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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Green waxes, adhesives and lubricants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...predicted shortage of energy resources and environmental...the development of green waxes, adhesives...acid methyl esters. Green Chem. 9, 469-474...synergistic antioxidants. Energy Fuels 21, 2408-2414...predicted shortage of energy resources and environmental...the development of green waxes, adhesives...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Green waxes, adhesives and lubricants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Therefore, to develop ideal green waxes, it is expected that...and hydraulic fluids. 2. Green adhesives (a) Introduction...instance, in a conventional solvent-based adhesive formulation, solvents such as toluene and trichloroethane...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

1989 annual book of ASTM standards. Section 5: Petroleum products, lubricants and fossil fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume of standards pertains to petroleum products and lubricants and to catalysts. The standards presented include: Standard test method for estimation of net and gross heat of combustion of petroleum fuels; Standard guide for generation and dissipation of static electricity in petroleum fuel systems; and Standard test method for solidification point of petroleum wax.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

1994 lubricating oil and wax capacities of U. S. and Canadian refineries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper consists of several tables which list the names of US and Canadian refineries, their location, and their capacity for production of lubricating oil and waxes categorized by finishing operations and primary processing. A separate table lists US and Canadian re-refiners and their capacity for refining waste lubricating oils.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Compostability of petroleum wax-based coatings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Composting is an important aspect of solid-waste management. Results of one independent study and a second continuing study demonstrate that waxed packaging may be composted to produce a high-quality end product with certain limitations on the proportions of materials which comprise the compost mixture. Contaminants from packaging material are the main constraints to compost quality. There are suggestions for developing readily compostable packaging.

Davie, I.N. (International Group, Inc., Agincourt, Ontario (Canada))

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Effects of optimal concentrations of asphalt-tar substances and wax on the rheological characteristics of high-viscosity petroleum during transport in large pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is shown that the optimum ratio of asphalt-tar substances to wax is independent of temperature and pressure in transport of high-viscosity petroleum through pipelines.

A. M. Shammazov

1984-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Thermodvnamics Thermodynamics of Wax Precipitation in  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermodvnamics Thermodynamics of Wax Precipitation in Petroleum Mixtures C. Lira-Galeana and A, Berkeley, CIA 94720 A thermodynamic pamework is developed for calculating wax precipitation in petroleum only recently have attempts been made to develop a thermodynamic description. Published methods

Firoozabadi, Abbas

8

Advanced Petroleum-Based Fuels -- Diesel Emissions Control Project (APBF-DEC): Lubricants Project, Phase 2 Final Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of the second phase of a lubricants project, which investigated the impact of engine oil formulation on diesel vehicle emissions and the performance of a nitrogen oxide adsorber catalyst (NAC).

Not Available

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Synthesis of new high performance lubricants and solid lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have started to make a number of classes of new perfluoropolyethers both in the solid lubricant area and liquid lubricant area. We have prepared some chlorofluoroethers for testing as additives for normal petroleum and polyalphaolefin lubricants which are so widely used in the United States. Perfluoropolyethers are not soluble in hydrocarbons. On the other hand, these chlorofluoropolyethers are soluble in substantial amounts in simple hydrocarbons. These are uniquely capable of being additives that flow with the motor oil or the polyalphaolefin.

Lagow, R.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

On the effect of wax content on paraffin wax deposition in a batch oscillatory baffled tube apparatus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Deposition of paraffin wax is one of the major problems facing in the petroleum industries with the main implication being wax blockage in oil and gas pipelines especially for offshore production. The objectives of this work are to investigate the effect of applying oscillatory motion on wax deposition in an oscillatory baffled tube apparatus, a relatively new mixing technology that offers more uniform mixing and solid suspension than traditional devices; and are to understand the mechanism and kinetics of the wax crystallisation in accordance to the Avrami theory. The wax deposition was determined gravimetrically. The results indicate that the oscillatory motion has two opposite effects on the percentage of wax deposition: at low concentration of wax in solution, the presence of oscillation significantly reduces the wax deposition, e.g. 40–60% without the presence of any solvent or wax inhibitor; and completely prevents 100% wax gelation from occurring – the beneficial effect; at higher wax contents, however, the introduction of oscillatory motion not only promotes wax deposition, but also accelerates the crystal growth to achieve 100% wax deposition – the detrimental effect.

Lukman Ismail; Robin E. Westacott; Xiongwei Ni

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Exports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Exports Exports Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Other Liquids Hydrogen/Oxygenates/Renewables/Other Hydrocarbons Oxygenates (excl. Fuel Ethanol) Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Other Oxygenates Renewable Fuels (incl. Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Biomass-Based Diesel Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Conventional Aviation Gasoline Blend. Comp. Finished Petroleum Products Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Naphtha for Petro. Feed. Use Other Oils Petro. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

12

Overview of DOE Fuel & Lubricant Technologies R&D  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

friendly highway transportation technologies that enable America to use less petroleum. --EERE Strategic Plan, October 2002-- Overview of DOE Fuel & Lubricant Technologies...

13

Product Supplied for Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Natural Gas Liquids and LRGs Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Other Liquids Hydrogen/Oxygenates/Renewables/Other Hydrocarbons Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Conventional Aviation Gasoline Blend. Comp. Finished Petroleum Products Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petro. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petro. Feed Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Petroleum Coke - Marketable Petroleum Coke - Catalyst Asphalt and Road Oil Still Gas Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

14

Chapter 16 - Wax and Asphaltenes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Waxes or paraffins are typically long-chain, normal alkane compounds that are naturally present in crude oil. When the temperature drops, these compounds can come out of the oil and formwaxy and elongated crystals. If the control of wax deposition is not effective, the waxy deposits can build up significantly with time and cause disruption of production, reduction of throughput, and even complete blockage of the flowlines. Subsea production facilities and pipelines are very susceptible to wax deposits and asphaltene precipitates induced by the lower temperature and decreasing pressure environment. Asphaltenes are a component of the bitumen in petroleum and are usually black, brittle coal-like materials. Wax remediation treatments often involve the use of solvents, hot water, a combination of hot water and surfactants, or hot oil treatments to revitalize production. In addition there are currently no standard design and operating guidelines for the control of asphaltenes in subsea systems. Some experience has been gained from asphaltene control programs used for onshore wells.

Yong Bai; Qiang Bai

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Present Jurassic petroleum charge facing Paleozoic biodegraded oil: Geochemical challenges and potential upsides, Embla field, North Sea  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...resulted in precipitation of asphaltenes and wax from the first petroleum charge, thus...The first petroleum charge had a high wax content and was terrestrially influenced...Paleocene sandy Siri Fairway: An efficient pipeline draining the prolific Central Graben...

Sverre Ekrene Ohm; Dag A. Karlsen; Nghia T. Phan; Tor Strand; Gunnar Iversen

16

Large Diesel Engine Lubrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Centralized lubrication for slow-speed internal combustion engines ; Marine diesel engine lubrication ...

Hans Gaca; Jan Ruiter; Götz Mehr; Theo Mang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

The development of a wax layer on the interior wall of a circular pipe transporting heated oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......of oil in long subsea pipelines is a common occurrence...formation of a paraffinic wax deposit on the inside...Striegler, Studies of wax deposition in the trans Alaska pipeline, Journal of Petroleum...review of the modeling of wax deposition mechanisms......

D. J. Needham; B. T. Johansson; T. Reeve

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Synthesis of new high performance lubricants and solid lubricants. Progress report, June 1991--March 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have started to make a number of classes of new perfluoropolyethers both in the solid lubricant area and liquid lubricant area. We have prepared some chlorofluoroethers for testing as additives for normal petroleum and polyalphaolefin lubricants which are so widely used in the United States. Perfluoropolyethers are not soluble in hydrocarbons. On the other hand, these chlorofluoropolyethers are soluble in substantial amounts in simple hydrocarbons. These are uniquely capable of being additives that flow with the motor oil or the polyalphaolefin.

Lagow, R.J.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Vehicle Technologies Office: 2012 Fuel and Lubricant Technologies R&D Annual Progress Report  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The Fuel & Lubricant Technologies subprogram supports fuels and lubricants research and development (R&D) to provide vehicle users with cost-competitive options that enable high fuel economy with low emissions, and contribute to petroleum displacement.

20

Wax Point Determinations Using Acoustic Resonance Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The thermodynamic characterization of the wax point of a given crude is essential in order to maintain flow conditions that prevent plugging of undersea pipelines. This report summarizes the efforts made towards applying an Acoustic Cavity Resonance Spectrometer (ACRS) to the determination of pressures and temperatures at which wax precipitates from crude. Phillips Petroleum Company, Inc., the CRADA participant, supplied the ACRS. The instrumentation was shipped to Dr. Thomas Schmidt of ORNL, the CRADA contractor, in May 2000 after preliminary software development performed under the guidance of Dr. Samuel Colgate and Dr. Evan House of the University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. Upon receipt it became apparent that a number of modifications still needed to be made before the ACRS could be precisely and safely used for wax point measurements. This report reviews the sequence of alterations made to the ACRS, as well as defines the possible applications of the instrumentation once the modifications have been completed.

Jubin, R.T.

2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Refinery & Blender Net Production of Total Finished Petroleum Products  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

& Blender Net Production & Blender Net Production Product: Total Finished Petroleum Products Liquefied Refinery Gases Ethane/Ethylene Ethane Ethylene Propane/Propylene Propane Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Normal Butane Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Isobutane Isobutylene Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Other Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual Fuel Less Than 0.31 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel 0.31 to 1.00 Percent Sulfur Residual Fuel Greater Than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha For Petro. Feed. Use Other Oils For Petro. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Marketable Petroleum Coke Catalyst Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Still Gas Miscellaneous Products Processing Gain(-) or Loss(+) Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

22

Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Oxygenates/Renewables/Other Hydrocarbons Oxygenates (excl. Fuel Ethanol) Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) All Other Oxygenates Renewable Fuels (incl. Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Other Hydrocarbons Unfinished Oils Naphthas and Lighter Kerosene and Light Gas Oils Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Motor Gasoline Blending Components MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated - RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending with Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending with Ether* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - Conventional CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Reformulated Blended with Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended with Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended with Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm and Under Distillate Fuel Oil, Greater than 15 ppm to 500 ppm Distillate Fuel Oil, Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Less than 0.31 Percent Sulfur 0.31 to 1.00 Percent Sulfur Greater than 1.00 Percent Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Other Oils for Petrochemical Feedstock Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Marketable Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Units: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

23

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Total Stocks Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil All Oils (Excluding Crude Oil) Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Butylene Other Hydrocarbons Oxygenates (excluding Fuel Ethanol) MTBE Other Oxygenates Renewables (including Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Unfinished Oils Unfinished Oils, Naphthas & Lighter Unfinished Oils, Kerosene & Light Gas Unfinished Oils, Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Motor Gasoline Blending Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB w/ Alcohol MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB w/ Ether MGBC - Reformulated, GTAB MGBC - Conventional MGBC - Conventional, CBOB MGBC - Conventional, GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Aviation Gasoline Blending Comp. Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Gasoline, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., than 1.00% Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petro. Feedstock Use Other Oils for Petro. Feedstock Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

24

Tethered Lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have performed extensive experimental and theoretical studies of interfacial friction, relaxation dynamics, and thermodynamics of polymer chains tethered to points, planes, and particles. A key result from our tribology studies using lateral force microscopy (LFM) measurements of polydisperse brushes of linear and branched chains densely grafted to planar substrates is that there are exceedingly low friction coefficients for these systems. Specific project achievements include: (1) Synthesis of three-tiered lubricant films containing controlled amounts of free and pendent PDMS chains, and investigated the effect of their molecular weight and volume fraction on interfacial friction. (2.) Detailed studies of a family of hairy particles termed nanoscale organic hybrid materials (NOHMs) and demonstration of their use as lubricants.

Archer, Lynden

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

25

A conversion coating on carbon steel with good anti-wax performance in crude oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Wax deposition on pipeline from crude oil is a prevalent problem that petroleum industry has always been suffered. In this paper, a conversion coating on carbon steel with good anti-wax performance was constructed to solve this problem through a simple coating and heat treatment process. The conversion coating is composed of pyrophosphate with a flower-like microstructure. After wax deposition test, the conversion coating has low wax deposition weight which is 2.9 mg/cm2 and high wax deposition reduction rate (80% in average). The conversion coating has a special wettability which is superoleophobic with low oil-adhesion in water (oil contact angle is 162° and rolling angle is 7°) and hydrophilic in oil. The anti-wax mechanism is discussed and it may be attributed to the polar hydrophilic component and micro-structure of the conversion coating.

