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Sample records for lunda luo kenya

  1. PROFESSOR JIAN LUO Department of NanoEngineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fainman, Yeshaiahu

    materials/coatings for applications in nuclear power generation systems and clean coal technologies. Luo-degree program), Electronics and Computer Technology, Tsinghua University Research Interests: Luo's research

  2. Prof Xiaoyu Luo School of Mathematics and Statis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Xiaoyu

    2 3 Contact: Prof Xiaoyu Luo School of Mathematics and Statis- tics The University of Glasgow: Prof Xiaoyu Luo School of Mathematics and Statis- tics The University of Glasgow Glasgow G12 8QQ xiaoyu

  3. Ye Luo | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAboutXu Named MineralogicalComplexSecurity/UTAna MooreYe Luo

  4. Wireless Multicasting via Iterative Optimization Lihua Wan and Jie Luo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, J. Rockey

    Wireless Multicasting via Iterative Optimization Lihua Wan and Jie Luo Electrical & Computer}@engr.colostate.edu Abstract-- A class of wireless multicast utility optimization problems are considered. Assume network in a wireless network can be characterized using a configuration graph. Network layer utility optimization can

  5. Shape Memory Assisted Self-Healing Coating Xiaofan Luo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Shape Memory Assisted Self-Healing Coating Xiaofan Luo and Patrick T. Mather* Department and characterization of new shape memory assisted self- healing (SMASH) coatings. The coatings feature a phase in a shape memory epoxy matrix. Mechanical damage to the coating can be self-healed via heating, which

  6. Christie Ziegler ,,12 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the typical home that people of Kenya lived in. This would house an entire family, which sometimes reached up six weeks in Marigat, Kenya where I lived and worked with Franciscan nuns, along with two classmates, dry weather. It was considered "winter" while we were there, but temperatures ranged from the mid

  7. Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) (Redirected from Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change in Kenya (StARCK)) Jump to:...

  8. The (Hidden) Costs of Political Instability: Evidence from Kenya'?s 2007 Election Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dupas, Pascaline; Robinson, Jon

    2012-01-01

    Ministry of Health, and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya DemographicMaryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro. [23] Chen, Li et al. (

  9. Deep Representation Learning with Target Coding , Ping Luo2,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Deep Representation Learning with Target Coding Shuo Yang1 , Ping Luo2,1 , Chen Change Loy1 consider the problem of learning deep represen- tation when target labels are available. In this paper, we in deep networks. Specifically, we found that distributed binary code with error correcting capability

  10. Service Outage Based Power and Rate Allocation Jianghong Luo, Lang Lin, Roy Yates, and Predrag Spasojevic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yates, Roy

    1 Service Outage Based Power and Rate Allocation Jianghong Luo, Lang Lin, Roy Yates, and Predrag Spasojevi´c Abstract--This paper combines the concepts of ergodic capac- ity and capacity versus outage for fading channels, and explores variable rate transmissions under a service outage constraint in a block

  11. Challenges and opportunities in synthetic biology for chemical engineers Yunzi Luo a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    Challenges and opportunities in synthetic biology for chemical engineers Yunzi Luo a , Jung-Kul Lee c , Huimin Zhao a,b,n a Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Illinois, United States c Department of Chemical Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, South Korea H I G H

  12. Fast-ion D measurements and simulations in quiet plasmas Y. Luo and W. W. Heidbrink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidbrink, William W.

    Fast-ion D measurements and simulations in quiet plasmas Y. Luo and W. W. Heidbrink University deuterium fast ions is measured in magnetohydrodynamics MHD -quiescent, magnetically confined plasmas during neutral beam injection. A weighted Monte Carlo simulation code models the fast-ion D spectra based

  13. An MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    their operations prone to high demand charges. In fact, demand control has been used in residential power systemsAn MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar* , Joseph Sottile linear programming formulation for load-side control of electrical energy demand. The formulation

  14. A thermally responsive, rigid, and reversible adhesive Xiaofan Luo, Kathryn E. Lauber 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    A thermally responsive, rigid, and reversible adhesive Xiaofan Luo, Kathryn E. Lauber 1 , Patrick T: Reversible adhesive Solid adhesive Thermally responsive polymer a b s t r a c t In this paper we present the development of a unique self-adhesive material that, unlike conventional adhesives, maintains a high degree

  15. Mechanism Design and Implementation for Lung Exchange Suiqian Luo and Pingzhong Tang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Pingzhong

    Mechanism Design and Implementation for Lung Exchange Suiqian Luo and Pingzhong Tang Institute@tsinghua.edu.cn Abstract We explore the mechanism design problem for lung exchange and its implementation in practice. We prove that determining whether there exists a non- trivial solution of the lung exchange problem is NP

  16. Surrogates for Government? NGOs and the State in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brass, Jennifer Naomi

    2010-01-01

    cassava. - Supply non?GMO seedlings to farmers. -against the allowance of GMO seeds and produce in Kenya. -

  17. 2014;74:3603-3616. Published OnlineFirst May 1, 2014.Cancer Res Man-Li Luo, Chang Gong, Chun-Hau Chen, et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieberman, Judy

    2014;74:3603-3616. Published OnlineFirst May 1, 2014.Cancer Res Man-Li Luo, Chang Gong, Chun to Promote Cancer Stem­like Cell Traits in Breast Cancer Man-Li Luo1 , Chang Gong4 , Chun-Hau Chen1 , Daniel

  18. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    Stock 15800 Net Kerosene LPG (Cylinders) Prem I Heavy :!!?country wide kerosene and LPG consumption from Kenya Shell.with the exception of LPG, have increased considerablyz

  19. Connective Power: Solar Electrification and Social Change in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    development, Africa, Kenya 1. INTRODUCTION Solar electrification has emerged as a leading alternative to grid prevalent in house- holds with the small solar photovoltaic (PV) systems (

  20. Prototyping Fast, Simple, Secure Switches for Ethane Jianying Luo, Justin Pettit, Martin Casado, John Lockwood, Nick McKeown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Prototyping Fast, Simple, Secure Switches for Ethane Jianying Luo, Justin Pettit, Martin Casado for Ethane: A clean- slate approach to managing and securing enterprise net- works. The goal of Ethane to manage. Ethane is built on the premise that the only way to manage and secure networks is to make sure we

  1. Prototyping Fast, Simple, Secure Switches for Ethane Jianying Luo, Justin Pettit, Martin Casado, John Lockwood, Nick McKeown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKeown, Nick

    Prototyping Fast, Simple, Secure Switches for Ethane Jianying Luo, Justin Pettit, Martin Casado proposed Ethane: A clean-slate approach to managing and securing enterprise networks. The goal of Ethane to manage. Ethane is built on the premise that the only way to manage and secure networks is to make sure we

  2. Kenya SWERA-Country Report.pdf

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware: EnergyInformationBecoming aKENYA

  3. Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatinKenya: Energy Resources Jump to:

  4. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    and commercial uses" of oil products as given by the 1978as net i.mports of oil products. Electric power productionfrom Kenya is refined oil products, energy for which is

  5. Prospects for grid-connected solar PV in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rose, Amy Michelle

    2013-01-01

    Kenya's electric power system is heavily reliant on hydropower, leaving it vulnerable during recurring droughts. Supply shortfalls are currently met through the use of expensive leased diesel generation. Therefore, plans ...

  6. Appropriate water treatment for the Nyanza Province of Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alekal, Pragnya Y. (Pragnya Yogesh), 1977-

    2005-01-01

    In 2000 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in conjunction with CARE International began working with several local non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in the Nyanza Province of Kenya to reduce the rate ...

  7. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    o One important energy intensive export from Kenya isdata is the energy bound up in imports and exports. goods orand 56 X 10 6 exports. Estimating average energy intem>ity

  8. Transaction Networks: Evidence from Mobile Money in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jack, William

    Mobile money allows households in Kenya to spread risk more efficiently. In this paper we show that these efficiencies are achieved through deeper financial integration and expanded informal networks. Active networks are ...

  9. Malaria mosquito control using edible fish in western Kenya: preliminary findings of a controlled study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howard, Annabel F; Zhou, Guofa; Omlin, Francois X

    2007-01-01

    of Kenya so acceptance by both the local communities and theacceptance of this malaria control method since the local

  10. SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE, NOVEMBER 2006 SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    , Kenya was the focus of numerous donor-driven projects in household energy, solar power, and other formsSEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE, NOVEMBER 2006 1 SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE BY ROB BAILIS, CHARLES KIRUBI AND ARNE JACOBSON SEARCHING

  11. Learning to Export: Building farmers' capabilities through partnerships in Kenya LEARNING TO EXPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Learning to Export: Building farmers' capabilities through partnerships in Kenya Bolo, M.O LEARNING TO EXPORT: BUILDING FARMERS' CAPABILITIES THROUGH PARTNERSHIPS IN KENYA'S FLOWER INDUSTRY Maurice Ochieng the participation of smallholder farmers, the government of Kenya is promoting `farmer ­ exporter' partnerships

  12. Trends in the clinical characteristics of HIV-infected patients initiating antiretroviral therapy in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania between 2002 and 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    therapy in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania between 2002 and 2009.therapy in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania between 2002 and 20092009 in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania and in the International

  13. Chopper: Partitioning Models into 3D-Printable Parts Linjie Luo1,2 Ilya Baran3 Szymon Rusinkiewicz1 Wojciech Matusik4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Popovic, Jovan

    to be printed must fit into the working volume of the 3D printer. We propose a framework, called Chopper time, the maximum size of an object that a 3D printer can produce in one pass (the printing volumeChopper: Partitioning Models into 3D-Printable Parts Linjie Luo1,2 Ilya Baran3 Szymon Rusinkiewicz1

  14. Insecticide-treated net (ITN) ownership, usage, and malaria transmission in the highlands of western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Survey, 2003. Ministry of Health Kenya, and ORC Macro.Maryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro; 2004. Noor AM, Amin AA,

  15. Limited Insurance Within the Household: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Jonathan

    2008-01-01

    of Health (MOH), and ORC Macro (2004). Kenya Demographic andMaryland: CBS, MOH, and ORC Macro. [10] Charness, Gary and

  16. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  17. Imbalances in the Modernization and Promotion of the Swahili Language in East Africa: The Case of Kenya and Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryanga, Sheila

    1990-01-01

    wa Kiswahili ra Ushairi Tanzania." It is an au1000mous bodyAFRICA: TIIE CASE OF KENYA AND TANZANIA by Sheila Ryanga bi:organized between Tanzania and Kenya have focussed on the

  18. The alternative of Chinese aid in Africa : impacts of China's development strategy through Chinese aid, finance, and firms in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mullin, Deborah Wei

    2009-01-01

    This thesis examines the differences of Chinese and Western aid implementation and its effects in Africa though the case study of Chinese aid and finance for road development in Kenya. Today, Kenya receives tangible benefits ...

  19. Re-Placing Faith: Reconsidering the Secular-Religious Use Divide in the United States and Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aoki, Paul M.

    Re-Placing Faith: Reconsidering the Secular-Religious Use Divide in the United States and Kenya in urban centers in the United States and Kenya. The contributions of this work for the CHI/CSCW community countries, including key "emerging markets" such as Brazil, Nigeria and Kenya, the recent growth

  20. Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya By Katherine Deaton Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power inKenya Energy System Development inAfrica: The case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya by Katherine Steel Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  1. Background Paper: Politics and Interactive Media in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitullah, Winnie V.; Mudhai, Okoth Fred; Mwangi, Sammy

    2015-06-23

    framework, owes its success to the 2006 ICT policy. By early 2012 undersea cables were in place, and the government, in collaboration with the private sector, was working to develop a smart city (Konza), a Technology Park and Innovation Centre close... to the capital city of Nairobi. Other on- going programmes include the Kenya Transparency Communication Infrastructure Programme, data centres (Government Data Centre, Disaster Recovery Centre and National Data Centre), and software and hardware incubation...

  2. doi: 10.1101/pdb.prot080366Cold Spring Harb Protoc; J. Sebastian Espinosa, Joy S. Tea and Liqun Luo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Liqun

    doi: 10.1101/pdb.prot080366Cold Spring Harb Protoc; J. Sebastian Espinosa, Joy S. Tea and Liqun Luo://cshprotocols.cshlp.org/Downloaded from #12;Protocol Mosaic Analysis with Double Markers (MADM) in Mice J. Sebastian Espinosa, Joy S. Tea anti-green fluorescent protein (anti-GFP) (1:500; Aves Labs GFP-1020) Goat anti-Myc (1:200; Novus NB600

  3. Kenya geothermal private power project: A prefeasibility study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-10-01

    Twenty-eight geothermal areas in Kenya were evaluated and prioritized for development. The prioritization was based on the potential size, resource temperature, level of exploration risk, location, and exploration/development costs for each geothermal area. Suswa, Eburru and Arus are found to offer the best short-term prospects for successful private power development. It was found that cost per kill developed are significantly lower for the larger (50MW) than for smaller-sized (10 or 20 NW) projects. In addition to plant size, the cost per kill developed is seen to be a function of resource temperature, generation mode (binary or flash cycle) and transmission distance.

  4. Microsoft Word - Kenya_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy ResourcesDec 2005 WindPRO isMickey HotMicrosemi CorpKenya Final country

  5. Energy system development in Africa : the case of grid and off-grid power in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steel, Katherine Deaton

    2008-01-01

    This research used a combination of a grounded theory approach and system dynamics to study the electric power system in Kenya and to model the feedback at work in the development of the system. The ethnographic study ...

  6. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    2007) “The Off-Grid Lighting Market in Western Kenya: LEDMills (2008) “Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget:The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Business in

  7. What Role Can History Play for the Newly Urbanized Women of Kenya and Tanzania?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landau, Loren B.

    1995-01-01

    for Emplo~nr Riglus in Tanzania (London: The Women's Press,both between Kenya and Tanzania and between urban Eastpeople of South Eastern Tanzania. 6 A comparison with Latin

  8. Living Technology and Development: Agricultural Biotechnology and Civil Society in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harsh, Matthew

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines relationships between science and technology and development, as dened and manifested by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in Kenya whose work involves agricultural biotechnologies. Non-governmental ...

  9. Spatial and temporal Allocation of water and Land Resources for optimal cereal production in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xydi, Afroditi

    2015-01-01

    As the population of the world increases, food security becomes a more pressing issue. This is especially true for Kenya. The country's population is increasing at a very fast rate and food production has not been able to ...

  10. Essays on Dynamics of Cattle Prices in Three Developing Countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bizimana, Jean-Claude

    2012-07-16

    countries of Mali, Kenya, and Tanzania. One way of assessing the efficiency of market and the impacts of liberalization policies is to test for market integration and price transmission. We also analyzed price leadership among the markets in each...

  11. Safe water storage in Kenya's modified clay pot : standardization, tap design, and cost recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Suzanne E

    2005-01-01

    One of the main components necessary for providing safe drinking water for users who lack piped water in the home is the ability to safely store it in the home. Users in the Nyanza Province of Kenya frequently carry water ...

  12. Geopolitical influences on German development policies in Africa and AIDS policies in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachmann, Veit

    2009-06-02

    Control Council (in Kenya) NGO Non Governmental Organization ODA Official Development Assistance PLWHA People Living With HIV/AIDS SPD Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (Socialdemocratic Party of Germany) UN United Nations UNAIDS The Joint...

  13. Kenya Hourly DNI, GHI and Diffuse Solar Data - Datasets - OpenEI...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Kenya Hourly DNI, GHI and Diffuse Solar Data Abstract Each data file is a set of hourly values of solar radiation (DNI, GHI and diffuse) and meteorological elements for a 1-year...

  14. Effects of defoliation frequency and intensity on production of four burned and unburned bushed grassland communities in south central Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Too, Daniel Kipkoech

    1985-01-01

    ) and all communities by treatment and defoliation intensity and treatment within burned and unburned plots on the National Range Research Station, Kiboko, Kenya 32 5 Community X treatment interaction for total production (1982 + 1983) at the National... Station, Kiboko, Kenya 40 LID' OF FIGURES Continued Page 10 Phytomass (live + dead) across all communities by sea- son (1982), treatment and defoliation intensity within burned and unburned plots on the National Range Research Station, Kiboko, Kenya...

  15. LEDS GP Success Story: Fostering Coordinated LEDS Support in Kenya (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-03-01

    The LEDS Global Partnership (LEDS GP) strives to advance climate-resilient, low-emission development through catalyzing collaboration, information exchange, and action on the ground. The Government of Kenya is a key LEDS GP member and offers an inspiring example of how LEDS GP is having an impact globally. The 2012 LEDS Collaboration in Action workshop in London provided an interactive space for members to share experiences on cross-ministerial LEDS leadership and to learn about concrete development impacts of LEDS around the world. Inspired by these stories, the Kenya's Ministry of State for Planning, National Development and Vision 2030 (MPND) began to collaborate closely with the Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources to create strong links between climate change action and development in the country, culminating in the integration of Kenya's National Climate Change Action Plan and the country's Medium Term Development Plan.

  16. Public participation in and learning through SEA in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walker, Heidi, E-mail: heidi.mwalker@yahoo.ca [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada)] [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada); Sinclair, A. John, E-mail: john.sinclair@ad.umanitoba.ca [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 303-70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg R3T 2M6 (Canada); Spaling, Harry, E-mail: harry.spaling@kingsu.ca [Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, The King's University College, 9125-50 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 2H3 (Canada)] [Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, The King's University College, 9125-50 Street, Edmonton, Alberta T6B 2H3 (Canada)

    2014-02-15

    Meaningful public engagement is a challenging, but promising, feature of strategic environmental assessment (SEA) due to its potential for integrating sustainability principles into policies, plans and programs in developing countries such as Kenya. This research examined two selected SEA case studies to identify the extent of participation, learning outcomes attributable to participation, and if any learning outcomes led to social action for sustainability at the community level. Strengths across the two cases were the inclusion of marginalized populations and consideration of socio-economic concerns. Consistent weaknesses included inadequate notice, document inaccessibility, lack of feedback and communication, and late analysis of alternatives. Despite some learning conditions being unfulfilled, examples of instrumental, communicative, and transformative learning were identified through a focus group and semi-structured interviews with community participants and public officials. Some of these learning outcomes led to individual and social actions that contribute to sustainability. -- Highlights: • The strengths and weaknesses of Kenyan SEA public participation processes were identified. • Multiple deficiencies in the SEA process likely frustrate meaningful public engagement. • Participant learning was observed despite process weaknesses. • Participant learning can lead to action for sustainability at the community level.

  17. How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    How Technology Supports Family Communication in Rural, Suburban, and Urban Kenya Erick Oduor1 of Interactive Arts and Technology1 Simon Fraser University 250-13450 102nd Avenue, Surrey BC, Canada [firstname research for sub-Saharan Africa has focused on how technology related interventions have aimed

  18. ADHERENCE TO TREATMENT GUIDELINES FOR THE PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD HIV TRANSMISSION IN KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Kristine Frances

    2012-12-31

    Access to the most effective treatments is not universal and treatment coverage for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) is still low in many countries, including Kenya (WHO, 2010a). To improve uptake of PMTCT to reduce perinatal...

  19. SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY: KENYA'S ENERGY PAST AND FUTURE, NOVEMBER 2006 SEARCHING FOR SUSTAINABILITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , Kenya was the focus of numerous donor-driven projects in household energy, solar power, and other forms-Saharan Africa, per capita fossil fuel consumption has also increased since the Nairobi conference. This growth currently has one of the highest per capita rates of solar photovoltaic (PV) adoption in the developing

  20. Extending broadband past the urban fringe with wireless mesh : a strategic analysis with policy implications for Kenya's Universal Service Fund

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berkoben, Keith A. (Keith Alexander)

    2011-01-01

    As the competitive wholesale cost of bandwidth continues to plummet in Kenya, last-mile networks have become a bottleneck in the extension of affordable broadband outside major cities. In this work we explore the business ...

  1. The Cleveland MuseuM of naTural hisTorY nuMber 56 GEOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF LEMUDONG'O, KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hlusko, Leslea J.

    The Cleveland MuseuM of naTural hisTorY nuMber 56 GEOLOGY AND PALEONTOLOGY OF LEMUDONG'O, KENYA J. Hlusko GEOLOGY, GEOCHEMISTRY, AND STRATIGRAPHY OF THE LEMUDONG'O FORMATION, KENYA RIFT VALLEY 53: Cultural and Physical Anthropology; Archaeology; Botany; Geology; Paleobotany; Invertebrate and Vertebrate

  2. Water availability at farm household level a case study in the Nyando district in South-Western Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water availability at farm household level ­ a case study in the Nyando district in South of Crop Production Ecology Uppsala 2011 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences #12;2 Water: Women collecting water in a well, Onjiko, Kenya. Photo: Erika Näslund Keywords: Water availability

  3. Prophet, Priest and King in Colonial Africa: Anglican and Colonial Political Responses to African Independent Churches in Nigeria and Kenya, 1918-1960 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Thomas Winfield

    2010-11-26

    Many African Independent Churches emerged during the colonial era in central Kenya and western Nigeria. At times they were opposed by government officials and missionaries. Most scholars have limited the field of enquiry to the flash...

