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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Nuclear Magnetic Moments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper contains approximate formulas (Eqs. (5) and (6) for the calculation of nuclear magnetic moments from observed hyperfine structure separations.

S. Goudsmit

1933-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Streched Magnetic Moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We note that for a system of 2 nucleons in a stretched case (J=J1+J2) the magnetic moment of the combined system is the sum of the magnetic moments of the 2 constituents. We compile other simple formulas.

Larry Zamick; Yitzhak Sharon

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

3

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

4

Magnetic moment versus tensor charge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We express the baryon magnetic moments in terms of the baryon tensor charges, considering the quarks as relativistic interacting objects. Once tensor charges get measured accurately, the formula for the baryon magnetic moment will serve to extract precise information on the quark anomalous magnetic moment, the quark effective mass and the ratio of the quark constituent mass to the quark effective mass. The analogous formula for the baryon electric dipole moment is of no great use as it gets eventually sizable contributions from various CP- violating sources not necessary associated to the quark electric dipole moment.

M. Mekhfi

2005-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

5

Magnetic moment of the negative muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The most accurate value of the negative-muon magnetic moment, ??-=3.183 345(10)?p, is obtained by combining the negative-muon mass from x-ray transitions in muonic atoms and the reanalyzed negative-muon g factor with the proton magnetic moment in Bohr magnetons. The fractional uncertainty of 3.1×10-6 is 15 times more accurate than any previous direct measurement. The obtained ratio of the magnetic moments of the positive muon and the negative muon, ??+/??-=1.000 000 2(31), provides a test of CPT invariance at the level of 3 ppm. The negative-muon g factor g?- and the magnetic moment anomaly a?- derived for a test of CPT theorem are obtained from an approach now made possible using the new value of the negative-muon magnetic moment. To substantially improve the verification of the CPT theorem for the muon g factor, a much more precise value for ??-/?p is needed to determine the anomalous g factor a?- for the new Brookhaven National Laboratory muon g-2 experiment.

X. Fei

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

The Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The calculations entering the prediction of the standard model value for the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon $a_\\mu$ are reviewed, and compared to the very accurate experimental measurement. The situation for the electron is discussed in parallel.

Knecht, Marc

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Electric Dipole Moment of Magnetic Monopole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric dipole moment of magnetic monopoles with spin is studied in the N=2 supersymmetric gauge theory. The dipole moments of the electric charge distributions, as well as the dipole moments due to the magnetic currents, are calculated. The contribution of charge distribution of the fermion to the gyroelectric ratio is expressed by using zeta(3).

Makoto Kobayashi

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

8

Magnetic anomalies northeast of Shatsky Plateau  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAGNETIC ANOMALIES NORTHEAST OF SHATSKY PLATEAU A Thesis by DAVID LAWRENCE RISCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject...: Oceanography MAGNETIC ANOMALIES NORTHEAST OF SHATSKY PLATEAU A Thesis by DAVID LAWRENCE RISCH Approved as to style and content by: C rman Committee Member Member Head of Department May 198Z ABSTRACT Magnetic Anomalies Northeast of Shatsky Plateau...

Risch, David Lawrence

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

9

Magnetic Moment of Electrons near Cosmic Strings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of background geometry generated by a thin cosmic string on the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron. We find that the magnitude of the quantum correction to the magnetic moment depends on the distance from the cosmic string as well as on the deficit angle.

Takuya Maki; Kiyoshi Shiraishi

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

10

Molecular CP-violating magnetic moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A concept of CP-violating (T,P-odd) permanent molecular magnetic moments ?CP is introduced. We relate the moments to the electric dipole moment of electron (eEDM) and estimate ?CP for several diamagnetic polar molecules. The moments exhibit a steep, Z5, scaling with the nuclear charge Z of the heavier molecular constituent. A measurement of the CP-violating magnetization of a polarized sample of heavy molecules may improve the present limit on eEDM by several orders of magnitude.

Andrei Derevianko and M. G. Kozlov

2005-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

11

Intermediate wavelength magnetic anomalies over ocean basins  

SciTech Connect

We have examined three very long magnetic field profiles taken over ocean basins for the presence of intermediate wavelength magnetic anomalies. One profile was from the Atlantic Ocean in the Transatlantic Geotraverse area, one ran along latitude 35/sup 0/S in the SE Pacific, and one ran along 150/sup 0/W in the Pacific. All three profiles show the presence of intermediate wavelength (65--1500 km) magnetic anomalies generated in the crust or upper mantle. The analysis of magnetic field power spectra shows that the core field becomes unimportant at about a wavelength of 1500 km. Sea floor spreading anomalies should produce a maximum in power at about a wavelength of 65 km. Between these two wavelengths there should be a minimum in power which is not seen on observed records. Inverting the anomalous field to obtain some idea of the magnetization necessary to explain these intermediate wavelength magnetic anomalies shows that values of magnetization in excess of 1 A m/sup -1/ are needed if the magnetized layer is as thick as the ocean crust. Alternatively, rather large thicknesses of upper mantle material with lower intensities of magnetization need to be used. The reason why such magnetization variations exist is not known. It can be shown that upward continuation of the magnetic anomaly signature to an altitude of 350 km (about the perihelion altitude of MAGSAT) will produce anomalies up to 10 nT in amplitude. These should be capable of being seen by MAGSAT, and thus allow us to determine the spatial arrangement of the intermediate wavelength anomalies and hence, hopefully, a clue as to their origin.

Harrison, C.G.A.; Carle, H.M.

1981-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

12

Inversion of marine magnetic anomalies by deconvolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Fahlqu st (Member) Terry W. encer (M er) Earl R. Hoskins (Head of Department) December 1983 ABSTRACT Inversion Of Marine Magnetic Anomalies By Deconvolution (December, 1983) Dennis Lee Harry B. S. , Texas A&M University Co... magnetization, j(x), with a transfer function, g(x), which is dependant upon the location and orientation of the anomaly profile and the ridge axis relative to the earth's present magnetic field [Bott, 1967]. This is expressed as f(x) f g(x-C) ](C) d0...

Harry, Dennis Lee

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Magnetic moment of relativistic fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the paper a new class of exact localized solutions of Dirac's equation in the field of a circularly polarized electromagnetic wave and a constant magnetic field is presented. These solutions possess unusual properties and are applicable only to relativistic fermions. The problem of the magnetic resonance is considered in the framework of the classical theory of fields. It is shown that interpretation of the magnetic resonance for relativistic fermions must be changed. Numerical examples of parameters of the electromagnetic wave, constant magnetic field and the localization length scale for real measurements are presented.

Boris V. Gisin

2011-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

14

Nonstandard neutrino interactions and transition magnetic moments  

We constrain generic nonstandard neutrino interactions with existing experimental data on neutrino transition magnetic moments and derive strong bounds on tensorial couplings of neutrinos to charged fermions. We also discuss how some of these tensorial couplings can be constrained by other experiments, e.g., on neutrino-electron and neutrino-nucleus scattering.

Healey, Kristopher J.; Petrov, Alexey A.; Zhuridov, Dmitry

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Magnetic Moment of the Free Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic moment of the positive ? meson has been measured in several target materials by a magnetic resonance technique. Muons were brought to rest with their spins parallel to a magnetic field. A radio-frequency pulse was applied to effect a spin reorientation which was detected by counting the decay electrons emerging after the pulse in a fixed direction. Results are expressed in terms of a g factor which for a spin 1/2 particle is the ratio of the actual moment to e?2m?c. The most accurate result obtained in a CHBr3 target, is that g=2(1.0026±0.0009) compared to the theoretical prediction of g=2(1.0012). Less accurate measurements yielded g=2.005±0.005 in a copper target and g=2.00±0.01 in a lead target.

T. Coffin; R. L. Garwin; S. Penman; L. M. Lederman; A. M. Sachs

1958-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Energy of magnetic moment of superconducting current in magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy of magnetic moment of the persistent current circulating in superconducting loop in an externally produced magnetic field is not taken into account in the theory of quantization effects because of identification of the Hamiltonian with the energy. This identification misleads if, in accordance with the conservation law, the energy of a state is the energy expended for its creation. The energy of magnetic moment is deduced from a creation history of the current state in magnetic field both in the classical and quantum case. But taking this energy into account demolishes the agreement between theory and experiment. Impartial consideration of this problem discovers the contradiction both in theory and experiment.

V. L. Gurtovoi; A. V. Nikulov

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

17

Molecular CP-violating magnetic moment Andrei Derevianko1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular CP-violating magnetic moment Andrei Derevianko1 and M. G. Kozlov2 1 Department of Physics Received 26 April 2005; published 6 October 2005 A concept of CP-violating T,P-odd permanent molecular magnetic moments CP is introduced. We relate the moments to the electric dipole moment of electron e

Kozlov, Mikhail G

18

Magnetic moments of long isotopic chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dipole magnetic moments of several long isotopic chains are analyzed within the self-consistent Finite Fermi System theory based on the Generalized Energy Density Functional method with exact account for the pairing and quasi-particle continuum. New data for nuclei far from the beta-stability valley are included in the analysis. For a number of semi-magic isotopes of the tin and lead chains a good description of the data is obtained, with accuracy of 0.1 - 0.2 mu_N. A chain of non-magic isotopes of copper is also analyzed in detail. It is found that the systematic analysis of magnetic moments of this long chain yields rich information on the evolution of the nuclear structure of the Cu isotopes. In particular, it may give a signal of deformation for the ground state of some nuclei in the chain.

I. N. Borzov; E. E. Saperstein; S. V. Tolokonnikov; G. Neyens; N. Severijns

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

19

Magnetic Moment of the Positive Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic moment of the positive muon has been redetermined in terms of proton moments using a precession technique. The sensitivity achieved yields an error of 13 parts per million. The muons are stopped in various targets in a homogeneous magnetic field. The anisotropic distribution of the decay electrons relative to the muon spin direction permits the measurement of the spin precession frequency. The proton spin resonance is measured in the same field, yielding f?fp=3.18338±0.00004. This result may be combined with that of other experiments, the muon g factor, and the ratio of electron cyclotron frequency to proton resonance, fefp, to obtain a more precise evaluation of the muon mass in terms of electron masses. m?me equals 206.765±0.005.

David P. Hutchinson; Jack Menes; G. Shapiro; A. M. Patlach

1963-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Magnetic Moment of the Positive Muon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic moment of the positive muon has been measured relative to that of the proton by determining its precession frequency in a magnetic field measured by proton NMR. With both protons and muons bound in a spherical sample of water, the result is ????p?=3.183 362±0.000 030 (9.4 ppm). Including uncertainties due to the chemical environment of the muon, the result for free muons and protons is ???p=3.183 330±0.000 044 (14 ppm) which is consistent with recent measurements of the hyperfine splitting of muonium.

D. P. Hutchinson; F. L. Larsen; N. C. Schoen; D. I. Sober; A. S. Kanofsky

1970-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Decuplet baryon magnetic moments in the chiral quark model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present calculations of the decuplet baryon magnetic moments in the chiral quark model. As input we use parameters obtained in qualitatively accurate fits to the octet baryon magnetic moments studied previously. The values found for the magnetic moments of ?++ and ?- are in good agreement with experiments. We finally calculate the total quark spin polarizations of the decuplet baryons and find that they are considerably smaller than what is expected from the non-relativistic quark model.

Johan Linde; Tommy Ohlsson; Håkan Snellman

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Rock magnetic investigation of possible sources of the Bangui magnetic anomaly1 , M., Quesnel2*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rock magnetic investigation of possible sources of the Bangui magnetic anomaly1 2 Ouabego1,2 , M 44297159514 Email: quesnel@cerege.fr15 16 Abstract17 The Bangui Magnetic Anomaly (BMA) is the largest lithospheric magnetic field anomaly on18 Earth at low latitudes. Previous studies investigated its geological

Boyer, Edmond

23

Magnetic Moments of Light Nuclei from Lattice Quantum Chromodynamics  

We present the results of lattice QCD calculations of the magnetic moments of the lightest nuclei, the deuteron, the triton and 3He, along with those of the neutron and proton. These calculations, performed at quark masses corresponding to m_pi ~ 800 MeV, reveal that the structure of these nuclei at unphysically heavy quark masses closely resembles that at the physical quark masses. In particular, we find that the magnetic moment of 3He differs only slightly from that of a free neutron, as is the case in nature, indicating that the shell-model configuration of two spin-paired protons and a valence neutron captures its dominant structure. Similarly a shell-model-like moment is found for the triton, mu_^3H ~ mu_p. The deuteron magnetic moment is found to be equal to the nucleon isoscalar moment within the uncertainties of the calculations.

Beane, S. R.; Chang, E.; Cohen, S.; Detmold, W.; Lin, H W.; Orginos, K.; Parreno, A; Savage, M J.; Tiburzi, B C.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon: A Theoretical Introduction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In February 2001, the Muon (g-2) Collaboration of the E821 experiment at the Brookhaven AGS released a new value of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon a ? , mea...

Marc Knecht

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Standard Model Prediction of the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I review the present Standard Model prediction of the muon anomalous magnetic moment. The discrepancy with its experimental determination is (25.5 +- 8.0) x 10^-10, i.e., 3.2 standard deviations.

Joaquim Prades

2010-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

26

The muon anomalous magnetic moment, a view from the lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review some of the issues that arise in attempts to compute the hadronic corrections to the muon anomalous magnetic moment using Lattice QCD. We concentrate on the dominant contribution, which requires an accurate evaluation of the hadronic vacuum polarization.

Christopher Aubin; Thomas Blum; Maarten Golterman; Kim Maltman; Santiago Peris

2013-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

27

Magnetic Moment Enhancement for Mn7 Cluster on Graphene  

SciTech Connect

Mn7 cluster on graphene with different structural motifs and magnetic orders are investigated systematically by first-principles calculations. The calculations show that Mn7 on graphene prefers a two-layer motif and exhibits a ferrimagnetic coupling. The magnetic moment of the Mn7 cluster increases from 5.0 ?B at its free-standing state to about 6.0 ?B upon adsorption on graphene. Mn7 cluster also induces about 0.3 ?B of magnetic moment in the graphene layer, leading to an overall enhancement of 1.3 ?B magnetic moment for Mn7 on graphene. Detail electron transfer and bonding analysis have been carried out to investigate the origin of the magnetic enhancement.

Liu, Xiaojie [Ames Laboratory; Wang, Cai-Zhuang [Ames Laboratory; Lin, Hai-Qing [Beijing Computational Science Research Center; Ho, Kai-Ming [Ames Laboratory

2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

28

Magnetic Moment of the Proton in Units of the Bohr Magneton; the Magnetic Moment of the Electron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The details of a previously reported measurement of the proton magnetic moment in units of the Bohr magneton are given. This ratio of moments, which is obtained from common magnetic field observations of the nuclear magnetic resonance frequency of protons in a spherical sample of mineral oil and the cyclotron frequency of free low-energy electrons, is found to be ?p(oil)?0=(657.462±0.003)-1, where the uncertainty represents the estimated 50% probable error. The magnetic moment of the free proton is found, upon application of the appropriate diamagnetic correction factor, to be ?p?0=(657.442±0.003)-1. The present result may be combined with reported values for the ratio of the magnetic moment of the electron to the moment of the proton to yield for the magnetic moment of the free electron in units of the Bohr magneton, {?e?0,=1.001168±0.000005}{=1+(?2?)+(1.2±0.9)(?2?2),} where the uncertainty is the estimated 50% probable error. This result is to be compared with the current theoretically estimated value for this quality, {?e?0,=1+(?2?)-0.328(?2?2)}{=1.0011596.}

Sidney Liebes; Jr. and Peter Franken

1959-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Magnetic Moment of Vector Mesons in the Background Field Method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report some results for the magnetic moments of vector mesons extracted from mass shifts in the presence of static external magnetic fields. The calculations are done on $24^4$ quenched lattices using standard Wilson actions, with $\\beta$=6.0 and pion mass down to 500 MeV. The results are compared to those from the form factor method.

Frank X. Lee; Scott Moerschbacher; Walter Wilcox

2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

30

Magnetic Moments of Negative-Parity Baryons from Lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report preliminary results for the magnetic moments of negative-parity baryons extracted from mass shifts in the presence of static external magnetic fields. The calculations are done on $24^3\\times 48$ quenched lattices using standard Wilson actions, with $\\beta$=6.0 and pion mass down to about 520 MeV, and 1000 configurations. Reasonable signals for the negative-parity states are observed and the sign of their magnetic moments is established. The results are compared to model calculations.

Frank X. Lee; Andrei Alexandru

2010-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

31

Magnetic moments of octet baryons at finite density and temperature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the change of magnetic moments of octet baryons in nuclear matter at a finite density and temperature. Quark-meson coupling models are employed in describing properties of octet baryons and their interactions. Magnetic moments of octet baryons are found to increase non-negligibly as density and temperature increase, and we find that temperature dependence can be strongly correlated with the quark-hadron phase transition. Model dependence is also examined by comparing the results from the quark-meson coupling (QMC) model to those by the modified QMC (MQMC) model where the bag constant is assumed to depend on density. Both models predict sizable dependence on density and temperature, but the MQMC model shows a more drastic change of magnetic moments. Feasible changes of the nucleon mass by strong magnetic fields are also reported in the given models.

C. Y. Ryu; C. H. Hyun; M. -K. Cheoun

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

32

Photon Magnetic Moment and Vacuum Magnetization in an Asymptotically Large Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the effect of the photon radiative correction on the vacuum energy in a superstrong magnetic field. The notion of a photon anomalous magnetic moment is analyzed and its connection with the quasiparticle character of the electromagnetic radiation is established. In the infrared domain the magnetic moment turns out to be a vector with two orthogonal components in correspondence with the cylindrical symmetry imposed by the external field. The possibility of defining such quantity in the high energy limit is studied as well. Its existence suggests that the electromagnetic radiation is a source of magnetization to the whole vacuum and thus its electron-positron zero-point energy is slightly modified. The corresponding contribution to the vacuum magnetization density is determined by considering the individual contribution of each vacuum polarization eigenmode in the Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian. A paramagnetic response is found in one of them, whereas the remaining ones are diamagnetic. Additional issues concerning the transverse pressures are analyzed.

Selym Villalba Chavez

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

33

Muon anomalous magnetic moment in a $SU(4) \\otimes U(1)_N$ model without exotic electric charges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study an electroweak gauge extension of the standard model, so called 3-4-1 model, which does not contain exotic electric charges and it is anomaly free. We discuss phenomenological constraints of the model and compute all the corrections to the muon magnetic moment. Mainly, we discuss different mass regimes and their impact on this correction, deriving for the first time direct limits on the masses of the neutral fermions and charged vector bosons. Interestingly, the model could address the reported muon anomalous magnetic moment excess, however it would demands a rather low scale of symmetry breaking, far below the current electroweak constraints on the model. Thus, if this excess is confirmed in the foreseeable future by the g-2 experiment at FERMILAB, this 3-4-1 model can be decisively ruled out since the model cannot reproduce a sizeable and positive contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment consistent with current electroweak limits.

Cogollo, D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

The Electric and Magnetic Moments of the Neutron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The Electric and Magnetic Moments of the Neutron J. M. Pendlebury K. Smith It is well known that the free neutron decays spontaneously into a proton, an...Grenoble, which have shown that the neutron charge is probably less than 4 x 10...

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Electromagnetic soliton-particle with spin and magnetic moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electromagnetic soliton-particle with both quasi-static and quick-oscillating wave parts is considered. Its mass, spin, charge, and magnetic moment appear naturally when the interaction with distant solitons is considered. The substantiation of Dirac equation for the wave part of the interacting soliton-particle is given.

Alexander A. Chernitskii

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

36

Itinerant and local-moment magnetism in EuCr2As2 single crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the crystal structure, physical properties, and electronic structure calculations for the ternary pnictide compound EuCr2As2. X-ray diffraction studies confirmed that EuCr2As2 crystalizes in the ThCr2Si2-type tetragonal structure (space group I4/mmm). The Eu ions are in a stable divalent state in this compound. Eu moments in EuCr2As2 order magnetically below Tm = 21 K. A sharp increase in the magnetic susceptibility below Tm and the positive value of the paramagnetic Curie temperature obtained from the Curie-Weiss fit suggest dominant ferromagnetic interactions. The heat capacity exhibits a sharp ?-shape anomaly at Tm, confirming the bulk nature of the magnetic transition. The extracted magnetic entropy at the magnetic transition temperature is consistent with the theoretical value Rln(2S+1) for S=7/2 of the Eu2+ ion. The temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity ?(T) shows metallic behavior along with an anomaly at 21 K. In addition, we observe a reasonably large negative magnetoresistance (??24%) at lower temperature. Electronic structure calculations for EuCr2As2 reveal a moderately high density of states of Cr-3d orbitals at the Fermi energy, indicating that the nonmagnetic state of Cr is unstable against magnetic order. Our density functional calculations for EuCr2As2 predict a G-type AFM order in the Cr sublattice. The electronic structure calculations suggest a weak interlayer coupling of the Eu moments.

U. B. Paramanik; R. Prasad; C. Geibel; Z. Hossain

2014-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

37

The Magnetic Moments of H3 and He3  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A measurement of the magnetic moments of the nuclei H3 and He3 would yield information concerning the deviations from L-S coupling in these nuclei. It is shown that the sum of the moments of the two nuclei can be directly related to the amount of admixture of the P2, P4, and D4 eigenfunctions with the S2 function. Thus the measurement of both moments would lead to direct information concerning the contributions of these functions to the ground state of the two nuclei. The individual moments depend to some extent on the detailed properties of the wave functions, but if only the S2 and D4 functions contribute appreciably to the ground state, and if particularly simple forms of these functions are assumed, the moment of each nucleus is shown to be expressible in terms of the amount of admixture of the two functions. If then the amount of D4 function is taken to be 4 percent on the basis of an estimate by Gerjuoy and Schwinger, the moments of H3 and He3 are found to be 2.71 and - 1.86 nuclear magnetons, respectively.

R. G. Sachs and Julian Schwinger

1946-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Plasmon decay to a neutrino pair via neutrino electromagnetic moments in a strongly magnetized medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the neutrino luminosity of a degenerate electron gas in a strong magnetic field via plasmon decay to a neutrino pair due to neutrino electromagnetic moments and obtain the relative upper bounds on the effective neutrino magnetic moment.

A. V. Borisov; P. E. Sizin

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

39

Neutrino Magnetic Moment, CP Violation and Flavor Oscillations in Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider collective oscillations of neutrinos, which are emergent nonlinear flavor evolution phenomena instigated by neutrino-neutrino interactions in astrophysical environments with sufficiently high neutrino densities. We investigate the symmetries of the problem in the full three flavor mixing scheme and in the exact many-body formulation by including the effects of CP violation and neutrino magnetic moment. We show that, similar to the two flavor scheme, several dynamical symmetries exist for three flavors in the single-angle approximation if the net electron background in the environment and the effects of the neutrino magnetic moment are negligible. Moreover, we show that these dynamical symmetries are present even when the CP symmetry is violated in neutrino oscillations. We explicitly write down the constants of motion through which these dynamical symmetries manifest themselves in terms of the generators of the SU(3) flavor transformations. We also show that the effects due to the CP-violating Dirac phase factor out of the many-body evolution operator and evolve independently of nonlinear flavor transformations if neutrino electromagnetic interactions are ignored. In the presence of a strong magnetic field, CP-violating effects can still be considered independently provided that an effective definition for neutrino magnetic moment is used.

Y. Pehlivan; A. B. Balantekin; Toshitaka Kajino

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

40

Verification of Ni magnetic moment in GdNi2 Laves phase by magnetic circular dichroism measurement  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Investigation of the magnetic moment of nickel in the polycrystal GdNi2 Laves phase was carried out by means of magnetic circular dichroism (MCD) in the core-level x-ray-absorption spectroscopy. It was revealed that the nickel magnetic moment originating from the 3d state (band) does exist and couples antiparallel to that of gadolinium whose MCD was observed at the M4,5 absorption edge. That is, nickel retains an intrinsic magnetic moment even in the Laves phase concentration. Furthermore, by analyzing in terms of sum rule, the contribution of spin and orbital magnetic moments to the magnetic moment was evaluated and discussed.

M. Mizumaki; K. Yano; I. Umehara; F. Ishikawa; K. Sato; A. Koizumi; N. Sakai; T. Muro

2003-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Nuclear Spin and Magnetic Moment of Potassium (41)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The spin of the K41 nucleus and the h.f.s. separation of the S122 normal state have been measured by the method of zero moments. The high resolution necessary to separate the two isotopes was obtained by passing a beam of neutral potassium atoms through a weak inhomogeneous magnetic field 153 cm long. The total beam length was 201 cm. A new method of analysis of the zero moment peak of K41 in relation to that of K39 was used in the determination of the spin. The spin was found to be 3/2 and the h.f.s. separation to be 0.554±0.2 percent of that of K39. The same ratio applies to the magnetic moments, hence this ratio and the values for K39 given by Fox and Rabi yield {??(K41),=0.00853±0.0001 cm-1}{?(K41),=0.22 nuclear Bohr magneton .} From the peak intensities it is possible to give the abundance ratio K39/K41 as 13.4±0.5.

J. H. Manley

1936-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Magnetic response enhancement via electrically induced magnetic moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The realization of negative refraction in atomic gases requires a strong magnetic response of the atoms. Current proposals for such systems achieve an enhancement of the magnetic response by a suitable laser field configuration, but still rely on high gas densities. Thus further progress is desirable, and this requires an understanding of the precise mechanism for the enhancement. Therefore, here we study the magnetic and electric response to a probe field interacting with three-level atoms in ladder configuration. In our first model, the three transitions are driven by a control field and the electric and magnetic component of the probe field, giving rise to a closed interaction loop. In a reference model, the coherent driving is replaced by an incoherent pump field. A time-dependent analysis of the closed-loop system enables us to identify the different contributions to the medium response. A comparison with the reference system then allows one to identify the physical mechanism that leads to the enhancement. It is found that the enhancement occurs at so-called multiphoton resonance by a scattering of the coupling field and the electric probe field mode into the magnetic probe field mode. Based on these results, conditions for the enhancement are discussed.

B. Jungnitsch; J. Evers

2008-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

43

Lattice Determination of the Anomalous Magnetic Moment of the Muon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the leading hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon a_mu^HLO using two dynamical flavours of non-perturbatively O(a) improved Wilson fermions. By applying partially twisted boundary conditions we are able to improve the momentum resolution of the vacuum polarisation, an important ingredient for the determination of the leading hadronic contribution. We check systematic uncertainties by studying several ensembles, which allows us to discuss finite size effects and lattice artefacts. The chiral behavior of a_mu^HLO turns out to be non-trivial, especially for small pion masses.

Michele Della Morte; Benjamin Jäger; Andreas Jüttner; Hartmut Wittig

2011-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

44

New Physics Contributions to the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment: A Numerical Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the contributions of individual new particles to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, utilizing the generic framework of simplified models. We also present analytic results for all possible one-loop contributions, allowing easy application of these results for more complete models which predict more than one particle capable of correcting the muon magnetic moment. Additionally, we provide a Mathematica code to allow the reader straightforwardly compute any 1-loop contribution. Furthermore, we derive bounds on each new particle considered, assuming either the absence of other significant contributions to $a_\\mu$ or that the anomaly has been resolved by some other mechanism. The simplified models we consider are constructed without the requirement of $SU(2)_L$ invariance, but appropriate chiral coupling choices are also considered. In summary, we found the following particles capable of explaining the current discrepancy, assuming unit couplings: $2$~TeV ($0.3$~TeV) neutral scalar with pure scalar (chiral) couplings, $4$~TeV doubly charged scalar with pure pseudoscalar coupling, $0.3-1$~TeV neutral vector boson depending on what couplings are used (vector, axial, or mixed), $0.5-1$~TeV singly-charged vector boson depending on which couplings are chosen, and $3$~TeV doubly-charged vector-coupled bosons. We also derive the following $1\\sigma$ lower bounds on new particle masses assuming unit couplings and that the experimental anomaly has been otherwise resolved: a doubly charged pseudo-scalar must be heavier than $7$~TeV, a neutral scalar than $3$~TeV, a vector-coupled new neutral boson $600$~GeV, an axial-coupled neutral boson $1.5$~TeV, a singly-charged vector-coupled $W^\\prime$ $1$~TeV, a doubly-charged vector-coupled boson $5$~TeV, scalar leptoquarks $10$~TeV, and vector leptoquarks $10$~TeV.

Farinaldo S. Queiroz; William Shepherd

2014-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

45

A Palaeomagnetic Pole from Late Cretaceous Marine Magnetic Anomalies in the Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......three in the South-westPacific Basin (SW-1, SW-2 and SW-3...anomalies around the magnetic bight in the North Pacific (Vine...in the South-east Pacific Basin. These anomalies were formed...in the South-east Pacific Basin. These anomalies are the counterparts......

Steven C. Cande

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

The Effect of Sterile States on the Magnetic Moments of Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We briefly review recent work exploring the effect of light sterile neutrino states on the neutrino magnetic moment as explored by the reactor and solar neutrino experiments.

A. B. Balantekin; N. Vassh

2014-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

47

Deep-tow study of magnetic anomalies in the Pacific Jurassic Quiet Zone  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Jurassic Quiet Zone (JQZ) is a region of low amplitude, difficult-to-correlate magnetic anomalies located over Jurassic oceanic crust. We collected 1200 km of new deep-tow magnetic anomaly profiles over the Pacific JQZ that complement 2 deep...

Tominaga, Masako

2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

48

Magnetic moments of $?_Q^\\prime$-$?_Q$ transitions in light cone QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $\\Xi_Q^\\prime$-$\\Xi_Q$ transition magnetic moments are calculated in framework of the light cone QCD sum rules method (LCSR). The values of the transition magnetic moments obtained are compared with the predictions of the other theoretical approaches.

T. M. Aliev; K. Azizi; M. Savci

2014-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

49

Neutrino transition magnetic moments and the solar magnetic field on the light of the Kamland evidence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present here a recopilation of recent results about the possibility of detecting solar electron antineutrinos produced by solar core and convective magnetic fields. These antineutrinos are predicted by spin-flavor oscillations at a significant rate even if this mechanism is not the leading solution to the SNP. Using the recent Kamland results and assuming a concrete model for antineutrino production by spin-flavor precession in the convective zone based on chaotic magnetic fields,we obtain bounds on the flux of solar antineutrinos, on the average conversion neutrino-antineutrino probability and on intrinsic neutrino magnetic moment. In the most conservative case, $\\mu\\lsim 2.5\\times 10^{-11} \\mu_B$ (95% CL). When studying the effects of a core magnetic field, we find in the weak limit a scaling of the antineutrino probability with respect to the magnetic field profile in the sense that the same probability function can be reproduced by any profile with a suitable peak field value. In this way the solar electron antineutrino spectrum can be unambiguosly predicted. We use this scaling and the negative results indicated by the KamLAND experiment to obtain upper bounds on the solar electron antineutrino flux. We find that, for a wide family of magnetic field profiles in the sun interior, the antineutrino appearance probability is largely determined by the magnetic field intensity but not by its shape. Explicit limits on neutrino transition moments are also obtained consistent with the convective case. These limits are therefore largerly independent of the detailed structure of the magnetic field in the solar interior.

V. Antonelli; B. C. Chauhan; J. Pulido; E. Torrente-Lujan

2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

50

Extraction of the anomaly magnetic field of the earth from stratospheric balloon magnetic surveys at altitudes of 20–40 km  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The solution to the problem of extraction of the anomaly Earth’s magnetic field (EMF) from stratospheric balloon magnetic surveys with the help of global...

Yu. P. Tsvetkov; V. D. Kuznetsov; V. P. Golovkov; O. M. Brekhov…

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

4f-local magnetic moments in the metals and alloys with SDW-instability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

magnetic moments and itinerant electrons (RKKY-coupling) is modified by the additional coupling between-interac- tion but standard theory neglects the coupling between itinerant electrons, which leads to the magnetic electrons determines the type of magnetic order and AF structure wave vector Q for the local ( *) Permanent

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

52

Energy Dependence of Solar Neutrino Suppression and Bounds on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An analysis of neutrino electron scattering as applied to the SuperKamiokande solar neutrino experiment with the data from the Homestake experiment leads to an upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment in the range $\\mu_{\

Joao Pulido; Ana M. Mourao

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

53

Incoherent interaction of propagating spin waves with precessing magnetic moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetization dynamics of the magnetic vortex state occurring in response to subnanosecond transitions of the externally applied magnetic field was investigated in Ni[subscript 80]Fe[subscript 20](12?nm)/Ir[subscript ...

Ross, Caroline A.

54

Magnetic moment of hyperons in nuclear matter by using quark-meson coupling models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the magnetic moments of hyperons in dense nuclear matter by using relativistic quark models. Hyperons are treated as MIT bags, and the interactions are considered to be mediated by the exchange of scalar and vector mesons which are approximated as mean fields. Model dependence is investigated by using the quark-meson coupling model and the modified quark-meson coupling model; in the former the bag constant is independent of density and in the latter it depends on density. Both models give us the magnitudes of the magnetic moments increasing with density for most octet baryons. But there is a considerable model dependence in the values of the magnetic moments in dense medium. The magnetic moments at the nuclear saturation density calculated by the quark meson coupling model are only a few percents larger than those in free space, but the magnetic moments from the modified quark meson coupling model increase more than 10% for most hyperons. The correlations between the bag radius of hyperons and the magnetic moments of hyperons in dense matter are discussed.

C. Y. Ryu; C. H. Hyun; T. -S. Park; S. W. Hong

2008-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

55

Volume 28B, number 5 PHYSICS LETTERS 23 December 1968 MAGNETIC MOMENTS AND SHORT-RANGE CORRELATIONS*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to previous assertions, Brueckner correlations do affect magnetic moments. The parameteriza- tion that emerges of the Brueckner theory do not influence the moments [1]. We will first show that this as- sertion is incorrect. Amado's proof for the orbital contribution to the magnetic moment rests on the analogy of Brueckner

Bertsch George F.

56

Analytical eighth-order light-by-light QED contributions from leptons with heavier masses to the anomalous magnetic moment of electron  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The important consequences of the recent results of the numerical evaluations of eighth- and tenth-order QED contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of electrons are commented upon on this paper. The correctness of the results of the numerical evaluation of the new eighth-order QED corrections to the electron anomaly are supported by the demonstration of their consistency with the presented in this work analytical expressions QED contributions to ae from the diagrams with fourth-order light-by-light scattering muon and tau-lepton loops. The consistency of similar analytical and numerical results is demonstrated in the case of eighth-order mass-dependent contributions to the muon’s anomalous magnetic moment.

A. L. Kataev

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

57

Electric/magnetic duality for chiral gauge theories with anomaly cancellation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that 4D gauge theories with Green-Schwarz anomaly cancellation and possible generalized Chern-Simons terms admit a formulation that is manifestly covariant with respect to electric/magnetic duality transformations. This generalizes previous work on the symplectically covariant formulation of anomaly-free gauge theories as they typically occur in extended supergravity, and now also includes general theories with (pseudo-)anomalous gauge interactions as they may occur in global or local N=1 supersymmetry. This generalization is achieved by relaxing the linear constraint on the embedding tensor so as to allow for a symmetric 3-tensor related to electric and/or magnetic quantum anomalies in these theories. Apart from electric and magnetic gauge fields, the resulting Lagrangians also feature two-form fields and can accommodate various unusual duality frames as they often appear, e.g., in string compactifications with background fluxes.

Jan De Rydt; Torsten T. Schmidt; Mario Trigiante; Antoine Van Proeyen; Marco Zagermann

2009-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

58

Magnetic Moment Density from Lack of Smoothness of the Ernst Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk it is shown a way for constructing magnetic surface sources for stationary axisymmetric electrovac spacetimes possessing a non-smooth electromagnetic Ernst potential. The magnetic moment density is related to this lack of smoothness and its calculation involves solving a linear elliptic differential equation. As an application the results are used for constructing a magnetic source for the Kerr-Newman field.

L. Fernández-Jambrina

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

59

Limit on the Muon Neutrino Magnetic Moment And A Measurement of the CCPIP to CCQE Cross Section Ratio.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A search for the muon neutrino magnetic moment was conducted using the Mini- BooNE low energy neutrino data. The analysis was performed by analyzing the… (more)

Ouedraogo, Serge Arisitde

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Muon anomalous magnetic moment due to the brane-stretching effect  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the contribution of extra dimensions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment by using an ADD-type 6-dimensional model. This approach analyzes the extent of the influence of classical brane fluctuations on the magnetic moment. When we consider that the brane fluctuations are static in time, they add new potential terms to the Schr{\\"o}dinger equation through the induced vierbein. This paper shows that the brane fluctuation is responsible for the brane-stretching effect. This effect would be capable of reproducing the appropriate order for recent Brookhaven National Laboratory measurements of the muon (g-2) deviation.

Konosuke Sawa

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Octet baryon magnetic moments in the chiral quark model with configuration mixing  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Coleman–Glashow sum-rule for magnetic moments is always fulfilled in the chiral quark model, independently of SU(3) symmetry breaking. This is due to the structure of the wave functions, coming from the non-relativistic quark model. Experimentally, the Coleman–Glashow sum-rule is violated by about ten standard deviations. To overcome this problem, two models of wave functions with configuration mixing are studied. One of these models violates the Coleman–Glashow sum-rule to the right degree and also reproduces the octet baryon magnetic moments rather accurately.

Johan Linde; Tommy Ohlsson; Håkan Snellman

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Direct high-precision measurement of the magnetic moment of the proton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The spin-magnetic moment of the proton $\\mu_p$ is a fundamental property of this particle. So far $\\mu_p$ has only been measured indirectly, analysing the spectrum of an atomic hydrogen maser in a magnetic field. Here, we report the direct high-precision measurement of the magnetic moment of a single proton using the double Penning-trap technique. We drive proton-spin quantum jumps by a magnetic radio-frequency field in a Penning trap with a homogeneous magnetic field. The induced spin-transitions are detected in a second trap with a strong superimposed magnetic inhomogeneity. This enables the measurement of the spin-flip probability as a function of the drive frequency. In each measurement the proton's cyclotron frequency is used to determine the magnetic field of the trap. From the normalized resonance curve, we extract the particle's magnetic moment in units of the nuclear magneton $\\mu_p=2.792847350(9)\\mu_N$. This measurement outperforms previous Penning trap measurements in terms of precision by a factor of about 760. It improves the precision of the forty year old indirect measurement, in which significant theoretical bound state corrections were required to obtain $\\mu_p$, by a factor of 3. By application of this method to the antiproton magnetic moment $\\mu_{\\bar{p}}$ the fractional precision of the recently reported value can be improved by a factor of at least 1000. Combined with the present result, this will provide a stringent test of matter/antimatter symmetry with baryons.

A. Mooser; S. Ulmer; K. Blaum; K. Franke; H. Kracke; C. Leiteritz; W. Quint; C. C. Rodegheri; C. Smorra; J. Walz

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

Neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by the neutrino magnetic moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new channel of the neutrinoless double beta decay. In this scenario neutrinos not only oscillate inside the nucleus but also interact with an external non-uniform magnetic field. We assume that the field rotates about the direction of motion of the neutrino and show, that for a certain speed of rotation the half-life of the $0\

Marek Gó?d?; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

2014-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

64

Neutrinoless double beta decay mediated by the neutrino magnetic moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new channel of the neutrinoless double beta decay. In this scenario neutrinos not only oscillate inside the nucleus but also interact with an external non-uniform magnetic field. We assume that the field rotates about the direction of motion of the neutrino and show, that for a certain speed of rotation the half-life of the $0\

Gó?d?, Marek

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gravity and magnetic anomalies and the deep structure of the Parnaiba cratonic basin, Brazil A. B profile across the Parnaiba cratonic basin in NorthEast Brazil. The purpose of this project is to acquire margin of Parnaíba Basin, Brazil. Geophysics 64: 337-356. Ussami N, Cogo de Sa N, Molina EC. 1993

Watts, A. B. "Tony"

66

Controls on Martian hydrothermal systems: Application to valley network and magnetic anomaly formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

circulation can quantify limits to the role of hydrothermal activity in Martian crustal processes. We present the viability of hydrothermal circulation as the primary process responsible for the broad spatial correlationControls on Martian hydrothermal systems: Application to valley network and magnetic anomaly

Harrison, Keith

67

Magnetic moments of vector, axial, and tensor mesons in lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a calculation of magnetic moments for selected spin-1 mesons using the techniques of lattice QCD. This is carried out by introducing progressively small static magnetic field on the lattice and measuring the linear response of a hadron's mass shift. The calculations are done on $24^4$ quenched lattices using standard Wilson actions, with $\\beta$=6.0 and pion mass down to 500 MeV. The results are compared to those from the form factor method where available.