Zhiwei Wang; Liqun Zhu; Huicong Liu; Weiping Li

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lubricants to someone by Lubricants to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Fuel Effects on Combustion Lubricants Natural Gas Research Biofuels End-Use Research Materials Technologies Lubricants As most vehicles are on the road for more than 15 years before they are retired, investigating technologies that will improve today's vehicles is

27

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Tanker, Pipeline, and Barge  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Components (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

28

Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Movements by Tanker and Barge between PAD  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tanker and Barge between PAD Districts Tanker and Barge between PAD Districts Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blending Components MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Residual FO - Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual FO - 0.31 to 1.00% Sulfur Residual FO - Greater than 1.00% Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

29

U.S. Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Stocks by Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil All Oils (Excluding Crude Oil) Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Ethylene Propane/Propylene Propylene (Nonfuel Use) Normal Butane/Butylene Refinery Grade Butane Isobutane/Butylene Other Hydrocarbons Oxygenates (excluding Fuel Ethanol) MTBE Other Oxygenates Renewables (including Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Unfinished Oils Unfinished Oils, Naphthas & Lighter Unfinished Oils, Kerosene & Light Gas Unfinished Oils, Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Motor Gasoline Blending Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB w/ Alcohol MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB w/ Ether MGBC - Reformulated, GTAB MGBC - Conventional MGBC - Conventional, CBOB MGBC - Conventional, GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Aviation Gasoline Blending Comp. Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated Gasoline, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm Sulfur and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., than 1.00% Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petro. Feedstock Use Other Oils for Petro. Feedstock Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products

30

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fuels and Lubricants Research Fuels and Lubricants Research As transportation accounts for two-thirds of the nearly $1 billion the U.S. spends daily on foreign oil, it is vital to increase our use of alternative fuels. Increasing the fuels available to drivers reduces price volatility, supports domestic industries, and increases environmental sustainability. The DOE's Alternative Fuels Data Center provides basic information on alternative fuels, including Biodiesel, Ethanol, Natural Gas, Propane, and Hydrogen. The Vehicle Technologies Office (VTO) supports research to improve how vehicles use these many of these fuels in the future, as well as activities to increase their availability today. It also researches how new petroleum-based fuels affect advanced combustion systems and how lubricants can improve the efficiency of vehicles currently on the road.

31

Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Net Receipts by Pipeline, Tanker,  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude Oil and Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels

32

East Coast (PADD 1) Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Net Receipts by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product: Total Crude Oil and Products Crude Oil Petroleum Products Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane/Ethylene Propane/Propylene Normal Butane/Butylene Isobutane/Isobutylene Unfinished Oils Motor Gasoline Blend. Comp. (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated MGBC - Reformulated RBOB MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Alcohol* MGBC - RBOB for Blending w/ Ether* MGBC - Reformulated GTAB* MGBC - Conventional MGBC - CBOB MGBC - Conventional GTAB MGBC - Conventional Other Renewable Fuels Fuel Ethanol Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Reformulated, Other Conventional Gasoline Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Gasoline Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Greater than Ed55 Conventional Other Gasoline Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and Under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem. Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products

33

PETROLEUM PLANTATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Science 198, 942 (1977). Petroleum Plantations (continued)Diu is ion, Ext. 6782 PETROLEUM PLANT AT I ONs''e MelvinJapan April 1, 1978 PETROLEUM PLANTATIONS Melvin Calvin

Calvin, Melvin

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Ionic Liquids as Novel Engine Lubricants or Lubricant Additives...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Additives Ionic Liquids as Novel Engine Lubricants or Lubricant Additives Bench test results showed that compared with fully-formulated engine oils, selected low-viscosity...

35

DIESEL FUEL LUBRICATION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The diesel fuel injector and pump systems contain many sliding interfaces that rely for lubrication upon the fuels. The combination of the poor fuel lubricity and extremely tight geometric clearance between the plunger and bore makes the diesel fuel injector vulnerable to scuffing damage that severely limits the engine life. In order to meet the upcoming stricter diesel emission regulations and higher engine efficiency requirements, further fuel refinements that will result in even lower fuel lubricity due to the removal of essential lubricating compounds, more stringent operation conditions, and tighter geometric clearances are needed. These are expected to increase the scuffing and wear vulnerability of the diesel fuel injection and pump systems. In this chapter, two approaches are discussed to address this issue: (1) increasing fuel lubricity by introducing effective lubricity additives or alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, and (2) improving the fuel injector scuffing-resistance by using advanced materials and/or surface engineering processes. The developing status of the fuel modification approach is reviewed to cover topics including fuel lubricity origins, lubricity improvers, alternative fuels, and standard fuel lubricity tests. The discussion of the materials approach is focused on the methodology development for detection of the onset of scuffing and evaluation of the material scuffing characteristics.

Qu, Jun [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Fuel and Lubricant Effects  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fuel and Lubricant Effects Fuels Research, DOE agreements 13415, 13425 Bruce G. Bunting, Mike Bunce, Kukwon Cho, Jun Qu, Robert Crawford, Jim Szybist, Scott Sluder, John Storey,...

37

4 - Hydrodynamic Lubrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary In this chapter the basic principles of hydrodynamic lubrication are discussed. The mechanisms of hydrodynamic film generation and the effects of operating variables such as velocity, temperature, load, design parameters, etc., on the performance of such films are outlined. These are explained using bearings commonly found in many engineering applications as examples. Secondary effects in hydrodynamic lubrication such as viscous heating, compressible and non-Newtonian lubricants, bearing-vibration and deformation are described and their influence on bearing-performance assessed. The complete separation of sliding surfaces by a liquid film under full hydrodynamic lubrication can allow bearings to operate indefinitely without any wear. Any liquid or gas can be used for this form of lubrication, provided that no chemical attack on the bearing occurs. The disadvantage of hydrodynamic lubrication is that a non-zero sliding or “squeeze” velocity is required before load capacity is obtained. Some damage to bearings during starting or stopping is inevitable because of this condition. Vibration induced by hydrodynamic instability may occur during operation at high speeds and this should always be carefully controlled. Despite these deficiencies, hydrodynamic lubrication is the preferred form of lubrication in most bearing systems.

Gwidon W. Stachowiak; Andrew W. Batchelor

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Practical kerogen typing for petroleum exploration  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The explorationist requires basic quantitative information on the size, gas-oil ratio (GOR), and timing of petroleum charges. Yet only a part of this crucial information is obtainable from the data currently used to define kerogen types. The authors describe here a practical approach and solution to this problem by defining kerogen type according to three fundamental criteria. One of these is total hydrocarbon-generating potential, as determined by Rock-Eval pyrolysis (S2). The other equally important criteria are source quality (GOR, wax content, etc), as determined by pyrolysis-gas chromatography (PY-GC), and thermal lability (response to thermal stress), as determined by PY-GC and microscale simulation pyrolysis techniques. With regard to source quality determination, paraffinic oil-generating potential (both high wax and low wax), paraffinic-naphthenic-aromatic oil-generating potential (both high wax and low wax), and gas condensate-generating potentials are readily discernible and quantifiable. Concerning thermal lability, the influence of extreme maturation levels on source rock and petroleum composition has been assessed. In the case of some kerogens, bulk compositional features can be preserved to high levels of thermal stress. This means that original oil-generating potential can sometimes be discerned from the analysis of overmature kerogens.

Horsfield, B.; Larter, S.R.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Lubricants Lubricants As most vehicles are on the road for more than 15 years before they are retired, investigating technologies that will improve today's vehicles is essential. Because 11.5 percent of fuel energy is consumed by engine friction, decreasing this friction through lubricants can lead to substantial improvements in the fuel economy of current vehicles, without needing to wait for the fleet to turn over. In fact, a 1 percent fuel savings in the existing vehicle fleet possible through lubricants could save 97 thousand barrels of oil a day or $3.5 billion a year. Because of these benefits, the Vehicle Technologies Office supports research on lubricants that can improve the efficiency of internal combustion engine vehicles, complementing our work on advanced combustion engine technology.

40

4 Hydrodynamic Lubrication  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the theory of hydrodynamic lubrication. The chapter demonstrates how a basic property of all liquids, such as viscosity, can be used to produce cheap, reliable bearings that operate with low friction and wear. The mechanisms of hydrodynamic film generation and the effects of operating variables such as velocity, temperature, load, design parameters, etc., on the performance of such films are outlined. This is explained using bearings commonly found in many engineering applications as examples. Secondary effects in hydrodynamic lubrication such as viscous heating, compressible and non-Newtonian lubricants, bearing vibration and deformation is described and their influence on bearing performance is assessed. Like many important scientific principles, chance observation played an important role in the recognition of hydrodynamic action as a basic mechanism of bearing lubrication. The complete separation of sliding surfaces by a liquid film under full hydrodynamic lubrication can allow bearings to operate indefinitely without any wear. Any liquid or gas can be used for this form of lubrication provided that no chemical attack of the bearing occurs. The disadvantage of hydrodynamic lubrication is that a non-zero sliding or “squeeze” velocity is required before load capacity is obtained.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Petroleum Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A comprehensive review of fluorescence techniques used for the analysis of crude petroleum oils encompasses both industrial and research applications of optical techniques routinely applied to oil applications. ... fractions of heavy petroleums were examd. ...

Ryan P. Rodgers; Amy M. McKenna

2011-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

42

Upgrading petroleum and petroleum fractions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described for neutralizing the organic naphthenic acids acidity present in petroleum and petroleum fractions to produce a neutralization number less than 1.0 whereby they are rendered suitable as lube oil feed stocks which consists essentially of treating the petroleum and petroleum fractions with a neutralizing amount of monoethanolamine to form an amine salt with the organic acids and then heating the thus-neutralized petroleum and petroleum fractions at a temperature at least about 25/sup 0/F greater than the boiling point of water and for a time sufficient to convert the amine salts to amides.

Ferguson, S.; Reese, D.D.

1988-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

43

Carbon Emissions: Petroleum Refining Industry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Industry Petroleum Refining Industry Carbon Emissions in the Petroleum Refining Industry The Industry at a Glance, 1994 (SIC Code: 2911) Total Energy-Related Emissions: 79.9 million metric tons of carbon (MMTC) -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 21.5% -- Nonfuel Emissions: 16.5 MMTC Total First Use of Energy: 6,263 trillion Btu -- Pct. of All Manufacturers: 28.9% Nonfuel Use of Energy Sources: 3,110 trillion Btu (49.7%) -- Naphthas and Other Oils: 1,328 trillion Btu -- Asphalt and Road Oil: 1,224 trillion Btu -- Lubricants: 416 trillion Btu Carbon Intensity: 12.75 MMTC per quadrillion Btu Energy Information Administration, "1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey", "Monthly Refinery Report" for 1994, and Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 1998.

44

An experimental investigation into oil mist lubrication  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil mist lubrication offers many advantages over sump lubrication. Unfortunately, mist lubrication generates sub-micrometer sized aerosol particles (fines) that escape from the oil mist lubrication system. These particles are an environmental hazard...

Kannan, Krishna

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

45

Power system with an integrated lubrication circuit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A power system includes an engine having a first lubrication circuit and at least one auxiliary power unit having a second lubrication circuit. The first lubrication circuit is in fluid communication with the second lubrication circuit.

Hoff, Brian D. (East Peoria, IL); Akasam, Sivaprasad (Peoria, IL); Algrain, Marcelo C. (Peoria, IL); Johnson, Kris W. (Washington, IL); Lane, William H. (Chillicothe, IL)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

46

Synthesis of new high performance lubricants and solid lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthesis and testing was begun on a number of new classes of lubricants: perfluoropolyethers (branching effects), perfluoromethylene oxide ethers, chlorine-substituted fluorocarbon polyethers, fluorine-containing branched ether lubricants, glycerine- based perfluoropolyesters, perfluoro epoxy ether chains, etc.