  4. Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jenny; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2009-09-14

    Flashlights that use LED technology have quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya. While flashlights do not normally provide a substitute for kerosene and other highly inefficient fuels, they are an important early manifestation of LED lighting in the developing world that can serve as a platform - or deterrent - to the diffusion of the technology into the broader off-grid lighting market. The lead acid batteries embedded in flashlights also represent an important source of hazardous waste, and flashlight durability is thus an important determinant of the rate of waste disposal. Low-cost LED flashlights with prices from $1 to $4 are now widely available in shops and markets throughout Kenya. The increased penetration of LED technology in the flashlight market is significant, as over half of all Kenyan households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). While this shift from conventional incandescent technology to modern LEDs may appear to be a promising development, end users that our research team interviewed expressed a number of complaints about the quality and performance of these new flashlights. This raises concerns about the interests of low-income flashlight users, and it may also indicate the onset of a broader market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007). The quality of low-cost LED flashlights can contribute to market spoiling because these products appear to represent the first contact that most Kenyans have with LED technology. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their experiences, perceptions, and preferences. We focus especially on highlighting common complaints from respondents about the flashlights that they have used, as well as on noting the features that they indicated were important when evaluating the quality of a flashlight. In previous laboratory tests, researchers from our team found a wide range of quality and performance among battery powered LED lights (Granderson, et al. 2008).

  5. Infiltration rates and sediment production of a Kenya bushed grassland as influenced by vegetation and prescribed burning 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheruiyot, Simeon Kibiegon

    1984-01-01

    initially dry and initi- ally at field capacity), organic carbon L, aggre- gate stability (no units) and bulk density (g/cm ) in the study area under different treatments, 1982, Kiboko, Kenya . Dependent (Y) and independent (K) variables used... animals like tsetse flies and ticks. Ash after a fire may have a fertilizer effect which produces vigorous growth and greater forage production (Heady 1960). Burning, whether prescribed or accidental, has the potential to increase soil erosion...

  6. Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jennifer; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2010-02-16

    Flashlight usage is widespread across much of sub-Saharan Africa.1 In Kenya in particular, over half of all households report owning a flashlight (Kamfor, 2002). Aside from household use, flashlights are also widely used to perform income-earning jobs in Kenya. Lumina Research Note No.4, the first report in this series documenting flashlight use in Kenya, highlights flashlight use patterns of night watchmen and bicycle taxi drivers. Both of these are occupations that rely on the use of flashlights on a nightly basis (Tracy et al., 2009). Also highlighted by Research Note No.4, flashlight users in Kenya have reported being highly dissatisfied with the quality of the low-cost LED flashlights that are available, and they identify several reoccurring problems they have faced as flashlight end-users (Tracy et al., 2009). The fact that there exists a substantial dependency upon flashlights in Kenya and that users are disgruntled with the available products suggests reasons for concern about flashlight quality. This concern is present despite two recent technological transitions in the flashlight market. First, LED technology has quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lighting in Kenya, outpacing incandescent flashlights (Johnstone et al., 2009). LED technology has the potential to provide efficiency and performance benefits relative to incandescent bulbs, and low-cost LEDs have achieved price levels that make them cost competitive with conventional lighting sources for a number of applications (Mills, 2005). Second, rechargeable sealed-lead acid (SLA) batteries are also becoming more prevalent alternatives to disposable dry cell batteries. Flashlights using rechargeable SLA batteries tend to have a lower total cost of ownership over a two-year period than a flashlight using dry cell batteries (Radecsky, 2009); however, as this current report highlights, this may vary depending on the intensity of use patterns. To avoid a potential market spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (Mills and Jacobson, 2008; Lighting Africa, 2007) a better understanding of flashlight use-patterns is crucial (Tracy et al., 2009). In addition, the economic implications faced by rural flashlight end-users provide further incentive for a move toward higher quality low-cost flashlights. In this report, our team uses interviews with 46 end users of flashlights to collect information about their use patterns and costs associated with owning and operating flashlight products. While flashlights used in their portable mode typically do not represent a substitute for kerosene or other forms of fuel-based lighting, at times they are used in stationary applications in place of a fuel-based lamp. In either case, these products often represent end users first exposure to LED technology and rechargeable dry cell batteries, and thus stand to either provide a positive or negative impression of these technologies for a diversity of lighting applications.

  7. Water relations strategies of two grass and shrub species as influenced by prescribed burning in a semiarid ecosystem in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Ali Ramadhan

    1984-01-01

    mean was based on an average of 4 dates of each hour of day at the N. R. R. S. , Kiboko, Kenya 1982-83 39 Xylem tension, transpiration rate and diffusive r esistance means for 2 grasses and 2 shrub species from burned and unburned treatments... lilP, C~th 'P ', ~Dt it 1 ~*bl h and Chlor is r oxburghiana were taken from burned and unburned plots at the National Range Research Station, Kiboko, during 1982-83. Results showed that burning had minimal effect on plant water status of the four...

  8. Assessing Development Impacts Associated with Low Emission Development Strategies: Lessons Learned from Pilot Efforts in Kenya and Montenegro

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cox, S.; Katz, J.; Wurtenberger, L.

    2014-01-01

    Low emission development strategies (LEDS) articulate economy-wide policies and implementation plans designed to enable a country to meet its long-term development objectives while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. A development impact assessment tool was developed to inform an analytically robust and transparent prioritization of LEDS actions based on their economic, social, and environmental impacts. The graphical tool helps policymakers communicate the development impacts of LEDS options and identify actions that help meet both emissions reduction and development goals. This paper summarizes the adaptation and piloting of the tool in Kenya and Montenegro. The paper highlights strengths of the tool and discusses key needs for improving it.

  9. An analysis of the production and manufacture of the modified clay pot at the Oriang Women's Pottery Group, the Amilo-Rangwe Pottery Group, and the Kinda E Teko Pottery Group in Nyanza Province, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pihulic, Michael P. (Michael Phillip), 1982-

    2005-01-01

    In response to the growing demands for safe water supplies and the absence of a central infrastructure capable of meeting those demands, CARE-Kenya has implemented a safe water storage program at the household level. Central ...

  10. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Radecsky, Kristen; Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2008-12-14

    superior lighting services to low income people in off-grid areas of developing countries, many of whom currently rely on fuel based lighting sources such as kerosene. If this potential is to be achieved in the near term, however, manufacturers must produce off-grid lighting products that are inexpensive, perform well, and meet the needs of potential end users. At present, relatively few products meet all three of these goals. In this article, we report results from a detailed study of lighting use by micro-enterprises in two small towns in Kenya's Rift Valley Province. The work included a survey about lighting use by 50 small businesses, careful measurements of kerosene lighting use patterns and associated costs for 23 of these businesses, and a subsequent field trial in which 14 of the 23 businesses purchased and used low cost LED lamps over a number of months.

  11. Microsoft Word - luo-y1.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OFDetection ofOctober10 Years of AERI DataNext

  12. Microsoft Word - luo-y2.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on77 PAGE OFDetection ofOctober10 Years of AERI DataNextTypes

  13. NREL: Energy Sciences - Jun-Wei Luo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on771/6/14RecentGeospatial Analysis To performNews BelowDanielJun-Wei

  14. Sediment infill within rift basins: Facies distribution and effects of deformation: Examples from the Kenya and Tanganyika Rifts, East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tiercelin, J.J.; Lezzar, K.E. ); Richert, J.P. )

    1994-07-01

    Oil is known from lacustrine basins of the east African rift. The geology of such basins is complex and different depending on location in the eastern and western branches. The western branch has little volcanism, leading to long-lived basins, such as Lake Tanganyika, whereas a large quantity of volcanics results in the eastern branch characterized by ephemeral basins, as the Baringo-Bogoria basin in Kenya. The Baringo-Bogoria basin is a north-south half graben formed in the middle Pleistocene and presently occupied by the hypersaline Lake Bogoria and the freshwater Lake Baringo. Lake Bogoria is fed by hot springs and ephemeral streams controlled by grid faults bounding the basin to the west. The sedimentary fill is formed by cycles of organic oozes having a good petroleum potential and evaporites. On the other hand, and as a consequence of the grid faults, Lake Baringo is fed by permanent streams bringing into the basin large quantities of terrigenous sediments. Lake Tanganyika is a meromictic lake 1470 m deep and 700 km long, of middle Miocene age. It is subdivided into seven asymmetric half grabens separated by transverse ridges. The sedimentary fill is thick and formed by organic oozes having a very good petroleum potential. In contrast to Bogoria, the lateral distribution of organic matter is characterized by considerable heterogeneity due to the existence of structural blocks or to redepositional processes.

  15. Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Mumbi, Maina

    2009-02-11

    The notion of"productive use" is often invoked in discussions about whether new technologies improve productivity or otherwise enhance commerce in developing-country contexts. It an elusive concept,especially when quantitative measures are sought. Improved and more energy efficient illumination systems for off-gridapplication--the focus of the Lumina Project--provide a case in which a significant productivity benefit can be imagined, given the importance of light to the successful performance of many tasks, and the very low quality of baseline illumination provided by flame-based source. This Research Note summarizes self-reported quantitative and qualitative impacts of switching to LED lighting technology on the prosperity of night-market business owners and operators. The information was gathered in the context of our 2008 market testing field work in Kenya?s Rift Valley Province, which was performed in the towns of Maai Mahiu and Karagita by Arne Jacobson, Kristen Radecsky, Peter Johnstone, Maina Mumbi, and others. Maai Mahiu is a crossroads town; provision of services to travelers and freight carriers is a primary income source for the residents. In contrast, the primary income for Karagita's residents is from work in the large, factory style flower farms on the eastern shores of Lake Naivasha that specialize in producing cut flowers for export to the European market. According to residents, both towns had populations of 6,000 to 8,000 people in June 2008. We focused on quantifying the economics of fuel-based and LED lighting technology in the context of business use by night market vendors and shop keepers. Our research activities with the business owners and operators included baseline measurement of their fuel-based lighting use, an initial survey, offering for sale data logger equipped rechargeable LED lamps, monitoring the adoption of the LED lamps, and a follow-up survey.

  16. Kenya's New Constitution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kramon, Eric

    On 4 August 2010, Kenyans voted to adopt a new constitution, culminating a process that began as part of a resolution to the violent conflict that followed the December 2007 elections. By reducing executive power, devolving ...

  17. [applications CORNER]Fa-Long Luo and Arye Nehorai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    2006 pproaches in signal process- ing research on digital hearing aids fall into four areas, which, separation, detection, enhancement, modeling, and classification. The first area uses advanced signal, and blind source separation methods. The third area focuses on the real-world use of hearing aids

  18. Cdric Fournet , George Danezis Markulf Kohlweiss, Zhengqin Luo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    ;DemoPreview > ZQL.compile let setup (x, y) = let ox = sample() let oy = sample() let Cx = g^x * h^ox let Cy = g^y * h^oy let sigv = sign sk (concat (eltBytes Cx) (eltBytes Cy)) ((x, ox, Cx), (y, oy, Cy), sigv)) let prover ((x, ox, Cx), (y, oy, Cy), sigv)) = let r = 2*x ­ y let o = 2*ox - oy (Cx

  19. Compact and miniature snapshot imaging polarimeter Haitao Luo,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dereniak, Eustace L.

    School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628, Japan 3 Biomedical Engineering Program to less than 1.5 cm. Two Savart plates are used at the pupil plane to generate multiple fringes to encode create polarization-dependent shearing on the wave- front; the second optical Fourier transform converts

  20. Microsoft PowerPoint - arm_poster_luo2007

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass map shines light on darkMicroorganismsnowReport ARM28GregM.

  1. Melissa Krueger, '06 Salawa, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such an amazing view of the town from our higher altitude, and at night the only light was from the stars or more of travel in the truck on the rough and bumpy roads, #12;which made the journey seem twice as long

  2. Michael Ashamalla, `13 Marigat, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic Mission house would be very difficult. The sisters love to dance! (Sister Veronica and Sister days locations miles from the compound #12;Weighing children was the most common service we One, the children had definitely warmed up to us to say the least. When we would walk in to town, the children would

  3. Christopher Smith `10 MARIGAT, KENYA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at JFK International, my heart raced. I was leaving my home country for the first time and for what. While we were there we lived in a compound with Franciscan Nuns, two of whom ran a mobile health clinic unfavorable weather, hot all year with minimal rainfall, which makes it difficult to raise crops or keep

  4. EAS 34500/B4500 Hydrology Instructor: Prof. Z. Johnny Luo, MR-927, 212-650-8936, luo@sci.ccny.cuny.edu;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolberg, George

    /transpiration, infiltration, streamflow, hydrograph analysis, groundwater, water quality and water pollution. This class and water pollution. Prerequisite: Math 203, Physics 208, or by permission of instructor Textbooks Review Dec 15 Guest lecture by Prof. Pengfei Zhang: Water chemistry & pollution #12;

  5. Kenya Sexual Offences Act Implementation Workshop Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Human Rights Center

    2012-01-01

    Chief Prosecutor of Liberia’s Sexual and Gender-based CrimesA representative from Liberia then noted that from heroffered the example of Liberia, which also has specialized

  6. Commercial Law and Development in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutunga, Willy

    1982-01-01

    communalism, slavery, feudalism, capitalism and communism.the ruins of British feudalism . The bourgeoisie thereafterof commercial law. While under feudalism it had functioned

  7. Campaigns and ethnic polarization in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horowitz, Jeremy

    2012-01-01

    electricity, and water Table 4.3 Performance Messages (percentages) PNU ODM pos neg pos neg Education

  8. Horticultural marketing in Kenya: conduct and performance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutoka, Dickson Teyie

    1981-01-01

    at the wholesale ard Retail Levels. . V. DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS. 35 37 39 40 41 43 45 48 Price Movement Between Markets. . . . . Wholesale Margin Analysis. Nairobi to Mombasa Price Behavior. . Retail Price Behavior 48 52 64 69 VI . SUMMARY... that would ensure that growers, retailers and consumers are getting the services of fruits and vegetable trade at their lowest cost. ". . . The market is congested by vehicles, overcrowded by market participants, with higher trade margins than necessary...

  9. Social Interactions, Ethnicity and Fertility in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iyer, Sriya; Weeks, Melvyn

    ) = ??2 2 (ni ? nj?i)2: (8) (7) represents a proportional spillover form of dependence in the sense that for @Sj1(:)=@ni = ?1n j ?i, strategic complementarities are solely dependent upon the mean level of children ever born within location j. (8... to the proportional spillovers case. If behaving like others confers additional status on a woman, she may desire to conform.11 Note also that although @2Sjl (:) @ni@n j ?i = ?l; l = 1; 2; such that strategic complementarities are captured by a single parameter...

  10. Kenya-DLR Cooperation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware:DLR Cooperation Jump to: navigation,

  11. Nairobi, Kenya: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to: navigation,MeregNIFESpinning Mills Ltd NSML Jump to:

  12. Kenya-GEF Projects | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech WindPageEnergyEnergyGEF

  13. MODELING FOR FREE SURFACE FLOW WITH PHASE CHANGE XIAOYONG LUO, MINGJIU NI, ALICE YING, M. ABDOU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    of the incompressible flow with the heat and mass transfer model. We present a new second- order projection method methodology is successful in modeling the free surface with heat and mass transfer, though some severe surface flow with heat and mass transfer to help resolve feasibility issues encountered

  14. Graphene oxide based conductive glue as a binder for ultracapacitor Jiayan Luo,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jiaxing

    and lithium ion batteries hold great promise to be used as main energy storage devices for renewable energy applica- tions, such as wind turbines or photovoltaics.21 Compared with lithium ion batteries, ultracapacitors offer a superior cycling life (>10k charge­discharge cycles vs. $ a thousand for batteries

  15. Min-max Transfer Capability: A New Concept D. Gan X. Luo D. V. Bourcier

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a DC load flow setting. A generalization of the algorithm to problems using an AC load flow is briefly, Optimization, Transfer Capability Introduction The notion of the transfer capability of a transmission interface is often used by operators for monitoring transmission system security. Traditionally, the maximum

  16. Mining Exceptional Activity Patterns in Microstructure Data Yuming Ou, Longbing Cao, Chao Luo and Li Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Longbing

    surveillance is essential to design market models and business rules, as well as maintain the market integrity {yuming, lbcao, chaoluo, liliu}@it.uts.edu.au Abstract Market Surveillance plays an important role in maintaining market integrity, transparency and fairnesss. The existing trading pattern analysis only focuses

  17. Conductive shape memory nanocomposites for high speed electrical Xiaofan Luo and Patrick T. Mather*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    by combining SMPs with conductive fillers including carbon black,8­11 carbon nanotubes (CNTs),12­14 short carbon fibers,8,10,15 nickel,9,16 and polypyrrole.13,17 A brief summary of previously reported conductive

  18. Subwavelength imaging in photonic crystals Chiyan Luo,* Steven G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139, USA J. B. Pendry Condensed Matter Theory Group, The Blackett Laboratory interest2­16 and generated some heated debate.17­29 In par- ticular, much attention was focused in geometric optics, it is amazing that perfect recovery of evanescent waves may also be achieved via amplified

  19. Towards a more accurate agent-based multi-lane highway Yi Luo and Ladislau Blni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bölöni, Ladislau L

    driving models. The general theme of these improvements is to make the models more agent an unprecedented adoption of computing technologies in the traditionally conservative world of car manufacturing- nance and lane departure warning systems, and automated parking aids. The upcoming standardization

  20. Unsupervised DRG Upcoding Detection in Healthcare Databases Wei Luo and Marcus Gallagher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallagher, Marcus

    that costs hundreds of millions of dollars in many developed countries. DRG upcoding is typically detected healthcare costs are an imminent issue in many developed countries. Data mining techniques can be used of Information Technology & Electrical Engineering The University of Queensland Brisbane, Australia 4072 Email

  1. STRUCTURE OF PENTAKIS (UREA) DIOXOURANIUM(VI)NITRATE LUO2 (OC (NH2)2)5 (NO3) 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalkin, Allan

    2011-01-01

    DIFfERENCES (ALL f(O,O.t» URANYL UREA NITRATE FOB AND FCASTRUCTURE FACTORS CONTINUEC URANYL ~REA NITRATE L FO~ FAG! SFACTORS CO~TINUE& FOf URANYL UREA NITRATE l F[) B PAGE . ,

  2. Measurement of the D spectrum produced by fast ions in DIII-D Y. Luo and W. W. Heidbrink

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidbrink, William W.

    are produced by neutral beam injection and ion cyclotron heating in toroidal magnetic fusion devices diagnostic.3 Fast helium populations during 3 He injection were measured on JET.4 Alpha particles produced measurements6 were made on DIII-D using an existing spectrometer that only measured a portion of the FIDA

  3. GAUSSIAN PROCESS MODELS FOR HRTF BASED 3D SOUND LOCALIZATION Yuancheng Luo, Dmitry N. Zotkin, Ramani Duraiswami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daume III, Hal

    -related transfer function (HRTF) [1]; it is specific to the individual's anthropometry and to the wave direction

  4. STRUCTURE OF PENTAKIS (UREA) DIOXOURANIUM(VI)NITRATE LUO2 (OC (NH2)2)5 (NO3) 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zalkin, Allan

    2011-01-01

    Chemistry University of California Berkeley, California 94720 AUGUST 1978 In our ongoing studies of uranium

  5. Attacks on WebView in the Android System Tongbo Luo, Hao Hao, Wenliang Du, Yifei Wang, and Heng Yin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

    features that are specific to those applications. For example, Facebook Mobile is developed specifically for Facebook to provide an easier and better way--compared to Facebook's web interface--to view Facebook of the actual browsers. Many popular web applica- tions have their dedicated apps, developed in

  6. L3:THM.CFD.P6.02 Hydra-TH Milestone Report Yidong Xia and Hong Luo

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask2 J.N. Shadid, T.M. Smith, R.P.3

  7. L3:THM.CFD.P7.02 Hydra-TH Milestone Report Yidong Xia, Hong Luo,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask2 J.N. Shadid, T.M. Smith, R.P.32

  8. The So-Called National Bourgeoisie in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campbell, Horace

    1979-01-01

    ~ primitive camumism, slavery, feudalism and capitalism wasrot based on slavery or feudalism. This characterisation

  9. Barriers to Electrification for "Under Grid" Households in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    outlook.org/publications/weo-2013/. International Energyoutlook.org/publications/weo-2012/. Jack, William, and

  10. Vascular plant flora of Kiboko Range Research Station, Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ndiang'ui, Ndegwa Wa

    1983-01-01

    total of 463 species and pointed out that the list was far from com- plete. The species were in 141 genera distributed throughout the diverse climatic zones of the country. Much work has been done on the vegetation of East Africa by researchers... in an attempt to compile the "Flora of Tropi- cal East Africa. " Notably among these were Clayton (1970) and Clayton et al. (1974), who did a considerable amount of work in compiling the Gramineae (Poaceae). The "Flora of Tropical East Africa, " which has...

