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Sample records for magnetic vortices print

  1. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally Print Magnetic vortices - hurricanes of magnetism only a few atoms across - have generated intense interest in the high-tech...

  2. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Are Created Equally Print Wednesday, 29 August 2012 00:00 Magnetic vortices - hurricanes of magnetism only a few atoms across - have generated intense interest in the...

  3. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    at the ALS, researchers have shown for the first time how to use pulsed magnetic fields to reverse the circulation. Taming the Whirlwind Although magnetic vortices may seem...

  4. Vorticity and magnetic field production in relativistic ideal fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-Hua Gao; Bin Qi; Shou-Yu Wang

    2015-01-26

    In the framework of relativistic ideal hydrodynamics, we study the production mechanism for vorticity and magnetic field in relativistic ideal fluids. It is demonstrated that in the uncharged fluids the thermal vorticity will always satisfy the Kelvin's theorem and the circulation must be conserved. However, in the charged fluids, the vorticity and magnetic field can be produced by the interaction between the entropy gradients and the fluid velocity gradients. Especially, in the multiple charged fluids, the vorticity and magnetic field can be produced by the interaction between the inhomogenous charge density ratio and the fluid velocity gradients even if the entropy distribution is homogeneous, which provides another mechanism for the production of vorticity and magnetic field in relativistic plasmas or in the early universe.

  5. ELECTRICALLY AND MAGNETICALLY CHARGED VORTICES IN THE CHERNSIMONSHIGGS THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirn, Daniel

    ELECTRICALLY AND MAGNETICALLY CHARGED VORTICES IN THE CHERN­SIMONS­HIGGS THEORY ROBIN MING CHEN explored the idea of Dirac and proposed the existence of both electrically and magnetically charged electric and magnetic charges of a dyon. In modern theoretical physics, dyons are consid- ered as excited

  6. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMassR&D100Nationalquestionnaires 0serial codesReversing the Circulation of Magnetic

  7. Influence of Domain Wall Pinning on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on the Dynamic Behavior of Magnetic Vortices Print Soft magnetic, micron-sized thin-film structures with magnetic vortices are intriguing systems that may one day be used in...

  8. Magnetic Fields Boosted by Gluon Vortices in Color Superconductivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efrain J. Ferrer; Vivian de la Incera

    2006-08-28

    We investigate the effects of an external magnetic field in the gluon dynamics of a color superconductor with three massless quark flavors. In the framework of gluon mean-field theory at asymptotic densities, we show that the long-range component $\\widetilde{H}$ of the external magnetic field that penetrates the CFL phase produces an instability when its strength becomes larger than the Meissner mass of the charged gluons. As a consequence, the magnetic field causes the formation of a vortex state characterized by the condensation of charged gluons and the creation of magnetic flux tubes. Inside the flux tubes the magnetic field is stronger than the applied one. This antiscreening effect is connected to the anomalous magnetic moment of the gluon field. We suggest how this same mechanism could serve to remove the chromomagnetic instabilities existing in gapless color superconductivity.

  9. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications64NewsroomNontoxic quantumNot All Nanodisk Magnetic

  10. Gravitational radiation, vorticity and the electric and magnetic part of Weyl tensor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Herrera; N. O. Santos; J. Carot

    2006-05-15

    The electric and the magnetic part of the Weyl tensor, as well as the invariants obtained from them, are calculated for the Bondi vacuum metric. One of the invariants vanishes identically and the other only exhibits contributions from terms of the Weyl tensor containing the static part of the field. It is shown that the necessary and sufficient condition for the spacetime to be purely electric is that such spacetime be static. It is also shown that the vanishing of the electric part implies Minkowski spacetime. Unlike the electric part, the magnetic part does not contain contributions from the static field. Finally a speculation about the link between the vorticity of world lines of observers at rest in a Bondi frame, and gravitational radiation, is presented.

  11. Scanning Hall Probe Microscopy of Magnetic Vortices inVery Underdoped yttrium-barium-copper-oxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guikema, Janice Wynn; /SLAC, SSRL

    2005-12-02

    Since their discovery by Bednorz and Mueller (1986), high-temperature cuprate superconductors have been the subject of intense experimental research and theoretical work. Despite this large-scale effort, agreement on the mechanism of high-T{sub c} has not been reached. Many theories make their strongest predictions for underdoped superconductors with very low superfluid density n{sub s}/m*. For this dissertation I implemented a scanning Hall probe microscope and used it to study magnetic vortices in newly available single crystals of very underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} (Liang et al. 1998, 2002). These studies have disproved a promising theory of spin-charge separation, measured the apparent vortex size (an upper bound on the penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}), and revealed an intriguing phenomenon of ''split'' vortices. Scanning Hall probe microscopy is a non-invasive and direct method for magnetic field imaging. It is one of the few techniques capable of submicron spatial resolution coupled with sub-{Phi}{sub 0} (flux quantum) sensitivity, and it operates over a wide temperature range. Chapter 2 introduces the variable temperature scanning microscope and discusses the scanning Hall probe set-up and scanner characterizations. Chapter 3 details my fabrication of submicron GaAs/AlGaAs Hall probes and discusses noise studies for a range of probe sizes, which suggest that sub-100 nm probes could be made without compromising flux sensitivity. The subsequent chapters detail scanning Hall probe (and SQUID) microscopy studies of very underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} crystals with T{sub c} {le} 15 K. Chapter 4 describes two experimental tests for visons, essential excitations of a spin-charge separation theory proposed by Senthil and Fisher (2000, 2001b). We searched for predicted hc/e vortices (Wynn et al. 2001) and a vortex memory effect (Bonn et al. 2001) with null results, placing upper bounds on the vison energy inconsistent with the theory. Chapter 5 discusses imaging of isolated vortices as a function of T{sub c}. Vortex images were fit with theoretical magnetic field profiles in order to extract the apparent vortex size. The data for the lowest T{sub c}'s (5 and 6.5 K) show some inhomogeneity and suggest that {lambda}{sub ab} might be larger than predicted by the T{sub c} {proportional_to} n{sub s}(0)/m* relation first suggested by results of Uemura et al. (1989) for underdoped cuprates. Finally, Chapter 6 examines observations of apparent ''partial vortices'' in the crystals. My studies of these features indicate that they are likely split pancake vortex stacks. Qualitatively, these split stacks reveal information about pinning and anisotropy in the samples. Collectively these magnetic imaging studies deepen our knowledge of cuprate superconductivity, especially in the important regime of low superfluid density.

  12. Nonlinear motion of coupled magnetic vortices in ferromagnetic/non-magnetic/ferromagnetic trilayer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun, Su-Hyeong

    2010-01-01

    o f nanometer scale spintronic devices and memory devices [4]. In the realization o f spintronic and memory devices,potential application o f spintronics and magnetic storage

  13. Magnetic moment, vorticity-spin coupling and parity-odd conductivity of chiral fermions in 4-dimensional Wigner functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-hua Gao; Qun Wang

    2015-04-28

    We demonstrate the emergence of the magnetic moment and spin-vorticity coupling of chiral fermions in 4-dimensional Wigner functions. In linear response theory with space-time varying electromagnetic fields, the parity-odd part of the electric conductivity can also be derived which reproduces results of the one-loop and the hard-thermal or hard-dense loop. All these properties show that the 4-dimensional Wigner functions capture comprehensive aspects of physics for chiral fermions in electromagnetic fields.

  14. Magnetic moment, vorticity-spin coupling and parity-odd conductivity of chiral fermions in 4-dimensional Wigner functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jian-hua Gao; Qun Wang

    2015-08-26

    We demonstrate the emergence of the magnetic moment and spin-vorticity coupling of chiral fermions in 4-dimensional Wigner functions. In linear response theory with space-time varying electromagnetic fields, the parity-odd part of the electric conductivity can also be derived which reproduces results of the one-loop and the hard-thermal or hard-dense loop. All these properties show that the 4-dimensional Wigner functions capture comprehensive aspects of physics for chiral fermions in electromagnetic fields.

  15. Vortices In Circumstellar Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fred Adams; Richard Watkins

    1995-01-12

    We discuss the physics of vortices in the circumstellar disks associated with young stellar objects. We elucidate the basic physical properties of these localized storm systems. In particular, we consider point vortices, linear vortices, the effects of self-gravity, magnetic fields, and nonlinear aspects of the problem. We find that these vortices can exist in many different forms in the disks of young stellar objects and may play a role in the formation of binary companions and/or giant planets. Vortices may enhance giant planet formation via gravitational instability by allowing dust grains (heavy elements) to settle to the center on a short timescale; the gravitational instability itself is also enhanced because the vortices also create a larger local surface density in the disk. In addition, vortices can enhance energy dissipation in disks and thereby affect disk accretion. Finally, we consider the possibility that vortices of this type exist in molecular clouds and in the disk of the galaxy itself. On all of these size scales, vortices can produce long-lived structures which may correspond to observed structures in these systems.

  16. High Reynolds Number Vortices with Magnetic Field in NonAxisymmetric Strain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bajer, Konrad

    of coaxial vortex and magnetic flux tubes supported by nonaxisymmetric uniaxial strain. Two different the radius of the vortex and we call such a tube thin. In section 4 we consider a thick tube (Pm 1) whose radius is much larger than that of the vortex tube which is now approximated by a line vortex. The value

  17. Nonlinearity 12 (1999) 851865. Printed in the UK PII: S0951-7715(99)96371-5 Conservation laws in a first-order dynamical system of vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malfait, Nicole

    1999-01-01

    . TheconservationlawsforlinearandangularmomentainaSchrodingerChernSimons field theory modelling vortex dynamics in planar superconductors flux vortices in thin-film superconductors [9]. The Lagrangian is of first-order Schr in superconductors at very low temperature [1, 14]. For time-independent fields, the Lagrangian reduces

  18. Spontaneous vortices in ferromagnet-superconductor systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Hongduo

    2006-08-16

    We study the interaction between superconductors and ferromagnets in two systems: a ferromagnet-superconductor bilayer, and a thin superconducting film with a periodic array of magnetic dots upon it, with spontaneous vortices appearing...

  19. Defining Coherent Vortices Objectively from the Vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, George; Farazmand, Mohammad; Huhn, Florian

    2015-01-01

    Rotationally coherent Lagrangian vortices are formed by tubes of deforming fluid elements that complete equal bulk material rotation relative to the mean rotation of the deforming fluid volume. We show that initial positions of such tubes coincide with tubular level surfaces of the Lagrangian-Averaged Vorticity Deviation (LAVD), the trajectory integral of the normed difference of the vorticity from its spatial mean. LAVD-based vortices are objective, i.e., remain unchanged under time-dependent rotations and translations of the coordinate frame. In the limit of vanishing Rossby numbers in geostrophic flows, cyclonic LAVD vortex centers are precisely the observed attractors for light particles. A similar result holds for heavy particles in anticyclonic LAVD vortices. We also establish a relationship between rotationally coherent Lagrangian vortices and their instantaneous Eulerian counterparts. The latter are formed by tubular surfaces of equal material rotation rate, objectively measured by the Instantaneous V...

  20. MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMICS Vol. 42 (2006), No. 23, pp. 199206 VORTICITY GENERATION IN LOCALIZED

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    2006-01-01

    that vorticity can be generated due to fringing magnetic fields. In fact, most of the investigations of flows field, Honji and Haraguchi [6, 7] demonstarted that generation of vorticity in inhomogeneous magnetic. A permanent magnet located externally but close to the layer was moved at a constant velocity along the center

  1. QG Equations QG Vorticity Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hennon, Christopher C.

    QG Equations QG Vorticity Equation The vorticity equation can be written in isobaric and vector Vorticity Equation: 1) Frictional effects are negligible 2) Tilting terms are negligible on the synoptic these assumptions are applied, the vorticity equation becomes: ( ) ( )Hgg g VffV t vv -+-= (1) Furthermore, f

  2. J. Phys. G : Nucl. Phys. 9 (1983) 1125-1 138. Printed in Great Britain The nuclear magnetic moment of "Ir and the directional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, David

    1983-01-01

    J. Phys. G : Nucl. Phys. 9 (1983) 1125-1 138. Printed in Great Britain The nuclear magnetic moment-capture transitions are deduced and compared with various nuclear models. The angular distribution coefficients S ) ~=0.04( l)pN.Possible single-particle descriptions compatible with this result are suggested. NUCLEAR

  3. J. Phys. F : Metal Phys., Vol. 8. No. 5. 1978. Printed in Great Britain. @ 1978 Electronic structure of metals : VI. Magnetic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Phys. F : Metal Phys., Vol. 8. No. 5. 1978. Printed in Great Britain. @ 1978 Electronic structure of metals : VI. Magnetic susceptibilities of simple metals S K Lai, S Wang and C B So Department metals. Each of the derived formulae contains a significant correction to that previously derived

  4. Abrikosov Gluon Vortices in Color Superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efrain J. Ferrer

    2010-04-05

    In this talk I will discuss how the in-medium magnetic field can influence the gluon dynamics in a three-flavor color superconductor. It will be shown how at field strengths comparable to the charged gluon Meissner mass a new phase can be realized, giving rise to Abrikosov's vortices of charged gluons. In that phase, the inhomogeneous gluon condensate anti-screens the magnetic field due to the anomalous magnetic moment of these spin-1 particles. This paramagnetic effect can be of interest for astrophysics, since due to the gluon vortex antiscreening mechanism, compact stars with color superconducting cores could have larger magnetic fields than neutron stars made up entirely of nuclear matter. I will also discuss a second gluon condensation phenomenon connected to the Meissner instability attained at moderate densities by two-flavor color superconductors. In this situation, an inhomogeneous condensate of charged gluons emerges to remove the chromomagnetic instability created by the pairing mismatch, and as a consequence, the charged gluonic currents induce a magnetic field. Finally, I will point out a possible relation between glitches in neutron stars and the existence of the gluon vortices.

  5. Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moler, Kathryn A.

    Controlled manipulation of individual vortices in a superconductor E. W. J. Straver,1 J. E. Hoffman semiconductor,7 while vortices adjacent to an elec- tron gas in a quantum-Hall state may allow the creation on a cantilever with a sharp magnetic tip, such that scanning the cantilever at a constant height z above

  6. Propagation dynamics of optical vortices with anisotropic phase profiles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Hae June

    of pure dislocation in electro- magnetic fields and have been an interesting subject of re- search to our knowledge of a light beam with an optical vor- tex was done for a TEM01* laser in doughnut mode formation and optical turbulence.38 Various applications of optical vortices have been suggested

  7. Frame dragging with optical vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strohaber, James

    2011-12-22

    General Relativistic calculations in the linear regime have been made for electromagnetic beams of radiation known as optical vortices. These exotic beams of light carry a physical quantity known as optical orbital angular momentum (OAM...

  8. Mechanics of Individual, Isolated Vortices in a Cuprate Superconductor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ophir M. Auslaender; Lan Luan; Eric W. J. Straver; Jennifer E. Hoffman; Nicholas C. Koshnick; Eli Zeldov; Douglas A. Bonn; Ruixing Liang; Walter N. Hardy; Kathryn A. Moler

    2008-09-16

    Superconductors often contain quantized microscopic whirlpools of electrons, called vortices, that can be modeled as one-dimensional elastic objects. Vortices are a diverse playground for condensed matter because of the interplay between thermal fluctuations, vortex-vortex interactions, and the interaction of the vortex core with the three-dimensional disorder landscape. While vortex matter has been studied extensively, the static and dynamic properties of an individual vortex have not. Here we employ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices in detwinned, single crystal YBa2Cu3O6.991 (YBCO), directly measuring the interaction of a moving vortex with the local disorder potential. We find an unexpected and dramatic enhancement of the response of a vortex to pulling when we wiggle it transversely. In addition, we find enhanced vortex pinning anisotropy that suggests clustering of oxygen vacancies in our sample and demonstrates the power of MFM to probe vortex structure and microscopic defects that cause pinning.

  9. Energy Density of Vortices in the Schroedinger Picture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. D. Laenge; M. Engelhardt; H. Reinhardt

    2003-01-31

    The one-loop energy density of an infinitely thin static magnetic vortex in SU(2) Yang-Mills theory is evaluated using the Schroedinger picture. Both the gluonic fluctuations as well as the quarks in the vortex background are included. The energy density of the magnetic vortex is discussed as a function of the magnetic flux. The center vortices correspond to local minima in the effective potential. These minima are degenerated with the perturbative vacuum if the fermions are ignored. Inclusion of fermions lifts this degeneracy, raising the vortex energy above the energy of the perturbative vacuum.

  10. Non-Abelian Global Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minoru Eto; Eiji Nakano; Muneto Nitta

    2009-03-09

    We study topologically stable non-Abelian global vortices in the U(N) linear sigma model. The profile functions of the solutions are numerically obtained. We investigate the behaviour of vortices in two limits in which masses of traceless or trace parts of massive bosons are much larger than the others. In the limit that the traceless parts are much heavier, we find a somewhat bizarre vortex solution carrying a non-integer U(1) winding number 1/\\sqrt{N} which is irrational in general.

  11. Graphene with geometrically induced vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiannis K. Pachos; Michael Stone; Kristan Temme

    2008-03-26

    At half filling, the electronic structure of graphene can be modelled by a pair of free two-dimensional Dirac fermions. We explicitly demonstrate that in the presence of a geometrically induced gauge field, an everywhere-real Kekule modulation of the hopping matrix elements can correspond to a non-real Higgs field with non-trivial vorticity. This provides a natural setting for fractionally charged vortices with localized zero modes. For fullerene-like molecules we employ the index theorem to demonstrate the existence of six low-lying states that do not depend strongly on the Kekule-induced mass gap.

  12. The Butterfly Effect on Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  13. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  14. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  15. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  16. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  17. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  18. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  19. Reversing the Circulation of Magnetic Vortices

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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  20. Combustor with multistage internal vortices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shang, Jer Yu; Harrington, R.E.

    1987-05-01

    A fluidized bed combustor is provided with a multistage arrangement of vortex generators in the freeboard area. The vortex generators are provided by nozzle means which extend into the interior of the freeboard for forming vortices within the freeboard areas to enhance the combustion of particulate material entrained in product gases ascending into the freeboard from the fluidized bed. Each of the nozzles are radially inwardly spaced from the combustor walls defining the freeboard to provide for the formation of an essentially vortex-free, vertically extending annulus about the vortices whereby the particulate material centrifuged from the vortices against the inner walls of the combustor is returned through the annulus to the fluidized bed. By adjusting the vortex pattern within the freeboard, a significant portion of the full cross-sectional area of the freeboard except for the peripheral annulus can be contacted with the turbulent vortical flow for removing the particulate material from the gaseous products and also for enhancing the combustion thereof within the freeboard. 2 figs.

  1. Observation of half-quantum vortices in superfluid 3He

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Autti, S; Eltsov, V B; Makinen, J; Volovik, G E; Yudin, A N; Zavjalov, V V

    2015-01-01

    Recently the new phase of the superfluid 3He has been reported to exist in the aerogel-like structure (nafen) - the so-called polar phase [1]. As distinct from the other phases - the chiral superfluid 3He-A with Weyl nodes and the fully gapped topological 3He-B with Dirac nodes on the surface - the polar phase has Dirac nodal line in bulk and dispersionless band of Andreev-Majorana fermions on the surface [2]. The polar phase can support exotic objects - the half-quantum vortices (HQV) with unpaired Majoranas in their cores [3-5] Originally the HQVs have been predicted to exist in the Weyl superfluid 3He-A [6,7], but still they have not been observed there due to unfavorable combination of spin-orbit and magnetic anisotropy effects on the orientation of the order parameter. In nafen, if the magnetic field is absent or is oriented parallel to nafen strands, the half-quantum vortices win over the conventional single-quantum vortices. We cool down a sample of nafen through transition to the polar phase in rotati...

  2. Linear water waves with vorticity: rotational features and particle paths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mats Ehrnstrom; Gabriele Villari

    2007-12-04

    Steady linear gravity waves of small amplitude travelling on a current of constant vorticity are found. For negative vorticity we show the appearance of internal waves and vortices, wherein the particle trajectories are not any more closed ellipses. For positive vorticity the situation resembles that of Stokes waves, but for large vorticity the trajectories are affected.

  3. Lensless Imaging of Magnetic Nanostructures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Print Magnetism is useful for many devices and techniques, from electric motors and computer hard drives to magnetic resonance imaging used in medicine. By studying...

  4. Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile...

  5. Bielectron vortices in gated graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Downing; M. E. Portnoi

    2015-06-14

    We study the formation of bound two-particle states in gapless monolayer graphene in gated structures. We find that, even in the regime of massless Dirac fermions, coupling can occur at zero-energy for different or same charge quasiparticles. These bipartite states must have a non-zero internal angular momentum, meaning that they only exist as stationary vortices. We propose a new picture of the experimentally seen Fermi velocity renormalization as a manifestation of these pairs, suggest the possibility of a condensate of these novel quasiparticles.

  6. Government Printing Office Requirements

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This section describes the Government Printing Office (GPO) requirements for all print materials, whether printed electronically or on paper. This includes requirements for printing and copying for...

  7. Traveling water waves with point vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kristoffer Varholm

    2015-03-20

    We construct small-amplitude solitary traveling gravity-capillary water waves with a finite number of point vortices along a vertical line, on finite depth. This is done using a local bifurcation argument. The properties of the resulting waves are also examined: We find that they depend significantly on the position of the point vortices in the water column.

  8. Modulated optical vortices Jennifer E. Curtis 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    Modulated optical vortices Jennifer E. Curtis 1 and David G. Grier Dept. of Physics, James Franck-beam optical gradient force traps created by focusing helical modes of light are known as optical vortices. Modulating the helical pitch of such a modes' wavefront yields a new class of optical traps whose dynamically

  9. Free Energy of thick Center Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ch. Korn; H. Reinhardt; T. Tok

    2005-08-05

    The free energy of thick center vortices is calculated in continuum Yang-Mills theory in one-loop approximation using the proper time regularization. The vortices are represented by Abelian gauge field configurations on the torus which satisfy twisted boundary conditions.

  10. Mechanics of Individual, Isolated Vortices in a Cuprate Superconductor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auslaender, M.

    2010-05-25

    Superconductors often contain quantized microscopic whirlpools of electrons, called vortices, that can be modeled as one-dimensional elastic objects. Vortices are a diverse playground for condensed matter because of the interplay between thermal fluctuations, vortex-vortex interactions, and the interaction of the vortex core with the three-dimensional disorder landscape. While vortex matter has been studied extensively, the static and dynamic properties of an individual vortex have not. Here we employ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices in detwinned, single crystal YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.991} (YBCO), directly measuring the interaction of a moving vortex with the local disorder potential. We find an unexpected and dramatic enhancement of the response of a vortex to pulling when we wiggle it transversely. In addition, we find enhanced vortex pinning anisotropy that suggests clustering of oxygen vacancies in our sample and demonstrates the power of MFM to probe vortex structure and microscopic defects that cause pinning.

  11. Scattering om two Aharonov-Bohm vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eugene Bogomolny

    2015-08-19

    The problem of two Aharonov-Bohm (AB) vortices for the Helmholtz equation is examined in detail. It is demonstrated that the method proposed in [J. M. Myers, J. Math. Phys. \\textbf{6}, 1839 (1963)] for diffraction on a slit can be generalized to get an explicit solution for AB vortices. Due to singular nature of AB interaction the Green function and the scattering amplitude for two AB vortices obey a series of partial differential equations. Coefficients entering these equations, in their turn, fulfill ordinary non-linear differential equations whose solutions can be obtained from a solution of the Painleve V (or III) equation. The asymptotics of necessary functions for very large and very small distances between two vortices are calculated explicitly. Taken together, it means that the problem of two AB vortices is integrable.

  12. Observation of half-quantum vortices in superfluid 3He

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Autti; V. V. Dmitriev; V. B. Eltsov; J. Makinen; G. E. Volovik; A. N. Yudin; V. V. Zavjalov

    2015-08-19

    Recently the new phase of the superfluid 3He has been reported to exist in the aerogel-like structure (nafen) - the so-called polar phase [1]. As distinct from the other phases - the chiral superfluid 3He-A with Weyl nodes and the fully gapped topological 3He-B with Dirac nodes on the surface - the polar phase has Dirac nodal line in bulk and dispersionless band of Andreev-Majorana fermions on the surface [2]. The polar phase can support exotic objects - the half-quantum vortices (HQV) with unpaired Majoranas in their cores [3-5] Originally the HQVs have been predicted to exist in the Weyl superfluid 3He-A [6,7], but still they have not been observed there due to unfavorable combination of spin-orbit and magnetic anisotropy effects on the orientation of the order parameter. In nafen, if the magnetic field is absent or is oriented parallel to nafen strands, the half-quantum vortices win over the conventional single-quantum vortices. We cool down a sample of nafen through transition to the polar phase in rotation up to 2.75\\,rad/s without magnetic field. Then the field is switched on, and in the tilted field we observe a satellite peak in the NMR spectrum. Dependence of the satellite on the rotation velocity, temperature and the field orientation is in agreement with our calculations of spin-wave resonances from bound pairs of pinned HQVs connected by solitons. Experiments also demonstrate that the HQVs formed under rotation are strongly pinned by the nafen strands.

  13. Topological BPS vortices in a Maxwell-Higgs model with a CPT-odd and Lorentz-violating nonminimal coupling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casana, Rodolfo; Mota, Alexsandro Lucena

    2015-01-01

    We have studied the existence of topological self-dual vortices in a nonminimal CPT-odd and Lorentz-violating Maxwell-Higgs model. The Lorentz-violating nonminimal interaction is introduced via a modification of the usual covariant derivative coupling the Higgs and the gauge sectors. The self-dual solutions behave similarly to the Abrikosov-Nielsen-Olesen vortices, are electrically neutral and their total energy is proportional to the quantized magnetic flux.

  14. Unconventional interaction between vortices in a polarized Fermi gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stojanovic, Vladimir M.; Vincent Liu, W. Kim, Yong Baek

    2008-04-15

    Recently, a homogeneous superfluid state with a single gapless Fermi surface was predicted to be the ground state of an ultracold Fermi gas with spin population imbalance in the regime of molecular Bose-Einstein condensation. We study vortices in this novel state using a symmetry-based effective field theory, which captures the low-energy physics of gapless fermions and superfluid phase fluctuations. This theory is applicable to all spin-imbalanced ultracold Fermi gases in the superfluid regime, regardless of whether the original fermion-pairing interaction is weak or strong. We find a remarkable, unconventional form of the interaction between vortices. The presence of gapless fermions gives rise to a spatially oscillating potential, akin to the RKKY indirect-exchange interaction in non-magnetic metals. We compare the parameters of the effective theory to the experimentally measurable quantities and further discuss the conditions for the verification of the predicted new feature. Our study opens up an interesting question as to the nature of the vortex lattice resulting from the competition between the usual repulsive logarithmic (2D Coulomb) and predominantly attractive fermion-induced interactions.

  15. On isolated vorticity regions beneath the water surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Octavian G. Mustafa

    2011-03-12

    We present a class of vorticity functions that will allow for isolated, circular vorticity regions in the background of still water preceding the arrival of a tsunami wave at the shoreline.

  16. Composite Optical Vortices Formed by Collinear Laguerre-Gauss Beams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Galvez, Enrique J. "Kiko"

    , Orbital Angular Momentum 1. INTRODUCTION The study of optical beams bearing phase singularities with phase vortices also adds a new dimension to the topic. Phase vortices have their main application, such as Laguerre-Gauss (LG) beams. Thus, the study of the superposition of beams bearing fundamental vortices

  17. Vortices in condensate mixtures Christophe Josserand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vortices in condensate mixtures Christophe Josserand Laboratoire de Modelisation en M Statistique de l'Ecole normale superieure, 24 Rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France In a condensate made of this observation. Thus if the two condensates are in slow relative translation one over the other, the composite

  18. Emergent vortices in populations of colloidal rollers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antoine Bricard; Jean-Baptiste-Caussin; Debasish Das; Charles Savoie; Vijayakumar Chikkadi; Kyohei Shitara; Oleksandr Chepizhko; Fernando Peruani; David Saintillan; Denis Bartolo

    2015-06-26

    Coherent vortical motion has been reported in a wide variety of populations including living organisms (bacteria, fishes, human crowds) and synthetic active matter (shaken grains, mixtures of biopolymers), yet a unified description of the formation and structure of this pattern remains lacking. Here we report the self-organization of motile colloids into a macroscopic steadily rotating vortex. Combining physical experiments and numerical simulations, we elucidate this collective behavior. We demonstrate that the emergent-vortex structure lives on the verge of a phase separation, and single out the very constituents responsible for this state of polar active matter. Building on this observation, we establish a continuum theory and lay out a strong foundation for the description of vortical collective motion in a broad class of motile populations constrained by geometrical boundaries.

  19. Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure...

  20. Chiral Self-Gravitating Cosmic Vortices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rybakov, Yu.P. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Russian University of Peoples' Friendship, ul. Miklukho-Maklaya 6, Moscow, 117198 (Russian Federation)

    2005-06-01

    In the framework of general relativity, an exact axisymmetric (vortex) solution of the equations of motion is obtained for the SU(2) symmetric sigma model. This solution is characterized by the topological charge (winding number) and angular deficit. In the linearized approximation, the Lyapunov stability of vortices is proved and the deflection angle of a light ray in the gravitational field of the vortex (gravitational lens effect) is calculated.

  1. A Measure of Flow Vorticity with Helical Beams of Light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosales-Guzmn, Aniceto Belmonte Carmelo

    2015-01-01

    Vorticity describes the spinning motion of a fluid, i.e., the tendency to rotate, at every point in a flow. The interest in performing accurate and localized measurements of vorticity reflects the fact that many of the quantities that characterize the dynamics of fluids are intimately bound together in the vorticity field, being an efficient descriptor of the velocity statistics in many flow regimes. It describes the coherent structures and vortex interactions that are at the leading edge of laminar, transitional, and turbulent flows in nature. The measurement of vorticity is of paramount importance in many research fields as diverse as biology microfluidics, complex motions in the oceanic and atmospheric boundary layers, and wake turbulence on fluid aerodynamics. However, the precise measurement of flow vorticity is difficult. Here we put forward an optical sensing technique to obtain a direct measurement of vorticity in fluids using Laguerre-Gauss (LG) beams, optical beams which show an azimuthal phase vari...

