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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

HYDROGEN AND DEUTERIUM NMR OF SOLIDS BY MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nuclear magnetic resonance of solids has long been characterized by very large spectral broadening which arises from internuclear dipole-dipole coupling or the nuclear electric quadrupole interaction. These couplings can obscure the smaller chemical shift interaction and make that information unavailable. Two important and difficult cases are that of hydrogen and deuterium. For example, the homonuclear dipolar broadening, HD, for hydrogen is usually several tens of kilohertz. For deuterium, HD is relatively small; however, the quadrupole interaction causes a broadening which can be hundreds of kilohertz in polycrystalline or amorphous solids. The development of cross polarization, heteronuclear radiofrequency decoupling, and coherent averaging of nuclear spin interactions has provided measurement of chemical shift tensors in solids. Recently, double quantum NMR and double quantum decoupling have led to measurement of deuterium and proton chemical shift tensors, respectively. A general problem of these experiments is the overlapping of the tensor powder pattern spectra of magnetically distinct sites which cannot be resolved. In this work, high resolution NMR of hydrogen and deuterium in solids is demonstrated. For both nuclei, the resonances are narrowed to obtain liquid-like isotropic spectra by high frequency rotation of the sample about an axis inclined at the magic angle, {beta}{sub m} = Arccos(3{sup -1/2}), with respect to the direction of the external magnetic field. Two approaches have been developed for each nucleus. For deuterium, the powder spectra were narrowed by over three orders of magnitude by magic angle rotation with precise control of {beta}. A second approach was the observation of deuterium double quantum transitions under magic angle rotation. For hydrogen, magic angle rotation alone could be applied to obtain the isotropic spectrum when H{sub D} was small. This often occurs naturally when the nuclei are semi-dilute or involved in internal motion. In the general case of large H{sub D}, isotropic spectra were obtained by dilution of {sup 1}H with {sup 2}H combined with magic angle rotation. The resolution obtained represents the practical limit for proton NMR of solids. Theoretical and technical aspects are described in the text with comments on the application of the principles to other nuclei of interest.

Eckman, R.R.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Mobility of organic pollutants in soil components. What role can magic angle spinning NMR play?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mobility of organic pollutants in soil components. What role can magic angle spinning NMR play? C resonance (NMR) spectroscopy on dry samples. We recently demonstrated the potential of the 1 H high resolution magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR technique to study such mechanisms in situ on highly hydrated

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

3

High-pressure Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-pressure magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR capability, consisting of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor, a high-pressure loading/reaction chamber for in situ sealing and re-opening of the high-pressure MAS rotor, and a MAS probe with a localized RF coil for background signal suppression, is reported. The unusual technical challenges associated with development of a reusable high-pressure MAS rotor are addressed in part by modifying standard ceramics for the rotor sleeve to include micro-groves at the internal surface at both ends of the cylinder. In this way, not only is the advantage of ceramic cylinders for withstanding very high-pressure utilized, but also plastic bushings can be glued tightly in place so that other plastic sealing mechanisms/components and O-rings can be mounted to create the desired high-pressure seal. Using this strategy, sealed internal pressures exceeding 150 bars have been achieved and sustained under ambient external pressure with minimal penetration loss of pressure for 72 hours. As an application example, in situ 13C MAS NMR studies of mineral carbonation reaction intermediates and final products of forsterite (Mg2SiO4) reacted with supercritical CO2 and H2O at 150 bar and 50?C are reported, with relevance to geological sequestration of carbon dioxide.

Hoyt, David W.; Turcu, Romulus VF; Sears, Jesse A.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Burton, Sarah D.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Hu, Jian Z.

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Cryogenic sample exchange NMR probe for magic angle spinning dynamic nuclear polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a cryogenic sample exchange system that dramatically improves the efficiency of magic angle spinning (MAS) dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) experiments by reducing the time required to change samples and by ...

Barnes, Alexander B.

5

High Temperature, Large Sample Volume, Constant Flow Magic Angle Spinning NMR Probe for a 11  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

High Temperature, Large Sample Volume, Constant Flow Magic Angle Spinning NMR Probe for a High Temperature, Large Sample Volume, Constant Flow Magic Angle Spinning NMR Probe for a 11.7 T Magnetic Field for In Situ Catalytic Reaction Characterization Project start date: April 1, 2007 EMSL Lead Investigator: Joseph Ford, EMSL High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility Co-investigators: Jian Zhi Hu, Macromolecular Structure and Dynamics, Biological Science Division, FCSD Jesse Sears and David W. Hoyt, EMSL High Field Magnetic Resonance Facility Detailed understanding of the mechanisms involved in a catalytic reaction requires identification of the nature of the active sites and the temporal evolution of reaction intermediates. Although optical methods such as UV-visible and infrared (IR) spectroscopies can be used for some types of reactions, these do not

6

Hydrogen and deuterium NMR of solids by magic-angle spinning  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The nuclear magnetic resonance of solids has long been characterized by very large specral broadening which arises from internuclear dipole-dipole coupling or the nuclear electric quadrupole interaction. These couplings can obscure the smaller chemical shift interaction and make that information unavailable. Two important and difficult cases are that of hydrogen and deuterium. The development of cross polarization, heteronuclear radiofrequency decoupling, and coherent averaging of nuclear spin interactions has provided measurement of chemical shift tensors in solids. Recently, double quantum NMR and double quantum decoupling have led to measurement of deuterium and proton chemical shift tensors, respectively. A general problem of these experiments is the overlapping of the tensor powder pattern spectra of magnetically distinct sites which cannot be resolved. In this work, high resolution NMR of hydrogen and deuterium in solids is demonstrated. For both nuclei, the resonances are narrowed to obtain liquid-like isotropic spectra by high frequency rotation of the sample about an axis inclined at the magic angle, ..beta../sub m/ = Arccos (3/sup -1/2/), with respect to the direction of the external magnetic field. For deuterium, the powder spectra were narrowed by over three orders of magnitude by magic angle rotation with precise control of ..beta... A second approach was the observation of deuterium double quantum transitions under magic angle rotation. For hydrogen, magic angle rotation alone could be applied to obtain the isotropic spectrum when H/sub D/ was small. This often occurs naturally when the nuclei are semi-dilute or involved in internal motion. In the general case of large H/sub D/, isotropic spectra were obtained by dilution of /sup 1/H with /sup 2/H combined with magic angle rotation. The resolution obtained represents the practical limit for proton NMR of solids.

Eckman, R.R.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Localized in Vivo Isotropic-Anisotropic Correlation 1H NMR Spectroscopy Using Ultraslow Magic Angle Spinning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous work has shown that it is possible to separate the susceptibility broadening in the 1H NMR metabolite spectrum obtained in a live mouse from the isotropic information, thus significantly increasing the spectral resolution. This was achieved using ultra-slow magic angle spinning of the animal combined with a modified phase-corrected magic angle turning (PHORMAT) pulse sequence. However, PHORMAT cannot be used for spatially selective spectroscopy. In this article a modified sequence called LOCMAT (localized magic angle turning) is introduced that makes this possible. Proton LOCMAT spectra are shown for the liver and heart of a live mouse, while spinning the animal at a speed of 4 Hz in a 2 Tesla field. It was found that even in this relatively low field LOCMAT provided isotropic line widths that are a factor 4-10 times smaller than the ones obtained in a stationary animal, and that the susceptibility broadening of the heart metabolites shows unusual features not observed for a dead animal. Finally, the limitations of LOCMAT and possible ways to improve the technique are discussed. It is concluded that in vivo LOCMAT can significantly enhance the utility of NMR spectroscopy for biomedical research.

Wind, Robert A.; Hu, Jian Zhi; Majors, Paul D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Rotor Design for High Pressure Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High pressure magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) with a sample spinning rate exceeding 2.1 kHz and pressure greater than 165 bar has never been realized. In this work, a new sample cell design is reported, suitable for constructing cells of different sizes. Using a 7.5 mm high pressure MAS rotor as an example, internal pressure as high as 200 bar at a sample spinning rate of 6 kHz is achieved. The new high pressure MAS rotor is re-usable and compatible with most commercial NMR set-ups, exhibiting low 1H and 13C NMR background and offering maximal NMR sensitivity. As an example of its many possible applications, this new capability is applied to determine reaction products associated with the carbonation reaction of a natural mineral, antigorite ((Mg,Fe2+)3Si2O5(OH)4), in contact with liquid water in water-saturated supercritical CO2 (scCO2) at 150 bar and 50 ?C. This mineral is relevant to the deep geologic disposal of CO2, but its iron content results in too many sample spinning sidebands at low spinning rate. Hence, this chemical system is a good case study to demonstrate the utility of the higher sample spinning rates that can be achieved by our new rotor design. We expect this new capability will be useful for exploring solid-state, including interfacial, chemistry at new levels of high-pressure in a wide variety of fields.

Turcu, Romulus VF; Hoyt, David W.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Sears, Jesse A.; Loring, John S.; Felmy, Andrew R.; Hu, Jian Z.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Spinning angle optical calibration apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical calibration apparatus is provided for calibrating and reproducing spinning angles in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An illuminated magnifying apparatus enables optical setting an accurate reproducing of spinning "magic angles" in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy experiments. A reference mark scribed on an edge of a spinning angle test sample holder is illuminated by a light source and viewed through a magnifying scope. When the "magic angle" of a sample material used as a standard is attained by varying the angular position of the sample holder, the coordinate position of the reference mark relative to a graduation or graduations on a reticle in the magnifying scope is noted. Thereafter, the spinning "magic angle" of a test material having similar nuclear properties to the standard is attained by returning the sample holder back to the originally noted coordinate position.

Beer, Stephen K. (Morgantown, WV); Pratt, II, Harold R. (Morgantown, WV)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Spinning angle optical calibration apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical calibration apparatus is provided for calibrating and reproducing spinning angles in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. An illuminated magnifying apparatus enables optical setting and accurate reproducing of spinning magic angles in cross-polarization, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy experiments. A reference mark scribed on an edge of a spinning angle test sample holder is illuminated by a light source and viewed through a magnifying scope. When the magic angle of a sample material used as a standard is attained by varying the angular position of the sample holder, the coordinate position of the reference mark relative to a graduation or graduations on a reticle in the magnifying scope is noted. Thereafter, the spinning magic angle of a test material having similar nuclear properties to the standard is attained by returning the sample holder back to the originally noted coordinate position. 2 figs.

Beer, S.K.; Pratt, H.R. II.

1989-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

11

IN SITU MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NMR FOR STUDYING GEOLOGICAL CO(2) SEQUESTRATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geological carbon sequestration (GCS) is one of the most promising ways of mitigating atmospheric greenhouse gases (1-3). Mineral carbonation reactions are potentially important to the long-term sealing effectiveness of caprock but remain poorly predictable, particularly in low-water supercritical CO2 (scCO2)-dominated environments where the chemistry has not been adequately explored. In situ probes that provide molecular-level information is desirable for investigating mechanisms and rates of GCS mineral carbonation reactions. MAS-NMR is a powerful tool for obtaining detailed molecular structure and dynamics information of a system regardless whether the system is in a solid, a liquid, a gaseous, or a supercritical state, or a mixture thereof (4,5). However, MAS NMR under scCO2 conditions has never been realized due to the tremendous technical difficulties of achieving and maintaining high pressure within a fast spinning MAS rotor (6,7), where non-metal materials must be used. In this work, we report development of a unique high pressure MAS NMR capability, and its application to mineral carbonation chemistry in scCO2 under geologically relevant temperatures and pressures.

Hoyt, David W.; Turcu, Romulus VF; Sears, Jesse A.; Rosso, Kevin M.; Burton, Sarah D.; Kwak, Ja Hun; Felmy, Andrew R.; Hu, Jian Z.

2011-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Large Sample Volume Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Probe for In-Situ Investigations with Constant Flow of Reactants  

SciTech Connect

A large-sample-volume constant-flow magic angle sample spinning (CF-MAS) NMR probe is reported for in-situ studies of the reaction dynamics, stable intermediates/transition states, and mechanisms of catalytic reactions. In our approach, the reactants are introduced into the catalyst bed using a fixed tube at one end of the MAS rotor while a second fixed tube, linked to a vacuum pump, is attached at the other end of the rotor. The pressure difference between both ends of the catalyst bed inside the sample cell space forces the reactants flowing through the catalyst bed, which improves the diffusion of the reactants and products. This design allows the use of a large sample volume for enhanced sensitivity and thus permitting in-situ 13C CF-MAS studies at natural abundance. As an example of application, we show that reactants, products and reaction transition states associated with the 2-butanol dehydration reaction over a mesoporous silicalite supported heteropoly acid catalyst (HPA/meso-silicalite-1) can all be detected in a single 13C CF-MAS NMR spectrum at natural abundance. Coke products can also be detected at natural 13C abundance and under the stopped flow condition. Furthermore, 1H CF-MAS NMR is used to identify the surface functional groups of HPA/meso-silicalite-1 under the condition of in-situ drying . We also show that the reaction dynamics of 2-butanol dehydration using HPA/meso-silicalite-1 as a catalyst can be explored using 1H CF-MAS NMR.

Hu, Jian Z.; Sears, Jesse A.; Mehta, Hardeep S.; Ford, Joseph J.; Kwak, Ja Hun; Zhu, Kake; Wang, Yong; Liu, Jun; Hoyt, David W.; Peden, Charles HF

2012-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

13

Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles Loaded with Surfactant: Low Temperature Magic Angle Spinning 13C and 29Si NMR Enhanced by Dynamic Nuclear Polarization  

SciTech Connect

We show that dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) can be used to enhance NMR signals of 13C and 29Si nuclei located in mesoporous organic/inorganic hybrid materials, at several hundreds of nanometers from stable radicals (TOTAPOL) trapped in the surrounding frozen disordered water. The approach is demonstrated using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN), functionalized with 3-(N-phenylureido)propyl (PUP) groups, filled with the surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The DNP-enhanced proton magnetization is transported into the mesopores via 1H–1H spin diffusion and transferred to rare spins by cross-polarization, yielding signal enhancements ?on/off of around 8. When the CTAB molecules are extracted, so that the radicals can enter the mesopores, the enhancements increase to ?on/off ? 30 for both nuclei. A quantitative analysis of the signal enhancements in MSN with and without surfactant is based on a one-dimensional proton spin diffusion model. The effect of solvent deuteration is also investigated.

Lafon, Olivier [Universite de Lille Nord de France; Thankamony, Aany S. Lilly [Universite de Lille Nord de France; Kokayashi, Takeshi [Ames Laboratory; Carnevale, Diego [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne; Vitzthum, Veronika [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne; Slowing, Igor I. [Ames Laboratory; Kandel, Kapil [Ames Laboratory; Vezin, Herve [Universite de Lille Nord de France; Amoureux, Jean-Paul [Universite de Lille Nord de France; Bodenhausen, Geoffrey [Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne; Pruski, Marek [Ames Laboratory

2012-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

14

Slow Magic Angle Spinning - Available Technologies - PNNL  

The technique has also been successfully used to obtain relatively well-resolved spectral data from the liver and heart of a live mouse.

15

Methods for magnetic resonance analysis using magic angle technique  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods of performing a magnetic resonance analysis of a biological object are disclosed that include placing the object in a main magnetic field (that has a static field direction) and in a radio frequency field; rotating the object at a frequency of less than about 100 Hz around an axis positioned at an angle of about 54.degree.44' relative to the main magnetic static field direction; pulsing the radio frequency to provide a sequence that includes a phase-corrected magic angle turning pulse segment; and collecting data generated by the pulsed radio frequency. In particular embodiments the method includes pulsing the radio frequency to provide at least two of a spatially selective read pulse, a spatially selective phase pulse, and a spatially selective storage pulse. Further disclosed methods provide pulse sequences that provide extended imaging capabilities, such as chemical shift imaging or multiple-voxel data acquisition.

Hu, Jian Zhi (Richland, WA); Wind, Robert A. (Kennewick, WA); Minard, Kevin R. (Kennewick, WA); Majors, Paul D. (Kennewick, WA)

2011-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

16

Discrete magic angle turning system, apparatus, and process for in situ magnetic resonance spectroscopy and imaging  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Described are a "Discrete Magic Angle Turning" (DMAT) system, devices, and processes that combine advantages of both magic angle turning (MAT) and magic angle hopping (MAH) suitable, e.g., for in situ magnetic resonance spectroscopy and/or imaging. In an exemplary system, device, and process, samples are rotated in a clockwise direction followed by an anticlockwise direction of exactly the same amount. Rotation proceeds through an angle that is typically greater than about 240 degrees but less than or equal to about 360 degrees at constant speed for a time applicable to the evolution dimension. Back and forth rotation can be synchronized and repeated with a special radio frequency (RF) pulse sequence to produce an isotropic-anisotropic shift 2D correlation spectrum. The design permits tubes to be inserted into the sample container without introducing plumbing interferences, further allowing control over such conditions as temperature, pressure, flow conditions, and feed compositions, thus permitting true in-situ investigations to be carried out.

Hu, Jian Zhi (Richland, WA); Sears, Jr., Jesse A. (Kennewick, WA); Hoyt, David W. (Richland, WA); Wind, Robert A. (Kennewick, WA)

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

17

Solid effect in magic angle spinning dynamic nuclear polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For over five decades, the solid effect (SE) has been heavily utilized as a mechanism for performing dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP). Nevertheless, it has not found widespread application in contemporary, high magnetic ...

Smith, Albert A.

18

HYDROGEN AND DEUTERIUM NMR OF SOLIDS BY MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

6) rotor cap, (7) gas bearing inlet hole, (8) turbine driverotor axis sta- bility for the deuterium experiments (29). turbineturbine drive gas inlet hole. De1rin and Kel-F polymers. for rotor

Eckman, R.R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

NMR in rotating magnetic fields: Magic angle field spinning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to High- Resolution ex Situ NMR Spectroscopy”, Science, 293,A. Pines, “High- resolution NMR of biological tissues usingP. Mansfield and P. G. Morris, “NMR Imaging in Biomedicine”,

Sakellariou, D.; Meriles, C.; Martin, R.; Pines, A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Accurate Determination of Interstrand Distances and Alignment in Amyloid Fibrils by Magic Angle Spinning NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amyloid fibrils are structurally ordered aggregates of proteins whose formation is associated with many neurodegenerative and other diseases. For that reason, their high-resolution structures are of considerable interest ...

Bajaj, Vikram S.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Structural Characterization of GNNQQNY Amyloid Fibrils by Magic Angle Spinning NMR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Several human diseases are associated with the formation of amyloid aggregates, but experimental characterization of these amyloid fibrils and their oligomeric precursors has remained challenging. Experimental and computational ...

Griffin, Robert Guy

22

Magic Angle Spinning NMR Analysis of ?[subscript 2]-Microglobulin Amyloid Fibrils in Two Distinct Morphologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?[subscript 2]-Microglobulin (?[subscript 2]m) is the major structural component of amyloid fibrils deposited in a condition known as dialysis-related amyloidosis. Despite numerous studies that have elucidated important ...

Debelouchina, Galia Tzvetanova

23

High-resolution NMR spectroscopy of biological tissues using projected Magic Angle Spinning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-resolution NMR spectroscopy of biological tissues using486-5744 pines@berkeley.edu NMR spectroscopy of biologicalAbstract: High-resolution NMR spectra of materials subject

Martin, Rachel W.; Jachmann, Rebecca C.; Sakellariou, Dimitris; Nielsen, Ulla Gro; Pines, Alexander

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

IN-SITU MAGIC ANGLE SPINNING NMR INVESTIGATIONS ON CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF BIOGENIC MOLECULES IN THE PRESENCE OF AQUEOUS WATER  

SciTech Connect

The catalyzed conversion of biomass to hydrocarbon energy carriers requires a cascade of reactions that deconstruct and reduce the polymeric, highly oxofunctionalized biomass material. While lignin is the most intractable component of lignocellulose, its conversion to useful products is key in this catalytic chemistry, because the carbon in lignin is the most reduced one in lignocellulose. This chemistry faces steep challenges, as most of the reactions have to be performed in an aqueous environment under conditions that are highly corrosive towards catalysts. The anticipated scale of the transformations demands that the complex catalysts involved be highly efficient, stable, regenerable, and economically viable catalysts. Currently, none of the known heterogeneous solid catalysts meets these requirements. In order to develop new catalysts satisfying these requirements, a fundamental understanding of the active centers, reaction intermediates and reaction dynamics/kinetics associated with the multi-step conversion of biomass/biomass components, or biomass related polar molecules, i.e., the precursor molecules to fuels, on multifunctional catalytic surfaces is critically needed.

Hu, Mary Y.; Feng, Ju; Camaioni, Donald M.; Turcu, Romulus VF; Peden, Charles HF; Lercher, Johannes A.; Hu, Jian Z.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Amyloid fibril structure of peptides and proteins by magic angle spinning NMR spectroscopy and dynamic nuclear polarization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Amyloid fibrils are insoluble, non-crystalline protein filaments associated with a number of diseases such as Alzheimer's and Type Il diabetes. They can have a functional role in different organisms and many proteins and ...

Debelouchina, Galia Tzvetanova

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Magic angle spinning NMR applied to membrane protein 2D crystals : the structure and function of VDAC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Membrane proteins mediate critical functions in biological systems and are important drug targets for a number of diseases. Determining the three-dimensional structure and function of membrane proteins under physologically ...

Eddy, Matthew T. (Matthew Thomas)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Carbon-13 chemical shift tensor correlation via spin diffusion in solid tropolone using switched-angle spinning spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Carbon-13 chemical shift tensor correlation via spin diffusion in solid tropolone using switched-dimensional exchange spectroscopy in order to correlate carbon-13 chemical shift tensors of the carbonyl 1 and hydroxyl 2 carbons of tropolone. Experiments were performed on a sample enriched to 25 at. % in each

Pines, Alexander

28

PJMRprobe for dynamic-angle spinning K. T. Mueller, G. C. Chingas, and A. Pines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with a pulley attached to the probehead and coupled to a stepping motor outside of the magnet. The choice of a superconducting magnet. This allows the refocusing of nuclear spin magnetization that evolves under anisotropic of motor and gear ratio is based on an analysis of the moments of inertia of the motor and load

Pines, Alexander

29

BNL | MAGIC Updates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

In the News A 'Magical' Opportunity, ARM Blog, Field Notes, August 2, 2013 An 'Uneventful' Leg During MAGIC, ARM Blog, Field Notes, July 24, 2013 Fourth of July Fireworks after a...

30

Investigation of Mechanical Activation on Li-N-H Systems Using 6Li Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance at Ultra-High Field  

SciTech Connect

Abstract The significantly enhanced spectral resolution in the 6Li MAS NMR spectra of Li-N-H systems at ultra-high field of 21.1 tesla is exploited, for the first time, to study the detailed electronic and chemical environmental changes associated with mechanical activation of Li-N-H system using high energy balling milling. Complementary to ultra-high field studies, the hydrogen discharge dynamics are investigated using variable temperature in situ 1H MAS NMR at 7.05 tesla field. The significantly enhanced spectral resolution using ultra-high filed of 21.1 tesla was demonstrated along with several major findings related to mechanical activation, including the upfield shift of the resonances in 6Li MAS spectra induced by ball milling, more efficient mechanical activation with ball milling at liquid nitrogen temperature than with ball milling at room temperature, and greatly enhanced hydrogen discharge exhibited by the liquid nitrogen ball milled samples.

Hu, Jian Zhi; Kwak, Ja Hun; Yang, Zhenguo; Osborn, William; Markmaitree, Tippawan; Shaw, Leonard D.

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

31

Magical experiences in interaction design  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a description of design experiments performed to investigate the use of magical experiences in interaction design of consumer electronics. Magical experiences are usually associated with a passive audience watching a magician, but it is ...

Sam de Jongh Hepworth

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring and measurement of the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude, electric and magnetic polarizabilities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present paper the equations for the spin evolution of a particle in a storage ring are analyzed considering contributions from the tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the particle. Study of spin rotation and birefringence effect for a particle in a high energy storage ring provides for measurement as the real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude as well as tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities. We proposed the method for measurement the real part of the elastic coherent zero-angle scattering amplitude of particles and nuclei in a storage ring by the paramagnetic resonance in the periodical in time nuclear pseudoelectric and pseudomagnetic fields.

V. G. Baryshevsky; A. A. Gurinovich

2005-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

33

Solar Magic | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magic Magic Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Solar Magic Name Solar Magic Address 3350 Thomas Rd. Place Santa Clara, California Zip 95054 Sector Solar Product solar magic power optimizer Website http://www.solarmagic.com/home Coordinates 37.3822593°, -121.9580783° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.3822593,"lon":-121.9580783,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

On the Power of Reusable Magic States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study reusable magic states. These states are a special subset of the standard magic states. Once distilled, reusable magic states can be used, repeatedly, to apply some unitary U. Given this property, reusable magic states have the potential to greatly lower qubit and gate overheads in fault-tolerant quantum computation. While these states are promising, we provide a strong argument for their limited computational power. Specifically, we show that if reusable magic states can be used to apply non-Clifford unitaries, then we can exploit them to efficiently simulate poly-sized quantum circuits on a classical computer.

Jonas T. Anderson

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

On the Power of Reusable Magic States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we study reusable magic states. These states are a special subset of the standard magic states. Once distilled, reusable magic states can be used, repeatedly, to apply some unitary U. Given this property, reusable magic states have the potential to greatly lower qubit and gate overheads in fault-tolerant quantum computation. While these states are promising, we provide a strong argument for their limited computational power. Specifically, we show that if reusable magic states can be used to apply non-Clifford unitaries, then we can exploit them to efficiently simulate poly-sized quantum circuits on a classical computer.

Anderson, Jonas T

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Phenomena of spin rotation and oscillation of particles (atoms, molecules) containing in a trap blowing on by wind of high energy particles in storage ring - new method of measuring of spin-dependent part of zero-angle coherent scattering amplitude  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New experiment arrangement to study spin rotation and oscillation of particles of gas target through which beam of high energy particles passes is discussed. Such experiment arrangement make it realizable for storage ring and allows to study zero-angle scattering amplitude at highest possible energies. Life-time of particle beam in storage ring can reach several hours and even days. Life-time of particle in gas target (gas trap) is long too. Particles circulate in storage ring with frequency $\

Vladimir Baryshevsky

2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

37

Help:Magic words | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magic words Magic words (Redirected from Help:Variables) Jump to: navigation, search Magic words are strings of text that MediaWiki associates with a return value or function, such as time, site details, or page names. This page is about usage of standard magic words; for a technical reference, see Manual:Magic words. There are three general types of magic words: Behavior switches: these are uppercase words surrounded by double underscores, e.g. __FOO__ Variables: these are uppercase words surrounded by double braces, e.g. {{FOO}}. As such, they look a lot like templates. Parser functions: these take parameters and are either of the form {{foo:...}} or {{#foo:...}}. See also Help:Extension:ParserFunctions.

38

Magic Valley | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Valley Jump to: navigation, search Name Magic Valley Facility Magic Valley Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner E.ON Climate & Renewables North America Developer E.ON Climate & Renewables North America Location Raymondville TX Coordinates 26.46534829°, -97.6725769° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.46534829,"lon":-97.6725769,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

39

Yearlong MAGIC climate study launches [EVS News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yearlong MAGIC climate study launches October 1, 2012 A Horizon Lines container ship outfitted with meteorological and atmospheric instruments installed by U.S. Department of...

40

Help:Magic words | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

words words Jump to: navigation, search Magic words are strings of text that MediaWiki associates with a return value or function, such as time, site details, or page names. This page is about usage of standard magic words; for a technical reference, see Manual:Magic words. There are three general types of magic words: Behavior switches: these are uppercase words surrounded by double underscores, e.g. __FOO__ Variables: these are uppercase words surrounded by double braces, e.g. {{FOO}}. As such, they look a lot like templates. Parser functions: these take parameters and are either of the form {{foo:...}} or {{#foo:...}}. See also Help:Extension:ParserFunctions. Page-dependent magic words will affect or return data about the current

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Solid-State Selective 13C Excitation and Spin Diffusion NMR to Resolve Spatial Dimensions in Plant Cell Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The average spatial dimensions between major biopolymers within the plant cell wall can be resolved using a solid-state NMR technique referred to as a {sup 13}C cross-polarization (CP) SELDOM (selectively by destruction of magnetization) with a mixing time delay for spin diffusion. Selective excitation of specific aromatic lignin carbons indicates that lignin is in close proximity to hemicellulose followed by amorphous and finally crystalline cellulose. {sup 13}C spin diffusion time constants (T{sub SD}) were extracted using a two-site spin diffusion theory developed for {sup 13}C nuclei under magic angle spinning (MAS) conditions. These time constants were then used to calculate an average lower-limit spin diffusion length between chemical groups within the plant cell wall. The results on untreated {sup 13}C enriched corn stover stem reveal that the lignin carbons are, on average, located at distances {approx}0.7-2.0 nm from the carbons in hemicellulose and cellulose, whereas the pretreated material had larger separations.

Foston, M.; Katahira, R.; Gjersing, E.; Davis, M. F.; Ragauskas, A. J.

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

42

Magic Wand Approach to Representation of Personal Technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper considers and analysis the idea of magic wand as approach to representation new technologies, their implementability, application and use in different object domain. Magic wand approach in its currently implementable form is suggested to be ...

Victor Malyshkin

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Distilling one-qubit magic states into Toffoli states  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For certain quantum architectures and algorithms, most of the required resources are consumed during the distillation of one-qubit magic states for use in performing Toffoli gates. I show that the overhead for magic-state distillation can be reduced by merging distillation with the implementation of Toffoli gates. The resulting routine distills 8 one-qubit magic states directly to a Toffoli state, which can be used without further magic to perform a Toffoli gate.

Bryan Eastin

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

44

Magic Reservoir Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Magic Reservoir Geothermal Area Magic Reservoir Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Magic Reservoir Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.32833333,"lon":-114.3983333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

45

Los Alamos scientists monitor Santa's magical journey  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scientists monitor Santa's magical journey Scientists monitor Santa's magical journey Los Alamos scientists monitor Santa's magical journey Los Alamos trackers will use state-of-the-art technology to mark the course taken by St. Nick and his eight tiny and highly efficient reindeer. December 21, 2011 Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory sits on top of a once-remote mesa in northern New Mexico with the Jemez mountains as a backdrop to research and innovation covering multi-disciplines from bioscience, sustainable energy sources, to plasma physics and new materials.

46

Magic Valley Electric Cooperative - ENERGY STAR Builders Program (Texas) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Magic Valley Electric Cooperative - ENERGY STAR Builders Program Magic Valley Electric Cooperative - ENERGY STAR Builders Program (Texas) Magic Valley Electric Cooperative - ENERGY STAR Builders Program (Texas) < Back Eligibility Construction Savings Category Heating & Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State Texas Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount ENERGY STAR Home: $150-$600 ENERGY STAR Home with Version 3.0 Checklist: $200 Marathon Water Heater Installation: $150 ENERGY STAR Heat Pump Water Heater: $250 Provider Magic Valley Electric Cooperative Magic Valley Electric Cooperative's (MVEC) ENERGY STAR Builders Program offers a variety of incentives to builders of energy efficiency homes

47

Improved magic states distillation for quantum universality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given stabilizer operations and the ability to repeatedly prepare a single-qubit mixed state rho, can we do universal quantum computation? As motivation for this question, "magic state" distillation procedures can reduce the general fault-tolerance problem to that of performing fault-tolerant stabilizer circuits. We improve the procedures of Bravyi and Kitaev in the Hadamard "magic" direction of the Bloch sphere to achieve a sharp threshold between those rho allowing universal quantum computation, and those for which any calculation can be efficiently classically simulated. As a corollary, the ability to repeatedly prepare any pure state which is not a stabilizer state (e.g., any single-qubit pure state which is not a Pauli eigenstate), together with stabilizer operations, gives quantum universality. It remains open whether there is also a tight separation in the so-called T direction.

Reichardt, B W

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Improved magic states distillation for quantum universality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given stabilizer operations and the ability to repeatedly prepare a single-qubit mixed state rho, can we do universal quantum computation? As motivation for this question, "magic state" distillation procedures can reduce the general fault-tolerance problem to that of performing fault-tolerant stabilizer circuits. We improve the procedures of Bravyi and Kitaev in the Hadamard "magic" direction of the Bloch sphere to achieve a sharp threshold between those rho allowing universal quantum computation, and those for which any calculation can be efficiently classically simulated. As a corollary, the ability to repeatedly prepare any pure state which is not a stabilizer state (e.g., any single-qubit pure state which is not a Pauli eigenstate), together with stabilizer operations, gives quantum universality. It remains open whether there is also a tight separation in the so-called T direction.

Ben W. Reichardt

2004-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

49

Status of the second phase of the MAGIC telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MAGIC 17m diameter Cherenkov telescope will be upgraded with a second telescope with advanced photon detectors and ultra fast readout within the year 2007. The sensitivity of MAGIC-II, the two telescope system, will be improved by a factor of 2. In addition the energy threshold will be reduced and the energy and angular resolution will be improved. The design, status and expected performance of MAGIC-II is presented here.

Florian Goebel; for the MAGIC collaboration

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

50

Magic Valley Electric Cooperative- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Magic Valley Electric Cooperative's Value Incentive Program (VIP) offers consumers incentives for the installation of new central heat pump systems, dual fuel heating systems, central air...

51

Magic mirror: a new VR platform design and its applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a case study of VR platform Magic Mirror and its applications that are economic in development process and cost, flexible by contents and installation conditions, and that has business potential for consumer market. Magic Mirror ... Keywords: IR, VR, composition, distant learning, interaction, tangible interface, vision tracking

Ig-Jae Kim; Hyun Jin Lee; Hyoung-Gon Kim

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

MAGIC multiwavelength observations: policy, and some recent results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MAGIC, 17 meters of diameter, is the world's largest single dish Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope, and reaches in the analysis the lowest energy threshold (60 GeV) among the VHE gamma detectors. Completed in September 2004, MAGIC started full operation with its first cycle of data taking in February 2005. MAGIC observations in the galaxy cover, among others, supernova remnants, the Galactic Center and binary systems. The low threshold makes of MAGIC the IACT looking deepest in the Universe: the record of extragalactic sources detected includes Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) at z > 0.2. Here we discuss the present performance of MAGIC and the policy for the use of MAGIC data in multiwavelength campaigns. After a review of some recent highlights from MW studies, including the discovery of the most distant source ever detected (the AGN 3C279 at z = 0.54), we present the expected performance of MAGIC after the inauguration of the second telescope, scheduled for September 21st, 2008. Multiwavelength studies are a key for the study of emission mechanisms from galactic and extragalactic sources, and Very-High Energy photon detectors are becoming crucial as the GLAST era approaches.

MAGIC Collaboration; Alessandro De Angelis

2007-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

53

Magic Wind LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind, LLC Wind, LLC Place Buhl, Idaho Zip 83316 Sector Wind energy Product A small Idaho-based limited liability company developing the proposed 20MW Magic Wind project. Coordinates 47.489797°, -92.772449° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.489797,"lon":-92.772449,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

54

MAGIC: Marine ARM GPCI Investigation of Clouds  

SciTech Connect

The second Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Mobile Facility (AMF2) will be deployed aboard the Horizon Lines cargo container ship merchant vessel (M/V) Spirit for MAGIC, the Marine ARM GPCI1 Investigation of Clouds. The Spirit will traverse the route between Los Angeles, California, and Honolulu, Hawaii, from October 2012 through September 2013 (except for a few months in the middle of this time period when the ship will be in dry dock). During this field campaign, AMF2 will observe and characterize the properties of clouds and precipitation, aerosols, and atmospheric radiation; standard meteorological and oceanographic variables; and atmospheric structure. There will also be two intensive observational periods (IOPs), one in January 2013 and one in July 2013, during which more detailed measurements of the atmospheric structure will be made.

Lewis, ER; Wiscombe, WJ; Albrecht, BA; Bland, GL; Flagg, CN; Klein, SA; Kollias, P; Mace, G; Reynolds, RM; Schwartz, SE; Siebesma, AP; Teixeira, J; Wood, R; Zhang, M

2012-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

55

Observation of GRBs by the MAGIC Telescope, Status and Outlook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Observation of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) in the Very High Energy (VHE) domain will provide important information on the physical conditions in GRB outflows. The MAGIC telescope is the best suited Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope (IACT) for these observations. Thanks to its fast repositioning time and low energy threshold, MAGIC is able to start quickly the follow-up observation, triggered by an alert from the GRB Coordinates Network (GCN), and observe the prompt emission and early afterglow phase from GRBs. In the last two years of operation several GRB follow-up observations were performed by MAGIC, however, until now without successful detection of VHE gamma rays above threshold energies >100 GeV. In this paper we revise the expectations for the GRB observations with MAGIC, based on the experience from the last years of operation.

D. Bastieri; N. Galante; M. Garczarczyk; M. Gaug; F. Longo; S. Mizobuchi; V. Scapin

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

56

Universal Quantum Computation Based on a Magic States Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a model of quantum computation in which the set of elementary operations is limited to Clifford unitaries, the creation of the state $|0>$, and qubit measurement in the computational basis. In addition, we allow the creation of a one-qubit ancilla in a mixed state $\\rho$, which should be regarded as a parameter of the model. Our goal is to determine for which $\\rho$ universal quantum computation (UQC) can be efficiently simulated. To answer this question, we construct purification protocols that consume several copies of $\\rho$ and produce a single output qubit with higher polarization. The protocols allow one to increase the polarization only along certain ``magic'' directions. If the polarization of $\\rho$ along a magic direction exceeds a threshold value (about 65%), the purification asymptotically yields a pure state, which we call a magic state. We show that the Clifford group operations combined with magic states preparation are sufficient for UQC. The connection of our results with the Gott...

Bravyi, S B; Bravyi, Sergei; Kitaev, Alexei

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Multilevel distillation of magic states for quantum computing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We develop a procedure for distilling magic states used in universal quantum computing that requires substantially fewer initial resources than prior schemes. Our distillation circuit is based on a family of concatenated quantum codes that possess a transversal Hadamard operation, enabling each of these codes to distill the eigenstate of the Hadamard operator. A crucial result of this design is that low-fidelity magic states can be consumed to purify other high-fidelity magic states to even higher fidelity, which we call "multilevel distillation." When distilling in the asymptotic regime of infidelity $\\epsilon \\rightarrow 0$ for each input magic state, the number of input magic states consumed on average to yield an output state with infidelity $O(\\epsilon^{2^r})$ approaches $2^r+1$, which comes close to saturating the conjectured bound in [Phys. Rev. A 86, 052329]. We show numerically that there exist multilevel protocols such that the average number of magic states consumed to distill from error rate $\\epsilon_{\\mathrm{in}} = 0.01$ to $\\epsilon_{\\mathrm{out}}$ in the range $10^{-5}$ to $10^{-40}$ is about $14\\log_{10}(1/\\epsilon_{\\mathrm{out}}) - 40$; the efficiency of multilevel distillation dominates all other reported protocols when distilling Hadamard magic states from initial infidelity 0.01 to any final infidelity below $10^{-7}$. These methods are an important advance for magic-state distillation circuits in high-performance quantum computing, and they provide insight into the limitations of nearly resource-optimal quantum error correction.

Cody Jones

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

58

SPINS Publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Lee, T. Katsufuji, M. Masaki, S. Park, JRD Copley, and H. Takagi, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.68.014432"Unconventional Spin ...

59

Emergent spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum mechanics and relativity in the continuum imply the well known spin-statistics connection. However for particles hopping on a lattice, there is no such constraint. If a lattice model yields a relativistic field theory in a continuum limit, this constraint must "emerge" for physical excitations. We discuss a few models where a spin-less fermion hopping on a lattice gives excitations which satisfy the continuum Dirac equation. This includes such well known systems such as graphene and staggered fermions.

Michael Creutz

2013-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

60

Widespread spin polarization effects in photoemission from topological insulators  

SciTech Connect

High-resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (spin-ARPES) was performed on the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} using a recently developed high-efficiency spectrometer. The topological surface state's helical spin structure is observed, in agreement with theoretical prediction. Spin textures of both chiralities, at energies above and below the Dirac point, are observed, and the spin structure is found to persist at room temperature. The measurements reveal additional unexpected spin polarization effects, which also originate from the spin-orbit interaction, but are well differentiated from topological physics by contrasting momentum and photon energy and polarization dependencies. These observations demonstrate significant deviations of photoelectron and quasiparticle spin polarizations. Our findings illustrate the inherent complexity of spin-resolved ARPES and demonstrate key considerations for interpreting experimental results.

Jozwiak, C.; Chen, Y. L.; Fedorov, A. V.; Analytis, J. G.; Rotundu, C. R.; Schmid, A. K.; Denlinger, J. D.; Chuang, Y.-D.; Lee, D.-H.; Fisher, I. R.; Birgeneau, R. J.; Shen, Z.-X.; Hussain, Z.; Lanzara, A.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Widespread spin polarization effects in photoemission from topological insulators  

SciTech Connect

High-resolution spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (spin-ARPES) was performed on the three-dimensional topological insulator Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} using a recently developed high-efficiency spectrometer. The topological surface state's helical spin structure is observed, in agreement with theoretical prediction. Spin textures of both chiralities, at energies above and below the Dirac point, are observed, and the spin structure is found to persist at room temperature. The measurements reveal additional unexpected spin polarization effects, which also originate from the spin-orbit interaction, but are well differentiated from topological physics by contrasting momentum and photon energy and polarization dependencies. These observations demonstrate significant deviations of photoelectron and quasiparticle spin polarizations. Our findings illustrate the inherent complexity of spin-resolved ARPES and demonstrate key considerations for interpreting experimental results.

