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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Product Pipeline Reports Tutorial  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Survey Forms> Petroleum Survey Forms Tutorial Product Pipeline Reports Tutorial Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player. Get Adobe Flash player...

2

Products pipeline rehabilitated while on stream  

SciTech Connect

Rehabilitation of a 186-mile petroleum products pipeline in southern Africa employed sleeve welding, reinstatement of external coatings, and upgrading of the cathodic-protection system. The pipeline had an unusual history in which the political environment of the region forced its shutdown for 17 years. This shutdown played a major role in its deterioration. The pipeline, which exhibited extensive internal and external corrosion, was a crucial supply route for imported refined products. So important was the line that during the entire repair project, the line could not be shutdown. This technical difficulty was compounded by various practical difficulties as well. The paper describes the shutdown, the coatings and cathodic protection history, pipeline inspection, repair program, sleeving on a live line, developing a procedure, wrapping systems, cathodic protection, practical problems, and hydrostatic testing.

Denney, A.K.; Coleman, S.L.; Pirani, R. (John Brown Engineers and Constructors Ltd., London (United Kingdom)); Webb, N. (Corrolec and Metallurgical Services, Rivonia (South Africa)); Turner, P. (Teknica (Overseas) Ltd., London (United Kingdom))

1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Major Natural Gas Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Natural Gas Transportation Corridors About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Major Natural Gas Transportation Corridors Corridors from the Southwest | From Canada | From Rocky Mountain Area | Details about Transportation Corridors The national natural gas delivery network is intricate and expansive, but most of the major transportation routes can be broadly categorized into 11 distinct corridors or flow patterns. 5 major routes extend from the producing areas of the Southwest 4 routes enter the United States from Canada 2 originate in the Rocky Mountain area. A summary of the major corridors and links to details about each corridor are provided below. Corridors from the Southwest Region

4

Analysis of oil-pipeline distribution of multiple products subject to delivery time-windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation defines the operational problems of, and develops solution methodologies for, a distribution of multiple products into oil pipeline subject to delivery time-windows constraints. A multiple-product oil pipeline is a pipeline system...

Jittamai, Phongchai

2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

5

Impacts of different diameter combinations on the temperature of a crude oil pipeline when colocating with a products pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to show the effects of different diameter combinations on crude oil temperature when a crude oil pipeline and a products pipeline are laid in one trench, four typical ... temperature difference of the cr...

Bo Yu; Yue Shi; Xin Liu; Jinjun Zhang…

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Pipeline between PAD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline between PAD Districts Pipeline between PAD Districts Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Renewable Diesel Fuel Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

7

From Production to Education: An Analysis of Pipeline Requirements and Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FROM PRODUCTION TO EDUCATION: AN ANALYSIS OF PIPELINE REQUIREMENTS AND PRACTICES A Thesis by BRANDON LEE JARRATT Submitted to the O#0;ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Frederic I. Parke Committee Members, Ann McNamara Tracy Hammond Department Head, Tim McLaughlin May 2013 Major Subject: Visualization Copyright 2013 Brandon Lee Jarratt ABSTRACT Animation, visual...

Jarratt, Brandon Lee

2013-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

8

Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products 1 Ruy Luiz Milidi'u  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products 1 Ruy Luiz Milidi'u milidiu@inf.puc­rio.br Artur, 2000 Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a new model for pipeline transportation of petroleum products. We use a directed graph with arcs representing pipes and nodes representing locations. Moreover

Endler, Markus

9

Online Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products with no Due Dates 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On­line Pipeline Transportation of Petroleum Products with no Due Dates 1 Ruy Luiz Milidi'u milidiu, 2001 Abstract: In this paper, we introduce a new model for pipeline transportation of petroleum products without due dates. We use a directed multigraph G where arcs represent pipes and nodes represent

Endler, Markus

10

Digital production pipelines: examining structures and methods in the computer effects industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer animated films require collaboration: blending artistic concept with technical skill, meeting budget constraints and adhering to deadlines. The path which production follows from initial idea to finished product is known as the pipeline...

Bettis, Dane Edward

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

11

Aspen Pipeline | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aspen Pipeline Jump to: navigation, search Name: Aspen Pipeline Place: Houston, Texas Zip: 77057 Product: US firm which acquires, builds and owns pipelines, gathering systems and...

12

diamond pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

the various steps through, which a diamond passes from production to marketing not including the end consumer. Also called diamond chain , pipeline ...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Exergoeconomic Evaluation of Desalinated Water Production in Pipeline Gas Station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pipelines transporting gas often are thousands of kilometers long, a number of compressor stations are needed, which consume a significant amount of energy. To improve the efficiency of the compressor stations, the high temperature exhaust gases from the gas turbines which drive the compressors are used for producing steam or other motive fluid in a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG). The steam or other vapor is then used to drive a turbine, which in turn drives other compressors or other applications. This paper is to discuss the techno-economic evaluation of different desalination process using the exhaust of 25 MW gas turbine in gas station. MED, MSF and RO desalination systems have been considered. Nadoshan pipeline gas stations with 25 MW gas turbine drivers in Iran were considered as a case study. In this regard, the simulation has been performed in Thermoflex Software. Moreover, the computer code has been developed for thermodynamic simulation and exergoeconomic analysis. Finally, different scenarios have been evaluated and comprised in view of economic, exergetic and exergoeconomic.

M.H. Khoshgoftar Manesh; S. Khamis Abadi; H. Ghalami; M. Amidpour

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

sea pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

sea pipeline, sealine, marine (pipe)line, undersea (pipe)line, submarine (pipe)line, subsea (pipe)line ? Untermeer(es)(rohr)leitung f

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Natural gas pipeline technology overview.  

SciTech Connect

The United States relies on natural gas for one-quarter of its energy needs. In 2001 alone, the nation consumed 21.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. A large portion of natural gas pipeline capacity within the United States is directed from major production areas in Texas and Louisiana, Wyoming, and other states to markets in the western, eastern, and midwestern regions of the country. In the past 10 years, increasing levels of gas from Canada have also been brought into these markets (EIA 2007). The United States has several major natural gas production basins and an extensive natural gas pipeline network, with almost 95% of U.S. natural gas imports coming from Canada. At present, the gas pipeline infrastructure is more developed between Canada and the United States than between Mexico and the United States. Gas flows from Canada to the United States through several major pipelines feeding U.S. markets in the Midwest, Northeast, Pacific Northwest, and California. Some key examples are the Alliance Pipeline, the Northern Border Pipeline, the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, the TransCanada Pipeline System, and Westcoast Energy pipelines. Major connections join Texas and northeastern Mexico, with additional connections to Arizona and between California and Baja California, Mexico (INGAA 2007). Of the natural gas consumed in the United States, 85% is produced domestically. Figure 1.1-1 shows the complex North American natural gas network. The pipeline transmission system--the 'interstate highway' for natural gas--consists of 180,000 miles of high-strength steel pipe varying in diameter, normally between 30 and 36 inches in diameter. The primary function of the transmission pipeline company is to move huge amounts of natural gas thousands of miles from producing regions to local natural gas utility delivery points. These delivery points, called 'city gate stations', are usually owned by distribution companies, although some are owned by transmission companies. Compressor stations at required distances boost the pressure that is lost through friction as the gas moves through the steel pipes (EPA 2000). The natural gas system is generally described in terms of production, processing and purification, transmission and storage, and distribution (NaturalGas.org 2004b). Figure 1.1-2 shows a schematic of the system through transmission. This report focuses on the transmission pipeline, compressor stations, and city gates.

Folga, S. M.; Decision and Information Sciences

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Managing the integration of technology into the product development pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Managing the integration of technology is a complex task in any industry, but especially so in the highly competitive automotive industry. Automakers seek to develop plans to integrate technology into their products such ...

Barretto, Eduardo F., 1971-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Preparation of a Data Management Plan, Development of the Data Pipeline, and Efficient Archiving  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preparation of a Data Management Plan, Development of the Data Pipeline, and Efficient Archiving quality data archive is produced, design archive production into the instrument data pipeline, use PDS major archive design milestones, early generation of sample data, peer review of the pipeline

Waliser, Duane E.

18

Mapco's NGL Rocky Mountain pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The Rocky Mountain natural gas liquids (NGL) pipeline was born as a result of major producible gas finds in the Rocky Mountain area after gas deregulation. Gas discoveries in the overthurst area indicated considerable volumes of NGL would be available for transportation out of the area within the next 5 to 7 years. Mapco studied the need for a pipeline to the overthrust, but the volumes were not substantial at the time because there was little market and, consequently, little production for ethane. Since that time crude-based products for ethylene manufacture have become less competitive as a feed product on the world plastics market, and ethane demand has increased substantially. This change in the market has caused a major modification in the plans of the NGL producers and, consequently, the ethane content of the NGL stream for the overthrust area is expected to be 30% by volume at startup and is anticipated to be at 45% by 1985. These ethane volumes enhance the feasibility of the pipeline. The 1196-mile Rocky Mountain pipeline will be installed from the existing facility in W. Texas, near Seminole, to Rock Springs, Wyoming. A gathering system will connect the trunk line station to various plant locations. The pipeline development program calls for a capacity of 65,000 bpd by the end of 1981.

Isaacs, S.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview and Links Overview and Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline Companies Through a series of interconnecting interstate and intrastate pipelines the transportation of natural gas from one location to another within the United States has become a relatively seamless operation. While intrastate pipeline systems often transports natural gas from production areas directly to consumers in local markets, it is the interstate pipeline system's long-distance, high-capacity trunklines that supply most of the major natural gas markets in the United States. Of the six geographic regions defined in this analysis, the Southwest Region contains the largest number of individual natural gas pipeline systems (more than 90) and the highest level of pipeline mileage (over 106,000).

20

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Southwest Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Southwest Region Southwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southwest Region Overview | Export Transportation | Intrastate | Connection to Gulf of Mexico | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Most of the major onshore interstate natural gas pipeline companies (see Table below) operating in the Southwest Region (Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas) are primarily exporters of the region's natural gas production to other parts of the country and Mexico, while an extensive Gulf of Mexico and intrastate natural gas pipeline network is the main conduit for deliveries within the region. More than 56,000 miles of natural gas pipeline on more than 66 intrastate natural gas pipeline systems (including offshore-to-onshore and offshore Gulf of Mexico pipelines) deliver natural gas to the region's local natural gas distribution companies and municipalities and to the many large industrial and electric power facilities located in the region.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

6 - Pipeline Drying  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter reviews pipeline dewatering, cleaning, and drying. Dewatering can be a simple process or, if the procedure is not properly planned, a difficult one. Pipelines used to transport crude oil and/or refined products will probably only require removal of the test water before the line is placed in service. If the pipeline will be used to transport materials that must meet a specified dryness requirement, the pipeline will need to be dewatered, cleaned, and dried. Pipelines used to transport natural gas will need some drying, depending on the operating pressure and the location of the line, to prevent the formation of hydrates. Other pipelines may require drying to protect the pipe from internal corrosion caused by the formation of corrosive acids, such as carbonic acid in the case of carbon dioxide pipelines.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A pipeline scheduling model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A PIPELINE SCHEDULING MODEL A Thesis by THOMAS MELVIN BEATTY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER QF SCIENCE August 1975 Major Subject: Computing... Science R PIPELINE SCHEDULING MODEL A Thesis by THOMAS MELVIN BEATTY Approved as to style and content by: Chairman of ommittee Member (Head o f Department ) Member August 1975 ABSTRACT A PIPELINE SCHEDULING MODEL (August 1975) Thomas Melvin...

Beatty, Thomas Melvin

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

water pipeline gallery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

water pipeline gallery, water pipeline drift; water pipeline tunnel (US) ? Wasserleitungsrohrstollen m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OAK OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines Barton Smith, Barbara Frame, Cliff Eberle, Larry Anovitz, James Blencoe and Tim Armstrong Oak Ridge National Laboratory Jimmy Mays University of Tennessee, Knoxville Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting August 30-31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia 2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Overview Overview - - Barriers and Technical Targets Barriers and Technical Targets * Barriers to Hydrogen Delivery - Existing steel pipelines are subject to hydrogen embrittlement and are inadequate for widespread H 2 distribution. - Current joining technology (welding) for steel pipelines is major cost factor and can exacerbate hydrogen embrittlement issues.

25

Effective hardware for connection and repair of polyethylene pipelines using ultrasonic modification and heat shrinkage. Part 4. Characteristics of practical implementation of production bases developed using epoxy-glue compositions and banding*  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The characteristics and sequence of practical implementation of production bases developed for the connection and repair of polyethylene pipelines using epoxy-glue compositions and banding are...

A. E. Kolosov; O. S. Sakharov; V. I. Sivetskii…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

CRISPRED: A data pipeline for the CRISP imaging spectropolarimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production of science-ready data from major solar telescopes requires expertise beyond that of the typical observer. This is a consequence of the increasing complexity of instruments and observing sequences, which require calibrations and corrections for instrumental and seeing effects that are not only difficult to measure, but are also coupled in ways that require careful analysis in the design of the correction procedures. Modern space-based telescopes have data-processing pipelines capable of routinely producing well-characterized data products. High-resolution imaging spectropolarimeters at ground-based telescopes need similar data pipelines. The purpose of this paper is to document a procedure that forms the basis of current state of the art processing of data from the CRISP imaging spectropolarimeter at the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST). By collecting, implementing, and testing a suite of computer programs, we have defined a data reduction pipeline for this instrument. This pipeline, CRISPRED, ...

Rodríguez, J de la Cruz; Sütterlin, P; Hillberg, T; van der Voort, L Rouppe

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This information product provides the interested reader with a broad and non-technical overview of how the U.S. natural gas pipeline network operates, along with some insights into the many individual pipeline systems that make up the network. While the focus of the presentation is the transportation of natural gas over the interstate and intrastate pipeline systems, information on subjects related to pipeline development, such as system design and pipeline expansion, are also included.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pipeline safety in the United States has increased in recent decades, but incidents involving natural gas pipelines still cause an average of 17 fatalities and $133 M in property damage annually. ... Along with reducing greenhouse gas emissions, repairing production and pipeline leaks would improve consumer health and safety and save money. ... (37) Several barriers to pipeline repair and replacement exist, however, as cost recovery for pipeline repairs by distribution companies is often capped by Public Utility Commissions (PUCs). ...

Robert B. Jackson; Adrian Down; Nathan G. Phillips; Robert C. Ackley; Charles W. Cook; Desiree L. Plata; Kaiguang Zhao

2014-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

29

Chapter 9 - Pipeline Insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oilfield pipelines are insulated mainly to conserve heat. The need to keep the product in the pipeline at a temperature higher than the ambient could exist for the following reasons: preventing the formation of gas hydrates, preventing the formation of wax or asphaltenes, enhancing the product flow properties, increasing the cooldown time after shutting down, and meeting other operational/process equipment requirements. On the other hand, in liquefied gas pipelines, such as LNG, insulation is required to maintain the cold temperature of the gas to keep it in a liquid state. This chapter describes the commonly used insulation materials, insulation finish on pipes, and general requirements for insulation of offshore and deepwater pipelines.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Presentations on August 31, 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Experience (PDF 473 KB), Leroy Remp, Air Products Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines (PDF 1 MB), Jim Campbell, Air...

31

Total Crude by Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude by All Transport Methods Domestic Crude by All Transport Methods Foreign Crude by All Transport Methods Total Crude by Pipeline Domestic Crude by Pipeline Foreign Crude by Pipeline Total Crude by Tanker Domestic Crude by Tanker Foreign Crude by Tanker Total Crude by Barge Domestic Crude by Barge Foreign Crude by Barge Total Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Domestic Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Foreign Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Total Crude by Trucks Domestic Crude by Trucks Foreign Crude by Trucks Period: Product: Total Crude by All Transport Methods Domestic Crude by All Transport Methods Foreign Crude by All Transport Methods Total Crude by Pipeline Domestic Crude by Pipeline Foreign Crude by Pipeline Total Crude by Tanker Domestic Crude by Tanker Foreign Crude by Tanker Total Crude by Barge Domestic Crude by Barge Foreign Crude by Barge Total Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Domestic Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Foreign Crude by Tank Cars (Rail) Total Crude by Trucks Domestic Crude by Trucks Foreign Crude by Trucks Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View

32

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pipeline Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia Hydrogen Pipeline Experience Presented By: LeRoy H. Remp Lead Project Manager Pipeline Projects ppt00 3 Hydrogen Pipeline - Scope of Presentation Only those systems that are regulated by DOT in the US, DOT delegated state agency, or other federal regulatory authority. Cross property of third party and/or public properties for delivery to customers. Does not include in-plant or in-house hydrogen piping. Does not include piping (aboveground or underground) that delivers to a customer if all property is owned and controlled by Air Products and the customer. ppt00 4 Pipeline Photos ppt00 5 Pipeline Photos ppt00 6 Pipeline Photos ppt00 7 Pipeline Photos ppt00 8 Pipeline Photos ppt00 9 Overview of North American

33

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline Development &  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelinesk > Development & Expansion Pipelinesk > Development & Expansion About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipeline Development and Expansion Timing | Determining Market Interest | Expansion Options | Obtaining Approval | Prefiling Process | Approval | Construction | Commissioning Timing and Steps for a New Project An interstate natural gas pipeline construction or expansion project takes an average of about three years from the time it is first announced until the new pipe is placed in service. The project can take longer if it encounters major environmental obstacles or public opposition. A pipeline development or expansion project involves several steps: Determining demand/market interest

34

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines. B31...

35

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Pipping of GH2 Pipeline....

36

Pipelines (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipelines (Minnesota) Pipelines (Minnesota) Pipelines (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This section regulates pipelines that are used to carry natural or synthetic gas at a pressure of more than 90 pounds per square inch, along with pipelines used to carry petroleum products and coal. Special rules apply to pipelines used to carry natural gas at a pressure of more than 125

37

PIPELINE INVENTORIES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Inventory that are in the transportation network, the distribution system, and intermediate stocking points are called . The higher the time for the materials to move through the pipeline the larger the pipel...

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Pipeline Setback Ordinance (Minnesota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute establishes the Office of Pipeline Safety to regulate pipelines in Minnesota. Among other duties, the office is responsible for implementing a Model Pipeline Setback Ordinance.

39

1982 worldwide pipeline construction will top 21,900 miles, $9. 5 billion  

SciTech Connect

Reports that pipeline construction slowed slightly in 1982 because of lowered economic activity worldwide, with an upturn forecast for 1983. Explains that need for new pipelines to transport increasing amounts of oil and gas energy now being discovered, plus use of pipelines to transport other commodities in increasing amounts, has created a backlog of demand for facilities. Indicates that commodities suited for pipeline transport and getting consideration include crude oil; refined products; natural gas liquids; LPG; coal slurries; carbon dioxide (used for enhanced oil recovery); chemicals such as ammonia, ethane, ethylene, and similar petrochemical feedstocks; industrial gases such as oxygen, nitrogen; and solids slurries such as ores, wood chips, and other non-soluble minerals, even items such as wood chips and wood pulp for paper-making. Reveals that there are 10,396 miles of coal slurry pipeline planned for the US and 500 miles in Canada. Major US projects underway in the gas pipeline field include the 797-mile, 36-in. Trailblazer system in Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, and Utah. Products/ LPG/NGL pipelines underway include 105 miles of dual 4 and 6-in. line in Kansas. Crude pipeline activity includes 100 miles of 12-in. in California and 80 miles of 4 thru 40-in. in Alaska on the North Slope. Updates plans in Canada, Scotland, Denmark, Ireland, France, the Middle East, Australia, Southeast Asia, Mexico, South America and the USSR.

Hall, D.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Scour below submerged skewed pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Summary Local scour below pipelines commonly occurs due to the erosive action of currents and waves. Scour is a major cause for the failure of underwater pipelines which is very important in water resources management. In this study, experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of four different pipeline orientations (30°, 45°, 60° and 90°) across a channel. The data sets of the laboratory measurements were also collected from published works. The temporal variation of local pipelines scour depth was studied to estimate the scour depth. The scour depth below the pipeline was determined using a regression model with five dimensionless parameters. A regression model with a coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.55) and a low root mean square error (RMSE = 0.47) produced fairly good predictions of the relative scour depth. The proposed equation gave satisfactory results when compared with the existing predictors.

H.Md. Azamathulla; M.A.M. Yusoff; Z.A. Hasan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Pipeline ADC Design Methodology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scaling vs. R. Figure 4.8 Pipeline ADC Structures. Figure2.4 A Pipelined ADC. Figure 3.1 Pipeline ADC Transfer Curve.Modes (b) data latency in pipeline ADC Figure 3.3 Detailed

Zhao, Hui

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

cautious pipeline trench blasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

cautious pipeline trench blasting, pipeline trench blasting (with)in built-up areas...n in bebauten Gebieten

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude Oil and Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

44

Sketch-Based Animation Tool for Character Animation Intergrating into a Production Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

...................................................................................... 15 III.E. Integrated into a production environment ............................................ 18 CHAPTER IV FUTURE WORK ........................................................................... 22 IV.A. Pressure sensitivity.... 22 CHAPTER IV FUTURE WORK This thesis describes several possibilities in the area of computer animation field in expanding and extending natural functionalities. IV.A. Pressure sensitivity The current sketch-based animation tool has...

Low, Ser En

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Tanker, Pipeline, and Barge  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Components (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

46

Hazardous Liquid Pipelines and Storage Facilities (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute regulates the permitting, construction, monitoring, and operation of pipelines transporting hazardous liquids, including petroleum products and coal slurries. The definition used in...

47

GLAST (FERMI) Data-Processing Pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The Data Processing Pipeline ('Pipeline') has been developed for the Gamma-Ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST) which launched June 11, 2008. It generically processes graphs of dependent tasks, maintaining a full record of its state, history and data products. The Pipeline is used to automatically process the data down-linked from the satellite and to deliver science products to the GLAST collaboration and the Science Support Center and has been in continuous use since launch with great success. The pipeline handles up to 2000 concurrent jobs and in reconstructing science data produces approximately 750GB of data products using 1/2 CPU-year of processing time per day.

Flath, Daniel L.; Johnson, Tony S.; Turri, Massimiliano; Heidenreich, Karen A.; /SLAC

2011-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

48

34 - Pipeline Commissioning, Operations, and Maintenance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The commissioning of a pipeline involves the activities after installation required to place the system into services, which activities include hydrostatic testing, cleaning and drying, and the introduction of the product to be transported into the pipeline. Pipeline operations are generally carried out by the pipeline operating company. Detailed operation and maintenance procedures specific to the pipeline should be available for use before the pipeline is commissioned and handed over to operation. Manuals for operation and maintenance should be prepared, setting out the schedules, procedures, and instructions on which activities are to be carried out, including liaison with third parties. In this chapter, the procedures of commissioning, operation, and maintenance of subsea pipeline are detailed.

Qiang Bai; Yong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

A Dredging Knowledge-Base Expert System for Pipeline Dredges with Comparison to Field Data.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A Pipeline Analytical Program and Dredging Knowledge{Base Expert{System (DKBES) determines a pipeline dredge's production and resulting cost and schedule. Pipeline dredge engineering presents a complex… (more)

Wilson, Derek Alan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

4271 pipeline [n  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

envir. (Long-distance pipe for conveying natural gas, oil, potable water, etc.; specific terms gas pipeline, oil pipeline); s «pipeline» [m] (Conducto destinado al transporte de petróleo o gas a larg...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Gas Pipeline Safety (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This section establishes the Pipeline Safety Division within the Utility Regulatory Commission to administer federal pipeline safety standards and establish minimum state safety standards for...

52

Pipeline Safety (South Dakota)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The South Dakota Pipeline Safety Program, administered by the Public Utilities Commission, is responsible for regulating hazardous gas intrastate pipelines. Relevant legislation and regulations...

53

Pipeline Operations Program (Louisiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Pipeline Operations Program regulates the construction, acquisition, abandonment and interconnection of natural gas pipelines, as well as, the transportation and use of natural gas supplies.

54

Pipeline Safety (Maryland)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Public Service Commission has the authority enact regulations pertaining to pipeline safety. These regulations address pipeline monitoring, inspections, enforcement, and penalties.

55

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group of research and industry experts focuses on issues related to the cost, safety, and reliability of hydrogen pipelines. Participants represent organizations...

56

EnSys Energy Report on Keystone XL Pipeline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnSys Energy Report on Keystone XL Pipeline EnSys Energy Report on Keystone XL Pipeline EnSys Energy Report on Keystone XL Pipeline December 23, 2010 - 2:20pm Addthis As part of ongoing analysis, the Department of Energy's Office of Policy and International Affairs commissioned a report on the proposed Keystone XL pipeline project. The report will be taken into consideration in an Environmental Impact Statement being prepared by the Department of State. The full report is available for download here. The report's appendix is available here. Addthis Related Articles Secretary Chu's Remarks at the City Club of Cleveland -- As Prepared for Delivery Energy Department Report Finds Major Potential to Increase Clean Hydroelectric Power Agriculture and Energy Departments Announce New Investments to Drive Innovations in Biofuels and Biobased Products

57

Pipeline refurbishing  

SciTech Connect

A novel process for simultaneously removing deteriorated coatings (such as coal tar and asphalt enamel or tape) and providing surface preparation suitable for recoating has been developed for pipelines up to 36 in. (914 mm) in diameter. This patented device provides a near-white metal surface finish. Line travel or bell-hole operations are possible at rates up to 10 times conventional blasting techniques. This article describes development of a tool and machine that will remove pipeline coatings, including coal tar enamel and adhesive-backed plaster tape systems. After coating removal, the pipe surface is suitable for recoating and can be cleaned to a near-white metal finsh (Sa 2 1/2 or NACE No. 2) if desired. This cleaning system is especially useful where the new coating is incompatible with the coating to be removed, the new coating requires a near-white or better surface preparation, or no existing method has been found to remove the failed coating. This cleaning system can remove all generic coating systems including coal tar enamel, asphalt, adhesive-backed tape, fusion-bonded epoxy, polyester, and extruded polyethylene.

McConkey, S.E.

1989-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Underwater Pipeline Repair in Difficult Seabed Conditions: Problems and Solutions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper examines the application of innovative technology to significantly reduce the time for a major repair to a 36 inch diameter buried submarine pipeline.

B. A. Jones; N. Wright

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

INT WFS Pipeline Processing Mike Irwin & Jim Lewis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INT WFS Pipeline Processing Mike Irwin & Jim Lewis Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road pipeline processing developed specifically for the Wide Field Sur­ vey (WFS). The importance of accurate and complete FITS header information is stresed. Data processing products output from the complete pipeline

Irwin, Mike

60

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Combined Natural Gas Transportation  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Combined Natural Gas Transportation Maps Combined Natural Gas Transportation Maps About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network Map of U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network Major Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors Map of Major Natural Gas Supply Basins Relative to Natural Gas Pipeline Transportation Corridors see related text enlarge see related text enlarge U.S. Regional Breakdown Map of U.S. Regional Breakout States (in Grey) Highly Dependent on Interstate Pipelines for Natural Gas Supplies Map of States (in Grey) Highly Dependent on Interstate Pipelines for Natural Gas Supplies

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pipeline Construction Guidelines (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Division of Pipeline Safety of the Indiana Utility Regulatory Commission regulates the construction of any segment of an interstate pipeline on privately owned land in Indiana. The division has...

62

Pipeline Safety Rule (Tennessee)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Pipeline Safety Rule simply states, "The Minimum Federal Safety Standards for the transportation of natural and other gas by pipeline (Title 49, Chapter 1, Part 192) as published in the Federal...

63

Keystone XL pipeline update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Questions have been raised recently about the Keystone XL pipeline project, so we wanted to make some points clear.

64

Pipeline operation and safety  

SciTech Connect

Safety is central to the prosperity of the pipeline industry and the need to maintain high standards of the safety at all times is of paramount importance. Therefore, a primary concern of pipeline operator is adequate supervision and the control of the operation of pipelines. Clearly defined codes of practice, standards and maintenance schedules are necessary if protection is to be afforded to the pipeline system employees, the public at large, and the environment.

Tadors, M.K. [Petroleum Pipelines Co., Cairo (Egypt)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

65

RETROSPECTIVE: Software Pipelining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- cialized hardware designed to support software pipelining. In the meantime, trace scheduling was touted compiler with software pipelining for the polycyclic architecture, which had a novel crossbar whose crossRETROSPECTIVE: Software Pipelining: An Effective Scheduling Technique for VLIW Machines Monica S

Pratt, Vaughan

66

Pipeline and vehicle transportation problems in the petroleum industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

???In the petroleum industry, petroleum product logistics can be divided into two phases: first logistics, which is mainly provided through pipeline transportation or railway, refers… (more)

Zhen, Feng ( ??)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Paraffin Wax in Pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Paraffin wax deposition, or the settling of solid wax particles on pipelines and equipment, is an extensive problem encountered in oil production and transportation.… (more)

Stubsjøen, Marte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thad M. Adams Thad M. Adams Materials Technology Section Savannah River National Laboratory DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting January 5-6, 2005 Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Service Hydrogen Technology at the Savannah Hydrogen Technology at the Savannah River Site River Site * Tritium Production/Storage/Handling and Hydrogen Storage/Handling since 1955 - Designed, built and currently operate world's largest metal hydride based processing facility (RTF) - DOE lead site for tritium extraction/handling/separation/storage operations * Applied R&D provided by Savannah River National Laboratory - Largest hydrogen R&D staff in country * Recent Focus on Related National Energy Needs - Current major effort on hydrogen energy technology

69

Leak detection on an ethylene pipeline  

SciTech Connect

A model-based leak detection system has been in operation on the Solvay et Cie ethylene pipeline from Antwerp to Jemeppe on Sambre since 1989. The leak detection system, which is the commercial product PLDS of Modisette Associations, Inc., was originally installed by the supplier. Since 1991, all system maintenance and configuration changes have been done by Solvay et Cie personnel. Many leak tests have been performed, and adjustments have been made in the configuration and the automatic tuning parameters. The leak detection system is currently able to detect leaks of 2 tonnes/hour in 11 minutes with accurate location. Larger leaks are detected in about 2 minutes. Leaks between 0.5 and 1 tonne per hour are detected after several hours. (The nominal mass flow in the pipeline is 15 tonnes/hour, with large fluctuations.) Leaks smaller than 0.5 tonnes per hour are not detected, with the alarm thresholds set at levels to avoid false alarms. The major inaccuracies of the leak detection system appear to be associated with the ethylene temperatures.

Hamande, A.; Condacse, V.; Modisette, J.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

Pipeline Carriers (Montana) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carriers (Montana) Carriers (Montana) Pipeline Carriers (Montana) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Institutional Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Program Info State Montana Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider State of Montana Public Service Commission Pipeline carriers transporting crude petroleum, coal, the products of crude petroleum or coal, or carbon dioxide produced in the combustion or gasification of fossil fuels are required to abide by these regulations. The regulations address construction permits and the use of eminent domain by pipeline carriers, records and reporting, connection and interchange facilities, and the prohibition of discrimination in rates and service

71

Overview of interstate hydrogen pipeline systems.  

