused in part by severely low dietary fat consumption, remains a problem among many people living in Sub-Saharan Africa. According ...

  7. ENERGY USE AND CONSERVATION IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prices for natural gas and oil than in Sweden, and fear ofand Sweden were roughly equal (Table 7), Americans enjoyed natural gas

  8. Export Controls Things to Remember EMBARGOED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) check with the Export Compliance Officer (ECO) ­ contact info below. A license or quarterly report may need to be filed. EXPORTING/SHIPPING CONTROLLED ITEMS OR INFORMATION: We need to verify the items the ECO before you export OR before making equipment available to nonUS persons. WHO? Use the DENIED

  9. ENERGY USE AND CONSERVATION IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    problems. -2]- "c. District Heating One technologybuildings in city centers are heated by district heating.Elsewhere district heating makes important local con-

  10. Peanut oil press redesign for Developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Daipan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the causes of malnutrition among the rural inhabitants of Sub-Saharan Africa is the high cost of dietary fats that are necessary to maintain normal body functions. Though the Food and Agriculture Organization of the ...

  11. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic Documents: ARCGIS Shape...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    toolslistarcgis-shape-files Transport Toolkit Region(s): Africa & Middle East Shapefiles for ArcGIS. Users can use the files for analysis of African nations' transport...

  12. Country-Fried Biofuels | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.SpaceFluorControlsEnergy Copy ofand

  13. Lake Country Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to: navigation,working-groups <LackawannaLagoBenton,(Redirected from LakeLake

  14. Form:Country | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489Information HydroFontana,

  15. EPROM Update 10 Countries and Counting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    30% of the households in Rwanda that have electricity; a venture described on page 2. ENTREPRENEURIAL applications have been unique to the Rwandan market, ranging from auto insurance to local market price the service annually. This year he launched a mobile electricity payment system that has been adopted by over

  16. Environmental Politics and Policy in Industrialized Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Javed, M. Tayyeb

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    presents the environmental policies and their causes,to understand the environmental policy and politics in thesediscusses the environmental policy process, and concludes

  17. ENERGY USE AND CONSERVATION IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    demand in the long run. Cogeneration of electricity and heatthe expan- sion of cogeneration, especially just now whencame from industrial cogeneration, 4% in l976 (a recession),

  18. Category:Countries | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, click here. Category:Conceptual Model Add.png Add a newpage? Forsovereign

  19. Silk and Thistle Scottish Country Dance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of ScienceandMesa del Sol HomeFacebookScholarship Fund3 Outlook for Gulf ofMailing List

  20. High Country Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDIT REPORTEnergyFarms AHefei SungrowHelukabel GmbH

  1. Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4.April 25, 2013 Independent Statistics

  2. Property:Country | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformationProjectAffiliated CompaniesCompanyType

  3. Property:HPBD/Country | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDate Jump to:Property Edit with form

  4. Property:Project Country | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag Jump to: navigation,ProjectStartDatePropertyWavemaking Jump to: navigation,

  5. Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtelInteriasIowa:Washington: Energy Resources JumpKentwood,Becoming aKENYA

  6. U.S. Imports from All Countries

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImport Area: U.S.

  7. REDD Country Activity Database | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:Ezfeedflag JumpID-f < RAPID‎ | Roadmap Jump to:b < RAPID‎RBI Solar Inc

  8. LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshanGroup Name China

  9. LBNL Developing Countries Studies | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin Zhongdiantou NewKorea Parts andKunshanGroup Name China

  10. Georgia (country): Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park,2005) | Open Energy(Blackwell,Geopower TexasNew

  11. US Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTown of Ladoga, IndianaTurtle Airships JumpTypefor Africa |Green Bay,

  12. Gold Country Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating AGeothermal/Exploration <Glacial EnergyEnergyGlobalGlobalGoaGoiasGold

  13. Adirondack North Country Association | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof Energy 2,AUDITCaliforniaWeifangwiki HomeASNAddGlobe Jump to: navigation,Adi

  14. Report of the first international workshop on human chromosome 14 mapping 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, D.W.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first International Workshop on Human Chromosome 14 mapping was held at Novotel in Toronto, Canada on June 9-12, 1993. There were 23 participants from nine countries. The goals of the workshop were to compile physical maps and a consensus linkage map, to consolidate available data on disease loci, to catalogue and facilitate distribution of resources and to encourage new collaborations and data sharing.