Jozwiak, C.; Chen, Y. L.; Fedorov, A. V.; Analytis, J. G.; Rotundu, C. R.; Schmid, A. K.; Denlinger, J. D.; Chuang, Y.-D.; Lee, D.-H.; Fisher, I. R.; Birgeneau, R. J.; Shen, Z.-X.; Hussain, Z.; Lanzara, A.

2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

62

A New Spin on Photoemission Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The electronic spin degree of freedom is of general fundamental importance to all matter. Understanding its complex roles and behavior in the solid state, particularly in highly correlated and magnetic materials, has grown increasingly desirable as technology demands advanced devices and materials based on ever stricter comprehension and control of the electron spin. However, direct and efficient spin dependent probes of electronic structure are currently lacking. Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (ARPES) has become one of the most successful experimental tools for elucidating solid state electronic structures, bolstered bycontinual breakthroughs in efficient instrumentation. In contrast, spin-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has lagged behind due to a lack of similar instrumental advances. The power of photoemission spectroscopy and the pertinence of electronic spin in the current research climate combine to make breakthroughs in Spin and Angle Resolved Photoemission Spectroscopy (SARPES) a high priority . This thesis details the development of a unique instrument for efficient SARPES and represents a radical departure from conventional methods. A custom designed spin polarimeter based on low energy exchange scattering is developed, with projected efficiency gains of two orders of magnitude over current state-of-the-art polarimeters. For energy analysis, the popular hemispherical analyzer is eschewed for a custom Time-of-Flight (TOF) analyzer offering an additional order of magnitude gain in efficiency. The combined instrument signifies the breakthrough needed to perform the high resolution SARPES experiments necessary for untangling the complex spin-dependent electronic structures central to today?s condensed matter physics.

Advanced Light Source; Jozwiak, Chris

2008-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

63

Spin Stability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stability Stability of Asymmetrically Charged Plasma Dust I. H. Hutchinson Plasma Science and Fusion Center Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA Recently it has been reported that, under some circumstances, dust particles sus- pended in the sheath edge are observed to spin [1, 2, 3]. The present paper shows that there is a natural electrostatic mechanism that should cause even perfectly spherical par- ticles in a perfectly irrotational, magnetic-field-free flowing plasma to spin. The stability criterion and the final spin state are obtained[4]. When the particle is made of an insulating material, it can support potential dif- ferences around its surface. In the limit of zero conductivity, and ignoring all charging effects other than electron or ion collection, the surface charge density accumulates in such a way as to bring the local electric current density to zero.

64

Magic-state distillation with the four-qubit code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The distillation of magic states is an often-cited technique for enabling universal quantum computing once the error probability for a special subset of gates has been made negligible by other means. We present a routine for magic-state distillation that reduces the required overhead for a range of parameters of practical interest. Each iteration of the routine uses a four-qubit error-detecting code to distill the +1 eigenstate of the Hadamard gate at a cost of ten input states per two improved output states. Use of this routine in combination with the 15-to-1 distillation routine described by Bravyi and Kitaev allows for further improvements in overhead.

Adam M. Meier; Bryan Eastin; Emanuel Knill

2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

65

Magical Seals, Secure Voting Machines, and Other Fantasies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magical Seals, Magical Seals, Secure Voting Machines, and Other Fantasies Roger G. Johnston, Ph.D., CPP Jon S. Warner, Ph.D. Vulnerability Assessment Team! Argonne National Laboratory! ! ! 630-252-6168 rogerj@anl.gov http://www.ne.anl.gov/capabilities/vat! Invited Talk for the Election Verification Network Meeting, Chicago, March 24-26, 2011 Argonne National Laboratory ~$738 million annual budget 1500 acres, 3400 employees, 4400 facility users, 1500 students R&D and technical assistance for government & industry Sponsors * DHS * DoD * DOS * IAEA * Euratom * DOE/NNSA * private companies * intelligence agencies * public interest organizations The VAT has done detailed vulnerability assessments on hundreds of different security

66

Black Hole Shadows of Charged Spinning Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a method for measuring the black hole charge by imaging a black hole shadow in a galactic center by future interferometers. Even when the black hole is uncharged, it is possible to confirm the charge neutrality by this method. We first derive the analytic formulae of the black hole shadow in an optically thin medium around a charged spinning black hole, and then investigate how contours of the black hole shadow depend on the spin and the charge of the black hole for several inclination angles between the rotation axis of the black hole and the observer. This method only assumes stationary black hole and general relativity. By fitting the formula of the contours of the shadow to the observed image of the shadow, in addition to the black hole charge, one can also determine the black hole spin and the inclination angle without any degeneracy among the charge, the spin, and the inclination angle unless the inclination angle is null.

Rohta Takahashi

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

67

Maria Goeppert Mayer, the Nuclear Shell Structure, and Magic...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

such as the earth spinning on its axis as it orbits the sun. In an atom, the electron spins on an axis as it orbits the nucleus. Goeppert-Mayer was stunned. She recalled:...

68

NMR system and method having a permanent magnet providing a rotating magnetic field  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Disclosed herein are systems and methods for generating a rotating magnetic field. The rotating magnetic field can be used to obtain rotating-field NMR spectra, such as magic angle spinning spectra, without having to physically rotate the sample. This result allows magic angle spinning NMR to be conducted on biological samples such as live animals, including humans.

Schlueter, Ross D [Berkeley, CA; Budinger, Thomas F [Berkeley, CA

2009-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

69

Spin-flip M1 giant resonance as a challenge for Skyrme forces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite a great success of the Skyrme mean-field approach in exploration of nuclear dynamics, it seems to fail in description of the spin-flip M1 giant resonance. The results for different Skyrme parameterizations are contradictory and poorly agree with experiment. In particular, there is no parameterization which simultaneously describes the one-peak gross structure of M1 strength in doubly magic nuclei and two-peak structure in heavy deformed nuclei. The reason of this mismatch could lie in an unsatisfactory treatment of spin correlations and spin-orbit interaction. We discuss the present status of the problem and possible ways of its solution. In particular, we inspect i) the interplay of the collective shift and spin-orbit splitting, ii) the isovector M1 response versus isospin-mixed responses, and iii) the role of tensor and isovector spin-orbit interaction.

V. O. Nesterenko; J. Kvasil; P. Vesely; W. Kleinig; P. -G. Reinhard; V. Yu. Ponomarev

2010-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

70

Efficient spin resolved spectroscopy observation machine at Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center  

SciTech Connect

Highly efficient spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectrometer named ESPRESSO (Efficient SPin REsolved SpectroScopy Observation) machine has been developed at the beamline BL-9B in Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center. Combination of high-resolution hemispherical electron analyzer and the high-efficient spin detector based on very low energy electron diffraction by the ferromagnetic target makes the high-energy resolution and angular resolution compatible with spin- and angle-resolved photoemission (SARPES) measurement. 7.5 meV in energy and {+-}0.18 deg. in angular resolution have been achieved with spin resolution. The ESPRESSO machine, combination of quick energy-band dispersion measurement and Fermi surface mapping by two-dimensional electron detector for the spin integrated ARPES and the high-efficient spin analysis by the efficient spin detector realizes the comprehensive investigation of spin electronic structure of materials.

Okuda, Taichi; Miyamaoto, Koji; Namatame, Hirofumi [Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center (HSRC), Hiroshima University, 2-313 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan); Miyahara, Hirokazu; Kuroda, Kenta; Kimura, Akio [Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan); Taniguchi, Masaki [Hiroshima Synchrotron Radiation Center (HSRC), Hiroshima University, 2-313 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-0046 (Japan); Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, 1-3-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima 739-8526 (Japan)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

71

The robustness of magic state distillation against errors in Clifford gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum error correction and fault-tolerance have provided the possibility for large scale quantum computations without a detrimental loss of quantum information. A very natural class of gates for fault-tolerant quantum computation is the Clifford gate set and as such their usefulness for universal quantum computation is of great interest. Clifford group gates augmented by magic state preparation give the possibility of simulating universal quantum computation. However, experimentally one cannot expect to perfectly prepare magic states. Nonetheless, it has been shown that by repeatedly applying operations from the Clifford group and measurements in the Pauli basis, the fidelity of noisy prepared magic states can be increased arbitrarily close to a pure magic state [1]. We investigate the robustness of magic state distillation to perturbations of the initial states to arbitrary locations in the Bloch sphere due to noise. Additionally, we consider a depolarizing noise model on the quantum gates in the decoding ...

Jochym-O'Connor, Tomas; Helou, Bassam; Laflamme, Raymond

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

F) Enhanced ACP Date RAA ACP Demand Response – SpinningReserve Demonstration Demand Response – Spinning Reservesupply spinning reserve. Demand Response – Spinning Reserve

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Angle performance on optima MDxt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Angle control on medium current implanters is important due to the high angle-sensitivity of typical medium current implants, such as halo implants. On the Optima MDxt, beam-to-wafer angles are controlled in both the horizontal and vertical directions. In the horizontal direction, the beam angle is measured through six narrow slits, and any angle adjustment is made by electrostatically steering the beam, while cross-wafer beam parallelism is adjusted by changing the focus of the electrostatic parallelizing lens (P-lens). In the vertical direction, the beam angle is measured through a high aspect ratio mask, and any angle adjustment is made by slightly tilting the wafer platen prior to implant. A variety of tests were run to measure the accuracy and repeatability of Optima MDxt's angle control. SIMS profiles of a high energy, channeling sensitive condition show both the cross-wafer angle uniformity, along with the small-angle resolution of the system. Angle repeatability was quantified by running a channeling sensitive implant as a regular monitor over a seven month period and measuring the sheet resistance-to-angle sensitivity. Even though crystal cut error was not controlled for in this case, when attributing all Rs variation to angle changes, the overall angle repeatability was measured as 0.16 Degree-Sign (1{sigma}). A separate angle repeatability test involved running a series of V-curves tests over a four month period using low crystal cut wafers selected from the same boule. The results of this test showed the angle repeatability to be <0.1 Degree-Sign (1{sigma}).

David, Jonathan; Kamenitsa, Dennis [Axcelis Technologies, Inc., 108 Cherry Hill Dr, Beverly, MA 01915 (United States)

2012-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

74

Demand Response Spinning Reserve  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Title Demand Response Spinning Reserve Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2007 Authors Eto, Joseph H., Janine Nelson-Hoffman, Carlos...

75

Spin rotation of polarized beams in high energy storage ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The equations for spin evolution of a particle in a storage ring are obtained considering contributions from the tensor electric and magnetic polarizabilities of the particle along with the contributions from spin rotation and birefringence effect in polarized matter of an internal target. % Study of the spin rotation and birefringence effects for a particle in a high energy storage ring provides for measurement both the spin-dependent real part of the coherent elastic zero-angle scattering amplitude and tensor electric (magnetic) polarizabilities.

V. G. Baryshevsky

2006-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

76

Catalysis and activation of magic states in fault-tolerant architectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many architectures for fault-tolerant quantum computing universality is achieved by a combination of Clifford group unitary operators and preparation of suitable nonstabilizer states, the so-called magic states. Universality is possible even for some fairly noisy nonstabilizer states, as distillation can convert many noisy copies into fewer purer magic states. Here we propose protocols that exploit multiple species of magic states in surprising ways. These protocols provide examples of previously unobserved phenomena that are analogous to catalysis and activation well known in entanglement theory.

Campbell, Earl T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom) and Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, D-14476 Potsdam (Germany)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

77

Magic Valley Electric Coop Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Valley Electric Coop Inc Valley Electric Coop Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Magic Valley Electric Coop Inc Place Texas Utility Id 11501 Utility Location Yes Ownership C NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes ISO Ercot Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png Commercial Area 100 W HPS Lighting Commercial Area 150 W HPS Lighting Commercial Area 175 W MV Lighting Commercial Area 250 W HPS Lighting Commercial Area 400 W HPS Lighting Commercial Area 400 W MV Lighting Commercial Flood 1000 W HPS Lighting Commercial Flood 1000 W MH Lighting Commercial Flood 250 W HPS Lighting

78

Bound States for Magic State Distillation in Fault-Tolerant Quantum Computation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magic state distillation is an important primitive in fault-tolerant quantum computation. The magic states are pure non-stabilizer states which can be distilled from certain mixed non-stabilizer states via Clifford group operations alone. Because of the Gottesman-Knill theorem, mixtures of Pauli eigenstates are not expected to be magic state distillable, but it has been an open question whether all mixed states outside this set may be distilled. In this Letter we show that, when resources are finitely limited, non-distillable states exist outside the stabilizer octahedron. In analogy with the bound entangled states, which arise in entanglement theory, we call such states bound states for magic state distillation.

Earl T. Campbell; Dan E. Browne

2009-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

79

RHIC SPIN FLIPPER  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes a new design of spin flipper for RHIC to obtain full spin flip with the spin tune staying at half integer. The traditional technique of using an rf dipole or solenoid as spin flipper to achieve full spin flip in the presence of full Siberian snake requires one to change the snake configuration to move the spin tune away from half integer. This is not practical for an operational high energy polarized proton collider like RHIC where beam lifetime is sensitive to small betatron tune change. The design of the new spin flipper as well as numerical simulations are presented.

BAI,M.; ROSER, T.

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

80

RHIC | Spin Physics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spin Physics Spin Physics RHIC is the world's only machine capable of colliding high-energy beams of polarized protons, and is a unique tool for exploring the puzzle of the proton's 'missing' spin. In addition to colliding heavy ions, RHIC is able to collide single protons. While these collisions don't produce quark-gluon plasma, they're interesting to physicists for other reasons. Scientists want to know more about a property of particles called 'spin'. Spin is the direction a particle is spinning around an axis as it travels -- just like the Earth spins on its axis as it travels around the sun. Each proton has a specific spin, which helps give it a characteristic magnetic property. spin In this picture of a proton-proton collision, the spin of the particles is shown as arrows circling the spherical particles. The red and green

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Gravitational Field of a Spinning Cosmic String  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effect of internal space rotation on the gravitational properties of infinite straight and stationary cosmic string. From the approximate solution of Einsten equations for the spinning Q-lump string we obtain long range gravitational accelleration resembling that of a rotating massive cylindrical shell. We also compute the angular velocity of the inertial frame dragging and the angle of light deflection by the Q-lump string. Matter accretion on to spinning strings can play a role in galaxy formation when the angular velocity times the string width is comparable to the speed of light.

Eugen Simanek

2008-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

82

The robustness of magic state distillation against errors in Clifford gates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum error correction and fault-tolerance have provided the possibility for large scale quantum computations without a detrimental loss of quantum information. A very natural class of gates for fault-tolerant quantum computation is the Clifford gate set and as such their usefulness for universal quantum computation is of great interest. Clifford group gates augmented by magic state preparation give the possibility of simulating universal quantum computation. However, experimentally one cannot expect to perfectly prepare magic states. Nonetheless, it has been shown that by repeatedly applying operations from the Clifford group and measurements in the Pauli basis, the fidelity of noisy prepared magic states can be increased arbitrarily close to a pure magic state [1]. We investigate the robustness of magic state distillation to perturbations of the initial states to arbitrary locations in the Bloch sphere due to noise. Additionally, we consider a depolarizing noise model on the quantum gates in the decoding section of the distillation protocol and demonstrate its effect on the convergence rate and threshold value. Finally, we establish that faulty magic state distillation is more efficient than fault-tolerance-assisted magic state distillation at low error rates due to the large overhead in the number of quantum gates and qubits required in a fault-tolerance architecture. The ability to perform magic state distillation with noisy gates leads us to conclude that this could be a realistic scheme for future small-scale quantum computing devices as fault-tolerance need only be used in the final steps of the protocol.

Tomas Jochym-O'Connor; Yafei Yu; Bassam Helou; Raymond Laflamme

2012-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

83

DD1, Enhanced Spin Injection and Spin Lifetimes in Graphene  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Gate tunable spin transport and spin precession in non-local single layer graphene (SLG) spin valves at room temperature (RT) were was demonstrated in 2007.

84

Spin Rotation of Formalism for Spin Tracking  

SciTech Connect

The problem of which coefficients are adequate to correctly represent the spin rotation in vector spin tracking for polarized proton and deuteron beams in synchrotrons is here re-examined in the light of recent discussions. The main aim of this note is to show where some previous erroneous results originated and how to code spin rotation in a tracking code. Some analysis of a recent experiment is presented that confirm the correctness of the assumptions.

Luccio,A.

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Screaming, flying, and laughing: magical feminism's witches in contemporary film, television, and novels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project argues that there is a previously unnamed canon of literature called Magical Feminism which exists across many current popular (even lowbrow) genres such as science-fiction, fantasy, so-called realistic literature, and contemporary television and film. I define Magical Feminism as a genre quite similar to Magical Realism, but assert that its main political thrust is to model a feminist agency for its readers. To define this genre, I closely-read the image of the female magic user as one of the most important Magical Feminist metaphors. I argue that the female magic user�commonly called the witch, but also labeled priestess, mistress, shaman, mambo, healer, midwife� is a metaphor for female unruliness and disruption to patriarchy and as such, is usually portrayed as evil and deserving of punishment. I assert that many (although not all) of the popular texts this genre includes are overlooked or ignored by the academy, and thus, that an important focus for contemporary feminism is missed. When the texts are noticed by parts of the academy, they are mostly considered popular culture novelty acts, not serious political genres. As part of my argument, I analyze third wave feminism�s attempt to reconcile traits previously considered less than feminist, such as the domestic. I also deconstruct the popular media�s negative portrayal of contemporary feminism and the resulting reluctance for many young women to identify themselves as feminist. I also argue that this reluctance goes hand in hand with a growing attempt to seek new models for empowering female epistemologies. My assertion is that these texts are the classrooms where many readers learn their feminism. Finally, I list a short bibliography as a way of defining canon of texts that should be considered Magical Feminist.

Wells, Kimberly Ann

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Magnetodynamics and Spin Electronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Spintronics exploits the interaction between electrons' spin angular momentum ... stochastic processes in the form of electron microscope images of ...

2013-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

87

EXOPLANETARY SPIN-ORBIT ALIGNMENT: RESULTS FROM THE ENSEMBLE OF ROSSITER-MCLAUGHLIN OBSERVATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One possible diagnostic of planet formation, orbital migration, and tidal evolution is the angle ? between a planet's orbital axis and the spin axis of its parent star. In general, ? cannot be measured, but for transiting ...

Fabrycky, Daniel C.

88

A unit vector for characterizing the spin polarization of free electron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New degrees of freedom having the form of a unit vector are identified for characterizing the spin polarization of free electron. It is shown that when only the spin is considered, the non-commutativity of the Cartesian components of the Pauli vector allows us to use the azimuthal angle of a second direction, denoted by unit vector $\\mathbf I$, with respect to the quantization direction to characterize the spin polarization. The rotation of $\\mathbf I$ through an angle about the quantization axis leads to a rotation of the spin polarization vector through twice the angle about the same axis. Discussions are also made in Heisenberg picture as well. Upon utilizing this approach to a free electron and letting the quantization direction for each plane wave be the wave vector, we arrive at a representation in which the unit vector $\\mathbf I$ functions as an independent index to characterize the spin polarization.

Chun-Fang Li; Yan Wang

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

89

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print The electronic properties of a metal are determined by the dynamical behavior of its conduction electrons. Conventional band theory accounts for the interaction of the electrons with the static ion lattice. However, coupling to further microscopic degrees of freedom can alter the electron dynamics considerably. For example, "conventional" superconductivity emerges as a result of the electrons' interaction with lattice vibrations (phonons). In magnetic materials, coupling with spin waves (magnons) is also expected. Such interactions may contribute to high-temperature superconductivity in novel materials. Unfortunately, lattice vibrations and spin waves have similar energy scales, hindering detailed study. Researchers have taken a new approach in analyzing the electron bands of ferromagnetic iron. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) provides direct spectroscopic evidence of altered electron mass and energy (quasiparticle formation) in a magnetic solid due to coupling with spin waves.

90

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print The electronic properties of a metal are determined by the dynamical behavior of its conduction electrons. Conventional band theory accounts for the interaction of the electrons with the static ion lattice. However, coupling to further microscopic degrees of freedom can alter the electron dynamics considerably. For example, "conventional" superconductivity emerges as a result of the electrons' interaction with lattice vibrations (phonons). In magnetic materials, coupling with spin waves (magnons) is also expected. Such interactions may contribute to high-temperature superconductivity in novel materials. Unfortunately, lattice vibrations and spin waves have similar energy scales, hindering detailed study. Researchers have taken a new approach in analyzing the electron bands of ferromagnetic iron. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) provides direct spectroscopic evidence of altered electron mass and energy (quasiparticle formation) in a magnetic solid due to coupling with spin waves.

91

Magnetohydrodynamic spin waves in degenerate electron-positron-ion plasmas  

SciTech Connect

Low frequency magnetosonic waves are studied in magnetized degenerate electron-positron-ion plasmas with spin effects. Using the fluid equations of magnetoplasma with quantum corrections due to the Bohm potential, temperature degeneracy, and spin magnetization energy, a generalized dispersion relation for oblique magnetosonic waves is derived. Spin effects are incorporated via spin force and macroscopic spin magnetization current. For three different values of angle {theta}, the generalized dispersion relation is reduced to three different relations under the low frequency magnetohydrodynamic assumptions. It is found that the effect of quantum corrections in the presence of positron concentration significantly modifies the dispersive properties of these modes. The importance of the work relevant to compact astrophysical bodies is pointed out.

Mushtaq, A. [TPPD, PINSTECH Nilore, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan); National Center for Physics, Shahdrah Valley Road, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan); Maroof, R.; Ahmad, Zulfiaqr [Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, 25000 Peshawar (Pakistan); Qamar, A. [National Center for Physics, Shahdrah Valley Road, 44000 Islamabad (Pakistan); Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, 25000 Peshawar (Pakistan)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Landau damping effects on the scattering spin-asymmetry and channel preference in election-hole plasmas  

SciTech Connect

The scattering spin-asymmetry and spin channel preference in electron collisions are investigated in electron-hole plasmas. It is found that the Landau damping effect enhances the scattering channel preference for the spin-singlet electron scattering and suppresses the spin-triplet electron scattering except the scattering angle {theta}={pi}/2. It is also found that the spin-singlet electron scattering decreases with an increase of the quantum shielding distance. In addition, the Landau damping effect on the spin-asymmetry parameter is found to be more significant in the intermediate domain of the quantum Debye length.

Jung, Young-Dae [Department of Applied Physics, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of) and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, MC 0407, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093-0407 (United States); Hong, Woo-Pyo [Department of Electronics Engineering, Catholic University of Daegu, Hayang 712-702 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

93

The proximity of Mercury's spin to Cassini state 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In determining Mercury's core structure from its rotational properties, the value of the normalized moment of inertia, $C/MR^2$, from the location of Cassini 1 is crucial. If Mercury's spin axis occupies Cassini state 1, its position defines the location of the state. The spin might be displaced from the Cassini state if the spin is unable to follow the changes in the state position induced by the variations in the orbital parameters and the geometry of the solar system. The spin axis is expected to follow the Cassini state for orbit variations with time scales long compared to the 1000 year precession period of the spin about the Cassini state because the solid angle swept out by the spin axis as it precesses is an adiabatic invariant. Short period variations in the orbital elements of small amplitude should cause displacements that are commensurate with the amplitudes of the short period terms. By following simultaneously the spin position and the Cassini state position during long time scale orbital variations over past 3 million years (Quinn {\\it et al.}, 1991) and short time scale variations from JPL Ephemeris DE 408 (Standish, 2005) we show that the spin axis will remain within one arcsec of the Cassini state after it is brought there by dissipative torques. We thus expect Mercury's spin to occupy Cassini state 1 well within the uncertainties for both radar and spacecraft measurements, with correspondingly tight constraints on $C/MR^2$.

S. J. Peale

2005-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

94

Sensing remote nuclear spins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sensing single nuclear spins is a central challenge in magnetic resonance based imaging techniques. Although different methods and especially diamond defect based sensing and imaging techniques in principle have shown sufficient sensitivity, signals from single nuclear spins are usually too weak to be distinguished from background noise. Here, we present the detection and identification of remote single C-13 nuclear spins embedded in nuclear spin baths surrounding a single electron spins of a nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond. With dynamical decoupling control of the centre electron spin, the weak magnetic field ~10 nT from a single nuclear spin located ~3 nm from the centre with hyperfine coupling as weak as ~500 Hz is amplified and detected. The quantum nature of the coupling is confirmed and precise position and the vector components of the nuclear field are determined. Given the distance over which nuclear magnetic fields can be detected the technique marks a firm step towards imaging, detecting and cont...

Zhao, Nan; Schmid, Berhard; Isoya, Junichi; Markham, Mathew; Twitchen, Daniel; Jelezko, Fedor; Liu, Ren-Bao; Fedder, Helmut; Wrachtrup, Jörg

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Geek-Up[09.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance 9.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to Antibiotics and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars Geek-Up[09.24.10] -- Magical BEANs, Combating Bacteria's Resistance to Antibiotics and the ChemCam's Journey to Mars September 24, 2010 - 5:19pm Addthis Check out the ChemCam close-up, which will reveal which elements are present in Mars' rocks and soils. Elizabeth Meckes Elizabeth Meckes Director of User Experience & Digital Technologies, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? BEANs -- phase-change materials -- have the ability to readily and swiftly transition between different phases, making them a valuable low-power source of flash memory and data storage. Scientists are studying E. coli bacteria's efflux pump to help them make inhibitors that will stop the heavy-metal pump and the antibiotic

96

On the spin-up/spin-down transitions in accreting X-ray binaries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accreting X-Ray Binaries display a wide range of behaviours. Some of them are observed to spin up steadily, others to alternate between spin-up and spin-down states, sometimes superimposed on a longer trend of either spin up or spin down. Here we interpret this rich phenomenology within a new model of the disk-magnetosphere interaction. Our model, based on the simplest version of a purely material torque, accounts for the fact that, when a neutron star is in the propeller regime, a fraction of the ejected material does not receive enough energy to completely unbind, and hence falls back into the disk. We show that the presence of this feedback mass component causes the occurrence of multiple states available to the system, for a given, constant value of the mass accretion rate dot{M}_* from the companion star. If the angle chi of the magnetic dipole axis with respect to the perpendicular to the disk is larger than a critical value chi_crit, the system eventually settles in a cycle of spin-up/spin-down transitions for a constant value of dot{M}_* and independent of the initial conditions. No external perturbations are required to induce the torque reversals. The transition from spin up to spin down is often accompanied by a large drop in luminosity. The frequency range spanned in each cycle and the timescale for torque reversals depend on dot{M}_*, the magnetic field of the star, the magnetic colatitude chi, and the degree of elasticity regulating the magnetosphere-disk interaction. The critical angle chi_crit ranges from \\~25-30 deg for a completely elastic interaction to ~40-45 deg for a totally anelastic one. For chi ~< chi_crit, cycles are no longer possible and the long-term evolution of the system is a pure spin up. We specifically illustrate our model in the cases of the X-ray binaries GX 1+4 and 4U 1626-67.

Rosalba Perna; Enrico Bozzo; Luigi Stella

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

97

Black Hole Shadows of Charged Spinning Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a method for measuring the black hole charge by imaging a black hole shadow in a galactic center by future interferometers. Even when the black hole is uncharged, it is possible to confirm the charge neutrality by this method. We first derive the analytic formulae of the black hole shadow in an optically thin medium around a charged spinning black hole, and then investigate how contours of the black hole shadow depend on the spin and the charge of the black hole for several inclination angles between the rotation axis of the black hole and the observer. This method only assumes stationary black hole and general relativity. By fitting the formula of the contours of the shadow to the observed image of the shadow, in addition to the black hole charge, one can also determine the black hole spin and the inclination angle without any degeneracy among the charge, the spin, and the inclination angle unless the inclination angle is null. If the maximum width of the shadow smaller than 4(1 + 2 1/2)M or the minimum width of the shadow smaller than 9M are measured observationally, we can safely conclude that the black hole is charged. Here, M is the gravitational radius, i.e. the half of the Schwarzschild radius. Key words: black hole physics—Galaxy: nucleus—galaxies: nuclei — techniques: high angular resolution—techniques: interferometric 1.

Rohta Takahashi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Spin coating apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A spin coating apparatus requires less cleanroom air flow than prior spin coating apparatus to minimize cleanroom contamination. A shaped exhaust duct from the spin coater maintains process quality while requiring reduced cleanroom air flow. The exhaust duct can decrease in cross section as it extends from the wafer, minimizing eddy formation. The exhaust duct can conform to entrainment streamlines to minimize eddy formation and reduce interprocess contamination at minimal cleanroom air flow rates.

Torczynski, John R. (Albuquerque, NM)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Methodology and applications of high resolution solid-state NMR to structure determination of proteins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of methodological developments and applications of solid-state NMR for assignment and high resolution structure determination of microcrystalline proteins and amyloid fibrils are presented. Magic angle spinning ...

Lewandowski, Józef Romuald

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Resolution and Polarization Distribution in Cryogenic DNP/MAS Experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This contribution addresses four potential misconceptions associated with high-resolution dynamic nuclear polarization/magic angle spinning (DNP/MAS) experiments. First, spectral resolution is not generally compromised at ...

Barnes, Alexander

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Lipid Dynamics and Protein–Lipid Interactions in 2D Crystals Formed with the ?-Barrel Integral Membrane Protein VDAC1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ a combination of [superscript 13]C/[superscript 15]N magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR and [superscript 2]H NMR to study the structural and functional consequences of different membrane environments on VDAC1 and, ...

Ong, Ta-Chung

102

Protein MAS NMR methodology and structural analysis of protein assemblies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Methodological developments and applications of solid-state magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS NMR) spectroscopy, with particular emphasis on the analysis of protein structure, are described in this thesis. ...

Bayro, Marvin J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Applications of DNP and solid-state NMR for protein structure determination  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Magic Angle Spinning (MAS) solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) is a developing method for determining the structures and studying the dynamics and functions of biological molecules. This method is particularly ...

Mayrhofer, Rebecca Maria

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

THE SPIN EFFECT ON PLANETARY RADIAL VELOCIMETRY OF EXOPLANETS  

SciTech Connect

We consider the effect of planetary spin on the planetary radial velocity (PRV) in dayside spectra of exoplanets. To understand the spin effect qualitatively, we derive an analytic formula of the intensity-weighted radial velocity from the planetary surface on the following assumptions: (1) constant and solid rotation without precession, (2) stable and uniform distribution of molecules/atoms, (3) emission models from the dayside hemisphere, and (4) a circular orbit. On these assumptions, we find that the curve of the PRV is distorted by the planetary spin and this anomaly is characterized by the spin radial velocity at the equator and a projected angle on a celestial plane between the spin axis and the axis of orbital motion {lambda}{sub p} in a manner analogous to the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. The latter can constrain the planetary obliquity. Creating mock PRV data with 3 km s{sup -1} accuracy, we demonstrate how {lambda}{sub p} and the spin radial velocity at the equator are estimated. We find that the stringent constraint of eccentricity is crucial to detect the spin effect. Though our formula is still qualitative, we conclude that the PRV in the dayside spectra will be a powerful means for constraining the planetary spin.

Kawahara, Hajime, E-mail: divrot@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan)

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

105

Creating MAGIC: system for generating learning object metadata for instructional content  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents our latest work on building a system called MAGIC (Metadata Automated Generation for Instructional Content) that will automatically identify segments and generate critical metadata conforming with the SCORM (Sharable Content Object ... Keywords: e-learning, instructional video content analysis, learning object metadata, text analysis, text categorization

Ying Li; Chitra Dorai; Robert Farrell

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A New type of ``Magic Ink'' Signatures - Towards Transcript-Irrelevant Anonymity Revocation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magic ink signature recently proposed in [11] is a blind signature which allows "unblinding" of a signature by authorities to establish what is known as audit trail and anonymity revocation in case of criminal activities. In [11] as well as in all ...

Feng Bao; Robert H. Deng

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

VHE gamma-ray emission from the FSRQs observed by the MAGIC telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among more than fifty blazars detected in very high energy (VHE, E>100GeV) gamma-rays, only three belong to the subclass of Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars (FSRQs): PKS 1510-089, PKS 1222+216 and 3C 279. The detection of FSRQs in the VHE range is challenging, mainly because of their steep soft spectra in the GeV-TeV regime. MAGIC has observed and detected all FSRQs known to be VHE emitters up to now and found that they exhibit very different behavior. The 2010 discovery of PKS 1222+216 (z = 0.432) with the fast variability observed, challenges simple one-zone emission models and more complicated scenarios have been proposed. 3C 279 is the most distant VHE gamma-ray emitting AGN (z = 0.536), which was discovered by MAGIC in 2006 and detected again in 2007. In 2011 MAGIC observed 3C 279 two times: first during a monitoring campaign and later observations were triggered by a flare detected with Fermi-LAT. We present the MAGIC results and the multiwavelength behavior during this flaring epoch. Finally, we report the ...

Lindfors, E; de Almeida, U Barres; Mazin, D; Paneque, D; Saito, K; Gonzalez, J Becerra; Berger, K; De Caneva, G; Schultz, C; Sitarek, J; Stamerra, A; Tavecchio, F; Buson, S; D'Ammando, F; Hayashida, M; Tornikoski, M; Hovatta, T

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Definition: Angle of incidence | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angle of incidence Angle of incidence Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Angle of incidence In reference to solar energy systems: the angle a ray of sun makes with a line perpendicular to a surface; for example, a surface directly facing the sun has an angle of incidence of zero, and a surface parallel to the sun (such as a sunrise striking a horizontal rooftop) has an angle of incidence of 90°. Sunlight with an incident angle of 90° tends to be absorbed, while lower angles tend to be reflected.[1][2] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Angle of incidence is a measure of deviation of something from "straight on", for example: in the approach of a ray to a surface, or the angle at which the wing or horizontal tail of an airplane is installed on the fuselage, measured relative to the axis of the fuselage.

109

RECOILING SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLES IN SPIN-FLIP RADIO GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

Numerical relativity simulations predict that coalescence of supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries leads not only to a spin flip but also to a recoiling of the merger remnant SMBHs. In the literature, X-shaped radio sources are popularly suggested to be candidates for SMBH mergers with spin flip of jet-ejecting SMBHs. Here we investigate the spectral and spatial observational signatures of the recoiling SMBHs in radio sources undergoing black hole spin flip. Our results show that SMBHs in most spin-flip radio sources have mass ratio q {approx}> 0.3 with a minimum possible value q{sub min} {approx_equal} 0.05. For major mergers, the remnant SMBHs can get a kick velocity as high as 2100 km s{sup -1} in the direction within an angle {approx}< 40 Degree-Sign relative to the spin axes of remnant SMBHs, implying that recoiling quasars are biased to be with high Doppler-shifted broad emission lines while recoiling radio galaxies are biased to large apparent spatial off-center displacements. We also calculate the distribution functions of line-of-sight velocity and apparent spatial off-center displacements for spin-flip radio sources with different apparent jet reorientation angles. Our results show that the larger the apparent jet reorientation angle is, the larger the Doppler-shifting recoiling velocity and apparent spatial off-center displacement will be. We investigate the effects of recoiling velocity on the dust torus in spin-flip radio sources and suggest that recoiling of SMBHs would lead to 'dust-poor' active galactic nuclei. Finally, we collect a sample of 19 X-shaped radio objects and for each object give the probability of detecting the predicted signatures of recoiling SMBH.

Liu, F. K.; Wang Dong [Department of Astronomy, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Chen Xian, E-mail: fkliu@pku.edu.cn [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

110

Recoiling Supermassive Black Holes in Spin-flip Radio Galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical relativity simulations predict that coalescence of supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries not only leads to a spin flip but also to a recoiling of the merger remnant SMBHs. In the literature, X-shaped radio sources are popularly suggested to be candidates for SMBH mergers with spin flip of jet-ejecting SMBHs. Here we investigate the spectral and spatial observational signatures of the recoiling SMBHs in radio sources undergoing black hole spin flip. Our results show that SMBHs in most spin-flip radio sources have mass ratio $q\\ga 0.3$ with a minimum possible value $q_{\\rm min} \\simeq 0.05$. For major mergers, the remnant SMBHs can get a kick velocity as high as $2100 km s^{-1}$ in the direction within an angle $\\la 40^\\circ$ relative to the spin axes of remnant SMBHs, implying that recoiling quasars are biased to be with high Doppler-shifted broad emission lines while recoiling radio galaxies are biased to large apparent spatial off-center displacements. We also calculate the distribution functions of line-of-sight velocity and apparent spatial off-center for spin-flip radio sources with different apparent jet reorientation angles. Our results show that the larger the apparent jet reorientation angle is, the larger the Doppler-shifting recoiling velocity and apparent spatial off-center displacement will be. We investigate the effects of recoiling velocity on the dust torus in spin-flip radio sources and suggest that recoiling of SMBHs would lead to "dust poor" AGNs. Finally, we collect a sample of 19 X-shaped radio objects and for each object give the probability of detecting the predicted signatures of recoiling SMBH.

F. K. Liu; Dong Wang; Xian Chen

2011-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

111

Quantum Spin Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This article is a short introduction to the general topic of quantum spin systems. After a brief sketch of the history of the subject, the standard mathematical framework for formulating problems and results in quantum spin systems is described. Then, three short sections are devoted to Spontaneaous Symmetry Breaking, Phase transitions, and Dynamcis.

Bruno Nachtergaele

2004-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

112

Spin coating of electrolytes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for spin coating electrolytic materials onto substrates are disclosed. More particularly, methods for depositing solid coatings of ion-conducting material onto planar substrates and onto electrodes are disclosed. These spin coating methods are employed to fabricate electrochemical sensors for use in measuring, detecting and quantifying gases and liquids.

Stetter, Joseph R. (Naperville, IL); Maclay, G. Jordan (Maywood, IL)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Building Energy Software Tools Directory : SunAngle Professional...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunAngle Professional Suite Back to Tool SunAngle Excel screenshot SunAngle Java screenshot SunAngle technical manual...

114

Supermassive black hole spin-flip during the inspiral  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During post-Newtonian evolution of a compact binary, a mass ratio different from 1 provides a second small parameter, which can lead to unexpected results. We present a statistics of supermassive black hole candidates, which enables us first to derive their mass distribution, then to establish a logarithmically even probability of the mass ratios at their encounter. In the mass ratio range (1/30,1/3) of supermassive black hole mergers representing 40% of all possible cases, the combined effect of spin-orbit precession and gravitational radiation leads to a spin-flip of the dominant spin during the inspiral phase of the merger. This provides a mechanism for explaining a large set of observations on X-shaped radio galaxies. In another 40%, with mass ratios (1/30,1/1000) a spin-flip never occurs, while in the remaining 20% of mergers with mass ratios (1/3,1) it may occur during the plunge. We analyze the magnitude of the spin-flip angle occurring during the inspiral as function of the mass ratio and original relative orientation of the spin and orbital angular momentum. We also derive a formula for the final spin at the end of the inspiral in this mass ratio range.

László Á. Gergely; Peter L. Biermann; Lauren?iu I. Caramete

2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

115

Spinning fluid cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of a spinning fluid in a flat cosmological model is investigated. The space-time is itself generated by the spinning fluid which is characterized by an energy-momentum tensor consisting a sum of the usual perfect-fluid energy-momentum tensor and some Belinfante-Rosenfeld tensors. It is shown that the equations of motion admit a solution for which the fluid four-velocity and four-momentum are not co-linear in general. The momentum and spin densities of the fluid are expressed in terms of the scale factor.

Morteza Mohseni

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

116

Spinning fluid cosmology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamics of a spinning fluid in a flat cosmological model is investigated. The space-time is itself generated by the spinning fluid which is characterized by an energy-momentum tensor consisting a sum of the usual perfect-fluid energy-momentum tensor and some Belinfante-Rosenfeld tensors. It is shown that the equations of motion admit a solution for which the fluid four-velocity and four-momentum are not co-linear in general. The momentum and spin densities of the fluid are expressed in terms of the scale factor.

Mohseni, Morteza

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Numerical Relativity meets Data Analysis: Spinning Binary Black Hole Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the gravitational waveforms from a series of spinning, equal-mass black hole binaries focusing on the harmonic content of the waves and the contribution of the individual harmonics to the signal-to-noise ratio. The gravitational waves were produced from two series of evolutions with black holes of initial spins equal in magnitude and anti-aligned with each other. In one series the magnitude of the spin is varied; while in the second, the initial angle between the black-hole spins and the orbital angular momentum varies. We also conduct a preliminary investigation into using these waveforms as templates for detecting spinning binary black holes. Since these runs are relativity short, containing about two to three orbits, merger and ringdown, we limit our study to systems of total mass greater than 50 solar masses. This choice ensures that our waveforms are present in the ground-based detector band without needing addition gravitational wave cycles. We find that while the mode contribution to the signal-to-noise ratio varies with the initial angle, the total mass of the system caused greater variations in the match.

Deirdre Shoemaker; Birjoo Vaishnav; Ian Hinder; Frank Herrmann

2008-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

118

Cerenkov radiation of spinning particle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Cerenkov radiation of a neutral particle with magnetic moment is considered, as well as the spin-dependent contribution to the Cerenkov radiation of a charged spinning particle. The corresponding radiation intensity is obtained for an arbitrary value of spin and for an arbitrary spin orientation with respect to velocity.