  2. Windows XP - LPR Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dbrown

    2004-07-27

    Printer Setup in Windows XP. To print to the math department printers in Windows XP, Print Services for Unix must be installed. To begin installation of

  3. Stabilization of Majorana Modes in Magnetic Vortices in the Supercondu...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Date: 2012-12-01 OSTI Identifier: 1102478 Type: Publisher's Accepted Manuscript Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Additional Journal Information: Journal Volume: 109;...

  4. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthern

  5. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthernNot All

  6. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthernNot AllNot All

  7. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthernNot AllNot

  8. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthernNot AllNotNot

  9. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthernNot

  10. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shinesSolarNew scholarshipThreeFebruaryMuseum LobbyThousandNorthernNotNot All

  11. Not All Nanodisk Magnetic Vortices Are Created Equally

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesofPublications64NewsroomNontoxic quantum

  12. Climate Science in the Tropics: Waves, Vortices, Boualem Khouider1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stechmann, Samuel N.

    Climate Science in the Tropics: Waves, Vortices, and PDEs Boualem Khouider1 , Andrew J Majda2 and climate on the entire globe, yet contemporary operational computer models are often deficient.10 Keywords: Climate science, Tropical meteorology, waves, vortices, convection, PDEs, MJO, GCMs, tropical

  13. First-Order Transition in the Magnetic Vortex Matter in Superconducting MgB2 Tuned by Disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    First-Order Transition in the Magnetic Vortex Matter in Superconducting MgB2 Tuned by Disorder T such as Wigner crystals, charge density waves, magnetic bubble arrays, or vortices in type-II superconductors posi- tional correlations. Vortices in superconductors rapidly became the system of choice

  14. Discrete solitons and vortices on anisotropic lattices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevrekidis, P.G. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts 01003-4515 (United States); Frantzeskakis, D.J. [Department of Physics, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, Athens 15784 (Greece); Carretero-Gonzalez, R. [Nonlinear Dynamical Systems Group, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, and Computational Science Research Center, San Diego State University, San Diego, California 92182-7720 (United States); Malomed, B.A. [Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, School of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Bishop, A.R. [Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2005-10-01

    We consider the effects of anisotropy on solitons of various types in two-dimensional nonlinear lattices, using the discrete nonlinear Schroedinger equation as a paradigm model. For fundamental solitons, we develop a variational approximation that predicts that broad quasicontinuum solitons are unstable, while their strongly anisotropic counterparts are stable. By means of numerical methods, it is found that, in the general case, the fundamental solitons and simplest on-site-centered vortex solitons ('vortex crosses') feature enhanced or reduced stability areas, depending on the strength of the anisotropy. More surprising is the effect of anisotropy on the so-called 'super-symmetric' intersite-centered vortices ('vortex squares'), with the topological charge S equal to the square's size M: we predict in an analytical form by means of the Lyapunov-Schmidt theory, and confirm by numerical results, that arbitrarily weak anisotropy results in dramatic changes in the stability and dynamics in comparison with the degenerate, in this case, isotropic, limit.

  15. Printing Instructions for MobilePrint Using Web Release

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boonstra, Rudy

    Printing Instructions for MobilePrint Using Web Release: Step 1: Navigate to the MobilePrint Portal in the Web Release window, as shown below. DO NOT click print, or your document will be sent directly document using MobilePrint Web Release Select the printer you wish to print to. By default, the last

  16. Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Magnetic Vortex Core Reversal by Low-Field Excitations Print Wednesday, 28 March 2007 00:00 In micrometer-sized magnetic thin...

  17. Bose-Einstein condensates of polaritons: Vortices and superfluidity...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bose-Einstein condensates of polaritons: Vortices and superfluidity May 10, 2011 at 3:00PM36-428 Benoit Deveaud-Pldran Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne abstract: The...

  18. Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump Mathias Otto

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump Mathias Otto University of Magdeburg. The given data represents a high resolution simulation of a centrifugal pump used to transport liquids

  19. Instanton Solutions from Abelian Sinh-Gordon and Tzitzeica Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Felipe Contatto; Daniele Dorigoni

    2015-09-22

    We study the Abelian Higgs vortex solutions to the sinh-Gordon equation and the elliptic Tzitzeica equation. Starting from these particular vortices, we construct solutions to the Taubes equation with higher vortex number, on surfaces with conical singularities. We then, analyse more general properties of vortices on such singular surfaces and propose a method to obtain vortices on conifolds from vortices on surfaces of revolution. We apply our method to construct explicit vortex solutions on the Poincar\\'e disk with a conical singularity in the centre, to which we refer as the "hyperbolic cone". We uplift the Abelian sinh-Gordon and Tzitzeica vortex solutions to four dimensions and construct cylindrically symmetric, self-dual Yang-Mills instantons on a non-self-dual (nor anti-self-dual) $4$-dimensional K\\"ahler manifold with non-vanishing scalar curvature. The instantons we construct in this way cannot be obtained via a twistorial approach.

  20. EFFECTS OF DUST FEEDBACK ON VORTICES IN PROTOPLANETARY DISKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fu, Wen; Liang, Edison; Li, Hui; Li, Shengtai; Lubow, Stephen

    2014-11-10

    We carried out two-dimensional, high-resolution simulations to study the effect of dust feedback on the evolution of vortices induced by massive planets in protoplanetary disks. Various initial dust to gas disk surface density ratios (0.001-0.01) and dust particle sizes (Stokes number 4 10{sup 4}-0.16) are considered. We found that while dust particles migrate inward, vortices are very effective at collecting them. When dust density becomes comparable to gas density within the vortex, a dynamical instability is excited and it alters the coherent vorticity pattern and destroys the vortex. This dust feedback effect is stronger with a higher initial dust/gas density ratio and larger dust grain. Consequently, we found that the disk vortex lifetime can be reduced up to a factor of 10. We discuss the implications of our findings on the survivability of vortices in protoplanetary disks and planet formation.

  1. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 000, 000000 (0000) Printed 5 August 2005 (MN LATEX style file v2.2) Solar coronal heating by magnetic cancellation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parnell, Clare E.

    .2) Solar coronal heating by magnetic cancellation: I. connected equal bipoles B. von Rekowski , C. E percent of the heat- ing of the quiet-Sun corona, assuming 3 1023 erg/s for the heating rate and 2 hours rate. In order to find out the contribution to heat- ing by XBPs, one needs to know the rate o

  2. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 000, 131 (2012) Printed 27 June 2012 (MN LATEX style file v2.2) Stokes IQUV Magnetic Doppler Imaging of Ap stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    IQUV Magnetic Doppler Imaging of Ap stars I. ESPaDOnS and NARVAL Observations J. Silvester1,2 , G, corresponding to 297 individual polarised spectra, have been obtained for 7 bright Ap stars using the ESPa generation of surface maps of Ap stars, this study estab- lishes the performance and stability of the ESPa

  3. Non-Abelian Vortices with a Twist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forgcs, Pter; Schaposnik, Fidel A

    2015-01-01

    Non-Abelian flux-tube (string) solutions carrying global currents are found in the bosonic sector of 4-dimensional N=2 super-symmetric gauge theories. The specific model considered here posseses U(2)local x SU(2)global symmetry, with two scalar doublets in the fundamental representation of SU(2). We construct string solutions that are stationary and translationally symmetric along the x3 direction, and they are characterized by a matrix phase between the two doublets, referred to as "twist". Consequently, twisted strings have nonzero (global) charge, momentum, and in some cases even angular momentum per unit length. The planar cross section of a twisted string corresponds to a rotationally symmetric, charged non-Abelian vortex, satisfying 1st order Bogomolny-type equations and 2nd order Gauss-constraints. Interestingly, depending on the nature of the matrix phase, some of these solutions even break rotational symmetry in R3. Although twisted vortices have higher energy than the untwisted ones, they are expect...

  4. Non-Abelian Vortices with a Twist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Forgacs; Arpad Lukacs; Fidel A. Schaposnik

    2015-05-22

    Non-Abelian flux-tube (string) solutions carrying global currents are found in the bosonic sector of 4-dimensional N=2 super-symmetric gauge theories. The specific model considered here posseses U(2)local x SU(2)global symmetry, with two scalar doublets in the fundamental representation of SU(2). We construct string solutions that are stationary and translationally symmetric along the x3 direction, and they are characterized by a matrix phase between the two doublets, referred to as "twist". Consequently, twisted strings have nonzero (global) charge, momentum, and in some cases even angular momentum per unit length. The planar cross section of a twisted string corresponds to a rotationally symmetric, charged non-Abelian vortex, satisfying 1st order Bogomolny-type equations and 2nd order Gauss-constraints. Interestingly, depending on the nature of the matrix phase, some of these solutions even break rotational symmetry in R3. Although twisted vortices have higher energy than the untwisted ones, they are expected to be linearly stable since one can maintain their charge (or twist) fixed with respect to small perturbations.

  5. Analytic torsion, vortices and positive Ricci curvature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berman, Robert J

    2010-01-01

    We characterize the global maximizers of a certain non-local functional defined on the space of all positively curved metrics on an ample line bundle L over a Kahler manifold X. This functional is an adjoint version, introduced by Berndtsson, of Donaldson's L-functional and generalizes the Ding-Tian functional whose critical points are Kahler-Einstein metrics of positive Ricci curvature. Applications to (1) analytic torsions on Fano manifolds (2) Chern-Simons-Higgs vortices on tori and (3) Kahler geometry are given. In particular, proofs of conjectures of (1) Gillet-Soul\\'e and Fang (concerning the regularized determinant of Dolbeault Laplacians on the two-sphere) (2) Tarantello and (3) Aubin (concerning Moser-Trudinger type inequalities) in these three settings are obtained. New proofs of some results in Kahler geometry are also obtained, including a lower bound on Mabuchi's K-energy and the uniqueness result for Kahler-Einstein metrics on Fano manifolds of Bando-Mabuchi. This paper is a substantially extend...

  6. Compact organic vapor jet printing print head

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R; McGraw, Gregory

    2013-12-24

    A first device is provided. The first device includes a print head, and a first gas source hermetically sealed to the print head. The print header further includes a first layer comprising a plurality of apertures, each aperture having a smallest dimension of 0.5 to 500 microns. A second layer is bonded to the first layer. The second layer includes a first via in fluid communication with the first gas source and at least one of the apertures. The second layer is made of an insulating material.

  7. Hole pairing from attraction of opposite chirality spin vortices: Non-BCS superconductivity in Underdoped Cuprates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. A. Marchetti; F. Ye; Z. B. Su; L. Yu

    2011-05-25

    Within a gauge approach to the t-J model, we propose a new, non-BCS mechanism of superconductivity for underdoped cuprates. We implement the no-double occupancy constraint with a (semionic) slave-particle formalism. The dopant generates a vortex-like quantum distortion of the AF background centered on the empty sites, with opposite chirality for cores on the two N\\'eel sublattices. Empty sites are described in terms of spinless fermionic holons and the long-range attraction between spin vortices on two opposite N\\'eel sublattices is the holon pairing force, leading eventually to SC. The spin fluctuations are described by bosonic spinons with a gap generated by scattering on spin vortices. Due to the occupation constraint, there is a gauge attraction between holon and spinon, binding them into a physical hole. Through gauge interaction the spin vortex attraction induces the formation of spin-singlet RVB pairs reducing the spinon gap. Lowering T, there are two crossovers as precursors of the SC transition: at the higher one a gas of holon pairs appears, reducing the hole spectral weight, while at the lower one a gas of spinon pairs also appears, giving rise to a gas of incoherent preformed hole pairs with magnetic vortices in the plasma phase, supporting a Nernst signal. At an even lower T the hole pairs become coherent and SC appears beyond a critical doping. The proposed SC mechanism is not of the BCS-type, because it involves a gain in kinetic energy (lowering of spinon gap) and it is "almost" of the classical 3D XY-type. Since both the spinon gap and the holon pairing originate from the same term in the slave-particle representation of the t-J model, this approach incorporates a strong interplay between AF and SC, giving rise to a universal relation between Tc and the energy of the resonance mode, as observed in neutron scattering experiments.

  8. Transverse commensurability effect for vortices on periodic pinning arrays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reichhardt, Charles; Reichhardt, Cynthia J

    2008-01-01

    Using computer simulations, we demonstrate a type of commensurability that occurs for vortices moving longitudinally through periodic pinning arrays in the presence of an additional transverse driving force. As a function of vortex density, there is a series of broad maxima in the transverse critical depinning force that do not fall at the matching fields where the number of vortices equals an integer multiple of the number of pinning sites. The commensurability effects are associated with dynamical states in which evenly spaced structures consisting of one or more moving rows of vortices form between rows of pinning sites. Remarkably, the critical transverse depinning force can be more than an order of magnitude larger than the longitudinal depinning force.

  9. Analysis and identification of vortices within a turbulent channel boundary layer flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroni Veiga, Adrian Gaston

    2006-08-16

    understanding of the drag reduction mechanism is still lacking. Vortices play an important role in turbulence structure. Nevertheless, the identification of vortices is still unclear, not even a universal definition of a vortex is accepted. In the present study...

  10. Primary crossflow vortices, secondary absolute instabilities and their control in the rotating-disk boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Primary crossflow vortices, secondary absolute instabilities and their control in the rotating patterns of crossflow vortices are derived by employing asymptotic techniques. This approach accounts three-dimensional velocity profiles, are subject to inviscid crossflow in- stabilities and rapidly

  11. The influence of convective activity on the vorticity budget

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Tamara L

    1987-01-01

    . Continued. ~E' i~ QE I ~ tt Jtm a tt NE v~ l / tmt ta' NE ~~f IIIY G NE~~ NE a/+ NE NE NE NE 1st NE Fig. 13. Radar summary for 1435 GNT 10 Apri. l 1979. NE I l. c I E j~7 ~ NE NE MP- Qo+ Fig. 14. Radar summary for 2235 GMT 10 April 1979... experiment. 15 3 Average values of terms in the vorticity equation for a convective (Area 1) and a nonconvective (Area 2) area during AVE VII. Units of 10 s 145 4 Average values of terms in the vorticity equation for a convective (Area 1) and a...

  12. A Climatology of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices in the Rapid Update Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Richard H.

    A Climatology of Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices in the Rapid Update Cycle ERIC P. JAMES of mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) occurring in the state of Oklahoma during the late spring and summer, true MCVs represent only about 20% of the mesoscale relative vorticity maxima detected by the algorithm

  13. The stability of a two-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    The stability of a two-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain Article Published-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 230 (1). pp. 647-665. ISSN 0022-dimensional vorticity filament under uniform strain By D. G. DRITSCHEL, P.H. HAYNES, M. N. JUCKES? AND T. G. SHEPHERDS

  14. Examination of wind speed thresholds for vorticity-driven lateral fire spread

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Jason

    , to specifically consider the effect of wind speed in generating the fire-induced vorticity necessary to drive wind speed, below which the prevailing winds are too weak to drive the vorticity-generating interactionExamination of wind speed thresholds for vorticity-driven lateral fire spread J.J. Sharples a , C

  15. 3D Printing Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stryk, Oskar von

    the top six were granted further funding by DARPA and were also given an ATLAS robot to continue is the connectivity. Here in the US everyone assumes high ... Boeing Utilizing Sigma Labs (SGLB) "PrintRite3D" System for 3D Printing · -- B6 Sigma Labs (ticker SGLB) is not the same company as Sigma Technologies

  16. Quantized vortices in an excitonpolariton K. G. LAGOUDAKIS1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    of superflows and the proliferation of quantized vortices1 . The achievement of BoseEinstein condensation and well-controlled environment. In the solid state, BoseEinstein condensation of exciton polaritons has-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) of dilute atomic gases and in quasi-two-dimensional BECs where

  17. Vortices in rotating systems: Centrifugal, elliptic and hyperbolic type instabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauga, Eric

    Vortices in rotating systems: Centrifugal, elliptic and hyperbolic type instabilities D. Sipp, E and centrifugal instabilities. A complete picture of the short-wave stability properties of the flow is given that anticyclones undergo centrifugal instability if the Rossby number verifies Ro 1, elliptic instability for all

  18. Tilted Baroclinic Tidal Vortices MIGUEL CANALS AND GENO PAWLAK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacCready, Parker

    Tilted Baroclinic Tidal Vortices MIGUEL CANALS AND GENO PAWLAK Department of Ocean and Resources coherence. It is suggested that this may lead to a conversion of potential energy into kinetic energy. 1 mixing of coastal waters (Mul- ler and Garrett 2003). Of particular importance is the tidally driven case

  19. Experimental detection of optical vortices with a Shack-Hartmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dainty, Chris

    Experimental detection of optical vortices with a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor Kevin Murphy and a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor is utilised to measure the slopes of the wavefront surface. A matched filter algorithm determines the positions of the Shack-Hartmann spot centroids more robustly than

  20. Two-component equations modelling water waves with constant vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joachim Escher; David Henry; Boris Kolev; Tony Lyons

    2014-09-30

    In this paper we derive a two-component system of nonlinear equations which model two-dimensional shallow water waves with constant vorticity. Then we prove well-posedness of this equation using a geometrical framework which allows us to recast this equation as a geodesic flow on an infinite dimensional manifold. Finally, we provide a criteria for global existence.

  1. Theory of static and dynamic antiferromagnetic vortices in LSCO superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jiangping

    Theory of static and dynamic antiferromagnetic vortices in LSCO superconductors Jiang-Ping Hu, Shou. Here we review theoretical progress since the original proposal and present a theory of static experimental definition of the AFVS, where static AF order coexists with the vortex state of the superconductor

  2. Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Hllwieser

    2015-08-11

    We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.

  3. Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Hllwieser

    2015-08-05

    We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.

  4. Colorful plane vortices and Chiral Symmetry Breaking in $SU(2)$ Lattice Gauge Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Manfried Faber; Roman Hllwieser

    2015-09-25

    We investigate plane vortices with color structure. The topological charge and gauge action of such colorful plane vortices are studied in the continuum and on the lattice. These configurations are vacuum to vacuum transitions changing the winding number between the two vacua, leading to a topological charge $Q=-1$ in the continuum. After growing temporal extent of these vortices, the lattice topological charge approaches $-1$ and the index theorem is fulfilled. We analyze the low lying modes of the overlap Dirac operator in the background of these colorful plane vortices and compare them with those of spherical vortices. They show characteristic properties for spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking.

  5. Inkjet printed electronics using copper nanoparticle ink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jin Sung; Kim, Hak Sung; Ryu, Jongeun; Thomas Hahn, H.; Jang, Seonhee; Joung, Jae Woo

    2010-01-01

    providing printed electronics using copper nanoparticles.0049-3 Inkjet printed electronics using copper nanoparticleand quality of the printed electronics. In this paper, we

  6. Nonlinear motion of coupled magnetic vortices in ferromagnetic/non-magnetic/ferromagnetic trilayer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun, Su-Hyeong

    2010-01-01

    o f nanometer scale spintronic devices and memory devices [4]. In the realization o f spintronic and memory devices,

  7. Quantized vortices in interacting gauge theories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvatore Butera; Manuel Valiente; Patrik hberg

    2015-09-21

    We consider a two-dimensional weakly interacting ultracold Bose gas whose constituents are two-level atoms. We study the effects of a synthetic density-dependent gauge field that arises from laser-matter coupling in the adiabatic limit with a laser configuration such that the single-particle zero-order vector potential corresponds to a constant synthetic magnetic field. We find a new exotic type of current non-linearity in the Gross-Pitaevskii equation which affects the dynamics of the order parameter of the condensate. We investigate the rotational properties of this system, focusing in particular on the physical conditions that make the nucleation of a quantized vortex in the system energetically favourable with respect to the non rotating solution. We point out that two different physical interpretations can be given to this new non linearity: firstly it can be seen as a local modification of the mean field coupling constant, whose value depends on the angular momentum of the condensate. Secondly, it can be interpreted as a density modulated angular velocity given to the cloud. Looking at the problem from both of these viewpoints, we analyze the physical conditions that make a single vortex state energetically favourable. In the Thomas-Fermi limit, we show that the effect of the new nonlinearity is to induce a rotation to the condensate, where the transition from non-rotating to rotating states depends on the density of the cloud.

  8. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 000, 000--000 (0000) Printed 7 June 2001 (MN L A T E X style file v2.2) The magnetic field and wind confinement of fi Cephei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Donati, Jean-Franois

    .2) The magnetic field and wind confinement of fi Cephei: new clues for interpreting the Be phenomenon? J of the large scale magnetic field and of the associated magnetically confined wind and cir cumstellar field is strong enough to confine magnetically the wind of fi Cep up to a distance of about 8 to 9 R

  9. Spiral density wave generation by vortices in Keplerian flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Bodo; G. Chagelishvili; G. Murante; A. Tevzadze; P. Rossi; A. Ferrari

    2005-03-22

    We perform a detailed analytical and numerical study of the dynamics of perturbations (vortex/aperiodic mode, Rossby and spiral-density waves) in 2D compressible disks with a Keplerian law of rotation. We draw attention to the process of spiral-density wave generation from vortices, discussing, in particular, the initial, most peculiar stages of wave emission. We show that the linear phenomenon of wave generation by vortices in smooth (without inflection points) shear flows found by using the so-called non-modal approach, is directly applicable to the present case. After an analytical non-modal description of the physics and characteristics of the spiral-density wave generation/propagation in the local shearing-sheet model, we follow the process of wave generation by small amplitude coherent circular vortex structures, by direct global numerical simulation, describing the main features of the generated waves.

  10. Point Vortices: Finding Periodic Orbits and their Topological Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spencer A. Smith

    2015-10-22

    The motion of point vortices constitutes an especially simple class of solutions to Euler's equation for two dimensional, inviscid, incompressible, and irrotational fluids. In addition to their intrinsic mathematical importance, these solutions are also physically relevant. Rotating superfluid helium can support rectilinear quantized line vortices, which in certain regimes are accurately modeled by point vortices. Depending on the number of vortices, it is possible to have either regular integrable motion or chaotic motion. Thus, the point vortex model is one of the simplest and most tractable fluid models which exhibits some of the attributes of weak turbulence. The primary aim of this work is to find and classify periodic orbits, a special class of solutions to the point vortex problem. To achieve this goal, we introduce a number of algorithms: Lie transforms which ensure that the equations of motion are accurately solved; constrained optimization which reduces close return orbits to true periodic orbits; object-oriented representations of the braid group which allow for the topological comparison of periodic orbits. By applying these ideas, we accumulate a large data set of periodic orbits and their associated attributes. To render this set tractable, we introduce a topological classification scheme based on a natural decomposition of mapping classes. Finally, we consider some of the intriguing patterns which emerge in the distribution of periodic orbits in phase space. Perhaps the most enduring theme which arises from this investigation is the interplay between topology and geometry. The topological properties of a periodic orbit will often force it to have certain geometric properties.

  11. Scaling of Inkjet-Printed Transistors using Novel Printing Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tseng, Huai-Yuan

    2011-01-01

    studies on semiconductor material properties in this lengthProperties of Ink?Jet?Printed Silver Nanoparticulate Electrode and Organic Semiconductor,? Advanced Materials,Properties of Ink?Jet?Printed Silver Nanoparticulate Electrode and Organic Semiconductor,? Advanced Materials,

  12. Idea Generation 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stylianou, Yannis

    2012 Idea Generation 3D printing at nanoscale Cruising on electrical roads Pushing back against Centre micro and nanoscale 15 Taking 3D printing to the nanoscale 18 Fighting cancer with a "lab

  13. Content-adaptive lenticular prints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tompkin, James

    Lenticular prints are a popular medium for producing automultiscopic glasses-free 3D images. The light field emitted by such prints has a fixed spatial and angular resolution. We increase both perceived angular and spatial ...

  14. Organic vapor jet printing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R

    2012-10-23

    An organic vapor jet printing system includes a pump for increasing the pressure of an organic flux.

  15. Interaction of half-quantized vortices in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eto, Minoru; Kasamatsu, Kenichi; Nitta, Muneto; Takeuchi, Hiromitsu; Tsubota, Makoto

    2011-06-15

    We study the asymptotic interaction between two half-quantized vortices in two-component Bose-Einstein condensates. When two vortices in different components are placed at distance 2R, the leading order of the force between them is found to be (lnR/{xi}-1/2)/R{sup 3}, in contrast to 1/R between vortices placed in the same component. We derive it analytically using the Abrikosov ansatz and the profile functions of the vortices, confirmed numerically with the Gross-Pitaevskii model. We also find that the short-range cutoff of the intervortex potential linearly depends on the healing length.

  16. Active Vorticity Control in a Shear Flow Using a Flapping Foil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gopalkrishnan, R.

    1994-01-01

    It is shown experimentally that free shear flows can be substantially altered through direct control of the large coherent vortices present in the flow.

  17. Spin vortices in the Abelian-Higgs model with cholesteric vacuum structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, Adam; Tallarita, Gianni

    2015-01-01

    We continue the study of $U(1)$ vortices with cholesteric vacuum structure. A new class of solutions is found which represent global vortices of the internal spin field. These spin vortices are characterized by a non-vanishing angular dependence at spatial infinity, or winding. We show that despite the topological $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ behavior of $SO(3)$ windings, the topological charge of the spin vortices is of the $\\mathbb{Z}$ type in the cholesteric. We find these solutions numerically and discuss the properties derived from their low energy effective field theory in $1+1$ dimensions.

  18. Spin vortices in the Abelian-Higgs model with cholesteric vacuum structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adam Peterson; Mikhail Shifman; Gianni Tallarita

    2015-08-06

    We continue the study of $U(1)$ vortices with cholesteric vacuum structure. A new class of solutions is found which represent global vortices of the internal spin field. These spin vortices are characterized by a non-vanishing angular dependence at spatial infinity, or winding. We show that despite the topological $\\mathbb{Z}_2$ behavior of $SO(3)$ windings, the topological charge of the spin vortices is of the $\\mathbb{Z}$ type in the cholesteric. We find these solutions numerically and discuss the properties derived from their low energy effective field theory in $1+1$ dimensions.

  19. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics The Influence of Streamwise Vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 The Influence of Streamwise Vorticity of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved. #12;American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics

  20. IEEE ANTENNAS AND WIRELESS PROPAGATION LETTERS, VOL. 11, 2012 663 Monopole Antenna With Inkjet-Printed EBG Array

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    . The printed EBG array is placed above a copper sheet, forming an artificial magnetic conductor (AMC) reflector and more important because of the constantly increasing demand for tracking, navigation, mobile computing. In this letter, a microstrip monopole antenna, backed with an inkjet-printed EBG array and a metallic copper

  1. Inkjet-Printed Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles for Miniaturization of Flexible Printed RF Inductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    the inductor for flexible printed electronics. This flexible, miniaturized inductor can be coupledInkjet-Printed Ferromagnetic Nanoparticles for Miniaturization of Flexible Printed RF Inductors to apply ferromagnetic nanomaterial is investigated to produce a truly flexible, printed RF inductor

  2. WiPrint: 3D Printing Your Wireless Coverage Author: Justin Chan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WiPrint: 3D Printing Your Wireless Coverage Author: Justin Chan Advisor: Xia Zhou Dartmouth WiPrint, a novel approach to customiz- ing wireless signal maps using 3D printed glossy reflectors

  3. Formation mechanism of hairpin vortices in the wake of a truncated square cylinder in a duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dousset, Vincent

    2010-01-01

    We investigate the laminar shedding of hairpin vortices in the wake of a truncated square cylinder placed in a duct, for Reynolds numbers around the critical threshold of the onset of vortex shedding. We single out the formation mechanism of the hairpin vortices by means of a detailed analysis of the flow patterns in the steady regime. We show that unlike in previous studies of similar structures, the dynamics of the hairpin vortices is entwined with that of the counter-rotating pair of streamwise vortices, which we found to be generated in the bottom part of the near wake (these are usually referred to as base vortices). In particular, once the hairpin structure is released, the base vortices attach to it, forming its legs, so these are streamwise, and not spanwise as previously observed in unconfined wakes or behind cylinders of lower aspect ratios. We also single out a trail of Omega-shaped vortices, generated between successive hairpin vortices through a mechanism that is analogous to that active in near-...

  4. On the extrapolation of acoustic waves from flow simulations with vortical outflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    On the extrapolation of acoustic waves from flow simulations with vortical outflow M. C. M. Wright of Lighthill's acoustic analogy as a way to extrapolate radiated waves from simulations of unsteady flows acoustical predictions when entropy fluctuations or vorticity pass across the extrapolation surface

  5. c 2010 by Florin Bora. All rights reserved. QUANTIZED VORTICES IN ARBITRARY DIMENSIONS AND THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldbart, Paul M.

    . The vortices may be idealized as objects of co-dimension two, such as one-dimensional loops and two-dimensional closed surfaces, respectively, in the cases of three- and four-dimensional superfluidity. By using size. The motion of vortices is analyzed in general, as well as for the special cases of hyper

  6. Patterns of Precipitation and Mesolow Evolution in Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Richard H.

    Patterns of Precipitation and Mesolow Evolution in Midlatitude Mesoscale Convective Vortices ERIC P manifestations of mesoscale convective vortices (MCVs) that traversed Oklahoma during the periods MayAugust 2002 Profiler Network data. Forty-five MCVs that developed from mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) have been

  7. Z .Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans 28 1998 93105 Fluid transport by dipolar vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flr, Jan-Bert

    Z .Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans 28 1998 93105 Fluid transport by dipolar vortices I. Eames a forward, where C s1 for a Lamb's dipole. The results areM M applied to examine fluid transport by dipolar potential vorticity. q 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Fluid transport; Dipoles

  8. Complex Langevin simulation of quantum vortices in a Bose-Einstein condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomoya Hayata; Arata Yamamoto

    2015-11-04

    The ab-initio simulation of quantum vortices in a Bose-Einstein condensate is performed by adopting the complex Langevin techniques. We simulate the nonrelativistic boson field theory at finite chemical potential under rotation. In the superfluid phase, vortices are generated above a critical angular velocity and the circulation is clearly quantized even in the presence of quantum fluctuations.