  11. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    shipping busses, The matatus. most significant development is the switch, by Kenyan Railway Corp, from heavy fuel

  12. Busted: Illegal Logging in Kenya Daily Nation Newswire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to sawmillers, charcoal burners and cultivators. He criticised chiefs in the area for failing to stop

  13. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    the contribution of hydro power at its direct thermalpowerplants for power, as is often done. hydro~ LBL~l0538~

  14. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    NAIROBI FUEL OIL DIESEL OIL (HEAVY) If GAS OIL (LIGHT MOTORRailway Corp, from heavy fuel oil to lighter diesel oil,Oil Crude & Prod. , Stock 15800 Net Kerosene LPG (Cylinders) Prem I Heavy :!!?

  15. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    under industry" while crude oil lost in refining appearsOther I I :no (Bagasse) Oil Crude & Prod. , Stock 15800 Netto buy all the crude. The Oil Embargo and subsequent price

  16. Slum upgrading in India and Kenya: investigating the sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cronin, Victoria Louise Molly

    2012-04-10

    facilities ................................................................................. 275 Figure 106 – Langata decanting site ............................................................................................ 275 Figure 107 – Newspaper... – Moving people and belongings from Soweto East to the decanting site ............... 302 Figure 117 – Anti-corruption signage at government offices ..................................................... 303 Figure 118 – Anti-corruption poster displayed...

  17. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    Railway Corp, from heavy fuel oil to lighter diesel oil,NAIROBI FUEL OIL DIESEL OIL (HEAVY) If GAS OIL (LIGHT MOTOROil Crude & Prod. , Stock 15800 Net Kerosene LPG (Cylinders) Prem I Heavy :!!?

  18. ENERGY DEMAND AND CONSERVATION IN KENYA: INITIAL APPRAISAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schipper, Lee

    2013-01-01

    conference "Energy and Environment in East Africa," NairobiEnergy conserving buildings have their axes oriented east-

  19. Kenya Becoming a Geothermal Powerhouse | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware: EnergyInformationBecoming a

  20. Kenya-Developing Energy Enterprises Project (DEEP) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware:DLR Cooperation Jump to:

  1. Kenya-Capital Markets Climate Initiative | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin Public

  2. Kenya-Danish Government Baseline Workstream | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformation

  3. Kenya-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDS Tier I

  4. Kenya-UNDP Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDSAfrica

  5. Kenya-UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDSAfricaGreen

  6. Kenya-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin

  7. Kenya-Climate Technology Initiative Private Financing Advisory Network (CTI

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech WindPage EditKenworthPFAN)

  8. Kenya-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech WindPageEnergyEnergy

  9. Kenya-Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/WintechSmallholder Systems

  10. Kenya-World Bank Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/WintechSmallholder SystemsWorld

  11. The Great Transformation: Looking back on Kenya’s economy to examine the spaces for alternative economies today 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hemdriksen, Kirri

    2014-11-27

    surrounding ‘alternative’ spaces. Using the case study, it finds the notion of alternative to be subjective and dynamic. It finds that some elements of being alternative are more an extension of the market economy rather against it, the term in some cases...

  12. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau » Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  13. RACNet: A High-Fidelity Data Center Sensing Network Chieh-Jan Mike Liang, Jie Liu, Liqian Luo , Andreas Terzis, Feng Zhao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Feng

    footprints and climate change. While advances in component design continue to decrease the power consumption control systems such as Com- puter Room Air Conditioning (CRAC) units, water chillers, and (de)humidifiers

  14. The Composition and Structure of Pd-Au Surfaces C.-W. Yi, K. Luo, T. Wei, and D. W. Goodman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    reforming in the petrochemical industry led to a renewed interest in catalysis by mixed metals.3 Subsequent for facilitating a particular catalytic process. The addition of a second metal may block certain sites

  15. Sampling TCP Data-Path Quality with TCP Data Probes Rocky K. C. Chang, Edmond W. W. Chan, Waiting W. T. Fok, and Xiapu Luo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rocky Kow-Chuen

    the existing tools, OneProbe uses legiti- mate TCP data probes to profile TCP data-path quality by sampling and Hong Kong. 1 Introduction This paper considers active measurement methods for end- to-end paths without controlling the remote endpoint. We refer this class of methods to as solo-active. In contrast, duet

  16. Project #09R: Ying Luo and Niren Murthy: Multifunctional ProflavineHyaluronic Acid Conjugate (PHC): A new siRNA delivery vehicle for treating lung cancer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Suman

    ): A new siRNA delivery vehicle for treating lung cancer siRNA is emerging as the next generation of targeted therapies for lung cancer treatment. In advancing siRNA into clinical trials, safe and effective delivery vehicle, termed ProflavineHyaluronic Acid Conjugate (PHC), which can deliver siRNA to lung cancer

  17. Could Ash Cloud or Deep-Sea Current Overwhelm the Internet? Rocky K. C. Chang, Edmond W. W. Chan, Weichao Li, Waiting W. T. Fok, and Xiapu Luo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rocky Kow-Chuen

    Could Ash Cloud or Deep-Sea Current Overwhelm the Internet? Rocky K. C. Chang, Edmond W. W. Chan Hunghom, Hong Kong, SAR China Abstract In this paper, we are initially set out to evaluate how the ash the ash-cloud news. The paths under our monitoring were overloaded by taking on additional traffic

  18. A Reconstructed Discontinuous Galerkin Method for the Euler Equations...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    accurate, and outperforms the third-order DG method (DG(P2)) in terms of both computing costs and storage requirements. Authors: Hong Luo ; Luqing Luo ; Robert Nourgaliev...

  19. Uranyl Sequestration: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Uranyl Complexes with a Tetradentate Methylterephthalamide Ligand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ni, Chengbao

    2012-01-01

    Me 4 N] 8 [L(UO 2 )] 4 tetramer, formed via coordination ofAddition of KOH to the tetramer gave the corresponding2- forms an unexpected tetramer [L(UO 2 )] 48- , in which

  20. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    types of LEDs varied from power LEDs to low-power 5mm LEDs.had a single highly efficient Power LED and four light levelhad a single highly efficient Power LED and two light level

  1. Causes and Consequences of Employee Turnover in a Financial Institution in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obiero, Dan

    2012-07-16

    Employee turnover is expensive and disruptive to organizations. However not many employers appreciate the value lost in quality of human capital, and dollar value of lost productivity and time due to turnover. This study identified the causes...

  2. Establishment and evaluation of a livestock early warning system for Laikipia, Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryan, Zola

    2005-08-29

    1972 through 1997. The file is run through PHYGROW and results are posted on the AFLEWS Analysis Portal every ten days. The tasks involved in this process are described below. Current Weather Data Current weather data for each monitoring point...????????????? II SYSTEM ESTABLISHMENT??????????............. Introduction????????????????............. Methods????????????????????... Summary????????????????????. III OUTPUT FROM THE AFLEWS ANALYSIS PORTAL??... Introduction...

  3. Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jenny

    2010-01-01

    2008. "Measured Off? Grid LED Lighting System Performance."early manifestation of LED lighting in the developing worldfor off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (

  4. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    trial of off-grid LED lighting products in Maai Mahiu, aa relatively costly LED lighting product. If market spoilageand higher quality LED lighting products. Another potential

  5. Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Peter

    2009-01-01

    of fuel-based and LED lighting technology for business useSelf-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared tocost-of- ownership of LED lighting products are an important

  6. Community-Based Electric Micro-Grids Can Contribute to Rural Development: Evidence from Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    -based electricity project in rural Ken- ya. Empirical research on group-based micro-grids is also rele- vant in view

  7. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    choice to not purchase the solar panel. Each of the productsaccompanying polycrystalline solar panel varied considerablyBattery Capacity (mAh) 4 Solar Panel Rating (watts) 6 (H)

  8. The diversity, distribution and feeding behavior of solifuges (arachnida; solifugae) in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddick, Kristie Lynn

    2009-05-15

    phase.? Also thanks to Lionel Eyres for putting up with me during my ?writing the thesis phase.? Last but not least, a special thanks to Jessica Honaker. Thank you for trusting me with your future, for braving hyenas and riots, and for helping...

  9. Cost of Community Integrated Prevention Campaign for Malaria, HIV, and Diarrhea in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    treated bed net; and a water filter. Data were obtainedfor commodities (mainly water filters and bed nets) and 20%bed nets; and water filters - was recently demonstrated in a

  10. Estimating the above-ground biomass of mangrove forests in Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Rachel

    2014-11-27

    Robust estimates of forest above-ground biomass (AGB) are needed in order to constrain the uncertainty in regional and global carbon budgets, predictions of global climate change and remote sensing efforts to monitor ...

  11. Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan; Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-03-21

    Creation of light for work, socializing, and general illumination is a fundamental application of technology around the world. For those who lack access to electricity, an emerging and diverse range of LED based lighting products hold promise for replacing and/or augmenting their current fuel-based lighting sources that are costly and dirty. Along with analysis of environmental factors, economic models for total cost-ofownership of LED lighting products are an important tool for studying the impacts of these products as they emerge in markets of developing countries. One important metric in those models is the minimum illuminance demanded by end-users for a given task before recharging the lamp or replacing batteries. It impacts the lighting service cost per unit time if charging is done with purchased electricity, batteries, or charging services. The concept is illustrated in figure 1: LED lighting products are generally brightest immediately after the battery is charged or replaced and the illuminance degrades as the battery is discharged. When a minimum threshold level of illuminance is reached, the operational time for the battery charge cycle is over. The cost to recharge depends on the method utilized; these include charging at a shop at a fixed price per charge, charging on personal grid connections, using solar chargers, and purchasing dry cell batteries. This Research Note reports on the observed"charge-triggering" illuminance level threshold for night market vendors who use LED lighting products to provide general and task oriented illumination. All the study participants charged with AC power, either at a fixed-price charge shop or with electricity at their home.

  12. Topography and malaria transmission heterogeneity in western Kenya highlands: prospects for focal vector control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    Open Access Research Topography and malaria transmissionmalaria epidemiology, topography is likely to have a majorto determine the effects of topography on malaria spatial

  13. Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luoto, Jill Emily

    2010-01-01

    A.1 Water Testing Procedures . . . . .Provision on Usage and Water Quality 1.3.1.1 Sustained1.2.2.2 Water Quality Summary Statistics . . . . . . .

  14. Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luoto, Jill Emily

    2010-01-01

    if households practice rainwater harvesting. Despite this,local climate cycle, rainwater harvesting increased to 68%tions. Specifically, rainwater harvesting declined as the

  15. A performance study of ceramic candle filters in Kenya including tests for coliphage removal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Amber, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    Approximately 80% of all diseases in the developing world are caused by contaminated water (GDRC, 1999). In response to this crisis, decentralized point-of-use systems, such as ceramic candle filters, have emerged as viable ...

  16. Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jenny

    2010-01-01

    charging? ? Security of Solar [1] ? Access to the Grid [2] ?charging? ? Security of Solar [1] ? Access to the Grid [2] ?charging? ? Security of Solar [1] ? Access to the Grid [2] ?

  17. Quality and Performance of LED Flashlights in Kenya: Common End User Preferences and Complaints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jenny

    2010-01-01

    at ensure the success of the off-grid lighting market. Theand E. Mills. 2008. "Measured Off? Grid LED Lighting Systemtechnology into the broader off-grid lighting market. The

  18. Observed Minimum Illuminance Threshold for Night Market Vendors in Kenya who use LED Lamps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for SmallProject includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessmentand the market success of off-grid lighting solutions for

  19. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    A. Jacobson (2007) “The Off-Grid Lighting Market in WesternBudget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small6 Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural

  20. Orma livelihoods in Tana River district, Kenya: a study of constraints, adaptation and innovation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pattison, James Lee

    2011-11-22

    This study focuses on the constraints, adaptations and innovations in the livelihoods of Orma pastoralists. The fieldwork took place with families around Tiltila, Waldena and Kalalani over a period of 9 months in 2007/08. ...

  1. Managing N availability and losses by combining fertilizer-N with different quality residues in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    Managing N availability and losses by combining fertilizer-N with different quality residues residues are often not available or affordable in sufficient quantities or qualities to be used alone the use of all available resources within each target environment (Kimani et al., 2003). The ISFM approach

  2. Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luoto, Jill Emily

    2010-01-01

    by households (from rain water, tap water, earthpan water,includes tap water, rain water, earth- pan water or “other”source type (tap water, rain water, earthpan water, and “

  3. Market Trial: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jennifer; Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2010-06-21

    In this study, we performed a market trial of off-grid LED lighting products in Maai Mahiu, arural Kenyan town. Our goals were to assess consumer demand and consumer preferences with respect to off-grid lighting systems and to gain feedback from off-grid lighting users at the point of purchase and after they have used to products for some time.

  4. Choosing and Using Safe Water Technologies: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luoto, Jill Emily

    2010-01-01

    only the final wave of data when bid prices were raised. WTPto the final wave of data when bid prices were raised. Notethe final wave of data when initial bid prices were raised.

  5. Effects of prescribed seasonal burning on a Combretum-Commiphora plant community in South Central Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinyamario, Jenesio Ikindu

    1982-01-01

    ) I NRRS Headquarters Kiboko z B eb Nairobi referee N. R. R. S TANZANIA 0 000 K Mombasa 0 oq 2'20'5 NATIONAL RANGE RESEARCH STATION 0 oi oi Z 0 Z D 0 Aug Control Nov Reserve BLOCK I Jan Jul Mar X e 0 0 5 37'50'E Jut... Reserve Jul Msr 0 s o N Jan Cofilrol Reserve Aug Aug Nov Jan Nov Z ei Z c 37 50'E Plot~s 2' 20'S Experimental BLOCK III Mar Control BLOCK II Experimental plots 200 180 160 140 A verage Rainfall ~ tace CZ2 t904-t990 Average...

  6. Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware: EnergyInformationBecoming

  7. Kenya-Bringing a Range of Supported Mitigation Activities in Selected

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware:

  8. Kenya-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder atHills,NewKeithDelaware:DLR Cooperation Jump to:in Developing

  9. Kenya-Action Plan for National Climate Change Response Strategy | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin Public UtilitiesTennessee)Energy

  10. Kenya-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformation ClimateWorks

  11. Kenya-Reducing the GHG Impacts of Sustainable Intensification | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDS Tier

  12. Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDS TierOpen

  13. Kenya-Strengthening Adaptation and Resilience to Climate Change(StARCK) |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDS

  14. Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies in

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EAInvervar Hydro JumpHuariKeewatin PublicInformationLEDSAfrica |

  15. An Integrated Geophysical Analysis Of The Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to: navigation,In The Artesian-City Area,TransportRift

  16. An Integrated Geophysical Study Of The Northern Kenya Rift | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex A S Jump to: navigation,In The Artesian-CityInformation

  17. File:DIA Kenya 0906 lw (2).pdf | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto ElectricMonasterwind crossword.pdf Jump to: navigation, searchDIA

  18. Kenya-Affecting Electricity Policy through a Community Micro Hydro Project

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech WindPage EditKenworth

  19. Kenya-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech WindPage

  20. Kenya-EU-UNDP Low Emission Capacity Building Programme (LECBP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech WindPageEnergy

  1. Kenya-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItronKanosh TownKenetech/Wintech

  2. Product Quality Assurance for Off-Grid Lighting in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Evan; World Bank

    2008-01-01

    Modules in the Kenya Solar Market, 1999-2007. (A. Jacobson)the experiences in the solar market in Kenya, the presenterstunting the market. Solar PV market experiences in Kenya

  3. An Integrated Geophysical Analysis Of The Upper Crust Of The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Of The Upper Crust Of The Southern Kenya Rift Abstract Previous interpretations of seismic data collected by the Kenya Rift International Seismic Project (KRISP) experiments...

  4. Decomposition of NH3 on Ir(100): A Temperature Programmed Desorption Study A. K. Santra, B. K. Min, C. W. Yi, Kai Luo, T. V. Choudhary, and D. W. Goodman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Wayne

    . Introduction Due to the increasing demand for efficient and nonpolluting energy alternatives to conventional alkaline fuel cells require COx-free hydrogen. Conventional hydrogen production technologies such as steam reforming, partial oxidation, and autothermal reforming of hydrocarbons produce large amounts of COx

  5. Wurtzite-derived polytypes of kesterite and stannite quaternary chalcogenide semiconductors Shiyou Chen,1,2 Aron Walsh,1,3 Ye Luo,1 Ji-Hui Yang,1 X. G. Gong,1 and Su-Huai Wei4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gong, Xingao

    for their potential application as solar-cell absorbers,1­9 photocatalysts for solar water splitting,10 thermoelectric-blende-derived structures, and wurtzite-stannite, which is a wurtzite-derived structure. In this paper, through a global-film solar-cell absorbers, which have shown conversion efficiencies as high as 10%.1,9 The wide application

  6. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia

  7. MSU at Work in Africa: A Unique Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, South

  8. THE STATE OF THE WORLD'S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    , Guyana, India, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Liberia, Malawi

  9. Kode Dansk English AD Andorra ANDORRA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    KENYA KG Kirgisistan KYRGYZSTAN KH Cambodia CAMBODIA KI Kiribati KIRIBATI KM Comorerne COMOROS KN Sankt

  10. A TUTUREFORTHE DUGONG? HeleneMarsh, Helen Penroseand CaroleEros

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marsh, Helene

    on dugong status and management within lts range East Africa Kenya Tanzania Mozambique Madagascar Comoros

  11. BioMed Central Page 1 of 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Madagascar, Comoros Islands, Tanzania, Kenya, Mozambique, Cameroun, Gabon) were collected during active case

  12. Scarce, costly and uncertain: water access in Kibera, Nairobi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben; Odaba, Edmond

    2009-01-01

    Governance in Kibera, Kenya. Rosskilde University, International Master of Science in Environmental Policy and Global

  13. Mathematical Programming 81 (1998)281 299 A unified analysis for a class of long-step primal-dual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Renato

    1998-01-01

    , including Alizadeh et al. [2], Helmberg et al. [3], Jarre [5], Kojima et al. [7,9], Lin and Saigal [10], Luo

  14. Asymmetry in In-Degree and Out-Degree Distributions of Large-Scale Industrial Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Jianxi; Whitney, Daniel E.

    2015-01-01

    Network structures in industrial pricing: the effect ofrecession? ranking U.S. industrial sectors by the Power-of-distributions of large-scale industrial networks Jianxi Luo

  15. Published Ahead of Print 7 April 2014. 10.1128/MCB.00019-14.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo,a,c Hua Loua,b,c Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences,a Center for RNA Molecular Biology,b

  16. Exploring a Centralized/Distributed Hybrid Routing Protocol for Low Power Wireless Networks and Large-Scale Datacenters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavakoli, Arsalan

    2009-01-01

    Luo, and Nick Mckeown. Ethane: Taking control of thesuch as MPLS [62] and Ethane [17], have successfully managedwarrants additional research. Ethane [17], the successor to

  17. Global convergence of sequential injective algorithm for weakly ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-03-16

    [3] Fukushima, M., Luo, Z.Q., Tseng, P.: Smoothing functions for second-order cone complementarity problems. SIAM Journal on Optimization 12, 436–460 (

  18. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    (United States) (1) Lindenberg, Aaron M. (1) Luo, Liang (1) Patz, Aaron (1) Philip Wong, H.-S. Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California...