SciTech Connect

The use of hydrogen in the energy sector of the United States is projected to increase significantly in the future. Current uses are predominantly in the petroleum refining sector, with hydrogen also being used in the manufacture of chemicals and other specialized products. Growth in hydrogen consumption is likely to appear in the refining sector, where greater quantities of hydrogen will be required as the quality of the raw crude decreases, and in the mining and processing of tar sands and other energy resources that are not currently used at a significant level. Furthermore, the use of hydrogen as a transportation fuel has been proposed both by automobile manufacturers and the federal government. Assuming that the use of hydrogen will significantly increase in the future, there would be a corresponding need to transport this material. A variety of production technologies are available for making hydrogen, and there are equally varied raw materials. Potential raw materials include natural gas, coal, nuclear fuel, and renewables such as solar, wind, or wave energy. As these raw materials are not uniformly distributed throughout the United States, it would be necessary to transport either the raw materials or the hydrogen long distances to the appropriate markets. While hydrogen may be transported in a number of possible forms, pipelines currently appear to be the most economical means of moving it in large quantities over great distances. One means of controlling hydrogen pipeline costs is to use common rights-of-way (ROWs) whenever feasible. For that reason, information on hydrogen pipelines is the focus of this document. Many of the features of hydrogen pipelines are similar to those of natural gas pipelines. Furthermore, as hydrogen pipeline networks expand, many of the same construction and operating features of natural gas networks would be replicated. As a result, the description of hydrogen pipelines will be very similar to that of natural gas pipelines. The following discussion will focus on the similarities and differences between the two pipeline networks. Hydrogen production is currently concentrated in refining centers along the Gulf Coast and in the Farm Belt. These locations have ready access to natural gas, which is used in the steam methane reduction process to make bulk hydrogen in this country. Production centers could possibly change to lie along coastlines, rivers, lakes, or rail lines, should nuclear power or coal become a significant energy source for hydrogen production processes. Should electrolysis become a dominant process for hydrogen production, water availability would be an additional factor in the location of production facilities. Once produced, hydrogen must be transported to markets. A key obstacle to making hydrogen fuel widely available is the scale of expansion needed to serve additional markets. Developing a hydrogen transmission and distribution infrastructure would be one of the challenges to be faced if the United States is to move toward a hydrogen economy. Initial uses of hydrogen are likely to involve a variety of transmission and distribution methods. Smaller users would probably use truck transport, with the hydrogen being in either the liquid or gaseous form. Larger users, however, would likely consider using pipelines. This option would require specially constructed pipelines and the associated infrastructure. Pipeline transmission of hydrogen dates back to late 1930s. These pipelines have generally operated at less than 1,000 pounds per square inch (psi), with a good safety record. Estimates of the existing hydrogen transmission system in the United States range from about 450 to 800 miles. Estimates for Europe range from about 700 to 1,100 miles (Mohipour et al. 2004; Amos 1998). These seemingly large ranges result from using differing criteria in determining pipeline distances. For example, some analysts consider only pipelines above a certain diameter as transmission lines. Others count only those pipelines that transport hydrogen from a producer to a customer (e.g., t

Gillette, J .L.; Kolpa, R. L

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sleeve installations speed pipeline defect repair  

SciTech Connect

Repairing defects in pipelines can be a major challenge for pipeline companies or contractors. To reduce cost and eliminate unscheduled shut downs, pipeline operating companies have adopted ``in-service`` repair methods to restore overall integrity of the pipeline without taking it out of service. Interprovincial Pipe Line Co. has undertaken an aggressive approach to this ``in-service`` repair method by using a developed sleeving system for repairing leaking and non-leaking defects. A structural reinforcement sleeve consists of two non-fillet welded collars (one on each side of the defect) and a full encirclement sleeve welded on top of these collars. The annular space between the pipe and sleeve is filled with a hardenable, non-shrinking epoxy. Three different pressure vessel sleeves can be used for repairing certain defects. They can be used in combination with the pre-stressed sleeve or for independent repairs. This paper reviews the performance and installation of these sleeves.

Friedrich, J.; Smith, J.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Pipeline transportation of high pour point New Zealand crude using pour point depressants  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Corporation of New Zealand Limited discovered New Zealand's first major oil field in 1980. Production is currently 1590 m/sup 3//d (10,000 bpd), which represents about 14% of the country's requirements. The crude has a high pour point (32/sup 0/C) and a high wax level (35%). A major factor in development of the field was the selection of appropriate technology to overcome transportation problems via a 40 km pipeline from the process plant to port storage with ground temperatures of 11/sup 0/C (52/sup 0/F). Technical and economic considerations resulted in the selection of a chemical pour point depressant rather than thermal cracking, dilution with condensate, or maintaining the crude oil temperature above its pour point. Selection of a suitable pour point depressant was made using laboratory studies done by various prospective suppliers. Product performance was based on pour point and yield value for the crude using a simple simulation of pipeline cooling. The paper discusses how the adoption of pour point depressant technology, in conjunction with pipeline design, has resulted in an essentially trouble-free system which enables the crude to be successfully transported by pipeline.

Slater, G.; Davis, A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Motion Capture Pipeline.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Motion Capture is an essential part of a world full of digital effects in movies and games. Understanding the pipelines between software is a… (more)

Holmboe, Dennis

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Interstate Pipelines Segment  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Interstate Natural Gas...

76

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Pipelines Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural...

77

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines. B31 Hydrogen Section Committee to develop a new code for H2 piping and pipelines.

78

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Pipeline Compressor...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Compressor Stations Illustration About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline...

79

Planning of Pipeline Oil Transportation with Interface Restrictions is a Difficult Problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planning of Pipeline Oil Transportation with Interface Restrictions is a Difficult Problem Ruy Luiz pipeline is the interface between adjacent products. Due to the resulting quality loss, some products are not allowed to be adjacent inside the pipeline. The S-PPI decision problem asks about the existence

Endler, Markus

80

INNOVATIVE ELECTROMAGNETIC SENSORS FOR PIPELINE CRAWLERS  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. However, not all pipelines can be inspected with current systems that move inside the pipeline propelled by the product flow. Inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline are being developed to maneuver past the physical barriers that limit inspection. Battelle is building innovative electromagnetic sensors for pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types will assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, cracking and seam weld defects. An implementation of two electromagnetic sensors were designed and tested. A pulsed eddy current system that uses sensors to measure the decay of induced eddy currents to establish the wall thickness has excellent potential. The results of experiments are comparable with magnetic flux leakage detecting 10% metal loss steps following a monotonic increase in signal strength. A rotating permanent remote field eddy current exciter was designed and built to produce strong signal levels at the receiver and reduce power consumption. Midway through the development of each technology, both sensor systems have produced results that warrant further development.

J. Bruce Nestleroth

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Intrastate Natural Gas Pipeline Segment Overview Intrastate natural gas pipelines operate within State borders and link natural gas producers to local markets and to the interstate pipeline network. Approximately 29 percent of the total miles of natural gas pipeline in the U.S. are intrastate pipelines. Although an intrastate pipeline system is defined as one that operates totally within a State, an intrastate pipeline company may have operations in more than one State. As long as these operations are separate, that is, they do not physically interconnect, they are considered intrastate, and are not jurisdictional to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). More than 90 intrastate natural gas pipelines operate in the lower-48 States.

82

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Issues on Hydrogen Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Doe Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Meeting August 31, 2005 Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Air Liquide Pipeline Inventory Breakdown by gases 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 KM N2 2956 km O2 3447 km H2 1736 km CO/Syngas 61 km TOTAL 8200 km Pipeline Inventory 2004 Asie Pacific America Europe Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 3 Copyright: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 4 Copyright: 3. Special structures River Crossings (culvert): 6 (Rhein, Ruhr, Rhein-Herne-Kanal) River crossing (on bridge): 1 (Rhein-Herne-Kanal) Motorway Crossings: 26 Overground Pipelines: approx 21 km Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 5 Copyright: 5. Mining areas Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 6 Copyright: France & Netherlands

83

Natural Gas Pipeline Safety (Kansas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This article states minimum safety standards for the transportation of natural gas by pipeline and reporting requirements for operators of pipelines.

84

Rapid communication Mapping urban pipeline leaks: Methane leaks across Boston  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rapid communication Mapping urban pipeline leaks: Methane leaks across Boston Nathan G. Phillips a of methane (CH4) in the United States. To assess pipeline emissions across a major city, we mapped CH4 leaks signatures w20& lighter (m ¼ �57.8&, �1.6& s.e., n ¼ 8). Repairing leaky natural gas distribution systems

Jackson, Robert B.

85

FEATURE ARTICLE Pipeline Corrosion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F FEATURE ARTICLE Pipeline Corrosion Issues Related to Carbon Capture, Transportation, and Storage Capture, Transportation, and Storage--Aspects of Corrosion and Materials. "Until these new technologies are developed and applied, corrosion engineers are focusing on how to best design pipelines for CO2 transport

Botte, Gerardine G.

86

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines BP and Hydrogen Pipelines DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Gary P. Yoho, P.E. i l i * Green corporate philosophy and senior management commitment * Reduced greenhouse gas emissions nine years ahead of target * Alternatives to oil are a big part of BP' including natural gas, LNG, solar and hydrogen * Hydrogen Bus Project won Australia' prestigious environmental award * UK partnership opened the first hydrogen demonstration refueling station * Two hydrogen pipelines in Houston area BP Env ronmenta Comm tment s portfolio, s most BP' * li l " li i i * i l pl i i * Li l li l * " i i l i 2 i i ll i i l pl ifi i * 8" ly idl i i l s Hydrogen Pipelines Two nes, on y a brand new 12 ne s act ve Connect Houston area chem ca ant w th a ref nery nes come off a p

87

Numerical solutions for determining wave-induced pressure distributions around buried pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is an expensive operation, pipeline failures often result in very costly repairs and production losses. There now exists an urgent need to develop a rational design procedure to predict the required stability conditions for burying pipelines, Several... is an expensive operation, pipeline failures often result in very costly repairs and production losses. There now exists an urgent need to develop a rational design procedure to predict the required stability conditions for burying pipelines, Several...

Lai, Ngok-Wai

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

88

Mathematical formulation and numerical modeling of wax deposition in pipelines from enthalpyporosity approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mathematical formulation and numerical modeling of wax deposition in pipelines from enthalpy and in the North Sea, the deposition of wax crystals in oil and gas pipelines becomes a major concern operational complexities. To pre- vent blockage of pipelines, wax deposits should be removed periodically

Firoozabadi, Abbas

89

Synchronization-Free Parallel Collision Detection Pipeline Quentin Avril Valerie Gouranton Bruno Arnaldi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synchronization-Free Parallel Collision Detection Pipeline Quentin Avril Val´erie Gouranton Bruno a first parallel and adaptive collision detection pipeline running on a multi-core architecture. This pipeline integrates a first global synchronization-free parallelization of its major steps and enables

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

90

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BP and Hydrogen Pipelines DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 30-31, 2005 Gary P · UK partnership opened the first hydrogen demonstration refueling station · Two hydrogen pipelines l · " i i l i 2 i i ll i i l pl ifi i · 8" ly idl i i l s Hydrogen Pipelines Two nes, on y a brand

91

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Pipeline Capacity and Utilization  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipeline Utilization & Capacity Pipeline Utilization & Capacity About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity & Utilization Overview | Utilization Rates | Integration of Storage | Varying Rates of Utilization | Measures of Utilization Overview of Pipeline Utilization Natural gas pipeline companies prefer to operate their systems as close to full capacity as possible to maximize their revenues. However, the average utilization rate (flow relative to design capacity) of a natural gas pipeline system seldom reaches 100%. Factors that contribute to outages include: Scheduled or unscheduled maintenance Temporary decreases in market demand Weather-related limitations to operations

92

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Petroleum Pipeline Eminent Domain Permit Procedures serve to protect Georgia's natural and environmental resources by requiring permits be issued by the Director of the Environmental Protection Division prior to any petroleum or petroleum product pipe company acquiring property or interests by eminent domain. Monitoring conditions will be issued with

93

Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Investigate application of composite, fiber-reinforced polymer pipeline technology for hydrogen transmission and distribution

94

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect

The two broad categories of deposited weld metal repair and fiber-reinforced composite repair technologies were reviewed for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Preliminary test programs were developed for both deposited weld metal repairs and for fiber-reinforced composite repair. To date, all of the experimental work pertaining to the evaluation of potential repair methods has focused on fiber-reinforced composite repairs. Hydrostatic testing was also conducted on four pipeline sections with simulated corrosion damage: two with composite liners and two without.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2003-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Tefken builds Turkish pipeline project  

SciTech Connect

A turnkey contract was let in early 1983 for the construction of the Yumurtalik-Kirikkale crude oil pipeline system in Turkey. The design and construction of the 277 mile, 24 in dia pipeline will be completed toward the end of 1985. The pipeline will transport crude oil to the Central Anatolian Refinery. In the original design, the pipeline was planned for an ultimate capacity of 10 million tons/year with three pumping stations. Problems encountered in constructing the pipeline are discussed.

Not Available

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Pipelines in the constructed environment  

SciTech Connect

New pipeline construction, the maintenance of existing pipelines, and the rehabilitation or replacement of deteriorating pipelines often takes place with many challenges and constraints imposed by developmental regulations. The 1998 Pipeline Division Conference provided a forum for those involved in the field to share ideas and learn more about the issues faced today. These 92 peer-reviewed papers reflect the current methods and technology in the field of pipeline construction.

Castronovo, J.P.; Clark, J.A. [eds.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

INNOVATIVE ELECTROMAGNETIC SENSORS FOR PIPELINE CRAWLERS  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. The Applied Energy Systems Group at Battelle is concluding the first year of work on a projected three-year development effort. In this first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. This second semiannual report focuses on the development of a second inspection methodology, based on rotating permanent magnets. During this period, a rotating permanent magnet exciter was designed and built. The exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. The tests have shown that at distances of a pipe diameter or more, the currents flow circumferentially, and that these circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall.

J. Bruce Nestleroth

2004-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

98

Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

praxair.com praxair.com Copyright © 2003, Praxair Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion BY Robert Zawierucha, Kang Xu and Gary Koeppel PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY CENTER TONAWANDA, NEW YORK DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Workshop Augusta, GA August 2005 2 Introduction Regulatory and technical groups that impact hydrogen and hydrogen systems ASME, DOE, DOT etc, Compressed Gas Association activities ASTM TG G1.06.08 Hydrogen pipelines and CGA-5.6 Selected experience and guidance Summary and recommendations 3 CGA Publications Pertinent to Hydrogen G-5: Hydrogen G-5.3: Commodity Specification for Hydrogen G-5.4: Standard for Hydrogen Piping at Consumer Locations G-5.5: Hydrogen Vent Systems G-5.6: Hydrogen Pipeline Systems (IGC Doc 121/04/E) G-5.7: Carbon Monoxide and Syngas

99

Gas Pipelines (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This chapter applies to any entity that owns, manages, operates, leases, or controls a pipeline for the purpose of transporting natural gas in the state for sale or compensation, as well as any...

100

Gas Pipeline Securities (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute establishes that entities engaged in the transmission of gas by pipelines are not required to obtain the consent of the Utility Regulatory Commission for issuance of stocks,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Historical pipeline construction cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to provide a reference for the pipeline construction cost, by analysing individual pipeline cost components with historical pipeline cost data. Cost data of 412 pipelines recorded between 1992 and 2008 in the Oil and Gas Journal are collected and adjusted to 2008 dollars with the chemical engineering plant cost index (CEPCI). The distribution and share of these 412 pipeline cost components are assessed based on pipeline diameter, pipeline length, pipeline capacity, the year of completion, locations of pipelines. The share of material and labour cost dominates the pipeline construction cost, which is about 71% of the total cost. In addition, the learning curve analysis is conducted to attain learning rate with respect to pipeline material and labour costs for different groups. Results show that learning rate and construction cost are varied by pipeline diameters, pipeline lengths, locations of pipelines and other factors. This study also investigates the causes of pipeline construction cost differences among different groups. [Received: October 13, 2010; Accepted: December 20, 2010

Zhenhua Rui; Paul A. Metz; Doug B. Reynolds; Gang Chen; Xiyu Zhou

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Genome Majority Vote (GMV), Version 0.x  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genome Majority Vote (GMV), Version 0.x Genome Majority Vote (GMV), Version 0.x The pipeline runs PRODIGAL gene predictions on all genomes, runs pan-reciprocal BLAST, and...

103

Minimizing the Energy Cost of Throughput in a Linear Pipeline by Opportunistic Time Borrowing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Minimizing the Energy Cost of Throughput in a Linear Pipeline by Opportunistic Time Borrowing a technique to optimize the energy-delay product of a synchronous linear pipeline circuit with dynamic error and clock frequency of the design by exploiting slacks that are present in various stages of the pipeline

Pedram, Massoud

104

The data processing pipeline for the Herschel/SPIRE Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The data processing pipeline for the Herschel/SPIRE Imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer Trevor R the data processing pipeline to generate calibrated data products from the Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver (SPIRE) imaging Fourier Transform Spectrometer. The pipeline processes telemetry from SPIRE point

Naylor, David A.

105

DOE Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipeline Working Group Workshop August 31, 2005 Augusta, Georgia Hydrogen Pipeline Experience Presented By: LeRoy H. Remp Lead Project Manager Pipeline Projects ppt00 3 Hydrogen...

106

EIA - Analysis of Natural Gas Imports/Exports & Pipelines  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports/Exports & Pipelines Imports/Exports & Pipelines 2010 U.S Natural Gas Imports and Exports: 2009 This report provides an overview of U.S. international natural gas trade in 2009. Natural gas import and export data, including liquefied natural gas (LNG) data, are provided through the year 2009 in Tables SR1-SR9. Categories: Imports & Exports/Pipelines (Released, 9/28/2010, Html format) Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2009 This is a special report that provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in 2009 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2009 from the Energy Information Administration. Topics discussed include natural gas end-use consumption trends, offshore and onshore production, imports and exports of pipeline and liquefied natural gas, and above-average storage inventories. Categories: Prices, Production, Consumption, Imports/Exports & Pipelines, Storage (Released, 7/9/2010, Html format)

107

Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program May 26, 2005 - 1:03pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy tomorrow, Friday, May 27, will publish a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal Register seeking public comment on an $18 billion loan guarantee program to encourage the construction of a pipeline that will bring Alaskan natural gas to the continental United States. The pipeline will provide access to Alaska's 35 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves, and would be a major step forward in meeting America's growing energy needs and reducing our dependence on foreign sources of energy. It would also fulfill the Bush Administration's policy to bring Alaska's natural gas reserves to market.

108

Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program Energy Department Moves Forward on Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline Loan Guarantee Program May 26, 2005 - 1:03pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The Department of Energy tomorrow, Friday, May 27, will publish a Notice of Inquiry in the Federal Register seeking public comment on an $18 billion loan guarantee program to encourage the construction of a pipeline that will bring Alaskan natural gas to the continental United States. The pipeline will provide access to Alaska's 35 trillion cubic feet of proven natural gas reserves, and would be a major step forward in meeting America's growing energy needs and reducing our dependence on foreign sources of energy. It would also fulfill the Bush Administration's policy to bring Alaska's natural gas reserves to market.

109

Diverless pipeline repair clamp: Phase 1  

SciTech Connect

Offshore oil and gas developments are underway for water depths beyond which divers can function. The economic lifelines of these projects are the pipelines which will transport the products to shore. In preparation for the day when one of these pipelines will require repair because of a leak, the Pipeline Research Committee of the American Gas Association is funding research directed at developing diverless pipeline repair capabilities. Several types of damage are possible, ranging from latent weld defects on one end of the spectrum to damage resulting in parting of the pipe at the other end. This study is specifically directed toward laying the groundwork for development of a diverless pipeline repair clamp for use in repair of leaks resulting from minor pipe defects. The incentive for a clamp type repair is costs. When compared to replacing a section of pipe, either by welding or by mechanical means, the clamp type repair requires much less disturbance of the pipe, less time, fewer operations and less equipment. This report summarizes (1) capabilities of remotely operated vehicles (ROV's) and associated systems, (2) highlights areas for further research and development, (3) describes the required capabilities of the diverless repairclamp, (4) investigates some alternatives to the diverless clamp, (5) overviews the state of the art in leak repair clamps, and (6) critiques several possible generic clamp concepts.

Miller, J.E.; Knott, B. (Stress Engineering Services, Inc., Houston, TX (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

NewPipeline-Robot-Power-Source.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Power Sources for Power Sources for Inspection Robots in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines By Shreekant B. Malvadkar and Edward L. Parsons Office of Systems & Policy Support INTRODUCTION Strategic Center of Natural gas's (SCNG) Natural Gas Infrastructure Reliability Product Team has undertaken the development of a prototype robot that would inspect and possibly repair transmission pipelines. NETL has granted a contract for this purpose to New York Gas Group (NYGAS) and Carnegie Mellon University's (CMU) National Robotics Engineering Consortium (NREC). The purpose of this study is to analyze various onboard power supply options for such a commercially viable robot that can operate in a transmission pipeline for extended period. The primary power sources considered are wind turbines, rechargeable batteries,

111

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Activities Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration...

112

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Hydrogen Delivery...

113

Microsoft Word - Rockies Pipelines and Prices.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

07 07 1 September 2007 Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Natural Gas in the Rocky Mountains: Developing Infrastructure 1 Highlights * Recent natural gas spot market volatility in the Rocky Mountain States of Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming has been the result of increased production while consumption and pipeline export capacity have remained limited. This Supplement analyzes current natural gas production, pipeline and storage infrastructure in the Rocky Mountains, as well as prospective pipeline projects in these States. * Natural gas reserves in the Rocky Mountain States account for nearly 22 percent of the total natural gas reserves in the United States, and are

114

Energy Department Takes Major Steps to Increase U.S. Energy Productivity and Manufacturing  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The Department of Energy today announced expansions of its Clean Energy Manufacturing Initiative in support of the American manufacturing sector and a new initiative to support President Obama’s goal of doubling energy productivity by 2030.

115

New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Barriers to Hydrogen Delivery: Existing steel pipelines are subject to hydrogen embrittlement and are inadequate for widespread H2 distribution.

116

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Underground Natural Gas Storage  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Storage Storage About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Underground Natural Gas Storage Overview | Regional Breakdowns Overview Underground natural gas storage provides pipelines, local distribution companies, producers, and pipeline shippers with an inventory management tool, seasonal supply backup, and access to natural gas needed to avoid imbalances between receipts and deliveries on a pipeline network. There are three principal types of underground storage sites used in the United States today. They are: · depleted natural gas or oil fields (326), · aquifers (43), or · salt caverns (31). In a few cases mine caverns have been used. Most underground storage facilities, 82 percent at the beginning of 2008, were created from reservoirs located in depleted natural gas production fields that were relatively easy to convert to storage service, and that were often close to consumption centers and existing natural gas pipeline systems.

117

Materials Requirements for Pipeline Construction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the same time, pipeline failure must be...the huge cost of repair. The first oil...where the initial pipeline construction cost...cost of a single repair can exceed C1M. TABLE 2. NORTH SEA PIPELINES grade max. water...

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Largest Natural Gas Pipeline Systems  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Interstate Pipelines Table Interstate Pipelines Table About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Thirty Largest U.S. Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Systems, 2008 (Ranked by system capacity) Pipeline Name Market Regions Served Primary Supply Regions States in Which Pipeline Operates Transported in 2007 (million dekatherm)1 System Capacity (MMcf/d) 2 System Mileage Columbia Gas Transmission Co. Northeast Southwest, Appalachia DE, PA, MD, KY, NC, NJ, NY, OH, VA, WV 1,849 9,350 10,365 Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co. Northeast, Southeast Southwest AL, GA, LA, MD, MS, NC, NY, SC, TX, VA, GM 2,670 8,466 10,450 Northern Natural Gas Co. Central, Midwest Southwest IA, IL, KS, NE, NM, OK, SD, TX, WI, GM 1,055 7,442 15,874 Texas Eastern Transmission Corp.

119

Production Incentives and Payment Methods in Major Texas Fluid Milk Markets.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-source-milk" which does not meet the requirements of producer milk. Finally, the order provides for an administrator, to be supported by handler assessments based on volume of Class I sales, who is obligated to safeguard the order provisions through auditing... of the Agricultural Marketing Agreement Act of 1937. The first Texas milk market to be regulated by a federal order was North Texas late in 1951. Since that time all major Texas markets except one have obtained a marketing order. From the beginning, orders have...

Krienke, A. B.; Stelly, Randall

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Predicting pipeline frost load  

SciTech Connect

A study was undertaken to find a formula for predicting the additional load imposed on underground pipelines by soil freezing. The authors conclude that a modified Boussinesq equation can be used to assess this load. Results also showed that frost affects the modulus of soil reaction and therefore the induced stress in flexible pipe.

Fielding, M.B.; Cohen, A.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The effect of pipe spacing on marine pipeline scour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE EFFECT OF PIPE SPACING ON MARINE PIPELINE SCOUR A Thesis by JOSEPH HENRY WESTERHORSTMANN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1988 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering THE EFFECT OF PIPE SPACING ON MARINE PIPELINE SCOUR A Thesis by JOSEPH HENRY WESTERHORSTMANN Approved as to style and content by: r L. Machemehl (Chair of Committee) Robert E. Randall (Member) W yne...

Westerhorstmann, Joseph Henry

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

122

Survey of state water laws affecting coal slurry pipeline development  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes state water laws likely to affect the development of coal slurry pipelines. It was prepared as part of a project to analyze environmental issues related to energy transportation systems. Coal slurry pipelines have been proposed as a means to expand the existing transportation system to handle the increasing coal shipments that will be required in the future. The availability of water for use in coal slurry systems in the coal-producing states is an issue of major concern.

Rogozen, M.B.

1980-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The SINFONI pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SINFONI data reduction pipeline, as part of the ESO-VLT Data Flow System, provides recipes for Paranal Science Operations, and for Data Flow Operations at Garching headquarters. At Paranal, it is used for the quick-look data evaluation. For Data Flow Operations, it fulfills several functions: creating master calibrations; monitoring instrument health and data quality; and reducing science data for delivery to service mode users. The pipeline is available to the science community for reprocessing data with personalised reduction strategies and parameters. The pipeline recipes can be executed either with EsoRex at the command line level or through the Gasgano graphical user interface. The recipes are implemented with the ESO Common Pipeline Library (CPL). SINFONI is the Spectrograph for INtegral Field Observations in the Near Infrared (1.1-2.45 um) at the ESO-VLT. SINFONI was developed and build by ESO and MPE in collaboration with NOVA. It consists of the SPIFFI integral field spectrograph and an adaptive optics module which allows diffraction limited and seeing limited observations. The image slicer of SPIFFI chops the SINFONI field of view on the sky in 32 slices which are re-arranged to a pseudo slit. The latter is dispersed by one of the four possible gratings (J, H, K, H+K). The detector thus sees a spatial dimension (along the pseudo-slit) and a spectral dimension. We describe in this paper the main data reduction procedures of the SINFONI pipeline, which is based on SPRED - the SPIFFI data reduction software developed by MPE, and the most recent developments after more than a year of SINFONI operations.

Andrea Modigliani; Wolfgang Hummel; Roberto Abuter; Paola Amico; Pascal Ballester; Richard Davies; Christophe Dumas; Mattew Horrobin; Mark Neeser; Markus Kissler-Patig; Michele Peron; Juha Rehunanen; Juergen Schreiber; Thomas Szeifert

2007-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Framework of pipeline integrity management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pipeline integrity is the cornerstone of many industrial and engineering systems. This paper provides a review and analysis of pipeline integrity that will support professionals from industry who are investigating technical challenges of pipeline integrity. In addition, it will provide an overview for academia to understand the complete picture of pipeline integrity threats and techniques to deal with these threats. Pipeline threats are explained and failures are classified. Design practices are discussed using pressure criteria. Inspection techniques are studied and used as a basis for describing the corresponding integrity assessment techniques, which are linked with integrity monitoring and maintenance criteria. Finally, pipeline integrity management system design is presented using activity models, process models, and knowledge structures. The paper will be useful for further development of automated tools to support pipeline integrity management.

Hossam A. Gabbar; Hossam A. Kishawy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Deepwater pipeline repair technology: A general overview  

SciTech Connect

During the life of oil and gas transportation sea lines, periodic inspection, maintenance and repair in case of major damage are the most important tasks to be considered especially in deepwater installations. In particular the capabilities to perform quick and cost effective repairs have been of strategic importance in the eighties for SNAM during the development of the S.A.S. (Submersible Automatic System) a diverless and guidelineless repair system for the 20 inch Transmediterranean sealines. The trials on this prototype were successfully completed in early summer 1992, simulating a complete repair procedure at 610 in water depth. Based on the technology the authors have acquired during the implementation of the system, an upgrading phase aimed at improving the capability to mate the new 26 inch lines is being developed. Considering that at the moment only a few pipeline transportation systems are laid in deep water, but some new installations are foreseen in the near future, technological developments would be necessary in view of different scenarios other than the Mediterranean area. This paper will be focused on an overview of the existing repair technologies and will discuss the possible future pipelines operating scenarios and the envisaged new developments of repair technology. Possible way of approaching and solving in a cost-effective way the needs of Pipeline Operators to have repair systems available will be discussed for the different pipeline scenarios.

Magnelli, G.; Radicioni, A. [Snamprogetti S.p.A., Fano (Italy). Offshore Division

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

126

Validation of real-time PCR for detection of six major pathogens in seafood products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Seafood can pose a public health concern to consumers. It is often consumed raw and may be contaminated with several foodborne pathogens. In order to guarantee the safety of seafood, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) protocols may be used as these enable results to be provided within 24 h. The first goal of our work was to develop real-time PCR protocols enabling the detection of six foodborne pathogens that may be present in seafood products (Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Vibrio vulnificus). The corresponding gene targets were: 50S/VS1, rfbE, ttr, tlh, and vvp. A multiplex PCR was also developed to detect the virulence genes of V. parahaemolyticus: tdh and trh. A total of 420 bacterial strains belonging to four different genera/strains were used in this study. Sensitivity and specificity were always 100%, except in the case of Salmonella spp., where three strains were not detected by our PCR protocols. The second objective of our work was to assess the detection limit of our real-time PCR protocols on artificially contaminated seafood products (raw shrimps, cooked shrimps, and raw mussels), purchased in public stores. Six different levels of contamination were assayed in four replicates for each matrix. The real-time PCR protocols enabled a better level of detection than the ISO methods, except for Salmonella in raw shrimps and for V. vulnificus in shrimps (raw and cooked). The estimated level of detection was between 1 and 47 cfu/25 g sample for the ISO norms and between 1 and 315 cfu/25 g sample for the real-time PCR protocols tailored in our work. The real-time \\{PCRs\\} developed in our work allowed for good selectivity, sensitivity, and specificity. The sensitivity on seafood products was estimated at a level of 100%, except for Salmonella (97%). In the spiking assays, the levels of detection were lower with the real-time PCR protocol than those obtained with the ISO method. This was not the case for V. vulnificus in raw and cooked shrimps and for Salmonella in raw shrimps. These real-time PCR protocols appear to be good alternative methods for surveillance of seafood products to ensure the absence of foodborne pathogens. One additional conclusion is that laboratories have to use enrichment media that are compatible with those recommended by ISO standards. This may facilitate the isolation of the pathogen if the real-time PCR protocol gives a suspect positive signal during the first step of the seafood analysis.