  15. BrainMap `95 workshop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The fourth annual BrainMap workshop was held at La Mansion del Rio Hotel in San Antonio December 3--4, 1995. The conference title was ``Human Brain Mapping and Modeling.`` The meeting was attended by 137 registered participants and 30 observers from 82 institutions representing 12 countries. The meeting focused on the technical issues associated with brain mapping and modeling. A total of 23 papers were presented covering the following topics: spatial normalization and registration; functional image analysis; metanalysis and modeling; and new horizons in biological databases. The full program with abstracts was available on the Research Imaging Center`s web site. A book will be published by John Wiley and Sons prior to the end of 1998.

  16. Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: Do associations differ by country?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Population Health, The University of Western Australia,Crawley, Western Australia, Australia. 15 New Zealand

  17. Developed Countries' Imposed Standards on Trade of Agricultural Imports from Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cabrera, Raul; Cochran, Matt; Dangelmayr, Lauren; D'Aguilar, Gavin; Lee, Jeongwoo; Speir, Ian; Weigand, Courtney

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2002 2003 2004 1 , 0 0 0 h e a d EU-approved abattoirs Other facilities Source: Meat Board of Namibia 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 M e t r i c T o n s Exports to South Africa Exports elsewhere Source: Meat..., have stepped in to solve a ?coordination failure?, providing the institutional infrastructure necessary for a functioning and cost-competitive industry. Second, looking forward, the long-term challenge for Namibia and Botswana in exporting beef...

  18. OSIRIS-Country-by-Country Opportunity Cost Curves | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri: EnergyExcellence SeedNunn,and Fees for Geothermal Resources

  19. Forest density mapping in the lower 48 states: A regression procedure. Forest Service research paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhu, Z.

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station's Forest Inventory and Analysis (SO-FIA) research unit conducted a project to map the distribution of forest lands for the entire United States. Forest types and forest densities were mapped, and a new forest type group map for the country was produced (Powell and others, in press; Zhu and Evans 1992). The project supported the 1993 Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act (RPA) Assessment Update program, by which the Forest Service was required to provide statistics on current forest land and rangeland conditions.

  20. Report of the Fourth International Workshop on human X chromosome mapping 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schlessinger, D.; Mandel, J.L.; Monaco, A.P.; Nelson, D.L.; Willard, H.F. [eds.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Vigorous interactive efforts by the X chromosome community have led to accelerated mapping in the last six months. Seventy-five participants from 12 countries around the globe contributed progress reports to the Fourth International X Chromosome Workshop, at St. Louis, MO, May 9-12, 1993. It became clear that well over half the chromosome is now covered by YAC contigs that are being extended, verified, and aligned by their content of STSs and other markers placed by cytogenetic or linkage mapping techniques. The major aim of the workshop was to assemble the consensus map that appears in this report, summarizing both consensus order and YAC contig information.

  1. Table A: Countries grouped on the basis of their 2004 Human Development Index score. Countries of birth groups Countries of birth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Grenada, the Bahamas, Surinam, Dominique, Saint Lucie, New Zealand, East Samoa, Fiji, Mexico. Low HDI.socscimed.2012.01.002 #12;Table B: Relative risk of mortality for foreign-born populations relative to the locally-born population by specific causes of death and gender (years 2004-2007) Violent death Infectious

  2. BA in FRENCH TEACHING (553522) MAP Sheet Department of French and Italian Languages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    and other French-speaking countries. Fren 321 does not. Complete the following prerequisites (or equivalent

  3. Anatomy of a Temporary Country: in eight acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmstrom, Becky

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the   camps   without   a  permit.  The camp residents are to Nairobi without an official permit, others find ways to 

  4. Microgrid Policy Review of Selected Major Countries, Regions, and Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Min

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    controllable rectifier); microturbine MAGNETEK EG-50: 50-kW;module, supported by a microturbine with an electric powerthermal power from the microturbine and demands more or less

  5. A cross country analysis of electricity market reforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    have lower fertility rates and higher ratios of physical investment to GDP. The study uncovers that growth is inversely related to the share of government consumption in GDP but insignificantly related to the share of public investment, EPRG WP 1216... , Carlos Bastos, Secretary of Energy between 1991-96, led the privatisation of the electricity sector within the general policy framework of the Minister of Economy. Bastos was formerly an electrical engineer, researcher and a consultant on electricity...

