Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Ground magnetic survey in the Coso Range, California | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground magnetic survey in the Coso Range, California Ground magnetic survey in the Coso Range, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Ground magnetic survey in the Coso Range, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A ground magnetic study was completed in the Coso volcanic field to investigate faulting and associated hydrothermal alteration patterns. The magnetic intensity contours match general geologic patterns in varying rock types. Hydrothermally altered rocks along intersecting fault zones show up as strong magnetic lows that form a triangular-shaped area. This area is centered in an area of highest heat flow and is a site of concentrated fumarolic activity. In the Coso volcanic field the combination of high heat flow, fumarolic activity, magnetic lows, and hydrothermal

2

Random walk of magnetic field lines for different values of the energy-range spectral index  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analytical nonlinear description of field-line wandering in partially statistically magnetic systems was proposed recently [A. Shalchi, I. Kourakis, Astronomy and Astrophysics, 470, 405 (2007)]. In this article we investigate the influence of the wave-spectrum in the energy-range onto field line random walk by applying this formulation. It is demonstrated that in all considered cases we clearly obtain a superdiffusive behaviour of the field-lines. If the energy-range spectral index exceeds unity a free-streaming behaviour of the field-lines can be found for all relevant length-scales of turbulence. Since the superdiffusive results obtained for the slab model are exact, it seems that superdiffusion is the normal behavior of field line wandering.

A. Shalchi; I. Kourakis

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

3

Permanent magnet generators for renewable energy devices with wide speed range and pulsating power delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes the design of a direct-drive permanent-magnet generator for use in a novel sea-wave electrical generator. The basic system is briefly described and the target specification derived from the device and the wave tank performance. The design for the brushless permanent-magnet generators is then developed using SPEED PC-BDC and verified using Finite Element Analysis (PC-FEA). A diode bridge model is also tested using Portunus system simulation.

David G. Dorrell

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Front Range Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy LLC Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Front Range Energy LLC Name Front Range Energy LLC Address 31375 Great Western Dr Place Windsor, Colorado Zip 80550 Sector Biofuels Product Ethanol producer Website http://www.frontrangeenergy.co Coordinates 40.4605154°, -104.8565272° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.4605154,"lon":-104.8565272,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

5

Rangely, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rangely, Colorado: Energy Resources Rangely, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 40.0874759°, -108.8048292° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":40.0874759,"lon":-108.8048292,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

6

Range Fuels | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fuels Fuels Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Range Fuels Name Range Fuels Address 11101 W. 120th Avenue Place Broomfield, Colorado Zip 80021 Sector Biomass Product Uses a thermochemical process to turn biomass into synthetic gas and then fuel Website http://www.rangefuels.com/ Coordinates 39.915572°, -105.122053° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.915572,"lon":-105.122053,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

7

Tests of a calorimetric technique for measuring the energy of cosmic ray muons in the TeV energy range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Previous energy measurements of cosmic ray muons have used magnetic spectrometers to measure the momentum of muons. Measurements using magnets fail for muons in the TeV range because at ultra-high muon energies, ...

A. P. Chikkatur; L. Bugel; A. Alton

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System (Redirected from LEAP) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Long range Energy Alternatives Planning System Agency/Company /Organization: Stockholm Environment Institute Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, - Anaerobic Digestion, - Biofuels, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, - Central Plant, Food Supply, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, - Embodied Energy, - Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Ground Source Heat Pumps, Hydrogen, Industry, - Industrial Processes, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar PV, - Solar Ventilation Preheat, Transportation, Water Conservation, Water Power, Wind

9

Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System Long range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) System Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Long range Energy Alternatives Planning System Agency/Company /Organization: Stockholm Environment Institute Sector: Climate, Energy Focus Area: Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, - Anaerobic Digestion, - Biofuels, - Biomass Combustion, - Biomass Gasification, - Biomass Pyrolysis, - Landfill Gas, - Waste to Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, - Central Plant, Food Supply, Forestry, Geothermal, Goods and Materials, - Embodied Energy, - Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Ground Source Heat Pumps, Hydrogen, Industry, - Industrial Processes, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, - Concentrating Solar Power, - Solar Hot Water, - Solar PV, - Solar Ventilation Preheat, Transportation, Water Conservation, Water Power, Wind

10

Superconducting magnetic energy storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent programmatic developments in Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) have prompted renewed and widespread interest in this field. In mid 1987 the Defense Nuclear Agency, acting for the Strategic Defense Initiative Office, issued a request for proposals for the design and construction of SMES Engineering Test Model (ETM). Two teams, one led by Bechtel and the other by Ebasco, are now engaged in the first phase of the development of a 10 to 20 MWhr ETM. This report presents the rationale for energy storage on utility systems, describes the general technology of SMES, and explains the chronological development of the technology. The present ETM program is outlined; details of the two projects for ETM development are described in other papers in these proceedings. The impact of high T/sub c/ materials on SMES is discussed. 69 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Hassenzahl, W.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Property:Wave Period Range(s) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wave Period Range(s) Wave Period Range(s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Wave Period Range(s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Wave Period Range(s)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + 10.0 + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + 10.0 + A Alden Large Flume + 2.1 + Alden Small Flume + 0.0 + Alden Wave Basin + 1.0 + B Breakwater Research Facility + 0.0 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 0.0 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 0.0 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 0.0 + Chase Tow Tank + 3.1 + Coastal Harbors Modeling Facility + 2.3 +

12

Range Fuels Biorefinery Groundbreaking | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Range Fuels Biorefinery Groundbreaking Range Fuels Biorefinery Groundbreaking Range Fuels Biorefinery Groundbreaking November 6, 2007 - 5:00pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you. And let me say how much it means to have my old friend Vinodh here to introduce me. You are a true pioneer in this industry. I also want to thank Mitch for asking me to be here. It's good to see Tom Dorr from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, our partner in so much of the federal government's biomass research and development and deployment efforts. Gov. Perdue, as always, it's great to be in Georgia and to see the progress occurring here under your leadership. I want to reaffirm our support for governors and state legislators who exhibit the kind of leadership you've shown in developing America's new energy future.

13

Range of High-Energy Interactions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The range of high-energy nucleon-nucleon interactions is examined in a simple single inelastic channel model which consists of the production of two spinless isobars. An almost transparent, purely absorbing optical approximation is made, in which case both the inelastic and elastic angular distributions are sensitive to the variation of the absorption coefficient ?l with angular momentum l. Unlike the case of the strong absorber, the inelastic and elastic interactions are described by different effective ranges. Two examples are given, one in which the inelastic channel has an angular distribution characteristic of a one-pion exchange process and the second in which it is characteristic of a "vacuum Regge pole" exchange.

Freda Salzman

1963-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Long-Range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) Agency/Company /Organization: Stockholm Environmental Institute Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Potentials & Scenarios Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.energycommunity.org/default.asp?action=47 Cost: Free Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/long-range-energy-alternatives-planni

15

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module.

Prueitt, Melvin L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module. 4 figures.

Prueitt, M.L.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

17

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

hydro, compressed air, and battery energy storage are allenergy storage sys tem s suc h as pumped hydro and compressed air.

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Free energies in magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The partition function is calculated exactly at low temperatures and dimensionality one in the presence of a magnetic field for ferromagnetic systems of n-component unit vectors with nearest-neighbor interactions. For n=2 the free energy is proportional to the lowest eigenvalue of Mathieu's equation. Asymptotic solutions for n=3 are also given.

Jorge V. Jos

1976-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Energy of magnetic moment of superconducting current in magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The energy of magnetic moment of the persistent current circulating in superconducting loop in an externally produced magnetic field is not taken into account in the theory of quantization effects because of identification of the Hamiltonian with the energy. This identification misleads if, in accordance with the conservation law, the energy of a state is the energy expended for its creation. The energy of magnetic moment is deduced from a creation history of the current state in magnetic field both in the classical and quantum case. But taking this energy into account demolishes the agreement between theory and experiment. Impartial consideration of this problem discovers the contradiction both in theory and experiment.

V. L. Gurtovoi; A. V. Nikulov

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

20

Discovery Research in Magnetic Fusion Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

magnetic tori? � Fundamental study � Confinement science, heating, sustainment, heat flux to boundariesDiscovery Research in Magnetic Fusion Energy or "How we learn about magnetic containment the shape of the magnetic field � What can we learn by changing magnetic topology? Examples... � Stellarator

Mauel, Michael E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

On the energy range relation for fast muons in rock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A discussion is given of the best estimate of various types of energy loss; the energy-range relation for muons in rock and water is then evaluated....?6 g?1 cm2 fractional nuclear energy losses respectively; w...

M. Mand; L. Ronchi

1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

A Model of Turbulence in Magnetized Plasmas: Implications for the Dissipation Range in the Solar Wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper studies the turbulent cascade of magnetic energy in weakly collisional magnetized plasmas. A cascade model is presented, based on the assumptions of local nonlinear energy transfer in wavenumber space, critical balance between linear propagation and nonlinear interaction times, and the applicability of linear dissipation rates for the nonlinearly turbulent plasma. The model follows the nonlinear cascade of energy from the driving scale in the MHD regime, through the transition at the ion Larmor radius into the kinetic Alfven wave regime, in which the turbulence is dissipated by kinetic processes. The turbulent fluctuations remain at frequencies below the ion cyclotron frequency due to the strong anisotropy of the turbulent fluctuations, k_parallel cyclotron damping. The conditions under which the gyrokinetic cascade reaches the ion cyclotron frequency are established. Cascade model solutions imply that collisionless damping provides a natural explanation for the observed range of spectral indices in the dissipation range of the solar wind. The dissipation range spectrum is predicted to be an exponential fall off; the power-law behavior apparent in observations may be an artifact of limited instrumental sensitivity. The cascade model is motivated by a programme of gyrokinetic simulations of turbulence and particle heating in the solar wind.

Gregory G. Howes; Steven C. Cowley; William Dorland; Gregory W. Hammett; Eliot Quataert; Alexander A. Schekochihin

2007-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

23

Range-energy relation for ultra-relativistic muons  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A range-energy relation for ultra-relativistic muons is calculated: 1) extending the calculation...4...GeV; 2) emploing the Murota-Ueda-Tanaka theory, for the pair production energy loss; 3) utilizing for the nuc...

C. Castagnoli; A. De Maeco; R. Scrimaglio

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Dynamic magnetic susceptibility of systems with long-range magnetic order  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The utility of the TDR as an instrument in the study of magnetically ordered materials has been expanded beyond the simple demonstration purposes. Results of static applied magnetic field dependent measurements of the dynamic magnetic susceptibility, ?, of various ferromagnetic (FM) and antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials showing a range of transition temperatures (1-800 K) are presented. Data was collected primarily with a tunnel diode resonator (TDR) at different radio-frequencies ({approx}10-30 MHz). In the vicinity of TC local moment ferromagnets show a very sharp, narrow peak in ? which is suppressed in amplitude and shifted to higher temperatures as the static bias field is increased. Unexpectedly, critical scaling analysis fails for these data. It is seen that these data are frequency dependent, however there is no simple method whereby measurement frequency can be changed in a controllable fashion. In contrast, itinerant ferromagnets show a broad maximum in ? well below TC which is suppressed and shifts to lower temperatures as the dc bias field is increased. The data on itinerant ferromagnets is fitted to a semi-phenomenological model that suggests the sample response is dominated by the uncompensated minority spins in the conduction band. Concluding remarks suggest possible scenarios to achieve frequency resolved data using the TDR as well as other fields in which the apparatus may be exploited.

Vannette, Matthew Dano

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

Little Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Little Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication Pulkit Grover and Anant Sahai, the optimizing rate for our bounds on the energy consumption of green codes converges to 1 in the context of AWGN energy as green codes. Classical information theoretic approach finds the minimum transmission energy

California at Irvine, University of

26

Enhanced survival of short-range magnetic correlations and frustrated interactions in R3T intermetallics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Elastic and inelastic neutron scattering and magnetization measurements have been used to study peculiarities of the magnetic state in R{sub 3}T compounds (R=Gd, Er, Tb; T=Ni, Co) below and above magnetic ordering temperatures. A pronounced non-Brillouin shape of the magnetization curves observed in the antiferromagnetic compounds Gd{sub 3}Ni and Tb{sub 3}Ni above their magnetic ordering temperatures together with earlier reported data about the retention of the magnetic contribution to the total specific heat of Gd{sub 3}T and anomalous behavior of the electrical resistivity above magnetic ordering temperatures are ascribed to the existence of short-range magnetic correlations in the wide temperature range in the paramagnetic state. The persistence of short-range magnetic order up to temperatures greater than 5-6 times the Neel temperature has been revealed by powder neutron diffraction measurements performed for Tb{sub 3}Ni and Tb{sub 3}Co. On the other hand, results from inelastic neutron scattering show that the low temperature magnetic excitations are strongly suppressed in both Tb{sub 3}Co and Er{sub 3}Co. It is suggested that the extended short-range magnetic correlations, which turn out to be an inherent feature of R{sub 3}T type compounds, are due to the layered crystal structure and to the difference between geometrically frustrated intra-layer exchange interactions and inter-layer exchange.

Baranov, Nikolai [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Proshkin, Aleksei [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Gubkin, Andrey [Ural State University, Russia; Cervellino, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Michor, H. [Institut fuer Festkoperphysik, Wien, Austria; Hilsher, G. [Institut fuer Festkoperphysik, Wien, Austria; Gerasimov, E.G. [Institute of Metal Physics, Russia; Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Frontzek, Matthias D [ORNL; Podlesnyak, Andrey A [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Ground Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics Ground Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Ground Magnetics Details Activities (15) Areas (12) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Presence of magnetic minerals such as magnetite. Stratigraphic/Structural: Mapping of basement structures, horst blocks, fault systems, fracture zones, dykes and intrusions. Hydrological: The circulation of hydrothermal fluid may impact the magnetic susceptibility of rocks. Thermal: Rocks lose their magnetic properties at the Curie temperature (580° C for magnetite) [1] and, upon cooling, remagnetize in the present magnetic field orientation. The Curie point depth in the subsurface may be determined in a magnetic survey to provide information about hydrothermal activity in a region.

28

A full range detector for the HIRRBS high resolution RBS magnetic spectrometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The UAlbany HIRRBS (High Resolution RBS) system has been updated for better use in rapid analysis. The focal plane detector now covers the full range from U down to O using a linear stepper motor to translate the 1-cm detector across the 30-cm range. Input is implemented with zero-back-angle operation in all cases. The chamber has been modified to allow for quick swapping of sample holders, including a channeling goniometer. A fixed standard surface-barrier detector allows for normal RBS simultaneously with use of the magnetic spectrometer. The user can select a region on the standard spectrum or can select an element edge or an energy point for collection of the expanded spectrum portion. The best resolution currently obtained is about 2-to-3 keV, probably representing the energy width of the incoming beam. Calibration is maintained automatically for any spectrum portion and any beam energy from 1.0 to 3.5 MeV. Element resolving power, sensitivity and depth resolution are shown using several examples. Examples also show the value of simultaneous conventional RBS.

Skala, Wayne G.; Haberl, Arthur W. [Ion Beam Laboratory, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222 (United States); Bakhru, Hassaram [Ion Beam Laboratory, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222, United States and College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12203 (United States); Lanford, William [Ion Beam Laboratory, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222, United States and Physics Department, University at Albany, 1400 Washington Avenue, Albany, New York 12222 (United States)

2013-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

29

Magnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetic Techniques Magnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) NEPA(1) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Geophysical Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Presence of magnetic minerals such as magnetite. Stratigraphic/Structural: Mapping of basement structures, horst blocks, fault systems, fracture zones, dykes and intrusions. Hydrological: The circulation of hydrothermal fluid may impact the magnetic susceptibility of rocks. Thermal: Rocks lose their magnetic properties at the Curie temperature (580° C for magnetite) [1] and, upon cooling, remagnetize in the present magnetic field orientation. The Curie point depth in the subsurface may be determined in a magnetic survey to provide information about hydrothermal activity in a region.

30

BRAHMS (Broad Range Hadron Magnetic Spectrometer) Figures and Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The BRAHMS experiment was designed to measure charged hadrons over a wide range of rapidity and transverse momentum to study the reaction mechanisms of the relativistic heavy ion reactions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the properties of the highly excited nuclear matter formed in these reactions. The experiment took its first data during the RHIC 2000 year run and completed data taking in June 2006. The BRAHMS archive makes publications available and also makes data and figures from those publications available as separate items. See also the complete list of publications, multimedia presentations, and related papers at http://www4.rcf.bnl.gov/brahms/WWW/publications.html

31

Aqua Magnetics Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetics Inc Magnetics Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Aqua-Magnetics Inc Place Satellite Beach, Florida Zip 32937 Sector Ocean Product Manufactures patented system that converts ocean wave energy into electric power. References Aqua-Magnetics Inc[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This company is listed in the Marine and Hydrokinetic Technology Database. This company is involved in the following MHK Technologies: Electric Buoy Mobil Stabilized Energy Conversion Platform Platform generators This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Aqua-Magnetics Inc is a company located in Satellite Beach, Florida . References ↑ "Aqua-Magnetics Inc" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Aqua_Magnetics_Inc&oldid=678881"

32

Periodic Discrete Energy for Long-Range Potentials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider periodic energy problems in Euclidean space with a special emphasis on long-range potentials that cannot be defined through the usual infinite sum. One of our main results builds on more recent developments of Ewald summation to define the periodic energy corresponding to a large class of long-range potentials. Two particularly interesting examples are the logarithmic potential and the Riesz potential when the Riesz parameter is smaller than the dimension of the space. For these examples, we use analytic continuation methods to provide concise formulas for the periodic kernel in terms of the Epstein Hurwitz Zeta function. We apply our energy definition to deduce several properties of the minimal energy including the asymptotic order of growth and the distribution of points in energy minimizing configurations as the number of points becomes large. We conclude with some detailed calculations in the case of one dimension, which shows the utility of this approach.

D. P. Hardin; E. B. Saff; Brian Simanek

2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

33

Magnetic energy storage and conversion in the solar atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A review of the theoretical problems associated with preflare magnetic energy storage and conversion is presented. The review consists of three parts; preflare magnetic energy storage, magnetic energy conversion ...

D. S. Spicer

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Property:OpenEI/Tool/CostRange | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CostRange CostRange Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type String. Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: O Property:OpenEI/Tool/CostType Pages using the property "OpenEI/Tool/CostRange" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2008 Solar Technologies Market Report + Free + 2011 APTA Public Transportation Fact Book + Free + A A Case for Climate Neutrality: Case Studies on Moving Towards a Low Carbon Economy + Free + A New Scheme for the Promotion of Renewable Energies in Developing Countries: The Renewable Energy Regulated Purchase Tariff + Free + ADB-Methods and Tools for Energy Demand Projection + Free + AGI-32 + Paid + APEC-Alternative Transport Fuels: Implementation Guidelines + Free + APFED-Good Practice Database + Free +

35

Range Design Criteria - June 4, 2012 | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Range Design Criteria - June 4, 2012 Range Design Criteria - June 4, 2012 Range Design Criteria - June 4, 2012 June 4, 2012 This document contains the currently-approved firearms "Range Design Criteria" referred to on DOE O 473.3, Protection Program Operations PURPOSE. This document contains design criteria for U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) live-fire ranges for use in planning new facilities and major rehabilitation of existing facilities. This document will be approved and maintained by the Office of Security, Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) as a stand-alone document on the HSS website: http://www.hss.doe.gov/SecPolicy/pfs.html. PLANNING FACTORS. All applicable local, State, Federal, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA),

36

Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Ground Magnetics At Alum Area (DOE GTP) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Alum Geothermal Area (DOE GTP) Exploration Activity Details Location Alum Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References (1 January 2011) GTP ARRA Spreadsheet Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Alum_Area_(DOE_GTP)&oldid=402978" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded Activities ARRA Funded Activities What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

37

Magnetic and electronic properties of NpCo2: Evidence for long-range magnetic order  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic and electronic properties of the cubic Laves phase intermetallic compound NpCo2 have been investigated by magnetization, specific heat, and electrical resistivity measurements. Magnetization data confirm previous results, i.e., an antiferromagneticlike order at 12.5 K and a metamagnetic transition at Bm?4.3 T at 3 K with a saturation moment of ?0.6 ?B. Although extensive neutron diffraction studies failed to establish the nature of the antiferromagnetic order, its occurrence is confirmed by specific heat measurements that also highlight the presence of magnetic fluctuations suppressed by the application of an external field larger than Bm. The observed high value of the electronic specific heat, ?0?330mJ/mol?K2 as T ? 0, and the minute magnetic entropy, Fermi liquid behavior at low temperature. The electronic structure of NpCo2 was examined theoretically and compared to experimental data. Local spin density approximation (LSDA) calculations show that this material is close to a magnetic instability and that ferromagnetic alignment of the Np moments is the most stable. LSDA+U calculations in the fully localized limit with U= 0 give reasonable agreement with the experimental Np moment value and their orbital and spin contributions.

J. P. Sanchez; J.-C. Griveau; P. Javorsky; E. Colineau; R. Eloirdi; P. Boulet; J. Rebizant; F. Wastin; A. B. Shick; R. Caciuffo

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

38

Long-range coherent energy transport in Photosystem II  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We simulate the long-range inter-complex electronic energy transfer in Photosystem II -- from the antenna complex, via a core complex, to the reaction center -- using a non-Markovian (ZOFE) quantum master equation description that allows us to quantify the electronic coherence involved in the energy transfer. We identify the pathways of the energy transfer in the network of coupled chromophores, using a description based on excitation probability currents. We investigate how the energy transfer depends on the initial excitation -- localized, coherent initial excitation versus delocalized, incoherent initial excitation -- and find that the energy transfer is remarkably robust with respect to such strong variations of the initial condition. To explore the importance of vibrationally enhanced transfer and to address the question of optimization in the system parameters, we vary the strength of the coupling between the electronic and the vibrational degrees of freedom. We find that the original parameters lie in ...

Roden, Jan J J; Whaley, K Birgitta

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Permanent magnet thermal energy system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved rotary magnet thermal generator system of the type having an array of magnets in alternating disposition coaxially disposed about and parallel with the shaft of a motor driving the rotary array and having a copper heat absorber and a ferro-magnetic plate fixed on a face of the heat absorber, includes as efficiency improver a plurality of heat sink plates extending beyond the ferro-magnet plate into a plenum through a respective plurality of close-fitting apertures. In a further embodimetn the heat sink plates are in thermal contact with sinusoidally convoluted tubing that both increases surface area and provides for optional heating of gases and/or fluids at the same time.

Gerard, F.

1985-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

40

Time-varying long range dependence in energy futures markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study aims to investigate the presence of long-range dependence in energy futures markets. Using a daily dataset covering from 1990 to 2013 (which includes crucial events for energy markets such as invasion of Iraq and global financial crisis of 2008), we estimate time-varying generalized Hurst exponents of several energy futures contracts with different times to maturity using a rolling window approach. Results reveal that efficiency of energy futures markets is clearly time-varying and changes drastically over the sample period. For futures contracts with 14months to maturities, crude oil and gasoline are found to be more efficient compared to others. On the other hand, for contracts with 59months to maturities, crude oil and natural gas futures are more efficient. For almost every different month to maturity, heating oil and gas oil futures are found to be the least efficient markets. Moreover in general, the efficiency of energy futures markets is found to be decreasing dramatically when time to maturity is increasing. Several implications are discussed.

Ahmet Sensoy; Erk Hacihasanoglu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The Path to Magnetic Fusion Energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 The Path to Magnetic Fusion Energy: Crossing the Next Frontier Rob Goldston, Jon Menard with contributions from J. Brooks, R. Doerner, D. Gates, J. Harris, G.-Y. Fu, N. Gorelenkov, R. Kaita, S. Kaye, M. Kotschenreuther, G. Kramer, H. Kugel, R. Maingi, R. Majeski, C. Neumeyer, R. Nygren, M. Ono, D. Ruzic, S. Sabbagh

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

42

Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

impact on source energy and cost based on state specifichouse average annual energy and cost savings, relative toof household source energy and cost of range hood use in

Logue, Jennifer M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

A Global and Long-Range Picture of Energy Developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...in primary energy demand. It Table 3...scenarios, primary energy by region, 1975...terawatt-year per year). High...000 25,000 GDP per capita (S 1975) Fig. 3. Energy intensiveness...growth of energy demand, at least in...

Wolf Hfele

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

44

Magnetic Energy Storage System: Superconducting Magnet Energy Storage System with Direct Power Electronics Interface  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GRIDS Project: ABB is developing an advanced energy storage system using superconducting magnets that could store significantly more energy than todays best magnetic storage technologies at a fraction of the cost. This system could provide enough storage capacity to encourage more widespread use of renewable power like wind and solar. Superconducting magnetic energy storage systems have been in development for almost 3 decades; however, past devices were designed to supply power only for short durationsgenerally less than a few minutes. ABBs system would deliver the stored energy at very low cost, making it ideal for eventual use in the electricity grid as a costeffective competitor to batteries and other energy storage technologies. The device could potentially cost even less, on a per kilowatt basis, than traditional lead-acid batteries.

None

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Amplifying Magnetic Fields in High Energy Density Plasmas | U...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Amplifying Magnetic Fields in High Energy Density Plasmas Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) FES Home About Research Facilities Science Highlights Benefits of FES Funding Opportunities...

46

A Global and Long-Range Picture of Energy Developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Project Paperfor Renewable Nonconventional Energy Project (U...Northem Africa(Egypt). tProduction...Department of Energy (20) for 1975...desirability of such renewable resources. More...there are the renewable energy sources with...

Wolf Hfele

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Global and Long-Range Picture of Energy Developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...t"Other" includes biogas, geothermal energy, commercial wood use...that remain include bio-mass, geothermal, and wind energy. In the analysis...secondary energy in the case of district heating. The weighted average cost of...

Wolf Hfele

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

High-Energy Permanent Magnets for Hybrid Vehicles and Alternative Energy Uses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report summarizes research undertaken by a multidisciplinary team aimed at the development of the next generation high-energy permanent magnets. The principal approach was relied on bottom-up fabrication of anisotropic nanocomposite magnets. Our efforts resulted in further development of the theoretical concept and fabrication principles for the nanocomposites and in synthesis of a range of rare-earth-based hard magnetic nanoparticles. Even though we did not make a breakthrough in the assembly of these hard magnetic particles with separately prepared Fe(Co) nanoparticles and did not obtain a compact nanocomposite magnet, our performed research will help to direct the future efforts, in particular, towards nano-assembly via coating, when the two phases which made the nanocomposite are first organized in core-shell-structured particles. Two other approaches were to synthesize (discover) new materials for the traditional singe-material magnets and the nanocomposite magnets. Integrated theoretical and experimental efforts lead to a significant advance in nanocluster synthesis technique and yielded novel rare-earth-free nanostructured and nanocomposite materials. Examination of fifteen R-Fe-X alloy systems (R = rare earth), which have not been explored earlier due to various synthesis difficulties reveal several new ferromagnetic compounds. The research has made major progress in bottom-up manufacturing of rare-earth-containing nanocomposite magnets with superior energy density and open new directions in development of higher-energy-density magnets that do not contain rare earths. The advance in the scientific knowledge and technology made in the course of the project has been reported in 50 peer-reviewed journal articles and numerous presentations at scientific meetings.

Hadjipanayis, George C. [University of Delaware] [University of Delaware; McCallum, William R. [Ames Laboratory] [Ames Laboratory; Sellmyer, David J. [University of Nebraska, Lincoln] [University of Nebraska, Lincoln; Harris, Vincent [Northeastern University] [Northeastern University; Carpenter, Everett E. [Virginia Commonwealth University] [Virginia Commonwealth University; Liu, Jinfang [Electron Energy Corporation] [Electron Energy Corporation

2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

49

EM Tackles Cleanup at Tonopah Test Range | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Tackles Cleanup at Tonopah Test Range EM Tackles Cleanup at Tonopah Test Range September 30, 2014 - 12:00pm Addthis Field technicians survey a shaker used in past cleanup...

50

Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Details Areas (48) Power Plants (8) Projects (15) Techniques (33) The Basin and Range Province in northwestern Nevada and northeastern California is characterized by late Cretaceous - early Cenozoic regional erosion, Oligocene - Miocene volcanism, and subsequent late Miocene extension. Extensional faulting in northwestern Nevada began everywhere at 12 Ma and has continued up to the present. Faulting in the Warner Range in northeastern California can only be constrained to have begun between 14 and 3 Ma, but may represent westward migration of Basin and Range extension during the Pliocene. Compared to the many parts of the Basin and Range in

51

Seismicity of the Coso Range, California | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of the Coso Range, California of the Coso Range, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Seismicity of the Coso Range, California Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A 16-station seismographic network, approximately 40 km north-south by 30 km east-west, was installed in the Coso Range, California, in September 1975 as part of a geological and geophysical assessment of the geothermal resource potential of range. During the first 2 years of network operations, 4216 local earthquakes (0.5< or =m< or =3.9) defined zones of seismicity that strike radially outward from a Pleistocene rhyolite field located near the center of the Coso Range. Most earthquakes were located in zones showing a general northwest trend across the range.

52

MAXIMIZING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE IN THE SOLAR CORONA  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy that drives solar eruptive events such as coronal mass ejections (CMEs) almost certainly originates in coronal magnetic fields. Such energy may build up gradually on timescales of days or longer before its sudden release in an eruptive event, and the presence of free magnetic energy capable of rapid release requires nonpotential magnetic fields and associated electric currents. For magnetic energy to power a CME, that energy must be sufficient to open the magnetic field to interplanetary space, to lift the ejecta against solar gravity, and to accelerate the material to speeds of typically several hundred km s{sup -1}. Although CMEs are large-scale structures, many originate from relatively compact active regions on the solar surface-suggesting that magnetic energy storage may be enhanced when it takes place in smaller magnetic structures. This paper builds on our earlier work exploring energy storage in large-scale dipolar and related bipolar magnetic fields. Here we consider two additional cases: quadrupolar fields and concentrated magnetic bipoles intended to simulate active regions. Our models yield stored energies whose excess over that of the corresponding open field state can be greater than 100% of the associated potential field energy; this contrasts with maximum excess energies of only about 20% for dipolar and symmetric bipolar configurations. As in our previous work, energy storage is enhanced when we surround a nonpotential field with a strong overlying potential field that acts to 'hold down' the nonpotential flux as its magnetic energy increases.

Wolfson, Richard; Drake, Christina; Kennedy, Max, E-mail: wolfson@middlebury.edu [Department of Physics, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT 05753 (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Maximizing Magnetic Energy Storage in the Solar Corona  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy that drives solar eruptive events such as coronal mass ejections (CMEs) almost certainly originates in coronal magnetic fields. Such energy may build up gradually on timescales of days or longer before its sudden release in an eruptive event, and the presence of free magnetic energy capable of rapid release requires nonpotential magnetic fields and associated electric currents. For magnetic energy to power a CME, that energy must be sufficient to open the magnetic field to interplanetary space, to lift the ejecta against solar gravity, and to accelerate the material to speeds of typically several hundred km s1. Although CMEs are large-scale structures, many originate from relatively compact active regions on the solar surfacesuggesting that magnetic energy storage may be enhanced when it takes place in smaller magnetic structures. This paper builds on our earlier work exploring energy storage in large-scale dipolar and related bipolar magnetic fields. Here we consider two additional cases: quadrupolar fields and concentrated magnetic bipoles intended to simulate active regions. Our models yield stored energies whose excess over that of the corresponding open field state can be greater than 100% of the associated potential field energy; this contrasts with maximum excess energies of only about 20% for dipolar and symmetric bipolar configurations. As in our previous work, energy storage is enhanced when we surround a nonpotential field with a strong overlying potential field that acts to "hold down" the nonpotential flux as its magnetic energy increases.

Richard Wolfson; Christina Drake; Max Kennedy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Southern Basin and Range Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Basin and Range Geothermal Region Basin and Range Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Southern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Details Areas (0) Power Plants (0) Projects (0) Techniques (0) Map: {{{Name}}} North-south-striking and west-dipping Basin and Range province normal faults form the western edge of the Sierra Madre Occidental plateau in northeastern Sonora. These faults and associated half-grabens extend over a distance of more than 300 km between the San Bernardino basin in the north and the Sahuaripa basin in the south. Active Tectonics of Northeastern Sonora, Mexico (Southern Basin and Range Province) and the 3 May 1887 Mw 7.4 Earthquake [1] References ↑ "Active Tectonics of Northeastern Sonora, Mexico (Southern Basin and Range Province) and the 3 May 1887 Mw 7.4 Earthquake"

55

Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area (Redirected from Nevada Test And Training Range Area) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (5) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content

56

Excitation and propagation of electromagnetic fluctuations with ion-cyclotron range of frequency in magnetic reconnection laboratory experiment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Large-amplitude electromagnetic fluctuations of ion-cyclotron-frequency range are detected in a laboratory experiment inside the diffusion region of a magnetic reconnection with a guide field. The fluctuations have properties similar to kinetic Alfvn waves propagating obliquely to the guide field. Temporary enhancement of the reconnection rate is observed during the occurrence of the fluctuations, suggesting a relationship between the modification in the local magnetic structure given by these fluctuations and the intermittent fast magnetic reconnection.

Inomoto, Michiaki; Tanabe, Hiroshi; Ono, Yasushi [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8561 (Japan); Kuwahata, Akihiro [Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo,7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan)] [Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo,7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Collaboration: TS Group

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

57

Magnetic energy conversion, magnetospheric substorms and solar flares  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The magnetospheric substorm has been thought to be the manifestation of a sudden conversion of the magnetic ... of the magnetic energy stored in the magnetotail before substorm onset. It has been believed that solar flares ...

S.-I. Akasofu

1980-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Nevada Test And Training Range Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (5) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: Nevada Exploration Region: Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content

59

Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Range Geothermal Region and Range Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Details Areas (34) Power Plants (3) Projects (7) Techniques (33) Map: {{{Name}}} Examination of seismicity and late Quaternary faults in Montana and Idaho north of the Snake River Plain shows a geographic correspondence between high seismicity and 24 faults that have experienced surface rupture during the late Quaternary. The Lewis and Clark Zone delineates the northern boundary of this tectonically active extensional region. Earthquakes greater than magnitude 5.5 and all identified late Quaternary faults are confined to the Montana-Idaho portion of the Basin and Range Province south of the Lewis and Clark Zone. Furthermore, all 12 Holocene faults are

60

Numerical Modeling Of Basin And Range Geothermal Systems | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Numerical Modeling Of Basin And Range Geothermal Systems Numerical Modeling Of Basin And Range Geothermal Systems Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Numerical Modeling Of Basin And Range Geothermal Systems Details Activities (3) Areas (3) Regions (0) Abstract: Basic qualitative relationships for extensional geothermal systems that include structure, heat input, and permeability distribution have been established using numerical models. Extensional geothermal systems, as described in this paper, rely on deep circulation of groundwater rather than on cooling igneous bodies for heat, and rely on extensional fracture systems to provide permeable upflow paths. A series of steady-state, two-dimensional simulation models is used to evaluate the effect of permeability and structural variations on an idealized, generic

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Kinematic model for postorogenic Basin and Range extension Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The Raft River extensional shear zone is exposed in the Albion-Raft River-Grouse Creek metamorphic core complex. Several studies of ductile deformation have shown that it accommodated crustal stretching in Tertiary time during late orogenic collapse of the thickened Cordilleran crust. Progressive deformation that results from mixed pure and simple shear produces a complex strain pattern along the shear zone. The authors propose a numerical kinematic model that relates strain variations in the shear zone to the different amounts of extension between the brittlely

62

China Lake South Range Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

China Lake South Range Geothermal Project China Lake South Range Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: China Lake South Range Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 35.65°, -117.66166666667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.65,"lon":-117.66166666667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

63

Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

use will impact the energy demand of the U.S. housing stock.potential to reduce the energy demand of venting range hoodin site and source energy demand, and consumer cost for the

Logue, Jennifer M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Darwin: dose monitoring system applicable to various radiations with wide energy ranges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......from neutrons, photons and muons with energies from thermal energy to 1 GeV...from neutrons, photons and muons with energy ranges from thermal energy to...from neutrons, photons and muons with energies from thermal energy to 1 GeV......

T. Sato; D. Satoh; A. Endo; Y. Yamaguchi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Validation of the magnetic energy vs. helicity scaling in solar magnetic structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We assess the validity of the free magnetic energy - relative magnetic helicity diagram for solar magnetic structures. We used two different methods of calculating the free magnetic energy and the relative magnetic helicity budgets: a classical, volume-calculation nonlinear force-free (NLFF) method applied to finite coronal magnetic structures and a surface-calculation NLFF derivation that relies on a single photospheric or chromospheric vector magnetogram. Both methods were applied to two different data sets, namely synthetic active-region cases obtained by three-dimensional magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) simulations and observed active-region cases, which include both eruptive and noneruptive magnetic structures. The derived energy--helicity diagram shows a consistent monotonic scaling between relative helicity and free energy with a scaling index 0.84$\\pm$0.05 for both data sets and calculation methods. It also confirms the segregation between noneruptive and eruptive active regions and the existence of thresh...

Tziotziou, K; Georgoulis, M K; Archontis, V

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics (Nannini, 1986) Exploration Activity Details Location Unspecified Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Detection and quantitative assessment of such intrusive events can be facilitated by magnetic surveys (ground or aerial magnetic field measurements). These surveys are based on the magnetic susceptibility contrast between magmatic rocks at depth and the sedimentary formations above. References Raffaello Nannini (1986) Some Aspects Of Exploration In Non-Volcanic Areas Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_(Nannini,_1986)&oldid=388291

67

Scientists discuss progress toward magnetic fusion energy at...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scientists discuss progress toward magnetic fusion energy at 2013 AAAS annual meeting February 21, 2013 Tweet Widget Google Plus One Share on Facebook Scientists participating in...

68

A Method for the High Energy Density SMESSuperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy density of superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), 107 [J/m3] for the average magnetic field 5T is rather small compared with that of batteries which are estimated as 108 [J/m3...]. This paper ...

Y. Mitani; Y. Murakami

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Fallon Test Ranges Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Fallon Test Ranges Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Fallon Test Ranges Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 39.425°, -118.70277777778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.425,"lon":-118.70277777778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

70

Green Codes: Energy-Efficient Short-Range Communication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A green code attempts to minimize the total energy per-bit required to communicate across a noisy channel. The classical information-theoretic approach neglects the energy expended in processing the data at the encoder and the decoder and only minimizes the energy required for transmissions. Since there is no cost associated with using more degrees of freedom, the traditionally optimal strategy is to communicate at rate zero. In this work, we use our recently proposed model for the power consumed by iterative message passing. Using generalized sphere-packing bounds on the decoding power, we find lower bounds on the total energy consumed in the transmissions and the decoding, allowing for freedom in the choice of the rate. We show that contrary to the classical intuition, the rate for green codes is bounded away from zero for any given error probability. In fact, as the desired bit-error probability goes to zero, the optimizing rate for our bounds converges to 1.

Grover, Pulkit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

A Global and Long-Range Picture of Energy Developments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...ConvenDeep Oil shale Totaltional offshore Enhanced andand recovery tar...oil and some possibly deep offshore oil. The analysis of region...bio-mass, geothermal, and wind energy. In the analysis that...170 per kilo-watt for gas turbines up to $920 per kilo-watt...

Wolf Hfele

1980-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

72

Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood Use, LBNL-Page 1 Energy Impacts of Effective Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Introduction Cooking is one of the largest sources of air pollutants in residences (Kamens et al. 1991; Lewis.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control through- Page 3 Abstract Range hood use during residential cooking is essential to maintaining good indoor air

73

Nonlinear Vibration Energy Harvesting with High-Permeability Magnetic Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, we introduce the recent demonstrations of high energy density nonlinear vibration energy harvesting with high-permeability magnetic materials, which show great promise for compact and wideband vi...