F. X. Lee; S. Moerschbacher; W. Wilcox

2008-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

68

Magnetic moment and plasma environment of HD 209458b as determined from Ly? observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...We assume the atmosphere of HD 209458b...consistent with atmospheric models...by the shaded area. One can...shows the thermal atmospheric atoms. Fig...the estimated plasma parameters are from the...209458b at 150 MHz (19). Proximity...not support a larger magnetic moment that exceeds...

Kristina G. Kislyakova; Mats Holmström; Helmut Lammer; Petra Odert; Maxim L. Khodachenko

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

69

Pion Pole Contribution to Hadronic Light-By-Light Scattering and Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive an analytic result for the pion pole contribution to the light-by-light scattering correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a?=(g?-2)/2. Using the vector meson dominance model for the pion transition form factor, we obtain a?LBL,?0=+56×10-11.

Ian Blokland; Andrzej Czarnecki; Kirill Melnikov

2002-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

70

Hadronic contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment Workshop. $(g-2)_?$: Quo vadis? Workshop. Mini proceedings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the mini-proceedings of the workshops Hadronic contributions to the muon anomalous magnetic moment: strategies for improvements of the accuracy of the theoretical prediction and $(g-2)_{\\mu}$: Quo vadis?, both held in Mainz from April 1$^{\\rm rst}$ to 5$^{\\rm th}$ and from April 7$^{\\rm th}$ to 10$^{\\rm th}$, 2014, respectively.

Maurice Benayoun; Johan Bijnens; Tom Blum; Irinel Caprini; Gilberto Colangelo; Henryk Czy?; Achim Denig; Cesareo A. Dominguez; Simon Eidelman; Christian S. Fischer; Paolo Gauzzi; Yuping Guo; Andreas Hafner; Masashi Hayakawa; Gregorio Herdoiza; Martin Hoferichter; Guangshun Huang; Karl Jansen; Fred Jegerlehner; Benedikt Kloss; Bastian Kubis; Zhiqing Liu; William Marciano; Pere Masjuan; Harvey B. Meyer; Tsutomu Mibe; Andreas Nyffeler; Vladimir Pascalutsa; Vladyslav Pauk; Michael R. Pennington; Santiago Peris; Christoph F. Redmer; Pablo Sanchez-Puertas; Boris Shwartz; Evgeny Solodov; Dominik Stoeckinger; Thomas Teubner; Marc Unverzagt; Marc Vanderhaeghen; Magnus Wolke

2014-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

71

Leading-order hadronic contributions to the electron and tau anomalous magnetic moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The leading hadronic contributions to the anomalous magnetic moments of the electron and the $\\tau$-lepton are determined by a four-flavour lattice QCD computation with twisted mass fermions. The continuum limit is taken and systematic uncertainties are quantified. Full agreement with results obtained by phenomenological analyses is found.

Burger, Florian; Jansen, Karl; Petschlies, Marcus

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

� 1� THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano (BNL). The Dirac equation predicts a muon magnetic moment, M = g� e 2m� S, with gyromagnetic ratio g muon g - 2 reviews, see Refs. [3,4]. The E821 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) studied

73

THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

­ 1­ THE MUON ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENT Updated July 2011 by A. Hoecker (CERN), and W.J. Marciano (BNL). The Dirac equation predicts a muon magnetic moment, M = gµ e 2mµ S, with gyromagnetic ratio gµ muon g - 2 reviews, see Refs. [3,4]. The E821 experiment at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) studied

74

Magnetic Moments of Delta and Omega^- Baryons with Dynamical Clover Fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the magnetic dipole moment of the Delta(1232) and Omega^- baryons with 2+1-flavors of clover fermions on anisotropic lattices using a background magnetic field. This is the first dynamical calculation of these magnetic moments using a background field technique. The calculation for Omega^- is done at the physical strange quark mass, with the result in units of the physical nuclear magneton mu_Omega^-= -1.93(8)(12) (where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic) compared to the experimental number: -2.02(5). The Delta has been studied at three unphysical quark masses, corresponding to pion mass m_pi = 366, 438, and 548 MeV. The pion mass dependence is compared with the behavior obtained from chiral effective field theory.

C. Aubin; K. Orginos; V. Pascalutsa; M. Vanderhaeghen

2008-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

75

Magnetic Moments of 69-min Ag104 and 27-min Ag104m  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The hyperfine structure separations of 69-min Ag104 and of 27-min Ag104m have been measured using the atomic beam magnetic resonance method. The results are: ??I=5(69-min Ag104)=33 500-1000+2000 Mc/sec, ??I=2(27-min Ag104m)=35 000±2000 Mc/sec. The sign of the nuclear magnetic dipole moment has been found to be positive for both states, and by use of the Fermi-Segrè formula one obtains ?I(I=5)=+4.0-0.1+0.2 nm, ?I(I=2)=+3.7±0.2 nm. Nuclear configurations which give these moments are discussed and we comment on the difference between Ag104 which shows a 2+, 5+ angular momentum recoupling doublet and Ag106 and Ag110 which show a 1+, 6+ doublet.

O. Ames; A. M. Bernstein; M. H. Brennan; D. R. Hamilton

1961-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Magnetic moments of light, charmed, and b-flavored baryons in a relativistic logarithmic potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple independent-quark model based on the Dirac equation with logarithmic confining potential of the form V(r)=(1+?0)[a ln(r/b)] with a,b>0 is used to calculate the magnetic moments of light, charmed, and b-flavored baryons. Not only do the results obtained for light baryons agree reasonably well with experiment, but also the overall predictions for the charmed and b-flavored baryons compare very well with other model predictions.

S. N. Jena and D. P. Rath

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Magmatism at the west Iberia non-volcanic rifted continental margin: evidence from analyses of magnetic anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the production of greater volumes of melt leads...the Jeanne d'Arc Basin, offshore Newfoundland...margin of Australia: Great Australian Bight and western sections...magnetic anomalies in the Australian-Antarctic Basin: are they isochrons......

S. M. Russell; R. B. Whitmarsh

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Nuclear Magnetic Moment of Fr210: A Combined Theoretical and Experimental Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We measure the hyperfine splitting of the 9S1/2 level of Fr210, and find a magnetic dipole hyperfine constant A=622.25(36)??MHz. The theoretical value, obtained using the relativistic all-order method from the electronic wave function at the nucleus, allows us to extract a nuclear magnetic moment of 4.38(5)?N for this isotope, which represents a factor of 2 improvement in precision over previous measurements. The same method can be applied to other rare isotopes and elements.

E. Gomez; S. Aubin; L. A. Orozco; G. D. Sprouse; E. Iskrenova-Tchoukova; M. S. Safronova

2008-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

79

Magnetic moment of Ag-104(m) and the hyperfine magnetic field of Ag in Fe using nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR/ON) measurements with beta- and gamma-ray detection have been performed on oriented Ag-104(g,m) nuclei with the NICOLE He-3-He-4 dilution refrigerator setup at ISOLDE/CERN. For Ag-104(g) (I-pi = 5(+)) the gamma-NMR/ON resonance signal was found at nu = 266.70(5) MHz. Combining this result with the known magnetic moment for this isotope, the magnetic hyperfine field of Ag impurities in an Fe host at low temperature (magnetic moment mu(Ag-104m) = +3.691(3) mu(N), which is significantly more precise than previous results. The magnetic moments of the even-A Ag102 -110 isotopes are discussed in view of the competition between the (pi g(9/2))(7/2+)(-3)(nu d(5/2)nu g(7/2))(5/2+) and the (pi g(9/2))(9/2+)(-3)(nu d(5/2)nu g(7/2))(5/2+) configurations. The magnetic moments of the ground and isomeric states of Ag-104 can be explained by an almost complete mixing of these two configurations.

V. V. Golovko; I. S. Kraev; T. Phalet; B. Delaure; M. Beck; V. Yu. Kozlov; S. Coeck; F. Wauters; P. Herzog; Ch. Tramm; D. Zakoucky; D. Venos; D. Srnka; M. Honusek; U. Koester; N. Severijns

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

80

Strange and charm quark contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new technique to determine the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon coming from the hadronic vacuum polarization using lattice QCD. Our method reconstructs the Adler function, using Pad\\'{e} approximants, from its derivatives at $q^2=0$ obtained simply and accurately from time-moments of the vector current-current correlator at zero spatial momentum. We test the method using strange quark correlators on large-volume gluon field configurations that include the effect of up and down (at physical masses), strange and charm quarks in the sea at multiple values of the lattice spacing and multiple volumes and show that 1% accuracy is achievable. For the charm quark contributions we use our previously determined moments with up, down and strange quarks in the sea on very fine lattices. We find the (connected) contribution to the anomalous moment from the strange quark vacuum polarization to be $a_\\mu^s = 53.41(59) \\times 10^{-10}$, and from charm to be $a_\\mu^c = 14.42(39)\\times 10^{-10}$. These are in good agreement with flavour-separated results from non-lattice methods, given caveats about the comparison. The extension of our method to the light quark contribution and to that from the quark-line disconnected diagram is straightforward.

Bipasha Chakraborty; C. T. H. Davies; G. C. Donald; R. J. Dowdall; J. Koponen; G. P. Lepage; T. Teubner

2014-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The reaction $?p \\to ?^\\circ ?^\\prime p$ and the magnetic dipole moment of the $?^+(1232)$ resonance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reaction $\\gamma p \\to \\pi^\\circ \\gamma^\\prime p$ has been measured with the TAPS calorimeter at the Mainz Microtron accelerator facility MAMI for energies between $\\sqrt{s}$ = 1221--1331 MeV. Cross sections differential in angle and energy have been determined for all particles in the final state in three bins of the excitation energy. This reaction channel provides access to the magnetic dipole moment of the $\\Delta^{+}(1232)$ resonance and, for the first time, a value of $\\mu_{\\Delta^+} = (2.7_{-1.3}^{+1.0}(stat.) \\pm 1.5 (syst.) \\pm 3(theo.)) \\mu_N$ has been extracted.

M. Kotulla; J. Ahrens; J. R. M. Annand; R. Beck; G. Caselotti; L. S. Fog; D. Hornidge; S. Janssen; B. Krusche; J. C. McGeorge; I. J. D. McGregor; K. Mengel; J. G. Messchendorp; V. Metag; R. Novotny; M. Pfeiffer; M. Rost; S. Sack; R. Sanderson; S. Schadmand; D. P. Watts

2002-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

82

Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment and Gauge Symmetry in the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

No gauge invariant regularization is available for the perturbative calculation of the standard model. One has to add finite counter terms to restore gauge symmetry for the renormalized amplitudes. The muon anomalous magnetic moment can be accurately measured but the experimental result does not entirely agree with the theoretical calculation from the standard model. This paper is to compute the contributions to the muon gyromagnetic ratio $g_{\\mu}$ due to the finite counter terms. The result obtained is found to be far from sufficient to explain the discrepancy between theory and experiment.

Tsai, Er-Cheng

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Magnetic dipole moment of 57,59Cu measured by in-gas-cell laser spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-gas-cell laser spectroscopy study of the 57,59,63,65Cu isotopes has been performed for the first time using the 244.164 nm optical transition from the atomic ground state of copper. The nuclear magnetic dipole moments for 57,59,65Cu relative to that of 63Cu have been extracted. The new value for 57Cu of mu(57Cu) = +2.582(7)mu_N is in strong disagreement with the previous literature value but in good agreement with recent theoretical and systematic predictions.

T. E. Cocolios; A. N. Andreyev; B. Bastin; N. Bree; J. Buscher; J. Elseviers; J. Gentens; M. Huyse; Yu. Kudryavtsev; D. Pauwels; T. Sonoda; P. Van den Bergh; P. Van Duppen

2009-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

84

Moment enhancement in dilute magnetic semiconductors: MnxSi1-x with x = 0.1%  

SciTech Connect

The experimentally determined magnetic moments/Mn, M, in Mn{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} are considered, with particular attention to the case with 5.0 {micro}{sub B}/Mn, obtained for x = 0.1%. The existing theoretical M values for neutral Mn range from 2.83 to 3.78 {micro}B/Mn. To understand the observed M = 5.0 {micro}{sub B}/Mn, we investigated Mn{sub x}Si{sub 1-x} for a series of Mn concentrations and defect configurations using a first-principles density functional method. We find a structure in which the moment is enhanced. It has 5.0 {micro}B/Mn, the Mn at a substitutional site, and a Si at a second-neighbor interstitial site in a large unit cell. Subsequent analysis shows that the observed large moment can be understood as a consequence of the weakened d-p hybridization resulting from the introduction of the second-neighbor interstitial Si and substantial isolation of the Mn-second-neighbor Si complex at such concentrations.

Shaughnessy, M; Fong, C Y; Snow, R; Liu, K; Pask, J E; Yang, L H

2009-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

85

Effect of Electric and Magnetic Fields on Spin Dynamics in the Resonant Electric Dipole Moment Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A buildup of the vertical polarization in the resonant electric dipole moment (EDM) experiment [Y. F. Orlov, W. M. Morse, and Y. K. Semertzidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 214802 (2006)] is affected by a horizontal electric field in the particle rest frame oscillating at a resonant frequency. This field is defined by the Lorentz transformation of an oscillating longitudinal electric field and a uniform vertical magnetic one. The effect of a longitudinal electric field is significant, while the contribution from a magnetic field caused by forced coherent longitudinal oscillations of particles is dominant. The effect of electric field on the spin dynamics was not taken into account in previous calculations. This effect is considerable and leads to decreasing the EDM effect for the deuteron and increasing it for the proton. The formula for resonance strengths in the EDM experiment has been derived. The spin dynamics has been calculated.

Alexander J. Silenko

2007-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

86

Magnetic moment of Ag104m and the hyperfine magnetic field of Ag in Fe using nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR/ON) measurements with ?- and ?-ray detection have been performed on oriented Ag104g,m nuclei with the NICOLE He3-He4 dilution refrigerator setup at ISOLDE/CERN. For Ag104g (I?=5+) the ?-NMR/ON resonance signal was found at ?=266.70(5) MHz. Combining this result with the known magnetic moment for this isotope, the magnetic hyperfine field of Ag impurities in an Fe host at low temperature (<1 K) is found to be |Bhf(AgFe)|=44.709(35) T. A detailed analysis of other relevant data available in the literature yields three more values for this hyperfine field. Averaging all four values yields a new and precise value for the hyperfine field of Ag in Fe; that is, |Bhf(AgFe)|=44.692(30) T. For Ag104m (I?=2+), the anisotropy of the ? particles provided the NMR/ON resonance signal at ?=627.7(4) MHz. Using the new value for the hyperfine field of Ag in Fe, this frequency corresponds to the magnetic moment ?(Ag104m)=+3.691(3) ?N, which is significantly more precise than previous results. The magnetic moments of the even-A Ag102-110 isotopes are discussed in view of the competition between the (?g9/2)7/2+-3(?d5/2?g7/2)5/2+ and the (?g9/2)9/2+-3(?d5/2?g7/2)5/2+ configurations. The magnetic moments of the ground and isomeric states of Ag104 can be explained by an almost complete mixing of these two configurations.

V. V. Golovko; I. S. Kraev; T. Phalet; B. Delauré; M. Beck; V. Yu. Kozlov; S. Coeck; F. Wauters; P. Herzog; Ch. Tramm; D. Zákoucký; D. Vénos; D. Srnka; M. Honusek; U. Köster; N. Severijns

2010-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

87

arXiv:cond-mat/0007297v118Jul2000 Permanent magnetic moment in mesoscopic metals with spin-orbit interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arXiv:cond-mat/0007297v118Jul2000 Permanent magnetic moment in mesoscopic metals with spin-orbit interaction and odd number of electrons will have a permanent magnetic moment, even in zero magnetic field an effective single-electron Hamiltonian which accounts for spin-orbit coupling. I. INTRODUCTION Permanent

Serota, Rostislav

88

Quantum interference from sums over closed paths for electrons on a three-dimensional lattice in a magnetic field: Total energy, magnetic moment, and orbital susceptibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it travels around a closed loop enclosing a net flux . Our lattice path integral calculation enables us paths in a cubic lattice, each one with its corresponding magnetic phase factor representing the net quantities: the magnetic moment M(B) and orbital susceptibility (B) at half filling, as well as the zero

Nori, Franco

89

The Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment in the Reduced Minimal 3-3-1 Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the muon anomalous magnetic moment $(g-2)_{\\mu}$ in the context of the reduced minimal 3-3-1 model recently proposed in the literature. In particular, its spectrum contains a doubly charged scalar ($H^{\\pm \\pm}$) and gauge boson ($U^{\\pm \\pm}$), new singly charged vectors ($V^{\\pm}$) and a $Z^{\\prime}$ boson, each of which might give a sizeable contribution to the $(g-2)_{\\mu}$. We compute the 1-loop contributions from all these new particles to the $(g-2)_{\\mu}$. We conclude that the doubly charged vector boson provides the dominant contribution, and by comparing our results with the experimental constraints we derive an expected value for the scale of $SU(3)_L\\otimes U(1)_N$ symmetry breaking $v_{\\chi} \\sim 2$ TeV. We also note that, if the discrepancy in the anomalous moment is resolved in the future without this model then the constraints will tighten to requiring $v_\\chi > 2.7$ TeV with current precision, and will entirely rule out the model if the expected precision is achieved by the future experiment at Fermilab.

Chris Kelso; P. R. D. Pinheiro; Farinaldo S. Queiroz; William Shepherd

2013-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

90

A nonperturbative calculation of the electron's magnetic moment with truncation extended to two photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Pauli--Villars (PV) regularization scheme is applied to a calculation of the dressed-electron state and its anomalous magnetic moment in light-front-quantized quantum electrodynamics (QED) in Feynman gauge. The regularization is provided by heavy, negative-metric fields added to the Lagrangian. The light-front QED Hamiltonian then leads to a well-defined eigenvalue problem for the dressed-electron state expressed as a Fock-state expansion. The Fock-state wave functions satisfy coupled integral equations that come from this eigenproblem. A finite system of equations is obtained by truncation to no more than two photons and no positrons; this extends earlier work that was limited to dressing by a single photon. Numerical techniques are applied to solve the coupled system and compute the anomalous moment, for which we obtain agreement with experiment, within numerical errors, but observe a small systematic discrepancy that should be due to the absence of electron-positron loops and of three-photon self-energy effects. We also discuss the prospects for application of the method to quantum chromodynamics.

S. S. Chabysheva; J. R. Hiller

2009-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

91

Making a Magnetic Moment in a Split Picosecond | Advanced Photon Source  

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Unpeeling Atoms and Molecules from the Inside Out Unpeeling Atoms and Molecules from the Inside Out Butterfly Wing Yields Clues to Light-Altering Structures Squeezing Information from Materials under Extreme Pressure Quick-Change Molecules Caught in the Act The Molecular Mechanics of Hearing and Deafness Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed Making a Magnetic Moment in a Split Picosecond JULY 1, 2010 Bookmark and Share Michel van Veenendaal (left) and Jun Chang in van Veenendaal's office at the APS, discussing figure 3 from their Physical Review Letters article, "Model of Ultrafast Intersystem Crossing in Photoexcited Transition-Metal Organic Compounds." A wide range of phenomena in nature and technology depend on changes that

92

Hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment reexamined  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We discuss the hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment a?lbl, paying particular attention to the consistent matching between the short- and the long-distance behavior of the light-by-light scattering amplitude. We argue that short-distance QCD imposes strong constraints on this amplitude overlooked in previous analyses. We find that accounting for these constraints leads to approximately 50% increase in the central value of a?lbl, compared to commonly accepted estimates (see, e.g., [M. Davier, S. Eidelman, A. Hocker, and Z. Zhang, Eur. Phys. J. C 31, 503 (2003).]). The hadronic light-by-light scattering contribution becomes a?lbl=136(25)×10-11, thereby shifting the standard model prediction closer to the experimental value.

Kirill Melnikov and Arkady Vainshtein

2004-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

93

Enhanced Sensitivities for the Searches of Neutrino Magnetic Moments through Atomic Ionization  

SciTech Connect

A new detection channel on atomic ionization for possible neutrino electromagnetic interactions is identified and studied. Significant sensitivity enhancement is demonstrated when the energy transfer to the target is of the atomic-transition scale. The interaction cross section induced by neutrino magnetic moments ({mu}{sub {nu}}) is evaluated with the equivalent photon method. A new limit of {mu}{sub {nu}}({nu}e)<1.3x10{sup -11}{mu}{sub B} at 90% confidence level is derived by using current reactor neutrino data. Potential reaches for future experiments are explored. Experiments with sub-keV sensitivities can probe {mu}{sub {nu}} to 10{sup -13}{mu}{sub B}. Positive observations of {mu}{sub {nu}} in this range would imply that neutrinos are Majorana particles.

Wong, Henry T.; Li, Hau-Bin; Lin, Shin-Ted [Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China)

2010-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

94

Electronic structures and magnetic moments of Co{sub 3}FeN thin films grown by molecular beam epitaxy  

SciTech Connect

We evaluated electronic structures and magnetic moments in Co{sub 3}FeN epitaxial films on SrTiO{sub 3}(001). The experimentally obtained hard x-ray photoemission spectra of the Co{sub 3}FeN film have a good agreement with those calculated. Site averaged spin magnetic moments deduced by x-ray magnetic circular dichroism were 1.52 ?{sub B} per Co atom and 2.08 ?{sub B} per Fe atom at 100 K. They are close to those of Co{sub 4}N and Fe{sub 4}N, respectively, implying that the Co and Fe atoms randomly occupy the corner and face-centered sites in the Co{sub 3}FeN unit cell.

Ito, Keita; Sanai, Tatsunori; Yasutomi, Yoko; Toko, Kaoru; Honda, Syuta; Suemasu, Takashi [Institute of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan)] [Institute of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); Zhu, Siyuan; Kimura, Akio [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Ueda, Shigenori [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)] [Synchrotron X-ray Station at SPring-8, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Takeda, Yukiharu; Saitoh, Yuji [Condensed Matter Science Division, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan)] [Condensed Matter Science Division, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo-cho, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Imai, Yoji [Institute of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan) [Institute of Applied Physics, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573 (Japan); National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba Central 5, 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565 (Japan)

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

95

Two-flavor QCD correction to lepton magnetic moments at leading-order in the electromagnetic coupling  

SciTech Connect

We present a reliable nonperturbative calculation of the QCD correction, at leading-order in the electromagnetic coupling, to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, muon and tau leptons using two-flavor lattice QCD. We use multiple lattice spacings, multiple volumes and a broad range of quark masses to control the continuum, infinite-volume and chiral limits. We examine the impact of the commonly ignored disconnected diagrams and introduce a modification to the previously used method that results in a well-controlled lattice calculation. We obtain 1.513 (43) 10^-12, 5.72 (16) 10^-8 and 2.650 (54) 10^-6 for the leading-order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, muon and tau respectively, each accurate to better than 3%.

Dru Renner, Xu Feng, Karl Jansen, Marcus Petschlies

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Sixth Moment of Dipolar-Broadened Magnetic-Resonance-Absorption Line Shapes in Crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Several recently developed theories of broad-line NMR presume the knowledge of the first several moments of the line shape. An exact expression for the sixth moment for the purely dipolar-broadened case is presented here. The result indicates that the sixth moment consists of one type of two-particle term, five types of three-particle terms, and nine types of four-particle terms, one of which has a vanishing coefficient. Most of the contribution comes from the four-particle terms.

E. T. Cheng and J. D. Memory

1972-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Observation of magnetic moments in the superconducting state of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.6}  

SciTech Connect

Neutron scattering measurements for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.6} have identified small magnetic moments that increase in strength as the temperature is reduced below T{sup *} and further increase below T{sub c}. An analysis of the data shows the moments are antiferromagnetic between the Cu-O planes with a correlation length of longer than 195 {angstrom} in the a-b plane and about 35 {angstrom} along the c axis. The origin of the moments is unknown, and their properties are discusssed both in terms of Cu spin magnetism and orbital bond currents.

Mook, H. A.; Dai, Pengcheng; Dogan, F.

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

The strange and charm quark contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new technique (published in Phys. Rev. D89 114501) to determine the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon coming from the hadronic vacuum polarisation using lattice QCD. Our method uses Pad\\'e approximants to reconstruct the Adler function from its derivatives at $q^2=0$. These are obtained simply and accurately from time-moments of the vector current-current correlator at zero spatial momentum. We test the method using strange quark correlators calculated on MILC Collaboration's $n_f = 2+1+1$ HISQ ensembles at multiple values of the lattice spacing, multiple volumes and multiple light sea quark masses (including physical pion mass configurations). We find the (connected) contribution to the anomalous moment from the strange quark vacuum polarisation to be $a^s_\\mu=53.41(59)\\times 10^{-10}$, and the contribution from charm quarks to be $a^c_\\mu=14.42(39)\\times 10^{-10}$ - 1% accuracy is achieved for the strange quark contribution. The extension of our method to the light quar...

Koponen, Jonna; Davies, Christine T H; Donald, Gordon; Dowdall, Rachel; de Oliveira, Pedro Goncalves; Lepage, G Peter; Teubner, Thomas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The strange and charm quark contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new technique (published in Phys. Rev. D89 114501) to determine the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon coming from the hadronic vacuum polarisation using lattice QCD. Our method uses Pad\\'e approximants to reconstruct the Adler function from its derivatives at $q^2=0$. These are obtained simply and accurately from time-moments of the vector current-current correlator at zero spatial momentum. We test the method using strange quark correlators calculated on MILC Collaboration's $n_f = 2+1+1$ HISQ ensembles at multiple values of the lattice spacing, multiple volumes and multiple light sea quark masses (including physical pion mass configurations). We find the (connected) contribution to the anomalous moment from the strange quark vacuum polarisation to be $a^s_\\mu=53.41(59)\\times 10^{-10}$, and the contribution from charm quarks to be $a^c_\\mu=14.42(39)\\times 10^{-10}$ - 1% accuracy is achieved for the strange quark contribution. The extension of our method to the light quark contribution and to that from the quark-line disconnected diagram is straightforward.

Jonna Koponen; Bipasha Chakraborty; Christine T. H. Davies; Gordon Donald; Rachel Dowdall; Pedro Goncalves de Oliveira; G. Peter Lepage; Thomas Teubner

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

100

Two-Body Nuclear Interaction, consistent, within the Limits of a Single Configuration, with the Spin and Magnetic Moment of the Ground-States of Lithium-6, Boron-10 and Lithium-7  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... within this small range), one obtains, also, agreement with the magnetic moments of boron-10 and lithium-7, again neglecting the contribution to these moments due to M12. It ...

J. P. ELLIOTT; H. A. JAHN

1951-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

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101

Search of Neutrino Magnetic Moments with a High-Purity Germanium Detector at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search of neutrino magnetic moments was carried out at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Station at a distance of 28 m from the 2.9 GW reactor core. With a high purity germanium detector of mass 1.06 kg surrounded by scintillating NaI(Tl) and CsI(Tl) crystals as anti-Compton detectors, a detection threshold of 5 keV and a background level of 1 $\\cpd$ near threshold were achieved. Details of the reactor neutrino source, experimental hardware, background understanding and analysis methods are presented. Based on 570.7 and 127.8 days of Reactor ON and OFF data, respectively, at an average Reactor ON electron anti-neutrino flux of $\\rm{6.4 \\times 10^{12} cm^{-2} s^{-1}}$, the limit on the neutrino magnetic moments of $\\rm{\\munuebar < 7.4 \\times 10^{-11} \\mub}$ at 90% confidence level was derived. Indirect bounds on the $\

H. T. Wong; TEXONO Collaboration

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Model calculation of anisotropic charge and magnetic moment distribution on a Ni(001) surface  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Anisotropies in the electronic charge and moment distribution on a (001) surface of Ni are influenced by the kinetic and Coulomb energies as well as by exchange and correlations. By using a simple model Hamiltonian the various contributions are analyzed. In particular we consider the effects of nonlocal exchange and correlation energies on the anisotropies. When we simulate a local exchange and correlation approximation, we find a decrease in the surface anisotropies (e.g., a moment in the 3z2-r2 orbital). The accompanying relative energy changes are very small, i.e., of the order of 10-4. The same holds true for anisotropies in the exchange splittings. A comparison is attempted between the results of the present model and recent ab initio calculations for the Ni surface in which the local-spin-density approximation is applied.

A. M. Oles and P. Fulde

1984-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

103

Investigation Of The Magnetic Dipole Moments Of The I{pi}K = 1+1 States In The Even-Even Deformed Nuclei  

SciTech Connect

This study focuses on the investigation of the magnetic dipole moments of the excited I{pi}K = 1+1 states in the even-even deformed nuclei in the framework of the Quasi-particle Random Phase Approximation (QRPA). An analytic expression for the magnetic dipole moments of the states known to be generated by the isovector spin-spin forces is obtained. Using this analytic expression, the magnetic moments of the low-lying 1+ states for the 148,150Ce and 150,152Nd isotopes are also calculated numerically in the spectroscopic energy region. Furthermore, the reduced transition probabilities B(M1) and the lifetimes for each 1+ state are given.

Yakut, Hakan; Kuliev, Ali; Bektasoglu, Mehmet [Sakarya University, Department of Physics, Sakarya (Turkey); Guliyev, Ekber [Institute of Physics, National Academy of Sciences, Baku (Azerbaijan)

2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

104

Magnetic moments of the low-lying $J^P=\\,1/2^-$, $3/2^-$ $?$ resonances within the framework of the chiral quark model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magnetic moments of the low-lying spin-parity $J^P=$ $1/2^-$, $3/2^-$ $\\Lambda$ resonances, like, for example, $\\Lambda(1405)$ $1/2^-$, $\\Lambda(1520)$ $3/2^-$, as well as their transition magnetic moments, are calculated using the chiral quark model. The results found are compared with those obtained from the nonrelativistic quark model and those of unitary chiral theories, where some of these states are generated through the dynamics of two hadron coupled channels and their unitarization.

A. Martínez Torres; K. P. Khemchandani; Neetika Sharma; Harleen Dahiya

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

105

CrRb: A molecule with large magnetic and electric dipole moments  

SciTech Connect

We report calculations of Born-Oppenheimer potential energy curves of the chromium-rubidium heteronuclear molecule ({sup 52}Cr{sup 87}Rb), and the long-range dispersion coefficient for the interaction between ground state Cr and Rb atoms. Our calculated van der Waals coefficient (C{sub 6}=1770 a.u.) has an expected error of 3%. The ground state {sup 6{Sigma}+} molecule at its equilibrium separation has a permanent electric dipole moment of d{sub e}(R{sub e}=3.34Angstrom)=2.90 D. We investigate the hyperfine and dipolar collisions between trapped Cr and Rb atoms, finding elastic to inelastic cross section ratio of 10{sup 2}-10{sup 3}.

Pavlovic, Z. [ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States); Sadeghpour, H. R. [ITAMP, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138 (United States); Cote, R. [Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269-3046 (United States); Roos, B. O. [Department of Theoretical Chemistry, University of Lund, S-221 00 Lund (Sweden)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

106

Temperature-dependent magnetic Compton scattering study of spin moments in Ce(Fe0.94Ru0.06)2  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the study of spin moments in Ce(Fe0.94Ru0.06)2 using magnetic Compton scattering. The measurements on polycrystalline sample were carried out at SPring-8, Japan with 175 keV elliptically polarized synchrotron radiation at 70, 90, 120, 150, and 190 K in 2 T field. The temperature variation of the magnetic effect exhibits clearly the double magnetic transition, i.e., from antiferromagnetic to ferromagnetic and ferromagnetic to paramagnetic transition in agreement with the resistivity and magnetization studies on this material. A comparison of temperature-dependent spin moments in the present sample with Ce(Fe0.96Ru0.04)2 shows interesting features of spin momentum density.

B. K. Sharma; V. Purvia; B. L. Ahuja; M. Sharma; P. Chaddah; S. B. Roy; Y. Kakutani; A. Koizumi; T. Nagao; A. Omura; T. Kawai; N. Sakai

2005-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

107

Impact of fluorine based reactive chemistry on structure and properties of high moment magnetic material  

SciTech Connect

The impact of the fluorine-based reactive ion etch (RIE) process on the structural, electrical, and magnetic properties of NiFe and CoNiFe-plated materials was investigated. Several techniques, including X-ray fluorescence, 4-point-probe, BH looper, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS), were utilized to characterize both bulk film properties such as thickness, average composition, Rs, ?, Bs, Ms, and surface magnetic “dead” layers' properties such as thickness and element concentration. Experimental data showed that the majority of Rs and Bs changes of these bulk films were due to thickness reduction during exposure to the RIE process. ? and Ms change after taking thickness reduction into account were negligible. The composition of the bulk films, which were not sensitive to surface magnetic dead layers with nano-meter scale, showed minimum change as well. It was found by TEM and EELS analysis that although both before and after RIE there were magnetic dead layers on the top surface of these materials, the thickness and element concentration of the layers were quite different. Prior to RIE, dead layer was actually native oxidation layers (about 2?nm thick), while after RIE dead layer consisted of two sub-layers that were about 6?nm thick in total. Sub-layer on the top was native oxidation layer, while the bottom layer was RIE “damaged” layer with very high fluorine concentration. Two in-situ RIE approaches were also proposed and tested to remove such damaged sub-layers.

Yang, Xiaoyu, E-mail: xiaoyu.yang@wdc.com; Chen, Lifan; Han, Hongmei; Fu, Lianfeng; Sun, Ming; Liu, Feng; Zhang, Jinqiu [Western Digital Corporation, 44100 Osgood Road, Fremont, California 94539 (United States)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

108

Calculation of the expectation values of the spin and the magnetic moment of the gamma photons created as a result of the electron-positron annihilation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have calculated the expectation values of the spin and the intrinsic magnetic moment of the gamma photons created as a result of the electron-positron annihilation. We show that, depending on its helicity a gamma photon propagating in z direction with an angular frequency carries a magnetic moment of along the propagation direction. Here the (+) and (-) signs stand for the right hand and left circular helicity respectively. We also show that whatever the helicity is, the spin of each gamma photon is equal to zero (but not !). We argue that in a Stern-Gerlach experiment (SGE) the magnetic moment is an important property but not the spin of the particles. Because of these two symmetric values of the magnetic moment, we expect a splitting of the gamma photon beam into two symmetric subbeams in a (SGE). We believe that the present result will be helpful for understanding the recent attempts on the (SGE) with slow light and the behavior of the dark polaritons and also the atomic spinor polaritons.

Mesude Saglam; Ziya Saglam

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

109

Magnetic anomaly lineations from Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous in the west-central Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......lineations of the world's ocean basins, , AAPG Map Series, Am. Ass...Geophysics of the Pacific Ocean Basin and Its Margin, Geophysical...the existence of a magnetic bight younger than M5, because corresponding...Phoenix lineation set (Nauru Basin), the eastern part of the......

Masao Nakanishi; Kensaku Tamaki; Kazuo Kobayashi

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

A Palaeomagnetic Pole from Late Cretaceous Marine Magnetic Anomalies in the Pacific  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the Central Pacific Basin, Earth Planet...Oceanology II: the Australian-New Zealand sector...limbs of the magnetic bight in the North-east...declination define a semi-great circle of possible...South-westPacific Basin (SW-1, SW-2...Oceanology IZ: the Australian-New Zealand sector......

Steven C. Cande

1976-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Evaluation of the energy states of hydrogen atom using Schroedinger equation with a Coulomb potential modified by the interaction between the magnetic moments of the proton and electron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we have performed the calculus of the energy states of hydrogen atom by using the Schroedinger equation with a Coulomb potential which is modified by the interaction between the magnetic moments of the proton and the electron, respectively. The important result is that the Lamb shift appears as a natural result of the solution of Schroedinger equation. The obtained results are in a good agreement with experimental data.

Voicu Dolocan

2014-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

112

The strange and charm quark contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment (g -2) of the muon from current-current correlators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new technique (presented in arXiv:1403.1778) to determine the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment (g-2) of the muon coming from the hadronic vacuum polarisation using lattice QCD. Our method uses Pad\\'{e} approximants to reconstruct the Adler function from its derivatives at $q^2=0$. These are obtained simply and accurately from time-moments of the vector current-current correlator at zero spatial momentum. We test the method using strange quark correlators calculated on MILC Collaboration's $n_f$ = 2+1+1 HISQ ensembles at multiple values of the lattice spacing, multiple volumes and multiple light sea quark masses (including physical pion mass configurations).

Chakraborty, Bipasha; Donald, Gordon; Dowdall, Rachel; de Oliveira, Pedro Gonçalves; Koponen, Jonna; Lepage, G Peter; Teubner, T

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

The strange and charm quark contributions to the anomalous magnetic moment (g -2) of the muon from current-current correlators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new technique (presented in arXiv:1403.1778) to determine the contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment (g-2) of the muon coming from the hadronic vacuum polarisation using lattice QCD. Our method uses Pad\\'{e} approximants to reconstruct the Adler function from its derivatives at $q^2=0$. These are obtained simply and accurately from time-moments of the vector current-current correlator at zero spatial momentum. We test the method using strange quark correlators calculated on MILC Collaboration's $n_f$ = 2+1+1 HISQ ensembles at multiple values of the lattice spacing, multiple volumes and multiple light sea quark masses (including physical pion mass configurations).

Bipasha Chakraborty; Christine Davies; Gordon Donald; Rachel Dowdall; Pedro Gonçalves de Oliveira; Jonna Koponen; G. Peter Lepage; T. Teubner

2014-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

114

Use of relativistic hadronic mechanics for the exact representation of nuclear magnetic moments and the prediction of new recycling of nuclear waste  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new realization of relativistic hadronic me- chanics and its underlying iso-Poincar'e symmetry specifically constructed for nuclear physics which: 1) permits the representation of nucleons as ex- tended, nonspherical and deformable charge distributions with alterable mag- netic moments yet conventional angular momentum and spin; 2) results to be a nonunitary ``completion'' of relativistic quantum mechanics much along the EPR argument; yet 3) is axiom-preserving, thus preserves conventional quantum laws and the axioms of the special relativity. We show that the proposed new formalism permits the apparently first exact representation of the total magnetic moments of new-body nuclei under conventional physical laws. We then point out that, if experimentally confirmed the alterability of the intrinsic characteristics of nucleons would imply new forms of recycling nuclear waste by the nuclear power plants in their own site, thus avoiding its transportation and storage in a (yet unidentified) dumping area. A number of possible, additional basic advances are also indicated, such as: new un- derstanding of nuclear forces with nowel nonlinear, nonlocal and nonunitary terms due to mutual penetrations of the hyperdense nucleons; consequential new models of nuclear structures; new magnetic confinement of the controlled fusion taking into account the possible alterability of the intrinsic magnetic moments of nucleons at the initiation of the fusion process; new sources of en- ergy based on subnuclear processes; and other possible advances. The paper ends with the proposal of three experiments, all essential for the continuation of scientific studies and all of basic character, relatively moderate cost and full feasibility in any nuclear physical laboratory.

Ruggero Maria Santilli

1997-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

115

Leading-order hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from N_f=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions  

SciTech Connect

We present results for the leading order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon including the first two generations of quarks as dynamical degrees of freedom. Several light quark masses are examined in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We analyse ensembles for three different lattice spacings and several volumes in order to investigate lattice artefacts and finite-size effects, respectively. We also provide preliminary results for this quantity for two flavours of mass-degenerate quarks at the physical value of the pion mass.

