Integrable magnetic geodesic flows on Lie groups
Alexey A. Magazev; Igor V. Shirokov; Yuriy Y. Yurevich
2011-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
Right-invariant geodesic flows on manifolds of Lie groups associated with 2-cocycles of corresponding Lie algebras are discussed. Algebra of integrals of motion for magnetic geodesic flows is considered and necessary and sufficient condition of integrability in quadratures is formulated. Canonic forms for 2-cocycles of all 4-dimensional Lie algebras are given and integrable cases among them are separated.
A simple realization of gl(2,c) Lie algebra with vector operators on sphere
Q. H. Liu; X. P. Rong; D. M. Xun
2010-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
By utilization of three elementary vector operators as position, angular momentum and their cross product, a simple realization of gl(2,c) Lie algebra on sphere are constructed. The coherent states based on this algebra can then be constructed by standard manner.
Magnetic Moment of Vector Mesons in the Background Field Method
Frank X. Lee; Scott Moerschbacher; Walter Wilcox
2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z
We report some results for the magnetic moments of vector mesons extracted from mass shifts in the presence of static external magnetic fields. The calculations are done on $24^4$ quenched lattices using standard Wilson actions, with $\\beta$=6.0 and pion mass down to 500 MeV. The results are compared to those from the form factor method.
X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
X-Ray Imaging of the Dynamic Magnetic Vortex Core Deformation Print Magnetic thin-film nanostructures can exhibit a magnetic vortex state in which the magnetization vectors lie in...
Predicting the magnetic vectors within coronal mass ejections arriving at Earth
Savani, N P; Szabo, A; Mays, M L; Thompson, B J; Richardson, I G; Evans, R; Pulkkinen, A; Nieves-Chinchilla, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The process by which the Sun affects the terrestrial environment on short timescales is predominately driven by the amount of magnetic reconnection between the solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere. Reconnection occurs most efficiently when the solar wind magnetic field has a southward component. The most severe impacts are during the arrival of a coronal mass ejection (CME) when the magnetosphere is both compressed and magnetically connected to the heliospheric environment, leading to disruptions to, for example, power grids and satellite navigation. Unfortunately, forecasting magnetic vectors within coronal mass ejections remains elusive. Here we report how, by combining a statistically robust helicity rule for a CME's solar origin with a simplified flux rope topology the magnetic vectors within the Earth-directed segment of a CME can be predicted. In order to test the validity of this proof-of-concept architecture for estimating the magnetic vectors within CMEs, a total of eight CME events (between 2010 and...
Observational Evidence of Changing Photospheric Vector Magnetic Fields Associated with Solar Flares
of Sciences, 20A Datun Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100012, China 3. Key Laboratory of Solar ActivityObservational Evidence of Changing Photospheric Vector Magnetic Fields Associated with Solar Flares University, Beijing 100875, China sjt@bao.ac.cn Received ; accepted Not to appear in Nonlearned J., 45. #12
Jacobi-Lie systems: fundamentals and low-dimensional classification
F. J. Herranz; J. de Lucas; C. Sardon
2014-11-30T23:59:59.000Z
A Lie system is a system of differential equations describing the integral curves of a $t$-dependent vector field taking values in a finite-dimensional real Lie algebra of vector fields, a Vessiot-Guldberg Lie algebra. We define and analyze Lie systems possessing a Vessiot-Guldberg Lie algebra of Hamiltonian vector fields relative to a Jacobi manifold, the hereafter called Jacobi-Lie systems. We classify Jacobi-Lie systems on $\\mathbb{R}$ and $\\mathbb{R}^2$. Our results shall be illustrated through examples of physical and mathematical interest.
Lie symmetries for Lie systems: applications to systems of ODEs and PDEs
P. G. Estévez; F. J. Herranz; J. de Lucas; C. Sardón
2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
A {\\it Lie system} is a nonautonomous system of first-order differential equations admitting a {\\it superposition rule}, i.e., a map expressing its general solution in terms of a generic family of particular solutions and some constants. Using that a Lie system can be considered as a curve in a finite-dimensional Lie algebra of vector fields, a so-called {\\it Vessiot--Guldberg Lie algebra}, we associate every Lie system with a Lie algebra of Lie point symmetries induced by the Vessiot--Guldberg Lie algebra. This enables us to derive Lie symmetries of relevant physical systems described by first- and higher-order systems of differential equations by means of Lie systems in an easier way than by standard methods. A generalization of our results to partial differential equations is introduced. Among other applications, Lie symmetries for several new and known generalizations of the real Riccati equation are studied.
Low Lying Magnetic and Electric Dipole Strength Distribution in the Even-Even 164-170Er
Ertugral, F.; Kuliev, A. A. [Sakarya University, Physics Department, Adapazari (Turkey); Guliyev, E. [Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, H.Cavid Avenue 33, Baku (Azerbaijan)
2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
Quasiparticle random-phase approximation calculations, where rotational and translational invariance are restored selfconsistently by using separable effective forces, are presented for the ground state dipole response in the even-even 164-170Er isotopes. We consider the 1+ vibrations generated by the isovector spin-spin interactions and the isoscalar and isovector quadrupole type separable forces restoring the broken symmetry by a deformed mean field. It has been shown that restoration of the broken rotational and translational symmetry of the Hamiltonian essentially decrease the B(M1) and the B(E1) values of the low lying 1+ and 1- states and increase the collectivization of the scissors mode and the electric dipole mode excitations in the spectroscopic energy region. The resulting M1 and E1 spectrum are compared with available experimental data. The calculated dipole strengths summed in the energy range 1.8-4 MeV are in agreement with the relevant experimental data. In this nuclei theory predicts many more low-lying 1+ and 1- states than experiment.
Solar Flare Prediction Using SDO/HMI Vector Magnetic Field Data with a Machine-Learning Algorithm
Bobra, Monica G
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We attempt to forecast M-and X-class solar flares using a machine-learning algorithm, called Support Vector Machine (SVM), and four years of data from the Solar Dynamics Observatory's Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager, the first instrument to continuously map the full-disk photospheric vector magnetic field from space. Most flare forecasting efforts described in the literature use either line-of-sight magnetograms or a relatively small number of ground-based vector magnetograms. This is the first time a large dataset of vector magnetograms has been used to forecast solar flares. We build a catalog of flaring and non-flaring active regions sampled from a database of 2,071 active regions, comprised of 1.5 million active region patches of vector magnetic field data, and characterize each active region by 25 parameters. We then train and test the machine-learning algorithm and we estimate its performances using forecast verification metrics with an emphasis on the True Skill Statistic (TSS). We obtain relatively h...
GLOBAL TWIST OF SUNSPOT MAGNETIC FIELDS OBTAINED FROM HIGH-RESOLUTION VECTOR MAGNETOGRAMS
Tiwari, Sanjiv Kumar; Venkatakrishnan, P. [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, Dewali, Bari Road, Udaipur-313 001 (India); Sankarasubramanian, K. [Space Astronomy and Instrumentation Division, ISRO Satellite Center, Airport Road, Vimanapura, Bangalore-560017 (India)], E-mail: stiwari@prl.res.in, E-mail: pvk@prl.res.in, E-mail: sankark@isac.gov.in
2009-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
The presence of fine structures in sunspot vector magnetic fields has been confirmed from Hinode as well as other earlier observations. We studied 43 sunspots based on the data sets taken from ASP/DLSP, Hinode (SOT/SP), and SVM (USO). In this Letter, (1) we introduce the concept of signed shear angle (SSA) for sunspots and establish its importance for non-force-free fields. (2) We find that the sign of global {alpha} (force-free parameter) is well correlated with that of the global SSA and the photospheric chirality of sunspots. (3) Local {alpha} patches of opposite signs are present in the umbra of each sunspot. The amplitude of the spatial variation of local {alpha} in the umbra is typically of the order of the global {alpha} of the sunspot. (4) We find that the local {alpha} is distributed as alternately positive and negative filaments in the penumbra. The amplitude of azimuthal variation of the local {alpha} in the penumbra is approximately an order of magnitude larger than that in the umbra. The contributions of the local positive and negative currents and {alpha} in the penumbra cancel each other giving almost no contribution for their global values for the whole sunspot. (5) Arc-like structures (partial rings) with a sign opposite to that of the dominant sign of {alpha} of the umbral region are seen at the umbral-penumbral boundaries of some sunspots. (6) Most of the sunspots studied belong to the minimum epoch of the 23rd solar cycle and do not follow the so-called hemispheric helicity rule.
Mariappan, Leo; Hu, Gang [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55455 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55455 (United States); He, Bin, E-mail: binhe@umn.edu [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55455 and Institute of Engineering in Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55455 (United States)] [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55455 and Institute of Engineering in Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minnesota 55455 (United States)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Purpose: Magnetoacoustic tomography with magnetic induction (MAT-MI) is an imaging modality to reconstruct the electrical conductivity of biological tissue based on the acoustic measurements of Lorentz force induced tissue vibration. This study presents the feasibility of the authors' new MAT-MI system and vector source imaging algorithm to perform a complete reconstruction of the conductivity distribution of real biological tissues with ultrasound spatial resolution. Methods: In the present study, using ultrasound beamformation, imaging point spread functions are designed to reconstruct the induced vector source in the object which is used to estimate the object conductivity distribution. Both numerical studies and phantom experiments are performed to demonstrate the merits of the proposed method. Also, through the numerical simulations, the full width half maximum of the imaging point spread function is calculated to estimate of the spatial resolution. The tissue phantom experiments are performed with a MAT-MI imaging system in the static field of a 9.4 T magnetic resonance imaging magnet. Results: The image reconstruction through vector beamformation in the numerical and experimental studies gives a reliable estimate of the conductivity distribution in the object with a ?1.5 mm spatial resolution corresponding to the imaging system frequency of 500 kHz ultrasound. In addition, the experiment results suggest that MAT-MI under high static magnetic field environment is able to reconstruct images of tissue-mimicking gel phantoms and real tissue samples with reliable conductivity contrast. Conclusions: The results demonstrate that MAT-MI is able to image the electrical conductivity properties of biological tissues with better than 2 mm spatial resolution at 500 kHz, and the imaging with MAT-MI under a high static magnetic field environment is able to provide improved imaging contrast for biological tissue conductivity reconstruction.
Kong, Seong Deok
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
a demonstration of remote heating as a function of applied55 Figure 27. Remote magnetic field heating of fluid (water)Figure 27. Remote magnetic field heating of fluid (water)
Gosain, S.; Pevtsov, A. A. [National Solar Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Rudenko, G. V.; Anfinogentov, S. A. [Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP), Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk (Russian Federation)
2013-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
We use daily full-disk vector magnetograms from Vector Spectromagnetograph on Synoptic Optical Long-term Investigations of the Sun system to synthesize the first Carrington maps of the photospheric vector magnetic field. We describe these maps and make a comparison of the observed radial field with the radial field estimate from line-of-sight magnetograms. Furthermore, we employ these maps to study the hemispheric pattern of current helicity density, H{sub c} , during the rising phase of solar cycle 24. The longitudinal average over the 23 consecutive solar rotations shows a clear signature of the hemispheric helicity rule, i.e., H{sub c} is predominantly negative in the north and positive in the south. Although our data include the early phase of cycle 24, there appears to be no evidence for a possible (systematic) reversal of the hemispheric helicity rule at the beginning of the cycle as predicted by some dynamo models. Furthermore, we compute the hemispheric pattern in active region latitudes (-30 Degree-Sign {<=} {theta} {<=} 30 Degree-Sign ) separately for weak (100 G < |B{sub r} | < 500 G) and strong (|B{sub r} | > 1000 G) radial magnetic fields. We find that while the current helicity of strong fields follows the well-known hemispheric rule (i.e., {theta} {center_dot} H{sub c} < 0), H{sub c} of weak fields exhibits an inverse hemispheric behavior (i.e., {theta} {center_dot} H{sub c} > 0), albeit with large statistical scatter. We discuss two plausible scenarios to explain the opposite hemispheric trend of helicity in weak and strong field regions.
Hayashi, Keiji; Liu, Yang; Bobra, Monica G; Sun, Xudong D; Norton, Aimee A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Time-dependent three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulation modules are implemented at the Joint Science Operation Center (JSOC) of Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO). The modules regularly produce three-dimensional data of the time-relaxed minimum-energy state of the solar corona using global solar-surface magnetic-field maps created from Helioseismic Magnetic Imager (HMI) full-disk magnetogram data. With the assumption of polytropic gas with specific heat ratio of 1.05, three types of simulation products are currently generated: i) simulation data with medium spatial resolution using the definitive calibrated synoptic map of the magnetic field with a cadence of one Carrington rotation, ii) data with low spatial resolution using the definitive version of the synchronic frame format of the magnetic field, with a cadence of one day, and iii) low-resolution data using near-real-time (NRT) synchronic format of the magnetic field on daily basis. The MHD data available in the JSOC database are three-dimen...
Energy Levels and Wave Functions of Vector Bosons in Homogeneous Magnetic Field
K. Sogut; A. Havare; I. Acikgoz
2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
We aimed to obtain the energy levels of spin-1 particles moving in a constant magnetic field. The method used here is completely algebraic. In the process to obtain the energy levels the wave function is choosen in terms of Laguerre Polynomials.
Clean measurements of the nucleon axial-vector and free-neutron magnetic form factors
Alexandre Deur
2014-07-21T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the feasibility of a weak charged current experiment using a low energy electron beam. A first goal is to measure the Q^2 dependence of the axial-vector form factor g_a(Q^2). It can be measured model-independently and as robustly as for electromagnetic form factors from typical electron scattering experiments, in contrast to the methods used so far to measure g_a(Q^2). If g_a(Q^2) follows a dipole form, the axial mass can be extracted with a better accuracy than the world data altogether. The most important detection equipment would be a segmented neutron detector with good momentum and angular resolution that is symmetric about the beam direction, and covers a moderate angular range. A high intensity beam (100 uA) is necessary. Beam polarization is highly desirable as it provides a clean measurement of the backgrounds. Beam energies between 70 and 110 MeV are ideal. This range would provide a Q^2 mapping of g_a between 0.01
Clean measurements of the nucleon axial-vector and free-neutron magnetic form factors
Deur, Alexandre P. [JLAB
2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the feasibility of a weak charged current experiment using a low energy electron beam. A first goal is to measure the Q^2 dependence of the axial-vector form factor g_a(Q^2). It can be measured model-independently and as robustly as for electromagnetic form factors from typical electron scattering experiments, in contrast to the methods used so far to measure g_a(Q^2). If g_a(Q^2) follows a dipole form, the axial mass can be extracted with a better accuracy than the world data altogether. The most important detection equipment would be a segmented neutron detector with good momentum and angular resolution that is symmetric about the beam direction, and covers a moderate angular range. A high intensity beam (100 uA) is necessary. Beam polarization is highly desirable as it provides a clean measurement of the backgrounds. Beam energies between 70 and 110 MeV are ideal. This range would provide a Q^2 mapping of g_a between 0.01
Guilfoyle, R.A.; Smith, L.M.
1994-12-27T23:59:59.000Z
A vector comprising a filamentous phage sequence containing a first copy of filamentous phage gene X and other sequences necessary for the phage to propagate is disclosed. The vector also contains a second copy of filamentous phage gene X downstream from a promoter capable of promoting transcription in a bacterial host. In a preferred form of the present invention, the filamentous phage is M13 and the vector additionally includes a restriction endonuclease site located in such a manner as to substantially inactivate the second gene X when a DNA sequence is inserted into the restriction site. 2 figures.
Properties of an axially periodic magnetic field in a betatron
Zvontsov, A.A.; Filinova, V.A.; Chakhlov, V.L.
1983-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown by solving an equation for the vector potential A (r, z) of the magnetic field that under appropriate conditions the focusing properties of a betatron magnetic field are periodic with respect to the z coordinate. Under these conditions there may be several equilibrium orbits lying in parallel planes z = 0, z = z/sub 01/ xxx, z = mz/sub 01/ in the accelerator. An equation is derived for the distance z/sub 01/ between the equilibrium orbit planes for a given orbit radius r/sub 0/ and field decay exponent n/sub 0/. The operation of such accelerators is described.
Filiform Lie algebras of order 3
Navarro, R. M., E-mail: rnavarro@unex.es [Rosa María Navarro. Dpto. de Matemáticas, Universidad de Extremadura, Cáceres (Spain)
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to generalize a very important type of Lie algebras and superalgebras, i.e., filiform Lie (super)algebras, into the theory of Lie algebras of order F. Thus, the concept of filiform Lie algebras of order F is obtained. In particular, for F = 3 it has been proved that by using infinitesimal deformations of the associated model elementary Lie algebra it can be obtained families of filiform elementary lie algebras of order 3, analogously as that occurs into the theory of Lie algebras [M. Vergne, “Cohomologie des algèbres de Lie nilpotentes. Application à l’étude de la variété des algèbres de Lie nilpotentes,” Bull. Soc. Math. France 98, 81–116 (1970)]. Also we give the dimension, using an adaptation of the sl(2,C)-module Method, and a basis of such infinitesimal deformations in some generic cases.
On infinite-dimensional 3-Lie algebras
Ding, Lu; Jia, Xiaoyu [Institute of Applied Mathematics, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China)] [Institute of Applied Mathematics, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Zhang, Wei, E-mail: wzhangbit@gmail.com [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)] [School of Mathematics and Statistics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study some properties of w{sub ?}?3-Lie algebra and SDiff(T{sup 2}) 3-Lie algebra and prove that they do not have non-trivial central extensions.
Filiform Lie algebras of order 3
Rosa Navarro
2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this work is to generalize a very important type of Lie algebras and superalgebras, i.e. filiform Lie (super)algebras, into the theory of Lie algebras of order F$. Thus, the concept of filiform Lie algebras of order F is obtained. In particular, for F=3 it has been proved that by using infinitesimal deformations of the associated model elementary Lie algebra it can be obtained families of filiform elementary lie algebras of order 3, analogously as that occurs into the theory of Lie algebras (Vergne, 1970). Also we give the dimension, using an adaptation of the sl(2,C)-module Method, and a basis of such infinitesimal deformations in some generic cases.
Applications of Lie-Hamilton systems on the plane: Cayley-Klein Riccati equations and beyond
F. J. Herranz; J. de Lucas; C. Sardon
2014-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
A Lie-Hamilton system is a nonautonomous system of first-order ordinary differential equations describing the integral curves of a $t$-dependent vector field taking values in a finite-dimensional real Lie algebra of Hamiltonian vector fields with respect to a Poisson structure. After reviewing the classification of finite-dimensional real Lie algebras of Hamiltonian vector fields on $\\mathbb{R}^2$, we present new Lie-Hamilton systems on the plane with physical, biological and mathematical applications. New results cover Cayley-Klein Riccati equations, the hereafter called planar diffusion Riccati systems and complex Bernoulli equations, all of them with $t$-dependent real coefficients. Furthermore, we study the existence of local diffeomorphisms among new and already known Lie-Hamilton systems on the plane. In particular, we show that the Cayley-Klein Riccati equations describe as particular cases well-known coupled Riccati equations, second-order Kummer-Schwarz equations, Milne-Pinney equations, the harmonic oscillator with $t$-dependent frequency and other systems of physical and mathematical relevance.
E-Print Network 3.0 - ankara vectors enhances Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
of Electronic Structure and Laser... () and magnetic permeability (), where the electric field (E), magnetic field (B), and wave vector (k) form Source: Foundation of...
Contractions of Low-Dimensional Lie Algebras
Maryna Nesterenko; Roman Popovych
2007-01-11T23:59:59.000Z
Theoretical background of continuous contractions of finite-dimensional Lie algebras is rigorously formulated and developed. In particular, known necessary criteria of contractions are collected and new criteria are proposed. A number of requisite invariant and semi-invariant quantities are calculated for wide classes of Lie algebras including all low-dimensional Lie algebras. An algorithm that allows one to handle one-parametric contractions is presented and applied to low-dimensional Lie algebras. As a result, all one-parametric continuous contractions for the both complex and real Lie algebras of dimensions not greater than four are constructed with intensive usage of necessary criteria of contractions and with studying correspondence between real and complex cases. Levels and co-levels of low-dimensional Lie algebras are discussed in detail. Properties of multi-parametric and repeated contractions are also investigated.
Dirac--Lie systems and Schwarzian equations
J. F. Cariñena; J. Grabowski; J. de Lucas; C. Sardón
2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z
A Lie system is a system of differential equations admitting a superposition rule, i.e., a function describing its general solution in terms of any generic set of particular solutions and some constants. Following ideas going back to the Dirac's description of constrained systems, we introduce and analyse a particular class of Lie systems on Dirac manifolds, called Dirac--Lie systems, which are associated with `Dirac--Lie Hamiltonians'. Our results enable us to investigate constants of the motion, superposition rules, and other general properties of such systems in a more effective way. Several concepts of the theory of Lie systems are adapted to this `Dirac setting' and new applications of Dirac geometry in differential equations are presented. As an application, we analyze traveling wave solutions of Schwarzian equations, but our methods can be applied also to other classes of differential equations important for Physics.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Geeks, pay attention! We've got a BioEnergy Atlas, aerosols and climate, sour stuff, and 3D magnetic interactions in this edition of the Geek Up!
The gl(1|1) Lie superbialgebras
A. Eghbali; A. Rezaei-Aghdam
2012-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
By direct calculations of matrix form of super Jacobi and mixed super Jacobi identities which are obtained from adjoint representation, and using the automorphism supergroup of the gl(1|1) Lie superalgebra, we determine and classify all gl(1|1) Lie superbialgebras. Then, by calculating their classical r-matrices, the gl(1j1) coboundary Lie superbialgebras and their types (triangular, quasi-triangular or factorizable) are determined, furthermore in this way super Poisson structures on the GL(1|1) Lie supergroup are obtained. Also, we classify Drinfeld superdoubles based on the gl(1|1) as a theorem. Afterwards, as a physical application of the coboundary Lie superbialgebras, we construct a new integrable system on the homogeneous superspace OSp(1|2)/U(1). Finally, we make use of the Lyakhovsky and Mudrov formalism in order to build up the deformed gl(1|1) Lie superalgebra related to all gl(1|1) coboundary Lie superbialgebras. For one case, the quantization at the supergroup level is also provided, including its quantum R-matrix.
Walker, Thad Gilbert; Lancor, Brian Robert; Wyllie, Robert
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Precise measurements of a precessional rate of noble gas in a magnetic field is obtained by constraining the time averaged direction of the spins of a stimulating alkali gas to lie in a plane transverse to the magnetic field. In this way, the magnetic field of the alkali gas does not provide a net contribution to the precessional rate of the noble gas.
Conservation Laws and Non-Lie Symmetries
Anthony C. L Ashton
2008-10-05T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a method to construct conservation laws for a large class of linear partial differential equations. In contrast to the classical result of Noether, the conserved currents are generated by any symmetry of the operator, including those of the non-Lie type. An explicit example is made of the Dirac equation were we use our construction to find a class of conservation laws associated with a 64 dimensional Lie algebra of discrete symmetries that includes CPT.
Concept of Lie Derivative of Spinor Fields. A Geometric Motivated Approach
Rafael F. Leão; Waldyr A. Rodrigues Jr; Samuel A. Wainer
2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper using the Clifford bundle (Cl(M,g)) and spin-Clifford bundle (Cl_{Spin_{1,3}^{e}}(M,g)) formalism, which permit to give a meaningfull representative of a Dirac-Hestenes spinor field (even section of Cl_{Spin_{1,3}^{e}}(M,g)) in the Clifford bundle , we give a geometrical motivated definition for the Lie derivative of spinor fields in a Lorentzian structure (M,g) where M is a manifold such that dimM =4, g is Lorentzian of signature (1,3). Our Lie derivative, called the spinor Lie derivative (and denoted {\\pounds}_{{\\xi}}) is given by nice formulas when applied to Clifford and spinor fields, and moreoverl {\\pounds}_{{\\xi}}g=0 for any vector field {\\xi}. We compare our definitions and results with the many others appearing in literature on the subject.
Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova
2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents an alternative {\\it relativistic nonlinear} approach to the vacuum case of classical electrodynamics. Our view is based on the understanding that the corresponding differential equations should be dynamical in nature. So, they must represent local energy-momentum balance relations. Formally, the new equations are in terms of appropriately extended Lie derivative of $\\mathbb{R}^2$-valued differential 2-form along a $\\mathbb{R}^2$-valued 2-vector on Minkowski space-time.
Contractions of Lie algebras and algebraic groups
Dietrich Burde
2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
Degenerations, contractions and deformations of various algebraic structures play an important role in mathematics and physics. There are many different definitions and special cases of these notions. We try to give a general definition which unifies these notions and shows the connections among them. Here we focus on contractions of Lie algebras and algebraic groups.
Magnetic Geodesic Flows on Coadjoint Orbits
Alexey V. Bolsinov; Bozidar Jovanovic
2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a class of completely integrable $G$-invariant magnetic geodesic flows on (co)adjoint orbits of a compact connected Lie group $G$ with magnetic field given by the Kirillov-Konstant 2-form.
Convergence of Galerkin Variational Integrators for Vector Spaces and Lie Groups
Hall, James Brian
attraction. Kepler’s law of gravitation states that theSystem under these laws of gravitation is an open question.
The Hamilton-Jacobi equation on Lie affgebroids
Juan Carlos Marrero; Diana Sosa
2005-11-03T23:59:59.000Z
The Hamilton-Jacobi equation for a Hamiltonian section on a Lie affgebroid is introduced and some examples are discussed.
Computing with the Lie correspondence Scott H. Murray
Murray, Scott H.
Computing with the Lie correspondence Scott H. Murray University of Sydney July 30, 2009 #12;Linear: symplectic groups Sp2n(F) Types B and D: orthogonal Types E, F, G: exceptional #12;Almost reductive Lie The Lie algebra of a connected reductive linear algebraic group I sln(F) is almost reductive F has
Vector generator scan converter
Moore, J.M.; Leighton, J.F.
1988-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardware for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold. 7 figs.
Vector generator scan converter
Moore, James M. (Livermore, CA); Leighton, James F. (Livermore, CA)
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
High printing speeds for graphics data are achieved with a laser printer by transmitting compressed graphics data from a main processor over an I/O (input/output) channel to a vector generator scan converter which reconstructs a full graphics image for input to the laser printer through a raster data input port. The vector generator scan converter includes a microprocessor with associated microcode memory containing a microcode instruction set, a working memory for storing compressed data, vector generator hardward for drawing a full graphic image from vector parameters calculated by the microprocessor, image buffer memory for storing the reconstructed graphics image and an output scanner for reading the graphics image data and inputting the data to the printer. The vector generator scan converter eliminates the bottleneck created by the I/O channel for transmitting graphics data from the main processor to the laser printer, and increases printer speed up to thirty fold.
Lecture outline Support vector machines
Terzi, Evimaria
Lecture outline Â· Support vector machines #12;Support Vector Machines Â· Find a linear hyperplane (decision boundary) that will separate the data #12;Support Vector Machines Â· One Possible Solution #12;Support Vector Machines Â· Another possible solution #12;Support Vector Machines Â· Other possible solutions
Lecture outline Support vector machines
Terzi, Evimaria
Lecture outline Â· Support vector machines #12;Support Vector Machines Â· Find a linear hyperplane (decision boundary) that will separate the data #12;Support Vector Machines Â· One Possible Solution B1 #12;Support Vector Machines Â· Another possible solution B2 #12;Support Vector Machines Â· Other possible
33rd International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics Lie`ge, Belgium, May 711, 2001
Leonard, John J.
Preface 33rd International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics Lie`ge, Belgium, May 7Â11, 2001 The International Lie`ge Colloquium on Ocean Dynamics is organized annually. The topic differs from year to year. Assembling a group of active and eminent scien- tists from various countries and often different disci
Dark matter monopoles, vectors and photons
Valentin V. Khoze; Gunnar Ro
2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z
In a secluded dark sector which is coupled to the Standard Model via a Higgs portal interaction we arrange for the existence of 't Hooft-Polyakov magnetic monopoles and study their implications for cosmology. We point out that a dark sector which can accommodate stable monopoles will also contain massless dark photons gamma' as well as charged massive vector bosons W'. The dark matter in this scenario will be a combination of magnetically and electrically charged species under the unbroken U(1) subgroup of the dark sector. We estimate the cosmological production rate of monopoles and the rate of monopole-anti-monopole annihilation and conclude that monopoles with masses of few hundred TeV or greater, can produce sizeable contributions to the observed dark matter relic density. We scan over the parameter space and compute the relic density for monopoles and vector bosons. Turning to the dark photon radiation, we compute their contribution to the measured density of relativistic particles Neff and also apply observational constraints from the Bullet cluster and other large scale galaxies on long-range interactions for the self-interacting dark matter components made out of monopoles and out of dark vector bosons. At scales relevant for dwarf galaxies we identify regions on the parameter space where self-interacting monopole and vector dark mater components can aid solving the core-cusp and the too-big-to-fail problems.
Alexander Milov
2008-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
This article reviews the current status of experimental results obtained in the measurement of light vector mesons produced in proton-proton and heavy ion collisions at different energies. The review is focused on two phenomena related to the light vector mesons; the modification of the spectral shape in search of Chiral symmetry restoration and suppression of the meson production in heavy ion collisions. The experimental results show that the spectral shape of light vector mesons are modified compared to the parameters measured in vacuum. The nature and the magnitude of the modification depends on the energy density of the media in which they are produced. The suppression patterns of light vector mesons are different from the measurements of other mesons and baryons. The mechanisms responsible for the suppression of the mesons are not yet understood. Systematic comparison of existing experimental results points to the missing data which may help to resolve the problem.
Carrigan, Charles R. (Tracy, CA)
2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z
A determination is made of frequency components associated with a particular bearing or location resulting from sources emitting electromagnetic-wave energy for which a Poynting-Vector can be defined. The broadband frequency components associated with a specific direction or location of interest are isolated from other components in the power spectrum that are not associated with the direction or location of interest. The collection of pointing vectors can be used to characterize the source.
E-Print Network 3.0 - avian magnetic compass Sample Search Results
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Liechti Summary: illustrating the functional mode of the avian magnetic compass as an inclination compass: He vector... of the avian magnetic compass. The bird symbol indicates...
M. K. Georgoulis; Barry J. LaBonte
2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
We self-consistently derive the magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity budgets of a three-dimensional linear force-free magnetic structure rooted in a lower boundary plane. For the potential magnetic energy we derive a general expression that gives results practically equivalent to those of the magnetic Virial theorem. All magnetic energy and helicity budgets are formulated in terms of surface integrals applied to the lower boundary, thus avoiding computationally intensive three-dimensional magnetic field extrapolations. We analytically and numerically connect our derivations with classical expressions for the magnetic energy and helicity, thus presenting a so-far lacking unified treatment of the energy/helicity budgets in the constant-alpha approximation. Applying our derivations to photospheric vector magnetograms of an eruptive and a noneruptive solar active regions, we find that the most profound quantitative difference between these regions lies in the estimated free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity budgets. If this result is verified with a large number of active regions, it will advance our understanding of solar eruptive phenomena. We also find that the constant-alpha approximation gives rise to large uncertainties in the calculation of the free magnetic energy and the relative magnetic helicity. Therefore, care must be exercised when this approximation is applied to photospheric magnetic field observations. Despite its shortcomings, the constant-alpha approximation is adopted here because this study will form the basis of a comprehensive nonlinear force-free description of the energetics and helicity in the active-region solar corona, which is our ultimate objective.
Electromagnetic couplings of elementary vector particles
M. Napsuciale; S. Rodriguez; E. G. Delgado-Acosta; M. Kirchbach
2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
On the basis of the three fundamental principles of (i) Poincar\\'{e} symmetry of space time, (ii) electromagnetic gauge symmetry, and (iii) unitarity, we construct an universal Lagrangian for the electromagnetic interactions of elementary vector particles, i.e., massive spin-1 particles transforming in the /1/2,1/2) representation space of the Homogeneous Lorentz Group (HLG). We make the point that the first two symmetries alone do not fix the electromagnetic couplings uniquely but solely prescribe a general Lagrangian depending on two free parameters, here denoted by \\xi and g. The first one defines the electric-dipole and the magnetic-quadrupole moments of the vector particle, while the second determines its magnetic-dipole and electric-quadrupole moments. In order to fix the parameters one needs an additional physical input suited for the implementation of the third principle. As such, one chooses Compton scattering off a vector target and requires the cross section to respect the unitarity bounds in the high energy limit. In result, we obtain the universal g=2, and \\xi=0 values which completely characterize the electromagnetic couplings of the considered elementary vector field at tree level. The nature of this vector particle, Abelian versus non-Abelian, does not affect this structure. Merely, a partition of the g=2 value into non-Abelian, g_{na}, and Abelian, g_{a}=2-g_{na}, contributions occurs for non-Abelian fields with the size of g_{na} being determined by the specific non-Abelian group appearing in the theory of interest, be it the Standard Model or any other theory.
High performance magnetic bearing systems using high temperature superconductors
Abboud, Robert G. (Barrington Hills, IL)
1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetic bearing apparatus and a method for providing at least one stabilizing force in a magnetic bearing structure with a superconducting magnetic assembly and a magnetic assembly, by providing a superconducting magnetic member in the superconducting magnetic assembly with a plurality of domains and arranging said superconducting magnetic member such that at least one domain has a domain C-axis vector alignment angularly disposed relative to a reference axis of the magnetic member in the magnetic assembly.
High performance magnetic bearing systems using high temperature superconductors
Abboud, R.G.
1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
Disclosed are a magnetic bearing apparatus and a method for providing at least one stabilizing force in a magnetic bearing structure with a superconducting magnetic assembly and a magnetic assembly, by providing a superconducting magnetic member in the superconducting magnetic assembly with a plurality of domains and arranging said superconducting magnetic member such that at least one domain has a domain C-axis vector alignment angularly disposed relative to a reference axis of the magnetic member in the magnetic assembly. 7 figs.
Poincare Polinomials of Hyperbolic Lie Algebras of Rank Three
Meltem Gungormez
2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z
In view of a previous work, we explicitly give the Poincare polinomials of 19 Hyperbolic Lie algebras of rank 3. It is seen that every one of these polinomials is expressed as the ratio of Poincare polinomial of $B_3$ Lie algebra and a polinomial of finite degree.
Project Application: Lie Theory and Applications Short description
Michor, Peter W.
Project Application: Lie Theory and Applications Short description Several lines of investigation. Approximations procedures on regular FrÂ´echet Lie groups aiming towards solving certain non-linear partial differential equations. We want to apply a new approximation procedure to nonlinear partial differential
Construction of Lie Superalgebras from Triple Product Systems
Susumu Okubo
2003-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
Any simple Lie superalgebras over the complex field can be constructed from some triple systems. Examples of Lie superalgebras $D(2,1;\\alpha)$, G(3) and F(4) are given by utilizing a general construction method based upon $(-1,-1)$ balanced Freudenthal-Kantor triple system.
Differential Vector Introduction
Vickers, James
be differentiated with respect to position in three ways to produce another vector field or scalar field plate heated at one corner and cooled by an ice bag at the opposite corner. All edges and surfaces Calculus 2 #12;contours are shown in the diagram. heat source ice bag 5 10 1520 2530 35 heat source ice bag
Synchrotron radiation of vector bosons at relativistic colliders
Kirill Tuchin
2014-07-09T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetic fields produced in collisions of electrically charged particles at relativistic energies are strong enough to affect the dynamics of the strong interactions. In particular, it induces radiation of vector bosons by relativistic fermions. To develop deeper insight into this problem, I calculate the corresponding spectrum in constant magnetic field and analyze its angular distribution and mass dependence. As an application, I consider synchrotron radiation of virtual photon by the quark-gluon plasma.
Measurement of the Vector and Tensor Polarisation of Proton and Deuteron Beams
The GEM Collaboration; M. Lesiak; M. Abdel-Bary; A. Budzanowski; A. Chatterjee; J. Ernst; R. Gebel; P. Hawranek; R. Jahn; V. Jha; K. Kilian; S. Kliczewski; Da. Kirillov; Di. Kirillov; D. Kolev; M. Kravcikova; T. Kutsarova; J. Lieb; H. Machner; A. Magiera; R. Maier; G. Martinska; S. Nedev; N. Piskunov; D. Prasuhn; D. Protic; P. von Rossen; B. J. Roy; I. Sitnik; R. Siudak; R. Tsenov; M. Ulicny; J. Urban; G. Vankova; C. Wilkin
2005-12-14T23:59:59.000Z
Measurement of the d + d -> 4He + eta reaction using vector and tensor polarised beam has been performed at COSY using Big Karl magnetic spectrograph. The beam polarisation necessary for obtaining the vector and tensor analysing power for this reaction was measured. The method and the results of the tensor polarisation measurement of the deuteron beam are presented.
Exceptional Lie Groups, E-infinity Theory and Higgs Boson
Ayman A. El-Okaby
2007-12-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we study the correlation between the exceptional lie groups and El-Naschie's transfinite E-infinity spacetime theory. Subsequently this is used to calculate the number of elementary particles in the standard model, mass of the Higgs boson and some coupling constants.
An introduction to Lie group integrators – basics, new developments and applications
Celledoni, Elena, E-mail: elenac@math.ntnu.no [Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)] [Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Marthinsen, Håkon, E-mail: hakonm@math.ntnu.no [Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)] [Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway); Owren, Brynjulf, E-mail: bryn@math.ntnu.no [Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)] [Department of Mathematical Sciences, NTNU, N-7491 Trondheim (Norway)
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We give a short and elementary introduction to Lie group methods. A selection of applications of Lie group integrators are discussed. Finally, a family of symplectic integrators on cotangent bundles of Lie groups is presented and the notion of discrete gradient methods is generalised to Lie groups.
Application of the lie-transform perturbation theory for the turn-by-turn data analysis
Alexahin, Y.; /Fermilab
2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Harmonic analysis of turn-by-turn BPM data is a rich source of information on linear and nonlinear optics in circular machines. In the present report the normal form approach first introduced by R. Bartolini and F. Schmidt is extended on the basis of the Lie-transform perturbation theory to provide direct relation between the sources of perturbation and observable spectra of betatron oscillations. The goal is to localize strong perturbing elements, find the resonance driving terms--both absolute value and phase--that are necessary for calculation of the required adjustments in correction magnet circuits: e.g. skew-quadrupoles for linear coupling correction. The theory is nonlinear and permits to analyze higher order effects, such as coupling contribution to beta-beating and nonlinear sum resonances.
247VECTORIZING THE COMMUNITY LAND MODEL VECTORIZING THE COMMUNITY
Hoffman, Forrest M.
systems models (including the CLM) on vector architectures. However, the prior development of the CLM in Japan and the Cray X1 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) spawned renewed interest in running Earth
Clustering Categories in Support Vector Machines
Emilio Carrizosa
2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 23, 2014 ... Abstract: Support Vector Machines (SVM) is the state-of-the-art in Supervised Classification. In this paper the Cluster Support Vector Machines ...
Supernova Recognition using Support Vector Machines
Romano, Raquel A.; Aragon, Cecilia R.; Ding, Chris
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
tion Using Support Vector Machines and Neural Networks.using Support Vector Machines Raquel A. Romano Cecilia R.nding supernovae do not employ machine learning techniques.