Xing Xing; Nian X. Sun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Range Fuels Inc formerly Kergy Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Inc formerly Kergy Inc Inc formerly Kergy Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Range Fuels Inc (formerly Kergy Inc) Place Broomfield, Colorado Zip 80021 Sector Biofuels Product A Khosla Ventures-backed company that is developing gasification technology for the production of cellulosic biofuels. Coordinates 39.920863°, -105.070582° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.920863,"lon":-105.070582,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

75

Magnetic horizons of ultra-high energy cosmic rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The propagation of ultra-high energy cosmic rays in extragalactic magnetic fields can be diffusive, depending on the strength and properties of the fields. In some cases the propagation time of the particles can be comparable to the age of the universe, causing a suppression in the flux measured on Earth. In this work we use magnetic field distributions from cosmological simulations to assess the existence of a magnetic horizon at energies around 10$^{18}$ eV.

Batista, Rafael Alves

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Definition: Ground Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetics Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Ground Magnetics The surface magnetic method is the study of the distribution of magnetic minerals in the upper 20-30km of the earth's crust, recorded at an observation point on the earth's surface.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A magnetometer, (pronounced mag-ne-TOM-e-ter), is a measuring instrument used to measure the strength and/or direction of the magnetic field, produced either in the laboratory or existing in nature. Some countries such as the USA, Canada and Australia classify the more sensitive magnetometers as military technology, and control their distribution. The International System of Units unit of measure for the strength of a magnetic field is the Tesla. This is a very large unit of magnetic field.

77

Definition: Magnetic Techniques | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetic Techniques Magnetic Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Magnetic Techniques The magnetic method is the study of the distribution of magnetic minerals in the upper 20-30km of the earth's crust. The magnetic method may also be used to estimate the thickness of the crust or to constrain temperatures in the crust using the Curie isotherm (the temperatures at which minerals lose their strong magnetic properties), whichever is shallower.[1] References ↑ http://www.ipgp.fr/~diament/Imageries%20Gravi-Mag/Nabighian_etal_Mag.pdf http://www.cflhd.gov/resources/agm/geoApplications/SurfaceMethods/911MagneticMethods.cfm http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/JB087iB06p04846/abstract Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from

78

An UHV apparatus for X-ray resonant magnetic reflectivity in the hard X-ray range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present the development of a novel UHV compact reflectometer designed and developed for the investigation of magnetic properties of thin films at the ID12-E.S.R.F. beamline. This new instrument is dedicated to x-ray resonant magnetic reflectivity experiment from thin film or multilayered sample. We present the principles of this versatile and simple instrument. We report also the results of resonant magnetic reflectivity experiments carried out for the Fe/Ir multilayers. This will demonstrate the capability to record either angle or energy dependent measurements at the L edges of Ir simultaneously to the XMCD spectra.

Jaouen, N.; Wilhelm, F.; Rogalev, A.; Goulon, J. [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, BP220, F-38043 Grenoble (France); Tonnerre, J.M. [Laboratoire de Cristallographie, CNRS, BP166, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

2004-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

79

Assessment of Tumor Energy and Oxygenation Status by Bioluminescence, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, and Cryospectrophotometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Assessment of Tumor Energy and Oxygenation Status...Bioluminescence, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...Assessment of tumor energy and oxygenation status...bioluminescence, nuclear magnetic resonance...Assessment of Tumor Energy and Oxyg nationStatus by Bioluminescence, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...

W. Mueller-Klieser; C. Schaefer; S. Walenta; E. K. Rofstad; B. M. Fenton; and R. M. Sutherland

1990-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

80

Free Magnetic Energy in Solar Active Regions above the Minimum-Energy Relaxed State  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To understand the physics of solar flares, including the local reorganisation of the magnetic field and the acceleration of energetic particles, we have first to estimate the free magnetic energy available for such phenomena, which can be converted into kinetic and thermal energy. The free magnetic energy is the excess energy of a magnetic configuration compared to the minimum-energy state, which is a linear force-free field if the magnetic helicity of the configuration is conserved. We investigate the values of the free magnetic energy estimated from either the excess energy in extrapolated fields or the magnetic virial theorem. For four different active regions, we have reconstructed the nonlinear force-free field and the linear force-free field corresponding to the minimum-energy state. The free magnetic energies are then computed. From the energy budget and the observed magnetic activity in the active region, we conclude that the free energy above the minimum-energy state gives a better estimate and more insights into the flare process than the free energy above the potential field state.

S. Regnier; E. R. Priest

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Free energy in the coexistence region of superconductivity and magnetic order  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The free energy of superconductivity and magnetic order is computed with consideration of exchange and electromagnetic effects. We use the Grassman algebra in order to define the path integral over the fermions. Making use of functional derivatives, we compute the effective action in terms of the magnetic and superconductor order parameters and we find a sinusoidal magnetic order associated to a Lifshitz term with quasi-long-range order. The stability of the coexistence region is similar to the nonlinear ? model in a lower dimension.

D. Schmeltzer

1985-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Absolute x-ray energy calibration over a wide energy range using a diffraction-based iterative method  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mineral Physics Institute, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794, USA 2 DepartmentAbsolute x-ray energy calibration over a wide energy range using a diffraction-based iterative;REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 83, 063901 (2012) Absolute x-ray energy calibration over a wide energy

Duffy, Thomas S.

83

Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd Place Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China Sector Wind energy Product A China-based mining company for rare earth metals used in wind power generators. References Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd is a company located in Ganzhou, Jiangxi Province, China . References ↑ "Jiangxi Jinli Permanent Magnet Technology Co Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Jiangxi_Jinli_Permanent_Magnet_Technology_Co_Ltd&oldid=347439

84

The Cost of Superconducting Magnets as a Function of Stored Energy and Design Magnetic Induction Times the Field Volume  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By various theorems one can relate the capital cost of superconducting magnets to the magnetic energy stored within that magnet. This is particularly true for magnet where the cost is dominated by the structure needed to carry the magnetic forces. One can also relate the cost of the magnet to the product of the magnetic induction and the field volume. The relationship used to estimate the cost the magnet is a function of the type of magnet it is. This paper updates the cost functions given in two papers that were published in the early 1990 s. The costs (escalated to 2007 dollars) of large numbers of LTS magnets are plotted against stored energy and magnetic field time field volume. Escalated costs for magnets built since the early 1990 s are added to the plots.

Green, Mike; Green, M.A.; Strauss, B.P.

2007-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

85

High energy factorization in nucleus-nucleus collisions. III. Long range rapidity correlations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We obtain a novel result in QCD for long range rapidity correlations between gluons produced in the collision of saturated high energy hadrons or nuclei. This result, obtained in a high energy factorization framework, provides strong justification for the Glasma flux tube picture of coherent strong color fields. Our formalism can be applied to 'near side ridge' events at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider and in future studies of long range rapidity correlations at the LHC.

Gelis, Francois [Theory Division, PH-TH, Case C01600, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Institut de Physique Theorique (URA 2306 du CNRS), CEA/DSM/Saclay, Bat. 774, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Lappi, Tuomas [Institut de Physique Theorique (URA 2306 du CNRS), CEA/DSM/Saclay, Bat. 774, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Venugopalan, Raju [Physics Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Elastic electron scattering and vibrational excitation of isoxazole molecules in the energy range from 2 to 20 eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential cross sections for elastic electron scattering and the excitation of the C-H vibrational modes of isoxazole molecules were measured in the energy range from 2 to 20 eV and over the scattering angle range from 10 to 180. The cross sections at the scattering angles of and above 90 were accessible with the use of a magnetic angle changer. The differential cross sections were integrated to yield integral and momentum transfer cross sections. The negative ion resonances in the elastic scattering at 2.7 eV and in the vibrational excitation of isoxazole at 5.5 and 10 eV were observed. The present cross sections for elastic scattering are compared with the corresponding results in furan.

Ireneusz Linert and Mariusz Zubek

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

87

Effective bridge spectral density for long-range biological energy and charge transfer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Effective bridge spectral density for long-range biological energy and charge transfer Oliver Ku of intermediate bridge sites in energy and charge transfer processes in molecular aggregates of arbitrary size analysis for a donor­acceptor system coupled through a single bridge molecule are presented. © 1996

Mukamel, Shaul

88

Range and energy-loss of heavy ions by a nuclear track technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A simple and fairly accurate nuclear track technique has been described to measure the range and energy-loss rate of any heavy ion in any elemental or complex media. The experimental values of range and energy loss of 16.34 MeV/u 238U ions in nickel and tantalum have been measured by the track technique using CR-39 as track detector. The error in measurement varies from 510%. Measured ranges are compared with the corresponding theoretical values obtained from some commonly used theories and data tables.

K.K. Dwivedi

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

MMMMaaaaggggnnnneeeettttiiiicccc FFFFuuuussssiiiioooonnnn EEEEnnnneeeerrrrggggyyyy MAGNETIC FUSION ENERGY  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· ENVIRONMENTAL ADVANTAGES - NO CARBON EMISSIONS - LOW RADIOACTIVITY · CAN'T BLOW UP, CAN'T MELT DOWN - , WIND, ETC. - MINIMAL LAND USE · Not subject to daily, seasonal or regional weather variation. - NO NEED FFFFuuuussssiiiioooonnnn EEEEnnnneeeerrrrggggyyyy Schematic of MFE Power Plant Raw Fuel WasteFuel p First Wall Magnet

90

Improved Magnetic Fusion Energy Economics via Massive Resistive Electromagnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Abandoning superconductors for magnetic fusion reactors and instead using resistive magnet designs based on cheap copper or aluminum conductor material operating at "room temperature" (300 K) can reduce the capital cost per unit fusion power and simplify plant operations. By increasing unit size well beyond that of present magnetic fusion energy conceptual designs using superconducting electromagnets, the recirculating power fraction needed to operate resistive electromagnets can be made as close to zero as needed for economy without requiring superconductors. Other advantages of larger fusion plant size, such as very long inductively driven pulses, may also help reduce the cost per unit fusion power.

Woolley, R.D.

1998-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

91

Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Range hood use during residential cooking is essential to maintaining good indoor air quality. However, widespread use will impact the energy demand of the U.S. housing stock. This paper describes a modeling study to determine site energy, source energy, and consumer costs for comprehensive range hood use. To estimate the energy impacts for all 113 million homes in the U.S., we extrapolated from the simulation of a representative weighted sample of 50,000 virtual homes developed from the 2009 Residential Energy Consumption Survey database. A physics-based simulation model that considered fan energy, energy to condition additional incoming air, and the effect on home heating and cooling due to exhausting the heat from cooking was applied to each home. Hoods performing at a level common to hoods currently in U.S. homes would require 19?33 TWh [69?120 PJ] of site energy, 31?53 TWh [110-190 PJ] of source energy; and would cost consumers $1.2?2.1 billion (U.S.$2010) annually in the U.S. housing stock. The average household would spend less than $15 annually. Reducing required airflow, e.g. with designs that promote better pollutant capture has more energy saving potential, on average, than improving fan efficiency.

Logue, Jennifer M; Singer, Brett

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Air Shower Measurements in the Primary Energy Range from PeV to EeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent results of advanced experiments with sophisticated measurements of cosmic rays in the energy range of the so called knee at a few PeV indicate a distinct knee in the energy spectra of light primary cosmic rays and an increasing dominance of heavy ones towards higher energies. This leads to the expectation of knee-like features of the heavy primaries at around 100 PeV. To investigate in detail this energy region several new experiments are or will be devised.

Andreas Haungs

2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

93

Cross sections for electron scattering by propane in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a joint theoretical-experimental study on electron scattering by propane (C{sub 3}H{sub 8}) in the low- and intermediate-energy ranges. Calculated elastic differential, integral, and momentum transfer as well as total (elastic + inelastic) and total absorption cross sections are reported for impact energies ranging from 2 to 500 eV. Also, experimental absolute elastic cross sections are reported in the 40- to 500-eV energy range. A complex optical potential is used to represent the electron-molecule interaction dynamics. A theoretical method based on the single-center-expansion close-coupling framework and corrected by the Pade approximant is used to solve the scattering equations. The experimental angular distributions of the scattered electrons are converted to absolute cross sections using the relative flow technique. The comparison of our calculated with our measured results, as well as with other experimental and theoretical data available in the literature, is encouraging.

Souza, G. L. C. de; Lee, M.-T.; Sanches, I. P.; Rawat, P.; Iga, I.; Santos, A. S. dos; Machado, L. E.; Sugohara, R. T.; Brescansin, L. M.; Homem, M. G. P.; Lucchese, R. R. [Departamento de Quimica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSCar, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, SP (Brazil); Instituto de Fisica 'Gleb Wataghin', UNICAMP, 13083-970 Campinas, SP (Brazil); Departamento de Fisica, UFSC, 88010-970 Florianopolis, SC (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 7784-3255 (United States)

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

Global Energetics of Solar Flares: I. Magnetic Energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the first part of a project on the global energetics of solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) that includes about 400 M- and X-class flares observed with AIA and HMI onboard SDO. We calculate the potential energy, free energy, and the flare-dissipated magnetic energy. We calculate these magnetic parameters using two different NLFFF codes: The COR-NLFFF code uses the line-of-sight magnetic field component $B_z$ from HMI to define the potential field, and the 2D coordinates of automatically detected coronal loops in 6 coronal wavelengths from AIA to measure the helical twist of coronal loops caused by vertical currents, while the PHOT-NLFFF code extrapolates the photospheric 3D vector fields. We find agreement between the two codes in the measurement of free energies and dissipated energies within a factor of $ \\approx 3$. The size distributions of magnetic parameters exhibit powerlaw slopes that are approximately consistent with the fractal-diffusive self-organized criticality model. The ma...

Aschwanden, Markus J; Jing, Ju

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Theoretical modeling for neutron elastic scattering angular distribution in the fast energy range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

One of the major issues of neutron scattering modeling in the fast energy range is the contribution of compound elastic and inelastic scattering to the total scattering process. The compound component may become large at very low energies where the angular distribution becomes 90-degree symmetric in the center-of-mass system. Together with the shape elastic component, the elastic scattering gives slightly forward-peaked angular distributions in the fast energy range. This anisotropic angular distribution gives high sensitivities to many important nuclear reactor characteristics, such as criticality and neutron shielding. In this talk we describe how the anisotropic angular distributions are calculated within the statistical model framework, including the case where strongly coupled channels exist, by combining the coupled-channels theory with the Hauser-Feshbach model. This unique capability extension will have significant advantages in understanding the neutron scattering process for deformed nuclei, like uranium or plutonium, on which advanced nuclear energy applications center.

Kawano, Toshihiko [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

96

Electron energy distributions in a magnetized inductively coupled plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Optimizing and controlling electron energy distributions (EEDs) is a continuing goal in plasma materials processing as EEDs determine the rate coefficients for electron impact processes. There are many strategies to customize EEDs in low pressure inductively coupled plasmas (ICPs), for example, pulsing and choice of frequency, to produce the desired plasma properties. Recent experiments have shown that EEDs in low pressure ICPs can be manipulated through the use of static magnetic fields of sufficient magnitudes to magnetize the electrons and confine them to the electromagnetic skin depth. The EED is then a function of the local magnetic field as opposed to having non-local properties in the absence of the magnetic field. In this paper, EEDs in a magnetized inductively coupled plasma (mICP) sustained in Ar are discussed with results from a two-dimensional plasma hydrodynamics model. Results are compared with experimental measurements. We found that the character of the EED transitions from non-local to local with application of the static magnetic field. The reduction in cross-field mobility increases local electron heating in the skin depth and decreases the transport of these hot electrons to larger radii. The tail of the EED is therefore enhanced in the skin depth and depressed at large radii. Plasmas densities are non-monotonic with increasing pressure with the external magnetic field due to transitions between local and non-local kinetics.

Song, Sang-Heon, E-mail: ssongs@umich.edu, E-mail: Sang-Heon.Song@us.tel.com [Department of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Boulevard, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2104 (United States); Yang, Yang, E-mail: yang-yang@amat.com [Applied Materials Inc., 974 E. Arques Avenue, M/S 81312, Sunnyvale, California 94085 (United States); Chabert, Pascal, E-mail: pascal.chabert@lpp.polytechnique.fr [LPP, CNRS, Ecole Polytechnique, UPMC, Paris XI, 91128 Palaiseau (France); Kushner, Mark J., E-mail: mjkush@umich.edu [Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan, 1301 Beal Avenue, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2122 (United States)

2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

97

Flywheel energy storage using superconducting magnetic bearings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Storage of electrical energy on a utility scale is currently not practicable for most utilities, preventing the full utilization of existing base-load capacity. A potential solution to this problem is Flywheel Energy Storage (FES), made possible by technological developments in high-temperature superconducting materials. Commonwealth Research Corporation (CRC), the research arm of Commonwealth Edison Company, and Argonne National Laboratory are implementing a demonstration project to advance the state of the art in high temperature superconductor (HTS) bearing performance and the overall demonstration of efficient Flywheel Energy Storage. Currently, electricity must be used simultaneously with its generation as electrical energy storage is not available for most utilities. Existing storage methods either are dependent on special geography, are too expensive, or are too inefficient. Without energy storage, electric utilities, such as Commonwealth Edison Company, are forced to cycle base load power plants to meet load swings in hourly customer demand. Demand can change by as much as 30% over a 12-hour period and result in significant costs to utilities as power plant output is adjusted to meet these changes. HTS FES systems can reduce demand-based power plant cycling by storing unused nighttime capacity until it is needed to meet daytime demand.

Abboud, R.G. [Commonwealth Research Corp., Chicago, IL (United States); Uherka, K.; Hull, J.; Mulcahy, T. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Differential cross sections for low-energy elastic electron scattering from tetrahydrofuran in the angular range 20180  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Absolute differential cross sections have been measured for elastic electron scattering from tetrahydrofuran in the electron impact energy from 6to20eV and in a wide scattering angle range from 20 to 180. In the measurements the magnetic-angle-changing technique has been employed to detect the backward scattering of electrons. The integral and momentum transfer cross sections for elastic scattering have been also determined through integration of the measured differential cross sections. A detailed comparison of the obtained differential cross sections has been made with the results of very recent theoretical calculations. In the measurements attention has been paid to observe negative-ion resonances predicted in these theoretical calculations.

Marcin Dampc; Aleksandar R. Milosavljevi?; Ireneusz Linert; Bratislav P. Marinkovi?; Mariusz Zubek

2007-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

99

Low-energy magnetic radiation: deviations from GOE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A pronounced spike at low energy in the strength function for magnetic radiation (LEMAR) is found by means of Shell Model calculations, which explains the experimentally observed enhancement of the dipole strength. LEMAR originates from statistical low-energy M1-transitions between many excited complex states. Re-coupling of the proton and neutron high-j orbitals generates the strong magnetic radiation. LEMAR is closely related to Magnetic Rotation. LEMAR is predicted for nuclides participating in the r-process of element synthesis and is expected to change the reaction rates. An exponential decrease of the strength function and a power law for the size distribution of the $B(M1)$ values are found, which strongly deviate from the ones of the GOE of random matrices, which is commonly used to represent complex compound states.

S. Frauendorf; R. Schwengner; K. Wimmer

2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

100

LOW ENERGY ELECTRON TRANSPORT BY RECONNECTED MAGNETIC FIELDS AROUND MARS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

presents a significant ionospheric obstacle to the solar wind. Moreover, the presence of strong crustalLOW ENERGY ELECTRON TRANSPORT BY RECONNECTED MAGNETIC FIELDS AROUND MARS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED;Abstract The solar wind interaction with Mars has been studied extensively through satellite observations

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The interplay of long-range magnetic order and single-ion anisotropy in rare earth nickel germanides  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This dissertation is concerned with the interplay of long-range order and anisotropy in the tetragonal RNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} (R = rare earth) family of compounds. Microscopic magnetic structures were studied using both neutron and x-ray resonant exchange scattering (XRES) techniques. The magnetic structures of Tb, Dy, Eu and Gd members have been determined using high-quality single-crystal samples. This work has correlated a strong Fermi surface nesting to the magnetic ordering in the RNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} compounds. Generalized susceptibility, {chi}{sub 0}(q), calculations found nesting to be responsible for both incommensurate ordering wave vector in GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}, and the commensurate structure in EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}. A continuous transition from incommensurate to commensurate magnetic structures via band filling is predicted. The surprisingly higher T{sub N} in EuNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} than that in GdNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} is also explained. Next, all the metamagnetic phases in TbNi{sub 2}Ge{sub 2} with an applied field along the c axis have been characterized with neutron diffraction measurements. A mixed phase model for the first metamagnetic structure consisting of fully-saturated as well as reduced-moment Tb ions is presented. The moment reduction may be due to moment instability which is possible if the exchange is comparable to the low-lying CEF level splitting and the ground state is a singlet. In such a case, certain Tb sites may experience a local field below the critical value needed to reach saturation.

Islam, Z.

1999-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

102

Tin City Long Range Radar Station Wind Farm | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tin City Long Range Radar Station Wind Farm Tin City Long Range Radar Station Wind Farm Jump to: navigation, search Name Tin City Long Range Radar Station Wind Farm Facility Tin City Long Range Radar Station Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Tin City Long Range Radar Station Developer Tanadgusix Corp. Energy Purchaser Tin City Long Range Radar Station Location Nome AK Coordinates 65.559372°, -167.949686° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":65.559372,"lon":-167.949686,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

103

The transfer between electron bulk kinetic energy and thermal energy in collisionless magnetic reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

By performing two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations, we investigate the transfer between electron bulk kinetic and electron thermal energy in collisionless magnetic reconnection. In the vicinity of the X line, the electron bulk kinetic energy density is much larger than the electron thermal energy density. The evolution of the electron bulk kinetic energy is mainly determined by the work done by the electric field force and electron pressure gradient force. The work done by the electron gradient pressure force in the vicinity of the X line is changed to the electron enthalpy flux. In the magnetic island, the electron enthalpy flux is transferred to the electron thermal energy due to the compressibility of the plasma in the magnetic island. The compression of the plasma in the magnetic island is the consequence of the electromagnetic force acting on the plasma as the magnetic field lines release their tension after being reconnected. Therefore, we can observe that in the magnetic island the electron thermal energy density is much larger than the electron bulk kinetic energy density.

Lu, San; Lu, Quanming; Huang, Can; Wang, Shui [CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)] [CAS Key Lab of Basic Plasma Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

104

Particle production models in HETC88 in the energy range 3 to 30 GeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HETC88 is the latest version of the high-energy transport code HETC that has been used to provide accelerator shield and calorimeter design data for many years. (See Refs. 3, 4, and 5 and the refs. given therein). This version of the code is described and results are compared with experimental data in Ref. 1. The high-energy particle production model in HETC88 is a multi-chain fragmentation model based on the work of J. Ranft and S. Ritter (see Ref. 6 and the refs. given therein). The fragmentation model used in HETC88 is described and compared with experimental data. In HETC88, the fragmentation model is used at energies {ge} 5 GeV, a scaling model is used in energy range 3 to 5 GeV, and the intranuclear cascade model is used at energies {le} 3 GeV. 10 refs., 1 fig.

Alsmiller, R.G. Jr.; Alsmiller, F.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Autonomous Vehicles Have a Wide Range of Possible Energy Impacts (Poster)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This poster presents initial estimates of the net energy impacts of automated vehicles (AVs). Automated vehicle technologies are increasingly recognized as having potential to decrease carbon dioxide emissions and petroleum consumption through mechanisms such as improved efficiency, better routing, lower traffic congestion, and by enabling advanced technologies. However, some effects of AVs could conceivably increase fuel consumption through possible effects such as longer distances traveled, increased use of transportation by underserved groups, and increased travel speeds. The net effect on petroleum use and climate change is still uncertain. To make an aggregate system estimate, we first collect best estimates for the energy impacts of approximately ten effects of AVs. We then use a modified Kaya Identity approach to estimate the range of aggregate effects and avoid double counting. We find that depending on numerous factors, there is a wide range of potential energy impacts. Adoption of automated personal or shared vehicles can lead to significant fuel savings but has potential for backfire.

Brown, A.; Repac, B.; Gonder, J.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Probing the long range nature of pion emission source at SPS energies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The NA49 experiment at CERN SPS has acquired a huge data set of Pb+Pb events over a broad range of energy and centrality during the last several years. This high statistics data set, coupled with a state-of-the-art analysis technique, allows for the first model-independent extraction and energy scan of 3D emission sources for pion pairs at SPS energies. These 3D pion emission sources provide new insights into the nature of a long-range source previously reported by PHENIX at RHIC. The new results indicate that the pion source function is essentially Gaussian from 20 AGeV to 80 AGeV but it displays significant non-Gaussian tails at 158 AGeV.

Chung, P. [Dept of Chemistry, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY 11794 (United States); Danielewicz, P. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. 48824-1321 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI. 48824-1321 (United States)

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

107

Validating plastic scintillation detectors for photon dosimetry in the radiologic energy range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: Photon dosimetry in the kilovolt (kV) energy range represents a major challenge for diagnostic and interventional radiology and superficial therapy. Plastic scintillation detectors (PSDs) are potentially good candidates for this task. This study proposes a simple way to obtain accurate correction factors to compensate for the response of PSDs to photon energies between 80 and 150 kVp. The performance of PSDs is also investigated to determine their potential usefulness in the diagnostic energy range. Methods: A 1-mm-diameter, 10-mm-long PSD was irradiated by a Therapax SXT 150 unit using five different beam qualities made of tube potentials ranging from 80 to 150 kVp and filtration thickness ranging from 0.8 to 0.2 mmAl + 1.0 mmCu. The light emitted by the detector was collected using an 8-m-long optical fiber and a polychromatic photodiode, which converted the scintillation photons to an electrical current. The PSD response was compared with the reference free air dose rate measured with a calibrated Farmer NE2571 ionization chamber. PSD measurements were corrected using spectra-weighted corrections, accounting for mass energy-absorption coefficient differences between the sensitive volumes of the ionization chamber and the PSD, as suggested by large cavity theory (LCT). Beam spectra were obtained from x-ray simulation software and validated experimentally using a CdTe spectrometer. Correction factors were also obtained using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Percent depth dose (PDD) measurements were compensated for beam hardening using the LCT correction method. These PDD measurements were compared with uncorrected PSD data, PDD measurements obtained using Gafchromic films, Monte Carlo simulations, and previous data. Results: For each beam quality used, the authors observed an increase of the energy response with effective energy when no correction was applied to the PSD response. Using the LCT correction, the PSD response was almost energy independent, with a residual 2.1% coefficient of variation (COV) over the 80-150-kVp energy range. Monte Carlo corrections reduced the COV to 1.4% over this energy range. All PDD measurements were in good agreement with one another except for the uncorrected PSD data, in which an over-response was observed with depth (13% at 10 cm with a 100 kVp beam), showing that beam hardening had a non-negligible effect on the PSD response. A correction based on LCT compensated very well for this effect, reducing the over-response to 3%.Conclusion: In the diagnostic energy range, PSDs show high-energy dependence, which can be corrected using spectra-weighted mass energy-absorption coefficients, showing no considerable sign of quenching between these energies. Correction factors obtained by Monte Carlo simulations confirm that the approximations made by LCT corrections are valid. Thus, PSDs could be useful for real-time dosimetry in radiology applications.

Lessard, Francois; Archambault, Louis; Plamondon, Mathieu [Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada and Departement de radio-oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada); Departement de radio-oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada) and Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de physique, de genie physique et d'optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada and Departement de radio-oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada); and others

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

108

The Path to Magnetic Fusion Energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When the possibility of fusion as an energy source for electricity generation was realized in the 1950s, understanding of the plasma state was primitive. The fusion goal has been paced by, and has stimulated, the development of plasma physics. Our understanding of complex, nonlinear processes in plasmas is now mature. We can routinely produce and manipulate 100 million degree plasmas with remarkable finesse, and we can identify a path to commercial fusion power. The international experiment, ITER, will create a burning (self-sustained) plasma and produce 500 MW of thermal fusion power. This talk will summarize the progress in fusion research to date, and the remaining steps to fusion power.

Prager, Stewart (PPPL) [PPPL

2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

109

The correlation of solar flare production with magnetic energy in active regions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An investigation of 531 active regions was made to determine the correlation between energy released by flares and the available energy in magnetic fields of the regions. Regions with magnetic flux greater tha...

E. B. Mayfield; John K. Lawrence

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Long-range correlation studies at the SPS energies in MC model with string fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of the ultrarelativistic collisions of hadrons and nuclei at different centrality and energy enable to explore the QCD phase diagram in a wide range of temperature and baryon density. Long-range correlation studies are considered as a tool, sensitive to the observation of phase transition and the critical point. In the present work, a Monte Carlo model of proton-proton, proton-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions is applied to heavy and light ion collisions at the cms energy range from a few up to several hundred GeV per nucleon. The model describes the nuclear collisions at the partonic level through interaction of color dipoles and takes into account the effects of string fusion, which can be considered as an alternative to relativistic hydrodynamics way of describing the collective phenomena in heavy-ion collisions. The implementing of both the string fusion and the finite rapidity length of strings allowed to consider the particle production at non-zero baryochemical potential. We calculated the long-range correlation functions and correlation coefficients between multiplicities and transverse momentum at several energies for different colliding systems and obtained predictions for the experiment.

Vladimir Kovalenko; Vladimir Vechernin

2015-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

111

Short-range and long-range order of phyllomanganate nanoparticles determined using high-energy X-ray scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-energy X-ray scattering data from turbostratic phyllomanganate nanosheets are analyzed in real-space by pair distribution function analysis and in reciprocal space by the Bragg-rod method and the Debye equation. The elastic deformation of the two-dimensional nanocrystals is modeled with (1) a new empirical strain function in Bragg-rod calculations and (2) explicit spherical and cylindrical mandrels implemented in the Debye equation.

Manceau, A.

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

112

Low-energy parameters of neutron-neutron interaction in the effective-range approximation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of the mass difference between the charged and neutral pions on the low-energy parameters of nucleon-nucleon interaction in the {sup 1}S{sub 0} state is studied in the effective-range approximation. On the basis of experimental values of the singlet parameters of neutron-proton scattering and the experimental value of the virtual-state energy for the neutron-neutron systemin the {sup 1}S{sub 0} state, the following values were obtained for the neutron-neutron scattering length and effective range: a{sub nn} = -16.59(117) fm and r{sub nn} = 2.83(11) fm. The calculated values agree well with present-day experimental results.

Babenko, V. A.; Petrov, N. M. [National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics (Ukraine)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

113

Limiting absorption principle for some long range perturbations of Dirac systems at threshold energies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We establish a limiting absorption principle for some long range perturbations of the Dirac systems at threshold energies. We cover multi-center interactions with small coupling constants. The analysis is reduced to study a family of non-self-adjoint operators. The technique is based on a positive commutator theory for non self-adjoint operators, which we develop in appendix. We also discuss some applications to the dispersive Helmholzt model in the quantum regime.

Nabile Boussaid; Sylvain Golnia

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

114

Energy confinement and magnetic field generation in the SSPX spheromaka)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Sustained Spheromak Physics Experiment (SSPX) [Hooper et al. Nuclear Fusion39 863 (1999)] explores the physics of efficient magnetic field buildup and energy confinement both essential parts of advancing the spheromak concept. Extending the spheromak formation phase increases the efficiency of magnetic field generation with the maximum edge magnetic field for a given injector current ( B ? I ) from 0.65 T ? MA previously to 0.9 T ? MA . We have achieved the highest electron temperatures ( T e ) recorded for a spheromak with T e > 500 eV toroidalmagnetic field ? 1 T and toroidal current ( ? 1 MA ) [Wood et al. Improved magnetic field generation efficiency and higher temperaturespheromakplasmas Phys. Rev. Lett. (submitted)]. Extending the sustainment phase to > 8 ms extends the period of low magnetic fluctuations ( input power and dominantly collisional majority ion heating. The evolution of electron temperature shows a distinct and robust feature of spheromak formation: A hollow-to-peaked T e ( r ) associated with q ? 1 ? 2 .

B. Hudson; R. D. Wood; H. S. McLean; E. B. Hooper; D. N. Hill; J. Jayakumar; J. Moller; D. Montez; C. A. Romero-Talams; T. A. Casper; J. A. Johnson III; L. L. LoDestro; E. Mezonlin; L. D. Pearlstein

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Magnetic energy production by turbulence in binary neutron star mergers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The simultaneous detection of electromagnetic and gravitational wave emission from merging neutron star binaries would aid greatly in their discovery and interpretation. By studying turbulent amplification of magnetic fields in local high-resolution simulations of neutron star merger conditions, we demonstrate that magnetar-level (~10^16) G fields are present throughout the merger duration. We find that the small-scale turbulent dynamo converts 60% of the randomized kinetic energy into magnetic fields on a merger time scale. Since turbulent magnetic energy dissipates through reconnection events which accelerate relativistic electrons, turbulence may facilitate the conversion of orbital kinetic energy into radiation. If 10^-4 of the ~ 10^53 erg of orbital kinetic available gets processed through reconnection, and creates radiation in the 15-150 keV band, then the fluence at 200 Mpc would be 10^-7 erg/cm^2, potentially rendering most merging neutron stars in the advanced LIGO and Virgo detection volumes detecta...

Zrake, Jonathan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Perspective on the Role of Negative Ions and Ion-Ion Plasmas in Heavy Ion Fusion Science, Magnetic Fusion Energy, and Related Fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in Heavy Ion Fusion Science, Magnetic Fusion Energy, andin Heavy Ion Fusion Science, Magnetic Fusion Energy, and

Kwan, J.W.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Long-range correlation studies at the SPS energies in MC model with string fusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of the ultrarelativistic collisions of hadrons and nuclei at different centrality and energy enable to explore the QCD phase diagram in a wide range of temperature and baryon density. Long-range correlation studies are considered as a tool, sensitive to the observation of phase transition and the critical point. In the present work, a Monte Carlo model of proton-proton, proton-nucleus, and nucleus-nucleus collisions is applied to heavy and light ion collisions at the cms energy range from a few up to several hundred GeV per nucleon. The model describes the nuclear collisions at the partonic level through interaction of color dipoles and takes into account the effects of string fusion, which can be considered as an alternative to relativistic hydrodynamics way of describing the collective phenomena in heavy-ion collisions. The implementing of both the string fusion and the finite rapidity length of strings allowed to consider the particle production at non-zero baryochemical potential. We calculated th...

Kovalenko, Vladimir

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

An Energy-Stabilized Varied-Line-Space-Monochromator UndulatorBeam Line for PEEM Illumination and Magnetic Circular Dichroism  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new undulator beam line has been built and commissioned at the Advanced Light Source for illumination of the PEEM3 microscope. The beam line delivers high flux beams over an energy range from C1s through the transition metals to include the M edges of the magnetic rare earth elements. We present details of the optical design, and data on the performance of the zero-order tracking of the photon energy.

Warwick, Tony; McKinney, Wayne; Domning, Ed; Doran, Andrew; Padmore, Howard

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Knot energy in unstretching ergodic magnetic flux tubes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently Titov et al [ApJ \\textbf{693},(2009) and ApJ (2007)] have made use of a covariant model to investigate magnetic reconnection of astrophysical plasmas. Earlier R Ricca [Phys Rev A (1991)] has used another covariant formalism, to investigated vortex filaments and solitons. This formalism, called Ricci rotation coefficients (RRC), is applied here, to the Chui and Moffatt [PRSA (1995)] knotted magnetic flux tube (MFT) Riemann metric in the case of vanishing stretch. It is shown that, the vanishing of some components of the (RRC) leads to unstretching knotted tubes. Computing of magnetic knot energy in terms of the RCC, shows that, uniform, unstretching and constant cross-section tubes leads to a marginal dynamo action over magnetic surfaces. Recent investigation on the role of stretching in plasma dynamo action showed that in diffusive media [Phys Plasma \\textbf{14} (2008)], unstretching unknotted tubes would not support fast dynamo action. This result was generalized here to much more general knotted MF...

de Andrade, Garcia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Differential rotation and the structure and energy content of coronal magnetic fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is argued that differential rotation of the photospheric magnetic fields will induce currents in the corona. The work done against surface magnetic stresses will increase the energy content of the coronal magn...

M. A. Raadu

1972-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Free Energy of Electron in Metals with Magnetic and Electric Polarizations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1969 research-article Articles Free Energy of Electron in Metals with Magnetic...Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya Free energy of electrons in metals having definite...perturbation calculation, the free energy is expanded as a power series of......

Ichiro Takahashi; Masao Shimizu

1969-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Abstract--Nowadays, there are huge ranges of energy market participants. Commercial success of this area actor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that energy forecasting may bring to the security, economics and resource management fields, the scientificAbstract-- Nowadays, there are huge ranges of energy market participants. Commercial success of this area actor depends on the ability to submit competitive predictions relative to energy balance trends

Boyer, Edmond

123

Scaling the energy conversion rate from magnetic field reconnection to different bodies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Scaling the energy conversion rate from magnetic field reconnection to different bodies F. S. Mozer reconnection is often invoked to explain electromagnetic energy conversion in planetary magnetospheres, stellar in these bodies, it is important to understand energy conversion as a function of magnetic field strength

California at Berkeley, University of

124

Applications of high throughput (combinatorial) methodologies to electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

materials science for electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials. It is expected that high, and energy-related materials Martin L. Green, Ichiro Takeuchi, and Jason R. Hattrick-Simpers Citation: J) methodologies to electronic, magnetic, optical, and energy-related materials Martin L. Green,1 Ichiro Takeuchi,2

Rubloff, Gary W.

125

Low-energy planar magnetic defects in BaFe2As2: Nanotwins, twins, antiphase, and domain boundaries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In BaFe2As2, structural and magnetic planar defects begin to proliferate below the structural phase transition, affecting descriptions of magnetism and superconductivity. We study, using density-functional theory, the stability and magnetic properties of competing antiphase and domain boundaries, twins and isolated nanotwins (twin nuclei), and spin excitations proposed and/or observed. These nanoscale defects have a very low surface energy (22210 m Jm?2), with twins favorable to the mesoscale. Defects exhibit smaller moments confined near their boundariesmaking a uniform-moment picture inappropriate for long-range magnetic order in real samples. Nanotwins explain features in measured pair distribution functions so should be considered when analyzing scattering data. All these defects can be weakly mobile and/or can have fluctuations that lower assessed ordered moments from longer spatial and/or time averaging and should be considered directly.

Khan, Suffian N. [Ames Laboratory; Alam, Aftab [Ames Laboratory; Johnson, Duane D. [Ames Laboratory

2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

126

Effect of glass composition on activation energy of viscosity in glass-melting-temperature range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the high-temperature range, where the viscosity (Eta) of molten glass is <10{sup 3} Pa s, the activation energy (B) is virtually ln(Eta) = A + B/T, is nearly independent of melt composition. Hence, the viscosity-composition relationship for Eta < 10{sup 3} Pa s is defined by B as a function of composition. Using a database encompassing over 1300 compositions of high-level waste glasses with nearly 7000 viscosity data, we developed mathematical models for B(x), where x is the composition vector in terms of mass fractions of components. In this paper, we present 13 versions of B(x) as first- and second-order polynomials with coefficients for 15 to 39 components, including Others, a component that sums constituents having little effect on viscosity.

Hrma, Pavel R.; Han, Sang Soo

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Volume 28B, number 5 PHYSICS LETTERS 23 December 1968 MAGNETIC MOMENTS AND SHORT-RANGE CORRELATIONS*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to previous assertions, Brueckner correlations do affect magnetic moments. The parameteriza- tion that emerges of the Brueckner theory do not influence the moments [1]. We will first show that this as- sertion is incorrect. Amado's proof for the orbital contribution to the magnetic moment rests on the analogy of Brueckner

Bertsch George F.

