Sample records for macau maldives mongo

  1. MongoDB at NERSC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTIONES2008-54174 This manuscript has beenMongoDB

  2. Maldives: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose Bend < MHKconvertersource History View NewWindMalaysia:Maldives:

  3. Development of an Archival Management Workflow: the Macau Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Si, Yain Whar "Lawrence"

    asset. Although more and more recent archival management systems are designed for preserving digitized significantly depends on human decision and implicit knowledge. Archival management processes are best suitedDevelopment of an Archival Management Workflow: the Macau Case Veng-Ian Chan Faculty of Science

  4. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  5. Last resorts : a tour guide to territorial protection for the Republic of the Maldives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sleeper, Buck (Thomas Buck)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A two meter rise in sea levels projected by the end of this century threatens the sovereignty of the Maldivian nation state. While flight from the Maldives to establish a new homeland elsewhere has been proposed, the culture ...

  6. Maldives-NREL Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez Pueblo Area (DOEMak-Ban /ManagementMalcolm Pirnie

  7. Maldives-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez Pueblo Area (DOEMak-Ban /ManagementMalcolm

  8. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez Pueblo Area (DOEMak-Ban /ManagementMalcolm Pirnie(SREP)

  9. Vehicular fuel composition and atmospheric emissions in South China: Hong Kong, Macau, Guangzhou, and Zhuhai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsai, W. Y; Chan, L. Y; Blake, D. R; Chu, K. W

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the importance of running evaporative loss from gasoline-2003 resulted from running evaporative losses of LPG. These

  10. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Italy Japan Kuwait Luxembourg Malta Netherlands NetherlandsMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius MexicoMalaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritius Mexico Mongolia

  11. 1 Copyright 2003 by ASME Proceedings of Congress 2003

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghajar, Afshin J.

    of natural gas and oil in flowlines and wellbores, the knowledge of nonboiling two-phase, two of Science and Technology, University of Macau, Macau. P. O. Box 3001, Taipa, Macau, China H. K. Tam. O. Box 3001, Taipa, Macau, China ABSTRACT In many industrial applications, such as the flow

  12. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coal Products ( 0 Exports Imports Laos Lebanon Libya Liechtenstein Macau Malaysia Mauritius Mexico Mongolia (Outer) Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New

  13. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Tschechische Republik 11 7 Türkei 9 5 Turkmenien 3 3 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 7 Ukraine 22 16 Ungarn 1 Uruguay

  14. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    12 4 Turkmenien 1 1 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 5 Uganda 1 Ukraine 22 17 Ungarn 2 1 Uruguay 1 1 USA 6 4

  15. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Tschechische Republik 10 9 Türkei 13 6 Turkmenien 3 3 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 6 Uganda 1 Ukraine 22 18 Ungarn

  16. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Republik 6 6 Türkei 12 2 Turkmenien 1 1 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 6 Uganda 1 Ukraine 19 15 Ungarn 4 3

  17. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Tschechische Republik 9 7 Türkei 12 6 Turkmenien 3 3 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 7 Ukraine 19 15 Ungarn 1 Uruguay

  18. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Turkmenien 2 1 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 5 Ukraine 18 14 Ungarn 3 1 Uruguay 1 1 USA 4 2 Usbekistan 3 2

  19. EMAU Greifswald Studierende Kpfe (Auslnder) nach Staatsangehrigkeit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    6 4 Tunesien 2 1 Türkei 19 7 Übriges Asi.(Macau,Palä.) 3 Ukraine 18 14 Ungarn 3 1 USA 5 3 Usbekistan

  20. Mali-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  1. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  2. Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Countries (SREP)1 Ethiopia Specific Documents2 Honduras Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal...