  6. Empowering Indian Country to Energize Future Generations (Revised) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes the major programs and initiatives of the DOE Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs.

  7. Pasture Development in the East Texas Timber Country.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crouch, E. K.; Jones, John H.

    1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plants over the entire area; also only certain plants persisted. The principal plants which have withstood all conditions of heavy grazing, drouths, overflows, and freezes are: carpet grass, Axmpis affinis; dallis grass, Paspalum dilatatum; bermuda...

  8. Anatomy of a Temporary Country: in eight acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmstrom, Becky

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    shrugs.  “There are just so many people like this, weeping people rarely speak of their past.  Although I  spend   many  

  9. Inflation targeting in emerging countries: the exchange rate issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reyes Altamirano, Javier Arturo

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The current discussion of Inflation Targeting (IT) in emerging economies deals with the effects that nominal exchange rate movements have on the overall inflation rate. The literature has focused in the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages...

  10. andsome asian countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    close association with various governmental bodies, research institutions, academicians, policy-makers, business and industry circles in India and abroad. RIS has a consultative...

  11. Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studiesexamples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.ukenergyfutureslabPublic...

  12. become more important as countries agree to emission reduction targets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Constable, Steve

    : immediate stabilization of carbon dioxide emissions, regulation of air pollution that balances removal

  13. Microgrid Policy Review of Selected Major Countries, Regions, and Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Min

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4.IRED (Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and1.Regional Power Grid with renewable Energy Resourcespdf 2. Spanish Renewable Energy Review http://www.erec.org/

  14. INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    waste (which addresses tribal environmental issues) o How to encourage DOE to develop a technology assessment group focused on biomass? o Role of U.S. Department of Agriculture...

  15. Scientific output of Croatian universities: comparison with neighboring countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podobnik, Boris

    and Katica Biljakovic2 1Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Rijeka, Rijeka, Croatia Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Zagreb, Croatia 2 Institute of Physics, Zagreb, Croatia Abstract We compare of an institution. In the 2003 ranking, there were no universities from Croatia, but there were some universities

  16. DOE Announces Webinars on Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    will discuss converting from pneumatic controls to direct digital control for HVAC systems and new optimal air-side control sequences. Michael Deru of the National Renewable...

  17. Overcoming Barriers to Wind Development in Appalachian Coal Country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brent Bailey; Evan Hansen

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project synthesizes existing data and communication from experts to assess barriers to wind development in Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia, Virginia, and Kentucky, and makes recommendations where feasible to reduce or eliminate those barriers.

  18. Survey of system responsibility in the Nordic countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . The definition shall also include the distribution of costs between costs for network business and costs February 2005 Hagman Energy AB Ribegatan 118, SE-164 45 Kista, Sweden +46 709 302 582, hagmanenergy for business in competition. This shall be done in a way that creates a common platform for the further

  19. Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , then policies that allow and encourage investment and freedom to import agricultural inputs and export agricultural products is essential. Only a modern commercial agricultural production and marketing system can expect to contribute in international trade...

  20. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TARGET APPLIANCE Solar Water Heater (low and high pressure)content/solar-water-heaters-save- electricity-south-africaOffer Program SWH – Solar Water Heater F IGURES F IGURE 1. E

  1. PROGRESS IN RESIDENTIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION - A MULTI COUNTRY PERSPECTIVE -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    markedly future demand for both oil and other energy formsin space heating energy demand in oil~heated dwel~ lings: anheating energy demand per dwelling since the oil embargo,

  2. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Time of Use Tariff.cooking services. TIME OF USE TARIFF The highest peak loadEskom, n.s. ) Time of Use (TOU) tariffs were introduced

  3. Implementing CDM projects Guidebook to Host Country Legal Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Denmark, or Baker & McKenzie. This report is intended as a public resource for stakeholders undertaking activities that reduce greenhouse gas emissions, whether under the Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism or other market-based instruments for carbon trading. While this guidebook provides

  4. Biomass energy use in developing countries: An African perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karekezi, S.; Ewagata, E. [AFREPREN and FWD, Nairobi (Kenya)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass forms the bulk of the energy supply of the developing world with the largest share consumed in the household sector as either fuelwood or charcoal for cooking, lighting and space heating. However there are a number of constraints facing the use of biomass if it is to be sustainable. Stephen Karekezi and Esther Ewagata of the African Energy Policy Research Network (AFREPREN) outline these constraints and discuss the modernisation of the traditional technologies now underway.

