National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for major source renewable

  1. TOMORROW: Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Make Major Renewable...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    TOMORROW: Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Make Major Renewable Energy Announcement TOMORROW: Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Make Major Renewable Energy Announcement December 15,...

  2. Renewal of the Advanced Photon Source.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibson, J. M.

    2008-12-31

    To ensure that state-of-the-art hard x-ray tools are available for US scientists and engineers who are solving key problems in energy, environment, technology development and human health, the nation's unique high-energy x-ray source needs a major renewal of its capabilities. The Advanced Photon Source renewal program responds to key scientific needs driven by our user community. The renewal encompasses many innovations in beamlines and accelerator capabilities, each of which will transform our tools and allow new problems to be solved. In particular the APS renewal dramatically expands two compelling avenues for research. Through x-ray imaging, we can illuminate complex hierarchical structures from the molecular level to the macroscopic level, and study how they change in time and in response to stimuli. Images will facilitate understanding how proteins fit together to make living organisms, contribute to development of lighter, higher-strength alloys for fuel-efficient transportation and advance the use of biomass for alternative fuels. Hard x-rays are also especially suited to the study of real materials, under realistic conditions and in real-time. The advances proposed in this area would help develop more efficient catalysts, enhance green manufacturing, point the way to artificial light-harvesting inspired by biology and help us develop more efficient lighting. The scope of the renewal of our {approx}$1.5B facility is estimated to be {approx}$350M over five years. It is vital that the investment begin as soon as possible. The renewed APS would complement other national investments such as the National Synchrotron Light Source-II and would keep the U.S. internationally competitive.

  3. Rethinking development assistance for renewable electricity sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kozloff, K.L.

    1995-11-01

    According to US DOE projections, the developing world`s demand for electricity will grow by 50% by 2010. While nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide emissions are expected to decline in North America and Europe over the next 25 years, they will more than double in the rest of the world. This article attempts to explore ways in which developing countries can be motivated to develop renewable energy sources to meet their capacity needs. It outlines how multilateral lenders and donor nations can make renewably generated electricity more economically appealing for developing countries. Greater use of renewable technology would allow developing nations to build the capacity they need without endangering human and environmental health. An examination of the history of official development assistance for renewable technologies, however, reveals the necessity of a change in strategy if this shift is to ever take place. Looking at how different renewable electricity technologies - photovoltaics, geothermal, wind, hydropower, and biomass - have been implemented in projects around the world demonstrates the benefits of that change, as well as the price paid by mistakes.

  4. Optimal Power Allocation for Renewable Energy Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Abhinav

    2011-01-01

    Battery powered transmitters face energy constraint, replenishing their energy by a renewable energy source (like solar or wind power) can lead to longer lifetime. We consider here the problem of finding the optimal power allocation under random channel conditions for a wireless transmitter, such that rate of information transfer is maximized. Here a rechargeable battery, which is periodically charged by renewable source, is used to power the transmitter. All of above is formulated as a Markov Decision Process. Structural properties like the monotonicity of the optimal value and policy derived in this paper will be of vital importance in understanding the kind of algorithms and approximations needed in real-life scenarios. The effect of curse of dimensionality which is prevalent in Dynamic programming problems can thus be reduced. We show our results under the most general of assumptions.

  5. September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    September 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources Science Subject Feed Chapter 11. Heat Exchangers Rafferty, Kevin D.; Culver, Gene (1998) 362 > Wet cooling...

  6. April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    April 2013 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources Science Subject Feed Chapter 11. Heat Exchangers Rafferty, Kevin D.; Culver, Gene (1998) 1252 > Seventh Edition Fuel...

  7. June 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    June 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources Science Subject Feed Chapter 6. Drilling and Well Construction Culver, Gene (1998) 426 > Chapter 11. Heat Exchangers...

  8. Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Carriers For Remote Renewable Energy Sources Using Existing Cng Infrastructure Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article:...

  9. The integration of renewable energy sources into electric power transmission systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnes, P.R.; Dykas, W.P.; Kirby, B.J.; Purucker, S.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lawler, J.S. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

    1995-07-01

    Renewable energy technologies such as photovoltaics, solar thermal power plants, and wind turbines are nonconventional, environmentally attractive sources of energy that can be considered for electric power generation. Many of the areas with abundant renewable energy resources (very sunny or windy areas) are far removed from major load centers. Although electrical power can be transmitted over long distances of many hundreds of miles through high-voltage transmission lines, power transmission systems often operate near their limits with little excess capacity for new generation sources. This study assesses the available capacity of transmission systems in designated abundant renewable energy resource regions and identifies the requirements for high-capacity plant integration in selected cases. In general, about 50 MW of power from renewable sources can be integrated into existing transmission systems to supply local loads without transmission upgrades beyond the construction of a substation to connect to the grid. Except in the Southwest, significant investment to strengthen transmission systems will be required to support the development of high-capacity renewable sources of 1000 MW or greater in areas remote from major load centers. Cost estimates for new transmission facilities to integrate and dispatch some of these high-capacity renewable sources ranged from several million dollars to approximately one billion dollars, with the latter figure an increase in total investment of 35%, assuming that the renewable source is the only user of the transmission facility.

  10. Efficiently Operating Wireless Nodes Powered by Renewable Energy Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam, Natarajan

    1 Efficiently Operating Wireless Nodes Powered by Renewable Energy Sources Natarajan Gautam Senior. The node uses energy harvesting in the sense that it is powered by batteries that are charged by renewable that is responsible for transmitting messages in a timely manner while being prudent about energy consumption

  11. Dairy Biomass as a Renewable Fuel Source 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib; Goodrich, Barry; Engler, Cady; Capareda, Sergio

    2008-03-19

    biomass. This publication explains the properties of dairy manure that could make it an excellent source of fuel....

  12. Renewable source controls for grid stability.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, Raymond Harry; Elliott, Ryan Thomas; Neely, Jason C.; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto; Schoenwald, David Alan; Grant, Lisa

    2012-12-01

    The goal of this study was to evaluate the small signal and transient stability of the Western Electric- ity Coordinating Council (WECC) under high penetrations of renewable energy, and to identify control technologies that would improve the system performance. The WECC is the regional entity responsible for coordinating and promoting bulk electric system reliability in the Western Interconnection. Transient stability is the ability of the power system to maintain synchronism after a large disturbance while small signal stability is the ability of the power system to maintain synchronism after a small disturbance. Tran- sient stability analysis usually focuses on the relative rotor angle between synchronous machines compared to some stability margin. For this study we employed generator speed relative to system speed as a metric for assessing transient stability. In addition, we evaluated the system transient response using the system frequency nadir, which provides an assessment of the adequacy of the primary frequency control reserves. Small signal stability analysis typically identi es the eigenvalues or modes of the system in response to a disturbance. For this study we developed mode shape maps for the di erent scenarios. Prony analysis was applied to generator speed after a 1.4 GW, 0.5 second, brake insertion at various locations. Six di erent WECC base cases were analyzed, including the 2022 light spring case which meets the renewable portfolio standards. Because of the di culty in identifying the cause and e ect relationship in large power system models with di erent scenarios, several simulations were run on a 7-bus, 5-generator system to isolate the e ects of di erent con gurations. Based on the results of the study, for a large power system like the WECC, incorporating frequency droop into wind/solar systems provides a larger bene t to system transient response than replacing the lost inertia with synthetic inertia. From a small signal stability perspective, the increase in renewable penetration results in subtle changes to the system modes. In gen- eral, mode frequencies increase slightly, and mode shapes remain similar. The system frequency nadir for the 2022 light spring case was slightly lower than the other cases, largely because of the reduced system inertia. However, the nadir is still well above the minimum load shedding frequency of 59.5 Hz. Finally, several discrepancies were identi ed between actual and reported wind penetration, and additional work on wind/solar modeling is required to increase the delity of the WECC models.

  13. Analysis of Hydrogen Production from Renewable Electricity Sources: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levene, J. I.; Mann, M. K.; Margolis, R.; Milbrandt, A.

    2005-09-01

    To determine the potential for hydrogen production via renewable electricity sources, three aspects of the system are analyzed: a renewable hydrogen resource assessment, a cost analysis of hydrogen production via electrolysis, and the annual energy requirements of producing hydrogen for refueling. The results indicate that ample resources exist to produce transportation fuel from wind and solar power. However, hydrogen prices are highly dependent on electricity prices.

  14. Information systems and technology transfer programs on geothermal energy and other renewable sources of energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lippmann, M J

    1996-01-01

    Information systems and technology transfer programs on geothermal energy and other renewable sources of energy

  15. Vermont Air Pollution Control Regulations, Major Stationary Sources and Major Modifications (Vermont)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This section of the air quality standards applies to all major sources and major modifications and outlines the required control technology to achieve the most stringent emission rate. Emission...

  16. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    schemes in the European electricity market. Scheer H. , ThePromoting electricity from renewable energy sources –2001 on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable

  17. Contributions of Renewable Energy Resources to Re-source Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    1 Contributions of Renewable Energy Resources to Re- source Diversity George Gross, Fellow, IEEE Abstract This is a summary of the presentation on the panel entitled "Energy Resource Flexibility and Di, Resource Diversity, Resource Economics, Energy security, Inte- gration and Interconnection of Distributed

  18. Meeting Inelastic Demand in Systems with Storage and Renewable Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gautam, Natarajan

    such as wind turbines or solar panels, and an in- house energy storage device. In our setting, power demand- voltaic (PV) solar panels or wind turbines) that is situated locally and owned by the consumer. Note consider, [1] also models the use of diesel generators and external renewable sources (besides on

  19. An Interview with Professor Alexandra von Meier on an Efficient Electric Grid: Improving Visibility and Integrating Renewable Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhary, Harshika; Gill, Manraj; McGuinness, Philippa; Miller, Daniel; Patel, Saavan

    2015-01-01

    improving the integration of renewable energy sources intothe incorporation of renewable energy into the pre-existingpretty unique. It spans renewable energy, energy efficiency,

  20. Optimization and integration of renewable energy sources on a community scale using Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Bron

    2011-01-01

    Renewable Energy Source . 15 2.2 Costsof renewable energy impacts load shifting from a cost pointand costs associated with integrating a variable renewable energy

  1. "The Promise and Challenge of Algae as Renewable Sources of Biofuels...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    "The Promise and Challenge of Algae as Renewable Sources of Biofuels" 9-8-2010 - Transcript "The Promise and Challenge of Algae as Renewable Sources of Biofuels" 9-8-2010 -...

  2. Aalborg Universitet A Control Architecture to Coordinate Renewable Energy Sources and Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    Aalborg Universitet A Control Architecture to Coordinate Renewable Energy Sources and Energy architecture to coordinate renewable energy sources and energy storage systems in islanded microgrids," IEEE that energy management system takes into account both the available power in renewable energy sources (RES

  3. Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Kingdom and New York, NY, USA. #12;Final Plenary Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) 2 of 25Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for Policymakers Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. 5-8 May 2011. #12;Final Plenary Special Report Renewable Energy Sources

  4. Deferrable Load Scheduling in a Stand-alone Power System with Renewable Energy Sources and a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Cheng-Shang

    Deferrable Load Scheduling in a Stand-alone Power System with Renewable Energy Sources.O.C. Email: lds@cs.nthu.edu.tw Abstract--Renewable energy resources are environmentally friendly and have in such a system is to effectively utilize renewable energy sources so that the loads can be served as quickly

  5. The World Energy situation and the Role of Renewable Energy Sources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    The World Energy situation and the Role of Renewable Energy Sources and Advanced Nuclear situation and the Role of Renewable Energy Sources and Advanced Nuclear Technologies in Solving the Energy energy, dominance of fossil fuels, impact on the environment, energy-water nexus 2 Renewable Energy

  6. Title V permitting delayed for some non-major sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bassett, S.M.

    1996-03-01

    Some small businesses subject to the Clean Air Act`s maximum achievable control technology (MACT) regulations may be a break from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). While the businesses, considered non-major air-pollutant sources, must still meet all MACT requirements, they are likely to receive a Title V operating permit program deferral. On December 13, 1995, EPA proposed to defer Title V operating permit requirements for non-major sources in the following three industries: decorative chromium electroplating and chromium anodizing; perchloroethylene dry cleaning; ethylene oxide commercial sterilization and fumigation. In addition to describing its reasons for the temporary deferments, EPA sets forth the rationale for permanently exempting certain non-major electroplating and anodizing sources. This rationale may pave the way for small businesses in other industries to escape Title V.

  7. Am. J. Phys. 51(1), Jan. 1983 Breeder reactors: A renewable energy source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    Am. J. Phys. 51(1), Jan. 1983 Breeder reactors: A renewable energy source Bernard L. Cohen fission fulfill this definition of a renewable energy source, and in fact can supply all the world Department of Physics. University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 Since energy sources derived

  8. A Stochastic Calculus for Network Systems with Renewable Energy Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Kui; Marinakis, Dimitri

    2011-01-01

    We consider the performance modeling and evaluation of network systems powered with renewable energy sources such as solar and wind energy. Such energy sources largely depend on environmental conditions, which are hard to predict accurately. As such, it may only make sense to require the network systems to support a soft quality of service (QoS) guarantee, i.e., to guarantee a service requirement with a certain high probability. In this paper, we intend to build a solid mathematical foundation to help better understand the stochastic energy constraint and the inherent correlation between QoS and the uncertain energy supply. We utilize a calculus approach to model the cumulative amount of charged energy and the cumulative amount of consumed energy. We derive upper and lower bounds on the remaining energy level based on a stochastic energy charging rate and a stochastic energy discharging rate. By building the bridge between energy consumption and task execution (i.e., service), we study the QoS guarantee under...

  9. Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for Policymakers Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. 5-8 May 2011. #12;Final Plenary Special Report Renewable Energy Sources), Christoph von Stechow (Germany), Aviel Verbruggen (Belgium), Kevin Urama (Kenya/Nigeria), Ryan Wiser (USA

  10. Distributed Opportunistic Scheduling for Wireless Networks Powered by Renewable Energy Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    Distributed Opportunistic Scheduling for Wireless Networks Powered by Renewable Energy Sources Hang with mul- tiple transmitter-receiver pairs, in which all transmitters are ca- pable of harvesting renewable Conventional wireless communication devices are usually powered by batteries that can provide stable energy

  11. A Stochastic Power Network Calculus for Integrating Renewable Energy Sources into the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciucu, Florin

    . Low, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Renewable energy such as solar and wind generation will constitute photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines into the grid by also accounting for energy storage. To deal and sustainable energy sources, such as solar and wind. The next-generation grid will feature renewable energy

  12. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) A New Secure Renewable Energy Source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) A New Secure Renewable Energy Source For Defense load renewable energy system to achieve energy security for DoD facilities and bases Schofield Barracks and Commercial Applications 1 Dr. Ted Johnson Director of Alternative Energy Programs Development Lockheed Martin

  13. Nonionic polyoxazoline surfactants based on renewable source: Synthesis, surface and bulk properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Nonionic polyoxazoline surfactants based on renewable source: Synthesis, surface and bulk pour l'Energie), Université Montpellier II ­ Bat 15 ­ cc015, Place Eugène Bataillon, 34095 Montpellier (MOx). Lipid-macroinitiator (COTs) was obtained from commercial castor oil (CO), widely renewable

  14. Review of Support Schemes for Renewable Energy Sources in South America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Batlle, Carlos

    This article reviews the current experiences implemented to date in the South American region to promote non-conventional renewable energy sources. We briefly describe first the particular characteristics of the territory ...

  15. High Gain Transformerless DC-DC Converters for Renewable Energy Sources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denniston, Nicholas Aaron

    2011-08-08

    Renewable energy sources including photovoltaic cells, fuel cells, and wind turbines require converters with high voltage gain in order to interface with power transmission and distribution networks. These conversions are conventionally made using...

  16. IPCC Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    in the Context of Sustainable Development Chapter 10 Mitigation Potential and Costs Chapter 11 Policy, Financing Chapter 4 Geothermal Energy Chapter 5 Hydropower Chapter 6 Ocean Energy Chapter 7 Wind Energy Chapter 8 Renewable Energy Cost and Performance Parameters Annex IV Contributors to the IPCC Special Report Annex V

  17. Secondary organic aerosol formation from fossil fuel sources contribute majority of summertime organic mass at Bakersfield

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    Secondary organic aerosol formation from fossil fuel sources contribute majority of summertime organic aerosol formation from fossil fuel sources contribute majority of summertime organic mass is fossil fuel combustion from gasoline- and diesel- powered vehicles and other industrial activities (e

  18. Green power grids: how energy from renewable sources affects network and markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mureddu, Mario; Chessa, Alessandro; Scala, Antonio; Damiano, Alfonso

    2015-01-01

    The increasing attention to environmental issues is forcing the implementation of novel energy models based on renewable sources, fundamentally changing the configuration of energy management and introducing new criticalities that are only partly understood. In particular, renewable energies introduce fluctuations causing an increased request of conventional energy sources oriented to balance energy requests on short notices. In order to develop an effective usage of low-carbon sources, such fluctuations must be understood and tamed. In this paper we present a microscopic model for the description and the forecast of short time fluctuations related to renewable sources and to their effects on the electricity market. To account for the inter-dependencies among the energy market and the physical power dispatch network, we use a statistical mechanics approach to sample stochastic perturbations on the power system and an agent based approach for the prediction of the market players behavior. Our model is a data-d...

  19. A Stochastic Power Network Calculus for Integrating Renewable Energy Sources into the Power Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, K; Ciucu, F; Lin, C; Low, SH

    2012-07-01

    Renewable energy such as solar and wind generation will constitute an important part of the future grid. As the availability of renewable sources may not match the load, energy storage is essential for grid stability. In this paper we investigate the feasibility of integrating solar photovoltaic (PV) panels and wind turbines into the grid by also accounting for energy storage. To deal with the fluctuation in both the power supply and demand, we extend and apply stochastic network calculus to analyze the power supply reliability with various renewable energy configurations. To illustrate the validity of the model, we conduct a case study for the integration of renewable energy sources into the power system of an island off the coast of Southern California. In particular, we asses the power supply reliability in terms of the average Fraction of Time that energy is Not-Served (FTNS).

  20. Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources: September...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Gas to Synthesis Gas Steven F. Rice; David P. Mann (2007) 51 Avian Collisions with Wind Turbines: A Summary of Existing Studies and Comparisons to Other Sources of Avian...

  1. March 2014 Most Viewed Documents for Renewable Energy Sources...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    biomass. Final report Benemann, J.R.; Oswald, W.J. (1996) 65 > Avian Collisions with Wind Turbines: A Summary of Existing Studies and Comparisons to Other Sources of Avian...

  2. Abstract--Major transmission projects are needed to integrate and to deliver renewable energy (RE) resources.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    that maximizes total net benefits for all market participants. The findings suggest that RE subsidies can pricing. This limitation needs to be recognized in the design of RE subsidies. Index Terms-- Renewable bargaining, Game theory NOMENCLATURE Indices and sets: n Index for buses s Index for scenarios t Index

  3. Renewables

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout UsRegionalScientificRenewables Sign In About |

  4. ELECTRIFICATION OF ISOLATED AREAS BY INTERCONNECTING DIFFERENT RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY: A SUSTANAIBLE APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and environmental impacts; improve the installations ; train the surveying staff and the Moroccan trainers) Global intend to join their efforts to develop a technique to generate electricity from primary renewable sources : (hydraulic, solar and wind-energy) supplying small networks of isolated consumers

  5. Producing methane from electrical current generated using renewable energy sources using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Producing methane from electrical current generated using renewable energy sources using electrical current 5 Liu et al. (2004) Environ. Sci. Technol. #12;6 Getting energy from food (biomass) C6H12O methanogenic microorganisms Bruce E. Logan Penn State University Engineering Energy & Environmental Institute

  6. The integration of renewable energy sources into electric power distribution systems. Volume 2, Utility case assessments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zaininger, H.W.; Ellis, P.R.; Schaefer, J.C.

    1994-06-01

    Electric utility distribution system impacts associated with the integration of renewable energy sources such as photovoltaics (PV) and wind turbines (WT) are considered in this project. The impacts are expected to vary from site to site according to the following characteristics: (1) The local solar insolation and/or wind characteristics; (2) renewable energy source penetration level; (3) whether battery or other energy storage systems are applied; and (4) local utility distribution design standards and planning practices. Small, distributed renewable energy sources are connected to the utility distribution system like other, similar kW- and MW-scale equipment and loads. Residential applications are expected to be connected to single-phase 120/240-V secondaries. Larger kw-scale applications may be connected to three-phase secondaries, and larger hundred-kW and MW-scale applications, such as MW-scale windfarms or PV plants, may be connected to electric utility primary systems via customer-owned primary and secondary collection systems. Small, distributed renewable energy sources installed on utility distribution systems will also produce nonsite-specific utility generation system benefits such as energy and capacity displacement benefits, in addition to the local site-specific distribution system benefits. Although generation system benefits are not site-specific, they are utility-specific, and they vary significantly among utilities in different regions. In addition, transmission system benefits, environmental benefits and other benefits may apply. These benefits also vary significantly among utilities and regions. Seven utility case studies considering PV, WT, and battery storage were conducted to identify a range of potential renewable energy source distribution system applications.

  7. Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Recent Leaf-Litter-Derived Carbon Is Not a Major Source for Mineral Soil Microbial Communities mineral soil microbes. ·The results provided quantitative evidence that root-derived C is the major (>60: Microbial communities in soil A horizons derive their carbon from several potential sources: organic carbon

  8. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haas, Reinhard; Meyer, Niels I.; Held, Anne; Finon, Dominique; Lorenzoni, Arturo; Wiser, Ryan; Nishio, Ken-ichiro

    2007-06-01

    The promotion of electricity generated from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) has recently gained high priority in the energy policy strategies of many countries in response to concerns about global climate change, energy security and other reasons. This chapter compares and contrasts the experience of a number of countries in Europe, states in the US as well as Japan in promoting RES, identifying what appear to be the most successful policy measures. Clearly, a wide range of policy instruments have been tried and are in place in different parts of the world to promote renewable energy technologies. The design and performance of these schemes varies from place to place, requiring further research to determine their effectiveness in delivering the desired results. The main conclusions that can be drawn from the present analysis are: (1) Generally speaking, promotional schemes that are properly designed within a stable framework and offer long-term investment continuity produce better results. Credibility and continuity reduce risks thus leading to lower profit requirements by investors. (2) Despite their significant growth in absolute terms in a number of key markets, the near-term prognosis for renewables is one of modest success if measured in terms of the percentage of the total energy provided by renewables on a world-wide basis. This is a significant challenge, suggesting that renewables have to grow at an even faster pace if we expect them to contribute on a significant scale to the world's energy mix.