  19. The Role of Multimodel Climate Forecasts in Improving Water and Energy Management over the Tana River Basin, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arumugam, Sankar

    - logical ensembles are used in a reservoir model to allocate water for power generation by ensuring clima. Retrospective reservoir analysis shows that inflow forecasts developed from single GCM and multiple GCMs perform the single- model inflow forecasts by reducing uncertainty and the overconfidence of individual model

  20. Transnational movements, human rights and democracy : legal mobilization strategies and majoritarian constraints in Kenya, 1982-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feeley, Maureen Catherine

    2006-01-01

    dia-Wambe, eds. Social Movements, Social Transformation andTarrow, Power in Movement: Social Movements and ContentiousPress, ______. Power in Movement: Social Movements and

  1. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    charging and power deliver to the LED lamp, a six footthe power consumption of the light sources (LEDs). This canthe power consumption of the light sources (LEDs). As shown

  2. Effects of burning on diet quality and associated production systems of cattle and goats in Acacia savannahs of Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbui, Moses Kiruki

    1985-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3 The study paddocks of pasture 2, showing vegetation sampling lines and treatment paddocks designated burn and unburn. . . . 20 4 Long term mean monthly rainfall for Makindu Meteorological Station and the monthly rainfall at Sheep and Goat... / oX / qO / / / / / / / Ol IA O a. 3. 2 I I I 3. 3 Fig. 3. The study paddocks of pasture 2, showing vegetation sampling. lines and treatment paddocks designated burn and unburn. 21 the periphery of NRRS, Kiboko, are the weather...

  3. Shrimp Imports 37 Kenya 0.6 in 1972 Total 223.2 38 Mozambique 33.2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .3 The statistics, provided to the NMFS 14 Greenland 117.6 47 Paraguay 46.0 Statistics and Market News Division countries with 21 Austria 3.8 54 Surinam 2,132.6 more than 80 million pounds. India was 22 Turkey 7.5 55- 25 India 33,523.5 58 Haiti 12.2 ports. Imports from the People's Repub- 26 Sri Lamka 489.4 59 Jamaica

  4. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    a preference for off-grid LED lighting products that wereowners were interested in LED lighting even if the operatingfor Off-Grid Lighting LED lighting is viewed increasingly as

  5. Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    for off-grid lighting products based on LED technology (LED technology has quickly emerged as the dominant source of portable lightingLEDs have achieved price levels that make them cost competitive with conventional lighting

  6. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    Report #3 Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget:The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses inProject includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessment

  7. Community-wide benefits of targeted indoor residual spray for malaria control in the Western Kenya Highland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Guofa; Githeko, Andrew K; Minakawa, Noboru; Yan, Guiyun

    2010-01-01

    ecological settings [4]. Among those control measures, insecticide- treated bed nets (ITNs) and indoor residual-house

  8. Page 1 of 2 Research Opportunity/Internship in Kenya for MA Student in Economics, Computer Science,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daraio, Chiara

    with high operational costs, adverse health effects, and low-quality lightning. Solar could provide a cost the data collected for an MA thesis. About us: Bonsai Systems is an ETH spin-off which develops sensing for development studies. Together we will use sensor technology to rigorously measure the impact of solar lights

  9. Topography as a modifier of breeding habitats and concurrent vulnerability to malaria risk in the western Kenya highlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    of land cover types and topography. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005,HA, Lindsay SW: Effect of topography on the risk of malariaBA, Githure JI, Yan G: Topography and malaria transmission

  10. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    International Finance Corporation and the Energy and WaterInternational Finance Corporation and the Energy and WaterInternational Finance Corporation and the Energy and Water

  11. Competition and compensation among cattle, zebras, and elephants in a semi-arid savanna in Laikipia, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Todd M.

    Competition and compensation among cattle, zebras, and elephants in a semi-arid savanna in Laikipia mammalian herbivores have been independently manip- ulated since 1995. In plots from which cattle were). Vegetation data indicate that cattle fully compensate for the absence of wildlife; all plots accessible

  12. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report Derek Schaper, Kenya Shatani, Max Parker, Tyson Costa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    determined that hydrogen fuel cell was the best power option for the food truck. In addition to this

  13. Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    charging? ? Security of Solar [1] ? Access to the Grid [2] ?charging? ? Security of Solar [1] ? Access to the Grid [2] ?charging? ? Security of Solar [1] ? Access to the Grid [2] ?

  14. Exploring the Potential Impact of Reforestation on the Hydrology of the Upper Tana River Catchment and the Masinga Dam, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DRAFT Exploring the Potential Impact of Reforestation on the Hydrology of the Upper Tana River water and hydroelectric power for 65% of the Nation. Unregulated deforestation and expansion to assess the impact of meeting a national goal for reforestation of 30% of deforested lands

  15. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    Testing for Emerging Off-grid White-LED Illumination SystemsBudget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for SmallProject includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessment

  16. Use Patterns of LED Flashlights in Kenya and a One-Year Cost Analysis of Flashlight Ownership

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tracy, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Project includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessmentand the market success of off-grid lighting solutions formarket spoiling effect for off-grid lighting products based

  17. Solid-State Lighting on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radecsky, Kristen

    2009-01-01

    that included solar chargers due to the higher initialthe lamp body, and an AC charger. A one Watt solar moduleelectronic circuitry, AC charger, and solar module were

  18. Household adoption of ecological sanitation : an assessment of agricultural value and user perspectives in Nyanza Province, Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robinson, Brian E. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2005-01-01

    Ecological sanitation, or ecosan, refers to a range of sanitation technologies in which human excreta is recovered and retained on-site, and eventually reused. However, when a culture does not have a tradition of reusing ...

  19. Palynological evidence of climate change and land degradation in the Lake Baringo area, Kenya, East Africa, since AD 1650

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Kam-biu

    Sciences, School of the Coast and Environment, Louisiana State University, 1002Y Energy, Coast which coincide with the Little Ice Age (LIA) period in Europe. The Baringo record shows that land some of the best archives for paleoenvironmental record in the African tropics (c.f. Battarbee, 2000

  20. Donors versus dictators : the impact of multilateral aid conditionality on democratization : Kenya and Malawi in comparative context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clinkenbeard, Steven E., 1958-

    2004-01-01

    Donors versus Dictators examines the "exporting democracy debate" and the related issue of "nation-building" as manifested in the foreign aid relationship in the post-Cold War era. This dissertation centers on two in-depth ...

  1. SERVICE OUTAGE BASED ADAPTIVE TRANSMISSION IN FADING CHANNELS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yates, Roy

    SERVICE OUTAGE BASED ADAPTIVE TRANSMISSION IN FADING CHANNELS BY JIANGHONG LUO A dissertation OF THE DISSERTATION Service Outage Based Adaptive Transmission in Fading Channels by Jianghong Luo Dissertation Director: Prof. Roy Yates, Prof. Predrag Spasojevi´c The service outage based allocation problem explores

  2. Adaptive Data Fusion for Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yonghe

    1 Adaptive Data Fusion for Energy Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks Hong Luo, Jun Luo redundancy and hence curtail network load, the fusion process itself may introduce significant energy Fusion Steiner Tree (AFST), for energy efficient data gathering in sensor networks. Not only does AFST

  3. Routing Correlated Data with Fusion Cost in Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yonghe

    Tree (MFST), for energy efficient data gathering with aggregation (fusion) in wireless sensor networks] that energy consumption of a beamforming algorithm for acoustic signal fusion is on the same order1 Routing Correlated Data with Fusion Cost in Wireless Sensor Networks Hong Luo, Jun Luo, Yonghe

  4. Interprovincial Migration and the Stringency of Energy Policy in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Interprovincial Migration and the Stringency of Energy Policy in China Xiaohu Luo, Da Zhang, Justin;1 Interprovincial Migration and the Stringency of Energy Policy in China Xiaohu Luo* , Da Zhang , Justin Caron , Xiliang Zhang*, , Valerie J. Karplus Abstract Interprovincial migration flows involve substantial

  5. habitat 14 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beverly Thompson

    2011-08-10

    of the fly puparia from which parasitoids emerged, (2) rearing of cucurbit infesting tephritids and their parasitoids in Kenya, (3) rearing of flowerhead infesting tephritids and their parasitoids in Kenya and Hawaii, and (4) host range testing of Psyttalia...

  6. Kenyan and Tanzanian Socialism (A Comparative Study)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chipembere, H.B.M.

    1976-01-01

    elements of capitalism and Feudalism and their temptations."forms of capitalism and feudalism. The Kenya document states

  7. Kenyan Socialism & Tanzanian Socialism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chimpembere, Henry B.M.

    1981-01-01

    of capitalism and Feudalism and their temptations." 'll\\eforms of capitalism and feudalism. The Kenya document states

  8. Ql.JrJJI"",'' ()""..:0"'-'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    , Israel, Greece, Turkey, Hong Kong, Morocco, Kenya, Venezuela, Brazil and South Africa. For application ................................................................... 30 Course Listings ..............................................................,44 Architecture

  9. Name * First Last Address Street Address Address Line 2 City State ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  10. Symposium Registration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ... Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, North Korea, South Korea, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho ...

  11. The Values of Immigrant Students on Citizenship as a Trait of Character Education 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obamehinti, Feyi

    2014-04-17

    Figure 12. The national flag of Kenya ............................................................................. 67 Figure 13. The national flag of Laos ................................................................................ 68 Figure 14...

  12. Field performance of a nephelometer in rural kitchens: effects of high humidity excursions and correlations to gravimetric analyses (Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 2006)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Susan L; Koshland, Catherine P.

    2006-01-01

    to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya.pollution in rural kitchens in which small-scale combustion

  13. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY BERKELEY DAVIS IRVINE LOS ANGELES RIVERSIDE SAN DIEGO SAN FRANCISCO SANTA BARBARA SANTA CRUZ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    , Princeton University, and Energy Alternatives AFRICA of Nairobi, Kenya conducted a study of the field performance of single junction amorphous silicon (a-Si) photovoltaic (PV) modules in Kenya in 1999. The large in a paper titled "Field Performance Measurements of Amorphous Silicon Photovoltaic Modules in Kenya

  14. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in the Maasai ecosystem of south-western Kenya: Evaluation of seroprevalence, risk factors and vaccine safety and efficacy. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mtui-Malamsha, Niwael Jesse

    2009-01-01

    Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) is a bovine bacterial disease of major economic importance in sub-Saharan Africa. Vaccination has been recommended to control the disease in endemic areas such as the Maasai ...

  15. Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared toimpacts of switching to LED lighting technology on theof fuel-based and LED lighting technology in the context of

  16. Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Time period Pre 07/2008 Lighting Technology (Nightly Cost,2 Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Comparedto Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity

  17. Leadership Training, Inter-ethnic Conflict Management, and the Youth: A Case Study of One Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) in Nairobi, Kenya 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mbutu, Paul

    2012-10-19

    focus groups were completed. Results demonstrated four communicative challenges involved in the design of youth leadership training were: (1) audience analysis, (2) material resources, (3) participant challenges, and (4) diversity. Results showed...

  18. In this study I explore the relationship between modern energy and economically productive activities in rural Kenya. Research is based on surveys

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of electricity on agricultural and agro-processing activities- 5.3 Impact of electricity on education services, complimented by review of the literature. The findings reveal that access to electricity, in combination], Mpeketoni Electricity Project has demonstrated that there exists substantial unmet rural demand

  19. A technology strategy analysis for the deployment of broadband connectivity for economic development in emerging economies : studying the case of Kenya using the CLIOS process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omwenga, Brian Gichana

    2009-01-01

    The role of Information Communication Technology (ICT) in economic development is increasingly moving to the core of national competitiveness strategies around the world thanks to its revolutionary power as a critical ...

  20. Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Project includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology Assessmentand the market success of off-grid lighting solutions forillumination systems for off-grid application—the focus of

  1. Self-reported Impacts of LED Lighting Technology Compared to Fuel-based Lighting on Night Market Business Prosperity in Kenya

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnstone, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Pre 07/2008 Lighting Technology (Nightly Cost, Ksh) Pressure07/2008 Lighting Technology (Nightly Cost, Ksh) Hurricane07/2008 Lighting Technology (Nightly Cost, Ksh) Hurricane

  2. 12/14/14, 7:12 PMProject 3-154 Kenya Page 1 of 1http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/PEER/PEERscience/PGA_152030

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/PEER/PEERscience/PGA_152030 0 Skip to Main Content Search enter search terms Search HOME ABOUT PEER FOR APPLICANTS FOR GRANT

  3. RNAi-Assisted Genome Evolution in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Complex Phenotype Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Huimin

    RNAi-Assisted Genome Evolution in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for Complex Phenotype Engineering Tong Si, Yunzi Luo, Zehua Bao, and Huimin Zhao*,,,§ Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Department of Biochemistry, § Departments of Chemistry and Bioengineering, Institute for Genomic Biology

  4. Experimental and Theoretical Examination of C-CN and C-H Bond Activations of Acetonitrile Using Zerovalent Nickel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, William D.

    from acetonitrile to aryl halides by palladium bisphosphine complexes in the presence of zinc metal powder to give the ArCN compounds has been reported by Luo.9 Despite these reports, there is only

  5. The NuSTAR View of Nearby Compton-thick Active Galactic Nuclei...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    ; DelMoro, A. ; Gandhi, P. ; Durham U. ; Hailey, C.J. ; Columbia U. ; Koss, M. ; Hawaii U. ETH, Zurich ; Lansbury, G.B. ; Durham U. ; Luo, B. ; Pennsylvania U. Penn State...

  6. Golden Fish: An Intelligent Stream Cipher Fuse Memory Modules QiongHai Dai1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Golden Fish: An Intelligent Stream Cipher Fuse Memory Modules Lan Luo12 QiongHai Dai1 ZhiGuang Qin2 such design style at SHA3. Keywords: An intelligent golden Fish, LFSR & Block Cipher Modes as Stream Cipher

  7. Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Nonlinear Time Domain Modeling and Simulation of Surface and Embedded NPPS Boris Jeremic with contributions from Federico Pisanò, Jose Abell, Kohei Watanabe, Chao Luo University of California, Davis Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley DOE NPH, October 2014

  8. US LHC Accelerator Research Program FY 2005 Task Sheet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Large Hadron Collider Program

    , mathcad and Matlab modeling, beam simulation), and Yun Luo (coupling studies). CERN liason: #12;DRAFT/TF system 7. Matlab/UAL modeling of LHC PLL/TF system 8. travel to CERN to support the above efforts

  9. Modeling and Computing Two-settlement Oligopolistic Equilibrium in a Congested Electricity Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Jian; Adler, Ilan; Oren, Shmuel S

    2006-01-01

    60. [5] Chen, X. and M. Fukushima. 2004. A smoothing methodPress, Cambridge, MA. [11] Fukushima, M. , Z. -Q. Luo andApplications. 10 1 5-34. [12] Fukushima, M. and P. Tseng.

  10. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Robert P.

    Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology manuscript No. (will be inserted by the editor element method (FEM). The FDTD method was first applied in biomechanics by Luo et al (1999), and since

  11. Understanding and Attributing Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ), Yong Luo (China), Jose A. Marengo Orsini (Brazil, Peru), Neville Nicholls (Australia), Joyce E. Penner-Delmotte (France), T. Nozawa (Japan), B. Otto-Bliesner (USA), D. Pierce (USA), S. Power (Australia), D. Rind (USA

  12. Daniel Giammar Page 1 of 4 Daniel E. Giammar, Ph.D., P.E.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ., Dikshit, A., Luo, Y., Catalano, J.G. and D.E. Giammar, Fate of metals in fly ash during aging in laboratory-scale ash ponds, Environmental Engineering Science, 29(12): 1085-1091, 2012. 7. Singh, A

  13. Commun. Comput. Phys. doi: 10.4208/cicp.190810.080211a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidbrink, William W.

    . Accurate calculation of the fraction of neutrals that occupy excited atomic states (the collisional), dliu29@wisc.edu (D. Liu), yluo@trialphaenergy.com (Y. Luo), eruskov@uci.edu (E. Ruskov), bgeiger@ipp.mpg

  14. Influence of U.S. immigration laws on Chinese immigration, United States, 1980 to 2002 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Hua

    2005-08-29

    -1 INFLUENCE OF U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS ON CHINESE IMMIGRATION, UNITED STATES, 1980 TO 2002 A Thesis by HUA LUO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 2005 Major Subject: Sociology INFLUENCE OF U.S. IMMIGRATION LAWS ON CHINESE IMMIGRATION, UNITED STATES, 1980 TO 2002 A Thesis by HUA LUO Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  15. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  16. Making the Sexual Political: Women’s Transnational Collective Actions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minai, Naveen

    2010-01-01

    actions by women from Liberia, Nigeria and Kenya. I will useIn 2003, women in Liberia organized a sex boycott to protest

  17. Malaria resurgence: a systematic review and assessment of its causes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    tropical Africa: Lessons from Liberia, 1945–1962. J Hist MedIran Armenia Africa Liberia (Monrovia) Kenya (highlands)1960 1963 (Yaounde) Liberia Zanzibar Nigeria (Garki) São

  18. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    to decrease in tax share); or Liberia (increase in exchangeKenya IIIIIIIIII Lesotho II Liberia IIIIII IIIIIIIII MalawiLSL Gambia ** Lesotho ** Liberia Madagascar ** Malawi ** LRD

  19. A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This working paper includes new analyses of the six R-PPs recently submitted by Argentina, Costa Rica, Kenya, Nepal, Republic of Congo and Tanzania for formal consideration...

  20. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Mozambique Kenya Kazakhstan Comoros Togo Uzbekistan Southsuch as Kazakhstan, Comoros, Togo. Uzbekistan, and Southfor Bangladesh,1975 for Comoros and 1976 for Vietnam ; all

  1. Cingular World Basics Pricing Country Name

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Kathleen

    .49 COMOROS (MAYOTTE IS.) 269 $2.69 KENYA 254 $0.79 REUNION ISLND-FRENCH 262 $1.19 ZIMBABWE 263 $0.59 CONGO

  2. international enrollment report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerber, Leah R.

    Cameroon 3 Côte d'lvoire 2 Comoros 1 Egypt 9 Eritrea 1 Ethiopia 2 Gambia 1 Ghana 1 Kenya 12 Libya 6 Malawi

  3. Accounting for Corruption: Economic Structure, Democratic Norms, and Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandholtz, Wayne; Koetzle, William

    1998-01-01

    D. 1991. Corruption and Politics in Mexico. Tuscaloosa, AL:corruption in France (Meny 1992), Ghana (Morris 1991) and Mexico (corruption scandals: France, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico,

  4. Who Changes How: Strategies and Motivation for Risk Reduction Behaviors in the Context of an Economic-based HIV Prevention Intervention in Tanzania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Packel, Laura

    2010-01-01

    and couples in Kenya, Tanzania, and Trinidad: a randomisedcollected in rural northern Tanzania using five methods.planning, 38(3), 147-162. Tanzania Commission for AIDS. (

  5. Monitoring and Modeling Non-Point Source Contributions of Host-Specific Fecal Contamination in San Pablo Bay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wuertz, Stefan; Bombardelli, Fabian A; Sirikanchana, Kwanrawee; Wang, Dan

    2009-01-01

    Host-Specific Fecal Contamination in San Pablo Bay Principlelivestock sources of fecal contamination in Kenya with host-Huang. Abstract Fecal contamination from non-point sources

  6. Innovation Beyond Individualism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagata, Jason M

    2009-01-01

    western highlands of Guatemala, conducting and publishingresearch through the Guatemala Health Initiative. In westernremote communities in Guatemala and Kenya to laboratories in

  7. China Energy Databook - Rev. 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinton Editor, J.E.

    2010-01-01

    Indonesia Iran Iraq Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea (DPRK) Korea (RK) Kuwait Crudo Oil (t) Exports Imports Petroleum

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: News: Publications: Lab News

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    partner to Org. 6821, International Nuclear Threat Reduction. "I went to Qatar, Egypt, and Kenya," he says. "It was an eye-opening experience and really enjoyable working...

  9. Imagine a semester where you study and travel around the world, earn,ing 'credits toward graduation. Over 2400 CU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mojzsis, Stephen J.

    , Israel, Greece, Turkey, Hong Kong, Morocco, Kenya, Venezuela, Brazil and South AfriCa. For ap ................................................................... 29 Course Listings ................................................................ 44 Architecture

  10. Control and Intervention of Cholera Outbreaks in Refugee Camps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sim, Christianna

    2013-01-01

    Epidemic cholera in Kakuma Refugee Camp, Kenya 2009: Theof Cholera Outbreaks in Refugee Camps | 80 Newton, A. E. ,a relationship with the refugee camp as well as perpetuating

  11. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  12. Jamaica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  13. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  14. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  15. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  16. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  17. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  18. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  19. Indonesia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  20. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  1. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  2. Zambia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  3. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Moldova-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  6. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Maldives-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  9. Nepal-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  10. Honduras-Program for Scaling Up Renewable Energy in Low Income...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Specific Documents3 Kenya Specific Documents4 Maldives Specific Documents5 Mali Specific Documents6 Nepal Specific Documents7 Overview "The Scaling-Up Renewable...