B. Taminiau; N. Korsak; C. Lemaire; V. Delcenserie; G. Daube

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Innovative Electromagnetic Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. Battelle is in the final year on a projected three-year development effort. In the first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. The second inspection methodology is based on rotating permanent magnets. The rotating exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. At distances of a pipe diameter or more from the rotating exciter, the currents flow circumferentially. These circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall. The second semiannual report on this project reported on experimental and modeling results. The results showed that the rotating system was more adaptable to pipeline inspection and therefore only this system will be carried into the second year of the sensor development. In the third reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. Since this is a new inspection modality without published fundamentals to build upon, basic analytical and experimental investigations were performed. A closed form equation for designing rotating exciters and positioning sensors was derived from fundamental principles. Also signal processing methods were investigated for detection and assessment of pipeline anomalies. A lock in amplifier approach was chosen as the method for detecting the signals. Finally, mechanical implementations for passing tight restrictions such as plug valves were investigated. This inspection concept is new and unique; a United States patent application has been submitted. In this reporting period, a general design of the rotating permanent magnet inspection system is presented. The rotating permanent magnet inspection system is feasible for pipes ranging in diameter from 8 to 18 inches using a two pole configuration. Experimental results and theoretical calculations provide the basis for selection of the critical design parameters. The parameters include a significant magnet to pipe separation that will facilitate the passage of pipeline features. With the basic values of critical components established, the next step is a detailed mechanical design of a pipeline ready inspection system.

J. Bruce Nestleroth

2006-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

128

Abstract--A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract-- A mesochronous pipeline scheme is described in this paper. In a conventional pipeline scheme each pipeline stage operates on only one data set at a time. In the mesochronous scheme, pipeline stages operate on multiple data sets simultaneously. The clock period in conventional pipeline scheme

Delgado-Frias, José G.

129

Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop: Code for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Code for Hydrogen Code for Hydrogen Pipelines Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, Georgia August 31, 2005 Louis Hayden, PE Chair ASME B31.12 3 Presentation Outline * Approval for new code development * Charge from BPTCS to B31 Standards Committee for Hydrogen Piping/Pipeline code development * B31.12 Status & Structure * Hydrogen Pipeline issues * Research Needs * Where Do We Go From Here? 4 Code for Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines * B31 Hydrogen Section Committee to develop a new code for H 2 piping and pipelines - Include requirements specific to H 2 service for power, process, transportation, distribution, commercial, and residential applications - Balance reference and incorporation of applicable sections of B31.1, B31.3 and B31.8 - Have separate parts for industrial, commercial/residential

130

Pipeline corridors through wetlands  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents preliminary findings from six vegetational surveys of gas pipeline rights-of-way (ROW) through wetlands and quantifies the impacts of a 20-year-old pipeline ROW through a boreal forest wetland. Six sites of various ages were surveyed in ecosystems ranging from coastal marsh to forested wetland. At all sites except one, both the number and the percentage of wetland species on the Row approximated or exceeded those in the adjacent natural area. The boreal forest study showed that (1) adjacent natural wetland areas were not altered in type; (2) water sheet flow restriction had been reversed by nature; (3) no nonnative plant species invaded the natural area; (4) three-quarters of the ROW area was a wetland, and (5) the ROW increased diversity.

Zimmerman, R.E.; Wilkey, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Isaacson, H.R. (Gas Research Institute (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Pipeline corridors through wetlands  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents preliminary findings from six vegetational surveys of gas pipeline rights-of-way (ROW) through wetlands and quantifies the impacts of a 20-year-old pipeline ROW through a boreal forest wetland. Six sites of various ages were surveyed in ecosystems ranging from coastal marsh to forested wetland. At all sites except one, both the number and the percentage of wetland species on the Row approximated or exceeded those in the adjacent natural area. The boreal forest study showed that (1) adjacent natural wetland areas were not altered in type; (2) water sheet flow restriction had been reversed by nature; (3) no nonnative plant species invaded the natural area; (4) three-quarters of the ROW area was a wetland, and (5) the ROW increased diversity.

Zimmerman, R.E.; Wilkey, P.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Isaacson, H.R. [Gas Research Institute (United States)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipelines: Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Pipping of GH2 Pipeline. Background: FG 64 built in 50ies, KP added in 70ies, active mining area over total length

133

INNOVATIVE ELECTROMAGNETIC SENSORS FOR PIPELINE CRAWLERS  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. Battelle has completed the second year of work on a projected three-year development effort. In the first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. The second inspection methodology is based on rotating permanent magnets. The rotating exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. At distances of a pipe diameter or more from the rotating exciter, the currents flow circumferentially. These circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall. The second semiannual report on this project reported on experimental and modeling results. The results showed that the rotating system was more adaptable to pipeline inspection and therefore only this system will be carried into the second year of the sensor development. In the third reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. Since this is a new inspection modality without published fundamentals to build upon, basic analytical and experimental investigations were performed. A closed form equation for designing rotating exciters and positioning sensors was derived from fundamental principles. Also signal processing methods were investigated for detection and assessment of pipeline anomalies. A lock in amplifier approach was chosen as the method for detecting the signals. Finally, mechanical implementations for passing tight restrictions such as plug valves were investigated. This inspection concept is new and unique; a United States patent application has been submitted. In this fourth reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. A multichannel real-time data recorder system was implemented and fundamental experiments were conducted to provide data to aid in the design of the rotating magnetizer system. An unexpected but beneficial result was achieved when examining the separation between the rotating magnet and the pipe wall; separations of over an inch could be tolerated. Essentially no change in signal from corrosion anomalies could be detected for separations up to 1.35 inches. The results presented in this report will be used to achieve the next deliverable, designs of components of the rotating inspection system that will function with inspection crawlers in a pipeline environment.

J. Bruce Nestleroth

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

134

Chapter Three - Pipeline Reliability Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Another aspect of pipeline integrity management is the assessment of system reliability over the age of the pipeline. In order to assess the aging effects through the pipe’s lifetime, a reliability assessment is carried out for the pipeline or its segment. The assessment of the residual stress effect is carried out by evaluating the reliability of new uncorroded pipelines, which are assumed to be free from any flaw. The influence of residual stress parameters, mean, and coefficient of variation are considered in the reliability assessment.

Ramesh Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Hydrogen Embrittlement in Pipeline Steels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Materials Division Material Measurement Laboratory HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT IN PIPELINE STEELS AJ Slifka, ES Drexler, RL Amaro, DS Lauria, JR Fekete Applied Chemicals &...

136

Pipelining characteristics of Daqing waxy crude oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Compared with pipelining Newtonian fluid, the pipelining characteristics of the waxy crude pipeline are sensitive to the complicated rheological properties. When the temperature is lower than the wax appearance t...

Ying-ru Zhu ???; Jin-jun Zhang ???

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

RNA-Seq Pipeline in Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Assembly in Galaxy RNA-Seq q Pipeline p • QC : To find outRNA-Seq Pipeline in Galaxy Xiandong Meng 1 , Jeffrey Martinof California RNA--Seq Pipeline in Galaxy RNA Xiandong Meng

Meng, Xiandong

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Chapter 4 - Pipeline Inspection and Subsea Repair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Pipeline inspection is a part of the pipeline integrity management for keeping the pipeline in good condition. The rules governing inspection are the pipeline safety regulations. In most cases the pipeline is inspected regularly. The pipeline safety regulations require that the operator shall insure that a pipeline is maintained in an efficient state, in efficient working order and in good repair. The pipeline inspection includes external inspection and internal inspection. In this chapter, the metal loss inspection techniques are discussed. The subsea pipeline internal inspection is normally carried out through non-destructive testing techniques and technologies by intelligent pigs, such as magnetic-flux leakage technology inn axial and circumferential, ultrasound technologies, eddy-current technologies and other technologies. The repair methods are different for shallow and deep water subsea pipelines. The conventional repair methods are used for shallow water pipeline, but diverless repair and intelligent plus are good for deepwater pipeline repair.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. In lieu of a field installation on an abandoned pipeline, a preliminary nondestructive testing protocol is being developed to determine the success or failure of the fiber-reinforced liner pipeline repairs. Optimization and validation activities for carbon-fiber repair methods are ongoing.

Bill Bruce; Nancy Porter; George Ritter; Matt Boring; Mark Lozev; Ian Harris; Bill Mohr; Dennis Harwig; Robin Gordon; Chris Neary; Mike Sullivan

2005-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

140

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Midwest Region  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Midwest Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Midwest Region...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Detection of the internal corrosion in pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detection of the internal corrosion in pipeline. Hyeonbae Kang. In this talk I will explain our new methods to detect internal corrosions in pipelines.

2006-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

142

Machinist Pipeline/Apprentice Program Program Description  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Machinist PipelineApprentice Program Program Description The Machinist Pipeline Program was created by the Prototype Fabrication Division to fill a critical need for skilled...

143

INNOVATIVE ELECTROMAGNETIC SENSORS FOR PIPELINE CRAWLERS  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they encounter. Recent development efforts include a new generation of powered inspection platforms that crawl slowly inside a pipeline and are able to maneuver past the physical barriers that can limit inspection. At Battelle, innovative electromagnetic sensors are being designed and tested for these new pipeline crawlers. The various sensor types can be used to assess a wide range of pipeline anomalies including corrosion, mechanical damage, and cracks. The Applied Energy Systems Group at Battelle is in the second year of work on a projected three-year development effort. In the first year, two innovative electromagnetic inspection technologies were designed and tested. Both were based on moving high-strength permanent magnets to generate inspection energy. One system involved translating permanent magnets towards the pipe. A pulse of electric current would be induced in the pipe to oppose the magnetization according to Lenz's Law. The decay of this pulse would indicate the presence of defects in the pipe wall. This inspection method is similar to pulsed eddy current inspection methods, with the fundamental difference being the manner in which the current is generated. Details of this development effort were reported in the first semiannual report on this project. The second inspection methodology is based on rotating permanent magnets. The rotating exciter unit produces strong eddy currents in the pipe wall. At distances of a pipe diameter or more from the rotating exciter, the currents flow circumferentially. These circumferential currents are deflected by pipeline defects such as corrosion and axially aligned cracks. Simple sensors are used to detect the change in current densities in the pipe wall. The second semiannual report on this project reported on experimental and modeling results. The results showed that the rotating system was more adaptable to pipeline inspection and therefore only this system will be carried into the second year of the sensor development. In this third reporting period, the rotating system inspection was further developed. Since this is a new inspection modality without published fundamentals to build upon, basic analytical and experimental investigations were performed. A closed form equation for designing rotating exciters and positioning sensors was derived from fundamental principles. Also signal processing methods were investigated for detection and assessment of pipeline anomalies. A lock in amplifier approach was chosen as the method for detecting the signals. Finally, mechanical implementations for passing tight restrictions such as plug valves were investigated. This inspection concept is new and unique; a United States patent application has been submitted.

J. Bruce Nestleroth; Richard J. Davis

2005-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

144

Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Composites Technology Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines Barton Smith, Barbara Frame, Larry Anovitz and Cliff Eberle Oak Ridge National Laboratory Pipeline Working Group Meeting Pipeline Working Group Meeting Aiken, South Carolina Aiken, South Carolina September 25-26, 2007 September 25-26, 2007 Managed by UT-Battelle for the Department of Energy 2 Managed by UT Battelle for the Department of Energy Presentation name - _ Composites Technology for Hydrogen Pipelines Fiber-reinforced polymer pipe Project Overview: Investigate application of has excellent burst and collapse composite, fiber-reinforced polymer pipeline pressure ratings, large tensile technology for hydrogen transmission and and compression strengths, and distribution. superior chemical and corrosion resistance. Long lengths can be

145

Heavy oil transportation by pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Worldwide there are a number of pipelines used to transport heavy crude oils. The operations are facilitated in a variety of ways. For example, the Alyeska pipeline is an insulated pipeline transporting warm oil over 800 miles. This 48-inch line experiences limited heat loss due to the insulation, volume of oil contained, and heat gain due to friction and pumping. Some European trunk lines periodically handle heavy and waxy crudes. This is achieved by proper sizing of batches, following waxy crudes with non-waxy crudes, and increased use of scrapers. In a former Soviet republic, the transportation of heavy crude oil by pipeline has been facilitated by blending with a lighter Siberian crude. The paper describes the pipeline transport of heavy crudes by Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc. The paper describes enhancing heavy oil transportation by emulsion formation, droplet suspension, dilution, drag reducing agents, and heating.

Gerez, J.M.; Pick, A.R. [Interprovincial Pipe Line Inc., Edmonton, Alberta (Canada)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

146

Propagating buckles in corroded pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rigid–plastic solutions for the steady-state, quasi-static buckle propagation pressure in corroded pipelines are derived and compared to finite element predictions (ABAQUS). The corroded pipeline is modeled as an infinitely long, cylindrical shell with a section of reduced thickness that is used to describe the corrosion. A five plastic hinge mechanism is used to describe plastic collapse of the corroded pipeline. Closed-form expressions are given for the buckle propagation pressure as a function of the amount of corrosion in an X77 steel pipeline. Buckles that propagate down the pipeline are caused by either global or snap-through buckling, depending on the amount of corrosion. Global buckling occurs when the angular extent of the corrosion is greater than 90°. When the angular extent is less than 90° and the corrosion is severe, snap-through buckling takes place. The buckle propagation pressure and the corresponding collapse modes also compare well to finite element predictions.

Michelle S. Hoo Fatt; Jianghong Xue

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Remotely activated pipeline spheres isolate subsea line for installation  

SciTech Connect

Following the Pipe Alpha tragedy in 1988, Shell UK Exploration and Production (Shell Expro), operator in the UK Sector of the North Sea for Shell and Esso, decided to fit subsea isolation valves to some of its offshore gas pipelines. For environmental, safety and operational reasons, Shell considered it beneficial to avoid flooding the lines with water and instead use a plugging system to isolate the section of pipeline to be cut. Difficulties were presented by a 30-in. pipeline, which had design features that precluded the use of the high-friction pig isolation system developed for other pipelines. Two options were available: development of a pre-inflated high-seal sphere; development of a remotely activated on-site-inflation sphere. The first option was eliminated because of the high wear of pre-inflated spheres along the pipeline to their required location, which could result in leakage of the seal. The remaining option required the development of a through-pipe communication system operating in an environment of gas or liquid, or a combination of both. Shell Expro commissioned Acurite Ltd. to produce a prototype of a remotely activated sphere isolation system. Acurite is a consultancy previously retained by Shell Expro to engineer innovative solutions to a variety of pipeline problems. Acurite had already produced an outline design of an isolation sphere and was confident of overcoming the communication difficulties by adapting an electromagnetic technique it had used in non-destructive testing research.

Newman, W.J. (Shell Expro, Aberdeen (United Kingdom)); Kontou, T.Y. (Shell UK E and P, Aberdeen (United Kingdom)); Aldeen, A.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect

The two broad categories of deposited weld metal repair and fiber-reinforced composite liner repair technologies were reviewed for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Preliminary test programs were developed for both deposited weld metal repair and for fiber-reinforced composite liner repair. Evaluation trials have been conducted using a modified fiber-reinforced composite liner provided by RolaTube and pipe sections without liners. All pipe section specimens failed in areas of simulated damage. Pipe sections containing fiber-reinforced composite liners failed at pressures marginally greater than the pipe sections without liners. The next step is to evaluate a liner material with a modulus of elasticity approximately 95% of the modulus of elasticity for steel. Preliminary welding parameters were developed for deposited weld metal repair in preparation of the receipt of Pacific Gas & Electric's internal pipeline welding repair system (that was designed specifically for 559 mm (22 in.) diameter pipe) and the receipt of 559 mm (22 in.) pipe sections from Panhandle Eastern. The next steps are to transfer welding parameters to the PG&E system and to pressure test repaired pipe sections to failure. A survey of pipeline operators was conducted to better understand the needs and performance requirements of the natural gas transmission industry regarding internal repair. Completed surveys contained the following principal conclusions: (1) Use of internal weld repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling (HDD) when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) Pipe diameter sizes range from 50.8 mm (2 in.) through 1,219.2 mm (48 in.). The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm to 762 mm (20 in. to 30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. An evaluation of potential repair methods clearly indicates that the project should continue to focus on the development of a repair process involving the use of GMAW welding and on the development of a repair process involving the use of fiber-reinforced composite liners.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

149

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway crossings. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. The first round of optimization and validation activities for carbon-fiber repairs are complete. Development of a comprehensive test plan for this process is recommended for use in the field trial portion of this program.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; George Ritter; Bill Mohr; Matt Boring; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

150

INTERNAL REPAIR OF PIPELINES  

SciTech Connect

The two broad categories of fiber-reinforced composite liner repair and deposited weld metal repair technologies were reviewed and evaluated for potential application for internal repair of gas transmission pipelines. Both are used to some extent for other applications and could be further developed for internal, local, structural repair of gas transmission pipelines. Principal conclusions from a survey of natural gas transmission industry pipeline operators can be summarized in terms of the following performance requirements for internal repair: (1) Use of internal repair is most attractive for river crossings, under other bodies of water, in difficult soil conditions, under highways, under congested intersections, and under railway. (2) Internal pipe repair offers a strong potential advantage to the high cost of horizontal direct drilling when a new bore must be created to solve a leak or other problem. (3) Typical travel distances can be divided into three distinct groups: up to 305 m (1,000 ft.); between 305 m and 610 m (1,000 ft. and 2,000 ft.); and beyond 914 m (3,000 ft.). All three groups require pig-based systems. A despooled umbilical system would suffice for the first two groups which represents 81% of survey respondents. The third group would require an onboard self-contained power unit for propulsion and welding/liner repair energy needs. (4) The most common size range for 80% to 90% of operators surveyed is 508 mm (20 in.) to 762 mm (30 in.), with 95% using 558.8 mm (22 in.) pipe. Evaluation trials were conducted on pipe sections with simulated corrosion damage repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liners, carbon fiber-reinforced composite liners, and weld deposition. Additional un-repaired pipe sections were evaluated in the virgin condition and with simulated damage. Hydrostatic failure pressures for pipe sections repaired with glass fiber-reinforced composite liner were only marginally greater than that of pipe sections without liners, indicating that this type of liner is only marginally effective at restoring the pressure containing capabilities of pipelines. Failure pressures for larger diameter pipe repaired with a semi-circular patch of carbon fiber-reinforced composite lines were also marginally greater than that of a pipe section with un-repaired simulated damage without a liner. These results indicate that fiber reinforced composite liners have the potential to increase the burst pressure of pipe sections with external damage Carbon fiber based liners are viewed as more promising than glass fiber based liners because of the potential for more closely matching the mechanical properties of steel. Pipe repaired with weld deposition failed at pressures lower than that of un-repaired pipe in both the virgin and damaged conditions, indicating that this repair technology is less effective at restoring the pressure containing capability of pipe than a carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair. Physical testing indicates that carbon fiber-reinforced liner repair is the most promising technology evaluated to-date. Development of a comprehensive test plan for this process is recommended for use in the field trial portion of this program.

Robin Gordon; Bill Bruce; Ian Harris; Dennis Harwig; George Ritter; Bill Mohr; Matt Boring; Nancy Porter; Mike Sullivan; Chris Neary

2004-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

151

Transforming an ObjectOriented Pipeline to a MasterWorker: The StateBased Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming an Object­Oriented Pipeline to a Master­Worker: The State­Based Pipeline Steve Mac in such an algorithm is exposed using a pipeline [5, 6, 7]. The pipeline is a conceptually simple parallel structure in their education. However, expert parallel programmers typically eschew using the pipeline structure, especially

MacDonald, Steve

152

Transforming an Object-Oriented Pipeline to a Master-Worker: The State-Based Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transforming an Object-Oriented Pipeline to a Master-Worker: The State-Based Pipeline Steve Mac in such an algorithm is exposed using a pipeline [5, 6, 7]. The pipeline is a conceptually simple parallel structure in their education. However, expert parallel programmers typically eschew using the pipeline structure, especially

MacDonald, Steve

153

Subsea pipeline operational risk management  

SciTech Connect

Resources used for inspection, maintenance, and repair of a subsea pipeline must be allocated efficiently in order to operate it in the most cost effective manner. Operational risk management aids in resource allocation through the use of risk assessments and cost/benefit analyses. It identifies those areas where attention must be focused in order to reduce risk. When they are identified, a company`s resources (i.e., personnel, equipment, money, and time) can then be used for inspection, maintenance, and/or repair of the pipeline. The results are cost effective risk reduction and pipeline operation with minimum expenditure.

Bell, R.L.; Lanan, G.A.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

154

Pipeline design essential in making pigging plans  

SciTech Connect

Pigs have gotten an unfortunate reputation for getting stuck in pipelines. As a result, for many years few pigged their pipelines and consequently, many companies are paying the price to repair or replace their corroded pipelines. It is currently considered a necessary evil to run pigs to improve pipeline efficiency and prevent corrosion. Some pipelines were not designed to run pigs and occasionally the wrong type of pig is selected to run in a particular pipeline, increasing the chances of sticking a pig. A pipeline properly designed for pigging along with proper pig selection greatly reduces chances of sticking a pig.

Fisher, H. [BJ Pipeline Cleaners, Houston, TX (United States)

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Effective hardware for connection and repair of polyethylene pipelines using ultrasonic modification and heat shrinkage. Part 2. Production bases for molding of epoxy repair couplings with shape memory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production bases developed for the molding of epoxy repair couplings with shape memory are described. It is established that maximum deformation of tubular blanks of the epoxy polymers under investigation, whi...

A. E. Kolosov; O. S. Sakharov; V. I. Sivetskii…

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Chapter 8 - Pipeline External Corrosion Protection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Offshore steel pipelines are normally designed for a life ranging from 10 years to 40 years. To enable the pipeline to last for the design life, the pipeline needs to be protected from corrosion both internally and externally. Internal corrosion is related to fluid that is carried by the pipeline, and this topic is not covered here. This chapter describes the method by which the external corrosion of offshore pipelines may be minimized.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

VNG's Hampton Roads Pipeline Crossing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

VNG's Hampton Roads Pipeline Crossing VNG's Hampton Roads Pipeline Crossing FUPWG Conference Fall 2008 Williamsburg, Virginia Connection to DTI at Quantico Columbia Limitations South Hampton Roads served by a single pipeline Southside dependent on back up systems LNG Propane/air Two supply sources to VNG What if we connected pipelines? It would take Two Water Crossings Two Compressor Stations Construction in densely populated cities It could Deliver over 200,000 Dth of incremental supply Serve VNG, Columbia and Dominion customers ...we would get... Hampton Roads Crossing - HRX Hampton / Newport News Craney Island Norfolk 21 miles of 24" pipe 7 miles in Hampton/Newport News 4 miles in Norfolk 10 miles of water and island crossing 4 mile harbor crossing 4.5 miles on Craney

158

Gas Utility Pipeline Tax (Texas)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

All gas utilities, including any entity that owns, manages, operates, leases, or controls a pipeline for the purpose of transporting natural gas in the state for sale or compensation, as well as...

159

Pipeline Processing of VLBI Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of an on-going effort to simplify the data analysis path for VLBI experiments, a pipeline procedure has been developed at JIVE to carry out much of the data reduction required for EVN experiments in an automated fashion. This pipeline procedure runs entirely within AIPS, the standard data reduction package used in astronomical VLBI, and is used to provide preliminary calibration of EVN experiments correlated at the EVN MkIV data processor. As well as simplifying the analysis for EVN users, the pipeline reduces the delay in providing information on the data quality to participating telescopes, hence improving the overall performance of the array. A description of this pipeline is presented here.

C. Reynolds; Z. Paragi; M. Garrett

2002-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

160

Pipelines programming paradigms: Prefab plumbing  

SciTech Connect

Mastery of CMS Pipelines is a process of learning increasingly sophisticated tools and techniques that can be applied to your problem. This paper presents a compilation of techniques that can be used as a reference for solving similar problems

Boeheim, C.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

PIPELINES AS COMMUNICATION NETWORK LINKS  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of an investigation into two methods of using the natural gas pipeline as a communication medium. The work addressed the need to develop secure system monitoring and control techniques between the field and control centers and to robotic devices in the pipeline. In the first method, the pipeline was treated as a microwave waveguide. In the second method, the pipe was treated as a leaky feeder or a multi-ground neutral and the signal was directly injected onto the metal pipe. These methods were tested on existing pipeline loops at UMR and Batelle. The results reported in this report indicate the feasibility of both methods. In addition, a few suitable communication link protocols for this network were analyzed.

Kelvin T. Erickson; Ann Miller; E. Keith Stanek; C.H. Wu; Shari Dunn-Norman

2005-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

162

Update on pipeline repair methods  

SciTech Connect

A comprehensive review of pipeline repair methods has been recently completed under the sponsorship of the American Gas Association`s, Pipeline Research Committee. This paper is intended to summarize the important results of that review. First and foremost, two relatively new methods of repair are reviewed. One involves the use of a continuous-fiber fiberglass composite material which can be applied as an alternative to a steel sleeve for the reinforcement of nonleaking defects. The second is the use of deposited weld metal to replace metal lost to external corrosion. This latter technique is not new in principle, but recent research has shown how it can be done safely on a pressurized pipeline. The other significant outcome of the comprehensive review was a set of guidelines for using all types of repairs including full-encirclement sleeves and repair clamps. Pipeline operators can use these guidelines to enhance their current repair procedures, or to train new personnel in maintenance techniques.

Kiefner, J.F. [Kiefner and Associates, Inc., Worthington, OH (United States); Bruce, W.A. [Edison Welding Inst., Columbus, OH (United States); Stephens, D.R. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

163

Decoupled Sampling for Graphics Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a generalized approach to decoupling shading from visibility sampling in graphics pipelines, which we call decoupled sampling. Decoupled sampling enables stochastic supersampling of motion and defocus blur at ...

Ragan-Kelley, Jonathan Millar

164

New Materials for Hydrogen Pipelines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation by 08-Smith to DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting held January 5-6, 2005 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

165

Gas Pipelines, County Roads (Indiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A contract with any Board of County Commissioners is required prior to the construction of a pipeline, conduit, or private drain across or along any county highway. The contract will include terms...

166

Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This statute confers upon the Iowa Utilities Board the authority to act as an agent of the federal government in determining pipeline company compliance with federal standards within the boundaries...

167

Corrosion pig minimizes shut down in German pipeline  

SciTech Connect

In the Emsland area of Northwest Germany, crude oil is produced from several reservoirs. In January of this year, two leaks occurred simultaneously in a 4,700 m. (3 miles) long, 8-in. field line located in the BEB Erdgas and Erdoel GmbH-operated fields. This pipeline, with a design pressure of 64 bar (940 psi) and an operating pressure of 10 bar (147 psi), transports the entire wet crude oil production of the field to central production facilities. The crude oil is wet and paraffinic. The leaks were the first indication of corrosion in the pipeline which has been in service many years. A newly-developed inspection pig called the Pipeline Corrosion Logger (PiCoLo) from 3P Services, Dalum, was chosen as the primary internal inspection tool. This is an MFL pig system which is particularly suited for small diameter pipeline inspection. During the repair of the pipeline, a related MFL system, the PiCo-Extern also was used to detect internal pitting from the outside diameter of the accessible pipe. This paper reviews the performance of this pit and the problems encountered during this operation.

Bukman, F. [BEB Erdgas und Erdol GmbH, Hannover (Germany); Schmidt, R. [3P Services, Dalum (Germany)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Creating a pipeline rehabilitation plan  

SciTech Connect

This paper will highlight the various aspects of planning a pipeline rehabilitation project to maximize used resources. The paper will visit in some detail the aspect of pipeline data collection to make rehabilitation decisions, including intelligent pig data and its use, close interval survey and its use, hydrotest data and its use, etc. This paper will also review the analysis of the hydrotest data, the close interval survey data, and its meaning to the overall rehabilitation design and plan. The paper will also assess the various types of pipeline coatings and methods of recoating and typical and innovative cathodic protection methods. The paper will stress analysis of pipeline structural integrity prior to making rehabilitation decisions. It will review cost estimating for various types of pipeline rehabilitation, and look at various alternatives. Finally, this paper will review typical results from various types of rehabilitation and soil conditions. It will emphasize the need to assess the results of the different rehabilitation methods and detail the future pipeline rehabilitation project decision making. The paper will discuss the use of RAP sheets (rehabilitation analysis profile) for data review and suggest various methods to invest rehabilitation dollars to get the greatest quantity of rehabilitation work done for the least cost.

Marshall, W.F.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

The pipeline and future of drug development in schizophrenia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pipeline and Future of Drug Development in SchizophreniaThe Drug Discovery Pipeline in Schizophrenia Keywords:discuss the current pipeline of drugs for schizophrenia,

Gray, J A; Roth, B L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hydrogen Pipeline Discussion  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

ASTM T.G. G1.06.08 Goals and Workshop, May 17, 2005. Formed on November 11, 2004. Identify major laboratory facilities and capabilities.

171

Cloud computing: increasing the 'T' pipeline in STEM majors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) are driving forces in the world's economy. Unfortunately, it is estimated that the USA may have a shortage of as many as three million STEM workers by 2018. One way to mitigate this potential shortage is to introduce STEM programmes in K-12 using cloud computing. Cloud computing, specifically the Virtual Computing Lab (VCL), allows users to have remote access to a wide range of computing environments and applications. This article discusses VCL as it was introduced to high school students during a summer programme. The FUTURES/T.A.G.S. programme was a collaborative effort between faculty members in the Biology and Computer Information Systems programmes. The theme for the FUTURES/T.A.G.S. summer programme was 'Addressing global obesity'. The results of the programme show that through the use of innovative and collaborative STEM programmes strides can be made with students' perceptions of STEM careers while increasing their aptitude.

Alisha D. Malloy; Donna M. Grant; Joshua Bogues-Hill

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Hydrogen pipeline compressors annual progress report.  

SciTech Connect

The objectives are: (1) develop advanced materials and coatings for hydrogen pipeline compressors; (2) achieve greater reliability, greater efficiency, and lower capital in vestment and maintenance costs in hydrogen pipeline compressors; and (3) research existing and novel hydrogen compression technologies that can improve reliability, eliminate contamination, and reduce cost. Compressors are critical components used in the production and delivery of hydrogen. Current reciprocating compressors used for pipeline delivery of hydrogen are costly, are subject to excessive wear, have poor reliability, and often require the use of lubricants that can contaminate the hydrogen (used in fuel cells). Duplicate compressors may be required to assure availability. The primary objective of this project is to identify, and develop as required, advanced materials and coatings that can achieve the friction, wear, and reliability requirements for dynamically loaded components (seal and bearings) in high-temperature, high-pressure hydrogen environments prototypical of pipeline and forecourt compressor systems. The DOE Strategic Directions for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop identified critical needs in the development of advanced hydrogen compressors - notably, the need to minimize moving parts and to address wear through new designs (centrifugal, linear, guided rotor, and electrochemical) and improved compressor materials. The DOE is supporting several compressor design studies on hydrogen pipeline compression specifically addressing oil-free designs that demonstrate compression in the 0-500 psig to 800-1200 psig range with significant improvements in efficiency, contamination, and reliability/durability. One of the designs by Mohawk Innovative Technologies Inc. (MiTi{reg_sign}) involves using oil-free foil bearings and seals in a centrifual compressor, and MiTi{reg_sign} identified the development of bearings, seals, and oil-free tribological coatings as crucial to the successful development of an advanced compressor. MiTi{reg_sign} and ANL have developed potential coatings for these rigorous applications; however, the performance of these coatings (as well as the nickel-alloy substrates) in high-temperature, high-speed hydrogen environments is unknown at this point.

