Sample records for mapp miso pjm

  1. PJM Interconnection (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    PJM (originally Pennsylvania, Jersey, Maryland) Interconnection is a Regional Transmission Organization (RTO) that coordinates the movement of wholesale electricity in all or parts of Delaware,...

  2. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacDonald, Jason

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Interop 2012. Irving, TX. PJM. 2012. Regulation Self Test~/media/markets-ops/ancillary/regd-test- wave.ashx PJM (PJM Interconnection). 2013a. PJM Manual 12: Balancing

  3. QER- Comment of MISO

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Midcontinent Independent System Operator, Inc. (MISO), respectfully submits two studies to the Department of Energy (DOE) for consideration in preparing its Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) on transmission, storage and distribution infrastructure. MISO also presented to DOE on the QER at the Newark, NJ public session held on September 8, 2014. MISO appreciates that opportunity. In addition to the material presented in Newark, MISO recently completed two studies on transmission and energy storage in the MISO footprint, which covers all or parts of 15 states in the middle of the Unites States.

  4. mushroom-miso-gravy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date: Fri, 26 Nov 93 00:52:36 PST From: Michelle Dick TANGY MUSHROOM MISO GRAVY 1 lb mushrooms 1 T balsamic vinegar 3 cups water 1

  5. Bargaining and the MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nokleby, Matthew; Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the pareto boundary for the MISO interference channel,” IEEEinterference in the Gaussian MISO broadcast channel,” inOn maximizing the sum network MISO broadcast capacity,” in

  6. PJM Controller Testing with Prototypic PJM Nozzle Configuration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bontha, Jagannadha R.; Nigl, Franz; Weier, Dennis R.; Leigh, Richard J.; Johnson, Eric D.; Wilcox, Wayne A.; Pfund, David M.; Baumann, Aaron W.; Wang, Yeefoo

    2009-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) is being designed and built to pre-treat and then vitrify a large portion of the wastes in Hanford’s 177 underground waste storage tanks. The WTP consists of three primary facilities—pretreatment, low-activity waste (LAW) vitrification, and high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. The pretreatment facility will receive waste piped from the Hanford tank farms and separate it into a high-volume, low-activity liquid stream stripped of most solids and radionuclides and a much smaller volume of HLW slurry containing most of the solids and most of the radioactivity. Many of the vessels in the pretreatment facility will contain pulse jet mixers (PJM) that will provide some or all of the mixing in the vessels. Pulse jet mixer technology was selected for use in black cell regions of the WTP, where maintenance cannot be performed once hot testing and operations commence. The PJMs have no moving mechanical parts that require maintenance. The vessels with the most concentrated slurries will also be mixed with air spargers and/or steady jets in addition to the mixing provided by the PJMs. Pulse jet mixers are susceptible to overblows that can generate large hydrodynamic forces, forces that can damage mixing vessels or their internal parts. The probability of an overblow increases if a PJM does not fill completely. The purpose of the testing performed for this report was to determine how reliable and repeatable the primary and safety (or backup) PJM control systems are at detecting drive overblows (DOB) and charge vessel full (CVF) conditions. Testing was performed on the ABB 800xA and Triconex control systems. The controllers operated an array of four PJMs installed in an approximately 13 ft diameter × 15 ft tall tank located in the high bay of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) 336 Building test facility. The PJMs were fitted with 4 inch diameter discharge nozzles representative of the nozzles to be used in the WTP. This work supplemented earlier controller tests done on PJMs with 2 inch nozzles (Bontha et al. 2007). Those earlier tests enabled the selection of appropriate pressure transmitters with associated piping and resulted in an alternate overblow detection algorithm that uses data from pressure transmitters mounted in a water flush line on the PJM airlines. Much of that earlier work was only qualitative, however, due to a data logger equipment failure that occurred during the 2007 testing. The objectives of the current work focused on providing quantitative determinations of the ability of the BNI controllers to detect DOB and CVF conditions. On both control systems, a DOB or CVF is indicated when the values of particular internal functions, called confidence values, cross predetermined thresholds. There are two types of confidence values; one based on a transformation of jet pump pair (JPP) drive and suction pressures, the other based on the pressure in the flush line. In the present testing, we collected confidence levels output from the ABB and Triconex controllers. These data were analyzed in terms of the true and noise confidence peaks generated during multiple cycles of DOB and CVF events. The distributions of peak and noise amplitudes were compared to see if thresholds could be set that would enable the detection of DOB and CVF events at high probabilities, while keeping false detections to low probabilities. Supporting data were also collected on PJM operation, including data on PJM pressures and levels, to provide direct experimental evidence of when PJMs were filling, full, driving, or overblowing.

  7. Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public Service Commission, Docket No. EO-05-01 Comments and Answer to Requests for Rehearing Pepco and PJM...

  8. Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy Request for Information Concerning the Potential Need for Potomac River Station Generation Response from PJM...

  9. Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ("FERC" or "Commission"), 18 C.F.R. 385.213, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco") and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") hereby answer the Motion of Robert G....

  10. Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Estimated Load Reductions for PJM’s Small Customer Loadof Estimated Load Reductions for PJM’s Small Customer LoadResponse Pilot Project Prepared for PJM Interconnection, LLC

  11. Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi- input, single-output (MISO) wireless links. The objective generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Sec- tion II. Such an algorithm was previously presented in [3

  12. Optimization of Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Optimization of Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels Rajeev Gangula, Student Member-to-point multiple-input single-output (MISO) communication system is con- sidered when both the transmitter (TX bound on the ergodic rate of MISO channel with beamforming and limited feedback. Feedback bit allocation

  13. Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano Edward W. Knightly 1 Thursday, April 11 difficult to achieve in mobile devices Thursday, April 11, 2013 #12;5 Virtual MISO (vMISO) TX RX vMISO, 2013 #12;1. System Model 1.1. Distributed System 1.2. Single-Antenna Nodes 6 vMISO

  14. Planning for environmental constraints on the PJM system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This chapter provides a snapshot of the existing PJM system and identifies the environmental constraints that form the parameters for the regional approaches analyzed in this study. The chapter begins with a description of the PJM system and the costs and emissions levels of the pollutants under study associated with the reference case (the PJM system configured to meet only Clean Air Act Amendment Phase I SO{sub 2} requirements and the March 1994 NO{sub x} requirements affecting Phase I units){sup 3}. Next, the pollution-reduction scenario assumed for the purpose of the study, which covers the period 1995--2010, is described. Finally, the impacts of this pollution reduction scenario -- emissions that would need to be avoided on the reference case PJM system -- are identified. Modeling methods are described alongside the study`s results. Other chapters discuss: environmental constraints, alternate plans to achieve environmental goals, and comparison of alternate plans.

  15. SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    SPACE WEATHER AND THE INCIDENCE OF REACTIVE "OFF-COST" OPERATIONS IN THE PJM POWER GRID 7.6 Kevin F the price of electricity in the PJM power grid. In this paper we examine one of the mechanisms by which space weather impacts the electricity market in the PJM power grid. The starting point of this paper

  16. PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-077 PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft May, 2000 This paper is part, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;PJM's Capacity Market in a Price-Spike World Steven Stoft 1 May 7, 2000 Abstract PJM's market was designed to rely on a capacity market instead of price-spikes to induce

  17. Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Jiaming

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis, the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary of the achievable rate region is considered over multiple-input single-output(MISO)interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility...

  18. Real-time MISO UWB Radio Testbed and Waveform Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Real-time MISO UWB Radio Testbed and Waveform Design Yu Song, Zhen Hu, Nan Guo, and Robert C. Qiu-input single-output (MISO) ultra-wideband (UWB) radio testbed, which involves Xinlix Virtex-5 Field in indoor environment. The transmitted MISO signals are optimized in the passband with a bandwidth up to 500

  19. Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels With Imperfect ECSI Jing Huang and A. Lee Swindlehurst.huang; swindle}@uci.edu Abstract--This paper studies robust transmission schemes for MISO wiretap channels-input single-output (MISO) wiretap cannels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix was found to be single

  20. Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    1 Blind Channel Estimation for Orthogonal STBC in MISO Systems Elzbieta Beres, and Raviraj Adve-input single-output (MISO) systems, with specific focus on Alamouti's code for two transmit antennas of the received signal. Unlike previous blind estimation schemes for MISO systems, the proposed algorithm

  1. Secure MISO Cognitive Radio System with Perfect and Imperfect CSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Vincent

    Secure MISO Cognitive Radio System with Perfect and Imperfect CSI Taesoo Kwon, Vincent W.S. Wong eavesdrop on the primary link. This paper explores multiple-input single-output (MISO) CR systems where a multiple- input single-output (MISO) beamforming algorithm for the secondary system. However, it only

  2. MISO Broadcast Channels with Confidential Messages and Alternating CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    MISO Broadcast Channels with Confidential Messages and Alternating CSIT Pritam Mukherjee1 , Ravi, Blacksburg, VA 24061 Abstract--We study the two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel-user multiple- input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel with confiden- tial messages (BCCM), in which

  3. Optimizing Feedback in Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Optimizing Feedback in Energy Harvesting MISO Communication Channels Rajeev Gangula1 , David.gunduz@imperial.ac.uk Abstract--In this work,1 we consider the optimization of feedback in a point-to-point MISO channel in the context of a simple multiple antenna system, namely MISO channel, where feedback can be used to improve

  4. Optimal MU-MIMO precoder with MISO decomposition approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Optimal MU-MIMO precoder with MISO decomposition approach Mustapha Amara, Yi Yuan-Wu Orange Labs considered the best existing precoder design algorithm for a MISO multiuser sys- tem proposed in [1 procedure transforming the MU-MIMO channel for each iteration into a MU-MISO channel trough virtual channel

  5. BLIND RECEIVERS FOR MISO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS USING A NONLINEAR PRECODER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BLIND RECEIVERS FOR MISO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS USING A NONLINEAR PRECODER Alain Y. Kibangou GIPSA.Kibangou@ujf-grenoble.fr ABSTRACT In this paper, we propose two blind decoding approaches for multi-input single-output (MISO of simulations. 1. INTRODUCTION Multi-input Single Output (MISO) communication channel modelling occurs when

  6. MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed and Evolving CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed and Evolving CSIT Jinyuan Chen and Petros Elia Mobile--The work considers the two-user MISO broadcast channel with a gradual and delayed accumulation of channel-input single-output broadcast channel (MISO BC) with an M-transmit antenna (M 2) transmitter communicating

  7. MISO Broadcasting FBMC System for Highly Frequency Selective Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    MISO Broadcasting FBMC System for Highly Frequency Selective Channels Michael Newinger, Leonardo G.a.nossek}@tum.de swindle@uci.edu Abstract--In this contribution we propose new techniques for multi-user MISO broadcasting an SDMA approach for the MISO broadcast channel based on Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding. However

  8. Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulukus, Sennur

    Distributed Precoding for MISO Interference Channels with Channel Mean Feedback: Algorithms precoding algorithms for multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where each trans- mitter- antenna wireless interference channels [5]-[7]. For multiple- input single-output (MISO) interference

  9. Dynamic System Performance of SISO, MISO and MIMO Alamouti Schemes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Dynamic System Performance of SISO, MISO and MIMO Alamouti Schemes Dorra Ben Cheikh Battikh , Jean, coupecho, godlewski}@enst.fr Abstract--In this paper, the performance of a SISO system, a 2 × 1 MISO multiplexing tradeoff for a 2 × 1 MISO system. Many other techniques have been proposed to exploit antennas

  10. SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    SINR Balancing and Beamforming for the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Martina Cardone.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--In this paper a K user multi-input single-output (MISO) interference noise contribution (Noisy IFC). We address the MISO downlink (DL) beamformer design and power allocation

  11. Modeling, Analysis, Predictions, and Projections Email: oar.cpo.mapp@noaa.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Earth system models to better simulate the climate system? Can we improve intraseasonal to seasonal mission, MAPP supports the development of advanced Earth system models that can predict climate variations, and the external research community. MAPP Objectives · Improve Earth system models · Achieve an integrated Earth

  12. Beyound 4G : (), () Trends and Advances in Multi-Cell MISO/MIMO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Youngchul

    Beyound 4G : (), () , , Trends and Advances in Multi-Cell MISO/MIMO Technologies LTE-Advanced Beyond 4G . , (multiple-input single-output, MISO) (multiple-input multiple-output, MIMO) , MISO MIMO . . 3G , 4 LTE

  13. Abstract--This paper presents a description of a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) solution for solving the PJM Unit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    for solving the PJM Unit Commitment problem. Included is a description of the Day- ahead market clearing into production use at PJM in August, 2004 [1]. The benefits of the MIP formulation compared to the Lagrangian-mail: dan.streiffert@areva- td.com and russ.philbrick@areva-td.com) Andrew Ott is with PJM Interconnection

  14. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

  15. Energy Factors, Leasing Structure and the Market Price of Office Buildings in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight M.; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    York (several hubs), Ontario, PJM, MISO, ERCOT South, Intocontract delivering into the PJM Western hub. Assuming thatpeak real-time prices posted by PJM Interconnection, LLC, on

  16. Proof of the outage probability conjecture for MISO channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbe, Emmanuel; Telatar, Emre

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In Telatar 1999, it is conjectured that the covariance matrices minimizing the outage probability for MIMO channels with Gaussian fading are diagonal with either zeros or constant values on the diagonal. In the MISO setting, this is equivalent to conjecture that the Gaussian quadratic forms having largest tale probability correspond to such diagonal matrices. We prove here the conjecture in the MISO setting.

  17. Subcarrier Clustering for MISO-OFDM Channels with Quantized Beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santipach, - Wiroonsak

    Subcarrier Clustering for MISO-OFDM Channels with Quantized Beamforming Kritsada Mamat the capacity [1] and link reliability. Thus, many current and future wireless standards are based on multiple antenna. For a multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel, beamforming is a simple and effective method

  18. Distributed multicell-MISO precoding using the layered virtual SINR framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Distributed multicell-MISO precoding using the layered virtual SINR framework Randa Zakhour, way in which the multicell MISO precoders may be designed at each BS in a distributed manner Pareto optimal rates for the MISO Interference Channel (IC); its extension to the multicell MISO channel

  19. Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Alexandria (the "City") have filed letters asserting an imminent breach of the Order. PJM responds to those letters and takes issue both (i) with the assertion of an imminent...

  20. Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    any length of time under normal circumstances. As is true for both the Department and PEPCO, PJM expects Mirant will return with a further refinement of its proposed operating...

  1. The aftermath of primary power and its implications for independent transmission in PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrah, Elias G.; Elstein, S. Shamai

    2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The recent decision by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in ''Primary Power'' will have fundamental ramifications for transmission investment in the far-reaching PJM footprint. This decision, which is pending on rehearing and will likely be appealed, will determine whether transmission projects that are entitled to regulated rate recovery under the PJM tariff can only be built by incumbent transmission owners and whether new independent transmission entities are limited to building transmission projects on a ''merchant'' basis. (author)

  2. Optimal Distributed Beamforming for MISO Interference Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Jiaming; Luo, Zhi-Quan; Cui, Shuguang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the problem of quantifying the Pareto optimal boundary in the achievable rate region over multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channels, where the problem boils down to solving a sequence of convex feasibility problems after certain transformations. The feasibility problem is solved by two new distributed optimal beamforming algorithms, where the first one is to parallelize the computation based on the method of alternating projections, and the second one is to localize the computation based on the method of cyclic projections. Convergence proofs are established for both algorithms.

  3. Enhanced tumor responses through therapies combining CCNU, MISO and radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siemann, D.W.; Hill, S.A.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Studies were performed to determine whether the radiation sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) could enhance the tumor control probability in a treatment strategy combining radiation and the nitrosourea 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU). In initial experiments KHT sarcoma-bearing mice were injected with 1.0 mg/g of MISO simultaneously with a 20 mg/kg dose of CCNU 30-40 min prior to irradiation (1500 rad). With this treatment protocol approximately 60% of the mice were found to be tumor-free 100 days post treatment. By comparison all 2 agent combinations led to 0% cures. To evaluate the relative importance of chemopotentiation versus radiosensitization in the 3 agent protocol, tumors were treated with MISO plus one anti-tumor agent (either radiation of CCNU) and then at times ranging from 0 to 24 hr later exposed to the other agent. When the time between treatments was 0 to 6 hr, a 60 to 80% tumor control rate was achieved for both MISO plus radiation followed by CCNU and MISO plus CCNU followed by radiation. However if the time interval was increased to 18 or 24 hr, the cure rate in the former treatment regimen dropped to 10% while that of the latter remained high at 40%. The data therefore indicate that (1) improved tumor responses may be achieved when MISO is added to a radiation-chemotherapy combination and (2) MISO may be more effective in such a protocol when utilized as a chemopotentiator.

  4. Commercial Building Loads Providing Ancillary Services in PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacDonald, Jason; Kiliccote, Sila; Boch, Jim; Chen, Jonathan; Nawy, Robert

    2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The adoption of low carbon energy technologies such as variable renewable energy and electric vehicles, coupled with the efficacy of energy efficiency to reduce traditional base load has increased the uncertainty inherent in the net load shape. Handling this variability with slower, traditional resources leads to inefficient system dispatch, and in some cases may compromise reliability. Grid operators are looking to future energy technologies, such as automated demand response (DR), to provide capacity-based reliability services as the need for these services increase. While DR resources are expected to have the flexibility characteristics operators are looking for, demonstrations are necessary to build confidence in their capabilities. Additionally, building owners are uncertain of the monetary value and operational burden of providing these services. To address this, the present study demonstrates the ability of demand response resources providing two ancillary services in the PJM territory, synchronous reserve and regulation, using an OpenADR 2.0b signaling architecture. The loads under control include HVAC and lighting at a big box retail store and variable frequency fan loads. The study examines performance characteristics of the resource: the speed of response, communications latencies in the architecture, and accuracy of response. It also examines the frequency and duration of events and the value in the marketplace which can be used to examine if the opportunity is sufficient to entice building owners to participate.

  5. Finite blocklength analysis of the MISO Coherent Block Fading Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Austin Daniel

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Coherent MISO Block Fading Channel is a wireless communication channel model in which the transmitter has access to multiple antennas while the receiver has access to one. This model is becoming increasingly important ...

  6. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO MP MRO MWDRI M&V NYISO PJM PUC RAP RFC RTO RTP SERC AirRTOs such as New England or PJM. In 2005 MISO became theEdison is a member of PJM). Interruptible (Total = 3398, N =

  7. Computational Needs for the Next Generation Electric Grid Proceedings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birman, Kenneth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ott, “Unit commitment in PJM”, Technical Conference on Unit The long? term planning at PJM and MISO in terms of wind as two  exceptions.  In the Midwest, PJM and MISO, and in 

  8. MAPP 7.10 -Procedures for Standardized Training in Animal Care & Use I Training Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnamon, Gordon J.

    MAPP 7.10 - Procedures for Standardized Training in Animal Care & Use I Training Program 1. On behalf of the AUS, the ACVS Research Education Team will: 1.1 Develop appropriate training programs with reference to CCAC requirements; 1.2 Assess the training requirements of all personnel at the University

  9. Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, Michele

    Online Policies for Opportunistic Virtual MISO Routing in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Cristiano in virtual multiple input single output (MISO) trans- missions and space-time block codes have been proposed

  10. Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Spatial Interference Mitigation for Multiple Input Multiple Output Ad Hoc Networks: MISO Gains beamforming for a multiple input single output (MISO) ad hoc network to increase the density of successful

  11. Large System Analysis of Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Large System Analysis of Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited Feedback in MISO broadcast channels with limited feed- back, transmit correlation and path loss. Our analysis

  12. Geometric effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 1; Earth surface potentials computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Towle, J.N. (Diversified EM, Seattle, WA (US)); Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (US)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

    1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes an ionospheric source current model and development of an earth resistivity model used to calculate geomagnetic induced currents (GIC) on the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM). Ionospheric current is modelled as a gaussian distributed current sheet above the earth. Geological details are included by dividing the PJM service area into 11 different earth resistivity regions. The resulting earth surface potential (ESP) at each power system substation is then calculated. A companion paper describes how this ESP is applied to the power system model to calculate the geomagnetic induced current in the power system equipment and facilities.

  13. Virtual MISO Triggers in WiFi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knightly, Edward W.

    Virtual MISO Triggers in WiFi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly ECE Department, Rice University, Houston, TX 77005 Technical Report Abstract--Virtual Multiple-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO

  14. Time Reversal with MISO for Ultra-Wideband Communications: Experimental Results (invited paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    TH2B-1 Time Reversal with MISO for Ultra-Wideband Communications: Experimental Results (invited Output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic problems are investigated experimentally for the first time in electromagnetics. Index Terms -- TR, MISO, UWB, channel reciprocity. I. INTRODUCTION UWB

  15. Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Correlated MISO Broadcast Channels under Linear Precoding algorithm proposed by Christensen et al. in large correlated MISO broadcast channels. We propose a novel maximization. I. INTRODUCTION WE consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC

  16. On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    On Duality in the MISO Interference Channel Francesco Negro, Irfan Ghauri, Dirk T.M. Slock Infineon in a multi-input single- output (MISO) interference channel (IFC) and its dual SIMO with linear transmit (Tx for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

  17. Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis Melissa Duarte, Ashutosh-based study of beamforming Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems. We analyze the performance of beamforming MISO systems taking into account implementation complexity and effects of imperfect channel

  18. Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Asymptotic Analysis of Regularized Zero-Forcing Precoding in MISO Broadcast Channels with Limited analyse the asymptotic sum-rate of regularized zero-forcing (RZF) precoding in MISO broadcast channels equivalent of mfK @zA. III. SYSTEM MODEL Consider the MISO broadcast channel composed of one central

  19. Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knightly, Edward W.

    Virtual MISO Triggers in Wi-Fi-like Networks Oscar Bejarano and Edward W. Knightly ECE Department-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO has the potential to vastly improve wireless link reliability and bit error rates

  20. COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fannjiang, Albert

    COMPRESSIVE INVERSE SCATTERING I. HIGH FREQUENCY SIMO/MISO AND MIMO MEASUREMENTS ALBERT C), multiple-input-single-output (MISO) or multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) measurements is analyzed of the data either with the MIMO measurement for the Born scattering or with the SIMO/MISO measurement

  1. Virtual MISO: Experimental Evaluation of MAC to Network-Scale Factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Virtual MISO: Experimental Evaluation of MAC to Network-Scale Factors Oscar Bejarano and Edward W-Input Single-Output (vMISO) sys- tems distribute multi-antenna diversity capabilities between a sending and a cooperating node. vMISO has been shown to vastly improve wireless link reliability and bit error rates

  2. A Robust RAM-THP Architecture for Downlink Multiuser MISO Transmission with User Scheduling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gulak, P. Glenn

    A Robust RAM-THP Architecture for Downlink Multiuser MISO Transmission with User Scheduling Saeed-Forcing Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding (ZF-THP) for multi-user trans- mission in a multiple-input-single-output (MU-MISO-THP, zero-forcing, multi- user MISO, precoding, scheduling. I. INTRODUCTION Multiple-Input Multiple

  3. Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Sheng Yang, Member Abstract We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect 0, we characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO

  4. Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Sheng Yang, Member Abstract We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO broadcast correlated

  5. On the Fundamental Feedback-vs-Performance Tradeoff over the MISO-BC with Imperfect and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    On the Fundamental Feedback-vs-Performance Tradeoff over the MISO-BC with Imperfect and Delayed--This work considers the multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC), where. Specifically, this work provides a novel DoF region outer bound for the general K- user M ×1 MISO BC

  6. NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simeone, Osvaldo

    NON-CONVEX UTILITY MAXIMIZATION IN GAUSSIAN MISO BROADCAST AND INTERFERENCE CHANNELS M. Rossi, A. M- imization [1] or SINR balancing for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) BC [2], and thus solvable, MISO BC and IC WSRM with general convex power constraint. The proposed BB approach is based

  7. Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Cheng-Xiang

    Energy Efficiency Analysis of MISO-OFDM Communication Systems Considering Power and Capacity efficiency of multi-input single-output and orthogonal frequency division multiplex- ing (MISO problem of MISO-OFDM communication systems, the minimum subchannel transmission power is analyzed

  8. Robust MMSE Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with Imperfect CSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chockalingam, A.