Burger, Florian [Humboldt U. Berlin; Feng, Xu [KEK; Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt U. Berlin; Jansen, Karl [DESY; Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute; Renner, Dru B. [JLAB

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Leading-order hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from N_f=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results for the leading order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon including the first two generations of quarks as dynamical degrees of freedom. Several light quark masses are examined in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We analyse ensembles for three different lattice spacings and several volumes in order to investigate lattice artefacts and finite-size effects, respectively. We also provide preliminary results for this quantity for two flavours of mass-degenerate quarks at the physical value of the pion mass.

Florian Burger; Xu Feng; Grit Hotzel; Karl Jansen; Marcus Petschlies; Dru B. Renner

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

117

SU(3) Polyakov Linear $\\sigma$-Model in Magnetic Field: Thermodynamics, Higher-Order Moments, Chiral Phase Structure and Meson Masses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effects of external magnetic field on various properties of the quantum chromodynamics under extreme conditions of temperature and density have been analysed. To this end, we use SU(3) Polyakov linear sigma-model and assume that the external magnetic field eB adds some restrictions to the quarks energy due to the existence of free charges in the plasma phase. In doing this, we apply the Landau theory of quantization. This requires an additional temperature to drive the system through the chiral phase-transition. Accordingly, the dependence of the critical temperature of chiral and confinement phase-transitions on the magnetic field is characterized. Based on this, we have studied the thermal evolution of thermodynamic quantities and the first four higher-order moment of particle multiplicity. Having all these calculations, we have studied the effects of magnetic field on chiral phase-transition. We found that both critical temperature T_c and critical chemical potential increase with increasing the magnetic f...

Tawfik, Abdel Nasser

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

The intermediate-wavelength magnetic anomaly maps of the North Atlantic Ocean derived from satellite and shipborne data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the data and from the magnetic effect of the ship; and non-lithospheric magnetic...We also examine the magnetic effect of the ship (Bullard & Mason 1961).The...data base and the rms of the ship effect is found to be about 5 nT, not......

Jafar Arkani-Hamed; Jacob Verhoef; Walter Roest; Ron Macnab

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Anomalous peak at low fields in the magnetization versus temperature curve in bulk ceramic high-temperature superconductors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When a bulk ceramic high-temperature superconductor is cooled in a small field and the magnetic moment of the sample is measured as the sample is warmed, an anomalous peak in the magnetic moment is observed. This peak can be as high as 50% of the low-temperature moment for fields less than 1 Oe, but it rapidly decreases as the magnetic field increases. We show that this anomaly is due to the interrelationship between flux trapping by intergranular weak links and the irreversible flux trapping properties of the superconducting grains as recently described by Hao and Clem.

J. P. Wang and W. C. H. Joiner

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Planetary and Space Science 56 (2008) 941946 Density cavity observed over a strong lunar crustal magnetic anomaly in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of solar wind interaction with lunar crustal magnetic fields found increased particle fluxes associated wind, and compare these unique observations with typical orbits in the solar wind and wake. We observed in the wake cavity and a reduction in the magnetic field in the surrounding expansion region (Colburn et al

California at Berkeley, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

A Maastrichtian palaeomagnetic pole for the Pacific plate from a skewness analysis of marine magnetic anomaly 32  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Figure 2. Map of the Pacific basin showing the locations of crossings...south of the Great Magnetic Bight but north of the Surveyor fracture...zone and NE of the magnetic bight separating seafloor created...oceanic plates of the Pacific basin, J. geophys. Res., 89......

Katerina E. Petronotis; Richard G. Gordon

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

A 57 Ma Pacific plate palaeomagnetic pole determined from a skewness analysis of crossings of marine magnetic anomaly 25r  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Figure 2. Map of the Pacific basin showing locations of crossings...Figure 2. (Confinued.) Bight (Fig. 2b). The Pacific-Kula...south of the Great Magnetic Bight and north of the Molokai fracture...south of the Great Magnetic Bight and north of the Surveyor fracture......

Katerina E. Petronotis; Richard G. Gordon; Gary D. Acton

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Future Muon Dipole Moment Measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the famous experiments of Stern and Gerlach to the present, measurements of magnetic dipole moments, and searches for electric dipole moments of ``elementary'' particles have played a major role in our understanding of sub-atomic physics. In this talk I discuss the progress on measurements and theory of the magnetic dipole moment of the muon. I also discuss a new proposal to search for a permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of the muon and put it into the more general context of other EDM searches. These experiments, along with searches for the lepton flavor violating decays $\\mu \\to e \\gamma$ and $\\mu^- + A \\to e^- + A$, provide a path to the high-energy frontier through precision measurements.

B. Lee Roberts

2004-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

124

Earliest sea-floor spreading magnetic anomalies in the north Arabian Sea and the ocean-continent transition  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......that the Mascarene Plateau fits into the bight of the conjugate Indian continental margin...traplate deformation in the Central Indian Basin to Chron 26 and we have extrapolated this...26. Magnetic lineations in the Arabian Basin are based on profiles published here and......

Peter R. Miles; Walter R. Roest

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

An Atlas of K-line Spectra for Cool Magnetic CP Stars: The Wing-Nib Anomaly (WNA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a short atlas illustrating the unusual Ca {\\sc ii} K-line profiles in upper main sequence stars with anomalous abundances. Slopes of the profiles for 10 cool, magnetic chemically peculiar (CP) stars change abruptly at the very core, forming a deep "nib." The nibs show the same or nearly the same radial velocity as the other atomic lines. The near wings are generally more shallow than in normal stars. In three magnetic CP stars, the K-lines are too weak to show this shape, though the nibs themselves are arguably present. The Ca {\\sc ii} H-lines also show deep nibs, but the profiles are complicated by the nearby, strong H$\\epsilon$ absorption. The K-line structure is nearly unchanged with phase in $\\beta$ CrB and $\\alpha$ Cir. Calculations, including NLTE, show that other possibilities in addition to chemical stratification may yield nib-like cores.

C. R. Cowley; S. Hubrig; I. Kamp

2005-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

126

Anomaly-induced charges in baryons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that quantum chiral anomaly of QCD in magnetic backgrounds induces a novel structure of electric charge inside baryons. To illustrate the anomaly effect, we employ the Skyrme model for baryons, with the anomaly-induced gauged Wess-Zumino term (\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) E_i B_i. Due to this term, the Skyrmions giving a local pion condensation ((\\pi_0 + (multi-pion)) \

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

127

Anomalies in Ultra-High-Field Magnetic Superconductors (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S8  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Resistive behavior of three series of Chevrel phase, (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S7, (Eu1-xSnx)Mo6S6.75 and (Eu1-xSnx)0.9Mo6S6.75, is studied in magnetic fields up to 90 kOe at temperatures down to 50 mK. Compounds with x>0.4 are usual ultra-high-field superconductors, while (Eu0.9Sn0.1)0.9Mo6S6.75 is a simple magnetic superconductor. Resistive behavior of the compounds between the above mentioned two sides is complicated, varying with the composition. For example, in (Eu0.8Sn0.2)Mo6S7 the resistance at high fields keeps roughly constant and the temperature dependence of Hc2 defined as a half of the resistance in the normal state is quite different with that defined at the appearance of the resistance. In (Eu0.85Sn0.15)Mo6S7 the superconductivity (=zero resistance) seems to reappear at high fields and at low temperatures.

Masahiro Isino; Norio Kobayashi; Yoshio Muto

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Linear electric field frequency shift (important for next generation electric dipole moment searches) induced in confined gases by a magnetic field gradient  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The search for particle electric dipole moments (edm) represents a most promising way to search for physics beyond the standard model. A number of groups are planning a new generation of experiments using stored gases of various kinds. In order to achieve the target sensitivities it will be necessary to deal with the systematic error resulting from the interaction of the well-known $\\overrightarrow{v}\\times \\overrightarrow{E}$ field with magnetic field gradients (often referred to as the geometric phase effect (Commins, ED; Am. J. Phys. \\QTR{bf}{59}, 1077 (1991), Pendlebury, JM \\QTR{em}{et al;} Phys. Rev. \\QTR{bf}{A70}, 032102 (2004)). This interaction produces a frequency shift linear in the electric field, mimicking an edm. In this work we introduce an analytic form for the velocity auto-correlation function which determines the velocity-position correlation function which in turn determines the behavior of the frequency shift (Lamoreaux, SK and Golub, R; Phys. Rev \\QTR{bf}{A71}, 032104 (2005)) and show how it depends on the operating conditions of the experiment. We also discuss some additional issues.

Authors A. L. Barabanov; R. Golub; S. K. Lamoreaux

2006-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

129

Anomalies in conservation laws in quantum mechanics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been pointed out that a simple quantum-mechanical system, involving a charged particle moving in a uniform magnetic field, can exhibit what looks like an anomaly. This note analyzes the problem, and shows that in such cases the anomaly is (in some sense) already present at the classical level.

R. S. Ward

1987-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Magnetic moment of atomic lithium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bound-state relativistic contributions to the gJ factor of ground-state atomic lithium are calculated and compared with the experimental value gJ(Li)ge=1-(8.9±0.4)×10-6, where ge is the free-electron g factor. This comparison is taken as the basis for judging the accuracy of several different Li wave functions taken from the literature. Most of these wave functions give agreement with the experimental value within the experimental uncertainty. A more precise experimental measurement would be desirable in order to provide a more stringent test. A wave function of the restricted Hartree-Fock type, however, leads to a value which is in disagreement with the experimental value. This is attributed to the inability of the restricted Hartree-Fock function to account for the exchange polarization of the 1s2 core electrons; the latter are found to contribute about -1.2 × 10-6 to gJ(Li)ge, or about 13% of the total relativistic correction. In addition to the dominant relativistic corrections of order ?2, radiative corrections (order ?3), and nuclear-mass corrections (order ?2mM) are also calculated. An isotopic shift gJ(Li6)gJ(Li7)=1+3.0×10-11 is predicted. The experimental measurements for Li are not yet precise enough to test these higher-order corrections.

Roger A. Hegstrom

1975-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Axions and Anomaly-Mediated Interactions: The Green-Schwarz and Wess-Zumino Vertices at Higher Orders and g-2 of the muon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the mechanism of anomaly cancellation using only transverse invariant amplitudes on anomaly diagrams at higher perturbative orders. The method is the realization of the Green-Schwarz (GS) mechanism at field theory level, which restores the Ward identities by a subtraction of the anomaly pole. Some of the properties of the GS vertex are analyzed both in the context of unitarity and of the organization of the related perturbative expansion. We investigate the role played by the GS and the Wess-Zumino vertices in the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon and in the hyperfine splitting of muonium, which are processes that can be accompanied by the exchange of a virtual anomalous extra Z-prime and an axion-like particle.

Roberta Armillis; Claudio Coriano'; Marco Guzzi; Simone Morelli

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

132

Growth, Structure, and Magnetic Properties of CuFeTe{sub 2} Single Crystals  

SciTech Connect

CuFeTe{sub 2} single crystals were grown and the temperature dependence of their magnetic susceptibility in the temperature range 1.8-400 K was investigated. It is found that the magnetic susceptibility shows anomalies at temperatures T{sub s} = 65 and T{sub N} = 125 K. At T > 125 K, the crystal is in the paramagnetic state controlled by Fe{sup 2+} and Cu{sup 2+} ions with an effective magnetic moment of 1.44 {mu}B.

Dzhabbarov, A.I.; Orudzhev, S.K.; Guseinov, G.G.; Gakhramanov, N.F. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, pr. Dzhavida 33, Baku, 370143 (Azerbaijan)

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Moments of Absorption.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Moments of Absorption explores the conceptual and visual themes that are presented in my MFA thesis exhibition. The research looks into the absorption of the… (more)

Kaufman, Sarah K.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Planetary science: Venusian hot flow anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... on 22 March 2008, a space-weather event known as a hot flow anomaly (HFA). Such events occur when electric fields associated with the Sun's solar wind create ... the planet lacks a magnetic field, meaning that the bow shock, and so the HFA, would be much closer in. ...

2012-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

135

Nuclear anapole moments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear anapole moments are parity-odd, time-reversal-even E1 moments of the electromagnetic current operator. Although the existence of this moment was recognized theoretically soon after the discovery of parity nonconservation (PNC), its experimental isolation was achieved only recently, when a new level of precision was reached in a measurement of the hyperfine dependence of atomic PNC in 133Cs. An important anapole moment bound in 205Tl also exists. In this paper, we present the details of the first calculation of these anapole moments in the framework commonly used in other studies of hadronic PNC, a meson-exchange potential that includes long-range pion exchange and enough degrees of freedom to describe the five independent S-P amplitudes induced by short-range interactions. The resulting contributions of ?, ?, and ? exchange to the single-nucleon anapole moment, to parity admixtures in the nuclear ground state, and to PNC exchange currents are evaluated, using configuration-mixed shell-model wave functions. The experimental anapole moment constraints on the PNC meson-nucleon coupling constants are derived and compared with those from other tests of the hadronic weak interaction. While the bounds obtained from the anapole moment results are consistent with the broad “reasonable ranges” defined by theory, they are not in good agreement with the constraints from the other experiments. We explore possible explanations for the discrepancy and comment on the potential importance of new experiments.

W. C. Haxton; C.-P. Liu; M. J. Ramsey-Musolf

2002-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

136

E-Print Network 3.0 - acquired pseudo-pelger-hut anomaly Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

site in ultramafic environment Summary: A positive magnetic anomaly at Rainbow hydrothermal site in ultramafic environment Jrme DYMENT1... substratum present a...

137

The Nuclear Moments of Se79  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microwave measurements of the J=2?3 rotational transition of OCSe containing the radioactive-nucleus Se79 have established the Se79 spin as 72 and the Se79 quadrupole moment as 0.7×10-24 cm2±20 percent. The quadrupole coupling constant eqQ is 752.09±0.05 Mc/sec. The magnetic moment of Se79 has been determined as -1.015±0.015 nuclear magnetons by observation of the Zeeman splitting of one hyperfine component. The 72 spin and the large positive Q are inconsistent with the single-particle nuclear-shell model, but suggest the configuration (g92)272. This assignment is substantiated by the negative magnetic moment.Measurement of isotopic shifts gives a value for the Se79 mass, and an odd-even mass difference of 2.4 millimass units for this nucleus.

W. A. Hardy; G. Silvey; C. H. Townes; B. F. Burke; M. W. P. Strandberg; George W. Parker; Victor W. Cohen

1953-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Electric Dipole Moments of Dyon and `Electron'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric and magnetic dipole moments of dyon fermions are calculated within N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory including the theta-term. It is found, in particular, that the gyroelectric ratio deviates from the canonical value of 2 for the monopole fermion (n_m=1,n_e=0) in the case theta\

Makoto Kobayashi; Taichiro Kugo; Tatsuya Tokunaga

2008-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

139

Tracing the geometry around a massive, axisymmetric body to measure, through gravitational waves, its mass moments and electromagnetic moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The geometry around a rotating massive body, which carries charge and electrical currents, could be described by its multipole moments (mass moments, mass-current moments, electric moments, and magnetic moments). When a small body is orbiting this massive body, it will move on geodesics, at least for a time interval that is short with respect to the characteristic time of the binary due to gravitational radiation. By monitoring the waves emitted by the small body we are actually tracing the geometry of the central object, and hence, in principle, we can infer all its multipole moments. This paper is a generalization of previous similar results by Ryan. The fact that the electromagnetic moments of spacetime can be measured demonstrates that one can obtain information about the electromagnetic field purely from gravitational wave analysis. Additionally, these measurements could be used as a test of the no-hair theorem for black holes.

T. P. Sotiriou; T. A. Apostolatos

2004-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

140

Hydrodynamics with Triangle Anomalies  

SciTech Connect

We consider the hydrodynamic regime of theories with quantum anomalies for global currents. We show that a hitherto discarded term in the conserved current is not only allowed by symmetries, but is in fact required by triangle anomalies and the second law of thermodynamics. This term leads to a number of new effects, one of which is chiral separation in a rotating fluid at nonzero chemical potential. The new kinetic coefficients can be expressed, in a unique fashion, through the anomaly coefficients and the equation of state. We briefly discuss the relevance of this new hydrodynamic term for physical situations, including heavy-ion collisions.

Son, Dam T. [Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1550 (United States); Surowka, Piotr [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States); Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, 30-059 Krakow (Poland)

2009-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Experimental evidence for lamellar magnetism in hemo-ilmenite by polarized neutron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Large local anomalies in the Earth's magnetic field have been observed in Norway, Sweden, and Canada. These anomalies have been attributed to the unusual magnetic properties of naturally occurring hemo-ilmenite, consisting of a paramagnetic ilmenite host (?-Fe2O3-bearing FeTiO3) with exsolution lamellae (?3?m thick) of canted antiferromagnetic hematite (FeTiO3-bearing ?-Fe2O3) and the mutual exsolutions of the same phases on the micron to nanometer scale. The origin of stable natural remanent magnetization (NRM) in this system has been proposed to be uncompensated magnetic moments in the contact layers between the exsolution lamellae. This lamellar magnetism hypothesis is tested here by using polarized neutron diffraction to measure the orientation of hematite spins as a function of an applied magnetic field in a natural single crystal of hemo-ilmenite from South Rogaland, Norway. Polarized neutron diffraction clearly shows that the ilmenite spins do not contribute to the NRM and that hematite spins account for the full magnetization at ambient temperature. Hematite sublattice spins are shown to adopt an average angle of 56? with respect to a saturating magnetic field, which is intermediate between the angle of 90? predicted for a pure canted moment and the angle of 0? predicted for a pure lamellar moment. The observed NRM is consistent with the vector sum of lamellar magnetism and canted antiferromagnetic contributions. The relative importance of the two contributions varies with the length scale of the microstructure, with the lamellar contribution increasing when exsolution occurs predominantly at the nanometer rather than the micrometer scale.

Erik Brok; Morten Sales; Kim Lefmann; Luise Theil Kuhn; Wolfgang F. Schmidt; Bertrand Roessli; Peter Robinson; Suzanne A. McEnroe; Richard J. Harrison

2014-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

142

Microscopic magnetic properties of an oxygen-doped Tb-Fe thin film by magnetic Compton scattering  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic Compton scattering of a Tb{sub 32}Fe{sub 55}O{sub 13} film was measured in order to investigate the microscopic magnetization processes (i.e., the spin moment, orbital moment, and element specific moments). The trend of the spin magnetic moment was the same as that of the total magnetic moment but opposite to the orbital magnetic moment. In the low magnetic field region, the magnetic moments were not perfectly aligned perpendicular to the film surface, and the perpendicular components were found to mainly arise from the magnetic moment of Tb. Oxygen atoms hinder long range magnetic interaction and hence also affect the magnetization process of the magnetic moments of Tb and Fe.

Agui, Akane, E-mail: agui@spring8.or.jp [Quantum Beam Science Directorate, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, SPring-8, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148 (Japan); Unno, Tomoya; Matsumoto, Sayaka; Suzuki, Kousuke; Sakurai, Hiroshi [Department of Production Science and Technology, Gunma University, Ota, Gunma 373-0057 (Japan); Koizumi, Akihisa [Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan)

2013-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

143

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historically, magnetism is related to rock magnetism, due to a few minerals exhibiting spontaneous magnetization. Attractive properties of magnetite were already known in Antiquity and were used for navigation...

Guillaume Morin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE Colloqzte C I, supplkmenf au no 2-3, Tome 32, Fe'vrier-Mars 1971, page C 1 -1141 MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE << LOW MOMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compose de I'Er ont montrk que le Co ne porte pas de moment et que I'ion tripositif terre rare prend un

Boyer, Edmond

145

magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

magnetism [A class of physical phenomena associated with moving electricity, including the mutual mechanical forces among magnets and electric currents] ? Magnetismus m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 290291 (2005) 836838 Dynamic response limits of an elastic magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the elastomagnetic coupling but also on the interaction among the microparticles magnetic moments depending as for possible applications [1,2]. When the magnetic particles are permanently magnetized and the matrix material. Bar shaped samples have been produced with the permanent magnetic moments preferentially oriented

Franzese, Giancarlo

147

Ferromagnetic neutron stars: axial anomaly, dense neutron matter, and pionic wall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that a chiral nonlinear sigma model coupled to degenerate neutrons exhibits a ferromagnetic phase at high density. The magnetization is due to the axial anomaly acting on the parallel layers of neutral pion domain walls spontaneously formed at high density. The emergent magnetic field would reach the QCD scale ~ 10^19 [G], which suggests that the quantum anomaly can be a microscopic origin of the magnetars (highly magnetized neutron stars).

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Tetsuo Hatsuda

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

148

Anomaly for Model Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A simple algorithm to calculate the group theory factor entering in anomalies at four and six dimensions for SU(N) and SO(N) groups in terms of the Casimir invariants of their subgroups is presented. Explicit examples of some of the lower dimensional representations of $SU(n), n \\leq 5$ and SO(10) groups are presented, which could be used for model building in four and six dimensions.

Utpal Sarkar

2006-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

149

Electric Dipole Moments of Neutron-Odd Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric dipole moments (EDMs) of neutron-odd nuclei with even protons are systematically evaluated. We first derive the relation between the EDM and the magnetic moment operators by making use of the core polarization scheme. This relation enables us to calculate the EDM of neutron-odd nuclei without any free parameters. From this calculation, one may find the best atomic system suitable for future EDM experiments.

Takehisa Fujita; Sachiko Oshima

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

150

Electron Capture and Scaling Anomaly in Polar Molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new analysis of the electron capture mechanism in polar molecules, based on von Neumann's theory of self-adjoint extensions. Our analysis suggests that it is theoretically possible for polar molecules to form bound states with electrons, even with dipole moments smaller than the critical value D_0 given by 1.63\\times10^{-18} esu cm. This prediction is consistent with the observed anomalous electron scattering in H_2S and HCl, whose dipole moments are smaller than the critical value D_0. We also show that for a polar molecule with dipole moment less than D_0, typically there is only a single bound state, which is in qualitative agreement with observations. We argue that the quantum mechanical scaling anomaly is responsible for the formation of these bound states.

Pulak Ranjan Giri; Kumar S. Gupta; S. Meljanac; A. Samsarov

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

151

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dipoles in applied fields". It deals with the classical (Langevin) theory of para-magnetism, anisotropy fields and magnetic measurements. In the next chapter "Atomic structure" the author ... special relevance to ferrites and the inclusion of a quite lengthy discussion of Pauli para-magnetism and of Stoner's treatment of itinerant electron ferromagnetism, though it does much to ...

E. W. LEE

1972-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

152

Homomorphic deconvolution of marine magnetic anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

system D?. has the property (Schafe r, 1969). D?[xl(n) * x (n)J D )xi(n)j + D?[x (n)j x. -, (n) + x2(n) x(n) D? + + x(n) + + y(n) Fig. 4. The canonic form of homomorphic systems for deconvolution. 13 -1 The system L is a linear system and D... in the frequency domain is required. Thus we have: &(z) = X(z) * L(z) (17) or going to the quefrency domain y{n) = x(n) t(n) (18) where R (n ) is some sequence of wei gh ti ng values . A di scus- s ion of the three most common linear filters follows . Coma fi...

Jones, Leo David

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

153

Momentive Performance Materials Distillation Intercharger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presenter: Nicki (Collins) Boucher Project Team: T. Baisley, C. Beers, R. Cameron, K. Holman, T. Kotkoskie, K. Norris Momentive Performance Materials Inc. Waterford, NY May 23, 2013 Industrial Energy Technology Conference ACC Responsible... Care? Energy Efficiency Program Momentive Performance Materials Distillation Interchanger ESL-IE-13-05-20 Proceedings of the Thrity-Fifth Industrial Energy Technology Conference New Orleans, LA. May 21-24, 2013 Copyright 2013 Momentive Performance...

Boucher, N.; Baisley, T.; Beers, C.; Cameron, R.; Holman, K.; Kotkoskie, T.; Norris, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

System for closure of a physical anomaly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Systems for closure of a physical anomaly. Closure is accomplished by a closure body with an exterior surface. The exterior surface contacts the opening of the anomaly and closes the anomaly. The closure body has a primary shape for closing the anomaly and a secondary shape for being positioned in the physical anomaly. The closure body preferably comprises a shape memory polymer.

Bearinger, Jane P; Maitland, Duncan J; Schumann, Daniel L; Wilson, Thomas S

2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

155

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS is a good book, and we are glad to see the subject of magnetism fully treated in a popularly written text-book. It is a second edition of ... of importance, accuracy, and exhaustiveness, places the present treatise, as far as terrestrial magnetism is concerned, much before any similar book with which we are acquainted. The correction ...

JAMES STUART

1872-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

156

Strange Magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analytic and parameter-free expression for the momentum dependence of the strange magnetic form factor of the nucleon and its corresponding radius which has been derived in Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory. We also discuss a model-independent relation between the isoscalar magnetic and the strange magnetic form factors of the nucleon based on chiral symmetry and SU(3) only. These limites are used to derive bounds on the strange magnetic moment of the proton from the recent measurement by the SAMPLE collaboration.

Thomas R. Hemmert; Ulf-G. Meissner; Sven Steininger

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

157

Subsurface conductive isolation of refraction correlative magnetic signals (SCIRCMS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This is an independently-derived sequence of anomalous values derived from Global Positioning System (GPS) refracted ranges. Detailed application of the Biot-Savart law provides independent anomaly signals to which the magnetic anomalies correlations show great...

Erck, Eric Stephenson

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

158

Electric Dipole Moment of HD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric dipole moment of HD in its ground vibrational and electronic state has been obtained from the intensity of the pure rotational spectrum. Its value is (5.85±0.17) × 10-4 D.

M. Trefler and H. P. Gush

1968-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Stereo Anomaly Test Manual Raymond van Ee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pieter Schiphorst, our compuer wizard, for creating this interactive anomaly test. Although this Stereo

van Ee, Raymond

160

Hyperfine Structure and Nuclear Moments of Columbium93  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Measurements have been made on the hyperfine structure of 32 lines in the spectrum of CbI. Analysis of these structures supports the previously reported spin value of 4½ units for the Cb93 nucleus and yields 32 hyperfine interval factors. These data, when used in conjunction with semi-empirical formulas for the coupling between the nucleus and an s electron in the configuration 4d4 5s, lead to values for the nuclear g-factor and nuclear magnetic moment of 1.18 and 5.3 nuclear magnetons, respectively, for stable Cb93. No nuclear electric quadrupole moment is detected.

Wilkison W. Meeks and Russell A. Fisher

1947-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Shallow Drilling In The Salton Sea Region, The Thermal Anomaly  

SciTech Connect

During two shallow thermal drilling programs, thermal measurements were obtained in 56 shallow (76.2 m) and one intermediate (457.3 m) depth holes located both onshore and offshore along the southern margin of the Salton Sea in the Imperial Valley, California. These data complete the surficial coverage of the thermal anomaly, revealing the shape and lateral extent of the hydrothermal system. The thermal data show the region of high thermal gradients to extend only a short distance offshore to the north of the Quaternary volcanic domes which are exposed along the southern shore of the Salton Sea. The thermal anomaly has an arcuate shape, about 4 km wide and 12 km long. Across the center of the anomaly, the transition zone between locations exhibiting high thermal gradients and those exhibiting regional thermal gradients is quite narrow. Thermal gradients rise from near regional (0.09 C/m) to extreme (0.83 C/m) in only 2.4 km. The heat flow in the central part of the anomaly is >600 mW/m{sup 2} and in some areas exceeds 1200 mW/m{sup 2}. The shape of the thermal anomaly is asymmetric with respect to the line of volcanoes previously thought to represent the center of the field, with its center line offset south of the volcanic buttes. There is no broad thermal anomaly associated with the magnetic high that extends offshore to the northeast from the volcanic domes. These observations of the thermal anomaly provide important constraints for models of the circulation of the hydrothermal system. Thermal budgets based on a simple model for this hydrothermal system indicate that the heat influx rate for local ''hot spots'' in the region may be large enough to account for the rate of heat flux from the entire Salton Trough.

Newmark, R. L.; Kasameyer, P. W.; Younker, L. W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Magnetism in transition metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By using the Hubbard tight-binding-type Hamiltonian and the cluster Bethe-lattice approximation we calculate for Fe the Curie temperature TC=2250 K and the temperature dependence of the magnetic moments and the magnetization. Moreover, we show how previous theories for itinerant magnets may be extended to include short-range spin correlations.

J. L. Morán-López; K. H. Bennemann; M. Avignon

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Magnetism in bcc cobalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Local-spin-density-approximation-based calculations, performed using a general-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method, are presented for bcc Co. The ground-state properties and magnetization energies are reported. It is found that the moment is strongly suppressed in constrained antiferromagnetic calculations, indicating that a local-moment picture is less appropriate for this material than for bcc iron.

D. J. Singh

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

I I Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

165

Magnetism in Transition Metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An attempt is made to distinguish "band-type magnetization" from "alignment-type magnetization" on the basis of whether the local moments associated with the Wannier functions on the atom sites are "induced" or "permanent." In general, the local moment is partially induced and partially permanent, and a criterion is suggested: A local moment is defined to be of the permanent variety if in the presence of magnetic forces (supposed characteristic of the crystal in a given circumstance) tending to produce a moment in one sense (z^, say) of a direction, it can maintain itself (perhaps altered in magnitude, however) in the opposite sense (-z^), as well as in z^. The internal mechanisms tending to produce permanent moments are simplified to just the Hcorr of Anderson, and the external inducing mechanism are the Heisenberg interaction and a magnetic field, Hspin, say. If Hcorr dominates Hspin, then it is shown that a local moment can maintain itself to the polarizing tendencies (whence an alignment type of magnetization calculation is appropriate), but if Hspin dominates Hcorr, then the local moment has only one sense possible in this environment (and a band type of calculation is appropriate). It is suggested that this distinction is relevant to transition metals.

M. Bailyn

1965-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

166

Graph anomalies in cyber communications  

SciTech Connect

Enterprises monitor cyber traffic for viruses, intruders and stolen information. Detection methods look for known signatures of malicious traffic or search for anomalies with respect to a nominal reference model. Traditional anomaly detection focuses on aggregate traffic at central nodes or on user-level monitoring. More recently, however, traffic is being viewed more holistically as a dynamic communication graph. Attention to the graph nature of the traffic has expanded the types of anomalies that are being sought. We give an overview of several cyber data streams collected at Los Alamos National Laboratory and discuss current work in modeling the graph dynamics of traffic over the network. We consider global properties and local properties within the communication graph. A method for monitoring relative entropy on multiple correlated properties is discussed in detail.

Vander Wiel, Scott A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Storlie, Curtis B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sandine, Gary [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hagberg, Aric A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Fisk, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

167

Localized Magnetic States in Graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the conditions necessary for the presence of localized magnetic moments on adatoms with inner shell electrons in graphene. We show that the low density of states at the Dirac point, and the anomalous broadening of the adatom electronic level, lead to the formation of magnetic moments for arbitrarily small local charging energy. As a result, we obtain an anomalous scaling of the boundary separating magnetic and nonmagnetic states. We show that, unlike any other material, the formation of magnetic moments can be controlled by an electric field effect.

Bruno Uchoa; Valeri N. Kotov; N. M. R. Peres; A. H. Castro Neto

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

168

Magnetism in hafnium dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin films of HfO2 produced by pulsed-laser deposition on sapphire, yttria-stabilized zirconia, or silicon substrates show ferromagnetic magnetization curves with little hysteresis and extrapolated Curie temperatures far in excess of 400K. The moment does not scale with film thickness, but in terms of substrate area it is typically in the range 150–400?Bnm?2. The magnetization exhibits a remarkable anisotropy, which depends on texture and substrate orientation. Pure HfO2 powder develops a weak magnetic moment on heating in vacuum, which is eliminated on annealing in oxygen. Lattice defects are the likely source of the magnetism.

J. M. D. Coey; M. Venkatesan; P. Stamenov; C. B. Fitzgerald; L. S. Dorneles

2005-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

169

Orbital Magnetism: Pros and Cons for Enhancing the Cluster Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The discrepancy seen in the experimental and theoretical results on the magnetic moment of a small magnetic cluster has been attributed to the contribution arising from orbital magnetism. In this Letter we show that the magnetic states with large orbital magnetic moment are not always energetically favorable; they could, however, be realizable by coating the cluster or deposing it on appropriate substrates. More importantly, our work shows that the crucial factors that determine the cluster magnetism are found to be the intrinsic, and consequently, the extrinsic properties of the constituent atoms of the cluster.

Antonis N. Andriotis and Madhu Menon

2004-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

170

Observation of chiral ordering of moments in the magnetic mesostucture of the (Pd{sub 0.984}Fe{sub 0.016}){sub 0.95}Mn{sub 0.05} alloy by means of polarized neutrons  

SciTech Connect

Investigation of the magnetic structure of the diluted (Pd{sub 0.984}Fe{sub 0.016}){sub 0.95}Mn{sub 0.05} alloy at meso-and nanoscale levels by means of two techniques of small-angle polarized-neutron scattering (within a direct beam and beyond it) has been performed in the temperature range 10magnetic scattering cross section on a weak (0magnetic field have been studied. A simple model of neutron beam depolarization by a sample with uniaxial magnetic anisotropy was used to analyze the results obtained. The experiment on polarized-neutron scattering in the so-called direct geometry showed the existence of a polarization-dependent scattering cross section. This scattering has left-right asymmetry and depends on temperature. Comparison of these results with the depolarization data leads to a conclusion about the existence of static chiral fluctuations in large-scale inhomogeneities.

Aksel'rod, L. A.; Gordeev, G. P., E-mail: ggordeev@pnpi.spb.ru; Zabenkin, V. N.; Lazebnik, I. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Wagner, V. [Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany); Eckerlebe, H. [GKSS-Forschungzentrum (Germany)

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Magnetic and Electric Dipole Constraints on Extra Dimensions and Magnetic Fluxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The propagation of charged particles and gauge fields in a compact extra dimension contributes to $g-2$ of the charged particles. In addition, a magnetic flux threading this extra dimension generates an electric dipole moment for these particles. We present constraints on the compactification size and on the possible magnetic flux imposed by the comparison of data and theory of the magnetic moment of the muon and from limits on the electric dipole moments of the muon, neutron and electron.

Aaron J. Roy; Myron Bander

2008-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

172

Angular Moment Analysis of Correlations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For analyzing anisotropic low relative-velocity correlation-functions and the associated emission sources, we propose an expansion in terms of cartesian spherical harmonics. The expansion coefficients represent angular moments of the investigated functions. The respective coefficients for the correlation and source are directly related to each other via one-dimensional integral transforms. The shape features of the source may be partly read off from the respective features of the correlation function and can be, otherwise, imaged.

P. Danielewicz; S. Pratt

2005-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

173

Kinematic moment invariants for linear Hamiltonian systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Quadratic moments of a particle distribution being transported through a linear Hamiltonian system are considered. A complete set of kinematic invariants made out of these moments are constructed leading to the discovery of new invariants.

Filippo Neri and Govindan Rangarajan

1990-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

174

Nuclear Quadrupole Moments and Nuclear Shell Structure  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Describes a simple model, based on nuclear shell considerations, which leads to the proper behavior of known nuclear quadrupole moments, although predictions of the magnitudes of some quadrupole moments are seriously in error.

Townes, C. H.; Foley, H. M.; Low, W.

1950-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

175

Muonic Hydrogen and the Third Zemach Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the third Zemach moment of hydrogen (_(2)) using only the world data on elastic electron-proton scattering. This moment dominates the O (Z alpha)^5 hadronic correction to the Lamb shift in muonic atoms. The resulting moment, _(2) = 2.71(13) fm^3, is somewhat larger than previously inferred values based on models. The contribution of that moment to the muonic hydrogen 2S level is -0.0247(12) meV.

J. L. Friar; I. Sick

2005-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

176

Muonic hydrogen and the third Zemach moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We determine the third Zemach moment of hydrogen (?r3?(2)) using only the world data on elastic electron-proton scattering. This moment dominates the O(Z?)5 hadronic correction to the Lamb shift in muonic atoms. The resulting moment, ?r3?(2)=2.71(13)fm3, is larger than some previously inferred values based on simple models. The contribution of that moment to the muonic hydrogen 2S level is ?0.0247(12)meV.

J. L. Friar and Ingo Sick

2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

177

Magnetism in Heavy-Electron Liquids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Theoretical Physics February 1992 research-article Articles Magnetism in Heavy-Electron Liquids Fusayoshi J. Ohkawa Department...d expansion to paramagnons, metamagnetism, tiny-moment magnetism, and other topics are presented. Citing Article(s......

Fusayoshi J. Ohkawa

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Fabrication of thin films for a small alternating gradient field magnetometer for biomedical magnetic sensing applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. This is due to the addition of Cr, which decreases the magnetic moment of the films; magnetoelas- tic coupling magnetometers (AGFM) composed of permanent magnets are being developed for measuring magnetic moments in soil Si membrane with a cylindrical SmCo permanent magnet.2,3 The magnetic material attached

McHenry, Michael E.

179

Gravity Dual of Superconformal Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The supergravity dual of superconformal anomaly in a four-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theory is investigated. We consider a well-established dual correspondence between the ${\\cal N}=1$ $SU(N+M)\\times SU(N)$ supersymmetric gauge theory with two flavors of matter fields in the bifundamental representation of gauge group and the type IIB superstring in the space-time background furnished by the Klebanov-Strassler (K-S) solution. The D-brane configuration for these two dual theories consists of N D3 branes and M fractional $D3$ branes in the singular space-time composed of a direct product of M^4 and a six-dimensional conifold ${\\cal C}_6$ with the base $T^{1,1}$. The superconformal anomaly originate from fractional branes frozen at the apex of ${\\cal C}_6$. While on the gravity side, the fractional branes deform the $AdS_5\\times T^{1,1}$ space-time background and partially break local supersymmetry of type IIB supergravity. We find that the deformation on $AdS_5\\times T^{1,1}$ leads to the spontaneous breaking local symmetries in gauged AdS_5 supergravity and consequently a super-Higgs mechanism arises. We thus conclude that the super-Higgs mechanism in gauged supergravity is dual to the superconformal anomaly of supersymmetric gauge theory in terms of gauge/gravity correspondence.

W. F. Chen

2005-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

180

Weak Interactions in Atoms Nuclear Anapole Moment Weak Coupling Constants Nuclear Anapole Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Weak Interactions in Atoms Nuclear Anapole Moment Weak Coupling Constants Nuclear Anapole Moment;Weak Interactions in Atoms Nuclear Anapole Moment Weak Coupling Constants Plan of the talk Weak Interactions in Atoms Charged and Neutral Currents. Effective P-odd Hamiltonian Nuclear Anapole Moment

Pines, Alexander

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Correlation of GSO satellite anomalies with space weather data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work summarizes the main results of our studies at the ISRO cell of IIT-Mumbai, on the relationship between space weather and geostationary satellite anomalies. We point out that the essence of the problem is to understand quantitatively the relationships between changes in space weather at the Sun (S) and the dayside Lagrangian point (L1) on the one hand, and on the other hand the electron/proton fluxes and magnetic field changes at the geostationary altitude (G). Electromagnetic and cosmic ray changes at the Earth surface (E) are also related to the field and particle changes observed at G. We have evolved prediction programs for satellite anomalies based on proton events on the Sun, the solar wind speeds measured at L1, and the 2 MeV electron flux enhancements observed at G. The probabilities and time lags of the occurrence of satellite anomalies are also governed by whether the ‘shock’ in solar wind and IMF parameters detected at L1 is of a ‘sharp’ or a ‘diffuse’ type. From a comparative study of the two years 2005 and 2006 with very different space weather conditions, we find that the type and number of anomalies is (1) clearly governed by the magnitude of the interplanetary electric field E sw , and hence by the IMF B and (2) by the number of proton events on the Sun. We are currently exploring the role played by the ratio of 2 MeV electrons to the > 1 MeV protons, both at G, in the occurrence of satellite anomalies.