Fenske, G. R.; Erck, R. A. (Energy Systems)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

173

Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) Pipeline Safety (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Utility Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Program Info State Pennsylvania Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Pennsylvania Public Utilities Commission The Pennsylvania legislature has empowered the Public Utility Commission to direct and enforce safety standards for pipeline facilities and to regulate safety practices of certificated utilities engaged in the transportation of natural gas and other gas by pipeline. The Commission is authorized to enforce federal safety standards as an agent for the U.S. Department of Transportation's Office of Pipeline Safety. The safety standards apply to the design, installation, operation,

174

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Northeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Northeast Region Northeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Northeast Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Canadian Imports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty interstate natural gas pipeline systems operate within the Northeast Region (Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Virginia, and West Virginia). These interstate pipelines deliver natural gas to several intrastate natural gas pipelines and at least 50 local distribution companies in the region. In addition, they also serve large industrial concerns and, increasingly, natural gas fired electric power generation facilities.

175

Oman India Pipeline: An operational repair strategy based on a rational assessment of risk  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the development of a repair strategy for the operational phase of the Oman India Pipeline based upon the probability and consequences of a pipeline failure. Risk analyses and cost benefit analyses performed provide guidance on the level of deepwater repair development effort appropriate for the Oman India Pipeline project and identifies critical areas toward which more intense development effort should be directed. The risk analysis results indicate that the likelihood of a failure of the Oman India Pipeline during its 40-year life is low. Furthermore, the probability of operational failure of the pipeline in deepwater regions is extremely low, the major proportion of operational failure risk being associated with the shallow water regions.

German, P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

176

Wax formation in oil pipelines: A critical review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gelling of waxy crudes and the deposition of wax on the inner walls of subsea crude oil pipelines present a costly problem in the production and transportation of oil. The timely removal of deposited wax is required to address the reduction in flow rate that it causes, as well as to avoid the eventual loss of a pipeline in the event that it becomes completely clogged. In order to understand this problem and address it, significant research has been done on the mechanisms governing wax deposition in pipelines in order to model the process. Furthermore, methods of inhibiting the formation of wax on pipeline walls and of removing accumulated wax have been studied to find the most efficient and cost-effective means of maintaining pipelines prone to wax deposition. This paper seeks to review the current state of research into these areas, highlighting what is so far understood about the mechanisms guiding this wax deposition, and how this knowledge can be applied to modelling and providing solutions to this problem.

Ararimeh Aiyejina; Dhurjati Prasad Chakrabarti; Angelus Pilgrim; M.K.S. Sastry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Transportation Process & Flow  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Process and Flow Process and Flow About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Transportation Process and Flow Overview | Gathering System | Processing Plant | Transmission Grid | Market Centers/Hubs | Underground Storage | Peak Shaving Overview Transporting natural gas from the wellhead to the final customer involves several physical transfers of custody and multiple processing steps. A natural gas pipeline system begins at the natural gas producing well or field. Once the gas leaves the producing well, a pipeline gathering system directs the flow either to a natural gas processing plant or directly to the mainline transmission grid, depending upon the initial quality of the wellhead product.

178

TASSEL: MLM/GLM Pipeline: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell.edu), Zhiwu Zhang, Peter Bradbury, and Edward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TASSEL: MLM/GLM Pipeline: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell..............................................................................................................................................................2 Appendix A: MLM Pipeline Diagrams..........................................................................................................3 Appendix B: GLM Pipeline Diagrams

Buckler, Edward S.

179

Fiber Reinforced Composite Pipelines  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Existing Technology: * FRP is an existing commercial technology currently employed in the oil & gas industry * Commercial product up to 6" diameter and 2500 psig pressure rating. *...

180

The dynamics of a suspended pipeline, in the limit of vanishing stiffness1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and production of oil and natural gas in deep water offshore re- quires the presence of pipelines for transport , Sjoerd W. Rienstra3 Abstract This paper discusses a model for the linearized dynamics of offshore

Rienstra, Sjoerd W.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Robotic equipment for pipeline repair  

SciTech Connect

Hyperbaric welding provides the most reliable method for connection or repair of subsea oil and gas pipelines. Research on hyperbaric arc welding processes indicates that it should be possible to achieve stable welding conditions with Gas Tungsten Arc (GTA) to approximately 600m, and with Gas Metal Arc (GMA) and Plasma Arc to at least 1,000m. These depths are well beyond the limits of manned saturation diving. At the present time the limitation on the maximum depth to which these processes can be applied, in practice, is the requirement for completely diverless operation deeper than approximately 350m. Fully diverless hyperbaric welding is not presently available to the industry but several diverless pipeline repair systems which utilize mechanical connectors have been developed. This paper reviews the present status of mechanized hyperbaric welding systems currently being used in the North Sea and discusses some of the work being done to achieve fully diverless robotic pipeline repair with both welding and connectors.

Gibson, D.E.; Barratt, K.; Paterson, J. [National Hyperbaric Centre, Aberdeen (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

182

Coal log pipeline research at University of Missouri. 3rd quarterly report for 1995, July 1, 1995--September 30, 1995  

SciTech Connect

During this quarter (1/1/95-9/30/95), major progress has been made in the following areas of coal log pipeline research, development and technology transfer: (1) Conceptual design of a test machine based on hydraulic presses to mass-produce 5.4-inch-diameter coal logs for testing in a 6-inch-diameter pipeline has been completed. (2) Conceptual design of a rotary-press machine to produce 1.9-inch-diameter coal logs for testing in a 2-inch-diameter pipeline has also been completed. (3) It has been confirmed through experiments that molds with round-edge exit can make logs as good as those made with tapered exit. (4) Conducted a study to determine the effect of surface condition of mold and lubricants on the quality of coal logs. (5) Completed an evaluation of the effect of fiber (wood pulp) on coal log quality. (6) Prepared an apparatus for testing fast compaction of coal logs -- 2 second per log. (7) Compacted coal logs in a 5.3-inch-diameter mold. (8) Completed a preliminary study to assess vacuum and steam heating systems to enhance coal log production and quality. (9) Changed the small-scale-CLP-demo loop from a once-through system to a recirculating system. (10) Completed revision of CLP economic model and revised the 1993 report.

Liu, H.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

183

Dynamic Process Management for Pipelined Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many applications, particularly in the area of Signal and Image Processing (SIP) make use of what is referred to as a pipeline architecture. In these pipelined architectures, data are collected from some source and fed into a system for computation. ...

David Cronk; Graham Fagg; Susan Emeny; Scot Tucker

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

PGAP: pan-genomes analysis pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......called pan-genomes analysis pipeline (PGAP), which has integrated...Stanhope, 2007). In PGAP pipeline, 1366 core clusters have been...replication, recombination and repair, cell wall/membrane/envelope...replication, recombination and repair and cell wall/membrane......

Yongbing Zhao; Jiayan Wu; Junhui Yang; Shixiang Sun; Jingfa Xiao; Jun Yu

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

REMOTE DETECTION OF INTERNAL PIPELINE CORROSION USING FLUIDIZED SENSORS  

SciTech Connect

Pipelines present a unique challenge to monitoring because of the great geographical distances they cover, their burial depth, their age, and the need to keep the product flowing without much interruption. Most other engineering structures that require monitoring do not pose such combined challenges. In this regard, a pipeline system can be considered analogous to the blood vessels in the human body. The human body has an extensive ''pipeline'' through which blood and other fluids are transported. The brain can generally sense damage to the system at any location and alert the body to provide temporary repair, unless the damage is severe. This is accomplished through a vast network of fixed and floating sensors combined with a vast and extremely complex communication/decision making system. The project described in this report mimics the distributed sensor system of our body, albeit in a much more rudimentary fashion. Internal corrosion is an important factor in pipeline integrity management. At present, the methods to assess internal corrosion in pipelines all have certain limitations. In-line inspection tools are costly and cannot be used in all pipelines. Because there is a significant time interval between inspections, any impact due to upsets in pipeline operations can be missed. Internal Corrosion Direct Assessment (ICDA) is a procedure that can be used to identify locations of possible internal corrosion. However, the uncertainties in the procedure require excavation and location of damage using more detailed inspection tools. Non-intrusive monitoring techniques can be used to monitor internal corrosion, but these tools also require pipeline excavation and are limited in the spatial extent of corrosion they can examine. Therefore, a floating sensor system that can deposit at locations of water accumulation and communicate the corrosion information to an external location is needed. To accomplish this, the project is divided into four main tasks related to wireless data transmission, corrosion sensor development, sensor system motion and delivery, and consideration of other pipeline operations issues. In the first year of the program, focus was on sensor development and wireless data transmission. The second year of the program, which was discontinued due to funding shortfall, would have focused on further wireless transmission development, packaging of sensor on wireless, and other operational issues. Because, the second year funding has been discontinued, recommendations are made for future studies.

Narasi Sridhar; Garth Tormoen; Ashok Sabata

2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

186

Technological Advances in Pipeline Isolation and Repair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Pipeline isolation has been practised for many years to implement various repairs. The tools originally applied were simple and...

Dr A. Aldeen

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

NAZ EDUCATION PIPELINE the-naz.org  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NAZ EDUCATION PIPELINE the-naz.org 1200 W. Broadway #250 | Minneapolis, MN 55411 | Family Academy is a foundational component of the NAZ "cradle to career" pipeline. NAZ families can enroll in the Family Academy college ready. Families and children move through a "cradle to career" pipeline that provides

Amin, S. Massoud

188

A Pipeline for Computational Historical Linguistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;A Pipeline for Computational Historical Linguistics Lydia Steiner Bioinformatics Group an algorithmic pipeline that mimics, as closely as possible, the traditional workflow of language reconstruction known as the comparative method. The pipeline consists of suitably modified algorithms based on recent

189

Proceedings of IPC 2004 International Pipeline Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proceedings of IPC 2004 International Pipeline Conference October 4 - 8, 2004 Calgary, Alberta) inspection tools have the potential to locate and characterize mechanical damage in pipelines. However, MFL The most common cause of pipeline failure in North America is mechanical damage: denting or gouging

Clapham, Lynann

190

BDP: BrainSuite Diffusion Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BDP: BrainSuite Diffusion Pipeline Chitresh Bhushan #12; Quantify microstructural tissue ROI Connectivity ROI Statistics MPRAGE Diffusion #12;Diffusion Pipeline Dicom to NIfTI Co ROIs Custom ROIs #12;Diffusion Pipeline Dicom to NIfTI Co-registration Diffusion Modeling Tractography

Leahy, Richard M.

191

Tassel Pipeline Tutorial (Command Line Interface)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tassel Pipeline Tutorial (Command Line Interface) Terry Casstevens Institute for Genomic Diversity, Cornell University May 11, 2011 #12;Tassel Pipeline Basics... · Consists of Modules (i.e. Plugins) · Output from one Module can be Input to another Module. Determined by order specified. run_pipeline

Buckler, Edward S.

192

Trawler: de novo regulatory motif discovery pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trawler: de novo regulatory motif discovery pipeline for chromatin immunoprecipitation Laurence, the fastest computational pipeline to date, to efficiently discover over-represented motifs in chromatin present the Trawler pipeline (Fig. 1a) that attempts the de novo identification of all over

Cai, Long

193

New pipeline policy  

SciTech Connect

This article outlines regulations addressing the sale, transportation, storage, and distribution of natural gas in Mexico. The regulations were issued in November 1995 by the Comision Reguladora de Energia. The major policy decisions of the regulations are summarized. The current role of Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), the state owned oil and gas entity, which formerly monopolized the Mexican industry, is discussed.

Schaefgen, J.R. Jr.; Colucci, D.M.

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

THE PIPELINE THESIS One of the requirements of the CUNY Pipeline Program is the Pipeline thesis. This is an independent research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PIPELINE THESIS One of the requirements of the CUNY Pipeline Program is the Pipeline thesis by writing a Pipeline thesis proposal during the spring of your junior year. The thesis should be completed before "going public." 3) Explore the possibility of doing the Pipeline thesis for credit

Dennehy, John

195

THE PIPELINE THESIS One of the requirements of the CUNY Pipeline Program is the Pipeline thesis. This is an independent research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE PIPELINE THESIS One of the requirements of the CUNY Pipeline Program is the Pipeline thesis by writing a Pipeline thesis proposal during the spring of your junior year. The thesis should be completed. The proposal must be completed and signed by your mentor by the beginning of the Pipeline summer research

Dennehy, John

196

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) Intrastate Pipeline Safety (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting These regulations provide standards for gas and liquid pipeline maintenance and operating procedures, per the Federal Hazardous Liquid and Natural Gas Pipeline Safety Acts, and give the commissioner of public safety the

197

Buckle interaction in deep subsea pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper investigates the interaction between propagation buckling and upheaval or lateral buckling in deep subsea pipelines. The upheaval and lateral buckling are two possible global buckling modes in long pipelines while the propagation buckling is a local mode that can quickly propagate and damage a long segment of a pipeline in deep water. A numerical study is conducted to simulate buckle interaction in deep subsea pipelines. The interaction produces a significant reduction in the buckle design capacity of the pipeline. This is further exasperated due to the inherent imperfection sensitivity of the problem.

Hassan Karampour; Faris Albermani; Martin Veidt

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Cathodic protection retrofit of an offshore pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Cathodic protection (CP) anodes and corrosion coating on two offshore pipelines were damaged during deep water installation. In-situ methods for deep-water inspection and repair of the pipelines` CP and coating systems were developed and used. High-pressure natural gas Pipeline. A design was 5.6 miles of 8.625 in. OD by 0.406 in. W.T. API SL, Grade X-42, seamless line pipe. Pipeline B design was 0.3 miles of similar specification pipe. Both pipelines were mill-coated with 14 mil of fusion-bonded epoxy (FBE) corrosion coating. Girth welds were field-coated with FBE.

Winters, R.H.; Holk, A.C. [Tenneco Energy, Houston, TX (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Directional boring produces a better pipeline crossing  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the design of a directional drilling project by Tennessee Pipeline Company, to cross Chillipitin Creek in Texas. This pipeline was part of an overall pipeline repair and upgrade. Stream erosion had left the existing pipeline exposed in the channel of the creek. The paper describes the drilling equipment selected and the methods used in tracking the drilling operation throughout its completion. The Texas Railroad Commission requires a minimum of 45 feet of cover between the bottom of the stream and the pipeline. The methods used for engineering this crossing are described.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Agency/Company /Organization: UNEP-Risoe Centre, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.cdmpipeline.org/overview.htm Clean Development Mechanism Pipeline Screenshot References: CDM Pipeline[1] Overview "The CDM/JI Pipeline Analysis and Database contains all CDM/JI projects that have been sent for validation/determination. It also contains the baseline & monitoring methodologies, a list of DOEs and several analyses. This monthly newsletter shows a sample of the analysis in the Pipeline. If you want more information, then look into the left column and click on the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Pipeline rehabilitation using field applied tape systems  

SciTech Connect

Bare steel pipelines were first installed years before the turn of the century. Pipeline operators soon realized the lie of bare steel could be greatly enhanced by applying coatings. Thus began ``pipeline rehabilitation.`` Many of the older pipelines were exposed, evaluated, coated and returned to service. This procedure has reached new heights in recent years as coated pipelines of the twentieth century, having lived past their original design life, are now subject to coating failure. Many operator companies with pipelines thirty years or older are faced with ``replace or recondition.`` Considering the emphasis on cost restraints and environmental issues, replacing an existing pipeline is often not the best decision. Rehabilitation is a preferred solution for many operators.

Reeves, C.R. [Tapecoat Co., Evanston, IL (United States)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

202

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Links to U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Links Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Links to U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Information - The links below will either direct the user to a narrative describing the system, a pipeline system map, a FERC prescribed "Informational Postings" page, or a FERC Tariff Sheet. Pipeline Name Type of System Regions of Operations Acadian Gas Pipeline System Intrastate Southwest Algonquin Gas Transmission Co Interstate Northeast Alliance Pipeline Co Interstate Central, Midwest Anaconda Pipeline System Gathering Gulf of Mexico ANR Pipeline Co Interstate Midwest ANR Storage Co Interstate Midwest Arkansas Oklahoma Gas Co Intrastate Southwest Arkansas Western Pipeline Co Intrastate

203

Building Biochips: A Protein Production Pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Protein arrays are emerging as a practical format in which to study proteins in high-throughput using many of the same techniques as that of the DNA microarray. The key advantage to array-based methods for protein study is the potential for parallel analysis of thousands of samples in an automated, high-throughput fashion. Building protein arrays capable of this analysis capacity requires a robust expression and purification system capable of generating hundreds to thousands of purified recombinant proteins. We have developed a method to utilize LLNL-I.M.A.G.E. cDNAs to generate recombinant protein libraries using a baculovirus-insect cell expression system. We have used this strategy to produce proteins for analysis of protein/DNA and protein/protein interactions using protein microarrays in order to understand the complex interactions of proteins involved in homologous recombination and DNA repair. Using protein array techniques, a novel interaction between the DNA repair protein, Rad51B, and histones has been identified.

de Carvalho-Kavanagh, M; Albala, J S

2004-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

204

An Automatic Image Reduction Pipeline for the Advanced Camera for Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have written an automatic image processing pipeline for the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) Guaranteed Time Observation (GTO) program. The pipeline, known as Apsis, supports the different cameras available on the ACS instrument and is written in Python with a flexible object-oriented design that simplifies the incorporation of new pipeline modules. The processing steps include empirical determination of image offsets and rotation, cosmic ray rejection, image combination using the drizzle routine called via the STScI Pyraf package, object detection and photometry using SExtractor, and photometric redshift estimation in the event of multiple bandpasses. The products are encapsulated in XML markup for automated ingestion into the ACS Team archive.

Blakeslee, J P; Meurer, G R; Benítez, N; Magee, D

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

An Automatic Image Reduction Pipeline for the Advanced Camera for Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have written an automatic image processing pipeline for the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) Guaranteed Time Observation (GTO) program. The pipeline, known as Apsis, supports the different cameras available on the ACS instrument and is written in Python with a flexible object-oriented design that simplifies the incorporation of new pipeline modules. The processing steps include empirical determination of image offsets and rotation, cosmic ray rejection, image combination using the drizzle routine called via the STScI Pyraf package, object detection and photometry using SExtractor, and photometric redshift estimation in the event of multiple bandpasses. The products are encapsulated in XML markup for automated ingestion into the ACS Team archive.

J. P. Blakeslee; K. R. Anderson; G. R. Meurer; N. Benitez; D. Magee

2002-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

206

Numerical analysis of corroded pipeline segments revealed by In-Line Inspection tools  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents computation technology for numerical analysis of multiaxial non-linear stress state of the corroded pipeline segments. Developed computation technology along with the modern In-Line Inspection (ILI) tools gives an opportunity for the transport company experts to predict the high accuracy values of burst and safe maximum pressures of the corroded pipeline segments. It allows a decrease in accidents, to provide maximal economical effectiveness of technical inspection and repair of pipeline networks. Moreover, wide application of computation technology allows to make recommendations to the technical inspection tool companies for improvement of technical specifications of their products.

Vladimir V. Aleshin; Viatcheslav V. Kobyakov; Vadim E. Seleznev

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Workforce Pipeline | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Diversity Diversity Message from the Lab Director Diversity & Inclusion Advisory Council Workforce Pipeline Mentoring Leadership Development Policies & Practices Business Diversity Outreach & Education In the News High school workshop invites girls to explore STEM possibilities Daily Herald EcoCAR 2 competition drives auto engineers to excel Yuma (Ariz.) Sun Mississippi universities collaborate with national labs Mississippi Public Radio Workforce Pipeline Argonne seeks to attract, hire and retain a diverse set of talent in order to meet the laboratory's mission of excellence in science, engineering and technology. In order for Argonne to continue to carry out world-class science, the lab needs to seek out the best talent. Today, that talent is increasingly diverse. Argonne fosters an environment that welcomes and values a diverse

208

BENCHMARKING EMERGING PIPELINE INSPECTION TECHNOLOGIES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies To Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) September 2004 Final Report on Benchmarking Emerging Pipeline Inspection Technologies Cofunded by Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) DE-AP26-04NT40361 and Department of Transportation Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) DTRS56-02-T-0002 (Milestone 7) by Stephanie A. Flamberg and Robert C. Gertler September 2004 BATTELLE 505 King Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43201-2693 Neither Battelle, nor any person acting on their behalf: (1) Makes any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the

209

Analytic prognostic for petrochemical pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelines tubes are part of vital mechanical systems largely used in petrochemical industries. They serve to transport natural gases or liquids. They are cylindrical tubes and are submitted to the risks of corrosion due to high PH concentrations of the transported liquids in addition to fatigue cracks due to the alternation of pressure-depression of gas along the time, initiating therefore in the tubes body micro-cracks that can propagate abruptly to lead to failure. The development of the prognostic process for such systems increases largely their performance and their availability, as well decreases the global cost of their missions. Therefore, this paper deals with a new prognostic approach to improve the performance of these pipelines. Only the first mode of crack, that is, the opening mode, is considered.

Abdo Abou Jaoude; Seifedine Kadry; Khaled El-Tawil; Hassan Noura; Mustapha Ouladsine

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

210

Capsule injection system for a hydraulic capsule pipelining system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An injection system for injecting capsules into a hydraulic capsule pipelining system, the pipelining system comprising a pipeline adapted for flow of a carrier liquid therethrough, and capsules adapted to be transported through the pipeline by the carrier liquid flowing through the pipeline. The injection system comprises a reservoir of carrier liquid, the pipeline extending within the reservoir and extending downstream out of the reservoir, and a magazine in the reservoir for holding capsules in a series, one above another, for injection into the pipeline in the reservoir. The magazine has a lower end in communication with the pipeline in the reservoir for delivery of capsules from the magazine into the pipeline.

Liu, Henry (Columbia, MO)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Questions and Issues on Hydrogen Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline Inventory Breakdown by gases 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 KM N2 2956 km O2 3447 km H2 1736 km CO/Syngas 61 km TOTAL 8200 km Pipeline Inventory 2004 Asie Pacific America Europe #12;Pipeline Christi 8" H2 Pipeline (1998) Originally built as crude oil gathering pipelines (1940-1950) ­ 140 miles

212

Alaskan Oil: Court Ruling Revives Canada Pipeline Issue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...48-inch hot oil pipeline-the largest ever-from...integrity of the pipeline from potential earthquakes...the pi,peline design. For their part...State-ment on the pipeline project would have...for a pipe-line crossing the federal domain...and its service road a right-of-way...

Luther J. Carter

1973-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

213

Pipeline incidents and emergency repair in the North Sea  

SciTech Connect

The failures of submarine pipelines in the North Sea, and the response of pipeline operators are first discussed. Against this background, the methods currently available for submarine pipeline repairs are reviewed. The Emergency Pipeline Repair Services available are described, and some future developments in the field of submarine pipeline repair are briefly outlined.

Wood, G.D.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Analysis of a glass fibre reinforced polyurethane composite repair system for corroded pipelines at elevated temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The present paper is concerned with the analysis of glass fibre reinforced polyurethane repair systems for metallic pipelines with localised corrosion damage that impair the serviceability. The main motivation for the study presented in this paper is the rehabilitation of corroded pipelines conveying produced water in offshore oil platforms. Although the operating pressure of these pipelines is not very high, the water temperature is between 60 and 90°C, which can be a major shortcoming for the use of polymeric material as repair systems. Tensile tests were performed to analyse the temperature dependence of a polyurethane pre-impregnated, bi-directional E-glass fibre composite. Burst tests were carried out to evaluate the performance of composite reinforcements applied to defects machined in pipeline test specimens. Preliminary ideas for a methodology to estimate the failure pressure of a reinforced specimen with arbitrary localised corrosion damage are presented.

H.S. da Costa Mattos; J.M.L. Reis; L.M. Paim; M.L. da Silva; F.C. Amorim; V.A. Perrut

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Western Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Western Region Western Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Western Region Overview | Transportation South | Transportation North | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Ten interstate and nine intrastate natural gas pipeline companies provide transportation services to and within the Western Region (Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington), the fewest number serving any region (see Table below). Slightly more than half the capacity entering the region is on natural gas pipeline systems that carry natural gas from the Rocky Mountain area and the Permian and San Juan basins. These latter systems enter the region at the New Mexico-Arizona and Nevada-Utah State lines. The rest of the capacity arrives on natural gas pipelines that access Canadian natural gas at the Idaho and Washington State border crossings with British Columbia, Canada.

216

10 - Lateral Buckling and Pipeline Walking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Lateral buckling of pipelines due to high pressure and high temperature (HPHT) may occur if the pipeline is exposed on the seabed, and upheaval buckling may occur if it is buried or constrained in a trench. Uncontrolled global buckling can cause excessive plastic deformation of the pipeline, which could lead to localized buckling collapse or cyclic fatigue failure during operation, if it is not properly managed. In this chapter, the principles of lateral buckling and pipeline walking are detailed, the Hobbs’s method is used to predicate the critical effective axial force for buckling. The limit state design of pipeline for lateral buckling is given. Then, mitigation methods, such as snake–lay, sleeper, and distributed buoyancy for lateral buckling and pile for pipeline walking are discussed.

Qiang Bai; Yong Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Protecting coatings vital to ensuring pipelines` longevity  

SciTech Connect

Today many old pipelines are being rehabilitated because of corrosion damage. A tremendous amount of time, personnel and money is invested to keep these old pipelines operating. The pipeline companies have created new departments to monitor their pipelines, one of which is the corrosion control group. This group is continuously looking for the next weak spot caused by corrosion that needs to be repaired in order to keep the pipeline from being shut down. As these groups discover the corrosion and research its cases, they have been able to teach us what not to do during pipeline construction so the coating will not be damaged. The paper discusses coating protection, types of coating protection, and choosing the best method.

Turnage, C. [Ozzie`s Pipeline Padder, Scottsdale, AZ (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Kinder Morgan Central Florida Pipeline Ethanol Project  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

KINDER MORGAN CENTRAL FLORIDA PIPELINE ETHANOL PROJECT ï‚· In December 2008, Kinder Morgan began transporting commercial batches of denatured ethanol along with gasoline shipments in its 16-inch Central Florida Pipeline (CFPL) from Tampa to Orlando, making CFPL the first transmarket gasoline pipeline in the United States to do so. The 16-inch pipeline previously only transported regular and premium gasoline. ï‚· Kinder Morgan invested approximately $10 million to modify the line for ethanol shipments which involved chemically cleaning the pipeline, replacing pipeline equipment that was incompatible with ethanol and expanding storage capacity at its Orlando terminal to handle ethanol shipments. ï‚· Kinder Morgan is responding to customer interest in ethanol blending. Our Florida

219

Anaesthetic machine pipeline inlet pressure gauges do not always measure pipeline pressure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Some anaesthetic gas machines have pipeline inlet pressure gauges which indicate the higher of either pipeline pressure, or machine circuit pressure (the ... specific circumstances lead to a delayed appreciation ...

Douglas B. Craig; John Longmuir

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Unsteady heat losses of underground pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Analytic expressions are presented for the unsteady temperature distribution of the ground and heat losses of an underground pipeline for an arbitrary...

B. L. Krivoshein; V. M. Agapkin

1977-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Pipelines and Underground Gas Storage (Iowa)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

These rules apply to intrastate transport of natural gas and other substances via pipeline, as well as underground gas storage facilities. The construction and operation of such infrastructure...

222

Modelling of Paraffin Wax in Oil Pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? As warm oil or condensate from the reservoir flow through a pipeline on the cold sea bottom, wax often precipitate and deposit on the… (more)

Siljuberg, Morten Kristoffer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Chapter 14 - Pipeline Testing and Precommissioning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From its fabrication to start-up, a pipeline system has to pass a series of tests. Some of these, such as the factory acceptance test (FAT), are done onshore at the fabrication yards with individual components. The FAT mainly consists of the inspection, testing, and reporting of the system according to the drawings, specifications, and requirements of the contract. Pipe sections must pass the FAT before they are accepted. Some of the tests, such as the pipeline hydrotest, are mainly done offshore with either a portion of the whole pipeline system or the whole pipeline system. The hydrotests are conducted to check the mechanical strength of the pipeline system and the integrity of the connections. The hydrotest is one of the pipeline precommissioning activities. Precommissioning is performed after the pipeline system is installed, and all the tie-ins are completed to assess the global integrity, qualify the system as ready for commissioning and start-up, confirm the safety to personnel and environment, and confirm the operational control of the pipeline system. This chapter covers the main activities associated with subsea pipeline testing and pre-commissioning.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Local Linear Learned Image Processing Pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The local linear learned (L3) algorithm is presented that simultaneously performs the demosaicking, denoising, and color transform calculations of an image processing pipeline for a...

Lansel, Steven; Wandell, Brian

225

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technologies and Systems Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Strategic Initiatives for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7- 8, 2003 U.S. Department of Energy Hydrogen, Fuel Cells,...

226

Optical Pipeline for Transport of Particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We developed an optical pipeline for laser-guiding particles in air using vortex beams. Transport of agglomerates of nanoparticles forward and backward between two optical traps...

Shvedov, Vladlen G; Rode, Andrei V; Izdebskaya, Yana V; Desyatnikov, Anton S; Krolikowski, Wieslaw Z; Kivshar, Yuri S

227

Shorting pipeline and jacket cathodic protection systems  

SciTech Connect

The benefits of shorting pipeline and jacket cathodic protection (CP) systems for the external protection of subsea pipelines based on data from operations in the Gulf of Mexico, Persian Gulf, North Sea, and Indonesia are discussed. Shorting, as opposed to traditional electrical isolation, is cost effective because CP surveys and future retrofits are greatly simplified. Jacket CP systems can provide protection of coated pipelines for distances much greater than normally anticipated. Some simple modeling of jacket/pipeline CP systems is used to illustrate the effect of various design parameters.

Thomason, W.H. (Conoco Inc., Ponca City, OK (United States)); Evans, S. (Conoco Inc., Houston, TX (United States)); Rippon, I.J. (Conoco Ltd., Aberdeen (United Kingdom)); Maurin, A.E. III (Conoco Inc., Lafayette, LA (United States))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Pipeline Safety Research, Development and Technology  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Replacing Hydrotesting? * Why hydro? What benefits? - Pressure & Spike Tests * Can ILI tools in concert with leak...

229

Adhesive technologies in repairing polyethylene pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Adhesive technologies for repairing polyethylene pipelines are considered taking into account the peculiarities ... the modified binder for application in the gluing repair technologies under consideration. It is...

V. F. Stroganov

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

External corrosion assessment in a LNG pipeline  

SciTech Connect

A 16 inch. diameter LNG pipeline which transports 54 MBPD between extraction and fractionation facilities located north-east of Venezuela, showed an accelerated external corrosion even though coating and cathodic protection had been used to protect it. A diagnosis of the external condition of the pipeline was addressed by matching the results obtained by using different techniques such as electromagnetic pigging, DC voltage gradient survey, close interval potential survey, soil classification and resistivity profiles along the pipeline. This paper discusses the factors evaluated to identify sections of the pipe where corrosion problems occurred under disbonded pipeline coating, which required immediate attention for coating rehabilitation.

