National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for malawi malaysia maldives

  1. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  2. New cichlids Lake Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's Note: Lake Malawi is a large body of water, the 11th largest lake in the world, with 10,600 sq. miles. Holotype deposited in American Museum of Natural History, New York City, catalog No. 33466. Collected off in the American Museum of Natural History, New York City. Holotype catalog No. 33464; Paratype catalog No. 33465

  3. Last resorts : a tour guide to territorial protection for the Republic of the Maldives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleeper, Buck (Thomas Buck)

    2011-01-01

    A two meter rise in sea levels projected by the end of this century threatens the sovereignty of the Maldivian nation state. While flight from the Maldives to establish a new homeland elsewhere has been proposed, the culture ...

  4. Society to 2050 AD: Anthropological Forecasts Extrapolating Correlates of Modernization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Trevor

    2008-01-01

    Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaLithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Malaysia

  5. Ties of Dependence: AIDS and Transactional Sex in Rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swidler, Ann; Watkins, Susan Cotts

    2007-01-01

    Statistical Office (NSO) [Malawi], and ORC Macro. 2005.and Health Survey 2004, NSO and ORC Macro, Calverton, MD,National Statistics Office and ORC Macro 2005 for Malawi;

  6. Reactions to Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Rebecca; Bula, Agatha; Chavula, Kondwani; Bignami-Van Assche, Simona; Watkins, Susan

    2008-01-01

    Statistical Office [Malawi], ORC Macro. Malawi DemographicNational Statistical Office and ORC Macro, 2001. Yoder PS,Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro, 2004. Bignami-Van

  7. Malawi: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    have an increased emphasis on energy, given the current tendency towards high fuel prices, continuing problems with electricity supply across Malawi, and the increasing...

  8. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    Iran, I.R. of Lesotho Macedonia, FYR Maldives Mali MexicoJamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR Maldives MoroccoLibya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar Malawi

  9. Creating An Agent-Based Model To Establish Food Security In Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Deirdre

    2013-11-28

    Malawi’s agricultural sector is unable to establish food security for the majority of the population. Food security in Malawi is defined by access to maize, the staple food for over 96% of the population. Current rates of ...

  10. Infertility in Malawi: exploring its impact and social consequences 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Kok, Christina

    Infertility is a serious personal, social and public health issue in developing countries such as Malawi. Infertility is often a ‘hidden’ problem in this context as the policy and service emphasis is on issues like infant ...

  11. Acceptance of repeat population-based voluntary counseling and testing for HIV in rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro, 2006. 5. Bateganya MH,Office (NSO) [Malawi] and ORC Macro. Malawi Demographic andCalverton, Maryland: NSO and ORC Macro, 2005. 17. Boerma JT,

  12. Late Pleistocene paleohydrography and diatom paleoecology of the central basin of Lake Malawi, Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Late Pleistocene paleohydrography and diatom paleoecology of the central basin of Lake Malawi of the paleohydrography and diatom paleoecology of Lake Malawi. Lake-level fluctuations on the order of hundreds of meters

  13. Can remote sensing be used to support sustainable forestry in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cassells, Gemma Fiona

    2013-07-01

    Sustainable forest management is a key issue in Malawi. Malawi is a relatively small, resource poor, densely populated country, which in some areas is close to exceeding the energy capacity of the environment to support ...

  14. Plasticity of opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton, Karen L.

    Plasticity of opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi CHRISTOPHER M. HOFMANN, KELLY E. O plasticity has important evolutionary implications. In this study, we examined retinal plasticity in five found that the magnitude of plasticity varied across species. These findings have important implications

  15. A view from the bottom: vulnerability as double exposure in the Kasungu Mountain Reserve, Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelloe, Andrew

    2013-11-01

    of several villages within the Kasungu Mountain Reserve, Malawi. It builds on previous studies that have assessed how economic shifts interact with climactic variability to affect the development opportunities of poor. Adopting a political economic...

  16. Employment Patterns among Women: A Comparative Study of Rural Malawi and Rural Pakistan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassan, Amira; Hyder, Asma

    2012-01-01

    Shahnaz, L. (2002). How do women decide to work in Pakistan?The Pakistan Development Review,41(4), Part II:495-513.is 8 and 14 in rural Pakistan and rural Malawi respectively

  17. Constructing infertility in Malawi: Management of interpersonal, normative and moral issues in talk 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Kok, Bregje Christina

    2007-01-01

    This study examines social constructions of infertility in Malawi. The literature on infertility consists of epidemiological studies, describing patterns of infertility in terms of its incidence, causes and health seeking ...

  18. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  19. Remarkable Rates of Lightning Strike Mortality in Malawi Monique Borgerhoff Mulder1,5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    , California, United States of America, 2 Mpamba Health Center PA Mpamba, Nkhata Bay, Malawi, 3 Department, California, United States of America, 4 Graduate Group in Ecology, University of California, Davis, California, United States of America, 5 Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin, Germany Abstract Livingstone's second

  20. An Offer You Can't Refuse: Provider-Initiated HIV Testing in Antenatal Clinics in Rural Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angotti, Nicole; Dionne, Kim Y.; Gaydosh, Lauren

    2008-01-01

    An Offer You Can’t Refuse: Provider-Initiated HIV Testing inWorking Paper Series An Offer You Can’t Refuse: Provider-data from Malawi, we offer an account of the perceptions

  1. Analysis of Data Sources and Mapping Techniques for Generating Topographic Base Map in Sub Saharan Africa: Case of Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gwedeza, Alice Janet Chiumia

    2011-11-23

    Topographic maps that are being used in Malawi today are out of date. Accurate, up-to-date, reliable, accessible, consistent and reusable spatial data is required to produce Geoinformation that support the nation with ...

  2. Chapter 1: Temporal trends of trawl catches in the North of the South West Arm, Lake Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5 Chapter 1: Temporal trends of trawl catches in the North of the South West Arm, Lake Malawi F activities between Domira Bay and Nkhotakota in 1993, the trawl fisheries occur only in the SE and SW Arms in the SWA fish only in the shallow waters of the southern part of the arm and given that traditional

  3. Paleoecological response of ostracods to early Late Pleistocene lake-level changes in Lake Malawi, East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paleoecological response of ostracods to early Late Pleistocene lake-level changes in Lake Malawi. This record of lake-level fluctuations is correlated with paleoecological changes in ostracod communities in paleoecological affinities related to lake chemistry and oxygenation of bottom waters. The characteristics

  4. Presentation 2.7: Energy and the Forest Products Industry in Malaysia Zulkifli Bin Ahmad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on alternative energy to replace petroleum. Malaysia introduced "biodiesel" as a first step to reduce the usePresentation 2.7: Energy and the Forest Products Industry in Malaysia Zulkifli Bin Ahmad Director of Forest Industries Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia E-mail: zulmad@gmail.com Abstract Energy

  5. Maldives-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-CarbonMalcolmNREL

  6. Maldives: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards

  7. "Market Watch 2010" The Timber Sector in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sectors are palm oil & palm oil-based products, crude petroleum, liquefied natural gas and timber countries by the "Global Enabling Trade Report 2009", published by the World Economic Forum. Malaysia. But the weak global markets also affected Malaysian trade in 2009. In the first 6 months of 2009, total trade

  8. Analysis of Trade as a Driver of Oil Palm Expansion: The Implica;ons for Peatlands in Indonesia and Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    ;ons for Peatlands in Indonesia and Malaysia Alexandra C. Morel, Ph.D. Earth Ins) of peatland, with an esIndonesia and Malaysia currently planted with industrial oil palm plantaIndonesia

  9. Essays on the politics of regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weymouth, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Macau Macedonia Madagascar Malawi MalaysiaZambia Albania Slovenia Macedonia Croatia Kyrgyz RepublicCroatia Russia Slovenia Macedonia Yugoslavia Bulgaria

  10. Multicriteria high-speed rail route selection: application to Malaysia's high-speed rail corridor prioritization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    Multicriteria high-speed rail route selection: application to Malaysia's high-speed rail corridor on multicriteria decision analysis in transportation and provides a case study of high-speed rail (HSR) corridor. Keywords: high-speed rail; route selection; multicriteria analysis; Malaysia Introduction High-speed rail

  11. Title: Peat Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change in Malaysia Presenter: Shashi Kumaran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: Peat Resource Management in the Context of Climate Change in Malaysia Presenter: Shashi://register.eventarc.com/event/view/6129/tickets/peat-resource-management-in- the-context-of-climate-change-in-malaysia Abstract: As one problem. The principal issue to be addressed in the research is how the management of peat can be improved

  12. Accounting for Depletion of Oil and Gas Resources in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Othman, Jamal Jafari, Yaghoob

    2012-12-15

    Since oil and gas are non-renewable resources, it is important to identify the extent to which they have been depleted. Such information will contribute to the formulation and evaluation of appropriate sustainable development policies. This paper provides an assessment of the changes in the availability of oil and gas resources in Malaysia by first compiling the physical balance sheet for the period 2000-2007, and then assessing the monetary balance sheets for the said resource by using the Net Present Value method. Our findings show serious reduction in the value of oil reserves from 2001 to 2005, due to changes in crude oil prices, and thereafter the depletion rates decreased. In the context of sustainable development planning, albeit in the weak sustainability sense, it will be important to ascertain if sufficient reinvestments of the estimated resource rents in related or alternative capitals are being attempted by Malaysia. For the study period, the cumulative resource rents were to the tune of RM61 billion. Through a depletion or resource rents policy, the estimated quantum may guide the identification of a reinvestment threshold (after considering needed capital investment for future development of the industry) in light of ensuring the future productive capacity of the economy at the time when the resource is exhausted.

  13. Toll road public-private partnerships in Malaysia : using the CLIOS process for policy improvements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ward, John L., 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Malaysia has relied on private sector provision of toll roads for over twenty years using public- private partnerships (PPPs). While the program has been successful in providing close to 1,800 kilometers of highway in that ...

  14. The application of traditional design principles to contemporary housing in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choo, Teck Neo

    1982-01-01

    Malaysia is now undergoing rapid economic development, bringing swift and often drastic changes to the built environment. Major cultural changes, the effects of which may not be fully appreciated for a number of years, ...

  15. SOIL EROSION MODELING USING RUSLE AND GIS ON CAMERON HIGHLANDS, MALAYSIA FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    SOIL EROSION MODELING USING RUSLE AND GIS ON CAMERON HIGHLANDS, MALAYSIA FOR HYDROPOWER DEVELOPMENT Soo Huey Teh ______________________________________________________ #12;SOIL EROSION MODELING USING of Akureyri Akureyri, February 2011 #12;Soil Erosion Modeling using RUSLE and GIS on Cameron Highlands

  16. 36 Minimising the hydrological impact of forest harvesting in Malaysia's rainforests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    36 Minimising the hydrological impact of forest harvesting in Malaysia's rainforests H. C. Thang lorries, such extraction is slow and costly,andwouldnotgivethestateornationtherevenuetodevelop schools water sup- plies (Mohamed, 1987) and enhanced flood risk from increased channel sedimentation (Sheffield

  17. Case Study: Flood Mitigation of the Muda River, Malaysia P. Y. Julien, M.ASCE1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    degradation, which largely off sets apparent benefits for flood control. Pumping stations have been systematically required at irrigation canal intakes. Several bridge piers have also been severely undermined particularly high Table 1 . The Department of Irrigation and Drainage in Malaysia Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran

  18. Evaluation on Cooling Energy Load with Varied Envelope Design for High-Rise Residential Buildings in Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Tamimi, N.; Fadzil, S.

    2010-01-01

    With the development of the economy in the recent years, Malaysia is maintaining a high economic growth and therefore, its energy consumption increases dramatically. Residential buildings are characterized by being envelope-load dominated buildings...

  19. Application of Location/Allocation Models and GIS to the Location of National Primary Schools in Rawang, Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naharudin, Nabilah

    2014-11-30

    As education is compulsory in Malaysia, all children aged 7 to 12 are expected to attend primary schools. It is therefore a challenge for the government to provide schools which are well located to serve the children ...

  20. Maldives-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES

  1. Field Analysis of Thermal Comfort in Two Energy Efficient Office Buildings in Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qahtan, A. T.; Keumala, N.; Rao, S. P.; Samad, Z. A.

    2010-01-01

    with exception of an air movement in the workspace of both buildings. The result suggested workers? preferable condition. Keywords: Building Energy Efficiency; Thermal comfort; and Occupant Satisfaction. INTRODUCTION In a tropical climate... that mentioned earlier. The significance of this paper is that measuring the thermal comfort parameters supported by surveying the occupants? satisfaction in these two EE buildings would be as evaluation to upcoming EE buildings in tropical region. MALAYSIA...

  2. Study of movement of the western and central belts of Peninsular Malaysia using GPS data analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramli, Siti Hafizah; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim [Geology Programme, School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    Since the large earthquakes in Sumatera and Nias, there were some tremors incidents at Bukit Tinggi. Therefore, a study on the earth’s crust movement and the effects of the earthquake in Indonesia on the tectonic blocks of Peninsular Malaysia have been carried out using GPS data analysis. GPS data from five MyRTKnet stations within Peninsular Malaysia have been analyzed to monitor the movement of two major tectonic blocks of Peninsular Malaysia which are the western belt represented by the Behrang (BEHR) and UPM Serdang (UPMS) stations and the central belt represented by Bentong (BENT), Jerantut (JRNT) and Temerloh (TLOH) stations. GPS data recorded from 2005 to 2010 were analysed based on horizontal and vertical displacements of the respective stations by using Trimble Business Centre (TBC) software. Based on the results of accumulated displacements of recorded GPS data from January 2006 to December 2013, it shows that the western belt which represented by UPMS has shifted 0.096m towards northwest with changes of ellipsoidal height of +0.030m while the central belt which represented by TLOH has shifted 0.080m towards northwest with changes of ellipsoidal height of ?0.015m. Meanwhile, BENT station which is located on the Bentong-Raub suture zone turns to its original position as well as JRNT station. However, BEHR station which are located in western belt do not show any movements. All of these movements may be due to the influence of reactive faults in the stations area stimulated by several large earthquakes that occurred in 2005 to 2010. Study on using the GPS data analysis and combine with integrated geophysical methods are necessary to understand in detail about the tectonic evolution of Peninsular Malaysia.

  3. JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 -OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    56 JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 - OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008) Keyword: polyhydroxyalkanoate, PHB, PHBV, metabolic@mit.edu ** Malaysian Palm Oil Board, P. O. Box 10620, 50720 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. INTRODUCTION Polyhydroxyalkanoates

  4. Disease mapping based on stochastic SIR-SI model for Dengue and Chikungunya in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Samat, N. A.; Ma'arof, S. H. Mohd Imam

    2014-12-04

    This paper describes and demonstrates a method for relative risk estimation which is based on the stochastic SIR-SI vector-borne infectious disease transmission model specifically for Dengue and Chikungunya diseases in Malaysia. Firstly, the common compartmental model for vector-borne infectious disease transmission called the SIR-SI model (susceptible-infective-recovered for human populations; susceptible-infective for vector populations) is presented. This is followed by the explanations on the stochastic SIR-SI model which involve the Bayesian description. This stochastic model then is used in the relative risk formulation in order to obtain the posterior relative risk estimation. Then, this relative estimation model is demonstrated using Dengue and Chikungunya data of Malaysia. The viruses of these diseases are transmitted by the same type of female vector mosquito named Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus. Finally, the findings of the analysis of relative risk estimation for both Dengue and Chikungunya diseases are presented, compared and displayed in graphs and maps. The distribution from risk maps show the high and low risk area of Dengue and Chikungunya diseases occurrence. This map can be used as a tool for the prevention and control strategies for both diseases.

  5. Proceedings of ICEE 2009 3rd International Conference on Energy and Environment, 7-8 December 2009, Malacca, Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    , Malacca, Malaysia 978-1-4244-5145-6/09/$26.00 ©2009 IEEE 1 Prediction of PVT Properties In Crude Oil of this research is to investigate the capability of SVRs in modeling PVT properties of crude oil systems existing approaches such as empirical correlation for estimating crude oil PVT properties. I. INTRODUCTION

  6. ICT's role in e-Governance in India and Malaysia: A Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deka, Ganesh Ch; Mahanti, Prabhat

    2012-01-01

    Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a key role in Development & Economic growth of the Developing countries of the World. Political, Cultural, Socio-economic Developmental & Behavioral decisions today rests on the ability to access, gather, analyze and utilize Information and Knowledge. Government of India is having an ambitious objective of transforming the citizen-government interaction at all levels to by the electronic mode by 2020.Similarly according to the Vision 2020-The Way Forward presented by His Excellency YAB Dato' Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamad at the Malaysian Business Council "By the year 2020, Malaysia can be a united nation, with a confident Malaysian society, infused by strong moral and ethical values, living in a society that is democratic, liberal and tolerant, caring, economically just and equitable, progressive and prosperous, and in full possession of an economy that is competitive, dynamic, robust and resilient". This paper presents a comparative study and review r...

  7. Seasonal Variation of Indoor Radon Concentration in the Tropics: Comparative studies between Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and Kerala, India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mahat, R. H.; Amin, Y. M. [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Jojo, P. J. [Physics Department, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); CARPS, Department of Physics, Fatima Mata National College, Kerala (India); Pereira, C. E. [CARPS, Department of Physics, Fatima Mata National College, Kerala (India)

    2011-03-30

    The radiation dose received by man from indoor radon and its progeny is the largest at more than 50% of total dose received. The seasonal variation of indoor radon concentration in Kerala, India and Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were studied. The Southwest coast of the Kerala state in India is known to have very high levels of natural background radiation owing to the rare earths rich monazite sand available in large amount. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia used to be a famous tin mining area where it was done using open cast system. One-year measurements of radon concentration in houses were done for these two regions. It was found that there is considerable seasonal variation in the levels of radon in Kerala but the variation in Kuala Lumpur is only less than 10%.

