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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Congestion control in charging of electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increasing penetration of electric vehicles over the coming decades, taken together with the high cost to upgrade local distribution networks, and consumer demand for home charging, suggest that managing congestion on low voltage networks will be a crucial component of the electric vehicle revolution and the move away from fossil fuels in transportation. Here, we model the max-flow and proportional fairness protocols for the control of congestion caused by a fleet of vehicles charging on distribution networks. We analyse the inequality in the charging times as the vehicle arrival rate increases, and show that charging times are considerably more uneven in max-flow than in proportional fairness. We also analyse the onset of instability, and find that the critical arrival rate is indistinguishable between the two protocols.

Carvalho, Rui; Gibbens, Richard; Kelly, Frank

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Webinars The Department...

3

“Playboy Bunny” Sign of Congestive Heart Failure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bunny’’ Sign of Congestive Heart Failure Akira Hokama, MD*to evaluate congestive heart failure. We highlight ‘‘Playboycaused by congestive heart failure. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;

Hokama, Akira; Arakaki, Shingo; Shibata, Daisuke; Maeshiro, Tatsuji; Kinjo, Fukunori; Fujita, Jiro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

CONGESTION IN THE ISO-NE ELECTRICITY MARKETS ANNA BARBARA IHRIG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONGESTION IN THE ISO-NE ELECTRICITY MARKETS BY ANNA BARBARA IHRIG THESIS Advisor: Prof. George in charge of operation and control, the ISO-NE. We describe how the ISO-NE administers the energy market in causing congestion is analyzed; no significant correlation was found. In addition, the impacts of the ISO

Gross, George

5

Utility Partnership Webinar Series: State Mandates for Utility Energy Efficiency  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This webinar highlights state mandates from throughout the country, and how they’ve influenced utility industrial energy efficiency programs.

6

EPA and RFS2: Market Impacts of Biofuel Mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

July 2012 EPA and RFS2: Market Impacts of Biofuel Mandate Waiver Options The EPA is required by law to implement biofuel use mandates and it has proposed to waive the cellulosic biofuels other than cellulosic biofuels. If other mandates are decreased, then that imperative to replace

Noble, James S.

7

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register Notice & Comments 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Federal Register Notice & Comments The...

8

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 1221(a) of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, codified at 16 U.S.C....

9

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act...

10

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Section 216(a) of the Federal Power Act, as amended by the Energy Policy Act...

11

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Workshops DOE hosted four regional pre-study workshops to receive input...

12

Mandating Solar Hot Water by California Local Governments: Legal Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the legality of solar mandates in California cities andCITIES & CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION, SOLAR HANDBOOK FORMandating Solar Hot Water By California Local Governments:

Hoffman,, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Panel 4, CPUCs Energy Storage Mandate  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ix CPUC's Energy Storage Mandate: Hydrogen Energy Storage Workshop May 15, 2014 Melicia Charles California Public Utilities Commission ix Overview of CPUC Energy Oversight * The...

14

2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study and Related Materials The 2006 National Congestion...

15

The Impact of Biofuel Mandates on Land Use Suhail Ahmad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Biofuel Mandates on Land Use by Suhail Ahmad B.E., Avionics Engineering National, Technology and Policy Program #12;#12;3 The Impact of Biofuel Mandates on Land Use by Suhail Ahmad Submitted of Master of Science in Technology and Policy ABSTRACT The use of biofuels in domestic transportation sector

16

Chronological History of Federal Fleet Actions and Mandates (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This chronological history of Federal fleet actions and mandates provides a year-by-year timeline of the acts, amendments, executive orders, and other regulations that affect Federal fleets. The fleet actions and mandates included in the timeline span from 1988 to 2009.

Not Available

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

CONGESTION MANAGEMENT ALLOCATION 5.1 Introduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the congestion management allocation scheme. The time frame used here for the consideration of congestion attributable to each transaction. The congestion allocation results are explicitly represented in the IGO devote Section 5.4 to the presentation of numerical results and some discussion of the implementation

Gross, George

18

The impact of biofuel mandates on land use  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The use of biofuels in domestic transportation sector in the United States and European Union is attributed mainly to the binding mandates, Renewable Fuel Standard in the US and European Directive on the Promotion of ...

Ahmad, Suhail, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

- Oklahoma City Workshop 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Oklahoma City Workshop On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City,...

20

DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY National Electric Transmission Congestion...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

National Electric Transmission Congestion Report Docket No. 2007-OE-01, Mid-Atlantic Area National Interest Electric Transmission Corridor; Docket No. 2007-0E-02, Southwest Area...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Preliminary...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Meyer Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability U.S. Department of Energy 2012 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Preliminary Findings Stakeholder...

22

Road Pricing for Congestion Management: The Transition from Theory to Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Congestion Management: The Transition from Theory tofor Congestion Management: The Transition from Theory to

Small, Kenneth A.; Gomez-Ilbanez, Jose A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Crop Production Variability and U.S. Ethanol Mandates  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

projection model – Iowa State University and the University of Missouri FASOM Forest and Agricultural Sector Optimization Model GAMS General Algebraic Modeling System GDP Gross Domestic Product GHG Greenhouse Gas NASS National Agricultural Statistics... Figure 11. 2015 U.S. corn price given 2012 drought sensitivity to marginal decreases in crop ethanol mandates ............................................................... 65 Figure 12. An empirical distribution of yearly corn production...

Jones, Jason P.

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

24

Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Now Available...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Now Available for Public Comment Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Now Available for Public Comment August...

25

Plan to Conduct Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Plan to Conduct Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal Register Volume 76, No. 218 - Nov. 10, 2011 Plan to Conduct Electric Transmission Congestion Study: Federal Register...

26

Credit-Based Congestion Pricing: Policy & Response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/MPP Student Sukumar Kalmanje Congestion Costs Congestion estimated to waste $68 billion per year (fuel + time/peak user/yr in Austin (2000) Wasted Fuel ~ 104 gals/peak user/yr in Austin (2000) Source: 2002 Urban distinctly, based on current demand. Electronic technology uses card-like transponders mounted on cars

Kockelman, Kara M.

27

OA mandate of the MTA -Athens, Oct. 18, 2013 -Holl A. 1 OA mandate of the Hungarian Academy of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

support mechanism: help-desk, administrator network, trainings, materials, Author Addendum ­ technical help: SWORD upload #12;OA mandate of the MTA - Athens, Oct. 18, 2013 - Holl A. 6 Needed: ­ MTA requested consultation/training.) In the framework of SIM4RDM monitoring tool will be developed. OA

Holl, András

28

Fact #771: March 18, 2013 California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

1: March 18, 2013 California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate is Now in Effect Fact 771: March 18, 2013 California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate is Now in Effect A waiver granted by...

29

Essays on airport and airway congestion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Runway and airspace congestion are the primary causes of flight delays in the US. These delays cost airlines and airline customers billions of dollars per year. This thesis consists of two essays. The first essay focuses ...

Schorr, Raphael Avram, 1976-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Congestion in European Airspace A Pricing Solution?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with an increase in demand, and liberalisation with a re- organisation of supply. The new airline strategies are also at the origin of the present air congestion. With liberalisation, reducing costs and organising

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

31

Making the Traffic Operations Case for Congestion Pricing: Operational Impacts of Congestion Pricing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Congestion begins when an excess of vehicles on a segment of roadway at a given time, resulting in speeds that are significantly slower than normal or 'free flow' speeds. Congestion often means stop-and-go traffic. The transition occurs when vehicle density (the number of vehicles per mile in a lane) exceeds a critical level. Once traffic enters a state of congestion, recovery or time to return to a free-flow state is lengthy; and during the recovery process, delay continues to accumulate. The breakdown in speed and flow greatly impedes the efficient operation of the freeway system, resulting in economic, mobility, environmental and safety problems. Freeways are designed to function as access-controlled highways characterized by uninterrupted traffic flow so references to freeway performance relate primarily to the quality of traffic flow or traffic conditions as experienced by users of the freeway. The maximum flow or capacity of a freeway segment is reached while traffic is moving freely. As a result, freeways are most productive when they carry capacity flows at 60 mph, whereas lower speeds impose freeway delay, resulting in bottlenecks. Bottlenecks may be caused by physical disruptions, such as a reduced number of lanes, a change in grade, or an on-ramp with a short merge lane. This type of bottleneck occurs on a predictable or 'recurrent' basis at the same time of day and same day of week. Recurrent congestion totals 45% of congestion and is primarily from bottlenecks (40%) as well as inadequate signal timing (5%). Nonrecurring bottlenecks result from crashes, work zone disruptions, adverse weather conditions, and special events that create surges in demand and that account for over 55% of experienced congestion. Figure 1.1 shows that nonrecurring congestion is composed of traffic incidents (25%), severe weather (15%), work zones, (10%), and special events (5%). Between 1995 and 2005, the average percentage change in increased peak traveler delay, based on hours spent in traffic in a year, grew by 22% as the national average of hours spent in delay grew from 36 hours to 44 hours. Peak delay per traveler grew one-third in medium-size urban areas over the 10 year period. The traffic engineering community has developed an arsenal of integrated tools to mitigate the impacts of congestion on freeway throughput and performance, including pricing of capacity to manage demand for travel. Congestion pricing is a strategy which dynamically matches demand with available capacity. A congestion price is a user fee equal to the added cost imposed on other travelers as a result of the last traveler's entry into the highway network. The concept is based on the idea that motorists should pay for the additional congestion they create when entering a congested road. The concept calls for fees to vary according to the level of congestion with the price mechanism applied to make travelers more fully aware of the congestion externality they impose on other travelers and the system itself. The operational rationales for the institution of pricing strategies are to improve the efficiency of operations in a corridor and/or to better manage congestion. To this end, the objectives of this project were to: (1) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the study of actual projects, and (2) Better understand and quantify the impacts of congestion pricing strategies on traffic operations through the use of modeling and other analytical methods. Specifically, the project was to identify credible analytical procedures that FHWA can use to quantify the impacts of various congestion pricing strategies on traffic flow (throughput) and congestion.

Chin, Shih-Miao [ORNL; Hu, Patricia S [ORNL; Davidson, Diane [ORNL

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Demonstration of Reduced Airport Congestion Through Pushback Rate Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airport surface congestion results in significant increases in taxi times, fuel burn and emissions at major airports. This paper presents the field tests of a control strategy to airport congestion control at Boston Logan ...

Simaiakis, Ioannis

2011-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

33

Congestion Management Requirements, Methods and Performance Indices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission congestion occurs when there is insufficient transmission capacity to simultaneously accommodate all requests for transmission service within a region. Historically, vertically integrated utilities managed this condition by constraining the economic dispatch of generators with the objective of ensuring security and reliability of their own and/or neighboring systems. Electric power industry restructuring has moved generation investment and operations decisions into the competitive market but has left transmission as a communal resource in the regulated environment. This mixing of competitive generation and regulated transmission makes congestion management difficult. The difficulty is compounded by increases in the amount of congestion resulting from increased commercial transactions and the relative decline in the amount of transmission. Transmission capacity, relative to peak load, has been declining in all regions of the U.S. for over a decade. This decline is expected to continue. Congestion management schemes used today have negative impacts on energy markets, such as disruptions and monetary penalties, under some conditions. To mitigate these concerns various congestion management methods have been proposed, including redispatch and curtailment of scheduled energy transmission. In the restructured electric energy industry environment, new congestion management approaches are being developed that strive to achieve the desired degree of reliability while supporting competition in the bulk power market. This report first presents an overview and background on key issues and emerging approaches to congestion management. It goes on to identify and describe policies affecting congestion management that are favored and/or are now being considered by FERC, NERC, and one of the regional reliability councils (WSCC). It reviews the operational procedures in use or proposed by three of the leading independent system operators (ISOs) including ERCOT, California ISO, and PJM. Finally, it presents recommendations for evaluating the competing alternative approaches and developing metrics to use in such evaluations. As with any report concerning electricity restructuring, specific details quickly become dated. Individual utilities, states and regions will inevitably change rules and procedures even during the time it takes to publish a report. Hopefully, the general conclusions are more robust and this report will continue to have value even after some of the specific details have changed.

Kirby, B.J.

2002-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

34

Transmission Pricing and Congestion Management: Efficiency, Simplicity and Open Access  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transmission Pricing and Congestion Management: Efficiency, Simplicity and Open Access Shmuel S-1403 Email OREN@IEOR.Berkeley.edu Abstract Transmission pricing and congestion management are the key the objectives of a transmission pricing and congestion management scheme. I contrast two extreme approaches

Oren, Shmuel S.

35

A Comprehensive Contribution Factor Method for Congestion Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be combined with demand side (load) management to solve the congestion. The congestion management scheme generator re-dispatching alone or combined with demand side management due to the availability of load1 A Comprehensive Contribution Factor Method for Congestion Management H. Song, Student Member

36

Mandating green: On the design of renewable fuel policies and cost containment mechanisms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mandating green: On the design of renewable fuel policies and cost containment mechanisms Gabriel E Workshop and at the Stanford University Precourt Energy Efficiency Center Sustainable Transportation

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

37

TRAFFIC CONGESTION PRICING METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

be differentiated by time of day, road type and vehicle characteristics, and even set in real time according for passenger and freight transportation. The European UNITE project estimated the costs of traffic congestion in the UK to be 15 billion/yr. or 1.5% of GDP (Nash et al., 2003). For France and Germany the estimates were

Boyer, Edmond

38

Shift factors in ERCOT congestion pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and engineering aspects of its implementation. I investigate the economic inefficiencies that are due, I discuss the ERCOT zonal and local congestion management scheme and analyze various economic of scarce transmission resources, 2. provision of economic signals for dispatch, 3. provision of economic

Baldick, Ross

39

Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii: Mandates, Facts & Best OptionsMandates, Facts & Best OptionsMandates, Facts & Best OptionsMandates, Facts & Be  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Island SustainabilityIsland SustainabilityIsland Sustainability Rank GDP per capita Tourists per capita Infra- structureEnergy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii:Energy for Hawaii: Mandates, Facts & Best OptionsMandates, Facts & Best Options

Prevedouros, Panos D.

40

Handling congestion in crowd motion modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We address here the issue of congestion in the modeling of crowd motion, in the non-smooth framework: contacts between people are not anticipated and avoided, they actually occur, and they are explicitly taken into account in the model. We limit our approach to very basic principles in terms of behavior, to focus on the particular problems raised by the non-smooth character of the models. We consider that individuals tend to move according to a desired, or spontanous, velocity. We account for congestion by assuming that the evolution realizes at each time an instantaneous balance between individual tendencies and global constraints (overlapping is forbidden): the actual velocity is defined as the closest to the desired velocity among all admissible ones, in a least square sense. We develop those principles in the microscopic and macroscopic settings, and we present how the framework of Wasserstein distance between measures allows to recover the sweeping process nature of the problem on the macroscopic level, ...

Maury, B; Santambrogio, F; Venel, J

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the symptom: return to normalcy/Part II--the experimental approach.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Number: Title: Congestive heart failure: treat the diseaseinvited) TITLE: Congestive heart failure: treat the diseasetreatment of congestive heart failure due to post-infarction

Buckberg, Gerald D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Congestion Measures for Organized Markets in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Transmission lines deliver electricity that is generated at power plants to loads. When there is not sufficient transmission capacity to schedule or transport all desired electricity transfers, the transmission system is constrained, and the particular line, flowgate or interface is congested. While it is useful to measure congestion for several reasons—to identify where and how much congestion exists and how this changes over time, to determine whether or what to do about it, and to assess the effectiveness of actions taken—it is challenging to measure congestion in a meaningful and consistent way across markets or over time in the same market. This paper examines current public reporting of congestion measures for organized markets in the U.S., and what these measures can and cannot tell us about congestion across regions or over time in the same region.

Fisher, Emily; Eto, Joseph H.

2013-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

43

Multi-criteria comparison of fuel policies: Renewable fuel mandate, fuel emission-standards, and fuel carbon tax  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

security, renewable energy, bio- fuel, carbon tax, mandate,and taxpayer cost of bio- fuel excise tax credits dwarf the

Rajagopal, Deepak; Hochman, G.; Zilberman, D.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Notice of...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of Inquiry: Federal Register Notice Volume 73, No. 108 - Jun. 4, 2008 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study Notice of Inquiry: Federal Register Notice Volume 73,...

45

National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Draft for Public...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Draft for Public Comment August 2014 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study - Draft for Public Comment August 2014 On August 19, 2014, the Department issued a Federal...

46

Electricity transmission congestion costs: A review of recent reports  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recently, independent system operators (ISOs) and others have published reports on the costs of transmission congestion. The magnitude of congestion costs cited in these reports has contributed to the national discussion on the current state of U.S. electricity transmission system and whether it provides an adequate platform for competition in wholesale electricity markets. This report reviews reports of congestion costs and begins to assess their implications for the current national discussion on the importance of the U.S. electricity transmission system for enabling competitive wholesale electricity markets. As a guiding principle, we posit that a more robust electricity system could reduce congestion costs; and thereby, (1) facilitate more vibrant and fair competition in wholesale electricity markets, and (2) enable consumers to seek out the lowest prices for electricity. Yet, examining the details suggests that, sometimes, there will be trade-offs between these goals. Therefore, it is essential to understand who pays, how much, and how do they benefit in evaluating options (both transmission and non-transmission alternatives) to address transmission congestion. To describe the differences among published estimates of congestion costs, we develop and motivate three ways by which transmission congestion costs are calculated in restructured markets. The assessment demonstrates that published transmission congestion costs are not directly comparable because they have been developed to serve different purposes. More importantly, critical information needed to make them more comparable, for example in order to evaluate the impacts of options to relieve congestion, is sometimes not available.

Lesieutre, Bernard C.; Eto, Joseph H.

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

RULES FOR CONGESTION MANAGEMENT EVALUATION OF AVAILABILITY OF CAPACITY AND  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RULES FOR CONGESTION MANAGEMENT EVALUATION OF AVAILABILITY OF CAPACITY AND POSSIBILITIES................................................................16 5.6 Socio-economic cost of guaranteed capacity

48

Teachers' conceptions of the nature of science: their impact on the planned implementation of mandated curriculum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This study explores the effect of teachers' conceptions of the nature of science on the planned implementation of a mandated curriculum. I used naturalistic and qualitative methods to address three research questions: ³To what extent do teachers...

Travis, Moreen K.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Congestion protection for public transportation : strategies and application to MBTA bus route 66.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Protecting transit routes from congestion is necessary for improving performance and reliability of bus service. Different congestion protection strategies that have been used across the… (more)

Boll, Christopher Michael

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

E-Print Network 3.0 - autonomous congestion control Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

- Congestion control is an essential task in communication networks. Especially in ad hoc and sensor networks... , the task of bandwidth management and congestion control...

51

Alleviating Solar Energy Congestion in the Distribution Grid via Smart  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Alleviating Solar Energy Congestion in the Distribution Grid via Smart Metering Communications Chun energy is generated and injected into the grid; this is attributed to a lack of transmission lines performance. In this paper, we consider congestion caused by power surpluses produced from households' solar

Ansari, Nirwan

52

RTS/CTS-Induced Congestion in Ad Hoc Wireless LANs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Figure 1 depicts a conceptual "throughput versus load" curve for a network. In the presence of congestion to zero as the load increases, i.e. it follows the "Congested" curve in Figure 1 instead of following a certain point, the network throughput decreases with increasing load instead of maintaining its peak value

Carruthers, Jeffrey

53

A Network Congestion Control Approach to Airport Departure Management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for a generic airport and then validate it using surface surveillance data from Boston Logan InternationalA Network Congestion Control Approach to Airport Departure Management Harshad Khadilkar and Hamsa at airports, by posing the problem in a network congestion control framework. We develop a network model

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

54

Demonstration of Reduced Airport Congestion through Pushback Rate Control  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a congestion control strategy at Boston Logan International Airport. The approach determines a suggested rate Control Demonstration at Boston Logan International Airport (BOS) was to show that a significant portionDemonstration of Reduced Airport Congestion through Pushback Rate Control Ioannis Simaiakis

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

55

PVTCP: Towards Practical and Effective Congestion Control in Virtualized Datacenters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PVTCP: Towards Practical and Effective Congestion Control in Virtualized Datacenters Luwei Cheng, clwang, fcmlau}@cs.hku.hk Abstract--While modern datacenters are increasingly adopting virtual machines effective in addressing incast congestion in virtualized datacenters than standard TCP. I. INTRODUCTION

Lau, Francis C.M.

56

Wire Congestion And Thermal Aware 3D Global Placement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wire Congestion And Thermal Aware 3D Global Placement Karthik Balakrishnan, Vidit Nanda, Siddharth compro- mising total wirelength and via count. Our approach consists of two phases. First, we use a multi and global routing for global wire congestion and maximum temperature reduction. Our experimental results

Lim, Sung Kyu

57

http://www.computerworld.com/mobiletopics/mobile/story/0,10801,96416,00.html 1 RFID: Getting From Mandates to a Wireless  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mandates to a Wireless Internet of Artifacts Opinion by Rajit Gadh OCTOBER 04, 2004 (COMPUTERWORLD) - Radio

California at Los Angeles, University of

58

Investigating the Effect of Freeway Congestion Thresholds on Decision-making Inputs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. The rankings of congestion measures for freeway segments hold steady across the congestion thresholds ranging from 60 mph to 30 mph and across the congestion measures. From an investment point of view, the congestion threshold speed used is not a concern...

Qu, Tongbin

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

59

Political and Public Acceptability of Congestion Pricing: Ideology and Self Interest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Stockholm toll: An economic evaluation. Paper presented toa detailed regional economic evaluation of the congestion

Harsman, Bjorn; Quigley, John M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Political and Public Acceptability of Congestion Pricing: Ideology and Self Interest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Stockholm Toll: An Economic Evaluation. Presented to thea detailed “regional economic evaluation” of the congestion

Harsman, Bjorn; Quigley, John M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

ForPeerReview Traffic Congestion and Air Pollution Exposure for Motorists  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

outcomes (Health Effects Institute 2010), but the effects of traffic congestion on travelers' exposure

Bertini, Robert L.

62

Congestion pricing : policy dimensions, public rejection and impacts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis makes three related contributions to the broad literature on congestion pricing. First, it examines three policy dimensions that underlie pricing: the economic arguments that motivate it, the technological ...

Chingcuanco, Franco (Franco Felipe)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Evaluation of explicit congestion control for high-speed networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in networking technology, recent pursuit to do better flow control of network traffic has led to the emergence of several explicit-feedback congestion control methods. As a first step towards understanding these methods, we analyze the stability and transient...

Jain, Saurabh

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Towards understanding the impacts of congestion pricing on urban trucking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Understanding policy impacts on freight is essential for planners who have overlooked this transport group in the past and must evaluate new congestion alleviation policies with respect to regional economic and social ...

Waliszewski, Janine M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Mitigating airport congestion : market mechanisms and airline response models  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Efficient allocation of scarce resources in networks is an important problem worldwide. In this thesis, we focus on resource allocation problems in a network of congested airports. The increasing demand for access to the ...

Harsha, Pavithra

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Atlanta Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On July 29, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Atlanta, GA to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda and full...

67

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Hartford Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On July 9, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Hartford, CT to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda, full...

68

EFFECTIVENESS OF THE DISTRIBUTION FACTOR APPROXIMATIONS USED IN CONGESTION MODELING  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

George Gross University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Illinois, U.S.A. Illinois, U.S.A. mliu@students.uiuc.edu gross@staff.uiuc.edu Abstract ­ Congestion has

69

Measuring congestion and emissions : a network model for Mexico City  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Congestion is a major problem for the major cities of today. It reduces mobility, slows economic growth, and is a major cause of emissions. Vehicles traveling at slow speeds emit significantly more pollutants than vehicles ...

Amano, Yasuaki Daniel, 1978-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Explicit congestion indication for TCP over wireless networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transmission control protocol (TCP), the widely used transport protocol in the Internet, assumes that packet losses are because of congestion. Wireless networks have higher error rates than wired networks; TCP misinterprets the error losses...

Shishir

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

71

2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Oklahoma City Workshop  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

On June 18, 2008, DOE hosted a regional pre-study workshop in Oklahoma City, OK to receive input and suggestions concerning the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study. The agenda,...

72

3D Module Placement for Congestion and Power Noise Reduction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D Module Placement for Congestion and Power Noise Reduction Jacob R. Minz School of ECE Georgia that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice

Lim, Sung Kyu

73

Acknowledgments This Framework is a product of the CEO Water Mandate,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in food production of up to 30 percent due to water shortage) are such that isolated action will not workAcknowledgments This Framework is a product of the CEO Water Mandate, drafted by the Pacific & Associates Environmental Consulting, Ltd., and Water Witness International. Financial support

74

Project Information Form Project Title Impact of Legislative Mandates on Transportation Workforce Capacity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

or organization) DOT $95,000 Total Project Cost $95,000 Agency ID or Contract Number DTRT13-G-UTC29 Start and EndProject Information Form Project Title Impact of Legislative Mandates on Transportation Workforce Dates August 1, 2014 to July 31, 2015 Brief Description of Research Project The transportation industry

California at Davis, University of

75

Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the symptom: return to normalcy/Part II--the experimental approach.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Title: Congestive heart failure: treat the disease not theTITLE: Congestive heart failure: treat the disease not theGD. Congestive heart failure: treat the disease, not the

Buckberg, Gerald D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Nordic electricity congestion's arrangement as a model for Europe : physical constraints or operators' opportunism?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Congestion on power grids seems a physical reality, a "hard" fact easy to check. Our paper models a different idea: congestion signal may be distorted by transmission system operators (TSOs), which puts the European ...

Glachant, Jean-Michel

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced congestive heart Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

congestive heart Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced congestive heart Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 UK HealthCare is pleased to...

78

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute congestive heart Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

congestive heart Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acute congestive heart Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Basic Res Cardiol 93: Suppl. 1,...

79

Congestion Avoidance based on Light-Weight Buffer Management in Sensor Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, congestion may occur as data packets converge toward a sink. Congestion causes energy waste, throughput1 Congestion Avoidance based on Light-Weight Buffer Management in Sensor Networks Shigang Chen, and above all, energy supply. When a critical event triggers a surge of data generated by the sensors

Chen, Shigang

80

Modeling airline frequency competition for airport congestion Vikrant Vaze  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

responsible for the growing demand for airport resources. We propose a game-theoretic model for airline Barnhart Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Abstract: Demand often exceeds capacity at the congested airports. Airline frequency competition is partially

Entekhabi, Dara

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Transportation Center Seminar "Cost Recovery from Congestion Tolls with  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Business University of British Columbia Thurs. Feb. 28, 2013 4:00 ­ 5:00 pm Location: Transportation Center discounted investment costs over a facility's lifetime. If the marginal cost of investment is constant of Business at UBC. His research interests include road pricing, traffic congestion models, financing roads

Bustamante, Fabián E.