  9. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    and J. Hamrin. 2005. “Renewable Energy Policies and Marketsexperience with renewable energy obligation supportM. (2001): REBUS: Renewable Energy Burden Sharing (Main

  10. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    and J. Hamrin. 2005. “Renewable Energy Policies and Marketspromoting the development of renewable energy". In: Energyand optimisation of renewable support schemes in the

  11. Agile Frequency Scaling for Adaptive Power Allocation in Many-core Systems Powered by Renewable Energy Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Mei

    Agile Frequency Scaling for Adaptive Power Allocation in Many-core Systems Powered by Renewable problem in this paper. We attempt to solve this problem by proposing an Adaptive Power Allocation have to undergo a significant change when a renewable energy source is scavenging. APAT has a linear

  12. Geothermal-Heat Extraction As a source of renewable energy, geothermal-heat extraction has become increasingly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornhuber, Ralf

    Geothermal-Heat Extraction As a source of renewable energy, geothermal-heat extraction has become increasingly important in recent years. Proper design of a geothermal system, be it for deep or for shallow

  13. Optimization and integration of renewable energy sources on a community scale using Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Bron

    2011-01-01

    sources. For instance, electricity transmission lines andRenewable Electricity Through Transmission Load Flowtransmission lines throughout the state would require additional capacity above future projected capacities in order to meet electricity

  14. To be included in this de"nition, the organic matter must be derived from a renewable source of biomass such as sustained yield forestry or

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Jaccard). Energy Policy 29 (2001) 263}277 The renewable portfolio standard: design considerations sources are sometimes subsidized, their full pollution costs are ignored, and renewables involve newer), and the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). The RPS requires a minimum share of electricity from renewable energy

  15. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    J. Hamrin. 2005. “Renewable Energy Policies and Markets inKomor Paul: Renewable Energy Policy, Diebold Institute forN.I. (2004a): “Renewable energy policy in Denmark”, Energy

  16. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Renewable Energy Sources For Use in the New SUB

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a project/report". #12;An Investigation into Renewable Energy Sources For Use in the New SUB Written by into Renewable Energy Sources For Use in the New SUB Nelson Lee, Kagiso Monageng, Hilmo Salimovic, Pouria Talebi the sustainable implementation of a renewable energy in the new UBC Student Union Building. The first step

  17. Understanding the EPA guidance on major source determinations for military installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ling, A.D. [Dept. of the Navy, Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-12-31

    In August 1996, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued the first ever Clean Air Act (CAA) guidance directed specifically at military facilities. The Guidance, titled Major Source Determinations for Military Installations under the Air Toxics, New Source Review and Title V Operating Permit Programs of the Clean Air Act, was negotiated by an EPA/DoD workgroup that included field and headquarters EPA and DoD representatives, and was led by the Navy. This paper describes the development and contents of the guidance and the significant legal and policy issues raised. By statute and rule, all sources under common control on contiguous or adjacent property and belonging to the same two digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) Code must be aggregated when determining if the source is a major source. DoD requested that EPA develop the guidance because of a move by EPA to impose a fenceline-to-fenceline interpretation of what constitutes a major source for purposes of the three programs identified above. Such an interpretation could and did result in more stringent regulation of industrial sources on military installations than of similar industrial plants. The guidance establishes EPA`s allowable interpretation of two of the three key elements of the major source definition. First, the guidance specifies that common control occurs at the military service level; therefore, sources belonging to the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, the National Guard or a Defense Agency that are located on the same installation could each be treated separately. Second, the guidance allows the military to assign SIC codes to functional industrial groupings in a manner similar to the private sector. Past practice grouped all national defense activities under the same SIC code.

  18. pr_renew.indd

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    95 Prices and expenditures for renewable energy sources are based on consumption estimates from the State Energy Data System (SEDS). Renewable energy sources reported in SEDS...

  19. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    World Energy Outlook 2006, Paris International Energy Agency (2006b): Renewables Information 2006. With 2005 data.

  20. Industrialized Animal Production--A Major Source of Nutrient and Microbial Pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallin, Michael

    and regionally. Individual concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) now house hundreds to thousandsIndustrialized Animal Production--A Major Source of Nutrient and Microbial Pollution to Aquatic, and cattle are raised and fed in concen- trated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) owned by large, vertically

  1. ESTERFIP, a transesterification process to produce biodiesel from renewable energy source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hennico, A.; Chodorge, J.A. [Institut Francais Du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

    1995-12-31

    The IFP ESTERFIP process, is based on the catalytic transesterification of fatty oils (rapeseed oil, soybean oil, palm oil, cottonseed oil, etc.): Vegetable Oils (Triglycerides) + Methanol----Esters + Glycerol. The press consists of the following major steps: Transesterification of the vegetable oil (obtained by classical grain trituration and partially refining) by dry methanol in the presence of a basic catalyst; Decantation to completely separate the esters from the glycerine; Water washing and purification of the ester phase to climinate the last traces of catalyst particles; Vacuum evaporation of the ester product to recover traces of remaining alcohol and water; Purification of the glycerine by-product; Environmental advantages of bio-diesel versus conventional diesel fuel are: No sulfur nor aromatics; Presence of oxygen in the molecular composition; Renewable energy; Highly biodegradable. Technical aspects of the Esterfip process as well as diesel fuel applications will be described.

  2. In addition to efforts producing energy from more renewable sources, microbial electrochemical cells (MXCs) can utilize anode respiring bacteria (ARB) to couple the oxidation of an organic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    In addition to efforts producing energy from more renewable sources, microbial electrochemical avenue for tackling some of human energy problems. Chemical Engineering Master's Defense Electrochemical and Energy #12;

  3. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    cost disadvantage compared to electricity generated from fossil or nuclear fuels 2 . A significant switch to a renewable energy

  4. Biofuels and Renewable Energy Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bioenergy Conventional Renewable Energy Wind Power Hydro Power Power System INL Home Biofuels and Renewable Energy Renewable energy resources are expected to play major role in...

  5. Geothermal-Heat Extraction As a source of renewable energy, geothermal-heat extraction has become increasingly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornhuber, Ralf

    period before the injected cold water significantly affects the groundwater temperature at the extraction horizontal (steady) flow and (transient) heat-transport model for a warm-water extraction / cold-waterGeothermal-Heat Extraction As a source of renewable energy, geothermal-heat extraction has become

  6. The World Energy situation andThe World Energy situation and the Role of Renewable Energy Sources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    The World Energy situation andThe World Energy situation and the Role of Renewable Energy Sources, in Solving the Energy and Environmental Problems Mohamed Abdou Distinguished Professor of Engineering and Applied Science (UCLA) Director, Center for Energy Science & Technology (UCLA) President, Council

  7. In order to reduce emissions and enhance energy security, renewable power sources are being introduced proactively. As the fraction of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Firestone, Jeremy

    as a distributed energy resource as well as an energy storage for propulsion. The authors have built a plug to the power grid to provide higher efficiency, better energy security, and lower greenhouse gas emissionsAbstract In order to reduce emissions and enhance energy security, renewable power sources

  8. Renewable energy technology characterizations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    1997-12-01

    The Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describe the technical and economic status of the major emerging renewable energy options for electricity supply.

  9. Photon Science for Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hussain, Zahid

    2010-01-01

    Photon Science for renewable Energy at Light-Sourceour planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources ofa global revolution in renewable and carbon- neutral energy

  10. Major models and data sources for residential and commercial sector energy conservation analysis. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-09-01

    Major models and data sources are reviewed that can be used for energy-conservation analysis in the residential and commercial sectors to provide an introduction to the information that can or is available to DOE in order to further its efforts in analyzing and quantifying their policy and program requirements. Models and data sources examined in the residential sector are: ORNL Residential Energy Model; BECOM; NEPOOL; MATH/CHRDS; NIECS; Energy Consumption Data Base: Household Sector; Patterns of Energy Use by Electrical Appliances Data Base; Annual Housing Survey; 1970 Census of Housing; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; RECS; Solar Market Development Model; and ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book. Models and data sources examined in the commercial sector are: ORNL Commercial Sector Model of Energy Demand; BECOM; NEPOOL; Energy Consumption Data Base: Commercial Sector; F.W. Dodge Data Base; NFIB Energy Report for Small Businesses; ADL Commercial Sector Energy Use Data Base; AIA Research Corporation Data Base; Nonresidential Buildings Surveys of Energy Consumption; General Electric Co: Commercial Sector Data Base; The BOMA Commercial Sector Data Base; The Tishman-Syska and Hennessy Data Base; The NEMA Commercial Sector Data Base; ORNL Buildings Energy Use Data Book; and Solar Market Development Model. Purpose; basis for model structure; policy variables and parameters; level of regional, sectoral, and fuels detail; outputs; input requirements; sources of data; computer accessibility and requirements; and a bibliography are provided for each model and data source.

  11. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    Renewable Energy Funds Rebates FIT/premium Quota obligationof these programs involves rebates and production incentivesthrough capital cost rebates – denominated in $ per Watt –

  12. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    generators, e.g. roof PV, small wind, and small hydro. Thefulfillment) Small and large hydro, wind, biomass No smallinvolved technologies small hydro****, wind, all renewables,

  13. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    Wind, Biomass, Small hydro, for Energy and Competitiveness”half of the non-hydro renewable energy capacity additionsshore wind 50€, hydro: 50€, solar energy: 150€, biomass: 20

  14. Abstract--Wind energy is the fastest growing source of renewable energy in the power industry and it will continue to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    1 Abstract--Wind energy is the fastest growing source of renewable energy in the power industry fault conditions. Index Terms--induction generators, wind power generation, fault tolerance. I of energy. Wind energy is the fastest growing source of renewable energy in the power industry

  15. Integration of Renewable Energy Sources in Future Power Systems: The Role of Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitemeyer, Stefan; Vogt, Thomas; Agert, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Integrating a high share of electricity from non-dispatchable Renewable Energy Sources in a power supply system is a challenging task. One option considered in many studies dealing with prospective power systems is the installation of storage devices to balance the fluctuations in power production. However, it is not yet clear how soon storage devices will be needed and how the integration process depends on different storage parameters. Using long-term solar and wind energy power production data series, we present a modelling approach to investigate the influence of storage size and efficiency on the pathway towards a 100% RES scenario. Applying our approach to data for Germany, we found that up to 50% of the overall electricity demand can be met by an optimum combination of wind and solar resources without both curtailment and storage devices if the remaining energy is provided by sufficiently flexible power plants. Our findings show further that the installation of small, but highly efficient storage devic...

  16. Determination of biogas generation potential as a renewable energy source from supermarket wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alkanok, Gizem; Demirel, Burak Onay, Turgut T.

    2014-01-15

    Highlights: • Disposal of supermarket wastes in landfills may contribute to environmental pollution. • High methane yields can be obtained from supermarket wastes by anaerobic co-digestion. • Fruit and vegetable wastes or dairy products wastes could individually be handled by a two-stage anaerobic process. • Buffering capacity, trace metal and C/N ratio are essential for digestion of supermarket wastes. - Abstract: Fruit, vegetable, flower waste (FVFW), dairy products waste (DPW), meat waste (MW) and sugar waste (SW) obtained from a supermarket chain were anaerobically digested, in order to recover methane as a source of renewable energy. Batch mesophilic anaerobic reactors were run at total solids (TS) ratios of 5%, 8% and 10%. The highest methane yield of 0.44 L CH{sub 4}/g VS{sub added} was obtained from anaerobic digestion of wastes (FVFW + DPW + MW + SW) at 10% TS, with 66.4% of methane (CH{sub 4}) composition in biogas. Anaerobic digestion of mixed wastes at 5% and 8% TS provided slightly lower methane yields of 0.41 and 0.40 L CH{sub 4}/g VS{sub added}, respectively. When the wastes were digested alone without co-substrate addition, the highest methane yield of 0.40 L CH{sub 4}/g VS{sub added} was obtained from FVFW at 5% TS. Generally, although the volatile solids (VS) conversion percentages seemed low during the experiments, higher methane yields could be obtained from anaerobic digestion of supermarket wastes. A suitable carbon/nitrogen (C/N) ratio, proper adjustment of the buffering capacity and the addition of essential trace nutrients (such as Ni) could improve VS conversion and biogas production yields significantly.

  17. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy An Introduction to the 2010 Fuel Cell Pre a d t ade o a to educe Advancing Presidential Priorities Energy efficiency and renewable energy, cleanest, Recovery Act energy projectsfastest energy source ­ energy efficiency · Double renewable energy

  18. Optimization and integration of renewable energy sources on a community scale using Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Bron

    2011-01-01

    in the Integration of Renewable Energy into the Smart Grid."Challenges of Integrating Renewable Energy into Electricitythe United States." Renewable Energy 34 (2009): 1270- 1278.

  19. Optimization and integration of renewable energy sources on a community scale using Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Bron

    2011-01-01

    in the Integration of Renewable Energy into the Smart Grid."Challenges of Integrating Renewable Energy into Electricityand Demand of Intermittent Renewable Electricity Through

  20. Renewable Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2005-12-07

    Broadcast Transcript: As China's economy booms, its demand for energy grows. With oil prices up and coal-fired power plants choking Chinese cities and people, the government is aggressively developing renewable energy sources, particularly wind...

  1. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Source: US DOE 10/2010 Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies ­ Upcoming Workshops & Solicitations Source: US DOE 10/2010 2 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012

  2. Evidence of Reactive Aromatics As a Major Source of Peroxy Acetyl Nitrate over China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Zhen; Wang, Yuhang; Gu, Dasa; Zhao, Chun; Huey, L. G.; Stickel, Robert; Liao, Jin; Shao, Min; Zhu, T.; Zeng, Limin; Liu, Shaw C.; Chang, Chih-Chung; Amoroso, Antonio; Costabile, Francesa

    2010-09-15

    We analyze the observations of near-surface peroxy acetyl nitrate (PAN) and its precursors in Beijing, China in August of 2007. The levels of PAN are remarkably high (up to 14 ppbv), surpassing those measured over other urban regions in recent years. Analyses employing a 1-D version of a chemical transport model (Regional chEmical and trAnsport Model, REAM) indicate that aromatic non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHCs) are the dominant (55-75%) PAN source. The major oxidation product of aromatics that produces acetyl peroxy radicals is methylglyoxal (MGLY). PAN and O3 in the observations are correlated at daytime; aromatic NMHCs appear to play an important role in O3 photochemistry. Previous NMHC measurements indicate the presence of reactive aromatics at high levels over broad polluted regions of China. Aromatics are often ignored in global and (to a lesser degree) regional 3D photochemical transport models; their emissions over China as well as photochemistry are quite uncertain.Our findings suggest that critical assessments of aromatics emissions and chemistry (such as the yields of MGLY) are necessary to understand and assess ozone photochemistry and regional pollution export in China.

  3. Major sources to waivers - lessons learned and $ saved at two U.S. Navy facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klitsch, M. [Naval Surface Warfare Center, West Bethesda, MD (United States). Carderock Div.

    1997-12-31

    Naval Surface Warfare Center Carderock Division (NSWCCD) manages 17 US Navy research and development (R and D) facilities across the country. These include two facilities in Maryland -- one in Annapolis and the other in West Bethesda which is better known as Carderock. NO{sub x} is the only air emission which exceeds a threshold limit at both properties. The potential to emit NO{sub x} is 72 tpy for Annapolis and 51 tpy for Carderock. The facilities are in different counties but each county has a trigger limit for NO{sub x} of 25 tpy making both facilities major sources. In preparation for the Title V permit applications to the state of Maryland, Carderock budgeted $150,000 in fiscal year 1996 to have a contractor conduct air emission inventories and prepare the Title V permits for both Carderock and Annapolis. However, the Carderock Air Program Manager did not pursue a contractor to perform the work but personally conducted the air emission inventory for both Annapolis and Carderock. Noticing a large difference between the potential-to-emit and the actual emissions of NO{sub x}, the Air Program Manager began negotiations with the Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) to waive the requirement for the Title V permit application. MDE responded in December 1996 that if the facility`s actual emissions would not exceed 50% of any of the threshold limits during any 12 month period, then a letter of understanding stating such should be submitted to MDE. This letter of understanding would be recognized by the US EPA and MDE and would act as a waiver to the Title V permit applicability up to July 31, 1998. Carderock and Annapolis meet this requirement and letters of understanding were drafted and sent to MDE in January 1997.

  4. Renewable Energy Training and Education

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Multiple resources exist to train Federal agency personnel to integrate renewable energy into Federal new construction or major renovation projects. Even if the agency is outsourcing renewable...

  5. Renewable Energy | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Science & Innovation Energy Sources Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Watch as these fourth grade students go from learning about electricity to making their own electricity...

  6. Assessing Renewable Energy Options

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Federal agencies should assess renewable energy options for each specific project when integrating renewable energy in new building construction or major renovations. This section covers the preliminary screening, screening, feasibility study, and sizing and designing systems phases.

  7. Integration of renewable energy sources: reliability-constrained power system planning and operations using computational intelligence 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lingfeng

    2009-05-15

    studied in the dissertation include reliability evaluation of power systems with time-dependent energy sources, multi-objective design of hybrid generation systems, risk and cost tradeoff in economic dispatch with wind power penetration, optimal placement...

  8. PSCAD/EMTDC-Based Modeling and Analysis of a Microgrid with Renewable Energy Sources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Zhengguo

    2010-07-14

    Microgrid is a relatively new concept which has gained significant attention recently due to the increasing penetration of distributed energy sources. It brings many benefits to the traditional distribution system. Couples of microgrid testbeds...

  9. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    PV), solid biomass, hydro power and biogas. Other optionsnew picture emerges if hydro power is excluded (Figure 2).of low price sources like hydro power is low, the weighted

  10. Promoting electricity from renewable energy sources -- lessons learned from the EU, U.S. and Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Reinhard

    2008-01-01

    on RES in Germany Source: International Energy Agency 2006,feed-in system in Germany. In: Energy Policy, 34 (3), 297-Germany and Spain are often named as the main driver for investments especially in wind energy.

  11. The association between vital signs and major hemorrhagic injury is significantly improved after controlling for sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The association between vital signs and major hemorrhagic injury is significantly improved after: Vital signs; Decision support systems; Clinical; Hemorrhage; Data interpretation; Statistical; Emergency care; Prehospital; Trauma Abstract Purpose: Measurement error and transient variability affect vital

  12. Integration of Renewable Distributed Energy Resources into Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Rui

    2015-01-01

    on Renewable Energy Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . SolarIntegration of Renewable Distributed Energy Re- sources intoIntegration of Renewable Distributed Energy Re- sources into

  13. An Interview with Professor Alexandra von Meier on an Efficient Electric Grid: Improving Visibility and Integrating Renewable Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chowdhary, Harshika; Gill, Manraj; McGuinness, Philippa; Miller, Daniel; Patel, Saavan

    2015-01-01

    and future power distribution grids, micro-synchrophasor technology and the challenges with optimizing the incorporation of renewable energy

  14. $^{22}Ne$ a primary source of neutron for the s-process and a major neutron poison in CEMP AGB stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallino, R; Husti, L; Käppeler, F; Cristallo, S; Straniero, O

    2006-01-01

    $^{22}Ne$ a primary source of neutron for the s-process and a major neutron poison in CEMP AGB stars

  15. Production of Hydrogen for Clean and Renewable Source of Energy for Fuel Cell Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Xunming; Ingler, William B, Jr.; Abraham, Martin; Castellano, Felix; Coleman, Maria; Collins, Robert; Compaan, Alvin; Giolando, Dean; Jayatissa, Ahalapitiya. H.; Stuart, Thomas; Vonderembse, Mark

    2008-10-31

    This was a two-year project that had two major components: 1) the demonstration of a PV-electrolysis system that has separate PV system and electrolysis unit and the hydrogen generated is to be used to power a fuel cell based vehicle; 2) the development of technologies for generation of hydrogen through photoelectrochemical process and bio-mass derived resources. Development under this project could lead to the achievement of DOE technical target related to PEC hydrogen production at low cost. The PEC part of the project is focused on the development of photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation devices and systems using thin-film silicon based solar cells. Two approaches are taken for the development of efficient and durable photoelectrochemical cells; 1) An immersion-type photoelectrochemical cells (Task 3) where the photoelectrode is immersed in electrolyte, and 2) A substrate-type photoelectrochemical cell (Task 2) where the photoelectrode is not in direct contact with electrolyte. Four tasks are being carried out: Task 1: Design and analysis of DC voltage regulation system for direct PV-to-electrolyzer power feed Task 2: Development of advanced materials for substrate-type PEC cells Task 3: Development of advanced materials for immersion-type PEC cells Task 4: Hydrogen production through conversion of biomass-derived wastes

  16. Anaerobic Digestion of Algal Biomass Residues with Nutrient Recycle Microalgae are currently considered as a renewable source of liquid and gaseous biofuels and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    are currently considered as a renewable source of liquid and gaseous biofuels and a practical technology of the most sustainable and promising of biofuel feedstock, demonstrating particularly high growth rates, and their entrained lipids, can offer several different types of biofuel and bioenergy production options including

  17. Relative Economic Incentives for Hydrogen from Nuclear, Renewable, and Fossil Energy Sources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forsberg, Charles W [ORNL] [ORNL; Gorensek, M. B. [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL)] [Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL)

    2007-01-01

    The specific hydrogen market determines the value of hydrogen from different sources. Each hydrogen production technology has its own distinct characteristics. For example, steam reforming of natural gas produces only hydrogen. In contrast, nuclear and solar hydrogen production facilities produce hydrogen together with oxygen as a by-product or co-product. For a user who needs both oxygen and hydrogen, the value of hydrogen from nuclear and solar plants is higher than that from a fossil plant because 'free' oxygen is produced as a by-product. Six factors that impact the relative economics of fossil, nuclear, and solar hydrogen production to the customer are identified: oxygen by-product, avoidance of carbon dioxide emissions, hydrogen transport costs, storage costs, availability of low-cost heat, and institutional factors. These factors imply that different hydrogen production technologies will be competitive in different markets and that the first markets for nuclear and solar hydrogen will be those markets in which they have a unique competitive advantage. These secondary economic factors are described and quantified in terms of dollars per kilogram of hydrogen.

  18. RELATIVE ECONOMIC INCENTIVES FOR HYDROGEN FROM NUCLEAR, RENEWABLE, AND FOSSIL ENERGY SOURCES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gorensek, M; Charles W. Forsberg, C

    2008-08-04

    The specific hydrogen market determines the value of hydrogen from different sources. Each hydrogen production technology has its own distinct characteristics. For example, steam reforming of natural gas produces only hydrogen. In contrast, nuclear and solar hydrogen production facilities produce hydrogen together with oxygen as a by-product or co-product. For a user who needs both oxygen and hydrogen, the value of hydrogen from nuclear and solar plants is higher than that from a fossil plant because 'free' oxygen is produced as a by-product. Six factors that impact the relative economics of fossil, nuclear, and solar hydrogen production to the customer are identified: oxygen by-product, avoidance of carbon dioxide emissions, hydrogen transport costs, storage costs, availability of low-cost heat, and institutional factors. These factors imply that different hydrogen production technologies will be competitive in different markets and that the first markets for nuclear and solar hydrogen will be those markets in which they have a unique competitive advantage. These secondary economic factors are described and quantified in terms of dollars per kilogram of hydrogen.

  19. NREL Response to the Report 'Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources' from King Juan Carlos University (Spain) (White Paper)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

    2009-08-01

    Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural America and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy. The report, Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources, from King Juan Carlos University in Spain, is one recent addition to this debate. This report asserts that, on average, every renewable energy job in Spain 'destroyed' 2.2 jobs in the broader Spanish economy. The authors also apply this ratio to the U.S. context to estimate expected job loss from renewable energy development and policy in the United States. This memo discusses fundamental and technical limitations of the analysis by King Juan Carlos University and notes critical assumptions implicit in the ultimate conclusions of their work. The memo also includes a review of traditional employment impact analyses that rely on accepted, peer-reviewed methodologies, and it highlights specific variables that can significantly influence the results of traditional employment impact analysis.