Luciani, B.; Gutierrez, X. [Corpoven S.A., Caracas (Venezuela)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

231

Pipeline repair development in support of the Oman to India gas pipeline  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides a summary of development which has been conducted to date for the ultra deep, diverless pipeline repair system for the proposed Oman to India Gas Pipeline. The work has addressed critical development areas involving testing and/or prototype development of tools and procedures required to perform a diverless pipeline repair in water depths of up to 3,525 m.

Abadie, W.; Carlson, W.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Structural Genomics of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Minimal Organisms: Pipeline and Results Sung-Hou Kim*,~500 genes, respectively). Pipeline: To achieve our mission,determination. Over all pipeline schemes for the single-path

Kim, Sung-Hou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Global buckling behavior of submarine unburied pipelines under thermal stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Buckling of submarine pipelines under thermal stress is one of the most important problems to be considered in pipeline design. And pipeline with initial imperfections will easily undergo failure due to global buckling

Lin-ping Guo ???; Run Liu ??; Shu-wang Yan ???

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

A new versatile method for modelling geomagnetic induction in pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......geomagnetic induction in pipelines D. H. Boteler...2617 Anderson Road, Ottawa. E-mail...telluric currents in pipelines and creates fluctuations...being used at the design stage allowing...PSP variations on pipelines crossing or adjacent to......

D. H. Boteler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Supplementary Figure 1 SHAPE-MaP data analysis pipeline.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supplementary Figure 1 SHAPE-MaP data analysis pipeline. Outline of software pipeline that fully.1 GHz Intel Core i7 and 16 GB RAM). This strategy is implemented in the SHAPE-MaP Folding Pipeline

Cai, Long

236

Trenches Under The Pipeline: The Educational Trajectories of Chicano Male Continuation High School Students  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trenches Under The Pipeline: The Educational Trajectories ofnavigate the educational pipeline, continuation high school

Malagon, Maria

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

E-Print Network 3.0 - arctic gas pipeline Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

pipeline Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: arctic gas pipeline...

238

Addressing the workforce pipeline challenge  

SciTech Connect

A secure and affordable energy supply is essential for achieving U.S. national security, in continuing U.S. prosperity and in laying the foundations to enable future economic growth. To meet this goal the next generation energy workforce in the U.S., in particular those needed to support instrumentation, controls and advanced operations and maintenance, is a critical element. The workforce is aging and a new workforce pipeline, to support both current generation and new build has yet to be established. The paper reviews the challenges and some actions being taken to address this need.

Leonard Bond; Kevin Kostelnik; Richard Holman

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Addressing the workforce pipeline challenge  

SciTech Connect

A secure and affordable energy supply is essential for achieving U.S. national security, in continuing U.S. prosperity and in laying the foundations to enable future economic growth. To meet this goal the next generation energy workforce in the U.S., in particular those needed to support instrumentation, controls and advanced operations and maintenance, is a critical element. The workforce is aging and a new workforce pipeline, to support both current generation and new build has yet to be established. The paper reviews the challenges and some actions being taken to address this need. (authors)

Bond, L.; Kostelnik, K.; Holman, R. [Idaho National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1625, Idaho Falls, ID 83415-3898 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2005 Hydrogen Pipeline 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2005 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2007 Hydrogen Pipeline 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop to someone by E-mail Share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Facebook Tweet about Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Twitter Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Google Bookmark Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Delicious Rank Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on Digg Find More places to share Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop on AddThis.com... Publications Program Publications Technical Publications Educational Publications Newsletter Program Presentations

242

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Permeability and Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines Z. Feng*, L.M. Anovitz*, J.G. Blencoe*, S. Babu*, and P. S. Korinko** * Oak Ridge National Laboratory * Savannah River National Laboratory August 30, 2005 2 OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY U. S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Partners and Collaborators * Oak Ridge National Laboratory - Project lead * Savannah River National Laboratory - Low H 2 pressure permeation test * Edison Welding Institute - Pipeline materials * Lincoln Electric Company - Welding electrode and weld materials for pipelines * Trans Canada - Commercial welding of pipelines and industry expectations * DOE Pipeline Working Group and Tech Team activities - FRP Hydrogen Pipelines - Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines - Natural Gas Pipelines for Hydrogen Use

243

Report to Congress: Dedicated Ethanol Pipeline Feasability Study...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Report to Congress: Dedicated Ethanol Pipeline Feasability Study - Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 Section 243 Report to Congress: Dedicated Ethanol Pipeline...

244

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

"Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States" Report Now Available "Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...

245

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Overview and Links  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Overview and Links About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates Regional Overviews and Links to Pipeline...

246

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials for Hydrogen Science Presentation by 04-Adams to DOE Hydrogen...

247

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the Northeast United States - November 2013 Assessment of the Adequacy of Natural Gas Pipeline Capacity in the...

248

Price of Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Price of Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

249

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

of hydrogen permeation behavior and its impact on hydrogen embrittlement of pipeline steels under high gaseous pressures relevant to hydrogen gas transmission pipeline...

250

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group...

251

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems- Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen. Design and operations standards and materials for hydrogen and natural gas pipelines.

252

DC stray current mitigation for natural gas pipeline adjacent to aluminum manufacturing facility  

SciTech Connect

The production of aluminum can produce large dynamic stray currents in the earth surrounding the production plant. When coated pipelines that are not grounded pass through the dynamic stray current area, they can realize failures at accelerated rates, even with traditional cathodic protection systems in operation. This article tracks a coated 20-in. (51-cm) natural gas pipeline installed near an aluminum production facility and the stray current mitigation design installed to overcome the accelerated failure problem. Other types of stray current mitigation have been attempted in this same area without similar success.

Maxwell, J.L.

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Cleaning the Valhall offshore oil pipeline  

SciTech Connect

Severe wax deposits built up in the 20-in. (500-mm) Valhall subsea crude oil pipeline over a period of years. The successful program to remove these deposits gradually but completely with a series of foam and mechanical pigs is described, including details on equipment and procedures. The unique risks and difficulties associated with solids removal in offshore pipelines are discussed.

Marshall, G.R. (Amoco Norway Oil Co. (NO))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Central Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Central Region Central Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Central Region Overview | Domestic Gas | Exports | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-two interstate and at least thirteen intrastate natural gas pipeline companies (see Table below) operate in the Central Region (Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming). Twelve interstate natural gas pipeline systems enter the region from the south and east while four enter from the north carrying Canadian supplies. The average utilization rates on those shipping Canadian natural gas tend to be higher than those carrying domestic supplies.

255

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline System - Southeast Region  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Southeast Region Southeast Region About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Pipelines in the Southeast Region Overview | Transportation to Atlantic & Gulf States | Gulf of Mexico Transportation Corridor | Transportation to the Northern Tier | Regional Pipeline Companies & Links Overview Twenty-three interstate, and at least eight intrastate, natural gas pipeline companies operate within the Southeast Region (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee). Fifteen of the twenty-one interstate natural gas pipelines originate in the Southwest Region and receive most of their supplies from the Gulf of Mexico or from the States of Texas and/or Louisiana.

256

Encirclement sleeves reduce pipeline repair costs  

SciTech Connect

Welded sleeve, or replacement of line repair methods have been used successfully for many years in the pipeline industry but can lead to other difficulties for a pipeline operator. Clock Spring`s composite sleeves have been used in over ten thousand pipeline repairs with pipe sizes ranging from 6- to 56-inches in diameter, all without costly shutdown, welding or purging. Repairs can be completed while the pipeline is fully operational and require only six inches of clearance under the pipe for wrapping the eight thicknesses of the coil. This minimizes costly digging and backfilling over long runs of pipe and necessary shoring for personnel safety. Also it provides a more cost-effective alterative to conventional pipeline repair since special handling, lifting, or installation equipment is not needed. This paper reviews the installation and performance of these sleeves.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Play Analysis and Digital Portfolio of Major Oil Reservoirs in the Permian Basin: Application and Transfer of Advanced Geological and Engineering Technologies for Incremental Production Opportunities  

SciTech Connect

A play portfolio is being constructed for the Permian Basin in west Texas and southeast New Mexico, the largest onshore petroleum-producing basin in the United States. Approximately 1,300 reservoirs in the Permian Basin have been identified as having cumulative production greater than 1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000. Of these significant-sized reservoirs, approximately 1,000 are in Texas and 300 in New Mexico. There are 32 geologic plays that have been defined for Permian Basin oil reservoirs, and each of the 1,300 major reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. The final reservoir shapefile for each play contains the geographic location of each reservoir. Associated reservoir information within the linked data tables includes RRC reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are smaller than 1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production of >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl [5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]). Detailed studies of three reservoirs are in progress: Kelly-Snyder (SACROC unit) in the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play, Fullerton in the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play, and Barnhart (Ellenburger) in the Ellenburger Selectively Dolomitized Ramp Carbonate play. For each of these detailed reservoir studies, technologies for further, economically viable exploitation are being investigated.

Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

2004-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

258

Microsoft PowerPoint - Coatings for Co-sequestration Processes and Pipelines MOD 2-24-2011.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3/2011 3/2011 1 Coatings for Co-sequestration Processes and Pipelines Prof. Gordon Bierwagen, PI Gordon.Bierwagen@ndsu.edu Dr. Ing. Dante Battochi, Scientist Yaping Huang, Graduate Research Asst. 1 Outline 1. Motivation and Scope 2. Introduction 3. Experiments and Discussions 4. Conclusions 5. Future Experiments 2 3/3/2011 2 Major Issues of Project * Treating Materials of SCCO2 Processing as a source of risk and SCCO2 release as well as the storage processes - pipeline failures are inevitable * Determining approximate range of compositions of dSCCO2 resulting from Co-Sequestration Processes as they effect pipeline corrosions & integrity - Weyburn Project will be major source of field data * Determining Polymers resistant to such compositions, especially the dSCCO2 * Designing prototype interior pipeline organic

259

Design Techniques for High Speed Low Voltage and Low Power Non-Calibrated Pipeline Analog to Digital Converters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESIGN TECHNIQUES FOR HIGH SPEED LOW VOLTAGE AND LOW POWER NON-CALIBRATED PIPELINE ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS A Dissertation by RIDA SHAWKY ASSAAD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University... in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering DESIGN TECHNIQUES FOR HIGH SPEED LOW VOLTAGE AND LOW POWER NON-CALIBRATED PIPELINE ANALOG TO DIGITAL...

Assaad, Rida Shawky

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

260

Internal corrosion control and monitoring of deep-water pipeline systems  

SciTech Connect

Of the reported pipeline failures in the Gulf of Mexico from 1967--1987, approximately 7.5% are a result of internal corrosion. Pipeline corrosion can lead to catastrophic failure causing loss of life, environmental damage, equipment damage and loss of production. Pipeline external corrosion and its prevention and monitoring has long been understood. However, internal corrosion monitoring and its prevention has, in some cases, been over looked. With recent efforts to reduce costs and extend working life in subsea deep water environments, the detection and prevention of pipeline internal corrosion is an important consideration. Conditions at deep water depths (1,000 ft plus) pose challenging, costly obstacles for repair and maintenance. Because of the high cost, any repair to deep water pipelines is generally not acceptable. However, detection and prevention methods exist that can be employed from the surface to minimize the expense. For these reasons, it is important to establish routine programs to control and monitor the rate of internal corrosion in the pipeline over its service lifetime.

Hill, R.T.; Boyd, A.B.; Mason, P.; Coates, B. [Aker Omega, Houston, TX (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Coating disbondment leads causes of external pipeline corrosion  

SciTech Connect

Internal corrosion has proved the most persistent corrosion problem on the approximately 670 miles of pipelines operated since 1959 by Elf Gabon. Causes include the presence of CO{sub 2} in polyphasic lines, residual oxygen and sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in water-injection lines, and bacterial corrosion in crude-oil lines. External corrosion has been less troublesome, caused either by atmospheric marine exposure with frequent wetting or by disbonded coatings on buried lines. These were the major conclusions of a review conducted by the company and presented here in two parts. This article focuses on external corrosion.

Roche, M. (Societe Nationale Elf-Aquitaine (France))

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Hydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Pipelines Hydrogen embrittlement What is the relevance to hydrogen pipelines? ORNL researchHydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines Team: Sudarsanam Suresh Babu, Z Pressure Permeation Testing) Hydrogen Pipeline R&D, Project Review Meeting Oak Ridge National Laboratory

263

Evaluation of Natural Gas Pipeline Materials and Infrastructure for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

South Carolina Electric and Gas University of South Carolina Praxair Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group

264

ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION The Physician-Scientist Career Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION The Physician-Scientist Career Pipeline in 2005 Build It, and They Will Come, the pipeline of physician- scientists has a serious problem, first de- scribed more than a generation ago.2-scientist career pipeline. Design We assessed recent trends in the physician-scientist career pipeline using data

Oliver, Douglas L.

265

Reference: RGL 84-07 Subject: MAPPING PIPELINES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reference: RGL 84-07 Subject: MAPPING PIPELINES Title: CHARTING OF PIPELINES AND CABLES Issued: 05/01/84 Expires: 12/31/86 Originator: DAEN-CWO-N Description: REQUIRES MAPPING OF PIPELINE CROSSINGS ON NAUTICAL and pipeline crossings on nautical charts published by the Government. This policy is contained in 33 CFR 209

US Army Corps of Engineers

266

Pipelined Memory Controllers for DSP Applications Handling Unpredictable Data Accesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelined Memory Controllers for DSP Applications Handling Unpredictable Data Accesses Bertrand Le pipelined memory access controllers can be generated improving the pipeline access mode to RAM. We focus as unpredictable ones (dynamic address computations) in a pipeline way. 1 Introduction Actual researches

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Pipelined FPGA Adders LIP Research Report RR2010-16  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelined FPGA Adders LIP Research Report RR2010-16 Florent de Dinechin, Hong Diep Nguyen, Bogdan and frequency for pipelined large-precision adders on FPGA. It compares three pipelined adder architectures: the classical pipelined ripple-carry adder, a variation that reduces register count, and an FPGA- specific

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

268

A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A moving horizon solution to the gas pipeline optimization problem EWO MEETING, Fall 2010 Ajit Gopalakrishnan Advisor: L. T. Biegler #12;Background: Gas pipeline optimization 2 Gas pipeline networks optimization Load forecast Weather, load history Controller #12;Pipeline modeling [Baumrucker & Biegler, 09

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

269

PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES  

SciTech Connect

A play portfolio is being constructed for the Permian Basin in west Texas and southeast New Mexico, the largest petroleum-producing basin in the US. Approximately 1300 reservoirs in the Permian Basin have been identified as having cumulative production greater than 1 MMbbl of oil through 2000. Of these major reservoirs, approximately 1,000 are in Texas and 300 in New Mexico. On a preliminary basis, 32 geologic plays have been defined for Permian Basin oil reservoirs and assignment of each of the 1300 major reservoirs to a play has begun. The reservoirs are being mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Detailed studies of three reservoirs are in progress: Kelly-Snyder (SACROC unit) in the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play, Fullerton in the Leonardian Restricted Platform Carbonate play, and Barnhart (Ellenburger) in the Ellenburger Selectively Dolomitized Ramp Carbonate play. For each of these detailed reservoir studies, technologies for further, economically viable exploitation are being investigated.

Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; William Raatz; Cari Breton; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans; Mark H. Holtz

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

The pipeline and valve location problem  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper, proposes an exact algorithm for the problem of locating a pipeline between two points of a network, as well as a set of safety valves which help control the damage caused by possible spills along the pipeline. A labelling approach is developed to determine simultaneously the optimal pipeline and valve locations, with the objective of optimising an impact measure that depends on the average number of accidents and their cost. Computational experiments on grid and random instances are presented in order to evaluate the algorithm's performance and to compare its results to the solutions provided by sequential approaches. [Received 11 May 2010; Revised 10 October 2010; Accepted 21 November 2010

Gilbert Laporte; Marta M.B. Pascoal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Chapter 14 - Pipeline Flow Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Risk assessment is the process of assessing risks and factors influencing the level of safety of a project. It involves researching how hazardous events or states develop and interact to cause an accident. The risk assessment effort should be tailored to the level and source of technical risk involved with the project and the project stage being considered. The assessment of technical risk will take different forms in different stages of the project. Pipeline flow risk mainly includes fluid leakage and blockage happening in the pipelines. This chapter describes the application of Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) for the blockage in the oil and gas pipelines.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Chapter Two - Pipeline Defects and Corrective Actions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract One important part of pipeline integrity management activity encompasses the repair and maintenance of anomalies by the maintenance crew. In addition to the advanced inspection tools, knowledge of pipeline defects and how to conduct both immediate and scheduled repairs is of critical importance. The pipeline industry had used the ASME B31G criteria to evaluate corroded pipe for removal or repair. However, there was a need to establish a new approach. The modified criteria were therefore established with the objective to reduce excess conservatism without creating an unsafe condition.

Ramesh Singh

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Regulation changes create opportunities for pipeline manufacturers  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Transportation`s (DOT) Research and Special Programs Administration (RSPA) is proposing to change its safety standards for the repair of corroded or damaged steel pipe in gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. For pipeline operators, the expected revisions will allow new flexibility in approaches to pipeline repair. Less costly and less disruptive procedures will be acceptable. For manufacturers, the changes will open opportunities for development of corrosion repair technology. A highly competitive market in new repair technology can be expected to arise. Current regulations, new technologies, and proposed safety standards are described.

Santon, J.

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Cathodic protection retrofit of an offshore pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The cathodic protection anodes and corrosion coating on two 8-inch (203.2 mm) outside diameter (O.D.) offshore pipelines were damaged during deep water ({minus}380 feet, {minus}116 m) installation. In-situ methods for deep water inspection and repair of the pipelines` cathodic protection and coating systems were developed and performed. Methods are described in which underwater anode retrofits were performed and friction welding technology was used to re-attach anode leads. Standard procedures for underwater pipeline coating repair and remediation of damaged line pipe are provided.

Winters, R.H.; Holk, A.C. [Tenneco Energy, Houston, TX (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Wettability of Petroleum Pipelines: Influence of Crude Oil and Pipeline Material in Relation to Hydrate Deposition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wettability of Petroleum Pipelines: Influence of Crude Oil and Pipeline Material in Relation to Hydrate Deposition ... In the present work, various solid surfaces and crude oils have been used to study the effect of material and crude oil composition on the wettability of pipeline-mimicking surfaces. ... A procedure for evaluation of the plugging potential and for identification and extn. of naturally hydrate inhibiting components in crude petroleums was presented. ...

Guro Aspenes; Sylvi Høiland; Anna E. Borgund; Tanja Barth

2009-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

276

Pipeline Morphing and Virtual Pipelines W. Luk, N. Shirazi, S.R. Guo and P.Y.K. Cheung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline Morphing and Virtual Pipelines W. Luk, N. Shirazi, S.R. Guo and P.Y.K. Cheung Department of Computing, Imperial College, 180 Queen's Gate, London SW7 2BZ, UK Abstract. Pipeline morphing is a simple but e ective technique for re- con guring pipelined FPGA designs at run time. By overlapping com

Cheung, Peter Y. K.

277

Statistical Modeling of Pipeline Delay and Design of Pipeline under Process Variation to Enhance Yield in sub-100nm Technologies*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Statistical Modeling of Pipeline Delay and Design of Pipeline under Process Variation to Enhance), Intel Corp. and Semiconductor Research Corp. (SRC). Abstract Operating frequency of a pipelined circuit is determined by the delay of the slowest pipeline stage. However, under statistical delay variation in sub-100

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

278

Compression station key to Texas pipeline project  

SciTech Connect

This was probably the largest pipeline project in the US last year, and the largest in Texas in the last decade. The new compressor station is a key element in this project. TECO, its servicing dealer, and compression packager worked closely throughout the planning and installation stages of the project. To handle the amount of gas required, TECO selected the GEMINI F604-1 compressor, a four-throw, single-stage unit with a six-inch stroke manufactured by Weatherford Enterra Compression Co. (WECC) in Corpus Christi, TX. TECO also chose WECC to package the compressors. Responsibility for ongoing support of the units will be shared among TECO, the service dealer and the packager. TECO is sending people to be trained by WECC, and because the G3600 family of engines is still relatively new, both the Caterpillar dealer and WECC sent people for advanced training at Caterpillar facilities in Peoria, IL. As part of its service commitment to TECO, the servicing dealer drew up a detailed product support plan, encompassing these five concerns: Training, tooling; parts support; service support; and commissioning.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

The glass pipeline: increasing supply chain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Based upon a year-long project carried out at a UK luxury carmaker, this paper argues for a supply chain where upstream synchronisation is improved by the use of primary demand to calculate second and third-tier component requirements. The paper formulates a case for further developments to the established automotive ''sequenced'' supply model, where synchronised and lean first tiers are frequently supplied by lower tiers that carry higher stock levels, and whose production patterns bear little relationship to primary demand. The proposed development aims to enhance synchronisation of the lower portion of the chain that is outside the reach of full ''sequenced'' supply, but, within the time horizon of the vehicle manufacturers firm build schedule. This ''synchronised'' portion of the chain is achieved through increased information transparency, and hence the term ''glass pipeline'' has been used as a label for the proposed model. A case study illustration of the concept is presented, and a prototype is tested with a series of trials across a four-tier supply chain. A method for measuring synchronisation is developed, and associated business benefits are calculated in order to evaluate the model.

Julian Coleman; Andrew Lyons; Dennis Kehoe

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

ACS calibration pipeline testing: error propagation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 ACS calibration pipeline testing: error propagation Doug Van Orsow, Max Mutchler, Warren Hack files (see ISRs 99-03 "CALACS Operation and Implementation" by Hack and 99-04 "ACS calibra- tion

Sirianni, Marco

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

On-the-fly pipeline parallelism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline parallelism organizes a parallel program as a linear sequence of s stages. Each stage processes elements of a data stream, passing each processed data element to the next stage, and then taking on a new element ...

Lee, I-Ting Angelina

282

BALBES: a molecular-replacement pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The fully automated pipeline, BALBES, integrates a redesigned hierarchical database of protein structures with their domains and multimeric organization, and solves molecular-replacement problems using only input X-ray and sequence data.

Long, F.

2007-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

283

Experience with pipelined multiple instruction streams  

SciTech Connect

Pipelining has been used to implement efficient, high-speed vector computers. It is also an effective method for implementing multiprocessors. The Heterogeneous Element Processor (HEP) built by Denelcor Incorporated is the first commercially available computer system to use pipelining to implement multiple processes. This paper introduces the architecture and programming environment of the HEP and surveys a range of scientific applications programs for which parallel versions have been produced, tested, and analyzed on this computer. In all cases, the ideal of one instruction completion every pipeline step time is closely approached. Speed limitations in the parallel programs are more often a result of the extra code necessary to ensure synchronization than of actual synchronization lockout at execution time. The pipelined multiple instruction stream architecture is shown to cover a wide range of applications with good utilization of the parallel hardware.

Jordon, H.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Intelligent pigging of pipelines: A turnkey approach  

SciTech Connect

The international pipeline systems are growing in age and some installations have already been in operation beyond the service life they had originally been designed for. It is therefore of ever increasing importance that pipeline operators are provided with the means to accurately and reliably inspect their pipelines and obtain the information needed for decision making regarding safe operation, rehabilitation and repair. This paper will introduce the concept of bundled services for pipeline-inspection and -maintenance, ranging from pre-inspection engineering, cleaning, gauging, on-line inspection through to analysis of data, interpretation, advice on action plans including aspects of maintenance, rehabilitation and repair. Special attention will be given to an assessment of the latest developments in on-line inspection tools for metal loss- and crack-detection and the type of information that can be obtained and consequently used for integrity assessment and fitness for purpose analysis.

Beller, M. [Pipetronix GmbH, Stutensee (Germany); Hettrich, U. [Hettrich Consulting, Munich (Germany)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Review of Gas Transmission Pipeline Repair Methods  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Repair methods are key operations for the integrity management of pipelines. The parameters guiding the repair decision are briefly reminded. A nonexhaustive external and internal repair techniques are described,...

Remi Batisse

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Exploiting level sensitive latches in wire pipelining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The present research presents procedures for exploitation of level sensitive latches in wire pipelining. The user gives a Steiner tree, having a signal source and set of destination or sinks, and the location in rectangular plane, capacitive load...

Seth, Vikram

2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

287

A Dredging Knowledge-Base Expert System for Pipeline Dredges with Comparison to Field Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A DREDGING KNOWLEDGE{BASE EXPERT SYSTEM FOR PIPELINE DREDGES WITH COMPARISON TO FIELD DATA A Dissertation by DEREK ALAN WILSON Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial ful llment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2010 Major Subject: Ocean Engineering A DREDGING KNOWLEDGE{BASE EXPERT SYSTEM FOR PIPELINE DREDGES WITH COMPARISON TO FIELD DATA A Dissertation by DEREK ALAN WILSON Submitted to the O ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

Wilson, Derek Alan

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

288

Computer Systems to Oil Pipeline Transporting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computer systems in the pipeline oil transporting that the greatest amount of data can be gathered, analyzed and acted upon in the shortest amount of time. Most operators now have some form of computer based monitoring system employing either commercially available or custom developed software to run the system. This paper presented the SCADA systems to oil pipeline in concordance to the Romanian environmental reglementations.

Chis, Timur

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Seadrift/UCAR pipelines achieve ISO registration  

SciTech Connect

Proper meter station design using gas orifice meters must include consideration of a number of factors to obtain the best accuracy available. This paper reports that Union Carbide's Seadrift/UCAR Pipelines has become the world's first cross-country pipelines to comply with the International Standards Organization's quality criteria for transportation and distribution of ethylene. Carbide's organization in North America and Europe, with 22 of the corporation's businesses having the internationally accepted quality system accredited by a third-party registrar.

Arrieta, J.R.; Byrom, J.A.; Gasko, H.M. (Carbide Corp., Danbury, CT (United States))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Pipeline integrity programs help optimize resources  

SciTech Connect

Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America has developed an integrity program. NGPL operates approximately 13,000 miles of large-diameter parallel gas pipelines, which extend from traditional supply areas to the Chicago area. Line Number 1, the 24-in. Amarillo-to-Chicago mainline, was built in 1931, and parts of it are still in operation today. More than 85% of the NGPL systems is more than 25 years old, and continues to provide very reliable service. The company operated for many years with specialized crews dedicated to pipeline systems, and a corrosion department. Under this organization, employees developed an intimate knowledge of the pipeline and related integrity issues. NGPL relied on this knowledge to develop its integrity program. The risk assessment program is a very valuable tool for identifying areas that may need remedial work. However, it is composed of many subjective evaluations and cannot predict failure nor ensure good performance. The program is an excellent data management tool that enables a pipeline operator to combine all available information needed to make integrity decisions. The integrity of a pipeline is continually changing, and any program should be updated on a regular basis.

Dusek, P.J. (Natural Gas Pipeline Co. of America, Lombard, IL (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Stuck in the Pipeline: A Critical Review of STEM Workforce Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and science careers: Leaky pipeline or gender filter? GenderL. (2006). Expanding the pipeline: Transforming the cultureThe incredible shrinking pipeline. Inroads: SIGCE Bulletin,

Metcalf, Heather

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

GenePRIMP: A GENE PRediction IMprovement Pipeline for Prokaryotic genomes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRediction IMprovement Pipeline for Amrita Pati 1 , NataliaGene Prediction IMprovement Pipeline, http://geneprimp.jgi-based post-processing pipeline that identifies erroneously

Pati, Amrita

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Applications of the Pipeline Environment for Visual Informatics and Genomics Computations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. : Applications of the pipeline environment for visualusing the LONI pipeline. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 2010,Access Applications of the pipeline environment for visual

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Applications of the pipeline environment for visual informatics and genomics computations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et al. : Applications of the pipeline environment for visualusing the LONI pipeline. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics 2010,Access Applications of the pipeline environment for visual

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Rnnotator: an automated de novo transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq reads  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transcriptome assembly pipeline from stranded RNA-Seq readsRnnotator assembly pipeline. Figure 2. Read dereplicationan automated software pipeline that generates transcript

Martin, Jeffrey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

E-Print Network 3.0 - argentinian pipeline enlargement Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and that our pipelines will not be damaged. NGT&S would like... of pipelines, pipeline facilities and utilities Any crossing of ... Source: Wynne, Randolph H. -...

297

E-Print Network 3.0 - areas osbra pipeline Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and Performance through Organized Pipeline... both the pipeline registers and the pipeline stage combinational ... Source: Iowa State University, Department of Electrical...

298

Overview of the design, construction, and operation of interstate liquid petroleum pipelines.  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. liquid petroleum pipeline industry is large, diverse, and vital to the nation's economy. Comprised of approximately 200,000 miles of pipe in all fifty states, liquid petroleum pipelines carried more than 40 million barrels per day, or 4 trillion barrel-miles, of crude oil and refined products during 2001. That represents about 17% of all freight transported in the United States, yet the cost of doing so amounted to only 2% of the nation's freight bill. Approximately 66% of domestic petroleum transport (by ton-mile) occurs by pipeline, with marine movements accounting for 28% and rail and truck transport making up the balance. In 2004, the movement of crude petroleum by domestic federally regulated pipelines amounted to 599.6 billion tonmiles, while that of petroleum products amounted to 315.9 billion ton-miles (AOPL 2006). As an illustration of the low cost of pipeline transportation, the cost to move a barrel of gasoline from Houston, Texas, to New York Harbor is only 3 cents per gallon, which is a small fraction of the cost of gasoline to consumers. Pipelines may be small or large, up to 48 inches in diameter. Nearly all of the mainline pipe is buried, but other pipeline components such as pump stations are above ground. Some lines are as short as a mile, while others may extend 1,000 miles or more. Some are very simple, connecting a single source to a single destination, while others are very complex, having many sources, destinations, and interconnections. Many pipelines cross one or more state boundaries (interstate), while some are located within a single state (intrastate), and still others operate on the Outer Continental Shelf and may or may not extend into one or more states. U.S. pipelines are located in coastal plains, deserts, Arctic tundra, mountains, and more than a mile beneath the water's surface of the Gulf of Mexico (Rabinow 2004; AOPL 2006). The network of crude oil pipelines in the United States is extensive. There are approximately 55,000 miles of crude oil trunk lines (usually 8 to 24 inches in diameter) in the United States that connect regional markets. The United States also has an estimated 30,000 to 40,000 miles of small gathering lines (usually 2 to 6 inches in diameter) located primarily in Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Wyoming, with small systems in a number of other oil producing states. These small lines gather the oil from many wells, both onshore and offshore, and connect to larger trunk lines measuring 8 to 24 inches in diameter. There are approximately 95,000 miles of refined products pipelines nationwide. Refined products pipelines are found in almost every state in the United States, with the exception of some New England states. These refined product pipelines vary in size from relatively small, 8- to 12-inch-diameter lines, to up to 42 inches in diameter. The overview of pipeline design, installation, and operation provided in the following sections is only a cursory treatment. Readers interested in more detailed discussions are invited to consult the myriad engineering publications available that provide such details. The two primary publications on which the following discussions are based are: Oil and Gas Pipeline Fundamentals (Kennedy 1993) and the Pipeline Rules of Thumb Handbook (McAllister 2002). Both are recommended references for additional reading for those requiring additional details. Websites maintained by various pipeline operators also can provide much useful information, as well as links to other sources of information. In particular, the website maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy's Energy Information Administration (EIA) (http://www.eia.doe.gov) is recommended. An excellent bibliography on pipeline standards and practices, including special considerations for pipelines in Arctic climates, has been published jointly by librarians for the Alyeska Pipeline Service Company (operators of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System [TAPS]) and the Geophysical Institute/International Arctic Research Center, both located in Fairbanks (Barboza and Trebelhorn 2001)

Pharris, T. C.; Kolpa, R. L.