  3. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guyana Indonesia Jordan Kazakhstan Kyrgyz Republic Laoof Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Macedonia, FYR MaldivesJamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Kuwait Kyrgyz

  4. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maldives San Marino Bahamas Malta Sao Tome & PrincipePapua New Guinea, Bahamas*, Malta* Bolivia, Cyprus, Jamaica,Slovenia, Cape Verde*, Malta* Poland, Slovenia, Mongolia,

  5. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius MexicoItaly Ukraine Trinidad and Tobago Malta New Zealand IcelandCyprus Germany Greece Malta Freq. Country Sweden Finland

  6. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  7. Dynamic Modeling and Optimization of a Decoupled XY Flexure Parallel Micro-Manipulator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    and Yangmin Li2 1 Department of Electromechanical Engineering, University of Macau, Macao SAR, China (Tel of Macau, Macao SAR, China (Tel: +853-83974464; E-mail: ymli@umac.mo) Abstract: The architecture, a decoupled stage with proper calibrations is preferred [3]. Generally, a decoupled stage means that one

  8. Optimal Design and Fabrication of a Piezoactuated Flexure XYZ Parallel Micropositioning Stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    and Technology, University of Macau, Av. Padre Tom´as Pereira, Taipa, Macao SAR, P. R. China. Corresponding not be realized, a decoupled XYZ stage with proper calibrations is preferred [3]. Moreover, a decoupled stage

  9. Design of a New Decoupled XYZ Compliant Parallel Micropositioning Stage with Compact Structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    , University of Macau, Av. Padre Tom´as Pereira, Taipa, Macao SAR, China qsxu@umac.mo, ymli@umac.mo Delta can not be realized, a decoupled XYZ stage with proper calibrations is preferred. Moreover

  10. Novel Design of a Totally Decoupled Flexure-Based XYZ Parallel Micropositioning Stage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yangmin

    of Macau, Av. Padre Tom´as Pereira, Taipa, Macao SAR, P.R.China, Corresponding author: ymli with proper calibrations is preferred. Moreover, a decoupled stage will benefit the controller design process

  11. Cursos Oficiales ETSII-URJC Obtn tu Diploma con los nuevos cursos de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rey Juan Carlos, Universidad

    REST Http y JSON Cliente API REST en Java Spring: Inyección de dependencias y JavaConfig Servicios REST con Spring MVC MongoDB Spring Data Testing Servicios cloud computing: APIs REST para). Precio: 69 Profesores: Micael Gallego y Francisco Gortázar Arquitectura orientada a servicios con APIs

  12. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rep. Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Rep.Japan Spain Switzerland Poland Croatia Maldives TurkmenistanSeychelles China Costa Rica Croatia Grenada Ireland Italy

  13. One source of uncertainty in fishery assessments based on tag release and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    tagging experi- ment in which 504 skipjack tuna, Kat- suwonus pelamis, were double tagged, by using pelamis, off the Maldives M. Shiham Adam Renewable Resources Assessment Group T. H. Huxley School

  14. Population dynamics and movements of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the Maldivian fishery: analysis of tagging data from an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Population dynamics and movements of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the Maldivian fishery du listao (Katsuwonus pelamis) dans la pêcherie des Maldives : analyse des données de marquage au

  15. China reala Assinado protocolo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Cavaco na China realça papel de emigrantes em Macau Assinado protocolo para promover trocas entre portugueses "é factor essencial para a valorização das relações" com a China. "Podemos teste- munhar o sucesso China. Para o Presidente, cada emigrante por- tuguês é "um verdadeiro embai- xador de Portugal, um

  16. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning hydrological cycle, in particular the mountain cryospheric reservoirs and the fresh water supply, which in turn hundred scientists from around the world gathered in the Maldives, located in the northern Indian Ocean

  17. NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/natureclimatechange 1 opinion & comment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    by humans in a globalized, interconnected and interdependent world -- the Anthropocene1 . Large-scale global, the United Kingdom and the United States) and +5 (Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa) countries. Also, Brazil Canada China France Germany India Italy Japan Mexico Russia South Africa UK USA Maldives

  18. Climatic Research Unit University of East Anglia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    studies:the Maldives, Australia and the Mediterranean. Climate Change andTourism www January, 2000, University of Surrey). These publications review the impacts of climate change for a wide range of international holiday destinations visited by UK tourists. The impacts of climate change

  19. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    LePoer, B.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  20. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.R.

