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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

100 LPW 800 Lm Warm White LED  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An illumination grade warm white (WW) LED, having correlated color temperature (CCT) between 2800 K and 3500K and capable of producing 800 lm output at 100 lm/W, has been developed in this program. The high power WW LED is an ideal source for use as replacement for incandescent, and Halogen reflector and general purpose lamps of similar lumen value. Over the two year period, we have made following accomplishments: developed a high power warm white LED product and made over 50% improvements in light output and efficacy. The new high power WW LED product is a die on ceramic surface mountable LED package. It has four 1x1 mm{sup 2} InGaN pump dice flip chip attached to a ceramic submount in 2x2 array, covered by warm white phosphor ceramic platelets called Lumiramicâ?˘ and an overmolded silicone lens encapsulating the LED array. The performance goal was achieved through breakthroughs in following key areas: (1) High efficiency pump LED development through pump LED active region design and epi growth quality improvement (funded by internal programs). (2) Increase in injection efficiency (IE) represented by reduction in forward voltage (V{sub f}) through the improvement of the silver-based p-contact and a reduction in spreading resistance. The injection efficiency was increased from 80% at the start of the program to 96% at the end of the program at 700 mA/mm{sup 2}. (3) Improvement in thermal design as represented by reduction in thermal resistance from junction to case, through improvement of the die to submount connection in the thin film flip chip (TFFC) LED and choosing the submount material of high thermal conductivity. A thermal resistance of 1.72 K/W was demonstrated for the high power LED package. (4) Improvement in extraction efficiency from the LED package through improvement of InGaN die level and package level optical extraction efficiency improvement. (5) Improvement in phosphor system efficiency by improving the lumen equivalent (LE) and phosphor package efficiency (PPE) through improvement in phosphor-package interactions. Another achievement in the development of the phosphor integration technology is the demonstration of tight color control. The high power WW LED product developed has been proven to have good reliability. The manufacturing of the product will be done in Philips Lumiledsâ?? LUXEON Rebel production line which has produced billions of high power LEDs. The first high power WW LED product will be released to the market in 2011.

Decai Sun

2010-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

2

Development of Advanced Manufacturing Methods for Warm White LEDs for General Lighting  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

GE Lighting Solutions will develop precise and efficient manufacturing techniques for the “remote phosphor” platform of warm-white LED products. In volume, this will be demonstrated to drive significant materials, labor and capital productivity to achieve a maximum possible 53% reduction in overall cost. In addition, the typical total color variation for these white LEDs in production will be well within the ANSI bins and as low as a 4-step MacAdam ellipse centered on the black body curve. Achievement of both of these objectives will be demonstrated while meeting a performance target of > 75 lm/W for a warm-white LED and a reliability target of <30% lumen drop / <2-step MacAdam ellipse shift, estimated over 50,000 hrs.

Deshpande, Anirudha; Kolodin, Boris; Jacob, Cherian; Chowdhury, Ashfaqul; Kuenzler, Glenn; Sater, Karen; Aesram, Danny; Glaettli, Steven; Gallagher, Brian; Langer, Paul; Setlur, Anant; Beers, Bill

2012-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

3

Lumens Placard (Green) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lumensplacard-green.eps More Documents & Publications Lumens Placard (Green) Lumens Placard (Black) Energy Savers Guide...

4

Lumens Placard (Black) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lumensplacard-black.eps More Documents & Publications Lumens Placard (Black) Lumens Placard (Green) Energy Savers Guide...

5

Lumens Placard (Green) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Lumens Placard (Green) Lumens Placard (Green) Lumens: The new way to shop for light More Documents &...

6

Efficient White SSL Component for General Illumination  

SciTech Connect

Cree has developed a new, high-efficiency, low-cost, light emitting diode (LED) module that should be capable of replacing standard, halogen, fluorescent and metal halide lamps based on the total cost of ownership. White LEDs are produced by combining one or more saturated color LEDs with a phosphor or other light down-converting media to achieve white broad-band illumination. This two year project addressed LED chip, package and phosphor efficiency improvements to establish a technology platform suitable for low-cost, high-efficiency commercial luminaires. New phosphor materials with improved quantum efficiency at 'real-life' operating conditions were developed along with new package technology to improve the efficiency of warm white LED modules compared to the baseline technology. Specifically, Cree has successfully demonstrated warm white LED modules providing 540 lumens at a correlated color temperature (CCT) of 3000 K. The LED module had an efficacy of 102.8 lumens per watt (LPW) using 1 mm2 chips biased at 350 mA - a 27% improvement over the technology at project start (81 LPW at 3000K). The white modules also delivered an efficacy of 88 LPW at elevated junction temperatures of 125 C. In addition, a proof-of-concept 4-inch downlight luminaire produced a flux of 1183 lumens at a CCT of 2827 K and a color rendering index (CRI) of 80 using this project's phosphor developments.

Sean Evans

2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

Lumens Placard (Black) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumens: The new way to shop for light More Documents & Publications Lumens Placard (Green) Lighting Tip Card Lighting Tip Card...

8

Digital Lumens | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lumens Lumens Jump to: navigation, search Name Digital Lumens Address 110 Canal Street Place Boston, Massachusetts Zip 02114 Product Intelligent Lighting System Year founded 2008 Number of employees 11-50 Phone number (617) 723-1200 Website http://www.digitallumens.com Coordinates 42.3644808°, -71.0602745° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3644808,"lon":-71.0602745,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

Energy 101: Lumens | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Lumens Energy 101: Lumens Energy 101: Lumens March 8, 2012 - 2:46pm Addthis When you're shopping for light bulbs, compare lumens to be sure you're getting the amount of light -- or level of brightness -- you want. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How does it work? Lumens measure how much light you get from a bulb. More lumens means it's a brighter light; fewer lumens means it's a dimmer light. Look for the Lighting Facts label on light bulb packages to help you find the right lighting option. Today, the Energy Department is launching the next phase of the Bright Tomorrow Lighting Prize (L Prize), a competition that pushes for accelerated innovation and drives industry to create more energy-saving lighting options.

10

The effects of chemical toners on cold and warm tone photographic black and white fiber base enlarging papers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

What this thesis attempts to present is a systematic and ordered assembling of different true chemical toners on two types of black and white enlarging papers with two different developers. It is my hope that this study ...

Rantoul, Micaela Garzoni

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Energy 101: Lumens | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumens Lumens Energy 101: Lumens Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Lumens video: The video opens with "Energy 101: Lumens: The new way to shop for light." This is followed by various shots of a store aisle featuring a variety of light bulbs, including close-ups of the packaging labels on various bulbs. Today you'll see more light bulb options in stores. These bulbs will give you the light you want while saving you energy-and money. The video shows various shots of lights being turned on in a home. The words "Watts -> Energy Use" appear onscreen. Next, the video shows a store aisle with a diverse light bulb selection. Here's something to consider. In the past we bought light bulbs based on how much energy-or how many watts-they use. But today's energy-saving

12

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Eco Lumen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Eco Lumen Eco Lumen Eco Lumen logo. Lighting design software, structured to recommend lighting designs that optimize the electricity bills while ensuring appropriate illumination levels in the facility as per ISI standards. The software is built around a user-friendly interface and requires elementary inputs such as room dimensions and usage parameters. The software can then recommend the most appropriate lighting equipment for the facility as well as the optimum number of fittings required. For existing facilities, Eco Lumen recommends the most appropriate upgrade options, for replacing the existing lighting products with more energy efficient ones. Eco Lumen also offers the option of re-using any applicable fittings for the room being designed, thus reducing the renovation cost for the facility. Screen Shots

13

Energy 101: Lumens | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

light; fewer lumens means it's a dimmer light. Look for the Lighting Facts label on light bulb packages to help you find the right lighting option. Today, the Energy Department is...

14

Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label July 29, 2012 - 7:44pm Addthis Energy 101 Lumens: The new way to shop for light What does this mean for me?...

15

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! Goodbye, Watts. Hello, LUMENS! May 17, 2012 - 2:21pm Addthis John Chu John Chu Communications Specialist with the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy For years, I bought light bulbs based on watts, or energy use. Like many light bulb consumers, I looked for a traditional 40, 60, 75, or 100 watt incandescent bulb. Now that stores today carry more and more energy efficient lighting choices, I wanted to replace my old incandescents with new bulbs to save energy and money on my electricity bill. But in shopping for the right bulb, I came across a challenge in looking for bulbs based on watts. Since these newer bulbs use less energy, I found bulbs that use 8, 15, or 26 watts. The wattages are pretty close to each other, but the

16

Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label Lumens and the Lighting Facts Label July 29, 2012 - 7:44pm Addthis Energy 101 Lumens: The new way to shop for light What does this mean for me? Buy your next lightbulb by comparing lumens, not watts. Use the Lighting Facts label to compare the brightness of lightbulbs. When you're shopping for lightbulbs, compare lumens to be sure you're getting the amount of light, or level of brightness, you want. The Lighting Facts Label will help. This new label will make it easy to compare bulb brightness, color, life, and estimated operating cost for the year. Buy Lumens, Not Watts We typically buy things based on how much of it we get, right? When buying milk, we buy it by volume (gallons). So, why should light be any different? For decades, we have been buying lightbulbs based on how much energy they

17

Model of ionic currents through microtubule nanopores and the lumen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been suggested that microtubules and other cytoskeletal filaments may act as electrical transmission lines. An electrical circuit model of the microtubule is constructed incorporating features of its cylindrical structure with nanopores in its walls. This model is used to study how ionic conductance along the lumen is affected by flux through the nanopores when an external potential is applied across its two ends. Based on the results of Brownian dynamics simulations, the nanopores were found to have asymmetric inner and outer conductances, manifested as nonlinear IV curves. Our simulations indicate that a combination of this asymmetry and an internal voltage source arising from the motion of the C-terminal tails causes a net current to be pumped across the microtubule wall and propagate down the microtubule through the lumen. This effect is demonstrated to enhance and add directly to the longitudinal current through the lumen resulting from an external voltage source, and could be significant in amplifying low-intensity endogenous currents within the cellular environment or as a nano-bioelectronic device.

Holly Freedman; Vahid Rezania; Avner Priel; Eric Carpenter; Sergei Y. Noskovd; Jack A. Tuszynski

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

18

Model of ionic currents through microtubule nanopores and the lumen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been suggested that microtubules and other cytoskeletal filaments may act as electrical transmission lines. An electrical circuit model of the microtubule is constructed incorporating features of its cylindrical structure with nanopores in its walls and is used to test whether such features might contribute to the proposed role of the microtubule as a mediator in intracellular signaling. Based on the results of Brownian dynamics simulations, the nanopores were found to have asymmetric inner and outer conductances, manifested as nonlinear IV curves. Our simulations indicate that a combination of this asymmetry and an internal voltage source arising from the motion of the C-terminal tails can allow a current to be pumped across the microtubule wall and propagate down the microtubule through the lumen. This current is demonstrated to add directly to the longitudinal current resulting from an external voltage source, and could be significant in amplifying low-intensity endogenous currents within the cellul...

Freedman, Holly; Priel, Avner; Carpenter, Eric; Noskovd, Sergei Y; Tuszynski, Jack A

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Franny White  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Franny White is a News & Media Relations Specialist at the Energy Department’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

20

Lumen Maintenance Testing of the Philips 60-Watt Replacement Lamp L Prize Entry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes testing conducted to evaluate the Philips' L Prize award winning 60-watt LED replacement product's ability to meet the lifetime/lumen maintenance requirement of the competition, which was: "having 70 percent of the lumen value under subparagraph (A) [producing a luminous flux greater than 900 lumens] exceeding 25,000 hours under typical conditions expected in residential use." A custom test apparatus was designed and constructed for this testing and a statistical approach was developed for use in evaluating the test results. This will be the only publicly available, third-party data set of long-term LED product operation.

Gordon, Kelly L.; Hafen, Ryan P.; Hathaway, John E.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

White Deer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White Deer White Deer Name: sally Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: i live in Willits, Ca. where there is what we call "Ridgewood Ranch" Many years ago the owner became friends with Mr. Hearst who gave him a gift of some white deer. we had thought they had originated in Asia somewhere but some say Europe. They have webbed antlers similiar to some elk and they have a larger snout than a brown deer. There fawns are incredibly beautiful as they are born brown with white spots. They seem to stay in large groups and are quite timid. My question is, "Do you know if these deer shed their antlers like the others?" We know they are not albino deer. Their eyes seem to be brown and their hair is a little longer than the brown deer. Thank you.

22

Global Warming, Soot, Ice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming, Soot, Ice Speaker(s): James Hansen Date: November 7, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Irreversible "dangerous anthropogenic interference" with the climate system...

23

White Light Emitting Diode Development for General Illumination Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of technical achievements during a 3-year project aimed at developing the chip and packaging technology necessary to demonstrate efficient, high flux light-emitting diode (LED) arrays using Cree's gallium nitride/silicon carbide (GaN/SiC) LED technology as the starting point. Novel chip designs and fabrication processes are described that led to high power blue LEDs that achieved 310 mW of light output at 350 mA drive current, corresponding to quantum and wall plug efficiencies of 32.5% and 26.5%, respectively. When combined with phosphor, high power white LEDs with luminous output of 67 lumens and efficacy of 57 lumens per watt were also demonstrated. Advances in packaging technology are described that enabled compact, multi-chip white LED lamp modules with 800-1000 lumens output at efficacies of up to 55 lumens per watt. Lamp modules with junction-to-ambient thermal resistance as low as 1.7 C/watt have also been demonstrated.

James Ibbetson

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Ralph White  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ralph White Ralph White Dean, College of Engineering and Information Technology University of South Carolina Swearingen Engineering Center Columbia, South Carolina 29208 803-777-3270, white@engr.sc.edu Nuclear Engineering at USC September 30, 2002 Background * Naval Nuclear Power School, Enlisted ('61-2) * Engineering Laboratory Technician, USS Woodrow Wilson ('64-'68) * BS, Chemical Engineering, U. of SC ('68-'71) * MS, PhD, Chemical Engineering, U. of Calif., Berkeley ('71-'77) * Asst. Prof. - Prof. Texas A&M ('77-'92) * Chairman, Dept. of Chem. Eng., U. of SC ('93-'00) * Dean, College of Eng. and Info. Tech., U. of SC (2000-present) Nuclear Power in the World * 434 operating plants in 31 countries * France 76% * Belgium 55% * Sweden 46% * Switzerland 41% * Korea 41%, Japan 36% * US 20%

25

Warm Gas Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Warm Gas Cleanup Warm Gas Cleanup NETL Office of Research and Development Project Number: FWP-2012.03.03 Task 5 Project Description The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established strict regulations for the trace contaminant emissions from integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) systems. The Department of Energy (DOE) performance goals for trace contaminant removal were selected to meet or exceed EPA's standard limits for contaminants, as well as to avoid poisoning of: the catalysts utilized in making liquids from fuel gas the electrodes in fuel cells selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalysts The objective of the NETL's ORD Warm Gas Cleanup project is to assist in achieving both DOE and EPA targets for trace contaminant capture from coal gasification, while preserving the high thermal efficiency of the IGCC system. To achieve this, both lab and pilot-scale research is underway to develop sorbents capable of removing the following contaminants from high temperature syngas (up to 550°F):

26

Warm Water Mass Formation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Poleward heat transport by the own implies warm Water mass formation, i.e., the retention by the tropical and subtropical ocean of some of its net radiant heat gain. Under what condition net heat retention becomes comparable to latent heat ...

G. T. Csanady

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Optimized Phosphors for Warm White LED Light Engines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to develop phosphor systems and LED light engines that have steady-state LED efficacies (using LEDs with a 60% wall-plug efficiency) of 105–120 lm/W with correlated color temperatures (CCT) ~3000 K, color rendering indices (CRI) >85, <0.003 distance from the blackbody curve (dbb), and <2% loss in phosphor efficiency under high temperature, high humidity conditions. In order to reach these goals, this involves the composition and processing optimization of phosphors previously developed by GE in combination with light engine package modification.

Setlur, Anant; Brewster, Megan; Garcia, Florencio; Hill, M. Christine; Lyons, Robert; Murphy, James; Stecher, Tom; Stoklosa, Stan; Weaver, Stan; Happek, Uwe; Aesram, Danny; Deshpande, Anirudha

2012-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

A Statistical Method Analyzing LED Lumen Depreciation and Projecting LED Life  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is a strong need for a method to represent the potential life of LED products as a critical part of design decisions including cost-effectiveness analysis. The IES LM-80 test method is in place to collect lumen depreciation data but it does not provide for estimation of future long term depreciation. Separate estimation methods are being considered (TM-21) and this paper describes the analysis of a series of LED degradation models and subsequent development of an estimation method. The work involves analysis of a set of engineering models to determine their applicability and define a structure for their use in LED lumen output life based on a lumen output level such as the L70 metric. The analysis has provided valuable information on methods effectively estimating LED life time, and impacts of measurement uncertainties, test duration, interval and other test conditions on selecting degradation models and LED life time projection. A set of guidelines are recommended to estimate LED life from data obtained using the current LM-80 test method.

Qiao, Hong (Amy); Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Hathaway, John E.; Richman, Eric E.; Radkov, Emil

2010-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

29

Lumen Maintenance and Light Loss Factors: Consequences of Current Design Practices for LED's  

SciTech Connect

Synopsis: Light loss factors are used to help lighting systems meet quantitative design criteria throughout the life of the installation, but they also influence energy use. As the light sources currently being specified continue to evolve, it is necessary to reevaluate the methods used in calculating light loss factors, as well as carefully consider the consequences of different product performance attributes. Because of the unique operating characteristics of LEDs and lack of a comprehensive lifetime rating—as well as the problematic relationship between lifetime and lumen maintenance—determining an appropriate lamp lumen depreciation (LLD) factor for LED products is difficult. As a result, a unique solution has been advocated: when quantity of light is an important design consideration, the IES recommends using an LLD of not greater than 0.70. This method deviates from the typical practice for conventional sources of using the ratio of mean to initial lumen output, and can misrepresent actual performance, increase energy use, and inhibit comparisons between products. This paper discusses the complications related to LLD and LEDs, compares the performance of conventional and LED products, and examines alternatives to a maximum LLD of 0.70 for LEDs.

Royer, Michael P.

2013-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

30

THE WHITE HOUSE | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE White House Mission Requests Memorandum...

31

Arrhenius and global warming  

SciTech Connect

Although concern about global atmospheric warming has intensified in recent decades, research into the greenhouse effect actually began in the 19th century. Fourier and other scientists appreciated that without heat-absorbing gases in the atmosphere, the temperature on the ground would be considerably lower, making life as we know it impossible. In 1896, the Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius was the first to make a quantitative link between changes in carbon dioxide concentration and climate. Publication of his paper was celebrated at a recent Swedish workshop. 13 refs., 1 fig.

Uppenbrink, J.

1996-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

32

White Ash Biology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White Ash Biology Name: blondi Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: 1. Is the white ash tree endangered or is it a protected variety? 2. How does the white ash tree...

33

IBM Certification White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IBM Certification White Paper The value of IT Certification #12;The value of IT Certification White · Respect and admiration of peers · Entrance into a community of like-minded professionals This white paper that can be evaluated in terms of ROI. Those most often #12;The value of IT Certification White paper

34

WARM SPRINGS, OREGON  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

and, as part of its charter, has the responsibility to evaluate and develop renewable energy resources for the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs. WSPWE recently completed a multi-year-year wind resource assessment of tribal lands, beginning with the installation of wind monitoring towers on the Mutton Mountains site in 2003, and collection of on-site wind data is ongoing. The study identified the Mutton Mountain site on the northeastern edge of the reservation as a site with sufficient wind resources to support a commercial power project estimated to generate over 226,000 MWh per year. Initial estimates indicate that the first phase of the project would be approximately 79.5 MW of installed capacity. This Phase 2 study expands and builds on the previously conducted Phase 1 Wind Resource Assessment, dated June 30, 2007. In order to fully assess the economic benefits that may accrue to the Tribes through wind energy development at Mutton Mountain, a planning-level opinion of probable cost was performed to define the costs associated with key design and construction aspects of the proposed project. This report defines the Mutton Mountain project costs and economics in sufficient detail to allow the Tribes to either build the project themselves or contract with a developer under the most favorable terms possible for the Tribes.

Jim Manion; Michael Lofting; Wil Sando; Emily Leslie; Randy Goff

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

35

Lowering Color Temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ White Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to light bulbs, which require high durability and low energy consumption. How- ever, for warm white indoorLowering Color Temperature of Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ White Light Emitting Diodes Using Reddish Light light emitting diodes LEDs coated with a single phosphor is realized by employing a tunable short wave

Lee, Yong-Hee

36

Global Warming and Extreme Weather  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming and Extreme Weather Global Warming and Extreme Weather Speaker(s): Michael Wehner Date: November 28, 2006 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Surabi Menon Extreme weather events can have serious impacts on human and ecological systems. Changes in the magnitude and frequency of extreme weather associated with changes in the mean climate are likely the most serious consequence of human induced global warming. Understanding what the future portends is vital if society hopes to adapt to the very different world that awaits. In this talk, we will exploit simple extreme value theory to make predictions about the late 21st century climate. Current work on the relationship between global warming and the hurricane cycle will also be presented. The bottom line is that events that are considered rare today

37

Global warming continues in 1989  

SciTech Connect

Nineteen eight-nine ranks as one of the warmest years on record despite the chill of unusually cool water in the tropical Pacific. The continued robustness of the warming trend that began in the mid-1970s lends support to claims that an intensifying greenhouse effect is behind it all, although that case has not yet been made definitively. Even at the current rate of global warming it will take another 10 years or so to be confident that the greenhouse effect is with us. Although the global warming trend is consistent with an increasing contribution by the greenhouse effect, direct signs that the greenhouse effect is intensifying are still hard to come by in the temperature record. Greenhouse models agree that if that is happening, the temperature increase should be most pronounced around the Arctic. Alaska, northwestern Canada, and northern Siberia warmed sharply in the 1980s, but the region from eastern Canada through Greenland and into Scandinavia cooled markedly.

Kerr, R.A.

1990-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

38

Authropogenic Warming in North Alaska?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using permafrost boreholes, Lachenbruch and Marshall recently reported evidence for a 2°–4°C warming in North Alaska occurring at some undetermined time during the last century. Popular accounts suggest their findings are evidence for ...

Patrick J. Michaels; David E. Sappington; David E. Stooksbury

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

The Psychology of Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evidence in support of global warming and the lack of significant published evidence to the contrary provides an extraordinarily strong foundation for the scientific community's call for action on greenhouse gas emissions. However, public ...

Ben R. Newell; Andrew J. Pitman

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

APS Renewal White Paper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

| 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed APS Renewal White Paper NOVEMBER 21, 2008 Bookmark and Share The white paper prepared for the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Black and White Sight  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black and White Sight Name: Andy Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Why do some animals see in black and White? Replies: In the animal kingdom, sight is accomplished by...

42

CALiPER Exploratory Study: Accounting for Uncertainty in Lumen Measurements  

SciTech Connect

With a well-defined and shared understanding of uncertainty in lumen measurements, testing laboratories can better evaluate their processes, contributing to greater consistency and credibility of lighting testing a key component of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Commercially Available LED Product Evaluation and Reporting (CALiPER) program. Reliable lighting testing is a crucial underlying factor contributing toward the success of many energy-efficient lighting efforts, such as the DOE GATEWAY demonstrations, Lighting Facts Label, ENERGY STAR® energy efficient lighting programs, and many others. Uncertainty in measurements is inherent to all testing methodologies, including photometric and other lighting-related testing. Uncertainty exists for all equipment, processes, and systems of measurement in individual as well as combined ways. A major issue with testing and the resulting accuracy of the tests is the uncertainty of the complete process. Individual equipment uncertainties are typically identified, but their relative value in practice and their combined value with other equipment and processes in the same test are elusive concepts, particularly for complex types of testing such as photometry. The total combined uncertainty of a measurement result is important for repeatable and comparative measurements for light emitting diode (LED) products in comparison with other technologies as well as competing products. This study provides a detailed and step-by-step method for determining uncertainty in lumen measurements, working closely with related standards efforts and key industry experts. This report uses the structure proposed in the Guide to Uncertainty Measurements (GUM) for evaluating and expressing uncertainty in measurements. The steps of the procedure are described and a spreadsheet format adapted for integrating sphere and goniophotometric uncertainty measurements is provided for entering parameters, ordering the information, calculating intermediate values and, finally, obtaining expanded uncertainties. Using this basis and examining each step of the photometric measurement and calibration methods, mathematical uncertainty models are developed. Determination of estimated values of input variables is discussed. Guidance is provided for the evaluation of the standard uncertainties of each input estimate, covariances associated with input estimates and the calculation of the result measurements. With this basis, the combined uncertainty of the measurement results and finally, the expanded uncertainty can be determined.

Bergman, Rolf; Paget, Maria L.; Richman, Eric E.

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

43

Dr. Christopher C. White  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Dr. White has published numerous peer reviewed papers and conference proceedings, and has served as a reviewer for numerous journals. ...

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

44

Global Warming: Physics and Facts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains papers on: A tutorial on global atmospheric energetics and the greenhouse effect; global climate models: what and how; comparison of general circulation models; climate and the earth`s radiation budget; temperature and sea level change; short-term climate variability and predictions; the great ocean conveyor; trace gases in the atmosphere: temporal and spatial trends; the geochemical carbon cycle and the uptake of fossil fuel CO{sub 2}; forestry and global warming; the physical and policy linkages; policy implications of greenhouse warming; options for lowering US carbon dioxide emissions; options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions; and science and diplomacy: a new partnership to protect the environment.

Levi, B.G. [Physics Today, New York, NY (United States); Hafemeister, D. [Committee on Foreign Relations (U.S. Senate), Washington, DC (United States); Scribner, R. [Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (United States)] [eds.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Global Warming: Physics and Facts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains papers on: A tutorial on global atmospheric energetics and the greenhouse effect; global climate models: what and how; comparison of general circulation models; climate and the earth's radiation budget; temperature and sea level change; short-term climate variability and predictions; the great ocean conveyor; trace gases in the atmosphere: temporal and spatial trends; the geochemical carbon cycle and the uptake of fossil fuel CO{sub 2}; forestry and global warming; the physical and policy linkages; policy implications of greenhouse warming; options for lowering US carbon dioxide emissions; options for reducing carbon dioxide emissions; and science and diplomacy: a new partnership to protect the environment.

Levi, B.G. (Physics Today, New York, NY (United States)); Hafemeister, D. (Committee on Foreign Relations (U.S. Senate), Washington, DC (United States)); Scribner, R. (Georgetown Univ., Washington, DC (United States)) (eds.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Policy implications of greenhouse warming  

SciTech Connect

Contents: background; the greenhouse gases and their effects; policy framework; adaptation; mitigation; international considerations; findings and conclusions; recommendations; questions and answers about greenhouse warming; background information on synthesis panel members and professional staff; and membership lists for effects, mitigation, and adaptation panels.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Why Are There Tropical Warm Pools?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tropical warm pools appear as the primary mode in the distribution of tropical sea surface temperature (SST). Most previous studies have focused on the role of atmospheric processes in homogenizing temperatures in the warm pool and establishing ...

Amy C. Clement; Richard Seager; Raghu Murtugudde

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Publicly Submitted White Papers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... specified authors for any use beyond viewing the papers on the ... The white paper submissions presented here represent one channel through which ...

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

49

Prediction of domestic warm-water consumption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents methodologies able to predict dynamic warm water consumption in district heating systems, using time-series analysis. A simulation model according to the day of a week has been chosen for modeling the domestic warm water consumption ... Keywords: autoregressive model, district heating systems, domestic warm water, prediction, simulation, time series models

Elena Serban; Daniela Popescu

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Heard Island global warming test  

SciTech Connect

In late January and early February 1991, an international team will conduct an experiment to test the possibility of measuring global warming in the world's oceans. The goal is to provide early indications of warming caused by the so-called greenhouse effect, the atmospheric buildup of CO{sub 2} and other gases. The method is based on the principle that acoustic energy travels through water between a source and receiver at a speed determined primarily by the water temperature. Thus acoustic travel time can be used as a temperature gauge. The idea is an outgrowth of suggestions made by Professor Walter Munk of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography and Professor Carl Wunsch of MIT in the early 1980s to use long-range underwater acoustic transmissions to measure changes in the heat content of the oceans.

Spindel, R.C. (Univ. of Washington, Seattle (USA))

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Hydrological consequences of global warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 2007 Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change indicates there is strong evidence that the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide far exceeds the natural range over the last 650,000 years, and this recent warming of the climate system is unequivocal, resulting in more frequent extreme precipitation events, earlier snowmelt runoff, increased winter flood likelihoods, increased and widespread melting of snow and ice, longer and more widespread droughts, and rising sea level. The effects of recent warming has been well documented and climate model projections indicate a range of hydrological impacts with likely to very likely probabilities (67 to 99 percent) of occurring with significant to severe consequences in response to a warmer lower atmosphere with an accelerating hydrologic cycle.

Miller, Norman L.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

White Spots in Superalloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Also, a brief description of detection methods ... (EDS) Analysis of the Discrete White Spot in the Alloy ..... 400°C (750'99, Load Control, R Ratio = 0. 164 .... Electric. 7. Reported at May, 1992 White Spots Workshop by S. Besse of SNECMA. 8.

53

Warm or Steaming Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warm or Steaming Ground Warm or Steaming Ground Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Print PDF Warm or Steaming Ground Dictionary.png Warm or Steaming Ground: An area where geothermal heat is conducted to the earth's surface, warming the ground and sometimes causing steam to form when water is present. Other definitions:Wikipedia Reegle Modern Geothermal Features Typical list of modern geothermal features Hot Springs Fumaroles Warm or Steaming Ground Mudpots, Mud Pools, or Mud Volcanoes Geysers Blind Geothermal System Steam rising from the ground at Eldvorp, a 10 km row of craters, in Southwestern Iceland. http://www.visiticeland.com/SearchResults/Attraction/eldvorp Warm or steaming ground is often an indicator of a geothermal system beneath the surface. In some cases a geothermal system may not show any

54

Global warming and biological diversity  

SciTech Connect

This book is based on presentations given at the World Wildlife Fund's Conference on Consequences of the Greenhouse Effect for Biological Diverisity in 1988, and includes updated literature citations. The general topics covered in the book include the following: overview; summary of past responses of plants to climatic change; general ecological and physiological responses; ecosystems in 4 specific regions (arctic marine, Alaskan North Slope, NW US forests, and Mediterranean); global warming's implications for conservation. Ideas and data from many ecosystems and information about the relationships between biodiversity and climatic change are brought together with a balance of factual information and defensible scientific prognostication.