Lagow, R.J.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Computational study of wax deposition in pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposition in subsea pipelines is one of the flow assurance problems for oil and gas production. In contrast to many studies about single phase wax deposition gas-oil wax deposition studies are very limited. The wax deposition mechanism and model prediction are restricted by many factors such as hydrodynamic and thermal when multiphase flow is involved. Wax deposition modeling becomes complicated under multiphase flowing conditions. wax deposition is depended by the flow pattern. The stratified flow is one of the most common flow patterns in the actual subsea gas-oil flowing conditions. In this work numerical methods are used to study wax deposition in oil-gas stratified flow through a pipe. Based on the flow analysis about stratified flow the non-isothermal heat and mass transfer is calculated. The temperature profile of the oil and the concentration profile of wax in oil are obtained. The change of the oil-gas interface i.e. the liquid holdup throughout the pipe must be taken into the heat and mass balance. The valid wax deposition surface must be taken into the wax deposition modeling by establishing function of the liquid holdup and the wetted area by oil. The molecular diffusion is as the deposition mechanism. The increase of the wax fraction in the deposit as a function of time depends on the mass flux from the oil deposit interface into the gel and the growth of the deposit thickness depends on the difference between the mass flux from the bulk oil to the oil deposit interface and the mass flux from the interface into the deposit. In addition the growth of the wax deposit as a function of time along with the effect oil flow rate gas flow rate and the inlet temperature are discussed. The presence of gas significantly reduces the severity of wax deposition by altering the heat and mass transfer characteristics.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Materials - Coatings & Lubricants  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Coatings and Lubricants: Coatings and Lubricants: Super-Hard and Ultra-Low-Friction Films for Friction and Wear Control Ali Erdemir researches nanolubricants. Ali Erdemir researches nanolubricants. The many rolling, rotating and sliding mechanical assemblies in advanced transportation vehicles present friction and wear challenges for automotive engineers. These systems operate under severe conditions-high loads, speeds and temperatures-that currently available materials and lubricants do not tolerate well. Improving the surface friction and wear characteristics of the mechanical system components is an opportunity for engineers, and the use of super-hard, slippery surface films offers promise. Argonne scientists have developed a number of smooth, wear-resistant, low-friction nanocomposite nitride and diamond-like carbon films that have

49

Modelling of Paraffin Wax in Oil Pipelines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? As warm oil or condensate from the reservoir flow through a pipeline on the cold sea bottom, wax often precipitate and deposit on the… (more)

Siljuberg, Morten Kristoffer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fuels and Lubricants Fuels and Lubricants Research to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fuels and Lubricants Research on AddThis.com... Just the Basics Hybrid & Vehicle Systems Energy Storage Advanced Power Electronics & Electrical Machines Advanced Combustion Engines Fuels & Lubricants Fuel Effects on Combustion Lubricants Natural Gas Research Biofuels End-Use Research

51

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Petroleum Engineering Minor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chemical and Petroleum Engineering Petroleum Engineering Minor Students their skills by taking a minor in petroleum engineering. Energy is the largest global industry at $3 trillion annually, and petroleum supplies 60 percent

Calgary, University of

52

Modeling wax thickness in single-phase turbulent flow.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Oil and gas transport is today a vital part of the industry. Oil cooled during transport in pipelines may precipitate paraffin wax. Precipitated wax… (more)

Botne, Kjetil Kandal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Analytical and Numerical Modeling of Paraffin Wax in Pipelines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Paraffin wax deposition, or the settling of solid wax particles on pipelines and equipment, is an extensive problem encountered in oil production and transportation.… (more)

Stubsjøen, Marte

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Separation of Fischer-Tropsch wax from catalyst by supercritical fluid extraction. Technical progress report, January--March 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Objective is to evaluate the potential of supercritical fluid extraction for separating the catalyst slurry of a Fischer-Tropsch (F- T) slurry bubble column reactor into a wax and a concentrated catalyst slurry that is ready for recycle/regeneration. The automated apparatus was evaluated using a toluene-petroleum pitch system. The Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (SAFT) equation will be used to fit the VLE and LLE data for F-T wax-solvent systems; this equation was successful in predicting both phase compositions and average molecular weight distributions.

Thies, M.C.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Table 39. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

State/Refiner/Location Alkylates Aromatics State/Refiner/Location Alkylates Aromatics Isobutane Lubricants Isomers Isopentane and Isohexane Asphalt and Road Oil Marketable Petroleum Coke Hydrogen (MMcfd) Sulfur (short tons per day) Table 4. Production Capacity of Operable Petroleum Refineries by State as of January 1, 2013 (Barrels per Stream Day, Except Where Noted) Isooctane a

56

14 - Lubricant use and disposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Criteria are defined for optimum machine-specific selection of conventional, high-performance and specialty lubricants. Lubrication consolidation is indicated as a means of rationalisation of inventories. Intended use of lubricants may be compromised by oxidation, water and air contamination, additive depletion and accumulation of contaminants, including wear debris, and biological degradation. Strategic oil analysis is described from simple in-shop sensory inspections to primary on-site standard testing and more comprehensive secondary testing methods as an operational maintenance tool for machine and lubricant condition monitoring to estimate remaining lubricant life time and prevent premature machine failure. The disposal of spent lubricants, including waste oil legislation and management, and re-refining technologies, are discussed.

Jan C.J. Bart; Emanuele Gucciardi; Stefano Cavallaro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Imports by Area of Entry  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

by Area of Entry by Area of Entry Product: Total Crude Oil and Petroleum Products Crude Oil Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Ethane Ethylene Propane Propylene Normal Butane Butylene Isobutane Isobutylene Other Liquids Hydrogen/Oxygenates/Renewables/Other Hydrocarbons Oxygenates (excl. Fuel Ethanol) Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) Other Oxygenates Renewable Fuels (incl. Fuel Ethanol) Fuel Ethanol Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Diesel Fuel Other Renewable Fuels Other Hydrocarbons Unfinished Oils Naphthas and Lighter Kerosene and Light Gas Oils Heavy Gas Oils Residuum Motor Gasoline Blending Components (MGBC) MGBC - Reformulated, RBOB MGBC - Conventional MGBC - Conventional, CBOB MGBC - Conventional, GTAB MGBC - Other Conventional Aviation Gasoline Blending Components Finished Petroleum Products Finished Motor Gasoline Reformulated Gasoline Reformulated Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Gasoline Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol Conventional Blended w/ Fuel Ethanol, Ed55 and Lower Conventional Other Finished Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene-Type Bonded Aircraft Fuel Other Bonded Aircraft Fuel Kerosene Distillate Fuel Oil Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Bonded, 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Other, 15 ppm and under Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Bonded, Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Other, Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 500 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Bonded, Greater than 500 to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Other, Greater than 500 ppm to 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Greater than 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Bonded, Greater than 2000 ppm Distillate F.O., Other, Greater than 2000 ppm Residual Fuel Oil Residual F.O., Bonded Ship Bunkers, Less than 0.31% Sulfur Residual F.O., Bonded Ship Bunkers, 0.31 to 1.00% Sulfur Residual F.O., Bonded Ship Bunkers, Greater than 1.00% Sulfur Petrochemical Feedstocks Naphtha for Petrochem. Feed. Use Other Oils for Petrochem Feed. Use Special Naphthas Lubricants Waxes Petroleum Coke Asphalt and Road Oil Miscellaneous Products Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

58

Methods for predicting wax precipitation and deposition  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Removal of wax from wells and flowlines can account for significant additional operating costs. To evaluate these potential costs, the operating conditions that allow waxes to precipitate in the wellbore must be identified, and deposition rates must be estimated to determine the costs associated with removal of wax deposits. Presented in this paper are laboratory and analytic methods that can be used to estimate both the critical operating conditions and the deposition rates. The laboratory tests and analysis presented may be used to characterize any type of oil.

Weingarten, J.S.; Euchner, J.A.

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Fuel and Lubricant Effects | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel and Lubricant Effects Fuel and Lubricant Effects 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

60

Fuel & Lubricant Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

& Lubricant Technologies Fuel & Lubricant Technologies 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Fuel & Lubricant Technologies | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuel & Lubricant Technologies Fuel & Lubricant Technologies 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

62

fuels and lubricants | netl.doe.gov  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fuels and Lubricants The DOE Vehicle Technologies Office supports fuels and lubricants research and development (R&D) to provide vehicle users with cost-competitive options that...

63

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications 2008 #12.. AAkkgguunn Petroleum Engineering SS.. MMoorraadd Petroleum Geosciences RR.. NNuunnnn &&SS indicate Petroleum Institute faculty who are attached to the program shown. Every effort has been made

64

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications 2009 #12 Mechanical Engineering HHaaddii BBeellhhaajj Petroleum Engineering SSaaddoooonn MMoorraadd Petroleum LLaannggiillllee Advanced University Placement Editors' notes: Names in bold in citations indicate Petroleum

65

Evaluation of Wax Deposition and its Control during Production of Alaska North Slope Oils  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Oil & Natural Gas Technology Oil & Natural Gas Technology DOE Award No.: DE-FC26-01NT41248 Evaluation of Wax Deposition and Its Control During Production of Alaska North Slope Oils Petroleum Development Laboratory Institute of Northern Engineering University of Alaska Fairbanks P.O. Box 755880 Fairbanks, Alaska 99775-5880 Prepared for: United States Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory December 2008 Office of Fossil Energy Evaluation of Wax Deposition and Its Control During Production of Alaskan North Slope Oils Final Report Reporting Period: October 1, 2005-September 30, 2008 Principal Investigator: Tao Zhu University of Alaska Fairbanks P.O. Box 755880 Fairbanks, AK 99775-5880 fftz@uaf.edu, 907-474-5141 External Principal Investigator: Jack A. Walker

66

Wax_finalreport_UofU  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

RPSEA RPSEA Wax C ontrol i n t he P resence o f Hydrates RPSEA 0 7121---1201 Project T itle Contract N umber October 1 5, 2 011 Milind D eo Professor Department o f C hemical E ngineering University o f U tah, S alt L ake C ity, U T 8 4112 LEGAL N OTICE This r eport w as p repared b y t he University o f U tah a s a n a ccount o f w ork s ponsored by t he R esearch P artnership t o S ecure E nergy f or A merica, R PSEA. N either R PSEA members o f R PSEA, the National Energy Technology Laboratory, the U.S. Department of E nergy, nor a ny p erson a cting o n b ehalf o f any of the entities: a. MAKES A NY W ARRANTY O R R EPRESENTATION, E XPRESS O R I MPLIED W ITH RESPECT T O A CCURACY, C OMPLETENESS, O R U SEFULNESS O F T HE INFORMATION C ONTAINED I N T HIS D OCUMENT, O R T HAT T HE U SE O F A NY INFORMATION, A PPARATUS, M ETHOD,

67

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications 2010 #12;#12;The Petroleum Institute Belhaj Petroleum Engineering Sadoon Morad Petroleum Geosciences Sivakumar Sivasubramaniam College of Arts departments within the Petroleum Institute. Names in bold show Petroleum Institute faculty who are attached

68

Acoustic resonance determination of the effect of light hydrocarbons on wax appearance points in a Njord well fluid  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wax formation and deposition in pipelines and process equipment pose severe problems for petroleum companies, especially during transportation of crude oil in offshore environments. The light hydrocarbons present in the crude oil can play an important role in the shift of wax appearance points by increasing the solubilities of the heavier components. The following work was undertaken to study the effect of light hydrocarbons on wax appearance points in a Njord well fluid for Norsk Hydro, Norway. An automated high-pressure spherical acoustic resonator (50.8-mm-diameter) assembly designed and fabricated for that purpose has been used to measure resonance frequencies in a Njord well fluid (stabilized oil sample) provided by Norsk Hydro and blended with the appropriate amount of a synthetically prepared gaseous mixture containing six light hydrocarbons (Cl to C6), at pressures from 2 to 107 bar and temperatures in the range 35 to 50{degrees}C. Results on the present method to locate the wax appearance points in the Njord well fluid are presented. A figure showing experimental wax appearance points as a function of pressure is presented. The results are compared with those predicted by the Norsk Hydro model.

Colgate, S.O.; Sivaraman, A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes bandwidth.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Petroleum...