C.G. Patil; Girija Rajaram; M.Y.S. Prasad

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Moment Analysis of Hadronic Vacuum Polarization - Proposal for a lattice QCD evaluation of $g_?-2$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I suggest a new approach to the determination of the hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP) contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon $a_{\\mu}^{\\rm HVP}$ in lattice QCD. It is based on properties of the Mellin transform of the hadronic spectral function and their relation to the HVP self energy in the Euclidean. I show how $a_{\\mu}^{\\rm HVP}$ is very well approximated by a few moments associated to this Mellin transform and how these moments can be evaluated in lattice QCD, providing thus a series of tests when compared with the corresponding determinations using experimental data.

Eduardo de Rafael

2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

183

Partial Spin Ordering and Complex Magnetic Structure in BaYFeO4: A Neutron Diffraction and High Temperature Susceptibility Study  

SciTech Connect

The novel iron-based compound, BaYFeO4, crystallizes in the Pnma space group with two distinct Fe3+ sites, that are alternately corner-shared [FeO5]7 square pyramids and [FeO6]9 octahedra, forming into [Fe4O18]24 rings, which propagate as columns along the b-axis. A recent report shows two discernible antiferromagnetic (AFM) transitions at 36 and 48 K in the susceptibility, yet heat capacity measurements reveal no magnetic phase transitions at these temperatures. An upturn in the magnetic susceptibility measurements up to 400 K suggests the presence of shortrange magnetic behavior at higher temperatures. In this Article, variable-temperature neutron powder diffraction and hightemperature magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed to clarify the magnetic behavior. Neutron powder diffraction confirmed that the two magnetic transitions observed at 36 and 48 K are due to long-range magnetic order. Below 48 K, the magnetic structure was determined as a spin-density wave (SDW) with a propagation vector, k = (0, 0, 1/3), and the moments along the b-axis, whereas the structure becomes an incommensurate cycloid [k = (0, 0, 0.35)] below 36 K with the moments within the bc-plane. However, for both cases the ordered moments on Fe3+ are only of the order 3.0 B, smaller than the expected values near 4.5 B, indicating that significant components of the Fe moments remain paramagnetic to the lowest temperature studied, 6 K. Moreover, new high-temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements revealed a peak maximum at 550 K indicative of short-range spin correlations. It is postulated that most of the magnetic entropy is thus removed at high temperatures which could explain the absence of heat capacity anomalies at the long-range ordering temperatures. Published spin dimer calculations, which appear to suggest a k = (0, 0, 0) magnetic structure, and allow for neither low dimensionality nor geometric frustration, are inadequate to explain the observed complex magnetic structure.

Thompson, Corey [Florida State University, Tallahassee] [Florida State University, Tallahassee; Greedan, John [McMaster University] [McMaster University; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL] [ORNL; Flacau, Roxana [National Research Council of Canada] [National Research Council of Canada; Tan, Malinda [California State University, Long Beach (CSULB)] [California State University, Long Beach (CSULB); Derakhshan, Shahab [California State University, Long Beach (CSULB)] [California State University, Long Beach (CSULB)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Marine Magnetic Data Processing In Equatorial Regions Off Ghana  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......equatorial region. The heading effect of the ship's magnetic field and strong...equatorial region. The heading effect of the ship's magnetic field and strong...anomaly interpretation. The effects of the ship's heading on the field strength......

S. K. Buchanan; R. A. Scrutton; R. A. Edwards; R. B. Whitmarsh

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Testing Hyperspectral Data for Geobatanical Anomaly Mapping,...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Area Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Testing Hyperspectral Data for Geobatanical Anomaly Mapping, Dixie Valley, Nevada, Geothermal...

186

Anomaly polynomial of general 6d SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a method to determine the anomaly polynomials of general 6d $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ and $\\mathcal{N}=(1,0)$ SCFTs, in terms of the anomaly matching on their tensor branches. This method is almost purely field theoretical, and can be applied to all known 6d SCFTs. We demonstrate our method in many concrete examples, including $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ theories of arbitrary type and the theories on M5 branes on ALE singularities, reproducing the $N^3$ behavior. We check the results against the anomaly polynomials computed M-theoretically via the anomaly inflow.

Ohmori, Kantaro; Tachikawa, Yuji; Yonekura, Kazuya

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Anomaly polynomial of general 6d SCFTs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a method to determine the anomaly polynomials of general 6d $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ and $\\mathcal{N}=(1,0)$ SCFTs, in terms of the anomaly matching on their tensor branches. This method is almost purely field theoretical, and can be applied to all known 6d SCFTs. We demonstrate our method in many concrete examples, including $\\mathcal{N}=(2,0)$ theories of arbitrary type and the theories on M5 branes on ALE singularities, reproducing the $N^3$ behavior. We check the results against the anomaly polynomials computed M-theoretically via the anomaly inflow.

Kantaro Ohmori; Hiroyuki Shimizu; Yuji Tachikawa; Kazuya Yonekura

2014-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

188

DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL DETERMINATION OF RADIAL MOMENTS OF AN AEROSOL SIZE DISTRIBUTION FROM MEASUREMENTS OF LIGHT TRANSMITTANCE AND SCATTERING Ernie R. Lewis and Stephen E. Schwartz Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11933 ses@bnl.gov elewis@bnl.gov MOMENTS FROM MEASUREMENTS As each of the measured quantities is linear in the size distribution dn/dr, it is possible to construct linear combinations of measurements that yield

189

Nuclear magnetic resonance in a thallium single crystal.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Nuclear magnetic resonance studies in single crystals of thallium have been performed for the first time. The resonance frequency, line width and second moment were… (more)

Schratter, Jacob Jack

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

MagLab - Pioneers in Electricity and Magnetism: Peter Debye  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Peter Debye (1884-1966) Peter Debye Peter Debye carried out pioneering studies of molecular dipole moments, formulated theories of magnetic cooling and of electrolytic...

191

Anomalies of Nuclear Criticality, Revision 6  

SciTech Connect

This report is revision 6 of the Anomalies of Nuclear Criticality. This report is required reading for the training of criticality professionals in many organizations both nationally and internationally. This report describes many different classes of nuclear criticality anomalies that are different than expected.

Clayton, E. D.; Prichard, Andrew W.; Durst, Bonita E.; Erickson, David; Puigh, Raymond J.

2010-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

192

Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Tir (Aster) Geothermal Anomalies Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The focus of this research is the detection of shallow thermal anomalies for geothermal exploration and field management. The objective of this paper is to outline the steps involved in applying thermal infrared imagery (TIR) for this task. This process is part of an ongoing project at the Energy & Geoscience Institute (EGI), where we are developing a methodology to use daytime and nighttime thermal infrared imagery produced by the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) to map shallow thermal anomalies. Kinetic temperature images

193

A New, Principled Approach to Anomaly Detection  

SciTech Connect

Intrusion detection is often described as having two main approaches: signature-based and anomaly-based. We argue that only unsupervised methods are suitable for detecting anomalies. However, there has been a tendency in the literature to conflate the notion of an anomaly with the notion of a malicious event. As a result, the methods used to discover anomalies have typically been ad hoc, making it nearly impossible to systematically compare between models or regulate the number of alerts. We propose a new, principled approach to anomaly detection that addresses the main shortcomings of ad hoc approaches. We provide both theoretical and cyber-specific examples to demonstrate the benefits of our more principled approach.

Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL; Bridges, Robert A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Decline of the current quadrupole moment during the merger phase of binary black hole coalescence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utilizing the tools of tendex and vortex, we study the highly dynamic plunge and merger phases of several $\\pi$-symmetric binary black hole coalescences. In particular, we observe a decline of the strength of the current quadrupole moment as compared to that of the mass quadrupole moment during the merger phase, contrary to a naive estimate according to the dependence of these moments on the separation between the black holes. We further show that this decline of the current quadrupole moment is achieved through the remnants of the two individual spins becoming nearly aligned or anti-aligned with the total angular momentum. We also speculate on the implication of our observations for achieving a consistency between the electric and magnetic parity quasinormal modes.

Fan Zhang

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

195

NEUTRON ELECTRIC-DIPOLE MOMENT, ULTRACOLD NEUTRONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEUTRON ELECTRIC-DIPOLE MOMENT, ULTRACOLD NEUTRONS AND POLARIZED 3He R. GOLUB~and Steve K REPORTS (Review Section of Physics Letters) 237, No. 1(1994)1--62. PHYSICS REPORTS North-Holland Neutron electric-dipole moment, ultracold neutrons and polarized 3He R. Goluba and Steve K. Lamoreauxb a

196

General moment invariants for linear Hamiltonian systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper studies the behavior of the moments of a particle distribution as it is transported through a Hamiltonian system. Functions of moments that remain invariant for an arbitrary linear Hamiltonian system are constructed. These functions remain approximately invariant for Hamiltonian systems that are not strongly nonlinear. Consequently, they can be used to characterize the degree of nonlinearity of the system.

Alex J. Dragt; Filippo Neri; Govindan Rangarajan

1992-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Magnetism of nanosized metallic particles  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetism of a small cluster of magnetic atoms at finite temperatures is numerically investigated. The evolution of the system towards thermal equilibrium is studied, and the possibility of occurrence of vortexlike excitations in the arrangement of the magnetic moments within the cluster is pointed out. The magnetization curve as a function of temperature, of a small magnetic particle, suggests that magnetic clusters in granular metals are not saturated even at room temperature. The relevance of the present results to the understanding of the magnetic behavior of granular metals is discussed.

P. Vargas; J. d’Albuquerque e Castro; D. Altbir

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Improved explanation of human intelligence using cortical features with second order moments and regression  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background: Cortical features derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provide important information to account for human intelligence. Cortical thickness, surface area, sulcal depth, and mean curvature were considered to explain human intelligence. ... Keywords: Cortical features, Cortical thickness, Curvature, Human intelligence, Partial least squares regression, Second order moments, Sulcal depth, Surface area

Hyunjin Park, Jin-Ju Yang, Jongbum Seo, Yu-Yong Choi, Kun-Ho Lee, Jong-Min Lee

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Potential Vorticity Anomalies Associated with Squall Lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study involves observations and model simulations of potential vorticity anomalies in the wake of midlatitude squall lines. Using data from the Oklahoma–Kansas PRE-STORM experiment, we analyze potential vorticity fields near two squall lines—...

Rolf F. A. Hertenstein; Wayne H. Schubert

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Time series anomaly detection using recessive subsequence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Time series arise frequently in many sciences and engineering application, including finance, digital audio, motion capture, network security, and transportation. In this work, we propose a technique for discovering anomalies in time series that takes ...

Yonchanok Khaokaew; Sirikarn Pukkawanna

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

The electric charge and magnetic moment of neutral fundamental particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The article focuses on the issue of the two definitions of charge, mainly the gauge charge and the effective charge of fundamental particles. Most textbooks on classical electromagnetism and quantum field theory only works with the gauge charges while the concept of the induced charge remains unattended. In this article it has been shown that for intrinsically charged particles both of the charges remain the same but there can be situations where an electrically neutral particle picks up some electrical charge from its plasma surrounding. The physical origin and the scope of application of the induced charge concept has been briefly discussed in the article.

Kaushik Bhattacharya

2009-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

202

Precise Measurement of the Positive Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A precise measurement of the anomalous g value, a_mu=(g-2)/2, for the positive muon has been made at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron. The result a_mu^+=11 659 202(14)(6) X 10^{-10} (1.3 ppm) is in good agreement with previous measurements and has an error one third that of the combined previous data. The current theoretical value from the standard model is a_mu(SM)=11 659 159.6(6.7) X 10^{-10} (0.57 ppm) and a_mu(exp)-a_mu(SM)=43(16) X 10^{-10} in which a_mu(exp) is the world average experimental value. This difference may be due to physics beyond the standard model.

Brown, H N; Carey, R M; Cushman, P B; Danby, G T; Debevec, P T; Deile, M; Deng, H; Deninger, W J; Dhawan, S K; Druzhinin, V P; Duong, L; Efstathiadis, E F; Farley, Francis J M; Fedotovich, G V; Giron, S; Gray, F; Grigoriev, D; Grosse-Perdekamp, M; Grossmann, A; Hare, M; Hertzog, D W; Hughes, V W; Iwasaki, M; Jungmann, Klaus; Kawall, D; Kawamura, M; Khazin, B I; Kindem, J; Krienen, F; Kronkvist, I J; Larsen, R; Lee, Y Y; Logashenko, I B; McNabb, R; Meng, W; Mi, J; Miller, J P; Morse, W M; Nikas, D; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlov, Yu F; Ozben, C S; Paley, J M; Polly, C; Pretz, J; Prigl, R; zu Putlitz, Gisbert; Redin, S I; Rind, O; Roberts, B L; Ryskulov, N M; Sedykh, S N; Semertzidis, Y K; Shatunov, Yu M; Sichtermann, E P; Solodov, E P; Sossong, M; Steinmetz, A; Sulak, Lawrence R; Timmermans, C; Trofimov, A V; Urner, D; Von Walter, P; Warburton, D; Winn, D; Yamamoto, A; Zimmerman, D

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

CP-violating CFT and trace anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is logically possible that the trace anomaly in four dimension includes the Hirzebruch-Pontryagin density in CP violating theories. Although the term vanishes at free conformal fixed points, we realize such a possibility in the holographic renormalization group and show that it is indeed possible. The Hirzebruch-Pontryagin term in the trace anomaly may serve as a barometer to understand how much CP is violated in conformal field theories.

Yu Nakayama

2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

204

Ca isotopic anomaly in the atmospheres of Ap stars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present results of the Ca stratification analysis in the atmospheres of 21 magnetic chemically peculiar (Ap) stars. This analysis was based on the spectral observations carried out with the UVES spectrograph attached to the 8-m VLT telescope. Ca was found to be strongly stratified in all stars with different effective temperatures and magnetic field strengths. This element is overabundant by 1-1.5 dex below logtau_5000~-1 and strongly depleted above logtau_5000=-1.5. Based on the overall Ca abundance distributions, we modelled a profile of the IR-triplet Ca II 8498 line. It shows a significant contribution of the heavy isotopes 46Ca and 48Ca, which represent less than 1% of the solar Ca isotopic mixture. In Ap stars with the relatively small surface magnetic fields (Ca isotope is concentrated close to the photosphere, while the heavy isotopes are pushed towards the outer layers. Isotopic separation disappears in the atmospheres of stars with magnetic fields above 6-7 kG. The observed overall Ca stratification and isotopic anomalies may be explained by a combined action of the radiatively-driven diffusion and the light-induced drift.

T. Ryabchikova; O. Kochukhov; S. Bagnulo

2007-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

205

Building envelope thermal anomaly analysis  

SciTech Connect

A detailed study has been made of building energy thermal anomalies (BETA's) in a large modern office building using computer simulation, on-site inspections, and infrared thermography. The goal was to better understand the heat and moisture flow through these ''bridges,'' develop the beginnings of a classification scheme, and establish techniques for assessing the potential for retrofit or initial design modifications. In terms of presently available analytical techniques, a one-dimensional equivalent of the bridge and its affected area can be created from a steady-state computer simulation. This equivalent, combined with a degree day model, yields good estimates of the bridge behavior in buildings employing heating only. With heating and cooling, the equivalent must be used with an hour-by-hour simulation. A classification scheme based on the one-dimensional equivalent is proposed which should make it possible to create a catalog of basic bridge types that can be used to estimate their effects without requiring a complete hour-by-hour simulation of each building. The classification relates both energy loss and moisture condensation potential to the bridge configuration and the building envelope. The potential for moisture condensation on interior surfaces near a BETA was found to be as significant as the energy loss and this factor needds to be considered in assessing the complete detrimental effects of a bridge. With such a catalog, building designers and analysts would be able to determine and estimate the advantages or disadvantages of modifying the building envelope to reduce the impact of a thermal bridge. 18 refs., 31 figs., 17 tabs.

Melton, B.S.; Mulroney, P.; Scott, T.; Childs, K.W.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Scientists capture 'redox moments' in living cells | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists capture 'redox moments' in living cells Scientists capture 'redox moments' in living cells Better understanding of hardy bacteria enhances tool for biofuel creation...

207

CFD Combustion Modeling with Conditional Moment Closure using...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Combustion Modeling with Conditional Moment Closure using Tabulated Chemistry CFD Combustion Modeling with Conditional Moment Closure using Tabulated Chemistry A method is...

208

Symmetry and cluster magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three possible isomers of 13-atom iron clusters are studied using local-density-functional methods that allow the spin of the cluster to be determined self-consistently. The ground state is the icosahedral structure. It has the greatest magnetic moment because of increased symmetry-required orbital degeneracy for electrons of different spins.

Brett I. Dunlap

1990-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

209

Magnetic properties and homogeneous distribution of Gd{sup 3+} ions in gadolinium molybdenum borate glass with high Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} content  

SciTech Connect

Highlights: ? The magnetic susceptibility of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}–MoO{sub 3}–B{sub 2}O{sub 3} glass was examined in T = 1.8–300 K. ? The effective magnetic moment was ?{sub eff} = 7.87 ?{sub B}. ? The Weiss constant was ? = ?0.7 K. ? Gd{sup 3+} ions are distributed homogeneously as paramagnetic ions down to T = 1.8 K. -- Abstract: The magnetic susceptibility and specific heat of 21.25Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}–63.75MoO{sub 3}–15B{sub 2}O{sub 3} (mol%) glass showing the crystallization of ferroelastic ??-Gd{sub 2}(MoO{sub 4}){sub 3} crystals are examined in the temperature range of T = 1.8–300 K to clarify magnetic and distribution states of Gd{sup 3+} ions. The magnetic susceptibility obeys the Curie–Weiss law, giving the effective magnetic moment of ?{sub eff} = 7.87 ?{sub B} and the Weiss constant of ? = ?0.7 K. Any peak such as ?-type anomaly is not observed in the temperature dependence of specific heat in T = 1.8–5 K. It is suggested that Gd{sup 3+} ions in the glass with a high Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} content of 21.25 mol% are distributed homogeneously and randomly as paramagnetic ions down to T = 1.8 K without inducing any strong magnetic interaction. The present study suggests that glasses based on the MoO{sub 3}–B{sub 2}O{sub 3} system are good hosts for the homogeneous solubility of a large amount of rare-earth oxides.

Suzuki, F.; Honma, T. [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan); Doi, Y.; Hinatsu, Y. [Division of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan)] [Division of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Komatsu, T., E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Electric dipole moment searches: reexamination of frequency shifts for particles in traps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In experiments searching for a nonzero electric dipole moment of trapped particles, frequency shifts correlated with an applied electric field can be interpreted as a false signal. One such effect, referred to as the geometric phase effect, is known to occur in a magnetic field that is nonperfectly homogeneous. The increase in sensitivity of experiments demands improved theoretical description of this effect. In the case of fast particles, like atoms at room temperature and low pressure, the validity of established theories was limited to a cylindrical confinement cell in a uniform gradient with cylindrical symmetry. We develop a more general theory valid for an arbitrary shape of the magnetic field as well as for arbitrary geometry of the confinement cell. Our improved theory is especially relevant for experiments measuring the neutron electric dipole moment with an atomic comagnetometer. In this context, we have reproduced and extended earlier numerical studies of the geometric phase effect induced by localized magnetic impurities.

Guillaume Pignol; Stephanie Roccia

2012-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

211

Regional North American gravity and magnetic anomaly correlations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......volcanic rocks of the Snake River Plain, Idaho...A. , 1964. Developments in Solid Earth...combined with lateral temperature perturbations are...regionally higher temperatures are associated...volcanic rocks of the Snake River Plain, Idaho...A., 1964. Developments in Solid Earth......

R. R. B. von Frese; W. J. Hinze; L. W. Braile

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Cassia County Idaho; clastic sediments; economic geology; exploration; geophysical methods; geophysical surveys; geothermal energy; gravel; ground methods; Idaho; isothermal remanent magnetization; magnetic anomalies; magnetic methods; magnetic properties; magnetic susceptibility; magnetization; paleomagnetism; Raft River basin; remanent magnetization; sediments; surveys; United States Author(s): Anderson, L.A.; Mabey, D.R. Published: Abstracts - Society of Exploration Geophysicists International

213

Magnetic structure of Loihi Seamount, an active hotspot volcano in the Hawaiian Island chain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

techniques. A strongly magnetized shield can explain most of the anomaly with a large nonmagnetic zone inside, beneath the summit. Prominent magnetic highs are located along Loihi's north and south rift zone dikes and modeling solutions suggest strongly...

Lamarche, Amy J.

2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

Magnetic Phase Transitions in Silicate Minerals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Natural silicates often contain small amounts of 3d transition metal ions in octahedral sites, which possess a magnetic moment due to unpaired 3d electrons. When the concentration of 3d ions is sufficiently high ...

J. M. D. Coey; Subrata Ghose

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Magnetism in fcc rhodium and palladium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First-principles total-energy band calculations using the fixed-spin-moment procedure are used to study the volume dependence of the magnetic behavior for fcc Rh and Pd. We calculate the total energy, the magnetic moment, and the spin-polarized l-decomposed electron occupancy from below the equilibrium volume to the free-atom limit, and show the magnetic susceptibility in the nonmagnetic range. We find that both metals are nonmagnetic at zero pressure, but undergo first-order transitions from nonmagnetic to magnetic behavior at expanded volumes. In both cases, the onset of magnetic behavior is accompanied by magnetic moments that exceed the Hund’s-rule atomic limit. With increasing volume, we find a depletion of s and p states and a corresponding increase of d states with an approach to the 4d9 and 4d10 free-atom configurations for Rh and Pd, respectively.

V. L. Moruzzi and P. M. Marcus

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Hot flow anomaly remnant in the far geotail?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hot flow anomaly (HFA) like event was observed by the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory (STEREO) in the night side magnetosheath in the far tail in February-March 2007. The magnetic signature of the tangential discontinuity was visible, but the resolution of the plasma ion data is not sufficient for our analysis, so a method is given to identify HFAs without solar wind velocity measurements. The event observed in the night side magnetosheath in the far tail might be the remnant of an HFA event, a not-so-active current sheet. This observation suggests that the lifetime of the HFAs might be several 10 minutes, much longer than the expected several minutes.

Facskó, Gábor; Lavraud, Benoit; Luhmann, Janet G; Russell, Christopher T; Sauvaud, Jean-Andre; Fedorov, Andrei; Kis, Árpád; Wesztergom, Viktor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment at Fixed Topology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the finite volume effects of CP-odd quantities, such as the neutron electric dipole moment and the anapole moment in the $\\theta$-vacuum, under different topological sectors. We evaluate the three-point Green's functions for the electromagnetic current in a fixed non-trivial topological sector in order to extract these CP-odd observables. We discuss the role of zero modes in the CP-odd Green's function and show that, in the quenched approximation, there is a power divergence in the quark mass for CP-odd quantities at finite volume.

Keh-Fei Liu

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

218

$?$ electric dipole moment with polarized beams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High luminosity Super B/Flavor factories, near and on top of the $\\Upsilon$ resonances, allow for a detailed investigation of CP-violation in $\\tau$ physics. In particular, bounds on the $\\tau$ electric dipole moment can be obtained from CP-odd observables. We perform an independent analysis from other low and high energy data. For polarized electron beam a CP-odd asymmetry, associated to the normal polarization term, can be used to set stringent bounds on the $\\tau$ electric dipole moment.

G. A. González-Sprinberg; J. Bernabéu; J. Vidal

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

219

Nonparametric Tests of Moment Condition Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are interested in whether or not ? is constant. To reformulate it into an inference problem of moment stability, let zt = (yt , x#4;t )#4; and m(zt ,?) = ( yt ? x#4;t ? ) xt . Then, under the null hypothesis that ? is constant, the moment condition (2.1) holds... for all t . Otherwise, for any vector ? of constants, E(m(zt ,?)) #5;= 0 for some nonnegligible fraction of the sample. Most studies in the literature consider the case where the distribution of xt is assumed to be stationary. Furthermore, we may allow...

Juhl, Ted P.; Xiao, Zhijie

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Magnetism in bcc and fcc manganese  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Density-functional theory is used to compute the ferromagnetic moment as a function of lattice constant for bcc and fcc Mn. For bcc Mn, a relatively small moment is found in the lattice-constant range 5.205.90 a.u., with a discontinuous low-spin to high-spin transition occurring somewhere in the double-moment region 5.90?7.275 a.u., with a discontinuous zero-moment to high-moment transition occurring near a=7.275 a.u. Information obtained from magnetic susceptibility calculations is used to predict the magnetic order of the ground state in some of the lattice-constant ranges considered. The susceptibility calculations indicate that bcc Mn has a ferromagnetic ground state in the range 5.26.8 a.u.

G. Fuster; N. E. Brener; J. Callaway; J. L. Fry; Y. Z. Zhao; D. A. Papaconstantopoulos

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Matt Eichenfield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment (NEDM) Matt Eichenfield 04/20/2007 #12;P and T Violations EDM to explain the Baryonic asymmetry of the universe #12;The Neutron's Constituents Three quarks Two down (q d neutron radius, the separation causing the SM NEDM

Golwala, Sunil

222

Task and Machine Heterogeneities: Higher Moments Matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Task and Machine Heterogeneities: Higher Moments Matter Abdulla M. Al-Qawasmeh 1 , Anthony A.potter}@colostate.edu jtsmith@digitalglobe.com Abstract - One type of heterogeneous computing (HC) systems consists of machines in this matrix represents the ETC of a specific task on a specific machine when executed exclusively. Heuristics

Maciejewski, Anthony A.

223

Localized velocity anomalies in the lower mantle  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......projection centred on the Argentina source region. The location...approximately 80" from the Argentina source region. S-waves...Bolivia are dominated by SV energy, and large Sp precursors...closer to the stations than Argentina. Lower mantle velocity anomalies......

Thorne Lay

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Wood anomalies in resonant photonic quasicrystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theory of light diffraction from planar quasicrystalline lattice with resonant scatterers is presented. Rich structure, absent in the periodic case, is found in specular reflection spectra, and interpreted as a specific kind of Wood anomalies, characteristic for quasicrystals. The theory is applied to semiconductor quantum dots arranged in Penrose tiling.

Poddubny, A N

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Ranking Metric Anomaly in Invariant Networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The management of large-scale distributed information systems relies on the effective use and modeling of monitoring data collected at various points in the distributed information systems. A traditional approach to model monitoring data is to discover ... Keywords: Metric anomaly ranking, invariant networks, link analysis

Yong Ge; Guofei Jiang; Min Ding; Hui Xiong

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Anomaly polynomial of E-string theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the anomaly polynomial of the E-string theory and its higher-rank generalizations, that is, the 6d $\\mathcal{N} =(1, 0)$ superconformal theories on the worldvolume of one or multiple M5-branes embedded within the end-of-the-world brane with $E_8$ symmetry.

Ohmori, Kantaro; Tachikawa, Yuji

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Anomaly polynomial of E-string theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We determine the anomaly polynomial of the E-string theory and its higher-rank generalizations, that is, the 6d $\\mathcal{N} =(1, 0)$ superconformal theories on the worldvolume of one or multiple M5-branes embedded within the end-of-the-world brane with $E_8$ symmetry.

Kantaro Ohmori; Hiroyuki Shimizu; Yuji Tachikawa

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

228

Magnetic Force Between Magnetic Nano Probes at Optical Frequency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic force microscopy based on the interaction of static magnetic materials was demonstrated in the past with resolutions in the order of nanometers. Measurement techniques based on forces between electric dipoles oscillating at optical frequencies have been also demonstrated leading to the standard operation of the scanning force microscope (SFM). However the investigations of a SFM based on the magnetic force generated by magnetic dipole moments oscillating at optical frequencies has not been tackled yet. With this goal in mind we establish a theoretical model towards observable magnetic force interaction between two magnetically polarizable nanoparticles at optical frequency and show such a force to be in the order of piconewtons which could be in principle detected by conventional microscopy techniques. Two possible principles for conceiving magnetically polarizable nano probes able to generate strong magnetic dipoles at optical frequency are investigated based on silicon nanoparticles and on clusters...

Guclu, Caner; Capolino, Filippo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Ising-like dynamics and frozen states in systems of ultrafine magnetic particles Stefanie Russ and Armin Bunde  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ising-like dynamics and frozen states in systems of ultrafine magnetic particles Stefanie Russ flips of the magnetic moments, as in Ising systems. Since the dipolar interaction favorizes- polar and anisotropy energy, the magnetic moments have a tendency to align in an Ising-like manner

von Oppen, Felix

230

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalies mimicking physical Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geosciences 90 Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along faults in unconsolidated sedimentary aquifers Summary: Thermal anomalies indicate preferential flow along...

231

Electric dipole moment of light nuclei  

SciTech Connect

We examine the sensitivity of the deuteron Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) to variation in the nucleon-nucleon interaction. In particular, we write the EDM as a sum of two terms, one depends on the target wave function, the second on intermediate multiple scattering states in the {sup 3}P{sub 1} channel. This second contribution is sensitive to off-shell behavior of the {sup 3}P{sub 1} amplitude.

Afnan, Iraj R. [School of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide 5001 (Australia); Gibson, Benjamin F. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

232

Secretary Chu and the 'Sputnik Moment' | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

'Sputnik Moment' Addthis Description U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu speaks about China and the Sputnik Moment in US energy Policy at the National Press Club. Remarks...

233

Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe Opportunity The Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) is seeking collaborative research and licensing partners interested in implementing United States Patent Number 7,839,282 entitled "Capacitance Probe for Detection of Anomalies in Nonmetallic Plastic Pipe." Disclosed in this patent is an analysis of materials using a capacitive sensor to detect anomalies in nonmetallic plastic pipe through comparison of measured capacitances. The capacitive sensor is used in conjunction with a capacitance measurement device, a location device, and a processor to generate a capacitance versus location output for the detection and localization of anomalies

234

Superconducting strip in an oblique magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As an example for a seemingly simple but actually intricate problem, we study the Bean critical state in a superconducting strip of finite thickness d and width 2w?d placed in an oblique magnetic field. The analytical solution is obtained to leading order in the small parameter d?w. The critical state depends on how the applied magnetic field is switched on, e.g., at a constant tilt angle, or first the perpendicular and then the parallel field component. For these two basic scenarios we obtain the distributions of current density and magnetic field in the critical states. In particular, we find the shapes of the flux-free core and of the lines separating regions with opposite direction of the critical currents, the detailed magnetic field lines (along the vortex lines), and both components of the magnetic moment. The component of the magnetic moment parallel to the strip plane is a nonmonotonic function of the applied magnetic field.

G. P. Mikitik; E. H. Brandt; M. Indenbom

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

235

Engineering the magnetic properties of the Mn13 cluster by doping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With a goal to produce a giant magnetic moment in a Mn13 cluster that will be useful for practical applications, we have considered the structure and magnetic properties of a pure Mn13 cluster and substitutionally doped ...

Datta, Soumendu

236

Magnetism in Graphene Nanoislands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the magnetic properties of nanometer-sized graphene structures with triangular and hexagonal shapes terminated by zigzag edges. We discuss how the shape of the island, the imbalance in the number of atoms belonging to the two graphene sublattices, the existence of zero-energy states, and the total and local magnetic moment are intimately related. We consider electronic interactions both in a mean-field approximation of the one-orbital Hubbard model and with density functional calculations. Both descriptions yield values for the ground state total spin S consistent with Lieb’s theorem for bipartite lattices. Triangles have a finite S for all sizes whereas hexagons have S=0 and develop local moments above a critical size of ?1.5??nm.

J. Fernández-Rossier and J. J. Palacios

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

237

The electric dipole moment of the neutron from 2+1 flavor lattice QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the electric dipole moment d_n of the neutron from a fully dynamical simulation of lattice QCD with 2+1 flavors of clover fermions and nonvanishing theta term. The latter is rotated into the pseudoscalar density in the fermionic action using the axial anomaly. To make the action real, the vacuum angle theta is taken to be purely imaginary. The physical value of d_n is obtained by analytic continuation. We find d_n = -3.8(2)(9) x 10^{-16} [theta e cm], which, when combined with the experimental limit on d_n, leads to the upper bound theta < 7.6 x 10^{-11}.

Guo, F -K; Meissner, U -G; Nakamura, Y; Perlt, H; Rakow, P E L; Schierholz, G; Schiller, A; Zanotti, J M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Anomaly-induced charges in nucleons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show a novel charge structure of baryons in electromagnetic field due to the chiral anomaly. A key connection is to treat baryons as solitons of mesons. We use Skyrmions to calculate the charge distributions in a single nucleon and find an additional charge. We also perform calculations of charge distribution for classical multi-baryons with B=2, 3,...,8 and 17; they show amusing charge distributions.

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Takaaki Ishii; Yu Maezawa

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

239

Zero-bias anomaly in asymmetric contacts  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Coulomb electron-electron interaction effect on the tunneling conductance of an asymmetric contact consisting of two nonequivalent two-dimensional electron systems, one clean and the other disordered, is considered. It is shown that the zero-bias anomalies typical for symmetric disordered and clean contacts are strongly modified in the asymmetric clean-disordered contact due to more complicated screening effects and appearance of a new collective mode.

Michael Reizer

1998-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Magnetism in small vanadium clusters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using the self-consistent-field molecular-orbital theory and the density-functional approximation, we show that vanadium could become magnetic if its size and dimension were constrained. This is illustrated for vanadium forming clusters with body-centered-cubic (bcc) geometry as well as for linear chains. The magnetic moment of the bcc clusters is found to vanish abruptly as the size increases, while the clusters always retain their moment in the linear-chain configurations. The moments are also found to be finite for large interatomic spacings irrespective of the cluster topology, and tend to vanish when the interatomic distances are reduced. The results are explained by using a simple Stoner criterion.

Feng Liu; S. N. Khanna; P. Jena

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Magnetism of Mn layers on Fe(100)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic state of epitaxial overlayers of Mn grown on Fe(100) is studied using spin-polarized electron energy loss spectroscopy. Nonzero exchange asymmetries are found, demonstrating that the surface layer of the Mn overlayers has a net magnetic moment. The exchange asymmetry oscillates with a period of about two atomic layers as the Mn overlayer thickness is varied, proving that the Mn forms ferromagnetic (100) sheets and that the sheets align antiferromagnetically. The average Mn exchange splitting is found to be 2.9 eV, indicating a magnetic moment of the order 3?B.

T. G. Walker and H. Hopster

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Magnetic impurities in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We used a quantum Monte Carlo method to study the magnetic impurity adatoms on graphene. We found that by tuning the chemical potential we could switch the values of the impurity local magnet moment between relatively large and small values. Our computations of the impurity spectral density found its behavior to differ significantly from that of an impurity in a normal metal and our computations of the charge-charge and spin-spin correlations between the impurity and the conduction-band electrons found them to be strongly suppressed. In general, our results are consistent with those from poor man’s scaling and numerical renormalization group methods.

F. M. Hu; Tianxing Ma; Hai-Qing Lin; J. E. Gubernatis

2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

243

The Generation of Nonaxisymmetric Magnetic Fields in the Giant Planets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the National Science Foundation 1 #12; INTRODUCTION The dipole moments of the magnetic fields of JupiterThe Generation of Nonaxisymmetric Magnetic Fields in the Giant Planets David Moss Mathematics shells, with anisotropic alpha and magnetic diffusivity tensors which are functions of the inverse Rossby

Brandenburg, Axel

244

Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Spin Echoes MIT Department of Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pulsed Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: Spin Echoes MIT Department of Physics (Dated: February 5, 2014) In this experiment, the phenomenon of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is used to determine the magnetic moments-factor in atomic spectroscopy and is given by g = (µ/µN )/I, (2) and µN is the nuclear magneton, e /2mp

Seager, Sara

245

Giant Magnetic Anisotropy of Single Cobalt Atoms and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Giant Magnetic Anisotropy of Single Cobalt Atoms and Nanoparticles P. Gambardella,1,2 * S. Rusponi. Dederichs,5 K. Kern,1,2 C. Carbone,3,5 H. Brune1 The isotropic magnetic moment of a free atom is shown to develop giant magnetic anisotropy energy due to symmetry reduction at an atomically ordered surface

Brune, Harald

246

Defect-induced magnetism in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study from first principles the magnetism in graphene induced by single carbon atom defects. For two types of defects considered in our study, the hydrogen chemisorption defect and the vacancy defect, the itinerant magnetism due to the defect-induced extended states has been observed. Calculated magnetic moments are equal to 1?B per hydrogen chemisorption defect and 1.12–1.53?B per vacancy defect depending on the defect concentration. The coupling between the magnetic moments is either ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic, depending on whether the defects correspond to the same or to different hexagonal sublattices of the graphene lattice, respectively. The relevance of itinerant magnetism in graphene to the high-TC magnetic ordering is discussed.

Oleg V. Yazyev and Lothar Helm

2007-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

247

Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Paper: Lester Meadow, Washington- A Geothermal Anomaly Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Exploration of the Lester Hot Springs for geothermal potential found that a natural meadow adjacent to the hot springs represents a geothermal anomaly. This conclusion is supported by an anomaly in a thermal infrared survey, high levels of fluorine and boron from a soil survey, and the lack forest cover in the Lester meadow. These vegetation anomalies may be more common in the Cascade Mountains than realized and may be a useful indicator of the extent of geothermal activity at a location. Burlington Northern (BN) started conducting geothermal exploration in 1974 once the

248

Magnetism at the surface of transition-metal alloys  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study magnetic properties of transition-metal atoms at the surface of transition-metal alloys. Using two simple models for the local environment dependence of the magnetic moment of transition-metal atoms in transition-metal alloys, we determine the magnetic moments in the first few atomic layers parallel to the surface for various alloy compositions. Results are presented for Ni in Cu-Ni alloys. Results for different surface directions are given. Segregation and short-range order are taken into account. One finds that the magnetic properties at the surface of the alloys are strongly affected by surface segregation. Furthermore, in view of our results one expects changes in the magnetic behavior of transition-metal alloys due to chemisorption. We expect that surface studies are a reasonable tool to study the dependence of magnetic moments on local atomic environment.

J. L. Morán-López; F. Brouers; K. H. Bennemann

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Probing top-Z dipole moments at the LHC and ILC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the weak electric and magnetic dipole moments of top quark-Z boson interactions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC). Their vanishingly small magnitude in the Standard Model makes these couplings ideal for probing New Physics interactions and for exploring the role of top quarks in electroweak symmetry breaking. In our analysis, we consider the production of two top quarks in association with a Z boson at the LHC, and top quark pairs mediated by neutral gauge bosons at the ILC. These processes yield direct sensitivity to top quark-Z boson interactions and complement indirect constraints from electroweak precision data. Our computation is accurate to next-to-leading order in QCD, we include the full decay chain of top quarks and the Z boson, and account for theoretical uncertainties in our constraints. We find that LHC experiments will soon be able to probe weak dipole moments for the first time.

Raoul Röntsch; Markus Schulze

2015-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

250

Probing top-Z dipole moments at the LHC and ILC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the weak electric and magnetic dipole moments of top quark-Z boson interactions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC). Their vanishingly small magnitude in the Standard Model makes these couplings ideal for probing New Physics interactions and for exploring the role of top quarks in electroweak symmetry breaking. In our analysis, we consider the production of two top quarks in association with a Z boson at the LHC, and top quark pairs mediated by neutral gauge bosons at the ILC. These processes yield direct sensitivity to top quark-Z boson interactions and complement indirect constraints from electroweak precision data. Our computation is accurate to next-to-leading order in QCD, we include the full decay chain of top quarks and the Z boson, and account for theoretical uncertainties in our constraints. We find that LHC experiments will soon be able to probe weak dipole moments for the first time.

Röntsch, Raoul

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mt Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A ground magnetic survey located no anomaly with an amplitude of more than 20 or 30 gammas that could be associated with the thermal anomaly, however the magnetic data did outline the Cretaceous stock in great detail and allow the removal from the gravity field of the effect of the stock. References D. D. Blackwell (Unknown) Exploration In A Blind Geothermal Area Near Marysville, Montana, Usa Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Marysville_Mt_Area_(Blackwell)&oldid=389390"

252

Induced dipole-moment function of HD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The induced dipole-moment function for a pair of HD molecules contains components having different angular symmetries from those occurring for pairs of homonuclear molecules, H2 or D2. These additional components arise from a coordinate transformation from the vector describing the separation between the centers of interaction to the vector describing the separation between the centers of mass. By use of a Taylor-series expansion, general expressions for the first-order shifted components for both multipolar and overlap induction mechanisms, and specific results for higher-order multipole-induced shifted components, are given. The importance of these additional components for the calculation of the intensities of zero-phonon transitions in solid HD is illustrated by several examples, and predicted intensities for the strongest unmeasured transitions are given.