I. B. Khriplovich

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

119

No magic show: Real-world levitation to inspire better pharmaceuticals |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris) Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris) Argonne scientist Chris Benmore demonstrates his acoustic levitator, which could help to improve the efficiency and quality of pharmaceutical development. (Photo by Dan Harris) No magic show: Real-world levitation to inspire better pharmaceuticals By Jared Sagoff * September 12, 2012 Tweet EmailPrint It's not a magic trick and it's not sleight of hand - scientists really are using levitation to improve the drug development process, eventually yielding more effective pharmaceuticals with fewer side effects. Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a way to use sound waves to levitate individual

120

Spin Observables in Kaon Electroproduction  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The CEBAF accelerator at Jefferson Lab has proven to be a powerful tool for use in studying the electromagnetic production of hadronic systems containing a strange constituent quark. The electromagnetic probe only marginally disturbs the system being investigated, and is well understood. Its use as a means to probe the internal structure of hadronic systems has been well documented. Among the most studied of these hadronic systems, currently, is the nucleon. The unique opportunities afforded by the use of polarized, high-current, high-duty-factor electron beams provides an even more powerful probe of the electromagnetic structure of hadronic systems; the study of the spin dependence of the electromagnetic production and weak decay of the hyperon, specifically the {Lambda}-hyperon, becomes feasible. An experiment to study the electroproduction of the {Lambda} as a function of virtual photon momentum transfer, angle, and energy, using spin polarization observables in order to extract insights into its production and weak decay dynamics has already been approved at Jefferson Lab (E98-101; Spin Polarization in Kaon Electroproduction). The experiment aims to study the mechanism of polarization transfer in the reaction e + p {yields} e' + K + {Lambda}. The experiment requires only moderate momentum resolution and no specialized equipment other than that associated with the polarized beam. The data quality is expected to improve with higher electron beam energies, for higher Q{sup 2} measurements. Additionally, at higher energies the increased virtual photon flux allows the 4experiment to be run at lower currents (and therefore high beam polarization). A polarized electron beam and an unpolarized cryogenic hydrogen target are required. The study uses the electron arm spectrometer and the hadron arm spectrometer to detect the scattered electron and the electroproduced kaon before it decays in flight, respectively. Additionally, the hadron arm will be used to detect the proton from the hyperon decay. The hadron arm used as a hyperon tagger, in general terms, will detect the protons resulting from the weak decays of the hyperons in {Lambda} {yields} p + {pi}.

O.K. Baker

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Design of BPM PU for Low-Beta Proton Beam Using Magic Code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have designed the BPM PU based on capacitive buttons for use in the KOMAC (Korea Multi-purpose Accelerator Complex), the high-intensity proton linac that are under development at the KAERI (Korea Atomic Research Institute), Korea. The KOMAC is aiming to produce CW 20 mA beam current at the 100 MeV energy. We have chosen the button-type PU since it is easier to fabricate than other type PUs including the stripline, and it could provide enough signal power because of the high beam current. The PU sensitivity was calculated by the MAGIC that is a kind of the Particle-In-Cell code that originates from the plasma science community. The utilization of the MAGIC code is especially useful for BPM PUs in the low-beta sections of the accelerator, because it is difficult to obtain the PU sensitivity experimentally due to the difficulties in simulating the low-beta beams by the electromagnetic waves in a test bench. In this presentation, we report on the design of the BPM PU based on the MAGIC calculation.

Park, S J; Bae, Y S; Hwang, W H; Huang, J Y; Nam, S H

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Magic numbers for superheavy nuclei in relativistic continuum Hartree-Bogoliubov theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The magic proton and neutron numbers are searched in the superheavy region with proton number $Z$=100 - 140 and neutron number $N$= ($Z$+30) - (2$Z$+32) by the relativistic continuum Hartree-Bogoliubov (RCHB) theory with interactions NL1, NL3, NLSH, TM1, TW99, DD-ME1, PK1, and PK1R. Based on the two-nucleon separation energies $S_{2p}$ and $S_{2n}$, the two-nucleon gaps $\\delta_{2p}$ and $\\delta_{2n}$, the shell correction energies $E_{shell}^{p}$ and $E_{shell}^{n}$, the pairing energies $E_{pair}^{p}$ and $E_{pair}^{n}$, and the pairing gaps $\\Delta_{p}$ and $\\Delta_{n}$, $Z$=120, 132, and 138 and $N$=172, 184, 198, 228, 238, and 258 are suggested to be the magic numbers within the present approach. The $\\alpha$-decay half-lives are also discussed. In addition, the potential energy surfaces of possible doubly magic nuclei are obtained by the deformation-constrained relativistic mean field (RMF) theory, and the shell effects stabilizing the nuclei are investigated. Furthermore, the formation cross sections of $^{292}_{172}$120 and $^{304}_{184}$120 at the optimal excitation energy are estimated by a phenomenological cold fusion reactions model with the structure information extracted from the constrained RMF calculation.

W. Zhang; J. Meng; S. Q. Zhang; L. S. Geng; H. Toki

2004-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

123

ANALYSIS OF SPIN-ORBIT MISALIGNMENT IN THE ECLIPSING BINARY DI HERCULIS  

SciTech Connect

The eclipsing binary DI Herculis (DI Her) is known to exhibit anomalously slow apsidal precession below the rate predicted by general relativity. Recent measurements of the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect indicate that stellar spins in DI Her are almost orthogonal to the orbital angular momentum, which explains the anomalous precession in agreement with the earlier theoretical suggestion by Shakura. However, these measurements yield only projections of the spin-orbit angles onto the sky plane, leaving the spin projection onto our line of sight unconstrained. Here we describe a method for determining the full three-dimensional spin orientation of the binary components relying on the use of the gravity-darkening effect, which is significant for the rapidly rotating stars in DI Her. Gravity darkening gives rise to a nonuniform brightness distribution over the stellar surface, the pattern of which depends on the stellar spin orientation. Using archival photometric data obtained during multiple eclipses over several decades, we are able to constrain the unknown spin angles in DI Her with this method, finding that the spin axes of both stars lie close to the plane of the sky. Our procedure fully accounts for the precession of stellar spins over the long time span of observations.

Philippov, Alexander A. [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institutsky per. 9, Dolgoprudny, Moscow region 141700 (Russian Federation); Rafikov, Roman R., E-mail: rrr@astro.princeton.edu [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Ivy Lane, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

124

Spin polarization and magnetic dichroism in core-level photoemission from ferromagnets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this thesis we present a theoretical investigation of angle- and spin-resolved core-level photoemission from ferromagnetic Fe and Ni. We also consider magneto-dichroic effects due to reversal of the photon helicity or reversal of the sample magnetization direction. In chapter 1, we provide a brief outline of the history of photoemission, and show how it has played an important role in the development of modern physics. We then review the basic elements of the theory of core-level photoemission, and discuss the validity of the some of the commonly-used approximations. In chapter 2, we present a one-electron theory to calculate spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectra for an arbitrary photon polarization. The Hamiltonian includes both spin-orbit and exchange interactions. As test cases for the theory, we calculate the spin polarization and magnetic dichroism for the Fe 2p core level, and find that agreement with experiment is very good.

Menchero, J.G. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics]|[Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Spinning fluids reactor  

SciTech Connect

A spinning fluids reactor, includes a reactor body (24) having a circular cross-section and a fluid contactor screen (26) within the reactor body (24). The fluid contactor screen (26) having a plurality of apertures and a circular cross-section concentric with the reactor body (24) for a length thus forming an inner volume (28) bound by the fluid contactor screen (26) and an outer volume (30) bound by the reactor body (24) and the fluid contactor screen (26). A primary inlet (20) can be operatively connected to the reactor body (24) and can be configured to produce flow-through first spinning flow of a first fluid within the inner volume (28). A secondary inlet (22) can similarly be operatively connected to the reactor body (24) and can be configured to produce a second flow of a second fluid within the outer volume (30) which is optionally spinning.

Miller, Jan D; Hupka, Jan; Aranowski, Robert

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

126

GSE statistics without spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy levels statistics following the Gaussian Symplectic Ensemble (GSE) of Random Matrix Theory have been predicted theoretically and observed numerically in numerous quantum chaotic systems. However in all these systems there has been one unifying feature: the combination of half-integer spin and time-reversal invariance. Here we provide an alternative mechanism for obtaining GSE statistics that is based on geometric symmetries of a quantum system which alleviates the need for spin. As an example, we construct a quantum graph with a particular discrete symmetry given by the quaternion group Q8. GSE statistics is then observed within one of its subspectra.

Christopher H. Joyner; Sebastian Müller; Martin Sieber

2013-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

127

Spin rotation and oscillation of high energy particles in storage ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Phenomena of rotation and oscillations of particle spin are discussed for particles rotating in storage ring. The fact that these effects are described by spin-dependent part of zero-angle scattering amplitude allows to use them for the measurement of this amplitude at different energies of colliding particles. It is shown that effect magnitudes are large and they can be observed at the existing accelerators.

Vladimir G. Baryshevsky

2001-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

128

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

129

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

130

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Influence of Topological Spin Fluctuations on Charge Transport Print Layered transition metal oxides are the focus of intense research efforts because they might clarify the superconducting mechanism of cuprate high-temperature superconductors (HTSCs). A case in point is NaxCoO2 with x = 0.7, which is a parent compound for a family of cobaltites that exhibits superconductivity. This class of materials is also thought to be ideal for detecting the long-sought resonating valence bond (RVB) state of matter proposed by Philip Anderson of Princeton University in 1973. Researchers from Princeton University and ALS are the first to use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) to demonstrate the strongly electron correlated nature of this material and to provide evidence that charge transport is strongly influenced by topological spin frustration.

131

Spin-Polarized Hydrogen publications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For more information about my work on spin-polarized atomic hydrogen, consult the following papers: Godfried, HP, Eliel ...

132

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Nuclear spin stats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 9.2 Nuclear spin statistics and overall parities. ... Molecule, Rovibrational species, Nuclear spin functions, Overall species, Statistical weight. ...

133

NIST: Methane Symmetry Operations - Nuclear spin functions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Methane Symmetry Operations. 9. Symmetry Properties of Laboratory-Fixed Nuclear Spin Functions, Nuclear Spin Statistics, and Parities. ...

134

Spin Transport in Semiconductor heterostructures  

SciTech Connect

The focus of the research performed under this grant has been the investigation of spin transport in magnetic semiconductor heterostructures. The interest in these systems is motivated both by their intriguing physical properties, as the physical embodiment of a spin-polarized Fermi liquid, as well as by their potential applications as spintronics devices. In our work we have analyzed several different problems that affect the spin dynamics in single and bi-layer spin-polarized two-dimensional (2D) systems. The topics of interests ranged from the fundamental aspects of the electron-electron interactions, to collective spin and charge density excitations and spin transport in the presence of the spin-orbit coupling. The common denominator of these subjects is the impact at the macroscopic scale of the spin-dependent electron-electron interaction, which plays a much more subtle role than in unpolarized electron systems. Our calculations of several measurable parameters, such as the excitation frequencies of magneto-plasma modes, the spin mass, and the spin transresistivity, propose realistic theoretical estimates of the opposite-spin many-body effects, in particular opposite-spin correlations, that can be directly connected with experimental measurements.

Domnita Catalina Marinescu

2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

135

RHIC spin flipper commissioning results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The five AC dipole RHIC spin flipper design in the RHIC Blue ring was first tested during the RHIC 2012 polarized proton operation. The advantage of this design is to eliminate the vertical coherent betatron oscillations outside the spin flipper. The closure of each ac dipole vertical bump was measured with orbital response as well as spin. The effect of the rotating field on the spin motion by the spin flipper was also confirmed by measuring the suppressed resonance at Q{sub s} = 1 - Q{sub osc}.

Bai M.; Roser, T.; Dawson, C.; Kewisch, J.; Makdisi, Y.; Oddo, P.; Pai, C.; Pile, P.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

Torsion-induced spin precession  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the motion of a spinning test particle in a spatially-flat FRW-type space-time in the framework of the Einstein-Cartan theory. The space-time has a torsion arising from a spinning fluid filling the space-time. We show that for spinning particles with nonzero transverse spin components, the torsion induces a precession of particle spin around the direction of the fluid spin. We also show that a charged spinning particle moving in a torsion-less spatially-flat FRW space-time in the presence of a uniform magnetic field undergoes a precession of a different character. PACS: 04.40.Nr, 04.90.+e 1

Morteza Mohseni

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling Print Wednesday, 30 March 2005 00:00 The electronic properties of a metal are determined by the dynamical behavior of its conduction electrons. Conventional band theory accounts for the interaction of the electrons with the static ion lattice. However, coupling to further microscopic degrees of freedom can alter the electron dynamics considerably. For example, "conventional" superconductivity emerges as a result of the electrons' interaction with lattice vibrations (phonons). In magnetic materials, coupling with spin waves (magnons) is also expected. Such interactions may contribute to high-temperature superconductivity in novel materials. Unfortunately, lattice vibrations and spin waves have similar energy scales, hindering detailed study. Researchers have taken a new approach in analyzing the electron bands of ferromagnetic iron. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) provides direct spectroscopic evidence of altered electron mass and energy (quasiparticle formation) in a magnetic solid due to coupling with spin waves.

138

Teleparallel Spin Connection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new expression for the spin connection of teleparallel gravity is proposed, given by minus the contorsion tensor plus a zero connection. The corresponding minimal coupling is covariant under local Lorentz transformation, and equivalent to the minimal coupling prescription of general relativity. With this coupling prescription, therefore, teleparallel gravity turns out to be fully equivalent to general relativity, even in the presence of spinor fields.

V. C. de Andrade; L. C. T. Guillen; J. G. Pereira

2001-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

139

AN ALGORITHM FOR THE GENERATION OF NUCLEAR SPIN SPECIES AND NUCLEAR SPIN STATISTICAL WEIGHTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemistry AN ALGORITHM FOR THE GENERATION OF NUCLEAR SPINSPECIES AND NUCLEAR SPIN STATISTICAL WEIGHTS K.for the Generation of Nuclear Spin and Nuclear Spin

Balasubramanian, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Orientation Angles of a Pulsar's Polarization Vector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A statistical model of the polarization of pulsar radio emission is used to derive the general statistics of a polarization vector's orientation angles. The theoretical distributions are compared with orientation angle histograms computed from single-pulse, polarization observations of PSR B2020+28. The favorable agreement between the theoretical and measured distributions lends support to the underlying assumptions of the statistical model, and demonstrates, like recent work on other pulsars, that the handedness of circular polarization is associated with the radiation's orthogonally polarized modes. Comprehensive directional statistics of the vector's orientation angles are also derived, and are shown to follow the Watson bipolar and Fisher distributions in its limiting forms.

Mark M. McKinnon

2006-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Method and sample spinning apparatus for measuring the NMR spectrum of an orientationally disordered sample  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved NMR apparatus and method are described which substantially improve the resolution of NMR measurements made on powdered or amorphous or otherwise orientationally disordered samples. The apparatus spins the sample about an axis. The angle of the axis is mechanically varied such that the time average of two or more Legendre polynomials are zero.

Pines, Alexander (Berkeley, CA); Samoson, Ago (Tallinn, SU)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

New-generation absolute angle sensors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes new schemes for absolute angle sensors designed on the modern element base (megapixel CCD- and CMOS-matrices). In these schemes communication between a measured object and a receiving module is organized through an optical channel ...

Yu. A. Grodetskii; Yu. E. Dukarevich; Yu. M. Ivanov

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A Practical Pyrgeometer Using the Representative Angle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple directional pyrgeometer is tested and compared with a conventional standard pyrgeometer. The system presented in this article has a narrow directional response and points to the representative zenith angle of 52.5°. Because of its ...

Satoshi Sakai; Aya Ito; Kazuhiro Umetani; Isao Iizawa; Masanori Onishi

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Feedback control of spin systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The feedback stabilization problem for ensembles of coupled spin 1/2 systems is discussed from a control theoretic perspective. The noninvasive nature of the bulk measurement allows for a fully unitary and deterministic closed loop. The Lyapunov-based feedback design presented does not require spins that are selectively addressable. With this method, it is possible to obtain control inputs also for difficult tasks, like suppressing undesired couplings in identical spin systems.

Claudio Altafini

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

145

Theory of Spin Transfer Torque  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... In the phenomenon known as spin transfer torque, a current can give a jolt to thin magnetic layers sandwiched between nonmagnetic materials. ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

146

Spin MOSFETs as a basis for spintronics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article reviews a recently proposed new class of spin transistors referred to as spin metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (spin MOSFETs), and their integrated circuit applications. The fundamental device structures, operating principle, ... Keywords: MOSFETs, Spintronics, spin MOSFETs, spin transistors

Satoshi Sugahara; Masaaki Tanaka

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Spin resonance strength calculations  

SciTech Connect

In calculating the strengths of depolarizing resonances it may be convenient to reformulate the equations of spin motion in a coordinate system based on the actual trajectory of the particle, as introduced by Kondratenko, rather than the conventional one based on a reference orbit. It is shown that resonance strengths calculated by the conventional and the revised formalisms are identical. Resonances induced by radiofrequency dipoles or solenoids are also treated; with rf dipoles it is essential to consider not only the direct effect of the dipole but also the contribution from oscillations induced by it.

Courant,E.D.

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

148

Matched Filtering of Numerical Relativity Templates of Spinning Binary Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Tremendous progress has been made towards the solution of the binary-black-hole problem in numerical relativity. The waveforms produced by numerical relativity will play a role in gravitational wave detection as either test-beds for analytic template banks or as template banks themselves. As the parameter space explored by numerical relativity expands, the importance of quantifying the effect that each parameter has on first the detection of gravitational waves and then the parameter estimation of their sources increases. In light of this, we present a study of equal-mass, spinning binary-black-hole evolutions through matched filtering techniques commonly used in data analysis. We study how the match between two numerical waveforms varies with numerical resolution, initial angular momentum of the black holes and the inclination angle between the source and the detector. This study is limited by the fact that the spinning black-hole-binaries are oriented axially and the waveforms only contain approximately two and a half orbits before merger. We find that for detection purposes, spinning black holes require the inclusion of the higher harmonics in addition to the dominant mode, a condition that becomes more important as the black-hole-spins increase. In addition, we conduct a preliminary investigation of how well a template of fixed spin and inclination angle can detect target templates of arbitrary spin and inclination for the axial case considered here.

Birjoo Vaishnav; Ian Hinder; Frank Herrmann; Deirdre Shoemaker

2007-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

149

BNL | MAGIC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratory) A. Pier Siebesma (KNMI, The Netherlands) Joao Teixeira (Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology) Warren J. Wiscombe (NASA...

150

Foreign Fishery Developments Marine Angling in Australia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with bait, while those using spinning lures number 26 percent; 18 percent utilize pots and/or rings to take in 1983-84 to $2.2 billion (not included in this figure, however, was money spent for hotel/motel etc

151

The MAGIC telescopes DAQ software and the on-the-fly online analysis client  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this contribution we describe the design of the Data AcQuisition (DAQ) and online analysis software of the MAGIC telescopes after the 2012 upgrade. Although the final stereo trigger requires coincidence between the two telescopes, the actual data acquisition is performed independently, producing two separate data streams. Events are first readout and built from the front-end electronics and then stored in the DAQs' internal ring buffer for further processing: pre-calibration and signal extraction. The pixel signals, previously used only for data quality monitoring, are now also sent "on-the-fly" to the centralized online analysis program MOLA, which acts as a single client for the two DAQ data streams, and uses this information to provide preliminary high level analysis results. The integrated DAQ and online analysis programs allows an immediate feedback in case of a rapid gamma-ray flare of the pointed astrophysical source.

Diego Tescaro; Alicia López-Oramas; Abelardo Moralejo; Daniel Mazin; Daniela Hadasch for the MAGIC Collaboration

2013-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

152

THE THEORY OF NUCLEAR FISSION. IV. THE EFFECT OF THE MAGIC NUMBERS ON NUCLEAR FISSION  

SciTech Connect

German) The concepts of fission theory developed in previous works (Ann. Physik (7) 7, 333(1961)) are systematically developed. From the basic conception of shell structure dependent deformation of the fragments at the moment of their separation, magic effects result in the nuclear force potential between both fragments and the mean kinetic energy of the fragments whose interaction makes quantitatively comprehensible the observed fission asymmetry. The spontaneous fission of Cf/sup 252/ is discussed as an example. The symmetric fission of Bi/ sup 209/ (by deuterons) is described. A qualitative clarification is given of the known decrease in fission asymmetry with increased excitation energy on the basis of the general hypotheses developed. (tr-auth)

Brunner, W.; Paul, H.

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Spin Spectrometer at the ALS and APS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5 Spin Spectrometer at the ALS and APS-NIM/SRI07 Figure 3 Ancollected on Beamline 7 at the ALS is shown here. The photonSpin Spectrometer at the ALS and APS-NIM/SRI07 Spin

Tobin, James G; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; University of Missouri-Rolla; Boyd Technologies

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Single spin asymmetries at CLAS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present recent results from Jefferson Lab's CLAS detector on beam and target single-spin asymmetries in single pion electroproduction off unpolarized hydrogen and polarized NH 3 targets. Non-zero single-beam and single-target spin asymmetries are observed for the first time in semi-inclusive and exclusive pion production in hard-scattering kinematics.

Harut Avakian; Latifa Elouadrhiri

2003-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

155

Entanglement of dipolar coupling spins  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entanglement of dipole-dipole interacting spins 1/2 is usually investigated when the energy of interaction with an external magnetic field (the Zeeman energy) is greater than the energy of dipole interactions by three orders. Under this condition only ... Keywords: Dipolar interaction, Entanglement, Spin system

G. B. Furman; V. M. Meerovich; V. L. Sokolovsky

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Molecular spinning by a chiral train of short laser pulses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We provide a detailed theoretical analysis of molecular rotational excitation by a chiral pulse train -- a sequence of linearly polarised pulses with the polarisation direction rotating from pulse to pulse by a controllable angle. Molecular rotation with a preferential rotational sense (clockwise or counter-clockwise) can be excited by this scheme. We show that the directionality of the rotation is caused by quantum interference of different excitation pathways. The chiral pulse train is capable of selective excitation of molecular isotopologues and nuclear spin isomers in a mixture. We demonstrate this using 14N2 and 15N2 as examples for isotopologues, and para- and ortho-nitrogen as examples for nuclear spin isomers.

Johannes Floß; Ilya Sh. Averbukh

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

157

A NEW MEASUREMENT OF THE WEAK MIXING ANGLE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The E158 experiment at SLAC has made the first measurement of parity violation in electron-electron (Moeller) scattering. The authors report a preliminary result using 50% of the accumulated data sample for the right-left parity-violating cross-section asymmetry (A{sub PV}) in the elastic scattering of 45 and 48 GeV polarized electron beams with unpolarized electrons in a liquid hydrogen target. They find A{sub PV} = (-160 {+-} 21(stat.) {+-} 17(syst.)) {center_dot} 10{sup -9}, with a significance of 6.3{sigma} for observing parity violation. In the context of the Standard Model, this yields a measurement of the weak mixing angle, sin{sup 2} {theta}{sub W}{sup {ovr MS}} (Q{sup 2} = 0.026GeV{sup 2}) = 0.2379 {+-} 0.0016(stat.) {+-} 0.0013(syst.). They also present preliminary results for the first observation of a single-spin transverse asymmetry in Moeller scattering.

Woods, M

2004-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

158

Recent Development in Proton Spin Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development in Proton Spin Physics Feng YUAN [8] H. Jackson,investigations. These important physics, together with otherthat the transverse spin physics is playing a very important

Yuan, Feng

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Spin Splitting and Spin Current in Strained Bulk Semiconductors  

SciTech Connect

We present a theory for two recent experiments in bulk strained semiconductors and show that a new, previously overlooked, strain spin-orbit coupling term may play a fundamental role. We propose simple experiments that could clarify the origin of strain-induced spin-orbit coupling terms in inversion asymmetric semiconductors. We predict that a uniform magnetization parallel to the electric field will be induced in the samples studied in for specific directions of the applied electric field. We also propose special geometries to detect spin currents in strained semiconductors.

Bernevig, B.Andrei; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

160

Studies of spin-orbit correlations at JLAB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Studies of single spin asymmetries for pion electroproduction in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering are presented using the polarized \\sim6 GeV electrons from at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) with the Inner Calorimeter. The cross section versus the azimuthal angle {\\phi}_h of the produced neutral pion has a substantial sin {\\phi}_h amplitude. The dependence of this amplitude on Bjorken x_B and on the pion transverse momentum is extracted and compared with published data.

Mher Aghasyan, Harut Avakian

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

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161

Spin-manipulating polarized deuterons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spin dynamics of polarized deuteron beams near depolarization resonances, including a new polarization preservation concept based on specially-designed multiple resonance crossings, has been tested in a series of experiments in the COSY synchrotron. Intricate spin dynamics with sophisticated pre-programmed patterns as well as effects of multiple crossings of a resonance were studied both theoretically and experimentally with excellent agreement. Possible applications of these results to preserve, manipulate and spin-flip polarized beams in synchrotrons and storage rings are discussed.

Morozov, V S; Krisch, A D; Leonova, M A; Raymond, R S; Sivers, D W; Wong, V K; Hinterberger, F; Kondratenko, A M

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Beating the spin-down limit on gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present direct upper limits on continuous gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar using data from the Virgo detector's second science run. These upper limits have been obtained using three independent methods that assume the gravitational wave emission follows the radio timing. Two of the methods produce frequentist upper limits for an assumed known orientation of the star's spin axis and value of the wave polarization angle of, respectively, $1.9\\ee{-24}$ and $2.2\\ee{-24}$, with 95% confidence. The third method, under the same hypothesis, produces a Bayesian upper limit of $2.1\\ee{-24}$, with 95% degree of belief. These limits are below the indirect {\\it spin-down limit} of $3.3\\ee{-24}$ for the Vela pulsar, defined by the energy loss rate inferred from observed decrease in Vela's spin frequency, and correspond to a limit on the star ellipticity of $\\sim 10^{-3}$. Slightly less stringent results, but still well below the spin-down limit, are obtained assuming the star's spin axis inclination and the wave polarization angles are unknown.

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration; the Virgo Collaboration; J. Abadie; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; M. Abernathy; T. Accadia; F. Acernese; C. Adams; R. Adhikari; C. Affeldt; B. Allen; G. S. Allen; E. Amador Ceron; D. Amariutei; R. S. Amin; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; F. Antonucci; K. Arai; M. A. Arain; M. C. Araya; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; D. Atkinson; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. Baker; G. Ballardin; S. Ballmer; D. Barker; S. Barnum; F. Barone; B. Barr; P. Barriga; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; M. Bastarrika; A. Basti; J. Bauchrowitz; Th. S. Bauer; B. Behnke; M. Bejger; M. G. Beker; A. S. Bell; A. Belletoile; I. Belopolski; M. Benacquista; A. Bertolini; J. Betzwieser; N. Beveridge; P. T. Beyersdorf; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; S. Birindelli; R. Biswas; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; E. Black; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; D. Blair; B. Bland; M. Blom; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; C. Bogan; R. Bondarescu; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; S. Bose; L. Bosi; B. Bouhou; M. Boyle; S. Braccini; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; J. E. Brau; J. Breyer; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; M. Britzger; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; A. Brummit; R. Budzy?ski; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; J. Burguet--Castell; O. Burmeister; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; R. L. Byer; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; J. Cain; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; E. Campagna; P. Campsie; J. Cannizzo; K. Cannon; B. Canuel; J. Cao; C. Capano; F. Carbognani; S. Caride; S. Caudill; M. Cavaglià; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; O. Chaibi; T. Chalermsongsak; E. Chalkley; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; S. Chelkowski; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; N. Christensen; S. S. Y. Chua; C. T. Y. Chung; S. Chung; F. Clara; D. Clark; J. Clark; J. H. Clayton; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; C. N. Colacino; J. Colas; A. Colla; M. Colombini; R. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; D. M. Coward; D. C. Coyne; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; A. M. Cruise; R. M. Culter; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; K. Dahl; S. L. Danilishin; R. Dannenberg; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; K. Das; V. Dattilo; B. Daudert; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; T. Dayanga; R. De Rosa; D. DeBra; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; M. del Prete; T. Dent; V. Dergachev; R. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; M. Di Paolo Emilio; A. Di Virgilio; M. Díaz; A. Dietz; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Dorsher; E. S. D. Douglas; M. Drago; R. W. P. Drever; J. C. Driggers; J. -C. Dumas; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; M. Edgar; M. Edwards; A. Effler; P. Ehrens; R. Engel; T. Etzel; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; Y. Fan; B. F. Farr; D. Fazi; H. Fehrmann; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. S. Finn; I. Fiori; R. Flaminio; M. Flanigan; S. Foley; E. Forsi; L. A. Forte; N. Fotopoulos; J. -D. Fournier; J. Franc; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; M. Frede; M. Frei; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; D. Friedrich; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; P. Fulda; M. Fyffe; M. Galimberti; L. Gammaitoni; J. Garcia; J. A. Garofoli; F. Garufi; M. E. Gáspár; G. Gemme; E. Genin; A. Gennai; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; S. Giampanis; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; C. Gill; E. Goetz; L. M. Goggin; G. González; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Goßler; R. Gouaty; C. Graef; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; C. Greverie; R. Grosso; H. Grote; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. Guido; R. Gupta; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; B. Hage; J. M. Hallam; D. Hammer; G. Hammond; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; J. Hanson; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; E. D. Harstad; M. T. Hartman; K. Haughian; K. Hayama; J. -F. Hayau; T. Hayler; J. Heefner; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; M. A. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; V. Herrera; M. Hewitson; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; K. Holt; T. Hong; S. Hooper; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. J. Howell; D. Huet; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; T. Isogai; A. Ivanov; P. Jaranowski; W. W. Johnson; D. I. Jones; G. Jones; R. Jones; L. Ju; P. Kalmus; V. Kalogera; S. Kandhasamy; J. B. Kanner; E. Katsavounidis; W. Katzman; K. Kawabe; S. Kawamura; F. Kawazoe; W. Kells; M. Kelner; D. G. Keppel; A. Khalaidovski; F. Y. Khalili; E. A. Khazanov; H. Kim; N. Kim; P. J. King; D. L. Kinzel; J. S. Kissel; S. Klimenko; V. Kondrashov; R. Kopparapu; S. Koranda; W. Z. Korth; I. Kowalska; D. Kozak; V. Kringel; S. Krishnamurthy; B. Krishnan; A. Królak; G. Kuehn; R. Kumar; P. Kwee; M. Landry; B. Lantz; N. Lastzka; A. Lazzarini; P. Leaci; J. Leong; I. Leonor; N. Leroy; N. Letendre; J. Li; T. G. F. Li; N. Liguori; P. E. Lindquist; N. A. Lockerbie; D. Lodhia; M. Lorenzini; V. Loriette; M. Lormand; G. Losurdo; P. Lu; J. Luan; M. Lubinski

2011-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

163

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SunAngle Professional Suite  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SunAngle Professional Suite SunAngle Professional Suite SunAngle Professional logo. More sophisticated, robust, and well-documented version of SunAngle for people interested in better understanding the calculation methodology or developing their own solar angle calculation tools. The Professional Suite includes well-documented HTML/JavaScript and Microsoft Excel versions of SunAngle, plus a detailed technical manual explaining how to perform all of the underlying calculations. Screen Shots Keywords sun angle, solar calculator Validation/Testing Outputs of the SunAngle Professional Suite were compared to published standard sources of solar angle data; this is documented in the SunAngle Technical Manual. Expertise Required Knowledge of HTML, JavaScript, and/or Microsoft Excel, if the user wishes

164

Kinetics of spin relaxation in quantum wires and channels: Boundary spin echo and formation of a persistent spin helix  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we use a spin kinetic equation to study spin-polarization dynamics in one-dimensional (1D) wires and 2D channels. The spin kinetic equation is valid in both diffusive and ballistic spin transport regimes and therefore is more general than the usual spin drift-diffusion equations. In particular, we demonstrate that in infinite 1D wires with Rashba spin-orbit interaction the exponential spin-relaxation decay can be modulated by an oscillating function. In the case of spin relaxation in finite length 1D wires, it is shown that an initially homogeneous spin polarization spontaneously transforms into a persistent spin helix. We find that a propagating spin-polarization profile reflects from a system boundary and returns back to its initial position similarly to the reflectance of sound waves from an obstacle. The Green's function of the spin kinetic equation is derived for both finite and infinite 1D systems. Moreover, we demonstrate explicitly that the spin relaxation in specifically oriented 2D channels with Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions of equal strength occurs similarly to that in 1D wires of finite length. Finally, a simple transformation mapping 1D spin kinetic equation into the Klein-Gordon equation with an imaginary mass is found thus establishing an interesting connection between semiconductor spintronics and relativistic quantum mechanics.

Slipko, Valeriy A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and USC Nanocenter, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States); Department of Physics and Technology, V. N. Karazin Kharkov National University, Kharkov 61077 (Ukraine); Pershin, Yuriy V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and USC Nanocenter, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina 29208 (United States)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Switched Control of Electron Nuclear Spin Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article, we study control of electron-nuclear spin dynamics at magnetic field strengths where the Larmor frequency of the nucleus is comparable to the hyperfine coupling strength. The quantization axis for the nuclear spin differs from the static B_0 field direction and depends on the state of the electron spin. The quantization axis can be switched by flipping the state of electron spin, allowing for universal control on nuclear spin states. We show that by performing a sequence of flips (each followed by a suitable delay), we can perform any desired rotation on the nuclear spins, which can also be conditioned on the state of the electron spin. These operations, combined with electron spin rotations can be used to synthesize any unitary transformation on the coupled electron-nuclear spin system. We discuss how these methods can be used for design of experiments for transfer of polarization from the electron to the nuclear spins.

Navin Khaneja

2007-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

166

Nematic State of Pnictides Stabilized by Interplay between Spin, Orbital, and Lattice Degrees of Freedom  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nematic state of the iron-based superconductors is studied in the undoped limit of the three-orbital (xz, yz, xy) spin-fermion model via the introduction of lattice degrees of freedom. Monte Carlo simulations show that in order to stabilize the experimentally observed lattice distortion and nematic order, and to reproduce photoemission experiments, both the spin-lattice and orbital-lattice couplings are needed. The interplay between their respective coupling strengths regulates the separation between the structural and Ne el transition temperatures. Experimental results for the temperature dependence of the resistivity anisotropy and the angle-resolved photoemission orbital spectral weight are reproduced by the present numerical simulations.

Liang, Shuhua [ORNL; Moreo, Adriana [ORNL; Dagotto, Elbio R [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Measurement of the Spin-Orbit Alignment in the Exoplanetary System HD 189733  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present spectroscopy of a transit of the exoplanet HD 189733b. By modeling the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect (the anomalous Doppler shift due to the partial eclipse of the rotating stellar surface), we find the angle between the sky projections of the stellar spin axis and orbit normal to be lambda = -1.4 +/- 1.1 deg. This is the third case of a ``hot Jupiter'' for which lambda has been measured. In all three cases lambda is small, ruling out random orientations with 99.96% confidence, and suggesting that the inward migration of hot Jupiters generally preserves spin-orbit alignment.

Joshua N. Winn; John A. Johnson; Geoffrey W. Marcy; R. Paul Butler; Steven S. Vogt; Gregory W. Henry; Anna Roussanova; Matthew J. Holman; Keigo Enya; Norio Narita; Yasushi Suto; Edwin L. Turner

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

168

Two Wien Filter Spin Flipper  

SciTech Connect

A new 4pi spin manipulator composed of two Wien filters oriented orthogonally and separated by two solenoids has been installed at the CEBAF/Jefferson Lab photoinjector. The new spin manipulator is used to precisely set the electron spin direction at an experiment in any direction (in or out of plane of the accelerator) and provides the means to reverse, or flip, the helicity of the electron beam on a daily basis. This reversal is being employed to suppress systematic false asymmetries that can jeopardize challenging parity violation experiments that strive to measure increasingly small physics asymmetries [*,**,***]. The spin manipulator is part of the ultra-high vacuum polarized electron source beam line and has been successfully operated with 100keV and 130keV electron beam at high current (>100 microAmps). A unique feature of the device is that spin-flipping requires only the polarity of one solenoid magnet be changed. Performance characteristics of the Two Wien Filter Spin Flipper will be summarized.

Grames, J M; Benesch, J F; Clark, J; Hansknecht, J; Kazimi, R; Machie, D; Poelker, M; Stutzman, M L; Suleiman, R

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Solar concentrator with restricted exit angles  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device is provided for the collection and concentration of radiant energy and includes at least one reflective side wall. The wall directs incident radiant energy to the exit aperture thereof or onto the surface of energy absorber positioned at the exit aperture so that the angle of incidence of radiant energy at the exit aperture or on the surface of the energy absorber is restricted to desired values.

Rabl, Arnulf (Downers Grove, IL); Winston, Roland (Chicago, IL)

1978-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

170

Small Angle X-Ray Scattering Detector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A detector for time-resolved small-angle x-ray scattering includes a nearly constant diameter, evacuated linear tube having an end plate detector with a first fluorescent screen and concentric rings of first fiber optic bundles for low angle scattering detection and an annular detector having a second fluorescent screen and second fiber optic bundles concentrically disposed about the tube for higher angle scattering detection. With the scattering source, i.e., the specimen under investigation, located outside of the evacuated tube on the tube's longitudinal axis, scattered x-rays are detected by the fiber optic bundles, to each of which is coupled a respective photodetector, to provide a measurement resolution, i.e., dq/q, where q is the momentum transferred from an incident x-ray to an x-ray scattering specimen, of 2% over two (2) orders of magnitude in reciprocal space, i.e., qmax/qmin approx=lO0.

Hessler, Jan P.

2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

Spin-dipole excitations studied with tensor polarised deuteron beams  

SciTech Connect

Taking advantage of the spin, isospin and J{sup {pi}} selectivity of cross sections and analysing powers of the tensor polarised {sup 12}C(d-vector,{sup 2}He) reaction, the J{sup {pi}} = 0{sup -},1{sup -}2{sup -} components of the spin-dipole resonance in {sup 12}B have been investigated. The experiment was performed at the Big-Bite Spectrometer of the KVI taking advantage of purely tensor polarised deuteron beams provided by the AGOR cyclotron. The unique energy resolution achieved at KVI allowed determination of analysing powers for well resolved transitions up to 5 MeV excitation energy. The analysing powers of states with known spin and parity provided the means for the first-time for verification of model-independent predictions of analysing powers at extreme forward angles. In the continuum region, the analysing powers allowed identification of the J{sup {pi}} components of the IVSGDR, including a 0{sup -} component located at E{sub x} = 9.3 MeV.

Woertche, H. J. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut (KVI) University of Groningen (Netherlands)

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

172

Spin hall effect in paramagnetic thin films  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spintronics, an abbreviation of spin based electronics and also known as magneto electronics, has attracted a lot of interest in recent years. It aims to explore the role of electrons’ spins in building next generation electric devices. Using electrons’ spins rather than electrons’ charges may allow faster, lower energy cost devices. Spin Hall Effect is an important subfield of spintronics. It studies spin current, spin transport, and spin accumulation in paramagnetic systems. It can further understanding of quantum physics, device physics, and may also provide insights for spin injection, spin detection and spin manipulation in the design of the next generation spintronics devices. In this experimental work, two sets of experiments were prepared to detect the Spin Hall Effect in metallic systems. The first set of experiments aims to extract Spin Hall Effect from Double Hall Effect in micrometer size metal thin film patterns. Our experiments proved that the Spin Hall Effect signal was much smaller than the theoretically calculated value due to higher electrical resistivity in evaporated thin films. The second set of experiments employs a multi-step process. It combines micro fabrication and electrochemical method to fabricate a perpendicular ferromagnet rod as a spin injector. Process description and various techniques to improve the measurement sensitivity are presented. Measurement results in aluminum, gold and copper are presented in Chapters III, IV and V. Some new experiments are suggested in Chapters V and VI.

Xu, Huachun

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Detection and Control of Individual Nuclear Spins Using a Weakly Coupled Electron Spin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We experimentally isolate, characterize, and coherently control up to six individual nuclear spins that are weakly coupled to an electron spin in diamond. Our method employs multipulse sequences on the electron spin that resonantly amplify the interaction with a selected nuclear spin and at the same time dynamically suppress decoherence caused by the rest of the spin bath. We are able to address nuclear spins with interaction strengths that are an order of magnitude smaller than the electron spin dephasing rate. Our results provide a route towards tomography with single-nuclear-spin sensitivity and greatly extend the number of available quantum bits for quantum information processing in diamond.

Taminiau, T.H.; Wagenaar, J.J.T.; van der Sar, T.; Jelezko, F.; Dobrovitski, Viatcheslav V.; Hanson, R.