    Robust MMSE Tomlinson-Harashima Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with Imperfect CSI P Abstract--Non-linear precoding for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-linear precoders in the lit- erature. Keywords ­ Multiuser MISO downlink, multiuser interference, imperfect CSI

  9. LINEAR SPACE-TIME PRECODING FOR RICIAN FADING MISO CHANNELS Mai Vu, Arogyaswami Paulraj

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Mai

    LINEAR SPACE-TIME PRECODING FOR RICIAN FADING MISO CHANNELS Mai Vu, Arogyaswami Paulraj Stanford, Australia Email: r.evans@ee.mu.oz.au ABSTRACT We study a space-time precoding technique for MISO wire- less in practice. In this paper, we study a particular space-time coding scheme with memory for Rician MISO

  10. Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels under the Outage Criterion and beamforming codebooks for limited-feedback multiple-input single-output (MISO) wireless systems. The problem focuses on optimal design of single-user limited-feedback systems over multiple-input single-output (MISO

  11. COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR Randa Zakhour and David Gesbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    COORDINATION ON THE MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNEL USING THE VIRTUAL SINR FRAMEWORK Randa Zakhour antenna users, this corresponds to the so-called MISO IC considered among oth- ers in [1, 2). Assuming each transmitter has multiple antennas and each receiver a single antenna, the setting is the MISO

  12. Experimental Results on Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) Time Reversal for UWB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Experimental Results on Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) Time Reversal for UWB Systems with multiple-input single- output (MISO) antennas over ultra-wideband (UWB) channels. In particular, temporal and spatial focusing as well as array gain are studied based on a (4 × 1) MISO scheme in an office environment

  13. Jamming Countermeasures for Multi-User MISO Broadcast Channels -a DoF perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Jamming Countermeasures for Multi-User MISO Broadcast Channels - a DoF perspective SaiDhiraj Amuru the multi-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC) in the presence of jamming attacks is quantified in terms of the degrees-of-freedom (DoF) of the MISO BC under various assumptions regarding

  14. Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Efficient Computation of the Pareto Boundary for the MISO Interference Channel with Perfect CSI,erik.larsson}@isy.liu.se Abstract--We consider the two-user multiple-input single- output (MISO) interference channel and the rate of the IFC is called a multiple-input single-output (MISO) This work was supported in part by the Swedish

  15. FPGA Based UWB MISO Time-Reversal System Design and Implementation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    FPGA Based UWB MISO Time-Reversal System Design and Implementation Yu Song, Nan Guo, Zhen Hu and implementation of ultra-wideband (UWB) multiple-input single-output (MISO) time-reversal system are presented. The implementation is based on field programmable gate array (FPGA). The combination of MISO with UWB time

  16. UWB MISO Time Reversal With Energy Detector Receiver Over ISI Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    UWB MISO Time Reversal With Energy Detector Receiver Over ISI Channels Nan Guo, John Q. Zhang investigates a multiple input single output (MISO) time reversal system for ultra-wideband (UWB) communication channel model for antenna array related study. Numerical results suggest that the proposed MISO time

  17. Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Venkata Sreekanta@ee.iitm.ac.in Abstract-- We determine the minimum outage probabil- ity of multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels control. I. INTRODUCTION The minimum outage probability of multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels

  18. A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

    A Cross-Layer Framework for Exploiting Virtual MISO Links in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks Gentian requiring the deployment of physical antenna arrays. Virtual MISO entails the simultaneous transmission. We present a novel multilayer approach for exploiting virtual MISO links in ad hoc networks

  19. Optimization of Feedback in a MISO Downlink with Energy Harvesting Users

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uysal-Biyikoglu, Elif

    Optimization of Feedback in a MISO Downlink with Energy Harvesting Users Mahdi Shakiba channel states) in order to maximize certain throughput goals. While the MISO chan- nel capacity from to the energy budget of the users. Note that in the Multi Input Single Output (MISO) channel (with m antennas

  20. QoS-Constrained Robust Beamforming in MISO Wiretap Channels with a Helper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    QoS-Constrained Robust Beamforming in MISO Wiretap Channels with a Helper Jing Huang and A. Lee for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap chan- nels with a helper. The channel state information (CSI]­[8]. In particular, for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels, the optimal transmit covariance matrix

  1. Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    1 Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability K. M. Ho , D,mochaourab}@ifn.et.tu-dresden.de Abstract-- This paper considers the multiple-input- single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) in which the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are designed

  2. IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO for Ultrawideband

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 5, 2006 1 Time Reversal With MISO applications. UWB multiple input­single output (MISO) is enabled by the use of the TR scheme. Two basic. Index Terms--Channel reciprocity, multiple input­single output (MISO), time reversal (TR), ultrawideband

  3. ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    ON THE USAGE OF ANTENNAS IN MIMO AND MISO INTERFERENCE CHANNELS Mariam Kaynia , Andrea J. Goldsmith case of a MISO chan- nel is considered, where exact expressions for the ergodic capac- ity of the capacity of a MISO broadcast channel with a random beamformer is derived. However, the impact

  4. BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BLIND CHANNEL IDENTIFICATION OF MISO SYSTEMS BASED ON THE CP DECOMPOSITION OF CUMULANT TENSORS algorithm for identifying the parameters of MISO sys- tem. 1. INTRODUCTION We consider the following-Input Single-Output (MISO) channel, y[n] is the output signal. Signals and system are assumed to be complex

  5. Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Coordination on the MISO Interference Channel Using the Virtual SINR Framework Randa Zakhour David;Outline Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Motivation Cooperation in multi-cell/link systems MISO IC System Model and Performance Measures Virtual SINR

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 60, NO. 6, JUNE 2014 3593 Retroactive Antijamming for MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    for MISO Broadcast Channels SaiDhiraj Amuru, Student Member, IEEE, Ravi Tandon, Member, IEEE, Richard and increased power consumption. In this paper, we consider the multiple-input single-output (MISO) broadcastF) of the MISO BC under various assumptions regarding the availability of the channel state information (CSIT

  7. Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Beamforming for the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel via UL-DL Duality Francesco Negro.negro@eurecom.fr, dirk.slock@eurecom.fr Abstract--SINR duality is shown in a multi-input single- output (MISO) downlink for the IFC. We show that SINR duality under the sum power constraint nevertheless holds in the MISO IFC

  8. BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai (Shitz)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldar, Yonina

    BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE MISO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai for exploiting this multiple in- put single output (MISO) channel are space time coding, and beamforming (BF]. The capacity achieving transmit technique in MISO chan- nels with additive Gaussian noise is signaling using

  9. Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ben-Yakar, Adela

    Closed Loop System with Feedback Control MISO control laws SISO control law Switching Control demand · Two control modes for wind turbine: MISO & SISO · Proportional Integral (PI) feedback control Modes MISO SISO Inputs Blade Pitch Angle, Generator Torque Blade Pitch Angle Output Power Power

  10. ICI Canceling Space-Frequency Block Code for MISO-OFDM in Fast Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Hoon

    ICI Canceling Space-Frequency Block Code for MISO-OFDM in Fast Fading Channels Jae Yeun Yun, Eui}@ee.kaist.ac.kr Abstract-- An intercarrier interference (ICI) canceling technique for multiple-input single-output (MISO) at the receiver for multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems. The code design is based on the approximated

  11. Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L. Honig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Honig, Michael L.

    Distributed Interference Pricing with MISO Channels Changxin Shi, Randall A. Berry, and Michael L an interference channel consisting of multi-input, single- output (MISO) wireless links. The objective] can be directly generalized to a MISO network, as shown in Section II. Such an algorithm

  12. Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels with Limited Feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    Joint Power Control and Beamforming Codebook Design for MISO Channels with Limited Feedback Behrouz-input single-output (MISO) wireless systems with a rate-limited feedback link. The problem is cast in the form-output (MISO) channel with channel state information at the receiver (CSIR) and a noiseless delay-free feedback

  13. Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    Weighted Sum Rate Maximization in the Underlay Cognitive MISO Interference Channel Laurent Gallo) maximization for a K-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) cognitive Interference Channel (IFC) with linear studied in a non-cognitive scenario for the MISO inter- ference channel (IFC) in [3], where a distributed

  14. Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Teng Joon

    Outage Probability of MISO Broadcast Systems with Noisy Channel Side Information Alon Shalev output (MISO) systems. However, these schemes generally require perfect channel information) of a linear zero forcing transmitter, operating in a fading MISO broadcast channel. We consider a rectangular

  15. Mean-Variance Optimal Linear Precoders for Random MISO Broadcast Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Teng Joon

    Mean-Variance Optimal Linear Precoders for Random MISO Broadcast Channels Alon Shalev Housfater the problem of designing linear pre- coders for Gaussian multiple input, single output (MISO) broad- cast (BC and constraint functions. I. INTRODUCTION Random MISO BC channels are powerful models for the practical scenario

  16. MISO time reversal and delay spread compression for FWA channels at 5GHz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papanicolaou, George C.

    MISO time reversal and delay spread compression for FWA channels at 5GHz Persefoni Kyritsi, Member (MISO) can reduce the delay spread of the channel impulse response by a factor of 2-3, depending transmitter instead. The paper is structured as follows. Section II describes the concept of TR in a MISO

  17. Experimental Demonstration of Time-Reversal MISO and MIMO Arrays with IEEE 802.11g

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stancil, Daniel D.

    Experimental Demonstration of Time-Reversal MISO and MIMO Arrays with IEEE 802.11g Devices through-- A practical demonstration of IEEE 802.11g trans- missions using time-reversal antenna arrays in MISO and MIMO with great potential for use in MISO (multiple-input single output) arrays [5, 6]. In this work we present

  18. Blind identification of MISO-FIR channels Carlos Est^ev~ao R. Fernandes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Blind identification of MISO-FIR channels Carlos Est^ev~ao R. Fernandes , Pierre Comon , G, vol.90 Abstract In this paper, we address the problem of determining the order of MISO channels to false alarm. Afterwards, we introduce the concept of MISO channel nested detectors based on a deflation

  19. An Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, Dmitri

    1 An Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) Protocol for Multi-hop Wireless Networks Van Nguyen-utilized and performance is not maximized. In this work, we propose the Opportunistic Virtual MISO (OVM) protocol for multi-hop wireless networks. OVM combines virtual MISO (using space- time block codes) and cooperative diversity

  20. 1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Mai

    1268 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 59, NO. 5, MAY 2011 MISO Capacity with Per scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information--Per-antenna power, MISO capacity, MISO wire- less, beamforming. I. INTRODUCTION THE capacity of a MIMO wireless

  1. Reviewing progress in PJM's capacity market structure via the new reliability pricing model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sener, Adil Caner; Kimball, Stefan

    2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Reliability Pricing Model introduces significant changes to the capacity market structure of PJM. The main feature of the RPM design is a downward-sloping demand curve, which replaces the highly volatile vertical demand curve. The authors review the latest RPM structure, results of the auctions, and the future course of the implementation process. (author)

  2. The impact of FERC orders on the value of bidders in PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peters, Lon L.

    2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A study of the responses of share prices of major bidders in the PJM auctions from the mid-1990s through 2006 finds statistically significant effects for some FERC decisions for a portfolio of bidders. In contrast to publicly stated policy objectives, the analysis shows that some FERC decisions significantly raised market expectations regarding the future profitability of bidders. (author)

  3. The role of the ISO in U.S. electricity markets: A review of restructuring in California and PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cameron, L. [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States)] [Economics Resource Group, Boston, MA (United States); Cramton, P. [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)] [Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)

    1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite their design differences, both the California and the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) markets provide explicit roles for competition in the scheduling functions while allowing the independent system operator (ISO) to manage the spot market. Experience has shown that both can work. This article discusses the California and PJM approaches in an attempt to shed light on the controversy over the ISO`s role in pre-dispatch phases of the market. Section 1 describes the California market and Section 2 briefly review PJM. Section 3 outlines the costs and benefits associated with limiting the ISO`s role in the scheduling phases of the market. Section 4 summarizes recent experience in California and PJM and offers some conclusions.

  4. 50 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 On Ergodic Secrecy Rate for MISO Wiretap Broadcast Channels with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    50 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 On Ergodic Secrecy Rate for MISO-input single-output (MISO) broadcast channel. We consider an extension of the model in [1], where a multiple MODEL AND ASSUMPTIONS We consider a MISO wiretap broadcast channel with M antennas at the BS, K mobile

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 62, NO. 4, FEBRUARY 15, 2014 993 Adaptive Limited Feedback for MISO Wiretap

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    Feedback for MISO Wiretap Channels With Cooperative Jamming Minyan Pei, A. Lee Swindlehurst, Fellow, IEEE--Cooperative jamming, feedback bits allocation, limited feedback, MISO wiretap channel. I. INTRODUCTION P HYSICAL layer for mul- tiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels, which have Manuscript received May 30, 2013

  6. Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paulraj, Arogyaswami

    Stanford University Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Exploiting Partial Channel Knowledge at the Transmitter in MISO and MIMO Wireless SPAWC 2003 Rome, Italy June 18 Exploiting Channel Knowledge at the Tx in MISO and MIMO Wireless Outline Introduction · Perfect CSI

  7. SMSE PRECODER DESIGN IN A MULTIUSER MISO SYSTEM WITH LIMITED FEEDBACK Muhammad Nazmul Islam and Raviraj Adve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    SMSE PRECODER DESIGN IN A MULTIUSER MISO SYSTEM WITH LIMITED FEEDBACK Muhammad Nazmul Islam in the downlink of a multi-user (MU) multiple input single output (MISO) sys- tem with quantized channel state MISO linear transceivers that exist in the limited feedback literature. Second, we show analytically

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 56, NO. 3, MAY 2007 1197 An Interleave-Division-Multiplexing MISO System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ping, Li

    -Division-Multiplexing MISO System With Partial CSI at Transmitter Chuxiang Li, Kai Li, Xiaodong Wang, Senior Member, IEEE-division-multiplexing (IDM) multiple-input­ single-output (MISO) system with partial channel state information (CSI the performance of such an IDM-MISO system. In particular, an SNR tracking method is proposed to calculate

  9. BEAMFORMING AND PAPR REDUCTION FOR MISO-OFDM SYSTEMS Jingon Joung, Eui-Rim Jeong, and Yong H. Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Hoon

    BEAMFORMING AND PAPR REDUCTION FOR MISO-OFDM SYSTEMS Jingon Joung, Eui-Rim Jeong, and Yong H. Lee single-output (MISO) orthogonal frequency division multiplex- ing (OFDM) systems with beamforming, peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), multiple- input single-output (MISO), beamforming. 1. INTRODUCTION

  10. DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED-CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME: A SIMPLE OPTIMAL SCHEME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    DEGREES OF FREEDOM IN THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED-CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME: A SIMPLE OPTIMAL the multi-input single-output (MISO) Broadcast Channel (BC), the multi-user (MU) downlink in a cell scheme was proposed in [9] for the time cor- related MISO broadcast channel with 2 users. This scheme

  11. A Low-Complexity Precoder for Large Multiuser MISO Systems Saif K. Mohammed, A. Chockalingam, and B. Sundar Rajan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Anurag

    A Low-Complexity Precoder for Large Multiuser MISO Systems Saif K. Mohammed, A. Chockalingam, and B--In this paper, we consider the problem of precoding in large multiuser MISO systems, where by `large' we mean i user has one receive antenna. Such large MISO systems will be of immense interest because of the high

  12. 170 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 61, NO. 1, JANUARY 1, 2013 Competing for Secrecy in the MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    in the MISO Interference Channel S. Ali A. Fakoorian, Member, IEEE, and A. Lee Swindlehurst, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--A secure communication game is considered for the two-user MISO Gaussian interference channel parameters on the NE strategies. Index Terms--Game theory, information theory, interference channel, MISO

  13. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kilowatt-hour Midwest Independent System Operator megawattPJM), Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO), New Yorkin 2009. The Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) (net

  14. On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT Mari consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has partial knowledge estimation. However, many wireless applications must guarantee high-data rate and reliable commu- nication

  15. Beamforming in MISO Systems: Empirical Results and EVM-based Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duarte, Melissa; Dick, Chris; Rao, Raghu

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an analytical, simulation, and experimental-based study of beamforming Multiple Input Single Output (MISO) systems. We analyze the performance of beamforming MISO systems taking into account implementation complexity and effects of imperfect channel estimate, delayed feedback, real Radio Frequency (RF) hardware, and imperfect timing synchronization. Our results show that efficient implementation of codebook-based beamforming MISO systems with good performance is feasible in the presence of channel and implementation-induced imperfections. As part of our study we develop a framework for Average Error Vector Magnitude Squared (AEVMS)-based analysis of beamforming MISO systems which facilitates comparison of analytical, simulation, and experimental results on the same scale. In addition, AEVMS allows fair comparison of experimental results obtained from different wireless testbeds. We derive novel expressions for the AEVMS of beamforming MISO systems and show how the AEVMS relates to important system ...

  16. Contrasts in restructuring wholesale electric markets: England/Wales, California, and the PJM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henney, A.

    1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The ways in which the British, the Californians, and the members of the Pennsylvania-Jersey-Maryland Pool (PJM) are restructuring their electric industries and designing markets provide fascinating political and technical contrasts with each other, particularly insofar as all three markets are roughly the same size, with energy sales of about 250--300 terawatt hours (TWh) annually. There have been significant differences in the drivers of change, objectives, and leadership, the legacies of the past, and the process of design, which are discussed in the first three sections. The fourth section describes the market designs in England and Wales, California, and the PJM, while the concluding section draws out the lessons of experience. While these lessons include specific principles regarding the objectives and structure of power exchanges, the maintenance of system stability and power transport, and the achieving of generation reliability, they also include several overarching conclusions. Perhaps chief among them, as will be clear from the discussion of the restructuring experience on both sides of the Atlantic, is that major restructurings can only be led by a public authority and will be successful in implementation only if that authority has a clear and realistic vision of where it wants to go.

  17. Networks, deregulation, and risk : the politics of critical infrastructure protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Ryan Nelson

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO) PJM Interconnection, key players in the outage, the Task Force found multiple violations of NERC’s voluntary reliability

  18. A Test of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for Energy Storage and Frequency Regulation in the PJM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    A Test of Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) for Energy Storage and Frequency Regulation in the PJM System energy storage for intermittent but renewable resources such as wind and solar. The results of the study frequent dispatch. The primary revenue in both of these markets is for capacity rather than energy

  19. 528 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 2, MAY 2003 Experience with PJM Market Operation, System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    Terms--Electricity market, locational marginal pricing. I. INTRODUCTION PJM OPERATES the world's largest of locational marginal pricing (LMP). II. DAY-AHEAD ENERGY MARKET The day-ahead market provides market on the differences in Locational Marginal Prices between the transac- tion source and sink locations. Load serving

  20. Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from the PJM regional transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Did geomagnetic activity challenge electric power reliability during solar cycle 23? Evidence from through 30 April 2004. During this time period PJM coordinated the movement of wholesale electricity of challenged reliability is the incidence of out-of-economic-merit order dispatching due to adverse reactive

  1. Mass Market Demand Response and Variable Generation Integration Issues: A Scoping Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis. Presentation given to PJM Interconnection Markete.g. , ISO-NE, NYISO, PJM, MISO, ERCOT, and CAISO). Co-also elect to participate in PJM’s day-ahead and/or real-

  2. Field Testing of Automated Demand Response for Integration of Renewable Resources in California's Ancillary Services Market for Regulation Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Market Report: New York ISO. 2010. PJM, State of theMarket Report for PJM: Ancillary Service Markets. 2010Maryland Interconnection (PJM) and Midwest ISO (MISO) all

  3. Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LSE MISO M-RETS MSW MW MWh PJM POU PRC PSC PUC PV REC RPSelectric service provider PJM Generation Attributes Trackingwaste megawatt megawatt-hour PJM Interconnection publicly

  4. Robust Precoder for Multiuser MISO Downlink with SINR Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ubaidulla, P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we consider linear precoding with SINR constraints for the downlink of a multiuser MISO (multiple-input single-output) communication system in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI). The base station is equipped with multiple transmit antennas and each user terminal is equipped with a single receive antenna. We propose a robust design of linear precoder which transmits minimum power to provide the required SINR at the user terminals when the true channel state lies in a region of a given size around the channel state available at the transmitter. We show that this design problem can be formulated as a Second Order Cone Program (SOCP) which can be solved efficiently. We compare the performance of the proposed design with some of the robust designs reported in the literature. Simulation results show that the proposed robust design provides better performance with reduced complexity.

  5. On Ergodic Secrecy Capacity for Gaussian MISO Wiretap Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiangyuan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Gaussian multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, where there exists a transmitter equipped with multiple antennas, a legitimate receiver and an eavesdropper each equipped with a single antenna. We study the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that achieves ergodic secrecy capacity subject to a power constraint where only statistical information about the eavesdropper channel is available at the transmitter. This is a non-convex optimization problem that is in general difficult to solve. Existing results address the case in which the eavesdropper or/and legitimate channels have independent and identically distributed Gaussian entries with zero-mean and unit-variance, i.e., the channels have trivial covariances. This paper addresses the general case where eavesdropper and legitimate channels have nontrivial covariances. A set of equations describing the optimal input covariance matrix are proposed along with an algorithm to obtain the solution. Based on this framew...

  6. MISO Capacity with Per-Antenna Power Constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vu, Mai

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We establish in closed-form the capacity and the optimal signaling scheme for a MISO channel with per-antenna power constraint. Two cases of channel state information are considered: constant channel known at both the transmitter and receiver, and Rayleigh fading channel known only at the receiver. For the first case, the optimal signaling scheme is beamforming with the phases of the beam weights matched to the phases of the channel coefficients, but the amplitudes independent of the channel coefficients and dependent only on the constrained powers. For the second case, the optimal scheme is to send independent signals from the antennas with the constrained powers. In both cases, the capacity with per-antenna power constraint is usually less than that with sum power constraint.

  7. Independent review of estimated load reductions for PJM's small customer load response pilot project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, G.; Moezzi, M.; Goldman, C.

    2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study describes the results of a low-cost approach used to measure reported load reductions from a residential electric water heater (EWH) load control program operated as part of PJM Interconnection's Demand Response small customer pilot program. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) conducted this independent review of the engineering estimates for EWH load control reported by a Curtailment Service Provider (CSP) at PJM's request. LBNL employed low-cost measurement and verification (M&V) approaches that utilized existing interval metering equipment to monitor results for a series of load control tests. The CSP collected hourly load data for two substations and several hundred households over a six-week period in October and November 2003. During this time period, the CSP operated its electric water heater load control program during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems signifiogram during pre-specified test periods in the morning, afternoon and early evening. LBNL then analyzed substation and premise-level data from these tests in order to verify the diversified demand reductions claimed by the CSP for customers participating in the EWH load control program. We found that the observed load reductions for the premise-level data aggregated over all households in the two participating electric cooperatives were, respectively, 40 percent-60 percent less and 3 percent less-10 percent higher than the estimated diversified demand reduction values assumed by the CSP, depending on whether observed or normalized results are considered. We also analyzed sub-station level data and found that the observed load reductions during the test periods were significantly lower than expected, although confounding influences and operational problems significantly limit our ability to differentiate between control-related and non-control related differences in substation-level load shape data. The usefulness and accuracy of the results were hampered by operational problems encountered during the measurement period as well as in sufficient number of load research grade interval meters at one cooperative. Given the larger sample size at one electric cooperative and more statistically-robust results, there is some basis to suggest that the Adjusted Diversified Demand Factor (ADDF) values used by the CSP somewhat over-state the actual load reductions. Given the results and limitations of the M&V approach as implemented, we suggest several options for PJM to consider: (1) require load aggregators participating in ISODR programs to utilize formal PURPA-compliant load research samples in their M&V plans, and (2) continue developing lower cost M&V approaches for mass market load control programs that incorporate suggested improvements described in this study.

  8. Deemed Savings Estimates for Legacy Air Conditioning and WaterHeating Direct Load Control Programs in PJM Region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldman, Charles

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During 2005 and 2006, the PJM Interconnection (PJM) Load Analysis Subcommittee (LAS) examined ways to reduce the costs and improve the effectiveness of its existing measurement and verification (M&V) protocols for Direct Load Control (DLC) programs. The current M&V protocol requires that a PURPA-compliant Load Research study be conducted every five years for each Load-Serving Entity (LSE). The current M&V protocol is expensive to implement and administer particularly for mature load control programs, some of which are marginally cost-effective. There was growing evidence that some LSEs were mothballing or dropping their DLC programs in lieu of incurring the expense associated with the M&V. This project had several objectives: (1) examine the potential for developing deemed savings estimates acceptable to PJM for legacy air conditioning and water heating DLC programs, and (2) explore the development of a collaborative, regional, consensus-based approach for conducting monitoring and verification of load reductions for emerging load management technologies for customers that do not have interval metering capability.