  11. Geographic trends in research output and citations in veterinary medicine: insight into global research capacity, species specialization, and interdisciplinary relationships

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher, Mary M; Marusic, Ana

    2013-01-01

    3. Poland 4. Slovakia 5. Croatia 1. So. Africa 2. Kenya 3.Soltanska 2, 21000, Split, Croatia. Received: 21 FebruaryVeterinarski Arhiv (Croatia) Veterinary Anaesthesia and

  12. Registration of an on-axis see-through head-mounted display and camera system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peli, Eli

    Registration of an on-axis see-through head- mounted display and camera system Gang Luo Harvard Abstract. An optical see-through head-mounted display (HMD) system integrating a miniature camera and a low registration error across a wide range of depth. In reality, a small camera-eye misalignment may

  13. Touchjacking Attacks on Web in Android, iOS, and Windows Phone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Du, Wenliang "Kevin"

    Touchjacking Attacks on Web in Android, iOS, and Windows Phone Tongbo Luo, Xing Jin, Ajai to interact with the Web, most mobile platforms, including Android, iOS, and Windows Phone, provide is called WebView in Android (it is called different names in other platforms). WebView im- plements

  14. USING DNASE DIGESTION DATA TO ACCURATELY IDENTIFY TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR BINDING SITES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartemink, Alexander

    USING DNASE DIGESTION DATA TO ACCURATELY IDENTIFY TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR BINDING SITES KAIXUAN LUO1. But methods combining DNase digestion data with TF binding specificity information could potentially be used on the genomic digestion prod- ucts of deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I, which we will simply call DNase) might

  15. Active Catalog: A KnowledgeRich Design Library Facilitating Information Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jihie

    in this vocabulary, a search engine accesses library components that satisfy the ``semantics'' defined by the queriesActive Catalog: A Knowledge­Rich Design Library Facilitating Information Consumption Ping Luo design task often consists of combining a large number of reusable components from design libraries taken

  16. SOAP3: GPU-based Compressed Indexing and Ultra-fast Parallel Alignment of Short Reads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lam, Tak-Wah

    Kong Zhiheng Li, Ruibang Luo, Bingqiang Wang, Chang Yu Beijing Genome Institute, Shenzhen, China-throughput software to align the enormous number of short reads (patterns) with reference genomes (such as the human genome). In the past few years, a number of very fast alignment software (e.g., Maq, SOAP2, ZOOM, Bowtie

  17. Railway Subsidence Monitoring by High Resolution INSAR Time Series Analysis in Tianjin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perissin, Daniele

    Railway Subsidence Monitoring by High Resolution INSAR Time Series Analysis in Tianjin Qingli Luo1 and the development of urban are seriously affected by the subsidence of them. Permanent Scatterers (PS) technology was developed as a powerful tool for subsidence monitoring. High resolution of 1m data can be provided by Terra

  18. Characterizing Inter-domain Rerouting after Japan Earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Rocky Kow-Chuen

    Characterizing Inter-domain Rerouting after Japan Earthquake Yujing Liu1 , Xiapu Luo2 , Rocky K- domain rerouting as a result of the massive earthquake in Japan on March 2011. Moreover by unstable routing state caused by a cable fault after the earthquake. Our work provides a new method

  19. SGor: Trust graph based onion routing Peng Zhou a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ives, Zachary G.

    routers pose a serious threat to existing onion routing networks (e.g., the Tor network [14]). To thwartSGor: Trust graph based onion routing Peng Zhou a, , Xiapu Luo a , Ang Chen b,1 , Rocky K.C. Chang August 2013 Available online 24 August 2013 Keywords: Trust graph Anonymity Onion routing a b s t r a c

  20. Service Outage Based Power and Rate Allocation for Parallel Fading Channels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yates, Roy

    1 Service Outage Based Power and Rate Allocation for Parallel Fading Channels Jianghong Luo, Member, IEEE, Roy Yates, Member, IEEE, and Predrag Spasojevi´c, Member, IEEE Abstract-- The service outage of ergodic capacity and outage capacity for fading channels. A service outage occurs when the transmission

  1. Proper orthogonal decomposition approach and error estimation of mixed finite element methods for the tropical Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navon, Michael

    for the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model Zhendong Luo a , Jiang Zhu b , Ruiwen Wang b , I.M. Navon c Available online 8 May 2007 Abstract In this paper, the tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model and the insufficient knowledge of air­sea exchange processes. The tropical Pacific Ocean reduced gravity model

  2. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH: SPACE PHYSICS, VOL. 118, 112, doi:10.1002/2013JA019188, 2013 Prediction of the AU, AL, and AE indices using solar wind parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Prediction of the AU, AL, and AE indices using solar wind parameters Bingxian Luo,1,2 Xinlin Li,2 M. Temerin] An empirical model that predicts the AU index, a measure of the Earth's east electrojet, derived from with the AU model, produces an AE model. All models are based on solar wind and interplanetary magnetic field

  3. www.angewandte.org ACIEFS 48 (35) 63636562 (2009) ISSN 14337851 Vol. 48 No. 35

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    reduced, leading to high fuel cell efficiency, and catalysts in basic medium are also more durable.[3 ionomer is required to maximize the performance of hydroxide-exchange membrane fuel cells (HEMFCs for High-Performance Hydroxide Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells Shuang Gu, Rui Cai, Ting Luo, Zhongwei Chen

  4. Direct Observation of Inner and Outer G' Band Double-resonance Raman Scattering in Free Standing Graphene

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiong, Qihua

    Standing Graphene Zhiqiang Luo1 , Chunxiao Cong1 , Jun Zhang1 , Qihua Xiong1 , Ting Yu1, 2, 3* 1. Division, Singapore, 117542 3. Graphene Research Centre, National University of Singapore, Singapore, 117542 ABSTRACT of graphene, we herein report the observation of splitting in G' band in free standing graphene. Our

  5. Implementation Techniques for Inductive Types in Plastic ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Zhaohui

    Implementation Techniques for Inductive Types in Plastic ? Paul Callaghan and Zhaohui Luo://www.dur.ac.uk/CARG fP.C.Callaghan, Zhaohui.Luog@durham.ac.uk Abstract. In the context of Plastic, a proof assistant the reduction mechanisms of Plastic, and briefly considers optimisations for inductive types. Key words: type

  6. Federated Cloud Security Architecture for Secure and Agile Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Shouhuai

    Federated Cloud Security Architecture for Secure and Agile Clouds Weiliang Luo, Li Xu, Zhenxin Zhan. This chapter introduces the novel federated cloud security architecture that includes proactive cloud defense technologies for secure and agile cloud development. The federated security architecture consists of a set

  7. A comparative study of the LBE and GKS methods for 2D near incompressible laminar flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Kun

    a , Hongwei Liu b , Li-Shi Luo c,*, Kun Xu b a National Laboratory of Coal Combustion, Huazhong University. Introduction In general, kinetic methods for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) are derived from the Boltzmann equation, as opposed to conventional CFD methods based on direct discretizations of the Navier

  8. 2250 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 37, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 A Numerical Model of Plasma-Actuator Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Xun

    therein. Most recent ap- plications include high-speed flow control using localized arc filament plasma2250 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PLASMA SCIENCE, VOL. 37, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 A Numerical Model of Plasma-Actuator Effects in Flow-Induced Noise Control Ed Peers, Xun Huang, and Xinfu Luo Abstract

  9. Mechanisms of axon pathfinding and survival

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fenstermaker, Ali Genie

    2010-01-01

    Biol 10:332-343. Luo L, O'Leary DDM (2005) Axon retractionRep 1:399-403. Nakamura H, O'Leary D (1989) Inaccuracies in28:8644- Reinoso BS, O'Leary D (1989) Extension, branching,

  10. 444 SYSTEMATIC BIOLOGY VOL. 50 MAYO, D. G. 1996. Error and the growth of experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naylor, Gavin

    supported by morphological studies that examined both fossil and extant ma- terial (Geisler and Luo, 1998; O'Leary; O'Leary and Geisler, 1999; O'Leary, 1999). Despite the resurgent interest in the problem, no consen could possi- bly lead to incorrect phylogenetic inferences. Recently, O'Leary and Geisler (1999) pre

  11. Color-tunable light emitting diodes based on quantum dot suspension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Color-tunable light emitting diodes based on quantum dot suspension Zhenyue Luo, Haiwei Chen, Yifan March 2015 We propose a color-tunable light emitting diode (LED) consisting of a blue LED as the light, rendering and metamerism; (230.3670) Light-emitting diodes. http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/AO.54.002845 1

  12. Synthesis and luminescence properties of rare earth activated phosphors for near UV-emitting LEDs for efficacious generation of white light

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Jinkyu

    2013-01-01

    Luo, S. Lu. ?White light emitting diode by using a-Ca 2 P 2silicates for near-UV light emitting diode applications,? J.S.Y. Choi. ?White light-emitting diodes of GaN-based Sr 2

  13. Finding Predictors of Field Defects for Open Source Software Systems in Commonly Available Data Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herbsleb, James D.

    Sources: a Case Study of OpenBSD Paul Luo Li Jim Herbsleb Mary Shaw Institute for Software Research organizations to make informed decisions regarding open source software components. In this paper, we remotely that are seeking to adopt open source software components to make informed choices between candidates 2.Help

  14. Energy Efficient Routing with Adaptive Data Fusion in Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yonghe

    Energy Efficient Routing with Adaptive Data Fusion in Sensor Networks Hong Luo College of Computer Adaptive Fusion Steiner Tree (AFST), for energy efficient data gathering in sensor networks that jointly, other networks may require complex operations for data fusion1 . Energy consumption of beamforming

  15. Mechanisms of triple-shape polymeric composites due to dual thermal transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    Mechanisms of triple-shape polymeric composites due to dual thermal transitions Qi Ge,a Xiaofan Luo in response to environmental stimuli such as heat, electricity, irradiation, moisture, or magnetic field in experiments. The stress and stored energy analysis during the shape memory cycle provides insight

  16. Investigating the Effect of Damage Progression Model Choice on Prognostics Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daigle, Matthew

    evidence or physics-based analysis. In this paper, using a centrifugal pump as a case study, we develop changes as wear and damage processes oc- cur (Luo, Pattipati, Qiao, & Chigusa, 2008; Saha & Goebel, 2009 a centrifugal pump as a case study with which to explore the impact of model quality on prognos- tics

  17. Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 15211526 Application of the level set method for multi-phase flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abdou, Mohamed

    2006-01-01

    -phase flow computation in fusion engineering X-Y. Luo, M-J. Ni, A. Ying, M. Abdou Mechanical and Aerospace: Level set method; RKCN projection method; Spray droplet; Multi-phase flow 1. Introduction There are many compatibility will likely set a limit on the amount of material allowed to evaporate or sput- ter from

  18. Matrix Functions and Weighted Centers for Semidefinite Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Shuzhong

    Matrix Functions and Weighted Centers for Semidefinite Programming Jan Brinkhuis Zhi-Quan Luo smooth matrix-valued functions, and for the class of matrix convex (or concave) functions first introduced by L¨owner and Kraus in the 1930s. For a matrix monotone function, we present formulas for its

  19. Interaction between a flexible filament and a downstream rigid body Fang-Bao Tian,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, Haoxiang

    Interaction between a flexible filament and a downstream rigid body Fang-Bao Tian,1,2 Haoxiang Luo, USA Received 11 February 2010; published 3 August 2010 A filament flapping in the bow wake of a rigid of the filament, and the drag force on both bodies is computed. It is shown that the results largely depend

  20. A Thermoplastic/Thermoset Blend Exhibiting Thermal Mending and Reversible Adhesion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mather, Patrick T.

    A Thermoplastic/Thermoset Blend Exhibiting Thermal Mending and Reversible Adhesion Xiaofan Luo that the DEB phenomenon enables strong and facile adhesion of the same material to itself and to a variety separation · epoxy · self-healing · fracture · adhesion INTRODUCTION P olymeric materials, such as high

  1. 2015 INTERNSHIP REPORT RICE MBA FULL TIME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aazhang, Behnaam

    Marketing Intern Alliance Residential Company Fengyi Zhang Development Analyst Intern Apache Corporation Aaron Fellers Oil and Gas Marketing Intern Atwood Oceanics Shouzhen Luo Finance Intern Baker Hughes Ivy Jonathan Daum Oil and Gas Credit Analyst Andrew Pierpont Oil and Gas Credit Analyst Credit Suisse John

  2. Carbon-based Materials for Energy Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice, Lynn Margaret

    2012-01-01

    G. Luo, W. Qian and F. Wei, Carbon, 18. Q. Zhang, G. Xu, J.Wang, W. Qian and F. Wei, Carbon, 2009, 47, 538 1. Z. Chen,Frackowiak, E. and Béguin, F. Carbon 39, 937-950 (2001) 13.

  3. SOUTHWEST CATALYSIS 2015 SPRING SYMPOSIUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Baton Rouge, LA 70817 jnovak@PIDC.com Lin Luo The Dow Chemical Company 2301 Brazosport Blvd., B-251 University Chair #12;3 3 2015 PROGRAM All talks & breaks will be held in Melcher Hall, Room 150 7:30 AM Registration ­ Victor Johnston, Treasurer (& helpers) 8:25 AM Welcoming Remarks ­ Dan Shantz, Chair 8:30 AM Bob

  4. SOUTHWEST CATALYSIS 2012 SPRING SYMPOSIUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Daniel Shantz Chemical Engineering Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 979-845-3492 shantz.chandler@trinity.edu Lin Luo Dow Chemical Co. 2301 Brazosport Blvd. B-251 Freeport, TX 77541 979-238-3204 LLuo2@dow Chair #12;2012 PROGRAM 7:30 AM Registration ­ John Novak, Treasurer Duncan Hall All talks will be held

  5. SouthWest Catalysis Society 2011 Spring Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    , TX 77478 scott.mitchell@sabicusa.com Lin Luo The Dow Chemical Co. 2301 Brazosport Blvd. Freeport, TX of Texas A&M University to co-sponsor a symposium honoring Prof. Jack Lunsford for his accomplishments Award for Excellence in Applied Catalysis later in the day. On-site registration will begin at 7:30 AM

  6. SOUTHWEST CATALYSIS 2012 SPRING SYMPOSIUM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Daniel Shantz Chemical Engineering Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 979-845-3492 shantz.chandler@trinity.edu Lin Luo Dow Chemical Co. 2301 Brazosport Blvd. B-251 Freeport, TX 77541 979-238-3204 LLuo2@dow #12;2012 PROGRAM 7:30 AM Registration ­ John Novak, Treasurer Duncan Hall All talks will be held in Mc

  7. Feedback based Sparse Recovery for Motion Tracking in RF Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Robert Caiming

    Feedback based Sparse Recovery for Motion Tracking in RF Sensor Networks Heping Song #1 , Tong Liu #2 , Xiaomu Luo #3 , Guoli Wang #4 # School of Information Science and Technology, Sun Yat tracking with radio tomographic networks using received signal strength (RSS) measurements has attracted

  8. Numerical Model Investigation for Potential Methane Explosion and Benzene Vapor Intrusion Associated with High-Ethanol Blend

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Associated with High-Ethanol Blend Releases Jie Ma, Hong Luo, George E. DeVaull,§ William G. Rixey, and Pedro ABSTRACT: Ethanol-blended fuel releases usually stimulate methanogenesis in the subsurface, which could conditions exist. Ethanol- derived methane may also increase the vapor intrusion potential of toxic fuel

  9. On a Control Algorithm for Time-varying Processor Availability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vijay

    1 On a Control Algorithm for Time-varying Processor Availability V. Gupta Member, IEEE and F. Luo Abstract-- We propose an anytime algorithm for control when the processor resource availability is limited vector sequentially to maximally utilize the processing resources available at every time step

  10. Interfacial stress analysis for multi-coating systems using an advanced boundary element method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Yijun

    Interfacial stress analysis for multi-coating systems using an advanced boundary element method J for multi-coating systems using an advanced boundary element method (BEM) developed earlier in [Luo JF, Liu by the analytical solution of a special multi-coating problem. Detailed in- terfacial stress analysis for a two

  11. We incorporated the dental and vertebral similarities of Fruitafossor, tubulidentates, and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reich, David

    intervertebral articulations help the vertebral column resist torsion produced by digging (35). We suggestWe incorporated the dental and vertebral similarities of Fruitafossor, tubulidentates, Vertebr. PalAsiat. 36, 102 (1998). 6. A. Weil, Nature 416, 798 (2002). 7. Z.-X. Luo, Q. Ji, J. R. Wible, C

  12. Numerical study of momentum and heat transfer in unsteady impinging jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Yongmann M.

    Numerical study of momentum and heat transfer in unsteady impinging jets Y.M. Chung a,*, K.H. Luo b of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK Abstract Direct numerical simulations of an unsteady impinging jet vortices emanating from the jet nozzle. These primary vortices dominate the impinging jet flow

  13. Solution-based fabrication of vanadium dioxide on F:SnO2 substrates with largely enhanced thermochromism and low-emissivity for energy-saving

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    thermochromism and low-emissivity for energy-saving applications Zongtao Zhang,ab Yanfeng Gao,*a Hongjie Luo anewapproachofcombiningboththermochromism andlow-emissivityperformance forapplicationssuchas VO2-based energy-saving windows. a State Key promising optical properties for application to energy-efficient smart windows. VO2 thin films are deposited

  14. 12:41 PM 6/18/99 Page 1 GENERATING TESTS FOR CONTROL PORTION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    12:41 PM 6/18/99 Page 1 GENERATING TESTS FOR CONTROL PORTION OF SDL SPECIFICATIONS WITH SAVE1 Gang.A, Montreal, P.Q., H3C 3J7, Canada E-mail:luo@iro.umontreal.ca, Fax: (514) 343 ABSTRACT The signal SAVE consisting of the foll SDL specifications are first abstracted into finite state machines with save

  15. Localised mobilisation of metals, as measured by diffusive gradients in thin-films, in soil historically treated with sewage sludge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    historically treated with sewage sludge Jun Luo a,c , Hao Zhang a, , William Davison a , Ronald G. McLaren b online 11 September 2012 Keywords: Trace metals Soil Sewage sludge Mn oxide Diffusive gradients in thin was investigated in a sandy loam soil historically treated with sewage sludge. After deployment of two DGT

  16. Precipitation variability and fire influence the temporal dynamics of soil CO2 efflux in an arid grassland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Precipitation variability and fire influence the temporal dynamics of soil CO2 efflux in an arid primary production, precipitation vari- ability, soil respiration, wavelet analysis Received 8 November of precipitation affect ecosystem processes (Gerten et al., 2008; Luo et al., 2008). This research is especially

  17. Energy footprint of Locally Produced Ethanol 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiatula, Ebelechukwu

    2011-11-24

    The aim of this study was to conduct a lifecycle wide analysis of the direct and indirect energy inputs and outputs flowing through a bioethanol pathway in Kenya using the life cycle energy assessment technique and energy performance indicators...

  18. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  19. Visa Students by Country of Citizenship -November 2013 Region Undergraduate Graduate Total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togo 0 0 0 272 7 279 Burundi 8 1 9 Comoros 0 0 0 Djibouti 2 0 2 Eritrea 6 1 7 Ethiopia 11 1 12 Kenya 23

  20. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 7 | OCTOBER 2011 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 739 They are regular opponents on the field of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    , Mauritius, Zambia, Kenya and Ghana. Like Murchison, Karoo is protected by government legislation to regulate rail and harbour project for the transportation of ore and other goods from this area of Western

  1. Development of a Computer-based Benchmarking and Analytical Tool: Benchmarking and Energy & Water Savings Tool in Dairy Plants (BEST-Dairy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2013-01-01

    Technology Support Unit (ETSU). 1998. Reducing Energy costsand additional reports (ETSU 1998, NRCAN 2001). If theBritain n/a 20.7 g N/A N/A ETSU (1998) Kenya Okoth (1997)

  2. Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program Development of a Computer-based Benchmarking and Analytical Tool: Benchmarking and Energy & Water Savings Tool in Dairy Plants (BEST-Dairy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Tengfang

    2013-01-01

    Technology Support Unit (ETSU). 1998. Reducing Energy costsand additional reports (ETSU 1998, NRCAN 2001). If theBritain n/a 20.7 g N/A N/A ETSU (1998) Kenya Okoth (1997)

  3. Energy Policy 29 (2001) 11331143 Ethanol as a lead replacement: phasing out leaded gasoline in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Valerie

    2001-01-01

    lead with ethanol using primarily their by-product molasses production include Zimbabwe, Kenya, Egypt proponents have typically focused on the benefits of ethanol in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, local

  4. Palaeoclimate Coordinating Lead Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Delmotte (France), Daniel Olago (Kenya), Bette Otto-Bliesner (USA), W. Richard Peltier (Canada), Stefan Rahmstorf. Masson-Delmotte, D. Olago, B. Otto-Bliesner, W.R. Peltier, S. Rahmstorf, R. Ramesh, D. Raynaud, D. Rind

  5. Classical biological control of Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), (Diptera:Tephritidae): natural enemy exploration and nontarget testing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trostle Duke, Marcia Katherine

    2006-08-16

    and collection of natural enemies), and stage seven (testing and selecting natural enemies for additional work). Coffee was collected monthly from three locations in Kenya from November 1997 through July 1999. Four species of tephritid flies and ten parasitoid...