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

299

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network:  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Additions in 2008 and Projects through 2011 This report examines new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2008. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2009 and 2011, and the market factors supporting these initiatives. Questions or comments on this article should be directed to Damien Gaul at damien.gaul@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-2073. Robust construction of natural gas infrastructure in 2008 resulted in the completion of 84 pipeline projects in the lower 48 States, adding close to 4,000 miles of natural gas pipeline. These completions of new natural gas pipelines and expansions of existing pipelines in the United States

300

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MICROBIAL INHIBITOR TO CONTROL INTERNAL PIPELINE CORROSION  

SciTech Connect

The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. Previous testing indicated that the growth, and the metal corrosion caused by pure cultures of sulfate reducing bacteria were inhibited by hexane extracts of some pepper plants. This quarter tests were performed to determine if chemical compounds other than pepper extracts could inhibit the growth of corrosion-associated microbes and to determine if pepper extracts and other compounds can inhibit corrosion when mature biofilms are present. Several chemical compounds were shown to be capable of inhibiting the growth of corrosion-associated microorganisms, and all of these compounds limited the amount of corrosion caused by mature biofilms to a similar extent. It is difficult to control corrosion caused by mature biofilms, but any compound that disrupts the metabolism of any of the major microbial groups present in corrosion-associated biofilms shows promise in limiting the amount/rate of corrosion.

Bill W. Bogan; Brigid M. Lamb; John J. Kilbane II

2004-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Natural Gas Imports/Exports Pipelines  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pipelines Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Natural Gas Import/Export Pipelines As of the close of 2008 the United States has 58 locations where natural gas can be exported or imported. 24 locations are for imports only 18 locations are for exports only 13 locations are for both imports and exports 8 locations are liquefied natural gas (LNG) import facilities Imported natural gas in 2007 represented almost 16 percent of the gas consumed in the United States annually, compared with 11 percent just 12 years ago. Forty-eight natural gas pipelines, representing approximately 28 billion cubic feet (Bcf) per day of capacity, import and export natural gas between the United States and Canada or Mexico.

302

Ultra Low-Cost Defect Protection for Microprocessor Pipelines Smitha Shyam Kypros Constantinides Sujay Phadke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-increasing incidence of antibiotic-resistant infections combined with a weak pipeline of new antibiotics has created in cell death when the level of ROS exceeds an organism's detoxification and repair capabilities. Despite: (i) amplification of endogenous ROS production and (ii) impairment of detoxification and repair

Bertacco, Valeria

303

Innovative Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers: Rotating Permanent Magnet Inspection  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they may encounter. To facilitate inspection of these ''unpiggable'' pipelines, recent inspection development efforts have focused on a new generation of powered inspection platforms that are able to crawl slowly inside a pipeline and can maneuver past the physical barriers that limit internal inspection applicability, such as bore restrictions, low product flow rate, and low pressure. The first step in this research was to review existing inspection technologies for applicability and compatibility with crawler systems. Most existing inspection technologies, including magnetic flux leakage and ultrasonic methods, had significant implementation limitations including mass, physical size, inspection energy coupling requirements and technology maturity. The remote field technique was the most promising but power consumption was high and anomaly signals were low requiring sensitive detectors and electronics. After reviewing each inspection technology, it was decided to investigate the potential for a new inspection method. The new inspection method takes advantage of advances in permanent magnet strength, along with their wide availability and low cost. Called rotating permanent magnet inspection (RPMI), this patent pending technology employs pairs of permanent magnets rotating around the central axis of a cylinder to induce high current densities in the material under inspection. Anomalies and wall thickness variations are detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. This inspection method is an alternative to the common concentric coil remote field technique that induces low-frequency eddy currents in ferromagnetic pipes and tubes. Since this is a new inspection method, both theory and experiment were used to determine fundamental capabilities and limitations. Fundamental finite element modeling analysis and experimental investigations performed during this development have led to the derivation of a first order analytical equation for designing rotating magnetizers to induce current and positioning sensors to record signals from anomalies. Experimental results confirm the analytical equation and the finite element calculations provide a firm basis for the design of RPMI systems. Experimental results have shown that metal loss anomalies and wall thickness variations can be detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. The design exploits the phenomenon that circumferential currents are easily detectable at distances well away from the magnets. Current changes at anomalies were detectable with commercial low cost Hall Effect sensors. Commercial analog to digital converters can be used to measure the sensor output and data analysis can be performed in real time using PC computer systems. The technology was successfully demonstrated during two blind benchmark tests where numerous metal loss defects were detected. For this inspection technology, the detection threshold is a function of wall thickness and corrosion depth. For thinner materials, the detection threshold was experimentally shown to be comparable to magnetic flux leakage. For wall thicknesses greater than three tenths of an inch, the detection threshold increases with wall thickness. The potential for metal loss anomaly sizing was demonstrated in the second benchmarking study, again with accuracy comparable to existing magnetic flux leakage technologies. The rotating permanent magnet system has the potential for inspecting unpiggable pipelines since the magnetizer configurations can be sufficiently small with respect to the bore of the pipe to pass obstructions that limit the application of many i

J. Bruce Nestleroth; Richard J. Davis; Stephanie Flamberg

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

304

Application of composite repair for pipeline anomalies  

SciTech Connect

The cost of maintaining the structural integrity of the 650,000 kilometer high-pressure gas gathering and transmission pipeline network is a significant part of the operating budget of the US pipeline industry. To help in controlling thee costs, the Gas Research institute (GRI) has supported research resulting in the development of Clock Spring{reg_sign}, a low-cost fiberglass composite alternative to conventional steel sleeves for transmission line pipe reinforcement and repair. Investigation and development of engineering guidelines have been completed. Field validation of laboratory research on application of Clock Spring as a repair for corrosion and mechanical damage defects is in progress. This paper presents an overview of composite repair technology for pipeline corrosion and mechanical damage defects. It summarizes the results and conclusions of modeling and experiments on reinforcement and repair of both corrosion and mechanical damage (i.e., dent and gouge) pipeline defects. These investigations provide quantitative results on the operating envelope of composite reinforcements and installation requirements that ensure sound and reliable repair of pipeline defects. The paper further summarizes the work to date on field installation in verification of composite repair performance.

Stephens, D.R. [Battelle, Columbus, OH (United States); Lindholm, U.S. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX (United States); Hill, V.L. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States); Block, N. [Clock Spring Co., Houston, TX (United States)

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 EIA Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Analysis Publications Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network 2002 Printer-Friendly Version Expansion and Change on the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network - 2002 Text Box: This special report looks at the level of new capacity added to the national natural gas pipeline network in 2002 and the current capability of that network to transport supplies from production areas to U.S. markets. In addition, it examines the amount of additional capacity proposed for development during the next several years and to what degree various proposed projects will improve the deliverability of natural gas to key market areas. Questions or comments on the contents of this article should be directed to James Tobin at james.tobin@eia.doe.gov or (202) 586-4835. james.tobin@eia.doe.gov

306

EIA - Natural Gas Imports & Exports/Pipelines Data & Analysis  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports & Exports / Pipelines Imports & Exports / Pipelines U.S. Imports by Country Prices and volumes (monthly, annual). U.S. Exports by Country Prices and volumes (monthly, annual). U.S. Imports & Exports by State Prices and volumes (annual). U.S. Imports by Point of Entry Prices and volumes (annual). U.S. Exports by Point of Exit Prices and volumes (annual). International & Interstate Movements of Natural Gas Includes International and Interstate receipts, deliveries and net reciepts by State (annual). Natural Gas Weekly Update Analysis of current price, supply, and storage data; and a weather snapshot. Natural Gas Monthly U.S. production, supply, consumption, disposition, storage, imports, exports, and prices. Natural Gas Basics Analysis of Natural Gas Imports/Exports & Pipelines

307

Insulated pipelines between the underwater Manifold Centre and Cormorant a platform in the northern North Sea  

SciTech Connect

Oil flows from the UMC to the Cormorant 'A' platform through a system of subsea pipelines. Therefore, oil from the wells must travel a considerable distance, up to ten kilometres, before reaching processing facilities on the platform. During this trip the oil could cool to the ambient seawater temperature of 5/sup 0/C. Studies have shown that the acceptance of crude oil at such a low temperature could cause unacceptable emulsion, hydrate, and wax deposition problems. To overcome these problems, a unique insulated pipeline was engineered to keep the crude oil temperature above 40/sup 0/C during production and above 13/sup 0/C for well testing. This paper describes efforts required to identify the problem and engineer a solution. The resultant pipeline incorporated an insulated pipe-withina-pipe bundle that was installed by a mid-depth tow method.

Costello, G.J.; Brink, F.I.A.; Henry, D.

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Computational study of wax deposition in pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposition in subsea pipelines is one of the flow assurance problems for oil and gas production. In contrast to many studies about single phase wax deposition gas-oil wax deposition studies are very limited. The wax deposition mechanism and model prediction are restricted by many factors such as hydrodynamic and thermal when multiphase flow is involved. Wax deposition modeling becomes complicated under multiphase flowing conditions. wax deposition is depended by the flow pattern. The stratified flow is one of the most common flow patterns in the actual subsea gas-oil flowing conditions. In this work numerical methods are used to study wax deposition in oil-gas stratified flow through a pipe. Based on the flow analysis about stratified flow the non-isothermal heat and mass transfer is calculated. The temperature profile of the oil and the concentration profile of wax in oil are obtained. The change of the oil-gas interface i.e. the liquid holdup throughout the pipe must be taken into the heat and mass balance. The valid wax deposition surface must be taken into the wax deposition modeling by establishing function of the liquid holdup and the wetted area by oil. The molecular diffusion is as the deposition mechanism. The increase of the wax fraction in the deposit as a function of time depends on the mass flux from the oil deposit interface into the gel and the growth of the deposit thickness depends on the difference between the mass flux from the bulk oil to the oil deposit interface and the mass flux from the interface into the deposit. In addition the growth of the wax deposit as a function of time along with the effect oil flow rate gas flow rate and the inlet temperature are discussed. The presence of gas significantly reduces the severity of wax deposition by altering the heat and mass transfer characteristics.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

E-Print Network 3.0 - automatic pipeline monitoring Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lake Erie Crossing Summary: ... 25 7.0 Pipeline monitoring and repair... .8%). Millennium will monitor the pipeline continuously...

310

Peak oil: diverging discursive pipelines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Peak oil is the claimed moment in time when global oil production reaches its maximum rate and henceforth forever declines. It is highly controversial as… (more)

Doctor, Jeff

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Pipeline compressor station construction cost analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study aims to provide a reference for pipeline compressor station construction costs by analysing individual compressor station cost components using historical compressor station cost data between 1992 and 2008. Distribution and share of these pipeline compressor station cost components are assessed based on compressor station capacity, year of completion, and locations. Average unit costs in material, labour, miscellaneous, land, and total costs are $866/hp, $466/hp, $367/hp, $13/hp, and $1,712/hp, respectively. Primary costs for compressor stations are material cost, approximately 50.6% of the total cost. This study conducts a learning curve analysis to investigate the learning rate of material and labour costs for different groups. Results show that learning rates and construction component costs vary by capacity and locations. This study also investigates the causes of pipeline compressor station construction cost differences. [Received: March 25, 2012; Accepted; 20 February 2013

Yipeng Zhao; Zhenhua Rui

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Chapter 8 - Risk Analysis for Subsea Pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this chapter is to apply risk-based inspection planning methodologies to pipeline systems, by developing a set of methods and tools for the estimation of risks using structural reliability approach and incidental databases, and to illustrate our risk based inspection and management approach through three examples, including risk analysis for a subsea gas pipeline, dropped object risk analysis and how to use RBIM to reduce operation costs. After outlining the constituent steps of a complete risk analysis methodology, it gives detailed information about each step of the methodology such that a complete risk analysis can be achieved. To get the final acceptable design/procedure, these steps are needed, including acceptance criteria, identification of initiating events, crude consequence analysis, cause analysis, quantitative cause analysis, consequence analysis and risk estimation. This chapter also gave a detailed guidance on evaluation of failure frequency, consequence, risk and risk-based inspection and integrity management of pipeline systems.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Enhancing pipeline integrity through internal inspection  

SciTech Connect

A pipeline operating company with an 8,000 mile liquid petroleum distribution system reviews the costs and results of the past ten-year, internal inspection program. A comparison of total inspection and repair costs and repair rates are presented for twenty mainline sections. Comparisons are also made for five different internal inspection contractors and for inspection tools of the first and second generation. The effects of cost in comparison to pipeline length, coating condition, and the location of a line in urban or rural environments are analyzed. The effects this program has had on the number of corrosion leaks are also analyzed. Also, a conclusion is made as to the program`s impact on pipeline integrity.

Turner, D.R. [Williams Pipe Line Co., Tulsa, OK (United States)

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regulatory Authorities  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Regulatory Authorities Regulatory Authorities About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates U.S. Natural Gas Regulatory Authorities Beginning | Regulations Today | Coordinating Agencies | Regulation of Mergers and Acquisitions Beginning of Industry Restructuring In April 1992, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) issued its Order 636 and transformed the interstate natural gas transportation segment of the industry forever. Under it, interstate natural gas pipeline companies were required to restructure their operations by November 1993 and split-off any non-regulated merchant (sales) functions from their regulated transportation functions. This new requirement meant that interstate natural gas pipeline companies were allowed to only transport natural gas for their customers. The restructuring process and subsequent operations have been supervised closely by FERC and have led to extensive changes throughout the interstate natural gas transportation segment which have impacted other segments of the industry as well.

315

Study of Paraffin Wax Deposition in Seasonally Pigged Pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waxy crude oil pipelines are pigged periodically to scrape the adhered wax deposit from the pipe wall and remove it from the pipeline. If wax deposition on the pipe wall is not ... severe and there is not much ch...

Wang Wenda; Huang Qiyu; Huang Jun; Pang Quan…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

317

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

318

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

319

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

320

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

322

Hydrogen permeability and Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Integrity of hydrogen transfer pipelines Presentation by 03-Babu for the DOE Hydrogen Pipeline R&D Project Review Meeting held January 5th and 6th, 2005 at Oak Ridge National...

323

In-service repair of main pipelines by welding  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new approach to the repair of main pipelines by welding without removing them from service ... failure risk; safety of welding works on pipeline under pressure; use of different variants of repair by welding; s...

V. I. Makhnenko; V. S. But; O. I. Oleinik

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

applied repair procedures have been investigated to determine if they can be used for pipeline repair under hydrogen service. The focus was on the pipeline load and the effect...

325

Hydrogen Permeability and Integrity of Hydrogen Delivery Pipelines  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Project Objectives: To gain basic understanding of hydrogen permeation behavior and its impact on hydrogen embrittlement of pipeline steels under high gaseous pressures relevant to hydrogen gas transmission pipeline

326

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues Blending Hydrogen into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues The United States has 11...

327

Calais, ME Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Calais, ME Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

328

Massena, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Massena, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

329

Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Corsby, ND Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul...

330

Noyes, MN Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Noyes, MN Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

331

Champlain, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Champlain, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

332

Waddington, NY Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Waddington, NY Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

333

Eastport, ID Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry Eastport, ID Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

334

Vibration of a Pipeline with Liquid Under Combined Vibration Perturbations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the influence of combined vibration perturbations on the vibration of a pipeline with flowing liquid. The ... nonlinear model of a pipeline whose foundation suffers vibration perturbations in the longitu...

V. O. Limarchenko

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Statistical Modeling of Corrosion Failures in Natural Gas Transmission Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural gas pipelines are a critical component of the U.S. energy infrastructure. The safety of these pipelines plays a key role for the gas industry. Therefore, the understanding of failure characteristics and their consequences are very important...

Cobanoglu, Mustafa Murat

2014-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

336

Some applications of pipelining techniques in parallel scientific computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, we study the applicability of pipelining techniques to the development of parallel algorithms for scientific computation. General principles for pipelining techniques are discussed and two applications, Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization...

Deng, Yuanhua

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Construction and Maintenance Plan for a Grand Banks Multi-Purpose Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Pipeline Repair Protocol 1 Leak detection and compressor shut down 2 Damage location 3 Excavate pipe 4 hyperbaric repair welding 9 Repair coating 10 Recommission pipeline North Atlantic Pipeline Partners, L of Presentation #12;PIPELINE PIPELINE FAILURE, CRACK, BUCKLE ETC. REPAIR OF A DAMAGED SECTION OF PIPELINE AT 250 m

Bruneau, Steve

338

Software design for panoramic astronomical pipeline processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the software requirement and design specifications for all-sky panoramic astronomical pipelines. The described software aims to meet the specific needs of super-wide angle optics, and includes cosmic-ray hit rejection, image compression, star recognition, sky opacity analysis, transient detection and a web server allowing access to real-time and archived data. The presented software is being regularly used for the pipeline processing of 11 all-sky cameras located in some of the world's premier observatories. We encourage all-sky camera operators to use our software and/or our hosting services and become part of the global Night Sky Live network.

Lior Shamir; Robert J. Nemiroff; David O. Torrey; Wellesley E. Pereira

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

339

Experience with pipelined multiple instruction streams  

SciTech Connect

The authors introduces the architecture and programming environment of the heterogeneous element processor (HEP) and surveys a range of scientific applications programs for which parallel versions have been produced, tested, and analyzed on this computer. In all cases, the ideal of one instruction completion every pipeline step time is closely approached. Speed limitations in the parallel programs are more often a result of the extra code necessary to ensure synchronization than of actual synchronization lockout at execution time. The pipelined multiple instruction stream architecture is shown to cover a wide range of applications with good utilization of the parallel hardware. 35 references.

Jordan, H.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Pipeline gas pressure reduction with refrigeration generation  

SciTech Connect

The high pressure of pipeline gas is reduced to the low pressure of a distribution system with simultaneous generation of refrigeration by passing the gas through two successive centrifugal compressors driven by two turbo-expanders in which the compressed gas is expanded to successively lower pressures. Refrigeration is recovered from the gas as it leaves each turbo-expander. Methanol is injected into the pipeline gas before it is expanded to prevent ice formation. Aqueous methanol condensate separated from the expanded gas is distilled for the recovery and reuse of methanol.

Markbreiter, S. J.; Schorr, H. P.

1985-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Tests validate pipeline sleeve repair technique  

SciTech Connect

The sleeve-on-sleeve pipeline-repair technique is a viable, acceptable means of repairing sleeves and preventing fluid leakage resulting from fracture of cracked fillet welds at the ends of an existing single-layer sleeve. This technique was conceived by Interprovincial Pipe Line Co. as a means of repair for situations in which one or both of the circumferential fillet welds at the ends of an initial repair sleeve may need to be reinforced. It was necessary to determine whether this technique can be employed without serious impairment of the integrity of the pipelines on which it is to be used.

Kiefner, J.F.; Maxey, W.A. (Battelle Memorial Inst., Columbus, OH (USA))

1989-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

342

Leakage Risk Assessment of CO{sub 2} Transportation by Pipeline at the Illinois Basin Decatur Project, Decatur, Illinois  

SciTech Connect

The Illinois Basin Decatur Project (IBDP) is designed to confirm the ability of the Mt. Simon Sandstone, a major regional saline-water-bearing formation in the Illinois Basin, to store 1 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) injected over a period of three years. The CO{sub 2} will be provided by Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) from its Decatur, Illinois, ethanol plant. In order to transport CO{sub 2} from the capture facility to the injection well (also located within the ADM plant boundaries), a high-pressure pipeline of length 3,200 ft (975 m) has been constructed, running above the ground surface within the ADM plant footprint. We have qualitatively evaluated risks associated with possible pipeline failure scenarios that lead to discharge of CO{sub 2} within the real-world environment of the ADM plant in which there are often workers and visitors in the vicinity of the pipeline. There are several aspects of CO{sub 2} that make its transportation and potential leakage somewhat different from other substances, most notable is its non-flammability and propensity to change to solid (dry ice) upon strong decompression. In this study, we present numerical simulations using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) methods of the release and dispersion of CO{sub 2} from individual hypothetical pipeline failures (i.e., leaks). Failure frequency of the various components of a pipeline transportation system over time are taken from prior work on general pipeline safety and leakage modeling and suggest a 4.65% chance of some kind of pipeline failure over the three-years of operation. Following the Precautionary Principle (see below), we accounted for full-bore leakage scenarios, where the temporal evolution of the mass release rate from the high-pressure pipeline leak locations was simulated using a state-of-the-art Pipe model which considers the thermodynamic effects of decompression in the entire pipeline. Failures have been simulated at four representative locations along the pipeline route within the ADM plant. Leakage scenarios at sites along the route of the pipeline, where plant operations (e.g., vehicular and train transportation) seem to present a higher likelihood of accidental failure, for example due to vehicles or equipment crashing into the pipeline and completely severing it, were modeled by allowing them to have a double source consistent with the pipeline releasing high-pressure CO{sub 2} from both ends of the broken pipe after a full-bore offset rupture. Simulation results show that the built environment of the plant plays a significant role in the dispersion of the gas as leaking CO{sub 2} can impinge upon buildings and other infrastructure. In all scenarios simulated, the region of very high-concentration of CO{sub 2} is limited to a small area around the pipeline failure, suggesting the likelihood of widespread harmful CO{sub 2} exposure to plant personnel from pipeline leakage is low. An additional risk is posed by the blast wave that emanates from a high-pressure pipeline when it is breached quickly. We estimate the blast wave risk as low because it occurs only for a short time in the immediate vicinity of the rupture, and requires an instantaneous large-scale rupture to occur. We recommend consideration of signage and guard rails and posts to mitigate the likelihood of vehicles crashing into the pipeline. A standardized emergency response plan applicable to capture plants within industrial sites could be developed based on the IBDP that would be useful for other capture plants. Finally, we recommend carrying out coupled wellbore-reservoir blowout scenario modeling to understand the potential for hazardous conditions arising from an unexpected blowout at the wellhead.

Mazzoldi, A.; Oldenburg, C.M.

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

343

Improving the Design Reliability of Petroleum Pipeline Components on Repair  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Developments are considered that may appreciably improve the design reliability in the repair of petroleum pipeline components.

I. N. Karelin

344

Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Method for route selection of transcontinental natural gas pipelines Fotios G. Thomaidis1@kepa.uoa.gr Abstract. The route of transcontinental natural gas pipelines is characterized by complexity, compared choices. Keywords: Optimum route method, natural gas, transcontinental pipelines, Caspian Region ­ E

Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

345

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D% · Contractor share: 25% · Barriers ­ Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water;Objectives · To come up with a mechanistic understanding of hydrogen embrittlement in pipeline steels

346

Rotary Pipeline Processors Simon Moore, Peter Robinson, Steve Wilcox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT Rotary Pipeline Processors Simon Moore, Peter Robinson, Steve Wilcox Computer Laboratory, University of Cambridge Submitted: 15th December, 1995 Revised: 30th May, 1996 Abstract The rotary pipeline processor is a new architecture for su- perscalar computing. It is based on a simple and regular pipeline

Robinson, Peter

347

INFORMAL REPORT DETECTION OF INTERSTATE LIQUIDS PIPELINE LEAKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BNL-65970 INFORMAL REPORT DETECTION OF INTERSTATE LIQUIDS PIPELINE LEAKS: FEASIBILITY EVALUATION R PIPELINE LEAKS: FEASIBILITY EVALUATION A Concept Paper Russell N. Dietz, Head Gunnar I. Senum Tracer with Battelle Memorial Institute and the Colonial Pipeline Company #12;ABSTRACT The approximately 200,000-mile

348

Radiological Habits Survey: Chapelcross Liquid Effluent Pipeline, 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiological Habits Survey: Chapelcross Liquid Effluent Pipeline, 2002 Science commissioned Pipeline, 2002 The Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft Laboratory Pakefield OF SURVEY 5 2.1 Pipeline description 5 2.2 Occupancy 6 2.3 Gamma dose rate measurements 7 3 SURVEY FINDINGS

349

Performance of Concurrent Rendezvous Systems with Complex Pipeline Structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performance of Concurrent Rendezvous Systems with Complex Pipeline Structures Real February 11, 1998 Abstract The term ``complex pipeline'' describes a set of tasks which process incoming data in a sequence, like a pipeline, but have various kinds of parallel execution steps coupled

Woodside, C. Murray

350

Rotary Pipeline Processors Simon Moore, Peter Robinson, Steve Wilcox  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT Rotary Pipeline Processors Simon Moore, Peter Robinson, Steve Wilcox Computer Laboratory pipeline processor is a new architecture for su- perscalar computing. It is based on a simple and regular pipeline structure which can support several ALUs for effi- cient dispatching of multiple instructions

Moore, Simon

351

Abstract 3967: The Cancer Genome Project high throughput analysis pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Genome Project high throughput analysis pipeline Adam P. Butler 1 Jon W. Teague 1 Keiran...somatic changes. We have built an analysis pipeline to track and analyse large numbers of...externally available tools. The analysis pipeline is built around a 2,000 node compute...

Adam P. Butler; Jon W. Teague; Keiran M. Raine; Andrew Menzies; David Jones; John Marshall; Jon Hinton; Serge Dronov; John Gamble; Lucy Stebbings; Alagu Jayakumar; Catherine Leroy; Ultan McDermott; Michael R. Stratton; Peter Campbell; Andy Futreal

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

352

A computational genomics pipeline for prokaryotic sequencing projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......used to perform tasks in the pipeline. In the Discussion section...objectives of our work on the pipeline and how these relate to larger...end-polishing, adaptor ligation, nick repair and single-stranded library...passed to the first stage of the pipeline-genome assembly. Table 1......

Andrey O. Kislyuk; Lee S. Katz; Sonia Agrawal; Matthew S. Hagen; Andrew B. Conley; Pushkala Jayaraman; Viswateja Nelakuditi; Jay C. Humphrey; Scott A. Sammons; Dhwani Govil; Raydel D. Mair; Kathleen M. Tatti; Maria L. Tondella; Brian H. Harcourt; Leonard W. Mayer; I. King Jordan

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

PSPP: A Protein Structure Prediction Pipeline for Computing Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PSPP: A Protein Structure Prediction Pipeline for Computing Clusters Michael S. Lee1,2,3 , Rajkumar. Methodology/Principal Findings: The pipeline consists of a Perl core that integrates more than 20 individual-delimited, and hypertext markup language (HTML) formats. So far, the pipeline has been used to study viral and bacterial

354

Capabilities of the VLA pipeline in AIPS Lorant O. Sjouwerman  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capabilities of the VLA pipeline in AIPS Lorâ??ant O. Sjouwerman National Radio Astronomy Observatory November 15, 2006 Abstract This document describes the VLA pipeline procedure. The procedure runs in AIPS, though a system has been set up to process VLA data with this pipeline from a UNIX command line

Sjouwerman, Loránt

355

Color Appearance and the Digital Imaging Pipeline Brian A. Wandell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Color Appearance and the Digital Imaging Pipeline Brian A. Wandell Psychology Department Stanford reproduction pipeline, spanning image capture, processing and display, must be designed to account for the properties of the human observer. In designing an image pipeline, three principles of human vision

Wandell, Brian A.

356

AIPS Memo 112 Capabilities of the VLA pipeline in AIPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIPS Memo 112 Capabilities of the VLA pipeline in AIPS Lorant O. Sjouwerman March 19, 2007 Abstract This document describes the VLA pipeline procedure. The procedure runs in AIPS, though a system has been set up to process VLA data with this pipeline from a UNIX command line. The latter and an analysis of a pilot

Sjouwerman, Loránt

357

Software Pipelined Execution of Stream Programs on GPUs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Software Pipelined Execution of Stream Programs on GPUs Abhishek Udupa, R. Govindarajan, Matthew J task, data and pipeline parallelism which can be exploited on modern Graphics Processing Units (GPUsIt to GPUs and propose an efficient technique to software pipeline the execution of stream programs on GPUs

Plotkin, Joshua B.

358

CUNY Pipeline Program for Careers in College Teaching and Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CUNY Pipeline Program for Careers in College Teaching and Research Educational Opportunity to the CUNY Pipeline Program which is designed to prepare promising undergraduate students for admission;CUNY Pipeline Program for Careers in College Teaching and Research Educational Opportunity & Diversity

Dennehy, John

359

A Reactive Control Approach for Pipeline Inspection with an AUV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Reactive Control Approach for Pipeline Inspection with an AUV Pedro K. Paim, Bruno Jouvencel and research activities, performing tasks such as survey, inspection of sub-sea pipelines and object recovery of mission. This paper proposes a reactive control approach for pipeline following by a torpedo- like

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

360

Retail Merchandising & Product Development This sheet has sample occupations, work settings, employers, and career development activities associated with this major. Some of these  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retail Merchandising & Product Development This sheet has sample occupations, work settings Manufacturers Pattern Companies Retail Companies Specialty Stores Textile Manufacturers Federal & State with a concentration in retail merchandising and product development. HSN - Home Shopping Network JCPenney Kohl

Ronquist, Fredrik

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EMAT based inspection of natural gas pipelines for SSC cracks  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EMAT-Based Inspection of Natural Gas EMAT-Based Inspection of Natural Gas Pipelines for Stress Corrosion Cracks FY2004 Report Venugopal K. Varma, Raymond W. Tucker, Jr., and Austin P. Albright Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 1 This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name,

362

TASSEL 3.0 / 4.0 Pipeline Command Line Interface: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell.edu)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TASSEL 3.0 / 4.0 Pipeline Command Line Interface: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens....................................................................................................................................................................... 3 Pipeline Controls.0_standalone or tassel4.0_standalone. Execute On Windows, use run_pipeline.bat to execute the pipeline. In UNIX

Buckler, Edward S.

363

The Garching-Bonn Deep Survey (GaBoDS) Wide-Field-Imaging Reduction Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We introduce our publicly available Wide-Field-Imaging reduction pipeline THELI. The procedures applied for the efficient pre-reduction and astrometric calibration are presented. A special emphasis is put on the methods applied to the photometric calibration. As a test case the reduction of optical data from the ESO Deep Public Survey including the WFI-GOODS data is described. The end-products of this project are now available via the ESO archive Advanced Data Products section.