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

174

Classically spinning and isospinning solitons  

SciTech Connect

We investigate classically spinning topological solitons in (2+1)- and (3+1)-dimensional models; more explicitely spinning sigma model solitons in 2+1 dimensions and Skyrme solitons in 2+1 and 3+1 dimensions. For example, such types of solitons can be used to describe quasiparticle excitations in ferromagnetic quantum Hall systems or to model spin and isospin states of nuclei. The standard way to obtain solitons with quantised spin and isospin is the semiclassical quantization procedure: One parametrizes the zero-mode space - the space of energy-degenerate soliton configurations generated from a single soliton by spatial translations and rotations in space and isospace - by collective coordinates which are then taken to be time-dependent. This gives rise to additional dynamical terms in the Hamiltonian which can then be quantized following semiclassical quantization rules. A simplification which is often made in the literature is to apply a simple adiabatic approximation to the (iso)rotational zero modes of the soliton by assuming that the soliton's shape is rotational frequency independent. Our numerical results on classically spinning arbitrarily deforming soliton solutions clearly show that soliton deformation cannot be ignored.

Battye, Richard A.; Haberichter, Mareike [Jodrell Bank Centre for Astrophysics, University of Manchester, Manchester M13 9PL (United Kingdom)

2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

175

Hestenes' Tetrad and Spin Connections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Defining a spin connection is necessary for formulating Dirac's bispinor equation in a curved space-time. Hestenes has shown that a bispinor field is equivalent to an orthonormal tetrad of vector fields together with a complex scalar field. In this paper, we show that using Hestenes' tetrad for the spin connection in a Riemannian space-time leads to a Yang-Mills formulation of the Dirac Lagrangian in which the bispinor field is mapped to a set of Yang-Mills gauge potentials and a complex scalar field. This result was previously proved for a Minkowski space-time using Fierz identities. As an application we derive several different non-Riemannian spin connections found in the literature directly from an arbitrary linear connection acting on Hestenes' tetrad and scalar fields. We also derive spin connections for which Dirac's bispinor equation is form invariant. Previous work has not considered form invariance of the Dirac equation as a criterion for defining a general spin connection.

Frank Reifler; Randall Morris

2007-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

176

Nano-Signals Get a Boost from Magnetic Spin Waves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nano-Signals Get a Boost from Magnetic Spin Waves. ... Electrical measurement of spin-wave interactions of proximate spin transfer nano-oscillators. ...

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

177

Theoretical study of a localized quantum spin reversal by the sequential injection of spins in a spin quantum dot  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This is a theoretical study of the reversal of a localized quantum spin induced by sequential injection of spins for a spin quantum dot that has a quantum spin. The system consists of ``electrode/quantum well(QW)/dot/QW/electrode" junctions, in which the left QW has an energy level of conduction electrons with only up-spin. We consider a situation in which up-spin electrons are sequentially injected from the left electrode into the dot through the QW and an exchange interaction acts between the electrons and the localized spin. To describe the sequentially injected electrons, we propose a simple method based on approximate solutions from the time-dependent Schr$\\ddot{\\rm o}$dinger equation. Using this method, it is shown that the spin reversal occurs when the right QW has energy levels of conduction electrons with only down-spin. In particular, the expression of the reversal time of a localized spin is derived and the upper and lower limits of the time are clearly expressed. This expression is expected to be useful for a rough estimation of the minimum relaxation time of the localized spin to achieve the reversal. We also obtain analytic expressions for the expectation value of the localized spin and the electrical current as a function of time. In addition, we found that a system with the non-magnetic right QW exhibits spin reversal or non-reversal depending on the exchange interaction.

Satoshi Kokado; Kazumasa Ueda; Kikuo Harigaya; Akimasa Sakuma

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

178

Regge calculus from a new angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Regge calculus space time is usually approximated by a triangulation with flat simplices. We present a formulation using simplices with constant sectional curvature adjusted to the presence of a cosmological constant. As we will show such a formulation allows to replace the length variables by 3d or 4d dihedral angles as basic variables. Moreover we will introduce a first order formulation, which in contrast to using flat simplices, does not require any constraints. These considerations could be useful for the construction of quantum gravity models with a cosmological constant.

Benjamin Bahr; Bianca Dittrich

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

179

COMMISSIONING SPIN ROTATORS IN RHIC.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the summer of 2002, eight superconducting helical spin rotators were installed into RHIC in order to control the polarization directions independently at the STAR and PHENIX experiments. Without the rotators, the orientation of polarization at the interaction points would only be vertical. With four rotators around each of the two experiments, we can rotate either or both beams from vertical into the horizontal plane through the interaction region and then back to vertical on the other side. This allows independent control for each beam with vertical, longitudinal, or radial polarization at the experiment. In this paper, we present results from the first run using the new spin rotators at PHENIX.

Mackay, W W; Bai, M; Courant, E D; Fischer, W; Huang, H; Luccio, A; Montag, C; Pilat, F; Ptitsyn, V; Roser, T; Satogata, T; Trbojevic, D

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

180

Top Quark Spin Correlations - Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The top quark decay width (G{sub F}m{sub t}{sup 3} {approx} 1 GeV) is much larger than the QCD hadronization scale ({Lambda}{sub QCD} {approx} 0.1 GeV) and much larger than the spin decorrelation scale ({Lambda}{sub QCD}{sup 2}/m{sub t} {approx} 0.1 MeV). Therefore, spin correlations in top quark pair production are reflected in angular correlations of the decay products, see [1] and [2].

Parke, Stephen J.; /Fermilab

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Software Model Checking with SPIN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The aim of this chapter is to give an overview ofthe theoretical foundation and the practical application of logic model checking techniques for the verification of multi-threaded software (rather than hardware) systems. The treatment is focused on the logic model checker SPIN, which was designed for this specific domain of application. SPIN implements an automata-theoretic method of verification. Although the tool has been available for over 15years, it continues to ev olve, adopting new optimization strategies from time to time to help it tackle larger verification problems. This chapter explains how the tool works, and

Gerard J. Holzmann

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Alternative IR geometries for TESLA with a small crossing angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The formulation of hybrid crossing angle schemes has been a recent development of the TESLA collision geometry debate. Here we report on two such schemes, characterised by either a small vertical or horizontal beam crossing angle.

R. Appleby; D. Angal-Kalinin; P. Bambade; B. Mouton; O. Napoly; J. Payet; the TESLA Collaboration

2004-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

183

Anomalous and resonance small angle scattering  

SciTech Connect

Significant changes in the small angle scattered intensity can be induced by making measurements with radiation close to an absorption edge of an appropriate atomic species contained in the sample. These changes can be related quantitatively to the real and imaginary anomalous dispersion terms for the scattering factor (x-rays) or scattering length (neutrons). The physics inherent in these anomalous dispersion terms is first discussed before considering how they enter the relevant scattering theory. Two major areas of anomalous scattering research have emerged; macromolecules in solution and unmixing of metallic alloys. Research in each area is reviewed, illustrating both the feasibility and potential of these techniques. All the experimental results reported to date have been obtained with x-rays. However, it is pointed out that the formalism is the same or the analogue experiment with neutrons, and a number of suitable isotopes exist which exhibit resonance in an accessible range of energy. Potential applications of resonance small-angle neutron scatterings are discussed. 8 figs.

Epperson, J.E.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Anomalous and resonance small angle scattering: Revision  

SciTech Connect

Significant changes in the small angle scattered intensity can be induced by making measurements with radiation close to an absorption edge of an appropriate atomic species contained in the sample. These changes can be related quantitatively to the real and imaginary anomalous dispersion terms for the scattering factor (x-rays) or scattering length (neutrons). The physics inherent in these anomalous dispersion terms is first discussed before considering how they enter the relevant scattering theory. Two major areas of anomalous scattering research have emerged; macromolecules in solution and unmixing of metallic alloys. Research in each area is reviewed, illustrating both the feasibility and potential of these techniques. All the experimental results reported to date have been obtained with x-rays. However, it is pointed out that the formalism is the same for the analogue experiment with neutrons, and a number of suitable isotopes exist which exhibit resonance in an accessible range of energy. Potential applications of resonance small angle neutron scatterings are discussed. 54 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Epperson, J.E.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1987-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

ON THE SPIN-DOWN OF INTERMITTENT PULSARS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetospheres of pulsars are thought to be filled with plasma, and variations in plasma supply can affect both pulsar emission properties and spin-down rates. A number of recently discovered 'intermittent' pulsars switch between two distinct states: an 'on', radio-loud state, and an 'off', radio-quiet state. Spin-down rates in the two states differ by a large factor, {approx}1.5-2.5, which is not easily understood in the context of current models. In this Letter, we present self-consistent numerical solutions of 'on' and 'off' states of intermittent pulsar magnetospheres. We model the 'on' state as a nearly ideal force-free magnetosphere with abundant magnetospheric plasma supply. The lack of radio emission in the 'off' state is associated with plasma supply disruption that results in lower plasma density on the open field lines. We model the 'off' state using nearly vacuum conditions on the open field lines and nearly ideal force-free conditions on the closed field lines, where plasma can remain trapped even in the absence of pair production. The toroidal advection of plasma in the closed zone in the 'off' state causes spin-downs that are a factor of {approx}2 higher than vacuum values, and we naturally obtain a range of spin-down ratios between the 'on' and 'off' states, {approx}1.2-2.9, which corresponds to a likely range of pulsar inclination angles of 30 Degree-Sign -90 Degree-Sign . We consider the implications of our model to a number of poorly understood but possibly related pulsar phenomena, including nulling, timing noise, and rotating radio transients.

Li, Jason; Spitkovsky, Anatoly [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Peyton Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Tchekhovskoy, Alexander, E-mail: jgli@astro.princeton.edu [Princeton Center for Theoretical Science, Jadwin Hall, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

2012-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

186

Medium energy pitch angle distribution during substorm injected electron clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Medium energy pitch angle distribution during substorm injected electron clouds A. A° snes,1 J, N. �stgaard, and M. Thomsen (2005), Medium energy pitch angle distribution during substorm injected to obtain pitch angle resolved electron distribution data for measurements at energies 10 eV to 47 keV. [3

Bergen, Universitetet i

187

Large-angle Parabolic Equation Methods James T. Kirby*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER 32 Large-angle Parabolic Equation Methods James T. Kirby* Large-angle parabolic equation of the parabolic equation method (PEM) to any relevant wave propagation problem implies that a principal is to examine two methods of extending the basic parabolic equation method to include large-angle effects

Kirby, James T.

188

FINITE DIFFERENCE METHODS FOR THE WIDE-ANGLE `PARABOLIC' EQUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FINITE DIFFERENCE METHODS FOR THE WIDE-ANGLE `PARABOLIC' EQUATION GEORGIOS AKRIVIS Abstract. We consider a model initial and boundary value problem for the wide-angle `parabolic' equation Lur = icu, the wide-angle `parabolic'equation of underwater acoustics. Given R > 0, µ 0, > 0, , and q real

Akrivis, Georgios

189

Spin tracking in RHIC (Code Spink)  

SciTech Connect

The evolution of the spin during acceleration in the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) has been studied with a new numerical code, Spink. Results of spin tracking through resonances are shown.

Luccio, A.U.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

190

Control of single spin in Markovian environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we study the control of single spin in Markovian environment. Given an initial state, we compute all the possible states to which the spin can be driven at arbitrary time, under the assumption that fast ...

Yuan, Haidong

191

Efficient Spin Injection using Tunnel Injectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Semiconductor spintronics aims to develop novel sensor, memory and logic devices by manipulating the spin states of carriers in semiconducting materials. This talk will focus on electrical spin injection into semiconductors, which is a prerequisite for ...

Xin Jiang

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Nucleon spin physics at Jefferson Lab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this talk I shall review some of the important results from the spin physics program at JLab and give an outlook for the 12 GeV upgrade spin program.

Zein-Eddine Meziani

2006-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

193

Spin liquids, exotic phases and phase transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spin liquid, or featureless Mott-Insulator, is a theoretical state of matter firstly motivated from study on High-Tc superconductor. The most striking property of spin liquids is that they do not break any physical symmetry, ...

Ran, Ying

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Electron Correlation and the Nuclear Spin—Spin Coupling Constant. I. An Alternant Molecular Orbital Description of Nuclear Spin—Spin Coupling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A theoretical description of contact nuclear spin—spin coupling is presented in terms of the density?matrix formalism and the approximation of an ``average excitation energy''. For a molecular system in a singlet state the density of spin coupling is proportional to the difference between the correlation functions for electrons of the same and opposite spins. Application of the one?parameter alternant molecular orbital (AMO) method

Michael Barfield

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Discovery of Very High Energy Gamma-Rays from the Distant Flat Spectrum Radio Quasar 3C 279 with the MAGIC Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quasar 3C 279 is one of the best-studied flat spectrum radio quasars. It is located at a comparatively large redshift of z=0.536: E>100 GeV observations of such distant sources were until recently impossible both due to the expected steep energy spectrum and the expected attenuation of the gamma-rays by the extragalactic background light. Here we present results on the observation of 3C 279 with the MAGIC telescope in early 2006. We report the detection of a significant very high energy gamma-ray signal in the MAGIC energy range on the observation night of 2006 February 23.

Masahiro Teshima; Elisa Prandini; Rudolf Bock; Manel Errando; Daniel Kranich; Pratik Majumdar; Daniel Mazin; Elina Lindfors; Eckart Lorenz; Mose Mariotti; Villi Scalzotto; Robert Wagner

2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

196

Spin-forming Project Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a second development order, spin-forming equipment was again evaluated using the test shape, a hemispherical shell. In this second development order, pure vanadium and alloy titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) were spin-formed, as well as additional copper and 21-6-9 stainless. In the first development order the following materials had been spin-formed: copper (alloy C11000 ETP), 6061 aluminum, 304L stainless steel, 21-6-9 stainless steel, and tantalum-2.5% tungsten. Significant challenges included properly adjusting the rotations-per-minute (RPM), cracking at un-beveled edges and laser marks, redressing of notches, surface cracking, non-uniform temperature evolution in the titanium, and cracking of the tailstock. Lessons learned were that 300 RPM worked better than 600 RPM for most materials (at the feed rate of 800 mm/min); beveling the edges to lower the stress reduces edge cracking; notches, laser marks, or edge defects in the preform doom the process to cracking and failure; coolant is required for vanadium spin-forming; increasing the number of passes to nine or more eliminates surface cracking for vanadium; titanium develops a hot zone in front of the rollers; and the tailstock should be redesigned to eliminate the cylindrical stress concentrator in the center.

Switzner, Nathan; Henry, Dick

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

197

Spin Transport and Relaxation in Graphene and Germanium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Fig. 1-8, electrical spin transport in Si . . . . . . . . .21 Chapter 2: Theoretical view of spin transport and

Han, Wei

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix ina Spin-orbit Coupled System  

SciTech Connect

Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.

Bernevig, B.A.; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /Santa Barbara, KITP; Orenstein, J.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2007-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

199

An Exact SU(2) Symmetry and Persistent Spin Helix in a Spin-Orbit Coupled System  

SciTech Connect

Spin-orbit coupled systems generally break the spin rotation symmetry. However, for a model with equal Rashba and Dresselhauss coupling constant (the ReD model), and for the [110] Dresselhauss model, a new type of SU(2) spin rotation symmetry is discovered. This symmetry is robust against spin-independent disorder and interactions, and is generated by operators whose wavevector depends on the coupling strength. It renders the spin lifetime infinite at this wavevector, giving rise to a Persistent Spin Helix (PSH). We obtain the spin fluctuation dynamics at, and away, from the symmetry point, and suggest experiments to observe the PSH.

Bernevig, Andrei

2010-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

200

Eastern Interconnection Phase Angle Base Lining Study  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

bhargava@electricpowergroup.com June 27-28, 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Topics  Project objective  Major technical accomplishments that will be completed this year-stage in RD&D cycle  Deliverables and schedule for activities to be completed under FY13 funding  Risk factors affecting timely completion of planned activities as well as movement through RD&D cycle  Early thoughts on follow-on work that should be considered for funding in FY14 Project Objective  Operators monitor power flows at specific interchange points (such as Keystone-Juniata). However, power flows may not be a good measure of wide area system stress  Phasor networks provide the capability to monitor phase angle

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Spin angular momentum transfer in current-perpendicular nanomagnetic junctions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Spin angular momentum transfer, or spin-transfer, describes the transfer of spin angular momentum between a spin-polarized current and a ferromagnetic conductor. The angular momentum transfer exerts a torque (spin-current induced torque, or spin-torque) ...

J. Z. Sun

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Discovery of Very High Energy Gamma-Ray Emission from 1FGL J2001.1 4351 by MAGIC  

SciTech Connect

We report the discovery of Very High Energy (VHE; >100 GeV) gamma-ray emission from the source 1FGL J2001.1+4351, (RA 20 01 13.5, dec 43 53 02.8, J2000), which is positionally consistent with the location of the flat spectrum radio source MG4 J200112+4352 (RA 20 01 12.9, dec 43 52 52.8, J2000). The VHE detection is based on a 1.5 hour-long observation performed on July 16th in stereoscopic mode with the two 17m diameter imaging Cherenkov telescopes on La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain. The preliminary analysis of the MAGIC data using the standard cuts optimized for soft energy spectra sources yields a detection of 125 gamma-rays above 90 GeV, corresponding to a pre-trail statistical significance of 7.6 standard deviations. The observed flux is estimated to be {approx}20% of the Crab nebula flux above 100 GeV. Earlier MAGIC observations indicated a substantially lower flux; hence indicating that the source is variable on a few days timescale.

Berger, Karsten; /IAC, La Laguna /Laguna U., Tenerife; Paneque, David; /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /SLAC; Giavitto, Gianluca; /Barcelona, IFAE

2012-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

203

Model for Entangled States with Spin-Spin Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A system consisting of two neutral spin 1/2 particles is analyzed for two magnetic field perturbations: 1) an inhomogeneous magnetic field over all space, and 2) external fields over a half space containing only one of the particles. The field is chosen to point from one particle to the other, which results in essentially a one-dimensional problem. A number of interesting features are revealed for the first case: the singlet, which has zero potential energy in the unperturbed case, remains unstable in the perturbing field. The spin zero component of the triplet evolves into a bound state with a double well potential, with the possibility of tunneling. Superposition states can be constructed which oscillate between entangled and unentangled states. For the second case, we show that changes in the magnetic field around one particle affect measurements of the spin of the entangled particle not in the magnetic field nonlocally. By using protective measurements, we show it is possible in principle to establish a nonlocal interaction using the two particles, provided the dipole-dipole potential energy does not vanish and is comparable to the potential energy of the particle in the external field.

Yakir Aharonov; Jeeva Anandan; G. Jordan Maclay; Jun Suzuki

2004-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

204

Beating the spin-down limit on gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present direct upper limits on continuous gravitational wave emission from the Vela pulsar using data from the Virgo detector's second science run. These upper limits have been obtained using three independent methods that assume the gravitational wave emission follows the radio timing. Two of the methods produce frequentist upper limits for an assumed known orientation of the star's spin axis and value of the wave polarization angle of, respectively, $1.9\\ee{-24}$ and $2.2\\ee{-24}$, with 95% confidence. The third method, under the same hypothesis, produces a Bayesian upper limit of $2.1\\ee{-24}$, with 95% degree of belief. These limits are below the indirect {\\it spin-down limit} of $3.3\\ee{-24}$ for the Vela pulsar, defined by the energy loss rate inferred from observed decrease in Vela's spin frequency, and correspond to a limit on the star ellipticity of $\\sim 10^{-3}$. Slightly less stringent results, but still well below the spin-down limit, are obtained assuming the star's spin axis inclination and ...

Abadie, J; Abbott, R; Abernathy, M; Accadia, T; Acernese, F; Adams, C; Adhikari, R; Affeldt, C; Allen, B; Allen, G S; Ceron, E Amador; Amariutei, D; Amin, R S; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Antonucci, F; Arai, K; Arain, M A; Araya, M C; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Atkinson, D; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S; Barker, D; Barnum, S; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barriga, P; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Bastarrika, M; Basti, A; Bauchrowitz, J; Bauer, Th S; Behnke, B; Beker, M BejgerM G; Bell, A S; Belletoile, A; Belopolski, I; Benacquista, M; Bertolini, A; Betzwieser, J; Beveridge, N; Beyersdorf, P T; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Birindelli, S; Biswas, R; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M A; Black, E; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bland, B; Blom, M; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Bogan, C; Bondarescu, R; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Boschi, V; Bose, S; Bosi, L; Bouhou, B; Boyle, M; Braccini, S; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Brau, J E; Breyer, J; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Britzger, M; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Brummit, A; Budzy?ski, R; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Burguet--Castell, J; Burmeister, O; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Cain, J; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Campagna, E; Campsie, P; Cannizzo, J; Cannon, K; Canuel, B; Cao, J; Capano, C; Carbognani, F; Caride, S; Caudill, S; Cavaglià, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chaibi, O; Chalermsongsak, T; Chalkley, E; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chelkowski, S; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Christensen, N; Chua, S S Y; Chung, C T Y; Chung, S; Clara, F; Clark, D; Clark, J; Clayton, J H; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Colacino, C N; Colas, J; Colla, A; Colombini, M; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cornish, N; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M; Coulon, J -P; Coward, D M; Coyne, D C; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Cruise, A M; Culter, R M; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Dahl, K; Danilishin, S L; Dannenberg, R; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Das, K; Dattilo, V; Daudert, B; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Davies, G; Daw, E J; Day, R; Dayanga, T; De Rosa, R; DeBra, D; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; del Prete, M; Dent, T; Dergachev, V; DeRosa, R; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Emilio, M Di Paolo; Di Virgilio, A; Díaz, M; Dietz, A; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Dorsher, S; Douglas, E S D; Drago, M; Drever, R W P; Driggers, J C; Dumas, J -C; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edgar, M; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Ehrens, P; Engel, R; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Fan, Y; Farr, B F; Fazi, D; Fehrmann, H; Feldbaum, D; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Finn, L S; Fiori, I; Flaminio, R; Flanigan, M; Foley, S; Forsi, E; Forte, L A; Fotopoulos, N; Fournier, J -D; Franc, J; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frede, M; Frei, M; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Friedrich, D; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fulda, P; Fyffe, M; Galimberti, M; Gammaitoni, L; Garcia, J; Garofoli, J A; Garufi, F; Gáspár, M E; Gemme, G; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gill, C; Goetz, E; Goggin, L M; González, G; Gorodetsky, M L; Goßler, S; Gouaty, R; Graef, C; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Greverie, C; Grosso, R; Grote, H; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C; Gupta, R; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Hage, B; Hallam, J M; Hammer, D; Hammond, G; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Harstad, E D; Hartman, M T; Haughian, K; Hayama, K; Hayau, J -F; Hayler, T; Heefner, J; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hendry, M A; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Herrera, V; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Holt, K; Hong, T; Hooper, S; Hosken, D J; Hough, J; Howell, E J; Huet, D; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Isogai, T; Ivanov, A; Jaranowski, P; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, G; Jones, R; Ju, L; Kalmus, P; Kalogera, V; Kandhasamy, S; Kanner, J B; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Kells, W; Kelner, M; Keppel, D G; Khalaidovski, A; Khalili, F Y; Khazanov, E A; Kim, H; Kim, N; King, P J; Kinzel, D L; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kondrashov, V; Kopparapu, R; Koranda, S; Korth, W Z; Kowalska, I; Kozak, D; Kringel, V; Krishnamurthy, S; Krishnan, B; Królak, A; Kuehn, G; Kumar, R; Kwee, P; Landry, M; Lantz, B; Lastzka, N; Lazzarini, A; Leaci, P; Leong, J; Leonor, I; Leroy, N; Letendre, N; Li, J; Li, T G F; Liguori, N; Lindquist, P E; Lockerbie, N A; Lodhia, D; Lorenzini, M; Loriette, V; Lormand, M; Losurdo, G; Lu, P; Luan, J; Lubinski, M; Lück, H; Lundgren, A P; Macdonald, E; Machenschalk, B; MacInnis, M; Mageswaran, M; Mailand, K; Majorana, E; Maksimovic, I; Man, N; Mandel, I; Mandic, V; Mantovani, M; Marandi, A; Marchesoni, F

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Demand Response Spinning Reserve Demonstration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Demand Response Spinning Reserve project is a pioneeringdemonstration of how existing utility load-management assets can providean important electricity system reliability resource known as spinningreserve. Using aggregated demand-side resources to provide spinningreserve will give grid operators at the California Independent SystemOperator (CAISO) and Southern California Edison (SCE) a powerful, newtool to improve system reliability, prevent rolling blackouts, and lowersystem operating costs.

Eto, Joseph H.; Nelson-Hoffman, Janine; Torres, Carlos; Hirth,Scott; Yinger, Bob; Kueck, John; Kirby, Brendan; Bernier, Clark; Wright,Roger; Barat, A.; Watson, David S.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Large magnetoresistance in oxide based ferromagnet/superconductor spin switches.  

SciTech Connect

We report large magnetoresistance (in excess of 1000%) in ferromagnet / superconductor / ferromagnet structures made of La{sub 0.7}Ca{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} and YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} in the current in plane (CIP) geometry. This magnetoresistance has many of the ingredients of the giant magnetoresistance of metallic superlattices: it is independent on the angle between current and magnetic field, depends on the relative orientation of the magnetization in the ferromagnetic layers, and takes very large values. The origin is enhanced scattering at the F/S interface in the anti parallel configuration of the magnetizations. Furthermore, we examine the dependence of the magnetoresistance effect on the thickness of the superconducting layer, and show that the magnetoresistance dies out for thickness in excess of 30 nm, setting a length scale for the diffusion of spin polarized quasiparticles.

Pena, V.; Nemes, N.; Visani, C.; Garcia-Barriocanal, J.; Bruno, F.; Arias, D.; Sefrioui, Z.; Leon, C.; te Velthuis, S. G. E.; Hoffmann, A.; Garcia-Hernandez, M.; Santamaria, J.; Materials Science Division; Univ. Complutense de Madrid; Inst. de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

An electron energy loss spectrometer designed for studies of electronic energy losses and spin waves in the large momentum regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on 143 deg. electrostatic deflectors we have realized a new spectrometer for electron energy loss spectroscopy which is particularly suitable for studies on surface spin waves and other low energy electronic energy losses. Contrary to previous designs high resolution is maintained even for diffuse inelastic scattering due to a specific management of the angular aberrations in combination with an angle aperture. The performance of the instrument is demonstrated with high resolution energy loss spectra of surface spin waves on a cobalt film deposited on the Cu(100) surface.

Ibach, H. [Peter Gruenberg Institut PGI-3, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Juelich Aachen Research Alliance - Fundamentals of Future Information Technologies (JARA-FIT), 52425 Juelich (Germany); Rajeswari, J.; Schneider, C. M. [Peter Gruenberg Institut PGI-6, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Juelich Aachen Research Alliance - Fundamentals of Future Information Technologies (JARA-FIT), 52425 Juelich (Germany)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

208

Definition: Transmission Angle and Frequency Monitoring | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Transmission Angle and Frequency Monitoring Transmission Angle and Frequency Monitoring Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Transmission Angle and Frequency Monitoring An advanced transmission application that uses angle and frequency measurements from PMUs to indicate loss of generation or other disturbances causing a change in the supply/demand balance.[1] Related Terms transmission lines, advanced transmission applications, transmission line References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/transmission_angle_and_frequency_monitoring [[Cat LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. egory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid, |Template:BASEPAGENAME]]smart grid,smart grid, Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Transmission_Angle_and_Frequency_Monitoring&oldid=502506

209

Definition: Phase Angle Regulating Transformer | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Angle Regulating Transformer Angle Regulating Transformer Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Phase Angle Regulating Transformer Transformers that enable phase-angle control between the primary (source) and the secondary (load) side to create a phase shift between the primary side voltage and the secondary side voltage. The purpose of this phase shift is to control the real power flow through interconnected power systems.[1] Also Known As phase angle regulating transformers (PARs) Related Terms transformer, real power, smart grid References ↑ [www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/pdfs/description_of_assets.pdf SmartGrid.gov 'Description of Assets'] An in LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. line Glossary Definition Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Definition:Phase_Angle_Regulating_Transformer&oldid=502556"

210

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: SunAngle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculates solar angles based on location, date, and time. It's useful in passive solar building design, PV and solar thermal system design and analysis, and other...

211

Small-angle Synchrotron Diffraction Study of Partially Gasified Coal ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Small-angle Synchrotron Diffraction Study of Partially Gasified Coal Chars. Author(s), Keith Gordon McLennan, Daniel Roberts, Richard ...

212

USANS: the Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument at...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USANS-Ultra-Small-Angle Neutron Scattering Instrument USANS is designed for the study of hierarchical structures in natural and artificial materials. It can be considered an...

213

The Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Scattering ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, The Extended Q-Range Small Angle Neutron Scattering Diffractometer (EQ-SANS) at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is a high intensity ...

214

Industrial Applications at Small Angle Neutron Scattering and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Neutron Diffraction of HANARO Reactor .... Structure/Microstructure Analysis of Faulted and Modular Materials from ...

215

Laser warning receiver to identify the wavelength and angle of ...  

A laser warning receiver is disclosed which has up to hundreds of individual optical channels each optically oriented to receive laser light from a different angle of ...

216

Phenomena of spin rotation and oscillation of particles (atoms, molecules) containing in a trap blowing on by wind of high energy particles in storage ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Spin rotation and oscillation phenomena of particles captured in a gas target through which beam of high energy particles passes is discussed. Such experiment arrangement make it realizable for storage ring and allows to study zero-angle scattering amplitude at highest possible energies.

Vladimir Baryshevsky

2002-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

217

Definition: Spinning Reserve | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spinning Reserve Spinning Reserve Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Spinning Reserve Unloaded generation that is synchronized and ready to serve additional demand.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electricity networks, the operating reserve is the generating capacity available to the system operator within a short interval of time to meet demand in case a generator goes down or there is another disruption to the supply. Most power systems are designed so that, under normal conditions, the operating reserve is always at least the capacity of the largest generator plus a fraction of the peak load. The operating reserve is made up of the spinning reserve as well as the non-spinning or supplemental reserve: The spinning reserve is the extra generating capacity

218

Cavity cooling of an ensemble spin system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe how sideband cooling techniques, prevalent in quantum optics, may be applied to large spin ensembles in magnetic resonance. Using the Tavis-Cummings model in the presence of a Rabi drive, we solve a Markovian master equation describing the joint spin-cavity dynamics to derive cooling rates as a function of ensemble size. Our calculations indicate that a spin ensemble containing roughly $10^{11}$ electron spins may be polarized to a non-thermal equilibrium state in a time many orders of magnitude shorter than the typical thermal relaxation time. The described techniques permit the efficient removal of entropy for spin-based quantum information processors and fast polarization of spin samples. The proposed application of a standard technique in quantum optics to magnetic resonance also serves to reinforce the connection between the two fields, which has only recently begun to be explored in detail due to the development of hybrid designs for manufacturing noise-resilient quantum devices.

Christopher J. Wood; Troy W. Borneman; David G. Cory

2013-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

219

Probing spin flip scattering in ballistic nanosystems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because spin-flip scattering length is longer than the electron mean-free-path in a metal, past studies of spin-flip scattering are limited to the diffusive regime. Spin accumulation in the nanometer sized spacer layer of a magnetic double barrier tunnel junction allows the study of spin flip scattering near ballistic limit. We extract the spin-flip conductance $G_s$ of the spacer layer from magnetoresistance measurements. A linear temperature dependence of $G_s$ is found. The bias voltage dependence shows a quantum well resonance which explains the sharp reduction of the magnetoresistance. At 4.2K $G_s$ yields the mean-free-path (70nm) and the spin-flip length ($1.0$-$2.6\\mu$m).

Zeng, Z. M. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Feng, J. F. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Wang, Y. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Han, Prof. X. F. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Zhan, W. S. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Zhang, Z. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Science

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Adaptive nonparametric regression on spin fiber bundles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The construction of adaptive nonparametric procedures by means of wavelet thresholding techniques is now a classical topic in modern mathematical statistics. In this paper, we extend this framework to the analysis of nonparametric regression on sections ... Keywords: 42B35, 42C10, 42C40, 46E35, 62G08, 62G20, Adaptive nonparametric regression, Mixed spin needlets, Spin Besov spaces, Spin fiber bundles, Thresholding

Claudio Durastanti; Daryl Geller; Domenico Marinucci

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

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221

Higher Spin Black Holes from CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher spin gravity in three dimensions has explicit black holes solutions, carrying higher spin charge. We compute the free energy of a charged black hole from the holographic dual, a 2d CFT with extended conformal symmetry, and find exact agreement with the bulk thermodynamics. In the CFT, higher spin corrections to the free energy can be calculated at high temperature from correlation functions of W-algebra currents.

Gaberdiel, Matthias R; Jin, Kewang

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Higher Spin Black Holes from CFT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Higher spin gravity in three dimensions has explicit black holes solutions, carrying higher spin charge. We compute the free energy of a charged black hole from the holographic dual, a 2d CFT with extended conformal symmetry, and find exact agreement with the bulk thermodynamics. In the CFT, higher spin corrections to the free energy can be calculated at high temperature from correlation functions of W-algebra currents.

Matthias R. Gaberdiel; Thomas Hartman; Kewang Jin

2012-02-29T23:59:59.000Z

223

Spin Chaos Manifestation in a Driven Quantum Billiard with Spin-Orbit Coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The coupling of orbital and spin degrees of freedom is the source of many interesting phenomena. Here, we study the electron dynamics in a quantum billiard --a mesoscopic rectangular quantum dot-- with spin-orbit coupling driven by a periodic electric field. We find that both the spatial and temporal profiles of the observables demonstrate the transition to chaotic dynamics with qualitative modifications of the power spectra and patterns of probability and spin density. The time dependence of the wavefunctions and spin density distributions indicates spin-charge separation {seen in the decay of the spin-charge density correlators}. This new spin chaos effect can be experimentally verified leading to a better understanding of the interplay between spin and spatial degrees of freedom, relevant to fundamental and applied quantum physics.

D. V. Khomitsky; A. I. Malyshev; E. Ya. Sherman; M. Di Ventra

2013-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

224

Spin current switching and spin-filtering effects in Mn-doped boron nitride nanoribbons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spin transport properties are investigated by means of the first principle approach for boron nitride nanoribbons with one or two substitutional Mn impurities, connected to graphene electrodes. The spin current polarization is evaluated using the ...

G. A. Nemnes

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Spin orientation of supermassive black holes in active galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accretion of gas onto a central supermassive black hole is generally accepted to be the source of the emitted energy in active galactic nuclei.The broad emission lines we observe in their optical spectra are probably formed in the wind of an accretion disk at distances of light days to light years from the central black hole. The variable fraction of the emission lines originates at typical distances of only 1 to 50 light days from the central supermassive black hole. We derived a central black hole mass of M_orbital = 1.8 +/-0.4 x 10^7 M_sun in the Seyfert galaxy Mrk110 assuming the broad emission lines are generated in gas clouds orbiting within an accretion disk. This figure depends on the inclination angle of the accretion disk. Here we report on the detection of gravitational redshifted emission in the variable fraction of the broad emission lines. We derive a central black hole mass of M_grav = 14.0 +/-3.0 x 10^7 M_sun. These measurements are independent on the orientation of the accretion disk. The comparison of both black hole mass estimates allows to determine the projection of the central accretion disk angle i to 21 +/-5 deg. in Mrk110 and therefore the orientation of the spin axis of the central black hole.

W. Kollatschny

2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

226

"Magic mirror on the wall, who's the fastest Database of them all?" A Survey of Database Benchmarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarks are important tools for measuring the performance of database management systems (DBMS) and for understanding vendor claims of performance. This paper defines DBMS benchmarks, explores the role of the Transaction Processing Performance Council as the only benchmark standards organization, and surveys eight existing DBMS benchmarks for on-line transaction processing, relational, and object-oriented databases. 1 Introduction When examining the performance of a commercial database management system (DBMS),one is bombarded with vendor performance claims. Each vendor will shower you with claims of "tpsA-Local" ratings, or top performance on the "TPC-C" benchmark. If you are looking at a commercial object-oriented DBMS, vendors will tell you they have the best performance on the "Cattell" (or OO1 or "Sun") benchmark. The use of benchmark performance measurements by commercial DBMS vendors seems a bit like the Queen in Snow White asking the magic mirror who is the fairest. If the ...

Usaf Maj; Timothy J. Halloran; Timothy J. Halloran; Mark A. Roth; Mark A. Roth

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Monte Carlo Studies of Geomagnetic Field Effects on the Imaging Air Cherenkov Technique for the MAGIC Telescope Site  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Imaging air Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) detect the Cherenkov light from extensive air showers (EAS) initiated by very high energy (VHE) gamma-rays impinging on the Earth's atmosphere. Due to the overwhelming background from hadron induced EAS, the discrimination of the rare gamma-like events is vital. The influence of the geomagnetic field (GF) on the development of EAS can further complicate the imaging air Cherenkov technique. The amount and the angular distribution of Cherenkov light from EAS can be obtained by means of Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Here we present the results from dedicated MC studies of GF effects on images from gamma-ray initiated EAS for the MAGIC telescope site, where the GF strength is ~40 micro Tesla. The results from the MC studies suggest that GF effects degrade not only measurements of very low energy gamma-rays below ~100 GeV but also those at TeV-energies.

S. C. Commichau; A. Biland; J. L. Contreras; R. de los Reyes; A. Moralejo; J. Sitarek; D. Sobczynska

2008-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

228

Spin Physics Program at RHIC-PHENIX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Longitudinal spin physics program at RHIC-PHENIX is introduced. Recent results of pi0 cross section and A_LL are presented and discussed.

K. Aoki; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

229

NMR DOUBLE QUANTUM SPIN DECOUPLING IN SOLIDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

M. Mehring, "High Resolution NMR Spectroscopy", Springeret al. , Multiple Quantum NMR, International Summer SchoolLBL-6984 ('. / Preprint NMR OOUBLE QUANTUM SPIN DECOUPLING

Pines, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Spin-string interaction in QCD strings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

I consider the question of the interaction between a QCD string and the spin of a quark or an antiquark on whose worldline the string terminates. The problem is analyzed from the point of view of a string representation for the expectation value of a Wilson loop for a spin-half particle. A string representation of the super Wilson loop is obtained starting from an effective string representation of a Wilson Loop. The action obtained in this manner is invariant under a worldline supersymmetry and has a boundary term which contains the spin-string interaction. For rectangular loops the spin-string interaction vanishes and there is no spin-spin term in the resulting heavy quark potential. On the other hand if an allowance is made for the finite intrinsic thickness of the flux tube by assuming that the spin-string interaction takes place not just at the boundary of the string world sheet but extends to a distance of the order of the intrinsic thickness of the flux tube then we do obtain a spin-spin interaction which falls as the fifth power of the distance. Such a term was previously suggested by Kogut and Parisi in the context of a flux-tube model of confinement.

Vyas, Vikram [Physics Department St. Stephen's College, Delhi University, Delhi (India)

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

231

In Situ NMR Analysis of Fluids Contained in Sedimentary Rock Thomas M. de Swiet,* Marco Tomaselli,* Martin D. Hurlimann, and Alexander Pines*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Situ NMR Analysis of Fluids Contained in Sedimentary Rock Thomas M. de Swiet,* Marco Tomaselli of pore fluids may be obtained in situ by magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), which is normally used for solid samples. 1 H MAS­NMR spectra of water and crude oil in Berea sandstone

Pines, Alexander

232

Spinning Reserve from Responsive Load  

SciTech Connect

As power system costs rise and capacity is strained demand response can provide a significant system reliability benefit at a potentially attractive cost. The 162 room Music Road Hotel in Pigeon Forge Tennessee agreed to host a spinning reserve test. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) supplied real-time metering and monitoring expertise to record total hotel load during both normal operations and testing. Preliminary testing showed that hotel load can be curtailed by 22% to 37% depending on the outdoor temperature and the time of day. The load drop was very rapid, essentially as fast as the 2 second metering could detect.

Kueck, John D [ORNL; Kirby, Brendan J [ORNL; Laughner, T [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA); Morris, K [Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Dependency of the apparent contact angle on nonisothermal conditions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamic behavior of liquids in partly filled containers is influenced to a large extend by the angle between the gas-liquid phase boundary and the solid container wall at the contact line. This contact angle in turn is influenced by nonisothermal conditions. In the case of a cold liquid meniscus spreading over a hot solid wall

Rolf Krahl; Jens Gerstmann; Philipp Behruzi; Eberhard Bänsch; Michael E. Dreyer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

POLY-FREE CONSTRUCTIONS FOR RIGHT-ANGLED ARTIN GROUPS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POLY-FREE CONSTRUCTIONS FOR RIGHT-ANGLED ARTIN GROUPS SUSAN HERMILLER1 AND ZORAN SUNI´C Abstract. We show that every right-angled Artin group A defined by a graph of finite chromatic number is poly-free with poly-free length bounded between the clique number and the chromatic number of . Further

Hermiller, Susan

235

Spin waves in ultracold gases with exchange and spin-orbit interactions  

SciTech Connect

The dynamics of spin waves in ultracold gases is investigated with allowance for exchange and spin-orbit interaction. The exact basis of atomic states is used taking into account all rotational quantum numbers of the atom. The dispersion relation for spin waves is obtained for fermions and bosons in the hydro-dynamic approximation.

Andreeva, T. L.; Rubin, P. L., E-mail: rubin@sci.lebedev.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Lebedev Physical Institute (Russian Federation)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

236

Magnetic Monopoles in Spin Ice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electrically charged particles, such as the electron, are ubiquitous. By contrast, no elementary particles with a net magnetic charge have ever been observed, despite intensive and prolonged searches. We pursue an alternative strategy, namely that of realising them not as elementary but rather as emergent particles, i.e., as manifestations of the correlations present in a strongly interacting many-body system. The most prominent examples of emergent quasiparticles are the ones with fractional electric charge e/3 in quantum Hall physics. Here we show that magnetic monopoles do emerge in a class of exotic magnets known collectively as spin ice: the dipole moment of the underlying electronic degrees of freedom fractionalises into monopoles. This enables us to account for a mysterious phase transition observed experimentally in spin ice in a magnetic field, which is a liquid-gas transition of the magnetic monopoles. These monopoles can also be detected by other means, e.g., in an experiment modelled after the celebrated Stanford magnetic monopole search.