  20. Renewable energy and telecommunications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable energy and telecommunications Case study: Energy Systems Week When AK Erlang first used fossil fuels and switch to renewable energy sources. But the unlikely convergence of the two fields lay to be able to deal with. "If we integrate renewable energies, such as wind power, in the electricity grid

  1. Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership: An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, N.

    2010-01-01

    contain other renewable sources (solar, geothermal, bio-Solar Customer-sited Solar Renewable Generation Mix 2025Solar Customer-sited Solar Renewable Capacity 2025 Renewable

  2. Equilibrium Transitions from Non Renewable Energy to Renewable Energy under Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equilibrium Transitions from Non Renewable Energy to Renewable Energy under Capacity Constraints 12 renewable and renewable energy sources with adjustment costs over the production capacity of renewable and a more expensive renewable energy, we show the following. With sufficiently abundant non renewable energy

  3. Risk Management and Combinatorial Optimization for Large-Scale Demand Response and Renewable Energy Integration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Insoon

    2015-01-01

    flexible future grid in which renewable energy sources andflexible future grid in which distributed renewable energy

  4. Philippines: Small-scale renewable energy update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    This paper gives an overview of the application of small scale renewable energy sources in the Philippines. Sources looked at include solar, biomass, micro-hydroelectric, mini-hydroelectric, wind, mini-geothermal, and hybrid. A small power utilities group is being spun off the major utility, to provide a structure for developing rural electrification programs. In some instances, private companies have stepped forward, avoiding what is perceived as overwhelming beaurocracy, and installed systems with private financing. The paper provides information on survey work which has been done on resources, and the status of cooperative programs to develop renewable systems in the nation.

  5. Renewable Hydrogen: Technology Review and Policy Recommendations for State-Level Sustainable Energy Futures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy; Edwards, Jennifer Lynn; Brooks, Cameron

    2006-01-01

    Partnership Finalizes Hydro- gen Energy Roadmap,” World Wideenergy funds and other stakeholders can help develop this knowledge base for renewable hydro-energy sources; • The status of major U.S. state activities for hydro-

  6. Energy Sources: Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Why Hydrogen? * Fossil fuels release CO 2 , SO X , NO X SO X , NO X * Declining reserves, national security security GM Hydrogen Energy Hydrogen- the use of Hydrogen gas in...

  7. Renewable energy generation sources

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergyWind Energy Wind Find More Like

  8. Development of renewable energy solutions has become a major interest among environmental organizations and governments around the world due to an increase in energy consumption and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and quantitative predict wind turbine performance in urban areas, CFD simulation is performed on real-life urban are predicted, the results are then used to calculate the best location for small wind turbine installments fast growing renewable energy solution is the application of wind energy in cities. To qualitative

  9. Managing R&D Risk in Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Papineau, Maya

    2008-01-01

    of renewable energy production of potential transportationeach potential alternative renewable energy source will beMultiple renewable energy technologies have the potential to

  10. Managing R&D Risk in Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Papineau, Maya

    2008-01-01

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department$Millions) Total Energy Renewable Share of total Source:Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department

  11. The Social Complexity of Renewable Energy Production in the Countryside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunze, Conrad; Busch, Henner

    2011-01-01

    the development of local renewable energy strategies: Theof energy by local, renewable sources. Refrences Altvater,in Germany to support renewable energies. Published master

  12. ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND RENEWABLE POWER FOR IMPLANTABLE NEUROSTIMULATORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pantchenko, Oxana S.

    2012-01-01

    38 3. Renewable Power for ImplantableCOMPATIBILITY AND RENEWABLE POWER FOR IMPLANTABLER, Isaacson M, Shakouri A: A renewable energy power source

  13. Managing R&D Risk in Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Papineau, Maya

    2008-01-01

    from wind Other Renewable solar wind Sources: Khanna (2007),federal renewable energy R&D spending in solar, wind,hydrogen, solar and wind energy. Federal renewable energy

  14. Optimization and integration of renewable energy sources on a community scale using Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Bron

    2011-01-01

    2008. —. " —.Variability of Wind Power and other Renewables:McGowan, James F. Manwell. "Wind power systems for zero nettechnologies such as wind power or solar PV have surfaced

  15. Microgrid Policy Review of Selected Major Countries, Regions, and Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Min

    2014-01-01

    Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and DistributedPower Grid with renewable Energy Resources Project Funded bypdf 2. Spanish Renewable Energy Review http://www.erec.org/

  16. Microgrid Policy Review of Selected Major Countries, Regions, and Organizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Min

    2014-01-01

    4.IRED (Integration of Renewable Energy Sources and1.Regional Power Grid with renewable Energy Resourcespdf 2. Spanish Renewable Energy Review http://www.erec.org/

  17. Maricopa County- Renewable Energy Systems Zoning Ordinance

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Maricopa County Zoning Ordinance contains provisions for siting renewable energy systems. The ordinance defines renewable energy as "energy derived primarily from sources other than fossil...

  18. Photon Science for renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Knowles, David William

    Photon Science for renewable energy at Light-Source Facilities of Today andTomorrow Lawrence revolution in renewable and carbon- neutral energy technologies. in these pages, we outline and illustrate is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet.The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources

  19. 25 APRIL 2014 VOL 344 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org352 Tanks for the BatteriesThe need to store energy from wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    from wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources could spark a revival of a dormant battery, for example, now have so-called renewable portfolio standards that require their energy mix to include as much25 APRIL 2014 VOL 344 SCIENCE www.sciencemag.org352 Tanks for the BatteriesThe need to store energy

  20. Renewable Energy Issues Rangan Banerjee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    Photovoltaic #12;Renewable installed capacity and generation Installed Capacity (MW) Estimated Capacity factor Present consumption pattern predominantly -fossil fuel Limited fossil reserves Adverse environmental impacts Unsustainable Need for transition to renewable energy systems #12;Large, Inexhaustible source

  1. Renewable energy annual 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-12-01

    The Renewable Energy Annual 1995 is the first in an expected series of annual reports the Energy Information Administration (EIA) intends to publish to provide a comprehensive assessment of renewable energy. This report presents the following information on the history, status, and prospects of renewable energy data: estimates of renewable resources; characterizations of renewable energy technologies; descriptions of industry infrastructures for individual technologies; evaluations of current market status; and assessments of near-term prospects for market growth. An international section is included, as well as two feature articles that discuss issues of importance for renewable energy as a whole. The report also contains a number of technical appendices and a glossary. The renewable energy sources included are biomass (wood), municipal solid waste, biomass-derived liquid fuels, geothermal, wind, and solar and photovoltaic.

  2. Abstract--The integration of variable renewable generation sources continues to be a significant area of focus for power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    area of focus for power system planning. Renewable portfolio standards and initiatives to reduce in the electricity production. With the expected electrification of transportation, electric vehicles may offer a new of control to vary the charge rate in response to grid stress. Many approaches to this problem exist

  3. Role of Energy Storage with Renewable Electricity Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.

    2010-01-01

    Renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, have vast potential to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions in the electric sector. Climate change concerns, state initiatives including renewable portfolio standards, and consumer efforts are resulting in increased deployments of both technologies. Both solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind energy have variable and uncertain (sometimes referred to as intermittent) output, which are unlike the dispatchable sources used for the majority of electricity generation in the United States. The variability of these sources has led to concerns regarding the reliability of an electric grid that derives a large fraction of its energy from these sources as well as the cost of reliably integrating large amounts of variable generation into the electric grid. In this report, we explore the role of energy storage in the electricity grid, focusing on the effects of large-scale deployment of variable renewable sources (primarily wind and solar energy).

  4. Offshore Renewable Energy Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Offshore Renewable Energy Solutions #12;Cefas: meeting complex requirements The Centre power ­ to meet its target of achieving 15% of energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020. Cefas and sustainable energy supply. The UK is uniquely placed to harness its natural resources ­ wind, wave and tidal

  5. OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Canet, Léonie

    © OECD/IEA 2013 World Renewable Energy Outlook 2030-2050 Paolo Frankl Head, Renewable Energy 2030 2035 TWh Coal Renewables Gas Nuclear Oil Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2012 New Policies important renewable energy source in industry in 2050 solar thermal contributes mainly to low

  6. The potential of renewable energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-03-01

    On June 27 and 28, 1989, the US Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratories were convened to discuss plans for the development of a National Energy Strategy (NES) and, in particular, the analytic needs in support of NES that could be addressed by the laboratories. As a result of that meeting, interlaboratory teams were formed to produce analytic white papers on key topics, and a lead laboratory was designated for each core laboratory team. The broad-ranging renewables assignment is summarized by the following issue statement from the Office of Policy, Planning and Analysis: to what extent can renewable energy technologies contribute to diversifying sources of energy supply What are the major barriers to greater renewable energy use and what is the potential timing of widespread commercialization for various categories of applications This report presents the results of the intensive activity initiated by the June 1989 meeting to produce a white paper on renewable energy. Scores of scientists, analysts, and engineers in the five core laboratories gave generously of their time over the past eight months to produce this document. Their generous, constructive efforts are hereby gratefully acknowledged. 126 refs., 44 figs., 32 tabs.

  7. RENEWABLES 2014 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Hydropower Association (IHA) Heinz Kopetz World Bioenergy Association (WBA) Stefan Gsänger World technologies have demonstrated their immense potential. Today, renewables are seen not only as sources

  8. Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop: Report of Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruth, M.; Antkowiak, M.; Gossett, S.

    2011-12-01

    Two of the major challenges the U.S. energy sector faces are greenhouse gas emissions and oil that is both imported and potentially reaching a peak (the point at which maximum extraction is reached). Interest in development of both renewable and nuclear energy has been strong because both have potential for overcoming these challenges. Research in both energy sources is ongoing, but relatively little research has focused on the potential benefits of combining nuclear and renewable energy. In September 2011, the Joint Institute for Strategic Energy Analysis (JISEA) convened the Nuclear and Renewable Energy Synergies Workshop at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to identify potential synergies and strategic leveraging opportunities between nuclear energy and renewable energy. Industry, government, and academic thought leaders gathered to identify potential broad categories of synergies and brainstorm topic areas for additional analysis and research and development (R&D). This report records the proceedings and outcomes of the workshop.

  9. Renewable Energy Atlas of the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuiper, J.; Hlava, K.; Greenwood, H.; Carr, A.

    2013-12-13

    The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software. The report also includes: ? A description of each of the components of the Atlas; ? Lists of the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and ? A brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies. The Atlas includes the following: ? A GIS database organized as a set of Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI) ArcGIS Personal GeoDatabases, and ? ESRI ArcReader and ArcGIS project files providing an interactive map visualization and analysis interface.

  10. Wind Energy EFA Wind energy has become a major source of clean energy. Wind energy is expected to grow over the next

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wind Energy EFA Wind energy has become a major source of clean energy. Wind energy is expected of wind energy fundamentals are needed to fill these jobs. The Wind Energy EFA prepares students for a career in wind energy, and allows for completing all requirements for the Certificate in Wind Energy

  11. Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy Alfred Greiner Lars a canonical growth model with damages in the household's welfare function and two energy sources ­ non-renewable and renewable energy. To produce renewable energy a capital stock must be built up. We study when a transition

  12. Renewable Energy Project Bond Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the purposes of this program, renewable energy is defined as "a source of energy that occurs naturally, is regenerated naturally or uses as a fuel source, a waste product or byproduct from a...

  13. Advanced Organic Vapor Cycles for Improving Thermal Conversion Efficiency in Renewable Energy Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Tony

    2012-01-01

    organic Rankine cycle," Renewable Energy, vol. 4, pp. 1196-power cycle driven by renewable energy sources," Energy,geothermal resources," Renewable Energy, vol. 37, pp. 364-

  14. Sustainable Development of Renewable Energy Mini-grids for Energy Access: A Framework for Policy Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Ranjit

    2014-01-01

    Ganapathy, “Decetralized Renewable Energy (DRE) Micro-gridsgrid extension, off-grid and renewable energy sources,”in World Renewable Energy Congress. Policy Issues.

  15. Sustainable Development of Renewable Energy Mini-grids for Energy Access: A Framework for Policy Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Ranjit

    2014-01-01

    electricity supply,” Renewable and Sustainable EnergyGanapathy, “Decetralized Renewable Energy (DRE) Micro-gridsextension, off-grid and renewable energy sources,” in World

  16. Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2008-01-01

    Beyond Traditional Renewable Sources to Include EnergyStandards Are Increasingly Motivating Renewable Energy20 The Use of Renewable Energy Certificates and Certificate

  17. Warming to Renewable Energy: Policies to Promote Renewable Heat in the UK 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawkins, Henry R.

    2012-01-01

    In 2009, the UK government set a target of achieving 15% of overall energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020, as part of the EU's goals of reducing emission levels within the EU and increasing consumption from renewable energy sources...

  18. PROJECT DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 1 Akers Hall, originally constructed in 1964, requires major

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will replace the existing chiller plant, including demolition of the existing cooling tower and its associated enclosure at the Olin receiving area; installation of new components for the chilled water system; HVAC DESCRIPTION PROJECT TIMELINE PROJECT COSTS FUNDING SOURCE 3 Munn Ice Arena HVAC Upgrades and Ice

  19. NREL Response to the Report Study of the Effects on Employment of Public Aid to Renewable Energy Sources from King Juan Carlos University (Spain)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Job generation has been a part of the national dialogue surrounding energy policy and renewable energy (RE) for many years. RE advocates tout the ability of renewable energy to support new job opportunities in rural locations and the manufacturing sector. Others argue that spending on renewable energy is an inefficient allocation of resources and can result in job losses in the broader economy.

  20. Environmental Information Sources: Websites and Books

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shrode, Flora

    2011-01-01

    excellent source to review the basics of renewable energy.topics include using renewable energy, energy delivery and2010. ** Learning about Renewable Energy from the National

  1. The Social Complexity of Renewable Energy Production in the Countryside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunze, Conrad; Busch, Henner

    2011-01-01

    Renewable energy production is a possible development path for the countryside in the present and future.of energy in the near future from local, renewable sources.

  2. Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy formerly Ministry...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy formerly Ministry of Non Conventional Energy Sources Jump to: navigation, search Name: Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy...

  3. State of Play: How National and International Renewable Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SDE + * CfD * Renewable Obligation * Carbon Tax * Emissions Penalties Source: European Pellet Council Credit: Seth Walker RISI Renewable Fuel Standard It's all about market share....

  4. The Social Complexity of Renewable Energy Production in the Countryside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunze, Conrad; Busch, Henner

    2011-01-01

    each form of renewable energy, from simple solar panels toseveral renewable local producers (wind-turbines, solarrenewable energy sources, for example by making the roof completely from solar

  5. Wind energy, with an annual growth of about 30%, represents one of the fastest growing renewable energy sources. Continuous long-term monitoring of wind turbines can greatly reduce maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    renewable energy sources. Continuous long-term monitoring of wind turbines can greatly reduce maintenance the profitability of wind turbines. A decentralized wind turbine monitoring system has been developed and installed on a 500 kW wind turbine in Germany. During its operation, temporary malfunctions of the installed sensing

  6. Programs in Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-01-01

    Our nation faces significant challenges as we enter the 1990s: securing a reliable supply of competitively priced energy, improving the quality of our environment, and increasing our share of foreign markets for goods and services. The US Department of Energy's (DOE) Programs in Renewable Energy are working toward meeting these challenges by developing the technologies that make use of our nation's largest energy resource: renewable energy. The sunlight, wind biomass, flowing water, ocean energy, and geothermal energy that make up the renewable energy resource can be found throughout our nation. These resources can provide all the forms of energy our nation needs: liquid fuels, electricity, and heating and cooling. Renewable energy meets about 10% of our need for these forms of energy today, yet the potential contribution is many times greater. DOE's Programs in Renewable Energy are working side-by-side with American industry to develop the technologies that convert renewable energy resources into practical, cost-competitive energy. After a decade of progress in research, several of these technologies are poised to make large contributions during the 1990s and beyond. This booklet provides an overview of the renewable energy programs and their plans for FY 1990. Sources of additional information are listed at the back of the booklet. 48 figs., 4 tabs.

  7. City of Phoenix- Renewable Energy Goal

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2008, the Phoenix City Council approved a renewable energy goal for the city. The city aims for 15% of the electricity used by the city to come from renewable energy sources by 2025. This goal...

  8. Renewable Electricity Generation in the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmalensee, Richard

    This paper provides an overview of the use of renewable energy sources to generate electricity in the United States and a critical analysis of the federal and state policies that have supported the deployment of renewable ...

  9. Renewable Electricity Futures Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Electricity Futures Study Renewable Electricity Generation and Storage Technologies for Sustainable Energy, LLC. #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable;Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  10. Role of Energy Storage with Renewable Electricity Generation (Report Summary) (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denholm, P.; Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Milligan, M.

    2010-03-01

    Renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar, have vast potential to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and greenhouse gas emissions in the electric sector. Climate change concerns, state initiatives including renewable portfolio standards, and consumer efforts are resulting in increased deployments of both technologies. Both solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind energy have variable and uncertain (sometimes referred to as "intermittent") output, which are unlike the dispatchable sources used for the majority of electricity generation in the United States. The variability of these sources has led to concerns regarding the reliability of an electric grid that derives a large fraction of its energy from these sources as well as the cost of reliably integrating large amounts of variable generation into the electric grid. In this report, we explore the role of energy storage in the electricity grid, focusing on the effects of large-scale deployment of variable renewable sources (primarily wind and solar energy).

  11. Conservation Planning for Offsetting the Impacts of Development: A Case Study of Biodiversity and Renewable Energy in the Mojave Desert.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kreitler, J; Schloss, CA; Soong, O; Hannah, L; Davis, FW

    2015-01-01

    environmental impacts of renewable energy sources. Appliedbiological impacts. Renewable Energy. 2013; 57: 289–98. doi:of biodiversity and renewable energy in the Mojave Desert.

  12. Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2010-01-01

    state-based renewable energy policies have significantlyin renewable electricity and energy-efficiency policy.s renewable energy sources and energy efficiency policy

  13. Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2010-01-01

    costs: Combining renewable energy and energy efficiency into2009. European Union’s renewable energy sources and energyKansas: A National Renewable Energy Standard Will Benefit

  14. Renewable energy generation sources have

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout UsRegionalScientific andRemoteRenee Plzak

  15. Renewable energy atlas of the United States.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuiper, J.A.; Hlava, K.Greenwood, H.; Carr, A.

    2012-05-01

    The Renewable Energy Atlas (Atlas) of the United States is a compilation of geospatial data focused on renewable energy resources, federal land ownership, and base map reference information. It is designed for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service (USFS) and other federal land management agencies to evaluate existing and proposed renewable energy projects. Much of the content of the Atlas was compiled at Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to support recent and current energy-related Environmental Impact Statements and studies, including the following projects: (1) West-wide Energy Corridor Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) (BLM 2008); (2) Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2010); (3) Supplement to the Draft PEIS for Solar Energy Development in Six Southwestern States (DOE/BLM 2011); (4) Upper Great Plains Wind Energy PEIS (WAPA/USFWS 2012, in progress); and (5) Energy Transport Corridors: The Potential Role of Federal Lands in States Identified by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, Section 368(b) (in progress). This report explains how to add the Atlas to your computer and install the associated software; describes each of the components of the Atlas; lists the Geographic Information System (GIS) database content and sources; and provides a brief introduction to the major renewable energy technologies.

  16. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Hood, Texas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chvala, William D.; Warwick, William M.; Dixon, Douglas R.; Solana, Amy E.; Weimar, Mark R.; States, Jennifer C.; Reilly, Raymond W.

    2008-06-30

    The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Hood based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewables Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

  17. Trends in Renewable Energy Consumption and Electricity

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    Presents a summary of the nation’s renewable energy consumption in 2010 along with detailed historical data on renewable energy consumption by energy source and end-use sector. Data presented also includes renewable energy consumption for electricity generation and for non-electric use by energy source, and net summer capacity and net generation by energy source and state. The report covers the period from 2006 through 2010.

  18. Climate Change Major information sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;8 Greenhouse Effect #12;9 Main Greenhouse Gases Global Warming Potential (GWP) · used to compare;15 Atmospheric Concentrations: Human Influence? Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous). Corresponding radiative forcings are shown on right hand axes of large panels. #12;Extra: CO2 production Primary

  19. Dual Degree Program Engineering Majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    interested in developing renewable energy sources, alleviating the shortage of clean water, improving air the mechanics of solids and fluids, thermodynamics and heat transfer, as well as the science of materials

  20. Matching renewal energy sources to rural development needs : a prototype design for a rural community development center for Jamaica, W.I.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Michael Onaje

    1982-01-01

    The opportunities for utilizing Jamaica/s rich supply of renewable energy resources as a base for stead, environmentally sound rural development is tremendous. This thesis explores as way of tapping this potential. Jamaica's ...

  1. Renewable energy in commercial buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scarpa, Massimiliano; Schiavon, Stefano; Zecchin, Roberto

    2008-01-01

    Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energytechnologies, Renewable energy. [6] REN21 Renewable Energy Policy Network. 2005. “Renewables

  2. Renewal Credit Matrix CERTIFICATE RENEWAL PLAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    Renewal Credit Matrix CERTIFICATE RENEWAL PLAN PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OPTIONS FOR SOUTH CAROLINA are restricted to Options 1 and 2 in the matrix. CERTIFICATE RENEWAL OPTION ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA RENEWAL CREDITS to 120 renewal credits may be earned via this option during the five-year validity period

  3. Current Renewable Energy Technologies and Future Projections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allison, Stephen W; Lapsa, Melissa Voss; Ward, Christina D; Smith, Barton; Grubb, Kimberly R; Lee, Russell

    2007-05-01

    The generally acknowledged sources of renewable energy are wind, geothermal, biomass, solar, hydropower, and hydrogen. Renewable energy technologies are crucial to the production and utilization of energy from these regenerative and virtually inexhaustible sources. Furthermore, renewable energy technologies provide benefits beyond the establishment of sustainable energy resources. For example, these technologies produce negligible amounts of greenhouse gases and other pollutants in providing energy, and they exploit domestically available energy sources, thereby reducing our dependence on both the importation of fossil fuels and the use of nuclear fuels. The market price of renewable energy technologies does not reflect the economic value of these added benefits.

  4. Renewable Energy Standard

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Note: H.B. 40, enacted in June 2015, created Vermont's Renewable Energy Standard and repeals the Sustainably Priced Energy Enterprise Development program's renewable energy goals. The Renewable...

  5. Guide to Purchasing Green Power: Renewable Electricity, Renewable...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Purchasing Green Power: Renewable Electricity, Renewable Energy Certificates, and On-Site Renewable Generation Guide to Purchasing Green Power: Renewable Electricity, Renewable...