  9. 1696 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 60, NO. 4, APRIL 2012 Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    in MISO Channels Based on Worst-Case Optimization Jing Huang, Student Member, IEEE, and A. Lee-output (MISO) wiretap channels. Both the cases of direct transmission and cooperative jamming with a helper messages can be reliably transmitted to the receiver and kept perfectly secret from the eavesdropper

  10. Empirical Validation of Energy-Neutral Operation on Wearable Devices by MISO Beamforming of IEEE 802.11ac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinozuka, Masanobu

    Empirical Validation of Energy-Neutral Operation on Wearable Devices by MISO Beamforming of IEEE.11ac's multiple input, single output (MISO) structure to focus the transmit power to im- prove environments, and they can act as a reliable source by emit- ting RF power in a controlled manner. Although RF

  11. An In-situ materials analysis particle probe (MAPP) diagnostic to study particle density control and hydrogenic fuel retention in NSTX

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allain, Jean Paul [University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign] (ORCID:000000031348262X)

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A new materials analysis particle probe (MAPP) was designed, constructed and tested to develop understanding of particle control and hydrogenic fuel retention in lithium-based plasma-facing surfaces in NSTX. The novel feature of MAPP is an in-situ tool to probe the divertor NSTX floor during LLD and lithium-coating shots with subsequent transport to a post-exposure in-vacuo surface analysis chamber to measure D retention. In addition, the implications of a lithiated graphite-dominated plasma-surface environment in NSTX on LLD performance, operation and ultimately hydrogenic pumping and particle control capability are investigated in this proposal. MAPP will be an invaluable tool for erosion/redeposition simulation code validation.

  12. Robust Downlink Beamforming in Multiuser MISO Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gharavol, Ebrahim A; Mouthaan, Koenraad

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies the problem of robust downlink beamforming design in a multiuser Multi-Input Single-Output (MISO) Cognitive Radio Network (CR-Net) in which multiple Primary Users (PUs) coexist with multiple Secondary Users (SUs). Unlike conventional designs in CR-Nets, in this paper it is assumed that the Channel State Information (CSI) for all relevant channels is imperfectly known, and the imperfectness of the CSI is modeled using an Euclidean ball-shaped uncertainty set. Our design objective is to minimize the transmit power of the SU-Transmitter (SU-Tx) while simultaneously targeting a lower bound on the received Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise-Ratio (SINR) for the SU's, and imposing an upper limit on the Interference-Power (IP) at the PUs. The design parameters at the SU-Tx are the beamforming weights, i.e. the precoder matrix. The proposed methodology is based on a worst case design scenario through which the performance metrics of the design are immune to variations in the channels. We propose thr...

  13. A Robust Artificial Noise Aided Transmit Design for Miso Secrecy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Qiang

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers an artificial noise (AN) aided secrecy rate maximization (SRM) problem for a multi-input single-output (MISO) channel overheard by multiple single-antenna eavesdroppers. We assume that the transmitter has perfect knowledge about the channel to the desired user but imperfect knowledge about the channels to the eavesdroppers. Therefore, the resultant SRM problem is formulated in the way that we maximize the worst-case secrecy rate by jointly designing the signal covariance ${\\bf W}$ and the AN covariance ${\\bf \\Sigma}$. However, such a worst-case SRM problem turns out to be hard to optimize, since it is nonconvex in ${\\bf W}$ and ${\\bf \\Sigma}$ jointly. Moreover, it falls into the class of semi-infinite optimization problems. Through a careful reformulation, we show that the worst-case SRM problem can be handled by performing a one-dimensional line search in which a sequence of semidefinite programs (SDPs) are involved. Moreover, we also show that the optimal ${\\bf W}$ admits a rank-one str...

  14. Hard X-ray observations of Cygnus X-1 with the Miso telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The black hole candidate Cygnus X-1 was observed in the hard X-ray - soft gamma-ray energy range by the Miso telescope on two different occasions: in September 1979 and May 1980. Two hard X-ray states of the source have beem measured: in 1979 the observed spectrum confirms the superlow state measured in the same period by the HEAO-3 satellite, while in 1980 the Miso X-ray data are consistent with the so-called low state of Cygnus X-1. In both occasions, no gamma-ray excess has been observed above 200 keV. 9 references.

  15. May 1980 low energy gamma-ray observations with the MISO telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    During a balloon flight of the MISO telescope on 1980 May 17, the Crab Nebula and the Seyfert galaxy NGC 4151 were studied over the photon energy range 0.03-16 MeV. The photon spectrum of the Crab Nebula was measured up to approximately 2 MeV. No gamma-ray emission from NGC 4151 was detected on this occasion.

  16. Effect in the KHT sarcoma of CCNU and MISO on cell cycle progression evaluated by flow-cytometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, S.A.; Bauer, K.D.; Keng, P.C.; Siemann, D.W.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous studies using the KHT sarcoma have shown that misonidazole (MISO) enhances the cytotoxicity of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) by as much as a factor of 2.0. In the present study flow cytometry was used to monitor the changing DNA distributions of cells dissociated from solid tumors at successive times following treatment with CCNU, applied either alone or in combination with 0.5 mg/g MISO. The proportion of cells in late S and the G/sub 2/M phases of the cell cycle increased gradually after CCNU treatment. MISO did not significantly change this block in cell progression, which persisted for at least 48 hr after treatment in all cases. CCNU shows marked carbamoylating activity, which has been associated with inhibition of RNA processing and with the degree of chemopotentiation achieved with MISO. By 24 hr after treatment, CCNU clearly altered the distribution of RNA, but no significant differences could be detected between results obtained from drug and drug plus sensitizer treated groups. These studies demonstrate the effect of CCNU on cell cycle progression in vivo. The addition of MISO did not result in further perturbation of the total tumor population, suggesting that cell cycle redistribution does not play a major role in chemopotentiation by MISO.

  17. Beamforming on the MISO interference channel with multi-user decoding capability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Z K M; Jorswieck, E; Mochaourab, R

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers the multiple-input-single-output interference channel (MISO-IC) with interference decoding capability (IDC), so that the interference signal can be decoded and subtracted from the received signal. On the MISO-IC with single user decoding, transmit beamforming vectors are classically designed to reach a compromise between mitigating the generated interference (zero forcing of the interference) or maximizing the energy at the desired user. The particularly intriguing problem arising in the multi-antenna IC with IDC is that transmitters may now have the incentive to amplify the interference generated at the non-intended receivers, in the hope that Rxs have a better chance of decoding the interference and removing it. This notion completely changes the previous paradigm of balancing between maximizing the desired energy and reducing the generated interference, thus opening up a new dimension for the beamforming design strategy. Our contributions proceed by proving that the optimal rank of the...

  18. Outage Rate Regions for the MISO Interference Channel: Definitions and Interpretations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lindblom, Johannes; Larsson, Erik G

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the slow-fading two-user multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel (IC), where the receivers treat the interference as additive Gaussian noise. We study the rate points that can be achieved, allowing a non-zero outage probability. The points which meet the outage probability specification constitute a so-called outage rate region. There exist several definitions of the outage rate regions for the IC, as for the broadcast and the multiple-access channels. We give four definitions for the outage region of the MISO IC. The definitions differ on whether the rates are declared in outage jointly or individually and whether there is instantaneous or statistical channel state information (CSI) at the transmitters. For the statistical CSI scenario, we discuss how to find the outage probabilities in closed form. We provide interpretations of the definitions and compare the corresponding regions via analytical and numerical results.

  19. Degrees of Freedom of Time Correlated MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Sheng; Gesbert, David; Yi, Xinping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has imperfect knowledge on the current channel state, in addition to delayed channel state information. By representing the quality of the current channel state information as P^-{\\alpha} for the signal-to-noise ratio P and some constant {\\alpha} \\geq 0, we characterize the optimal degree of freedom region for this more general two-user MISO broadcast correlated channel. The essential ingredients of the proposed scheme lie in the quantization and multicasting of the overheard interferences, while broadcasting new private messages. Our proposed scheme smoothly bridges between the scheme recently proposed by Maddah-Ali and Tse with no current state information and a simple zero-forcing beamforming with perfect current state information.

  20. Decision Models for Bulk Energy Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    : · MISO (St. Paul/Carmel ­ Dale Osborn/Paul Gribik) · PJM (Philadelphia - Ott/Ford) · Iowa utility board dissemination on their website: · www.pjm.org is probably the very best for information · www

  1. NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    thus far * 10114 NAESB BPS ATC Project Kick Off * 107 - 10814 NAESB BPS Meeting (MISO - Carmel, IN) * 1028 - 102914 NAESB BPS Meeting (PJM - Valley Forge, PA) Future...

  2. Evolution of the Midwest ISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    -Transmission Owning Members Marketers · Allegheny Energy Supply · American Electric Power Co. · Automated Power Transmission System Operator, Inc. MAPP Fall Conference August 28, 2002 #12;Overview · General Background Information · MISO Today · MISO Evolution #12;General Background Information #12;General Utility Background

  3. Explicit Solution of Worst-Case Secrecy Rate for MISO Wiretap Channels with Spherical Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jiangyuan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channel model is considered, that includes a multi-antenna transmitter, a single-antenna legitimate receiver and a single-antenna eavesdropper. For the scenario in which spherical uncertainty for both the legitimate and the eavesdropper channels is included, the problem of finding the optimal input covariance that maximizes the worst-case secrecy rate subject to a power constraint, is considered, and an explicit expression for the maximum worst-case secrecy rate is provided.

  4. Hard x-ray observations of Cygnus X-1 with the MISO telescope

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perotti, F.; Della Ventura, A.; Villa, G.; Bassani, L.; Butler, R.C.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of hard x-ray, soft gamma-ray observations of the galactic black hole candidate, Cyg X-1, taken with the MISO telescope in October 1979 and May 1980 are presented, confirming the superlow state measured during September-October 1979 by the HEAO 3 satellite. The 1980 observation coincides with a low- to high-state transition and is consistent with HEAO 3 observations taken at the same epoch. No gamma-ray counting-rate excess above 200 keV was recorded in either observation. Apart from these two measurements, the observation of the Crab Nebula as an a posteriori calibration source is also described. 15 references.

  5. On the Degrees of Freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel with delayed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kobayashi, Mari; Gesbert, David; Yi, Xinping

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the time correlated MISO broadcast channel where the transmitter has partial knowledge on the current channel state, in addition to delayed channel state information (CSI). Rather than exploiting only the current CSI, as the zero-forcing precoding, or only the delayed CSI, as the Maddah-Ali-Tse (MAT) scheme, we propose a seamless strategy that takes advantage of both. The achievable degrees of freedom of the proposed scheme is characterized in terms of the quality of the current channel knowledge.

  6. PJM©2012 Minimum Generation Alert PJM Actions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evaluate Schedules (including; Prior Light; Load Period

    – To provide alert that system conditions may require the use of emergency procedures as a result of generation exceeding demand. • Trigger – When expected generation levels approach 2,500 MW of normal generation limits.

  7. Full Diversity Codes for MISO Systems Equipped with Linear or ML Detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jing; Wong, Kon Max

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a general criterion for space time block codes (STBC) to achieve full-diversity with a linear receiver is proposed for a wireless communication system having multiple transmitter and single receiver antennas (MISO). Particularly, the STBC with Toeplitz structure satisfies this criterion and therefore, enables full-diversity. Further examination of this Toeplitz STBC reveals the following important properties: a) The symbol transmission rate can be made to approach unity. b) Applying the Toeplitz code to any signalling scheme having nonzero distance between the nearest constellation points results in a non-vanishing determinant. In addition, if QAM is used as the signalling scheme, then for independent MISO flat fading channels, the Toeplitz codes is proved to approach the optimal diversity-vs-multiplexing tradeoff with a ZF receiver when the number of channel uses is large. This is, so far, the first non-orthogonal STBC shown to achieve the optimal tradeoff for such a receiver. On the other han...

  8. Coordinated Beamforming for Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under Rate Outage Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies the coordinated beamforming design problem for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) interference channel, assuming only channel distribution information (CDI) at the transmitters. For a given requirement on the rate outage probability for receivers, we aim to maximize the system utility (e.g., the weighted sum rate, weighted proportional fairness rate, and the weighed harmonic mean rate) subject to the rate outage constraints and individual power constraints. The outage constraints, however, lead to a complicated, nonconvex structure for the considered beamforming design problem and make the optimization problem difficult to handle. While this nonconvex optimization problem can be solved in an exhaustive search manner, this brute-force approach is only feasible when the number of transmitter-receiver pairs is small. For a system with a large number of transmitter-receiver pairs, computationally efficient alternatives are necessary. The focus of this paper is hence on the design of such e...

  9. Robust Secure Transmission in MISO Channels Based on Worst-Case Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jing

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper studies robust transmission schemes for multiple-input single-output (MISO) wiretap channels. Both the cases of direct transmission and cooperative jamming with a helper are investigated with imperfect channel state information (CSI) for the eavesdropper links. Robust transmit covariance matrices are obtained based on worst-case secrecy rate maximization, under both individual and global power constraints. For the case of an individual power constraint, we show that the non-convex maximin optimization problem can be transformed into a quasiconvex problem that can be efficiently solved with existing methods. For a global power constraint, the joint optimization of the transmit covariance matrices and power allocation between the source and the helper is studied via geometric programming. We also study the robust wiretap transmission problem for the case with a quality-of-service constraint at the legitimate receiver. Numerical results show the advantage of the proposed robust design. In particular, ...

  10. Source Optimization in MISO Relaying with Channel Mean Feedback: A Stochastic Ordering Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Minhua

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper investigates the optimum source transmission strategy to maximize the capacity of a multiple-input single-output (MISO) amplify-and-forward relay channel, assuming source-relay channel mean feedback at the source. The challenge here is that relaying introduces a nonconvex structure in the objective function, thereby excluding the possible use of previous methods dealing with mean feedback that generally rely on the concavity of the objective function. A novel method is employed, which divides the feasible set into two subsets and establishes the optimum from one of them by comparison. As such, the optimization is transformed into the comparison of two nonnegative random variables in the Laplace transform order, which is one of the important stochastic orders. It turns out that the optimum transmission strategy is to transmit along the known channel mean and its orthogonal eigenchannels. The condition for rank-one precoding (beamforming) to achieve capacity is also determined. Our results subsume th...

  11. Outage Constrained Robust Transmit Optimization for Multiuser MISO Downlinks: Tractable Approximations by Conic Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Kun-Yu; Chang, Tsung-Hui; Ma, Wing-Kin; Chi, Chong-Yung

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we consider a probabilistic signal-to-interference and-noise ratio (SINR) constrained problem for transmit beamforming design in the presence of imperfect channel state information (CSI), under a multiuser multiple-input single-output (MISO) downlink scenario. In particular, we deal with outage-based quality-of-service constraints, where the probability of each user's SINR not satisfying a service requirement must not fall below a given outage probability specification. The study of solution approaches to the probabilistic SINR constrained problem is important because CSI errors are often present in practical systems and they may cause substantial SINR outages if not handled properly. However, a major technical challenge is how to process the probabilistic SINR constraints. To tackle this, we propose a novel relaxation- restriction (RAR) approach, which consists of two key ingredients-semidefinite relaxation (SDR), and analytic tools for conservatively approximating probabilistic constraints. Th...

  12. How to Fully Exploit the Degrees of Freedom in the Downlink of MISO Systems With Opportunistic Beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xia, Minghua; Kim, Soo-Chang

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The opportunistic beamforming in the downlink of multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems forms $N$ transmit beams, usually, no more than the number of transmit antennas $N_t$. However, the degrees of freedom in this downlink is as large as $N_t^2$. That is, at most $N_t^2$ rather than only $N_t$ users can be simultaneously transmitted and thus the scheduling latency can be significantly reduced. In this paper, we focus on the opportunistic beamforming schemes with $N_tMISO systems over Rayleigh fading channels. We first show how to design the beamforming matrix with maximum number of transmit beams as well as least correlation between any pair of them as possible, through Fourier, Grassmannian, and mutually unbiased bases (MUB) based constructions in practice. Then, we analyze their system throughput by exploiting the asymptotic theory of extreme order statistics. Finally, our simulation results show the Grassmannian-based beamforming achieves the maximum ...

  13. Survival in subpopulations of cells derived from solid KHT sarcomas by centrifugal elutriation following treatment with CCNU and MISO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hill, S.A.; Keng, P.C.; Siemann, D.W.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Misonidazole (MISO) has been shown to enhance the cytotoxicity of 1-(2-chloroethyl)-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitrosourea (CCNU) in a number of different animal tumor systems. The authors have investigated the response to therapy of the various subpopulations of cells comprising the KHT sarcoma, to determine whether chemopotentiation occurred as a preferential enhancement of killing in one subpopulation of cells. Twenty-four hr after drug treatment, cells dissociated from solid tumors were separated into homogeneous populations based on cell size by the technique of centrifugal elutriation. Clonogenic cell survival was measured for each elutriated fraction. In vivo treatment with MISO produced no measurable cell-kill across the cell cycle. Those cells in late G/sub 1/ and S phase 24 hr after treatment were most sensitive to CCNU alone. The enhancement of CCNU cytotoxicity by MISO occurred primarily in the early G/sub 1/ and S fractions. These data suggest that chemopotentiation does not occur equally in all tumor cell subpopulations and that some specificity of enhanced cell killing exists.

  14. Recent blackouts in US and continental Europe: is liberalisation to blame?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bialek, Janusz

    2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    —but it did affect Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) performance as reliability coordinator, even though PJM is the reliability coordinator for the DPL line. One of MISO’s primary system condition evaluation tools, its state estimator, was unable... an effective state estimator, MISO was unable to perform contingency analyses of generation and line losses within its reliability zone. Therefore, through 15:34 EDT MISO could not determine that with Eastlake 5 down, other transmission lines would overload...

  15. Ber analysis of iterative turbo encoded miso wireless communication system under implementation of q-ostbc scheme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kabir, M Hasnat; Zaman, Mustari; Rashed, Md Golam

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, a comprehensive study has been made to evaluate the performance of a MISO wireless communication system. The 4-by-1 spatially multiplexed Turbo encoded system under investigation incorporates Quasi-orthogonal space-time block coding (Q-STBC) and ML signal detection schemes under QPSK, QAM, 16PSK and 16QAM digital modulations. The simulation results elucidate that a significant improvement of system performance is achieved in QAM modulation. The results are also indicative of noticeable system performance enhancement with increasing number of iterations in Turbo encoding/decoding scheme.

  16. System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect CSIR Prediction Summary Spatial and Temporal Power Allocation for MISO Systems with Delayed Feedback Srikrishna) feedback #12;System model Scope of Work Short term power constraint Long term power constraint Imperfect

  17. Optimal Use of Current and Outdated Channel State Information - Degrees of Freedom of the MISO BC with Mixed CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gou, Tiangao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a multiple-input-single-output (MISO) broadcast channel with mixed channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) that consists of imperfect current CSIT and perfect outdated CSIT. Recent work by Kobayashi et al. presented a scheme which exploits both imperfect current CSIT and perfect outdated CSIT and achieves higher degrees of freedom (DoF) than possible with only imperfect current CSIT or only outdated CSIT individually. In this work, we further improve the achievable DoF in this setting by incorporating additional private messages, and provide a tight information theoretic DoF outer bound, thereby identifying the DoF optimal use of mixed CSIT. The new result is stronger even in the original setting of only delayed CSIT, because it allows us to remove the restricting assumption of statistically equivalent fading for all users.

  18. A convex approximation approach to Weighted Sum Rate Maximization of Multiuser MISO Interference Channel under outage constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-Chiang; Lin, Che; Chi, Chong-Yung

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper considers weighted sum rate maximization of multiuser multiple-input single-output interference channel (MISO-IFC) under outage constraints. The outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem is a nonconvex optimization problem and is difficult to solve. While it is possible to optimally deal with this problem in an exhaustive search manner by finding all the Pareto-optimal rate tuples in the (discretized) outage-constrained achievable rate region, this approach, however, suffers from a prohibitive computational complexity and is feasible only when the number of transmitter-receive pairs is small. In this paper, we propose a convex optimization based approximation method for efficiently handling the outage-constrained weighted sum rate maximization problem. The proposed approximation method consists of solving a sequence of convex optimization problems, and thus can be efficiently implemented by interior-point methods. Simulation results show that the proposed method can yield near-optim...

  19. IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    : namely, CAISO, ERCOT, ISO-NE, MISO, NYISO, PJM, and SPP. Over the years, however, a variety definitions omit many services important for ensuring the efficient and reliable operation of power systems

  20. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    kilowatt-hour Midwest Independent System Operator megawattPJM), Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO), New YorkN/A (NSP) Midwest Independent System Operator N/A N/A (

  1. Single-User Beamforming in Large-Scale MISO Systems with Per-Antenna Constant-Envelope Constraints: The Doughnut Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohammed, Saif Khan

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large antenna arrays at the base station (BS) has recently been shown to achieve remarkable intra-cell interference suppression at low complexity. However, building large arrays in practice, would require the use of power-efficient RF amplifiers, which generally have poor linearity characteristics and hence would require the use of input signals with a very small peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). In this paper, we consider the single-user Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) downlink channel for the case where the BS antennas are constrained to transmit signals having constant envelope (CE). We show that, with per-antenna CE transmission the effective channel seen by the receiver is a SISO AWGN channel with its input constrained to lie in a doughnut-shaped region. For single-path direct-line-of-sight (DLOS) and general i.i.d. fading channels, analysis of the effective doughnut channel shows that under a per-antenna CE input constraint, i) compared to an average-only total transmit power constrained MISO chan...

  2. MISO_Renewable_template

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetterEconomyDr. ErnestMID-CAREER RETIREMENT

  3. PJM Interconnection, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump to: navigation, searchPGDT JumpPA

  4. Lessons from a Comparative Analysis of California and PJM Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delaware, University of

    .4 Market Performance Before the State's Crisis:1998-1999......................11 2.4.1 Wholesale Market.1.1 High Wholesale Prices.................................................................15 3..................................................................................16 3.2.1 Mismatch: Wholesale and Retail Electricity Prices.....................17 3.2.2 Lack

  5. TRANSPORT OF WASTE SIMULANTS IN PJM VENT LINES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Qureshi, Z

    2007-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental work was conducted to determine whether there is a potential for waste simulant to transport or 'creep' up the air link line and contaminate the pulse jet vent system, and possibly cause long term restriction of the air link line. Additionally, if simulant creep occurred, establish operating parameters for washing down the line. The amount of the addition of flush fluids and mixer downtime must be quantified.

  6. PJM Presentation - The Silver Bullet: Storage! (July 12, 2011) | Department

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferAprilOverviewEfficiencyofHSSPIA - I-Manage STARS PIA - I-Manage STARSof

  7. Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse(Expired) |CERCLACompensation »

  8. Property:EIA/861/RtoPjm | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve

  9. Pepco and PJM Interconnection Comments on District of Columbia Public

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1 TermoelectricaPaving the pathPeople's Equal Action and26,May

  10. PJM Interconnection, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympia GreenThesourceOvertonPEPCOPERI Green

  11. Estructura y funciones de un operador independiente

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    .......................................................................................................................................20 3.3 CASO PJM

  12. Workshop in Regulation &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Consultant, PJM Interconnection, "RPM: Reliability Pricing Model: A New Proposal from PJM" Mark Babula

  13. Nachlass Ruth Alexander -Zeilberger: Mappe IV: Singspiel, verfasst von Ruth Alexander in Mnchen, 1936/37

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeilberger, Doron

    Kinderheim, als auch einzelne Betreuerin- nen gewürdigt. Tante Gerti zum Beispiel sorgt nicht nur für den

  14. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO, 2006) 2: MISO Reliability "Footprint" (Source: ICF,for power. Figure 2: MISO Reliability "Footprint" (Source:resources as part of the MISO reliability planning process.