128

Electronic topological transition in an n-BiSb semiconductor alloy in the quantum limit range of magnetic fields for H-parallel C{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The galvanomagnetic properties of single-crystal samples of the Bi{sub 0.93}Sb{sub 0.07} semiconductor alloy with the electron density n = 1.6 x 10{sup 17} cm{sup -3} in magnetic fields up to 14 T at T = 1.6 K have been investigated. The resistivity {rho} and Hall coefficient R have been measured as functions of the magnetic field directed along the binary axis of a crystal for a current flowing through a sample along the bisector axis; i.e., the components {rho}{sub 22} and R{sub 32,1} have been measured. The strong anisotropy of the electron spectrum of the samples makes it possible to separately observe quantum oscillations of the magnetoresistance {rho}{sub 22}(H) for H -parallel C{sub 2} in low magnetic fields for two equivalent ellipsoids with small extremal cross sections (secondary ellipsoids) and in high magnetic fields for electrons of the ellipsoid with a large extremal cross section (main ellipsoid). An increase in the energy of the electrons of secondary ellipsoids in the quantum limit magnetic fields is accompanied by the flow of electrons to the main ellipsoid; i.e., an electronic topological transition occurs from the three-valley electron spectrum to the single-valley one. After the flow stops, the Fermi energy E{sub F} increases from 18 meV to 27.8 meV. With an increase in the quantizing magnetic field, the Fermi energy of the electrons decreases both in the region of quantum oscillations of the resistance that are attributed to the electrons of the secondary ellipsoids and in the region of oscillations associated with the electrons of the main ellipsoid. The Hall coefficient R{sub 32,1} decreases in high magnetic fields; this behavior indicates the absence of the electron magnetic freezing effect.

Red'ko, N. A., E-mail: nikolaj.a.redko@mail.ioffe.ru; Kagan, V. D.; Volkov, M. P. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ioffe Physicotechnical Institute (Russian Federation)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

129

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro-magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed into kinetic energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In conventional accelerators, energy from RF electro- magnetic waves in vacuum is transformed for accelerating and storing countercirculating beams of 7-TeV protons, has a stored beam energy exceeding 300 MJ. Accelerator-based light sources rely on the fact that when beams of GeV electrons interact with magnetic

Geddes, Cameron Guy Robinson

130

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical case  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Non-normal and stochastic amplification of magnetic energy in the turbulent dynamo: Subcritical stochastic perturbations. We show that even for the subcritical case all eigenvalues are negative-scale magnetic field generation, it fails to predict the subcritical onset of a large-scale magnetic field

Fedotov, Sergei

131

Questions and Answers - Do rotating magnets create energy? Where can I find  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

If energy is formed by a generator,how does it form the energy? If energy is formed by a generator,<br>how does it form the energy? Previous Question (If energy is formed by a generator, how does it form the energy?) Questions and Answers Main Index Next Question (What is the fastest type of energy?) What is the fastest type of energy? Do rotating magnets create energy? Where can I find more information on this subject? The first law of thermodynamics is that matter/energy cannot be "created" or destroyed. We can convert energy from one form to another. For instance, in a car, we convert chemical energy (actually the binding energy of electrons) to heat, which in turn is converted to kinetic energy (motion). Your question has a similar answer. When you rotate a magnet, you are using kinetic energy to move it. This kinetic energy can be converted to

132

Multiple phase transitions found in a magnetic Heusler alloy and thermodynamics of their magnetic internal energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

a devil's staircase as it repeatedly achieves the same final magnetic state. Using experimental values

Chopra, Harsh Deep

133

Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common August 6, 2010 - 12:12pm Addthis With sintered rare earth magnets a $4 billion worldwide market, the U.S. could be a bigger producer of these magnets - which are not actually rare - and are used in hybrid vehicle motors and wind turbine generators. | Illustration Courtesy of of Electron Energy Corporation | With sintered rare earth magnets a $4 billion worldwide market, the U.S. could be a bigger producer of these magnets - which are not actually rare - and are used in hybrid vehicle motors and wind turbine generators. | Illustration Courtesy of of Electron Energy Corporation | Kevin Craft Electron Energy Corporation is one of a kind. According to Peter Dent, vice president of business development for the

134

Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common Grant Helps Make U.S. Rare Earth Magnets More Common August 6, 2010 - 12:12pm Addthis With sintered rare earth magnets a $4 billion worldwide market, the U.S. could be a bigger producer of these magnets - which are not actually rare - and are used in hybrid vehicle motors and wind turbine generators. | Illustration Courtesy of of Electron Energy Corporation | With sintered rare earth magnets a $4 billion worldwide market, the U.S. could be a bigger producer of these magnets - which are not actually rare - and are used in hybrid vehicle motors and wind turbine generators. | Illustration Courtesy of of Electron Energy Corporation | Kevin Craft Electron Energy Corporation is one of a kind. According to Peter Dent, vice president of business development for the

135

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Magnetic Composites for Flywheel Energy Storage - Jim Martin, SNL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

subsidiary subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Photos placed in horizontal position with even amount of white space between photos and header Photos placed in horizontal position with even amount of white space between photos and header Magnetic composites for flywheel energy storage September 27, 2012 James E. Martin Project description  The bearings currently used in energy storage flywheels dissipate a significant amount of energy. Magnetic bearings would reduce these losses appreciably.  Magnetic bearings require magnetic materials on an inner annulus of the flywheel for magnetic levitation.  This magnetic material must be able to withstand a 2% tensile deformation, yet

136

Hybrid Fast-Ramping Accelerator to 750 GeV/c: Refinement and Parameters over Full Energy Range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Starting with the lattice design specified in [Garren and Berg, MAP-doc-4307, 2011], we refine parameters to get precise dispersion suppression in the straight sections and eliminate beta beating in the arcs. We then compute ramped magnet fields over the entire momentum range of 375 GeV/c to 750 GeV/c, and fit them to a polynomial in the momentum. We compute the time of flight and frequency slip factor over the entire momentum range, and discuss the consequences for longitudinal dynamics.

Berg J. S.; Garren, A. A.

2012-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

137

REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 82, 083301 (2011) Increasing the energy dynamic range of solid-state nuclear track detectors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. This allows simultaneous imaging of both high and low energy particles from the fusion reactions D + 3 He 4REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS 82, 083301 (2011) Increasing the energy dynamic range of solid-state nuclear track detectors using multiple surfaces A. B. Zylstra,a) H. G. Rinderknecht, N. Sinenian, M. J

138

Optimal Transmission Range for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks Based on Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and security issues, we investigate the efficiency of energy consumption in wireless ad hoc networks-efficient mechanisms is of importance. In wireless ad hoc networks, energy consumption at each node is mainly due energy consumption of system operation and data processing, energy consumption economy of radio

Deng, Jing

139

Magnetic levitation system for moving objects - Energy Innovation...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

magnetic forces are applied to magnetically levitate a moving object such as a train car. The power required to levitate a train of such cars is drawn from the motional...

140

Dixie Valley - Geothermal Development in the Basin and Range | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Geothermal Development in the Basin and Range - Geothermal Development in the Basin and Range Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Web Site: Dixie Valley - Geothermal Development in the Basin and Range Published Publisher Not Provided, Date Not Provided DOI Not Provided Check for DOI availability: http://crossref.org Online Internet link for Dixie Valley - Geothermal Development in the Basin and Range Citation Dixie Valley - Geothermal Development in the Basin and Range [Internet]. [updated 2013/01/01;cited 2013/01/01]. Available from: http://www.geothermex.com/projects-dixie-valley.php Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Dixie_Valley_-_Geothermal_Development_in_the_Basin_and_Range&oldid=682561" Categories: References Geothermal References Uncited

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Marysville Mt Area (Blackwell) Exploration Activity Details Location Marysville Mt Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness not useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes A ground magnetic survey located no anomaly with an amplitude of more than 20 or 30 gammas that could be associated with the thermal anomaly, however the magnetic data did outline the Cretaceous stock in great detail and allow the removal from the gravity field of the effect of the stock. References D. D. Blackwell (Unknown) Exploration In A Blind Geothermal Area Near Marysville, Montana, Usa Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Marysville_Mt_Area_(Blackwell)&oldid=389390"

142

Excitation of electrostatic waves in the electron cyclotron frequency range during magnetic reconnection in laboratory overdense plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report the observation of electromagnetic radiation at high harmonics of the electron cyclotron frequency that was considered to be converted from electrostatic waves called electron Bernstein waves (EBWs) during magnetic reconnection in laboratory overdense plasmas. The excitation of EBWs was attributed to the thermalization of electrons accelerated by the reconnection electric field around the X-point. The radiative process discussed here is an acceptable explanation for observed radio waves pulsation associated with major flares.

Kuwahata, A., E-mail: kuwahata@ts.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Igami, H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan); Kawamori, E. [Institute of Space and Plasma Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 70101, Taiwan (China); Kogi, Y. [Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka 811-0295 (Japan); Inomoto, M.; Ono, Y. [Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8561 (Japan)

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

143

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Historically, magnetism is related to rock magnetism, due to a few minerals exhibiting spontaneous magnetization. Attractive properties of magnetite were already known in Antiquity and were used for navigation...

Guillaume Morin

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

SAND2011-6616A Page 1 Session 2: High Energy Density, Plasmas, Magnetic Fields  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

616A 616A Page 1 Session 2: High Energy Density, Plasmas, Magnetic Fields Dynamical Materials Experiments on Sandia's Z Machine: Obtaining Data with High Precision at HED Conditions Thomas R. Mattsson and Seth Root Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM USA Summary: The Z machine at Sandia National Laboratories has successfully been used to study a wide range of materials under extreme conditions. In this paper, we will discuss the methodology resulting in high-pressure measurements at multi-Mbar pressures as well as present experimental data for shock compression of poly methyl-pentene, a hydrocarbon plastic. Introduction During the last few years, there has been a notable increase in the interest of high-pressure science. The increase in interest has been driven by the remarkable capabilities of new and improved platforms like

145

Magnetotellurics At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magnetotellurics At Nw Basin & Range Region Magnetotellurics At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Magnetotellurics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes NOTE: These are theoretical/computer simulation tests of various methods on eight hypothetical 'model' basing-and-range geothermal systems. "The 300-meter heat flow holes are essentially useless for finding the "hidden" reservoirs. Clearly, the best results are obtained from the SP and MT surveys, with DC resistivity a close third. It is concluded that the best way to find "hidden" basin and range geothermal resources of this general type is to carry out simultaneous SP and low-frequency MT surveys, and then

146

Heat flow in the northern Basin and Range province | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

in the northern Basin and Range province in the northern Basin and Range province Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: Heat flow in the northern Basin and Range province Abstract The heat flow in the Basin and Range province of northern Nevada is extremely complex. It is a product of superposition of the regional effects of extension and volcanism /intrusion modified by the local conductive effects of thermal refraction (complicated structural settings),variations in radioactive heat production, erosion and sedimentation. In addition to these conductive effects,groundwater flow, both on a local and a regional basis,affects heat-flow measurements. Typical heat -flow values for the Basin and Range province average 85 +/- 10 mWm-2. The higher estimates are

147

Self Potential At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Self Potential At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, Self Potential At Nw Basin & Range Region (Pritchett, 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Self Potential Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes NOTE: These are theoretical/computer simulation tests of various methods on eight hypothetical 'model' basing-and-range geothermal systems. "The 300-meter heat flow holes are essentially useless for finding the "hidden" reservoirs. Clearly, the best results are obtained from the SP and MT surveys, with DC resistivity a close third. It is concluded that the best way to find "hidden" basin and range geothermal resources of this general type is to carry out simultaneous SP and low-frequency MT surveys, and then

148

Nuclear correlation and finite interaction-range effects in high-energy $(e,e'p)$ nuclear transparency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear transparency is calculated for high-energy, semi-inclusive $(e,e'p)$ reactions, by accounting for all orders of Glauber multiple-scattering and by using realistic finite-range $p N$ interaction and (dynamically and statistically) correlated nuclear wave functions. The nuclear correlation effect is reduced due to the $p N$ finite-range effect. The net effect is small, and depends sensitively on details of the nuclear correlations in finite nuclei, which are poorly known at present.

Ryoichi Seki; T. D. Shoppa; Akihisa Kohama; Koichi Yazaki

1995-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

149

Energy Dependence of Solar Neutrino Suppression and Bounds on the Neutrino Magnetic Moment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An analysis of neutrino electron scattering as applied to the SuperKamiokande solar neutrino experiment with the data from the Homestake experiment leads to an upper bound on the neutrino magnetic moment in the range $\\mu_{\

Joao Pulido; Ana M. Mourao

1998-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

150

magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

magnetism [A class of physical phenomena associated with moving electricity, including the mutual mechanical forces among magnets and electric currents] ? Magnetismus m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Loss of High-Energy Phosphate following Hyperthermia Demonstrated by in Vivo 31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sciences Loss of High-Energy Phosphate following...by in Vivo 31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...Loss of high-energy phosphate following...by in vivo 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance...Loss of High-Energy Phosphate following...by in Vivo 31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...

Michael B. Lilly; Thian C. Ng; William T. Evanochko; Charles R. Katholi; Narinder G. Kumar; Gabriel A. Elgavish; John R. Durant; Raymond Hiramoto; Vithal Ghanta; and Jerry D. Glickson

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Levels of High Energy Phosphates in Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines by 31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Sciences Levels of High Energy Phosphates in Human...Cell Lines by 31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...Levels of high energy phosphates in human...cell lines by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance...Levels of High Energy Phosphates in Human...Cell Lines by 31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...

Richard H. Knop; Desmond N. Carney; Chi Wan Chen; Jack S. Cohen; and John D. Minna

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Beryllium pressure vessels for creep tests in magnetic fusion energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beryllium has interesting applications in magnetic fusion experimental machines and future power-producing fusion reactors. Chief among the properties of beryllium that make these applications possible is its ability to act as a neutron multiplier, thereby increasing the tritium breeding ability of energy conversion blankets. Another property, the behavior of beryllium in a 14-MeV neutron environment, has not been fully investigated, nor has the creep behavior of beryllium been studied in an energetic neutron flux at thermodynamically interesting temperatures. This small beryllium pressure vessel could be charged with gas to test pressures around 3, 000 psi to produce stress in the metal of 15,000 to 20,000 psi. Such stress levels are typical of those that might be reached in fusion blanket applications of beryllium. After contacting R. Powell at HEDL about including some of the pressure vessels in future test programs, we sent one sample pressure vessel with a pressurizing tube attached (Fig. 1) for burst tests so the quality of the diffusion bond joints could be evaluated. The gas used was helium. Unfortunately, budget restrictions did not permit us to proceed in the creep test program. The purpose of this engineering note is to document the lessons learned to date, including photographs of the test pressure vessel that show the tooling necessary to satisfactorily produce the diffusion bonds. This document can serve as a starting point for those engineers who resume this task when funds become available.

Neef, W.S.

1990-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

154

Measurement of Electron Backscattering in the Energy Range of Neutron $?$-Decay  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first detailed measurements of electron backscattering from low Z targets at energies up to 124 keV. Both energy and angular distributions of the backscattered electrons are measured and compared with electron transport simulations based on the Geant4 and Penelope Monte Carlo simulation codes. Comparisons are also made with previous, less extensive, measurements and with measurements at lower energies.

J. W. Martin; J. Yuan; S. A. Hoedl; B. W. Filippone; D. Fong; T. M. Ito; E. Lin; B. Tipton; A. R. Young

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Current state of magnetic-fusion energy research  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the improved understanding of plasma physics, progress is being made on several approaches to magnetic confinement for controlled thermonuclear fusion.

Johnson, J.L.; Weimer, K.E.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Gear Trains Employing Magnetic Coupling - Energy Innovation Portal  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Patent Search Success Stories News Events Find More Like This Return to Search Gear Trains Employing Magnetic Coupling United States Patent Application Publication Number:...

157

Geothermometry At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermometry At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Geothermometry At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Geothermometry At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geochemical Sampling of Thermal and Non-thermal Waters in Nevada, Shevenell and Garside. The objective of this project is to obtain geochemical data from springs (and some wells) for which data are not publicly available, or for which the analyses are incomplete, poor, or nonexistent. With these data, geothermometers are being calculated and a preliminary assessment of

158

Isotopic Analysis At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Analysis At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Isotopic Analysis At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis- Fluid At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geochemical Sampling of Thermal and Non-thermal Waters in Nevada, Shevenell and Garside. The objective of this project is to obtain geochemical data from springs (and some wells) for which data are not publicly available, or for which the analyses are incomplete, poor, or nonexistent. With these data, geothermometers are being calculated and a preliminary assessment of

159

Refraction Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Refraction Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Refraction Survey Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Assembling Crustal Geophysical Data for Geothermal Exploration in the Great Basin, Louie and Coolbaugh. We have compiled velocity information from sources in the literature, results of previous seismic experiments and earthquake-monitoring projects, and data donated from mining, geothermal, and petroleum companies. We also collected (May 2002 and August 2004) two new crustal refraction profiles across western Nevada and the northern and

160

Geothermometry At Northern Basin & Range Region (Cole, 1983) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northern Basin & Range Region Northern Basin & Range Region (Cole, 1983) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Wstern Utah hot springs: Antelope, Fish (Deadman), Fish (Wilson), Twin Peak, Cudahy, Laverkin, Grantsville, Crystal Prison, Arrowhead, Red Hill, Monroe, Joseph, Castilla, Saratoga, Thermo, Crater, Wasatch, Beck, Deseret, Big Spring, Blue Warm, Crystal Madsen, Udy, Cutler, Garland, Utah, Ogden, Hooper, Newcastle Area References David R. Cole (1983) Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Geothermometry_At_Northern_Basin_%26_Range_Region_(Cole,_1983)&oldid=4014

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Improvements in Test Protocols for Electric Vehicles to Determine Range and Total Energy Consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As electric vehicles have entered the market fairly recently, ... tested the same way as the ICE-driven cars with the exception that determining range is ... However, the current procedures address mainly primary...

Juhani Laurikko; Jukka Nuottimki

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

BUILDUP OF MAGNETIC SHEAR AND FREE ENERGY DURING FLUX EMERGENCE AND CANCELLATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We examine a simulation of flux emergence and cancellation, which shows a complex sequence of processes that accumulate free magnetic energy in the solar corona essential for the eruptive events such as coronal mass ejections, filament eruptions, and flares. The flow velocity at the surface and in the corona shows a consistent shearing pattern along the polarity inversion line (PIL), which together with the rotation of the magnetic polarities, builds up the magnetic shear. Tether-cutting reconnection above the PIL then produces longer sheared magnetic field lines that extend higher into the corona, where a sigmoidal structure forms. Most significantly, reconnection and upward-energy-flux transfer are found to occur even as magnetic flux is submerging and appears to cancel at the photosphere. A comparison of the simulated coronal field with the corresponding coronal potential field graphically shows the development of non-potential fields during the emergence of the magnetic flux and formation of sunspots.

Fang Fang; Manchester, Ward IV; Van der Holst, Bart [Department of Atmospheric, Oceanic and Space Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States); Abbett, William P. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

163

Magnetic Field Effect on Charmonium Production in High Energy Nuclear Collisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is important to understand the strong external magnetic field generated at the very beginning of high energy nuclear collisions. We study the effect of the magnetic field on the charmonium yield and anisotropic distribution in Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC energy. The time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation is employed to describe the motion of $c\\bar{c}$ pairs. We compare our model prediction of non- collective anisotropic parameter $v_2$ of $J/\\psi$s with CMS data at high transverse momentum. This is the first attempt to measure the magnetic field in high energy nuclear collisions.

Guo, Xingyu; Xu, Nu; Xu, Zhe; Zhuang, Pengfei

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Cerium-Based Magnets: Novel High Energy Permanent Magnet Without Critical Elements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

REACT Project: Ames Laboratory will develop a new class of permanent magnets based on the more commonly available element cerium for use in both EVs and renewable power generators. Cerium is 4 times more abundant and significantly less expensive than the rare earth element neodymium, which is frequently used in todays most powerful magnets. Ames Laboratory will combine other metal elements with cerium to create a new magnet that can remain stable at the high temperatures typically found in electric motors. This new magnetic material will ultimately be demonstrated in a prototype electric motor, representing a cost-effective and efficient alternative to neodymium-based motors.

None

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Nuclear Research & Consultancy Group (NRG) develops and provides sustainable nuclear technology for energy, environment, and health. NRG offers a wide range of services to energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nuclear Research & Consultancy Group (NRG) develops and provides sustainable nuclear technology for energy, environment, and health. NRG offers a wide range of services to energy utilities, government organizations and various branches of industry - including the nuclear, financial services and medical sectors

Lindken, Ralph

166

Energy Deposition Studies for the Hi-Lumi LHC Inner Triplet Magnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A detailed model of the High Luminosity LHC inner triplet region with new large-aperture Nb3Sn magnets, field maps, corrector packages, and segmented tungsten inner absorbers was built and implemented into the FLUKA and MARS15 codes. In the optimized configuration, the peak power density averaged over the magnet inner cable width is safely below the quench limit. For the integrated luminosity of 3000 fb -1, the peak dose in the innermost magnet insulator ranges from 20 to 35 MGy. Dynamic heat loads to the triplet magnet cold mass are calculated to evaluate the cryogenic capability. In general, FLUKA and MARS results are in a very good agreement.

Mokhov, N V; Striganov, S I; Tropin, I S; Cerutti, F; Esposito, L; Lechner, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A system for differential neutron scattering experiments in the energy range from 0.5 to 20 MeV F 2010 Accepted 15 April 2010 Available online 27 May 2010 Keywords: Scattering Neutron Benchmark dependent scattered neutron distributions. Scattering measurements were performed on carbon and molybdenum

Danon, Yaron

168

Photon interference effect in x-ray absorption spectra over a wide energy range Y. Nishino and T. Ishikawa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Therefore the atomic absorption coeffi- cient a is given by a a PI a ES a Incoh , 1 where a PI , a ESPhoton interference effect in x-ray absorption spectra over a wide energy range Y. Nishino and T Received 3 July 2002; published 12 September 2002 We consider fundamental structures in x-ray absorption

Korecki, Pawe³

169

Improved Magnetic Fusion Energy Economics Via Massive Resistive Electromagnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for magnetic fusion reactors and instead using resistive magnet designs based on cheap copper or aluminum maintenance cost To put the capital cost issue into perspective, consider the following comparison, which incorporate niobium, a rare and expensive material compared to copper or aluminum. In addition to the direct

170

Definition: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Frequency-Domain Magnetics Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics AquaTrackTM, a controlled-source frequency domain magnetics tool (CS-FDM), is a patented invention by Willowstick Technologies. This technique is meant to characterize groundwater conditions and flow patterns up to 1,000 m depth.[1] References ↑ http://pangea.stanford.edu/ERE/pdf/IGAstandard/SGW/2006/kofoed.pdf Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Controlled_Source_Frequency-Domain_Magnetics&oldid=590084" Category: Definitions What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load)

171

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Technique: Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics Details Activities (2) Areas (2) Regions (0) NEPA(0) Exploration Technique Information Exploration Group: Geophysical Techniques Exploration Sub Group: Magnetic Techniques Parent Exploration Technique: Magnetic Techniques Information Provided by Technique Lithology: Stratigraphic/Structural: Hydrological: Locate geothermal groundwater and flow patterns. Thermal: Cost Information Low-End Estimate (USD): 12,000.001,200,000 centUSD 12 kUSD 0.012 MUSD 1.2e-5 TUSD / mile Median Estimate (USD): 18,000.001,800,000 centUSD 18 kUSD 0.018 MUSD 1.8e-5 TUSD / mile High-End Estimate (USD): 25,000.002,500,000 centUSD

172

Ground Magnetics At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ground Magnetics At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Coso Geothermal Area (1984) Exploration Activity Details Location Coso Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date 1984 Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The magnetic intensity contours match general geologic patterns in varying rock types. Hydrothermally altered rocks along intersecting fault zones show up as strong magnetic lows that form a triangular-shaped area. This area is centered in an area of highest heat flow and is a site of

173

Water Sampling At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At Northern Basin & Range Region Water Sampling At Northern Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northern Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geochemical Sampling of Thermal and Non-thermal Waters in Nevada, Shevenell and Garside. The objective of this project is to obtain geochemical data from springs (and some wells) for which data are not publicly available, or for which the analyses are incomplete, poor, or nonexistent. With these data, geothermometers are being calculated and a preliminary assessment of the geothermal potential and ranking of the sampled areas is being conducted using the new geochemical data. Objectives changed slightly in 2004. Samples are now being collected at sites identified by other

174

Geothermometry At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermometry At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, Geothermometry At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geothermometry Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geochemical Sampling of Thermal and Non-thermal Waters in Nevada, Shevenell and Garside. The objective of this project is to obtain geochemical data from springs (and some wells) for which data are not publicly available, or for which the analyses are incomplete, poor, or nonexistent. With these data, geothermometers are being calculated and a preliminary assessment of the geothermal potential and ranking of the sampled areas is being conducted using the new geochemical data. Objectives changed slightly in 2004. Samples are now being collected at sites identified by other

175

Geodetic Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geodetic Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, Geodetic Survey At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Geodetic Survey Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes Targeting of Potential Geothermal Resources in the Great Basin from Regional to Basin-Scale Relationships Between Geodetic Strain and Geological Structures, Geoffrey Blewitt. The objectives of this project are to assess the use of inter-seismic crustal strain rates derived from GPS-stations as an exploration tool for non-magmatic high-temperature geothermal systems, and to use this technique to target potential geothermal resources in the Great Basin. Two potential target areas were identified in year one (FY03) by regional-scale studies: (1) the area

176

Water Sampling At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water Sampling At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, Water Sampling At Nw Basin & Range Region (Laney, 2005) Exploration Activity Details Location Northwest Basin and Range Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Water Sampling Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown Notes Geochemical Sampling of Thermal and Non-thermal Waters in Nevada, Shevenell and Garside. The objective of this project is to obtain geochemical data from springs (and some wells) for which data are not publicly available, or for which the analyses are incomplete, poor, or nonexistent. With these data, geothermometers are being calculated and a preliminary assessment of the geothermal potential and ranking of the sampled areas is being conducted using the new geochemical data. Objectives changed slightly in 2004. Samples are now being collected at sites identified by other

177

The Effect of Magnetic Turbulence Energy Spectra and Pickup Ions on the Heating of the  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Effect of Magnetic Turbulence Energy Spectra and Pickup Ions on the Heating of the Solar Wind C02101 (2010)], we have incorporated in the heating model the energy cascade rate based on Iroshnikov scale. Since in steady state, the heating rate is essentially the same as the energy cascade rate

Ng, Chung-Sang

178

THE PATH TOWARD MAGNETIC FUSION ENERGY DEMONSTRATON AND THE ROLE OF ITER  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and component scale phenomena. FNST testing in fusion facilities prior to DEMO can be classified into three conducting magnets. 1. Introduction: Fusion has great potential to be a sustainable energy source. There are five pillar

Abdou, Mohamed

179

Property:Current Velocity Range(m/s) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Velocity Range(m/s) Velocity Range(m/s) Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Current Velocity Range(m/s) Property Type String Pages using the property "Current Velocity Range(m/s)" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 1 1.5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + 10-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + 11-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + 2 2-ft Flume Facility + 0.0 + 3 3-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + 5 5-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + 6 6-ft Wave Flume Facility + 0.0 + A Alden Large Flume + 3.2 + Alden Small Flume + 0.0 + Alden Wave Basin + 0.0 + B Breakwater Research Facility + 0.0 + C Carderock Maneuvering & Seakeeping Basin + 0.0 + Carderock Tow Tank 2 + 0.0 + Carderock Tow Tank 3 + 0.0 + Chase Tow Tank + 0.0 + Coastal Harbors Modeling Facility + 0.0 +

180

Energy Impacts of Effective Range Hood Use for all U.S. Residential Cooking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

electric, natural gas, or propane) was assigned to each homeof 123 kJ/min (7 kBtu/h). Propane ranges and stoves wereand 2.2 TWh [8.0 PJ] of propane for the U.S. housing sector.

Logue, Jennifer M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Design and development of low cost thermoelectric power setup in the temperature range of 30 320 K up to a magnetic field of 8 T  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The design and operation of a low cost and precise thermoelectric power (S) setup is described here. It is made simple to load and hold the sample between two Cu blocks using a spring loaded plunger arrangement. The useable range of measurements is from a ? few ?V/K to a few hundred ?V/K. The versatile nature of the setup is also demonstrated employing it in high magnetic field environment up to 8 T. S(T) data acquisition are fully automated employing a computer LabVIEW software and IEEE interfacing GPIB card (NI).

S. K. Giri; T. K. Nath

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Energy conversion in ferrofluids:?Magnetic nanoparticles as motors or generators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We submit a CoFe2O4 ferrofluid in rigid rotation (and then in a Couette flow) to an alternating magnetic field. Rotational viscosity and transverse magnetization are measured simultaneously. Depending on the relative values of fluid vorticity and field frequency, the magnetic particles behave as nanomotors or nanogenerators. It demonstrates the energy conversion between the magnetic and kinetic degrees of freedom of the particles. The effect of an hydrodynamic shear on the spectrum of relaxation times evidences an intimate structure of the ferrofluid consisting of small chains of dipoles.

F. Gazeau; C. Baravian; J.-C. Bacri; R. Perzynski; M. I. Shliomis

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Ranges and kinetic energies of fragments from 14.5-mev neutrons induced fission of ?U  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for two hours were 7. 3 x 10 n/cm -sec and 4. 0 x 10 n/cm ? sec, respectively. 8 2 8 2 Absolute neutron flux can be measured if one deter- mines the absolute activity of copper monitor at the end 0 of irradiation for a known time. The A activity is re...); the semiconductor detector measurement of the energies for the charged-particle-in- duced fission of Ra and Th (5); and time-of-flight measurement of energies and velocities of fragments from U, 2 U and 3 Pu (6). One of the interesting aspects...

Desai, Rajanikant Dattatraya

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

184

Modular Applied General Equilibrium Tool (MAGNET) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modular Applied General Equilibrium Tool (MAGNET) Modular Applied General Equilibrium Tool (MAGNET) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modular Applied General Equilibrium Tool (MAGNET) Agency/Company /Organization: LEI Wageningen UR, the Netherlands Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Related Tools Ex Ante Appraisal Carbon-Balance Tool (EX-ACT) Climate Rapid Overview and Decision Support (C-ROADS) Simulator Partnership for Economic Policy Modeling and Policy Impact Analysis (MPIA) ... further results Find Another Tool FIND DEVELOPMENT IMPACTS ASSESSMENT TOOLS A modular global computable general equilibrium model that covers the whole economy and has been used extensively in agricultural, environmental, and trade policy analysis; builds on the GTAP model, and is the successor of LEITAP. Approach MAGNET is based on the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) model and

185

High Energy Electron Confinement in a Magnetic Cusp Configuration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report experimental results validating the concept that plasma confinement is enhanced in a magnetic cusp configuration when beta (plasma pressure/magnetic field pressure) is order of unity. This enhancement is required for a fusion power reactor based on cusp confinement to be feasible. The magnetic cusp configuration possesses a critical advantage: the plasma is stable to large scale perturbations. However, early work indicated that plasma loss rates in a reactor based on a cusp configuration were too large for net power production. Grad and others theorized that at high beta a sharp boundary would form between the plasma and the magnetic field, leading to substantially smaller loss rates. The current experiment validates this theoretical conjecture for the first time and represents critical progress toward the Polywell fusion concept which combines a high beta cusp configuration with an electrostatic fusion for a compact, economical, power-producing nuclear fusion reactor.

Park, Jaeyoung; Sieck, Paul E; Offermann, Dustin T; Skillicorn, Michael; Sanchez, Andrew; Davis, Kevin; Alderson, Eric; Lapenta, Giovanni

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Magnetic Energy Storage in the Two Hydromagnetic Types of Solar Prominences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present analytical solutions that describe the hydromagnetic support of solar prominences in two characteristic configurations, called normal and inverse. We model the corona as axisymmetric outside a unit sphere and treat the prominence as a distributed cold plasma inside a purely azimuthal magnetic flux rope, held in equilibrium by the prominence weight and by an external poloidal magnetic field rigidly anchored to the base of the modeled corona. We focus on the storage of magnetic energy, in particular its potential for driving solar coronal mass ejections (CMEs). Our calculations indicate that both characteristic magnetic configurations are capable of storing enough magnetic energy to overcome the Aly limit for opening up an initially closed magnetic field. These calculations also indicate that magnetic topology is an important influence in magnetic energy storage. Fields with a normal configuration are more likely to attain energetic states leading to CME-type expulsions than those with an inverse configuration, a property we use to explain Leroy's observations of the height distributions of the two types of solar prominences.

M. Zhang; B. C. Low

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... dipoles in applied fields". It deals with the classical (Langevin) theory of para-magnetism, anisotropy fields and magnetic measurements. In the next chapter "Atomic structure" the author ... special relevance to ferrites and the inclusion of a quite lengthy discussion of Pauli para-magnetism and of Stoner's treatment of itinerant electron ferromagnetism, though it does much to ...

E. W. LEE

1972-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

188

Remainder estimates for the Long Range Behavior of the van der Waals interaction energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The van der Waals-London's law, for a collection of atoms at large separation, states that their interaction energy is pairwise attractive and decays proportionally to one over their distance to the sixth. The first rigorous result in this direction was obtained by Lieb and Thirring [LT], by proving an upper bound which confirms this law. Recently the van der Waals-London's law was proven under some assumptions by I.M. Sigal and the author [AS]. Following the strategy of [AS] and reworking the approach appropriately, we prove estimates on the remainder of the interaction energy. Furthermore, using an appropriate test function, we prove an upper bound for the interaction energy, which is sharp to leading order. For the upper bound, our assumptions are weaker, the remainder estimates stronger and the proof is simpler. The upper bound, for the cases it applies, improves considerably the upper bound of Lieb and Thirring. However, their bound is much more general. Here we consider only spinless Fermions.

Ioannis Anapolitanos

2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

189

Radiative parton energy loss in expanding quark-gluon plasma with magnetic monopoles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study radiative parton energy loss in an expanding quark-gluon plasma with magnetic monopoles. We find that for realistic number density of thermal monopoles obtained in lattice simulations parton rescatterings on monopoles can considerably enhance energy loss for plasma produced in $AA$ collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. However, contrary to previous expectations, monopoles do not lead to the surface dominance of energy loss.

B. G. Zakharov

2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

190

Effects of the Carnahan-Starling free energy within theories of fluids with short-range attraction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Within the Free-Volume Asakura-Oosawa-Vrij (FVAO) theory of colloid-polymer mixtures, we show that unphysical gas-liquid binodals predicted in the regime of small attraction range (i.e. polymer size) are caused in part by the use of the Carnahan-Starling (CS) hard sphere (HS) reference free energy. Replacement of the CS expression with an alternative dramatically affects predicted phase behaviour and, for polydisperse colloid, the resultant fractionation predictions. Although short-range attractions render FVAO, as a perturbative HS-based theory, less accurate anyway, we argue that the particular effects of CS in this regime are an important consideration -- usually ignored -- in the evaluation of such theories. We refer to a variety of literature exhibiting similarly inaccurate gas-liquid binodals, and suggest CS's status as the de facto choice of hard sphere reference should be carefully considered where short-range attractions are present.

John J. Williamson; R. Mike L. Evans; Wilson C. K. Poon; Siobhan M. Liddle

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

191

Logue and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood Use, LBNL-6683E Page 1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Logue and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy Impacts of Effective Residential Range Hood Use, LBNL-6683E Laboratory is an equal opportunity employer. #12;Logue and Singer, HVAC&R, 20(2): 264-275, 2014. Energy

192

Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 to 900 keV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Beryllium and Graphite High-Accuracy Total Cross-Section Measurements in the Energy Range from 24 new measurements of the carbon and beryllium neutron total cross section in the energy range of 24 the measurement of the energy-dependent total cross section st ~Ei ! by applying Eq. ~1! for every TOF channel i

Danon, Yaron

193

Solar axions as an energy source and modulator of the Earth magnetic field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show existence of strong negative correlation between the temporal variations of magnetic field toroidal component of the solar tachocline (the bottom of convective zone) and the Earth magnetic field (Y-component). The possibility that hypothetical solar axions, which can transform into photons in external electric or magnetic fields (the inverse Primakoff effect), can be the instrument by which the magnetic field of convective zone of the Sun modulates the magnetic field of the Earth is considered. We propose the axion mechanism of "solar dynamo-geodynamo" connection, where an energy of axions, which form in the Sun core, is modulated at first by the magnetic field of the solar tachocline zone (due to the inverse coherent Primakoff effect) and after that is absorbed in the liquid core of the Earth under influence of the terrestrial magnetic field, thereby playing the role of an energy source and a modulator of the Earth magnetic field. Within the framework of this mechanism new estimations of the strength of an axion coupling to a photon (ga_gamma about 5*10^-9 GeV^-1) and the axion mass (ma ~ 30 eV) have been obtained.

V. D. Rusov; E. P. Linnik; K. Kudela; S. Cht. Mavrodiev; T. N. Zelentsova; V. P. Smolyar; K. K. Merkotan

2010-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

194

Magnetic and electric contributions to the energy loss in a dynamical QCD medium  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The computation of radiative energy loss in a finite size QCD medium with dynamical constituents is a key ingredient for obtaining reliable predictions for jet quenching in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. It was previously shown that energy loss in dynamical QCD medium is significantly higher compared to static QCD medium. To understand this difference, we here analyze magnetic and electric contributions to energy loss in dynamical QCD medium. We find that the significantly higher energy loss in the dynamical case is entirely due to appearance of magnetic contribution in the dynamical medium. While for asymptotically high energies, the energy loss in static and dynamical medium approach the same value, we find that the physical origin of the energy loss in these two cases is different.

Magdalena Djordjevic

2011-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

195

MAGNETIC ENERGY AND HELICITY IN TWO EMERGING ACTIVE REGIONS IN THE SUN  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity in two emerging solar active regions, AR 11072 and AR 11158, are studied. They are computed by integrating over time the energy and relative helicity fluxes across the photosphere. The fluxes consist of two components: one from photospheric tangential flows that shear and braid field lines (shear term), the other from normal flows that advect magnetic flux into the corona (emergence term). For these active regions: (1) relative magnetic helicity in the active-region corona is mainly contributed by the shear term, (2) helicity fluxes from the emergence and the shear terms have the same sign, (3) magnetic energy in the corona (including both potential energy and free energy) is mainly contributed by the emergence term, and (4) energy fluxes from the emergence term and the shear term evolved consistently in phase during the entire flux emergence course. We also examine the apparent tangential velocity derived by tracking field-line footpoints using a simple tracking method. It is found that this velocity is more consistent with tangential plasma velocity than with the flux transport velocity, which agrees with the conclusion by Schuck.

Liu, Y. [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-4085 (United States); Schuck, P. W. [Space Weather Laboratory, Code 674, Heliophysics Science Division, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

196

Energy loss of ions by electric-field fluctuations in a magnetized plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The results of a theoretical investigation of the energy loss of charged particles in a magnetized classical plasma due to the electric-field fluctuations are reported. The energy loss for a test particle is calculated through the linear-response theory. At vanishing magnetic field, the electric-field fluctuations lead to an energy gain of the charged particle for all velocities. It has been shown that in the presence of strong magnetic field, this effect occurs only at low velocities. In the case of high velocities, the test particle systematically loses its energy due to the interaction with a stochastic electric field. The net effect of the fluctuations is the systematic reduction of the total energy loss (i.e., the sum of the polarization and stochastic energy losses) at vanishing magnetic field and reduction or enhancement at strong field, depending on the velocity of the particle. It is found that the energy loss of the slow heavy ion contains an anomalous term that depends logarithmically on the projectile mass. The physical origin of this anomalous term is the coupling between the cyclotron motion of the plasma electrons and the long-wavelength, low-frequency fluctuations produced by the projectile ion. This effect may strongly enhance the stochastic energy gain of the particle.