82

A FRAMEWORK FOR TRANSMISSION CONGESTION MANAGEMENT ANALYSIS MINGHAI LIU  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

congestion, the market-based mechanisms using the locational marginal prices (LMPs) have become the most transmission services and compute the pricing for those services. The inherent volatility of electricity markets introduces uncertainty in the LMPs and consequently, in transmission pricing. In order to protect

Gross, George

83

Estimating the Actual Cost of Transmission System Congestion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the utility's generation, load and tie-line flows over the study time period. Due to the common lack by most be used by a utility to estimate the actual cost of congestion on its transmission system using limited interconnected grid (i.e., the Eastern Interconnect), costs for the utility's generators, and then hourly values

84

DEMONSTRATION OF REDUCED AIRPORT CONGESTION THROUGH PUSHBACK RATE CONTROL  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

strategy to airport congestion control at Boston Logan International Airport. The approach determines Demonstration at Boston Logan International Airport (BOS) was to show that a significant portion and Astronautics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA, USA B. Reilly Boston Airport Traffic Control

85

Internship continued on page 6 Congestion continued on page 7  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internship continued on page 6 Congestion continued on page 7 BICYCLE COMMUTING page 2 CROSS September 2013 Catalystcts.umn.edu Internship program continues its success in second year Participants in the 2013 Summer Transportation Internship Program gained valuable experience in the transportation industry

Minnesota, University of

86

Avoiding Spectral Congestion: An Enhanced Cognitive Radio Approach Santosh Kawade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

congestion by load sharing wireless traffic across different licensed spectrum bands. However, it is thought to increase the demand for radio spectrum by orders of magnitude over the next decade ...' `... there is a significant increase in the demand for wireless broadband data, rendering the radio spectrum more and more

Haddadi, Hamed

87

Distributed Vehicular Traffic Congestion Detection Algorithm for Urban Environments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

challenges, and increasing pollution in the cities. Current intelligent transport systems and vehicular congestion also affects the quality of life and the environment, by causing pollution which has well different ways of infotainment, such as internet access, gaming and advertisement. These applications

Rakocevic, Veselin

88

Predictability of road traffic and congestion in urban areas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mitigating traffic congestion on urban roads, with paramount importance in urban development and reduction of energy consumption and air pollution, depends on our ability to foresee road usage and traffic conditions pertaining to the collective behavior of drivers, raising a significant question: to what degree is road traffic predictable in urban areas? Here we rely on the precise records of daily vehicle mobility based on GPS positioning device installed in taxis to uncover the potential daily predictability of urban traffic patterns. Using the mapping from the degree of congestion on roads into a time series of symbols and measuring its entropy, we find a relatively high daily predictability of traffic conditions despite the absence of any a priori knowledge of drivers' origins and destinations and quite different travel patterns between weekdays and weekends. Moreover, we find a counterintuitive dependence of the predictability on travel speed: the road segment associated with intermediate average travel ...

Wang, Jingyuan; Li, Jing; Li, Chao; Xiong, Zhang; Wang, Wen-Xu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

A congestion control scheme for wireless sensor networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- gestion. For wired networks like INTERNET, there are mixed links with di erent bandwidths. The node with the lowest bandwidth along a path from the source to the destination is called the bottleneck. Usually, congestion occurs in the bottleneck since..., packet loss cannot be used to detect con- gestion. In WSN, corruption and collision will cause packets to be dropped. Besides, node failure due to energy depletion could also result in packet loss. Combining information on packet loss and latency can...

Xiong, Yunli

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

90

From: Peter Schumann To: Congestion Study Comments Subject:  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivityconnie0:59Peter Schumann To: Congestion

91

Development and validation of an areawide congestion index using Intelligent Transportation Systems data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REVIEW TABLE OF CONTENTS Page . ut , tv vn tx Advanced Traffic Management Systems . Comparison of Loop Detectors and Road Tubes Loop Detector Data Loop Detector Data Quahty Control. Invalid Data. Missing Data. . Congestion. Congestion... 17 19 19 25 27 27 29 34 36 DATA COMPARABILITY AND ACCURACY RESULTS . . . . . Data Comparability Results ATR S184 Comparisons. ATR S185 Comparisons . Summary Data Accuracy Results. AREAWIDE CONGESTION INDEX RESULTS. Disaggregate Data...

Albert, Luke Perrone

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Comparison of a Clean Energy Standard and other Mandates with a Carbon Tax Kemal Sarica and Wallace E. Tyner  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of a Clean Energy Standard and other Mandates with a Carbon Tax Kemal Sarica and Wallace, President Obama proposed instead a Clean Energy Standard. Under this approach, 80 percent of our electrical energy would need to come from "clean" energy sources by 2035. Included in clean energy electricity

Ginzel, Matthew

93

From: Rod Gore To: Congestion Study Comments Subject:  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivityconnie0:59Peter Schumann To: CongestionRod

94

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis Congestion Costs Victoria Transport Policy Institute (www.vtpi.org)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis ­ Congestion Costs Victoria Transport Policy Institute congestion is considered one of the most significant transportation problems. The capacity of a road depends, Fundamentals of Traffic Engineering, 13th Edition, Institute of Transportation Studies, UBC (Berkeley; www

O'Donnell, Tom

95

UNCORRECTED 2 Congestion rents and FTR evaluations in mixed-pool-bilateral systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Available online xxxx 13 Keywords: 14 Locational marginal prices 15 Congestion management 16 Congestionlation of appropriate locational marginal prices (LMPs). This requirement is particularly acute when to manage congestion, 49 the market-based mechanisms using the locational marginal prices 50 (LMPs) [2

Gross, George

96

Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PWP-076 Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple Regions Requires Tradable Physical Flow-gate Rights- mission use. The North American Electric Reliability Council NERC is in the process of implementing

California at Berkeley. University of

97

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2002 159 Economic Congestion Relief Across Multiple  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2002 159 Economic Congestion Relief, and Andrew M. Ross Abstract--This paper is concerned with market-based protocols for relieving congestion caused by transactions outside the control area in which the congestion occurred. One approach, proposed

98

Charged Condensation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider Bose-Einstein condensation of massive electrically charged scalars in a uniform background of charged fermions. We focus on the case when the scalar condensate screens the background charge, while the net charge of the system resides on its boundary surface. A distinctive signature of this substance is that the photon acquires a Lorentz-violating mass in the bulk of the condensate. Due to this mass, the transverse and longitudinal gauge modes propagate with different group velocities. We give qualitative arguments that at high enough densities and low temperatures a charged system of electrons and helium-4 nuclei, if held together by laboratory devices or by force of gravity, can form such a substance. We briefly discuss possible manifestations of the charged condensate in compact astrophysical objects.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2007-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

99

How Texas charter schools measure success in relation to assessments and evaluations mandated by the State of Texas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCONCE May 1998 Major Subject; Curriculum and Instruction HOW TEXAS CHARTER SCHOOLS MEASURE SUCCESS IN RELATION TO ASSESSMENTS AND EVALUATIONS ~ATED BY THE STATE OF TEXAS A Thesis by KARLA WYNELL EIDSON... (Member) Francis E. Clark (Head of Department) May 1998 Major Subject: Curriculum and Instruction ABSTRACT How Texas Charter Schools Measure Success in Relation to Assessments and Evaluations Mandated by the State of Texas. (May 1998) Karla Wynell...

Eidson, Karla Wynell

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Performance of Quantized Congestion Notification in TCP Incast in Data Centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyzes the performance of Quantized Congestion Notification (QCN) during data access from clustered servers in data centers. The reasons why QCN does not perform adequately in these situations are examined and several modifications...

Devkota, Prajjwal Prasad

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Estimating current and future benefits of airport surface congestion management techniques  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Air traffic is expected to continue to grow in the future and improved methods for dealing with the increased demand on the system need to be designed and implemented. One method for reducing surface congestion at airports ...

Nakahara, Alex (Alex Hiroo)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Critical enhancements of a dynamic traffic assignment model for highly congested, complex urban network  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To accurately replicate the highly congested traffic situation of a complex urban network, significant challenges are posed to current simulation-based dynamic traffic assignment (DTA) models. This thesis discusses these ...

Wei, Zheng, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Finding ways out of congestion for the Chicago Loop : a microscopic simulation approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Over the past two decades, the City of Chicago, as many of its counterparts in the U.S., has experienced a great increase in traffic congestion, which limits regional mobility, induces a huge amount of energy waste and ...

Jiang, Shan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Incentive schemes for Internet congestion management: Raffles versus time-of-day pricing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Internet is plagued with congestion problems of growing severity which are worst at peak periods. In this paper, we compare two schemes that incentivize users to shift part of their usage from the peak-time to the ...

Loiseau, Patrick

105

Analysis of Backward Congestion Notification (BCN) for Ethernet In Datacenter Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis of Backward Congestion Notification (BCN) for Ethernet In Datacenter Applications Jinjing in backend datacenter applications. Such applications typically use Fiber Channel and Infiniband due that validate the analytical results. I. INTRODUCTION Recently, datacenter networks (DCNs) have attracted a lot

Jain, Raj

106

Using tactical flight level resource allocation to alleviate congested en-route airspace  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A motivation exists to formulate and implement new tools and methodologies to address the problem of congestion in the National Airspace System (NAS). This thesis presents a novel methodology for allocating aircraft among ...

Abad, Antonio Manuel, 1976-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Real time grid congestion management in presence of high penetration of wind energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Real time grid congestion management in presence of high penetration of wind energy A. Vergnol1 , J », « Wind energy », « Variable speed drive » Abstract With the increased use of wind energy the power

Boyer, Edmond

108

A Utility-Based Congestion Control Scheme for Internet-Style Networks with Delay1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

@control.csl.uiuc.edu 2 Coordinated Science Laboratory and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University versions of TCP as an indication of congestion. In this paper, however, we propose and analyze a pric- ing

Alpcan, Tansu

109

Optimal information transmission in organizations: search and congestion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We propose a stylized model of a problem-solving organization whose internal communication structure is given by a fixed network. Problems arrive randomly anywhere in this network and must find their way to their respective specialized solvers by relying on local information alone. The organization handles multiple problems simultaneously. For this reason, the process may be subject to congestion. We provide a characterization of the threshold of collapse of the network and of the stock of floating problems (or average delay) that prevails below that threshold. We build upon this characterization to address a design problem: the determination of what kind of network architecture optimizes performance for any given problem arrival rate. We conclude that, for low arrival rates, the optimal network is very polarized (i.e. star-like or centralized), whereas it is largely homogeneous (or decentralized) for high arrival rates. These observations are in line with a common transformation experienced by information-intensive organizations as their work flow has risen in recent years.

Arenas, A.; Cabrales, A.; Danon, L.; Diaz-Guilera, A.; Guimera, R.; Vega-Redondo, F.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Proceedings of the March 29, 2006 Conference for the 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Session 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A public technical conference on the 2006 congestion study and criteria for designating National Interest Electric Tranmission Corridors was held on March 29, 2006.

111

Proceedings of the March 29, 2006 Conference for the 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Session 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A public technical conference on the 2006 congestion study and criteria for designating National Interest Electric Tranmission Corridors was held on March 29, 2006. 

112

Proceedings of the March 29, 2006 Conference for the 2006 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Session 3  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A public technical conference on the 2006 congestion study and criteria for designating National Interest Electric Tranmission Corridors was held on March 29, 2006.

113

arnaud.vergnol@hei.fr, jonathan.sprooten@hei.fr. Optimal network congestion management using wind farms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

congestion in rural areas due the important increase of wind generation [1]. In the literature, many methods generation. Therefore, most European TSO's have chosen to manage separately, congestions related to wind are affected by errors in load and generation prediction due to element outage or random production as is wind

Boyer, Edmond

114

On the Use of Fixed Point Approximations to Study Reliable Protocols over Congested Links  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

network operation? iii) What are the sustainable values of link utilization without the risk of network control features) over Internet congested links (the bottlenecks). Within this framework the analysis in a general framework, where only some very elementary properties of the protocols and the network come

115

Traffic Congestion Mitigation as an Emissions Reduction Strategy Alexander York Bigazzi  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

goals, a better understanding of the impacts of traffic congestion on motor vehicle emissions is needed framework to study the trade-offs between vehicle efficiency and travel demand that accompany travel speed, such as electric and gas- electric hybrid vehicles. But travel volume is also a key consideration for the total

Bertini, Robert L.

116

Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Traffic congestion On-road In-vehicle Pollution exposure Vehicle emissions a b s t r a c t The health cost improvements. When considering distinct vehicle classes, inclusion of on-road exposure costs greatly increases heavy-duty vehicle marginal costs because of their higher emissions rates and greater roadway capacity

Bertini, Robert L.

117

Investigation of Density and Flow Relationships in Congested Trac Using Videogrammetric Data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

based on queuing theory [1], kinematic wave theory [2], kinetic theory [3], higher-order models [4], cellular automata [5], and car-following models [6], among others. These models, particularly the kinematic-wave congested conditions appear to propagate backward as \\constrictions" (waves of reduced ow), and we designed

Ioerger, Thomas R.

118

Price of Anarchy for Non-atomic Congestion Games with Stochastic ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oct 18, 2013 ... non-atomic congestion games as the worst-case performance of the user equi- ... sources as a result of a well-coordinated action on the whole network. ... The main developments in the research on PoA were extensions to net- ..... As discussed in the previous section, under stochastic traffic demands.

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

119

Smart Engineering System Design, vol. 4:243-252, 2002 NETWORK CONGESTION ARBITRATION AND SOURCE PROBLEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to address the problem. However, these tools simply give the network administrator a great deal1 Smart Engineering System Design, vol. 4:243-252, 2002 NETWORK CONGESTION ARBITRATION AND SOURCE PROBLEM PREDICTION USING NEURAL NETWORKS J. ALAN BIVENS Computer Science Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Varela, Carlos

120

Managing Cellular Congestion Using Incentives Jagadeesh M. Dyaberi, Ben Parsons, Karthik Kannan, Vijay S. Pai,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Our results indicate a high level of compliance with economic incentives and disincentives. Detailed/or punishments to help reduce network congestion. We found a high level of compliance with economic incentives several stud- ies on using economic incentives to help shape consumer behaviors towards more efficient use

Greenberg, Albert

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Dynamic Versus Steady-State Modeling of FACTS Controllers in Transmission Congestion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

benchmark system is used to illustrate and compare the effect on locational marginal prices and transmission marginal prices obtained from stability-constrained auction models when dynamic and steady state FACTS discusses the effect on transmission congestion management and pricing of dynamic and steady- state models

Cañizares, Claudio A.

122

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

~O(Congestion + Dilation) Hot-Potato Routing on Leveled Networks Costas Busch Rensselaer that matches the lower bound (C + D). Motivated from optical networks, we study the extreme case of hot-potato routing in which the nodes are bufferless. In hot-potato routing, packets may be unable to follow

Busch, Konstantin "Costas"

123

The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Impact of Imperfect Permit Market on Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium Tanachai market in conjunction with a permit market to study such interactions. The concept of conjectural variations is proposed to account for imperfect competition in permit market. The model is then applied

Oren, Shmuel S.

124

VirtualKnotter: Online Virtual Machine Shuffling for Congestion Resolving in Virtualized Datacenter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VirtualKnotter: Online Virtual Machine Shuffling for Congestion Resolving in Virtualized Datacenter--Our measurements on production datacenter traffic together with recently-reported results [1] suggest that datacen in virtualized datacenters. To this end, we present VirtualKnotter, an efficient online VM placement algorithm

Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

125

COURTNEY K. HARRIS -NARRATIVE STATEMENT -SEPTEMBER, 2006 Faculty at VIMS address three mandates; "The Virginia Institute of Marine Science ... has a three-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

COURTNEY K. HARRIS - NARRATIVE STATEMENT - SEPTEMBER, 2006 Faculty at VIMS address three mandates-driven fluid mud transport [Harris et al., 2004; Harris et al., 2005], and identified dominant dispersal [Harris et al., 2003; Harris et al., 2007; Harris and Wiberg, 2002]. Recent research focuses on locations

Harris, Courtney K.

126

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ch 16 Electric Charge &Ch 16. Electric Charge & Electric Field Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;I Basic ConceptsI. Basic Concepts Static electricity: charges at rest Electric charge Like charges repel Unlike charges attract Liu UCD Phy1B 2012 #12;Electric ChargeElectric Charge Electron charge: -eElectron charge

Yoo, S. J. Ben

127

From: Stolar, Olena To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: NextEra Energy Inc."s Comments on the DOE Draft National Electric Transmission Congestion Study submitted  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivityconnie0:59PeterStolar, Olena To: Congestion

128

The effectiveness of jobs-housing balance as a strategy for reducing traffic congestion: a study of metropolitan Bangkok  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Thailand. Travel time index (TTI) was developed to measure congestion. In addition to JHB, a number of land use variables were included in the analysis. They are population density, school density, and job accessibility index. Multiple regression models...

Lobyaem, Sonchai

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

129

Proceedings of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Session 3  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A technical workshop on the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study was held on March 25-26, 2009 to receive input from subject matter experts on the historical transmission data and...

130

Proceedings of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Welcome  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A technical workshop on the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study was held on March 25-26, 2009 to receive input from subject matter experts on the historical transmission data and...

131

Proceedings of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Session 2  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A technical workshop on the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study was held on March 25-26, 2009 to receive input from subject matter experts on the historical transmission data and...

132

that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that minimizes vehicle emissions during design of routes in congested environments with time-dependent travel speeds, hard time windows, andcapacityconstraints.ThiscreatesanewtypeofVRP,theemissions vehicle routing problem (EVRP). BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW There is extensive literature related to vehicle

Bertini, Robert L.

133

Proceedings of the March 25-26, 2009 Conference for the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study- Session 1  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A technical workshop on the 2009 National Electric Transmission Congestion Study was held on March 25-26, 2009 to receive input from subject matter experts on the historical transmission data and...

134

Nordic Electricity Congestion's Arrangement as a Model for Europe: Physical Constraints or Operators' Opportunity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

signal on a variable, complex and non transparent constraint that they may manipulate to benefit from the congestion management’s revenues or for any other personal agenda. The “Light Handed Regulation” in Nordic countries makes this strategy even more... . In the optimisation programs, these laws appear as constraints to take in account the way electric power is transmitted in the grid. References Barzel Y. (1990). Economic Analysis of Property Rights, Cambridge University Press. Baldick R. (2002). “Variation...

Glachant, Jean-Michel; Pignon, Virginie

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

135

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

March 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date...

136

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 2013 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date Performed...

137

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

December 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Not Installed to Events Consumed By Region Residential Commercia Public Specified Date...

138

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Report Project Status to Date through: March 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential...

139

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

September 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential Commercial Public Not Specified Date...

140

ChargePoint America Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

June 2012 Number of Charging Units Charging Electricity Charging Unit - Private Installed to Events Consumed By State Residential Commercial Public Not Specified Date Performed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Transport growth in Bangkok: Energy, environment, and traffic congestion. Workshop proceedings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, is a physically and economically complexcity with a complicated transport system. With daily traffic congestion averaging 16 hours, the air quality is such that to breathe street level pollution for 8 eight hours is roughly equivalent to smoking nine cigarettes per day. Estimates suggest idling traffic costs up to $1.6 billion annually. Energy use within the transport sector is on a steady rise with an estimated increase in 11 years of two and one half times. Severe health impacts have begun to effect many residents - young children and the elderly being particularly vulnerable. Bangkok`s air quality and congestion problems are far from hopeless. Great potential exists for Bangkok to remedy its transport-related problems. The city has many necessary characteristics that allow an efficient, economical system of transport. For example, its high density level makes the city a prime candidate for an efficient system of mass transit and the multitude and close proximity of shops, street vendors, restaurants, and residential areas is highly conducive to walking and cycling. Technical knowledge and capacity to devise and implement innovative policies and projects to address air quality and congestion problems is plentiful. There is also consensus among Bangkokians that something needs to be done immediately to clear the air and the roads. However, little has been done. This report proposes a new approach to transport planning for Bangkok that integrates consideration of ecological, social, and financial viability in the process of making decisions regarding managing existing infrastructure and investments in new infrastructure. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

Philpott, J. [Asia Regional Office, Bangkok (Thailand)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

GCA: Global Congestion Awareness for Load Balance in Networks-on-Chip  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

p N=2c If p N is odd, the lower bound is b p N=2c 1 Whenever the node updates one of the links in the map, our route computation module only needs to recompute a subgraph of the network. This is because the tra c ow from the source node... GCA:Global Congestion Awareness for Load Balance in Networks-on-Chip. (August 2012) Mukund Ramakrishna, B.Tech., International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad Co{Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Paul V. Gratz Dr. Alexander...

Ramakrishna, Mukund

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

143

Electric Vehicle Smart Charging Infrastructure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Multiplexed Electric Vehicle Charging”, US20130154561A1,Chynoweth, ”Intelligent Electric Vehicle Charging System”,of RFID Mesh Network for Electric Vehicle Smart Charging

Chung, Ching-Yen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Electric Charge and Electric Field Electrostatics: Charge at rest  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 16 Electric Charge and Electric Field #12;Electrostatics: Charge at rest Electric Charges of conservation of Electric Charge: The net amount of electric charge produced in any process is zero. Model, neutral). #12;· All protons and electrons have same magnitude of electric charge but their masses

Yu, Jaehoon

145

826 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 3, AUGUST 2002 A CongestionManagement Allocation Mechanism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of transactions. In the new competitive electricity market environment, the transmission system takes on a common transmission usage by the individual transactions, the IGO has significant financial impacts on each market826 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER SYSTEMS, VOL. 17, NO. 3, AUGUST 2002 A Congestion

Gross, George

146

CIRED Workshop "Grid operation and congestion management" -Rome, 11-12 June 2014 Paper No 0371 Page 1 / 4  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

project. The project aims at developing a smart solar neighbourhood in an urban area near the city of NiceCIRED Workshop "Grid operation and congestion management" - Rome, 11-12 June 2014 Paper 0371 Paper IN THE NICE GRID DEMONSTRATOR Andrea MICHIORRI Georges KARINIOTAKIS Fiona FOUCAULT MINES ParisTech ­ France

Boyer, Edmond

147

546 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 13, NO. 7, JULY 2009 Is It Congestion or a DDoS Attack?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

546 IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, VOL. 13, NO. 7, JULY 2009 Is It Congestion or a DDoS Attack? Amey Shevtekar and Nirwan Ansari, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--We propose a new stealthy DDoS attack model referred to as the "quiet" attack. The attack traffic consists of TCP traffic only. Widely used botnets in today's various

Ansari, Nirwan

148

Ninth USA/Europe Air Traffic Management Research and Development Seminar (ATM2011) Demonstration of Reduced Airport Congestion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Demonstration at Boston Logan International Airport (BOS) was to show that a significant portion Cambridge, MA, USA B. Reilly Boston Airport Traffic Control Tower Federal Aviation Administration Boston, MA and emissions at major airports. This paper describes the field tests of a congestion control strategy at Boston

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

149

System Benefits Charge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New York's system benefits charge (SBC), established in 1996 by the New York Public Service Commission (PSC), supports energy efficiency, education and outreach, research and development, and low...

150

Image Charge Differential  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Image Charge Differential Amplifier FT 0 Crude Oil Time (s) 543210 Frequency (kHz) m/z m q B f Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS) uses the frequency of cyclotron motion of the ions in a static magnetic field to determine the mass-to-charge ratio, which is then used

Weston, Ken

151

Charging Black Saturn?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct new charged static solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell field equations in five dimensions via a solution generation technique utilizing the symmetries of the reduced Lagrangian. By applying our method on the multi-Reissner-Nordstrom solution in four dimensions, we generate the multi-Reissner-Nordstrom solution in five dimensions. We focus on the five-dimensional solution describing a pair of charged black objects with general masses and electric charges. This solution includes the double Reissner-Nordstrom solution as well as the charged version of the five-dimensional static black Saturn. However, all the black Saturn configurations that we could find present either a conical singularity or a naked singularity. We also obtain a non-extremal configuration of charged black strings that reduces in the extremal limit to a Majumdar-Papapetrou like solution in five dimensions.

Brenda Chng; Robert Mann; Eugen Radu; Cristian Stelea

2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

152

taking charge : optimizing urban charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This thesis analyses the opportunities and constraints of deploying charging infrastructure for shared electric vehicles in urban environments. Existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure for privately owned vehicles ...

Subramani, Praveen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

International aeronautical user charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction: 1.1 BACKGROUND AND MOTIVATION Very few issues relating to the international air transportation industry are today as divisive as those pertaining to user charges imposed at international airports and enroute ...

Odoni, Amedeo R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Societal Benefits Charge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

New Jersey's 1999 electric-utility restructuring legislation created a "societal benefits charge" (SBC) to support investments in energy efficiency and "Class I" renewable energy. The SBC funds New...

155

Abstract adiabatic charge pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is devoted to the analysis of an abstract formula describing quantum adiabatic charge pumping in a general context. We consider closed systems characterized by a slowly varying time-dependent Hamiltonian depending on an external parameter $\\alpha$. The current operator, defined as the derivative of the Hamiltonian with respect to $\\alpha$, once integrated over some time interval, gives rise to a charge pumped through the system over that time span. We determine the first two leading terms in the adiabatic parameter of this pumped charge under the usual gap hypothesis. In particular, in case the Hamiltonian is time periodic and has discrete non-degenerate spectrum, the charge pumped over a period is given to leading order by the derivative with respect to $\\alpha$ of the corresponding dynamical and geometric phases.

A. Joye; V. Brosco; F. Hekking

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

156

Charged Schrodinger black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We construct charged and rotating asymptotically Schrödinger black hole solutions of type IIB supergravity. We begin by obtaining a closed-form expression for the null Melvin twist of a broad class of type IIB backgrounds, ...

Adams, Allan

157

Quick charge battery  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electric and hybrid electric vehicles (EVs and HEVs) will become a significant reality in the near future of the automotive industry. Both types of vehicles will need a means to store energy on board. For the present, the method of choice would be lead-acid batteries, with the HEV having auxiliary power supplied by a small internal combustion engine. One of the main drawbacks to lead-acid batteries is internal heat generation as a natural consequence of the charging process as well as resistance losses. This limits the re-charging rate to the battery pack for an EV which has a range of about 80 miles. A quick turnaround on recharge is needed but not yet possible. One of the limiting factors is the heat buildup. For the HEV the auxiliary power unit provides a continuous charge to the battery pack. Therefore heat generation in the lead-acid battery is a constant problem that must be addressed. Presented here is a battery that is capable of quick charging, the Quick Charge Battery with Thermal Management. This is an electrochemical battery, typically a lead-acid battery, without the inherent thermal management problems that have been present in the past. The battery can be used in an all-electric vehicle, a hybrid-electric vehicle or an internal combustion engine vehicle, as well as in other applications that utilize secondary batteries. This is not restricted to only lead-acid batteries. The concept and technology are flexible enough to use in any secondary battery application where thermal management of the battery must be addressed, especially during charging. Any battery with temperature constraints can benefit from this advancement in the state of the art of battery manufacturing. This can also include nickel-cadmium, metal-air, nickel hydroxide, zinc-chloride or any other type of battery whose performance is affected by the temperature control of the interior as well as the exterior of the battery.

Parise, R.J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced...

159

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE ELECTRIC PROGRAM INVESTMENT CHARGE: PROPOSED 201214 TRIENNIAL INVESTMENT PLAN The California Energy Commission has prepared this triennial investment plan (2012 ­ 2014) for the new Electric, 2012, Phase 2 Decision 1205037. This decision established the Electric Program Investment Charge

160

Sewerage service charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SEWER&.GE SERVICE CHARGES A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Major Subject* Municipal suid Sanitary... Engineering By Samuel Robert Wright May 1946 BA.GRV ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The writer wishes to express appreciation to the State Health Department and to Mr* E. E. McA-dams of the League of Texas Municipalities for their aid and assistance in the collection...

Wright, Samuel Robert

1946-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

A Stable Massive Charged Particle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the possibility of the existence of a stable massive charged particle by a minimal extension of the standard model particle content. Absolute stability in the case of singly charged particle is not possible if the usual doublet Higgs exists, unless a discrete symmetry is imposed.But a doubly charged particle is absolutely stable.

G. Rajasekaran

2011-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

162

Tools for charged Higgs bosons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We review the status of publicly available software tools applicable to charged Higgs physics. A selection of codes are highlighted in more detail, focusing on new developments that have taken place since the previous charged Higgs workshop in 2008. We conclude that phenomenologists now have the tools ready to face the LHC data. A new webpage collecting charged Higgs resources is presented.

Oscar Stål

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

163

Holography, charge and baryon asymmetry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reason for baryon asymmetry in our universe has been a pertinent question for many years. The holographic principle suggests a charged preon model underlies the Standard Model of particle physics and any such charged preon model requires baryon asymmetry. This note estimates the baryon asymmetry predicted by charged preon models in closed inflationary Friedmann universes.