J. D. Poll; M. Attia; R. H. Tipping

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

RECENT RESULTS ABOUT MOMENT PROBLEMS1 Christian Berg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Christian Berg Dept. of Mathematics, University of Copenhagen;2 CHRISTIAN BERG In the fundamental work of Hamburger [19] the theory of the moment problem was extended

Berg, Christian

254

Nuclear moment of inertia and spin distribution of nuclear levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We introduce a simple model to calculate the nuclear moment of inertia at finite temperature. This moment of inertia describes the spin distribution of nuclear levels in the framework of the spin-cutoff model. Our model is based on a deformed single-particle Hamiltonian with pairing interaction and takes into account fluctuations in the pairing gap. We derive a formula for the moment of inertia at finite temperature that generalizes the Belyaev formula for zero temperature. We show that a number-parity projection explains the strong odd-even effects observed in shell model Monte Carlo studies of the nuclear moment of inertia in the iron region.

Y. Alhassid; G. F. Bertsch; L. Fang; S. Liu

2005-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

255

CFD Combustion Modeling with Conditional Moment Closure using Tabulated Chemistry  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A method is presented that allows for efficient conditional moment closure combustion simulations through the use of a progress variable based parameterization of the combustion chemistry.

256

Chiral Magnetic Effect from Q-balls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We apply a generic framework of linear sigma models for revealing a mechanism of the mysterious phenomenon, the chiral magnetic effect, in quark-gluon plasma. An electric current arises along a background magnetic field, which is given rise to by Q-balls (non-topological solitons) of the linear sigma model with axial anomaly. We find additional alternating current due to quark mass terms. The hadronic Q-balls, baby boson stars, may be created in heavy-ion collisions.

Minoru Eto; Koji Hashimoto; Hideaki Iida; Akitsugu Miwa

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

257

Critical point anomalies include expansion shock waves  

SciTech Connect

From first-principle fluid dynamics, complemented by a rigorous state equation accounting for critical anomalies, we discovered that expansion shock waves may occur in the vicinity of the liquid-vapor critical point in the two-phase region. Due to universality of near-critical thermodynamics, the result is valid for any common pure fluid in which molecular interactions are only short-range, namely, for so-called 3-dimensional Ising-like systems, and under the assumption of thermodynamic equilibrium. In addition to rarefaction shock waves, diverse non-classical effects are admissible, including composite compressive shock-fan-shock waves, due to the change of sign of the fundamental derivative of gasdynamics.

Nannan, N. R., E-mail: ryan.nannan@uvs.edu [Mechanical Engineering Discipline, Anton de Kom University of Suriname, Leysweg 86, PO Box 9212, Paramaribo, Suriname and Process and Energy Department, Delft University of Technology, Leeghwaterstraat 44, 2628 CA Delft (Netherlands); Guardone, A., E-mail: alberto.guardone@polimi.it [Department of Aerospace Science and Technology, Politecnico di Milano, Via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano (Italy); Colonna, P., E-mail: p.colonna@tudelft.nl [Propulsion and Power, Delft University of Technology, Kluyverweg 1, 2629 HS Delft (Netherlands)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Seismic amplitude anomalies at Mestena Grande field  

SciTech Connect

Mestena Grande field is located in northeast Jim Hogg County, Texas. Gas and condensate are produced from the middle lobe of the middle Eocene Queen City Formation. The Queen City is approximately 100 ft thick and the middle lobe, the main reservoir, is only 30 ft thick, which is well below tuning thickness. Porosities in the producing sands are generally 15-25% and permeabilities are usually 15-25 md, the maximum being about 80 md. The most recent seismic data exhibit amplitude anomalies that have some correspondence with the production. The strongest amplitudes are from the vicinity of the better wells and increase with offset. Most of the dry holes are on weak amplitudes that decrease with offset. Modeling the AVO response of a productive well, however, has predicted an amplitude decrease with offset. This disagreement is attributed to the lack of accurate shear wave velocities and the very thinly laminated sands.

Burnett, R. (Union Texas Petroleum, Houston, TX (USA))

1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Magnetic properties of dredged oceanic gabbros and the source of marine magnetic anomalies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Is the Troodos massif of Cyprus a fragment of Mesozoic ocean floor? Nature, 200, Gas, I. G. & Smewing, J...from the Troodos massif, Cyprus,Nature, 242, 26-29...1971. The Troodos Massif, Cyprus and other ophiolites as oceanic......

D. V. Kent; B. M. Honnorez; N. D. Opdyke; P. J. Fox

1978-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

High-precision description and new properties of a spin-1 particle in a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The exact Foldy-Wouthuysen Hamiltonian is derived for a pointlike spin-1 particle with a normal magnetic moment in a nonuniform magnetic field. For a uniform magnetic field, it is exactly separated into terms linear and quadratic in spin. New unexpected properties of a particle with an anomalous magnetic moment are found. Spin projections of a particle moving in a uniform magnetic field are not integer and the tensor polarization is asymmetric in the plane orthogonal to the field. Previously described spin-tensor effects caused by the tensor magnetic polarizability exist not only for nuclei but also for pointlike particles.

Alexander J. Silenko

2014-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Nuclear Spin, Hyperfine Structure, and Nuclear Moments of 64-Hour Yttrium-90  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The atomic-beam magnetic-resonance method has been used to measure the nuclear spin and hyperfine-structure separations of 64-hour Y90. The results are I=2, a(D322)=-169.749(7) Mc/sec, b(D322)=-21.602(27) Mc/sec, a(D522)=-85.258(6) Mc/sec, b(D522)=-29.716(38) Mc/sec. The uncorrected nuclear moments calculated from these measurements are ?I=-1.623(8) nm, Q=-0.155(3) b.

F. Russell Petersen and Howard A. Shugart

1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Study By Spin Tracking of A Storage Ring For Deuteron Electric Dipole Moment  

SciTech Connect

Spin tracking of polarized deuterons for a proposed experiment to measure a possible Electric Dipole Moment (EDM) of the deuteron was done by using the codes UAL and SPINK. In the experiment the direction of spin polarization will be frozen using crossed electric and magnetic fields. Systematics, in particular the effects of non-linearities of the lattice on a beam with finite emittance and energy spread, have been extensively simulated and the effect of sextuple corrections to increase the spin coherence time has been studied.

Lin, F.; Malitsky, N. D.; Luccio, A. U.; Morse, W. M.; Semertzidis, Y. K. [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY (United States); Onderwater, C. J. G. [University of Groningen, NL-9747AA Groningen (Netherlands); Orlov, Y. F. [Cornell University, Ithaca, NY (United States)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

263

Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Detection of Surface Temperature Anomalies in the Coso Geothermal Field Using Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: We use thermal infrared (TIR) data from the spaceborne ASTER instrument to detect surface temperature anomalies in the Coso geothermal field in eastern California. The identification of such anomalies in a known geothermal area serves as an incentive to apply similar markers and techniques to areas of unknown geothermal potential. We carried out field measurements concurrently with the collection of ASTER images. The field

264

Anomalies of discrete symmetries in various dimensions and group cohomology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study 't Hooft anomalies for discrete global symmetries in bosonic theories in 2, 3 and 4 dimensions. We show that such anomalies may arise in gauge theories with topological terms in the action, if the total symmetry group is a nontrivial extension of the global symmetry by the gauge symmetry. Sometimes the 't Hooft anomaly for a d-dimensional theory with a global symmetry G can be canceled by anomaly inflow from a (d+1)-dimensional topological gauge theory with gauge group G. Such d-dimensional theories can live on the surfaces of Symmetry Protected Topological Phases. We also give examples of theories with more severe 't Hooft anomalies which cannot be canceled in this way.

Anton Kapustin; Ryan Thorngren

2014-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

265

Enhancement of magnetic data by stable downward continuation for UXO applications Yaoguo Li and Sarah Devriese*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surface. For example, the magnetic sensor height in a typical man-portable system or a vehicle techniques currently in use for UXO detection and discrimination. The use of magnetic data in UXO and discriminating UXO. Detection of UXO through magnetic data depends on identifying dipole-like anomalies, while

266

residual magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetization, i.e., the magnetic polarization, that remains in a magnetized material after all attempts to remove the magnetization have been made. Note: An example of residual magnetization is the magnetiza...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Self-excited vibrations in turning: cutting moment analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work aims at analysing the moment effects at the tool tip point and at the central axis, in the framework of a turning process. A testing device in turning, including a six-component dynamometer, is used to measure the complete torsor of the cutting actions in the case of self-excited vibrations. Many results are obtained regarding the mechanical actions torsor. A confrontation of the moment components at the tool tip and at the central axis is carried out. It clearly appears that analysing moments at the central axis avoids the disturbances induced by the transport of the moment of the mechanical actions resultant at the tool tip point. For instance, the order relation between the components of the forces is single. Furthermore, the order relation between the moments components expressed at the tool tip point is also single and the same one. But at the central axis, two different order relations regarding moments are conceivable. A modification in the rolling moment localization in the (y, z) tool plan is associated to these two order relations. Thus, the moments components at the central axis are particularly sensitive at the disturbances of machining, here the self-excited vibrations.

Olivier Cahuc; Jean-Yves K'Nevez; Alain Gérard; Philippe Darnis; Gaëtan Albert; Claudiu F. Bisu; Céline Gérard

2010-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

268

Electron Electric Dipole Moment induced by Octet-Colored Scalars  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An appended sector of two octet-colored scalars, each an electroweak doublet, is an interesting extension of the simple two Higgs doublet model motivated by the minimal flavor violation. Their rich CP violating interaction gives rise to a sizable electron electric dipole moment, besides the quark electric dipole moment via the two-loop contribution of Barr-Zee mechanism.

Jae Ho Heo; Wai-Yee Keung

2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

Spin Structure Moments of the Proton and Deuteron  

SciTech Connect

Moments of the spin structure functions g1 and g2 of the proton and deuteron have been measured in the resonance region at intermediate four momentum transfer. We perform a Nachtmann moment analysis of this data, along with isovector and isoscalar combinations, in order to rigorously account for target mass effects. This analysis provides the first definitive evidence for dynamic higher twists.

Slifer, Karl; Rondon-Aramayo, Oscar; Aghalaryan, Aram; Ahmidouch, Abdellah; Asaturyan, Razmik; Bloch, Frederic; Boeglin, Werner; Bosted, Peter; Carasco, Cedric; Carlini, Roger; Cha, Jinseok; Chen, Jian-Ping; Christy, Michael; Cole, Leon; Coman, Luminita; Crabb, Donald; Danagoulian, Samuel; Day, Donal; Dunne, James; Elaasar, Mostafa; Ent, Rolf; Fenker, Howard; Frlez, Emil; Gaskell, David; Gan, Liping; Gomez, Javier; Hu, Bitao; Jourdan, Juerg; Jones, Mark; Keith, Christopher; Keppel, Cynthia; Khandaker, Mahbubul; Klein, Andreas; Kramer, Laird; Liang, Yongguang; Lichtenstadt, Jechiel; Lindgren, Richard; Mack, David; McKee, Paul; McNulty, Dustin; Meekins, David; Mkrtchyan, Hamlet; Nasseripour, Rakhsha; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Normand, Kristoff; Norum, Blaine; Pocanic, Dinko; Prok, Yelena; Raue, Brian; Reinhold, Joerg; Roche, Julie; Rohe, Daniela; Savvinov, Nikolai; Sawatzky, Bradley; Seely, Mikell; Sick, Ingo; Smith, C.; Smith, G.; Stepanyan, Samuel; Tang, Liguang; Tajima, Shigeyuki; Testa, Giuseppe; Vulcan, William; Wang, Kebin; Warren, G.; Wesselmann, Frank; Wood, Stephen; Yan, Chen; Yuan, Lulin; Yun, Junho; Zeier, Markus; Guo Zhu, Hong

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Analysis and modelling of the aeromagnetic anomalies of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a crustal magnetic model of the volcanic island of Gran Canaria based on aeromagnetic data. This magnetic study has made it possible to constrain the location and geometry of: (1) the mafic core of Gran Canaria, built as the result of the crystallization of magmas which rose from the mantle during the submarine and shield basaltic stages of its evolution. The most intense magnetic high, displayed over the NW part of the island likely shows the main feeding system of the shield volcano; (2) the residual syenitic shallow magma chamber which fed the salic volcanic activity in the center of the island, linked to the formation of the Tejeda caldera and to the intrusion of felsic rocks which made up a cone sheet; (3) a reversely magnetized linear intrusion located in the marine area to the NW of the island, which could be related to the magmatic source of the submarine volcanism between Gran Canaria and Tenerife. Most of these magnetic sources show a linear pattern with trends that are in close agreement with the orientations of previously identified fractures. The magmatic intrusion to the NW of the island could be related with a WSW–ENE active fault between Gran Canaria and Tenerife, while the main trend and location of the mafic core agree with a NW–SE fault suggested by geological studies. This means that these magnetic sources are the result of the ascent and intrusion of magma along regional fractures. Therefore, this study provides fresh data which demonstrate the influence of regional tectonics on the growth of Gran Canaria during its entire evolution. Finally, the spectral analysis of the magnetic anomaly map suggests that it is possible that rocks located at mantle-like depths (from the Moho to about 23 km) behave as magnetic sources, a fact that can be related with the magmatic underplating detected by other geophysical techniques.

Isabel Blanco-Montenegro; J.Miquel Torta; Alicia Garc??a; Vicente Araña

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

ARM - Evaluation Product - Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsCorrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates ProductsCorrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates Site(s) SGP TWP General Description Raw moments from the scanning ARM precipitation radars (SAPRs) are subject to a number of instrumental and atmospheric phenomena that must be retrieved and corrected for. The Corrected Moments in Antenna Coordinates (CMAC) value-added product contains both raw data and fields that have been processed to: · correct for velocity aliasing · unfold and generate a cross-polarimetric phase difference that is monotonically increasing, removing impulses caused by non-uniform beam filling and phase shift on backscatter · recalculate specific differential phase using a 20-point Sobel filter on

272

Nuclear Electric Dipole Moment of 3He  

SciTech Connect

A permanent electric dipole moment (EDM) of a physical system would require time-reversal (T) violation, which is equivalent to charge-conjugation-parity (CP) violation by CPT invariance. Experimental programs are currently pushing the limits on EDMs in atoms, nuclei, and the neutron to regimes of fundamental theoretical interest. Nuclear EDMs can be studied at ion storage rings with sensitivities that may be competitive with atomic and neutron measurements. Here we calculate the magnitude of the CP-violating EDM of {sup 3}He and the expected sensitivity of such a measurement to the underlying CP-violating interactions. Assuming that the coupling constants are of comparable magnitude for {pi}-, {rho}-, and {omega}-exchanges, we find that the pion-exchange contribution dominates. Finally, our results suggest that a measurement of the {sup 3}He EDM is complementary to the planned neutron and deuteron experiments, and could provide a powerful constraint for the theoretical models of the pion-nucleon P,T-violating interaction.

Stetcu, I; P.Liu, C; Friar, J L; Hayes, A C; Navratil, P

2008-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

273

The search for permanent electric dipole moments  

SciTech Connect

Permanent electric dipole moments (EDMs) of fundamental systems with spin - particles, nuclei, atoms or molecules violate parity and time reversal invariance. Invoking the CPT theorem, time reversal violation implies CP violation. Although CP-violation is implemented in the standard electro-weak theory, EDM generated this way remain undetectably small. However, this CP-violation also appears to fail explaining the observed baryon asymmetry of our universe. Extensions of the standard theory usually include new sources of CP violation and often predict sizeable EDMs. EDM searches in different systems are complementary and various efforts worldwide are underway and no finite value has been established yet. The prototype of an EDM search is the pursuit of the EDM of the neutron. It has the longest history and at the same time is at the forefront of present research. The talk aims at giving an overview of the field with emphasis on our efforts within an international collaboration at PSI, nedm.web.psi.ch.

Kirch, Klaus [PSI-Villigen - ETH Zürich

2013-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

274

Neutron electric dipole moment on the lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We carry out a feasibility study toward a lattice QCD calculation of the neutron electric dipole moment (NEDM) in the presence of the $\\theta$ term using two different approaches. In the first method, we calculate the CP-odd electromagnetic form factor $F_3$, which becomes the NEDM in the zero momentum transfer limit. At the first order in $\\theta$, we derive a formula connecting the lattice three-point function to the CP-odd electromagnetic form factor. In the second method we directly extract the NEDM from the energy difference between spin-up and spin-down neutron states in the presence of a constant electric field, without expanding a small but non-zero $\\theta$. We test both approaches numerically, employing the domain-wall quark action with the RG improved gauge action in quenched QCD at $a^{-1}\\simeq 2$ GeV on a $16^3\\times 32\\times 16$ lattice, and further applying the second method to the clover quark action at a similar lattice spacing and nucleon mass. We obtain good signals from both approaches. In particular the second method works well with both fermion formulations.

Eigo Shintani; S. Aoki; N. Ishizuka; K. Kanaya; Y. Kikukawa; Y. Kuramashi; M. Okawa; A. Ukawa; T. Yoshié

2005-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

275

Electric Dipole Moments in the MSSM Reloaded  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of the Thallium, neutron, Mercury and deuteron electric dipole moments (EDMs) in the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM). We take into account the complete set of one-loop graphs, the dominant Higgs-mediated two-loop diagrams, the complete CP-odd dimension-six Weinberg operator and the Higgs-mediated four-fermion operators. We improve upon earlier calculations by including the resummation effects due to CP-violating Higgs-boson mixing and to threshold corrections to the Yukawa couplings of all up- and down-type quarks and charged leptons. As an application of our study, we analyse the EDM constraints on the CPX, trimixing and Maximally CP- and Minimally Flavour-Violating (MCPMFV) scenarios. Cancellations may occur among the CP-violating contributions to the three measured EDMs arising from the 6 CP-violating phases in the MCPMFV scenario, leaving open the possibility of relatively large contributions to other CP-violating observables. The anal...

Ellis, Jonathan Richard; Pilaftsis, Apostolos

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Electric Dipole Moments in the MSSM Reloaded  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a detailed study of the Thallium, neutron, Mercury and deuteron electric dipole moments (EDMs) in the CP-violating Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM). We take into account the complete set of one-loop graphs, the dominant Higgs-mediated two-loop diagrams, the complete CP-odd dimension-six Weinberg operator and the Higgs-mediated four-fermion operators. We improve upon earlier calculations by including the resummation effects due to CP-violating Higgs-boson mixing and to threshold corrections to the Yukawa couplings of all up- and down-type quarks and charged leptons. As an application of our study, we analyse the EDM constraints on the CPX, trimixing and Maximally CP- and Minimally Flavour-Violating (MCPMFV) scenarios. Cancellations may occur among the CP-violating contributions to the three measured EDMs arising from the 6 CP-violating phases in the MCPMFV scenario, leaving open the possibility of relatively large contributions to other CP-violating observables. The analytic expressions for the EDMs are implemented in an updated version of the code CPsuperH2.0.

John Ellis; Jae Sik Lee; Apostolos Pilaftsis

2008-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

277

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomalies including refractive Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

index anomalies, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q10005, doi:10... of clear, dif- fuse, hydrothermal fluids by tracking of refractive index anomalies related to changes......

278

Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of electromagnetic moments and transitions in A{<=}9 nuclei including meson-exchange currents derived from chiral effective field theory  

SciTech Connect

Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of electromagnetic moments and transitions are reported for A{<=}9 nuclei. The realistic Argonne v{sub 18} two-nucleon and Illinois-7 three-nucleon potentials are used to generate the nuclear wave functions. Contributions of two-body meson-exchange current (MEC) operators are included for magnetic moments and M1 transitions. The MEC operators have been derived in both a standard nuclear physics approach and a chiral effective field theory formulation with pions and nucleons including up to one-loop corrections. The two-body MEC contributions provide significant corrections and lead to very good agreement with experiment. Their effect is particularly pronounced in the A=9, T=3/2 systems, in which they provide up to ~20% (~40%) of the total predicted value for the {sup 9}Li ({sup 9}C) magnetic moment.

Saori Pastore, S.C. Pieper, Rocco Schiavilla, Robert Wiringa

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in water–tert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies  

SciTech Connect

Water–tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with x{sub TBA} ? 0.03–0.07. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at x{sub TBA} ? 0.05. We note that “islands” of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak nonlinearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, x{sub TBA} ? 0.45, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

Banerjee, Saikat; Furtado, Jonathan; Bagchi, Biman, E-mail: bbagchi@sscu.iisc.ernet.in [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)] [SSCU, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

280

Fluctuating micro-heterogeneity in water - tert-butyl alcohol mixtures and lambda-type divergence of the mean cluster size with phase transition-like multiple anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water - tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) binary mixture exhibits a large number of thermodynamic and dynamic anomalies. These anomalies are observed at surprisingly low TBA mole fraction, with $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.03 - 0.07$. We demonstrate here that the origin of the anomalies lies in the local structural changes that occur due to self-aggregation of TBA molecules. We observe a percolation transition of the TBA molecules at $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.05$. We note that "islands" of TBA clusters form even below this mole fraction, while a large spanning cluster emerges above that mole fraction. At this percolation threshold, we observe a lambda-type divergence in the fluctuation of the size of the largest TBA cluster, reminiscent of a critical point. Alongside, the structure of water is also perturbed, albeit weakly, by the aggregation of TBA molecules. There is a monotonic decrease in the tetrahedral order parameter of water, while the dipole moment correlation shows a weak non-linearity. Interestingly, water molecules themselves exhibit a reverse percolation transition at higher TBA concentration, $x_{\\text{TBA}} \\approx 0.45$, where large spanning water clusters now break-up into small clusters. This is accompanied by significant divergence of the fluctuations in the size of largest water cluster. This second transition gives rise to another set of anomalies around. Both the percolation transitions can be regarded as manifestations of Janus effect at small molecular level.

Saikat Banerjee; Jonathan Furtado; Biman Bagchi

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Sixteen-moment approximation for a collisionless space plasma: Waves and instabilities  

SciTech Connect

A study is carried out of waves and instabilities in an anisotropic collisionless plasma. In a strongly magnetized plasma, the velocity distributions along and across the magnetic field lines are different, which results in anisotropy of the total pressure and gives rise to an anisotropic heat flux. The fluid description of the plasma is based on the 16-moment integral transport equations, which are integral equations obtained from the Boltzmann-Vlasov kinetic equation. For small incompressible perturbations in a homogeneous plasma, the general dispersion relation implies that there are not only firehose modes, but also three additional modes, and that all four wave modes interact with each other if a heat flux is present. Heat fluxes do not change the properties of conventional firehose modes. The conditions for the onset of instabilities are investigated as functions of the parameters of the problems. Qualitative estimates for conditions typical of the solar corona are presented.

Kuznetsov, V. D. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation (Russian Federation); Dzhalilov, N. S. [Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Shemakha Astrophysical Observatory (Azerbaijan)

2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

282

The physical observer II: Gauge and diff anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a companion paper we studied field theory in the presence of a physical observer with quantum dynamics. Here we describe the most striking consequence of this assumption: new gauge and diff anomalies arise. The relevant cocycles depend on the observer's spacetime trajectory and can hence not appear in QFT, where this quantity is never introduced. Diff anomalies necessarily arise in every locally nontrivial, non-holographic theory of quantum gravity. Cancellation of the divergent parts of the anomalies only works if spacetime has four dimensions.

T. A. Larsson

2008-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

283

Solar Eclipse Anomalies and Wave Refraction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is some inconclusive evidence that measurement devices sensitive to local gravitation exhibit anomalous behaviour during solar eclipses. We investigate if these findings can be incorporated into the standard general relativistic model of gravitation. The General Theory of Relativity (GTR) describes gravitation as the response of an object to local spacetime curvature. Gravitational waves travelling at the speed of light are then a necessary mechanism to maintain the required consistency between local curvature and distant gravitating mass. Gravitational waves will certainly be subject to refraction by bodies such as the moon and we explore if such an effect can result in an error in the apparent position of the sources and thereby give rise to the characteristic pattern of response associated with the eclipse anomaly. It is found there are phenomenological similarities, but only if gravitational waves are considered not merely to respond to spacetime curvature but are also significantly affected by the presence of mass, perhaps in a manner analogous to electromagnetic waves propagating through matter.

Alasdair Macleod

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

284

Accurate estimation of third-order moments from turbulence measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Politano and Pouquet's law, a generalization of Kolmogorov's four-fifths law to incompressible MHD, makes it possible to measure the energy cascade rate in incompressible MHD turbulence by means of third-order moments. In hydrodynamics, accurate measurement of third-order moments requires large amounts of data because the probability distributions of velocity-differences are nearly symmetric and the third-order moments are relatively small. Measurements of the energy cascade rate in solar wind turbulence have recently been performed for the first time, but without careful consideration of the accuracy or statistical uncertainty of the required third-order moments. This paper investigates the statistical convergence of third-order moments as a function of the sample size N. It is shown that the accuracy of the third-moment depends on the number of correlation lengths spanned by the data set and a method of estimating the statistical uncertainty of the third-moment is developed. The technique is illustrated usi...

Podesta, J J; Smith, C W; Elton, D C; Malecot, Y; Gagne, Y

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 3D Magnetotelluric Characterization Of The Geothermal Anomaly In The Llucmajor Aquifer System (Majorca, Spain) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: In the Llucmajor aquifer system (Majorca Island, Spain) some geothermal evidences have appeared. This phenomenon is not isolated to Majorca and it is present in other areas, where it can be associated with structural conditions, especially to the extensional event suffered by the island after the Alpine Orogeny. However, the origin of this anomaly in Llucmajor is not well known, and there is no surface geological evidence of

286

Diagnostic Studies of Rainfall Anomalies in Northeast Brazil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The large-scale atmospheric circulation of the Brazil-Atlantic sector is studied in relation to extreme rainfall anomalies in two large regions of Northeast Brazil (Nordeste). Long-term rainfall series, aerological records of stations in South ...

Pao-Shin Chu

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

An adaptive elliptical anomaly detection model for wireless sensor networks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) provide a low cost option for monitoring different environments such as farms, forests and water and electricity networks. However, the restricted energy resources of the network impede the collection of raw monitoring data from all the nodes to a single location for analysis. This has stimulated research into efficient anomaly detection techniques to extract information about unusual events such as malicious attacks or faulty sensors at each node. Many previous anomaly detection methods have relied on centralized processing of measurement data, which is highly communication intensive. In this paper, we present an efficient algorithm to detect anomalies in a decentralized manner. In particular, we propose a novel adaptive model for anomaly detection, as well as a robust method for modeling normal behavior. Our evaluation results on both real-life and simulated data sets demonstrate the accuracy of our approach compared to existing methods.

Masud Moshtaghi; Christopher Leckie; Shanika Karunasekera; Sutharshan Rajasegarar

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Shallow...

289

Large Amplitude Flow Anomalies in Northern Hemisphere Midlatitudes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The composite of large amplitude flow anomalies identified from extremely large amplitudes of the planetary-scale waves is examined in terms of the temporal and spatial evolution of both the large-scale flow and the storm tracks. The ...

Anthony R. Hansen; Alfonso Sutera

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Intuitive explanation of the phase anomaly of focused light beams  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An intuitive argument is presented for the phase anomaly, that is, the 180° phase shift of a light wave in passing through a focus. The treatment is based on the geometrical...

Boyd, Robert W

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Magnetic Isotope Effect in the Photolysis of Organotin Compounds  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Fractionation of isotopes in chemical and biochemical reactions is induced by two isotope effects; their origin and physical nature are shown in Figure 1. ... The classical isotope effect (CIE) sorts isotopic nuclei on their masses; the magnetic isotope effect (MIE) demonstrates nuclear spin selectivity of reactions and separates isotopic nuclei according to their magnetic moments.1 ...

Anatoly L. Buchachenko; Vladimir L. Ivanov; Vitaly A. Roznyatovsky; Yuri A. Ustynyuk

2006-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

292

Spontaneous phase transitions in magnetic films with a modulated structure  

SciTech Connect

The influence of monoperiodic and biperiodic bias fields on the nucleation of domain structures in quasi-uniaxial magnetic films near the Curie point has been studied experimentally. The main types of observed nonuniform magnetic moment distributions have been established and chains of a devil's staircase phase transitions are shown to be realized when the films are slowly cooled.

Arzamastseva, G. V.; Evtikhov, M. G.; Lisovskii, F. V., E-mail: lisf@rambler.ru; Mansvetova, E. G. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotelnikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics, Fryazino Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Limits on Intrinsic Magnetism in Graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have studied magnetization of graphene nanocrystals obtained by sonic exfoliation of graphite. No ferromagnetism is detected at any temperature down to 2 K. Neither do we find strong paramagnetism expected due to the massive amount of edge defects. Rather, graphene is strongly diamagnetic, similar to graphite. Our nanocrystals exhibit only a weak paramagnetic contribution noticeable below 50 K. The measurements yield a single species of defects responsible for the paramagnetism, with approximately one magnetic moment per typical graphene crystallite.

M. Sepioni; R. R. Nair; S. Rablen; J. Narayanan; F. Tuna; R. Winpenny; A. K. Geim; I. V. Grigorieva

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

294

A New Methodology for Early Anomaly Detection of BWR Instabilities  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the performed research is to develop an early anomaly detection methodology so as to enhance safety, availability, and operational flexibility of Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) nuclear power plants. The technical approach relies on suppression of potential power oscillations in BWRs by detecting small anomalies at an early stage and taking appropriate prognostic actions based on an anticipated operation schedule. The research utilizes a model of coupled (two-phase) thermal-hydraulic and neutron flux dynamics, which is used as a generator of time series data for anomaly detection at an early stage. The model captures critical nonlinear features of coupled thermal-hydraulic and nuclear reactor dynamics and (slow time-scale) evolution of the anomalies as non-stationary parameters. The time series data derived from this nonlinear non-stationary model serves as the source of information for generating the symbolic dynamics for characterization of model parameter changes that quantitatively represent small anomalies. The major focus of the presented research activity was on developing and qualifying algorithms of pattern recognition for power instability based on anomaly detection from time series data, which later can be used to formulate real-time decision and control algorithms for suppression of power oscillations for a variety of anticipated operating conditions. The research being performed in the framework of this project is essential to make significant improvement in the capability of thermal instability analyses for enhancing safety, availability, and operational flexibility of currently operating and next generation BWRs.

Ivanov, K. N.

2005-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

295

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Wednesday, 31 August 2011 00:00 From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

296

ARM - Evaluation Product - Mapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ProductsMapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid ProductsMapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Mapped Moments to a Cartesian Grid Site(s) SGP TWP General Description The Scanning ARM precipitation radars produce measurements of raw radar moments in antenna coordinates of range from and the azimuth and elevation of the antenna. Most numerical representations of the atmosphere tend to be in a Cartesian coordinate system using either height above mean sea level (or land surface in sigma coordinates) or pressure levels as a vertical scale. In addition to applying a correction for radar aliasing, correcting cross polarimetric phase difference for second trip returns and folding, recalculating specific differential phase (due to a configuration error on

297

On powers of Stieltjes moment sequences, II Christian Berg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On powers of Stieltjes moment sequences, II Christian Berg Department of Mathematics, University measure µ on [0, [ such that (1) holds; Email address: berg@math.ku.dk (Christian Berg). Preprint

Berg, Christian

298

RECENT RESULTS ABOUT MOMENT PROBLEMS 1 Christian Berg  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RECENT RESULTS ABOUT MOMENT PROBLEMS 1 Christian Berg Dept. of Mathematics, University. Typeset by A M S­T E X 1 #12; 2 CHRISTIAN BERG In the fundamental work of Hamburger [19] the theory

Berg, Christian

299

Strong CP violation and the neutron electric dipole moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We derive an identity that relates the fermion electric dipole moment from weak CP-violation effects to the strong CP parameter ?. In the absence of Peccei-Quinn-type symmetries, we find that requiring ? naturally small generally implies that, for a large class of models, the dominant contribution to the neutron electric dipole moment dn comes from strong CP violation rather than directly from weak CP-violation effects.

Jiang Liu; C. Q. Geng; John N. Ng

1989-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

300

Novel theory of the HD dipole moment. I. Theory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel theory of the electric dipole moments of homopolar but isotopically asymmetric molecules (such as HD, HT, or DT) is formulated, such that electrical asymmetry and the resulting dipole moment arise as purely electronic properties within a suitable Born-Oppenheimer approximation, and nonadiabatic (rovibronic) perturbations play no part in the theory. It is shown thereby that a much simpler and more direct explanation for these dipole moments can be given than that invoking non- adiabatic perturbations: The dipole moment arises from isotopic variation of the local effective electronic reduced mass and its effects on binding energies and sizes of orbitals. It is an odd function of the isotopic splitting parameter ?0=(1/2)?m/?, where ?=(MA-MB)/(MA+MB) is the nuclear mass asymmetry for nuclei A,B and (m/?) is the electron-nuclear mass ratio (for HD, this parameter is 1.36×10-4). A canonical transformation exhibiting these effects (in the form of an asymmetric effective potential) is the basis for the new formulation. Since ?0 is small the resulting dipole moment function is essentially linear in ?0, and hence the dipole moment functions for HT and DT may be computed by rescaling the results for HD. Since the problem is purely electronic in the new formulation, variational and convergence studies are easy to carry out. In this and the following paper we formulate the new theory in detail and carry out variation-perturbation calculations of the HD dipole moment. The results are in good agreement with theoretical results obtained by nonadiabatic perturbation theory and demonstrate that this approach to isotopically induced dipole moments is valid.

W. R. Thorson; J. H. Choi; S. K. Knudson

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Magnetism of iron. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A previously developed theory of the magnetism of iron, based upon the notion of a randomized exchange field, is modified and extended. It is shown that Coulomb fields arise in association with the randomized exchange field; the modification allows one to take into account these fields, which are found to change the details of the previous results without affecting the main conclusions. The theory has been extended to calculate the properties of the model at finite temperatures: the Curie temperature (1840 K), the magnetization curve, the paramagnetic susceptibility (a Curie-Weiss law), and the effective interatomic exchange coupling are calculated for iron. The magnitudes of the atomic spin moments were found to vary little up to 1.5 times the Curie temperature.

J. Hubbard

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Magnetism of Europium Garnet  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theoretical expressions for the magnetic moment of a trivalent europium ion in a molecular field arising from exchange are applied to Pauthenet's measurements on europium iron garnet. It is a good approximation to assume that the exchange interaction stems entirely from the coupling with the iron atoms, which greatly simplifies the theory since the molecular field on the europium is then an impressed one and does not have to be determined self-consistently. The calculated variation of the magnetization with temperature is in excellent accord with experiment. The magnitude of the exchange interaction is compared with that in the other rare earth iron garnets; it is almost exactly the same as in gadolinium iron garnet.

W. P. Wolf and J. H. Van Vleck

1960-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

A magnetic spectrometer measurement of the charge ratio of energetic cosmic ray muons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

" of 35 Bev. Th, . " periment has been carried out with a magnetic momentum spectrometer-telescope consisting of two separate solid- izon magnets in conjun tinn iwith detectors of penetrating ionizing particles. The incident particles recorded were... directions of the particles as they entered the top magnet and the exit directions from the lower magnet. The magnitudes and directions of the deflections in the known magnetic field have then been used to determine the moments and charges...

Bateman, Benjamin Jefferson

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

304

Exposure to Magnetic Fields and Survival after Diagnosis of Childhood Leukemia: A German Cohort Study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...distribution of field lines from sources placed below. The field magnitudes from...and measure its magnetic moment. To determine...dependence of the magnetic field amplitudes with a single magnetic dipole model...to human cell lines in vitro To evaluate...

Anne Louise Svendsen; Thomas Weihkopf; Peter Kaatsch; and Joachim Schüz

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

First-principles study of the magnetic hyperfine field in Fe and Co multilayers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present ab initio calculations of the magnetic hyperfine field and magnetic moments in several Fe and Co multilayers (Fe(Co)2Cu6 fcc (001), FeCu(Ag)5 fcc (001), bcc Fe/fcc Ag5 (001), bcc Fen/fcc Au5 (001) (n=1,3,7), CokPd1 fcc (111) [k(l)=1 (5), 2 (4), 3 (3)] and Co2Ptm fcc (111) (m=1,4,7)) as well as in bcc Fe and fcc (hcp, bcc) Co. The first-principles spin-polarized, relativistic linear muffin-tin orbital method is used. Therefore, both the orbital and magnetic dipole contributions as well as the conventional Fermi contact term are calculated. Calculations have been performed for both in-plane and perpendicular magnetizations. The calculated hyperfine field and its variation with crystalline structure and magnetization direction in both Fe and Co are in reasonable agreement (within 10%) with experiments. The hyperfine field of Fe (Co) in the interface monolayers in the magnetic multilayers is found to be substantially reduced compared with that in the corresponding bulk metal, in strong contrast to the highly enhanced magnetic moments in the same monolayers. It is argued that the magnetic dipole and orbital contributions to the hyperfine field are approximately proportional to the so-called magnetic dipole moment and the orbital moment, respectively.These linear relations are then demonstrated to hold rather well by using the calculated non-s-electron hyperfine fields, orbital and magnetic dipole moments. Unlike in the bulk metals and alloys, the magnetic dipole moment in the multilayers is predicted to be comparable to the orbital moment and as a result, the magnetic dipole contribution to the hyperfine field is large. The anisotropy in the hyperfine field is found to be very pronounced and to be strongly connected with the large anisotropy in the orbital moment and magnetic dipole moment. The induced magnetic moments and hyperfine fields in the nonmagnetic spacer layers are also calculated. The results for the multilayers are compared with available experiments and previous nonrelativistic calculations. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

G. Y. Guo and H. Ebert

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Magnetization of uncovered and V-covered ultrathin Fe(100) films on V(100)  

SciTech Connect

We used polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR) to determine the absolute magnetic moment of uncovered and V-covered Fe films in the thickness range from 0.3 to 5.5 nm. The films were prepared by molecular beam epitaxy on a V(100) buffer layer grown on a MgO(100) crystal. The magnetic moment shows a linear dependence on the Fe film thickness with a reduction (compared to the Fe bulk value) of the magnetic moment equivalent to 0.1 nm bulk Fe for the V-covered films and a reduction equivalent to 0.03 nm bulk Fe for the uncovered Fe films. For the case of the V/Fe/V samples we observe a much smaller reduction of the magnetic moment than reported for experiments on Fe/V multilayers. As theoretical calculations show a strong decrease of the magnetic moment for an interface alloy we conclude that the larger reduction of the magnetization in Fe/V multilayers is due to an increase in interface roughness with increasing film thickness. For the uncovered Fe(100) films we find a much smaller reduction of the magnetic moment than in earlier in situ PNR experiments on V(110)/Fe(110) where we observed a reduction equivalent to 0.4 nm bulk Fe.

Fritzsche, H.; Liu, Y.T.; Hauschild, J.; Maletta, H. [National Research Council Canada, SIMS, NPMR, Chalk River Labs, Bldg. 459, Chalk River, ON, K0J 1J0 (Canada); Hahn-Meitner-Institut, Glienicker Strasse 100, 14109 Berlin (Germany)

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Magnetism and chemisorption  

SciTech Connect

Spin polarized photoemission studies of different adsorbates on an Fe (001) substrate show the interaction between the adsorbate and the substrate d bands. Studies of the adsorption of oxygen reveal exchange split adsorbate bands indicative of both a magnetic moment on the adsorbate atom and also a strong adsorbate p{sub z} substrate d{sub z}{sup 2} bond. The oxygen p{sub z} bands show a large variation in exchange splitting across the surface zone, an observation that is not predicted in first principles calculations of this system. Spin Polarized Auger Electron Spectroscopy studies of sulfur adsorbed on the same surface provide some indication of the magnetic moment on the adsorbate. It is found to be of the order of 0.1 {mu}B. Studies of carbon monoxide adsorption in two different configurations, vertical and tilted, reveal little or no exchange splitting in the molecular 5{sigma} orbital suggesting that the interaction of this orbital with the substrate d bands is much weaker. 38 refs., 11 figs.