  9. Structure of Optical Vortices Jennifer E. Curtis and David G. Grier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    Structure of Optical Vortices Jennifer E. Curtis and David G. Grier Dept. of Physics, James Franck: January 22, 2003) Helical modes of light can be focused into toroidal optical traps known as optical of optical vortices created with the dynamic holographic optical tweezer technique reveal an unsuspected

  10. Structure of Optical Vortices Jennifer E. Curtis and David G. Grier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    Structure of Optical Vortices Jennifer E. Curtis and David G. Grier Dept. of Physics, James Franck 1, 2012) Helical modes of light can be focused into toroidal optical traps known as optical vortices, which are capable of localizing and applying torques to small volumes of matter. Measurements of optical

  11. Modulated optical vortices Jennifer E. Curtis 1 and David G. Grier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grier, David

    Modulated optical vortices Jennifer E. Curtis 1 and David G. Grier Dept. of Physics, James Franckbeam optical gradient force traps created by focusing helical modes of light are known as optical vortices. Modulating the helical pitch of such a modes' wavefront yields a new class of optical traps whose dynamically

  12. Vorticity dynamics after the shockturbulence interaction

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Livescu, Daniel; Ryu, Jaiyoung

    2015-07-23

    In this article, the interaction of a shock wave with quasi-vortical isotropic turbulence (IT) represents a basic problem for studying some of the phenomena associated with high speed flows, such as hypersonic flight, supersonic combustion and Inertial Confinement Fusion (ICF). In general, in practical applications, the shock width is much smaller than the turbulence scales and the upstream turbulent Mach number is modest. In this case, recent high resolution shock-resolved Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) (Ryu and Livescu, J Fluid Mech 756, R1, 2014) show that the interaction can be described by the Linear Interaction Approximation (LIA). Using LIA to alleviatemorethe need to resolve the shock, DNS post-shock data can be generated at much higher Reynolds numbers than previously possible. Here, such results with Taylor Reynolds number approximately 180 are used to investigate the changes in the vortical structure as a function of the shock Mach number, Ms, up to Ms = 10. It is shown that, as Ms increases, the shock interaction induces a tendency towards a local axisymmetric state perpendicular to the shock front, which has a profound influence on the vortex-stretching mechanism and divergence of the Lamb vector and, ultimately, on the flow evolution away from the shock.less

  13. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1998 generate a magnetic flux amounting to half

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paetzel, Mark

    of the superconductor and so in the number of magnetic vortices threaded through the superconducting disc. Here, the PME. The magnetic moment of such a superconducting loop should indeedactlikeaparamagnet,asitalignspar- allel superconductors such as niobium. Again, to test ideas about how this could happen in mesoscopic grains, we need

  14. Part removal of 3D printed parts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pea Doll, Mateo

    2014-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to understand the correlation between printing parameters in the FDM 3D printing process, and the force required to remove a part from the build platform of a 3D printing using a patent ...

  15. Cool Magnetic Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortalCool Magnetic Molecules PrintCool Magnetic

  16. Monolithically integrated Helmholtz coils by 3-dimensional printing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Longguang [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of MichiganShanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Abedini-Nassab, Roozbeh; Yellen, Benjamin B., E-mail: yellen@duke.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering, University of MichiganShanghai Jiao Tong University Joint Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240 (China); Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, P.O. Box 90300, Hudson Hall, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

    2014-06-23

    3D printing technology is of great interest for the monolithic fabrication of integrated systems; however, it is a challenge to introduce metallic components into 3D printed molds to enable broader device functionality. Here, we develop a technique for constructing a multi-axial Helmholtz coil by injecting a eutectic liquid metal Gallium Indium alloy (EGaIn) into helically shaped orthogonal cavities constructed in a 3D printed block. The tri-axial solenoids each carry up to 3.6?A of electrical current and produce magnetic field up to 70?G. Within the central section of the coil, the field variation is less than 1% and is in agreement with theory. The flow rates and critical pressures required to fill the 3D cavities with liquid metal also agree with theoretical predictions and provide scaling trends for filling the 3D printed parts. These monolithically integrated solenoids may find future applications in electronic cell culture platforms, atomic traps, and miniaturized chemical analysis systems based on nuclear magnetic resonance.

  17. Existence of Optical Vortices in Saturable Non-linearity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano Medina

    2015-05-22

    Optical propagation in non-linear media and the formation of optical vortices as dark holes is an area of extensive research in modern optical physics. Governed by a non-linear Schr\\"odinger equation, with self-focusing saturable non-linearity, we establish an existence theory for a unique class of spatially localized beams describing ring-profile vortex solitons. Our first type of results are established via a constrained minimization problem. We prove the existence of positive radially symmetric solutions and give necessary conditions restricting the wave propagation constant in terms of the topological charge and saturation constant. As demanded by beam confinement, we prove the exponential decay of the soliton amplitude at infinity. Secondly, we use a min-max technique to prove the existence of additional non-trivial solutions that arise as saddle-points of a corresponding indefinite action functional.

  18. Pennsylvania Company Develops Solar Cell Printing Technology

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The technology uses Plextronics conductive inks that can be printed by manufacturers worldwide to make solar cells, potentially as easily as they might print a newspaper.

  19. SciTech Connect: "3d printing"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    3d printing" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "3d printing" Semantic Semantic Term Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator ...

  20. Vortex Zero Modes, Large Flux Limit and Ambjrn-Nielsen-Olesen Magnetic Instabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefano Bolognesi; Chandrasekhar Chatterjee; Sven Bjarke Gudnason; Kenichi Konishi

    2014-09-23

    In the large flux limit vortices become flux tubes with almost constant magnetic field in the interior region. This occurs in the case of non-Abelian vortices as well, and the study of such configurations allows us to reveal a close relationship between vortex zero modes and the gyromagnetic instabilities of vector bosons in a strong background magnetic field discovered by Nielsen, Olesen and Ambj{\\o}rn. The BPS vortices are exactly at the onset of this instability, and the dimension of their moduli space is precisely reproduced in this way. We present a unifying picture in which, through the study of the linear spectrum of scalars, fermions and W bosons in the magnetic field background, the expected number of translational, orientational, fermionic as well as semilocal zero modes is correctly reproduced in all cases.

  1. X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    X-Ray Diffraction Microscopy of Magnetic Structures Print science brief icon Scientists working at ALS Beamline 12.0.2.2 have demonstrated a new x-ray technique for producing...

  2. Page | 1 Managed Print Project Outline Pull Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    in power and reductions in total print volume. 2. Reduce costs by implementing a cost the completion of these initiatives. The UK government's introduction of the Carbon Reduction Commitments (CRC.0 Project Outline Following a number of pilot exercises, the University is preparing to move to new printing

  3. CMB anisotropies from primordial inhomogeneous magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antony Lewis

    2004-08-19

    Primordial inhomogeneous magnetic fields of the right strength can leave a signature on the CMB temperature anisotropy and polarization. Potentially observable contributions to polarization B-modes are generated by vorticity and gravitational waves sourced by the magnetic anisotropic stress. We compute the corresponding CMB transfer functions in detail including the effect of neutrinos. The shear rapidly causes the neutrino anisotropic stress to cancel the stress from the magnetic field, suppressing the production of gravitational waves and vorticity on super-horizon scales after neutrino decoupling. A significant large scale signal from tensor modes can only be produced before neutrino decoupling, and the actual amplitude is somewhat uncertain. Plausible values suggest primordial nearly scale invariant fields of ~ 10^(-10)G today may be observable from their large scale tensor anisotropy. They can be distinguished from primordial gravitational waves by their non-Gaussianity. Vector mode vorticity sources B-mode power on much smaller scales with a power spectrum somewhat similar to that expected from weak lensing, suggesting amplitudes ~ 10^(-9)G may be observable on small scales for a spectral index of n ~ -2.9. In the appendix we review the covariant equations for computing the vector and tensor CMB power spectra that we implement numerically.

  4. Non existence of vortices in the small density region of a condensate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amandine Aftalion; Robert L. Jerrard; Jimena Royo-Letelier

    2010-12-08

    In this paper, we answer a question raised by Len Pitaevskii and prove that the ground state of the Gross-Pitaevskii energy describing a Bose Einstein condensate at low rotation does not have vortices in the low density region. Therefore, the first ground state with vortices has its vortices in the bulk. This is obtained by proving that for small rotational velocities, the ground state is multiple of the ground state with zero rotation. We rely on sharp bounds of the decay of the wave function combined with weighted jacobian estimates.

  5. Nuclear vorticity and the low-energy nuclear response - Towards the neutron drip line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Papakonstantinou; J. Wambach; E. Mavrommatis; V. Yu. Ponomarev

    2004-11-16

    The transition density and current provide valuable insight into the nature of nuclear vibrations. Nuclear vorticity is a quantity related to the transverse transition current. In this work, we study the evolution of the strength distribution, related to density fluctuations, and the vorticity strength distribution, as the neutron drip line is approached. Our results on the isoscalar, natural-parity multipole response of Ni isotopes, obtained by using a self-consistent Skyrme-Hartree-Fock + Continuum RPA model, indicate that, close to the drip line, the low-energy response is dominated by L>1 vortical transitions.

  6. Shear and Vorticity in an Accelerating Brans-Dicke Lambda-Universe with Torsion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcelo Samuel Berman

    2008-08-06

    We study accelerating Universes with power-law scale-factors. We include shear and vorticity, a cosmological "constant" term, and spin from torsion, as in Einstein-Cartan's theory when a scalar-field of Brans-Dicke type acts in the model. We find a "no-hair" result, for shear and vorticity; we also make contact with the alternative Machian picture of the Universe. Keywords: Cosmology; Einstein; Brans-Dicke; Cosmological term; Shear; Spin; Vorticity; Inflation; Einstein-Cartan; Torsion; Accelerating Universe

  7. Collapse and backward motion of axisymmetric toroidal vortices in an accretion flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bannikova, E. Yu.; Kontorovich, V. M.; Poslavsky, S. A.

    2013-08-15

    The problem of the interaction of two coaxial, counter-rotating ring vortices in the presence of a convergent (accretion) flow with a sink at the center of symmetry has been solved. The vortices that would recede from each other in the absence of a flow (the problem inverse to the Helmholtz problem) are shown to be brought closer together by the flow and then ejected with acceleration along the axis of symmetry. The ejection velocity increases with sink strength. However, if the sink strength exceeds some critical value that depends on the initial conditions, then no ejection occurs and the vortices are captured by the flow and collapse. A similar capture and collapse are also possible during the motion of a single vortex in a flow. The difference from the planar case, where no collapse occurs, is significant. The detected phenomenon can be applied when studying nonlinear processes in atmospheric vortices as well as in active galactic nuclei and planetary atmospheres.

  8. Friction and Diapycnal Mixing at a Slope: Boundary Control of Potential Vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benthuysen, Jessica

    Although atmospheric forcing by wind stress or buoyancy flux is known to change the oceans potential vorticity (PV) at the surface, less is understood about PV modification in the bottom boundary layer. The adjustment of ...

  9. A Climatology of the Tropospheric Thermal Stratification Using Saturation Potential Vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Climatology of the Tropospheric Thermal Stratification Using Saturation Potential Vorticity the local thermal stratification. Convectively neutral air masses are common not only in the Tropics in winter. 1. Introduction The thermal stratification of the troposphere influ- ences the energies

  10. A potential vorticity diagnostic approach to upper-level frontogenesis within a devloping baroclinic wave

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wandishin, Matthew Scott

    1998-01-01

    growth. In potential vorticity (PV) thinking, frontogenesis is more appropriately viewed in terms of tropopause folding: changes in the temperature field are implied by the reorientation of the PV field. Consequently, a method to diagnose tropopause...

  11. Contributions of the center vortices and vacuum domain in potentials between static sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seyed Mohsen Hosseini Nejad; Sedigheh Deldar

    2015-03-04

    In this paper, we study the role of the domain structure of the Yang Mills vacuum. The Casimir scaling and $N$-ality are investigated in the potentials between static sources in various representations for $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ gauge groups based on the domain structure model using square ansatz for angle $\\alpha_{C}(x)$. We also discuss about the contributions of the vacuum domain and center vortices in the static potentials. As a result, the potentials obtained from vacuum domains agree with Casimir scaling better than the ones obtained from center vortices. The reasons of these observations are investigated by studying the behavior of the potentials obtained from vacuum domains and center vortices and the properties of the group factors. Then, the vacuum domains in $SU(N)$ and $G(2)$ gauge groups are compared and we argue that the $G(2)$ vacuum is filled with center vortices of its subgroups.

  12. CO-CIRCULAR RELATIVE EQUILIBRIA OF FOUR VORTICES JONATHAN GOMEZ, ALEXANDER GUTIERREZ, JOHN LITTLE, ROBERTO PELAYO,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, John B.

    CO-CIRCULAR RELATIVE EQUILIBRIA OF FOUR VORTICES JONATHAN GOMEZ, ALEXANDER GUTIERREZ, JOHN LITTLE-1045147 and a grant from the National Security Agency. 1 #12;2 GOMEZ, GUTIERREZ, LITTLE, PELAYO

  13. The hydrodynamic stability of crossflow vortices in the Bdewadt boundary layer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The hydrodynamic stability of crossflow vortices in the Bdewadt boundary layer N. A. Culverhouse the critical Reynolds number. extends the laminar flow region. decreasing the magnitude of the crossflow

  14. Suppression of the Rhines effect and the location of vortices on Saturn A. B. Penny,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, David S.

    Suppression of the Rhines effect and the location of vortices on Saturn A. B. Penny,1 A. P. Showman latitudes on Saturn. Citation: Penny, A. B., A. P. Showman, and D. S. Choi (2010), Suppression of the Rhines

  15. Mesoscale divergence, vorticity, and vertical motion compared to radar and rainfall patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Withers, Donald Mead

    1971-01-01

    !e degree of PIASTER OF SCIENCE August 1971 Major Subject: PJeteorology MESOSCALE DIVERGENCE& VORTICITY& AND VERTICAL MOTION COMPARED TO RADAR AND RAINI'ALL PATTERNS A Thesis by DONALD MEAD NITHERS Approved as to style and content by: 88.... ( (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Head of Depa ent) (Member) August 1971 ASS TRACT Mesoscale Divergence, Vorticity, and Vertica] Motion Compared to Radar and Rainfall Patterns. (August 1971) Donald Mead Nithers, B. S. , University of Oklahoma...

  16. Magnetic vortex crystal formation in the antidot complement of square artificial spin ice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Araujo, C. I. L. de Silva, R. C.; Ribeiro, I. R. B.; Nascimento, F. S.; Felix, J. F.; Ferreira, S. O.; Moura-Melo, W. A.; Pereira, A. R.; Ml, L. A. S.

    2014-03-03

    We have studied ferromagnetic nickel thin films patterned with square lattices of elongated antidots that are negative analogues of square artificial spin ice. Micromagnetic simulations and direct current magnetic moment measurements reveal in-plane anisotropy of the magnetic hysteresis loops, and the formation of a dense array of magnetic vortices with random polarization and chirality. These multiply-connected antidot arrays could be superior to lattices of disconnected nanodisks for investigations of vortex switching by applied electric current.

  17. Intense pulsed light sintering of copper nanoink for printed electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Hak-Sung; Dhage, Sanjay R.; Shim, Dong-Eun; Hahn, H. Thomas

    2009-01-01

    copper nanoink for printed electronics Hak-Sung Kim Sanjay1 Introduction Printed electronics techniques such as inkjetcomponents of printed electronics are conducting lines and ?

  18. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 000, 116 (2007) Printed 15 January 2008 (MN LATEX style file v2.2) The effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    into stars over the course of the calculations and a more quiescent mode of star formation. There is also or are the subject of vigourous debate. One of the key areas of uncertainty is whether or not star formation.2) The effect of magnetic fields on star cluster formation Daniel J. Price and Matthew R. Bate School of Physics

  19. Distinct magnetic signatures of fractional vortex configurations in multiband superconductors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silva, R. M. da; Domnguez, D.; Aguiar, J. Albino

    2014-12-08

    Vortices carrying fractions of a flux quantum are predicted to exist in multiband superconductors, where vortex core can split between multiple band-specific components of the superconducting condensate. Using the two-component Ginzburg-Landau model, we examine such vortex configurations in a two-band superconducting slab in parallel magnetic field. The fractional vortices appear due to the band-selective vortex penetration caused by different thresholds for vortex entry within each band-condensate, and stabilize near the edges of the sample. We show that the resulting fractional vortex configurations leave distinct fingerprints in the static measurements of the magnetization, as well as in ac dynamic measurements of the magnetic susceptibility, both of which can be readily used for the detection of these fascinating vortex states in several existing multiband superconductors.

  20. Reinventing Shared Print: A Dynamic Service Vision for Shared Print Monographs in a Digital World (preprint)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stambaugh, Emily Kay

    2013-01-01

    fundamentally change the business model and architecture forphysical location. A new business model would be needed toand the underlying business model. Print Journals, Print

  1. Suppressible pinning of Abrikosov vortices : effects of magnetic vortex arrays on thin superconducting films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Kevin Daniel

    2008-01-01

    penetration through the superconductive film as it relatesThus, to sustain superconductivity throughout the materialthe mixed state, type-II superconductors have characteristic

  2. Suppressible pinning of Abrikosov vortices : effects of magnetic vortex arrays on thin superconducting films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Kevin Daniel

    2008-01-01

    212507 (2002). [10] M.I. Montero, J.J. Akerman, A. Varilci,J.E. Villegas, M.I. Montero, C. -P. Li and I.K. Schuller,Y. Bruynserede, M.I. Montero, I.K. Schuller, Europhys. Lett.

  3. Apparatus for suppressing formation of vortices in the coolant fluid of a nuclear reactor and associated method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ekeroth, Douglas E. (Delmont, PA); Garner, Daniel C. (Murrysville, PA); Hopkins, Ronald J. (Pensacola, FL); Land, John T. (Pensacola, FL)

    1993-01-01

    An apparatus and method are provided for suppressing the formation of vortices in circulating coolant fluid of a nuclear reactor. A vortex-suppressing plate having a plurality of openings therein is suspended within the lower plenum of a reactor vessel below and generally parallel to the main core support of the reactor. The plate is positioned so as to intersect vortices which may form in the circulating reactor coolant fluid. The intersection of the plate with such vortices disrupts the rotational flow pattern of the vortices, thereby disrupting the formation thereof.

  4. Apparatus for suppressing formation of vortices in the coolant fluid of a nuclear reactor and associated method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ekeroth, D.E.; Garner, D.C.; Hopkins, R.J.; Land, J.T.

    1993-11-30

    An apparatus and method are provided for suppressing the formation of vortices in circulating coolant fluid of a nuclear reactor. A vortex-suppressing plate having a plurality of openings therein is suspended within the lower plenum of a reactor vessel below and generally parallel to the main core support of the reactor. The plate is positioned so as to intersect vortices which may form in the circulating reactor coolant fluid. The intersection of the plate with such vortices disrupts the rotational flow pattern of the vortices, thereby disrupting the formation thereof. 3 figures.

  5. Vortical Motions of Baryonic Gas in the Cosmic Web: Growth History and Scaling Relation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Weishan

    2015-01-01

    The vortical motions of the baryonic gas residing in large scale structures are investigated by cosmological hydrodynamic simulations. Proceeding in the formation of the cosmic web, the vortical motions of baryonic matter are pumped up by baroclinity in two stages, i.e., the formation of sheets, and filaments. The mean curl velocity are about $< 1$, 1-10, 10-150, 5-50 km/s in voids, sheets, filaments and knots at $z=0$, respectively. The scaling of the vortical velocity of gas can be well described by the She-Leveque hierarchical turbulence model in the range of $l<0.65(1.50) h^{-1}$ Mpc in simulation of box size 25(100) $h^{-1}$ Mpc. The fractal Hausdorff dimension of vortical motions, $d$, revealed by velocity structure functions, is $\\sim 2.1-2.3$($\\sim 1.8-2.1$). It is slightly larger than the fractal dimension of mass distribution in filaments, $\\textit{D}^f \\sim 1.9-2.2$, and smaller than the fractal dimension of sheets, $\\textit{D}^s \\sim 2.4-2.7$. The vortical kinetic energy of baryonic gas is m...

  6. Search Print this chapter Cite this chapter CLIMATE AND WEATHER OF THE SUN -EARTH SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Usoskin, Ilya G.

    Search Print this chapter Cite this chapter CLIMATE AND WEATHER OF THE SUN - EARTH SYSTEM Ilya.4. Solar Wind and Magnetospheric Disturbances 5. Sun-Earth Relations and Implications For The Earth Climate Sketches Summary The Sun is a variable star whose output, including electromagnetic radiation, magnetic

  7. Cool Magnetic Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortalCool Magnetic Molecules Print Certain

  8. Cool Magnetic Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortalCool Magnetic Molecules Print CertainCool

  9. Cool Magnetic Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortalCool Magnetic Molecules Print

  10. Cool Magnetic Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentratingPortalCool Magnetic Molecules PrintCool

  11. Printed Optics: 3D Printing of Embedded Optical Elements for Interactive Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poupyrev, Ivan

    Printed Optics: 3D Printing of Embedded Optical Elements for Interactive Devices Karl D.D. Willis1 d Figure 1: Custom optical elements are fabricated with 3D printing and embedded in interactive), and embedded optoelectronics (d). ABSTRACT We present an approach to 3D printing custom optical ele- ments

  12. Waves and vortices in the inverse cascade regime of stratified turbulence with or without rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbert, Corentin; Rosenberg, Duane; Pouquet, Annick

    2015-01-01

    We study the partition of energy between waves and vortices in stratified turbulence, with or without rotation, for a variety of parameters, focusing on the behavior of the waves and vortices in the inverse cascade of energy towards the large scales. To this end, we use direct numerical simulations in a cubic box at a Reynolds number Re=1000, with the ratio between the Brunt-V\\"ais\\"al\\"a frequency N and the inertial frequency f varying from 1/4 to 20, together with a purely stratified run. The Froude number, measuring the strength of the stratification, varies within the range 0.02 energy spectra and fluxes exhibit characteristics of an inverse cascade, even though their energy is not conserved. Surprisingly, the slow vortices still dominate when the ratio N/f increases, also in the stratified case, although less and less so. However, when N/f increases, the inverse cascade of the slow modes becomes we...

  13. Synthesis of anisotropic swirling surface acoustic waves by inverse filter, towards integrated generators of acoustical vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riaud, Antoine; Charron, Eric; Bussonnire, Adrien; Matar, Olivier Bou

    2015-01-01

    From radio-electronics signal analysis to biological samples actuation, surface acoustic waves (SAW) are involved in a multitude of modern devices. Despite this versatility, SAW transducers developed up to date only authorize the synthesis of the most simple standing or progressive waves such as plane and focused waves. In particular, acoustical integrated sources able to generate acoustical vortices (the analogue of optical vortices) are missing. In this work, we propose a flexible tool based on inverse filter technique and arrays of SAW transducers enabling the synthesis of prescribed complex wave patterns at the surface of anisotropic media. The potential of this setup is illustrated by the synthesis of a 2D analog of 3D acoustical vortices, namely "swirling surface acoustic waves". Similarly to their 3D counterpart, they appear as concentric structures of bright rings with a phase singularity in their center resulting in a central dark spot. Swirling SAW can be useful in fragile sensors whose neighborhood...

  14. Chaotic behavior of three interacting vortices in a confined Bose-Einstein condensate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kyriakopoulos, Nikos; Koukouloyannis, Vassilis; Skokos, Charalampos; Kevrekidis, Panayotis G.

    2014-06-01

    Motivated by recent experimental works, we investigate a system of vortex dynamics in an atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), consisting of three vortices, two of which have the same charge. These vortices are modeled as a system of point particles which possesses a Hamiltonian structure. This tripole system constitutes a prototypical model of vortices in BECs exhibiting chaos. By using the angular momentum integral of motion, we reduce the study of the system to the investigation of a two degree of freedom Hamiltonian model and acquire quantitative results about its chaotic behavior. Our investigation tool is the construction of scan maps by using the Smaller ALignment Index as a chaos indicator. Applying this approach to a large number of initial conditions, we manage to accurately and efficiently measure the extent of chaos in the model and its dependence on physically important parameters like the energy and the angular momentum of the system.

  15. On the Two-point Correlation of Potential Vorticity in Rotating and Stratified Turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Susan Kurien; Leslie M. Smith; Beth Wingate

    2006-03-15

    A framework is developed to describe the two-point statistics of potential vorticity in rotating and stratified turbulence as described by the Boussinesq equations. The Karman-Howarth equation for the dynamics of the two-point correlation function of potential vorticity reveals the possibility of inertial-range dynamics in certain regimes in the Rossby, Froude, Prandtl and Reynolds number parameters. For the case of large Rossby and Froude numbers, and for the case of quasi-geostrophic dynamics, a linear scaling law with 2/3 prefactor is derived for the third-order mixed correlation between potential vorticity and velocity, a result that is analogous to the Kolmogorov 4/5-law for the third-order velocity structure function in turbulence theory.

  16. Interactions of vortices with a flexible beam with applications in fluidic energy harvesting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goushcha, O.; Elvin, N.; Andreopoulos, Y.

    2014-01-13

    A cantilever piezoelectric beam immersed in a flow and subjected to naturally occurring vortices such as those formed in the wake of bluff bodies can be used to generate electrical energy harvested in fluid flows. In this paper, we present the pressure distribution and deflection of a piezoelectric beam subjected to controlled vortices. A custom designed experimental facility is set up to study the interaction of individual and multiple vortices with the beam. Vortex tori are generated by an audio speaker and travel at controlled rates over the beam. Particle image velocimetry is used to measure the 2-D flow field induced by each vortex and estimate the effect of pressure force on the beam deflection.

  17. The Makerbot: Desktop 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roughan, Matthew

    The Makerbot: Desktop 3D printing Matthew Roughan School of Mathematical Sciences matthew is Lots of maths hidden in something like 3D printing Geometry and Linear algebra ++ Same math used

  18. Structural Integration of Silicon Solar Cells and Lithium-ion Batteries Using Printed Electronics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jin Sung

    2012-01-01

    4 Inkjet Printed Electronics Using Copper Nanoparticle29 Inkjet Printed Electronics For Multifunctional Compositenanocrystals toward printed electronics, Nanotechnology,

  19. Interaction of an oblique shock wave with a pair of parallel vortices: Shock dynamics and mechanism of sound generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Yong-Tao

    and the mechanism of sound generation in the interaction between an oblique shock wave and a pair of vortices. WeInteraction of an oblique shock wave with a pair of parallel vortices: Shock dynamics and mechanism of sound generation Shuhai Zhanga China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Mianyang, Sichuan

  20. Type II superconductivity and magnetic flux transport in neutrons stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. B. Jones

    2005-10-13

    The transition to a type II proton superconductor which is believed to occur in a cooling neutron star is accompanied by changes in the equation of hydrostatic equilibrium and by the formation of proton vortices with quantized magnetic flux. Analysis of the electron Boltzmann equation for this system and of the proton supercurrent distribution formed at the transition leads to the derivation of a simple expression for the transport velocity of magnetic flux in the liquid interior of a neutron star. This shows that flux moves easily as a consequence of the interaction between neutron and proton superfluid vortices during intervals of spin-down or spin-up in binary systems. The differences between the present analysis and those of previous workers are reviewed and an error in the paper of Jones (1991) is corrected.

  1. Z2 electric strings and center vortices in SU(2) lattice gauge theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. I. Polikarpov; P. V. Buividovich

    2008-01-01

    We study the representations of SU(2) lattice gauge theory in terms of sums over the worldsheets of center vortices and Z2 electric strings, i.e. surfaces which open on the Wilson loop. It is shown that in contrast to center vortices the density of electric Z2 strings diverges in the continuum limit of the theory independently of the gauge fixing, however, their contribution to the Wilson loop yields physical string tension due to non-positivity of their statistical weight in the path integral, which is in turn related to the presence of Z2 topological monopoles in the theory.

  2. On the recovery of traveling water waves with vorticity from the pressure at the bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vera Mikyoung Hur; Michael R. Livesay

    2015-10-08

    We propose higher-order approximation formulae recovering the surface elevation from the pressure at the bed and the background shear flow for small-amplitude Stokes and solitary water waves. They offer improvements over the pressure transfer function and the hydrostatic approximation. The formulae compare reasonably well with asymptotic approximations of the exact relation between the pressure at the bed and the surface wave in the zero vorticity case, but they incorporate the effects of vorticity through solutions of the Rayleigh equation. Several examples are discussed.

  3. On the recovery of traveling water waves with vorticity from the pressure at the bed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hur, Vera Mikyoung

    2015-01-01

    We propose higher-order approximation formulae recovering the surface elevation from the pressure at the bed and the background shear flow for small-amplitude Stokes and solitary water waves. They offer improvements over the pressure transfer function and the hydrostatic approximation. The formulae compare reasonably well with asymptotic approximations of the exact relation between the pressure at the bed and the surface wave in the zero vorticity case, but they incorporate the effects of vorticity through solutions of the Rayleigh equation. Several examples are discussed.

  4. Dispersion equation for water waves with vorticity and Stokes waves on flows with counter-currents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Kozlov; Nikolay Kuznetsov

    2014-06-05

    The two-dimensional free-boundary problem of steady periodic waves with vorticity is considered for water of finite depth. We investigate how flows with small-amplitude Stokes waves on the free surface bifurcate from a horizontal parallel shear flow in which counter-currents may be present. Two bifurcation mechanisms are described: for waves with fixed Bernoulli's constant and fixed wavelength. In both cases the corresponding dispersion equations serve for defining wavelengths from which Stokes waves bifurcate. Sufficient conditions guaranteeing the existence of roots of these equations are obtained. Two particular vorticity distributions are considered in order to illustrate general results.

  5. Particle trajectories beneath small amplitude shallow water waves in constant vorticity flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delia Ionescu-Kruse

    2011-06-20

    We investigate the particle trajectories in a constant vorticity shallow water flow over a flat bed as periodic waves propagate on the water's free surface. Within the framework of small amplitude waves, we find the solutions of the nonlinear differential equations system which describes the particle motion in the considered case, and we describe the possible particle trajectories. Depending on the relation between the initial data and the constant vorticity, some particle trajectories are undulating curves to the right, or to the left, others are loops with forward drift, or with backward drift, others can follow some peculiar shapes.