  6. Weighing the Costs and Benefits of State Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Cliff

    2009-01-01

    and future renewable energy costs, while less volatile thandifference between renewable energy costs and the cost ofto be the least-cost renewable energy source and, as noted

  7. c " .RENEWABLE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    c " .RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO STANDARD ELIGIBILITY GUIDEBOOK, Manager Technology Market Development Office Timothy N. Tutt, Technical Director Renewable Energy Program #12;The Energy Commission established the Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) proceeding on March 5

  8. A Stochastic Unit Commitment Model for Integrating Renewable Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    from the large-scale integration of renewable energy sources and deferrable demand in power systems. We introduced by renewable energy supply. A fully decentralized approach for coordinating demand response is coupling the operations of renewable resources with deferrable demand. The motivation of coupling renewable

  9. Supplying Renewable Energy to Deferrable Loads: Algorithms and Economic Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    Supplying Renewable Energy to Deferrable Loads: Algorithms and Economic Analysis Anthony compares to price responsive demand in terms capacity gains and energy market revenues for renewable to renewable generation. I. INTRODUCTION Renewable power is emerging as a mainstream source of energy supply

  10. RENEWABLE RESOURCES Selected SUBJECT HEADINGS for ILink catalog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kearfott, R. Baker

    renewable energy sources biosphere renewable natural resources environmental policy sustainable agriculture Architecture Stks SB 469 .L3 V.93 Renewable Energy Stks TJ 807 .R46 and online SELECTED PRINT INDEXES (valuableRENEWABLE RESOURCES Selected SUBJECT HEADINGS for ILink catalog agricultural industries landscape

  11. Renewable Energy 101 (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.

    2012-03-01

    Presentation given at the 2012 Department of Homeland Security Renewable Energy Roundtable as an introduction to renewable technologies and applications.

  12. REAP Renewable Energy Fair

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Energy Alaska Project (REAP) is hosting their annual Renewable Energy Fair at Fairview Elementary School.

  13. Renewable Electricity Futures Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Electricity Futures Study Exploration of High-Penetration Renewable Electricity Futures PDF Volume 4 PDF #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory. (2012

  14. Renewable energy delivery systems and methods

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walker, Howard Andrew

    2013-12-10

    A system, method and/or apparatus for the delivery of energy at a site, at least a portion of the energy being delivered by at least one or more of a plurality of renewable energy technologies, the system and method including calculating the load required by the site for the period; calculating the amount of renewable energy for the period, including obtaining a capacity and a percentage of the period for the renewable energy to be delivered; comparing the total load to the renewable energy available; and, implementing one or both of additional and alternative renewable energy sources for delivery of energy to the site.

  15. H.R. 890: THE AMERICAN RENEWABLE ENERGY ACT OF 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smerdon, Jason E.

    H.R. 890: THE AMERICAN RENEWABLE ENERGY ACT OF 2009 Columbia University School ..........................................................................................................................................................12 WIND AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE

  16. Renewable Hydrogen: Technology Review and Policy Recommendations for State-Level Sustainable Energy Futures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Timothy; Edwards, Jennifer Lynn; Brooks, Cameron

    2006-01-01

    Solar Hydrogen,” In Renewable Energy: Sources for Fuels and Electricity,renewable energy-to-electricity costs of solar, wind, and

  17. Renewable Fuels

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergyWind Energy Wind Energy Renewable

  18. Renewal Application

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-RichProtonAbout UsRegionalScientificRenewables Sign In About

  19. Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koksal, Can Emre

    Resource Allocation in Sensor Networks with Renewable Energy (Invited Paper) Zhoujia Mao Department@ece.osu.edu Abstract--Renewable energy sources can be attached to sensor nodes to provide energy replenishment of the deployment challenges. These renewable sources of energy could be attached to the nodes and would typically

  20. Developing Government Renewable Energy Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kurt S. Myers; Thomas L. Baldwin; Jason W. Bush; Jake P. Gentle

    2012-07-01

    The US Army Corps of Engineers has retained Idaho National Laboratory (INL) to conduct a study of past INL experiences and complete a report that identifies the processes that are needed for the development of renewable energy projects on government properties. The INL has always maintained expertise in power systems and applied engineering and INL’s renewable energy experiences date back to the 1980’s when our engineers began performing US Air Force wind energy feasibility studies and development projects. Over the last 20+ years of working with Department of Defense and other government agencies to study, design, and build government renewable projects, INL has experienced the do’s and don’ts for being successful with a project. These compiled guidelines for government renewable energy projects could include wind, hydro, geothermal, solar, biomass, or a variety of hybrid systems; however, for the purpose of narrowing the focus of this report, wind projects are the main topic discussed throughout this report. It is our thought that a lot of what is discussed could be applied, possibly with some modifications, to other areas of renewable energy. It is also important to note that individual projects (regardless the type) vary to some degree depending on location, size, and need but in general these concepts and directions can be carried over to the majority of government renewable energy projects. This report focuses on the initial development that needs to occur for any project to be a successful government renewable energy project.

  1. MATHEMATICS MAJORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carla Floyd

    2006-02-24

    assurance of quality. Students fulfilling the requirements of this option also qualify to receive their degree with a Statistics major. APPLIED MATHEMATICS (75P).

  2. Running in place : renewal portfolio standards and climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hogan, Michael T. (Michael Thomas)

    2008-01-01

    Renewable portfolio standards ("RPS") have spread widely as states have made an effort to promote electricity production from renewable energy sources, granting privileged market access to eligible technologies and resources. ...

  3. The effectiveness of the policies on renewable electricity in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Qing S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    After the legislation of the Renewable Energy Law, China's government established a series of policies to promote renewable energy source electricity (RES-e) from 2005-2012. The effectiveness of the policies varies depending ...

  4. Integrating High Levels of Renewables into the Lanai Electric Grid

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Discusses an assessment of the economic and technical feasibility of increasing the contribution of renewable energy sources on the island of Lanai with a stated goal of reaching 100% renewable...

  5. Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe Vienna University of Technology I Energiepark Bruck/Leitha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Anton

    Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER Vienna University is currently not sustainable. Renewable energy sources as well as more effiicient ways to use energy "Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe" is, to contribute significantly to this process

  6. Renewable Energy and Combined Heat and Power Resources in the UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Renewable Energy and Combined Heat and Power Resources in the UK Jim Watson, Julia Hertin, Tom;Renewable Energy and Combined Heat and Power Resources in the UK Jim Watson, Julia Hertin and Tom Randall........................................................................................................................3 2. Renewable energy sources

  7. Renewable Electricity Futures Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Electricity Futures Study End-use Electricity Demand Volume 3 of 4 Volume 2 PDF Volume 3;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Baldwin, S. U Sandor, D. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study

  8. Novera Renewable Energy formerly Novera Macquarie Renewable Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy formerly Novera Macquarie Renewable Energy Limited NMRE Jump to: navigation, search Name: Novera Renewable Energy (formerly Novera Macquarie Renewable Energy...

  9. DOE Announces Webinars on Tribal Renewable Energy Projects, Renewable...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tribal Renewable Energy Projects, Renewable Natural Gas for Vehicles, and More DOE Announces Webinars on Tribal Renewable Energy Projects, Renewable Natural Gas for Vehicles, and...

  10. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Polk, Louisiana

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solana, Amy E.; Boyd, Brian K.; Horner, Jacob A.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Orrell, Alice C.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

    2010-11-17

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Polk, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Polk took place on February 16, 2010.

  11. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Sill, Oklahoma

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boyd, Brian K.; Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

    2011-03-31

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Sill, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Sill took place on June 10, 2010.

  12. Ambec & Crampes (2012): "Electricity provision with intermittent sources of energy", Resource and Energy Economics 34, 319-336. Borenstein (2012): "The Private and Public Economics of Renewable Electricity Generation", Journal of Economic Perspectives 26(

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    2012-01-01

    and Energy Economics 34, 319-336. Borenstein (2012): "The Private and Public Economics of Renewable://www.uni-oldenburg.de/centos/ Efficient diffusion of renewable energies ­ A roller-coaster ride Abstract Intermittency of renewable stages of the energy transition are still to come. As renewables become more reliable, both their market

  13. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Energy efficiency and renewable energy research, development, and deployment activities help the Nation Presidential Priorities Economic · Create green jobs through Recovery Act energy projects · Double renewable

  14. Photon Science for Renewable Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hussain, Zahid; Tamura, Lori; Padmore, Howard; Schoenlein, Bob; Bailey, Sue

    2010-03-31

    Our current fossil-fuel-based system is causing potentially catastrophic changes to our planet. The quest for renewable, nonpolluting sources of energy requires us to understand, predict, and ultimately control matter and energy at the electronic, atomic, and molecular levels. Light-source facilities - the synchrotrons of today and the next-generation light sources of tomorrow - are the scientific tools of choice for exploring the electronic and atomic structure of matter. As such, these photon-science facilities are uniquely positioned to jump-start a global revolution in renewable and carbonneutral energy technologies. In these pages, we outline and illustrate through examples from our nation's light sources possible scientific directions for addressing these profound yet urgent challenges.

  15. Thermoset epoxy polymers from renewable resources

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    East, Anthony (Madison, NJ); Jaffe, Michael (Maplewood, NJ); Zhang, Yi (Harrison, NJ); Catalani, Luiz H (Carapicuiba, BR)

    2009-11-17

    Novel thermoset epoxy polymers using the bisglycidyl ethers of anhydrosugars, such as isosorbide, isomannide, and isoidide, are disclosed. The bisglycidyl ethers are useful as substitutes for bisphenol A in the manufacture of thermoset epoxy ethers. The anhydrosugars are derived from renewable sources and the bisglycidyl ethers are not xenoestrogenic and the thermoset curing agents are likewise derived form renewable resources.

  16. Renewable Electricity Generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-09-01

    This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal.

  17. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2010 Fuel Cell Project Kick-off Dr. Dimitrios, 2010September 28, 2010 #12;Administration's Clean Energy Goals Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012

  18. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Richard Farmer Hydrogen Business Council September 14, 2010 #12; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150

  19. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy AUGUST 2010 2009 WIND TECHNOLOGIES MARKET REPORT EXECUTIVE (Berkeley Lab) Kevin Porter and Sari Fink (Exeter Associates) Suzanne Tegen (National Renewable Energy

  20. Increasing renewable energy system value through storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller, Joshua M. (Joshua Michael), 1982-

    2015-01-01

    Intermittent renewable energy sources do not always provide power at times of greatest electricity demand or highest prices. To do so reliably, energy storage is likely required. However, no single energy storage technology ...

  1. Renewable Hydrogen From Wind in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholomy, Obadiah

    2005-01-01

    lowest cost renewable energy source in California [2], windCost of California Central Station Electricity Generation Technologies” August 2003, California Energycosts are consistent with values developed by the California Energy

  2. Renewable Energy Opportunties at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Horner, Jacob A.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Nesse, Ronald J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2010-05-31

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Dugway Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment.

  3. Renewable Electricity Futures Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Electricity Futures Study Bulk Electric Power Systems: Operations and Transmission by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. #12;Renewable Electricity Futures Study Edited By Hand, M.M. National Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report) National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  4. Renewable Electricity Futures Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Electricity Futures Study Executive Summary NREL is a national laboratory of the U for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Volume 2 PDF Volume 3 PDF Volume 1 PDF Volume 4 PDF #12;Renewable Electricity Futures. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Suggested Citations Renewable Electricity Futures Study (Entire Report

  5. Fernald Preserve Renewable Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fernald Preserve Renewable Energy Brochure – Providing energy that is clean, abundant, reliable, and affordable

  6. National Renewable Energy Laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future ponsorship Format Reversed Color:White rtical Format Reversed-A ertical Format Reversed-B National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory Innovation for Our Energy Future National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  7. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2010-06-30

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Yuma Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations.

  8. Fact #840: September 29, 2014 World Renewable Electricity Consumption...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Consumption is Growing Electricity generated from sources that are renewable - hydroelectric power, bio-fuels, geothermal, solar, wind, wood, waste - have grown 150% from 1980 to...

  9. Short-Term Operation Scheduling in Renewable-Powered Microgrids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bornemann, Jens

    Short-Term Operation Scheduling in Renewable-Powered Microgrids: A Duality-Based Approach Binyan scheduling prob- lem in renewable-powered microgrids, which is used to determine the least-cost unit- ments. The intermittency nature of the renewable energy sources, as well as microgrid's capacity

  10. Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities Andrew and intermittent nature of many renewable energy sources makes integrating them into the electric grid challenging-following loads adjust their power consumption to match the avail- able renewable energy supply. We show Internet

  11. Renewable Energy Penetration on the power Grid Fall / 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    ECE 420 Renewable Energy Penetration on the power Grid Fall / 2010 Instructor: Dr. E. B. Makram: TBA Text: Renewable Energy Systems M. Godoy Simoes and Felix A. Farret Attendance: Test attendance): Principles of Renewable Sources of Energy and Electric Power: basic definitions of electrical power

  12. Renewable Energy & Sustainability Prof. Martin J. (Mike) Pasqualetti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhoads, James

    Renewable Energy & Sustainability Prof. Martin J. (Mike) Pasqualetti Professor, School depletion for the next 1000 years (in 100,000 TWh/year) #12;We Have Many Renewable Energy Resources At Our Disposal Reality #4 #12;#12;Renewable Energy is Minor at Present Source: U.S. EIA http://www.eia

  13. Power marketing and renewable energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, J.M.

    1997-09-01

    Power marketing refers to wholesale and retail transactions of electric power made by companies other than public power entities and the regulated utilities that own the generation and distribution lines. The growth in power marketing has been a major development in the electric power industry during the last few years, and power marketers are expected to realize even more market opportunities as electric industry deregulation proceeds from wholesale competition to retail competition. This Topical Issues Brief examines the nature of the power marketing business and its relationship with renewable power. The information presented is based on interviews conducted with nine power marketing companies, which accounted for almost 54% of total power sales by power marketers in 1995. These interviews provided information on various viewpoints of power marketers, their experience with renewables, and their respective outlooks for including renewables in their resource portfolios. Some basic differences exist between wholesale and retail competition that should be recognized when discussing power marketing and renewable power. At the wholesale level, the majority of power marketers stress the commodity nature of electricity. The primary criteria for developing resource portfolios are the same as those of their wholesale customers: the cost and reliability of power supplies. At the retail level, electricity may be viewed as a product that includes value-added characteristics or services determined by customer preferences.

  14. Ris Energy Report 5 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions 1 4 Renewable energy outlook for selected regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European Commission communication on support for electricity from renewable energy sources [3] says: "Increasing the share of renewables in EU electricity has well recognised benefits, in particular: · improved policy, in three important regions: the EU, China and the UsA. Policy status and development of renewable

  15. The implications of deregulation for biomass and renewable energy in California. Revision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, G. [Future Resources Associates, Inc., Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1998-08-01

    The California legislature took up electric utility deregulation legislation during 1996, culminating in AB 1890, California`s landmark restructuring legislation. The legislation created a transition funding program for renewables. No permanent program for the support of renewable energy production extending beyond the end of the transition period (2002) is included in AB 1890. AB 1890 assigned to the California Energy Commission (CEC) the task of determining how to allocate the renewables transition funds between existing and new renewable generating sources, and among the various renewable energy technologies that are available for deployment in California. The California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA) was assigned the task of reporting to the legislature about the specific benefits provided by biomass energy production in California, and about policies that could shift some of the cost of biomass energy production away from the electric ratepayer, on to beneficiaries of the environmental benefits of biomass energy production. This study describes the development of the CEC and Cal/EPA reports to the California legislature, and provides an analysis of the major issues that were encountered during the course of their development. The study concludes with a consideration of the future prospects for biomass and renewable energy production in the state.

  16. Fluid Queue Models of Renewable Energy Storage Gareth L. Jones and Peter G. Harrison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Imperial College, London

    Fluid Queue Models of Renewable Energy Storage Gareth L. Jones and Peter G. Harrison Department of networks of fluid queues. Such models can be used to describe the generation and storage of renewable 30 Source 3 0 30 Source 4 25 25 45 Node 1 Node 2 Node 3 Renewable energy sources are modeled

  17. Alaska's renewable energy potential.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-02-01

    This paper delivers a brief survey of renewable energy technologies applicable to Alaska's climate, latitude, geography, and geology. We first identify Alaska's natural renewable energy resources and which renewable energy technologies would be most productive. e survey the current state of renewable energy technologies and research efforts within the U.S. and, where appropriate, internationally. We also present information on the current state of Alaska's renewable energy assets, incentives, and commercial enterprises. Finally, we escribe places where research efforts at Sandia National Laboratories could assist the state of Alaska with its renewable energy technology investment efforts.

  18. Renewable energy annual 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-03-01

    This report presents summary data on renewable energy consumption, the status of each of the primary renewable technologies, a profile of each of the associated industries, an analysis of topical issues related to renewable energy, and information on renewable energy projects worldwide. It is the second in a series of annual reports on renewable energy. The renewable energy resources included in the report are biomass (wood and ethanol); municipal solid waste, including waste-to-energy and landfill gas; geothermal; wind; and solar energy, including solar thermal and photovoltaic. The report also includes various appendices and a glossary.

  19. Natural Innovative Renewable Energy formerly Northwest Iowa Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Natural Innovative Renewable Energy formerly Northwest Iowa Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name: Natural Innovative Renewable Energy (formerly Northwest Iowa...

  20. The RenewElec Project: Variable Renewable Energy and the Power System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Apt, Jay

    2014-02-14

    Variable energy resources, such as wind power, now produce about 4% of U.S. electricity. They can play a significantly expanded role if the U.S. adopts a systems approach that considers affordability, security and reliability. Reaching a 20-30% renewable portfolio standard goal is possible, but not without changes in the management and regulation of the power system, including accurately assessing and preparing for the operational effects of renewable generation. The RenewElec project will help the nation make the transition to the use of significant amounts of electric generation from variable and intermittent sources of renewable power.

  1. Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels GRC and GRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nathan Lewis Nancy Ryan Gray

    2010-02-26

    This Gordon Research Conference seeks to bring together chemists, physicists, materials scientists and biologists to address perhaps the outstanding technical problem of the 21st Century - the efficient, and ultimately economical, storage of energy from carbon-neutral sources. Such an advance would deliver a renewable, environmentally benign energy source for the future. A great technological challenge facing our global future is energy. The generation of energy, the security of its supply, and the environmental consequences of its use are among the world's foremost geopolitical concerns. Fossil fuels - coal, natural gas, and petroleum - supply approximately 90% of the energy consumed today by industrialized nations. An increase in energy supply is vitally needed to bring electric power to the 25% of the world's population that lacks it, to support the industrialization of developing nations, and to sustain economic growth in developed countries. On the geopolitical front, insuring an adequate energy supply is a major security issue for the world, and its importance will grow in proportion to the singular dependence on oil as a primary energy source. Yet, the current approach to energy supply, that of increased fossil fuel exploration coupled with energy conservation, is not scaleable to meet future demands. Rising living standards of a growing world population will cause global energy consumption to increase significantly. Estimates indicate that energy consumption will increase at least two-fold, from our current burn rate of 12.8 TW to 28 - 35 TW by 2050. - U.N. projections indicate that meeting global energy demand in a sustainable fashion by the year 2050 will require a significant fraction of the energy supply to come carbon free sources to stabilize atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at twice the pre-anthropogenic levels. External factors of economy, environment, and security dictate that this global energy need be met by renewable and sustainable sources from a carbon-neutral source. Sunlight is by far the most abundant global carbon-neutral energy resource. More solar energy strikes the surface of the earth in one hour than is obtained from all of the fossil fuels consumed globally in a year. Sunlight may be used to power the planet. However, it is intermittent, and therefore it must be converted to electricity or stored chemical fuel to be used on a large scale. The 'grand challenge' of using the sun as a future energy source faces daunting challenges - large expanses of fundamental science and technology await discovery. A viable solar energy conversion scheme must result in a 10-50 fold decrease in the cost-to-efficiency ratio for the production of stored fuels, and must be stable and robust for a 20-30 year period. To reduce the cost of installed solar energy conversion systems to $0.20/peak watt of solar radiation, a cost level that would make them economically attractive in today's energy market, will require revolutionary technologies. This GRC seeks to present a forum for the underlying science needed to permit future generations to use the sun as a renewable and sustainable primary energy source. Speakers will discuss recent advances in homoogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis of multi-electron transfer processes of importance to solar fuel production, such as water oxidation and reduction, and carbon dioxide reduction. Speakers will also discuss advances in scaleably manufacturable systems for the capture and conversion of sunlight into electrical charges that can be readily coupled into, and utilized for, fuel production in an integrated system.

  2. Beyond Diesel - Renewable Diesel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-07-01

    CTTS fact sheet describing NREL's new Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Research Laboratory, which will be used to facilitate increased renewable diesel use in heavy-duty vehicles.

  3. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, T.

    2012-10-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  4. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, T.

    2013-04-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  5. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M. M.

    2012-09-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  6. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, T.

    2012-11-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050.

  7. The Renewable Energy Footprint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Outka, Uma

    2011-01-01

    With the shift toward renewable energy comes the potential for staggering land impacts – many millions of acres may be consumed to meet demand for electricity and fuel over the next 20 years. To conservationists’ dismay, the more renewable energy we...

  8. Renewable Energy Growth Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2014, Act H 7727 created the Renewable Energy Growth (REG) program with the goal to promote installation of grid connected renewable energy within the load zones of electric distribution...

  9. Estimating Renewable Energy Costs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Some renewable energy measures, such as daylighting, passive solar heating, and cooling load avoidance, do not add much to the cost of a building. However, renewable energy technologies typically...

  10. Renewables and Sector Partnerships

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar series presentation by Susanna Sutherland, City of Knoxville, Tennessee, on financing solar energy systems.

  11. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 2009 FUEL CELL MARKET REPORT NOVEMBER 2010 #12;Authors-Jerram of Fuel Cell Today Consulting, Rachel Gelman of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Jennifer Gangi

  12. Renewable Electricity Futures Study Executive Summary

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Electricity Futures Study (RE Futures) provides an analysis of the grid integration opportunities, challenges, and implications of high levels of renewable electricity generation for the U.S. electric system. The study is not a market or policy assessment. Rather, RE Futures examines renewable energy resources and many technical issues related to the operability of the U.S. electricity grid, and provides initial answers to important questions about the integration of high penetrations of renewable electricity technologies from a national perspective. RE Futures results indicate that a future U.S. electricity system that is largely powered by renewable sources is possible and that further work is warranted to investigate this clean generation pathway.

  13. Renewable Electricity Futures for the United States

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Renewable Electricity Futures Study (RE Futures) provides an analysis of the grid integration opportunities, challenges, and implications of high levels of renewable electricity generation for the U.S. electric system. The study is not a market or policy assessment. Rather, RE Futures examines renewable energy resources and many technical issues related to the operability of the U.S. electricity grid, and provides initial answers to important questions about the integration of high penetrations of renewable electricity technologies from a national perspective. RE Futures results indicate that a future U.S. electricity system that is largely powered by renewable sources is possible and that further work is warranted to investigate this clean generation pathway.

  14. Renewable Electricity Futures for the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, Trieu; Hand, Maureen; Baldwin, Sam F.; Wiser , Ryan; Brinkman, G.; Denholm, Paul; Arent, Doug; Porro, Gian; Sandor, Debra; Hostick, Donna J.; Milligan, Michael; DeMeo, Ed; Bazilian, Morgan

    2014-04-14

    This paper highlights the key results from the Renewable Electricity (RE) Futures Study. It is a detailed consideration of renewable electricity in the United States. The paper focuses on technical issues related to the operability of the U. S. electricity grid and provides initial answers to important questions about the integration of high penetrations of renewable electricity technologies from a national perspective. The results indicate that the future U. S. electricity system that is largely powered by renewable sources is possible and the further work is warranted to investigate this clean generation pathway. The central conclusion of the analysis is that renewable electricity generation from technologies that are commercially available today, in combination with a more flexible electric system, is more than adequate to supply 80% of the total U. S. electricity generation in 2050 while meeting electricity demand on an hourly basis in every region of the United States.