70

Price Competitive Sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Petroleum...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Price Competitive Sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Petroleum; Standard Sales Provisions; Final Rule Price Competitive Sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Petroleum; Standard...

71

A new method for evaluating wax inhibitors and drag reducers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Conventional wax inhibitor evaluation methods such as cold finger and laminar flow loop are not adequate and accurate for evaluating wax inhibitors to be used in a wide operating temperature range and flow regimes such as North Sea subsea transport pipelines. A new method has been developed to simultaneously measure fluid rheology change and wax inhibition and to evaluate wax inhibitors or drag reducers at the field operating conditions. Selection criteria have been defined to search for an effective wax inhibitor. The criteria ensure the chemical selected is the most effective one for the specific oil and flow conditions. The operation cost savings by this accurate method is significant. Nine chemical companies joined the project of finding an wax inhibitor for a North Sea prospect. More than twenty wax inhibitors have been tested and evaluated with this new method for several waxy oil fields. The new method provides data of fluid rheology, war deposition rates and wax inhibition in the operating temperature range, overall average wax inhibition and degree of fluid flow improvement. These data are important to evaluate a wax inhibitor or drag reducer. Most of the wax inhibitors tested have good wax inhibition at high temperatures, but not many chemicals work well at low temperatures. The chemical tested may improved fluid flow behavior at low temperature but not wax deposition. Drag reducers tested did not work well at North Sea seabed temperature.

Hsu, J.J.C.; Brubaker, J.P.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Defining the role of elastic lubricants and micro textured surfaces in lubricated, sliding friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Solutions for reducing friction in sliding, lubricated systems include modifying lubricant rheology using polymers and adding a micro-scale texture to the sliding surfaces, but the mechanism of how lubrication properties ...

Hupp, Sara J. (Sara Jean), 1979-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Fuels & Lubricant Technologies- FEERC  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fuels & Lubricants Technology Fuels & Lubricants Technology Fuels and lubricants research at FEERC involves study of the impacts of fuel and lubricant properties on advanced combustion processes as well as on emissions and emission control strategies and devices. The range of fuels studied includes liquid fuels from synthetic and renewable sources as well as conventional and unconventional fossil-based sources. Combustion and emissions studies are leveraged with relevant single and multi-cylinder engine setups in the FEERC and access to a suite of unique diagnostic tools and a vehicle dynamometer laboratory. ORNL/DOE research has been cited by EPA in important decisions such as the 2006 diesel sulfur rule and the 2010/2011 E15 waiver decision. Major program categories and examples

74

Study of Paraffin Wax Deposition in Seasonally Pigged Pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Waxy crude oil pipelines are pigged periodically to scrape the adhered wax deposit from the pipe wall and remove it from the pipeline. If wax deposition on the pipe wall is not ... severe and there is not much ch...

Wang Wenda; Huang Qiyu; Huang Jun; Pang Quan…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Phillips Petroleum  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Phillips Petroleum Phillips Petroleum -Q-Y SPERT at NRTS - Scope and purpose is to subject heterogeneous reactor cores of differing designs. to power excurstons of increasing magnitude to determine the safe upper limit of avaIlable excess re- activity and the rates at which this ex- cess may safely be added. Of pfbrticuler interest also is the mechanism of the physic81 reactions which result in core damsge, i.e., movements and possible oc- currence of chemical reactions between fuel elements and coolants. SPERT I is still in operation with core A. However, they are now Working With 8 nine foot head of water in place of the original tvo foot head of water. Core B will be 8 core with physical design such that the pl8tes of the fuel elements may be variably spaced.

76

Florida Wax Scales: Control Measures in Texas for Hollies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This publication explains how to control Florida wax scales, which have begun attacking hollies in Texas. 6 pp., 4 photos...

Drees, Bastiaan M.; Reinert, James; Williams, Michael L.

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

77

2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Fuels & Lubricants...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Fuels & Lubricants Technologies 2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Fuels & Lubricants Technologies Merit review of DOE Vehicle Technologies research activities...

78

Online monitoring of wax deposition in sub-sea pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper describes a new technology (heat pulse wax monitoring) to monitor wax deposition in sub-sea pipelines continuously. The equipment that has been tested in a lab rig consists of a heating element and a temperature sensor which are installed at a fixed point on the oil pipe. By applying a short external heat pulse to the oil pipe, a correlation between the measured transient thermal response and the wax thickness could be derived. If such a system could also be installed in a sub-sea pipeline, it would make continuous measuring of the wax build-up possible. This would in turn allow for a much more efficient use of wax control techniques, by e.g. sending a pig only when a certain thickness threshold has been passed. The equipment in this technology is located outside the pipeline, so that it becomes possible to retrofit it to an existing pipeline. To test the technology, a numerical model was derived to correlate the wax thickness with the thermal readings from the heat pulse wax monitoring. This model was validated using the results from a single-phase flow experimental campaign using a North Sea waxy gas condensate in the Porsgrunn wax deposition test rig. In this experimental campaign, wax deposition experiments were carried out with different flow rates and temperatures. The wax thickness predictions from the heat pulse wax monitoring compared favourably with conventional measurement techniques.

R Hoffmann; L Amundsen; R Schüller

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. Refi ner wholesale petroleum product volumes U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 13 December 2014...

80

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. Refi ner retail petroleum product volumes U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 9 December 2014...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. Refi ner retail petroleum product prices U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 7 December 2014...

82

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products, including statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Ionic Liquids as Novel Lubricants and /or Lubricant Additives  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This ORNL-GM CRADA developed ionic liquids (ILs) as novel lubricants or oil additives for engine lubrication. A new group of oil-miscible ILs have been designed and synthesized with high thermal stability, non-corrosiveness, excellent wettability, and most importantly effective anti-scuffing/anti-wear and friction reduction characteristics. Mechanistic analysis attributes the superior lubricating performance of IL additives to their physical and chemical interactions with metallic surfaces. Working with a leading lubricant formulation company, the team has successfully developed a prototype low-viscosity engine oil using a phosphonium-phosphate IL as an anti-wear additive. Tribological bench tests of the IL-additized formulated oil showed 20-33% lower friction in mixed and elastohydrodynamic lubrication and 38-92% lower wear in boundary lubrication when compared with commercial Mobil 1 and Mobil Clean 5W-30 engine oils. High-temperature, high load (HTHL) full-size engine tests confirmed the excellent anti-wear performance for the IL-additized engine oil. Sequence VID engine dynamometer tests demonstrated an improved fuel economy by >2% for this IL-additized engine oil benchmarked against the Mobil 1 5W-30 oil. In addition, accelerated catalyst aging tests suggest that the IL additive may potentially have less adverse impact on three-way catalysts compared to the conventional ZDDP. Follow-on research is needed for further development and optimization of IL chemistry and oil formulation to fully meet ILSAC GF-5 specifications and further enhance the automotive engine efficiency and durability.

Qu, J. [ORNL; Viola, M. B. [General Motors Company

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

84

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT (PIIRA) PROGRAM REPORTING PETROLEUM AND NON-PETROLEUM ................................................... 40 PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Major Petroleum Product Storer and Terminal Weekly Report Major petroleum product storers, terminal

85

Method For Testing Properties Of Corrosive Lubricants  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of testing corrosive lubricating media using a wear testing apparatus without a mechanical seal. The wear testing apparatus and methods are effective for testing volatile corrosive lubricating media under pressure and at high temperatures.

Ohi, James (Denver, CO); De La Cruz, Jose L. (San Antonio, TX); Lacey, Paul I. (Wexford, IE)

2006-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

86

Design and testing of a procedure for evaluating fuel-efficient crankcase lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experiments were conducted to design and evaluate a procedure for evaluating the fuel efficiency characteristics of crankcase lubricants using the driving cycles of the 1975 Federal Test Procedure and the Highway Fuel Economy Test. Most of the test protocol was based on guidelines proposed by the American Society for Testing and Materials. Three crankcase lubricants and five oil supplements, as well as a baseline lubricant, were used in eight 1980 model-year vehicles of identical make. The vehicles were operated at 75/sup 0/F (24/sup 0/C) in closely controlled chassis dynamometer tests designed to detect small changes in fuel efficiency. Results from these tests showed measurable increases in fuel economy of 0 to 6% with the test lubricants when compared to a common SAE 30 grade oil. These results are not definitive because of lack of quantification of mileage accumulation effects. The test protocol did reduce measurement variability greatly; this procedure can be applied to evaluation of fuel-efficient oils using larger test fleets. A good potential exists for improving the fuel economy of the US automotive fleet. Because of the large quantities of petroleum consumed in the automotive sector, this potential savings translates into conserving a very significant quantity of petroleum.

Naman, T.M.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Synthesis of new high performance lubricants and solid lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In our second year of funding we began the testing phase of a number of new classes of lubricants. Three different testing collaborations have already begun and a fourth one is In the works with Dr. Stephen Hsu of the National Institute of Standards and Technology. Dr. Hsu also plans to test some of the same materials for us that Shell Development is studying. With Dr. Bill Jones of NASA, we are studying the effects of branching an high temperature lubricant properties in perfluoropolyethers, Initially Bill Jones is comparing the lubrication and physical properties of perfluorotetraglyme and the following two spherical perfluoropolyethers, Note that one contains a fluorocarbon chain and the other one contains a fluorocarbon ether chain. The synthesis of these was reported in the last progress report. With Professor Patricia Thiel of Iowa State University, we are working on studies of perfluoromethylene oxide ethers and have prepared a series of four of these polyethers to study in collaboration with her research group. These perfluoromethylene oxide ethers have the best low temperature properties of any known lubricants. Thiel's group is studying their interactions with metals under extreme conditions. Thirdly, we have also begun an Interaction with W. August Birke of Shell Development Company in Houston for whom we have already prepared samples of the chlorine-substituted fluorocarbon polyether lubricants whose structures appear on page 54 of our research proposal. Each of these four structures is thought to have potential as lubricant additives to motor oils. We also have underway syntheses of other fluorine-containing branched ether lubricants. These new materials which are also promising as antifriction additives for motor oils appear ahead of the perfluoro additives as Appendix I to the progress report. Additionally for Birke and Shell Development we have at their request prepared the novel compound perfluoro salicylic acid. This synthesis was suggested by the Shell staff who thought that esters of perfluoro salicylic acid might be an excellent antifriction additive for motor oil fuels. One of the best additives currently used in motor oils is the hydrocarbon ester of salicylic acid.

Lagow, Richard J.

1993-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

88

Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abu Dhabi The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications January 1st ­ December 31st 2007 #12;The Petroleum Institute Scholarly Publications January 1st ­ December 31st 2007 v #12;- 2 - Scholarly Publications 2007 | The Petroleum Institute #12;- 3 - Scholarly Publications 2007 | The Petroleum Institute

89

The Institute of Petroleum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Institute of Petroleum Engineering The Institute of Petroleum Engineering (IPE) is a world leading, specialised centre in research, training and teaching, with the largest petroleum engineering and teaching. Our vision is to be the international institute of choice for research and teaching in petroleum

Painter, Kevin

90

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Crude oil prices U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 3 December 2014...

91

Wax and hydrate control with electrical power  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Electrical heating of subsea flowlines is an effective way to prevent wax and hydrate information, especially for long transportation distances and in low-temperature deep water. Systems are available for use in conjunction with bundles, pipe-in-pipe, and wet-thermal-insulation systems. These systems provide environmentally friendly fluid-temperature control without chemicals or flaring for pipeline depressurizing. Enhanced production is achieved because no time is lost by unnecessary depressurizing, pigging, heating-medium circulation, or removal of hydrate and wax blockages. The seabed temperature at 100-m and greater water depths may range from 7 to {minus}1.5 C, causing a rapid cooling of the hot well streams being transported in subsea flowlines. Under these supercooling conditions, vulnerable crude oils and multiphase compositions will deposit wax and asphalts; also the gas/water phase may freeze solid with hydrate particles. The paper discusses thermal-insulated flowlines, heat-loss compensation with electrical power, electrical power consumption and operation, and subsea electrical-power distribution system.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry ITP Petroleum Refining: Technology Roadmap for the Petroleum Industry petroleumroadmap.pdf More Documents & Publications ITP Aluminum:...