  6. Coherent Structures in Turbulent Flows: Experimental Studies on the Turbulence of Multiphase Plumes and Tidal Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryant, Duncan Burnette

    2011-08-08

    stream_source_info BRYANT-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 163756 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name BRYANT-DISSERTATION.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859..., the turbulent energy spectra in inertial particle plumes followed the same modulation as the bubble plumes. PIV experiments from the tidal starting-jet vortices detail the influence of a finite channel length using identified vortice. The results show...

  7. On the Equivalence of Trapped Colloids, Pinned Vortices, and Spin Ice

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nisoli, Cristiano

    2014-04-23

    We investigate the recently reported analogies between pinned vortices in nano-structured superconductors or colloids in optical traps, and spin ice materials. The frustration of the two models, one describing colloids and vortices, the other describing spin ice, differs essentially. However, their effective energetics is made identical by the contribution of an emergent field associated to a topological charge. This equivalence extends to the local low-energy dynamics of the ice manifold, yet breaks down in lattices of mixed coordination, because of topological charge transfer between sub-latices.

  8. How to print from a library computer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royer, Dana

    to ANY library public printer you will choose which printer to pick it upHow to print from a library computer How To Print 1. Make sure you are logged have selected all the op?ons you want, click Print. 6. Go to any library

  9. Fast chirality reversal of the magnetic vortex by electric current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lim, W. L. Liu, R. H.; Urazhdin, S.; Tyliszczak, T.; Erokhin, S. G.; Berkov, D.

    2014-12-01

    The possibility of high-density information encoding in magnetic materials by topologically stable inhomogeneous magnetization configurations such as domain walls, skyrmions, and vortices has motivated intense research into mechanisms enabling their control and detection. While the uniform magnetization states can be efficiently controlled by electric current using magnetic multilayer structures, this approach has proven much more difficult to implement for inhomogeneous states. Here, we report direct observation of fast reversal of magnetic vortex by electric current in a simple planar structure based on a bilayer of spin Hall material Pt with a single microscopic ferromagnetic disk contacted by asymmetric electrodes. The reversal is enabled by a combination of the chiral Oersted field and spin current generated by the nonuniform current distribution in Pt. Our results provide a route for the efficient control of inhomogeneous magnetization configurations by electric current.

  10. Contribution of Velocity Vortices and Fast Shock Reflection and Refraction to the Formation of EUV Waves in Solar Eruptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Hongjuan; Gong, Jiancun; Wu, Ning; Lin, Jun

    2015-01-01

    We numerically study the detailed evolutionary features of the wave-like disturbance and its propagation in the eruption. This work is a follow-up to Wang et al., using significantly upgraded new simulations. We focus on the contribution of the velocity vortices and the fast shock reflection and refraction in the solar corona to the formation of the EUV waves. Following the loss of equilibrium in the coronal magnetic structure, the flux rope exhibits rapid motions and invokes the fast-mode shock forward of the rope, which then produces the type II radio burst. The expansion of the fast shock, which is associated with outward motion, takes place in various directions, and the downward expansion shows the reflection and the refraction as a result of the non-uniform background plasma. The reflected component of the fast shock propagates upward and the refracted component propagates downward. As the refracted component reaches the boundary surface, a weak echo is excited. The Moreton wave is invoked as the fast s...

  11. Cosmological magnetic fields from inflation in extended electromagnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Beltran Jimenez; Antonio L. Maroto

    2011-01-10

    In this work we consider an extended electromagnetic theory in which the scalar state which is usually eliminated by means of the Lorenz condition is allowed to propagate. This state has been shown to generate a small cosmological constant in the context of standard inflationary cosmology. Here we show that the usual Lorenz gauge-breaking term now plays the role of an effective electromagnetic current. Such a current is generated during inflation from quantum fluctuations and gives rise to a stochastic effective charge density distribution. Due to the high electric conductivity of the cosmic plasma after inflation, the electric charge density generates currents which give rise to both vorticity and magnetic fields on sub-Hubble scales. Present upper limits on vorticity coming from temperature anisotropies of the CMB are translated into lower limits on the present value of cosmic magnetic fields. We find that, for a nearly scale invariant vorticity spectrum, magnetic fields $B_{\\lambda}> 10^{-12}$ G are typically generated with coherence lengths ranging from sub-galactic scales up to the present Hubble radius. Those fields could act as seeds for a galactic dynamo or even account for observations just by collapse and differential rotation of the protogalactic cloud.

  12. The Response of Quasigeostrophic Oceanic Vortices to Tropical Cyclone Forcing BENJAMIN JAIMES AND LYNN K. SHAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    . Idealized oceanic currents and wind fields derived from observational data acquired during Hurricane Katrina of wind-driven acceleration of oceanic mixed layer (OML) currents rather than a function of the windThe Response of Quasigeostrophic Oceanic Vortices to Tropical Cyclone Forcing BENJAMIN JAIMES

  13. Effects of Large Energetic Vortices on Axial-Flow Hydrokinetic Turbines B. Gunawan1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siefert, Chris

    Effects of Large Energetic Vortices on Axial-Flow Hydrokinetic Turbines B. Gunawan1 , V.S. Neary1 C production in a model MHK turbine. Results show that the power generated by the turbine is significantly at the centerline of the energy extraction plane, or axial-flow turbine hub elevation, provide high resolution

  14. One-loop fluctuations of semi-local self-dual vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Alonso Izquierdo; W. Garcia Fuertes; M. de la Torre Mayado; J. Mateos Guilarte

    2008-01-22

    Mass shifts induced by one-loop fluctuations of semi-local self-dual vortices are computed. The procedure is based on canonical quantization and heat kernel/ zeta function regularization methods. The issue of the survival of the classical degeneracy in the semi-classical regime is explored.

  15. Climatology of UTLS ozone and the ratio of ozone and potential vorticity over northern Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirkwood, Sheila

    Climatology of UTLS ozone and the ratio of ozone and potential vorticity over northern Europe T variations of ozone in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (UTLS) region have been studied using of ozone exhibits a prominent annual cycle in the UTLS region. The observed change in the phase

  16. Vortices and Rossby waves in cylinder wakes on a parabolic -plane observed by altimetric imaging velocimetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , geostrophic and gradient wind velocity, and potential vorticity fields with very high spatial resolution, limited largely by the pixel resolution of the available imaging sensors. Cylinder wakes on the polar. INTRODUCTION The energy-containing eddies provide the strongest cur- rents in most areas of the world ocean

  17. Numerical simulation of vortical flows in the near field of jets from notched circular nozzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Feng

    Numerical simulation of vortical flows in the near field of jets from notched circular nozzles Keywords: Jet Vortex Computational fluid dynamics Direct numerical simulation Non-circular nozzles a b s t r a c t The vortex dominated flows in the near field of jets from notched circular nozzles

  18. for inclusion in The Encyclopedia of the Atmospheric Sciences, 2nd edition Lee Vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    important impacts on local weather con- ditions. Vortices that form near urban areas often influence local, as revealed by theory, numerical modeling, and laboratory experiments. For simplicity (and brevity), we fo wind U and static stability (or Brunt-Vaisala frequency) N, and without Cori- olis effects. While

  19. IEEE Visualization Contest 2011 Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IEEE Visualization Contest 2011 Visualizing Unsteady Vortical Behavior of a Centrifugal Pump number 226042. em eg We present our results analyzing a centrifugal pump as a part of the IEEE Visualization Contest 2011. The given data set represents a high resolution simulation of a centrifugal pump

  20. Idea Generation 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papadopouli, Maria

    is a national research centre focused on smart electrical grid and energy storage technology, which Centre micro and nanoscale 15 Taking 3D printing to the nanoscale 18 Fighting cancer with a "lab of wireless speeds 24 Winners of erc grants electrical transportation 25 The power of electrical roads 27

  1. Printed in: ASCE Engineering Mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Printed in: ASCE Engineering Mechanics 1977, pp. 295-297. Pore pressure effeats in ine~hich increments of fluid pore-pressure enter constitutive relations for elastic and inelastic response. The former constrained) equilibrium states has the form, gen- eralized from [1,2] to include pore-pressure effects, d

  2. Processing a printed wiring board by single bath electrodeposition

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meltzer, Michael P. (Oakland, CA); Steffani, Christopher P. (Livermore, CA); Gonfiotti, Ray A. (Livermore, CA)

    2010-12-07

    A method of processing a printed wiring board. Initial processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board. Copper is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper. Nickel is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper and final processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board.

  3. Processing A Printed Wiring Board By Single Bath Electrodeposition

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meltzer, Michael P. (Oakland, CA); Steffani, Christopher P. (Livermore, CA); Gonfiotti, Ray A. (Livermore, CA)

    2003-04-15

    A method of processing a printed wiring board by single bath electrodeposition. Initial processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board. Copper is plated on the printed wiring board from a bath containing nickel and copper. Nickel is plated on the printed wiring board from the bath containing nickel and copper and final processing steps are implemented on the printed wiring board.

  4. Cosmic magnetism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seymour, P.

    1986-01-01

    This book deals with the cosmic magnetism in a non-mathematical way. It uses Faraday's very powerful and highly pictorial concept of lines of magnetic force and their associated physical properties to explain the structure and behavior of magnetic fields in extraterrestrial objects. Contents include: forces of nature; magnetic field of earth; solar and interplanetary magnetic fields; magnetic fields in the solar system; stars and pulsars; and magnetic fields of the milky way and other galaxies.

  5. Holographic vortices in the presence of dark matter sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marek Rogatko; Karol I. Wysokinski

    2015-10-21

    The {\\it dark matter} seem to be an inevitable ingredient of the total matter configuration in the Universe and the knowledge how the {\\it dark matter} affects the properties of superconductors is of vital importance for the experiments aimed at its direct detection. The homogeneous magnetic field acting perpendicularly to the surface of (2+1) dimensional s-wave holographic superconductor in the theory with {\\it dark matter} sector has been modeled by the additional $U(1)$-gauge field representing dark matter and coupled to the Maxwell one. As expected the free energy for the vortex configuration turns out to be negative. Importantly its value is lower in the presence of {\\it dark matter} sector. This feature can explain why in the Early Universe first the web of {\\it dark matter} appeared and next on these gratings the ordinary matter forming cluster of galaxies has formed.

  6. Massive photons and Dirac monopoles: electric condensate and magnetic confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. S. Guimaraes; R. Rougemont; C. Wotzasek; C. A. D. Zarro

    2013-05-13

    We use the generalized Julia-Toulouse approach (GJTA) for condensation of topological currents (charges or defects) to argue that massive photons can coexist consistently with Dirac monopoles. The Proca theory is obtained here via GJTA as a low energy effective theory describing an electric condensate and the mass of the vector boson is responsible for generating a Meissner effect which confines the magnetic defects in monopole-antimonopole pairs connected by physical open magnetic vortices described by Dirac brane invariants, instead of Dirac strings.

  7. Organic and Printed Electronics for Biological Microfluidic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagannathan, Lakshmi

    2012-01-01

    low-cost and flexible substrates. Printed electronics alsoflexible and plastic substrates Table 1. Comparison between conventional processing and processing using printed electronics.flexible substrates. Specifically, for biological applications, the ability of printed electronics

  8. Organic and Printed Electronics for Biological Microfluidic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jagannathan, Lakshmi

    2012-01-01

    and Q. Zhang, Printed electronics for low-cost electronicUltra-Low-Cost Printed Electronics, Ph.D. dissertation,capability of printed electronics to make important aspects

  9. 3D Printed and Semiconductor Technology 'Mash-up' | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    to 60 in under five seconds. Concept to reality in just six weeks. Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life 3-D Printed Inverter Novel 3-D Printed...

  10. 3D Printing of Scintillating Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Y. Mishnayot; M. Layani; I. Cooperstein; S. Magdassi; G. Ron

    2014-06-15

    We demonstrate, for the first time, the applicability of 3D printing technique to the manufacture of scintillation detectors. We report of a formulation, usable in stereolithographic printing, that exhibits scintillation efficiency on the order of 30\\% of that of commercial polystyrene based scintillators. We discuss the applicability of these techniques and propose future enhancements that will allow tailoring the printed scintillation detectors to various application.

  11. 3D Printing of Scintillating Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mishnayot, Y; Cooperstein, I; Magdassi, S; Ron, G

    2014-01-01

    We demonstrate, for the first time, the applicability of 3D printing technique to the manufacture of scintillation detectors. We report of a formulation, usable in stereolithographic printing, that exhibits scintillation efficiency on the order of 30\\% of that of commercial polystyrene based scintillators. We discuss the applicability of these techniques and propose future enhancements that will allow tailoring the printed scintillation detectors to various application.

  12. turn over N Wireless printing allows you to print documents from your laptop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    turn over N Wireless printing allows you to print documents from your laptop to selected campus printers while connected to the U ofT campus wireless network.You will need to set up one (or more) of the available printers on your computer.You retrieve your printout at Wireless printing costs the same

  13. Improved e-Jet Printing -TFOT Improved e-Jet Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Improved e-Jet Printing - TFOT Home Sections News Articles Forums About Us Improved e-Jet Printing at the University of Illinois have developed a technology that provides higher resolution and more versatility in e-jet printing. As opposed to conventional ink-jet printers, where heat or mechanical vibrations are used

  14. Phase transition in a chain of quantum vortices Institut fur Theoretische Festkorperphysik, Universitat Karlsruhe, D-76128 Karlsruhe, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Oudenaarden, Alexander

    of the superconducting order parameter in the system are considerable, and the vortices behave as quantum particles of the superconducting order parameter is subject to quantum fluctuations here C is the capacitance of a junc- tion

  15. Heat sinking for printed circuitry

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wilson, S.K.; Richardson, G.; Pinkerton, A.L.

    1984-09-11

    A flat pak or other solid-state device mounted on a printed circuit board directly over a hole extends therethrough so that the bottom of the pak or device extends beyond the bottom of the circuit board. A heat sink disposed beneath the circuit board contacts the bottom of the pak or device and provides direct heat sinking thereto. Pressure may be applied to the top of the pak or device to assure good mechanical and thermal contact with the heat sink.

  16. GRADUATE PHD THESIS PROPOSAL APPLICATION Please Print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GRADUATE PHD THESIS PROPOSAL APPLICATION Please Print Name:__________________________________________ Today's date:_________________ I request approval of the attached thesis topic: Title: ____________________________ Alternate room: ___________________________ Thesis Advisor

  17. When printing a copy of any digitized...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Printed March 1979 A USER'S MANUAL FOR THE COMPUTER CODE PAREP * Timothy M. Leonard Civil Engineering Research Facility University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM Abstract This...

  18. Elliptic and hyperelliptic functions describing the particle motion beneath small-amplitude water waves with constant vorticity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delia Ionescu-Kruse

    2011-08-24

    We provide analytic solutions of the nonlinear differential equation system describing the particle paths below small-amplitude periodic gravity waves travelling on a constant vorticity current. We show that these paths are not closed curves. Some solutions can be expressed in terms of Jacobi elliptic functions, others in terms of hyperelliptic functions. We obtain new kinds of particle paths. We make some remarks on the stagnation points which could appear in the fluid due to the vorticity.

  19. The noncommutativity of the conservation laws: Mechanism of origination of vorticity and turbulence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. I. Petrova

    2009-11-09

    From the equations of conservation laws for energy, linear momentum, angular momentum and mass the evolutionary relation in differential forms follows. This relation connects the differential of entropy and the skew-symmetric form, whose coefficients depend on the characteristics of gas-dynamic system and the external actions. The evolutionary relation turns out to be nonidentical that is explained by the noncommutativity of conservation laws. The properties of such nonidentical relation (selfvariation, degenerate transformation) enable one to disclose the mechanism of evolutionary processes in gas-dynamic system that are accompanied by origination of vorticity and turbulence. In this case the intensity of vorticity and turbulence is defined by the commutator on unclosed skew-symmetric form in the nonidentical evolutionary relation.

  20. 1/2-BPS Wilson Loops and Vortices in ABJM Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Ki-Myeong

    2010-01-01

    We explore the low-energy dynamics of 1/2-BPS heavy particles coupled to the ABJM model via the Higgsing of M2-branes, with focus on physical understanding of the recently discovered 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators. The low-energy theory of 1/2-BPS heavy particles turns out to have the U(N|N) supergauge symmetry, which explains the novel structure of the 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operator as a holonomy of a U(N|N) superconnection. We show that the supersymmetric transformation of the Wilson loop operator can be identified as a fermionic supergauge transformation, which leads to their invariance under half of the supersymmetry. We also argue that 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators appear as 1/2-BPS vortices with vorticity 1/k. Such a vortex can be naturally interpreted as a membrane wrapping the Z_k cycle once, or type IIA fundamental string.

  1. 1/2-BPS Wilson Loops and Vortices in ABJM Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ki-Myeong Lee; Sungjay Lee

    2010-06-29

    We explore the low-energy dynamics of 1/2-BPS heavy particles coupled to the ABJM model via the Higgsing of M2-branes, with focus on physical understanding of the recently discovered 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators. The low-energy theory of 1/2-BPS heavy particles turns out to have the U(N|N) supergauge symmetry, which explains the novel structure of the 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operator as a holonomy of a U(N|N) superconnection. We show that the supersymmetric transformation of the Wilson loop operator can be identified as a fermionic supergauge transformation, which leads to their invariance under half of the supersymmetry. We also argue that 1/2-BPS Wilson loop operators appear as 1/2-BPS vortices with vorticity 1/k. Such a vortex can be naturally interpreted as a membrane wrapping the Z_k cycle once, or type IIA fundamental string.

  2. Chiral vortical wave and induced flavor charge transport in a rotating quark-gluon plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Yin; Liao, Jinfeng

    2015-01-01

    We show the existence of a new gapless collective excitation in a rotating fluid system with chiral fermions, named as the Chiral Vortical Wave (CVW). The CVW has its microscopic origin at the quantum anomaly and macroscopically arises from interplay between vector and axial charge fluctuations induced by vortical effects. The wave equation is obtained both from hydrodynamic current equations and from chiral kinetic theory and its solutions show nontrivial CVW-induced charge transport from different initial conditions. Using the rotating quark-gluon plasma in heavy ion collisions as a concrete example, we show the formation of induced flavor quadrupole in QGP and estimate the elliptic flow splitting effect for Lambda baryons that may be experimentally measured.

  3. Transfer Printed Microcells with Micro-Optic Concentrators for...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Printed Microcells with Micro-Optic Concentrators for Low Cost, High Performance Photovoltaic Modules Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Transfer Printed Microcells with...

  4. 3D Printing in 30 Seconds | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D Printing in 30 Seconds 3D Printing in 30 Seconds Addthis An error occurred. Unable to execute Javascript. Duration :38 Topic Science & Technology...

  5. Dispenser Printed Zinc Microbattery with an Ionic Liquid Gel Electrolyte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Christine Chihfan

    2010-01-01

    using dispenser printing including (a) 3D polymer molds, (b)using dispenser printing including (a) 3D polymer molds, (b)

  6. Quantum vorticity at thermal equilibrium for spins systems with continuous symmetry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dimitri Minenkov; Michel Rouleux

    2015-04-06

    We propose a definition of vorticity at inverse temperature \\beta for Gibbs states in quantum XY spin systems on the lattice by testing \\exp[-\\beta H] on a complete set of observables ("one-point functions"). We show in particular that it is independent of the choice of a particular basis. Imposing a compression of Pauli matrices at the boudary, which stands for the classical environment, we make some numerical simulations on finite lattices, and exhibit usual vortex patterns.

  7. The role of homology in fluid vortices I: non-relativistic flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2014-12-09

    The methods of singular and de Rham homology and cohomology are reviewed to the extent that they are applicable to the structure and motion of vortices. In particular, they are first applied to the concept of integral invariants. After a brief review of the elements of fluid mechanics, when expressed in the language of exterior differential forms and homology theory, the basic laws of vortex theory are shown to be statements that are rooted in the homology theory of integral invariants.

  8. Content-adaptive Lenticular Prints James Tompkin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kautz, Jan

    to fixed-size lens arrays. We demonstrate our tech- nique using rendered simulations and by 3D printing.1 [Computer Graphics]: Hardware Architec- ture --Three-dimensional displays; Keywords: Lenticular displays, 3D printing. Links: DL PDF WEB 1 Introduction Displays that provide the illusion of three dimensions have

  9. Thin film limits for Ginzburg--Landau with strong applied magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stan Alama; Lia Bronsard; Bernardo Galvo-Sousa

    2009-11-06

    In this work, we study thin-film limits of the full three-dimensional Ginzburg-Landau model for a superconductor in an applied magnetic field oriented obliquely to the film surface. We obtain Gamma-convergence results in several regimes, determined by the asymptotic ratio between the magnitude of the parallel applied magnetic field and the thickness of the film. Depending on the regime, we show that there may be a decrease in the density of Cooper pairs. We also show that in the case of variable thickness of the film, its geometry will affect the effective applied magnetic field, thus influencing the position of vortices.

  10. Printed circuit dispersive transmission line

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ikezi, H.; Lin-Liu, Y.R.; DeGrassie, J.S.

    1991-08-27

    A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other. 5 figures.

  11. Printed circuit dispersive transmission line

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ikezi, Hiroyuki (Rancho Santa Fe, CA); Lin-Liu, Yuh-Ren (San Diego, CA); DeGrassie, John S. (Encinitas, CA)

    1991-01-01

    A printed circuit dispersive transmission line structure is disclosed comprising an insulator, a ground plane formed on one surface of the insulator, a first transmission line formed on a second surface of the insulator, and a second transmission line also formed on the second surface of the insulator and of longer length than the first transmission line and periodically intersecting the first transmission line. In a preferred embodiment, the transmission line structure exhibits highly dispersive characteristics by designing the length of one of the transmission line between two adjacent periodic intersections to be longer than the other.

  12. CONFIDENTIAL INDICATOR/NO PRINT INDICATOR Georgia Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Mo

    employee who has legitimate access to view your academic records will be given a visual reminder that your will not print in the on-line look-up (lu) or in the printed copy of the Campus Directory. Your name the printing of your name and any associated information in the on-line or printed directory. However

  13. RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    RESEARCH ARTICLE Strengthening of 3D Printed Fused Deposition Manufactured Parts Using the Fill as examples of 3D printed parts used in real-world applications. Introduction While the quality of additive to the wider-spread implementation of 3D- printed components continues to be the limited strength of printed

  14. CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAN 3D PRINTING REVOLUTIONIZE GLOBAL MANUFACTURING? A DELPHI STUDY Master Thesis Proposal BACKGROUND 3D printing (or additive manufacturing) is not an entirely new phenomenon. First introduced and president of Foxconn, calls it a nice "gimmick" and even Nick Allen, founder of 3D printing company 3D Print

  15. Magnets & Magnet Condensed Matter Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    Sights from around the Magnet Lab in 2010. On the cover MAGNETS & MAGNET MATERIALS Engineering materials in Mesoporous Silica SBA-15 31 YBCO Pancake Wound Test Coil for 32-T Magnet Development 32 Strong Vortex Pinning from Marine Cyanobacteria 37 Heavy Petroleum Composition 2. Progression of the Boduszynski Model

  16. Mechanism for magnetic field generation and growth in Rayleigh-Taylor unstable inertial confinement fusion plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Srinivasan, Bhuvana; Tang Xianzhu [Los Alamos National Laboratory, P.O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2012-08-15

    Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities (RTI) in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) implosions are expected to generate magnetic fields at the gas-ice interface and at the ice-ablator interface. The focus here is on the gas-ice interface where the temperature gradient is the largest. A Hall-MHD model is used to study the magnetic field generation and growth for 2-D single-mode and multimode RTI in a stratified two-fluid plasma, the two fluids being ions and electrons. Self-generated magnetic fields are observed and these fields grow as the RTI progresses via the {nabla}n{sub e} Multiplication-Sign {nabla}T{sub e} term in the generalized Ohm's law. Srinivasan et al.[Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165002 (2012)] present results of the magnetic field generation and growth, and some scaling studies in 2-dimensions. The results presented here study the mechanism behind the magnetic field generation and growth, which is related to fluid vorticity generation by RTI. The magnetic field wraps around the bubbles and spikes and concentrates in flux bundles at the perturbed gas-ice interface where fluid vorticity is large. Additionally, the results of Srinivasan et al.[Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 165002 (2012)] are described in greater detail. Additional scaling studies are performed to determine the growth of the self-generated magnetic field as a function of density, acceleration, perturbation wavelength, Atwood number, and ion mass.

  17. Interplay of causticity and vorticality within the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. S. Sanz; S. Miret-Artes

    2008-06-04

    Interference dynamics is analyzed in the light of the complex quantum Hamilton-Jacobi formalism, using as a working model the collision of two Gaussian wave packets. Though simple, this model nicely shows that interference in quantum scattering processes gives rise to rich dynamics and trajectory topologies in the complex plane, both ruled by two types of singularities: caustics and vortices, where the former are associated with the regime of free wave-packet propagation, and the latter with the collision (interference) process. Furthermore, an unambiguous picture connecting the complex and real frameworks is also provided and discussed.

  18. Fusion rules and vortices in $p_x+ip_y$ superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Stone; Suk Bum Chung

    2005-11-30

    The "half-quantum" vortices ($\\sigma$) and quasiparticles ($\\psi$) in a two-dimensional $p_x+ip_y$ superconductor obey the Ising-like fusion rules $\\psi\\times \\psi=1$, $\\sigma\\times \\psi=\\sigma$, and $\\sigma\\times \\sigma= 1+\\psi$. We explain how the physical fusion of vortex-antivortex pairs allows us to use these rules to read out the information encoded in the topologically protected space of degenerate ground states. We comment on the potential applicability of this fact to quantum computation. Modified 11/30/05 to reflect manuscript as accepted for publication. Includes corrected last section.

  19. Aluminum plasmonic metamaterials for structural color printing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Cheng, Fei; Gao, Jie; Stan, Liliana; Rosenmann, Daniel; Czaplewski, David; Yang, Xiaodong

    2015-05-26

    We report a structural color printing platform based on aluminum plasmonic metamaterials supporting near perfect light absorption and narrow-band spectral response tunable across the visible spectrum to realize high-resolution, angle-insensitive color printing with high color purity and saturation. Additionally, the fabricated metamaterials can be protected by a transparent polymer thin layer for ambient use with further improved color performance. The demonstrated structural color printing with aluminum plasmonic metamaterials offers great potential for relevant applications such as security marking and information storage.

  20. Magnetization reversal assisted by half antivortex states in nanostructured circular cobalt disks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lara, A.; Aliev, F. G.; Dobrovolskiy, O. V.; Prieto, J. L.; Huth, M.

    2014-11-03

    The half antivortex, a fundamental topological structure which determines magnetization reversal of submicron magnetic devices with domain walls, has been suggested also to play a crucial role in spin torque induced vortex core reversal in circular disks. Here, we report on magnetization reversal in circular disks with nanoholes through consecutive metastable states with half antivortices. In-plane anisotropic magnetoresistance and broadband susceptibility measurements accompanied by micromagnetic simulations reveal that cobalt (Co) disks with two and three linearly arranged nanoholes directed at 45 and 135 with respect to the external magnetic field show reproducible step-like changes in the anisotropic magnetoresistance and magnetic permeability due to transitions between different intermediate states mediated by vortices and half antivortices confined to the dot nanoholes and edges, respectively. Our findings are relevant for the development of multi-hole based spintronic and magnetic memory devices.

  1. Print

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits theCommitteeCrystallineReserve | DepartmentFederalPolicymaneras fáciles de

  2. Print

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousandnstx-uMid-AmericaDelegations,

  3. Print

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices inPrincipal Investigatorsmaneras fáciles de usar

  4. Superconducting magnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01

    This report discusses the following topics on superconducting magnets: D19B and -C: The next steps for a record-setting magnet; D20: The push beyond 10 T: Beyond D20: Speculations on the 16-T regime; other advanced magnets for accelerators; spinoff applications; APC materials development; cable and cabling-machine development; and high-{Tc} superconductor at low temperature.

  5. Bioinspired Design : : Magnetic Freeze Casting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Michael Martin

    2014-01-01

    tissue engineering using 3D printing. Materials Today 2013;R, Kauczor HU, et al. 3D printing based on imaging data:h) wood templating [167]; (i) 3D printing [160]; (j) freeze

  6. Inkjet printed electronics using copper nanoparticle ink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jin Sung; Kim, Hak Sung; Ryu, Jongeun; Thomas Hahn, H.; Jang, Seonhee; Joung, Jae Woo

    2010-01-01

    diagram of drop on demand copper nanoparticle inkjet printerdemand inkjet printing system 2 Experimental details 2.1 Specimen preparation The conductive coppercopper nanoparticles at room temperature. Using drop on demand

  7. [COMMITTEE PRINT] 113TH CONGRESS REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy Programs: 00 00 Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy ................................. 00 0087057 [COMMITTEE PRINT] 113TH CONGRESS REPORT " !HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES2d Session 113 ENERGY ............................................... 00 00 Policy and Administration .......................................................... 00 00

  8. U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Don

    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U1800 Fax: (202) 5122250 Mail: Stop SSOP, Washington, DC 204020001 90-136 PDF 2004 H.R. 3039

  9. E-print Network : User Account

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    New Search | My Selections (0) | | | | Alerts | E-print Network Create User Account User Name: Email Address: I want to: Always receive emails Receive emails if there are new...

  10. printed on recycled paper INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    printed on recycled paper INDUSTRIAL ASSESSMENT CENTER ENERGY EFFICIENCY, POLLUTION PREVENTION, AND PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT ASSISTANCE FOR INDUSTRY A U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SPONSORED PROGRAM INDUSTRIAL STATE UNIVERSITY Industrial Assessment Center Department of Mechanical Engineering Fort Collins

  11. Digital imaging tracing technology for print media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milne, Stewart William

    1997-01-01

    This thesis examines and analyzes the existing state of digital technology use in print media and the attitudes of those using the technology to develop a technology that would help prevent the unethical manipulation of ...