  6. "International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 177

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    . England, 10. Iran, 11. Iraq, 12. Jordan, 13. Kenya, 14. Kuwait, 15. Lebanon, 16. Malaysia, 17. Morocco, 18, Physics, Egypt 55. Dr Lobna Saleh, Physics, Egypt, 56. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser

  7. Stress and decision-making in a Developing world context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Devani, Amal

    2014-01-01

    This paper gauges the effect of physiological stress on time preference in the urban poor from informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. Using a standardized psychosocial stress challenge (the Trier social stress test (TSST)) ...

  8. From MSU News Service Leaking cisterns, inoperable solar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    From MSU News Service Leaking cisterns, inoperable solar panels and a local populace that didn development skeleton littering the landscape of Kenya." Seven members of the MSU student chapter of Engineers

  9. Spatially explicit, individual-based modelling of pastoralists' mobility in the rangelands of east Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacOpiyo, Laban Adero

    2005-11-01

    An agent based-model of mobility of pastoralists was developed and applied to the semi-arid rangeland region extending from southern Ethiopia to northern Kenya. This model was used to investigate temporal adaptation of pastoralists to the spatial...

  10. QUICK FACTS Official Development Assistance (ODA) dropped from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gasch, Audrey P.

    investment environment and increase resources to reducing poverty. In developing countries,internet use has of both national poverty reduction and development plans. Mali and Kenya WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE? · Bring

  11. A portrait of copy-number polymorphism in Drosophila melanogaster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dopman, Erik B.

    segments are the most distinguishing features characterizing divergence in ge- nome architecture between variation) within species drive these exceptional differences in genome architecture (4). Although from the United States (New York), West Africa (Cameroon), East Africa (Kenya), French Polynesia

  12. Anatomy of a Temporary Country: in eight acts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmstrom, Becky

    2011-01-01

    here in the  camp.  Some refugee  women make the panties, anemia, says WFP.   The refugees say it prevents babies. I of a twenty­ year­old refugee camp in Kenya.   We are still 

  13. Land use change in Maasailand drivers, dynamics and impacts on largeherbivores and agro-pastoralism 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Msoffe, Fortunata Urban

    2010-11-24

    The Maasailand of Kenya and Tanzania supports one of the richest wildlife populations remaining on Earth. However, over the last century, Maasailand has experienced land transformation notably through conversion of former ...

  14. Thermal and mechanical development of the East African Rift System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebinger, Cynthia Joan

    1988-01-01

    The deep basins, uplifted flanks, and volcanoes of the Western and Kenya rift systems have developed along the western and eastern margins of the 1300 km-wide East African plateau. Structural patterns deduced from field, ...

  15. An Integrated Mapping And Remote Sensing Investigation Of The...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Remote Sensing Investigation Of The Structural Control For Fumarole Location In The Eburru Volcanic Complex, Kenya Rift Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to...

  16. Draft January 13, (ver 12) Africas technology leap are we part of the development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Examples are countries like South Africa, Kenya, Nigeria and Angola. A driving factor has been Brazilian, ABB, Head of Public Affairs - Sweden and Northern Europe Region "Sun-energy project Sub Saharan Africa

  17. KYOTO UNIVERSITY ADMISSIONS GUIDE for INTERNATIONAL APPLICANTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Integrated Human Studies/ Human and Environmental Studies 127 112 140 155 - - 70 46 Energy Science - - 128 Georgia 2 Egypt 13 Sudan 3 Libya 2 Tunisia 3 Kenya 6 Tanzania 1 Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 Nigeria

  18. www.princeton.edu/admission Profile 201112

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rowley, Clarence W.

    to identifying students who possess the academic ability, energy, enthusiasm, and ambition to take full advantage Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Kenya Korea, Republic of Lebanon Malaysia Mexico Mongolia New Zealand Nigeria

  19. The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership Conference is presented by NDIA with technical support from ONR The Naval Postgraduate School's Role

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Directed Energy Systems · Software Engineering · Combat System Physics · Electronic Warfare · SIGINT 1 Kenya 1 Nigeria 1 Rwanda 1 Senegal 1 Tanzania 1 Tunisia 4 11 #12;The 2006 Naval S&T Partnership

  20. How the Drudgery of Getting Water Shapes Women's Lives in Low-income Urban Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crow, Ben D; McPike, Jamie

    2009-01-01

    Organization and Gender in Water Management: A Case StudyOdaba, Project Of?cer, Kenya Water for Health (KWAHO) on 15Talk about Their Needs for Water and Sanitation. Environment

  1. State and national household concentrations of PM2.5 from solid cookfuel use: Results from measurements and modeling in India for estimation of the global burden of disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    to Indoor Air Pollution from Biomass Combustion in Kenya.to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion among womenV: Air pollution from household solid cookfuel combustion in

  2. Adding Fuel to the Fire; the Effect of Political Unrest on Forest Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duff, Alice

    2012-11-29

    The connection between forest fires and political unrest has been noted throughout the literature (see Thomas, 2012,) and in a number of countries including; Malawi, Madagascar, Kenya and Ethiopia (Kull, 2002, Hoffmann et ...

  3. BioMed Central Page 1 of 12

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Weidong

    Research article Modular co-evolution of metabolic networks Jing Zhao1,2,4, Guo-Hui Ding3, Lin Tao2, Hong Yu2, Zhong-Hao Yu1, Jian- Hua Luo1, Zhi-Wei Cao*2 and Yi-Xue Li*2,3,1 Address: 1School of Life Sciences, Logistical Engineering University, Chongqing 400016, China Email: Jing Zhao - zjane_cn@sjtu.edu.cn; Guo

  4. Accepted by ASME J. of Biomechanical Engineering on 03/10/2006 One-Dimensional Models of the Human Biliary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    coefficient in a 90o bend d Inner diameter of duct mm E Young's modulus of materials Pa f Darcy friction, Glasgow, G12 8QW, UK Fax: 0044-141-330 4111 E-mail: X.Y.Luo@maths.gla.ac.uk #12;2 Abstract This paper change the equivalent diameter and length of the cystic duct. The effect of the Young's modulus

  5. 12:41 PM 6/18/99 Page 1 GENERATING TESTS FOR CONTROL PORTION OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von Bochmann, Gregor

    12:41 PM 6/18/99 Page 1 GENERATING TESTS FOR CONTROL PORTION OF SDL SPECIFICATIONS WITH SAVE 1 Gang.A, Montreal, P.Q., H3C 3J7, Canada E­mail:luo@iro.umontreal.ca, Fax: (514) 343­5834. ABSTRACT The signal SAVE are first abstracted into finite state machines with save constructs; next the resulting machines

  6. Challenges and Experience in Prototyping a Multi-Modal Stream Analytic and Monitoring Application on System S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, Xiaohui "Helen"

    on System S Kun-Lung Wu klwu@us.ibm.com Philip S. Yu psyu@us.ibm.com Bugra Gedik bgedik@us.ibm.com Kirsten W. Hildrum hildrum@us.ibm.com Charu C. Aggarwal charu@us.ibm.com Eric Bouillet ericbou@us.ibm.com Wei Fan weifan@us.ibm.com David A. George dag@us.ibm.com Xiaohui Gu xiaohui@us.ibm.com Gang Luo luog@us.ibm

  7. Michael A. Reynolds Shell Oil Company

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Americas Sugarland, TX 77478 scott.mitchell@sabicusa.com Lin Luo The Dow Chemical Co. 2301 Brazosport Blvd officers have collaborated with Texas A&M to co-sponsor a symposium honoring Prof. Jack Lunsford://futureowls.rice.edu/futureowls/Driving_Directions.asp. On-site registration will begin at 7:30 AM and the program will begin at 8:00 AM. The registration

  8. Stephen R. Boucher Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    -Naude, "Immigration and the US Farm Labor Supply," Migration Letters, 2012, 9(1): 87 ­ 99. · Stephen R. Boucher Experiments in Development Economics: Risk Valuation in Morocco, Kenya, and Peru," Agricultural and Resource-308. · Steve Boucher, Michael Carter and Catherine Guirkinger, "Risk Rationing and Wealth Effects in Credit

  9. IST at Penn State $63 million in cumulative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    · An information network in Kenya that connects laborers with job opportunities · A web service (Weebly.S. in Security and Risk Analysis · B.A. in Information Sciences and Technology IST courses center on teamwork are secure and to help evaluate risk associated with business decisions. For more information: College

  10. Supplement 20, Part 7, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Judith H.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Tolson, Deborah A.; Hood, Martha W.

    1976-01-01

    ?8>? ? na? ?& ?? ?! f & M FL ? ? ?? JAPANESE ?? ?* s a ? ? ? 0 M ? m ft ? ? JUL ?. ?? affiate ?== 's-, ?? , ?> ? ? Mjs? m ? % mm "t. . : . t? ^ ? HOSTS Abalistes stellaris Earukhin, ?. ?., 1971 ? (Darmkanal..., ?. ?., 1973 a Kenya Ormi?res, R.; Sprague, V.; and Bartoli, P., 1973 a Beauduc Camargue, France [Abramis ballerus] sinets Osmanov, S. 0., 1971 a Myxobolus macrocapsularis Uzbekistan (gill filaments) Abramis brama Trichodina domerguei subsp. domerguei...

  11. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Johannes

    Neufeldt c a Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Cornell University, 9090 Bradfield Hall, Ithaca, NY 2011 Accepted 3 May 2011 Keywords: Biochar Cooking Productivity Pyrolysis Stoves a b s t r a c generation in rural households of western Kenya. Biomass availability for pyrolysis varied widely from 0

  12. alf the worlds population of nearly six billion people prepare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of the developing world. Carbon dioxide, methane and other greenhouse gases from cooking Þres may also foster global British economist E. F. Schumacher in his 1973 classic Small Is Beautiful. Schu- macher made a compelling and materials science to market research and grass-roots ed- ucational campaigns. Cookstoves in Kenya Acase

  13. R E S P O N S E Grevy's zebra conservation: overcoming threats of isolation,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubenstein, Daniel I.

    larger populations (Kenya Wildlife Service, 2008). Currently there is no genetic data on which to base of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA 6 Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park situation from developing. Such data could also identify populations that are currently at risk

  14. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

  15. COLLEGE OF AG SCIENCES INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL EMBEDDED EXPERIENCES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaye, Jason P.

    with a spring break trip to Honduras, 1 to 3 credits Spring break 2012 Dave Ader Leif Jensen Melanie Foster strategies course and study tour to Brazil, 3 credits Spring break 2012 Melanie Gilbert Lyn Garling in Jordan End of May, 2012 Kate Butler Melanie Gilbert Kenya AGRO/CED 497C Agricultural Systems

  16. A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    A Scalable DC Microgrid Architecture for Rural Electrification in Emerging Regions P. Achintya the design and experimental validation of a scalable dc microgrid architecture for rural electrification. The microgrid design has been driven by field data collected from Kenya and India. The salient features

  17. Georgia Water Resources Institute Annual Technical Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda) and is used-Fired Power Plants in the Chattahoochee-Apalachicola (ACF) & Etowah-Coosa (ACT) Rivers Basic Information Title: Toxic Metalloid (As, Se, Sb) Enrichment from Coal-Fired Power Plants in the Chattahoochee

  18. STUDENT CONFERENCE IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE, THEME: BIODIVERSITY IN AFRICA PRESENT STATE, CHALLENGES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    STUDENT CONFERENCE IN CONSERVATION SCIENCE, THEME: BIODIVERSITY IN AFRICA ­ PRESENT STATE. Prepared by Tendai Musvuugwa The student conference in conservation science was held this year in Nairobi of habitat health. Other studies presented during the conference focussed on the Mau Forest in Kenya's Rift

  19. Karen Imgrund Deak kdeak@nd.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tank, Jennifer L.

    Refereed publications Deak, KI and Malamy, J. Osmotic regulation of root system architecture. The Plant Journal 43:17-28. MacGregor, DR, Deak, KI, and Malamy, J. Root system architecture in Arabidopsis grown to Intellectual Property. Catholic University of East Africa (Nairobi, Kenya), 2012 Patents and International

  20. CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAPREx Programme Information Cambridge in Africa The Cambridge in Africa (CiA) Programme in East Africa- Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda, that supports the training of African doctoral and post-doctoral researchers. It aims to strengthen Africa's own capacity for a sustainable research

  1. ORE THAN 33 MILLION refugees and internally displaced people languish in the world today.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    ORE THAN 33 MILLION refugees and internally displaced people languish in the world today are not nearly as bad as death itself. Abebe Feyissa, an Ethiopian refugee, raised this question powerfully at a conference on advocacy for the rights of refugees recently sponsored in Nairobi, Kenya, by the Boston College

  2. The BosTon College Chroniclenovember 2, 2006-vol. 15 no. 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianyu

    of thousands of Africans who, caught up in recurring violence, came to be resettled at a refugee camp in Kenya that this terrible refugee life can reduce one to act in a way that is degrad- ing to oneself," he said. "One can been left to die in the camp. Someone who lost the best years of their life in a refugee camp does

  3. Comparing changes in haematologic parameters occurring in patients included in randomized controlled trials of artesunate-amodiaquine vs single and combination treatments of uncomplicated falciparum in sub-Saharan Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01

    AQ AS non-ACT Total AQ+SP Mali Uganda Rwanda ACT vs ACT andD0, D7, D14, D28 D0, D28 Mali Rwanda Rwanda Uganda D0, D14Kenya Madagascar maximum Mali-Bancouna Mali-Bougoula Rwanda-

  4. Climate Change Research Centre, UNSW 4-5th March 2015 `Unequal Exposure: the distribuFon and health impacts of air polluFon in Australia'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Donna

    gas exploration and production in Queensland Dr Mariann Lloyd-Smith PhD (Law) Senior 760,000 Formaldehyde 63,000 Kenya Processing Plant & Compressor PM 10 & 2.5 increase 2011/12 - 5 ` >50,000 kg proppants silica based products `exposure to airborne silica a health hazard to workers

  5. THE LUMINA PROJECT http://light.lbl.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    THE LUMINA PROJECT http://light.lbl.gov The Lumina Project includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology of off-grid lighting solutions for the developing world. Periodic Research Notes present new results on a Shoestring Budget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small Businesses in Kenya Kristen Radecsky*, Peter

  6. THE LUMINA PROJECT http://light.lbl.gov

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Arne

    THE LUMINA PROJECT http://light.lbl.gov The Lumina Project includes an Off-Grid Lighting Technology of off-grid lighting solutions for the developing world. Periodic Research Notes present new results: Selling Off-Grid Lighting Products in Rural Kenya Jennifer Tracy, Peter Alstone, Arne Jacobson and Evan

  7. Going Global Inspired by passion and driven by research, Western Heads East (WHE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lennard, William N.

    women's groups, WHE has introduced probiotic yogurt as a means of addressing health issues related in Africa · Overall goal to establish probiotic yogurt programs in Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda and school lunch programs, while producing and distributing probiotic yogurt · Provides probiotic yogurt

  8. TheStar.com -Ideas -World looks to science to solve food crisis http://www.thestar.com/printArticle/454746 1 of 5 10/19/08 4:45 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raizada, Manish N.

    in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa to develop genetically modified drought-tolerant corn, usingTheStar.com - Ideas - World looks to science to solve food crisis http world food crisis," former UN secretary general Koffi Annan called for a Green Revolution for Africa

  9. Waiting to Vote in 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart III, Charles H.

    2013-04-01

    Waiting in line to vote is one of the clichés of Election Day, whether the venue is Kenya or the United States. The length of time waiting to vote has regularly been an issue in the voting wars of the past decade. Long ...

  10. Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Zero Order Draft Special Report Renewable Energy Sources (SRREN) Summary for Policymakers Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. 5-8 May 2011. #12;Final Plenary Special Report Renewable Energy Sources), Christoph von Stechow (Germany), Aviel Verbruggen (Belgium), Kevin Urama (Kenya/Nigeria), Ryan Wiser (USA

  11. IMPACTS OF GREENHOUSE GAS AND PARTICULATE EMISSIONS FROM WOODFUEL PRODUCTION AND END-USE IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    resources like Gabon, Nigeria, and Angola, biomass constitutes the majority of national energy consumption-SAHARAN AFRICA Robert Bailis1 , David Pennise2 , Majid Ezzati3 , Daniel M. Kammen1,4 , Evans Kituyi5 1 Energy & African Center for Technology Studies, Nairobi, Kenya ABSTRACT: Household energy in sub-Saharan Africa

  12. Liquid Biofuels Strategies and Policies in selected

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Kenya 34 Figure 10 Palm oil processing 41 Figure 11 Strategic national choices on biofuels development Ecosystems ­ Africa EU European Union FAO Food and Agricultural Organisation FDI Foreign Direct Investment.2.2 The risks of depending on Climate Change Market Systems and Foreign Direct Investment 16 2.2.3 Risks from

  13. ISSUE 55 JULY 2008 Genes and disease

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    ISSUE 55 JULY 2008 FUNDING Genes and disease In this issue... FUNDING AND UPDATES 2­5 Project building, in Kenya, South Africa, Uganda and elsewhere in Africa (see page 5). The largest ever study. The Institute will devote a large part of its high-throughput genotyping pipeline, headed by Dr Panos Deloukas

  14. The Story of Silanga School Exploring sustainability online and on site

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    . The aim of the project has been to enable rural communities in Sub-Saharan Africa to use advanced digital University, UK www.veselproject.net - - - UK Kenya The project VeSeL (Village e-Science for Life) is a re- search project, part of the Bridging the Global Digital Divide network sponsored by the Engi- neering

  15. Revue de presse ANGLAIS Semaine du 05 au 11 novembre 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    Almost) Everyone Loves Solar (By Michael Grunwald) : Americans want more power from the sun, but GOP the city : The long arm of organised crimes stretches to Milan. Middle East and Africa Kenya's mobile / Environment Lift-off for urban cable car projects as cities seek transport solutions (By Sophie Landrin

  16. Complex seismic anisotropy at the border of a very low velocity province at the base of the Earth's mantle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wen, Lianxing

    Complex seismic anisotropy at the border of a very low velocity province at the base of the Earth at distances between 90° and 150° by the seismic stations in three temporary broadband PASSCAL seismic arrays: the Kaapvaal seismic array (1997­1999), the Tanzania seismic array (1994­1995), and the Ethiopia/Kenya seismic

  17. Uranyl Sequestration: Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Uranyl Complexes with a Tetradentate Methylterephthalamide Ligand

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ni, Chengbao; Shuh, David; Raymond, Kenneth

    2011-03-07

    Uranyl complexes of a bis(methylterephthalamide) ligand (LH{sub 4}) have been synthesized and characterized by X-ray crystallography. The structure is an unexpected [Me{sub 4}N]{sub 8}[L(UO{sub 2})]{sub 4} tetramer, formed via coordination of the two MeTAM units of L to two uranyl moieties. Addition of KOH to the tetramer gave the corresponding monomeric uranyl methoxide species [Me{sub 4}N]K{sub 2}[LUO{sub 2}(OMe)].

  18. Houston, TX Trinity Uni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    Baton Rou jnovak@PI Lin Luo The Dow C 2301 Brazo Freeport, T lluo2@dow NACS Rep Mike Reyn Shell Inter pecially if yo sh. e colleagues am to them ur Treasurer ould be mad nt registrati ip. : The best 00 t). WCS p (last #12;3 7 8 8 9 10 10 1 12 2 3 3 7:30 AM 8:25 AM 8:30 AM 9:15 AM 0:00 AM 0:30 AM 1

  19. On the photoelectron velocity-map imaging of lutetium monoxide anion LuO{sup ?}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Zhiling; Xie, Hua; Qin, Zhengbo; Cong, Ran; Wu, Xia; Tang, Zichao, E-mail: zctang@dicp.ac.cn; Fan, Hongjun, E-mail: fanhj@dicp.ac.cn [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China)] [State Key Laboratory of Molecular Reaction Dynamics, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023 (China); Li, Quanjiang [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, and College of Advanced Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, and College of Advanced Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)

    2014-01-21

    We report a combined photoelectron velocity-map imaging spectroscopy and density functional theory investigation on lutetium monoxide anion. Transition between the X {sup 1}?{sup +} anion electronic ground state and the neutral X {sup 2}?{sup +} electronic ground state is observed. Vibrationally resolved spectra were obtained at four different photon energies, providing a wealth of spectroscopic information for the electronic ground states of the anionic lutetium monoxide and corresponding neutral species. Franck-Condon simulations of the ground-state transition are performed to assign vibrational structure in the spectra and to assist in identifying the observed spectral bands. The electronic ground state of LuO{sup ?} is found to have a vibrational frequency of 743 ± 10 cm{sup ?1} and an equilibrium bond length of 1.841 Å. The electron affinity of LuO is measured to be 1.624 ± 0.002 eV. The fundamental frequency of ground-state LuO is estimated to be 839 ± 10 cm{sup ?1}.