  8. Using a contingent valuation approach for improved solid waste management facility: Evidence from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Afroz, Rafia; Masud, Muhammad Mehedi

    2011-04-15

    This study employed contingent valuation method to estimate the willingness to pay (WTP) of the households to improve the waste collection system in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The objective of this study is to evaluate how household WTP changes when recycling and waste separation at source is made mandatory. The methodology consisted of asking people directly about their WTP for an additional waste collection service charge to cover the costs of a new waste management project. The new waste management project consisted of two versions: version A (recycling and waste separation is mandatory) and version B (recycling and waste separation is not mandatory). The households declined their WTP for version A when they were asked to separate the waste at source although all the facilities would be given to them for waste separation. The result of this study indicates that the households were not conscious about the benefits of recycling and waste separation. Concerted efforts should be taken to raise environmental consciousness of the households through education and more publicity regarding waste separation, reducing and recycling.

  9. Electron beam accelerator: A new tool for environmental preservation in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hashim, Siti Aiasah; Bakar, Khomsaton Abu; Othman, Mohd Nahar [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, 43000, Kajang Selangor (Malaysia)

    2012-09-26

    Electron beam accelerators are widely used for industrial applications such as surface curing, crosslinking of wires and cables and sterilization/ decontamination of pharmaceutical products. The energy of the electron beam determines the type of applications. This is due to the penetration power of the electron that is limited by the energy. In the last decade, more work has been carried out to utilize the energetic electron for remediation of environmental pollution. For this purposes, 1 MeV electron beam accelerator is sufficient to treat wastewater from textile industry and flue gases from fossil fuel combustions. In Nuclear Malaysia, a variable energy Cockroft Walton type accelerator has been utilized to initiate investigations in these two areas. An electron beam flue gas treatment test rig was built to treat emission from diesel combustion, where it was found that using EB parameters of 1MeV and 12mA can successfully remove at least 80% of nitric oxide in the emission. Wastewater from textile industries was treated using combination of biological treatment and EB. The initial findings indicated that the quality of water had improved based on the COD{sub Cr}, BOD{sub 5} indicators.

  10. JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 -OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    30 JOURNAL OF OIL PALM RESEARCH SPECIAL ISSUE ON MALAYSIA-MIT BIOTECHNOLOGY PARTNERSHIP PROGRAMME: VOLUME 2 - OIL PALM METABOLIC ENGINEERING (JULY 2008) NON-RADIOACTIVE ASSAY FOR ACETYL-CoA CARBOXYLASE 2007. ABSTRACT Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is a key enzyme in oil biosynthesis and is critical for the oil

  11. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-CarbonMalcolmNREL(SREP)

  12. Malawi & MSU: a STRaTEGiC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and eastern Africa to generate knowledge that improves livelihoods, health, and well-being. Trends common gender diversity across project activities, and increased library resources. Increasing Capacity

  13. Government of Malawi Department of Fisheries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ................................................................................................................................... 2 Analysis by gear.......................................................................................................................... 2 Gear ownership important gear in the area is the chilimira net and ownership of this gear in the late 1990s appears stable

  14. Government of Malawi Department of Fisheries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bay Fisheries Bulletin No. 51 Department of Fisheries P.O. Box 593 Lilongwe 2001 #12;1 Table. .........................................15 #12;2 Introduction Lake Chiuta is a permanent lake (Tweddle, 1983) covering a mean area of 199km2 , oscillating between a minimum area of 93km2 and a maximum of 304km2 according to season and rainfall

  15. Malawi-IAEA Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatec GmbHMalana PowerIAEA

  16. International Services Fall 2013 Total Enrollment = 2657

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyers, Steven D.

    Systems Finance Business Administration Electrical Engineering 37 38 38 40 43 48 49 71 79 79 88 141 Top 10.26% Lithuania 1 0.04% Macedonia 1 0.04% Malawi 1 0.04% Malaysia 12 0.45% Mali 1 0.04% Mauritius 3 0.11% Mexico

  17. "SE Asia was rifted parts of the Early Paleozoic NW Australia Gondwana", GEOSEA'98 (Ninth Regional Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources of Sotheast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (with Bunopas,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banbara, Mutsunori

    Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources of Sotheast Asia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (with Bunopas, S Thailand and East Asia" GEOSEA '98 (Ninth Regional Congress on Geology, Mineral and Energy Resources Otago, New Zealand: equivocal evidence for terrane association" Geological Society of New Zealand & New

  18. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  19. Drought resilience of maize-legume agroforestry systems in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kerr, Amber Catherine

    2012-01-01

    important is acute heat stress versus changes in phenology?no impact from acute heat stress. On the other hand, outputimportant is acute heat stress versus changes in phenology?

  20. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  1. Malawi-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagementUSAID

  2. Performing Indian Dance in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thiagarajan, Premalatha

    2012-01-01

    Indians who originate from Kerala look forward to each year.of women, dressed in typical Kerala style, ascend the stage.in the Indian state of Kerala and is grandly celebrated by

  3. Pierre Y. Julien Malaysia 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    levels of controllability or flexibility associated with hydroelectric power plants. Storage hydro plants

  4. Pierre Y. Julien Malaysia 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    ;3 Subsistence Farming Farming Hilltops? Watershed Deforestation #12;4 Peligre Dam (sedimentation) Hurricane · Engineering ~ 100 years · Aquatic life ~ 1 year #12;8 1935 1972 1992 Hydraulic geometry of the Rio Grande #12 Grande Restoration­ Santa Ana Project Goals #12;16 Changes in hydraulic geometry Bed material size -1

  5. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau » Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  6. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,Guinea Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  7. GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA DEPARTMENT OF IRRIGATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    . The use of this Manual requires professional interpretation and judgment. Appropriate design procedures, Site Investigation and Engineering Survey; Engineering Modelling; Mechanical and Electrical Services on record our care for the future generations. This DID Manual is developed through contributions from

  8. U.S. LNG Imports from Malaysia

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves5-2015 Liquefied9-2015

  9. Malaysia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsaInformation

  10. Transparency, Sanctioning Capacity, and Corruption Displacement : : Multi-Method Evidence from Local Government in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zimmerman, Brigitte

    2014-01-01

    2.4.2 Corruption-Sanction Game Between Official and Cit-Matrix in Corruption-Sanction Game . . . . . . . . . . . .of corruption enough to sanction it. My primary hypothesis

  11. The relationship between lens transmission and opsin gene expression in cichlids from Lake Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carleton, Karen L.

    ). Several adaptive benefits for blocking UV light have been pro- posed. High-energy UV light has a c t The lens plays an important role in regulating the wavelengths of light that reach the retina trans- mission and SWS1 (UV) opsin gene expression, suggesting that UV transmitting lenses are adaptive

  12. Genetic diversity and performance of maize varieties from Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magorokosho, Cosmos

    2007-04-25

    Large scale and planned introduction of maize (Zea mays) in southern Africa was accomplished during the last 100 years. Since then, smallholder farmers and breeders have been selecting varieties best adapted to their ...

  13. Malawi-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagement

  14. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsa InstalacionesMakaiMakushin|

  15. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    to decrease in tax share); or Liberia (increase in exchangeKenya IIIIIIIIII Lesotho II Liberia IIIIII IIIIIIIII MalawiLSL Gambia ** Lesotho ** Liberia Madagascar ** Malawi ** LRD

  16. Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread poverty; Diversity across Africa in primary school completion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mozambique Niger Nigeriab Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mali Mozambique Niger NigeriaBoys Girls Gender gap a Mali Mozambique Madagascar Burkina

  17. Vote Buying and Accountability in Democratic Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    2013-01-01

    study of cousinage in Mali. American Political Sciencemoros, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mali, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo,Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia,

  18. South Asia Regional Initiative for Energy Cooperation and Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    www.usaid.govourwork Country Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bhutan, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Maldives Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia, Southern Asia,...

  19. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  20. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  1. Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  2. Population dynamics and movements of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the Maldivian fishery: analysis of tagging data from an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Population dynamics and movements of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the Maldivian fishery du listao (Katsuwonus pelamis) dans la pêcherie des Maldives : analyse des données de marquage au

  3. Radiative and climate impacts of absorbing aerosols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Aihua

    2010-01-01

    using autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles, Atmos Chem Phys,Maldives Autonomous unmanned aerial vehicle Campaign MACRVertical Sounder UAV unmanned aerial vehicle UV ultraviolet

  4. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia

  5. . 16 (9. ).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Mauritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua

  6. -TOEFL ITP -(S-TOPIK, TOEFL, IELTS, TEPS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Malta, Ma uritius, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Nigeria, Pakistan, Palau, Papua

  7. MSU at Work in Africa: A Unique Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South

  8. THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    , Guyana, India, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Liberia, Malawi

  9. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    Lesotho, Liberia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Mali, Malta,Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Mexico, Moldova,

  10. A Sociolinguistic Description of the Peranakan Chinese of Kelantan, Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Kok

    1993-01-01

    of in flu en c ed and b ecam e life, by "peranakan" manyand the S traits Settlem ents b ecam e the springboard for BChinese w e re when they b ecam e no t know n subjects of as

  11. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Jing Meng, Chivas Miho, Lambros Mitropoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prevedouros, Panos D.

    floodwaters and prevent spillover into communities near the Jalan Tun Perak Bridge Reduces traffic congestion. SMART requires a series of sharp bends. Turning the 4 story high drill 20m under ground is not easy. #12;Social Problems/Policy Changes Tunnel Safety :Fire Safety is a key focus of the SMART design. SMART

  12. A Sociolinguistic Description of the Peranakan Chinese of Kelantan, Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Kok

    1993-01-01

    parents, is also besid es d irec tly being transm ittedr than w ish es strategy, d irec tly directly^® o ftentim es

  13. Singapore's Water Trade with Malaysia and Alternatives By Diane Segal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    .......................................................................................... 4 Unit Conversion

  14. Prof. Dr. Jegatheswaran Ratnasingam Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of innovation Example Product innovation The development of a new or improved product Process innovation (TQM) systems, business process re-engineering (BPR) Production innovation Quality circles, just Organization on the innovation and human capital development in the South East Asian wood industry ­ ILO/WP/72

  15. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  16. Solar Voltaic Malaysia Sdn Bhd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing Capacity forSilicium deEnergyCompany Limited SPCSolarVision Jump to:Voltaic

  17. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |

  18. Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-Carbon

  19. Malaysia-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatec

  20. Malaysia-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatecInformation

  1. Malaysia-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsaInformation Carbon

  2. Off-grid energy services for the poor: Introducing LED lighting in the Millennium Villages Project in Malawi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modi, Vijay

    Institute and the School of Engineering and Applied Science, Columbia University, New York 10027, USA b UNDPOff-grid energy services for the poor: Introducing LED lighting in the Millennium Villages Project as a cost-competitive alternative to kerosene and other fuel-based lighting technologies, offering brighter

  3. GEOLOGY | Volume 43 | Number 9 | www.gsapubs.org 1 High-resolution paleoecological records from Lake Malawi show no

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GEOLOGY | Volume 43 | Number 9 | www.gsapubs.org 1 High-resolution paleoecological records from assemblages and sediment loading. Here we present the first paleoecological evidence from East Africa

  4. Donors versus dictators : the impact of multilateral aid conditionality on democratization : Kenya and Malawi in comparative context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clinkenbeard, Steven E., 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Donors versus Dictators examines the "exporting democracy debate" and the related issue of "nation-building" as manifested in the foreign aid relationship in the post-Cold War era. This dissertation centers on two in-depth ...

  5. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01

    People's Dem.Rep Latvia Liberia Malawi Myanmar Panama PeruLao People's Dem.Rep Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliDem.Rep Latvia Lesotho Liberia Libya Libya Lithuania

  6. How the rich world can help Africa help itself By Glenn Denning and Jeffrey Sachs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the fight against hunger and poverty. If G8 countries scale up their support to these homegrown efforts project in Malawi. When the G8 leaders meet in Germany, Malawi's quiet revolution should stand tall

  7. Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over1 Asian regions during 20002008: Regional Emission2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    of Russia/West Siberia WSIB Asian part of Russia/Ural URAL Kazakhstan KAZ Kyrgyzstan KGZ Tajikistan TJK Maldives MDV Asian part of Russia/Far East RCA FARE Asian part of Russia/East Siberia ESIB Asian part

  8. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    to Maldives of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Exports to Mali of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Exports to Malta of Crude...

  9. One source of uncertainty in fishery assessments based on tag release and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tagging experi- ment in which 504 skipjack tuna, Kat- suwonus pelamis, were double tagged, by using pelamis, off the Maldives M. Shiham Adam Renewable Resources Assessment Group T. H. Huxley School

  10. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01

    Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta MauritiusItaly Japan Kuwait Latvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius

  11. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2011) Program Mentor's Name Intern's name (Nationality or special condition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Muthusamy (India) PeiWen Hsiao Kind Leng Tong (Malaysia) SuMay Yu Ding Hua Lee (Malaysia) Paul siong Yeo (Malaysia) TehYing Chou Yvonne Fong Ling Yong (Malaysia) MST HuanCheng Chang nguyen

  12. Can Islam and "Islamization" Be a Force for Refugee Rights in Malaysia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seet, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    Sdn Bhd v. Liew Fook Chuan, 1 Malayan L.J. 481 (1996). GopalEquipment Sdn Bhd v. Liew Fook Chuan, 181 and by the FederalCouncil decision of Ong Ah Chuan v. Public Prosecutor, 198

  13. 2nd World Engineering Congress Sarawak, Malaysia,22-25 July 2002 2002 WEC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    laminates were unidirectional glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) that weighs 913 g/m3 . A layer of a cured FRP laminate is 1.0 mm thick. FRP strips were pultruded carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP Reinforced Plastic (FRP) laminates and strips in the field of structural engineering. Extensive applications

  14. Study on the financing mechanism and management for decommissioning of nuclear installations in Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saleh, Lydia Ilaiza Ryong, Kim Tae

    2015-04-29

    The whole cycle of the decommissioning process development of repository requires the relevant bodies to have a financial system to ensure that it has sufficient funds for its whole life cycle (over periods of many decades). Therefore, the financing mechanism and management system shall respect the following status: the national position, institutional and legislative environment, technical capabilities, the waste origin, ownership, characteristics and inventories. The main objective of the studies is to focus on the cost considerations, alternative funding managements and mechanisms, technical and non-technical factors that may affect the repository life-cycle costs. As a conclusion, the outcomes of this paper is to make a good recommendation and could be applied to the national planners, regulatory body, engineers, or the managers, to form a financial management plan for the decommissioning of the Nuclear Installation.

  15. Illegal logging on Penan traditional landin Sarawak, Malaysia (Photo by Angelo Musco)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Construction Services, Inc., Expands its LEED Building Operations LogoBee to Deliver Free Logo Makeover;Joining the World Resources Institute, the Environmental Investigation Agency, and the U.S. Agency is traded and produced," said Sascha von Bismarck, executive director of the Environmental Investigation

  16. Developing a model for explaining and forecasting international tourist arrivals from the major markets to Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Loi Young

    1996-01-01

    International tourism is a multibillion dollar industry today. The East Asia and Pacific Region registered a growth rate nearly three times the world average in the last decade. With such growth and increased competition, it is important...

  17. Can Islam and "Islamization" Be a Force for Refugee Rights in Malaysia?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seet, Matthew

    2013-01-01

    refoulement: Opinion, in Refugee Protection in Internationaland ‘Humanitarian’ Refugees: Customary International Law or13, 22. Deborah Anker, Refugee Law, Gender, and the Human

  18. Integrierte Internationale Studiengnge mit Doppelabschluss 2011/12 TU Ilmenau -Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knobloch,Jürgen

    Curriculum TUIL UTMSemester Courses Credit Courses Credi t Biosignal Processing 4 Physiological Signal Processing (Elective) 3 Image Processing in Medicine 4 Refer to semester 2 (Biomedical Image Processing gemeinsamer Abschluss vergeben: die TU Ilmenau vergibt "Master of Science (Biomedical Engineering)", die

  19. BRYANT UNIVERSITY--2013 TENTATIVE PROGRAM Sophomore International Experience Malaysia and singapore

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    (National Monument), Dataran Merdeka (Independence Square) and Sultan Abdul Samad Historic Building, Muzium (Artisan Village) and Petaling Street (Open-air Night Market ­ bargain prices Thursday, Jan 10 (Business Checkout 10.00am Sime Darby Plantation (Rubber and Palm Oil) Visit and Briefing 3.00pm Port Dickson Beach

  20. Heavy mineral distribution in stream sediment of Tapah area, Perak, Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sibon, Mahat Hj [Jabatan Mineral dan Geosains Malaysia, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia and Program Geologi, Pusat Pengajian Sains Sekitaran dan Sumber Alam, Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Jamil, Habibah; Umor, Mohd Rozi [Program Geologi, Pusat Pengajian Sains Sekitaran dan Sumber Alam, Fakulti Sains dan Teknologi, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Hassan, Wan Fuad Wan [Jabatan Geologi, Fakulti Sains Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2013-11-27

    This paper aims to provide the overview of occurrence, distribution and origin of the heavy minerals in the study area. A total of 45 selected stream sediment heavy mineral concentrate samples were panned using standard dulangs, dried and separated from other light minerals using bromoform. The heavy minerals were separated into different fractions at different amperes using Frantz Isodynamic magnetic separator. Mineral identification was done using binocular microscope augmented by X-ray diffraction analyses. Mineral abundance data were analysed graphically using triangular diagrams to show their origin. Dominant minerals present in the heavy mineral samples collected are ilmenite, cassiterite, tourmaline, zircon, topaz, and magnetite. The less common minerals, present in trace amounts are hematite, xenotime, allanite, monazite, rutile, anatase, leucoxene, chromite, garnet and olivine. Examination of the heavy mineral assemblage shows that they originated from granite batholiths of the Main Range, Changkat Rembian as well as from the metasedimentary rock in the area. The gold flakes present are found together with cassiterite and topaz indicating that gold originates from the mineralized veins contact-metamorphosed metasedimentary rocks. Almost all samples collected contain cassiterite grains in various amounts. From the mineral assemblage, the source of cassiterite originates from the mineralized quartz veins that cut granitic rocks of Main Range, Changkat Rembian as well as the metasedimentary rock in the area. Greisenized veins containing quartz, mica and tourmaline with the presence of wolframite and arsenopyrite also contribute to the presence of cassiterite in this study area.