Claudio Castelnovo; Roderich Moessner; Shivaji L. Sondhi

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

237

Exoplanetary system WASP-3 : measurement of the projected spin-orbit angle and evidence for stellar activity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, I present new spectroscopic and photometric observations of WASP-3, a transiting extrasolar planetary system. From spectra obtained during two transits, I use the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect in a simplified ...

Tripathi, Anjali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

A METHOD FOR NUCLEAR SPIN STATISTICS IN MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract Using spin projection operator methods generating48. B. x~ Thus we get Spin Projection Operators Let V be ais, d It is thus a spin projection operator in the space V •

Balasubramanian, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Spin-flip induction of Fano resonance upon electron tunneling through atomic-scale spin structures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The inclusion of inelastic spin-dependent electron scatterings by the potential profiles of a single magnetic impurity and a spin dimer is shown to induce resonance features due to the Fano effect in the transport characteristics of such atomic-scale spin structures. The spin-flip processes leading to a configuration interaction of the system's states play a fundamental role for the realization of Fano resonance and antiresonance. It has been established that applying an external magnetic field and a gate electric field allows the conductive properties of spin structures to be changed radically through the Fano resonance mechanism.

Val'kov, V. V., E-mail: vvv@iph.krasn.ru; Aksenov, S. V., E-mail: asv86@iph.krasn.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Kirensky Institute of Physics (Russian Federation); Ulanov, E. A. [Siberian State Aerospace University (Russian Federation)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

240

Enhancement of spin-dependent scattering and improvement of microstructure in spin valves by delayed deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Si/Ta/Co/Cu/CoFeMn (or NiO) spin valves were prepared by a delayed sputtering procedure, in which depositions of Ta and followed layers were intervened by 1 h. The spin valves are found to have better coherent growth with stronger (111) preferred orientations in Co and Cu layers, compared with the traditional continuous method. At the same time, the giant magnetoresistance ratio and spin-dependent scattering are enhanced by a factor of 20%-30%. These results indicate that the coherent growth and the (111) preferred orientation can enhance the spin-dependent scattering of spin valves.

Yang, D.Z.; Wang, L.; Yang, X.J.; Zhou, S.M.; Wu, X.S.; Du, J.; Hu, A.; Zhang, X.X. [Surface Physics Laboratory (State Key Laboratory) and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China) and Department of Physics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); Surface Physics Laboratory (State Key Laboratory) and Department of Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Physics, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Department of Physics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China)

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Spin dynamics in (110)-oriented quantum wells  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum structures of III-V semiconductors grown on (110)-oriented substrates are promising for spintronic applications because they allow us to engineer and control spin dynamics of electrons. We summarise the theoretical ideas, which are the basis ... Keywords: Quantum wells, Spin dynamics, Spintronics

R. T. Harley; O. Z. Karimov; M. Henini

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Nonlinear spin relaxation in strongly nonequilibrium magnets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A general theory is developed for describing the nonlinear relaxation of spin systems from a strongly nonequilibrium initial state, when, in addition, the sample is coupled to a resonator. Such processes are characterized by nonlinear stochastic differential equations. This makes these strongly nonequilibrium processes principally different from the spin relaxation close to an equilibrium state, which is represented by linear differential equations. The consideration is based on a realistic microscopic Hamiltonian including the Zeeman terms, dipole interactions, exchange interactions, and a single-site anisotropy. The influence of cross correlations between several spin species is investigated. The critically important function of coupling between the spin system and a resonant electric circuit is emphasized. The role of all main relaxation rates is analyzed. The phenomenon of self-organization of transition coherence in spin motion, from the quantum chaotic stage of incoherent fluctuations, is thoroughly described. Local spin fluctuations are found to be the triggering cause for starting the spin relaxation from an incoherent nonequilibrium state. The basic regimes of collective coherent spin relaxation are studied.

V. I. Yukalov

2005-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

243

Do Gluons Carry Proton Spin? - Toward Resolving the Spin Crisis (445th Brookhaven Lecture)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Just as Earth and other planets spin within the solar system, subatomic quark and gluon particles spin within the protons and neutrons that spin within the nucleus of an atom. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is a theory that describes interactions between subatomic particles and it has played a defining role in understanding the spin of protons and neutrons, which make up most of the visible mass in the universe. Experiments first completed at CERN and furthered at several other laboratories around the world revealed that surprisingly, quarks and their partnering anti-quarks are responsible for only 20 to 30 percent of proton spin. These findings pointed to what would become known as "spin crisis." More recent experiments at BNL's Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), the first collider to smash protons that are "polarized," or made to spin in the same orientation, have helped to isolate the role of the gluon's spin within the spinning proton in hopes of resolving this crisis. In his lecture, Bazilevsky will explain how data from RHIC's PHENIX and STAR detectors help to reveal the role of gluons in the proton's spin. Bazilevsky will also discuss long- and short-term plans to attain a deeper look into the proton spin structure, utilizing RHIC and its future upgrades

Bazilevsky, Alexander (Physics Dept)

2009-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

244

Surface Entanglement in Quantum Spin Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the ground-state entanglement in systems of spins forming the boundary of a quantum spin network in arbitrary geometries and dimensionality. We show that as long as they are weakly coupled to the bulk of the network, the surface spins are strongly entangled, even when distant and non directly interacting, thereby generalizing the phenomenon of long-distance entanglement occurring in quantum spin chains. Depending on the structure of the couplings between surface and bulk spins, we discuss in detail how the patterns of surface entanglement can range from multi-pair bipartite to fully multipartite. In the context of quantum information and communication, these results find immediate application to the implementation of quantum routers, that is devices able to distribute quantum correlations on demand among multiple network nodes.

S. Zippilli; S. M. Giampaolo; F. Illuminati

2013-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

245

Upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report an upper bound on parity-violating neutron spin rotation in {sup 4}He. This experiment is the most sensitive search for neutron-weak optical activity yet performed and represents a significant advance in precision in comparison to past measurements in heavy nuclei. The experiment was performed at the NG-6 slow-neutron beamline at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Center for Neutron Research. Our result for the neutron spin rotation angle per unit length in {sup 4}He is d{phi}/dz=[+1.7{+-}9.1(stat.){+-}1.4(sys.)]x10{sup -7} rad/m. The statistical uncertainty is smaller than current estimates of the range of possible values of d{phi}/dz in n+{sup 4}He.

Snow, W. M.; Luo, D.; Walbridge, S. B. [Indiana University/CEEM, 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, Indiana 47408 (United States); Bass, C. D.; Bass, T. D.; Mumm, H. P.; Nico, J. S. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Crawford, B. E. [Gettysburg College, 300 North Washington Street, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania 17325 (United States); Gan, K.; Micherdzinska, A. M.; Opper, A. K. [The George Washington University, 725 21st Street NW, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Heckel, B. R.; Swanson, H. E. [University of Washington/CENPA, Box 354290, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States); Markoff, D. M. [North Carolina Central University/TUNL, 1801 Fayetteville Street, Durham, North Carolina 27707 (United States); Sarsour, M. [Georgia State University, 29 Peachtree Center Avenue, Atlanta, Georgia 30303-4106 (United States); Sharapov, E. I. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Zhumabekova, V. [Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Al-Farabi Ave. 71, 050038 Almaty (Kazakhstan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

246

Probing a Rare Material Spin State at NIST  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... work, one of the very few studies of this particular spin state, which has ... serve as a test of current and future theoretical models of exotic spin states. ...

2013-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

247

Pushing and Understanding the Limits of Spin-Exchange ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... This new scheme for spectral narrowing has led to increased 3He polarization for neutron spin filters polarized by spin ... Lead Organizational Unit: ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

248

Electron Spin Transport Demonstrated for First Time in an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Project have demonstrated the first documented case of electron spin transport in ... quantum-mechanical spin of particles such as electrons and holes ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

249

Magnetic Phase Transition and Spin Wave Excitations in the ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... An energy scan through the spin wave excitations ... The intensity above TC comes from paramagnetic spin ... quickly move to higher energies and out ...

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

250

Selective population of spin--orbit levels in the autoionization ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Selective population of spin-orbit levels in the autoionization of a polyatomic ... individual spin-orbit components of the X 2111, ionic ground state fol ...

2010-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

251

Tamil Nadu Spinning Mills Association TASMA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Tamil Nadu Spinning Mills Association (TASMA) Place Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India Zip 624003 Sector Wind energy Product Association of spinning mill owners; promoting...

252

Ab-initio self-consistent Gorkov-Green's function calculations of semi-magic nuclei - I. Formalism at second order with a two-nucleon interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An ab-initio calculation scheme for finite nuclei based on self-consistent Green's functions in the Gorkov formalism is developed. It aims at describing properties of doubly-magic and semi-magic nuclei employing state-of-the-art microscopic nuclear interactions and explicitly treating pairing correlations through the breaking of U(1) symmetry associated with particle number conservation. The present paper introduces the formalism, necessary to undertake applications at (self-consistent) second-order using two-nucleon interactions, in a detailed and self-contained fashion. First applications of such a scheme will be reported soon in a forthcoming publication. Future works will extend the present scheme to include three-nucleon interactions and implement more advanced truncation schemes.

V. Soma; T. Duguet; C. Barbieri

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

253

Electron Spin Precession at CEBAF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear physics experiments at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility often require longitudinally polarized electrons to be simultaneously delivered to three experimental halls. The degree of longitudinal polarization to each hall varies as function of the accelerator settings, making it challenging in certain situations to deliver a high degree of longitudinal polarization to all the halls simultaneously. Normally, the degree of longitudinal polarization the halls receive is optimized by changing the initial spin direction at the beginning of the machine with a Wien filter. Herein, it is shown that it is possible to further improve the degree of longitudinal polarization for multiple experimental halls by redistributing the energy gain of the CEBAF linacs while keeping the total energy gain fixed.

Douglas Higinbotham

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Electron Spin Precession at CEBAF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The nuclear physics experiments at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility often require longitudinally polarized electrons to be simultaneously delivered to three experimental halls. The degree of longitudinal polarization to each hall varies as function of the accelerator settings, making it challenging in certain situations to deliver a high degree of longitudinal polarization to all the halls simultaneously. Normally, the degree of longitudinal polarization the halls receive is optimized by changing the initial spin direction at the beginning of the machine with a Wien filter. Herein, it is shown that it is possible to further improve the degree of longitudinal polarization for multiple experimental halls by redistributing the energy gain of the CEBAF linacs while keeping the total energy gain fixed.

Higinbotham, Douglas

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Transverse Spin Effects at COMPASS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The investigation of transverse spin and transverse momentum effects in deep inelastic scattering is one of the key physics programs of the COMPASS collaboration. In the years 2002-2004 COMPASS took data scattering 160 GeV muons on a transversely polarized 6LiD target. In 2007, a transversely polarized NH3 target was used. Three different channels to access the transversity distribution function have been analyzed: The azimuthal distribution of single hadrons, involving the Collins fragmentation function, the azimuthal dependence of the plane containing hadron pairs, involving the two-hadron interference fragmentation function, and the measurement of the transverse polarization of lambda hyperons in the final state. Transverse quark momentum effects in a transversely polarized nucleon have been investigated by measuring the Sivers distribution function. Azimuthal asymmetries in unpolarized semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering give important information on the inner structure of the nucleon as well, and ca...

Schill, C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

EVIDENCE OF POSSIBLE SPIN-ORBIT MISALIGNMENT ALONG THE LINE OF SIGHT IN TRANSITING EXOPLANET SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

Of the 26 transiting exoplanet systems with measurements of the Rossiter-McLaughlin (RM) effect, eight have now been found to be significantly spin-orbit misaligned in the plane of the sky (i.e., RM misalignment angle |{lambda}| {approx}> 30{sup 0} and inconsistent with {lambda} = 0{sup 0}). Unfortunately, the RM effect does not constrain the complement misalignment angle between the orbit of the planet and the spin of its host star along the line of sight (LOS). I use a simple model of stellar rotation benchmarked with observational data to statistically identify 10 exoplanet systems from a sample of 75 for which there is likely a significant degree of spin-orbit misalignment along the LOS: HAT-P-7, HAT-P-14, HAT-P-16, HD 17156, Kepler-5, Kepler-7, TrES-4, WASP-1, WASP-12, and WASP-14. All 10 systems have host stellar masses M {sub *} in the range 1.2 M {sub sun} {approx}< M {sub *} {approx}< 1.5 M {sub sun}, and the probability of this occurrence by chance is less than one in ten thousand. In addition, the planets in the candidate-misaligned systems are preferentially massive and eccentric. The coupled distribution of misalignment from the RM effect and from this analysis suggests that transiting exoplanets are more likely to be spin-orbit aligned than expected given predictions for a transiting planet population produced entirely by planet-planet scattering or Kozai cycles and tidal friction. For that reason, there are likely two populations of close-in exoplanet systems: a population of aligned systems and a population of apparently misaligned systems in which the processes that lead to misalignment or to the survival of misaligned systems operate more efficiently in systems with massive stars and planets.

Schlaufman, Kevin C., E-mail: kcs@ucolick.or [Astronomy and Astrophysics Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States)

2010-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

257

Computational atmospheric trajectory simulation analysis of spin-stabilised projectiles and small bullets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mathematical model is based on the full equations of motion set up in the no-roll body reference frame and is integrated numerically from given initial conditions at the firing site. The computational flight analysis takes into consideration the ... Keywords: Coriolis effect, Mach number, Magnus effect, aerodynamic jump, atmospheric trajectory, constant aerodynamic coefficients, equations of motion, flight analysis, flight trajectories, gyroscopic stability, no-roll body reference frame, simulation, small bullets, spin-stabilised projectiles, static stability, total angle of attack, variable aerodynamic coefficients

D. N. Gkritzapis; E. E. Panagiotopoulos; D. P. Margaris; D. G. Papanikas

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Precise Measurements of Beam Spin Asymmetries in Semi-Inclusive ?^0 production  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We present studies of single-spin asymmetries for neutral pion electroproduction in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering of 5.776 GeV polarized electrons from an unpolarized hydrogen target, using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. A substantial sin {phi}{sub h} amplitude has been measured in the distribution of the cross section asymmetry as a function of the azimuthal angle {phi}{sub h} of the produced neutral pion. The dependence of this amplitude on Bjorken x and on the pion transverse momentum is extracted with significantly higher precision than previous data and is compared to model calculations.

Holtrop, M; Hyde, C E; Ireland, D G; Isupov, E L; Jawalkar, S S; Jenkins, D; Jo, H S; Joo, K; Keller, D; Khandaker, M; Khetarpal, P; Kim, A; Kimy, W; Klein, A; Klein, F J; Kubarovsky, V; Kuhn, S E; Kuleshov, S V; Kuznetsov, V; Kvaltine, N D; Livingston, K; Lu, H Y; MacGregor, I.J. D.; Markov, N; Mayer, M; McAndrew, J; McKinnon, B; Meyer, C A; Micherdzinska, A.M.; Mokeev, V; Moreno, B; Moutarde, H; Munevar, E; Nadel-Turonski, P; Ni, A; Niccolai, S; Niculescu, G; Niculescu, I; Osipenko, M; Ostrovidov, A I; Paolone, M; Pappalardo, L; Paremuzyan, R; Park, K; Park, S; Pasyuk, E; Anefalos Pereira, S; Phelps, E; Pisano, S; Pogorelko, O; Pozdniakov, S; Price, J W; Procureur, S; Prok, Y; Protopopescu, D; Raue, B A; Ricco, G; Rimal, D; Ripani, M; Rosner, G; Sabatio, F; Saini, M S; Salgado, C; Schott, D; Schumacher, R A; Seder, E; Seraydaryan, H; Sharabian, Y G; Smith, G D; Sober, D I; Stepanyan, S S; Stepanyan, S; Stoler, P; Strakovsky, I; Strauch, S; Taiuti, M; Tang, W; Taylor, C E; Tkachenko, S; Ungaro, M; Voskanyan, H; Voutier, E; Watts, D; Weinstein, L B; Weygand, D P; Wood, M H; Zana, L; Zhang, J; Zhao, B; Zhao, Z W

2011-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

259

A Possible Spin-Orbit Misalignment in the Transiting Eccentric Planet HD 17156b  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present simultaneous photometric and spectroscopic observations of HD 17156b spanning a transit on UT 2007 November 12. This system is of special interest because of its 21-day period (unusually long for a transiting planet) and its high orbital eccentricity of 0.67. By modeling the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect, we find the angle between the sky projections of the orbital axis and the stellar rotation axis to be $62^{\\circ} \\pm 25^{\\circ}$. Such a large spin-orbit misalignment, as well as the large eccentricity, could be explained as the relic of a previous gravitational interaction with other planets.

Norio Narita; Bun'ei Sato; Osamu Ohshima; Joshua N. Winn

2007-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

260

Angle Instability Detection in Power Systems with High Wind Penetration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Angle Instability Detection in Power Angle Instability Detection in Power Systems with High Wind Penetration Using PMUs YC Zhang National Renewable Energy Laboratory Yingchen.zhang@nrel.gov 27/28 June 2013 Washington, DC DOE/OE Transmission Reliability Program Angle Instability Detection in Power Systems with High Wind Penetration Using Synchrophasor Measurements  Project Objective * Utilize synchrophasor measurements to estimate the equivalent inertia of a power source such as synchronous generators or wind turbine generators * Develop angle instability detection method for a system with high wind penetration using the synchrophasor measurements 2 3 Background Submitted to IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics * In case of angular instability, some machines will have

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Angle of crack propagation for a vertical hydraulic fracture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Using the strain-energy-density-factor (S) theory, the positive fracture angle +theta/sub o/ (the initial fracture angle of crack propagation) of a near-vertical crack is predicted by using the opening- and sliding-mode stress-intensity factors in the presence of the overburden pressure, the least in situ horizontal principal stress, and the borehole fluid pressure. The crack spreads in the positive theta/sub o/ direction (counter-clockwise) in the plane for which S is a minimum, S/sub min/. It was verified that S/sub min/ is greater than or equal to S/sub c/. The quantity S/sub c/ is defined as the critical value of S, and remains essentially constant. Of interest is the numerical example for calculating fracture angle and the critical uniform borehole fluid pressure required to initiate fracture at such an angle for the present LASL Dry Hot Rock Geothermal Energy Program. (auth)

Sarda, J.P.; Hsu, Y.C.

1975-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Can Dynamic Contact Angle Be Measured Using Molecular Modeling?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A method is presented for determining the dynamic contact angle at the three-phase contact between a solid, a liquid, and a vapor under an applied force, using molecular simulation. The method is demonstrated using a ...

Malani, Ateeque A. A. G.

263

Modtran radiance modeling of multi-angle worldview-2 imagery .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The WorldView-2 satellite, launched in 2010 by DigitalGlobe, provides researchers with the ability to collect high resolution, multi-angle, 8-band multispectral imagery. This offers a unique… (more)

Marshall, Samuel I.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Multi-angle technique for measurement of ground source emission  

SciTech Connect

TAISIR, the Temperature and Imaging System Infrared, is a nominally satellite based platform for remote sensing of the earth. One of its design features is to acquire atmospheric data simultaneous with ground data, resulting in minimal dependence on external atmospheric models for data correction. One technique we employ to acquire atmospheric data is a true multi-angle data acquisition technique. Previous techniques have used only two angles. Here we demonstrate the advantage of using a large number of viewing angles to overconstrain the inversion problem for critical atmospheric and source parameters. For reasonable data acquisition scenarios, simulations show source temperature errors of less than 1K should be possible. Tradeoffs between flight geometry, number of look angles,, and system signal-to-noise are given for typical parameter ranges.

Henderson, J.R.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A multiresolution spectral angle-based hyperspectral classification method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the lack of training samples, hyperspectral classification often adopts the minimum distance classification method based on spectral metrics. This paper proposes a novel multiresolution spectral-angle-based hyperspectral classification method, ...

Jin Chen; Runsheng Wang; Cheng Wang

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Tuesday, 23 April 2013 10:00 Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

267

Limbus Impact on Off-angle Iris Degradation  

SciTech Connect

The accuracy of iris recognition depends on the quality of data capture and is negatively affected by several factors such as angle, occlusion, and dilation. Off-angle iris recognition is a new research focus in biometrics that tries to address several issues including corneal refraction, complex 3D iris texture, and blur. In this paper, we present an additional significant challenge that degrades the performance of the off-angle iris recognition systems, called the limbus effect . The limbus is the region at the border of the cornea where the cornea joins the sclera. The limbus is a semitransparent tissue that occludes a side portion of the iris plane. The amount of occluded iris texture on the side nearest the camera increases as the image acquisition angle increases. Without considering the role of the limbus effect, it is difficult to design an accurate off-angle iris recognition system. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work that investigates the limbus effect in detail from a biometrics perspective. Based on results from real images and simulated experiments with real iris texture, the limbus effect increases the hamming distance score between frontal and off-angle iris images ranging from 0.05 to 0.2 depending upon the limbus height.

Karakaya, Mahmut [ORNL; Barstow, Del R [ORNL; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J [ORNL; Thompson, Joseph W [ORNL; Bolme, David S [ORNL; Boehnen, Chris Bensing [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Giant magnetoresistance in organic spin valves  

SciTech Connect

Interfacial diffusion between magnetic electrodes and organic spacer layers is a serious problem in the organic spintronics which complicates attempts to understand the spin-dependent transport mechanism and hurts the achievement of a desirably high magnetoresistance (MR). We deposit nanodots instead of atoms onto the organic layer using buffer layer assist growth. Spin valves using this method exhibit a sharper interface and a giant MR of up to {approx}300%. Analysis of the current-voltage characteristics indicates that the spin-dependent carrier injection correlates with the observed MR.

Sun, Da-Li [ORNL; Yin, Lifeng [ORNL; Sun, Chengjun [ORNL; Guo, Hangwen [ORNL; Gai, Zheng [ORNL; Zhang, Xiaoguang [ORNL; Ward, Thomas Z [ORNL; Cheng, Zhaohua [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Shen, Jian [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Spin as state variable for computation: prospects and perspectives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent experiments on spin devices like magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJ's), domain wall magnets (DWM) and spin valves have led to the possibility of having very high density on-chip memories and logic. While the possibility of having on-chip spin transfer ... Keywords: low power, spin device, state variable, ultra low voltage

Kaushik Roy

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Facilitated oriented spin models:some non equilibrium results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the relaxation to equilibrium for kinetically constrained spin models (KCSM) when the initial distribution $\

Nicoletta Cancrini; Fabio Martinelli; Roberto H. Schonmann; Cristina Toninelli

2008-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

271

Environment-assisted metrology with spin qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the sensitivity of a recently proposed method for precision measurement [ Phys. Rev. Lett. 106 140502 (2011)], focusing on an implementation based on solid-state spin systems. The scheme amplifies a quantum ...

Cappellaro, Paola

272

String model for spinning quark jets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A string model of quark hadronization, taking the quark spin degree of freedom into account, is proposed. The method for using the model in a Monte-Carlo code for jet generation is given.

Artru, X.; Belghobsi, Z. [Universite de Lyon, CNRS/IN2P3 and Universite Lyon 1, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Universite de Jijel (Algeria)

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

273

Optical pumping production of spin polarized hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

There has been much interest recently in the production of large quantities of spin polarized hydrogen in various fields, including controlled fusion, quantum fluids, high energy, and nuclear physics. One promising method for the development of large quantities of spin polarized hydrogen is the utilization of optical pumping with a laser. Optical pumping is a process in which photon angular momentum is converted into electron and nuclear spin. The advent of tunable CW dye lasers (approx. 1 watt) allows the production of greater than 10/sup 18/ polarized atoms/sec. We have begun a program at Princeton to investigate the physics and technology of using optical pumping to produce large quantities of spin polarized hydrogen. Initial experiments have been done in small closed glass cells. Eventually, a flowing system, open target, or polarized ion source could be constructed.

Knize, R.J.; Happer, W.; Cecchi, J.L.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Resolution of the Proton Spin Problem  

SciTech Connect

A number of lines of investigation into the structure of the nucleon have converged to the point where we believe that one has a consistent explanation of the well known proton spin crisis.

F. Myhrer; A. W. Thomas

2007-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

275

Spin effects in single-electron transistors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Basic electron transport phenomena observed in single-electron transistors (SETs) are introduced, such as Coulomb-blockade diamonds, inelastic cotunneling thresholds, the spin-1/2 Kondo effect, and Fano interference. With ...

Granger, Ghislain

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Effect of various errors on the Spin Tune and Stable Spin Axis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Even though RHIC has two full Siberian snakes in each ring, there are various perturbations to the ideal case including orbit errors at the snakes, experiment solenoids, injection bumps, and interlaced horizontal-vertical bumps at the hydrogen jet polarimeter. These errors can cause depolarization by shifting the spin tune and tilting the stable spin direction away from vertical. Tilting of the stable spin axis can enhance horizontal depolarizing resonances. This paper presents preliminary results for some of these error scenarios, as well as their impact on the stable spin directions at STAR and PHENIX.

MacKay,W.W.

2008-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

277

Effect of Various Errors on the Spin Tune and Stable Spin Axis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Even though RHIC has two full Siberian snakes in each ring, there are various perturbations to the ideal case including orbit errors at the snakes, experiment solenoids, injection bumps, and interlaced horizontal-vertical bumps at the hydrogen jet polarimeter. These errors can cause depolarization by shifting the spin tune and tilting the stable spin direction away from vertical. Tilting of the stable spin axis can enhance horizontal depolarizing resonances. This paper presents preliminary results for some of these error scenarios, as well as their impact on the stable spin directions at STAR and PHENIX.

MacKay,W.W.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Program Offers Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Program Offers New Spin on Traditional Marketing on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network

279

Spin Noise Exchange in Coupled Alkali-Metal Vapors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physics of spin exchange collisions has fueled a large number of discoveries in fundamental physics, chemistry and biology, and has led to several applications in medical imaging and nuclear magnetic resonance. We here report on the experimental observation and theoretical justification of a novel effect, the transfer of spin noise from one atomic species to another, through the mechanism of spin exchange. Essentially, we extend the foundational studies of spin exchange into the deeper layer of quantum fluctuations. The signature of spin noise exchange is an increase of the total spin noise power at low magnetic fields where the two-species spin noise resonances overlap.

A. T. Dellis; M. Loulakis; I. K. Kominis

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

280

High-Spin Cobalt Hydrides for Catalysis  

SciTech Connect

Organometallic chemists have traditionally used catalysts with strong-field ligands that give low-spin complexes. However, complexes with a weak ligand field have weaker bonds and lower barriers to geometric changes, suggesting that they may lead to more rapid catalytic reactions. Developing our understanding of high-spin complexes requires the use of a broader range of spectroscopic techniques, but has the promise of changing the mechanism and/or selectivity of known catalytic reactions. These changes may enable the more efficient utilization of chemical resources. A special advantage of cobalt and iron catalysts is that the metals are more abundant and cheaper than those currently used for major industrial processes that convert unsaturated organic molecules and biofeedstocks into useful chemicals. This project specifically evaluated the potential of high-spin cobalt complexes for small-molecule reactions for bond rearrangement and cleavage reactions relevant to hydrocarbon transformations. We have learned that many of these reactions proceed through crossing to different spin states: for example, high-spin complexes can flip one electron spin to access a lower-energy reaction pathway for beta-hydride elimination. This reaction enables new, selective olefin isomerization catalysis. The high-spin cobalt complexes also cleave the C-O bond of CO2 and the C-F bonds of fluoroarenes. In each case, the detailed mechanism of the reaction has been determined. Importantly, we have discovered that the cobalt catalysts described here give distinctive selectivities that are better than known catalysts. These selectivities come from a synergy between supporting ligand design and electronic control of the spin-state crossing in the reactions.

Holland, Patrick L. [Yale University] [Yale University

2013-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Spin and Anholonomy in General Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the general case, torsion couples to the spin current of the Dirac field. In General Relativity, the apparent torsion field to which the spin current of the Dirac field couples is a mere manifestation of the tetrad anholonomy. Seen from the tetrad frame itself, it has for components the anholonomy coefficients. The latter represent mechanical characteristics of the frame. In the teleparallel equivalent of General Relativity, this coefficient turns out to be the only torsion present.

R. Aldrovandi; P. B. Barros; J. G. Pereira

2004-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

282

Geometric Spin Hall Effect of Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a novel phenomenon occurring when a polarized Gaussian beam of light is observed in a Cartesian reference frame whose axes are not parallel to the direction of propagation of the beam. Such phenomenon amounts to an intriguing spin-dependent shift of the position of the center of the beam, with manners akin to the spin Hall effect of light. We demonstrate that this effect is unavoidable when the light beam possesses a nonzero transverse angular momentum.

Andrea Aiello; Christoph Marquardt; Gerd Leuchs

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

283

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

284

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

285

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

286

Motional Spin Relaxation in Large Electric Fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the precession of spin-polarized Ultra Cold Neutrons (UCN) and $^{3}$He atoms in uniform and static magnetic and electric fields and calculate the spin relaxation effects from motional $v\\times E$ magnetic fields. Particle motion in an electric field creates a motional $v\\times E$ magnetic field, which when combined with collisions, produces variations of the total magnetic field and results in spin relaxation of neutron and $^{3}$He samples. The spin relaxation times $T_{1}$ (longitudinal) and $T_{2}$ (transverse) of spin-polarized UCN and $^{3}$He atoms are important considerations in a new search for the neutron Electric Dipole Moment at the SNS \\emph{nEDM} experiment. We use a Monte Carlo approach to simulate the relaxation of spins due to the motional $v\\times E$ field for UCN and for $^{3}$He atoms at temperatures below $600,\\mathrm{mK}$. We find the relaxation times for the neutron due to the $v\\times E$ effect to be long compared to the neutron lifetime, while the $^{3}$He relaxation times may be important for the \\emph{nEDM} experiment.

Riccardo Schmid; B. Plaster; B. W. Filippone

2008-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

287

Spin structure in high energy processes: Proceedings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains papers as the following topics: Spin, Mass, and Symmetry; physics with polarized Z{sup 0}s; spin and precision electroweak physics; polarized electron sources; polarization phenomena in quantum chromodynamics; polarized lepton-nucleon scattering; polarized targets in high energy physics; spin dynamics in storage rings and linear accelerators; spin formalism and applications to new physics searches; precision electroweak physics at LEP; recent results on heavy flavor physics from LEP experiments using 1990--1992 data; precise measurement of the left-right cross section asymmetry in Z boson production by electron-positron collisions; preliminary results on heavy flavor physics at SLD; QCD tests with SLD and polarized beams; recent results from TRISTAN at KEK; recent B physics results from CLEO; searching for the H dibaryon at Brookhaven; recent results from the compton observatory; the spin structure of the deuteron; spin structure of the neutron ({sup 3}HE) and the Bjoerken sum rule; a consumer`s guide to lattice QCD results; top ten models constrained by b {yields} sy; a review of the Fermilab fixed target program; results from the D0 experiment; results from CDF at FNAL; quantum-mechanical suppression of bremsstrahlung; report from the ZEUS collaboration at HERA; physics from the first year of H1 at HERA, and hard diffraction. These papers have been cataloged separately elsewhere.

DePorcel, L.; Dunwoodie, C. [eds.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

289

Universal Control of Nuclear Spins Via Anisotropic Hyperfine Interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that nuclear spin subsystems can be completely controlled via microwave irradiation of resolved anisotropic hyperfine interactions with a nearby electron spin. Such indirect addressing of the nuclear spins via coupling to an electron allows us to create nuclear spin gates whose operational time is significantly faster than conventional direct addressing methods. We experimentally demonstrate the feasibility of this method on a solid-state ensemble system consisting of one electron and one nuclear spin.

Jonathan S. Hodges; Jamie C. Yang; Chandrasekhar Ramanathan; David G. Cory

2007-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

290

General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle February 3, 2011 - 3:36pm Addthis Image of the General Compression CAES system | courtesy of General Compression, Inc. Image of the General Compression CAES system | courtesy of General Compression, Inc. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Earlier this week, we told you about a new company that's developing battery technology that will allow energy storage for multiple hours on the power grid. General Compression is another innovative company that's developing a different way to store electricity by using compressed air energy storage, or CAES. The technology uses cheap power to pump air into

291

Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission characteristics in single crystal iron perovskites for 300 K < T < 800 K: Comparison of surface and bulk sensitive methods Title Correlation of conductivity and angle integrated valence band photoemission characteristics in single crystal iron perovskites for 300 K < T < 800 K: Comparison of surface and bulk sensitive methods Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Braun, Artur, Bongjin S. Mun, Yun Sun, Z. Liu, Oliver Gröning, R. Mäder, Selma Erat, Xueyuan Zhang, Samuel S. Mao, Ekaterina Pomjakushina, Kazimierz Conder, and Thomas Graule Journal Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena Volume 181 Issue 1 Pagination 56-62 Date Published 07/2013

292

General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle General Compression Looks at Energy Storage from a Different Angle February 3, 2011 - 3:36pm Addthis Image of the General Compression CAES system | courtesy of General Compression, Inc. Image of the General Compression CAES system | courtesy of General Compression, Inc. April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs Earlier this week, we told you about a new company that's developing battery technology that will allow energy storage for multiple hours on the power grid. General Compression is another innovative company that's developing a different way to store electricity by using compressed air energy storage, or CAES. The technology uses cheap power to pump air into

293

Minimal Neutrino Texture with Neutrino Mass Ratio and Cabibbo Angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present neutrino mass matrix textures in a minimal framework of the type-I seesaw mechanism where two right-handed Majorana neutrinos are introduced in order to reproduce experimental results of neutrino oscillations. The textures can lead to experimentally favored leptonic mixing angles described by the tri-bimaximal mixing with one additional rotation. We present minimal and next to minimal textures for the normal mass hierarchy case in a context of the texture zero. A minimal texture in the inverted hierarchy case is also constructed, which does not have any vanishing entries in a Dirac neutrino mass matrix. We also discuss some cases that model parameters in the textures are supposed to be a neutrino mass ratio and/or the Cabibbo angle. Predicted regions of mixing angles, a leptonic CP-violation parameter, and an effective mass for the neutrino-less double beta decay are presented in all textures.

Yusuke Shimizu; Ryo Takahashi; Morimitsu Tanimoto

2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

294

Off-Angle Iris Correction using a Biological Model  

SciTech Connect

This work implements an eye model to simulate corneal refraction effects. Using this model, ray tracing is performed to calculate transforms to remove refractive effects in off-angle iris images when reprojected to a frontal view. The correction process is used as a preprocessing step for off-angle iris images for input to a commercial matcher. With this method, a match score distribution mean improvement of 11.65% for 30 degree images, 44.94% for 40 degree images, and 146.1% improvement for 50 degree images is observed versus match score distributions with unmodi ed images.

Thompson, Joseph T [ORNL; Santos-Villalobos, Hector J [ORNL; Karakaya, Mahmut [ORNL; Barstow, Del R [ORNL; Bolme, David S [ORNL; Boehnen, Chris Bensing [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Monte Carlo modeling of spin FETs controlled by spin-orbit interaction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for Monte Carlo simulation of 2D spin-polarized electron transport in III-V semiconductor heterojunction (FETs) is presented. In the simulation, the dynamics of the electrons in coordinate and momentum space is treated semiclassically. The density ... Keywords: FET, Monte Carlo, spin orbit, spintronics

Min Shen; Semion Saikin; Ming-C. Cheng; Vladimir Privman

2004-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Effects of inelastic spin-dependent electron transport through a spin nanostructure in a magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

The transport properties and current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of a system of spin dimers with antiferromagnetic coupling arranged between metallic contacts are investigated in the tight binding approximation using the Landauer-Buttiker formalism. It is shown that the s-d(f) exchange interaction between the spin moments of the electrons being transported and the spins of the nanostructure leads to the formation of a potential profile as well as its variation due to spin-flip processes. As a result, the spin-dependent transport becomes inelastic, and the transmission coefficient and the I-V characteristic are strongly modified. It is found that the application of a magnetic field induces additional transparency peaks in the spectral characteristic of the system and causes the colossal magnetoresistance effect.

Val'kov, V. V., E-mail: vvv@iph.krasn.ru; Aksenov, S. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Siberian Branch (Russian Federation)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

297

Coherence and control of quantum registers based on electronic spin in a nuclear spin bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider a protocol for the control of few-qubit registers comprising one electronic spin embedded in a nuclear spin bath. We show how to isolate a few proximal nuclear spins from the rest of the environment and use them as building blocks for a potentially scalable quantum information processor. We describe how coherent control techniques based on magnetic resonance methods can be adapted to these electronic-nuclear solid state spin systems, to provide not only efficient, high fidelity manipulation of the registers, but also decoupling from the spin bath. As an example, we analyze feasible performances and practical limitations in a realistic setting associated with nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond.

P. Cappellaro; L. Jiang; J. S. Hodges; M. D. Lukin

2009-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

298

CONDITIONS OF PASSAGE AND ENTRAPMENT OF TERRESTRIAL PLANETS IN SPIN-ORBIT RESONANCES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dynamical evolution of terrestrial planets resembling Mercury in the vicinity of spin-orbit resonances is investigated using comprehensive harmonic expansions of the tidal torque taking into account the frequency-dependent quality factors and Love numbers. The torque equations are integrated numerically with a small step in time, including the oscillating triaxial torque components but neglecting the layered structure of the planet and assuming a zero obliquity. We find that a Mercury-like planet with a current value of orbital eccentricity (0.2056) is always captured in 3:2 resonance. The probability of capture in the higher 2:1 resonance is approximately 0.23. These results are confirmed by a semi-analytical estimation of capture probabilities as functions of eccentricity for both prograde and retrograde evolutions of spin rate. As follows from analysis of equilibrium torques, entrapment in 3:2 resonance is inevitable at eccentricities between 0.2 and 0.41. Considering the phase space parameters at the times of periastron, the range of spin rates and phase angles for which an immediate resonance passage is triggered is very narrow, and yet a planet like Mercury rarely fails to align itself into this state of unstable equilibrium before it traverses 2:1 resonance.

Makarov, Valeri V., E-mail: vvm@usno.navy.mil [United States Naval Observatory, 3450 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington DC, 20392-5420 (United States)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

299

Effects of Quark Spin Flip on the Collins Fragmentation Function in a Toy Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent extension of the NJL-jet model to hadronization of transversely polarized quarks allowed the study of the Collins fragmentation function. Both favored and unfavored Collins fragmentation functions were generated, the latter purely by multiple hadron emissions, with 1/2 moments of opposite sign in the region of the light-cone momentum fraction $z$ accessible in current experiments. Hints of such behavior has been seen in the measurements in several experiments. Also, in the transverse momentum dependent (TMD) hadron emission probabilities, modulations of up to fourth order in sine of the polar angle were observed, while the Collins effect describes just the linear modulations. A crucial part of the extended model was the calculation of the quark spin flip probability after each hadron emission in the jet. Here we study the effects of this probability on the resulting unfavored and favored Collins functions by setting it as a constant and use a toy model for the elementary single hadron emission probabilities. The results of the Monte Carlo simulations showed that preferential quark spin flip in the elementary hadron emission is needed to generate the favored and unfavored Collins functions with opposite sign 1/2 moments. For the TMD hadron emission modulations, we showed that the model quark spin flip probabilities are a partial source of the higher rode modulations, while the other source is the Collins modulation of the remnant quark from the hadron emission recoil.

Hrayr H. Matevosyan; Anthony W. Thomas; Wolfgang Bentz

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

300

USING STAR SPOTS TO MEASURE THE SPIN-ORBIT ALIGNMENT OF TRANSITING PLANETS  

SciTech Connect

Spectroscopic follow-up of dozens of transiting planets has revealed the degree of alignment between the equators of stars and the orbits of the planets they host. Here we determine a method, applicable to spotted stars, that can reveal the same information from the photometric discovery data, with no need for follow-up. A spot model fit to the global light curve, parameterized by the spin orientation of the star, predicts when the planet will transit the spots. Observing several spot crossings during different transits then leads to constraints on the spin-orbit alignment. In cases where stellar spots are small, the stellar inclination, i{sub s} , and hence the true alignment, rather than just the sky projection, can be obtained. This method has become possible with the advent of space telescopes such as CoRoT and Kepler, which photometrically monitor transiting planets over a nearly continuous, long time baseline. We apply our method to CoRoT-2 and find the projected spin-orbit alignment angle, {lambda} = 4.{sup 0}7 {+-} 12.{sup 0}3, in excellent agreement with a previous determination that employed the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. The large spots of the parent star, CoRoT-2, limit our precision on i{sub s} : 84{sup 0} {+-} 36{sup 0}, where i{sub s} < 90{sup 0}(> 90{sup 0}) indicates that the rotation axis is tilted toward (away from) the line of sight.