  5. Financial considerations of public inventory holdings in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Irma; Berck, Peter

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It would be of no use in an LDC lacking well establishedmeasure. For an average LDC, however, aggregate consumptionor bad investment for an LDC? The words, "another dollar"

  6. The use of satellite-based technology in developing countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Danielle Renee

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Satellite technology in the areas of remote sensing, communication, and navigation can provide valuable information in a number of areas from business to disaster management to agriculture. There is great potential for ...

  7. An evaluation of EIA system performance in eight EU countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, A. [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom)] [Univ. of Aberdeen (United Kingdom); Wood, C. [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre] [Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom). EIA Centre

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An evaluation of the quality of environmental impact assessment (EIA) reports, modifications to projects as a result of EIA, and the influence of changes to EIA procedures in the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Belgium, Denmark, Greece, Ireland, and Portugal is reported. The overall proportion of satisfactory EIA reports sampled increased from 50% to 71% between 1990--1991 and 1994--1996. Several modifications to projects occurred as a result of the EIA process, but there was no apparent trend over time relating to the number or significance of modifications. All the eight Member States had taken major or minor measures to modify EIA procedures and these either have already improved the quality of EIA practice or are expected to do so. A series of recommendations to improve the performance of the EIA process is presented.

  8. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    excluding taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.15 2.32 2.11 2.61 1.49 2.11 NA 42015 2.07 2.26 2.09 2.50 1.46 2.05 NA 41315 1.96 2.15 1.97 2.36...

  9. Countries Distillate Heating Oil (No. 2 Heating Oil and Gasoil...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    including taxes) Date Belgium France Germany Italy Netherlands UK US 42715 2.69 3.17 2.81 5.21 4.24 2.88 NA 42015 2.59 3.08 2.79 5.05 4.18 2.81 NA 41315 2.46 2.95 2.64 4.85...

  10. Transportation in Developing Countries: Greenhouse Gas Scenarios for Delhi, India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gaso- line vehicle (on a full fuel cycle basis). 17 However,emissions from the full fuel cycle (from “well to wheels”).

  11. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White Paper on South Africa’s Energy Policy is the firstfor Electricity. South Africa: Department of Energy. From2030 - IRP. From South Africa Department of Energy: http://

  12. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    White Paper on South Africa’s Energy Policy is the first2012a) ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SOUTH AFRICA GENERAL POLICYENERGY EFFICIENCY IN SOUTH AFRICA . 17 G ENERAL POLICY

  13. Does the Environmental Kuznets Curve Describe How Individual Countries Behave?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deacon, Robert; Norman, Catherine S

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for an Environmental Kuznets Curve. ” Review of EconomicsFactoring the Environmental Kuznets Curve: Evidence fromand Development: Is There a Kuznets Curve for Air Pollution

  14. Climate Dangers and Atoll Countries Jon Barnett and Neil Adger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    freshwater lens easily contaminated by salt water and human and industrial wastes. Freshwater lenses become of beaches, while construction of sea walls and infrastructure, and waste dumping on reefs and mangroves developments and pollution has also lead to depletion of artisanal fisheries. Overall, their small size

  15. The Geographic Concentration of Enterprise in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felkner, John S.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nation's economic geography can have an enormous impact on its development. In Thailand, we show that a high concentration of enterprise in an area predicts high subsequent growth in and around that area. We also find ...

  16. Study 2--Staff Perspectives on Care for Country Aboriginal Patients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Judith Dwyer Janet Kelly Eileen Willis Tamara Mackean Malcolm Battersby Brita Pekarsky John Glover #12 Battersby Brita Pekarsky John Glover #12;© Flinders University, 2011 ISBN 978-1-921889-14-1 This work has Mackean, Malcolm Battersby, Brita Pekarsky and John Glover Managing Editor: Jane Yule Copy Editor: Cathy

  17. DOE Office of Indian Energy Announces New Indian Country Energy...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Indian Community: Barney Enos, Jr., District 4 Community Council Ho-Chunk Nation: Susan Weber, Representative "The Working Group is honored to welcome these new members and would...