  1. Malaysia-NIES Low-Carbon Society Scenarios 2050 | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects |NIES Low-Carbon Society

  2. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click

  3. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption

  4. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Million Cubic Feet)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015Decade Year-0 Year-1

  5. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousandThousand

  6. Malaysia-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power ElectronicsMakatec GmbHMalana

  7. Malaysia-NAMA Programme for the Construction Sector in Asia | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name:Power

  8. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand CubicThousand Cubic

  9. Malaysia-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsa

  10. Malaysia-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050EnermarGenerationMainsaInformation Carbon Asia

  11. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Million Cubic Feet)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L OIndonesia

  12. Price of Gulf of Mexico Natural Gas LNG Imports from Malaysia (Nominal

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaskaFeet) Decade(Dollars perDollars

  13. Price of Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Malaysia (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaskaFeet)Thousand CubicperDollarsper

  14. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  15. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Angola, Cameroon, Comoros, Gambia, Malawi, Mali, Sao TomeAfrican Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Democratic RepublicAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Democratic Republic of

  16. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia, Thailand, Ukraine, Vietnam, Zambia Southern Europe, Southern Asia, South America, Central America,...

  17. Invisible Men: Constructing Men Who Have Sex with Men as a Priority at UNAIDS and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Tara

    2013-01-01

    Government of Bangladesh. Government of Barbados. 2012. “Global AIDS Response Progress Report 2012, Barbados. ”Government of Barbados. Government of Malawi. 1994. “

  18. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia, FYR Madagascar MalawiTajikistan Mexico Portugal Macedonia, F.Y.R. LithuaniaRepublic Latvia Lithuania Macedonia, FYR Moldova Poland

  19. Measurements of aerosol vertical profiles and optical properties during INDOEX

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and the Kaashidhoo Climate Observatory (KCO) in the Maldives. Sun photometers were used to provide aerosol optical depths (AOD) needed to calibrate the MPL. This study focuses on the height distribution and optical trajectories, radiosonde profiles of temperature and humidity, and aerosol concentration and optical

  20. COLING 2014 The 25th International Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Southeast Asia, on the other hand, consists of Brunei, Burma Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan WSSANLP Invited Speaker Vincent Berment, INa, France (Director) Program Committee Sadaf Abdul Rauf, Fatima Jinnah Women University, Pakistan Nave

  1. Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duputel, Zacharie

    Real-time forecasting of the April 11, 2012 Sumatra tsunami Dailin Wang,1 Nathan C. Becker,1 David generated a tsunami that was recorded at sea-level stations as far as 4800 km from the epi- center, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Maldives issued tsunami warnings for their coastlines. The United States

  2. A qualitative exploration of the perspectives of mental health professionals on stigma and discrimination of mental illness in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanafiah, Ainul Nadhirah; Van Bortel, Tine

    2015-03-10

    health and ‘stigma’. Numerous researches have been conducted on stigma and discrimination of people with mental disorders. However, most of the literature investigates stigma from a cultural conception point of view, experiences of patients or public...

  3. LCD, low-temperature soldering and compound semiconductor : the sources, market, applications and future prospects of indium in Malaysia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong, Foo Nun

    2006-01-01

    Indium is a minor but very valuable metal. Decreasing supplies of indium from refining and increasing demands from LCD, low-temperature soldering and compound semiconductors have stimulated the indium price increase ...

  4. Simulation studies of a horizontal well producing from a thin oil-rim reservoir in the SSB1 field, Malaysia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdul Hakim, Hazlan

    1995-01-01

    heterogeneity as deduced from logs. Simulation results indicate that gas and water cresting are inevitable even at low oil production rate of 100 STB/D because of the thin oil column of only 45 feet. Continued production under the current gas/oil ratio limit...

  5. Zakat investment in Malaysia: a study of contemporary policy and practice in relation to Shari'a 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan Ahmad, Wan Marhaini

    2012-11-27

    Zakat is an obligatory payment that a free and rational Muslim who owns a certain amount of wealth has to observe. The idea of zakat investment was initiated by the belief that providing the poor and needy with a ...

  6. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tabMonthly","10/2015"

  7. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary"

  8. Incubating Innovation for Rural Electrification. Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-07-01

    In June, the team held a workshop on ''Low Carbon Sustainable Rural Electrification'' in Salima, Malawi. Co-organized with the Government of Malawi's Department of Energy, this event gathered participants from the energy, telecom, non-profit, banking sectors as well as from governmental and international agencies to discuss the potential development of private led off-grid electrification in Malawi where only 9% of the population has currently access to electricity. A very active participation provided us with insightful feedback and valuable recommendations.

  9. EU FLEGT Update Chatham House, January 20 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    discussions over past 6 months by VC ·Active internal debate on outstanding issues Malaysia Liberia Indonesia

  10. GT Human Resources PERSONAL DATA FORM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, Vietnam

  11. Abstract--Certified timber product is a market-linked tool to address the need for sustainable forest management and support

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Forest Certification schemes (PEFC). Malaysia has the world's largest area of certified tropical forest

  12. Revised 9/23/2009 Geography Competency Exam Study Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    countries/continents in the world in: o Agricultural production and forestry o Oil, Gas, and mineral Madagascar Malawi Mexico Morocco Myanmar Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria North & South Korea Norway P

  13. $6000 FUNDED INTERNSHIPS GCFSI sponsored internees are expected to work in developing countries on projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , to packaging, to transportation. Students will also be placed on projects related to workforce training, gender organizations (e.g. universities, industries, and NGOs) in Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, India, Vietnam, Nepal

  14. 3D visualisation techniques for communicating forest change information in Google Earth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rushforth, Alex

    2008-12-05

    Techniques for visualising forest change information using the ‘Google Earth’ online virtual globe were developed as a method of communicating remote sensing analysis to policy-makers and other non-technical audiences. For study areas in Malawi, GIS...

  15. Domestic Production as a Source of Marital Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Telalagic, Selma

    2012-10-09

    This paper argues that wives in developing countries use domestic labour as a tool to incentivise husbands, especially when they lack power and cannot credibly threaten divorce. In Malawi, husbands often supplement farm income with wage labour...

  16. Prediction of cow fertility based on productivity traits in dairy cattle under different production systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banda, Liveness Jessica

    2014-11-28

    A study to examine factors that influence dairy cattle fertility was conducted in the United Kingdom (UK) and Malawi. Productivity data from the UK comprising 56,014 records from 574 Holstein cows were retrieved from ...

  17. Communication Factors Affecting African Policymakers' Decisions about Agricultural Biotechnology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Begashaw, Belay Ejigu

    2010-10-12

    The purpose of this study was to develop a model for impacting decisions on agricultural biotechnology practices in food production among African policymakers. The research focused on three African countries, namely, South Africa, Malawi and Ghana...

  18. 10 17 14 20 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 129 127 150 161 - - 86 44 Energy Science - - 135 Republic of Nigeria 2 Republic of Madagascar 1 Republic of Malawi 1 Republic of Mali 1 Republic of South

  19. 10 18 14 18 23,000 100 1,700

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Nigeria 2 Ghana 1 Cameroon 1 Zambia 1 Morocco 1 Ethiopia 2 Zimbabwe 1 South Africa 2 Malawi 1 Swaziland 1

  20. Adding Fuel to the Fire; the Effect of Political Unrest on Forest Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duff, Alice

    2012-11-29

    The connection between forest fires and political unrest has been noted throughout the literature (see Thomas, 2012,) and in a number of countries including; Malawi, Madagascar, Kenya and Ethiopia (Kull, 2002, Hoffmann et ...

  1. Analysis of ancient-river systems by 3D seismic time-slice technique: A case study in northeast Malay Basin, offshore Terengganu, Malaysia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sulaiman, Noorzamzarina; Hamzah, Umar; Samsudin, Abdul Rahim

    2014-09-03

    Fluvial sandstones constitute one of the major clastic petroleum reservoir types in many sedimentary basins around the world. This study is based on the analysis of high-resolution, shallow (seabed to 500 m depth) 3D seismic data which generated three-dimensional (3D) time slices that provide exceptional imaging of the geometry, dimension and temporal and spatial distribution of fluvial channels. The study area is in the northeast of Malay Basin about 280 km to the east of Terengganu offshore. The Malay Basin comprises a thick (> 8 km), rift to post-rift Oligo-Miocene to Pliocene basin-fill. The youngest (Miocene to Pliocene), post-rift succession is dominated by a thick (1–5 km), cyclic succession of coastal plain and coastal deposits, which accumulated in a humid-tropical climatic setting. This study focuses on the Pleistocene to Recent (500 m thick) succession, which comprises a range of seismic facies analysis of the two-dimensional (2D) seismic sections, mainly reflecting changes in fluvial channel style and river architecture. The succession has been divided into four seismic units (Unit S1-S4), bounded by basin-wide strata surfaces. Two types of boundaries have been identified: 1) a boundary that is defined by a regionally-extensive erosion surface at the base of a prominent incised valley (S3 and S4); 2) a sequence boundary that is defined by more weakly-incised, straight and low-sinuosity channels which is interpreted as low-stand alluvial bypass channel systems (S1 and S2). Each unit displays a predictable vertical change of the channel pattern and scale, with wide low-sinuosity channels at the base passing gradationally upwards into narrow high-sinuosity channels at the top. The wide variation in channel style and size is interpreted to be controlled mainly by the sea-level fluctuations on the widely flat Sunda land Platform.

  2. c n Trung Quc n n n n Malaysia n Nam Phi monash.edu Ti sao cn hc i hc?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    trong hai mi nm qua. Các ngành ngh và khóa hc truyn thng ã thay i và danh sách các khóa hc cng nh c hi sinh viên hin ang theo hc cng là mt ngun thông tin tuyt vi tìm hiu v nhng la chn và cuc sng ti trng i tháng 9, mc dù các hc sinh cng có th np h s ngoài thi gian này. VTAC cng là ni con ca quý v có th np n

  3. Climate Variability and Change Hydrological Impacts (Proceedings of the Fifth FRIEND World Conference held at Havana, Cuba, November 2006) IAHS Publ. 308, 2006.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    of rainfall, streamflow, evapotranspiration and net radiation from three representative regions: Northern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. The method used is a Data-Based Mechanistic tool called Asia, focusing on three representative geographical areas: Northern Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia

  4. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    oil in Malaysia, and from rapeseed in Europe. Current biofuel production in Brazil cannot meet domestic demand

  5. Private versus public strategies for health service provision for improving health outcomes in resource limited settings: a systematic review.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    and private physicians in Macedonia. Health Policy 60: 67-$12,196 or more. Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius,

  6. Predicting species diversity in tropical forests Joshua B. Plotkina,b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    of Malaysia, Kepong, Malaysia 52109; kSarawak Forestry Department, Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia SW 93750; and l to the size of the area raised to some exponent. The exponent often turns out to be roughly 1 4. This power, individually identified trees from five tropical forests on three continents. Although the power law

  7. KU Today, March 26, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malawi: Africa Windmill Project Tuesday, March 26, 2013 7:30 p.m.-9 p.m. Dole Institute of Politics View all events TWITTER @jmarchiony List of schools whose men's and women's bkb teams reached the NCAA Sweet 16 last two years is very short... Malawi: Africa Windmill Project Tuesday, March 26, 2013 7:30 p.m.-9 p.m. Dole Institute of Politics View all events TWITTER @jmarchiony List of schools whose men's and women's bkb teams reached the NCAA Sweet 16 last two years is very short...

  8. Spotlight, March 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-03-01

    -wide initiative.” 5 Page 5 KU Center for Sustainability 3/26 Empowering & Sustaining Malawi: Africa Windmill Project with John Drake, 7:30 PM Dole Institute of Politics 3/28 3rd Annual Spring Symposium on the Scholarship of Diversity, 8:30 AM to 1...-wide initiative.” 5 Page 5 KU Center for Sustainability 3/26 Empowering & Sustaining Malawi: Africa Windmill Project with John Drake, 7:30 PM Dole Institute of Politics 3/28 3rd Annual Spring Symposium on the Scholarship of Diversity, 8:30 AM to 1...

  9. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  10. News | At Guelph http://www.uoguelph.ca/atguelph/08-10-08/newsharvesting.shtml 1 of 2 10/17/08 7:06 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raizada, Manish N.

    , they found a university student who is building energy windmills in his native Malawi. They also found one and difficulty in ensuring food safety for export markets. Some 800 million people around the world | Sitemap | Website Info University of Guelph | Guelph, Ontario, Canada | N1G 2W1 | Tel: 519-824-4120 © 2007

  11. 2005 The Society for the Study of Evolution. All rights reserved. Evolution, 59(3), 2005, pp. 686690

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kocher, Thomas D.

    . 686­690 GENETIC ARCHITECTURE SETS LIMITS ON TRANSGRESSIVE SEGREGATION IN HYBRID CICHLID FISHES R F2 hybrid population by crossing two closely related cichlid species from Lake Malawi in Africa transgressive seg- regation in our F2 population. We show that the genetic architecture of the cichlid jaw

  12. ANATOMY AND EVOLUTION OF THE TRIASSIC-JURASSIC CONTINENTAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of North America and Africa. These basins locally overprint the Appalachian orogen and involve, 1984; Rosendahl, 1987] and are also the prevalent architecture of transtensional regimes, at least within the Tanganyika-Rukwa-Malawi system in East Africa [Rosendahl et al., 1992; Scott et al., 1992

  13. SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    SUSTAINABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT (An Overview of Nigeria Experience) By Asapo, E. S. (PhD) 20th Development. The Nigeria Experience. Conclusion. #12;Development that meets the needs of present generations, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda projected to increase

  14. Sr. Achievement Awards - 7 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    environments for grain yield.....................69 Expected genetic gain .................................................................71 Preliminary assessment of MAS efficiency in testcrosses...... ...73 Population CML440/COMPE... and their standard errors (SE) for experiment CML441 x CML444 across all environments in Malawi and Zimbabwe in 2003 and 2004?????????????????????????????. 71 24 Expected genetic gain for grain yield (Mg ha-1) per environment for population CML441 x CML...

  15. Microsoft Word - 122006 - Mirant Potomac River LLC - Monthly...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Ireland Italy Japan Malaysia Netherlands Philippines Scotland Singapore Thailand Turkey Venezuela www.ensr.aecom.com www.ensr.aecom.com About ENSR ENSR Locations ENSR, an...

  16. World Institute for Nuclear Security Workshop at Y-12 Brings...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithuania, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Africa, Spain, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom and the United States...

  17. Multicast Audio: The Next Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perkins, C.S.; Hardman, V.; Kouvelas, I.; Sasse, M.A.; Proceedings of INET'97, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 1997 Internet Society [More Details

    Perkins,C.S. Hardman,V. Kouvelas,I. Sasse,M.A. Proceedings of INET'97, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 1997 Internet Society

  18. APS 2004 Conferences

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SPIE's 49th Annual Meeting. (Aug. 2-6) Denver, CO Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Engineering and Technology. (Aug. 3-5) Koto Kinabalu, Malaysia...

  19. Channing Huntington

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    working and traveling from April to November. I've visited Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Thailand, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Panama, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore,...

  20. Stories of the Twentieth Century for the Twenty-First

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gourinchas, Pierre-Olivier; Obstfeld, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Serbia,Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, and Slovenia all experiencedKazakhstan Korea Lebanon Macedonia Malaysia Mexico Nigeria

  1. ORIGINAL PAPER Fuelling the biodiversity crisis: species loss

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eltz, Thomas

    Isolation Á Malaysia Á Oil palm Introduction With the growing global demand for agricultural products oil is now the world's most traded oilseed crop with uses from cooking oil to biofuel (Carter et al% of the global palm oil crop was produced by Indonesia (43%) and Malaysia (42%) (FAOSTAT 2007), two countries

  2. Employer Location Aduro Hamilton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waikato, University of

    & Heavy Eng Berhad) Malaysia Mighty River Power Hamilton Milk Test NZ Hamilton NIWA Aquatic Pollutions Huntly Gisborne District Council Gisborne GNS Lower Hutt Grayson Engineering/ Mercer Group Ltd Auckland Consultants Ltd Tauranga MB century Wairakei Mecury Bay Engineering Whitianga Methanex Waitara Malaysia Marine

  3. This article was downloaded by: [the Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford], [Yadvinder Malhi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    to monitor aboveground biomass in forest and oil palm in Sabah, Malaysia, for 2000­2008 with Landsat ETM to monitor aboveground biomass in forest and oil palm in Sabah, Malaysia, for 2000­2008 with Landsat ETM or systematic reproduction, redistribution, reselling, loan, sub-licensing, systematic supply, or distribution

  4. WORLD RIVERS REVIEW June 2014 5 or over 200 consecutive days, indigenous Penan, Kenyah and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of Renewable Energy ("SCORE") is a component of Malaysia's nation- al development plan that proposes buildingBaramDam,inSarawak,Malaysia. They have successfully stalled the construction of this project, which would flood 400 square kilometers and environmental groups in Sarawak, argue that there is no need for such a destructive project when the nearby

  5. MYRDAL'S AND SMELSER'S THEORIES OF SOCIAL CHANGE: AN EXPLICATION AND APPLICATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosely, Ray

    1978-04-01

    nations at the "take-off" stage where there IS a multiplicity of programs: building school systems, creating capital markets, improving transportation, and supplying an effective agricultural extension service. The political pattern of these countries... occurred in the period of 1890 to 1920 in British Central Africa, what is now Rhodesia, Zambia, and Malawi. British colonists felt that the offer of money as wages would attract agricultural workers. The Bantu people, however, were unfamiliar with the idea...