Lie-transform theory of transport in plasma turbulence
Wang, Shaojie, E-mail: wangsj@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
From the Vlasov equation, a phase-space transport equation is derived by using the Lie-transform approach, and its connection with the quasilinear transport, nonlinear stochastic transport, and fractional transport equations are discussed. The phase-space transport equation indicates a particle redistribution in the real space induced by the inhomogeneity in the energy space distribution and by the correlation between the change of position and the change of energy.
Electric-magnetic duality implies (global) conformal invariance
Sung-Pil Moon; Sang-Jin Lee; Ji-Hye Lee; Jae-Hyuk Oh
2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
We have examined quantum theories of electric magnetic duality invariant vector fields enjoying classical conformal invariance in 4-dimensional flat spacetime. We extend Dirac's argument about "the conditions for a quantum field theory to be relativistic" to "those for a quantum theory to be conformal". We realize that electric magnetic duality invariant vector theories together with classical conformal invariance defined in 4-$d$ flat spacetime are still conformally invariant theories when they are quantized in a way that electric magnetic duality is manifest.
Matrix adaptation in discriminative vector quantization
Zachmann, Gabriel
. Gabriel Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Matrix adaptation in discriminative vector quantization Petra
Matrix Learning in Learning Vector Quantization
Biehl, Michael
Zachmann (Computer Graphics) #12;Matrix Learning in Learning Vector Quantization Michael Biehl1 , Barbara
Low-lying Collective States in {sup 136}Ba
Scheck, M. [Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, GB (United Kingdom); Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Mukhopadhyay, S.; Crider, B.; Choudry, S. N.; Elhami, E.; Peters, E. E.; McEllistrem, M. T.; Orce, J. N. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Yates, S. W. [Dept. of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States); Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States)
2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z
Low-lying collective states in {sup 136}Ba were investigated with (n,n'{gamma}) techniques, including Doppler-shift attenuation lifetime measurements. The level spins, lifetimes, branching ratios, multipole-mixing ratios and transition strengths reveal candidates for symmetric-phonon states up to third order. The 2{sub ms}{sup +} mixed-symmetry state was confirmed as unfragmented and a candidate for a [2{sub 1}{sup +} x 2{sub ms}{sup +}]{sub 3}{sup +} two-phonon mixed-symmetry state is proposed.
Hom Gel'fand-Dorfman bialgebras and Hom-Lie conformal algebras
Yuan, Lamei, E-mail: lmyuan@hit.edu.cn [Science Research Center, Academy of Fundamental and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080 (China)] [Science Research Center, Academy of Fundamental and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150080 (China)
2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The aim of this paper is to introduce the notions of Hom Gel'fand-Dorfman bialgebra and Hom-Lie conformal algebra. In this paper, we give four constructions of Hom Gel'fand-Dorfman bialgebras. Also, we provide a general construction of Hom-Lie conformal algebras from Hom-Lie algebras. Finally, we prove that a Hom Gel'fand-Dorfman bialgebra is equivalent to a Hom-Lie conformal algebra of degree 2.
Simultaneous description of low-lying positive and negative parity bands in heavy even-even nuclei
H. G. Ganev
2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
The low-lying spectra including the first few excited positive and negative parity bands of some heavy even-even nuclei from the rare earth and actinide mass regions are investigated within the framework of the symplectic Interacting Vector Boson Model with Sp(12,$R$) dynamical symmetry group. Symplectic dynamical symmetries allow the change of the number of excitation quanta or phonons building the collective states providing for larger representation spaces and richer subalgebraic structures to incorporate more complex nuclear spectra. The theoretical predictions for the energy levels and the electromagnetic transitions between the collective states of the ground state band and $K^{\\pi}=0^{-}$ band are compared with experiment and some other collective models incorporating octupole and/or dipole degrees of freedom. The energy staggering which is a sensitive indicator of the octupole correlations in the even-even nuclei is also calculated and compared with experiment. The results obtained for the energy levels, energy staggering and transition strengths reveal the relevance of the used dynamical symmetry of the model for the simultaneous description of both positive and negative parity low-lying collective bands.
The Lie algebraic significance of symmetric informationally complete measurements
Appleby, D. M.; Flammia, Steven T.; Fuchs, Christopher A. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 2Y5 (Canada)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
Examples of symmetric informationally complete positive operator-valued measures (SIC-POVMs) have been constructed in every dimension {<=}67. However, it remains an open question whether they exist in all finite dimensions. A SIC-POVM is usually thought of as a highly symmetric structure in quantum state space. However, its elements can equally well be regarded as a basis for the Lie algebra gl(d,C). In this paper we examine the resulting structure constants, which are calculated from the traces of the triple products of the SIC-POVM elements and which, it turns out, characterize the SIC-POVM up to unitary equivalence. We show that the structure constants have numerous remarkable properties. In particular we show that the existence of a SIC-POVM in dimension d is equivalent to the existence of a certain structure in the adjoint representation of gl(d,C). We hope that transforming the problem in this way, from a question about quantum state space to a question about Lie algebras, may help to make the existence problem tractable.
Compilation techniques for short-vector instructions
Larsen, Samuel (Samuel Barton), 1975-
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Multimedia extensions are nearly ubiquitous in today's general-purpose processors. These extensions consist primarily of a set of short-vector instructions that apply the same opcode to a vector of operands. This design ...
CLASSIFYING MICROARRAY DATA USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES
Mukherjee, Sayan
Chapter 9 CLASSIFYING MICROARRAY DATA USING SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINES Sayan Mukherjee Post biological systems. Molecular classification approaches based on machine learning algorithms applied to DNA., 2001). One particular machine learning algorithm, Support Vector Machines (SVMs), has shown promise
Measurement of the somatosensory magnetic evoked potential
Pashkoff, Benjamin Lewis
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and the element, and the direction of movement of j (see figure 1). The -7 constant, s0, the permeability of free space, is 4s*10 Tesla- meter/ampere. The total magnetic field is the vector sum of these separate elements. Any magnetic field with a source... of the surrounding magnetic noise is greater than the amplitude of the signal from the brain by many orders of magnitude. The steady -4 magnetic field of the Earth is on the order of 1~10 Tesla (T), while the average amplitude of the magnetic field of the brain...
Dirac quantization of the vector superfield
Barcelos-Neto, J.; Braga, N.R.F.
1989-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
We use the Dirac quantization method in superspace to quantize the Abelian vector superfield in the Wess-Zumino gauge.
Optimization Online - Vector Space Decomposition for Linear ...
Jean Bertrand Gauthier
2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
Feb 26, 2015 ... Abstract: This paper describes a vector space decomposition algorithmic framework for linear programming guided by dual feasibility ...
Full vector low-temperature magnetic measurements of geologic materials
Feinberg, Joshua M; Solheid, Peter A; Swanson-Hysell, Nicholas L; Jackson, Mike J; Bowles, Julie A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the early history of the solar system. The assemblage ofas they pass by the Sun (at solar perigee) or as they enter
Bret, A., E-mail: antoineclaude.bret@uclm.es [ETSI Industriales, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain and Instituto de Investigaciones Energéticas y Aplicaciones Industriales, Campus Universitario de Ciudad Real, 13071 Ciudad Real (Spain)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The filamentation (Weibel) instability plays a key role in the formation of collisionless shocks which are thought to produce Gamma-Ray-Bursts and High-Energy-Cosmic-Rays in astrophysical environments. While it has been known for long that a flow-aligned magnetic field can completely quench the instability, it was recently proved in 2D that in the cold regime, such cancelation is possible if and only if the field is perfectly aligned. Here, this result is finally extended to a 3D geometry. Calculations are conducted for symmetric and asymmetric counter-streaming relativistic plasma shells. 2D results are retrieved in 3D: the instability can never be completely canceled for an oblique magnetic field. In addition, the maximum growth-rate is always larger for wave vectors lying in the plan defined by the flow and the oblique field. On the one hand, this bears consequences on the orientation of the generated filaments. On the other hand, it certifies 2D simulations of the problem can be performed without missing the most unstable filamentation modes.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdatesValley wins 2015 Science
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered energy consumption by sectorlongUpdatesValley wins 2015 ScienceRunning jobs File
Gauge Theories on de Sitter space and Killing Vectors
Rabin Banerjee
2006-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
We provide a general method for studying a manifestly covariant formulation of $p$-form gauge theories on the de Sitter space. This is done by stereographically projecting the corresponding theories, defined on flat Minkowski space, onto the surface of a de Sitter hyperboloid. The gauge fields in the two descriptions are mapped by conformal Killing vectors allowing for a very transparent analysis and compact presentation of results. As applications, the axial anomaly is computed and the electric-magnetic duality is exhibited. Finally, the zero curvature limit is shown to yield consistent results.
Space Vector PWM Control Synthesis for a H-Bridge Drive in Electric Vehicles
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Space Vector PWM Control Synthesis for a H-Bridge Drive in Electric Vehicles A. Kolli1 , Student Magnet Synchronous Machine in Electric Vehicle application. First, a short survey of existing power control methods are compared with three innovative ones using EV-drive specifications in the normal
The Higgs mass derived from the U(3) Lie group
Trinhammer, Ole L; Jensen, Mogens Stibius
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Higgs mass value is derived from a Hamiltonian on the Lie group U(3) where we relate strong and electroweak energy scales. The baryon states of nucleon and delta resonances originate in specific Bloch wave degrees of freedom coupled to a Higgs mechanism which also gives rise to the usual gauge boson masses. The derived Higgs mass is around 125 GeV. From the same Hamiltonian we derive the relative neutron to proton mass ratio. All compare rather well with the experimental values. We predict scarce neutral flavour baryon singlets that should be visible in scattering cross sections for negative pions on protons, in photoproduction on neutrons, in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments and in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays. The fundamental predictions are based on just one length scale and the fine structure constant. More particular predictions rely also on the weak mixing angle and the up-down quark flavour mixing matrix element. With differential forms on the measure...
The Higgs mass derived from the U(3) Lie group
Ole L. Trinhammer; Henrik G. Bohr; Mogens Stibius Jensen
2014-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Higgs mass value is derived from a Hamiltonian on the Lie group U(3) where we relate strong and electroweak energy scales. The baryon states of nucleon and delta resonances originate in specific Bloch wave degrees of freedom coupled to a Higgs mechanism which also gives rise to the usual gauge boson masses. The derived Higgs mass is around 125 GeV. From the same Hamiltonian we derive the relative neutron to proton mass ratio. All compare rather well with the experimental values. We predict scarce neutral flavour baryon singlets that should be visible in scattering cross sections for negative pions on protons, in photoproduction on neutrons, in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments and in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays. The fundamental predictions are based on just one length scale and the fine structure constant. More particular predictions rely also on the weak mixing angle and the up-down quark flavour mixing matrix element. With differential forms on the measure-scaled wavefunction, we could generate approximate parton distribution functions for the u and d valence quarks of the proton that compare well with established experimental analysis.
E-Print Network 3.0 - affine lie algebras Sample Search Results
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are a generaliza- tion of affine Lie ... Source: Neher, Erhard - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Ottawa Collection: Mathematics 2 October 30, 2007...
Analysis of the optics of the Final Focus Test Beam using Lie algebra based techniques
Roy, G.J.
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report discusses the analysis of the beam optics of the final focus test beam at the Stanford Linear Collider using Lie algebra. (LSP).
A Vector-Like Fourth Generation with A Discrete Symmetry From Split-UED
Kong, Kyoungchul; /SLAC; Park, Seong Chan; /Tokyo U., IPMU; Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC
2011-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
Split-UED allows for the possibility that the lowest lying KK excitations of the Standard Model fermions can be much lighter than the corresponding gauge or Higgs KK states. This can happen provided the fermion bulk masses are chosen to be large, in units of the inverse compactification radius, 1/R, and negative. In this setup, all of the other KK states would be effectively decoupled from low energy physics. Such a scenario would then lead to an apparent vector-like fourth generation with an associated discrete symmetry that allows us to accommodate a dark matter candidate. In this paper the rather unique phenomenology presented by this picture will be examined.
Thermomagnetic burn control for magnetic fusion reactor
Rawls, John M. (Del Mar, CA); Peuron, Unto A. (Solana Beach, CA)
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Apparatus is provided for controlling the plasma energy production rate of a magnetic-confinement fusion reactor, by controlling the magnetic field ripple. The apparatus includes a group of shield sectors (30a, 30b, etc.) formed of ferromagnetic material which has a temperature-dependent saturation magnetization, with each shield lying between the plasma (12) and a toroidal field coil (18). A mechanism (60) for controlling the temperature of the magnetic shields, as by controlling the flow of cooling water therethrough, thereby controls the saturation magnetization of the shields and therefore the amount of ripple in the magnetic field that confines the plasma, to thereby control the amount of heat loss from the plasma. This heat loss in turn determines the plasma state and thus the rate of energy production.
Thermomagnetic burn control for magnetic fusion reactor
Rawls, J.M.; Peuron, A.U.
1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Apparatus is provided for controlling the plasma energy production rate of a magnetic-confinement fusion reactor, by controlling the magnetic field ripple. The apparatus includes a group of shield sectors formed of ferromagnetic material which has a temperature-dependent saturation magnetization, with each shield lying between the plasma and a toroidal field coil. A mechanism for controlling the temperature of the magnetic shields, as by controlling the flow of cooling water therethrough, thereby controls the saturation magnetization of the shields and therefore the amount of ripple in the magnetic field that confines the plasma, to thereby control the amount of heat loss from the plasma. This heat loss in turn determines the plasma state and thus the rate of energy production.
STEIN'S METHOD, HEAT KERNEL, AND TRACES OF POWERS OF ELEMENTS OF COMPACT LIE GROUPS
Fulman, Jason
STEIN'S METHOD, HEAT KERNEL, AND TRACES OF POWERS OF ELEMENTS OF COMPACT LIE GROUPS JASON FULMAN Abstract. Combining Stein's method with heat kernel techniques, we show that the trace of the jth power There is a large literature on the traces of powers of random elements of compact Lie groups. One of the earliest
STEIN'S METHOD, HEAT KERNEL, AND TRACES OF POWERS OF ELEMENTS OF COMPACT LIE GROUPS
Fulman, Jason
STEIN'S METHOD, HEAT KERNEL, AND TRACES OF POWERS OF ELEMENTS OF COMPACT LIE GROUPS JASON FULMAN Abstract. Combining Stein's method with heat kernel techniques, we show that the trace of the jth power on the traces of powers of random elements of compact Lie groups. One of the earliest results is due to Diaconis
Abedi-Fardad, J., E-mail: j.abedifardad@bonabu.ac.ir [Department of Mathematics, Bonab University, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Rezaei-Aghdam, A., E-mail: rezaei-a@azaruniv.edu [Department of Physics, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, 53714-161 Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Haghighatdoost, Gh., E-mail: gorbanali@azaruniv.edu [Department of Mathematics, Bonab University, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Mathematics, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We construct integrable and superintegrable Hamiltonian systems using the realizations of four dimensional real Lie algebras as a symmetry of the system with the phase space R{sup 4} and R{sup 6}. Furthermore, we construct some integrable and superintegrable Hamiltonian systems for which the symmetry Lie group is also the phase space of the system.
J. Abedi-Fardad; A. Rezaei-Aghdam; Gh. Haghighatdoost
2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
We construct integrable and superintegrable Hamiltonian systems using the realizations of four dimensional real Lie algebras as a symmetry of the system with the phase space R4 and R6. Furthermore, we construct some integrable and superintegrable Hamiltonian systems for which the symmetry Lie group is also the phase space of the system.
Introduction to vectors and tensors, Vol 2: vector and tensor analysis
Bowen, Ray M.; Wang, C.-C.
2006-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
This is the second volume of a two-volume work on vectors and tensors. Volume 1 is concerned with the algebra of vectors and tensors, while this volume is concerned with the geometrical aspects of vectors and tensors. This volume begins with a...
x-ray resonant magnetic reflectivity of stratified magnetic structures: eigen-wave formalism regime up to soft and hard x-rays. The originality of the present formalism lies in the use of eigen-waves throughout the treatment. An application to a Fe thin film illustrates the methodology. I. INTRODUCTION X-ray
Adjustable permanent magnet assembly for NMR and MRI
Pines, Alexander; Paulsen, Jeffrey; Bouchard, Louis S; Blumich, Bernhard
2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z
System and methods for designing and using single-sided magnet assemblies for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are disclosed. The single-sided magnet assemblies can include an array of permanent magnets disposed at selected positions. At least one of the permanent magnets can be configured to rotate about an axis of rotation in the range of at least +/-10 degrees and can include a magnetization having a vector component perpendicular to the axis of rotation. The single-sided magnet assemblies can further include a magnet frame that is configured to hold the permanent magnets in place while allowing the at least one of the permanent magnets to rotate about the axis of rotation.
Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic
Narasayya, Vivek
Knowledge discovery using data mined from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectral images William J cyberinfrastructure · Method Solid State ab initio calculations Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Support Vector refined (and/or relaxed) structure, perform Self-Consistent Field calculation for electronic structure
The interplay of long-range magnetic order and single-ion anisotropy in rare earth nickel germanides
Islam, Z.
1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
This dissertation is concerned with the interplay of long-range order and anisotropy in the tetragonal RNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R = rare earth) family of compounds. Microscopic magnetic structures were studied using both neutron and x-ray resonant exchange scattering (XRES) techniques. The magnetic structures of Tb, Dy, Eu and Gd members have been determined using high-quality single-crystal samples. This work has correlated a strong Fermi surface nesting to the magnetic ordering in the RNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} compounds. Generalized susceptibility, {chi}{sub 0}(q), calculations found nesting to be responsible for both incommensurate ordering wave vector in GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}, and the commensurate structure in EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. A continuous transition from incommensurate to commensurate magnetic structures via band filling is predicted. The surprisingly higher T{sub N} in EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} than that in GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} is also explained. Next, all the metamagnetic phases in TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} with an applied field along the c axis have been characterized with neutron diffraction measurements. A mixed phase model for the first metamagnetic structure consisting of fully-saturated as well as reduced-moment Tb ions is presented. The moment reduction may be due to moment instability which is possible if the exchange is comparable to the low-lying CEF level splitting and the ground state is a singlet. In such a case, certain Tb sites may experience a local field below the critical value needed to reach saturation.
On the magnetic order of Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 3}
Cadogan, J. M. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, ACT BC 2610 (Australia); Ryan, D. H., E-mail: dhryan@physics.mcgill.ca [Physics Department and Centre for the Physics of Materials, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada); Mudryk, Ya.; Pecharsky, V. K.; Gschneidner, K. A. [Ames Laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-3020, USA and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011-2300 (United States)
2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
We have investigated the magnetic structure of Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 3} by neutron powder diffraction down to 3.6?K. This compound presents three events in the heat capacity which we show are related to fundamental changes in the magnetic order. The primary antiferromagnetic ordering occurs at 82(2) K and produces a magnetic cell that is tripled with respect to the underlying orthorhombic crystal cell. The propagation vector is k{sub 1}=[0?0?1/3 ]. At 74(2) K, the magnetic order becomes “anti-C” with a propagation vector k{sub 2}?=?[1 0 0]. A third change in the magnetic order occurs at 40(2) K, and the new magnetic structure is essentially the “anti-C” structure but with the addition of a tripled magnetic component corresponding to a propagation vector k{sub 3}?=?[1/3 ?0?0].
Stoilova, N I
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An orthogonal basis of weight vectors for a class of infinite-dimensional representations of the orthosymplectic Lie superalgebra osp(2m+1|2n) is introduced. These representations are particular lowest weight representations V(p), with a lowest weight of the form [-p/2,...,-p/2|p/2,...,p/2], p being a positive integer. Explicit expressions for the transformation of the basis under the action of algebra generators are found. Since the relations of algebra generators correspond to the defining relations of m pairs of parafermion operators and n pairs of paraboson operators with relative parafermion relations, the parastatistics Fock space of order p is also explicitly constructed. Furthermore, the representations V(p) are shown to have interesting characters in terms of supersymmetric Schur functions, and a simple character formula is also obtained.
Monte Carlo Filtering on Lie Groups Alessandro Chiuso 1 and Stefano Soatto 2
Soatto, Stefano
Monte Carlo Filtering on Lie Groups Alessandro Chiuso 1 and Stefano Soatto 2 Abstract We propose to be consistent with the updated conditional distribution. The algorithm proposed, like other Monte Carlo methods
Low-Lying Isomers of the B9- Boron Cluster: The Planar Molecular...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Isomers of the B9- Boron Cluster: The Planar Molecular Wheel Versus Three-Dimensional Structures. Low-Lying Isomers of the B9- Boron Cluster: The Planar Molecular Wheel Versus...
THE MAGNETIC ENERGY-HELICITY DIAGRAM OF SOLAR ACTIVE REGIONS
Tziotziou, Kostas; Georgoulis, Manolis K. [Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics (RCAAM), Academy of Athens, 4 Soranou Efesiou Street, Athens, GR-11527 (Greece); Raouafi, Nour-Eddine [Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL), 11100 Johns Hopkins Rd. Laurel, MD 20723-6099 (United States)
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using a recently proposed nonlinear force-free method designed for single-vector magnetograms of solar active regions, we calculate the instantaneous free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity budgets in 162 vector magnetograms corresponding to 42 different active regions. We find a statistically robust, monotonic correlation between the free magnetic energy and the relative magnetic helicity in the studied regions. This correlation implies that magnetic helicity, in addition to free magnetic energy, may be an essential ingredient for major solar eruptions. Eruptive active regions appear well segregated from non-eruptive ones in both free energy and relative helicity with major (at least M-class) flares occurring in active regions with free energy and relative helicity exceeding 4 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 31} erg and 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 42} Mx{sup 2}, respectively. The helicity threshold agrees well with estimates of the helicity contents of typical coronal mass ejections.
4f-local magnetic moments in the metals and alloys with SDW-instability
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
magnetic moments and itinerant electrons (RKKY-coupling) is modified by the additional coupling between-interac- tion but standard theory neglects the coupling between itinerant electrons, which leads to the magnetic electrons determines the type of magnetic order and AF structure wave vector Q for the local ( *) Permanent
Discrete and continuous exponential transforms of simple Lie groups of rank two
Iryna Kashuba; Jiri Patera
2007-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
We develop and describe continuous and discrete transforms of class functions on compact simple Lie group $G$ as their expansions into series of uncommon special functions, called here $\\E$-functions in recognition of the fact that the functions generalize common exponential functions. The rank of $G$ is the number of variables in the $\\E$-functions. A uniform discretization of the decomposition problem is described on lattices of any density and symmetry admissible for the Lie group $G$.
Vertices of Lie Modules Roger M. Bryant, Susanne Danz, Karin Erdmann, and Jrgen Mller
Mueller, JÃ¼rgen
Vertices of Lie Modules Roger M. Bryant, Susanne Danz, Karin Erdmann, and JÃ¼rgen MÃ¼ller September 9 studied by Erdmann#21;Tan [14], and by Bryant#21;Lim#21;Tan [5]. By [5, Thm. 1.2], one has dim(Lie pr F (n to the principal block of FS n , and Bryant#21;Erdmann [4] have studied indecomposable direct sum decompositions
Emergence of generalized seniority in low-lying states with random interactions
Lei, Y.; Xu, Z. Y. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zhao, Y. M. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Pittel, S. [Bartol Research Institute and Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware 19716 (United States); Arima, A. [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Science Museum, Japan Science Foundation, 2-1 Kitanomaru-koen, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 102-0091 (Japan)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the generalized seniority properties of the low-lying states of two semimagic pseudonuclei {sup 22}O and {sup 46}Ca in the presence of one- and two-body random interactions. When the single-particle splittings are sufficiently large, S-pair correlation is found to be important in the low-lying states of these systems in the presence of random interactions.
Vertices of Lie Modules Roger M. Bryant, Susanne Danz, Karin Erdmann, and J#rgen M#ller
Mueller, JÃ¼rgen
Vertices of Lie Modules Roger M. Bryant, Susanne Danz(LieprF(n))= dim(LieF(n)) has re* *cently been studied by Erdmann~Tan [14], and by Bryant~Lim~Tan [5]. By [5, Thm LiepfF(n) of LieF(n) always belongs to the principal block of F Sn, and Bryant~* *Erdmann [4] have
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
mosquitoes. A PL meeting at the Biology of Disease Vectors (as a tool in vector biology. Transformation of the vector ofelement. Insect Molecular Biology 10: 597–604. 11. Balter
Integrated optic vector-matrix multiplier
Watts, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM)
2011-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
A vector-matrix multiplier is disclosed which uses N different wavelengths of light that are modulated with amplitudes representing elements of an N.times.1 vector and combined to form an input wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) light stream. The input WDM light stream is split into N streamlets from which each wavelength of the light is individually coupled out and modulated for a second time using an input signal representing elements of an M.times.N matrix, and is then coupled into an output waveguide for each streamlet to form an output WDM light stream which is detected to generate a product of the vector and matrix. The vector-matrix multiplier can be formed as an integrated optical circuit using either waveguide amplitude modulators or ring resonator amplitude modulators.
Killing vector fields and harmonic superfield theories
Groeger, Josua, E-mail: groegerj@mathematik.hu-berlin.de [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Mathematik, Rudower Chaussee 25, 12489 Berlin (Germany)
2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
The harmonic action functional allows a natural generalisation to semi-Riemannian supergeometry, also referred to as harmonic, which resembles the supersymmetric sigma models studied in high energy physics. We show that Killing vector fields are infinitesimal supersymmetries of this harmonic action and prove three different Noether theorems in this context. En passant, we provide a homogeneous treatment of five characterisations of Killing vector fields on semi-Riemannian supermanifolds, thus filling a gap in the literature.
Poynting-vector based method for determining the bearing and location of electromagnetic sources
Simons, David J. (Modesto, CA); Carrigan, Charles R. (Tracy, CA); Harben, Philip E. (Livermore, CA); Kirkendall, Barry A. (Golden, CO); Schultz, Craig A. (Danville, CA)
2008-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus is utilized to determine the bearing and/or location of sources, such as, alternating current (A.C.) generators and loads, power lines, transformers and/or radio-frequency (RF) transmitters, emitting electromagnetic-wave energy for which a Poynting-Vector can be defined. When both a source and field sensors (electric and magnetic) are static, a bearing to the electromagnetic source can be obtained. If a single set of electric (E) and magnetic (B) sensors are in motion, multiple measurements permit location of the source. The method can be extended to networks of sensors allowing determination of the location of both stationary and moving sources.
Protostellar Accretion Flows Destabilized by Magnetic Flux Redistribution
Krasnopolsky, Ruben; Shang, Hsien; Zhao, Bo
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetic flux redistribution lies at the heart of the problem of star formation in dense cores of molecular clouds that are magnetized to a realistic level. If all of the magnetic flux of a typical core were to be dragged into the central star, the stellar field strength would be orders of magnitude higher than the observed values. This well-known "magnetic flux problem" can in principle be resolved through non-ideal MHD effects. Two dimensional (axisymmetric) calculations have shown that ambipolar diffusion, in particular, can transport magnetic flux outward relative to matter, allowing material to enter the central object without dragging the field lines along. We show through simulations that such axisymmetric protostellar accretion flows are unstable in three dimensions to magnetic interchange instability in the azimuthal direction. The instability is driven by the magnetic flux redistributed from the matter that enters the central object. It typically starts to develop during the transition from the pres...
ECE 390 Â Electric & Magnetic Fields Catalog Description: Static and quasi-static electric), A. Jander (secondary) Course Content: Â· Introduction, review of vector analysis Â· Static electric fields in free space: Coulomb's law, Gauss's law, and electric potential, electric dipole Â· Static
Exploring the magnetic topologies of cool stars
Morin, J; Petit, P; Albert, L; Auriere, M; Cabanac, R; Catala, C; Delfosse, X; Dintrans, B; Fares, R; Forveille, T; Gastine, T; Jardine, M; Konstantinova-Antova, R; Lanoux, J; Lignieres, F; Morgenthaler, A; Paletou, F; Velez, J C Ramirez; Solanki, S K; Theado, S; Van Grootel, V
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetic fields of cool stars can be directly investigated through the study of the Zeeman effect on photospheric spectral lines using several approaches. With spectroscopic measurement in unpolarised light, the total magnetic flux averaged over the stellar disc can be derived but very little information on the field geometry is available. Spectropolarimetry provides a complementary information on the large-scale component of the magnetic topology. With Zeeman-Doppler Imaging (ZDI), this information can be retrieved to produce a map of the vector magnetic field at the surface of the star, and in particular to assess the relative importance of the poloidal and toroidal components as well as the degree of axisymmetry of the field distribution. The development of high-performance spectropolarimeters associated with multi-lines techniques and ZDI allows us to explore magnetic topologies throughout the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram, on stars spanning a wide range of mass, age and rotation period. These observations b...
Bath, G.D.; Jahren, C.E.; Rosenbaum, J.G. [Geological Survey, Denver, CO (USA); Baldwin, M.J. [Fenix and Scisson, Inc., Mercury, NV (USA)
1983-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
Air and ground magnetic anomalies in the Climax stock area of the NTS help define the gross configuration of the stock and detailed configuration of magnetized rocks at the Boundary and Tippinip faults that border the stock. Magnetizations of geologic units were evaluated by measurements of magnetic properties of drill core, minimum estimates of magnetizations from ground magnetic anomalies for near surface rocks, and comparisons of measured anomalies with anomalies computed by a three-dimensional forward program. Alluvial deposits and most sedimentary rocks are nonmagnetic, but drill core measurements reveal large and irregular changes in magnetization for some quartzites and marbles. The magnetizations of quartz monzonite and granodiorite near the stock surface are weak, about 0.15 A/m, and increase at a rate of 0.00196 A/m/m to 1.55 A/m, at depths greater than 700 m (2300 ft). The volcanic rocks of the area are weakly magnetized. Aeromagnetic anomalies 850 m (2800 ft) above the stock are explained by a model consisting of five vertical prisms. Prisms 1, 2, and 3 represent the near surface outline of the stock, prism 4 is one of the models developed by Whitehill (1973), and prism 5 is modified from the model developed by Allingham and Zietz (1962). Most of the anomaly comes from unsampled and strongly-magnetized deep sources that could be either granite or metamorphosed sedimentary rocks. 48 refs., 23 figs., 3 tabs.
B --> rho K* decays and other rare vector-vector modes
G. Vasseur
2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
The recent analyses of the following rare vector-vector decays of the B meson are presented: rho K*, omega K*, omega rho, omega omega, and omega phi charmless final states. The latest results indicate that the fraction of longitudinal polarization is about 0.5 in penguin-dominated modes and close to 1 for tree-dominated modes.
Lie and conditional symmetries of a class of nonlinear (1+2)-dimensional boundary value problems
Roman Cherniha; John R King
2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
A new definition of conditional invariance for boundary value problems involving a wide range of boundary conditions (including initial value problems as a special case) is proposed. It is shown that other definitions worked out in order to find Lie symmetries of boundary value problems with standard boundary conditions, follow as particular cases from our definition. Simple examples of direct applicability to the nonlinear problems arising in applications are demonstrated. Moreover, the successful application of the definition for the Lie and conditional symmetry classification of a class of (1+2)-dimensional nonlinear boundary value problems governed by the nonlinear diffusion equation in a semi-infinite domain is realised. In particular, it is proved that there is a special exponent, $k=-2$, for the power diffusivity $u^k$ when the problem in question with non-vanishing flux on the boundary admits additional Lie symmetry operators compared to the case $k\
Shape mixing dynamics in the low-lying states of proton-rich Kr isotopes
Koichi Sato; Nobuo Hinohara
2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
We study the oblate-prolate shape mixing in the low-lying states of proton-rich Kr isotopes using the five-dimensional quadrupole collective Hamiltonian. The collective Hamiltonian is derived microscopically by means of the CHFB (constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov) + Local QRPA (quasiparticle random phase approximation) method, which we have developed recently on the basis of the adiabatic self-consistent collective coordinate method. The results of the numerical calculation show the importance of large-amplitude collective vibrations in the triaxial shape degree of freedom and rotational effects on the oblate-prolate shape mixing dynamics in the low-lying states of these isotopes.
Thomas R. Hemmert; Ulf-G. Meissner; Sven Steininger
1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
We present an analytic and parameter-free expression for the momentum dependence of the strange magnetic form factor of the nucleon and its corresponding radius which has been derived in Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory. We also discuss a model-independent relation between the isoscalar magnetic and the strange magnetic form factors of the nucleon based on chiral symmetry and SU(3) only. These limites are used to derive bounds on the strange magnetic moment of the proton from the recent measurement by the SAMPLE collaboration.
Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety
McQuade, D. Tyler
Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic
(New hosts and vectors for genome cloning)
Not Available
1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The main goal of our project remains the development of new bacterial hosts and vectors for the stable propagation of human DNA clones in E. coli. During the past six months of our current budget period, we have (1) continued to develop new hosts that permit the stable maintenance of unstable features of human DNA, and (2) developed a series of vectors for (a) cloning large DNA inserts, (b) assessing the frequency of human sequences that are lethal to the growth of E. coli, and (c) assessing the stability of human sequences cloned in M13 for large-scale sequencing projects.
Hamilton's Eccentricity Vector Generalised to Newton Wonders
D. Lynden-Bell
2006-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
The vectorial velocity is given as a function of the position of a particle in orbit when a Newtonian central force is supplemented by an inverse cubic force as in Newton's theorem on revolving orbits. Such expressions are useful in fitting orbits to radial velocities of orbital streams. The Hamilton-Laplace-Runge-Lenz eccentricity vector is generalised to give a constant of the motion for these systems and an approximate constant for orbits in general central potentials. A related vector is found for Hooke's centred ellipse.
Baby Skyrmions stabilized by vector mesons
David Foster; Paul Sutcliffe
2009-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
Recent results suggest that multi-Skyrmions stabilized by omega mesons have very similar properties to those stabilized by the Skyrme term. In this paper we present the results of a detailed numerical investigation of a (2+1)-dimensional analogue of this situation. Namely, we compute solitons in an O(3) sigma-model coupled to a massive vector meson and compare the results to baby Skyrmions, which are solitons in an O(3) sigma-model including a Skyrme term. We find that multi-solitons in the vector meson model are surprisingly similar to those in the baby Skyrme model, and we explain this correspondence using a simple derivative expansion.
Glenn E. Ciolek; Shantanu Basu
2000-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
We review theoretical models of the early stages of star formation, in which gravitational collapse is strongly regulated by magnetic fields and the associated process of ambipolar diffusion. We discuss results of numerical simulations and analytical studies of core formation and collapse, which can be directly tested against observation. We also focus on recent data which are relevant to this theory of star formation, such as: observations of extended infall in protostellar cores, estimates of evolutionary timescales ~ 1 Myr for cores, measured mass-to-flux ratios of cores, and the relative alignment of polarization vectors with apparent cloud elongation. It is shown that in all of these areas, the data lie within the observationally allowable range of parameter space. Other areas of interest (protostellar accretion rates and the presence of core edges) and issues that remain unresolved or under study (the role of non-thermal motions and cluster formation) are also discussed. Moreover, we highlight some differences between our model predictions and those of highly turbulent star formation models, and discuss how these differences can be distinguished observationally.
Invariants and reduced matrix elements associated with the Lie superalgebra gl(m|n)
Mark D. Gould; Phillip S. Isaac; Jason L. Werry
2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
We construct explicit formulae for the eigenvalues of certain invariants of the Lie superalgebra gl(m|n) using characteristic identities. We discuss how such eigenvalues are related to reduced Wigner coefficients and the reduced matrix elements of generators, and thus provide a first step to a new algebraic derivation of matrix element formulae for all generators of the algebra.
Weyl denominator identity for the affine Lie superalgebra gl(2|2)^
Maria Gorelik
2010-07-25T23:59:59.000Z
We prove the Weyl denominator identity for the affine Lie superalgebra gl(2|2)^ conjectured by V. Kac and M. Wakimoto. As it was pointed out in their paper, this gives another proof of Jacobi identity for the number of presentations of a given integer as a sum of eight squares.
A Note on Gauge Systems from the Point of View of Lie Algebroids
Barnich, G. [Physique Theorique et Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, Campus Plaine C.P. 231, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium)
2010-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
In the context of the variational bi-complex, we re-explain that irreducible gauge systems define a particular example of a Lie algebroid. This is used to review some recent and not so recent results on gauge, global and asymptotic symmetries.
Lie rank in groups of finite Morley rank with solvable local subgroups
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Lie rank in groups of finite Morley rank with solvable local subgroups Adrien Deloro and Â´Eric Jaligot August 5, 2013 Abstract We prove a general dichotomy theorem for groups of finite Morley rank with solvable local subgroups and of PrÂ¨ufer p-rank at least 2, leading either to some p-strong embedding
Isospectral Metrics on Classical Compact Simple Lie Groups Submitted to the Faculty
Proctor, Emily
Isospectral Metrics on Classical Compact Simple Lie Groups A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty;Acknowledgements This thesis is the product of support from a number of people. First and foremost, it has been. I give thanks to Peter Doyle for leading me out of a blind alley, to Dorothee Schueth for helping me
A Robust Audio Classification and Segmentation Method Lie Lu, Hao Jiang and HongJiang Zhang
Jiang, Hao
A Robust Audio Classification and Segmentation Method Lie Lu, Hao Jiang and HongJiang Zhang for audio classification that is capable of segmenting and classifying an audio stream into speech, music, environment sound and silence. Audio classification is processed in two steps, which makes it suitable
Optimization and Large Scale Learning Optimization lies at the heart of almost every machine
Optimization and Large Scale Learning Optimization lies at the heart of almost every machine these facets requires optimization techniques tailored to not only respect them but to ag- gressively exploit by looking at the recent book [1] (MIT Press, 2011), or at the follow- ing workshops: (i) "Optimization
Stabilization of trajectories for systems on Lie groups. Application to the rolling sphere.
Morin, Pascal
of the control v.f.). The assumption m systems (wheeled mobile spheres [Jurdjevic, 1997, Ch. 14] also referred to as ball-plate systems. Moreover, it is known that anyStabilization of trajectories for systems on Lie groups. Application to the rolling sphere. Pascal
Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.
1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.
Chiral Magnetic Effect in QED induced by longitudinal photons
J. L. Acosta Avalo; H. Perez Rojas
2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
We demonstrate the existence of the chiral magnetic effect in an electron-positron magnetized gas. A pseudo-vector(conserved)Ohm current is induced by the electric field related to the longitudinal QED mode propagating parallel to the external magnetic field $\\textbf{B}$ and separating opposite charges of the same heliticity. From a relation between axial and electromagnetic currents we obtain a non-conserved current leading to an expression close to the usual axial anomaly. The effect is interesting in connection to the QCD chiral magnetic case reported in current literature.
Spatial resolution in vector potential photoelectron microscopy
Browning, R. [R. Browning Consultants, 1 Barnhart Place, Shoreham, New York 11786 (United States)] [R. Browning Consultants, 1 Barnhart Place, Shoreham, New York 11786 (United States)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
The experimental spatial resolution of vector potential photoelectron microscopy is found to be much higher than expected because of the cancellation of one of the expected contributions to the point spread function. We present a new calculation of the spatial resolution with support from finite element ray tracing, and experimental results.
DSm Vector Spaces of Refined Labels
W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy; Florentin Smarandache
2011-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
In this book the authors introduce the notion of DSm vector spaces of refined labels. They also realize the refined labels as a plane and a n-dimensional space. Further, using these refined labels, several algebraic structures are defined. Finally DSm semivector space or refined labels is described. Authors also propose some research problems.