  12. ETD Signature Form Print Name____________________________________________________________ ID # 800_____________________

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Jiancheng

    April 2013 ETD Signature Form Print Name Charlotte ETD archives with the following status (choose one): ___ 1. Worldwide Access following the date in electronic format (ETD) and agree to abide by the statements above regarding the access option selected

  13. Hole pairing from attraction of opposite chirality spin vortices: Non-BCS superconductivity in Underdoped Cuprates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marchetti, P A; Su, Z B; Yu, L

    2011-01-01

    Within a gauge approach to the t-J model, we propose a new, non-BCS mechanism of superconductivity for underdoped cuprates. We implement the no-double occupancy constraint with a (semionic) slave-particle formalism. The dopant generates a vortex-like quantum distortion of the AF background centered on the empty sites, with opposite chirality for cores on the two N\\'eel sublattices. Empty sites are described in terms of spinless fermionic holons and the long-range attraction between spin vortices on two opposite N\\'eel sublattices is the holon pairing force, leading eventually to SC. The spin fluctuations are described by bosonic spinons with a gap generated by scattering on spin vortices. Due to the occupation constraint, there is a gauge attraction between holon and spinon, binding them into a physical hole. Through gauge interaction the spin vortex attraction induces the formation of spin-singlet RVB pairs reducing the spinon gap. Lowering T, there are two crossovers as precursors of the SC transition: at t...

  14. Printed Name: Page 1 of 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    print your name on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6Printed Name: Page 1 of 6 CHEM 3311-100, Fall 2013 Professor Walba First Hour Exam September 24: ________________________________ Recitation day and time: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes

  15. Printed Name: Page 1 of 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    print your name on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6Printed Name: Page 1 of 7 CHEM 3311-100, Fall 2013 Professor Walba Second Hour Exam October 22: ________________________________ Recitation day and time: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes

  16. Printed Name: Page 1 of 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    print your name on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6Printed Name: Page 1 of 8 CHEM 3311-100, Fall 2013 Professor Walba Third Hour Exam November 19: ________________________________ Recitation day and time: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes

  17. Printed Name: Page 1 of 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    print your name on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6Printed Name: Page 1 of 9 CHEM 3311 (300), Fall 2014 Professor Walba Third Hour Exam November 18: _____________________________ Recitation day and time: __________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes, calculators

  18. FSU Office of Research Program in Interdisciplinary Computing (PIC) What is 3D printing?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronquist, Fredrik

    (PIC) What is 3D printing? 3D printing is a process of making. 3D printing is distinct from traditional machining techniques, which mostly organs, meat, circuit boards and batteries. 3D printing impacts nearly every

  19. Experimental investigation of magnetic anisotropy in spin vortex discs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garraud, N. Arnold, D. P.

    2014-05-07

    We present experimental 2D vector vibrating sample magnetometer measurements to demonstrate the shape anisotropy effects occurring in micrometer-diameter supermalloy spin vortex discs. Measurements made for different disc sizes and orientations confirm the out-of-plane susceptibility is several orders of magnitude smaller than the in-plane susceptibility. These results validate with a high certitude that spin vortices with high diameter to thickness ratio retain in-plane-only magnetization, even when subjected to fields in the out-of-plane direction. These results contribute to further computational simulations of the dynamics of spin vortex structures in colloidal suspensions where external fields may be applied in any arbitrary direction.

  20. Comparative study on copper leaching from waste printed circuit boards by typical ionic liquid acids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, M; Huang, J; Ogunseitan, OA; Zhu, N; Wang, YM

    2015-01-01

    the technology acceptance for dismantling of waste printedL.L. , 2013. A novel dismantling process of waste printed

  1. Satellite Magnetic Resonances of a Bound Pair of Half-Quantum Vortices in Rotating Superfluid He-3-a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Chia-Ren; MAKI, K.

    1987-01-01

    choice for the phase of the spin wave function for the transverse satellite spin resonance. M. M. Salomaa, ROTA-86 Symposium, Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland, 1986; M. M. Salomaa and G. E. Volovik, Europhys. Lett. 2, 781 (1986). o...

  2. Gravity Waves in a Horizontal Shear Flow. Part II: Interaction between Gravity Waves and Potential Vorticity Perturbations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian F.

    Gravity Waves in a Horizontal Shear Flow. Part II: Interaction between Gravity Waves and Potential perturbations and propagating internal gravity waves in a horizon- tally sheared zonal flow is investigated. In the strong stratification limit, an initial vorticity perturbation weakly excites two propagating gravity

  3. Math. Res. Lett. 15 (2008), no. 00, 10001100NN c International Press 2008 SYMMETRY OF SOLITARY WATER WAVES WITH VORTICITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hur, Vera Mikyoung

    2008-01-01

    WATER WAVES WITH VORTICITY Vera Mikyoung Hur Abstract. Symmetry and monotonicity properties of solitary water-waves of positive elevation with supercritical values of parameter are established are considered for exact free-surface water waves which steadily propagate of permanent form over a shear flow

  4. Wave-train-induced termination of weakly anchored vortices in excitable media Alain Pumir,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Sitabhra

    , for the more general situation of pacing waves generated far away from the reentrant circuit, a clas- sicalWave-train-induced termination of weakly anchored vortices in excitable media Alain Pumir,1-8502, Japan 5 Nonlinear Physics and Math Modeling Laboratory, University Campus Bio-Medico, I-00128 Rome

  5. Vortical flow control on a conical fore body cross section using an array of pulsed dc actuators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    investigated, separately and then combined on flow control. It is found that joule heating results in highVortical flow control on a conical fore body cross section using an array of pulsed dc actuators 2006; accepted 23 February 2007; published online 1 May 2007 Flow control on a conical fore body cross

  6. Method of driving liquid flow at or near the free surface using magnetic microparticles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Snezhko, Oleksiy (Woodridge, IL); Aronson, Igor (Darien, IL); Kwok, Wai-Kwong (Evanston, IL); Belkin, Maxim V. (Woodridge, IL)

    2011-10-11

    The present invention provides a method of driving liquid flow at or near a free surface using self-assembled structures composed of magnetic particles subjected to an external AC magnetic field. A plurality of magnetic particles are supported at or near a free surface of liquid by surface tension or buoyancy force. An AC magnetic field traverses the free surface and dipole-dipole interaction between particles produces in self-assembled snake structures which oscillate at the frequency of the traverse AC magnetic field. The snake structures independently move across the free surface and may merge with other snake structures or break up and coalesce into additional snake structures experiencing independent movement across the liquid surface. During this process, the snake structures produce asymmetric flow vortices across substantially the entirety of the free surface, effectuating liquid flow across the free surface.

  7. Energy Department Unveils 3D-Printed Building; New Initiatives...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Unveils 3D-Printed Building; New Initiatives During Industry Day Energy Department Unveils 3D-Printed Building; New Initiatives During Industry Day October 1, 2015 - 12:25pm...

  8. Characterizing tensile loading responses of 3D printed samples

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haid, Christopher M

    2014-01-01

    An experimental study was performed to characterize the loading response of samples manufactured through 3D printing. Tensile testing was performed on a number of 3D printed samples created through Fused Filament Fabrication ...

  9. Reactive binders for metal parts produced by Three Dimensional Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, Helen Jean

    1997-01-01

    Three Dimensional Printing (3DP) is a solid free form fabrication process which enables the construction of parts directly from computer-aided design (CAD) models. In the current process, metal parts are produced by printing ...

  10. Mechanical testing of rapid-prototyping refractory ceramic print media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Rachel (Rachel M.)

    2013-01-01

    Additively manufactured (3D-printed) refractory alumina-silica ceramics were mechanically tested to ascertain their ultimate tensile strengths and observed to determine their dimensional consistency over the printing and ...

  11. Gas cushion control of OVJP print head position

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R

    2014-10-07

    An OVJP apparatus and method for applying organic vapor or other flowable material to a substrate using a printing head mechanism in which the print head spacing from the substrate is controllable using a cushion of air or other gas applied between the print head and substrate. The print head is mounted for translational movement towards and away from the substrate and is biased toward the substrate by springs or other means. A gas cushion feed assembly supplies a gas under pressure between the print head and substrate which opposes the biasing of the print head toward the substrate so as to form a space between the print head and substrate. By controlling the pressure of gas supplied, the print head separation from the substrate can be precisely controlled.

  12. Magnetic shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

    1987-10-06

    A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines. 3 figs.

  13. Magnetic shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Stone, Roger R. (Walnut Creek, CA); Fabyan, Joseph (Livermore, CA)

    1987-01-01

    A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

  14. Non-radial instabilities of isothermal Bondi accretion with a shock: vortical-acoustic cycle vs post-shock acceleration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Foglizzo

    2002-06-17

    The linear stability of isothermal Bondi accretion with a shock is studied analytically in the asymptotic limit of high incident Mach number M_1. The flow is unstable with respect to radial perturbations as expected by Nakayama (1993), due to post-shock acceleration. Its growth time scales like the advection time from the shock r_sh to the sonic point r_son. The growth rate of non-radial perturbations l=1 is higher by a factor M_1^{2/3}, and is therefore intermediate between the advection and acoustic frequencies. Besides these instabilities based on post-shock acceleration, our study revealed another generic mechanism based on the cycle of acoustic and vortical perturbations between the shock and the sonic radius, independently of the sign of post-shock acceleration. The vortical-acoustic instability is fundamentally non-radial. It is fed by the efficient excitation of vorticity waves by the isothermal shock perturbed by acoustic waves. The growth rate exceeds the advection rate by a factor log M_1. Unstable modes cover a wide range of frequencies from the fundamental acoustic frequency ~c/r_sh up to a cut-off ~c/r_son associated with the sonic radius. The highest growth rate is reached for l=1 modes near the cut-off. The additional cycle of acoustic waves between the shock and the sonic radius is responsible for variations of the growth rate by a factor up to 3 depending on its phase relative to the vortical-acoustic cycle. The instability also exists, with a similar growth rate, below the fundamental acoustic frequency down to the advection frequency, as vorticity waves are efficiently coupled to the region of pseudosound. These results open new perspectives to address the stability of shocked accretion flows.

  15. Electron acoustic wave driven vortices with non-Maxwellian hot electrons in magnetoplasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haque, Q.; Mirza, Arshad M.; Zakir, U.

    2014-07-15

    Linear dispersion characteristics of the Electron Acoustic Wave (EAW) and the corresponding vortex structures are investigated in a magnetoplasma in the presence of non-Maxwellian hot electrons. In this regard, kappa and Cairns distributed hot electrons are considered. It is noticed that the nonthermal distributions affect the phase velocity of the EAW. Further, it is found that the phase velocity of EAW increases for Cairns and decreases for kappa distributed hot electrons. Nonlinear solutions in the form of dipolar vortices are also obtained for both stationary and non-stationary ions in the presence of kappa distributed hot electrons and dynamic cold electrons. It is found that the amplitude of the nonlinear vortex structures also reduces with kappa factor like the electron acoustic solitons.

  16. Quiver Gauge Theory of Nonabelian Vortices and Noncommutative Instantons in Higher Dimensions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander D. Popov; Richard J. Szabo

    2006-02-16

    We construct explicit BPS and non-BPS solutions of the Yang-Mills equations on the noncommutative space R^{2n}_\\theta x S^2 which have manifest spherical symmetry. Using SU(2)-equivariant dimensional reduction techniques, we show that the solutions imply an equivalence between instantons on R^{2n}_\\theta x S^2 and nonabelian vortices on R^{2n}_\\theta, which can be interpreted as a blowing-up of a chain of D0-branes on R^{2n}_\\theta into a chain of spherical D2-branes on R^{2n} x S^2. The low-energy dynamics of these configurations is described by a quiver gauge theory which can be formulated in terms of new geometrical objects generalizing superconnections. This formalism enables the explicit assignment of D0-brane charges in equivariant K-theory to the instanton solutions.

  17. Injection and storage of orbital angular momentum as vortices in polariton superfluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Boulier; Emiliano Cancellieri; Nicolas D. Sangouard; Quentin Glorieux; David M. Whittaker; Elisabeth Giacobino; Alberto Bramati

    2015-09-29

    We report the experimental investigation and theoretical modeling of a rotating polariton superfluid relying on an innovative method for the injection of angular momentum.This novel, multi-pump injection method uses four coherent lasers arranged in a square, resonantly creating four polariton populations propagating inwards. The control available over the direction of propagation of the superflows allows injecting a controllable amount of optical angular momentum. When the density at the center is low enough to neglect polariton-polariton interactions, optical singularities, associated to an interference pattern, are visible in the phase. Remarkably, in the superfluid regime resulting from the strong nonlinear polariton-polariton interaction the interference pattern disappears and only vortices with the same sign are persisting in the system. By comparing these results with simulations based on a driven-dissipative Gross-Pitaevskii model, we ascribe these remaining topological defects to the conservation of angular momentum.

  18. Nonlinearity 11 (1998) 445466. Printed in the UK PII: S0951-7715(98)86320-2 Study of Bogomol'nyi vortices on a disk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malfait, Nicole

    1998-01-01

    with a boundary. This may be applicable to the study of superconductivity. In a region with a boundary one

  19. Meas. Sci. Technol. 11 (2000) 698711. Printed in the UK PII: S0957-0233(00)07235-0 Research on the vortical and turbulent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Hui

    2000-01-01

    of airplanes and vehicles and the spread of pollutants at industrial sites. Research into the physics of mixing in supersonic ejectors to reduce jet noise at take off and landing of aircraft as well as in combustion chambers

  20. Structural Optimization and 3D Printing Robert V. Kohn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Structural Optimization and 3D Printing Robert V. Kohn Courant Institute, NYU SIAM CS&E Meeting, March 2015 Robert V. Kohn Structural Optimization and 3D Printing #12;Outline Mandate: identify areas with interesting open questions. Hence 3D printing and structural optimization. My involvement began

  1. 3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ! 3D Printing of Functional and Biological Materials Jennifer A. Lewis Wyss Professor)! Multimaterial 3D printing ! #12;3D antennas! Li ion microbatteries! Lightweight microlattices!Flexible sensors! 3D Printing of Integrated Electronic Devices ! #12;20 nm average , 5 50 nm

  2. TRANSCONTINENTAL PRINTING INC.: FULL SCALE DEMONSTRATION OF A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;TRANSCONTINENTAL PRINTING INC.: FULL SCALE DEMONSTRATION OF A TREATMENT TECHNOLOGY TO REDUCE Prevention Section Environment Canada 224 West Esplanade North Vancouver, B.C. V7M 3H7 #12;Transcontinental at the Transcontinental Printing facility in Delta, BC. At the time of writing, Transcontinental was the only printing

  3. Extragalactic jets with helical magnetic fields: relativistic MHD simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Keppens; Z. Meliani; B. van der Holst; F. Casse

    2008-02-14

    Extragalactic jets are inferred to harbor dynamically important, organized magnetic fields which presumably aid in the collimation of the relativistic jet flows. We here explore by means of grid-adaptive, high resolution numerical simulations the morphology of AGN jets pervaded by helical field and flow topologies. We concentrate on morphological features of the bow shock and the jet beam behind the Mach disk, for various jet Lorentz factors and magnetic field helicities. We investigate the influence of helical magnetic fields on jet beam propagation in overdense external medium. We use the AMRVAC code, employing a novel hybrid block-based AMR strategy, to compute ideal plasma dynamics in special relativity. The helicity of the beam magnetic field is effectively transported down the beam, with compression zones in between diagonal internal cross-shocks showing stronger toroidal field regions. In comparison with equivalent low-relativistic jets which get surrounded by cocoons with vortical backflows filled by mainly toroidal field, the high speed jets demonstrate only localized, strong toroidal field zones within the backflow vortical structures. We find evidence for a more poloidal, straight field layer, compressed between jet beam and backflows. This layer decreases the destabilizing influence of the backflow on the jet beam. In all cases, the jet beam contains rich cross-shock patterns, across which part of the kinetic energy gets transferred. For the high speed reference jet considered here, significant jet deceleration only occurs beyond distances exceeding ${\\cal O}(100 R_j)$, as the axial flow can reaccelerate downstream to the internal cross-shocks. This reacceleration is magnetically aided, due to field compression across the internal shocks which pinch the flow.

  4. Magnetic shielding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

    1985-02-12

    A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

  5. Fabrication of glucose biosensors by inkjet printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Tianming; Serban, Simona; Ali, Tarif; Drago, Guido; Derby, Brian

    2012-01-01

    Inkjet printing has been used to fabricate glucose sensors using glucose oxidase and screen printed carbon electrodes. By appropriate selection of printing and drying conditions we are able to fabricate sensor structures that show a good linear response to glucose concentration. In order to achieve these structures we must carefully control the spreading and drying of the enzyme solution on the carbon electrode. Carbon electrode suirfaces are hydrophobic and Triton X was used as a surfactant to allow full coverage of the electrode surface. During drying, under ambient conditions the enzyme solution segregates to form a ring deposit (coffee staining). Coffee staining is shown to be deleterious to sensor performance and it can be removed by drying in a reduced humidity environment.

  6. Magnetic nanotubes

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)

    2010-11-16

    A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.

  7. Guidelines on Distribution of Printed Material on the LSU Campus Distribution of literature and other printed material on campus is governed by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    Guidelines on Distribution of Printed Material on the LSU Campus Distribution of literature and other printed material on campus is governed by several and PS-06 on Solicitation of Advertisement. Because distribution of printed material

  8. Magnetic Fields in Population III Star Formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turk, Matthew J.; Oishi, Jeffrey S.; Abel, Tom; Bryan, Greg

    2012-02-22

    We study the buildup of magnetic fields during the formation of Population III star-forming regions, by conducting cosmological simulations from realistic initial conditions and varying the Jeans resolution. To investigate this in detail, we start simulations from identical initial conditions, mandating 16, 32 and 64 zones per Jeans length, and studied the variation in their magnetic field amplification. We find that, while compression results in some amplification, turbulent velocity fluctuations driven by the collapse can further amplify an initially weak seed field via dynamo action, provided there is sufficient numerical resolution to capture vortical motions (we find this requirement to be 64 zones per Jeans length, slightly larger than, but consistent with previous work run with more idealized collapse scenarios). We explore saturation of amplification of the magnetic field, which could potentially become dynamically important in subsequent, fully-resolved calculations. We have also identified a relatively surprising phenomena that is purely hydrodynamic: the higher-resolved simulations possess substantially different characteristics, including higher infall-velocity, increased temperatures inside 1000 AU, and decreased molecular hydrogen content in the innermost region. Furthermore, we find that disk formation is suppressed in higher-resolution calculations, at least at the times that we can follow the calculation. We discuss the effect this may have on the buildup of disks over the accretion history of the first clump to form as well as the potential for gravitational instabilities to develop and induce fragmentation.

  9. The plasmoid instability during asymmetric inflow magnetic reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murphy, Nicholas A. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Young, Aleida K. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States) [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States); Shen, Chengcai [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States) [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650011 (China); Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Lin, Jun [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States) [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650011 (China); Ni, Lei [Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650011 (China)] [Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, Yunnan 650011 (China)

    2013-06-15

    Theoretical studies of the plasmoid instability generally assume that the reconnecting magnetic fields are symmetric. We relax this assumption by performing two-dimensional resistive magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the plasmoid instability during asymmetric inflow magnetic reconnection. Magnetic asymmetry modifies the onset, scaling, and dynamics of this instability. Magnetic islands develop preferentially into the weak magnetic field upstream region. Outflow jets from individual X-points impact plasmoids obliquely rather than directly as in the symmetric case. Consequently, deposition of momentum by the outflow jets into the plasmoids is less efficient, the plasmoids develop net vorticity, and shear flow slows down secondary merging between islands. Secondary merging events have asymmetry along both the inflow and outflow directions. Downstream plasma is more turbulent in cases with magnetic asymmetry because islands are able to roll around each other after exiting the current sheet. As in the symmetric case, plasmoid formation facilitates faster reconnection for at least small and moderate magnetic asymmetries. However, when the upstream magnetic field strengths differ by a factor of 4, the reconnection rate plateaus at a lower value than expected from scaling the symmetric results. We perform a parameter study to investigate the onset of the plasmoid instability as a function of magnetic asymmetry and domain size. There exist domain sizes for which symmetric simulations are stable but asymmetric simulations are unstable, suggesting that moderate magnetic asymmetry is somewhat destabilizing. We discuss the implications for plasmoid and flux rope formation in solar eruptions, laboratory reconnection experiments, and space plasmas. The differences between symmetric and asymmetric simulations provide some hints regarding the nature of the three-dimensional plasmoid instability.

  10. PRINT ONLY: GLOBAL WARMING Alexeev V. A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    PRINT ONLY: GLOBAL WARMING Alexeev V. A. Global Warming: 0.6C or Less? [#1035] The peculiarities of global warming on the Earth during the last century are discussed. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII (2007) full818.pdf #12;GLOBAL WARMING: 0.6 OR LESS? V.A.Alexeev; Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry

  11. 3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    #12;Our 3D Printer It's a MakerGear M2, cost about $1700 We extrude 1.75mm diameter PLA filament3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz TCMS, March 14, 2014 University of Kentucky Electrical & Computer/Craft: paper moves in Y, knife in X EDM/Laser: X/Y bed, vaporizes material #12;Subtractive 3D CNC: Computer

  12. Print this Page Close The nuclear deal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    league. B At least in the eyes of the United States, India is now a nuclear weapons state. The gamble 'Entity List', which was drawn up outside the non-proliferation laws after our nuclear weapon testsPrint this Page Close The nuclear deal July 20, 2005 | 19:05 ISTT P Sreenivasan | y assuming

  13. U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U1800 Fax: (202) 5122104 Mail: Stop IDCC, Washington, DC 204020001 52894PDF 2010 THE NEXT GENERATION WU, Oregon BRIAN BAIRD, Washington BRAD MILLER, North Carolina DANIEL LIPINSKI, Illinois GABRIELLE

  14. ISSN 0104-6632 Printed in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    ISSN 0104-6632 Printed in Brazil www.abeq.org.br/bjche Vol. 27, No. 03, pp. 000 - 000, July, Brazil, and published in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, vol. 27, p. 1917-1922. Brazilian Journal-909, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil. E-mail: ofelia@eq.ufrj.br (Submitted: December 1, 2009 ; Revised: June 1

  15. Printed on Recycled Paper United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Clean Air Act, further tightening emission standards. The NOx standard is set at 0.6 gpm for cars1 Emission Facts Printed on Recycled Paper United States Environmental Protection Agency Air and Radiation EPA420-F-99-017 May 1999 Office of Mobile Sources The History of Reducing Tailpipe Emissions 1970

  16. U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .S. Government Printing Office Internet: bookstore.gpo.gov Phone: toll free (866) 5121800; DC area (202) 512 RESOURCES JEFF BINGAMAN, New Mexico, Chairman DANIEL K. AKAKA, Hawaii BYRON L. DORGAN, North Dakota RON TESTER, Montana PETE V. DOMENICI, New Mexico LARRY E. CRAIG, Idaho CRAIG THOMAS, Wyoming LISA MURKOWSKI

  17. Printing a poster? Make an appointment!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Niebur, Ernst

    Formats, click on PNG Change the Resolution to 150 dpi Click Save. #12;In PowerPoint: File Print Select new window that pops up: Change Document Title Click Save Under the Save as Type drop down menu, select PNG Click Save Check your output image for correct orientation and layout. If incorrect, change

  18. NUSTAR User Guide Print Grade Roster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Andrew J.

    . Enter the Term and select Final next to Grade Roster. 3. For a school based report, select the Academic by the Head of School Pawthway: Curriculum Management> Grading>Print Grade Roster 1. Click the Search button for a specific class, click the Specific Class option and enter the desired information into the Class Nbr field

  19. Magnetic monopoles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fryberger, D.

    1984-12-01

    In this talk on magnetic monopoles, first the author briefly reviews some historical background; then, the author describes what several different types of monopoles might look like; and finally the author discusses the experimental situation. 81 references.

  20. Negative specific heat in a quasi-2D generalized vorticity model T. D. Andersen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Chjan C.

    ) model for the unbounded plane under strong magnetic confinement. We derive the specific heat using, this results in a runaway reaction leading to a collapse of the cluster. In a magnetic fusion system or other- found implications for fusion where extreme confinement is critical to a sustained reaction

  1. Chiral Magnetic Effect in High-Energy Nuclear Collisions --- A Status Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kharzeev, D E; Voloshin, S A; Wang, G

    2015-01-01

    The interplay of quantum anomalies with magnetic field and vorticity results in a variety of novel non-dissipative transport phenomena in systems with chiral fermions, including the quark-gluon plasma. Among them is the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) -- the generation of electric current along an external magnetic field induced by chirality imbalance. Because the chirality imbalance is related to the global topology of gauge fields, the CME current is topologically protected and hence non-dissipative even in the presence of strong interactions. As a result, the CME and related quantum phenomena affect the hydrodynamical and transport behavior of strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma, and can be studied in relativistic heavy ion collisions where strong magnetic fields are created by the colliding ions. Evidence for the CME and related phenomena has been reported by the STAR Collaboration at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL, and by the ALICE Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The goal of the ...

  2. Orientational Ordering, Buckling, and Dynamic Transitions for Vortices Interacting with a Periodic Quasi-One Dimensional Substrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Q. Le Thien; D. McDermott; C. J. Olson Reichhardt; C. Reichhardt

    2015-08-21

    We examine the statics and dynamics of vortices in the presence of a periodic quasi-one dimensional substrate, focusing on the limit where the vortex lattice constant is smaller than the substrate lattice period. As a function of the substrate strength and filling factor, within the pinned state we observe a series of order-disorder transitions associated with buckling phenomena in which the number of vortex rows that fit between neighboring substrate maxima increases. These transitions coincide with steps in the depinning threshold, jumps in the density of topological defects, and changes in the structure factor. At the buckling transition the vortices are disordered, while between the buckling transitions the vortices form a variety of crystalline and partially ordered states. In the weak substrate limit, the buckling transitions are absent and the vortices form an ordered hexagonal lattice that undergoes changes in its orientation with respect to the substrate as a function of vortex density. At intermediate substrate strengths, certain ordered states appear that are correlated with peaks in the depinning force. Under an applied drive the system exhibits a rich variety of distinct dynamical phases, including plastic flow, a density-modulated moving crystal, and moving floating solid phases. We also find a dynamic smectic-to-smectic transition in which the smectic ordering changes from being aligned with the substrate to being aligned with the external drive. The different dynamical phases can be characterized using velocity histograms and the structure factor. We discuss how these results are related to recent experiments on vortex ordering on quasi-one-dimensional periodic modulated substrates. Our results should also be relevant for other types of systems such as ions, colloids, or Wigner crystals interacting with periodic quasi-one-dimensional substrates.

  3. Empowering the Industrial Internet of Things with 3D Printed Sensors and Antennas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    3/23/15 1 Empowering the Industrial Internet of Things with 3D Printed Sensors and Antennas Optomec Enabling Technology for the IIoT 9 Fully Print 3D Parts or Print-on 3Dtm Parts Print Structural-process (dry, cure, sinter...) Part Fine line traces 3D Conformal printing Interconnects Embedded

  4. Title Format and Order Type AAS History Series Print; Serial Standing Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    Title Format and Order Type AAS History Series Print; Serial Standing Order Advanced Series in Astrophysics and Cosmology Continuation/Print Monograph Standing Order Akzente Print, Serial Alexander Lectures Continuation/Print Monograph Standing Order, Discontinued? Annales de dmographie historique Print, Serial

  5. Review: 3D Printing: Social and Cultural Trajectories Symposium -3D Printing Industry http://3dprintingindustry.com/2013/12/11/review-3d-printing-social-cultural-trajectories-symposium/[12/12/2013 11:25:00 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Review: 3D Printing: Social and Cultural Trajectories Symposium - 3D Printing Industry http://3dprintingindustry.com/2013/12/11/review-3d-printing-social-cultural-trajectories-symposium/[12/12/2013 11:25:00 AM] Review: 3D Printing: Social and Cultural Trajectories Symposium BY ANGELA DALY & DARCY ALLEN ON WED

  6. Particle Concentration At Planet Induced Gap Edges and Vortices: I. Inviscid 3-D Hydro Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Zhaohuan; Rafikov, Roman R; Bai, Xuening

    2013-01-01

    We perform a systematic study of the dynamics of dust particles in protoplanetary disks with embedded planets using global 2-D and 3-D inviscid hydrodynamic simulations. We implement Lagrangian particles into magnetohydrodynamic code Athena with cylindrical coordinates and explore the behavior of dust grains with sizes spanning more than 6 orders of magnitude --- from the well-coupled to decoupled limits. We find two distinct outcomes depending on the mass of the embedded planet, which is varied between 8 M_earth to 9 M_{J}. In the presence of a low mass planet (8 M_earth), two narrow gaps start to open in the gas on each side of the planet where the density waves shock. Although these gaps are quite shallow, they dramatically affect particle drift speed and cause significant, axisymmetric dust depletion near the planet. On the other hand, a more massive planet (>0.1 M_{J}) carves out a deeper gap with sharp edges, which are unstable to the formation of vortices that later merge into a single vortex. The vort...

  7. Ertel's vorticity theorem and new flux surfaces in multi-fluid plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hameiri, Eliezer

    2013-09-15

    Dedicated to Professor Harold Weitzner on the occasion of his retirementSay to wisdom you are my sister, and to insight you are my relative.Proverbs 7:4Based on an extension to plasmas of Ertel's classical vorticity theorem in fluid dynamics, it is shown that for each species in a multi-fluid plasma there can be constructed a set of nested surfaces that have this species' fluid particles confined within them. Variational formulations for the plasma evolution and its equilibrium states are developed, based on the new surfaces and all of the dynamical conservation laws associated with them. It is shown that in the general equilibrium case, the energy principle lacks a minimum and cannot be used as a stability criterion. A limit of the variational integral yields the two-fluid Hall-magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) model. A further special limit yields MHD equilibria and can be used to approximate the equilibrium state of a Hall-MHD plasma in a perturbative way.

  8. J. Fluid Mech. (2001), vol. 440, pp. 117145. Printed in the United Kingdom c 2001 Cambridge University Press

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hunt, Julian

    2001-01-01

    by steady vortices of strength ~ (with a typical radius Also at: Grupo de Mecanica de Fluidos, University

  9. Effects of sample geometry on the dynamics and configurations of vortices in mesoscopic superconductors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sangbum; Burkardt, John; Gunzburger, Max; Peterson, Janet.