  6. Occasional Papers in Sociology and Anthropology - Volume 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

    2003-01-01

    ; and strategies for achieving a desired future. The very expression, ethnicity has gained currency rather recently. As enumerated by Glazer an Moynihan (1975), the term was used for the first time around 1953 and it took decade before the same could get regular... .D in Anthropology. Laya Upreti/ Participatory Action Research... 19 Indonesia, and the Philippines) and African countries (Ghana, Cameroon, Zimbabwe and Malawi) countries. The ACM research in Nepal was a formal collaboration of the Ministry of the Forests and Soil...

  7. The role of gap phase processes in the biomass dynamics of tropical forests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chave, Jérôme

    Department, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand 4 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute Colorado Island (BCI), Panama; Pasoh and Lambir, Malaysia; and Huai Kha Khaeng (HKK), Thailand). We show in incoming solar radiation, in

  8. Unity in diversity : a design projection for a participatory housing in Kuala Lumpur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamad, Radziah

    1992-01-01

    This thesis is an exploration towards an alternative design approach for a public housing in Malaysia. It stems from a conviction that the design of public housing should be based on the lifestyles and ways of living of ...

  9. HIGHER EDUCATION FACILITIES MANAGEMENT: READY FOR INTERNATIONALIZATION? 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizuddin, N.; Yahya, M.

    2009-01-01

    The last ten years has seen dramatic growth in Facilities Management (FM) activities worldwide, including Malaysia. Facilities Management is responsible for coordinating all efforts related to planning, designing and managing physical structure...

  10. Ocean Solutions, Earth Solutions Coming in 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    , the launch of the White House Climate Data Initiative, and the search for the missing Malaysia Airlines for implementing the Coastal and Marine Ecological Classification Standard · How does climate change affect our

  11. A BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAM IN A TECHNOLOGY-FOCUSED UNIVERSITY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    needed to make a meaningful impact on an organization's success. WHAT MAKES THE UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS, including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico · Environmental Engineering · Finance · Industrial Engineering · Management Science · Marketing · Mathematics

  12. A BACHELOR'S DEGREE PROGRAM IN A TECHNOLOGY-FOCUSED UNIVERSITY.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    a meaningful impact on an organization's success. WHAT MAKES THE UNDERGRADUATE BUSINESS PROGRAM AT STUART, including Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico · Chemical Engineering · Chemistry · Computer Science · Electrical Engineering · Environmental Engineering

  13. CORECT: Committee on Renewable Energy Commerce and Trade, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    An overview of the activities of CORECT (Committee on Renewable Energy, Commerce and Trade) for 1991 is presented as a series of highlights and photographs of projects underway in Mexico, Guatemala, Montserrat, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, and others.

  14. Water Hammer Elimination: A Case Study 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkatesan, V. V.; Harun, S. D.; Karthikeyan, P. S.

    2005-01-01

    CASE STUDY VEN V. VENKATESAN, SAMSUDIN DATO HARUN, P. S. KARTHIKEYAN, Director of Engineering, Manager (Process Engineering), Senior Manager, Technical Services Armstrong Service, Inc. MTBE Malaysia Sdn Bhd. 8545 Commodity Circle...

  15. "International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 177

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    . England, 10. Iran, 11. Iraq, 12. Jordan, 13. Kenya, 14. Kuwait, 15. Lebanon, 16. Malaysia, 17. Morocco, 18, Physics, Egypt 55. Dr Lobna Saleh, Physics, Egypt, 56. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser

  16. It is an honor and great pleasure for the Department of Mathematics Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta INDONESIA, to be entrusted by the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    University, Yogyakarta ­ INDONESIA, to be entrusted by the South East Asian Mathematical Society (SEAMS, Nepal, Taiwan, The Netherlands, Germany, Oman, Malaysia, Singapore, The Philippines, and Indonesia (Japan), Prof. H. Marubayashi (Japan), Prof. Y. Hirano (Japan), Prof. Hendra Gunawan (Indonesia), Prof

  17. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201213

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    . At Princeton, we are committed to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm of Malaysia Mexico Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Pakistan Peru Poland Portugal Romania Singapore South

  18. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Kenya Korea, Republic of Lebanon Malaysia Mexico Mongolia New Zealand Nigeria

  19. Anti-inflammatory and Cytotoxic Activities of Mango (Mangifera indica L. var Keitt) Polyphenols in Cancer and Non-cancer Breast Fibroblasts in Vitro 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arbizu Berrocal, Shirley

    2013-08-12

    , Gedong, Golek, Madu, Manalagi Israel Haden, Tommy Atkins, Keitt, Maya, Nimrod, Kent, Palmer Malaysia Apple Rumani, Arumanis, Golek, Kuala Selangor 2, Malgoa Myanmar Aug Din, Ma Chit Su, Sein Ta Lone, Shwe Hin Tha Pakistan Anwar Ratol...

  20. Students from India at a Major Research University in the United States: A Phenomenological Study of Transition, Adjustment, and Transformation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chennamsetti, Prashanti

    2011-08-08

    ). A sample size of 2,307 students from eight Asian countries, representing Mainland China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and Brunei and 349 students from three European countries representing Finland, Germany and Spain...

  1. A numerical analysis of condenser performance of a seawater desalination system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohamed, Hassan, S.B. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    This thesis presents the numerical analysis of three type condensers for desalination of seawater system. The condensers that were analyzed were a finned tube condenser that was built in Malaysia desalination plant, a ...

  2. Regional tectonics, differential subsidence, and sediment dispersal patterns: implications for sediment flux to the southern South China Sea and regional filling of sedimentary Basins during Pliocene to the Recent time 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, Mychal Roland

    2003-01-01

    The Nam Con Son, Malay, and West Natuna basins, located offshore of SE Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia, initially formed during Eocene(?)-Oligocene rifting, and underwent inversion during Miocene time. Following cessation of tectonic activity...

  3. heriot-watt UNiVerSitY Creating Opportunity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    of the most critical drivers for Malaysia's transformation to a high-income nation, with its impact Alison Goligher OBE, Master of Engineering in Petroleum Heriot-Watt Alumni Get In Touch #12;Welcome

  4. Geochemical and sedimentological investigations of Youngest Toba Tuff ashfall deposits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatti, Emma

    2013-03-12

    sedimentological structures and geometry ...................................................... 90 5.5 Discussion .......................................................................................................................... 91 5.5.1 The local... ..................................................... 97 5.6 Conclusion ......................................................................................................................... 97 CHAPTER 6. DEPOSITIONAL PROCESSES AND SEDIMENTOLOGY OF YTT DEPOSITS IN THE LENGGONG VALLEY, MALAYSIA...

  5. Issue Specific Explanations of China-ASEAN Relationship: Applying the Realist and Constructivist Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Wei-hsieh

    2010-12-29

    islands in South China Sea are a collection of coral reefs, atolls and sand bars covering seventy thousand square miles, whose sovereignty is partly or wholly claimed by China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei and the Philippines (Dosch 2008... Afloat Readiness and Training (CARAT) was an anti-terror program that included six ASEAN countries: Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Brunei. Indeed, the U.S. holds annual CARAT joint exercises with the six countries...

  6. Energy resources in southern Africa: a select bibliography

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavan, A.

    1981-01-01

    The aims, progress, and possibilities involved in Southern Africa's energy development are the subject of this 473-item bibliography. The primary items of information described in this document are relatively recent (1975-81), originate from both indigenous and international sources, and are mostly in English, although a few are in French and Portuguese. The presented information focuses on the African continent, the Southern African region, and the nations of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The energy source topics include alcohol, coal, gas, oil, solar, uranium, water, wind, and wood; as well as a general energy-development category.

  7. Temporal Patterns of Diversification across Global Cichlid Biodiversity (Acanthomorpha: Cichlidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMahan, Caleb D.; Chakrabarty, Prosanta; Sparks, John S.; Smith, William Leo; Davis, Matthew P.

    2013-08-19

    of the family Cichlidae, which is consistent with previous Gondwanan vicariance hypotheses that have explained the present distribution of cichlid taxa in Madagascar, India/Sri Lanka, Africa, Iran, and Central and South America (e.g., [23,24,46,47]). Our results... for the adaptive character of the Tanganyikan cichlid fish radiations. Evolution 61: 560–578. 18. Chakrabarty P (2005) Testing conjectures about morphological diversity in cichlids of lakes Malawi and Tanganyika. Copeia 2005: 359–373. 19. Rabosky DL (2006) LASER: a...

  8. Nuclear energy: Where do we go from here?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muslim, Dato’ Dr Noramly

    2015-04-29

    As Malaysia progresses towards 2020, the depleting resource of oil and gas has forced a re-look at alternatives to replace fossil fuels as energy sources. Among the viable options is nuclear energy, enabling us to meet energy needs and sustain national development in the twenty-first century. Three essential steps Malaysia must take to introduce nuclear power into its energy mix are: energy planning, infrastructure development, and deployment. Malaysia has to face a series of challenges, including public acceptance, waste management, minimizing proliferation risk, and ensuring the security of nuclear plants and materials. Timely development of qualified and competent manpower is a key limiting factor in the development and transfer of nuclear technologies — and education and training take time, effort and money. There is a need for political will. Within the Asian region, China, Korea and Japan are in the forefront in utilizing nuclear power to meet electricity demands. Countries such as UAE, Bangladesh, Vietnam and Turkey are moving ahead with the nuclear option for electricity generation and they have begun planning and construction of nuclear power plants. Against this backdrop, what are Malaysia’s moves? This paper discusses various options and challenges, obstacles and repercussions in meeting future energy demands.

  9. Fourth Interview with Sir Eli Lauterpacht - 20 March 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dingle, Lesley; Bates, Daniel

    2008-06-19

    at environmental impact assessment. There Malaysia obtained a measure of success. Not that the land reclamation was stopped, but that it was to be controlled and developed in discussion with Malaysia. So I have had a continuing interest in environmental... tariffs in which eventually the tribunal decided in favour of Canada. It was a complex technical case; I won’t bother you with the details. 84. 1997. US/Mexico (Metalclad) case. Then there was another case, also under the same agreement [LD...

  10. chariots of fire Tom McNab recalls the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    communities? malcolm baird As I remember it Strathclyde A u T u M N 2 0 0 7 Improving world health Why. And that's no idle boast. Triple accreditation puts us in the top 1% of the world's schools. It IS ALSO AT BAHRAIN DUBAI ABU DHABI HONG KONG GREECE MALAYSIA OMAN SHANGHAI SINGAPORE ZURICH THE ELITE 1

  11. Heriot-Watt University: Equality Impact Assessment Form School All Schools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    . To ensure compliance with the Examinations and other assessment held around the world in different time examinations requiring to be run at UK, Dubai and Malaysia Campuses, as well as in a significant number zones set up in accordance with the Examinations and other assessment held around the world in different

  12. annual statistics 2O13-2014 Distinctly Global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasbey, Chris

    - Postgraduate Research (On-campus Scotland) 12 ­ 14 - On-campus Dubai 15 ­ 16 - Undergraduate Exchange, Non and International) 23 ­ 24 - First and Higher Degrees (On-campus Dubai) 25 6 UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT PROGRESSION (ALL, Orkney, Dubai, Malaysia The University's main Edinburgh campus comprises 380 acres of parkland

  13. Sensitivity of population smoke exposure to fire locations in Equatorial Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    ://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/). 1. Introduction Global palm oil production has more than doubled since 2000 in response to soaring demand (FAO, 2013). Indonesia and Malaysia together account for 86% of the world's production online 19 September 2014 Keywords: Equatorial Asia Adjoint Palm oil Fire Conservation Population

  14. Sensitivity of population smoke exposure to fire locations in Equatorial Asia1 Patrick S. Kim1,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mickley, Loretta J.

    , Fire, Conservation, Population-Exposure52 53 1. Introduction54 55 Global palm oil and Malaysia together account for 86% of the57 world's production and Indonesia plans to double its output for conversion to32 oil palm plantations, can lead to high smoke concentrations across this densely populated

  15. Policy Choice:Forest or Fuel? The demand for biofuels, driven by the desire to reduce fossil fuel use and CO2 emissions, has resulted in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , the global production of palm oil increased 4.6-fold from 4.5 million to 20.9 million tonnes per year. (1). · Indonesia and Malaysia produce 88 % of the world's palm oil. · Nearly half of a projected 57% increase in palm oil production is due to biofuel demand (3) · Palm oil price is up 70% in 2007 (11

  16. Using Satellite Fire Detection to Calibrate Components of the Fire Weather Index System in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Field, Robert

    Using Satellite Fire Detection to Calibrate Components of the Fire Weather Index System in Malaysia, Indonesia ABSTRACT / Vegetation fires have become an increasing problem in tropical environments as a consequence of socioeconomic pressures and subsequent land-use change. In response, fire management systems

  17. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.1124 , 3923-3931 first published online 25 July 20122792012Proc. R. Soc. B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moorcroft, Paul R.

    in tree growth rates across four Variability in solar radiation and temperature explains Supplementary to on October 4, 2012rspb.royalsocietypublishing.orgDownloaded from #12;Variability in solar radiation, Thailand 5 Forest Environment Division, Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, Kepong, Kuala Lumpur 52109

  18. Effects of Black Carbon Aerosols on the Indian Monsoon GERALD A. MEEHL, JULIE M. ARBLASTER,* AND WILLIAM D. COLLINS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arblaster, Julie

    radiation reaching the surface during the dry season, as noted in previous studies. The increased meridional, Thailand, and Malaysia, as seen in observations. During the summer monsoon season, the model experiments of India, Bangladesh, Burma, and Thailand. Analysis of single ensemble members from the multiple

  19. 5.1 ______________________ Climate regulation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    , Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor-Leste and Vietnam the hydrology of SE Asia are the precipitation and net radiation. The delivery of precipitation to the land is generated by convective cells. The high input of solar radiation in the tropical SE Asia gives rise to high

  20. National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis Prepared by: Koh Mok Poh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desk Study on National Woodfuels and Wood Energy Information Analysis MALAYSIA Prepared by: Koh Mok.(Hoi, 1991) With the urbanisation of the population and an increasing standard of living, the energy shift area. d) Being a poor man's fuel, it can not command inflationary fair price e) The increasing cost

  1. Figure 1 (a) Gatewing imagery, nest collectors longhouse, Gomantong. (b) Gatewing imagery draped over reconstructed digital surface model, Gomantong Hill.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McFarlane, Donald A.

    AND AUTONOMOUS DRONE SURFACE-HOTOGRAMMETRY AT GOMANTONG CAVES, SABAH, MALAYSIA D. A. McFarlane1 , M. Buchroithner, by integrating aerial photogrammetry using an autonomous drone, three-dimensional cave laser scanning over the site using a Gatewing X100 autonomous drone (http://www.gatewing. com/X100), an aerial vehicle

  2. The Importance of Asia Economic and Geopolitical Considerations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riley, Shawn J.

    million · #1 China: 1,368 million · #2 India: 1,268 million · #4 Indonesia: 255 million · #6 Pakistan: 189: 7.5% · China: 7.3% · Egypt: 6.8% · Malaysia: 5.8% · Pakistan: 5.4% · Indonesia 5.0% · Source Sea #12;Territorial Disputes: South Asia · China-India dispute · Large areas under dispute · Pakistan

  3. Successful Economic Development in a Multi-Ethnic Society: The Malaysian Case Donald R. Snodgrass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    inequality by undertaking an ambitious affirmative action program -- the New Economic Policy, or NEP questions arise. One is counterfactual: what would have happened in Malaysia in 1970-90 if the NEP had of measures to change the distribution of income and wealth, the analysis suggests that the NEP may actually

  4. FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION BOARD OF TRUSTEES John W. Culver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    , Wash. John Culver is president of Starbucks Coffee China and Asia Pacific. In this role, Culver provides overall leadership to Starbucks company-operated markets in China, Australia, Singapore Starbucks joint-venture and licensed operations in Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines

  5. Soluciones a Problemas de Ingenieria de Rios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    and Environmental Engineering Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 pierre@engr.colostate.edu November 19, 2008 Jiutepec, Mexico Presentation Overview 1. Flashflood in Malaysia 2. Upland Erosion Control 3: Flashflood Impact Example: Vargas Mountains, Venezuela #12;43 #12;44 #12;45 Los Corales Los Corales #12

  6. Sabah barge-mounted power plant in service

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barker, T.

    1995-03-01

    The world`s largest barge-mounted simple-cycle power plant, constructed by the Sabah Shipyards in Malaysia, is now in service in the Philippines. Construction of similar barges from Westinghouse should begin shortly. This paper discusses in brief the projects in progress at present and prospects in the Asian market from the perspective of the manufacturers.