  20. Predicting suitable environments and potential occurrences for coelacanths (Latimeria spp.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Hannah L.; Bentley, Andrew C.; Peterson, A. Townsend

    2011-01-01

    ). Latimeria chalumnae is now known to inhabit a range encompassing the east coast of Africa from Kenya to South Africa, and extending east to Madagascar and the Comoros Islands. In 1997, a second species of coelacanth, L. menadoensis, was discovered off... coelacanth species. Among these areas are several previously postulated as harboring coelacanths (although sightings remain unconfirmed), including localities locations off the northern coast of Madagascar and the islands of Mwali and Maore in the Comoros...

  1. The importance of context in delivering effective EIA: Case studies from East Africa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marara, Madeleine; Okello, Nick; Kuhanwa, Zainab; Douven, Wim; Beevers, Lindsay Leentvaar, Jan

    2011-04-15

    This paper reviews and compares the condition of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) system in three countries in the East Africa region: Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania. The criteria used for the evaluation and the comparison of each system are based on the elements of the legal, administrative and procedural frameworks, as well as the context in which they operate. These criteria are adapted from the evaluation and quality control criteria derived from a number of literature sources. The study reveals that the EIA systems of Kenya and Tanzania are at a similar stage in their development. The two countries, the first to introduce the EIA concept into their jurisdiction in this part of Africa, therefore have more experience than Rwanda in the practice of environmental impact assessment, where the legislation and process requires more time to mature both from the governmental and societal perspective. The analysis of the administrative and procedural frameworks highlights the weakness in the autonomy of the competent authority, in all three countries. Finally a major finding of this study is that the contextual set up i.e. the socio-economic and political situation plays an important role in the performance of an EIA system. The context in developing countries is very different from developed countries where the EIA concept originates. Interpreting EIA conditions in countries like Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania requires that the analysis for determining the effectiveness of their systems should be undertaken within a relevant framework, taking into account the specific requirements of those countries.

  2. Sparse Quantum Codes from Quantum Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dave Bacon; Steven T. Flammia; Aram W. Harrow; Jonathan Shi

    2015-07-10

    We describe a general method for turning quantum circuits into sparse quantum subsystem codes. Using this prescription, we can map an arbitrary stabilizer code into a new subsystem code with the same distance and number of encoded qubits but where all the generators have constant weight, at the cost of adding some ancilla qubits. With an additional overhead of ancilla qubits, the new code can also be made spatially local. Applying our construction to certain concatenated stabilizer codes yields families of subsystem codes with constant-weight generators and with minimum distance $d = n^{1-\\varepsilon}$, where $\\varepsilon = O(1/\\sqrt{\\log n})$. For spatially local codes in $D$ dimensions we nearly saturate a bound due to Bravyi and Terhal and achieve $d = n^{1-\\varepsilon-1/D}$. Previously the best code distance achievable with constant-weight generators in any dimension, due to Freedman, Meyer and Luo, was $O(\\sqrt{n\\log n})$ for a stabilizer code.

  3. Surface Albedo/BRDF Parameters (Terra/Aqua MODIS)

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Trishchenko, Alexander

    Spatially and temporally complete surface spectral albedo/BRDF products over the ARM SGP area were generated using data from two Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensors on Terra and Aqua satellites. A landcover-based fitting (LBF) algorithm is developed to derive the BRDF model parameters and albedo product (Luo et al., 2004a). The approach employs a landcover map and multi-day clearsky composites of directional surface reflectance. The landcover map is derived from the Landsat TM 30-meter data set (Trishchenko et al., 2004a), and the surface reflectances are from MODIS 500m-resolution 8-day composite products (MOD09/MYD09). The MOD09/MYD09 data are re-arranged into 10-day intervals for compatibility with other satellite products, such as those from the NOVA/AVHRR and SPOT/VGT sensors. The LBF method increases the success rate of the BRDF fitting process and enables more accurate monitoring of surface temporal changes during periods of rapid spring vegetation green-up and autumn leaf-fall, as well as changes due to agricultural practices and snowcover variations (Luo et al., 2004b, Trishchenko et al., 2004b). Albedo/BRDF products for MODIS on Terra and MODIS on Aqua, as well as for Terra/Aqua combined dataset, are generated at 500m spatial resolution and every 10-day since March 2000 (Terra) and July 2002 (Aqua and combined), respectively. The purpose for the latter product is to obtain a more comprehensive dataset that takes advantages of multi-sensor observations (Trishchenko et al., 2002). To fill data gaps due to cloud presence, various interpolation procedures are applied based on a multi-year observation database and referring to results from other locations with similar landcover property. Special seasonal smoothing procedure is also applied to further remove outliers and artifacts in data series.

  4. Integrating Empirical-Modeling Approaches to Improve Understanding of Terrestrial Ecology Processes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, Heather [University of Oklahoma; Luo, Yiqi [University of Oklahoma; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Recent decades have seen tremendous increases in the quantity of empirical ecological data collected by individual investigators, as well as through research networks such as FLUXNET (Baldocchi et al., 2001). At the same time, advances in computer technology have facilitated the development and implementation of large and complex land surface and ecological process models. Separately, each of these information streams provides useful, but imperfect information about ecosystems. To develop the best scientific understanding of ecological processes, and most accurately predict how ecosystems may cope with global change, integration of empirical and modeling approaches is necessary. However, true integration - in which models inform empirical research, which in turn informs models (Fig. 1) - is not yet common in ecological research (Luo et al., 2011). The goal of this workshop, sponsored by the Department of Energy, Office of Science, Biological and Environmental Research (BER) program, was to bring together members of the empirical and modeling communities to exchange ideas and discuss scientific practices for increasing empirical - model integration, and to explore infrastructure and/or virtual network needs for institutionalizing empirical - model integration (Yiqi Luo, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA). The workshop included presentations and small group discussions that covered topics ranging from model-assisted experimental design to data driven modeling (e.g. benchmarking and data assimilation) to infrastructure needs for empirical - model integration. Ultimately, three central questions emerged. How can models be used to inform experiments and observations? How can experimental and observational results be used to inform models? What are effective strategies to promote empirical - model integration?

  5. Malaria in Zanzibar: A Study on Zanzibari Cultural Barriers to Malaria Prevention and Treatment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramji, Abdulrasul

    2014-05-05

    and staff for making my time at Texas A & M Health Science Center’s School of Rural Public Health a great experience. I also want to extend my gratitude to the Dr. Zul Premjee at the Aga Khan University Hospital in Nairobi Kenya, who provided support... associated with rice production. Much of Zanzibar consists of rural farmland and agricultural practices should take into account of the potential to increase vector influence in an area. While attempts are made through pesticides to eliminate mosquitoes...

  6. Microsoft Word - Measurement and Estima#4786.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. Microsoft Word - Nepal_10km_solar_country_report.doc

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  8. Microsoft Word - Sri_Lanka_10km_solar_country_report.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Microsoft Word - THE EFFECT OF OBSTACLE#4781.doc

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  10. Microsoft Word - central-america-document_de-dh.doc

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  11. Microsoft Word - chinadocument_de-dh-0506.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Microsoft Word - cuba-document_de-dh.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Microsoft Word - ghana-document_de-dh.doc

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  14. Kenyon Municipal Utilities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation Kinfra | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  16. Kerala State Electricity Board KSEB | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  17. Kerrville Public Utility Board | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  18. Key Associados Bradesco JV | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  19. Khandelwal Solar Power Ltd KSPL | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  20. Khazanah Nasional Berhad Beijing China Sciences General Energy JV | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Kiamichi Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Kilara Power Pvt Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  3. Kimmel Energy Associates | Open Energy Information

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  4. Kindness Intelligence Solar Service KIS | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  5. Kinesis Enerji | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  6. Kinetic Energy LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  7. Kingsbury Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  8. Kingsun Optoelectronics Co Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  9. Kingsun Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  10. Kioto Photovoltaics GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  11. Kirbyville Light & Power Co | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  12. Klasing Kabel GmbH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  13. Klebl Group | Open Energy Information

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  14. Knoxville Utilities Board Smart Grid Project | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  15. KoRenta AG | Open Energy Information

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  16. Kokam America | Open Energy Information

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  17. Kokam Engineering Company Ltd | Open Energy Information

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  18. Kokhanok Village Council (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

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  19. Kolin Town Council | Open Energy Information

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  20. Komax Holding AG | Open Energy Information

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  1. Komex Electronics Material Inc KEMI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  2. Kompass Corporate Finance GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

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  3. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  4. Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiPippo, R.

    1984-10-01

    The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

  5. Structure of continental rifts: Role of older features and magmatism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, G.R.

    1996-12-31

    Recent geological and geophysical studies in several continental rifts have begun to shed light on the details of the processes which govern the structural evolution of these important exploration targets. In Kenya and Tanzania, the classic East African rift has been the object of several investigations which reveal that its location follows the boundary (suture ?) between the Tanzanian craton (Archean) and Mozambiquan belt (Proterozoic), The Baikal rift also follows a similar boundary, and the Mid-continent rift of North America appears to do the same. Rifts themselves often act as zones of weakness which are reactivated by younger tectonic regimes. The classic North American example of this effect is the Eocambrian Southern Oklahoma aulacogen which was deformed to create the Anadarko basin and Wichita uplift in the late Paleozoic. The Central basin platform has a similar history although the original rift formed at {approximately}1,100Ma. Integration of geophysical data with petrologic and geochemical data from several rift zones has also provided a new picture of the nature and extent of magmatic modification of the crust. An interesting contradiction is that Phanerozoic rifts, except the Afar region, show little evidence for major magmatic modification of the crust whereas, at least in North America, many Precambrian rifts are associated with very large mafic bodies in the crust. The Kenya rift displays evidence for modification of the lower crust in a two-phase magmatic history, but upper crustal magmatic features are limited to local intrusions associated with volcanoes. In this rift, complex basement structure plays a much more important role than previously realized, and the geophysical signatures of basement structure and magmatism are easy to confuse. If this is also the case in other rifts, additional rift basins remain to be discovered.

  6. Structure of continental rifts: Role of older features and magmatism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keller, G.R. )

    1996-01-01

    Recent geological and geophysical studies in several continental rifts have begun to shed light on the details of the processes which govern the structural evolution of these important exploration targets. In Kenya and Tanzania, the classic East African rift has been the object of several investigations which reveal that its location follows the boundary (suture ) between the Tanzanian craton (Archean) and Mozambiquan belt (Proterozoic), The Baikal rift also follows a similar boundary, and the Mid-continent rift of North America appears to do the same. Rifts themselves often act as zones of weakness which are reactivated by younger tectonic regimes. The classic North American example of this effect is the Eocambrian Southern Oklahoma aulacogen which was deformed to create the Anadarko basin and Wichita uplift in the late Paleozoic. The Central basin platform has a similar history although the original rift formed at [approximately]1,100Ma. Integration of geophysical data with petrologic and geochemical data from several rift zones has also provided a new picture of the nature and extent of magmatic modification of the crust. An interesting contradiction is that Phanerozoic rifts, except the Afar region, show little evidence for major magmatic modification of the crust whereas, at least in North America, many Precambrian rifts are associated with very large mafic bodies in the crust. The Kenya rift displays evidence for modification of the lower crust in a two-phase magmatic history, but upper crustal magmatic features are limited to local intrusions associated with volcanoes. In this rift, complex basement structure plays a much more important role than previously realized, and the geophysical signatures of basement structure and magmatism are easy to confuse. If this is also the case in other rifts, additional rift basins remain to be discovered.

  7. A comparative theoretical study on core-hole excitation spectra of azafullerene and its derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deng, Yunfeng [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China) [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China); Department of Physics, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025 (China); Gao, Bin, E-mail: bin.gao@uit.no [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China) [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China); Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry (CTCC), Department of Chemistry, University of Tromsø—The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø (Norway); Deng, Mingsen, E-mail: deng@gznc.edu.cn [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China)] [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China); Luo, Yi [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China) [Guizhou Provincial Key Laboratory of Computational Nano-material Science, Guizhou Normal College, Guiyang 550018 (China); Department of Theoretical Chemistry, School of Biotechnology, Royal Institute of Technology, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2014-03-28

    The core-hole excitation spectra—near-edge x-ray absorption spectroscopy (NEXAFS), x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES), and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) shake-up satellites have been simulated at the level of density functional theory for the azafullerene C{sub 59}N and its derivatives (C{sub 59}N){sup +}, C{sub 59}HN, (C{sub 59}N){sub 2}, and C{sub 59}N–C{sub 60}, in which the XPS shake-up satellites were simulated using our developed equivalent core hole Kohn-Sham (ECH-KS) density functional theory approach [B. Gao, Z. Wu, and Y. Luo, J. Chem. Phys. 128, 234704 (2008)] which aims for the study of XPS shake-up satellites of large-scale molecules. Our calculated spectra are generally in good agreement with available experimental results that validates the use of the ECH-KS method in the present work. The nitrogen K-edge NEXAFS, XES, and XPS shake-up satellites spectra in general can be used as fingerprints to distinguish the azafullerene C{sub 59}N and its different derivatives. Meanwhile, different carbon K-edge spectra could also provide detailed information of (local) electronic structures of different molecules. In particular, a peak (at around 284.5 eV) in the carbon K-edge NEXAFS spectrum of the heterodimer C{sub 59}N–C{sub 60} is confirmed to be related to the electron transfer from the C{sub 59}N part to the C{sub 60} part in this charge-transfer complex.

  8. A computational investigation of diesel and biodiesel combustion and NOx formation in a light-duty compression ignition engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Zihan; Srinivasan, Kalyan K.; Krishnan, Sundar R.; Som, Sibendu

    2012-04-24

    Diesel and biodiesel combustion in a multi-cylinder light duty diesel engine were simulated during a closed cycle (from IVC to EVO), using a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code, CONVERGE, coupled with detailed chemical kinetics. The computational domain was constructed based on engine geometry and compression ratio measurements. A skeletal n-heptane-based diesel mechanism developed by researchers at Chalmers University of Technology and a reduced biodiesel mechanism derived and validated by Luo and co-workers were applied to model the combustion chemistry. The biodiesel mechanism contains 89 species and 364 reactions and uses methyl decanoate, methyl-9- decenoate, and n-heptane as the surrogate fuel mixture. The Kelvin-Helmholtz and Rayleigh-Taylor (KH-RT) spray breakup model for diesel and biodiesel was calibrated to account for the differences in physical properties of the fuels which result in variations in atomization and spray development characteristics. The simulations were able to capture the experimentally observed pressure and apparent heat release rate trends for both the fuels over a range of engine loads (BMEPs from 2.5 to 10 bar) and fuel injection timings (from 0���° BTDC to 10���° BTDC), thus validating the overall modeling approach as well as the chemical kinetic models of diesel and biodiesel surrogates. Moreover, quantitative NOx predictions for diesel combustion and qualitative NOx predictions for biodiesel combustion were obtained with the CFD simulations and the in-cylinder temperature trends were correlated to the NOx trends."

  9. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  10. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  11. Development of the scintillator-based probe for fast-ion losses in the HL-2A tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Y. P. Liu, Yi; Yuan, G. L.; Song, X. Y.; Yang, J. W.; Li, X.; Chen, W.; Li, Y.; Yan, L. W.; Song, X. M.; Yang, Q. W.; Duan, X. R.; Luo, X. B.; Liu, Y. Q.; Hua, Y.; Isobe, M.

    2014-05-15

    A new scintillator-based lost fast-ion probe (SLIP) has been developed and operated in the HL-2A tokamak [L. W. Yan, X. R. Duan, X. T. Ding, J. Q. Dong, Q. W. Yang, Yi Liu, X. L. Zou, D. Q. Liu, W. M. Xuan, L. Y. Chen, J. Rao, X. M. Song, Y. Huang, W. C. Mao, Q. M. Wang, Q. Li, Z. Cao, B. Li, J. Y. Cao, G. J. Lei, J. H. Zhang, X. D. Li, W. Chen, J. Chen, C. H. Cui, Z. Y. Cui, Z. C. Deng, Y. B. Dong, B. B. Feng, Q. D. Gao, X. Y. Han, W. Y. Hong, M. Huang, X. Q. Ji, Z. H. Kang, D. F. Kong, T. Lan, G. S. Li, H. J. Li, Qing Li, W. Li, Y. G. Li, A. D. Liu, Z. T. Liu, C. W. Luo, X. H. Mao, Y. D. Pan, J. F. Peng, Z. B. Shi, S. D. Song, X. Y. Song, H. J. Sun, A. K. Wang, M. X. Wang, Y. Q. Wang, W. W. Xiao, Y. F. Xie, L. H. Yao, D. L. Yu, B. S. Yuan, K. J. Zhao, G. W. Zhong, J. Zhou, J. C. Yan, C. X. Yu, C. H. Pan, Y. Liu, and the HL-2A Team , Nucl. Fusion 51, 094016 (2011)] to measure the losses of neutral beam ions. The design of the probe is based on the concept of the ?-particle detectors on Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) using scintillator plates. The probe is capable of traveling across an equatorial plane port and sweeping the aperture angle rotationally with respect to the axis of the probe shaft by two step motors, in order to optimize the radial position and the collimator angle. The energy and the pitch angle of the lost fast ions can be simultaneously measured if the two-dimensional image of scintillation light intensity due to the impact of the lost fast ions is detected. Measurements of the fast-ion losses using the probe have been performed during HL-2A neutral beam injection discharges. The clear experimental evidence of enhanced losses of beam ions during disruptions has been obtained by means of the SLIP system. A detailed description of the probe system and the first experimental results are reported.

  12. Synthesis and Evaluation of Cu/SAPO-34 Catalysts for NH3-SCR 2: Solid-state Ion Exchange and One-pot Synthesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Feng; Walter, Eric D.; Washton, Nancy M.; Szanyi, Janos; Peden, Charles HF

    2015-01-01

    Cu-SAPO-34 catalysts are synthesized using two methods: solid-state ion exchange (SSIE) and one-pot synthesis. SSIE is conducted by calcining SAPO-34/CuO mixtures at elevated temperatures. For the one-pot synthesis method, Cu-containing chemicals (CuO and CuSO4) are added during gel preparation. A high-temperature calcination step is also needed for this method. Catalysts are characterized with surface area/pore volume measurements, temperature programmed reduction (TPR), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Catalytic properties are examined using standard ammonia selective catalytic reduction (NH3-SCR) and ammonia oxidation reactions. In Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE, Cu presents both as isolated Cu2+ ions and unreacted CuO. The former is highly active and selective in NH3-SCR, while the latter catalyzes a side reaction; notably, the non-selective oxidation of NH3 above 350 ºC. Using the one-pot method followed by a high-temperature aging treatment, it is possible to form Cu SAPO-34 samples with predominately isolated Cu2+ ions at low Cu loadings. However at much higher Cu loadings, isolated Cu2+ ions that bind weakly with the CHA framework and CuO clusters also form. These Cu moieties are very active in catalyzing non-selective NH3 oxidation above 350 ºC. Low-temperature reaction kinetics indicate that Cu-SAPO-34 samples formed using SSIE have core-shell structures where Cu is enriched in the shell layers; while Cu is more evenly distributed within the one-pot samples. Reaction kinetics also suggest that at low temperatures, the local environment next to Cu2+ ion centers plays little role on the overall catalytic properties. The authors gratefully acknowledge the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office for the support of this work. The research described in this paper was performed at the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). PNNL is operated for the US DOE by Battelle under contract number DE-AC05-76RL01830. The authors also thank Shari Li (PNNL) for surface area/pore volume measurements, and Bruce W. Arey (PNNL) for SEM measurements. Discussions with Drs. A. Yezerets, K. Kamasamudram, J.H. Li, N. Currier and J.Y. Luo from Cummins, Inc. and H.Y. Chen and H. Hess from Johnson-Matthey are greatly appreciated.