  15. Beamforming and Rate Allocation in MISO Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tajer, Ali; Wang, Xiaodong

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider decentralized multi-antenna cognitive radio networks where secondary (cognitive) users are granted simultaneous spectrum access along with license-holding (primary) users. We treat the problem of distributed beamforming and rate allocation for the secondary users such that the minimum weighted secondary rate is maximized. Such an optimization is subject to (1) a limited weighted sum-power budget for the secondary users and (2) guaranteed protection for the primary users in the sense that the interference level imposed on each primary receiver does not exceed a specified level. Based on the decoding method deployed by the secondary receivers, we consider three scenarios for solving this problem. In the first scenario each secondary receiver decodes only its designated transmitter while suppressing the rest as Gaussian interferers (single-user decoding). In the second case each secondary receiver employs the maximum likelihood decoder (MLD) to jointly decode all secondary transmissions, and in the t...

  16. Robust Monotonic Optimization Framework for Multicell MISO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of multiuser systems is both difficult to measure fairly and to solve optimally. Most resource allocation problems are non-convex, even under simplifying assumptions such as perfect channel knowledge, homogeneous channel properties among users, and simple power constraints. Herein, we establish a general optimization framework that systematically solves these problems to global optimality. The proposed branch-reduce-and-bound (BRB) algorithm handles general multicell downlink systems with single-antenna users, multiantenna transmitters, arbitrary linear power constraints, and robustness to channel uncertainty. The problem of robust optimization with fairness-profile is solved at each iteration, which is a quasi-convex problem and a novel generalization of regular max-min fairness. The BRB algorithm is in general computationally costly, but it shows far better convergence than the previously known outer polyblock approximation algorithm. Our framework is suitable for computing benchmarks in gen...

  17. Linear Beamforming for the Spatially Correlated MISO broadcast channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raghavan, Vasanthan; Hanly, Stephen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A spatially correlated broadcast setting with M antennas at the base station and M users (each with a single antenna) is considered. We assume that the users have perfect channel information about their links and the base station has only statistical information about each user's link. The base station employs a linear beamforming strategy with one spatial eigen-mode allocated to each user. The goal of this work is to understand the structure of the beamforming vectors that maximize the ergodic sum-rate achieved by treating interference as noise. In the M = 2 case, we first fix the beamforming vectors and compute the ergodic sum-rate in closed-form as a function of the channel statistics. We then show that the optimal beamforming vectors are the dominant generalized eigenvectors of the covariance matrices of the two links. It is difficult to obtain intuition on the structure of the optimal beamforming vectors for M > 2 due to the complicated nature of the sum-rate expression. Nevertheless, in the case of asym...

  18. Property:EIA/861/IsoMiso | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation,PillarPublicationType JumpDOEInvolve JumpallowedAltFuelVehicle Jump

  19. EA-343 Midwest Independent Transmission Operator (MISO) | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised Finding of No53197EFindingEA-257-CEA-296-B22

  20. EA-343 Midwest Independent Transmission Operator (MISO) | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China 2015 Business42.1Energy |Final Site-WideBPAPowerEE US No.SubsidaryShellEnergy

  1. Geomagnetic effects modelling for the PJM interconnection system. Part 2; Geomagnetically induced current study results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prabhakara, F.S.; Hannett, L.N.; Ringlee, R.J. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z. (PJM Interconnection, Norristown, PA (US))

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a computer program for calculation of geomagnetically induced current (GIC) and a GIC power system model for the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection is described in this paper. Results of GIC for three different ionospheric source configurations are shown. A new method is presented for estimating GIC in unmetered parts of the system based on a few measurements and precalculated geomagnetic disturbance conditions. The use of an interactive, menu driven GIC program to study mitigation concepts including the effects of line outages, line series capacitors, transformer neutral blocking resistors and transformer neutral blocking capacitors is also presented.

  2. Using restructured electricity markets in the hydrogen transition: The PJM case

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felder, F.A.; Hajos, A. [Rutgers State University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States)

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine a hydrogen transition strategy of using excess electric generation capacity in the U.S. midatlantic states during off-peak hours to produce hydrogen via electrolysis. Four different generation technologies are evaluated: combined-cycle natural gas, nuclear power, clean coal, and pulverized coal. We construct hydrogen-electricity price curves for each technology and evaluate the resulting air emissions of key pollutants. Substantial capital investments may be avoided by leveraging off generation assets that would otherwise be built to produce electricity. We also account for the interaction between the production of hydrogen and wholesale electricity prices and demand. Results show that off-peak electrolysis is a plausible but not dominant strategy for hydrogen production; however, there may be a substantial real option value in using the electric power system to transition to a hydrogen economy that may exceed the direct cost savings of producing hydrogen by less expensive methods.

  3. Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport(FactDepartment ofLetter Report: I11IG002RTC3 | ofproposalof

  4. Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof Enhanced Dr. JuliaPOINTRespond to

  5. Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof Enhanced Dr. JuliaPOINTRespond

  6. Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR - T enAmountCammie Croft SeniorDepartment2015NEA-2011-02 |of

  7. Response by PJM to letters from the City of Alexandria and the Virginia

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department ofEMSpentResidential ClothesRespond26, 2 0 0J u

  8. Response from PJM Interconnection LLC and Pepco to Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011 Strategic2 OPAM615_CostNSAR -Department ofEMSpentResidential ClothesRespond26, 2 0

  9. Where has Electricity Demand Growth Gon in PJM and What are the Implications?

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14TotalTheE. Great Basin Oil andBOEWest4 Paul M.

  10. Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33Frequently20,000 RussianBy:Whether you're a16-17,2-13) AllDepartmentof EnergyMarch 25,for athe

  11. Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company amd PJM

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOil & Gas » MethaneJohnson Controls EnergyJoin theFuel CellPoint #2

  12. Preliminary Response of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to the Operating Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin of Contamination in235-1DepartmentPreheatedDepartmentofEA-97-12 | DepartmentProgramof

  13. Motion to Intervene and Initial Comments of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy ChinaofSchaeferApril 1,(EAC)TABLE OFDepartment of EnergyOreille County, Washington)

  14. Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: The Future of1Albuquerque, NMPerformanceofEnergy 51 Annualthe October 6, 2005

  15. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM Interconnection, Northwest,

  16. Developing State and National Evaluation Infrastructures- Guidance for the Challenges and Opportunities of EM&V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Steven R.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rtfAdmin@nwcouncil.org PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &such as ISO New England and PJM Regional Transmission

  17. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Midwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions.the The queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, MidwestMidwest, Mountain, Texas, PJM, SPP, and Northwest regions:

  18. National Energy Efficiency Evaluation, Measurement and Verification (EM&V) Standard: Scoping Study of Issues and Implementation Requirements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schiller, Steven R.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rebatesincentives/ief/ PJM Forward Market Operations 2010. "PJM Manual 18B: Energy Efficiency Measurement &Independent System Operator 13 and PJM Regional Transmission

  19. Analysis of Wind Power and Load Data at Multiple Time Scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Katie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    29   Appendix A. PJM Windat Multiple Time Scales Appendix A. PJM Wind Data The windpower data for the PJM control area cover the period January

  20. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2004) Entrepreneur, “PJM scheduling software saves customersHerling, S. R. , VP-Planning, PJM, Norristown, PA, privateimplementations in the PJM markets,” HEPG Forty-Ninth

  1. F. Gavarini "Quantization of Poisson groups"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavarini, Fabio

    ­266, http://pjm.berkeley.edu/pjm/1998/186-2/pjm-v186-n2-p02-p.pdf INTRODUCTION "Dualitas dualitatum et omnia

  2. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEM O&M PJM POU PPA PTC PUC REC RFI RPSoperations and maintenance PJM Interconnection publiclyis planned for the Midwest, PJM Interconnection, Texas,

  3. Joint Maintenance Status Report of Potomac Electric Power Company...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    amd PJM Interconnection, LLC Docket No. EO-05-01: Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco") and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM") hereby jointly submit this Maintenance...

  4. Blackout of 2003: Description and Responses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Operator (MISO), National Electric Reliability Council, New York Times (including transcripts from the MISO

  5. An Approximate Dynamic Programming Algorithm for the Allocation of High-Voltage Transformer Spares in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    David Egan PJM Interconnection May 25, 2009 #12;Abstract This paper addresses the problem of allocating that are operated by PJM Intercon- nection (PJM). PJM operates the electric grid in all or parts of Delaware

  6. Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    22, 2009. Norristown, PA: PJM Interconnection, LLC, 2009.opennat.asp? fileID=11833372 PJM Interconnection, LLC.ISO New England (ISO-NE), and PJM Interconnection (PJM). The

  7. The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    systems (NEPOOL GIS and PJM-EIS GATS) and three statein New England and the PJM region (see below for discussionmanual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATS PJM-EIS GATS manual

  8. Recommended Entry Requirements for the International Foundation Year

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Jim

    Secondary Education Certificate) ­ 80% \\\\soton.ac.uk\\home\\windows\\pjm\\mydocuments\\pjm\\LASS IFY to study Law. \\\\soton.ac.uk\\home\\windows\\pjm\\mydocuments\\pjm\\LASS IFY\\ADMIN\\APPLICATIONS ADMISSIONS

  9. Optimal_Performance_of_Hybrid_Generation_2011-05-24

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ... 26 Exhibit 10 Real-Time Locational Marginal Price (PJM 912009 - 972009) ... 27 Exhibit 11 Wind Power (PJM...

  10. The evolution of postpollination reproductive isolation in Costus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yost, Jenn M.; Kay, Kathleen M.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evol Biol 18:568 Maas PJM (1972) Costoideae (Zingiberaceae).New York, USA Maas PJM (1977) Renealmia (Zingiberaceae-

  11. Formalisms for Describing Dissipation P. J. Morrison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrison, Philip J.,

    . Metriplectic Dynamics · incomplete (Brockett, Vallis et al. (1989)) · complete (PJM, Kaufman, Grmela (1985 Integral Transform (PJM, Pfirsch,

  12. Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Available at http://www.ucei.org. PJM Interconnection Marketmarket-monitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf.

  13. Feedback reduction techniques and fairness in multi-user MIMO broadcast channels with random beamforming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pugh, Matthew Owen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of transmit beamforming for miso systems with imperfectand temporally correlated miso channels in the presence ofmultiple-input single-output (MISO) chan- nels. The effects

  14. Design and analysis of MIMO systems with practical channel state information assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Jun

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Comparison with Optimal MISO CSI-Quantizers . . . . . . 9655 Capacity Analysis of MISO Systems with Finite-Rate CSIAnalysis of MISO CSI Quantizers with Mismatched Codebooks

  15. Large wireless networks : fundamental limits and design issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minero, Paolo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels between allnumber of independent MISO channels given by (2.8), rathercapacities of the individual MISO channels between the nodes

  16. Performance analysis of interference suppression techniques for multiple antenna systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amihood, Patrick

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pre-BLAST-DFE Technique for MISO Channels with DecentralizedPrecoding Operating over MISO Frequency Selec- tive Fadingon a Nonlinear Precoder for MISO Channels with Decentralized

  17. Feedback, power control, and beamforming : methods for situational aware wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Yichao

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Outage balancing in multiuser MISO networks: network dualityOutage balancing in multiuser MISO networks: network dualitywith partial feedback for MISO downlink transmission using

  18. The Cost of Transmission for Wind Energy: A Review of Transmission Planning Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2007. “Inclusion of Wind in the MISO Transmission Expansionhttp://www.jcspstudy.org/ Midwest ISO (MISO). 2007. Midwest+Planning Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest Transmission

  19. Topological Interference Management through Index Coding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafar, Syed A

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Degrees of freedom of the MISO BC with mixed CSIT,” IEEEof freedom of time correlated MISO broadcast channel withof alternating CSIT for the MISO BC,” IEEE Transactions on

  20. Widely linear equalization for MIMO and SISO communications systems using filter banks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pun, Ka Shun Carson

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Selective MISO Channel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .input-single- output (MISO) channel is not fully addressed.system in a frequency selective MISO channel and the WLE

  1. Exploiting Heterogeneous Channel Coherence Intervals for Blind Interference Alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jafar, Syed Ali

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the degrees of freedom of MISO broadcast channels withtrend, are listed below. 1. MISO BC with no CSIT for onemultiple input single output (MISO) broadcast channel (BC)

  2. Mifepristone and Misoprostol Administered Simultaneously Versus 24 Hours Apart for Abortion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creinin, Mitchell David

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mifepristone in combination with miso- prostol administeredA randomized comparison of miso- prostol 6 to 8 hours versusmifepristone 200 mg and vaginal miso- prostol for abortion.

  3. A CRITICAL REVIEW OF WIND TRANSMISSION COST ESTIMATES FROM MAJOR TRANSMISSION PLANNING EFFORTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Porter, Kevin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Report.pdf Midwest ISO (MISO). 2003. Midwest TransmissionConference September 2007 MISO. 2007. Midwest Transmission2006 SDG&E Midwest ISO (MISO) ISO/RTO February 2007 MISO '06

  4. NAGOYA UNIVERSITY GLOBAL 30 INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMSPrinted in March 2014 Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya, 464-8601, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takahashi, Ryo

    include miso-nikomi-udon (Nagoya-style udon noodles with miso soup) and miso-katsu (fried pork cutlets with rich red miso sauce). Nagoya cuisine is also well known for a variety of chicken dishes

  5. CafeMol (www.cafemol.org) Features are;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fukai, Tomoki

    /sh #PJM ­L "rscgrp=small" small, large, interactive #PJM ­L "node=1" small: 1-12nodes #PJM ­mpi "proc=1" # of mpi parallelization #PJM ­L "elapse=1:00:00" small: -3:00:00 #PJM ­j merge std output and stderr

  6. RNA Splicing Regulation in Drosophila melanogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Angela Norie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Another method called MISO (Katz et al. 2010) performs thisand then quantified, while MISO requires an a priori set of

  7. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    states and three NERC reliability regions. MISO is the firstmulti-reliability-region operation. Membership in the MISO-

  8. A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    initiated by the MISO reliability coordinator have rankedreliability coordinators. In addition, the severity of the TLRs called by MISO

  9. Addressing Energy Demand through Demand Response: International Experiences and Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New England 13 and the PJM Interconnection 14 . According toGW. The current size of the PJM system is approximately 165markets, most notably in the PJM Interconnection and ISO-New

  10. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the Midwest, Texas, Southwest, and PJM regions: wind in the52 GW), SPP (48 GW), and PJM (43 GW) account for over 70% ofThe queues surveyed include PJM Interconnection, Midwest

  11. Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    12: Market Impacts of Price Responsive Load in PJM and ISO-44 Figure 15: PJM Synchronized Reserve Scheduled MW:particularly those in PJM’s service territory, have begun

  12. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? An Exploration of Policy Options and Practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    GATS) being developed by PJM-Environmental InformationQFs by the utilities at the PJM billing rate (the marginalwas still under development by PJM (the BPU has subsequently

  13. REGULATION AND SYSTEM INTERDEPENDENCE: EFFECTS ON THE SITING OF CALIFORNIA ELECTRICAL ENERGY FACILITIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kooser, J.C.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    calculated by a special PJM algorithm based on the MAJORYork State Power Pool (1966) 4. PJM Pennsylvania-New Jersey-familiar with NEPEX and PJM. Kaprielian Interview. Perry, p.

  14. The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    every five minutes. The hourly PJM real time market price iscomposite five-minute prices. PJM also administers a day-and Pennsylvania use the PJM real-time market as the basis

  15. Mapping radii of metric spaces # George M. Bergman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, George Mark

    to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236­2/pjm­v236­n2­p02­s.pdf . Dedicated to the memory

  16. Measuring Short-term Air Conditioner Demand Reductions for Operations and Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bode, Josh

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    017F.PDF KEMA, Inc. 2011. PJM Empirical Analysis of DemandMethods. Prepared for the PJM Markets Implementation~/media/markets-ops/dsr/pjm-analysis-of-dr-baseline-methods-

  17. Economic Consequences of Alternative Solution Methods for Centralized Unit Commitment in Day-Ahead Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sioshansi, Ramteen; O'Neill, Richard; Oren, Shmuel S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    have led several ISOs, such as PJM, to implement MIP-basedsolution found is optimal. PJM, for instance, allows its MIPbe employed. Nonetheless, PJM currently relies on B&B, and

  18. Real-time high-resolution X-ray imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance study of the hydration of pure and Na-doped C3A in the presence of sulfates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirchheim,, A. P.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1992. 9. Mehta PK, Monteiro PJM. Concrete - Microstructure,Emwas c , J. L. Provis d and P.J.M. Monteiro e a Department16. Silva DA, Monteiro PJM. Early Formation of Ettringite in

  19. The Summer of 2006: A Milestone in the Ongoing Maturation of Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopper, Nicole; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Engel, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Response – What’s Happening in PJM? Demand Response: CaseEdison (ConEd) Mid-Atlantic • PJM Interconnection • PEPCOERCOT, ISO-NE, NYISO and PJM—offered a range of economic and

  20. Mapping radii of metric spaces George M. Bergman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, George Mark

    to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236-2/pjm-v236-n2-p02-s.pdf . Dedicated to the memory

  1. What China Can Learn from International Experiences in Developing a Demand Response Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Bo

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    be able to be met). In PJM, the largest regional wholesalewhen called upon to do so. (e.g. PJM ELRP, IMO WA) Ancillarymarket energy price. (e.g. PJM SRM, UK STOR) Source: DOE (

  2. Switchable cell trapping using superparamagnetic beads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan, M. T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    exchange constant, A = 13 pJm , saturation magnetization M sCMW, where A was increased to 39 pJm in the finely meshedregion (A = 390 pJm elsewhere). Lower A in CMW resulted in a

  3. Localized Plasticity in the Streamlined Genomes of Vinyl Chloride Respiring Dehalococcoides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McMurdie, Paul J.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Conceived and designed the experiments: PJM SFB FEL AMS.Performed the experiments: PJM SFB KMR.Analyzed the data: PJM SFB JAM JG KMR RW EG AL SH FEL AMS.

  4. F. Gavarini "Quantization of Poisson groups"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gavarini, Fabio

    ­266, http://pjm.berkeley.edu/pjm/1998/186-2/pjm-v186-n2-p02-p.pdf ABSTRACT Let G be a connected simply

  5. The Role of Demand Response in Default Service Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Chuck; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Pennsylvania use the PJM real-time spot market price tosince the hourly real-time PJM prices are not known untilfive minutes. The hourly PJM price is a weighted average of

  6. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Operations, Brendan Kirby, ORNL/TM-2006-512, July. PJM 2005.Whitepaper on PJM Forward Energy Reserve: A Centralized CallManager, Retail Markets, PJM Interconnection LLC, January

  7. Coordination of Energy Efficiency and Demand Response

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commitment. In May 2009, PJM announced results of itsin this auction, with PJM accepting 569 MW of efficiencyseparately to ISO-NE and PJM. The ISO/RTO program rules do

  8. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing Support Retail Competition and Demand Response?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper, Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    other states are indexed to the PJM real-time energy market.Pricing New Jersey Maryland PJM region* NYISO region ISO-NEpenetration data for the PJM region as a whole in addition

  9. Estimating Demand Response Load Impacts: Evaluation of Baseline Load Models for Non-Residential Buildings in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Katie; Piette, Mary Ann; Goldman, Charles; Kiliccote, Sila

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LBNL  Report  Number 58178.   [PJM 2007] Amended and Operating Agreement of PJM Interconnection LLC,  effective U.S.  ISO/RTOs (e.g. , NYISO, PJM, ISO?NE) in their DR 

  10. Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Orlando, FL: Dryden Press, 1988. PJM Interconnection Marketmonitor/downloads/mmu- reports/pjm-som-2004.pdf. FIGURE 1:gures are taken from the PJM (2005), pages 82-83. California

  11. Electricity Merger Policy in the Shadow of Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard J; Newberry, David M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland (PJM) electricity wholesalehour of the next day. The PJM also solicits real-time bidseffects of a merger in the PJM region should consider price

  12. The Treatment of Renewable Energy Certificates, Emissions Allowances, and Green Power Programs in State Renewables Portfolio Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Edward A.; Wiser, Ryan H.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    systems (NEPOOL GIS and PJM-EIS GATS) and three stateCurrently Used manual manual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATSPJM-EIS GATS manual manual NEPOOL GIS PJM-EIS GATS NEPOOL

  13. Degrees-of-Freedom Region of the MISO Broadcast Channel with General Mixed-CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jinyuan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the setting of the two-user broadcast channel, recent work by Maddah-Ali and Tse has shown that knowledge of prior channel state information at the transmitter (CSIT) can be useful, even in the absence of any knowledge of current CSIT. Very recent work by Kobayashi et al., Yang et al., and Gou and Jafar, extended this to the case where, instead of no current CSIT knowledge, the transmitter has partial knowledge, and where under a symmetry assumption, the quality of this knowledge is identical for the different users' channels. Motivated by the fact that in multiuser settings, the quality of CSIT feedback may vary across different links, we here generalize the above results to the natural setting where the current CSIT quality varies for different users' channels. For this setting we derive the optimal degrees-of-freedom (DoF) region, and provide novel multi-phase broadcast schemes that achieve this optimal region. Finally this generalization incorporates and generalizes the corresponding result in Maleki e...

  14. Optimal and Robust Transmit Designs for MISO Channel Secrecy by Semidefinite Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Qiang

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years there has been growing interest in study of multi-antenna transmit designs for providing secure communication over the physical layer. This paper considers the scenario of an intended multi-input single-output channel overheard by multiple multi-antenna eavesdroppers. Specifically, we address the transmit covariance optimization for secrecy-rate maximization (SRM) of that scenario. The challenge of this problem is that it is a nonconvex optimization problem. This paper shows that the SRM problem can actually be solved in a convex and tractable fashion, by recasting the SRM problem as a semidefinite program (SDP). The SRM problem we solve is under the premise of perfect channel state information (CSI). This paper also deals with the imperfect CSI case. We consider a worst-case robust SRM formulation under spherical CSI uncertainties, and we develop an optimal solution to it, again via SDP. Moreover, our analysis reveals that transmit beamforming is generally the optimal transmit strategy for SR...

  15. Non-Convex Utility Maximization in Gaussian MISO Broadcast and Interference Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rossi, M; Simeone, O; Haimovich, A M

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utility (e.g., sum-rate) maximization for multiantenna broadcast and interference channels (with one antenna at the receivers) is known to be in general a non-convex problem, if one limits the scope to linear (beamforming) strategies at transmitter and receivers. In this paper, it is shown that, under some standard assumptions, most notably that the utility function is decreasing with the interference levels at the receivers, a global optimal solution can be found with reduced complexity via a suitably designed Branch-and-Bound method. Although infeasible for real-time implementation, this procedure enables a non-heuristic and systematic assessment of suboptimal techniques. A suboptimal strategy is then proposed that, when applied to sum-rate maximization, reduces to the well-known distributed pricing techniques. Finally, numerical results are provided that compare global optimal solutions with suboptimal (pricing) techniques for sum-rate maximization problems, leading to insight into issues such as the robus...

  16. The generation fleet in MISO is being affected by time, fuel...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Power Plan 111(b) & (d) Nature of Regulation Mercury and Air Toxics Standards Cross State Air Pollution Rule and Cooling Water Regulations (316(b)) New air quality standards Coal...

  17. Microsoft PowerPoint - MISO-SPP Market Impacts HydPwrConf 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville PowerCherries 82981-1cnHighand RetrievalsFinalModule8.ppt MicrosoftDOE'sR.G. VanInChanging Energy

  18. Data:Bcb8a58c-2869-4846-8fbb-828a6a6f50af | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the minimum interruption requirement shall be the minimum required under the PJM Interconnection, LLC (PJM) Emergency Load Response Program for capacity purposes, or any...

  19. Data:79d9f979-9be4-4801-a897-b2b735dbfc2f | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the minimum interruption requirement shall be the minimum red under the PJM Interconnection, LLC (PJM) Emergency Load Response Program for capacity purposes, or any...

  20. Data:2bdd96d0-46c0-4dad-9a84-e9d07ce2509b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    the Customer) in North Carolina and Virginia to whom transmission is provided from the PJM Interconnection LLC (hereinafter called PJM) or Carolina Power & Light Company...