  7. Promoting responsible FM & timber trade in South East Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    5 Import countries account for >55% from 04-07 Top 5 Export trade partners Account for >62% from 04-07 Malaysia U S Indonesia· ·Russia Thailand U S Japan China HK U K Korea #12;Theory of Change Land Manager

  8. Jnosi Imre Krmn Krnyezeti ramlsok Hallgati Laboratrium,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jánosi, Imre M.

    kiadások + export - import purchasing power parity (PPP) vásárlóer-paritás #12;#12;fertilitás (termékenység,000 GDP per capita (PPP, $2000) PrimaryEnergypercapita(GJ) Source: UN and DOE EIA Russia data 1992-2004 only US Australia Russia Brazil China India S. Korea Mexico Ireland Greece France UK Japan Malaysia

  9. Action on illegal logging: measuring UNECE/FAO and WTO workshop: Emerging trade measures in timber markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa Russia PNG & Solomons Malaysia Indonesia Burma Brazil #12;5 Exports to sensitive markets (1) · `Sensitive' markets: Australia, EU, New Zealand, US · Exports from producer countries to sensitive market to plywood exports to Nigeria ­ Cameroon's share is also falling (90%-70%), due to logs going to China

  10. Seneca Creek Associates, LLC Wood Resources International, LLC "Illegal" Logging and Global Wood Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    products exporters competing in the global market. This study was commissioned by the American Forest of illegally produced and traded wood products on the ability of U.S. producers to export into key overseas · Indonesia · Japan · Malaysia · Europe (EU-15) · West/Central Africa · Russia Collectively, these countries

  11. PACIFIC ECONOMIC BULLETIN Pacific Economic Bulletin Volume 22 Number 1 March 2007 Asia Pacific Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Malaysia, and Russia, and claimed that1 · each year, US$23 billion of forest products are produced globally traded globally is of suspicious origin, and · if all exports associated with illegally harvested logs would enable the United States to increase its sawnwood, wood panel and roundwood exports by over US$460

  12. Interview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacques, Martin; Macfarlane, Alan

    up in 1973) and I had no children; now with money and time, a friend who had just been to East Asia encouraged me to go to Hong Kong, Southern China, Singapore, ending on an island off Malaysia to enjoy the sun; it was a holiday that changed my life...

  13. Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recorded as M. cf. rasilis from Malaysia, Australia and Papua New Guinea (Dürrschmidt & Croome 1985, Vyverman & Cronberg 1993), and as M. rasilis from Australia and Central Europe (Croome & Tyler 1988 with distilled water and the cells on the fil- ter were dehydrated through a graded ethanol series. The filter

  14. SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS SEPTEMBER 18, 2013 #12;No. 1 SABIC BY THE NUMBERS #12;No. 2 OUR GLOBAL Technology Centers United States of America · Netherlands · Spain · Saudi Arabia · India · China Application · Malaysia · South Korea · Japan #12;No. 3 INGENUITY DRIVEN BY TECHNOLOGY & INNOVATION Practical innovation

  15. Oil palm vegetation liquor: a new source of phenolic bioactives Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinskey, Anthony J.

    Oil palm vegetation liquor: a new source of phenolic bioactives Ravigadevi Sambanthamurthi1 *, Yew , Krishnan Subramaniam5 , Soon-Sen Leow1 , Kenneth C. Hayes6 and Mohd Basri Wahid1 1 Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang Selangor, Malaysia 2 Malaysian Palm Oil

  16. Postgraduate Prospectus 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    Studies 141 Economics 142 Education 143 Geography 145 Law 147 Methods and Data 148 Politics and International Relations 149 Sociology and Social Policy 151 Overseas campuses 153 China Campus 155 Malaysia of Engineering 81 Research divisions Architecture and Urbanism 83 Electrical Systems and Optics 85 Energy

  17. Postgraduate Prospectus 2014 The UK's global university

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Politics and International Relations 154 Sociology and Social Policy 155 International campuses 156 China An alumni community of over graduates 200,000 international campuses in China and Malaysia and strong links and Urbanism 90 Electrical Systems and Optics 91 Energy and Sustainability 92 Infrastructure and Geomatics 93

  18. Postgraduate Prospectus 2015 Britain's global university

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Systems and Optics 77 Energy and Sustainability 78 Infrastructure, Geomatics and Architecture 80 132 Methods and Data 133 Politics and International Relations 134 Sociology and Social Policy 135 International campuses 136 China Campus 138 Malaysia Campus 140 Further information 142 Sources of funding 144

  19. McGuffey Art Center Spotlight Series SCIENCE & ART PROJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    the psychological effects of social and political trauma, natural disaster or illness on individuals, families, China, Israel, Malaysia, South #12;Korea, New Zealand, Japan, Canada and Taiwan. To learn more, visit as a like-minded community using psychodrama, shamanic energy medicine, and art therapy. #12;

  20. Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blake, Edwin

    Moving away from Erindi-roukambe: Transferability of a rural community-based co-design Heike have fostered and enriched design decisions. Recognizing that indigenous rural communities our approach at three other rural sites, two in Namibia and one in East Malaysia. The communities

  1. INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCE (ICAPS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE 2ND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ADVANCES IN PLANT SCIENCE (ICAPS) Prepared by Waafeka Vardien (Stellenbosch University) The second International Conference on Advances in Plant Sciences in November (2014 in Sarawak, Malaysia. The aim of the conference was to showcase advances in botanical research

  2. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 54 (2010) 163170 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lupi, Frank

    2010-01-01

    , Malaysia b Department of Agriculture, Food and Resource Economics, Michigan State University, Agriculture: Recycling Drop-off programs Drop-off sites Curbside programs Waste management Recycling behavior a b s t r a c t To reduce the amount of waste entering landfills, policymakers and governments have implemented

  3. HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR FOR FLOOD CONTROL: A CASE STUDY ON RINGLET RESERVOIR, CAMERON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    HYDROPOWER RESERVOIR FOR FLOOD CONTROL: A CASE STUDY ON RINGLET RESERVOIR, CAMERON HIGHLANDS, Malaysia 4 Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Colorado State University, USA ABSTRACT: Hydropower as possible for daily hydropower generation as well as to prevent any spillage at dam. However

  4. Presentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the production chain MalaysiaResearch and development in energy alternative from biomass through briquetting and forest industries GhanaDevelopment of energy alternatives for the efficient utilization of woodPresentation 2.6: Wood waste for energy: lessons learnt from tropical regions Paul Vantomme

  5. SUSSEX UNIVERSITY School of Global Studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    & Migration in a Muslim Craft Community of North India February 10th Lauren Greenwood (Sussex University(Leiden University) The Devotion to Santa Muerte: Crisis, Violence and Popular Religiosity in Mexico March 3rd: Migration Brokers and Employers in the Indonesia-Malaysia Borderland #12;

  6. Technology report INTERIORS IMATERIALS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.

    by 40% Today's electric vehicle (EV) batteries can pro- vide only enough power to propel them 100 mi bank. Thermal battery "A thermal battery charges and discharges much like an electrical battery, except, Mexico,United Kingdom, Taiwan, Russia, Belarus, Egypt, Hong Kong, Romania,Italy, Malaysia, Ukraine

  7. Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics, ed. M. Bonell and L.A. Bruijnzeel. Published by Cambridge University Press. UNESCO 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    Forests, Water and People in the Humid Tropics, ed. M. Bonell and L.A. Bruijnzeel. Published Minimising the hydrological impact of forest harvesting in Malaysia's rain forests to the use of tracked vehicles ('skidders') and haulage lorries, such extraction is slow and costly

  8. Astronomical and Astrophysical Transactions, 2000, Vol. 00, pp. 1{4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gnedin, Oleg Y.

    from the publisher Photocopying permitted by license only c 2000 OPA (Overseas Publishers Association) N.V. Published by license under the Gordon and Breach Science Publishers imprint Printed in Malaysia and second order energy changes of stars with the initial energy per unit mass E (Gnedin, Lee & Ostriker 1999

  9. Copyright 2008, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fossen, Haakon

    Copyright 2008, International Petroleum Technology Conference This paper was prepared for presentation at the International Petroleum Technology Conference held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3­5 December not been reviewed by the International Petroleum Technology Conference and are subject to correction

  10. List of Accepted Summer Interns (2013) May-June Batch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    .-K. Chou Narai**** Chin*** (THAILAND) Dr. George T.F. Wong MCB Sand*** Satap****(INDIA) Dr. Cheng** Sah** (INDIA) Dr. Yeng-Long Chen Sanch*** Bis*** (INDIA) Dr. Chia-Fu Chou Sach** Vi*** Mul** (INDIA**** (PHILIPPINES) Dr. Paul E. Verslues HEN** AKR*** DO** (GHANA) KA* SYUA* L** (MALAYSIA) Dr. Pei-Wen Hsiao Mu

  11. Towards sustainable land administration systems: Designing for long-term value creation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3-7-2014 1 Towards sustainable land administration systems: Designing for long-term value creation Zevenbergen Towards sustainable land administration systems Designing for long-term value creation `There, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 16 ­ 21 June 2014 3-7-2014 2 Towards sustainable land administration systems

  12. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  13. Issue 5 October 2010 Why Free Plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simonson, Shai

    'Silva). A lot of people have been compar- ing Hacker Monthly to Wired (or the old Wired), and Ruben's article contact@hackermonthly.com Published by Netizens Media 46, Taylor Road, 11600 Penang, Malaysia. HACKER MONTHLY is the print magazine version of Hacker News -- news.ycombinator.com -- a social news website

  14. PostQuantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin D oring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama

  15. Post-Quantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann Carlos Coronado Martin Doring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Abstract Digital signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other signatures have become a key technology for making the Internet and other IT infrastructures secure. Digital, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland

  16. Root Morphological and Physiological Bases to Understand Genotypic Control of Mineral Acquisition in Rice Grains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittoori, Ratnaprabha 1982-

    2012-11-28

    differences. 2. Root traits of high grain-Mo genotypes and acid tolerance ? Most of the genotypes selected for high grain-Mo originated from Malaysia, or nearby Brunei, characterized by acidic soils where Mo is strongly adsorbed to soil and not readily...

  17. Global Trends in High Performance Research and Education Networking (REN)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Javed I.

    of history, having people who understand your thought is much greater security than another submarine." -J ignorance" -Derek Bok, -President Emeritus, Harvard #12;INTERNET2INTERNET2 US universities always needed, Malaysia, 2006 Internet, Internet2 and RENInternet, Internet2 and REN · Internet emerged as ARPANET

  18. Opportunities in African power generation: A business briefing for industry and investment executives. Held in Baltimore, Maryland, June 21-22, 1995. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-21

    The report, prepared by the Institute of International Education, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The information contained in the report was compiled in part for a power generation conference held in Baltimore, Maryland. The focus of the report is the market created by electric power projects financed by multilateral development banks. The study contains country information and project profiles related to the energy sector for eleven countries: Benin, Botswana, Cote D`Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Morocoo, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The report also outlines the range of service opportunities in the region such as consulting, engineering, construction and project management, and equipment procurement. It is divided into the following sections: (1) Agenda/Program; (2) African Energy Sector Overview; (3) Project Profiles; (4) Country Information; and (5) Attendees.

  19. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  20. Household energy use in non-OPEC developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandez, J.C.

    1980-05-01

    Energy use in the residential sector in India, Brazil, Mexico, the Republic of Korea, the Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, and Guatemala is presented. Whenever possible, information is included on the commercial fuels (oil, gas, coal, and electricity) and on what are termed noncommercial fuels (firewood, animal dung, and crop residues). Of special interest are the differences in the consumption patterns of urban and rural areas, and of households at different income levels. Where the data allow, the effect of household size on energy consumption is discussed. Section II is an overview of the data for all eight countries. Section III examines those areas (India, Brazil, Mexico City) for which data exist on the actual quantity of energy consumed by households. Korea, the Sudan, and Pakistan, which collect data on household expenditures on fuels, are discussed in Section IV. The patterns of ownership of energy-using durables in Malaysia and Guatemala are discussed in Section V. (MCW)

  1. Supramolecular Polymer Networks Based on Cucurbit[ 8]uril Host-Guest Interactions as Aqueous Photo- Rheological Fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Cindy S.Y.; del Barrio, Jesús; Liu, Ji; Scherman, Oren A.

    2015-08-11

    and reversibly change the rheological properties of these smart fluids, upon application of an external stimulus, have made them attrac- tive for intelligent devices, such as valves, haptic controllers, tac- tile displays, clutches and shock absorbers of vehicles... of the azoben- zene photoswitch, bestowed by the dynamic CB[8]-guest interac- tions, could thus be valuable for use in microscale flow-control devices and sensors. 4 Acknowledgements C.S.Y.T. thanks Ministry of Education of Malaysia and MARA University...

  2. Resveratrol tetramer of hopeaphenol isolated from Shorea johorensis (Dipterocarpaceae)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aisha, Farra; Din, Laily B.; Yaacob, W. A. [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    Hopeaphenol (1) as a resveratrol tetramer was isolated from the bark of Shorea johorensis collected from Imbak Canyon, Sabah, Malaysia. The structure of this compound was determined by the spectroscopic evidences using {sup 1}H- and {sup 13}C-NMR assigned with HSQC, HMBC, {sup 1}H?{sup 1}H COSY and {sup 1}H?{sup 1}H NOESY spectra, mass spectrum, and by comparison with reported data.

  3. Corruption and Sustainable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aidt, Toke S.

    the exploitation of natural resources to corruption is also abundant, ranging from kick-backs associated with logging concessions in Malaysia and Indonesia to oil concessions in Nigeria. (Rose-Ackerman (1999, chapter 3) provides many more examples... . It is used to account for energy depletion, mineral depletion, and net forest depletion by subtracting an estimate of the relevant resource rents from net national savings. These rents are calculated as the market price of the resource minus average...

  4. Diversity within Unity: Import Laws of Islamic Countries on Haram (Forbidden) Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhala, Raj; Keating, Shannon

    2014-05-15

    Not surprisingly, different Islamic Members of the WTO have staked out different positions; Indonesia and Malaysia take a liberal view, permitting importation, while Brunei and Pakistan bar it.44 Brunei has a tiny exception for small amounts of beer or wine... Global Alcohol Policy: Current Directions, in ALCOHOL: SCIENCE, POLICY, AND PUBLIC HEALTH 395, 396 (Peter Boyle et al. eds., 2013); see Tables. 45. See Brunei Darussalam: Alcohol Advisory, TRIP ADVISOR (Sept. 16, 2010), http://www.tripadvisor.com/ Travel...

  5. Development and methodology of level 1 probability safety assessment at PUSPATI TRIGA Reactor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maskin, Mazleha; Tom, Phongsakorn Prak; Lanyau, Tonny Anak; Saad, Mohamad Fauzi; Ismail, Ahmad Razali; Abu, Mohamad Puad Haji [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, MOSTI, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Brayon, Fedrick Charlie Matthew [Atomic Energy Licensing Board, MOSTI, 43800 Dengkil, Selangor (Malaysia); Mohamed, Faizal [Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12

    As a consequence of the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in Japan, the safety aspects of the one and only research reactor (31 years old) in Malaysia need be reviewed. Based on this decision, Malaysian Nuclear Agency in collaboration with Atomic Energy Licensing Board and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia develop a Level-1 Probability Safety Assessment on this research reactor. This work is aimed to evaluate the potential risks of incidents in RTP and at the same time to identify internal and external hazard that may cause any extreme initiating events. This report documents the methodology in developing a Level 1 PSA performed for the RTP as a complementary approach to deterministic safety analysis both in neutronics and thermal hydraulics. This Level-1 PSA work has been performed according to the procedures suggested in relevant IAEA publications and at the same time numbers of procedures has been developed as part of an Integrated Management System programme implemented in Nuclear Malaysia.

  6. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  7. Gamma greenhouse: A chronic facility for crops improvement and agrobiotechnology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azhar, M. Ahsanulkhaliqin, A. W.

    2014-02-12

    Gamma irradiation is one of the most common procedures in plant mutagenesis and agrobiotechnology activities. The procedures consist of chronic and acute gamma radiation. Generally, {sup 60}Co and {sup 137}Cs are gamma radiation sources for radiation processing with relatively high energy (half-life 5.27 years for {sup 60}Co and 30.1 years for {sup 137}Cs). The energy associated with gamma radiation is high enough to break the molecular bonds and ionize atoms without affecting structure of the atomic nucleus (avoiding induction of radioactivity). The Gamma Green House (GGH) is the only chronic irradiation facility in Malaysia, located at Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia). GGH is used for induction of mutation in plants and other biological samples at low dose radiation over period of time depending on the nature and sensitivity of the plant species. The GGH consist of circular green house with 30 meters radius, control room and irradiator with interlock system. The irradiator produces low dose gamma radiation derived from Caesium-137 radioactive source. The biological samples can be exposed to low dose radiation in days, weeks, months or years. The current irradiation rate for GGH is 2.67 Gy/hr at 1 meter from the source. Chronic gamma irradiation produces a wider mutation spectrum and useful for minimizing radiation damages towards obtaining new improved traits for research and commercial values. The prospect of the gamma greenhouse is its uses in research, educations and services on induced mutation techniques for the improvement of plant varieties and microbes. In generating awareness and attract users to the facility, Nuclear Malaysia provides wide range of irradiation services for plant species and mutagenesis consultancies to academicians, students scientists, and plant breeders, from local universities, other research institutes, and growers. Charges for irradiation and consultancy services are at nominal rates. The utilization activities of the gamma greenhouse mainly cover Research and Development, Research Collaboration, Exchange of Information, Irradiation Services, Training Programs, Education, Exchange of Scientists and Seminars/ Conferences.

  8. International oil companies in the Far East

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mlotok, P.

    1984-10-01

    All of the major international oil companies have extensive operations in the Far East, and in most cases, these operations account for a significant part of their worldwide earnings. In the refining and marketing end of the business, near-term profitability could be hampered by problems in the Singapore refining center. An expansion of Indonesian refining capacity has reduced profits from processing arrangements, and new Saudi product exports will enter Singapore starting this year. Longer term, however, the strong economic growth in the region renders it a highly attractive area in which to operate. On the producing end, rising output will boost profits for the international oil companies in Indonesia and Malaysia. Caltex (a 50/50 joint venture between Chevron and Texaco) is one of the largest marketers in the Far East. It will not initially be affected greatly by the Singapore refinery problem, as its production from this area goes directly into its own marketing system rather than into the open market. Exxon is a medium-size marketer with especially strong positions in Japan, Malaysia and Thailand. However, the company could be vulnerable to near-term problems in Singapore. Mobil, another medium-size marketer, has a very strong position in Japan but problems in Australia. As those problems are corrected, earnings should grow over time. The Royal Dutch Shell Group is one of the largest marketers in the Far East, with good positions in Singapore, Malaysia and Australia. Shell will have difficulty adjusting to the changing conditions in Singapore, but once this is complete, downstream earnings growth should resume. British Petroleum (BP) has a smaller upstream and downstream presence than the other international oils. Estimated 1983 Far East earnings are tabulated for these five companies. 5 figures.