    2007-01-01

    A computational study of mixed states in mesoscopic type-II superconducting cylinders is presented. The dependence of transient behaviors and steady-state configurations on the value of the applied magnetic field is examined as are the effects...

  10. Magnet Cable Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royet, J.M.

    2011-01-01

    J. Royet, "Magnet Cable Manufacturing", oral presentation atDivision Magnet Cable Manufacturing J. Royet October 1990J I Magnet Cable Manufacturing* John Royet Accelerator &

  11. Dynamic testing of polydimethylsiloxane for applications in micro-contact roll printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benjaminson, Emma Claire

    2014-01-01

    Micro-contact roll printing is an emerging alternative to photolithography as a means of cheaply manufacturing MEMS devices. Micro-contact roll printing control systems can regulate the printing pressure of a polydimethylsiloxane ...

  12. Evaluation of PC-ISO for customized, 3D printed, gynecologic 192Ir HDR brachytherapy applicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    A, Iuliano L, Violante MG. 3D printing technique applied toTengg-Kobligk H, et al. 3D printing based on imaging data:biocompatible, sterilizable 3D printing material, and its

  13. Improvement of 3D Printing Resolution by the Development of Shrinkable Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chia, Helena

    2014-01-01

    derived microstructures by 3D printing: bio-and structuralScaffold development using 3D printing with a starch-basedderived microstructures by 3D printing: bio-and structural

  14. "Printing" Tiny Batteries | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)

    Office of Science (SC) Website

    P: (202) 586-5430 06.24.13 "Printing" Tiny Batteries Researchers use sophisticated 3D printing techniques to create batteries the size of a grain of sand. Print Text Size: A A A...

  15. In Situ X-Ray Scattering Helps Optimize Printed Solar Cells

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In Situ X-Ray Scattering Helps Optimize Printed Solar Cells In Situ X-Ray Scattering Helps Optimize Printed Solar Cells Print Wednesday, 25 February 2015 00:00 Plastic solar cells...

  16. Print-and-Peel Fabrication for Microfluidics: Whats in it for Biomedical Applications?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Marlon S.; Millare, Brent; Clift, Joseph M.; Bao, Duoduo; Hong, Connie; Vullev, Valentine I.

    2010-01-01

    have the capability for 3D printing, and hence, for directlyof direct three-dimensional (3D) printing of masters using a3D elements allow for achieving fea- tures, demonstrated with solid-object printing,

  17. Improvement of 3D Printing Resolution by the Development of Shrinkable Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chia, Helena

    2014-01-01

    learned a lot about 3D printing and myself in this processderived microstructures by 3D printing: bio-and structuralScaffold development using 3D printing with a starch-based

  18. A Docking Casette For Printed Circuit Boards

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barringer, Dennis R. (Wallkill, NY); Seminaro, Edward J. (Milton, NY); Toffler, Harold M. (Newburgh, NY)

    2003-08-19

    A docking apparatus for printed circuit boards including a cassette housing, having a housing base, a housing cover and a housing wall, wherein the housing base and the housing wall are disposed relative to each other so as to define a housing cavity for containing a printed circuit board and wherein the housing wall includes a cable opening disposed so as to be communicated with the housing cavity, a linkage mechanism, wherein the linkage mechanism includes an engagement configuration and a disengagement configuration and wherein the linkage mechanism is disposed so as to be associated with the cassette housing and a housing bezel, wherein the housing bezel is disposed relative to the cassette housing so as to be associated with the cable opening.

  19. print_grid() add_vessel()

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharlin, Ehud

    grid.py print_grid() add_vessel() has_overlap() GRID_WIDTH GRID_HEIGHT NUM_VESSELS B VESSEL_NAMES[] VESSEL_SIZES[] human.py get_location() get_choice() grid_defend[] grid_attack[] import grid ai.py get, return false add_vessel(grid, row, column, size, direction) Check direction Single for loop (size

  20. Solar paint: From synthesis to printing

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhou, Xiaojing; Belcher, Warwick; Dastoor, Paul

    2014-11-13

    Water-based polymer nanoparticle dispersions (solar paint) offer the prospect of addressing two of the main challenges associated with printing large area organic photovoltaic devices; namely, how to control the nanoscale architecture of the active layer and eliminate the need for hazardous organic solvents during device fabrication. We review progress in the field of nanoparticulate organic photovoltaic (NPOPV) devices and future prospects for large-scale manufacturing of solar cells based on this technology.

  1. Printed Name: Page 1 of 9

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13Printed Name: Page 1 of 9 CHEM 3311 (300), Fall 2014 Professor Walba Third Hour Exam November 18: _____________________________ Recitation day and time: __________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes, calculators

  2. Printed Name: Page 1 of 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13Printed Name: Page 1 of 7 CHEM 3311-100, Fall 2013 Professor Walba Second Hour Exam October 22: ________________________________ Recitation day and time: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes

  3. Printed Name: Page 1 of 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13Printed Name: Page 1 of 6 CHEM 3311-100, Fall 2013 Professor Walba First Hour Exam September 24: ________________________________ Recitation day and time: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes

  4. Printed Name: Page 1 of 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Cl Ar Br I 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13Printed Name: Page 1 of 8 CHEM 3311-100, Fall 2013 Professor Walba Third Hour Exam November 19: ________________________________ Recitation day and time: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes

  5. DOE fundamentals handbook: Engineering symbology, prints, and drawings. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of engineering prints, their use, and their function. The handbook includes information on engineering fluid drawings and prints; piping and instrument drawings; major symbols and conventions; electronic diagrams and schematics; logic circuits and diagrams; and fabrication, construction, and architectural drawings. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for reading, interpreting, and using the engineering prints and drawings that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  6. DOE fundamentals handbook: Engineering symbology, prints, and drawings. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of engineering prints, their use, and their function. The handbook includes information on engineering fluid drawings and prints; piping and instrument drawings; major symbols and conventions; electronic diagrams and schematics; logic circuits and diagrams; and fabrication, construction, and architectural drawings. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for reading, interpreting, and using the engineering prints and drawings that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  7. DOE fundamentals handbook: Engineering symbology, prints, and drawings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Engineering Symbology, Prints, and Drawings Handbook was developed to assist nuclear facility operating contractors in providing operators, maintenance personnel, and technical staff with the necessary fundamentals training to ensure a basic understanding of engineering prints, their use, and their function. The handbook includes information on engineering fluid drawings and prints; piping and instrument drawings; major symbols and conventions; electronic diagrams and schematics; logic circuits and diagrams; and fabrication, construction, and architectural drawings. This information will provide personnel with a foundation for reading, interpreting, and using the engineering prints and drawings that are associated with various DOE nuclear facility operations and maintenance.

  8. Novel 3-D Printed Inverters for Electric Vehicles Can Improve...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Efficiency 3D Printed and Semiconductor Technology 'Mash-up' The General Motors Baltimore Operations facility at White Marsh is producing electric motors for the Chevrolet...

  9. Print of William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Stephen Catterson

    1860-01-01

    Print of a portrait painting of William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse (1800-1867) by Stephen Catterson Smith (1860)...

  10. Magnetic Stereoscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Wiegelmann; Bernd Inhester

    2006-12-21

    The space mission STEREO will provide images from two viewpoints. An important aim of the STEREO mission is to get a 3D view of the solar corona. We develop a program for the stereoscopic reconstruction of 3D coronal loops from images taken with the two STEREO spacecraft. A pure geometric triangulation of coronal features leads to ambiguities because the dilute plasma emissions complicates the association of features in image 1 with features in image 2. As a consequence of these problems the stereoscopic reconstruction is not unique and multiple solutions occur. We demonstrate how these ambiguities can be resolved with the help of different coronal magnetic field models (potential, linear and non-linear force-free fields). The idea is that, due to the high conductivity in the coronal plasma, the emitting plasma outlines the magnetic field lines. Consequently the 3D coronal magnetic field provides a proxy for the stereoscopy which allows to eliminate inconsistent configurations. The combination of stereoscopy and magnetic modelling is more powerful than one of these tools alone. We test our method with the help of a model active region and plan to apply it to the solar case as soon as STEREO data become available.

  11. Print-and-Peel Fabrication for Microfluidics: Whats in it for Biomedical Applications?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Marlon S.; Millare, Brent; Clift, Joseph M.; Bao, Duoduo; Hong, Connie; Vullev, Valentine I.

    2010-01-01

    of direct three-dimensional (3D) printing of masters using ahave the capability for 3D printing, and hence, for directly

  12. The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Lead, Advanced Manufacturing Office Additive manufacturing - often referred to as 3D printing - is a revolutionary way to design and build products. Until now, 3D printing has...

  13. Transitions between turbulent and laminar superfluid vorticity states in the outer core of a neutron star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Peralta; A. Melatos; M. Giacobello; A. Ooi

    2006-07-08

    We investigate the global transition from a turbulent state of superfluid vorticity to a laminar state, and vice versa, in the outer core of a neutron star. By solving numerically the hydrodynamic Hall-Vinen-Bekarevich-Khalatnikov equations for a rotating superfluid in a differentially rotating spherical shell, we find that the meridional counterflow driven by Ekman pumping exceeds the Donnelly-Glaberson threshold throughout most of the outer core, exciting unstable Kelvin waves which disrupt the rectilinear vortex array, creating a vortex tangle. In the turbulent state, the torque exerted on the crust oscillates, and the crust-core coupling is weaker than in the laminar state. This leads to a new scenario for the rotational glitches observed in radio pulsars: a vortex tangle is sustained in the differentially rotating outer core by the meridional counterflow, a sudden spin-up event brings the crust and core into corotation, the vortex tangle relaxes back to a rectilinear vortex array, then the crust spins down electromagnetically until enough meridional counterflow builds up to reform a vortex tangle. The turbulent-laminar transition can occur uniformly or in patches; the associated time-scales are estimated from vortex filament theory. We calculate numerically the global structure of the flow with and without an inviscid superfluid component, for Hall-Vinen and Gorter-Mellink forms of the mutual friction. We also calculate the post-glitch evolution of the angular velocity of the crust and its time derivative, and compare the results with radio pulse timing data, predicting a correlation between glitch activity and Reynolds number.

  14. Global-scale consequences of magnetic-helicity injection and condensation on the sun

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackay, Duncan H.; DeVore, C. Richard; Antiochos, Spiro K.

    2014-04-01

    In the recent paper of Antiochos, a new concept for the injection of magnetic helicity into the solar corona by small-scale convective motions and its condensation onto polarity inversion lines (PILs) was developed. We investigate this concept through global simulations of the Sun's photospheric and coronal magnetic fields, and compare the results with the hemispheric pattern of solar filaments. Assuming that the vorticity of the cells is predominantly counterclockwise/clockwise in the northern/southern hemisphere, the convective motions inject negative/positive helicity into each hemisphere. The simulations show that: (1) on a north-south oriented PIL, both differential rotation and convective motions inject the same sign of helicity, which matches that required to reproduce the hemispheric pattern of filaments. (2) On a high-latitude east-west oriented polar crown or subpolar crown PIL, the vorticity of the cells has to be approximately 2-3 times greater than the local differential-rotation gradient in order to overcome the incorrect sign of helicity injection from differential rotation. (3) In the declining phase of the cycle, as a bipole interacts with the polar field, in some cases, helicity condensation can reverse the effect of differential rotation along the east-west lead arm but not in all cases. The results show that this newly developed concept of magnetic helicity injection and condensation, in conjunction with the mechanisms used in Yeates et al., is a viable explanation for the hemispheric pattern of filaments. Future observational studies should focus on examining the vorticity component within convective motions to determine both its magnitude and latitudinal variation relative to the differential-rotation gradient on the Sun.

  15. Type I and Two-Gap Superconductivity in Neutron Star Magnetism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P B Jones

    2006-08-18

    Neutron-star inner cores with several charged baryonic components are likely to be analogues of the two-gap superconductor which is of current interest in condensed-matter physics. Consequently, type I superconductivity is less probable than type II but may nevertheless be present in some intervals of matter density. The intermediate state structure formed at finite magnetic flux densities after the superconducting transitions is subject to buoyancy, frictional and neutron-vortex interaction forces. These are estimated and it is shown that the most important frictional force is that produced by the stable stratification of neutron-star matter, the irreversible process being diffusion in the normal, finite magnetic-flux density, parts of the structure. The length-scale of the structure, in directions perpendicular to the local magnetic field is of crucial importance. For small scales, the flux comoves with the neutron vortices, as do the proton vortices of a type II superconductor. But for much larger length-scales, flux movement tends to that expected for normal charged Fermi systems.

  16. Magnetic monopole versus vortex as gauge-invariant topological objects for quark confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondo, Kei-Ichi; Shinohara, Toru; Shibata, Akihiro; Kato, Seikou

    2015-01-01

    First, we give a gauge-independent definition of chromomagnetic monopoles in $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills theory which is derived through a non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator. Then we discuss how such magnetic monopoles can give a nontrivial contribution to the Wilson loop operator for understanding the area law of the Wilson loop average. Next, we discuss how the magnetic monopole condensation picture are compatible with the vortex condensation picture as another promising scenario for quark confinement. We analyze the profile function of the magnetic flux tube as the non-Abelian vortex solution of $U(N)$ gauge-Higgs model, which is to be compared with numerical simulations of the $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills theory on a lattice. This analysis gives an estimate of the string tension based on the vortex condensation picture, and possible interactions between two non-Abelian vortices.

  17. Magnetic monopole versus vortex as gauge-invariant topological objects for quark confinement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kei-Ichi Kondo; Takaaki Sasago; Toru Shinohara; Akihiro Shibata; Seikou Kato

    2015-08-08

    First, we give a gauge-independent definition of chromomagnetic monopoles in $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills theory which is derived through a non-Abelian Stokes theorem for the Wilson loop operator. Then we discuss how such magnetic monopoles can give a nontrivial contribution to the Wilson loop operator for understanding the area law of the Wilson loop average. Next, we discuss how the magnetic monopole condensation picture are compatible with the vortex condensation picture as another promising scenario for quark confinement. We analyze the profile function of the magnetic flux tube as the non-Abelian vortex solution of $U(N)$ gauge-Higgs model, which is to be compared with numerical simulations of the $SU(N)$ Yang-Mills theory on a lattice. This analysis gives an estimate of the string tension based on the vortex condensation picture, and possible interactions between two non-Abelian vortices.

  18. Conditional averaging on volumetric velocity fields for analysis of the pseudo-periodic organization of jet-in-crossflow vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambonie, Tristan

    2014-01-01

    Volumetric velocimetry measurements have been performed on a round jet in crossflow (JICF). Two kind of conditional averaging process are presented : a global conditional average (GCA) and a local conditional average (LCA). Vortices crossing the JICF symmetry plane are used to quantify the jet pseudo-periodicity leading to the GCA and LCA definitions. Because they make possible to improve the velocity field resolution as well as to significantly reduce the experimental noise, these conditional averages are an interesting and efficient way to study the instantaneous swirling structures of this instantaneous flow.

  19. Magnetic Reconnection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Masaaki Yamada, Russell Kulsrud and Hantao Ji

    2009-09-17

    We review the fundamental physics of magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space plasmas, by discussing results from theory, numerical simulations, observations from space satellites, and the recent results from laboratory plasma experiments. After a brief review of the well-known early work, we discuss representative recent experimental and theoretical work and attempt to interpret the essence of significant modern findings. In the area of local reconnection physics, many significant findings have been made with regard to two- uid physics and are related to the cause of fast reconnection. Profiles of the neutral sheet, Hall currents, and the effects of guide field, collisions, and micro-turbulence are discussed to understand the fundamental processes in a local reconnection layer both in space and laboratory plasmas. While the understanding of the global reconnection dynamics is less developed, notable findings have been made on this issue through detailed documentation of magnetic self-organization phenomena in fusion plasmas. Application of magnetic reconnection physics to astrophysical plasmas is also brie y discussed.

  20. Conference Registration Form 1. PARTICIPANT INFORMATION (Print or Type)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    Conference Registration Form 1. PARTICIPANT INFORMATION (Print or Type) Last Name Fax Mailing. REGISTRATION FEES *** Rates for Pre-Conference Workshop apply to both members and non-members Print Form Save Email #12;Conference Registration Form Name of Participant 3. PAYMENT SUMMARY Pre-Conference Workshop

  1. Chemical technology news from across RSC Publishing. Printing solar panels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Publishing Chemical technology news from across RSC Publishing. Printing solar panels 22 January size) silicon microcells that connect together to form flexible solar panels. By stamping hundreds solar panels 2/8/2010http://www.rsc.org/Publishing/ChemTech/Volume/2010/02/printing_solar.asp #12;Page 2

  2. Inkjet-printed Sensors on Paper Substrate for Agricultural Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    . Tentzeris School of Electrical and Computer Engineeing, Georgia Institute of Technology, GA, USA CNRS to lower the cost of the inkjet-printed electronics. The electrical properties of inkjet-printed silver. It is also one of the cheapest material in the world as well as decomposes completely in nature. Plus

  3. Fabrication of asymmetrically coated colloid particles by microcontact printing techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velev, Orlin D.

    Janus particles,4 non-spherical shaped ``acorn'' particles5,6 and unsymmetrical 3D macromoleculesFabrication of asymmetrically coated colloid particles by microcontact printing techniques Olivier particles by using a microcontact printing technique. Films of water-insoluble ionic surfactants deposited

  4. 3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    3D PRINTING FOR INTELLIGENT METALLIC STRUCTURES M. Strantza1 , D. De Baere2 , M. Rombouts3 , SSHM system is produced by 3D printing or additive manufacturing. Additive Manufacturing (AM) is a "process to enable its implementation. This work demonstrates the feasibility study of eSHM systems produced by 3D

  5. PAPILLON: Designing Curved Display Surfaces With Printed Optics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poupyrev, Ivan

    manufac- tured as arbitrary 3D shapes. Flexible displays, such as or- ganic light emitting displays (OLED. It is based on 3D printed optics, where the surface of the display is constructed as a bundle of printed light elements also direct light from the surface of the display back to the image sensor allowing for touch

  6. Patterned Magnetic Nanostructures and Quantized Magnetic Disks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -increasing demands in data storage and to new applications of magnetic devices in the field of sensors. NewPatterned Magnetic Nanostructures and Quantized Magnetic Disks STEPHEN Y. CHOU Invited Paper, opens up new opportunities for engineering innovative magnetic materials and devices, developing ultra

  7. Instabilities of vortices in a binary mixture of trapped Bose-Einstein condensates: Role of excitations with positive and negative energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dmitry V. Skryabin

    2000-11-08

    Correspondence between frequency and energy spectra and biorthogonality conditions for the excitations of Bose-Einstein condensates described by Gross-Pitaevskii model have been derived selfconsistently revealing several novel aspects originating in nonselfadjoitness of the Bogoliubov operator. It has been demonstrated that frequency resonances of the excitations with positive and negative energies can lead to their mutual annihilation and appearance of the collective modes with complex frequencies and zero energies. Conditions for the avoided crossing of energy levels have also been discussed. General theory has been verified both numerically and analytically in the weak interaction limit considering an example of vortices in a binary mixture of condensates. Growth of excitations with complex frequencies leads to spiraling of the unit and double vortices out of the condensate center to its periphery and to splitting of the double and higher order vortices to the unit ones.

  8. SolarPrint | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeter Battery TechnologySocovoltaicCorporationTechnology IncSolarPrint

  9. Toppan Printing Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc JumpHeterInformation PolicyTinna GroupToppan Printing Co Ltd Jump to:

  10. Computational Light Routing: 3D Printed Optical Fibers For Sensing and Display

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    applications. Printing optical fibers is made possible by modern multi-material 3D printers. We print twoComputational Light Routing: 3D Printed Optical Fibers For Sensing and Display THIAGO PEREIRA or restrict themselves to light dif- fusion in volumes. We use multi-material 3D printing to fabricate objects

  11. Evaluation of PC-ISO for customized, 3D printed, gynecologic 192Ir HDR brachytherapy applicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    biocompatible, thermoplastic, 3D printing material, for useterpolymers family of thermoplastics that are made of three

  12. Hot Melt Inks for 3D Printing Veronika Chovancova*, Alexandra Pekarovicova* and Paul D. Fleming III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleming, Paul D. "Dan"

    Hot Melt Inks for 3D Printing Veronika Chovancova*, Alexandra Pekarovicova* and Paul D. Fleming III for 3D printing comprises different waxes, tackifier and plasticizer resins, rheology modifiers, and UV rheological (or flow) behavior. 1 3D printing, direct ink-jet printing, and related approaches such as hot

  13. Electrical characteristics of Harwell 7000 series dataway (Multilayer printed circuit board type 94/40148-6)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hale, F H

    1970-01-01

    Electrical characteristics of Harwell 7000 series dataway (Multilayer printed circuit board type 94/40148-6)

  14. Superconducting Magnet Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ramesh

    Superconducting Magnet Division Permanent Magnet Designs with Large Variations in Field Strength the residual field of the magnetized bricks by concentrating flux lines at the iron pole. Low Field Design Medium Field Design Superconducting Magnet Division Dipole and Quadrupole Magnets for RHIC e

  15. Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muneto Nitta

    2015-08-06

    A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex (flux tube) absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory, that is the $U(N)$ principal chiral model.

  16. Josephson junction of non-Abelian superconductors and non-Abelian Josephson vortices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nitta, Muneto

    2015-01-01

    A Josephson junction is made of two superconductors sandwiching an insulator, and a Josephson vortex is a magnetic vortex absorbed into the Josephson junction, whose dynamics can be described by the sine-Gordon equation. In a field theory framework, a flexible Josephson junction was proposed, in which the Josephson junction is represented by a domain wall separating two condensations and a Josephson vortex is a sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory. In this paper, we propose a Josephson junction of non-Abelian color superconductors, that is described by a non-Abelian domain wall, and show that a non-Abelian vortex (color magnetic flux tube) absorbed into it is a non-Abelian Josephson vortex represented as a non-Abelian sine-Gordon soliton in the domain wall effective theory.

  17. Superconducting magnet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Satti, John A. (Naperville, IL)

    1980-01-01

    A superconducting magnet designed to produce magnetic flux densities of the order of 4 to 5 Webers per square meter is constructed by first forming a cable of a plurality of matrixed superconductor wires with each wire of the plurality insulated from each other one. The cable is shaped into a rectangular cross-section and is wound with tape in an open spiral to create cooling channels. Coils are wound in a calculated pattern in saddle shapes to produce desired fields, such as dipoles, quadrupoles, and the like. Wedges are inserted between adjacent cables as needed to maintain substantially radial placement of the long dimensions of cross sections of the cables. After winding, individual strands in each of the cables are brought out to terminals and are interconnected to place all of the strands in series and to maximize the propagation of a quench by alternating conduction from an inner layer to an outer layer and from top half to bottom half as often as possible. Individual layers are separated from others by spiraled aluminum spacers to facilitate cooling. The wound coil is wrapped with an epoxy tape that is cured by heat and then machined to an interference fit with an outer aluminum pipe which is then affixed securely to the assembled coil by heating it to make a shrink fit. In an alternate embodiment, one wire of the cable is made of copper or the like to be heated externally to propagate a quench.

  18. A holographic model of d-wave superconductor vortices with Lifshitz scaling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong Guo; Fu-Wen Shu; Jing-He Chen; Hui Li; Ze Yu

    2015-02-03

    We study analytically the $d$-wave holographic superconductors with Lifshitz scaling in the presence of external magnetic field. The vortex lattice solutions of the model have also been obtained with different Lifshitz scaling. Our results imply that holographic $d$-wave superconductor is indeed a type II one even for different Lifshitz scaling. This is the same as the conventional $d$-wave superconductors in the Ginzburg-Landau theory. Our results also indicate that the dynamical exponent $z$ has no effect to the shape of the vortex lattice even after higher order corrections (away from the phase transition point $B_c$) are included. However, it has effects on the upper critical magnetic field $B_{c_2}$ through the fact that a larger $z$ results in a smaller $B_{c_2}$ and therefore influences the size (characterized by $r_0\\equiv 1/\\sqrt{B_{c_2}}$) of the vortex lattices. Furthermore, close comparisons between our results and those of the Ginzburg-Landau theory reveal the fact that the upper critical magnetic field $B_{c_2}$ is inversely proportional to the square of the superconducting coherence length $\\xi$, regardless of the anisotropy between space and time.

  19. Nanostructured magnetic materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Keith T.

    2011-01-01

    Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Conference, Atlanta, GA (Nanostructured Magnetic Materials by Keith T. Chan Doctor ofinduced by a Si-based material occurs at a Si/Ni interface

  20. Suitability for 3D Printed Parts for Laboratory Use

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zwicker, Andrew P.; Bloom, Josh; Albertson, Robert; Gershman, Sophia

    2014-08-01

    3D printing has become popular for a variety of users, from industrial to the home hobbyist, to scientists and engineers interested in producing their own laboratory equipment. In order to determine the suitability of 3D printed parts for our plasma physics laboratory, we measured the accuracy, strength, vacuum compatibility, and electrical properties of pieces printed in plastic. The flexibility of rapidly creating custom parts has led to the 3D printer becoming an invaluable resource in our laboratory and is equally suitable for producing equipment for advanced undergraduate laboratories.

  1. One-dimensional Mott localization of quantum vortices in Josephson-junction arrays A. van Oudenaarden, B. van Leeuwen, M. P. M. Robbens, and J. E. Mooij

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Oudenaarden, Alexander

    of superconducting islands. In a square array each island is weakly coupled to its four neighboring islands is analogous to vortices in type-II superconductors. An important difference however is the absence of a single Josephson junc- tion and 0 is the superconducting flux quantum. The other important energy scale

  2. European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids 26 (2007) 779794 The merging of two co-rotating vortices: a numerical study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids 26 (2007) 779794 The merging of two co-rotating vortices in velocity fields may be central to study singular behav- iours, enstrophy production or dissipation in fluid number simulations, a tool which authorises the phenomenon to be studied in a "clean" context. In real

  3. Magnets and Power Supplies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Up: APS Storage Ring Parameters Previous: Longitudinal bunch profile and Magnets and Power Supplies Dipole Magnets and Power Supplies Value Dipole Number 80+1 No. of power...

  4. SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassenzahl, W.

    2011-01-01

    Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storage Coil", Proc. 19 80 ASC,Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEE Trans.SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", in Advances

  5. J. Fluid Mech. (2006), vol. 563, pp. 199222. c 2006 Cambridge University Press doi:10.1017/S0022112006001170 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flr, Jan-Bert

    2006-01-01

    with a Rankine-type vortex with a Gaussian vertical distribution of vertical vorticity. The rays are traced involves the organization into large- and meso-scale vortices, while waves are continuously generated

  6. Taming the degeneration of Bessel beams at anisotropic-isotropic interface: toward 3D control of confined vortical waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riaud, Antoine; Baudoin, Michael; Matar, Olivier Bou

    2015-01-01

    Despite their self-reconstruction properties in heterogeneous media, Bessel beams are known to degenerate when they are refracted from an isotropic to an anisotropic medium. In this paper, we study the converse situation wherein an anisotropic Bessel beam is refracted into an isotropic medium. It is shown that these anisotropic Bessel beams also degenerate, leading to confined vortical waves that may serve as localized particle trap for acoustical tweezers. The linear nature of this degeneration allows the 3D control of this trap position by wavefront correction. Theory is confronted to experiments performed in the field of acoustics. A swirling surface acoustic wave is synthesized at the surface of a piezoelectric crystal by a MEMS integrated system and radiated inside a miniature liquid vessel. The wavefront correction is operated with inverse filter technique. This work opens perspectives for contactless on-chip manipulation devices.

  7. Beyond 3D Printing: The New Dimensions of Additive Fabrication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keating, Steven John

    Additive fabrication, often referred to as 3D printing, is the construction of objects by adding material. This stands in contrast to subtractive methods, which involve removing material by means of milling or cutting. ...

  8. 3D-Printed Car by Local Motors- The Strati

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A timelapse video of the production process behind The Strati - the 3D-printed car by Local Motors, which manufactured with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and delivered at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September of 2014.

  9. Dispenser Printed Zinc Microbattery with an Ionic Liquid Gel Electrolyte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Christine Chihfan

    2010-01-01

    the energy storage capacity. Since 3D silicon morphologiesenergy storage device on the substrate area surrounding MEMS vibration energy harvesters that were microfabricated onto a siliconsilicon die. (b-d) The dispenser printer deposits a multilayer printed energy storage

  10. Direct printing of lead zirconate titanate thin films

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bathurst, Stephen, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Thus far, use of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) in MEMS has been limited due to the lack of process compatibility with existing MEMS manufacturing techniques. Direct printing of thin films eliminates the need for photolithographic ...

  11. 3D printing rises to the occasion | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    3D printing rises to the occasion ORNL group shows how it's done, one layer at a time A perforated metal box produced by an Arcam 3D printer. This detailed A perforated metal box...

  12. Active Printed Materials for Complex Self-Evolving Deformations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Wei

    We propose a new design of complex self-evolving structures that vary over time due to environmental interaction. In conventional 3D printing systems, materials are meant to be stable rather than active and fabricated ...

  13. 2013 Santa Sleigh 3D Printing Winner | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Engineers Pick Winner of 2013 Santa Sleigh 3D Printing Design Contest Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window) Share on Facebook (Opens in new window) Click to share...

  14. Instructions to Print Monthly P-card Statement

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to Print Monthly P-card Statement 1. Go to Website https:gov1.paymentnet.com and login with your Organization ID, User ID and Pass Phrase. Organization ID is doe0001. User ID and...

  15. Power, politics, and prints : redefining art practice in Oaxaca City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, Hannah Peterkort

    2011-01-01

    camp. Movements such as pop art or new media art have28. nonetheless. While pop-art was based on challengingArts 16 Tallman, Susan. The Contemporary Print: from Pre-Pop

  16. Tungsten carbide-cobalt by Three Dimensional Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelley, Andrew, III

    1998-01-01

    Three Dimensional Printing is an additive manufacturing process for rapid prototyping ceramic and metallic parts [Sachs, et al, 1990]. Green (not sintered) tungsten carbide-cobalt parts must have a density greater than 50% ...

  17. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Oak Ridge National Lab's work with Local Motors to build a 3D-printed car was highlighted at the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS) in September 2014 with a live demonstration.