  18. INDIAN COUNTRY ENERGY AND INFRASTRUCTURE WORKING GROUP ICEIWG

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ronald Suppah, Vice-Chairman, Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation Susan Weber, Representative, Ho-Chunk Nation Other Tribal Participants William Anderson, Chairman,...

  19. Adopt a Country Global Warming Project, Spring 2012. Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lachniet, Matthew S.

    . Unacceptable sources The world-wide web is not a source of scientific information, so do not rely on it. Any. Suggested Format and Headings The paper should be written in single spacing, normal Microsoft Word margins, 12-point Times New Roma font. The length of the paper should be between 4000 and 6000 words

  20. Microgrid Policy Review of Selected Major Countries, Regions, and Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Min

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and hybrid systems for rural electrification on micro powerin decentralized rural electrification to ensure the safety

  1. Select a Topic Select a Country Search EUbusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    southeastern town of Cadarache, which defeated a Spanish site to be chosen as the European Union's bid

  2. Select a Topic Select a Country Search EUbusiness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sitemap French minister seeks Spanish support over ITER energy project 21 January 2004 French Research minister is "campaigning to mobilise Europeans, and particularly the Spanish because they would host part States, which this month came out in support of Japan's bid, they added. Haignere is due to meet Spanish

  3. Indian Country Solar Energy Potential Estimates & DOE IE Updates

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    borrower must be rural small business or agricultural producer * Technology: biomass, solar, wind, hydro, hydrogen, geothermal * Applications: equipment, construction,...

  4. SP.784 Wheelchair Design in Developing Countries, Spring 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winter, Amos G.

    This class will give students the chance to better the lives of others by improving wheelchairs and tricycles made in the developing world. According to the United States Agency for International Development, 20 million ...

  5. U.S. LNG Imports from Other Countries

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  6. U.S. Natural Gas Exports by Country

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    769,258 1973-2014 Mexico 338,406 333,251 498,657 619,802 658,368 738,480 1973-2014 LNG 33,355 64,793 70,001 28,298 2,924 16,255 1985-2014 Exports 0 199 13,590 2012-2014 By...

  7. apec member countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    all aspects of unknown authors 5 Energy Efficiency Potential for Distribution Transformers in the APEC Economies University of California eScholarship Repository Summary:...

  8. Public service delivery in developing countries Tuesday 3rd

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bristol, University of

    for Health Care? Evidence from a Randomised Experiment in Ghana With K. Hanson, C. Whitty & E. Ansah 10.15 Veruska Oppedisano (UCL) Conditionality, Preventative Care and Health: Evidence from Colombia With O school reforms in Ghana: The impact of an additional year of schooling on achievement With Kim Lehrer

  9. Indian Country Solar Energy Potential Estimates & DOE IE Updates

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    enterprises * Verify current service providers and rates for electricity, gas, propane, wood, and others Photo by NREL 19830 Wind Assessment with Robi Richaud DOE-IE...

  10. CCEM Country Reports Richard Anderson, John Lloyd, Sophie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    by age - all facilities (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 13 Refrigerator/freezer models #12;District Vaccine Stores (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 14 Refrigerator/freezer models #12;Health Posts and Dispensaries (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 15 Refrigerator/freezer models #12;Equipment by Age group (all facilities) (C) 12

  11. CCEM Country Reports Richard Anderson, John Lloyd, Sophie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Richard

    - all facilities (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 13 Refrigerator/freezer models District Vaccine Stores (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 14 Refrigerator/freezer models Health Posts and Dispensaries (B) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop 15 Refrigerator/freezer models Equipment by Age group (all facilities) (C) 12/1/2011 CCL Workshop

  12. Marketing policy for developing countries: the case for Uganda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazaala, Nalumansi Mariam

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coffee prices collapsed. Uganda is a member of the International Coffee Organization (ICO), with an initial annual export quota of about 48 of the global quota. In recent years this has been equivalent to 138, 000 tons (UNIDO and UIA, 1993). Uganda... exports mainly Robust coffee, Arabic coffee contributes at about 6% of production, is relatively insignificant as an export (Table 1. 4). The effective collapse of the ICO quota system in July 1989 has been a major setback for Uganda as Robust prices...