    1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  1. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  2. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 3). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  3. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 1). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  4. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 2). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent; Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  5. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia (part 4). Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curtiss, E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monthly (previously annual, semiannual, and quarterly) bibliography series contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to the countries of the Indian subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research on the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned.

  6. Monitor D-Tacq Data Acquisition Cards

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTIONES2008-54174 This manuscript has beenMongoDBCPCI

  7. Pharmacogenomics and the Yin/Yang actions of ginseng: anti-tumor, angiomodulating and steroid-like activities of ginsenosides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, Patrick Ying Kit; Mak, Nai Ki; Cheng, Yuen Kit; Leung, Kar Wah; Ng, Tzi Bun; Fan, Tai-Ping; Yeung, Hin Wing; Wong, Ricky Ngok Shun

    2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    , Tennis Court Road, CB2 1PD, UK and 5International Society for Chinese Medicine, A & C, 1st floor, Block 2, University of Macau, Av. Padre Tomas Pereira, Taipa, Macao SAR, China Email: Patrick Ying Kit Yue - patrick@hkbu.edu.hk; Nai Ki Mak - nkmak... 's sarcoma Neoplasms Psoriasis Ulcer Skin Dysfunctional uterine bleeding Endometriosis Neoplasms Placental insufficiency Cancer Reproductive system Rheumatoid arthritis Bones, joints Ulcer Cancer Crohn's disease Digestive systemPage 8 of 21 (page number...

  8. THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER VS STUDENT CENTERED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON THE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SIXTH GRADE THAI STUDENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khuvasanond, Kirati

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    : Function/ Use of vocabulary 118 Appendix B: Students Posttest : Spelling 120 Appendix B2: Students Posttest : Meaning 121 Appendix B3: Students Posttest : : Function/ Use of vocabulary 122 viii Appendix C: Students Vocabulary List 124.... The Expanding Circle e.g. Bhutan (1,1614) Brunet (260) China (1,208,841) Fiji (771) Hong Kong (5,838) Indonesia (194,615) Japan (124,815) Maldives (246) Mayanmar (45,555) Nepal (21,350) Thailand (58,183) South Korea (44,563) The Outer Circle...

  9. Assessment of transboundary environmental effects in the Pearl River Delta Region: Is there a role for strategic environmental assessment?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marsden, Simon, E-mail: simon.marsden@flinders.edu.au

    2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    China's EIA Law does not require transboundary proposals to be assessed, despite recognition of this globally, for example in the Espoo Convention and Kiev Protocol, and in the European EIA and SEA Directives. In a transboundary context assessment within a state is unusual, as regulating these effects is primarily about the relationship between states. However where a state has more than one legal system such as in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) Region of southern China, transboundary effects should also be addressed. Yet despite the geographical connections between Guangdong Province in mainland China (where the EIA Law applies) and the Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions (which have their own provisions, neither of which requires transboundary assessments), EIA and SEA are carried out separately. Coordinated or joint approaches to transboundary assessment are generally absent, with the legal autonomy of Hong Kong and Macau a major constraint. As a result institutional responses at the policy level have developed. The article considers global experiences with regulating transboundary EIA and SEA, and analyses potential application to land use, transport and air and water planning in the PRD Region. If applied, benefits may include prevention or mitigation of cumulative effects, broader public participation, and improvements to environmental governance. The PRD Region experience may encourage China to conduct and coordinate EIA and SEA processes with neighbouring states, which has been non-existent or extremely limited to date.

  10. Selective, annotated bibliography on the nations of south Asia. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makeig, D.; Ross, R.

    1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bibliography contains citations of monographs and serial articles relating to countries of the Indian Subcontinent: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. The compilation is selective and is intended principally as a reference work for research in the foreign relations, governments, and politics of the nations concerned. The bibliography is divided into country sections preceded initially by a general interest and reference section. This first issue covers material published or copyrighted in 1981. Wherever the hard copy of the material being cited could be obtained, a brief abstract, review or summary is presented with the citation. Where existence of a work was reported or verified (e.g., through publishers` notices, review articles, etc.) but a hard copy could not be obtained, the article/book is merely cited without further description. All listings are by author, last name first, except where the author is unknown. In such cases, the work is listed by title.