  1. Lifetime and hyper ne structure of the 3 D 2 state of radium Jacek Biero n, 1, 4 Charlotte Froese Fischer, 2 Stephan Fritzsche, 3 and Krzysztof Pachucki 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachucki, Krzysztof

    for a particular atomic state ( PJM) = NCF X r c r #8;( r PJM) (1) is obtained as the self-consistent solution

  2. Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    from PJM Interconnection LLC Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Response to Late Motion to Intervene from PJM...

  3. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    month. Prices and demand are shown for six Regional Transmission Operator (RTO) markets: ISO New England (ISO-NE), New York ISO (NYISO), PJM Interconnection (PJM), Midwest ISO...

  4. EVLA Memo No. 39 Wayne Koski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Groppi, Christopher

    -Inputs. The same is true for the Master-Input-Slave-Output (MISO) in that the Master-Input must connect to all the daisy chain method would best be avoided. MIB MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #1-A MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #1-B MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #1-C MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #2 MOSI MISO SCLK SLAVE #3 MOSI MISO SCLK SS* SS* SS* SS* SS

  5. EIS-0465: Pepco Holdings, Inc. Mid-Atlantic Power Path (MAPP) Project, Prince George's, Calvert, and Wicomico Counties, Maryland, and Sussex County, Delaware

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Pepco Holdings, Inc., cancelled its proposed Phase II of the Mid-Atlantic Power Pathway transmission line project and DOE cancelled preparation of an EIS on the potential environmental impacts of a proposed federal loan guarantee for the project.

  6. Parallel Animated Image File Generation Nishad Patel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaminsky, Alan

    , frame) · getPixelDataSegmentParameters() · readSegment() #12;Hypotheses · Serial PJM processing times vs. Parallel PJM processing times ­ Parallel PJM should be quicker · Post-processing times vs. In-situ processing times ­ In-situ processing should be quicker · PJM processing times vs. processing times for other

  7. A Comparative Analysis of Congestion Management Schemes under a Unified Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approaches in use: England and Wales, Norway, Sweden, PJM and California. We develop a unified framework

  8. Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rate department staff, December 7. PEPCO, 2004, Personalcommunication with PEPCO staff, November 23. PJM, 2005a,

  9. MA4F2 Braid Groups 20042005 Errata and hints and more examples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krammer, Daan

    ) by pij pjm p-1 ij = aij (aij pjm a-1 ij ) a-1 ij = aij pim a-1 ij = p-1 im pjm pim and (3) by pij pim p-1 ij = aij (aij pim a-1 ij ) a-1 ij = aij (p-1 im pjm pim) a-1 ij = (aij pim a-1 ij )-1 (aij pjm a-1 ij )(aij pim a-1 ij ) = (p-1 im p-1 jm pim)(pim)(p-1 im pjm pim) = p-1 im p-1 jm pim pjm pim

  10. Maximizing the throughput of large ad hoc wireless networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua, Y; Huang, Y; Garcia-Luna-Aceves, J J

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multi-input, single-output (MISO) protocol. During eachthe maximum throughput of the MISO protocol, in bits-meters/s/ Hz/node, is C MISO = (n ? 1) A log 2 1 + 2n P T ? h

  11. The Necessity of Relay Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koyuncu, Erdem; Jafarkhani, Hamid

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multiple-input single-output (MISO) systems [16]–[19], itsfeedback beamforming in MISO systems, in which any set ofExample 3 (Comparison with MISO Systems). One of the most

  12. Transmit beamforming for multiple antenna systems with imperfect feedback

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isukapalli, Yogananda R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a transmit beamforming MISO system with imperfect feedback.error proba- bility of a MISO transmit beamforming system,”of finite rate feedback MISO systems in the presence of es-

  13. Taking ramen seriously : food, labor, and everyday life in modern Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solt, George Sekine

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    received small rations of miso, soy sauce, salt, cookingthat bread does not fit with miso soup, grilled fish, andpot, which I would eat with miso soup and salted cucumbers

  14. Factory Girl Literature: Sexuality, Violence, and Representation in Industrializing Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barraclough, Ruth

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    suk shares a desk with Miso, who keeps a copy of a book byjealously what it is about, Miso responds that she has noMind your own business” Miso responds, who cannot explain

  15. 2011 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

  16. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Texas, May 24, 2010. MISO. 2010. Dispatchable Intermittentand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (ITC kW kWh LADWP LIBOR MISO American Wind Energy Association

  17. Spectrally efficient underwater acoustic communications : channel characterization and design aspects for OFDM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radoševi?, Andreja

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    input single-output (MISO) and the MIMO setting with a rank-assess the ergodic capacity of MISO and MIMO UWA channels byfor two cases: an N t × 1 MISO system and a 2 × 2 MIMO

  18. Cooperative Multiplexing in Wireless Relay Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagpal, Vinayak

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Input Multiple Output MISO Multiple Input Single Output MLno cooperation”) and 2×1 MISO (“unlimited cooperation”)Fig 2.6 achieves the 2 × 1 MISO bound for multiplexing gains

  19. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ER08-___-000," December 31. MISO, 2007b, M T E P 06 - TheMidwest ISO Transmission Expansion Plan, February. MISO,2007c, "MISO Press Release," U R L : http://

  20. Block-oriented nonlinear system identification using semidenite programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Younghee

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    identification method for MISO Wiener-Hammerstein model.multi-input single-output (MISO) case. More recent work canmulti-input single-output (MISO) case. More recent work can

  1. Correlation-based beamforming for multi-user MIMO channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Adam L.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W. Cheng and R. Murch, “MU-MISO transmission with limitedis found in [42] for the MISO channel or in [28] for theoutperforms DPC in the MISO broadcast channel. A similar

  2. Power Scheduling for Multi-Hop Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Yuan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    an achievable sum rate for this MISO-BC relay net- work byBC relay network and MISO-BC relay network are investigatedreceiver. We will skip the MISO case since it is similar to

  3. Advanced Non-Krylov Subspace Model Order Reduction Techniques for Interconnect Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yan, Boyuan

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    decoupled into a number of MISO circuits based on the input-partitioned into many MISO systems and the traditionalcan be performed on these MISO systems. The new reduction

  4. Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Independent System Operator (MISO) and Southwest PowerTo help inform the debate at MISO and SPP concerning how tosettled using the EIS market. MISO administers a day-ahead

  5. Performance of Non-Gaussian Distribution Based Communication and Compressed Sensing Systems /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Hwan Joon

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by relating it to a MISO MAC communi- cation problem. Weof the |T |-sender Gaussian MISO MAC Y T = b X X w (j?1)b+iprobability distribution P. The MISO codeword index cho- sen

  6. Retrospective Interference Alignment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maleki, Hamed; Jafar, Syed A; Shamai, Shlomo

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On the degrees of freedom of miso broadcast channels withthe X channel [17, 16] and the MISO BC [5], the interferencea DoF perspective. While the 2 user MISO BC setting easily

  7. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WindLogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO (2006)]; EnerNex et al. (IPP ISO ISO-NE ITC kW kWh MISO MW MWh NERC NREL NYISO OEMIndependent System Operator (MISO), New York ISO (NYISO),

  8. Performance analysis of multi-antenna OFDM systems with phase noise and imperfect channel estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalloh, Mohamed

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    136 6 Performance Analysis of MISO-OFDM with Phase Noise andMANet MBWA MC MIMO Mbps MMSE MISO MRC MS MSH Media Accessand also exist in SIMO and MISO channels. Multiplexing gain,

  9. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IOU IRC ISO LMP LBNL LSE MISO MP MRO MWG M&V NERC OATT PUCrecommended a focus on what MISO refers to as DRR Type IIis consistent with trends in MISO and elsewhere and suggests

  10. Channel estimation and feedback for multiple antenna communication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murthy, Chandra Ramabhadra

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Schematic representation of a MISO system with beamformingcapacity of the correlated MISO channel with Q-EGT for di?Outage probability of the MISO channel with quantized EGT (t

  11. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multi-year)* Xcel-PSCo MN-MISO** Puget Sound Energy Arizonaand Windlogics Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (2008 at 2006 Gas Prices MN-MISO Pacificorp-2004 Pacificorp-

  12. MHP: Master-Handoff Protocol for Fast and Energy-Efficient Data Transfer over SPI in Wireless Sensing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Seung-mok

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and master in slave out (MISO). The master is responsibleto the master through the MISO line. The granularity of anCo-S has two serial the MISO pin should be set to output. On

  13. Degrees of Freedom of the Interference Channel with a Cognitive Helper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chenwei; Sezgin, Aydin

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For example, for the K-user SIMO/MISO Gaussian interferencewhich are identical to the MISO setting [1], i.e. , channelcan be seen as a special MISO interference channel where

  14. Interference suppression in spread-spectrum networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sui, Haichang

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    G. Proakis, “Analysis of a MISO pre- BLAST-DFE technique forpre-BLAST-DFE technique for MISO channels with decentralized

  15. SmartCast - Novel Textile Sensors for Embedded Pressure Sensing of Orthopedic Casts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danilovic, Andrew

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    interface GROUND //pinMode(SPI_MISO_PIN, OUTPUT); //DO NOTTO //digitalWrite(SPI_MISO_PIN, LOW); pinMode(hardwareSS,

  16. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Company Midwest Independent System Operator Minnesota Power2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will

  17. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Serving Entity Midwest Independent System Operator Marketin the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and2007). The Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) called

  18. Short run effects of a price on carbon dioxide emissions from U.S. electric generators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Newcomer; Seth A. Blumsack; Jay Apt; Lester B. Lave; M. Granger Morgan [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The price of delivered electricity will rise if generators have to pay for carbon dioxide emissions through an implicit or explicit mechanism. There are two main effects that a substantial price on CO{sub 2} emissions would have in the short run (before the generation fleet changes significantly). First, consumers would react to increased price by buying less, described by their price elasticity of demand. Second, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions would change the order in which existing generators are economically dispatched, depending on their carbon dioxide emissions and marginal fuel prices. Both the price increase and dispatch changes depend on the mix of generation technologies and fuels in the region available for dispatch, although the consumer response to higher prices is the dominant effect. We estimate that the instantaneous imposition of a price of $35 per metric ton on CO{sub 2} emissions would lead to a 10% reduction in CO{sub 2} emissions in PJM and MISO at a price elasticity of -0.1. Reductions in ERCOT would be about one-third as large. Thus, a price on CO{sub 2} emissions that has been shown in earlier work to stimulate investment in new generation technology also provides significant CO{sub 2} reductions before new technology is deployed at large scale. 39 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. RTO Briefing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steve Wiese

    2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 Transmission Updates The summary of this report is: (1) Small generators are not happy with FERC's Small Generator Interconnection NOPR, saying the proposed rule ignores much of the consensus developed between small generators and transmission owners during the ANOPR process. California wind generators seek clarification that repowering an existing facility or changing contract terms would not trigger a reevaluation of the interconnection. (2) The choices of former Alliance companies about which RTO to join, MISO or PJM, and whether they can obtain approval from states to do so, has created such a tangle that FERC held two days of hearings at the end of September on the issues and options for resolving them. But in addition to some constructive input, the hearings produced even more uncertainty, with transmission companies announcing their need to reassess their own RTO commitments depending on the decisions of others. (3) In the West, the Seams Steering Group--Western Interconnection (SSG-WI) completed a west-wide transmission study with a renewable energy scenario, the California ISO received FERC's approval on its market redesign proposal, and RTO West worked toward finalizing high-level consensus documents describing Day 1 implementation of the proposed RTO. (4) In Texas, ERCOT began $157 million in upgrades to the transmission system around McCamey--increasing capacity in and out of the area enough to handle existing wind projects there.

  20. MISO Market Performance: An AgentMISO Market Performance: An Agent--Based Computational TestBased Computational Test--BedBed HongyanHongyan LiLiaa, andand LeighLeigh TesfatsionTesfatsionbb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    managed via Locational Marginal Pricing (LMP) determined by ISO via bid/offer-based OPF. In April 2003 Companies (GenCos) & Load-Serving Entities (LSEs) located at various transmission buses Grid Congestion LMP Average LI (Lerner Index) With learning Fig.5 Average LMP and LI Levels as Demand-Bid Price

  1. On the Optimality of Beamforming for Multi-User MISO Interference Channels with Single-User Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shang, Xiaohu; Poor, H Vincent

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For a multi-user interference channel with multi-antenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers, by restricting each receiver to a single-user detector, computing the largest achievable rate region amounts to solving a family of non-convex optimization problems. Recognizing the intrinsic connection between the signal power at the intended receiver and the interference power at the unintended receiver, the original family of non-convex optimization problems is converted into a new family of convex optimization problems. It is shown that, for such interference channels with each receiver implementing single-user detection, transmitter beamforming can achieve all boundary points of the achievable rate region.

  2. Multi-User MISO Interference Channels with Single-User Detection: Optimality of Beamforming and the Achievable Rate Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shang, Xiaohu; Poor, H Vincent

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For a multi-user interference channel with multi-antenna transmitters and single-antenna receivers, by restricting each transmitter to Gaussian input and each receiver to a single-user detector, computing the largest achievable rate region amounts to solving a family of non-convex optimization problems. Recognizing the intrinsic connection between the signal power at the intended receiver and the interference power at the unintended receiver, the original family of non-convex optimization problems is converted into a new family of convex optimization problems. It is shown that, for such interference channels with each receiver implementing single-user detection, transmitter beamforming can achieve all boundary points of the achievable rate region.

  3. NET DEGREES OF FREEDOM OF RECENT SCHEMES FOR THE MISO BC WITH DELAYED CSIT AND FINITE COHERENCE TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    DoF that this scheme can be expected to yield in a realistic system by taking into account the cost Ericsson, Symantec, SAP, Monaco Telecom. Part of this work has been performed in the framework of the FP7 project ICT-317669 METIS, which is partly funded by the European Union. The authors would like

  4. NetDoFs of the MISO Broadcast Channel with Delayed CSIT Feedback for Finite Rate of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    the main limiting factor in multi- user wireless communication systems. Tx side or Rx side zero-forcing (ZF by its industrial members: ORANGE, BMW Group, Swisscom, SFR, ST Microelectronics, Symantec, SAP, Monaco by the EU FP7 project METIS. delay is less than the channel coherence time. It was generally believed

  5. The generation fleet in MISO is being affected by time, fuel prices and multiple phases of environmental regulations

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn April 23,EnergyChicopeeTechnology PerformanceDepartmentfor Improving Short September 8,

  6. doi:10.1006/jsco.2000.0374 Available online at http://www.idealibrary.com on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kallen, Wilberd

    j=1 b j+miso , b j+miso . diso i diso i = i j=1(b j , b j ) for i miso. ei element of standard matrix. miso the number of zero rows with which A starts presently. µij bi = b i + i-1 j=1 µi,jb j . n

  7. Multiagentov systmy Dr. Andrej Lcny

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucny, Andrej

    táto najlepsie pozdáva #12;Agent ­ klasifikácia poda voby (Chcem (Lúbi Miso ja )) Deliberatívny agent alebo KSA, ktoré volajú výpoctové procedúry Miso #12;Agent ­ klasifikácia poda voby Cisto reaktívny casu · deliberatívnymi postupmi upravujeme cinnos reaktívnych zloziek (Chcem (Lúbi Miso ja )) Miso #12

  8. A Review of Recent RTO Benefit-Cost Studies: Toward More Comprehensive Assessments of FERC Electricity Restructuring Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joseph H.; Lesieutre, Bernard C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sponsored by Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) CRA.price million Midwest Independent System Operator megawatt

  9. A Survey of Utility Experience with Real Time Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Neenan, Bernie

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    probability Midwest Independent System Operator marginalopening of the Midwest Independent System Operator’s (MISO)

  10. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Laboratory Midwest Independent System Operator NorthInterconnection, Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO),

  11. Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commission Midwest Independent System Operator megawattOPUC 2005). The Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO)

  12. Real Time Pricing as a Default or Optional Service for C&I Customers: A Comparative Analysis of Eight Case Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen; Goldman, Charles; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Hopper, Nicole; Ting, Michael; Neenan, Bernie

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Load Response Program – Real Time Option is a unique examplePJM Economic LRP – Real Time Option, PJM Emergency LRPPJM Economic LRP – Real Time Option PowerShare – QuoteOption

  13. Data:0b5af23e-997d-4497-bc81-44775a20e1e0 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    be revised each October to be equal to the sum of; a) the average of the then current PJM RPM Capacity rate and the published PJM RPM Capacity rates for the following three...

  14. DMAC 48 SHORTENED MINUTES 1 out of 8 pages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paxton, Anthony T.

    Meeting Room. Present: AOT (Chair), MRC, CRMG, PDN, KAQOR, JMS. In attendance: PJM (Secretary). 1 this review. Action: PJM [Secretary's Note following DMAC 47: Action completed.] DMAC 48: AOT confirmed

  15. Real-Time Security Assessment of Angle Stability Using Synchrophasors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kingsmore (Duke Energy) · Kip Morrison (BCTC) · Mahendra Patel (PJM) and · Suketu Shah (ITC) · Jianzhong Tong (PJM) · Bob Wilson (WAPA). #12;ii Executive Summary This project examines the use of Phasor

  16. Drawing Graphs in Euler Diagrams Paul Mutton1, Peter Rodgers1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kent, University of

    Laboratory, University of Kent, Canterbury, Kent, CT2 7NF, UK {pjm2, P.J.Rodgers}@kent.ac.uk http://www.cs.kent.ac.uk/people/rpg/pjm

  17. Analysis of Edge Schema Contained in jdbc:microsoft:sqlserver://db-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    .doc.ic.ac.uk;databaseName=dblp XMLtoEdgeSchema program, Peter Mc.Brien pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/ pjm May 16, 2003 1 #12

  18. February 2014 1 P O S I T I O N S H E L D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    : Case study in the PJM Interconnection. In review at Environmental Science & Technology. 89. Lueken, R. and J. Apt. The Effects of Bulk Electricity Storage on the PJM Market. In second review at Energy

  19. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    PJM Letter filed Dec 8, 2011 in support of Settlement Agreement Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: PJM Letter filed Dec...

  20. Re: Potomac River Generating Station Department of Energy Case...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Outages. Docket No. EO-05-01. Order No. 202-05-03: Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with...

  1. Microsoft Word - 052606 Final Pepco DOE maintenance notice.doc

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Case No. EO-05-01 Dear Mr. Mansueti, Per your request, Potomac Electric Power Company ("Pepco"), on behalf of itself and PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. ("PJM"), is providing you with...

  2. K-NET busK-NET busK-NET busK-NET bus The K-Net bus is based on the SPI bus but it allows to addressing many different turrets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Nils

    (standard SPI signal) Clock - MOSI (standard SPI signal) Master Out Slave In - MISO (standard SPI signal_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI MASTER /F7 /CS_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI SLAVE #0 /F7 /CS_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI SLAVE #1 /F7 /CS_COM MOSI MISO CLK PAI SLAVE #2 All slave turrets are in IDLE state and are waiting

  3. De ning Peer-to-Peer Data Integration using Both as View Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School of Computer Science

  4. Defining Peer-to-Peer Data Integration using Both as View Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Poulovassilis2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School of Computer Science

  5. The AutoMed Schema Integration Repository Michael Boyd, Peter M c . Brien and Nerissa Tong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    The AutoMed Schema Integration Repository Michael Boyd, Peter M c . Brien and Nerissa Tong {mboyd,pjm

  6. Generating and Optimising Views from Both as View Data Integration Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    , Imperial College, {nnyt98,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. This paper describes the generation and logical

  7. Comparing and Transforming Between Data Models via an Intermediate Hypergraph Data Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    , Imperial College, London SW7 2AZ, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Abstract. Data integration is frequently performed

  8. Inter Model Data Integration in a P2P Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Brien Department of Computing, Imperial College London 180 Queens Gate, London SW7 2AZ {dmle,acs203,pjm

  9. A Semantic Approach to Integrating XML and Structured Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    and Alexandra Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ, pjm

  10. Multi-settlement Systems for Electricity Markets: Zonal Aggregation under Network Uncertainty and Market Power1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, California, and PJM, have led to several reassessment and reforms of various

  11. David Joseph Corr Contact Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ottino, Julio M.

    (1-2), pp 109-121. Corr DJ, Juenger MCG, Monteiro PJM, Bastacky J (2004), "Investigating Entrained Air Voids-Window Generalized Method of Cells," ACI Materials Journal, 100(2), pp 156-164. Corr DJ, Monteiro PJM, Bastacky J and Concrete Research, 33(10), pp 1531-1537. Corr DJ, Monteiro PJM, Bastacky J (2002), "Microscopic

  12. This is the final preprint version of a paper which appeared at Pacific J. Math., 236 (2008) 223-261. The published version is accessibl*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergman, George Mark

    ., 236 (2008) 223-261. The published version is accessibl* *e to subscribers at http://pjm.math.berkeley.edu/pjm/2008/236-2/pjm-v236-n2-p02-* *s.pdf . Mapping radii of metric spaces

  13. For more information, please contact Prof. David Dietz at ddietzz@stevens.edu or 201-216-5450

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Frank

    , 1:30 pm PJM INTERCONNECTION: SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS TO DELIVERING ELECTRICAL POWER TO OUR REGION on the efficient and reliable supply of electrical power by PJM Interconnection, a regulated public interest company. PJM manages our power grid which is the oldest grid in our nation and started in New Jersey

  14. Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    Research and Financial Engineering Princeton University David M. Egan PJM Interconnection May 27, 2009 #12 and allocation of high-voltage transformers over time. We analyze PJM's transmission system by simulating) outperforms the policy that PJM currently uses based on several performance measures. We analyze issues

  15. REVISED March 31, 2008 Advanced Workshop in Regulation and Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    Break 10:00 - 11:55 Concurrent Sessions Evergreen Ballroom PJM PERFORMANCE West Evergreen Chair: William of Market Power in PJM Energy Markets Andrew Kleit: Market Monitoring, ERCOT Style Gary Newell & Ransom E in Restructured Electricity Markets - Initial Results of PJM's New RPM TELECOMMUNICATIONS Central Evergreen Chair

  16. Robust Policies for the Transformer Acquisition and Allocation Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Powell, Warren B.

    Research and Financial Engineering Princeton University David M. Egan PJM Interconnection March 8, 2010 #12 and allocation of high-voltage transformers over time. We analyze PJM's transmission system by simulating) outperforms the policy that PJM currently uses based on several performance measures. We analyze issues

  17. 16/sept/2001 1 Alternativas al Pago por Capacidad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile Carlos Altimiras - Francisco Moyano 16/sept/2001 2 Justificación Conceptual del La realización de una simulación #12;6 16/sept/2001 11 Alternativa 2: PJM en Chile n Modelo capacidad, reconciliación. n PJM Open Access Transmission Tariff n Costos de despacho, control (reactivo

  18. Physics Department Welcome Week 24 -28 September 2012 Note: Provisional Programme Times and Rooms may change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheldon, Nathan D.