Nutzman, Philip A.; Fabrycky, Daniel C.; Fortney, Jonathan J., E-mail: pnutzman@ucolick.org [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Spin Flips and Precession in Black-Hole-Binary Mergers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the `moving puncture' approach to perform fully non-linear evolutions of spinning quasi-circular black-hole binaries with individual spins not aligned with the orbital angular momentum. We evolve configurations with the individual spins (parallel and equal in magnitude) pointing in the orbital plane and 45-degrees above the orbital plane. We introduce a technique to measure the spin direction and track the precession of the spin during the merger, as well as measure the spin flip in the remnant horizon. The former configuration completes 1.75 orbits before merging, with the spin precessing by 98-degrees and the final remnant horizon spin flipped by ~72-degrees with respect to the component spins. The latter configuration completes 2.25 orbits, with the spins precessing by 151-degrees and the final remnant horizon spin flipped ~34-degrees with respect to the component spins. These simulations show for the first time how the spins are reoriented during the final stage of binary black hole mergers verifying the hypothesis of the spin-flip phenomenon. We also compute the track of the holes before merger and observe a precession of the orbital plane with frequency similar to the orbital frequency and amplitude increasing with time.

Manuela Campanelli; Carlos O. Lousto; Yosef Zlochower; Badri Krishnan; David Merritt

2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

302

SSM/I Brightness Temperature Corrections for Incidence Angle Variations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The incidence angles of the SSM/I radiometers on the DMSP satellites vary from satellite to satellite and exhibit variations of up to 1.5° during one orbit. The effects of these variations on the measured brightness temperatures are investigated ...

Rolf Fuhrhop; Clemens Simmer

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Wind Turbine Pitch Angle Controllers for Grid Frequency Stabilisation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Pitch Angle Controllers for Grid Frequency Stabilisation Clemens Jauch Risø National Laboratory Wind Energy Department P.O. Box 49 DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark clemens.jauch@risoe.dk Abstract: In this paper it is investigated how active-stall wind turbines can contribute to the stabilisation of the power

304

Numerical Simulation of Katabatic Flow with Changing Slope Angle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large eddy simulation (LES) model and the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) model, which does not resolve turbulent eddies, are used to study the effect of a slope angle decrease on the structure of katabatic slope flows. For a simple, ...

Craig M. Smith; Eric D. Skyllingstad

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Neutrino Mass Models: Impact of non-zero reactor angle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this talk neutrino mass models are reviewed and the impact of a non-zero reactor angle and other deviations from tri-bimaximal mixing are discussed. We propose some benchmark models, where the only way to discriminate between them is by high precision neutrino oscillation experiments.

Stephen F. King

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

306

The Estimation of Wind Turbine Pitch Angle Based on ANN  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Variable-speed and constant-frequency (VSCF) pitch-controlled wind turbine is believed to be superior to other types of wind turbine due to its features such as high efficiency and ideal starting and braking performance, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) ... Keywords: VSCF, ANN, pitch angle, Pitch-controlled system

Yanping Liu; Shuhong Liu; Hongmei Guo; Huajun Wang

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Nucleon Spin Structure: Longitudinal and Transverse  

SciTech Connect

Inclusive Deep-Inelastic Scattering (DIS) experiments have provided us with the most extensive information on the unpolarized and longitudinal polarized parton (quark and gluon) distributions in the nucleon. It has becoming clear that transverse spin and transverse momentum dependent distributions (TMDs) study are crucial for a more complete understanding of the nucleon structure and the dynamics of the strong interaction. The transverse spin structure and the TMDs are the subject of increasingly intense theoretical and experimental study recently. With a high luminosity electron beam facility, JLab has played a major role in the worldwide effort to study both the longitudinal and transverse spin structure. Highlights of recent results will be presented. With 12-GeV energy upgrade, JLab will provide the most precise measurements in the valence quark region to close a chapter in longitudinal spin study. JLab will also perform a multi-dimensional mapping of the transverse spin structure and TMDs in the valence quark region through Semi-Inclusive DIS (SIDIS) experiments, providing a 3-d partonic picture of the nucleon in momentum space and extracting the u and d quark tensor charges of the nucleon. The precision mapping of TMDs will also allow a detailed study of the quark orbital motion and its dynamics.

Jian-Ping Chen

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Spin Tracking Studies for Beam Polarization Preservation in the NLC Main Damping Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with implementing the spin tracking routines in particular.Tech Note-326 Spin-Tracking Studies for Beam Polarizationhave been based on spin tracking particles through the

Wolski, Andrzej; Bates, Daniel

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Rapid emission angle selection for rotating-shield brachytherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The authors present a rapid emission angle selection (REAS) method that enables the efficient selection of the azimuthal shield angle for rotating shield brachytherapy (RSBT). The REAS method produces a Pareto curve from which a potential RSBT user can select a treatment plan that balances the tradeoff between delivery time and tumor dose conformity. Methods: Two cervical cancer patients were considered as test cases for the REAS method. The RSBT source considered was a Xoft Axxent{sup TM} electronic brachytherapy source, partially shielded with 0.5 mm of tungsten, which traveled inside a tandem intrauterine applicator. Three anchor RSBT plans were generated for each case using dose-volume optimization, with azimuthal shield emission angles of 90 Degree-Sign , 180 Degree-Sign , and 270 Degree-Sign . The REAS method converts the anchor plans to treatment plans for all possible emission angles by combining neighboring beamlets to form beamlets for larger emission angles. Treatment plans based on exhaustive dose-volume optimization (ERVO) and exhaustive surface optimization (ERSO) were also generated for both cases. Uniform dwell-time scaling was applied to all plans such that that high-risk clinical target volume D{sub 90} was maximized without violating the D{sub 2cc} tolerances of the rectum, bladder, and sigmoid colon. Results: By choosing three azimuthal emission angles out of 32 potential angles, the REAS method performs about 10 times faster than the ERVO method. By setting D{sub 90} to 85-100 Gy{sub 10}, the delivery times used by REAS generated plans are 21.0% and 19.5% less than exhaustive surface optimized plans used by the two clinical cases. By setting the delivery time budget to 5-25 and 10-30 min/fx, respectively, for two the cases, the D{sub 90} contributions for REAS are improved by 5.8% and 5.1% compared to the ERSO plans. The ranges used in this comparison were selected in order to keep both D{sub 90} and the delivery time within acceptable limits. Conclusions: The REAS method enables efficient RSBT treatment planning and delivery and provides treatment plans with comparable quality to those generated by exhaustive replanning with dose-volume optimization.

Liu, Yunlong [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Iowa, 4016 Seamans Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Flynn, Ryan T.; Kim, Yusung; Bhatia, Sudershan K.; Sun, Wenqing [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Yang Wenjun [Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Iowa, 1402 Seamans Center for the Engineering Arts and Sciences, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Wu Xiaodong [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Iowa, 4016 Seamans Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States)

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

310

Asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel asymmetric-cut variable-incident-angle monochromator was constructed and tested in 1997 at the Advanced Photon Source of Argonne National Laboratory. The monochromator was originally designed as a high heat load monochromator capable of handling 5-10 kW beams from a wiggler source. This was accomplished by spreading the x-ray beam out on the surface an asymmetric-cut crystal and by using liquid metal cooling of the first crystal. The monochromator turned out to be a highly versatile monochromator that could perform many different types of experiments. The monochromator consisted of two 18 deg. asymmetrically cut Si crystals that could be rotated about 3 independent axes. The first stage ({Phi}) rotates the crystal around an axis perpendicular to the diffraction plane. This rotation changes the angle of the incident beam with the surface of the crystal without changing the Bragg angle. The second rotation ({Psi}) is perpendicular to the first and is used to control the shape of the beam footprint on the crystal. The third rotation ({Theta}) controls the Bragg angle. Besides the high heat load application, the use of asymmetrically cut crystals allows one to increase or decrease the acceptance angle for crystal diffraction of a monochromatic x-ray beam and allows one to increase or decrease the wavelength bandwidth of the diffraction of a continuum source like a bending-magnet beam or a normal x-ray-tube source. When the monochromator is used in the doubly expanding mode, it is possible to expand the vertical size of the double-diffracted beam by a factor of 10-15. When this was combined with a bending magnet source, it was possible to generate an 8 keV area beam, 16 mm wide by 26 mm high with a uniform intensity and parallel to 1.2 arc sec that could be applied in imaging experiments.

Smither, R. K.; Fernandez, P. B.; Mills, D. M. [Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Graber, T. J. [Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637 (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

Tunable Polarization of Spin Polarized Current by Magnetic Field  

SciTech Connect

The spin polarization of a high g-factor bulk semiconductor is theoretically investigated in the presence of a magnetic field parallel to a driving electric field. Calculations have been carried out using the energy-dependent relaxation time approximation in association with spin-flip scattering. As the magnitude of the magnetic field increases, the spin-polarized current alternates between the spin-up and spin-down states for the low spin-scattering system. This implies that the current polarization can be tuned by controlling the magnetic field strength, suggesting possible applications to spintronic devices. An experimental method for investigating alternative current polarization is also considered.

Joo, S.; Kim, K.; Lee, J.; Kim, T.; Rhie, K.; Hong, J.; Shin, K-H.

2010-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

312

ANALYSIS OF SPIN-ORBIT ALIGNMENT IN THE WASP-32, WASP-38, AND HAT-P-27/WASP-40 SYSTEMS  

SciTech Connect

We present measurements of the spin-orbit alignment angle, {lambda}, for the hot Jupiter systems WASP-32, WASP-38, and HAT-P-27/WASP-40, based on data obtained using the HARPS spectrograph. We analyze the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect for all three systems and also carry out Doppler tomography for WASP-32 and WASP-38. We find that WASP-32 (T {sub eff} = 6140{sup +90} {sub -100} K) is aligned, with an alignment angle of {lambda} = 10.{sup 0}5{sup +6.4} {sub -6.5} obtained through tomography, and that WASP-38 (T {sub eff} = 6180{sup +40} {sub -60} K) is also aligned, with tomographic analysis yielding {lambda} = 7.{sup 0}5{sup +4.7} {sub -6.1}. The latter result provides an order-of-magnitude improvement in the uncertainty in {lambda} compared to the previous analysis of Simpson et al. We are only able to loosely constrain the angle for HAT-P-27/WASP-40 (T{sub eff} = 5190{sup +160} {sub -170} K) to {lambda} = 24.{sup 0}2{sup +76.0}{sub -44.5}, owing to the poor signal-to-noise ratio of our data. We consider this result a non-detection under a slightly updated version of the alignment test of Brown et al. We place our results in the context of the full sample of spin-orbit alignment measurements, finding that they provide further support for previously established trends.

Brown, D. J. A.; Collier Cameron, A.; Enoch, B.; Miller, G. R. M. [SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS (United Kingdom); Diaz, R. F. [LAM (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille), Aix Marseille Universite, CNRS, UMR 7326, F-13388 Marseille (France); Doyle, A. P.; Smalley, B.; Anderson, D. R.; Hellier, C.; Maxted, P. F. L. [Astrophysics Group, School of Physical and Geographical Sciences, Lennard-Jones Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Gillon, M. [Institut d'Astrophysique et de Geophysique, Universite de Liege, Allee du 6 Aout, 17 (Bat. B5C) Sart Tilman, B-4000 Liege (Belgium); Lendl, M.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Queloz, D. [Observatoire Astronomique de l'Universite de Geneve, 51 Chemin des Maillettes, CH-1290 Sauverny (Switzerland); Pollacco, D. [Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queen's University, University Road, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Boisse, I. [Centro de Astrofisica, Universidade do Porto, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto (Portugal); Hebrard, G., E-mail: djab@st-andrews.ac.uk [Institut dAstrophysique de Paris, UMR7095 CNRS, Universite Pierre and Marie Curie, 98bis boulevard Arago, F-75014 Paris (France)

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Definition: Operating Reserve - Spinning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reserve - Spinning Reserve - Spinning Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Operating Reserve - Spinning The portion of Operating Reserve consisting of: Generation synchronized to the system and fully available to serve load within the Disturbance Recovery Period following the contingency event; or, Load fully removable from the system within the Disturbance Recovery Period following the contingency event.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electricity networks, the operating reserve is the generating capacity available to the system operator within a short interval of time to meet demand in case a generator goes down or there is another disruption to the supply. Most power systems are designed so that, under normal conditions, the operating reserve is always at least the capacity of the

314

Spinning with the Sun | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Spinning with the Sun Spinning with the Sun Spinning with the Sun April 4, 2013 - 3:31pm Addthis Patrick Yarn Mills, located in Kings Mountain North Carolina, installed a 105-kilowatt rooftop solar system with the help of the Energy Department's State Energy Program. | Photo courtesy of the NC Energy Office. Patrick Yarn Mills, located in Kings Mountain North Carolina, installed a 105-kilowatt rooftop solar system with the help of the Energy Department's State Energy Program. | Photo courtesy of the NC Energy Office. Julie McAlpin Communications Liaison, State Energy Program What does this project do? Patrick Yarn Mills installed a 105-kilowatt rooftop solar array that produces enough energy to power 14 homes. Since the array was installed more than two years ago, it has generated enough energy to power 1,732 6-watt lightbulbs for eight hours a

315

Magellan Tackles the Mysterious Proton Spin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magellan Tackles Magellan Tackles Mysterious Proton Spin Magellan Tackles Mysterious Proton Spin July 28, 2011 | Tags: Accelerator Science, Data Transfer, ESnet, Magellan Linda Vu, lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 The STAR experiment's detector records the decay of subatomic smash-ups to uncover how the fundamental building blocks of the universe work. What makes a proton spin? That is one of the biggest mysteries in physics. Although researchers do not fully understand the underlying physics of this phenomenon, they do know that it contributes to the stability of the universe, magnetic interactions, and are a vital component of technologies like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines that are used in hospitals around the globe. To solve this mystery, researchers are smashing together polarized proton

316

The Jefferson Lab Frozen Spin Target  

SciTech Connect

A frozen spin polarized target, constructed at Jefferson Lab for use inside a large acceptance spectrometer, is described. The target has been utilized for photoproduction measurements with polarized tagged photons of both longitudinal and circular polarization. Protons in TEMPO-doped butanol were dynamically polarized to approximately 90% outside the spectrometer at 5 T and 200-300 mK. Photoproduction data were acquired with the target inside the spectrometer at a frozen-spin temperature of approximately 30 mK with the polarization maintained by a thin, superconducting coil installed inside the target cryostat. A 0.56 T solenoid was used for longitudinal target polarization and a 0.50 T dipole for transverse polarization. Spin relaxation times as high as 4000 hours were observed. We also report polarization results for deuterated propanediol doped with the trityl radical OX063.

Christopher Keith, James Brock, Christopher Carlin, Sara Comer, David Kashy, Josephine McAndrew, David Meekins, Eugene Pasyuk, Joshua Pierce, Mikell Seely

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Spin Chains as Perfect Quantum State Mirrors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum information transfer is an important part of quantum information processing. Several proposals for quantum information transfer along linear arrays of nearest-neighbor coupled qubits or spins were made recently. Perfect transfer was shown to exist in two models with specifically designed strongly inhomogeneous couplings. We show that perfect transfer occurs in an entire class of chains, including systems whose nearest-neighbor couplings vary only weakly along the chain. The key to these observations is the Jordan-Wigner mapping of spins to noninteracting lattice fermions which display perfectly periodic dynamics if the single-particle energy spectrum is appropriate. After a half-period of that dynamics any state is transformed into its mirror image with respect to the center of the chain. The absence of fermion interactions preserves these features at arbitrary temperature and allows for the transfer of nontrivially entangled states of several spins or qubits.

Peter Karbach; Joachim Stolze

2005-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

318

SPIN COUPLING RESONANCE STUDY IN AGS.  

SciTech Connect

In the AGS spin resonances due to coupling may account for as much as a 50 percent loss in polarization at a reduced acceleration rate. The major source of coupling in the AGS is the solenoidal snake. In the past some preliminary work was done to understand this phenomena, and a method to overcome these resonances was attempted. However in the polarized proton run of 2002 we sought to study more thoroughly the response of these coupled spin resonances to the strength of the solenoidal snake, skew quadrupoles and vertical and horizontal betatron tune separation. In this paper we present our results and compare them with those predicted by a modified DEPOL program.

RANJBAR,V.; AHRENS,L.; BAI,M.; BROWN,K.; GLENN,W.; HUANG,H.; LUCCIO,A.; MACKAY,W.W.; PTITSYN,V.; ROSER,T.; TSOUPAS,N.; LEE,S.Y.

2002-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

319

Neutron single target spin asymmetries in SIDIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The experiment E06-010 in Hall A at Jefferson Lab took data between November 2008 and February 2009 to directly measure, for the first time, the pion (and kaon) single "neutron" target-spin asymmetry (SSA) in semi-inclusive DIS from a polarized 3He target. Collins, Sivers (and Pretzelosity) neutron asymmetries are going to be extracted from the measured SSA. Details of the experiment are described together with the preliminary results of the ongoing analysis. Near future Hall A experiments on transverse nucleon spin structure are shorty reviewed.

Evaristo Cisbani

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Isovector and isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths in $^{11}$B  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The $^{11}$B($^3$He$, t$), $^{11}$B($d, d'$), and $^{11}$B($p, p'$) reactions were measured at forward scattering angles including $0^\\circ$ to study the isovector and isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths in $^{11}$B. The measured $^{11}$B($^3$He$, t$) cross sections were compared with the results of the distorted-wave impulse-approximation (DWIA) calculation, and the Gamow-Teller (GT) strengths for low-lying states in $^{11}$C were determined. The GT strengths were converted to the isovector spin-flip M1 strengths using the isobaric analog relations under the assumption of the isospin symmetry. The isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths were obtained from the ($d, d'$) analysis by assuming that the shape of the collective transition form factor with the same ${\\Delta}J^\\pi$ is similar in the $^{11}$B($d, d'$) and $^{12}$C($d, d'$) reactions. The obtained isovector and isoscalar strengths were used in the DWIA calculations for the $^{11}$B($p, p'$) reaction. The DWIA calculation reasonably well explains the present $^{11}$B($p, p'$) result. However, the calculated cross section for the 8.92-MeV 3/2$^-_2$ state was significantly smaller than the experimental values. The transition strengths obtained in the shell-model calculations were found to be 20-50% larger than the experimental strengths. The transition strengths for the neutrino induced reactions were estimated by using the isovector and isoscalar spin-flip M1 strengths. The present results are quantitatively in agreement with the theoretical estimation discussing the axial isoscalar coupling in the neutrino scattering process, and are useful in the measurement of the stellar neutrinos using the neutral- and charged-current reactions on $^{11}$B.

T. Kawabata; H. Akimune; H. Fujimura; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; M. Fujiwara; K. Hara; K. Y. Hara; K. Hatanaka; T. Ishikawa; M. Itoh; J. Kamiya; S. Kishi; M. Nakamura; K. Nakanishi; T. Noro; H. Sakaguchi; Y. Shimbara; H. Takeda; A. Tamii; S. Terashima; H. Toyokawa; M. Uchida; H. Ueno; T. Wakasa; Y. Yasuda; H. P. Yoshida; M. Yosoi

2004-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Mechanism and assessment of spin transfer torque (STT) based memory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a sufficient current density passes through the MTJ, the spin-polarized current will exert a spin transfer torque to switch the magnetization of the free layer. This is the fundamental of the novel write mechanism in ...

Loh, Iong Ying

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Spin-squeezing of ??Rb via optical measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This project aims to reduce measurement uncertainty in atomic clocks by squeezing the collective spin of atoms. Spin-squeezing reduces noise below the standard quantum limit where precision scales as 1/ [square root of] ...

Schwab, Adele Ann

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Ripples in a string coupled to Glauber spins  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Each oscillator in a linear chain (a string) interacts with a local Ising spin in contact with a thermal bath. These spins evolve according to Glauber dynamics. Below a critical temperature, there appears an equilibrium, ...

Rosales, Rodolfo R.

324

Spin-orbit interaction in final state as possible reason for T-odd correlation in ternary fission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A model for ternary fission is discussed in which a third particle (alpha-particle) is emitted due to non-adiabatic change of the nuclear potential at neck rapture. An expression for energy and angular distribution of alpha-particles is proposed. It is shown that an interaction between spin of fissioning system and orbital momentum of alpha-particle (spin-orbit interaction in the final state) results in recently observed asymmetry of alpha-particle emission, which can be formally related to T-odd correlation. No strong dependence of the asymmetry on the angle of alpha-particle emission with respect to the fission axis is predicted by the model in accordance with the experimental data.

A. L. Barabanov

2007-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

325

An Investigation of Spin and Charge Transport in Doped and Defected Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fig 9-3 Test of nuclear spin effects……………………………………………………..a series of tests. Test 1 : Nuclear spin relaxation timesnuclear spin Fig 9-3 Test of nuclear spin effects. The non-

McCreary, Kathleen M.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Searching for the Neutrino Mixing Angle Theta-13 at Reactors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two neutrino mixing angles have been measured, and much of the neutrino community is turning its attention to the unmeasured mixing angle, $\\quq$, whose best limit comes from the reactor neutrino experiment CHOOZ.\\cite{bib:chooz} New two detector reactor neutrino experiments are being planned, along with more ambitious accelerator experiments, to measure or further limit $\\quq$. Here I will overview how to measure $\\quq$ using reactor neutrinos, mention some experiments that were considered and are not going forward, and review the current status of four projects: Double Chooz in France, Daya Bay in China, RENO in South Korea and Angra in Brazil. Finally I will mention how the neutrino observer can gauge progress in these projects two years from now as we approach the times corresponding to early estimates for new results.

Goodman, Maury

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Metal oxide morphology in argon-assisted glancing angle deposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Glancing angle deposition (GLAD) is a thin film deposition technique capable of fabricating columnar architectures such as posts, helices, and chevrons with control over nanoscale film features. Argon bombardment during deposition modifies the GLAD process, producing films with new morphologies which have shown promise for sensing and photonic devices. The authors report modification of column tilt angle, film density, and specific surface area for 12 different metal oxide and fluoride film materials deposited using Ar-assisted GLAD. For the vapor flux/ion beam geometry and materials studied here, with increasing argon flux, the column tilt increases, film density increases, and specific surface area decreases. With a better understanding of the nature of property modification and the mechanisms responsible, the Ar-assisted deposition process can be more effectively targeted towards specific applications, including birefringent thin films or photonic crystal square spirals.

Sorge, J. B.; Taschuk, M. T.; Wakefield, N. G.; Sit, J. C.; Brett, M. J. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4 (Canada); Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4 (Canada) and NRC National Institute for Nanotechnology, Edmonton, AB T6G 2M9 (Canada)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

328

A SMALL-ANGLE DRILL-HOLE WHIPSTOCK  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A small angle whipstock is described for accurately correcting or deviating a drill hole by a very small angle. The whipstock is primarily utilized when drilling extremely accurate, line-of-slight test holes as required for diagnostic studies related to underground nuclear test shots. The invention is constructed of a length of cylindrical pipe or casing, with a whipstock seating spike extending from the lower end. A wedge-shaped segment is secured to the outer circumference of the upper end of the cylinder at a position diametrically opposite the circumferential position of the spike. Pin means are provided for affixing the whipstock to a directional drill bit and stem to alloy orienting and setting the whipstock properly in the drill hole. (AEC)

Nielsen, D.E.; Olsen, J.L.; Bennett, W.P.

1963-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

329

Angle amplifying optics using plane and ellipsoidal reflectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical system for providing a wide angle input beam into ellipsoidal laser fusion target illumination systems. The optical system comprises one or more pairs of centrally apertured plane and ellipsoidal mirrors disposed to accept the light input from a conventional lens of modest focal length and thickness, to increase the angular divergence thereof to a value equivalent to that of fast lenses, and to direct the light into the ellipsoidal target illumination system.

Glass, Alexander J. (Pleasanton, CA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Spin Polarized Supercurrents Optimized with a Simple Flip  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Production of superconducting currents (“supercurrents”) that are also spin polarized opens up new possibilities in spintronics, an emerging field ...

2012-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

331

Recent Results from Jefferson Lab RSS Spin Physics Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The spin physics program in Jefferson Lab’s Hall C concentrates on high precision and high resolution studies of the nucleon spin structure that can be extracted from inclusive polarized scattering experiments. The Resonances Spin Structure— RSS experiment has measured nucleon spin structure functions in the resonances region at an intermediate four?momentum transfer Q 2 ?1.3? GeV 2 . The polarized target in Hall C could be polarized longitudinally and transversely

Mahbub Khandaker; the RSS Collaboration

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Angles-Furanose Rings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

angles in Furanose Rings angles in Furanose Rings ----------------------------------------------------- ribose deoxyribose ----------------------------------------------------- angle mean esd N mean esd N value value ----------------------------------------------------- C1'-C2'-C3' 101.5 (0.9, 80) 102.7 (1.4, 47) C2'-C3'-C4' 102.7 (1.0, 80) 103.2 (1.0, 47) C3'-C4'-O4' 105.5 (1.4, 80) 105.6 (1.0, 47) C4'-O4'-C1' 109.6 (0.9, 80) 109.7 (1.4, 47) O4'-C1'-C2' 106.4 (1.4, 80) 106.1 (1.0, 47) C1'-C2'-O2' 110.6 (3.0, 80) na C3'-C2'-O2' 113.3 (2.9, 80) na C2'-C3'-O3' 111.0 (2.8, 80) 110.6 (2.7, 47) C4'-C3'-O3' 110.6 (2.6, 80) 110.3 (2.2, 47) C5'-C4'-C3' 115.5 (1.5, 80) 114.7 (1.5, 47)

333

Fermi Liquid Instabilities in the Spin Channel  

SciTech Connect

We study the Fermi surface instabilities of the Pomeranchuk type in the spin triplet channel with high orbital partial waves (F{sub l}{sup a} (l > 0)). The ordered phases are classified into two classes, dubbed the {alpha} and {beta}-phases by analogy to the superfluid {sup 3}He-A and B-phases. The Fermi surfaces in the {alpha}-phases exhibit spontaneous anisotropic distortions, while those in the {beta}-phases remain circular or spherical with topologically non-trivial spin configurations in momentum space. In the {alpha}-phase, the Goldstone modes in the density channel exhibit anisotropic overdamping. The Goldstone modes in the spin channel have nearly isotropic underdamped dispersion relation at small propagating wavevectors. Due to the coupling to the Goldstone modes, the spin wave spectrum develops resonance peaks in both the {alpha} and {beta}-phases, which can be detected in inelastic neutron scattering experiments. In the p-wave channel {beta}-phase, a chiral ground state inhomogeneity is spontaneously generated due to a Lifshitz-like instability in the originally nonchiral systems. Possible experiments to detect these phases are discussed.

Wu, Congjun; /Santa Barbara, KITP; Sun, Kai; Fradkin, Eduardo; /Illinois U., Urbana; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

334

Nucleon spin structure at Jefferson Lab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past decade an extensive experimental program to measure the spin structure of the nucleon has been carried out in the three halls at Jefferson Lab. Using a longitudinally polarized beam scattering off longitudinally or transversely polarized 3 He NH 3 and ND 3 targets

The CLAS collaboration

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Current Status of Transverse Spin at STAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The origins of the proton spin remain an area of active investigation. The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Lab uniquely provides polarized proton data at high center of mass energies. STAR has previously reported large transverse single spin asymmetries for inclusive neutral pion production in the forward direction at square root of s of 200 GeV, measured with a modular Pb-glass calorimeter called the "Forward Pion Detector" (FPD). Beginning in 2008 (Run 8), STAR's forward calorimetry was significantly enhanced with the commissioning of the "Forward Meson Spectrometer" (FMS), which has full azimuthal coverage in the pseudo-rapidity range 2.5 to 4.2. This detector has extended asymmetry measurements to higher transverse momentum, and its large areal coverage enables measurements of higher mass resonances and "jet-like" correlations. STAR also provides excellent tracking and full azimuthal electromagnetic calorimeter coverage at mid-rapidity, which facilitates analyses of spin-dependent jet structure. Here we review recent transverse spin measurements with the STAR detector and also present an update on some existing analyses.

Andrew Gordon for the STAR Collaboration

2010-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

336

Magnetization rotation or generation of incoherent spin waves? Suggestions for a spin-transfer effect experiment.  

SciTech Connect

''Spin-transfer'' torque is created when electric current is passed through metallic ferromagnets and may have interesting applications in spintronics. So far it was experimentally studied in ''collinear'' geometries, where it is difficult to predict whether magnetization will coherently rotate or spin-waves will be generated. Here we propose an easy modification of existing experiment in which the spin-polarization of incoming current will no longer be collinear with magnetization and recalculate the switching behavior of the device. We expect that a better agreement with the magnetization rotation theory will be achieved. That can be an important step in reconciling alternative points of view on the effect of spin-transfer torque.

Bazaliy, Y. B.; Jones, B. A.

2002-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

337

Coherent spin control by electrical manipulation of the magnetic anisotropy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High-spin paramagnetic manganese defects in polar piezoelectric zinc oxide exhibit a simple almost axial anisotropy and phase coherence times of the order of a millisecond at low temperatures. The anisotropy energy is tunable using an externally applied electric field. This can be used to control electrically the phase of spin superpositions and to drive spin transitions with resonant microwave electric fields.

Richard E George; James P Edwards; Arzhang Ardavan

2012-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

338

Multiple-spin coherence transfer in linear Ising spin chains and beyond: Numerically optimized pulses and experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study multiple-spin coherence transfers in linear Ising spin chains with nearest-neighbor couplings. These constitute a model for efficient information transfers in future quantum computing devices and for many ...

Nimbalka, Manoj

339

Electrical detection of spin echoes for phosphorus donors in silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electrical detection of spin echoes via echo tomography is used to observe decoherence processes associated with the electrical readout of the spin state of phosphorus donor electrons in silicon near a SiO$_2$ interface. Using the Carr-Purcell pulse sequence, an echo decay with a time constant of $1.7\\pm0.2 \\rm{\\mu s}$ is observed, in good agreement with theoretical modeling of the interaction between donors and paramagnetic interface states. Electrical spin echo tomography thus can be used to study the spin dynamics in realistic spin qubit devices for quantum information processing.

Hans Huebl; Felix Hoehne; Benno Grolik; Andre R. Stegner; Martin Stutzmann; Martin S. Brandt

2007-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

340

Solid state quantum memory using the 31P nuclear spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transfer of information between different physical forms is a central theme in communication and computation, for example between processing entities and memory. Nowhere is this more crucial than in quantum computation, where great effort must be taken to protect the integrity of a fragile quantum bit. Nuclear spins are known to benefit from long coherence times compared to electron spins, but are slow to manipulate and suffer from weak thermal polarisation. A powerful model for quantum computation is thus one in which electron spins are used for processing and readout while nuclear spins are used for storage. Here we demonstrate the coherent transfer of a superposition state in an electron spin 'processing' qubit to a nuclear spin 'memory' qubit, using a combination of microwave and radiofrequency pulses applied to 31P donors in an isotopically pure 28Si crystal. The electron spin state can be stored in the nuclear spin on a timescale that is long compared with the electron decoherence time and then coherently transferred back to the electron spin, thus demonstrating the 31P nuclear spin as a solid-state quantum memory. The overall store/readout fidelity is about 90%, attributed to systematic imperfections in radiofrequency pulses which can be improved through the use of composite pulses. We apply dynamic decoupling to protect the nuclear spin quantum memory element from sources of decoherence. The coherence lifetime of the quantum memory element is found to exceed one second at 5.5K.

John J. L. Morton; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Richard M. Brown; Shyam Shankar; Brendon W. Lovett; Arzhang Ardavan; Thomas Schenkel; Eugene E. Haller; Joel W. Ager; S. A. Lyon

2008-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Non-Abelian hydrodynamics and the flow of spin in spin-orbit coupled substances  

SciTech Connect

Motivated by the heavy ion collision experiments there is much activity in studying the hydrodynamical properties of non-Abelian (quark-gluon) plasmas. A major question is how to deal with color currents. Although not widely appreciated, quite similar issues arise in condensed matter physics in the context of the transport of spins in the presence of spin-orbit coupling. The key insight is that the Pauli Hamiltonian governing the leading relativistic corrections in condensed matter systems can be rewritten in a language of SU(2) covariant derivatives where the role of the non-Abelian gauge fields is taken by the physical electromagnetic fields: the Pauli system can be viewed as Yang-Mills quantum-mechanics in a 'fixed frame', and it can be viewed as an 'analogous system' for non-Abelian transport in the same spirit as Volovik's identification of the He superfluids as analogies for quantum fields in curved space time. We take a similar perspective as Jackiw and coworkers in their recent study of non-Abelian hydrodynamics, twisting the interpretation into the 'fixed frame' context, to find out what this means for spin transport in condensed matter systems. We present an extension of Jackiw's scheme: non-Abelian hydrodynamical currents can be factored in a 'non-coherent' classical part, and a coherent part requiring macroscopic non-Abelian quantum entanglement. Hereby it becomes particularly manifest that non-Abelian fluid flow is a much richer affair than familiar hydrodynamics, and this permits us to classify the various spin transport phenomena in condensed matter physics in an unifying framework. The 'particle based hydrodynamics' of Jackiw et al. is recognized as the high temperature spin transport associated with semiconductor spintronics. In this context the absence of faithful hydrodynamics is well known, but in our formulation it is directly associated with the fact that the covariant conservation of non-Abelian currents turns into a disastrous non-conservation of the incoherent spin currents of the high temperature limit. We analyze the quantum-mechanical single particle currents of relevance to mesoscopic transport with as highlight the Ahronov-Casher effect, where we demonstrate that the intricacies of the non-Abelian transport render this effect to be much more fragile than its abelian analog, the Ahronov-Bohm effect. We subsequently focus on spin flows protected by order parameters. At present there is much interest in multiferroics where non-collinear magnetic order triggers macroscopic electric polarization via the spin-orbit coupling. We identify this to be a peculiarity of coherent non-Abelian hydrodynamics: although there is no net particle transport, the spin entanglement is transported in these magnets and the coherent spin 'super' current in turn translates into electric fields with the bonus that due to the requirement of single valuedness of the magnetic order parameter a true hydrodynamics is restored. Finally, 'fixed-frame' coherent non-Abelian transport comes to its full glory in spin-orbit coupled 'spin superfluids', and we demonstrate a new effect: the trapping of electrical line charge being a fixed frame, non-Abelian analog of the familiar magnetic flux trapping by normal superconductors. The only known physical examples of such spin superfluids are the {sup 3}He A- and B-phase where unfortunately the spin-orbit coupling is so weak that it appears impossible to observe these effects.

Leurs, B.W.A. [Instituut Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands)], E-mail: leurs@lorentz.leidenuniv.nl; Nazario, Z.; Santiago, D.I.; Zaanen, J. [Instituut Lorentz for Theoretical Physics, Leiden University, Leiden (Netherlands)

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

342

Spin Effects in High Energy Hadron Elastic Scattering  

SciTech Connect

The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude in elastic scattering leads to significant spin dependencies at very low momentum transfer t. Recent results on AN and ANN in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at very low t using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/c polarized proton beam are at RHIC are presented. Our AN pp data are well described with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude. The double spin asymmetry ANN is found to be consistent with zero over the whole measured t range, indicating that double spin-flip amplitudes do not play a role in this kinematical region.

Bravar, Alessandro [Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States)

2006-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

343

Weinberg Angle and Integer Electric Charges of Quarks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Orthogonality between photon and Z boson involves the Weinberg angle and a scheme for assignments of electric charge and weak isospin to leptons and quarks coupling to photon and Z. The Han-Nambu scheme, with integer electric charges for quarks, satisfies photon-Z orthogonality with sin^2(theta_W)= 0.25 in leading order. Experimental results for photon-photon fusion into charm-anticharm and bottom-antibottom pairs provide further support for assigning integer electric charges to quarks.

Martin A. Faessler

2013-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

344

Comment on `On the next-to-leading order gravitational spin(1)-spin(2) dynamics' by J. Steinhoff et al  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this comment we explain the discrepancy found between the results in arXiv:0712.1716v1 for the 3PN spin-spin potential and those previously derived in gr-qc/0604099. We point out that to compare one must include sub-leading lower order spin-orbit effects which contribute to the spin-spin potential once one transforms to the PN frame. When these effects are included the results in arXiv:0712.1716v1 do indeed reproduce those found in gr-qc/0604099.

Rafael A. Porto; Ira Z. Rothstein

2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

345

Spinning Spur Wind Ranch | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spur Wind Ranch Spur Wind Ranch Jump to: navigation, search Name Spinning Spur Wind Ranch Facility Spinning Spur Wind Ranch Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner enXco Developer Cielo Energy Purchaser Xcel Energy Location Vega TX Coordinates 35.28707069°, -102.3208666° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":35.28707069,"lon":-102.3208666,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

Coherent spin control by electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations  

SciTech Connect

In coherent control, electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations usually cause coherence loss through irreversible spontaneous emission. However, since the dissipation via emission is essentially due to correlation of the fluctuations, when emission ends in a superposition of multiple final states, correlation between different pathways may build up if the 'which way' information is not fully resolved (i.e., the emission spectrum is broader than the transition energy range). Such correlation can be exploited for spin-flip control in a {Lambda}-type three-level system, which manifests itself as an all-optical spin echo in nonlinear optics with two orders of optical fields saved as compared with stimulated Raman processes. This finding represents a class of optical nonlinearity induced by electromagnetic vacuum fluctuations.

Wang Jing [Department of Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T. (Hong Kong); Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Liu Renbao [Department of Physics, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T. (Hong Kong); Zhu Bangfen [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Institute of Advanced Study, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Sham, L. J. [Department of Physics, University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0319 (United States); Steel, D. G. [H. M. Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Local quantum control of Heisenberg spin chains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Motivated by some recent results of quantum control theory, we discuss the feasibility of local operator control in arrays of interacting qubits modeled as isotropic Heisenberg spin chains. Acting on one of the end spins, we aim at finding piecewise-constant control pulses that lead to optimal fidelities for a chosen set of quantum gates. We analyze the robustness of the obtained results for the gate fidelities to random errors in the control fields, finding that with faster switching between piecewise-constant controls the system is less susceptible to these errors. The observed behavior falls into a generic class of physical phenomena that are related to a competition between resonance- and relaxation-type behavior, exemplified by motional narrowing in NMR experiments. Finally, we discuss how the obtained optimal gate fidelities are altered when the corresponding rapidly varying piecewise-constant control fields are smoothened through spectral filtering.

Heule, Rahel; Bruder, C.; Stojanovic, Vladimir M. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland); Burgarth, Daniel [Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Imperial College London SW7 2PG (United Kingdom); QOLS, The Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BW (United Kingdom)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

348

Spin-polaron theory of high-{Tc} superconductivity: I, spin polarons and high-{Tc} pairing  

SciTech Connect

The concept of a spin polaron is introduced and contrasted with the more familiar ionic polaron picture. A brief review of aspects of ionic bipolaronic superconductivity is given with particular emphasis on the real-space pairing and true Bose condensation characteristics. The formation energy of spin polarons is then calculated in analogy with ionic polarons. The spin-flip energy of a Cu spin in an antiferromagnetically aligned CuO{sub 2} plane is discussed. It is shown that the introduction of holes into the CuO{sub 2} planes will always lead to the destruction of long-range AF ordering due to the formation of spin polarons. The pairing of two spin polarons can be expected because of the reestablishment of local (short-range) AF ordering; the magnitude of the pairing energy is estimated using a simplified model. The paper closes with a brief discussion of the formal theory of spin polarons.

Wood, R.F.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Universal phase structure of dilute Bose gases with Rashba spin-orbit coupling  

SciTech Connect

A Bose gas subject to a light-induced Rashba spin-orbit coupling possesses a dispersion minimum on a circle in momentum space; we show that kinematic constraints due to this dispersion cause interactions to renormalize to universal, angle-dependent values that govern the phase structure in the dilute-gas limit. We find that, regardless of microscopic interactions, (a) the ground state involves condensation at two opposite momenta and is, in finite systems, a fragmented condensate and and (b) there is a nonzero-temperature instability toward the condensation of pairs of bosons. We discuss how our results can be reconciled with the qualitatively different mean-field phase diagram, which is appropriate for dense gases.

Gopalakrishnan, Sarang [Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Lamacraft, Austen [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 (United States); Goldbart, Paul M. [School of Physics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Finding Magic Wavelengths  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... adds to our toolbox of precision atomic physics techniques.". ... The Joint Quantum Institute is ... and participation of the Laboratory for Physical Sciences. ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

351

PRINCIPLE OF GLOBAL DECOUPLING WITH COUPLING ANGLE MODULATION.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The global betatron decoupling on the ramp is an important issue for the operation of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). A new scheme, coupling angle modulation, was found. By modulating two orthogonal skew quadrupole families, an extra rotating coupling is introduced into the coupled machine. The skew quadrupole modulation frequency is about 0.2Hz for the RHIC ramp, and 0.5Hz at injection and store. The eigentune changes are tracked with a high resolution phase lock loop (PLL) tune measurement system. The global coupling correction strengths are determined by the modulation skew quadrupole strengths at the minimum eigentune split multiplied by a factor k. k is determined by the uncoupled eigentune split and the maximum and the minimum tune split during the skew quadrupole modulation. This decoupling scheme is fast and robust. It had been verified at the RHIC and has been applied for the RHIC global decoupling on the ramp. In this article, the principle of the coupling angle modulation is presented in detail. Simulation results are also shown.