Peters, R.L.; Lovejoy, T.E. (eds.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Motor vehicles and global warming  

SciTech Connect

Energy use in transportation is one of the contributors to the concern over global warming. The primary greenhouse gases released by the transportation sector are carbon dioxide and chlorofluorocarbons. When all greenhouse gases are considered, CO{sub 2} emissions from the operation of highway vehicles worldwide represent about 4.7% of global warming enhancement. CO{sub 2} emissions from U.S. highway vehicles along represent about 2 to 2.5% of worldwide greenhouse gases. The use of CFCs in automotive air conditioning, in blowing foams for seats and padding and in the manufacture of electronic circuit boards accounted for 15% of the global usage of CFC-12 in 1985 according to the U.S. EPA. The Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association supports the phase-out of CFC use provided that safe substitutes are available and that adequate lead time is allowed for.They suggest that reduction of greenhouse gases would require planning on a global scope to be effective. One alternative they suggest for further study is a carbon fee for reducing emissions of carbon dioxide. This fee would be levied on each type of fossil fuel, proportional to its carbon content per unit of energy.

Halberstadt, M.L.

1990-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

White_House_economic_rpt_0211.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WhiteHouseeconomicrpt0211.pdf WhiteHouseeconomicrpt0211.pdf WhiteHouseeconomicrpt0211.pdf More Documents & Publications WhiteHouse0921.pdf THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE...

57

White_House_0921.pdf | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WhiteHouse0921.pdf WhiteHouse0921.pdf WhiteHouse0921.pdf More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE WhiteHouseeconomicrpt021...

58

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of planet formation and structures as well as the evolution of an imploding inertial fusion capsule depends on our understanding of matter in the complex warm dense matter...

59

Hotel energy use contributes to global warming.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Before learning about the consequences of global warming and the efforts hotels are making to reverse the effects, it is important to get a better… (more)

Faja, Christine

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Demystifying White Spaces Xuemin Hongl  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white spaces. The term "white space" refers to "spatial white space" in the rest of this paper cellular (planned) networks [9] and ad-hoc networks [10]. Different from previous works, in this paper weDemystifying White Spaces Xuemin Hongl , Cheng-Xiang Wangl , John Thompson2 , and Yan Zhang3 1Joint

Wang, Cheng-Xiang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

FUNDAMENTALS OF UNDERVOLTAGE BREAKDOWN THROUGH THE TOWNSEND MECHANISM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white Incandescent bulb Cool White Fluorescent tube Natural White Daylight LED bulb 16 #12;Warm white kilolumen in 2015 LED Bulb US $100 per kilolumen in 2010 46 #12;Reducing Cost per Lumen Lower ­ shock resistant · Compact (Light bulb ~ 1,000 hrs) Additional LED Properties ULTIMO SCIENCE FESTIVAL

Choueiri, Edgar

62

Greenhouse warming and the tropical water budget  

SciTech Connect

The present work takes issue with some of the theses of Lindzen's (1990) work on global warming, arguing in particular that Lindzen's work is hampered by the use of oversimplified models. Lindzen then presents a detailed reply to these arguments, emphasizing the fundamental importance of the upper tropospheric water-vapor budget to the question of global warming. 26 refs.

Betts, A.K.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

The Sinking of Warm-Core Rings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Intense cooling of a warm-core ring or warming of the fluids surrounding a ring can increase the density of that ring relative to the surrounding fluids. This increase in density can cause the ring to sink under the surrounding fluids. A simple ...

Rick Chapman; Doron Nof

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

White-Tailed Deer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer Nature Bulletin No. 208-A November 27, 1965 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WHITE-TAILED DEER. In October, 1621, the Pilgrims decreed a harvest festival -- a holiday so that all might "after a more special manner, rejoice together". They had a good yield from the 20 acres of "Indian corn" which Squanto, the friendly Patuxet redskin had showed them how to plant in little mounds properly spaced and tended -- each fertilized with three herring placed like the spokes of a wheel, with the heads toward the center. They invited Massasoit, chief of the neighboring tribes, but when he arrived with 90 hungry braves, it was necessary for some of these to go out and kill five deer.

65

The Early History of White’s Illusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The illusion that is now commonly referred to as ‘White’s illusion ’ involves changes in the lightness of the mid-grey test elements that replace sections of the black or white bars of a black–white square–wave grating. This paper describes the discovery of White’s illusion; an attempt to explain it in terms of assimilation theory; the interest it has generated amongst vision researchers; the subsequent discovery of dotted versions of the illusion; and the earlier discovery by other researchers of coloured versions.

Michael White

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

67

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s.

Erskine, David J. (Oakland, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

White light velocity interferometer  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention is a technique that allows the use of broadband and incoherent illumination. Although denoted white light velocimetry, this principle can be applied to any wave phenomenon. For the first time, powerful, compact or inexpensive sources can be used for remote target velocimetry. These include flash and arc lamps, light from detonations, pulsed lasers, chirped frequency lasers, and lasers operating simultaneously in several wavelengths. The technique is demonstrated with white light from an incandescent source to measure a target moving at 16 m/s. 41 figs.

Erskine, D.J.

1999-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

70

Solar Warming Submitted to Avalanche.ca Journal Feb. 2008 Can solar warming contribute to dry slab avalanches?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar Warming Submitted to Avalanche.ca Journal Feb. 2008 Can solar warming contribute to dry slab, when signs of warming, such as relatively warm air temperatures, strong solar radiation, and moist by a skier on a steep south-west facing aspect. Solar warming may have contributed to this release. (photo

Jamieson, Bruce

71

A Decomposition of Feedback Contributions to Polar Warming Amplification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polar surface temperatures are expected to warm 2-3 times faster than the global mean surface temperature; a phenomenon referred to as polar warming amplification. Therefore, understanding individual process contributions to the polar warming is ...

Patrick C. Taylor; Ming Cai; Aixue Hu; Jerry Meehl; Warren Washington; Guang J. Zhang

72

Metrics White Paper Introduction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Metrics White Paper March 2010 Introduction Through the years, Unidata has conducted metrics, strategic partners, presentations, scientific papers, budgets, proposals, and other instances where or tools from Unidata's web site. Determining the classification of data to be captured, ad hoc committees

73

A Possible Effect of an Increase in the Warm-Pool SST on the Magnitude of El Nińo Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

El Nińo warming corresponds to an eastward extension of the western Pacific warm pool; one thus naturally wonders whether an increase in the warm pool SST will result in stronger El Nińos. This question, though elementary, has not drawn much ...

De-Zheng Sun

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

75

WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WESTERN WATER ASSESSMENT WHITE PAPER Socioeconomic Impacts and Adaptation Strategies: Assessing://www.socioeconimpacts.org and is described in greater detail in a companion white paper, "Socioeconomic Impacts and Adaptation Strategies: Assessing Research on Drought, Climate Change and Recreation". This white paper discusses literature

Neff, Jason

76

White House Mission Requests Memorandum | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Mission Requests Memorandum White House Mission Requests Memorandum White House Mission Requests Memorandum More Documents & Publications THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE...

77

The Dynamics of Warm and Cold Climates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmospheric dynamics of five different climate simulations with the GISS GCM are compared to investigate the changes that occur as climate warms or cools. There are two ice age simulations, the current and doubled CO2 climates, and a ...

D. Rind

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Response to Skeptics of Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The majority of the scientific community involved in climate research is convinced of the reality of a current and future global warming due to the greenhouse effect, a change that must be largely caused by human activities. However, a minority ...

William W. Kellogg

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Initial Precipitation Formation in Warm Florida Cumulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The microphysical processes that lead to the development of precipitation in small, warm cumulus are examined using data from the Small Cumulus Microphysics Study near Cape Canaveral, Florida. Aircraft measurements are used to determine the ...

Neil F. Laird; Harry T. Ochs III; Robert M. Rauber; L. Jay Miller

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

The Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A comprehensive dataset describing tropical cloud systems and their environmental setting and impacts has been collected during the Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) and Aerosol and Chemical Transport in Tropical ...

Peter T. May; James H. Mather; Geraint Vaughan; Keith N. Bower; Christian Jakob; Greg M. McFarquhar; Gerald G. Mace

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Dynamic and Thermodynamic Regulation of Ocean Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative roles of clouds, surface evaporation, and ocean heat transport in limiting maximum sea surface temperatures (SSTs) in the western Pacific warm pool are investigated by means of simple and intermediate coupled ocean–atmosphere models. ...

Tim Li; Timothy F. Hogan; C-P. Chang

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Numerical Simulation of Sudden Stratospheric Warmings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mechanistic, quasi-geostrophic, semi-spectral model with a self-consistent calculation of the mean zonal flow fields is used to numerically simulate sudden stratospheric warmings generated by a single zonal harmonic (m) planetary wave. The ...

Mark R. Schoeberl; Darrell F. Strobel

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Scaling Potential Evapotranspiration with Greenhouse Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Potential evapotranspiration (PET) is a supply-independent measure of the evaporative demand of a terrestrial climate, of basic importance in climatology, hydrology, and agriculture. Future increases in PET from greenhouse warming are often cited ...

Jacob Scheff; Dargan M. W. Frierson

84

Separating signal and noise in climate warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

11162011 | NR-11-11-03 Separating signal and noise in climate warming Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov Printer-friendly A National Oceanic and Atmospheric...

85

DUSEL Theory White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The NSF has chosen the site for the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL) to be in Lead, South Dakota. In fact, the state of South Dakota has already stepped up to the plate and contributed its own funding for the proposed lab, see http://www.sanfordlaboratoryathomestake.org/index.html. The final decision by NSF for funding the Initial Suite of Experiments for DUSEL will be made early in 2009. At that time the NSF Science Board must make a decision. Of order 200 experimentalists have already expressed an interest in performing experiments at DUSEL. In order to assess the interest of the theoretical community, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics (CCAPP) at The Ohio State University (OSU) organized a 3-day DUSEL Theory Workshop in Columbus, Ohio from April 4 - 6, 2008. The workshop focused on the scientific case for six proposed experiments for DUSEL: long baseline neutrino oscillations, proton decay, dark matter, astrophysical neutrinos, neutrinoless double beta decay and N-Nbar oscillations. The outcome of this workshop is the DUSEL Theory White paper addressing the scientific case at a level which may be useful in the decision making process for policy makers at the NSF and in the U.S. Congress. In order to assess the physics interest in the DUSEL project we have posted the DUSEL Theory White paper on the following CCAPP link http://ccapp.osu.edu/whitepaper.html . Please read the white paper and, if you are interested, use the link to show your support by co-signing the white paper.

S. Raby; T. Walker; K. S. Babu; H. Baer; A. B. Balantekin; V. Barger; Z. Berezhiani; A. de Gouvea; R. Dermisek; A. Dolgov; P. Fileviez Perez; G. Gabadadze; A. Gal; P. Gondolo; W. Haxton; Y. Kamyshkov; B. Kayser; E. Kearns; B. Kopeliovich; K. Lande; D. Marfatia; R. N. Mohapatra; P. Nath; Y. Nomura; K. A. Olive; J. Pati; S. Profumo; R. Shrock; Z. Tavartkiladze; K. Whisnant; L. Wolfenstein

2008-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

86

Cold-blooded and warm-blooded  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cold-blooded and warm-blooded Cold-blooded and warm-blooded Name: Walter Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: What is the fundamental difference between cold-blooded and warm- blooded creatures? I know that reptile blood is a bit different than mammal blood, but is that the difference or is it a difference in the other cells of the body? Replies: Warm blooded refers to an animals ability to maintain its body temperature at a constant level. Cold blooded animal's bodies stay at the temperature of environment around them (more or less). The mechanism by which a warm blooded animal does this is by generating heat, mostly through muscle movement (but by other biochemical processes too). An example of this is shivering. Warm blooded animals also cool themselves off by sweating, panting (and other ways). In mammals the hypothalamic area of the brain has much to do with controlling these reflex processes

87

Television news coverage of global warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Citizens are expressing increased concern over the number and variety of environmental problems. Global warming in particular is a focus of concern for scientists and environmental groups. Such concern should naturally motivate individuals to seek information about these topics. Many people turn to the media, most usually television, for information on the nature of these problems. Consequently, this paper studied media coverage of environmental issues, specifically global warming. Television coverage was examined for: (1) the general nature of coverage; (2) biases in coverage; (3) visual images used to cover global warming; and (4) the congruity between visual and verbal messages in newscasts. Nightly newscasts from the three major American television networks were analyzed from 1993--1995 to determine the overall nature of global warming coverage since the Earth Summit in 1992. Results indicated that television news suffers from some serious inadequacies in its portrayal of global warming issues. The paper concludes by first discussing how its results intertwine with other work in the global warming and mass media field. Finally, the implications of inadequacies in media coverage for policy-makers when it comes to sound management of critical resources in this area are also discussed.

Nitz, M. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States). School of Communication; Jarvis, S. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States). Dept. of Speech Communication; Kenski, H. [Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Communication

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

White Noise Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

white noise space 3.2 Wick tensors 3.3 Hida-Kubo-Takenaka space 3.4 Kondratiev-Streit space 3.5 Cochran-Kuo-Sengupta space 4. Continuous versions and analytic extensions 4.1 Continuous versions 4.2 Analytic extensions 4.3 Integrable functions 4.4 Generalized functions induced by measures 4.5 Generalized Radon-Nikodym derivative 5. Characterization theorems 5.1 The S-transform 5.2 Characterization of generalized functions 5.3 Convergence of generalized functions 5.4 Characterization of test functions 5.5 Intrinsic topology for the space of test functions 6. Continuous operators and adjoints 6.1 Differential operators 6.2 Translation and scaling operators 6.3 Multiplication and Wick product 6.4 Fourier-Gauss transform 6.5 Extensions to CKS-spaces 7. Comments on other topics and applications 1 2 HUI-HSIUNG KUO 1. Introduction x1.1 What is white noise? White noise is a sound with equal intensity at all frequencies within a broad band. Rock music, the roar of a jet engine, and the noise...

Hui-Hsiung Kuo

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

The lumenal loop M672-P707 of the Menkes protein (ATP7A) transfers copper to peptidylglycine monooxygenase  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Copper transfer to cuproproteins located in vesicular compartments of the secretory pathway depends on activity of the copper translocating ATPase (ATP7A or ATP7B) but the mechanism of transfer is largely unexplored. Copper-ATPase ATP7A is unique in having a sequence rich in histidine and methionine residues located on the lumenal side of the membrane. The corresponding fragment binds Cu(I) when expressed as a chimera with a scaffold protein, and mutations or deletions of His and/or Met residues in its sequence inhibit dephosphorylation of the ATPase, a catalytic step associated with copper release. Here we present evidence for a potential role of this lumenal region of ATP7A in copper transfer to cuproenzymes. Both Cu(II) and Cu(I) forms were investigated since the form in which copper is transferred to acceptor proteins is currently unknown. Analysis of Cu(II) using EPR demonstrated that at Cu:P ratios below 1:1, 15N-substituted protein had Cu(II) bound by 4 His residues, but this coordination changed as the Cu(II) to protein ratio increased towards 2:1. XAS confirmed this coordination via analysis of the intensity of outer-shell scattering from imidazole residues. The Cu(II) complexes could be reduced to their Cu(I) counterparts by ascorbate, but here again, as shown by EXAFS and XANES spectroscopy, the coordination was dependent on copper loading. At low copper Cu(I) was bound by a mixed ligand set of His + Met while at higher ratios His coordination predominated. The copper-loaded loop was able to transfer either Cu(II) or Cu(I) to peptidylglycine monooxygenase in the presence of chelating resin, generating catalytically active enzyme in a process that appeared to involve direct interaction between the two partners. The variation of coordination with copper loading suggests copper-dependent conformational change which in turn could act as a signal for regulating copper release by the ATPase pump.

Otoikhian, Adenike [Oregon Health & Sciences University; Barry, Amanda N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mayfield, Mary [Oregon Health & Science University; Nilges, Mark [Illinois EPR Center; Huang, Yiping [Johns Hopkins University; Lutsenko, Svetlana [Johns Hopkins University; Blackburn, Ninian [Oregon Health & Science University

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

90

White Dwarfs in Globular Clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review empirical and theoretical findings concerning white dwarfs in Galactic globular clusters. Since their detection is a critical issue we describe in detail the various efforts to find white dwarfs in globular clusters. We then outline the advantages of using cluster white dwarfs to investigate the formation and evolution of white dwarfs and concentrate on evolutionary channels that appear to be unique to globular clusters. We also discuss the usefulness of globular cluster white dwarfs to provide independent information on the distances and ages of globular clusters, information that is very important far beyond the immediate field of white dwarf research. Finally, we mention possible future avenues concerning globular cluster white dwarfs, like the study of strange quark matter or plasma neutrinos.

S. Moehler; G. Bono

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

91

Semiconductor Nanocrystals-Based White Light Emitting Diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to the demands for energy and the concerns of global warming and climate change, energy efficient and environmentally friendly solid state lighting, such as white light emitting diodes (WLEDs), is considered to be the most promising and suitable light source. Because of their small size, high efficiency, and long lifetime, WLEDs based on colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (or quantum dots) are emerging as a completely new technology platform for the development of flat-panel displays and solid state lighting, exhibiting the potential to replace the conventionally used incandescent and fluorescent lamps. This replacement could cut the ever-increasing energy consumption, solve the problem of rapidly depleting fossil fuel reserves, and improve the quality of the global environment. In this review, we highlight the recent progress in semiconductor nanocrystals-based WLEDs, compare different approaches for generating white light, and discuss the benefits and challenges of the solid state lighting technology.

Dai, Quanqin [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Semiconductor-Nanocrystals-Based White Light-Emitting Diodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In response to the demands for energy and the concerns of global warming and climate change, energy efficient and environmentally friendly solid-state lighting, such as white lightemitting diodes (WLEDs), is considered to be the most promising and suitable light source. Because of their small size, high efficiency, and long lifetime, WLEDs based on colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals (or quantum dots) are emerging as a completely new technology platform for the development of flat-panel displays and solid-state lighting, exhibiting the potential to replace the conventionally used incandescent and fluorescent lamps. This replacement can cut the ever-increasing level of energy consumption, solve the problem of rapidly depleting fossil fuel reserves, and improve the quality of the global environment. In this review, the recent progress in semiconductor-nanocrystals-based WLEDs is highlighted, the different approaches for generating white light are compared, and the benefits and challenges of the solid-state lighting technology are discussed.

Dai, Quanqin [ORNL; Duty, Chad E [ORNL; Hu, Michael Z. [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Can we delay a greenhouse warming  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews a book published by the Environmental Protection Agency. The book discussed the Greenhouse Effect which is a warming of the earth's atmosphere caused by the doubling of the atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. The excess carbon dioxide is pollution derived from the burning of fossil fuels. The report suggested that the warming of the atmosphere would cause thawing of the polar regions which in turn would cause a rise in sea levels and flooding of the coastal lowlands. In addition to the flooding, the report predicted climate changes that would effect the productivity of croplands in the west. The authors of the report stressed that there was no way to avoid this warming of the earth. They suggested that people should start preparing for the inevitable.

Seidel, S.; Keyes, D.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Warm Dense Matter Print Being neither solid, liquid, gas, nor plasma, warm dense matter (WDM) occupies a no man's land in the map of material phases. Its temperature can range between that of planetary cores (tens of thousands K) to that of stellar cores (hundreds of thousands K). Not only is it prevalent throughout the universe, it is relevant to inertial confinement fusion (ICF) and material performance under extreme conditions. However, because of its extreme temperatures and pressures, WDM tends to be drastically transient and thus difficult to study in the laboratory. Now, researchers have set up ultrafast x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the ALS to measure the electronic structure of WDMs, demonstrating that fast-changing electron temperatures of matter under extreme conditions can be determined with picosecond resolution.

95

A New Material for Warm-White LEDs | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Probing Ultrafast Solvation Dynamics with High Repetition-Rate LaserX-ray Methodologies Ultrafast X-Ray Spectroscopy as a Probe of Nonequilibrium Dynamics in Ruthenium Complexes...

96

National Safety Council White Paper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Safety Council White Paper March 2010 Why driving while using hands-free cell phones is risky behavior Understanding the distracted brain 2...

97

DOE Final report [A genetic analysis of the lumenal proteins of the PSII O{sub 2} evolving complex of cyanobacteria  

SciTech Connect

The primary objectives of this proposal were a better understanding of the structure and function of the Mn-stabilizing (MSP) in two cyanobacteria, Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 and Cyanothece sp. ATCC51142. In addition, the author was interested in analysis of the other cyanobacteria lumenal PSII proteins, cyt c{sub 550} and the 12 kDa protein. The experimentation involved analysis of targeted random mutagenesis of the genes encoding the three proteins, especially in psbO, the gene encoding MSP. This required mutant screening with a digital imaging spectrometer. Knockout mutants of the other two lumenal proteins in Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 were also constructed. In addition, photosynthetic O{sub 2} evolution in Cyanothece sp. ATCC51142, a nitrogen-fixing strain that regulates the activity of nitrogenase and photosynthesis in a temporal fashion, was analyzed.

Sherman, Louis A.

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

white-98.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 5 A Comparison of Shipboard and Island Observations from the Combined Sensor Program A. B. White Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado NOAA-Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado C. W. Fairall and M. J. Post NOAA-Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction Two issues concerning the Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) Atmospheric Radiation and Cloud Stations (ARCS) are these: To what degree are the measurements obtained from the island ARCS influenced by the islands themselves? What is the spatial representativeness of measurements from individual ARCS in the TWP region? The 1996 Combined Sensor Program (CSP) (Post et al. 1997) gave an opportunity to address these questions by providing

99

SECOQC Business White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In contemporary cryptographic systems, secret keys are usually exchanged by means of methods, which suffer from mathematical and technology inherent drawbacks. That could lead to unnoticed complete compromise of cryptographic systems, without a chance of control by its legitimate owners. Therefore a need for innovative solutions exists when truly and reliably secure transmission of secrets is required for dealing with critical data and applications. Quantum Cryptography (QC), in particular Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) can answer that need. The business white paper (BWP) summarizes how secret key establishment and distribution problems can be solved by quantum cryptography. It deals with several considerations related to how the quantum cryptography innovation could contribute to provide business effectiveness. It addresses advantages and also limitations of quantum cryptography, proposes a scenario case study, and invokes standardization related issues. In addition, it answers most frequently asked questions about quantum cryptography.

Solange Ghernaouti-Helie; Igli Tashi; Thomas Laenger; Christian Monyk

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

100

ILC Higgs White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ILC Higgs White Paper is a review of Higgs Boson theory and experiment at the International Linear Collider (ILC). Theory topics include the Standard Model Higgs, the two-Higgs doublet model, alternative approaches to electroweak symmetry breaking, and precision goals for Higgs boson experiments. Experimental topics include the measurement of the Higgs cross section times branching ratio for various Higgs decay modes at ILC center of mass energies of 250, 500, and 1000 GeV, and the extraction of Higgs couplings and the total Higgs width from these measurements. Luminosity scenarios based on the ILC TDR machine design are used throughout. The gamma-gamma collider option at the ILC is also discussed.

D. M. Asner; T. Barklow; C. Calancha; K. Fujii; N. Graf; H. E. Haber; A. Ishikawa; S. Kanemura; S. Kawada; M. Kurata; A. Miyamoto; H. Neal; H. Ono; C. Potter; J. Strube; T. Suehara; T. Tanabe; J. Tian; K. Tsumura; S. Watanuki; G. Weiglein; K. Yagyu; H. Yokoya

2013-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

THE WHITE HOUSE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON August 29, 1994 MEMORANDUM FOR CABINET MEMBER AND FULL-TIME EXECUTIVE BRANCH PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTEES FROM: LLOYD N. CUTLER SPECIAL COUNSEL TO THE PRESIDENT SUBJECT: Use of Company Aircraft and Accommodations As Presidential appointees, the actions we take reflect directly upon this Administration and on the President. We must therefore adhere strictly to the Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Executive Branch (Standards), 5. C.F.R. Part 2635. In addition, we must meet the even higher standard of avoiding conduct, however lawful, that public opinion regards as inappropriate for a Presidential appointee. In this spirit, the White House Chief of Staff has directed me to issue the following policy on the use, by Cabinet members and other full-time Executive Branch Presidential

102

Transitional solar dynamics, cosmic rays and global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solar activity is studied using a cluster analysis of the time-fluctuations of the sunspot number. It is shown that in an Historic period the high activity components of the solar cycles exhibit strong clustering, whereas in a Modern period (last seven solar cycles: 1933-2007) they exhibit a white-noise (non-)clustering behavior. Using this observation it is shown that in the Historic period, emergence of the sunspots in the solar photosphere was strongly dominated by turbulent photospheric convection. In the Modern period, this domination was broken by a new more active dynamics of the inner layers of the convection zone. Then, it is shown that the dramatic change of the sun dynamics at the transitional period (between the Historic and Modern periods, solar cycle 1933-1944yy) had a clear detectable impact on Earth climate. A scenario of a chain of transitions in the solar convective zone is suggested in order to explain the observations, and a forecast for the global warming is suggested on the basis of this scenario. A relation between the recent transitions and solar long-period chaotic dynamics has been found. Contribution of the galactic turbulence (due to galactic cosmic rays) has been discussed. These results are also considered in a content of chaotic climate dynamics at millennial timescales.

A. Bershadskii

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

103

Supermassive Black Holes and the Warm Ionized  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supermassive Black Holes and the Warm Ionized Gas in Early-type Galaxies Renbin Yan University stars actively. (late-type galaxies) #12;Prevalence of Supermassive Black Holes in Massive Galaxies MBH merging Right after coalescing Post-merger Star Formation Rate Black Hole Accretion Rate #12;Maintenance

Wang, Ming-Jye

104

Can we delay a greenhouse warming  

SciTech Connect

The author comments on the EPA report dated September 1983 Can We Delay A Greenhouse Warming. He takes exception to the widely-held interpretation that the answer is not much. The contribution of other greenhouse gases such as methane and nitrous oxide to the EPA scenarios is pointed out, and the lack of understanding of their role is emphasised. (ACR)

Perry, A.M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Warm Pool Physics in a Coupled GCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The physics of the Indo–Pacific warm pool are investigated using a coupled ocean atmosphere general circulation model. The model, developed at the Max-Planck-Institut fair Meteorologic, Hamburg, does not employ a flux correction and is used with ...

Niklas Schneider; Tim Barnett; Mojib Latif; Timothy Stockdale

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Observational Constraints on Past Attributable Warming and Predictions of Future Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the impact of aerosol forcing uncertainty on the robustness of estimates of the twentieth-century warming attributable to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions. Attribution analyses on three coupled climate models with ...

Peter A. Stott; John F. B. Mitchell; Myles R. Allen; Thomas L. Delworth; Jonathan M. Gregory; Gerald A. Meehl; Benjamin D. Santer

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

The Role of Human Activity in the Recent Warming of Extremely Warm Daytime Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Formal detection and attribution analyses of changes in daily extremes give evidence of a significant human influence on the increasing severity of extremely warm nights and decreasing severity of extremely cold days and nights. This paper ...

Nikolaos Christidis; Peter A. Stott; Simon J. Brown

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

CalCOFI Data Management, White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CalCOFI Data Management White Paper Karen I. Stocks 1 anddiscussions of this white paper and in part by the immediatesame timeframe as this white paper has been developed, there

Stocks, Karen I; Baker, Karen S

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Energy Tax Credits: Stay Warm and Save MORE Money! | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Credits: Stay Warm and Save MORE Money Energy Tax Credits: Stay Warm and Save MORE Money October 29, 2008 - 6:00am Addthis Allison Casey Senior Communicator, NREL With all of...

110

An Interpretation of Sudden Warmings In Terms of Potential vorticity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple and concise interpretation of stratospheric sudden warmings is offered in terms Of the transient changes in the potential vorticity pattern. The warming is viewed as a manifestation of the reversal of the mean (zonally averaged) relative ...

H. C. Davies

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Forecast cloudy; The limits of global warming models  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on climate models used to study global warming. It discusses factors which must be included in climate models, shortcomings of existing climate models, and scenarios for global warming.

Stone, P.H.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

An Analysis of Tropical Ocean Diurnal Warm Layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During periods of light surface wind, a warm stable layer forms at the ocean surface with a maximum sea surface temperature (SST) in the early afternoon. The diurnal SST amplitude (DSA) associated with these diurnal warm layers (DWLs) can reach ...

Hugo Bellenger; Jean-Philippe Duvel

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Sonoluminescence test for equation of state in warm dense matter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IN WARM DENSE MATTER Siu-Fai Ng 1, 2 , J. J. Barnard 3 , P.IN WARM DENSE MATTER Siu-Fai Ng 1, 2 , J. J. Barnard 3 , P.

Ng, Siu-Fai

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Global Warming Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Low-Global Warming Potential Refrigerants Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy

115

The Heat Balance of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic development of the Western Hemisphere warm pool and its four geographic subregions are analyzed. The subregional warm pools of the eastern North Pacific and equatorial Atlantic are best developed in the boreal spring, while in ...

David B. Enfield; Sang-ki Lee

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Anthropogenic Warming of the Oceans: Observations and Model Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations show the oceans have warmed over the past 40 yr, with appreciable regional variation and more warming at the surface than at depth. Comparing the observations with results from two coupled ocean–atmosphere climate models [the ...

David W. Pierce; Tim P. Barnett; Krishna M. AchutaRao; Peter J. Gleckler; Jonathan M. Gregory; Warren M. Washington

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Mechanisms of Global Warming Impacts on Regional Tropical Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms that determine the tropical precipitation anomalies under global warming are examined in an intermediate atmospheric model coupled with a simple land surface and a mixed layer ocean. To compensate for the warm tropospheric temperature, ...

Chia Chou; J. David Neelin

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Mechanisms for Global Warming Impacts on Precipitation Frequency and Intensity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global warming mechanisms that cause changes in frequency and intensity of precipitation in the tropics are examined in climate model simulations. Under global warming, tropical precipitation tends to be more frequent and intense for heavy ...

Chia Chou; Chao-An Chen; Pei-Hua Tan; Kuan Ting Chen

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Comparing the effects of greenhouse gas emissions on global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policies dealing with global warming require a measure of the effects of the emissions of greenhouse gases that create different magnitudes of instantaneous radiative forcing and have different lifetimes. The Global Warming ...

Eckaus, Richard S.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Sustainability White Paper | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White Paper Sustainability White Paper Sustainability is an initiative pursued by DOE to ensure the health of the nation, implement DOE's mission in support of that objective, and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Lori Ann White | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lori Ann White About Us Lori Ann White - Science Writer, SLAC Office of Communications Most Recent President Obama Honors Sidney Drell with National Medal of Science February...