93

ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in California: California Industries of the Future Program ITP Petroleum Refining: Profile of the Petroleum Refining Industry in...

94

Petroleum Refining | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining Petroleum Refining Maintaining the viability of the U.S. petroleum refining industry requires continuous improvement in productivity and energy efficiency. The...

95

Recent Advances in Petroleum Microbiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...48 Becker, J. R. 1997. Crude oil waxes, emulsions, and asphaltenes. PennWell...Kawasaki, Y. Sakai, and N. Kato. 2002. Wax ester production from n-alkanes by Acinetobacter...participates in n-alkane utilization and wax ester synthesis in Acinetobacter sp. strain...

Jonathan D. Van Hamme; Ajay Singh; Owen P. Ward

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Advantages of Biofuels B100 biodiesel has many benefits over traditional, petroleum-based  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Advantages of Biofuels B100 biodiesel has many benefits over traditional, petroleum-based diesel-produced biofuels. Environmental & Social Benefits Decreases emissions of fossil fuels that contribute to climate-powered vessel fleet to biofuels and bio-lubricants. This effort produced the first federal vessel to run

97

Synthesis and Evaluation of Wax Dispersant for Diesel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synthesis and Evaluation of Wax Dispersant for Diesel ... We can predict that the sensitivity of diesels A and C will be better than that of diesel B. ...

Wangang Zheng; Shujun Wang; Jie Liu; Fanbin Meng; Yanshan Li; Huanqing Ma; Ting Li

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

Thermal Energy Storage in Metal Foams filled with Paraffin Wax.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Phase change materials (PCM) such as paraffin wax are known to exhibit slow thermal response due to their relatively low thermal conductivity. In this study,… (more)

Vadwala, Pathik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Kinetics of wax deposition and its movement in a pipeline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An electrical analog has been used in studying the thermal processes involved in crystallization of a wax melt as it moves within a short section of a pipeline.

N. I. Gel'perin; G. I. Lapshenkov…

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Physical properties of wax deposits on the walls of crude pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposits on the wall of a crude oil pipeline are a solid wax network of fine crystals, filled with oil ... this paper, a series of experiments on wax deposition in a laboratory flow loop were ... rate, temper...

Qiyu Huang; Jifeng Wang; Jinjun Zhang

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Some Rheologic Aspects of Petroleum Production  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A critical review and summary are given of some of the rheological aspects of the production and transportation of petroleum. It is shown how the proper flow characteristics of the colloidal dispersions known as drilling fluids may be controlled by chemico?physical methods and the importance of these characteristics in the technique of drilling is analyzed. The laws of flow of gas?oil mixtures through porous media are approached by a study of the permeability factor of such media and applied to the problems of ultimate production production rate effective drainage area etc. of petroleum?producing horizons. The flow of gas?liquid mixtures through pipes is discussed from the standpoint of bringing oil to the surface from the reservoir. Pipeline flow of oil is discussed with particular reference to cold weather flow for oils that exhibit thixotropic properties because of a heavy content of wax. Unsolved problems in these various fields of the rheology of petroleum production are pointed out.

A. G. Loomis; H. A. Ambrose; H. T. Kennedy

1934-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Synthesis of new high performance lubricants and solid lubricants. Progress report, April 1992--March 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthesis and testing was begun on a number of new classes of lubricants: perfluoropolyethers (branching effects), perfluoromethylene oxide ethers, chlorine-substituted fluorocarbon polyethers, fluorine-containing branched ether lubricants, glycerine- based perfluoropolyesters, perfluoro epoxy ether chains, etc.

Lagow, R.J.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009 Released: August 6, 2010 Monthly price and volume statistics on crude oil and petroleum products at a national, regional and state level. Notice: Changes to EIA Petroleum Data Program Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Previous Issues --- Previous reports are available on the historical page. Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts HTML PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users HTML PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT Motor Gasoline to End Users HTML Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel to End Users HTML Other Petroleum Products to End Users HTML

104

100% petroleum house  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I am designing a Case Study House to be sponsored by Royal Dutch Shell which utilizes the by-product of oil extraction, petroleum gas, to produce a zero waste, 100% petroleum based house. The motivation of the Case Study ...

Costanza, David (David Nicholas)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Released: August 6, 2010 Notice: Price data for petroleum products will be changed from cents per gallon to dollars per gallon later this year for the 2010 data. Petroleum...

106

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum...

107

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Refi ner wholesale petroleum product prices Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refi ners'Gas Plant Operators' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales...

108

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum...

109

MECS 2006- Petroleum Refining  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining (NAICS 324110) Sector with Total Energy Input, October 2012 (MECS 2006)

110

Low Reactivity SI Engine Lubricant Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Results showed that lubricant improvement allowed up to 4 degree improvement in spark advance at knock limited conditions resulting in potentially over 3 percent indicated efficiency improvement

111

Research on Fuels & Lubricants | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Fuels lDimethyl Ether Rheology and Materials Studies Natural Oils - The Next Generation of Diesel Engine Lubricants? Combined Heat and Power, Waste Heat, and District Energy...

112

Vehicle Technologies Office: Lubricants | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Batteries Fuel Efficiency & Emissions Combustion Engines Fuel Effects on Combustion Idle Reduction Emissions Waste Heat Recovery Lightweighting Parasitic Loss Reduction Lubricants...

113

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and Exhaust Conditions on Diesel Particulate Filter Service Life and Vehicle Fuel Economy A Consortium to Optimize...

114

Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel Exhaust and Aftertreatment Systems Detailed Characterization of Lubricant-Derived Ash-Related Species in Diesel...

115

Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust Ash Emissions: Lubricant Formulation and Consumption Effects on Diesel Exhaust Ash Emissions: 2005 Diesel Engine...

116

Lubricants - Pathway to Improving Fuel Efficiency of Legacy Fleet...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for low-viscosity lubricants and low-friction surfaces and additives to reduce fuel consumption, and impact of such approaches on other critical lubricant metrics...

117

The Role of Lubricant Additives in Fuel Efficiency and Emission...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant Additives in Fuel Efficiency and Emission Reductions: Viscosity Effects The Role of Lubricant Additives in Fuel Efficiency and Emission Reductions: Viscosity Effects...

118

Axial bearing with gas lubrication for marine turbines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The possibility of enhancing the carrying capacity of the lubricant layer in bearings with gas lubrication is considered, for marine turbines. The basic design features of the hybrid...

M. V. Gribinichenko; A. V. Kurenskii; N. V. Sinenko

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Friction Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components Friction Modeling for Lubricated Engine and Drivetrain Components 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs...

120

Fuels & Lubricants R&D | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Fuels & Lubricants R&D Fuels & Lubricants R&D 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Vehicle...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project Extensive chemical and physical characterization...

122

Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution Heavy-duty engine and light-duty vehicle experiments were conducted to investigate the...

123

Reducing Lubricant Ash Impact on Exhaust Aftertreatment with...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant Ash Impact on Exhaust Aftertreatment with a Oil Conditioning Filter Reducing Lubricant Ash Impact on Exhaust Aftertreatment with a Oil Conditioning Filter Under the test...

124

Minimizing Lubricant-Ash Requirement and Impact on Emission Aftertreat...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant-Ash Requirement and Impact on Emission Aftertreatment Systems via an Oil Conditioning Filter Minimizing Lubricant-Ash Requirement and Impact on Emission...

125

Theoretical study on the lubrication failure for the lubricants with a limiting shear stress  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is observed that the non-slip boundary conditions in the classical lubrication theory are not valid for lubricant with a limiting shear stress. By determining the position of the maximum shear stress and changing velocity boundary condition to stress condition, slip lubrication equations are deduced. With numerical solution of the equations, the location and scale of the boundary slip are analyzed. Finally, after the influences of the slip on the lubrication properties are discussed, results show that a significant decrease of the load carrying capacity causes slip lubrication failure.

Huang Ping; Luo Jianbin; Wen Shizhu

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Formulation of soluble oils with synthetic and petroleum sulfonates  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Metalworking fluids for metal removal are formulated to provide cooling, lubrication, and rust protection when cutting and machining metals. There are basically four types of cutting fluids: straight oils, synthetics, semisynthetic fluids and soluble oils. The last type is the most widely used for metal removal operations such as cutting, drilling and grinding. Soluble oils used for metalworking operations are normally the oil-in-water type, with oil as the internal phase and water as the external phase. The soluble oils can have rather complex compositions, usually containing two or more emulsifiers and coupling agents, as well as additives to provide rust inhibition, lubricity, detergency, resistance to bacterial attack and foam control. The dominant emulsifier in a soluble oil is usually sodium sulfonate which also has the secondary benefit of being a rust inhibitor. Soluble oil emulsions based on petroleum or synthetic sulfonates have been found to improve lubrication and cleaning of metal parts and equipment. As has been done previously, a series of emulsification studies were conducted using petroleum and synthetic sulfonates. Emulsifier level, coemulsifiers and minor formulation adjustments were made to optimize each system. This study was made using naphthenic oil basestock. Formulations were evaluated using criteria including concentrate stability, hard and soft water emulsion stability, emulsibility, foaming tendency and response to defoamers, antirust properties and cost effectiveness of individual formulations. The results of these evaluations are presented in the present paper.

Eckard, A.; Riff, I.; Weaver, J. [Witco Corp., Oakland, NJ (United States)

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Tribological Characterization of Carbon Based Solid Lubricants  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

lubrication modes. ..................... 10 Figure 5. Typical Stribeck Curve [22]. ..................................................................... 11 Figure 6. This figure illustrates the lamellar structure of graphite. ........................... 13... or low pressures, and high and low operating speeds. For purposes of this research, the extreme conditions will refer to high temperatures, and low pressures. The most common types of solid lubricants encompass four materials: graphite, molybdenum...

Sanchez, Carlos Joel

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

128

Phosphoric chemical conversion coating with excellent wax-repellent performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax deposition on pipelines is a serious problem for the production of crude oil. In this paper, phosphoric chemical conversion coatings were exploited to solve the problem. The chemical conversion coatings were fabricated on carbon substrate by surface modification technology at different temperature. A self-designed wax deposition apparatus based on cold-finger was used to study the wax-repellent properties of coatings, which indicated that all chemical conversion coatings showed superior wax-repellent performance to bare carbon substrate and the wax deposition reduction value of 80–95% was achieved by the chemical conversion coating obtained at room temperature. The microstructure and composition of coatings were evaluated by SEM and XRD, revealing that there existed much difference in the content of Zn3(PO4)2(H2O)4 phase and the microstructure among different coatings. The contact angle results measured on a contact angle meter showed that all coatings belonged to hydrophilic surface. And the study on the wetting behavior of Zn3(PO4)2(H2O)4 phase suggested that the water wetting property of coating was a key factor for suppressing wax deposition and the weak affinity between coating and wax also played an important role.

Yuzhen Guo; Weiping Li; Liqun Zhu; Zhiwei Wang; Huicong Liu

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Wax formation in oil pipelines: A critical review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gelling of waxy crudes and the deposition of wax on the inner walls of subsea crude oil pipelines present a costly problem in the production and transportation of oil. The timely removal of deposited wax is required to address the reduction in flow rate that it causes, as well as to avoid the eventual loss of a pipeline in the event that it becomes completely clogged. In order to understand this problem and address it, significant research has been done on the mechanisms governing wax deposition in pipelines in order to model the process. Furthermore, methods of inhibiting the formation of wax on pipeline walls and of removing accumulated wax have been studied to find the most efficient and cost-effective means of maintaining pipelines prone to wax deposition. This paper seeks to review the current state of research into these areas, highlighting what is so far understood about the mechanisms guiding this wax deposition, and how this knowledge can be applied to modelling and providing solutions to this problem.

Ararimeh Aiyejina; Dhurjati Prasad Chakrabarti; Angelus Pilgrim; M.K.S. Sastry

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM PAPER 2002-074 Temperature Canada Ltd. This paper is to be presented at the Petroleum Society's Canadian International Petroleum of the meeting. This paper and any discussion filed will be considered for publication in Petroleum Society

Schramm, Laurier L.