H. Hildebrandt; T. Erben; M. Schirmer; J. P. Dietrich; P. Schneider

2007-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

364

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 12 FvDFH Ch. 6, 18.3 #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination Half-Life 2

Kazhdan, Michael

365

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3D Polygon Rendering Pipeline Michael Kazhdan (600.357 / 600.457) HB Ch. 12 FvDFH Ch. 6, 18.3 #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination #12;3D Polygon Rendering · Many applications use rendering of 3D polygons with direct illumination Crysis 3

Kazhdan, Michael

366

New system pinpoints leaks in ethylene pipeline  

SciTech Connect

A model-based leak detection, PLDS, developed by Modisette Associates, Inc., Houston has been operating on the Solvay et Cie ethylene pipeline since 1989. The 6-in. pipeline extends from Antwerp to Jemeppe sur Sambre, a distance of 73.5 miles and is buried at a depth of 3 ft. with no insulation. Except for outlets to flares, located every 6 miles for test purposes, there are no injections or deliveries along the pipeline. Also, there are block valves, which are normally open, at each flare location. This paper reviews the design and testing procedures used to determine the system performance. These tests showed that the leak system was fully operational and no false alarms were caused by abrupt changes in inlet/outlet flows of the pipeline. It was confirmed that leaks larger than 2 tonnes/hr. (40 bbl/hr) are quickly detected and accurately located. Also, maximum leak detection sensitivity is 1 tonne/hr. (20 bbl/hr) with a detection time of one hour. Significant operational, configuration, and programming issues also were found during the testing program. Data showed that temperature simulations needed re-examining for improvement since accurate temperature measurements are important. This is especially true for ethylene since its density depends largely on temperature. Another finding showed the averaging period of 4 hrs. was too long and a 1 to 2 hr. interval was better.

Hamande, A. [Solvay et Cie, Jemeppe sur Sambre (Belgium); Condacse, V.; Modisette, J. [Modisette Associates, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Thermally insulated pipelines successfully move high-wax-content crude offshore Gabon  

SciTech Connect

Three thermally insulated pipelines have been installed at a water depth of 35 m (115 ft) in Shell Gabon's Lucina Marine field. The three lines consist of two 2-km (1.24-mile) long flowlines connecting drilling and production platforms and a 3.2 km (2 mile) long loading line connecting a production platform to a storage tanker permanently moored in the field. All three pipelines are of 10.75-in. OD with rigid polyurethane-foam insulation contained in a high-density polyethylene sleeve. The pipelines have been designed with an operating temperature of 90/degree/C. (194/degree/F.). Thermal insulation was chosen because of the Lucina crude's high wax cloud point of 55/degree/C. (131/degree/F.). Without insulation, cooling of the crude in subsea pipelines would have lead to rapid wax deposition. Details of the coating and insulation of the line and riser pipe are given. For the line pipe, a thermal-insulation system consisting of polyurethane foam (PUF) within a polyethylene (PE) sleeve pipe was chosen.

Hales, M.

1982-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

368

Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline Siting Act (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Florida Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Florida Department of Environmental Protection This Act establishes a centralized and coordinated permitting process for the location of natural gas transmission pipeline corridors and the construction and maintenance of natural gas transmission pipelines. The Act intends to achieve a reasonable balance between the need for the natural

369

Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) Natural Gas Pipeline Utilities (Maine) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Maine Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Public Utilities Commission These regulations apply to entities seeking to develop and operate natural gas pipelines and provide construction requirements for such pipelines. The regulations describe the authority of the Public Utilities Commission with

370

PRS -- A priority ranking system for managing pipeline integrity  

SciTech Connect

Pipeline operating companies have a huge investment in pipelines that vary in age from recent construction to more than 50 years old. Aging pipelines contain a variety of operational integrity concerns that most often begin to show up as leaks, but sometimes result in ruptures if not detected soon enough. Fluor Daniel Williams Brothers (FDWB) has developed a management tool that helps pipeline operating companies address this concern and take a proactive approach to pipeline integrity management. Using this methodology, a Priority Ranking System (PRS) is developed which allows early detection and resolution of pipeline integrity concerns. When fully developed, it includes a spreadsheet of annual budgets related to pipeline integrity work and a complete historical record of inspection and rehabilitation results.

Hodgdon, A.M. [Fluor Daniel Williams Brothers, Houston, TX (United States); Wernicke, T. [Texas Utilities Fuel Co., Dallas, TX (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Overview of Two Hydrogen Energy Storage Studies: Wind Hydrogen in California and Blending in Natural Gas Pipelines (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of two NREL energy storage studies: Wind Hydrogen in California: Case Study and Blending Hydrogen Into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. The presentation summarizes key issues, major model input assumptions, and results.

Melaina, M. W.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Coal log pipeline research at the University of Missouri. 1st Quarterly report for 1995, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

Work continued on the study of coal log pipeline research. Individual projects described include fast compaction of coal logs; effect of cooling on coal log quality; coal log capping; effectiveness of adding fiber to enhance coal log quality; fabrication using hydrophobic binders; cost estimation of different lubricants; automatic control of coal log pipeline system; CLP design; coal log train transport; economics of coal log pipeline; legal aspects; heating, cooling, and drying of logs; vacuum systems to enhance production; design; and effect of piston modification on capping.

Liu, H.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Processes for Methane Production from Gas Hydrates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main cost here is only that of the pipeline used to transport the gas to the production platform. For subsea systems that do not ... group of wells. Transporting methane from the production site to the shore ...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

1.0 MAJOR STUDIES SUPPORTING THIS SCOPING RISK The most important period of past U.S. uranium production spanned from approximately 1948  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

plants (U.S. DOE/EIA 2003a, 2003b, 2006). Uranium exploration, mining, and ore processing left a legacy of abandoned uranium mines. The major studies supporting this scoping analysis include EPA's 1983 Report to Congress on the Potential Health and Environmental Hazards of Uranium Mine Wastes (U.S. EPA 1983a, b, c

375

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

376

Pipeline safety joint eliminates need for divers  

SciTech Connect

The Sea-Hook coupling is a diverless pressure-compensated pipeline safety joint designed to protect the pipe from damage by excessive physical loads. The coupling provides a predetermined weak point in the line that will cause a controlled separation when the line is exposed to strong wave action or dragging anchors. Moreover, it offers prepressurized remote lockout protection, metal seal integrity, no hand-up separation, enclosed bolting, optimal manual lockout, and no springs or shear rings.

Not Available

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Drag reduction in coal log pipelines  

SciTech Connect

It is well-known that solutions of dissolved long-chain macromolecules produce lower friction or drag losses than with the solvent alone. In coal log pipeline (CLP), water is the conveying medium. Synthetic polymers such as poly(ethylene oxide) have been dissolved in water and tested for their extent of drag reduction as a function of concentration and other variables. Lab-scale experimental results for CLP indicate substantial drag reduction at low concentration levels of polymer. But, the macromolecules exhibit degradation under mechanical shear stresses. The large molecules break into smaller units. This degradation effect causes a loss of drag reduction. However, high levels of drag reduction can be maintained as follows: (1) by injecting polymer into the CLP at several locations along the pipeline, (2) by injecting polymer of different particle sizes, (3) by using more robust types of polymers, or (4) by using polymer-fiber mixtures. This report presents the value of drag-reducing agents in terms of pumping power net cost savings. In addition, this report outlines the environmental impact of drag reduction polymers, and end-of-pipeline water treatment processes. For an operating CLP, hundreds of miles in length, the use of poly(ethylene oxide) as a drag reducing agent provides significant pumping power cost savings at a minimal materials cost.

Marrero, T.R.; Liu, H. [Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Capsule Pipeline Research Center

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

378

DEVELOPMENT OF AN ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN MICROBIAL INHIBITOR TO CONTROL INTERNAL PIPELINE CORROSION  

SciTech Connect

The overall program objective is to develop and evaluate environmentally benign agents or products that are effective in the prevention, inhibition, and mitigation of microbially influenced corrosion (MIC) in the internal surfaces of metallic natural gas pipelines. The goal is to develop one or more environmentally benign (a.k.a. ''green'') products that can be applied to maintain the structure and dependability of the natural gas infrastructure. Various chemicals that inhibit the growth and/or the metabolism of corrosion-associated microbes such as sulfate reducing bacteria, denitrifying bacteria, and methanogenic bacteria were evaluated to determine their ability to inhibit corrosion in experiments utilizing pure and mixed bacterial cultures, and planktonic cultures as well as mature biofilms. Planktonic cultures are easier to inhibit than mature biofilms but several compounds were shown to be effective in decreasing the amount of metal corrosion. Of the compounds tested hexane extracts of Capsicum pepper plants and molybdate were the most effective inhibitors of sulfate reducing bacteria, bismuth nitrate was the most effective inhibitor of nitrate reducing bacteria, and 4-((pyridine-2-yl)methylamino)benzoic acid (PMBA) was the most effective inhibitor of methanogenic bacteria. All of these compounds were demonstrated to minimize corrosion due to MIC, at least in some circumstances. The results obtained in this project are consistent with the hypothesis that any compound that disrupts the metabolism of any of the major microbial groups present in corrosion-associated biofilms shows promise in limiting the amount/rate of corrosion. This approach of controlling MIC by controlling the metabolism of biofilms is more environmentally benign than the current approach involving the use of potent biocides, and warrants further investigation.

Bill W. Bogan; Brigid M. Lamb; Gemma Husmillo; Kristine Lowe; J. Robert Paterek; John J. Kilbane II

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

A NegativeOverhead, SelfTimed Pipeline Brian D. Winters and Mark R. Greenstreet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Negative­Overhead, Self­Timed Pipeline Brian D. Winters and Mark R. Greenstreet Department a novel variation of wave pipelining that we call ``surfing.'' In previous wave pipelined designs, timing variation of wave pipelin­ ing called ``surfing.'' In surfing pipelines, a timing pulse is propagated along

Greenstreet, Mark

380

International Journal of Parallel Programming submission February 3, 1997 Analyzing Asynchronous Pipeline Schedules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipeline Schedules Val Donaldson and Jeanne Ferrante Computer Science and Engineering Department University pipelining is a form of parallelism which may be used in distributed memory systems. An asynchronous pipeline of a pipeline schedule is needed to determine if pipelining is appropriate for a loop, and to compare

Ferrante, Jeanne

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Frank Masci Page 1 06/17/2003 Initial Pipeline Assignment Procedure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frank Masci Page 1 06/17/2003 Initial Pipeline Assignment Procedure (The SIRTF "Pipeline Picker") F and request (AOR, IER or SER) is assigned a pipeline thread to initiate processing. It was developed by J, the "pipeline picker" routine is triggered to uniquely determine an appropriate pipeline script-ID (pl

Masci, Frank

382

Pipeline rehabilitation surveys for prioritizing coat/wrap repairs of old cross-country pipelines  

SciTech Connect

Pipelines which are more than 15--20 years old, and are coated with traditional hot-melt coal tar coat/wrap, generally show marked degradation of their coat wrap over time. This could be due to various reasons. In aggressive soils, re-coating the pipeline becomes imperative. However, primarily due to budgetary constraints, the coat wrap repair of the entire line cannot be undertaken all at one time. It has to be done in phases, depending on resources available. By using the techniques of Current Attenuation Test, supported by Direct Current Voltage Gradient (DCVG) survey and ON/Instant OFF pipe-to-soil potential logging and average current density, one can quickly and fairly accurately identify and prioritize the pipeline sections for immediate coat/wrap repairs.

Bardalai, B.; Tech, B. [Quest Pipeline Services Pvt. Ltd., Assam (India)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

PLAY ANALYSIS AND DIGITAL PORTFOLIO OF MAJOR OIL RESERVOIRS IN THE PERMIAN BASIN: APPLICATION AND TRANSFER OF ADVANCED GEOLOGICAL AND ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGIES FOR INCREMENTAL PRODUCTION OPPORTUNITIES  

SciTech Connect

The Permian Basin of west Texas and southeast New Mexico has produced >30 Bbbl (4.77 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}) of oil through 2000, most of it from 1,339 reservoirs having individual cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}). These significant-sized reservoirs are the focus of this report. Thirty-two Permian Basin oil plays were defined, and each of the 1,339 significant-sized reservoirs was assigned to a play. The reservoirs were mapped and compiled in a Geographic Information System (GIS) by play. Associated reservoir information within linked data tables includes Railroad Commission of Texas reservoir number and district (Texas only), official field and reservoir name, year reservoir was discovered, depth to top of the reservoir, production in 2000, and cumulative production through 2000. Some tables also list subplays. Play boundaries were drawn for each play; the boundaries include areas where fields in that play occur but are <1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) of cumulative production. This report contains a summary description of each play, including key reservoir characteristics and successful reservoir-management practices that have been used in the play. The CD accompanying the report contains a pdf version of the report, the GIS project, pdf maps of all plays, and digital data files. Oil production from the reservoirs in the Permian Basin having cumulative production >1 MMbbl (1.59 x 10{sup 5} m{sup 3}) was 301.4 MMbbl (4.79 x 10{sup 7} m{sup 3}) in 2000. Cumulative Permian Basin production through 2000 from these significant-sized reservoirs was 28.9 Bbbl (4.59 x 10{sup 9} m{sup 3}). The top four plays in cumulative production are the Northwest Shelf San Andres Platform Carbonate play (3.97 Bbbl [6.31 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), the Leonard Restricted Platform Carbonate play (3.30 Bbbl 5.25 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}), the Pennsylvanian and Lower Permian Horseshoe Atoll Carbonate play (2.70 Bbbl [4.29 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]), and the San Andres Platform Carbonate play (2.15 Bbbl [3.42 x 10{sup 8} m{sup 3}]).

Shirley P. Dutton; Eugene M. Kim; Ronald F. Broadhead; Caroline L. Breton; William D. Raatz; Stephen C. Ruppel; Charles Kerans

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) Illinois Gas Pipeline Safety Act (Illinois) < Back Eligibility Commercial Utility Program Info State Illinois Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Illinois Commerce Commission Standards established under this Act may apply to the design, installation, inspection, testing, construction, extension, operation, replacement, and maintenance of pipeline facilities. Whenever the Commission finds a particular facility to be hazardous to life or property, it may require the person operating such facility to take the steps necessary to remove the hazard. Each person who engages in the transportation of gas or who owns or operates pipeline facilities shall file with the Commission a plan for inspection and maintenance of each pipeline facility owned or operated by

385

Chapter 18 - Pipeline Vibration and Condition Based Maintenance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This chapter comprises two integrated parts. The first part of the chapter devotes to a detailed discussion of the mechanism leading to pipeline vibration and the effect of internal and external fluid flow on the pipeline vibration. It summarizes the formulations used for the design of optimal free span length of pipeline segments under different boundary conditions and pipeline operating conditions. Different measures used to mitigate pipeline vibration are also briefly discussed in the section. The procedures of pipeline condition based maintenance (CBM) are discussed in the second part of the chapter using vibration and other corrective maintenance (CM) parameters as asset health indicators. The typical models including P–F curve model, proportional hazard model, and proportional covariate model used to determine the optimal threshold and inspection intervals in CBM are introduced and discussed. The chapter also discusses the optimization of long-term maintenance activities using reliability based preventive maintenance decision-making approach.

Boyun Guo; Shanhong Song; Ali Ghalambor; Tian Ran Lin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

PARLOC -- Pipeline and riser loss of containment: North Sea experience  

SciTech Connect

PARLOC was initiated by UKOOA in 1989, in the post-Piper A climate, to identify hazards to operating pipelines and quantify historical loss of containment frequencies, and thus contribute to pipeline safety assessments. It is based on a pipeline and an incident database, which have been updated periodically. This paper presents results from the most recent update completed in 1994 and describes the databases, their analysis and use in safety studies.

Ellinas, C.P.; Smart, D.T. [Advanced Mechanics and Engineering Ltd., Croydon (United Kingdom); Robertson, J. [Culham Lab., Abingdon (United Kingdom). Marine Technology Support Unit; Al-Hassan, T. [Health and Safety Executive, Liverpool (United Kingdom)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Intelligent pig inspection, evaluation and remediation of uncoated seamless pipelines  

SciTech Connect

Many gas pipelines in operation in the US today were constructed prior to coating and cathodic protection (CP) current practices. A number of these vintage pipelines had no coating and had CP installed long after their construction thus allowing initial corrosion growths. With continual public and industrial growth and development on and around these pipelines, plus normal maintenance, there is a need to conduct periodic integrity assessments to insure public safety and maintain pipeline efficiency. One of the best tools currently available to measure or gauge pipeline integrity is the intelligent or smart pig. While there are various technologies offered by In-line inspection (ILI) vendors, magnetic flux leakage (MFL) is the one most commonly utilized for in-line inspections of natural gas pipelines. Over the years there has been much speculation over the ability of an MFL tool to clearly define corrosion magnitudes on uncoated pipelines because the MFL signals are distorted by the external corrosion crust or growth. In addition, many of the uncoated lines constructed utilized seamless pipe which compounds the problem with uneven wall thickness common with seamless pipe. Also, the irregular internal surfaces produce additional distortions or noise in the MFL signal. Analysis of the smart pig results are quite difficult when evaluating an uncoated seamless pipeline. However, with the latest advances in MFL smart pigs it is possible to accurately analyze corrosion on uncoated seamless steel pipelines. The ability to accurately identify corrosion on such structures provides the mechanism to evaluate the pipeline's integrity with analytical tools such as RSTRENG, (remaining strength). From that a successful remediation program can be developed which will save the pipeline operator millions of dollars when compared to the expensive alternative of replacing the pipeline.

Shamblin, T.R.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Virtual Pipeline System Testbed to Optimize the U.S. Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline System  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this project is to develop a Virtual Pipeline System Testbed (VPST) for natural gas transmission. This study uses a fully implicit finite difference method to analyze transient, nonisothermal compressible gas flow through a gas pipeline system. The inertia term of the momentum equation is included in the analysis. The testbed simulate compressor stations, the pipe that connects these compressor stations, the supply sources, and the end-user demand markets. The compressor station is described by identifying the make, model, and number of engines, gas turbines, and compressors. System operators and engineers can analyze the impact of system changes on the dynamic deliverability of gas and on the environment.

Kirby S. Chapman; Prakash Krishniswami; Virg Wallentine; Mohammed Abbaspour; Revathi Ranganathan; Ravi Addanki; Jeet Sengupta; Liubo Chen

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - States Dependent on Interstate  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines States Dependent on Interstate Pipelines About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates States in grey which are at least 85% dependent on the interstate pipeline network for their natural gas supply are: New England - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont Southeast - Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee Northeast - Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, District of Columbia Midwest - Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota, Ohio, Wisconsin Central - Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, South Dakota West - Arizona, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Washington Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency, 2007 Map: Interstate Natural Gas Supply Dependency

390

Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Activities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOT/PHMSA DOT/PHMSA A ti iti Activities Michael Conroy U S Department of Transportation - 1 - U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Office of Hazardous Materials Safety Radioactive Materials U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Overview * Harmonization with International Regulations * Update on Revisions to International Regulations * Recent Letters of Interpretation * Update on Rulemakings * PHMSA Information Resources - 2 - * PHMSA Information Resources 2 U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration HM-230 Harmonized with 2000 Version of IAEA's 1996 Edition - 3 - U.S. Department of Transportation Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration

391

Mobile sensor network to monitor wastewater collection pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 Mobile robot localization in23 WCS monitoring using mobile floatingDesign of mobile pipeline floating sensor “SewerSnort

Lim, Jungsoo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Kinetics of wax deposition and its movement in a pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An electrical analog has been used in studying the thermal processes involved in crystallization of a wax melt as it moves within a short section of a pipeline.

N. I. Gel'perin; G. I. Lapshenkov…

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Calculating Deposit Formation in the Pipelining of Waxy Crude Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposition from a waxy crude oil is modelled in turbulent flow in a pipeline. Molecular diffusion in a thin boundary layer...

S. Correra; A. Fasano; L. Fusi; D. Merino-Garcia

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

395

Formalizing the use and characteristics of contraints in pipeline systems.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Pipeline systems, in which data is processed in stages with the output of one stage providing input to the next, are ubiquitous in the field… (more)

Hollingshead, Kristy

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

,"U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (MMcf)",1,"Monthly","72014" ,"Release Date:","9302014" ,"Next...

397

The Northern gateway - pipeline protest in British Columbia, Canada.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Northern Gateway-Pipeline Protest in British Columbia, Canada Die vorliegende Forschung untersucht den Einfluss von Onlinemedien auf die Organisation von Umweltprotesten. Die Strukturierung von Onlineprotest… (more)

Jänsch, Kathrin Loni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Lynn Dahlberg, Director of Marketing, Williams Northwest Pipeline...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

as the Midwest does, for example, since it can rely heavily on existing hydroelectric power. In California, there is far more interstate natural gas pipeline...

399

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Barriers: Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water vapor?) hpwgwembrittlementsteelssofronis.pdf More Documents & Publications Webinar: I2CNER: An...

400

Pipeline transportation and underground storage are vital and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, September 2004 16 Figure 12. Typical Natural Gas Pipeline Construction Process Source: Courtesy of Gulfstream Natural Gas System LLC...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Extending the Fermi-LAT Data Processing Pipeline to the Grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Data Handling Pipeline ("Pipeline") has been developed for the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope (Fermi) Large Area Telescope (LAT) which launched in June 2008. Since then it has been in use to completely automate the production of data quality monitoring quantities, reconstruction and routine analysis of all data received from the satellite and to deliver science products to the collaboration and the Fermi Science Support Center. Aside from the reconstruction of raw data from the satellite (Level 1), data reprocessing and various event-level analyses are also reasonably heavy loads on the pipeline and computing resources. These other loads, unlike Level 1, can run continuously for weeks or months at a time. In addition it receives heavy use in performing production Monte Carlo tasks. The software comprises web-services that allow online monitoring and provides charts summarizing work flow aspects and performance information. The server supports communication with several batch systems such as LSF and BQS and recently also Sun Grid Engine and Condor. This is accomplished through dedicated job control services that for Fermi are running at SLAC and the other computing site involved in this large scale framework, the Lyon computing center of IN2P3. While being different in the logic of a task, we evaluate a separate interface to the Dirac system in order to communicate with EGI sites to utilize Grid resources, using dedicated Grid optimized systems rather than developing our own. (abstract abridged)

Stephan Zimmer; Luisa Arrabito; Tom Glanzman; Tony Johnson; Claudia Lavalley; Andrei Tsaregorodtsev

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

402

The CUNY Pipeline Program for Careers in College Teaching and Research The CUNY Pipeline Program is administered by the Office of Educational Opportunity and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The CUNY Pipeline Program for Careers in College Teaching and Research The CUNY Pipeline Program available to each Pipeline student is over $4,000. · In the summer before the senior year (June-July), Pipeline fellows attend a six-week institute at the Graduate Center). This institute includes workshops

Dennehy, John

403

TASSEL: LD Pipeline: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell.edu), Zhiwu Zhang, Peter Bradbury, and Edward  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 TASSEL: LD Pipeline: Guide to using Tassel Pipeline Terry Casstevens (tmc46@cornell.edu), Zhiwu.1_standalone. Execute On Windows, see run_file_ld.bat for an example how to execute the pipeline. In Bash Shell, see run_file_ld.pl for an example how to execute the pipeline. If you are using a UNIX operating

Buckler, Edward S.

404

The Oil Network in US:The Oil Network in US: A Closer Look at PipelinesA Closer Look at Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Oil Network in US:The Oil Network in US: A Closer Look at PipelinesA Closer Look at Pipelines of Oil Network in USHistory of Oil Network in US Origin of pipelines:Origin of pipelines: WWII: Relied of transportationtransportation Need for a complex network:Need for a complex network: Move the raw materials (crude oils), from

Nagurney, Anna

405

Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

by Pipeline into the U.S. Form Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form Excel Version of Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline into the U.S. Form.xlsx PDF Version of Natural...

406

Perspective on the Pipeline of Drugs Being Developed with Modulation of DNA Damage as a Target  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Depth Cancer Centers Work to Optimize Pipelines In recent years, the Valley of Death...Institute/Sam Ogden.] Pushing the Pipeline At MD Anderson's new institute...Corliss Cancer centers work to optimize pipelines. | News

Ruth Plummer

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Black Radicals Make for Bad Citizens: Undoing the Myth of the School to Prison Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

December 13). Prison pipeline hits Black students harder,http://politic365.com/2012/12/13/prison-pipeline-hits-black-The school-to-prison pipeline: Structuring legal reform. New

Sojoyner, Damien M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

MetAMOS: a modular and open source metagenomic assembly and analysis pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

assembly and analysis pipeline. Genome Biology 2013 14:R2.assembly and analysis pipeline Todd J Treangen 1,2† , Sergeyassembly and analysis pipeline. MetAMOS represents an

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Tool Path Planning Generation For Finish Machining of Freeform Surfaces in the Cybercut Process Planning Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CYBERCUT PROCESS PLANNING PIPELINE Paul K. Wright, David A.describes part of a "Pipeline of De- sign and Manufacturingversus surface finish. 2.5D PIPELINE AND 3D SURFACES Figure

Wright, Paul K; Dornfeld, David; Sundararajan, V.; Misra, Debananda

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The use of differential GPS as an inspection tool in the external corrosion control of buried pipelines  

SciTech Connect

A maintenance program was designed to improve the cathodic protection level of two oil gathering pipelines of an oil production facility in Eastern Venezuela. The program was built upon the information obtained from a coating condition evaluation and the soil resistivity profile along the pipeline corridors. The external coating was inspected with the Direct Current Voltage Gradient technique, DCVG; the soil resistivity of the pipeline corridor was measured every 100 meters (328 ft.). All the geographical information was obtained with Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS). This allowed the pipeline operator to relocate all coating defects with a sub metric accuracy that considerably reduced the rehabilitation costs. The coating inspection covered a total distance of twelve thousand, nine hundred and thirty-six meters (12,936 meters). Two hundred and ninety two (292) defects were found; 54 defects belonged to Category 3 and will need immediate repair. The soil corrosiveness along the pipeline corridors was established by the resistivity gradient. Critical areas were established and exploratory digs were recommended to assess exposed metal condition.

Kowalski, A.R. [Asesoria Adiestramiento y Construccion, Caracas (Venezuela)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

411

Pipeline bottoming cycle study. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The technical and economic feasibility of applying bottoming cycles to the prime movers that drive the compressors of natural gas pipelines was studied. These bottoming cycles convert some of the waste heat from the exhaust gas of the prime movers into shaft power and conserve gas. Three typical compressor station sites were selected, each on a different pipeline. Although the prime movers were different, they were similar enough in exhaust gas flow rate and temperature that a single bottoming cycle system could be designed, with some modifications, for all three sites. Preliminary design included selection of the bottoming cycle working fluid, optimization of the cycle, and design of the components, such as turbine, vapor generator and condensers. Installation drawings were made and hardware and installation costs were estimated. The results of the economic assessment of retrofitting bottoming cycle systems on the three selected sites indicated that profitability was strongly dependent upon the site-specific installation costs, how the energy was used and the yearly utilization of the apparatus. The study indicated that the bottoming cycles are a competitive investment alternative for certain applications for the pipeline industry. Bottoming cycles are technically feasible. It was concluded that proper design and operating practices would reduce the environmental and safety hazards to acceptable levels. The amount of gas that could be saved through the year 2000 by the adoption of bottoming cycles for two different supply projections was estimated as from 0.296 trillion ft/sup 3/ for a low supply projection to 0.734 trillion ft/sup 3/ for a high supply projection. The potential market for bottoming cycle equipment for the two supply projections varied from 170 to 500 units of varying size. Finally, a demonstration program plan was developed.

Not Available

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Materials Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solutions for Solutions for Hydrogen Delivery in Pipelines Dr. Subodh K. Das Secat, Inc. September 26, 2007 This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information Project Team SECAT (KY) Project Manager Oregon Steel Mills (OR) Steel Pipe Producer Columbia Gas of Kentucky (KY) NG transporter Schott North America (PA) Glass coatings supplier Chemical Composite Coatings (GA) Composites coatings Advanced Technology Corp. (TN) ABI technology provider ASME (NY) Codes and Standards DGS Metallurgical Solutions (OR) Steel consulting University of Illinois (IL) Basic embrittlement studies Oak Ridge National Laboratory (TN) Applied research Objective and Deliverables Objective: ∑ Develop materials technologies to minimize embrittlement of

413

Praxair extending hydrogen pipeline in Southeast Texas  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Praxair Inc., an independent corporation created by the spinoff of Union Carbide Corp.'s Linde division, is extending its high purity hydrogen pipeline system from Channelview, Tex., to Port Arthur, Tex. The 70 mile, 10 in. extension begins at a new pressure swing adsorption (PSA) purification unit next to Lyondell Petrochemical Co.'s Channelview plant. The PSA unit will upgrade hydrogen offgas from Lyondell's methanol plant to 99.99% purity hydrogen. The new line, advancing at a rate of about 1 mile/day, will reach its first customer, Star Enterprise's 250,000 b/d Port Arthur refinery, in September.

Not Available

1992-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

414

Pipeline transportation of high pour Handil crude  

SciTech Connect

Problems related with the pipeline transportation of high pour Handil (Indonesia) crude between Huntington Beach and Santa Fe Springs, California are discussed. The results of laboratory and field studies of chemical additives for pour depression are presented. A rotational viscometer was used to establish the relevant rheological parameters of treated and untreated crude. Chemical treatment at the 200 ppm level was found to be economically more attractive than the available heating step. A limited discussion is also presented of the use of analytical methods for improved characterization of the wax-wax and wax-additive interactions. 11 refs.

Irani, C.A.; Zajac, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

The QUEST Data Processing Software Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A program that we call the QUEST Data Processing Software Pipeline has been written to process the large volumes of data produced by the QUEST camera on the Samuel Oschin Schmidt Telescope at the Palomar Observatory. The program carries out both aperture and PSF photometry, combines data from different repeated observations of the same portion of sky, and produces a Master Object Catalog. A rough calibration of the data is carried out. This program, as well as the calibration procedures and quality checks on the output are described.

Peter Andrews; Charles Baltay; Anne Bauer; Nancy Ellman; Jonathan Jerke; Rochelle Lauer; David Rabinowitz; Julia Silge

2007-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

416

E-Print Network 3.0 - abandoning pipelines working Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trench; Connecting to existing pipeline and abandoning old pipe section in place... Crossing, Restoration, and Pipeline ... Source: California Energy Commission Collection:...

417

Increasing pipelined IP core utilization in Process Networks using Exploration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Increasing pipelined IP core utilization in Process Networks using Exploration Claudiu Zissulescu pipelined. In this paper, we present an exploration methodology that uses feedback provided by the Laura tool to increase the uti- lization of IP cores embedded in our PN network. Using this exploration, we

Kienhuis, Bart

418

A second order autoregressive based technique for pipeline leak detection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Efficient leak detection techniques need to be characterized both by rapidity and robustness. This paper studies a simple detection method based on the second order autoregressive (AR) parameters of the pipeline signals- a trade-off between the two required ... Keywords: AR models, ROC curves, leak detection, pipeline monitoring

Marllene Daneti

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Gas Pipeline Leaks Across Washington, DC Robert B. Jackson,,, * Adrian Down, Nathan G increased in recent decades, but incidents involving natural gas pipelines still cause an average of 17 fatalities and $133 M in property damage annually. Natural gas leaks are also the largest anthropogenic

Jackson, Robert B.