122

Whites Renewable Energy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whites Renewable Energy Jump to: navigation, search Name Whites Renewable Energy Place United Kingdom Zip YO8 8EF Sector Biomass, Renewable Energy Product UK based company...

123

California Policy Should Distinguish Biofuels by Differential Global Warming Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Policy Should Distinguish Biofuels by Differential Global Warming Effects by Richard J: _______________________________________ Date #12;California Policy Should Distinguish Biofuels by Differential Global Warming Effects Richard J, 2006 #12;#12;ABSTRACT California Policy Should Distinguish Biofuels by Differential Global Warming

Kammen, Daniel M.

124

Storage Business Model White Paper  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Storage Business Model White Paper Storage Business Model White Paper Summary June 11 2013 Storage Business Model White Paper - Purpose  Identify existing business models for investors/operators, utilities, end users  Discuss alignment of storage "value proposition" with existing market designs and regulatory paradigms  Difficulties in realizing wholesale market product revenue streams for distributed storage - the "bundled applications" problem  Discuss risks/barriers to storage adoption and where existing risk mitigation measures fall down  Recommendations for policy/research steps - Alternative business models - Accelerated research into life span and failure modes

125

Latitudinal distribution of the recent Arctic warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing Arctic temperature, disappearance of Arctic sea ice, melting of the Greenland ice sheet, sea level rise, increasing strength of Atlantic hurricanes are these impending climate catastrophes supported by observations? Are the recent data really unprecedented during the observational records? Our analysis of Arctic temperature records shows that the Arctic and temperatures in the 1930s and 1940s were almost as high as they are today. We argue that the current warming of the Arctic region is affected more by the multi-decadal climate variability than by an increasing concentration of carbon dioxide. Unfortunately, none of the existing coupled Atmosphere-Ocean General Circulation Models used in the IPCC 2007 cIimate change assessment is able to reproduce neither the observed 20th century Arctic cIimate variability nor the latitudinal distribution of the warming.

Chylek, Petr [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lesins, Glen K [DALLHOUSIE UNIV.; Wang, Muyin [UNIV OF WASHINGTON

2010-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

126

Global Warming Mitigation Investments Optimized under Uncertainty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Warming Mitigation Investments Optimized under Uncertainty Global Warming Mitigation Investments Optimized under Uncertainty Speaker(s): Hermann Held Date: July 9, 2010 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Thomas McKone The Copenhagen Accord (2009) recognizes that 'the increase in global temperature should be below 2 degrees Celsius' (compared to pre-industrial levels, '2° target'). In recent years, energy economics have derived welfare-optimal investment streams into low-emission energy mixes and associated costs. According to our analyses, auxiliary targets that are in line with the 2° target could be achieved at relatively low costs if energy investments were triggered rather swiftly. While such analyses assume 'perfect foresight' of a benevolent 'social planner', an accompanying suite of experiments explicitly

127

Decarbonization and Sequestration for Mitigating Global Warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DECARBONIZATION AND SEQUESTRATION FOR DECARBONIZATION AND SEQUESTRATION FOR MITIGATING GLOBAL WARMING M. Steinberg (msteinbe@bnl.gov); 631-344-3036 Brookhaven National Laboratory 12 South Upton Street Upton, NY 11973-5000, USA ABSTRACT Mitigating the global warming greenhouse effect while maintaining a fossil fuel economy, requires improving efficiency of utilization of fossil fuels, use of high hydrogen content fossil fuels, decarbonization of fossil fuels, and sequestering of carbon and CO 2 applied to all the sectors of the economy, electric power generation, transportation, and industrial, and domestic power and heat generation. Decarbonization means removal of carbon as C or CO 2 either before or after fossil fuel combustion and sequestration means disposal of the recovered C or CO 2 including its utilization. Removal and recovery of CO

128

Rethinking the economics of global warming  

SciTech Connect

Most of the debates over the impact of the greenhouse effect have centered around the reliability of computer models and have neglected considerations of the economic effects of attempts to reduce global warming. Economic models have certain limitations but the input of cost benefit analysis is needed for arriving at suitable policies for lowering anthropogenic input into warming of the earth. Care must be used in extrapolating from data of time periods which are inappropriate. Estimates of costs of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions also must include possible benefits; at present this is not being done. Economic models must address differences in the distribution of global warming's consequences over time and geographical space. The costs of delaying or accelerating reduction in greenhouse-gas emissions need to be included in policy considerations. A global agreement must not adversely affect developing countries. Faulty assumptions of the effect of market forces on costs impair economic models. We have to recognize that economic and environmental goals need not be incompatible. If economic models are viewed as possible scenarios and not as predictions, then these scenarios can be useful in determining policies for reducing the greenhouse effect without harming populations and their economies.

Miller, A.; Mintzer, I.; Brown, P.G. (Univ. of Maryland, College Park (USA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

NUCLEAR THEORY WHITE PAPER 1995  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We review the accomplishments of nuclear theory during the past five years and identify the future challenges and research opportunities. [Final, substantially revised version of the nuclear theory white paper

G. Bertsch; B. Mueller; J. Negele; J. Friar; V. Pandharipande

1995-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

130

Warm Standby in Hierarchically Structured Process-Control Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We classify standby redundancy design space in process-control programs into the following three categories: cold standby, warm standby, and hot standby. Design parameters of warm standby are identified and the reliability of a system using warm standby is evaluated and compared with that of hot standby. Our analysis indicates that the warm standby scheme is particularly suitable for longlived unmaintainable systems, especially those operating in harsh environments where burst hardware failures are possible. The feasibility of warm standby is demonstrated with a simulated chemical batch reactor system.

Ing-Ray Chen And; Ing-ray Chen; Farokh B. Bastani

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Studies say - tentatively - that greenhouse warming is here  

SciTech Connect

Published studies on greenhouse warming have been ambivalent as to whether warming has arrived. Now two independent studies of the climate record have incriminated the green-house effect in global warming, although they fall short of convicting it. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology in Hamburg are confident they have exonerated natural climatic variability, saying the observed global warming seems to large to account for the warming effect. A group from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory directly implicates greenhouse warming by finding its geographic `fingerprinting` in the climate record of the past century. This article discusses both studies and how the results will affect future concerns in the area of greenhouse warming.

Kerr, R.A.

1995-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

132

NASA LAW 2006 LABORATORY ASTROPHYSICS WHITE PAPER 1 LABORATORY ASTROPHYSICS WHITE PAPER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NASA LAW 2006 LABORATORY ASTROPHYSICS WHITE PAPER 1 LABORATORY ASTROPHYSICS WHITE PAPER (BASED ASTROPHYSICS WHITE PAPER NASA LAW 2006 The NASA Universe Working Group (UWG) within the SMD requested a White are addressed in the subsequent sections of this requested White Paper, which also contains a set

Savin, Daniel Wolf

133

Tropical Cyclogenesis Factors in a Warming Climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the underlying causes of tropical cyclone formation is crucial to predicting tropical cyclone behavior in a warming environment, given the Earth's current warming trend. This study examines two sets of simulations from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Community Atmosphere Model version 3.1 (CAM3): one with aerosol forcings and one without. We looked at how four factors known to be important to tropical cyclone formation vary as carbon dioxde and the ensuing temperature changes increase to very high levels. These factors include Maximum Potential Intensity (MPI), mid-tropospheric moisture content, 200-850 mb vertical wind shear, and 850 mb absolute vorticity. We considered different representations of mid-tropospheric moisture by examining both relative humidity and chi, a non-dimensional measure of the saturation entropy deficit at 600 mb. We also looked at different combinations of these factors, including several variations of a Genesis Potential Index (GPI) and an incubation parameter, gamma, that is related to the length of time required to saturate the middle troposphere and aid tropical cyclogenesis. Higher MPI, lower saturation deficits and higher relative humidity, lower wind shear, and higher absolute vorticity all act to enhance the GPI and lower the incubation time, meaning larger environmental support for tropical cyclone development and intensification. In areas where tropical cyclone development is prevalent today, we found that shear generally decreased, but MPI decreased, absolute vorticity decreased, and the saturation deficit increases. Thus, in today's prevalent tropical cyclone regions, conditions become less favorable for development and intensification as the climate warms. On the other hand, genesis regions tend to push northward into the subtropics, as conditions become much more favorable for development up to ~40 degrees North due to both decreased wind shear and much higher MPI values.

Cathey, Stephen Christopher

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Study of the Mn-binding sites in photosystem II using antibodies raised against lumenal regions of the D1 and D2 reaction center proteins  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The experiments discussed in this thesis focus on identifying the protein segments or specific amino acids which provide ligands to the Mn cluster of photosystem II (PS II). This Mn cluster plays a central role in the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of PS II. The Mn cluster is thought to be bound by lumenal regions of the PS II reaction center proteins known as D1 and D2. First, several peptides were synthesized which correspond to specific lumenal segments of the D1 and D2 proteins. Next, polyclonal antibodies were successfully elicited using three of these peptides. The peptides recognized by these antibodies correspond to protein segments of the spinach reaction center proteins: Ile-321 to Ala-344 of D1 (D1-a), Asp-319 to Arg-334 of D1 (D1-b), and Val-300 to Asn-319 of D2 (D2-a). These antibodies were then used in assays which were developed to structurally or functionally probe the potential Mn-binding regions of the D1 and D2 proteins.

Dalmasso, E.A.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Swapping Global Warming Gases for Methane in Gas Hydrate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Swapping Global Warming Gases for Methane in Gas Hydrate Layer ... would serve as energy sources as well as carbon dioxide storage sites in the ...

2006-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

136

Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal...

137

Intense Ion Beam for Warm Dense Matter Physics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

charged particle physics Introduction . . . . . . . . .Driven Warm Dense Matter Physics, Four Point Sher- atonIntroduction to Plasma Physics, Plenum Press, New York [18

Heimbucher, Lynn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

She, With a Warm Palm, the Skin Over My Spine.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??She, with a Warm Palm, the Skin over My Spine is a collection of sixnonfiction essays and three vignettes divided into two parts. The first… (more)

Cambardella, Cara Maria Michele

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities White House Initiative on Historically Black Colleges and Universities How WHI-HBCU are ran White House...

140

LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 For immediate release: 11/11/2013 | NR-13-11-04 Lawrence Livermore scientists have found that observed changes in global precipitation are directly affected by human activities. LLNL scientists find precipitation, global warming link Anne M Stark, LLNL, (925) 422-9799, stark8@llnl.gov LIVERMORE, Calif. -- The rain in Spain may lie mainly on the plain, but the location and intensity of that rain is changing not only in Spain but around the globe. A new study by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists shows that observed changes in global (ocean and land) precipitation are directly affected by human activities and cannot be explained by natural variability alone. The research appears in the Nov. 11 online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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141

THE WHITE HOUSE | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

THE WHITE HOUSE THE WHITE HOUSE More Documents & Publications Progress Report on U.S.-China Energy Cooperation US-China clean energy report US-ChinaFactSheetElectricVehicles....

142

US Commerce Secretary, White House Cybersecurity ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Watch Webcast Today: US Commerce Secretary Gary Locke, White House Cybersecurity Coordinator Howard A. Schmidt to Visit Silicon Valley to ...

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

143

White House Statement - 2000 Baldrige Awards  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary. President Clinton Announces Winners of 2000 Baldrige Award. For Immediate ...

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

144

US Commerce Secretary Gary Locke, White House ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

US Commerce Secretary Gary Locke, White House Cybersecurity Coordinator Howard A. Schmidt Announce Next Steps to Enhance Online ...

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

145

DoD Reference Architecture White Paper  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... al, 2009], Navigating the SOA Opens Standards Landscape Around Architectures, White Paper edited by Heather Kreger, IBM and Jeff Estefan ...

2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

146

Affymetrix White Paper: GeneChip  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Affymetrix® White Paper: GeneChip® 3' IVT Express Kit May 14, 2009 P/N WH105 Page 1 of 9 White and optimized reagents that enable lower RNA input and increased ease of use. In this white paper, we describe, and the plastic consumables needed to run the assay. #12;Affymetrix® White Paper: GeneChip® 3' IVT Express Kit May

Wandless, Tom

147

Modification of Precipitation from Warm Clouds—A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This review is begun with a brief summary of the current status of our understanding of the physics of precipitation in warm clouds. The impact of warm-cloud precipitation processes on the evolution of the ice phase in supercooled clouds also is ...

William R. Cotton

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Applied engineering on biosystems: the reduction in global warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This work concerns the problem of decision making in the context of investment allocation in clean technology and in reforestation, aimed at reducing the global warming. In order to model the government actions, fuzzy rules are employed to represent ... Keywords: biosystems modeling, fuzzy control, global warming, optimization, simulation

J. A. M. Felippe de Souza; Marco A. L. Caetano; Douglas F. M. Gherardi; Takashi Yoneyama

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

The Abyss of the Nordic Seas Is Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past decade, the multiyear oceanographic time series from ocean weather station Mike at 66°N, 2°E indicate a warming by about 0.01°C yr?1 in the deep water of the Norwegian Sea. The time of onset of this warming is depth dependent, ...

Svein Řsterhus; Tor Gammelsrřd

1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

A Nonlinear Response of Sahel Rainfall to Atlantic Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response over West Africa to uniform warming of the Atlantic Ocean is analyzed using idealized simulations with a regional climate model. With warming of 1 and 1.5 K, rainfall rates increase by 30%–50% over most of West Africa. With Atlantic ...

Naresh Neupane; Kerry H. Cook

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

A nonlinear response of Sahel rainfall to Atlantic warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response over West Africa to uniform warming of the Atlantic Ocean is analyzed using idealized simulations with a regional climate model. With warming of 1 K and 1.5 K, rainfall rates increase by 30-50% over most of West Africa. With Atlantic ...

Naresh Neupane; Kerry H. Cook

152

WOOD FLOORING 1. INTRODUCTION TO WARM AND WOOD FLOORING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter describes the methodology used in EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to estimate streamlined life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors for wood flooring beginning at the waste generation reference point. 1 The WARM GHG emission factors are used to compare the net emissions associated with wood flooring in the following three waste management alternatives: source reduction, combustion, and landfilling.

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

WOOD PRODUCTS 1. INTRODUCTION TO WARM AND WOOD PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter describes the methodology used in EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to estimate streamlined life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors for wood products beginning at the point of waste generation. The WARM GHG emission factors are used to compare the net emissions associated with wood products in the following four materials management alternatives: source

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

FIBERGLASS INSULATION 1. INTRODUCTION TO WARM AND FIBERGLASS INSULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter describes the methodology used in EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to estimate streamlined life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors for fiberglass insulation beginning at the waste generation reference point. 1 The WARM GHG emission factors are used to compare the net emissions associated with fiberglass insulation in the following two waste management alternatives: source reduction and landfilling.

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Exploring indoor white spaces in metropolises  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It is a promising vision to utilize white spaces, i.e., vacant VHF and UHF TV channels, to satisfy skyrocketing wireless data demand in both outdoor and indoor scenarios. While most prior works have focused on exploring outdoor white spaces, the indoor ... Keywords: TV white spaces, clustering algorithms, sensor placement

Xuhang Ying, Jincheng Zhang, Lichao Yan, Guanglin Zhang, Minghua Chen, Ranveer Chandra

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

White Paper on Magnetic Fusion Program Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Paper on Magnetic Fusion Program Strategies Prepared for The President's Committee May 16,1995 #12;Page 2 White Paper on Magnetic Fusion Program Strategies 1. Introduction Dramatic present our vision for the future of fusion energy research. In this white paper, following a summary

157

White Paper CORBA-EJB Interoperability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Paper CORBA-EJB Interoperability IONA Technologies PLC July 2001 #12;iPortal Application contained in this white paper. This publication and features described herein are subject to change without mentioned in this white paper are covered by the trademarks, service marks, or product names as designated

Reverbel, Francisco

158

WHITE PAPER The Clinton Administration's Policy on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHITE PAPER The Clinton Administration's Policy on Critical Infrastructure Protection: Presidential Decision Directive 63 May 22, 1998 #12;WHITE PAPER The Clinton Administration's Policy on Critical Infrastructure Protection: Presidential Decision Directive 63 May 22, 1998 This White Paper explains key elements

159

ViDe White Paper Evaluating Microsoft  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ViDe White Paper Evaluating Microsoft® Exchange 2000 Conferencing Server for use in Higher UNRELATED TO CURRENT TRENDS IN VIDEOCONFERENCING OR IN MICROSOFT PRODUCTS. September 2003 #12;White Paper, Australian National University Support for this White Paper activity was provided by Southeastern

Tennessee, University of

160

Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Andrew A. Lacis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Geoengineering: Plan B Remedy for Global Warming Andrew A. Lacis NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Accelerated melting of Greenland ice is a clear indication that consequences of global warming are real and impending. The underlying causes of global warming are well enough understood, but the necessary reduction of greenhouse gases to prevent irreversible climate change is unlikely to happen before the point of no return is reached. To reverse the impending sea level rise, geoengineering counter- measures may be required to counter the current global energy imbalance due to global warming. Of the many proposed remedies, deploying aerosols within the stratosphere offers realistic prospects. Sulfur injections in the lower stratosphere would have the cooling effect of naturally occurring volcanic aerosols. Soot at

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

White Tail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tail Tail Jump to: navigation, search Name White Tail Facility White Tail Sector Wind energy Facility Type Commercial Scale Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Exelon Wind Developer MAP Royalty Energy Purchaser Austin Energy Location Oilton TX Coordinates 27.490513°, -98.985926° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":27.490513,"lon":-98.985926,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

162

The Interaction of Radiative and Dynamical Processes during a Simulated Sudden Stratospheric Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of a spontaneous sudden stratospheric warming that occurred during a 2-year integration of the Langley Research Center Atmospheric Simulation Model is presented. The simulated warming resembles observed “wave 1&rdquo warmings in the ...

R. B. Pierce; W. T. Blackshear; W. L. Grose; R. E. Turner; T. D. Fairlie

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

The Predictability of Stratospheric Warming Events: More from the Troposphere or the Stratosphere?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The roles of the stratosphere and the troposphere in determining the predictability of stratospheric final warming and sudden warming events are evaluated in an idealized atmospheric model. For each stratospheric warming event simulated in the ...

Lantao Sun; Walter A. Robinson; Gang Chen

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

NETL: Gasification Systems - Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Cleanup  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Cleanup Technologies for Coal-Derived Syngas Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Cleanup Technologies for Coal-Derived Syngas Project Number: DE-FC26-05NT42459 Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Cleanup Technologies for Coal-Derived Syngas Project ID: DE-FC26-05NT42459 Objective: The objective is to develop a warm multi-contaminant syngas cleaning system for operation between 300 and 700° F. This project will continue development of the RTI warm syngas cleanup technology suite. Based on the field testing results with real syngas from Eastman Chemical Company's gasifier under DOE Contract DE-AC26-99FT40675, additional technical issues need to be addressed to move the technologies used in warm syngas cleaning further towards commercial deployment especially for chemical/fuels production. These issues range from evaluation of startup and standby options for the more developed desulfurization processes to integration and actual pilot plant testing with real coal-derived syngas for the technologies that were tested at bench scale during Phase I. Development shall continue of the warm gas syngas cleaning technology platform through a combination of lab-scale R&D and larger integrated pilot plant testing with real coal-derived syngas as well as process/systems analysis and simulation for optimization of integration and intensification.

165

Supporting the Next Generation of White Lighting Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

per watt, it will be possible to achieve a low- cost LED competitive with incandescent light bulbs. We think it will take a ten-year sustained R&D investment to reach 160 lumens...

166

Warm Weather and the Daily Commute | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Warm Weather and the Daily Commute Warm Weather and the Daily Commute Warm Weather and the Daily Commute May 7, 2013 - 12:02pm Addthis Biking to work helps you get some exercise while reducing your carbon footprint. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/olaser Biking to work helps you get some exercise while reducing your carbon footprint. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/olaser Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory How can I participate? Check out options for busing or carpooling in your area or, if you live close, try walking or biking to work. You know the weather is starting to warm up when you start hearing about those "bike, bus, or walk to work" challenges. And while my local news just started drumming up publicity for theirs, I've seen these events pop up in

167

Brooks Warm Springs Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warm Springs Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Warm Springs Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Brooks Warm Springs Aquaculture Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Brooks Warm Springs Sector Geothermal energy Type Aquaculture Location Fergus County, Montana Coordinates 47.2126745°, -109.4141° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

168

The Sensitivity of Mountain Snowpack Accumulation to Climate Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Controls on the sensitivity of mountain snowpack accumulation to climate warming (?S) are investigated. This is accomplished using two idealized, physically based models of mountain snowfall to simulate snowpack accumulation for the Cascade ...

Justin R. Minder

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Successive Modulation of ENSO to the Future Greenhouse Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The multidecadal modulation of the El Nińo–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) due to greenhouse warming has been analyzed herein by means of diagnostics of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) coupled general ...

Soon-Il An; Jong-Seong Kug; Yoo-Geun Ham; In-Sik Kang

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Mechanisms of Remote Tropical Surface Warming during El Nińo  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors demonstrate through atmospheric general circulation model (the Community Climate Model version 3.10) simulations of the 1997/98 El Nińo that the observed “remote” (i.e., outside the Pacific) tropical land and ocean surface warming ...

John C. H. Chiang; Benjamin R. Lintner

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? January 23, 2013 - 4:33pm Addthis An efficient heater can save money and energy while keeping you warmer. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 20288. An efficient heater can save money and energy while keeping you warmer. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 20288. Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory How can I participate? Get an energy audit and learn about your heating options to warm your home while saving money. Last week, I turned on the weather forecast to find that the entire central United States was hovering somewhere between 5 and 20 degrees. Talk about frigid! I've lived all over the country, and I know how incredibly miserable it is to do anything when the high barely ekes above 0 degrees

172

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: AkWarm  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

AkWarm AkWarm AkWarm logo. Innovative, user-friendly, Windows-based software for home energy modeling. AkWarm is designed for weatherization assessment and the EPA Energy Star Home energy rating program. Features include: Graphical display of energy use by building component, improvement options analysis, design heat load, calculates CO2 emissions, and shows code compliance. Utility, weather data, and other libraries are maintained in a database library for easy updating. A separate database is available to archive all input and output data for detailed analysis of housing types, trends, amd energy use. Keywords home energy rating systems, home energy, residential modeling, weatherization Validation/Testing N/A Expertise Required Basic understanding of building construction, with a minimal level of

173

Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? Are You Keeping Warm This Winter? January 23, 2013 - 4:33pm Addthis An efficient heater can save money and energy while keeping you warmer. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 20288. An efficient heater can save money and energy while keeping you warmer. | Photo by Dennis Schroeder, NREL 20288. Elizabeth Spencer Communicator, National Renewable Energy Laboratory How can I participate? Get an energy audit and learn about your heating options to warm your home while saving money. Last week, I turned on the weather forecast to find that the entire central United States was hovering somewhere between 5 and 20 degrees. Talk about frigid! I've lived all over the country, and I know how incredibly miserable it is to do anything when the high barely ekes above 0 degrees

174

Warm coats, big thanks | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Community / Warm coats, big thanks Community / Warm coats, big thanks Warm coats, big thanks Posted: January 9, 2014 - 2:23pm Over the last 12 years, Y-12ers have donated almost 7000 coats, sweaters and other winter wear to the Volunteer Ministry Center. As East Tennessee faces the coldest temperatures seen in a long while, Y-12ers have shown their volunteer spirit for the twelfth straight year by helping countless people stay warm thanks to another successful United Way Coat Drive to benefit the Volunteer Ministry Center. In total, the site donated 589 coats and winter wear items, 64 pairs of gloves, 47 scarves, and 66 hats and toboggans, which VMC makes available to the public through its Knoxville office. In addition, this year's efforts were expanded to include collection of toiletries for VMC. Y-12 collected more than 20 copy paper boxes full of

175

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted They suggest that fire emissions could contribute a lot more to the observed climate warming than current estimates show. July 9, 2013 Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "The fact that we are experiencing more fires and that climate change may increase fire frequency underscores the need to include these specialized particles in the computer models, and our results show how this can be done," Dubey said. Particle analysis shows "tar ball" effect is significant LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 9, 2013-Wildfires produce a witch's brew of

176

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming Wildfires may contribute more to global warming than previously predicted They suggest that fire emissions could contribute a lot more to the observed climate warming than current estimates show. July 9, 2013 Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Haze of smoke emanating from the 2011 Las Conchas, NM fire. Contact Nancy Ambrosiano Communications Office (505) 667-0471 Email "The fact that we are experiencing more fires and that climate change may increase fire frequency underscores the need to include these specialized particles in the computer models, and our results show how this can be done," Dubey said. Particle analysis shows "tar ball" effect is significant LOS ALAMOS, N.M., July 9, 2013-Wildfires produce a witch's brew of

177

NOAA Predicts Mixed Bag of Drought, Flooding and Warm Weather...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NOAA Predicts Mixed Bag of Drought, Flooding and Warm Weather for Spring Print E-mail NOAA 2013 Spring Outlook Map Thursday, March 21, 2013 Featured by NOAA, a member of the U.S....

178

Warm Conveyor Belts in Idealized Moist Baroclinic Wave Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This idealized modeling study of moist baroclinic waves addresses the formation of moist ascending airstreams, so-called warm conveyor belts (WCBs), their characteristics, and their significance for the downstream flow evolution. Baroclinic wave ...

Sebastian Schemm; Heini Wernli; Lukas Papritz

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A global warming forum: Scientific, economic, and legal overview  

SciTech Connect

A Global Warming Forum covers in detail five general subject areas aimed at providing first, the scientific background and technical information available on global warming and second, a study and evaluation of the role of economic, legal, and political considerations in global warming. The five general topic areas discussed are the following: (1) The role of geophysical and geoengineering methods to solve problems related to global climatic change; (2) the role of oceanographic and geochemical methods to provide evidence for global climatic change; (3) the global assessment of greenhouse gas production including the need for additional information; (4) natural resource management needed to provide long-term global energy and agricultural uses; (5) legal, policy, and educational considerations required to properly evaluate global warming proposals.

Geyer, R.A. (ed.)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Influence of Stratospheric Sudden Warming on AIRS Midtropospheric CO2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Midtropospheric CO2 retrievals from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) were used to explore the influence of stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) on CO2 in the middle to upper troposphere. To choose the SSW events that had strong coupling ...

Xun Jiang; Jingqian Wang; Edward T. Olsen; Thomas Pagano; Luke L. Chen; Yuk L. Yung

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Modeling the Impact of Warming in Climate Change Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Any economic analysis of climate change policy requires some model that describes the impact of warming on future GDP and consumption. Most integrated assessment models (IAMs) relate temperature to the level of real GDP ...

Pindyck, Robert S.

182

Rapid Development of the Tropical Cyclone Warm Core  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a simple theoretical argument to isolate the conditions under which a tropical cyclone can rapidly develop a warm-core thermal structure and subsequently approach a steady state. The theoretical argument is based on the ...

Jonathan L. Vigh; Wayne H. Schubert

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

On the Height of the Warm Core in Tropical Cyclones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The warm-core structure of tropical cyclones is examined in idealized simulations using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model. The maximum perturbation temperature in a control simulation occurs in the midtroposphere (5–6 km), in ...

Daniel P. Stern; David S. Nolan

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Greenhouse Warming: Is the Mid-Holocene a Good Analogue?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mid-Holocene period (from approximately 9000 to 6000 years before present) is often suggested as an analogue for enhanced greenhouse warming. The changes in net radiative forcing at the top of the atmosphere are very different; increases in ...

John F. B. Mitchell

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Sudden Stratospheric Warming and Anomalous U.S. Weather  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Severe distortion of tropospheric circulation is associated with major sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events. This distortion consisting primarily of weakening of smaller-scale synoptic mats and development of strong blocking activity, is ...

James P. McGuirk; Donald A. Douglas

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Warm Rain Study in Hawaii—Rain Initiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

More than 300 hours of aircraft flights were conducted in Hawaii from 1977 to 1979 to study precipitation mechanisms in warm rain. Airborne instruments were used to measure drop size distributions over the size range from cloud droplets to ...

Tsutomu Takahashi

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Supervised Learning Approaches to Classify Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sudden stratospheric warmings are prominent examples of dynamical wave–mean flow interactions in the Arctic stratosphere during Northern Hemisphere winter. They are characterized by a strong temperature increase on time scales of a few days and a ...

Christian Blume; Katja Matthes; Illia Horenko

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Small-Scale Variability in Warm Continental Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have analyzed small-scale fluctuations in microphysical, dynamical and thermodynamical parameters measured in two warm cumulus clouds during the Cooperative Convective Precipitation Experiment (CCOPE) project (1981) in light of predictions of ...

P. H. Austin; M. B. Baker; A. M. Blyth; J. B. Jensen

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

A 15-Year Climatology of Warm Conveyor Belts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study presents the first climatology of so-called warm conveyor belts (WCBs), strongly ascending moist airstreams in extratropical cyclones that, on the time scale of 2 days, rise from the boundary layer to the upper troposphere. The ...

Sabine Eckhardt; Andreas Stohl; Heini Wernli; Paul James; Caroline Forster; Nicole Spichtinger

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Global Warming Shifts the Monsoon Circulation, Drying South Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Monsoon rainfall over South Asia has decreased during the last 5 to 6 decades according to several sets of observations. Although sea surface temperature (SST) has risen across the Indo-Pacific warm pool during this period, the expected ...

H. Annamalai; Jan Hafner; K. P. Sooraj; P. Pillai

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Regulation of Moist Convection over the West Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mechanisms that regulate moist convection over the warm tropical oceans are not well understood. One school of thought holds that convection is caused by the convergence of moisture, which in turn is produced by an independent dynamical ...

David J. Raymond

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Definition: Warm or Steaming Ground | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

heat is conducted to the earth's surface, warming the ground and sometimes causing steam to form when water is present. Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see...

193

Warming and Freshening in the Abyssal Southeastern Indian Ocean  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warming and freshening of abyssal waters in the eastern Indian Ocean between 1994/95 and 2007 are quantified using data from two closely sampled high-quality occupations of a hydrographic section extending from Antarctica northward to the ...

Gregory C. Johnson; Sarah G. Purkey; John L. Bullister

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Monitoring Global Climate Change: The Case of Greenhouse Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent record high temperatures and drought conditions in many regions of the United States have prompted heightened concern about whether these are early manifestations of the global green house warming projected by the major climate models. An ...

Fred B. Wood

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Mechanisms Affecting the Overturning Response in Global Warming Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate models used to produce global warming scenarios exhibit widely diverging responses of the thermohaline circulation (THC). To investigate the mechanisms responsible for this variability, a regional Atlantic Ocean model driven with forcing ...