  15. Community Renewables Projects

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This webinar covered introduction and barriers to individual renewable projects, resources for community and group buy projects, and permitting guidelines.

  16. Renewable Energy Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Energy Economic Development Dick Sheehy & Nate Monosoff, CH2M HILL March, 2010 #12;Contents 1. Who is CH2M HILL? 2. Why Do We Need Renewables? 3. Where Is The Wind Blowing? 4. Where Is The Sun Shining? 5. How To Catch Some Rays? 6. Renewable Related 2 Proprietary & Confidential #12;Where

  17. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Energy Overview & A Perspective on Fuel Cell Technologies Dr; Double Renewable Energy Capacity by 2012 Invest $150 billion over ten years in energy R&D to transition$Thousands Budget History Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Budget History FY2004-FY2011 (requested) U

  18. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    o nergy Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Efficiency and Renewable Energy United States Department of Energy Washington, D.C. 18th W rld Hydrogen E Presidential Priorities Energy efficiency and renewable energy research development andEnergy efficiency

  19. INFORMATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ENHANCING INFORMATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY DEPLOYMENT IN BRAZIL, CHINA, AND SOUTH AFRICA UNITEDNATIONSENERGYPROGRAMME #12;#12;Enhancing Information for Renewable Energy Technology Deployment in Brazil, China Piratini, All other photos: ERI, INPE, CRSES #12;Enhancing Information for Renewable Energy Technology

  20. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Arvizu, Dan

    2013-05-29

    In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

  1. Renewable Energy Can Help Reduce Oil Dependency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arvizu, Dan

    2010-01-01

    In a speech to the Economic Club of Kansas City on June 23, 2010, NREL Director Dan Arvizu takes a realistic look at how renewable energy can help reduce America's dependence on oil, pointing out that the country gets as much energy from renewable sources now as it does from offshore oil production. For a transcript, visit http://www.nrel.gov/director/pdfs/energy_overview_06_10.pdf

  2. Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coles, Cynthia

    Engi 9614: Renewable Energy and Resource Conservation, Assignment #1, Oct. 4th 2013, "Overview of energy storage systems for storing electricity from renewable energy sources in Saudi Arabia" 1. 150 109 better storage systems to make better use of renewable energy options and we need to use renewable energy

  3. Communication Systems for Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, F Richard; Xiao, Weidong; Choudhury, Paul

    2011-01-01

    There is growing interest in renewable energy around the world. Since most renewable sources are intermittent in nature, it is a challenging task to integrate renewable energy resources into the power grid infrastructure. In this grid integration, communication systems are crucial technologies, which enable the accommodation of distributed renewable energy generation and play extremely important role in monitoring, operating, and protecting both renewable energy generators and power systems. In this paper, we review some communication technologies available for grid integration of renewable energy resources. Then, we present the communication systems used in a real renewable energy project, Bear Mountain Wind Farm (BMW) in British Columbia, Canada. In addition, we present the communication systems used in Photovoltaic Power Systems (PPS). Finally, we outline some research challenges and possible solutions about the communication systems for grid integration of renewable energy resources.

  4. TOMORROW: Secretaries Chu and Salazar to Make Major Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergyPlan | DepartmentXIII--SMART GRID SEC. 1301. STATEMENT OF4,Announcement |

  5. Financing renewable energy: Obstacles and solutions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, M.H.

    1994-06-01

    The majority of renewable energy technology projects now being developed use long term project financing to raise capital. The financial community scrutinizes renewables more closely than some conventionally fueled electric generation facilities because it perceives renewables as risky and expensive. Renewables pay for this perceived risk through higher interest charges and other more restrictive loan covenants. Risks that are not eliminated in the power sales agreement or through some other means generally result in higher project costs during financing. In part, this situation is a product of the private placement market and project finance process in which renewable energy facilities must function. The project finance process attracts banks and institutional lenders as well as equity investors (often pension funds) who do not want to place their capital at great risk. Energy project finance exists on the basis of a secure revenue stream and a thorough understanding of electric generation technology. Renewables, like all energy projects, operating in uncertain regulatory environments are often difficult to finance. In the uncertain regulatory environment in which renewables now operate, investors and lenders are nervous about challenges to existing contracts between independent power producers and utilities. Challenges to existing contracts could foretell challenges to contracts in the future. Investors and lenders now look to state regulatory environments as an indicator of project risk. Renewable energy technology evolves quickly. Yet, often the information about technological evolution is not available to those who invest in the energy projects. Or, those who have invested in new renewable energy technology in the past have lost money and are nervous about doing so in the future - even though technology may have improved. Inadequate or unfavorable information is a barrier to the development of renewables.

  6. Distributed Real-Time Power Balancing in Renewable-Integrated Power Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Ben

    , taking into account the uncertainty of the renewable generation, loads, and energy prices. We and more renewable energy sources such as wind and solar are expected to be integrated into the power grids balancing. Real-time control is mainly motivated by the unpredictability of renewable sources, which can

  7. Renewable Energy Prediction for Improved Utilization and Efficiency in Datacenters and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simunic, Tajana

    Renewable Energy Prediction for Improved Utilization and Efficiency in Datacenters and Backbone requirements prevent easy integration with highly variable renewable energy sources. Short-term green energy of 11%. Their energy needs are supplied mainly by non-renewable, or brown energy sources, which

  8. RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Antonia V. Herzog

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    . Introduction 2. Biomass Energy 2.1. Introduction 2.2. The Future Role of Biomass 2.3. Biomass Energy Conversion Technologies and Applications 2.3.1. Combustion 2.3.2. Gasification 2.3.3. Anaerobic Digestion 2.3.4. Liquid Biofuels 2.4. Implementation of Biomass Energy Systems 2.4.1. Biomass Resources 2.4.2 Environmental Impacts

  9. LightSource Renewables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA) Jump to:LEDSGP.orgInformation

  10. The implications of deregulation for biomass and renewable energy in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, G

    1998-07-01

    California has been leading the nation down the path of electric utility deregulation, beginning with the April 1994, California Public Utilities Commission`s (CPUC) Blue Book restructuring proposal. The road for renewable energy producers has been particularly rocky, leaving the future of renewable energy production very much in doubt. The original CPUC proposal provided for competition among generating sources on the basis of price alone, without regard for environmental considerations. The California legislature took up electric utility deregulation legislation during 1996, culminating in AB 1890, California`s landmark restructuring legislation, which was passed unanimously by the Senate and Assembly, and signed into law by the governor on September 28, 1996. AB 1890 assigned to the California Energy Commission (CEC) the task of determining how to allocate the renewables transition funds between existing and new renewable generating sources, and among the various renewable energy technologies that are available for deployment in California. The California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA) was assigned the task of reporting to the legislature about the specific benefits provided by biomass energy production in California, and about policies that could shift some of the cost of biomass energy production away from the electric ratepayer, on to beneficiaries of the environmental benefits of biomass energy production. This study describes the development of the CEC and Cal/EPA reports to the California legislature, and provides an analysis of the major issues that were encountered during the course of their development. The study concludes with a consideration of the future prospects for biomass and renewable energy production in the state.

  11. Renewable Surface Biosensors With Optical Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruckner-Lea, Cynthia J.; Ackerman, Eric J.; Dockendorff, Brian P.; Holman, David A.; Grate, Jay W.

    2001-12-01

    One major challenge in the development of biosensors is the limited lifetime of a chemically selective surface that includes biomolecules. Renewable surface biosensors address this issue by using fresh aliquots of derivatized microbeads for each analysis. The analyte detection can then occur on the microbeads, or downstream from the microbeads. In this paper, we will describe two types of renewable surface biosensors. The first renewable biosensor system includes on-column optical detection for monitoring the binding of biomolecules onto protein or DNA-derivatized Sepharose beads. The second renewable biosensor system includes detection downstream from the microparticles and is based on the use of derivatized magnetic particles for selective binding. The magnetic particles are fluidically captured and released in a sequential injection system to allow the automation of an Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay.

  12. Renewable Surface Biosensors with Optical Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bruckner-Lea, Cindy J.; Ackerman, Eric J.; Dockendorff, Brian P.; Holman, David A.; Grate, Jay W.

    2001-04-30

    One major challenge in the development of biosensors is the limited lifetime of a chemically selective surface that includes biomolecules. Renewable surface biosensors address this issue by using fresh aliquots of derivatized microbeads for each analysis. The analyte detection can then occur on the microbeads, or downstream from the microbeads. In this paper, we will describe two types of renewable surface biosensors. The first renewable biosensor system includes on-column optical detection for monitoring the binding of biomolecules onto protein or DNA-derivatized Sepharose beads. The second renewable biosensor system includes detection downstream from the microparticles and is based on the use of derivatized magnetic particles for selective binding. The magnetic particles are fluidically captured and released in a sequential injection system to allow the automation of an Enzyme Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay.

  13. Differentiation Self-renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glyde, Henry R.

    Off state Ras Ras­GAP PI3K ERK1 ERK2 Differentiation SC1 SC1 Self-renewal Ras On state GDP GTP N NN the kinase enzyme Figure 1 | Chemically induced stem-cell self-renewal. Chen et al.2 have discovered, which promotes stem-cell self-renewal. Activated Ras also switches on the enzymes ERK1 and ERK2, which

  14. Renewable Energy Renaissance Zones

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    For the purposes of renaissance zone designation, “renewable energy facility” means a facility that creates energy, fuels, or chemicals directly from the wind, the sun, trees, grasses, biosolids,...

  15. COMMISSION REPORT DEVELOPING RENEWABLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , state properties, photovoltaic, wind, biomass, geothermal, small hydro, storage, distributed renewable distributed generation ­ onsite or small energy systems located close to where

  16. Renewable Energy Feasibility Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    After a Federal agency has identified probable technologies through the screening process, a detailed review of the feasibility and economic viability of each renewable energy technology, also...

  17. Conservation and Renewables Timeline

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CONSERVATION, RENEWABLES & RECs FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011 FY 2012 FY 2013 FY 2014 FY 2015 1012008 1012009 1012010 1012011 1012012 1012013 1012014 1012015 By June 1,...

  18. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for tracking and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity, RECs, renewable energy

  19. Chapter 7. Renewal Phenomena Renewal is life reborn.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kani

    51 Chapter 7. Renewal Phenomena Renewal is life reborn. 7.1. Definitions and basic concepts. 7. Then, N(t) : t 0, is a renewal process. A mathematical definition: N(t) = max{n : n i=0 Xi t, } where, ...} or continuous: [0, ). Obviously, the path of a renewal process is non-decreasing. The renewal literally means

  20. Renewables Intermittency: Operational Limits and Implications for Long-Term Energy System Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delarue, E.

    In several regions of the world, the share of intermittent renewables (such as wind and solar PV) in electricity generation is rapidly increasing. The current share of these renewable energy sources (RES) can still more ...

  1. Presentation at Eilat Eilot International Renewable Energy Conference & Exhibition, February 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Presentation at Eilat Eilot International Renewable Energy Conference & Exhibition, February 2010 Energyto a Source to Renewable Energy By Jack Lauber and Nickolas J. Themelis, Earth Engineering Center to land, we are behind, Denmark, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Singapore, Sweden

  2. Renewable Energy Strategies for Sustainable Development Henrik Lund*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, René Rydhof

    Renewable Energy Strategies for Sustainable Development Henrik Lund* Department of Development of renewable energy (wind, solar, wave and biomass) in the making of strategies for a sustainable development. Such strategies typically involve three major technological changes: energy savings on the demand side, efficiency

  3. State Renewable Electricity Profiles

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    Presents a summary of current and recent historical data for the renewable electric power industry. The data focuses on net summer capacity and net generation for each type of renewable generator, as well as fossil-fired and nuclear power plant types, for the period 2006 through 2010.

  4. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, T.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. This presentation was presented in a Wind Powering America webinar on August 15, 2012 and is now available through the Wind Powering America website.

  5. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M.

    2012-10-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It is being presented at the Utility Variable-Generation Integration Group Fall Technical Workshop on October 24, 2012.

  6. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M.; Mai, T.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in an Union of Concerned Scientists webinar on June 12, 2012.

  7. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, T.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in a Power Systems Engineering Research Center webinar on September 4, 2012.

  8. Energy Conservation Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Mauricio

    Energy Conservation Renewable Energy The Future at Rutgers University Facilities & Capital Planning Operations & Services Utilities Operations 6 Berrue Circle Piscataway, NJ 08854 #12;Energy Conservation Wh C ti ? R bl EWhy Conservation? Renewable Energy · Climate control reduces green house gases · Reduces

  9. Renewable Energy in Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-03-01

    This report examines the opportunities, challenges, and costs associated with renewable energy implementation in Alaska and provides strategies that position Alaska's accumulating knowledge in renewable energy development for export to the rapidly growing energy/electric markets of the developing world.

  10. Renewables and air quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wooley, D.R.

    2000-08-01

    The US heavy reliance on fossil fuels is a central obstacle to improving air quality and preventing catastrophic climate change. To solve this problem will require a combination of financial incentives and market rules that strongly encourage development of renewable energy resources to meet electric power demand. One promising policy option is to allow renewable energy resources to directly participate in air pollution emission trading mechanisms. Currently, the clean air benefits of renewable energy generally go unrecognized by regulators, under-appreciated by consumers and uncompensated by markets. Renewable energy is a key clean air alternative to conventional electricity generation, and the development of renewables could be stimulated by changes to the Clean Air Act's emissions trading programs. As Congress revisits clean air issues over the next several years, renewable energy representatives could push for statutory changes that reward the renewable energy industry for the air quality benefits it provides. By also becoming involved in key US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state rule-making cases, the renewables industry could influence the structure of emissions trading programs and strengthen one of the most persuasive arguments for wind, solar and biomass energy development.

  11. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M. M.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented in a webinar given by the California Energy Commission.

  12. Renewable Energy Annual

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    Presents five chapters covering various aspects of the renewable energy marketplace, along with detailed data tables and graphics. Particular focus is given to renewable energy trends in consumption and electricity; manufacturing activities of solar thermal collectors, solar photovoltaic cells/modules, and geothermal heat pumps; and green pricing and net metering programs. The Department of Energy provides detailed offshore

  13. RenewableS 2011 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    capacity of many renewable energy technologies ­ including solar PV, wind power, concentrating solar added the most new capacity, followed by hydropower and solar PV. Across most technologies, 2010 saw further growth in equipment manufacturing, sales, and installation. Technology cost reductions in solar PV

  14. Mozambique becomes a major coking coal exporter?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruffini, A.

    2008-06-15

    In addition to its potential role as a major international supplier of coking coal, Mozambique will also become a major source of power generation for southern Africa. 3 figs.

  15. Renewable Energy Opportunities at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chvala, William D.; Solana, Amy E.; States, Jennifer C.; Warwick, William M.; Weimar, Mark R.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2008-09-01

    The document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at White Sands Missile Range (WSMR) based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 DoD Renewable Energy Assessment. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also ground source heat pumps (GSHPs) for heating and cooling buildings, as directed by IMCOM.

  16. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Drum, New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, Scott A.; Orrell, Alice C.; Solana, Amy E.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Hand, James R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Rowley, Steven; Nesse, Ronald J.

    2010-10-20

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Drum, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Drum took place on May 4 and 5, 2010.

  17. Renewable Energy Opportunities at Fort Campbell, Tennessee/Kentucky

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, James R.; Horner, Jacob A.; Kora, Angela R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Russo, Bryan J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Nesse, Ronald J.

    2011-03-31

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Fort Campbell, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment. The site visit to Fort Campbell took place on June 10, 2010.

  18. Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papavasiliou, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    Scale Renewable Energy Integration . . . . . . . . . . .Impacts of Renewable Energy Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Coupling Renewable Energy with Deferrable

  19. Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papavasiliou, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    Renewable energy spillage, operating costs and capacityfocused on renewable energy utilization, cost of operationssystem operating costs, • renewable energy utilization,

  20. PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Matthew

    PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

  1. Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Projections as Published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans of the European Member States Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  2. Renewable and Non-Renewable Resources Tariff RNR-7 (Georgia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable and Non-Renewable Resource tariff is authorized by the Georgia Public Service Commission (PSC), which requires that the investor owned utility, Georgia Power Company, purchase...

  3. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Sixth Edition Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Dave Ashuckian, P.E. Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert P. Oglesby Executive Director The California Energy Commission formally

  4. COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    COMMISSION REPORT RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM 2011 ANNUAL REPORT Authors Lorraine Gonzalez Madeleine Meade Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Energy Efficiency and Renewables Division Robert Oglesby

  5. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Edward; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? Edward Holt, RyanME 04079 edholt@igc.org Renewable energy certificates (RECs)the attributes of a renewable energy generator and the right

  6. RENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH August 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    issues surrounding energy independence, system reliability, highly demanding security requirements will be demonstated. This demonstration will enable future applications under a Renewable-Based Energy SecureRENEWABLE ENERGY RESEARCH August 2010 CERTS Smart Grid Demonstration with Renewable Energy

  7. Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holt, Edward; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01

    Who Owns Renewable Energy Certificates? Edward Holt, RyanME 04079 edholt@igc.org Renewable energy certificates (RECs)convey the attributes of a renewable energy generator and

  8. Goodlad Institute for Educational Renewal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matrajt, Graciela

    Goodlad Institute for Educational Renewal Annual Report October 2010 #12; Page | 1 PREFACE The Goodlad Institute for Educational Renewal honors the remarkable. Goodlad initiated a national effort to support educational quality and renewal. Looking beyond high

  9. Western Renewable Energy Zones (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hein, J.

    2011-06-01

    This presentation summarizes recent developments and trends pertaining to competitive renewable energy zones, transmission planning and the integration of renewable generation resources.

  10. Renewable Electricity Generation (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-09-01

    This document highlights DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's advancements in renewable electricity generation technologies including solar, water, wind, and geothermal.

  11. Illinois Renewable Energy Conference 2015

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Illinois Renewable Energy Conference will feature plenary speakers and breakout sessions in tracks on policy, technical information, and case studies for wind and other renewable technologies....

  12. Renewable Natural Gas- Developer Perspective

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Breakout Session 3-C: Renewable Gaseous FuelsRenewable Natural Gas - Developer PerspectiveDavid Ross, Managing Director, MultiGen International, LLC

  13. APS- Renewable Energy Incentive Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through the Renewable Incentive Program, Arizona Public Service (APS) offers customers who install solar water heating systems the opportunity to sell the renewable energy credits (RECs) associat...

  14. Registration for the Hanford Site: Sources of radioactive emissions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silvia, M.J.

    1993-04-01

    This Registration Application serves to renew the registration for all Hanford Site sources of radioactive air emissions routinely reported to the State of Washington Department of Health (DOH). The current registration expires on August 15, 1993. The Application is submitted pursuant to the Washington Administrative Code (WAC) Chapter 246--247, and is consistent with guidance provided by DOH for renewal. The Application subdivides the Hanford Site into six major production, processing or research areas. Those six areas are in the 100 Area, 200 East Area, 200 West Area, 300 Area, 400 Area, and 600 Area. Each major group of point sources within the six areas listed above is represented by a Source Registration for Radioactive Air Emissions form. Annual emissions. for the sources are listed in the ``Radionuclide Air Emissions Report for the Hanford Site,`` published annually. It is a requirement that the following Statement of Compliance be provided: ``The radioactive air emissions from the above sources do meet the emissions standards contained in Chapter 173-480-040 WAC, Ambient Air Quality Standards and Emissions Limits for Radionuclides. As the Statement of Compliance pertains to this submittal, the phrase ``above sources`` is to be understood as meaning the combined air emissions from all sources registered by this submittal.

  15. Alaska Renewable Energy Fair

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The 10th annual Alaska Renewable Energy Fair on the downtown parkstrip in Anchorage is fun for the whole family! Come down and enjoy the live music, crafts, great local food, informational booths,...

  16. Renewable Auction Mechanism (RAM)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Auction Mechanism (RAM), approved by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) in December 2010, is expected to result in 1,299 megawatts (MW) of new distributed generation ...

  17. Renewable Power Procurement Policy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    New York Governor George Pataki signed Executive Order No. 111 to promote "Green and Clean" State Buildings and Vehicles on June 10, 2001. The renewable-power procurement component of this order...

  18. Federal Government Increases Renewable Energy Use Over 1000 Percent...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    government has exceeded its goal of obtaining 2.5 percent of its electricity needs from renewable energy sources by September 30, 2005. The largest energy consumer in the nation,...

  19. Renewable Energy and Inter-Island Power Transmission (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gevorgian, V.

    2011-05-01

    This presentation summarizes recent findings pertaining to inter-island connection of renewable and other energy sources, in particular, as these findings relate cable options, routing, specifications, and pros and cons.

  20. Renewable Energy Economic Potential

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The report describes a geospatial analysis method to estimate the economic potential of several renewable resources available for electricity generation in the United States. Economic potential, one measure of renewable generation potential, is defined in this report as the subset of the available resource technical potential where the cost required to generate the electricity (which determines the minimum revenue requirements for development of the resource) is below the revenue available in terms of displaced energy and displaced capacity.

  1. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hand, M. M.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented to the 2012 Western Conference of Public Service Commissioners, during their June, 2012, meeting. The Western Conference of Public Service Commissioners is a regional association within the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC).

  2. RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neil Clifton; Dave Wall; Jamal Zughbi

    2007-06-30

    This is the final technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project (REEP). The report summarizes, in a comprehensive manner, all the work performed during the award period extending between July 12, 2002 and June 30, 2007. This report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines and summarizes all of the activities that occurred during the award period. The RP-5 Renewable Energy Efficiency Project, under development by the Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA), is comprised of a series of full-scale demonstration projects that will showcase innovative combinations of primary and secondary generation systems using methane gas derived from local processing of biosolids, dairy manure and other organic material. The goal of the project is to create renewable energy-based generation systems with energy efficiencies 65% or more. The project was constructed at the 15 MGD Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant No. 5 located in the City of Chino in California where the Agency has constructed its new energy-efficient (platinum-LEED rating) headquarters building. Technologies that were featured in the project include internal combustion engines (ICE), absorption chillers, treatment plant secondary effluent cooling systems, heat recovery systems, thermal energy storage (TES), Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) secondary power generation system, the integration of a future fuel cell system, gas cleaning requirements, and other state-of-the-art design combinations. The RP-5 REEP biogas source is coming from three manure digesters which are located within the RP-5 Complex and are joined with the RP-5 REEP through gas conveyance pipelines. Food waste is being injected into the manure digesters for digester gas production enhancement. The RP-5 REEP clearly demonstrates the biogas production and power generation viability, specifically when dealing with renewable and variable heating value (Btu) fuel. The RP-5 REEP was challenged with meeting stringent utility, gas, power, and air quality rules and regulations. Coordination with the Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), Southern California Edison (SCE), and South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) was continuous and extensive. The interconnecting agreement and the permit to construct and operate were major obstacles despite the early start and coordination with the utility companies and regulatory agencies. The RP-5 REEP is part of a unique RP-5 Complex approach where several facilities are tied and connected with each other; where energy and gas can be transferred from one facility to another (see attached RP-5 Complex Ultimate Energy Balance Diagram). The REEP also incorporated new technologies, such as TES and ORC, along with using heat recovery for the platinum-LEED headquarter buildings heating and cooling via efficient absorption chillers. Through the conceptual design phase, numerous innovative technologies were researched and evaluated, with the most proven and efficient selected to be part of the RP-5 REEP.