Hessian structures, Euler vector fields, and thermodynamics
M. Á. García-Ariza
2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, a geometric structure which generalizes that of thermodynamics is presented; spaces of equilibrium states are portrayed as a particular case of the former. For this end, concepts like Euler vector field and extensive function, which are usual in thermodynamics, are introduced in a wider context.
(Eigen Phoneme Space (Phoneme Vector : PV)
Takiguchi, Tetsuya
PCA , , ( ) 1 MFCC [1] PCA 2 2.1 [3] (Eigen Phoneme Space : EPS) PCA [2] PCA [3] PCA (EPS) (EPS) (Phoneme Vector : PV) Fig. 1 (EPS) /a/ /i/ Â· Â· Â· PCA (EPS) 2.2 PCA PCA i Si Si = 1 N N t=1 (xi t - Â¯xi )(xi
Note: Vector reflectometry in a beam waveguide
Eimer, J. R.; Bennett, C. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218 (United States); Chuss, D. T.; Wollack, E. J. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Code 665, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771 (United States)
2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a one-port calibration technique for characterization of beam waveguide components with a vector network analyzer. This technique involves using a set of known delays to separate the responses of the instrument and the device under test. We demonstrate this technique by measuring the reflected performance of a millimeter-wave variable-delay polarization modulator.
Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)
2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.
Song, Yongliang
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It is generally believed that the evolution of magnetic helicity has a close relationship with solar activity. Before the launch of SDO, earlier studies have mostly used MDI/SOHO line of sight magnetograms and assumed that magnetic fields are radial when calculating magnetic helicity injection rate from photospheric magnetograms. However, this assumption is not necessarily true. Here we use the vector magnetograms and line of sight magnetograms, both taken by HMI/SDO, to estimate the effects of non-radial magnetic field on measuring magnetic helicity injection rate. We find that: 1) The effect of non-radial magnetic field on estimating tangential velocity is relatively small; 2) On estimating magnetic helicity injection rate, the effect of non-radial magnetic field is strong when active regions are observed near the limb and is relatively small when active regions are close to disk center; 3) The effect of non-radial magnetic field becomes minor if the amount of accumulated magnetic helicity is the only conce...
Charmless Hadronic B Decays into Vector, Axial Vector and Tensor Final States at BaBar
Gandini, Paolo; /Milan U. /INFN, Milan
2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present experimental measurements of branching fraction and longitudinal polarization fraction in charmless hadronic B decays into vector, axial vector and tensor final states with the final dataset of BABAR. Measurements of such kind of decays are a powerful tool both to test the Standard Model and search possible sources of new physics. In this document we present a short review of the last experimental results at BABAR concerning charmless quasi two-body decays in final states containing particles with spin 1 or spin 2 and different parities. This kind of decays has received considerable theoretical interest in the last few years and this particular attention has led to interesting experimental results at the current b-factories. In fact, the study of longitudinal polarization fraction f{sub L} in charmless B decays to vector vector (VV), vector axial-vector (VA) and axial-vector axial-vector (AA) mesons provides information on the underlying helicity structure of the decay mechanism. Naive helicity conservation arguments predict a dominant longitudinal polarization fraction f{sub L} {approx} 1 for both tree and penguin dominated decays and this pattern seems to be confirmed by tree-dominated B {yields} {rho}{rho} and B{sup +} {yields} {Omega}{rho}{sup +} decays. Other penguin dominated decays, instead, show a different behavior: the measured value of f{sub L} {approx} 0.5 in B {yields} {phi}K* decays is in contrast with naive Standard Model (SM) calculations. Several solutions have been proposed such as the introduction of non-factorizable terms and penguin-annihilation amplitudes, while other explanations invoke new physics. New modes have been investigated to shed more light on the problem.
Can (electric-magnetic) duality be gauged?
Bunster, Claudio [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany); Henneaux, Marc [Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS), Casilla 1469, Valdivia (Chile); Universite Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes, ULB-Campus Plaine CP231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik (Albert-Einstein-Institut), Muehlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
There exists a formulation of the Maxwell theory in terms of two vector potentials, one electric and one magnetic. The action is then manifestly invariant under electric-magnetic duality transformations, which are rotations in the two-dimensional internal space of the two potentials, and local. We ask the question: Can duality be gauged? The only known and battle-tested method of accomplishing the gauging is the Noether procedure. In its decanted form, it amounts to turning on the coupling by deforming the Abelian gauge group of the free theory, out of whose curvatures the action is built, into a non-Abelian group which becomes the gauge group of the resulting theory. In this article, we show that the method cannot be successfully implemented for electric-magnetic duality. We thus conclude that, unless a radically new idea is introduced, electric-magnetic duality cannot be gauged. The implication of this result for supergravity is briefly discussed.
Can (Electric-Magnetic) Duality Be Gauged?
Claudio Bunster; Marc Henneaux
2014-03-13T23:59:59.000Z
There exists a formulation of the Maxwell theory in terms of two vector potentials, one electric and one magnetic. The action is then manifestly invariant under electric-magnetic duality transformations, which are rotations in the two-dimensional internal space of the two potentials, and local. We ask the question: can duality be gauged? The only known and battled-tested method of accomplishing the gauging is the Noether procedure. In its decanted form, it amounts to turn on the coupling by deforming the abelian gauge group of the free theory, out of whose curvatures the action is built, into a non-abelian group which becomes the gauge group of the resulting theory. In this article, we show that the method cannot be successfully implemented for electric-magnetic duality. We thus conclude that, unless a radically new idea is introduced, electric-magnetic duality cannot be gauged. The implication of this result for supergravity is briefly discussed.
Dechambenoit, Pierre; Long, Jeffrey R.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Combining porosity and magnetic ordering in a single material presents a significant challenge since magnetic exchange generally requires short bridges between the spin carriers, whereas porosity usually relies on the use of long diamagnetic connecting ligands. Despite this apparent incompatibility, notable successes have been achieved of late in generating truly microporous solids with high magnetic ordering temperatures. In this critical review, we give an overview of this emerging class of multifunctional materials, with particular emphasis on synthetic strategies and possible routes to new materials with improved properties (149 references).
Kjall, Jonas Alexander
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetism in Ultracold Gases 4 Magnetic phase diagram of aMagnetism . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Magnetism in condensedIntroduction 1 Brief introduction to magnetism 1.1 Classic
Allen, Brian; Nistor, Vasile; Dutson, Erik; Carman, Greg; Lewis, Catherine; Faloutsos, Petros
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
009-0556-6 Support vector machines improve the accuracy ofand support vector machine [SVM]) were compared. Theevaluation Á Support vector machines Á Training B. Allen (&)
A Numerical Comparison of Rule Ensemble Methods and Support Vector Machines
Meza, Juan C.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
tutorial on support vector machines for pattern recognition.for support vector machines. Computer Science Dept. ,Methods and Support Vector Machines Juan Meza ? Mark Woods †
Iwo Bialynicki-Birula; Zofia Bialynicka-Birula
2006-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
All beams of electromagnetic radiation are made of photons. Therefore, it is important to find a precise relationship between the classical properties of the beam and the quantum characteristics of the photons that make a particular beam. It is shown that this relationship is best expressed in terms of the Riemann-Silberstein vector -- a complex combination of the electric and magnetic field vectors -- that plays the role of the photon wave function. The Whittaker representation of this vector in terms of a single complex function satisfying the wave equation greatly simplifies the analysis. Bessel beams, exact Laguerre-Gauss beams, and other related beams of electromagnetic radiation can be described in a unified fashion. The appropriate photon quantum numbers for these beams are identified. Special emphasis is put on the angular momentum of a single photon and its connection with the angular momentum of the beam.
Light Vector Mesons in the Nuclear Medium
Wood, Michael; Nasseripour, Rakhsha; Weygand, Dennis; Djalali, Chaden; Tur, Clarisse; Mosel, Ulrich; Muehlich, Pascal; Adams, Gary; Amaryan, Moscov; Amaryan, Moskov; Ambrozewicz, Pawel; Anghinolfi, Marco; Asryan, Gegham; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Baillie, Nathan; Ball, James; Baltzell, Nathan; Barrow, Steve; Battaglieri, Marco; Bedlinskiy, Ivan; Bektasoglu, Mehmet; Bellis, Matthew; Benmouna, Nawal; Berman, Barry; Biselli, Angela; Blaszczyk, Lukasz; Bouchigny, Sylvain; Boyarinov, Sergey; Bradford, Robert; Branford, Derek; Briscoe, William; Brooks, William; Burkert, Volker; Butuceanu, Cornel; Calarco, John; Careccia, Sharon; Carman, Daniel; Carnahan, Bryan; Casey, Liam; Chen, Shifeng; Cheng, Lu; Cole, Philip; Collins, Patrick; Coltharp, Philip; Crabb, Donald; Crannell, Hall; Crede, Volker; Cummings, John; Dashyan, Natalya; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Degtiarenko, Pavel; Denizli, Haluk; Dennis, Lawrence; Deur, Alexandre; Dharmawardane, Kahanawita; Dickson, Richard; Dodge, Gail; Doughty, David; Dugger, Michael; Dytman, Steven; Dzyubak, Oleksandr; Egiyan, Hovanes; Egiyan, Kim; Elfassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Eugenio, Paul; Fedotov, Gleb; Feldman, Gerald; Feuerbach, Robert; Fradi, Ahmed; Funsten, Herbert; Garcon, Michel; Gavalian, Gagik; Gilfoyle, Gerard; Giovanetti, Kevin; Girod, Francois-Xavier; Goetz, John; Gordon, Christopher; Gothe, Ralf; Griffioen, Keith; Guidal, Michel; Guler, Nevzat; Guo, Lei; Gyurjyan, Vardan; Hadjidakis, Cynthia; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hakobyan, Hayk; Hakobyan, Rafael; Hanretty, Charles; Hardie, John; Hassall, Neil; Hersman, F.; Hicks, Kenneth; Hleiqawi, Ishaq; Holtrop, Maurik; Hyde, Charles; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Ito, Mark; Jenkins, David; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Johnstone, John; Joo, Kyungseon; Juengst, Henry; Kalantarians, Narbe; Kellie, James; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Khetarpal, Puneet; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Andreas; Klein, Franz; Klimenko, Alexei; Kossov, Mikhail; Krahn, Zebulun; Kramer, Laird; Kubarovsky, Valery; Kuhn, Joachim; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Lachniet, Jeff; Laget, Jean; Langheinrich, Jorn; Lawrence, David; Li, Ji; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; MacCormick, Marion; Markov, Nikolai; Mattione, Paul; McAleer, Simeon; McKinnon, Bryan; McNabb, John; Mecking, Bernhard; Mehrabyan, Surik; Melone, Joseph; Mestayer, Mac; Meyer, Curtis; Mibe, Tsutomu; Mikhaylov, Konstantin; Minehart, Ralph; Mirazita, Marco; Miskimen, Rory; Mokeev, Viktor; Moriya, Kei; Morrow, Steven; Moteabbed, Maryam; Mueller, James; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Mutchler, Gordon; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niccolai, Silvia; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Niczyporuk, Bogdan; Niroula, Megh; Niyazov, Rustam; Nozar, Mina; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Park, Kijun; Pasyuk, Evgueni; Paterson, Craig; Pereira, Sergio; Pierce, Joshua; Pivnyuk, Nikolay; Pocanic, Dinko; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Preedom, Barry; Price, John; Prok, Yelena; Protopopescu, Dan; Raue, Brian; Riccardi, Gregory; Ricco, Giovanni; Ripani, Marco; Ritchie, Barry; Ronchetti, Federico; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Sabatie, Franck; Salamanca, Julian; Salgado, Carlos; Santoro, Joseph; Sapunenko, Vladimir; Schumacher, Reinhard; Serov, Vladimir; Sharabian, Youri; Sharov, Dmitri; Shvedunov, Nikolay; Smith, Elton; Smith, Lee; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stavinsky, Aleksey; Stepanyan, Stepan; Stepanyan, Samuel; Stokes, Burnham; Stoler, Paul; Strakovski, Igor; Strauch, Steffen; Taiuti, Mauro; Tedeschi, David; Tkabladze, Avtandil; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Todor, Luminita; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vineyard, Michael; Vlassov, Alexander; Watts, Daniel; Weinstein, Lawrence; Williams, Michael; Wolin, Elliott; Yegneswaran, Amrit; Zana, Lorenzo; Zhang, Bin; Zhang, Jixie; Zhao, Bo; Zhao, Zhiwen
2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The light vector mesons ($\\rho$, $\\omega$, and $\\phi$) were produced in deuterium, carbon, titanium, and iron targets in a search for possible in-medium modifications to the properties of the $\\rho$ meson at normal nuclear densities and zero temperature. The vector mesons were detected with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) via their decays to $e^{+}e^{-}$. The rare leptonic decay was chosen to reduce final-state interactions. A combinatorial background was subtracted from the invariant mass spectra using a well-established event-mixing technique. The $\\rho$ meson mass spectrum was extracted after the $\\omega$ and $\\phi$ signals were removed in a nearly model-independent way. Comparisons were made between the $\\rho$ mass spectra from the heavy targets ($A > 2$) with the mass spectrum extracted from the deuterium target. With respect to the $\\rho$-meson mass, we obtain a small shift compatible with zero. Also, we measure widths consistent with standard nuclear many-body eff
Super Poisson-Lie symmetry of the GL(1|1) WZNW model and worldsheet boundary conditions
A. Eghbali; A. Rezaei-Aghdam
2012-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the WZNW model on the Lie supergroup GL(1|1) has super Poisson-Lie symmetry with the dual Lie supergroup B + A + A1;1|.i. Then, we discuss about D-branes and worldsheet boundary conditions on supermanifolds, in general, and obtain the algebraic relations on the gluing supermatrix for the Lie supergroup case. Finally, using the supercanonical transformation description of the super Poisson-Lie T-duality transformation, we obtain formula for the description of the dual gluing supermatrix, then, we find the gluing supermatrix for the WZNW model on GL(1|1) and its dual model. We also discuss about different boundary conditions.
Improving the Accuracy and Speed of Support Vector Machines
Improving the Accuracy and Speed of Support Vector Machines Chris J.C. Burges Bell Laboratories bs@mpik-tueb.mpg.de Abstract Support Vector Learning Machines (SVM) are nding application in pattern to achieve a factor of fty speedup in test phase over the virtual support vector machine. The combined
Support Vector Machines in Moderate Sub-pixel Snow Mapping
California at Santa Barbara, University of
Support Vector Machines in Moderate Sub-pixel Snow Mapping Hongen Zhang College of Environmental technique in sub-pixel snow mapping, support vector machines (SVMs). In practice, SVM method provided% as compared to the reference data from Aster image classification, which show that the support vector machines
Controlling Magnetism at the Nanoscale
Wong, Jared
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Manipulation of Magnetism - External148 Conclusion A The Magnetism Cheat Sheet A.1 Magnetic157 A.2 Magnetism Unit Conversion
Low-lying Dirac eigenmodes and monopoles in 3+1D compact QED
Toru T. Takahashi
2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
We study the properties of low-lying Dirac modes in quenched compact QED at $\\beta =1.01$, employing $12^3\\times N_t$ ($N_t =4,6,8,10,12$) lattices and the overlap formalism for the fermion action. We pay attention to the spatial distributions of low-lying Dirac modes below and above the ``phase transition temperature'' $T_c$. Near-zero modes are found to have universal anti-correlations with monopole currents, and are found to lose their temporal structures above $T_c$ exhibiting stronger spatial localization properties. We also study the nearest-neighbor level spacing distribution of Dirac eigenvalues and find a Wigner-Poisson transition.
Low-lying Dirac eigenmodes and monopoles in 4D compact QED
Toru T. Takahashi
2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z
We study the properties of low-lying Dirac modes in quenched compact QED at $\\beta$=0.99, 1.01 and 1.03, employing $12^3\\times 12$ lattices and the overlap formalism for the fermion action. We pay special attention to the spatial distributions of the low-lying Dirac modes. Near-zero modes are found to have universal anti-correlations with monopole currents below/above the critical $\\beta$. We also study the nearest-neighbor level spacing distribution of Dirac eigenvalues and find a signal of a Wigner-Poisson transition. We make a possible speculation on the chiral phase transition in 4D compact QED.
Nash Equilibrium Seeking in Multi-Vehicle Systems: A Lie Bracket Approximation-Based Approach
Dürr, Hans-Bernd; Johansson, Karl H
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider problems in multi-agent systems where a network of autonomous vehicles needs to self-organize such that some global objective function is maximized. To deal with the agents' lack of global information we define the problem as a potential game where the agents/players are only able to access local measurements of their individual utility functions whose parameters and detailed analytical forms may be unknown. We then propose a distributed and adaptive continuous-time algorithm, where each agent applies a local sinusoidal extremum seeking feedback adopted to its specific motion dynamics. By interpreting this multi-vehicle system as an input-affine system with periodic excitations and by using geometric methods based on Lie brackets, we calculate a simplified system which approximates the qualitative behavior of the original one better than existing methods, while only requiring twice differentiability of the utility functions. We show that the Lie bracket direction is directly related to the unknown...
Infinite Support Vector Machines in Speech Recognition
Yang, Jingzhou; van Dalien, Rogier C.; Gales, M. J. F.
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Infinite Support Vector Machines in Speech Recognition Jingzhou Yang, Rogier C. van Dalen and Mark Gales Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1PZ, UK {jy308,rcv25,mjfg}@eng.cam.ac.uk Abstract... ., Secaucus, NJ, USA, 2006. [14] Carl Edward Rasmussen, “The infinite Gaussian mixture model,” in Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 12. 2000, pp. 554–560, MIT Press. [15] Yee Whye Teh, “Dirichlet processes,” in Encyclopedia of Ma- chine...
Characterization and removal of errors due to local magnetic anomalies in directional drilling of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines Summary Directional drilling has evolved over the last few decades utilizes a technique known as magnetic Measurement While Drilling (MWD). Vector measurements of geomagnetic
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
Terms--Direct control, hybrid dynamic systems, perma- nent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM), physical magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) and a two-level voltage inverter (Fig. 1). The PMSM constitutes variables) so hybrid control strategies apply adequately. For PMSM drives, vector control has been
Chaotic wave functions and exponential convergence of low-lying energy eigenvalues
Mihai Horoi; Alexander Volya; Vladimir Zelevinsky
1998-06-04T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest that low-lying eigenvalues of realistic quantum many-body hamiltonians, given, as in the nuclear shell model, by large matrices, can be calculated, instead of the full diagonalization, by the diagonalization of small truncated matrices with the exponential extrapolation of the results. We show numerical data confirming this conjecture. We argue that the exponential convergence in an appropriate basis may be a generic feature of complicated ("chaotic") systems where the wave functions are localized in this basis.
Hierarchy of Hamilton equations on Banach Lie-Poisson spaces related to restricted Grassmannian
Tomasz Golinski; Anatol Odzijewicz
2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z
Using the Magri method one defines an involutive family of Hamiltonians on Banach Lie-Poisson space iR+UL_res^1 (which contains the restricted Grassmannian as a symplectic leaf) and on its complexification C+L_res^1. The hierarchy of Hamilton equations given by these Hamiltonians is investigated. The operator equations of Ricatti-type are included in this hierarchy. For a few particular cases one gives the explicit solutions.
Autonomous three dimensional Newtonian systems which admit Lie and Noether point symmetries
M. Tsamparlis; A. Paliathanasis; L. Karpathopoulos
2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z
We determine the autonomous three dimensional Newtonian systems which admit Lie point symmetries and the three dimensional autonomous Newtonian Hamiltonian systems, which admit Noether point symmetries. We apply the results in order to determine the two dimensional Hamiltonian dynamical systems which move in a space of constant non-vanishing curvature and are integrable via Noether point symmetries. The derivation of the results is geometric and can be extended naturally to higher dimensions.
Integration of geodesic flows on homogeneous spaces: the case of a wild lie group
A. A. Magazev; I. V. Shirokov
2007-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
We obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for the integrability in quadratures of geodesic flows on homogeneous spaces $M$ with invariant and central metrics. The proposed integration algorithm consists in using a special canonical transformation in the space $T^*M$ based on constructing the canonical coordinates on the orbits of the coadjoint representation and on the simplectic sheets of the Poisson algebra of invariant functions. This algorithm is applicable to integrating geodesic flows on homogeneous spaces of a wild Lie group.
Single and low-lying states dominance in two-neutrino double-beta decay
Moreno, O; Sarriguren, P; de Guerra, E Moya; Simkovic, F; Faessler, A; 10.1088/0954-3899/36/1/015106
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A theoretical analysis of the single-state dominance hypothesis for the two-neutrino double-beta decay rates is performed on the examples of the double-beta decays of 100Mo, 116Cd, and 128Te. We also test the validity of an extended low-lying-state dominance that takes into account the contributions of the low-lying excited states in the intermediate nucleus to the double-beta decay rates. This study has been accomplished for all the double-beta emitters for which we have experimental information on their half-lives. The theoretical framework is a proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation based on a deformed Skyrme Hartree-Fock mean field with pairing correlations. Our calculations indicate that there are not clear evidences for single- or low-lying-state dominance in the two-neutrino double-beta decay. Finally, we investigate the single electron energy distributions of the outgoing electrons in the double-beta decay processes with an exact treatment of the energy denominators, which could help ...
Classifying spaces for homogeneous manifolds and their related Lie isometry deformations
M. Rainer
1996-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
Among plenty of applications, low-dimensional homogeneous spaces appear in cosmological models as both, classical factor spaces of multidimensional geometry and minisuperspaces in canonical quantization. Here a new tool to restrict their continuous deformations is presented: Classifying spaces for homogeneous manifolds and their related Lie isometry deformations. The adjoint representation of n-dimensional real Lie algebras induces a natural topology on their classifying space, which encodes the natural algebraic relationship between different Lie algebras therein. For n>1 this topology is not Hausdorffian. Even more it satisfies only the separation axiom T_0, but not T_1, i.e. there is a constant sequence which has a limit different from the members of the sequence. Such a limit is called a transition. Recently it was found that transitions are the natural generalization and transitive completion of the well-known In\\"on\\"u-Wigner contractions. For n<5 the relational classifying spaces are constructed explicitly. Calculating their characteristic scalar invariants via triad representations of the characteristic isometry, local homogeneous Riemannian 3-spaces are classified in their natural geometrical relations to each other. Their classifying space is a composition of pieces with different isometry types. Although it is Hausdorffian, different topological transitions to the same limit may induce locally non-Euclidean regions (e.g. at Bianchi tppes VII_0).
Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma
N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya
2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.
Evidence for a devil's staircase in holmium produced by an applied magnetic field
Cowley, R.A.; Jehan, D.A. (Clarendon Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford (United Kingdom)); McMorrow, D.F. (Department of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, Scotland (United Kingdom)); McIntyre, G.J. (Institut Laue-Langevin, 156X, 38042, Grenoble, CEDEX (France))
1991-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
The magnetic structure of holmium has been studied using neutron diffraction when a magnetic field is applied along the {ital c} axis. The field has the effect of suppressing the onset of the commensurate cone phase found at low temperatures in zero field, and instead produces a series of spin-slip structures. In contrast to the zero-field diffraction experiments, where a continuous variation of the magnetic wave vector {bold q} was observed, we find that below {approx}15 K the wave vector {bold q} is always commensurate and forms a devil's staircase with increasing field.
Borhanian, Jafar, E-mail: borhanian@uma.ac.ir [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, P. O. Box 179, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The propagation of an elliptically polarized intense laser pulse in an unmagnetized collisionless uniform plasma is considered. A multiple scale perturbation theory is employed to show that in a weakly relativistic regime, evolution of the components of vector potential is governed by two coherently coupled nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equations. A set of equations describing the evolution of Stokes parameters is derived within the continuous wave approximation and the dynamics of components of field amplitude is studied. The polarization dynamics of a pulse is investigated by means of numerical solution of the coupled NLS equations. A detailed analysis of vector modulational instability is presented and the possibility for occurrence of various kinds of vector solitary waves is addressed.
Patterned Magnetic Nanostructures and Quantized Magnetic Disks
, opens up new opportunities for engineering innovative magnetic materials and devices, developing ultra of magnetic nanostructures as small as 10 nm; 2) engineering of unique magnetic properties (such as domainPatterned Magnetic Nanostructures and Quantized Magnetic Disks STEPHEN Y. CHOU Invited Paper
Petroglyphs, Lighting, and Magnetism
Walker, Merle F
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1950 Electricity and Magnetism: Theory and Applications.I Petroglyphs, Lightning, and Magnetism | Walker Figure 8.I Petroglyphs, Lightning, and Magnetism | Walker Figure IL
Modeling Nuclear Properties with Support Vector Machines
Haochen Li; J. W. Clark; E. Mavrommatis; S. Athanassopoulos; K. A. Gernoth
2006-03-21T23:59:59.000Z
We have made initial studies of the potential of support vector machines (SVM) for providing statistical models of nuclear systematics with demonstrable predictive power. Using SVM regression and classification procedures, we have created global models of atomic masses, beta-decay halflives, and ground-state spins and parities. These models exhibit performance in both data-fitting and prediction that is comparable to that of the best global models from nuclear phenomenology and microscopic theory, as well as the best statistical models based on multilayer feedforward neural networks.
Plotting vectors on a cathode ray oscilloscope
Foster, Kenneth William
2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
helpful saggestions and have made it possible for me to oomplete this pro)eot. C OHTEH TS I ~ Prefatory Hote II. Table of Figures I II. Introduction IV. Background Vs General Theory of Operation VI. Detailel Theory ani Design A, Square V... the be- havior of a network, almost all A~ C. network theory uses the veotor diagram as a means of illustrating how and when the curx'ants and voltages are varying, and it is the vector rela- tion between voltage and ourrent that is so imnortant when...
Supersymmetry and Vector-like Extra Generation
Chun Liu
2009-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
Within the framework of supersymmetry, the particle content is extended in a way that each Higgs doublet is in a full generation. Namely in addition to ordinary three generations, there is an extra vector-like generation, and it is the extra slepton SU(2)_L doublets that are taken to be the two Higgs doublets. R-parity violating interactions contain ordinary Yukawa interactions. Breaking of supersymmetry and gauge symmetry are analyzed. Fermion and boson spectra are calculated. Phenomenological constraints and relevant new physics at Large Hadron Collider are discussed.
Vector Japan Co Ltd | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 East 300 South Place: Salt Lake City, Utah Zip:Scale SolarVanguardgeothermalVector
Bouchard, Louis-Serge; Pines, Alexander; Demas, Vasiliki
2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
A system and method for Fourier encoding a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signal is disclosed. A static magnetic field B.sub.0 is provided along a first direction. An NMR signal from the sample is Fourier encoded by applying a rotating-frame gradient field B.sub.G superimposed on the B.sub.0, where the B.sub.G comprises a vector component rotating in a plane perpendicular to the first direction at an angular frequency .omega.in a laboratory frame. The Fourier-encoded NMR signal is detected.
Magnetic Relativistic Schrödinger Operators and \\\\Imaginary-time Path Integrals
Takashi Ichinose
2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
Three magnetic relativistic Schr\\"odinger operators corresponding to the classical relativistic Hamiltonian symbol with magnetic vector and electric scalar potentials are considered, dependent on how to quantize the kinetic energy term $\\sqrt{(\\xi-A(x))^2 +m^2}$. We discuss their difference in general and their coincidence in the case of constant magnetic fields, and also study whether they are covariant under gauge transformation. Then results are reviewed on path integral representations for their respective imaginary-time relativistic Schr\\"odinger equations, i.e. heat equations, by means of the probability path space measure related to the L\\'evy process concerned.
Magnetic Catalysis vs Magnetic Inhibition
Kenji Fukushima; Yoshimasa Hidaka
2012-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the fate of chiral symmetry in an extremely strong magnetic field B. We investigate not only quark fluctuations but also neutral meson effects. The former would enhance the chiral-symmetry breaking at finite B according to the Magnetic Catalysis, while the latter would suppress the chiral condensate once B exceeds the scale of the hadron structure. Using a chiral model we demonstrate how neutral mesons are subject to the dimensional reduction and the low dimensionality favors the chiral-symmetric phase. We point out that this effect, the Magnetic Inhibition, can be a feasible explanation for recent lattice-QCD data indicating the decreasing behavior of the chiral-restoration temperature with increasing B.
Thomas Wiegelmann; Bernd Inhester
2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
The space mission STEREO will provide images from two viewpoints. An important aim of the STEREO mission is to get a 3D view of the solar corona. We develop a program for the stereoscopic reconstruction of 3D coronal loops from images taken with the two STEREO spacecraft. A pure geometric triangulation of coronal features leads to ambiguities because the dilute plasma emissions complicates the association of features in image 1 with features in image 2. As a consequence of these problems the stereoscopic reconstruction is not unique and multiple solutions occur. We demonstrate how these ambiguities can be resolved with the help of different coronal magnetic field models (potential, linear and non-linear force-free fields). The idea is that, due to the high conductivity in the coronal plasma, the emitting plasma outlines the magnetic field lines. Consequently the 3D coronal magnetic field provides a proxy for the stereoscopy which allows to eliminate inconsistent configurations. The combination of stereoscopy and magnetic modelling is more powerful than one of these tools alone. We test our method with the help of a model active region and plan to apply it to the solar case as soon as STEREO data become available.
Equality of bulk and edge Hall conductances for continuous magnetic random Schrödinger operators
Amal Taarabt
2014-03-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this note, we prove the equality of the quantum bulk and the edge Hall conductances in mobility edges and in presence of disorder. The bulk and edge perturbations can be either of electric or magnetic nature. The edge conductance is regularized in a suitable way to enable the Fermi level to lie in a region of localized states.
Superconducting Magnet Division
Superconducting Magnet Division DOE NP Program Review - July 06 1 Brookhaven Magnet Division - Nuclear Physics Program Support Activities Superconducting Magnet Program RHIC Operations Support Spin Summary Peter Wanderer, DOE review, July 25, 2006 Acting Head, Superconducting Magnet Division #12
Matrix elements for type 1 unitary irreducible representations of the Lie superalgebra gl(m|n)
Gould, Mark D.; Isaac, Phillip S.; Werry, Jason L. [School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072 (Australia)] [School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072 (Australia)
2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using our recent results on eigenvalues of invariants associated to the Lie superalgebra gl(m|n), we use characteristic identities to derive explicit matrix element formulae for all gl(m|n) generators, particularly non-elementary generators, on finite dimensional type 1 unitary irreducible representations. We compare our results with existing works that deal with only subsets of the class of type 1 unitary representations, all of which only present explicit matrix elements for elementary generators. Our work therefore provides an important extension to existing methods, and thus highlights the strength of our techniques which exploit the characteristic identities.
A New Approach to Solve the Low-lying States of the Schroedinger Equation
T. D. Lee
2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
We review a new iterative procedure to solve the low-lying states of the Schroedinger equation, done in collaboration with Richard Friedberg. For the groundstate energy, the $n^{th}$ order iterative energy is bounded by a finite limit, independent of $n$; thereby it avoids some of the inherent difficulties faced by the usual perturbative series expansions. For a fairly large class of problems, this new procedure can be proved to give convergent iterative solutions. These convergent solutions include the long standing difficult problem of a quartic potential with either symmetric or asymmetric minima.
Theoretical investigation of the magnetic structure in YBa_2Cu_3O_6
Ekkehard Krüger
2006-08-07T23:59:59.000Z
As experimentally well established, YBa_2Cu_3O_6 is an antiferromagnet with the magnetic moments lying on the Cu sites. Starting from this experimental result and the assumption, that nearest-neighbor Cu atoms within a layer have exactly antiparallel magnetic moments, the orientation of the magnetic moments has been determined within a nonadiabatic extension of the Heisenberg model of magnetism, called nonadiabatic Heisenberg model. Within this group-theoretical model there exist four stable magnetic structures in YBa_2Cu_3O_6, two of them are obviously identical with the high- and low-temperature structure established experimentally. However, not all the magnetic moments which appear to be antiparallel in neutron-scattering experiments are exactly antiparallel within this group-theoretical model. Furthermore, within this model the magnetic moments are not exactly perpendicular to the orthorhombic c axis.
N. V. Antonov; N. M. Gulitskiy
2015-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Inertial-range asymptotic behavior of a vector (e.g., magnetic) field, passively advected by a strongly anisotropic turbulent flow, is studied by means of the field theoretic renormalization group and the operator product expansion. The advecting velocity field is Gaussian, not correlated in time, with the pair correlation function of the form $\\propto \\delta(t-t') / k_{\\bot}^{d-1+\\xi}$, where $k_{\\bot}=|{\\bf k}_{\\bot}|$ and ${\\bf k}_{\\bot}$ is the component of the wave vector, perpendicular to the distinguished direction (`direction of the flow') -- the $d$-dimensional generalization of the ensemble introduced by Avellaneda and Majda [{\\it Commun. Math. Phys.} {\\bf 131}: 381 (1990)]. The stochastic advection-diffusion equation for the transverse (divergence-free) vector field includes, as special cases, the kinematic dynamo model for magnetohydrodynamic turbulence and the linearized Navier--Stokes equation. In contrast to the well known isotropic Kraichnan's model, where various correlation functions exhibit anomalous scaling behavior with infinite sets of anomalous exponents, here the dependence on the integral turbulence scale $L$ has a logarithmic behavior: instead of power-like corrections to ordinary scaling, determined by naive (canonical) dimensions, the anomalies manifest themselves as polynomials of logarithms of $L$. The key point is that the matrices of scaling dimensions of the relevant families of composite operators appear nilpotent and cannot be diagonalized. The detailed proof of this fact is given for correlation functions of arbitrary order.
Spontaneous generation of local CP violation and inverse magnetic catalysis
Lang Yu; Hao Liu; Mei Huang
2014-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
In the chiral symmetric phase, the polarized instanton--anti-instanton molecule pairing induces a nontrivial repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel. As a consequence, one unusual property is observed that in the chiral restoration phase, there is a first order phase transition for the spontaneous generation of local CP violation and chiral imbalance. Furthermore, it is found that external magnetic fields will lower the critical temperature for the local CP-odd phase transition and catalyze the chiral imbalance, which destroys the chiral condensate with pairing quarks between different chiralities. A reasonable strength of the repulsive interaction in the iso-scalar axial-vector channel can naturally explain the inverse magnetic catalysis around the critical temperature under external magnetic fields.
Tarasov, A A [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2003-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
It is proved that each generalized Mishchenko-Fomenko subalgebra of the Poisson algebra of the Lie algebra gl{sub n}(C) can be lifted to a unique commutative subalgebra of the enveloping algebra.
GL(3)-based quantum integrable composite models: 1. Bethe vectors
S. Pakuliak; E. Ragoucy; N. A. Slavnov
2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a composite generalized quantum integrable model solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. Using explicit formulas of the action of the monodromy matrix elements onto Bethe vectors in the GL(3)-based quantum integrable models we prove a formula for the Bethe vectors of composite model. We show that this representation is a particular case of general coproduct property of the weight functions (Bethe vectors) found in the theory of the deformed Knizhnik--Zamolodchokov equation.
Bethe vectors in GL(3)-based quantum integrable models
Pakuliak, S; Slavnov, N A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a composite generalized quantum integrable model solvable by the nested algebraic Bethe ansatz. Using explicit formulas of the action of the monodromy matrix elements onto Bethe vectors in the GL(3)-based quantum integrable models we prove a formula for the Bethe vectors of composite model. We show that this representation is a particular case of general coproduct property of the weight functions (Bethe vectors) found in the theory of the deformed Knizhnik--Zamolodchokov equation.
A microscopic benchmark-study of triaxiality in low-lying states of 76Kr
J. M. Yao; K. Hagino; Z. P. Li; J. Meng; P. Ring
2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
We report on a seven-dimensional generator coordinate calculation in the two deformation parameters $\\beta$ and $\\gamma$ together with projection on three-dimensional angular momentum and two particle numbers for the low-lying states in $^{76}$Kr. These calculations are based on covariant density functional theory. Excellent agreement is found with the data for the spectrum and the electric multipole transition strengths. This answers the important question of dynamic correlations and triaxiality in a fully microscopic way. We find that triaxial configurations dominate both the ground state and the quasi $\\gamma$-band. This yields a different picture from the simple interpretation in terms of "coexistence of a prolate ground state with an oblate low-lying excited state", which is based on the measured sign of spectroscopic quadrupole moments. This study also provides for the first time a benchmark for the collective Hamiltonian in five dimensions. Moreover, we point out that the staggering phase of the $\\gamma$-band is not a safe signature for rigid triaxiality of the low-energy structure.
Quantization maps, algebra representation, and non-commutative Fourier transform for Lie groups
Guedes, Carlos; Oriti, Daniele [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany)] [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); Raasakka, Matti [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany) [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam (Germany); LIPN, Institut Galilée, Université Paris-Nord, 99, av. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France)
2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
The phase space given by the cotangent bundle of a Lie group appears in the context of several models for physical systems. A representation for the quantum system in terms of non-commutative functions on the (dual) Lie algebra, and a generalized notion of (non-commutative) Fourier transform, different from standard harmonic analysis, has been recently developed, and found several applications, especially in the quantum gravity literature. We show that this algebra representation can be defined on the sole basis of a quantization map of the classical Poisson algebra, and identify the conditions for its existence. In particular, the corresponding non-commutative star-product carried by this representation is obtained directly from the quantization map via deformation quantization. We then clarify under which conditions a unitary intertwiner between such algebra representation and the usual group representation can be constructed giving rise to the non-commutative plane waves and consequently, the non-commutative Fourier transform. The compact groups U(1) and SU(2) are considered for different choices of quantization maps, such as the symmetric and the Duflo map, and we exhibit the corresponding star-products, algebra representations, and non-commutative plane waves.
Exploiting separability in large-scale linear support vector machine ...
2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z
Aug 7, 2007 ... Linear support vector machine training can be represented as a ... chines (SVMs) are a powerful machine learning technique, and they offer. ?.
A Column Generation Approach for Support Vector Machines
Belen Martin-Barragan
2006-04-03T23:59:59.000Z
Apr 3, 2006 ... Abstract: The widely used Support Vector Machine (SVM) method has shown to yield good results in Supervised Classification problems.
adenovirus vector transfer: Topics by E-print Network
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
system with regard to the current reconstructed vector. Here we extend TERV for multivariate time series, and account for the presence of confounding variables, called partial...
Hybrid MPI/OpenMP parallel support vector machine training
Kristian Woodsend
2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 12, 2009 ... A parallel implementation of Support Vector Machine training has been developed, using a combination of MPI and OpenMP. Using an interior ...
Development Of Active Seismic Vector-Wavefield Imaging Technology...
LibraryAdd to library Report: Development Of Active Seismic Vector-Wavefield Imaging Technology For Geothermal Applications Abstract This report describes the development and...
Masaaki Yamada, Russell Kulsrud and Hantao Ji
2009-09-17T23:59:59.000Z
We review the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space plasmas, by discussing results from theory, numerical simulations, observations from space satellites, and the recent results from laboratory plasma experiments. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. In the area of local reconnection physics, many significant findings have been made with regard to two- uid physics and are related to the cause of fast reconnection. Profiles of the neutral sheet, Hall currents, and the effects of guide field, collisions, and micro-turbulence are discussed to understand the fundamental processes in a local reconnection layer both in space and laboratory plasmas. While the understanding of the global reconnection dynamics is less developed, notable findings have been made on this issue through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas. Application of magnetic reconnection physics to astrophysical plasmas is also brie y discussed.