U. Schweckendiek; J. Willebrand

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Cloud Clusters and Superclusters over the Oceanic Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Infrared satellite images of the oceanic warm-pool region (8O°E-160°W) have been objectively processed to reveal tropical “cloud clusters” with temperature colder than a given threshold. Cloud clusters span a somewhat lognormal distribution of ...

Brain E. Mapes; Robert A. Houze Jr.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Long-Term Evolution of Elongated Warm Eddies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to investigate the evolution of elongated warm eddies. A shallow-water, reduced-gravity, primitive equation model is used to perform a multicase numerical experiment, which includes vortices of very different ...

Edgar G. Pavía; Manuel López

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Warm-Air Intrusions in Arizona’s Meteor Crater  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Episodic nighttime intrusions of warm air, accompanied by strong winds, enter the enclosed near-circular Meteor Crater basin on clear, synoptically undisturbed nights. Data analysis is used to document these events and to determine their spatial ...

Bianca Adler; C. David Whiteman; Sebastian W. Hoch; Manuela Lehner; Norbert Kalthoff

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Does Global Warming Cause Intensified Interannual Hydroclimate Variability?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The idea that global warming leads to more droughts and floods has become commonplace without clear indication of what is meant by this statement. Here, the authors examine one aspect of this problem and assess whether interannual variability of ...

Richard Seager; Naomi Naik; Laura Vogel

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

The Dynamics of Northern Hemisphere Stratospheric Final Warming Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A lag composite analysis is performed of the zonal-mean structure and dynamics of Northern Hemisphere stratospheric final warming (SFW) events. SFW events are linked to distinct zonal wind deceleration signatures in the stratosphere and ...

Robert X. Black; Brent A. McDaniel

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Mesoscale Predictability of an Extreme Warm-Season Precipitation Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mesoscale model is used to investigate the mesoscale predictability of an extreme precipitation event over central Texas on 29 June 2002 that lasted through 7 July 2002. Both the intrinsic and practical aspects of warm-season predictability, ...

Fuqing Zhang; Andrew M. Odins; John W. Nielsen-Gammon

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Interpretation of Simulated Global Warming Using a Simple Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple energy balance model with two parameters, an effective heat capacity and an effective climate sensitivity, is used to interpret six GCM simulations of greenhouse gas–induced global warming. By allowing the parameters to vary in time, the ...

I. G. Watterson

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Inferences of Predictability Associated with Warm Season Precipitation Episodes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Herein preliminary findings are reported from a radar-based climatology of warm season precipitation “episodes.” Episodes are defined as time–space clusters of heavy precipitation that often result from sequences of organized convection such as ...

R. E. Carbone; J. D. Tuttle; D. A. Ahijevych; S. B. Trier

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Diurnal Variations of Warm-Season Precipitation over Northern China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the diurnal variations of the warm-season precipitation over northern China using the high-resolution precipitation products obtained from the Climate Prediction Center’s morphing technique (CMORPH) during May–August of 2003–...

Huizhong He; Fuqing Zhang

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Physics of Greenhouse Effect and Convection in Warm Oceans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sea surface temperature (SST) in roughly 50% of the tropical Pacific Ocean is warm enough (SST > 300 K) to permit deep convection. This paper examines the effects of deep convection on the climatological mean vertical distributions of water vapor ...

A. K. Inamdar; V. Ramanathan

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Probing warm dense lithium by inelastic X-ray scattering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-26000, NWFP, Pakistan 9 Institut f¨ur Kernphysik, Technische Universit¨at Darmstadt, Schlo�gartenstr. 9-temperature superconductors and nuclear matter1 . Warm dense matter, defined by temperatures of a few electron volts

Loss, Daniel

207

OpenEI Community - White House  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

/0 en New report from White /0 en New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid http://en.openei.org/community/blog/new-report-white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid" target="_blank">read more http://en.openei.org/community/blog/new-report-white-house-outlines-largest-problems-facing-united-states-energy-grid#comments energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Fri, 16

208

Greening Project Status Report: The White House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White House Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program April 2001 Contents Page 1. Introduction......

209

White House Office of Manufacturing Policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and private, federal, state, and regional.” The White House Office of ... has directed the Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) housed within the ...

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

210

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Turbine Acoustic Noise A white paper Prepared by the Renewable Energy Research Laboratory...................................................................... 8 Sound from Wind Turbines .............................................................................................. 10 Sources of Wind Turbine Sound

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

211

Sustainability White Paper | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sustainability White Paper Sustainability is an initiative pursued by DOE to ensure the health of the nation, implement DOE's mission in support of that objective, and enable...

212

Light Sterile Neutrinos: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper addresses the hypothesis of light sterile neutrinos based on recent anomalies observed in neutrino experiments and the latest astrophysical data.

K. N. Abazajian; M. A. Acero; S. K. Agarwalla; A. A. Aguilar-Arevalo; C. H. Albright; S. Antusch; C. A. Arguelles; A. B. Balantekin; G. Barenboim; V. Barger; P. Bernardini; F. Bezrukov; O. E. Bjaelde; S. A. Bogacz; N. S. Bowden; A. Boyarsky; A. Bravar; D. Bravo Berguno; S. J. Brice; A. D. Bross; B. Caccianiga; F. Cavanna; E. J. Chun; B. T. Cleveland; A. P. Collin; P. Coloma; J. M. Conrad; M. Cribier; A. S. Cucoanes; J. C. D'Olivo; S. Das; A. de Gouvea; A. V. Derbin; R. Dharmapalan; J. S. Diaz; X. J. Ding; Z. Djurcic; A. Donini; D. Duchesneau; H. Ejiri; S. R. Elliott; D. J. Ernst; A. Esmaili; J. J. Evans; E. Fernandez-Martinez; E. Figueroa-Feliciano; B. T. Fleming; J. A. Formaggio; D. Franco; J. Gaffiot; R. Gandhi; Y. Gao; G. T. Garvey; V. N. Gavrin; P. Ghoshal; D. Gibin; C. Giunti; S. N. Gninenko; V. V. Gorbachev; D. S. Gorbunov; R. Guenette; A. Guglielmi; F. Halzen; J. Hamann; S. Hannestad; W. Haxton; K. M. Heeger; R. Henning; P. Hernandez; P. Huber; W. Huelsnitz; A. Ianni; T. V. Ibragimova; Y. Karadzhov; G. Karagiorgi; G. Keefer; Y. D. Kim; J. Kopp; V. N. Kornoukhov; A. Kusenko; P. Kyberd; P. Langacker; Th. Lasserre; M. Laveder; A. Letourneau; D. Lhuillier; Y. F. Li; M. Lindner; J. M. Link; B. L. Littlejohn; P. Lombardi; K. Long; J. Lopez-Pavon; W. C. Louis; L. Ludhova; J. D. Lykken; P. A. N. Machado; M. Maltoni; W. A. Mann; D. Marfatia; C. Mariani; V. A. Matveev; N. E. Mavromatos; A. Melchiorri; D. Meloni; O. Mena; G. Mention; A. Merle; E. Meroni; M. Mezzetto; G. B. Mills; D. Minic; L. Miramonti; D. Mohapatra; R. N. Mohapatra; C. Montanari; Y. Mori; Th. A. Mueller; H. P. Mumm; V. Muratova; A. E. Nelson; J. S. Nico; E. Noah; J. Nowak; O. Yu. Smirnov; M. Obolensky; S. Pakvasa; O. Palamara; M. Pallavicini; S. Pascoli; L. Patrizii; Z. Pavlovic; O. L. G. Peres; H. Pessard; F. Pietropaolo; M. L. Pitt; M. Popovic; J. Pradler; G. Ranucci; H. Ray; S. Razzaque; B. Rebel; R. G. H. Robertson; W. Rodejohann; S. D. Rountree; C. Rubbia; O. Ruchayskiy; P. R. Sala; K. Scholberg; T. Schwetz; M. H. Shaevitz; M. Shaposhnikov; R. Shrock; S. Simone; M. Skorokhvatov; M. Sorel; A. Sousa; D. N. Spergel; J. Spitz; L. Stanco; I. Stancu; A. Suzuki; T. Takeuchi; I. Tamborra; J. Tang; G. Testera; X. C. Tian; A. Tonazzo; C. D. Tunnell; R. G. Van de Water; L. Verde; E. P. Veretenkin; C. Vignoli; M. Vivier; R. B. Vogelaar; M. O. Wascko; J. F. Wilkerson; W. Winter; Y. Y. Y. Wong; T. T. Yanagida; O. Yasuda; M. Yeh; F. Yermia; Z. W. Yokley; G. P. Zeller; L. Zhan; H. Zhang

2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

213

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery Solutions Publication 328 ISBN 978-90-6363-060-7 #12;CIB White Paper on IDDS Page 1 of 15 CIB White Paper on IDDS Integrated Design & Delivery White Paper on IDDS Page 2 of 15 Table of Contents Introduction and Use of this White Paper

Amor, Robert

214

Research Report Black 1 White 5 Black  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Research Report Black 1 White 5 Black Hypodescent in Reflexive Categorization of Racially Ambiguous--Historically, the principle of hypodescent specified that individuals with one Black and one White parent should be considered Black. Two experiments ex- amined whether categorizations of racially ambiguous targets reflect

Reber, Paul J.

215

TV white-space for smart grid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Inability to obtain frequency spectrum for meeting the surge in demand for wireless solutions has been a worldwide problem. The recent advancement in TV White Space (TVWS), which uses frequency spectrum opportunistically when the incumbent users are ... Keywords: TV white-space, advanced metering infrastructure, cognitive radio, smart grid

Ser Wah Oh; Francois Chin; See Gim Kerk

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

FARADAY PAPER 8 Robert S. White  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FARADAY PAPER 8 . Robert S. White ""Hutton 1788 "" 13 "" 2 ---- Hutton', Nature (2004) 429, 623-628 () .Robert White the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion St Edmund to AD2002, Geological Society of London (2001), Special Publication No. 190, 288pp #12;3 Shakespeare

Cambridge, University of

217

FARADAY PAPER 8 Robert S. White  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FARADAY PAPER 8 . Robert S. White Hutton 1788 13 2 ---- Hutton', Nature (2004) 429, 623-628 () .Robert White the Faraday Institute for Science and Religion St Edmund to AD2002, Geological Society of London (2001), Special Publication No. 190, 288pp #12;3 Shakespeare

Cambridge, University of

218

ENERGY WHITE PAPER Our energy future -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY WHITE PAPER Our energy future - creating a low carbon economy and consumers. And we stand up for fair and open markets in the UK, Europe and the world. #12;Our energy future ENERGY WHITE PAPER Our energy future - creating a low carbon economy 1 Foreword

219

Global crop yield losses from recent warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global yields of the world-s six most widely grown crops--wheat, rice, maize, soybeans, barley, sorghum--have increased since 1961. Year-to-year variations in growing season minimum temperature, maximum temperature, and precipitation explain 30% or more of the variations in yield. Since 1991, climate trends have significantly decreased yield trends in all crops but rice, leading to foregone production since 1981 of about 12 million tons per year of wheat or maize, representing an annual economic loss of $1.2 to $1.7 billion. At the global scale, negative impacts of climate trends on crop yields are already apparent. Annual global temperatures have increased by {approx}0.4 C since 1980, with even larger changes observed in several regions (1). While many studies have considered the impacts of future climate changes on food production (2-5), the effects of these past changes on agriculture remain unclear. It is likely that warming has improved yields in some areas, reduced them in others, and had negligible impacts in still others; the relative balance of these effects at the global scale is unknown. An understanding of this balance would help to anticipate impacts of future climate changes, as well as to more accurately assess recent (and thereby project future) technologically driven yield progress. Separating the contribution of climate from concurrent changes in other factors--such as crop cultivars, management practices, soil quality, and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) levels--requires models that describe the response of yields to climate. Studies of future global impacts of climate change have typically relied on a bottom-up approach, whereby field scale, process-based models are applied to hundreds of representative sites and then averaged (e.g., ref 2). Such approaches require input data on soil and management conditions, which are often difficult to obtain. Limitations on data quality or quantity can thus limit the utility of this approach, especially at the local scale (6-8). At the global scale, however, many of the processes and impacts captured by field scale models will tend to cancel out, and therefore simpler empirical/statistical models with fewer input requirements may be as accurate (8, 9). Empirical/statistical models also allow the effects of poorly modeled processes (e.g., pest dynamics) to be captured and uncertainties to be readily quantified (10). Here we develop new, empirical/statistical models of global yield responses to climate using datasets on broad-scale yields, crop locations, and climate variability. We focus on global average yields for the six most widely grown crops in the world: wheat, rice, maize, soybeans, barley, and sorghum. Production of these crops accounts for over 40% of global cropland area (11). 55% of non-meat calories, and over 70% of animal feed (12).

Lobell, D; Field, C

2006-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

220

White House | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White House White House Home Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 16 August, 2013 - 12:21 New report from White House outlines largest problems facing United States energy grid energy grid OpenEI President Smart Grid United States White House Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 30 August, 2012 - 15:16 Historic Fuel Standards auto fuel efficiency obama standards vehicle White House On Tuesday, Ray Lahood, Secretary of the U.S. Department of Transportation, and Lisa P. Jackson, Environmental Protection Agency Administrator, unveiled the joint effort, along with the Obama Administration, to create record fuel standards for vehicles built between 2017 and 2025. Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

More data needed to support or disprove global warming theory  

SciTech Connect

Reports of global warming are prevalent in the popular press. With the exception of Scandinavia, no major energy tax laws have been passed to date. But environmental pressures may change this, and the change could have a profound effect on refiners. These are the views of Gerald T. Westbrook, of TSBV Consultants, Houston. Westbrook summarized recent global-warming research, and his position on the subject, at the National Petroleum Refiners Association annual meeting, held March 16--18, in San Antonio. The greenhouse effect is real, says Westbrook. It is important, however, to distinguish between the two major mechanisms of the greenhouse effect: natural warming and anthropogenic warming (changes in the concentration of greenhouse gases caused by man). Without greenhouse gases the earth`s equilibrium temperature would be {minus}18 C. The effect of the gases is to raise the equilibrium temperature to 15 C. In the early 1980s, computer models estimated global warming over the past 100 years to be as much as 2.3 C. By 1986, those estimates had been reduced to 1.0 C, and in 1988, a range of 0.63 {+-} 0.2 C was reported. In 1995, a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change (IPCC) cited a range of 0.3--0.6 C. Westbrook asserts that the earth`s motion anomalies--orbit eccentricity, axial tilt, and wobbles--lead to dramatic changes in insolation, and are the dominant force over the last 160,000 years.

1997-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

222

Introduction: White-Collar and Corporate Crime in Asia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Handbook of White-Collar and Corporate Crime. NY:Springer.structure and white collar crime: recruit cosmos and beyond,and White Collars: Economic Crime in the United States and

Pontell, Henry N.; Geis, Gilbert

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Potential Health Effects of Menthol: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicotine Dependence: A White Paper. 2010. (21) R&D BG, GUYEffects of Menthol: A White Paper Written by Maria Victoriacollected in the present white paper suggest that menthol

Salgado, Maria Victoria MD

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Menthol Cigarettes and the Initiation of Smoking: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Initiation of Smoking: A White Paper (15) Low Level Menthol.Initiation of Smoking: A White Paper (30) Bolton C. Subject:Initiation of Smoking: A White Paper (45) Gemma L. 1983 (

Klausner, Kim MA

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Marketing of Menthol Cigarettes and Consumer Perceptions: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not reached for this white paper; however, the documentaryConsumer Perceptions: A White Paper Stacey J. Anderson, PhDand Consumer Perceptions: A White Paper The Family Smoking

Anderson, Stacey J

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Menthol Cigarettes and Smoking Cessation Behavior: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cessation Behavior: A White Paper Stacey J. Anderson, PhDSmoking Cessation Behavior: A White Paper The Family Smokingthat are cited in this white paper. The Appendix details the

Anderson, Stacey J PhD University of California - San Francisco

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehab. Space Heating Low Temperature  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Space Heating Low Temperature Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehab. Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehab. Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Warm Springs, Georgia Coordinates 32.8904081°, -84.6810381° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

228

Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rising Sea Levels Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Rising Sea Levels Due to Global Warming Are Unstoppable Mitigation can slow down but not prevent sea level rise for centuries to come August 5, 2013 Contact: Linda Vu, Lvu@lbl.gov, +1 510 495 2402 washington.jpg Because seawater absorbs heat more slowly than the atmosphere above it, our oceans won't feel the full impact of the greenhouse gases already in the air for hundreds of years. Warm water expands, raising sea levels. (Courtesy W. Washington) Select to enlarge. A reduction in greenhouse gas emissions could greatly lessen the impacts of climate change. However, the gases already added to the atmosphere ensure a certain amount of sea level rise to come, even if future emissions are reduced. A study by National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

229

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Tropical Warm Pool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment May, Peter Bureau or Meteorology Research Centre Mather, James Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Jakob, Christian BMRC One of the most complete data sets describing tropical convection ever collected will result from the upcoming Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment (TWPICE) in the area around Darwin in late 2005 and early 2006. The aims of the experiment will be to examine convective cloud systems from their initial stages through to the decay of the cirrus generated and to measure their impact on the environment. The experiment design includes an unprecedented network of ground-based observations (soundings, active and passive remote sensors) combined with a large range of low, mid and high altitude aircraft for in-situ and remote sensing

230

Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Chemical And Isotopic Investigation Of Warm Springs Associated With Normal Faults In Utah Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Thermal springs associated with normal faults in Utah have been analyzed for major cations and anions, and oxygen and hydrogen isotopes. Springs with measured temperatures averaging greater than 40°C are characterized by Na + K- and SO4 + Cl-rich waters containing 103 to 104 mg/l of dissolved solids. Lower temperature springs, averaging less than 40°C, are more enriched in Ca + Mg relative to Na + K. Chemical variations monitored through time in selected thermal springs are probably produced by

231

Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs State Hospital Space Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warm Springs State Hospital Sector Geothermal energy Type Space Heating Location Warm Springs, Montana Coordinates 46.1813145°, -112.78476° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

232

Legendary West Virginia Senior Citizen Stays Warm With New Furnace |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Legendary West Virginia Senior Citizen Stays Warm With New Furnace Legendary West Virginia Senior Citizen Stays Warm With New Furnace Legendary West Virginia Senior Citizen Stays Warm With New Furnace April 1, 2010 - 7:16pm Addthis Joshua DeLung For the last 56 years, Beulah Sisk has lived in the same house in Princeton, W.Va. Beulah, who worked for 25 years at Lloyd's Pastry Shop, is well known in Princeton. People still see her on the streets today and recognize her as an icon in the community. After a wind storm damaged Beulah's home last year, it came as no surprise when a senior center employee, concerned for Beulah's safety, told her about the weatherization assistance program. "A tree fell on my house and damaged a lot of things, including my furnace," Beulah says. "I tried to have it repaired, but it still

233

NETL: Gasification Systems - Warm Gas Multi-Contaminant Removal System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Warm Gas Multi-Contaminant Removal System Warm Gas Multi-Contaminant Removal System Project Number: DE-SC00008243 TDA Research, Inc. is developing a high-capacity, low-cost sorbent that removes anhydrous ammonia (NH3), mercury (Hg), and trace contaminants from coal- and coal/biomass-derived syngas. The clean-up system will be used after the bulk warm gas sulfur removal step, and remove NH3 and Hg in a regenerable manner while irreversibly capturing all other trace metals (e.g., Arsenic, Selenium) reducing their concentrations to sub parts per million (ppm) levels. Current project plans include identifying optimum chemical composition and structure that provide the best sorbent performance for removing trace contaminants, determining the effect of operating parameters, conducting multiple-cycle experiments to test the life of the sorbent for NH3 and Hg removal, and conducting a preliminary design of the sorbent reactor.

234

Stay Warm in Your Apartment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay Warm in Your Apartment Stay Warm in Your Apartment Stay Warm in Your Apartment October 19, 2009 - 11:43am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Yes, the Ghost of Winters Future has officially knocked on our front doors again. The leaves here in Washington, D.C., have started to turn toward their colorful crescendo, that spectacular finish before their end on the chilly ground. It makes me cold just thinking about it. Like me, you're probably not opening your windows much at night anymore. I'm holding out still, surrendering a little more of my beloved fresh air each night and dreading that first night when I have to pop the heater on. Last night, I only open my window about an inch. I guess that means it's time to think about locking out the cold air once and for all this year.

235

Stay Warm in Your Apartment | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay Warm in Your Apartment Stay Warm in Your Apartment Stay Warm in Your Apartment October 19, 2009 - 11:43am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Yes, the Ghost of Winters Future has officially knocked on our front doors again. The leaves here in Washington, D.C., have started to turn toward their colorful crescendo, that spectacular finish before their end on the chilly ground. It makes me cold just thinking about it. Like me, you're probably not opening your windows much at night anymore. I'm holding out still, surrendering a little more of my beloved fresh air each night and dreading that first night when I have to pop the heater on. Last night, I only open my window about an inch. I guess that means it's time to think about locking out the cold air once and for all this year.

236

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tropical Warm Pool Tropical Warm Pool International Cloud Experiment General Description The Tropical Warm Pool - International Cloud Experiment (TWP-ICE) was a collaborative effort led by the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. Beginning January 21 and ending February 14, 2006, the experiment was conducted in the region near the ARM Climate Research Facility in Darwin, Northern Australia. This permanent facility is fully equipped with sophisticated instruments for measuring cloud and other atmospheric properties to provide a long-term record of continuous observational data. Measurements obtained from the other experiment components (explained below) will complement this dataset to provide a detailed description of the tropical atmosphere.

237

The 7. global warming international conference and expo: Abstracts  

SciTech Connect

This conference was held April 1--3, 1996 in Vienna, Austria. The purpose of this conference was to provide a multidisciplinary forum for exchange of state-of-the-art information on global warming. Topics of interest include the following: global and regional natural resource management; energy, transportation, minerals and natural resource management; industrial technology and greenhouse gas emission; strategies for the mitigation of greenhouse gas emission; greenhouse gas production/utilization and carbon budgets; strategies for promoting the understanding of global change; international policy strategy and economics; and global warming and public health. Individual papers have been processed separately for inclusion in the appropriate data bases.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

238

The Blue Box White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper is an explanation of Ben and Dave's TARDIS time machine, written for laypeople who are interested in time travel, but have no technical knowledge of Einstein's Theory of General Relativity. The first part of this paper is an introduction to the pertinent ideas from Einstein's theory of curved spacetime, followed by a review of other popular time machine spacetimes. We begin with an introduction to curvature and lightcones. We then explain the Alcubierre Warp Drive, the Morris-Thorne wormhole, and the Tipler cylinder. We then describe the Traversable Achronal Retrograde Domain in Spacetime (TARDIS), and explain some of its general properties. Our TARDIS is a bubble of spacetime curvature which travels along a closed loop in space and time. A person travelling within the bubble will feel a constant acceleration. A person outside of the TARDIS will see two bubbles: one which is evolving forwards in time, and one which is evolving backwards in time. We then discuss the physical limitations which may prevent us from ever constructing a TARDIS. Finally, we discuss the method through which a TARDIS can be used to travel between arbitrary points in space and time, and the possible dangers involved with exiting a TARDIS from the wrong side. Before we begin, would you like a Jelly Baby?

Benjamin K Tippett; David Tsang

2013-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

239

White House Science Fair Recap | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Speaks at Solar Impulse Press Conference Common Sense and The Next 30 Seconds White House Leadership Summit on Women, Climate and Energy Secretary Moniz at White House Women's...

240

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department Release New Report on Resiliency of Electric Grid During Natural Disasters White House Council of Economic Advisers...

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

White County REMC - Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Rebate Program...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home Savings White County REMC - Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Rebate Program White County REMC - Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Rebate...

242

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security Automation World Features New White Paper on Wireless Security The April 2009 issue of Automation World magazine...

243

EIS-0376: White Wind Farm Brookings County, South Dakota | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Other Agencies You are here Home EIS-0376: White Wind Farm Brookings County, South Dakota EIS-0376: White Wind Farm Brookings County, South Dakota Summary This EIS...

244

White Mountains Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White Mountains Geothermal Area White Mountains Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: White Mountains Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (2) 10 References Area Overview Geothermal Area Profile Location: New Hampshire Exploration Region: Other GEA Development Phase: 2008 USGS Resource Estimate Mean Reservoir Temp: Estimated Reservoir Volume: Mean Capacity: Click "Edit With Form" above to add content History and Infrastructure Operating Power Plants: 0 No geothermal plants listed. Add a new Operating Power Plant

245

Technical White Papers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical White Papers Technical White Papers Technical White Papers November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis The following technical white papers explore potential options to increase widespread deployment of distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP). Issues such as the treatment of CHP in renewable portfolio standards and CHP commissioning are discussed. Avoiding a Train Wreck: Replacing Old Coal Plants with Energy Efficiency, 15 pp, Aug. 2011 Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, 13 pp, Sept. 2007 A Case for CHP Commissioning, 57 pp, Apr. 2008 Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers using Gaseous Opportunity Fuels - Report Addendum, 7 pp, Sept. 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard, 11 pp, Apr. 2011

246

Our Hand in Greening the White House  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Our Hand in Greening the White House (See also the Greening of Our House) "For as long as I live in the White House, I want Americans to see it not only as a symbol of clean government, but also a clean environment. We're going to identify what it takes to make the White House a model for efficiency and waste reduction, and then we're going to get the job done. . . Before I can ask you to do the best you can in your house, I ought to make sure I'm doing the best I can in my house." -President Bill Clinton, Earth Day, 1994 In an effort to provide leadership by example, the Greening of the White House project is bringing new technology, enlightened operations and management practices, and revised procurement procedures to the First Residence. Modern information technologies (e.g., multimedia) will make

247

White House Safety Datapalooza | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources Blogs Let's Talk Safety You are here Data.gov Communities Safety White House Safety Datapalooza Todd Park Todd Park, U.S. Chief Technology Officer, speaks at the...

248

August 15, 2001: IBM ASCI White  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

August 15, 2001Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory dedicates the "world's fastest supercomputer," the IBM ASCI White supercomputer with 8,192 processors that perform 12.3 trillion operations per...

249

Technical White Papers | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White Papers White Papers Technical White Papers November 1, 2013 - 11:40am Addthis The following technical white papers explore potential options to increase widespread deployment of distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP). Issues such as the treatment of CHP in renewable portfolio standards and CHP commissioning are discussed. Avoiding a Train Wreck: Replacing Old Coal Plants with Energy Efficiency, 15 pp, Aug. 2011 Barriers to CHP with Renewable Portfolio Standards, 13 pp, Sept. 2007 A Case for CHP Commissioning, 57 pp, Apr. 2008 Characterization of the Installed Costs of Prime Movers using Gaseous Opportunity Fuels - Report Addendum, 7 pp, Sept. 2007 Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Essential for a Cost Effective Clean Energy Standard, 11 pp, Apr. 2011

250

2013 White House Tribal Nations Conference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

On Wednesday, November 13, President Obama will host the White House Tribal Nations Conference at the Department of the Interior. The conference will provide leaders from the 566 federally...

251

Detecting the Nonstationary Response of ENSO to Greenhouse Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the basis of the latest greenhouse warming experiment performed with the Max-Planck Institut coupled atmosphere/isopycnal ocean model (ECHAM4/OPYC) it is shown that not only the climate mean but also the statistics of higher-order statistical ...

A. Timmermann

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

8th Global warming international conference and exposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstracts are presented from The 8th Annual Global Warming international conference and expo. Topics centered around greenhouse gas emission and disposal methods, policy and economics, carbon budget, and resource management. Individual reports have been processed separately for the United States Department of Energy databases.

NONE

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

253

Arctic Ocean Warming Contributes to Reduced Polar Ice Cap  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis of modern and historical observations demonstrates that the temperature of the intermediate-depth (150–900 m) Atlantic water (AW) of the Arctic Ocean has increased in recent decades. The AW warming has been uneven in time; a local 1°C ...

Igor V. Polyakov; Leonid A. Timokhov; Vladimir A. Alexeev; Sheldon Bacon; Igor A. Dmitrenko; Louis Fortier; Ivan E. Frolov; Jean-Claude Gascard; Edmond Hansen; Vladimir V. Ivanov; Seymour Laxon; Cecilie Mauritzen; Don Perovich; Koji Shimada; Harper L. Simmons; Vladimir T. Sokolov; Michael Steele; John Toole

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Regional Simulations of Greenhouse Warming Including Natural Variability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The perception of the hypothesized greenhouse effect will differ dramatically depending upon the location on the earth at which the effect is analyzed. This is due mainly to two causes: 1) the warming signal depends upon the position on the earth,...

Kwang-Y. Kim; Gerald R. North

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

POLYLACTIDE (PLA) BIOPOLYMER 1. INTRODUCTION TO WARM AND PLA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter describes the methodology used in EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to estimate streamlined life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors for Natureworks ’ Ingeo polylactide (PLA) biopolymer resin, beginning at the waste generation reference point. Due to the large number of end applications for PLA (e.g., food containers, bottles and other consumer products) and the

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

From the warm magnetized atomic medium to molecular clouds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

{It has recently been proposed that giant molecular complexes form at the sites where streams of diffuse warm atomic gas collide at transonic velocities.} {We study the global statistics of molecular clouds formed by large scale colliding flows of warm neutral atomic interstellar gas under ideal MHD conditions. The flows deliver material as well as kinetic energy and trigger thermal instability leading eventually to gravitational collapse.} {We perform adaptive mesh refinement MHD simulations which, for the first time in this context, treat self-consistently cooling and self-gravity.} {The clouds formed in the simulations develop a highly inhomogeneous density and temperature structure, with cold dense filaments and clumps condensing from converging flows of warm atomic gas. In the clouds, the column density probability density distribution (PDF) peaks at $\\sim 2 \\times 10^{21} \\psc$ and decays rapidly at higher values; the magnetic intensity correlates weakly with density from $n \\sim 0.1$ to $10^4 \\pcc$, and then varies roughly as $n^{1/2}$ for higher densities.} {The global statistical properties of such molecular clouds are reasonably consistent with observational determinations. Our numerical simulations suggest that molecular clouds formed by the moderately supersonic collision of warm atomic gas streams.}

P. Hennebelle; R. Banerjee; E. Vazquez-Semadeni; R. Klessen; E. Audit

2008-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

257

Effects of a Warm Oceanic Feature on Hurricane Opal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 4 October 1995, Hurricane Opal deepened from 965 to 916 hPa in the Gulf of Mexico over a 14-h period upon encountering a warm core ring (WCR) in the ocean shed by the Loop Current during an upper-level atmospheric trough interaction. Based on ...