  9. Implementation of optimum solar electricity generating system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, Balbir Singh Mahinder Karim, Samsul Ariffin A.; Sivapalan, Subarna; Najib, Nurul Syafiqah Mohd; Menon, Pradeep

    2014-10-24

    Under the 10{sup th} Malaysian Plan, the government is expecting the renewable energy to contribute approximately 5.5% to the total electricity generation by the year 2015, which amounts to 98MW. One of the initiatives to ensure that the target is achievable was to establish the Sustainable Energy Development Authority of Malaysia. SEDA is given the authority to administer and manage the implementation of the feed-in tariff (FiT) mechanism which is mandated under the Renewable Energy Act 2011. The move to establish SEDA is commendable and the FiT seems to be attractive but there is a need to create awareness on the implementation of the solar electricity generating system (SEGS). In Malaysia, harnessing technologies related to solar energy resources have great potential for implementation. However, the main issue that plagues the implementation of SEGS is the intermittent nature of this source of energy. The availability of sunlight is during the day time, and there is a need for electrical energy storage system, so that there is electricity available during the night time as well. The meteorological condition such as clouds, haze and pollution affects the SEGS as well. The PV based SEGS is seems to be promising electricity generating system that can contribute towards achieving the 5.5% target and will be able to minimize the negative effects of utilizing fossil fuels for electricity generation on the environment. Malaysia is committed to Kyoto Protocol, which emphasizes on fighting global warming by achieving stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. In this paper, the technical aspects of the implementation of optimum SEGS is discussed, especially pertaining to the positioning of the PV panels.

  10. Nonlinearities in Cross-Country Growth Regressions: A Bayesian Averaging of Thresholds (BAT) Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuaresma, Jesus Crespo; Doppelhofer, Gernot

    levels. Papageor- giou (2002) finds evidence that sets of countries with different openness levels tend to differ in the statistical model relating economic growth to other economic variables.11 The results presented below were obtained with ten million... interactions in the interval between 7.26 (corresponding to the initial GDP per capita of Malaysia) and 7.45 (corresponding to the initial GDP per capita of Algeria). It should be noted that for simulations run setting m¯=2 (that is, consid- ering only...

  11. Asia-Pacific focus of coming LNG trade boom

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-11-16

    This paper reports that the Asia-Pacific region remains the centerpiece of a booming world trade in liquefied natural gas. Biggest growth in LNG demand is expected from some of the region's strongest economies such as Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, Key LNG exporters such as Brunei, Malaysia, and Indonesia are scrambling to implement projects to meet that expected demand growth. Uncertainties cloud the outlook for Far East LNG trade, Australia, for one, is more cautious in pressing expansion of its LNG export capacity as more competing LNG expansions spring up around the world, notably in the Middle East and Africa.

  12. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  13. Asian success stories in promoting energy efficiency in industry and building

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang, Ming

    1996-12-31

    This article describes the program of the International Institute for Energy Conservation (IIEC), which has offices in Washington, Bangkok, Santiago, and London, in addition to staff in a number of other countries. The mission of this private organization is to promote the efficient use of energy as a tool for sustainable development by supporting the development of policies, technologies, and practices. Its focus is on energy efficiency, transportation systems, and renewable energy sources. Examples of specific program activities in Thailand, China, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore are discussed.

  14. How to create a financial crisis by trying to avoid one: the Brazilian 1999-financial collapse as "Macho-Monetarianism" can't handle "Bubble They Neighbour" levels of inflows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, José Gabriel

    2012-01-28

    accelerated initially at such speed, the balance of payments deteriorated rapidly. Furthermore, soon afterwards the ‘Tequila effect’, which followed the Mexican crisis of December 1994, began to bite and the Central Bank panicked — an attitude that would... true of Argentina before its first crisis (the ‘Tequila’ one), when its economy grew at 5.8 % (1994). And in East Asia, Korea did so at 7% (1996), Malaysia at 10% and Thailand at 5.9%. In all these countries output fell massively only after...

  15. Pacific rim lures explorationists

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nation, L.

    1991-09-01

    The Pacific Rim has been far and away the most attractive hunting ground for explorationists in the past year. Observers point to political initiatives coupled with a growing demand as igniting the region's numerous hydrocarbon possibilities. This paper describes some of the new incentives and the resultant exploration results and developments in China, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Vietnam. A major sign of the region's political maturity is the willingness for the countries involved to solve the longstanding disputes over the claims in hydrocarbon-prone South China Sea.

  16. Memories of Our Lost Hands: Searching for Feminine Spirituality and Creativity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toyoda, Sonoko

    2006-01-01

    , G. D.j and Kuntz, R. E., 1969 ? all from Far East Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Liukuei and Tzepeng, Taiwan Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Thailand: Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi; Thapput, Phang- nga; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban...; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban- tion; India: Khasia Hills, Assam; Garo Hills, Assam; Malaysia: Malacca Accipiter trivirgatus lay- ardi Degeeriella storeri n. sp. Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Walgama, Ceylon Accipiter trivirgatus pala- Elbel, R...

  17. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysia "

  18. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysia

  19. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysiaNorway "

  20. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysiaNorway

  1. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseAnnual",2014Annual",2014 ,"ReleaseCrude OilCompressed Natural GasIndonesiaMalaysiaNorwayUnited

  2. Post Fukushima tsunami simulations for Malaysian coasts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koh, Hock Lye, E-mail: kohhl@ucsiuniversity.edu.my [Office of Deputy Vice Chancellor for Research and Post Graduate Studies, UCSI University, Jalan Menara Gading, 56000 Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia); Teh, Su Yean, E-mail: syteh@usm.my [School of Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Pulau Pinang (Malaysia); Abas, Mohd Rosaidi Che [Malaysian Meteorological Department, MOSTI, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)

    2014-10-24

    The recent recurrences of mega tsunamis in the Asian region have rekindled concern regarding potential tsunamis that could inflict severe damage to affected coastal facilities and communities. The 11 March 2011 Fukushima tsunami that crippled nuclear power plants in Northern Japan has further raised the level of caution. The recent discovery of petroleum reserves in the coastal water surrounding Malaysia further ignites the concern regarding tsunami hazards to petroleum facilities located along affected coasts. Working in a group, federal government agencies seek to understand the dynamics of tsunami and their impacts under the coordination of the Malaysian National Centre for Tsunami Research, Malaysian Meteorological Department. Knowledge regarding the generation, propagation and runup of tsunami would provide the scientific basis to address safety issues. An in-house tsunami simulation models known as TUNA has been developed by the authors to assess tsunami hazards along affected beaches so that mitigation measures could be put in place. Capacity building on tsunami simulation plays a critical role in the development of tsunami resilience. This paper aims to first provide a simple introduction to tsunami simulation towards the achievement of tsunami simulation capacity building. The paper will also present several scenarios of tsunami dangers along affected Malaysia coastal regions via TUNA simulations to highlight tsunami threats. The choice of tsunami generation parameters reflects the concern following the Fukushima tsunami.

  3. Benchmarks for industrial energy efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Amarnath, K.R. [Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States); Kumana, J.D. [Linnhoff March, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Shah, J.V. [Electric Power Research Inst., Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Chemicals and Petroleum Center

    1996-12-31

    What are the standards for improving energy efficiency for industries such as petroleum refining, chemicals, and glass manufacture? How can different industries in emerging markets and developing accelerate the pace of improvements? This paper discusses several case studies and experiences relating to this subject emphasizing the use of energy efficiency benchmarks. Two important benchmarks are discussed. The first is based on a track record of outstanding performers in the related industry segment; the second benchmark is based on site specific factors. Using energy use reduction targets or benchmarks, projects have been implemented in Mexico, Poland, India, Venezuela, Brazil, China, Thailand, Malaysia, Republic of South Africa and Russia. Improvements identified through these projects include a variety of recommendations. The use of oxy-fuel and electric furnaces in the glass industry in Poland; reconfiguration of process heat recovery systems for refineries in China, Malaysia, and Russia; recycling and reuse of process wastewater in Republic of South Africa; cogeneration plant in Venezuela. The paper will discuss three case studies of efforts undertaken in emerging market countries to improve energy efficiency.

  4. Assessing human rights impacts in corporate development projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salcito, Kendyl; University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel; NomoGaia, 1900 Wazee Street, Suite 303, Denver, CO 80202; NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202 ; Utzinger, Jürg; University of Basel, P.O. Box, CH-4003 Basel ; Weiss, Mitchell G.; Münch, Anna K.; Singer, Burton H.; Krieger, Gary R.; Wielga, Mark; NewFields, LLC, Denver, CO 80202

    2013-09-15

    Human rights impact assessment (HRIA) is a process for systematically identifying, predicting and responding to the potential impact on human rights of a business operation, capital project, government policy or trade agreement. Traditionally, it has been conducted as a desktop exercise to predict the effects of trade agreements and government policies on individuals and communities. In line with a growing call for multinational corporations to ensure they do not violate human rights in their activities, HRIA is increasingly incorporated into the standard suite of corporate development project impact assessments. In this context, the policy world's non-structured, desk-based approaches to HRIA are insufficient. Although a number of corporations have commissioned and conducted HRIA, no broadly accepted and validated assessment tool is currently available. The lack of standardisation has complicated efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of HRIA as a risk mitigation tool, and has caused confusion in the corporate world regarding company duties. Hence, clarification is needed. The objectives of this paper are (i) to describe an HRIA methodology, (ii) to provide a rationale for its components and design, and (iii) to illustrate implementation of HRIA using the methodology in two selected corporate development projects—a uranium mine in Malawi and a tree farm in Tanzania. We found that as a prognostic tool, HRIA could examine potential positive and negative human rights impacts and provide effective recommendations for mitigation. However, longer-term monitoring revealed that recommendations were unevenly implemented, dependent on market conditions and personnel movements. This instability in the approach to human rights suggests a need for on-going monitoring and surveillance. -- Highlights: • We developed a novel methodology for corporate human rights impact assessment. • We piloted the methodology on two corporate projects—a mine and a plantation. • Human rights impact assessment exposed impacts not foreseen in ESIA. • Corporations adopted the majority of findings, but not necessarily immediately. • Methodological advancements are expected for monitoring processes.

  5. Assessing corporate project impacts in changeable contexts: A human rights perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salcito, Kendyl; Singer, Burton H.; Krieger, Gary R.; Weiss, Mitchell G.; Wielga, Mark; Utzinger, Jürg

    2014-07-01

    Project-level impact assessment was originally conceived as a snapshot taken in advance of project implementation, contrasting current conditions with a likely future scenario involving a variety of predicted impacts. Current best practice guidance has encouraged a shift towards longitudinal assessments from the pre-project stage through the implementation and operating phases. Experience and study show, however, that assessment of infrastructure-intensive projects rarely endures past the project's construction phase. Negative consequences for environmental, social and health outcomes have been documented. Such consequences clarify the pressing need for longitudinal assessment in each of these domains, with human rights impact assessment (HRIA) as an umbrella over, and critical augmentation of, environmental, social and health assessments. Project impacts on human rights are more closely linked to political, economic and other factors beyond immediate effects of a company's policy and action throughout the project lifecycle. Delineating these processes requires an adequate framework, with strategies for collecting longitudinal data, protocols that provide core information for impact assessment and guidance for adaptive mitigation strategies as project-related effects change over time. This article presents general principles for the design and implementation of sustained, longitudinal HRIA, based on experience assessing and responding to human rights impact in a uranium mining project in Malawi. The case study demonstrates the value of longitudinal assessment both for limiting corporate risk and improving human welfare. - Graphical abstract: Assessing changes in human rights condition as affected by both project and context, over time. - Highlights: • Corporate capital projects affect human rights in myriad ways. • Ongoing, longitudinal impact assessment techniques are needed. • We present an approach for conducting longitudinal human rights impact assessment. • Our methodology allows distinguishing corporate impacts from contextual changes. • Promptly observing context changes and impacts enables companies to react nimbly.

  6. Medium term municipal solid waste generation prediction by autoregressive integrated moving average

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Younes, Mohammad K.; Nopiah, Z. M.; Basri, Noor Ezlin A.; Basri, Hassan

    2014-09-12

    Generally, solid waste handling and management are performed by municipality or local authority. In most of developing countries, local authorities suffer from serious solid waste management (SWM) problems and insufficient data and strategic planning. Thus it is important to develop robust solid waste generation forecasting model. It helps to proper manage the generated solid waste and to develop future plan based on relatively accurate figures. In Malaysia, solid waste generation rate increases rapidly due to the population growth and new consumption trends that characterize the modern life style. This paper aims to develop monthly solid waste forecasting model using Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA), such model is applicable even though there is lack of data and will help the municipality properly establish the annual service plan. The results show that ARIMA (6,1,0) model predicts monthly municipal solid waste generation with root mean square error equals to 0.0952 and the model forecast residuals are within accepted 95% confident interval.

  7. Phylogenetic relationships of flowerpeckers (Aves: Dicaeidae): Novel insights into the evolution of a tropical passerine clade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyá ri, Á rpá d S.; Peterson, A. Townsend; Rice, Nathan H.; Moyle, Robert G.

    2009-12-01

    extracted from toe pads. Taxon#7;Voucher source1#7;Sample ##7;Locality#7;TGFb2#7;ND2#7;ND3#7;#7;Ingroup#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;#7;Dicaeum aeneum#7;AMNH#7;DOT 6657#7;Solomon Islands, Isabel Island#7;GQ145327#7;GQ145285#7;GQ145243#7;#7;Dicaeum anthonyi#7;FMNH#7...;429296#7;Philippines, Luzon, Kalinga#7;GQ145325#7;GQ145283#7;GQ145241#7;#7;Dicaeum agile *#7;WFVZ#7;41288#7;Malaysia, Sabah, Tawau#7;GQ145348#7;GQ145306#7;GQ145264#7;#7;Dicaeum aureolimbatum#7;AMNH#7;DOT 12599#7;Indonesia, Sulawesi, Poso#7;GQ145330#7;GQ145288#7;GQ...

  8. Gas in developing countries: Volume 2, Country studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1987-01-01

    This volume contains detailed case-studies of the history and prospects for natural gas utilization in eight developing countries: Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Thailand and Tunisia. All of these countries have been visited by members of the research team, with the exception of Pakistan. Running through all the case-histories is the importance of defining a clear market for the gas. In some cases this can prove remarkably difficult, especially when the oil price is relatively low. In other cases a market does exist, but is very limited in relation to the size of available reserves. The other theme which recurs over and over again is the importance of the relationship between the government and its agencies, and the foreign oil companies which are involved in exploration and development of gas reserves. These two issues are addressed in detail in each case study. But it is also the case that each country highlights specific aspects of the gas story.

  9. Natural gas: Governments and oil companies in the Third World

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, A.; Hurst, C.; Mabro, R.

    1988-01-01

    It is asserted that oil companies claim to be generally receptive to gas development proposals; however, the lack of potential markets for gas, problems of foreign exchange convertibility, and lack of a legal framework often hinders their engagement. Governments, on the other hand, need to secure domestic energy supply and, if possible, gain some export earnings or royalties. An extensive discussion on the principles of pricing and fiscal regimes, potential points of disagreement is provided. A course of action is outlined from the managerial point of view to circumvent the most common pitfalls in planning and financing a gas project. Eight very detailed case studies are presented for Argentina, Egypt, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Tanzania, Tunisia and Thailand.

  10. Identifying irradiated flours by photo-stimulated luminescence technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramli, Ros Anita Ahmad; Yasir, Muhamad Samudi; Othman, Zainon; Abdullah, Wan Saffiey Wan

    2014-02-12

    Photo-stimulated luminescence (PSL) technique was used in this study to detect gamma irradiation treatment of five types of flours (corn, rice, tapioca, wheat and glutinous rice) at four different doses 0, 0.2, .05 and 1kGy. The signal level was compared with two threshold values (700 and 5000). With the exception of glutinous rice, all irradiated samples produced a strong signal above the upper threshold (5000 counts/60s). All control samples produced negative result with the signals below the lower threshold (700 counts/60s) suggesting that the samples have not been irradiated. Irradiated glutinous rice samples produced intermediate signals (700 - 5000 counts/60s) which were subsequently confirmed using calibrated PSL. The PSL signals remained stable after 90 days of storage. The findings of this study will be useful to facilitate control of food irradiation application in Malaysia.

  11. Isoprene emissions over Asia 1979-2012 : impact of climate and land use changes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stavrakou, T.; Muller, J. F.; Bauwens, M.; De Smedt, I.; Roozendael, Van M.; Guenther, Alex B.; Wild, M.; Xia, X.