  3. 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelman, Rachel

    2011-10-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced waterpower, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  4. 2008 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2009-07-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  5. 2009 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelman, Rachel

    2010-08-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced waterpower, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  6. 2008 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelman, Rachel

    2009-07-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2008 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced waterpower, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  7. RENEWABLES 2007 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    RENEWABLES 2007 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT www.ren21.net #12;Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st renewable energy. It provides a forum for leadership and exchange in international policy processes. It bolsters appropriate policies that increase the wise use of renewable energies in developing

  8. 2014 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Renewable Energy Data Book for 2014 provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  9. 2014 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beiter, Philipp

    2015-11-01

    The Renewable Energy Data Book for 2014 provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  10. 2014 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beiter, Philipp

    2015-11-15

    The Renewable Energy Data Book for 2014 provides facts and figures on energy and electricity use, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, marine and hydrokinetic power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  11. 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    R. Gelman

    2013-02-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2011 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  12. Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giger, Christine

    Renewable Energy Carriers Research Profile The research program of the Professorship of Renewable applied to renewable energy technologies. The fundamental research focus comprises high-temperature heat (radiative fluxes >10 000 kW/m2 ; temperatures >1000°C; heating rates >1000°C/s) + Renewable Energy

  13. Future States: The Convergence of Smart Grid, Renewables, Shale Gas, and Electric Vehicles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dick Cirillo; Guenter Conzelmann

    2013-03-20

    Dick Cirillo and Guenter Conzelmann present on research involving renewable energy sources, the use of natural gas, electric vehicles, and the SMART grid.

  14. Future States: The Convergence of Smart Grid, Renewables, Shale Gas, and Electric Vehicles

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Dick Cirillo; Guenter Conzelmann

    2013-06-07

    Dick Cirillo and Guenter Conzelmann present on research involving renewable energy sources, the use of natural gas, electric vehicles, and the SMART grid.

  15. The Global Solar and Wind Atlas: a unique Global Spatial Data Infrastructure for all renewable energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    @masdar.ac.ae Nicolas Fichaux International Renewable Energy Agency - IRENA Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates NFichaux in the field of solar and wind energy. The initiative will be expanded to encompass all renewable energies by 2015, and will be the largest information source on renewable energy potentials ever created. It has

  16. 1ST IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SMART GRID COMMUNICATIONS, 2010 1 Efficient Algorithms for Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, Michael J.

    for Renewable Energy Allocation to Delay Tolerant Consumers Michael J. Neely, Arash Saber Tehrani, Alexandros G. Dimakis Abstract-- We investigate the problem of allocating energy from renewable sources to flexible consumers in electricity markets. We assume there is a renewable energy supplier that provides energy

  17. Scheduling Heterogeneous Delay Tolerant Tasks in Smart Grid with Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Prasun

    1 Scheduling Heterogeneous Delay Tolerant Tasks in Smart Grid with Renewable Energy Shengbo Chen sources of energy (e.g., harvested renewable energy), and allow for dynamic electricity price, or a business, which is equipped with renewable energy devices when electrical appliances allow different levels

  18. Solar PV Deployment through Renewable Energy Tariff: An Option for Key Account Customers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Renewable energy tariffs, a new program and rate option being offered by some utilities to large customers, are quickly attracting attention in the renewable energy world as a way to do this. These tariffs allow a high energy usage customer to pay a slight premium in order to obtain all or a portion of their electricity from renewable sources.

  19. Project Information Form Project Title Designing and Analyzing Policies for Renewable Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Designing and Analyzing Policies for Renewable Fuels the utilization of clean, renewable fuel sources in the production of finished motor gasoline. Many are the renewable fuel standard (RFS) at the national level and California's Low Carbon Fuels Standard (LCFS). Both

  20. Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio-economic Benefits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    Renewable Energy Policy in Remote Rural Areas of Western China: Implementation and Socio on renewable energy sources. However, such an option is not universally agreed upon. This dissertation examines a renewable energy-based rural electrification program, the `Township Electrification Program', launched

  1. Social Network of Smart-Metered Homes and SMEs for Grid-based Renewable Energy Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steels, Luc

    Social Network of Smart-Metered Homes and SMEs for Grid-based Renewable Energy Exchange Ioana G-smart-meter; demand-response; social network; community; prosumer; renewable energy; energy efficiency I. INTRODUCTION are the renewable energy sources (completely) integrated in the picture. This creates an imbalance of financial

  2. Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe Vienna University of Technology I Energiepark Bruck/Leitha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szmolyan, Peter

    Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe CONTINUING EDUCATION CENTER Vienna University on the consumption of energy. However, this system is currently not sustainable. Renewable energy sources as well. The objective of the postgraduate MSc Program "Renewable Energy in Central & Eastern Europe" is, to contribute

  3. Renewable Energy-Aware Manycast Overlays Thilo Schondienst, Dylan A.P. Davis, Jeremy M. Plante, and Vinod M. Vokkarane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vokkarane, Vinod M.

    Renewable Energy-Aware Manycast Overlays Thilo Sch¨ondienst, Dylan A.P. Davis, Jeremy M. Plante that are powered by renewable energy sources: Manycast Drop at Greenest Nodes (MA-DGN). The potential for emission traffic. We assume heterogeneously distributed and time-dependent availability of renewable energy sources

  4. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation into Generating Renewable Energy for New Student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of a project/report". #12;An Investigation into Generating Renewable Energy for New Student Union Building into Generating Renewable Energy for New Student Union Building Using Solar Cells Muhammad Usman Rizwan, Malihsa renewable energy source for the new SUB. This source needed to be on site and able to power at least 20

  5. ICCBT 2008 -F -(07) pp79-94 Palm Biodiesel an Alternative Green Renewable Energy for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ducatelle, Frederick

    ICCBT 2008 - F - (07) ­ pp79-94 ICCBT2008 Palm Biodiesel an Alternative Green Renewable Energy increased the interest on alternative energy sources. Clean and renewable biofuels have been touted as an alternative source of green renewable energy through a survey conducted from previously researched findings

  6. RP-5 RENEWABLE ENERGY PROJECT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neil Clifton; Eliza Jane Whitman; Jamal A. Zughbi

    2003-01-30

    This is the second quarterly technical report for the RP-5 Renewable Energy Project. The report summarizes the work progress, effort and activities that took place during the period of October 1, 2002 to December 31, 2002. The report has been prepared in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) Guidelines. This technical report covers all meetings and discussions that were conducted in order to follow up on potential renewable energy technologies that were identified in the previous report; the technologies were analyzed for their feasibility, suitability and cost effectiveness for this project. This report covers the one-day conceptual design kickoff meeting that took place on November 4, 2002. The meeting was held to discuss the practicality and implementation of potential innovative technologies. Following the kickoff meeting, Inland Empire Utilities Agency (IEUA) and CH2M Hill, the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Consultant, held a meeting on December 2, 2002 to discuss the Conceptual Design Report outline and contents in order to clearly present each selected technology along with its evaluation, cost effectiveness and justification. A conference call also took place between the PIER Consultant and IEUA on December 13, 2002, to discuss the overall scope of work for this project. Major project activities in this period include expanded discussions on previous Energy Charrette decisions and recommendations, conceptual design kickoff meeting, conceptual design report, and deciding on the overall project scope of work.

  7. Renewable Energy Positioning System: Energy Positioning: Control and Economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-03-01

    GENI Project: The University of Washington and the University of Michigan are developing an integrated system to match well-positioned energy storage facilities with precise control technologies so the electric grid can more easily include energy from renewable power sources like wind and solar. Because renewable energy sources provide intermittent power, it is difficult for the grid to efficiently allocate those resources without developing solutions to store their energy for later use. The two universities are working with utilities, regulators, and the private sector to position renewable energy storage facilities in locations that optimize their ability to provide and transmit electricity where and when it is needed most. Expanding the network of transmission lines is prohibitively expensive, so combining well-placed storage facilities with robust control systems to efficiently route their power will save consumers money and enable the widespread use of safe, renewable sources of power.

  8. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeMeo, E.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented at Wind Powering America States Summit. The Summit, which follows the American Wind Energy Association's (AWEA's) annual WINDPOWER Conference and Exhibition, provides state Wind Working Groups, state energy officials, U.S. Energy Department and national laboratory representatives, and professional and institutional partners an opportunity to review successes, opportunities, and challenges for wind energy and plan future collaboration.

  9. Renewable Electricity Futures (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mai, T.

    2012-08-01

    This presentation library summarizes findings of NREL's Renewable Electricity Futures study, published in June 2012. RE Futures investigated the challenges and impacts of achieving very high renewable electricity generation levels in the contiguous United States by 2050. It was presented at the 2012 RE AMP Annual Meeting. RE-AMP is an active network of 144 nonprofits and foundations across eight Midwestern states working on climate change and energy policy with the goal of reducing global warming pollution economy-wide 80% by 2050.

  10. Alternative Energy Sources -- An Interdisciplinary Module for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    - An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Alternative Energy Sources -- An Interdisciplinary Module for Energy Education Find activities focused on renewable energy...

  11. Accelerating Majorization Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan de Leeuw

    2011-01-01

    incomplete data via the em algorithm. Journal of the RoyalACCELERATING MAJORIZATION ALGORITHMS JAN DE LEEUW Abstract.construc- tion of majorization algorithms and their rate of

  12. Accelerating Majorization Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeuw, Jan de

    2008-01-01

    incomplete data via the em algorithm. Journal of the RoyalACCELERATING MAJORIZATION ALGORITHMS JAN DE LEEUW Abstract.construc- tion of majorization algorithms and their rate of

  13. Renewable Electricity Futures:  Operational Analysis of the Western Interconnection at Very High Renewable Penetrations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The goal of this work was to perform a detailed, sub-hourly analysis of very high penetration scenarios for a single interconnection (the Western Interconnection). The scenarios analyzed for this study included a variety of generation infrastructure buildouts and power system operational assumptions, with three different portfolios of renewable generators. The High scenario had approximately 82% renewable generation after curtailment, which included 41% of its generation coming from variable generation (VG) sources like wind and solar photovoltaics (PV). The remaining renewable generation came from hydropower, geothermal, and concentrating solar power (CSP). The Higher Baseload scenario adds CSP and geothermal to the High scenario to make 88% renewable generation. This study also included a Higher VG scenario with added wind and solar PV generation to get to 86% renewable generation. Both Higher scenarios added the same amount of possible generation, but the Higher VG scenario showed more curtailment from the incremental generation, leading to lower penetration levels after curtailment. The primary conclusion of this study is that sub-hourly operation of the grid is possible with renewable generation levels between 80% and 90%. Dynamic studies will need to be done to understand any impacts on reliability during contingencies and transient events.

  14. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy DOE Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Overview Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE/CESA/TTC Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Webinar December 14, 2010 #12;2 Examples of DOE-funded Partners and Locations ­ Fuel Cell Technologies

  15. Renewables for Energy Conservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    & SYSTEMS USEFUL ENERGY END USE ACTIVITIES (ENERGY SERVICES) COAL, OIL, SOLAR, GAS POWER PLANT, REFINERIES;Renewable Energy Options Wind Solar Small Hydro Biomass Tidal Energy Wave Energy Ocean Thermal Energy Solar Commercial Residential #12;Industry Process Heating Energy from Waste Cogeneration Solar Water Heater Solar

  16. Renewable energy and telecommunications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be able to deal with. "If we integrate renewable energies, such as wind power, in the electricity grid farms can be balanced out by traditional power plants and how smart meters and new energy storage, there will also be uncertainty, as we don't know what the wind will be doing tomorrow," explains Stan Zachary, who

  17. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy DOE­DOT CNG­H2 Workshop Summary and Highlights Antonio Ruiz DOE Vehicular Tank Workshop April 29, 2010 ­ Sandia National Laboratories, CA #12;2 CNG­H2 Fuels CNG and hydrogen- fueled vehicles in public transit fleets and the consumer sector. Objectives

  18. Renewable Natural Gas (Biomethane)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    to Landfill Owner $6.18 Total Cost Per MMBtu #12;Index Price of Natural Gas NYMEX Natural Gas Futures PricesRenewable Natural Gas (Biomethane) #12;Critical Barriers Impeding RNG as a Transportation Fuel-developer of largest RNG production project in U.S. at McCommas Bluff Landfill in Dallas, Texas · Chairman and co

  19. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita Satyapal Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program DOE-DOD MOU Workshop September 30, 2010 #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity

  20. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Overview of Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Activities Dr. Sunita of Energy Military Energy and Alternative Fuels Conference March 17-18, 2010 San Diego, CA #12;2 1. Overview;3 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource Diversity Fuel cells offer

  1. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Audience/Event Date EERE Fuel Cell Technologies Program Sunita Satyapal Acting Program Manager U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Fuel Cell Project Kickoff September 30, 2009 #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource

  2. Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Technologies Program Sunita SatyapalSunita SatyapalSeptember 24, 2009 *On detail #12;2 Fuel Cells: Addressing Energy Challenges Energy Efficiency and Resource DiversityEnergy Efficiency and Resource Diversity Fuel cells offer a highly efficient way to use diverse

  3. Renewable Energy Research Planning for Renewable-based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , wind, small hydro, and ocean wave energy are available for energy generation. With the developmentRenewable Energy Research Planning for Renewable-based Energy Security and Prosperity in Humboldt County www.energy.ca.gov/research/renewable May 2011 The Issue Currently, the tools and models needed

  4. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Drilling Fluids Market Type Term Title...

  5. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Drilling Fluids Market Size Type Term...

  6. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Biomass Power Generation Market Type...

  7. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Drilling Fluids Market Forecast Type...

  8. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Drilling Fluids Market Trends Type Term...

  9. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Fuel Cells Market Forecast Type Term...

  10. Renewable Energy RFPs | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy RFPs Home > Renewable Energy RFPs > Posts by term > Renewable Energy RFPs Content Group Activity By term Q & A Feeds Term: Fuel Cells Market Analysis Type Term...

  11. Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Project Development...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Concepts Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Project Development Concepts Watch the DOE Office of Indian Energy renewable energy course entitled "Tribal Renewable Energy...

  12. Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Project Development...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Process Tribal Renewable Energy Advanced Course: Project Development Process Watch the DOE Office of Indian Energy renewable energy course entitled "Tribal Renewable Energy Project...

  13. Adoption of Renewable Energy Technologies Under Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torani, Kiran

    2014-01-01

    Economy 105(6): Chevron. 2008. Renewable Energy At Chevron.www.chevronenergy.com/renewable_energy/ . Chu, S. , and A.Opportunities. ” National Renewable Energy Laboratory

  14. Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papavasiliou, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    of Renewable Energy Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.4the model, where renewable energy supply is replaced by itsPhil Kaminsky. Renewable energy supply for electric vehicle

  15. Coupling Renewable Energy Supply with Deferrable Demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papavasiliou, Anthony

    2011-01-01

    1.2 Limitations to Large-Scale Renewable EnergyImpacts of Renewable Energy Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Coupling Renewable Energy with Deferrable

  16. Renewable Systems Interconnection: Executive Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kroposki, B.; Margolis, R.; Kuswa, G.; Torres, J.; Bower, W.; Key, T.; Ton, D.

    2008-02-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy launched the Renewable Systems Interconnection (RSI) study in 2007 to address the challenges to high penetrations of distributed renewable energy technologies. The RSI study consists of 14 additional reports.

  17. Renewable Energy in Rangan Banerjee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Rangan

    Renewable Energy in India Rangan Banerjee Energy Systems Engineering Lecture in CEP course on Wind #12;Renewable Energy Options Wind Solar Small Hydro Biomass Tidal Energy Wave Energy Ocean Thermal

  18. 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The annual report is an important assessment of U.S. energy statistics for 2012, including renewable electricity, worldwide renewable energy development, clean energy investments, and data on specific technologies. The 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book is filled with information-packed charts and graphics, which allows users, from analysts to policymakers, to quickly understand and summarize trends in renewable energy -- both on a U.S. and global scale.

  19. 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The annual report is an important assessment of U.S. energy statistics for 2010, including renewable electricity, worldwide renewable energy development, clean energy investments, and data on specific technologies. The 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book is filled with information-packed charts and graphics, which allows users, from analysts to policymakers, to quickly understand and summarize trends in renewable energy -- both on a U.S. and global scale.

  20. 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The annual report is an important assessment of U.S. energy statistics for 2011, including renewable electricity, worldwide renewable energy development, clean energy investments, and data on specific technologies. The 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book is filled with information-packed charts and graphics, which allows users, from analysts to policymakers, to quickly understand and summarize trends in renewable energy -- both on a U.S. and global scale.

  1. 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The annual report is an important assessment of U.S. energy statistics for 2013, including renewable electricity, worldwide renewable energy development, clean energy investments, and data on specific technologies. The 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book is filled with information-packed charts and graphics, which allows users, from analysts to policymakers, to quickly understand and summarize trends in renewable energy -- both on a U.S. and global scale.

  2. Gerold Alsmeyer Renewal, Recurrence and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alsmeyer, Gerold

    easier: the standard model of a random walk . . . 31 2.1.3 Classification of renewal processesGerold Alsmeyer Renewal, Recurrence and Regeneration February 16, 2010 Springer #12;#12;For . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.1 The renewal problem: a simple example to begin with . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 The Poisson

  3. RENEWABLES 2005 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    to renewable energy. The establishment of a global policy network was embraced in the Political Declaration Research Institute Chinese Renewable Energy Industries Association China Susan McDade Energy Environment Institute Lead Author: Eric Martinotwww.ren21.net #12;Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century

  4. THEHARVARDCAMPAIGNFORARTS&SCIENCES house renewal &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    THEHARVARDCAMPAIGNFORARTS&SCIENCES house renewal & the student experience #12;#12;campaign's Head of Seated Woman, 1962. our priorities Financial aid House renewal & tHe student experience FacultyH learning, cOnnect friends, and sHape lives House renewal & tHe student experience campaign

  5. Challenges in Integrating Renewable Technologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    costs and improving energy efficiencies of the various types of renewable resources, such as wind, solar reliability and econ- omy. The challenges of integrating high penetrations of renewable energy technologiesChallenges in Integrating Renewable Technologies into an Electric Power System White Paper Power

  6. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    illustrate that future renewable energy development will beillustrate that future renewable energy development will be

  7. Renewable Systems Interconnection

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProject Developsfor UCNIEnvironmentalAHRIRemote DuctRenewableJuan J. Torres

  8. Renewables and Grid Integration

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct.7, 2015 ThermochemEnergy Renewables Portfolio

  9. Community Renewables: Model Program Rules

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Interstate Renewable Energy Council (IREC) has worked closely with The Vote Solar Initiative to develop model program rules for community-scale renewables that consider many of the basic issues facing community renewables programs. IREC’s model program rules address such issues as renewable system size, interconnection, eligibility for participation, allocation of the benefits flowing from participation, net metering of system production, and other essential features of a community renewables program. The goal of this effort is to provide stakeholders with program rules they can tailor to the individual circumstances and policy preferences of their state without having to reinvent the wheel at each turn.

  10. 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments Augustine of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Carla Renewable Energy Development ............................................. III Wind

  11. Renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous files

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ophir Flomenbom

    2010-08-13

    Renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous files are solved. A simple file is made of Brownian hard spheres that diffuse stochastically in an effective 1D channel. Generally, Brownian files are heterogeneous: the spheres' diffusion coefficients are distributed and the initial spheres' density is non-uniform. In renewal-anomalous files, the distribution of waiting times for individual jumps is exponential as in Brownian files, yet obeys: {\\psi}_{\\alpha} (t)~t^(-1-{\\alpha}), 0renewal as all the particles attempt to jump at the same time. It is shown that the mean square displacement (MSD) in a renewal-anomalous-heterogeneous file, , obeys, ~[_{nrml}]^{\\alpha}, where _{nrml} is the MSD in the corresponding Brownian file. This scaling is an outcome of an exact relation (derived here) connecting probability density functions of Brownian files and renewal-anomalous files. It is also shown that non-renewal-anomalous files are slower than the corresponding renewal ones.

  12. Community Renewable Energy Deployment: Sacramento Municipal Utility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Community Renewable Energy Deployment: Sacramento Municipal Utility District Projects Jump to: navigation, search Name Community Renewable Energy Deployment: Sacramento Municipal...

  13. National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Energy Systems Integration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Energy Systems Integration Facility Overview This...

  14. EPA's Renewable Fuels Standard Web page

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-12-30

    The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program regulations were developed in collaboration with refiners, renewable fuel producers, and many other stakeholders.

  15. Islands and Our Renewable Energy Future (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baring-Gould, I.; Gevorgian, V.; Kelley, K.; Conrad, M.

    2012-05-01

    Only US Laboratory Dedicated Solely to Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. High Contribution Renewables in Islanded Power Systems.

  16. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Postdoctoral Research Awards Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research Awards Contacts Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Postdoctoral Research Awards...

  17. Ninth Annual Ocean Renewable Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The future of clean, renewable ocean wave energy will be discussed in depth at the 2014 Ocean Renewable Energy Conference.

  18. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report An Investigation of Solar Energy as a Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    are solved by using solar energy as an alternative energy source. Issues such as pollution, health Energy as a Renewable Energy Source for the New Student Union Building Dana Vadisirisack, Ryan Kelly of a project/report". #12;1 AN INVESTIGATION OF SOLAR ENERGY AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCE FOR THE NEW

  19. MAS275 Probability Modelling 2 Renewal Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan, Jonathan

    MAS275 Probability Modelling 2 Renewal Theory 2.1 Renewal processes in discrete time Renewal will model the lengths of time between renewals (e.g. the life-lengths of light bulbs) as random variables there is an occurrence called a renewal, and at the points of time between these renewals, nothing happens. For example

  20. Renewable Energy Opportunity Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hancock, E.; Mas, C.

    1998-11-13

    Presently, the US EPA is constructing a new complex at Research Triangle Park, North Carolina to consolidate its research operations in the Raleigh-Durham area. The National Computer Center (NCC) is currently in the design process and is planned for construction as partof this complex. Implementation of the new technologies can be planned as part of the normal construction process, and full credit for elimination of the conventional technologies can be taken. Several renewable technologies are specified in the current plans for the buildings. The objective of this study is to identify measures that are likely to be both technically and economically feasible.