  13. Essays on the Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eifert, Benjamin Patrick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 illustrates, there does s eem t o be s ome geographican d SME p erformance s eem p lausible, t hough s ome ar e

  14. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    the acquisition date. See the Explanatory Notes section for additional detail. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form FEA-F701-M-0, "Transfer Pricing Report," January...

  15. A social networking approach for mobile innovation in emerging countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Jen-Hao, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Addressing the global challenges and the next billion mobile subscribers, the MIT NextLab course engages students, industry partners, entrepreneurs and the next billion mobile subscribers to develop innovative mobile ...

  16. EUCI Tribal and Indian Country Energy Development: Collaborating...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    provide practical tips for mutually beneficial collaboration between tribes and utility companies. The conference will focus on the fundamental concepts on how to network and...

  17. Explaining the International Environmental Cooperation of Democratic Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recchia, Steven

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Protocol on Substances that Deplete Ozone Layer 7. Basel Convention on the Movements of Hazardous Wastes

  18. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rules for Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management (to support the Energy Efficiency and Demand Side Management,costs for DSM, energy efficiency and demand- reduction

  19. Essays on the Performance of Manufacturing Firms in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eifert, Benjamin Patrick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    firms were aware of preventive maintenance but few of themSpecific practice Preventive maintenance is carried outfor the machines Preventive maintenance is carried out per

  20. Towards an Effective Environmental Law for Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Franziska

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Elaborar los Estándares de Calidad Ambiental (ECA) y Límitesde los Estándares de Calidad Ambiental (ECA) y Límiteslos efluentes líquidos, la calidad del aire, las sustancias

  1. Evaluation of collared peccary translocations in the Texas Hill Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Brad Alan

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluated the success of peccary translocations for mixed and intact family groups by comparing survival, ranges, and dispersal of translocated, radio-tagged peccaries. In addition, I evaluated two release methods (soft versus hard) to determine differences...

  2. Status Report and Action Plans for Countries and Territories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, Helene

    ........................................................10 Ecotourism ............................................................10 Acoustic Pollution.................................................11 Chemical Pollutants...............................................11 Diseases

  3. Distributional effects of trade and tariffs between and within countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tobal, Martin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    18 (1-2): 83-100. ———.1992. Tariff protection and imperfect18 ( 1-2): 83-100. ———.1992. Tariff protection and imperfectdue to a rise in domestic tariffs is written as follow In

  4. Globalization and Developing Countries - a Shrinking Tax Base ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Jinjarak, Yothin

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    VAT/GDP Seigniorage/GDP Tariff/GDP Repression/GDP Total Tax/S.D. Min Max Correlations: Taxes VAT Seign. Tariff RepressSeigniorage/GDP Tariff/GDP Repression/GDP Total Tax/GDP

  5. IEA Bioenergy task 40 Country report for the Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is used to almost 100% in Dutch power plants (mainly coal and two gas-fired plants), and can be roughly are avoided by the use of (largely imported biomass), mainly by co-firing of biomass and waste combustion

  6. Shonday Harmon City/state/country of origin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Leadership in Higher Education What do you like best about Tulsa? Tulsa is a cultural center for the state, Tulsa is on the cusp of major growth and tourism. Where is your favorite place on OSU-Tulsa campus free time? I love attending festivals and live music events around Tulsa. You can usually find me

  7. Partisanship and Economic Policies in Developing Countries during Dismal Times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Julia Hyeyong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    161 Figure 5.28. Uruguay: Fiscal Deficits as % GDP (1980-164 Figure 5.29. Uruguay: Social Protection vs. Education2006)………165 Figure 5.30. Uruguay: Ratio of Social Protection

  8. Tribal Gaming and Indigenous Sovereignty, With Notes from Seminole Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cattelino, Jessica R.