  18. Europe / Brussels briefing Print article | Email article Brussels agenda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Europe / Brussels briefing Print article | Email article Brussels agenda By our Brussels staff commissioner, will relaunch the Europe Direct helpline, as part of a drive to bring the bloc "closer" to its

  19. Magnetic Damping For Maglev

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhu, S.; Cai, Y.; Rote, D.M.; Chen, S.S.

    1998-01-01

    Magnetic damping is one of the important parameters that control the response and stability of maglev systems. An experimental study to measure magnetic damping directly is presented. A plate attached to a permanent magnet levitated on a rotating drum was tested to investigate the effect of various parameters, such as conductivity, gap, excitation frequency, and oscillation amplitude, on magnetic damping. The experimental technique is capable of measuring all of the magnetic damping coefficients, some of which cannot be measured indirectly.

  20. TechnologyReview.com |Print Forums

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    collaboration has developed a design to sustain such a so-called "burning plasma," generating about 500 as large, and also requires the use of superconducting magnets that consume negligible electric power for their operation. Decades of fundamental scientific research and detailed engineering design have bolstered

  1. Nanocomposite Magnets: Transformational Nanostructured Permanent Magnets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-10-01

    Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: GE is using nanomaterials technology to develop advanced magnets that contain fewer rare earth materials than their predecessors. Nanomaterials technology involves manipulating matter at the atomic or molecular scale, which can represent a stumbling block for magnets because it is difficult to create a finely grained magnet at that scale. GE is developing bulk magnets with finely tuned structures using iron-based mixtures that contain 80% less rare earth materials than traditional magnets, which will reduce their overall cost. These magnets will enable further commercialization of HEVs, EVs, and wind turbine generators while enhancing U.S. competitiveness in industries that heavily utilize these alternatives to rare earth minerals.

  2. Magnetic infrasound sensor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mueller, Fred M. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence (Los Alamos, NM); Grube, Holger (Los Alamos, NM); Nelson, David C. (Santa Fe, NM); Mace, Jonathan L. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2006-11-14

    A magnetic infrasound sensor is produced by constraining a permanent magnet inside a magnetic potential well above the surface of superconducting material. The magnetic infrasound sensor measures the position or movement of the permanent magnet within the magnetic potential well, and interprets the measurements. Infrasound sources can be located and characterized by combining the measurements from one or more infrasound sensors. The magnetic infrasound sensor can be tuned to match infrasound source types, resulting in better signal-to-noise ratio. The present invention can operate in frequency modulation mode to improve sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio. In an alternate construction, the superconductor can be levitated over a magnet or magnets. The system can also be driven, so that time resolved perturbations are sensed, resulting in a frequency modulation version with improved sensitivity and signal-to-noise ratio.

  3. Magnetic switch coupling to synchronize magnetic modulators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, Kim W. (Albuquerque, NM); Kiekel, Paul (Albuquerque, NM)

    1999-01-01

    Apparatus for synchronizing the output pulses from a pair of magnetic switches. An electrically conductive loop is provided between the pair of switches with the loop having windlings about the core of each of the magnetic switches. The magnetic coupling created by the loop removes voltage and timing variations between the outputs of the two magnetic switches caused by any of a variety of factors. The only remaining variation is a very small fixed timing offset caused by the geometry and length of the loop itself.

  4. Magnetic switch coupling to synchronize magnetic modulators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reed, K.W.; Kiekel, P.

    1999-04-27

    Apparatus for synchronizing the output pulses from a pair of magnetic switches is disclosed. An electrically conductive loop is provided between the pair of switches with the loop having windings about the core of each of the magnetic switches. The magnetic coupling created by the loop removes voltage and timing variations between the outputs of the two magnetic switches caused by any of a variety of factors. The only remaining variation is a very small fixed timing offset caused by the geometry and length of the loop itself. 13 figs.

  5. Print-and-Peel Fabrication for Microfluidics: Whats in it for Biomedical Applications?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Marlon S.; Millare, Brent; Clift, Joseph M.; Bao, Duoduo; Hong, Connie; Vullev, Valentine I.

    2010-01-01

    Solid-object printers have the capability for 3D printing,single-step 3D molding without a solid-object printer. 33,763D) printing of masters using a solid-object printer.

  6. Precision control of cylindrical stamp contact in a continuous roll-to-roll microcontact printing machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libert, Adam M. (Adam Marcus)

    2014-01-01

    Microcontact printing is a form of soft lithography that uses a molded elastomeric stamp to print patterns with micron and sub-micron scale features. This is an effective low-cost technique for replicating master patterns ...

  7. Using 3D Printing to Redesign Santa's Sleigh | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    In the past, we've utilized GE technology to redesign Santa's Sleigh and have asked our additive manufacturing researchers to design and print 3D printed Christmas tree...

  8. Toward Nanoscale Three-Dimensional Printing: Nanowalls Built of Electrospun Nanofibers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Ho-Young

    . This novel 3D printing scheme can be applied to the development of various 3D nanoscale objects including manufacturing for several decades.1 So- called 3D printing is reaching a stage where the desired products can

  9. 3-D Printed Electrically and Optically Paced Skeletal Muscle Based Biological Machines Caroline Cvetkovic, Bioengineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilian, Kristopher A.

    3-D Printed Electrically and Optically Paced Skeletal Muscle Based Biological Machines Caroline Research Aims and Goals To use 3D printing technologies to fabricate the structure of the biological

  10. Analysis of the capabilities of continuous high-speed microcontact printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khanna, Kanika

    2008-01-01

    Microcontact printing uses elastomeric stamps to transfer ink onto a substrate by the process of self-assembly. It has the capability to print features as small as 200nm over large areas. Because of this it has many potential ...

  11. Design and analysis of high-speed continuous micro-contact printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Xiao, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    Micro-contact printing ([mu]CP) is a technology that prints directly off a patterned elastomeric stamp by transferring only a molecular monolayer of ink to a surface, providing a low-cost, high resolution and widely ...

  12. Design and manufacturing of high precision roll-to-roll multilayer printing machine -- machine upgrade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Yufei

    2009-01-01

    In 2008, a group of MIT Master of Engineering students built a roll to roll machine for printing thiol onto a flexible gold substrate by self-assembly. The machine demonstrated good performance in high speed printing (400 ...

  13. Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life Photo Gallery: 3D Printing Brings Classic Shelby Cobra to Life April 15, 2015 - 4:02pm Addthis Zero to 60 in under...

  14. Evaporative printing of organic materials and metals and development of organic memories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Sung Hoon, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    The advantages of directed printing make it the ideal fabrication tool for the ubiquitous electronic technologies of the future. However, direct printing techniques such as ink-jet technology, are currently limited to ...

  15. ANU Library | anulib.anu.edu.au October 2013 ANU Print Repository request service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Journals, books and pamphlets held in the ANU Print Repository are available for loan in accordance and pamphlets held in the ANU Print Repository may be requested. The copyright declaration must be completed

  16. Impact of 3D printing on global supply chains by 2020

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhasin, Varun

    2014-01-01

    This thesis aims to quantitatively estimate the potential impact of 3D Printing on global supply chains. Industrial adoption of 3D Printing has been increasing gradually from prototyping to manufacturing of low volume ...

  17. Controlling Magnetism at the Nanoscale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Jared

    2012-01-01

    157 A.2 Magnetism Unit Conversion148 A.1 Magnetism Unit ConversionAm) Table A.1: Magnetism Unit Conversion Table Quantity A.1

  18. Understanding Wax Printing: A Simple Micropatterning Process for Paper-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prentiss, Mara

    Understanding Wax Printing: A Simple Micropatterning Process for Paper-Based Microfluidics Emanuel a detailed study on wax printing, a simple and inexpensive method for fabricating microfluidic devices in paper using a commercially avail- able printer and hot plate. The printer prints patterns of solid wax

  19. Edit: Study -APP Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biederman, Irving

    Edit: Study - APP Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 01. Project Guidance Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 01. Project IdentificationStarDev/ResourceAdministration/Project/ProjectEditor?Project=com... 1 #12;Edit: Study - APP- Save | Exit | Hide/Show Errors | Print... | Jump To: 02. Study

  20. Using Bayesian Networks in an Industrial Setting: Making Printing Systems Adaptive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lucas, Peter

    . For example, in printing systems such characteristics include power di- vision and consumption, the speed of printing, and the quality of the print product. Such trade-offs heavily depend on the system's envi products or low throughput of paper. The problem of adaptability concerns taking actions based on available

  1. Tracking @stemxcomet: Teaching Programming to Blind Students via 3D Printing, Crisis Management, and Twitter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kane, Shaun K.

    r Tracking @stemxcomet: Teaching Programming to Blind Students via 3D Printing, Crisis Management such as 3D printing offer an opportunity for students to write programs that produce tactile objects and suggests future directions for integrating data analysis and 3D printing into programming instruction

  2. Bridging the Gap: Automated Steady Scaffoldings for 3D Printing Jrmie Dumas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lvy, Bruno

    Bridging the Gap: Automated Steady Scaffoldings for 3D Printing Jrmie Dumas Universit de Figure 1: The upper leg of the Poppy robot (www.poppy-project.org) cannot be 3D printed on low cost FDM usage. Abstract Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) is the process of 3D printing ob- jects from melted

  3. Manipulating complex network structures in virtual reality and 3D printing of the results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verschure, Paul

    Manipulating complex network structures in virtual reality and 3D printing of the results Alberto the results at any time for direct 3D printing. 1. INTRODUCTION Although its first appearance on the market can be tracked up to three decades ago, stereolithography (also known as 3D printing) has become

  4. Custom 3D-Printed Rollers for Frieze Pattern Cookies Robert Hanson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Custom 3D-Printed Rollers for Frieze Pattern Cookies Robert Hanson Towson University, Emeritus a method for converting images of repeating patterns, e.g., Roman friezes or Escher tessellations, into 3D-printed the world of mathematics and the art of cooking. Fractal cookies based on stretching and folding [1] and 3D-printed

  5. Effect of viscoelasticity on liquid transfer during gravure printing Ashwin K. Sankaran, Jonathan P. Rothstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothstein, Jonathan

    the many existing web coating and printing techniques for large-scale fabrication such as slit, roll, dip]. The primary advantage of roll-to-roll processing that is large areas of coated/printed films can be processed March 2012 Keywords: Viscoelasticity Gravure printing Pickout process Extensional rheology Coating a b

  6. MAE SEMINAR Recent advances in Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing Technologies, Material Science and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mease, Kenneth D.

    MAE SEMINAR Recent advances in Additive Manufacturing/3D Printing Technologies, Material Science Samueli School of Engineering University of California Irvine 3D printing or Additive Manufacturing in different shapes. 3D printing is also considered distinct from traditional machining techniques, which

  7. Customization and 3D Printing: A Challenging Playground for Software Product Lines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Customization and 3D Printing: A Challenging Playground for Software Product Lines Mathieu Acher firstname.lastname@irisa.fr ABSTRACT 3D printing is gaining more and more momentum to build customized. We provide hints that SPL-alike techniques are practically used in 3D printing and thus relevant

  8. Cost-effective Printing of 3D Objects with Skin-Frame Structures Weiming Wang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Jiansong

    ; Keywords: 3D printing, fabrication, frame structure, sparsity op- timization Corresponding author: yangzw@ustc.edu.cn (Zhouwang Yang) 1 Introduction Additive manufacturing (3D printing) enables fabrication of physi- cal techniques of 3D printing has received considerable attention for assisting users to generate desired

  9. Graphene Transistors Fabricated via Transfer-Printing In Device Active-Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graphene Transistors Fabricated via Transfer-Printing In Device Active-Areas on Large Wafer Xiaogan graphene islands from a graphite and then uses transfer printing to place the islands from the stamp from the printed graphene. The transistors show a hole and electron mobility of 3735 and 795 cm2/V

  10. Improved E-jet Printing Provides Higher Resolution And More Versatility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Improved E-jet Printing Provides Higher Resolution And More Versatility Science Daily have established new benchmarks for precision control and resolution in jet-printing processes. "We have invented methods for an electrohydrodynamic jet (e-jet) printing process that can produce patterns

  11. Magnetic Graphene Nanohole Superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Decai; Liu, Miao; Liu, Wei; Liu, Feng

    2008-01-01

    We investigate the magnetic properties of nano-holes (NHs) patterned in graphene using first principles calculations. We show that superlattices consisting of a periodic array of NHs form a new family of 2D crystalline "bulk" magnets whose collective magnetic behavior is governed by inter-NH spin-spin interaction. They exhibit long-range magnetic order well above room temperature. Furthermore, magnetic semiconductors can be made by doping magnetic NHs into semiconducting NH superlattices. Our findings offer a new material system for fundamental studies of spin-spin interaction and magnetic ordering in low dimensions, and open up the exciting opportunities of making engineered magnetic materials for storage media and spintronics applications.

  12. Magnetic assisted statistical assembly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Diana I

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to develop a process using magnetic forces to assemble micro-components into recesses on silicon based integrated circuits. Patterned SmCo magnetic thin films at the bottom of recesses are ...

  13. Optical systems fabricated by printing-based assembly

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rogers, John (Champaign, IL); Nuzzo, Ralph (Champaign, IL); Meitl, Matthew (Durham, NC); Menard, Etienne (Durham, NC); Baca, Alfred J. (Urbana, IL); Motala, Michael (Champaign, IL); Ahn, Jong-Hyun (Suwon, KR); Park, Sang-II (Savoy, IL); Yu; Chang-Jae (Urbana, IL); Ko, Heung-Cho (Gwangju, KR); Stoykovich; Mark (Dover, NH); Yoon, Jongseung (Urbana, IL)

    2011-07-05

    Provided are optical devices and systems fabricated, at least in part, via printing-based assembly and integration of device components. In specific embodiments the present invention provides light emitting systems, light collecting systems, light sensing systems and photovoltaic systems comprising printable semiconductor elements, including large area, high performance macroelectronic devices. Optical systems of the present invention comprise semiconductor elements assembled, organized and/or integrated with other device components via printing techniques that exhibit performance characteristics and functionality comparable to single crystalline semiconductor based devices fabricated using conventional high temperature processing methods. Optical systems of the present invention have device geometries and configurations, such as form factors, component densities, and component positions, accessed by printing that provide a range of useful device functionalities. Optical systems of the present invention include devices and device arrays exhibiting a range of useful physical and mechanical properties including flexibility, shapeability, conformability and stretchablity.

  14. Optical systems fabricated by printing-based assembly

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, John; Nuzzo, Ralph; Meitl, Matthew; Menard, Etienne; Baca, Alfred J; Motala, Michael; Ahn, Jong-Hyun; Park, Sang-Il; Yu, Chang-Jae; Ko, Heung Cho; Stoykovich, Mark; Yoon, Jongseung

    2014-05-13

    Provided are optical devices and systems fabricated, at least in part, via printing-based assembly and integration of device components. In specific embodiments the present invention provides light emitting systems, light collecting systems, light sensing systems and photovoltaic systems comprising printable semiconductor elements, including large area, high performance macroelectronic devices. Optical systems of the present invention comprise semiconductor elements assembled, organized and/or integrated with other device components via printing techniques that exhibit performance characteristics and functionality comparable to single crystalline semiconductor based devices fabricated using conventional high temperature processing methods. Optical systems of the present invention have device geometries and configurations, such as form factors, component densities, and component positions, accessed by printing that provide a range of useful device functionalities. Optical systems of the present invention include devices and device arrays exhibiting a range of useful physical and mechanical properties including flexibility, shapeability, conformability and stretchablity.

  15. Sculplexity: Sculptures of Complexity using 3D printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reiss, D S; Evans, T S

    2014-01-01

    We show how to convert models of complex systems such as 2D cellular automata into a 3D printed object. Our method takes into account the limitations inherent to 3D printing processes and materials. Our approach automates the greater part of this task, bypassing the use of CAD software and the need for manual design. As a proof of concept, a physical object representing a modified forest fire model was successfully printed. Automated conversion methods similar to the ones developed here can be used to create objects for research, for demonstration and teaching, for outreach, or simply for aesthetic pleasure. As our outputs can be touched, they may be particularly useful for those with visual disabilities.

  16. On the electromagnetic nature of dark energy and the origin of cosmic magnetic fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose Beltran Jimenez; Antonio L. Maroto

    2011-01-11

    In this work we consider quantum electromagnetic fields in an expanding universe. We start by reviewing the difficulties found when trying to impose the Lorenz condition in a time-dependent geometry. Motivated by this fact, we explore the possibility of extending the electromagnetic theory by allowing the scalar state which is usually eliminated by means of the Lorenz condition to propagate, preserving at the same time the dynamics of ordinary transverse photons. We show that the new state cannot be generated by charged currents, but it breaks conformal invariance and can be excited gravitationally. In fact, primordial quantum fluctuations produced during inflation can give rise to super-Hubble temporal electromagnetic modes whose energy density behaves as a cosmological constant. The value of the effective cosmological constant is shown to agree with observations provided inflation took place at the electroweak scale. The theory is compatible with all the local gravity tests and is free from classical or quantum instabilities. Thus we see that, not only the true nature of dark energy can be established without resorting to new physics, but also the value of the cosmological constant finds a natural explanation in the context of standard inflationary cosmology. On sub-Hubble scales, the new state generates an effective charge density which, due to the high electric conductivity of the cosmic plasma after inflation, gives rise to both vorticity and magnetic fields. Present upper limits on vorticity coming from CMB anisotropies are translated into lower limits on the present value of cosmic magnetic fields. We find that magnetic fields $B_{\\lambda}> 10^{-12}$ G can be typically generated with coherence lengths ranging from sub-galactic scales up to the present Hubble radius.

  17. Moving beyond the limits of mass transport in liquid absorbent microfilms through the implementation of surface-induced vortices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bigham, S; Yu, DZ; Chugh, D; Moghaddam, S

    2014-02-01

    The slow diffusion of an absorbate molecule into an absorbent often makes the absorption process a rate-limiting step in many applications. In cases involving an absorbate with a high heat of phase change, such as water absorption into a LiBr (lithium bromide) solution, the absorption rate is further slowed due to significant heating of the absorbent. Recently, it has been demonstrated that constraining a LiBr solution film by a hydrophobic porous structure enables manipulation of the solution flow thermohydraulic characteristics. Here, it is shown that mass transport mode in a constrained laminar solution flow can be changed from diffusive to advective. This change in mode is accomplished through stretching and folding the laminar streamlines within the solution film via the implementation of micro-scale features on the flow channel surface. The process induces vortices within the solution film, which continuously bring concentrated solution from the bottom and middle of the solution channel to its interface with the vapor phase, thus leading to a significant enhancement in the absorption rate. The detailed physics of the involved transport processes is elucidated using the LBM (Lattice Boltzmann Method). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  18. Rotating superconductor magnet for producing rotating lobed magnetic field lines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hilal, Sadek K. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ); Sampson, William B. (Bellport, NY); Leonard, Edward F. (Leonia, NJ)

    1978-01-01

    This invention provides a rotating superconductor magnet for producing a rotating lobed magnetic field, comprising a cryostat; a superconducting magnet in the cryostat having a collar for producing a lobed magnetic field having oppositely directed adjacent field lines; rotatable support means for selectively rotating the superconductor magnet; and means for energizing the superconductor magnet.

  19. Magnetic Fields Analogous to electric field, a magnet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    Magnetic Fields Analogous to electric field, a magnet produces a magnetic field, B Set up a B field two ways: Moving electrically charged particles Current in a wire Intrinsic magnetic field Basic) Opposite magnetic poles attract like magnetic poles repel #12;Like the electric field lines

  20. Noble gas magnetic resonator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Walker, Thad Gilbert; Lancor, Brian Robert; Wyllie, Robert

    2014-04-15

    Precise measurements of a precessional rate of noble gas in a magnetic field is obtained by constraining the time averaged direction of the spins of a stimulating alkali gas to lie in a plane transverse to the magnetic field. In this way, the magnetic field of the alkali gas does not provide a net contribution to the precessional rate of the noble gas.

  1. Magnetic nanohole superlattices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Liu, Feng

    2013-05-14

    A magnetic material is disclosed including a two-dimensional array of carbon atoms and a two-dimensional array of nanoholes patterned in the two-dimensional array of carbon atoms. The magnetic material has long-range magnetic ordering at a temperature below a critical temperature Tc.

  2. Metallic Magnetic Hetrostructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Chi Wah

    .2.2 Domains and magnetization processes 1.2.2.1 Domains and domain walls 1.2.2.2 Magnetization reversal and hysteresis 1.2.2.3 Modelling of magnetization process 1.3 Sputter deposition of thin films in this project 1.3.1 Substrate preparation 1.3.2 UFO...

  3. Toward integrated PV panels and power electronics using printing technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ababei, Cristinel; Yuvarajan, Subbaraya; Schulz, Douglas L.

    2010-07-15

    In this paper, we review the latest developments in the area of printing technologies with an emphasis on the fabrication of control-embedded photovoltaics (PV) with on-board active and passive devices. We also review the use of power converters and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) circuits with PV panels. Our focus is on the investigation of the simplest implementations of such circuits in view of their integration with solar cells using printing technologies. We see this concept as potentially enabling toward further cost reduction. Besides a discussion as to feasibility, we shall also present some projections and guidelines toward possible integration. (author)

  4. For additional information, please e-mail ctsc_noveltech@med.cornell.edu REQUEST FOR CTSC 3D PRINTING APPLICATIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    for commercialization 3D Printing Novel Technology Award $10,000 (direct costs) with use of the New CTSC 3D Printing with 3D printing technology in order to rapidly develop novel biomedical products with application) and importance of funding to feasibility of the project Research Plan (use of the CTSC 3D Printing Core Facility

  5. Magnetically attached sputter targets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Makowiecki, D.M.; McKernan, M.A.

    1994-02-15

    An improved method and assembly for attaching sputtering targets to cathode assemblies of sputtering systems which includes a magnetically permeable material is described. The magnetically permeable material is imbedded in a target base that is brazed, welded, or soldered to the sputter target, or is mechanically retained in the target material. Target attachment to the cathode is achieved by virtue of the permanent magnets and/or the pole pieces in the cathode assembly that create magnetic flux lines adjacent to the backing plate, which strongly attract the magnetically permeable material in the target assembly. 11 figures.

  6. Selective evaporation of focusing fluid in two-fluid hydrodynamic print head.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keicher, David M.; Cook, Adam W.

    2014-09-01

    The work performed in this project has demonstrated the feasibility to use hydrodynamic focusing of two fluid steams to create a novel micro printing technology for electronics and other high performance applications. Initial efforts focused solely on selective evaporation of the sheath fluid from print stream provided insight in developing a unique print head geometry allowing excess sheath fluid to be separated from the print flow stream for recycling/reuse. Fluid flow models suggest that more than 81 percent of the sheath fluid can be removed without affecting the print stream. Further development and optimization is required to demonstrate this capability in operation. Print results using two-fluid hydrodynamic focusing yielded a 30 micrometers wide by 0.5 micrometers tall line that suggests that the cross-section of the printed feature from the print head was approximately 2 micrometers in diameter. Printing results also demonstrated that complete removal of the sheath fluid is not necessary for all material systems. The two-fluid printing technology could enable printing of insulated conductors and clad optical interconnects. Further development of this concept should be pursued.

  7. The chiral magnetic nanomotors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morozov, Konstantin I

    2013-01-01

    Propulsion of the chiral magnetic nanomotors powered by a rotating magnetic field is in the focus of the modern biomedical applications. This technology relies on strong interaction of dynamic and magnetic degrees of freedom of the system. Here we study in detail various experimentally observed regimes of the helical nanomotor orientation and propulsion depending on the actuation frequency, and establish the relation of these two properties with remanent magnetization and geometry of the helical nanomotors. The theoretical predictions for the transition between the regimes and nanomotor orientation and propulsion speed are in excellent agreement with available experimental data. The proposed theory offers a few simple guidelines towards the optimal design of the magnetic nanomotors. In particular, efficient nanomotors should be fabricated of hard magnetics, e.g., cobalt, magnetized transversally and have the geometry of a normal helix with a helical angle of 35-45 degrees.

  8. Liquid Phase 3D Printing for Quickly Manufacturing Metal Objects with Low Melting Point Alloy Ink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Lei

    2014-01-01

    Conventional 3D printings are generally time-consuming and printable metal inks are rather limited. From an alternative way, we proposed a liquid phase 3D printing for quickly making metal objects. Through introducing metal alloys whose melting point is slightly above room temperature as printing inks, several representative structures spanning from one, two and three dimension to more complex patterns were demonstrated to be quickly fabricated. Compared with the air cooling in a conventional 3D printing, the liquid-phase-manufacturing offers a much higher cooling rate and thus significantly improves the speed in fabricating metal objects. This unique strategy also efficiently prevents the liquid metal inks from air oxidation which is hard to avoid otherwise in an ordinary 3D printing. Several key physical factors (like properties of the cooling fluid, injection speed and needle diameter, types and properties of the printing ink, etc.) were disclosed which would evidently affect the printing quality. In addit...

  9. Scanning and Printing Persons in 3D Jurgen Sturm1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lunds Universitet

    miniatures of persons using a Kinect sensor and a 3D color printer. To achieve this, we acquire color- through in rapid prototyping in recent years. Modern 3D printers are able to print colored 3D models at resolutions comparable to 2D paper printers. On the one hand, the creation of a detailed, printable 3D model

  10. Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR) Europisches Patentamt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Bin

    Printed by Jouve, 75001 PARIS (FR) Europisches Patentamt European Patent Office Office europen des brevets (19) EP1713168A2 #12;#12; (11) EP 1 713 168 A2 (12) EUROPEAN PATENT APPLICATION (43, (David) W. Toronto Ontario Canada M5T 1G8 (CA) Liu, Congwei Toronto Ontario Canada M5T 1ZA (CA) Wu

  11. NJIT Library Organizational Chart Printed: 5/11/2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bieber, Michael

    Velez, Lucy Digital Projects Librarian Library Assistant I Library Assistant I Administrative AssistantNJIT Library Organizational Chart Printed: 5/11/2010 Revised 5/11/10 Mettle, Doreen Gervits, Maya Director of Circulation & Interlibrary Loan Director of the Architecture Library Director of Reference

  12. Click here to print Marathon robot: 'Ranger' sets a world

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruina, Andy L.

    . Professor Ruina said: 'Our challenge is to lower the energy use while still maintaining balance, 'TheClick here to print Marathon robot: 'Ranger' sets a world record by walking 40.5 miles non a new world record after their robot walked 40.5 miles on a single battery charge without stopping

  13. Electrical Contacts to Molecular Layers by Nanotransfer Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Electrical Contacts to Molecular Layers by Nanotransfer Printing Yueh-Lin Loo, David V. Lang, John of electrical contact. Results show that the nTP method produces superior devices in which the electrical for making electrical contacts in molecular electronics. Organic molecules whose electronic properties can

  14. Type or print clearly:1 NAME:__Bill Burgos___________________________________________________________2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burgos, William

    1 Type or print clearly:1 NAME:__Bill Burgos-863-7304_____________6 E-MAIL :__wdb3@psu.edu_______________________________7 Type of presentation: Oral _X_ Poster ____8 of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Cambridge,22 ABSTRACT23 Coal mine drainage (CMD) is the single greatest

  15. Print Date: 3/26/2004 The Implementation Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faloutsos, Christos

    by the developers and users of these new systems. Keywords: Marketing, Decision Support System, Retailing, Scanner historical information. The most prevalent type of information in retail markets is transaction dataPrint Date: 3/26/2004 The Implementation Challenge of Pricing Decision Support Systems for Retail

  16. contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    1 contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk Gilmorehill Campus Development Framework June 2014 : Topic 4 107 Approach to Historic Assets: Sub Topics 108 A Campus-wide Conservation Strategy 108 Introduction 134 Relevant Consultation Themes : Topic 7 135 Uses & Adaptability : Sub Topics 136 Energy

  17. contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zaoyang

    1 contents | print | close www.glasgow.ac.uk Gilmorehill Campus Development Framework FINAL : Topic 4 107 Approach to Historic Assets: Sub Topics 108 A Campus-wide Conservation Strategy 108 Introduction 134 Relevant Consultation Themes : Topic 7 135 Uses & Adaptability : Sub Topics 136 Energy

  18. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig; ,

    2014-09-17

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  19. Vacuum Compatibility of 3D-Printed Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Povilus, A P; Vendeiro, Z; Baquero-Ruiz, M; Fajans, J

    2013-01-01

    The fabrication fidelity and vacuum properties are tested for currently available 3D-printed materials including polyamide, glass, acrylic, and sterling silver. The silver was the only material found to be suitable to ultrahigh vacuum environments due to outgassing and sublimation observed in other materials.

  20. 3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dietz, Henry G. "Hank"

    3D Printing Prof. Hank Dietz & Paul Eberhart September 28, 2013 University of Kentucky Electrical/Craft: paper moves in Y, knife in X EDM/Laser: X/Y bed, vaporizes material #12;Subtractive 3D CNC: Computer "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." Aristotle #12;Additive 3D Building Material

  1. Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2009, Vol. Printed in Egypt.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nottingham, University of

    Egyptian Journal of Natural History, 2009, Vol. Printed in Egypt: Villa 9030, Hurghada, Red Sea District, Egypt 2- Permanent address: Tg. Mures, str. C. R. Vivu 11/D, ap continental part is presented. The status of the species in Egypt and the region is presented

  2. Hunter College Style Guide FOR WEB AND PRINT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    or not to use periods in an organization's abbreviation, consult the organization's website or printed materials is not universally recognized, spell out the organization's name on first use, followed by the abbreviation in tables or charts where space is limited. Administrative and Academic Titles The titles Mr., Ms., Mrs

  3. Cure cycle evaluation for multilayer printed wiring boards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lula, J.W.

    1980-06-01

    The cure cycle for multilayer printed wiring boards (PWBs) made from general-puspore, fire-retardant epoxy/glass (GF) material has been evaluated for the optimum delamination resistance at soldering temperatures. The results that, for the epoxy resin system used to manufacture multilayer PWBs at Bendix Kansas City, a wide range of cure cycle variations has a minimal effect on delamination resistance.

  4. Poster Printing Instructions As specified on our website,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karonis, Nicholas T.