  13. Illuminating the Pecking Order in Off-Grid Lighting: A Demonstration of LED Lighting for Saving Energy in the Poultry Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jennifer; Mills, Evan

    2010-11-06

    The Lumina Project and Lighting Africa conducted a full-scale field test involving a switch from kerosene to solar-LED lighting for commercial broiler chicken production at an off-grid farm in Kenya. The test achieved lower operating costs, produced substantially more light, improved the working environment, and had no adverse effect on yields. A strategy using conventional solar-fluorescent lighting also achieved comparable yields, but entailed a six-fold higher capital cost and significantly higher recurring battery replacement costs. Thanks to higher energy and optical efficiencies, the LED system provided approximately twice the illumination to the chicken-production area and yet drew less than half the power.At the study farm, 3000 chickens were grown in each of three identical houses under kerosene, fluorescent, and LED lighting configurations. Under baseline conditions, a yearly expenditure of 1,200 USD is required to illuminate the three houses with kerosene. The LED system eliminates this fuel use and expense with a corresponding simple payback time of 1.5 years, while the solar-fluorescent system has a payback time of 9.3 years. The corresponding reduction in fuel expenditure in both cases represents a 15percent increase in after-tax net income (revenues minus expenses) across the entire business operation. The differential cost-effectiveness between the LED and fluorescent systems would be substantially greater if the fluorescent system were upsized to provide the same light as the LED system. Providing light with the fluorescent or LED systems is also far more economical than connecting to the grid in this case. The estimated grid-connection cost at this facility is 1.7 million Kenya Schillings (approximately 21,250 USD), which is nearly six-times the cost of the fluorescent system and 35-times the cost of the LED system.The LED system also confers various non-energy benefits. The relative uniformity of LED lighting, compared to the fluorescent or kerosene lighting, reduced crowding which in turn created a less stressful environment for the chickens. The far higher levels of illumination also created a better environment for the workers, while eliminating the time required for obtaining fuel and maintaining kerosene lanterns. An additional advantage of the LED system relative to the solar fluorescent system was that the former does not require a skilled technician to carry out the installation. The portable LED system lighting layout is also more easily adjusted than that of the hardwired fluorescent systems. Furthermore, switching to the LED system avoids over one metric ton of carbon dioxide emissions per house on an annual basis compared to kerosene. There is high potential for replication of this particular LED lighting strategy in the developing world. In order to estimate the scale of kerosene use and the potential for savings, more information is needed on the numbers of chickens produced off-grid, as well as lighting uses for other categories of poultry production (egg layers, indigenous broilers ). Our discovery that weight gain did not slow in the solar-fluorescent house after it experienced extended lighting outages beginning on day 14 of the 35-day study suggests that conventional farming practices in Kenyan broiler operations may call for more hours of lighting than is needed to achieve least-cost production.

  14. Illumination Sufficiency Survey Techniques: In-situ Measurements of Lighting System Performance and a User Preference Survey for Illuminance in an Off-Grid, African Setting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alstone, Peter; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2010-08-26

    Efforts to promote rechargeable electric lighting as a replacement for fuel-based light sources in developing countries are typically predicated on the notion that lighting service levels can be maintained or improved while reducing the costs and environmental impacts of existing practices. However, the extremely low incomes of those who depend on fuel-based lighting create a need to balance the hypothetically possible or desirable levels of light with those that are sufficient and affordable. In a pilot study of four night vendors in Kenya, we document a field technique we developed to simultaneously measure the effectiveness of lighting service provided by a lighting system and conduct a survey of lighting service demand by end-users. We took gridded illuminance measurements across each vendor's working and selling area, with users indicating the sufficiency of light at each point. User light sources included a mix of kerosene-fueled hurricane lanterns, pressure lamps, and LED lanterns.We observed illuminance levels ranging from just above zero to 150 lux. The LED systems markedly improved the lighting service levels over those provided by kerosene-fueled hurricane lanterns. Users reported that the minimum acceptable threshold was about 2 lux. The results also indicated that the LED lamps in use by the subjects did not always provide sufficient illumination over the desired retail areas. Our sample size is much too small, however, to reach any conclusions about requirements in the broader population. Given the small number of subjects and very specific type of user, our results should be regarded as indicative rather than conclusive. We recommend replicating the method at larger scales and across a variety of user types and contexts. Policymakers should revisit the subject of recommended illuminance levels regularly as LED technology advances and the price/service balance point evolves.

  15. Joint seismic-geodynamic-mineral physical modelling of African geodynamics: A reconciliation of deep-mantle convection with surface geophysical constraints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forte, A M; Quere, S; Moucha, R; Simmons, N A; Grand, S P; Mitrovica, J X; Rowley, D B

    2008-08-22

    Recent progress in seismic tomography provides the first complete 3-D images of the combined thermal and chemical anomalies that characterise the unique deep mantle structure below the African continent. With these latest tomography results we predict flow patterns under Africa that reveal a large-scale, active hot upwelling, or superplume, below the western margin of Africa under the Cape Verde Islands. The scale and dynamical intensity of this West African superplume (WASP) is comparable to that of the south African superplume (SASP) that has long been assumed to dominate the flow dynamics under Africa. On the basis of this new tomography model, we find the dynamics of the SASP is strongly controlled by chemical contributions to deep mantle buoyancy that significantly compensate its thermal buoyancy. In contrast, the WASP appears to be entirely dominated by thermal buoyancy. New calculations of mantle convection incorporating these two superplumes reveal that the plate-driving forces due to the flow generated by the WASP is as strong as that due to the SASP. We find that the chemical buoyancy of the SASP exerts a strong stabilising control on the pattern and amplitude of shallow mantle flow in the asthenosphere below the southern half of the African plate. The asthenospheric flow predictions provide the first high resolution maps of focussed upwellings that lie below the major centres of Late Cenozoic volcanism, including the Kenya domes and Hoggar massif that lies above a remnant plume head in the upper mantle. Inferences of sublithospheric deformation from seismic anisotropy data are shown to be sensitive to the contributions of chemical buoyancy in the SASP.

  16. Assessing the Performance of LED-Based Flashlights Available in the Kenyan Off-Grid Lighting Market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tracy, Jennifer; Jacobson, Arne; Mills, Evan

    2010-03-02

    Low cost rechargeable flashlights that use LED technology are increasingly available in African markets. While LED technology holds promise to provide affordable, high quality lighting services, the widespread dissemination of low quality products may make it difficult to realize this potential. This study includes performance results for three brands of commonly available LED flashlights that were purchased in Kenya in 2009. The performance of the flashlights was evaluated by testing five units for each of the three brands. The tests included measurements of battery capacity, time required to charge the battery, maximum illuminance at one meter, operation time and lux-hours from a fully charged battery, light distribution, and color rendering. All flashlights tested performed well below the manufacturers? rated specifications; the measured battery capacity was 30-50percent lower than the rated capacity and the time required to fully charge the battery was 6-25percent greater than the rated time requirement. Our analysis further shows that within each brand there is considerable variability in each performance indicator. The five samples within a single brand varied from each other by as much as 22percent for battery capacity measurements, 3.6percent for the number of hours required for a full charge, 23percent for maximum initial lux, 38percent for run time, 11percent for light distribution and by as much as 200percent for color rendering. Results obtained are useful for creating a framework for quality assurance of off-grid LED products and will be valuable for informing consumers, distributors and product manufacturers about product performance.

  17. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alstone, Peter; Mills, Evan; Jacobson, Arne

    2011-01-25

    The greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fuel-based lighting are substantial given the paltry levels of lighting service provided to users, leading to a great opportunity for GHG mitigation byencouraging the switch from fuel-based to rechargeable LED lighting. However, as with most new energy technology, switching to efficient lighting requires an up-front investment of energy(and GHGs) embedded in the manufacture of replacement components. We studied a population of off-grid lighting users in 2008-2009 in Kenya who were given the opportunity to adopt LEDlighting. Based on their use patterns with the LED lights and the levels of kerosene offset we observed, we found that the embodied energy of the LED lamp was"paid for" in only one month for grid charged products and two months for solar charged products. Furthermore, the energyreturn-on investment-ratio (energy produced or offset over the product's service life divided by energy embedded) for off-grid LED lighting ranges from 12 to 24, which is on par with on-gridsolar and large-scale wind energy. We also found that the energy embodied in the manufacture of a typical hurricane lantern is about one-half to one-sixth of that embodied in the particular LEDlights that we evaluated, indicating that the energy payback time would be moderately faster if LEDs ultimately displace the production of kerosene lanterns. As LED products improve, weanticipate longer service lives and more successful displacement of kerosene lighting, both of which will speed the already rapid recovery of embodied energy in these products. Our studyprovides a detailed appendix with embodied energy values for a variety of components used to construct off-grid LED lighting, which can be used to analyze other products.

  18. Nineteenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Horne, R.J.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W.

    1994-01-20

    PREFACE The Nineteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 18-20, 1994. This workshop opened on a sad note because of the death of Prof. Henry J. Ramey, Jr. on November 19, 1993. Hank had been fighting leukemia for a long time and finally lost the battle. Many of the workshop participants were present for the celebration of his life on January 21 at Stanford's Memorial Church. Hank was one of the founders of the Stanford Geothermal Program and the Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Workshop. His energy, kindness, quick wit, and knowledge will long be missed at future workshops. Following the Preface we have included a copy of the Memorial Resolution passed by the Stanford University Senate. There were one hundred and four registered participants. Participants were from ten foreign countries: Costa Rica, England, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines and Turkey. Workshop papers described the performance of fourteen geothermal fields outside the United States. Roland N. Home opened the meeting and welcomed the visitors to the campus. The key note speaker was J.E. ''Ted'' Mock who gave a presentation about the future of geothermal development. The banquet speaker was Jesus Rivera and he spoke about Energy Sources of Central American Countries. Forty two papers were presented at the Workshop. Technical papers were organized in twelve sessions concerning: sciences, injection, production, modeling, and adsorption. Session chairmen are an important part of the workshop and our thanks go to: John Counsil, Mark Walters, Dave Duchane, David Faulder, Gudmundur Bodvarsson, Jim Lovekin, Joel Renner, and Iraj Ershaghi. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank Pat Ota, Ted Sumida, and Terri A. Ramey who also produces the Proceedings Volumes for publication. We owe a great deal of thanks to our students who operate audiovisual equipment and to Xianfa Deng who coordinated the meeting arrangements for the Workshop. Roland N. Home Frank G. Miller Paul Kruger William E. Brigham Jean W. Cook

  19. Ninth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Horne, R.N.; Brigham, W.E.; Gudmundsson, J.S.

    1983-12-15

    The attendance at the Workshop was similar to last year's with 123 registered participants of which 22 represented 8 foreign countries. A record number of technical papers (about 60) were submitted for presentation at the Workshop. The Program Committee, therefore, decided to have several parallel sessions to accommodate most of the papers. This format proved unpopular and will not be repeated. Many of the participants felt that the Workshop lost some of its unique qualities by having parallel sessions. The Workshop has always been held near the middle of December during examination week at Stanford. This timing was reviewed in an open discussion at the Workshop. The Program Committee subsequently decided to move the Workshop to January. The Tenth Workshop will be held on January 22-24, 1985. The theme of the Workshop this year was ''field developments worldwide''. The Program Committee addressed this theme by encouraging participants to submit field development papers, and by inviting several international authorities to give presentations at the Workshop. Field developments in at least twelve countries were reported: China, El Salvador, France, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, New Zealand, the Philippines, and the United States. There were 58 technical presentations at the Workshop, of which 4 were not made available for publication. Several authors submitted papers not presented at the Workshop. However, these are included in the 60 papers of these Proceedings. The introductory address was given by Ron Toms of the U.S. Department of Energy, and the banquet speaker was A1 Cooper of Chevron Resources Company. An important contribution was made to the Workshop by the chairmen of the technical sessions. Other than Stanford Geothermal Program faculty members, they included: Don White (Field Developments), Bill D'Olier (Hydrothermal Systems), Herman Dykstra (Well Testing), Karsten Pruess (Well Testing), John Counsil (Reservoir Chemistry), Malcolm Mossman (Reservoir Chemistry), Greg Raasch (Production), Manny Nathenson (Injection), Susan Petty (Injection), Subir Sanyal (Simulation), Marty Molloy (Petrothermal), and Allen Moench (Reservoir Physics). The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff and students. We would like to thank Jean Cook, Joanne Hartford, Terri Ramey, Amy Osugi, and Marilyn King for their valued help with the Workshop arrangements and the Proceedings. We also owe thanks to the program students who arranged and operated the audio-visual equipment. The Ninth Workshop was supported by the Geothermal and Hydropower Technologies Division of the U . S . Department of Energy through contract DE-AT03-80SF11459. We deeply appreciate this continued support. H. J. Ramey, Jr., R. N. Horne, P. Kruger, W. E. Brigham, F. G. Miller, J. S . Gudmundsson -vii

  20. Sixteenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Horne, R.N.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W.

    1991-01-25

    The Sixteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 23-25, 1991. The Workshop Banquet Speaker was Dr. Mohinder Gulati of UNOCAL Geothermal. Dr. Gulati gave an inspiring talk on the impact of numerical simulation on development of geothermal energy both in The Geysers and the Philippines. Dr. Gulati was the first recipient of The Stanford Geothermal Program Reservoir Engineering Award for Excellence in Development of Geothermal Energy. Dr. Frank Miller presented the award. The registered attendance figure of one hundred fifteen participants was up slightly from last year. There were seven foreign countries represented: Iceland, Italy, Philippines, Kenya, the United Kingdom, Mexico, and Japan. As last year, papers on about a dozen geothermal fields outside the United States were presented. There were thirty-six papers presented at the Workshop, and two papers were submitted for publication only. Attendees were welcomed by Dr. Khalid Aziz, Chairman of the Petroleum Engineering Department at Stanford. Opening remarks were presented by Dr. Roland Horne, followed by a discussion of the California Energy Commission's Geothermal Activities by Barbara Crowley, Vice Chairman; and J.E. ''Ted'' Mock's presentation of the DOE Geothermal Program: New Emphasis on Industrial Participation. Technical papers were organized in twelve sessions concerning: hot dry rock, geochemistry, tracer injection, field performance, modeling, and chemistry/gas. As in previous workshops, session chairpersons made major contributions to the program. Special thanks are due to Joel Renner, Jeff Tester, Jim Combs, Kathy Enedy, Elwood Baldwin, Sabodh Garg, Marcel0 Lippman, John Counsil, and Eduardo Iglesias. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank Pat Ota, Angharad Jones, Rosalee Benelli, Jeanne Mankinen, Ted Sumida, and Terri A. Ramey who also produces the Proceedings Volumes for publication. We owe a great deal of thanks to our students who operate the audiovisual equipment and to Michael Riley who coordinated the meeting arrangements for a second year. Henry J. Ramey, Jr. Roland N. Horne Frank G. Miller Paul Kruger William E. Brigham Jean W. Cook

  1. Adak Island, Alaska, Microearthquake survey: Preliminary Hypocenter Determinations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lange, Arthur L.; Avramenko, Walter

    1982-11-05

    Microearthquakes, defined as shocks having magnitudes less than 4, are commonly recorded in the vicinity of geothermal manifestations and volcanism. They have been mapped from producing geothermal fields as well as those not yet developed, in such places as Iceland, El Salvador, Japan, Kenya and the US. Microearthquakes have been recorded at several geothermal sites in the Imperial Valley and Coso Hot Springs, California; Kilbourne Hole, New Mexico; Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming; and The Geysers, California, where there is debate over whether or not the seismicity is induced by steam production. Seismicity occurs around active volcanoes, but appears reduced directly over zones of high temperature or magma, where the depth of the brittle fracture zone is shallow, as over Yellowstone caldera. In areas of active hydrothermalism, regional stress is likely to be relieved by low-level seismicity rather than occasional large ruptures, owing to the high temperatures, presence of fluids, and crustal weakening due to alteration and fracturing. Active faulting maintains the permeability of the system, which in its absence, might otherwise seal. on the microscopic scale, pore-fluid pressures rise as a result of heating, resulting in the decrease of effective pressure at the pore-mineral boundary. When this effective pressure becomes less than the rock's tensile strength, the pore ruptures; and if it intersects a through-going fracture under hydrostatic pressure can result in a shock detectable on seismographs at the surface. Such a mechanism might also account for the swarms of very small events seen in a number of geothermal areas. A microearthquake survey was conducted on Adak Island, Alaska for the purpose of identifying seismicity associated with a possible geothermal reservoir. During 30 days of recording in September and October 1982, 190 seismic events were recorded on two or more stations of a nine-station network. Of the total, 33 were of local origin, and of these 24 were locatable. Utilizing a 5 km/sec constant velocity earth model, the hypocenters define a structure dipping north-northwestward toward the Bering Sea, beneath Mt. Adagdak. many of the events took place beneath the Adagdak peninsula in an area in which hot springs discharge and where other geophysical evidences suggest a geothermal reservoir. A similar NNW-dipping fault plane was deduced from a 9-day microearthquake survey conducted in 1974. At that time all of the activity occurred beneath the sea. the projected surface trace lies NNW of that deduced form the present survey. It is quite likely that the mapped structure and attendant fractures control a hydrothermal system by providing the necessary permeability for maintaining circulation of hot waters within the upper several kilometers of the surface. Only preliminary analysis of the records fell within the scope of the present project. The work should be supplemented with the application of a locally appropriate earth model, 3D fault-mapping, first-motion studies leading to fault-plane solutions, and computations of event magnitudes.

  2. Final Report DOE Contract No. DE-FG36-04G014294 ICEKAP 2004: A Collaborative Joint Geophysical Imaging Project at Krafla and IDDP P.E. Malin, S.A. Onacha, E. Shalev Division of Earth and Ocean Sciences Nicholas School of the Environment Duke University Durham, NC 27708

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malin, Peter E.; Shalev, Eylon; Onacha, Stepthen A.

    2006-12-15

    In this final report, we discuss both theoretical and applied research resulting from our DOE project, ICEKAP 2004: A Collaborative Joint Geophysical Imaging Project at Krafla and IDDP. The abstract below begins with a general discussion of the problem we addressed: the location and characterization of “blind” geothermal resources using microearthquake and magnetotelluric measurements. The abstract then describes the scientific results and their application to the Krafla geothermal area in Iceland. The text following this abstract presents the full discussion of this work, in the form of the PhD thesis of Stephen A. Onacha. The work presented here was awarded the “Best Geophysics Paper” at the 2005 Geothermal Resources Council meeting, Reno. This study presents the modeling of buried fault zones using microearthquake and electrical resistivity data based on the assumptions that fluid-filled fractures cause electrical and seismic anisotropy and polarization. In this study, joint imaging of electrical and seismic data is used to characterize the fracture porosity of the fracture zones. P-wave velocity models are generated from resistivity data and used in locating microearthquakes. Fracture porosity controls fluid circulation in the hydrothermal systems and the intersections of fracture zones close to the heat source form important upwelling zones for hydrothermal fluids. High fracture porosity sites occur along fault terminations, fault-intersection areas and fault traces. Hydrothermal fault zone imaging using resistivity and microearthquake data combines high-resolution multi-station seismic and electromagnetic data to locate rock fractures and the likely presence fluids in high temperature hydrothermal systems. The depths and locations of structural features and fracture porosity common in both the MT and MEQ data is incorporated into a joint imaging scheme to constrain resistivity, seismic velocities, and locations of fracture systems. The imaging of the fault zones is constrained by geological, drilling, and geothermal production data. The objective is to determine interpretation techniques for evaluating structural controls of fluid circulation in hydrothermal systems. The conclusions are: • directions of MT polarization and anisotropy and MEQ S-splitting correlate. Polarization and anisotropy are caused by fluid filled fractures at the base of the clay cap. •Microearthquakes occur mainly on the boundary of low resistivity within the fracture zone and high resistivity in the host rock. Resistivity is lowest within the core of the fracture zone and increases towards the margins of the fracture zone. The heat source and the clay cap for the hydrothermal have very low resistivity of less than 5?m. •Fracture porosity imaged by resistivity indicates that it varies between 45-5% with most between 10-20%, comparable to values from core samples in volcanic areas in Kenya and Iceland. For resistivity values above 60?m, the porosity reduces drastically and therefore this might be used as the upper limit for modeling fracture porosity from resistivity. When resistivity is lower than 5?m, the modeled fracture porosity increases drastically indicating that this is the low resistivity limit. This is because at very low resistivity in the heat source and the clay cap, the resistivity is dominated by ionic conduction rather than fracture porosity. •Microearthquakes occur mainly above the heat source which is defined by low resistivity at a depth of 3-4.5 km at the Krafla hydrothermal system and 4-7 km in the Longonot hydrothermal system. •Conversions of S to P waves occur for microearthquakes located above the heat source within the hydrothermal system. Shallow microearthquakes occur mainly in areas that show both MT and S-wave anisotropy. •S-wave splitting and MT anisotropy occurs at the base of the clay cap and therefore reflects the variations in fracture porosity on top of the hydrothermal system. •In the Krafla hydrothermal system in Iceland, both MT polarization and MEQ splitting directions align with