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ed. New York: Verso. Barlett, Donald L. and James B. Steele. 2002a. "Indian Casinos: Wheel of Mis fortune." Time, December 16:44-58. Tribal Gaming and Indigenous Sovereignty 201 . 2002b. "Indian Casinos: Playing the Political Slots." Time, 160... on poverty and welfare dependency, now center on presumed (and allegedly "unearned") wealth. As Doug Foley put it in the Mesquaki context: "In precasino days, some Whites looked down on Mesquakis for their poverty. Now some seem to dislike them...

  9. Outsourcing and wage inequality in the home country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Kuang-Chung

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Happened to the Outsourcing Effect on Wage Inequality in the 1970s?” I find that, in the 1970s, white-collar workers’ wages deteriorated and blue-collar workers’ wages were non-decreasing. R&D workers always benefit from outsourcing. Except computers...

  10. ORSSAB Member Greg Paulus Served His Country, Helped People With...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to do aircraft procurement, and it provided him an opportunity to get an MBA at Central Michigan University. But it wasn't long before the Air Force asked him again to climb into...

  11. ORSSAB Member Greg Paulus Served His Country, Helped People with...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to do aircraft procurement, and it provided him an opportunity to get an MBA at Central Michigan University. But it wasn't long before the Air Force asked him again to climb into...

  12. http://onlinex.mit.edu/bigdata Registrations by Country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Daniel

    Corporation Riverwood Capital 5) Energy Commission of Nigeria Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu and Herzegovina Guatemala New Zealand South Korea Brazil Hong Kong Nigeria Spain

  13. Industrial Energy Use and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, L.; Martin, N.; Levine, M. D.; Worrell, E.

    types New catalysts Adjustable speed drives Selective stearn cracking membranes High temperature cogeneration and heat pumps Autothermal reforming Pulp and Paper Continuous digester, displacement heatinglbateh digesters, indirect heating...

  14. Towards an Effective Environmental Law for Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Franziska

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of natural resources, biodiversity and protected areas suchNatural Resources, who is in charge of biodiversity issues and protected areas.

  15. Assessing Green Jobs Potential in Developing Countries: A Practitioner...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Use This Tool Training Available Guidebook offers basic instructions; knowledge of econometric techniques recommended Level of Expertise Advanced Key Inputs National statistical...

  16. Energy Efficiency Country Study: Republic Of South Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Can, Stephane de la Rue du

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Free Basic Electricity (FBE) program as explained inalso benefit from the Free Basic Electricity (FBE) program.FBE is part of a government social welfare policy that has

  17. availability market economy countries: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    A&M University - TxSpace Summary: PIPE INSULATION ECONOMIES Robert E. Schilling, P.E. Eaton Corporation Aurora, Ohio ABSTRACT Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer pro gram...

  18. References Electricity in developing countries is extremely limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    dramatically. Features of the Lamp: · Battery, Mechanically, or Electrically powered · All lighting Firelight would be Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) · Doctors Without Borders · World Bank · World to the lamp and used to power the light. · Battery Powered: The light can be powered by a car battery

  19. Country University Restrictions Argentina Instituto Tecnologico de Buenos Aires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    designers Industrial design only France Université de Technologie de Troyes Environmental sciences Melbourne Institute of Technology Australia University of Adelaide Not available: Biotech courses Australia Not available: MBA, Financial economics courses Canada University of Waterloo Also available: Architecture Chila

  20. Principles of petroleum legislation: The case of a developing country

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Qasem, A.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book analyses the development of Petroleum Law in Libya, which enacted legislation over a period of years to cover all aspects of exploration and exploitation of Libya's oil. It gives an account of the stages through which the legislation passed and surveys the practical issues which influenced its development. Contents include: Part 1 General Provisions: 1 Ownership of Petroleum; 2 Administration; 3 Petroleum Zones; 4 Eligibility. Part 2 Exploration Permits: 5 Permits under the Minerals Law and; under the Petroleum Law. Part 3 The Concession: 6 Application and Grant; 7 Working Obligations; 8 Rights under Concessions; 9 Surrender, Assignment, and Termination; 10 Settlement of Disputes. Part 4 Financial Provisions: 11 Fees and Surface Rents; 12 The Royalty; 13 Taxation; 14 Posted Price; 15 Income; 16 Profits; 17 Payment and Measurement of Petroleum; Part 5 Libyanisation of the Industry: 18 Process of Libyanisation.