Lynn K. Shay; Gustavo J. Goni; Peter G. Black

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Global Warming Effects on U.S. Hurricane Damage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

While many studies of the effects of global warming on hurricanes predict an increase in various metrics of Atlantic basin-wide activity, it is less clear that this signal will emerge from background noise in measures of hurricane damage, which ...

Kerry Emanuel

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Warming Trends in the Arctic from Clear Sky Satellite Observations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Satellite thermal infrared data on surface temperatures provide pan-Arctic coverage from 1981 to 2001 during cloud-free conditions and reveal large warming anomalies in the 1990s compared to the 1980s and regional variability in the trend. The ...

Josefino C. Comiso

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Global hydrological cycle response to rapid and slow global warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the response of global water vapor to global warming in a series of fully coupled climate model simulations. We find that a roughly 7% per Kelvin rate of increase of water vapor with global surface temperature is robust only for rapid ...

Larissa Back; Karen Russ; Zhengyu Liu; Kuniaki Inoue; Jiaxu Zhang; Bette Otto-Bliesner

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

NGNP High Temperature Materials White Paper  

SciTech Connect

This white paper is one in a series of white papers that address key generic issues of the combined construction and operating license (COL) pre-application program key generic issues for the Next Generation Nuclear Plant reactor using the prismatic block fuel technology. The purpose of the pre-application program interactions with the NRC staff is to reduce the time required for COL application review by identifying and addressing key regulatory issues and, if possible, obtaining agreements for their resolution

Lew Lommers; George Honma

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

NEW COOLING SEQUENCES FOR OLD WHITE DWARFS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present full evolutionary calculations appropriate for the study of hydrogen-rich DA white dwarfs. This is done by evolving white dwarf progenitors from the zero-age main sequence, through the core hydrogen-burning phase, the helium-burning phase, and the thermally pulsing asymptotic giant branch phase to the white dwarf stage. Complete evolutionary sequences are computed for a wide range of stellar masses and for two different metallicities, Z = 0.01, which is representative of the solar neighborhood, and Z = 0.001, which is appropriate for the study of old stellar systems, like globular clusters. During the white dwarf cooling stage, we self-consistently compute the phase in which nuclear reactions are still important, the diffusive evolution of the elements in the outer layers and, finally, we also take into account all the relevant energy sources in the deep interior of the white dwarf, such as the release of latent heat and the release of gravitational energy due to carbon-oxygen phase separation upon crystallization. We also provide colors and magnitudes for these sequences, based on a new set of improved non-gray white dwarf model atmospheres, which include the most up-to-date physical inputs like the Ly{alpha} quasi-molecular opacity. The calculations are extended down to an effective temperature of 2500 K. Our calculations provide a homogeneous set of evolutionary cooling tracks appropriate for mass and age determinations of old DA white dwarfs and for white dwarf cosmochronology of the different Galactic populations.

Renedo, I.; Althaus, L. G.; GarcIa-Berro, E. [Departament de Fisica Aplicada, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, c/Esteve Terrades 5, 08860 Castelldefels (Spain); Miller Bertolami, M. M.; Romero, A. D.; Corsico, A. H. [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n, (1900) La Plata (Argentina); Rohrmann, R. D., E-mail: garcia@fa.upc.ed [Observatorio Astronomico, Universidad Nacional de Cordoba, Laprida 854, (5000) Cordoba (Argentina)

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Prints and copies Black/white XEROX PRINTERS Paper type white  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Prints and copies Black/white XEROX PRINTERS A4 A3 Paper type white 80 gram one-sided 0,04 0 glossy 0,15 coloured paper 80 gram 0,03 0,05 white or coloured paper 120 gram 0,05 sheet (only XEROX,09 two-sided 0,06 0,15 Prints and copies Fullcolour XEROX PRINTERS 7556 - 7655 - 7335 A4 A3 Paper type

Franssen, Michael

264

Myth or reality; Some data dispute global warming theory  

SciTech Connect

Science in March 1990 published a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) analysis of data collected from 1979 through 1988 by the TIROS-N series of weather satellites. The data include the most precise global temperature measurements ever taken. The study found no evidence of global warming from the greenhouse effect during that period. If anything, the short-term trend was toward cooling, since the average of the first five years, 1979 to 1983, was warmer than the most recent five. The NASA findings can be added to a burgeoning body of scientific data seriously questioning the contention that Earth is threatened by global warming resulting from a greenhouse effect primarily instigated by man. Ironically, James Hansen, director of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies, has been the nation's most outspoken advocate of the thesis that, because concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and other greenhouse gases, such as methane, have risen by 30 percent in the last 100 years and are expected to rise another 40 percent by 2050, the planet eventually will warm by about 4 degrees Celsius. According to this hypothesis, the warming will cause major coastal flooding, inland droughts and sundry other catastrophes. But Reid Bryson, founder of the Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Wisconsin, contends Hansen's thesis cannot be accepted, and Michael Schlesinger, professor of meteorology at the University of Illinois, asserts the chance that global warming has already been detected is pretty close to zero.

Lee, R.W.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

NFI Publishes White Paper on Trends, Challenges and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NFI Publishes White Paper on Trends, Challenges and Strategy in Forensic Science. April 9, 2013. ...

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

266

Operating System Quality of Service Technical White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operating System Quality of Service Technical White Paper White Paper Abstract Within the past few to the applications at the edges of the network. This white paper reviews emerging QoS mechanisms and how after the date of publication. This white paper is for informational purposes only. MICROSOFT MAKES

Schulzrinne, Henning

267

White Paper Synchrotron Radiation Sources for the Future  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Paper Synchrotron Radiation Sources for the Future Sol Gruner1,2,3 , Don Bilderback1 of Nuclear Studies (LNS) Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 Source: http://erl.chess.cornell.edu/papers/WhitePaper_v41.pdf #12;WhitePaper_v41.doc 04/02/011 White Paper Synchrotron Radiation Sources for the Future Sol

Gruner, Sol M.

268

3 Year Review of Genetics White Paper Wellcome Trust Response  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3 Year Review of Genetics White Paper Wellcome Trust Response 1 November 2006 Introduction 1 since publication of the 2003 Genetics White Paper (the White Paper). Key areas for improvement. However, one area that was not mentioned in the original White Paper that could have a major impact

Rambaut, Andrew

269

Get Ready for Fall: Leaf Peeping, Staying Warm, and Saving Money...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Get Ready for Fall: Leaf Peeping, Staying Warm, and Saving Money Get Ready for Fall: Leaf Peeping, Staying Warm, and Saving Money September 21, 2009 - 3:04pm Addthis Allison Casey...

270

A New Look at Stratospheric Sudden Warmings. Part I: Climatology and Modeling Benchmarks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Stratospheric sudden warmings are the clearest and strongest manifestation of dynamical coupling in the stratosphere–troposphere system. While many sudden warmings have been individually documented in the literature, this study aims at ...

Andrew J. Charlton; Lorenzo M. Polvani

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Can CGCMs Simulate the Twentieth-Century “Warming Hole” in the Central United States?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observed lack of twentieth-century warming in the central United States (CUS), denoted here as the “warming hole,” was examined in 55 simulations driven by external historical forcings and in 19 preindustrial control (unforced) simulations ...

Kenneth E. Kunkel; Xin-Zhong Liang; Jinhong Zhu; Yiruo Lin

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Sensitivities and Mechanisms of the Zonal Mean Atmospheric Circulation Response to Tropical Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although El Nińo and global warming are both characterized by warming in the tropical upper troposphere, the latitudinal changes of the Hadley cell edge and midlatitude eddy-driven jet are opposite in sign. Using an idealized dry atmospheric model,...

Lantao Sun; Gang Chen; Jian Lu

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A Perfect Prognosis Scheme for Forecasting Warm-Season Lightning over Florida  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study develops and evaluates a statistical scheme for forecasting warm-season lightning over Florida. Four warm seasons of analysis data from the Rapid Update Cycle (RUC) and lightning data from the National Lightning Detection Network are ...

Phillip E. Shafer; Henry E. Fuelberg

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

A Simple Dynamical Model of the Warm-Water Branch of the Middepth Meridional Overturning Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reduced-gravity model is presented of the warm-water branch of the middepth meridional overturning circulation in a rectangular basin with a circumpolar connection. The model describes the balance between production of warm water by Ekman ...

R. M. Samelson

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? February 3, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Many states are...

276

Phase Speed Spectra and the Latitude of Surface Westerlies: Interannual Variability and Global Warming Trend  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The extratropical annular-mode-like atmospheric responses to ENSO and global warming and the internal variability of annular modes are associated with similar, yet distinct, dynamical characteristics. In particular, La Nińa, global warming, and ...

Gang Chen; Jian Lu; Dargan M. W. Frierson

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Diagnostic Study of a Wavenumber-2 Stratospheric Sudden Warming in a Transformed Eulerian-Mean Formalism  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The intense wavenumber-2 stratospheric warming of February 1979 is analyzed in a transformed Eulerian-mean formalism, and compared with diagnostics generated by the model warming of Dunkerton et al. (1981). Significant differences in the ...

T. N. Palmer

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Tropical Stabilization of the Thermohaline Circulation in a Greenhouse Warming Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Most global climate models simulate a weakening of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation (THC) in response to enhanced greenhouse warming. Both surface warming and freshening in high latitudes, the so-called sinking region, contribute to ...

M. Latif; E. Roeckner; U. Mikolajewicz; R. Voss

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

How Dry is the Tropical Free Troposphere? Implications for Global Warming Theory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The humidity of the free troposphere is being increasingly scrutinized in climate research due to its central role in global warming theory through positive water vapor feedback. This feedback is the primary source of global warming in general ...

Roy W. Spencer; William D. Braswell

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Are There Any Satisfactory Geologic Analogs for a Future Greenhouse Warming?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There have been numerous attempts to propose past warm time periods as “analogs” for a future greenhouse warming. In this paper it is argued that, although paleoclimate studies may provide important insights into process operating in the climate ...

Thomas J. Crowley

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

The Supercooled Warm Rain Process and the Specification of Freezing Precipitation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About 30% of freezing precipitation cases are observed to occur in a subfreezing atmosphere (contrary to the classical melting ice model). We explain these cases with the concept of the “supercolled warm rain process” (SWRP): the warm rain ...

George J. Huffman; Gene Alfred Norman Jr.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

The Unusual Midwinter Warming in the Southern Hemisphere Stratosphere 2002: A Comparison to Northern Hemisphere Phenomena  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strong midwinter warming occurred in the Southern Hemisphere (SH) stratosphere in September 2002. Based on experiences from the Northern Hemisphere (NH), this event can be defined as a major warming with a breakdown of the polar vortex in ...

Kirstin Krüger; Barbara Naujokat; Karin Labitzke

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

The effect of experimental warming and precipitation change on proteolytic enzyme activity: positive feedbacks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.8 1.4 739 Harvard Forest-Prospect Hill HF1 Petersham, MA Temperate Forest Warming 42.5 Ă?72.2 7.8 1172 Harvard Forest-Barre Woods HF2 Petersham, MA Temperate Forest Warming 42.5 Ă?72.2 7.8 1172 Harvard Forest-N 9 Warming HFN Petersham, MA Temperate Forest Warming 42.5 Ă?72.2 7.8 1172 Boston Area Climate

Minnesota, University of

284

Warm Pool SST Variability in Relation to the Surface Energy Balance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The warm tropical oceans underlie the most convective regions on earth and are a critical component of the earth’s climate, yet there are differing opinions on the processes that control warm pool SST. The Indo–Pacific warm pool is characterized ...

John Fasullo; Peter J. Webster

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Deer Mice and White-Footed Mice  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deer Mice and White-Footed Mice Deer Mice and White-Footed Mice Nature Bulletin No. 545-A November 23. 1974 Forest Preserve District of Cook County George W. Dunne, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation DEER MICE AND WHITE-FOOTED MICE At night, sitting on a wooded shore, waiting for fish to bite or quietly gazing into the coals of a camp fire, you often become aware of mysterious small noises nearby in the darkness. Sometimes it is only a faint scratching on a tree trunk, or a rustling in the fallen leaves. But, again, you may hear a tiny drumming sound or a musical buzzing hum. Spooks? No. The best guess is that you have disturbed the night life of a wild mouse. He makes the drumming sound by rapidly tapping a dry leaf or hollow stem with his front feet. Unlike house mice, his voice is more of a song than a mere squeak. If you catch him in the beam of a flashlight you see an alert animal face with big ears, large black bulging eyes, and a beautiful coat -- rich brown above with snow-white underparts and feet. From these prominent characteristics came the common names of our two local species, the Deer Mouse and the White-footed Mouse.

286

White flight or flight from poverty?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phenomenon of White flight is often illustrated by the case of Detroit whose population dropped from 1.80 million to 0.95 million between 1950 and 2000 while at the same time its Black and Hispanic component grew from 30 percent to 85 percent. But is this case really representative? The present paper shows that the phenomenon of White flight is in fact essentially a flight from poverty. As a confirmation, we show that the changes in White or Black populations are highly correlated which means that White flight is always paralleled by Black flight (and Hispanic flight as well). This broader interpretation of White flight accounts not only for the case of northern cities such as Cincinnati, Cleveland or Detroit, but for all population changes at county level, provided the population density is higher than a threshold of about 50 per square-kilometer which corresponds to moderately urbanized areas (as can be found in states like Indiana or Virginia for instance).

Jego, C; Jego, Charles; Roehner, Bertrand M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Environmental GIS database for the White Sea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction The European Commission INCO Copernicus project was promoted in autumn 2000 as "Sustainable management of the marine ecosystem and living resources of the White Sea". One of the scientific and technical objectives is t o create dedicated environmental, ecological and socio-economic databases integrated in a Geographical Information System (GIS) for the White Sea region. To ensure the access to the database development also in the future, the open source gis approach as GRASS5.0 was chosen [1]. Into the White Sea GRASS-GIS database the bathymetry data with resolution 1 by 0.5 minutes was used to model the bottom surface of the White Sea. Russian coordinate system of Pulkova 42 was used. DCW vector data were used for the shoreline and the White Sea was divided to 7 traditional geographic areas. Raster layer of the bathymetry was divided with vector polygons to appropriate geographic areas and the area and volume were calculated. The hydrological and chemical parameters as

Seppo Kaitala; Anatoly Shavykin; Vladimir A. Volkov

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Calculations Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 NERSC Calculations Provide Independent Confirmation of Global Land Warming Since 1901 September 9, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Contact: Jon Bashor, jbashor@lbl.gov, 510-486-5849 campo.jpg These maps show the changes in air temperatures over land as measured using thermometers (left side) and as calculated by the 20th Century Reanalysis project (left side). While more than 80 percent of the observed variation is captured by the computer model, the results show interesting differences in some regions such as the midwestern United States, Argentina and eastern Brazil. The differences may be due previously unrecognized issues with the pressure observations, variations in land use and land cover over time,

289

Warm Springs Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Greenhouses Greenhouse Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warm Springs Greenhouses Sector Geothermal energy Type Greenhouse Location Banks, Idaho Coordinates 44.0804473°, -116.1240151° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

290

Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name Warm Springs Water District District Heating Low Temperature Geothermal Facility Facility Warm Springs Water District Sector Geothermal energy Type District Heating Location Boise, Idaho Coordinates 43.6135002°, -116.2034505° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

291

Estimating impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity system Title Estimating impacts of warming temperatures on California's electricity system Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Sathaye, Jayant A., Larry L. Dale, Peter H. Larsen, Gary A. Fitts, Kevin Koy, Sarah M. Lewis, and André Frossard Pereira de Lucena Journal Global Environmental Change Volume 23 Start Page 499 Issue 2 Pagination 499-511 Date Published 04/2013 Keywords EES-EG, electricity markets and policy group Abstract Despite a clear need, little research has been carried out at the regional-level to quantify potential climate-related impacts to electricity production and delivery systems. This paper introduces a bottom-up study of climate change impacts on California's energy infrastructure, including high temperature effects on power plant capacity, transmission lines, substation capacity, and peak electricity demand. End-of-century impacts were projected using the A2 and B1 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change emission scenarios. The study quantifies the effect of high ambient temperatures on electricity generation, the capacity of substations and transmission lines, and the demand for peak power for a set of climate scenarios. Based on these scenarios, atmospheric warming and associated peak demand increases would necessitate up to 38% of additional peak generation capacity and up to 31% additional transmission capacity, assuming current infrastructure. These findings, although based on a limited number of scenarios, suggest that additional funding could be put to good use by supporting R&D into next generation cooling equipment technologies, diversifying the power generation mix without compromising the system's operational flexibility, and designing effective demand side management programs.

292

North Florida Global Warming Study Group | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Florida Global Warming Study Group Florida Global Warming Study Group Jump to: navigation, search Name North Florida Global Warming Study Group Address 8342 Compass Rose Dr S Place Jacksonville, Florida Zip 32216 Year founded 2003 Phone number 9047379211 Website [atilley@unf.edu atilley@unf.edu ] Notes This is an email newslist. Coordinates 30.259044°, -81.571333° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":30.259044,"lon":-81.571333,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

293

Potential bias of model projected greenhouse warming in irrigated regions  

SciTech Connect

Atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) used to project climate responses to increased CO{sub 2} generally omit irrigation of agricultural land. Using the NCAR CAM3 GCM coupled to a slab-ocean model, we find that inclusion of an extreme irrigation scenario has a small effect on the simulated temperature and precipitation response to doubled CO{sub 2} in most regions, but reduced warming by as much as 1 C in some agricultural regions, such as Europe and India. This interaction between CO{sub 2} and irrigation occurs in cases where agriculture is a major fraction of the land surface and where, in the absence of irrigation, soil moisture declines are projected to provide a positive feedback to temperature change. The reduction of warming is less than 25% of the temperature increase modeled for doubled CO{sub 2} in most regions; thus greenhouse warming will still be dominant. However, the results indicate that land use interactions may be an important component of climate change uncertainty in some agricultural regions. While irrigated lands comprise only {approx}2% of the land surface, they contribute over 40% of global food production. Climate changes in these regions are therefore particularly important to society despite their relatively small contribution to average global climate.

Lobell, D; Bala, G; Bonfils, C; Duffy, P

2006-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

294

[Global warming and the running average sunspot number  

SciTech Connect

It has been reported in your pages that the Bush administration`s views and actions regarding how or whether to react to possible global warming due to greenhouse gases have been influenced by the so-called Marshall report. This unrefereed report, released by the George C. Marshall Institute, had as its principal conclusion the finding that the 0.5{degree} C global warming of the last century was mostly due to solar variability and, thus, the greenhouse warming of the 21st century can be expected to be a relatively small l{degree} C or so. The authors support this finding by comparing the 33-year running average sunspot number with the trend in annual average global temperature and noting the parallel between the two, especially during the 1940s--1960s when the temperature trend was downward. Subsequent letters to Science debated the merits of this and other conclusions contained in the report. I now present additional technical evidence which shows that, quite aside from the question of whether the data presented in the report support its conclusions, the actual figure on which the above conclusion is based is in error.

Fernau, M.E.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Global Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc Warming Solutions Inc previously Southern Investments Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Global Warming Solutions Inc (previously Southern Investments Inc) Place Houston, Texas Zip 77002 Sector Solar Product Developer of a combined PV and thermal energy solar system called light electric and thermal generator (LETG). Coordinates 29.76045°, -95.369784° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.76045,"lon":-95.369784,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

296

Global warming and global dioxide emission: An empirical study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the dynamic relationship between global surface temperature (global warming) and global carbon dioxide emission (CO{sub 2}) is modelled and analyzed by causality and spectral analysis in the time domain and frequency domain, respectively. Historical data of global CO{sub 2} emission and global surface temperature anomalies over 129 years from 1860-1988 are used in this study. The causal relationship between the two phenomena is first examined using the Sim and Granger causality test in the time domain after the data series are filtered by ARIMA models. The Granger causal relationship is further scrutinized and confirmed by cross-spectral and multichannel spectral analysis in the frequency domain. The evidence found from both analyses proves that there is a positive causal relationship between the two variables. The time domain analysis suggests that Granger causality exists between global surface temperature and global CO{sub 2} emission. Further, CO{sub 2} emission causes the change in temperature. The conclusions are further confirmed by the frequency domain analysis, which indicates that the increase in CO{sub 2} emission causes climate warming because a high coherence exists between the two variables. Furthermore, it is proved that climate changes happen after an increase in CO{sub 2} emission, which confirms that the increase in CO{sub 2} emission does cause global warming. 27 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Linyan Sun [Xian Jiaotong Univ., Shaanxi (China); Wang, M. [Saint Mary`s Univ., Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada)

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Availability of 3-out-of Warm Standby System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Standby techC6A4P are used to improve system availability. Usually, a k-out-of-n:G standby system is assumedthu whm an operating component fails, a standby component becomes active and th system is working if at least k components are fault-free. In general,ther arethC6 types in component standby, i.e., cold,hd and warm standby. Cold standby impliesthe inactive components h ve a zero failure rate. Hot standby impliesthl an inactive componenthx th same failure rate aswh6 it is in operation. Warm standby impliesthi an inactive componenthx a failure rate between cold and hdC it is also called dormant failure in some papers. k-out-of-n:G warm standby systemsh ve been used in several research fields including medical diagnosis, redundant-system testing, power plant system and so on. Th.C h ve been many articles concerning study on availability of k-out-of-n:G syst

Tielingzhan Nonmember And; Specialsection On; Michio Horigome; M Er

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Global Warming: some back-of-the-envelope calculations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We do several simple calculations and measurements in an effort to gain understanding of global warming and the carbon cycle. Some conclusions are interesting: (i) There has been global warming since the end of the "little ice age" around 1700. There is no statistically significant evidence of acceleration of global warming since 1940. (ii) The increase of CO_2 in the atmosphere, beginning around 1940, accurately tracks the burning of fossil fuels. Burning all of the remaining economically viable reserves of oil, gas and coal over the next 150 years or so will approximately double the pre-industrial atmospheric concentration of CO_2. The corresponding increase in the average temperature, due to the greenhouse effect, is quite uncertain: between 1.3 and 4.8K. This increase of temperature is (partially?) offset by the increase of aerosols and deforestation. (iii) Ice core samples indicate that the pre-historic CO_2 concentration and temperature are well correlated. We conclude that changes in the temperatures o...

Fabara, C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

White Papers | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

White Papers White Papers Home Kyoung's picture Submitted by Kyoung(155) Contributor 9 July, 2013 - 20:57 GRR 3rd Quarter - Stakeholder Update Meeting Alaska analysis appropriations Categorical Exclusions Coordinating Permit Office Cost Mechanisms Cost Recovery geothermal Hawaii NEPA permitting quarterly meeting White Papers On June 26th, we held the 3rd Quarter GRR Stakeholder Update at the Grand Sierra Resort in Reno, NV. The meeting was well-attended with over 40 attendees, including in-person and webinar attendance. Thanks to all who attended! Files: application/pdf icon Presentation: 3rd Quarterly Stakeholder Update Meeting application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation icon Mock-up: GRR Permitting Wizard Interface Kyoung's picture Submitted by Kyoung(155)

300

Roscoe B White | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Roscoe B White Roscoe B White Principal Research Physicist, Plasma Physics Laboratory. Lecture Dr. White is a distinguished research fellow in the theory department and a faculty lecturer with rank of Professor. He graduated in Physics from the University of Minnesota and then obtained his Ph.D. in Physics from Princeton in 1963. After a year at the Lebedev Institute in Moscow as an Academy of Science exchange scientist, and two years at The International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, he taught for six years at UCLA. In 1972, he returned to Princeton, first for two years at the Institute for Advanced Study and then to PPPL. Primary interests include ideal and resistive magnetohydrodynamics, wave-particle interactions, and nonlinear dynamics. Contact Information

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301

Exciting White Lighting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exciting White Lighting Exciting White Lighting Exciting White Lighting April 23, 2010 - 10:27am Addthis Joshua DeLung In the future, your office building's windows might be replaced with windows that have transparent organic light-emitting diodes in them so that, during the day, you can see through them, but at night you might turn on your windows so that the OLEDs emit light into the room. That's what Janice Mahon, vice president of Technology Commercialization at New Jersey-based Universal Display, calls "a fun concept with real potential." Though Universal Display's PHOLED technology and materials can already be found in a variety of OLED displays for cell phones and TVs, OLED production for lighting may ramp up much faster because they are easier to manufacture. Universal Display specializes in developing patents in advanced

302

Winners and losers in a world with global warming: Noncooperation, altruism, and social welfare  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, global warming is an asymmetric transboundary externality which benefits some countries or regions and harms others. Few environmental problems have captured the public`s imagination as much and attracted as much scrutiny as global warming. The general perception is that global warming is a net social bad, and that across-the-board abatement of greenhouse gas emissions is therefore desirable. Despite many interesting academic contributions, not all of the basic economics of this phenomenon have been fully worked out. The authors use a simple two-country model to analyze the effects of global warming on resource allocations, the global-warming stock, and national and global welfare.

Caplan, A.J. [Weber State Univ., Ogden, UT (United States). Dept. of Economics; Ellis, C.J.; Silva, E.C.D. [Univ. of Oregon, Eugene, OR (United States). Dept. of Economics

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

THE LINK BETWEEN PLANETARY SYSTEMS, DUSTY WHITE DWARFS, AND METAL-POLLUTED WHITE DWARFS  

SciTech Connect

It has long been suspected that metal-polluted white dwarfs (types DAZ, DBZ, and DZ) and white dwarfs with dusty disks possess planetary systems, but a specific physical mechanism by which planetesimals are perturbed close to a white dwarf has not yet been fully posited. In this paper, we demonstrate that mass loss from a central star during post-main-sequence evolution can sweep planetesimals into interior mean motion resonances with a single giant planet. These planetesimals are slowly removed through chaotic excursions of eccentricity that in time create radial orbits capable of tidally disrupting the planetesimal. Numerical N-body simulations of the solar system show that a sufficient number of planetesimals are perturbed to explain white dwarfs with both dust and metal pollution, provided other white dwarfs have more massive relic asteroid belts. Our scenario requires only one Jupiter-sized planet and a sufficient number of asteroids near its 2:1 interior mean motion resonance. Finally, we show that once a planetesimal is perturbed into a tidal crossing orbit, it will become disrupted after the first pass of the white dwarf, where a highly eccentric stream of debris forms the main reservoir for dust-producing collisions. These simulations, in concert with observations of white dwarfs, place interesting limits on the frequency of planetary systems around main-sequence stars, the frequency of planetesimal belts, and the probability that dust may obscure future terrestrial planet finding missions.

Debes, John H. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Walsh, Kevin J. [Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO (United States); Stark, Christopher [Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, DC 20015 (United States)

2012-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

304

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Standardization. White Paper – Energy Efficiency Status ofbased on the White Paper - Energy Efficiency Status oftransformer). In White Paper – Energy Efficiency Status of

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2012)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and others. White Paper – Energy Efficiency Status ofand others. White Paper – Energy Efficiency Status ofL ABORATORY White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Tobacco industry targeting of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community: A white paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transgender community: a White Paper. San Francisco: UCSFSupport for printing this White Paper was provided by theand transgender community A white paper Naphtali Offen,

Offen, Naphtali; Smith, Elizabeth A.; Malone, Ruth E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Menthol Sensory Qualities and Possible Effects on Topography: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

effects of menthol: A white paper; 2010. Hilliard R. Effecton nicotine dependence: A white paper; 2010. Perfetti TA,consumer perceptions: A white paper; Roper B, Wilkins S. [

Yerger, Valerie B ND; McCandless, Phyra M JD, MPH

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Scientific Needs for Future X-ray Sources in the U.S. -- A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DESY) Herman Winick (SLAC) Mike Zisman (LBNL) WHITE PAPER33 WHITE PAPER i Contents E. Life Science and Soft Condensedimportant emerging properties. WHITE PAPER THREE Examples of

Falcone, Roger

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Physics of greenhouse effect and convection in warm Oceans  

SciTech Connect

Sea surface temperatures (SST) in roughly 50% of the tropical Pacific Ocean is warm enough (SST > 300 K) to permit deep convection. This paper examines the effects of deep convection on the climatological mean vertical distributions of water vapor and its greenhouse effect over such warm oceans. The study also examines the link between SST, vertical distribution of water vapor, and its greenhouse effect in the tropical oceans. The radiation model calculations do not include the effects of clouds. The data are grouped into nonconvective and convective categories using SST as an index for convective activity. On average, convective regions are more humid, trap significantly more longwave radiation, and emit more radiation to the sea surface. The greenhouse effect in regions of convection operates as per classical ideas, that is, as the SST increases, the atmosphere traps the excess longwave energy emitted by the surface and reradiates it locally back to the ocean surface. The important departure from the classical picture is that the net (up minus down) fluxes at the surface and at the top-of-the atmosphere decrease with an increase in SST; that is, the surface and the surface-troposphere column lose the ability to radiate the excess energy to space. The cause of this upper greenhouse effect at the surface is the rapid increase in the lower-troposphere humidity with SST; that of the column is due to a combination of increase in humidity in the entire column and increase in the lapse rate within the lower troposphere. The increase in the vertical distribution of humidity far exceeds that which can be attributed to the temperature dependence of saturation vapor pressure; that is, the tropospheric relative humidity is larger in convective regions. The positive coupling between SST and the radiative warming of the surface by the water vapor greenhouse effect is also shown to exist on interannual time scales. 35 refs., 17 figs. 4 tabs.

Inamdar, A.K.; Ramanathan, V. (Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Energy and global warming impacts of CFC alternative technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are used in a number of applications and volumes of CFCs used grew at a tremendous pace during the 1960s and 1970s. However, in the mid-1980s, it was confirmed that these extremely useful chemicals contribute to the destruction of stratospheric ozone. These chemicals are being phased out of use rapidly to protect the ozone layer and it is very important that the replacements for CFCs do not result in a net increase in global warming by introducing less efficient processes that lead to higher energy use and increased carbon dioxide emissions. A study was conducted to identify those alternative chemicals and technologies that could replace CFCs in energy related applications before the year 2000, and to assess the total potential impact of these alternatives on global warming. The analysis for this project included an estimate of the direct effects from the release of blowing agents, refrigerants, and solvents into the atmosphere and the indirect effects in the form of carbon dioxide emissions resulting from energy use for commercial and residential heating and cooling, household and commercial refrigeration, building and automobile air-conditioning, and general metal and electronics solvent cleaning. The discussion in this paper focuses on those aspects of the study relevant to refrigeration and air-conditioning. In general the use of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) alternatives for CFCs lead to large and sometimes dramatic reductions in total equivalent warming impact (TEWI), lifetime equivalent CO{sub 2} emissions. Most of the reductions result from decreased direct effects without significant changes in energy use.