    2014-05-12

    Due to the scarcity of observational constraints and the rapidly changing environment in East and Southeast Asia, isoprene emissions predicted by models are expected to bear substantial uncertainties. The aim of this study is to improve upon the existing bottom-up estimates, and investigate the temporal evolution of the fluxes in Asia over 1979-2012. To this purpose, we calculate the hourly emissions at 0.5% ×0.5% resolution using the MEGAN-MOHYCAN model driven by ECMWF ERA-Interim climatology. This study incorporates (i) changes in land use, including the rapid expansion of oil palms, (ii) meteorological variability according to ERA-Interim, (iii) long-term changes in solar radiation (dimming/brightening) constrained by surface network radiation measurements,and (iv) recent experimental evidence that South Asian tropical forests are much weaker isoprene emitters than previously assumed, and on the other hand, that oil palms hold a strong isoprene emission capacity. These effects lead to a significant lowering (factor of two) in the total isoprene fluxes over the studied domain, and to emission reductions reaching a factor of 3.5 in Southeast Asia. The bottom-up annual isoprene emissions for 2005 are estimated at 7.0, 4.8, 8.3, 2.9 Tg in China, India, Indonesia and Malaysia, respectively. Changes in temperature and solar radiation are the major drivers of the interannual variability and trend in the emissions. An annual positive flux trend of 0.2% and 0.52% is found in Asia and China, respectively, through the entire period, related to positive trend in temperature and solar radiation. The impact of oil palm expansion in Indonesia and Malaysia is to enhance the trends over that region, e.g. from 1.17% to 1.5% in 1979-2005 in Malaysia. A negative emission trend is derived in India (?0.4 %), owing to the negative trend in solar radiation data associated to the strong dimming effect likely due to increasing aerosol loadings. The bottom-up emissions are evaluated using top-down isoprene emission estimates derived from inverse modelling constrained by GOME-2/MetOp-A formaldehyde columns through 2007-2012. The satellite-based estimates appear to support our assumptions, and confirm the lower emission rate in tropical forests of Indonesia and Malaysia. Additional flux measurements are clearly needed to better characterize the spatial variability of emission factors. Finally, a decreasing trend in the top-down Chinese emissions inferred after 2007, is in line with the cooling episode recorded in China after that year, thus suggesting that the satellite HCHO columns are able to capture climate-induced changes in emissions.

  12. Mobile Learning Environment System (MLES): The Case of Android-based Learning Application on Undergraduates' Learning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanafi, Hafizul Fahri

    2012-01-01

    Of late, mobile technology has introduced new, novel environment that can be capitalized to further enrich the teaching and learning process in classrooms. Taking cognizance of this promising setting, a study was undertaken to investigate the impact of such an environment enabled by android platform on the learning process among undergraduates of Sultan Idris Education University, Malaysia; in particular, this paper discusses critical aspects of the design and implementation of the android learning system. Data were collected through a survey involving 56 respondents, and these data were analyzed by using SPSS 12.0. Findings showed that the respondents were very receptive to the interactivity, accessibility, and convenience of the system, but they were quite frustrated with the occasional interruptions due to internet connectivity problems. Overall, the mobile learning system can be utilized as an inexpensive but potent learning tool that complements undergraduates' learning process.

  13. Chromium(III) sorption enhancement through NTA - modification of biological materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Low, K.S.; Lee, C.K.; Lee, P.L. [Univ. of Agriculture, Selangor (Malaysia)] [Univ. of Agriculture, Selangor (Malaysia)

    1997-03-01

    The use of low-cost biological materials for the removal and recovery of heavy metals from solution has been investigated extensively in recent times. To enhance their sorption capacities various chemical modifications on the sorbents were attempted. Freer et al. showed that bark from the Pinus radiata (D. Don) had a greater sorption capacity for metals after treatment with both inorganic acid and formaldehyde. Apple wastes treated with phosphorus oxychloride improved the efficiency of removing metal ions. Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)-modified groundnut, Arachis hypogea, was reported to improve the sorption of cadmium and lead ions. Modifications with the aid of dyes also enhanced metal sorption. Moss and coconut husk (CH) are readily obtainable in Malaysia. Their sorption potential for metals has been reported. This paper reports on the metal sorption enhancement of these two biosorbents after chemical modification with nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA). 13 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Curve fitting methods for solar radiation data modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karim, Samsul Ariffin Abdul, E-mail: samsul-ariffin@petronas.com.my, E-mail: balbir@petronas.com.my; Singh, Balbir Singh Mahinder, E-mail: samsul-ariffin@petronas.com.my, E-mail: balbir@petronas.com.my [Department of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, Faculty of Sciences and Information Technology, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak Darul Ridzuan (Malaysia)

    2014-10-24

    This paper studies the use of several type of curve fitting method to smooth the global solar radiation data. After the data have been fitted by using curve fitting method, the mathematical model of global solar radiation will be developed. The error measurement was calculated by using goodness-fit statistics such as root mean square error (RMSE) and the value of R{sup 2}. The best fitting methods will be used as a starting point for the construction of mathematical modeling of solar radiation received in Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) Malaysia. Numerical results indicated that Gaussian fitting and sine fitting (both with two terms) gives better results as compare with the other fitting methods.

  15. Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards: An Introduction to Safeguards for Emerging Nuclear States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frazar, Sarah L.; Gastelum, Zoe N.; Olson, Jarrod; Mathews, Caroline E.; Solodov, Alexander; Zhernosek, Alena; Raffo-Caiado, Ana; Baldwin, George; Horak, Karl; McClelland-Kerr, John; VanSickle, Matthew; Mininni, Margot; Kovacic, Donald

    2009-10-06

    The U.S. Department of Energy/National Nuclear Security Administration (DOE/NNSA) hosted a workshop from May 4-22, 2009, on the fundamental elements of international safeguards. Entitled "A Technical Training Workshop on International Safeguards," the workshop introduced post-graduate students from Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Morocco, Egypt, Algeria and Tunisia to the fundamental issues and best practices associated with international safeguards and encouraged them to explore potential career paths in safeguards. Workshops like these strengthen the international safeguards regime by promoting the development of a "safeguards culture" among young nuclear professionals within nascent nuclear countries. While this concept of safeguards culture is sometimes hard to define and even harder to measure, this paper will demonstrate that the promotion of safeguards cultures through workshops like these justifies the investment of U.S. taxpayer dollars.

  16. Micro-focused Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Imaging for Science and Engineering Using RTP--A Preliminary Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Abdul Aziz; Al Rashid Megat Ahmad, Megat Harun; Md Idris, Faridah; Azman, Azraf; Jamro, Rafhayudi; Ibrahim, Mohd Rizal Mamat; Rahman, Anwar Abdul [Agensi Nuklear Malaysia, Komplek PUSPATI, Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2010-01-05

    Malaysian Nuclear Agency's (Nuclear Malaysia) Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) facility--(MYSANS)--is utilizing low flux of thermal neutron at the agency's 1 MW TRIGA reactor. As the design nature of the 8 m SANS facility can allow object resolution in the range between 5 and 80 nm to be obtained. It can be used to study alloys, ceramics and polymers in certain area of problems that relate to samples containing strong scatterers or contrast. The current SANS system at Malaysian Nuclear Agency is only capable to measure Q in limited range with a PSD (128x128) fixed at 4 m from the sample. The existing reactor hall that incorporate this MYSANS facility has a layout that prohibits the rebuilding of MYSANS therefore the position between the wavelength selector (HOPG) and sample and the PSD cannot be increased for wider Q range. The flux of the neutron at current sample holder is very low which around 10{sup 3} n/cm{sup 2}/sec. Thus it is important to rebuild the MYSANS to maximize the utilization of neutron. Over the years, the facility has undergone maintenance and some changes have been made. Modification on secondary shutter and control has been carried out to improve the safety level of the instrument. A compact micro-focus SANS method can suit this objective together with an improve cryostat system. This paper will explain some design concept and approaches in achieving higher flux and the modification needs to establish the micro-focused SANS.

  17. Food waste management using an electrostatic separator with corona discharge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Koonchun; Teh, Pehchiong; Lim, Sooking

    2015-05-15

    In Malaysia, municipal solid waste contains a high portion of organic matters, typically contributed by food waste. It is estimated that about 45% of the municipal waste are food waste, followed by the non-food waste such as plastics, metals, glass and others. Food waste, while being properly sorted and contamination free from non-food waste, can be reused (e.g. fertiliser) instead of being landfilled. Therefore, recycling of food waste is crucial not only from the view point of waste management, but also with respect to the reduction of resource losses and greenhouse gases emission. A new waste separation process involved food particles, non-food particles and electrostatic discharge was investigated in this study. The empirical results reveal that the corona electrostatic separation is an environmental-friendly way in recovering foods from municipal waste. The efficiency of the separator, under same operating conditions, varies with the particle size of the food and non-food particles. The highest efficiency of 82% is recorded for the particle sizes between 1.5 and 3.0?mm.

  18. Trace element analysis of soil type collected from the Manjung and central Perak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Azman, Muhammad Azfar Hamzah, Suhaimi; Rahman, Shamsiah Abdul; Elias, Md Suhaimi; Abdullah, Nazaratul Ashifa; Hashim, Azian; Shukor, Shakirah Abd; Kamaruddin, Ahmad Hasnulhadi Che

    2015-04-29

    Trace elements in soils primarily originated from their parent materials. Parents’ material is the underlying geological material that has been undergone different types of chemical weathering and leaching processes. Soil trace elements concentrations may be increases as a result of continuous input from various human activities, including power generation, agriculture, mining and manufacturing. This paper describes the Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) method used for the determination of trace elements concentrations in part per million (ppm) present in the terrestrial environment soil in Perak. The data may indicate any contamination of trace elements contributed from human activities in the area. The enrichment factors were used to check if there any contamination due to the human activities (power plants, agricultural, mining, etc.) otherwise the values would serve as a baseline data for future study. The samples were collected from 27 locations of different soil series in the area at two different depths: the top soil (0-15cm) and the sub soil (15-30cm). The collected soil samples were air dried at 60°C and passed through 2 µm sieve. Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) has been used for the determination of trace elements. Samples were activated in the Nuclear Malaysia TRIGA Mark II reactor followed by gamma spectrometric analysis. By activating the stable elements in the samples, the elements can be determined from the intensities of gamma energies emitted by the respected radionuclides.

  19. Bibliography of information sources on East Asian energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salosis, J.

    1982-11-01

    The first section of this bibliography is a subject index by title to sources of information on East Asian energy. The countries considered were: Brunei, the PRC, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, the Koreas, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. If the geographic coverage by any source is restricted to a particular country and was not indicated by the title, a country abbreviation in parentheses was added. Titles that include the term data base are computerized. The second section contains the Title Index which lists each printed publication alphabetically with frequency of publication and the US$ price for a yearly air mail subscription. The publisher or distribution office is listed below the title. The Data Base Index lists computerized sources with the author and the vendor providing either online access or tapes. No prices have been quoted in this section because of the wide range of methods in use and the impossibility of running benchmarks for this study. The Address Index lists the publishers, data base authors and vendors alphabetically.

  20. Indonesia: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prawiraatmadja, W.; Yamaguchi, N.; Breazeale, K.; Basari, S.R.

    1991-04-01

    As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Energy Program has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy have covered Australia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various countries. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics -- often from unpublished and disparate sources that are unavailable to most readers. Staff members have traveled extensively in -- and at times have lived in -- the countries under review and have held discussions with senior policymakers in government and industry. Thus, these reports provide not only information but also the latest thinking on energy issues in the various countries. This report covers Indonesia. 37 refs., 36 figs., 64 tabs.

  1. Changing structure of the world refining industry: implications for the United States and other major consuming regions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-02-01

    There are five chapters in this publication. Chapter I on refining industry in transition covers refining history highlights, and OPEC's downstream operations. Chapter II on demand for oil and oil products discusses supply and demand for OPEC oil, demand for oil products, historical growth trends, future growth trends and the case of East Asia - emergence of a fuel oil glut. Chapter III on the US and other traditional refining centers begins with an introduction on the structure of refining and continues on to cover the refining industry in OECD countries, USA, Western Europe, Japan, Singapore and Caribbean and closes with some conclusions. Chapter IV is on refining expansions in OPEC and the third World Nations. The following are covered: (1) nations of the Gulf (Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran, Iraq, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates); (2) OPEC members beyond the Gulf (Indonesia, Africa, Libya, Algeria, Nigeria and Gabon, South America, Venezuela); (3) other major exporters (China, Egypt, Malaysia, Mexico); (4) non-OPEC developing countries - trends in the refining sector. The chapter ends with a short summary on capacity prospects and comparative economics. The final chapter has conclusions and recommendations on: price interactions between crude and products; product exports - impact on OPEC's internal; prices and market influence; importers and exporters - decisions; and course of action of the United States. 18 figures, 40 tables.

  2. Optimization of the pyrolysis process of empty fruit bunch (EFB) in a fixed-bed reactor through a central composite design (CCD)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohamed, Alina Rahayu; Hamzah, Zainab; Daud, Mohamed Zulkali Mohamed

    2014-07-10

    The production of crude palm oil from the processing of palm fresh fruit bunches in the palm oil mills in Malaysia hs resulted in a huge quantity of empty fruit bunch (EFB) accumulated. The EFB was used as a feedstock in the pyrolysis process using a fixed-bed reactor in the present study. The optimization of process parameters such as pyrolysis temperature (factor A), biomass particle size (factor B) and holding time (factor C) were investigated through Central Composite Design (CCD) using Stat-Ease Design Expert software version 7 with bio-oil yield considered as the response. Twenty experimental runs were conducted. The results were completely analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The model was statistically significant. All factors studied were significant with p-values < 0.05. The pyrolysis temperature (factor A) was considered as the most significant parameter because its F-value of 116.29 was the highest. The value of R{sup 2} was 0.9564 which indicated that the selected factors and its levels showed high correlation to the production of bio-oil from EFB pyrolysis process. A quadratic model equation was developed and employed to predict the highest theoretical bio-oil yield. The maximum bio-oil yield of 46.2 % was achieved at pyrolysis temperature of 442.15 °C using the EFB particle size of 866 ?m which corresponded to the EFB particle size in the range of 710–1000 ?m and holding time of 483 seconds.

  3. Southern Asia future plans feature long-distance lines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-11-01

    This paper reports that although pipe line mileage working, planned and under study has dipped slightly from 47,346 km (29,420 mi) to 44,853 km (27,871 mi), Southern Asia continues to hold a strong position for future projects with some of the most interesting programs in the international market. Two dramatic, long-distance natural gas transmission, gathering and lateral networks continue to hold the future pipe line construction spotlight in Southern Asia. The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) continues to study a 7,830 km (4,865 mi) gas transmission system. With an estimated cost of $10 billion, the system includes some 6,276 km (3,900 mi) of transmission lines, with 1,094 km (680 mi) offshore. Group members include Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. The second project, the Trans-Asian Pipeline System, involves 3,380 km (2,100 mi) of transmission lines from the Iran's Bandar Abbas gas field across Pakistan to a terminal at Calcutta, India.

  4. Survival analysis of colorectal cancer patients with tumor recurrence using global score test methodology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zain, Zakiyah Ahmad, Yuhaniz; Azwan, Zairul E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com Raduan, Farhana E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com Sagap, Ismail E-mail: farhanaraduan@gmail.com; Aziz, Nazrina

    2014-12-04

    Colorectal cancer is the third and the second most common cancer worldwide in men and women respectively, and the second in Malaysia for both genders. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are among the options available for treatment of patients with colorectal cancer. In clinical trials, the main purpose is often to compare efficacy between experimental and control treatments. Treatment comparisons often involve several responses or endpoints, and this situation complicates the analysis. In the case of colorectal cancer, sets of responses concerned with survival times include: times from tumor removal until the first, the second and the third tumor recurrences, and time to death. For a patient, the time to recurrence is correlated to the overall survival. In this study, global score test methodology is used in combining the univariate score statistics for comparing treatments with respect to each survival endpoint into a single statistic. The data of tumor recurrence and overall survival of colorectal cancer patients are taken from a Malaysian hospital. The results are found to be similar to those computed using the established Wei, Lin and Weissfeld method. Key factors such as ethnic, gender, age and stage at diagnose are also reported.

  5. Interconnection economics of small power systems -- A case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloethe, W.G.; Thakar, H.C. [Sargent and Lundy, Chicago, IL (United States); Kim, L.C. [Sarawak Electricity Supply Corp., Kuching (Malaysia); Samin, S. [PT PLN Persero, Jakarta (Indonesia)

    1996-11-01

    The advantages of interconnecting large electric power systems has been almost universally accepted in those parts of North America that are not geographically isolated. However, interconnecting power systems can result in significant economic advantages, even in those parts of the world where power systems are small and widely separated. This paper examines two small, isolated power systems on the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. The Malaysian State of Srawak lies on the north coast of Borneo. With an area of 123,156 square km (47,555 square mi.) and population of 1.7 million, it is the largest, but most sparsely populated, state in the Federation of Malaysia. Its neighbor to the south is the Indonesian Province of West Kalimantan. A study examining the feasibility of interconnecting these two power systems was undertaken in 1994 as a part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) initiative to interconnect the power systems in the region. The ASEAN region is characterized by rapidly growing economies and rapid load growth.

  6. International Workshops to Foster Implementation of the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Coates, Cameron W.; Bedke, Michael L.

    2003-07-14

    A country’s adherence to the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Additional Protocol is an important statement to the world of that country’s commitment to nuclear nonproliferation. Without the Additional Protocol (AP) it is possible, as demonstrated in Iraq, for a country party to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) to clandestinely work toward nuclear weapons and be undetected by the IAEA. This is because classical safeguards under the NPT are directed at diversion of nuclear material from declared activities. But a country may instead build undeclared activities to produce weapons-grade nuclear material. The AP is directed at detecting those undeclared activities. As of May 2003, 73 countries had signed the AP, but only 35 have entered into force. To further adherence to the AP, the IAEA has held regional, high-level seminars in Japan, South Africa, Kazakhstan, Peru, Romania, and Malaysia to explain AP provisions. To supplement these policy-level seminars, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has undertaken to develop a set of modules of technical competencies required to implement the AP. The intent is to work closely with the IAEA by providing these technical competencies to countries as well as to complement the IAEA’s regional seminars and other outreach efforts. This paper briefly describes the technical competency modules.

  7. Web-GIS oriented systems viability for municipal solid waste selective collection optimization in developed and transient economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rada, E.C.; Ragazzi, M.; Fedrizzi, P.