Johnson, P.D.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Electronic and magnetic properties of Fe and Mn doped two dimensional hexagonal germanium sheets  

SciTech Connect

Using first principles density functional theory calculations, the present paper reports systematic total energy calculations of the electronic properties such as density of states and magnetic moment of pristine and iron and manganese doped two dimensional hexagonal germanium sheets.

Soni, Himadri R., E-mail: himadri.soni@gmail.com; Jha, Prafulla K., E-mail: himadri.soni@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar-364001 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

309

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

310

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

311

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

312

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print Large Magnetization at Carbon Surfaces Print From organic matter to pencil lead, carbon is a versatile element. Now, another use has been found: magnets. One would not expect pure carbon to be magnetic, but for more than ten years scientists have suspected that carbon can be made to be magnetic by doping it with nonmagnetic materials, changing its order ever so slightly. Years ago, the first x-ray images obtained using the scanning transmission x-ray microscope at ALS Beamline 11.0.2 provided valuable insight into how proton irradiation can cause carbon to transform into a ferromagnetic material. Now, researchers are using x-ray spectroscopy at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 to study the magnetism of proton-irradiated graphite surfaces in order to understand the effects of hydrogen (i.e. protons) on the electronic structure of carbon. In studying the properties of electrons responsible for magnetic order in graphite, researchers found that a very large magnetic moment is essentially switched on when hydrogen atoms are incorporated at the surface of graphite.

313

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

314

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

315

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of impaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

316

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

317

Detecting anomalies in CMB maps: a new method  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ever since WMAP announced its first results, different analyses have shown that there is weak evidence for several large-scale anomalies in the CMB data. While the evidence for each anomaly appears to be weak, the fact that there are multiple seemingly unrelated anomalies makes it difficult to account for them via a single statistical fluke. So, one is led to considering a combination of these anomalies. But, if we "hand-pick" the anomalies (test statistics) to consider, we are making an \\textit{a posteriori} choice. In this article, we propose two statistics that do not suffer from this problem. The statistics are linear and quadratic combinations of the $a_{\\ell m}$'s with random co-efficients, and they test the null hypothesis that the $a_{\\ell m}$'s are independent, normally-distributed, zero-mean random variables with an $m$-independent variance. The motivation for such statistics is generality; equivalently, it is a non \\textit{a posteriori} choice. But, a very useful by-product of considering such stat...

Neelakanta, Jayanth T

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Magnetic Spinner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A science toy sometimes called the “magnetic spinner” is an interesting class demonstration to illustrate the principles of magnetic levitation. It can also be used to demonstrate Faraday's law and a horizontally suspended physical pendulum. The levitated part contains two circular magnets encased in a plastic housing. Each magnet stays above two triangular magnets fixed to the base. The magnetic repulsive force experienced by the circular magnets is independent of their orientation; therefore the holder of these magnets can be rotated without affecting its stability. The holder with the circular magnets can be oscillated up and down as a horizontally suspended physical pendulum.

P. J. Ouseph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Emergent gravity and chiral anomaly in Dirac semimetals in the presence of dislocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the recently discovered Dirac semimetals with two Dirac points $\\pm{\\bf K}$. In the presence of elastic deformations each fermion propagates in a curved space, whose metric is defined by the expansion of the effective Hamiltonian near the Dirac point. Besides, there is the emergent electromagnetic field that is defined by the shift of the Dirac point. We consider the case, when the deformations are caused by the dislocations. The dislocation carries singular torsion and the quantized flux of emergent magnetic field. Both torsion singularity and emergent magnetic flux may be observed in the scattering of quasiparticles on the dislocation due to Stodolsky and Aharonov - Bohm effects. We discuss quantum anomalies in the quasiparticle currents in the presence of emergent gauge and gravitational fields and the external electromagnetic field. In particular, it is demonstrated, that in the presence of external electric field the quasiparticles/holes are pumped from vacuum along the dislocation. The appeared chiral imbalance along the dislocation drives the analogue of chiral magnetic effect, that is the appearance of electric current along the dislocation.

M. A. Zubkov

2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

320

Magnetism Digest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, on the occasion of their annual conferences on magnetism and magnetic materials in the United States, have sponsored the production of a Magnetic ... references, drawn from a large number of sources, to work in the field of magnetism and magnetic materials published in the preceding year. They therefore provide a very convenient ...

J. H. PHILLIPS

1966-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Areas Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hg Anomalies In Soils- A Geochemical Exploration Method For Geothermal Areas Details Activities (5) Areas (5) Regions (0) Abstract: Hg contents of soils in geothermal areas in the western U.S. were measured and a three-fold distribution was observed: peak, aureole and background. Peak values (up to several 100 ppm Hg) occur in fumaroles of vapour-dominated systems, around hot springs, and in zones overlying steeply dipping, hot-water aquifers. Aureoic values (up to several 100 ppb Hg) are found in zones surrounding the peak areas and delineate areas with shallow geothermal convection. Background values vary between 7 and 40 ppb

322

A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A New Geothermal Anomaly In Nicaragua Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: The information acquired during reconnaissance surface exploration in Nicaragua suggests a large geothermal reservoir in the region of Masaya-Nandaime. The exploration programme included geological, geophysical, geochemical, as well as hydrogeological investigations. Integration of the results from various disciplines permitted postulation of a conceptual model of the reservoir and of the thermal regime within the zone immediately above and around the reservoir. The reservoir with a temperature in excess of 200°C is emplaced at a depth between 2 and 4 km

323

Gravitational Correspondence of Two Types of Superconformal Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a classical conformal invariant supersymmetric gauge theory, the chiral R-symmetry current, the supersymmetry current and the energy-momentum tensor constitute a supercurrent multiplet. There are two different superconformal anoamly multiplets in four-dimensional supersymmetric gauge theories, one originating from the supersymmetric gauge dynamics and the consequent nonvanishing \\beta-function, and the other one coming from the coupling of the supercurrent multiplet to the external supergravity multiplet with non-trivial topology. We emphasize that in the gauge/gravity dual correspondence these two types of superconformal anomaly multiplets have distinct reflections in the classical supergravity: the anomaly multiplet due to the supersymmetry gauge dynamics is dual to the spontaneous symmetry breaking and the consequent super-Higgs effect in AdS_5 bulk supergravity, while the anomaly multiplet originating from the non-trivial topology of external conformal supergravity mutiplet is a boundary effects of the AdS_5 space.

W. F. Chen

2006-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

324

Simulating net particle production and chiral magnetic current in a CP-odd domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We elucidate the numerical formulation to simulate net production of particles and anomalous currents with CP-breaking background fields which cause an imbalance between particles and anti-particles. For a concrete demonstration we numerically impose pulsed electric and magnetic fields to observe that the dynamical chiral magnetic current follows together with the net particle production. The produced particle density is quantitatively consistent with the axial anomaly, while the chiral magnetic current shows a delay before the onset, which leads to a suppression effect, and then approaches what is expected from the axial anomaly.

Kenji Fukushima

2015-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

325

Magnetic and electronic properties of NpCo2: Evidence for long-range magnetic order  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic and electronic properties of the cubic Laves phase intermetallic compound NpCo2 have been investigated by magnetization, specific heat, and electrical resistivity measurements. Magnetization data confirm previous results, i.e., an antiferromagneticlike order at 12.5 K and a metamagnetic transition at Bm ? 4.3 T at 3 K with a saturation moment of ?0.6 ?B. Although extensive neutron diffraction studies failed to establish the nature of the antiferromagnetic order, its occurrence is confirmed by specific heat measurements that also highlight the presence of magnetic fluctuations suppressed by the application of an external field larger than Bm. The observed high value of the electronic specific heat, ?0 ? 330 mJ/mol?K2 as T ? 0, and the minute magnetic entropy, Fermi liquid behavior at low temperature. The electronic structure of NpCo2 was examined theoretically and compared to experimental data. Local spin density approximation (LSDA) calculations show that this material is close to a magnetic instability and that ferromagnetic alignment of the Np moments is the most stable. LSDA+U calculations in the fully localized limit with U = 0 give reasonable agreement with the experimental Np moment value and their orbital and spin contributions.

J. P. Sanchez; J.-C. Griveau; P. Javorsky; E. Colineau; R. Eloirdi; P. Boulet; J. Rebizant; F. Wastin; A. B. Shick; R. Caciuffo

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

326

Efficient solar anti-neutrino production in random magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have shown that the electron anti-neutrino appearance in the framework of the spin flavor conversion mechanism is much more efficient in the case of neutrino propagation through random than regular magnetic field. This result leads to much stronger limits on the product of the neutrino transition magnetic moment and the solar magnetic field based on the recent KamLAND data. We argue that the existence of the random magnetic fields in the solar convective zone is a natural sequence of the convective zone magnetic field evolution.

O. G. Miranda; T. I. Rashba; A. I. Rez; J. W. F. Valle

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

327

Magnetic order close to superconductivity in the iron-based layered LaO1-xFxFeAs systems  

SciTech Connect

Since the discovery of long-range antiferromagnetic (AF) order in the parent compounds of high-transition temperature (high-Tc) copper oxides,1,2 there have been tremendous efforts to understand the role of magnetism in the superconducting mechanism because superconductivity occurs when mobile electrons or holes are doped into the AF parent compounds. Much like high-Tc copper oxides, superconductivity in the newly discovered the rare-earth (R) ironbased oxide systems [ROFeAs] are derived from either electron3,4,5,6,7 or hole 8 doping of their nonsuperconducting parent compounds. The parent (nonsuperconducting)LaOFeAs material is metallic but shows anomalies near 150 K in both resistivity and dc magnetic susceptibility3. While optical conductivity and theoretical calculations suggest that LaOFeAs exhibits a spin-density-wave(SDW)instability that is suppressed by doping electrons to form superconductivity9, there has been no direct evidence of SDW order. Here we use neutron scattering to demonstrate that LaOFeAs undergoes an abrupt structural distortion below ~150 K, changing the symmetry from tetragonal (space group P4/nmm) to monoclinic (space group P112/n) at low temperatures, and then followed by the development of long range SDW-type AF order at ~137 K with a small moment but simple magnetic structure9. Doping the system with flourine suppresses both the magnetic order and structural distortion in favor of superconductivity. Therefore, much like high-Tc copper oxides, the superconducting regime in these Fe-based materials occurs in close proximity to a long-range ordered AF ground state.

de la Cruz, Clarina [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Huang, Q. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Lynn, J. W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Li, Jiying [ORNL; RatcliffIII, W [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Zarestky, Jerel L. [Ames Laboratory; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL; Chen, G. F, [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics; Luo, J. L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Wang, N. L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Magnetic order close to superconductivity in the iron-based layered LaO1-xFxFeAs systems  

SciTech Connect

Following the discovery of long-range antiferromagnetic order in the parent compounds of high-transition-temperature (high-T{sub c}) copper oxides, there have been efforts to understand the role of magnetism in the superconductivity that occurs when mobile 'electrons' or 'holes' are doped into the antiferromagnetic parent compounds. Superconductivity in the newly discovered rare-earth iron-based oxide systems ROFeAs (R, rare-earth metal) also arises from either electron or hole doping of their non-superconducting parent compounds. The parent material LaOFeAs is metallic but shows anomalies near 150 K in both resistivity and d.c. magnetic susceptibility. Although optical conductivity and theoretical calculations suggest that LaOFeAs exhibits a spin-density-wave (SDW) instability that is suppressed by doping with electrons to induce superconductivity, there has been no direct evidence of SDW order. Here we report neutron-scattering experiments that demonstrate that LaOFeAs undergoes an abrupt structural distortion below 155 K, changing the symmetry from tetragonal (space group P4/nmm) to monoclinic (space group P112/n) at low temperatures, and then, at 137 K, develops long-range SDW-type antiferromagnetic order with a small moment but simple magnetic structure. Doping the system with fluorine suppresses both the magnetic order and the structural distortion in favor of superconductivity. Therefore, like high-T{sub c} copper oxides, the superconducting regime in these iron-based materials occurs in close proximity to a long-range-ordered antiferromagnetic ground state.

Dela Cruz, Clarina R [ORNL; Huang, Q. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Lynn, J. W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Li, Jiying [ORNL; Zarestky, Jerel L. [Ames Laboratory; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL; Chen, G. F, [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics; Luo, J. L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Wang, N. L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: Microearthquake moment tensors from the Coso Geothermal area Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Coso geothermal area, California, has produced hot water and steam for electricity generation for more than 20 years, during which time there has been a substantial amount of microearthquake activity in the area. Seismicity is monitored by a high-quality permanent network of 16 three-component digital borehole seismometers operated by the US Navy and supplemented by a ~ 14-station portable array of surface three-component digital instruments. The portable stations improve focal sphere coverage, providing seismic-wave polarity and amplitude data sets sufficient for

330

Novel theory of the HD dipole moment. II. Computations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the preceding paper we derived a new theory of the dipole moments of homopolar but isotopically asymmetric molecules (such as HD, HT, and DT) in which the electrical asymmetry appears directly in the electronic Hamiltonian (in an appropriate Born-Oppenheimer separation) and the dipole moment may be computed as a purely electronic property. In the present paper we describe variation-perturbation calculations and convergence studies on the dipole moment for HD, which is found to have the value 8.51×10-4 debye at 1.40 a.u. Using the two alternative formulations of the electronic problem, we can provide a test of basis-set adequacy and convergence of the results, and such convergence studies are reported here. We have also computed vibration-rotation transition matrix elements and these are compared with experimental and other theoretical results.

W. R. Thorson; J. H. Choi; S. K. Knudson

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Maps for currents and anomalies in noncommutative gauge theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive maps relating currents and their divergences in non-abelian U(N) noncommutative gauge theory with the corresponding expressions in the ordinary (commutative) description. For the U(1) theory, in the slowly-varying-field approximation, these maps are also seen to connect the star-gauge-covariant anomaly in the noncommutative theory with the standard Adler--Bell--Jackiw anomaly in the commutative version. For arbitrary fields, derivative corrections to the maps are explicitly computed up to O(\\theta^2).

Rabin Banerjee; Kuldeep Kumar

2005-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

332

QJT as a Regularization: Origin of the New Gauge Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

QJT is considered as a regularization of QFT, where the fields are replaced by finite $p$-jets. The regularized phase space is infinite-dimensional, because not all histories are determined by initial conditions. Gauge symmetries are not fully preserved by the regularization, and gauge anomalies arise. These anomalies are of a new type, not present in QFT. They generically diverge when the regulator is removed, but can be made finite with a particular choice of field content, provided that spacetime has at most four dimensions. The field content appears to include unphysical fields that violate the spin-statistics theorem.

T. A. Larsson

2009-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

333

Renormalization ambiguities and conformal anomaly in metric-scalar backgrounds  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the problem of the existing ambiguities in the conformal anomaly in theories with an external scalar field in curved backgrounds. In particular, we consider the anomaly of a self-interacting massive scalar field theory and of a Yukawa model in the massless conformal limit. In all cases the ambiguities are related to finite renormalizations of local nonminimal terms in the effective action. We point out the generic nature of this phenomenon and provide a general method to identify the theories where such an ambiguity can arise.

Asorey, M.; Berredo-Peixoto, G. de; Shapiro, I. L. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009, Zaragoza (Spain); Departamento de Fisica - ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, 36036-330, MG (Brazil)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

334

More anomaly free models of six-dimensional gauged supergravity  

SciTech Connect

We construct a huge number of anomaly free models of six-dimensional N=(1,0) gauged supergravity. The gauge groups are products of U(1) and SU(2), and every hyperino is charged under some of the gauge groups. It is also found that the potential may have flat directions when the R-symmetry is diagonally gauged together with another gauge group. In an Appendix, we determine the contribution to the global SU(2) anomaly from symplectic Majorana Weyl fermions in six dimensions.

Suzuki, Ryo; Tachikawa, Yuji [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Electric dipole moments from flavored CP violation in supersymmetry  

SciTech Connect

The so-called supersymmetric flavor and CP problems are deeply related to the origin of flavor and hence to the origin of the standard model Yukawa couplings themselves. We show that realistic SU(3) flavor symmetries with spontaneous CP violation reproducing correctly the standard model Yukawa matrices can simultaneously solve both problems without ad hoc modifications of the supersymmetric model. We analyze the leptonic electric dipole moments and lepton flavor violation processes in these models. We show that the electron electric dipole moment and the decay {mu}{yields}e{gamma} are naturally within reach of the proposed experiments if the sfermion masses are measurable at the LHC.

Calibbi, L. [SISSA/ISAS and INFN, I-34013, Trieste (Italy); Departament de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Universitat de Valencia-CSIC, E-46100, Burjassot (Spain); Perez, J. Jones; Vives, O. [Departament de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Universitat de Valencia-CSIC, E-46100, Burjassot (Spain)

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Surface magnetism of Fe(001)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results of all-electron self-consistent semirelativistic full-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave local-density and local-spin-density studies are reported for a seven-layer Fe(001) thin film. The calculated work function for the ferromagnetic state is found to be in excellent agreement with experiment, whereas that calculated for the paramagnetic state is significantly worse (namely, 0.5 eV too large), indicating the importance of spin polarization on this electrostatic property. For both states, partial densities of states (projected by layer and by orbital angular momentum), surface states, and charge (and spin) densities are presented and their differences employed to discuss the origin of surface magnetism. No Friedel oscillation is found in the layer-by-layer charge density. The surface-layer magnetic moment is found to have been increased by 0.73?B from the center layer to 2.98?B/atom; a very small Friedel oscillation is obtained for the spin density, which indicates possible size effects in this seven-layer film. Layer-by-layer Fermi contact hyperfine fields are presented: While the core-polarization contributions are proportional to the magnetic moment, the conduction-electron contribution shows a pronounced Friedel oscillation in the central layer and, significantly, a change of sign and increase in the magnitude for the surface-layer contribution. The hyperfine field at the nucleus of the center-layer atoms is found to be in excellent agreement with experiment. The net result for the surface-layer atoms is a predicted decrease in magnitude of the total Fermi contact hyperfine field despite the large increase of their magnetic moments. The relevance of this prediction to experiment is discussed.

S. Ohnishi; A. J. Freeman; M. Weinert

1983-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Novel Lifshitz point for chiral transition in the magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the generalized Ginzburg-Landau theory, chiral phase transition is discussed in the presence of magnetic field. Considering the chiral density wave we show chiral anomaly gives rise to an inhomogeneous chiral phase for nonzero quark-number chemical potential. Novel Lifshitz point appears on the vanishing chemical potential line, which may be directly explored by the lattice QCD simulation.

T. Tatsumi; K. Nishiyama; S. Karasawa

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

338

Transport and magnetic properties of rtx and related  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 2. AFM Magnons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 D. Schottky Anomaly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 E. Heat Capacity at Tc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 III MAGNETISM... The Schottky heat capacity of a two level system. Difierent curves represent difierent degeneracies of these levels. : : : : : : : : : : : : : 18 6 Powder X-ray results for Nd2Ni2Pb, with results of reflnement and difierence plot. Vertical marks are fltted re...

Goruganti, Venkat

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

339

Steel characteristics measurement system using Barkhausen jump sum rate and magnetic field intensity and method of using same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A steel hardness measurement system and method of using same are provided for measuring at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic of a ferromagnetic sample as a function of at least one magnetic characteristic of the sample. A magnetic field generator subjects the sample to a variable external magnetic field. The magnetic field intensity of the magnetic field generated by the magnetic field generating means is measured and a signal sensor is provided for measuring Barkhausen signals from the sample when the sample is subjected to the external magnetic field. A signal processing unit calculates a jump sum rate first moment as a function of the Barkhausen signals measured by the signal sensor and the magnetic field intensity, and for determining the at least one mechanical or magnetic characteristic as a function of the jump sum rate first moment. 7 figs.

Kohn, G.; Hicho, G.; Swartzendruber, L.

1997-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

340

Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets - Argonne National Laboratories,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets By Joseph Bernstein * October 11, 2012 The behavior of magnetic moments in metal oxides such as layered iridium is dominated by strong spin-orbit coupling effects. In layered compounds such as Sr3Ir2O7 (shown on the left), the direction of these moments (blue arrows) is controlled at the quantum level by dipolar interactions that are akin to those of classical bar magnets. Another outcome is an unprecedented 'magnon gap' (shown at right), which was measured at the Argonne Advanced Photon Source and reveals that these underlying dipolar magnetic interactions are extremely strong. Current electronic devices depend on manipulating charge. Alternative approaches may rely on not only charge but also the spin of electrons.

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341

Magnetic order in the frustrated Ising-like chain compound Sr3NiIrO6 E. Lefranois,1, 2, 3,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic order in the frustrated Ising-like chain compound Sr3NiIrO6 E. Lefrançois,1, 2, 3, L. C and temperature dependence of the magnetization of single crystals of Sr3NiIrO6. These measurements evidence the presence of an easy axis of anisotropy and two anomalies in the magnetic susceptibility. Neutron powder

Boyer, Edmond

342

A RE-INTRODUCTION TO ANOMALIES OF CRITICALITY  

SciTech Connect

In 1974, a small innocuous document was submitted to the American Nuclear Society's Criticality Safety Division for publication that would have lasting impacts on this nuclear field The author was Duane Clayton, manager of the Battelle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's Critical Mass Lab, the world's preeminent reactor critical experimenter with plutonium solutions. The document was entitled, 'Anomalies of Criticality'. 'Anomalies...' was a compilation of more than thirty separate and distinct examples of departures from what might be commonly expected in the field of nuclear criticality. Mr. Clayton's publication was the derivative of more than ten thousand experiments and countless analytical studies conducted world-wide on every conceivable reactor system imaginable: from fissile bearing solutions to solids, blocks to arrays of fuel rods, low-enriched uranium oxide systems to pure plutonium and highly enriched uranium systems. After publication, the document was commonly used within the nuclear fuel cycle and reactor community to train potential criticality/reactor analysts, experimenters and fuel handlers on important things for consideration when designing systems with critically 'safe' parameters in mind The purpose of this paper is to re-introduce 'Anomalies of Criticality' to the current Criticality Safety community and to add new 'anomalies' to the existing compendium. By so doing, it is the authors' hope that a new generation of nuclear workers and criticality engineers will benefit from its content and might continue to build upon this work in support of the nuclear renaissance that is about to occur.

PUIGH RJ

2009-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

343

Adaptive Anomaly Detection via Self-Calibration and Dynamic Updating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the site and the type of traffic it receives, the operators might have to provide recent and sanitized sanitization resulting in a fully automated AD maintenance cycle. Our approach is completely agnostic retaining the gains in performance from the sanitization process over time. Key words: anomaly detection

Stavrou, Angelos

344

Stealthy Poisoning Attacks on PCA-based Anomaly Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Principal Components Analysis, Adversarial Learning 1. INTRODUCTION We explore vulnerabilities associated. Ringberg et al. showed that routing outages can pollute the normal subspace [4]; a kind of non-adversarial anomalies in backbone networks. To assess these detectors' susceptibility to adversaries wishing to evade

Tygar, Doug

345

Congenital anomalies and childhood cancer in Great Britain  

SciTech Connect

The presence of cancer and a congenital anomaly in the same child may be explained in certain cases by an underlying genetic abnormality. The study of these associations may lead to the identification of genes that are important in both processes. We have examined the records of 20,304 children with cancer in Britain, who were entered into the National Registry of Childhood Tumors (NRCT) during 1971-86, for the presence of congenital anomalies. The frequency of anomalies was much higher among children with solid tumors (4.4%) than among those with leukemia or lymphoma (2.6%; P < .0001). The types of cancer with the highest rates of anomalies were Wilms tumor (8.1 %), Ewing sarcoma (5.8%), hepatoblastoma (6.4%), and gonadal and germ-cell tumors (6.4%). Cases of spina bifida and abnormalities of the eye, ribs, and spine were more common in children with cancer than among population-based controls. Future studies may be directed toward identifying the developmental pathways and the relevant genes that are involved in the overlap between pediatric cancer and malformation. 46 refs., 12 tabs.

Narod, S.A. [Univ. of Toronto (Canada); Hawkins, M.M.; Robertson, C.M.; Stiller, C.A. [Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Transductive anomaly detection Clayton Scott and Gilles Blanchard  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transductive anomaly detection Clayton Scott and Gilles Blanchard August 20, 2008 Abstract One approach, the transductive approach yields detectors that are optimal (e.g., statisti- cally consistent potentially of both nominal and anomalous data. We assume that each xi, i = m + 1, . . . , m + n is paired

Scott, Clayton

347

Anomaly Extraction in Backbone Networks using Association Rules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Anomaly Extraction in Backbone Networks using Association Rules Daniela Brauckhoff ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland brauckhoff@tik.ee.ethz.ch Xenofontas Dimitropoulos ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland fontas@tik.ee.ethz.ch Arno Wagner ETH Zurich Zurich, Switzerland wagner@tik.ee.ethz.ch Kavè Salamatian

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

348

Magnetic K-edge absorption in 3d elements and its relation to local magnetic structure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper we present a selection of circular magnetic x-ray dichroism (CMXD) measurements at the K edges of Fe, Ni, Co, and Mn in various alloys and compounds. We investigate the correlation between the measured spin-dependent absorption signal and the p-like spin polarization of the unoccupied bands at the Fermi level. In the case of Fe we find a direct correlation of the spin-dependent absorption profile to the p-like spin polarizations. This is discussed for various alloys. The measured CMXD signals are compared with theoretical calculations for the absorption spectra. For Fe and Ni we have performed spin-polarized relativistic Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker Green’s function calculations, which give a parameter-free description of the spin-dependent absorption process. The content of information in the experimental CMXD spectra on the local magnetic p and d moments is discussed in comparison with the calculated changes of the p and d moments. In the case of the Co and Ni K edges we find a direct correlation of the average strength of the spin-dependent absorption signal to the p moment. For Co also a direct correlation to the d moment is indicated. At Fe K edges no proportionality of any features of the spin-dependent absorption profile to p or d moments have been found.

S. Stähler, G. Schütz, and H. Ebert

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Second moment method for a family of boolean CSP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The estimation of phase transitions in random boolean Constraint Satisfaction Problems (CSP) is based on two fundamental tools: the first and second moment methods. While the first moment method on the number of solutions permits to compute upper bounds on any boolean CSP, the second moment method used for computing lower bounds proves to be more tricky and in most cases gives only the trivial lower bound 0. In this paper, we define a subclass of boolean CSP covering the monotone versions of many known NP-Complete boolean CSPs. We give a method for computing non trivial lower bounds for any member of this subclass. This is achieved thanks to an application of the second moment method to some selected solutions called characteristic solutions that depend on the boolean CSP considered. We apply, as an example, this method to establish that the threshold r_{k} of monotone 1-in-k-SAT is \\log k/k\\leq r_{k}\\leq\\log^{2}k/k

Boufkhad, Yacine

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Measuring Asphaltenes and Resins, and Dipole Moment in Petroleum Fluids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measuring Asphaltenes and Resins, and Dipole Moment in Petroleum Fluids Lamia Goual Earth Science, Palo Alto, CA 94306 A petroleum fluid can be di®ided into three types of species: asphaltenes, resins or mildly polar. The interaction among these species strongly affect asphaltene precipitation from petroleum

Firoozabadi, Abbas

351

Heavy Triplets: Electric Dipole Moments vs Proton Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experimental limit on the electron electric dipole moment constraints the pattern of supersymmetric grand-unified theories with right-handed neutrinos. We show that such contraints are already competing with the well known ones derived by the limit on proton lifetime.

Isabella Masina; Carlos A. Savoy

2003-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

352

Heavy Triplets: Electric Dipole Moments vs Proton Decay  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The experimental limit on the electron electric dipole moment constraints the pattern of supersymmetric grand-unified theories with right-handed neutrinos. We show that such contraints are already competing with the well known ones derived by the limit on proton lifetime.

Masina, I; Masina, Isabella; Savoy, Carlos

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Dipole-moment derivative of LiF  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The dipole-moment derivative d?dr has been calculated for LiF from available Hartree-Fock and configuration-interaction wave functions. Calculated values of d?dr are not in agreement with the value determined from a measurement of the first vibrational state lifetime by Bedding and Moran. Other calculated molecular properties are also compared with the available data.

S. W. Harrison and C. R. Fischer

1976-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Electric dipole moments of nanosolvated acid molecules in water clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electric dipole moments of $(H_{2}O)_{n}DCl$ ($n=3-9$) clusters have been measured by the beam deflection method. Reflecting the (dynamical) charge distribution within the system, the dipole moment contributes information about the microscopic structure of nanoscale solvation. The addition of a DCl molecule to a water cluster results in a strongly enhanced susceptibility. There is evidence for a noticeable rise in the dipole moment occurring at $n\\approx5-6$. This size is consistent with predictions for the onset of ionic dissociation. Additionally, a molecular dynamics model suggests that even with a nominally bound impurity an enhanced dipole moment can arise due to the thermal and zero point motion of the proton and the water molecules. The experimental measurements and the calculations draw attention to the importance of fluctuations in defining the polarity of water-based nanoclusters, and generally to the essential role played by motional effects in determining the response of fluxional nanoscale sy...

Guggemos, Nicholas; Kresin, Vitaly V

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Effective equations for the quantum pendulum from momentous quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect

In this work we study the quantum pendulum within the framework of momentous quantum mechanics. This description replaces the Schroedinger equation for the quantum evolution of the system with an infinite set of classical equations for expectation values of configuration variables, and quantum dispersions. We solve numerically the effective equations up to the second order, and describe its evolution.

Hernandez, Hector H.; Chacon-Acosta, Guillermo [Universidad Autonoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Ingenieria, Nuevo Campus Universitario, Chihuahua 31125 (Mexico); Departamento de Matematicas Aplicadas y Sistemas, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Cuajimalpa, Artificios 40, Mexico D. F. 01120 (Mexico)

2012-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

356

Visual Speech Recognition Using Image Moments and Multiresolution Wavelet Images  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a new technique for recognizing speech using visual speech information. The video data of the speaker's mouth is represented using grayscale images named as motion history image (MHI). MHI is generated by applying accumulative image ... Keywords: visual speech recognition, motion history image, image moments, discrete stationary wavelet transform

Wai C. Yau; Dinesh K. Kumar; Sridhar P. Arjunan; Sanjay Kumar

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment from Beyond the Standard Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the phenomenology of neutron Electric Dipole Moment from the Standard Model and beyond, and identify the matrix elements most necessary to connect the current and forthcoming experiments with phenomenology. We then describe lattice techniques for calculating these matrix elements

Tanmoy Bhattacharya; Vincenzo Cirigliano; Rajan Gupta

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

358

New search for the neutron electric dipole moment  

SciTech Connect

We report on a new experiment to search for the neutron electric dipole moment which has the potential ta lower the current limit by a factor of 50 to 100. A unique approach to this measurement is described including the results of recent measurements at LANSCE of the mass diffusion coefficient for 3He in superfluid 4He.

Barnes, Peter D.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Spin-it: optimizing moment of inertia for spinnable objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Spinning tops and yo-yos have long fascinated cultures around the world with their unexpected, graceful motions that seemingly elude gravity. We present an algorithm to generate designs for spinning objects by optimizing rotational dynamics properties. ... Keywords: fabrication, moment of inertia, shape optimization

Moritz Bächer; Emily Whiting; Bernd Bickel; Olga Sorkine-Hornung

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Conceptual Design Report Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Nuclear Physics (SC-26) Date approved at Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, New Mexico managed by Los Alamos National Security, LLC.S. Department of Energy. LA-UR-5076 #12;i #12;ii A New Search for The Neutron Electric Dipole Moment Conceptual

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Carton motion-moment diagram and stiffness characteristics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

To achieve the versatility in developing a packaging machine, it is imperative to understand the motion and stiffness characteristics of cartons during industrial folding and manipulation. It is desirable to describe carton and its folding procedure ... Keywords: equivalent mechanism, motion-moment diagram, packaging carton, stiffness

Guowu Wei; Ruirui Zhang; Jian S. Dai

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

MODELING THE MUON COOLING CHANNEL USING MOMENTS B. A. Shadwick  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to reach the luminosity goals demanded by high- energy physics applications [3]. Furthermore, this cooling Using a moment formalism [1, 2] we model beam trans- port in the muon collider cooling channel. This model con- tains much of the physics we believe to be relevant to muon cooling such as ionization energy

Wurtele, Jonathan

363

Magnetic measurements at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. Revision  

SciTech Connect

Recent magnetic measurement activities at LBL have been concentrated in two separate areas, electro-magnets and permanent magnets for the Advanced Light Source (ALS), and superconducting magnets for the Superconducting Super Collider Laboratory (SSCL). A survey of the many different measurement systems is presented. These include: AC magnetic measurements of an ALS booster dipole engineering model magnet, dipole moment measurements of permanent magnet blocks for ALS wigglers and undulators, permeability measurements of samples destined for wiggler and undulator poles, harmonic error analysis of SSC one meter model dipoles and quadrupoles and five meter long SSC prototype quadrupoles, harmonic error analysis of ALS dipoles, quadrupoles, and sextupoles, precision Hall probe mapping of ALS storage ring combined function magnets, and the design of the ALS insertion device magnets mapping system. We also describe a new UNIX based data acquisition system that is being developed for the SSC. Probes used for magnetic measurements include Helmholtz coils, integral coils, point coils, and bucking harmonic analysis coils, several different types of Hall probes, and nuclear magnetic resonance magnetometers. Both analog and digital integrators are used with the coils. Some problems that occurred and their rectification is described. The mechanisms used include rotating systems with optical encoders, X-Y mapping systems with optical encoders and a laser position measuring device. 10 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Green, M.I.; Barale, P.; Callapp, L.; Case-Fortier, M.; Lerner, D.; Nelson, D.; Schermer, R.; Skipper, G.; Van Dyke, D.; Cork, C.; Halbach, K.; Hassenzahl, W.; Hoyer, E.; Marks, S.; Harten, T.; Luchini, K.; Milburn, J.; Tanabe, J.; Zucca, F.; Keller, R.; Selph, F.; Gilbert, W.; Green, M.A.; O`Neil, J.; Schafer, R.; Taylor, C.; Greiman, W.; Hall, D.; MacFarlane, J.

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Zonal displacement of western Pacific warm pool and zonal wind anomaly over the Pacific Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The thermal condition anomaly of the western Pacific warm pool and its zonal displacement have ... impact of the zonal wind anomaly over the Pacific Ocean on zonal displacement of the warm pool ... to the zonal w...

Qilong Zhang ???; Qinghua Zhang ???…

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Profile-based adaptive anomaly detection for network security.  

SciTech Connect

As information systems become increasingly complex and pervasive, they become inextricably intertwined with the critical infrastructure of national, public, and private organizations. The problem of recognizing and evaluating threats against these complex, heterogeneous networks of cyber and physical components is a difficult one, yet a solution is vital to ensuring security. In this paper we investigate profile-based anomaly detection techniques that can be used to address this problem. We focus primarily on the area of network anomaly detection, but the approach could be extended to other problem domains. We investigate using several data analysis techniques to create profiles of network hosts and perform anomaly detection using those profiles. The ''profiles'' reduce multi-dimensional vectors representing ''normal behavior'' into fewer dimensions, thus allowing pattern and cluster discovery. New events are compared against the profiles, producing a quantitative measure of how ''anomalous'' the event is. Most network intrusion detection systems (IDSs) detect malicious behavior by searching for known patterns in the network traffic. This approach suffers from several weaknesses, including a lack of generalizability, an inability to detect stealthy or novel attacks, and lack of flexibility regarding alarm thresholds. Our research focuses on enhancing current IDS capabilities by addressing some of these shortcomings. We identify and evaluate promising techniques for data mining and machine-learning. The algorithms are ''trained'' by providing them with a series of data-points from ''normal'' network traffic. A successful algorithm can be trained automatically and efficiently, will have a low error rate (low false alarm and miss rates), and will be able to identify anomalies in ''pseudo real-time'' (i.e., while the intrusion is still in progress, rather than after the fact). We also build a prototype anomaly detection tool that demonstrates how the techniques might be integrated into an operational intrusion detection framework.

Zhang, Pengchu C. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Durgin, Nancy Ann

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Magnetism.1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... each complete magnets with a pair of poles. The general character of the earth's magnetism has long been known—that the earth behaves with regard to magnets as though it ... and that these poles have a slow secular motion. For many years the earth's magnetism has been the subject of careful study by the most powerful minds. Gauss organized ...

1890-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

367

Moments of Spin Structure Functions: Sum Rules and Polarizabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nucleon structure study is one of the most important research areas in modern physics and has challenged us for decades. Spin has played an essential role and often brought surprises and puzzles to the investigation of the nucleon structure and the strong interaction. New experimental data on nucleon spin structure at low to intermediate momentum transfers combined with existing high momentum transfer data offer a comprehensive picture in the strong region of the interaction and of the transition region from the strong to the asymptotic-free region. Insight for some aspects of the theory for the strong interaction, Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), is gained by exploring lower moments of spin structure functions and their corresponding sum rules. These moments are expressed in terms of an operator-product expansion using quark and gluon degrees of freedom at moderately large momentum transfers. The higher-twist contributions have been examined through the evolution of these moments as the momentum transfer varies from higher to lower values. Furthermore, QCD-inspired low-energy effective theories, which explicitly include chiral symmetry breaking, are tested at low momentum transfers. The validity of these theories is further examined as the momentum transfer increases to moderate values. It is found that chiral perturbation theory calculations agree reasonably well with the first moment of the spin structure function g_1 at low momentum transfer of 0.05 - 0.1 GeV^2 but fail to reproduce some of the higher moments, noticeably, the neutron data in the case of the generalized polarizability Delta_LT. The Burkhardt-Cottingham sum rule has been verified with good accuracy in a wide range of Q^2 assuming that no singular behavior of the structure functions is present at very high excitation energies.

Jian-ping Chen

2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

368

The Transient Atmospheric Circulation Response to North Atlantic SST and Sea Ice Anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Transient Atmospheric Circulation Response to North Atlantic SST and Sea Ice Anomalies CLARA of the wintertime atmospheric circu- lation response to imposed patterns of SST and sea ice extent anomalies may produce different responses to the same SST anomaly depend- ing on their simulation

Hurrell, James

369

Earth’s magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earth’s magnetism, geomagnetism, terrestrial magnetism [The magnetism of the Earth] ? Erdmagnetismus m, Geomagnetismus

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Higher order mixed moment approximations for the Fokker-Planck equation in one space dimension  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study mixed-moment models (full zeroth moment, half higher moments) for a Fokker-Planck equation in one space dimension. Mixed-moment minimum-entropy models are known to overcome the zero net-flux problem of full-moment minimum entropy Mn models. Realizability theory for these mixed moments of arbitrary order is derived, as well as a new closure, which we refer to as Kershaw closures. They provide non-negative distribution functions combined with an analytical closure. Numerical tests are performed with standard first-order finite volume schemes and compared with a finite-difference Fokker-Planck scheme.

Florian Schneider; Graham Alldredge; Martin Frank; Axel Klar

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

371

Evaluation of magnetic flux distribution from magnetic domains in [Co/Pd] nanowires by magnetic domain scope method using contact-scanning of tunneling magnetoresistive sensor  

SciTech Connect

Current-driven magnetic domain wall motions in magnetic nanowires have attracted great interests for physical studies and engineering applications. The magnetic force microscope (MFM) is widely used for indirect verification of domain locations in nanowires, where relative magnetic force between the local domains and the MFM probe is used for detection. However, there is an occasional problem that the magnetic moments of MFM probe influenced and/or rotated the magnetic states in the low-moment nanowires. To solve this issue, the “magnetic domain scope for wide area with nano-order resolution (nano-MDS)” method has been proposed recently that could detect the magnetic flux distribution from the specimen directly by scanning of tunneling magnetoresistive field sensor. In this study, magnetic domain structure in nanowires was investigated by both MFM and nano-MDS, and the leakage magnetic flux density from the nanowires was measured quantitatively by nano-MDS. Specimen nanowires consisted from [Co (0.3)/Pd (1.2)]{sub 21}/Ru(3) films (units in nm) with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy were fabricated onto Si substrates by dual ion beam sputtering and e-beam lithography. The length and the width of the fabricated nanowires are 20??m and 150?nm. We have succeeded to obtain not only the remanent domain images with the detection of up and down magnetizations as similar as those by MFM but also magnetic flux density distribution from nanowires directly by nano-MDS. The obtained value of maximum leakage magnetic flux by nano-MDS is in good agreement with that of coercivity by magneto-optical Kerr effect microscopy. By changing the protective diamond-like-carbon film thickness on tunneling magnetoresistive sensor, the three-dimensional spatial distribution of leakage magnetic flux could be evaluated.