131

PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 PETROLEUM SOCIETY CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGY & PETROLEUM PAPER 2002-092 Effects of Alberta This paper is to be presented at the Petroleum Society's Canadian International Petroleum of the meeting. This paper and any discussion filed will be considered for publication in Petroleum Society

Hossain, M. Enamul

132

Acoustic-wave sensor apparatus for analyzing a petroleum-based composition and sensing solidification of constituents therein  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic-wave sensor apparatus and method are disclosed. The apparatus for analyzing a normally liquid petroleum-based composition includes at least one acoustic-wave device in contact with the petroleum-based composition for sensing or detecting the presence of constituents (e.g. paraffins or petroleum waxes) therein which solidify upon cooling of the petroleum-based composition below a cloud-point temperature. The acoustic-wave device can be a thickness-shear-mode device (also termed a quartz crystal microbalance), a surface-acoustic-wave device, an acoustic-plate-mode device or a flexural plate-wave device. Embodiments of the present invention can be used for measuring a cloud point, a pour point and/or a freeze point of the petroleum-based composition, and for determining a temperature characteristic of each point. Furthermore, measurements with the acoustic-wave sensor apparatus can be made off-line by using a sample having a particular petroleum-based composition; or in-situ with the petroleum-based composition contained within a pipeline or storage tank. The acoustic-wave sensor apparatus has uses in many different petroleum technology areas, including the recovery, transport, storage, refining and use of petroleum and petroleum-based products. 7 figs.

Spates, J.J.; Martin, S.J.; Mansure, A.J.

1997-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

133

Acoustic-wave sensor apparatus for analyzing a petroleum-based composition and sensing solidification of constituents therein  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An acoustic-wave sensor apparatus and method. The apparatus for analyzing a normally liquid petroleum-based composition includes at least one acoustic-wave device in contact with the petroleum-based composition for sensing or detecting the presence of constituents (e.g. paraffins or petroleum waxes) therein which solidify upon cooling of the petroleum-based composition below a cloud-point temperature. The acoustic-wave device can be a thickness-shear-mode device (also termed a quartz crystal mircrobalance), a surface-acoustic-wave device, an acoustic-plate-mode device or a flexural plate-wave device. Embodiments of the present invention can be used for measuring a cloud point, a pour point and/or a freeze point of the petroleum-based composition, and for determining a temperature characteristic of each point. Furthermore, measurements with the acoustic-wave sensor apparatus can be made off-line by using a sample having a particular petroleum-based composition; or in-situ with the petroleum-based composition contained within a pipeline or storage tank. The acoustic-wave sensor apparatus has uses in many different petroleum technology areas, including the recover transport, storage, refining and use of petroleum and petroleum-based products.

Spates, James J. (Albuquerque, NM); Martin, Stephen J. (Albuquerque, NM); Mansure, Arthur J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

135

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2009  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Released: August 6, 2010 Released: August 6, 2010 Notice: Price data for petroleum products will be changed from cents per gallon to dollars per gallon later this year for the 2010 data. Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

136

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 137 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

137

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

138

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 135 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

139

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF

140

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights . Petroleum Marketing Annual Highlights PDF . . Summary Statistics . Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 December 2011 Table 59. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity From 1 to From 2 to 2 3 5 1 3 5 Crude Oil ................................................................. 374 533 - 294 1,445 - Petroleum Products ............................................... 143 6 0 1,165 3,822 0 Liquified Petroleum Gases ................................... - - - - - - Unfinished Oils ..................................................... 65 0 - 0 317 - Motor Gasoline Blending Components ................. 41 0 - 643 183 - Reformulated - RBOB ....................................... - - - - - - Conventional ..................................................... 41 0 - 643 183 - CBOB ...........................................................

142

Stabilizing contact angle hysteresis of paraffin wax surfaces with nanoclay  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Another observation with regard to the effect of the organoclay is that it increases surface roughness. Figure 3 shows optical profilometry images of the pure wax and nanocomposite samples. Average roughness valu...

Gang Pu; Steven J. Severtson

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2014 Table 19. PAD District 4 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, October 2014 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field...

144

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

based on both current weekly data and data published in the most recent month of the Petroleum Supply Monthly. Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Other Renewable Fuels and...

145

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

PAD District 2 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-October 2014 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply...

146

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 21. PAD District 5 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, October 2014 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks...

147

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.PDF Table 23. Percent Yield of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2013 Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast...

148

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.PDF Table 15. Natural Gas Plant Net Production and Stocks of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Production PAD District 1...

149

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides information on current international petroleum production, demand, imports, and stocks. World oil demand and OECD demand data are presented for the years 1970 thru 1995.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Petroleum well costs.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This is the first academic study of well costs and drilling times for Australia??s petroleum producing basins, both onshore and offshore. I analyse a substantial… (more)

Leamon, Gregory Robert

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.PDF Table 10. PAD District 4 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

152

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF Table 22. Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD...

153

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE4.PDF Table 4. PAD District 1 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

154

Strategic Petroleum Reserve  

Energy Savers [EERE]

of petroleum products from the Reserve." Due to significant changes in domestic crude oil production, increased imports of Canadian crude oil, and changes to crude oil...

155

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE8.PDF Table 8. PAD District 3 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

156

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE6.PDF Table 6. PAD District 2 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition...

157

Wax deposition scale-up modeling for waxy crude production lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wax deposition scale-up model has been developed to scale-up laboratory wax deposition results for waxy crude production lines. The wax deposition model allows users to predict wax deposition profile along a cold pipeline and predict potential wax problems and pigging frequency. Consideration of the flow turbulence effect significantly increases prediction accuracy. Accurate wax deposition prediction should save capital and operation investments for waxy crude production systems. Many wax deposition models only apply a molecular diffusion mechanism in modeling and neglect shear effect. However, the flow turbulence effect has significant impact on wax deposition and can not be neglected in wax deposition modeling. Wax deposition scale-up parameters including shear rate, shear stress, and Reynolds number have been studied. None of these parameters can be used as a scaler. Critical wax tension concept has been proposed as a scaler. A technique to scale up shear effect and then wax deposition is described. For a given oil and oil temperature, the laboratory wax deposition data can be scaled up by heat flux and flow velocity. The scale-up techniques could be applied to multiphase flow conditions. Examples are presented in this paper to describe profiles of wax deposition and effective inside diameter along North Sea and West Africa subsea pipelines. The difference of wax deposition profiles from stock tank oil and live oil is also presented.

Hsu, J.J.C.; Brubaker, J.P.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept American Diabetes Association (2012) Region 3 (South Central) ­ Judith Basin, Fergus, Petroleum* #12; Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2 Socioeconomic Measures1

Maxwell, Bruce D.

159

Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication with Polyolester Lubricants and HFC Refrigerants, Final Report, Volume 2  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Lubrication properties of refrigeration lubricants were investigated in high pressure nonconforming contacts under different conditions of temperature, rolling speed, and refrigerant concentration. The program was based upon the recognition that the lubrication regime in refrigeration compressors is generally elastohydrodynamic or hydrodynamic, as determined by the operating conditions of the compressor and the properties of the lubricant. Depending on the compressor design, elastohydrodynamic lubrication conditions exist in many rolling and sliding elements of refrigeration compressors such as roller element bearings, gears, and rotors. The formation of an elastohydrodynamic film separating rubbing surfaces is important in preventing the wear and failure of compressor elements. It is, therefore, important to predict the elastohydrodynamic (EHD) performance of lubricants under realistic tribocontact renditions. This is, however, difficult as the lubricant properties that control film formation are critically dependent upon pressure and shear, and cannot be evaluated using conventional laboratory instruments. In this study, the elastohydrodynamic behavior of refrigeration lubricants with and without the presence of refrigerants was investigated using the ultrathin film EHD interferometry technique. This technique enables very thin films, down to less than 5 nm, to be measured accurately within an EHD contact under realistic conditions of temperature, shear, and pressure. The technique was adapted to the study of lubricant refrigerant mixtures. Film thickness measurements were obtained on refrigeration lubricants as a function of speed, temperature, and refrigerant concentration. The effects of lubricant viscosity, temperature, rolling speed, and refrigerant concentration on EHD film formation were investigated. From the film thickness measurements, effective pressure-viscosity coefficients were calculated. The lubricants studied in this project included two naphthenic mineral oils (NMO), four polyolesters (POE), and two polyvinyl ether (PVE) fluids. These fluids represented viscosity grades of ISO 32 and ISO 68 and are shown in a table. Refrigerants studied included R-22, R-134a, and R-410A. Film thickness measurements were conducted at 23 C, 45 C, and 65 C with refrigerant concentrations ranging from zero to 60% by weight.

Gunsel, Selda; Pozebanchuk, Michael

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Preparation of synthetic hydrocarbon lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process is described for preparing synthetic lubricating materials which process comprises: (a) reacting (i) at least a portion of a reaction product of the liquid phase oligomerization of propylene, butylene or mixtures thereof containing a C/sub 6/ olefin component, (ii) a linear olefin reactant having an average carbon number ranging from about 10 to about 18 in the presence of a catalyst, (b) separating from the reaction mixture of (a) hydrocarbons which distill at a temperature above about 660/sup 0/ F. (316/sup 0/ C.), and (c) hydrogenating the reaction product of (b) by contact with hydrogen with or without a catalyst at a temperature ranging from about 25/sup 0/ C. to about 300/sup 0/ C.

Johnson, T.H.

1986-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel. The Origin of Biodiesel Lubricity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lubricity of Components of Biodiesel and Petrodiesel. ... The use of vegetable oil based fuels, called biodiesels, lowers particulate emissions due to the increased oxygen content of the fuel. ...

Gerhard Knothe; Kevin R. Steidley

2005-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

162

Petroleum Supply Monthly September 2004  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Production and Stocks of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining District PDF TXT . Refinery Operations 28 Refinery Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining...

163

Petroleum Reserves | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

of gasoline for consumers in the northeastern United States. Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves The Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserve (NPOSR) has a storied history...

164

Metallic Wear in the Presence of Lubricants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... or adhesion of one to the other leading to a roughness; the extent of this roughening and of the consequent wear is determined by the continuity of the film of lubricant ...

1936-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

165

Biodiesel Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Impact on Engine Lubricant Oil Dilution Xin He, Aaron M. Williams, Earl D. Christensen, Jonathan L. Burton, Robert L. McCormick National Renewable Energy Laboratory October 5, 2011...

166

Petroleum | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Petroleum Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is Table 12, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses 2009 dollars per gallon. The data is broken down into crude oil prices, residential, commercial, industrial, transportation, electric power and refined petroleum product prices. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA Petroleum prices Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Petroleum Product Prices- Reference Case (xls, 129.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

167

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Released: August 29, 2008 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

168

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2008  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Released: August 27, 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner Acquisition Cost of Crude Oil by PAD Districts PDF TXT 2 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 3 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products to End Users PDF TXT 4 U.S. Refiner Prices of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 5 U.S. Refiner Volumes of Petroleum Products for Resale PDF TXT 6 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 7 U.S. Refiner Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 8 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT 9 U.S. Refiner Conventional Motor Gasoline Volumes by Grade and Sales Type PDF TXT

169

Advanced lubrication systems and materials. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report described the work conducted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology under an interagency agreement signed in September 1992 between DOE and NIST for 5 years. The interagency agreement envisions continual funding from DOE to support the development of fuel efficient, low emission engine technologies in terms of lubrication, friction, and wear control encountered in the development of advanced transportation technologies. However, in 1994, the DOE office of transportation technologies was reorganized and the tribology program was dissolved. The work at NIST therefore continued at a low level without further funding from DOE. The work continued to support transportation technologies in the development of fuel efficient, low emission engine development. Under this program, significant progress has been made in advancing the state of the art of lubrication technology for advanced engine research and development. Some of the highlights are: (1) developed an advanced high temperature liquid lubricant capable of sustaining high temperatures in a prototype heat engine; (2) developed a novel liquid lubricant which potentially could lower the emission of heavy duty diesel engines; (3) developed lubricant chemistries for ceramics used in the heat engines; (4) developed application maps for ceramic lubricant chemistry combinations for design purpose; and (5) developed novel test methods to screen lubricant chemistries for automotive air-conditioning compressors lubricated by R-134a (Freon substitute). Most of these findings have been reported to the DOE program office through Argonne National Laboratory who manages the overall program. A list of those reports and a copy of the report submitted to the Argonne National Laboratory is attached in Appendix A. Additional reports have also been submitted separately to DOE program managers. These are attached in Appendix B.