LUO, Y.; PILAT, F.; PEGGS, S.; TRBOJEVIC, D.; ROSER, T.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

352

Electron bunch injection at an angle into a laser wakefield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

External injection of electron bunches longer than the plasma wavelength in a laser wakefield accelerator can lead to the generation of femtosecond ultrarelativistic bunches with a couple of percent energy spread. Extensive study has been done on external electron bunch (e.g. one generated by a photo-cathode rf linac) injection in a laser wakefield for different configurations. In this paper we investigate a new way of external injection where the electron bunch is injected at a small angle into the wakefield. This way one can avoid the ponderomotive scattering as well as the vacuum-plasma transition region, which tend to destroy the injected bunch. In our simulations, the effect of the laser pulse dynamics is also taken into account. It is shown that injection at an angle can provide compressed and accelerated electron bunches with less than 2% energy spread. Another advantage of this scheme is that it has less stringent requirements in terms of the size of the injected bunch and there is the potential to tr...

Luttikhof, M J H; Van Goor, F A; Boller, K -J

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Structure of Low-Energy Collective $0^{-}$-States in Doubly Magic Nuclei and Matrix Elements of the P-odd and P- and T-odd Weak Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The structure of the collective low-energy $J^{\\pi}=0^{-}$ (T=0 and T=1) modes is studied for a doubly magic nucleus in a schematic analytic model of RPA. The $0^{-}$ phonon states ($T= 0,1$) lie at energies $E_{T=0}(0^{-}) \\alt \\omega$ and $E_{T=1}(0^{-}) > \\omega$, where $\\omega$ is the oscillator frequency. The matrix elements of P-odd and P- and T-odd weak one-body potentials connecting the ground state to these $0^{-}$-states, $W_{coll}$, are enhanced by the factor $\\sim 2 (\\frac{\\omega}{E})^{1/2}A^{1/3} \\sim 10$ as compared to the single-particle value $w_{sp}$ what can result in values $|W_{coll}| \\sim 20-30 eV$ if standard values of DDH parameters are used for $w_{sp}$. Similar enhancement arises in the P- and T-odd case.

O. K. Vorov; N. Auerbach; V. V. Flambaum

1996-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

354

ERROR ESTIMATES FOR FINITE DIFFERENCE METHODS FOR A WIDE-ANGLE `PARABOLIC' EQUATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERROR ESTIMATES FOR FINITE DIFFERENCE METHODS FOR A WIDE-ANGLE `PARABOLIC' EQUATION G. D. AKRIVIS-value problem for a third-order p.d.e., a wide-angle `parabolic' equation frequently used in underwater. wide-angle `parabolic' equation, Underwater Acoustics, finite difference error esti- mates, interface

Akrivis, Georgios

355

Rotation Angle for the Optimum Tracking of One-Axis Trackers  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An equation for the rotation angle for optimum tracking of one-axis trackers is derived along with equations giving the relationships between the rotation angle and the surface tilt and azimuth angles. These equations are useful for improved modeling of the solar radiation available to a collector with tracking constraints and for determining the appropriate motor revolutions for optimum tracking.

Marion, W. F.; Dobos, A. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Emergence of new magic numbers N = 16 and 34 through tensor interaction in Skyrme Hartree Fock theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Melting of N=20 shell and development of N = 16 and N = 34 shells for neutron-rich nuclei have been studied extensively through inclusion of tensor interaction in Skyrme Hartree Fock theory optimized to reproduce the splitting neutron 1f states of 40, 48Ca and 56Ni nuclei. Evolution of gap generated by the energy difference of single particle levels neutron 2s1/2 and neutron 1d3/2 state has been found to be responsible for the development of a shell closure at N = 16. The splitting pattern of spin-orbit partners 2p shell model state in Ca, Ti, Cr, Fe and Ni isotopes indicates formation of a new shell at N = 34 region.

Rupayan Bhattacharya

2013-10-16T23:59:59.000Z

357

Thermodynamic Equilibrium-Driven Formation of Single-Sized Nanocrystals: Reaction Media Tuning CdSe Magic-Sized versus Regular Quantum Dots  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A concept for the fundamental science of nanoparticle synthesis, thermodynamic equilibrium-driven formation of colloidal single-sized nanoparticle ensembles, is proposed and demonstrated in this manuscript, which addresses the controlled formation of CdSe magic-sized and regular quantum dots (MSQDs and RQDs). During formation, the former are magic-sized nuclei without further growth in size, while the latter experience nucleation and growth. Both MSQDs and RQDs exhibit bandgap emission, while the former have homogeneous spectra broadening only and the latter both homogeneous and inhomogeneous spectra broadening. The former are single-sized and the latter have size distribution. With continuous and homogeneous nucleation, the thermodynamically driven formation of MSQDs was realized via our one-pot noninjection approach, which features highly synthetic reproducibility and large-scale capability. With the proper tuning of the synthetic parameters, such as the nature of the reaction medium, that affect the thermodynamic equilibria, various CdSe MSQDs and RQDs were synthesized discriminately under otherwise identical synthetic formulation and reaction conditions; the reaction media were noncoordinating 1-octadecene, coordinating trioctylphosphine, and mixtures of the two. The nature of Cd precursors, affected also by the reaction media, plays a major role in the formation of MSQDs versus RQDs. The present investigation on the thermodynamically driven formation of CdSe single-sized nanoparticles via tuning of the reaction medium, mainly, brings novel insights into the formation mechanism and into the surface ligands of the resulting colloidal nanocrystals. More importantly, the present study provides novel experimental design and approaches to single-sized nanoparticles desired for various applications.

Yu, Kui [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Wang, Ruibing [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Le Piolet, Mickael [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Frotey, Marion [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Zaman, Md. Badruz [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Wu, Xiaohua [IMS, NRC of Canada; Leek, Donald M. [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Tao, Ye [IMS, NRC of Canada; Wilkinson, Diana [SIMS, NRC of Canada; Li, Chunsheng [National Research Council of Canada

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlling the interaction of a single quantum system with its environment is a fundamental challenge in quantum science and technology. We dramatically suppress the coupling of a single spin in diamond with the surrounding spin bath by using double-axis dynamical decoupling. The coherence is preserved for arbitrary quantum states, as verified by quantum process tomography. The resulting coherence time enhancement is found to follow a general scaling with the number of decoupling pulses. No limit is observed for the decoupling action up to 136 pulses, for which the coherence time is enhanced more than 25 times compared to spin echo. These results uncover a new regime for experimental quantum science and allow to overcome a major hurdle for implementing quantum information protocols.

de Lange, G; Ristè, D; Dobrovitski, V V; Hanson, R

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Universal dynamical decoupling of a single solid-state spin from a spin bath  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Controlling the interaction of a single quantum system with its environment is a fundamental challenge in quantum science and technology. We dramatically suppress the coupling of a single spin in diamond with the surrounding spin bath by using double-axis dynamical decoupling. The coherence is preserved for arbitrary quantum states, as verified by quantum process tomography. The resulting coherence time enhancement is found to follow a general scaling with the number of decoupling pulses. No limit is observed for the decoupling action up to 136 pulses, for which the coherence time is enhanced more than 25 times compared to spin echo. These results uncover a new regime for experimental quantum science and allow to overcome a major hurdle for implementing quantum information protocols.

G. de Lange; Z. H. Wang; D. Ristè; V. V. Dobrovitski; R. Hanson

2010-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

360

Low energy spin dynamics in the spin ice, Ho2Sn2O7  

SciTech Connect

The magnetic properties of Ho{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} have been investigated and compared to other spin ice compounds. Although the lattice has expanded by 3% relative to the better studied Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} spin ice, no significant changes were observed in the high temperature properties, T {approx}> 20 K. As the temperature is lowered and correlations develop, Ho{sub 2}Sn{sub 2}O{sub 7} enters its quantum phase at a slightly higher temperature than Ho{sub 2}Ti{sub 2}O{sub 7} and is more antiferromagnetic in character. Below 80 K a weak inelastic mode associated with the holmium nuclear spin system has been measured. The hyperfine field at the holmium nucleus was found to be {approx}700 T.

Ehlers, Georg [ORNL; Huq, Ashfia [ORNL; Diallo, Souleymane Omar [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Adriano, Cris [ORNL; Rule, K [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin; Cornelius, A. L. [University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Fouquet, Peter [Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL); Pagliuso, P G [Instituto de Fisica Gleb Wataghin, Unicamp, Brazil; Gardner, Jason [Indiana University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Top quark spin correlations and polarization at the LHC: standard model predictions and effects of anomalous top chromo moments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A number of top-spin observables are computed within the Standard Model (SM), at next-to-leading order in the strong and weak gauge couplings for hadronic top-quark anti-quark (ttbar) production and decay at the LHC for center-of-mass energies 7 and 8 TeV. For dileptonic final states we consider the azimuthal angle correlation, the helicity correlation, and the opening angle distribution; for lepton plus jets final states we determine distributions and asymmetries that trace a longitudinal and transverse polarization, respectively, of the t and t-bar samples. The QCD-induced transverse polarization of the top quarks leads to an asymmetry of about 8 percent that should be detectable with existing data. In addition, we investigate the effects of a non-zero chromo-magnetic and chromo-electric dipole moment of the top quark on these and other top-spin observables and associated asymmetries. These observables allow to disentangle the contributions from the real and imaginary parts of these moments.

Werner Bernreuther; Zong-Guo Si

2013-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

362

IR OPTICS MEASUREMENT WITH LINEAR COUPLING'S ACTION-ANGLE PARAMETERIZATION.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A parameterization of linear coupling in action-angle coordinates is convenient for analytical calculations and interpretation of turn-by-turn (TBT) beam position monitor (BPM) data. We demonstrate how to use this parameterization to extract the twiss and coupling parameters in interaction regions (IRs), using BPMs on each side of the long IR drift region. The example of TBT BPM analysis was acquired at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), using an AC dipole to excite a single eigenmode. Besides the full treatment, a fast estimate of beta*, the beta function at the interaction point (IP), is provided, along with the phase advance between these BPMs. We also calculate and measure the waist of the beta function and the local optics.

LUO, Y.; BAI, M.; PILAT, R.; SATOGATA, T.; TRBOJEVIC, D.

2005-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

363

Mixed-Spin Pairing Condensates in Heavy Nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations for nuclear ground-state wave functions support solutions in which the condensate has a mixture of spin-singlet and spin-triplet pairing. We find that such mixed-spin condensates do not occur when there are equal numbers of neutrons and protons, but only when there is an isospin imbalance. Using a phenomenological Hamiltonian, we predict that such nuclei may occur in the physical region within the proton dripline. We also solve the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations with variable constraints on the spin-singlet and spin-triplet pairing amplitudes. For nuclei that exhibit this new pairing behavior, the resulting energy surface can be rather soft, suggesting that there may be low-lying excitations associated with the spin mixing.

Gezerlis, Alexandros; Luo, Y. L. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States); Bertsch, G. F. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States); Institute for Nuclear Theory, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195-1560 (United States)

2011-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

364

Coherence of an optically illuminated single nuclear spin qubit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the coherence properties of individual nuclear spin quantum bits in diamond [Dutt et al., Science, 316, 1312 (2007)] when a proximal electronic spin associated with a nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center is being interrogated by optical radiation. The resulting nuclear spin dynamics are governed by time-dependent hyperfine interaction associated with rapid electronic transitions, which can be described by a spin-fluctuator model. We show that due to a process analogous to motional averaging in nuclear magnetic resonance, the nuclear spin coherence can be preserved after a large number of optical excitation cycles. Our theoretical analysis is in good agreement with experimental results. It indicates a novel approach that could potentially isolate the nuclear spin system completely from the electronic environment.

Liang Jiang; M. V. Gurudev Dutt; Emre Togan; Lily Childress; Paola Cappellaro; Jacob M. Taylor; Mikhail D. Lukin

2007-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

365

Universal quantum computation with ordered spin-chain networks  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that anisotropic spin chains with gapped bulk excitations and magnetically ordered ground states offer a promising platform for quantum computation, which bridges the conventional single-spin-based qubit concept with recently developed topological Majorana-based proposals. We show how to realize the single-qubit Hadamard, phase, and {pi}/8 gates as well as the two-qubit controlled-not (cnot) gate, which together form a fault-tolerant universal set of quantum gates. The gates are implemented by judiciously controlling Ising exchange and magnetic fields along a network of spin chains, with each individual qubit furnished by a spin-chain segment. A subset of single-qubit operations is geometric in nature, relying on control of anisotropy of spin interactions rather than their strength. We contrast topological aspects of the anisotropic spin-chain networks to those of p-wave superconducting wires discussed in the literature.

Tserkovnyak, Yaroslav [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Loss, Daniel [Department of Physics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 82, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

366

The ground state of the Kondo model with large spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we prove that the ground state of the Kondo model with large spin is nondegenerate, apart from a SU(2) spin degeneracy in the case of half filling. The ground state spin is found for the system, and the energy level orderings are discussed. Finally, the existence of ferrimagnetism in some cases is proved. PACS numbers: 75.10.Lp 75.30.Mb, 75.50.Gg The Kondo models, or single and lattice impurity models, are one of the most challenging subjects in strongly correlated systems 1–3. Recent developments of reflection positivity technique in the spin space make it possible to establish some rigorous results for the half-filled strongly correlated electron systems 4–9. Theory of reflection positivity in the spin space for the single- and multi-channel Kondo models with spin 1/2 was developed recently and a series of rigorous results on the ground state properties were proved 8,9. However some materials are described by the Kondo models with large spin, such as (La1?xXx)MnO3 with X = Ba, Ca, Sr etc. and the localised spin s = 3/2 10. Due to more degrees of freedom in the case of large spin than in the case of spin 1/2, usually it is very hard to extract rigorous results for those systems. As a generalisation of the theory for the Kondo model with spin 1/2, we will investigate the Kondo model with large spin and provide some rigorous results on the ground state of the Kondo model in the case of half filling. Let us first write down the Hamiltonian we will investigate:

Shun-qing Shen; Jisi Sci; Kijsi Sj

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Emergence of the Persistent Spin Helix in Semiconductor Quantum Wells  

SciTech Connect

According to Noether's theorem, for every symmetry in nature there is a corresponding conservation law. For example, invariance with respect to spatial translation corresponds to conservation of momentum. In another well-known example, invariance with respect to rotation of the electron's spin, or SU(2) symmetry, leads to conservation of spin polarization. For electrons in a solid, this symmetry is ordinarily broken by spin-orbit (SO) coupling, allowing spin angular momentum to flow to orbital angular momentum. However, it has recently been predicted that SU(2) can be recovered in a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG), despite the presence of SO coupling. The corresponding conserved quantities include the amplitude and phase of a helical spin density wave termed the 'persistent spin helix' (PSH). SU(2) is restored, in principle, when the strength of two dominant SO interactions, the Rashba ({alpha}) and linear Dresselhaus ({beta}{sub 1}), are equal. This symmetry is predicted to be robust against all forms of spin-independent scattering, including electron-electron interactions, but is broken by the cubic Dresselhaus term ({beta}{sub 3}) and spin-dependent scattering. When these terms are negligible, the distance over which spin information can propagate is predicted to diverge as {alpha} {yields} {beta}{sub 1}. Here we observe experimentally the emergence of the PSH in GaAs quantum wells (QW's) by independently tuning {alpha} and {beta}{sub 1}. Using transient spin-grating spectroscopy (TSG), we find a spin-lifetime enhancement of two orders of magnitude near the symmetry point. Excellent quantitative agreement with theory across a wide range of sample parameters allows us to obtain an absolute measure of all relevant SO terms, identifying {beta}{sub 3} as the main SU(2) violating term in our samples. The tunable suppression of spin-relaxation demonstrated in this work is well-suited for application to spintronics.

Koralek, Jake; Weber, Chris; Orenstein, Joe; Bernevig, Andrei; Zhang, Shoucheng; Mack, Shawn; Awschalom, David

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

368

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

369

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

370

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

371

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of impaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

372

Spin microscope based on optically detected magnetic resonance  

SciTech Connect

The invention relates to scanning magnetic microscope which has a photoluminescent nanoprobe implanted in the tip apex of an atomic force microscope (AFM), a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) or a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) and exhibits optically detected magnetic resonance (ODMR) in the vicinity of unpaired electron spins or nuclear magnetic moments in the sample material. The described spin microscope has demonstrated nanoscale lateral resolution and single spin sensitivity for the AFM and STM embodiments.

Berman, Gennady P. (Los Alamos, NM); Chernobrod, Boris M. (Los Alamos, NM)

2007-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

373

Spin-isospin resonances with relativistic RPA approaches  

SciTech Connect

The relativistic RPA approaches are applied to calculate the charge-exchange spin flip resonances. Comparing the RPA calculations based on the relativistic Hartree and relativistic Hartree-Fock theories, the different physical mechanisms in determining the Gamow-Teller resonance are investigated. Then, the theoretical descriptions of spin-dipole and spin-quadrupole resonances are presented. In particular, the energy hierarchies of different components in these resonances are focused on.

Meng Jie [School of Physics and Nuclear Energy, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); State Key Lab Nucl. Phys. and Tech., School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Liang Haozhao [State Key Lab Nucl. Phys. and Tech., School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Institut de Physique Nucleaire, IN2P3-CNRS and Universite Paris-Sud, 91406 Orsay (France); Nguyen Van Giai [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, IN2P3-CNRS and Universite Paris-Sud, 91406 Orsay (France)

2010-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

374

Ferrimagnetic Spin Wave Resonance and Superconductivity in Carbon Nanotubes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of ferrimagnetic spin wave resonance [uncompensated antiferromagnetic spin wave resonance] has been detected for the first time. It has been observed in carbon nanotubes, produced by high energy ion beam modification of diamond single crystals in $\\ $ direction. Peculiarities of spin wave resonance observed allow to insist on the formation in given nanotubes of $s^+$ superconductivity at room temperature, coexisting with uncompensated antiferromagnetic ordering.

Dmitri Yerchuck; Yauhen Yerchak; Vyacheslav Stelmakh; Alla Dovlatova; Andrey Alexandrov

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

375

EXOPLANETARY SPIN-ORBIT ALIGNMENT: RESULTS FROM THE ENSEMBLE OF ROSSITER-MCLAUGHLIN OBSERVATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One possible diagnostic of planet formation, orbital migration, and tidal evolution is the angle {psi} between a planet's orbital axis and the spin axis of its parent star. In general, {psi} cannot be measured, but for transiting planets one can measure the angle {lambda} between the sky projections of the two axes via the Rossiter-McLaughlin effect. Here, we show how to combine measurements of {lambda} in different systems to derive statistical constraints on {psi}. We apply the method to 11 published measurements of {lambda}, using two different single-parameter distributions to describe the ensemble. First, assuming a Rayleigh distribution (or more precisely, a Fisher distribution on a sphere), we find that the peak value is less than 22{sup 0} with 95% confidence. Second, assuming that a fraction f of the orbits have random orientations relative to the stars, and the remaining fraction (1 - f) are perfectly aligned, we find f < 0.36 with 95% confidence. This latter model fits the data better than the Rayleigh distribution, mainly because the XO-3 system was found to be strongly misaligned while the other 10 systems are consistent with perfect alignment. If the XO-3 result proves robust, then our results may be interpreted as evidence for two distinct modes of planet migration.

Fabrycky, Daniel C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., MS-51, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Winn, Joshua N. [Department of Physics, and Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)], E-mail: daniel.fabrycky@gmail.com

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

376

General Atomics (GA) Fusion News: A New Spin on Understanding...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Atomics (GA) Fusion News: A New Spin on Understanding Plasma Confinement American Fusion News Category: General Atomics (GA) Link: General Atomics (GA) Fusion News: A New...

377

Spin Injection Across a Heterojunction: A Ballistic Picture  

SciTech Connect

Spin injection across heterojunctions plays a decisive role in the new field of spintronics. Within the ballistic transport regime, we state a general expression for the spin-injection rate in a heterojunction made of two ballistic electrodes. Both the spin-orbit interaction and interface scattering effect are taken into account. Our model is consistent with the well-documented results of ferromagnetic-metal junctions. It explains the recent experimental results of a dilute-magnetic-semiconductor/semiconductor junction and predicts solutions to enhance the spin-injection rate across a ferromagnetic-semiconductor junction.

Hu, C.-M.; Matsuyama, T.

2001-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

378

Maxwell Equation for the Coupled Spin-Charge Wave Propagation  

SciTech Connect

We show that the dissipationless spin current in the ground state of the Rashba model gives rise to a reactive coupling between the spin and charge propagation, which is formally identical to the coupling between the electric and the magnetic fields in the 2 + 1 dimensional Maxwell equation. This analogy leads to a remarkable prediction that a density packet can spontaneously split into two counter propagation packets, each carrying the opposite spins. In a certain parameter regime, the coupled spin and charge wave propagates like a transverse 'photon'. We propose both optical and purely electronic experiments to detect this effect.

Bernevig, B.Andrei; Yu, Xiaowei; Zhang, Shou-Cheng; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

379

Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets | Argonne National Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

but also the spin of electrons. This approach is known within scientific circles as "spintronics." One of the significant hurdles to future spintronic devices is finding ways to...

380

Observation and implications of magnetic domains in lateral spin valves  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Co/Cu/Co lateral spin valves (LSV), with Co being the topmost layer, are in situ prepared and measured under ultrahigh vacuum conditions. The clean process yields a non-local spin signal of 0.9 m{Omega}. Scanning electron microscopy with polarization analysis (SEMPA) reveals domain structures in both magnetic electrodes that depend on the LSV dimensions. The spin signal correlates to SEMPA images as well as the anisotropic magnetoresistance of both Co magnets, revealing a strong impact of multi-domain states on the spin signal.

Mennig, J.; Matthes, F.; Buergler, D. E.; Schneider, C. M. [Peter Gruenberg Institute, Electronic Properties (PGI-6) and Juelich-Aachen Research Alliance, Fundamentals of Future Information Technology (JARA-FIT), Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH, Juelich D-52425 (Germany)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Reversible mechanism for spin crossover in transition-metal cyanides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the mechanisms for reversible and repeatable spin transition in a Prussian blue analog crystal, KCo[Fe(CN)[subscript 6

Kabir, Mohammad Mukul

382

Spin and Charge Degrees of Freedom in the Copper Oxide ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Spin and Charge Degrees of Freedom in the Copper Oxide Superconductor La 2-x Ba x CuO 4. Sarah Dunsiger, McMaster University. ...

383

JQI Physicists Demonstrate Coveted Spin-Orbit Coupling for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... on the atoms so as to change the relationship between the atom's energy and its ... They turned up the intensity of their lasers, and atoms of one spin ...

2013-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

384

The Heisenberg XX spin chain and low-energy QCD  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By using random matrix models we uncover a connection between the low energy sector of four dimensional QCD at finite volume and the Heisenberg XX model in a 1d spin chain. This connection allows to relate crucial properties of QCD with physically meaningful properties of the spin chain, establishing a dictionary between both worlds. We predict for the spin chain a third-order phase transition and a Tracy-Widom law in the transition region. We postulate that this dictionary goes beyond the particular example analyzed here and can be applied to other QFT and spin chain models.

David Pérez-García; Miguel Tierz

2013-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

385

ARPES Provides Direct Evidence of Spin-Wave Coupling  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

band corresponding to the noninteracting case (no spin-wave coupling) was obtained by parabolic interpolation between the lowest data points and the Fermi-level crossing, making...

386

Single-shot readout of an electron spin in silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The size of silicon transistors used in microelectronic devices is shrinking to the level where quantum effects become important. While this presents a significant challenge for the further scaling of microprocessors, it provides the potential for radical innovations in the form of spin-based quantum computers and spintronic devices. An electron spin in Si can represent a well-isolated quantum bit with long coherence times because of the weak spin-orbit coupling and the possibility to eliminate nuclear spins from the bulk crystal. However, the control of single electrons in Si has proved challenging, and has so far hindered the observation and manipulation of a single spin. Here we report the first demonstration of single-shot, time-resolved readout of an electron spin in Si. This has been performed in a device consisting of implanted phosphorus donors coupled to a metal-oxide-semiconductor single-electron transistor - compatible with current microelectronic technology. We observed a spin lifetime approaching 1 second at magnetic fields below 2 T, and achieved spin readout fidelity better than 90%. High-fidelity single-shot spin readout in Si opens the path to the development of a new generation of quantum computing and spintronic devices, built using the most important material in the semiconductor industry.

Andrea Morello; Jarryd J. Pla; Floris A. Zwanenburg; Kok W. Chan; Hans Huebl; Mikko Mottonen; Christopher D. Nugroho; Changyi Yang; Jessica A. van Donkelaar; Andrew D. C. Alves; David N. Jamieson; Christopher C. Escott; Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg; Robert G. Clark; Andrew S. Dzurak

2010-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

387

Manipulation of Non-classical Atomic Spin States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report successful manipulation of non-classical atomic spin states. We generate squeezed spin states by a spin quantum nondemolition measurement, and apply an off-resonant circularly-polarized light pulse to the atoms. By changing the pulse duration, we have clearly observed a rotation of anisotropic quantum noise distribution in good contrast with the case of manipulation of a coherent spin state where the quantum noise distribution is always isotropic. This is an important step for quantum state tomography, quantum swapping, and precision spectroscopic measurement.

Tetsushi Takano; Shin-Ichi-Ro Tanaka; Ryo Namiki; Yoshiro Takahashi

2009-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

388

Angular momentum transfer between a circularly polarized photon and an electron spin in double quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

We propose an experimental scheme of photon-spin quantum interface using a semiconductor double quantum dot. A polarized electron spin is excited by a circularly polarized photon. We detect the spin state applying Pauli spin blockade which is often employed to detect orientation of a single electron spin in double quantum dots.

Asayama, T. [Department of Applied Physics and QPEC, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Solid State Memories Development Dept, Sony Corporation, Atsugi, Kanagawa (Japan); Fujita, T.; Kiyama, H.; Oiwa, A. [Department of Applied Physics and QPEC, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Tarucha, S. [Department of Applied Physics and QPEC, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo (Japan); Institute for Nano Quantum Electronics, University of Tokyo, 4-6-1, Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo (Japan)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

389

Random walk approach to spin dynamics in a two-dimensional electron gas with spin-orbit coupling  

SciTech Connect

We introduce and solve a semiclassical random walk (RW) model that describes the dynamics of spin polarization waves in zinc-blende semiconductor quantum wells. We derive the dispersion relations for these waves, including the Rashba, linear and cubic Dresselhaus spin-orbit interactions, as well as the effects of an electric field applied parallel to the spin polarization wave vector. In agreement with calculations based on quantum kinetic theory [P. Kleinert and V. V. Bryksin, Phys. Rev. B 76, 205326 (2007)], the RW approach predicts that spin waves acquire a phase velocity in the presence of the field that crosses zero at a nonzero wave vector, q{sub 0}. In addition, we show that the spin-wave decay rate is independent of field at q{sub 0} but increases as (q-q{sub 0}){sup 2} for q {ne} q{sub 0}. These predictions can be tested experimentally by suitable transient spin grating experiments.

Yang, Luyi; Orenstein, J.; Lee, Dung-Hai

2010-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

390

Spin tracking study of the AGS  

SciTech Connect

In the recent polarized proton runs in the AGS, a 5% partial snake was used successfully to overcome the imperfection depolarizing resonances. Although some depolarization at intrinsic resonances are expected, the level of the depolarization does not agree with a simple model calculation. A spin tracking program is then used to simulate the real polarized proton beam in the AGS. The results show that, due to the linear coupling introduced by a solenoidal 5% partial snake, the polarized beam will be partially depolarized also at the so-called coupling resonance, which is related to the horizontal betatron tune. The synchrotron oscillation also affects the beam polarization to a smaller extent.

Huang, H.; Roser, T.; Luccio, A.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Interaction-Flip Identities in Spin Glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the properties of fluctuation for the free energies and internal energies of two spin glass systems that differ for having some set of interactions flipped. We show that their difference has a variance that grows like the volume of the flipped region. Using a new interpolation method, which extends to the entire circle the standard interpolation technique, we show by integration by parts that the bound imply new overlap identities for the equilibrium state. As a side result the case of the non-interacting random field is analyzed and the triviality of its overlap distribution proved.

Pierluigi Contucci; Cristian Giardina; Claudio Giberti

2008-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

Time-optimal Control of Spin Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper discusses various aspects of time-optimal control of quantum spin systems, modelled as right-invariant systems on a compact Lie group G. The main results are the reduction of such a system to an equivalent system on a homogeneous space G/H, and the explicit determination of optimal trajectories on G/H in the case where G/H is a Riemannian symmetric space. These results are mainly obtained by using methods from Lie theory and geometric control.

Jan Swoboda

2006-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

393

Experimental study of isovector spin sum rules  

SciTech Connect

We present the Bjorken integral extracted from Jefferson Lab experiment EG1b for $0.05<2.92$ GeV$^2$. The integral is fit to extract the twist-4 element $f_{2}^{p-n}$ which is large and negative. Systematic studies of this higher twist analysis establish its legitimacy at $Q^{2}$ around 1 GeV$^{2}$. We also extracted the isovector part of the generalized forward spin polarizability $\\gamma_{0}$. Although this quantity provides a robust test of Chiral Perturbation Theory, our data disagree with the calculations.

Alexandre Deur; Peter Bosted; Volker Burkert; Donald Crabb; Kahanawita Dharmawardane; Gail Dodge; Tony Forest; Keith Griffioen; Sebastian Kuhn; Ralph Minehart; Yelena Prok

2008-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

394

Transverse Spin Effects in SIDIS at COMPASS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The measurement of single spin asymmetries in semi?inclusive deep?inelastic scattering (SIDIS) on a transversely polarized target is an important part of the COMPASS physics program. It allows us to investigate the transversity distribution functions as well as transverse momentum dependent distribution functions by measuring azimuthal asymmetries in the hadron production. After COMPASS took data in the years 2002–2004 by scattering a 160 GeV/c muon beam off a transversely polarized deuteron ( 6 LiD ) target

Rainer Joosten; on behalf of the COMPASS collaboration

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Spinning reserve in Puerto Rico doesn`t spin. It`s a battery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A battery energy-storage facility is described which provides Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority 20 MW and 14.1 MWh for frequency control and instantaneous spinning reserve. A self-commuted power-conditioning system also enables black starts and provides reactive power for voltage control on transmission lines. 7 figs.

Taylor, P. [Energetics Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Torres, W. [Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (Puerto Rico); Akhil, A. [Sandia National Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Realizing a lattice spin model with polar molecules  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the recent production of polar molecules in the quantum regime, long-range dipolar interactions are expected to facilitate the understanding of strongly interacting many-body quantum systems and to realize lattice spin models for exploring quantum magnetism. In atomic systems, where interactions require wave function overlap, effective spin interactions on a lattice can be realized via superexchange; however, the coupling is weak and limited to nearest-neighbor interactions. In contrast, dipolar interactions exist in the absence of tunneling and extend beyond nearest neighbors. This allows coherent spin dynamics to persist even at high entropy and low lattice filling. Effects of dipolar interactions in ultracold molecular gases have so far been limited to the modification of chemical reactions. We now report the observation of dipolar interactions of polar molecules pinned in a 3D optical lattice. We realize a lattice spin model with spin encoded in rotational states, prepared and probed by microwaves. This spin-exchange interaction arises from the resonant exchange of rotational angular momentum between two molecules. We observe clear oscillations in the evolution of the spin coherence in addition to an overall decay. The frequency of these oscillations, the strong dependence of the spin coherence time on the lattice filling, and the effect of a multi-pulse sequence designed to reverse dynamics due to two-body exchange interactions all provide evidence of dipolar interactions. We also demonstrate suppression of loss in weak lattices due to a quantum Zeno mechanism. Measurements of these tunneling-induced losses allow us to independently determine the lattice filling factor. These results comprise an initial exploration of the behavior of many-body spin models with direct, long-range spin interactions and lay the groundwork for future studies of many-body dynamics in spin lattices.

Bo Yan; Steven A. Moses; Bryce Gadway; Jacob P. Covey; Kaden R. A. Hazzard; Ana Maria Rey; Deborah S. Jin; Jun Ye

2013-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

397

Spin Modes in Nuclei and Nuclear Forces  

SciTech Connect

Spin modes in stable and unstable exotic nuclei are studied and important roles of tensor and three-body forces on nuclear structure are discussed. New shell model Hamiltonians, which have proper tensor components, are shown to explain shell evolutions toward drip-lines and spin properties of both stable and exotic nuclei, for example, Gamow-Teller transitions in {sup 12}C and {sup 14}C and an anomalous M1 transition in {sup 17}C. The importance and the necessity of the repulsive monopole corrections in isospin T = 1 channel to the microscopic two-body interactions are pointed out. The corrections are shown to lead to the proper shell evolutions in neutron-rich isotopes. The three-body force, in particular the Fujita-Miyazawa force induced by {Delta} excitations, is pointed out to be responsible for the repulsive corrections among the valence neutrons. The important roles of the three-body force on the energies and transitions in exotic oxygen and calcium isotopes are demonstrated.

Suzuki, Toshio [Department of Physics and Graduate School of Integrated Basic Sciences, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Sakurajosui 3-25-40, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8550 (Japan) and Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama, 351-0198 (Japan); Otsuka, Takaharu [Department of Physics and Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

398

Controlling the quantum dynamics of a mesoscopic spin bath in diamond  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding and mitigating decoherence is a key challenge for quantum science and technology. The main source of decoherence for solid-state spin systems is the uncontrolled spin bath environment. Here, we demonstrate quantum control of a mesoscopic spin bath in diamond at room temperature that is composed of electron spins of substitutional nitrogen impurities. The resulting spin bath dynamics are probed using a single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centre electron spin as a magnetic field sensor. We exploit the spin bath control to dynamically suppress dephasing of the NV spin by the spin bath. Furthermore, by combining spin bath control with dynamical decoupling, we directly measure the coherence and temporal correlations of different groups of bath spins. These results uncover a new arena for fundamental studies on decoherence and enable novel avenues for spin-based magnetometry and quantum information processing.

G. de Lange; T. van der Sar; M. S. Blok; Z. H. Wang; V. V. Dobrovitski; R. Hanson

2011-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

399

Investigation of the tunneling emitter bipolar transistor as spin-injector into silicon  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis is discussed the tunneling emitter bipolar transistor as a possible spin-injector into silicon. The transistor has a metallic emitter which as a spin-injector will be a ferromagnet. Spin-polarized electrons ...

Van Veenhuizen, Marc Julien

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Comparison of Spin-lattice Relaxation Measurements Made in the Presence of Strong Radiation Damping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of 1 H Spin-lattice Relaxation Times from VariousField Strength H Spin-lattice Relaxation Times, in seconds,Comparison of Spin-lattice Relaxation Measurements Made in

Taylor, Robert E; Peterson, Robert D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Adenine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adenine Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.339 (0.009, 48) C2-N3 1.331 (0.009, 48) N3-C4 1.344 (0.006, 48) C4-C5 1.383 (0.007, 48) C5-C6 1.406 (0.009, 48) C6-N1 1.351 (0.007, 48) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 48) N7-C8 1.311 (0.007, 48) C8-N9 1.373 (0.008, 48) N9-C4 1.374 (0.006, 48) C6-N6 1.335 (0.008, 48) N9-C1' 1.462 (0.010, 48) C6-N1-C2 118.6 (0.6, 48) N1-C2-N3 129.3 (0.5, 48) C2-N3-C4 110.6 (0.5, 48) N3-C4-C5 126.8 (0.7, 48) C4-C5-C6 117.0 (0.5, 48) C5-C6-N1 117.7 (0.5, 48) C4-C5-N7 110.7 (0.5, 48) C5-N7-C8 103.9 (0.5, 48)

402

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Adenine Protonated Adenine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.357 (0.009, 15) C2-N3 1.305 (0.008, 15) N3-C4 1.356 (0.006, 15) C4-C5 1.378 (0.008, 15) C5-C6 1.403 (0.007, 15) C6-N1 1.359 (0.007, 15) C5-N7 1.379 (0.005, 15) N7-C8 1.312 (0.008, 15) C8-N9 1.373 (0.009, 15) N9-C4 1.365 (0.007, 15) C6-N6 1.320 (0.008, 15) N9-C1' 1.466 (0.009, 15) C6-N1-C2 123.3 (0.6, 15) N1-C2-N3 125.7 (0.6, 15) C2-N3-C4 111.6 (0.4, 15) N3-C4-C5 127.4 (0.6, 15) C4-C5-C6 117.9 (0.5, 15) C5-C6-N1 114.0 (0.4, 15) C4-C5-N7 111.0 (0.3, 15) C5-N7-C8 103.7 (0.4, 15)

403

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Guanine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guanine Guanine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.373 (0.008, 21) C2-N3 1.323 (0.008, 21) N3-C4 1.350 (0.007, 21) C4-C5 1.379 (0.007, 21) C5-C6 1.419 (0.010, 21) C6-N1 1.391 (0.007, 21) C5-N7 1.388 (0.006, 21) N7-C8 1.305 (0.006, 21) C8-N9 1.374 (0.007, 21) N9-C4 1.375 (0.008, 21) C2-N2 1.341 (0.010, 21) C6-O6 1.237 (0.009, 21) N9-C1' 1.459 (0.009, 21) C6-N1-C2 125.1 (0.6, 21) N1-C2-N3 123.9 (0.6, 21) C2-N3-C4 111.9 (0.5, 21) N3-C4-C5 128.6 (0.5, 21) C4-C5-C6 118.8 (0.6, 21) C5-C6-N1 111.5 (0.5, 21)

404

Angle stations in or for endless conveyor belts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In an angle station for an endless conveyor belt, there are presented to each incoming run of the belt stationary curved guide members (18, 19) of the shape of a major segment of a right-circular cylinder and having in the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) thereof rectangular openings (15) arranged in parallel and helical paths and through which project small freely-rotatable rollers (14), the continuously-changing segments of the curved surfaces of which projecting through said openings (15) are in attitude to change the direction of travel of the belt (13) through 90.degree. during passage of the belt about the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) of the guide member (18 or 19). The rectangular openings (15) are arranged with their longer edges lengthwise of the diagonals representing the mean of the helix but with those of a plurality of the rows nearest to each end of the part-cylindrical portion (16 or 17) slightly out of axial symmetry with said diagonals, being slightly inclined in a direction about the intersections (40) of the diagonals of the main portion of the openings, to provide a "toe-in" attitude in relation to the line of run of the endless conveyor belt.

Steel, Alan (Glasgow, GB6)

1987-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

405

Characterization of photosynthetic supramolecular assemblies using small angle neutron scattering  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We are using small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to resolve structural features of supramolecular assemblies of photosynthetic proteins in liquid and frozen solutions. SANS resolves the size, shape, and structural homogeneity of macromolecular assemblies in samples identical to those used for spectroscopic assays of photosynthetic function. Likely molecular structures of the supramolecular assemblies can be identified by comparing experimental scattering data with scattering profiles calculated for model supramolecular assemblies built from crystal structures of the individual proteins. SANS studies of the Rhodobacter sphaeroides reaction center, RC, presented here, show that the detergent solubilized RC exists in a variety of monomeric and aggregation states. The distribution between monomer and aggregate was found to depend strongly upon detergent, temperature and nature of additives, such as ethylene glycol used for low temperature spectroscopy and polyethylene glycol used for crystallization. Likely aggregate structures are being identified by fitting the experimental scattering profiles with those calculated for model aggregates built-up using the RC crystal structure. This work establishes the foundation for using SANS to identify intermediates in the RC crystallization pathways, and for determining likely structures of complexes formed between the RC and its physiological reaction partners, cytochrome c, and the LHI antenna complex.

Tiede, D.M.; Marone, P.; Wagner, A.M.; Thiyagarajan, P.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

406

Consistent Adjoint Driven Importance Sampling using Space, Energy and Angle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For challenging radiation transport problems, hybrid methods combine the accuracy of Monte Carlo methods with the global information present in deterministic methods. One of the most successful hybrid methods is CADIS Consistent Adjoint Driven Importance Sampling. This method uses a deterministic adjoint solution to construct a biased source distribution and consistent weight windows to optimize a specific tally in a Monte Carlo calculation. The method has been implemented into transport codes using just the spatial and energy information from the deterministic adjoint and has been used in many applications to compute tallies with much higher figures-of-merit than analog calculations. CADIS also outperforms user-supplied importance values, which usually take long periods of user time to develop. This work extends CADIS to develop weight windows that are a function of the position, energy, and direction of the Monte Carlo particle. Two types of consistent source biasing are presented: one method that biases the source in space and energy while preserving the original directional distribution and one method that biases the source in space, energy, and direction. Seven simple example problems are presented which compare the use of the standard space/energy CADIS with the new space/energy/angle treatments.

Peplow, Douglas E. [ORNL; Mosher, Scott W [ORNL; Evans, Thomas M [ORNL

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Cosmological lepton asymmetry with a nonzero mixing angle $\\theta_{13}$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

While the baryon asymmetry of the Universe is nowadays well measured by cosmological observations, the bounds on the lepton asymmetry in the form of neutrinos are still significantly weaker. We place limits on the relic neutrino asymmetries using some of the latest cosmological data, taking into account the effect of flavor oscillations. We present our results for two different values of the neutrino mixing angle \\theta_{13}, and show that for large \\theta_{13} the limits on the total neutrino asymmetry become more stringent, diluting even large initial flavor asymmetries. In particular, we find that the present bounds are still dominated by the limits coming from Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, while the limits on the total neutrino mass from cosmological data are essentially independent of \\theta_{13}. Finally, we perform a forecast for COrE, taken as an example of a future CMB experiment, and find that it could improve the limits on the total lepton asymmetry approximately by up to a factor 5.