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ? As an appropriate solution for MSW management in developed and transient countries. ? As an option to increase the efficiency of MSW selective collection. ? As an opportunity to integrate MSW management needs and services inventories. ? As a tool to develop Urban Mining actions. - Abstract: Municipal solid waste management is a multidisciplinary activity that includes generation, source separation, storage, collection, transfer and transport, processing and recovery, and, last but not least, disposal. The optimization of waste collection, through source separation, is compulsory where a landfill based management must be overcome. In this paper, a few aspects related to the implementation of a Web-GIS based system are analyzed. This approach is critically analyzed referring to the experience of two Italian case studies and two additional extra-European case studies. The first case is one of the best examples of selective collection optimization in Italy. The obtained efficiency is very high: 80% of waste is source separated for recycling purposes. In the second reference case, the local administration is going to be faced with the optimization of waste collection through Web-GIS oriented technologies for the first time. The starting scenario is far from an optimized management of municipal solid waste. The last two case studies concern pilot experiences in China and Malaysia. Each step of the Web-GIS oriented strategy is comparatively discussed referring to typical scenarios of developed and transient economies. The main result is that transient economies are ready to move toward Web oriented tools for MSW management, but this opportunity is not yet well exploited in the sector.

  8. ASEAN-USAID buildings energy conservation project. Volume 1, Energy standards: Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F.; Deringer, J.J.

    1992-06-01

    Mandatory or voluntary energy-efficiency standards for new or existing buildings can play an important role in a national program aimed at promoting energy conservation. Building codes and standards can provide a degree of control over design and building practices throughout the construction process, and encourage awareness of energy-conscious design. Studies in developed countries indicate that efficiency standards can produce energy reductions on the order of 20 to 40% or more. Within ASEAN, analyses of the savings potential from the proposed standards suggest that if implemented, these standards would produce savings over current new design practice of 19% to 24%. In this volume we provide an overview of the ASEAN-USAID project aimed at promulgating standards for energy efficiency in commercial buildings. The process of developing and implementing energy-efficiency standards for buildings can be subdivided into two key components: policy development; and technical and economic analysis. Each of these involves a number of steps and processes, as outlined in Figure 1-1. This volume describes the technical and economic analyses used to develop the proposed energy efficiency standards for four countries (Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia), and to refine an energy standard existing in Singapore since 1979. Though oriented toward the ASEAN region, the analysis methods described here are applicable in a range of settings, provided appropriate modifications are made for local building construction, climatic, economic, and political conditions. Implementation issues are not specifically addressed here; rather this volume is oriented towards the analytical work needed to establish or revise an energy standard for buildings.

  9. New Zealand: Asia-Pacific energy series, country report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yamaguchi, N.D.; Keevill, H.D.

    1992-03-01

    The New Zealand energy sector has undergone significant changes in the past few years. Reform and deregulation came to New Zealand in large doses and at a rapid pace. Unlike Japan where deregulation was designed for a five-year phase-in period or even Australia where the government was fully geared up to handle deregulation, deregulation occurred in New Zealand almost with no phase-in period and very little planning. Under fast-paced Rogernomics,'' the energy sector was but one more element of the economy to be deregulated and/or privatized. While the New Zealand energy sector deregulation is generally believed to have been successful, there are still outstanding questions as to whether the original intent has been fully achieved. The fact that a competent energy bureaucracy was mostly lost in the process makes it even more difficult to find those with long enough institutional memories to untangle the agreements and understandings between the government and the private sector over the previous decade. As part of our continuing assessment of Asia-Pacific energy markets, the Resources Programs at the East-West Center has embarked on a series of country studies that discuss in detail the structure of the energy sector in each major country in the region. To date, our reports to the US Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for International Affairs and Energy Emergencies, have covered Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. The country studies also provide the reader with an overview of the economic and political situation in the various counties. We have particularly highlighted petroleum and gas issues in the country studies and have attempted to show the foreign trade implications of oil and gas trade. Finally, to the greatest extent possible, we have provided the latest available statistics.

  10. Temperature effect on gastric emptying time of hybrid grouper (Epinephelus spp.)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    De, Moumita; Ghaffar, Mazlan Abd. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Das, Simon K. [School of Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia and Marine Ecosystem Research Centre (EKOMAR), Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti (Malaysia)

    2014-09-03

    Knowledge of fish gastric emptying time is a necessary component for understanding the fish feeding rates, energy budgets and commercial production of fishes in aquaculture. The hybrid grouper Epinephelus spp. is getting popular as a culture species in Malaysia for their faster growth rate compared to commonly cultured grouper species (giant grouper Epinephelus lanceolatus and tiger grouper Epinephelus fuscoguttatus). There are data suggests that elevated sea water temperature affects gastric emptying time (GET) of fishes. Hence, this study aims to study the GET of hybrid grouper at different temperature (22, 26, 30, 34°C) in laboratory condition with commercial diet pellet. The gastric emptying times (GETs) at different temperatures were determined X-radiographically, using barium sulfate (BaSO{sub 4}) as a contrast medium food marker. The food marker and X-radiography showed that initial voidance of fecal matter began 4-6 h after feeding at all temperature. The fastest GET (13 h) was obsereved in the 30°C group, whereas the longest (17 h) GET was seen in 22°C group fed with artificial diet pellet. Not much differences in GET were recorded between the 26 and 34°C groups as 34°C groups fed lesser amount compared to 26°C groups. Nevertheless a substantial delay in GET was observed in the 22°C group. The findings of this study suggest to culture hybrid grouper between 26 to 30°C with commercial diet pellet as this temperature ranges proliferate the faster digestion process which may contribute faster growth rate of this commerical important fish species. Overall, these findings may have important consequences for optimization of commercial production of hybrid grouper.

  11. Developments in Assisting Countries in Implementing the IAEA Additional Protocol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Killinger, Mark H.; Hansen, Linda H.; Cain, Ronald A.; Kovacic, Don N.; Apt, Kenneth E.; VanSickle, Matthew

    2010-08-11

    In 2008, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began assisting selected non-nuclear weapon states in planning and preparing for implementation of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s Additional Protocol (AP). Since then, the AP international implementation program has contributed to the substantial progress made by Vietnam, Thailand, Iraq, and Malaysia in preparing for entry-into-force of the AP. An overall engagement plan has been developed with components designed to train government AP implementing agencies, inform policy makers, conduct outreach to industry and universities, make AP reporting software available and useful, and plan a detailed approach for implementing the declaration and complementary access provisions of the AP. DOE recently began collaborating with Indonesia, which has already entered the AP into force, requiring a second method of engagement somewhat different from that taken with countries that have not entered the AP into force. The AP international implementation program, administered by the International Nuclear Safeguards and Engagement Program, is working more closely with DOE’s International Nonproliferation Export Control Program to ensure countries are aware of and prepared to implement the export/import provisions of the AP. As the AP implementation program matures and helps move countries closer to entry-into-force or improved AP implementation, it is identifying characteristics of a country’s “end-state” that indicate that DOE assistance is no longer required. The U.S. AP Implementation Act and Senate Resolution of Ratification require the Administration to report annually to Congress on measures taken to achieve the adoption of the AP in non-nuclear weapon states. DOE’s AP international implementation program is a significant part of these measures. This paper describes recent developments to increase the scope and effectiveness of the program.

  12. Mathematical modelling for the drying method and smoothing drying rate using cubic spline for seaweed Kappaphycus Striatum variety Durian in a solar dryer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M Ali, M. K. E-mail: eutoco@gmail.com; Ruslan, M. H. E-mail: eutoco@gmail.com; Muthuvalu, M. S. E-mail: jumat@ums.edu.my; Wong, J. E-mail: jumat@ums.edu.my; Sulaiman, J. E-mail: hafidzruslan@eng.ukm.my; Yasir, S. Md. E-mail: hafidzruslan@eng.ukm.my

    2014-06-19

    The solar drying experiment of seaweed using Green V-Roof Hybrid Solar Drier (GVRHSD) was conducted in Semporna, Sabah under the metrological condition in Malaysia. Drying of sample seaweed in GVRHSD reduced the moisture content from about 93.4% to 8.2% in 4 days at average solar radiation of about 600W/m{sup 2} and mass flow rate about 0.5 kg/s. Generally the plots of drying rate need more smoothing compared moisture content data. Special cares is needed at low drying rates and moisture contents. It is shown the cubic spline (CS) have been found to be effective for moisture-time curves. The idea of this method consists of an approximation of data by a CS regression having first and second derivatives. The analytical differentiation of the spline regression permits the determination of instantaneous rate. The method of minimization of the functional of average risk was used successfully to solve the problem. This method permits to obtain the instantaneous rate to be obtained directly from the experimental data. The drying kinetics was fitted with six published exponential thin layer drying models. The models were fitted using the coefficient of determination (R{sup 2}), and root mean square error (RMSE). The modeling of models using raw data tested with the possible of exponential drying method. The result showed that the model from Two Term was found to be the best models describe the drying behavior. Besides that, the drying rate smoothed using CS shows to be effective method for moisture-time curves good estimators as well as for the missing moisture content data of seaweed Kappaphycus Striatum Variety Durian in Solar Dryer under the condition tested.

  13. ASEAN--USAID Buildings Energy Conservation Project final report. Volume 2, Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levine, M.D.; Busch, J.F. [eds.

    1992-06-01

    This volume reports on research in the area of energy conservation technology applied to commercial buildings in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region. Unlike Volume I of this series, this volume is a compilation of original technical papers prepared by different authors in the project. In this regard, this volume is much like a technical journal. The papers that follow report on research conducted by both US and ASEAN researchers. The authors representing Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand, come from a range of positions in the energy arena, including government energy agencies, electric utilities, and universities. As such, they account for a wide range of perspectives on energy problems and the role that technology can play in solving them. This volume is about using energy more intelligently. In some cases, the effort is towards the use of more advanced technologies, such as low-emittance coatings on window glass, thermal energy storage, or cogeneration. In others, the emphasis is towards reclaiming traditional techniques for rendering energy services, but in new contexts such as lighting office buildings with natural light, or cooling buildings of all types with natural ventilation. Used in its broadest sense, the term ``technology`` encompasses all of the topics addressed in this volume. Along with the more customary associations of technology, such as advanced materials and equipment and the analysis of their performance, this volume treats design concepts and techniques, analysis of ``secondary`` impacts from applying technologies (i.e., unintended impacts, or impacts on parties not directly involved in the purchase and use of the technology), and the collection of primary data used for conducting technical analyses.

  14. Mobility of heavy metals through granitic soils using mini column infiltration test

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zarime, Nur 'Aishah; Yaacob, W. Z.W.

    2014-09-03

    This study is about the mobility of cadmium through compacted granitic soils. Two granitic soils namely the Broga (BGR) and Kajang (KGR) granitic soils were collected in Selangor, Malaysia. Physical and chemical tests were applied for both granitic soils to determine the physical and chemical properties of soil materials. Physical test results shows granitic soils (BGR and KGR) have high percentage of sand ranging between 54%–63% and 46%–54% respectively, an intermediate and intermediate to high plasticity index as well as high specific gravity ie; 2.50–2.59 and 2.45–2.66 respectively. For chemical test, granitic soils shows acidic pH values ranged from 5.35–5.85 for BGR and pH 5.32–5.54 for KGR. For organic matter, SSA and CEC test, it shows low values ranged from 0.22%–0.34% and 0.39%– 0.50% respectively for organic matter test, 17.96 m{sup 2}/g–21.93 m{sup 2}/g and 25.76 m{sup 2}/g–26.83 m{sup 2}/g respectively for SSA test and 0.79 meq/100g–1.35 meq/100g and 1.31 meq/100g–1.35 meq/100g respectively for CEC test. Mini column infiltration test was conducted to determine the retention of cadmium while flowing through granite soils. This test conducted based on the falling head permeability concepts. Different G-force ranging from 231G to 1442G was used in this test. The breakthrough curves show the concentration of Cd becomes higher with the increasing of G-force for both granitic samples (BGR and KGR). The selectivity sorption for both granites ranked in the following decreasing order of; 231G>519G>923G>1442G. Results demonstrated that granitic soils also have low buffering capacity due to low resist of pH changes.

  15. Towards SEA for the developing nations of Asia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Briffett, Clive; Obbard, Jeffrey Philip; Mackee, Jamie

    2003-03-01

    In the developing and transitional countries of Asia, environmental impact assessment (EIA) has been widely practiced as a planning tool that identifies the potential impacts associated with developments and determines their level of significance and the need for mitigating measures. Not withstanding its extensive use in many Asian countries, certain limitations are now being increasingly recognised with regard to achieving sustainable development within the planning process. It is also noted that the natural environment in Asia has continued to be severely degraded despite the adoption of EIA. This research project was undertaken at the National University of Singapore to review the status on the implementation of EIA procedures and to investigate the status and potential of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) in Asia. The research project generally investigated the existing physical attributes of six countries including Hong Kong and Singapore, Malaysia and the Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam and discussed their prevailing environmental conditions. It more specifically reviewed policymaking and environmental planning, environmental legislation and the practice and procedures of environmental impact assessment. It also evaluated environmental assessment education and training activities. In some cases such as Hong Kong, an opportunity to analyse actual SEA practice was included. In other cases, the potential for possible take up of formal SEA was assessed. A comparative review assesses the degree to which EIA and SEA procedures have been utilized, considers how the use of SEA could overcome the deficiencies of the EIA project-based system and includes aspects of meeting sustainability criteria. Results show that the use and application of EIA is relatively strong across all countries with the possible exception of Singapore which relies more heavily on its planning and control system to address potential environmental impacts arising from development projects. Despite this, EIAs have been undertaken in every country due to aid and bank lending agencies requiring them and multinational companies and many local NGOs completing voluntary EIAs. Even though the mandatory introduction of EIA into some countries is fairly recent such as Hong Kong (1999) and Vietnam (1994), efforts to conduct such investigations may have started many years before. The country reviews highlight many common problems and adverse influences that give rise to inadequate EIA practice, and in some cases, recommendations for improvement are proposed. The potential for SEA is assessed on the basis of its present usage which is generally small except for Hong Kong and the environmental strategic decision-making that is being conducted in policy, plan and programme formulations. While the more comprehensive and well-refined westernized model of SEA is generally weakly implemented at present, there is evidence to suggest that Agenda 21, along with other international treaties such as the Biodiversity Charter and the Ramsar Convention, has motivated certain sustainability initiatives that are resulting in increased environmental considerations at a strategic level. In some cases, these may be reflected in National Plan policymaking or in the sector and area-based activities of various ministries and departments. It is concluded that SEA potential is generally strong in those countries with smaller centralized bureaucracies but that its successful implementation will be highly dependent on changing the mind-sets and motivations of top personnel at ministerial level.

  16. Radiological risk assessment of environmental radon

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khalid, Norafatin; Majid, Amran Ab; Yahaya, Redzuwan; Yasir, Muhammad Samudi

    2013-11-27

    Measurements of radon gas ({sup 222}Rn) in the environmental are important to assess indoor air quality and to study the potential risk to human health. Generally known that exposure to radon is considered the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking. The environmental radon concentration depends on the {sup 226}Ra concentration, indoor atmosphere, cracking on rocks and building materials. This study was carried out to determine the indoor radon concentration from selected samples of tin tailings (amang) and building materials in an airtight sealed homemade radon chamber. The radiological risk assessment for radon gas was also calculated based on the annual exposure dose, effective dose equivalent, radon exhalation rates and fatal cancer risk. The continuous radon monitor Sun Nuclear model 1029 was used to measure the radon concentration emanates from selected samples for 96 hours. Five types of tin tailings collected from Kampar, Perak and four samples of building materials commonly used in Malaysia dwellings or building constructions were analysed for radon concentration. The indoor radon concentration determined in ilmenite, monazite, struverite, xenotime and zircon samples varies from 219.6 ± 76.8 Bq m{sup ?3} to 571.1 ± 251.4 Bq m{sup ?3}, 101.0 ± 41.0 Bq m{sup ?3} to 245.3 ± 100.2 Bq m{sup ?3}, 53.1 ± 7.5 Bq m{sup ?3} to 181.8 ± 9.7 Bq m{sup ?3}, 256.1 ± 59.3 Bq m{sup ?3} to 652.2 ± 222.2 Bq m{sup ?3} and 164.5 ± 75.9 Bq m{sup ?3} to 653.3 ± 240.0 Bq m{sup ?3}, respectively. Whereas, in the building materials, the radon concentration from cement brick, red-clay brick, gravel aggregate and cement showed 396.3 ± 194.3 Bq m{sup ?3}, 192.1 ± 75.4 Bq m{sup ?3}, 176.1 ± 85.9 Bq m{sup ?3} and 28.4 ± 5.7 Bq m{sup ?3}, respectively. The radon concentration in tin tailings and building materials were found to be much higher in xenotime and cement brick samples than others. All samples in tin tailings were exceeded the action level for radon gas of 148 Bq m{sup ?3} proposed by EPA except monazite 0.15 kg, struverite 0.15 kg and 0.25 kg. Whereas, all building material samples have exceeded the radon concentration in concrete and building materials of 3 to 7 Bq m{sup ?3} estimated by ICRP. The annual effective dose, effective dose equivalent, and radon exhalation rates in tin tailings were calculated to be in the range of 2.47 to 11.46 mSv, 5.94 to 1090.56 mSv y{sup ?1}, and 0.23 to 1.18 mBq kg{sup ?1} h{sup ?1}. For building materials, the calculated risk assessment of the annual effective dose, effective dose equivalent, radon exhalation rates and fatal cancer risk were 0.72 to 10.00 mSv, 1.73 to 24.00 mSv y{sup ?1}, 0.010 to 0.06 mBq kg{sup ?1} h{sup ?1} and 40 to 550 chances of persons will suffer the cancer per million (1 × 10{sup 6}), respectively.