  11. Cooperative Monitoring Center Occasional Paper/11: Cooperative Environmental Monitoring in the Coastal Regions of India and Pakistan

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajen, Gauray

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cessation of hostilities between India and Pakistan is an immediate need and of global concern, as these countries have tested nuclear devices, and have the capability to deploy nuclear weapons and long-range ballistic missiles. Cooperative monitoring projects among neighboring countries in South Asia could build regional confidence, and, through gradual improvements in relations, reduce the threat of war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This paper discusses monitoring the trans-border movement of flow and sediment in the Indian and Pakistani coastal areas. Through such a project, India and Pakistan could initiate greater cooperation, and engender movement towards the resolution of the Sir Creek territorial dispute in their coastal region. The Joint Working Groups dialogue being conducted by India and Pakistan provides a mechanism for promoting such a project. The proposed project also falls within a regional framework of cooperation agreed to by several South Asian countries. This framework has been codified in the South Asian Seas Action Plan, developed by Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. This framework provides a useful starting point for Indian and Pakistani cooperative monitoring in their trans-border coastal area. The project discussed in this paper involves computer modeling, the placement of in situ sensors for remote data acquisition, and the development of joint reports. Preliminary computer modeling studies are presented in the paper. These results illustrate the cross-flow connections between Indian and Pakistani coastal regions and strengthen the argument for cooperation. Technologies and actions similar to those suggested for the coastal project are likely to be applied in future arms control and treaty verification agreements. The project, therefore, serves as a demonstration of cooperative monitoring technologies. The project will also increase people-to-people contacts among Indian and Pakistani policy makers and scientists. In the perceptions of the general public, the project will crystallize the idea that the two countries share ecosystems and natural resources, and have a vested interest in increased collaboration.

  12. Promoting system-level learning from project-level lessons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jong, Amos A. de, E-mail: amosdejong@gmail.com [Innovation Management, Utrecht (Netherlands); Runhaar, Hens A.C., E-mail: h.a.c.runhaar@uu.nl [Section of Environmental Governance, Utrecht University, Utrecht (Netherlands); Runhaar, Piety R., E-mail: piety.runhaar@wur.nl [Organisational Psychology and Human Resource Development, University of Twente, Enschede (Netherlands); Kolhoff, Arend J., E-mail: Akolhoff@eia.nl [The Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment, Utrecht (Netherlands); Driessen, Peter P.J., E-mail: p.driessen@geo.uu.nl [Department of Innovation and Environment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A growing number of low and middle income nations (LMCs) have adopted some sort of system for environmental impact assessment (EIA). However, generally many of these EIA systems are characterised by a low performance in terms of timely information dissemination, monitoring and enforcement after licencing. Donor actors (such as the World Bank) have attempted to contribute to a higher performance of EIA systems in LMCs by intervening at two levels: the project level (e.g. by providing scoping advice or EIS quality review) and the system level (e.g. by advising on EIA legislation or by capacity building). The aims of these interventions are environmental protection in concrete cases and enforcing the institutionalisation of environmental protection, respectively. Learning by actors involved is an important condition for realising these aims. A relatively underexplored form of learning concerns learning at EIA system-level via project level donor interventions. This 'indirect' learning potentially results in system changes that better fit the specific context(s) and hence contribute to higher performances. Our exploratory research in Ghana and the Maldives shows that thus far, 'indirect' learning only occurs incidentally and that donors play a modest role in promoting it. Barriers to indirect learning are related to the institutional context rather than to individual characteristics. Moreover, 'indirect' learning seems to flourish best in large projects where donors achieved a position of influence that they can use to evoke reflection upon system malfunctions. In order to enhance learning at all levels donors should thereby present the outcomes of the intervention elaborately (i.e. discuss the outcomes with a large audience), include practical suggestions about post-EIS activities such as monitoring procedures and enforcement options and stimulate the use of their advisory reports to generate organisational memory and ensure a better information dissemination.