    Services with your saved presentation on a flash drive. Thereafter, you and Media Services will discuss to print an accurate account of your work, this must be saved both as a PDF and JPEG file. How to save as a PDF: -Open document -Once the document has been saved as a PDF (not PPT), How to save as a JPEG

  5. Linkping University Post Print Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doherty, Patrick

    Linkping University Post Print Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Navigation Using Geo. Original Publication: Gianpaolo Conte and Patrick Doherty, Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Navigation.1155/2009/387308 Research Article Vision-Based Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Navigation Using Geo-Referenced Information Gianpaolo

  6. Printing a Car: A Team Effort in Innovation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Rogers, Jay; Love, Lonnie; Johnson, Mark; Ivester, Rob; Neff, Rick; Blue, Craig;

    2014-11-24

    The story behind the realization of a unique project: the building of a 3D printed electric car, as told by team members. Strati materialized out of 15% carbon-reinforced ABS thermoplastic in a record 44 hours, under the very eyes of attendees at this year's International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS).

  7. Chiral Magnetic Effect in High-Energy Nuclear Collisions --- A Status Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. E. Kharzeev; J. Liao; S. A. Voloshin; G. Wang

    2015-11-12

    The interplay of quantum anomalies with magnetic field and vorticity results in a variety of novel non-dissipative transport phenomena in systems with chiral fermions, including the quark-gluon plasma. Among them is the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME) -- the generation of electric current along an external magnetic field induced by chirality imbalance. Because the chirality imbalance is related to the global topology of gauge fields, the CME current is topologically protected and hence non-dissipative even in the presence of strong interactions. As a result, the CME and related quantum phenomena affect the hydrodynamical and transport behavior of strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma, and can be studied in relativistic heavy ion collisions where strong magnetic fields are created by the colliding ions. Evidence for the CME and related phenomena has been reported by the STAR Collaboration at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL, and by the ALICE Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The goal of the present review is to provide an elementary introduction into the physics of anomalous chiral effects, to describe the current status of experimental studies in heavy ion physics, and to outline the future work, both in experiment and theory, needed to eliminate the existing uncertainties in the interpretation of the data.

  8. Testing a Riemannian twisted solar loop model from EUV data and magnetic topology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia de Andrade

    2008-01-12

    Compact Riemannian solar twisted magnetic flux tube surfaces model are tested against solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lines observations, allowing us to compute the diameter and height of solar plasma loops. The relation between magnetic and torsion energies is found for a nonplanar solar twisted (torsioned) loop to be $10^{9}$, which shows that the contribution of torsion energy to the solar loop is extremely weaker than the magnetic energy contribution. In this case solar loops of up $5000 km$ in diameter can be reached. The height of $220.000 km$ is used to obtain an estimate for torsion based on the Riemannian flux tube surface, which yields ${\\tau}_{0}=0.9{\\times} 10^{-8} m^{-1}$ which coincides with one of the data of $(0.9{\\pm}0.4){\\times}10^{-8}m^{-1}$ obtained by Lopez-Fuentes et al (2003). This result tells us that the Riemannian flux tube model for plasma solar loops is consistent with experimental results in solar physics. These results are obtained for a homogeneous twisted solar loop. By making use of Moffatt-Ricca theorem for the bounds on torsional energy of unknotted vortex filaments, applied to magnetic topology, one places bounds on the lengths of EUV solar loops. New results as the vorticity of the plasma flow along the tube is also computed in terms of the flux tube twist.

  9. Passive magnetic bearing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F.

    2014-09-02

    An axial stabilizer for the rotor of a magnetic bearing provides external control of stiffness through switching in external inductances. External control also allows the stabilizer to become a part of a passive/active magnetic bearing system that requires no external source of power and no position sensor. Stabilizers for displacements transverse to the axis of rotation are provided that require only a single cylindrical Halbach array in its operation, and thus are especially suited for use in high rotation speed applications, such as flywheel energy storage systems. The elimination of the need of an inner cylindrical array solves the difficult mechanical problem of supplying support against centrifugal forces for the magnets of that array. Compensation is provided for the temperature variation of the strength of the magnetic fields of the permanent magnets in the levitating magnet arrays.

  10. Pulse magnetic welder

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Christiansen, D.W.; Brown, W.F.

    1984-01-01

    A welder is described for automated closure of fuel pins by a pulsed magnetic process in which the open end of a length of cladding is positioned within a complementary tube surrounded by a pulsed magnetic welder. Seals are provided at each end of the tube, which can be evacuated or can receive tag gas for direct introduction to the cladding interior. Loading of magnetic rings and end caps is accomplished automatically in conjunction with the welding steps carried out within the tube.

  11. Magnetic latching solenoid

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marts, D.J.; Richardson, J.G.; Albano, R.K.; Morrison, J.L. Jr.

    1995-11-28

    This invention discloses a D.C. magnetic latching solenoid that retains a moving armature in a first or second position by means of a pair of magnets, thereby having a zero-power requirement after actuation. The first or second position is selected by reversing the polarity of the D.C. voltage which is enough to overcome the holding power of either magnet and transfer the armature to an opposite position. The coil is then de-energized. 2 figs.

  12. Magnetic Braids Anthony Yeates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dundee, University of

    function Main result Conclusion Examples 1. Magnetic loops in the solar corona. NASA Solar Dynamics of the potential a Hi,j a x = 2 a xi At each neutral p Hi,j a . The magnet function and it co field topology. Magnetic helicity H = V A·BdV, B = ?A is a well-known global ideal invariant in a closed

  13. Magnetically leviated superconducting bearing

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Weinberger, Bernard R. (Avon, CT); Lynds, Jr., Lahmer (Glastonbury, CT)

    1993-01-01

    A magnetically levitated superconducting bearing includes a magnet (2) mounted on a shaft (12) that is rotatable around an axis of rotation and a Type II superconductor (6) supported on a stator (14) in proximity to the magnet (2). The superconductor (6) is positioned so that when it is cooled to its superconducting state in the presence of a magnetic field, it interacts with the magnet (2) to produce an attractive force that levitates the magnet (2) and supports a load on the shaft (12). The interaction between the superconductor (6) and magnet(2) also produces surface screening currents (8) that generate a repulsive force perpendicular to the load. The bearing also has means for maintaining the superconductor at a temperature below its critical temperature (16, 18). The bearing could also be constructed so the magnet (2) is supported on the stator (14) and the superconductor (6) is mounted on the shaft (12). The bearing can be operated by cooling the superconductor (6) to its superconducting state in the presence of a magnetic field.

  14. MAGNET CABLE MANUFACTURING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royet, J.

    2010-01-01

    76SFOOO98. MAGNET CABLE MANUFACTURING John Royet Lawrenceused in this cable manufacturing are made of superconductingapplied during manufacturing. 2.2 Twist The composite

  15. Theoretical Demonstration of the Feasibility of Observing Vortices in the Ejected Electron Spectrum in Bare-Ion Two-Electron-Atom Collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ovchinnikov, S. Yu. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Macek, Joseph H [ORNL; Schmidt, L. Ph.H [Institut fur Kernphysik, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universitat, Germany; Schultz, David Robert [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Using a fully correlated, 4-dimensional lattice, time-dependent Schr dinger equation (LTDSE) model of the collisions of bare projectile ions with two-electron atoms (H+, He2+ + He), we demonstrate the existence vortices in the resulting spectrum of ejected electrons. Following the uncovering of these features in collisions involving only one electron (H+ + H) [Macek et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 143201 (2009)], this demonstration provides impetus for seeking these features in more readily feasible experimental conditions using a cold helium target and the reaction microscope technique.

  16. Design and development of high precision elastomeric-stamp wrapping system for roll-to-roll multi-layer microcontact printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Datar, Charudatta Achyut

    2009-01-01

    Microcontact printing is an emerging printing technique that could potentially find application in the electronics industry. High-speed roll-to-roll equipment was built at Nano Terra, Inc in 2008, for microcontact printing. ...

  17. Vacuum self-magnetization?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perez Rojas, H.; Rodriguez Querts, E. [Instituto de Cibernetica, Matematica y Fisica, Calle E No. 309, esq. a 15 Vedado, C. Havana (Cuba)

    2006-06-19

    We study vacuum properties in a strong magnetic field as the zero temperature and zero density limit of quantum statistics. For charged vector bosons (W bosons) the vacuum energy density diverges for B > B{sub c} = m{sub w}{sup 2}/e, leading to vacuum instability. A logarithmic divergence of vacuum magnetization is found for B = Bc, which suggests that if the magnetic field is large enough, it is self-consistently maintained, and this mechanism actually prevents B from reaching the critical value Bc. For virtual neutral vector bosons bearing an anomalous magnetic moment, the instability of the ground state for B > B{sub c}{sup '} = m{sub n}{sup 2}/q also leads to the vacuum energy density divergence for fields B > B{sub c}{sup '} and to the magnetization divergence for B B{sub c}{sup '}. The possibility of virtual electron-positron pairs bosonization in strong magnetic field and the applicability of the neutral bosons model to describe the virtual positronium behavior in a magnetic field are discussed. We conjecture that this could lead to vacuum self-magnetization in QED.

  18. Passive magnetic bearing configurations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Post, Richard F. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    2011-01-25

    A journal bearing provides vertical and radial stability to a rotor of a passive magnetic bearing system when the rotor is not rotating and when it is rotating. In the passive magnetic bearing system, the rotor has a vertical axis of rotation. Without the journal bearing, the rotor is vertically and radially unstable when stationary, and is vertically stable and radially unstable when rotating.

  19. Superconducting Magnet Division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Superconducting Magnet Division MAGNETIC DESIGN OF E-LENS SOLENOID AND CORRECTOR SYSTEM FOR RHIC* R.6 A gun collectors gun Combined Horizontal and Vertical Corrector Design Both types of dipole correctors. Gupta, M. Anerella, W. Fischer, G. Ganetis, X. Gu, A. Ghosh, A. Jain, P. Kovach, A. Marone, S. Plate, A

  20. Plasticity-Induced Magnetization in Amorphous Magnetic Solids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. George E. Hentschel; Itamar Procaccia; Bhaskar Sen Gupta

    2013-10-15

    Amorphous magnetic solids, like metallic glasses, exhibit a novel effect: the growth of magnetic order as a function of mechanical strain under athermal conditions in the presence of a magnetic field. The magnetic moment increases in steps whenever there is a plastic event. Thus plasticity induces the magnetic ordering, acting as the effective noise driving the system towards equilibrium. We present results of atomistic simulations of this effect in a model of a magnetic amorphous solid subjected to pure shear and a magnetic field. To elucidate the dependence on external strain and magnetic field we offer a mean-field theory that provides an adequate qualitative understanding of the observed phenomenon.

  1. Magnet pole tips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thorn, Craig E. (Wading River, NY); Chasman, Chellis (Setauket, NY); Baltz, Anthony J. (Coram, NY)

    1984-04-24

    An improved magnet which more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

  2. Magnet pole tips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thorn, C.E.; Chasman, C.; Baltz, A.J.

    1981-11-19

    An improved magnet more easily provides a radially increasing magnetic field, as well as reduced fringe field and requires less power for a given field intensity. The subject invention comprises a pair of spaced, opposed magnetic poles which further comprise a pair of pole roots, each having a pole tip attached to its center. The pole tips define the gap between the magnetic poles and at least a portion of each pole tip is separated from its associated pole root. The separation begins at a predetermined distance from the center of the pole root and increases with increasing radial distance while being constant with azimuth within that portion. Magnets in accordance with the subject invention have been found to be particularly advantageous for use in large isochronous cyclotrons.

  3. Direct printing and reduction of graphite oxide for flexible supercapacitors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jung, Hanyung; Ve Cheah, Chang; Jeong, Namjo; Lee, Junghoon

    2014-08-04

    We report direct printing and photo-thermal reduction of graphite oxide (GO) to obtain a highly porous pattern of interdigitated electrodes, leading to a supercapacitor on a flexible substrate. Key parameters optimized include the amount of GO delivered, the suitable photo-thermal energy level for effective flash reduction, and the substrate properties for appropriate adhesion after reduction. Tests with supercapacitors based on the printed-reduced GO showed performance comparable with commercial supercapacitors: the energy densities were 1.06 and 0.87 mWh/cm{sup 3} in ionic and organic electrolytes, respectively. The versatility in the architecture and choice of substrate makes this material promising for smart power applications.

  4. Coaxial connector for use with printed circuit board edge connector

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Howard, Donald R. (Danville, CA); MacGill, Robert A. (Richmond, CA)

    1989-01-01

    A coaxial cable connector for interfacing with an edge connector for a printed circuit board whereby a coaxial cable can be interconnected with a printed circuit board through the edge connector. The coaxial connector includes a body having two leg portions extending from one side for receiving the edge connector therebetween, and a tubular portion extending from an opposing side for receiving a coaxial cable. A cavity within the body receives a lug of the edge connector and the center conductor of the coaxial cable. Adjacent lugs of the edge connector can be bend around the edge connector housing to function as spring-loaded contacts for receiving the coaxial connector. The lugs also function to facilitate shielding of the center conductor where fastened to the edge connector lug.

  5. SU-E-T-455: Characterization of 3D Printed Materials for Proton Beam Therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zou, W; Siderits, R; McKenna, M; Khan, A; Yue, N [Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ (United States); McDonough, J; Yin, L; Teo, B [University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Fisher, T [Memorial Medical Center, Modesto, CA (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: The widespread availability of low cost 3D printing technologies provides an alternative fabrication method for customized proton range modifying accessories such as compensators and boluses. However the material properties of the printed object are dependent on the printing technology used. In order to facilitate the application of 3D printing in proton therapy, this study investigated the stopping power of several printed materials using both proton pencil beam measurements and Monte Carlo simulations. Methods: Five 34 cm cubes fabricated using three 3D printing technologies (selective laser sintering, fused-deposition modeling and stereolithography) from five printers were investigated. The cubes were scanned on a CT scanner and the depth dose curves for a mono-energetic pencil beam passing through the material were measured using a large parallel plate ion chamber in a water tank. Each cube was measured from two directions (perpendicular and parallel to printing plane) to evaluate the effects of the anisotropic material layout. The results were compared with GEANT4 Monte Carlo simulation using the manufacturer specified material density and chemical composition data. Results: Compared with water, the differences from the range pull back by the printed blocks varied and corresponded well with the material CT Hounsfield unit. The measurement results were in agreement with Monte Carlo simulation. However, depending on the technology, inhomogeneity existed in the printed cubes evidenced from CT images. The effect of such inhomogeneity on the proton beam is to be investigated. Conclusion: Printed blocks by three different 3D printing technologies were characterized for proton beam with measurements and Monte Carlo simulation. The effects of the printing technologies in proton range and stopping power were studied. The derived results can be applied when specific devices are used in proton radiotherapy.

  6. Easily Legible Printed Name:______________________________ Page 1 of 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    carefully! PLEASE legibly print your name on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Professor Walba Second Hour Exam October 21, 2014 scores: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) PLEASE read the questions very: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes, calculators, scratch paper, or cell phones will not be allowed during

  7. Easily Legible Printed Name:______________________________ Page 1 of 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    carefully! PLEASE legibly print your name on each page of the exam. H He Li Be B C N O F Na Mg Al Si P S Ne Professor Walba First Hour Exam September 23, 2014 scores: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) PLEASE read the questions very: _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes, calculators, scratch paper, or cell phones will not be allowed during

  8. Polyimide/glass multilayer printed wiring boards. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lula, J.W.

    1984-07-01

    Multilayer printed wiring boards (PWBs) were manufactured from a polyimide/glass reinforced copper-clad laminate and prepreg. A lamination cycle and innerlayer copper surface treatment were developed that gave satisfactory delamination resistance at soldering temperatures. When compared to similar epoxy/glass multilayer PWBs, the polyimide PWBs had higher thermal stability, greater resistance to raised lands, fewer plating voids, less outgassing, and adhesion that was equivalent to urethane foam encapsulants.

  9. Fast and Scalable Printing of Large Area Monolayer Nanoparticles for Nanotexturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    solar cells, fuel cells, light emitting diodes and other devices where ordered nanoscale texturing is critical for optimal performance. KEYWORDS Nanotexture, printing, roll-to-roll, light trapping

  10. Printed in the United States of America. Available from National Technical Information Service

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    U.S. Department of Commerce 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161 Price: Printed Copy $6;iii CONTENTS LIST OF FIGURES .............. ......... . v LIST OF TABLES

  11. Procedures for preparation, printing, and distribution of UMTRA Project National Environmental Policy Act documents

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1988-08-01

    This paper discusses the procedures for preparation, printing and distribution of Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project National Environmental Policy Act documents. (KJD)

  12. Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the Worlds First 3D Printed Car (text version)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Below is the text version for the Next Generation Lunch: Revealing the Worlds First 3D Printed CarVideo.

  13. Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zuoqian

    2013-01-01

    energy storage application demonstration, an integration of the printed battery with a small photovoltaic device (preferable also printable solar cell based on silicon

  14. Flow, Turbulence and Combustion 71: 333346, 2003. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    Flow, Turbulence and Combustion 71: 333346, 2003. 2004 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed of Technology, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland 2CFD Research Corporation, Biomedical Technology Branch, Huntsville

  15. This form is interactive --complete electronically and print Notification of Fitness for Duty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillow, Jonathan

    This form is interactive -- complete electronically and print Notification of Fitness for Duty as written notification directing you to undergo a Fitness for Duty Evaluation. The reason

  16. Transport in Porous Media 50: 267305, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed in the Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmittbuhl, Jean

    recovery, exploitation of geothermal energy, storage of radioactive waste, soil pollution, etc. MostTransport in Porous Media 50: 267305, 2003. 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers. Printed

  17. ORNL Unveils 3D-Printed Home and Vehicle with the Unique Ability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    (ORNL) announced successful efforts of the the lab's Additive Manufacturing Integrated Energy (AMIE) demonstration. The nine-month project reached its goal of 3D-printing an...

  18. Secretary Moniz Tours the 3D-Printed Shelby Cobra | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    in Knoxville, Tennessee, developed a finishing process that bonds the clear coat and paint layers to the printed car parts' resulting in the highest quality finish possible in...

  19. The Future of Manufacturing Takes Shape: 3D Printed Car on Display...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    funding support from the Energy Department's Advanced Manufacturing Office-to print the car chassis using a new manufacturing machine called Big Area Additive Manufacturing or...

  20. The Anglo-Scottish Print War: Sermons, Pamphlets, and Polemics 1638-1640

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hudson, Joshua David

    2011-01-01

    Print War: Sermons, Pamphlets, and Polemics 1638-1640 Abase. While he understood pamphlets provide evidence of what1638 to 1640. Sermons, pamphlets, polemics, works of prose

  1. Bioinspired Design : : Magnetic Freeze Casting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Porter, Michael Martin

    2014-01-01

    30 CHAPTER 3: FREEZE CASTING: A94 CHAPTER 5: MAGNETIC FREEZE CASTING INSPIRED BY98 5.2.1. Magnetic freeze casting

  2. Electromagnetic acceleration of permanent magnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dolya, S N

    2015-01-01

    We consider the acceleration of the permanent magnets, consisting of neodymium iron boron by means of the running magnetic field gradient. It is shown that the specific magnetic moment per nucleon in neodymium iron boron is determined by the remained magnetization of the substance. The maximum accessable gradient of the magnetic field accelerating the permanent magnets is determined by the coercive force thirty kilogauss. For the neodymium iron boron magnets this gradient is equal to twenty kilogauss divided by one centimeter. The finite velocity of the magnets six kilometers per second, the length of acceleration is six hundred thirty-seven meters.

  3. QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eberhard, P.H.

    2010-01-01

    QUENCHES IN LARGE SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETS. P. H. Eberhard,Study of an Unprotected Superconducting Coil Going Normal,"Method for Testing Superconducting Magnets," LBL Physics

  4. Vortical and industrial interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barr, P.K. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States). Combustion Research Facility

    1995-05-01

    A vortex-dynamics-based model has been developed and used to study the importance of flame extinction by fluid dynamic strain that occurs in a pulse combustor. Results show that flame extinction by fluid dynamic stretch, which occurs during injection of the fresh charge, ensures the correct phase relation between the energy release and the resonant pressure wave. This phasing is required by Rayleigh`s criterion for stable combustion-driven oscillations. However, this model also showed that the vortex dynamics technique is not at a stage where design engineers can use it as a predictive tool, just as they would use experimental testing. This is in part because pulse combustor designs being developed today use three-dimensional geometries and complex operating conditions, whereas the vortex model simulates processes occurring only in the combustion chamber, and ignores the rest of the pulse combustor unit. Also, the model assumes two-dimensional flow, a simple combustor geometry, and premixed combustion. A successful in-house manufacturing design code must be able to perform a complete design study reliably, quickly and easily, and on computers that are readily available to industry. Instead, the insight gained from the vortex dynamics model is being incorporated into a computational tool to assist in pulse combustor design. This tool will be used by industrial engineers to design pulse combustors for specific applications. The design tool combines submodels for acoustics, injection and combustion, producing a pulse combustor model that dynamically couples the processes in the combustion chamber to the acoustic waves.

  5. Vortices in Brain waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Walter J III; Vitiello, Giuseppe

    2010-01-01

    Burke and M. D. Holmes, Human Brain Mapping 19(4), 248 7. W.20. W. J. Freeman, How Brains Make Up Their Minds (Columbiaand K. Yasue, Quantum Brain Dynamics and Consciousness (John

  6. Magnetically Catalyzed Fusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeremy S. Heyl; Lars Hernquist

    1996-08-25

    We calculate the reaction cross-sections for the fusion of hydrogen and deuterium in strong magnetic fields as are believed to exist in the atmospheres of neutron stars. We find that in the presence of a strong magnetic field ($B \\gsim 10^{12}$G), the reaction rates are many orders of magnitude higher than in the unmagnetized case. The fusion of both protons and deuterons are important over a neutron star's lifetime for ultrastrong magnetic fields ($B \\sim 10^{16}$G). The enhancement may have dramatic effects on thermonuclear runaways and bursts on the surfaces of neutron stars.

  7. Moment free toroidal magnet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bonanos, Peter (East Brunswick, NJ)

    1983-01-01

    A toroidal magnet for confining a high magnetic field for use in fusion reactor research and nuclear particle detection. The magnet includes a series of conductor elements arranged about and fixed at its small major radius portion to the outer surface of a central cylindrical support each conductor element having a geometry such as to maintain the conductor elements in pure tension when a high current flows therein, and a support assembly which redistributes all or part of the tension which would otherwise arise in the small major radius portion of each coil element to the large major radius portion thereof.

  8. Anisotropy of magnetic emulsions induced by magnetic and electric fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yury I. Dikansky; Alexander N. Tyatyushkin; Arthur R. Zakinyan

    2011-09-10

    The anisotropy of magnetic emulsions induced by simultaneously acting electric and magnetic fields is theoretically and experimentally investigated. Due to the anisotropy, the electric conductivity and magnetic permeability of a magnetic emulsion are no longer scalar coefficients, but are tensors. The electric conductivity and magnetic permeability tensors of sufficiently diluted emulsions in sufficiently weak electric and magnetic fields are found as functions of the electric and magnetic intensity vectors. The theoretically predicted induced anisotropy was verified experimentally. The experimental data are analyzed and compared with theoretical predictions. The results of the analysis and comparison are discussed.

  9. ENGINEERING.com EngTips Forums TekTips Forums LoginRegister 3D Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espinosa, Horacio D.

    ENGINEERING.com EngTips Forums TekTips Forums LoginRegister Home Videos Jobs Games 3D Printing YouTube Facebook Twitter Sections 3D Printing Design Software Designer Edge Education Electronics

  10. Modular tokamak magnetic system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yang, Tien-Fang (Wayland, MA)

    1988-01-01

    A modular tokamak system comprised of a plurality of interlocking moldules. Each module is comprised of a vacuum vessel section, a toroidal field coil, moldular saddle coils which generate a poloidal magnetic field and ohmic heating coils.

  11. Geometrically frustrated quantum magnets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikoli‡ , Predrag, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) more general lessons on frustrated quantum magnetism. At the end, we demonstrate some new mathematical tools on two other frustrated two-dimensional systems, and summarize our conclusions, with an outlook to remaining ...

  12. Magnetic gripper device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyer, R.E.

    1993-03-09

    A climbing apparatus is provided for climbing ferromagnetic surfaces, such as storage tanks and steel frame structures. A magnet assembly is rotatably mounted in a frame assembly. The frame assembly provides a pair of cam surfaces having different dimensions so that, when the frame is rotated, the cam surfaces contact the ferromagnetic surface to separate the magnet assembly from the surface. The different cam dimensions enable one side of the magnet at a time to be detached from the surface to reduce the effort needed to disengage the climbing apparatus. The cam surface also provides for smoothly attaching the apparatus. A hardened dowel pin is also attached to the frame and the pointed end of the dowel engages the surface when the magnet is attached to the surface to prevent downward sliding movement of the assembly under the weight of the user.

  13. Magnetic Catalysis in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher Winterowd; Carleton DeTar; Savvas Zafeiropoulos

    2015-09-22

    One of the most important developments in condensed matter physics in recent years has been the discovery and characterization of graphene. A two-dimensional layer of Carbon arranged in a hexagonal lattice, graphene exhibits many interesting electronic properties, most notably that the low energy excitations behave as massless Dirac fermions. These excitations interact strongly via the Coulomb interaction and thus non-perturbative methods are necessary. Using methods borrowed from lattice QCD, we study the graphene effective theory in the presence of an external magnetic field. Graphene, along with other $(2+1)$-dimensional field theories, has been predicted to undergo spontaneous breaking of flavor symmetry including the formation of a gap as a result of the external magnetic field. This phenomenon is known as magnetic catalysis. Our study investigates magnetic catalysis using a fully non-perturbative approach.

  14. Magnetic Catalysis in Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winterowd, Christopher; Zafeiropoulos, Savvas

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important developments in condensed matter physics in recent years has been the discovery and characterization of graphene. A two-dimensional layer of Carbon arranged in a hexagonal lattice, graphene exhibits many interesting electronic properties, most notably that the low energy excitations behave as massless Dirac fermions. These excitations interact strongly via the Coulomb interaction and thus non-perturbative methods are necessary. Using methods borrowed from lattice QCD, we study the graphene effective theory in the presence of an external magnetic field. Graphene, along with other $(2+1)$-dimensional field theories, has been predicted to undergo spontaneous breaking of flavor symmetry including the formation of a gap as a result of the external magnetic field. This phenomenon is known as magnetic catalysis. Our study investigates magnetic catalysis using a fully non-perturbative approach.

  15. Magnetic gripper device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Meyer, Ross E. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1993-01-01

    A climbing apparatus is provided for climbing ferromagnetic surfaces, such as storage tanks and steel frame structures. A magnet assembly is rotatably mounted in a frame assembly. The frame assembly provides a pair of cam surfaces having different dimensions so that, when the frame is rotated, the cam surfaces contact the ferromagnetic surface to separate the magnet assembly from the surface. The different cam dimensions enable one side of the magnet at a time to be detached from the surface to reduce the effort needed to disengage the climbing apparatus. The cam surface also provides for smoothly attaching the apparatus. A hardened dowel pin is also attached to the frame and the pointed end of the dowel engages the surface when the magnet is attached to the surface to prevent downward sliding movement of the assembly under the weight of the user.

  16. Local Motors Begins Their Six Day Quest to 3D Print the Strati Car Live at IMTS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An article detailing Local Motors' preparation to 3D print a car at the September 2014 International Manufacturing Technology Show.

  17. ZEEMANS - a high magnetic

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savici, Andrei T [ORNL; Granroth, Garrett E [ORNL; Broholm, Collin L [ORNL; Bird, Mark D [ORNL; Lee, Young S [ORNL

    2010-01-01

    ZEEMANS, a new instrument proposed for the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge, will provide highest available magnetic elds for neutron scattering experiments. The unique capabilities of the magnet, large size and required connection to utilities demand a versatile instrument, able of performing diraction (powder and single crystal), SANS, re ectometry, and inelastic spectrometry, with minimal modications between congurations. In this paper we present preliminary design features for ZEEMANS. Monte Carlo simulations and analytical calculations were used to study its expected performance.

  18. Magnetic coupling device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Nance, Thomas A. (Aiken, SC)

    2009-08-18

    A quick connect/disconnect coupling apparatus is provided in which a base member is engaged by a locking housing through a series of interengagement pins. The pins maintain the shaft in a locked position. Upon exposure to an appropriately positioned magnetic field, pins are removed a sufficient distance such that the shaft may be withdrawn from the locking housing. The ability to lock and unlock the connector assembly requires no additional tools or parts apart from a magnetic key.

  19. Magnetic fluorescent lamp

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Berman, S.M.; Richardson R.W.

    1983-12-29

    The radiant emission of a mercury-argon discharge in a fluorescent lamp assembly is enhanced by providing means for establishing a magnetic field with lines of force along the path of electron flow through the bulb of the lamp assembly, to provide Zeeman splitting of the ultraviolet spectral line. Optimum results are obtained when the magnetic field strength causes a Zeeman splitting of approximately 1.7 times the thermal line width.

  20. Permanent Magnet Ecr Plasma Source With Magnetic Field Optimization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Doughty, Frank C. (Plano, TX); Spencer, John E. (Plano, TX)

    2000-12-19

    In a plasma-producing device, an optimized magnet field for electron cyclotron resonance plasma generation is provided by a shaped pole piece. The shaped pole piece adjusts spacing between the magnet and the resonance zone, creates a convex or concave resonance zone, and decreases stray fields between the resonance zone and the workpiece. For a cylindrical permanent magnet, the pole piece includes a disk adjacent the magnet together with an annular cylindrical sidewall structure axially aligned with the magnet and extending from the base around the permanent magnet. The pole piece directs magnetic field lines into the resonance zone, moving the resonance zone further from the face of the magnet. Additional permanent magnets or magnet arrays may be utilized to control field contours on a local scale. Rather than a permeable material, the sidewall structure may be composed of an annular cylindrical magnetic material having a polarity opposite that of the permanent magnet, creating convex regions in the resonance zone. An annular disk-shaped recurve section at the end of the sidewall structure forms magnetic mirrors keeping the plasma off the pole piece. A recurve section composed of magnetic material having a radial polarity forms convex regions and/or magnetic mirrors within the resonance zone.