420

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Issues for H2 Service Materials of Construction Hydrogen Embrittlement Presence of atomic hydrogen susceptible to Hydrogen Embrittlement. #12;Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 7 Copyright: H2 Induced, characteristic of hydrogen embrittlement. Photo Courtesy of NASA/Kennedy Space Center Materials Lab #12;Pipeline

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Dynamic versus Static Load Balancing in a Pipeline Computation \\Lambda  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ ber of data sets is pipelined through a series of tasks and load balancing is performed­ mance and fully utilize the power of parallel machines the load of the computations must be distributedDynamic versus Static Load Balancing in a Pipeline Computation \\Lambda Anna Brunstrom brunstro

Simha, Rahul

422

EIS-0467: Hanford Site Natural Gas Pipeline, Richland, WA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE announces its intent to prepare an EIS for the Acquisition of a Natural Gas Pipeline and Natural Gas Utility Service at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington (Natural Gas Pipeline or NGP EIS), and initiate a 30-day public scoping period.

423

Program permits fast solution to pipeline loop requirements  

SciTech Connect

A program developed for the HP-41CV hand-held calculator can provide pipeline engineers with a quick and easy means for determining loop requirements on existing gas-transmission pipelines. Adding pipe in parallel to an existing pipeline, referred to as looping, is necessary to insure that with a given flow rate, the gas will arrive at a certain point on the pipeline with a pressure equal to or greater than the minimum required pressure. The automatic loop program calculates loop by first determining the total number of segments which require looping within the section of pipeline being evaluated. A section of pipe is usually the pipeline between compressor stations and is divided into segments by either receipt or delivery points along the pipeline. The number of segments which require looping is found by adding loop to individual segments until the final pressure (i.e., the pressure at the point of interest downstream on the pipeline) is equal to or greater than the specified design pressure.

Bierman, G.D.

1983-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

424

A Memory Selection Algorithm for HighPerformance Pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Memory Selection Algorithm for High­Performance Pipelines Smita Bakshi Daniel D. Gajski Technical that the memory organization satisfy both the storage and the performance requirements of the design. In this report, we present an algorithm to select a memory organization, in addition to selecting a pipeline

California at Irvine, University of

425

Recovery economics of coalbed methane and cost implications of pipeline hookup  

SciTech Connect

For Appalachian coal mines, the totaled methane emission rates exceed 180 MMCF/D, with active mines pushing deeper into virgin seams having higher relative gas contents. While most of this gas currently is vented into the atmosphere to prevent gas-related explosions, the technology exists to develop this valuable gas resource either in conjunction with mining or independently. In 1977, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began the Methane Recovery from Coalbeds Project (MRCP) to characterize and help encourage utilization of this resource. Since the project inception, TRW has been involved in the collection and analysis of data, and is in the process of forming a coherent picture of the coalbed methane resource potential for the entire Appalachian region. Preliminary analysis indicates an estimated in-place coalbed methane resource in the Appalachian Basin of up to 150 TCF. Eastern coal operators are beginning to better understand the production potential of coalbed methane. In Buchanan County, Virginia, the Island Creek Coal Company produced up to 434 MCF/d from 12 horizontal boreholes drilled into the mine face. In Alabama, U.S. Steel's mines recently began commercial production and sold 25 MMCF of pipeline quality gas in December of 1981. This study examines the recovery economics of coalbed methane, and specifically addresses the cost implications of pipeline hook-up. An analysis which addresses the size of a project, pipeline construction costs, and anticipated contract gas price helps determine an economical project-topipeline hook-up distance.

Dickehuth, D.A.; Adams, M.A.; Hayoz, F.P.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Prediction for wax deposition in oil pipelines validated by field pigging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The deposition of wax in oil pipelines presents a costly production and transportation problem. The deposited wax is removed periodically by pigging operation in field. In this study, in order to understand this problem and address it, a series of wax deposition experiments involved the sloughing effect was performed in the laboratory flow loop, and a model was established to predict the wax deposition distribution along the pipeline. These results were used to implement a pigging program. In addition, a practical experimental method by testing the viscosity of deposit-in-oil slurry ahead of the pig was specially designed to measure the volume of deposit during pigging in actual field. The model predictions agreed with the field measured results excellently with a relative error being ?10.9%. Of more importance, some pigging issues are discussed in combination with the data from the laboratory simulations and field pigging operation.

Wenda Wang; Qiyu Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

The Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) Vector Magnetic Field Pipeline: Overview and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) began near-continuous full-disk solar measurements on 1 May 2010 from the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). An automated processing pipeline keeps pace with observations to produce observable quantities, including the photospheric vector magnetic field, from sequences of filtergrams. The primary 720s observables were released in mid 2010, including Stokes polarization parameters measured at six wavelengths as well as intensity, Doppler velocity, and the line-of-sight magnetic field. More advanced products, including the full vector magnetic field, are now available. Automatically identified HMI Active Region Patches (HARPs) track the location and shape of magnetic regions throughout their lifetime. The vector field is computed using the Very Fast Inversion of the Stokes Vector (VFISV) code optimized for the HMI pipeline; the remaining 180 degree azimuth ambiguity is resolved with the Minimum Energy (ME0) code. The Milne-Eddington inversion is performed on all full-di...

Hoeksema, J Todd; Hayashi, Keiji; Sun, Xudong; Schou, Jesper; Couvidat, Sebastien; Norton, Aimee; Bobra, Monica; Centeno, Rebecca; Leka, K D; Barnes, Graham; Turmon, Michael J

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Major Program Offices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

101 101 Major Program Offices Doing Business with... Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Environmental Management National Nuclear Security Administration Office of Science Gary G. Lyttek, Business Source Manager FY2010 DOE Procurement Base: $22.9B $1,556 $5,701 $9,523 $3,793 $2,304 $'s - Millions EE EM NNSA SC Other 2 Presentation for the DOE Small Business Conference EERE Funding Opportunity Announcements (FOA) May 2011 3 Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy 4 * The mission and vision of the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is to strengthen America's energy security, environmental quality and economic vitality in public-private partnerships that: * Enhance energy efficiency and productivity

429

Hydrogen Delivery Technologies and Systems - Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technologies and Technologies and Systems Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen Strategic Initiatives for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop May 7- 8, 2003 U.S. Department of Energy â–  Hydrogen, Fuel Cells, and Infrastructure Technologies Program Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 2 Copyright: Design & Operation Standards Relevant Design and Operating Standards ANSI/ASME B31.8 49 CFR 192 CGA H 2 Pipeline Standard (in development) Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen --- 3 Copyright: Future H 2 Infrastructure Wind Powered Electrolytic Separation Local Reformers Users Stationary Power Sources Vehicle Fueling Stations Distance from Source to User (Miles) <500 0-5 <2,000 <50 Off-peak Hydroelectric Powered Electrolytic Separation Large Reformers (scale economies) Pipeline Transmission of Hydrogen

430

EIS-0433: Keystone XL Pipeline | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Keystone XL Pipeline 3: Keystone XL Pipeline EIS-0433: Keystone XL Pipeline SUMMARY The Department of State, with DOE as a cooperating agency, is preparing a Supplemental EIS (SEIS) to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of a revised proposal for the Keystone XL pipeline and related facilities. More information on the SEIS is available here. The proposed Keystone XL project consists of a 1,700-mile crude oil pipeline and related facilities that would primarily be used to transport Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin crude oil from an oil supply hub in Alberta, Canada to delivery points in Oklahoma and Texas. This EIS, prepared by the Department of State, evaluates the environmental impacts of the proposed Keystone XL project. DOE's Western Area Power Administration, a cooperating agency, has jurisdiction over certain

431

Gas Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) Gas Pipeline Safety (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Public Service Commission of West Virginia The Gas Pipeline Safety Section of the Engineering Division is responsible for the application and enforcement of pipeline safety regulations under Chapter 24B of the West Virginia Code and 49 U.S.C. Chapter 601,

432

Use of look-ahead modeling in pipeline operations  

SciTech Connect

Amoco Canada Petroleum Company, Ltd. operates the Cochin pipeline system. Cochin pumps batched liquid ethane, propane, ethylene, butane, and NGL. Operating and scheduling this pipeline is very complex. There are safety considerations, especially for ethylene, which cannot be allowed to drop below vapor pressure. Amoco Canada needs to know where batches are in the line, what pressure profiles will look like into the future, and when batches arrive at various locations along the line. In addition to traditional instrumentation and SCADA, Amoco Canada uses modeling software to help monitor and operate the Cochin pipeline. Two important components of the modeling system are the Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA) and Predictive Model (PM) modules. These modules perform look ahead modeling to assist in operating the Cochin pipeline. The modeling software was first installed for the Cochin system in February of 1994, and was commissioned on August 1, 1994. This paper will discuss how the look ahead modules are used for the Cochin pipeline.

Wray, B.; O`Leary, C.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

433

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference[1] Resources Preparation of Mini-hydro Private Power Projects Off-Grid Village Hydro Subproject Preparation Off-Grid Subprojects Pipeline Development Development of Wind Farm Projects - Local Consultants Bagasse/Rice Husk Co-generation Project Preparation Biomass Cogeneration Projects Preparation Design of a PV Pilot Concession

434

Numerical studies on global buckling of subsea pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Subsea pipelines buckle globally because of their movement relative to surrounding soil. Global buckling is often triggered by high operational temperature of the oil in pipelines, initial imperfections in the pipeline, and/or a combination of both. Pipeline global buckling is a failure mode that must be considered in the design and in-service assessment of submarine pipelines because it can jeopardize the structural integrity of the pipelines. Global buckling is increasingly difficult to control as temperature and pressure increase. Therefore, location prediction and buckling control are critical to pipeline design. Finite element analysis (FEA) is often used to analyze the behavior of pipelines subject to extreme pressures and temperatures. Four numerical simulation methods based on the finite element method (FEM) program ABAQUS, i.e., the 2D implicit, 2D explicit, 3D implicit, and 3D explicit methods, are used to simulate pipeline global buckling under different temperatures. The analysis results of the four typical methods were then compared with classical analytical solutions. The comparison indicates that the results obtained using the 2D implicit and 2D explicit methods are similar and the results obtained using the 2D implicit method are closer to those obtained using traditional analytical solutions. The analysis shows that the results of the 3D implicit and 3D explicit methods are similar, but the results obtained using the 3D methods are significantly different from those obtained using the analytical solution. A novel method to introduce initial pipeline imperfections into the FEA model in global buckling analysis is also presented in this paper.

Run Liu; Hao Xiong; Xinli Wu; Shuwang Yan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production is obtained from proved reserves but the determinants of the scale of production in the industry and country components of the world total are many and complex with some unique to the individual com...

D. C. Ion

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Major Oil Plays In Utah And Vicinity  

SciTech Connect

Utah oil fields have produced over 1.33 billion barrels (211 million m{sup 3}) of oil and hold 256 million barrels (40.7 million m{sup 3}) of proved reserves. The 13.7 million barrels (2.2 million m3) of production in 2002 was the lowest level in over 40 years and continued the steady decline that began in the mid-1980s. However, in late 2005 oil production increased, due, in part, to the discovery of Covenant field in the central Utah Navajo Sandstone thrust belt ('Hingeline') play, and to increased development drilling in the central Uinta Basin, reversing the decline that began in the mid-1980s. The Utah Geological Survey believes providing play portfolios for the major oil-producing provinces (Paradox Basin, Uinta Basin, and thrust belt) in Utah and adjacent areas in Colorado and Wyoming can continue this new upward production trend. Oil plays are geographic areas with petroleum potential caused by favorable combinations of source rock, migration paths, reservoir rock characteristics, and other factors. The play portfolios include descriptions and maps of the major oil plays by reservoir; production and reservoir data; case-study field evaluations; locations of major oil pipelines; identification and discussion of land-use constraints; descriptions of reservoir outcrop analogs; and summaries of the state-of-the-art drilling, completion, and secondary/tertiary recovery techniques for each play. The most prolific oil reservoir in the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province is the eolian, Jurassic Nugget Sandstone, having produced over 288 million barrels (46 million m{sup 3}) of oil and 5.1 trillion cubic feet (145 billion m{sup 3}) of gas. Traps form on discrete subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the depositionally heterogeneous Nugget is also extensively fractured. Hydrocarbons in Nugget reservoirs were generated from subthrust Cretaceous source rocks. The seals for the producing horizons are overlying argillaceous and gypsiferous beds in the Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone, or a low-permeability zone at the top of the Nugget. The Nugget Sandstone thrust belt play is divided into three subplays: (1) Absaroka thrust - Mesozoic-cored shallow structures, (2) Absaroka thrust - Mesozoic-cored deep structures, and (3) Absaroka thrust - Paleozoic-cored shallow structures. Both of the Mesozoic-cored structures subplays represent a linear, hanging wall, ramp anticline parallel to the leading edge of the Absaroka thrust. Fields in the shallow Mesozoic subplay produce crude oil and associated gas; fields in the deep subplay produce retrograde condensate. The Paleozoic-cored structures subplay is located immediately west of the Mesozoic-cored structures subplays. It represents a very continuous and linear, hanging wall, ramp anticline where the Nugget is truncated against a thrust splay. Fields in this subplay produce nonassociated gas and condensate. Traps in these subplays consist of long, narrow, doubly plunging anticlines. Prospective drilling targets are delineated using high-quality, two-dimensional and three-dimensional seismic data, forward modeling/visualization tools, and other state-of-the-art techniques. Future Nugget Sandstone exploration could focus on more structurally complex and subtle, thrust-related traps. Nugget structures may be present beneath the leading edge of the Hogsback thrust and North Flank fault of the Uinta uplift. The Jurassic Twin Creek Limestone play in the Utah/Wyoming thrust belt province has produced over 15 million barrels (2.4 million m{sup 3}) of oil and 93 billion cubic feet (2.6 billion m{sup 3}) of gas. Traps form on discrete subsidiary closures along major ramp anticlines where the low-porosity Twin Creek is extensively fractured. Hydrocarbons in Twin Creek reservoirs were generated from subthrust Cretaceous source rocks. The seals for the producing horizons are overlying argillaceous and clastic beds, and non-fractured units within the Twin Creek. The Twin Creek Limestone thrust belt play is divided into two subplays: (1) Absaroka thrust-Mesozoic-cored structures and (2) A

Thomas Chidsey

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

437

Fuel Cell Technologies Office: 2007 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop 7 Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop The Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group met Sept. 25-26, 2007, to review the progress and results of DOE-sponsored pipeline research and development (R&D) projects. More than 30 researchers and industry representatives shared their research results and discussed the current challenges and future goals for hydrogen pipeline R&D. One of the Pipeline Working Group's near-term goals involves developing standardized test methods and procedures and a round-robin testing plan to ensure consistent results. The workshop featured a review of the draft plan, presentations about the DOE-funded pipeline research projects, and facilitated discussion sessions. The DOE Fuel Cell Technologies Office sponsored the workshop. It was held at the Center for Hydrogen Research in conjunction with the Materials and Components for Hydrogen Infrastructure Codes and Standards Workshop, a joint venture between the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and Savannah River National Laboratory.

438

A Low-Cost Natural Gas/Freshwater Aerial Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offered is a new type of low-cost aerial pipeline for delivery of natural gas, an important industrial and residential fuel, and freshwater as well as other payloads over long distances. The offered pipeline dramatically decreases the construction and operation costs and the time necessary for pipeline construction. A dual-use type of freight pipeline can improve an arid rural environment landscape and provide a reliable energy supply for cities. Our aerial pipeline is a large, self-lofting flexible tube disposed at high altitude. Presently, the term "natural gas" lacks a precise technical definition, but the main components of natural gas are methane, which has a specific weight less than air. A lift force of one cubic meter of methane equals approximately 0.5 kg. The lightweight film flexible pipeline can be located in the Earth-atmosphere at high altitude and poses no threat to airplanes or the local environment. The authors also suggest using lift force of this pipeline in tandem with wing devices for cheap shipment of a various payloads (oil, coal and water) over long distances. The article contains a computed macroproject in northwest China for delivery of 24 billion cubic meter of gas and 23 millions tonnes of water annually.

Alexander Bolonkin; Richard Cathcart

2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

439

A Low-Cost Natural Gas/Freshwater Aerial Pipeline  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offered is a new type of low-cost aerial pipeline for delivery of natural gas, an important industrial and residential fuel, and freshwater as well as other payloads over long distances. The offered pipeline dramatically decreases the construction and operation costs and the time necessary for pipeline construction. A dual-use type of freight pipeline can improve an arid rural environment landscape and provide a reliable energy supply for cities. Our aerial pipeline is a large, self-lofting flexible tube disposed at high altitude. Presently, the term "natural gas" lacks a precise technical definition, but the main components of natural gas are methane, which has a specific weight less than air. A lift force of one cubic meter of methane equals approximately 0.5 kg. The lightweight film flexible pipeline can be located in the Earth-atmosphere at high altitude and poses no threat to airplanes or the local environment. The authors also suggest using lift force of this pipeline in tandem with wing devices for che...

Bolonkin, A; Bolonkin, Alexander; Cathcart, Richard

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A comprehensive analysis of natural gas distribution pipeline incidents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to provide a reference database for pipeline companies and/or regulators with an investigation of safety performance of US natural gas distribution pipelines. With a total of 3,679 natural gas distribution pipeline incidents between 1985 and 2010, nine safety indicators are statistically analysed in terms of the year, pipeline length, regions, pipeline diameter, pipeline wall thickness, material, age, incident area and incident cause to identify the relationship between safety indicators and various variables. Overall average frequencies of incidents, injuries and fatalities between 1985 and 2009 are 0.0846/1,000 mile-years, 0.0407/1,000 mile-years, and 0.0094/1,000 mile-years respectively. The analysis shows that the safety performance of US natural gas distribution pipeline is improving over time, and different variables have different impact on safety performances. However, the number of annual incidents does not show a significant decline due to increasing energy demand. [Received: March 21 2012; Accepted: July 15 2012

Zhenhua Rui; Xiaoqing Wang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Regional Definitions  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Definitions Map Definitions Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 2007/2008 with selected updates Regional Definitions The regions defined in the above map are based upon the 10 Federal Regions of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The State groupings are as follows: Northeast Region - Federal Region 1: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. Federal Region 2: New Jersey, and New York. Federal Region 3:Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Southeast Region - Federal Region 4: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Midwest Region - Federal Region 5: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and

442

Design for acceptable risk in transportation pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work, the probabilistic methods have been used to produce a methodology capable to estimate the acceptable level of risk in a cost-benefit framework. The benefits and the costs are weighed against associated risks to aid the decision making process on risk acceptance, from both the individual and societal perspective. Thereafter, acceptable individual and societal risk levels are defined based on historical trend of non-voluntary deaths and overall national fatalities. An example is used to explore the practical application of the method to critical infrastructures such as petroleum pipelines. The results show that the cost-benefit risk framework provides a safety standard that is acceptable from both individual and societal perspectives.

Alex W. Dawotola; P.H.A.J.M. Van Gelder; J.K. Vrijling

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Determining Asynchronous Acyclic Pipeline Execution Times Val Donaldson and Jeanne Ferrante  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Determining Asynchronous Acyclic Pipeline Execution Times Val Donaldson and Jeanne Ferrante­0114 fvdonalds,ferranteg@cs.ucsd.edu Abstract Pipeline execution is a form of parallelism in which sub. A measure of the execution time of a pipeline is needed to determine if pipelining is an effective form

Ferrante, Jeanne

444

Learning with Probabilistic Features for Improved Pipeline Models Razvan C. Bunescu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Learning with Probabilistic Features for Improved Pipeline Models Razvan C. Bunescu School of EECS for pipeline models aimed at improving the com- munication between consecutive stages in a pipeline. Our method exploits the confidence scores associated with outputs at any given stage in a pipeline in order to compute

Bunescu, Razvan C.

445

A Mesochronous Pipeline Scheme for High Performance Low Power Digital Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Mesochronous Pipeline Scheme for High Performance Low Power Digital Systems Suryanarayana B University Pullman, WA 99164-2752 Email: {statapud, jdelgado}geecs.wsu.edu Abstract- A mesochronous pipeline mesochronous pipeline over conventional pipeline architecture. in size (longer wires with increased parasitic

Delgado-Frias, José G.

446

When One Pipeline Is Not Enough Dartmouth Computer Science Technical Report TR2007-596  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When One Pipeline Is Not Enough Dartmouth Computer Science Technical Report TR2007-596 Thomas H}@cs.dartmouth.edu Elena Riccio Davidson H5 Technologies laneyd@gmail.com Abstract Pipelines that operate on buffers often on disk. Running a single pipeline on each node works well when each pipeline stage consumes and produces

447

Optimized Sampling Frequencies for Weld Reliability Assessments of Long Pipeline Segments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To be on the safe side, regulations require that a pipeline be repaired when it is possible that p â?? p 0 , i.e., when p â?? p 0 . Need for Optimal Resource Allocation for Pipeline As­ sessment: Pipeline repairsOptimized Sampling Frequencies for Weld Reliability Assessments of Long Pipeline Segments Cesar J

Kreinovich, Vladik

448

Optimized Sampling Frequencies for Weld Reliability Assessments of Long Pipeline Segments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. To be on the safe side, regulations require that a pipeline be repaired when it is possible that p p0, i.e., when p p0. Need for Optimal Resource Allocation for Pipeline As- sessment: Pipeline repairs are extremelyOptimized Sampling Frequencies for Weld Reliability Assessments of Long Pipeline Segments Cesar J

Kreinovich, Vladik

449

Residual Magnetic Flux Leakage: A Possible Tool for Studying Pipeline Defects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Residual Magnetic Flux Leakage: A Possible Tool for Studying Pipeline Defects Vijay Babbar1 weaker flux signals. KEY WORDS: Magnetic flux leakage; residual magnetization; pipeline defects; pipeline pipelines, which may develop defects such as corrosion pits as they age in service.(1) Under the ef- fect

Clapham, Lynann

450

High-Level Support for Pipeline Parallelism on Many-Core Architectures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-Level Support for Pipeline Parallelism on Many-Core Architectures Siegfried Benkner1 , Enes the pipeline pattern. We propose C/C++ language annotations for specifying pipeline patterns and describe - International European Conference on Parallel and Distributed Computing - 2012 (2012)" #12;support for pipelined

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

On the current conditions along the Ormen Lange pipeline path during an extreme, idealized storm  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the current conditions along the Ormen Lange pipeline path during an extreme, idealized storm-shore for processing by means of a pipeline. Due to the abrupt topography this pipeline will have many long free spans along a possible path for the pipeline, and in a simulation study the effects on the flow due

Avlesen, Helge

452

A Counterflow Pipeline Experiment Bill Coates, Jo Ebergen, Jon Lexau, Scott Fairbanks, Ian Jones,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Counterflow Pipeline Experiment Bill Coates, Jo Ebergen, Jon Lexau, Scott Fairbanks, Ian Jones The counterflow pipeline architecture [12] consists of two interacting pipelines in which data items flow in op. The maximum total throughput of the chip, which is the sum of the throughputs of the two pipelines, varies

Harris, David Money

453

Simulator Generation Using an Automaton Based Pipeline Model for Timing Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulator Generation Using an Automaton Based Pipeline Model for Timing Analysis Rola Kassem, Mika the description of the pipeline. The description is transformed into an automaton and a set of resources which. The blocks communicate and synchronise with each other in order to handle the pipeline hazards. A pipeline

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

454

Capsule Pipeline Research Center. 3-year Progress report, September 1, 1993--August 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The Capsule Pipeline Research Center is devoted to performing research in capsule pipelines so that this emerging technology can be developed for early use to transport solids including coal, grain, other agricultural products, solid wastes, etc. Important research findings and accomplishments during the first-three years include: success in making durable binderless coal logs by compaction, success in underwater extrusion of binderless coal logs, success in compacting and extruding coal logs with less than 3% hydrophobic binder at room temperature, improvement in the injection system and the pump-bypass scheme, advancement in the state-of-the-art of predicting the energy loss (pressure drop) along both stationary and moving capsules, demonstrated the effectiveness of using polymer for drag reduction in CLP, demonstrated the influence of zeta potential on coal log fabrication, improved understanding of the water absorption properties of coal logs, better understanding of the mechanism of coal log abrasion (wear), completed a detailed economic evaluation of the CLP technology and compared coal transportation cost by CLP to that by rail, truck and slurry pipelines, and completion of several areas of legal research. The Center also conducted important technology transfer activities including workshops, work sessions, company seminars, involvement of companies in CLP research, issuance of newsletters, completion of a video tape on CLP, and presentation of research findings at numerous national and international meetings.

Not Available

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Capability Brief_Pipeline Safety Program.pub  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Program Safety Program Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract number DE-AC05-00OR22725 Research Areas Freight Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle Technologies Capabilities Brief T he Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) provides specialized engineering and technical support to the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA). As a federal regulatory authority with jurisdiction over pipeline safety, PHMSA is responsible for ensuring the safe, reliable, and environmentally sound operation of the nation's network of natural gas and hazardous liquid pipelines. To

456

EIA Report 8/10/06 - Alaska's Prudhoe Bay Crude Oil Pipeline Shutdown  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Alaska Prudhoe Bay Crude Oil Shut-in Alaska Prudhoe Bay Crude Oil Shut-in Facts and Impacts on the U.S. Oil Markets As of Thursday, August 10, 10:00 am Background on Alaska Crude Production and Transport Alaska ranks second, after Texas, among the States in crude oil reserves. On December 31, 2004, Alaska's proved reserves totaled 4,327 million barrels. Although Alaska's production declined from 2 million barrels per day (bbl/d) in 1988 to 864,000 bbl/d in 2005, it is still the second largest oil producing State when Federal offshore production is excluded. Alaskan Production Graph of US Crude Oil Production figure data The Trans-Alaska Pipeline Systems (TAPS) connects the North Slope oil fields with the Port of Valdez in southern Alaska. From Valdez, crude oil is shipped primarily to refineries located on the U.S. West Coast.

457

Production  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Algae production R&D focuses on exploring resource use and availability, algal biomass development and improvements, characterizing algal biomass components, and the ecology and engineering of...

458

EFRC CMSNF Major Accomplishments  

SciTech Connect

The mission of the Center for Material Science of Nuclear Fuels (CMSNF) has been to develop a first-principles-based understanding of thermal transport in the most widely used nuclear fuel, UO2, in the presence of defect microstructure associated with radiation environments. The overarching goal within this mission was to develop an experimentally validated multiscale modeling capability directed toward a predictive understanding of the impact of radiation and fission-product induced defects and microstructure on thermal transport in nuclear fuel. Implementation of the mission was accomplished by integrating the physics of thermal transport in crystalline solids with microstructure science under irradiation through multi institutional experimental and computational materials theory teams from Idaho National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Purdue University, the University of Florida, the University of Wisconsin, and the Colorado School of Mines. The Center’s research focused on five major areas: (i) The fundamental aspects of anharmonicity in UO2 crystals and its impact on thermal transport; (ii) The effects of radiation microstructure on thermal transport in UO2; (iii) The mechanisms of defect clustering in UO2 under irradiation; (iv) The effect of temperature and oxygen environment on the stoichiometry of UO2; and (v) The mechanisms of growth of dislocation loops and voids under irradiation. The Center has made important progress in each of these areas, as summarized below.

D. Hurley; Todd R. Allen

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

EIS-0488: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

88: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG 88: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, LA EIS-0488: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, LA SUMMARY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is preparing an EIS, with DOE as a cooperating agency, to analyze the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to expand the existing Cameron Pipeline by 21 miles (from Calcasieu to Beauregard Parishes, Louisiana, with modifications in Cameron Parish), and expand an existing liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, to enable the terminal to liquefy and export the LNG. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES Comment Period Ends: 03/03/14 DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD January 10, 2014

460

EIS-0488: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG 8: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, LA EIS-0488: Cameron Pipeline Expansion Project and Cameron LNG Liquefaction Project, Cameron Parish, LA SUMMARY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is preparing an EIS, with DOE as a cooperating agency, to analyze the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to expand the existing Cameron Pipeline by 21 miles (from Calcasieu to Beauregard Parishes, Louisiana, with modifications in Cameron Parish), and expand an existing liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, to enable the terminal to liquefy and export the LNG. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 13, 2012 EIS-0488: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hydrogen Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Embrittlement Embrittlement of Pipeline Steels: Causes and Remediation P. Sofronis, I. M. Robertson, D. D. Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Hydrogen Pipeline Working Group Workshop Augusta, GA, August 30, 2005 Funding and Duration * Timeline - Project start date: 7/20/05 - Project end date: 7/19/09 - Percent complete: 0.1% * Budget: Total project funding: 300k/yr * DOE share: 75% * Contractor share: 25% * Barriers - Hydrogen embrittlement of pipelines and remediation (mixing with water vapor?) - Assessment of hydrogen compatibility of the existing natural gas pipeline system for transporting hydrogen - Suitable steels, and/or coatings, or other materials to provide safe and reliable hydrogen transport and reduced capital cost 2 Team and Collaborators 3 * Industrial Partners: SECAT

462

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) Common Pipeline Carriers (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting Any entity that owns, operates, or manages a pipeline for the purpose of transporting crude petroleum, gas, coal, or carbon dioxide within or through the state of North Dakota, or is engaged in the business of

463

EIA - Natural Gas Pipeline Network - Underground Natural Gas...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

LNG Peak Shaving and Import Facilities Map About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines - Transporting Natural Gas based on data through 20072008 with selected updates U.S. LNG Peaking...

464

Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Colorado Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

465

Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline Network...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

consists of thinner-walled, smaller-diameter natural gas pipelines. The predominance of small-scale compressor stations is also reflected in the spread between the mean (average)...

466

Studies of wax deposition in the Trans Alaska pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The crude oil being pumped into the Trans Alaska pipeline experiences considerable cooling during its 800-mile (1,287 km) journey from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez. The conditions during the initial flow period were favorable especially for the deposition of the waxy constituents of the crude on the pipeline wall. As time passed and the crude oil flow rate increased, segments of the pipeline warmed up to temperatures greater than that at which wax deposition occurs. This study investigated mechanisms of wax deposition and determined the expected nature and thickness of deposits in the pipeline as a function of time and distance. Results indicate that deposition during start-up is a consequence of 3 separate mechanisms which transport both dissolved and precipitated waxy residue laterally. 31 references.

Burger, E.D.; Perkins, T.K.; Striegler, J.H.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars per...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

468

Marysville, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Marysville, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

469

Detroit, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Canada (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

individual company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Exports by Point of Exit Detroit, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

470

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

company data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

471

St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Pipeline Imports From Canada (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

data. Release Date: 1302015 Next Release Date: 2272015 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Natural Gas Pipeline Imports by Point of Entry St. Clair, MI Natural Gas Exports to...

472

New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) New Hampshire Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

473

Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Michigan Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

474

Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Utah Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 2,935...

475

Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Ohio Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 19,453...

476

Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 0 0 0...

477

Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Vermont Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

478

North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) North Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4...

479

Missouri Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Missouri Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

480

Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Maine Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "major product pipelines" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Mississippi Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

482

New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) New Jersey Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

483

Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Virginia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

484

California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) California Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

485

Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Arkansas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

486

Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Arizona Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

487

Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Louisiana Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

488

District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8...

489

Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Texas Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

490

Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Maryland Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

491

District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) District of Columbia Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3...

492

Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Massachusetts Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

493

Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Washington Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

494

Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Alabama Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use Price (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5...

495

Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Delaware Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's 13...

496

South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) South Dakota Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

497

Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) Illinois Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

498

Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...

499

South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(Million Cubic Feet) South Carolina Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9...

500

Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

(Million Cubic Feet) Tennessee Natural Gas Pipeline and Distribution Use (Million Cubic Feet) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 1990's...