Hsu, S.

1998-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

170

[en] ASSESSMENT OF MOLECULAR DIFFUSION AS A MECHANISM FOR WAX DEPOSITION IN PETROLEUM PIPELINES.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??[pt] Deposição de parafinas, com alto peso molecular, na parede interna de linhas submarinas de produção e transporte continua a ser um problema crítico encontrado… (more)

MAO ILICH ROMERO VELASQUEZ

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Fact #736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

6: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The Difference is Growing Fact 736: July 16, 2012 Total Petroleum Imports and Net Petroleum Imports: The...

172

Compatibility of lubricant additives with HFC refrigerants and synthetic lubricants. Final report, Part 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Part one of this research provides manufacturers of components of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment with a useful list of lubricant additives, sources, functional properties and chemical species. The list in part one is comprised of domestic lubricant additive suppliers and the results of a literature search that was specifically targeted for additives reported to be useful in polyolester chemistry.

Cavestri, R.C. [Imagination Resources, Inc., Dublin, OH (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Calculations aid breaking of wax-plugged lines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Manipulation of pressure/volume data helps locate a wax plug in a pipeline, and it may then be possible to clear the line by interception of the plug with a hot tap. Or, in an extreme case, information obtained from the pressure/volume data will allow better assessment of where to replace the pipe. The possibility of a pipeline becoming plugged by paraffin buildup is greatest in winter when cooler temperatures may cause wax to precipitate and plate out on the pipe walls or completely gel in the line. The risk of plugging is also greatest during pigging. This is because passage of the pig may cause a large mass of wax to accumulate by scraping a thin layer of wax from a long length of pipe. This type of plug does not enlarge once the pipeline is stopped up. It has been successfully cleared by tapping the pipeline at a point within the wax blockage and then pumping the plug out in sections.

Gilchrist, R.T. Jr.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

CALIFORNIA ENERGY PETROLEUM FUELSPETROLEUM FUELS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM FUELSPETROLEUM FUELS SET-ASIDE PROGRAMSET-ASIDE PROGRAM for administering the Petroleum Fuels Set-Aside Program (Fuels Set-Aside Program). During a proclaimed state of emergency, intrastate petroleum and petroleum product stocks that are essential to life, property

175

Petroleum marketing monthly  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.PDF 8.PDF Table 38. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity From 1 to From 2 to 2 3 5 1 3 5 Crude Oil ................................................................. 18 141 - 303 1,948 - Petroleum Products ............................................... 137 44 0 855 3,010 0 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. - 0 - 0 0 - Unfinished Oils ..................................................... 36 0 - 0 871 - Motor Gasoline Blending Components ................. 83 0 - 396 158 - Reformulated - RBOB ....................................... - - - - - - Conventional ..................................................... 83 0 - 396 158 - CBOB ........................................................... 0 0 - 396 0 -

177

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Carol L. French Overview Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Division (PD) in the Office of Oil and Gas (OOG) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) showed an improvement in the accuracy of the 2005 data from initial estimates, to interim values, to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD products: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), This Week in Petroleum (TWIP), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and TWIP were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates that as reporting and review time passes from the weekly estimates to the interim monthly values to the final petroleum supply values, the EIA is able to produce more accurate petroleum supply data. For the monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data, respondents

178

Petroleum supply monthly, August 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. Data presented are divided into Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petrolem Reports Petrolem Reports Weekly Petroleum Status Report Data for week ending Dec. 13, 2013 | Release Date: Dec. 18, 2013 | Next Release Date: Dec. 27, 2013 | full report Previous Issues Week: December 18, 2013 December 11, 2013 December 4, 2013 November 27, 2013 November 20, 2013 November 14, 2013 November 6, 2013 October 30, 2013 October 23, 2013 October 21, 2013 October 9, 2013 October 2, 2013 prior issues Go The petroleum supply situation in the context of historical information and selected prices. Released after 10:30 a.m. 1:00 p.m. Highlights Weekly Petroleum Status Report Highlights PDF PDF Data Overview (Combined Table 1 and Table 9) PDF Tables 1 U.S. Petroleum Balance Sheet CSV XLS PDF 2 U.S. Inputs and Production by PAD District CSV XLS PDF

180

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Figure 7. Daily Crude Oil and Petroleum Product Spot Prices, January 2013 to Present Figure 8. Daily Trans-Atlantic Spot Product Price Differentials: New York Harbor less...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, January 2013 to Present Note: See Appendix B, Weekly Petroleum Price Surveys, page 40 for more information about the data in this graph. Source:...

182

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights ....

183

Petroleum Supply Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

6.PDF Table 16. Refinery and Blender Net Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East...

184

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2007  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Released: August 29, 2008 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner...

185

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Information Administration, Form EIA-782A, "Refi ners'Gas Plant Operators' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." Source: U. U. U. U S. S S S S E E E Ene ne erg r r y y y In n...

186

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 October 2014 Table 37. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, October 2014 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4...

187

Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 1.2MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights ....

188

Petroleum Marketing Annual 2008  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Released: August 27, 2009 Petroleum Marketing Annual --- Full report in PDF (1.2 MB) Summary Statistics Summary Statistics Tables PDF 1 Crude Oil Prices PDF TXT 1A Refiner...

189

Petroleum Marketing Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 Entire . The entire report as a single file. PDF 2.9MB . . Front Matter . Petroleum Marketing Annual Cover Page, Contacts, Preface, and Table of Contents PDF . . Highlights ....

190

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

acquisition cost for crude oil declined 3.34 (3.5 percent), to 92.27 per barrel. Petroleum products Motor gasoline * September monthly average prices for refi ner sales of...

191

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

October 2011 Table 55. Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, October 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Crude Oil...

192

Petroleum Marketing Monthly  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

See footnotes at end of table. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Petroleum Marketing Monthly 14 December 2014 Table 6. U.S. refi ner motor gasoline prices by grade and...

193

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 Appendix B Explanatory Notes and Detailed Methods Report 1. Overview .................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34 A. The Energy Information Administration's Quality Guidelines ............................................................................................................ 34 B. Concepts of Product Supply and Demand ........................................................................................................................................... 34 2. Weekly Petroleum Supply Surveys ............................................................................................................................................................

194

Petroleum Supply Annual  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7.PDF Table 37. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline Between PAD Districts, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity From 1 to From 2 to From 3 to 2 3 1 3 4 1...

195

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.PDF Table 31. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Total Daily Average Crude...

196

Supercritical Fluid Extraction as a Cleanup Technique for Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Pesticides in Wool Wax  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Supercritical Fluid Extraction as a Cleanup Technique for Gas Chromatographic Analysis of Pesticides in Wool Wax ... Wool wax is the lipid secreted by the sebaceous glands of sheep and is recovered during the scouring of raw wool. ...

F. William Jones

1997-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

197

Effect of operating conditions on wax deposition in a laboratory flow loop characterized with DSC technique  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crude oil is a mixture of a diverse group of paraffins, aromatics, naphthenes, resins, asphaltenes, etc. Among these groups of hydrocarbons, heavy paraffinic hydrocarbons (waxes) can cause wax deposition on the pipeline

Wenda Wang; Qiyu Huang; Changhui Wang; Si Li…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 42. PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 1,083 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

199

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 September 2013 Table 46. PAD District 2 - Year-to-Date Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 11,451 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. 949 - - - - - - - - - Libya ...................................

200

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

58 58 September 2013 Table 41. PAD District 1 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 12,102 - - - - - - - 2,112 2,112 Algeria ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ 3,271 - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - 160 160 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... 1,046

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 September 2013 Table 44. PAD District 4 and 5 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total PAD District 4 OPEC ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - -

202

Petroleum basin studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This book reviews the tectonic setting, basin development and history of exploration of a number of selected petroleum provinces located in a variety of settings in the Middle East, North Sea, Nigeria, the Rocky Mountains, Gabon and China. This book illustrates how ideas and models developed in one area may be applied to other regions. Regional reviews and the reassessment of petroleum provinces are presented.

Shannon, P.M. (Univ. College, Dublin (IE)); Naylor, D. (Westland Exploration Ltd., Dublin (IE))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.PDF 8.PDF Table 28. PAD District 2 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 1,764 - - - - - - - - - Algeria ................................ 1,043 - - - - - - - - - Angola ................................ - - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - - - - - - Nigeria ................................

204

1991 international petroleum encyclopedia  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is no other petroleum industry publication quite like the International Petroleum Encyclopedia. With a timely, accurate combination of global industry coverage and analysis, detailed statistical surveys, cutting-edge reports on technological advancements and the ever-popular atlas maps, the 1991 International Petroleum Encyclopedia is a smart buy for professionals whose business is oil and gas, as well as for those whose business is affected by the industry's trends and developments. Written by a professional staff of Oil and Gas Journal petroleum experts, the 1991 IPE gives you the all important global perspective for constructing sound business strategies for the 90's. The petroleum industry is scrambling for information that will help it survive this volitile period. This book reports on the topics in the petroleum industry the latest developments in horizontal drilling, world refining (the latest information on reformulated fuels), and predictions about the post-war Persian Gulf industry. PULS, discussions on changes in the Gulf of Mexico, developments in the LNG trade, and crude oil tanker supply/.demand curves.

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Lubricants- Pathway to Improving Fuel Efficiency of Legacy Fleet Vehicles  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Reviews recent studies on potential for low-viscosity lubricants and low-friction surfaces and additives to reduce fuel consumption, and impact of such approaches on other critical lubricant metrics

206

Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory (Fact Sheet), NREL...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory State-of-the-Art Fuel and Vehicle Testing The Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Energy's...

207

Overview of DOE Fuel & Lubricant Technologies R&D | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Overview of DOE Fuel & Lubricant Technologies R&D Overview of DOE Fuel & Lubricant Technologies R&D 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit Review and Peer...

208

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Petroleum Refining (2010 MECS) Manufacturing Energy and Carbon Footprint for Petroleum Refining Sector (NAICS 324110) Energy use data source: 2010...

209

COMMON SENSE REASONING ABOUT PETROLEUM FLOW  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SENSE REASONING ABOUT . PETROLEUM FLOW Steven Rosenberg I 'Sense Reasoning about Petroleum Flow By Steven Rosenbergand reasoning in a petroleum resources domain. A basic model

Rosenberg, Steven

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Mathematical formulation and numerical modeling of wax deposition in pipelines from enthalpyporosity approach  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mathematical formulation and numerical modeling of wax deposition in pipelines from enthalpy and in the North Sea, the deposition of wax crystals in oil and gas pipelines becomes a major concern operational complexities. To pre- vent blockage of pipelines, wax deposits should be removed periodically

Firoozabadi, Abbas

211

Heat and mass transport in non-isothermal partially saturated oil-wax Antonio Fasano1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mario Primicerio1 Abstract Deposition of wax at the wall of pipelines during the flow of mineral oilsHeat and mass transport in non-isothermal partially saturated oil-wax solutions Antonio Fasano1 of the main mechanisms at the origin of wax deposition, i.e. diffusion in non-isothermal solutions. We

Primicerio, Mario

212

Multi component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

More Documents & Publications Multi-component Nanoparticle Based Lubricant Additive to Improve Efficiency and Durability in Engines ITP Nanomanufacturing:...

213

Tribological behavior of some candidate advanced space lubricants  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Performance of a variety of space lubricants was compared under boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL). The types of fluids studied were naphthenic mineral oil, paraffinic mineral oil, polyalphaolefin, and silahydrocarbon. The silahydrocarbon and the polyalphaolefin lubricants exhibited lower traction under similar conditions. A specific additive package increased the traction of the polyalphaolefin. Volatility characteristics of some of these fluids were also studied. 10 refs.

Sharma, S.K.; Snyder, C.E. Jr.; Gschwender, L.J. (USAF, Wright Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Guidelines for maintaining steam turbine lubrication systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Failures of steam turbine bearings and rotors cost the utility industry an estimated $150 million a year. A third of these failures involve contaminated lubricants or malfunctioning lubricant supply system components. This report, outlining a comprehensive surveillance program, presents guidelines for maintaining major elements in the turbine lubrication system.