    3rd years ­ Course registration MFLEC T231 PJM, JTN Programme Director 15:45 3rd years ­ Feedback session 2nd years ­ Course registration MFLEC T231 PJM, JTN Programme Director Second Year Tutors 17125 PJM,JTN AJC, TS New PhD and MSc Postgraduate Induction Monday 24 September 18

  19. October 27, 2008 1 Abstract--The use of Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) within

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    of MIP within the electric industry is growing. Recently, PJM switched from a Lagrangian Relaxation (LR look- ahead [5]. These changes are estimated to save PJM over 150 million dollars per year [4], [5]. Published in 2005, [9] discusses the tradeoffs between LR and MIP for PJM and a recent presentation, [10

  20. Utilities Policy 11 (2003) 7586 www.socscinet.com/bam/jup

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marathe, Achla

    ­NewJersey­Maryland (PJM) are doing fine. This paper assesses the mark of efficiency reached by the electricity markets in California, New York, and PJM. It also compares the degree of efficiency across markets (forward vs. real time) and across time. No significant differences between the California and PJM electricity markets

  1. CSEM WP 117 Vertical Integration in Restructured Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    , the vertical integration of firms in the PJM market re- duces electricity producers' interest in setting high to their retail customers at set rates. My model reflects this degree of vertical integration of PJM firms. Second imperfections during the summer following PJM's restructuring increased procurement costs 51% ($950 million

  2. Energy Efficiency and Commercial-Mortgage Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jaffee, Dwight; Stanton, Richard; Wallace, Nancy

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    R 2 N = 1,390 Palo Verde Hub PJM Western South Path 15 NorthHub North Path 15 Palo Verde PJM Western South Path 15 ? e ?Dec/08 Into Entergy Mid?Col PJM West Sep/08 Jan/10 May/10

  3. Regulatory Policy and Markets for Energy Storage in North America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

    2014-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The last 5 years have been one of the most exciting times for the energy storage industry. We have seen significant advancements in the regulatory process to make accommodations for valuing and monetizing energy storage for what it provides to the grid. The most impactful regulatory decision for the energy storage industry has come from California, where the California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision that mandates procurement requirements of 1.325 GW for energy storage to 3 investor-own utilities in 4 stages: in 2014, 2016, 2018, and 2020. Furthermore, at the Federal level, FERC’s Order 755, requires the transmission operators to develop pay for performance tariffs for ancillary services. This has had direct impact on the market design of US competitive wholesale markets and the monetization of fast responding grid assets. While this order is technology neutral, it clearly plays into the fast-responding capability of energy storage technologies. Today PJM, CAISO, MISO, NYISO, and NE-ISO have implemented Order 755 and offer new tariff for regulation services based on pay-for-performance principles. Furthermore, FERC Order 784, issued in July 2013 requires transmission providers to consider speed and accuracy in determining the requirements for ancillary services. In November 2013, FERC issued Order 972, which revises the small generator interconnection agreement which declares energy storage as a power source. This order puts energy storage on par with existing generators. This paper will discuss the implementation of FERC’s Pay for Performance Regulation order at all ISOs in the U.S. under FERC regulatory authority (this excludes ERCOT). Also discussed will be the market impacts and overall impacts on the NERC regulation performance indexes. The paper will end with a discussion on the California and Ontario, Canada procurement mandates and the opportunity that it may present to the energy storage industry.

  4. 2012 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MISO Transmission Expansion Plan 2012 megawatt megawatt-hour North American Electric ReliabilityMISO), New York ISO (NYISO), ISO-New England (ISO-NE), California ISO (CAISO), Electric Reliability

  5. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Offered Rate Midwest Independent System Operator MMS MNDOCInterconnection, Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO),2009. Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator, Inc.

  6. Energy Efficient Computing with the Low Power, Energy Aware Processing (LEAP) Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntire, Dustin Hale

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    V17BUS -V17BUS SPI_CS_N SPI_MISO SEL_CLK SEL_LATCH CLKTIM-CS_N SPI_MOSI SPI_ CLK SPI_MISO RJ1 MHOLE4 RN9 SEL_LATCH 1RJ45_95622 MOLEX SPI_MISO 100K 5% CHIP_RES_ARRAY_EXB38V

  7. Inferior-Colliculus Responses to Amplitude-Modulated and Unmodulated Acoustic Tones and Cochlear-Implant Pulse Trains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schoenecker, Matthew Charles

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SCK_SEL); cbi(DDRB, PIN_MISO); //set MOSI as output //set CSselect to one //set MISO as input cbi(DDRD, PIN_INT1); //setCS 3 PIN_SCK 2 PIN_MOSI 0 PIN_MISO 1 PIN_SCK_SEL 4 sbi(port,

  8. Synchronization at low SNR in MIMO communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amde, Manish

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for 1×1 SISO, 1×2 SIMO, 2×1 MISO and 2×2 MIMO pilot-based× 1 SIMO, 1 × 2 SIMO, 2 × 1 MISO and 2 × 2 MIMO systems. Wecode. The SIMO and MISO performances are identical, since

  9. 2010 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and reliability assessments. Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO):MISO), New York ISO (NYISO), ISO-New England (ISO-NE), California ISO (CAISO), Electric Reliabilityreliability-based transmission issue and one economic transmission issue and provides economic benefits across multiple pricing zones within MISO (

  10. Reactive and voltage monitoring: The challenge for the system operators in the 1980's

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Willson, J.D.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to gain perspective on the monitoring program for PJM, background relative to the physical characteristics and operating philosophy of the pool is offered. PJM is comprised of 11 electric utilities serving approximately 48,700 square miles, encompassing about 75% of Penna, 97% of N.J., all of Del and the District of Columbia, 60% of Md, and 1% of Va. The generating capability is comprised of 532 units at 116 generating stations, and totals approximately 45,000 MW. The PJM system peak load for 1980 was 34,420 MW. PJM has 27 tie lines with its neighboring systems. Although comprised of 11 utilities, the PJM system is operated as if it were a single company. Reasons for the PJM real-time monitoring system are presented and relevant details are discussed. Topics considered include operating criteria. Reactive and Voltage Monitoring, Current Operating Restrictions off-line analysis, and future requirements are discussed.

  11. Adams, JM (Dr) TUTORIAL (YEAR 2) -UG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    (YEA JMA 48 AZ 04 TUTX-PH00-GM1 Sem1: 01-06,08-14 SGT-Grp A1 TUTORIAL (YEAR 3) - UG SP, AL, JLK, PJM BB 03 Sem1: 09,11,13 UCAS JSA, JA, DB, WNC, AD, OH, JLK, PJM, BNM, PHR, RPS, PDS, JAT, PMW, AL, SP LTL EXAMPHY1022mm Sem1: 07, 15 Test TUTORIAL (YEAR 3) SP, AL, JLK, PJM, BNM, JM Room to be advised

  12. Why Reliability Options Are the Answer in New England

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bidwell, Miles

    2006-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In its market's current failed state, PJM sees evidence that electricity markets do not work. But that's the wrong conclusion. Price signals do work and generators predictably respond to price signals whether they are good price signals or bad price signals. Bad price signals caused New England's and PJM's problems. Here is why good price signals based on the RO approach and competitive markets will now solve New England's problems - and why PJM's RPM is not the answer. (author)

  13. FtsEX is required for CwlO peptidoglycan hydrolase activity during cell wall elongation in Bacillus subtilis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudner, David

    . Rudner SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL SUPPLEMENTAL EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Plasmid construction pJM026 [ycg primers oJM93 and oJM99 from PY79 genomic DNA) and pER065 [ycgO::Pspank (erm)]. pJM030 [sacRI-HindIII Pveg PCR product (amplified with oligonucleotide primers oJM73 and oJM74 and PY79 genomic DNA). pJM031

  14. DRAFT WORKING PAPER JULY 2006 DO NOT QUOTE OR CITE Topological Elements of Transmission Pricing and Planning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumsack, Seth

    signals to these investors. Table 1. Total and average congestion costs in PJM, 1999 ­ 2005. Source that the transmission network has become increasingly constrained. Table 1 shows congestion costs in the PJM 0.50 2001 271 1.02 2002 430 1.37 2003 499 1.52 2004 750 1.71 2005 2,090 3.05 PJM Congestion Costs

  15. INTRODUCTION NIH NIDDK U01 DK082342-01

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apkarian, A. Vania

    , MAPP Data Coordinating Core, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA METHODS · Diffusion. · White matter mean diffusivity in a tract stretching between the corona radiata and superior longitudinal

  16. Non-Tactical & Tactical Fleet Electrification and Vehicle to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    (PJM signal) * Five EVSEs from Coritech, seven Electric vehicles (five purchased from Smith Electric and two from Boulder Electric - one purchased and one provided under CRADA...

  17. Data:Bb1f54eb-c4b5-417b-b8e7-6ad73d90b321 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Adj. + Demand Side Management + Off-system Sales Margin Sharing + PJM Cost Rider + Clean Coal Technology Rider Source or reference: https:www.indianamichiganpower.comglobal...

  18. Data:F54a5b0e-032b-4cac-923d-f45c35da5c1e | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Side Management Energy Eff. + Off-System Sales Margin Sharing + PJM Cost Rider + Clean Coal Technology Rider Availability of Service. Available for the entire requirements of...

  19. Data:1333de6a-3b5e-4f01-9c67-d36b2457f619 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Adj. + Demand Side Management + Off-system Sales Margin Sharing + PJM Cost Rider + Clean Coal Technology Rider Source or reference: https:www.indianamichiganpower.comglobal...

  20. Exploration of Resource and Transmission Expansion Decisions in the Western Renewable Energy Zone Initiative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    model results in the PJM power market lead to capacity prices of $40–90/kW-yr, The ability of variable renewable

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - areva reference document Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of a Mixed Integer Programming (MIP) solution for solving the PJM Unit Summary: --Electricity market, Power Generation Dispatch, Mixed Integer Programming, Unit Commitment...

  2. Energy Policy ] (

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    to the locational marginal prices of several pricing points in the New England, New York, and PJM electricityEnergy Policy ] (

  3. Data:F8baf3fe-77ac-4e88-81fe-07693c8def83 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of the customer, the monthly average, realtime, PJM wholesale market locational marginal price at a Company pricing node mutually agreed upon by the Company and the customer....

  4. Waste Treatment and Immobilation Plant Pretreatment Facility

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    tests and presents the experimental results produced at the SS-PJM test setup in the Applied Process Engineering Laboratory (APEL). * Large Tank Experimental Data for Validation...

  5. Loads Providing Ancillary Services: Review of International Experience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heffner, Grayson

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reactive power), about two percent of PJM’s total market turnover and costing $1.17 per MWH of electricity

  6. OPSI Annual Meeting

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Organization of PJM States, Inc. (OPSI) is hosting its annual meeting in Chicago, IL, on October 13-14, 2014.

  7. american power military: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Horstmann John Dayton Power & Light Company (The) Transmission Owner Issermoyer John PPL Electric Utilities Corp. dba PPL Utilities Transmission Owner Pjm Interconnection Llc;...

  8. american public power: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Horstmann John Dayton Power & Light Company (The) Transmission Owner Issermoyer John PPL Electric Utilities Corp. dba PPL Utilities Transmission Owner Pjm Interconnection Llc;...

  9. americans land electricity: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Horstmann John Dayton Power & Light Company (The) Transmission Owner Issermoyer John PPL Electric Utilities Corp. dba PPL Utilities Transmission Owner Pjm Interconnection Llc;...

  10. PJMDOCS-#501543-v1-DOE_Congestion_Workshop_9_17_08_-_MJK.DOC

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PJM principally due to increased transportation costs, and when coupled with increases in oil and natural gas prices, have worked to increase congestion. Attached as an Excel...

  11. Data Integration by Bi-Directional Schema Transformation Rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Poulovassilis Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, London SW7 2BZ pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk School of Computer Science

  12. Mirant: Summary of Monitored SO2 Concentrations During Periods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Impact More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

  13. Schema Integration based on Uncertain Semantic Mappings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    College London 180 Queen's Gate, South Kensington Campus, London SW7 2AZ, UK {nr600,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk 3

  14. AutoMed: A BAV Data Integration System for Heterogeneous Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Kittivoravitkul, Charalambos Lazanitis, Peter M c . Brien and Nikos Rizopoulos email: {mboyd,sk297,cl201,pjm,nr600

  15. A General Approach to the Generation of Conceptual Model Transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    and Peter Mc.Brien Dept. Computing, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ email: nr600@doc.ic.ac.uk, pjm

  16. AutoMed: A BAV Data Integration System for Heterogeneous Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Kittivoravitkul, Charalambos Lazanitis, Peter Mc.Brien and Nikos Rizopoulos email: {mboyd,sk297,cl201,pjm,nr600

  17. Integrating Unnormalised Semi-Structured Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    .Brien Department of Computing, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ sk297@doc.ic.ac.uk, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http

  18. iXPeer: Implementing layers of abstraction in P2P Schema Mapping using AutoMed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    College London London SW7 2AZ UK pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Nikos Rizopoulos Dept. Computing Imperial College London

  19. Schema Evolution in Heterogeneous Database Architectures,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    , London SW7 2BZ, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 Dept. of Computer Science, Birkbeck College, University of London

  20. A comparative study of body size and clutch size across the parasitoid Hymenoptera

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Peter

    , PO Box 373, York, UK YO10 5YW (pjm19@york.ac.uk). The explanation of life history variation across

  1. Importing the US 1990 Census Data into a Relational DBMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    . of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk Tuesday 9 th April 2002 1

  2. P2P query reformulation over BothasView data transformation rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    and Alexandra Poulovassilis 2 1 Dept. of Computing, Imperial College, Univ. of London, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 School

  3. Project Award Spreadsheets 2010 12 21 1232.xlsx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Interconnection Organization Recovery Act Funding PJM Interconnection, LLC 16,000,000 The National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) 14,000,000 Western...

  4. Uncertainty in Semantic Schema Integration Nikos Rizopoulos1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    , and Danilo Montesi3 1 Department of Computing, Imperial College London {nr600,pjm}@doc.ic.ac.uk 2 Department

  5. Does development mode organize life-history traits in the parasitoid Hymenoptera?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Peter

    ; Fax: +44 (0)1904 432860; e- mail: pjm19@york.ac.uk Journal of Animal Ecology 1999, 68, 906±916 # 1999

  6. Application for presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    of PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. to Answer of International Transmission Company dba ITC Transmission and Supplemental Comments on Behalf of the Midwest Independent...

  7. Synchrophasor success lands BPA its first Platts Award

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for Grid Optimization. There were nine other finalists for the award, including BC Hydro, PacifiCorp and PJM Interconnection. BPA was also a finalist for Platt's Stewardship...

  8. The relationship between policy choice and the size of the policy region: Why small jurisdictions may prefer renewable energy policies to reduce CO2 emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Accordino, Megan H.; Rajagopal, Deepak

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Independent System Operator New England (ISO-NE), the Pennsylvania Jersey Maryland (PJM) Interconnection, covering much of the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest,

  9. Data:Aa17853b-684a-49f7-bb79-d129f82996e7 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    cooking, are provided by electric energy. Flat Rate buy rate + Fuel Cost Adjustment + Demand Side Management Energy Eff. + Off-System Sales Margin Sharing + PJM Cost Rider +...

  10. Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations September...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    to Ensure Fuel Adequacy - Commissioner Paul Roberti, RI PUC, moderator Bob Ethier, ISO-NE Andy OTT, PJM James Daly, Northeast Utilitites Ben D'Antonio, NESCOE Presentation -...

  11. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    regional progress in reducing loads and improving reliability through aggressive demand response and energy efficiency programs and PJM- approved backbone transmission...

  12. Misonidazole neurotoxicity in mice decreased by administration with pyridoxine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eifel, P.J.; Brown, D.M.; Lee, W.W.; Brown, J.M.

    1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of toxicological and pharmacological experiments was performed to test the hypothesis that alterations of pyridoxine (Vitamin B/sub 6/) metabolism may play an important role in the development of misonidazole (MISO) neurotoxicity. The formation of a Schiff's base between the final reduction product of MISO, 2-amino MISO (NH/sub 2/-MISO), and pyridoxal-HCl in ethanol was demonstrated. Mice receiving daily intraperitoneal injections of MISO suffered significantly less toxicity (as determined by survival, weight gain and neurological tests) when large doses of pyridoxine-HCl (PYR) were delivered concomitantly, and consequently were able to tolerate administration of more than twice as many MISO injections. PYR did not alter the pharmacokinetics of MISO, either when given simultaneously or when given by multiple repeated daily injections prior to MISO. The administration of PYR also did not alter the radiosensitization by MISO in an in vivo-in vitro cloning assay with the EMT6 tumor in BALB/c mice. If depletion or altered metabolism of pyridoxine by reduced metabolites is also responsible for the neurotoxic effects of nitroimidazoles in humans, then concomitant administration of pyridoxine (in doses greater than the molar quantity of NH/sub 2/-MISO formed) should inhibit the development of such symptoms and allow administration of larger doses of MISO than are currently clinically employable.

  13. Receptor binding characteristics of tritiated misoprostol free acid in enriched canine parietal cells

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsai, B.S.; Kessler, L.K.; Conway, R.G.; Schoenhard, G.; Stolzenbach, J.; Collins, P.; Kramer, S.; Butchko, G.M.; Bauer, R.F.

    1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Misoprostol (MISO) is a synthetic prostaglandin (PG) E/sub 1/ methyl ester with gastric antisecretory and mucosal protective properties. MISO is rapidly de-esterified to misoprostol free acid (MISO-FA) in enriched (65-80%) canine parietal cell preparations. Both forms appear to possess equivalent antisecretory potency and (/sup 3/H) MISO-FA is stable in these preparations. (/sup 3/H) MISO-FA binding was reversible and saturable with a maximal number of binding sites estimated at 8138 +/- 1893 per cell. The scatchard plot was linear, indicating a single, high affinity receptor population with a dissociation constant of 11 +/- 2.6 x 10/sup -9/ M. Unlabeled MISO-FA and MISO were equally potent inhibitors (IC/sub 50/, approx. 10/sup -8/M) of (/sup 3/H) MISO-FA binding. At 10/sup -5/ M, the dinor and tetranor ..beta..-oxidation metabolites of MISO were weak binding inhibitors. Strict stereospecific binding was shown by MISO stereoisomers, and the 11R, 16S isomer was most active. Both PGE/sub 1/ and 16,16 dimethyl PGE/sub 2/ were potent binding inhibitors, but PGF/sub 1/..cap alpha.. (10/sup -6/ M) and Hoe 892 (10/sup -5/ M), a stable PGI/sub 2/ analog, were weak inhibitors. Neither histamine or cimetidine competed for binding sites. These data indicate the presence of stereospecific E-type prostaglandin receptors in enriched canine parietal cell preparations.

  14. High dose misonidazole with dexamethasone rescue: a possible approach to circumvent neurotoxicity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Urtasun, R.C.; Tanasichuk, H.; Fulton, D.; Agboola, O.; Turner, A.R.; Koziol, D.; Raleigh, J.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With a view of modifying misonidazole (MISO) neurotoxicity, we initiated a randomized clinical study to assess a possible drug interaction and toxicity protection when dexamethasone (DXM) is administered concomitantly with MISO. The ongoing study consists of: 1. Pharamacokinetic evaluation; 2. Assessment of toxicity. Fourteen patients undergoing radiation therapy for different types of malignant neoplasia (excluding brain tumors) have been randomized to receive either MISO alone, or DXM one week prior and during treatment with MISO. Five of seven patients receiving MISO alone developed peripheral neuropathies while only one out of 7 patients that received MISO with DXM coverage developed a transient and mild neuropathy. Pharmacokinetic evaluation of MISO in plasma and urine of those patients receiving DXM has shown no evidence of drug interaction. It is postulated that the mechanism of action of DXM is at the nerve cell membrane level, restoring and stabilizing cell surface properties. In future studies we will investigate the use of DXM with increasing doses of MISO above the recommended maximum dose of 12 gm/m/sup 2/, hoping to achieve a higher tumor tissue level of MISO while avoiding unacceptable toxicity. The effect of Allopurinol on the plasma kinetics of MISO was studied in four additional patients, observing also no evidence of drug interaction.

  15. A generalization of a unit index of Greither Radan Kucera 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuèera, Radan

    ; m the conductor of k; m 0 = Q pjm p the maximal square­free divisor of m. For a prime p dividing m â?? \\Gamma1 p e p ) = Y pjm0 (s(D p ) + 1 \\Gamma â?? \\Gamma1 p e p ) 2 U: If Ã? is a multiplicative character

  16. Dtermination des formes modulaires par les valeurs de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Emmanuel

    (resp. d'ordre 3) de . Ã? titre d'exemple, on a #23; 2 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 1 p #1;#3; sinon et #23; 3 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 3 p #1;#3; sinon. [Miy89, theorem 4.2.7] Ce

  17. FORKING AND MULTIPLICITY IN FIRST ORDER THEORIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baldwin, John T.

    sequence hb i j i 2 Xi in p over A. 7 #12; COHEIRS Let M j= T and M ` A, p 2 S(A) is a coheir of pjM of pjM . 1. p does not divide over M . 2. If E = he i : i 2 Ii contained in MB is a coherent sequence

  18. FORUM is intended for new ideas or new ways of interpreting existing information. It provides a chance for suggesting hypotheses and for challenging current thinking on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayhew, Peter

    , Kaiserstraat 63, PO Box 9516, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands (present address of PJM: Dept of Biology, Uni7. of York, PO Box 373, York, UK Y010 5YW [pjm19@york.ac.uk]; present address of OG: Museum of Zoology

  19. Canonical Representations sp (2n, R)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rangarajan, G.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    leaves p(m) invariant. Let {pJm)} be a basis for the set p(and the completeness of the set {pJm)}, we get the followingp~m)(z) = N(m) L: d(m)(J2)~ pJm)(z) a = 1,2, . .. ,N(m). (J=

  20. CARACTRISATION DES FORMES MODULAIRES PAR DES VALEURS DE FONCTIONS L

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Emmanuel

    d'ordre 2 (resp. d'ordre 3) de . Ã? titre d'exemple, on a #23; 2 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 1 p #1;#3; sinon et #23; 3 0 (m) #1; = 8 pjm #2; 1 + 3 p #1;#3; sinon. [Miy

  1. Design of Distributed Applications based on the OSI Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    Science, King's College London Strand, London WC2R 2LS mailto:pjm@dcs.kcl.ac.uk http://www.dcs.kcl.ac.uk/sta#11;/pjm Abstract. This paper demonstrates how the fundamental concepts of a layered design found

  2. Metabolism and excretion of (/sup 3/H)misonidazole by hypoxic rate liver

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, B.R.; Born, J.L.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This investigation was initiated to determine if misonidazole's biological activity is related to hypoxia-dependent, reductive biotransformation to form reactive metabolites. This study was facilitated by the synthesis of (/sup 3/H)misonidazole and by use of the isolated perfused rat liver as a model system for hypoxic tissue. Reductive metabolism of MISO by perfused livers was enhanced by hypoxic conditions. Formation of a MISO-derived glutathione conjugate (MISO-GSH) and covalent binding of MISO-derived radioactivity to tissue protein was also enhanced by hypoxia. Depletion of hepatic GSH with diethyl maleate increased the extent of covalent binding to protein under both aerobic and hypoxic conditions, and greatly diminished the formation of MISO-GSH. These results support the hypothesis that hypoxic conditions facilitate reductive metabolism of MISO to an alkylating agent, and that GSH plays an intervening role in the alkylation reaction.

  3. Stable reduction product of misonidazole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Panicucci, R.; McClelland, R.A.; Rauth, A.M.

    1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The predominant stable product (greater than 80%) of the anaerobic radiation chemical reduction (pH 7, formate, N/sub 2/O) of misonidazole (MISO) has been identified as the cyclic guanidinium ion MISO-DDI, a 4,5-dihydro-4,5-dihydroxyimidazolium ion. This cation was prepared as its sulfate salt by the reaction of glyoxal and the appropriate N-substituted guanidinium sulfate. Its formation during MISO reduction was established by NMR spectral comparison and by derivatization as glyoxal bis-oxime, which was formed in 86% yield in fully reduced systems. The toxicity of pure MISO-DDI X sulfate was examined in vivo (C/sub 3/H mice) and in vitro (CHO cells). This product is less toxic than the parent MISO and free glyoxal. A reactive, short-lived, intermediate is suggested as the agent responsible for the toxicity of MISO under hypoxic conditions.

  4. Azomycin riboside: a new radiosensitizer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pedersen, J.E.; Barron, G.; Chapman, J.D.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Azomycin riboside (2-nitro-1-..beta..-D-ribofuranosylimidazole) (AR), a nucleoside analogue with the base component replaced by a 2-nitroimidazole was studied to determine its potential as a radiosensitizer. In vitro evidence showed that AR is as good as or slightly better than misonidazole (MISO) as a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer. AR was also found to kill hypoxic cells directly and this cytotoxicity was at least as great as MISO cytotoxicity. However, when tumor regrowth delay was used to assess in vivo radiosensitization, AR was found to be inferior to MISO while the LD50 host toxicity assay indicated that AR might be nearly as toxic as MISO. Unless AR proves to be less toxic than MISO or can be selectively distributed with nucleoside transport inhibitors, these preliminary observations have not shown any advantage of AR over MISO as a potential clinically useful radiosensitizer.