Fischer, S.K.; Fairchild, P.D.; Hughes, P.J.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Energy and global warming impacts of CFC alternative technologies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are used in a number of applications and volumes of CFCs used grew at a tremendous pace during the 1960s and 1970s. However, in the mid-1980s, it was confirmed that these extremely useful chemicals contribute to the destruction of stratospheric ozone. These chemicals are being phased out of use rapidly to protect the ozone layer and it is very important that the replacements for CFCs do not result in a net increase in global warming by introducing less efficient processes that lead to higher energy use and increased carbon dioxide emissions. A study was conducted to identify those alternative chemicals and technologies that could replace CFCs in energy related applications before the year 2000, and to assess the total potential impact of these alternatives on global warming. The analysis for this project included an estimate of the direct effects from the release of blowing agents, refrigerants, and solvents into the atmosphere and the indirect effects in the form of carbon dioxide emissions resulting from energy use for commercial and residential heating and cooling, household and commercial refrigeration, building and automobile air-conditioning, and general metal and electronics solvent cleaning. The discussion in this paper focuses on those aspects of the study relevant to refrigeration and air-conditioning. In general the use of hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) and hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC) alternatives for CFCs lead to large and sometimes dramatic reductions in total equivalent warming impact (TEWI), lifetime equivalent CO{sub 2} emissions. Most of the reductions result from decreased direct effects without significant changes in energy use.

Fischer, S.K.; Fairchild, P.D.; Hughes, P.J.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

FINAL REPORT WIND POWER WARM SPRINGS RESERVATION TRIBAL LANDS DOE GRANT NUMBER DE-FG36-07GO17077 SUBMITTED BY WARM SPRINGS POWER & WATER ENTERPRISES A CORPORATE ENTITY OF THE CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF WARM SPRINGS WARM SPRINGS, OREGON  

SciTech Connect

Wind Generation Feasibility Warm Springs Power and Water Enterprises (WSPWE) is a corporate entity owned by the Confederated Tribes of the Warm Springs Reservation, located in central Oregon. The organization is responsible for managing electrical power generation facilities on tribal lands and, as part of its charter, has the responsibility to evaluate and develop renewable energy resources for the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs. WSPWE recently completed a multi-year-year wind resource assessment of tribal lands, beginning with the installation of wind monitoring towers on the Mutton Mountains site in 2003, and collection of on-site wind data is ongoing. The study identified the Mutton Mountain site on the northeastern edge of the reservation as a site with sufficient wind resources to support a commercial power project estimated to generate over 226,000 MWh per year. Initial estimates indicate that the first phase of the project would be approximately 79.5 MW of installed capacity. This Phase 2 study expands and builds on the previously conducted Phase 1 Wind Resource Assessment, dated June 30, 2007. In order to fully assess the economic benefits that may accrue to the Tribes through wind energy development at Mutton Mountain, a planning-level opinion of probable cost was performed to define the costs associated with key design and construction aspects of the proposed project. This report defines the Mutton Mountain project costs and economics in sufficient detail to allow the Tribes to either build the project themselves or contract with a developer under the most favorable terms possible for the Tribes.

Jim Manion; Michael Lofting; Wil Sando; Emily Leslie; Randy Goff

2009-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

313

Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA Administrator McCarthy Moderated by Grist Join a White House Google+ Hangout with Energy Secretary Moniz & EPA...

314

LIVE from the White House Science Fair | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LIVE from the White House Science Fair LIVE from the White House Science Fair October 18, 2010 - 11:31am Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of...

315

White House honors Sandia nurse for helping women veterans, children...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > White House honors Sandia nurse for helping ... White House honors Sandia nurse for helping women...

316

White House Tribal Nations Conference | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Tribal Nations Conference White House Tribal Nations Conference December 5, 2012 8:00AM EST Washington, D.C. On December 5, 2012, President Obama will host...

317

Statement from the White House Press Secretary on the Ongoing...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

from the White House Press Secretary on the Ongoing U.S. Response to the Earthquakes and Tsunami in Japan Statement from the White House Press Secretary on the Ongoing U.S....

318

Ethos and exigence: white papers in high-tech industries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, many high-tech firms have used documents called white papers to describe the products and services they offer, and white papers on high-tech… (more)

Willerton, David Russell

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Ethos and exigence: White papers in high-tech industries.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent years, many high-tech firms have used documents called white papers to describe the products and services they offer, and white papers on high-tech… (more)

Willerton, David Russell

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

NREL: Wind Research - White Earth Nation Installs Turbines: A...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White Earth Nation Installs Turbines: A Wind Powering America Success Story February 11, 2013 Almost 8 years after taking the initial steps to harness the wind, the White Earth...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

White light emitting diode as liquid crystal display backlight  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The discovery of high brightness (white) light emitting diode (LED) is considered as a real threat to the current lighting industry in various applications. One of the most promising sectors would be using white LED to ...

Soon, Chian Myau

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

City of White, South Dakota (Utility Company) | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon City of White, South Dakota (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of White Place South...

323

Signal and noise in global warming detection. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The specific objectives of this study were the following: (1) What is the expected sampling error and bias incurred in estimation of the global average temperature from a finite number of point gauges? (2) What is the best one can do by optimally arranging N point gauges, how can one make best use of existing data at N point gauges by optimally weighting them? (3) What is a good estimation of the signal of global warming based upon simple models of the climate system? (4) How does one develop an optimal signal detection technique from the knowledge of signal and noise?

North, G.R.

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Scientists studying the greenhouse effect challenge fears of global warming  

SciTech Connect

The author discusses the controversy in the scientific community about the significance of the increased gases causing the greenhouse effect to be detrimental to the earth's ecosystems. He states that the most important aspect of the controversy is the fact that governments are embarking on foolish activities in order to prevent global warming. The fact that scientists offer research with contradicting results furthers the confusion as to what the best course of action is. The government agencies that control policy need to appropriate funds to study specific climatic changes and what effect carbon dioxide and other gases have on the atmosphere.

Wheeler, D.L.

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The rising tide: Global warming and world sea levels  

SciTech Connect

The author presents a broad-based and well-written approach to the impacts of sea level rise. Besides chapters on global warming, sources of sea level variability and the future, the effects on coastal nations, the book contains an important action-oriented discussion of proposed legislation and guidelines for planning and management aimed at reducing loss and damage produced by sea-level rise. The list of acknowledgements includes all the leading practitioners in the field. The references and information are current; reports and information from 1989 and 1990 meetings are included.

Edgerton, L.T.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Indirect Drive Warm-Loaded Ignition Target Design  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes the Indirect Drive Warm-Loaded Ignition Target design. These targets either use a fill tube or the capsule is strong enough to withstand the room temperature pressure of the DT fuel. Only features that affect the design of the NIF Cryogenic Target System (NCTS) are presented. The design presented is the current thinking and may evolve further. The NCTS should be designed to accommodate a range of targets and target scales, as described here. The interface location between the target and the NCTS cryostat is at the target base / gripper joint, the tamping gas gland/gland joint, and the electrical plug/receptacle joint.

Bernat, T P; Gibson, C R

2004-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

327

Sheet metal stamping die design for warm forming  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In metal stamping dies, by taking advantage of improved material flow by selectively warming the die, flat sections of the die can contribute to the flow of material throughout the workpiece. Local surface heating can be accomplished by placing a heating block in the die. Distribution of heating at the flat lower train central regions outside of the bend region allows a softer flow at a lower stress to enable material flow into the thinner, higher strain areas at the bend/s. The heating block is inserted into the die and is powered by a power supply.

Ghosh, Amit K. (Ann Arbor, MI)

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

328

600 a Current Leads with Dry and Compact Warm Terminals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the LHC magnet test benches 26 pairs of conventional helium vapour-cooled 600 A current leads are required. The first pair of 600 A current leads has been designed and built by industry and tested at CERN. The main component of the lead is the heat exchanger, which consists of two concentric copper pipes. Special attention was also given to the design of the warm terminal in order to avoid any condensation and to resist at an electrical test of 2 kV. The paper describes construction details and compares calculated and measured values of the main parameters.

Andersen, T P; Vullierme, B

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

White LED with High Package Extraction Efficiency  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project is to develop a high efficiency phosphor converting (white) Light Emitting Diode (pcLED) 1-Watt package through an increase in package extraction efficiency. A transparent/translucent monolithic phosphor is proposed to replace the powdered phosphor to reduce the scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is proposed between blue LED die and phosphor layer to recover inward yellow emission. At the end of the project we expect to recycle approximately 50% of the unrecovered backward light in current package construction, and develop a pcLED device with 80 lm/W{sub e} using our technology improvements and commercially available chip/package source. The success of the project will benefit luminous efficacy of white LEDs by increasing package extraction efficiency. In most phosphor-converting white LEDs, the white color is obtained by combining a blue LED die (or chip) with a powdered phosphor layer. The phosphor partially absorbs the blue light from the LED die and converts it into a broad green-yellow emission. The mixture of the transmitted blue light and green-yellow light emerging gives white light. There are two major drawbacks for current pcLEDs in terms of package extraction efficiency. The first is light scattering caused by phosphor particles. When the blue photons from the chip strike the phosphor particles, some blue light will be scattered by phosphor particles. Converted yellow emission photons are also scattered. A portion of scattered light is in the backward direction toward the die. The amount of this backward light varies and depends in part on the particle size of phosphors. The other drawback is that yellow emission from phosphor powders is isotropic. Although some backward light can be recovered by the reflector in current LED packages, there is still a portion of backward light that will be absorbed inside the package and further converted to heat. Heat generated in the package may cause a deterioration of encapsulant materials, affecting the performance of both the LED die and phosphor, leading to a decrease in the luminous efficacy over lifetime. Recent studies from research groups at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute found that, under the condition to obtain a white light, about 40% of the light is transmitted outward of the phosphor layer and 60% of the light is reflected inward.1,2 It is claimed that using scattered photon extraction (SPE) technique, luminous efficacy is increased by 60%. In this project, a transparent/translucent monolithic phosphor was used to replace the powdered phosphor layer. In the normal pcLED package, the powdered phosphor is mixed with silicone either to be deposited on the top of LED die forming a chip level conversion (CLC) white LED or to be casted in the package forming a volume conversion white LED. In the monolithic phosphors there are no phosphor powder/silicone interfaces so it can reduce the light scattering caused by phosphor particles. Additionally, a multi-layer thin film selectively reflecting filter is inserted in the white LED package between the blue LED die and phosphor layer. It will selectively transmit the blue light from the LED die and reflect the phosphor's yellow inward emission outward. The two technologies try to recover backward light to the outward direction in the pcLED package thereby improving the package extraction efficiency.

Yi Zheng; Matthew Stough

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

330

NIST Director Gallagher to Co-Chair White House Standards ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Director Gallagher to Co-Chair White House Standards Committee. For Immediate Release: March 30, 2010. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

331

NIST Contributions to Smart Grid Highlighted in White House ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Contributions to Smart Grid Highlighted in White House Report, Event. From NIST Tech Beat: June 13, 2011. ...

2011-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

332

New MEP Advisory Board White Paper Assesses the Present ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New MEP Advisory Board White Paper Assesses the Present and Future of American Manufacturing. For Immediate Release: April 13, 2010. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

333

White Paper PROJECT TITLE 15-816 Modal Logic AUTHORS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A short abstract, summarizing the proposed project, 200 words or fewer. The white paper, excluding references, should be 2–5 pages and conform to this format. The deadline for the white paper is Thursday, April 1, 2010. White papers will be graded. 1

unknown authors

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

The Imperative of Hard Power The 2009 Defence White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Imperative of Hard Power The 2009 Defence White Paper Presented by National Security College Mr Michael Pezzullo was the Deputy Secretary (2009 White Paper) in the Department of Defence of force by states in the modern world was dealt with in the 2009 Defence White Paper, and in particular

335

White Papers Submitted to the Technology Innovation Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Papers Submitted to the Technology Innovation Program interested parties to submit white papers describing an area of critical national need and how those needs-risk, high-reward R&D. White papers could discuss any area of critical national need of interest

Magee, Joseph W.

336

WHITENESS EVALUATIONS ON TINTED AND FWA ADDED PAPERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WHITENESS EVALUATIONS ON TINTED AND FWA ADDED PAPERS Burak Aksoy, Paul D. Fleming* and Margaret K added # 1 publication grade papers at D65/10. Figure 4. CIE, Hunter, Ganz and Fleming-Aksoy whitenesses-Aksoy whiteness values of FWA added #1 publication grade papers at D65/10. Figure 12. CIE, Hunter, Ganz and Aksoy

Fleming, Paul D. "Dan"

337

The role of clouds and oceans in global greenhouse warming  

SciTech Connect

During the past three years we have conducted several studies using models and a combination of satellite data, in situ meteorological and oceanic data, and paleoclimate reconstructions, under the DoE program, Quantifying the Link Between Change in Radiative Balance and Atmospheric Temperature''. Our goals were to investigate effects of global cloudiness variations on global climate and their implications for cloud feedback and continue development and application of NYU transient climate/ocean models, with emphasis on coupled effects of greenhouse warming and feedbacks by both the clouds and oceans. Our original research plan emphasized the use of cloud, surface temperature and ocean data sets interpreted by focused climate/ocean models to develop a cloud radiative forcing scenario for the past 100 years and to assess the transient climate response; to narrow key uncertainties in the system; and to identify those aspects of the climate system most likely to be affected by greenhouse warming over short, medium and long time scales.

Hoffert, M.I.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

The role of nuclear energy in mitigating greenhouse warming  

SciTech Connect

A behavioral, top-down, forced-equilibrium market model of long-term ({approximately} 2,100) global energy-economics interactions has been modified with a bottom-up nuclear energy model and used to construct consistent scenarios describing future impacts of civil nuclear materials flows in an expanding, multi-regional (13) world economy. The relative measures and tradeoffs between economic (GNP, tax impacts, productivity, etc.), environmental (greenhouse gas accumulations, waste accumulation, proliferation risk), and energy (resources, energy mixes, supply-side versus demand-side attributes) interactions that emerge from these analyses are focused herein on advancing understanding of the role that nuclear energy (and other non-carbon energy sources) might play in mitigating greenhouse warming. Two ostensibly opposing scenario drivers are investigated: (a) demand-side improvements in (non-price-induced) autonomous energy efficiency improvements; and (b) supply-side carbon-tax inducements to shift energy mixes towards reduced- or non-carbon forms. In terms of stemming greenhouse warming for minimal cost of greenhouse-gas abatement, and with the limitations of the simplified taxing schedule used, a symbiotic combination of these two approaches may offer advantages not found if each is applied separately.

Krakowski, R.A.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

339

Ashton Warm Springs Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Ashton Warm Springs Geothermal Area Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Geothermal Resource Area: Ashton Warm Springs Geothermal Area Contents 1 Area Overview 2 History and Infrastructure 3 Regulatory and Environmental Issues 4 Exploration History 5 Well Field Description 6 Geology of the Area 7 Geofluid Geochemistry 8 NEPA-Related Analyses (0) 9 Exploration Activities (0) 10 References Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":6,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"300px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.095,"lon":-111.4583,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

340

Warm molecular hydrogen in the Spitzer SINGS galaxy sample  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(simplified) Results on the properties of warm H2 in 57 normal galaxies are derived from H2 rotational transitions, obtained as part of SINGS. This study extends previous extragalactic surveys of H2, the most abundant constituent of the molecular ISM, to more common systems (L_FIR = e7 to 6e10 L_sun) of all morphological and nuclear types. The S(1) transition is securely detected in the nuclear regions of 86% of SINGS galaxies with stellar masses above 10^9.5 M_sun. The derived column densities of warm H2 (T > ~100 K), even though averaged over kiloparsec-scale areas, are commensurate with those of resolved PDRs; the median of the sample is 3e20 cm-2. They amount to between 1% and >30% of the total H2. The power emitted in the sum of the S(0) to S(2) transitions is on average 30% of the [SiII] line power, and ~4e-4 of the total infrared power (TIR) within the same area for star-forming galaxies, which is consistent with excitation in PDRs. The fact that H2 emission scales tightly with PAH emission, even thoug...

Roussel, H; Hollenbach, D J; Draine, B T; Smith, J D; Armus, L; Schinnerer, E; Walter, F; Engelbracht, C W; Thornley, M D; Kennicutt, R C; Calzetti, D; Dale, D A; Murphy, E J; Bot, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Why the Earth has not warmed as much as expected?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The observed increase in global mean surface temperature (GMST) over the industrial era is less than 40% of that expected from observed increases in long-lived greenhouse gases together with the best-estimate equilibrium climate sensitivity given by the 2007 Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Possible reasons for this warming discrepancy are systematically examined here. The warming discrepancy is found to be due mainly to some combination of two factors: the IPCC best estimate of climate sensitivity being too high and/or the greenhouse gas forcing being partially offset by forcing by increased concentrations of atmospheric aerosols; the increase in global heat content due to thermal disequilibrium accounts for less than 25% of the discrepancy, and cooling by natural temperature variation can account for only about 15%. Current uncertainty in climate sensitivity is shown to preclude determining the amount of future fossil fuel CO2 emissions that would be compatible with any chosen maximum allowable increase in GMST; even the sign of such allowable future emissions is unconstrained. Resolving this situation, by empirical determination of the earth's climate sensitivity from the historical record over the industrial period or through use of climate models whose accuracy is evaluted by their performance over this period, is shown to require substantial reduction in the uncertainty of aerosol forcing over this period.

Schwartz, S.E.

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

White LED with High Package Extraction Efficiency  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

WHITE LED WITH HIGH PACKAGE WHITE LED WITH HIGH PACKAGE EXTRACTION EFFICIENCY Final Report Report Period Start Date: 10/01/2006 Report Period End Date: 09/30/2008 Authors: Yi Zheng and Matthew Stough Report Submission Date: November 2008 DOE Award Number: DE-FC26-06NT42935 Project Manager: Ryan Egidi OSRAM SYLVANIA Product Inc Central Research and Service Laboratory 71 Cherry Hill Dr., Beverly, MA 01915 2 DISCLAIMER This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor an agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,

343

The hydraulic jump as a white hole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the geometry of the circular hydraulic jump, the velocity of the liquid in the interior region exceeds the speed of capillary-gravity waves (ripplons), whose spectrum is `relativistic' in the shallow water limit. The velocity flow is radial and outward, and thus the relativistic ripplons cannot propagating into the interior region. In terms of the effective 2+1 dimensional Painleve-Gullstrand metric appropriate for the propagating ripplons, the interior region imitates the white hole. The hydraulic jump represents the physical singularity at the white-hole horizon. The instability of the vacuum in the ergoregion inside the circular hydraulic jump and its observation in recent experiments on superfluid 4He by E. Rolley, C. Guthmann, M.S. Pettersen and C. Chevallier in physics/0508200 are discussed.

G. E. Volovik

2005-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

344

Maximum Spectral Luminous Efficacy of White Light  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As lighting efficiency improves, it is useful to understand the theoretical limits to luminous efficacy for light that we perceive as white. Independent of the efficiency with which photons are generated, there exists a spectrally-imposed limit to the luminous efficacy of any source of photons. We find that, depending on the acceptable bandpass and---to a lesser extent---the color temperature of the light, the ideal white light source achieves a spectral luminous efficacy of 250--370 lm/W. This is consistent with previous calculations, but here we explore the maximum luminous efficacy as a function of photopic sensitivity threshold, color temperature, and color rendering index; deriving peak performance as a function of all three parameters. We also present example experimental spectra from a variety of light sources, quantifying the intrinsic efficacy of their spectral distributions.

Murphy, T W

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Whiting, Vermont: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Whiting, Vermont: Energy Resources Whiting, Vermont: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 43.8639503°, -73.2003929° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.8639503,"lon":-73.2003929,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

346

Asteroseismology of DAV White Dwarf Stars  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The author reviews the seismological structural determinations of ZZ Ceti stars done to date, and supplement these with additional preliminary determinations of his own. He compares the constraints on the hydrogen layer mass to see what trends emerge and also determines if the observed hydrogen layer masses are consistent with proposed theories. He then looks ahead to the prospects of further DAV white dwarf seismology.

Bradley, Paul A.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

347

HTGR Mechanistic Source Terms White Paper  

SciTech Connect

The primary purposes of this white paper are: (1) to describe the proposed approach for developing event specific mechanistic source terms for HTGR design and licensing, (2) to describe the technology development programs required to validate the design methods used to predict these mechanistic source terms and (3) to obtain agreement from the NRC that, subject to appropriate validation through the technology development program, the approach for developing event specific mechanistic source terms is acceptable

Wayne Moe

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

A warm-start approach for large-scale stochastic linear programs?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Aug 29, 2006 ... The reduced tree selection induces a function r : T ?TR that maps each ...... We applied our warm-start strategy to the capacity assignment ...

349

Microsoft Word - Warm Rinse Guidance 6 29 2010_FINAL _2_  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The following is a draft U.S. Department of Energy interpretive rule, which sets out the The following is a draft U.S. Department of Energy interpretive rule, which sets out the Department's views on the application of the clothes washer testing procedure described in 10 CFR § 430 Appendix J1. This draft interpretive rule represents the Department's interpretation of its existing regulations and is exempt from the notice and comment requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act. See 5 U.S.C. § 553(b)(A). Nevertheless, we are interested in receiving feedback from the public on the interpretation set forth below. Therefore, the Department is accepting comments from the public until July 30, 2010. Comments should be provided in WordPerfect, Microsoft Word, PDF, or text file format by sending an email to: WarmRinse.FAQ@hq.doe.gov. At the end of the

350

New electric technologies to reduce global warming impacts  

SciTech Connect

Advanced electric technologies hold significant potential to reduce global warming impact through reduction of primary fuel needed to power end-use applications. These reductions can occur in two forms: (1) reduced kilowatt-hour usage and power plant emissions through efficiency improvements and technological enhancements of existing electrically-driven applications; (2) the development of new electric technologies to replace traditional fossil-fuel driven applications which can result in less overall primary energy consumption and lower overall emissions. Numerous new electric technologies are presently being developed by the Electric Power Research Institute. The technologies reviewed in this paper include: Microwave Fabric Dryer, Advanced Heat Pumps, Heat Pump Water Heater, Infrared Sand Reclaimer, Freeze Concentration, Membrane Water Recovery, Microwave Petrochemical Production, Infrared Drying, and Electric Vehicles. Full commercialization of these technologies can result in significant energy savings and CO[sub 2] reductions, in addition to improving the competitiveness of businesses using these technologies.

Courtright, H.A. (Electric Power Research Inst., Palo Alto, CA (United States))

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Storage and retrieval of thermal light in warm atomic vapor  

SciTech Connect

We report slowed propagation and storage and retrieval of thermal light in warm rubidium vapor using the effect of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). We first demonstrate slowed propagation of the probe thermal light beam through an EIT medium by measuring the second-order correlation function of the light field using the Hanbury-Brown-Twiss interferometer. We also report an experimental study on the effect of the EIT slow-light medium on the temporal coherence of thermal light. Finally, we demonstrate the storage and retrieval of the thermal light beam in the EIT medium. The direct measurement of the photon number statistics of the retrieved light field shows that the photon number statistics are preserved during the storage and retrieval processes.

Cho, Young-Wook; Kim, Yoon-Ho [Department of Physics, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Dynamical instabilities of warm npe matter: {delta} meson effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The effects of {delta} mesons on the dynamical instabilities of cold and warm nuclear and stellar matter at subsaturation densities are studied in the framework of relativistic mean-field hadron models (NL3, NL{rho}, and NL{rho}{delta}) with the inclusion of the electromagnetic field. The distillation effect and the spinodals for all the models considered are discussed. The crust-core transition density and pressure are obtained as a function of temperature for {beta}-equilibrium matter with and without neutrino trapping. An estimation of the size of the clusters formed in the nonhomogeneous phase and the corresponding growth rates are made. It is shown that cluster sizes increase with temperature. The effects of the {delta} meson on the instability region are larger for low temperatures, very asymmetric matter, and densities close to the spinodal surface. It increases the distillation effect above {approx}0.4{rho}{sub 0} and has the opposite effect below that density.

Pais, Helena; Santos, Alexandre; Providencia, Constanca [Centro de Fisica Computacional, Department of Physics, University of Coimbra, 3004-516 Coimbra (Portugal)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

353

The Effect of the Sea Ice Freshwater Flux on Southern Ocean Temperatures in CCSM3: Deep-Ocean Warming and Delayed Surface Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study explores the role of sea ice freshwater and salt fluxes in modulating twenty-first-century surface warming in the Southern Ocean via analysis of sensitivity experiments in the Community Climate System Model, version 3 (CCSM3). In ...

Clark H. Kirkman IV; Cecilia M. Bitz

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Warm Water Oxidation Verification - Scoping and Stirred Reactor Tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Scoping tests to evaluate the effects of agitation and pH adjustment on simulant sludge agglomeration and uranium metal oxidation at {approx}95 C were performed under Test Instructions(a,b) and as per sections 5.1 and 5.2 of this Test Plan prepared by AREVA. (c) The thermal testing occurred during the week of October 4-9, 2010. The results are reported here. For this testing, two uranium-containing simulant sludge types were evaluated: (1) a full uranium-containing K West (KW) container sludge simulant consisting of nine predominant sludge components; (2) a 50:50 uranium-mole basis mixture of uraninite [U(IV)] and metaschoepite [U(VI)]. This scoping study was conducted in support of the Sludge Treatment Project (STP) Phase 2 technology evaluation for the treatment and packaging of K-Basin sludge. The STP is managed by CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation Company (CHPRC) for the U.S. Department of Energy. Warm water ({approx}95 C) oxidation of sludge, followed by immobilization, has been proposed by AREVA and is one of the alternative flowsheets being considered to convert uranium metal to UO{sub 2} and eliminate H{sub 2} generation during final sludge disposition. Preliminary assessments of warm water oxidation have been conducted, and several issues have been identified that can best be evaluated through laboratory testing. The scoping evaluation documented here was specifically focused on the issue of the potential formation of high strength sludge agglomerates at the proposed 95 C process operating temperature. Prior hydrothermal tests conducted at 185 C produced significant physiochemical changes to genuine sludge, including the formation of monolithic concretions/agglomerates that exhibited shear strengths in excess of 100 kPa (Delegard et al. 2007).

Braley, Jenifer C.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Delegard, Calvin H.; Schmidt, Andrew J.

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Small Area Array-Based LED Luminaire Design  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of technical achievements during a three-year project to demonstrate high efficiency LED luminaire designs based on small area array-based gallium nitride diodes. Novel GaN-based LED array designs are described, specifically addressing the thermal, optical, electrical and mechanical requirements for the incorporation of such arrays into viable solid-state LED luminaires. This work resulted in the demonstration of an integrated luminaire prototype of 1000 lumens cool white light output with reflector shaped beams and efficacy of 89.4 lm/W at CCT of 6000oK and CRI of 73; and performance of 903 lumens warm white light output with reflector shaped beams and efficacy of 63.0 lm/W at CCT of 2800oK and CRI of 82. In addition, up to 1275 lumens cool white light output at 114.2 lm/W and 1156 lumens warm white light output at 76.5 lm/W were achieved if the reflector was not used. The success to integrate small area array-based LED designs and address thermal, optical, electrical and mechanical requirements was clearly achieved in these luminaire prototypes with outstanding performance and high efficiency.

Thomas Yuan

2008-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

356

The greenhouse effect: Chicken Little and our response to global warming  

SciTech Connect

In this article the author suggests that global warming studies are ambiguous and have generated a chicken little response in the public and in policymakers. Uncertainties in studies of ocean warming and ozone depletion are discussed as well as the role of other trace gases such as methane, chlorofluorocarbons and nitrogen oxides.

Michaels, P.J.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Cheap coal said top enemy in fighting global warming By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cheap coal said top enemy in fighting global warming By Alister Doyle, Environment Correspondent OSLO, Sept 28 (Reuters) - Cheap coal will be the main enemy in a fight against global warming in the 21st century because high oil prices are likely to encourage a shift to coal before wind or solar power

Calov, Reinhard

358

A mechanism for landocean contrasts in global monsoon trends in a warming climate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A mechanism for land­ocean contrasts in global monsoon trends in a warming climate J. Fasullo of the global monsoon record involves reported decreases in rainfall over land during an era in which the global in the monsoons in a warming climate while bolstering the concept of the global monsoon in the context of shared

Fasullo, John

359

Time-Dependent Internal Energy Budgets of the Tropical Warm Water Pools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The exchange of internal energy between the warm water pools of the tropical oceans and the overlying atmosphere is thought to play a central role in the evolving climate system of the earth. Spatial displacements of the warm water pools are ...

John M. Toole; Huai-Min Zhang; Michael J. Caruso

2004-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

A Comparative Analysis of Global Warming Policies for California's Electricity Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

i A Comparative Analysis of Global Warming Policies for California's Electricity Sector Sara Kamins #12;ii A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL WARMING POLICIES FOR CALIFORNIA'S ELECTRICITY SECTOR By: Sara...................................................................................................................11 1.4. Literature Review on Comparisons of Carbon-Reducing Electricity Policies

Kammen, Daniel M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Variability of warm deep water inflow in a submarine trough on the Amundsen Sea Shelf  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ice shelves in the Amundsen Sea are thinning rapidly, and the main reason for their decline appears to be warm ocean currents circulating below the ice shelves and melting these from below. Ocean currents transport warm dense water onto the ...

A. K. Wĺhlin; O. Kalén; L. Arneborg; G. Björk; G. K. Carvajal; H. K. Ha; T. W. Kim; S. H. Lee; J. H. Lee; C. Stranne

362

White Paper: Measuring the Neutrino Mass Hierarchy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper is a condensation of a report by a committee appointed jointly by the Nuclear Science and Physics Divisions at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The goal of this study was to identify the most promising technique(s) for resolving the neutrino mass hierarchy. For the most part, we have relied on calculations and simulations presented by the proponents of the various experiments. We have included evaluations of the opportunities and challenges for these experiments based on what is available already in the literature.

Cahn, R N; Freedman, S J; Haxton, W C; Kadel, R W; Kolomensky, Yu G; Luk, K B; McDonald, P; Gann, G D Orebi; Poon, A W P

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

White Paper: Measuring the Neutrino Mass Hierarchy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This white paper is a condensation of a report by a committee appointed jointly by the Nuclear Science and Physics Divisions at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The goal of this study was to identify the most promising technique(s) for resolving the neutrino mass hierarchy. For the most part, we have relied on calculations and simulations presented by the proponents of the various experiments. We have included evaluations of the opportunities and challenges for these experiments based on what is available already in the literature.