Nersisyan, Hrachya B. [Institute of Radiophysics and Electronics, 0203 Ashtarak (Armenia); Centre of Strong Fields Physics, Yerevan State University, Alex Manoogian str. 1, 0025 Yerevan (Armenia); Deutsch, Claude [LPGP - UMR-CNRS 8578, Universite Paris XI, F-91405 Orsay (France)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

197

Energy Levels and Wave Functions of Vector Bosons in Homogeneous Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We aimed to obtain the energy levels of spin-1 particles moving in a constant magnetic field. The method used here is completely algebraic. In the process to obtain the energy levels the wave function is choosen in terms of Laguerre Polynomials.

K. Sogut; A. Havare; I. Acikgoz

2001-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

198

Long range rapidity correlations and jet production in high energy nuclear collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The STAR Collaboration at RHIC presents a systematic study of high transverse momentum charged di-hadron correlations at small azimuthal pair separation {Delta}{phi}, in d+Au and central Au+Au collisions at {radical}s{sub NN} = 200 GeV. Significant correlated yield for pairs with large longitudinal separation {Delta}{eta} is observed in central Au+Au, in contrast to d+Au collisions. The associated yield distribution in {Delta}{eta} x {delta}{phi} can be decomposed into a narrow jet-like peak at small angular separation which has a similar shape to that found in d+Au collisions, and a component which is narrow in {Delta}{phi} and depends only weakly on {Delta}{eta}, the 'ridge'. Using two systematically independent analyses, finite ridge yield is found to persist for trigger p{sub t} > 6 GeV/c, indicating that it is correlated with jet production. The transverse momentum spectrum of hadrons comprising the ridge is found to be similar to that of bulk particle production in the measured range (2 < p{sub t} < 4 GeV/c).

STAR Collaboration; Abelev, Betty

2010-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

199

On EAS spectrum with extremely low content of hadrons in the primary-energy range ?1014?1015 eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The distribution of energy fluxes of the hadron component of extensive air showers through an ion-ization calorimeter in the primary-energy range ?3 1013?1016 eV is considered. Extensive air showers with zero a...

T. T. Barnaveli; T. T. Barnaveli Jr.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Technologies for energy storage flywheels and super conducting magnetic energy storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A flywheel is an electromechanical storage system in which energy is stored in the kinetic energy of a rotating mass. Flywheel systems under development include those with steel flywheel rotors and resin/glass or resin/carbon-fiber composite rotors. The mechanics of energy storage in a flywheel system are common to both steel- and composite-rotor flywheels. In both systems, the momentum of the rotating rotor stores energy. The rotor contains a motor/generator that converts energy between electrical and mechanical forms. In both types of systems, the rotor operates in a vacuum and spins on bearings to reduce friction and increase efficiency. Steel-rotor systems rely mostly on the mass of the rotor to store energy while composite flywheels rely mostly on speed. During charging, an electric current flows through the motor increasing the speed of the flywheel. During discharge, the generator produces current flow out of the system slowing the wheel down. The basic characteristics of a Flywheel system are shown. Steel flywheel systems are currently being marketed in the US and Germany and can be connected in parallel to provide greater power if required. Sizes range from 40kW to 1.6MW for times of 5--120 seconds. At this time sales are limited but growing. The suppliers of the composite type flywheel systems are currently in the prototype stages of development. Flywheel systems offer several potential advantages. FES systems, as their developers envision them will have exceptionally long service lives and low life-cycle costs as a result of minimal O and M requirements. FES systems are compact and self-contained allowing them to be placed in tight quarters, and they contain no hazardous chemicals nor do they produce flammable gases.

BOYES,JOHN D.

2000-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THIS is a good book, and we are glad to see the subject of magnetism fully treated in a popularly written text-book. It is a second edition of ... of importance, accuracy, and exhaustiveness, places the present treatise, as far as terrestrial magnetism is concerned, much before any similar book with which we are acquainted. The correction ...

JAMES STUART

1872-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

202

Isotopic Mo Neutron Total Cross Section Measurements in the Energy Range 1 to 620 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A series of new total cross section measurements for the stable molybdenum isotopes of 92,94,95,96,98,100Mo covering the energy range between 1 keV and 620 keV was performed at the Gaerttner LINAC Center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. New high-accuracy resonance parameters were extracted from an analysis of the data using the multilevel R-matrix Bayesian code SAMMY. In the unresolved resonance region, average resonance parameters and fits to the total cross sections were obtained using the Bayesian Hauser-Feshbach statistical model code FITACS.

R. Bahran; D. Barry; G. Leinweber; M. Rapp; R. Block; A. Daskalakis; B. McDermott; S. Piela; E. Blain; Y. Danon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Forbush decreases and solar events seen in the 10 - 20GeV energy range by the Karlsruhe Muon Telescope  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Since 1993, a muon telescope located at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe Muon Telescope) has been recording the flux of single muons mostly originating from primary cosmic-ray protons with dominant energies in the 10 - 20 GeV range. The data are used to investigate the influence of solar effects on the flux of cosmic-rays measured at Earth. Non-periodic events like Forbush decreases and ground level enhancements are detected in the registered muon flux. A selection of recent events will be presented and compared to data from the Jungfraujoch neutron monitor. The data of the Karlsruhe Muon Telescope help to extend the knowledge about Forbush decreases and ground level enhancements to energies beyond the neutron monitor regime.

I. Braun; J. Engler; J. R. Hrandel; J. Milke

2008-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

204

Very high energy emission as a probe of relativistic magnetic reconnection in pulsar winds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The population of gamma-ray pulsars, including Crab observed in the TeV range, and Vela detected above 50 GeV, challenges existing models of pulsed high-energy emission. Such models should be universally applicable, yet they should account for spectral differences among the pulsars. We show that the gamma-ray emission of Crab and Vela can be explained by synchrotron radiation from the current sheet of a striped wind, expanding with a modest Lorentz factor $\\Gamma\\lesssim100$ in the Crab case, and $\\Gamma\\lesssim50$ in the Vela case. In the Crab spectrum a new synchrotron self-Compton component is expected to be detected by the upcoming experiment CTA. We suggest that the gamma-ray spectrum directly probes the physics of relativistic magnetic reconnection in the striped wind. In the most energetic pulsars, like Crab, with $\\dot{E}_{38}^{3/2}/P_{-2}\\gtrsim0.002$ (where $\\dot{E}$ is the spin down power, $P$ is the pulsar period, and $X=X_i\\times10^i$ in CGS units), reconnection proceeds in the radiative cooling ...

Mochol, Iwona

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

A study of magnetic anisotropy energy in CuMn spin glass  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A STUDY OF MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY ENERGY IN CuMn SPIN GLASS A Thesis by CHRISTINE ADELE ALLEN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1986... Major Subject: Physics A STUDY OF MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY ENERGY IN CuMn SPIN GLASS A Thesis by CHRISTINE ADELE ALLEN Approved as to style and content by: Thomas W. Adair, III (Chai man of Committee) Robert A. enefick (Member) Donald L. Parker...

Allen, Christine Adele

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

206

The Cosmic Ray p+He energy spectrum in the 3-3000 TeV energy range measured by ARGO-YBJ  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full coverage air shower detector operated at the Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration since November 2007 to February 2013. The high altitude and the high segmentation and spacetime resolution offer the possibility to explore the cosmic ray energy spectrum in a very wide range, from a few TeV up to the PeV region. The high segmentation allows a detailed measurement of the lateral distribution, which can be used in order to discriminate showers produced by light and heavy elements. In this work we present the measurement of the cosmic ray light component spectrum in the energy range 3-3000 TeV. The analysis has been carried out by using a two-dimensional unfolding method based on the Bayes' theorem.

Mari, S M

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

NREL Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life, and Electric Vehicle Range (Fact Sheet), Innovation: The Spectrum of Clean Energy Innovation, NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Reveals Links Among Reveals Links Among Climate Control, Battery Life, and Electric Vehicle Range Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) are providing new insights into the relationships between the climate-control systems of plug-in electric vehicles and the distances these vehicles can travel on a single charge. In particular, NREL research has determined that "preconditioning" a vehicle- achieving a comfortable cabin temperature and preheating or precooling the battery while the vehicle is still plugged in-can extend its driving range and improve battery life over the long term. One of the most significant barriers to widespread deployment of electric vehicles is range anxiety-a driver's uncertainty about the vehicle's ability to reach a destination before fully

208

Magnetic Reconnection in Astrophysical and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic Reconnection in Astrophysical and Laboratory Plasmas Ellen G. Zweibel1 and Masaaki Yamada2 astrophysics, magnetic fields, magnetic reconnection Abstract Magnetic reconnection is a topological rearrangement of magnetic field that converts magnetic energy to plasma energy. Astrophysical flares, from

209

Electromagnetic radiation from positive-energy bound electrons in the Coulomb field of a nucleus at rest in a strong uniform magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A classical analysis is presented of the electromagnetic radiation emitted by positive-energy electrons performing bound motion in the Coulomb field of a nucleus at rest in a strong uniform magnetic field. Bounded trajectories exist and span a wide range of velocity directions near the nucleus (compared to free trajectories with similar energies) when the electron Larmor radius is smaller than the distance at which the electron-nucleus Coulomb interaction energy is equal to the mechanical energy of an electron. The required conditions occur in magnetic white dwarf photospheres and have been achieved in experiments on production of antihydrogen. Under these conditions, the radiant power per unit volume emitted by positive-energy bound electrons is much higher than the analogous characteristic of bremsstrahlung (in particular, in thermal equilibrium) at frequencies that are below the electron cyclotron frequency but higher than the inverse transit time through the interaction region in a close collision in the absence of a magnetic field. The quantum energy discreteness of positive-energy bound states restricts the radiation from an ensemble of bound electrons (e.g., in thermal equilibrium) to nonoverlapping spectral lines, while continuum radiative transfer is dominated by linearly polarized bremsstrahlung.

Arsenyev, S. A.; Koryagin, S. A., E-mail: koryagin@appl.sci-nnov.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Applied Physics (Russian Federation)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Magnetic Energy and Helicity Budgets in the Active-Region Solar Corona. I. Linear Force-Free Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We self-consistently derive the magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity budgets of a three-dimensional linear force-free magnetic structure rooted in a lower boundary plane. For the potential magnetic energy we derive a general expression that gives results practically equivalent to those of the magnetic Virial theorem. All magnetic energy and helicity budgets are formulated in terms of surface integrals applied to the lower boundary, thus avoiding computationally intensive three-dimensional magnetic field extrapolations. We analytically and numerically connect our derivations with classical expressions for the magnetic energy and helicity, thus presenting a so-far lacking unified treatment of the energy/helicity budgets in the constant-alpha approximation. Applying our derivations to photospheric vector magnetograms of an eruptive and a noneruptive solar active regions, we find that the most profound quantitative difference between these regions lies in the estimated free magnetic energy and relative magnetic helicity budgets. If this result is verified with a large number of active regions, it will advance our understanding of solar eruptive phenomena. We also find that the constant-alpha approximation gives rise to large uncertainties in the calculation of the free magnetic energy and the relative magnetic helicity. Therefore, care must be exercised when this approximation is applied to photospheric magnetic field observations. Despite its shortcomings, the constant-alpha approximation is adopted here because this study will form the basis of a comprehensive nonlinear force-free description of the energetics and helicity in the active-region solar corona, which is our ultimate objective.

M. K. Georgoulis; Barry J. LaBonte

2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

211

A mechanism for magnetic field stochastization and energy release during an edge pedestal collapse  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

On the basis of three-dimensional nonlinear magnetohydrodynamic simulations, we propose a new dynamical process leading to the stochastization of magnetic fields during an edge pedestal collapse. Primary tearing modes are shown to grow by extracting kinetic energy of unstable ballooning modes, eventually leading to the island overlap. Secondary tearing modes, which are generated through a coherent nonlinear interaction between adjacent ballooning modes, play a key role in this process, mediating the energy transfer between primary ballooning and tearing modes. Explicit calculations of the parallel energy loss through the stochastic field lines show that it can be a likely dominant energy loss mechanism during an edge pedestal collapse.

Rhee, Tongnyeol; Jhang, Hogun; Park, Gun Young; Singh, Raghvendra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Resistivity and Energy Flow in a Plasma Undergoing Magnetic-Field-Line Reconnection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Detailed time- and space-resolved measurements of the electric fields and currents have been made in a laboratory plasma undergoing magnetic-field-line reconnection. The resistivity normalized to the classical value is found to be spatially inhomogeneous (10energy balance [?E?H?=-E?J?-(??t)(B22?0)] shows that electron heating accounts for most of the electromagnetic energy loss.

N. Wild; W. Gekelman; R. L. Stenzel

1981-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

213

White Paper on Magnetic Fusion Energy Priorities by Paul M. Bellan, Professor of Applied Physics, Caltech  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

White Paper on Magnetic Fusion Energy Priorities by Paul M. Bellan, Professor of Applied Physics, Caltech It is important to make ITER work (surpass fusion breakeven) and it is equally important for ITER there will be problems with plasmawall interactions or materials. There are many possible types of problems or there may

214

Forward-to-backward asymmetry of the (?,n) reaction in the energy range 2030 MeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The forward-to-backward asymmetry of neutrons emitted in the (?,n) reactions on Pbnat and Cdnat targets was measured for photons in the range of 2030 MeV, where the isovector quadrupole giant resonance is expected to lie. The asymmetry was observed to increase from small values (?0.2) to large ones (?0.6 and 0.8) for Cdnat and Pbnat, respectively. This phenomenon is interpreted as the interference between E1 and E2 amplitudes. From an analysis of the asymmetry the excitation energies of the E2 isovector resonances were estimated to be 23.51.5 MeV and 26.51.5 MeV for the Pb and Cd nuclei, respectively. The E2 isovector resonances are found to be considerably wider than the E1 resonances.

T. Murakami; I. Halpern; D. W. Storm; P. T. Debevec; L. J. Morford; S. A. Wender; D. H. Dowell

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Study of CS/sub 2/ in the 3--10 eV energy range by electron energy loss spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electron impact energy loss spectra are obtained in CS/sub 2/ in the energy loss range of 3--10 eV with high and medium energy resolution. Measurements have been performed at various incident electron energies (approx.10--100eV) and scattering angles (4/sup 0/--90/sup 0/). The high energy resolution (approx.25 meV) has made possible the detailed analysis of the vibrational progressions and Rydberg series, and some identifications are supported by the plots of the differential cross sections of the studied transitions. New bands are evidenced in the region of the low-lying states 3--5 eV and classifications are proposed. The features appearing between 6.5 and 10 eV are classified into ten Rydberg series converging to the X /sup 2/Pi/sub g/ ground state of CS/sup +//sub 2/, and assignments are proposed for most of them. New triplet features are also evidenced around 6.6 eV, while the triplet character proposed by Greening and King for some transitions is not confirmed.

Hubin-Franskin, M.; Delwiche, J.; Poulin, A.; Leclerc, B.; Roy, P.; Roy, D.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Elementary Heating Events - Magnetic Interactions Between Two Flux Sources. III Energy Considerations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The magnetic field plays a crucial role in heating the solar corona, but the exact energy release mechanism(s) is(are) still unknown. Here, we investigate in detail, the process of magnetic energy release in a situation where two initially independent flux systems are forced into each other. Work done by the foot point motions goes in to building a current sheet in which magnetic reconnection takes place. The scaling relations of the energy input and output are determined as functions of the driving velocity and the strength of fluxes in the independent flux systems. In particular, it is found that the energy injected into the system is proportional to the distance travelled not the rate of travel. Similarly, the rate of Joule dissipation is related to the distance travelled. Hence, rapidly driven foot points lead to bright, intense, but short-lived events, whilst slowly driven foot points produce weaker, but longer-lived brightenings. Integrated over the lifetime of the events both would produce the same heating if all other factors were the same. A strong overlying field has the affect of creating compact flux lobes from the sources. These appear to lead to a more rapid injection of energy, as well as a more rapid release of energy. Thus, the stronger the overlying field the more compact and more intense the heating. This means observers must know the rate of movement of the magnetic fragments involved in an events, as well as determine the strength and orientation of the surrounding field to be able to predict anything about the energy dissipated.

K. Galsgaard; C. E. Parnell

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

217

Magnetic flux conversion and relaxation toward a minimum-energy state in S-1 spheromak plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

S-1 Spheromak currents and magnetic fluxes have been measured with Rogowski coils and flux loops external to the plasma. Toroidal plasma currents up to 350 kA and spheromak configuration lifetimes over 1.0 msec have been achieved at moderate power levels. The plasma formation in the S-1 Spheromak device is based on an inductive transfer of poloidal and toroidal magnetic flux from a toroidal ''flux core'' to the plasma. Formation is programmed to guide the configuration into a force-free, minimum-energy Taylor state. Properly detailed programming of the formation process is found not to be essential since plasmas adjust themselves during formation to a final equilibrium near the Taylor state. After formation, if the plasma evolves away from the stable state, then distinct relaxation oscillation events occur which restore the configuration to that stable state. The relaxation process involves reconnection of magnetic field lines, and conversion of poloidal to toroidal magnetic flux (and vice versa) has been observed and documented. The scaling of toroidal plasma current and toroidal magnetic flux in the plasma with externally applied currents is consistent with the establishment of a Taylor state after formation. In addition, the magnetic helicity is proportional to that injected from the flux core, independent of how that helicity is generated.

Janos, A.

1985-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A Magnetized Local Supercluster and the Origin of the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A sufficiently magnetized Local Supercluster can explain the spectrum and angular distribution of ultra-high energy cosmic rays. We show that the spectrum of extragalactic cosmic rays with energies below $\\sim 10^{20}$ eV may be due to the diffusive propagation in the Local Supercluster with fields of $\\sim 10^{-8} - 10^{-7}$ Gauss. Above $\\sim 10^{20}$ eV, cosmic rays propagate in an almost rectilinear way which is evidenced by the change in shape of the spectrum at the highest energies. The fit to the spectrum requires that at least one source be located relatively nearby at $\\sim 10-15$ Mpc away from the Milky Way. We discuss the origin of magnetic fields in the Local Supercluster and the observable predictions of this model.

Pasquale Blasi; Angela V. Olinto

1998-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

219

Magnetized Bianchi Type $VI_{0}$ Barotropic Massive String Universe with Decaying Vacuum Energy Density $?$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bianchi type $VI_{0}$ massive string cosmological models using the technique given by Letelier (1983) with magnetic field are investigated. To get the deterministic models, we assume that the expansion ($\\theta$) in the model is proportional to the shear ($\\sigma$) and also the fluid obeys the barotropic equation of state. It was found that vacuum energy density $\\Lambda \\propto \\frac{1}{t^{2}}$ which matches with natural units. The behaviour of the models from physical and geometrical aspects in presence and absence of magnetic field is also discussed.

Anirudh Pradhan; Raj Bali

2008-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

220

On the asymptotic balance between electric and magnetic energies for hydromagnetic relativistic flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the equations of classical magnetohydrodynamics, the displacement current is considered vanishingly small due to low plasma velocities. For velocities comparable to the speed of light, the full relativistic electromagnetic equations must be used. In the absence of gravitational forcings and with an isotropic Ohm's law, it is proved that for poloidal magnetic field and velocity and toroidal electric field, the electric and magnetic energies tend to be equivalent in average for large times. This represents a partial extension of Cowling's theorem for axisymmetric fields.

Nez, Manuel [Department of Algebra and Mathematical Analysis and IMUVA, Universidad de Valladolid, 47005 Valladolid (Spain)] [Department of Algebra and Mathematical Analysis and IMUVA, Universidad de Valladolid, 47005 Valladolid (Spain)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

VOLUME54, NUMBER9 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 4 MARCH1985 Conversion of Wave Energy to Magnetic Field Energy in a Plasma Torus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VOLUME54, NUMBER9 PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS 4 MARCH1985 Conversion of Wave Energy to Magnetic Field into plasma heating so that the conversion efficiency of rf energy to po- loidal field energy, given. Evidently, P,JP- 1. This points to a regime for efficient energy conversion except for two further effects

Karney, Charles

222

Effect of energy and momentum conservation on fluid resonances for resonant magnetic perturbations in a tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the impact of momentum and energy conservation of the collision operator in the kinetic description for Resonant Magnetic Perturbations (RMPs) in a tokamak is studied. The particle conserving differential collision operator of Ornstein-Uhlenbeck type is supplemented with integral parts such that energy and momentum are conserved. The application to RMP penetration in a tokamak shows that energy conservation in the electron collision operator is important for the quantitative description of plasma shielding effects at the resonant surface. On the other hand, momentum conservation in the ion collision operator does not significantly change the results.

Leitner, Peter; Heyn, Martin F.; Kernbichler, Winfried [Fusion@AW, Institut fr Theoretische PhysikComputational Physics, TU Graz, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz (Austria); Ivanov, Ivan B. [Fusion@AW, Institut fr Theoretische PhysikComputational Physics, TU Graz, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz (Austria); St. Petersburg State University, Institute of Physics, Ulyanovskaya 1, Petrodvoretz 198504 (Russian Federation); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188300 Gatchina, Leningrad Oblast (Russian Federation); Kasilov, Sergei V. [Fusion@AW, Institut fr Theoretische PhysikComputational Physics, TU Graz, Petersgasse 16, A-8010 Graz (Austria); Institute of Plasma Physics, National Science Center Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Ul. Akademicheskaya 1, 61108 Kharkov (Ukraine)

2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

ENERGY-OPTIMISED CODED MODULATION FOR SHORT-RANGE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS ON NAKAGAMI-m FADING CHANNELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a transmission scheme which takes into account total energy consumption instead of transmission energy alone scheme which takes into account total energy consumption instead of transmission energy alone of a wireless communication link is sufficiently short, circuit energy consumption and transmission energy con

?ien, Geir E.

224

Building Energy Simulation Test for Existing Homes (BESTEST-EX): Instructions for Implementing the Test Procedure, Calibration Test Reference Results, and Example Acceptance-Range Criteria  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication summarizes building energy simulation test for existing homes (BESTEST-EX): instructions for implementing the test procedure, calibration tests reference results, and example acceptance-range criteria.

Judkoff, R.; Polly, B.; Bianchi, M.; Neymark, J.; Kennedy, M.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

State Primary Standard of the Unit of Energy Flux of an Electromagnetic Field in the Range 0.378 GHz  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report the results of studies of the new measurement standards GT 160-00. The primary standard ... to reproduce and transfer the size of the unit of electromagnetic energy flux in the frequency range 0.3...

S. A. Kolotygin; V. A. Tishchenko; L. N. Bryanskii

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

magnets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

I I Painless Physics Articles BEAM COOLING August 2, 1996 By Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affairs ACCELERATION August 16, 1996 By Dave Finley, Accelerator Division Head RF August 30, 1996 By Pat Colestock, Accelerator Division FIXED TARGET PHYSICS September 20, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section FIXED TARGET PHYSICS PART DEUX October 16, 1996 By Peter H. Garbincius, Physics Section and Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris CROSS SECTION November 1, 1996 By Doreen Wackeroth, Theoretical Physics Edited by Leila Belkora, Office of Public Affaris MAGNETS PART I November 15, 1996 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs MAGNETS PART II January 10, 1997 By Hank Glass, Technical Support Section Edited by Donald Sena, Office of Public Affairs

227

31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Studies of Tumor Energy Metabolism and Its Relationship to Intracapillary Oxyhemoglobin Saturation Status and Tumor Hypoxia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Special Lecture 31P Nuclear Magnetic Resonance...Studies of Tumor Energy Metabolism and Its...MLS, OWI). Tumor energy metabolism was studied in vivo by 31P nuclear magnetic resonance...by hypoxia. 31P nuclear magnetic resonance...studies of tumor energy metabolism and its...

Einar K. Rofstad; Paul DeMuth; Bruce M. Fenton; and Robert M. Sutherland

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Building Energy Simulation Test for Existing Homes (BESTEST-EX): Instructions for Implementing the Test Procedure, Calibration Test Reference Results, and Example Acceptance-Range Criteria  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Building Energy Simulation Test for Building Energy Simulation Test for Existing Homes (BESTEST-EX): Instructions for Implementing the Test Procedure, Calibration Test Reference Results, and Example Acceptance-Range Criteria Ron Judkoff, Ben Polly, and Marcus Bianchi National Renewable Energy Laboratory Joel Neymark J. Neymark & Associates Mike Kennedy Mike D. Kennedy, Inc. Link to Accompanying Zipped Data Files (3.9 MB) This document is intended for use with the following documents: Building Energy Simulation Test for Existing Homes (BESTEST-EX), NREL/TP-550-47427 Example Procedures for Developing Acceptance-Range Criteria for BESTEST-EX, NREL/TP-550-47502 Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-52414 August 2011 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy

229

Plant and operational features of the BPA 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) system was designed and developed for application in the Western US Power System to damp power oscillations that limit high voltage ac transmission. The system is in place at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Tacoma Substation and has been in an experimental use for over a year. Extended operations of the unit have been undertaken with success. The physical, electrical, and operational features of the SMES system are given.

Rogers, J.D.; Hauer, J.F.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In our previous discussions of the electronic structure of materials we have assumed the one-electron approximation. The energy levels and the bandstructure were calculated for an electron in an effective pote...

Professor Dr. Harald Ibach; Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Hans Lth

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Efficiency of Magnetic to Kinetic Energy Conversion in a Monopole Magnetosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Unconfined relativistic outflows from rotating, magnetized compact objects are often well modeled by assuming that the field geometry is approximately a split-monopole at large radii. Earlier work has indicated that such an unconfined flow has an inefficient conversion of magnetic energy to kinetic energy. This has led to the conclusion that ideal magnetohydrodynamical (MHD) processes fail to explain observations of, e.g., the Crab pulsar wind at large radii where energy conversion appears efficient. In addition, as a model for astrophysical jets, the monopole field geometry has been abandoned in favor of externally confined jets since the latter appeared to be generically more efficient jet accelerators. We perform time-dependent axisymmetric relativistic MHD simulations in order to find steady-state solutions for a wind from a compact object endowed with a monopole field geometry. Our simulations follow the outflow for 10 orders of magnitude in distance from the compact object, which is large enough to study both the initial "acceleration zone" of the magnetized wind as well as the asymptotic "coasting zone." We obtain the surprising result that acceleration is actually efficient in the polar region, which develops a jet despite not being confined by an external medium. Our models contain jets that have sufficient energy to account for moderately energetic long and short gamma-ray burst (GRB) events (~1051-1052 erg), collimate into narrow opening angles (opening half-angle ? j ? 0.03 rad), become matter-dominated at large radii (electromagnetic energy flux per unit matter energy flux ? j ~ 200 for our fiducial model). The simulated jets have ? j ? j ~ 5-15, so they are in principle capable of generating "achromatic jet breaks" in GRB afterglow light curves. By defining a "causality surface" beyond which the jet cannot communicate with a generalized "magnetic nozzle" near the axis of rotation, we obtain approximate analytical solutions for the Lorentz factor that fit the numerical solutions well. This allows us to extend our results to monopole wind models with arbitrary magnetization. Overall, our results demonstrate that the production of ultrarelativistic jets is a more robust process than previously thought.

Alexander Tchekhovskoy; Jonathan C. McKinney; Ramesh Narayan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Impact of pulsed irradiation upon neutron activation calculations for inertial and magnetic fusion energy power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sisolak et al. defined two methods for the approximation of pulsed irradiation: the steady-state (SS) and the equivalent steady-state (ESS) methods. Both methods have been shown to greatly simplify the process of calculating radionuclide inventories. However, they are not accurate when applied to magnetic fusion energy (MFF) and inertial fusion energy (IFE) experimental facilities. In the work reported here, an attempt has been made to evaluate the accuracy of the SS and ESS methods as they might be applied to typical MFE and IFE power plants. 18 refs., 6 figs.

Latkowski, J.F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sanz, J. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain); Vujic, J.L. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

233

Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy Annette R. Grilli  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Experimental and Numerical Study of Spar Buoy-magnet/spring Oscillators Used as Wave Energy at least one short-stroke linear generator (SSLG), made of a magnet, suspended to a spring, and oscillating within a coil. This system is aimed at producing low and renewable wave power (up to ¢ £ ¤ ¥ k

Grilli, Stéphan T.

234

Influence of the longitudinal magnetic field in the accelerating gap on the limiting parameters of a plasma electron source operating in the forevacuum pressure range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results are presented from experimental studies of the influence of the longitudinal magnetic field in the accelerating gap on the emission current, accelerating voltage, and maximum gas pressure in a plasma electron

I. S. Zhirkov; V. A. Burdovitsin; E. M. Oks

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

COMMERCIALIZATION DEMONSTRATION OF MID-SIZED SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE TECHNOLOGY FOR ELECTRIC UTILITYAPPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As an outgrowth of the Technology Reinvestment Program of the 1990s, an Agreement was formed between BWXT and the DOE to promote the commercialization of Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) technology. Business and marketing studies showed that the performance of electric transmission lines could be improved with this SMES technology by stabilizing the line thereby allowing the reserved stability margin to be used. One main benefit sought was to double the capacity and the amount of energy flow on an existing transmission line by enabling the use of the reserved stability margin, thereby doubling revenue. Also, electrical disturbances, power swings, oscillations, cascading disturbances and brown/black-outs could be mitigated and rendered innocuous; thereby improving power quality and reliability. Additionally, construction of new transmission lines needed for increased capacity could be delayed or perhaps avoided (with significant savings) by enabling the use of the reserved stability margin of the existing lines. Two crucial technical aspects were required; first, a large, powerful, dynamic, economic and reliable superconducting magnet, capable of oscillating power flow was needed; and second, an electrical power interface and control to a transmission line for testing, demonstrating and verifying the benefits and features of the SMES system was needed. A project was formed with the goals of commercializing the technology by demonstrating SMES technology for utility applications and to establish a domestic capability for manufacturing large superconducting magnets for both commercial and defense applications. The magnet had very low AC losses to support the dynamic and oscillating nature of the stabilizing power flow. Moreover, to economically interface to the transmission line, the magnet had the largest operating voltage ever made. The manufacturing of that design was achieved by establishing a factory with newly designed and acquired equipment, tooling, methods and skilled personnel. The final magnet system measured 14 feet in diameter, 10 feet in height, and weighed about 35 tons. The superconducting magnet and design technology was successfully implemented and demonstrated. The project was not successfully concluded however; as the critical planned final demonstration was not achieved. The utilities could not understand or clarify their future business needs and the regulatory requirements, because of the deregulation policies and practices of the country. Much uncertainty existed which prevented utilities from defining business plans, including asset allocation and cost recovery. Despite the technical successes and achievements, the commercial development could not be implemented and achieved. Thus, the demonstration of this enhancement to the utilitys transmission system and to the reliability of the nations electrical grid was not achieved. The factory was ultimately discontinued and the technology, equipment and product were placed in storage.

CHARLES M. WEBER

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

236

Stored energies in electric and magnetic current densities for small antennas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electric and magnetic currents are essential to describe electromagnetic stored energy, as well as the associated quantities of antenna Q and the partial directivity to antenna Q-ratio, D/Q, for general structures. The upper bound of previous D/Q-results for antennas modeled by electric currents is accurate enough to be predictive, this motivates us here to extend the analysis to include magnetic currents. In the present paper we investigate antenna Q bounds and D/Q-bounds for the combination of electric- and magnetic-currents, in the limit of electrically small antennas. This investigation is both analytical and numerical, and we illustrate how the bounds depend on the shape of the antenna. We show that the antenna Q can be associated with the largest eigenvalue of certain combinations of the electric and magnetic polarizability tensors. The results are a fully compatible extension of the electric only currents, which come as a special case. The here proposed method for antenna Q provides the minimum Q-value...

Jonsson, B L G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Magnetic lensing of extremely high energy cosmic rays in a galactic wind  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show that in the model of Galactic magnetic wind recently proposed to explain the extremely high energy (EHE) cosmic rays so far observed as originating from a single source (M87 in the Virgo cluster), the magnetic field strongly magnifies the fluxes and produces multiple images of the source. The apparent position on Earth of the principal image moves, for decreasing energies, towards the galactic south. It is typically amplified by an order of magnitude at $E/Z\\sim 2\\times 10^{20}$ eV, but becomes strongly demagnified below $10^{20}$ eV. At energies below $E/Z\\sim 1.3\\times 10^{20}$ eV, all events in the northern galactic hemisphere are due to secondary images, which have huge amplifications ($>10^2$). This model would imply strong asymmetries between the north and south galactic hemispheres, such as a (latitude dependent) upper cut-off value below $2\\times 10^{20}$ eV for CR protons arriving to the south and lower fluxes in the south than in the north above $10^{20}$ eV. The large resulting magnifications reduce the power requirements on the source, but the model needs a significant tunning between the direction to the source and the symmetry axis of the wind. If more modest magnetic field strengths were assumed, a scenario in which the observed EHE events are heavier nuclei whose flux is strongly lensed becomes also plausible and would predict that a transition from a light composition to a heavier one could take place at the highest energies.

Diego Harari; Silvia Mollerach; Esteban Roulet

2000-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

238

Tunable negligible-loss energy transfer between dipolar-coupled magnetic disks by stimulated vortex gyration  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structure of magnetic vortex cores. Science 298, 577 Park,Magnetic vortex core observation in circular dots of Permalloy. Science

Jung, Hyunsung

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

THE CENTAURUS A ULTRAHIGH-ENERGY COSMIC-RAY EXCESS AND THE LOCAL EXTRAGALACTIC MAGNETIC FIELD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ultrahigh-energy cosmic-ray (UHECR) anisotropies discovered by the Pierre Auger Observatory provide the potential to finally address both the particle origins and properties of the nearby extragalactic magnetic field (EGMF). We examine the implications of the excess of {approx}10{sup 20} eV events around the nearby radio galaxy Centaurus A. We find that, if Cen A is the source of these cosmic rays, the angular distribution of events constrains the EGMF strength within several Mpc of the Milky Way to {approx}> 20 nG for an assumed primary proton composition. Our conclusions suggest that either the observed excess is a statistical anomaly or the local EGMF is stronger than conventionally thought. We discuss several implications, including UHECR scattering from more distant sources, time delays from transient sources, and the possibility of using magnetic lensing signatures to attain tighter constraints.

Yueksel, Hasan; Kronberg, Philipp P. [Theoretical Division, MS B285, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Stanev, Todor [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Kistler, Matthew D. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2012-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

240

The optical depth of the Universe to ultrahigh energy cosmic ray scattering in the magnetized large scale structure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper provides an analytical description of the transport of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays in an inhomogeneously magnetized intergalactic medium. This latter is modeled as a collection of magnetized scattering centers such as radio cocoons, magnetized galactic winds, clusters or magnetized filaments of large scale structure, with negligible magnetic fields in between. Magnetic deflection is no longer a continuous process, it is rather dominated by scattering events. We study the interaction between high energy cosmic rays and the scattering agents. We then compute the optical depth of the Universe to cosmic ray scattering and discuss the phenomological consequences for various source scenarios. For typical parameters of the scattering centers, the optical depth is greater than unity at 5x10^{19}eV, but the total angular deflection is smaller than unity. One important consequence of this scenario is the possibility that the last scattering center encountered by a cosmic ray be mistaken with the source of this cosmic ray. In particular, we suggest that part of the correlation recently reported by the Pierre Auger Observatory may be affected by such delusion: this experiment may be observing in part the last scattering surface of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays rather than their source population. Since the optical depth falls rapidly with increasing energy, one should probe the arrival directions of the highest energy events beyond 10^{20}eV on an event by event basis to circumvent this effect.

Kumiko Kotera; Martin Lemoine

2008-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Europium resonance parameters from neutron capture and transmission measurements in the energy range 0.01200 eV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Europium resonance parameters from neutron capture and transmission measurements in the energy University. The current measure- ment has better energy resolution and updated analysis methods. Other-yield tail at the high end of the fission fragment mass distribution. Measure- ments have been made

Danon, Yaron

242

Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) program, January 1-December 31, 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work reported is on the development of a 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit for use by the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to stabilize power oscillations on their Pacific AC Intertie. The 30 MJ superconducting coil manufacture was completed. Design of the seismic mounting of the coil to the nonconducting dewar lid and a concrete foundation is complete. The superconducting application VAR (SAVAR) control study indicated a low economic advantage and the SAVAR program was terminated. An economic and technological evaluation of superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) was completed and the results are reported.

Rogers, J.D. (comp.)

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

A study of the status and future of superconducting magnetic energy storage in power  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) systems offering flexible, reliable, and fast acting power compensation are applicable to power systems to improve power system stabilities and to advance power qualities. The authors have summarized researches on SMES applications to power systems. Furthermore, various SMES applications to power systems have been described briefly and some crucial schematic diagrams and equations are given. In addition, this study presents valuable suggestions for future studies of SMES applications to power systems. Hence, this paper is helpful for co-researchers who want to know about the status of SMES applications to power systems.

X D Xue; K W E Cheng; D Sutanto

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Critical coupling and coherent perfect absorption for ranges of energies due to a complex gain and loss symmetric system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider a non-Hermitian medium with a gain and loss symmetric, exponentially damped potential distribution to demonstrate different scattering features analytically. The condition for critical coupling (CC) for unidirectional wave and coherent perfect absorption (CPA) for bidirectional waves are obtained analytically for this system. The energy points at which total absorption occurs are shown to be the spectral singular points for the time reversed system. The possible energies at which CC occurs for left and right incidence are different. We further obtain periodic intervals with increasing periodicity of energy for CC and CPA to occur in this system.

Mohammad Hasan; Ananya Ghatak; Bhabani Prasad Mandal

2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

245

Delayed Light Studies on Photosynthetic Energy Conversion VI. Effects of Phosphorylation Inhibitors on Delayed Light in the Millisecond Time Range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The delayed light which ARNOLD and STREHLER found in 1951 ... being recognized as a reliable measure of photosynthetic energy storage between loss of excitation from the ... NORRIS 1963) and production of chemica...

R. Wells; W. Bertsch; W. Cohen

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Cascaded multilevel converter based superconducting magnetic energy storage system for frequency control  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Super conducting magnetic energy storage (SMES), owing to high energy density and capacity, has been widely applied in different stages of power systems. One of these applications is the frequency control of the electric power systems. Frequency of a power system depends on the balance of produced and demanded energy in any instant of time. Subsequent to a sudden change in the system, which causes produced and demanded energy mismatch, frequency oscillates. According to standards, the permissible variation band of the frequency is very restricted. Larger swings of frequency may result in instability and undesirable trips. As a result, suitable frequency control mechanisms should be implemented in the system. SMES is well-suited for this application because of high energy density and fast response. SMES is attached to system by a power conditioning system (PCS) which include power electronic converters, mainly a dcdc chopper and an inverter. This paper, studies the application of a cascaded H-bridge (CHB) multilevel converter for frequency control. As far as the authors' knowledge, such a study has not been done before. The design procedure of the converter is presented. Simulation results on a sample system are presented to verify the performance of the proposed PCS.