T. R. Mongan

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

164

Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laser plasma accelerator, charge diagnostics, Lanex, ICT,Charge Diagnostics for Laser Plasma Accelerators K .CHARGE DIAGNOSTICS CROSS-CALIBRATIONS WITH LASER PLASMA

Nakamura, K.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

NERSC HPSS Charging  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recovery challengeMultiscale SubsurfaceExascalePhase-1 HPSS Charging NERSC uses

166

Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Battery charging control methods, electric vehicle charging methods, battery charging apparatuses and rechargeable battery systems. According to one aspect, a battery charging control method includes accessing information regarding a presence of at least one of a surplus and a deficiency of electrical energy upon an electrical power distribution system at a plurality of different moments in time, and using the information, controlling an adjustment of an amount of the electrical energy provided from the electrical power distribution system to a rechargeable battery to charge the rechargeable battery.

Tuffner, Francis K. (Richland, WA); Kintner-Meyer, Michael C. W. (Richland, WA); Hammerstrom, Donald J. (West Richland, WA); Pratt, Richard M. (Richland, WA)

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

167

Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and Customer Charging...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

The report also examines when consumers want to recharge vehicles, and to what extent pricing and incentives can encourage consumers to charge during off-peak periods. Evaluating...

168

High dynamic range charge measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charge amplifier for use in radiation sensing includes an amplifier, at least one switch, and at least one capacitor. The switch selectively couples the input of the switch to one of at least two voltages. The capacitor is electrically coupled in series between the input of the amplifier and the input of the switch. The capacitor is electrically coupled to the input of the amplifier without a switch coupled therebetween. A method of measuring charge in radiation sensing includes selectively diverting charge from an input of an amplifier to an input of at least one capacitor by selectively coupling an output of the at least one capacitor to one of at least two voltages. The input of the at least one capacitor is operatively coupled to the input of the amplifier without a switch coupled therebetween. The method also includes calculating a total charge based on a sum of the amplified charge and the diverted charge.

De Geronimo, Gianluigi

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

169

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 33, NO. 1, JANUARY 2014 113 Path-Congestion-Aware Adaptive Routing with a  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

problems become major performance bottlenecks. An effective adaptive routing algorithm can help minimize and improve the effectiveness of routing path selection. We propose a path- congestion-aware adaptive routing University, Taipei, Taiwan (e-mail: enjui@access.ee.ntu.edu.tw; ck- craig@access.ee.ntu.edu.tw; andywu@cc.ee.ntu

Hung, Shih-Hao

170

The impacts of congestion on time-definitive urban freight distribution networks CO2 emission levels: Results from a case study in Portland,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impacts of congestion on time-definitive urban freight distribution networks CO2 emission Accepted 29 November 2010 Keywords: Vehicle routing Time-dependent travel time speed GHG or CO2 emissions pressures to limit the impacts associated with CO2 emissions are mounting rapidly. A key challenge

Bertini, Robert L.

171

The Impacts of Congestion on Time-definitive Urban Freight Distribution1 Networks CO2 Emission Levels: results from a case study in Portland,2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Impacts of Congestion on Time-definitive Urban Freight Distribution1 Networks CO2 Emission pressures to limit the impacts13 associated with CO2 emissions are mounting rapidly. A key challenge on CO2 emissions are hindered by the complexities of vehicle routing18 problems with time

Bertini, Robert L.

172

Side-payment profitability and interacting eyeball ISPs under convex demand-response modeling congestion-sensitive applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper is concerned with the issue of side payments between content providers (CPs) and Internet service (access bandwidth) providers (ISPs) in an Internet that is potentially not neutral. We herein generalize past results modeling the ISP and CP interaction as a noncooperative game in two directions. We consider different demand response models (price sensitivities) for different provider types in order to explore when side payments are profitable to the ISP. Also, we consider convex (non-linear) demand response to model demand triggered by traffic which is sensitive to access bandwidth congestion, particularly delay-sensitive interactive real-time applications. Finally, we consider a model with two competing "eyeball" ISPs with transit pricing of net traffic at their peering point to study the effects of caching remote content.

Kesidis, George

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

R-charge Kills Monopoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Large charge density, unlike high temperature, may lead to nonrestoration of global and gauge symmetries. Supersymmetric GUTs with the appealing scenario of unification scale being generated dynamically naturally contain global continuous $R$ symmetries. We point out that the presence of a large $R$ charge in the early Universe can lead to GUT symmetry nonrestoration. This provides a simple way out of the monopole problem.

Borut Bajc; Antonio Riotto; Goran Senjanovic

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

174

Piston-assisted charge pumping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine charge transport through a system of three sites connected in series in the situation when an oscillating charged piston modulates the energy of the middle site. We show that with an appropriate set of parameters, charge can be transferred against an applied voltage. In this scenario, when the oscillating piston shifts away from the middle site, the energy of the site decreases and it is populated by a charge transferred from the lower energy site. On the other hand, when the piston returns to close proximity, the energy of the middle site increases and it is depopulated by the higher energy site. Thus through this process, the charge is pumped against the potential gradient. Our results can explain the process of proton pumping in one of the mitochondrial enzymes, Complex I. Moreover, this mechanism can be used for electron pumping in semiconductor nanostructures.

Kaur, D; Mourokh, L

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Charge-pump voltage converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charge-pump voltage converter for converting a low voltage provided by a low-voltage source to a higher voltage. Charge is inductively generated on a transfer rotor electrode during its transit past an inductor stator electrode and subsequently transferred by the rotating rotor to a collector stator electrode for storage or use. Repetition of the charge transfer process leads to a build-up of voltage on a charge-receiving device. Connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in series can generate higher voltages, and connection of multiple charge-pump voltage converters in parallel can generate higher currents. Microelectromechanical (MEMS) embodiments of this invention provide a small and compact high-voltage (several hundred V) voltage source starting with a few-V initial voltage source. The microscale size of many embodiments of this invention make it ideally suited for MEMS- and other micro-applications where integration of the voltage or charge source in a small package is highly desirable.

Brainard, John P. (Albuquerque, NM); Christenson, Todd R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

176

Collective thermoelectrophoresis of charged colloids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermally driven colloidal transport is, to a large extent, due to the thermoelectric or Seebeck effect of the charged solution.We show that, contrary to the generally adopted single-particle picture, the transport coefficient depends on the colloidal concentration. For solutions that are dilute in the hydrodynamic sense, collective effects may significantly affect the thermophoretic mobility. Our results provide an explanation for recent experimental observations on polyelectrolytes and charged particles and suggest that for charged colloids collective behavior is the rule rather than the exception.

Arghya Majee; Alois Würger

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

177

Measuring momentum for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods, apparatus and systems for detecting charged particles and obtaining tomography of a volume by measuring charged particles including measuring the momentum of a charged particle passing through a charged particle detector. Sets of position sensitive detectors measure scattering of the charged particle. The position sensitive detectors having sufficient mass to cause the charged particle passing through the position sensitive detectors to scatter in the position sensitive detectors. A controller can be adapted and arranged to receive scattering measurements of the charged particle from the charged particle detector, determine at least one trajectory of the charged particle from the measured scattering; and determine at least one momentum measurement of the charged particle from the at least one trajectory. The charged particle can be a cosmic ray-produced charged particle, such as a cosmic ray-produced muon. The position sensitive detectors can be drift cells, such as gas-filled drift tubes.

Morris, Christopher (Los Alamos, NM); Fraser, Andrew Mcleod (Los Alamos, NM); Schultz, Larry Joe (Los Alamos, NM); Borozdin, Konstantin N. (Los Alamos, NM); Klimenko, Alexei Vasilievich (Maynard, MA); Sossong, Michael James (Los Alamos, NM); Blanpied, Gary (Lexington, SC)

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

178

Turbo-Charged Lighting Design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TURBO-CHARGED LIGHTING DESIGN William H. Clark II Design Engineer O'Connell Robertson & Assoc Austin/ Texas ABSTRACT The task of the lighting designer has become very complex, involving thousands of choices for fixture types and hundreds...

Clark, W. H. II

179

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24,...

180

Thermophoresis of charged colloidal particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermally induced particle flow in a charged colloidal suspension is studied in a fluid-mechanical approach. The force density acting on the charged boundary layer is derived in detail. From Stokes' equation with no-slip boundary conditions at the particle surface, we obtain the particle drift velocity and the thermophoretic transport coefficients. The results are discussed in view of previous work and available experimental data.

S. Fayolle; T. Bickel; A. Würger

2014-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A holographic charged preon model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Standard Model (SM) is a successful approach to particle physics calculations. However, there are indications that the SM is only a good approximation to an underlying non-local reality involving fundamental entities (preons) that are not point particles. Furthermore, our universe seems to be dominated by a vacuum energy/cosmological constant. The holographic principle then indicates only a finite number of bits of information will ever be available to describe the observable universe, and that requires a holographic preon model linking the (0,1) holographic bits to SM particles. All SM particles have charges 0, 1/3, 2/3 or 1 in units of the electron charge, so the bits in a holographic preon model must be identified with fractional electric charge. Such holographic charged preon models require baryon asymmetry and also suggest a mechanism for stationary action. This paper outlines a holographic charged preon model where preons are strands with finite energy density specified by bits of information identifying the charge on each end. In the model, SM particles consist of three strands with spin states corresponding to wrapped states of the strands. SM particles in this wrapped preon model can be approximated by preon bound states in non-local dynamics based on three-preon Bethe-Salpeter equations with instantaneous three-preon interactions. The model can be falsified by data from the Large Hadron Collider because it generates baryon asymmetry without axions, and does not allow more than three generations of SM fermions.

T. R. Mongan

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

182

Study of space charge compensation phenomena in charged particle beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The propagation of a charged particle beam is accompanied by the production of secondary particles created in the interaction of the beam itself with the background gas flowing in the accelerator tube. In the drift region, where the electric field of the electrodes is negligible, secondary particles may accumulate giving a plasma which shields the self-induced potential of the charged beam. This phenomenon, known as space charge compensation is a typical issue in accelerator physics, where it is usually addressed by means of 1D radial transport codes or Monte Carlo codes. The present paper describes some theoretical studies on this phenomenon, presenting a Particle in Cell-Monte Carlo (PIC-MC) Code developed ad hoc where both radial and axial confinements of secondary particles are calculated. The features of the model, offering a new insight on the problem, are described and some results discussed.

Veltri, P.; Serianni, G. [Consorzio RFX, C.so Stati Uniti 4, 35100 Padova (Italy); Cavenago, M. [INFN-LNL, Viale dell'Universita 2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

183

Electric Charge Quantization in Standard Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the framework of Standard Model for the arbitrary values of Higgs and fermions fields hypercharges, taking into account parity invariance of electromagnetic interaction, expressions for the fermions charges, testifying the electric charge quantization are obtained. From the chiral anomalies cancellation condition within one family of leptons and quarks, numerical values of fermions charges, coinciding with standard values of charges have been obtained.

O. B. Abdinov; F. T. Khalil-zade; S. S. Rzaeva

2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

184

Electrostatic wire stabilizing a charged particle beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In combination with a charged particle beam generator and accelerator, apparatus and method are provided for stabilizing a beam of electrically charged particles. A guiding means, disposed within the particle beam, has an electric charge induced upon it by the charged particle beam. Because the sign of the electric charge on the guiding means and the sign of the particle beam are opposite, the particles are attracted toward and cluster around the guiding means to thereby stabilize the particle beam as it travels.

Prono, D.S.; Caporaso, G.J.; Briggs, R.J.

1983-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

Magnetic moment versus tensor charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We express the baryon magnetic moments in terms of the baryon tensor charges, considering the quarks as relativistic interacting objects. Once tensor charges get measured accurately, the formula for the baryon magnetic moment will serve to extract precise information on the quark anomalous magnetic moment, the quark effective mass and the ratio of the quark constituent mass to the quark effective mass. The analogous formula for the baryon electric dipole moment is of no great use as it gets eventually sizable contributions from various CP- violating sources not necessary associated to the quark electric dipole moment.

M. Mekhfi

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

186

Charge amplifier with bias compensation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ion beam uniformity monitor for very low beam currents using a high-sensitivity charge amplifier with bias compensation. The ion beam monitor is used to assess the uniformity of a raster-scanned ion beam, such as used in an ion implanter, and utilizes four Faraday cups placed in the geometric corners of the target area. Current from each cup is integrated with respect to time, thus measuring accumulated dose, or charge, in Coulombs. By comparing the dose at each corner, a qualitative assessment of ion beam uniformity is made possible. With knowledge of the relative area of the Faraday cups, the ion flux and areal dose can also be obtained.

Johnson, Gary W. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING ONLY Must be ACTIVELY Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING ONLY Must be ACTIVELY Charging All Others Subject to Citation. PLUG-IN ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING RATES Monday­Friday, 7:30am­5pm Hours Power Parking Power+Parking 1://chargepoint.net PAYMENT IS REQUIRED FOR USE OF A CHARGING STATION The rate for charging your vehicle is $1/hour. Please

Bigelow, Stephen

188

Stability of charged thin shells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article we study the mechanical stability of spherically symmetric thin shells with charge, in Einstein-Maxwell and Einstein-Born-Infeld theories. We analyze linearized perturbations preserving the symmetry, for shells around vacuum and shells surrounding noncharged black holes.

Eiroa, Ernesto F. [Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, C.C. 67, Suc. 28, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Simeone, Claudio [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina); IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria Pab. I, 1428, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

189

Methods for reduction of charging emissions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the most critical subjects in coking plants are charging emissions. The paper reviews the systems that have been used over the years to reduce charging emissions. The advantages and disadvantages are summarized for the following systems: Double collecting main with aspiration on both oven sides; Single collecting main with/without aspiration via standpipe, and extraction and cleaning of charging gas on charging car; Single collecting main with aspiration via standpipe and pretreatment of charging gas on the charging car as well as additional stationary exhaust and cleaning of charging gas; Single collecting main with aspiration via single standpipe; and Single collecting main with simultaneous aspiration via two standpipes and a U-tube connecting the oven chamber with the neighboring oven. The paper then briefly discusses prerequisites for reduction of charging emissions.

Schuecker, F.J.; Schulte, H. [Krupp Uhde GmbH, Dortmund (Germany)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Transport of elliptic intense charged -particle beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The transport theory of high-intensity elliptic charged-particle beams is presented. In particular, the halo formation and beam loss problem associated with the high space charge and small-aperture structure is addressed, ...

Zhou, J. (Jing), 1978-

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Fast Methods for Bimolecular Charge Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report a Hessian-implicit optimization method to quickly solve the charge optimization problem over protein molecules: given a ligand and its complex with a receptor, determine the ligand charge distribution that minimizes ...

Bardhan, Jaydeep P.

192

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved. 8 figs.

Haselman, L.C. Jr.

1996-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

193

Free form hemispherical shaped charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hemispherical shaped charge has been modified such that one side of the hemisphere is spherical and the other is aspherical allowing a wall thickness variation in the liner. A further modification is to use an elongated hemispherical shape. The liner has a thick wall at its pole and a thin wall at the equator with a continually decreasing wall thickness from the pole to the equator. The ratio of the wall thickness from the pole to the equator varies depending on liner material and HE shape. Hemispherical shaped charges have previously been limited to spherical shapes with no variations in wall thicknesses. By redesign of the basic liner thicknesses, the jet properties of coherence, stability, and mass distribution have been significantly improved.

Haselman, Jr., Leonard C. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gabadadze, Gregory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Vortex Structure in Charged Condensate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magnetic fields in the charged condensate that we have previously argued should be present in helium-core white dwarf stars. We show that below a certain critical value the magnetic field is entirely expelled from the condensate, while for larger values it penetrates the condensate within flux-tubes that are similar to Abrikosov vortex lines; yet higher fields lead to the disruption of the condensate. We find the solution for the vortex lines in both relativistic and nonrelativistic theories that exhibit the charged condensation. We calculate the energy density of the vortex solution and the values of the critical magnetic fields. The minimum magnetic field required for vortices to penetrate the helium white dwarf cores ranges from roughly 10^7 to 10^9 Gauss. Fields of this strength have been observed in white dwarfs. We also calculate the London magnetic field due to the rotation of a dwarf star and show that its value is rather small.

Gregory Gabadadze; Rachel A. Rosen

2009-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

196

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and Userof a blast-resistant naval steel |Impact ofARM-0501

197

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and Userof a blast-resistant naval steel |Impact ofARM-05012

198

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User Group and Userof a blast-resistant naval steel |Impact

199

Charge  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation SitesStandingtheir AtmosphericAnalysisVents Using1 Mixed-Phase Cloud

200

CHARGED PARTICLE MULTIPLICITIES AT BRAHMS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report presents the measurement of charged particle multiplicity densities dN/d{eta} in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions as function of {eta} and the centrality of the collisions. This distributions were extracted from data collected by the BRAHMS collaboration during the first RHK run with gold ions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 130A {center_dot} GeV. The analysis method is described and, results are compared to some model predictions.

DEBBE, R., FOR THE BRAHMS COLLABORATION

2001-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Quarks with Integer Electric Charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the context of the Standard Model, quarks are placed in a $(\\mathbf{3},\\mathbf{2})\\oplus (\\mathbf{3},\\bar{\\mathbf{2}})$ matter field representation of $U_{EW}(2)$. Although the quarks carry unit intrinsic electric charge in this construction, anomaly cancellation constrains the Lagrangian in such a way that the quarks' associated currents couple to the photon with the usual 2/3 and 1/3 fractional electric charge associated with conventional quarks. The resulting model is identical to the Standard Model in the $SU_C(3)$ sector: However, in the $U_{EW}(2)$ sector it is similar but not necessarily equivalent. Off hand, the model appears to be phenomenologically equivalent to the conventional quark model in the electroweak sector for experimental conditions that preclude observation of individual constituent currents. On the other hand, it is conceivable that detailed analyses for electroweak reactions may reveal discrepancies with the Standard Model in high energy and/or large momentum transfer reactions. The possibility of quarks with integer electric charge strongly suggests the notion that leptons and quarks are merely different manifestations of the same underlying field. A speculative model is proposed in which a phase transition is assumed to occur between $SU_C(3)\\otimes U_{EM}(1)$ and $U_{EM}(1)$ regimes. This immediately; explains the equality of lepton/quark generations and lepton/hadron electric charge, relates neutrino oscillations to quark flavor mixing, reduces the free parameters of the Standard Model, and renders the issue of quark confinement moot.

J. LaChapelle

2015-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

202

Charging Graphene for Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Since 2004, graphene, including single atomic layer graphite sheet, and chemically derived graphene sheets, has captured the imagination of researchers for energy storage because of the extremely high surface area (2630 m2/g) compared to traditional activated carbon (typically below 1500 m2/g), excellent electrical conductivity, high mechanical strength, and potential for low cost manufacturing. These properties are very desirable for achieving high activity, high capacity and energy density, and fast charge and discharge. Chemically derived graphene sheets are prepared by oxidation and reduction of graphite1 and are more suitable for energy storage because they can be made in large quantities. They still contain multiply stacked graphene sheets, structural defects such as vacancies, and oxygen containing functional groups. In the literature they are also called reduced graphene oxide, or functionalized graphene sheets, but in this article they are all referred to as graphene for easy of discussion. Two important applications, batteries and electrochemical capacitors, have been widely investigated. In a battery material, the redox reaction occurs at a constant potential (voltage) and the energy is stored in the bulk. Therefore, the energy density is high (more than 100 Wh/kg), but it is difficult to rapidly charge or discharge (low power, less than 1 kW/kg)2. In an electrochemical capacitor (also called supercapacitors or ultracapacitor in the literature), the energy is stored as absorbed ionic species at the interface between the high surface area carbon and the electrolyte, and the potential is a continuous function of the state-of-charge. The charge and discharge can happen rapidly (high power, up to 10 kW/kg) but the energy density is low, less than 10 Wh/kg2. A device that can have both high energy and high power would be ideal.

Liu, Jun

2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

203

Electrochemically controlled charging circuit for storage batteries  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrochemically controlled charging circuit for charging storage batteries is disclosed. The embodiments disclosed utilize dc amplification of battery control current to minimize total energy expended for charging storage batteries to a preset voltage level. The circuits allow for selection of Zener diodes having a wide range of reference voltage levels. Also, the preset voltage level to which the storage batteries are charged can be varied over a wide range.

Onstott, E.I.

1980-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

204

Electric Vehicle Charging as an Enabling Technology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric Vehicle Charging as an Enabling Technology Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy technologies, electric vehicles and the appurtenant charging infrastructure, is explored in detail to determine regarding system load profiles, vehicle charging strategies, electric vehicle adoption rates, and storage

205

Charged Cosmic Rays And Particle Dark Matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Charged Particle Astrophysics With Pamela Combination of tracker and calorimeter enable charge, mass, and energy determinations Very accurate particle ID Tracker Calorimeter e- e+ p+ Dan Hooper screwed up? Charge-dependent solar modulation important below 5-10 GeV! (Pamela's sub-10 GeV positrons

Maryland at College Park, University of

206

STATE OF CALIFORNIA CHARGE INDICATOR DISPLAY (CID)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RA3.4.2. If refrigerant charge verification is required for compliance, and a CID has been installed compliance with the refrigerant charge verification requirement for that system, thus submittal of a standard refrigerant charge verification compliance form (MECH 25) is not required for a system that has a passing CID

207

Space Charge and Equilibrium Emittances in Damping Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE CHARGE AND EQUILIBRIUM EMITTANCES IN DAMPING RINGS ?for the pos- sible impact of space charge on the equilibriumrings. INTRODUCTION Direct space charge effects have the

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu; Wolski, Andy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Workplace Charging Challenge: Promote PEVs and Charging at Work |  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf TheViolations |Join the Challenge Workplace ChargingDepartment of

209

Residual dust charges in discharge afterglow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An on-ground measurement of dust-particle residual charges in the afterglow of a dusty plasma was performed in a rf discharge. An upward thermophoretic force was used to balance the gravitational force. It was found that positively charged, negatively charged, and neutral dust particles coexisted for more than 1 min after the discharge was switched off. The mean residual charge for 200-nm-radius particles was measured. The dust particle mean charge is about -5e at a pressure of 1.2 mbar and about -3e at a pressure of 0.4 mbar.

Coueedel, L.; Mikikian, M.; Boufendi, L.; Samarian, A. A. [GREMI - Groupe de Recherches sur l'Energetique des Milieux Ionises, CNRS/Universite d'Orleans, 14 rue d'Issoudun, 45067 Orleans Cedex 2 (France); School of Physics A28, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

DECAY CONSTANTS OF CHARGED PSEUDO-SCALAR MESONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- and D+ s decays, the existence of a charged Higgs boson (or any other charged object beyond the Standard

211

DECAY CONSTANTS OF CHARGED PSEUDO-SCALAR MESONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, the existence of a charged Higgs boson (or any other charged object beyond the Standard Model) would modify

212

Xcel Energy Wind and Biomass Generation Mandate  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Minnesota law (Minn. Stat. § 216B.2423) requires Xcel Energy to build or contract for 225 megawatts (MW) of installed wind-energy capacity in the state by December 31, 1998, and to build or...

213

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act; Intergovernmental Consultation | Department  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' Research Petroleum ReserveDepartment ofEnergy, Office of Inspector General -Planof

214

Why do Particle Clouds Generate Electric Charges?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grains in desert sandstorms spontaneously generate strong electrical charges; likewise volcanic dust plumes produce spectacular lightning displays. Charged particle clouds also cause devastating explosions in food, drug, and coal processing industries. Despite the wide-ranging importance of granular charging in both nature and industry, even the simplest aspects of its causes remain elusive, for it is difficult to understand how inert grains in contact with little more than other inert grains can generate the large charges observed. In this paper, we present a simple yet predictive explanation for the charging of granular materials in collisional flows. We argue from very basic considerations that charge transfer can be expected in collisions of identical dielectric grains, and we confirm the model's predictions using discrete element simulations and a tabletop granular experiment.

T. Pähtz; H. J. Herrmann; T. Shinbrot

2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

215

Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location.

Garnett, Robert W. (Los Alamos, NM); Dobelbower, M. Christian (Toledo, OH)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Circular, confined distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charged particle beam line is formed with magnetic optics that manipulate the charged particle beam to form the beam having a generally rectangular configuration to a circular beam cross-section having a uniform particle distribution at a predetermined location. First magnetic optics form a charged particle beam to a generally uniform particle distribution over a square planar area at a known first location. Second magnetic optics receive the charged particle beam with the generally square configuration and affect the charged particle beam to output the charged particle beam with a phase-space distribution effective to fold corner portions of the beam toward the core region of the beam. The beam forms a circular configuration having a generally uniform spatial particle distribution over a target area at a predetermined second location. 26 figs.

Garnett, R.W.; Dobelbower, M.C.

1995-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

217

Non-intrusive refrigerant charge indicator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-intrusive refrigerant charge level indicator includes a structure for measuring at least one temperature at an outside surface of a two-phase refrigerant line section. The measured temperature can be used to determine the refrigerant charge status of an HVAC system, and can be converted to a pressure of the refrigerant in the line section and compared to a recommended pressure range to determine whether the system is under-charged, properly charged or over-charged. A non-intrusive method for assessing the refrigerant charge level in a system containing a refrigerant fluid includes the step of measuring a temperature at least one outside surface of a two-phase region of a refrigerant containing refrigerant line, wherein the temperature measured can be converted to a refrigerant pressure within the line section.

Mei, Viung C.; Chen, Fang C.; Kweller, Esher

2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

218

Why do Particle Clouds Generate Electric Charges?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Grains in desert sandstorms spontaneously generate strong electrical charges; likewise volcanic dust plumes produce spectacular lightning displays. Charged particle clouds also cause devastating explosions in food, drug and coal processing industries. Despite the wide-ranging importance of granular charging in both nature and industry, even the simplest aspects of its causes remain elusive, because it is difficult to understand how inert grains in contact with little more than other inert grains can generate the large charges observed. Here, we present a simple yet predictive explanation for the charging of granular materials in collisional flows. We argue from very basic considerations that charge transfer can be expected in collisions of identical dielectric grains in the presence of an electric field, and we confirm the model's predictions using discrete-element simulations and a tabletop granular experiment.

T. Pähtz; H. J. Herrmann; T. Shinbrot

2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

219

Review of Variable Generation Integration Charges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The growth of wind and solar generation in the United States, and the expectation of continued growth of these technologies, dictates that the future power system will be operated in a somewhat different manner because of increased variability and uncertainty. A small number of balancing authorities have attempted to determine an 'integration cost' to account for these changes to their current operating practices. Some balancing authorities directly charge wind and solar generators for integration charges, whereas others add integration charges to projected costs of wind and solar in integrated resource plans or in competitive solicitations for generation. This report reviews the balancing authorities that have calculated variable generation integration charges and broadly compares and contrasts the methodologies they used to determine their specific integration charges. The report also profiles each balancing authority and how they derived wind and solar integration charges.

Porter, K.; Fink, S.; Buckley, M.; Rogers, J.; Hodge, B. M.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

On the Electric Charge of the Neutrino  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Exact expression is obtained for the differential cross section of elastic electroweak scattering of longitudinal polarized massive Dirac neutrinos with the electric charge and anomalous magnetic moment on a spinless nucleus. This formula contains all necessary information about the nature of the neutrino mass, charge and magnetic moment. Some of them state that between the mass of the neutrino its electric charge there exists an interconnection.

Rasulkhozha S. Sarafiddinov

2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Particle accelerator employing transient space charge potentials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides an accelerator for ions and charged particles. The plasma is generated and confined in a magnetic mirror field. The electrons of the plasma are heated to high temperatures. A series of local coils are placed along the axis of the magnetic mirror field. As an ion or particle beam is directed along the axis in sequence the coils are rapidly pulsed creating a space charge to accelerate and focus the beam of ions or charged particles.

Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Magnetic guidance of charged particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Many experiments and devices in physics use static magnetic fields to guide charged particles from a source onto a detector, and we ask the innocent question: What is the distribution of particle intensity over the detector surface? One should think that the solution to this seemingly simple problem is well known. We show that, even for uniform guide fields, this is not the case and present analytical point spread functions (PSF) for magnetic transport that deviate strongly from previous results. The "magnetic" PSF shows unexpected singularities, which were recently also observed experimentally, and which make detector response very sensitive to minute changes of position, field amplitude, or particle energy. In the field of low-energy particle physics, these singularities may become a source of error in modern high precision experiments, or may be used for instrument tests, for instance in neutrino mass retardation spectrometers.

Dubbers, Dirk

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

EV Project: Solar-Assisted Charging Demo  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Melissa Lapsa 2014 DOE Vehicle Technologies Office Review Presentation EV Project - Solar- Assisted Charging Demo VSS138 2014 U.S. DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

224

EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge: Resources | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

the basics of electric vehicles and their charging needs. Vehicle Basics The Alternative Fuel Data Center's section on Plug-in Vehicles provides basic information on these...

225

Randomly charged polymers in porous environment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the conformational properties of charged polymers in a solvent in the presence of structural obstacles correlated according to a power law $\\sim x^{-a}$. We work within the continuous representation of a model of linear chain considered as a random sequence of charges $q_i=\\pm q_0$. Such a model captures the properties of polyampholytes -- heteropolymers comprising both positively and negatively charged monomers. We apply the direct polymer renormalization scheme and analyze the scaling behavior of charged polymers up to the first order of an $\\epsilon=6-d$, $\\delta=4-a$-expansion.

V. Blavatska; C. von Ferber

2013-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

226

Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Guidelines: British Columbia Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Deployment Guidelines: British Columbia Agency...

227

Vehicle Technologies Office: EV Everywhere Workplace Charging...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

States are parked at overnight locations with access to plugs, providing a great foundation for the country's plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging infrastructure. However,...

228

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: National Renewable Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

advance related science and engineering, and transfer knowledge and innovations. A 1,800-car parking garage at NREL's South Table Mountain Campus includes 36 charging stations. In...

229

Soret Motion of a Charged Spherical Colloid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermophoretic motion of a charged spherical colloidal particle and its accompanying cloud of counterions and co-ions in a temperature gradient is studied theoretically. Using the Debye-Huckel approximation, the Soret drift velocity of a weakly charged colloid is calculated analytically. For highly charged colloids, the nonlinear system of electrokinetic equations is solved numerically, and the effects of high surface potential, dielectrophoresis, and convection are examined. Our results are in good agreement with some of the recent experiments on highly charged colloids without using adjustable parameters.

Seyyed Nader Rasuli; Ramin Golestanian

2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

230

Aspects of charge recombination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis, aspects of charge reconbination and charge transport in organic solar cells and light-emitting devices are presented. These devices show promise relative to traditional inorganic semiconductors. We show ...

Difley, Seth

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Identifying the Charge Carriers of the Quark-Gluon Plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge correlations in lattice gauge calculations suggest that up, down and strange charges move independently in the QGP (quark-gluon plasma), and that the density of such charges is similar to what is expected from simple thermal arguments. Here, we show how specific elements of the charge-charge correlation matrix in the QGP survive hadronization and become manifest in final-state charge-charge correlation measurements.

Scott Pratt

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

Charged Higgs boson searches at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the latest results from searches for singly charged Higgs bosons carried out by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations at the LHC. Both experiments have searched for production of charged Higgs bosons in pp collisions of up to 20 (5) fb^-

Chakraborty, Dhiman; The ATLAS collaboration

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Optimal Decentralized Protocols for Electric Vehicle Charging Lingwen Gan Ufuk Topcu Steven Low Abstract--We propose decentralized algorithms for optimally scheduling electric vehicle (EV) charging. The algorithms exploit the elasticity and controllability of electric vehicle loads in order to fill the valleys

Low, Steven H.

234

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

INTRODUCTION The Electrical Charge and Relativity This course starts with the introduction of concepts related to just electricity: charge, electric field, electric potential energy, conservation of electric energy, etc. Notice that latter terms sound already very familiar to what you have learned in PH

235

Algebraic charge liquids RIBHU K. KAUL1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to this fermion as a `holon'. The holon comes in two species, carrying charges ±1 in its interaction holons with charges ±1. From the f± and aµ, we can construct a variety of observables whose correlations

Loss, Daniel

236

Hydrodynamics of charge fluctuations and balance functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We apply stochastic hydrodynamics to the study of charge density fluctuations in QCD matter undergoing Bjorken expansion. We find that the charge density correlations are given by a time integral over the history of the system, with the dominant contribution coming from the QCD crossover region where the change of susceptibility per entropy, chi T/s, is most significant. We study the rapidity and azimuthal angle dependence of the resulting charge balance function using a simple analytic model of heavy-ion collision evolution. Our results are in agreement with experimental measurements, indicating that hydrodynamic fluctuations contribute significantly to the measured charge correlations in high energy heavy-ion collisions. The sensitivity of the balance function to the value of the charge diffusion coefficient D allows us to estimate the typical value of this coefficient in the crossover region to be rather small, of the order of 1/(2pi T), characteristic of a strongly coupled plasma.

B. Ling; T. Springer; M. Stephanov

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

237

Electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector system having enhanced radio frequency interference immunity includes a detector housing with a detector entrance opening for receiving the charged particles. A charged particle detector having an active surface is disposed within the housing. The active surface faces toward the detector entrance opening for providing electrical signals representative of the received charged particles when the received charged particles are applied to the active surface. A conductive layer is disposed upon the active surface. In a preferred embodiment, a nonconductive layer is disposed between the conductive layer and the active surface. The conductive layer is electrically coupled to the detector housing to provide a substantially continuous conductive electrical shield surrounding the active surface. The inner surface of the detector housing is supplemented with a radio frequency absorbing material such as ferrite. 1 fig.

Balmer, D.K.; Haverty, T.W.; Nordin, C.W.; Tyree, W.H.

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

238

Electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electronically shielded solid state charged particle detector system having enhanced radio frequency interference immunity includes a detector housing with a detector entrance opening for receiving the charged particles. A charged particle detector having an active surface is disposed within the housing. The active surface faces toward the detector entrance opening for providing electrical signals representative of the received charged particles when the received charged particles are applied to the active surface. A conductive layer is disposed upon the active surface. In a preferred embodiment, a nonconductive layer is disposed between the conductive layer and the active surface. The conductive layer is electrically coupled to the detector housing to provide a substantially continuous conductive electrical shield surrounding the active surface. The inner surface of the detector housing is supplemented with a radio frequency absorbing material such as ferrite.

Balmer, David K. (155 Coral Way, Broomfield, CO 80020); Haverty, Thomas W. (1173 Logan, Northglenn, CO 80233); Nordin, Carl W. (7203 W. 32nd Ave., Wheatridge, CO 80033); Tyree, William H. (1977 Senda Rocosa, Boulder, CO 80303)

1996-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

239

Proximity charge sensing for semiconductor detectors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A non-contact charge sensor includes a semiconductor detector having a first surface and an opposing second surface. The detector includes a high resistivity electrode layer on the first surface and a low resistivity electrode on the high resistivity electrode layer. A portion of the low resistivity first surface electrode is deleted to expose the high resistivity electrode layer in a portion of the area. A low resistivity electrode layer is disposed on the second surface of the semiconductor detector. A voltage applied between the first surface low resistivity electrode and the second surface low resistivity electrode causes a free charge to drift toward the first or second surface according to a polarity of the free charge and the voltage. A charge sensitive preamplifier coupled to a non-contact electrode disposed at a distance from the exposed high resistivity electrode layer outputs a signal in response to movement of free charge within the detector.

Luke, Paul N; Tindall, Craig S; Amman, Mark

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

240

New charge radius relations for atomic nuclei  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the charge radii of neighboring atomic nuclei, independent of atomic number and charge, follow remarkably very simple relations, despite the fact that atomic nuclei are complex finite many-body systems governed by the laws of quantum mechanics. These relations can be understood within the picture of independent-particle motion and by assuming neighboring nuclei having similar pattern in the charge density distribution. A root-mean-square (rms) deviation of 0.0078 fm is obtained between the predictions in these relations and the experimental values, i.e., a comparable precision as modern experimental techniques. Such high accuracy relations are very useful to check the consistence of nuclear charge radius surface and moreover to predict unknown nuclear charge radii, while large deviations from experimental data is seen to reveal the appearance of nuclear shape transition or coexsitence.

B. H. Sun; Y. Lu; J. P. Peng; C. Y. Liu; Y. M. Zhao

2014-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Charge and spin topological insulators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The topologically nontrivial states of matter-charge and spin topological insulators, which exhibit, respectively, properties of the integer quantum Hall effect and the quantum spin Hall effect-are discussed. The topological characteristics (invariant with respect to weak adiabatic changes in the Hamiltonian parameters) which lead to such states are considered. The model of a 2D hexagonal lattice having symmetries broken with respect to time reversal and spatial inversion which was proposed by Haldane and marked the beginning of unprecedented activity in the study of topologically nontrivial states is discussed. This model relates the microscopic nature of the symmetry breaking with respect to the time reversal to the occurrence of spontaneous orbital currents which circulate within a unit cell. Such currents become zero upon summation over the unit cell, but they may form spreading current states at the surface which are similar to the edge current states under the quantum Hall effect. The first model of spontaneous currents (exciton insulator model) is considered, and the possibility of implementing new topologically nontrivial states in this model is discussed.

Kopaev, Yu. V., E-mail: kopaev@sci.lebedev.ru; Gorbatsevich, A. A.; Belyavskii, V. I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

242

The electric charge and magnetic moment of neutral fundamental particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The article focuses on the issue of the two definitions of charge, mainly the gauge charge and the effective charge of fundamental particles. Most textbooks on classical electromagnetism and quantum field theory only works with the gauge charges while the concept of the induced charge remains unattended. In this article it has been shown that for intrinsically charged particles both of the charges remain the same but there can be situations where an electrically neutral particle picks up some electrical charge from its plasma surrounding. The physical origin and the scope of application of the induced charge concept has been briefly discussed in the article.

Kaushik Bhattacharya

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

243

Simulating spin-charge separation with light  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we show that stationary light-matter excitations generated inside a hollow one-dimensional waveguide filled with atoms, can be made to generate a photonic two-component Lieb Liniger model. We explain how to prepare and drive the atomic system to a strongly interacting regime where spin-charge separation could be possible. We then proceed by explaining how to measure the corresponding effective spin and charge densities and velocities through standard optical methods based in measuring dynamically the emitted photon intensities or by analyzing the photon spectrum. The relevant interactions exhibit the necessary tunability both to generate and efficiently observe spin charge separation with current technology.

Dimitris G. Angelakis; Mingxia Huo; Elica Kyoseva; Leong Chuan kwek

2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

244

Superconducting Hair on Charged Black String Background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Behaviour of Dirac fermions in the background of a charged black string penetrated by an Abelian Higgs vortex is elaborated. One finds the evidence that the system under consideration can support fermion fields acting like a superconducting cosmic string in the sence that a nontrivial Dirac fermion field can be carried by the system in question. The case of nonextremal and extremal black string vortex systems were considered. The influence of electric and Higgs charge, the winding number and the fermion mass on the fermion localization near the black string event horizon was studied. It turned out that the extreme charged black string expelled fermion fields more violently comparing to the nonextremal one.

Lukasz Nakonieczny; Marek Rogatko

2012-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

245

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Requirements for Determining Refrigerant Charge Residential Air Conditioning Measures Improved Refrigerant Charge Purpose Component packages require in some climate zones that split system air refrigerant charge. For the performance method, the proposed design is modeled with less efficiency

246

Join the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Workplace Charging Challenge is open to employers of all sizes and industry types in the United States. Taking the Challenge offers benefits to employers who are...

247

Charging Up in King County, Washington  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a...

248

A User Programmable Battery Charging System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, high energy density and longer lasting batteries with efficient charging systems are being developed by companies and original equipment manufacturers. Whatever the application may be, rechargeable batteries, which deliver power to a load or system...

Amanor-Boadu, Judy M

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

249

Basophile: Accurate Fragment Charge State Prediction Improves...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Accurate Fragment Charge State Prediction Improves Peptide Identification Rates."Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics 11(2):86-95. doi:10.1016j.gpb.2012.11.004 Authors: D...

250

Charging Up in King County, Washington  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

King County, Washington is spearheading a regional effort to develop a network of electric vehicle charging stations. It is also improving its vehicle fleet and made significant improvements to a low-income senior housing development.

Constantine, Dow; Oliver, LeAnn; Inslee, Jay; Sahandy, Sheida; Posthuma, Ron; Morrison, David;

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

251

Mapping Particle Charges in Battery Electrodes  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of batteries masks their chemical complexity. A typical lithium-ion battery in a cell phone consists of trillions of particles. When a lithium-ion battery is charged or...

252

Energetics of protein charge transfer and photosynthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energetics of protein charge transfer and photosynthesis Dmitry Matyushov Arizona State scheme is to snap a proton from solution! #12; Bacterial photosynthesis e 0.25 eV lost in two

Matyushov, Dmitry

253

Weak Charge of 133 Walter Johnson  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Atomic PNC and the Weak Charge of 133 Cs Walter Johnson Department of Physics Notre Dame University http://www.nd.edu/johnson June 21, 2002 Abstract Atomic PNC measurements and calculations are reviewed

Johnson, Walter R.

254

Robust statistical reconstruction for charged particle tomography  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods for charged particle detection including statistical reconstruction of object volume scattering density profiles from charged particle tomographic data to determine the probability distribution of charged particle scattering using a statistical multiple scattering model and determine a substantially maximum likelihood estimate of object volume scattering density using expectation maximization (ML/EM) algorithm to reconstruct the object volume scattering density. The presence of and/or type of object occupying the volume of interest can be identified from the reconstructed volume scattering density profile. The charged particle tomographic data can be cosmic ray muon tomographic data from a muon tracker for scanning packages, containers, vehicles or cargo. The method can be implemented using a computer program which is executable on a computer.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

255

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Lawrence Berkeley National...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

has made plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) readiness a major focus of its site sustainability strategy. The laboratory began PEV charging for employees on a modest scale in May...

256

Sample Employee Survey for Workplace Charging Planning  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

vehicle (ex. Chevy Volt, Ford C-MAX, etc.) b. Electric vehicle (ex. Nissan Leaf, BMW Active-E, etc.) 5. Do you or would you have the ability to install a charging station...

257

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Chrysler Group LLC | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Joined the Workplace Charging Challenge: January 31, 2013 Headquarters: Auburn Hills, MI Charging Locations: Auburn Hills, MI Domestic Employees: 44,000 More Partners See All...

258

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports AVTA: ARRA EV Project Charging Infrastructure Data Summary Reports The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity...

259

Charge Trapping in High Efficiency Alternating Copolymers: Implication...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Charge Trapping in High Efficiency Alternating Copolymers: Implications in Organic Photovoltaic Device Efficiency Home > Research > ANSER Research Highlights > Charge Trapping in...

260

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Former Oak Ridge Bechtel Jacobs Employee Charged with Violating Atomic Energy Act Department of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

all days Percentage of charging units connected on single calendar day with peak electricity demand Charging Demand: Range of Aggregate Electricity Demand versus Time of Day...

262

Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables and Energy Storage Mitigation of Vehicle Fast Charge Grid Impacts with Renewables and Energy Storage 2012 DOE...

263

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Wireless Charging...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Wireless Charging Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Wireless Charging Presentation given by Oak Ridge National Laboratory at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program...

264

High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Most accurate and detailed chemical...

265

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Presentation given at...

266

A Shell Model for Atomistic Simulation of Charge Transfer in...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Shell Model for Atomistic Simulation of Charge Transfer in Titania. A Shell Model for Atomistic Simulation of Charge Transfer in Titania. Abstract: The derivation of atomistic...

267

AVTA: ARRA EV Project Residential Charging Infrastructure Maps...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Charging Infrastructure Maps AVTA: ARRA EV Project Residential Charging Infrastructure Maps The Vehicle Technologies Office's Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity carries...

268

Scalable quantum computer using superconducting charge qubits  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a scalable scheme for superconducting charge qubits with the assistance of one-dimensional superconducting transmission line resonator (STLR) playing the role of data bus. The coupling between qubit and data bus may be turned on and off by just controlling the gate voltage and externally applied flux of superconducting charge qubit. In our proposal, the entanglement between arbitrary two qubits and $W$ states of three qubits can be generated quickly and easily.

W. Y. Huo; G. L. Long

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

269

Where do Nissan Leaf drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper invesigates where Nissan Leaf drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at work, home, or some other location?

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Where do Chevrolet Volt drivers in The EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper investigates where Chevy Volt drivers in the EV Project charge when they have the opportunity to charge at work. Do they charge at home, work, or some other location.

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Search milli-charged particles at SLAC  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Particles with electric charge q {triple_bond} Qe {le} 10{sup -3} e and masses in the range 1-1000 MeV/c{sup 2} are not excluded by present experiments or by astrophysical or cosmological arguments. A beam dump experiment uniquely suited to the detection of such {open_quotes}milli-charged{close_quotes} particles has been carried out at SLAC, utilizing the short-duration pulses of the SLC electron beam to establish a tight coincidence window for the signal. The detector, a large scintillation counter sensitive to very small energy depositions, provided much greater sensitivity than previous searches. Analysis of the data leads to the exclusion of a substantial portion of the charge-mass plane. In this report, a preliminary mass-dependent upper limit is presented for the charge of milli-charged particles, ranging from Q = 1.7 x 10{sup -5} at milli-charged particle mass 0.1 MeV/c{sup 2} to Q = 9.5 x 10{sup -4} at 100 MeV/c{sup 2}.

Langeveld, W.G.J. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Gravitational collapse of charged scalar fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to study the gravitational collapse of charged matter we analyze the simple model of an self-gravitating massless scalar field coupled to the electromagnetic field in spherical symmetry. The evolution equations for the Maxwell-Klein-Gordon sector are derived in the 3+1 formalism, and coupled to gravity by means of the stress-energy tensor of these fields. To solve consistently the full system we employ a generalized Baumgarte-Shapiro-Shibata-Nakamura (BSSN) formulation of General Relativity that is adapted to spherical symmetry. We consider two sets of initial data that represent a time symmetric spherical thick shell of charged scalar field, and differ by the fact that one set has zero global electrical charge while the other has non-zero global charge. For compact enough initial shells we find that the configuration doesn't disperse and approaches a final state corresponding to a sub-extremal Reissner-N\\"ordstrom black hole with $|Q|charge of the scalar field $q$ we find that the final black hole tends to become more and more neutral. Our results support the cosmic censorship conjecture for the case of charged matter.

Jose M. Torres; Miguel Alcubierre

2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

273

Charge transfer reactions in nematic liquid crystals  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ultrafast transient absorption studies of intramolecular photoinduced charge separation and thermal charge recombination were carried out on a molecule consisting of a 4-(N-pyrrolidino)naphthalene-1,8-imide donor (PNI) covalently attached to a pyromellitimide acceptor (PI) dissolved in the liquid crystal 4{prime}-(n-pentyl)-4-cyanobiphenyl (5CB). The temperature dependencies of the charge separation and recombination rates were obtained at temperatures above the nematic-isotropic phase transition of 5CB, where ordered microdomains exist and scattering of visible light by these domains is absent. The authors show that excited state charge separation is dominated by molecular reorientation of 5CB perpendicular to the director within the liquid crystal microdomains. They also show that charge recombination is adiabatic and is controlled by the comparatively slow collective reorientation of the liquid crystal microdomains relative to the orientation of PNI{sup +}-PI{sup {minus}}. They also report the results of time resolved electron paramagnetic resonance (TREPR) studies of photoinduced charge separation in a series of supramolecular compounds dissolved in oriented liquid crystal solvents. These studies permit the determination of the radical pair energy levels as the solvent reorganization energy increases from the low temperature crystalline phase, through the soft glass phase, to the nematic phase of the liquid crystal.

Wiederrecht, G.P. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.; Wasielewski, M.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.; [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; Galili, T.; Levanon, H. [Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem (Israel). Dept. of Physical Chemistry

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Tunable Morphologies from Charged Block Copolymers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The bulk morphologies formed by a new class of charged block copolymers, 75 vol % fluorinated polyisoprene (FPI) 25 vol% sulfonated polystyrene (PSS) with 50% sulfonation, are characterized, and the fundamental underlying forces that promote the self-assembly processes are elucidated. The results show how the bulk morphologies are substantially different from their uncharged diblock counterparts (PS-PI) and also how morphology can be tuned with volume fraction of the charged block and the casting solvent. A physical understanding based on the underlying strong electrostatic interactions between the charged block and counterions is obtained using Monte Carlo (MC) and Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations. The 75/25 FPI-PSS shows hexagonal morphologies with the minority blocks (PSS) forming the continuous phase due to charge percolation and the FPI blocks arranged in hexagonal cylinders. Some long-range order can be sustained even if lipophobicity is increased (addition of water), albeit with lower dimensional structures. However, thermal annealing provides sufficient energy to disrupt the percolated charges and promotes aggregation of ionic sites which leads to a disordered system. Diverse and atypical morphologies are readily accessible by simply changing the number distribution of the charges on PSS block.

Goswami, Monojoy [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Messman, Jamie M [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Dual mandates or dueling mandates : federal energy efficiency programs and the Recovery Act  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In February 2009, President Barack Obama signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) into law, providing billions of dollars in funding for federal energy efficiency programs. ARRA represented different things ...

Sklarsky, Joshua (Joshua Lee)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Driving and Charging Behavior of Nissan Leafs in The EV Project with Access to Workplace Charging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper documents findings from analysis of data collected from Nissan Leafs enrolled in The EV Project who parked and charged at workplaces with EV charging equipment. It will be published as a white paper on INL's website, accessible by the general public.

Don Scoffield; Shawn Salisbury; John Smart

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Attraction between negatively charged surfaces mediated by spherical counterions with quadrupolar charge distribution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

charge distribution Jasna Urbanija,1 Klemen Bohinc,2 Alfredo Bellen,3 Stefano Maset,3 Ales Iglic,2 functional theory and Monte Carlo simulations, as that of two interacting flat electrical double layers and by performing the Monte Carlo simulation are in excellent agreement. For high enough charge densities

Iglic, Ales

278

Stochastic Distributed Protocol for Electric Vehicle Charging with Discrete Charging Rate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

including those in the integration into the electric power grid. For example, EV charging potentially studies demonstrate that adopting "smart" charging strategies can mitigate some of the integration Gan, Ufuk Topcu, Member, IEEE, and Steven H. Low, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--To address the grid

Winfree, Erik

279

Measuring and interpreting charge dependent anisotropic flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Chiral Magnetic Wave (CMW) [1] predicts a dependence of the positive and negative particle elliptic flow on the event charge asymmetry. Such a dependence has been observed by the STAR Collaboration [2]. However, it is rather difficult to interpret the results of this measurement, as well as to perform cross-experiment comparisons, due to the dependence of the observable on experimental inefficiencies and the kinematic acceptance used to determine the net asymmetry. We propose another observable that is free from these deficiencies. It also provides possibilities for differential measurements clarifying the interpretation of the results. We use this new observable to study the effect of the local charge conservation that can mimic the effect of the CMW in charge dependent flow measurements.

Sergei A. Voloshin; Ronald Belmont

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

280

Nano watermill driven by the revolving charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using molecular dynamics simulations, we propose a novel nanoscale watermill for unidirectional transport of water molecules through a curved single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT). In this nanoscale system, a revolving charge is introduced to drive water chain confined inside the SWNT, which is served as nano waterwheel and nano engine. A resonance-like phenomenon is found that the revolving frequency of the charge plays a key role in pumping water chain. The water flux across the SWNT increases with respect to the revolving frequency of the external charge and reaches the maximum when the frequency is 4 THz. Correspondingly, the number of the hydrogen bonds of water chain inside the SWNT decreases dramatically with the frequency ranging from 4 THz to 25 THz. The mechanism behind the resonant phenomenon has been investigated systematically. Our findings are helpful for designing nanoscale fluidic devices and energy converters.

Zhou, Xiaoyan; Nie, Xuechuan; Wu, Fengmin; Liu, Yang; Lu, Hangjun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Spreading of triboelectrically charged granular matter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the spreading of triboelectrically charged glass particles on an oppositely charged surface of a plastic cylindrical container in the presence of a constant mechanical agitation. The particles spread via sticking, as a monolayer on the cylinder's surface. Continued agitation initiates a sequence of instabilities of this monolayer, which first forms periodic wavy-stripe-shaped transverse density modulation in the monolayer and then ejects narrow and long particle-jets from the tips of these stripes. These jets finally coalesce laterally to form a homogeneous spreading front that is layered along the spreading direction. These remarkable growth patterns are related to a time evolving frictional drag between the moving charged glass particles and the countercharges on the plastic container. The results provide insight into the multiscale time-dependent tribolelectric processes and motivates further investigation into the microscopic causes of these macroscopic dynamical instabilities and spatial structures.

Deepak Kumar; A. Sane; Smita Gohil; P. R. Bandaru; S. Bhattacharya; Shankar Ghosh

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

282

Fractional electric charge and quark confinement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Owing to their fractional electric charges, quarks are blind to transformations that combine a color center phase with an appropriate electromagnetic one. Such transformations are part of a global $Z_6$-like center symmetry of the Standard Model that is lost when quantum chromodynamics (QCD) is treated as an isolated theory. This symmetry and the corresponding topological defects may be relevant to non-perturbative phenomena such as quark confinement, much like center symmetry and ordinary center vortices are in pure SU($N$) gauge theories. Here we report on our investigations of an analogous symmetry in a 2-color model with dynamical Wilson quarks carrying half-integer electric charge.

Sam R. Edwards; André Sternbeck; Lorenz von Smekal

2012-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

283

Josephson oscillations of charge density waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The formation of charge density waves in solids was originally proposed as a possible mechanism for superconductivity by Froehlich. Although the experimentally discovered materials with charge density waves (CDW)s are found to have finite resistivity as a result of impurity pinning, they nevertheless reveal many interesting features including motion which is analogous to a resistively shunted Josephson junction of superconductors. The noise spectrum of CDW systems is reviewed with particular emphasis on interactions with normal as well as magnetic impurities. Future prospects for observing an amplitude variation of the noise signals induced by a magnetic field are proposed.

Ruvalds, J.; Tua, P.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Static charged fluid spheres in general relativity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Interior perfect fluid solutions for the Reissner-Nordstrom metric are studied on the basis of a new classification scheme. It specifies which two of the fluid's characteristics are given functions and picks up accordingly one of the three main field equations, the other two being universal. General formulae are found for charged de Sitter solutions, the case of constant energy component of the energy-momentum tensor, the case of known pressure (including charged dust) and the case of linear equation of state. Explicit new global solutions, mainly in elementary functions, are given as illustrations. Known solutions are briefly reviewed and corrected.

B. V. Ivanov

2001-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

285

Effective dynamics of a classical point charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effective Lagrangian of a point charge is derived by eliminating the electromagnetic field within the framework of the classical closed time path formalism. The short distance singularity of the electromagnetic field is regulated by an UV cutoff. The Abraham–Lorentz force is recovered and its similarity to quantum anomalies is underlined. The full cutoff-dependent linearized equation of motion is obtained, no runaway trajectories are found but the effective dynamics shows acausality if the cutoff is beyond the classical charge radius. The strength of the radiation reaction force displays a pole in its cutoff-dependence in a manner reminiscent of the Landau-pole of perturbative QED. Similarity between the dynamical breakdown of the time reversal invariance and dynamical symmetry breaking is pointed out. -- Highlights: •Extension of the classical action principle for dissipative systems. •New derivation of the Abraham–Lorentz force for a point charge. •Absence of a runaway solution of the Abraham–Lorentz force. •Acausality in classical electrodynamics. •Renormalization of classical electrodynamics of point charges.