Vector analyzing power of {pi}{sup +7}Li scattering in the region of the {delta}{sub 33} resonance
Ibraeva, E. T. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Zhusupov, M. A. [Kazakh State University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Kazakhstan); Zaykin, A. Yu. [National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Kazakhstan); Imambekov, O. [Kazakh State University, Institute of Experimental and Theoretical Physics (Kazakhstan)
2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
Within Glauber diffraction theory, the vector analyzing power iT{sub 11} is calculated at three energies of positively charged pions, 134, 164, and 194 MeV, incident to {sup 7}Li nuclei. These energy values lie in the region of the {delta}{sub 33} resonance in {pi}{sup {+-}}N interaction, the resonance maximum being at 180 MeV. The calculation of iT{sub 11} was performed with several model {sup 7}Li wave functions, including the {alpha}t-cluster and shell-model ones. The properties of {pi}{sup +7}Li scattering are found to be sensitive to the structural features of the target nucleus. A comparison of the results of the calculations with experimental data shows that the wave functions in question and the potentials used to calculate them are quite appropriate.
CMB non-gaussianity from vector fields
Peloso, Marco [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)
2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
The Planck satellite has recently measured the CMB temperature anisotropies with unprecedented accuracy, and it has provided strong bounds on primordial non-gaussianity. Such bounds constrain models of inflation, and mechanisms that produce the primordial perturbations. We discuss the non-gaussian signatures from the interactions of the inflation ? with spin-1 fields. We study the two different cases in which the inflaton is (i) a pseudo-scalar field with a (?)/(fa) F·F interaction with a vector field, and (ii) a scalar field with a f (?)F{sup 2} interaction. In the first case we obtain the strong limit f{sub a} ? 10{sup 16}GeV on the decay constant. In the second case, specific choices of the function f (?) can lead to a non-gaussianity with a characteristic shape not encountered in standard models of scalar field inflation, and which has also been constrained by Planck.
Magnetic Field Restructuring Associated with Two Successive Solar Eruptions
Wang, Rui; Yang, Zhongwei; Hu, Huidong
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We examine two successive flare eruptions (X5.4 and X1.3) on 2012 March 7 in the NOAA active region 11429 and investigate the magnetic field reconfiguration associated with the two eruptions. Using an advanced non-linear force-free field (NLFFF) extrapolation method based on the SDO/HMI vector magnetograms, we obtain a stepwise decrease in the magnetic free energy during the eruptions, which is roughly 20%-30% of the energy of the pre-flare phase. We also calculate the magnetic helicity, and suggest that the changes of the sign of the helicity injection rate might be associated with the eruptions. Through the investigation of the magnetic field evolution, we find that the appearance of the "implosion" phenomenon has a strong relationship with the occurrence of the first X-class flare. Meanwhile, the magnetic field changes of the successive eruptions with implosion and without implosion were well observed.
Thermal neutron diffraction determination of the magnetic structure of EuCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}
Rowan-Weetaluktuk, W. N.; Ryan, D. H., E-mail: dhryan@physics.mcgill.ca [Department of Physics, and Centre for the Physics of Materials, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada); Lemoine, P. [Laboratoire CRISMAT, ENSICAEN, UMR 6508 CNRS, 6 Boulevard du Maréchal Juin, 14050 Caen Cedex 4 (France); Cadogan, J. M. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra BC 2610 (Australia)
2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The magnetic structure of EuCu{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} has been determined by flat-plate neutron powder diffraction. Two magnetic phases are present in the neutron diffraction pattern at 3.5?K. They have the same moment, within error, and a common transition temperature. Both {sup 151}Eu and {sup 153}Eu Mössbauer spectroscopy show that the two magnetic phases belong to the same crystallographic phase. Both phases can be modelled by planar helimagnetic structures: one with a propagation vector of [0.654(1), 0, 0], the other with a propagation vector of [0.410(1), 0.225(1), 0].
Study of low-lying resonant states in 16F using an 15O radioactiveion beam
Lee, D.W.; Perajarvi, K.; Powell, J.; O'Neil, J.P.; Moltz, D.M.; Goldberg, V.Z.; Cerny, Joseph
2007-01-22T23:59:59.000Z
A 120 MeV {sup 15}O radioactive ion beam with an intensity on target of 4.5 x 10{sup 4} pps has been developed at the 88-inch cyclotron at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. This beam has been used to study the level structure of {sup 16}F at low energies via the p({sup 15}O,p) reaction using the thick target inverse kinematics method on a polyethylene target. The experimental excitation function was analyzed using R-matrix calculations. Significantly improved values for the level widths of the four low-lying states in 16F are reported. Good agreement with the theoretical spectroscopic factors is also obtained.
Support Vector Machines for Differential Finn Kuusisto1
Page Jr., C. David
Support Vector Machines for Differential Prediction Finn Kuusisto1 , Vitor Santos Costa2 , Houssam, Madison, WI, USA 2 University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 3 Amazon, Seattle, WA, USA Abstract. Machine medical applications and show excellent results. Keywords: support vector machine, uplift modeling 1
Improved core promoter prediction using ensembles of support vector machines
Gent, Universiteit
Improved core promoter prediction using ensembles of support vector machines Introduction to locate the core promoter region, or even more specific: where the transcription of a gene starts. Machine is very difficult to model in e.g. support vector machines (SVM) as there is so little positive
Support Vector Machines for Spatiotemporal Tornado INDRA ADRIANTO1
Lakshmanan, Valliappa
1 Support Vector Machines for Spatiotemporal Tornado Prediction INDRA ADRIANTO1 , THEODORE B) 325-6569 Email: lakshman@ou.edu The use of support vector machines for predicting the location machine classification to generate the final spatiotemporal probability field. On the independent test set
Support Vector Learning for Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems
Chen, Yixin
. As a powerful machine learning approach for pattern recognition problems, support vector machine (SVM) is known1 Support Vector Learning for Fuzzy Rule-Based Classification Systems Yixin Chen, Student Member DRAFT #12;2 Abstract To design a fuzzy rule-based classification system (fuzzy classifier) with good
ICMP: an Attack Vector against IPsec Gateways Ludovic Jacquin
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
ICMP: an Attack Vector against IPsec Gateways Ludovic Jacquin Inria, France ludovic Protocol (ICMP) can be used as an attack vector against IPsec gateways. The main contribution of this work is to demonstrate that an attacker having eavesdropping and traffic injection capabilities in the black untrusted
Using Cell Phones for Mosquito Vector Surveillance and Control
Bieman, James M.
Using Cell Phones for Mosquito Vector Surveillance and Control S. Lozano-Fuentes, S. Ghosh, J. M the use of cell phones for field capture and rapid transfer of mosquito vector surveillance data to a central database. The cell phones exploit existing communication infrastructure, introduce near real
Laterotactile Rendering of Vector Graphics with the Stroke Pattern
Hayward, Vincent
Laterotactile Rendering of Vector Graphics with the Stroke Pattern Vincent LÃ©vesque1 and Vincent are used extensively in the design of tactile graphics for persons with visual impairments. A tactile is demonstrated with the rendering of lines, circles and polygons, and is extensible to other vector graphics
Iso-vector form factors of the delta and nucleon in QCD sum rules
Ozpineci, A. [Physics Department, Middle East Technical University, 06800 (Turkey)
2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
Form factors are important non-perturbative properties of hadrons. They give information about the internal structure of the hadrons. In this work, iso-vector axial-vector and iso-vector tensor form factors of the nucleon and the iso-vector axial-vector {Delta}{yields}N transition form factor calculations in QCD Sum Rules are presented.
Quantum dynamics of a particle constrained to lie on a surface
Gustavo de Oliveira
2014-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the quantum dynamics of a charged particle in Euclidean space subjected to electric and magnetic fields under the presence of a potential that forces the particle to stay close to a compact surface. We prove that, as the strength of this constraining potential tends to infinity, the motion of this particle converges to a motion generated by a Hamiltonian over the surface superimposed by an oscillatory motion in the normal directions. Our result extend previous results by allowing magnetic potentials and more general constraining potentials.
Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)
1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.
Anisotropic magnetization and transport properties of RAgSb{sub 2} (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm)
Myers, Kenneth D.
1999-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
This study of the RAgSb{sub 2} series of compounds arose as part of an investigation of rare earth intermetallic compounds containing antimony with the rare earth in a position with tetragonal point symmetry. Materials with the rare earth in a position with tetragonal point symmetry frequently manifest strong anisotropies and rich complexity in the magnetic properties, and yet are simple enough to analyze. Antimony containing intermetallic compounds commonly possess low carrier densities and have only recently been the subject of study. Large single grain crystals were grown of the RAgSb{sub 2} (R=Y, La-Nd, Sm, Gd-Tm) series of compounds out of a high temperature solution. This method of crystal growth, commonly known as flux growth is a versatile method which takes advantage of the decreasing solubility of the target compound with decreasing temperature. Overall, the results of the crystal growth were impressive with the synthesis of single crystals of LaAgSb{sub 2} approaching one gram. However, the sample yield diminishes as the rare earth elements become smaller and heavier. Consequently, no crystals could be grown with R=Yb or Lu. Furthermore, EuAgSb{sub 2} could not be synthesized, likely due to the divalency of the Eu ion. For most of the RAgSb{sub 2} compounds, strong magnetic anisotropies are created by the crystal electric field splitting of the Hund's rule ground state. This splitting confines the local moments to lie in the basal plane (easy plane) for the majority of the members of the series. Exceptions to this include ErAgSb{sub 2} and TmAgSb{sub 2}, which have moments along the c-axis (easy axis) and CeAgSb{sub 2}, which at intermediate temperatures has an easy plane, but exchange coupling at low temperatures is anisotropic with an easy axis. Additional anisotropy is also observed within the basal plane of DyAgSb{sub 2}, where the moments are restricted to align along one of the {l_angle}110{r_angle} axes. Most of the RAgSb{sub 2} compounds containing magnetic rare earths, antiferromagnetically ordered at low temperatures. The ordering temperatures of these compounds are approximately proportional to the de Gennes factor, which suggests that the RKKY interaction is the dominant exchange interaction between local moments. Although metamagnetic transitions were observed in many members of the series, the series of sharp step-like transitions in DyAgSb{sub 2} are impressive. In this compound, up to 11 different magnetic states are stable depending on the magnitude and direction of the applied field. The saturated magnetization of these states and the critical fields needed to induce a phase transition vary with the direction of the applied field. Through detailed study of the angular dependence of the magnetization and critical fields, the net distribution of magnetic moments was determined for most, of the metamagnetic states. In DyAgSb{sub 2}, the crystal electric field (CEF) splitting of the Hund's rule ground state creates a strong anisotropy where the local Dy{sup 3+} magnetic moments are constrained to one of the equivalent {l_angle}110{r_angle} directions within the basal plane. The four position clock model was introduced to account for this rich metamagnetic system. Within this model, the magnetic moments are constrained to one of four equivalent orientations within the basal plane and interactions are calculated for up third nearest neighbors. The theoretical phase diagram, generated from the coupling constants is in excellent agreement with the experimental phase diagram. Further investigation of this compound using magnetic X-ray or neutron diffraction would be extremely useful to verify the net distributions of moments and determine the wave vectors of each of the ordered states.
Magnetic Probe to Study Plasma Jets for Magneto-Inertial Fusion
Martens, Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hsu, Scott C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2012-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
A probe has been constructed to measure the magnetic field of a plasma jet generated by a pulsed plasma rail-gun. The probe consists of two sets of three orthogonally-oriented commercial chip inductors to measure the three-dimensional magnetic field vector at two separate positions in order to give information about the magnetic field evolution within the jet. The strength and evolution of the magnetic field is one of many factors important in evaluating the use of supersonic plasma jets for forming imploding spherical plasma liners as a standoff driver for magneto-inertial fusion.
Interface Magnetism in Multiferroics
He, Qing
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
1.2.1 Magnetism . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2.2domain walls . . . . . 3 Magnetism of domain walls in BiFeOof electrical control of magnetism in mixed phase BiFeO 3
Nanostructured magnetic materials
Chan, Keith T.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Conference, Atlanta, GA (Nanostructured Magnetic Materials by Keith T. Chan Doctor ofinduced by a Si-based material occurs at a Si/Ni interface
T. Sumikama; K. Matsuta; T. Nagatomo; M. Ogura; T. Iwakoshi; Y. Nakashima; H. Fujiwara; M. Fukuda; M. Mihara; K. Minamisono; T. Yamaguchi; T. Minamisono
2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
The beta-ray angular correlations for the spin alignments of 8Li and 8B have been observed in order to test the conserved vector current (CVC) hypothesis. The alignment correlation terms were combined with the known beta-alpha-angular correlation terms to determine all the matrix elements contributing to the correlation terms. The weak magnetism term, 7.5\\pm0.2, deduced from the beta-ray correlation terms was consistent with the CVC prediction 7.3\\pm0.2, deduced from the analog-gamma-decay measurement based on the CVC hypothesis. However, there was no consistent CVC prediction for the second-forbidden term associated with the weak vector current. The experimental value for the second-forbidden term was 1.0 \\pm 0.3, while the CVC prediction was 0.1 \\pm 0.4 or 2.1 \\pm 0.5.
Spectral measures associated to rank two Lie groups and finite subgroups of $GL(2,\\mathbb{Z})$
David E. Evans; Mathew Pugh
2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
Spectral measures for fundamental representations of the rank two Lie groups $A_2$, $C_2$ and $G_2$ have been studied. Since these groups have rank two, these spectral measures can be defined as measures over their maximal torus $\\mathbb{T}^2$ and are invariant under an action of the corresponding Weyl group, which are all subgroups of $GL(2,\\mathbb{Z})$. Here we consider spectral measures invariant under an action of the other finite subgroups of $GL(2,\\mathbb{Z})$, which are all associated fundamental representations of other rank two Lie groups.
SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE
Hassenzahl, W.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storage Coil", Proc. 19 80 ASC,Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEE Trans.SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", in Advances
SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE
Hassenzahl, W.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Design of the BPA Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storagefor a Utility Scale Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storagefor a Lnrge Scale Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage
Complex magnetic ordering in CeFe1.76 studied by neutron diffraction
Jayasekara, Wageesha T [Ames Laboratory; Tian, W [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Hodovanets, Halyna [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C [Ames Laboratory; Bud'ko, Serguei L [Ames Laboratory; Kreyssig, Andreas [Ames Laboratory; Goldman, Alan I [Ames Laboratory
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Neutron diffraction measurements on a single crystal of CeGe1.76 reveal a complex series of magnetic transitions at low temperature. At TN?7 K, there is a transition from a paramagnetic state at higher temperature to an incommensurate magnetic structure characterized by a magnetic propagation vector (0 0 ?) with ??14 and the magnetic moment along the a axis of the orthorhombic unit cell. Below TLI?5 K, the magnetic structure locks in to a commensurate structure with ?=14 and the magnetic moment remains along the a axis. Below T??4 K, we find additional half-integer and integer indexed magnetic Bragg peaks consistent with a second commensurately ordered antiferromagnetic state.
Energy momentum flows for the massive vector field
George Horton; Chris Dewdney
2006-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
We present a causal trajectory interpretation for the massive vector field, based on the flows of rest energy and a conserved density defined using the time-like eigenvectors and eigenvalues of the stress-energy-momentum tensor. This work extends our previous work which used a similar procedure for the scalar field. The massive, spin-one, complex vector field is discussed in detail and solutions are classified using the Pauli-Lubanski spin vector. The flows of energy-momentum are illustrated in a simple example of standing waves in a plane.
Characterizing cluster morphology using vector-valued Minkowski functionals
Claus Beisbart; Thomas Buchert
1997-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
The morphology of galaxy clusters is quantified using Minkowski functionals, especially the vector-valued ones, which contain directional information and are related to curvature centroids. The asymmetry of clusters and the amount of their substructure can be characterized in a unique way using these measures. -- We briefly introduce vector-valued Minkowski functionals (also known as Querma\\ss vectors) and suggest their application to cluster data in terms of a morphological characterization of excursion sets. Furthermore, we develop robust structure functions which describe the dynamical state of a cluster and study the evolution of clusters using numerical simulations.
3D reconstruction of tensors and vectors
Defrise, Michel; Gullberg, Grant T.
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
Here we have developed formulations for the reconstruction of 3D tensor fields from planar (Radon) and line-integral (X-ray) projections of 3D vector and tensor fields. Much of the motivation for this work is the potential application of MRI to perform diffusion tensor tomography. The goal is to develop a theory for the reconstruction of both Radon planar and X-ray or line-integral projections because of the flexibility of MRI to obtain both of these type of projections in 3D. The development presented here for the linear tensor tomography problem provides insight into the structure of the nonlinear MRI diffusion tensor inverse problem. A particular application of tensor imaging in MRI is the potential application of cardiac diffusion tensor tomography for determining in vivo cardiac fiber structure. One difficulty in the cardiac application is the motion of the heart. This presents a need for developing future theory for tensor tomography in a motion field. This means developing a better understanding of the MRI signal for diffusion processes in a deforming media. The techniques developed may allow the application of MRI tensor tomography for the study of structure of fiber tracts in the brain, atherosclerotic plaque, and spine in addition to fiber structure in the heart. However, the relations presented are also applicable to other fields in medical imaging such as diffraction tomography using ultrasound. The mathematics presented can also be extended to exponential Radon transform of tensor fields and to other geometric acquisitions such as cone beam tomography of tensor fields.
Magnetic polarizabilities of light mesons in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory
E. V. Luschevskaya; O. E. Solovjeva; O. A. Kochetkov; O. V. Teryaev
2015-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the masses (ground state energies) of neutral pseudoscalar and vector meson in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory in strong abelian magnetic field. The energy of $\\rho^0$ meson with zero spin projection $s_z=0$ on the axis of the external magnetic field decreases, while the energies with non-zero spins $s_z=-1$ and $+1$ increase with the field. The energy of $\\pi^0$ meson decrease as a function of the magnetic field. We calculated the magnetic polarizabilities of pseudoscalar and vector mesons for lattice volume $18^4$. For $\\rho^0$ with spin $|s_z|=1$ and $\\pi^0$ meson the extrapolations to zero lattice spacing have been done. We do not observe any evidence in favour of tachyonic mode existence.
Optimization code with weighting function for the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields
T. Wiegelmann
2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z
We developed a code for the reconstruction of nonlinear force-free and non-force-free coronal magnetic fields. The 3D magnetic field is computed numerically with the help of an optimization principle. The force-free and non-force-free codes are compiled in one program. The force-free approach needs photospheric vector magnetograms as input. The non-force-free code additionally requires the line-of-sight integrated coronal density distribution in combination with a tomographic inversion code. Previously the optimization approach has been used to compute magnetic fields using all six boundaries of a computational box. Here we extend this method and show how the coronal magnetic field can be reconstructed only from the bottom boundary, where the boundary conditions are measured with vector magnetographs. The program is planed for use within the Stereo mission.
Magnetic polarizabilities of light mesons in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory
E. V. Luschevskaya; O. E. Solovjeva; O. A. Kochetkov; O. V. Teryaev
2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the masses (ground state energies) of neutral pseudoscalar and vector meson in $SU(3)$ lattice gauge theory in strong abelian magnetic field. The energy of $\\rho^0$ meson with zero spin projection $s_z=0$ on the axis of the external magnetic field decreases, while the energies with non-zero spins $s_z=-1$ and $+1$ increase with the field. The energy of $\\pi^0$ meson decrease as a function of the magnetic field. We calculated the magnetic polarizabilities of pseudoscalar and vector mesons for lattice volume $18^4$. For $\\rho^0$ with spin $|s_z|=1$ and $\\pi^0$ meson the extrapolations to zero lattice spacing have been done. We do not observe any evidence in favour of tachyonic mode existence.
Exclusive search for Higgs boson to gamma-gamma decay via vector boson fusion production mechanism .
Rankin, Dylan Sheldon
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
??We perform an exclusive search for the Higgs boson to gamma-gamma decay via vector boson fusion. We utilize the characteristic features of vector boson fusion,… (more)
E-Print Network 3.0 - adult malaria vector Sample Search Results
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
malaria risk in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Summary: malaria vector mosquitoes in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania... of habitats for malaria vector mosquitoes. The overall aim of this study...
A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR AN HOURGLASS MAGNETIC FIELD
Ewertowski, Bartek; Basu, Shantanu, E-mail: basu@uwo.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)
2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
Starting with a mathematical boundary value problem for the magnetic vector potential in an axisymmetric cylindrical coordinate system, we derive a general solution for any arbitrary current distribution using the method of Green's functions. We use this to derive an analytic form for an hourglass magnetic field pattern created by electrical currents that are concentrated near (but not confined within) the equatorial plane of a cylindrical coordinate system. Our solution is not characterized by a cusp at the equatorial plane, as in previous solutions based on a current sheet. The pattern we derive provides a very good fit to hourglass magnetic field patterns emerging from three-dimensional numerical simulations of core formation, and can in principle be used for source-fitting of observed magnetic hourglass patterns.
Configuration and temperature dependence of magnetic damping in spin valves
Joyeux, X.; Devolder, T.; Kim, Joo-Von; Gomez de la Torre, Y.; Eimer, S.; Chappert, C. [Institut d'Electronique Fondamentale, University Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France); UMR8622, CNRS, University Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay (France)
2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Using vector-analyzer ferromagnetic resonance, we have studied the microwave susceptibility of a Py/Co/Cu/Co/MnIr spin valve over a large temperature range (5-450 K) and as a function of the magnetic configuration. An effective magnetization and Gilbert damping constant of 1.1 T and 0.021, respectively, are found for the permalloy free layer, with no discernible variation in temperature observed for either quantities. In contrast, the pinned layer magnetization is reduced by heating, and the exchange bias collapses near a temperature of 450 K. The ferromagnetic resonance linewidth of the free layer increases by 500 MHz when the layer magnetizations are aligned in antiparallel, which is attributed to a configuration-dependent contribution to the damping from spin pumping effects.
Non-Hermitian systems of Euclidean Lie algebraic type with real energy spectra
Dey, Sanjib, E-mail: sanjib.dey.1@city.ac.uk; Fring, Andreas, E-mail: a.fring@city.ac.uk; Mathanaranjan, Thilagarajah, E-mail: thilagarajah.mathanaranjan.1@city.ac.uk
2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study several classes of non-Hermitian Hamiltonian systems, which can be expressed in terms of bilinear combinations of Euclidean–Lie algebraic generators. The classes are distinguished by different versions of antilinear (PT)-symmetries exhibiting various types of qualitative behaviour. On the basis of explicitly computed non-perturbative Dyson maps we construct metric operators, isospectral Hermitian counterparts for which we solve the corresponding time-independent Schrödinger equation for specific choices of the coupling constants. In these cases general analytical expressions for the solutions are obtained in the form of Mathieu functions, which we analyze numerically to obtain the corresponding energy spectra. We identify regions in the parameter space for which the corresponding spectra are entirely real and also domains where the PT symmetry is spontaneously broken and sometimes also regained at exceptional points. In some cases it is shown explicitly how the threshold region from real to complex spectra is characterized by the breakdown of the Dyson maps or the metric operator. We establish the explicit relationship to models currently under investigation in the context of beam dynamics in optical lattices. -- Highlights: •Different PT-symmetries lead to qualitatively different systems. •Construction of non-perturbative Dyson maps and isospectral Hermitian counterparts. •Numerical discussion of the eigenvalue spectra for one of the E(2)-systems. •Established link to systems studied in the context of optical lattices. •Setup for the E(3)-algebra is provided.
Varieties of nilpotent elements for simple Lie algebras. II. Bad primes.
Georgia Vigre; Algebra Group; David J. Benson; Philip Bergonio; Brian D; Leonard Chastkofsky; Bobbe Cooper; G. Michael Guy; Jeremiah Hower; Markus Hunziker
Let G be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k of characteristic p ? 0 with Lie algebra g. Denote the set of nilpotent elements in g (resp. unipotent elements in G) by N(g) (resp. U(G)). For a nontrivial representation ?: G ? GL(V) of G and a positive integer r, we set Nr,?(g) = {x ? N(g) | d?(x) r = 0} and Ur,?(G) = {x ? U(G) | (?(x) ? 1) r = 0}. In the special case where r = p> 0, the varieties Np,?(g) and Up,?(G) do not depend on ?, and they are denoted by N1(g) and U1(G) respectively. In the paper under review the authors give explicit descriptions of the varieties Nr,?(g) and Ur,?(G) as unions of the orbit closures when p is bad for G and ? is the minimal or the adjoint representation (the case where p is good was already treated in Part I [J. Algebra 280 (2004), no. 2, 719–737; MR2090060 (2005h:17016)]). Together with the result in Part I, the following results are established for all primes p: the varieties N1(g) and U1(G) are irreducible, and there exists an order-preserving bijection between N1(g) and U1(G).
Pauli blocking in the low-lying, low-spin states of {sup 141}Pr
Scheck, M.; Choudry, S. N.; Elhami, E.; McEllistrem, M. T.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Orce, J. N. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Yates, S. W. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Dept. of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)
2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
The low-lying, low-spin levels of {sup 141}Pr were investigated using (n,n{sup '}{gamma}) techniques. Level energies, branching ratios, and tentative spin assignments for more than 100 states, linked by nearly 300 transitions, were obtained from two angular distributions (E{sub n}=2.0 and 3.0 MeV) and an excitation function measurement (E{sub n}=1.5-3.2 MeV). The application of the Doppler-shift attenuation method led to the determination of lifetimes. The obtained spectroscopic data provide insight into the wave functions of the states observed. A detailed analysis of the [2{sub 1}{sup +} x d{sub 5/2}] and [2{sub 1}{sup +} x g{sub 7/2}] multiplets provides the first quantitative evidence for Pauli blocking in a spherical odd-mass nucleus. The unpaired particle is used to probe the microscopic structure of the first 2{sup +} state of the adjacent core nuclei {sup 140}Ce and {sup 142}Nd.
Combined Electric and Magnetic Aharonov-Bohm Effects
Samuel Marcovitch; Yakir Aharonov; Tirza Kaufferr; Benni Reznik
2007-09-11T23:59:59.000Z
It is well-known that the electric and magnetic Aharonov-Bohm effects may be formally described on equal footing using the four-vector potential in a relativistic framework. We propose an illustrative manifestation of both effects in a single configuration, in which the specific path of the charged particle determines the weight of the electric and magnetic acquired relative phases. The phases can be distinctively obtained in the Coulomb gauge. The scheme manifests the pedagogical lesson that though each of the relative phases is gauge-dependent their sum is gauge-invariant.
New techniques for the scientific visualization of three-dimensional multi-variate and vector fields
Crawfis, R.A.
1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Volume rendering allows us to represent a density cloud with ideal properties (single scattering, no self-shadowing, etc.). Scientific visualization utilizes this technique by mapping an abstract variable or property in a computer simulation to a synthetic density cloud. This thesis extends volume rendering from its limitation of isotropic density clouds to anisotropic and/or noisy density clouds. Design aspects of these techniques are discussed that aid in the comprehension of scientific information. Anisotropic volume rendering is used to represent vector based quantities in scientific visualization. Velocity and vorticity in a fluid flow, electric and magnetic waves in an electromagnetic simulation, and blood flow within the body are examples of vector based information within a computer simulation or gathered from instrumentation. Understand these fields can be crucial to understanding the overall physics or physiology. Three techniques for representing three-dimensional vector fields are presented: Line Bundles, Textured Splats and Hair Splats. These techniques are aimed at providing a high-level (qualitative) overview of the flows, offering the user a substantial amount of information with a single image or animation. Non-homogenous volume rendering is used to represent multiple variables. Computer simulations can typically have over thirty variables, which describe properties whose understanding are useful to the scientist. Trying to understand each of these separately can be time consuming. Trying to understand any cause and effect relationships between different variables can be impossible. NoiseSplats is introduced to represent two or more properties in a single volume rendering of the data. This technique is also aimed at providing a qualitative overview of the flows.
Nonlinear force-free modeling of the solar coronal magnetic field
T. Wiegelmann
2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
The coronal magnetic field is an important quantity because the magnetic field dominates the structure of the solar corona. Unfortunately direct measurements of coronal magnetic fields are usually not available. The photospheric magnetic field is measured routinely with vector magnetographs. These photospheric measurements are extrapolated into the solar corona. The extrapolated coronal magnetic field depends on assumptions regarding the coronal plasma, e.g. force-freeness. Force-free means that all non-magnetic forces like pressure gradients and gravity are neglected. This approach is well justified in the solar corona due to the low plasma beta. One has to take care, however, about ambiguities, noise and non-magnetic forces in the photosphere, where the magnetic field vector is measured. Here we review different numerical methods for a nonlinear force-free coronal magnetic field extrapolation: Grad-Rubin codes, upward integration method, MHD-relaxation, optimization and the boundary element approach. We briefly discuss the main features of the different methods and concentrate mainly on recently developed new codes.
Magnetic Phase Transitions in NdCoAsO
McGuire, Michael A [ORNL; Gout, Delphine J [ORNL; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL; Sefat, A. S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Sales, Brian C [ORNL; Mandrus, David [ORNL
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
NdCoAsO undergoes three magnetic phase transitions below room temperature. Here we report the results of our experimental investigation of this compound, including determination of the crystal and magnetic structures using powder neutron diffraction, as well as measurements of electrical resistivity, thermal conductivity, Seebeck coefficient, magnetization, and heat capacity. These results show that upon cooling a ferromagnetic state emerges near 69 K with a small saturation moment of -0.2{micro}{sub B}, likely on Co atoms. At 14 K the material enters an antiferromagnetic state with propagation vector (0 0 1/2) and small ordered moments (-0.4{micro}{sub B}) on Co and Nd. Near 3.5 K a third transition is observed, and corresponds to the antiferromagnetic ordering of larger moments on Nd, with the same propagation vector. The ordered moment on Nd reaches 1.39(5){micro}{sub B} at 300 mK. Anomalies in the magnetization, electrical resistivity, and heat capacity are observed at all three magnetic phase transitions.
On some commutative subalgebras of the universal enveloping algebra of the Lie algebra gl(n,C)
Tarasov, A A [M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2000-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
For the Lie algebra g=gl(n,C) it is proved that the maximal commutative subalgebras of the Poisson algebra P(g) obtained by the method of shifting the invariants can be lifted to the enveloping algebra. Moreover, this lifting can be carried out by means of the symmetrization map.
Harris, Benjamin (Benjamin London)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In this thesis, the author gives an explicit formula for the Fourier transform of the canonical measure on a nilpotent coadjoint orbit for GL(n, R). If G is a real, reductive algebraic group, and O C g* = Lie(G)* is a ...
of security, and secure transaction processing. My recent research has expanded beyond information systemsResearch With Students My principal research activities lie in information systems security and mining, semantic web and multimedia delivery. 1 Major Results · Security solutions for workflow systems
Phenomenology of Rayleigh-Taylor Turbulence If a heavy fluid lies above a light one, the gravity-
Phenomenology of Rayleigh-Taylor Turbulence If a heavy fluid lies above a light one, the gravity in Eq. (1) vary from 0.02 to 0.07. Recently we proposed a phenomenological theory explaining. The phenomenology also predicts that the viscous scale decreases with time as 3 A2g2t 1/4 , (3) where
Hossain, M. Enamul
-Thinning Fluids in Porous Media M. Enamul Hossain menamul@kfupm.edu.sa Department of Petroleum Engineering King of Engineering (IJE), Volume (3): Issue (5), December 2009 459 complexities of the fluid flow in porous mediaM. Enamul Hossain, L. Lie & M. Rafiqul Islam International Journal of Engineering (IJE), Volume (3
Yoshinaga, N. [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama City 338-8570 (Japan); Arima, A. [Science Museum, Japan Science Foundation, 2-1 Kitanomaru-koen, Chiyoda ku, Tokyo 102-0091 (Japan)
2010-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose some new, efficient, and practical extrapolation methods to obtain a few low-lying eigenenergies of a large-dimensional Hamiltonian matrix in the nuclear shell model. We obtain those energies at the desired accuracy by extrapolation after diagonalizing small-dimensional submatrices of the sorted Hamiltonian matrix.
ASYMPTOTIC THEORY FOR A VECTOR ARMA-GARCH MODEL
Ling, Shiqing
ASYMPTOTIC THEORY FOR A VECTOR ARMA-GARCH MODEL SHHHIIIQQQIIINNNGGG LIIINNNGGG Hong Kong University conditional heteroskedasticity ~ARMA- GARCH! model+ The conditions for the strict stationarity, the ergodicity for the univariate auto- regressive conditional heteroskedasticity ~ARCH! and GARCH models+ More- over
Environmental and Pollution Spatial Data Classification with Support Vector Machines
Gilardi, Nicolas
Environmental and Pollution Spatial Data Classification with Support Vector Machines and pollution spatial data analysis and modeling. The main attention is paid to classification of spatially. Introduction Environmental and pollution data are usually spatially distributed and time dependent. At present
Support Vector Machine via Nonlinear Rescaling Roman Polyak
Polyak, Roman A.
Support Vector Machine via Nonlinear Rescaling Method Roman Polyak Department of SEOR does not require a pre-defined penalty parameter, which is a critical factor in the soft-margin SVM
The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit for space habitation and exploration
Vasquez, Rebecca (Rebecca Ann)
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Variable Vector Countermeasure Suit (V2Suit) is a countermeasure suit for sensorimotor adaptation and musculoskeletal deconditioning in microgravity. The V2suit will consist of modules containing arrays of control ...
A vector-free microfluidic platform for intracellular delivery
Sharei, Armon Reza
Intracellular delivery of macromolecules is a challenge in research and therapeutic applications. Existing vector-based and physical methods have limitations, including their reliance on exogenous materials or electrical ...
Unitarity in composite Higgs approaches with vector resonances
Barducci, D; De Curtis, S; Llanes-Estrada, F J; Moretti, S
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We examine a simple Composite Higgs Model (CHM) with vector resonances in addition to the Standard Model (SM) fields in perturbation theory by using the $K$-matrix method to implement unitarity constraints. We find that the $W_LW_L$ scattering amplitude has an additional scalar pole (analogous to the $\\sigma$ meson of QCD) as in generic strongly interacting extensions of the SM. The mass and width of this dynamically generated scalar resonance are large and the mass behaves contrary to the vector one, so that when the vector resonance is lighter, the scalar one is heavier, and vice versa. We also attempt an interpretation of this new resonance. Altogether, the presence of the vector state with the symmetries of the CHM improve the low-energy unitarity behavior also in the scalar-isoscalar channel.
Syllabus for MATH 362 Spring 2015: Topics in Vector Calculus
2014-12-23T23:59:59.000Z
Page 1. Syllabus for MATH 362 Spring 2015: Topics in Vector Calculus. Alex Misiats omisiats@purdue.edu. December 23, 2014. Lectures: MWF, 12:30 - 1:20
Whittaker vector of deformed Virasoro algebra and Macdonald symmetric functions
Shintarou Yanagida
2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z
We give a proof of Awata and Yamada's conjecture for the explicit formula of Whittaker vector of the deformed Virasoro algebra realized in the Fock space. The formula is expressed as a summation over Macdonald symmetric functions with factored coefficients. In the proof we fully use currents appearing in the Fock representation of Ding-Iohara-Miki quantum algebra. We also mention an interpretation of Whittaker vector in terms of the geometry of the Hilbert schemes of points on the affine plane.
Off-shell Bethe vectors and Drinfeld currents
Sergey Khoroshkin; Stanislav Pakuliak; Vitaly Tarasov
2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper we compare two constructions of weight functions (off-shell Bethe vectors) for the quantum affine algebra $U_q(\\hat{\\mathfrak{gl}}_N)$. The first construction comes from the algebraic nested Bethe ansatz. The second one is defined in terms of certain projections of products of Drinfeld currents. We show that two constructions give the same result in tensor products of vector representations of $U_q(\\hat{\\mathfrak{gl}}_N)$.
Magnetic Imaging Wolfgang Kuch
Kuch, Wolfgang
Magnetic Imaging Wolfgang Kuch Freie UniversitÂ¨at Berlin, Institut fÂ¨ur Experimentalphysik, Arnimallee 14, 14195 Berlin, Germany kuch@physik.fu-berlin.de Abstract. Imaging of magnetic domains has- ern techniques is used nowadays routinely for magnetic imaging of magnetic ma- terials
Superconducting Magnet Division
McDonald, Kirk
Superconducting Magnet Division Ramesh Gupta 20T Target Solenoid with HTS Insert Solenoid Capture Laboratory New York, USA http://www.bnl.gov/magnets/staff/gupta #12;Superconducting Magnet Division Ramesh of HTS may significantly reduce the amount of Tungsten shielding Â· Summary #12;Superconducting Magnet
Difficulties in vector-parallel processing of Monte Carlo codes
Higuchi, Kenji; Asai, Kiyoshi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan). Center for Promotion of Computational Science and Engineering; Hasegawa, Yukihiro [Research Organization for Information Science and Technology, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)
1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Experiences with vectorization of production-level Monte Carlo codes such as KENO-IV, MCNP, VIM, and MORSE have shown that it is difficult to attain high speedup ratios on vector processors because of indirect addressing, nests of conditional branches, short vector length, cache misses, and operations for realization of robustness and generality. A previous work has already shown that the first, second, and third difficulties can be resolved by using special computer hardware for vector processing of Monte Carlo codes. Here, the fourth and fifth difficulties are discussed in detail using the results for a vectorized version of the MORSE code. As for the fourth difficulty, it is shown that the cache miss-hit ratio affects execution times of the vectorized Monte Carlo codes and the ratio strongly depends on the number of the particles simultaneously tracked. As for the fifth difficulty, it is shown that remarkable speedup ratios are obtained by removing operations that are not essential to the specific problem being solved. These experiences have shown that if a production-level Monte Carlo code system had a capability to selectively construct source coding that complements the input data, then the resulting code could achieve much higher performance.
Geek-Up[10.01.10] -- Mapping Bioenergy and Magnetic Vector Potential...
Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]
of aerosols such as concentration, size distributions, light scattering, light absorption and propensity for cloud formation." The word sour is not only fitting to describe...
Magnetic Landscape of Sun's Polar Region
S. Tsuneta; K. Ichimoto; Y. Katsukawa; B. W. Lites; K. Matsuzaki; S. Nagata; D. Orozco Suarez; T. Shimizu; M. Shimojo; R. A. Shine; Y. Suematsu; T. K. Suzuki; T. D. Tarbell; A. M. Title
2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
We present the magnetic landscape of the polar region of the Sun that is unprecedented in terms of high spatial resolution, large field of view, and polarimetric precision. These observations were carried out with the Solar Optical Telescope aboard \\emph{Hinode}. Using a Milne-Eddington inversion, we found many vertically-oriented magnetic flux tubes with field strength as strong as 1 kG that are scattered in latitude between 70-90 degree. They all have the same polarity, consistent with the global polarity of the polar region. The field vectors were observed to diverge from the center of the flux elements, consistent with a view of magnetic fields that expand and fan out with height. The polar region is also covered with ubiquitous horizontal fields. The polar regions are the source of the fast solar wind channelled along unipolar coronal magnetic fields whose photospheric source is evidently rooted in the strong field, vertical patches of flux. We conjecture that vertical flux tubes with large expansion around the photosphere-corona boundary serve as efficient chimneys for Alfven waves that accelerate the solar wind.