  5. Inhibition of X-ray-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) repair in aerobic plateau-phase Chinese hamster cells by misonidazole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D.M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effect of the 2-nitroimidazole radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO) and the hydrophilic analog SR-2508 on the repair of X-ray-induced potentially lethal damage (PLD) was studied in plateau-phase Chinese Hamster ovary (HA-1) cells. It was found that although MISO does not radiosensitize aerobic cells, it inhibits the repair of PLD. However, under hypoxic conditions, MISO has no effect on PLD repair. The major portion of the inhibition of PLD repair in aerobic cells requires the presence of MISO only during irradiation; little or no additional inhibition occurs when MISO is present during the postirradiation repair period. Also, treatment of aerobic cells with 5 mM MISO for either 5 or 30 min prior to irradiation is equally inhibitory. This suggests that the presence of MISO in some way modifies the initial lesion under aerobic conditions since it does not increase cell killing as determined by immediate plating but inhibits subsequent repair. The inhibition is concentration dependent; 0.5 mM MISO inhibits PLD repair by one-half while 5-10 mM totally inhibits the repair measured 6 hr postirradiation. This phenomenon suggests that radiosensitization of tissue in vivo by MISO and other 2-nitroimidazoles may not be unequivocal proof of the presence of hypoxic cells.

  6. Data:9cbd1d7d-e255-47ce-8bbb-b832b38331af | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indiana Gas & Elec Co Effective date: 20110503 End date if known: Rate name: DR - Miso Demand Response Rider Sector: Description: AVAILABILITY This Rider shall be available...

  7. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

  8. 2008 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolinger, Mark

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Demonstration Program. Puget Sound Energy. 2007. 2007Bellevue, Washington: Puget Sound Energy. Shiu, H. , M.year)* Xcel-PSCo MN-MISO** Puget Sound Energy Arizona Pub.

  9. 2009 Wind Technologies Market Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Portland General Electric. Puget Sound Energy. 2007. 2007Bellevue, Washington: Puget Sound Energy. SCE. 2010.Inc. (2006) [MN-MISO]; Puget Sound Energy (2007) [Puget

  10. NAESB Business Practice Subcommittee (BPS) ATC Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    By Phone * 10114 NAESB BPS ATC Project Kick Off * 107 - 10814 NAESB BPS - MISO (Carmel, IN) * 112515 - NAESB BPS Conference Call * 12215 - NAESB BPS Conference...

  11. Control of a benchmark structure using GA-optimized fuzzy logic control 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shook, David Adam

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    . 15. FLC Sketch of MIMO Case............................................................................... 26 Fig. 16. Rendering of MISO (a) and MIMO (b) Structures............................................ 27 Fig. 17. (a) Initial Random... Floor: El Centro 100 gal...................... 77 Fig. 60. FFT of Acceleration Responses for 3 rd Floor: Sinusoidal Excitation................ 77 Fig. 61. Pareto Fronts Resulting from MISO GA Optimization..................................... 79...

  12. IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 25, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2007 1 On Broadcasting with Cooperative Diversity in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

    to as a Virtual MISO (multiple-input single-output) link. In contrast, if an omni-directional transmitter-output) link. The terms cooperative diversity, virtual antenna arrays or virtual MISO links are used interchangeably in this paper. achieved transmission range, (ii) the achievable data rate, or (iii) reliability

  13. A Novel Preamble Design for OFDM Transmission Parameter Signalling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng

    - input single-output (SISO) and multiple-input single-output (MISO) transmission modes are supported. Quick and reliable detection of the transmission parameters is critical for the receiver to perform), including the FFT size and SISO/MISO mode [5]. In the time domain, a novel cyclic extension structure

  14. ON THE IMPACT OF MULTI-ANTENNA RF TRANSCEIVERS' AMPLITUDE AND PHASE MISMATCHES ON TRANSMIT MRC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    both spatial diversity and array gain in downlink Multiple-Input Single-Output (MISO) links a faster and more reliable charac- terization as well as provides insight into the relative importance-Output (MISO) downlink scenarios, where the multiple-antenna basestation would optimally weigh the trans- mit

  15. Diversity Routing for Multi-hop Wireless Networks with Cooperative Transmissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sivakumar, Raghupathy

    in multi-hop wireless networks to achieve virtual MISO (multiple input single output) links. Specifically reliability or error rate performance at the receiver is improved since the probability of all of them being (MISO), or a Single Input Multiple Output (SIMO), or a Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) system

  16. Reduced Rank Space-Time Equalization Erik Lindskog Claes Tidestav

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the advance operator . Multiple-input-single-output (MISO) filters will be represented as polynomial row. Further, the complex conjugate transpose of a filter (MISO or SIMO) is defined as ¦R¦S ¡¤£ TVURWTX of the noise cannot be reliably esti- mated [3], we will consider the noise to

  17. Power Efficient Broadcasting with Cooperative Diversity in Ad hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnamurthy, Srikanth

    - munications can help combat interference and fading and hence, significantly improve the reliability-Output (MISO) system, a Single-Input Multi-Output (SIMO) system or a Multi-Input Multi- Output (MIMO) system exploits the broadcast nature of the wireless channel to emulate a MISO system. Nodes par- ticipating

  18. Synchronization in Cooperative Networks: Estimation of Multiple Carrier Frequency Offsets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blostein, Steven D.

    and reliability when assuming perfect synchronization [2]. Moreover, even though many coop- erative space coding synchronization is key to future deployments of cooperative networks. Multiple-input-single-output (MISO) systems methods for MISO systems include [5]­[7]. In [5], a maximum-likelihood estimator (MLE) for CFO estimation

  19. Tranceiver Design using Linear Precoding in a Multiuser MIMO System with Limited

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    (MU) multiple input single output (MISO) and multiple input multiple output (MIMO) Page 1 of 23 IET increase system reliability as well as the spectral efficiency of multiuser systems. However, limitations caused by interference and channel fading remain a concern in MU MISO and MU MIMO systems. These can

  20. Effect of nitroimidazoles on the oxygen consumption rate and respiratory control ratio of beef heart mitochondria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chao, C.F.; Ting, L.; Subjeck, J.R.; Johnson, R.J.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The neurotoxic effect of the nitroimidazole radiosensitizers misonidazole (MISO) and desmethylmisonidazole (DMM) has seriously compromised their clinical effectiveness. The authors compare here the effect of MISO and DMM on oxygen consumption in purified beef heart mitochondria. MISO has been found to significantly increase the oxygen consumption rate and decrease the respiratory control ratio in isolated mitochondria when incubated in the presence of the NAD+ dependent substrate, ..beta..-hydroxybutyrate. DMM has a similar but less pronounced effect than MISO on these respiratory parameters. When mitochondria were incubated in the presence of these radiosensitizers for 8, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes, the oxygen consumption rate was decreased when succinate, a FAD dependent substrate, was added following the incubation. This decrease, which is both time and dosage dependent, is equivalent for MISO and DMM.

  1. CHRONICLE 46, No.5, December 2011 He Kupu Whakamahara

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    recognition for his work. Dr Mark Quigley (Geological Sciences) has been presented with the New Zealand of Science and Innovation, Dr Wayne Mapp, at a ceremony held in Wellington recently. Dr Quigley, a senior

  2. The Benefits of Restructuring: It's Not Your Grandfather's Electric Utility Anymore

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Switzer, Sheldon; Straub, Mary M.

    2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The key to achieving and maintaining most of the benefits from the emerging competitive market for electricity supply is to have a workably competitive wholesale generation market. By any objective measure, the PJM regional transmission organization is fulfilling its mission.

  3. NETL F 451.1-1/1 Categorical Exclusion (CX) Designation Form

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DE-FOA-0000068 PJM OE DE-FOA-0000068 EDTD 2010 Alicia R. Dalton-Tingler Award date until 29Jan12 955 Jefferson Ave. Morristown, PA 19403 Eastern Interconnection Planning...

  4. Carnegie Mellon University Economics of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thakur (Customized Energy Solutions) for help with data collection, Haresh Kamat (EPRI) for helping me Gomatom (EPRI), Susan Covino (PJM), Bhala Mehandale, Rick Gilkey and Erik Paulson (Customized Energy

  5. Preferred orientation of ettringite in concrete fractures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenk, Hans-Rudolf

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Z. (1988). Cement and Concrete Research , 18 , 823-829.R. (2006). Cement and Concrete Research 36 , 364-370.P.K. & Monteiro, P.J.M. (2006). Concrete. Microstructure,

  6. Cover Letter for Motion to Intervene and Comments of the District...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Station and Proposed Mirant Compliance Plan Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

  7. Persons Who Received the DC PSC's Emergency Petition and Complaint...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    24, 2005 More Documents & Publications Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

  8. A General Approach to the Generation of Conceptual Model Transformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McBrien, Peter

    .ic.ac.uk, pjm@doc.ic.ac.uk http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/automed Abstract. From Proc. CAiSE05 LNCS 3520, Pages 326

  9. Finding of No Significant Impact, Federal Register, 73 FR 2017...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

  10. FINAL REPORT - HYBRID-MIXING TESTS SUPPORTING THE CONCENTRATE RECEIPT VESSEL (CRV-VSL-00002A/2B) CONFIGURATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GUERRERO, HECTORN.

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) has performed scaled physical modeling of Pulse Jet Mixing Systems applicable to the Concentrate Receipt Vessel (CRV) of Hanford's Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) as part of the overall effort to validate pulse jet mixer (PJM) mixing in WTP vessels containing non-Newtonian fluids. The strategy developed by the Pulse Jet Mixing Task Team was to construct a quarter-scale model of the CRV, use a clear simulant to understand PJM mixing behavior, and down-select from a number of PJM configurations to a ''best design'' configuration. This ''best design'' would undergo final validation testing using a particulate simulant that has rheological properties closely similar to WTP waste streams. The scaled PJM mixing tests were to provide information on the operating parameters critical for the uniform movement (total mobilization) of these non-Newtonian slurries. Overall, 107 tests were performed during Phase I and Phase II testing.

  11. Letter Responding to Requests for Information Made by Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Generating Station in Alexandria, Virginia Answer of Potomac Electric Power Company and PJM lnterconnection, L.L.C. to the October 6, 2005 motion filed by the Virginia Department...

  12. User requirements for geo-collaborative work with spatio-temporal data in a web-based virtual globe environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Köbben, Barend

    environment Zornitza Yovcheva*, Corné P.J.M. van Elzakker, Barend Köbben University of Twente, Faculty ITC, P). The same holds true for geo- collaborative tools (MacEachren, 2005). Here the challenge is even higher

  13. 346 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 18, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2003 Congestion-Management Schemes: A Comparative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    . These were selected to illustrate the various CM approaches in use: England and Wales, Norway, Sweden, PJM is with the Department of Electric Power Engineering, Royal In- stitute of Technology, Stockholm S-100 44, Sweden

  14. Information Concerning Reliability Impacts under Various System...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of the Mirant Potomac River Plant Docket No. EO-05-01: PJM Interconnection, L.L.C. and PEPCO Holdings, Inc. is hereby providing you with additional information concerning...

  15. Overview of Demand Side Response

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) Fall 2008 meeting—discusses the utility PJM's demand side response (DSR) capabilities, including emergency and economic responses.

  16. Electricity Advisory Committee Meeting Presentations October...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Systems - Vision for the Grid of the Future Robin Podmore, IncSys Eugene Litvinov, ISO-New England Tom O'Brien, PJM Presentation to the EAC - Grid Modernization - Anjan Bose...

  17. Megawatts vs. Negawatts: how a little can do a lot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In some quarters there is increased emphasis on overall reduction of energy usage from customers. One indication of the growing significance of negawatts is apparent at PJM Interconnection, where customers are encouraged to bid negative load into the wholesale market in direct competition with megawatts. This negative load, while not large in absolute terms relative to the 164 GW size of the PJM market, is nevertheless critical in introducing an element of price elasticity into what would otherwise be a virtually inelastic demand.

  18. Regional measurements of /sup 14/Cmisonidazole distribution and blood flow in subcutaneous RT-9 experimental tumors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blasberg, R.; Horowitz, M.; Strong, J.; Molnar, P.; Patlak, C.; Owens, E.; Fenstermacher, J.

    1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Regional (/sup 14/C)misonidazole-derived radioactivity (MISO*) was measured by quantitative autoradiography in s.c. RT-9 experimental tumors 0.5, 2, and 4 h after an i.v. bolus (25 mg) and constant infusion (10 mg/h) in rats. Misonidazole (MISO) concentration in plasma, tumor, and other tissues was also measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography. The distribution of MISO* in the tumors always resulted in a characteristic pattern with high peripheral and low central values. The high-activity regions in the tumor rim achieved tissue: plasma MISO* activity ratios of 0.97 and 2.2 by 0.5 and 4 h, respectively; for central tumor regions, this ratio was 0.20 and 0.32 for the same periods, respectively. The limited distribution of MISO* to central tumor regions could be correlated to low values of blood flow (measured with (/sup 131/I)iodoantipyrine) and to diffusion from peripheral tumor regions. Low blood flow in the central regions of these tumors will significantly limit the distribution of MISO and other drugs to viable-appearing cells in these areas and could account in part for the failures of chemotherapy in certain solid tumors. Pharmacokinetic modeling indicates that 1 to 9 h may be necessary for MISO concentrations in some tumor regions to reach 50% of that in plasma.

  19. Response of an experimental mammary carcinoma to fractionated x-irradiation with misonidazole and microwave hyperthermia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldfeder, A.; Brown, D.M.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X/Gf mice bearing the MT2 mammary adenocarcinoma were subjected to 4000 rad of x rays given either as a single dose, or five daily fractions of 800 rad. Additional experimental groups were treated with either short term localized microwave hyperthermia (LMH), or the hypoxic cell radiosensitizer misonidazole (MISO), or both hyperthermia plus MISO with x rays. The combined use of MISO plus 42.5/sup 0/C with x rays was superior to the other treatment regimens as assessed by tumor regrowth delay and mean survival time. However, for the five fraction schedule, the addition of MISO plus hyperthermia was not as effective as observed for the single dose treatment. This may be attributed to reoxygenation of the hypoxic tumor cells between treatment fractions. MISO retention in tumor tissue under ambient and hyperthermic conditions was studied. The application of heat locally to the tumors caused a significant increase in MISO tumor concentration. However, after four x ray fractions the influence on MISO concentration by hyperthermia in the tumors could not be demonstrated.

  20. Tissue distribution of sup 14 C- and sup 3 H-labelled misonidazole in the tumor-bearing mouse

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cobb, L.M.; Nolan, J.; Butler, S. (MRC Radiobiology Unit, Didcot, Oxon (England))

    1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The retention of labelled misonidazole (MISO) was measured in a range of normal tissues in the mouse 24 hr after the intravenous injection of ({sup 14}C)MISO (ring labelled) and ({sup 3}H)-MISO (side-arm labelled). For ({sup 14}C)MISO the 24 hr tissue retention, in order of the highest to the lowest levels (excluding pathways of excretion), was esophageal epithelium, liver, foot pad, eyelid, lung, subcutaneous lung tumor (A110), esophageal wall, uterus, eye ball, blood, salivary gland, spleen, voluntary muscle, pancreas, inguinal fat. It was assumed that the {sup 14}C represented MISO metabolite(s) bound to macromolecules. An approximately similar pattern was observed for ({sup 3}H)MISO, but a higher percentage of the injected activity per gram of tissue was retained, probably due to the presence of tritiated water in the tissues. It has generally been assumed that significant levels of MISO binding are restricted to hypoxic tissues, for example tumors, but the present results show that significant levels of binding can also occur in apparently normoxic tissues. The explanation is put forward that this binding may be due to local high levels of nitroreductase capacity.

  1. Effect of prolonged high dose misonidazole on tumor response to radiation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McNally, N.J.; de Ronde, J.; Hinchliffe, M.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    WHFIB and SA F tumors were exposed to misonidazole (MISO) concentrations of 2.5 mM or more for up to 4 hours (SA F) or 6 hours (WHFIB). There was no increase in the MISO enhancement ratio (SER) in the SA F for a 4 hour exposure to MISO relative to that following a single injection. In the WHFIB tumor, the ER increased from 2.2 for a single MISO injection to 2.5 for a 4 hour contact with MISO for tumor growth delay, and from 2.1 to 2.3 for a cloning assay. Prolonged contact with MISO was toxic and reduced the body temperature by 4 to 5/sup 0/C. For WHFIB cells in vitro, when the contact time (in hypoxia) with 2.5 mM MISO was increased from 0.5 to 2.5 hours, the ER increased from 2.1 to 2.9 at 37/sup 0/C and from 1.9 to 2.5 at 33/sup 0/C.

  2. PRE-STUDY COMMENTS OF IOWA UTILITIES BOARD ON DOE 2012 ELECTRIC...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    should be considered in the DOE study. There are two utilities in Iowa that own transmission lines - MidAmerican, and ITC Midwest LLC (ITCM). MISO has operational control of...

  3. Comparative distribution of misonidazole and its amine metabolite in female Swiss Webster mice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Born, J.L.; Hadley, W.M.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of misonidazole and its terminal reduction product 1-(2-amino-1-imidazolyl)-3-methoxy-2-propanol (misoamine) were compared in female Swiss Webster mice to determine if either misonidazole or misoamine is distributed to peripheral nerves. Female Swiss Webster mice received a 100 mg/kg (5 ..mu..Ci/..mu..mole) i.p. dose of either /sup 3/H-misonidazole or /sup 3/H-miso-amine and the distribution of radioactivity was determined in various tissues including sciatic nerves and other myelinated nerves. Misonidazole produced higher initial tissue concentrations of radioactivity than did miso-amine. The relative tissue concentrations of radioactivity produced by misonidazole or miso-amine were similar, although not identical, 48 hours after administration of the drugs. Both sciatic and other myelinated nerves were found to retain radioactivity following the administration of either misonidazole or miso-amine.

  4. Effect of vitamin B/sub 6/ on the neurotoxicity and pharmacology of desmethylmisonidazole and misonidazole: clinical and laboratory studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, C.N.; Hirst, V.K.; Brown, D.M.; Halsey, J.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The clinical usefulness of misonidazole (MISO) and desmethylmisonidazole (DMM) is severely limited by neurotoxicity. Based on theoretical considerations and on laboratory data suggesting that pyridoxine (PN) decreased MISO toxicity in mice. The authors attempted to ameliorate the clinical neuropathy of DMM using oral PN. Pharmacokinetic analysis suggested interaction of PN and DMM but no protection against neuropathy was observed. Serial experiments with C3H and BALB/c mice were done using various forms of vitamin B/sub 6/ (PN, pyridoxal, pyridoxal phosphate) administered orally and i.p. No consistent protection was observed. Dexamethasone did not alter MISO toxicity in mice, contrary to the clinical findings. They conclude that vitamin B/sub 6/ is not useful in preventing clinical neurotoxicity of MISO or DMM.

  5. Midwest Independent System Operator (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (MISO) is a Regional Transmission Organization, which administers wholesale electricity markets in all or parts of 11 U.S. states and the Canadian...

  6. SMALL PLATES TODAY'S SOUP 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    baba ganoush EGG SALAD 9 Nature's Farm Smart Eggs · lettuce · Bothwell cheddar · celery · onions #12 back ribs house miso chili glaze fresh slaw rice CHICKEN 19 chicken breast mashed potatoes

  7. DECODE-AND-FORWARD RELAY BEAMFORMING FOR SECRECY WITH IMPERFECT CSI AND MULTIPLE EAVESDROPPERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chockalingam, A.

    the eavesdropper gets no information while the intended receiver gets the information reliably. Wyner's work perfect knowledge of channel state information (CSI); SISO [4], [5], SIMO [6], MISO [7]- [9], and MIMO [10

  8. SUBMITTED TO IEEE TRANS. WIRELESS COMMNS., NOV. 2009 1 An Orthogonal Relay Protocol with Improved

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    the reliability of data transmission over wireless fading channels. In orthogonal relay protocols the source for the half-duplex relay channel is same as that of an equivalent multiple-input single-output (MISO) channel

  9. Cooperative Multiplexing in the Multiple Antenna Half Duplex Relay Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikolic, Borivoje

    to improve the reliability and throughput of wireless commu- nication. While recent work has shown that relay MISO DMT bound has recently been shown [5] to be achievable. In this paper we study the DMT

  10. Energy-Efficient Clustering/Routing for Cooperative MIMO Operation in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krunz, Marwan M.

    . The transmission mode can be one of four transmit/receive configurations: 1 × 1 (SISO), 2 × 1 (MISO), 1 × 2 (SIMO research. Diversity gain can be used to improve link reliability (i.e., lower the BER), extend the comm

  11. 912 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 17, NO. 5, MAY 2013 Decode-and-Forward Relay Beamforming for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chockalingam, A.

    security through physical layer mechanisms, where the intended receiver gets the information reliably while powers has been reported for multiple-input single-output (MISO) channels. It has been further shown

  12. Decentralized Power Control with Two-way Training for Multiple Access

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    to a single receiver, multiple antenna systems have been employed to increase reliability or the supported and nearly a two-fold improvement at all multiplexing gains. The MISO (Multiple Input Single Output) model

  13. Space-Time Block Coding for Frequency-Selective and Time-Varying Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langendoen, Koen

    such as channel capacity and reliability [2]. Space-time block coding (STBC) [3], [4] has been introduced for a multiple-input single-output (MISO) system with 2 transmit antennas and 1 receive antenna

  14. Linear Processing for the Downlink in Multiuser MIMO Systems with Multiple Data Streams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adve, Raviraj

    the reliability and data rate of a transmission. More recently, researchers have investigated using downlink problem with individual SINR constraints in a multiple-input single-output (MISO) system, i

  15. Statistically Adaptive Spatial Multiplexing for Time-varying Correlated MIMO Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayeed, Akbar M.

    decreases according to the order MIMO>{MISO, SIMO}>SISO and decreases for fewer antennas in each case. Index and reliability of wireless communication links and are often referred to as multiple-input multiple- output (MIMO

  16. Software Implementation of Spatial Interweave Cognitive Radio Communication using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    for a CR system in which a multiple-input single-output (MISO) secondary link, wants to opportunistically with antenna coupling effects, it is possible to find reliable calibration parameters. The same authors

  17. Deploy IBM DB2 pureScale feature on IBM Power Benefit from the shared disk architecture of DB2 pureScale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of DB2 pureScale Skill Level: Intermediate Miso Cilimdzic (cilimdzi@ca.ibm.com) DB2 Performance Manager Tivoli® System Automation for Multiplatforms (Tivoli SA MP) software · IBM Reliable Scalable Clustering

  18. DOI:01.IJCOM.02.03. ACEEE Int. J. on Communication, Vol. 02, No. 03, Nov2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    improves reliability and transmission rates achievable in wireless systems [1­6], the improvement comes-varying optimal antenna subset. Early work on antenna selection focused on selection in MISO/SIMO systems

  19. Oscar Bejarano Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -antennaResearch Interests systems exploiting Multi-User Beamforming and virtual MISO techniques. Ph.D., Electrical portable and reliable wiring systems for testing areas · Developed product testing computer programs

  20. BEAMFORMING MAXIMIZES THE RANK ONE RICEAN MIMO COMPOUND CAPACITY Ami Wiesel, Yonina C. Eldar and Shlomo Shamai (Shitz)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eldar, Yonina

    The use of multiple transmit and receive antennas is known to improve the capacity and reliability output (MISO) channel was considered. In this work, the structure of the The authors were supported

  1. Bit-Interleaved Coded Multiple Beamforming with Imperfect CSIT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayanoglu, Ender

    systems, with an increase in reliability and spectral efficiency [3], [4], [5]. While the advantages beamforming in a multi-input single-output (MISO) setting where they designed codebooks via the generalized

  2. Maximizing Sum Rate and Minimizing MSE on Multiuser Downlink: Optimality, Fast Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiang, Mung

    -Input-Single-Output (MISO) channel, where the transmitter (at the base station) is equipped with an antenna array and each, e.g., increasing the total throughput (sum rates) or the total reliability in the system. Joint

  3. Cooperative Network Coding Next Generation Technology for Today's Warfighter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Zygmunt J.