Polonyi, Janos, E-mail: polonyi@iphc.cnrs.fr

2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

286

Solar Energy for Charging Fork Truck Batteries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

this price decrease in mind and does an economic study on the feasibility of using photovoltaic cells to charge electric fork lift trucks, at different costs per peak watt. This particular idea could be used as a measure of energy conservation for industrial...

Viljoen, T. A.; Turner, W. C.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Interaction of Gravitational Waves with Charged Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown here that a cloud of charged particles could in principle absorb energy from gravitational waves (GWs) incident upon it, resulting in wave attenuation. This could in turn have implications for the interpretation of future data from early universe GWs.

Thulsi Wickramasinghe; Will Rhodes; Mitchell Revalski

2015-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

288

Charge Noise in Graphene Transistors Iddo Heller,,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge Noise in Graphene Transistors Iddo Heller,,§ Sohail Chatoor, Jaan Ma¨nnik, Marcel A. G an experimental study of 1/f noise in liquid-gated graphene transistors. We show that the gate dependence to the graphene, while at high carrier density it is consistent with noise due to scattering in the channel

Dekker, Cees

289

Geodesic study of a charged black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The behavior of the timelike and null geodesics of charged E. Ay$\\acute{o}$n-Beato and A. Garcia (ABG) black hole are investigated. For circular and radial geodesics, we investigate all the possible motions by plotting the effective potentials for different parameters. In conclusion, we have shown that there is no phenomenon of \\textit{superradiance} in this case.

Mehedi Kalam; Nur Farhad; Sk. Monowar Hossein

2013-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

290

CP and charge asymmetries at CDF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present CDF results on the branching fractions and time-integrated direct CP asymmetries for B0 and B0s decay modes into pairs of charmless charged hadrons (pions or kaons). We report also the first observation of B0s->DsK mode and the measurement of its branching fraction.

Morello, Michael; /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Interaction of Gravitational Waves with Charged Particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is shown here that a cloud of charged particles could in principle absorb energy from gravitational waves (GWs) incident upon it, resulting in wave attenuation. This could in turn have implications for the interpretation of future data from early universe GWs.

Wickramasinghe, Thulsi; Revalski, Mitchell

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

R. E. Johnson Energetic ChargedParticle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

R. E. Johnson Energetic Charged­Particle Interactions with Atmospheres and Surfaces SPIN SpringerKong London Milan Paris Tokyo #12; #12; This book is dedicated to Ted and Elsie Johnson #12; #12; Preface, and a period of time with the group at Catania. January 2006 R.E. Johnson, #12; #12; Contents Part I Part Title

Johnson, Robert E.

293

Quantum Entropy of Charged Rotating Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I discuss a method for obtaining the one-loop quantum corrections to the tree-level entropy for a charged Kerr black hole. Divergences which appear can be removed by renormalization of couplings in the tree-level gravitational action in a manner similar to that for a static black hole.

R. B. Mann

1996-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

294

Rigidly rotating cylinders of charged dust  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The gravitational field of a rigidly rotating cylinder of charged dust is found analytically. The general and all regular solutions are divided into three classes. The acceleration and the vorticity of the dust are given, as well as the conditions for the appearance of closed timelike curves.

B. V. Ivanov

2002-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

295

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Water Conservation Task Force (2014 Charge) The Task Force will advise the Chancellor and Campus Provost/Executive Vice Chancellor (CP/EVC) on current and past water use and provide recommendations on implementation of policies for potable water use reductions in support of The Regents Policy on Sustainable

California at Santa Cruz, University of

296

QEP WORKING GROUP CHARGES Assessment Working Group  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and a framework that details timelines, leadership, resource allocation, and an assessment plan that is clearlyQEP WORKING GROUP CHARGES Assessment Working Group The topic of the QEP should fit should be supported by a thorough understanding of the institutional context and by assessment data

Liu, Paul

297

Three-dimensional charge coupled device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic three dimensional charged coupled device (3D-CCD) which utilizes the entire bulk of the semiconductor for charge generation, storage, and transfer. The 3D-CCD provides a vast improvement of current CCD architectures that use only the surface of the semiconductor substrate. The 3D-CCD is capable of developing a strong E-field throughout the depth of the semiconductor by using deep (buried) parallel (bulk) electrodes in the substrate material. Using backside illumination, the 3D-CCD architecture enables a single device to image photon energies from the visible, to the ultra-violet and soft x-ray, and out to higher energy x-rays of 30 keV and beyond. The buried or bulk electrodes are electrically connected to the surface electrodes, and an E-field parallel to the surface is established with the pixel in which the bulk electrodes are located. This E-field attracts charge to the bulk electrodes independent of depth and confines it within the pixel in which it is generated. Charge diffusion is greatly reduced because the E-field is strong due to the proximity of the bulk electrodes.

Conder, Alan D. (Tracy, CA); Young, Bruce K. F. (Livermore, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Process for fabricating a charge coupled device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A monolithic three dimensional charged coupled device (3D-CCD) which utilizes the entire bulk of the semiconductor for charge generation, storage, and transfer. The 3D-CCD provides a vast improvement of current CCD architectures that use only the surface of the semiconductor substrate. The 3D-CCD is capable of developing a strong E-field throughout the depth of the semiconductor by using deep (buried) parallel (bulk) electrodes in the substrate material. Using backside illumination, the 3D-CCD architecture enables a single device to image photon energies from the visible, to the ultra-violet and soft x-ray, and out to higher energy x-rays of 30 keV and beyond. The buried or bulk electrodes are electrically connected to the surface electrodes, and an E-field parallel to the surface is established with the pixel in which the bulk electrodes are located. This E-field attracts charge to the bulk electrodes independent of depth and confines it within the pixel in which it is generated. Charge diffusion is greatly reduced because the E-field is strong due to the proximity of the bulk electrodes.

Conder, Alan D. (Tracy, CA); Young, Bruce K. F. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Stochastic Dynamics of Charge Fluctuations in Dusty Plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Dust particles immersed in plasma acquire charge by collecting electrons and ions and also by emitting electrons. The grain charge fluctuates due to the discrete nature of the charge. The rates of ions and electrons capturing depend on the grain charge and therefore on the history of the absorption. Memory effects can be introduced into stochastic charging dynamics by generalizing the standard Langevin equation to fractional Langevin equation with shifted fractional derivative. The temporal autocorrelation function of grain charge fluctuation is derived and average amplitude of fluctuations is determined.

Asgari, H.; Muniandy, S. V.; Wong, C. S. [Plasma Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

300

Experimental investigation of induced-charge electro-osmosis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the general phenomenon of induced-charge electro-osmosis (ICEO), nonlinear electro-osmotic slip generated when an electric field acts on its own induced charge around a polarizable surface, in the context of ...

Levitan, Jeremy Asher, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Print Wednesday, 29 October 2008 00:00 Graphene-a single layer...

302

Residential Blink Charging Units Reporting Data in The EV Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

500 62.5 Miles Idaho National Laboratory 812013 INLMIS-12-26074 All EV Project residential charging units are AC Level 2. Residential Blink Charging Units Reporting Data in...

303

Residential Blink Charging Units Reporting Data in The EV Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

62.5 Miles Idaho National Laboratory 10162012 INLMIS-12-26074 All EV Project residential charging units are AC Level 2. Residential Blink Charging Units Reporting Data in...

304

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Doubly and Singly Charged Group...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Doubly and Singly Charged Group VIB Dimetalate Anions: M2O72-, MM'072-, and M207- (M, M'Cr, Mo, W Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Doubly and Singly Charged Group VIB Dimetalate...

305

Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions ?-PM12O403- (M Mo, W) in the Gas Phase. Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Free Multiply Charged Keggin Anions ?-PM12O403- (M Mo,...

306

State of charge indicators for a battery  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to state of charge indicators for a battery. One aspect of the present invention utilizes expansion and contraction displacements of an electrode plate of a battery to gauge the state of charge in the battery. One embodiment of a battery of the present invention includes an anodic plate; a cathodic plate; an electrolyte in contact with the anodic and cathodic plates; plural terminals individually coupled with one of the anodic and cathodic plates; a separator intermediate the anodic and cathodic plates; an indicator configured to indicate an energy level of the battery responsive to movement of the separator; and a casing configured to house the anodic and cathodic plates, electrolyte, and separator.

Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Increasing positive displacement charging pump reliability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of positive displacement pumps in many PWRs is an integral part of providing reactivity control via the Chemical and Volume Control system. This usually requires the continuous operation of at least one pump, typically with a flow rate of 44 gpm {at} 2,310 psig (167 lpm {at} 160 bar). Some PWRs use multiple pumps, and vary the letdown, while others use variable speed pumps. Regardless, the charging pumps run continuously. With the amount of reciprocating mass, differential pressure, and friction, it is a battle to maintain the pumps in peak operating condition for long periods of time. This paper will show how Entergy Operations` Waterford 3 SES was able to increase the reliability of the positive displacement Charging Pumps. Many different solutions were evaluated, and several adopted. The results are undeniable, as availability has increased and O and M costs have been reduced by 90% over 6 years.

Wade, J.H. III [Entergy Operations, Inc., Killona, LA (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Thermal quantum electrodynamics of nonrelativistic charged fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The theory relevant to the study of matter in equilibrium with the radiation field is thermal quantum electrodynamics (TQED). We present a formulation of the theory, suitable for non relativistic fluids, based on a joint functional integral representation of matter and field variables. In this formalism cluster expansion techniques of classical statistical mechanics become operative. They provide an alternative to the usual Feynman diagrammatics in many-body problems which is not perturbative with respect to the coupling constant. As an application we show that the effective Coulomb interaction between quantum charges is partially screened by thermalized photons at large distances. More precisely one observes an exact cancellation of the dipolar electric part of the interaction, so that the asymptotic particle density correlation is now determined by relativistic effects. It has still the $r^{-6}$ decay typical for quantum charges, but with an amplitude strongly reduced by a relativistic factor.

Pascal R. Buenzli; Philippe A. Martin; Marc D. Ryser

2007-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

309

High gradient lens for charged particle beam  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Methods and devices enable shaping of a charged particle beam. A dynamically adjustable electric lens includes a series of alternating a series of alternating layers of insulators and conductors with a hollow center. The series of alternating layers when stacked together form a high gradient insulator (HGI) tube to allow propagation of the charged particle beam through the hollow center of the HGI tube. A plurality of transmission lines are connected to a plurality of sections of the HGI tube, and one or more voltage sources are provided to supply an adjustable voltage value to each transmission line of the plurality of transmission lines. By changing the voltage values supplied to each section of the HGI tube, any desired electric field can be established across the HGI tube. This way various functionalities including focusing, defocusing, acceleration, deceleration, intensity modulation and others can be effectuated on a time varying basis.

Chen, Yu-Jiuan

2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

310

On quantization of mass and electrical charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suggested non-linear, non-gauge modification of the Maxwell theory of electromagnetism based on correlation between electromagnetic potential, $A_a$, and metric, $g_{ab}$, such that tensor $G_{ab} = g_{ab} - l^2{A}_a{A}_b$ represents observable metric. Here $l$ is fundamental constant of the theory. The idea, that the charge density of elementary particle could be a function of electromagnetic potential and background metric (only) is accepted, and specific model of the density is considered. Due to non-linearity of equations, one obtains solutions corresponding to quantized electrical charge with spectrum $q_{n} = {{2n}\\over3}e$ and $q'_{n} = -{(2n+1)\\over3}e$, where $n = 0, 1, 2, ...$

Dmitriy Palatnik

2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

311

Chiral anomaly, bosonization, and fractional charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a method to evaluate the Jacobian of chiral rotations, regulating determinants through the proper-time method and using Seeley's asymptotic expansion. With this method we compute easily the chiral anomaly for ..nu.. = 4,6 dimensions, discuss bosonization of some massless two-dimensional models, and handle the problem of charge fractionization. In addition, we comment on the general validity of Fujikawa's approach to regulate the Jacobian of chiral rotations with non-Hermitian operators.

Mignaco, J.A.; Monteiro, M.A.R.

1985-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

312

Longitudinal space charge effects near transition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental and numerical studies of the longitudinal beam dynamics in the Small Isochronous Ring (SIR) at Michigan State University revealed a fast, space-charge driven instability that did not fit the model of the negative mass instability. This paper proposes a simple analytical model explaining these results. Also, the paper compares the model to result s of experimental and numerical studies of the longitudinal beam dynamics in SIR.

Pozdeyev,E.; Rodriguez, J.A.; Marti, F.; York, R.C.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

313

Charge breaking bounds in the Zee model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the possibility that charge breaking minima occur in the Zee model. We reach very different conclusions from those attained in simpler, two Higgs doublet models, and the reason for this is traced back to the existence of cubic terms in the potential. A scan of the Zee model's parameter space shows that CB is restricted to a narrow region of values of the parameters.

A. Barroso; P. M. Ferreira

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

314

Airblast environments from buried HE charges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Laboratory experiments were conducted to measure the airblast environment generated by the detonation of buried HE charges. Spherical 0.5-g charges of Nitropenta were used as the HE source. Three ground materials were used: (1) a porous, crushable grout (YTONG, {rho} = 0.4 g/cm{sup 3}); (2) a water-saturated grout ({rho} {approx_equal} 0.7 g/Cm{sup 3}) to investigate the effects of density increase; and (3) a clay-loam material ({rho} {approx_equal} 1.8 g/cm{sup 3}) to simulate some of the previous field tests conducted in clay. Diagnostics consisted of 13 flush-mounted pressure gauges, and single-frame schlieren photography. A special shock isolation system was used to eliminate the acceleration effects on the gauges that were induced by the cratering process. Analysis of the pressure measurements resulted in an experimental definition of the airblast environment as a function of ground range (GR) and depth-of-burst (DOB). Synthesis of these results allowed one to construct airblast DOB curves, similar to the airblast height-of-burst curves that we published previously for Nitropenta charges. Variables analyzed were: peak pressure, arrival time, positive phase duration and impulse. As in field tests, we found that the airblast waveforms changed character with increasing DOB. The crater characteristics (e.a., depth, radius and volume) were also measured. The cube-root-scaled crater volume was in qualitative agreement with data from field tests (e.g., charge weights up to 10{sup 4} lbs.). Since the present scaled results compare well with data from large-scale HE tests, we conclude that the present experimental technique provides a useful tool for parametric investigations of explosion effects in the laboratory.

Reichenbach, H.; Behrens, K. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Kurzzeitdynamik - Ernst-Mach-Institut (EMI), Freiburg im Breisgau (Germany); Kuhl, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., El Segundo, CA (United States)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Charge Prediction of Lipid Fragments in Mass Spectrometry  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An artificial neural network is developed for predicting which fragment is charged and which fragment is neutral for lipid fragment pairs produced from a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry simulation process. This charge predictor is integrated into software developed at PNNL for in silico spectra generation and identification of metabolites known as Met ISIS. To test the effect of including charge prediction in Met ISIS, 46 lipids are used which show a reduction in false positive identifications when the charge predictor is utilized.

Schrom, Brian T.; Kangas, Lars J.; Ginovska, Bojana; Metz, Thomas O.; Miller, John H.

2011-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

316

Field theoretic description of charge regulation interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to find the exact form of the electrostatic interaction between two proteins with dissociable charge groups in aqueous solution, we have studied a model system composed of two macroscopic surfaces with charge dissociation sites immersed in a counterion-only ionic solution. Field-theoretic representation of the grand canonical partition function is derived and evaluated within the mean-field approximation, giving the Poisson-Boltzmann theory with the Ninham-Parsegian boundary condition. Gaussian fluctuations around the mean-field are then analyzed in the lowest order correction that we calculate analytically and exactly, using the path integral representation for the partition function of a harmonic oscillator with time-dependent frequency. The first order (one loop) free energy correction gives the interaction free energy that reduces to the zero-frequency van der Waals form in the appropriate limit but in general gives rise to a mono-polar fluctuation term due to charge fluctuation at the dissociation sites. Our formulation opens up the possibility to investigate the Kirkwood-Shumaker interaction in more general contexts where their original derivation fails.

Natasa Adzic; Rudolf Podgornik

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

Charged spinning black holes as particle accelerators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It has recently been pointed out that the spinning Kerr black hole with maximal spin could act as a particle collider with arbitrarily high center-of-mass energy. In this paper, we will extend the result to the charged spinning black hole, the Kerr-Newman black hole. The center-of-mass energy of collision for two uncharged particles falling freely from rest at infinity depends not only on the spin a but also on the charge Q of the black hole. We find that an unlimited center-of-mass energy can be approached with the conditions: (1) the collision takes place at the horizon of an extremal black hole; (2) one of the colliding particles has critical angular momentum; (3) the spin a of the extremal black hole satisfies (1/{radical}(3)){<=}(a/M){<=}1, where M is the mass of the Kerr-Newman black hole. The third condition implies that to obtain an arbitrarily high energy, the extremal Kerr-Newman black hole must have a large value of spin, which is a significant difference between the Kerr and Kerr-Newman black holes. Furthermore, we also show that, for a near-extremal black hole, there always exists a finite upper bound for center-of-mass energy, which decreases with the increase of the charge Q.

Wei Shaowen; Liu Yuxiao; Guo Heng; Fu Chune [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Critical Nuclear Charges for N-Electron Atoms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Critical Nuclear Charges for N-Electron Atoms ALEXEI V. SERGEEV, SABRE KAIS Department of Chemistry, which is treated as a continuous parameter, approaches its critical value. The critical nuclear charge: critical nuclear charges; N-electron atoms; stability of atomic dianions Introduction he question

Kais, Sabre

319

Abstract adiabatic charge pumping Institut Fourier, Universite de Grenoble 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract adiabatic charge pumping A. Joye, Institut Fourier, Universit´e de Grenoble 1 BP 74, 38402 This paper is devoted to the analysis of an abstract formula describing quantum adiabatic charge pumping with respect to , once integrated over some time interval, gives rise to a charge pumped through the system

Joye, Alain

320

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts #12;Plug-In Electric Vehicle PEV Charging Stations Establishing plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) charging stations requires unique at www.cleancities.energy.gov . Acknowledgement Thanks to the Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Training

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Joachim Skov Johansen Fast-Charging Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Joachim Skov Johansen Fast-Charging Electric Vehicles using AC Master's Thesis, September 2013 #12;#12;Joachim Skov Johansen Fast-Charging Electric Vehicles using AC Master's Thesis, September 2013 #12;#12;Fast-Charging Electric Vehicles using AC This report was prepared by Joachim Skov Johansen Contact

Firestone, Jeremy

322

ECR plasma source for heavy ion beam charge neutralization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plasmas are being considered as a medium for charge neutralizing heavy ion beams in order to focus beyond resonance. Keywords: Plasma focus; RF plasma; Beam charge neutralization 1. INTRODUCTION A possible heavyECR plasma source for heavy ion beam charge neutralization PHILIP C. EFTHIMION,1 ERIK GILSON,1

Gilson, Erik

323

Analysis and Design of Charge Pumps for Telecommunication Applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Analysis and Design of Charge Pumps for Telecommunication Applications V.Kalenteridis, K pump circuit blocks. It presents an overview of charge pump topologies in addition to a coherent favorable charge pump combining current steering techniques with well utilized unity gain buffers in a novel

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

324

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Applied Optics PH454  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices Applied Optics PH454 Spring 2008 Kaliq Mansor #12;Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Devices The Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Device (EMCCD. EMCCD Technology: Electron Multiplication of the CCD image is performed directly on the CCD chip itself

La Rosa, Andres H.

325

Electron Charged Graphite-based Hydrogen Storage Material  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The electron-charge effects have been demonstrated to enhance hydrogen storage capacity using materials which have inherent hydrogen storage capacities. A charge control agent (CCA) or a charge transfer agent (CTA) was applied to the hydrogen storage material to reduce internal discharge between particles in a Sievert volumetric test device. GTI has tested the device under (1) electrostatic charge mode; (2) ultra-capacitor mode; and (3) metal-hydride mode. GTI has also analyzed the charge distribution on storage materials. The charge control agent and charge transfer agent are needed to prevent internal charge leaks so that the hydrogen atoms can stay on the storage material. GTI has analyzed the hydrogen fueling tank structure, which contains an air or liquid heat exchange framework. The cooling structure is needed for hydrogen fueling/releasing. We found that the cooling structure could be used as electron-charged electrodes, which will exhibit a very uniform charge distribution (because the cooling system needs to remove heat uniformly). Therefore, the electron-charge concept does not have any burden of cost and weight for the hydrogen storage tank system. The energy consumption for the electron-charge enhancement method is quite low or omitted for electrostatic mode and ultra-capacitor mode in comparison of other hydrogen storage methods; however, it could be high for the battery mode.

Dr. Chinbay Q. Fan; D Manager

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

326

Influence of Androgen Deprivation Therapy on All-Cause Mortality in Men With High-Risk Prostate Cancer and a History of Congestive Heart Failure or Myocardial Infarction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: It is unknown whether the excess risk of all-cause mortality (ACM) observed when androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is added to radiation for men with prostate cancer and a history of congestive heart failure (CHF) or myocardial infarction (MI) also applies to those with high-risk disease. Methods and Materials: Of 14,594 men with cT1c-T3aN0M0 prostate cancer treated with brachytherapy-based radiation from 1991 through 2006, 1,378 (9.4%) with a history of CHF or MI comprised the study cohort. Of these, 22.6% received supplemental external beam radiation, and 42.9% received a median of 4 months of neoadjuvant ADT. Median age was 71.8 years. Median follow-up was 4.3 years. Cox multivariable analysis tested for an association between ADT use and ACM within risk groups, after adjusting for treatment factors, prognostic factors, and propensity score for ADT. Results: ADT was associated with significantly increased ACM (adjusted hazard ratio [AHR] = 1.76; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.32-2.34; p = 0.0001), with 5-year estimates of 22.71% with ADT and 11.62% without ADT. The impact of ADT on ACM by risk group was as follows: high-risk AHR = 2.57; 95% CI, 1.17-5.67; p = 0.019; intermediate-risk AHR = 1.75; 95% CI, 1.13-2.73; p = 0.012; low-risk AHR = 1.52; 95% CI, 0.96-2.43; p = 0.075). Conclusions: Among patients with a history of CHF or MI treated with brachytherapy-based radiation, ADT was associated with increased all-cause mortality, even for patients with high-risk disease. Although ADT has been shown in Phase III studies to improve overall survival in high-risk disease, the small subgroup of high-risk patients with a history of CHF or MI, who represented about 9% of the patients, may be harmed by ADT.

Nguyen, Paul L., E-mail: pnguyen@LROC.harvard.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Chen, Ming-Hui [Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States); Beckman, Joshua A. [Department of Cardiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Beard, Clair J.; Martin, Neil E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Choueiri, Toni K. [Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States); Hu, Jim C. [Division of Urologic Surgery, Brigham and Women's/Faulkner Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Hoffman, Karen E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Dosoretz, Daniel E. [21st Century Oncology, Fort Myers, FL (United States); Moran, Brian J. [Chicago Prostate Center, Westmont, IL (United States); Salenius, Sharon A. [21st Century Oncology, Fort Myers, FL (United States); Braccioforte, Michelle H. [Chicago Prostate Center, Westmont, IL (United States); Kantoff, Philip W. [Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States); D'Amico, Anthony V. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Ennis, Ronald D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, St. Luke's-Roosevelt and Beth Israel Hospitals, Continuum Cancer Centers of New York, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY (Israel)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

327

Congestion and Its Extent 1 CONGESTION AND ITS EXTENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), that it wastes time and energy, causes pollution and #12;2 Access to Destinations stress, decreases productivity and imposes costs on society equal to 2-3% of our GDP (Cervero, 1998). From a technological perspective 2002 because of extra time lost and fuel consumed, or $829 per person. (Texas Transportation Institute

Bertini, Robert L.

328

Congestion and Its Extent 1 CONGESTION AND ITS EXTENT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and energy, causes pollution and stress, decreases productivity and imposes costs on society equal to 2-3% of our gross domestic product (GDP) (Cervero, 1998). In terms of technology, it was noted lost and fuel consumed, or $829 per person. (Schrank and Lomax, 2004) Some refer to these kinds

Bertini, Robert L.

329

From: Scott Thorsen To: Congestion Study Comments Subject: Congestion Study  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensional Electrical Resistivityconnie0:59Peter Schumann

330

Reactive Blast Waves from Composite Charges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Investigated here is the performance of composite explosives - measured in terms of the blast wave they drive into the surrounding environment. The composite charge configuration studied here was a spherical booster (1/3 charge mass), surrounded by aluminum (Al) powder (2/3 charge mass) at an initial density of {rho}{sub 0} = 0.604 g/cc. The Al powder acts as a fuel but does not detonate - thereby providing an extreme example of a 'non-ideal' explosive (where 2/3 of the charge does not detonate). Detonation of the booster charge creates a blast wave that disperses the Al powder and ignites the ensuing Al-air mixture - thereby forming a two-phase combustion cloud embedded in the explosion. Afterburning of the booster detonation products with air also enhances and promotes the Al-air combustion process. Pressure waves from such reactive blast waves have been measured in bomb calorimeter experiments. Here we describe numerical simulations of those experiments. A Heterogeneous Continuum Model was used to model the dispersion and combustion of the Al particle cloud. It combines the gasdynamic conservation laws for the gas phase with a dilute continuum model for the dispersed phase, as formulated by Nigmatulin. Inter-phase mass, momentum and energy exchange are prescribed by phenomenological models of Khasainov. It incorporates a combustion model based on mass conservation laws for fuel, air and products; source/sink terms are treated in the fast-chemistry limit appropriate for such gasdynamic fields, along with a model for mass transfer from the particle phase to the gas. The model takes into account both the afterburning of the detonation products of the booster with air, and the combustion of the Al particles with air. The model equations were integrated by high-order Godunov schemes for both the gas and particle phases. Adaptive Mesh Refinement (AMR) was used to capture the energy-bearing scales of the turbulent flow on the computational grid, and to track/resolve reaction zones. Numerical simulations of the explosion fields from 1.5-g and 10-kg composite charges were performed. Computed pressure histories (red curve) are compared with measured waveforms (black curves) in Fig. 1. Comparison of these results with a waveform for a non-combustion case in nitrogen (blue curve) demonstrates that a reactive blast wave was formed. Cross-sectional views of the temperature field at various times are presented in Fig. 2, which shows that the flow is turbulent. Initially, combustion occurs at the fuel-air interface, and the energy release rate is controlled by the rate of turbulent mixing. Eventually, oxidizer becomes distributed throughout the cloud via ballistic mixing of the particles with air; energy release then occurs in a distributed combustion mode, and Al particle kinetics controls the energy release rate. Details of the Heterogeneous Continuum Model and results of the numerical simulations of composite charge explosions will be described in the paper.

Kuhl, A L; Bell, J B; Beckner, V E

2009-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

331

Charged black holes in expanding Einstein-de Sitter universes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inspired in a previous work by McClure and Dyer (Classical Quantum Gravity 23, 1971 (2006)), we analyze some solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations which were originally written to describe charged black holes in cosmological backgrounds. A detailed analysis of the electromagnetic sources for a sufficiently general metric is performed, and then we focus on deriving the electromagnetic four-current as well as the conserved electric charge of each metric. The charged McVittie solution is revisited and a brief study of its causal structure is performed, showing that it may represent a charged black hole in an expanding universe, with the black hole horizon being formed at infinite late times. Charged versions of solutions originally put forward by Vaidya (Vd) and Sultana and Dyer (SD) are also analyzed. It is shown that the charged Sultana-Dyer metric requires a global electric current, besides a central (pointlike) electric charge. With the aim of comparing to the charged McVittie metric, new charged solutions of Vd and SD type are considered. In these cases, the original mass and charge parameters are replaced by particular functions of the cosmological time. In the new generalized charged Vaidya metric the black hole horizon never forms, whereas in the new generalized Sultana-Dyer case both the Cauchy and the black hole horizons develop at infinite late times. A charged version of the Thakurta metric is also studied here. It is also a new solution. As in the charged Sultana-Dyer case, the natural source of the electromagnetic field is a central electric charge with an additional global electric current. The global structure is briefly studied and it is verified that the corresponding spacetime may represent a charged black hole in a cosmological background. All the solutions present initial singularities as found in the McVittie metric.