  1. Renewable Northwest Project

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100 Winners *ReindustrializationEnergyWind Energy Wind EnergyRenewable Jet

  2. Financial Impact of Energy Efficiency under a Federal Renewable Electricity Standard: Case Study of a Kansas "super-utility"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2010-01-01

    renewable energy and energy efficiency into a sustainableenergy sources and energy efficiency policy review: Therenewable electricity and energy-efficiency policy. Energy

  3. Integrated Nuclear-Renewable Energy Systems: Foundational Workshop Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shannon Bragg-Sitton; Richard Boardman; John Collins; Mark Ruth; Owen Zinaman; Charles Forsberg

    2014-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) recognizes the need to transform the energy infrastructure of the U.S. and elsewhere to systems that can drastically reduce environmental impacts in an efficient and economically viable manner while utilizing both hydrocarbon resources and clean energy generation sources. Thus, DOE is supporting research and development that could lead to more efficient utilization of clean energy generation sources, including renewable and nuclear options. A concept being advanced by the DOE Offices of Nuclear Energy (NE) and Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is tighter coupling of nuclear and renewable energy sources in a manner that produces new energy currency for the combined electricity grid, industrial manufacturing, and the transportation energy sectors. This integration concept has been referred to as a “hybrid system” that is capable of providing the right type of energy, at the right time, in the right place. At the direction of DOE-NE and DOE-EERE leadership, project leads at Idaho National Laboratory (INL), National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have identified and engaged stakeholders in discussing integrated energy systems that would optimize renewable and nuclear energy integration on a region-by-region basis. Subsequent work will entail conduct of technical, economic, environmental and socio-political evaluations of the leading integrated system options based on a set of criteria established with stakeholder input. The Foundational Workshop for Integrated Nuclear – Renewable Energy Systems was organized around the following objectives: 1. Identify and refine priority region-specific opportunities for integrated nuclear-renewable energy systems in the U.S.; 2. Select Figures of Merit (FOM) to rank and prioritize candidate systems; 3. Discuss enabling technology development needs; 4. Identify analysis requirements, capabilities and gaps to estimate FOM for integrated system options; 5. Identify experimental needs to develop and demonstrate nuclear-renewable energy systems.

  4. Renewable Energy Opportunities at the Kanto Installations, Japan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solana, Amy E.; Horner, Jacob A.; Russo, Bryan J.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Kora, Angela R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

    2010-09-24

    This document provides an overview of renewable resource development potential at the U.S. Army installations in the Kanto region in Japan, which includes Camp Zama, Yokohama North Dock, Sagamihara Family Housing Area (SFHA), Sagami General Depot, and Akasaka Press Center. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and also on ground source heat pumps for heating and cooling buildings. The effort was funded by the Huntsville Army Corps of Engineers, and includes the development of a methodology for renewable resource assessment at Army installations located on foreign soil. The methodology is documented in Renewable Energy Assessment Methodology for Japanese OCONUS Army Installations. The site visit to the Kanto installations took place on April 5 and 6, 2010. At the current time, there are some renewable technologies that show economic potential. Because of siting restrictions and the small size of these installations, development of most renewable energy technologies will likely be limited to Camp Zama. Project feasibility is based on installation-specific resource availability and energy costs and projections based on accepted life-cycle cost methods. Development of any renewable energy project will be challenging, as it will require investigation into existing contractual obligations, new contracts that could be developed, the legality of certain partnerships, and available financing avenues, which involves the U.S. Forces Japan (USFJ), the Government of Japan (GOJ), and a number of other parties on both sides. The Army will not be able to implement a project without involvement and approval from the other services and multiple levels of Japanese government. However, implementation of renewable energy projects could be an attractive method for GOJ to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and lower annual utility payments to USFJ. This report recommends projects to pursue and offers approaches to use. The most promising opportunities include waste-to-energy and ground source heat pumps. Solar photovoltaics (PV) may also prove successful. Other resources were found to be insufficient on the Kanto installations.

  5. New Study: Renewable Energy for State Renewable Portfolio Standards...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    come from reduced greenhouse gas emissions and 5.2 billion from reductions in other air pollution for state renewable portfolio standard (RPS) policies operating in 2013. A...

  6. Putting renewables and energy efficiency to work: How many jobs can the clean energy industry generate in the US?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    potential of renewable energy, energy efficiency, and low carbon sources such as carbon capturePutting renewables and energy efficiency to work: How many jobs can the clean energy industry 2009 Accepted 19 October 2009 Available online 14 November 2009 Keywords: Green jobs Renewable energy

  7. Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, Andrew W. Moore and Andy Hopper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haddadi, Hamed

    Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice renewable en- ergy by (i) colocating datacentres with these remote energy sources, (ii) connecting them over that period. In anticipation of this growth, our industry is begin- ning to explore renewable energy

  8. Renewable Energy Opportunities for the Army

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solana, Amy E.; States, Jennifer C.; Chvala, William D.; Weimar, Mark R.; Dixon, Douglas R.

    2008-08-13

    The Department of Defense (DoD) has a goal of obtaining 25% of its domestic electricity from renewable sources by 2025, and also must meet federal renewable energy mandates and schedules. This report describes the analyses undertaken to study the renewable resource potential at 15 Army sites, focusing on grid-connected generation of electricity. The resources analyzed at each site include solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, waste-to-energy, and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). For each renewable generation resource, an assessment was completed to determine the level of resource availability, and the price at which that resource would be available for electricity generation. Various design alternatives and available technologies were considered in order to determine the best way to utilize each resource and maximize cost-effective electricity generation. Economic analysis used multiple funding options, including investment by an independent power producer (IPP), Energy Savings Performance Contract (ESPC), and Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP), and considered tax incentives, renewable energy credits, and other economic factors to reveal the most realistic costs possible. Where resource options proved to be economically viable, implementation approaches were recommended. The intention was to focus each installation’s efforts on realistic projects, moving them from initial assessment through the design and financing to implementation. Many Army sites enjoy very low costs of electricity, limiting the number of cost-effective renewable energy options where resources are available. Waste-to-energy was often a viable option due to the additional revenue gathered from transferred tipping fees. GSHPs were also commonly cost-effective options for replacement in inefficient buildings. Geothermal, wind, and solar resources are found to be more available in certain parts of the country over others, reducing overall potential for use. Wind is variable and often most available in remote areas far from transmission lines, greatly increasing costs. Capital costs for solar energy are high, and the resource is also variable. Table 1 shows which resources are promising for each installation studied. Not all analyses are complete at this point, so some resource potential is still unknown.

  9. Hydropower major rehabilitation projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norlin, J.A. [Army Corps of Engineers, Portland, OR (United States)

    1995-12-31

    The Corps of Engineers has developed an active Major Rehabilitation Program to handle large, long duration restoration projects. These projects are funded by specific appropriations and subsequently are required to have detailed rehabilitation plans to justify the work. The emphasis of the Major Rehabilitation Program is correcting reliability problems. Papers that were presented at Waterpower `93 discussed the basic concepts that are required in preparing a Major Rehabilitation Evaluation Report. This paper will cover the current status of each of the current major rehabilitation projects that the Corps of Engineers has in progress.

  10. Community Renewable Energy Deployment Webinars

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Watch these previously recorded webinars to learn about successful community renewable energy projects, including how challenges and barriers faced during development were addressed. Accompanying...

  11. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), which has a goal of obtaining 33 percent of the state's electricity from renewable resources by 2020 ................................................................................................. 10 C. Consumer Education Program

  12. COMMISSION GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS), which has a goal of obtaining 33 percent of the state's electricity ................................................................................................... 6 C. Consumer Education Program

  13. Renewable Energy Community: Key Elements

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlisle, N.; Elling, J.; Penney, T.

    2008-01-01

    Designing new communities using a renewable energy systems approach--with sustainable planning, zero-energy homes, advanced vehicles, and innovative utility interconnections--can reduce energy use.

  14. Renewable Energy in the Southeast

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation—given at the April 2012 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting—discusses drivers, considerations, and opportunities for renewable energy in the southeastern United States.

  15. Lessons Learned in Renewable Projects

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    implement method) - http:ncsolarcen-prod.s3.amazonaws.comwp- contentuploads2015013rd-Party-PPA0302015.pdf * Compare renewable generation to load. If some export expected,...

  16. Air Force Renewable Energy Programs

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation covers Air Force Renewable Energy Programs and is given at the Spring 2011 Federal Utility Partnership Working Group (FUPWG) meeting.

  17. STAFF DRAFT GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    compliance with the RPS. Keywords: awardee, battery, biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity (QRE), RECs, renewable energy

  18. Staff Draft GUIDEBOOK RENEWABLES PORTFOLIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and verifying compliance with the RPS. Keywords: Biodiesel, biogas, biomass, biomethane, certificates, pipeline biomethane, power purchase agreement, Qualified Reporting Entity, RECs, renewable energy

  19. International Marine Renewable Energy Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The International Marine Renewable Energy Conference (IMREC) offers researchers, technology developers, policy makers, NGOs, and industry representatives the opportunity to discuss financing...

  20. Final Report - Conservation & Renewable Energy Potential Study For Smith River Rancheria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greg Retzlaff

    2007-07-01

    In January 2006 the Smith River Rancheria (SRR), located in Smith River, California, contracted with the team of Strategic Energy Solutions (SES) and Evergreen NRG to conduct a study for the community. The objective of the study was to identify renewable generation opportunities that would facilitate Rancheria energy independence through SRR owned and operated power projects. These generation facilities were to be located either on or near the reservation. Specifically, the Rancheria was interested in the viability of generating electric power using biomass and wind fuel resources. Initial research identified that a very small portion of the community's energy could be offset by renewable energy generation due to the low solar resource in this area, and the lack of significant wind or biomass resources on or near reservation land. Some larger projects were identified which offered little or no benefit to the Rancheria. As a result, the scope of this study was changed in October 2006 to focus on energy efficiency opportunities for key reservation facilities, with a continued analysis of smaller renewable energy opportunities within reservation boundaries. The consulting team initially performed a resource analysis for biomass and solar generation opportunities in the region of the Rancheria. It was quickly concluded that none of these options would yield renewable power for the Rancheria at costs competitive with current utility sources, and that any larger installations would require substantial funding that may not be available. Having made these conclusions early on, the study effort was redirected and the team investigated each of the major Rancheria buildings to look for solar, wind and conservation opportunities. The buildings were audited for energy use and the roof areas were examined for exposure of solar radiation. Wind resources were also investigated to determine if smaller wind turbines would offer power generation at a reasonable cost.

  1. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    to achieve China’s planned renewable energy development areillustrate that future renewable energy development will behas increasingly looked to renewable energy for meeting its

  2. Quenching China's Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of China's Renewable Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2014-01-01

    tower plant in China. ” Renewable and Sustainable Energyby plant in Guangxi. ” Renewable and Sustainable EnergyChina’s Thirst for Renewable Power: Water Implications of

  3. Renewable Energy Certificate Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gwendolyn S. Andersen

    2012-07-17

    This project was primarily to develop and implement a curriculum which will train undergraduate and graduate students at the University seeking a degree as well as training for enrollees in a special certification program to prepare individuals to be employed in a broad range of occupations in the field of renewable energy and energy conservation. Curriculum development was by teams of Saint Francis University Faculty in the Business Administration and Science Departments and industry experts. Students seeking undergraduate and graduate degrees are able to enroll in courses offered within these departments which will combine theory and hands-on training in the various elements of wind power development. For example, the business department curriculum areas include economic modeling, finance, contracting, etc. The science areas include meteorology, energy conversion and projection, species identification, habitat protection, field data collection and analysis, etc.

  4. Multi-Year Analysis of Renewable Energy Impacts in California: Results from the Renewable Portfolio Standards Integration Cost Analysis; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milligan, M.; Shiu, H.; Kirby, B.; Jackson, K.

    2006-08-01

    California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS, Senate Bill 1078) requires the state's investor-owned utilities to obtain 20% of their energy mix from renewable generation sources. To facilitate the imminent increase in the penetration of renewables, the California Energy Commission (CEC), in support of the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC), initiated a study of integration costs in the context of RPS implementation. This effort estimated the impact of renewable generation in the regulation and load-following time scales and calculated the capacity value of renewable energy sources using a reliability model. The analysis team, consisting of researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the California Wind Energy Collaborative (CWEC), performed the study in cooperation with the California Independent System Operator (CaISO), the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE). The study was conducted over three phases and was followed by an analysis of a multi-year period. This paper presents results from the multi-year analysis and the Phase III recommendations.

  5. Renewable Energy Assessment Methodology for Japanese OCONUS Army Installations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solana, Amy E.; Horner, Jacob A.; Russo, Bryan J.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Kora, Angela R.; Weimar, Mark R.; Hand, James R.; Orrell, Alice C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.

    2010-08-30

    Since 2005, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has been asked by Installation Management Command (IMCOM) to conduct strategic assessments at selected US Army installations of the potential use of renewable energy resources, including solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, waste, and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). IMCOM has the same economic, security, and legal drivers to develop alternative, renewable energy resources overseas as it has for installations located in the US. The approach for continental US (CONUS) studies has been to use known, US-based renewable resource characterizations and information sources coupled with local, site-specific sources and interviews. However, the extent to which this sort of data might be available for outside the continental US (OCONUS) sites was unknown. An assessment at Camp Zama, Japan was completed as a trial to test the applicability of the CONUS methodology at OCONUS installations. It was found that, with some help from Camp Zama personnel in translating and locating a few Japanese sources, there was relatively little difficulty in finding sources that should provide a solid basis for conducting an assessment of comparable depth to those conducted for US installations. Project implementation will likely be more of a challenge, but the feasibility analysis will be able to use the same basic steps, with some adjusted inputs, as PNNL’s established renewable resource assessment methodology.

  6. Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program December 2005 Progress Report for Automotive Propulsion Materials Program Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office the development of energy-efficient vehicle technologies, including hybrid sys- tems, advanced emission control

  7. Integrating High Levels of Renewables in to the Lanai Electric Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kroposki, B.; Burman, K.; Keller, J.; Kandt, A.; Glassmire, J.; Lilienthal, P.

    2012-06-01

    The Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI) is working with a team led by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Sandia National Laboratory (Sandia) to assess the economic and technical feasibility of increasing the contribution of renewable energy sources on the island of Lanai with a stated goal of reaching 100% renewable energy. NREL and Sandia partnered with Castle & Cooke, Maui Electric Company (MECO), and SRA International to perform the assessment.

  8. Renewable Energy Opportunities Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe Planning Department; Smiley, Steve; Bennett, Keith, DOE Project Officer

    2008-10-22

    The Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe has a vision to become self-sufficient in its energy needs and to maintain its culture and protect Mother Earth with respect and honor for the next seven generations. To achieve this vision, green energy sources such as solar, wind and biomass energy are the best energy paths to travel. In this feasibility study the Tribe has analyzed and provided data on the nature of the renewable resources available to the Tribe and the costs of implementing these technologies.

  9. Renewable Energy Planning: Multiparametric Cost Optimization; Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, A.

    2008-05-01

    This paper describes a method for determining the combination of renewable energy technologies that minimize life-cycle cost at a facility, often with a specified goal regarding percent of energy use from renewable sources. Technologies include: photovoltaics (PV); wind; solar thermal heat and electric; solar ventilation air preheating; solar water heating; biomass heat and electric (combustion, gasification, pyrolysis, anaerobic digestion); and daylighting. The method rests upon the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) capabilities in characterization of technology cost and performance, geographic information systems (GIS) resource assessment, and life-cycle cost analysis. The paper discusses how to account for the way candidate technologies interact with each other, and the solver routine used to determine the combination that minimizes life-cycle cost. Results include optimal sizes of each technology, initial cost, operating cost, and life-cycle cost, including incentives from utilities or governments. Results inform early planning to identify and prioritize projects at a site for subsequent engineering and economic feasibility study.

  10. Majors Available Connecticut

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    Technology Sustainable Agriculture Wildlife Ecology Zoology New Hampshire Bioengineering ConstructionMajors Available Connecticut Bioengineering Electrical Engineering Technology Forest Operations, Bioproducts and Bioenergy Forestry Marine Science New Media Pulp and Paper Technology* Surveying Engineering

  11. Major Partner Test Sites

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Major Test Partners Once a technology is ready to be tested at pilot or commercial scale, the cost of building a test facility becomes significant -- often beyond the funding...

  12. Sustainability in Federal Building New Construction and Major Renovations

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Guiding Principles require agencies to design, construct, and operate high-performance and sustainable buildings. New construction and major renovations to existing buildings offer agencies opportunities to incorporate energy-efficient designs, sustainable siting and materials, and renewable energy technologies into federal facilities.

  13. The renewables portfolio standard in Texas: An early assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan H.; Langniss, Ole

    2001-01-01

    J. , 2000. Designing a Renewables Portfolio Standard:Resources. Espey, S. , 2001. Renewables Portfolio Standard:Consensus on National Renewables Policy: The Renewables

  14. History of energy sources and their utilization in Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ogunsola, O.I. (Dept. of Petroleum Engineering, Univ. of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt (NG))

    1990-01-01

    Nigeria, a major oil producer, is rich in other energy sources. These include wood, coal, gas, tar sands, and hydro power. Although oil has been the most popular, some other energy sources have a longer history. This article discusses the historical trends in the production and utilization of Nigerian energy sources. Wood has the longest history. However,its utilization was limited to domestic cooking. Imported coal was first used in 1896, but it was not discovered in Nigeria until 1909 and was first produced in 1916. Although oil exploration started in 1901, it was first discovered in commercial quantity in 1956 and produced in 1958. Oil thereafter took over the energy scene from coal until 1969, when hydro energy was first produced. Energy consumption has been mainly from hydro. Tar sands account for about 55% of total proven non-renewable reserves.

  15. Monitoring SERC Technologies —Geothermal/Ground Source Heat Pumps

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A webinar by National Renewable Energy Laboratory Project Leader Dave Peterson about Geothermal/Ground Source Heat Pumps and how to properly monitor its installation.

  16. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory Analysis Capabilities Overview The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development (R&D). NREL

  17. Review of the Renewable Energy Target

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Richard

    Review of the Renewable Energy Target Response to Expert Panel's Call for Submissions Paper #12;NSW Government Submission to the Review of the Renewable Energy Target, May 2014 2/20 Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY........................................................................................................................... 3 RENEWABLE ENERGY IN NSW

  18. Webcast of the Renewable Energy Competency Model

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy held a webcast titled ""Renewable Energy Competency Model: An Aid to Build a Renewable Energy Skilled Workforce"" on Monday, October 22, 2012. The Renewable Energy...

  19. Financing Renewable Energy- No Pain, No Gain

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Community Renewable Energy Success Stories Webinar series presentation by Rob Holden, New Resource Bank, on financing renewable energy systems from a banker’s perspective.

  20. Hawaii Renewable Hydrogen Program Policy Evaluation & Recommendations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawaii Renewable Hydrogen Program Policy Evaluation & Recommendations Final Report August 2012 #12;Hawaii Renewable Hydrogen Program: Policy Recommendations 2 Project Title: Hawaii Renewable Hydrogen of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology ­ Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Award Number: Contract No

  1. 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments, and Keith Wipke of NREL. The primary data represented and synthesized in the 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book

  2. Battery storage for supplementing renewable energy systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2009-01-18

    The battery storage for renewable energy systems section of the Renewable Energy Technology Characterizations describes structures and models to support the technical and economic status of emerging renewable energy options for electricity supply.

  3. FORECASTING THE ROLE OF RENEWABLES IN HAWAII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2013-01-01

    FORECASTING THE ROLE OF RENEWABLES IN HAWAII Jayant SathayeFORECASTING THE ROLF OF RENEWABLES IN HAWAII J Sa and Henrythe Conservation Role of Renewables November 18, 1980 Page 2

  4. Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Distributed Generation and Renewable Energy in the Electric Cooperative Sector Ed Torrero generation (non-renewable) $6.4M CRN dollars over 10 years Renewable energy $1.6M CRN dollars over 10

  5. RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAM OVERALL PROGRAM GUIDEBOOK Committee Draft Guidebook Third Edition.D. Commissioner Associate Member Kate Zocchetti Project Manager Tony Gonçalves Office Manager Renewable Energy Office Panama Bartholomy Deputy Director Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Melissa Jones Executive

  6. RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr Gareth P. Harrison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Gareth

    RENEWABLE ENERGY Dr Gareth P. Harrison Institute for Energy Systems, School of Engineering & Electronics, University of Edinburgh, UK. ABSTRACT The expansion and commercialisation of renewable energy and deployment of renewable energy technologies can be made based on their environmental, sustainability

  7. Indian Renewable Energy Status Report: Background Report for DIREC 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arora, D. S.; Busche, S.; Cowlin, S.; Engelmeier, T.; Jaritz, J.; Milbrandt, A.; Wang, S.

    2010-10-01

    India has great potential to accelerate use of endowed renewable resources in powering its growing economy with a secure and affordable energy supply. The Government of India recognizes that development of local, renewable resources will be critical to ensure that India is able to meet both economic and environmental objectives and has supported the development of renewable energy through several policy actions. This paper describes the status of renewable energy in India as of DIREC 2010. It begins by describing the institutional framework guiding energy development in India, the main policy drivers impacting energy, and the major policy actions India has taken that impact renewable energy deployment. The paper presents estimates of potential for wind, solar, small hydro, and bioenergy and the deployment of each of these technologies to date in India. The potential for India to meet both large-scale generation needs and provide access to remote, unelectrified populations are covered. Finally, the enabling environment required to facilitate rapid scale of renewables is discussed, including issues of technology transfer and the status of financing in India.

  8. A Framework to Report the Production of Renewable Diesel from Algae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Framework to Report the Production of Renewable Diesel from Algae Colin M. Beal & Colin H. Smith(s) 2010. This article is published with open access at Springerlink.com Abstract Recently, algae have algae are a viable source for renewable diesel, three questions that must be answered are (1) how much

  9. Parasol and GreenSwitch: Managing Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parasol and GreenSwitch: Managing Datacenters Powered by Renewable Energy ´I~nigo Goiri, William the renewable energy supply. For highest benefits, green datacenter operators must intelligently manage with Parasol, GreenSwitch, and MapReduce workloads demonstrate that intelligent workload and energy source

  10. Financing U.S. Renewable Energy Projects Through Public Capital Vehicles: Qualitative and Quantitative Benefits

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendelsohn, M.; Feldman, D.

    2013-04-01

    This paper explores the possibility of financing renewable energy projects through raising capital in the public markets. It gives an overview of the size, structure, and benefits of public capital markets, as well as showing how renewable energy projects might take advantage of this source of new funds to lower the cost of electricity.

  11. Marine Renewable Energy Center

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vigeant, Paul; Miller, John; Howes, Brian; McGowan, Jon G.; Baldwin, Kenneth; Grilli, Annette; Terray, Eugene

    2013-10-08

    Project Goals: The funding provided by this contract supported the following activities: A) Test Site Development; B) Seed Grant Funded Technology Development; C) Stakeholder Activities The first year of funding was dedicated to the formation of the NE MREC University Consortium which was comprised of University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (UMD) and Amherst (UMA), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), University of New Hampshire (UNH), and the University of Rhode Island (URI). The consortium worked together to encourage research and promote benefits of obtaining energy from ocean wind, waves, tides and currents. In addition, NE MREC’s goal was to fund projects aimed at potential test sites with the first year funding going to studies of the potential for tidal device testing in Muskeget Channel, at the General Sullivan Bridge in New Hampshire, and for wave device testing at the proposed National Offshore Renewable Energy Innovation Zone (NOREIZ) located off the Massachusetts coast. The project spanned 4.5 years and addressed three specific tasks that are interrelated but also served as independent investigations.

  12. Renewable Energy 32 (2007) 12431257 Methane generation in landfills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    2007-01-01

    University, New York, NY 10027, USA Received 1 July 2005; accepted 15 April 2006 Available online 2 AugustRenewable Energy 32 (2007) 1243­1257 Methane generation in landfills Nickolas J. Themelis energy source, to generate electricity or heat. As of 2001, there were about one thousand landfills

  13. Optimal Routing and Scheduling in Multihop Wireless Renewable Energy Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Saswati

    to solar panels. In addition to solar, energy harvested from the wind through the use of micro-turbines [3 harvested from renewable sources could range from the order of tens of watts as with solar panels, to milli constraints. For example, a solar panel (with several square feet of panel area) may be more appropriate

  14. Integrating Renewable Energy Using Data Analytics Systems: Challenges and Opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    and limits their penetration. The current grid requires expensive, large- scale energy storage and peaker of renewable sources into the energy mix typically requires extensive backup generation or energy storage and economic limitations in current energy storage techniques, it will be difficult to meet even the current

  15. State Renewable Energy Requirements and Goals: Status Through 2003

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2004-01-01

    This report was assembled by the Energy Information Administration from a number of sources and in a series of steps, beginning with a review of state renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and other program summaries available on web sites, followed by a review of state laws and regulations, and then further clarified by direct contact with State public utility commissions, electric utilities, and others.