R. N. Cahn; D. A. Dwyer; S. J. Freedman; W. C. Haxton; R. W. Kadel; Yu. G. Kolomensky; K. B. Luk; P. McDonald; G. D. Orebi Gann; A. W. P. Poon

2013-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course - NERSC Science News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

It's Not Too Late to It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course It's Not Too Late to Change Global Warming's Course Simulations Show That Cuts in Greenhouse Gas Emissions Would Save Arctic Ice, Reduce Sea Level Rise October 27, 2009 | Tags: Climate Research mitigation1.jpg Computer simulations show the extent that average air temperatures at Earth's surface could warm by 2080-2099 compared to 1980-1999, if (top) greenhouse gases emissions continue to climb at current rates, or if (middle) society cuts emissions by 70 percent. In the latter case, temperatures rise by less than 2°C (3.6°F) across nearly all of Earth's populated areas (the bottom panel shows warming averted). However, unchecked emissions could lead to warming of 3°C (5.4°F) or more across parts of Europe, Asia, North America, and Australia. (Image: Geophysical

365

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? February 3, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Many states are getting extreme weather this week, with deep freezes, huge blizzards, and ice storms causing various problems across the country. Such weather can cause us to use energy a bit differently to stay warm and keep things running. Depending on where you are, you may be keeping the faucet dripping (so pipes don't freeze), your furnace might be working overtime in the cold, or you may be spending extra time warming up your car. In extreme conditions, it's important to be safe and take your own home and needs into account when taking these extra measures, while still considering your energy use and costs. For example, are your pipes in a

366

How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? How Do You Stay Warm While Saving Money and Energy in Extreme Weather? February 3, 2011 - 6:30am Addthis Many states are getting extreme weather this week, with deep freezes, huge blizzards, and ice storms causing various problems across the country. Such weather can cause us to use energy a bit differently to stay warm and keep things running. Depending on where you are, you may be keeping the faucet dripping (so pipes don't freeze), your furnace might be working overtime in the cold, or you may be spending extra time warming up your car. In extreme conditions, it's important to be safe and take your own home and needs into account when taking these extra measures, while still considering your energy use and costs. For example, are your pipes in a

367

White House Conference on Global Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

President Clinton has directed the White House office on Environmental Policy to coordinate an interagency process to develop a plan to fulfill the commitment he made in his Earth Day address on April 21, 1993. This plan will become the cornerstone of the Climate Change Plan that will be completed shortly after the Rio Accord enters into force. The Office on Environmental Policy established the Interagency Climate Change Mitigation Group to draw on the expertise of federal agencies including the National Economic Council; the Council of Economic Advisors; the Office of Science and Technology Policy; the Office of Management and Budget; the National Security Council; the Domestic Policy Council; the Environmental Protection Agency; and the Departments of Energy, Transportation, Agriculture, Interior, Treasury, Commerce, and State. Working groups have been established to examine six key policy areas: energy demand, energy supply, joint implementation, methane and other gases, sinks, and transportation. The purpose of the White House Conference on Global Climate Change was to ``tap the real-world experiences`` of diverse participants and seek ideas and information for meeting the President`s goals. During the opening session, senior administration officials defined the challenge ahead and encouraged open and frank conversation about the best possible ways to meet it.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Theory of Neutrinos: A White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During 2004, four divisions of the American Physical Society commissioned a study of neutrino physics to take stock of where the field is at the moment and where it is going in the near and far future. Several working groups looked at various aspects of this vast field. The summary was published as a main report entitled ``The Neutrino Matrix'' accompanied by short 50 page versions of the report of each working group. Theoretical research in this field has been quite extensive and touches many areas and the short 50 page report provided only a brief summary and overview of few of the important points. The theory discussion group felt that it may be of value to the community to publish the entire study as a white paper and the result is the current article. After a brief overview of the present knowledge of neutrino masses and mixing and some popular ways to probe the new physics implied by recent data, the white paper summarizes what can be learned about physics beyond the Standard Model from the various proposed neutrino experiments. It also comments on the impact of the experiments on our understanding of the origin of the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the Universe and the basic nature of neutrino interactions as well as the existence of possible additional neutrinos. Extensive references to original literature are provided.

R. N. Mohapatra; S. Antusch; K. S. Babu; G. Barenboim; M. -C. Chen; S. Davidson; A. de Gouvea; P. de Holanda; B. Dutta; Y. Grossman; A. Joshipura; B. Kayser; J. Kersten; Y. Y. Keum; S. F. King; P. Langacker; M. Lindner; W. Loinaz; I. Masina; I. Mocioiu; S. Mohanty; H. Murayama; S. Pascoli; S. T. Petcov; A. Pilaftsis; P. Ramond; M. Ratz; W. Rodejohann; R. Shrock; T. Takeuchi; T. Underwood; L. Wolfenstein

2005-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

369

White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) White Bear Lake Conservation District (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Solar Wind Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting This statute establishes the White Bear Lake Conservation District, which

370

White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Release New Report on Resiliency of Electric Grid During Natural Disasters White House Council of Economic Advisers and Energy Department Release New Report on Resiliency of...

371

White House Honors Federal Agencies for Saving Taxpayers $133...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

House Honors Federal Agencies for Saving Taxpayers 133 Million in Energy Costs by Increasing Efficiency Measures White House Honors Federal Agencies for Saving Taxpayers 133...

372

White House Launches Plan to Create a Trusted 'Identity ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

White House Launches Plan to Create a Trusted 'Identity Ecosystem' for On-Line Commerce. From NIST Tech Beat: April 26, 2011. ...

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

373

First TMS MGI Fellow Selected for White House Placement  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

09/25 - First TMS MGI Fellow Selected for White House Placement. Maureen Byko The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society Telephone: 800-759-4867, ext.

374

The White House Hosts "Greening America's Congregations through...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

White House Hosts "Greening America's Congregations through Energy Efficiency" Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers...

375

Kootenai River White Sturgeon Investigations, 1995 Annual Report.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was designed to monitor and evaluate the effect of the augmented release of water above minimal flow by Libby Dam for white sturgeon spawning and recruitment.

Paragamian, Vaughn L.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Secretary Moniz at White House Women's Leadership Summit on Climate...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home Secretary Moniz at White House Women's Leadership Summit on Climate and Energy Secretary Moniz at...

377

White Paper Series Using Health Impact Assessments to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Paper Series Using Health Impact Assessments to Evaluate Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans January to conduct HIAs in the Gothenburg Consensus Paper [8] (see http

North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

378

NREL: Technology Transfer - Brilliant White Light with Amber ...  

LED bulbs are the future of lighting for industry, business, and consumers. ... the LED bulbs can make brighter white light with better color more ...

379

White House Meeting Honors New Superior Energy Performance ...  

White House Meeting Honors New Superior Energy Performance Members. December 13, 2013. New Superior Energy Performance (SEP) members 3M Company, ...

380

Modeling-Computer Simulations At White Mountains Area (Goff ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling-Computer Simulations At White Mountains Area (Goff & Decker, 1983) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Modeling-Computer...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Novel Materials for HIgh Efficiency White Phosphorescent OLED  

SciTech Connect

Our program was a materials intensive one, based on preparing new materials for phosphorescent based white organic LEDs (WOLEDs). Each of the principal projects are summarized.

Mark Thompson

2008-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

382

A White-Beam Method to Measure the Lattice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mapping local lattice expansion is usually slower, due to the need to alternate between white and variable-energy monochromatic microbeam. A method was ...

383

White Paper DHS Response to the NIST Cybersecurity ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... NIST RFI in turn, this White Paper summarizes DHS ... Where relevant, this paper also references related DHS ... consider these resources in light of the ...

2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

384

ORISE: White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon event for improving...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Incidents: Common Challenges and Solutions White paper analyzes Deepwater Horizon response, identifies approaches for radiological or nuclear emergency planning The 2010...

385

The Development of Warm Gas Cleanup Technologies for the Removal of Sulfur Containing Species from Steam Hydrogasification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gupta, B. Turk, M. Lesemann. RTI/Eastman warm syngas clean-feasibility analysis of RTI warm gas cleanup(WGCU)reactor was constructed by RTI from DOE-Morgantown gasifier,

Luo, Qian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

How Does the Eye Warm? Part I: A Potential Temperature Budget Analysis of an Idealized Tropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this first part of a two-part study, the mechanisms that accomplish the warming in the eye of tropical cyclones are investigated through a potential temperature budget analysis of an idealized simulation. The spatial structure of warming varies ...

Daniel P. Stern; Fuqing Zhang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Roles of Anomalous Tibetan Plateau Warming on the Severe 2008 Winter Storm in Central-Southern China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Anomalous warming occurred over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) before and during the disastrous freezing rain and heavy snow hitting central and southern China in January 2008. The relationship between the TP warming and this extreme event is ...

Qing Bao; Jing Yang; Yimin Liu; Guoxiong Wu; Bin Wang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Land–Ocean Warming Contrast over a Wide Range of Climates: Convective Quasi-Equilibrium Theory and Idealized Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Surface temperatures increase at a greater rate over land than ocean in simulations and observations of global warming. It has previously been proposed that this land–ocean warming contrast is related to different changes in lapse rates over land ...

Michael P. Byrne; Paul A. O’Gorman

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

White dwarf atmosphere models with Ly-$?$ opacity in the analysis of the white dwarf cooling sequence of NGC 6397  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We discuss the importance of pure hydrogen white dwarf atmosphere models with Ly-$\\rm \\alpha$ far red wing opacity in the analysis of the white dwarf cooling sequence of the globular cluster NGC 6397. Our recently improved atmosphere models account for the previously missing opacity from the Ly-$\\rm \\alpha$ hydrogen line broadened by collisions of the absorbing hydrogen atoms with molecular and atomic hydrogen. These models are the first that well reproduce the UV colors and spectral energy distributions of cool white dwarfs with $T_{\\rm eff}age of NGC 6397 derived from the white dwarf cooling sequence using atmosphere models that do not include the correct Ly-$\\alpha$ opacity is underestimated by $\\sim 0.5$ Gyr. Our analysis shows that it is essential to use white dwarf atmosphere models with Ly-$\\rm \\alpha$ opacity for precise dating of old stellar populations from white dwarf cooling sequences.

Piotr M. Kowalski

2007-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

390

Greenhouse warming potential of candidate gaseous diffusion plant coolants  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary estimate has been made of the greenhouse warming potential (GWP) of coolants under consideration as substitutes for CFC-114 in the gaseous diffusion plants. Coolants are not at present regulated on the basis of GWP, but may well be in the future. Use of c-C{sub 4}F{sub 8} or n-C{sub 4}F{sub 10} is estimated to have three to four times the greenhouse impact of an equivalent use of CFC-114. Neither of the substitutes, of course, would cause any ozone depletion. HCFC-124 (a probable commercial substitute for CFC-114, but not presently under serious consideration due to its relatively high UF{sub 6} reactivity) would have much less greenhouse and ozone depletion impact than CFC-114. The GWP estimates derive from a simple model that approximately reproduces literature values for similar compounds. The major uncertainty in these estimates lies in the atmospheric lifetime, especially of the perfluorocarbon compounds, for which little reliable information exists. In addition to GWP estimates for coolants, the overall greenhouse impact of the gaseous diffusion plants is calculated, including indirect power-related CO{sub 2} emissions. This result is used to compare greenhouse impacts of nuclear- and coal-produced electricity. 11 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

Trowbridge, L.D.

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Global warming projections: Sensitivity to deep ocean mixing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The climatological impact of increases in greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere, despite being a subject of intensive study in recent years, is still very uncertain [1, 2]. One major uncertainty affecting possible climate change that has not received enough attention is the uncertainty in heat uptake by the deep ocean. We analyze the influence of this process and its uncertainty on climate predictions by means of numerical simulations with a 2-dimensional (2D) climate model. In the case of high climate sensitivity, as a result of uncertainty in deep ocean heat uptake, there is more than a factor of two uncertainty in the predicted increase of surface temperature. The corresponding uncertainty in the sea level rise due to thermal expansion is much larger than the uncertainty in the predicted temperature change and is significant even in the case of low climate sensitivity. The uncertainty in the rate of heat uptake by the deep ocean has not been included in the projections of climate change made by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) [1,2]. However, our results show that this uncertainty plays a very important role in defining the ranges ofĘpossible warming and, especially, of sea level rise. To assess the uncertainty we have used a 2-dimensional (zonally averaged) climate model, the MIT 2D model [3,4,5]. This model allows us to

Andrei P. Sokolov; Peter H. Stone

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Sonoluminescence test for equation of state in warm dense matter  

SciTech Connect

In experiments of Single-bubble Sonoluminescence (SBSL), the bubble is heated to temperatures of a few eV in the collapse phase of the oscillation. Our hydrodynamic simulations show that the density inside the bubble can go up to the order of 1 g/cm3, and the electron density due to ionization is 1021 /cm3. So the plasma coupling constant is found to be around 1 and the gas inside the bubble is in the Warm Dense Matter (WDM) regime. We simulate the light emission of SL with an optical model for thermal radiation which takes the finite opacity of the bubble into consideration. The numerical results obtained are compared to the experimental data and found to be very sensitive to the equation of state used. As theories for the equation of state, as well as the opacity data, in the WDM regime are still very uncertain, we propose that SL may be a good low-cost experimental check for the EOS and the opacity data for matter in the WDM regime.

Ng, Siu-Fai; Barnard, J.J.; Leung, P.T.; Yu, S.S.

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

FORMATION OF ORGANIC MOLECULES AND WATER IN WARM DISK ATMOSPHERES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations from Spitzer and ground-based infrared spectroscopy reveal significant diversity in the molecular emission from the inner few AU of T Tauri disks. We explore theoretically the possible origin of this diversity by expanding on our earlier thermal-chemical model of disk atmospheres. We consider how variations in grain settling, X-ray irradiation, accretion-related mechanical heating, and the oxygen-to-carbon ratio can affect the thermal and chemical properties of the atmosphere at 0.25-40 AU. We find that these model parameters can account for many properties of the detected molecular emission. The column density of the warm (200-2000 K) molecular atmosphere is sensitive to grain settling and the efficiency of accretion-related heating, which may account, at least in part, for the large range in molecular emission fluxes that have been observed. The dependence of the atmospheric properties on the model parameters may also help to explain trends that have been reported in the literature between molecular emission strength and mid-infrared color, stellar accretion rate, and disk mass. We discuss whether some of the differences between our model results and the observations (e.g., for water) indicate a role for vertical transport and freezeout in the disk midplane. We also discuss how planetesimal formation in the outer disk (beyond the snowline) may imprint a chemical signature on the inner few AU of the disk and speculate on possible observational tracers of this process.

Najita, Joan R. [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 N. Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States); Adamkovics, Mate; Glassgold, Alfred E. [Astronomy Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2011-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

394

Global warming---The role for nuclear power  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear power is currently making an important contribution to our energy requirements. It provides 17% of the world's electricity today --- almost 20% in the US. Reducing the emissions of carbon dioxide over the next 30 to 50 years sufficiently to address the issue of global warming can only be accomplished by a combination of much improved energy efficiency, substantial growth in use of nuclear power, and substantial growth in use of renewable energy. This paper discusses new initiatives in the major nuclear technologies (LWR, HTGR, LMR) which are emerging from a fundamental reexamination of nuclear power in response to the challenges and opportunities in the 21st century. To fulfill its role, nuclear power must gain worldwide acceptance as a viable energy option. The use of modern technology and passive'' safety features in next-generation nuclear power plants offers the potential to simplify their design and operation, enhance their safety, and reduce the cost of electricity. With such improvements, we believe nuclear power can regain public confidence and make a significant contribution to our energy future. 24 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Jones, J.E. Jr.; Fulkerson, W. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Heat and Mass Budgets of the Warm Upper Layer of the Tropical Atlantic Ocean in 1979–99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mass and heat budgets of the warm upper-ocean layer are investigated in the equatorial Atlantic using in situ observations during the period 1979–99, which encompassed a series of warm events in the equatorial Atlantic. The warm water layer ...

F. Vauclair; Y. du Penhoat; G. Reverdin

2004-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Call for White Papers 2009 Nanometrolgy Nano  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ONR/ONAMI ONR/ONAMI Program on Nanometrology, Nanoelectronics and Nanobiotechnology Call for White Papers 2009 Projects November 21, 2008 Objective The objective of this solicitation is to identify projects that can be funded under the ONAMI FY2009 Nanometrology, Nanoelectronics and Nanobiotechnology congressional interest initiative. These projects should address the goals of the initiative and relate to the research needs of ONR (the sponsor of this initiative) and lead to significant external funding in the future. Background In FY2006 the Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute (ONAMI) was awarded $2.5M to establish the Nanometrology and Nanoelectronics Initiative, now the Nanometrology, Nanoelectronics and Nanobiotechnology Initiative (N 3 I). The technical sponsor for this project is the Office of Naval Research. Working with ONR, ONAMI selected 21 proposals

397

White Mountain Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Project Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: White Mountain Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 44.571666666667°, -114.47916666667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":44.571666666667,"lon":-114.47916666667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

398

White Energy Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Ltd Energy Ltd Place Dallas, Texas Zip 75240 Product White Energy plans to invest in the development, acquisition and construction of biofuel plants in the USA. Coordinates 32.778155°, -96.795404° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":32.778155,"lon":-96.795404,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

399

Erosion of white cast irons and stellite  

SciTech Connect

The erosion behavior of dual-phase alloys containing large, hard carbides has been investigated. A series of high Cr-Mo white cast irons with a systematic variation of carbide volume fraction (CVF) and powder metallurgy specimens of Stellite 6 were eroded with alumina, crushed quartz and rounded quartz particles. These erodents were chosen because quartz has a hardness between that of the matrix and the Cr-rich carbides, whereas the hardness of alumina is comparable to that of the carbides. In addition, comparison of the results with crushed quartz and alumina allows an evaluation of the effect of particle hardness while the differences between the rounded and crushed quartz results can be attributed to the shape difference. For all erodents and alloys, the dependence of erosion on angle of incidence was weak. With alumina and rounded quartz erodents, the erosion rate increased with increasing CVF, while the reverse was true with crushed quartz. The crushed quartz erodent gave an erosion rate only slightly lower than that of alumina, indicating that the carbide erosion resistance is not a strong function of erodent particle hardness in this range of hardness. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) observations of the eroded surfaces showed that erosion of the highest-CVF white cast iron alloy with alumina or rounded quartz resulted in depression of the large primary carbides, while with crushed quartz many of the carbides protruded above the matrix. The SEM and erosion rate observations show that with crushed quartz the carbides are more erosion resistant than the eutectic matrix and that the carbides therfore contribute to erosion resistance, while with the other erodents the reverse is true. 17 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Aptekar, S.S.; Kosel, T.H.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Effects of warming on the structure and function of a boreal black spruce forest  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A strong argument can be made that there is a greater need to study the effect of warming on boreal forests more than on any other terrestrial biome. Boreal forests, the second largest forest biome, are predicted to experience the greatest warming of any forest biome in the world, but a process-based understanding of how warming will affect the structure and function of this economically and ecologically important forest biome is lacking. The effects of warming on species composition, canopy structure and biogeochemical cycles are likely to be complex; elucidating the underlying mechanisms will require long-term whole-ecosystem manipulation to capture all the complex feedbacks (Shaver et al. 2000, Rustad et al. 2001, Stromgren 2001). The DOE Program for Ecosystem Research funded a three year project (2002-2005) to use replicated heated chambers on soil warming plots in northern Manitoba to examine the direct effects of whole-ecosystem warming. We are nearing completion of our first growing season of measurements (fall 2004). In spite of the unforeseen difficulty of installing the heating cable, our heating and irrigation systems worked extremely well, maintaining environmental conditions within 5-10% of the specified design 99% of the time. Preliminary data from these systems, all designed and built by our laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, support our overall hypothesis that warming will increase the carbon sink strength of upland boreal black spruce forests. I request an additional three years of funding to continue addressing the original objectives: (1) Examine the effect of warming on phenology of overstory, understory and bryophyte strata. Sap flux systems and dendrometer bands, monitored by data loggers, will be used to quantify changes in phenology and water use. (2) Quantify the effects of warming on nitrogen and water use by overstory, understory and bryophytes. (3) Compare effects of warming on autotrophic respiration and above- and belowground net primary production (NPP) budgets. Autotrophic respiration budgets will be constructed using chamber measurements for each tissue and NPP and standard allometry techniques (Gower et al. 1999). (4) Compare microbial and root dynamics, and net soil surface CO2 flux, of control and warmed soils to identify causes that may explain the hypothesized minimal effect of soil warming on soil surface CO2 flux. Fine root production and turnover will be quantified using minirhizotrons, and microbial dynamics will be determined using laboratory mineralization incubations. Soil surface CO2 flux will be measured using automated soil surface CO2 flux systems and portable CO2 analyzers. The proposed study builds on the existing research programs Gower has in northern Manitoba and would not be possible without in-kind services and financial support from Manitoba Hydro and University of Wisconsin.

Stith T.Gower

2010-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Element abundances in cool white dwarfs. II. Ultraviolet observations of DZ white dwarfs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a small data base of homogeneously derived photospheric element abundances of DZ white dwarfs and related objects. Our previous investigations are supplemented with the analysis of ultraviolet spectra for nine white dwarfs. Of particular interest is the detection of Lalpha absorption in van Maanen 2 and a determination of the effective temperature of this star. The new value is about 1000K lower than previous results due to the strong ultraviolet absorption by metals which has to be considered consistently. The metal abundances of our sample stars are compatible with the predictions from the two-phase accretion model of Dupuis et al. (1992, 1993). Small deviations can be observed for the abundance ratios in some objects. This could indicate non-solar metal-to-metal ratios in the accreted material. Hydrogen can be detected in virtually all of our objects. However, its average accretion rate must be at least two orders of magnitude lower than the metal accretion rate.

B. Wolff; D. Koester; J. Liebert

2002-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

402

Revision: October 2013 White Papers on Materials for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revision: October 2013 White Papers on Materials for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting, Wooni Choi, Muhammad N. Huda, Su-Huai Wei DOE PEC Working Group #12;Revision: October 2013 PEC White Papers: III-V Semiconductors for PEC III-V semiconductor systems for high-efficiency solar water

403

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program White Paper CLIMATE VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate Change Center JULY 2012 CEC DISCLAIMER This paper was prepared as the result of work sponsored by the California Energy Commission

Kammen, Daniel M.

404

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program White Paper  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program White Paper COASTAL FLOODINGPOTENTIAL PROJECTIONS: 2000­2100 A White Paper from the California Energy Commission's California Climate This paper was prepared as the result of work sponsored by the California Energy Commission. It does

Bromirski, Peter D.

405

DISCOVERY OF MOLECULAR HYDROGEN IN WHITE DWARF ATMOSPHERES  

SciTech Connect

With the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope, we have detected molecular hydrogen in the atmospheres of three white dwarfs with effective temperatures below 14,000 K, G29-38, GD 133, and GD 31. This discovery provides new independent constraints on the stellar temperature and surface gravity of white dwarfs.

Xu, S.; Jura, M.; Klein, B.; Zuckerman, B. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1562 (United States); Koester, D., E-mail: sxu@astro.ucla.edu, E-mail: jura@astro.ucla.edu, E-mail: kleinb@astro.ucla.edu, E-mail: ben@astro.ucla.edu, E-mail: koester@astrophysik.uni-kiel.de [Institut fur Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, University of Kiel, D-24098 Kiel (Germany)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

SNOUT DIMORPHISM IN WHITE STURGEON, ACIPENSER TRANSMONTANUS, FROM THE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SNOUT DIMORPHISM IN WHITE STURGEON, ACIPENSER TRANSMONTANUS, FROM THE COLUMBIA RIVER AT HANFORD and adult white sturgeon in the Hanford reach of the Columbia River. Materials and Methods Sturgeon were not been reported in other areas of the species range. The occurrence of this dimorphism at Hanford may

407

White House Champions of Change Recognizes Solar Innovator | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Champions of Change Recognizes Solar Innovator White House Champions of Change Recognizes Solar Innovator White House Champions of Change Recognizes Solar Innovator June 10, 2013 - 4:30pm Addthis Dr. Siva Sivananthan at the Sivananthan Laboratories in Bolingbrook, Illinois. | Photo courtesy of Megan Strand, UIC Dr. Siva Sivananthan at the Sivananthan Laboratories in Bolingbrook, Illinois. | Photo courtesy of Megan Strand, UIC Minh Le Minh Le Program Manager, Solar Program What are the key facts? Dr. Sivananthan, a 2009 SunShot Incubator awardee, was recently recognized by the White House as part of the Immigrant Innovator Champions of Change initiative. Dr. Sivananthan's solar research helps to advance the SunShot Initiative's goals of achieving cost-competitive solar by the end of the decade. Recently recognized by the White House, one awardee of the Energy

408

The White House Goes Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The White House Goes Solar The White House Goes Solar The White House Goes Solar October 5, 2010 - 9:53am Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy As you know, President Obama has a strong commitment to American leadership in solar technologies and the jobs they will create. Through the Recovery Act, we're supporting the deployment of today's solar technologies. And we will double our renewable energy generation capacity by 2012. We're also investing in the next generation of solar power through the R&D programs at the Department of Energy. Today, we're taking an important next step. As we move toward a clean energy economy, the White House will lead by example. I'm pleased to announce that, by the end of this spring, there will be solar panels and a solar hot water heater on the roof of the White House.

409

Floodplain and wetlands assessment of the White Oak Creek Embayment  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the proposed methods for dealing with contaminants that have accumulated in White Oak Creek, White Oak Lake, and the White Oak Creek Embayment as a result of process releases and discharges from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Alternative methods of cleaning up the area which were considered in accordance with regulatory guidelines are listed, and information supporting the selected methods is provided. Also included are results of a site survey conducted at the White Oak Creek Embayment and the expected effects of the proposed control structures on the floodplain and wetlands. The appendix contains figures showing the nine cross-sections of the stream channel surveyed during studies of the White Oak Creek area.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

The White House Goes Solar | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The White House Goes Solar The White House Goes Solar The White House Goes Solar October 5, 2010 - 9:53am Addthis Secretary Chu Secretary Chu Former Secretary of Energy As you know, President Obama has a strong commitment to American leadership in solar technologies and the jobs they will create. Through the Recovery Act, we're supporting the deployment of today's solar technologies. And we will double our renewable energy generation capacity by 2012. We're also investing in the next generation of solar power through the R&D programs at the Department of Energy. Today, we're taking an important next step. As we move toward a clean energy economy, the White House will lead by example. I'm pleased to announce that, by the end of this spring, there will be solar panels and a solar hot water heater on the roof of the White House.

411

White House Forum on Minorities in Energy | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Forum on Minorities in Energy White House Forum on Minorities in Energy White House Forum on Minorities in Energy Addthis 1 of 13 Secretary Moniz, Ambassadors of the Minorities in Energy Initiative, and panelists attend the White House Forum on Minorities in Energy. The Minorities in Energy Initiative, run by the Energy Department's Office of Economic Impact and Diversity, seeks to empower businesses, communities, schools and individuals to partake in the technical, procurement, engagement, workforce and energy literacy resources of the Department of Energy and the energy sector overall. Image: Matty Greene, Energy Department. 2 of 13 Nina Davuluri (second from the right), Ambassador for the Minorities in Energy Initiative and Miss America 2014, participates in the White House Forum on Minorities in Energy.

412

White Paper on Closer Integration of IDV and McIDAS-V This White Paper presents a series of recommendations to more closely align the development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

White Paper on Closer Integration of IDV and McIDAS-V Abstract: This White Paper presents a series benefit. This White Paper asserts that by working together, the two projects can combine their talent's next generation operational satellite programs and from fees collected from the MUG members. This White

413

Comments on [open quotes]Global warming: A reduced threat [close quotes] by P. J. Michaels and D. E. Stooksbury  

SciTech Connect

The author of this letter criticizes Michaels and Stooksbury (1992) for arguing that, because climate models predict more warming for the last century than has been observed, the model predictions of major greenhouse warming must be wrong. It is the position of the author that this is not a valid argument, although the warming may have been relatively mild. In this letter, the author defends the belief that the magnitude of the recent warming actually tells very little about the sensitivity of the climate system to greenhouse gas emissions. Reasons for the warming observed over the last hundred years are summarized. 4 refs.

Duffy, P.B. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

DOE's Energy Savers Website Helps Consumers "Stay Warm, Save Money" |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Savers Website Helps Consumers "Stay Warm, Save Money" Energy Savers Website Helps Consumers "Stay Warm, Save Money" DOE's Energy Savers Website Helps Consumers "Stay Warm, Save Money" October 1, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis DOE Helps Americans Be Energy Efficient at Home and Save on Energy Costs WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today, on the first day of Energy Awareness Month, launched the Stay Warm, Save Money website and educational outreach campaign to help consumers be more energy efficient and save on energy costs. The information focuses on proactive ways to implement simple, cost-effective, energy saving solutions for both homes and businesses this winter and will expand to year-round home energy efficient tips. The site also features the Department's work to develop

415

A New Visibility Parameterization for Warm-Fog Applications in Numerical Weather Prediction Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this work is to suggest a new warm-fog visibility parameterization scheme for numerical weather prediction (NWP) models. In situ observations collected during the Radiation and Aerosol Cloud Experiment, representing boundary ...

I. Gultepe; M. D. Müller; Z. Boybeyi

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Ocean Heat Transport as a Cause for Model Uncertainty in Projected Arctic Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Arctic climate is governed by complex interactions and feedback mechanisms between the atmosphere, ocean, and solar radiation. One of its characteristic features, the Arctic sea ice, is very vulnerable to anthropogenically caused warming. ...

Irina Mahlstein; Reto Knutti

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Inferring Climate Change from Underground Temperatures: Apparent Climatic Stability and Apparent Climatic Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data are used to demonstrate two effects apparent in ground surface temperature histories coming from inversions of borehole temperatures: apparent climatic warming and apparent climatic stability. Unrecognized local terrain effects, such as ...

Trevor Lewis; Walter Skinner

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

NOGAPS-ALPHA Simulations of the 2002 Southern Hemisphere Stratospheric Major Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-altitude version of the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (NOGAPS) spectral forecast model is used to simulate the unusual September 2002 Southern Hemisphere stratospheric major warming. Designated as NOGAPS-Advanced ...

Douglas R. Allen; Lawrence Coy; Stephen D. Eckermann; John P. McCormack; Gloria L. Manney; Timothy F. Hogan; Young-Joon Kim

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Effect of Aerosol on the Susceptibility and Efficiency of Precipitation in Warm Trade Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulations of warm, trade wind cumulus clouds are conducted for a range of aerosol conditions with a focus on precipitating clouds. Individual clouds are tracked over the course of their lifetimes. Precipitation rate decreases ...