    Communications to produce superior network reliability and provide inherent security features, while improving it towards the next cluster. 3.Nodes, in cluster 2 through K, receive the combination packets and act as MISO

  4. On Stochastic Feedback Control for Multi-antenna Beamforming: Formulation and Low-Complexity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Ben

    for transmit beam- forming in multiple-input-single-output (MISO) systems, and design practical implementation and reliability over a wireless link in a slow fading environ- ment [1]. The actual beamforming gain achieved

  5. 2003 4th IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vázquez, Gregori

    will include multiple antenna to increase the link capacity or reliability [l]. In these systems, spatial-output (MISO) communication system. Specifically, we consider that the transmitted signal is space-time coded

  6. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 60, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2012 1 Max-Min SINR Coordinated Multipoint Downlink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chee Wei

    , we study the multiple-input-single-output (MISO) transmit beamforming and power control problem. We links to enhance the reliability of the links between mobile users and the serving base station

  7. 1 GEP problem development 1.1 Simple GEP statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCalley, James D.

    is used to identify the percentage of a windfarm's capacity which should be identified for reliability, MISO was using 13.3% capacity credit for wind [1]. Capacity credits for solar are generally higher

  8. Unquantized and Uncoded Channel State Information Feedback in Multiple Antenna Multiuser Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mandayam, Narayan

    channels, auto re- gressive process, MMSE receiver, spatial pre-filtering, MISO systems. This work theoretic sense) for it to be reliable? Are there ways to mitigate the delay (which is theoretically

  9. 802.11 with Multiple Antennas for Dummies Daniel Halperin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetherall, David

    . It is responsible for superior performance, reliability and range. In this tu- torial, we provide a brief that uses one transmit antenna and one receive antenna. SIMO and MISO systems also exist, as we will see

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 59, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2011 5013 Solutions for the MIMO Gaussian Wiretap Channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    the general MIMO case, and is not restricted to SISO or MISO scenarios. Index Terms--Cooperative jamming capacity, which quantifies the maximum rate at which a transmitter can reliably send a secret message

  11. On-Line Fault Diagnosis of Dynamic Systems via Robust Parameter Identification Gerard Blocha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    of faults, their isolation and their identification is presented. The systems considered are MISO systems the individual reliability of the different pieces of equipment, and by developing systematic preventive mainte

  12. Dirty Paper Coding Versus Linear GSVD-Based Precoding in MIMO Broadcast Channel with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    the maximum rate at which a transmitter can reliably send a secret message to the receiver, without-output (MISO) Gaussian case, and [4] considered the general MIMO Gaussian case. It was shown in [4] that, under

  13. MIMO Time Reversal Communications Hee-Chun Song

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Shengli

    Keywords: Time reversal mirror, MIMO 1. INTRODUCTION Reliable, high data rate acoustic communications correspond to the downlink (from the base station to a user, MISO) and the uplink (from a user to a base

  14. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 59, NO. 12, DECEMBER 2011 6127 Maximizing Sum Rate and Minimizing MSE on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Chee Wei

    . INTRODUCTION WE consider multiuser downlink transmission on a mul- tiple-input-single-output (MISO) channel Object Identifier 10.1109/TSP.2011.2165065 rates) or the total reliability in the system. Joint

  15. IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 31, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2013 1701 On the Optimality of Linear Precoding for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swindlehurst, A. Lee

    the maximum rate at which a transmitter can reliably send a secret message to a receiver, without were established. Further work in [3] studied the multiple-input single-output (MISO) Gaussian case

  16. 3196 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 58, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2010 Space Shift Keying (SSK) Modulation with Partial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    information for optimal receiver design. This latter result highlights the importance of accurate and reliable Terms--Spatial modulation (SM), space shift keying (SSK) modulation, multiple-input-single-output (MISO

  17. Performance of Closed Form and Iterative MU-MIMO Precoders for Different Broadcast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    in improving both reliability and capacity of the system. Some theoretical analysis of the capacity, and Hassibi) algorithm proposed in [12] as it is an iterative algorithm for MU-MISO sumrate maximization based

  18. Efficient Feedback Signaling using Multi-Channel Selection Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gesbert, David

    -input multiple-output (MIMO) systems have been one of key techniques to achieve high rate and high reliability for the multiple-input single-output (MISO) BC is obtained by applying the Costa precoding at the transmitter

  19. 1186 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INFORMATION THEORY, VOL. 54, NO. 3, MARCH 2008 DiversityMultiplexing Tradeoff and Outage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Yong Hoon

    is derived. The DMT and outage performance are also analyzed for Rician mul- tiple-input­single-output (MISO- icantly improve link reliability by transmit diversity such as space­time coding [4], [5]. However

  20. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 Internation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to NISO from MISO and IESO 10-13-11.pdf More Documents & Publications Application for Presidential permit OE Docket No. PP-230-4 International Transmission Company: Comments...

  1. Midwest Transmission Workshop II Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin Bryan

    2002-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    OAK-B135 After introductions of all participants, Abby Arnold, RESOLVE, reviewed the purpose of the meeting and the agenda. The purpose of the workshop was to share the results of the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) scenario development for wind and other fuel sources and the corresponding implications for transmission throughout the MISO control area. The workshop agenda is included in Attachment A.

  2. Synthesis of [F-18] fluoroetanidazole for hypoxia imaging evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, J.L.; Berridge, M.S. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States)]|[Univ. Hospitals of Cleveland, OH (United States)

    1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently there has been an increased interest in new imaging markers for hypoxia. Among them misonidazole (MISO) derivatives based on the 2-nitro-imidazole ring have received considerable attention. Previous studies have shown that MISO was metabolically trapped in living hypoxic cells. Its fluorinated derivative, FMISO, when labeled with F-18 and used for PET represented a promising means of detection of hypoxia in tumors and in ischemic heart and brain.

  3. EE6170 Intro. to Wireless & Cellular Communications Problem Set 5 March 30, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhashyam, Srikrishna

    capacity at 0 dB and 10 dB SNR for an outage probability 0.1. 4. (T & V 5.15) Consider the MISO channel is zero mean and has a covariance matrix Kx . Argue that the maximum achievable reliable rate of com}U. 5. (T & V 5.16) Above problem shows that for the i.i.d. Rayleigh slow fading MISO channel, one can

  4. Depletion of glutathione in vivo as a method of improving the therapeutic ratio of misonidazole and SR 2508. [BSO; DEM

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yu, N.Y.; Brown, J.M.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH) can enhance misonidazole (MISO) radiosensitizing efficacy both in vivo and in vitro. However, such treatments may also enhance the systemic toxicity in animals. The purpose of the present study was to test various ways of depleting GSH levels in a variety of experimental mouse tumors, to measure the improvement in the efficacy of MISO and its less toxic analog SR 2508 by this depletion, and to determine the effect of daily GSH depletion on the toxicity MISO and SR 2508. GSH levels were measured daily for 5 days in tumors, livers and brains of mice injected daily with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO), with or without diethylmaleate (DEM). Daily doses of BSO depleted tumor levels of GSH to 20 to 40% of controls by 6 hr after each injection. Injection of DEM 6 hr after BSO further enhanced the depletion. Administration of MISO or SR 2508 at the time of maximum GSH depletion enhanced the MISO efficacy by factors of 2.6 to 8 for depletion to 8% of controls by BSO + DEM, but no enhancement of SR 2508 was seen with tumors at 20% GSH levels achieved with BSO alone in the preliminary experiment. The chronic toxicity of MISO was enhanced not at all or by a factor of up to 2 for BSO and BSO + DEM respectively.

  5. Increasing transmission loadability by the application of shunt capacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palmer, R.

    1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The companies located in the eastern portion of the Pennsylvania-New Jersey-Maryland Interconnection (PJM) have installed oil-fired generation to meet strict environmental requirements. In an attempt to reduce the use of oil, PJM has been purchasing energy from systems to the west of PJM where the primary fuel is coal. These west-to-east energy transfers have increased the loading on the 500kV transmission system. The heavy loadings have resulted in voltage limitations on the 500kV system that limit flows to well below the thermal capability. Results of an analysis of this problem and recommendations for removing the voltage limitations are presented. It is primarily recommended to use shunt capacitors to supply the transmission system reactive losses.

  6. Development progress of the Materials Analysis and Particle Probe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lucia, M., E-mail: mlucia@pppl.gov; Kaita, R.; Majeski, R.; Boyle, D. P.; Schmitt, J. C.; Onge, D. A. St. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), Princeton, New Jersey 08543 (United States); Bedoya, F.; Allain, J. P. [Department of Nuclear, Plasma, and Radiological Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC), Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The Materials Analysis and Particle Probe (MAPP) is a compact in vacuo surface science diagnostic, designed to provide in situ surface characterization of plasma facing components in a tokamak environment. MAPP has been implemented for operation on the Lithium Tokamak Experiment at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), where all control and analysis systems are currently under development for full remote operation. Control systems include vacuum management, instrument power, and translational/rotational probe drive. Analysis systems include onboard Langmuir probes and all components required for x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, low-energy ion scattering spectroscopy, direct recoil spectroscopy, and thermal desorption spectroscopy surface analysis techniques.

  7. Computing GIC in large power systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prabhakara, F.S. (Power Technologies, Inc., Schenectady, NY (United States)); Ponder, J.Z.; Towle, J.N.

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On March 13, 1989, a severe geomagnetic disturbance affected power and communications systems in the North American continent. Since the geomagnetic disturbance, several other disturbances have occurred. The Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Maryland (PJM) Interconnection system, its member companies, and some of the neighboring utilities experienced the geomagnetic induced current (GIC) effects on March 13, 1989, as well as during the subsequent geomagnetic disturbances. As a result, considerable effort is being focused on measurement, analysis, and mitigation of GIC in the PJM system. Some of the analytical and computational work completed so far is summarized in this article.

  8. Partial hypoxia as a cause of radioresistance in a human tumor xenograft: its influence illustrated by the sensitizing effect of misonidazole and hyperbaric oxygen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reynaud-Bougnoux, A.; Lespinasse, F.; Malaise, E.P.; Guichard, M.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While previous studies with three human tumor xenografts suggest that contact-resistance plays a major role in the response of these tumors to radiation, it remains possible that partial hypoxia may provide an alternate explanation. The present study was carried out to check this possibility by investigating the influence of misonidazole (MISO) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on both the initial and distal components of the survival curves of HRT18 tumor cells. The effect of a challenge dose of radiation on the initial radioresistance of this tumor was also studied. To assess the effects of MISO and HBO, tumor cell survival was determined by excision assay in two groups of tumor-bearing mice, one given MISO (1 mg/g body weight, i.p.) 45 min before irradiation and the other exposed to HBO (3.5 bars). MISO treatment caused greater sensitization than HBO. The enhancement ratios at the 5.10(-1) level were 1.7 (MISO) and 1.7 (HBO); at the 10(-1) level, they were 1.6 (MISO) and 1.4 (HBO); while at 10(-2), they were 1.6 (MISO) and 1.4 (HBO). These two sensitizing effects favor the hypothesis that solid tumors contain a compartment of partially hypoxic cells. To study the effect of a challenge radiation dose on initial radioresistance, tumors were given a challenge dose of 8 Gy, followed 24-48 hr later by doses ranging from 2-12 Gy. The challenge dose did not modify the shape of the survival curve.

  9. Hypoxic cell radiosensitizers: expectations and progress in drug development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, C.N.

    1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    When misonidazole (MISO) was introduced into clinical trials there were great expectations that the cure rate of many tumors would be dramatically increased. The lack of efficacy of MISO discouraged further studies with hypoxic cell sensitizers. In recent years superior sensitizers SR 2508 and RO-03-8799 have been introduced into the clinic. SR 2508 is less neurotoxic than MISO, allowing more than three times the total amount of drug to be administered. Furthermore, based on the analysis of a patient's plasma pharmacokinetic profile, neurotoxicity may be largely avoidable. RO-03-8799 is superior in that it produces a higher sensitizer enhancement ratio than MISO for the same administered dose. Unlike with MISO and SR 2508, the dose of RO-03-8799 that can be administered is limited by acute toxicity with no cumulative toxicity having yet been encountered. Study design has improved and the expected clinical benefit from sensitizers has been clarified. Sensitizers, like particle radiation therapy and hyperthemia will, if successful, effect the rate of local tumor control, but cannot improve the cure rate of patients with preexisting metastatic disease. Taking into account the need to optimize reoxygenation, the various reasons for tumor radioresistance other than hypoxia, and the lower oxygen and sensitizer enhancement ratios at 200 cGy per fraction, it is likely that sensitizers will provide some clinical benefit for patients with selected tumor types.

  10. Characteristics of fluorinated nitroazoles as hypoxic cell radiosensitizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shibamoto, Y.; Nishimoto, S.; Shimokawa, K.; Hisanaga, Y.; Zhou, L.; Wang, J.; Sasai, K.; Takahashi, M.; Abe, M.; Kagiya, T.

    1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Types of 2-nitroimidazoles and 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazoles bearing one or two fluorine atoms on their side chains were synthesized to evaluate their physicochemical properties, radiosensitizing effects, and toxicity. The reduction potential of the compounds containing one fluorine was similar to that of misonidazole (MISO), whereas that of the difluorinated compounds was slightly higher. Both mono- and difluorinated compounds had an in vitro sensitizing activity comparable to or slightly higher than that of MISO. The fluorinated 3-nitrotriazoles were almost as efficient as the 2-nitroimidazoles with the same substituent. In vivo, some of the compounds were up to twice more efficient than MISO, whereas others were as efficient as MISO. Toxicity in terms of LD50/7 in mice was quite variable depending on the side-chain structure; the amide derivatives were less toxic than MISO, whereas the alcohol and ether derivatives were more toxic. In view of the radiosensitizing effect and toxicity in vivo, at least one compound, KU-2285 (a 2-nitroimidazole with an N1-substituent of: CH2CF2CONHCH2CH2OH) has been found to be as useful a hypoxic cell sensitizer as SR-2508.

  11. Pharmacokinetics and toxicology of continuously infused nitroimidazoles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eifel, P.J.; Brown, J.M.

    1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The pharmacokinetics and toxicology of misonidazole (MISO) and SR-2508 given by continuous intraperitoneal infusion were studied in female C/sub 3/H mice. The survival (time to death) of animals receiving continuous infusions of SR-2508 and MISO was compared and related to plasma concentration, rate of infusion and total amount of drug delivered. Brain and plasma concentrations were determined by HPLC. For SR-2508, plasma concentration was directly proportional to the infusion rate. However, as the infusion rate of MISO was doubled, the plasma concentration of MISO increased approximately 6-fold, reflecting a substantial increase in the apparent half-life. The brain/plasma concentration ratio in animals infused for up to 6 days with SR-2508 remained constant, at approximately 0.09. At plasma concentrations of 0.08-1.5 mM, animals receiving SR-2508 survived approximately 3 times as long as animals exposed to a comparable plasma concentration of MISO. Even at the lowest infusion rates employed in this study, the survival of mice receiving SR-2508 was much shorter than would have been predicted if the toxicity of these two drugs were solely related to the integral brain exposure. The low brain/plasma concentration ratio of SR-2508 was maintained throughout long continuous exposures.

  12. Initial pharmacology and toxicology of intravenous desmethylmisonidazole

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coleman, C.N. (Stanford Univ., CA); Wasserman, T.H.; Phillips, T.L.; Strong, J.M.; Urtasun, R.C.; Schwade, J.G.; Johnson, R.J.; Zagars, G.

    1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since January 1981, 52 patients have entered the Radiaton Therapy Oncology Group Phase I trial with intravenous (i.v.) desmethylmisonidazole (DMM). DMM is less lipophilic than misonidazole (MISO) and theoretically will be less neurotoxic due to lower penetration into neural tissue and more rapid elimination. The drug is administered intravenously to achieve the maximum drug concentration in tumor for a given dose. The protocol slowly escalates the total dose of drug administered. At this time the planned dose on the three week schedule is 1 g/m/sup 2/ twice weekly to a total dose of 17.5g/m/sup 2/. The preliminary plasma pharmacokinetic data demonstrates high peak plasma levels within five minutes of the end of the drug infusion. Compared to MISO the percent of DMM excreted in the urine is increased, 63% vs 10%, and the elimination half-life is decreased: DMM, i.v. 5.3h; MISO, i.v. 9.3h; MISO, oral 10 to 13h. Neurotoxicity has been observed in approximately 30% of patients given a cumulative dose of >11g/m/sup 2/. This is in comparison to a 50% incidence in RTOG Phase 1 study with oral MISO at doses of 12g/m/sup 2/. There is not sufficient data to evaluate the relationship between neurotoxicity and drug exposure. Further patient accrual on this study is required to better define the properties of DMN.

  13. Effects of glutathione depletion by buthionine sulfoximine on radiosensitization by oxygen and misonidazole in vitro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shrieve, D.C.; Denekamp, J.; Minchinton, A.I.

    1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) has been used to deplete glutathione (GSH) in V79-379A cells in vitro, and the effect on the efficiency of oxygen and misonidazole (MISO) as radiosensitizers has been determined. Treatment with 50 or 500 ..mu..M BSO caused a rapid decline in GSH content to less than 5% of control values after 10 hr of exposure. Removal of BSO resulted in a rapid regeneration of GSH after 50 ..mu..M BSO, but little regeneration was observed over the subsequent 10-hr period after 500 ..mu..M. Cells irradiated in monolayer on glass had an oxygen enhancement ratio (OER) of 3.1. After 10-14 hr pretreatment with 50 ..mu..M BSO, washed cells were radiosensitized by GSH depletion at all oxygen tensions tested. The OER was reduced to 2.6, due to greater radiosensitization of hypoxic cells than aerated ones by GSH depletion. In similar experiments performed with MISO, an enhancement ratio of 2.0 could be achieved with 0.2 mM MISO in anoxic BSO-pretreated cells, compared to 2.7 mM MISO in non-BSO-treated cells. These apparent increases in radiosensitizer efficiency in GSH-depleted cells could be explained on the basis of radiosensitization of hypoxic cells by GSH depletion alone. These results are consistent with hypoxic cell radiosensitization by GSH depletion and by MISO or oxygen acting by separate mechanisms.

  14. In vivo radiosensitizing effect of nitroimidazole derivative KIN-804

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tada, Takuhito (Osaka-Prefectural Habikino Hospital, Habikino-City (Japan) Osaka City Univ. Medical School (Japan)); Nakajima, Toshifumi; Onoyama, Yasuto (Osaka City Univ. Medical School (Japan)); Murayama, Chieko; Mori, Yomoyuki (Tokai Univ. School of Medicine (Japan)); Nagasawa, Hideko (Keio Univ., Tokyo (Japan)); Hori, Hitoshi (Tokushima Univ. (Japan)); Inayama, Seiichi (Keio Univ., Tokyo (Japan) Tokushima Univ. (Japan))

    1994-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In vivo characteristics of 2-nitroimidazole-1-methylacetohydroxamate (KIN-804), which is a newly developed hypoxic cell radiosensitizer, are presented. The toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and radiosensitizing effect of KIN-804 were studied by in vivo experiments using C3H/He mice bearing the SCCVII tumor. Results were compared with misonidazole (MISO). LD[sub 50]7 of KIN-804 and MISO were 3200 mg/kg and 2000 mg/kg, respectively. The peak concentration of KIN-804 in the tumor occurred 20 min after intraperitoneal injection and reached about 62% of the maximum concentration in the blood. The concentrations in brain and sciatic nerve were very low and clearance from sciatic nerve was rapid. Enhancement ratios of KIN-804 calculated using the growth delay method were 1.22, 1.50, and 1.71 at doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg, respectively, compared with 1.36 for MISO at a dose of 100 mg/kg. In the TCD[sub 50] assay, enhancement ratios at a dose of 200 mg/kg were 1.69 for KIN-804 and 1.52 for MISO, respectively. KIN-804 is a promising radiosensitizer since it shows less toxicity and higher radiosensitizing activity than MISO. 10 refs., 5 figs.

  15. Misonidazole combined with hyperfractionation in the management of malignant glioma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fulton, D.S.; Urtasun, R.C.; Shin, K.H.; Geggie, P.H.S.; Thomas, H.; Muller, P.J.; Moody, J.; Tanasichuk, H.; Mielke, B.; Johnson, E.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple daily fractionated radiation therapy (MDF) may be more effective than conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (CF) in the treatment of malignant glioma. The hypoxic cell sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) could be more effective when employed with small fractions of radiation every 4 hours to take advantage of the long half-life of the drug. To evaluate MDF and MDF in combination with MISO, a randomized prospective trial was initiated. Between January 1981, and December 1982, patients with histologically verified astrocytoma with anaplastic foci or glioblastoma multiforme were randomized to CF, MDF and MDF in combination with MISO. In January 1983, the CF arm was dropped and a high dose MDF arm added. CCNU chemotherapy was given at the time of tumor progression. Median survival was 29 weeks for CF, 45 weeks for MDF and 50 weeks for MDF plus MISO. Survival was significantly improved for patients treated with MDF compared to patients treated with CF. The addition of MISO to MDF did not result in further improvement in survival. Acute toxicity was acceptable.

  16. Potentiation of melphalan activity in the KHT sarcoma by the radiosensitizer RSU 1069

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Siemann, D.W.; Maddison, K.; Wolf, K.

    1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The radiation sensitizer misonidazole (MISO) has been shown to potentiate the cytotoxic action of a variety of anti-cancer agents. Even larger enhancement ratios than those observed with MISO have been found with certain other nitroimidazoles. One agent reported to be particularly effective in combination with the chemotherapeutic agent melphalan is the sensitizer RSU 1069. The present studies therefore were designed to evaluate the effect of combining these two agents in the treatment of intramuscularly growing KHT sarcomas. Tumor response was assessed using an in vivo to in vitro clonogenic cell survival assay. When given at times ranging from 60 min before to 30 min after melphalan exposure, RSU 1069 was found to increase the tumoricidal activity of the chemotherapeutic agent. Complete dose response curves combining RSU 1069 and a range of melphalan doses then were determined. For comparison the effects of combining MISO or benznidazole (BENZO) with melphalan also were evaluated. When combined with melphalan, doses of RSU 1069, BENZO and MISO were found to yield dose modifying factors of 1.6, 1.5, and 1.4, respectively. These results indicate that potentiation of melphalan activity occurs at RSU 1069 doses which are approximately 10-fold lower than those of MISO, making this sensitizer as effective a potentiator of melphalan as so far tested in the KHT sarcoma.

  17. The potential impacts of a competitive wholesale market in the midwest: A preliminary examination of centralized dispatch

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Bartholomew, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.; Hale, Douglas; Luong, Thanh

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In March 2005, the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) will begin operating the first-ever wholesale market for electricity in the central and upper Midwestern portion of the United States. Region-wide, centralized, security-constrained, bid-based dispatch will replace the current system of decentralized dispatch by individual utilities and control areas. This report focuses on how the operation of generators may change under centralized dispatch. We analyze a stylized example of these changes by comparing a base case dispatch based on a ''snapshot'' taken from MISO's state estimator for an actual, historical dispatch (4 p.m., July 7, 2003) to a hypothetical, centralized dispatch that seeks to minimize the total system cost of production, using estimated cost data collected by the EIA. Based on these changes in dispatch, we calculate locational marginal prices, which in turn reveals the location of congestion within MISO's footprint, as well as the distribution of congestion revenues. We also consider two sensitivity scenarios that examine (1) the effect of changes in MISO membership (2003 vs. 2004 membership lists), and (2) different load and electrical data, based on a snapshot from a different date and time (1 p.m., Feb. 18, 2004). Although our analysis offers important insights into how the MISO market could operate when it opens, we do not address the question of the total benefits or costs of creating a wholesale market in the Midwest.

  18. Composite Interfaces, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, pp. 125140 (2005) Also available online -www.vsppub.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. After it was heated at 180 C for 5 min, the `activated-extracted remains with infrared (IR). It was reported To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: johnzlu a hydrolyzed form to an anhydride form by heating. MAPP-treated wood fiber was extracted with toluene for 24 h

  19. EIS-0300: Minnesota Agri-Power Project: Biomass for Rural Development, Granite Falls, Minnesota

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This EIS analyzes DOE and the Minnesota Environmental Quality Boards' [MEQB, a Minnesota State agency] decision to support a proposal by the Minnesota Valley Alfalfa Producers (MnVAP) to construct and operate a 75–103 megawatt biomass fueled gasifier and electric generating facility, known as the Minnesota Agri-Power Plant (MAPP), and associated transmission lines and alfalfa processing facilities.

  20. ENERGY EFFICIENT TCP Master's thesis: L. Donckers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Havinga, Paul J.M.

    ENERGY EFFICIENT TCP Master's thesis: L. Donckers CAES/002/01 May, 2001 University of Twente.J.M. Smit dr. ing. P.J.M. Havinga ir. L.T. Smit #12;#12;Energy Efficient TCP L. Donckers I SAMENVATTING Een presteren op meer traditionele punten: throughput en latency. #12;Energy Efficient TCP II #12;L. Donckers