Mohammad Farhadi Kangarlu; Mohammad Reza Alizadeh Pahlavani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Measurement of the x-ray mass attenuation coefficients of gold in the 38?50-keV energy range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We used synchrotron x rays to measure the x-ray mass attenuation coefficients of gold at nine energies from 38 to 50 keV with accuracies of 0.1%. Our results are much more accurate than previous measurements in this energy range. A comparison of our measurements with calculated mass attenuation coefficients shows that our measurements fall almost exactly midway between the XCOM and FFAST calculated theoretical values, which differ from one another in this energy region by about 4%, even though the range includes no absorption edge. The consistency and accuracy of these measurements open the way to investigations of the x-ray attenuation in the region of the L absorption edge of gold.

Islam, M.T.; Rae, N.A.; Glover, J.L.; Barnea, Z.; de Jonge, M.D.; Tran, C.Q.; Wang, J.; Chantler, C.T. (Melbourne)

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

248

Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135-250 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from $80^\\circ$ to $130^\\circ$. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic scattering were also measured with the same experimental setup for normalization purposes. Our $nd$ cross section results are compared with predictions based on Faddeev calculations including three-nucleon forces, and with cross sections measured with charged particle and neutron beams at comparable energies.

E. Ertan; T. Akdogan; M. B. Chtangeev; W. A. Franklin; P. A. M. Gram; M. A. Kovash; J. L. Matthews; M. Yuly

2012-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

249

Iron-57 nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shifts of hindered iron porphyrins. Ruffling as a possible mechanism for d-orbital energy level inversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Iron-57 nuclear magnetic resonance chemical shifts of hindered iron porphyrins. ... Ruffling as a possible mechanism for d-orbital energy level inversion ...

Lars Baltzer; Marie Landergren

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Cross sections for neutron-deuteron elastic scattering in the energy range 135250 MeV  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report new measurements of the neutron-deuteron elastic scattering cross section at energies from 135 to 250 MeV and center-of-mass angles from 80[degrees] to 130[degrees]. Cross sections for neutron-proton elastic ...

Ertan, E.

251

Mean ranges and energy-loss of 86Kr in aluminium, and 238U in hostaphan polymer, by a nuclear track technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CR-39 track detectors have been used to measure mean ranges and energy-loss of 17.7 MeV amu-186Kr in aluminium, and 16.34 MeV amu-1238U in Hostaphan. The nuclear track technique employed in this work has been described in brief. The accuracy of measurement has been evaluated and is presented in this paper. Experimental range data are compared with theoretical values obtained from four different sources. The significance and scope of the work is discussed.

Atul Saxena; K.K. Dwivedi

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Energy transfer from rare gases to surfaces: Collisions with gold and platinum in the range 14000 eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have measured the energy transferred to a gold surface by impinging He+, Ar+, and Xe+ ions with kinetic energies in the range 54000 eV. This same quantity has been determined for He, Ar, and Xe atoms colliding with a Pt(111) surface. The ion studies employed a novel highly sensitive pyroelectric calorimeter together with a carefully designed compact ion gun. Pulses of nearly monoenergetic ions from the gun were directed at a gold film evaporated directly onto a pyroelectric material that develops a voltage proportional to the energy deposited. The atomic studies were made with supersonic beam techniques, whereby energy transfer is inferred from time-of-flight distributions of the incident and scattered species. The results from these very different experiments are in good agreement and give a fairly complete picture of energy transfer from incident rare-gas atoms and ions to these heavy-metal surfaces. For energies above about 10 eV, the ions transfer at least 60% of their energy, with Xe transferring the most and He the least. For lower incident energies, the energy transfer decreases, approaching zero-energy intercepts of ?60%, 20%, and 5% for Xe, Ar, and He, respectively. The implications of these experimental results for the effective-mass concept, the binary-collision model, low-energy stopping powers, lattice penetration, and the theory of physical sputtering are considered, and we address the relevance of these findings to the technologically important processes of plasma etching and deposition of sputtered thin films and to particle-spacecraft interactions and controlled thermonuclear fusion.

Harold F. Winters; H. Coufal; C. T. Rettner; D. S. Bethune

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Reduction in the intensity of solar X-ray emission in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range and heating of the solar corona  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The time profiles of the energy spectra of low-intensity flares and the structure of the thermal background of the soft X-ray component of solar corona emission over the period of January-February, 2003, are investigated using the data of the RHESSI project. A reduction in the intensity of X-ray emission of the solar flares and the corona thermal background in the 2- to 15-keV photon energy range is revealed. The RHESSI data are compared with the data from the Interball-Geotail project. A new mechanism of solar corona heating is proposed on the basis of the results obtained.

Mirzoeva, I. K., E-mail: colombo2006@mail.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Space Research Institute (Russian Federation)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Lateral distribution of Cherenkov light in extensive air showers at high mountain altitude produced by different primary particles in wide energy range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The general aim of this work is to obtain the lateral distribution of atmospheric Cherenkov light in extensive air showers produced by different primary particles precisely by. protons, Helium, Iron, Oxygen, Carbon, Nitrogen, Calcium, Silicon and gamma quanta in wide energy range at high mountain observation level of Chacaltaya cosmic ray station. The simulations are divided generally in two energy ranges 10GeV-10 TeV and 10 TeV-10 PeV. One large detector has been used for simulations, the aim being to reduce the statistical fluctuations of the obtained characteristics. The shape of the obtained lateral distributions of Cherenkov light in extensive air showers is discussed and the scientific potential for solution of different problems as well.

A. Mishev; J. Stamenov

2005-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

255

IMPACT OF MAGNETIC ENVIRONMENT ON THE GENERATION OF HIGH-ENERGY NEUTRONS AT THE SUN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

the observed large tilt of magnetic field lines at footpoints of flare magnetic loops. Results of the new calculations are compared with both previous calculations and observations. The tilt of magnetic field lines of strongly tilted magnetic fields at the flare site. We start with analysis of Big Bear Solar Observatory

Usoskin, Ilya G.

256

Study of the process e+e???? in the center-of-mass energy range 1.072.00GeV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The e+e???? cross section has been measured in the center-of-mass energy range 1.072.00GeV using the decay mode ??3?0, ?0???. The analysis is based on 36??pb?1 of integrated luminosity collected with the SND detector at the VEPP-2000 e+e? collider. The measured cross section of about 40pb at 1.5GeV is explained by decays of the ?(1450) and ?(1680) resonances.

M.?N. Achasov et al.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Magnetized Sources of Ultra-high Energy Nuclei and Extragalactic Origin of the Ankle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It has recently been suggested that ultra-high energy cosmic rays could have an extragalactic origin down to the "second knee" at ~4x10^{17}eV. In this case the "ankle" or "dip" at ~5x10^{18}eV would be due to pair production of extragalactic protons on the cosmic microwave background which requires an injection spectrum of about E^{-2.6}. It has been pointed out that for injection of a mixed composition of nuclei a harder injection spectrum \\~E^{-2.2} is required to fit the spectra at the highest energies and a galactic component is required in this case to fit the spectrum below the ankle, unless the proton fraction is larger than 85%. Here we perform numerical simulations and find that for sufficiently magnetized sources, observed spectra above 10^{19}eV approach again the case of pure proton injection due to increased path-lengths and more efficient photo-disintegration of nuclei around the sources. This decreases secondary fluxes at a given energy and thus requires injection spectra ~E^{-2.6}, as steep as for pure proton injection. In addition, the ankle may again be sufficiently dominated by protons to be interpreted as a pair production dip.

Guenter Sigl; Eric Armengaud

2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

258

Carbon sequestration by Miscanthus energy crops plantations in a broad range semi-arid marginal land in China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Carbon sequestration is an essential ecosystem service that second-generation energy crops can provide. To evaluate the ability of carbon sequestration of Miscanthus energy crops in the Loess Plateau of China, the yield and soil organic carbon (SOC) changes were measured for three Miscanthus species in the experimental field in Qingyang of the Gansu Province (QG). With the highest yield of the three species, Miscanthus lutarioriparius contributed to the largest increase of SOC, 0.57tha?1yr?1, comparing to the field left unplanted. Through modeling M. lutarioriparius yield across the Loess Plateau, an average increase of SOC was estimated at 0.46tha?1yr?1 for the entire region. Based on the measurements of SOC mineralization under various temperatures and moistures for soil samples taken from QG, a model was developed for estimating SOC mineralization rates across the Loess Plateau and resulted in an average of 1.11tha?1yr?1. Combining the estimates from these models, the average of net carbon sequestration was calculated at a rate of 9.13tha?1yr?1 in the Loess Plateau. These results suggested that the domestication and production of M. lutarioriparius hold a great potential for carbon sequestration and soil restoration in this heavily eroded region.

Jia Mi; Wei Liu; Wenhui Yang; Juan Yan; Jianqiang Li; Tao Sang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Proliferation risks of magnetic fusion energy: clandestine production, covert production and breakout  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear proliferation risks from magnetic fusion energy associated with access to weapon-usable materials can be divided into three main categories: (1) clandestine production of weapon-usable material in an undeclared facility, (2) covert production of such material in a declared facility and (3) use of a declared facility in a breakout scenario, in which a state begins production of fissile material without concealing the effort. In this paper, we address each of these categories of risks from fusion. For each case, we find that the proliferation risk from fusion systems can be much lower than the equivalent risk from fission systems, if the fusion system is designed to accommodate appropriate safeguards.

A. Glaser; R.J. Goldston

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) Program. Progress report, January 1-December 31, 1983  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit, devised to damp unstable power oscillations in the Western US Power System, was placed into operation in the Bonneville power Administration (BPA) Tacoma Substation. Cooldown of the 30 MJ superconducting coil was completed, and helium was liquefied for the coil environment in the containing nonconducting fiberglass reinforced plastic dewar. The converter was connected to the coil and the first operation of the SMES system occurred in March 1983. BPA developed a demand signal algorithm for computer control of the power subsystem. The SMES unit was operated for system response and has now operated successfully for extended periods. BPA has installed a number of faults signal alarms that are transmitted by microwave link to their main dispatch-control center at Dittmer to monitor the SMES system when in unmanned operation.

Rogers, J.D. (comp.)

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

30-MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage for electric-transmission stabilization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bonneville Power Administration operates the electric power transmission system that connects the Pacific Northwest and southern California. The HVAC interties develop 0.35 Hz oscillations when the lines are heavily loaded. A 30 MJ (8.4 kWh) Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) unit with a 10 MW converter can provide system damping for the oscillation. The unit is scheduled for installation in 1982 and operation in 1982-83. Status of the project is described. The conductor has been fully tested electrically and mechanically and the 5 kA superconducting cable has been produced. The 30 MJ superconducting coil is essentially complete. All major components of the electrical and cryogenic systems except the nonconducting dewar have been completed. The refrigerator and converter are undergoing tests. The system is to be located at the BPA Tacoma Substation and operated by microwave link from Portland, OR.

Turner, R.D.; Rogers, J.D.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Large Superconducting Magnet Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The increase of energy in accelerators over the past decades has led to the design of superconducting magnets for both accelerators and the associated detectors. The use of Nb?Ti superconducting materials allows an increase in the dipole field by up to 10 T compared with the maximum field of 2 T in a conventional magnet. The field bending of the particles in the detectors and generated by the magnets can also be increased. New materials, such as Nb3Sn and high temperature superconductor (HTS) conductors, can open the way to higher fields, in the range 1320 T. The latest generations of fusion machines producing hot plasma also use large superconducting magnet systems.

Vdrine, P

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Free Energy of Electrons in Metals with Magnetic and Electric Polarizations. II: Dielectric Constant and Spin Susceptibilities in the Ferromagnetic State  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Theoretical Physics February 1970 research-article Articles Free Energy of Electrons in Metals with Magnetic and Electric Polarizations...calculation and the Hartree-Fock approximation, the free energy of electrons in metals is expanded as a power series......

Ichiro Takahashi; Masao Shimizu

1970-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Learning to Apply Metrology Principles to the Measurement of X-ray Intensities in the 500 eV to 110 keV Energy Range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

National Security Technologies, LLC (NSTec), Livermore Operations, has two optical radiation calibration laboratories accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratories Accreditation Program (NVLAP) which is the accrediting body of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and is now working towards accreditation for its X-ray laboratories. NSTec operates several laboratories with X-ray sources that generate X-rays in the energy range from 50 eV to 115 keV. These X-ray sources are used to characterize and calibrate diagnostics and diagnostic components used by the various national laboratories, particularly for plasma analysis on the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) National Ignition Facility (NIF). Because X-ray photon flux measurement methods that can be accredited, i.e., traceable to NIST, have not been developed for sources operating in these energy ranges, NSTec, NIST, and the National Voluntary Accreditation Program (NVLAP) together have defined a path toward the development and validation of accredited metrology methods for X-ray energies. The methodology developed for the high energy X-ray (HEX) Laboratory was NSTecs starting point for X-ray metrology accreditation and will be the basis for the accredited processes in the other X-ray laboratories. This paper will serve as a teaching tool, by way of this example using the NSTec X-ray sources, for the process and methods used in developing an accredited traceable metrology.

Haugh, M. J.; Pond, T.; Silbernagel, C.; Torres, P.; Marlett, K.; Goldin, F.; Cyr, S.

2011-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

265

New measurements and quantitative analysis of electron backscattering in the energy range of neutron {beta}-decay  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report on the first detailed measurements of electron backscattering from plastic scintillator targets, extending our previous work on beryllium and silicon targets. The scintillator experiment posed several additional experimental challenges associated with charging of the scintillator target, and those challenges are addressed in detail. In addition, we quantitatively compare the energy and angular distributions of this data, and our previous data, with electron transport simulations based on the GEANT4 and PENELOPE Monte Carlo simulation codes. The PENELOPE simulation is found globally to give a superior description of the data. Such information is crucial for a broad array of weak-interaction physics experiments, where electron backscattering can give rise to the dominant detector-related systematic uncertainty.

Martin, J.W. [W.K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Physics Department, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3B 2E9 (Canada); Yuan, J.; Betancourt, M.J.; Filippone, B.W.; Ito, T.M.; Plaster, B. [W.K. Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States); Hoedl, S.A. [CENPA, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Young, A.R. [North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695 (United States)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

266

Neutrino magnetic moment in a magnetized plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The contribution of a magnetized plasma to the neutrino magnetic moment is calculated. It is shown that only part of the additional neutrino energy in magnetized plasma connecting with its spin and magnetic field strength defines the neutrino magnetic moment. It is found that the presence of magnetized plasma does not lead to the considerable increase of the neutrino magnetic moment in contrast to the results presented in literature previously.

N. V. Mikheev; E. N. Narynskaya

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

267

Iron Lines in Superstrong Magnetic Fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of observing atomic lines in the x-ray spectra of strongly magnetized accreting neutron stars is discussed. For magnetic field strengths ranging from 1011-1014 G, both the energies and oscillator strengths of Fe XXVI lines are calculated quantitatively. These lines are expected to be highest in energy, and should dominate at source temperatures kT?10-30 keV.

H. Ruder; G. Wunner; H. Herold; J. Trmper

1981-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

268

Proceedings of the third symposium on the physics and technology of compact toroids in the magnetic fusion energy program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document contains papers contributed by the participants of the Third Symposium on Physics and Technology of Compact Toroids in the Magnetic Fusion Energy Program. Subjects include reactor aspects of compact toroids, energetic particle rings, spheromak configurations (a mixture of toroidal and poloidal fields), and field-reversed configurations (FRC's that contain purely poloidal field).

Siemon, R.E. (comp.)

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Charge-Exchange Collisions Between Hydrogen Ions and Cesium Vapor in the Energy Range 0.5-20 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Charge-exchange collisions have been studied when H+ ions and ground state H0 atoms are incident on Cs vapor. Measurements of the positive, neutral, and negative beam components after passage through the target were made as a function of the Cs target thickness at several energies between 0.5 and 20 keV. All three beam components were found to approach charge equilibrium monotonically. The maximum H- equilibrium yield is (21 4)%, which occurs at an H+ energy of 0.75 keV. The H- yield decreases with increasing energy, and is 0.4% at 20 keV. At energies below 4 keV the H+ equilibrium yield is very small compared with the yield of H0 and H-. For energies greater than 10 kev the H- equilibrium yield is very small compared with the yield of H0 and H+. The cross sections ?+0, ?+-, ?0+, and ?0- were measured. The subscripts + and - refer to the H+ and H- ions, 0 as an initial subscript refers to a ground-state H0 atom, and 0 as a final subscript refers to an H0 atom in the particular states produced. The cross section ?+0 decreases with increasing energy, and ranges from (9.4 2.0) 10-15 cm2 at 1 keV to (7.5 1.1) 10-16 cm2 at 15 keV. The cross section ?+- decreases with increasing energy in the range 2-15 keV, and has the value (2.1 0.6) 10-17 cm2 at 5 keV. The cross section ?0+ increases with increasing energy, having the value (1.2 0.2) 10-17 cm2 at 2 keV, and (1.74 0.26) 10-16 cm2 at 15 keV. The cross section ?0- decreases with increasing energy, having the value (1.5 0.3) 10-16 cm2 at 2 keV and (1.4 0.2) 10-17 cm2 at 15 keV.

A. S. Schlachter; P. J. Bjorkholm; D. H. Loyd; L. W. Anderson; W. Haeberli

1969-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

270

Angular distribution of thick-target bremsstrahlung produced by electrons with initial energies ranging from 10 to 20 keV incident on Ag  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental results are presented comparing the intensities of the bremsstrahlung produced by electrons with initial energies ranging from 10 to 20 keV incident on a thick Ag target, measured at forward angles in the range of 0 to 55. When the data are corrected for attenuation due to photon absorption within the target, the results indicate that the detected radiation is distributed anisotropically only at photon energies k that are approximately equal to the initial energy of the incident electrons E0. The results of our experiments suggest that, as k/E0 ? 0, the detected radiation essentially becomes isotropic due primarily to the scattering of electrons within the target. A comparison to the theory of Kissel et al. [At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 28, 381 (1983)] suggests that the angular distribution of bremsstrahlung emitted by electrons incident on thick targets is similar to the angular distribution of bremsstrahlung emitted by electrons incident on free-atom targets only when k/E0 ? 1. The experimental data also are in approximate agreement with the angular distribution predictions of the Monte Carlo program penelope.

D. Gonzales; B. Cavness; S. Williams

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

271

Neutron Radiative Capture Cross Section of {sup 232}Th in the Energy Range from 0.06 to 2 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The neutron capture cross section of {sup 232}Th has been measured relative to {sigma}(n, {gamma}) for {sup 197}Au and {sigma}(n,f) for {sup 235}U in the energy range from 60 keV to 2 MeV. Neutrons were produced by the {sup 7}Li(p,n) and T(p,n) reactions at the 4-MV Van de Graaff Accelerator of CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan. The activation technique was used, and the cross section was measured relative to the {sup 197}Au(n,{gamma}) standard cross section up to 1 MeV. The characteristic gamma lines of the product nuclei {sup 233}Pa and {sup 198}Au were measured with a 40% high-purity germanium detector. Above this energy, the reaction {sup 235}U(n,f) was also used as a second standard, and the fission fragments were detected with a photovoltaic cell. The results, after applying the appropriate corrections, indicate that the cross sections are close to the JENDL-3 database values up to 800 keV and over 1.4 MeV. For energies in the intermediate range, our values are slightly lower than those from all the libraries.

Karamanis, D. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Petit, M. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Andriamonje, S. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Barreau, G. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Bercion, M. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Billebaud, A. [ISN Grenoble (France); Blank, B. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Czajkowski, S. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Moral, R. del [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Giovinazzo, J. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Lacoste, V. [CERN (Switzerland); Marchand, C. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Perrot, L. [ISN Grenoble (France); Pravikoff, M. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France); Thomas, J.C. [CEN Bordeaux-Gradignan (France)

2001-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

272

Europium resonance parameters from neutron capture and transmission measurements in the energy range 0.01200eV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Europium is a good absorber of neutrons suitable for use as a nuclear reactor control material. It is also a fission product in the low-yield tail at the high end of the fission fragment mass distribution. Measurements have been made of the stable isotopes with natural and enriched samples. The linear electron accelerator center (LINAC) at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) was used to explore neutron interactions with europium in the energy region from 0.01 to 200eV. Neutron capture and transmission measurements were performed by the time-of-flight technique. Two transmission measurements were performed at flight paths of 15 and 25m with 6Li glass scintillation detectors. The neutron capture measurements were performed at a flight path of 25m with a 16-segment sodium iodide multiplicity detector. Resonance parameters were extracted from the data using the multilevel R-matrix Bayesian code SAMMY. A table of resonance parameters and their uncertainties is presented. To prevent air oxidation metal samples were sealed in airtight aluminum cans in an inert environment. Metal samples of natural europium, 47.8atom% 151Eu, 52.2atom% 153Eu, as well as metal samples enriched to 98.77atom% 153Eu were measured. The measured neutron capture resonance integral for 153Eu is (9.90.4)% larger than ENDF/B-VII.1. The capture resonance integral for 151Eu is (71)% larger than ENDF/B-VII.1. Another significant finding from these measurements was a significant increase in thermal total cross section for 151Eu, up (93)% from ENDF/B-VII.1. The thermal total cross section for 153Eu is down (83)% from ENDF/B-VII.1, but it is larger than that of ENDF/B-VII.0. The resolved resonance region has been extended from 100eV to 200eV for both naturally-occurring isotopes. Uncertainties in resonance parameters have been propagated from a number of experimental quantities using a Bayesian analysis. Uncertainties have also been estimated from fitting each Eu sample measurement individually.

G. Leinweber; D.P. Barry; J.A. Burke; M.J. Rapp; R.C. Block; Y. Danon; J.A. Geuther; F.J. Saglime III

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

BP8.00119 Solar Coronal Heating and Magnetic Energy Build-Up in a Tectonics Model1 , M. GILSON, C.S. NG, A. BHATTACHARJEE, Center for Integrated Computation and Analysis of Reconnection and Turbulence and Center for Magnetic Self-  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

BP8.00119 Solar Coronal Heating and Magnetic Energy Build-Up in a Tectonics Model1 , M. GILSON, C have shown that the solar surface is covered with a so-called "magnetic carpet," in which small, if the magnetic footpoints are subject to random photospheric motion. We have also found that magnetic energy can

Ng, Chung-Sang

274

Abstract 380: Magnetic nanoplatforms for tumor targeting, imaging and energy delivery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...cancer cell lines. An inversion...high power field; P 0.0001...the sodium magnetic resonance...human cell lines (DU145...tumors at the magnetic field strength...are: MRI, magnetic resonance...high power field. Fig. 1...time. The lines are the theoretical...

Srinivas Sridhar; Robert Campbell; Dattatri Nagesha; and Evin Gultepe

2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

275

Magnetic Processing A Pervasive Energy Efficient Technology for Next Generation Materials for Aerospace and Specialty Steel Markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermomagnetic Magnetic Processing is an exceptionally fertile, pervasive and cross-cutting technology that is just now being recognized by several major industry leaders for its significant potential to increase energy efficiency and materials performance for a myriad of energy intensive industries in a variety of areas and applications. ORNL has pioneered the use and development of large magnetic fields in thermomagnetically processing (T-MP) materials for altering materials phase equilibria and transformation kinetics. ORNL has discovered that using magnetic fields, we can produce unique materials responses. T-MP can produce unique phase stabilities & microstructures with improved materials performance for structural and functional applications not achieved with traditional processing techniques. These results suggest that there are unprecedented opportunities to produce significantly enhanced materials properties via atomistic level (nano-) microstructural control and manipulation. ORNL (in addition to others) have shown that grain boundary chemistry and precipitation kinetics are also affected by large magnetic fields. This CRADA has taken advantage of ORNLs unique, custom-designed thermo-magnetic, 9 Tesla superconducting magnet facility that enables rapid heating and cooling of metallic components within the magnet bore; as well as ORNLs expertise in high magnetic field (HMF) research. Carpenter Technologies, Corp., is a a US-based industrial company, that provides enhanced performance alloys for the Aerospace and Specialty Steel products. In this CRADA, Carpenter Technologies, Corp., is focusing on applying ORNLs Thermomagnetic Magnetic Processing (TMP) technology to improve their current and future proprietary materials product performance and open up new markets for their Aerospace and Specialty Steel products. Unprecedented mechanical property performance improvements have been demonstrated for a high strength bainitic alloy industrial/commercial alloy that is envisioned to provide the potential for new markets for this alloy. These thermomechanical processing results provide these alloys with a major breakthrough demonstrating that simultaneous improvements in yield strength and ductility are achieved: 12 %, 10%, 13%, and 22% increases in yield strength, elongation, reduction-in-area, and impact energy respectively. In addition, TMP appears to overcome detrimental chemical homogeneity impacts on uniform microstructure evolution.

Mackiewicz-Ludtka, G.; Ludtka, G.M.; Ray, P. (Carpenter Technologies, Inc.); Magee, J. (Carpenter Technologies, Inc.)

2010-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

276

High-energy neutrino conversion into electron-W pair in magnetic field and its contribution to neutrino absorption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate the conversion rate of high-energy neutrinos propagating in constant magnetic field into an electron-W pair (nu -> W + e) from the imaginary part of the neutrino self-energy. Using the exact propagators in constant magnetic field, the neutrino self-energy has been calculated to all order in the field within the Weinberg-Salam model. We obtain a compact formula in the limit of B << Bcr = m^2/e. We find that above the process threshold Eth \\~ 2.2 10^16 (Bcr / B) eV this contribution to the absorption of neutrinos yields an asymptotic absorption length ~ 1.1 (Bcr / B)^2 (10^{16} eV / E) meters.

Andrea Erdas; Marcello Lissia

2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

277

Elastic Scattering of {sup 7}Li+{sup 27}Al at Backward Angles in the 7-11 MeV Energy Range for Application in RBS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have measured elastic excitation functions for the {sup 7}Li+{sup 27}Al system, in an energy range close to its Coulomb barrier (E{sub lab} = 8.4 MeV) in steps of 0.25 MeV. For this purpose, an array of eight surface-barrier detectors was used. To get an insight on the background composition (mainly {alpha} particles), a telescope-detector was used for atomic-number identification. Identical measurements for the {sup 6}Li+{sup 27}Al system are planned for the near future.

Carnelli, P. F. F.; Arazi, A.; Cardona, M. A.; Figueira, J. M.; Hojman, D.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Negri, A. E.; Pacheco, A. J. [Laboratorio TANDAR, CNEA, Av. Gral. Paz 1499, B1650KNA, San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Abriola, D. [IAEA, NAPC-NDS, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 100, Vienna (Austria); Capurro, O. A.; Fimiani, L.; Grinberg, P.; Marti, G. V. [Laboratorio TANDAR, CNEA, Av. Gral. Paz 1499, B1650KNA, San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); Fernandez Niello, J. O. [Laboratorio TANDAR, CNEA, Av. Gral. Paz 1499, B1650KNA, San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina); CONICET, Av. Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ, Buenos Aires (Argentina); UNSAM, Campus Miguelete, B1650BWA, San Martin, Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

278

Measurement of the differential neutron-deuteron scattering cross section in the energy range from 100 keV to 600 keV using a proportional counter  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The angular distribution of neutron-deuteron scattering was investigated using the proportional counter P2 simultaneously as scattering target and detector for the recoil deuterons. The measurements were carried out using monoenergetic neutrons in the energy range from 150 keV to 500 keV. Various techniques were employed to reduce distortions of the experimental pulse-height distribution by photon-induced events. The experimental data were compared with realistic simulations which were carried out using different evaluated data sets. This comparison allows to conclude on inconsistencies in the evaluations.

Nolte, R; Plompen, A; Rttger, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Facilities and techniques for x-ray diagnostic calibration in the 100-eV to 100-keV energy range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has been a pioneer in the field of x-ray diagnostic calibration for more than 20 years. We have built steady state x-ray sources capable of supplying fluorescent lines of high spectral purity in the 100-eV to 100-keV energy range, and these sources have been used in the calibration of x-ray detectors, mirrors, crystals, filters, and film. This paper discusses our calibration philosophy and techniques, and describes some of our x-ray sources. Examples of actual calibration data are presented as well.

Gaines, J.L.; Wittmayer, F.J.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Magnetism in fcc rhodium and palladium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

First-principles total-energy band calculations using the fixed-spin-moment procedure are used to study the volume dependence of the magnetic behavior for fcc Rh and Pd. We calculate the total energy, the magnetic moment, and the spin-polarized l-decomposed electron occupancy from below the equilibrium volume to the free-atom limit, and show the magnetic susceptibility in the nonmagnetic range. We find that both metals are nonmagnetic at zero pressure, but undergo first-order transitions from nonmagnetic to magnetic behavior at expanded volumes. In both cases, the onset of magnetic behavior is accompanied by magnetic moments that exceed the Hunds-rule atomic limit. With increasing volume, we find a depletion of s and p states and a corresponding increase of d states with an approach to the 4d9 and 4d10 free-atom configurations for Rh and Pd, respectively.

V. L. Moruzzi and P. M. Marcus

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Differential elastic electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine in the energy range between 20 eV and 1 keV  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Differential elastic electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine were absolutely measured for electron energies from 20 eV to 1 keV in the angular range between 5 and 135. The present results agree with the data of other groups within the experimental uncertainties at scattering angles below 75 while considerable differences among the data were found at higher scattering angles. The experimental values were compared to theoretical values calculated using the modified independent-atom model. The theoretical values reproduce the angular dependence of the experimental differential elastic scattering cross sections qualitatively well for electron energies above 60 eV. The sum of the integral elastic scattering cross sections, obtained by the integration of the differential elastic scattering cross sections, and ionization cross sections predicted by the binary-encounter-Bethe model agree with the previously measured total electron-scattering cross sections of pyrimidine to within 8%.

W. Y. Baek; M. U. Bug; H. Rabus

2014-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

282

The ground state energy of the anisotropic XY chain in transverse magnetic field: explicite expression and smoothness properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An explicite expression for ground state energy of the anisotropic XY chain in transverse magnetic field has been derived. The ground state energy has been expressed in terms of elliptic integrals of the first, second and third kind. The smoothness properties of resulting expression have been examined. We have confirmed known 2d-Ising type behaviour on certain lines of phase diagram and calculated few first subleading exponents; they can be computed up to arbitrary order from our expressions. We have also explicitely demonstrated that the ground-state energy is infinitely differentiable on the boundary between ferromagnetic and oscillatory phases.

Tomasz Maci??ek; Jacek Wojtkiewicz

2014-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

283

Coherent bremsstrahlung, coherent pair production, birefringence, and polarimetry in the 20170GeV energy range using aligned crystals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The processes of coherent bremsstrahlung (CB) and coherent pair production (CPP) based on aligned crystal targets have been studied in the energy range 20170GeV. The experimental arrangement allowed for measurements of single photon properties of these phenomena including their polarization dependences. This is significant as the theoretical description of CB and CPP is an area of active debate and development. With the approach used in this paper, both the measured cross sections and polarization observables are predicted very well. This indicates a proper understanding of CB and CPP up to energies of 170GeV. Birefringence in CPP on aligned crystals is applied to determine the polarization parameters in our measurements. New technologies for high-energy photon beam optics including phase plates and polarimeters for linear and circular polarization are demonstrated in this experiment. Coherent bremsstrahlung for the strings-on-strings (SOS) orientation yields a larger enhancement for hard photons than CB for the channeling orientations of the crystal. Our measurements and our calculations indicate low photon polarizations for the high-energy SOS photons.

A. Apyan et al. (NA59 Collaboration)

2008-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

284

National High Magnetic Field Laboratory: Team Tesla - How we...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

resistive magnets (also called electromagnets or Bitter magnets), ranging in magnetic field from 20 tesla to 45 tesla, each in its own little cell. These magnets get so...

285

Superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) program. Progress report, January 1-December 31, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Work reported is on the development of a 30 MJ superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) unit, its installation at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Tacoma Substation, and the preliminary site tests in preparation for its use to stabilize power oscillations on the BPA Pacific AC Inertie. The seismic mounting of the 30 MJ superconducting coil to the dewar lid was completed. The manufacture and testing of the nonconducting dewar were completed. The 5 kV vapor cooled leads were assembled and tested. The refrigerator was placed in operation at the Tacoma Substation and tested by making liquid helium in a 500 l dewar. The refrigerator was connected to the coil dewar and is now used for cooling the 30 MJ coil and dewar with extended purification of the circulating helium to remove contaminants. All equipment was shipped and installed at the BPA Tacoma Substation. Assembly of the 30 MJ coil into the nonconducting dewar was done at the BPA Covington facility and transported to the Tacoma Substation. Substation preparation was completed by 11-1-82. BPA, at considerable expense, did an excellent job preparing the site and assisting with the SMES unit installation. All equipment is in place and operable except for components of the computer control and for full refrigeration of the 30 MJ coil. The converter was tested with the output shorted with the input transformers connected to the 13.8 kV. A new schedule for the SMES operation was established.

Rogers, J.D. (comp.)

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

30-MJ superconducting magnetic-energy-storage stabilizing system: an overview  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 30-MJ superconducting magnetic-energy-storage (SMES) system was devised as an alternate means to modulate the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Pacific AC Intertie, a part of the Western US Power System, to prevent undamped power oscillations at 0.35 Hz that were observed to be associated with high power transmission. The SMES system was installed at the BPA Tacoma Substation and successfully operated as an experimental device to initiate tests to determine power system dynamics, to investigate their variability, to assess system response to SMES modulation with a major variable load, and to use SMES to develop stability-control techniques. The system has been operated at frequencies of 0.1 to 1.0 Hz at power levels of +- 8.3 MW with a parallel modulation of the converter bridges and up to 9.5 MW reactive power together with +- 4.5 MW real power in constant VAR mode with buck-boost modulation of the bridges. The coil has been charged at a maximum rate of 11.8 MW. Operation of the SMES system is now under BPA jurisdiction, and all hardware has been transferred to BPA.

Roger, J.D.; Boenig, H.J.; Dean, J.W.; Schermer, R.I.; Annestrand, S.A.; Hauer, J.F.; Miller, B.L.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

RANGE DESIGN CRITERIA  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

RANGE DESIGN CRITERIA RANGE DESIGN CRITERIA U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Health, Safety and Security AVAILABLE ONLINE AT: INITIATED BY: http://www.hss.energy.gov Office of Health, Safety and Security Notices This document is intended for the exclusive use of elements of the Department of Energy (DOE), to include the National Nuclear Security Administration, their contractors, and other government agencies/individuals authorized to use DOE facilities. DOE disclaims any and all liability for personal injury or property damage due to use of this document in any context by any organization, group, or individual, other than during official government activities. Local DOE management is responsible for the proper execution of firearms-related programs for

288

Electromagnetic modeling of the energy distribution of a metallic cylindrical parabolic reflector covered with a magnetized plasma layer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy distribution along the focal axis of a long metallic cylindrical parabolic reflector with a plasma layer on its surface in the presence of an external magnetic field is investigated. The effects of some physical parameters, such as the plasma frequency, the wave frequency and the thickness of plasma layer on the energy distribution and the reflected and transmitted electromagnetic fields, are simulated. These investigations for both S- and P-polarizations have been done separately. It is found that the maximum value of the reflected intensity increases by increasing the incident wave frequency and by decreasing the plasma layer thickness and the plasma frequency for both polarizations. Furthermore, the results show that the increase of the magnetic field strength can cause an increase in the reflected intensity for S-polarization and a slight decrease for P-polarization.

Niknam, A. R., E-mail: a-niknam@sbu.ac.ir; Khajehmirzaei, M. R. [Laser and Plasma Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, GC, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Davoudi-Rahaghi, B.; Rahmani, Z.; Jazi, B.; Abdoli-Arani, A. [Department of Laser and Photonics, Faculty of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

289

Zero-Energy State in Graphene in a High Magnetic Field Joseph G. Checkelsky, Lu Li, and N. P. Ong  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Zero-Energy State in Graphene in a High Magnetic Field Joseph G. Checkelsky, Lu Li, and N. P. Ong-carrying excitations. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.206801 PACS numbers: 73.63.ÿb, 73.21.ÿb, 73.43.ÿf The discovery. The inset shows sample K22 in false color (dark red) with Au leads deposited (yellow regions). The bar

Ong, N. P.

290

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1981-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

291

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed. 5 figs.

Abraham, B.M.; Miyano, K.; Ketterson, J.B.

1983-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

292

Horizontal film balance having wide range and high sensitivity  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A thin-film, horizontal balance instrument is provided for measuring surface tension (surface energy) of thin films suspended on a liquid substrate. The balance includes a support bearing and an optical feedback arrangement for wide-range, high sensitivity measurements. The force on the instrument is balanced by an electromagnet, the current through the magnet providing a measure of the force applied to the instrument. A novel float construction is also disclosed.

Abraham, Bernard M. (Oak Park, IL); Miyano, Kenjiro (Downers Grove, IL); Ketterson, John B. (Evanston, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

ENERGY PARTITION BETWEEN ENERGETIC ELECTRONS AND TURBULENT MAGNETIC FIELD IN SUPERNOVA REMNANT RX J1713.7-3946  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current observations of supernova remnant (SNR) RX J1713.7-3946 favor the leptonic scenario for the TeV emission, where the radio to X-ray emission is produced via the synchrotron process and the {gamma}-ray emission is produced via the inverse Comptonization of soft background photons, and the electron distribution can be inferred from the observed {gamma}-ray spectrum with a spectral inversion method. It is shown that the observed correlation between the X-ray and {gamma}-ray brightness of SNR RX J1713.7-3946 can be readily explained with the assumption that the energy density of energetic electrons is proportional to that of the magnetic field in such a scenario. A two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulation is then carried out to model the overall emission spectrum. It is found that the total energy of electrons above {approx}1 GeV is equal to that of the magnetic field. This is the first piece of observational evidence for energy equipartition between energetic electrons and magnetic field in the downstream of strong collisionless astrophysical shocks of SNRs.

Yang Chuyuan; Liu Siming, E-mail: liusm@pmo.ac.cn, E-mail: chyy@ynao.ac.cn [Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008 (China)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

294

Observation of high-energy electrons accelerated by electrostatic waves propagating obliquely to a magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is revealed in microwave-plasma interaction experiments that a large-amplitude electrostatic wave propagating obliquely to a magnetic field accelerates electrons strongly almost along the magnetic field lines via the process of VpB acceleration. The experimental results are in reasonable agreement with the theoretical prediction of Sugihara et al.

Yasushi Nishida and Naoyuki Sato

1987-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

295

Calibration of X-ray detectors in the 8 to 115 keV energy range and their application to diagnostics on the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The calibration of X-ray diagnostics is of paramount importance to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). National Security Technologies LLC (NSTec) fills this need by providing a wide variety of calibration and diagnostic development services in support of the ongoing research efforts at NIF. The X-ray source in the High Energy X-ray lab utilizes induced fluorescence in a variety of metal foils to produce a beam of characteristic X rays ranging from 8 to 111 keV. Presented are the methods used for calibrating a High Purity Germanium detector, which has been absolutely calibrated using radioactive check sources, compared against a silicon photodiode calibrated at Physikalisch Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). Also included is a limited presentation of results from the recent calibration of the upgraded Filter Fluorescer X ray Spectrometer.

J. J. Lee, M. J. Haugh, G. LaCaille, and P. Torres

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Pacific Southwest Forest & Range  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Rotation of the cups and vanes is detected by means of permanent mag- nets and magnetic reed switches. The magnets are imbedded in an aluminum rotor attached to the anemometer shaft (fig. 2). Four magnets are used , ( C) cup, (D) wea the r shi eld, (E) stainless steel ball bearings, (F) magnet holder with magnets

Standiford, Richard B.

297

A model for magnetic energy storage and Taylors relaxation in the solar corona. I: Helicity?constrained minimum energy state in a half?cylinder  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of the existence of a minimum energy state is studied in the set H of all the magnetic fieldsB: (i) occupying the half?cylinder D={rsolar corona in which the field of a coronal structure is supposed to release sporadically by Taylors relaxation a part of the energy it continuously extracts from the kinetic energy of the photospheric motions. It is argued that as a consequence of the results above one of the basic assumptions of the model breaks down when the field becomes highly sheared. It is speculated that in such a situation a completely new regime should set up in which helicity and energy are continuously ejected at large distances by the system.