Hongli Jiang; Graham Feingold; Armin Sorooshian

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Probing the Fast and Slow Components of Global Warming by Returning Abruptly to Preindustrial Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fast and slow components of global warming in a comprehensive climate model are isolated by examining the response to an instantaneous return to preindustrial forcing. The response is characterized by an initial fast exponential decay with an ...

Isaac M. Held; Michael Winton; Ken Takahashi; Thomas Delworth; Fanrong Zeng; Geoffrey K. Vallis

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Decadal Fluctuations in Planetary Wave Forcing Modulate Global Warming in Late Boreal Winter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The warming trend in global surface temperatures over the last 40 yr is clear and consistent with anthropogenic increases in greenhouse gases. Over the last 2 decades, this trend appears to have accelerated. In contrast to this general behavior, ...

Judah Cohen; Mathew Barlow; Kazuyuki Saito

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Understanding Land–Sea Warming Contrast in Response to Increasing Greenhouse Gases. Part I: Transient Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Climate model simulations consistently show that surface temperature over land increases more rapidly than over sea in response to greenhouse gas forcing. The enhanced warming over land is not simply a transient effect caused by the land–sea ...

Buwen Dong; Jonathan M. Gregory; Rowan T. Sutton

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the equatorial Indian Ocean climate to global warming is investigated using model outputs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report. In all of the analyzed climate models, the SSTs ...

Chie Ihara; Yochanan Kushnir; Mark A. Cane; Victor H. de la Peńa

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Results of the Thailand Warm-Cloud Hygroscopic Particle Seeding Experiment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A randomized, warm-rain enhancement experiment was carried out during 1995–98 in the Bhumibol catchment area in northwestern Thailand. The experiment was conducted in accordance with a randomized, floating single–target design. The seeding ...

Bernard A. Silverman; Wathana Sukarnjanaset

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

A Coupled Theory of Tropical Climatology: Warm Pool, Cold Tongue, and Walker Circulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on results from analytic and general circulation models, the authors propose a theory for the coupled warm pool, cold tongue, and Walker circulation system. The intensity of the coupled system is determined by the coupling strength, the ...

Zhengyu Liu; Boyin Huang

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Pre- and Post-1997/98 Westerly Wind Events and Equatorial Pacific Cold Tongue Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Westerly wind events (WWEs) in the western equatorial Pacific have previously been shown to cause significant warming of sea surface temperature (SST) in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Observational statistics compiled during and prior to the ...

D. E. Harrison; A. M. Chiodi

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Mechanisms for Tropical Tropospheric Circulation Change in Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual-mean tropospheric circulation change in global warming is studied by comparing the response of an atmospheric general circulation model (GCM) to a spatial-uniform sea surface temperature (SST) increase (SUSI) with the response of a ...

Jian Ma; Shang-Ping Xie; Yu Kosaka

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

A Statistical Procedure to Forecast Warm Season Lightning over Portions of the Florida Peninsula  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sixteen years of cloud-to-ground lightning data from the National Lightning Detection Network and morning radiosonde-derived parameters are used to develop a statistical scheme to provide improved forecast guidance for warm season afternoon and ...

Phillip E. Shafer; Henry E. Fuelberg

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

The Dynamic Response of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets to Multiple-Century Climatic Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New calculations were performed to investigate the combined response of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets to a range of climatic warming scenarios over the next millennium. Use was made of fully dynamic 3D thermomechanic ice sheet models, ...

Philippe Huybrechts; Jan de Wolde

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Reasons for Larger Warming Projections in the IPCC Third Assessment Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projections of future warming in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Third Assessment Report (TAR) are substantially larger than those in the Second Assessment Report (SAR). The reasons for these differences are documented and ...

T. M. L. Wigley; S. C. B. Raper

2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

The Orographic Modulation of Pre-Warm-Front Precipitation in Southern New England  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topographic forcing over the hills and small mountains of southern New England plays an important role in determining the distribution of pre-warm-front precipitation from winter cyclones. Upslope regions receive 20–60% more precipitation than do ...

Richard E. Passarelli Jr.; Hannah Boehme

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Propagation and Diurnal Evolution of Warm Season Cloudiness in the Australian and Maritime Continent Region  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warm season cold cloud-top climatology in the Austral–Indonesian region is examined for evidence of propagating modes of precipitation that originate from elevated heat sources and the diurnal heating cycle. Using satellite-inferred cloudiness ...

T. D. Keenan; R. E. Carbone

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Interactions of Cold- and Warm-Core Rings with Environmental Shear  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-layer analytical model of cold- and warm-core rings has been constructed to explore steady interactions of isolated eddies with horizontally sheared flows around and below the eddies. Steady inviscid solutions to the quasi-geostrophic ...

Doron Nof; Chuan Shi

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Stratospheric Sudden Warmings as Self-Tuning Resonances. Part I: Vortex Splitting Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fundamental dynamics of “vortex splitting” stratospheric sudden warmings (SSWs), which are known to be predominantly barotropic in nature, are reexamined using an idealized single-layer f-plane model of the polar vortex. The aim is to ...

N. Joss Matthewman; J. G. Esler

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

The Role of Giant and Ultragiant Aerosol Particles in Warm Rain Initiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Giant and ultragiant aerosol particles can play an important role in warm rain initiation. Recent aerosol measurements have established that particles as large as 100 ?m are a regular part of the atmospheric aerosol. When ingested in growing ...

David B. Johnson

1982-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Changes in Interannual Variability and Decadal Potential Predictability under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Global warming will result in changes in mean temperature and precipitation distributions and is also expected to affect interannual and longer time-scale internally generated variability as a consequence of changes in climate processes and ...

G. J. Boer

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Atlantic Warm-Pool Variability in the IPCC AR4 CGCM Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates Atlantic warm pool (AWP) variability in the twentieth century and preindustrial simulations of coupled GCMs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (AR4). In the twentieth-...

Hailong Liu; Chunzai Wang; Sang-Ki Lee; David Enfield

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

“Climategate” Undermined Belief in Global Warming Among Many American TV Meteorologists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Television (TV) meteorologists are a potentially important source of informal climate change education in that most American adults watch local TV news and consider TV weather reporters to be a trusted source of global warming information. In ...

Edward Maibach; James Witte; Kristopher Wilson

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Mechanisms for the Interannual Variability of SST in the East Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In comparison with the western and equatorial Pacific Ocean, relatively little is known about the east Pacific warm pool (EPWP). Observations indicate that the interannual variability of sea surface temperature (SST) in the EPWP is highly ...

Kristopher B. Karnauskas; Antonio J. Busalacchi

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Increased Occurrence of Stratospheric Sudden Warmings during El Nińo as Simulated by WACCM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Experiments with Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM) under perpetual January conditions indicate that stratospheric sudden warmings (SSWs) are twice as likely to occur in El Nińo winters than in La Nińa winters, in basic agreement ...

Masakazu Taguchi; Dennis L. Hartmann

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Constraining the Ratio of Global Warming to Cumulative CO2 Emissions Using CMIP5 Simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ratio of warming to cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide has been shown to be approximately independent of time and emissions scenarios and directly relates emissions to temperature. It is therefore a potentially important tool for climate ...

Nathan P. Gillett; Vivek K. Arora; Damon Matthews; Myles R. Allen

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Pacific Warm Pool Temperature Regulation during TOGA COARE: Upper Ocean Feedback  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hasselmann feedback model was applied to hindcast western Pacific warm pool sea surface temperatures (SST) with heat flux observations obtained near 2°S, 156°E from October 1992 to February 1993 during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere ...

Gary S. E. Lagerloef; Roger Lukas; Robert A. Weller; Steven P. Anderson

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Constraining the ratio of global warming to cumulative CO2 emissions using CMIP5 simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ratio of warming to cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide has been shown to be approximately independent of time and emissions scenario, and directly relates emissions to temperature. It is therefore a potentially important tool for climate ...

Nathan P. Gillett; Vivek K. Arora; Damon Matthews; Myles R. Allen

444

Amazonian Deforestation: Impact of Global Warming on the Energy Balance and Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A coupled biosphere–atmosphere statistical–dynamical model is used to study the relative roles of the impact of the land change caused by tropical deforestation and global warming on energy balance and climate. Three experiments were made: 1) ...

E. C. Moraes; Sergio H. Franchito; V. Brahmananda Rao

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Mesoscale Generation of Available Potential Energy in the Warm Sector of an Extratropical Cyclone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Generation of available potential energy (APE) is computed for the warm sector of an extratropical cyclone containing intense convection. Three hourly mesoscale rawinsonde data from the 10–11 April day of AVESESAME 1979 are used to evaluate ...

Henry E. Fuelberg; Mark G. Ruminski; David O'C. Starr

1985-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Multiparameter Radar and Aircraft Study of Raindrop Spectral Evolution in Warm-based Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radar measurements of reflectivity differential reflectivity, and X-band (3-cm wavelength) specific attenuation are used to inter some microphysical characteristics of warm-based convective clouds with emphasis on raindrop spectral evolution. The ...

V. N. Bringi; D. A. Burrows; S. M. Menon

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Simulation of the Tropical Pacific Warm Pool with the NCAR Climate System Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The simulation of the tropical western Pacific warm pool is explored with the NCAR Climate System Model (CSM). The simulated sea surface temperatures in the Pacific basin have biases that are similar to other coupled model simulations in this ...

J. T. Kiehl

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Interannual Variability in Warm Water Volume Transports in the Equatorial Pacific during 1993–99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous studies have indicated that the volume of warm water (WWV) in the equatorial Pacific is intrinsically related to the dynamics of the El Nińo–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycle. A gridded subsurface temperature dataset, which incorporates ...

Christopher S. Meinen; Michael J. McPhaden

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Regional Tropical Precipitation Change Mechanisms in ECHAM4/OPYC3 under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mechanisms of global warming impacts on regional tropical precipitation are examined in a coupled atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (ECHAM4/OPYC3). The pattern of the regional tropical precipitation changes, once established, tends to ...

Chia Chou; J. David Neelin; Jien-Yi Tu; Cheng-Ta Chen

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Heat Balance in the Pacific Warm Pool Atmosphere during TOGA COARE and CEPEX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The atmosphere above the western equatorial Pacific warm pool (WP) is an important source for the dynamic and thermodynamic forcing of the atmospheric general circulation. This study uses a high-resolution reanalysis and several observational ...

Baijun Tian; Guang Jun Zhang; V. Ramanathan

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Multiwavelength WHAM Observations of Extra-planar Warm Ionized Gas in the Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We report on observations of several optical emission lines toward a variety of newly revealed faint, large-scale H?-emitting structures in the warm ionized medium (WIM) of the Galaxy. The lines include [N II] ?6583,

G. J. Madsen

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Warming of the North Pacific Ocean: Local Air–Sea Coupling and Remote Climatic Impacts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, global climatic response to the North Pacific oceanic warming is investigated in a series of coupled ocean–atmosphere modeling experiments. In the model, an idealized heating is imposed over the North Pacific Ocean, while the ocean ...

Lixin Wu; Chun Li

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

The Effect of Irrigation on Warm Season Precipitation in the Southern Great Plains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The synoptic and subsynoptic atmospheric processes that accompany statistically determined periods of irrigation-induced rainfall increases during the warm season in the Texas Panhandle are examined. Major results are as follows.

Anthony G. Barnston; Paul T. Schickedanz

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Cold and Warm Frontal Circulations in an Idealized Moist Semigeostrophic Baroclinic Wave  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnoses are presented of the three-dimensional vertical circulation for a coupled cold-warm frontal system in an idealized moist semi-geostrophic (SG) baroclinic wave. The vertical circulation is computed in SG space where the solution ...

Qin Xu

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Different Pacific Ocean Warming Decaying Types and Northwest Pacific Tropical Cyclone Activity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study focuses on statistical analysis of anomalous TC activities and the physical mechanisms behind these anomalies. Different patterns of decaying of the warm sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) over the equatorial central-eastern Pacific ...

Yao Ha; Zhong Zhong; Xiuqun Yang; Yuan Sun

456

Improving Quantitative Precipitation Forecasts in the Warm Season: A USWRP Research and Development Strategy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Warm-season quantitative precipitation forecasts (QPFs) are the poorest performance area of forecast systems worldwide. They stubbornly fall further behind while other aspects of weather prediction steadily improve. Unless a major effort is ...

J. Michael Fritsch; R. E. Carbone

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Modulation of the Diurnal Cycle of Warm-Season Precipitation by Short-Wave Troughs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traveling deep tropospheric disturbances of wavelengths ~1500 km (short waves) have long been known to play an important role in the initiation and maintenance of warm-season convection. To date, relatively few studies have formally documented the ...

John D. Tuttle; Chris A. Davis

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Mechanisms of Thermohaline Mode Switching with Application to Warm Equable Climates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A three-box model of haline and thermal mode overturning is developed to study thermohaline oscillations found in a number of ocean general circulation models and that might have occurred in warm equable paleoclimates. By including convective ...

Rong Zhang; Michael Follows; John Marshall

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

A Numerical Modeling Study of Warm Offshore Flow over Cool Water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical simulations of boundary layer evolution in offshore flow of warm air over cool water are conducted and compared with aircraft observations of mean and turbulent fields made at Duck, North Carolina. Two models are used: a two-dimensional,...

Eric D. Skyllingstad; Roger M. Samelson; Larry Mahrt; Phil Barbour

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Planetary Wave Breaking and Tropospheric Forcing as Seen in the Stratospheric Sudden Warming of 2006  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major stratospheric sudden warming (SSW) of January 2006 is examined using meteorological fields from Goddard Earth Observing System version 4 (GEOS-4) analyses and forecast fields from the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction ...

Lawrence Coy; Stephen Eckermann; Karl Hoppel

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Modeling Study of Ice Formation in Warm-Based Precipitating Shallow Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Observations of large concentrations of ice particles in the dissipating stage of warm-based precipitating shallow cumulus clouds point to the limitations of scientists’ understanding of the physics of such clouds and the possible role of cloud ...

Jiming Sun; Parisa A. Ariya; Henry G. Leighton; Man Kong Yau

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Propagation and Selective Transmission of Internal Gravity Waves in a Sudden Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Longitudinally asymmetric features of gravity wave propagation in a sudden warming are examined theoretically, using observed geostrophic wind fields in the stratosphere for three days of winter 1979. It is shown that the wind patterns ...

Timothy J. Dunkerton; Neal Butchart

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Households to pay more than expected to stay warm this winter  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

stay warm this winter Following a colder-than-expected November, U.S. households are forecast to consume more heating fuels than previously expected....resulting in higher heating...

464

Climatology of Warm Boundary Layer Clouds at the ARM SGP Site and Their Comparison to Models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 4-yr climatology (1997–2000) of warm boundary layer cloud properties is developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. Parameters in the climatology include cloud ...

Manajit Sengupta; Eugene E. Clothiaux; Thomas P. Ackerman

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Multiscale Temporal Variability of Warm-Season Precipitation over North America: Statistical Analysis of Radar Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Directionally averaged time series of precipitation rates for eight warm seasons (1996–2003) over the continental United States derived from Next Generation Weather Radar (NEXRAD) measurements are analyzed using spectral decomposition methods. ...

Hsiao-ming Hsu; Mitchell W. Moncrieff; Wen-wen Tung; Changhai Liu

2006-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Convection and Easterly Wave Structures Observed in the Eastern Pacific Warm Pool during EPIC-2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During September–October 2001, the East Pacific Investigation of Climate Processes in the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere System (EPIC-2001) intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) field campaign focused on studies of deep convection in the warm-pool ...

Walter A. Petersen; Robert Cifelli; Dennis J. Boccippio; Steven A. Rutledge; Chris Fairall

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Energy and environmental policy and electric utilities' choice under uncertain global warming  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper reviews and discusses uncertainty about global warming science, impact on society. It also discusses what assumptions have been made and how appropriate the assumptions in scenarios have been for estimating global ...

Takahashi, Masaki

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Does Increased Predicted Warm-Season Rainfall Indicate Enhanced Likelihood of Rain Occurrence?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The likelihood of simulated rainfall above a specified threshold being observed is evaluated as a function of the amounts predicted by two mesoscale models. Evaluations are performed for 20 warm-season mesoscale convective system events over the ...

William A. Gallus Jr.; Moti Segal

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

What Drives the Seasonal Onset and Decay of the Western Hemisphere Warm Pool?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The annual heat budget of the Western Hemisphere warm pool (WHWP) is explored using the output of an ocean general circulation model (OGCM) simulation. According to the analysis, the WHWP cannot be considered as a monolithic whole with a single ...

S-K. Lee; D. B. Enfield; C. Wang

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Tracking Soil Microbes' Response to Long-Term Warming | U.S....  

Office of Science (SC) Website

University of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824 serita.frey@unh.edu Funding This work, including maintenance of the long-term soil warming experiments, was supported by a...

471

California Winter Precipitation Change under Global Warming in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 Ensemble  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Projections of possible precipitation change in California under global warming have been subject to considerable uncertainty because California lies between the region anticipated to undergo increases in precipitation at mid-to-high latitudes and ...

J. David Neelin; Baird Langenbrunner; Joyce E. Meyerson; Alex Hall; Neil Berg

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Global warming, energy efficiency and the role of the built environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis attempts to explore the relationships between the Buildings Sector, energy efficiency and global warming. Through a qualitative analysis the author illustrates the connection between these three areas and shows ...

DiBona, Donna K

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Interannual Variability in the Southern Hemisphere Circulation Organized by Stratospheric Final Warming Events  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A composite observational analysis is presented demonstrating that austral stratospheric final warming (SFW) events provide a substantial organizing influence upon the large-scale atmospheric circulation in the Southern Hemisphere. In particular, ...

Robert X. Black; Brent A. McDaniel

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Emission Scenario Dependency of Precipitation on Global Warming in the MIROC3.2 Model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The precipitation sensitivity per 1 K of global warming in twenty-first-century climate projections is smaller in an emission scenario with larger greenhouse gas concentrations and aerosol emissions, according to the Model for Interdisciplinary ...

Hideo Shiogama; Seita Emori; Kiyoshi Takahashi; Tatsuya Nagashima; Tomoo Ogura; Toru Nozawa; Toshihiko Takemura

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

A Possible Constraint on Regional Precipitation Intensity Changes under Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Changes in daily precipitation versus intensity under a global warming scenario in two regional climate simulations of the United States show a well-recognized feature of more intense precipitation. More important, by resolving the precipitation ...

W. J. Gutowski Jr.; E. S. Takle; K. A. Kozak; J. C. Patton; R. W. Arritt; J. H. Christensen

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

A Numerical Study of the Warm Rain Process in Orographic Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique for numerical simulation of a stationary, two-dimensional laminar flow process is described. Based on this technique, a model for warm rain microphysics in an orographic cloud was developed. The model includes condensation, ...

Naihui Song; John Marwitz

1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Synoptic typing and precursors of heavy warm-season precipitation events at Montreal, Quebec  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A precipitation climatology is compiled for warm-season events at Montreal, Quebec using 6-h precipitation data. 1663 events are recorded and partitioned into three intensity categories (heavy, moderate, and light), based on percentile ranges.

Shawn M. Milrad; Eyad H. Atallah; John R. Gyakum; Giselle Dookhie

478

Fast and Slow Response to Global Warming: Sea Surface Temperature and Precipitation Patterns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The time-dependent response of sea surface temperature (SST) to global warming and the associated atmospheric changes are investigated based on a 1% year-1 CO2 increase to quadrupling experiment of the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory climate ...

Shang-Min Long; Shang-Ping Xie; Xiao-Tong Zheng; Qinyu Liu

479

Simulations of Dynamics and Transport during the September 2002 Antarctic Major Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A mechanistic model simulation initialized on 14 September 2002, forced by 100-hPa geopotential heights from Met Office analyses, reproduced the dynamical features of the 2002 Antarctic major warming. The vortex split on 25 September; recovery ...

Gloria L. Manney; Joseph L. Sabutis; Douglas R. Allen; William A. Lahoz; Adam A. Scaife; Cora E. Randall; Steven Pawson; Barbara Naujokat; Richard Swinbank

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

A Dynamical Interpretation of the Poleward Shift of the Jet Streams in Global Warming Scenarios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The role played by enhanced upper-tropospheric baroclinicity in the poleward shift of the jet streams in global warming scenarios is investigated. Major differences between the twentieth- and twenty-first-century simulations are first detailed ...

Gwendal Rivičre

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lumen warm white" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Numerical Studies of Major and Minor Stratospheric Warmings Caused by Orographic Forcing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A primitive equation spectral model using spherical harmonics is formulated to study dynamic interactions between the troposphere and stratosphere in association with sudden stratospheric warmings. Using sigma coordinates for five tropospheric ...

J. P. Koermer; A. Kasahara; S. K. Kao

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Increased Runoff from Melt from the Greenland Ice Sheet: A Response to Global Warming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors attribute significantly increased Greenland summer warmth and Greenland Ice Sheet melt and runoff since 1990 to global warming. Southern Greenland coastal and Northern Hemisphere summer temperatures were uncorrelated between the 1960s ...

Edward Hanna; Philippe Huybrechts; Konrad Steffen; John Cappelen; Russell Huff; Christopher Shuman; Tristram Irvine-Fynn; Stephen Wise; Michael Griffiths

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Multiscale Variability of the Atmospheric Mixed Layer over the Western Pacific Warm Pool  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sounding data from Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) have provided a first opportunity to document the variability of the atmospheric mixed layer over the western Pacific warm pool on ...

Richard H. Johnson; Paul E. Ciesielski; Jennifer A. Cotturone

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Simulations of the February 1979 Stratospheric Sudden Warming: Model Comparisons and Three-Dimensional Evolution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of the stratospheric flow during the major stratospheric sudden warming of February 1979 is studied using two primitive equation models of the stratosphere and mesosphere. The United Kingdom Meteorological Office Stratosphere-...

G. L. Manney; J. D. Farrara; C. R. Mechoso

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Comments on “Why Hasn’t Earth Warmed as Much as Expected?”  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a recent paper, Schwartz et al. suggest that 1) over the last century the earth has warmed less than expected, and they discuss several factors that could explain the discrepancy, including climate sensitivity estimates and aerosol forcing. ...

Reto Knutti; Gian-Kasper Plattner

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

How Are Spring Snow Conditions in Central Canada Related to Early Warm-Season Precipitation?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The response of the warm-season atmosphere to antecedent snow anomalies has long been an area of study. This paper explores how the spring snow depth relates to subsequent precipitation in central Canada using ground observations, reanalysis ...

Hua Su; Robert E. Dickinson; Kirsten L. Findell; Benjamin R. Lintner

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

The Interaction between Hurricane Opal (1995) and a Warm Core Ring in the Gulf of Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hurricane Opal (1995) experienced a rapid, unexpected intensification in the Gulf of Mexico that coincided with its encounter with a warm core ring (WCR). The relative positions of Opal and the WCR and the timing of the intensification indicate ...

Xiaodong Hong; Simon W. Chang; Sethu Raman; Lynn K. Shay; Richard Hodur

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Cool- and Warm-Season Precipitation Reconstructions over Western New Mexico  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation over the southwestern United States exhibits distinctive seasonality, and contrasting ocean–atmospheric dynamics are involved in the interannual variability of cool- and warm-season totals. Tree-ring chronologies based on annual-...

D. W. Stahle; M. K. Cleaveland; H. D. Grissino-Mayer; R. D. Griffin; F. K. Fye; M. D. Therrell; D. J. Burnette; D. M. Meko; J. Villanueva Diaz

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Energy 101: Lumens | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

or Search Energy.gov Search Clear Filters All Videos Energy 101: Biofuels Energy 101: Algae-to-Fuel Energy 101: Lighting Choices Energy 101: Hydroelectric Power Energy 101:...

490

Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Cleanup Technologies for Coal-Derived Syngas  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Integrated Warm Gas Multicontaminant Cleanup Technologies for Coal-Derived Syngas Description Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology offers a means to utilize coal -the most abundant fuel in the United States-to produce a host of products, ranging from electricity to value-added chemicals like transportation fuels and hydrogen, in an efficient, environmentally friendly manner. However, the overall cost (capital, operating,

491

Comparative Global Warming Impacts of Electric Vapor-Compression and Direct-fired Absorption Equipment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compares the global warming impacts of electric vapor-compression and gas-fired absorption-cycle equipment for commercial cooling applications. Absorption chillers do not use ozone depleting refrigerants but substitution of alternative refrigerants in electrically driven vapor-compression cycle equipment also offers radically reduced or eliminated potential for stratospheric ozone depletion. Therefore, when comparing absorption-cycle and vapor-compression equipment, net global warming impacts...

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

White paper report on using nuclear reactors to search for a value of theta13  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hep-ex/0402041 v1 26 Feb 2004 WHITE PAPER REPORT on UsingSummary Purpose of this White Paper There has been superb0.01. The authors of this white paper are an International

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

PP-96-2 Boise White Paper, L.L.C. | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 Boise White Paper, L.L.C. PP-96-2 Boise White Paper, L.L.C. Presidental Permit authorizing Boise White Paper, L.L.C. to construct, operatr and maintain electric transmission...

494

White Paper on Energy Efficiency Status of Energy-Using Products in China (2011)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Standardization. White Paper – Energy Efficiency StatusN ATIONAL L ABORATORY White Paper on Energy Efficiencyfoundations of last year’s White Paper, this year’s paper

Zhou, Nan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

DRAFT STELLAR White paper Early Years and Technology. March 2011 STELLAR 2nd  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DRAFT STELLAR White paper ­ Early Years and Technology. March 2011 - 1 and evaluation of technologies to support young children's learning White paper hal-00722846,version1-5Aug2012 #12;DRAFT STELLAR White paper ­ Early Years

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

496

Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry White Paper on Globalization and Internationalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry White Paper on Globalization and Internationalization Version: 20120825 1 Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry "White Paper on Internationalization, this white paper addresses a number of key issues, including the following: Defining what it means

Sinnamon, Gordon J.

497

Properties of warm absorbers in active galaxies: a systematic stability curve analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Signatures of warm absorbers are seen in soft X-ray spectra of about half of all Seyfert1 galaxies observed and in some quasars and blazars. We use the thermal equilibrium curve to study the influence of the shape of the ionizing continuum, density and the chemical composition of the absorbing gas on the existence and nature of the warm absorbers. We describe circumstances in which a stable warm absorber can exist as a multiphase medium or one with continuous variation in pressure. In particular we find the following results: i) the warm absorber exists only if the spectral index of the X-ray power-law ionizing continuum $\\alpha > 0.2$ and has a multiphase nature if $\\alpha \\sim 0.8$, which interestingly is the spectral index for most of the observed Seyfert 1 galaxies; ii) thermal and ionization states of highly dense warm absorbers are sensitive to their density if the ionizing continuum is sufficiently soft, i.e. dominated by the ultraviolet iii) absorbing gas with super-Solar metallicity is more likely to have a multiphase nature; iv) the nature of the warm absorber is significantly influenced by the absence of iron and associated elements which are produced in the later stages of star formation history in supernovae of type Ia.

Susmita Chakravorty; Ajit K. Kembhavi; Martin Elvis; Gary Ferland

2008-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

498

The Revival of White Holes as Small Bangs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black holes are extremely dense and compact objects from which light cannot escape. There is an overall consensus that black holes exist and many astronomical objects are identified with black holes. White holes were understood as the exact time reversal of black holes, therefore they should continuously throw away material. It is accepted, however, that a persistent ejection of mass leads to gravitational pressure, the formation of a black hole and thus to the "death of while holes". So far, no astronomical source has been successfully tagged a white hole. The only known white hole is the Big Bang which was instantaneous rather than continuous or long-lasting. We thus suggest that the emergence of a white hole, which we name a 'Small Bang', is spontaneous - all the matter is ejected at a single pulse. Unlike black holes, white holes cannot be continuously observed rather their effect can only be detected around the event itself. Gamma ray bursts are the most energetic explosions in the universe. Long gamma-ray bursts were connected with supernova eruptions. There is a new group of gamma-ray bursts, which are relatively close to Earth, but surprisingly lack any supernova emission. We propose identifying these bursts with white holes. White holes seem like the best explanation of gamma-ray bursts that appear in voids. We also predict the detection of rare gigantic gamma-ray bursts with energies much higher than typically observed.

Alon Retter; Shlomo Heller

2011-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

499

Kootenai River White Sturgeon Studies, Annual Report FY 1993.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report evaluates natural spawning of white sturgeon in the Kootenai River before, during and after the 1993 augmented discharge period. To determine how altering the operation of Libby Dam may improve conditions for natural spawning of white sturgeon in the Kootenai River, discharge from Libby Dam (with no power peaking or load following) was increased to produce 20 kcfs ([plus minus] 2 kcfs) discharge at Bonners Ferry, Idaho, for a 14 day period June 2--16. Objectives of this research were to determine if white sturgeon spawned in the Kootenai River during 1993; and collect baseline biological data including timing, location, and habitat requirements of white sturgeon spawning in the Kootenai River in order to formulate and implement future flow regimes as effective recovery measures for white sturgeon. While sampling is not expected to collect a majority of white sturgeon eggs or larvae produced in a river, the fact that over 41,000 hours of sampling (combined gear) collected only 3 white sturgeon eggs and no larvae suggests that spawning conditions during 1993 were inadequate to benefit this population.

Anders, Paul J.; Siple, John T.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

Water Integration Project Science Strategies White Paper  

SciTech Connect

This white paper has been prepared to document the approach to develop strategies to address Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) science and technology needs/uncertainties to support completion of INEEL Idaho Completion Project (Environmental Management [EM]) projects against the 2012 plan. Important Idaho Completion Project remediation and clean-up projects include the 2008 OU 10-08 Record of Decision, completion of EM by 2012, Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center Tanks, INEEL CERCLA Disposal Facility, and the Radioactive Waste Management Complex. The objective of this effort was to develop prioritized operational needs and uncertainties that would assist Operations in remediation and clean-up efforts at the INEEL and develop a proposed path forward for the development of science strategies to address these prioritized needs. Fifteen needs/uncertainties were selected to develop an initial approach to science strategies. For each of the 15 needs/uncertainties, a detailed definition was developed. This included extracting information from the past interviews with Operations personnel to provide a detailed description of the need/uncertainty. For each of the 15 prioritized research and development needs, a search was performed to identify the state of the associated knowledge. The knowledge search was performed primarily evaluating ongoing research. The ongoing research reviewed included Environmental Systems Research Analysis, Environmental Management Science Program, Laboratory Directed Research and Development, Inland Northwest Research Alliance, United States Geological Survey, and ongoing Operations supported projects. Results of the knowledge search are documented as part of this document.

Alan K. Yonk

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z