The Nature of the Vector and Scalar Potentials and Gauge Invariance in the Context of Gauge Theory
T. Stein
2008-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
Modern undergraduate textbooks in electricity and magnetism typically focus on a force representation of electrodynamics with an emphasis on Maxwell's Equations and the Lorentz Force Law. The vector potential $\\mathbf{A}$ and scalar potential $\\Phi$ play a secondary role mainly as quantities used to calculate the electric and magnetic fields. However, quantum mechanics including quantum electrodynamics (QED) and other gauge theories demands a potential ($\\Phi$,$\\mathbf{A}$) oriented representation where the potentials are the more fundamental quantities. Here, we help bridge that gap by showing that the homogeneous Maxwell's equations together with the Lorentz Force Law can be derived from assuming that the potentials represent potential energy and momentum per unit charge. Furthermore, we enumerate the additional assumptions that are needed to derive the inhomogeneous Maxwell's equations. As part of this work we demonstrate the physical nature and importance of gauge invariance.
Szabados, Barna
performance torque control. Advanced high speed salient-pole synchronous machine drives use vector control Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines Abstract: An experimental investigation is conducted to determine the behaviour of brushless PM synchronous machine parameters in the high speed flux weakening operating range
Mueller, Fred M. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence (Los Alamos, NM); Grube, Holger (Los Alamos, NM); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM); Mace, Jonathan L. (Los Alamos, NM)
2006-11-14T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetic infrasound sensor is produced by constraining a permanent magnet inside a magnetic potential well above the surface of superconducting material. The magnetic infrasound sensor measures the position or movement of the permanent magnet within the magnetic potential well, and interprets the measurements. Infrasound sources can be located and characterized by combining the measurements from one or more infrasound sensors. The magnetic infrasound sensor can be tuned to match infrasound source types, resulting in better signal-to-noise ratio. The present invention can operate in frequency modulation mode to improve sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio. In an alternate construction, the superconductor can be levitated over a magnet or magnets. The system can also be driven, so that time resolved perturbations are sensed, resulting in a frequency modulation version with improved sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio.
Magnetic field distribution in the plasma flow generated by a plasma focus discharge
Mitrofanov, K. N., E-mail: mitrofan@triniti.ru [Troitsk Institute for Innovaiton and Fusion Research (Russian Federation); Krauz, V. I., E-mail: krauz_vi@nrcki.ru; Myalton, V. V.; Velikhov, E. P.; Vinogradov, V. P.; Vinogradova, Yu. V. [National Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Russian Federation)
2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
The magnetic field in the plasma jet propagating from the plasma pinch region along the axis of the chamber in a megajoule PF-3 plasma focus facility is studied. The dynamics of plasma with a trapped magnetic flow is analyzed. The spatial sizes of the plasma jet region in which the magnetic field concentrates are determined in the radial and axial directions. The magnetic field configuration in the plasma jet is investigated: the radial distribution of the azimuthal component of the magnetic field inside the jet is determined. It is shown that the magnetic induction vector at a given point in space can change its direction during the plasma flight. Conclusions regarding the symmetry of the plasma flow propagation relative to the chamber axis are drawn.
Ultrafast Magnetism Dynamics Measure Using Tabletop Ultrafast EUV Sources
Silva, Thomas J. [NIST] [NIST; Murnane, Margaret [University of Colorado] [University of Colorado
2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z
In our work to date, we made two significant advances. First we demonstrated element-selective demagnetization dynamics for the first time, with a record time resolution for x-ray probing of 55 fs. Second, in new work, we were able to probe the timescale of the exchange interaction in magnetic materials, also for the first time. Our measurements were made using the transverse magneto-optic Kerr effect (T-MOKE) geometry, since the reflectivity of a magnetic material changes with the direction of the magnetization vector of a surface. In our experiment, we periodically reversed the magnetization direction of a grating structure made of Permalloy (Ni80Fe20) using an external magnetic field. To achieve maximum contrast, we used HHG light spanning the M-shell (3p) absorption edges of Fe and Ni. Our characterization of the static magnetization of a Permalloy sample shows high magnetic asymmetry at photon energies just above and below the absorption edges at 55 eV and 65 eV, respectively. This result is in excellent agreement with measurements done on the same using a synchrotron source.
Spectral measures associated to rank two Lie groups and finite subgroups of $GL(2,\\mathbb{Z})$
David E. Evans; Mathew Pugh
2015-02-23T23:59:59.000Z
Spectral measures for fundamental representations of the rank two Lie groups $SU(3)$, $Sp(2)$ and $G_2$ have been studied. Since these groups have rank two, these spectral measures can be defined as measures over their maximal torus $\\mathbb{T}^2$ and are invariant under an action of the corresponding Weyl group, which is a subgroup of $GL(2,\\mathbb{Z})$. Here we consider spectral measures invariant under an action of the other finite subgroups of $GL(2,\\mathbb{Z})$. These spectral measures are all associated with fundamental representations of other rank two Lie groups, namely $\\mathbb{T}^2=U(1) \\times U(1)$, $U(1) \\times SU(2)$, $U(2)$, $SU(2) \\times SU(2)$, $SO(4)$ and $PSU(3)$.
Mean-field analysis of ground state and low-lying electric dipole strength in $^{22}$C
Tsunenori Inakura; W. Horiuchi; Y. Suzuki; T. Nakatsukasa
2014-05-30T23:59:59.000Z
Properties of neutron-rich $^{22}$C are studied using the mean-field approach with Skyrme energy density functionals. Its weak binding and large total reaction cross section, which are suggested by recent experiments, are simulated by modifying the central part of Skyrme potential. Calculating $E1$ strength distribution by using the random-phase approximation, we investigate developments of low-lying electric dipole ($E1$) strength and a contribution of core excitations of $^{20}$C. As the neutron Fermi level approaches the zero energy threshold ($\\varepsilon_F >\\sim -1$ MeV), we find that the low-lying $E1$ strength exceeds the energy-weighted cluster sum rule, which indicates an importance of the core excitations with the $1d_{5/2}$ orbit.
Primordial magnetic fields from self-ordering scalar fields
Horiguchi, Kouichirou; Sekiguchi, Toyokazu; Sugiyama, Naoshi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A symmetry-breaking phase transition in the early universe could have led to the formation of cosmic defects. Because these defects dynamically excite not only scalar and tensor type cosmological perturbations but also vector type ones, they may serve as a source of primordial magnetic fields. In this study, we calculate the time evolution and the spectrum of magnetic fields that are generated by a type of cosmic defects, called global textures, using the non-linear sigma (NLSM) model. Based on the standard cosmological perturbation theory, we show, both analytically and numerically, that a vector-mode relative velocity between photon and baryon fluids is induced by textures, which inevitably leads to the generation of magnetic fields over a wide range of scales. We find that the amplitude of the magnetic fields is given by $B\\sim{10^{-9}}{((1+z)/10^3)^{-2.5}}({v}/{m_{\\rm pl}})^2({k}/{\\rm Mpc^{-1}})^{3.5}/{\\sqrt{N}}$ Gauss in the radiation dominated era for $k\\lesssim 1$ Mpc$^{-1}$, with $v$ being the vacuum ...
Spectrum of Perturbations in Anisotropic Inflationary Universe with Vector Hair
Burak Himmetoglu
2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z
We study both the background evolution and cosmological perturbations of anisotropic inflationary models supported by coupled scalar and vector fields. The models we study preserve the U(1) gauge symmetry associated with the vector field, and therefore do not possess instabilities associated with longitudinal modes (which instead plague some recently proposed models of vector inflation and curvaton). We first intoduce a model in which the background anisotropy slowly decreases during inflation; we then confirm the stability of the background solution by studying the quadratic action for all the perturbations of the model. We then compute the spectrum of the $h_{\\times}$ gravitational wave polarization. The spectrum we find breaks statistical isotropy at the largest scales and reduces to the standard nearly scale invariant form at small scales. We finally discuss the possible relevance of our results to the large scale CMB anomalies.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials ] (
McHenry, Michael E.
magnetic properties were measured with a vibrating sample magnetometer. The mass-specific power loss.40.Rs Keywords: Nanocrystalline alloys; Amorphous alloys; Field annealing; Power loss; Soft magnets the hysteretic power loss while maintaining high-temperature operability [4]. Other goals have included studies
Vector- and Scalar-Bilepton Pair Production in Hadron Colliders
E. Ramirez Barreto; Y. A. Coutinho; J. Sá Borges
2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z
We study the double-charged vector-bilepton pair production and double-charged scalar-bilepton pair production {\\it via} $p + p \\longrightarrow Y^{++} + Y^{--} + X$ and $p + p \\longrightarrow S_1^{++} + S_1^{--} + X$, where $Y$ and $S_1$ are vector and scalar bileptons respectively, in the framework of the minimal version of the 3-3-1 model. We compute the photon, $Z$, and $Z^\\prime$ s-channel contributions for the elementary process of bilepton scalar pair production, and to keep the correct unitarity behavior for the elementary $q \\bar q$ interaction, we include the exotic quark t-channel contribution in the vector-bilepton pair production calculation. We explore a mass range for $Z^\\prime$ and we fix the exotic quark mass within the experimental bounds. In this model, the vector-bilepton mass is directly related to $M_{Z^\\prime}$ and we consider scalar mass values around the vector-bilepton mass. We show that the total cross section for vector-bilepton production is 3 orders of magnitude larger than for scalar pair production for $\\sqrt s= 7$ TeV and 14 TeV and we obtain the number of events for the proposed LHC luminosities as a function of the bilepton mass. In addition we present some invariant mass and transverse momentum distributions. When comparing these distributions we observe quite different behavior providing the determination of the bilepton nature. We conclude that one can disentangle the production rates and that the LHC can be capable of detecting these predicted particles as a signal for new physics.
Buz, Jennifer
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The magnetization of young lunar samples (magnetic fields (e.g. core dynamo and long-lived impact plasma fields) have not been present within the last 1.5 Ga. To better ...
Magnetic assisted statistical assembly
Cheng, Diana I
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The objective of this thesis is to develop a process using magnetic forces to assemble micro-components into recesses on silicon based integrated circuits. Patterned SmCo magnetic thin films at the bottom of recesses are ...
[New hosts and vectors for genome cloning]. Progress report
Not Available
1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
The main goal of our project remains the development of new bacterial hosts and vectors for the stable propagation of human DNA clones in E. coli. During the past six months of our current budget period, we have (1) continued to develop new hosts that permit the stable maintenance of unstable features of human DNA, and (2) developed a series of vectors for (a) cloning large DNA inserts, (b) assessing the frequency of human sequences that are lethal to the growth of E. coli, and (c) assessing the stability of human sequences cloned in M13 for large-scale sequencing projects.
Vector norms, convex bodies and subordinate matrix norms
Dean, Joe Harvey
1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Hajor Subject: lla!hematrcs VECTOR NORMS, CONVEX BODIES AND SUBORDINATE MATRIX NORMS O i C Z A Thesis by Joe Harvey Dean IZI O C m m C+) 0 g 0 Approved as to style and content by: ( a rman o Committee) / (. (Head of Department) (Member...) (Member) (Memb er) (M er) (Member) May 1971 P BS. I'RACT Vector IIorms, Convex Bodies and Subordinate IIatrix Norms. (Hay 1971) Joe H. Dean, B. A. , Texas AVI University; Directed by: Dr. H. A. Luther It is often convenient to have a measure...
Development of a carotenoid shuttle vector for Lactobacillus
White, Kevin E
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
biosynthesis aller shuttling. A Lactobacillus replicon and an erythromycin resistance marker was prepared &om plasmid pLP503, a shuttle vector for Lactobacillus and E. cali. This insert was ligated into linearized pCAR16, a plasmid vector which contains a... molecules. . . . 10 2. Biosynthetic pathway for carotenoid biosynthesis in Erwinia uredovora. . . . . 12 3. Restriction map of carotenoid biosynthesis gene cluster insert in plasmid pCAR16. 23 4. Restriction map of pUC19 polycloning site 24 5. Gel...
Magnetic susceptibility in QCD
V. D. Orlovsky; Yu. A. Simonov
2014-05-12T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetic susceptibility in the deconfined phase of QCD is calculated in a closed form using a recent general expression for the quark gas pressure in magnetic field. Quark selfenergies are entering the result via Polyakov line factors and ensure the total paramagnetic effect, increasing with temperature. A generalized form of magnetic susceptibility in nonzero magnetic field suitable for experimental and lattice measurements is derived, showing a good agreement with available lattice data.
Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH
Min, Byung Il
Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH #12;Magnetism Theory Group / POSTECH J.H . Park et al. #12;'s of FeinCsm e tal The chargeandorbitalordering geom etryin YB a C o 2 O 5 S. K. Kwon etal .Magnetism Theory
Magnetic nanohole superlattices
Liu, Feng
2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetic material is disclosed including a two-dimensional array of carbon atoms and a two-dimensional array of nanoholes patterned in the two-dimensional array of carbon atoms. The magnetic material has long-range magnetic ordering at a temperature below a critical temperature Tc.
New dynamo pattern revealed by solar helical magnetic fields
Zhang, Hongqi; Pevtsov, A; Gao, Yu; Xu, Haiqing; Sokoloff, D D; Kuzanyan, K
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Previously unobservable mirror asymmetry of the solar magnetic field -- a key ingredient of the dynamo mechanism which is believed to drive the 11-year activity cycle -- has now been measured. This was achieved through systematic monitoring of solar active regions carried out for more than 20 years at observatories in Mees, Huairou, and Mitaka. In this paper we report on detailed analysis of vector magnetic field data, obtained at Huairou Solar Observing Station in China. Electric current helicity (the product of current and magnetic field component in the same direction) was estimated from the data and a latitude-time plot of solar helicity during the last two solar cycles has been produced. We find that like sunspots helicity patterns propagate equatorwards but unlike sunspot polarity helicity in each solar hemisphere does not change sign from cycle to cycle - confirming the theory. There are, however, two significant time-latitudinal domains in each cycle when the sign does briefly invert. Our findings she...
Computing nonlinear force free coronal magnetic fields
T. Wiegelmann; T. Neukirch
2008-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Knowledge of the structure of the coronal magnetic field is important for our understanding of many solar activity phenomena, e.g. flares and CMEs. However, the direct measurement of coronal magnetic fields is not possible with present methods, and therefore the coronal field has to be extrapolated from photospheric measurements. Due to the low plasma beta the coronal magnetic field can usually be assumed to be approximately force free, with electric currents flowing along the magnetic field lines. There are both observational and theoretical reasons which suggest that at least prior to an eruption the coronal magnetic field is in a nonlinear force free state. Unfortunately the computation of nonlinear force free fields is way more difficult than potential or linear force free fields and analytic solutions are not generally available. We discuss several methods which have been proposed to compute nonlinear force free fields and focus particularly on an optimization method which has been suggested recently. We compare the numerical performance of a newly developed numerical code based on the optimization method with the performance of another code based on an MHD relaxation method if both codes are applied to the reconstruction of a semi-analytic nonlinear force-free solution. The optimization method has also been tested for cases where we add random noise to the perfect boundary conditions of the analytic solution, in this way mimicking the more realistic case where the boundary conditions are given by vector magnetogram data. We find that the convergence properties of the optimization method are affected by adding noise to the boundary data and we discuss possibilities to overcome this difficulty.
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
ANNUAL REPORT RESEARCH HIGHLIGHTS: CONDENSED MATTER SCIENCE Technique development, graphene, magnetism & magnetic materials, topological insulators, quantum fl uids & solids,...
Magnetically attached sputter targets
Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.
1994-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.
Fusion and the Neveu-Schwarz Singular Vectors
L. Benoit; Y. Saint-Aubin
1992-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Bauer, Di Francesco, Itzykson and Zuber proposed recently an algorithm to construct all singular vectors of the Virasoro algebra. It is based on the decoupling of (already known) singular fields in the fusion process. We show how to extend their algorithm to the Neveu-Schwarz superalgebra.
Vector Boson Fusion Higgs Production at the LHC - Mass Variables
Dan Green
2005-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
There exist substantial backgrounds to the vector boson fusion production of Higgs at the LHC. Mass variables are studied which may alleviate the need to assume a spin zero WW resonance in order to achieve a sufficient signal to noise ratio in the two jet plus two lepton and missing energy final state.
On the Massless Vector Fields in a Rindler Space
Soldati, Roberto
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the quantum theory of the mass-less vector fields on the Rindler space. We evaluate the Bogoliubov coefficients by means of a new technique based upon the use of light-front coordinates and Mellin transform. We briefly comment about the ensuing Unruh effect and its consequences.
On a New 4-Vector Cosmological Field Theory
G. G. Nyambuya
2009-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
The original Dirac Equation is modified in the simplest imaginable and most trivial manner to include a universal 4-Vector Cosmological Field term in the space and time dimensions. This cosmological field leads to a modified Dirac Equation capable of explaining why the Universe appears to be made up chiefly of matter. It is seen that this 4-Vector Cosmological Field is actually a particle field and this particle field can possibly be identified with the darkmatter and darkenergy field. Further, this 4-Vector Cosmological Field is seen to give spacetime the desired quantum mechanical properties of randomness. Furthermore, it is seen that in the emergent Universe, the position coordinates of a particle in space -- contrary to the widely accepted belief that the position of a particle in space has no physical significance, we see that that opposite is true - namely that the position of a particle has physical significance. We further note that the 4-Vector Cosmological Field modification to the Dirac Equation leads us to a vacuum model redolent but different from that of Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). This new vacuum model is without virtual particles but darkparticles. We dare to make the suggestion that these darkparticles may possibly explain the current mystery of what really is darkmatter and darkenergy.
THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb
DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. HereTHE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb 1. Introduction. When I was 13, the intellectual world. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which
THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Gottlieb
;2 DANIEL H. GOTTLIEB What do I mean ? Look at the example of Newton's Law of Gravitation. Here THE LAW OF VECTOR FIELDS Daniel H. Something fantastically beautiful. This something is the existence of a few general laws or principles which
Search for first-generation scalar and vector leptoquarks
Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Coppage, Don; Hebert, C.
2001-09-09T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a search for the pair production of first-generation scalar and vector leptoquarks in the eejj and e?jj channels by the DØ Collaboration. The data are from the 1992–1996 pp-bar run at s?=1.8?TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. We find...
RD-Optimization of Hierarchical Structured Adaptive Vector Quantization
Reiterer, Harald
compensation can become competitive with standard transform coding. 1 Introduction Vector quantization (VQ) has coding based on entropy coding of motion compensated residual frames in the frequency domain, adaptive mode). This video codec does not apply motion compensation, however. A comparison with standard
Contractive and completely contractive modules, matricial tangent vectors
Misra, Gadadhar
Contractive and completely contractive modules, matricial tangent vectors and distance decreasing a finite dimensional Hilbert module over H() and that the module is contractive if and only if C, (v tensor product norm then again the module is contractive if and only if V is less or equal to one
Discrete Ordinate Method for Solving Inhomogeneous Vector Radiative Transfer Equation
Pattanaik, Sumanta N.
paper.. This type of equation appears when modeling radiative transport in plane parallel media. WeDiscrete Ordinate Method for Solving Inhomogeneous Vector Radiative Transfer Equation We describe here a solution method for equations of the type given by: Âµ I(,Âµ) +I(,Âµ)- () 2 1 -1 Z(,Âµ,Âµ )I(,Âµ )dÂµ
Are Quantum States Exponentially Long Vectors? Scott Aaronson
Aaronson, Scott
Are Quantum States Exponentially Long Vectors? Scott Aaronson I'm grateful to Oded Goldreich computing is impossible not only in practice but also in principle: As far as I am concern[ed], the QC model main disagreement with Scott is conceptual: He says that it is up to the "skeptics" to make a [concrete
Are Quantum States Exponentially Long Vectors? Scott Aaronson #
Aaronson, Scott
Are Quantum States Exponentially Long Vectors? Scott Aaronson # I'm grateful to Oded Goldreich that quantum computing is impossible not only in practice but also in principle: As far as I am concern[ed forming a #Âshaped pitchfork. 1 #12; My main disagreement with Scott is conceptual: He says that it is up
Boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations and Bethe vectors
Nicolai Reshetikhin; Jasper Stokman; Bart Vlaar
2014-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
Solutions to boundary quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equations are constructed as bilateral sums involving "off-shell" Bethe vectors in case the reflection matrix is diagonal and only the 2-dimensional representation of $U_q(\\hat{\\frak{sl}(2)})$ is involved. We also consider their rational and classical degenerations.
Evaluation of a Vector Hypercube for Seismic Modelling Seismic modelling
Renaut, Rosemary
Evaluation of a Vector Hypercube for Seismic Modelling Abstract Seismic modelling is a computationally to produce realistic seismic traces intensive problem. A 2D syn- Rosemary Renautt and Johnny of seismic data. The two-dimensional wave equation which describes the propagation of stress waves
Singular Vector Analysis for Atmospheric Chemical Transport Models
Sandu, Adrian
are presented for a simulation of atmospheric pollution in East Asia in March 2001. The singular valuesSingular Vector Analysis for Atmospheric Chemical Transport Models Wenyuan Liao and Adrian Sandu for atmospheric chemical transport models. The distinguishing feature of these models is the presence of stiff
Sheath formation criterion in magnetized electronegative plasmas with thermal ions
Hatami, M. M. [Physics Department of K N Toosi University of Technology, 15418-49611 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shokri, B. [Physics Department and Laser-Plasma Research Institute of Shahid Beheshti University, G. C., Evin, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
Taking into account the effect of collisions and positive ion temperatures, the sheath formation criterion is investigated in a weakly magnetized electronegative plasma consisting of electrons, negative and positive ions by using the hydrodynamics equations. It is assumed that the electron and negative ion density distributions are the Boltzmann distribution with two different temperatures. Also, it is assumed that the velocity of positive ions at the sheath edge is not normal to the wall (oblique entrance). Our results show that a sheath region will be formed when the initial velocity of positive ions or the ion Mach number M lies in a specific interval with particular upper and lower limits. Also, it is shown that the presence of the magnetic field affects both of these limits. Moreover, as an practical application, the density distribution of charged particles in the sheath region is studied for an allowable value of M, and it is seen that monotonically reduction of the positive ion density distribution leading to the sheath formation occurs only when M lies between two above mentioned limits.
Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) of students' understanding of vector subtraction
Zollman, Dean
and Electricity and Magnetism have been collapsed together. In this short paper, we use an easily-understood exam (Mechanics) or second quarter (Electricity and Magnetism) introductory calculus-based physics course homework assignment con- sisted of participating in a one-hour session in a physics education research lab
Low-lying isomeric state in {sup 80}Ga from the {beta}{sup -} decay of {sup 80}Zn
LicA, R.; Marginean, N.; Ghita, D.G. [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); and others
2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
A new level scheme was constructed for {sup 80}Ga which is significantly different from the one previously reported. The excitation energy of a new low-lying state recently reported in [2] was identified at 22.4 keV. Properties of the level scheme suggest that the ground state has spin J = 6 and the first excited state has spin J = 3. The spin assignments are in agreement with laser spectroscopy values previously measured. Our work provides the first evidence for the J = 6 being the ground state.
Permanent magnet steam generator
Gerard, F.; Gerard, F.J.
1986-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
This patent describes a system for magnetic heating of a fluid by motor rotation of a permanent magnet rotor adjacent an assembly of ferro-magnetic condensing plate and of copper heat absorber plate with protrusions through the ferro-magnetic condensing plate into an enclosure with the fluid therein and having fluid inlet and fluid outlet. The assembly has a first shaft and a second shaft coaxially spaced therefrom, a respective the motor connected to the outer end of each shaft, and a respective the permanent magnet rotor connected to the inner end of each shaft, adjacent a the heat absorber plate. The improvement described here comprises: the enclosure including a steel boiler with a first the ferro-magnetic condensing plate closing off a first end thereof and a second the ferro-magnetic condensing plate closing off a second end thereof, a the copper heat absorbing plate affixed on each ferro-magnetic plate; means, free of pockets, for promoting turbulent flow of the fluid with uniformly good heat transfer including the protrusion being a plurality of heat sinks, each heat sink of the plurality of heat sinks comprising an integral elongate member with an alternately large diameter and smaller diameter portions regularly spaced therealong. The elongate members through the first the ferro-magnetic condensing plate are coaxially aligned with the elongate members through the second the ferro-magnetic condensing plate.
Vladimir A. Miransky; Igor A. Shovkovy
2015-04-10T23:59:59.000Z
A range of quantum field theoretical phenomena driven by external magnetic fields and their applications in relativistic systems and quasirelativistic condensed matter ones, such as graphene and Dirac/Weyl semimetals, are reviewed. We start by introducing the underlying physics of the magnetic catalysis. The dimensional reduction of the low-energy dynamics of relativistic fermions in an external magnetic field is explained and its role in catalyzing spontaneous symmetry breaking is emphasized. The general theoretical consideration is supplemented by the analysis of the magnetic catalysis in quantum electrodynamics, chromodynamics and quasirelativistic models relevant for condensed matter physics. By generalizing the ideas of the magnetic catalysis to the case of nonzero density and temperature, we argue that other interesting phenomena take place. The chiral magnetic and chiral separation effects are perhaps the most interesting among them. In addition to the general discussion of the physics underlying chiral magnetic and separation effects, we also review their possible phenomenological implications in heavy-ion collisions and compact stars. We also discuss the application of the magnetic catalysis ideas for the description of the quantum Hall effect in monolayer and bilayer graphene, and conclude that the generalized magnetic catalysis, including both the magnetic catalysis condensates and the quantum Hall ferromagnetic ones, lies at the basis of this phenomenon. We also consider how an external magnetic field affects the underlying physics in a class of three-dimensional quasirelativistic condensed matter systems, Dirac semimetals. While at sufficiently low temperatures and zero density of charge carriers, such semimetals are expected to reveal the regime of the magnetic catalysis, the regime of Weyl semimetals with chiral asymmetry is realized at nonzero density...
Vladimir A. Miransky; Igor A. Shovkovy
2015-03-02T23:59:59.000Z
A range of quantum field theoretical phenomena driven by external magnetic fields and their applications in relativistic systems and quasirelativistic condensed matter ones, such as graphene and Dirac/Weyl semimetals, are reviewed. We start by introducing the underlying physics of the magnetic catalysis. The dimensional reduction of the low-energy dynamics of relativistic fermions in an external magnetic field is explained and its role in catalyzing spontaneous symmetry breaking is emphasized. The general theoretical consideration is supplemented by the analysis of the magnetic catalysis in quantum electrodynamics, chromodynamics and quasirelativistic models relevant for condensed matter physics. By generalizing the ideas of the magnetic catalysis to the case of nonzero density and temperature, we argue that other interesting phenomena take place. The chiral magnetic and chiral separation effects are perhaps the most interesting among them. In addition to the general discussion of the physics underlying chiral magnetic and separation effects, we also review their possible phenomenological implications in heavy-ion collisions and compact stars. We also discuss the application of the magnetic catalysis ideas for the description of the quantum Hall effect in monolayer and bilayer graphene, and conclude that the generalized magnetic catalysis, including both the magnetic catalysis condensates and the quantum Hall ferromagnetic ones, lies at the basis of this phenomenon. We also consider how an external magnetic field affects the underlying physics in a class of three-dimensional quasirelativistic condensed matter systems, Dirac semimetals. While at sufficiently low temperatures and zero density of charge carriers, such semimetals are expected to reveal the regime of the magnetic catalysis, the regime of Weyl semimetals with chiral asymmetry is realized at nonzero density...
Gulati, Kanupriya
2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z
approach to determine and implicitly represent the leakage value for all input vectors of a combinational circuit is presented. In its exact form, this technique can compute the leakage value of each input vector, by storing these leakage values implicitly...
E-Print Network 3.0 - adenovirus vector carrying Sample Search...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
infected with a lentivirus vector carrying the DSG-2 cDNA under... ., Ruigrok, R.W., Gout, E., Buffet, S. & Chroboczek, J. Adenovirus dodecahedron, a new vector for human...
Conceptual design of a thrust-vectoring tailcone for underwater robotics
Nawrot, Michael T
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Thrust-vectoring on Autonomous Underwater Vehicles is an appealing directional-control solution because it improves turning radius capabilities. Unfortunately, thrust-vectoring requires the entire propulsion system be ...
Passive magnetic bearing system
Post, Richard F.
2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z
An axial stabilizer for the rotor of a magnetic bearing provides external control of stiffness through switching in external inductances. External control also allows the stabilizer to become a part of a passive/active magnetic bearing system that requires no external source of power and no position sensor. Stabilizers for displacements transverse to the axis of rotation are provided that require only a single cylindrical Halbach array in its operation, and thus are especially suited for use in high rotation speed applications, such as flywheel energy storage systems. The elimination of the need of an inner cylindrical array solves the difficult mechanical problem of supplying support against centrifugal forces for the magnets of that array. Compensation is provided for the temperature variation of the strength of the magnetic fields of the permanent magnets in the levitating magnet arrays.
Experimental study of the low-lying structure of {sup 94}Zr with the (n,n{sup '}{gamma}) reaction
Elhami, E.; Orce, J. N.; Scheck, M.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Choudry, S. N.; McEllistrem, M. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Yates, S. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Angell, C.; Boswell, M.; Karwowski, H. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3255 (United States); Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL), Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Fallin, B.; Howell, C. R.; Hutcheson, A.; Parpottas, Y.; Tonchev, A. P.; Tornow, W. [Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL), Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708-0308 (United States); Kelley, J. H. [Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL), Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695-8202 (United States)
2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The low-lying structure of {sub 40}{sup 94}Zr was studied with the (n,n{sup '}{gamma}) reaction, and a level scheme was established based on excitation function and {gamma}{gamma} coincidence measurements. Branching ratios, multipole mixing ratios, and spin assignments were determined from angular distribution measurements. Lifetimes of levels up to 3.4 MeV were measured by the Doppler-shift attenuation method, and for many transitions the reduced transition probabilities were determined. In addition to the anomalous 2{sub 2}{sup +} state, which has a larger B(E2;2{sub 2}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +}) value than the B(E2;2{sub 1}{sup +}{yields}0{sub 1}{sup +}), the experimental results revealed interesting and unusual properties of the low-lying states in {sup 94}Zr. In a simple interpretation, the excited states are classified in two distinct categories, i.e., those populating the 2{sub 2}{sup +} state and those decaying to the 2{sub 1}{sup +} state.
Christiansen, D.W.; Brown, W.F.
1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A welder is described for automated closure of fuel pins by a pulsed magnetic process in which the open end of a length of cladding is positioned within a complementary tube surrounded by a pulsed magnetic welder. Seals are provided at each end of the tube, which can be evacuated or can receive tag gas for direct introduction to the cladding interior. Loading of magnetic rings and end caps is accomplished automatically in conjunction with the welding steps carried out within the tube.
Direct Volume Visualization of Three-Dimensional Vector Fields Roger Crawfis
Crawfis, Roger
. Particle systems [Reeves85] can be used to represent both scalar ([Max90], [Sabella88]) and vector fields
Magnetic Braids Anthony Yeates
Dundee, University of
flux function Main result Conclusion 2. Thermonuclear confinement devices. ITER (Internat'l Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor). Inside the KSTAR tokamak. Correspond to periodic magnetic braids. 4 / 22
Magnetic differential torque sensor
Lemarquand, V.; Lemarquand, G. [Univ. de Savoie, Annecy-le-Vieux (France)] [Univ. de Savoie, Annecy-le-Vieux (France)
1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
A new torque sensor structure is presented. The basic idea is a simple torque sensor with a variable magnetic circuit excited by an axially magnetized permanent magnet ring. The circuit is constituted by iron toothed rings, whose teeth relative position changes whenever an applied torque twists the rotating shaft. A Hall probe measures the induction in an airgap where the induction is uniform. The new structure is an association of two previous ones, thus creating a differential system with the related advantages: diminution of thermal drifts, zero mean value for the signal. The new magnetic circuit is studied by calculating equivalent reluctances through energy calculations and by using electrical analogies.
An efficient parallel algorithm for matrix-vector multiplication
Hendrickson, B.; Leland, R.; Plimpton, S.
1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The multiplication of a vector by a matrix is the kernel computation of many algorithms in scientific computation. A fast parallel algorithm for this calculation is therefore necessary if one is to make full use of the new generation of parallel supercomputers. This paper presents a high performance, parallel matrix-vector multiplication algorithm that is particularly well suited to hypercube multiprocessors. For an n x n matrix on p processors, the communication cost of this algorithm is O(n/[radical]p + log(p)), independent of the matrix sparsity pattern. The performance of the algorithm is demonstrated by employing it as the kernel in the well-known NAS conjugate gradient benchmark, where a run time of 6.09 seconds was observed. This is the best published performance on this benchmark achieved to date using a massively parallel supercomputer.
Biosensor method and system based on feature vector extraction
Greenbaum, Elias; Rodriguez, Jr., Miguel; Qi, Hairong; Wang, Xiaoling
2013-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
A system for biosensor-based detection of toxins includes providing at least one time-dependent control signal generated by a biosensor in a gas or liquid medium, and obtaining a time-dependent biosensor signal from the biosensor in the gas or liquid medium to be monitored or analyzed for the presence of one or more toxins selected from chemical, biological or radiological agents. The time-dependent biosensor signal is processed to obtain a plurality of feature vectors using at least one of amplitude statistics and a time-frequency analysis. At least one parameter relating to toxicity of the gas or liquid medium is then determined from the feature vectors based on reference to the control signal.
Prototype Vector Machine for Large Scale Semi-Supervised Learning
Zhang, Kai; Kwok, James T.; Parvin, Bahram
2009-04-29T23:59:59.000Z
Practicaldataminingrarelyfalls exactlyinto the supervisedlearning scenario. Rather, the growing amount of unlabeled data poses a big challenge to large-scale semi-supervised learning (SSL). We note that the computationalintensivenessofgraph-based SSLarises largely from the manifold or graph regularization, which in turn lead to large models that are dificult to handle. To alleviate this, we proposed the prototype vector machine (PVM), a highlyscalable,graph-based algorithm for large-scale SSL. Our key innovation is the use of"prototypes vectors" for effcient approximation on both the graph-based regularizer and model representation. The choice of prototypes are grounded upon two important criteria: they not only perform effective low-rank approximation of the kernel matrix, but also span a model suffering the minimum information loss compared with the complete model. We demonstrate encouraging performance and appealing scaling properties of the PVM on a number of machine learning benchmark data sets.
Particle production of vector fields: Scale invariance is attractive
Wagstaff, Jacques M.; Dimopoulos, Konstantinos [Physics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)
2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z
In a model of an Abelian vector boson with a Maxwell kinetic term and non-negative mass-squared it is demonstrated that, under fairly general conditions during inflation, a scale-invariant spectrum of perturbations for the components of a vector field, massive or not, whose kinetic function (and mass) is modulated by the inflaton field is an attractor solution. If the field is massless, or if it remains light until the end of inflation, this attractor solution also generates anisotropic stress, which can render inflation weakly anisotropic. The above two characteristics of the attractor solution can source (independently or combined together) significant statistical anisotropy in the curvature perturbation, which may well be observable in the near future.
Electroweak baryogenesis in the MSSM with vector-like superfields
Xue Chang; Ran Huo
2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
Introducing heavy particles with strong couplings to the Higgs field can strengthen electroweak phase transition, through the entropy release mechanism from both bosons and fermions. We analyze the possibility of electroweak baryogenesis in the MSSM with new vector-like superfields. The new vector-like particles belong to the representation 5+5bar+10+10bar of SU(5). By analyzing in detail the effective potential at finite temperature, we show that a strongly first order electroweak phase transition in this model is ruled out by a combination of 125 GeV Higgs requirement, the bound for exotic quarks, the gluon fusion Higgs production rate and the Higgs diphoton decay rate as well as the electroweak precision measurement.
Vector and Matrix Operations Programmed with UDFs in a Relational DBMS
Ordonez, Carlos
Vector and Matrix Operations Programmed with UDFs in a Relational DBMS Carlos Ordonez University, a relational DBMS provides limited capabilities to perform multidimensional statistical analysis, which re- quires manipulating vectors and matrices. In this work, we study how to extend a DBMS with basic vector
Classification using Intersection Kernel Support Vector Machines is Efficient Subhransu Maji
O'Brien, James F.
Classification using Intersection Kernel Support Vector Machines is Efficient Subhransu Maji EECS classification using kernelized SVMs re- quires evaluating the kernel for a test vector and each of the support vectors. For a class of kernels we show that one can do this much more efficiently. In particular we show
Search for DM at the LHC using vector boson fusion
Dutta, Bhaskar [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University College Station, TX (United States)
2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z
The Supersymmetry (SUSY) models are the best candidates to provide a cosmological connection to particle physics. The SUSY particles responsible for satisfying the dark matter content can be observed via cascade decay prcesses from the squarks, gluino productions. However if the squarks, gluinos are heavy, these particles also can be detected via vector boson fusion (VBF) production processes. In this review, I will summarize the search strategies involve VBF which will be very important to establish the cosmological connection.
Methods of treating Parkinson's disease using viral vectors
Bankiewicz, Krys; Cunningham, Janet
2012-11-13T23:59:59.000Z
Methods of delivering viral vectors, particularly recombinant AAV virions, to the central nervous system (CNS) are provided for the treatment of CNS disorders, particularly those disorders which involve the neurotransmitter dopamine. The methods entail providing rAAV virions that comprise a transgene encoding aromatic amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) and administering the virions to the brain of a mammal using a non-manual pump.
On completeness of orbits of Killing vector fields
Piotr T. Chrusciel
1993-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
A Theorem is proved which reduces the problem of completeness of orbits of Killing vector fields in maximal globally hyperbolic, say vacuum, space--times to some properties of the orbits near the Cauchy surface. In particular it is shown that all Killing orbits are complete in maximal developements of asymptotically flat Cauchy data, or of Cauchy data prescribed on a compact manifold. This result gives a significant strengthening of the uniqueness theorems for black holes.
A NEW DEGREE BOUND FOR VECTOR INVARIANTS OF SYMMETRIC GROUPS
Fleischmann, Peter
A NEW DEGREE BOUND FOR VECTOR INVARIANTS OF SYMMETRIC GROUPS P. FLEISCHMANN Abstract. Let R ) Å¸ n, provided that n! is invertible in R. This was used by E.Noether to prove fi(V; G) Å¸ jGj if j comÂ mutative rings R and show equality for n = p s a prime power and R = Z or any ring with n \\Delta
Non-stationary measurements of Chiral Magnetic Effect
Shevchenko, V.I., E-mail: vladimir.i.shevchenko@gmail.com
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We discuss the Chiral Magnetic Effect from the quantum theory of measurements point of view for non-stationary measurements. The effect of anisotropy for fluctuations of electric currents in a magnetic field is addressed. It is shown that anisotropy caused by nonzero axial chemical potential is indistinguishable in this framework from anisotropy caused by finite measurement time or finite lifetime of the magnetic field, and in all cases it is related to abelian triangle anomaly. Possible P-odd effects in central heavy-ion collisions (where the Chiral Magnetic Effect is absent) are discussed in this context. This paper is dedicated to the memory of Professor Mikhail Polikarpov (1952–2013). -- Highlights: •Asymmetry in the response function for vector currents of massless fermions in the magnetic field is computed. •Asymmetry caused by axial chemical potential is practically indistinguishable from the one caused by non-stationarity. •The CME current is non-dissipative in the stationary case and dissipative in the non-stationary case. •Importance of studies of P-odd signatures in central collisions is emphasized.