J. J. Aly

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Energy of mixing and magnetic state of components of Fe-Mn alloys: A first-principles calculation for the ground state  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Methods of first-principles computer simulation have been used to calculate the magnetic moments at the component atoms and the energies of mixing in substitutional fcc and bcc solid solutions ... iron. It has be...

A. A. Mirzoev; M. M. Yalalov; D. A. Mirzaev

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Neutron range spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are colliminated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. 1 fig.

Manglos, S.H.

1988-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

300

Thermodynamic Functions of Magnetized Coulomb Crystals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Free energy, internal energy, and specific heat for each of the three phonon spectrum branches of a magnetized Coulomb crystal with body-centered cubic lattice are calculated by numerical integration over the Brillouin zone in the range of magnetic fields $B$ and temperatures $T$, such that $0 \\le \\omega_{\\rm B}/\\omega_{\\rm p}\\le 10^3$ and $10^{-4} \\le T/T_{\\rm p} \\le 10^4$. In this case, $\\omega_{\\rm B}$ is the ion cyclotron frequency, $\\omega_{\\rm p}$ and $T_{\\rm p}$ are the ion plasma frequency and plasma temperature, respectively. The results of numerical calculations are approximated by simple analytical formulas. For illustration, these formulas are used to analyze the behavior of the heat capacity in the crust of a neutron star with strong magnetic field. Thermodynamic functions of magnetized neutron star crust are needed for modeling various observational phenomena in magnetars and high magnetic field pulsars.

Baiko, D A

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Magnetism in Iron at High Temperatures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetism in iron at high temperature is investigated by calculating the total electronic band-structure energy for four types of spin arrangements. A slow smooth spatial variation of spin direction costs relatively little energy and the atomic moment m is reduced only ? 10%. More rapid variations have considerably higher energy, which may explain the high degree of short-range order and small ?m observed at T?TC. Other aspects are also discussed.

M. V. You; V. Heine; A. J. Holden; P. J. Lin-Chung

1980-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

302

Soft robot actuators using energy-efficient valves controlled by electropermanent magnets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents the design, fabrication, and evaluation of a novel type of valve that uses an electropermanent magnet [1]. This valve is then used to build actuators for a soft robot. The developed EPM valves require ...

Marchese, Andrew Dominic

303

Low-energy magnetic excitations from the Fe1+y?z(Ni/Cu)zTe1?xSex system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report neutron scattering measurements on low-energy (???5 meV) magnetic excitations from a series of Fe1+y?z(Ni/Cu)zTe1?xSex samples which belong to the 11 Fe-chalcogenide family. Our results suggest a strong correlation between the magnetic excitations near (0.5,0.5,0) and the superconducting properties of the system. The low-energy magnetic excitations are found to gradually move away from (0.5,0.5,0) to incommensurate positions when superconductivity is suppressed, either by heating or chemical doping, confirming previous observations.

Zhijun Xu; Jinsheng Wen; J. Schneeloch; A. D. Christianson; R. J. Birgeneau; Genda Gu; J. M. Tranquada; Guangyong Xu

2014-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

304

Superconducting Magnets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Mit Hilfe der Technologie supraleitender Magnete lassen sich in Ringbeschleunigern höhere Energien erreichen. Weil supraleitende Spulen keinen elektrischen Widerstand aufweisen, können damit stärkere Magnetfelder erzeugt werden. In normal leitenden Elektromagneten wird - wegen des elektrischen Widerstands der Drähte - die Spule aufgeheizt. Auf diese Weise geht sehr viel Energie in Form von Wärme verloren, was die Energiekosten dieser Magnete in die Höhe treibt. Supraleitende Spulen erlauben es, Magnete grosser Feldstärke unter günstigen Bedingungen zu betreiben und damit die Energiekosten zu senken. Durch den Einbau supraleitender Spulen in den Ringbeschleuniger von Fermilab konnte dessen Energie verdoppelt werden.Auch der im Bau befindliche "Large Hadron Collider" am CERN wird supraleitende Magnete

305

Novel control of a permanent magnet linear generator for ocean wave energy applications.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Wave energy conversion devices are a rapidly growing interest worldwide for the potential to harness a sustainable and renewable energy source. Due to the oscillatory (more)

VanderMeulen, Aaron H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Novel design and implementation of a permanent magnet linear tubular generator for ocean wave energy conversion.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The worlds energy consumption is growing at an alarming rate and the need for renewable energy is apparent now more than ever. Estimates have shown (more)

Prudell, Joseph H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

An in-vacuum wiggler for SOLEIL Hard X-rays spectral range  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The production of Hard X-rays has become a tricky problem on medium energy storage rings. It requires Insertion Devices (IDs) with high magnetic field and a large number of periods. To cover the 20-50 keV photon energy range at SOLEIL (2.75 GeV), an in-vacuum wiggler (WSV50) has been preferred to a superconducting ID. The wiggler is composed of 38 periods of 50 mm producing a 2.1 T field at a minimum magnetic gap of 5.5 mm. To minimize the magnetic forces acting between magnet arrays (8.5 tons), a compensation system composed of non magnetic springs has been mounted apart from the magnet system to reduce the mechanical deformations. The wiggler has been assembled step by step by means of a genetic algorithm which minimizes the magnetic errors measured with a flipping coil. This paper presents the mechanical and magnetic design of the wiggler as well as the construction and the magnetic measurements.

Marcouille, O.; Chapuis, L.; Brunelle, P.; Berteaud, P.; Couprie, M.-E.; Filhol, J.-M.; Herbeaux, C.; Marlats, J.-L.; Massal, M.; Mary, A.; Tavakoli, K.; Valleau, M.; Veteran, J. [Synchrotron SOLEIL, L'Orme des Merisiers, Bat. A, Saint-Aubin, Gif-sur-Yvette- 9119 (France)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

308

An integrated analytical framework for quantifying the LCOE of waste-to-energy facilities for a range of greenhouse gas emissions policy and technical factors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study presents a novel integrated method for considering the economics of waste-to-energy (WTE) facilities with priced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based upon technical and economic characteristics of the WTE facility, MSW stream, landfill alternative, and GHG emissions policy. The study demonstrates use of the formulation for six different policy scenarios and explores sensitivity of the results to ranges of certain technical parameters as found in existing literature. The study shows that details of the GHG emissions regulations have large impact on the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of WTE and that GHG regulations can either increase or decrease the LCOE of WTE depending on policy choices regarding biogenic fractions from combusted waste and emissions from landfills. Important policy considerations are the fraction of the carbon emissions that are priced (i.e. all emissions versus only non-biogenic emissions), whether emissions credits are allowed due to reducing fugitive landfill gas emissions, whether biogenic carbon sequestration in landfills is credited against landfill emissions, and the effectiveness of the landfill gas recovery system where waste would otherwise have been buried. The default landfill gas recovery system effectiveness assumed by much of the industry yields GHG offsets that are very close to the direct non-biogenic GHG emissions from a WTE facility, meaning that small changes in the recovery effectiveness cause relatively larger changes in the emissions factor of the WTE facility. Finally, the economics of WTE are dependent on the MSW stream composition, with paper and wood being advantageous, metal and glass being disadvantageous, and plastics, food, and yard waste being either advantageous or disadvantageous depending upon the avoided tipping fee and the GHG emissions price.

Townsend, Aaron K., E-mail: aarontownsend@utexas.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Webber, Michael E. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C2200, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

Energy Partitions and Evolution in a Purely Thermal Solar Flare  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a solely thermal flare, which we detected in the microwave range from the thermal gyro- and free-free emission it produced. An advantage of analyzing thermal gyro emission is its unique ability to precisely yield the magnetic field in the radiating volume. When combined with observationally-deduced plasma density and temperature, these magnetic field measurements offer a straightforward way of tracking evolution of the magnetic and thermal energies in the flare. For the event described here, the magnetic energy density in the radio-emitting volume declines over the flare rise phase, then stays roughly constant during the extended peak phase, but recovers to the original level over the decay phase. At the stage where the magnetic energy density decreases, the thermal energy density increases; however, this increase is insufficient, by roughly an order of magnitude, to compensate for the magnetic energy decrease. When the magnetic energy release is over, the source parameters come back to ne...

Fleishman, Gregory D; Gary, Dale E

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2004) Exploration Activity Details Location Cove Fort Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes Update to Warpinski, et al., 2002 References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattler, R. Fortuna, D. A. Sanchez, J. Nathwani (2004) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Projects Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Ground_Magnetics_At_Cove_Fort_Area_(Warpinski,_Et_Al.,_2004)&oldid=598118" Categories: Exploration Activities DOE Funded Activities What links here Related changes Special pages

311

Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Ground Magnetics At Cove Fort Area (Warpinski, Et Al., 2002) Exploration Activity Details Location Cove Fort Geothermal Area Exploration Technique Ground Magnetics Activity Date Usefulness useful DOE-funding Unknown Notes The project at Cove Fort/Sulphurdale in Utah, T26S R6/7W, is concerned with locating and drilling a 900-meter well to explore the western extension of the Cove Fort-Sulphurdale geothermal area. The geophysical exploration consisted of resistivity, ground magnetic, and microgravity surveys that were made to site the well in an optimum location. References N. R. Warpinski, A. R. Sattlerl, D. A. Sanchez (2002) Geothermal Resource Exploration And Definition Project

312

Stochastic Analysis of Subcritical Amplification of Magnetic Energy in a Turbulent Dynamo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present and analyze a simplified stochastic $\\alpha \\Omega -$dynamo model which is designed to assess the influence of additive and multiplicative noises, non-normality of dynamo equation, and nonlinearity of the $\\alpha -$% effect and turbulent diffusivity, on the generation of a large-scale magnetic field in the subcritical case. Our model incorporates random fluctuations in the $\\alpha -$parameter and additive noise arising from the small-scale fluctuations of magnetic and turbulent velocity fields. We show that the noise effects along with non-normality can lead to the stochastic amplification of the magnetic field even in the subcritical case. The criteria for the stochastic instability during the early kinematic stage are established and the critical value for the intensity of multiplicative noise due to $\\alpha -$fluctuations is found. We obtain numerical solutions of non-linear stochastic differential equations and find the series of phase transitions induced by random fluctuations in the $\\alpha -$parameter.

Sergei Fedotov; Irina Bashkirtseva; Lev Ryashko

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

The energy spectrum of cosmic-ray induced neutrons measured on an airplane over a wide range of altitude and latitude  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......radiation dosimetry The energy spectrum of cosmic-ray...Homeland Security, New York, NY 10014, USA 2 Bartol...sensitive extended-energy multisphere neutron...Technical Report EML-595 (New York: US Department of Energy Environmental Measurements......

P. Goldhagen; J. M. Clem; J. W. Wilson

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Non-Hermitian ${\\cal PT}$-Symmetric Dirac-Pauli Hamiltonians with Real Energy Eigenvalues in the Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modified Dirac-Pauli equations, which is entered by means of ${\\gamma_5}$-mass extension of Hamiltonian operators, are considered. We also take into account the interaction of fermions with the intensive homogenous magnetic field focusing attention on (g-2) gyromagnetic factor of particles with spin $1/2$. Without the use of perturbation theory in the external field the exact energy spectra are deduced with regard to spin effects of fermions. We discuss the possible proposals of experimental measuring of properties of new particles which arising in this model.

V. N. Rodionov

2014-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

315

Free energy of dipolar hard spheres: The virial expansion under the presence of an external magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A method for calculation of the free energy of dipolar hard spheres under the presence of an applied magnetic field is presented. The method is based on the virial expansion in terms of density as well as the dipolar coupling constant ? , and it uses diagram technique. The formulas and the diagrams, needed to calculate the second B 2 and third B 3 virial coefficients, are derived up to the order of ? ? 3 , and compared to the zero-field case. The formula for B 2 is the same as in the zero-field case; the formula for B 3 , however, is different in an applied field, and a derivation is presented. This is a surprising result which is not emphasized in standard texts, but which has been noticed before in the virial expansion for flexible molecules (Caracciolo etal., 2006; Caracciolo etal., 2008). To verify the correctness of the obtained formulas, B 2 and B 3 were calculated within the accuracy of ? 2 , which were applied to initial magnetic susceptibility. The obtained expression fully coincides with the well-known theories (Morozov and Lebedev, 1990; Huke and Lcke, 2000; Ivanov and Kuznetsova, 2001), which used different methods to calculate the initial magnetic susceptibility.

Ekaterina A. Elfimova; Tatyana E. Karavaeva; Alexey O. Ivanov

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Ion kinetic energy conservation and magnetic field strength constancy in multi-fluid solar wind Alfv\\'enic turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate properties of the plasma fluid motion in the large amplitude low frequency fluctuations of highly Alfv\\'enic fast solar wind. We show that protons locally conserve total kinetic energy when observed from an effective frame of reference comoving with the fluctuations. For typical properties of the fast wind, this frame can be reasonably identified by alpha particles, which, owing to their drift with respect to protons at about the Alfv\\'en speed along the magnetic field, do not partake in the fluid low frequency fluctuations. Using their velocity to transform proton velocity into the frame of Alfv\\'enic turbulence, we demonstrate that the resulting plasma motion is characterized by a constant absolute value of the velocity, zero electric fields, and aligned velocity and magnetic field vectors as expected for unidirectional Alfv\\'enic fluctuations in equilibrium. We propose that this constraint, via the correlation between velocity and magnetic field in Alfv\\'enic turbulence, is at the origin of ...

Matteini, L; Pantellini, F; Velli, M; Schwartz, S J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Low Energy Spin Waves and Magnetic Interactions in SrFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We report inelastic neutron scattering studies of magnetic excitations in antiferromagnetically ordered SrFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} (T{sub N}=200-220 K), the parent compound of the FeAs-based superconductors. At low temperatures (T=7 K), the magnetic spectrum S(Q,({Dirac_h}/2{pi}){omega}) consists of a Bragg peak at the elastic position (({Dirac_h}/2{pi}){omega}=0 meV), a spin gap ({delta}{<=}6.5 meV), and sharp spin-wave excitations at higher energies. Based on the observed dispersion relation, we estimate the effective magnetic exchange coupling using a Heisenberg model. On warming across T{sub N}, the low-temperature spin gap rapidly closes, with weak critical scattering and spin-spin correlations in the paramagnetic state. The antiferromagnetic order in SrFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} is therefore consistent with a first order phase transition, similar to the structural lattice distortion.

Zhao Jun; Li Shiliang [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1200 (United States); Yao Daoxin; Carlson, E. W.; Hu Jiangping [Department of Physics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Hong Tao; Mook, H. A. [Neutron Scattering Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6393 (United States); Chen, Y.; Chang, S.; Ratcliff, W. II; Lynn, J. W. [NIST Center for Neutron Research, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-6102 (United States); Chen, G. F.; Luo, J. L.; Wang, N. L. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100190 (China); Dai Pengcheng [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1200 (United States); Neutron Scattering Science Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6393 (United States)

2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

318

Using Magnets to Keep Cool: Breakthrough Technology Boosts Energy Efficiency of Refrigerators  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

New technology funded by the Energy Department has led to a major breakthrough in refrigeration systems that could yield big energy savings for consumers and greatly reduce carbon pollution.

319

Assessment of Tumor Energy and Oxygenation Status by Bioluminescence, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, and Cryospectrophotometry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Assessment of Tumor Energy and Oxygenation Status by Bioluminescence...Montebello, 0310 Oslo 3, Norway [E. K. R.]; Experimental...Federal Republic of Germany. The energy and oxygenation status of tumors...independent techniques. Tumor energy metabolism was investigated...

W. Mueller-Klieser; C. Schaefer; S. Walenta; E. K. Rofstad; B. M. Fenton; and R. M. Sutherland

1990-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI) is a powerful imaging modality having a range of important applications to medicine and industry. The basic principles of NMRI are reviewed in...

Rothwell, William P

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Short-Range Direct and Diffuse Irradiance Forecasts for Solar Energy Applications Based on Aerosol Chemical Transport and Numerical Weather Modeling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines 23-day solar irradiance forecasts with respect to their application in solar energy industries, such as yield prediction for the integration of the strongly fluctuating solar energy into the electricity grid. During cloud-...

Hanne Breitkreuz; Marion Schroedter-Homscheidt; Thomas Holzer-Popp; Stefan Dech

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

From Hydrogen Fuel Cells to High-Altitude-Pilot Protection Suits Mound Science and Energy Museum Programs Cover a Wide Range of Topics  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Mound Science and Energy Museum (MSEM) is an active, volunteer-led organization located at the former U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Mound site in Miamisburg, Ohio. MSEM keeps the 60-year...

323

Energy loss, range, path length, time-of-flight, straggling, multiple scattering, and nuclear interaction probability: In two parts. Part 1. For 63 compounds Part 2. For elements 1 ? Z ? 92  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Extensive tables have been prepared of the mean energy loss, pathlength, range, multiple scattering, pathlength straggling, time-of-flight, and nonelastic collision probability for protons of energy from 1 keV through 10 GeV in all elements having atomic number from 1 through 92, and in many compounds and mixtures. Emphasis has been placed on obtaining accurate results, particularly in the difficult low-energy and high-atomic-number regions. The accuracies of all proton range-energy parameters are tabulated. The energy loss below 20 keV was found by normalizing theoretical expressions for the ionization, excitation, and nuclear contributions to known values at 20 keV. The energy loss between 20 keV and 1.0 MeV was obtained by statistically evaluating the accuracy of the available experimental information and then performing least-squares curve fits. Above 1.0 MeV, the Bethe equation with all necessary corrections was used. New values of the adjusted ionization potentials were determined by least-squares-fitting the Bethe equation to all available energy-loss data. The polarization effect was calculated in detail for each material. Path-lengths were calculated by integrating the reciprocal of the energy losses. Ranges were obtained by use of multiple Coulomb scattering theory. The straggling calculations include electronic, elastic nuclear, and charge exchange effects. The literature search was completed in June 1979. Keys for the references used for each element are collected in Table 12. A comparison of the calculational methods used here and in other recent proton range-energy tables is presented in Table 14.

Joseph F. Janni

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Quantum interference from sums over closed paths for electrons on a three-dimensional lattice in a magnetic field: Total energy, magnetic moment, and orbital susceptibility  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

it travels around a closed loop enclosing a net flux . Our lattice path integral calculation enables us paths in a cubic lattice, each one with its corresponding magnetic phase factor representing the net quantities: the magnetic moment M(B) and orbital susceptibility (B) at half filling, as well as the zero

Nori, Franco

325

Neutron range spectrometer  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A neutron range spectrometer and method for determining the neutron energy spectrum of a neutron emitting source are disclosed. Neutrons from the source are collimnated along a collimation axis and a position sensitive neutron counter is disposed in the path of the collimated neutron beam. The counter determines positions along the collimation axis of interactions between the neutrons in the neutron beam and a neutron-absorbing material in the counter. From the interaction positions, a computer analyzes the data and determines the neutron energy spectrum of the neutron beam. The counter is preferably shielded and a suitable neutron-absorbing material is He-3. The computer solves the following equation in the analysis: ##EQU1## where: N(x).DELTA.x=the number of neutron interactions measured between a position x and x+.DELTA.x, A.sub.i (E.sub.i).DELTA.E.sub.i =the number of incident neutrons with energy between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i, and C=C(E.sub.i)=N .sigma.(E.sub.i) where N=the number density of absorbing atoms in the position sensitive counter means and .sigma. (E.sub.i)=the average cross section of the absorbing interaction between E.sub.i and E.sub.i +.DELTA.E.sub.i.

Manglos, Stephen H. (East Syracuse, NY)

1989-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

326

Magnetism in transition metals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

By using the Hubbard tight-binding-type Hamiltonian and the cluster Bethe-lattice approximation we calculate for Fe the Curie temperature TC=2250 K and the temperature dependence of the magnetic moments and the magnetization. Moreover, we show how previous theories for itinerant magnets may be extended to include short-range spin correlations.

J. L. Morn-Lpez; K. H. Bennemann; M. Avignon

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Cobalt cluster-assembled thin films deposited by low energy cluster beam deposition: Structural and magnetic investigations of deposited layers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Cobalt cluster-assembled thin films were deposited on amorphous-carbon-coated copper grids and on silicon substrates at room temperature by low energy cluster beam deposition. Characterizations using high-resolution transmission electronic microscopy and atomic force microscopy reveal randomly stacked agglomerates of 9-11 nm diameter, which are themselves composed of small 3.6 nm diameter fcc cobalt clusters. The films are ferromagnetic up to room temperature and above, which implies that the clusters are exchange coupled. The approach to saturation is analyzed within the random anisotropy model. The values of the exchange coefficient A and the anisotropy constant K then derived are discussed. The temperature dependence of the coercivity below 100 K is discussed in terms of thermal activation effects. All results indicate that the fundamental entity governing the magnetic behaviors is constituted by the 9-11 nm diameter agglomerates rather than by the clusters themselves.

Dumas-Bouchiat, F.; Nagaraja, H. S.; Rossignol, F.; Champeaux, C.; Trolliard, G.; Catherinot, A.; Givord, D. [Centre de Projet Films Minces et Microdispositifs pour Telecommunications, SPCTS, UMR CNRS 6638, 123 Avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex (France); SPCTS, UMR CNRS 6638, ENSCI, 47 Avenue Albert Thomas, 87065 Limoges Cedex (France); Centre de Projet Films Minces et Microdispositifs pour Telecommunications, SPCTS, UMR CNRS 6638, 123 Avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex (France); SPCTS, UMR CNRS 6638, 123 Avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex (France); Centre de Projet Films Minces et Microdispositifs pour Telecommunications, SPCTS, UMR CNRS 6638, 123 Avenue Albert Thomas, 87060 Limoges Cedex (France); Laboratoire Louis Neel, UPR CNRS 5051, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex (France)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

LHC Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Magnet Program Magnet Program The Superconducting Magnet Division is building a number of dipole magnets for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which is now under construction at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Scheduled to begin operation in 2007, this machine will collide beams of protons with the unprecedented energy of 7 TeV per beam to explore the nature of matter at its most basic level (RHIC can collide beams of protons with energies of 0.25 TeV, but is mostly used to collide heavy ions with energies of 0.1 TeV per nucleon). The magnets are being built as part of the US program, recommended by the High Energy Physics Advisory Panel (HEPAP) and approved by Congress, to contribute to the construction and, later, use of that frontier machine by the US high energy physics community. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL) and

329

Identification of future engineering-development needs of alternative concepts for magnetic-fusion energy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A qualitative identification of future engineering needs of alternative fusion concepts (AFCs) is presented. These needs are assessed relative to the similar needs of the tokamak in order to emphasize differences in required technology with respect to the well documented mainline approach. Although nearly thirty AFCs can be identified as being associated with some level of reactor projection, redirection, refocusing, and general similarities can be used to generate a reduced AFC list that includes only the bumpy tori, stellarators, reversed-field pinches, and compact toroids. Furthermore, each AFC has the potential of operating as a conventional (low power density, superconducting magnets) or a compact, high-power-density (HPD) system. Hence, in order to make tractable an otherwise difficult task, the future engineering needs for the AFCs are addressed here for conventional versus compact approaches, with the latter being treated as a generic class and the former being composed of bumpy tori, stellarators, reversed-field pinches, and compact toroids.

Krakowski, R.A.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Chapter Five - Energy Levels of Light Atoms in Strong Magnetic Fields  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this review, we provide an overview of the field of atomic structure of light atoms in strong magnetic fields. There is a very rich history of this field that dates back to the very birth of quantum mechanics. At various points in the past, significant discoveries in science and technology have repeatedly served to rejuvenate interest in atomic structure in strong fields, broadly speaking, resulting in three eras in the development of this field; the historical, the classical, and the modern eras. The motivations for studying atomic structure have also changed significantly as time progressed. This review presents a chronological summary of the major advances that occurred during these eras and discusses new insights and impetus gained. This review is concluded with a description of the latest findings and the future prospects for one of the most remarkably cutting-edge fields of research in science today.

Anand Thirumalai; Jeremy S. Heyl

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

The near-edge structure in energy-loss spectroscopy: many-electron and magnetic effects in transition metal nitrides and carbides  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in transition metal nitrides and carbides This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down-loss spectroscopy: many-electron and magnetic effects in transition metal nitrides and carbides A T Paxton, M van energies are systematically overestimated by 4.22 ± 0.44 eV in twelve transition metal carbides

Paxton, Anthony T.

332

Effective temperatures of magnetic chemically peculiar stars from full spectral energy distributions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......have been attempts to model the observed energy distributions of a few stars with individually...0 1.299 0.739 98 24 14 92664 V364 Car Si 5.50 0 0.583 0.403 143 10 1 98664...scaled solar abundances are very poor alternative of the true chemical compositions. The......

L. Lipski; K. Stepien

2008-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

333

Abstract--An autonomous robotic platform should be able to perform long-range and long-endurance missions, which energy  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract-- An autonomous robotic platform should be able to perform long-range and long. Moreover, many applications for control of autonomous platform are being developed and one important aspect of autonomous and semi- autonomous platforms are being developed. The challenge to construct robust methods, and

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

334

Magnets for Muon 6D Cooling Channels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Helical Cooling Channel (HCC), an innovative technique for six-dimensional (6D) cooling of muon beams using a continuous absorber inside superconducting magnets, has shown considerable promise based on analytic and simulation studies. The implementation of this revolutionary method of muon cooling requires high field superconducting magnets that provide superimposed solenoid, helical dipole, and helical quadrupole fields. Novel magnet design concepts are required to provide HCC magnet systems with the desired fields for 6D muon beam cooling. New designs feature simple coil configurations that produce these complex fields with the required characteristics, where new high field conductor materials are particularly advantageous. The object of the program was to develop designs and construction methods for HCC magnets and design a magnet system for a 6D muon beam cooling channel. If successful the program would develop the magnet technologies needed to create bright muon beams for many applications ranging from scientific accelerators and storage rings to beams to study material properties and new sources of energy. Examples of these applications include energy frontier muon colliders, Higgs and neutrino factories, stopping muon beams for studies of rare fundamental interactions and muon catalyzed fusion, and muon sources for cargo screening for homeland security.

Johnson, Rolland [Muons, Inc.; Flanagan, Gene [Muons, Inc.

2014-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

335

Small-Scale Magnetic Fluctuations Inside the Macrotor Tokamak  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic pickup loops inserted into the Macrotor tokamak have shown a broad spectrum of oscillation in Br and Bp up to f?100 kHz. The high-frequency B?r have short radial and poloidal correlation lengths L10-5, where the summation extends over all f>30 kHz, is in the range in which such radial magnetic perturbations may be contributing to anomalous electron energy transport.

S. J. Zweben; C. R. Menyuk; R. J. Taylor

1979-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

336

The impact of pulsed irradiation upon neutron activation calculations for inertial and magnetic fusion energy power plants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inertial fusion energy (IFE) and magnetic fusion energy (MFE) power plants will probably operate in a pulsed mode. The two different schemes, however, will have quite different time periods. Typical repetition rates for IFE power plants will be 1-5 Hz. MFE power plants will ramp up in current for about 1 hour, shut down for several minutes, and repeat the process. Traditionally, activation calculations for IFE and MFE power plants have assumed continuous operation and used either the ``steady state`` (SS) or ``equivalent steady state`` (ESS) approximations. It has been suggested recently that the SS and ESS methods may not yield accurate results for all radionuclides of interest. The present work expands that of Sisolak, et al. by applying their formulae to conditions which might be experienced in typical IFE and MFE power plants. In addition, complicated, multi-step reaction/decay chains are analyzed using an upgraded version of the ACAB radionuclide generation/depletion code. Our results indicate that the SS method is suitable for application to MFE power plant conditions. We also find that the ESS method generates acceptable results for radionuclides with half-lives more than a factor of three greater than the time between pulses. For components that are subject to 0.05 Hz (or more frequent) irradiation (such as coolant), use of the ESS method is recommended. For components or materials that are subject to less frequent irradiation (such as high-Z target materials), pulsed irradiation calculations should be used.

Latkowski, J.F. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Sanz, J. [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (Spain); Vujic, J.L. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States)

1996-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

337

A Novel Integrated Magnetic Structure Based DC/DC Converter for Hybrid Battery/Ultracapacitor Energy Storage Systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This manuscript focuses on a novel actively controlled hybrid magnetic battery/ultracapacitor based energy storage system (ESS) for vehicular propulsion systems. A stand-alone battery system might not be sufficient to satisfy peak power demand and transient load variations in hybrid and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (HEV, PHEV). Active battery/ultracapacitor hybrid ESS provides a better solution in terms of efficient power management and control flexibility. Moreover, the voltage of the battery pack can be selected to be different than that of the ultracapacitor, which will result in flexibility of design as well as cost and size reduction of the battery pack. In addition, the ultracapacitor bank can supply or recapture a large burst of power and it can be used with high C-rates. Hence, the battery is not subjected to supply peak and sharp power variations, and the stress on the battery will be reduced and the battery lifetime would be increased. Utilizing ultracapacitor results in effective capturing of the braking energy, especially in sudden braking conditions.

Onar, Omer C [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Viking Range: Order (2014-CE-23014)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered Viking Range, LLC to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Viking Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

339

American Range: Order (2014-CE-23006)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE ordered American Range Corporation to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding American Range had failed to certify that certain models of cooking products comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

340

Muons with E_th >= 1 Gev and Mass Composition in the Energy Range 10^{18}-10^{20} ev Observed by Yakutsk Eas Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The ratio of the muon flux density to charged particle flux density at distances of 300 and 600 m from the shower axis ($\\rhom(300)/\\rhos(300)$ and $\\rhom(600)/\\rhos(600)$) is measured. In addition, the energy dependence of $\\rhom(1000)$ is analysed for showers with energies above $10^{18}$ eV. A comparison between the experimental data and calculations performed with the QGSJET model is given for the cases of primary proton, iron nucleus and gamma- ray. We conclude that the showers with $\\E\\ge3\\times10^{18}$ eV can be formed by light nuclei with a pronounced fraction of protons and helium nuclei. It is not excluded however that a small part of showers with energies above $10^{19}$ eV could be initiated by primary gamma-rays.

S. P. Knurenko; V. A. Kolosov; I. T. Makarov; I. Ye. Sleptsov; V. R. Sleptsova; G. G. Struchkov

2004-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Magnetic field induced alignmentorientation conversion: Nonlinear energy shift and predissociation in Te2 B1u state  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

analyzes magnetic field induced alignment­orientation conversion AOC phenomenon caused by simultaneous M, M 1 magnetic sublevels. The AOC is registered via the appearance of circular polarization (C place through 0u state continuum. As a result, magnetic AOC represents a sensitive method to investigate

Auzinsh, Marcis

342

Accelerator Quality HTS Dipole Magnet Demonstrator designs for the EuCARD-2, 5 Tesla 40 mm Clear Aperture Magnet  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Future high-energy accelerators will need very high magnetic fields in the range of 20 T. The EuCARD-2 work-package-10 is a collaborative push to take HTS materials into an accelerator quality demonstrator magnet. The demonstrator will produce 5 T standalone and between 17 T and 20 T, when inserted into the 100 mm aperture of Fresca-2 high field out-sert magnet. The HTS magnet will demonstrate the field strength and field quality that can be achieved. An effective quench detection and protection system will have to be developed to operate with the HTS superconducting materials. This paper presents a ReBCO magnet design using multi strand Roebel cable that develops a stand-alone field of 5 T in a 40 mm clear aperture and discusses the challenges associated with good field quality using this type of material. A selection of magnet designs is presented as result of a first phase of development.

Kirby, G; Ballarino, A; Bottura, L; Chouika, N; Clement, S; Datskov, V; Fajardo, L; Fleiter, J; Gauthier, R; Lambert, L; Lopes, M; Perez, J; DeRijk, G; Rijllart, A; Rossi, L; Ten Kate, H; Durante, M; Fazilleau, P; Lorin, C; Haro, E; Stenvall, A; Caspi, S; Marchevsky, M; Goldacker, W; Kario, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Regional operations research program for commercialization of geothermal energy in the Rocky Mountain basin and range. Final technical report, January 1980-March 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work accomplished from January 1980 to March 1981 in the Regional Operations Research efforts for the Rocky Mountain Basin and Range Geothermal Commercialization Program. The work included continued data acquisition and extension of the data base, enhancement and refinement of the economic models for electric and direct use applications, site-specific and aggregated analyses in support of the state teams, special analyses in support of several federal agencies, and marketing assistance to the state commercialization teams.

Not Available

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Cylindrical Hall Thrusters with Permanent Magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The use of permanent magnets instead of electromagnet coils for low power Hall thrusters can offer a significant reduction of both the total electric power consumption and the thruster mass. Two permanent magnet versions of the miniaturized cylindrical Hall thruster (CHT) of different overall dimensions were operated in the power range of 50W-300 W. The discharge and plasma plume measurements revealed that the CHT thrusters with permanent magnets and electromagnet coils operate rather differently. In particular, the angular ion current density distribution from the permanent magnet thrusters has an unusual halo shape, with a majority of high energy ions flowing at large angles with respect to the thruster centerline. Differences in the magnetic field topology outside the thruster channel and in the vicinity of the channel exit are likely responsible for the differences in the plume characteristics measured for the CHTs with electromagnets and permanent magnets. It is shown that the presence of the reversing-direction or cusp-type magnetic field configuration inside the thruster channel without a strong axial magnetic field outside the thruster channel does not lead to the halo plasma plume from the CHT. __________________________________________________

Yevgeny Raitses, Enrique Merino and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

345

Relaxation of spheromak plasmas toward a minimum-energy state and global magnetic fluctuations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Globally coherent modes which are observed during formation in the S-1 Spheromak plasma occur during flux conversion and plasma relaxation toward a minimum-energy state, suggesting that these modes provide a means for relaxation. A significant finding is the temporal progression of these modes through a sequence n=5,4,3,2, m=1, as q rises through rational fractions m/n, where n and m are defined by the functional dependence ei(n?+mtheta) of the fluctuations on toroidal angle ? and poloidal angle theta. Comparison with theory of the observed modes and the sequence of occurrence suggests that these modes are due to resistive MHD instabilities.

A. Janos; G. W. Hart; M. Yamada

1985-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

346

High Field Magnet R&D |Superconducting Magnet Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

High Field Magnet R&D High Field Magnet R&D The Superconducting Magnet Division is developing advanced magnet designs and magnet-related technologies for high field accelerator magnets. We are currently working on magnets for three inter-related programs: High Field Magnets for Muon Collider Papers, Presentations Common Coil Magnets Papers, Presentations Interaction Region Magnets Papers, Presentations High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) Magnets Papers, Presentations This is part of a multi-lab superconducting magnet development program for new accelerator facilities that would be part of the U.S. High Energy Physics program. These programs (@BNL, @FNAL, @LBNL) are quite complimentary to each other, so that magnet designs and technologies developed at one laboratory can be easily transferred to another. The BNL

347

Violation of the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin Cutoff: A Tempest in a (Magnetic) Teapot? Why Cosmic Ray Energies above 1020 eV May Not Require New Physics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The apparent lack of suitable astrophysical sources for the observed highest energy cosmic rays within ?20 Mpc is the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) paradox. We constrain representative models of the extragalactic magnetic field structure by Faraday rotation measurements; limits are at the ?G level rather than the nG level usually assumed. In such fields, even the highest energy cosmic rays experience large deflections. This allows nearby active galactic nuclei (possibly quiet today) or gamma ray bursts to be the source of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays without contradicting the GZK distance limit.

Glennys R. Farrar and Tsvi Piran

2000-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

348

Magnetoimpedance effect at the high frequency range for the thin film geometry: Numerical calculation and experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The magnetoimpedance effect is a versatile tool to investigate ferromagnetic materials, revealing aspects on the fundamental physics associated to magnetization dynamics, broadband magnetic properties, important issues for current and emerging technological applications for magnetic sensors, as well as insights on ferromagnetic resonance effect at non-saturated magnetic states. Here, we perform a theoretical and experimental investigation of the magnetoimpedance effect for the thin film geometry in a wide frequency range. We calculate the longitudinal magnetoimpedance for single layered, multilayered or exchange biased systems from an approach that considers a magnetic permeability model for planar geometry and the appropriate magnetic free energy density for each structure. From numerical calculations and experimental results found in literature, we analyze the magnetoimpedance behavior, and discuss the main features and advantages of each structure. To test the robustness of the approach, we directly compare theoretical results with experimental magnetoimpedance measurements obtained in a wide range of frequencies for an exchange biased multilayered film. Thus, we provide experimental evidence to confirm the validity of the theoretical approach employed to describe the magnetoimpedance in ferromagnetic films, revealed by the good agreement between numerical calculations and experimental results.

M. A. Corra; F. Bohn; R. B. da Silva; R. L. Sommer

2014-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

349

Regional Operations Research Program for Commercialization of Geothermal Energy in the Rocky Mountain Basin and Range. Final Technical Report, January 1980--March 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the work accomplished from January 1980 to March 1981 in the Regional Operations Research efforts for the Rocky Mountain Basin and Range Geothermal Commercialization Program. The scope of work is as described in New Mexico State University Proposal 80-20-207. The work included continued data acquisition and extension of the data base, enhancement and refinement of the economic models for electric and direct use applications, site-specific and aggregated analyses in support of the state teams, special analyses in support of several federal agencies, and marketing assistance to the state commercialization teams.

None

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

FAST MAGNETIC RECONNECTION AND SPONTANEOUS STOCHASTICITY  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Magnetic field lines in astrophysical plasmas are expected to be frozen-in at scales larger than the ion gyroradius. The rapid reconnection of magnetic-flux structures with dimensions vastly larger than the gyroradius requires a breakdown in the standard Alfven flux-freezing law. We attribute this breakdown to ubiquitous MHD plasma turbulence with power-law scaling ranges of velocity and magnetic energy spectra. Lagrangian particle trajectories in such environments become 'spontaneously stochastic', so that infinitely many magnetic field lines are advected to each point and must be averaged to obtain the resultant magnetic field. The relative distance between initial magnetic field lines which arrive at the same final point depends upon the properties of two-particle turbulent dispersion. We develop predictions based on the phenomenological Goldreich and Sridhar theory of strong MHD turbulence and on weak MHD turbulence theory. We recover the predictions of the Lazarian and Vishniac theory for the reconnection rate of large-scale magnetic structures. Lazarian and Vishniac also invoked 'spontaneous stochasticity', but of the field lines rather than of the Lagrangian trajectories. More recent theories of fast magnetic reconnection appeal to microscopic plasma processes that lead to additional terms in the generalized Ohm's law, such as the collisionless Hall term. We estimate quantitatively the effect of such processes on the inertial-range turbulence dynamics and find them to be negligible in most astrophysical environments. For example, the predictions of the Lazarian and Vishniac theory are unchanged in Hall MHD turbulence with an extended inertial range, whenever the ion skin depth {delta}{sub i} is much smaller than the turbulent integral length or injection-scale L{sub i} .

Eyink, Gregory L. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Statistics and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Lazarian, A. [Department of Astronomy, University of Wisconsin, 475 North Charter Street, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Vishniac, E. T., E-mail: eyink@jhu.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1 (Canada)

2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

351

Magnetic reconnection | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

"reconnection") refers to the breaking and reconnecting of oppositely directed magnetic field lines in a plasma. In the process, magnetic field energy is converted to plasma...