Okuda, Mitsunobu, E-mail: okuda.m-ky@nhk.or.jp; Miyamoto, Yasuyoshi; Miyashita, Eiichi; Hayashi, Naoto [NHK Science and Technology Research Laboratories, 1-10-11 Kinuta Setagaya, Tokyo 157-8510 (Japan)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

372

Complex magnetic ordering in CeFe1.76 studied by neutron diffraction  

SciTech Connect

Neutron diffraction measurements on a single crystal of CeGe1.76 reveal a complex series of magnetic transitions at low temperature. At TN?7 K, there is a transition from a paramagnetic state at higher temperature to an incommensurate magnetic structure characterized by a magnetic propagation vector (0 0 ?) with ??14 and the magnetic moment along the a axis of the orthorhombic unit cell. Below TLI?5 K, the magnetic structure locks in to a commensurate structure with ?=14 and the magnetic moment remains along the a axis. Below T??4 K, we find additional half-integer and integer indexed magnetic Bragg peaks consistent with a second commensurately ordered antiferromagnetic state.

Jayasekara, Wageesha T [Ames Laboratory; Tian, W [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Hodovanets, Halyna [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C [Ames Laboratory; Bud'ko, Serguei L [Ames Laboratory; Kreyssig, Andreas [Ames Laboratory; Goldman, Alan I [Ames Laboratory

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Magnetic structure of Gd[subscript 5]Ge[subscript 4  

SciTech Connect

Gd{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma, and orders antiferromagnetically below the Neel temperature T{sub N} {approx} 127 K. We have employed x-ray resonant magnetic scattering to elucidate the details of the magnetic structure. The magnetic unit cell is the same as the chemical unit cell. From azimuth scans and the Q dependence of the magnetic scattering, all three Gd sites in the structure were determined to be in the same magnetic space group Pnma. The magnetic moments are primarily aligned along the c axis and the c components of the magnetic moments at the three different sites are equal. The ferromagnetic Gd-rich slabs are stacked antiferromagnetically along the b direction.

Tan, L.; Kreyssig, A.; Kim, J.W.; Goldman, A.I.; McQueeney, R.J.; Wermeille, D.; Sieve, B.; Lograsso, T.A.; Schlagel, D.L.; Budko, S.L.; Pecharsky, V.K.; Gschneidner, Jr., K.A. (Ames); (Iowa State)

2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

374

Magnetization switching of rare earth orthochromite CeCrO{sub 3}  

SciTech Connect

We report the synthesis of single phase rare earth orthochromite CeCrO{sub 3} and its magnetic properties. A canted antiferromagnetic transition with thermal hysteresis at T?=?260?K is observed, and a magnetic compensation (zero magnetization) near 133?K is attributed to the antiparallel coupling between Ce{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 3+} moments. At low temperature, field induced magnetization reversal starting from 43?K for H?=?1.2 kOe reveals the spin flip driven by Zeeman energy between the net moments and the applied field. These findings may find potential uses in magnetic switching devices such as nonvolatile magnetic memory which facilitates two distinct states of magnetization.

Cao, Yiming; Cao, Shixun, E-mail: sxcao@shu.edu.cn; Ren, Wei; Feng, Zhenjie; Yuan, Shujuan; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Lu, Bo [Laboratory for Microstructures, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)

2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

375

An electronic Hamiltonian for origin independent calculations of magnetic properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A gauge origin independent formalism for the calculation of molecular magnetic properties is presented. Origin independence is obtained by using London’s gauge invariant atomic orbitals expanding the second quantization Hamiltonian in the external magnetic field and nuclear magnetic moments and using the resulting expansion terms as perturbation operators in response function calculations. To ensure orthonormality of the molecular orbitals a field?dependent symmetrical orthonormalization is employed. In this way the gauge dependence of the London orbitals is transferred to the Hamiltonian. The resulting perturbation operators may be used to calculate magnetic properties from any approximate a b i n i t i owave function.

Trygve Helgaker; Poul Jo/rgensen

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Neutron Electric Dipole Moments from Beyond the Standard Model Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Neutron Electric Dipole Moment (nEDM), a generic feature of CP-violation, is predicted to be very small in the Standard Model, but can be much larger in most extensions of the model. In this talk, I will discuss the classification of the CP violating operators up to dimension 6 that can give rise to nEDM, and then describe the mixing and renormalization structure of the operators of dimension 5 and lower in both dimensional and cutoff regularizations in general terms. Finally I will describe how to connect the dimension 5 operators, in particular, the Chromoelectric Dipole Moment of the quarks, between MSbar scheme and a Regularization Independent prescription in the chiral limit.

Tanmoy Bhattacharya; Vincenzo Cirigliano; Rajan Gupta

2014-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

377

Conservative Moment Equations for Neutrino Radiation Transport with Limited Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive conservative, multidimensional, energy-dependent moment equations for neutrino transport in core-collapse supernovae and related astrophysical systems, with particular attention to the consistency of conservative four-momentum and lepton number transport equations. After taking angular moments of conservative formulations of the general relativistic Boltzmann equation, we specialize to a conformally flat spacetime, which also serves as the basis for four further limits. Two of these---the multidimensional special relativistic case, and a conformally flat formulation of the spherically symmetric general relativistic case---are given in appendices for the sake of comparison with extant literature. The third limit is a weak-field, `pseudo-Newtonian' approach \\citep{kim_etal_2009,kim_etal_2012} in which the source of the gravitational potential includes the trace of the stress-energy tensor (rather than just the mass density), and all orders in fluid velocity $v$ are retained. Our primary interest here ...

Endeve, Eirik; Mezzacappa, Anthony

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Mercury Monohalides: Suitability for Electron Electric Dipole Moment Searches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heavy polar diatomic molecules are the primary tools for searching for the T-violating permanent electric dipole moment of the electron (eEDM). Valence electrons in some molecules experience extremely large effective electric fields due to relativistic interactions. These large effective electric fields are crucial to the success of polar-molecule-based eEDM search experiments. Here we report on the results of relativistic ab initio calculations of the effective electric fields in a series of molecules that are highly sensitive to an eEDM, the mercury monohalides (HgF, HgCl, HgBr,and HgI). We study the influence of the halide anions on effective electric field, and identify HgBr and HgI as interesting candidates for future electric dipole moment search experiments.

Prasannaa, V S; Abe, M; Das, B P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Temperature Anomalies Based on Global  

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Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Temperature Anomalies Based on Global Tropospheric and Lower Stratospheric Temperature Anomalies Based on Global Radiosonde Network Data DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/cli.004 data Data image Graphics Investigators Alexander M. Sterin Russian Research Institute for Hydrometeorological Information-World Data Center (RIHMI-WDC), 6, Korolyov str., Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249035 Period of Record January, 1958 - September, 2005 (relative to the average for 1961-1975). Methods The observed radiosonde data from the Comprehensive Aerological Reference Data Set (CARDS) (Eskridge et al. 1995) were taken as the primary input for obtaining the series. These data were for the global radiosonde observational network through 2001. Since 2002, the AEROSTAB data (uper-air observations obtained through communication channels), collected at

380

Generalized two-dimensional chiral QED: Anomaly and exotic statistics  

SciTech Connect

We study the influence of the anomaly on the physical quantum picture of the generalized chiral Schwinger model defined on S{sup 1}. We show that the anomaly (i) results in the background linearly rising electric field and (ii) makes the spectrum of the physical Hamiltonian nonrelativistic without a massive boson. The physical matter fields acquire exotic statistics. We construct explicitly the algebra of the Poincar{acute e} generators and show that it differs from the Poincar{acute e} one. We exhibit the role of the vacuum Berry phase in the failure of the Poincar{acute e} algebra to close. We prove that, in spite of the background electric field, such phenomenon as the total screening of external charges characteristic for the standard Schwinger model takes place in the generalized chiral Schwinger model, too. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Saradzhev, F.M. [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Huseyn Javid prospect 33, 370143 Baku (Azerbaijan)] [Institute of Physics, Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Huseyn Javid prospect 33, 370143 Baku (Azerbaijan)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Consistent description of kinetic equation with triangle anomaly  

SciTech Connect

We provide a consistent description of the kinetic equation with a triangle anomaly which is compatible with the entropy principle of the second law of thermodynamics and the charge/energy-momentum conservation equations. In general an anomalous source term is necessary to ensure that the equations for the charge and energy-momentum conservation are satisfied and that the correction terms of distribution functions are compatible to these equations. The constraining equations from the entropy principle are derived for the anomaly-induced leading order corrections to the particle distribution functions. The correction terms can be determined for the minimum number of unknown coefficients in one charge and two charge cases by solving the constraining equations.

Pu Shi; Gao Jianhua; Wang Qun [Interdisciplinary Center for Theoretical Study and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Moment-tensor statistics of the 1997 Long Valley microearthquake swarm  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract. A simple, fast, moment-tensor inversion method using bandpass-filtered P-amplitudes was used to study the moment-tensor statistics of Long Valley caldera microearthquakes. The events were recorded in...

A. Stroujkova; P.E. Malin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Bulk viscosity and the conformal anomaly in the pion gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the bulk viscosity of the massive pion gas within Unitarized Chiral Perturbation Theory. We obtain a low temperature peak arising from explicit conformal breaking due to the pion mass and another peak near the critical temperature, dominated by the conformal anomaly through gluon condensate terms. The correlation between bulk viscosity and conformal breaking supports a recent QCD proposal. We discuss the role of resonances, heavier states and large-$N_c$ counting.

D. Fernandez-Fraile; A. Gomez Nicola

2008-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

384

Restoring the skew quadrupole moment in the Tevatron dipoles  

SciTech Connect

In early 2003 it was realized that mechanical changes in the Tevatron dipoles had led to a deterioration of the magnetic field quality that was hindering operation of the accelerator. After extensive study, a remediation program was started in late 2003 that will continue through 2005. The mechanical and magnetic effects are discussed. The readjustment process and experience are reported, along with other observations on aging magnets. In January 2003 two lines of inquiry converged, leading to the recognition that the severe betatron coupling that was hindering operation of the Tevatron could be explained by a systematic shift on the skew quadrupole field in the dipole magnets of the same size expected from observed mechanical movement of the coils inside the magnet yokes [1]. This paper reports on subsequent magnet studies that were conducted in parallel with additional beam studies and accelerator modeling [2] exploring the feasibility of the eventual remediation effort [3].

Harding, D.J.; Bauer, P.C.; Blowers, J.N.; DiMarco, J.; Glass, H.D.; Hanft, R.W.; Carson, J.A.; Robotham, W.F.; Tartaglia, M.A.; Tompkins, J.C.; Velev, G.; /Fermilab

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Momentive Performance Materials Inc MPM | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Momentive Performance Materials Inc MPM Momentive Performance Materials Inc MPM Jump to: navigation, search Name Momentive Performance Materials Inc (MPM) Place Albany, New York Zip 12211 Product New York-based subsidiary that operates in two segments namely silicones and quartz. These versatile materials help enable new developments across industrial and consumer applications. Coordinates 42.707237°, -89.436378° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.707237,"lon":-89.436378,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

386

Magnetism in Iron at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetism in iron at high temperature is investigated by calculating the total electronic band-structure energy for four types of spin arrangements. A slow smooth spatial variation of spin direction costs relatively little energy and the atomic moment m is reduced only ? 10%. More rapid variations have considerably higher energy, which may explain the high degree of short-range order and small ?m observed at T?TC. Other aspects are also discussed.

M. V. You; V. Heine; A. J. Holden; P. J. Lin-Chung

1980-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

387

Magnetism of Al-Mn quasicrystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of symmetry and concentration of Mn on the magnetism of Al-Mn quasicrystals has been investigated through self-consistent density-functional calculations using molecular clusters and supercell band-structure schemes. A single Mn atom surrounded by 54 Al atoms in an icosahedral or a cuboctahedral structure is found to be nonmagnetic. However, as the Mn concentration is increased, moments develop on Mn sites whose magnitude and coupling depend on their location.

Feng Liu; S. N. Khanna; L. Magaud; P. Jena; V. de Coulon; F. Reuse; S. S. Jaswal; X.-G. He; F. Cyrot-Lackman

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Modern Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... BATES‘S "Modern Magnetism", first published in 1939, is widely appreciated as a general survey in which ... grateful to the author for collecting together so much interesting information about recent work in magnetism. ...

E. C. S.

1948-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

389

Investigating magnetic proximity effects in NiO/Pd with polarized neutron reflectometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With polarized neutron reflectometry we investigated NiO/Pd heterostructures for the presence of a magnetic proximity effect, which is expected to produce an induced ferromagnetic moment in Pd. Using a specific isotope mixture of Ni in the preparation of NiO, the chemical contrast across the Pd/NiO interface was greatly suppressed, thus enhancing sensitivity to magnetic contrast at the reflecting interface. Despite enhanced sensitivity, no evidence for a proximity effect was observed. If present, the magnetic moment per Pd atom could not be more than 0.01?B, regardless of Pd layer thickness, crystalline interface orientation, and number of NiO/Pd bilayers.

A. Hoffmann; M. R. Fitzsimmons; J. A. Dura; C. F. Majkrzak

2001-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

390

Influence of surface segregation on magnetic properties of FePt nanoparticles  

SciTech Connect

Surface segregation leads to chemical disordering in magnetic alloy nanostructures and thus could have profound impact upon the magnetic properties of these nanostructures. In this study, we used the first-principles density functional theory calculation method to determine how Pt surface segregation (exchanging interior Pt with surface Fe atoms) would affect the magnetic properties of L1{sub 0} ordered FePt nanoparticles. For both cuboid and cuboctahedral FePt nanoparticles, we predicted that the Pt surface segregation process could cause a decrease in total magnetic moments, a change in (easy and/or hard) magnetization axes, and a reduction in magnetic anisotropy.

Lv, Hongyan [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States) [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States); Key Laboratory of Artificial Micro- and Nano-Structures of Ministry of Education and School of Physics and Technology, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072 (China); Lei, Yinkai; Datta, Aditi; Wang, Guofeng [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States)] [Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261 (United States)

2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

391

A measurement of the neutron to 199Hg magnetic moment ratio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The neutron gyromagnetic ratio has been measured relative to that of the 199Hg atom with an uncertainty of 0.8 ppm. We employed an apparatus where ultracold neutrons and mercury atoms are stored in the same volume and report the result $\\gamma_{\\rm n}/\\gamma_{\\rm Hg} = 3.8424574(30)$.

Afach, S; Ban, G; Bison, G; Bodek, K; Burghoff, M; Chowdhuri, Z; Daum, M; Fertl, M; Franke, B; Geltenbort, P; Green, K; van der Grinten, M G D; Grujic, Z; Harris, P G; Heil, W; Hélaine, V; Henneck, R; Horras, M; Iaydjiev, P; Ivanov, S N; Kasprzak, M; Kermaïdic, Y; Kirch, K; Knecht, A; Koch, H -C; Krempel, J; Ku?niak, M; Lauss, B; Lefort, T; Lemière, Y; Mtchedlishvili, A; Naviliat-Cuncic, O; Pendlebury, J M; Perkowski, M; Pierre, E; Piegsa, F M; Pignol, G; Prashanth, P N; Quéméner, G; Rebreyend, D; Ries, D; Roccia, S; Schmidt-Wellenburg, P; Schnabel, A; Severijns, N; Shiers, D; Smith, K F; Voigt, J; Weis, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Predicted giant magnetic moment on non-{n0m} surfaces of d-wave superconductors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the [1 (1) over bar 0] direction. Observing these predictions in high-T(c) superconductors can provide a strong confirmation of the d-wave scenario for such materials. [S0163-1829(99)50942-9]....

Hu, Chia-Ren; Yan, XZ.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

E-Print Network 3.0 - antiproton magnetic moment Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

& Physics, Harvard University; Oxley, Paul - Department of Physics, College of the Holy Cross Collection: Materials Science ; Physics 2 Antihydrogen from merged plasmas...

394

Tests of CPT and Lorentz symmetry from muon anomalous magnetic dipole moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We derive the relativistic factor for splitting of the $g$-factors of a fermion and its anti-fermion partner, which is important for placing constraints on dimension-5, $CPT$-odd and Lorentz-invariance-violating interactions from experiments performed in a cyclotron. From existing data, we extract limits (1$\\sigma$) on the coupling strengths of the temporal component, $f^0$, of a background field (including the field amplitude), which is responsible for such $g$-factor splitting, with an electron, proton, and muon: $|f^0_e|muon: $| {d}_e^{\\perp} | \\lesssim 10^{-9} ~\\mu_{\\textrm{B}}$, $| {d}_p^{\\perp} | \\lesssim 10^{-9} ~\\mu_{\\textrm{B}}$, $| {d}_n^{\\perp} | \\lesssim 10^{-10} ~\\mu_{\\textrm{B}}$, and $| {d}_\\mu^{\\perp} | \\lesssim 10^{-9} ~\\mu_{\\textrm{B}}$, respectively, in the laboratory frame.

Y. V. Stadnik; B. M. Roberts; V. V. Flambaum

2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

395

Magnetic moment and plasma environment of HD 209458b as determined from Ly? observations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...best fit equals {chi} 2 = 0.081 . Green, the same as red, but excluding broadening...exceeds ? Jup , as predicted by an energy flux scaling model (20, 21). In summary...Yang H. France K. Froning C. S. Green J. C. Stocke J. T. Osterman S...

Kristina G. Kislyakova; Mats Holmström; Helmut Lammer; Petra Odert; Maxim L. Khodachenko

2014-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

396

Quantum electrodynamics calculation of lepton anomalous magnetic moments: Numerical approach to the perturbation theory of QED  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......464-8602, Japan 4 Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics, Cornell...the standard model of the elementary particles, a e can be written...diagram were regarded as an electric circuit in which the Feynman...parameter z i corresponds to the resistance of the line i: for any vertex......

Tatsumi Aoyama; Masashi Hayakawa; Toichiro Kinoshita; Makiko Nio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Migratory magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in tune with the Earth's magnetic field. But how, exactly, do creatures sense magnetism? This is one of the most intriguing questions in modern biology - and also ... move preferentially in a north-south direction. This finding hints at the possible influence of magnetism on their movements. ...

Henry Gee

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

398

Defect-induced magnetism and transport phenomena in epitaxial oxides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

that the transition metal dopants (i.e. Mn) have no influence on the ferromagnetic nature of the zinc oxide, but that localised magnetic moments on intrinsic defects are in fact responsible for the ferromagnetic behaviour. A relation between strain (related to defect...

Schoofs, Frank

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

Measurement of the Magnet Blocks for SSRF Insertion Devices  

SciTech Connect

Two in-vacuum undulators IVU25s and one elliptically polarized undulator EPU100 have been developed for SSRF. Two IVU25s with the same hybrid design contain about 640 Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17} magnet blocks and the dimension of blocks is 65 Wx25 Hx9 D. The EPU100 of the APPLE-II type contains about 690 NdFeB magnet blocks with the dimension of 35 Wx35 Hx25 D. This paper describes the magnetic measurements of these magnet blocks with the Helmholtz coil measurement system for IVU25 magnet blocks and the Hall probe measurement system for EPU100 magnet blocks. The measured maximum magnetic moment deviation and the maximum angle deviation are less than {+-}1.0% and 1.1 deg. respectively both for Sm{sub 2}Co{sub 17} blocks and NdFeB blocks and satisfy the specifications of undulators.

He Yongzhou; Zhang Jidong; Zhou Qiaogen; Qian Zhenmei; Li Yang [Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics, 239 Zhangheng Road, Pudong District, Shanghai (China)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

400

Magnetic Testing of Bonded Magnets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many techniques exist to characterize the magnetic properties of bonded magnets. We will review the common and not so common techniques in use, with emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each one, an...

S. R. Trout

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Magnetism of HgSe:Fe  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The perpendicular and parallel components of the magnetization of the mixed valence system Hg1-xFexSe in the strongly dilute limit (xmagnetic fields up to 20 T. In this interesting semimagnetic semiconductor the overall magnetization is caused simultaneously by Fe3+ (Brillouin paramagnet), Fe2+ (van Vleck paramagnet), and free electrons (diamagnetic de Haas-van Alphen effect). Using a torque magnetometer the various contributions with their anisotropy are individually determined. For very low iron content (xmagnetic moment perpendicular to the magnetic field when applying the field in a nonsymmetric direction of the crystal. Using recent theoretical results on the energy-level diagram of Fe2+ in the Td symmetry of a HgSe host lattice we deduce a spin-orbit level splitting of 2 meV from our experimental data. In contrast to higher concentration samples, both the Brillouin paramagnetism of Fe3+ and the van Vleck paramagnetism of Fe2+ can be attributed to the sum from individual Fe donors with no obvious magnetic interaction between them. Finally, we also have measured de Haas-van Alphen oscillations of the conduction-band electrons with amplitudes of the same order as the paramagnetic background. From the measured crystal-field-induced anisotropy in the magnetic moment we deduce a Fermi-surface anisotropy of about 7%.

U. Zeitler; A. Wittlin; J. C. Maan; W. Dobrowolski; A. Mycielski

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Two-dimensional molecular magnets with weak topological invariant magnetic moments: mathematical prediction of targets for chemical synthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...models, much of the detailed physics of the MM is condensed into...lack some of the interesting physics that is seen in smaller MMs...and DR Lide (eds). 2010 CRC Handbook of chemistry and physics, 91st edn. Boca Raton, FL...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

T violation in radiative $\\beta$ decay and electric dipole moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In radiative $\\beta$ decay, $T$ violation can be studied through a spin-independent $T$-odd correlation. We consider contributions to this correlation by beyond the standard model (BSM) sources of $T$-violation, arising above the electroweak scale. At the same time such sources, parametrized by dimension-6 operators, can induce electric dipole moments (EDMs). As a consequence, the manifestations of the $T$-odd BSM physics in radiative $\\beta$ decay and EDMs are not independent. Here we exploit this connection to show that current EDM bounds already strongly constrain the spin-independent $T$-odd correlation in radiative $\\beta$ decay.

Dekens, W G

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Probing CP violation with the deuteron electric dipole moment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the deuteron as induced by CP-violating operators of dimension 4, 5 and 6 including ?QCD, the EDMs and color EDMs of quarks, four-quark interactions and the Weinberg operator. We demonstrate that the precision goal of the EDM Collaboration’s proposal to search for the deuteron EDM, (1–3)×10-27e cm, will provide an improvement in sensitivity to these sources of one to two orders of magnitude relative to the existing bounds. We consider in detail the level to which CP-odd phases can be probed within the minimal supersymmetric standard model.

Oleg Lebedev; Keith A. Olive; Maxim Pospelov; Adam Ritz

2004-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

405

Probing CP Violation with the Deuteron Electric Dipole Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the deuteron as induced by CP-violating operators of dimension 4, 5 and 6 including theta QCD, the EDMs and color EDMs of quarks, four-quark interactions and the Weinberg operator. We demonstrate that the precision goal of the EDM Collaboration's proposal to search for the deuteron EDM, (1-3)\\times 10^{-27} e cm, will provide an improvement in sensitivity to these sources of one-two orders of magnitude relative to the existing bounds. We consider in detail the level to which CP-odd phases can be probed within the MSSM.

Lebedev, Oleg; Pospelov, Maxim; Ritz, Adam; Lebedev, Oleg; Olive, Keith A.; Pospelov, Maxim; Ritz, Adam

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Probing CP Violation with the Deuteron Electric Dipole Moment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present an analysis of the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the deuteron as induced by CP-violating operators of dimension 4, 5 and 6 including theta QCD, the EDMs and color EDMs of quarks, four-quark interactions and the Weinberg operator. We demonstrate that the precision goal of the EDM Collaboration's proposal to search for the deuteron EDM, (1-3)\\times 10^{-27} e cm, will provide an improvement in sensitivity to these sources of one-two orders of magnitude relative to the existing bounds. We consider in detail the level to which CP-odd phases can be probed within the MSSM.

Oleg Lebedev; Keith A. Olive; Maxim Pospelov; Adam Ritz

2004-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

407

Aerial gamma ray and magnetic survey: Louisville quadrangle, Indiana, Ohio, and Kentucky. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Louisville quadrangle of Kentucky, Ohio and Indiana covers 7250 square miles of the Midwestern Physiographic Province. Thin Paleozoic strata overlie Precambrian basement over most of the area. Quaternary glacial sediments cover some of the Paleozoic sediments in the northeast and northwest. No known uranium deposits occur in the area. Statistical analysis of the radiometric data revealed 90 anomalies. All appear to have cultural associations, but one well-defined group of anomalies have obviously higher uranium concentrations relative to the balance of anomalies in the quadrangle, and are closely associated with the New Albany Shale. These few anomalies are considered significant and suggest that more detailed local resource studies should concentrate in this area. Magnetic data appear to suggest complexities in the Precambrian. No clear structural relationships with the Paleozoic strata can be seen.

Not Available

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Energy of mixing and magnetic state of components of Fe-Mn alloys: A first-principles calculation for the ground state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods of first-principles computer simulation have been used to calculate the magnetic moments at the component atoms and the energies of mixing in substitutional fcc and bcc solid solutions ... iron. It has be...

A. A. Mirzoev; M. M. Yalalov; D. A. Mirzaev

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Complementary polarized neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic reflectometry measurements in Fe/Gd heterostructures : case of inhomogeneous intralayer magnetic structure.  

SciTech Connect

A unified approach combining polarized neutron and resonant x-ray magnetic reflectometry has been applied to determine the magnetic structure in an [Fe(35 {angstrom})/Gd(50 {angstrom})]{sub 5} multilayer as a function of temperature and magnetic field. Simultaneous self-consistent refinement of neutron and x-ray data made it possible to resolve the element-specific magnetization profile in the multilayer with unprecedented accuracy. It is shown that the small number of bilayer periods together with the asymmetric termination (Fe-top, Gd-bottom) lead to unique low-temperature magnetic phases characterized by significant twisting of Fe and Gd magnetic moments and nonuniform distribution of vectorial magnetization within Gd layers. A twisted magnetic state was found to be stable at small magnetic fields and at a low temperature of 20 K, which is well below the compensation temperature of this artificial ferrimagnetic system.

Kravtsov, E.; Haskel, D.; teVelthuis, S. G. E.; Jiang, J. S.; Kirby, B. J.; NIST Center for Neutron Research

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Ward identities and chiral anomalies for coupled fermionic chains  

SciTech Connect

Coupled fermionic chains are usually described by an effective model written in terms of bonding and anti-bonding fermionic fields with linear dispersion in the vicinities of the respective Fermi points. We derive for the first time exact Ward Identities (WI) for this model, proving the existence of chiral anomalies which verify the Adler-Bardeen non-renormalization property. Such WI are expected to play a crucial role in the understanding of the thermodynamic properties of the system. Our results are non-perturbative and are obtained analyzing Grassmann functional integrals by means of constructive quantum field theory methods.

Costa, L. C. [Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-170 Santo André (Brazil)] [Centro de Ciências Naturais e Humanas, Universidade Federal do ABC, 09210-170 Santo André (Brazil); Ferraz, A. [Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59012-970 Natal (Brazil)] [Department of Theoretical and Experimental Physics, International Institute of Physics, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 59012-970 Natal (Brazil); Mastropietro, Vieri [Dipartimento di Matematica F. Enriques, Universitá di Milano, Via C. Saldini 50, 20133 Milano (Italy)] [Dipartimento di Matematica F. Enriques, Universitá di Milano, Via C. Saldini 50, 20133 Milano (Italy)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

Holomorphic Anomaly in Gauge Theory on ALE space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider four-dimensional Omega-deformed N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theory on A1 space and its lift to five dimensions. We find that the partition functions can be reproduced via special geometry and the holomorphic anomaly equation. Schwinger type integral expressions for the boundary conditions at the monopole/dyon point in moduli space are inferred. The interpretation of the five-dimensional partition function as the partition function of a refined topological string on A1x(local P1xP1) is suggested.

Daniel Krefl; Sheng-Yu Darren Shih

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

412

Holomorphic Anomaly in Gauge Theory on ALE space  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider four-dimensional Omega-deformed N=2 supersymmetric SU(2) gauge theory on A1 space and its lift to five dimensions. We find that the partition functions can be reproduced via special geometry and the holomorphic anomaly equation. Schwinger type integral expressions for the boundary conditions at the monopole/dyon point in moduli space are inferred. The interpretation of the five-dimensional partition function as the partition function of a refined topological string on A1x(local P1xP1) is suggested.

Krefl, Daniel

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Contribution to the muon anomaly from superstring-inspired models  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the contribution to the muon anomaly induced by new Yukawa couplings involving heavy-matter E/sub 6/ fields predicted in the framework of superstring theories. We analyze a few models found in the current literature and show that for some of them the effect is on the order of the standard weak contribution. We produce a specific example where the effect could be even larger. Thus, we conclude that an improved (g-2)/sub ..mu../ experiment should be sensitive to such effects, if they happen to exist.

Grifols, J.A.; Mendez, A.; Sola-grave-accent, J.

1986-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

414

Muon g-2 Anomaly and Dark Leptonic Gauge Boson  

SciTech Connect

One of the major motivations to search for a dark gauge boson of MeV-GeV scale is the long-standing muon g-2 anomaly. Because of active searches such as fixed target experiments and rare meson decays, the muon g-2 favored parameter region has been rapidly reduced. With the most recent data, it is practically excluded now in the popular dark photon model. We overview the issue and investigate a potentially alternative model based on the gauged lepton number or U(1)_L, which is under different experimental constraints.

Lee, Hye-Sung [W& M

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Heat kernel, effective action and anomalies in noncommutative theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Being motivated by physical applications (as the phi^4 model) we calculate the heat kernel coefficients for generalised Laplacians on the Moyal plane containing both left and right multiplications. We found both star-local and star-nonlocal terms. By using these results we calculate the large mass and strong noncommutativity expansion of the effective action and of the vacuum energy. We also study the axial anomaly in the models with gauge fields acting on fermions from the left and from the right.

Dmitri V. Vassilevich

2005-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

416

Testing the OPERA Superluminal Neutrino Anomaly at the LHC  

SciTech Connect

The OPERA collaboration has reported the observation of superluminal muon neutrinos, whose speed v{sub {nu}} exceeds that of light c, with (v{sub {nu}}-c)/c {approx_equal} 2.5 x 10{sup -5}. In a recent work, Cohen and Glashow (CG) have refuted this claim by noting that such neutrinos will lose energy, by pair-emission of particles, at unacceptable rates. Following the CG arguments, we point out that pair-emissions consistent with the OPERA anomaly can lead to detectable signals for neutrinos originating from decays of highly boosted top quarks at the LHC, allowing an independent test of the superluminal neutrino hypothesis.

Davoudiasl, Hooman; /Brookhaven; Rizzo, Thomas G.; /SLAC

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Testing the OPERA superluminal neutrino anomaly at the LHC  

SciTech Connect

The OPERA Collaboration has reported the observation of superluminal muon neutrinos, whose speed v{sub v} exceeds that of light c, with (v{sub v}-c)/c {approx_equal} 2.5 x 10{sup -5}. In a recent work, Cohen and Glashow have refuted this claim by noting that such neutrinos will lose energy, by pair emission of particles, at unacceptable rates. Following the Cohen and Glashow arguments, we point out that pair emissions consistent with the OPERA anomaly can lead to detectable signals for neutrinos originating from decays of highly boosted top quarks at the LHC, allowing an independent test of the superluminal neutrino hypothesis.

Davoudiasl H.; Rizzo, T.

2011-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

418

A Large Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Large Self-Potential Anomaly And Its Changes On The Quiet Mt Fuji, Japan Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Self-potential (SP) surveys were carried out on Mt. Fuji volcano, Japan, and an intense positive anomaly (about 2000 mV) was found in the summit area. The positive SP anomaly was stable on 2001 and 2002, but increased 150 mV in amplitude on September 12, 2003, and suddenly decreased 300 mV two weeks later. This amplitude change coincides with the emergence of the fumaroles, which appeared for the first time in 40 years, on the east-northeast flank 6 km apart from the summit. The SP anomaly is thought

419

EMAG2: A 2arc min resolution Earth Magnetic Anomaly Grid compiled from satellite, airborne, and marine magnetic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zealand N. Bournas Geotech Ltd., Aurora, Ontario L4G 4C4, Canada J. Brozena Marine Physics Branch, Naval Geological Survey of Canada, 615 Booth Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E9, Canada J. D. Fairhead GETECH, Kitson House, Elmete Hall, Elmete Lane, Leeds LS8 2LJ, UK School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds

Müller, Dietmar

420

Magnetic Properties of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu)  

SciTech Connect

We report magnetic susceptibility measurements of RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, Er, and Lu) boron-rich rare earth containing borides down to 50 mK. The data suggest a spin glass low temperature state for RB66 (R = Gd, Tb, Ho, and Er) with the freezing temperatures below 1 K. The magnetic properties appear to be influenced by the anisotropy of the magnetic moments, probably via the crystalline electric field effects.

Kim, Hyunsoo; Budko, Serguei; ATanatar, Makariy; Avdashchenko, D.V.; Matovnikov, A.V.; Mitroshenkov, N.V.; Novikov, V.V.; Prozorov, Ruslan

2012-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Pinned magnetization in the antiferromagnet and ferromagnet of an exchange bias system  

SciTech Connect

Using polarized neutron reflectometry, we obtained separate depth profiles for pinned and unpinned magnetization across the interface of a ferromagnet/antiferromagnet bilayer as a function of the sign of exchange bias. The pinned and unpinned magnetization depth profiles are nonuniform and extend well beyond the chemical interface, suggesting an interfacial region magnetically distinct from its surroundings. A model that includes pinned and unpinned moments in the ferromagnet and antiferromagnet is developed for a complete description of the data.

Fitzsimmons, M. R.; Kirby, B. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Roy, S.; Li Zhipan; Roshchin, Igor V.; Schuller, Ivan K. [Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States); Sinha, S. K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 (United States)

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Magnetic field reversals and long-time memory in conducting flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Employing a simple ideal magnetohydrodynamic model in spherical geometry,we show that the presence of either rotation or finite magnetic helicity is sufficient to induce dynamical reversals of the magnetic dipole moment. The statistical character of the model is similar to that of terrestrial magnetic field reversals, with the similarity being stronger when rotation is present.The connection between long time correlations, $1/f$ noise, and statistics of reversals is supported, consistent with earlier suggestions.

Dmitruk, P; Pouquet, A; Servidio, S; Matthaeus, W H

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Nuclear Spin Relaxation and Nuclear Electric Dipole Moments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Proposals that nuclear spin relaxation in an appropriate system could serve as a test for the existence of a nuclear electric dipole moment are examined with attention to the consequences of the fact that the electric field at the nucleus is proportional to the nuclear acceleration. It is found that low-frequency fluctuations of the local electric field are suppressed. In particular, the necessarily negative correlation of the momentum transferred in consecutive collisions of an atom in a gas alters the spectral density of the perturbation, from that of uncorrelated pulses, by the factor ?2?c2(1+?2?c2), where ?c is the mean time between collisions. It follows that fairly low gas density is preferable to high. At optimum density a light gas at room temperature carrying electric dipole moments of magnitude e×10-14 cm should have a spin relaxation time, in the absence of competing processes, of around 10 minutes. A formula is given for the electrically induced spin relaxation rate in a crystal. The process is hopelessly slow. In the electric coupling of the lattice vibrations to the spin the ordinarily dominant "two-phonon" or "Raman" process is absent, because of the linearity of the connection between local electric field and nuclear motion.

E. M. Purcell

1960-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Search for a permanent electric dipole moment using liquid 129Xe  

SciTech Connect

Search for an electric dipole moment is one of the best motivated low-energy approaches for investigating physics beyond the Standard Model. Our experimental effort is focused on improving the limit on EDM in liquid 129Xe to put constraints on nuclear CP-violating interactions. High nuclear spin density and high electrical breakdown strength make 129Xe a promising medium for EDM searches. At the time the project started, the transverse nuclear spin relaxation time T2 of 129Xe was unknown. We made measurements of T2 using NMR spin-echo techniques and found that it is exceeds 1300 sec, the longest relaxation time ever measured in a liquid [1]. We also began to investigate non-linear dipolar interaction effects in a high-density spin-polarized liquid Xe. In the second iteration of the experiment we setup a high-Tc SQUID system in magnetic shields and performed detailed studies of Xe spin precession. We developed a model for non-linear dipolar interactions and found that for one set of conditions non-linear interactions can delay spin dephasing due to magnetic field gradients, while for another set of conditions they can lead to exponential amplification of the spin precession signals [2]. Our experimental data were in good quantitative agreement with predictions of the model. We also developed a series of numerical simulations to understand various imperfections in the system and made detailed experimental measurements to confirm these numerical predictions [3]. We demonstrated that non-linear interactions can amplify small precession signals and achieved an amplification factor of 10 [4]. This general phenomenon can be used in other precision measurements with non-linear interactions. We also explored practical applications of the liquid Xe system that we developed. We demonstrated that by mixing Xe with organic liquids, such as cyclopentane, one can enhance the proton spin polarization by a factor of 106 [5]. We have used this technique to perform the first measurement of the scalar J-coupling between nuclear spins in van-der-Waals molecules, something that has never been observed before. More recently, we constructed a liquid-He apparatus to acquire Xe spin precession data using a low-Tc SQUID and achieved a signal-to-noise ratio of 106. We are currently investigating factors affecting the stability of Xe spin precession signals in this system using a superconducting magnetic shield and a persistent current magnetic field coil.

PROFESSOR MICHAEL ROMALIS

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

425

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines. 3 figs.

Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

1987-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

426

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Stone, Roger R. (Walnut Creek, CA); Fabyan, Joseph (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Optical Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic dipole radiation one fourth as intense as electric dipole radiation, as well as a novel nonlinear magneto-optical effect are reported in dielectric media.

Oliveira, Samuel L; Rand, Stephen C

428

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

429

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly detection based Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Information Sciences Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 41 ACM SIGCOMM INTERNET MEASUREMENT WORKSHOP 2001 1 Characteristics of Network Traffic Flow Anomalies...

430

E-Print Network 3.0 - assisted anomaly mediation Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

environments. Surface waters are typically LREE depleted... to the North America Shale Composite), have strongly negative Ce anomalies (Ce Ce*NASC ranges from 0.02 to...

431

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly-based network intrusion Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Technologies and Information Sciences 5 INTRUSION DETECTION IN MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS Summary: is anomaly-based intrusion detection which profiles the symptoms...

432

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly guandong nuclear Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

guandong nuclear Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anomaly guandong nuclear Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 An Integrated Scheme for...

433

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly evaluating newly Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

OF THE ROYAL METEOROLOGICAL SOCIETY Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 00: 120 (2010) Summary: salinity anomaly near the eastern bound- ary. The newly emerged density gradient at around...

434

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly grass valley Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to work in partnership with the geothermal... Calvin, Mark Coolbaugh, and Chris Kratt Remote Sensing for Mapping Mineralogy and Thermal Anomalies Hymap Source: Faulds, James E....

435

E-Print Network 3.0 - anomaly-based intrusion detection Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and future anomaly-based intrusion detection systems. 1... arsenal, and the focus of this work, is the ... Source: Maxion, Roy - School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon...