Manuela G. Rodrigues; Vilson T. Zanchin

2015-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

332

EIR Charging Policy The University can charge a fee for the provision of information requested under the Environmental  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

under the Environmental Information (Scotland) Regulations 2004. This policy is the UniversityEIR Charging Policy The University can charge a fee for the provision of information requested policy, the University will process the first £100 free of charge. Above the £100 threshold, fees

Glasgow, University of

333

Surface charge in dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Direct measurements of the dielectric surface potential and its dynamics in asymmetric dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma actuators show that the charge builds up at the dielectric surface and extends far downstream of the plasma. The surface charge persists for a long time (tens of minutes) after the driving voltage has been turned off. For a sinusoidal voltage waveform, the dielectric surface charges positively. With the voltage waveform consisting of nanosecond pulses superimposed on a dc bias, the sign of the dielectric surface charge is the same as the sign (polarity) of the bias voltage. The surface charging significantly affects DBD plasma actuator performance.

Opaits, D. F.; Shneider, M. N.; Miles, Richard B. [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States); Likhanskii, A. V. [Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States); Macheret, S. O. [Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Company, Palmdale, California 93599 (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

Monte Carlo Tools for charged Higgs boson production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this short review we discuss two implementations of the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark in Monte Carlo event generators at next-to-leading order in QCD. We introduce the MC@NLO and the POWHEG method of matching next-to-leading order matrix elements with parton showers and compare both methods analyzing the charged Higgs boson production process in association with a top quark. We shortly discuss the case of a light charged Higgs boson where the associated charged Higgs production interferes with the charged Higgs production via t tbar-production and subsequent decay of the top quark.

K. Kovarik

2014-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

335

Congestion delays at hub airports  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A deterministic model was developed to study the effects of inefficient scheduling on flight delays at hub airports. The model bases the delay calculation on published schedule data and on user-defined airport capacities. ...

St. George, Martin J.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Congestion management in electricity networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

 comparison of market designs    Another strand of literature compares different pricing strategies for real markets; often the  system  in  place  with  an  optimal  electricity  dispatch  based  on  LMP.  Bernard  and  Guertin  (2002)  simulate  a  three?node  model  of  Hydro...  possibilities are negligible  in most electric power networks, so demand and supply  must be instantly balanced. The consequence is that transmission constraints and how they  are managed often have a large influence on market prices. The European Union’s regulation  1228...

Holmberg, Pärr; Lazarczyk, Ewa

2012-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

337

Integrated exhaust gas recirculation and charge cooling system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An intake system for an internal combustion engine comprises an exhaust driven turbocharger configured to deliver compressed intake charge, comprising exhaust gas from the exhaust system and ambient air, through an intake charge conduit and to cylinders of the internal combustion engine. An intake charge cooler is in fluid communication with the intake charge conduit. A cooling system, independent of the cooling system for the internal combustion engine, is in fluid communication with the intake charge cooler through a cooling system conduit. A coolant pump delivers a low temperature cooling medium from the cooling system to and through the intake charge cooler for the transfer of heat from the compressed intake charge thereto. A low temperature cooler receives the heated cooling medium through the cooling system conduit for the transfer or heat therefrom.

Wu, Ko-Jen

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

338

ChargePoint America | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Day withCharacterizationDiesel RetrofitChargePoint

339

Workplace Charging Challenge: Partners | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf TheViolations |Join the Challenge Workplace Charging

340

Fast Charging Electric Vehicle Research & Development Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research and development project supported the engineering, design and implementation of onroad Electric Vehicle (“EV”) charging technologies. It included development of potential solutions for DC fast chargers (“DCFC”) capable of converting high voltage AC power to the DC power required by EVs. Additional development evaluated solutions related to the packaging of power electronic components and enclosure design, as well as for the design and evaluation of EV charging stations. Research compared different charging technologies to identify optimum applications in a municipal fleet. This project collected EV usage data and generated a report demonstrating that EVs, when supported by adequate charging infrastructure, are capable of replacing traditional internal combustion vehicles in many municipal applications. The project’s period of performance has demonstrated various methods of incorporating EVs into a municipal environment, and has identified three general categories for EV applications: ? Short Commute: Defined as EVs performing in limited duration, routine commutes. ? Long Commute: Defined as tasks that require EVs to operate in longer daily mileage patterns. ? Critical Needs: Defined as the need for EVs to be ready at every moment for indefinite periods. Together, the City of Charlottesville, VA (the “City”) and Aker Wade Power Technologies, LLC (“Aker Wade”) concluded that the EV has a viable position in many municipal fleets but with limited recommendation for use in Critical Needs applications such as Police fleets. The report also documented that, compared to internal combustion vehicles, BEVs have lower vehiclerelated greenhouse gas (“GHG”) emissions and contribute to a reduction of air pollution in urban areas. The enhanced integration of EVs in a municipal fleet can result in reduced demand for imported oil and reduced municipal operating costs. The conclusions indicated in the project’s Engineering Report (see Attachment A) are intended to assist future implementation of electric vehicle technology. They are based on the cited research and on the empirical data collected and presented. The report is not expected to represent the entire operating conditions of any of the equipment under consideration within this project, and tested equipment may operate differently under other conditions.

Heny, Michael

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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341

10Charge Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place:ReferenceEditWisconsin:YBR SolarZe-geniotOpen Energy266810Charge

342

AVTA Voltec AC Level 1 and Level 2 Charging Systems Testing Results...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Eaton AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results...

343

Effects of global charge conservation on time evolution of cumulants of conserved charges in relativistic heavy ion collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the effect of the global charge conservation on the cumulants of conserved charges observed in relativistic heavy ion collisions in a finite rapidity window, $\\Delta\\eta$, with a special emphasis on the time evolution of fluctuations in the hadronic medium. It is argued that the experimental result of the net-electric charge fluctuation observed by ALICE does not receive effects from the global charge conservation, because of the finite diffusion distance of charged particles in the hadronic stage. We emphasize that the magnitude of the effect of the global charge conservation can be estimated experimentally by combining the information on the $\\Delta\\eta$ dependences of various cumulants of conserved charges, similarly to other dynamical properties of the hot medium.

Miki Sakaida; Masayuki Asakawa; Masakiyo Kitazawa

2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

344

Diffuse-Charge Dynamics in Electrochemical Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The response of a model micro-electrochemical system to a time-dependent applied voltage is analyzed. The article begins with a fresh historical review including electrochemistry, colloidal science, and microfluidics. The model problem consists of a symmetric binary electrolyte between parallel-plate, blocking electrodes which suddenly apply a voltage. Compact Stern layers on the electrodes are also taken into account. The Nernst-Planck-Poisson equations are first linearized and solved by Laplace transforms for small voltages, and numerical solutions are obtained for large voltages. The ``weakly nonlinear'' limit of thin double layers is then analyzed by matched asymptotic expansions in the small parameter $\\epsilon = \\lambda_D/L$, where $\\lambda_D$ is the screening length and $L$ the electrode separation. At leading order, the system initially behaves like an RC circuit with a response time of $\\lambda_D L / D$ (not $\\lambda_D^2/D$), where $D$ is the ionic diffusivity, but nonlinearity violates this common picture and introduce multiple time scales. The charging process slows down, and neutral-salt adsorption by the diffuse part of the double layer couples to bulk diffusion at the time scale, $L^2/D$. In the ``strongly nonlinear'' regime (controlled by a dimensionless parameter resembling the Dukhin number), this effect produces bulk concentration gradients, and, at very large voltages, transient space charge. The article concludes with an overview of more general situations involving surface conduction, multi-component electrolytes, and Faradaic processes.

Martin Z. Bazant; Katsuyo Thornton; Armand Ajdari

2004-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

345

Nanoscale Charge Transport in Excitonic Solar Cells  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Excitonic solar cells, including all-organic, hybrid organic-inorganic and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), offer strong potential for inexpensive and large-area solar energy conversion. Unlike traditional inorganic semiconductor solar cells, where all the charge generation and collection processes are well understood, these excitonic solar cells contain extremely disordered structures with complex interfaces which results in large variations in nanoscale electronic properties and has a strong influence on carrier generation, transport, dissociation and collection. Detailed understanding of these processes is important for fabrication of highly efficient solar cells. Efforts to improve efficiency are underway at a large number of research groups throughout the world focused on inorganic and organic semiconductors, photonics, photophysics, charge transport, nanoscience, ultrafast spectroscopy, photonics, semiconductor processing, device physics, device structures, interface structure etc. Rapid progress in this multidisciplinary area requires strong synergetic efforts among researchers from diverse backgrounds. Such effort can lead to novel methods for development of new materials with improved photon harvesting and interfacial treatments for improved carrier transport, process optimization to yield ordered nanoscale morphologies with well defined electronic structures.

Venkat Bommisetty, South Dakota State University

2011-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

346

Nucleon tensor charges and electric dipole moments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A symmetry-preserving Dyson-Schwinger equation treatment of a vector-vector contact interaction is used to compute dressed-quark-core contributions to the nucleon $\\sigma$-term and tensor charges. The latter enable one to directly determine the effect of dressed-quark electric dipole moments (EDMs) on neutron and proton EDMs. The presence of strong scalar and axial-vector diquark correlations within ground-state baryons is a prediction of this approach. These correlations are active participants in all scattering events and thereby modify the contribution of the singly-represented valence-quark relative to that of the doubly-represented quark. Regarding the proton $\\sigma$-term and that part of the proton mass which owes to explicit chiral symmetry breaking, with a realistic $d$-$u$ mass splitting the singly-represented $d$-quark contributes 37% more than the doubly-represented $u$-quark; and in connection with the proton's tensor charges, $\\delta_T u$, $\\delta_T d$, the ratio $\\delta_T d/\\delta_T u$ is 18% larger than anticipated from simple quark models. Of particular note, the size of $\\delta_T u$ is a sensitive measure of the strength of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking; and $\\delta_T d$ measures the amount of axial-vector diquark correlation within the proton, vanishing if such correlations are absent.

Mario Pitschmann; Chien-Yeah Seng; Craig D. Roberts; Sebastian M. Schmidt

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

347

Facilities OperationsFacilities Operations Service Fee/Charge GuidelinesService Fee/Charge Guidelines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and all regional campuses ·· Repairs and preventive maintenance for buildingsRepairs and preventive charge) minor, corrective, preventive and statutory maintenance and related services for "academic. · Preventive Maintenance (PM) is maintenance which is carried out to prevent an item failing or wearing out

Holsinger, Kent

348

Title of Document: STUDY OF LONGITUDINAL SPACE CHARGE WAVES IN SPACE-CHARGE DOMINATED BEAMS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BEAMS Jayakar Charles Tobin Thangaraj, Doctor of Philosophy, 2009 Directed By: Prof. Patrick O'Shea Prof current electron beam with very low emittance and energy spread. Any density fluctuation in an intense beam can launch space charge waves that lead to energy modulation. The energy modulations may cause

Anlage, Steven

349

Dynamics and thermodynamics of decay in charged clusters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a method for quantifying charge-driven instabilities in clusters, based on equilibrium simulations under confinement at constant external pressure. This approach makes no assumptions about the mode of decay and allows different clusters to be compared on an equal footing. A comprehensive survey of stability in model clusters of 309 Lennard-Jones particles augmented with Coulomb interactions is presented. We proceed to examine dynamic signatures of instability, finding that rate constants for ejection of charged particles increase smoothly as a function of total charge with no sudden changes. For clusters where many particles carry charge, ejection of individual charges competes with a fission process that leads to more symmetric division of the cluster into large fragments. The rate constants for fission depend much more sensitively on total charge than those for ejection of individual particles.

Miller, Mark A; Moerland, Christian P; Gray, Sarah J; Gaigeot, Marie-Pierre

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Lipid membrane instability and poration driven by capacitive charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A new model for the interaction of an electric pulse with a lipid membrane is proposed. Using this model we show that when a DC electric pulse is applied to an insulating lipid membrane separating fluids with different conductivities, the capacitive charging current through the membrane drives electrohydrodynamic flow that destabilizes the membrane. The instability is transient and decays as the membrane charges. The bulk conductivity mismatch plays an essential role in this instability because it results in a different rate of charge accumulation on the membrane's physical surfaces. Shearing stresses created by the electric field acting on its own induced free charge are non-zero as long as the charge imbalance exists. Accordingly, the most unstable mode is related to the ratio of membrane charging time and the electrohydrodynamic time.

Jonathan T. Schwalbe; Petia M. Vlahovska; Michael J. Miksis

2010-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

351

Emissions-critical charge cooling using an organic rankine cycle  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosure provides a system including a Rankine power cycle cooling subsystem providing emissions-critical charge cooling of an input charge flow. The system includes a boiler fluidly coupled to the input charge flow, an energy conversion device fluidly coupled to the boiler, a condenser fluidly coupled to the energy conversion device, a pump fluidly coupled to the condenser and the boiler, an adjuster that adjusts at least one parameter of the Rankine power cycle subsystem to change a temperature of the input charge exiting the boiler, and a sensor adapted to sense a temperature characteristic of the vaporized input charge. The system includes a controller that can determine a target temperature of the input charge sufficient to meet or exceed predetermined target emissions and cause the adjuster to adjust at least one parameter of the Rankine power cycle to achieve the predetermined target emissions.

Ernst, Timothy C.; Nelson, Christopher R.

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Net-charge fluctuations and balance functions at the LHC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The measurement of event-by-event fluctuations and charge-dependent particle correlations are used to study properties of nuclear matter at high temperatures as produced in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. We present results for event-by-event net-charge fluctuations and charge balance functions in \\Delta\\eta\\ and \\Delta\\phi\\ in Pb-Pb collisions at sqrt(s_NN)= 2.76 TeV.

Michael Weber; for the ALICE collaboration

2012-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

353

Decay of charged fields in de Sitter spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the decay of charged scalar and spinor fields around Reissner-Nordstrom black holes in de Sitter spacetime through calculations of quasinormal frequencies of the fields. The influence of the parameters of the black hole (charge, mass), of the decaying fields (charge, spin), and of the spacetime (cosmological constant) on the decay is analyzed. The analytic formula for calculation quasinormal frequencies for a large multipole number (eikonal approximation) is derived both for the spinor and scalar fieldss.

A. A. Smirnov

2005-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

354

Complementarity problems for electro-neutral charged bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions to the complementarity problem constructed in [1], generally, possess non-zero total charge. In natural sciences, bodies possessing non-zero total charge (ions and similar object) are considered as specific objects. Bodies possessing zero total charge (electro-neutral bodies) are considered as general case objects. This paper presents a solution to the complementarity problem for electro-neutral bodies. The solution is constructed under the condition that the volumes of the bodies are small.

A. A. Kolpakov; A. G. Kolpakov

2012-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

355

Particles and scalar waves in noncommutative charged black hole spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have discussed geodesics and the motion of test particle in the gravitational field of noncommutative charged black hole spacetime. The motion of massive and massless particle have been discussed seperately. A comparative study of noncommutative charged black hole and usual Reissner-Nordstrom black hole has been done. The study of effective potential has also been included. Finally, we have examined the scattering of scalar waves in noncommutative charged black hole spacetime.

Bhar, Piyali; Biswas, Ritabrata; Mondal, U F

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

A particle accelerator employing transient space charge potentials  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention provides an accelerator for ions and charged particles. The plasma is generated and confined in a magnetic mirror field. The electrons of the plasma are heated to high temperatures. A series of local coils are placed along the axis of the magnetic mirror field. As an ion or particle beam is directed along the axis in sequence the coils are rapidly pulsed creating a space charge to accelerate and focus the beam of ions or charged particles. 3 figs.

Post, R.F.

1988-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

357

System and method for cooling a combustion gas charge  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to a system and method for cooling a combustion gas charge prior. The combustion gas charge may include compressed intake air, exhaust gas, or a mixture thereof. An evaporator is provided that may then receive a relatively high temperature combustion gas charge and discharge at a relatively lower temperature. The evaporator may be configured to operate with refrigeration cycle components and/or to receive a fluid below atmospheric pressure as the phase-change cooling medium.

Massey, Mary Cecelia; Boberg, Thomas Earl

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

358

Analysis of wind power for battery charging  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One type of wind-powered battery charging will be explored in this paper. It consists of a wind turbine driving a permanent magnet alternator and operates at variable speed. The alternator is connected to a battery bank via a rectifier. The characteristic of the system depends on the wind turbine, the alternator, and the system configuration. If the electrical load does not match the wind turbine, the performance of the system will be degraded. By matching the electrical load to the wind turbine, the system can be improved significantly. This paper analyzes the properties of the system components. The effects of parameter variation and the system configuration on the system performance are investigated. Two basic methods of shaping the torque-speed characteristic of the generator are presented. The uncompensated as well as the compensated systems will be discussed. Control strategies to improve the system performance will be explored. Finally, a summary of the paper will be presented in the last section.

Muljadi, E.; Drouilhet, S.; Holz, R. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Gevorgian, V. [University of Armenia, Yerevan (Armenia). State Engineering

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Space charge emission in cylindrical diode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, a mathematical model to describe cylindrical electron current emissions through a physics approximation method is presented. The proposed mathematical approximation consists of analyzing and solving the nonlinear Poisson's equation, with some determined mathematical restrictions. Our findings tackle the problem when charge-space creates potential barrier that disable the steady-state of the beam propagation. In this problem, the potential barrier effects of electron's speed with zero velocity emitted through the virtual cathode happens. The interaction between particles and the virtual cathode have been to find the inter-atomic potentials as boundary conditions from a quantum mechanics perspective. Furthermore, a non-stationary spatial solution of the electrical potential between anode and cathode is presented. The proposed solution is a 2D differential equation that was linearized from the generalized Poisson equation. A single condition was used solely, throughout the radial boundary conditions of the current density formation.

Torres-Córdoba, Rafael; Martínez-García, Edgar [Universidad Autónoma de Cd. Juárez-IIT, Cd. Juárez, Chihuahua, México (Mexico)] [Universidad Autónoma de Cd. Juárez-IIT, Cd. Juárez, Chihuahua, México (Mexico)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

360

Accelerating classical charges and the equivalence principle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We compare the behavior of a charged particle in a gravitational field and empty space. We resolve the apparent conflict between the Lorentz-Dirac equation and Larmor's formula of radiation by noting that the former describes an electron that is itself accelerated by an electromagnetic field. If instead, a hypothetical particle is considered that is accelerated by a non-electromagnetic force, Larmor's formula is found to be consistent with the accelerating particle's equation of motion. We consider the consequences concerning the equivalence principle and find that it is indeed violated if one demands that the same electromagnetic field be present in both the gravitational and accelerating cases; however, if one allows for the external electromagnetic fields to be different, the validity of the equivalence principle is restored. In either case, the basic idea behind the equivalence principle, which leads to a geometrized theory of gravity, remains unaffected.

Viktor T. Toth

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Charge exchange recombination spectroscopy on fusion devices  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

For fusion, obtaining reliable measurements of basic plasma parameters like ion and electron densities and temperatures is a primary goal. For theory, measurements are needed as a function of time and space to understand plasma transport and confinement with the ultimate goal of achieving economic nuclear fusion power. Electron profile measurements and plasma spectroscopy for the plasma ions are introduced. With the advent of Neutral Beam auxiliary plasma heating, Charge Exchange Recombination Spectroscopy provides accurate and time resolved measurements of the ions in large volume fusion devices. In acknowledgement of Nicol Peacock's role in the development of these techniques, still at the forefront of plasma fusion research, this paper describes the evolution of this diagnostic method.

Duval, B. P. [Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

2012-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

362

Implementing Shor's algorithm on Josephson charge qubits  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the physical implementation of Shor's factorization algorithm on a Josephson charge qubit register. While we pursue a universal method to factor a composite integer of any size, the scheme is demonstrated for the number 21. We consider both the physical and algorithmic requirements for an optimal implementation when only a small number of qubits are available. These aspects of quantum computation are usually the topics of separate research communities; we present a unifying discussion of both of these fundamental features bridging Shor's algorithm to its physical realization using Josephson junction qubits. In order to meet the stringent requirements set by a short decoherence time, we accelerate the algorithm by decomposing the quantum circuit into tailored two- and three-qubit gates and we find their physical realizations through numerical optimization.

Vartiainen, Juha J.; Salomaa, Martti M. [Materials Physics Laboratory, POB 2200 (Technical Physics), Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT (Finland); Niskanen, Antti O. [VTT Information Technology, Microsensing, POB 1207, 02044 VTT (Finland); Nakahara, Mikio [Materials Physics Laboratory, POB 2200 (Technical Physics), Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT (Finland); Department of Physics, Kinki University, Higashi-Osaka 577-8502 (Japan)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the...

364

Workplace Charging Challenge: Press Release template for Clean Cities coordinators  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An editable press release that Clean Cities coordinators can use to announce local Partners' participation in the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge

365

Workplace Charging Challenge: Press Release template for Ambassadors  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

An editable press release that Ambassador organizations can use to announce their and local Partners' participation in the EV Everywhere Workplace Charging Challenge

366

Electric Vehicle Charging Stations, Coming Soon to a City Near...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to be available throughout the Orlando area next year. File photo Orlando Plugs into Electric Vehicle Charging Stations Assistant Secretary Patricia Hoffman test drives the...

367

accelerated charge carriers: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

of a charge carrier transfer under an action of a constant electric field in a complex medium. Generalizing previous theoretical approaches, we model the dynamical environment...

368

Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged Polyoxovanadate...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

oxide clusters for subsequent investigations of structure and reactivity. Citation: Al Hasan NM, GE Johnson, and J Laskin.2013."Gas-Phase Synthesis of Singly and Multiply Charged...

369

Workplace Charging Challenge Partner: Fraunhofer Center for Sustainabl...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

work and at home. By installing electric vehicle charging stations at their Albuquerque solar test laboratory, employees who now drive longer distances to work can consider the use...

370

An artificial neural network application on nuclear charge radii  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The artificial neural networks (ANNs) have emerged with successful applications in nuclear physics as well as in many fields of science in recent years. In this paper, by using (ANNs), we have constructed a formula for the nuclear charge radii. Statistical modeling of nuclear charge radii by using ANNs has been seen as to be successful. Also, the charge radii, binding energies and two-neutron separation energies of Sn isotopes have been calculated by implementing of the new formula in Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) calculations. The results of the study shows that the new formula is useful for describing nuclear charge radii.

S. Akkoyun; T. Bayram; S. O. Kara; A. Sinan

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

371

Non-contact Nondestructive Probing of Charge Carrier Conductivity...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

transport processes at interfaces is one of the most important subjects in organic electronics. Charge carriers are injected or extracted through metalsemiconductor...

372

Thirteen Major Companies Join Energy Department's Workplace Charging...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

availability of workplace charging, increasing the convenience of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) and providing drivers with more options. "The market for electric vehicles is...

373

Microgrid V2G Charging Station Interconnection Testing (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This presentation by Mike Simpson of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) describes NREL's microgrid vehicle-to-grid charging station interconnection testing.

Simpson, M.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Geodesics and Geodesic Deviation in static Charged Black Holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The radial motion along null geodesics in static charged black hole space-times, in particular, the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om and stringy charged black holes are studied. We analyzed the properties of the effective potential. The circular photon orbits in these space-times are investigated. We found that the radius of circular photon orbits in both charged black holes are different and differ from that given in Schwarzschild space-time. We studied the physical effects of the gravitational field between two test particles in stringy charged black hole and compared the results with that given in Schwarzschild and Reissner-Nordstr\\"om black holes.

Ragab M. Gad

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

375

Top quark charge asymmetry measurements with ATLAS detector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The top quark charge asymmetry measurements performed with ATLAS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV are presented.

U. De Sanctis; for the ATLAS Collaboration

2014-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

376

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Max electricity demand across all days Min electricity demand across all days Electricity demand on single calendar day with highest peak Charging Unit Usage Residential Level 2...

377

EV Project Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Summary Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

period: January 2011 through March 2011 Number of EV Project vehicles in region: 35 Private Publicly Publicly Residential Nonresidential Available Available Charging Unit...

378

Control of charge migration in molecules by ultrashort laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to electronic many-body effects, the ionization of a molecule can trigger ultrafast electron dynamics appearing as a migration of the created hole charge throughout the system. Here we propose a scheme for control of the charge migration dynamics with a single ultrashort laser pulse. We demonstrate by fully ab initio calculations on a molecule containing a chromophore and an amine moieties that simple pulses can be used for stopping the charge-migration oscillations and localizing the charge on the desired site of the system. We argue that this control may be used to predetermine the follow-up nuclear rearrangement and thus the molecular reactivity.

Nikolay V. Golubev; Alexander I. Kuleff

2015-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

379

Control of charge migration in molecules by ultrashort laser pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Due to electronic many-body effects, the ionization of a molecule can trigger ultrafast electron dynamics appearing as a migration of the created hole charge throughout the system. Here we propose a scheme for control of the charge migration dynamics with a single ultrashort laser pulse. We demonstrate by fully ab initio calculations on a molecule containing a chromophore and an amine moieties that simple pulses can be used for stopping the charge-migration oscillations and localizing the charge on the desired site of the system. We argue that this control may be used to predetermine the follow-up nuclear rearrangement and thus the molecular reactivity.

Golubev, Nikolay V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Long Plasma Source for Heavy Ion Beam Charge Neutralization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

neutralizing plasma column the heavy ion beam can focus to aPlasmas are a source of unbound electrons for charge neutralizing intense heavy ion beams to focus

Efthimion, P.C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

adiabatic dust charge: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a transition between states. The first result Petta, Jason 12 Charging and Growth of Fractal Dust Grains CERN Preprints Summary: The structure and evolution of aggregate grains...

382

Influence of the Charge State on the Structures and Interactions...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Antibiotics with Cell-Wall Analogue Peptides: Influence of the Charge State on the Structures and Interactions of Vancomycin Antibiotics with Cell-Wall Analogue Peptides:...

383

Now Available: Evaluating Electric Vehicle Charging Impacts and...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

changes that will be needed to handle large vehicle charging loads. Under OE's Smart Grid Investment Grant (SGIG) program, six utilities evaluated operations and...

384

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Salvador M. Aceves, Daniel L. Flowers, J. Ray Smith, Lee Davisson, Francisco Espinosa-Loza, Tim Ross,...

385

Global geometry of space-time with the charged shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is elaborated the complete classification of the possible types of the spherically symmetric global geometries for two types of electrically charged shells: (1) The charged shell as a single source of the gravitational field, when internal space-time is flat, and external space-time is the Reissner--Nordstr\\"om metric; (2) The neutralizing shell with an electric charge opposite to the charge of the internal source with the Reissner--Nordstr\\"om metric and with the Schwarzschild metric outside the shell.

V. A. Berezin; V. I. Dokuchaev

2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

386

Graphene Produces More Efficient Charge Transport Inside an Organic  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Graphene Produces More Efficient Charge Transport Inside an Organic Semiconductor Graphene, a two dimensional semi-metal made of sp 2 hybridized carbon, is an outstanding material...

387

Graphene Produces More Efficient Charge Transport Inside an Organic...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Graphene Produces More Efficient Charge Transport Inside an Organic Semiconductor Friday, January 30, 2015 Graphene, a two dimensional semi-metal made of sp2 hybridized carbon, is...

388

All spherically symmetric charged anisotropic solutions for compact star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper we develop an algorithm for all spherically symmetric anisotropic charged fluid distribution. Considering a new source function $\

Maurya, S K; Ray, Saibal

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

All spherically symmetric charged anisotropic solutions for compact star  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper we develop an algorithm for all spherically symmetric anisotropic charged fluid distribution. Considering a new source function $\

S. K. Maurya; Y. K. Gupta; Saibal Ray

2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

390

Residential Blink Charging Units Reporting Data in The EV Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Residential Blink Charging Units Reporting Data in The EV Project Project to Date through December 2012 Chicago 88 Atlanta 118 Philadelphia 37 Washington State 934 Oregon 632 San...