Ballistic dynamics of Dirac particles in electro-magnetic fields
Josef Mehringer; Edgardo Stockmeyer
2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z
Investigating properties of two-dimensional Dirac operators coupled to an electric and a magnetic field (perpendicular to the plane) requires in general unbounded (vector-) potentials. If the system has a certain symmetry, the fields can be described by one-dimensional potentials $V$ and $A$. Assuming that $|A|<|V|$ outside some arbitrary large ball, we show that absolutely continuous states of the effective Dirac operators spread ballistically. These results are based on well-known methods in spectral dynamics together with certain new Hilbert-Schmidt bounds. We use Lorentz boosts to derive these new estimates.
Magnetic Charge of the Stark States of Hydrogen Atoms
T. Pradhan
2008-09-28T23:59:59.000Z
It is conjectured that Stark states of excited hydrogen atom posses magnetic charge for which the quantum mechanical operator is $${\\cal G}_{op} = {e\\over \\hbar} (\\vec\\sigma\\cdot\\vec A)$$ where $\\vec A$ is the Runge-Lenz vector. The expectation value $g$ of this operator for Stark states is found to be $$ g = e(n_1-n_2)$$ which obeys a Dirac-Saha type quantization formula $${eg\\over c} = (n_1-n_2)\\alpha$$ where $\\alpha$ is the fine structure constant and $n_1$ and $n_2$ are parabolic quantum numbers. An experimental arrangement is outlined to test this conjecture.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 252 (2002) 159161 Magnetically induced alignment of FNS
Reznikov, Yuri
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 252 (2002) 159Â161 Magnetically induced alignment the observation of magnetically controlled anchoring of ferro-nematic suspensions. We found that application of a weak magnetic field to a cell with the ferro-suspension induces an easy orientation axis with weak
Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Electronic Structure and Magnetism in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors Print The possibility of using electrons' spins in addition to their charge in information technology has...
Superconducting Magnet Division
Ohta, Shigemi
Superconducting Magnet Division MAGNETIC DESIGN OF E-LENS SOLENOID AND CORRECTOR SYSTEM FOR RHIC* R Slotted Dipole Corrector Design Â· Slots are machined in an Al tube where superconducting wires are placed between superconducting and copper solenoid with superconducting solenoid at 6T Â· The desired field (>0
Bernard Jancewicz
1998-07-17T23:59:59.000Z
We present pictorial means of distinguishing contravariant vectors (or simply vectors) from covariant vectors (or linear forms). When one depicts vector as the directed segment, then the pictorial image of a linear form is a family of equidistant parallel planes with an arrow joining the neighbouring planes and showing the direction of increase of the form. First of these planes is the linear subspace of dimension two on which the linear form gives value zero. Several examples of physical quantities are given which are naturally vectors, and others which are naturally linear forms.
NANOSCALE STRUCTURALAND MAGNETIC CHARACTERIZATION USING
Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.
by magnetic materials as their dimensions are reduced towards the nanoscale. Important examples include coupling between magnetic thin films, which depends on the thickness of the non-magnetic spacer layer [2
El-Refaie, Ayman M [ORNL; Jahns, Thomas M [ORNL; Reddy, Patel [University of Wisconsin; McKeever, John W [ORNL
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a modified vector control algorithm for a fractional-slot concentrated-winding surface permanent magnet (SPM) machine that has been developed to maximize the machine's partial-load efficiency over a wide range of operating conditions. By increasing the amplitude of the negative d-axis current, the resulting increase in the stator copper losses can be more than offset by the reduction in the iron core losses achieved by lowering the stator d-axis flux amplitude. The effectiveness of this technique has been demonstrated using both analytical models and finite element analysis for a 55-kW (peak) SPM machine design developed for a demanding set of traction drive performance requirements. For this example, the modified control strategy increases the partial-load efficiency at 20% of rated torque by > 6% at 2000 r/min compared to the maximum torque/ampere algorithm, making the machine much more attractive for its intended application.
Thorn, C.E.; Chasman, C.; Baltz, A.J.
1981-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
An improved magnet more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.
R. Y. Chiao
2012-06-23T23:59:59.000Z
The flux as measured by the Josephson effect in a SQUID-like configuration with a ferromagnetic core inserted into its center, is shown to be sensitive to the vector potential arising from the central ferromagnetic core, even when the core is covered with a superconducting material that prevents any magnetic field lines from ever reaching the perimeter of the SQUID-like configuration. This leads to a macroscopic, Aharonov-Bohm-like effect that is observable in an asymmetric hysteresis loop in the response of the SQUID-like configuration to an externally applied magnetic field.
Hofmann, M. [Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät, Universität Siegen, Walter-Flex-Str. 3, 57068 Siegen (Germany)] [Naturwissenschaftlich-Technische Fakultät, Universität Siegen, Walter-Flex-Str. 3, 57068 Siegen (Germany); Rudolph, G.; Schmidt, M. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Augustusplatz 10/11, 04109 Leipzig (Germany)] [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Augustusplatz 10/11, 04109 Leipzig (Germany)
2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a system with symmetries whose configuration space is a compact Lie group, acted upon by inner automorphisms. The classical reduced phase space of this system decomposes into connected components of orbit type subsets. To investigate hypothetical quantum effects of this decomposition one has to construct the associated costratification of the Hilbert space of the quantum system in the sense of Huebschmann. In the present paper, instead of the decomposition by orbit types, we consider the related decomposition by reflection types (conjugacy classes of reflection subgroups). These two decompositions turn out to coincide, e.g., for the classical groups SU(n) and Sp(n). We derive defining relations for reflection type subsets in terms of irreducible characters and discuss how to obtain from that the corresponding costratification of the Hilbert space of the system. To illustrate the method, we give explicit results for some low rank classical groups.
S. Lievens; N. I. Stoilova; J. Van der Jeugt
2007-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
In a Wigner quantum mechanical model, with a solution in terms of the Lie superalgebra gl(1|n), one is faced with determining the eigenvalues and eigenvectors for an arbitrary self-adjoint odd element of gl(1|n) in any unitary irreducible representation W. We show that the eigenvalue problem can be solved by the decomposition of W with respect to the branching gl(1|n) --> gl(1|1) + gl(n-1). The eigenvector problem is much harder, since the Gel'fand-Zetlin basis of W is involved, and the explicit actions of gl(1|n) generators on this basis are fairly complicated. Using properties of the Gel'fand-Zetlin basis, we manage to present a solution for this problem as well. Our solution is illustrated for two special classes of unitary gl(1|n) representations: the so-called Fock representations and the ladder representations.
J. Terasaki; J. Engel
2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z
Although nuclear energy density functionals are determined primarily by fitting to ground state properties, they are often applied in nuclear astrophysics to excited states, usually through the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA). Here we test the Skyrme functionals SkM* and SLy4 along with the self-consistent QRPA by calculating properties of low-lying vibrational states in a large number of well-deformed even-even rare-earth nuclei. We reproduce trends in energies and transition probabilities associated with gamma-vibrational states, but our results are not perfect and indicate the presences of multi-particle-hole correlations that are not included in the QRPA. The Skyrme functional SkM* performs noticeably better than SLy4. In a few nuclei, changes in the treatment of the pairing energy functional have a significant effect. The QRPA is less successful with "beta-vibrational" states than with the gamma-vibrational states.
Thierry-Mieg, J
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In Yang-Mills theory, the charges of the left and right massless Fermions are independent of each other. We propose a new paradigm where we remove this freedom and densify the algebraic structure of Yang-Mills theory by integrating the scalar Higgs field into a new gauge-chiral 1-form which connects Fermions of opposite chiralities. Using the Biancchi identity, we prove that the corresponding covariant differential is associative if and only if we gauge a Lie-Kac super-algebra. In this model, spontaneous symmetry breakdown naturally occurs along an odd generator of the super-algebra and induces a representation of the Connes-Lott non commutative differential geometry of the 2-point finite space.
QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS
Eberhard, P.H.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS. P. H. Eberhard,Study of an Unprotected Superconducting Coil Going Normal,"Method for Testing Superconducting Magnets," LBL Physics
Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile...
The Low Lying Zeros of a GL(4) and a GL(6) family of L-functions
Eduardo Duenez; Steven J. Miller
2006-03-20T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the large weight (k --> oo) limiting statistics for the low lying zeros of a GL(4) and a GL(6) family of L-functions, {L(s,phi x f): f in H_k(1)} and {L(s,phi times sym^2 f): f in H_k(1)}; here phi is a fixed even Hecke-Maass cusp form and H_k(1) is a Hecke eigenbasis for the space H_k(1) of holomorphic cusp forms of weight k for the full modular group. Katz and Sarnak conjecture that the behavior of zeros near the central point should be well modeled by the behavior of eigenvalues near 1 of a classical compact group. By studying the 1- and 2-level densities, we find evidence of underlying symplectic and SO(even) symmetry, respectively. This should be contrasted with previous results of Iwaniec-Luo-Sarnak for the families {L(s,f): f in H_k(1)} and {L(s,sym^2f): f in H_k(1)}, where they find evidence of orthogonal and symplectic symmetry, respectively. The present examples suggest a relation between the symmetry type of a family and that of its twistings, which will be further studied in a subsequent paper. Both the GL(4) and the GL(6) families above have all even functional equations, and neither is naturally split from an orthogonal family. A folklore conjecture states that such families must be symplectic, which is true for the first family but false for the second. Thus the theory of low lying zeros is more than just a theory of signs of functional equations. An analysis of these families suggest that it is the second moment of the Satake parameters that determines the symmetry group.
Screening magnetic fields by superconductors: A simple model
Caputo, J.-G., E-mail: caputo@insa-rouen.fr [Laboratoire de Mathématiques, INSA de Rouen, Avenue de l'Université, 76801 Saint-Etienne du Rouvray (France); Gozzelino, L.; Laviano, F.; Ghigo, G.; Gerbaldo, R. [Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, 10129, Torino (Italy); Noudem, J.; Thimont, Y.; Bernstein, P. [CRISMAT/LUSAC, Physics Department, Université de Caen (France)
2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
We introduce a simple approach to evaluate the magnetic field distribution around superconducting samples, based on the London equations; the elementary variable is the vector potential. This procedure has no adjustable parameters, only the sample geometry and the London length, ?, determine the solution. This approach was validated by comparing the induction field calculated to the one measured above MgB{sub 2} disks of different diameters, at 20?K and for applied fields lower than 0.4?T. The model can be applied if the flux line penetration inside the sample can be neglected when calculating the induction field distribution outside the superconductor. We conclude by showing on a cup-shape geometry how one can design a magnetic shield satisfying a specific constraint.
Collective Modes of Chiral Kinetic Theory in Magnetic Field
Mikhail Stephanov; Ho-Ung Yee; Yi Yin
2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z
We study collective excitations in systems described by chiral kinetic theory in external magnetic field. We consider high-temperature weak-coupling plasma, as well as high-density Landau Fermi liquid with interaction not restricted to be weak. We show that chiral magnetic wave (CMW) emerges in hydrodynamic regime (at frequencies smaller than collision relaxation rate) and the CMW velocity is determined by thermodynamic properties only. We find that in a plasma of opposite chiralities, at frequencies smaller than the chirality-flipping rate, the CMW excitation turns into a vector-like diffusion mode. In the interacting Fermi liquid, the CMW turns into the Landau zero sound mode in the high-frequency collisionless regime.
Collective Modes of Chiral Kinetic Theory in Magnetic Field
Stephanov, Mikhail; Yin, Yi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study collective excitations in systems described by chiral kinetic theory in external magnetic field. We consider high-temperature weak-coupling plasma, as well as high-density Landau Fermi liquid with interaction not restricted to be weak. We show that chiral magnetic wave (CMW) emerges in hydrodynamic regime (at frequencies smaller than collision relaxation rate) and the CMW velocity is determined by thermodynamic properties only. We find that in a plasma of opposite chiralities, at frequencies smaller than the chirality-flipping rate, the CMW excitation turns into a vector-like diffusion mode. In the interacting Fermi liquid, the CMW turns into the Landau zero sound mode in the high-frequency collisionless regime.
Tailoring Magnetic Properties in Bulk Nanostructured Solids
Morales, Jason R.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
permanent magnets). Under specific temperature and applied magnetic field conditions, exchange coupling
T. Wiegelmann; B. Inhester
2008-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
We undertake a first attempt towards a consistent reconstruction of the coronal magnetic field and the coronal density structure. We consider a stationary solar corona which has to obey the equations of magnetohydrostatics. We solve these equations with help of a newly developed optimization scheme. As a first step we illustrate how tomographic information can be included into the reconstruction of coronal magnetic fields. In a second step we use coronal magnetic field information to improve the tomographic inversion process. As input the scheme requires magnetic field measurements on the photosphere from vector-magnetographs and the line-of-sight integrated density distribution from coronagraphs. We test our codes with well known analytic magnetohydrostatic equilibria and models. The program is planed for use within the STEREO mission.
Bonanos, Peter (East Brunswick, NJ)
1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A toroidal magnet for confining a high magnetic field for use in fusion reactor research and nuclear particle detection. The magnet includes a series of conductor elements arranged about and fixed at its small major radius portion to the outer surface of a central cylindrical support each conductor element having a geometry such as to maintain the conductor elements in pure tension when a high current flows therein, and a support assembly which redistributes all or part of the tension which would otherwise arise in the small major radius portion of each coil element to the large major radius portion thereof.
Fusion in coset CFT from admissible singular-vector decoupling
P. Mathieu; J. Rasmussen; M. A. Walton
2000-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
Fusion rules for Wess-Zumino-Witten (WZW) models at fractional level can be defined in two ways, with distinct results. The Verlinde formula yields fusion coefficients that can be negative. These signs cancel in coset fusion rules, however. On the other hand, the fusion coefficients calculated from decoupling of singular vectors are non-negative. They produce incorrect coset fusion rules, however, when factorisation is assumed. Here we give two prescriptions that yield the correct coset fusion rules from those found for the WZW models by the decoupling method. We restrict to the Virasoro minimal models for simplicity, and because decoupling results are only complete in the $\\su(2)$ case.
Vectorization: What is it and what is it good for?
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500IIVasudha Patri Mechanical Engineer Telephone Vectorization:
Vector CoGen Inc | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ < RAPID Jump to:Seadov PtyInformation UCOpen Energy InformationVashon, Washington:Veazie,Vector
Design of structured vector quantizers for diversity communication systems
Buzi, Larry Z
1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
. B. Two-Dimensional Index Assignments 1. Hexagonal l, sttice 2. S Lattice 8 9 ll 17 18 21 AN APPROACH TO STRUCTURED VECTOR QUANTI- ZATION FOR MULTIPI E CHANNELS . . . . . . , . . . . . . 24 A. SVQ for Two Channels . B. Design Algorithm 1... assignment, k=2 5J vu1 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page The MDSQ in a diversity system. Example of a labeling of the real line with indices . Sicle lattice used with Hexagonal index assignment 17 19 Central lattice formed from two offset Hexagonal...
Permanent magnet energy conversion machine with magnet mounting arrangement
Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Adams, Donald J. (Knoxville, TN)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A hybrid permanent magnet dc motor includes three sets of permanent magnets supported by the rotor and three sets of corresponding stators fastened to the surrounding frame. One set of magnets operates across a radial gap with a surrounding radial gap stator, and the other two sets of magnets operate off the respective ends of the rotor across respective axial gaps.
Sasmal, Sudip; Nayak, Malaya K; Vaval, Nayana; Pal, Sourav
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The molecular dipole moment and magnetic hyperfine structure constant demand an accurate wavefunction far from the nucleus and in near nuclear region, respectively. We, therefore, employ the so-called Z-vector method in the domain of relativistic coupled cluster theory to calculate the first order property of molecular systems in their open-shell ground state configuration. The implemented method is applied to calculate molecular dipole moment and parallel component of the magnetic hyperfine structure constant of SrF molecule. The results of our calculation are compared with the experimental and other available theoretically calculated values. We are successful in achieving good accordance with the experimental results. The result of our calculation of molecular dipole moment is in the accuracy of ~? 0.5 %, which is clearly an improvement over the previous calculation based on the expectation value method in the four component coupled cluster framework [V. S. Prasannaa et al, Phys. Rev. A 90, 052507 (2014)] a...
Magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, magnetic moment and characterization of Carancas meteorite
Rosales, Domingo
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
On September, 15th, 2007, in the community of Carancas (Puno, Peru) a stony meteorite formed a crater explosive type with a mean diameter of 13.5 m. some samples meteorite fragments were collected. The petrologic analysis performed corresponds to a meteorite ordinary chondrite H 4-5. In this paper we have analyzed the magnetic properties of a meteorite fragment with a proton magnetometer. Also in order to have a complete characterization of the Carancas meteorite and its crater, from several papers, articles and reports, we have made a compilation of the most important characteristics and properties of this meteorite.
Meyer, R.E.
1993-03-09T23:59:59.000Z
A climbing apparatus is provided for climbing ferromagnetic surfaces, such as storage tanks and steel frame structures. A magnet assembly is rotatably mounted in a frame assembly. The frame assembly provides a pair of cam surfaces having different dimensions so that, when the frame is rotated, the cam surfaces contact the ferromagnetic surface to separate the magnet assembly from the surface. The different cam dimensions enable one side of the magnet at a time to be detached from the surface to reduce the effort needed to disengage the climbing apparatus. The cam surface also provides for smoothly attaching the apparatus. A hardened dowel pin is also attached to the frame and the pointed end of the dowel engages the surface when the magnet is attached to the surface to prevent downward sliding movement of the assembly under the weight of the user.
Meyer, Ross E. (Los Alamos, NM)
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A climbing apparatus is provided for climbing ferromagnetic surfaces, such as storage tanks and steel frame structures. A magnet assembly is rotatably mounted in a frame assembly. The frame assembly provides a pair of cam surfaces having different dimensions so that, when the frame is rotated, the cam surfaces contact the ferromagnetic surface to separate the magnet assembly from the surface. The different cam dimensions enable one side of the magnet at a time to be detached from the surface to reduce the effort needed to disengage the climbing apparatus. The cam surface also provides for smoothly attaching the apparatus. A hardened dowel pin is also attached to the frame and the pointed end of the dowel engages the surface when the magnet is attached to the surface to prevent downward sliding movement of the assembly under the weight of the user.
Geometrically frustrated quantum magnets
NikoliÄ‡ , Predrag, 1974-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
(cont.) more general lessons on frustrated quantum magnetism. At the end, we demonstrate some new mathematical tools on two other frustrated two-dimensional systems, and summarize our conclusions, with an outlook to remaining ...
Large Superconducting Magnet Systems
Védrine, P
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 13–20 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.
N. I. Stoilova; J. Van der Jeugt
2010-04-14T23:59:59.000Z
A Gel'fand-Zetlin basis is introduced for the irreducible covariant tensor representations of the Lie superalgebra gl(m|n). Explicit expressions for the generators of the Lie superalgebra acting on this basis are determined. Furthermore, Clebsch-Gordan coefficients corresponding to the tensor product of any covariant tensor representation of gl(m|n) with the natural representation V ([1,0,...,0]) of gl(m|n) with highest weight (1,0,. . . ,0) are computed. Both results are steps for the explicit construction of the parastatistics Fock space.
Jose M. Pacheco
2007-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
Often some interesting or simply curious points are left out when developing a theory. It seems that one of them is the existence of an upper bound for the fraction of area of a convex and closed plane area lying outside a circle with which it shares a diameter, a problem stemming from the theory of isoperimetric inequalities. In this paper such a bound is constructed and shown to be attained for a particular area. It is also shown that convexity is a necessary condition in order to avoid the whole area lying outside the circle.
Berman, S.M.; Richardson R.W.
1983-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
The radiant emission of a mercury-argon discharge in a fluorescent lamp assembly is enhanced by providing means for establishing a magnetic field with lines of force along the path of electron flow through the bulb of the lamp assembly, to provide Zeeman splitting of the ultraviolet spectral line. Optimum results are obtained when the magnetic field strength causes a Zeeman splitting of approximately 1.7 times the thermal line width.
Nance, Thomas A. (Aiken, SC)
2009-08-18T23:59:59.000Z
A quick connect/disconnect coupling apparatus is provided in which a base member is engaged by a locking housing through a series of interengagement pins. The pins maintain the shaft in a locked position. Upon exposure to an appropriately positioned magnetic field, pins are removed a sufficient distance such that the shaft may be withdrawn from the locking housing. The ability to lock and unlock the connector assembly requires no additional tools or parts apart from a magnetic key.
Combined dispersive/interference spectroscopy for producing a vector spectrum
Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method of measuring the spectral properties of broadband waves that combines interferometry with a wavelength disperser having many spectral channels to produce a fringing spectrum. Spectral mapping, Doppler shifts, metrology of angles, distances and secondary effects such as temperature, pressure, and acceleration which change an interferometer cavity length can be measured accurately by a compact instrument using broadband illumination. Broadband illumination avoids the fringe skip ambiguities of monochromatic waves. The interferometer provides arbitrarily high spectral resolution, simple instrument response, compactness, low cost, high field of view and high efficiency. The inclusion of a disperser increases fringe visibility and signal to noise ratio over an interferometer used alone for broadband waves. The fringing spectrum is represented as a wavelength dependent 2-d vector, which describes the fringe amplitude and phase. Vector mathematics such as generalized dot products rapidly computes average broadband phase shifts to high accuracy. A Moire effect between the interferometer's sinusoidal transmission and the illumination heterodynes high resolution spectral detail to low spectral detail, allowing the use of a low resolution disperser. Multiple parallel interferometer cavities of fixed delay allow the instantaneous mapping of a spectrum, with an instrument more compact for the same spectral resolution than a conventional dispersive spectrometer, and not requiring a scanning delay.
Real-time individualized training vectors for experiential learning.
Willis, Matt; Tucker, Eilish Marie; Raybourn, Elaine Marie; Glickman, Matthew R.; Fabian, Nathan
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Military training utilizing serious games or virtual worlds potentially generate data that can be mined to better understand how trainees learn in experiential exercises. Few data mining approaches for deployed military training games exist. Opportunities exist to collect and analyze these data, as well as to construct a full-history learner model. Outcomes discussed in the present document include results from a quasi-experimental research study on military game-based experiential learning, the deployment of an online game for training evidence collection, and results from a proof-of-concept pilot study on the development of individualized training vectors. This Lab Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project leveraged products within projects, such as Titan (Network Grand Challenge), Real-Time Feedback and Evaluation System, (America's Army Adaptive Thinking and Leadership, DARWARS Ambush! NK), and Dynamic Bayesian Networks to investigate whether machine learning capabilities could perform real-time, in-game similarity vectors of learner performance, toward adaptation of content delivery, and quantitative measurement of experiential learning.
Permanent Magnet Ecr Plasma Source With Magnetic Field Optimization
Doughty, Frank C. (Plano, TX); Spencer, John E. (Plano, TX)
2000-12-19T23:59:59.000Z
In a plasma-producing device, an optimized magnet field for electron cyclotron resonance plasma generation is provided by a shaped pole piece. The shaped pole piece adjusts spacing between the magnet and the resonance zone, creates a convex or concave resonance zone, and decreases stray fields between the resonance zone and the workpiece. For a cylindrical permanent magnet, the pole piece includes a disk adjacent the magnet together with an annular cylindrical sidewall structure axially aligned with the magnet and extending from the base around the permanent magnet. The pole piece directs magnetic field lines into the resonance zone, moving the resonance zone further from the face of the magnet. Additional permanent magnets or magnet arrays may be utilized to control field contours on a local scale. Rather than a permeable material, the sidewall structure may be composed of an annular cylindrical magnetic material having a polarity opposite that of the permanent magnet, creating convex regions in the resonance zone. An annular disk-shaped recurve section at the end of the sidewall structure forms magnetic mirrors keeping the plasma off the pole piece. A recurve section composed of magnetic material having a radial polarity forms convex regions and/or magnetic mirrors within the resonance zone.
Hood, R.Q.
1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Utilizing self-consistent Hartree-Fock calculations, several aspects of multilayers and interfaces are explored: enhancement and reduction of the local magnetic moments, magnetic coupling at the interfaces, magnetic arrangements within each film and among non-neighboring films, global symmetry of the systems, frustration, orientation of the various moments with respect to an outside applied field, and magnetic-field induced transitions. Magnetoresistance of ferromagnetic-normal-metal multilayers is found by solving the Boltzmann equation. Results explain the giant negative magnetoresistance encountered in these systems when an initial antiparallel arrangement is changed into a parallel configuration by an external magnetic field. The calculation depends on (1) geometric parameters (thicknesses of layers), (2) intrinsic metal parameters (number of conduction electrons, magnetization, and effective masses in layers), (3) bulk sample properties (conductivity relaxation times), (4) interface scattering properties (diffuse scattering versus potential scattering at the interfaces, and (5) outer surface scattering properties (specular versus diffuse surface scattering). It is found that a large negative magnetoresistance requires considerable asymmetry in interface scattering for the two spin orientations. Features of the interfaces that may produce an asymmetrical spin-dependent scattering are studied: varying interfacial geometric random roughness with no lateral coherence, correlated (quasi-periodic) roughness, and varying chemical composition of the interfaces. The interplay between these aspects of the interfaces may enhance or suppress the magnetoresistance, depending on whether it increases or decreases the asymmetry in the spin-dependent scattering of the conduction electrons.
Freely oriented portable superconducting magnet
Schmierer, Eric N. (Los Alamos, NM); Prenger, F. Coyne (Los Alamos, NM); Hill, Dallas D. (Los Alamos, NM)
2010-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
A freely oriented portable superconducting magnet is disclosed. Coolant is supplied to the superconducting magnet from a repository separate from the magnet, enabling portability of the magnet. A plurality of support assemblies structurally anchor and thermally isolate the magnet within a thermal shield. A plurality of support assemblies structurally anchor and thermally isolate the thermal shield within a vacuum vessel. The support assemblies restrain movement of the magnet resulting from energizing and cooldown, as well as from changes in orientation, enabling the magnet to be freely orientable.
ZALIZNYAK,I.A.; LEE,S.H.
2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z
Much of our understanding of the atomic-scale magnetic structure and the dynamical properties of solids and liquids was gained from neutron-scattering studies. Elastic and inelastic neutron spectroscopy provided physicists with an unprecedented, detailed access to spin structures, magnetic-excitation spectra, soft-modes and critical dynamics at magnetic-phase transitions, which is unrivaled by other experimental techniques. Because the neutron has no electric charge, it is an ideal weakly interacting and highly penetrating probe of matter's inner structure and dynamics. Unlike techniques using photon electric fields or charged particles (e.g., electrons, muons) that significantly modify the local electronic environment, neutron spectroscopy allows determination of a material's intrinsic, unperturbed physical properties. The method is not sensitive to extraneous charges, electric fields, and the imperfection of surface layers. Because the neutron is a highly penetrating and non-destructive probe, neutron spectroscopy can probe the microscopic properties of bulk materials (not just their surface layers) and study samples embedded in complex environments, such as cryostats, magnets, and pressure cells, which are essential for understanding the physical origins of magnetic phenomena. Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful and versatile experimental tool for studying the microscopic properties of the magnetic materials. The magnitude of the cross-section of the neutron magnetic scattering is similar to the cross-section of nuclear scattering by short-range nuclear forces, and is large enough to provide measurable scattering by the ordered magnetic structures and electron spin fluctuations. In the half-a-century or so that has passed since neutron beams with sufficient intensity for scattering applications became available with the advent of the nuclear reactors, they have became indispensable tools for studying a variety of important areas of modern science, ranging from large-scale structures and dynamics of polymers and biological systems, to electronic properties of today's technological materials. Neutron scattering developed into a vast field, encompassing many different experimental techniques aimed at exploring different aspects of matter's atomic structure and dynamics. Modern magnetic neutron scattering includes several specialized techniques designed for specific studies and/or particular classes of materials. Among these are magnetic reflectometry aimed at investigating surfaces, interfaces, and multilayers, small-angle scattering for the large-scale structures, such as a vortex lattice in a superconductor, and neutron spin-echo spectroscopy for glasses and polymers. Each of these techniques and many others offer exciting opportunities for examining magnetism and warrant extensive reviews, but the aim of this chapter is not to survey how different neutron-scattering methods are used to examine magnetic properties of different materials. Here, we concentrate on reviewing the basics of the magnetic neutron scattering, and on the recent developments in applying one of the oldest methods, the triple axis spectroscopy, that still is among the most extensively used ones. The developments discussed here are new and have not been coherently reviewed. Chapter 2 of this book reviews magnetic small-angle scattering, and modern techniques of neutron magnetic reflectometry are discussed in Chapter 3.
Merged vector gratings recorded in a photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystal film for polarimetry
Sasaki, Tomoyuki, E-mail: sasaki-tomoy@vos.nagaokaut.ac.jp; Wada, Takumi; Noda, Kohei; Ono, Hiroshi [Department of Electrical Engineering, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka, Nagaoka, Niigata 940-2188 (Japan); Kawatsuki, Nobuhiro [Department of Materials Science and Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, University of Hyogo, 2167 Shosha, Himeji, Hyogo 671-2280 (Japan)
2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z
A merged vector grating, which is holographically fabricated in an anisotropic medium by irradiation with interference light with intensity modulation and polarization modulation, was designed to detect the polarization of light. The merged vector grating is recorded by the interference of two elliptically polarized beams with equal intensities, parallel azimuths, equal ellipticities, and different directions of rotation. We clarified theoretically that the Stokes parameters of the incident light beam are described by the diffraction efficiency of the merged vector grating. Also, to apply this property to formation of a polarimeter without any moving parts or mechanisms, two merged vector gratings with different grating vectors were recorded in a photocrosslinkable polymer liquid crystal film by angle-multiplexed holography. By investigation of the diffraction properties of the gratings obtained, we demonstrated the applicability of the merged vector gratings for use in polarimetry.
A Kalman filtering technique for spacecraft attitude determination and control using Gibbs vector
Tallant, Gregory Stephen
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of the state vector these equations can be represented mathematically by x(t) = f(x(t), t) + g(x(t), t)w(t) (62) where x(t) is the state vector, and w(t) is the system process noise vector assumed to be Gaussian white noise with mean and covariance given... and covariance of the system state vector are given by E(x(t )} =- x(t ) = x (64a) E[ (x(to) ? x )(x(t ) ? xo) ] - =[P(to)] = [P ] (64b) where x(t ) is the actual state vector initially, x(t ) is the expected value of the initial state vector, and [P ] is 0...
Franzese, Giancarlo
on the elastomagnetic coupling but also on the interaction among the microparticles magnetic moments depending as for possible applications [1,2]. When the magnetic particles are permanently magnetized and the matrix material. Bar shaped samples have been produced with the permanent magnetic moments preferentially oriented
Seward, Trenee
2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
. Be fore I could properly adjust things, Daddy nudged me in my ribs with the television remo te and motioned for me to move out of his way. I playfully punched his arm and turned to see what had him adjusting his eyeglasses. For several minutes we... instructed her not to add any ice to his sweet tea, like she didn?t know his preferences by now. ? Jeopardy time, huh boy?? Daddy peered over the top of his eyeglasses and stared over at me. Daddy?s hair had been fu lly grey and his eyes bad since the day...
it will be the first post-modern industrial centre driven by the knowledge revolution. The skills and craft base into that category. Success breeds success Knowledge revolution FOREWORD In this issue we return to the theme regeneration M anchester has reinvented itself. It was the first industrial city and in my view
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies | Blandine Jerome Careers at WIPPCompletes itshome /
R. C. King; N. I. Stoilova; J. Van der Jeugt
2006-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
An explicit construction of all finite-dimensional irreducible representations of the Lie superalgebra gl(1|n) in a Gel'fand-Zetlin basis is given. Particular attention is paid to the so-called star type I representations (``unitary representations''), and to a simple class of representations V(p), with p any positive integer. Then, the notion of Wigner Quantum Oscillators (WQOs) is recalled. In these quantum oscillator models, the unitary representations of gl(1|DN) are physical state spaces of the N-particle D-dimensional oscillator. So far, physical properties of gl(1|DN) WQOs were described only in the so-called Fock spaces W(p), leading to interesting concepts such as non-commutative coordinates and a discrete spatial structure. Here, we describe physical properties of WQOs for other unitary representations, including certain representations V(p) of gl(1|DN). These new solutions again have remarkable properties following from the spectrum of the Hamiltonian and of the position, momentum, and angular momentum operators. Formulae are obtained that give the angular momentum content of all the representations V(p) of gl(1|3N), associated with the N-particle 3-dimensional WQO. For these representations V(p) we also consider in more detail the spectrum of the position operators and their squares, leading to interesting consequences. In particular, a classical limit of these solutions is obtained, that is in agreement with the correspondence principle.
Ole L. Trinhammer
2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z
We present a hamiltonian structure on the Lie group u(3) to describe the baryon spectrum. The ground state is identified with the proton. From this single fit we calculate approximately the relative neutron to proton mass shift to within half a percentage of the experimental value. From the same fit we calculate the nucleon and delta resonance spectrum with correct grouping and no missing resonances. For specific spin eigenfunctions we calculate the delta to nucleon mass ratio to within one percent. Finally we derive parton distribution functions that compare well with those for the proton valence quarks. The distributions are generated by projecting the proton state to space via the exterior derivative on u(3). We predict scarce neutral flavour singlets which should be visible in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments or in invariant mass spectra of protons and negative pions in B-decays and in photoproduction on neutrons. The presence of such singlet states distinguishes experimentally the present model from the standard model as does the prediction of the neutron to proton mass splitting. Conceptually the Hamiltonian may describe an effective phenomenology or more radically describe interior dynamics implying quarks and gluons as projections from u(3) which we then call allospace.
Lee, Jae-Kwang; Fujiwara, Takashige; Kofron, William G. [Department of Chemistry and Center for Laser and Optical Spectroscopy, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio 44325-3601 (United States); Zgierski, Marek Z.; Lim, Edward C. [Steacie Institute for Molecular Sciences, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa K1A 0R6 (Canada)
2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
Electronic absorption spectra of the low-lying {pi}{pi}* and {pi}{sigma}* states of several aminobenzonitriles and 4-dimethylaminobenzethyne have been studied by time-resolved transient absorption and time-dependent density functional theory calculation. In acetonitrile, the lifetime of the {pi}{sigma}*-state absorption is very short (picoseconds or subpicosecond) for molecules that exhibit intramolecular charge transfer (ICT), and very long (nanoseconds) for those that do not. Where direct comparison of the temporal characteristics of the {pi}{sigma}*-state and the ICT-state transients could be made, the formation rate of the ICT state is identical to the decay rate of the {pi}{sigma}* state within the experimental uncertainty. These results are consistent with the {pi}{sigma}*-mediated ICT mechanism, L{sub a} ({pi}{pi}*){yields}{pi}{sigma}*{yields}ICT, in which the decay rate of the {pi}{sigma}* state is determined by the rate of the solvent-controlled {pi}{sigma}*{yields}ICT charge-shift reaction. The {pi}{pi}*{yields}{pi}{sigma}* state crossing does not occur in 3-dimethylaminobenzonitrile or 2-dimethylaminobenzonitrile, as predicted by the calculation, and 4-aminobenzonitrile and 4-dimethylaminobenzethyne does not exhibit the ICT reaction, consistent with the higher energy of the ICT state relative to the {pi}{sigma}* state.
The Poincare'-Lyapounov-Nekhoroshev theorem for involutory systems of vector fields
G. Gaeta
2006-03-05T23:59:59.000Z
We extend the Poincare'-Lyapounov-Nekhoroshev theorem from torus actions and invariant tori to general (non-abelian) involutory systems of vector fields and general invariant manifolds.
E-Print Network 3.0 - adenovirus vectors induce Sample Search...
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Cancers by Selective Replicative-Competent Adenovirus Combining with Endostatin Gene Qi Zhang,1 Mingming... as an antiangiogenic gene transfer vector to target new angio- genesis...
The $N-?$ Weak Axial-Vector Amplitude $C_{5}^a(0)$
Milton Dean Slaughter
1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
The weak $N-\\Delta$ axial-vector transition amplitude $$ - important in $N^{*}$ production processes in general and in isobar models describing $\
Couples Magnetic and Structural Transitions in High-Purity Dy and Gd5SbxGe4-x
Alexander S. Chernyshov
2006-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetic materials exhibiting magnetic phase transitions simultaneously with structural rearrangements of their crystal lattices hold a promise for numerous applications including magnetic refrigeration, magnetomechanical devices and sensors. We undertook a detailed study of a single crystal of dysprosium metal, which is a classical example of a system where magnetic and crystallographic sublattices can be either coupled or decoupled from one another. Magnetocaloric effect, magnetization, ac magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity of high purity single crystals of dysprosium have been investigated over broad temperature and magnetic field intervals with the magnetic field vector parallel to either the a- or c-axes of the crystal. Notable differences in the behavior of the physical properties when compared to Dy samples studied in the past have been observed between 110 K and 125 K, and between 178 K and {approx}210 K. A plausible mechanism based on the formation of antiferromagnetic clusters in the impure Dy has been suggested in order to explain the reduction of the magnetocaloric effect in the vicinity of the Neel point. Experimental and theoretical investigations of the influence of commensurability effects on the magnetic phase diagram and the value of the magnetocaloric effect have been conducted. The presence of newly found anomalies in the physical properties has been considered as evidence of previously unreported states of Dy. The refined magnetic phase diagram of dysprosium with the magnetic field vector parallel to the a-axis of a crystal has been constructed and discussed. The magnetic and crystallographic properties of Gd{sub 5}Sb{sub x}Ge{sub 4-x} pseudo-binary system were studied by x-ray diffraction (at room temperature), heat capacity, ac-magnetic susceptibility, and magnetization in the temperature interval 5-320 K in magnetic fields up to 100 kOe. The magnetic properties of three composition (x = 0.5, 1,2) were examined in detail. The Gd{sub 5}Sb{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} compound that adopts Tm{sub 5}Sb{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type of structure (space group is Cmca), shows a second order FM-PM transition at 200 K, whereas Gd{sub 5}Sb{sub x}Ge{sub 4-x} compounds for x = 0.5 and x = 1 (Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type of structure, space group is Pnma) exhibit first order phase transformations at 45 K and 37 K, respectively.
Mei, H; Yao, J M; Motoba, T
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a detailed formalism of the microscopic particle-rotor model for hypernuclear low-lying states based on a covariant density functional theory. In this method, the hypernuclear states are constructed by coupling a hyperon to low-lying states of the core nucleus, which are described by the generator coordinate method (GCM) with the particle number and angular momentum projections. We apply this method to study in detail the low-lying spectrum of $^{13}_{~\\Lambda}$C and $^{21}_{~\\Lambda}$Ne hypernuclei. We also briefly discuss the structure of $^{155}_{~~\\Lambda}$Sm as an example of heavy deformed hypernuclei. It is shown that the low-lying excitation spectrum with positive parity states of the hypernuclei, which are dominated by $\\Lambda$ hyperon in $s$-orbital coupled to the core states, are similar to that for the corresponding core states, while the electric quadrupole transition strength, $B(E2)$, from the 2$^+_1$ state to the ground state is reduced according to the mass number of the hypernucle...