352

Energy Loss of Solar $p$ Modes due to the excitation of Magnetic Sausage Tube Waves: Importance of Coupling the Upper Atmosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider damping and absorption of solar $p$ modes due to their energy loss to magnetic tube waves that can freely carry energy out of the acoustic cavity. The coupling of $p$ modes and sausage tube waves is studied in a model atmosphere composed of a polytropic interior above which lies an isothermal upper atmosphere. The sausage tube waves, excited by $p$ modes, propagate along a magnetic fibril which is assumed to be a vertically aligned, stratified, thin magnetic flux-tube. The deficit of $p$-mode energy is quantified through the damping rate, $\\Gamma$ and absorption coefficient, $\\alpha$. The variation of $\\Gamma$ and $\\alpha$ as a function of frequency and the tube's plasma properties is studied in detail. Previous similar studies have considered only a subphotospheric layer, modelled as a polytrope that has been truncated at the photosphere (Bogdan et al. (1996), Hindman & Jain 2008, Gascoyne et al. (2011)). Such studies have found that the resulting energy loss by the $p$ modes is very sensitiv...

Gascoyne, Andrew; Hindman, Bradley

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Constraining the gravitational wave energy density of the Universe in the Range 0.1 Hz to 1 Hz using the Apollo Seismic Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we describe an analysis of Apollo era lunar seismic data that places an upper limit on an isotropic stochastic gravitational-wave background integrated over a year in the frequency range 0.1\\,Hz -- 1\\,Hz. We find that because the Moon's ambient noise background is much quieter than that of the Earth, significant improvements over an Earth based analysis were made. We find an upper limit of $\\Omega_{\\rm GW}<1.2\\times 10^{5}$, which is three orders of magnitude smaller than a similar analysis of a global network of broadband seismometers on Earth and the best limits in this band to date. We also discuss the benefits of a potential Earth-Moon correlation search and compute the time-dependent overlap reduction function required for such an analysis. For this search, we find an upper limit an order of magnitude larger than the Moon-Moon search.

Michael Coughlin; Jan Harms

2014-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Constraining the gravitational wave energy density of the Universe in the Range 0.1 Hz to 1 Hz using the Apollo Seismic Array  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we describe an analysis of Apollo era lunar seismic data that places an upper limit on an isotropic stochastic gravitational-wave background integrated over a year in the frequency range 0.1\\,Hz -- 1\\,Hz. We find that because the Moon's ambient noise background is much quieter than that of the Earth, significant improvements over an Earth based analysis were made. We find an upper limit of $\\Omega_{\\rm GW}<1.2\\times 10^{5}$, which is three orders of magnitude smaller than a similar analysis of a global network of broadband seismometers on Earth and the best limits in this band to date. We also discuss the benefits of a potential Earth-Moon correlation search and compute the time-dependent overlap reduction function required for such an analysis. For this search, we find an upper limit an order of magnitude larger than the Moon-Moon search.

Coughlin, Michael

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Quantum Catalysis of Magnetic Phase Transitions in a Quantum Simulator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We control quantum fluctuations to create the ground state magnetic phases of a classical Ising model with a tunable longitudinal magnetic field using a system of 6 to 10 atomic ion spins. Due to the long-range Ising interactions, the various ground state spin configurations are separated by multiple first-order phase transitions, which in our zero temperature system cannot be driven by thermal fluctuations. We instead use a transverse magnetic field as a quantum catalyst to observe the first steps of the complete fractal devil's staircase, which emerges in the thermodynamic limit and can be mapped to a large number of many-body and energy-optimization problems.

Philip Richerme; Crystal Senko; Simcha Korenblit; Jacob Smith; Aaron Lee; Rajibul Islam; Wesley C. Campbell; Christopher Monroe

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

356

residual magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetization, i.e., the magnetic polarization, that remains in a magnetized material after all attempts to remove the magnetization have been made. Note: An example of residual magnetization is the magnetiza...

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Ion Heating in the Field-Reversed Configuration by Rotating Magnetic Fields near the Ion-Cyclotron Resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The trajectories of ions confined in a field-reversed configuration (FRC) equilibrium magnetic geometry and heated with a small-amplitude, odd-parity rotating magnetic field (RMF) have been studied with a Hamiltonian computer code. When the RMF frequency is in the ion-cyclotron range, explosive heating occurs. Higher-energy ions are found to have betatron-type orbits, preferentially localized near the FRC's midplane. These results are relevant to a compact magnetic-fusion-reactor design.

Samuel A. Cohen and Alan H. Glasser

2000-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

358

Energy Loss of Solar p Modes due to the Excitation of Magnetic Sausage Tube Waves: Importance of Coupling the Upper Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider damping and absorption of solar p modes due to their energy loss to magnetic tube waves that can freely carry energy out of the acoustic cavity. The coupling of p modes and sausage tube waves is studied in a model atmosphere composed of a polytropic interior above which lies an isothermal upper atmosphere. The sausage tube waves, excited by p modes, propagate along a magnetic fibril which is assumed to be a vertically aligned, stratified, thin magnetic flux tube. The deficit of p-mode energy is quantified through the damping rate, ?, and absorption coefficient, ?. The variation of ? and ? as a function of frequency and the tube's plasma properties is studied in detail. Previous similar studies have considered only a subphotospheric layer, modeled as a polytrope that has been truncated at the photosphere. Such studies have found that the resulting energy loss by the p modes is very sensitive to the upper boundary condition, which, due to the lack of an upper atmosphere, have been imposed in a somewhat ad hoc manner. The model presented here avoids such problems by using an isothermal layer to model the overlying atmosphere (chromosphere, and, consequently, allows us to analyze the propagation of p-mode-driven sausage waves above the photosphere. In this paper, we restrict our attention to frequencies below the acoustic cut off frequency. We demonstrate the importance of coupling all waves (acoustic, magnetic) in the subsurface solar atmosphere with the overlying atmosphere in order to accurately model the interaction of solar f and p modes with sausage tube waves. In calculating the absorption and damping of p modes, we find that for low frequencies, below ?3.5 mHz, the isothermal atmosphere, for the two-region model, behaves like a stress-free boundary condition applied at the interface (z = z 0).

A. Gascoyne; R. Jain; B. W. Hindman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Evaluation of the energy states of hydrogen atom using Schroedinger equation with a Coulomb potential modified by the interaction between the magnetic moments of the proton and electron  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper we have performed the calculus of the energy states of hydrogen atom by using the Schroedinger equation with a Coulomb potential which is modified by the interaction between the magnetic moments of the proton and the electron, respectively. The important result is that the Lamb shift appears as a natural result of the solution of Schroedinger equation. The obtained results are in a good agreement with experimental data.

Voicu Dolocan

2014-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

360

Mechanical vibration to electrical energy converter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Electromechanical devices that generate an electrical signal in response to an external source of mechanical vibrations can operate as a sensor of vibrations and as an energy harvester for converting mechanical vibration to electrical energy. The devices incorporate a magnet that is movable through a gap in a ferromagnetic circuit, wherein a coil is wound around a portion of the ferromagnetic circuit. A flexible coupling is used to attach the magnet to a frame for providing alignment of the magnet as it moves or oscillates through the gap in the ferromagnetic circuit. The motion of the magnet can be constrained to occur within a substantially linear range of magnetostatic force that develops due to the motion of the magnet. The devices can have ferromagnetic circuits with multiple arms, an array of magnets having alternating polarity and, encompass micro-electromechanical (MEM) devices.

Kellogg, Rick Allen (Tijeras, NM); Brotz, Jay Kristoffer (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Magnetic fields of neutron stars in X-ray binaries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A substantial fraction of the known neutron stars resides in X-ray binaries -- systems in which one compact object accretes matter from a companion star. Neutron stars in X-ray binaries have magnetic fields among the highest found in the Universe, spanning at least the range from $\\sim10^8$ to several 10$^{13}$ G. The magnetospheres around these neutron stars have a strong influence on the accretion process, which powers most of their emission. The magnetic field intensity and geometry, are among the main factors responsible for the large variety of spectral and timing properties observed in the X-ray energy range, making these objects unique laboratories to study the matter behavior and the radiation processes in magnetic fields unaccessible on Earth. In this paper we review the main observational aspects related to the presence of magnetic fields in neutron star X-ray binaries and some methods that are used to estimate their strength.

Revnivtsev, Mikhail

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Sub-100 nm Confinement of Magnetic Nanoparticles Using Localized Magnetic Field Gradients  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that generate large magnetic gradients. In a homogeneous magnetic field, the field lines are parallel; that is, then the field lines converge into the ferromagnet. This convergence forms a shallow magnetic field gradient, to minimize the magnetic potential energy, the field lines exiting one magnet converge into the other magnet

Prentiss, Mara

363

Magnetic excitations and polarized neutrons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review the historical development of polarized beam techniques for studies of condensed matter physics. In particular we describe, in some detail, the recent advance of the triple axis technique with polarization analysis. It is now possible to carry out quantitative characterization of magnetic cross sections S(Q,..omega..), in absolute units, for a wide range of energy and momentum transfers. We will discuss some examples of recent inelastic measurements on 3d ferromagnets and heavy Fermions. 35 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

Shirane, G.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Pressure tuning of competing magnetic interactions in intermetallic CeFe2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We use high-pressure magnetic x-ray diffraction and numerical simulation to determine the low-temperature magnetic phase diagram of stoichiometric CeFe2. Near 1.5 GPa we find a transition from ferromagnetism to antiferromagnetism, accompanied by a rhombohedral distortion of the cubic Laves crystal lattice. By comparing pressure and chemical substitution we find that the phase transition is controlled by a shift of magnetic frustration from the Ce-Ce to the Fe-Fe sublattice. Notably the dominant Ce-Fe magnetic interaction, which sets the temperature scale for the onset of long-range order, remains satisfied throughout the phase diagram but does not determine the magnetic ground state. Our results illustrate the complexity of a system with multiple competing magnetic energy scales and lead to a general model for magnetism in cubic Laves phase intermetallic compounds.

Wang, Jiyang; Feng, Yejun; Jaramillo, R.; van Wezel, Jasper; Canfield, Paul C.; Rosenbaum, T.F.

2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

365

Dynamics of Magnetized Vortex Tubes in the Solar Chromosphere  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We use 3D radiative MHD simulations to investigate the formation and dynamics of small-scale (less than 0.5 Mm in diameter) vortex tubes spontaneously generated by turbulent convection in quiet-Sun regions with initially weak mean magnetic fields. The results show that the vortex tubes penetrate into the chromosphere and substantially affect the structure and dynamics of the solar atmosphere. The vortex tubes are mostly concentrated in intergranular lanes and are characterized by strong (near sonic) downflows and swirling motions that capture and twist magnetic field lines, forming magnetic flux tubes that expand with height and which attain magnetic field strengths ranging from 200 G in the chromosphere to more than 1 kG in the photosphere. We investigate in detail the physical properties of these vortex tubes, including thermodynamic properties, flow dynamics, and kinetic and current helicities, and conclude that magnetized vortex tubes provide an important path for energy and momentum transfer from the con...

Kitiashvili, I N; Mansour, N N; Wray, A A

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Magnetic confinement of fusion plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Starting with the Lorentz force law the basic physics involved in magnetic confinement in thermonuclear reactors is reviewed. Among the topics covered are magnetic bottles tokamaks tandem mirrors and energy balance considerations.(AIP)

George Patrick Lasche

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

On the Application of the Law of the Conservation of Energy to the Determination of the Magnetic Meridian on Board Ship, When out of Reach or out of Sight of Land.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

1850-1854 research-article On the Application of the Law of the Conservation of Energy to the Determination of the Magnetic Meridian...digitize, preserve, and extend access to Abstracts of the Papers Communicated to the Royal Society...

1850-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Computers: Honeywell's New Range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... THE recent announcement by Honeywell of a new range of computers implies that the company's acquisition of the business ... software, maintenance and so on) is fully taken into account, the advantages of the Honeywell range could turn out to be much greater. The larger members of the new ...

1971-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

369

Magnetism of Interacting Donors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The magnetic susceptibility of donor centers in semiconductors is calculated for the case of small interactions between closely adjacent donors. A hydrogenic model is assumed for the donor centers. The random distribution of the centers, as well as the variation of the energy of interaction with separation distance of pairs of donors, is taken into consideration. A twofold modification to the Curie law (which is correct for independent donors) is predicted by the resulting expression, namely, a curvature as well as a decrease of the slope of the Curie plot of the susceptibility versus inverse temperature. Both of these effects increase with the donor density, becoming appreciable in silicon with 1017-1018 donors/cm3 and in germanium in the range around 1016 donors/cm3. The theory is in good agreement with results of measurements.

E. Sonder and H. C. Schweinler

1960-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Power-Invariant Magnetic System Modeling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

properties and characteristics. Progress in magnetism was made after Oersted discovered in 1820 that a magnetic field could be generated with an electric current. Famous scientists, including Gauss, Maxwell and Faraday, tackled the phenomenon of magnetism... flows in the material. Meanwhile, in magnetic circuits, the reluctance is a measure of magnetic energy storage rather than being a measure of magnetic energy dissipation. 2. The Permeance-Capacitor Model In 1969, Dr. R.W. Buntenbach from...

Gonzalez Dominguez, Guadalupe Giselle

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

371

NEW MAGNETIC MATERIALS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New, sophisticated magnetic materials can be found as essential components in computers, sensors, and actuators, and in a variety of telecommunications devices ranging from telephones to satellites. Some of th...

STANOJA STOIMENOV

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

HTS Magnet Program | Superconducting Magnet Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

HTS Magnet Program HTS Magnet Program High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) have the potential to revolutionize the field of superconducting magnets for particle accelerators, energy storage and medical applications. This is because of the fact that as compared to the conventional Low Temperature Superconductors (LTS), the critical current density (Jc ) of HTS falls slowly both: as a function of increasing field, and as a function of increasing temperature These unique properties can be utilized to design and build: HTS magnets that produce very high fields (20 - 50 T) HTS magnets that operate at elevated temperatures (20 - 77 K) This is a significant step forward over the convention LTS magnets which generally operate at a temperature of ~4 K and with field usually limited

373

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

describes the general technology of SMES, and explains theIn each of these technologies, except SMES, the electricalva lue of SMES compared to other technologies l5 . The

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

angle for the SCR firing circuit. This in turn controls theare controlled by a firing circuit. (We describe here theVoltage pulses from the firing circuits cause the SCRs to

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The impact of high temperature superconductors is includedimpact of high temperature superconductor 011 SMES have beenIMPACT OF HIGH CRITICAL TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS ON SMES

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Mechanically versus electro-magnetically braked cycle ergometer: performance and energy cost of the Wingate Anaerobic Test  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Performance and metabolic profiles of the Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) were compared between a mechanically resisted (ME) and an electro-magnetically braked (EE) cycle ergometer. Fifteen healthy subjects (24....

D. Micklewright; A. Alkhatib; R. Beneke

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Time features of delayed neutrons and partial emissive-fission cross sections for the neutron-induced fission of {sup 232}Th nuclei in the energy range 3.2-17.9 MeV  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy dependence of the relative abundances of delayed neutrons and the energy dependence of the half-lives of their precursors in the neutron-induced fission of {sup 232}Th nuclei in the energy range 3.2-17.9 MeV were measured for the first time. A systematics of the time features of delayed neutrons is developed. This systematics makes it possible to estimate the half-life of delayed-neutron precursors as a function of the nucleonic composition of fissile nuclei by using a single parameter set for all nuclides. The energy dependence of the partial cross sections for emissive fission in the reaction {sup 232}Th(n, f) was analyzed on the basis of data obtained for the relative abundances of delayed neutrons and the aforementioned half-lives and on the basis of the created systematics of the time features of delayed neutrons. It was shown experimentally for the first time that the decrease in the cross section after the reaction threshold in the fission of {sup 232}Th nuclei (it has a pronounced first-chance plateau) is not an exclusion among the already studied uranium, plutonium, and curium isotopes and complies with theoretical predictions obtained for the respective nuclei with allowance for shell, superfluid, and collective effects in the nuclear-level density and with allowance for preequilibrium neutron emission

Roshchenko, V. A., E-mail: roshchenko@ippe.ru; Piksaikin, V. M., E-mail: piksa@ippe.ru; Korolev, G. G.; Egorov, A. S., E-mail: egorov@ippe.r [Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Russian Federation)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

Characterization of the sp2 bonds network in a-C:H layers with nuclear magnetic resonance, electron energy loss spectroscopy and electron spin resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

a-C:H layers prepared at different ion energies have been investigated by several methods including 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) and electron spin resonance (ESR). The sp2 fraction of the samples rose from 27% to about 60 at.% with increasing ion energies from 30 eV to 170 eV. In the EELS spectra of these layers the intensity of the ? ? ?? transition between 4 and 7 eV showed no significant variation. But a shift of the peak is observed from 7 eV to lower energy losses with increasing ion energies indicating an enhanced formation of larger sp2 cluster sizes. This shift is accompanied by a broadening of the energy loss peak, suggesting a broadening of the cluster size distribution. The ESR spectra showed an increase of the spin density by more than one order of magnitude with increasing ion energies. Simultaneously the linewidth of the ESR signal gets narrower. This can also be interpreted as an increasing cluster size from single benzene rings to three and four fused six-fold rings. Hence, the EELS and ESR spectra lead to the same conclusions with respect to the microstructure of the a-C:H network.

R. Kleber; K. Jung; H. Ehrhardt; I. Mhling; K. Breuer; H. Metz; F. Engelke

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Brownian motion and magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present an interesting connection between Brownian motion and magnetism. We use this to determine the distribution of areas enclosed by the path of a particle diffusing on a sphere. In addition, we find a bound on the free energy of an arbitrary system of spinless bosons in a magnetic field. The work presented here is expected to shed light on polymer entanglement, depolarized light scattering, and magnetic behavior of spinless bosons.

Supurna Sinha and Joseph Samuel

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

An important challenge in magnetic fusion research is to obtain high energy confinement in a stationary plasma that will be co  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ways to reduce your tokamak heating bill: Gaining control of edge transport Ways to reduce your tokamak heating bill: Gaining control of edge transport barriers on Alcator C-Mod A crucial challenge in magnetic fusion is to obtain high energy confinement in a stationary plasma that is compatible with the engineering requirements of a fusion reactor. The triggering of edge transport barriers at the boundary of confined plasma is a common approach to obtaining high energy confinement, in a regime known as H-mode, which extrapolates to high performance in ITER and other burning plasma devices. However, barriers to energy transport can sometimes be self-defeating, since they also provide a strong barrier to particle transport. This can lead to enhanced confinement of impurities in the plasma core, excessive radiated power and deterioration of performance for a given

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Magnetism in hafnium dioxide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thin films of HfO2 produced by pulsed-laser deposition on sapphire, yttria-stabilized zirconia, or silicon substrates show ferromagnetic magnetization curves with little hysteresis and extrapolated Curie temperatures far in excess of 400K. The moment does not scale with film thickness, but in terms of substrate area it is typically in the range 150400?Bnm?2. The magnetization exhibits a remarkable anisotropy, which depends on texture and substrate orientation. Pure HfO2 powder develops a weak magnetic moment on heating in vacuum, which is eliminated on annealing in oxygen. Lattice defects are the likely source of the magnetism.

J. M. D. Coey; M. Venkatesan; P. Stamenov; C. B. Fitzgerald; L. S. Dorneles

2005-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

382

Rangely Oilfield Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Date: Well Name: Location: Depth: Initial Flow Rate: "fa" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. The given value was not understood. Flow Test...

383

Magnetic Excitations and Their Energy Change Available to Superconducting Condensation in Optimally Doped YBa2Cu3O6.95  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Understanding the magnetic excitations in high-temperature (high-T{sub c}) copper-oxide superconductors is important because they may mediate the electron pairing for superconductivity. By determining the wavevector (Q) and energy ({h_bar}{omega}) dependence of the magnetic excitations, it is possible to calculate the change in the exchange energy available to the superconducting condensation energy. For the high-T{sub c} superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}, the most prominent feature in the magnetic excitations is the resonance. Suggestions that the resonance contributes a major part of the superconducting condensation have not gained acceptance because the resonance is only a small portion of the total magnetic scattering. Here, we report an extensive mapping of magnetic excitations for YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.95} (T{sub c} {approx} 93 K). Absolute intensity measurements of the full spectra allow us to estimate the change in the magnetic exchange energy between the normal and superconducting states, which is about 15 times larger than the superconducting condensation energy - more than enough to provide the driving force for high-T{sub c} superconductivity in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.95}.

Woo, H. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL; Hayden, S M. [University of Bristol, UK; Mook Jr, Herbert A [ORNL; Scalapino, D. J. [University of California, Santa Barbara; Perring, T. G. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Dogan, F. [University of Washington, Seattle

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Research Needs for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences. Report of the Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) Bethesda, Maryland, June 8-12, 2009  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear fusion - the process that powers the sun - offers an environmentally benign, intrinsically safe energy source with an abundant supply of low-cost fuel. It is the focus of an international research program, including the ITE R fusion collaboration, which involves seven parties representing half the world's population. The realization of fusion power would change the economics and ecology of energy production as profoundly as petroleum exploitation did two centuries ago. The 21st century finds fusion research in a transformed landscape. The worldwide fusion community broadly agrees that the science has advanced to the point where an aggressive action plan, aimed at the remaining barriers to practical fusion energy, is warranted. At the same time, and largely because of its scientific advance, the program faces new challenges; above all it is challenged to demonstrate the timeliness of its promised benefits. In response to this changed landscape, the Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES ) in the US Department of Energy commissioned a number of community-based studies of the key scientific and technical foci of magnetic fusion research. The Research Needs Workshop (ReNeW) for Magnetic Fusion Energy Sciences is a capstone to these studies. In the context of magnetic fusion energy, ReNeW surveyed the issues identified in previous studies, and used them as a starting point to define and characterize the research activities that the advance of fusion as a practical energy source will require. Thus, ReNeW's task was to identify (1) the scientific and technological research frontiers of the fusion program, and, especially, (2) a set of activities that will most effectively advance those frontiers. (Note that ReNeW was not charged with developing a strategic plan or timeline for the implementation of fusion power.) This Report presents a portfolio of research activities for US research in magnetic fusion for the next two decades. It is intended to provide a strategic framework for realizing practical fusion energy. The portfolio is the product of ten months of fusion-community study and discussion, culminating in a Workshop held in Bethesda, Maryland, from June 8 to June 12, 2009. The Workshop involved some 200 scientists from Universities, National Laboratories and private industry, including several scientists from outside the US. Largely following the Basic Research Needs model established by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences (BES ), the Report presents a collection of discrete research activities, here called 'thrusts.' Each thrust is based on an explicitly identified question, or coherent set of questions, on the frontier of fusion science. It presents a strategy to find the needed answers, combining the necessary intellectual and hardware tools, experimental facilities, and computational resources into an integrated, focused program. The thrusts should be viewed as building blocks for a fusion program plan whose overall structure will be developed by OFES , using whatever additional community input it requests. Part I of the Report reviews the issues identified in previous fusion-community studies, which systematically identified the key research issues and described them in considerable detail. It then considers in some detail the scientific and technical means that can be used to address these is sues. It ends by showing how these various research requirements are organized into a set of eighteen thrusts. Part II presents a detailed and self-contained discussion of each thrust, including the goals, required facilities and tools for each. This Executive Summary focuses on a survey of the ReNeW thrusts. The following brief review of fusion science is intended to provide context for that survey. A more detailed discussion of fusion science can be found in an Appendix to this Summary, entitled 'A Fusion Primer.'

None

2009-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

385

RangeTables.xls  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

(MeVcmmg) LET vs. Range in Si for 25 MeV SEE Beams (low LET) 4 He 14 N 0 0.5 1 1.5 0 600 1200 1800 2400 3000 3600 4 He 14 N 22 Ne 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 100 200 300 400 500...

386

Numerical search for diabolical points in the energy spectrum of the single-molecule magnet Fe{sub 8}  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Certain diabolical points in the tunneling spectrum of the single-molecule magnet Fe{sub 8} were previously believed to be have been eliminated as a result of a weak fourth-order anisotropy. As shown by Bruno, this is not so, and the points are only displaced in the magnetic field space along the medium anisotropy direction. The previously missing points are numerically located by following the lines of the Berry curvature. The importance of an experimental search for these rediscovered points is discussed.

Li Feifei; Garg, Anupam [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois 60208 (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging Mission  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MESSENGER Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry, and Ranging Mission Frequently Asked Mercury's characteristics and environment during two complementary mission phases. The mission's primary goal is to increase our understanding of Mercury's density, geologic history, magnetic field, core

Mojzsis, Stephen J.

388

Theory of optical properties of II-VI semiconductor quantum dots containing a single magnetic ion in a strong magnetic field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We present a microscopic theory of the magnetic field dependence of the optical properties of IIVI semiconductor quantum dots containing a single magnetic (Mn) impurity. The single-particle electron and heavy-hole states are described exactly by two-dimensional harmonic oscillators in a magnetic field, the Mn ion is treated as a spin of an isoelectronic impurity, and the quantum dot anisotropy is included perturbatively. The electron-hole direct, short-, and long-range exchange electron-hole Coulomb interactions, as well as the short-range spin-spin contact exchange interaction of the electron and the hole with the magnetic impurity is included. The electron-hole-Mn states are expanded in a finite number of configurations controlled by the number of confined electronic quantum dot shells and the full interacting Hamiltonian is diagonalized numerically in this basis. The absorption and emission spectrum is predicted as a function of photon energy, magnetic field, number of confined shells, and anisotropy. It is shown that the magnetic-field-induced enhancement of the exchange interaction of the Mn spin with the exciton is largely canceled by increased electron-hole Coulomb interactions. The predicted weak magnetic field dependence of the spacing of emission lines agrees well with the results of the spin model at low magnetic fields but differs at higher magnetic fields. Correlations in the exciton-Mn complex are predicted to determine absorption spectra.

Anna H. Trojnar; Marek Korkusi?ski; Marek Potemski; Pawel Hawrylak

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

389

Reversible and irreversible processes in dispersive/dissipative optical media: Electro-magnetic free energy and heat production  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We solve the problem addressed by Landau and Lifshitz in 1958, and Oughstun and Sherman of determining the dynamical losses in a purely dissipative dielectric media. We develop concrete notions of macroscopic free energy and losses as energy which is reversible and irreversible, respectively, in the medium-field interaction. We define the reversible and irreversible energies and outline the derivation of said quantities. We examine the implications of our definition and it's auxiliary quantity, the reversal field, for the single Lorentz oscillator model of a medium. We show that for this model the reversible energy reduces to the sum of the kinetic and potential energy, as found by Loudon. We note that in general, the sum of the kinetic and potential energies is greater than the reversible energy. We show that the reversible and irreversible energy have the characteristics classically defining free energy and heat.

C. Broadbent; G. Hovhannisyan; M. Clayton; J. Peatross; S. A. Glasgow

2002-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

390

Magnetic differential torque sensor  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new torque sensor structure is presented. The basic idea is a simple torque sensor with a variable magnetic circuit excited by an axially magnetized permanent magnet ring. The circuit is constituted by iron toothed rings, whose teeth relative position changes whenever an applied torque twists the rotating shaft. A Hall probe measures the induction in an airgap where the induction is uniform. The new structure is an association of two previous ones, thus creating a differential system with the related advantages: diminution of thermal drifts, zero mean value for the signal. The new magnetic circuit is studied by calculating equivalent reluctances through energy calculations and by using electrical analogies.

Lemarquand, V.; Lemarquand, G. [Univ. de Savoie, Annecy-le-Vieux (France)] [Univ. de Savoie, Annecy-le-Vieux (France)

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Leonardo Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ENERGY is the premier web site delivering a range of virtual libraries relating to electrical energy." References "Leonardo Energy" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.org...

392

Creatine phosphate as energy source in the cerulein-stimulated rat pancreas study by31P nuclear magnetic resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Stimulation of the rat exocrine pancreas by cerulein induces a variety of cellular processes, some of which require the expenditure of energy. In this study, changes in the amounts of various energy metabolite...

S. Aired; Y. Creach; C. Palevody; J. Esclassan

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

PREDICTING RANGES FOR PULSARS' BRAKING INDICES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The theoretical determination of braking indices of pulsars is still an open problem. In this paper we report results of a study concerning such determination based on a modification of the canonical model, which admits that pulsars are rotating magnetic dipoles, and on data from the seven pulsars with known braking indices. In order to test the modified model, we predict ranges for the braking indices of other pulsars.

Magalhaes, Nadja S.; Miranda, Thaysa A. [Federal University of Sao Paulo, DCET, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, Diadema, SP 09913-030 (Brazil); Frajuca, Carlos, E-mail: nadjasm@gmail.com [Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Sao Paulo, R. Pedro Vicente 625, Sao Paulo, SP 01109-010 (Brazil)

2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

394

A MAGNETIC CALIBRATION OF PHOTOSPHERIC DOPPLER VELOCITIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The zero point of measured photospheric Doppler shifts is uncertain for at least two reasons: instrumental variations (from, e.g., thermal drifts); and the convective blueshift, a known correlation between intensity and upflows. Accurate knowledge of the zero point is, however, useful for (1) improving estimates of the Poynting flux of magnetic energy across the photosphere, and (2) constraining processes underlying flux cancellation, the mutual apparent loss of magnetic flux in closely spaced, opposite-polarity magnetogram features. We present a method to absolutely calibrate line-of-sight (LOS) velocities in solar active regions (ARs) near disk center using three successive vector magnetograms and one Dopplergram coincident with the central magnetogram. It exploits the fact that Doppler shifts measured along polarity inversion lines (PILs) of the LOS magnetic field determine one component of the velocity perpendicular to the magnetic field, and optimizes consistency between changes in LOS flux near PILs and the transport of transverse magnetic flux by LOS velocities, assuming that ideal electric fields govern the magnetic evolution. Previous calibrations fitted the center-to-limb variation of Doppler velocities, but this approach cannot, by itself, account for residual convective shifts at the limb. We apply our method to vector magnetograms of AR 11158, observed by the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory, and find clear evidence of offsets in the Doppler zero point in the range of 50-550 m s{sup -1}. In addition, we note that a simpler calibration can be determined from an LOS magnetogram and Dopplergram pair from the median Doppler velocity among all near-disk-center PIL pixels. We briefly discuss shortcomings in our initial implementation, and suggest ways to address these. In addition, as a step in our data reduction, we discuss the use of temporal continuity in the transverse magnetic field direction to correct apparently spurious fluctuations in resolution of the 180 Degree-Sign ambiguity.

Welsch, Brian T.; Fisher, George H. [Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-7450 (United States); Sun, Xudong [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2013-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

395

Influence of energy exchange of electrons and ions on the long-wavelength thermal instability in magnetized astrophysical objects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Papers Influence of energy exchange of electrons and ions...are different and include the energy exchange in thermal equations...Vazquez-Semadeni Gazol 2002; Audit Hennebelle 2005; Stiele, Lesch...does not take into account an energy exchange between species in......

Anatoly K. Nekrasov

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Magnetic Spinner  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A science toy sometimes called the magnetic spinner is an interesting class demonstration to illustrate the principles of magnetic levitation. It can also be used to demonstrate Faraday's law and a horizontally suspended physical pendulum. The levitated part contains two circular magnets encased in a plastic housing. Each magnet stays above two triangular magnets fixed to the base. The magnetic repulsive force experienced by the circular magnets is independent of their orientation; therefore the holder of these magnets can be rotated without affecting its stability. The holder with the circular magnets can be oscillated up and down as a horizontally suspended physical pendulum.

P. J. Ouseph

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Magnetism Digest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... and Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, on the occasion of their annual conferences on magnetism and magnetic materials in the United States, have sponsored the production of a Magnetic ... references, drawn from a large number of sources, to work in the field of magnetism and magnetic materials published in the preceding year. They therefore provide a very convenient ...

J. H. PHILLIPS

1966-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

398

Passive magnetic bearing system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An axial stabilizer for the rotor of a magnetic bearing provides external control of stiffness through switching in external inductances. External control also allows the stabilizer to become a part of a passive/active magnetic bearing system that requires no external source of power and no position sensor. Stabilizers for displacements transverse to the axis of rotation are provided that require only a single cylindrical Halbach array in its operation, and thus are especially suited for use in high rotation speed applications, such as flywheel energy storage systems. The elimination of the need of an inner cylindrical array solves the difficult mechanical problem of supplying support against centrifugal forces for the magnets of that array. Compensation is provided for the temperature variation of the strength of the magnetic fields of the permanent magnets in the levitating magnet arrays.

Post, Richard F.

2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

399

Structural consequences of hen egg-white lysozyme orthorhombic crystal growth in a high magnetic field: validation of X-ray diffraction intensity, conformational energy searching and quantitative analysis of B factors and mosaicity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It has been shown that a high magnetic field of 10 T improves the quality of lysozyme crystals as quantified by comparison of the X-ray diffraction of crystals grown in the presence and absence of a magnetic field of 10 T, from structure comparisons and from molecular-modelling studies with conformational energy searching, from analysis of the anisotropic B factors and finally from analysis of the mosaicity. It is concluded that magnetic enhancement in protein crystal perfection is an important material engineering tool in the study of protein structure and function.

Saijo, S.

2005-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

400

Magnetic soft x-ray microscopy-imaging fast spin dynamics in magnetic nanostructures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fundamental time scale in magnetism is given by the time required to transfer energy and momentum from the electronic

Fischer, Peter; Kim, Dong-Hyun; Mesler, Brooke L.; Chao, Weilun; Sakdinawat, Anne E.; Anderson, Erik H.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Recycling of the Solar Corona's Magnetic Field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic fields play a dominant role in the atmospheres of the Sun and other Sun-like stars. Outside sunspot regions, the photosphere of the so-called quiet Sun contains myriads of small-scale magnetic concentrations, with strengths ranging from the detection limit of ~1016 Mx up to ~3 ? 1020 Mx. The tireless motion of these magnetic flux concentrations, along with the continual appearance and disappearance of opposite-polarity pairs of fluxes, releases a substantial amount of energy that may be associated with a whole host of physical processes in the solar corona, not least the enigma of coronal heating. We find here that the timescale for magnetic flux to be remapped in the quiet-Sun corona is, surprisingly, only 1.4 hr (around 1/10 of the photospheric flux recycling time), implying that the quiet-Sun corona is far more dynamic than previously thought. Besides leading to a fuller understanding of the origins of magnetically driven phenomena in our Sun's corona, such a process may also be crucial for the understanding of stellar atmospheres in general.

R. M. Close; C. E. Parnell; D. W. Longcope; E. R. Priest

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Range imaging laser radar  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser source is operated continuously and modulated periodically (typicy sinusoidally). A receiver imposes another periodic modulation on the received optical signal, the modulated signal being detected by an array of detectors of the integrating type. Range to the target determined by measuring the phase shift of the intensity modulation on the received optical beam relative to a reference. The receiver comprises a photoemitter for converting the reflected, periodically modulated, return beam to an accordingly modulated electron stream. The electron stream is modulated by a local demodulation signal source and subsequently converted back to a photon stream by a detector. A charge coupled device (CCD) array then averages and samples the photon stream to provide an electrical signal in accordance with the photon stream.

Scott, Marion W. (Albuquerque, NM)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

MagLab - Pioneers in Electricity and Magnetism: Joseph Henry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

most significant scientific work. At first, he focused his energies on terrestrial magnetism, which soon led him to broaden his scope to other types of magnetism. Henry attended...

404

Superconducting Magnet Technology for Future Hadron Colliders  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The application of superconducting magnets to large-scale particle accelerators was successfully demonstrated with the completion of the Tevatron at Fermilab in 1983. This machine, utilizing dipole magnets operating at 4.5 T, has been operating successfully for the past 12 years. This success was followed a few years later by HERA, an electron-proton collider that uses superconducting quadrupoles and dipoles of a design similar to those in the Tevatron. The next major project was the ill-fated SSC, which was cancelled in 1993. However, the SSC R&D effort did succeed in demonstrating the reliable operation of dipole magnets up to 6.6 T. The LHC, now under construction, pushes the ductile superconductor, NbTi, to its limit in dipoles designed to operate at fields of 8.6 T at 1.8 K. Several recent studies have addressed the issues involved in taking the next step beyond the LHC. The Division of Particles and Fields Workshop on Future Hadron Facilities in the U.S., held at Indiana U. in 1994, examined two possible facilities--a 2-TeV on 2-TeV collider and a 30-Tev on 30-Tev collider. The participants arrived at the following conclusions with regard to superconducting magnets: (1) Superconducting magnets are the enabling technology for high energy colliders. As such, the highest priority for the future of hadron facilities in the U.S. is the reassembly of a U.S. superconducting magnet R&D program. (2) emphasis on conductor development and new magnet designs; and (3) goals of such a program might be (a) the development of a 9-10 Tesla magnet based on NbTi technology; (b) the development of high quality quadrupoles with gradients in the range 250-300 T/m; and (c) initiation of R&D activities aimed at moving beyond the existing technology as appears to be required for the development of a magnet operating at 12-15 Tesla. In order to reach fields above 10 T, magnet designers must turn to new materials with higher critical fields than that of NbTi. Several candidate conductors exist; unfortunately, all of these new materials are brittle, and thus pose new challenges to the magnet designers. At the same time that the forces on the magnet windings are increasing due to the higher Lorentz force associated with the higher magnetic fields, the conductor tensile strain must be limited to less than about 0.5% to prevent damage to the brittle superconducting material. Also, coil fabrication methods must be changed. If the superconductor is in the reacted, or brittle, state, the coil winding procedure must be modified to prevent overstraining. If the alternative wind and react approach is used, new insulating materials must be used that can survive the high temperature reactions (650 to 800 C) necessary to form the superconducting compounds. The issues associated with high-field dipole magnets have been discussed at a number of workshops, including those at DESY in 1991 and LBL in 1992. These workshops were extremely useful in defining the problems and focusing the attention of both materials and magnet experts on high-field dipole magnets; however, since neither set of proceedings was published, the information is not readily available. More recently, a workshop was held in Erice, Italy, under the sponsorship of the Ettore Maiorana Center for Scientific Culture. This international workshop was attended by 20 scientists from Europe, Japan, and the U.S., and the summary of that work, which represents the most recent and thorough assessment of the status of high-field magnets for accelerator magnets, is presented.

Scanlan, R.M.; Barletta, W.A.; Dell'Orco, D.; McInturff, A.D.; Asner, A.; Collings, E.W.; Dahl, P.F.; Desportes, H.; Devred, A.; Garre, R.; Gregory, E.; Hassenzahl, W.; Lamm, M.; Larbalestier, D.; Leory, D.; McIntyre, P.; Miller, J.; Shintomi, T.; ten Kate, H.; Wipf, S.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Cryogenic structural materials for superconducting magnets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper reviews research in the United States and Japan on structural materials for high-field superconducting magnets. Superconducting magnets are used for magnetic fusion energy devices and for accelerators that are used in particle-physics research. The cryogenic structural materials that we review are used for magnet cases and support structures. We expect increased materials requirements in the future.

Dalder, E.N.C.; Morris, J.W. Jr.

1985-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

406

Circular polarization of obliquely propagating whistler wave magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The circular polarization of the magnetic field of obliquely propagating whistler waves is derived using a basis set associated with the wave partial differential equation. The wave energy is mainly magnetic and the wave propagation consists of this magnetic energy sloshing back and forth between two orthogonal components of magnetic field in quadrature. The wave electric field energy is small compared to the magnetic field energy.