Castorina, Emanuele; Lattanzi, Massimiliano; Lesgourgues, Julien; Mangano, Gianpiero; Melchiorri, Alessandro; Pastor, Sergio

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Quantum communication beyond the localization length in disordered spin chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effects of localization on quantum state transfer in spin chains. We show how to use quantum error correction and multiple parallel spin chains to send a qubit with high fidelity over arbitrary distances; in particular distances much greater than the localization length of the chain.

Jonathan Allcock; Noah Linden

2008-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

409

MAPPING OUT THE FULL SPIN RESONANCE STRUCTURE OF RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

We extended the ability of DEPOL [1] to calculate coupled spin resonances and used it to determine the location and strength of both intrinsic and coupled spin resonances in RHIC. In particular we are interested in the full resonance structure with solenoidal elements turned on and with quadrupole rolls[2].

RANJBAR,V.; LEE,S.Y.; MACKAY,W.W.; BAI,M.; COURANT,E.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

410

Efficient parallel processing with spin-wave nanoarchitectures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we study the algorithm design aspects of three newly developed spin-wave architectures. The architectures are capable of simultaneously transmitting multiple signals using different frequencies, and allow for concurrent read/write operations. ... Keywords: Nanoscale spin-wave architectures, Parallel algorithms, Parallel architectures, Routing

Mary M. Eshaghian-Wilner; Shiva Navab

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Thermodynamics and Universality for Mean Field Quantum Spin Glasses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study aspects of the thermodynamics of quantum versions of spin glasses. By means of the Lie-Trotter formula for exponential sums of operators, we adapt methods used to analyze classical spin glass models to answer analogous questions about quantum models.

Nick Crawford

2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

412

Spin flip probability of electron in a uniform magnetic field  

SciTech Connect

The probability that an electromagnetic wave can flip the spin of an electron is calculated. It is assumed that the electron resides in a uniform magnetic field and interacts with an incoming electromagnetic pulse. The scattering matrix is constructed and the time needed to flip the spin is calculated.

Hammond, Richard T. [Department of Physics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27703 (United States)

2012-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

413

Energy Dependence of the Pomeron Spin-Flip ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is no theoretical reason to think that the spin-flip component of the Pomeron is zero. One can measure the spin-flip part using Coulomb-nuclear interference (CNI). Perturbative QCD calculations show that the spin-flip component is sensitive to the smallest quark separation in the proton, while the non-flip part probes the largest separation. According to HERA results on the proton structure function at very low x the energy dependence of the cross-section correlates with the size of the color dipole. Analysing the data from HERA we predict that the ratio of the spin-flip to non-flip amplitude grows with energy as r(s) ? (1/x) 0.1?0.2, violating Regge factorisation of the Pomeron. How to measure the Pomeron spin-flip? The Pomeron contribution to the elastic scattering amplitude of a spin 1/2 particle has a form, f P (s, t) = f P 0 (s, t) ?t 1 + i ?n r(s, t) mN The function r(s, t) characterises the Pomeron spin-flip to non-flip ratio. In the case of NN elastic scattering r can be expressed through the spin amplitude in standard notations, r = 2mN

B. Z. Kopeliovich; B. Povh

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Quantum Spin Chains and Ladders: Theoretical Concepts and Recent Developments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institut f¨ur Theoretische Physik H.-J. Mikeska (ITP Hannover) Quantum spin chains and ladders Tbilisi Hannover) Quantum spin chains and ladders Tbilisi, September 19, 2005 2 / 54 #12;Introduction 1 Tbilisi, September 19, 2005 3 / 54 #12;Introduction milestones in low D magnetism Milestones in Low D

Dragon, Norbert

415

Spin light mode of massive neutrino radiative decay in matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the exact solutions for the Dirac neutrino wave function in presence of matter we study the spin light mode in the process of neutrino transition from initial heavier to final lighter state. The spin light is emitted due to the neutrino nonzero transitional magnetic moment.

Alexander Grigoriev; Alexey Lokhov; Alexander Studenikin

2009-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

416

LCPHSM2001055 Determination of the Higgs boson spin  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LC­PHSM­2001­055 Determination of the Higgs boson spin with a Linear e + e \\Gamma Collider M of a light Higgs boson is studied at threshold and compared to the expectation of several spin as­ sumptions luminosity of 20 fb \\Gamma1 allow confirmation of the scalar nature of the Higgs Boson. INTRODUCTION

417

NUCLEAR SPIN ISOSPIN RESPONSES FOR LOW-ENERGY NEUTRINOS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NUCLEAR SPIN ISOSPIN RESPONSES FOR LOW-ENERGY NEUTRINOS Hiroyasu EJIRI Nuclear Physics Laboratory Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka, 567 Japan. E-mail address: ejiri@rcnp.osaka-u.ac.jp (H. Ejiri). Physics Reports 338 (2000) 265}351 Nuclear spin isospin responses for low

Washington at Seattle, University of

418

Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets - Argonne National Laboratories,  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator Highlights > Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets Quantum spins mimic refrigerator magnets By Joseph Bernstein * October 11, 2012 The behavior of magnetic moments in metal oxides such as layered iridium is dominated by strong spin-orbit coupling effects. In layered compounds such as Sr3Ir2O7 (shown on the left), the direction of these moments (blue arrows) is controlled at the quantum level by dipolar interactions that are akin to those of classical bar magnets. Another outcome is an unprecedented 'magnon gap' (shown at right), which was measured at the Argonne Advanced Photon Source and reveals that these underlying dipolar magnetic interactions are extremely strong. Current electronic devices depend on manipulating charge. Alternative approaches may rely on not only charge but also the spin of electrons.

419

Definition: Non-Spinning Reserve | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Spinning Reserve Spinning Reserve Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Non-Spinning Reserve That generating reserve not connected to the system but capable of serving demand within a specified time., Interruptible load that can be removed from the system in a specified time.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition In electricity networks, the operating reserve is the generating capacity available to the system operator within a short interval of time to meet demand in case a generator goes down or there is another disruption to the supply. Most power systems are designed so that, under normal conditions, the operating reserve is always at least the capacity of the largest generator plus a fraction of the peak load. The operating reserve is made up of the spinning reserve as well as the non-spinning or

420

Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice Potential data storage and computational advances could follow August 27, 2013 Potential data storage and computational advances could follow A 3-D depiction of the honeycomb artificial spin ice topography after the annealing and cooling protocols. The light and dark colors represent the north and south magnetic poles of the islands. Image by Ian Gilbert, U. of I. Department of Physics and Frederick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email Siv Schwink U. Illinois (217) 300-2201 Email "The emergence of magnetic monopoles in spin ice systems is a particular case of what physicists call fractionalization, or deconfinement of

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421

The Iron Spin Transition in the Earth's Lower Mantle  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Iron Spin Transition in the The Iron Spin Transition in the Earth's Lower Mantle The Iron Spin Transition in the Earth's Lower Mantle Print Wednesday, 30 April 2008 00:00 It is now known that the iron present in minerals of the lower mantle of the Earth undergoes a pressure-induced transition with pairing of the spins of its 3d electrons. A team from the University of California, Berkeley, Tel Aviv University, and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has used x-ray diffraction at very high pressure to investigate the effects of this transition on the elastic properties of magnesiowüstite (Mg1-xFex)O, the second most abundant mineral in the Earth's lower mantle. The new results suggest that the effect of the spin-pairing transition on magnesiowüstite can be large enough to require a partial revision of the most accepted model of the lower mantle composition.

422

SPIN POLARIZED PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY AS A PROBE OF MAGNETIC SYSTEMS.  

SciTech Connect

Spin-polarized photoelectron spectroscopy has developed into a versatile tool for the study of surface and thin film magnetism. In this chapter, we examine the methodology of the technique and its recent application to a number of different problems. We first examine the photoemission process itself followed by a detailed review of spin-polarization measurement techniques and the related experimental requirements. We review studies of spin polarized surface states, interface states and quantum well states followed by studies of the technologically important oxide systems including half-metallic transition metal oxides, ferromagnet/oxide interfaces and the antiferromagnetic cuprates that exhibit high Tc Superconductivity. We also discuss the application of high-resolution photoemission with spin resolving capabilities to the study of spin dependent self energy effects.

JOHNSON, P.D.; GUNTHERODT, G.

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Spin Structure with JLab 6 and 12 GeV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Highlights of JLab 6 GeV results on spin structure study and plan for 12 GeV program. Spin structure study is full of surprises and puzzles. A decade of experiments from JLab yield these exciting results: (1) valence spin structure; (2) precision measurements of g{sub 2}/d{sub 2} - high-twist; (3) spin sum rules and polarizabilities; and (4) first neutron transversity. There is a bright future as the 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly enhance our capability: (1) Precision determination of the valence quark spin structure flavor separation; (2) Precision measurements of g{sub 2}/d{sub 2}; and (3) Precision extraction of transversity/tensor charge.

Jian-Ping Chen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Simultaneous Spin-Charge Relaxation in Double Quantum Dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate phonon-induced spin and charge relaxation mediated by spin-orbit and hyperfine interactions for a single electron confined within a double quantum dot. A simple toy model incorporating both direct decay to the ground state of the double dot and indirect decay via an intermediate excited state yields an electron spin relaxation rate that varies non-monotonically with the detuning between the dots. We confirm this model with experiments performed on a GaAs double dot, demonstrating that the relaxation rate exhibits the expected detuning dependence and can be electrically tuned over several orders of magnitude. Our analysis suggests that spin-orbit mediated relaxation via phonons serves as the dominant mechanism through which the double-dot electron spin-flip rate varies with detuning.

V. Srinivasa; K. C. Nowack; M. Shafiei; L. M. K. Vandersypen; J. M. Taylor

2013-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

425

Aspects of metric-like higher-spin geometry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the higher-derivative equations obtained setting to zero the divergence of the higher-spin curvatures in metric-like form, showing their equivalence to the second-order equations emerging from the tensionless limit of open string field theory, propagating reducible spectra of particles with different spins. This result can be viewed as complementary to the possibility of setting to zero a single trace of the higher-spin field strengths, yielding an equation known to imply Fronsdal's equation in the compensator form. We review the general context and results obtained in the investigation of metric-like higher-spin geometry, the structure of the corresponding non-local actions, together with their links to more conventional, local forms including a recently proposed one for higher-spin theories with transverse gauge invariance.

Francia, D. [Centro Studi e Ricerche E. Fermi, piazza del Viminale 1, I-00184 Roma, Italy and Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, I-56126 Pisa (Italy)

2012-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

426

Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Solar Zenith Angle Correction Factor  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Radiation Dry Bias in the TWP-ICE Radiosonde Soundings Solar Zenith Angle Correction Factor Figure 3: Ratio of MWR TCWV to radiosonde derived TCWV, and the solar zenith angle at the radiosonde launch time (black dots). The dry bias observed in sonde TCWV values is mainly attributable to a dry RH bias near the surface The red dots show the 1000 hPa RH correction factors suggested by Voemel et al for sondes launched near noon (10-30 degree solar zenith angle), and at night time (90 degree zenith angle). The green line shows a modified RH correction factor which is a function of the solar zenith angle. ● During the day-time, the TCWV bias is significantly smaller when the zenith angle correction is applied than when no correction, or only the Crad and Ccal corrections are applied.

427

Development of a hybrid margin angle controller for HVDC continuous operation  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this paper is to present a new hybrid margin angle control method for HVDC continuous operation under AC system fault conditions. For stable continuous operation of HVDC systems, the margin angle controller must be designed to maintain the necessary margin angle to avoid commutation failures. The proposed method uses the open loop margin angle controller (MAC) as the basic controller, and adds output from the closed loop MAC to correct the control angle. A fast voltage detection algorithm is used for open loop control, and margin angle reference correction using harmonics detection for closed loop control are also developed. The combination of open and closed loop control provides quick responses when faults occur with stable and speedy recovery after fault clearance. The effectiveness of the developed controller is confirmed through EMTP digital simulations and also with the experiments using an analogue simulator.

Sato, M. [Kansai Electric Power Co., Osaka (Japan); Yamaji, K. [Shikoku Electric Power Co., Takamatsu (Japan); Sekita, M. [Electric Power Development Co., Tokyo (Japan); Amano, M.; Nishimura, M.; Konishi, H.; Oomori, T. [Hitachi, Ltd. (Japan)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Method and apparatus for controlling pitch and flap angles of a wind turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wind turbine with improved response to wind conditions is provided. Blade flap angle motion is accompanied by a change in pitch angle by an amount defining a pitch/flap coupling ratio. The coupling ratio is non-constant as a function of a flap angle and is preferably a substantially continuous, non-linear function of flap angle. The non-constant coupling ratio can be provided by mechanical systems such as a series of linkages or by configuring electronic or other control systems and/or angle sensors. A link with a movable proximal end advantageously is part of the mechanical system. The system can provide relatively large coupling ratios and relatively large rates of coupling ratio changes especially for near-feather pitches and low flap angles.

Deering, Kenneth J. (Seattle, WA); Wohlwend, Keith P. (Issaquah, WA)

2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

429

Subband Structure of a Two-Dimensional Electron Gas Formed at the Polar Surface of the Strong Spin-Orbit Perovskite KTaO3  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate the formation of a two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the (100) surface of the 5d transition-metal oxide KTaO{sub 3}. From angle-resolved photoemission, we find that quantum confinement lifts the orbital degeneracy of the bulk band structure and leads to a 2DEG composed of ladders of subband states of both light and heavy carriers. Despite the strong spin-orbit coupling, we find no experimental signatures of a Rashba spin splitting, which has important implications for the interpretation of transport measurements in both KTaO{sub 3}- and SrTiO{sub 3}-based 2DEGs. The polar nature of the KTaO{sub 3}(100) surface appears to help mediate formation of the 2DEG as compared to non-polar SrTiO{sub 3}(100).

King, P.D.C.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Solar Cells: Spin-Cast Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: A Dynamical...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solar Cells: Spin-Cast Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: A Dynamical Investigation Solar Cells: Spin-Cast Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells: A Dynamical Investigation Print Wednesday,...

431

First Observation of Spin Hall Effect in a Quantum Gas Is Step ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

First Observation of Spin Hall Effect in a Quantum Gas Is Step Toward 'Atomtronics'. ... The spin Hall effect in a quantum gas. ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

432

Entanglement transfer from electron spins to photons in spin light-emitting diodes containing quantum dots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show that electron recombination using positively charged excitons in single quantum dots provides an efficient method to transfer entanglement from electron spins onto photon polarizations. We propose a scheme for the production of entangled four-photon states of GHZ type. From the GHZ state, two fully entangled photons can be obtained by a measurement of two photons in the linear polarization basis, even for quantum dots with observable fine structure splitting for neutral excitons and significant exciton spin decoherence. Because of the interplay of quantum mechanical selection rules and interference, maximally entangled electron pairs are converted into maximally entangled photon pairs with unity fidelity for a continuous set of observation directions. We describe the dynamics of the conversion process using a master-equation approach and show that the implementation of our scheme is feasible with current experimental techniques.

Veronica Cerletti; Oliver Gywat; Daniel Loss

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

433

Effect of Load Phase Angle on Wind Turbine Blade Fatigue Damage: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper examines the importance of phase angle variations with respect to fatigue damage. The operating loads on a generic conventional three-bladed upwind 1.5-MW wind turbine blade were analyzed over a range of operating conditions, and an aggregate probability distribution for the actual phase angles between the in-plane (lead-lag) and out-of-plane (flap) loads was determined. Using a finite element model of a generic blade and Miner's Rule, the accumulated theoretical damage (based on axial strains) resulting from a fatigue test with variable phase angles was compared to the damage resulting from a fatigue test with a constant phase angle. The nodal damage distribution at specific blade cross-sections are compared for the constant and variable phase angle cases. The sequence effects of various phase angle progressions were also considered. For this analysis, the finite element results were processed using the nonlinear Marco-Starkey damage accumulation model. Each phase angle sequence was constrained to have the same overall phase angle distribution and the same total number of cycles but the order in which the phase angles were applied was varied.

White, D. L.; Musial, W. D.

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Anomalous Small-angle Scattering with Soft X-rays at Al and Si K ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous Small-angle Scattering with Soft X-rays at Al and Si K Absorption ... and Cooling Cycles in a High Strength Quenched and Tempered Structural Steel.

435

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Uracil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Uracil Uracil ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.009, 46) C2-N3 1.373 (0.007, 46) N3-C4 1.380 (0.009, 46) C4-C5 1.431 (0.009, 46) C5-C6 1.337 (0.009, 46) C6-N1 1.375 (0.009, 46) C2-O2 1.219 (0.009, 46) C4-O4 1.232 (0.008, 46) N1-C1' 1.469 (0.014, 46) C6-N1-C2 121.0 (0.6, 46) N1-C2-N3 114.9 (0.6, 46) C2-N3-C4 127.0 (0.6, 46) N3-C4-C5 114.6 (0.6, 46) C4-C5-C6 119.7 (0.6, 46) C5-C6-N1 122.7 (0.5, 46) N1-C2-O2 122.8 (0.7, 46) N3-C2-O2 122.2 (0.7, 46) N3-C4-O4 119.4 (0.7, 46) C5-C4-O4 125.9 (0.6, 46) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (1.4, 46) C2-N1-C1' 117.7 (1.2, 46

436

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Thymine  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Thymine Thymine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.376 (0.008, 50) C2-N3 1.373 (0.008, 50) N3-C4 1.382 (0.008, 50) C4-C5 1.445 (0.009, 50) C5-C6 1.339 (0.007, 50) C6-N1 1.378 (0.007, 50) C2-O2 1.220 (0.008, 50) C4-O4 1.228 (0.009, 50) C5-M5 1.496 (0.006, 50) N1-C1' 1.473 (0.014, 50) C6-N1-C2 121.3 (0.5, 50) N1-C2-N3 114.6 (0.6, 50) C2-N3-C4 127.2 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-C5 115.2 (0.6, 50) C4-C5-C6 118.0 (0.6, 50) C5-C6-N1 123.7 (0.6, 50) N1-C2-O2 123.1 (0.8, 50) N3-C2-O2 122.3 (0.6, 50) N3-C4-O4 119.9 (0.6, 50) C5-C4-O4 124.9 (0.7, 50) C4-C5-M5 119.0 (0.6, 50)

437

NA Standards | Valence Geometries | Bond Lengths & Angles - Protonated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protonated Cytosine Protonated Cytosine ---------------------------------------------------- Bond or Angle Mean (esd, N) Value ---------------------------------------------------- N1-C2 1.381 (0.007, 17) C2-N3 1.384 (0.007, 17) N3-C4 1.353 (0.006, 17) C4-C5 1.413 (0.005, 17) C5-C6 1.346 (0.006, 17) C6-N1 1.365 (0.007, 17) C2-O2 1.212 (0.006, 17) C4-N4 1.315 (0.007, 17) N1-C1' 1.483 (0.015, 17) C6-N1-C2 121.7 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-N3 114.7 (0.7, 17) C2-N3-C4 125.3 (0.7, 17) N3-C4-C5 117.6 (0.5, 17) C4-C5-C6 118.4 (0.5, 17) C5-C6-N1 122.2 (0.5, 17) N1-C2-O2 123.4 (0.7, 17) N3-C2-O2 121.9 (0.5, 17) N3-C4-N4 119.5 (0.7, 17) C5-C4-N4 123.0 (0.8, 17) C6-N1-C1' 121.2 (0.9, 17) C2-N1-C1' 116.9 (1.0, 17

438

Competition between superconductivity and spin density wave  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Hubbard model has been investigated widely by many authors, while this work may be new in two aspects. One, we focus on the possible effects of the positions of the gaps associated with the pairing and the spin density wave. Two, we suggest that the models with different parameters are appropriate for different materials (or a material in different doped regions). This will lead to some new insights into the high temperature superconductors. It is shown that the SDW can appear at some temperature region when the on-site Coulomb interaction is larger, while the SC requires a decreased U at a lower temperature. This can qualitatively explain the relationship between superconducting and pseudogap states of Cu-based superconductors in underdoped and optimally doped regions. The superinsulator is also discussed.

Tian De Cao

2011-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

439

Spin precession modulation in a magnetic bilayer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on modulation of the spin precession in a Co/garnet bilayer by femtosecond laser excitation using time-resolved magneto-optical tools. Damped oscillations in the Faraday rotation transients representing precessional motion of the magnetization vector are observed in both the 2 nm Co layer and 1.8 {mu}m garnet of the bilayer with distinct frequencies differing by about a factor of two. The excitation efficiency of these precessions strongly depends on the out-of-plane magnetic field. The modulation effect with the coupling in a magnetic bilayer can be useful for non-thermally controlling the magnetization of nanomagnets and ultrafast switching in magnetic nanodevices.

Stupakiewicz, A.; Maziewski, A. [Laboratory of Magnetism, Faculty of Physics, University of Bialystok, Lipowa 41, Bialystok (Poland); Pashkevich, M. [Laboratory of Magnetism, Faculty of Physics, University of Bialystok, Lipowa 41, Bialystok (Poland); Scientific-Practical Materials Research Centre of the NASB, P. Brovki 19, Minsk (Belarus); Stognij, A.; Novitskii, N. [Scientific-Practical Materials Research Centre of the NASB, P. Brovki 19, Minsk (Belarus)

2012-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

440

Resonant-plane locking and spin alignment in stellar-mass black-hole binaries: a diagnostic of compact-binary formation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the influence of astrophysical formation scenarios on the precessional dynamics of spinning black-hole binaries by the time they enter the observational window of second- and third-generation gravitational-wave detectors, such as Advanced LIGO/Virgo, LIGO-India, KAGRA and the Einstein Telescope. Under the plausible assumption that tidal interactions are efficient at aligning the spins of few-solar mass black-hole progenitors with the orbital angular momentum, we find that black-hole spins should be expected to preferentially lie in a plane when they become detectable by gravitational-wave interferometers. This "resonant plane" is identified by the conditions \\Delta\\Phi=0{\\deg} or \\Delta\\Phi=+/-180{\\deg}, where \\Delta\\Phi is the angle between the components of the black-hole spins in the plane orthogonal to the orbital angular momentum. If the angles \\Delta \\Phi can be accurately measured for a large sample of gravitational-wave detections, their distribution will constrain models of compact binary formation. In particular, it will tell us whether tidal interactions are efficient and whether a mechanism such as mass transfer, stellar winds, or supernovae can induce a mass-ratio reversal (so that the heavier black hole is produced by the initially lighter stellar progenitor). Therefore our model offers a concrete observational link between gravitational-wave measurements and astrophysics. We also hope that it will stimulate further studies of precessional dynamics, gravitational-wave template placement and parameter estimation for binaries locked in the resonant plane.

Davide Gerosa; Michael Kesden; Emanuele Berti; Richard O'Shaughnessy; Ulrich Sperhake

2013-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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441

Spin physics with CLAS and CLAS12  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive experimental program to measure the spin structure of the nucleon has been conducted in Hall B at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) in the last decade. Using a longitudinally polarized beam scattering off longitudinally polarized NH3 and ND3 targets, inclusive Deep Inelastic Scattering (DIS), Semi-Inclusive DIS (SIDIS) and DVCS experiments were carried out that make a significant contributions to the existing data. The inclusive double spin asymmetry A|| was measured over a large range in Q2 and W, providing data of impressively high precision that give a better understanding of the structure of the nucleon in the DIS and the valence quarks regions. Using parameterizations A2 and F1 from world data, the virtual photon asymmetry A1 and the structure function g1 were extracted in a Q2 range from 0.05 to 5 GeV2 and a W range from 1.08 to 3.0 GeV. As a result of the extended kinematical range, first moments of structure functions were measured over a large range in Q2 and duality was tested. Furthermore, newly proposed experiments, using an upgraded accelerator at Jefferson Laboratory and an improved CLAS detector (CLAS12), are expected to increase the statistical precision of the current measurements and extend them to kinematic regions presently not accessible, such as high x. This will improve significantly our knowledge of the structure of the nucleon, including parton distribution functions, duality and higher twists contributions.

Angela Biselli

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Connor Flynn

443

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Connor Flynn

444

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

SciTech Connect

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, low-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Connor Flynn

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

445

ARM: Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated  

SciTech Connect

Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer-Hemispheric, VISible channel, high-sun angles [a0 data is uncalibrated

Connor Flynn

2011-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

446

Atomic clock transitions in silicon-based spin qubits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A major challenge in using spins in the solid state for quantum technologies is protecting them from sources of decoherence. This can be addressed, to varying degrees, by improving material purity or isotopic composition for example, or active error correction methods such as dynamic decoupling, or even combinations of the two. However, a powerful method applied to trapped ions in the context of frequency standards and atomic clocks, is the use of particular spin transitions which are inherently robust to external perturbations. Here we show that such `clock transitions' (CTs) can be observed for electron spins in the solid state, in particular using bismuth donors in silicon. This leads to dramatic enhancements in the electron spin coherence time, exceeding seconds. We find that electron spin qubits based on CTs become less sensitive to the local magnetic environment, including the presence of 29Si nuclear spins as found in natural silicon. We expect the use of such CTs will be of additional importance for donor spins in future devices, mitigating the effects of magnetic or electric field noise arising from nearby interfaces.

Gary Wolfowicz; Alexei M. Tyryshkin; Richard E. George; Helge Riemann; Nikolai V. Abrosimov; Peter Becker; Hans-Joachim Pohl; Mike L. W. Thewalt; Stephen A. Lyon; John J. L. Morton

2013-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

447

Spin-Nematic Squeezing in a Quantum Gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Exotic types of magnetic order and phases resulting from collective behaviour of quantum spins are an important focus of many-body physics. Nematic or quadrupolar ordering of spins is one such example, which breaks O(3) rotational symmetry, has no magnetic moment and is analogous to the well-known ordering of molecules in nematic phases of liquid crystals. Spin nematic phases have been posited for a variety of condensed matter systems including frustrated quantum magnets, and heavy-fermion and iron-based superconductors, although they are challenging to detect directly. Spin-1 atomic Bose-Einstein condensates provide a natural system to investigate spin-nematic quantum phases with a key advantage that the nematic tensor is directly measurable. Here, we measure spin-nematic fluctuations in a spin-1 condensate following a quench through a nematic to ferromagnetic quantum phase transition and observe quadrature squeezing in the variance of the fluctuations up to -8.3 dB (-10.3 dB corrected for detection noise) b...

Hamley, C D; Hoang, T M; Bookjans, E M; Chapman, M S

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Spin Asymmetries on Nucleon Experiment at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment (SANE) of Jefferson Lab is a comprehensive measurement of double spin asymmetries of the proton for both parallel and almost perpendicular spin configurations of the proton spin and the electron beam polarization directions. The experiment will provide both spin structure functions, g2 and g1 and spin observable A2 and A1 of the proton over Q2 region from 2.5 to 6.5 GeV2/c2 and Bjorken x region of 0.3 to 0.8. Using the polarized electron beam of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and the polarized frozen NH3 target, the data were taken early 2009 in Hall C of Jefferson Lab. Scattered electrons from the inclusive reaction were detected by the Big Electron Telescope Array (BETA), a new non-magnetic detector with a large acceptance of 194 msr. The current analysis effort is focused on the proton spin structure functions g2 and g1. Physics motivations with the experimental methods will be presented with an overvew of the current status of the data analysis.

Seonho Choi

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Spin Asymmetries on Nucleon Experiment at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

The Spin Asymmetries of the Nucleon Experiment (SANE) of Jefferson Lab is a comprehensive measurement of double spin asymmetries of the proton for both parallel and almost perpendicular spin configurations of the proton spin and the electron beam polarization directions. The experiment will provide both spin structure functions, g{sub 2} and g{sub 1} and spin observable A{sub 2} and A{sub 1} of the proton over Q{sup 2} region from 2.5 to 6.5 GeV{sup 2}/c{sup 2} and Bjorken x region of 0.3 to 0.8. Using the polarized electron beam of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility and the polarized frozen NH{sub 3} target, the data were taken early 2009 in Hall C of Jefferson Lab. Scattered electrons from the inclusive reaction were detected by the Big Electron Telescope Array (BETA), a new non-magnetic detector with a large acceptance of 194 msr. The current analysis effort is focused on the proton spin structure functions g{sub 2} and g{sub 1}. Physics motivations with the experimental methods will be presented with an overview of the current status of the data analysis.

Choi, Seonho [Department of Physics, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

450

Discovery of very high energy gamma-ray emission from the blazar 1ES 1727+502 with the MAGIC Telescopes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the Costamante & Ghisellini (2002) predictions we investigated if the blazar 1ES 1727+502 (z=0.055) is emitting very high energy (VHE, E>100 GeV) gamma rays. We observed the BL Lac object 1ES 1727+502 in stereoscopic mode with the two MAGIC telescopes during 14 nights between May 6th and June 10th 2011, for a total effective observing time of 12.6 hours. For the study of the multiwavelength spectral energy distribution (SED) we use simultaneous optical R-band data from the KVA telescope, archival UV/optical and X-ray observations by instruments UVOT and XRT on board of the Swift satellite and high energy (HE, 0.1 GeV - 100 GeV) gamma-ray data from the Fermi-LAT instrument. We detect, for the first time, VHE gamma-ray emission from 1ES 1727+502 at a statistical significance of 5.5 sigma. The integral flux above 150 GeV is estimated to be (2.1\\pm0.4)% of the Crab Nebula flux and the de-absorbed VHE spectrum has a photon index of (2.7\\pm0.5). No significant short-term variability was found in an...

Aleksi?, J; Antoranz, P; Asensio, M; Backes, M; de Almeida, U Barres; Barrio, J A; González, J Becerra; Bednarek, W; Berger, K; Bernardini, E; Biland, A; Blanch, O; Bock, R K; Boller, A; Bonnefoy, S; Bonnoli, G; Tridon, D Borla; Borracci, F; Bretz, T; Carmona, E; Carosi, A; Fidalgo, D Carreto; Colin, P; Colombo, E; Contreras, J L; Cortina, J; Cossio, L; Covino, S; Da Vela, P; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; De Caneva, G; De Lotto, B; Mendez, C Delgado; Doert, M; Domínguez, A; Prester, D Dominis; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Eisenacher, D; Elsaesser, D; Farina, E; Ferenc, D; Fonseca, M V; Font, L; Fruck, C; López, R J García; Garczarczyk, M; Terrats, D Garrido; Gaug, M; Giavitto, G; Godinovi?, N; Muñoz, A González; Gozzini, S R; Hadamek, A; Hadasch, D; Häfner, D; Herrero, A; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Idec, W; Jankowski, F; Kadenius, V; Klepser, S; Knoetig, M L; Krähenbühl, T; Krause, J; Kushida, J; La Barbera, A; Lelas, D; Lewandowska, N; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; López, M; López-Coto, R; López-Oramas, A; Lorenz, E; Lozano, I; Makariev, M; Mallot, K; Maneva, G; Mankuzhiyil, N; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Marcote, B; Mariotti, M; Martínez, M; Masbou, J; Mazin, D; Meucci, M; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Moldón, J; Moralejo, A; Munar-Adrover, P; Nakajima, D; Niedzwiecki, A; Nilsson, K; Nowak, N; Orito, R; Paiano, S; Palatiello, M; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Partini, S; Persic, M; Prada, F; Moroni, P G Prada; Prandini, E; Puljak, I; Reichardt, I; Reinthal, R; Rhode, W; Ribó, M; Rico, J; Rügamer, S; Saggion, A; Saito, K; Saito, T Y; Salvati, M; Satalecka, K; Scalzotto, V; Scapin, V; Schultz, C; Schweizer, T; Shore, S N; Sillanpää, A; Sitarek, J; Snidaric, I; Sobczynska, D; Spanier, F; Spiro, S; Stamatescu, V; Stamerra, A; Steinke, B; Storz, J; Sun, S; Suri?, T; Takalo, L; Takami, H; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Terzi?, T; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Tibolla, O; Torres, D F; Toyama, T; Treves, A; Uellenbeck, M; Vogler, P; Wagner, R M; Weitzel, Q; Zandanel, F; Zanin, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Observation of VHE gamma-ray emission from the Active Galactic Nucleus 1ES1959+650 using the MAGIC telecope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MAGIC Cherenkov telescope has observed very high energy (VHE) gamma-ray emission from the Active Galactic Nucleus 1ES1959+650 during six hours in September and October 2004. The observations were carried out alternated with the Crab Nebula, whose data were used as reference source for optimizing gamma/hadron separation and for flux comparison. The data analysis shows VHE gamma-ray emission of 1ES1959+650 with ~ 8 sigma significance, at a time of low activity in both optical and X-ray wavelengths. An integral flux above ~ 180 GeV of about 20% of the Crab was obtained. The light curve, sampled over 7 days, shows no significant variations. The differential energy spectrum between 180 GeV and 2 TeV can be fitted with a power law of index -2.72 +/- 0.14. The spectrum is consistent with the slightly steeper spectrum seen by HEGRA at higher energies, also during periods of low X-ray activity.

J. Albert et al.

2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

452

Spin Properties of Transition-Metallorganic Self-Assembled Molecules  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes SRI's accomplishments on the project, 'Spin Properties of Transition-Metallorganic Self-Assembled Molecules' funded by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US Department of Energy. We have successfully carried out all tasks identified in our proposal and gained significant knowledge and understanding of spin-polarized electronic structure, spin relaxation, and spin-dependent transport in transition-metallorganic molecules and enhohedral fullerenes. These molecules contain integrated spin and charge components and will enable us to achieve sophisticated functions in spintronics and quantum computing at molecular level with simple circuitry and easy fabrication. We have developed microscopic theories that describe the underlying mechanisms of spin-dependent porcesses and constructed quantitative modeling tools that compute several important spin properties. These results represent the basic principles governing the spin-dependent behaviors in nanostructures containing such molecules. Based on these results we have shown that novel device functions, such as electrically controlled g-factor and noninvasive electrical detection of spin dynamics, can be achieved in these nanostructures. Some of our results have been published in peer-reviewed journals and presented at professional conferences. In addition, we have established a close collaboration with experimentalists at Oxford University, UK (Dr. J. Morton and Prof. G. Briggs), Princeton University (Dr. A. Tyryshkin and Prof. S. Lyon), University of Delaware (Prof. E. Nowak), and University of California (Profs. R. Kawakami and J. Shi), who have been studying related systems and supplying us with new experimental data. We have provided our understanding and physical insights to the experimentalists and helped analyze their experimental measurements. The collaboration with experimentalists has also broadened our research scope and helped us focus on the most relevant issues concerning these materials.

Zhi Gang Yu

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

Post-Newtonian gravitational radiation and equations of motion via direct integration of the relaxed Einstein equations. IV. Radiation reaction for binary systems with spin-spin coupling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using post-Newtonian equations of motion for fluid bodies that include radiation-reaction terms at 2.5 and 3.5 post-Newtonian (PN) order O[(v/c)^5] and O[(v/c)^7] beyond Newtonian order), we derive the equations of motion for binary systems with spinning bodies, including spin-spin effects. In particular we determine the effects of radiation-reaction coupled to spin-spin effects on the two-body equations of motion, and on the evolution of the spins. We find that radiation damping causes a 3.5PN order, spin-spin induced precession of the individual spins. This contrasts with the case of spin-orbit coupling, where there is no effect on the spins at 3.5PN order. Employing the equations of motion and of spin precession, we verify that the loss of total energy and total angular momentum induced by spin-spin effects precisely balances the radiative flux of those quantities calculated by Kidder et al.

Han Wang; Clifford M. Will

2007-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

454

Engineering shallow spins in diamond with nitrogen delta-doping  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate nanometer-precision depth control of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center creation near the surface of synthetic diamond using an in situ nitrogen delta-doping technique during plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. Despite their proximity to the surface, doped NV centers with depths (d) ranging from 5 to 100 nm display long spin coherence times, T{sub 2} > 100 {mu}s at d = 5 nm and T{sub 2} > 600 {mu}s at d {>=} 50 nm. The consistently long spin coherence observed in such shallow NV centers enables applications such as atomic-scale external spin sensing and hybrid quantum architectures.

Ohno, Kenichi; Joseph Heremans, F.; Bassett, Lee C.; Myers, Bryan A.; Toyli, David M.; Bleszynski Jayich, Ania C.; Palmstrom, Christopher J.; Awschalom, David D. [Center for Spintronics and Quantum Computation, University of California, Santa Barbara, California 93106 (United States)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

455

Modeling two-spin dynamics in a noisy environment  

SciTech Connect

We describe how the effect of charge noise on a pair of spins coupled via the exchange interaction can be calculated by modeling charge fluctuations as a random telegraph noise process using probability density functions. We develop analytic expressions for the time-dependent superoperator of a pair of spins as a function of fluctuation amplitude and rate. We show that the theory can be extended to include multiple fluctuators, in particular, spectral distributions of fluctuators. These superoperators can be included in time-dependent analyses of the state of spin systems designed for spintronics or quantum information processing to determine the decohering effects of exchange fluctuations.

Testolin, M. J.; Hollenberg, L. C. L. [Centre for Quantum Computer Technology, School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Cole, J. H. [Centre for Quantum Computer Technology, School of Physics, University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia); Institut fuer Theoretische Festkoerperphysik und DFG-Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN), Universitaet Karlsruhe, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Knitting distributed cluster state ladders with spin chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been much recent study on the application of spin chains to quantum state transfer and communication. Here we discuss the utilisation of spin chains (set up for perfect quantum state transfer) for the knitting of distributed cluster state structures, between spin qubits repeatedly injected and extracted at the ends of the chain. The cluster states emerge from the natural evolution of the system across different excitation number sectors. We discuss the decohering effects of errors in the injection and extraction process as well as the effects of fabrication and random errors.

Ronke, R; Spiller, T P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Knitting distributed cluster state ladders with spin chains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There has been much recent study on the application of spin chains to quantum state transfer and communication. Here we discuss the utilisation of spin chains (set up for perfect quantum state transfer) for the knitting of distributed cluster state structures, between spin qubits repeatedly injected and extracted at the ends of the chain. The cluster states emerge from the natural evolution of the system across different excitation number sectors. We discuss the decohering effects of errors in the injection and extraction process as well as the effects of fabrication and random errors.

R. Ronke; I. D'Amico; T. P. Spiller

2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

458

Polarizing a stored proton beam by spin flip?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss polarizing a proton beam in a storage ring, either by selective removal or by spin flip of the stored ions. Prompted by recent, conflicting calculations, we have carried out a measurement of the spin flip cross section in low-energy electron-proton scattering. The experiment uses the cooling electron beam at COSY as an electron target. The measured cross sections are too small for making spin flip a viable tool in polarizing a stored beam. This invalidates a recent proposal to use co-moving polarized positrons to polarize a stored antiproton beam.

D. Oellers; L. Barion; S. Barsov; U. Bechstedt; P. Benati; S. Bertelli; D. Chiladze; G. Ciullo; M. Contalbrigo; P. F. Dalpiaz; J. Dietrich; N. Dolfus; S. Dymov; R. Engels; W. Erven; A. Garishvili; R. Gebel; P. Goslawski; K. Grigoryev; H. Hadamek; A. Kacharava; A. Khoukaz; A. Kulikov; G. Langenberg; A. Lehrach; P. Lenisa; N. Lomidze; B. Lorentz; G. Macharashvili; R. Maier; S. Martin; S. Merzliakov; I. N. Meshkov; H. O. Meyer; M. Mielke; M. Mikirtychiants; S. Mikirtychiants; A. Nass; M. Nekipelov; N. N. Nikolaev; M. Nioradze; G. d'Orsaneo; M. Papenbrock; D. Prasuhn; F. Rathmann; J. Sarkadi; R. Schleichert; A. Smirnov; H. Seyfarth; J. Sowinski; D. Spoelgen; G. Stancari; M. Stancari; M. Statera; E. Steffens; H. J. Stein; H. Stockhorst; H. Straatmann; H. Stroeher; M. Tabidze; G. Tagliente; P. Thoerngren Engblom; S. Trusov; A. Vasilyev; Chr. Weidemann; D. Welsch; P. Wieder; P. Wuestner; P. Zupranski

2009-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

459

Nuclear spin qubits in a trapped-ion quantum computer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical systems must fulfill a number of conditions to qualify as useful quantum bits (qubits) for quantum information processing, including ease of manipulation, long decoherence times, and high fidelity readout operations. Since these conditions are hard to satisfy with a single system, it may be necessary to combine different degrees of freedom. Here we discuss a possible system, based on electronic and nuclear spin degrees of freedom in trapped ions. The nuclear spin yields long decoherence times, while the electronic spin, in a magnetic field gradient, provides efficient manipulation, and the optical transitions of the ions assure a selective and efficient initialization and readout.

M. Feng; Y. Y. Xu; F. Zhou; D. Suter

2009-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

460

Equivalence of string and fusion loop-spin structures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of the fusion relation of loops was recognized in the context of spin structures on the loop space by Stolz and Teichner and further developed by Waldorf. On a spin manifold M the equivalence classes of `fusive' spin structures on the loop space LM, incorporating the fusion property, strong regularity and reparameterization-invariance, are shown to be in 1-1 correspondence with equivalence classes of string structures on M. The identification is through the affine space of `string' cohomology classes considered by Redden.

Chris Kottke; Richard Melrose

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "magic angle spinning" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Calculation and Analysis of Optimal Tilt Angle for PV/T Hybrid Collector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of solar energy received world wide attention in recent years. Solar energy is a free and clean natural resource which can be utilized by using a solar collector. In this paper, a model was presented for the calculation