391

Permit for Charging Equipment Installation: Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Jurisdiction's can use this template to develop a standard permit for residential charging stations that allows for quick, safe installation of EVSE.

392

Variable Charge Soils: Their Mineralogy, Chemistry and Management  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, the mineralogy, chemistry and management of variable charge soils that are spread throughout the world are treated in details.

Qafoku, Nik; Van Ranst, Eric; Noble, Andrew; Baert, Geert

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

AVTA: EVSE Testing- NYSERDA Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Reports  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

These reports describe the charging patterns of drivers participating in the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority's (NYSERDA) electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure project.

394

Design of Photovoltaics e-bikes charging station:.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??It is a project about designing a photovoltaics charging station for electrical bikes and scooters, which can facilitate electrical bike user and promote sustainable way… (more)

Zhao, Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

A Research Into a New Method of Refrigeration Charging and the Effects of Improper Charging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OF outdoor 08, 80°F DB167"F WB indoor) is generally acceptable depending upon the manufacturer's design specifications. TJess than this could result in a refrigerant floodback situation. More than this can cause premature com- pressor motor... best be defined as either a refrigerant overcharge or undercharge when compared with the manufacturer's charging specifications, at standard ARI rating conditions. Either condition will have a detrimental effect on the system, both in terms...

Houcek, J.; Thedford, M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Workplace Charging Case Study: Charging Station Utilization at a Work Site with AC Level 1, AC Level 2, and DC Fast Charging Units  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the use of electric vehicle charging stations installed at a large corporate office complex. It will be published to the INL website for viewing by the general public.

John Smart; Don Scoffield

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-efficiency as variables relating to price and profitability. The retail electricity market is a case in point, as highMergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges N° 2006-08 Mai 2006 Evens SALIES OFCE hal-00972962,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

398

Head-Tail Modes for Strong Space Charge  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Head-tail modes are described here for the space charge tune shift significantly exceeding the synchrotron tune. General equation for the modes is derived. Spatial shapes of the modes, their frequencies, and coherent growth rates are explored. The Landau damping rates are also found. Suppression of the transverse mode coupling instability by the space charge is explained.

Burov, Alexey

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

FROM MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS TO A CHARGE STATISTIC BEYOND TYPE A  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FROM MACDONALD POLYNOMIALS TO A CHARGE STATISTIC BEYOND TYPE A CRISTIAN LENART Abstract. The charge Lie types, based on the recent Ram-Yip formula for Macdonald polynomials and the quantum Bruhat order, and in type C we obtain a new statistic. This method is based on the theory of Macdonald polynomials and

Lenart, Cristian

400

Charge pumping techniques in ultra-low current transconductor design  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

generated by the interface-trap charge pump. An interface-trap charge-pump has been used as an ultra low current source for biasing an operational transconductance amplifier in both single-ended and fully differential configurations. Source degeneration...

Becker-Gomez, Adriana

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Charges for Technology Fall 2014 / Spring 2015 / Summer 2015  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charges for Technology Fall 2014 / Spring 2015 / Summer 2015 Part Full Part Full Agricultural/A N/A No Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences 7.50 90.00 N/A N/A No Charges for Technology are assessed to students based on their declared major/program to support college technology needs for students

402

Charge Trapping in Carbon Nanotube Loops Demonstrated by Electrostatic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Charge Trapping in Carbon Nanotube Loops Demonstrated by Electrostatic Force Microscopy Thomas Sand ABSTRACT Electronic devices made from carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can be greatly affected by substrate charges nanotube loops for extended periods of time, showing that nanotubes can act as confining barriers

Nygård, Jesper

403

Determination of Dusty Particle Charge Taking into Account Ion Drag  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This work is devoted to the experimental estimation of charge of dust particle that levitates in the stratum of dc glow discharge. Particle charge is determined on the basis of the balance between ion drag force, gravitational and electric forces. Electric force is obtained from the axial distribution of the light intensity of strata.

Ramazanov, T. S.; Dosbolayev, M. K.; Jumabekov, A. N.; Amangaliyeva, R. Zh.; Orazbayev, S. A. [al-Farabi Kazakh National University, IETP, 96a Tole Bi St., Almaty 050012 (Kazakhstan); Petrov, O. F.; Antipov, S. N. [Joint Institute for High Temperatures of RAS, 13/19 Izhorskaya, Moscow 125412 (Russian Federation)

2008-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

404

Conserved Charges and Thermodynamics of the Spinning Goedel Black Hole  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We compute the mass, angular momenta, and charge of the Goedel-type rotating black hole solution to five-dimensional minimal supergravity. A generalized Smarr formula is derived, and the first law of thermodynamics is verified. The computation rests on a new approach to conserved charges in gauge theories that allows for their computation at finite radius.

Barnich, Glenn; Compere, Geoffrey [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

Characterized ideal LC circuit Charge, current and voltage vary sinusoidally  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

resistance to LC circuit Oscillations become damped Charge, current and voltage still vary sinusoidally Oscillations Draw phasors for voltages of R, C and L at same time t Orient VR, VL, & VC phasors relativeReview Characterized ideal LC circuit Charge, current and voltage vary sinusoidally Added

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

406

Charge Density Effects in Salt-Free Polyelectrolyte Solution Rheology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of 2-vinyl pyridine and N-methyl-2-vinyl pyridinium chloride random copolymers in ethylene glycol of 2-vinyl pyridine and N- methyl-2-vinyl pyridinium chloride (PMVP-Cl) of any charge density was studied over wide ranges of con- centration and effective charge. The fraction of quaternized monomers

Colby, Ralph H.

407

Problems with Accurate Atomic Lfetime Measurements of Multiply Charged Ions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A number of recent atomic lifetime measurements on multiply charged ions have reported uncertainties lower than 1%. Such a level of accuracy challenges theory, which is a good thing. However, a few lessons learned from earlier precision lifetime measurements on atoms and singly charged ions suggest to remain cautious about the systematic errors of experimental techniques.

Trabert, E

2009-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

408

Competitive Charging Station Pricing for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. To overcome this challenge, we develop a low-complexity algorithm that efficiently computes the pricingCompetitive Charging Station Pricing for Plug-in Electric Vehicles Wei Yuan, Member, IEEE, Jianwei considers the problem of charging station pricing and station selection of plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs

Huang, Jianwei

409

Vacuum polarization induced by a uniformly accelerated charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a point charge fixed in the Rindler coordinates which describe a uniformly accelerated frame. We determine an integral expression of the induced charge density due to the vacuum polarization at the first order in the fine structure constant. In the case where the acceleration is weak, we give explicitly the induced electrostatic potential.

B. Linet

1995-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

410

Self-similar and charged spheres in the diffusion approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study spherical, charged and self--similar distributions of matter in the diffusion approximation. We propose a simple, dynamic but physically meaningful solution. For such a solution we obtain a model in which the distribution becomes static and changes to dust. The collapse is halted with damped mass oscillations about the absolute value of the total charge.

Barreto, W

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Charging-Scheduling Problem for Electric Vehicle Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Design, Singapore University of New Mexico, USA {zhumingpassional, yanglet, linghe.kong, rmshen, shu, mwu}@sjtu.edu.cn Abstract--Electric vehicle (EV) is a promising transportation with plenty of advantages, e.g., low carbon emission, high energy efficiency. However, it requires frequent and long time charging. In public charging

412

adenylylate energy charge: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

adenylylate energy charge First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 The Energy of Charged Matter...

413

Charge Density of Divalent Metal Cations Determines RNA Stability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determined by a combination of counterion charge and the packing efficiency of condensed cations that depends RNAs that have regions of high negative potential interact even more strongly with counterions than of the phosphate charge arises from nonspecific condensation of counterions.4,10 The ionic radius of a metal cation

Thirumalai, Devarajan

414

Determination of time zero from a charged particle detector  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method, system and computer program is used to determine a linear track having a good fit to a most likely or expected path of charged particle passing through a charged particle detector having a plurality of drift cells. Hit signals from the charged particle detector are associated with a particular charged particle track. An initial estimate of time zero is made from these hit signals and linear tracks are then fit to drift radii for each particular time-zero estimate. The linear track having the best fit is then searched and selected and errors in fit and tracking parameters computed. The use of large and expensive fast detectors needed to time zero in the charged particle detectors can be avoided by adopting this method and system.

Green, Jesse Andrew (Los Alamos, NM)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Visualization of Charge Distribution in a Lithium Battery Electrode  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe a method for direct determination and visualization of the distribution of charge in a composite electrode. Using synchrotron X-ray microdiffraction, state-of-charge profiles in-plane and normal to the current collector were measured. In electrodes charged at high rate, the signatures of nonuniform current distribution were evident. The portion of a prismatic cell electrode closest to the current collector tab had the highest state of charge due to electronic resistance in the composite electrode and supporting foil. In a coin cell electrode, the active material at the electrode surface was more fully charged than that close to the current collector because the limiting factor in this case is ion conduction in the electrolyte contained within the porous electrode.

Liu, Jun; Kunz, Martin; Chen, Kai; Tamura, Nobumichi; Richardson, Thomas J.

2010-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

416

New charged shear-free relativistic models with heat flux  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study shear-free spherically symmetric relativistic gravitating fluids with heat flow and electric charge. The solution to the Einstein-Maxwell system is governed by the generalised pressure isotropy condition which contains a contribution from the electric field. This condition is a highly nonlinear partial differential equation. We analyse this master equation using Lie's group theoretic approach. The Lie symmetry generators that leave the equation invariant are found. The first generator is independent of the electromagnetic field. The second generator depends critically on the form of the charge, which is determined explicitly in general. We provide exact solutions to the gravitational potentials using the symmetries admitted by the equation. Our new exact solutions contain earlier results without charge. We show that other charged solutions, related to the Lie symmetries, may be generated using the algorithm of Deng. This leads to new classes of charged Deng models which are generalisations of conformally flat metrics.

Y. Nyonyi; S. D. Maharaj; K. S. Govinder

2014-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

417

The Mixed Phase of Charged AdS Black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the mixed phase of charged AdS black hole and radiation when the total energy is fixed below the threshold to produce a stable charged black hole branch. The coexistence conditions for the charged AdS black hole and radiation are derived for the generic case when radiation particles carry charge. The phase diagram of the mixed phase is demonstrated for both fixed potential and charge ensemble. In the dual gauge picture, they correspond to the mixed phase of quark-gluon plasma~(QGP) and hadron gas in the fixed chemical potential and density ensemble respectively. In the nuclei and heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies, the mixed phase of exotic QGP and hadron gas could be produced. The mixed phase will condensate and evaporate into the hadron gas as the fireball expands.

Piyabut Burikham; Chatchai Promsiri

2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

418

Charge symmetry breaking in $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei revisited  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The large charge symmetry breaking (CSB) implied by the $\\Lambda$ binding energy difference $\\Delta B^{4}_{\\Lambda}(0^+_{\\rm g.s.})\\equiv B_{\\Lambda}(_{\\Lambda}^4$He)$-$$B_{\\Lambda}(_{\\Lambda}^4$H) = 0.35$\\pm$0.06 MeV of the $A=4$ mirror hypernuclei ground states, determined from emulsion studies, has defied theoretical attempts to reproduce it in terms of CSB in hyperon masses and in hyperon-nucleon interactions, including one pion exchange arising from $\\Lambda-\\Sigma^0$ mixing. Using a schematic strong-interaction $\\Lambda N\\leftrightarrow\\Sigma N$ coupling model developed by Akaishi and collaborators for $s$-shell $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei, we revisit the evaluation of CSB in the $A=4$ $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei and extend it to $p$-shell mirror $\\Lambda$ hypernuclei. The model yields values of $\\Delta B^{4}_{\\Lambda} (0^+_{\\rm g.s.})\\sim 0.25$ MeV. Smaller size and mostly negative $p$-shell binding energy differences are calculated for the $A=7-10$ mirror hypernuclei, in rough agreement with the few available dat...

Gal, Avraham

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Charge separation in photoredox reactions. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The structural aspects controlling charge separation in molecular photoionization reactions in organized molecular assemblies involving micelles, reverse micelles and vesicles are being studied by optical and electron magnetic resonance techniques including the time domain technique of deuterium electron spin echo modulation (ESEM) and matrix proton electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) to measure weak electron-nuclear dipolar interactions. ESEM and matrix ENDOR are particularly well adapted to the study of disordered systems as exemplified by micelles and vesicles. The photoionization yields of alkylphenothiazines in micelles and vesicles have been shown to depend on the alkyl chain length and to correlate with relative distances from the surfactant assembly interface measured by deuterium ESEM and matrix proton ENDOR. The photoionization of alkylmethylviologens versus alkyl chain length has also been studied in vesicles, micelles and reverse micelles. Nitroxide spin probes have been used to study the degree of water penetration into mixed ionic/nonionic poly(ethylene oxide) and cationic/anionic micelles by using ESEM methods and selectively deuterated surfactants. The effect of urea interaction at micellar interfaces on the interface hydration has also been evaluated by studying nitroxide probes with ESEM.

Kevan, L.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

Confined energy distribution for charged particle beams  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A charged particle beam is formed to a relatively larger area beam which is well-contained and has a beam area which relatively uniformly deposits energy over a beam target. Linear optics receive an accelerator beam and output a first beam with a first waist defined by a relatively small size in a first dimension normal to a second dimension. Nonlinear optics, such as an octupole magnet, are located about the first waist and output a second beam having a phase-space distribution which folds the beam edges along the second dimension toward the beam core to develop a well-contained beam and a relatively uniform particle intensity across the beam core. The beam may then be expanded along the second dimension to form the uniform ribbon beam at a selected distance from the nonlinear optics. Alternately, the beam may be passed through a second set of nonlinear optics to fold the beam edges in the first dimension. The beam may then be uniformly expanded along the first and second dimensions to form a well-contained, two-dimensional beam for illuminating a two-dimensional target with a relatively uniform energy deposition.

Jason, Andrew J. (Los Alamos, NM); Blind, Barbara (Los Alamos, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Charged particle detectors with active detector surface for partial energy deposition of the charged particles and related methods  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A radiation detector is disclosed. The radiation detector comprises an active detector surface configured to generate charge carriers in response to charged particles associated with incident radiation. The active detector surface is further configured with a sufficient thickness for a partial energy deposition of the charged particles to occur and permit the charged particles to pass through the active detector surface. The radiation detector further comprises a plurality of voltage leads coupled to the active detector surface. The plurality of voltage leads is configured to couple to a voltage source to generate a voltage drop across the active detector surface and to separate the charge carriers into a plurality of electrons and holes for detection. The active detector surface may comprise one or more graphene layers. Timing data between active detector surfaces may be used to determine energy of the incident radiation. Other apparatuses and methods are disclosed herein.

Gerts, David W; Bean, Robert S; Metcalf, Richard R

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

422

Point of zero charge determination in soils and minerals via traditional methods and detection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-specific ion adsorption as a function of pH and I (point of zero net charge), and (3) electroacoustic mobility Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Point of zero charge; Point of zero net charge; Point, or positive, or no charge. The pH where the net total particle charge is zero is called the point of zero

Ma, Lena

423

Charge independence, charge symmetry breaking in the S-wave nucleon-nucleon interaction, and renormalization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the interplay between charge symmetry breaking and renormalization in the NN system for S-waves. We find a set of universality relations which disentangle explicitly the known long distance dynamics from low energy parameters and extend them to the Coulomb case. We analyze within such an approach the One-Boson-Exchange potential and the theoretical conditions which allow to relate the proton-neutron, proton-proton and neutron-neutron scattering observables without the introduction of extra new parameters and providing good phenomenological success.

Alvaro Calle Cordon,Manuel Pavon Valderrama,Enrique Ruiz Arriola

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

AVTA: ChargePoint AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results | Department  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated6-05.pdfATTENDEEES: Ashley Armstrong,of Energy ChargePoint

425

Helium- and Lithium-like ionic sequences: Critical charges  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In non-relativistic quantum mechanics we study the Coulomb systems of infinitely massive center of charge Z and two-three electrons: $(Z,e,e)$ and $(Z,e,e,e)$. It is shown that in both cases the total energy curve in $Z$ is smooth, without any visible irregularities. Thus, for both systems the physical integer charges $Z=1,2,...$ do not play a distinguished role as would be associated with charge quantization. By definition, a critical charge $Z_{cr}$ is a charge which separates a domain of the existence of bound states from a domain of unbound ones (continuum). For both systems the critical charges are found, $Z_{cr,2e}=0.91085$ and $Z_{cr,3e}=2.009$, respectively. Based on numerical analysis, the Puiseux expansion in fractional powers of $(Z-Z_{cr})$ is constructed for both systems. Our results indicate the existence of a square-root branch point singularity at $Z_{cr}$ with exponent 3/2. A connection between the critical charge and the radius of convergence of 1/Z-expansion is briefly discussed.

N. L. Guevara; A. V. Turbiner

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

426

Plasmons in inhomogeneously doped neutral and charged graphene nanodisks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study plasmons in graphene nanodisks including the effect of inhomogeneity in the distribution of the doping charge. Specifically, we discuss the following two configurations: charged disks containing a fixed amount of additional carriers, which are self-consistently distributed along the surface to produce a uniform DC potential; and neutral disks exposed to a neighboring external point charge. A suitable finite-element method is elaborated to compute the charge density associated with the plasmons in the electrostatic limit. For charged disks, we find dipolar plasmons similar to those of uniformly doped graphene structures, in which the plasmon induced charge piles up near the edges. In contrast, in neutral disks placed near an external point charge, plasmons are strongly localized away from the edges. Surprisingly, a single external electron is enough to trap plasmons. The disks also display axially symmetric dark-plasmons, which can be excited through external illumination by coupling them to a neighboring metallic element. Our results have practical relevance for graphene nanophotonics under inhomogeneous doping conditions.

Silveiro, Iván [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); Javier García de Abajo, F., E-mail: javier.garciadeabajo@icfo.es [ICFO-Institut de Ciencies Fotoniques, Mediterranean Technology Park, 08860 Castelldefels (Barcelona) (Spain); ICREA-Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats, Passeig Lluís Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona (Spain)

2014-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

427

Complementarity problems for two pairs of charged bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider an interaction of charged bodies under the following simplified conditions: the distribution of charge over each body is stable; the interaction of bodies is governed by electrical forces only. Physically, these assumptions can be treated as the following decomposition of charges: the structure of each body is assumed to be stable due to inner forces (say, quantum forces [1]), which do not influence the interaction of the bodies; the bodies interact due to the classical electrical forces [2] only. In this model, the role of inner forces is to create a specific stable distribution of the charge over a body. We assume that the charge distribution over a body can be described by the density of the charge. In our model, the distribution of the charge is the property of a body and does not change in the process of the bodies' interaction. For the simplicity we assume that the bodies are similar in the sense of geometry, say, occupy domain $Q$ and have a preferable direction of interaction denoted by $Ox_3$.

A. A. Kolpakov; A. G. Kolpakov

2012-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

428

Electrical charging during the sharkskin instability of a metallocene melt  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Flow instabilities are widely studied because of their economical and theoretical interest, however few results have been published about the polymer electrification during the extrusion. Nevertheless the generation of the electrical charges is characteristic of the interaction between the polymer melt and the die walls. In our study, the capillary extrusion of a metallocene polyethylene (mPE) through a tungsten carbide die is characterized through accurate electrical measurements thanks a Faraday pail. No significant charges are observed since the extrudate surface remains smooth. However, as soon as the sharkskin distortion appears, measurable charges are collected (around 5 10-8 C/m2). Higher level of charges are measured during the spurt or the gross-melt fracture (g.m.f) defects. This work is focused on the electrical charging during the sharkskin instability. The variation of the electrical charges versus the apparent wall shear stress is investigated for different die geometries. This curve exhibits a linear increase, followed by a sudden growth just before the onset of the spurt instability. This abrupt charging corresponds also to the end of the sharkskin instability. It is also well-known that wall slip appears just at the same time, with smaller velocity values than during spurt flow. Our results indicate that electrification could be a signature of the wall slip. We show also that the electrification curves can be shifted according to the time-temperature superposition principle, leading to the conclusion that molecular features of the polymer are also involved in this process.

S. Tonon; A. Lavernhe-Gerbier; F. Flores; A. Allal; C. Guerret-Piécourt

2007-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

429

A Diffusion Study of the Federally Mandated School Wellness Policy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated with obesity in young children. 20 Aside from developmental and emotional consequences, policymakers were worried about the increased risk for overweight and obese children to develop chronic diseases. Surgeon General Richard Carmona... health problems. (Food for Thought, 2003) Dr. Carmona’s message emphasized the expense for individuals to treat chronic diseases and the influence of chronic diseases on quality of life. Legislators also expressed concern that overweight children...

Harriger, Dinah Jane

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

430

The impact of state-mandated standard-based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. 5. High-stakes testing has resulted in a loss of local control of curricula. 6. The implementation of high-stakes testing has been a catalyst for increased attention to students with special needs. 7. Doing poorly on high-stakes tests does not lead...

Denny, III, Davis McCall

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Appendix A-Mandated Reporter Categories Type of Entity or  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of or counselors in child abuse prevention programs community care or child day care facilities licensees bring the administrator or employee into contact with children on a regular basis, as to child abuse organizations administrators or employees health care professionals all licensed health professionals

Sanders, Seth

432

Study of the Secondary Benefits of the ZEV Mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Infrastructure EV Publications EV Sales and Service HybridAlso please indicate sales in these non-EV-related areas.EV Forklift Market - customers Retail Bicycle Sales Water

Burke, Andrew; Kurani, Ken; Kenney, E.J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Study of the Secondary Benefits of the ZEV Mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

metal hydride and lithium batteries -- Electrochemical capacitors (ultracapacitors) -- Pulse power batteries -- Improved lead-acid batteries -- Zinc-air batteries --

Burke, Andrew; Kurani, Ken; Kenney, E.J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Mission, Mandate and Advisory Board Structure Approved July 17, 2008  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Happy Valley-Goose Bay and Labrador West. Mission Statement: It is the mission of the Labrador Institute

Oyet, Alwell

435

Mandating Solar Hot Water by California Local Governments: Legal Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and counties the power to require dedication of solar accessthe power to re- quire dedication of solar easements as a

Hoffman,, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The origin of California’s zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that one million alternative fuel vehicles be sold in thethe adoption of alternative fuels (particularly methanol) asof the adoption of alternative fuels. A key recommendation

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Study of the Secondary Benefits of the ZEV Mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The advantage of the zinc- air battery is lower cost andZinc-air batteries -- Zinc-bromine batteries -- Battery testZinc-air batteries 75 3.8.6 Zinc-Bromine Batteries .. 76 3.8.7 Battery

Burke, Andrew; Kurani, Ken; Kenney, E.J.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

November 30, 2010 OSHA Mandate for Tdap Vaccine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tetanus (Lockjaw), Diptheria and Pertussis (Whooping Cough). Employee Health's roving flu clinic cart present as a mild, but chronic infectious cough. It's when an infected adult unsuspectingly infects

Leistikow, Bruce N.

439

Panel 4, CPUCs Energy Storage Mandate  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652 Srivastava,Pacific1of PageHYDROGEN H 25 thix

440

Mandating Solar Hot Water by California Local Governments: Legal Issues  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the county building code to require solar energy to be thebuilding code, in accord with the energy element of its general plan, to require solar

Hoffman,, Peter C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The origin of California’s zero emission vehicle mandate  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

productively on other clean technologies. (e) CARB did nota revolution in clean automotive technology. This paper isa revolution in clean automotive technology. Various

Sperling, Dan; Collantes, Gustavo O

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Liouville theory with a central charge less than one  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the spectrum and correlation functions of Liouville theory with a central charge less than (or equal) one. This completes the definition of Liouville theory for all complex values of the central charge. The spectrum is always spacelike, and there is no consistent timelike Liouville theory. We also study the non-analytic conformal field theories that exist at rational values of the central charge. Our claims are supported by numerical checks of crossing symmetry. We provide Python code for computing Virasoro conformal blocks, and correlation functions in Liouville theory and (generalized) minimal models.

Ribault, Sylvain

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Liouville theory with a central charge less than one  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the spectrum and correlation functions of Liouville theory with a central charge less than (or equal) one. This completes the definition of Liouville theory for all complex values of the central charge. The spectrum is always spacelike, and there is no consistent timelike Liouville theory. We also study the non-analytic conformal field theories that exist at rational values of the central charge. Our claims are supported by numerical checks of crossing symmetry. We provide Python code for computing Virasoro conformal blocks, and correlation functions in Liouville theory and (generalized) minimal models.

Sylvain Ribault; Raoul Santachiara

2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

444

Electrostatic plasma lens for focusing negatively charged particle beams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe the current status of ongoing research and development of the electrostatic plasma lens for focusing and manipulating intense negatively charged particle beams, electrons, and negative ions. The physical principle of this kind of plasma lens is based on magnetic isolation electrons providing creation of a dynamical positive space charge cloud in shortly restricted volume propagating beam. Here, the new results of experimental investigations and computer simulations of wide-aperture, intense electron beam focusing by plasma lens with positive space charge cloud produced due to the cylindrical anode layer accelerator creating a positive ion stream towards an axis system is presented.

Goncharov, A. A.; Dobrovolskiy, A. M.; Dunets, S. M. [Institute of Physics NAS of Ukraine, Kiev 03028, Ave. Nauki 46 (Ukraine); Litovko, I. V. [Institute for Nuclear Research NAS of Ukraine, Kiev 03650, pr. Nauki 47 (Ukraine); Gushenets, V. I.; Oks, E. M. [High-Current Electronics Institute SB of RAS, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

445

Geodesic Motion in the (Charged) Doubly Spinning Black Ring Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we analyze the geodesics of test particles and light in the five dimensional (charged) doubly spinning black ring spacetime. Apparently it is not possible to separate the Hamilton-Jacobi-equation for (charged) doubly spinning black rings in general, so we concentrate on special cases: null geodesics in the ergosphere and geodesics on the two rotational axes of the (charged) doubly spinning black ring. We present analytical solutions to the geodesic equations for these special cases. Using effective potential techniques we study the motion of test particles and light and discuss the corresponding orbits.

Saskia Grunau; Valeria Kagramanova; Jutta Kunz

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

446

Screening model for nanowire surface-charge sensors in liquid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The conductance change of nanowire field-effect transistors is considered a highly sensitive probe for surface charge. However, Debye screening of relevant physiological liquid environments challenge device performance due to competing screening from the ionic liquid and nanowire charge carriers. We discuss this effect within Thomas-Fermi and Debye-Huckel theory and derive analytical results for cylindrical wires which can be used to estimate the sensitivity of nanowire surface-charge sensors. We study the interplay between the nanowire radius, the Thomas-Fermi and Debye screening lengths, and the length of the functionalization molecules. The analytical results are compared to finite-element calculations on a realistic geometry.

Martin H. Sorensen; Niels Asger Mortensen; Mads Brandbyge

2007-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

447

Interaction of Hawking radiation and a static electric charge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate whether the equality found for the response of static scalar sources interacting (i) with {\\em Hawking radiation in Schwarzschild spacetime} and (ii) with the Fulling-Davies-Unruh thermal bath in the Rindler wedge is maintained in the case of electric charges. We find a finite result in the Schwarzschild case, which is computed exactly, in contrast with the divergent result associated with the infrared catastrophe in the Rindler case, i.e. in the case of uniformly accelerated charges in Minkowski spacetime. Thus, the equality found for scalar sources does not hold for electric charges.

Luis C. B. Crispino; Atsushi Higuchi; George E. A. Matsas

1998-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

448

Electrically-Charged Lifshitz Spacetimes, and Hyperscaling Violations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electrically-charged Lifshitz spacetimes are hard to come by. In this paper, we construct a class of such solutions in five dimensional Einstein gravity coupled to Maxwell and $SU(2)$ Yang-Mills fields. The solutions are electrically-charged under the Maxwell field, whose equation is sourced by the Yang-Mills instanton(-like) configuration living in the hyperbolic four-space of the Lifshitz spacetime. We then introduce a dilaton and construct charged and colored Lifshitz spacetimes with hyperscaling violations. We obtain a class of exact Lifshitz black holes. We also perform similar constructions in four dimensions.