Danforth, Bryan Nicholas
EMPLOYMENT FACTS: THE KEYSTONE XL PIPELINE Under the forest in northern Alberta, Canada lie being shipped to the US. The Keystone XL will be a 36-inch crude oil pipeline stretching nearly 2 PIPELINE TransCanada Corporation "Keystone has many benefits, including 20,000 high paying jobs
Magnetic monopole and the nature of the static magnetic field
Xiuqing Huang
2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the factuality of the hypothetical magnetic monopole and the nature of the static magnetic field. It is shown from many aspects that the concept of the massive magnetic monopoles clearly is physically untrue. We argue that the static magnetic field of a bar magnet, in fact, is the static electric field of the periodically quasi-one-dimensional electric-dipole superlattice, which can be well established in some transition metals with the localized d-electron. This research may shed light on the perfect unification of magnetic and electrical phenomena.
Thomas Wiegelmann; Bernd Inhester; Bernhard Kliem; Gherardo Valori; Thomas Neukirch
2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
CONTEXT: As the coronal magnetic field can usually not be measured directly, it has to be extrapolated from photospheric measurements into the corona. AIMS: We test the quality of a non-linear force-free coronal magnetic field extrapolation code with the help of a known analytical solution. METHODS: The non-linear force-free equations are numerically solved with the help of an optimization principle. The method minimizes an integral over the force-free and solenoidal condition. As boundary condition we use either the magnetic field components on all six sides of the computational box in Case I or only on the bottom boundary in Case II. We check the quality of the reconstruction by computing how well force-freeness and divergence-freeness are fulfilled and by comparing the numerical solution with the analytical solution. The comparison is done with magnetic field line plots and several quantitative measures, like the vector correlation, Cauchy Schwarz, normalized vector error, mean vector error and magnetic energy. RESULTS: For Case I the reconstructed magnetic field shows good agreement with the original magnetic field topology, whereas in Case II there are considerable deviations from the exact solution. This is corroborated by the quantitative measures, which are significantly better for Case I. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the strong nonlinearity of the considered force-free equilibrium, the optimization method of extrapolation is able to reconstruct it; however, the quality of reconstruction depends significantly on the consistency of the input data, which is given only if the known solution is provided also at the lateral and top boundaries, and on the presence or absence of flux concentrations near the boundaries of the magnetogram.
Barclay, J.A.; Steyert, W.A.
1981-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method for refrigeration are disclosed which provides efficient refrigeration over temperature ranges in excess of 20/sup 0/C and which requires no maintenance and is, therefore, usable on an unmanned satellite. The apparatus comprises a superconducting magnet which may be solenoidal. A piston comprising a substance such as a rare earth substance which is maintained near its Curie temperature reciprocates through the bore of the solenoidal magnet. A magnetic drive rod is connected to the piston and appropriate heat sinks are connected thereto. The piston is driven by a suitable mechanical drive such as an electric motor and cam. In practicing the invention, the body of the piston is magnetized and demagnetized as it moves through the magnetic field of the solenoid to approximate any of the following cycles or a condition thereof as well as, potentially, other cycles: Brayton, Carnot, Ericsson, and Stirling. Advantages of the present invention include: that refrigeration can be accomplished over at least a 20/sup 0/C scale at superconducting temperatures as well as at more conventional temperatures; very high efficiency, high reliability, and small size. (LCL)
Reversible collisionless magnetic reconnection
Ishizawa, A.; Watanabe, T.-H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)] [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)
2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
Reversible magnetic reconnection is demonstrated for the first time by means of gyrokinetic numerical simulations of a collisionless magnetized plasma. Growth of a current-driven instability in a sheared magnetic field is accompanied by magnetic reconnection due to electron inertia effects. Following the instability growth, the collisionless reconnection is accelerated with development of a cross-shaped structure of current density, and then all field lines are reconnected. The fully reconnected state is followed by the secondary reconnection resulting in a weakly turbulent state. A time-reversed simulation starting from the turbulent state manifests that the collisionless reconnection process proceeds inversely leading to the initial state. During the reversed reconnection, the kinetic energy is reconverted into the original magnetic field energy. In order to understand the stability of reversed process, an external perturbation is added to the fully reconnected state, and it is found that the accelerated reconnection is reversible when the deviation of the E × B streamlines due to the perturbation is comparable with or smaller than a current layer width.
Aized, D.; Schwall, R.E.
1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
A superconducting magnetic coil includes a plurality of sections positioned axially along the longitudinal axis of the coil, each section being formed of an anisotropic high temperature superconductor material wound about a longitudinal axis of the coil and having an associated critical current value that is dependent on the orientation of the magnetic field of the coil. The cross section of the superconductor, or the type of superconductor material, at sections along the axial and radial axes of the coil are changed to provide an increased critical current at those regions where the magnetic field is oriented more perpendicularly to the conductor plane, to thereby increase the critical current at these regions and to maintain an overall higher critical current of the coil. 15 figs.
Aized, Dawood (Marlboro, MA); Schwall, Robert E. (Northborough, MA)
1999-06-22T23:59:59.000Z
A superconducting magnetic coil includes a plurality of sections positioned axially along the longitudinal axis of the coil, each section being formed of an anisotropic high temperature superconductor material wound about a longitudinal axis of the coil and having an associated critical current value that is dependent on the orientation of the magnetic field of the coil. The cross section of the superconductor, or the type of superconductor material, at sections along the axial and radial axes of the coil are changed to provide an increased critical current at those regions where the magnetic field is oriented more perpendicularly to the conductor plane, to thereby increase the critical current at these regions and to maintain an overall higher critical current of the coil.
The Hardy inequality and the heat equation with magnetic field in any dimension
Cristian Cazacu; David Krejcirik
2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z
In the Euclidean space of any dimension d, we consider the heat semigroup generated by the magnetic Schroedinger operator from which an inverse-square potential is subtracted in order to make the operator critical in the magnetic-free case. Assuming that the magnetic field is compactly supported, we show that the polynomial large-time behaviour of the heat semigroup is determined by the eigenvalue problem for a magnetic Schroedinger operator on the (d-1)-dimensional sphere whose vector potential reflects the behaviour of the magnetic field at the space infinity. From the spectral problem on the sphere, we deduce that in d=2 there is an improvement of the decay rate of the heat semigroup by a polynomial factor with power proportional to the distance of the total magnetic flux to the discrete set of flux quanta, while there is no extra polynomial decay rate in higher dimensions. To prove the results, we establish new magnetic Hardy-type inequalities for the Schroedinger operator and develop the method of self-similar variables and weighted Sobolev spaces for the associated heat equation.
Frustrated Magnetism in Low-Dimensional Lattices
Tovar, Mayra
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and C. Baines. Quantum magnetism in the paratacamite family:14] Stephen Blundell. Magnetism in Condensed Matter. OxfordElectrons and Quantum Magnetism. Graduate Texts in Con-
Superconducting Magnet Technology for Future Hadron Colliders
Scanlan, R.M.
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
I. Superconducting Magnet Technology for Future Hadl"On1994. M.N. Wilson, Superconducting Magnets (Clarendon Press,The application of superconducting magnets to large-scale
26 Tesla DC Magnet for Neutron Scattering
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Previously, DC Magnets located at Neutron-Scattering Beamlines were commercially-manufactured superconducting magnets and limited to 17 T. A few pulsed magnet systems have been...
Magnetic catalysis and inverse magnetic catalysis in QCD
Niklas Mueller; Jan M. Pawlowski
2015-02-27T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the effects of strong magnetic fields on the QCD phase structure at vanishing density by solving the gluon and quark gap equations, and by studying the dynamics of the quark scattering with the four-fermi coupling. The chiral crossover temperature as well as the chiral condensate are computed. For asymptotically large magnetic fields we find magnetic catalysis, while we find inverse magnetic catalysis for intermediate magnetic fields. Moreover, for large magnetic fields the chiral phase transition for massless quarks turns into a crossover. The underlying mechanisms are then investigated analytically within a few simplifications of the full numerical analysis. We find that a combination of gluon screening effects and the weakening of the strong coupling is responsible for the phenomenon of inverse catalysis. In turn, the magnetic catalysis at large magnetic field is already indicated by simple arguments based on dimensionality.
On the dynamics of magnetic fluids in magnetic resonance imaging
Cantillon-Murphy, Pádraig J
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The hydrodynamics of magnetic fluids, often termed ferrofluids, has been an active area of research since the mid 1960s. However, it is only in the past twenty years that these fluids have begun to be used in magnetic ...
Magnetic fluid flow phenomena in DC and rotating magnetic fields
Rhodes, Scott E. (Scott Edward), 1981-
2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
An investigation of magnetic fluid experiments and analysis is presented in three parts: a study of magnetic field induced torques in magnetorheological fluids, a characterization and quantitative measurement of properties ...
Magnetic nanowire based high resolution magnetic force microscope probes
Qin, Lu-Chang
-resolution magnetic force microscope probes using preformed magnetic nanowires. Nickel and cobalt nanowires produced by electrodeposition were directly assembled onto the tip of a commercial atomic force microscope cantilever
Magnetic Field Measurement System
Kulesza, Joe; Johnson, Eric; Lyndaker, Aaron; Deyhim, Alex; Waterman, Dave; Blomqvist, K. Ingvar [Advanced Design Consulting USA, 126 Ridge Road, P.O. Box 187, Lansing, NY 14882 (United States); Dunn, Jonathan Hunter [MAX-lab, SE-221 00 Lund (Sweden)
2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetic field measurement system was designed, built and installed at MAX Lab, Sweden for the purpose of characterizing the magnetic field produced by Insertion Devices (see Figure 1). The measurement system consists of a large granite beam roughly 2 feet square and 14 feet long that has been polished beyond laboratory grade for flatness and straightness. The granite precision coupled with the design of the carriage yielded minimum position deviations as measured at the probe tip. The Hall probe data collection and compensation technique allows exceptional resolution and range while taking data on the fly to programmable sample spacing. Additional flip coil provides field integral data.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2Workshops01ControllingControlsCool MagneticCool Magnetic
MagLab - Meet the Magnets: 45 Tesla Hybrid
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Features > Meet the Magnets Meet the Magnets Choose a Magnet 45 Tesla Hybrid 900 MHz NMR Magnet 25 Tesla Split Magnet 14.5 Tesla ICR Magnet 100 Tesla Multi-shot Magnet 600 MHz...
Magnetic nanoworms Systematic Surface Engineering of Magnetic Nanoworms
Bhatia, Sangeeta
Magnetic nanoworms Systematic Surface Engineering of Magnetic Nanoworms for in vivo Tumor Targeting and Engineering Program Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry University of California, San Diego 9500 Gilman magnetic materials nanoworms peptides tumor targeting 694 ß 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGa
Magnetic Coordinates for Systems with Imperfect Magnetic Surfaces
Dewar, Robert L.
Magnetic Coordinates for Systems with Imperfect Magnetic Surfaces R. L. Dewar and S. R. Hudson & Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra, A.C.T. 0200, Australia e-mail: robert-orbits, and the surfaces are formed from a continuous one-parameter family of such orbits. Magnetic field-line flow
Student Difficulties With Trigonometric Vector Components Persist In Multiple Student Populations
Heckler, Andrew F.
Student Difficulties With Trigonometric Vector Components Persist In Multiple Student Populations 43210 Abstract: Students in introductory physics courses sometimes struggle to correctly break down, and a coordinate system. Students struggle further when asked to break down a vector in an inclined coordinate
Accelerating SSL using the Vector processors in IBM's Cell Broadband Engine
Accelerating SSL using the Vector processors in IBM's Cell Broadband Engine for Sony's Playstation and performance gains when using the vector processing capabilities for SSL and shows that big improve- ments are still possible with the hardware designed primarily for other purposes. 1 Why SSL? Despite huge gains
FREE DIVISORS IN PREHOMOGENEOUS VECTOR SPACES MICHEL GRANGER, DAVID MOND, AND MATHIAS SCHULZE
Schulze, Mathias
FREE DIVISORS IN PREHOMOGENEOUS VECTOR SPACES MICHEL GRANGER, DAVID MOND, AND MATHIAS SCHULZE Abstract. We study linear free divisors, that is, free divisors arising as dis- criminants of the prehomogeneous vector spaces containing such linear free divisors. For reductive linear free divisors, we prove
Comets: A Fast, Intuitive, 3D Vector Glyph Alejandro Aceves-Gaona and Robert R. Lewis
Lewis, Robert R.
State University School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science e-mail: {aaceves, bobl}@tricity.wsu.edu Abstract We present a new glyph called a "comet" to represent vectors. Comets improve the accuracy an ambiguity possible with conventional vector glyphs. By using a hue-lightness-saturation (HLS) color space
Exclusive search for Higgs boson to gamma-gamma decay via vector boson fusion production mechanism
Rankin, Dylan Sheldon
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We perform an exclusive search for the Higgs boson to gamma-gamma decay via vector boson fusion. We utilize the characteristic features of vector boson fusion, such as the di-jet [Delta][eta] and mass, as well as the ...
Second-and third-harmonic generation with vector Gaussian beams
Teich, Malvin C.
Second- and third-harmonic generation with vector Gaussian beams Silvia Carrasco Department-harmonic generation (THG) in a nonlinear optical crystal illuminated by a vector Gaussian beam, i.e., a Gaussian beam phase shift of the transverse component and vanishes at points on the beam axis. Harmonic generation
Simulation Vector Generation from HDL Descriptions for ObservabilityEnhanced Statement Coverage
Devadas, Srinivas
generated. For vector generation, we proposea novel technique to set up constraints basedon the choÂ sen generation, and the size of the generated vecÂ tor set. However, the most important step here is to helpSimulation Vector Generation from HDL Descriptions for ObservabilityÂEnhanced Statement Coverage
A Polynomial-Time Nuclear Vector Replacement Algorithm for Automated NMR Resonance Assignments
Lilien, Ryan
A Polynomial-Time Nuclear Vector Replacement Algorithm for Automated NMR Resonance Assignments and refinement. A new algorithm, called Nuclear Vector Replacement (NVR) is introduced to compute assignments be acquired in a fraction of the time needed to record the traditional suite of ex- periments used to perform
Rajpoot, Nasir
Wavelets and Support Vector Machines for Texture Classification Kashif Mahmood Rajpoot Nasir@dcs.warwick.ac.uk Abstract We present a novel texture classification algorithm using 2-D discrete wavelet transform (DWT, and a local energy function is computed corresponding to each pixel of the feature images. This feature vector
Malaria in Africa: Vector Species' Niche Models and Relative Risk Maps
Sarkar, Sahotra
variable anthrophilicity of vectors and spatial variation in human population density. Relative risk maps are produced from these models. All models predict that human population density is the critical factorMalaria in Africa: Vector Species' Niche Models and Relative Risk Maps Alexander Moffett, Nancy
Detecting Selective Forwarding Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks using Support Vector Machines
Shilton, Alistair
concerning energy . In this article, we propose a centralized intrusion detection scheme based on SupportDetecting Selective Forwarding Attacks in Wireless Sensor Networks using Support Vector Machines Vector Machines (SVMs) and sliding windows. We find that our system can detect black hole attacks
Using Bit-Vector Decision Procedures for Analysis of Protein Folding Pathways
Langmead, Christopher James
Using Bit-Vector Decision Procedures for Analysis of Protein Folding Pathways Christopher James-vector decision procedures for the analysis of protein folding pathways. We argue that the protein fold- ing by the different nature of the protein folding problem, we present a translation of the protein folding pathways
Artistic Resizing: A Technique for Rich Scale-Sensitive Vector Graphics Pierre Dragicevic
Artistic Resizing: A Technique for Rich Scale-Sensitive Vector Graphics Pierre Dragicevic, vector graphics with non-uniform resizing: the 2nd and 4th variants have been drawn in Illustrator is given more and more importance in graphical user interfaces. This points out the need for new methods
Andrew Chubykalo; Augusto Espinoza; Rumen Tzonchev
2005-03-24T23:59:59.000Z
It is shown that the generally accepted definition of the Poynting vector and the energy flux vector defined by means of the energy density of the electromagnetic field (Umov vector) lead to the prediction of the different results touching electromagnetic energy flux. The experiment shows that within the framework of the mentioned generally accepted definitions the Poynting vector adequately describes the electromagnetic energy flux unlike the Umov vector. Therefore one can conclude that a generally accepted definitions of the electromagnetic energy density and the Poynting vector, in general, are not always compatible.
An Electron Fixed Target Experiment to Search for a New Vector Boson A' Decaying to e+e-
Essig, Rouven; Schuster, Philip; /SLAC; Toro, Natalia; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Wojtsekhowski, Bogdan; /Jefferson Lab; ,
2010-06-11T23:59:59.000Z
We describe an experiment to search for a new vector boson A' with weak coupling {alpha}' {approx}> 6 x 10{sup -8} {alpha} to electrons ({alpha} = e{sup 2}/4{pi}) in the mass range 65 MeV < m{sub A'} < 550 MeV. New vector bosons with such small couplings arise naturally from a small kinetic mixing of the 'dark photon' A' with the photon - one of the very few ways in which new forces can couple to the Standard Model - and have received considerable attention as an explanation of various dark matter related anomalies. A' bosons are produced by radiation off an electron beam, and could appear as narrow resonances with small production cross-section in the trident e{sup +}e{sup -} spectrum. We summarize the experimental approach described in a proposal submitted to Jefferson Laboratory's PAC35, PR-10-009. This experiment, the A' Experiment (APEX), uses the electron beam of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility at Jefferson Laboratory (CEBAF) at energies of {approx} 1-4 GeV incident on 0.5-10% radiation length Tungsten wire mesh targets, and measures the resulting e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs to search for the A' using the High Resolution Spectrometer and the septum magnet in Hall A. With a {approx} 1 month run, APEX will achieve very good sensitivity because the statistics of e{sup +}e{sup -} pairs will be {approx} 10,000 times larger in the explored mass range than any previous search for the A' boson. These statistics and the excellent mass resolution of the spectrometers allow sensitivity to {alpha}'/{alpha} one to three orders of magnitude below current limits, in a region of parameter space of great theoretical and phenomenological interest. Similar experiments could also be performed at other facilities, such as the Mainz Microtron.
Filippov, Boris; Srivastava, Abhishek K; Uddin, Wahab
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The most probable initial magnetic configuration of a CME is a flux rope consisting of twisted field lines which fill the whole volume of a dark coronal cavity. The flux ropes can be in stable equilibrium in the coronal magnetic field for weeks and even months, but suddenly they loose their stability and erupt with high speed. Their transition to the unstable phase depends on the parameters of the flux rope (i.e., total electric current, twist, mass loading etc.), as well as on the properties of the ambient coronal magnetic field. One of the major governing factors is the vertical gradient of the coronal magnetic field which is estimated as decay index (n). Cold dense prominence material can be collected in the lower parts of the helical flux tubes. Filaments are therefore good tracers of the flux ropes in the corona, which become visible long before the beginning of the eruption. The perspectives of the filament eruptions and following CMEs can be estimated by the comparison of observed filament heights with...
Kirol, L.D.
1987-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
A rotary magnetic heat pump constructed without flow seals or segmented rotor accomplishes recuperation and regeneration by using split flow paths. Heat exchange fluid pumped through heat exchangers and returned to the heat pump splits into two flow components: one flowing counter to the rotor rotation and one flowing with the rotation. 5 figs.
Superconducting Magnet Division
Gupta, Ramesh
in the 400 kW end of RIA's Fragment Separator are subjected to several orders of magnitude more radiation an order of magnitude as compared to that for present superconducting accelerator magnets. An OPERA3d model://www.phy.anl.gov/ria/ http://www.orau.org/ria/ Figure: On this chart of the nuclides, black squares represent stable nuclei
G. Giacomelli; L. Patrizii
2005-06-07T23:59:59.000Z
In these lecture notes we discuss the status of the searches for classical Dirac Magnetic Monopoles (MMs) at accelerators, for GUT superheavy MMs in the penetrating cosmic radiation and for Intermediate Mass MMs. Also the searches for nuclearites and Q-balls are considered.
Optically Enhanced Magnetic Resonance
Suter, Dieter
, like spatial structures or molecular dynamics. While the direct excitation of nuclear spin transitions.1 Motivation The physical mechanism of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, the excitation of transitions light for polarizing the spin system or for observing its dynamics. This possibility arises from
Jackson, Jasper A. (Los Alamos, NM); Cooper, Richard K. (Los Alamos, NM)
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Means for producing a region of homogeneous magnetic field remote from the source of the field, wherein two equal field sources are arranged axially so their fields oppose, producing a region near the plane perpendicular to the axis midway between the sources where the radial component of the field goes through a maximum. Near the maximum, the field is homogeneous over prescribed regions.
Kirol, Lance D. (Shelly, ID)
1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A rotary magnetic heat pump constructed without flow seals or segmented rotor accomplishes recuperation and regeneration by using split flow paths. Heat exchange fluid pumped through heat exchangers and returned to the heat pump splits into two flow components: one flowing counter to the rotor rotation and one flowing with the rotation.
Vector Calculus in Non-Integer Dimensional Space and its Applications to Fractal Media
Vasily E. Tarasov
2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
We suggest a generalization of vector calculus for the case of non-integer dimensional space. The first and second orders operations such as gradient, divergence, the scalar and vector Laplace operators for non-integer dimensional space are defined. For simplification we consider scalar and vector fields that are independent of angles. We formulate a generalization of vector calculus for rotationally covariant scalar and vector functions. This generalization allows us to describe fractal media and materials in the framework of continuum models with non-integer dimensional space. As examples of application of the suggested calculus, we consider elasticity of fractal materials (fractal hollow ball and fractal cylindrical pipe with pressure inside and outside), steady distribution of heat in fractal media, electric field of fractal charged cylinder. We solve the correspondent equations for non-integer dimensional space models.
Ames Lab 101: Magnetic Refrigeration
Pecharsky, Vitalij
2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
Vitalij Pecharsky, distinguished professor of materials science and engineering, discusses his research in magnetic refrigeration at Ames Lab.
MO. REV. MO. MAGNETIC CLEANLINESS GUIDELINES
Rathbun, Julie A.
in the ALSEP Systems Engineering Magnetic Cleanliness File. #12;NO. REV. NO. ATM-865 MAGNETIC CLEANLINESS Engineering Magnetic Cleanliness File. #12;MO. REV. MO. ATM-865 MAGNETIC CLEANLINESS GUIDELINES PAGE 1 Of 3 DATE 4/6/70 The purpose
Magnetic reconnection launcher
Cowan, M.
1987-04-06T23:59:59.000Z
An electromagnetic launcher includes a plurality of electrical stages which are energized sequentially in the launcher with the passage of a projectiles. Each stage of the launcher includes two or more coils which are arranged coaxially on either closed-loop or straight lines to form gaps between their ends. The projectile has an electrically conductive gap-portion that passes through all the gaps of all the stages in a direction transverse to the axes of the coils. The coils receive an electric current, store magnetic energy, and convert a significant portion of the stored magnetic energy into kinetic energy of the projectile moves through the gap. The magnetic polarity of the opposing coils is in the same direction, e.g. N-S-N-S. A gap portion of the projectile may be made from aluminum and is propelled by the reconnection of magnetic flux stored in the coils which causes accelerating forces to act upon the projectile and at the horizontal surfaces of the projectile near its rear. The gap portion of the projectile may be flat, rectangular and longer than the length of the opposing coils. The gap portion of the projectile permits substantially unrestricted distribution of the induced currents so that current densities are only high where the useful magnetic force is high. This allows designs which permit ohmic oblation from the rear surfaces of the gap portion of the projectile allowing much high velocities to be achieved. An electric power apparatus controls the electric power supplied to the opposing coils until the gap portion of the projectile substantially occupies the gap between the coils, at which time the coils are supplied with peak current quickly. 8 figs.
Mao, S. A. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, P.O. Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); McClure-Griffiths, N. M.; McConnell, D. [Australia Telescope National Facility, CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Gaensler, B. M. [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Haverkorn, M. [Department of Astrophysics, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9010, 6500-GL Nijmegen (Netherlands); Beck, R. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Wolleben, M. [Square Kilometre Array South Africa, The Park, Pinelands 7405 (South Africa); Stanimirovic, S. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Dickey, J. M. [Physics Department, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS 7001 (Australia); Staveley-Smith, L., E-mail: mao@astro.wisc.edu [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a study of the magnetic field of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), carried out using diffuse polarized synchrotron emission data at 1.4 GHz acquired at the Parkes Radio Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array. The observed diffuse polarized emission is likely to originate above the LMC disk on the near side of the galaxy. Consistent negative rotation measures (RMs) derived from the diffuse emission indicate that the line-of-sight magnetic field in the LMC's near-side halo is directed coherently away from us. In combination with RMs of extragalactic sources that lie behind the galaxy, we show that the LMC's large-scale magnetic field is likely to be of quadrupolar geometry, consistent with the prediction of dynamo theory. On smaller scales, we identify two brightly polarized filaments southeast of the LMC, associated with neutral hydrogen arms. The filaments' magnetic field potentially aligns with the direction toward the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). We suggest that tidal interactions between the SMC and the LMC in the past 10{sup 9} years are likely to have shaped the magnetic field in these filaments.
Low-temperature magnetic refrigerator
Barclay, J.A.
1983-05-26T23:59:59.000Z
The invention relates to magnetic refrigeration and more particularly to low temperature refrigeration between about 4 and about 20 K, with an apparatus and method utilizing a belt of magnetic material passed in and out of a magnetic field with heat exchangers within and outside the field operably disposed to accomplish refrigeration.
Superconducting pipes and levitating magnets
Yan Levin; Felipe B. Rizzato
2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by a beautiful demonstration of the Faraday's and Lenz's law in which a small neodymium magnet falls slowly through a conducting non-ferromagnetic tube, we consider the dynamics of a magnet falling through a superconducting pipe. Unlike the case of normal conducting pipes, in which the magnet quickly reaches the terminal velocity, inside a superconducting tube the magnet falls freely. On the other hand, to enter the pipe the magnet must overcome a large electromagnetic energy barrier. For sufficiently strong magnets, the barrier is so large that the magnet will not be able to penetrate it and will be suspended over the front edge. We calculate the work that must done to force the magnet to enter a superconducting tube. The calculations show that superconducting pipes are very efficient at screening magnetic fields. For example, the magnetic field of a dipole at the center of a short pipe of radius $a$ and length $L \\approx a$ decays, in the axial direction, with a characteristic length $\\xi \\approx 0.26 a$. The efficient screening of the magnetic field might be useful for shielding highly sensitive superconducting quantum interference devices, SQUIDs. Finally, the motion of the magnet through a superconducting pipe is compared and contrasted to the flow of ions through a trans-membrane channel.
LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM
Minnesota, University of
LABORATORY VI ELECTRICITY FROM MAGNETISM Lab VI - 1 In the previous problems you explored the magnetic field and its effect on moving charges. You also saw how electric currents could create magnetic can give rise to electric currents. This is the effect that allows the generation of electricity
Future Directions for Magnetic Sensors
and Engineering Laboratory Magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) sensors are rapidly becoming the technology of choiceFuture Directions for Magnetic Sensors: HYBRIDMATERIALS Our goal is to develop the scientific expertise needed to allow modeling and simulation to become the driving force in improving magnetic sensors
Jeremy S. Heyl; Don Lloyd; Nir J. Shaviv
2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the presence of strong magnetic fields, the vacuum becomes a birefringent medium. We show that this QED effect couples the direction of the polarization of photons leaving the NS surface, to the direction of the magnetic field along the ray's path. We analyze the consequences that this effect has on aligning the polarization vectors to generate large net polarizations, while considering thermal radiation originating from a thermal hydrogen atmosphere. Counter to previous predictions, we show that the thermal radiation should be highly polarized even in the optical. When detected, this polarization will be the first demonstration of vacuum birefringence. It could be used as a tool to prove the high magnetic field nature of AXPs and it could also be used to constrain physical NS parameters, such as $R/M$, to which the net polarization is sensitive.
A Study of Liquid Metal Film Flow, Under Fusion Relevant Magnetic Fields
Narula, M.; Ying, A.; Abdou, M.A. [UCLA (United States)
2005-04-15T23:59:59.000Z
The use of flowing liquid metal streams or 'liquid walls' as a plasma contact surface is a very attractive option and has received considerable attention over the past several years both in the plasma physics and fusion engineering programs. A key issue for the feasibility of flowing liquid metal plasma facing component (PFC) systems, lies in their magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) behavior. The spatially varying magnetic field environment, typical of a fusion device can lead to serious flow disrupting MHD forces that hinder the development of a smooth and controllable flow needed for PFC applications. The present study builds up on the ongoing research effort at UCLA, directed towards providing qualitative and quantitative data on liquid metal free surface flow behavior under fusion relevant magnetic fields, to aid in better understanding of flowing liquid metal PFC systems.
Sparse matrix-vector multiplication on a reconfigurable supercomputer
Dubois, David H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dubois, Andrew J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Boorman, Thomas M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Connor, Carolyn M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Poole, Steve [ORNL
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Double precision floating point Sparse Matrix-Vector Multiplication (SMVM) is a critical computational kernel used in iterative solvers for systems of sparse linear equations. The poor data locality exhibited by sparse matrices along with the high memory bandwidth requirements of SMVM result in poor performance on general purpose processors. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) offer a possible alternative with their customizable and application-targeted memory sub-system and processing elements. In this work we investigate two separate implementations of the SMVM on an SRC-6 MAPStation workstation. The first implementation investigates the peak performance capability, while the second implementation balances the amount of instantiated logic with the available sustained bandwidth of the FPGA subsystem. Both implementations yield the same sustained performance with the second producing a much more efficient solution. The metrics of processor and application balance are introduced to help provide some insight into the efficiencies of the FPGA and CPU based solutions explicitly showing the tight coupling of the available bandwidth to peak floating point performance. Due to the FPGA's ability to balance the amount of implemented logic to the available memory bandwidth it can provide a much more efficient solution. Finally, making use of the lessons learned implementing the SMVM, we present an fully implemented nonpreconditioned Conjugate Gradient Algorithm utilizing the second SMVM design.
Vector network analyzer check standards measurements and database software
Duda, L.E.
1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Vector network analyzers provide a convenient way to measure scattering parameters of a variety of microwave devices. However, these instruments, unlike oscilloscopes, require a high degree of user knowledge and expertise. Measurement calibration or error correction must be done prior to use. There are many ways to make poor measurement or measurement. Check standards have been used to verify that the network analyzer is operating properly. A computer program was developed to automatically measure a check standard and compare the new measurements with an historical database of measurements of the check standard device. The program can acquire new measurement data from selected check standards, plot the new data against the mean and standard deviation of prior data for the check standard, and update the database files for the check standard. This paper describes the function of the software including a discussion of its capabilities. The way in which the software is used in our lab is also described. Finally, examples are given of how the software can detect potential measurement problems.
Strange vector form factors from parity-violating electron scattering
Kent Paschke, Anthony Thomas, Robert Michaels, David Armstrong
2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
The simplest models might describe the nucleon as 3 light quarks, but this description would be incomplete without inclusion of the sea of glue and qbar q pairs which binds it. Early indications of a particularly large contribution from strange quarks in this sea to the spin and mass of the nucleon motivated an experimental program examining the role of these strange quarks in the nucleon vector form factors. The strangeness form factors can be extracted from the well-studied electromagnetic structure of the nucleon using parity-violation in electron-nuclear scattering to isolate the effect of the weak interaction. With high luminosity and polarization, and a very stable beam due to its superconducting RF cavities, CEBAF at Jefferson Lab is a precision instrument uniquely well suited to the challenge of measurements of the small parity-violating asymmetries. The techniques and results of the two major Jefferson Lab experimental efforts in parity-violation studies, HAPPEX and G0, as well as efforts to describe the strange form factors in QCD, will be reviewed.
Generation of vector beams with liquid crystal disclination lines
Miha ?an?ula; Miha Ravnik; Slobodan Žumer
2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z
We report that guiding light beams, ranging from continuous beams to femtosecond pulses, along liquid crystal defect lines can transform them into vector beams with various polarization profiles. Using Finite Difference Time Domain numerical solving of Maxwell equations, we confirm that the defect in the orientational order of the liquid crystal induces a defect in the light field with twice the winding number of the liquid crystal defect, coupling the topological invariants of both fields. For example, it is possible to transform uniformly-polarized light into light with a radial polarization profile. Our approach also correctly yields a zero-intensity region near the defect core, which is always present in areas of discontinuous light polarization or phase. Using circularly polarized incident light, we show that defects with non-integer winding numbers can be obtained, where topological constants are preserved by phase vortices, demonstrating coupling between the light's spin, orbital angular momentum and polarization profile. Further, we find an ultrafast femtosecond laser pulse travelling along a defect line splits into multiple intensity regions, again depending on the defect's winding number, allowing applications in beam steering and filtering. Finally, our approach describing generation of complex optical fields via coupling with topological defect lines in optically birefringent nematic fluids can be easily extended to high-intensity beams that affect nematic ordering.
Measurements of Vector Bosons Produced in Association with Jets
Cooper, Ben; /University Coll. London
2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
The latest D0 and CDF measurements of the W + jets and Z/{gamma}* + jets processes are described, along with a discussion of the comparisons that have been made to LO and NLO perturbative QCD predictions. The direct production of W{sup {+-}}/Z bosons in association with jets is a process of crucial importance at hadron collider experiments. The presence of a vector boson in the hard scatter means that these interactions occur at a scale that should make perturbative QCD applicable, and thus it is an excellent channel to test such predictions. Furthermore, many of the potential discovery channels for the Higgs boson and beyond standard model processes share a final state signature with the W{sup {+-}}/Z + jets process. It is thus vital for the success of existing and future hadron collider experiments that this process is understood, and recently there has been a huge amount of work put into the modeling of this process, with the appearance of many new Monte Carlo generators that are already widely used at both the Tevatron and LHC. In Sections 2 and 3 the latest W + jets and Z/{gamma}* + jets measurements from the Tevatron are presented, and in Section 4 we discuss the results and implications of some of the theory comparisons that have thus far been made.
J. R. Herrnstein; J. M. Moran; L. J. Greenhill; E. G. Blackman; P. J. Diamond
1998-05-08T23:59:59.000Z
We report VLA 1 sigma upper limits of 1.5% and 3% on the intrinsic circular and linear fractional polarizations, respectively, of the water vapor maser emission 0.2 pc from the central engine of NGC 4258. A corresponding 0.5% upper limit on any Zeeman-splitting-induced circular polarization translates to a 1 sigma upper limit on the parallel, or toroidal, component of the magnetic field of 300 mG. Assuming magnetic and thermal pressure balance in the disk, this magnetic field upper limit corresponds to a model-dependent estimate of the accretion rate through the molecular disk of 10^-1.9 alpha solar masses per year for the case where the magnetic field lies along the line of sight.
Magnetic Edge States in Graphene
Gabriela Murguia
2010-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
Magnetic confinement in graphene has been of recent and growing interest because its potential applications in nanotechnology. In particular, the observation of the so called magnetic edge states in graphene has opened the possibility to deepen into the generation of spin currents and its applications in spintronics. We study the magnetic edge states of quasi-particles arising in graphene monolayers due to an inhomogeneous magnetic field of a magnetic barrier in the formalism of the two-dimensional massless Dirac equation. We also show how the solutions of such states in each of both triangular sublattices of the graphene are related through a supersymmetric transformation in the quantum mechanical sense.
Hypersonic drift-tearing magnetic islands in tokamak plasmas
Fitzpatrick, R.; Waelbroeck, F. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)
2007-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
A two-fluid theory of long wavelength, hypersonic, drift-tearing magnetic islands in low-collisionality, low-{beta} plasmas possessing relatively weak magnetic shear is developed. The model assumes both slab geometry and cold ions, and neglects electron temperature and equilibrium current gradient effects. The problem is solved in three asymptotically matched regions. The 'inner region' contains the island. However, the island emits electrostatic drift-acoustic waves that propagate into the surrounding 'intermediate region', where they are absorbed by the plasma. Since the waves carry momentum, the inner region exerts a net force on the intermediate region, and vice versa, giving rise to strong velocity shear in the region immediately surrounding the island. The intermediate region is matched to the surrounding 'outer region', in which ideal magnetohydrodynamic holds. Isolated hypersonic islands propagate with a velocity that lies between those of the unperturbed local ion and electron fluids, but is much closer to the latter. The ion polarization current is stabilizing, and increases with increasing island width. Finally, the hypersonic branch of isolated island solutions ceases to exist above a certain critical island width. Hypersonic islands whose widths exceed the critical width are hypothesized to bifurcate to the so-called 'sonic' solution branch.
Popovych, Roman
. Theorem 1. Any operator Q = tt + xx + + from the maximal Lie invariance algebra Amax(V ) of equation (1 + x Vx + t tV = 0. (3) #12;220 R.O. Popovych, N.M. Ivanova and H. Eshraghi Note 1. The linear span fields. Since for any Q A where (t, x) = (0, 0) we can find V satisfying condition (3) then A = V Amax
Tang, Lixin [ORNL] [ORNL; Su, Gui-Jia [ORNL] [ORNL
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper describes a novel speed control scheme to operate a current source inverter (CSI) driven surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous machine (SPMSM) for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) applications. The idea is to use the angle of the current vector to regulate the rotor speed while keeping the two dc-dc converter power switches on all the time to boost system efficiency. The effectiveness of the proposed scheme was verified with a 3 kW CSI-SPMSM drive prototype.
Fast superconducting magnetic field switch
Goren, Yehuda (Mountain View, CA); Mahale, Narayan K. (The Woodlands, TX)
1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The superconducting magnetic switch or fast kicker magnet is employed with electron stream or a bunch of electrons to rapidly change the direction of flow of the electron stream or bunch of electrons. The apparatus employs a beam tube which is coated with a film of superconducting material. The tube is cooled to a temperature below the superconducting transition temperature and is subjected to a constant magnetic field which is produced by an external dc magnet. The magnetic field produced by the dc magnet is less than the critical field for the superconducting material, thus, creating a Meissner Effect condition. A controllable fast electromagnet is used to provide a magnetic field which supplements that of the dc magnet so that when the fast magnet is energized the combined magnetic field is now greater that the critical field and the superconducting material returns to its normal state allowing the magnetic field to penetrate the tube. This produces an internal field which effects the direction of motion and of the electron stream or electron bunch. The switch can also operate as a switching mechanism for charged particles.
Mercurio, Kevin Michael
A Search for the Higgs Boson Produced in Association with a Vector Boson Using the ATLAS Detector at the LHC
Resume of definitions of "tangent vector" Let M be a manifold, m M, and X = (X1
Feldman, Joel
ResumÂ´e of definitions of "tangent vector" Let M be a manifold, m M, and X = (X1 , Â· Â· Â·Xd ) : U Joel Feldman. 2008. All rights reserved. September 30, 2008 ResumÂ´e of definitions of "tangent vector rights reserved. September 30, 2008 ResumÂ´e of definitions of "tangent vector" 2 #12;
Fusion rules and singular vectors of the osp(1|2) current algebra
I. P. Ennes; A. V. Ramallo
1997-04-08T23:59:59.000Z
The fusion of Verma modules of the osp(1|2) current algebra is studied. In the framework of an isotopic formalism, the singular vector decoupling conditions are analyzed. The fusion rules corresponding to the admissible representations of the osp(1|2) algebra are determined. A relation between the characters of these last representations and those corresponding to the minimal superconformal models is found. A series of equations that relate the descendants of the highest weight vectors resulting from a fusion of Verma modules are obtained. Solving these equations the singular vectors of the theory can be determined.