  16. Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lavaei, Javad

    Hydro, Solar, Wind The Future of Renewable Energy Joseph Flocco David Lath Department of Electrical the turbine speed constant. The available hydro power is calculated using the height difference between source has become popular and has many immediate benefits to communities that opt to build a hydro

  17. Renewable Energy and the Sustainable Campus Boyd and Dethier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aalberts, Daniel P.

    1 GEOS 206 Renewable Energy and the Sustainable Campus Boyd and Dethier 5/19/09 "With Grumbling;2 Introduction The importance of energy is rarely far from the American psyche. Gasoline runs our cars, oil heats of energy has severe and costly environmental impacts. In addition, many current sources of energy

  18. Energy Procurement Strategies in the Presence of Intermittent Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adlakha, Sachin

    , adamw@caltech.edu The increasing penetration of intermittent, unpredictable renewable energy sources, e.g., wind energy, poses significant challenges for utility companies trying to incorporate renewable energy the presence of renewable resources induces supply side uncertainty, and in which conventional energy may

  19. SHORT COURSE: RENEWABLE ENERGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    homes and businesses), including PV-Storage-Fuel Cells-Generators Grid Integration Studies of resources, managing the inherent variability of the generation sources, optimizing infrastructure upgrades Energy Technology LabPV Systems Evaluation and Optimization Lab Simulate small grid or community (25

  20. 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    The 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book is 128 pages of data in tables, figures and charts, and text. It provides a look at resources and usage for wind, solar, geothermal, hydro, hydrogen, and biopower. Developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), it was produced by Rachel Gelman, edited by Mike Meshek, and designed by Stacy Buchanan and Erica Augustine and released in October, 2013. Report number for this data book is DOE/GO-102013-4291.

  1. Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What's Working and Why Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What's Working and Why Presentation by...

  2. START Renewable Energy Project Development Technical Assistance...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    START Renewable Energy Project Development Technical Assistance START Renewable Energy Project Development Technical Assistance The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian...

  3. Fuel Cells and Renewable Gaseous Fuels

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Cell Technologies Office | 1 7142015 Fuel Cells and Renewable Gaseous Fuels Bioenergy 2015: Renewable Gaseous Fuels Breakout Session Sarah Studer, PhD ORISE Fellow Fuel Cell...

  4. Tribal Renewable Energy Solutions and Partnerships: Collaborating...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Tribal Renewable Energy Solutions and Partnerships: Collaborating Through the Headwinds of Change Tribal Renewable Energy Solutions and Partnerships: Collaborating Through the...

  5. Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing and Certification Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Specifications, Testing...

  6. Tribal Renewable Energy Curriculum Foundational Course: Biomass...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Biomass Tribal Renewable Energy Curriculum Foundational Course: Biomass Watch the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy foundational course webinar on biomass renewable...

  7. Renewable Energy Institutional Arrangements for Implementation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Institutional Arrangements for Implementation Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Institutional...

  8. Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Renewable Energy Technologies for Rural Electrification - The Role of the Private Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Technologies...

  9. Community Renewable Energy Deployment: University of California...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Community Renewable Energy Deployment: University of California at at Davis Project Jump to: navigation, search Name Community Renewable Energy Deployment: University of California...

  10. National Renewable Energy Laboratory Report Identifies Research...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory Report Identifies Research Needed to Address Power Market Design Challenges National Renewable Energy Laboratory Report Identifies Research...

  11. Webinar: "Upgrading Renewable and Sustainable Carbohydrates for...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    "Upgrading Renewable and Sustainable Carbohydrates for the Production of High Energy Density Fuels" Webinar: "Upgrading Renewable and Sustainable Carbohydrates for the Production...

  12. 2014 Renewable Energy Markets (REM) Conference

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Renewable Energy Markets (REM) is the clean energy industry's most important annual event focused on the states, businesses, organizations, and households that choose clean, renewable electricity...

  13. Identifying Renewable Energy Projects for Federal Agencies |...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    projects that can help federal agencies meet their 30% renewable electricity by 2025 target. This research is summarized on this page. Renewable Energy Markets The size of the...

  14. Renewable Electricity Purchases: History and Recent Developments

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    1999-01-01

    This article presents an analysis of prices of renewable-based electricity that utilities have paid to nonutilities, the primary generators of renewable electricity.

  15. Presentation to EAC: Renewable Electricity Futures Activities...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Presentation to EAC: Renewable Electricity Futures Activities & Status, October 29, 2010 Presentation to EAC: Renewable Electricity Futures Activities & Status, October 29, 2010...

  16. Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  17. Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What's Working and Why Federal Sector Renewable Energy Project Implementation: ""What's Working and Why Presentation by Robert...

  18. Renewable Hydrogen From Wind in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartholomy, Obadiah

    2005-01-01

    Suitability for Hydrogen Production in the Sacramento Area” Renewable Energy  for Hydrogen Production in Californiamodel of renewable hydrogen production in California, which

  19. North American Renewables Registry (Multiple States)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The North American Renewables Registry (NAR) provides a Web-based platform trusted to create, track, and manage renewable energy certificate (REC) origination for clean generation facilities and...

  20. Renewable Energy Systems | Clean Energy | ORNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Renewable Energy Systems SHARE Renewable Energy Systems Develop methods and models, conduct analyses and produce tools that address the potential and sustainability of biomass...

  1. Major Program Offices

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA PublicLED1,400 JobsDepartment of Energy76Major DOE101 Major

  2. Renewable Energy Development Grant Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Oregon Department of Energy (ODOE) offers competitive grants to renewable energy projects as part of ODOE's Energy Incentives Program.  ODOE created this competitive grant program in 2011, an...

  3. STAFF REPORT RENEWABLE POWER IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , distributed generation, energy storage, environmental impacts, environmental justice, feedin tariff, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal, transmission, wind, workforce development. Please use Portfolio Standard requires utilities to increase the amount of renewable generation sold to customers

  4. Renewable Resources for Hydrogen (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jalalzadeh-Azar, A. A.

    2010-05-03

    This presentation provides an overview of renewable resources for hydrogen. It was presented at the National Hydrogen Association Hydrogen Conference & Expo in Long Beach, CA, May 3-6, 2010.

  5. Ocean Renewable Energy Conference X

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 10th annual Ocean Renewable Energy Conference provides attendees a forum to share new ideas and concepts, opportunity to learn from leading-edge practitioners and policy-makers, information...

  6. Zero Waste, Renewable Energy & Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    Zero Waste, Renewable Energy & Environmental Stewardship - Connecting loose ends: Thermal Recycling Party, Berlin · Research Institute Karlsruhe, Germany · Oekoinstitut, Freiburg, Germany · BASF, Germany business, namely "zero waste" and "clean production." #12;Arguments given against WTE: People who think we

  7. Renewable Fuels Module - NEMS Documentation

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2014-01-01

    This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the Annual Energy Outlook forecasts.

  8. Fact #840: September 29, 2014 World Renewable Electricity Consumption is Growing

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Electricity generated from sources that are renewable – hydroelectric power, bio-fuels, geothermal, solar, wind, wood, waste – have grown 150% from 1980 to 2011 (latest year available). Of the...

  9. Tribal Renewable Energy Development under the Hearth Act: An Independently Rational, but Collectively Deficient Option

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kronk, Elizabeth Ann

    2013-03-11

    to Indian country for potential energy development opportunities. Such attention on potential energy development opportunities in Indian country is warranted, as abundant alternative and renewable energy sources exist within Indian country. Many tribes...

  10. Potential of wind-powered renewable energy membrane systems for Ghana 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, G.L.; Schäfer, Andrea; Richard, B.S.

    2009-01-01

    Areas of the world that lack fresh water often have an ample supply of wind or solar energy, making renewable energy an attractive option as a power source for desalination systems. Particularly, wind energy is attractive ...

  11. State Policies Provide Critical Support for Renewable Electricity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2008-07-15

    Growth in renewable energy in the U.S. over the past decade has been propelled by a number of forces, including rising fossil fuel prices, environmental concerns, and policy support at the state and federal levels. In this article, we review and discuss what are arguably the two most important types of state policies for supporting electricity generation from geothermal and other forms of renewable energy: renewables portfolio standards and utility integrated resource planning requirements. Within the Western U.S., where the vast majority of the nation's readily-accessible geothermal resource potential resides, these two types of state policies have been critical to the growth of renewable energy, and both promise to continue to play a fundamental role for the foreseeable future. In its essence, a renewables portfolio standard (RPS) requires utilities and other retail electricity suppliers to produce or purchase a minimum quantity or percentage of their generation supply from renewable resources. RPS purchase obligations generally increase over time, and retail suppliers typically must demonstrate compliance on an annual basis. Mandatory RPS policies are backed by various types of compliance enforcement mechanisms, although most states have incorporated some type of cost-containment provision, such as a cost cap or a cap on retail rate impacts, which could conceivably allow utilities to avoid (full) compliance with their RPS target. Currently, 27 states and the District of Columbia have mandatory RPS requirements. Within the eleven states of the contiguous Western U.S., all but three (Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming) now have a mandatory RPS legislation (Utah has a more-voluntary renewable energy goal), covering almost 80% of retail electricity sales in the region. Although many of these state policies have only recently been established, their impact is already evident: almost 1800 MW of new renewable capacity has been installed in Western states following the implementation of RPS policies. To date, wind energy has been the primary beneficiary of state RPS policies, representing approximately 83% of RPS-driven renewable capacity growth in the West through 2007. Geothermal energy occupies a distant second place, providing 7% of RPS-driven new renewable capacity in the West since the late 1990s, though geothermal's contribution on an energy (MWh) basis is higher. Looking to the future, a sizable quantity of renewable capacity beyond pre-RPS levels will be needed to meet state RPS mandates: about 25,000 MW by 2025 within the Western U.S. Geothermal energy is beginning to provide an increasingly significant contribution, as evidenced by the spate of new projects recently announced to meet state RPS requirements. Most of this activity has been driven by the RPS policies in California and Nevada, where the Geothermal Energy Association has identified 47 new geothermal projects, totaling more than 2,100 MW, in various stages of development. Additional geothermal projects in Arizona, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington are also under development to meet those states RPS requirements. The other major state policy driver for renewable electricity growth, particularly in the West, is integrated resource planning (IRP). IRP was first formalized as a practice in the 1980s, but the practice was suspended in some states as electricity restructuring efforts began. A renewed interest in IRP has emerged in the past several years, however, with several Western states (California, Montana, and New Mexico) reestablishing IRP and others developing new rules to strengthen their existing processes. In its barest form, IRP simply requires that utilities periodically submit long-term resource procurement plans in which they evaluate alternative strategies for meeting their resource needs over the following ten to twenty years. However, many states have developed specific requirements for the IRP process that directly or indirectly support renewable energy. The most general of these is an explicit requirement that utilities evaluate renewables, and that

  12. Renewable Fuels and Vehicles Overview

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProject Developsfor UCNIEnvironmentalAHRIRemote DuctRenewable EnergyRenewable

  13. Clean Energy, Dirty Air: A Policy Coordination Problem between Renewable-Based Electricity Programs and Cap-and-Trade Pollution Programs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    Clean Energy, Dirty Air: A Policy Coordination Problem between Renewable-Based Electricity Programs of programs--utility-based green electricity programs and state-based renewable portfolio standards--are leading to major expansions in generation of renewable- based electricity. These programs are intended

  14. Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling Analysis Partnership: An Analysis of How Different Energy Models Addressed a Common High Renewable Energy Penetration Scenario in 2025

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blair, N.

    2010-01-01

    COVERED (From - To) Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modelingphotovoltaics renewable energy renewable energy certificatecoordinated by the Renewable Energy and Efficiency Modeling

  15. Financing Opportunities for Renewable Energy Development in Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ardani, K.; Hillman, D.; Busche, S.

    2013-04-01

    This technical report provides an overview of existing and potential financing structures for renewable energy project development in Alaska with a focus on four primary sources of project funding: government financed or supported (the most commonly used structure in Alaska today), developer equity capital, commercial debt, and third-party tax-equity investment. While privately funded options currently have limited application in Alaska, their implementation is theoretically possible based on successful execution in similar circumstances elsewhere. This report concludes that while tax status is a key consideration in determining appropriate financing structure, there are opportunities for both taxable and tax-exempt entities to participate in renewable energy project development.

  16. The North American Market For Renewable Energy Certificates, 6. edition

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-10-15

    The report provides a study of the Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) market and takes a comprehensive look at what RECs are, how they work, the role they can play in spurring renewable energy development, the different models for implementing RECs, current offerings of REC suppliers, and customer purchases of RECs. Topics covered include: an overview of green power; definition of what RECs are and how they work; discussion of the history of RECs and their uses; explanation of the benefits of RECs and the challenges they face; discussion of how RECs interact with Renewable Portfolio Standards; discussion of the REC certification process; overview of the current market for RECs in the U.S.; profiles of major North American REC tracking systems; and, profiles of 40 key North American REC market participants.

  17. Liquid Fuel From Renewable Electricity and Bacteria: Electro-Autotrophic Synthesis of Higher Alcohols

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-07-01

    Electrofuels Project: UCLA is utilizing renewable electricity to power direct liquid fuel production in genetically engineered Ralstonia eutropha bacteria. UCLA is using renewable electricity to convert carbon dioxide into formic acid, a liquid soluble compound that delivers both carbon and energy to the bacteria. The bacteria are genetically engineered to convert the formic acid into liquid fuel—in this case alcohols such as butanol. The electricity required for the process can be generated from sunlight, wind, or other renewable energy sources. In fact, UCLA’s electricity-to-fuel system could be a more efficient way to utilize these renewable energy sources considering the energy density of liquid fuel is much higher than the energy density of other renewable energy storage options, such as batteries.

  18. Quick Guide: Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-07-01

    Guide for Federal agencies considering renewable energy certificate (REC) purchases to fulfill Federal renewable energy requirements.

  19. 2009 Renewable Energy Data Book, August 2010

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-08-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2009 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  20. 2010 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelman, R.

    2011-10-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2010 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  1. 2012 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelman, R.

    2013-10-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2012 provides facts and figures in a graphical format on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  2. 2013 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Esterly, S.

    2014-12-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2013 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar power, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investment.

  3. RENEWAL THEORY AND ITS APPLICATIONS PETER NEBRES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, J. Peter

    RENEWAL THEORY AND ITS APPLICATIONS PETER NEBRES Abstract. This article will delve into renewal theory. It will first look at what a random process is and then explain what renewal processes are. It will then describe, derive, and prove important theorems and formulas for renewal theory. Lastly, it will give

  4. 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book (Book)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gelman, R.

    2012-10-01

    This Renewable Energy Data Book for 2011 provides facts and figures on energy in general, renewable electricity in the United States, global renewable energy development, wind power, solar energy, geothermal power, biopower, hydropower, advanced water power, hydrogen, renewable fuels, and clean energy investments.

  5. Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Energy Potential for Brownfield Redevelopment Strategies Renewable energy resources are available throughout the United States.The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) performs analysis to identify high-potential sites for renewable energy technologies and can help determine those technologies

  6. 2009 Renewable Energy Data Book AUGUST 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009 Renewable Energy Data Book AUGUST 2010 Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12 Buchanan of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Mike © 2010 U.S. Department of Energy #12;Key Findings · Although renewable energy (excluding hydropower

  7. 2011 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011 Renewable Energy Data Book Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy #12;Acknowledgments of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). We greatly appreciate the input of Carla Frisch, Tien Nguyen doubled between 2000 and 2011, although renewable energy is a relatively small portion of total energy

  8. Lessons Learned in the U.S. West NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated POWERED BY CLEAN, RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES. These global trends are manifest in the U.S. West, where state and regional policies have changed the energy landscape and created a learning laboratory for renewable

  9. Renewable Energy Journal 2004, vol. 29, pp. 369-376. page 1 of 6 EVALUATION OF THE COST EFFICIENCY OF AN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gieseler, Udo D. J.

    Renewable Energy Journal 2004, vol. 29, pp. 369-376. page 1 of 6 EVALUATION OF THE COST EFFICIENCY, which is a pre-requisite for the usage of renewable energy sources like solar radiation. Moreover, to whom correspondence should be addressed. #12;Renewable Energy Journal 2004, vol. 29, pp. 369-376. page

  10. Abstract--During the past few years a world-wide trend to-wards renewable and ecologically clean forms of energy has

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wedde, Horst F.

    and balancing power capacities based on fossil, and thus predictable, energy sources. With growing renewable on grid operators to reduce integration costs for renewable energy capacities. This could obviously and reliable supply of energy throughout the next decades under these circumstances, renewable energies have

  11. NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. Maximizing the Potential of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Solar Market Insight 2011 - 2013 Year-in-Review Dependent on storage capacity #12;18 PV Research Renewable Power Capacity Source REN21 Renewables 2014 Status Report http://www.ren21.net/Portals/0/documents Investment 2013 #12;13 Top Countries with Installed Renewable Electricity by Technology--2012 Source: NREL

  12. Major Partner Test Sites

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousandReport)Price (Dollars per ThousandMajor New Mexico

  13. www.medicine.usask.ca/renewal College of Medicine Renewal Implementation Plan: Summary Version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peak, Derek

    www.medicine.usask.ca/renewal College of Medicine Renewal Implementation Plan: Summary Version This is a brief overview of the College of Medicine renewal process and The Way Forward (implementation plan). Complete details and the full plan are available at medicine.usask.ca/renewal Renewal Recap In 2012

  14. RENEWABLE ENERGY ACTION TEAM Milestones to Permit California Renewable Portfolio Standard Energy Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 RENEWABLE ENERGY ACTION TEAM Milestones to Permit California Renewable Portfolio Standard Energy renewable energy resources. In November 2008, the CEC, DFG, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM the Renewable Energy Action Team (REAT) to address permitting issues associated with specific renewable energy

  15. Renewable Hydrogen Potential from Biogas in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saur, G.; Milbrandt, A.

    2014-07-01

    This analysis updates and expands upon previous biogas studies to include total potential and net availability of methane in raw biogas with respect to competing demands and includes a resource assessment of four sources of biogas: (1) wastewater treatment plants, including domestic and a new assessment of industrial sources; (2) landfills; (3) animal manure; and (4) a new assessment of industrial, institutional, and commercial sources. The results of the biogas resource assessment are used to estimate the potential production of renewable hydrogen from biogas as well as the fuel cell electric vehicles that the produced hydrogen might support.

  16. Renewable energy has political support, room to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-11

    Renewable energy sources enjoy growing political support and have plenty of room to grow in the worldwide energy mix. And grow they will, according to most projections. The US Energy Information Administration`s (EIA`s) International Energy Outlook 1997 says consumption of hydroelectricity and other renewables will increase by 56% during 1995--2015. The renewable share of the total energy mix will remain at about current levels, however. The EIA projection includes only renewable fuels used in the generation of electricity. It therefore excludes most biomass energy. Despite the importance of biomass energy, data on consumption of it are sparse. IEA estimates that in the industrialized world, the biomass share of primary energy consumption amounts to 3.5%. Also excluded from EIA`s projection because of insufficiency of data are dispersed renewables, a category that includes energy consumed at the site of production, such as solar panels used for water heating. This paper discusses regional trends, North American activity, Western Europe, Asian developments, and the rest of the world.

  17. Renewable Energy Development in Indian Country: A Handbook for Tribes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    MacCourt, D. C.

    2010-06-01

    This handbook is designed to be an accessible reference for those who are new to tribal energy project development or seek a refresher on key development issues as they navigate the project development process. It builds upon the wealth of feedback and experiences shared by tribal and other participants in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's tribal energy training sessions to provide tribal leaders, tribal economic and energy enterprises, and those supporting them with a general overview of the renewable energy project development process as well as detailed guidance on the following: how to structure a renewable energy project transaction to protect tribal interests, with an emphasis on joint project development efforts undertaken with nontribal parties; key energy development agreements, including power sale agreements, transmission and interconnection agreements, and land leases; and ways tribes can finance renewable energy projects, including the sources of funding or financing that may be available, the types of investors that may be available, and federal tax incentives for renewable energy projects.

  18. Webcast of the Renewable Energy Competency Model: An Aid to Build a Renewable Energy Skilled Workforce

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Department of Energy held a webcast titled "Renewable Energy Competency Model: An Aid to Build a Renewable Energy Skilled Workforce" on Monday, October 22, 2012. The Renewable Energy Competency...

  19. Green energy: The implementation and utilization of renewable energy in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murry, N.L. [Coastal Contractors and Engineers, Inc., West Berlin, NJ (United States)

    1998-12-31

    Renewable energy has become a viable solution for the United States (US) increasing demand for energy. Often referred to as Green Energy, renewable energy uses the earth`s natural resources to create energy. The wind, sun, water, and the earth`s molten core each offer an attainable form of energy. Hydroelectricity uses running water, wind power uses high speed winds, solar panels collect solar energy as heat, and geothermal energy uses the earth`s molten core to heat water. The Department of Energy classifies Renewable Energy into the following sections: Geothermal Energy, Fuel from Biomass, and Solar Electric. Solar Electric is further subdivided into Solar Thermal Electric, Photovoltaics (Solar Cells), Wind/Windmills, Ocean Thermal Electric and Hydropower/Hydroelectric Dams. Currently, renewable energy provides only 12% of the US electricity supply. Approximately 10% of this is supplied by hydroelectric sources, 1% of this is supplied by hydroelectric sources, 1% is supplied by biomass, and less than 1% is supplied by geothermal, wind and solar combined. Nationally, the generating capacity of renewable energy has increased slightly during the 1990`s. Renewable energy generation contributes to approximately 94 thousand Megawatts of electricity compared to approximately 682 thousand Megawatts of electricity generated from nonrenewables in the year 1996. The continued implementation and utilization of renewable energy in the US are dependent upon several variables. These variables include: the support from Federal and State governments, utility purchase requirements if utility deregulation is passed, and consumer education on the environmental benefits of renewable energy.

  20. Renewable energy annual 1998, with data for 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-12-01

    This is the fourth annual report published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) which presents information on renewable energy consumption, capacity, and electricity generation data; US solar thermal and photovoltaic collector manufacturing activities; and US geothermal heat pump manufacturing activities. It updates and provides more detail on renewable energy information than what`s published in the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Annual Energy Review 1997. The renewable energy resources included in the report are: biomass (wood, wood waste, municipal solid waste, ethanol, and biodiesel); geothermal; wind; solar (solar thermal and photovoltaic); and hydropower. However, hydropower is also regarded as a conventional energy source because it has furnished a significant amount of electricity for more than a century. Therefore, the contribution of hydropower to total renewable energy consumption is discussed, although hydropower as an individual energy source is not addressed. Since EIA collects data only on terrestrial (land-based) systems, satellite and military applications are not included in this report. 13 figs., 44 tabs.