Fan, Zhong-Ying

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

450

Extremal Charged Rotating Dilaton Black Holes in Odd Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employing higher order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Masoud Allahverdizadeh; Jutta Kunz; Francisco Navarro-Lerida

2010-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

451

Direct space-charge effects on the ILC damping rings: Task Force Report  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Venturini, First-Order Space-Charge Tuneshift in a Linearly59511 February 2006 Direct Space Charge E?ects on the ILCof the Task Force on space charge. (A slightly reduced

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Space-Charge Effects in the Super B-Factory LER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

K. Oide, and A. Wolski, Space-Charge and EquilibriumVenturini and K. Oide, Direct Space-Charge E?ects on the ILCLBNL-62259 January 2007 Space-Charge E?ects in the Super B-

Venturini, Marco

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Charging and Storage Infrastructure Design for Electric Vehicles MARJAN MOMTAZPOUR and PATRICK BUTLER, Virginia Tech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Charging and Storage Infrastructure Design for Electric Vehicles MARJAN MOMTAZPOUR and PATRICK charging and storage infrastructure design for electric vehicles. We develop coordinated clustering. 2012. Charging and Storage Infrastructure Design for EVs. ACM Trans. Intell. Syst. Technol. V, N

Ramakrishnan, Naren

454

LSST Charge-Coupled Device Calibration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The prototype charge-coupled device created at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope must be tested to check its functionality and performance. It was installed into the Calypso telescope in Arizona in November of 2008 for this purpose. Since then it has taken many images of various astronomical objects. By doing photometry on standard stars in these images, we can compare our magnitude results to the known magnitudes of these stars. This comparison allows us to then determine the chip's performance and functional capabilities. Expecting to see first light in 2016, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is an extremely large ground based telescope that anticipates funding and will be built in Chile. Described as 'Wide-Fast-Deep', the LSST will have an unprecedented wide field of view (ten square degrees for surveys), short exposures (fifteen to thirty seconds and still see faint objects), and the largest digital camera in the world. One of the goals hoped to be achieved with this camera is the measurement of dark matter using strong and weak gravitational lensing. Gravitational lensing occurs when a large cluster of galaxies distorts the light from a galaxy behind this cluster. This causes an arc of light to form around the cluster. By measuring the length of this arc, one can calculate how much matter should be present in the cluster. Since the amount that should be present is vastly greater than the amount of visible matter that can be seen, it is postulated that the difference between these two numbers is made up of dark matter. This is a direct way of measuring the amount of dark matter in the universe. Thousands of galaxy clusters will be seen with LSST, allowing precise measurements of strong lensing effects. Weak lensing is a much smaller effect, distorting the shape of galaxies by only a few percent. The scale of LSST will allow these small effects to be measured with a precision unavailable with current smaller surveys. Some of the other uses for the LSST will be cataloging the entire sky, observing exploding supernovae and near Earth objects, and probing into the nature of dark energy. Since the LSST is such a large project, one organization alone cannot build it. Therefore many organizations have come together, each one working on a specific part of the telescope's construction. Here at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) the camera is being designed.

Stout, Tiarra Johannas; /Idaho State U. /SLAC

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

455

Proposed Adjustment to the 1996 Unauthorized Increase Charge...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

amounts would be in LLHs, SUB proposes to use the HLH Mid-C index price as the basis for pricing the unauthorized energy charges." SUB Brief, UAI-96R-B-SP-01, at 10. SUB claims...

456

Voltage Dependent Charge Storage Modes and Capacity in Subnanometer Pores  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using molecular dynamics simulations, we show that charge storage in subnanometer pores follows a distinct voltage-dependent behavior. Specifically, at lower voltages, charge storage is achieved by swapping co-ions in the pore with counterions in the bulk electrolyte. As voltage increases, further charge storage is due mainly to the removal of co-ions from the pore, leading to a capacitance increase. The capacitance eventually reaches a maximum when all co-ions are expelled from the pore. At even higher electrode voltages, additional charge storage is realized by counterion insertion into the pore, accompanied by a reduction of capacitance. The molecular mechanisms of these observations are elucidated and provide useful insight for optimizing energy storage based on supercapacitors.

Qiao, Rui [Clemson University; Meunier, V. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI); Huang, Jingsong [ORNL; Wu, Peng [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Systems and methods for initializing a charging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods are provided for initiating a charging system. The method, for example, may include, but is not limited to, providing, by the charging system, an incrementally increasing voltage to a battery up to a first predetermined threshold while the energy conversion module has a zero-percent duty cycle, providing, by the charging system, an incrementally increasing voltage to the battery from an initial voltage level of the battery up to a peak voltage of a voltage source while the energy conversion module has a zero-percent duty cycle, and providing, by the charging system, an incrementally increasing voltage to the battery by incrementally increasing the duty cycle of the energy conversion module.

Ransom, Ray M.; Perisic, Milun; Kajouke, Lateef A.

2014-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

458

Systems and methods for initializing a charging system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Systems and methods are provided for initiating a charging system. The method, for example, may include, but is not limited to, providing, by the charging system, an incrementally increasing voltage to a battery up to a first predetermined threshold while the energy conversion module has a zero-percent duty cycle, providing, by the charging system, an incrementally increasing voltage to the battery from an initial voltage level of the battery up to a peak voltage of a voltage source while the energy conversion module has a zero-percent duty cycle, and providing, by the charging system, an incrementally increasing voltage to the battery by incrementally increasing the duty cycle of the energy conversion module.

Ransom, Ray M; Perisic, Milun; Kajouke, Lateef A

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

459

Beep Beep! King County, Washington Is Charging Up Savings  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

King County uses $6.1 million to make investments that dramatically reduce energy waste, improve the quality of life for the residents of an area senior housing community, and lead regional efforts to install electric vehicle charging stations.

460

Mean Field Theory of Josephson Junction Arrays with Charge Frustration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Using the path integral approach, we provide an explicit derivation of the equation for the phase boundary for quantum Josephson junction arrays with offset charges and non-diagonal capacitance matrix. For the model with nearest neighbor capacitance matrix and uniform offset charge $q/2e=1/2$, we determine, in the low critical temperature expansion, the most relevant contributions to the equation for the phase boundary. We explicitly construct the charge distributions on the lattice corresponding to the lowest energies. We find a reentrant behavior even with a short ranged interaction. A merit of the path integral approach is that it allows to provide an elegant derivation of the Ginzburg-Landau free energy for a general model with charge frustration and non-diagonal capacitance matrix. The partition function factorizes as a product of a topological term, depending only on a set of integers, and a non-topological one, which is explicitly evaluated.

G. Grignani; A. Mattoni; P. Sodano; A. Trombettoni

1999-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Surface charge algebra in gauge theories and thermodynamic integrability  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Surface charges and their algebra in interacting Lagrangian gauge field theories are constructed out of the underlying linearized theory using techniques from the variational calculus. In the case of exact solutions and symmetries, the surface charges are interpreted as a Pfaff system. Integrability is governed by Frobenius' theorem and the charges associated with the derived symmetry algebra are shown to vanish. In the asymptotic context, we provide a generalized covariant derivation of the result that the representation of the asymptotic symmetry algebra through charges may be centrally extended. Comparison with Hamiltonian and covariant phase space methods is made. All approaches are shown to agree for exact solutions and symmetries while there are differences in the asymptotic context.

Barnich, Glenn [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine, CP 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Compere, Geoffrey [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine, CP 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Gravity Group, University of California at Santa Barbara, Broida Hall 9530, California 93106-9530 (United States)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

The CATI Project: Charging and Accounting Technology for the Internet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The CATI Project: Charging and Accounting Technology for the Internet Burkhard Stiller1, Torsten, Switzerland 1 E-Mail: [stiller | plattner]@tik.ee.ethz.ch, 2 E-Mail: [braun | mguenter]@iam.unibe.ch Abstract

Braun, Torsten

463

John Papanikolas: Visualizing Charge Carrier Motion in Nanowires...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

John Papanikolas: Visualizing Charge Carrier Motion in Nanowires Using Femtosecond Pump-Probe Microscopy Apr 17, 2014 | 4:00 PM - 5:00 PM John Papanikolas Professor of Chemistry &...

464

argon charge imaging: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A. Patch; G. Rameika; B. Rebel; B. Rossi; M. Soderberg; J. Spitz; A. M. Szelc; M. Weber; T. Yang; G. Zeller 2011-11-01 7 ArgoNeuT and the Neutrino-Argon Charged Current...

465

Missouri School District Charges Up | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Addthis Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? Lee's Summit R-7 School District gets four electric vehicles (EV) District was spending 2.25 per gallon of diesel, EV charging equal...

466

Ionization detector, electrode configuration and single polarity charge detection method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ionization detector, an electrode configuration and a single polarity charge detection method each utilize a boundary electrode which symmetrically surrounds first and second central interlaced and symmetrical electrodes. All of the electrodes are held at a voltage potential of a first polarity type. The first central electrode is held at a higher potential than the second central or boundary electrodes. By forming the first and second central electrodes in a substantially interlaced and symmetrical pattern and forming the boundary electrode symmetrically about the first and second central electrodes, signals generated by charge carriers are substantially of equal strength with respect to both of the central electrodes. The only significant difference in measured signal strength occurs when the charge carriers move to within close proximity of the first central electrode and are received at the first central electrode. The measured signals are then subtracted and compared to quantitatively measure the magnitude of the charge.

He, Zhong (Ann Arbor, MI)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Ionization detector, electrode configuration and single polarity charge detection method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An ionization detector, an electrode configuration and a single polarity charge detection method each utilize a boundary electrode which symmetrically surrounds first and second central interlaced and symmetrical electrodes. All of the electrodes are held at a voltage potential of a first polarity type. The first central electrode is held at a higher potential than the second central or boundary electrodes. By forming the first and second central electrodes in a substantially interlaced and symmetrical pattern and forming the boundary electrode symmetrically about the first and second central electrodes, signals generated by charge carriers are substantially of equal strength with respect to both of the central electrodes. The only significant difference in measured signal strength occurs when the charge carriers move to within close proximity of the first central electrode and are received at the first central electrode. The measured signals are then subtracted and compared to quantitatively measure the magnitude of the charge. 10 figs.

He, Z.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

468

Phenomenology of electrostatically charged droplet combustion in normal gravity  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental findings are provided on the effect of electrostatically charging a fuel on single-burning droplet combustion in normal gravity. It was established that significant modification of the flame morphology and the droplet burning time could be achieved, solely by the droplet charge, without the application of external electric fields. Negative charging of the droplets of mixtures of isooctane with either ethanol or a commercially available anti-static additive generated intense motion of the flame and abbreviated the droplet burning time by as much as 40% for certain blend compositions. Positive charging of the droplets generated almost spherical flames, because electrostatic attraction toward the droplets countered the effect of buoyancy. By comparing combustion of droplets of the same conductivity but different compositions, coupling of electrostatics with combustion chemistry was established. (author)

Anderson, Eric K.; Koch, Jeremy A.; Kyritsis, Dimitrios C. [Department of Mechanical Science and Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801 (United States)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Topological charge in 1+1 dimensional lattice $?^4$ theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the topological charge in 1+1 dimensional $\\phi^4$ theory on a lattice with Anti Periodic Boundary Condition (APBC) in the spatial direction. We propose a simple order parameter for the lattice theory with APBC and we demonstrate its effectiveness. Our study suggests that kink condensation is a possible mechanism for the order-disorder phase transition in the 1+1 dimensional $\\phi^4$ theory. With renormalizations performed on the lattice with Periodic Boundary Condition (PBC), the topological charge in the renormalized theory is given as the ratio of the order parameters in the lattices with APBC and PBC. We present a comparison of topological charges in the bare and the renormalized theory and demonstrate invariance of the charge of the renormalized theory in the broken symmetry phase.

Asit K. De; A. Harindranath; Jyotirmoy Maiti; Tilak Sinha

2005-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

470

Controllable stacked disk morphologies of charged diblock copolymers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulations are used to demonstrate the controlled stacking of charged block copolymer disk morphologies that can be obtained under certain thermodynamic conditions. We examine a partially charged block copolymer where 75% of the blocks are neutral and 25% of the blocks are charged. The presence of strong electrostatic interactions promotes charge agglomeration thereby changing morphologies in these systems. This study relates different thermodynamic quantities for which disk-like stackings can be obtained. The long-range order can be sustained even if hydrophobicity is increased albeit with lower dimensional structures. Our simulation results agree very well with recent experiments and are consistent with theoretical observations of counterion adsorption on flexible polyelectrolytes.

Goswami, Monojoy [ORNL; Sumpter, Bobby G [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Thermal equilibrium theory of periodically focused charged-particle beams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A thermal equilibrium theory of periodically focused charged-particle beams is presented in the framework of both warm-fluid and kinetic descriptions. In particular, the thermal beam equilibria are discussed for paraxial ...

Samokhvalova, Ksenia R

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Fuel effects in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Homogenous-charge, compression-ignition (HCCI) combustion is a new method of burning fuel in internal combustion (IC) engines. In an HCCI engine, the fuel and air are premixed prior to combustion, like in a spark-ignition ...

Angelos, John P. (John Phillip)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

CHARACTERIZING COUPLED CHARGE TRANSPORT WITH MULTISCALE MOLECULAR DYNAMICS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final progress report for Award DE-SC0004920, entitled 'Characterizing coupled charge transport with multi scale molecular dynamics'. The technical abstract will be provided in the uploaded report.

Swanson, Jessica

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

474

Technology available for license: Charging of liquid energy storage...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Technology available for license: Charging of liquid energy storage media through radiolysis (ANL-IN-14-036) January 23, 2015 Tweet EmailPrint This technology utilizes radiolysis...

475

Method for mapping charge pulses in semiconductor radiation detectors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An efficient method for determining the distribution of charge pulses produced by semiconductor detectors is presented. The method is based on a quasi-steady-state model for semiconductor detector operation. A complete description of the model and underlying assumptions is given. Mapping of charge pulses is accomplished by solving an adjoint carrier continuity equation. The solution of the adjoint equation yields Green`s function, a time- and position-dependent map that contains all possible charge pulses that can be produced by the detector for charge generated at discrete locations (e.g., by gamma-ray interactions). Because the map is generated by solving a single, time-dependent problem, the potential for reduction in computational effort over direct mapping methods is significant, particularly for detectors with complex electrode structures. In this paper, the adjoint equation is derived and the mapping method is illustrated for a simple case.

Prettyman, T.H.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Superconducting instabilities of R-charged black branes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We explore superconducting instabilities of black branes in SO(6) gauged supergravity at finite temperature and finite R-charge densities. We compute the critical temperatures for homogeneous neutral and superconducting instabilities in a truncation of 20 scalars and 15 gauge fields as a function of the chemical potentials conjugate to the three U(1) charges in SO(6). We find that despite the imbalance provided by multiple chemical potentials there is always at least one superconducting black brane branch, emerging at a temperature where the normal phase is locally thermodynamically stable. We emphasise that the three-equal charge solution, Reissner-Nordstrom, is subdominant to a thermodynamically unstable black brane at sufficiently low temperatures --- a feature which is hidden in an equal charge truncation.

Simon A. Gentle; Benjamin Withers

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

477

Residual dust charges in an afterglow plasma , M. Mikikian  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plasma was performed in a rf discharge. An upward thermophoretic force was used to balance]. For the study concerning residual charges, the top electrode was cooled. An upward thermophoretic force

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

478

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dirac Charge Dynamcs in Graphene by Infrared Spectroscopy Print Graphene-a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice-has very high conductivity that can be tuned...

479

Charge Fluctuations as Thermometer for Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a determination of freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions based on ratios of cu- mulants of net electric charge fluctuations obtained from lattice QCD. These ratios can reliably be calculated for a wide range of chemical potential values by using a next-to-leading order Taylor series expansion around the limit of vanishing baryon, electric charge and strangeness chemical potentials. We first determine the strangeness and electric charge chemical potentials that characterize the conditions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We then show that a comparison of lattice QCD results for ratios of up to third order cumulants of electric charge fluctuations with experimental results allows us to extract the freeze-out baryon chemical potential and the freeze-out temperature. We apply our method to preliminary data of the STAR and PHENIX collaborations.

Wagner, Mathias

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Charge Fluctuations as Thermometer for Heavy-Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a determination of freeze-out conditions in heavy-ion collisions based on ratios of cu- mulants of net electric charge fluctuations obtained from lattice QCD. These ratios can reliably be calculated for a wide range of chemical potential values by using a next-to-leading order Taylor series expansion around the limit of vanishing baryon, electric charge and strangeness chemical potentials. We first determine the strangeness and electric charge chemical potentials that characterize the conditions in heavy ion collisions at RHIC and LHC. We then show that a comparison of lattice QCD results for ratios of up to third order cumulants of electric charge fluctuations with experimental results allows us to extract the freeze-out baryon chemical potential and the freeze-out temperature. We apply our method to preliminary data of the STAR and PHENIX collaborations.

Mathias Wagner

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "mandated congestion charges" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Draft C&C Mandate November 2011 Page 1 Role and Mandate of Computing and Communications (C&C)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&C) Memorial University Mission: Our goal is to promote quality and excellence in the delivery of information from the Information Management Committee (IMC). Scope: For communications and technology services C and Communications Technologies Core Information and Communications Technologies are those systems and services

deYoung, Brad

482

Plug-In Electric Vehicle Handbook for Public Charging Station Hosts (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This handbook answers basic questions about plug-in electric vehicles, charging stations, charging equipment, and considerations for station owners, property owners, and station hosts.

Not Available

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Spectroscopy of Photovoltaic Materials: Charge-Transfer Complexes and Titanium Dioxide  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIVERSIDE Spectroscopy of Photovoltaic Materials: Charge-DISSERTATION Spectroscopy of Photovoltaic Materials: Charge-function of photovoltaic (PV) and photocatalytic (PC)

Dillon, Robert

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

AVTA: GE Energy WattStation AC Level 2 Charging System Testing...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2012 More Documents & Publications AVTA: Aerovironment AC Level 2 Charging System Testing Results AVTA: GE Smart Grid Capable AC Level 2 Testing Results AVTA: Siemens-VersiCharge...

485

E-Print Network 3.0 - anionic charge polyethylene Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

charge polyethylene Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anionic charge polyethylene Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Anionic Effects on...

486

E-Print Network 3.0 - altering charged coordination Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

more, work has been focused on moving the charging schedule responsibility to the EV, while... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 2.4.1 Decentralised Charging...

487

Performance, Charging, and Second-use Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Considerations for Lithium Batteries for Plug-in Electricfast charging of the lithium batteries should be possiblefast charging of the lithium batteries will be is possible

Burke, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Entropy bound for a charged object from the Kerr-Newman black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We derive again the upper entropy bound for a charged object by employing thermodynamics of the Kerr-Newman black hole linearised with respect to its electric charge

B. Linet

1999-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

489

BEV Charging Behavior Observed in The EV Project for 2013  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet will be issued quarterly to report on the number of Nissan Leafs vehicle usage, charging locations, and charging completeness as part of the EV Project. It will be posted on the INL/AVTA and ECOtality websites and will be accessible by the general public. The raw data that is used to create the report is considered proprietary/OUO and NDA protected, but the information in this report is NOT proprietary nor NDA protected.

Brion D. Bennett

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Isovector spin observables in nuclear charge reactions at LAMPF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LAMPF has undertaken a major development program to upgrade facilities for nuclear charge-exchange studies at intermediate energies. The major components of this upgrade are a medium-resolution spectrometer and neutron time-of-flight system for good resolution (delta E < 1 MeV) charge-exchange perograms in (n,p) and (p,n) respectively. Major emphasis is placed on polarization phenomena using polarized beams and analyzing the polarization of the outgoing particle.

McClelland, J.B.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Interpretation of the atmospheric muon charge ratio in MINOS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MINOS is the first large magnetic detector deep underground and is the first to measure the muon charge ratio with high statistics in the region near 1 TeV.\\cite{bib:adamson} An approximate formula for the muon charge ratio can be expressed in terms of $\\epsilon_\\pi$ = 115 GeV, $\\epsilon_K$ = 850 GeV and $\\ec$. The implications for K production in the atmosphere will be discussed.

Philip Schreiner; Maury Goodman

2007-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

492

KKW Analysis for the Dyadosphere of a Charged Black Hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Keski-Vakkuri, Kraus and Wilczek (KKW) analysis is used to compute the temperature and entropy in the dyadosphere of a charged black hole solution. For our purpose we choose the dyadosphere region of the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole solution. Our results show that the expressions of the temperature and entropy in the dyadosphere of this charged black hole are not the Hawking temperature and the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy, respectively.

I. Radinschi

2005-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

493

Effect of topology on the critical charge in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that the critical charge for the Dirac excitations in gapless graphene depends on the spatial topology of the sample. In particular, for graphene cones, the effective value of the critical charge can tend towards zero for a suitable angle of the conical sample. We discuss the nature of the scattering phase shifts, quasi-bound state energies and local density of states for a gapless graphene cone and determine the dependence of these physical quantities on the sample topology.

Baishali Chakraborty; Kumar S. Gupta; Siddhartha Sen

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

494

BSW process of the slowly evaporating charged black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we study the BSW process of the slowly evaporating charged black hole. It can be found that the BSW process will also arise near black hole horizon when the evaporation of charged black hole is very slow. But now the background black hole does not have to be an extremal black hole, and it will be approximately an extremal black hole unless it is nearly a huge stationary black hole.

Liancheng Wang; Feng He; Xiangyun Fu

2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

495

Light defection due to a charged, rotating body  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

According to GTR and subsequent developments in the field, it is known that there are three factors namely mass, rotation and charge that can influence the space-time geometry. Accordingly, we discuss the effect of space-time geometry of a charged, rotating body on the motion of the light ray. We obtained the expression for equatorial defection of light due to such a body up to fourth order term. In our expression for defection angle it is clear that charge can influence the path of light ray. We used the null geodesic approach of light ray for our calculation. If we set the charge to zero our expression of bending angle gets reduced to the Kerr equatorial bending angle.If we set rotation to zero our expression reduces to Resinner-Nordstr$\\ddot{o}$m defection angle and if we set both charge and rotation to zero our expression reduces to Schwarzschild bending angle. However, we get non-zero bending angle for a hypothetical massless, rotating, charged body.

Sarani Chakraborty; A. K. Sen

2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

496

Effect of charge distribution on RDX adsorption in IRMOF-10  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical (QM) calculations, classical grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulations, and classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations are performed to test the effect of charge distribution on hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) adsorption and diffusion in IRMOF-10. Several different methods for mapping QM electron distributions onto atomic point charges are explored, including the electrostatic potential (ESP) method, Mulliken population analysis, L{sub 0}wdin population analysis, and natural bond orbital analysis. Classical GCMC and MD simulations of RDX in IRMOF-10 are performed using 15 combinations of charge sources of RDX and IRMOF-10. As the charge distributions vary, interaction potential energies, the adsorption loading, and the self-diffusivities are significantly different. None of the 15 combinations are able to quantitatively capture the dependence of the energy of adsorption on local configuration of RDX as observed in the QM calculations. We observe changes in the charge distributions of RDX and IRMOF-10 with the introduction of an RDX molecule into the cage. We also observe a large dispersion contribution to the interaction energy from QM calculations that is not reproduced in the classical simulations, indicating that the source of discrepancy may not lie exclusively with the assignment of charges.

Xiong, Ruichang [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Keffer, David J. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Fuentes-Cabrera, Miguel A [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Michalkova, Andrea [Jackson State University; Petrova, Tetyana [Jackson State University; Leszczynski, Jerzy [Computational Center for Molecular Structure and Interactions, Jackson, MS; Odbadrakh, Khorgolkhuu [ORNL; Doss, Bryant [West Virginia University; Lewis, James [West Virginia University

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Charged and neutral hyperonic effects on the driplines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Modification of neutron and proton driplines by the capture of strange hyperon(s) by normal nuclei has been investigated. A generalised mass formula (BWMH) based on the strangeness dependent extended liquid drop model is used to calculate the binding energy of normal nuclei as well as strange hypernuclei. The neutron (Sn) and proton (Sp) separation energies of all hypernuclei with neutral hyperons Lambda, double Lambda or charged hyperons Cascade(-), Theta(+) inside are calculated using BWMH mass formula. The normal neutron and proton driplines get modified due to the addition of the hyperon(s)(Lambda, double Lambda, Cascade(-), Theta(+) etc.) to the core of normal nuclei. The hypernuclei containing the charged hyperon(s) like those with neutral hyperon(s) have similar nucleon separation energies like core nuclei if proton number instead of net charge is used in the symmetry term. Due to the effect of opposite charges present in Theta(+) and Cascade(-), hyperons their corresponding driplines get separated from each other. All the hyperons modify mean field potential due to strong hyperon-nucleon coupling. Addition of a single charged hyperon in normal nuclei affects the entire proton drip line more prominently than that by neutral hyperon. The neutral hyperonic effect on proton dripline is significant for lighter nuclei than for heavier ones whereas both the charged as well as neutral hyperons affect almost the entire neutron dripline.

P. Roy Chowdhury; C. Samanta; D. N. Basu

2006-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

498

Gas-Solid Coexistence in Highly Charged Colloidal Suspensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Aqueous suspensions of highly charged polystyrene particles with different volume fractions have been investigated for structural ordering and phase behavior using static light scattering (SLS) and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Under deionized conditions, suspensions of high charge density colloidal particles remained disordered whereas suspensions of relatively low charge density showed crystallization by exhibiting iridescence for the visible light. Though for unaided eye crystallized suspensions appeared homogeneous, static light scattering measurements and CLSM observations have revealed their inhomogeneous nature in the form of coexistence of voids with dense ordered regions. CLSM investigations on disordered suspensions showed their inhomogeneous nature in the form coexistence of voids with dense disordered (amorphous) regions. Our studies on highly charged colloids confirm the occurrence of gas-solid transition and are in accordance with predictions of Monte Carlo simulations using a pair-potential having a long-range attractive term [Mohanty and Tata, Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2003, 264, 101]. Based on our experimental and simulation results we argue that the reported reentrant disordered state [Yamanaka et al Phys. Rev. Lett. 1998, 80, 5806 and Toyotama et al Langmuir, 2003, 19, 3236] in charged colloids observed at high charge densities is a gas-solid coexistence state.

P. S. Mohanty; B. V. R. Tata; A. Toyotama; T. Sawada

2005-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

499

An Intelligent Solar Powered Battery Buffered EV Charging Station with Solar Electricity Forecasting and EV Charging Load Projection Functions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fast charging, and solar power availability pose a challengeevent to a fixed SOC from solar power and/or the grid in athem without considering solar power availability and the

Zhao, Hengbing; Burke, Andrew

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Charge transport and charge clustering in polymer electrolytes: Results from simulations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reports results of molecular dynamics simulations on models for polymer electrolytes. These initial models use reasonable potentials, with proper thermal dynamics and appropriate treatment of boundary conditions. The solvents themselves range in complexity from simple Lennar-Jones spheres with embedded dipoles to constraint geometry models for small etheric solvents. The paper reports structural, transport and thermal dependences of these model electrolytes. The authors observe some important changes in the extent of clustering with temperature and with dielectric constant, as well as with concentration. Mechanistic interpretation, in terms of effective ion flows and charge transport characteristics, are reported. In particular, the authors find an analysis of pairing using the thermal dependence of the potential of mean force shows clearly that entropic effects, as well as reduced dielectric screening, result in cluster stabilization. In the extreme limit of oversaturation, such stabilization can actually lead to changes in the mechanism, in agreement with recent suggestions by Angell based on ionene materials.

Payne, V.A.; Forsyth, M.; Shriver, D.F.; DeLeeuw, S.W.; Ratner, M.A. [Northeastern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z