Effects of (N)over-Barn Polarization on Vector-Meson Masses at Finite-Temperature
Song, C. S.; Xia, P. W.; Ko, Che Ming.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
PHYSICAL REVIEW C VOLUME 52, NUMBER 1 JULY 1995 EfFects of N? polarization on vector meson masses at finite temperature Chungsik Song, P. W. Xia, and C. M. Ko Cyclotron Institute and Department of Physics, Texas ASM University, College Station... are not distinguishable in this limit, we have E = G. The effective mass of a vector meson in a medium is then determined &om the equation 0556-2813/95/52(1)/408(4)/$06. 00 52 408 1995 The American Physical Society EFFECTS OF XN POLARIZATION ON VECTOR MESON...
Using Bit-Vector Decision Procedures for Analysis of Protein Folding Pathways
Christopher James Langmead; Sumit Kumar Jha
Abstract. We explore the use of bit-vector decision procedures for the analysis of protein folding pathways. We argue that the protein folding problem is not identical to the classical probabilistic model checking problem in verification. Motivated by the different nature of the protein folding problem, we present a translation of the protein folding pathways analysis problem into a bounded model checking framework with bit vector decision procedures. We also present initial results of our experiments using the UCLID bit-vector decision procedure. 1
ON THE FORCE-FREE NATURE OF PHOTOSPHERIC SUNSPOT MAGNETIC FIELDS AS OBSERVED FROM HINODE (SOT/SP)
Tiwari, Sanjiv Kumar, E-mail: tiwari@mps.mpg.de [Udaipur Solar Observatory, Physical Research Laboratory, Dewali, Bari Road, Udaipur 313 001 (India)
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A magnetic field is force-free if there is no interaction between it and the plasma in the surrounding atmosphere, i.e., electric currents are aligned with the magnetic field, giving rise to zero Lorentz force. The computation of various magnetic parameters, such as magnetic energy (using the virial theorem), gradient of twist of sunspot magnetic fields (computed from the force-free parameter {alpha}), and any kind of extrapolation, heavily hinges on the force-free approximation of the photospheric sunspot magnetic fields. Thus, it is of vital importance to inspect the force-free behavior of sunspot magnetic fields. The force-free nature of sunspot magnetic fields has been examined earlier by some researchers, ending with incoherent results. Accurate photospheric vector field measurements with high spatial resolution are required to inspect the force-free nature of sunspots. For this purpose, we use several vector magnetograms of high spatial resolution obtained from the Solar Optical Telescope/Spectro-Polarimeter on board Hinode. Both the necessary and sufficient conditions for force-free nature are examined by checking the global and local nature of equilibrium magnetic forces over sunspots. We find that sunspot magnetic fields are not very far from the force-free configuration, although they are not completely force-free on the photosphere. The umbral and inner penumbral fields are more force-free than the middle and outer penumbral fields. During their evolution, sunspot magnetic fields are found to maintain their proximity to force-free field behavior. Although a dependence of net Lorentz force components is seen on the evolutionary stages of the sunspots, we do not find a systematic relationship between the nature of sunspot magnetic fields and the associated flare activity. Further, we examine whether the fields at the photosphere follow linear or nonlinear force-free conditions. After examining this in various complex and simple sunspots, we conclude that, in either case, photospheric sunspot magnetic fields are closer to satisfying the nonlinear force-free field approximation.
A vectorized heat transfer model for solid reactor cores
Rider, W.J.; Cappiello, M.W.; Liles, D.R.
1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The new generation of nuclear reactors includes designs that are significantly different from light water reactors. Among these new reactor designs is the Modular High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR). In addition, nuclear thermal rockets share a number of similarities with terrestrial HTGRs and would be amenable to similar types of analyses. In these reactors, the heat transfer in the solid core mass is of primary interest in design and safety assessment. One significant safety feature of these reactors is the capability to withstand a loss of pressure and forced cooling in the primary system and still maintain peak fuel temperatures below the safe threshold for retaining the fission products. To accurately assess the performance of gas-cooled reactors during these types of transients, a Helium/Hydrogen Cooled Reactor Analysis (HERA) computer code has been developed. HERA has the ability to model arbitrary geometries in three dimensions, which allows the user to easily analyze reactor cores constructed of prismatic graphite elements. The code accounts for heat generation in the fuel, control rods and other structures; conduction and radiation across gaps; convection to the coolant; and a variety of boundary conditions. The numerical solution scheme has been optimized for vector computers, making long transient analyses economical. Time integration is either explicit or implicit, which allows the use of the model to accurately calculate both short- or long-term transients with an efficient use of computer time. Both the basic spatial and temporal integration schemes have been benchmarked against analytical solutions. Also, HERA has been used to analyze a depressurized loss of forced cooling transient in a HTGR with a very detailed three-dimensional input model. The results compare favorably with other means of analysis and provide further validation of the models and methods. 18 refs., 11 figs.
Apparatus and method for continuous separation of magnetic particles from non-magnetic fluids
Oder, Robin R. (Export, PA); Jamison, Russell E. (Burrell, PA)
2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z
An apparatus and method for continuous separation of magnetic particles from non-magnetic fluids including particular rods, magnetic fields and flow arrangements.
Phonon spectrum of QCD vacuum in magnetic-field-induced superconducting phase
M. N. Chernodub; Jos Van Doorsselaere; Henri Verschelde
2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z
In the background of a sufficiently strong magnetic field the vacuum was suggested to become an ideal electric conductor (highly anisotropic superconductor) due to an interplay between the strong and electromagnetic forces. The superconducting ground state resembles an Abrikosov lattice state in an ordinary type--II superconductor: it is an inhomogeneous structure made of a (charged vector) quark-antiquark condensate pierced by vortices. In this paper the acoustic (phonon) vibrational modes of the vortex lattice are studied at zero temperature. Using an effective model based on a vector meson dominance, we show that in the infrared limit the longitudinal (transverse) acoustic vibrations of the vortex lattice possess a linear (quadratic) dispersion relation corresponding to type I (type II) Nambu--Goldstone modes.
Manipulating microwaves with magnetic-dipolar-mode vortices
Kamenetskii, E. O.; Sigalov, M.; Shavit, R. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, IL-84 105 Beer Sheva (Israel)
2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
There has been a surge of interest in the subwavelength confinement of electromagnetic fields. It is well known that, in optics, subwavelength confinement can be obtained from surface plasmon (quasielectrostatic) oscillations. In this article, we propose to realize subwavelength confinement in microwaves by using dipolar-mode (quasimagnetostatic) magnon oscillations in ferrite particles. Our studies of interactions between microwave electromagnetic fields and small ferrite particles with magnetic-dipolar-mode (MDM) oscillations show strong localization of electromagnetic energy. MDM oscillations in a ferrite disk are at the origin of topological singularities resulting in Poynting vector vortices and symmetry breakings of the microwave near fields. We show that new subwavelength microwave structures can be realized based on a system of interacting MDM ferrite disks. Wave propagation of electromagnetic signals in such structures is characterized by topological phase variations. Interactions of microwave fields with an MDM ferrite disk and MDM-disk arrays open a perspective for creating engineered electromagnetic fields with unique symmetry properties.
Large-amplitude circularly polarized electromagnetic waves in magnetized plasma
Vasko, I. Y., E-mail: vaskoiy@gmail.com; Artemyev, A. V.; Zelenyi, L. M. [Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Space Research Institute, RAS, Moscow (Russian Federation)
2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider large-amplitude circularly polarized (LACP) waves propagating in a magnetized plasma. It is well-known that the dispersion relation for such waves coincides with the dispersion relation given by the linear theory. We develop the model of LACP wave containing a finite population of Cerenkov resonant particles. We find that the current of resonant particles modifies the linear dispersion relation. Dispersion curves of low-frequency (i.e., whistler and magnetosonic) waves are shifted toward larger values of the wave vector, i.e., waves with arbitrarily large wavelengths do not exist in this case. Dispersion curves of high-frequency waves are modified so that the wave phase velocity becomes smaller than the speed of light.
Energy of magnetic moment of superconducting current in magnetic field
V. L. Gurtovoi; A. V. Nikulov
2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z
The energy of magnetic moment of the persistent current circulating in superconducting loop in an externally produced magnetic field is not taken into account in the theory of quantization effects because of identification of the Hamiltonian with the energy. This identification misleads if, in accordance with the conservation law, the energy of a state is the energy expended for its creation. The energy of magnetic moment is deduced from a creation history of the current state in magnetic field both in the classical and quantum case. But taking this energy into account demolishes the agreement between theory and experiment. Impartial consideration of this problem discovers the contradiction both in theory and experiment.
Fusion and singular vectors in A1{(1)} highest weight cyclic modules
M. Bauer; N. Sochen
1992-01-31T23:59:59.000Z
We show how the interplay between the fusion formalism of conformal field theory and the Knizhnik--Zamolodchikov equation leads to explicit formulae for the singular vectors in the highest weight representations of A1{(1)}.
E-Print Network 3.0 - adenovirus vector elicits Sample Search...
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Ecology 3 JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY, 0022-538X9704.00 0 Summary: Liver Toxicity after Infusion of Recombinant Adenovirus Vectors ANDRE LIEBER,1 CHENG-YI HE,1 LEONARD... and...
Vector solitons with a uniform polarisation state induced by polarisation filtering in a fibre laser
Chen Weicheng; Chen Guojie; Han Dingan; Xie Jianing
2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z
A fibre laser with a SESAM as a passive mode-locker is constructed for obtaining a vector soliton with the Kelly sidebands. The analysis of the peculiarities of the sidebands shows that the polarisation states are nonuniform across the entire pulse spectral profile from the leading edge to the trailing edge. Polarisation filtering effect is proposed to obtain a vector soliton with a uniform polarisation state. It is shown that during the polarisation filtering by a polariser incorporated into the laser cavity, the spectral width of the vector solitons gradually broadens and the pulse power decreases. It is found that at a maximum spectral width and a minimum pulse power, vector solitons with a uniform polarisation state are generated. (nonlinear optical phenomena)
LONG-CIRCULATING DNA LIPID NANOCAPSULES AS NEW VECTOR FOR PASSIVE TUMOR , Montier T.
Paris-Sud XI, UniversitÃ© de
genetic material to target cells. To this end, DNA, complexed with cationic lipids i.e DOTAP causing any hepatic damage. Keywords: poly (ethylene glycol) - non-viral vector - stealth properties
Support vector machines with the ramp loss and the hard margin loss
J.P. Brooks
2008-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
Nov 4, 2008 ... Support vector machines with the ramp loss and the hard margin loss. J.P. Brooks (jpbrooks ***at*** vcu.edu). Abstract: In the interest of ...
THE ONE CLASS SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE SOLUTION PATH Gyemin Lee and Clayton D. Scott
Scott, Clayton
THE ONE CLASS SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE SOLUTION PATH Gyemin Lee and Clayton D. Scott Department that encloses a pre-speci ed probability mass of the distribution from which data are observed. Such sets
Gianotti, Rebecca Louise
This paper describes the first use of Hydrology-Entomology and Malaria Transmission Simulator (HYDREMATS), a physically based distributed hydrology model, to investigate environmental management methods for malaria vector ...
The potential for environmental management to contribute to malaria vector control in western Niger
Gianotti, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Louise)
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis investigated the potential for environmental management techniques to contribute to malaria vector control in Niger, with a case study on Banizoumbou village in western Niger. Numerical modeling was used to ...
Ecology of a vector-borne zoonosis in a complex ecosystem: trypanosomiasis in Serengeti, Tanzania
Auty, Harriet K.
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Unravelling the complexities of a disease with multiple wildlife host and multiple tsetse vector species is no easy task. After over a century of field observations, experimental studies, anecdotal evidence and conjecture, ...
Cell squeezing : a vector-free microfluidic platform for intracellular delivery of macromolecules
Sharei, Armon R. (Armon Reza)
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Intracellular delivery of material is a long-standing challenge for both therapeutic and research applications. Existing technologies rely on a variety of mechanisms to facilitate delivery. Vector-based methods, such as ...
Piven, Irina; Friedrich, Alexandra; Duhring, Ulf; Uliczka, Frank; Baier, Kerstin; Inaba, Masami; Shi, Tuo; Wang, Kui; Enke, Heike; Kramer, Dan
2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
A cyanobacterial host cell, Cyanobacterium sp., that harbors at least one recombinant gene for the production of a chemical compounds is provided, as well as vectors derived from an endogenous plasmid isolated from the cell.
A Support Vector Approach to Censored Targets Pannagadatta K. Shivaswamy Wei Chu Martin Jansche
Wei, Chu
A Support Vector Approach to Censored Targets Pannagadatta K. Shivaswamy Wei Chu Martin Jansche Center for Computational Learning Systems Columbia University New York, NY, 10115 pks2103,chuwei,jansche
Continuous magnetic separator and process
Oder, Robin R. (Export, PA); Jamison, Russell E. (Lower Burrell, PA)
2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z
A continuous magnetic separator and process for separating a slurry comprising magnetic particles into a clarified stream and a thickened stream. The separator has a container with a slurry inlet, an overflow outlet for the discharge of the clarified slurry stream, and an underflow outlet for the discharge of a thickened slurry stream. Magnetic particles in the slurry are attracted to, and slide down, magnetic rods within the container. The slurry is thus separated into magnetic concentrate and clarified slurry. Flow control means can be used to control the ratio of the rate of magnetic concentrate to the rate of clarified slurry. Feed control means can be used to control the rate of slurry feed to the slurry inlet.
Schuster, Philip, E-mail: pschuster@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics Ontario (Canada); Collaboration: APEX Collaboration
2013-11-07T23:59:59.000Z
The A' EXperiment (APEX) is designed to search for new vector bosons that have small couplings to charged particles. Such vectors can arise naturally from a small kinetic mixing of a new 'dark photon' (A') with the photon - one of the very few ways in which new forces can couple to the Standard Model - and have received considerable attention as an explanation of various dark matter related anomalies. A' bosons are produced by radiation off an electron beam, and could appear as narrow resonances with small production cross-section in the QED e{sup +}e{sup ?} spectrum. We plan to search for an A' using the CEBAF electron beam at energies of 1-4 GeV incident on 0.5-10% radiation length multi-foil tungsten targets, and measure the resulting e{sup +}e{sup ?} pairs using the High Resolution Spectrometers and a septum magnet in Hall A at Jefferson Lab. With a 33-day run, APEX will explore the region 50 MeV < m{sub A?} < 550 MeV with couplings alpha'/alpha down to 10{sup ?7}. This proceeding summarizes the experiment, test run results, and comments on future plans.
Garmestani, Hamid
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 281 (2004) 272Â275 Effects of high magnetic field annealing on texture and magnetic properties of FePd D.S. Lia, *, H. Garmestania , Shi-shen Yanb , M China c National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, 1800 East Paul Dirac Drive
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 286 (2005) 324Â328 Light-free magnetic resonance force for Physical Sciences, College Park, MD, USA Available online 4 November 2004 Abstract Magnetic resonance force microscopy is a scanned probe technique capable of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging. Its
Instability suppression of clusters of vector-necklace-ring solitons in nonlocal media
Shen Ming [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Shanghai 200444 (China); Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan (China); Kong Qian [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Shanghai 200444 (China); Laser Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia); Jeng, Chien-Chung [Department of Physics, National Chung-Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan (China); Ge Lijuan [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, 99 Shangda Road, Shanghai 200444 (China); Lee, Ray-Kuang [Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Krolikowski, Wieslaw [Laser Physics Center, Research School of Physics and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200 (Australia)
2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We study the instability suppression of vector-necklace-ring soliton clusters carrying zero, integer, and fractional angular momentums in nonlocal nonlinear media with an arbitrary degree of nonlocality. We show that the combination of nonlocality and mutual trapping of soliton constituent components can completely stabilize the vector-necklace-ring soliton clusters which are otherwise only quasistable in local media. Our results may be useful to studies of the novel soliton states in Bose-Einstein with dipolar long-range interactions.
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User GroupInformationE-Gov ContactsContractOfficeCool Magnetic
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L.FallU . S .ofFieldMagnetic Materials
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L.FallU . S .ofFieldMagnetic
Magnetic Materials Group - Staff
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces and InterfacesAdministration -Lowell L.FallU . S .ofFieldMagneticFormer
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2Workshops01ControllingControlsCool Magnetic Molecules
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AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity2Workshops01ControllingControlsCool Magnetic
Ghidini, Massimo; Maccherozzi, Francesco; Moya, Xavier; Phillips, Lee C.; Yan, Wenjing; Soussi, Jordane; Métallier, Nicolas; Vickers, Mary E.; Steinke, Nina -J.; Mansell, Rhodri; Barnes, Crispin H. W.; Dhesi, Sarnjeet S.; Mathur, Neil D.
2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
of Parma viale G. P. Usberti 7/A , Parma 43124 , Italy Dr. F. Maccherozzi, Prof. S. S. Dhesi Diamond Light Source Chilton, Didcot , Oxfordshire OX11 0DE , UK Dr. N.-J. Steinke, Dr. R. Mansell, Prof. C. H. W. Barnes Cavendish Laboratory... , minimizing stray-fi eld energy. The IP component of magnetization lies perpendicular to this IP direction, along the same direction in adjacent stripes. In polycrystalline fi lms of negative-magnetostriction Ni, which show stripe domains above a critical...
Magnetic structure of the high temperature superconductor Gd{sub 1–x}Th{sub x}FeAsO
Lee-Hone, N. R.; Ryan, D. H., E-mail: dhryan@physics.mcgill.ca [Physics Department and Centre for the Physics of Materials, McGill University, 3600 University Street, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T8 (Canada); Cadogan, J. M. [School of Physical, Environmental and Mathematical Sciences, UNSW Canberra at the Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, BC 2610 (Australia); Sun, Y. L.; Cao, G. H. [Department of Physics, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027 (China)
2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The magnetic structure of the high temperature superconductor Gd{sub 1–x}Th{sub x}FeAsO (x?=?0, 0.25) has been determined by neutron powder diffraction. The Gd moments were found to order at T{sub N} ? 4?K and to lie in the basal plane, and form alternating ferromagnetic sheets along the c-axis. The orientation of the gadolinium moments in both the doped and undoped compounds has been confirmed using {sup 155}Gd Mössbauer spectroscopy.
Vector and Scalar Bosons at DØ and ATLAS
Lammers, Sabine Sabine [Indiana University
2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
Vector Boson Fusion (VBF) has never been measured in hadron collisions, but it is one of the most sensitive modes for low mass Standard Model Higgs production at ATLAS. The objective of this proposal is to measure VBF production of W and Z bosons at the DØ Experiment taking place at the Tevatron Collider near Chicago, Illinois, and at the ATLAS Experiment, running at the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, Switzerland. The framework developed in these measurements will be used to discover and study the Higgs Boson produced through the same mechanism (VBF) at ATLAS. The 10 f b?1 dataset recently collected by the DØ experiment provides a unique opportunity to observe evidence of VBF production of W Bosons, which will provide the required theoretical knowledge - VBF cross sections - and experimental knowledge - tuning of measurement techniques - on which to base the VBF measurements at the LHC. At the time of this writing, the ATLAS experiment has recorded 5 fb?1 of data at ?s = 7 TeV, and expects to collect at least another 5 in 2012. Assuming Standard Model cross sections, this dataset will allow for the observation of VBF production of W, Z and Higgs bosons. The major challenges for the first observation of VBF interactions are: developing highly optimized forward jet identification algorithms, and accurately modeling both rates and kinematics of background processes. With the research program outlined in this grant proposal, I plan to address each of these areas, paving the way for VBF observation. The concentration on VBF production for the duration of this grant will be at ATLAS where the anticipated high pileup rates necessitates a cleaner signal. My past experience with forward jet identification at the ZEUS experiment, and with W+(n)Jets measurements at DØ , puts me in a unique position to lead this effort. The proposed program will have a dual focus: on DØ where the VBF analysis effort is mature and efforts of a postdoc will be required to bring the VBF W analysis to a paper, and at ATLAS where a graduate student will begin the effort. I therefore request funding for a student and a postdoc, as well as summer support for myself, for the four year duration of the grant proposal. I also request travel funds to facilitate interactions with my group, presentation at conferences, and a modest amount of money to purchase computing resources.
Measurements of magnetic field alignment
Kuchnir, M.; Schmidt, E.E.
1987-11-06T23:59:59.000Z
The procedure for installing Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) dipoles in their respective cryostats involves aligning the average direction of their field with the vertical to an accuracy of 0.5 mrad. The equipment developed for carrying on these measurements is described and the measurements performed on the first few prototypes SSC magnets are presented. The field angle as a function of position in these 16.6 m long magnets is a characteristic of the individual magnet with possible feedback information to its manufacturing procedure. A comparison of this vertical alignment characteristic with a magnetic field intensity (by NMR) characteristic for one of the prototypes is also presented. 5 refs., 7 figs.
$?^{-}$, $?^{* -}$, $?^{* -}$ and $?^{-}$ decuplet baryon magnetic moments
Milton Dean Slaughter
2011-04-04T23:59:59.000Z
The properties of the ground state $U$-Spin $={3/2}$ baryon decuplet magnetic moments $\\Delta^{-}$, $\\Xi^{* -}$, $\\Sigma^{* -}$ and $\\Omega^{-}$ and their ground state spin 1/2 cousins $p$, $n$, $\\Lambda$, $\\Sigma^{+}$, $\\Sigma^{0}$, $\\Sigma^{-}$, $\\Xi^{+}$, and $\\Xi^{-}$ have been studied for many years with a modicum of success. The magnetic moments of many are yet to be determined. Of the decuplet baryons, only the magnetic moment of the $\\Omega^{-}$ has been accurately determined. We calculate the magnetic moments of the \\emph{physical} decuplet $U$-Spin $={3/2}$ quartet members without ascribing any specific form to their quark structure or intra-quark interactions.
Active Magnetic Regenerator Experimental Optimization
Victoria, University of
Active Magnetic Regenerator Experimental Optimization by Armando Tura Bachelor in Engineering Regenerator Experimental Optimization by Armando Tura Bachelor in Engineering, University of Victoria, 2002
H{sub 3}{sup +} molecular ion in a magnetic field: Linear parallel configuration
Turbiner, A. V.; Guevara, N. L.; Lopez Vieyra, J. C. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 70-543, 04510 Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
A detailed study of the ground state of the H{sub 3}{sup +} molecular ion in linear configuration, parallel to the magnetic field direction, and its low-lying {sigma}, {pi}, and {delta} states is carried out for magnetic fields B=0-4.414x10{sup 13} G in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. The variational method is employed with a single trial function which includes electronic correlation in the form exp({gamma}r{sub 12}), where {gamma} is a variational parameter. It is shown that the quantum numbers of the state of the lowest total energy (ground state) depend on the magnetic field strength. The ground state evolves from the spin-singlet {sup 1}{sigma}{sub g} state for weak magnetic fields B(less-or-similar sign)5x10{sup 8} G to a weakly bound spin-triplet {sup 3}{sigma}{sub u} state for intermediate fields and, eventually, to a spin-triplet {sup 3}{pi}{sub u} state for 5x10{sup 10}(less-or-similar sign)B(less-or-similar sign)4.414x10{sup 13} G. Local stability of the linear parallel configuration with respect to possible small deviations is checked.
Search for Magnetic Monopoles in ?s=7??TeV pp Collisions with the ATLAS Detector
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Aad, G.; Abajyan, T.; Abbott, B.; Abdallah, J.; Abdel Khalek, S.; Abdelalim, A. A.; Abdinov, O.; Aben, R.; Abi, B.; Abolins, M.; AbouZeid, O. S.; Abramowicz, H.; Abreu, H.; Acerbi, E.; Acharya, B. S.; Adamczyk, L.; Adams, D. L.; Addy, T. N.; Adelman, J.; Adomeit, S.; Adragna, P.; Adye, T.; Aefsky, S.; Aguilar-Saavedra, J. A.; Agustoni, M.; Aharrouche, M.; Ahlen, S. P.; Ahles, F.; Ahmad, A.; Ahsan, M.; Aielli, G.; Akdogan, T.; Åkesson, T. P. A.; Akimoto, G.; Akimov, A. V.; Alam, M. S.; Alam, M. A.; Albert, J.; Albrand, S.; Aleksa, M.; Aleksandrov, I. N.; Alessandria, F.; Alexa, C.; Alexander, G.; Alexandre, G.; Alexopoulos, T.; Alhroob, M.; Aliev, M.; Alimonti, G.; Alison, J.; Allbrooke, B. M. M.; Allport, P. P.; Allwood-Spiers, S. E.; Almond, J.; Aloisio, A.; Alon, R.; Alonso, A.; Alonso, F.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Alviggi, M. G.; Amako, K.; Amelung, C.; Ammosov, V. V.; Amorim, A.; Amram, N.; Anastopoulos, C.; Ancu, L. S.; Andari, N.; Andeen, T.; Anders, C. F.; Anders, G.; Anderson, K. J.; Andreazza, A.; Andrei, V.; Anduaga, X. S.; Anger, P.; Angerami, A.; Anghinolfi, F.; Anisenkov, A.; Anjos, N.; Annovi, A.; Antonaki, A.; Antonelli, M.; Antonov, A.; Antos, J.; Anulli, F.; Aoki, M.; Aoun, S.; Aperio Bella, L.; Apolle, R.; Arabidze, G.; Aracena, I.; Arai, Y.; Arce, A. T. H.; Arfaoui, S.; Arguin, J-F.; Arik, E.; Arik, M.; Armbruster, A. J.; Arnaez, O.; Arnal, V.; Arnault, C.; Artamonov, A.; Artoni, G.; Arutinov, D.; Asai, S.; Asfandiyarov, R.; Ask, S.; Åsman, B.; Asquith, L.; Assamagan, K.; Astbury, A.; Atkinson, M.; Aubert, B.; Auge, E.; Augsten, K.; Aurousseau, M.; Avolio, G.; Avramidou, R.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Azuma, Y.; Baak, M. A.; Baccaglioni, G.; Bacci, C.; Bach, A. M.; Bachacou, H.; Bachas, K.; Backes, M.; Backhaus, M.; Badescu, E.; Bagnaia, P.; Bahinipati, S.; Bai, Y.; Bailey, D. C.; Bain, T.; Baines, J. T.; Baker, O. K.; Baker, M. D.; Baker, S.; Banas, E.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, Sw.; Banfi, D.; Bangert, A.; Bansal, V.; Bansil, H. S.; Barak, L.; Baranov, S. P.; Barbaro Galtieri, A.; Barber, T.; Barberio, E. L.; Barberis, D.; Barbero, M.; Bardin, D. Y.; Barillari, T.; Barisonzi, M.; Barklow, T.; Barlow, N.; Barnett, B. M.; Barnett, R. M.; Baroncelli, A.; Barone, G.; Barr, A. J.; Barreiro, F.; Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, J.; Barrillon, P.; Bartoldus, R.; Barton, A. E.; Bartsch, V.; Bates, R. L.; Batkova, L.; Batley, J. R.; Battaglia, A.; Battistin, M.; Bauer, F.; Bawa, H. S.; Beale, S.; Beau, T.; Beauchemin, P. H.; Beccherle, R.; Bechtle, P.; Beck, H. P.; Becker, A. K.; Becker, S.; Beckingham, M.; Becks, K. H.; Beddall, A. J.; Beddall, A.; Bedikian, S.; Bednyakov, V. A.; Bee, C. P.; Beemster, L. J.; Begel, M.; Behar Harpaz, S.; Beimforde, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bell, P. J.; Bell, W. H.; Bella, G.; Bellagamba, L.; Bellina, F.; Bellomo, M.; Belloni, A.; Beloborodova, O.; Belotskiy, K.; Beltramello, O.; Benary, O.; Benchekroun, D.; Bendtz, K.; Benekos, N.; Benhammou, Y.; Benhar Noccioli, E.; Benitez Garcia, J. A.; Benjamin, D. P.; Benoit, M.; Bensinger, J. R.; Benslama, K.; Bentvelsen, S.; Berge, D.; Bergeaas Kuutmann, E.; Berger, N.; Berghaus, F.; Berglund, E.; Beringer, J.; Bernat, P.; Bernhard, R.; Bernius, C.; Berry, T.; Bertella, C.; Bertin, A.; Bertolucci, F.; Besana, M. I.; Besjes, G. J.; Besson, N.; Bethke, S.; Bhimji, W.; Bianchi, R. M.; Bianco, M.; Biebel, O.; Bieniek, S. P.; Bierwagen, K.; Biesiada, J.; Biglietti, M.; Bilokon, H.; Bindi, M.; Binet, S.; Bingul, A.; Bini, C.; Biscarat, C.; Bitenc, U.; Black, K. M.; Blair, R. E.; Blanchard, J.-B.; Blanchot, G.; Blazek, T.; Blocker, C.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Blum, W.; Blumenschein, U.; Bobbink, G. J.; Bobrovnikov, V. B.; Bocchetta, S. S.; Bocci, A.; Boddy, C. R.; Boehler, M.; Boek, J.; Boelaert, N.; Bogaerts, J. A.; Bogdanchikov, A.; Bogouch, A.; Bohm, C.; Bohm, J.; Boisvert, V.; Bold, T.; Boldea, V.; Bolnet, N. M.; Bomben, M.; Bona, M.; Boonekamp, M.; Booth, C. N.; Bordoni, S.; Borer, C.; Borisov, A.; Borissov, G.; Borjanovic, I.; Borri, M.; Borroni, S.; Bortolotto, V.; Bos, K.; Boscherini, D.; Bosman, M.; Boterenbrood, H.; Bouchami, J.; Boudreau, J.; Bouhova-Thacker, E. V.; Boumediene, D.; Bourdarios, C.; Bousson, N.; Boveia, A.; Boyd, J.; Boyko, I. R.; Bozovic-Jelisavcic, I.; Bracinik, J.; Branchini, P.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, G.; Brandt, O.; Bratzler, U.; Brau, B.; Brau, J. E.; Braun, H. M.; Brazzale, S. F.; Brelier, B.; Bremer, J.; Brendlinger, K.; Brenner, R.; Bressler, S.; Britton, D.; Brochu, F. M.; Brock, I.; Brock, R.; Broggi, F.; Bromberg, C.; Bronner, J.; Brooijmans, G.; Brooks, T.; Brooks, W. K.; Brown, G.; Brown, H.; Bruckman de Renstrom, P. A.; Bruncko, D.; Bruneliere, R.; Brunet, S.; Bruni, A.; Bruni, G.; Bruschi, M.; Buanes, T.; Buat, Q.; Bucci, F.; Buchanan, J.; Buchholz, P.; Buckingham, R. M.
2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
This Letter presents a search for magnetic monopoles with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider using an integrated luminosity of 2.0??fb?1 of pp collisions recorded at a center-of-mass energy of ?s =7??TeV . No event is found in the signal region, leading to an upper limit on the production cross section at 95% confidence level of 1.6/???fb for Dirac magnetic monopoles with the minimum unit magnetic charge and with mass between 200 GeV and 1500 GeV, where ? is the monopole reconstruction efficiency. The efficiency ? is high and uniform in the fiducial region given by pseudorapidity |?|kinsin?<1400??GeV . The minimum value of 700 GeV is for monopoles of mass 200 GeV, whereas the minimum value of 600 GeV is applicable for higher mass monopoles. Therefore, the upper limit on the production cross section at 95% confidence level is 2 fb in this fiducial region. Assuming the kinematic distributions from Drell-Yan pair production of spin-1/2 Dirac magnetic monopoles, the efficiency is in the range 1%–10%, leading to an upper limit on the cross section at 95% confidence level that varies from 145 fb to 16 fb for monopoles with mass between 200 GeV and 1200 GeV. This limit is weaker than the fiducial limit because most of these monopoles lie outside the fiducial region.
National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Audio Dictionary: Hybrid...
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Hybrid Magnet? Now Playing: What's a Hybrid Magnet? Enable Javascript and Flash to stream the Magnet Minute Scott Hannahs Associated Links The World's Strongest Magnet (audio...
MagLab: 45 Tesla Hybrid Magnet - Publications
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Magnets & Facilities > Hybrid Magnet Arrow Publications Featuring Data from the 45 Tesla Hybrid Magnet The hybrid magnet was commissioned in December 1999. Nature, Nature Physics,...
MagLab - MagLab Dictionary: Hybrid Magnet (Transcript)
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Hybrid Magnet As explained by Scott Hannahs, DC Facilities & Instrumentation director. Hybrid magnet The lab's world-record 45 tesla hybrid magnet. The premier magnet system at the...
Tziotziou, Kostas; Georgoulis, Manolis K. [Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics (RCAAM) Academy of Athens, 4 Soranou Efesiou Street, Athens, GR-11527 (Greece); Liu Yang [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States)
2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
In previous works, we introduced a nonlinear force-free method that self-consistently calculates the instantaneous budgets of free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity in solar active regions (ARs). Calculation is expedient and practical, using only a single vector magnetogram per computation. We apply this method to a time series of 600 high-cadence vector magnetograms of the eruptive NOAA AR 11158 acquired by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory over a five-day observing interval. Besides testing our method extensively, we use it to interpret the dynamical evolution in the AR, including eruptions. We find that the AR builds large budgets of both free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity, sufficient to power many more eruptions than the ones it gave within the interval of interest. For each of these major eruptions, we find eruption-related decreases and subsequent free-energy and helicity budgets that are consistent with the observed eruption (flare and coronal mass ejection (CME)) sizes. In addition, we find that (1) evolution in the AR is consistent with the recently proposed (free) energy-(relative) helicity diagram of solar ARs, (2) eruption-related decreases occur before the flare and the projected CME-launch times, suggesting that CME progenitors precede flares, and (3) self terms of free energy and relative helicity most likely originate from respective mutual terms, following a progressive mutual-to-self conversion pattern that most likely stems from magnetic reconnection. This results in the non-ideal formation of increasingly helical pre-eruption structures and instigates further research on the triggering of solar eruptions with magnetic helicity firmly placed in the eruption cadre.
Rotational and magnetic shunt permanent magnet quadrupoles with variable magnetic strength
Vladimir Kashikhin et al.
2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z
Next Linear Collider (NLC) and Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) projects suppose to use permanent magnets as bending, focusing and correcting elements. Prototypes of two permanent magnet quadrupoles with variable strength were built and successfully tested in Fermilab. Quadrupoles have 12.7 mm aperture diameter, 100 T/m gradient with an adjustment range of 0 to -20%. Special designs provide high precision magnetic center stability during strength change. SmCo5 permanent magnet bricks were used in these prototypes. Rotational quadrupole consists of four sections. Two central sections are rotated in counter directions to adjust the strength. Magnetic shunt quadrupole design provides variable shunting of the magnetic flux. The numerical simulation, designs, measuring results are described.
Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism
Mojzsis, Stephen J.
Background Material Important Questions about Magnetism: 1) What is Magnetism?Magnetism is a force or repulsion due to charge is called the electric force. But what about magnetism, is there a fundamental property of some matter that makes things magnetic? The answer is: "sort of." Electric current
Correction magnets for the Fermilab Recycler Ring
James T Volk et al.
2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z
In the commissioning of the Fermilab Recycler ring the need for higher order corrector magnets in the regions near beam transfers was discovered. Three types of permanent magnet skew quadrupoles, and two types of permanent magnet sextupoles were designed and built. This paper describes the need for these magnets, the design, assembly, and magnetic measurements.
High temperature, permanent magnet biased, homopolar magnetic bearing actuator
Hossain, Mohammad Ahsan
2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z
current resistance and improves the system efficiency because the magnetic field of the HTPM can suspend the major portion of the static load on bearing. A high temperature radial magnetic bearing was designed via an iterative search employing 3D finite...
Johnson, P.D.
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Spin polarized photoemission studies of different adsorbates on an Fe (001) substrate show the interaction between the adsorbate and the substrate d bands. Studies of the adsorption of oxygen reveal exchange split adsorbate bands indicative of both a magnetic moment on the adsorbate atom and also a strong adsorbate p{sub z} substrate d{sub z}{sup 2} bond. The oxygen p{sub z} bands show a large variation in exchange splitting across the surface zone, an observation that is not predicted in first principles calculations of this system. Spin Polarized Auger Electron Spectroscopy studies of sulfur adsorbed on the same surface provide some indication of the magnetic moment on the adsorbate. It is found to be of the order of 0.1 {mu}B. Studies of carbon monoxide adsorption in two different configurations, vertical and tilted, reveal little or no exchange splitting in the molecular 5{sigma} orbital suggesting that the interaction of this orbital with the substrate d bands is much weaker. 38 refs., 11 figs.
Gambacurta, D.; Grasso, M.; Catara, F. [GANIL,CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France); Institut de Physique Nucleaire, Universite Paris-Sud, IN2P3-CNRS, F-91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia dell'Universita di and INFN Catania (Italy)
2012-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
The low-lying dipole strength distributions of {sup 40}CaCa and {sup 48}Ca, in the energy region between 5 and 10 MeV, are studied within the second random phase approximation (RPA) with Skyrme interaction. Standard RPA models do not usually predict any presence of strength in this energy region, while experimentally a significant amount of strength is found. The inclusion of the 2 particle -2 hole configurations allows to obtain a description in a rather good agreement with the experimental data. The properties of the most collective state are analyzed in terms of its 1 particle -1 hole nature and its transition densities.
SOLAR MAGNETIC TRACKING. IV. THE DEATH OF MAGNETIC FEATURES
Lamb, D. A.; Howard, T. A.; DeForest, C. E. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Parnell, C. E. [School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Welsch, B. T., E-mail: derek@boulder.swri.edu [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California-Berkeley, 7 Gauss Way, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)
2013-09-10T23:59:59.000Z
The removal of magnetic flux from the quiet-Sun photosphere is important for maintaining the statistical steady state of the magnetic field there, for determining the magnetic flux budget of the Sun, and for estimating the rate of energy injected into the upper solar atmosphere. Magnetic feature death is a measurable proxy for the removal of detectable flux, either by cancellation (submerging or rising loops, or reconnection in the photosphere) or by dispersal of flux. We used the SWAMIS feature tracking code to understand how nearly 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 4} magnetic features die in an hour-long sequence of Hinode/SOT/NFI magnetograms of a region of the quiet Sun. Of the feature deaths that remove visible magnetic flux from the photosphere, the vast majority do so by a process that merely disperses the previously detected flux so that it is too small and too weak to be detected, rather than completely eliminating it. The behavior of the ensemble average of these dispersals is not consistent with a model of simple planar diffusion, suggesting that the dispersal is constrained by the evolving photospheric velocity field. We introduce the concept of the partial lifetime of magnetic features, and show that the partial lifetime due to Cancellation of magnetic flux, 22 hr, is three times slower than previous measurements of the flux turnover time. This indicates that prior feature-based estimates of the flux replacement time may be too short, in contrast with the tendency for this quantity to decrease as resolution and instrumentation have improved. This suggests that dispersal of flux to smaller scales is more important for the replacement of magnetic fields in the quiet Sun than observed bipolar cancellation. We conclude that processes on spatial scales smaller than those visible to Hinode dominate the processes of flux emergence and cancellation, and therefore also the quantity of magnetic flux that threads the photosphere.