436

E-Print Network 3.0 - atmospheric neutrino anomaly Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Physics Group Collection: Physics 15 Vol. 30 (1999) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA B No 11 PHENOMENOLOGY OF NEUTRINO MASSES Summary: ; Atmospheric neutrino anomaly: Interpreted as...

437

Magnetic Field Safety Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety Training Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain...

438

Gauge field, strings, solitons, anomalies and the speed of life  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It's been said that "mathematics is biology's next microscope, only better; biology is mathematics' next physics, only better". Here we aim for something even better. We try to combine mathematical physics and biology into a picoscope of life. For this we merge techniques which have been introduced and developed in modern mathematical physics, largely by Ludvig Faddeev to describe objects such as solitons and Higgs and to explain phenomena such as anomalies in gauge fields. We propose a synthesis that can help to resolve the protein folding problem, one of the most important conundrums in all of science. We apply the concept of gauge invariance to scrutinize the extrinsic geometry of strings in three dimensional space. We evoke general principles of symmetry in combination with Wilsonian universality and derive an essentially unique Landau-Ginzburg energy that describes the dynamics of a generic string-like configuration in the far infrared. We observe that the energy supports topological solitons, that pertain to an anomaly in the manner how a string is framed around its inflection points. We explain how the solitons operate as modular building blocks from which folded proteins are composed. We describe crystallographic protein structures by multi-solitons with experimental precision, and investigate the non-equilibrium dynamics of proteins under varying temperature. We simulate the folding process of a protein at in vivo speed and with close to pico-scale accuracy using a standard laptop computer: With pico-biology as mathematical physics' next pursuit, things can only get better.

Antti J. Niemi

2014-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

439

Reexamination of nuclear quadrupole moments in 39?41K isotopes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear quadrupole moments (Q's) in three isotopes of the potassium atom (K) with mass numbers 39, 40, and 41 are evaluated more precisely in this work. The Q value of 39K is determined to be 0.0614(6) b by combining the available experimental result of the electric quadrupole hyperfine structure constant (B) with our calculated B/Q result of its 4P3/2 state. Furthermore, combining this Q value with the measured ratios Q(40K)/Q(39K) and Q(41K)/Q(39K), we obtain Q(40K)=?0.0764(8)b and Q(41K)=0.0747(7)b, respectively. These results disagree with the sub-1% accuracy standard values recently quoted by Pyykkö [Mol. Phys. 106, 1965 (2008)]. The calculations were carried out by employing the relativistic coupled-cluster theory at the single, double, and involving important valence triple approximation. The accuracies of the calculated B/Q results can be viewed on the basis of comparison between our calculated magnetic dipole hyperfine structure constants (A's) with their corresponding measurements for many low-lying states. Both A and B results in a few more excited states are presented. Also, we find that the latest reported experimental hyperfine structure constant results for the 4P states in 39K are inconsistent with our calculations.

Yashpal Singh; D. K. Nandy; B. K. Sahoo

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

440

Controlling interactions between highly-magnetic atoms with Feshbach resonances  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews current experimental and theoretical progress in the study of dipolar quantum gases of ground and meta-stable atoms with a large magnetic moment. We emphasize the anisotropic nature of Feshbach resonances due to coupling to fast-rotating resonant molecular states in ultracold s-wave collisions between magnetic atoms in external magnetic fields. The dramatic differences in the distribution of resonances of magnetic $^7$S$_3$ chromium and magnetic lanthanide atoms with a submerged 4f shell and non-zero electron angular momentum is analyzed. We focus on Dysprosium and Erbium as important experimental advances have been recently made to cool and create quantum-degenerate gases for these atoms. Finally, we describe progress in locating resonances in collisions of meta-stable magnetic atoms in electronic P states with ground-state atoms, where an interplay between collisional anisotropies and spin-orbit coupling exists.

Svetlana Kotochigova

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

RKKY interaction between extended magnetic defect lines in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Of fundamental interest in the field of spintronics is the mechanism of indirect exchange coupling between magnetic impurities embedded in metallic hosts. A range of physical features, such as magnetotransport and overall magnetic moment formation, are predicated upon this magnetic coupling, often referred to as the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) interaction. Recent theoretical studies on the RKKY in graphene have been motivated by possible spintronic applications of magnetically doped graphene systems. In this paper a combination of analytic and numerical techniques are used to examine the effects of defect dimensionality on such an interaction. We show, in a mathematically transparent manner, that moving from single magnetic impurities to extended lines of impurities effectively reduces the dimensionality of the system and increases the range of the interaction. This has important consequences for the spintronic application of magnetically-doped systems, and we illustrate this with a simple magnetoresistance device.

P. D. Gorman; J. M. Duffy; S. R. Power; M. S. Ferreira

2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

442

Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Unexpected Angular Dependence of Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Unexpected Angular Dependence of X-Ray Magnetic Linear Dichroism Print Wednesday, 29 August 2007 00:00 Using spectroscopic information for magnetometry and magnetic microscopy obviously requires detailed theoretical understanding of spectral shape and magnitude of dichroism signals. A research team at ALS Beamline 4.0.2 has now shown unambiguously that, contrary to common belief, spectral shape and magnitude of x-ray magnetic linear dichroism (XMLD) are not only determined by the relative orientation of magnetic moments and x-ray polarization, but their orientation relative to the crystallographic axes must be taken into account for accurate interpretation of XMLD data. Magnetism and X Rays

443

Gravity and magnetic data of Midway Valley, southwest Nevada  

SciTech Connect

Detailed gravity and ground magnetic data collected along five traverses across Midway Valley on the eastern flank of Yucca Mountain in southwest Nevada are described. These data were collected as part of an effort to evaluate faulting in the vicinity of proposed surface facilities for a potential nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. Geophysical data show that Midway Valley is bounded by large gravity and magnetic anomalies associated with the Bow Ridge and Paintbrush Canyon faults, on the west side of Exile Hill and on the west flank of Fran Ridge, respectively. In addition, Midway Valley itself is characterized by a number of small-amplitude anomalies that probably reflect small-scale faulting beneath Midway Valley.

Ponce, D.A.; Langenheim, V.E.; Sikora, R.F. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Eruption In 1986 As Estimated From Repeated Airborne Magnetic Surveys Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A 3D Magnetic Structure Of Izu-Oshima Volcano And Their Changes After The Eruption In 1986 As Estimated From Repeated Airborne Magnetic Surveys Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: A 3D magnetic inversion method using a conjugate gradient method (CG method) was developed for constructing 3D magnetization models of a volcanic edifice and applied to aeromagnetic anomalies of Izu-Oshima Volcano surveyed in 1986 and in 1997. The calculated results of the 1986 data show that the volcanic edifice of Izu-Oshima Volcano has a mean magnetization intensity ranging from 10.4 to 12.1 A/m. The derived 3D

445

Magnetic insulation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... by Winterberg1, led me to look into the background of the idea of 'magnetic insulation'. The purpose of this letter is to point out that the scheme described in ... were presented earlier in a longer article2. In that article he suggested that 'magnetic insulation' might make possible a transformer for 109 V. A year later the same objections ...

JOHN P. BLEWETT

1974-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

446

Magnetism1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... is reached, the rate of diminution becomes very rapid indeed, until, finally, the magnetism of the iron disappears at the same time as for small forces. Instead of ... a lower maximum, and its rise is less rapid. The critical temperature at which magnetism disappears changes rapidly with the composition of the steel. For very soft charcoal iron ...

1890-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

447

Magnetism Group  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of the Institute of Physics and the Physical Society has announced the establishment of a Magnetism Group. The aim of the new Group is to further interest in ... Group. The aim of the new Group is to further interest in magnetism by holding regular discussion meetings and in other ways. It is intended that these ...

1965-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

448

Terrestrial Magnetism*  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... A similar investigation of the effect of the moon's action on terrestrial magnetism requires a series of observations made at much less distant intervals than the monthly ones ... heat, from the central body of our system, or merely having its own inherent magnetism modified by solar action, then we must choose as our unit the lunation, or ...

1873-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

449

Terrestrial Magnetism*  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... IN bringing before you this evening, gentlemen, the subject of terrestrial magnetism, it is not my intention to attempt to present you with an exhaustive paper ... clearly as I am able, what is the actual condition of our knowledge respecting the magnetism of the globe, and what the nature of its complex variations, without, however, ...

1873-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

Terrestrial Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE present activity of the department of terrestrial magnetism of the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the largeness of its future aims are alike ... a “progress report” which he contributes to the latest (March) number of Terrestrial Magnetism. The department, which has lately entered on its eleventh year, has under construetion ...

C. CHREE

1914-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

451

Remanent Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... STUDY of the natural remanent magnetism of rocks is becoming a familiar method for determining the direction of the Earth's ... the geomagnetic poles or of the continents themselves. An alternative use for measurements of remanent magnetism, namely, the determination of the temperature of formation of pyroclastic deposits, is described ...

1958-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

452

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

1985-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

453

A model study of the impact of magnetic field structure on atmospheric composition during solar proton events  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model study of the impact of magnetic field structure on atmospheric composition during solar is possible into regions that are at the moment effectively shielded by the Earth's magnetic field. A two (process, timescale, magnetostratigraphy); 1650 Global Change: Solar variability; 2716 Magnetospheric

Steinhoff, Heinz-Jürgen

454

Coherence of magnetic resonators in a metamaterial  

SciTech Connect

The coherence of periodic magnetic resonators (MRs) under oblique incidence is studied using simulations. The correlated phase of interaction including both the retardation effect and relative phase difference between two MRs is defined, and it plays a key role in the MR interaction. The correlated phase is anisotropic, as is the coherence condition. The coherence condition is the same as the Wood's anomaly and verified by the Fano resonance. This study shows that the applications of the Fano resonance of periodic MRs will become widespread owing to achieving the Fano resonance simply by tuning the incident angle.

Hou, Yumin, E-mail: ymhou@pku.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)] [State Key Laboratory for Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

455

Superconducting Magnets  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Ringbeschleunigern höhere Energien erreichen. Weil supraleitende Spulen keinen elektrischen Widerstand aufweisen, können damit stärkere Magnetfelder erzeugt werden. In normal leitenden Elektromagneten wird - wegen des elektrischen Widerstands der Drähte - die Spule aufgeheizt. Auf diese Weise geht sehr viel Energie in Form von Wärme verloren, was die Energiekosten dieser Magnete in die Höhe treibt. Supraleitende Spulen erlauben es, Magnete grosser Feldstärke unter günstigen Bedingungen zu betreiben und damit die Energiekosten zu senken. Durch den Einbau supraleitender Spulen in den Ringbeschleuniger von Fermilab konnte dessen Energie verdoppelt werden.Auch der im Bau befindliche "Large Hadron Collider" am CERN wird supraleitende Magnete

456

Magnetic nanotubes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetic nanotube includes bacterial magnetic nanocrystals contacted onto a nanotube which absorbs the nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are contacted on at least one surface of the nanotube. A method of fabricating a magnetic nanotube includes synthesizing the bacterial magnetic nanocrystals, which have an outer layer of proteins. A nanotube provided is capable of absorbing the nanocrystals and contacting the nanotube with the nanocrystals. The nanotube is preferably a peptide bolaamphiphile. A nanotube solution and a nanocrystal solution including a buffer and a concentration of nanocrystals are mixed. The concentration of nanocrystals is optimized, resulting in a nanocrystal to nanotube ratio for which bacterial magnetic nanocrystals are immobilized on at least one surface of the nanotubes. The ratio controls whether the nanocrystals bind only to the interior or to the exterior surfaces of the nanotubes. Uses include cell manipulation and separation, biological assay, enzyme recovery, and biosensors.

Matsui, Hiroshi (Glen Rock, NJ); Matsunaga, Tadashi (Tokyo, JP)

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

457

Electric Dipole Moments in PseudoDirac Gauginos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The SUSY CP problem is one of serious problems in construction of realistic supersymmetric standard models. We consider the problem in a framework in which adjoint chiral multiplets are introduced and gauginos have Dirac mass terms induced by a U(1) gauge interaction in the hidden sector. This is realized in hidden sector models without singlet chiral multiplets, which are favored from a recent study of the Polonyi problem. We find that the dominant contributions to electron and neutron electric dipole moments (EDMs) in the model come from phases in the supersymmetric adjoint mass terms. When the supersymmetric adjoint masses are suppressed by a factor of \\sim 100 compared with the Dirac ones, the electron and neutron EDMs are suppressed below the experimental bound even if the SUSY particle masses are around 1 TeV. Thus, this model works as a framework to solve the SUSY CP problem.

Junji Hisano; Minoru Nagai; Tatsuya Naganawa; Masato Senami

2006-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

Nuclear Electric Dipole Moments in Chiral Effective Field Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide the first consistent and complete calculation of the electric dipole moments of the deuteron, helion, and triton in the framework of chiral effective field theory. The CP-conserving and CP-violating interactions are treated on equal footing and we consider CP-violating one-, two-, and three-nucleon operators up to next-to-leading-order in the chiral power counting. In particular, we calculate for the first time EDM contributions induced by the CP-violating three-pion operator. We find that effects of CP-violating nucleon-nucleon contact interactions are larger than those found in previous studies based on phenomenological models for the CP-conserving nucleon-nucleon interactions. Our results are model-independent and can be used to test various scenarios of CP violation. As examples, we study the implications of our results on the QCD $\\theta$-term and the minimal left-right symmetric model.

Bsaisou, J; Hanhart, C; Liebig, S; Meißner, Ulf-G; Minossi, D; Nogga, A; Wirzba, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Covariant Spectator Theory of np scattering: Deuteron Quadrupole Moment  

The deuteron quadrupole moment is calculated using two CST model wave functions obtained from the 2007 high precision fits to $np$ scattering data. Included in the calculation are a new class of isoscalar $np$ interaction currents automatically generated by the nuclear force model used in these fits. The prediction for model WJC-1, with larger relativistic P-state components, is $2.5\\%$ smaller that the experiential result, in common with the inability of models prior to 2014 to predict this important quantity. However, model WJC-2, with very small P-state components, gives agreement to better than 1\\%, similar to the results obtained recently from $\\chi$EFT predictions to order N$^3$LO.

Gross, Franz

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

The moments of Minkowski ?(x) function: dyadic period functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine the generating function of moments of the Minkowski question mark function ?(x), which describes the distribution or rationals according to their continued fraction expansion. It appears that the generating function possesses certain modular properties and is defined in the cut plane. The exponential generating function satisfies the integral equation, with kernel being the Bessel function of the first kind. Finally, the solution of this integral equation leads to the definition of dyadic period functions of weight 2 and index lambda. Such a form is defined and is holomorphic in the cut plane, it satisfies the semi-modular functional equation, and it exists for every lambda which is the eigen-value of the properly defined Hilbert-Schmidt integral operator.

Alkauskas, Giedrius

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

CIP/multi-moment finite volume method with arbitrary order of accuracy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a general formulation of the CIP/multi-moment finite volume method (CIP/MM FVM) for arbitrary order of accuracy. Reconstruction up to arbitrary order can be built on single cell by adding extra derivative moments at the cell boundary. The volume integrated average (VIA) is updated via a flux-form finite volume formulation, whereas the point-based derivative moments are computed as local derivative Riemann problems by either direct interpolation or approximate Riemann solvers.

Xiao, Feng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Shell model estimate of electric dipole moment in medium and heavy nuclei  

SciTech Connect

The nuclear electric dipole moment (EDM) and the nuclear Schiff moment for the lowest 1/2{sup +} state of {sup 129}Xe are investigated in terms of the nuclear shell model. We estimate the upper limit for the EDM of neutral {sup 129}Xe atom using the Schiff moment. We also estimate the upper limit of the nuclear EDM, which may be directly measured through ionic atoms.

Yoshinaga, Naotaka [Department of Physics, Saitama University, Saitama City 338-8570 (Japan); Higashiyama, Koji [Department of Physics, Chiba Institute of Technology, Narashino, Chiba 275-0023 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

463

Innovative Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers: Rotating Permanent Magnet Inspection  

SciTech Connect

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they may encounter. To facilitate inspection of these ''unpiggable'' pipelines, recent inspection development efforts have focused on a new generation of powered inspection platforms that are able to crawl slowly inside a pipeline and can maneuver past the physical barriers that limit internal inspection applicability, such as bore restrictions, low product flow rate, and low pressure. The first step in this research was to review existing inspection technologies for applicability and compatibility with crawler systems. Most existing inspection technologies, including magnetic flux leakage and ultrasonic methods, had significant implementation limitations including mass, physical size, inspection energy coupling requirements and technology maturity. The remote field technique was the most promising but power consumption was high and anomaly signals were low requiring sensitive detectors and electronics. After reviewing each inspection technology, it was decided to investigate the potential for a new inspection method. The new inspection method takes advantage of advances in permanent magnet strength, along with their wide availability and low cost. Called rotating permanent magnet inspection (RPMI), this patent pending technology employs pairs of permanent magnets rotating around the central axis of a cylinder to induce high current densities in the material under inspection. Anomalies and wall thickness variations are detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. This inspection method is an alternative to the common concentric coil remote field technique that induces low-frequency eddy currents in ferromagnetic pipes and tubes. Since this is a new inspection method, both theory and experiment were used to determine fundamental capabilities and limitations. Fundamental finite element modeling analysis and experimental investigations performed during this development have led to the derivation of a first order analytical equation for designing rotating magnetizers to induce current and positioning sensors to record signals from anomalies. Experimental results confirm the analytical equation and the finite element calculations provide a firm basis for the design of RPMI systems. Experimental results have shown that metal loss anomalies and wall thickness variations can be detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. The design exploits the phenomenon that circumferential currents are easily detectable at distances well away from the magnets. Current changes at anomalies were detectable with commercial low cost Hall Effect sensors. Commercial analog to digital converters can be used to measure the sensor output and data analysis can be performed in real time using PC computer systems. The technology was successfully demonstrated during two blind benchmark tests where numerous metal loss defects were detected. For this inspection technology, the detection threshold is a function of wall thickness and corrosion depth. For thinner materials, the detection threshold was experimentally shown to be comparable to magnetic flux leakage. For wall thicknesses greater than three tenths of an inch, the detection threshold increases with wall thickness. The potential for metal loss anomaly sizing was demonstrated in the second benchmarking study, again with accuracy comparable to existing magnetic flux leakage technologies. The rotating permanent magnet system has the potential for inspecting unpiggable pipelines since the magnetizer configurations can be sufficiently small with respect to the bore of the pipe to pass obstructions that limit the application of many i

J. Bruce Nestleroth; Richard J. Davis; Stephanie Flamberg

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

Low-energy planar magnetic defects in BaFe2As2: Nanotwins, twins, antiphase, and domain boundaries  

SciTech Connect

In BaFe2As2, structural and magnetic planar defects begin to proliferate below the structural phase transition, affecting descriptions of magnetism and superconductivity. We study, using density-functional theory, the stability and magnetic properties of competing antiphase and domain boundaries, twins and isolated nanotwins (twin nuclei), and spin excitations proposed and/or observed. These nanoscale defects have a very low surface energy (22–210 m Jm?2), with twins favorable to the mesoscale. Defects exhibit smaller moments confined near their boundaries—making a uniform-moment picture inappropriate for long-range magnetic order in real samples. Nanotwins explain features in measured pair distribution functions so should be considered when analyzing scattering data. All these defects can be weakly mobile and/or can have fluctuations that lower assessed “ordered” moments from longer spatial and/or time averaging and should be considered directly.

Khan, Suffian N. [Ames Laboratory; Alam, Aftab [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane D. [Ames Laboratory

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

465

Proposal for a Sensitive Search for the Electric Dipole Moment of the Electron with Matrix-Isolated Radicals  

SciTech Connect

We propose using matrix-isolated paramagnetic diatomic molecules to search for the electric dipole moment of the electron (eEDM). As was suggested by Shapiro in 1968, the eEDM leads to a magnetization of a sample in the external electric field. In a typical condensed matter experiment, the effective field on the unpaired electron is of the same order of magnitude as the laboratory field, typically about 10{sup 5} V/cm. We exploit the fact that the effective electric field inside heavy polar molecules is on the order of 10{sup 10} V/cm. This leads to a huge enhancement of the Shapiro effect. Statistical sensitivity of the proposed experiment may allow one to improve the current limit on eEDM by 3 orders of magnitude in a few hours accumulation time.

Kozlov, M. G.; Derevianko, Andrei [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina 188300 (Russian Federation); Department of Physics, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada 89557 (United States)

2006-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

466

Magnetic measurements aboard a stratospheric balloon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have measured the total intensity of the Earth's magnetic field above the western Mediterranean along a 2000 km profile, flown at an altitude of 40 km. A proton magnetometer was aboard a CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales) stratospheric balloon. The core field and transient external field contributions have been carefully determined and removed from the data. The resulting profile reveals significant anomalies of 10–20 nT amplitudes with 100–1200 km wavelengths. These anomalies have a clear crustal origin, and can be related to heterogeneities in magnetisation in the oceanic Algero-Provençal basin and to major faults of the Spanish continental crust. Comparison of our new data with previous data obtained over the same area, at about 1 km altitude (aeromagnetic surveys) and about 400 km altitude (MAGSAT), demonstrates the potential of stratospheric balloon measurements in bridging the 200–1500 km gap that exists in the knowledge of crustal anomalies, a gap that is unavoidable if only aeromagnetic and satellite—like MAGSAT—data are used.

Y. Cohen; M. Menvielle; J.L. Le Mouel

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Structural and Magnetic Properties of Co-Mn-Sb Thin films  

SciTech Connect

Thin Co-Mn-Sb films of different compositions were investigated and utilized as electrodes in alumina based magnetic tunnel junctions with CoFe counterelectrode. The preparation conditions were optimized with respect to magnetic and structural properties. The Co-Mn-Sb/Al-O interface was analyzed by x-ray absorption spectroscopy and magnetic circular dichroism with particular focus on the element-specific magnetic moments. Co-Mn-Sb crystallizes in different complex cubic structures depending on its composition. The magnetic moments of Co and Mn are ferromagnetically coupled in all cases. A tunnel magnetoresistance ratio of up to 24% at 13 K was found and indicates that Co-Mn-Sb is not a ferromagnetic half-metal. These results are compared to recent works on the structure and predictions of the electronic properties.

Meinert, M.; Schmalhorst, J.-M.; Ebke, D.; Liu, N. N.; Thomas, A.; Reiss, G.; Kanak, J.; Stobiecki, T.; Arenholz, E.

2009-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

468

Electron electric dipole moment experiment using electric-field quantized slow cesium atoms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-51xxx Electron electric dipole momentexperiment using electric-?eld quantized slow cesium atomsA proof-of-principle electron electric dipole moment (e-EDM)

Amini, Jason M.; Munger Jr., Charles T.; Gould, Harvey

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

PROGRESS TOWARD A MEASUREMENT OF THE ELECTRON ELECTRICAL DIPOLE MOMENT USING ULTRA-COLD ATOMS.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In this thesis, the basic principles of the C, P, T symmetries are introduced and the experiments to measure the electric dipole moment (EDM) are… (more)

Fang, Fang

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Solar Flare Intermittency and the Earth's Temperature Anomalies Nicola Scafetta1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Flare Intermittency and the Earth's Temperature Anomalies Nicola Scafetta1,2 and Bruce J; published 17 June 2003) We argue that Earth's short-term temperature anomalies and the solar flare data sets that corresponds to the one that would be induced by the solar flare intermittency. The mean

Scafetta, Nicola

471

Core-softened Fluids, Water-like Anomalies and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Points  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. INTRODUCTION Water is characterized by well-known thermodynamic and kinetic liquid-state anomalies; for examplePREPRINT Core-softened Fluids, Water-like Anomalies and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Points Evy simulations are used to examine the relationship between water-like anoma- lies and the liquid-liquid critical

Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

472

Anomaly Detection in Medical Wireless Sensor Networks using SVM and Linear Regression Models  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper details the architecture and describes the preliminary experimentation with the proposed framework for anomaly detection in medical wireless body area networks for ubiquitous patient and healthcare monitoring. The architecture integrates novel ... Keywords: Healthcare Monitoring, Malicious Attacks, Medical Systems, Patient Anomaly Detection, Sensor Faults, Wireless Body Area Networks

Osman Salem, Alexey Guerassimov, Ahmed Mehaoua, Anthony Marcus, Borko Furht

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Can North Atlantic Sea Ice Anomalies Account for DansgaardOeschger Climate Signals?*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The presence of sea ice lowers surface temperature by insulating the atmosphere from the ocean heat reservoirCan North Atlantic Sea Ice Anomalies Account for Dansgaard­Oeschger Climate Signals?* CAMILLE LI 2010) ABSTRACT North Atlantic sea ice anomalies are thought to play an important role in the abrupt

Battisti, David

474

M-anomaly Analyses and its implications for the architecture of the upper oceanic crust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

light on the causes of a ubiquitously distributed ?Atlantic anomaly smooth zone? where little coherency among M5-M15 anomaly sequence is observed. For the second theme, I analyzed the architecture of 15 m.y. old superfast spreading East Pacific Rise...

Tominaga, Masako

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

475

Different space weather effects in anomalies of the high and low orbital satellites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Preliminary results of the EU INTAS Project 00810, which aims to improve the methods of safeguarding satellites in the Earth’s magnetosphere from the negative effects of the space environment, are presented. Anomaly data from the “Kosmos” series satellites in the period 1971–1999 are combined in one database, together with similar information on other spacecraft. This database contains, beyond the anomaly information, various characteristics of the space weather: geomagnetic activity indices (Ap, AE and Dst), fluxes and fluences of electrons and protons at different energies, high energy cosmic ray variations and other solar, interplanetary and solar wind data. A comparative analysis of the distribution of each of these parameters relative to satellite anomalies was carried out for the total number of anomalies (about 6000 events), and separately for high (?5000 events) and low (about 800 events) altitude orbit satellites. No relation was found between low and high altitude satellite anomalies. Daily numbers of satellite anomalies, averaged by a superposed epoch method around sudden storm commencements and proton event onsets for high (>1500 km) and low (Satellites were divided on several groups according to the orbital characteristics (altitude and inclination). The relation of satellite anomalies to the environmental parameters was found to be different for various orbits that should be taken into account under developing of the anomaly frequency models.

L.I. Dorman; A.V. Belov; E.A. Eroshenko; L.I. Gromova; N. Iucci; A.E. Levitin; M. Parisi; N.G. Ptitsyna; L.A. Pustil’nik; M.I. Tyasto; E.S. Vernova; G. Villoresi; V.G. Yanke; I.G. Zukerman

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Simulated Arctic atmospheric feedbacks associated with late summer sea ice anomalies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simulated Arctic atmospheric feedbacks associated with late summer sea ice anomalies A. Rinke,1,2 K depend on regional and decadal variations in the coupled atmosphere-ocean-sea ice system. Citation: Rinke to investigate feedbacks between September sea ice anomalies in the Arctic and atmospheric conditions in autumn

Moore, John

477

Log Summarization and Anomaly Detection for TroubleshootingDistributed Systems  

SciTech Connect

Today's system monitoring tools are capable of detectingsystem failures such as host failures, OS errors, and network partitionsin near-real time. Unfortunately, the same cannot yet be said of theend-to-end distributed softwarestack. Any given action, for example,reliably transferring a directory of files, can involve a wide range ofcomplex and interrelated actions across multiple pieces of software:checking user certificates and permissions, getting details for allfiles, performing third-party transfers, understanding re-try policydecisions, etc. We present an infrastructure for troubleshooting complexmiddleware, a general purpose technique for configurable logsummarization, and an anomaly detection technique that works in near-realtime on running Grid middleware. We present results gathered using thisinfrastructure from instrumented Grid middleware and applications runningon the Emulab testbed. From these results, we analyze the effectivenessof several algorithms at accurately detecting a variety of performanceanomalies.

Gunter, Dan; Tierney, Brian L.; Brown, Aaron; Swany, Martin; Bresnahan, John; Schopf, Jennifer M.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

New look at the QCD ground state in a magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore chiral symmetry breaking in a magnetic field within a Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model of interacting massless quarks including tensor channels. We show that the new interaction channels open up via Fierz identities due to the explicit breaking of the rotational symmetry by the magnetic field. We demonstrate that the magnetic catalysis of chiral symmetry breaking leads to the generation of two independent condensates, the conventional chiral condensate and a spin-one condensate. While the chiral condensate generates a dynamical fermion mass, the new condensate gives rise to a dynamical anomalous magnetic moment for the fermions. As a consequence, the spectrum of the excitations in all Landau levels, except the lowest one, exhibits Zeeman splitting. Since the pair, formed by a quark and an antiquark with opposite spins, possesses a resultant magnetic moment, an external magnetic field can align it giving rise to a net magnetic moment for the ground state. This is the physical interpretation of the spin-one condensate. Our results show that the magnetically catalyzed ground state in QCD is actually richer than previously thought. The two condensates contribute to the effective mass of the LLL quasiparticles in such a way that the critical temperature for chiral symmetry restoration becomes enhanced.

Efrain J. Ferrer; Vivian de la Incera; Israel Portillo; Matthew Quiroz

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

479

Linear chain magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Linear chain magnetism ... A brief introduction to this concept, which is also called lower dimensional magnetism. ...

Richard L. Carlin

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Magnetic properties of carbon doped CdS: A first-principles and Monte Carlo study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Carbon doping of CdS is studied using first-principles calculations and Monte Carlo simulation. Our calculations predict ferromagnetism in C doped CdS, resulting from carbon substitution of sulfur. A single carbon substitution of sulfur favors a spin-polarized state with a magnetic moment of 1.22?B. Ferromagnetic coupling is generally observed between these magnetic moments. A transition temperature of 270K is predicted through Monte Carlo simulation. The ferromagnetism of C doped CdS can be explained by the hole-mediated double exchange mechanism.

Hui Pan; Yuan Ping Feng; Qin Yun Wu; Zhi Gao Huang; Jianyi Lin

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnetic moment anomaly" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Correlation of chemical coordination and magnetic ordering in Sr3YCo4O10.5+? (?=0.02 and 0.26)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The crystal structure and magnetic ordering in Sr3YCo4O10.5+?, ?=0.02 and 0.26 compounds have been revisited in a detailed neutron diffraction study. The ordering is of G-type, with the magnetic Co moments being aligned along the c axis of the tetragonal cells. In contrast to the previous studies, we, however, find an important peculiarity of the magnetic structures in the title compounds, namely, the magnetic moment magnitudes are different in the layers containing Co ions with different oxygen coordination. Along with the modulation of the coordination type and charge state of Co ions along the c axis, the ordered magnetic moment magnitudes are varying concomitantly and thus the correlation between the charge and spin states of the Co ions has been directly observed.

D. V. Sheptyakov; V. Yu. Pomjakushin; O. A. Drozhzhin; S. Ya. Istomin; E. V. Antipov; I. A. Bobrikov; A. M. Balagurov

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

482

Low dimensional magnetism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magnetism in Ultracold Gases 4 Magnetic phase diagram of aMagnetism . . . . . . . . . . . .1.3 Magnetism in condensedIntroduction 1 Brief introduction to magnetism 1.1 Classic

Kjall, Jonas Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Measurement of the spectroscopic quadrupole moment of Au186: Experimental verification of the large prolate deformation of the186Au ground state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the first on-line measurements of quadrupole-interaction-resolved nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei. The 10-min Au186 activity was obtained as daughter after cold implantation of mass-separated Hg186 into a hcp Co single crystal at the NICOLE facility at ISOLDE-3 (CERN). The quadrupole interaction of Co186(hcp) was fully resolved, and the spectroscopic quadrupole moment of Au186 was determined to be Q=+3.12(20) b. This implies ?2=+0.246(16), proving the large prolate deformation of the Au186 ground state.

B. Hinfurtner; E. Hagn; E. Zech; R. Eder

1991-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

484

Magnetic Viscosity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1 January 1893 research-article Magnetic Viscosity J. Hopkinson E. Wilson F. Lydall The Royal Society is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve, and extend access to Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. www.jstor.org

1893-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Rock magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The past three decades have witnessed a new paradigm, the plate tectonics paradigm, in Earth sciences. The record of the Earth's magnetic field stored in rocks played a major role in the establishment of this par...

Ronald T. Merrill

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: II. The strontium zirconatetitanate Sr(Zr,Ti)O  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: II. The strontium.1088/0953-8984/21/1/015902 Elastic anomalies associated with transformation sequences in perovskites: II. The strontium zirconate

Cambridge, University of

487

Learning About Magnets!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory Learning About Name A magnet is a material or object that creates a magnetic fi eld. This fi eld is invisible, but it creates a force that can "attract" or "repel" other magnets and magnetic materials, like iron or nickel. What is a Magnet? This bar magnet is a permanent magnet. Permanent magnets can be found in the Earth as rocks and metals. Magnets have

488

Controlling Magnetism at the Nanoscale  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Manipulation of Magnetism - External148 Conclusion A The Magnetism Cheat Sheet A.1 Magnetic157 A.2 Magnetism Unit Conversion

Wong, Jared

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Electromagnetic multipole moments of spin 3/2 particles in NKR formalism  

SciTech Connect

In this work we present results for Compton scattering off spin 3/2 particles in NKR formalism and relate the behavior of the cross section to the electromagnetic multipole moments of the particle included by this formalism. We obtain expressions for such multipole moments using model independent definitions.

Delgado A, E. German; Napsuciale, Mauro [Instituto de Fisica de la Universidad de Guanajuato, C.P. 37150, Leon, Guanajuato (Mexico)

2009-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

490

Numerical solutions of moment equations for flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical solutions of moment equations for flow in heterogeneous composite aquifers C. L. Winter on the composite media theory of Winter and Tartakovsky [2000, 2002], which allows one to derive and solve moment a representative composite medium to investigate the robustness of perturbation approximations in porous medium

Tartakovsky, Daniel M.

491

Adaptive change of basis in entropy-based moment closures for linear kinetic equations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Entropy-based (M"N) moment closures for kinetic equations are defined by a constrained optimization problem that must be solved at every point in a space-time mesh, making it important to solve these optimization problems accurately and efficiently. ... Keywords: Convex optimization, Entropy-based closures, Kinetic theory, Moment equations, Realizability, Transport

Graham W. Alldredge; Cory D. Hauck; Dianne P. Oleary; André L. Tits

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

SEISMIC PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR STEEL MOMENT FRAMES By Seung-Yul Yun1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SEISMIC PERFORMANCE EVALUATION FOR STEEL MOMENT FRAMES By Seung-Yul Yun1 , Ronald O. Hamburger2 , C than existing buildings designed and built with older technologies. Key words: seismic behavior; seismic performance evaluation; performance-based design; earthquake engineering; steel moment frame

Sweetman, Bert

493

Jefferson Lab's results on the Q^2-evolution of moments of spin structure functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the recent JLab measurements on moments of spin structure functions at intermediate and low Q^2. The Bjorken sum and Burkhardt-Cottingham sum on the neutron are presented. The later appears to hold. Higher moments (generalized spin polarizabilities and d_2^n) are shown and compared to chiral perturbation theory and lattice QCD respectively.

A. Deur

2005-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

494

Extension of Dale's Moment Conditions with Application to the Wright-Fisher Model 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Extension of Dale's Moment Conditions with Application to the Wright-Fisher Model 1 Kurt Helmes2, to evaluate the stationary distribution for the diffusion approximation of the Wright-Fisher model. Key Words. Dale moment conditions, Wright-Fisher model, stationary distribution, linear pro- gramming

Stockbridge, Richard H.

495

Frequency Moments Inverse Problem and Maximum (Shannon vs. R enyi-Tsallis) Entropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) maximization of Shannon's entropy (MaxEnt), b) maximization of R#19;enyi-Tsallis entropy (maxTent). ConcerningEnt 4 1.2 Aims 5 2 Frequency moment constraints 5 2.1 Characteristics of MaxEnt choice 6 2.2 Maximum RFrequency Moments Inverse Problem and Maximum (Shannon vs. R#19;enyi-Tsallis) Entropy #3; A case

496

Fundamental Scientific Problems in Magnetic Recording  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic data storage technology is presently leading the high tech industry in advancing device integration--doubling the storage density every 12 months. To continue these advancements and to achieve terra bit per inch squared recording densities, new approaches to store and access data will be needed in about 3-5 years. In this project, collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Center for Materials for Information Technology (MINT) at University of Alabama (UA), Imago Scientific Instruments, and Seagate Technologies, was undertaken to address the fundamental scientific problems confronted by the industry in meeting the upcoming challenges. The areas that were the focus of this study were to: (1) develop atom probe tomography for atomic scale imaging of magnetic heterostructures used in magnetic data storage technology; (2) develop a first principles based tools for the study of exchange bias aimed at finding new anti-ferromagnetic materials to reduce the thickness of the pinning layer in the read head; (3) develop high moment magnetic materials and tools to study magnetic switching in nanostructures aimed at developing improved writers of high anisotropy magnetic storage media.

Schulthess, T.C.; Miller, M.K.

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

497

2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital 2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital 2012 Energy-Saving Moments in the Nation's Capital January 4, 2013 - 1:02pm Q&A What was your favorite energy-saving moment of 2012? Leave a comment! Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How can I participate? Share your favorite 2012 energy-saving moment with us and your comment may be featured on Energy.gov! To participate use our Q&A tool or send a comment via Facebook or Twitter. As a new year begins, it's only natural to reflect on the previous year's highlights. From celebrating the completion of Washington, DC's first passive solar house to flipping the switch on LED lighting for the National Mall -- for our nation's capital, 2012 was a year for advancing

498

The Anapole Moment of the Deuteron with the Argonne v18 Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We calculate the deuteron anapole moment with the wave functions obtained from the Argonne $v18$ nucleon-nucleon interaction model. The anapole moment operators are considered at the leading order. To minimize the uncertainty due to a lack of current conservation, we calculate the matrix element of the anapole moment from the original definition. In virtue of accurate wave functions, we can obtain a more precise value of the deuteron anapole moment which contains less uncertainty than the former works. We obtain a result reduced by more than 25% in the magnitude of the deuteron anapole moment. The reduction of individual nuclear contributions is much more important however, varying from a factor 2 for the spin part to a factor 4 for the convection and associated two-body currents.

Chang Ho Hyun; Bertrand Desplanques

2002-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

499

The anapole moment of the deuteron with the Argonne v18 nucleon–nucleon interaction model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We calculate the nuclear part of the deuteron anapole moment with the wave functions obtained from the Argonne v18 nucleon–nucleon interaction model. The anapole moment operators are considered at the leading order. To minimize the uncertainty due to a lack of current conservation, we calculate the matrix element of the anapole moment from the original definition. In virtue of accurate wave functions, we can obtain a more precise value of the deuteron anapole moment which contains less uncertainty than the former works. We obtain a result reduced by more than 25% in the magnitude of the deuteron anapole moment. The reduction of individual nuclear contributions is much more important however, varying from a factor 2 for the spin part to a factor 4 for the convection and associated two-body currents.

Chang Ho Hyun; Bertrand Desplanques

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

SPIN STATE AND MOMENT OF INERTIA CHARACTERIZATION OF 4179 TOUTATIS  

SciTech Connect

The 4.5 km long near-Earth asteroid 4179 Toutatis has made close Earth flybys approximately every four years between 1992 and 2012, and has been observed with high-resolution radar imaging during each approach. Its most recent Earth flyby in 2012 December was observed extensively at the Goldstone and Very Large Array radar telescopes. In this paper, Toutatis' spin state dynamics are estimated from observations of five flybys between 1992 and 2008. Observations were used to fit Toutatis' spin state dynamics in a least-squares sense, with the solar and terrestrial tidal torques incorporated in the dynamical model. The estimated parameters are Toutatis' Euler angles, angular velocity, moments of inertia, and the center-of-mass-center-of-figure offset. The spin state dynamics as well as the uncertainties of the Euler angles and angular velocity of the converged solution are then propagated to 2012 December in order to compare the dynamical model to the most recent Toutatis observations. The same technique of rotational dynamics estimation can be applied to any other tumbling body, given sufficiently accurate observations.

Takahashi, Yu; Scheeres, D. J. [University of Colorado at Boulder, 429 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0429 (United States); Busch, Michael W. [National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 1003 Lopezville Road, Box O, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States)

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z