Bellan, P. M. [Applied Physics, Caltech, Pasadena California 91125 (United States)] [Applied Physics, Caltech, Pasadena California 91125 (United States)

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

407

Proto-Neutron Star Winds with Magnetic Fields and Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We solve the 1D neutrino-heated non-relativistic MHD wind problem for conditions that range from slowly rotating (spin period P > 10 ms) protoneutron stars (PNSs) with surface field strengths typical of radio pulsars (B winds are relativistic. We then quantify the effects of rotation and magnetic fields on the mass loss, energy loss, and r-process nucleosynthesis in PNS winds. We describe the evolution of PNS winds through the Kelvin-Helmholtz cooling epoch, emphasizing the transition between (1) thermal neutrino-driven, (2) non-relativistic magnetically-dominated, and (3) relativistic magnetically-dominated outflows. We find that proto-magnetars with P ~ 1 ms and B > 10^15 G drive relativistic winds with luminosities, energies, and Lorentz factors (magnetization sigma ~ 0.1-1000) consistent with those required to produce long duration gamma-ray bursts and hyper-energetic supernovae (SNe). A significant fraction of the rotational energy may be extracted in only a few seconds, sufficiently rapidly to alter the asymptotic energy of the SN remnant, its morphology, and, potentially, its nucleosynthetic yield. Winds from PNSs with more modest rotation periods (2 - 10 ms) and with magnetar-strength fields produce conditions significantly more favorable for the r-process than winds from slowly rotating PNSs. Lastly, we show that energy and momentum deposition by convectively-excited waves further increase the likelihood of successful r-process in PNS winds.

Brian D. Metzger; Todd A. Thompson; Eliot Quataert

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

408

Live Fire Range Environmental Assessment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Central Training Academy (CTA) is a DOE Headquarters Organization located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, with the mission to effectively and efficiently educate and train personnel involved in the protection of vital national security interests of DOE. The CTA Live Fire Range (LFR), where most of the firearms and tactical training occurs, is a complex separate from the main campus. The purpose of the proposed action is to expand the LFR to allow more options of implementing required training. The Department of Energy has prepared this Environmental Assessment (EA) for the proposed construction and operation of an expanded Live Fire Range Facility at the Central Training Academy in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Based on the analysis in the EA, DOE has determined that the proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment, within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI).

None

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

How Magnetic Dimers Interact to Create Long-Range Order  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

distortions. The x-ray data also enabled the researchers to pinpoint the phase transition temperature as being 122 K. Complementary high-resolution powder neutron diffraction...

411

Alternative Energy Development and China's Energy Future  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

by Alternative Energy Technology . 75Figure 25. Range in Alternative Energy EROEIs in Existingof Energy Output for Alternative Energy Development, 2010-

Zheng, Nina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Energy Analysis by Sector | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Energy Analysis by Sector Energy Analysis by Sector Manufacturers often rely on energy-intensive technologies and processes. AMO conducts a range of analyses to explore energy use...

413

E-Print Network 3.0 - antiferromagnetic long-range order Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

netic long range order and spin glass order coexist. Fig. 1. - Magnetic phase transition... or an ... Source: Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathmatiques Collection:...

414

Magnetism.1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... each complete magnets with a pair of poles. The general character of the earth's magnetism has long been knownthat the earth behaves with regard to magnets as though it ... and that these poles have a slow secular motion. For many years the earth's magnetism has been the subject of careful study by the most powerful minds. Gauss organized ...

1890-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

415

Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Energy newsroomassetsimagesenergy-icon.png Energy Research into alternative forms of energy, and improving and securing the power grid, is a major national security...

416

Range Separated Brueckner Coupled Cluster Doubles Theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We introduce a range-separation approximation to coupled cluster doubles (CCD) theory that successfully overcomes limitations of regular CCD when applied to the uniform electron gas. We combine the short-range ladder channel with the long-range ring channel in the presence of a Bruckner renormalized one-body interaction and obtain ground-state energies with an accuracy of 0.001 a.u./electron across a wide range of density regimes. Our scheme is particularly useful in the low-density and strongly-correlated regimes, where regular CCD has serious drawbacks. Moreover, we cure the infamous overcorrelation of approaches based on ring diagrams (i.e. the particle-hole random phase approximation). Our energies are further shown to have appropriate basis set and thermodynamic limit convergence, and overall this scheme promises energetic properties for realistic periodic and extended systems which existing methods do not possess.

Shepherd, James J; Scuseria, Gustavo E

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Loss of High-Energy Phosphate following Hyperthermia Demonstrated by in Vivo 31P-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...even after substantial heat exposure. An obvious...discrepancy is that the loss of high-energy phos...correlation between loss of ATP, cell kill, and heat dose, when compared...Inhomogenous heat distribution, variable metabolic...

Michael B. Lilly; Thian C. Ng; William T. Evanochko; Charles R. Katholi; Narinder G. Kumar; Gabriel A. Elgavish; John R. Durant; Raymond Hiramoto; Vithal Ghanta; and Jerry D. Glickson

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences: Target 2017  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

19 8 Magnetic Fusion Energy Science (MFES) Case 2017 8 Magnetic Fusion Energy Science (MFES) Case and NERSC Senior Science Advisor Magnetic Fusion

Gerber, Richard

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Fusion Energy Sciences Research  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

General Plasma Science Magnetic Fusion Energy Magneticfor Fusion Energy Sciences Magnetic Fusion Plasma from the crosscutting science of magnetic reconnection and

Gerber, Richard

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Earths magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Earths magnetism, geomagnetism, terrestrial magnetism [The magnetism of the Earth] ? Erdmagnetismus m, Geomagnetismus

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Mesoscopic Spin Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We investigate the spin magnetism of mesoscopic metallic grains. In the average response of an ensemble of grains there are corrections to macroscopic behavior due to both spectral fluctuations and electron-electron interactions. These corrections are a nonlinear function of the magnetic field. Their temperature dependence is calculated numerically and analytically. An experiment is proposed to measure the unknown interaction coupling constant in the Cooper channel. For a single sample the magnetization is found to fluctuate reproducibly about the mean. These fluctuations directly probe the energy level statistics.

H. Mathur; M. Gkeda?; A. Douglas Stone

1995-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

422

Ames Lab 101: Rare-Earth Magnets  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Senior Scientist, Bill McCallum, briefly discusses rare-earth magnets and their uses and how Ames Lab is research new ways to save money and energy using magnets.

McCallum, Bill

2012-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

423

In the mIdst of an energy revolutIon, Purdue's world-class researchers lead the charge. we collaborate across a broad range of dIscIPlInes --to develoP  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rechargIng IndIana's renewable energy revolutIon #12;enerGY solutions solar The U.S. Department of Energy expects that 10-15 percent of the nation's energy should be generated from solar sources by 2030. The target of the Purdue projects: · Researchersaredevelopingthinfilm solar cells that would have greater

Holland, Jeffrey

424

Scaling of the electron dissipation range of solar wind turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Electron scale solar wind turbulence has attracted great interest in recent years. Clear evidences have been given from the Cluster data that turbulence is not fully dissipated near the proton scale but continues cascading down to the electron scales. However, the scaling of the energy spectra as well as the nature of the plasma modes involved at those small scales are still not fully determined. Here we survey 10 years of the Cluster search-coil magnetometer (SCM) waveforms measured in the solar wind and perform a statistical study of the magnetic energy spectra in the frequency range [$1, 180$]Hz. We show that a large fraction of the spectra exhibit clear breakpoints near the electon gyroscale $\\rho_e$, followed by steeper power-law like spectra. We show that the scaling below the electron breakpoint cannot be determined unambiguously due to instrumental limitations that will be discussed in detail. We compare our results to recent ones reported in other studies and discuss their implication on the physical...

Sahraoui, F; De Patoul, J; Belmont, G; Goldstein, M L; Retino, A; Robert, P; Cornilleau-Wehrlin, N; Canu, P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

EXOTIC MAGNETS FOR ACCELERATORS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the last few years, several novel magnet designs have been introduced to meet the requirements of new, high performance accelerators and beam lines. For example, the FAIR project at GSI requires superconducting magnets ramped at high rates ({approx} 4 T/s) in order to achieve the design intensity. Magnets for the RIA and FAIR projects and for the next generation of LHC interaction regions will need to withstand high doses of radiation. Helical magnets are required to maintain and control the polarization of high energy protons at RHIC. In other cases, novel magnets have been designed in response to limited budgets and space. For example, it is planned to use combined function superconducting magnets for the 50 GeV proton transport line at J-PARC to satisfy both budget and performance requirements. Novel coil winding methods have been developed for short, large aperture magnets such as those used in the insertion region upgrade at BEPC. This paper will highlight the novel features of these exotic magnets.

WANDERER, P.

2005-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

426

Tunable quantum hypersound generator in the gigahertz to terahertz range  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The steady-state nonequilibrium phonon distribution function of a semiconductor in which the hot electronic gas is quantized by a strong magnetic field is calculated with the use of a quantum Boltzmann equation. There is a very strong cyclotron output in the direction perpendicular to the magnetic field. Conditions for which this output is strong as well as monochromatic and directional are found. A new tunable GaAs phonon source in the 100-GHz range should thus be possible.

G. W. Slater and A.-M. S. Tremblay

1984-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Energy or Mass and Interaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A review. Problems: 1-Many empirical parameters and large dimension number; 2-Gravitation and Electrodynamics are challenged by dark matter and energy. Energy and nonlinear electrodynamics are fundamental in a unified nonlinear interaction. Nuclear energy appears as nonlinear SU(2) magnetic energy. Gravitation and electromagnetism are unified giving Einstein's equation and a geometric energy momentum tensor. A solution energy in the newtonian limit gives the gravitational constant G. Outside of this limit G is variable. May be interpreted as dark matter or energy. In vacuum, known gravitational solutions are obtained. Electromagnetism is an SU(2) subgroup. A U(1) limit gives Maxwell's equations. Geometric fields determine a generalized Dirac equation and are the germ of quantum physics. Planck's h and of Einstein's c are given by the potential and the metric. Excitations have quanta of charge, flux and spin determining the FQHE. There are only three stable 1/2 spin fermions. Mass is a form of energy. The rest energies of the fermions give the proton/electron mass ratio. Potential excitations have energies equal to the weak boson masses allowing a geometric interpretation of Weinberg's angle. SU(2) gives the anomalous magnetic moments of proton, electron, neutron and generates nuclear range attractive potentials strong enough to produce the binding energies of the deuteron and other nuclides. Lepton and meson masses are due to topological excitations. The geometric mass spectrum is satisfactory. The proton has a triple structure. The alpha constant is a geometric number.

Gustavo R Gonzalez-Martin

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

428

Progress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmasa...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reconnection, a topological rearrangement of magnetic field lines, is key for self-organization processes energies. Magnetic reconnection plays an important role during interactions between the magnetic fieldsProgress in understanding magnetic reconnection in laboratory and space astrophysical plasmasa

429

Aeromagnetic and gravity surveys in the Coso Range, California | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and gravity surveys in the Coso Range, California and gravity surveys in the Coso Range, California Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Aeromagnetic and gravity surveys in the Coso Range, California Details Activities (2) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: The effect of an underlying magma reservoir cannot be identified within the complex gravity pattern in the Coso Range, California. Rather, linear gravity contours, which suggest a regional tectonic origin, enclose the location of most of the volcanic activity of the Coso Range. Faults along the edges of northwest trending, magnetic blocks probably provided paths of minimum resistance to the ascending viscous magma that was extruded as rhyolite domes. Dense, magnetic rocks associated with a complex mafic pluton 9 km in diameter form a relatively impermeable north border of

430

Magnetization and EPR studies of the single molecule magnet Ni4 with integrated sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetization and EPR studies of the single molecule magnet Ni4 with integrated sensors G. de 2007 Integrated magnetic sensors that allow simultaneous EPR and magnetization measurements have been with a micro-Hall effect magnetometer. EPR spectroscopy is used to determine the energy splitting between

del Barco, Enrique

431

Impulsive energy release and non-thermal emission in a confined M4.0 flare triggered by rapidly evolving magnetic structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present observations of a confined M4.0 flare from NOAA 11302 on 2011 September 26. Observations at high temporal, spatial, and spectral resolution from Solar Dynamics Observatory, Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager, and Nobeyama Radioheliograph enabled us to explore the possible triggering and energy release processes of this flare despite its very impulsive behavior and compact morphology. The flare light curves exhibit an abrupt rise of non-thermal emission with co-temporal hard X-ray (HXR) and microwave (MW) bursts that peaked instantly without any precursor emission. This stage was associated with HXR emission up to 200 keV that followed a power law with photon spectral index ($\\delta$) $\\sim$3. Another non-thermal peak, observed 32 s later, was more pronounced in the MW flux than the HXR profiles. Dual peaked structure in the MW and HXR light curves suggest a two-step magnetic reconnection process. Extreme ultraviolet (EUV) images exhibit a sequential evolution of the inner and oute...

Kushwaha, Upendra; cho, Kyung-suk; Veronig, Astrid; Tiwari, Sanjiv Kumar; Mathew, S K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Compact range for variable-zone measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact range for testing antennas or radar targets includes a source for directing energy along a feedline toward a parabolic reflector. The reflected wave is a spherical wave with a radius dependent on the distance of the source from the focal point of the reflector.

Burnside, Walter D. (Columbus, OH); Rudduck, Roger C. (Columbus, OH); Yu, Jiunn S. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Electrical Engineering Technology (EET) LONG RANGE SCHEDULE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Machinery C T C T EET 365W Electrical Power & Machinery Laboratory C C, V V C C, V V EET 370T Energy=Virtual Laboratory, W=Web based This schedule is tentative. All Course offerings are subject to minimum enrollmentElectrical Engineering Technology (EET) LONG RANGE SCHEDULE Course Number and Name Fall 2010 Spr

434

Compact range for variable-zone measurements  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compact range for testing antennas or radar targets includes a source for directing energy along a feedline toward a parabolic reflector. The reflected wave is a spherical wave with a radius dependent on the distance of the source from the focal point of the reflector. 2 figs.

Burnside, W.D.; Rudduck, R.C.; Yu, J.S.

1987-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

435

Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.

Bikashkali Midya; Jrmie Evrard; Sylvain Abramowicz; O. L. Ramrez Surez; Jean-Marc Sparenberg

2015-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

436

Supersymmetric inversion of effective-range expansions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A complete and consistent inversion technique is proposed to derive an accurate interaction potential from an effective-range function for a given partial wave in the neutral case. First, the effective-range function is Taylor or Pad\\'e expanded, which allows high precision fitting of the experimental scattering phase shifts with a minimal number of parameters on a large energy range. Second, the corresponding poles of the scattering matrix are extracted in the complex wave-number plane. Third, the interaction potential is constructed with supersymmetric transformations of the radial Schr\\"odinger equation. As an illustration, the method is applied to the experimental phase shifts of the neutron-proton elastic scattering in the $^1S_0$ and $^1D_2$ channels on the $[0-350]$ MeV laboratory energy interval.

Midya, Bikashkali; Abramowicz, Sylvain; Surez, O L Ramrez; Sparenberg, Jean-Marc

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: The investigation of anomalous magnetization in the Raft River valley, Idaho Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Cassia County Idaho; clastic sediments; economic geology; exploration; geophysical methods; geophysical surveys; geothermal energy; gravel; ground methods; Idaho; isothermal remanent magnetization; magnetic anomalies; magnetic methods; magnetic properties; magnetic susceptibility; magnetization; paleomagnetism; Raft River basin; remanent magnetization; sediments; surveys; United States Author(s): Anderson, L.A.; Mabey, D.R. Published: Abstracts - Society of Exploration Geophysicists International

438

Modern Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... BATESS "Modern Magnetism", first published in 1939, is widely appreciated as a general survey in which ... grateful to the author for collecting together so much interesting information about recent work in magnetism. ...

E. C. S.

1948-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

439

Magnetism and magnetic materials probed with neutron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Neutron scattering techniques are becoming increasingly accessible to a broader range of scientific communities, in part due to the onset of next-generation, high-power spallation sources, high-performance, sophisticated instruments and data analysis tools. These technical advances also advantageously impact research into magnetism and magnetic materials, where neutrons play a major role. In this Current Perspective series, the achievements and future prospects of elastic and inelastic neutron scattering, polarized neutron reflectometry, small angle neutron scattering, and neutron imaging, are highlighted as they apply to research into magnetic frustration, superconductivity and magnetism at the nanoscale.

S.G.E. te Velthuis; C. Pappas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Magnetism of solid oxygen  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic susceptibilities of single-crystal ?-O2 and preferentially oriented polycrystalline samples of ?-O2 and ?-O2 have been measured, employing a mutual-inductance bridge method. The susceptibility of paramagnetic ?-O2 is isotropic and exhibits a temperature dependence which is not strictly Curie-Weiss, due to short-range correlations and partially hindered rotation. The susceptibility of ?-O2 exhibits very little anisotropy, but has an unusual temperature dependence which is probably due to the novel behavior of the lattice constants, modulation of inplane and out-of-plane exchange interactions, and short-range order. The susceptibility of anti-ferromagnetic ?-O2 is anisotropic, and data from five differently oriented samples have been analyzed in terms of principal antiferromagnetic susceptibilities. The data are consistent with the assumption that the easy axis is the twofold axis, b??, though the direction a?? cannot be excluded. A comprehensive analysis of the present susceptibility results and other magnetic, spectroscopic, and thermal measurements is made, with special reference to ?-O2. The perpendicular susceptibility implies an unreasonably large Nel temperature, 211 K, and a correspondingly large intersublattice exchange interaction, |J2|k=19.8 K. The effects of anisotropy and zeropoint spin deviations do not reduce this estimate by more than 15%. The temperature dependence of the parallel susceptibility suggests a much smaller value for the effective exchange interaction, |J|k=5.3 K, and appears to be well accounted for assuming a single spin-wave excitation. Antiferromagnetic resonance frequencies are analyzed and shown to yield, on assuming a dominant anisotropy equal to that of the free molecule, |J2|k=4.3 K. An approximate separation of lattice and magnetic heat capacities is effected, and a value |J|k=3.0 K deduced. The data appear to require the assumption of two spin-wave modes. Except for the perpendicular susceptibility, experimental results suggest a Nel temperature between 30 and 40 K. Meanfield and other theories lead to similar estimates, assuming that |J|k is between 3 and 4 K. The effect of the anisotropy on TN is minor, and no significant spin-shortening effect is predicted. Other experimental results are considered, and a disparate set of estimates for the exchange interaction and zone-boundary spin-wave energies is discussed. Including the effects of intrasublattice exchange interactions within the context of a two-sublattice model does not seem sufficient to remove the various discrepancies. An approximate calculation of relative overlap integrals and exchange interactions between different pairs of molecules in ?-O2 is made. It is suggested that a multisublattice model for the magnetic structure, and possibly one involving noncollinear sublattices, may provide an eventual resolution of the various difficulties. A "quasi-two-dimensional" description of ?-O2 is also considered, but appears not to offer a satisfactory explanation of the unusual and imperfectly correlated properties of this phase.

Gary C. DeFotis

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Migratory magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... in tune with the Earth's magnetic field. But how, exactly, do creatures sense magnetism? This is one of the most intriguing questions in modern biology - and also ... move preferentially in a north-south direction. This finding hints at the possible influence of magnetism on their movements. ...

Henry Gee

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

442

Multiple magnetic barriers in graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the behavior of charge carriers in graphene in inhomogeneous perpendicular magnetic fields. We consider two types of one-dimensional magnetic profiles, uniform in one direction: a sequence of N magnetic barriers and a sequence of alternating magnetic barriers and wells. In both cases, we compute the transmission coefficient of the magnetic structure by means of the transfer-matrix formalism and the associated conductance. In the first case the structure becomes increasingly transparent upon increasing N at fixed total magnetic flux. In the second case we find strong wave-vector filtering and resonant effects. We also calculate the band structure of a periodic magnetic superlattice and find a wave-vector-dependent gap around zero energy.

Luca DellAnna and Alessandro De Martino

2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

443

On the magnetic fields in voids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......estimate the transport of magnetic energy by cosmic rays (CR) from the...small fraction of the magnetic energy contained in the void galaxies...809. Longair M. S. High Energy Astrophysics (2010) Cambridge...Pogorelov N. V., Font J. A., Audit E., Zank G. P., eds......

A. M. Beck; M. Hanasz; H. Lesch; R.-S. Remus; F. A. Stasyszyn

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring and measurement of the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude, electric and magnetic polarizabilities  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the present paper the equations for the spin evolution of a particle in a storage ring are analyzed considering contributions from the tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the particle. Study of spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring provides for measurement as the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude as well as tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities. We proposed the method for measurement the real part of the elastic coherent zero-angle scattering amplitude of particles and nuclei in a storage ring by the paramagnetic resonance in the periodical in time nuclear pseudoelectric and pseudomagnetic fields.

V. G. Baryshevsky; A. A. Gurinovich

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

445

Magnetic Testing of Bonded Magnets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many techniques exist to characterize the magnetic properties of bonded magnets. We will review the common and not so common techniques in use, with emphasis on the advantages and disadvantages of each one, an...

S. R. Trout

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Experimental investigation of the trigger problem in magnetic reconnection  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic reconnection is a fundamental process in plasma physics, which involves the often explosive release of magnetically stored energy in both space and laboratory plasmas. In order for this sudden release of energy ...

Katz, Noam Karasov

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy-SMARRT): Surface/Near Surface Indication - Characterization of Surface Anomalies from Magnetic Particle and Liquid Penetrant Indications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The systematic study and characterization of surface indications has never been conducted. Producers and users of castings do not have any data on which they can reliably communicate the nature of these indications or their effect on the performance of parts. Clearly, the ultimate intent of any work in this area is to eliminate indications that do in fact degrade properties. However, it may be impractical physically and/or financially to eliminate all surface imperfections. This project focused on the ones that actually degrade properties. The initial work was to identify those that degrade properties. Accurate numerical simulations of casting service performance allow designers to use the geometric flexibility of castings and the superior properties of steel to produce lighter weight and more energy efficient components for transportation systems (cars and trucks), construction, and mining. Accurate simulations increase the net melting energy efficiency by improving casting yield and reducing rework and scrap. Conservatively assuming a 10% improvement in yield, approximately 1.33 x 1012 BTU/year can be saved with this technology. In addition, CO2 emissions will be reduced by approximately 117,050 tons per year.

Griffin, John [university of Alabama - Birmingham] [university of Alabama - Birmingham

2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

448

AFRD - Superconducting Magnets  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Superconducting Magnets Superconducting Magnets Home Organization Diversity Safety Links Gallery/History Updated July 2008 Ever-stronger magnets (which must be cost-effective as well) are a key to building tomorrow's high-energy accelerators and upgrading today's. Our role— not only a leading R&D group but also the administrators of the multi-institutional National Conductor Development Program— to create both evolutionary improvements and paradigm shifts in the application of accelerator magnets, providing innovative technology that enables new science. Improvements in conductor, innovative structures to solve the challenges of high fields and brittle superconductors, and integration of computerized design and analysis tools are key. The performance requirements of modern accelerators continue to press the

449

Energy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Energy ... Scientific Challenges in Sustainable Energy Technology, by Nathan S. Lewis of the California Institute of Technology, summarizes data on energy resources and analyses the implications for human society. ... ConfChem Conference on Educating the Next Generation: Green and Sustainable ChemistrySolar Energy: A Chemistry Course on Sustainability for General Science Education and Quantitative Reasoning ...

John W. Moore

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Photon Magnetic Moment and Vacuum Magnetization in an Asymptotically Large Magnetic Field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the effect of the photon radiative correction on the vacuum energy in a superstrong magnetic field. The notion of a photon anomalous magnetic moment is analyzed and its connection with the quasiparticle character of the electromagnetic radiation is established. In the infrared domain the magnetic moment turns out to be a vector with two orthogonal components in correspondence with the cylindrical symmetry imposed by the external field. The possibility of defining such quantity in the high energy limit is studied as well. Its existence suggests that the electromagnetic radiation is a source of magnetization to the whole vacuum and thus its electron-positron zero-point energy is slightly modified. The corresponding contribution to the vacuum magnetization density is determined by considering the individual contribution of each vacuum polarization eigenmode in the Euler-Heisenberg Lagrangian. A paramagnetic response is found in one of them, whereas the remaining ones are diamagnetic. Additional issues concerning the transverse pressures are analyzed.

Selym Villalba Chavez

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

451

Smart audio frequency energy flow control by magneto-sensitive rubber isolators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A magneto-sensitive rubber isolator inserted between a source and an infinite plate is modelled in the audible frequency range, and the energy flow into the plate with the rubber subjected to a magnetic field applied perpendicular to the axial displacement is calculated. Subsequently the result is compared to the corresponding energy flow for zero magnetic induction; upon the application of an external magnetic field the rubber becomes stiffer, thus shifting the internal resonances of the isolator. This is a fast and reversible process enabling adaption of the isolator to rapidly changing audio frequency conditions by simply turning on and off a magnetic field. In the application example considered, the energy flow into the plate at the first internal dynamic peak stiffness frequency is reduced by approximately 7dBa large difference in a sound and vibration contextby inducing magnetic saturation of the rubber.

Peter Blom; Leif Kari

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

The Total Energy Content  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The important message of RG theory [1] is that we have to attribute a specific symmetry to the continuous or infinite solid. Also, magnets with long range magnetic order show properties of an infinite system. Usi...

Dr. Ulrich Kbler; Dr. Andreas Hoser

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Magnetism and magnetotransport in disordered graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We perform Monte Carlo simulations to study the interplay of structural and magnetic order in single layer graphene covered with magnetic adatoms. We propose that the presence of ripples in the graphene structure can lead to clustering of the adatoms and to a variety of magnetic states such as superparamagnetism, antiferromagnetism, ferromagnetism and spin-glass behavior. We derive the magnetization hysteresis and also the magnetoresistance curves in the variable range hopping regime, which can provide experimental signatures for ripple induced clustering and magnetism. We propose that the magnetic states in graphene can be controlled by gate voltage and coverage fraction.

T. G. Rappoport; Bruno Uchoa; A. H. Castro Neto

2009-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

454

Magnetism in bcc cobalt  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Local-spin-density-approximation-based calculations, performed using a general-potential linearized augmented-plane-wave method, are presented for bcc Co. The ground-state properties and magnetization energies are reported. It is found that the moment is strongly suppressed in constrained antiferromagnetic calculations, indicating that a local-moment picture is less appropriate for this material than for bcc iron.

D. J. Singh

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Energy companies becoming energy service providers.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Energy efficiency is important but an energy saving potential has yet to reach its full range. Energy services are means to reach that (more)

Dahl, Elin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Design and experimental results on a terawatt magnetically controlled plasma opening switch  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The magnetically controlled plasma opening switch (MCPOS) is an advanced plasma opening switch that utilizes magnetic fields to improve operation. Magnetic fields always dominate terawatt, pulsed power plasma opening switches. For that reason, the MCPOS uses controlled applied magnetic fields with magnitude comparable to the self-magnetic field of the storage inductor. One applied field holds the plasma in place while energy accumulates in the storage inductor, then another applied field pushes the plasma away from the cathode to allow energy to flow downstream. Over a ten month period, an MCPOS was designed, built, and tested on DECADE Module 2 at Physics International. The peak drive current was 1.8 MA in 250 ns. The output parameters were up to 1 MA into an electron beam load. The radiation temporal pulse width averaged 60 nanoseconds full-width at half-maximum. The peak load voltage ranged from one to two megavolts. The experiments demonstrated efficient power flow through a long, low-impedance magnetically insulated transmission line between the magnetically controlled plasma opening switch and the load.

Savage, M.E.; Simpson, W.W.; Mendel, C.W. Jr.; McDaniel, D.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Levine, J.S.; Tucker, T.S. [Primex Physics International, San Leandro, CA (United States)

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

A COMPARISON OF THE CONDUCTOR REQUIREMENTS FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES MADE WITH IDEAL COIL GEOMETRIES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Program," Los AlamosWisconsin Superconductive Energy Storage Project. Y2!.l,J. J. Stekly, "Magnetic Energy Storage Using Superconducting

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Localized Magnetic States in Graphene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the conditions necessary for the presence of localized magnetic moments on adatoms with inner shell electrons in graphene. We show that the low density of states at the Dirac point, and the anomalous broadening of the adatom electronic level, lead to the formation of magnetic moments for arbitrarily small local charging energy. As a result, we obtain an anomalous scaling of the boundary separating magnetic and nonmagnetic states. We show that, unlike any other material, the formation of magnetic moments can be controlled by an electric field effect.

Bruno Uchoa; Valeri N. Kotov; N. M. R. Peres; A. H. Castro Neto

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

459

Rotational and magnetic shunt permanent magnet quadrupoles with variable magnetic strength  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Next Linear Collider (NLC) and Very Large Hadron Collider (VLHC) projects suppose to use permanent magnets as bending, focusing and correcting elements. Prototypes of two permanent magnet quadrupoles with variable strength were built and successfully tested in Fermilab. Quadrupoles have 12.7 mm aperture diameter, 100 T/m gradient with an adjustment range of 0 to -20%. Special designs provide high precision magnetic center stability during strength change. SmCo5 permanent magnet bricks were used in these prototypes. Rotational quadrupole consists of four sections. Two central sections are rotated in counter directions to adjust the strength. Magnetic shunt quadrupole design provides variable shunting of the magnetic flux. The numerical simulation, designs, measuring results are described.

Vladimir Kashikhin et al.

2002-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

460

Ion flux from vacuum arc cathode spots in the absence and presence of a magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Because plasma production at vacuum cathode spots is approximately proportional to the arc current, arc current modulation can be used to generate ion current modulation that can be detected far from the spot using a negatively biased ion collector. The drift time to the ion detector can used to determine kinetic ion energies. A very wide range of cathode materials have been used. It has been found that the kinetic ion energy is higher at the beginning of each discharge and approximately constant after 150 {micro}s. The kinetic energy is correlated with the arc voltage and the cohesive energy of the cathode material. The ion erosion rate has in inverse relation to the cohesive energy, enhancing the effect that the power input per plasma particle correlates with the cohesive energy of the cathode material. The influence of three magnetic field configurations on the kinetic energy has been investigated. Generally, a magnetic field increases the plasma impedance, arc burning voltage, and kinetic ion energy. However, if the plasma is produced in a region of low field strength and streaming into a region of higher field strength, the velocity may decrease due to the mirror effect. A magnetic field can increase the plasma temperature but may reduce the density gradients by preventing free expansion into vacuum. Therefore, depending on the configuration, a magnetic field may increase or decrease the kinetic energy of ions. Additionally, the angular distribution of the ion flux and ion kinetic energy has been investigated in the absence of an external magnetic field. The result can be fitted by a superposition of an isotropic and a cosine distribution.

Anders, Andre; Yushkov, George Yu.

2001-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magnet energy range" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines. 3 figs.

Kerns, J.A.; Stone, R.R.; Fabyan, J.

1987-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

462

Magnetic shielding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A magnetically-conductive filler material bridges the gap between a multi-part magnetic shield structure which substantially encloses a predetermined volume so as to minimize the ingress or egress of magnetic fields with respect to that volume. The filler material includes a heavy concentration of single-magnetic-domain-sized particles of a magnetically conductive material (e.g. soft iron, carbon steel or the like) dispersed throughout a carrier material which is generally a non-magnetic material that is at least sometimes in a plastic or liquid state. The maximum cross-sectional particle dimension is substantially less than the nominal dimension of the gap to be filled. An epoxy base material (i.e. without any hardening additive) low volatility vacuum greases or the like may be used for the carrier material. The structure is preferably exposed to the expected ambient magnetic field while the carrier is in a plastic or liquid state so as to facilitate alignment of the single-magnetic-domain-sized particles with the expected magnetic field lines.

Kerns, John A. (Livermore, CA); Stone, Roger R. (Walnut Creek, CA); Fabyan, Joseph (Livermore, CA)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Strange Magnetism  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present an analytic and parameter-free expression for the momentum dependence of the strange magnetic form factor of the nucleon and its corresponding radius which has been derived in Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory. We also discuss a model-independent relation between the isoscalar magnetic and the strange magnetic form factors of the nucleon based on chiral symmetry and SU(3) only. These limites are used to derive bounds on the strange magnetic moment of the proton from the recent measurement by the SAMPLE collaboration.

Thomas R. Hemmert; Ulf-G. Meissner; Sven Steininger

1998-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

464

Optical Magnetism  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Magnetic dipole radiation one fourth as intense as electric dipole radiation, as well as a novel nonlinear magneto-optical effect are reported in dielectric media.

Oliveira, Samuel L; Rand, Stephen C

465

Reversible collisionless magnetic reconnection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Reversible magnetic reconnection is demonstrated for the first time by means of gyrokinetic numerical simulations of a collisionless magnetized plasma. Growth of a current-driven instability in a sheared magnetic field is accompanied by magnetic reconnection due to electron inertia effects. Following the instability growth, the collisionless reconnection is accelerated with development of a cross-shaped structure of current density, and then all field lines are reconnected. The fully reconnected state is followed by the secondary reconnection resulting in a weakly turbulent state. A time-reversed simulation starting from the turbulent state manifests that the collisionless reconnection process proceeds inversely leading to the initial state. During the reversed reconnection, the kinetic energy is reconverted into the original magnetic field energy. In order to understand the stability of reversed process, an external perturbation is added to the fully reconnected state, and it is found that the accelerated reconnection is reversible when the deviation of the E B streamlines due to the perturbation is comparable with or smaller than a current layer width.

Ishizawa, A.; Watanabe, T.-H. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)] [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki 509-5292 (Japan)

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Magnetic Field Safety Magnetic Field Safety  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Magnetic Field Safety Training #12;Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain medical conditions such as pacemakers, magnetic implants, or embedded shrapnel. In addition, high magnetic

McQuade, D. Tyler

467

Ramesh Gupta | Superconducting Magnet Division  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ramesh Gupta Ramesh Gupta Ramesh Gupta has always been a leader in the world of superconducting magnets, which are essential to great modern accelerators such as the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL, and the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Switzerland. For the past decade, Lab researchers have been exploring the use of new materials that become superconducting at higher temperatures. Gupta, head of the High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) Research and Development Group in the Superconducting Magnet Division, is among those exploring avenues for HTS magnets that are energy efficient and have magnetic fields that are a million times stronger than the Earth's. These new magnets could revolutionize use in future accelerators, play a key role in energy efficiency and storage, and make possible new

468

Magnetic Field Safety Training  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Safety Training Magnetic Field Safety Strong Magnetic Fields exist around energized magnets. High magnetic fields alone are a recognized hazard only for personnel with certain...

469

MAGNETIC NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Much of our understanding of the atomic-scale magnetic structure and the dynamical properties of solids and liquids was gained from neutron-scattering studies. Elastic and inelastic neutron spectroscopy provided physicists with an unprecedented, detailed access to spin structures, magnetic-excitation spectra, soft-modes and critical dynamics at magnetic-phase transitions, which is unrivaled by other experimental techniques. Because the neutron has no electric charge, it is an ideal weakly interacting and highly penetrating probe of matter's inner structure and dynamics. Unlike techniques using photon electric fields or charged particles (e.g., electrons, muons) that significantly modify the local electronic environment, neutron spectroscopy allows determination of a material's intrinsic, unperturbed physical properties. The method is not sensitive to extraneous charges, electric fields, and the imperfection of surface layers. Because the neutron is a highly penetrating and non-destructive probe, neutron spectroscopy can probe the microscopic properties of bulk materials (not just their surface layers) and study samples embedded in complex environments, such as cryostats, magnets, and pressure cells, which are essential for understanding the physical origins of magnetic phenomena. Neutron scattering is arguably the most powerful and versatile experimental tool for studying the microscopic properties of the magnetic materials. The magnitude of the cross-section of the neutron magnetic scattering is similar to the cross-section of nuclear scattering by short-range nuclear forces, and is large enough to provide measurable scattering by the ordered magnetic structures and electron spin fluctuations. In the half-a-century or so that has passed since neutron beams with sufficient intensity for scattering applications became available with the advent of the nuclear reactors, they have became indispensable tools for studying a variety of important areas of modern science, ranging from large-scale structures and dynamics of polymers and biological systems, to electronic properties of today's technological materials. Neutron scattering developed into a vast field, encompassing many different experimental techniques aimed at exploring different aspects of matter's atomic structure and dynamics. Modern magnetic neutron scattering includes several specialized techniques designed for specific studies and/or particular classes of materials. Among these are magnetic reflectometry aimed at investigating surfaces, interfaces, and multilayers, small-angle scattering for the large-scale structures, such as a vortex lattice in a superconductor, and neutron spin-echo spectroscopy for glasses and polymers. Each of these techniques and many others offer exciting opportunities for examining magnetism and warrant extensive reviews, but the aim of this chapter is not to survey how different neutron-scattering methods are used to examine magnetic properties of different materials. Here, we concentrate on reviewing the basics of the magnetic neutron scattering, and on the recent developments in applying one of the oldest methods, the triple axis spectroscopy, that still is among the most extensively used ones. The developments discussed here are new and have not been coherently reviewed. Chapter 2 of this book reviews magnetic small-angle scattering, and modern techniques of neutron magnetic reflectometry are discussed in Chapter 3.

ZALIZNYAK,I.A.; LEE,S.H.

2004-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

470

Exploring Ultrahigh Magnetic Field Processing of Materials for Developing Customized Microstructures and Enhanced Performance  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermodynamic calculations based on Gibbs free energy in the magnetization-magnetic intensity-temperature (M-H-T) magnetic equation of state space demonstrate that significantly different phase equilibria may result for those material systems where the product and parent phases exhibit different magnetization responses. These calculations show that the Gibbs free energy is changed by a factor equal to -MdH, where M and H are the magnetization and applied field strength, respectively. Magnetic field processing is directly applicable to a multitude of alloys and compounds for dramatically influencing phase stability and phase transformations. This ability to selectively control microstructural stability and alter transformation kinetics through appropriate selection of the magnetic field strength promises to provide a very robust mechanism for developing and tailoring enhanced microstructures (and even nanostructures through accelerated kinetics) with superior properties for a broad spectrum of material applications. For this Industrial Materials for the Future (IMF) Advanced Materials for the Future project, ferrous alloys were studied initially since this alloy family exhibits ferromagnetism over part of its temperature range of stability and therefore would demonstrate the maximum impact of this novel processing mechanism. Additionally, with these ferrous alloys, the high-temperature parent phase, austenite, exhibits a significantly different magnetization response from the potential product phases, ferrite plus carbide or martensite; and therefore, the solid-state transformation behavior of these alloys will be dramatically influenced by the presence of ultrahigh magnetic fields. Finally, a thermodynamic calculation capability (within ThermoCalc for example) was developed during this project to enable parametric studies to be performed to predict the magnitude of the influence of magnetic processing variables on the phase stability (phase diagrams) in ferromagnetic materials of relevance to the Industries of the Future (IOF).

Ludtka, GERALD M.

2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

471

Extended range chemical sensing apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus is described for sensing chemicals over extended range of concentrations. In particular, first and second sensors each having separate, but overlapping ranges for sensing concentrations of hydrogen are provided. Preferably, the first sensor is a MOS solid state device wherein the metal electrode or gate is a nickel alloy. The second sensor is a chemiresistor comprising a nickel alloy. 6 figures.

Hughes, R.C.; Schubert, W.K.

1994-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

472

Optimum Transmission Range for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to determine the optimal transmission range that gives the maximum efficiency of energy consumption. Different, and security issues, we inves- tigate the efficiency of energy consumption of wireless ad hoc networks there are studies on increasing battery capacity and reducing the energy consumption of system opera- tion and data

Deng, Jing

473

On Magnetized Neutron Stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we review the formalism normally used in the literature about the effects of density-dependent magnetic fields on the properties of neutron stars, expose some ambiguities that arise and propose a way to solve the related problem. Our approach uses a different prescription for the calculation of the pressure based on the chaotic field formalism for the stress tensor and also a different way of introducing a variable magnetic field, which depends on the energy density rather than on the baryonic density.

Lopes, Luiz L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z