Lamping, G.A.; Cuellar, J.P. Jr.; Silvus, H.S.; Barsun, H.F.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Mathematical modeling of wax deposition in oil pipeline systems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Deposition of wax on the wall of oil pipelines is often regarded as a problem since the tube diameter is reduced. Consequently, more power is needed to force the same amount of oil through the system. A mathematical model for quantitative prediction of wax deposition for each hydrocarbon component has been developed. Each component is characterized by weight fraction, heat of fusion, and melting point temperature. A model explains how a phase transition in the flow from liquid oil to waxy crystals may create a local density gradient and mass flux, which depends on the local temperature gradient. The model predicts that wax deposition can be considerably reduced even when the wall temperature is below the wax appearance point, provided the liquid/solid phase transition, expressed by the change in moles of liquid with temperature, is small at the wall temperature. Deposition as function of time has been obtained as a solution of differential equations derived from the principles of mass and energy conservation and the laws of diffusion.

Svendsen, J.A. (Hydro Research Centre, Porsgrunn (Norway). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Wax Segregation in Oils: A Multiscale Mario Primicerio  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wax Segregation in Oils: A Multiscale Problem. Mario Primicerio Department of Mathematics "Ulisse in the pipeline. The experimental evidence is that when these oils are pumped in pipelines crossing zones at relatively low temperature (as e.g. in the submarine pipelines) a deposit is formed at the walls that grows

Primicerio, Mario

217

AnnualReport2012 Department of Petroleum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AnnualReport2012 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics #12;Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics S. P . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Center for integrated operations in the petroleum industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 EDUCATION

Malinnikova, Eugenia

218

US Dependence on Petroleum  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES U.S. SENATE FEBRUARY 24, 2000 Increases in Crude Oil, Distillate Fuels and Gasoline Prices I wish to thank the Committee for the opportunity to testify on behalf of Jay Hakes, Administrator of the Energy Information Administration, who regrets that he was unable to be here today. I will focus on the status of the current crude oil market and its effects on the heating oil, diesel, and gasoline markets and prices. As I will explain, world demand exceeded crude oil production in 1999, largely as a result of the decline in production by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and several other exporting countries. Inventories were used to meet the excess

219

Petroleum Supply Monthly Archives  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Supply Monthly Petroleum Supply Monthly Petroleum Supply Monthly Archives With Data for December 2011 | Release Date: February 29, 2012 Changes to Table 26. "Production of Crude Oil by PAD District and State": Current State-level data are now included in Table 26, in addition to current U.S. and PAD District sums. State offshore production for Louisiana, Texas, Alaska, and California, which are included in the State totals, are no longer reported separately in a "State Offshore Production" category. Previously, State-level values lagged 2 months behind the U.S. and PAD District values. Beginning with this publication, they will be on the same cycle. Also included in this publication are two additional pages for Table 26 that provide October and November data. With the release of

220

US Dependence on Petroleum  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION DIRECTOR, PETROLEUM DIVISION ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND POWER COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES MARCH 9, 2000 Summary World crude oil and petroleum product prices have risen rapidly over the past twelve months, from about $12 per barrel in February to touch $34 this week. While $34 adjusted for inflation is still less than the $70 per barrel seen in 1981, the extreme price volatility over the last year has created market dislocations. The recent price rise is the result of a shift in the world balance between production and demand. Over the last year, as OPEC and several other exporting countries cut output, world oil demand exceeded production, and inventories were used to meet demand growth. World

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 December 2011 Table 60. Net Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 PAD District 2 PAD District 3 Receipts Shipments Net Receipts Receipts Shipments Net Receipts Receipts Shipments Net Receipts Crude Oil ................................................................. 1,141 1,441 -300 34,752 8,711 26,041 6,469 28,784 -22,315 Petroleum Products ............................................... 100,976 9,207 101,951 35,804 23,219 -6,304 23,593 122,848 -94,762 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... 0 0 - 3,260 417 2,843 1,046 2,853 -1,807 Liquified Petroleum Gases ................................... 3,702 0 3,702 10,375 13,641 -3,266 17,197 8,355 8,842 Ethane/Ethylene

222

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 December 2011 Table 58. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline Between PAD Districts, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity From 1 to From 2 to From 3 to 2 3 1 3 4 1 2 4 5 Crude Oil ................................................................. 0 534 165 3,957 2,850 682 28,102 0 - Petroleum Products ............................................... 9,058 0 1,967 13,942 2,323 79,774 19,452 0 4,094 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... 0 0 - 417 0 - 2,853 0 - Liquified Petroleum Gases ................................... 0 0 1,539 12,003 99 2,163 6,192 0 - Motor Gasoline Blending Components ................. 4,890 0 55 433 346 34,021 4,008 0 3,145 Reformulated - RBOB ....................................... 0 0 0 433 - 8,214 1,484 - 2,074 Conventional .....................................................

223

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 December 2011 Table 57. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity From 1 to From 2 to From 3 to 2 3 5 1 3 4 5 1 2 Crude Oil ................................................................. 374 1,067 - 459 5,402 2,850 - 682 28,102 Petroleum Products ............................................... 9,201 6 0 3,132 17,764 2,323 0 97,844 20,880 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... 0 0 - - 417 0 - - 2,853 Liquified Petroleum Gases ................................... 0 0 - 1,539 12,003 99 - 2,163 6,192 Unfinished Oils ..................................................... 65 0 - 0 317 - - 0 347 Motor Gasoline Blending Components ................. 4,931 0 0 698 616 346 0 40,455 4,008 Reformulated - RBOB

224

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.PDF 9.PDF Table 39. Net Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 PAD District 2 PAD District 3 Receipts Shipments Net Receipts Receipts Shipments Net Receipts Receipts Shipments Net Receipts Crude Oil ................................................................. 740 321 419 34,006 10,274 23,732 7,482 27,754 -20,272 Petroleum Products ............................................... 101,184 8,513 103,178 33,918 22,673 -8,062 23,754 122,191 -93,986 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... 0 0 - 4,568 406 4,162 1,111 4,121 -3,010 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 2,621 0 2,621 10,547 13,760 -3,213 17,861 7,305 10,556 Ethane/Ethylene ...............................................

225

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 34. Refinery Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Crude Oil ..................................................................... 7,701 438 8,139 9,500 1,435 1,985 12,920 Petroleum Products ................................................... 14,683 1,697 16,380 31,875 7,020 10,626 49,521 Pentanes Plus .......................................................... - - - 120 - 295 415 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ...................................... 771 66 837 4,084 535 1,142 5,761 Ethane/Ethylene ...................................................

226

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.PDF 6.PDF Table 36. Movements of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity From 1 to From 2 to From 3 to 2 3 5 1 3 4 5 1 2 Crude Oil ................................................................. 146 175 - 475 6,913 2,886 - 265 27,489 Petroleum Products ............................................... 8,469 44 0 2,765 17,339 2,569 0 98,419 19,332 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... 0 0 - - 406 0 - - 4,121 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 0 0 - 1,378 12,271 111 - 1,243 6,062 Unfinished Oils ..................................................... 36 0 - 0 871 - - 0 47 Motor Gasoline Blending Components ................. 4,378 0 0 536 527 307 0 41,206 3,077 Reformulated - RBOB .......................................

227

The Experimental Study on the Wax-Deposit Law in High-Pour-Point Crude Oi1 Transportation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High pour point properties of crude oil are generally due to the high wax content, so the study of the laws and the characteristics of wax deposition are significant for taking steps to save energy and transport safely. For the wax deposition of high ... Keywords: pipeline transportation, high-pour-point waxy crude, wax deposition law, DSC, experimental study

Wang Zhihua; Si Minglin; Wang Jinxiu; Li Jungang

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Petroleum Reserves | Department of Energy  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Services » Petroleum Reserves Services » Petroleum Reserves Petroleum Reserves Strategic Petroleum Reserve The SPR is the largest stockpile of government-owned emergency crude oil in the world. Read more Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve The existence of the NEHHOR provides an important safety cushion for millions of Americans. Read more Naval Petroleum Reserves The only remaining naval petroleum reserve managed by DOE is the Teapot Dome field (NPR-3) in Casper, Wyoming. Read more Strategic Petroleum Reserve With a capacity of 727-million-barrels, the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve is the largest stockpile of government-owned emergency crude oil in the world. Established in the aftermath of the 1973-74 oil embargo, the SPR provides the President with a powerful response option should a disruption

229

Gulfsands Petroleum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gulfsands Petroleum Gulfsands Petroleum Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Gulfsands Petroleum Name Gulfsands Petroleum Address 2-4 Cork Street Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1S 3LG Product oil and gas exploration and production Stock Symbol AIM:GPX Phone number +44 20 7434 60 60 Website http://www.gulfsands.com/s/Hom References Gulfsands Petroleum[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Gulfsands Petroleum is a company based in London, United Kingdom. Gulfsands Petroleum has oil exploration and development projects in Syria, oil exploration projects in Tunisia, and upstream and midstream oil and gas development activities in Iraq. While Gulfsands Petroleum's focus areas are

230

Petroleum supply monthly, August 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data presented in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1994-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

231

Exploring Low Emission Lubricants for Diesel Engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A workshop to explore the technological issues involved with the removal of sulfur from lubricants and the development of low emission diesel engine oils was held in Scottsdale, Arizona, January 30 through February 1, 2000. It presented an overview of the current technology by means of panel discussions and technical presentations from industry, government, and academia.

Perez, J. M.

2000-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

232

Inertial Lubrication Theory N. O. Rojas,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inertial Lubrication Theory N. O. Rojas,1 M. Argentina,1 E. Cerda,2 and E. Tirapegui3 1 Universite on the boundary conditions enforced, the energy input and the specific Reynolds number of the fluid motion. Here input of energy. We derive the minimal set of equations containing inertial effects in this strongly

Argentina, Mederic

233

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 32. Blender Net Inputs of Petroleum Products by PAD District, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ....................................................... 308 5 313 45 44 345 434 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... - - - - 2 75 77 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 308 5 313 45 42 270 357 Normal Butane .................................................. 308 5 313 45 42 270 357 Isobutane .......................................................... - - - - - - - Other Liquids ..........................................................

234

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF 2.PDF Table 32. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 0 - - 58 58 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 1 1 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 0 6 - - 21 21 2 0 2 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - 2 - - - - - - 0 0 Belize .................................. - - - - - 62 62 - 0 0 Brazil ................................... - 0 410 - - 609 609 - - - Canada ............................... 2,425 2,728 421 - - 34 34 0 183 183 Cayman Islands .................. - - - - - 25 25 - -

235

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 40. Year-to-Date Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 969,414 375 - 26,834 - - - 69 16,922 16,991 Algeria ................................ 8,776 302 - 19,131 - - - 69 275 344 Angola ................................ 60,776 - - 2,435 - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 63,927 - - 181 - - - - 845 845 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 101,662 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait .................................

236

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 51. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 0 0 - - 118 118 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 0 0 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - - 23 - - 875 875 0 314 315 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - - - - - - - - - - Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - - - Brazil ................................... - 4 1,238 - - - - - - - Canada ............................... 2,975 2,324 654 - - 348 348 0 1,408 1,408 Cayman Islands ..................

237

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 43. PAD District 3 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 72,560 - - 2,597 - - - - - - Algeria ................................ - - - 2,099 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 1,423 - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 2,190 - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 4,104 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. 7,946 - - - - - - - - - Libya ...................................

238

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 19. PAD District 4 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 393 - - - - 330 -111 -46 4 562 0 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 406 0 2 15 -333 - - 0 20 9 61 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 58 0 - - - -33 - - 0 6 9 10 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 348 - - 2 15 -299 - -

239

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 23. PAD District 5 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 1,197 - - - - 1,186 - -47 -4 2,340 0 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 69 0 14 4 - - - -60 83 20 43 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 32 0 - - - - - - -1 26 2 5 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 37 - - 14 4 - - - -59

240

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.PDF 0.PDF Table 20. Blender Net Inputs of Petroleum Products by PAD Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ....................................................... 158 5 163 47 18 168 233 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... 5 - 5 - - 5 5 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 153 5 158 47 18 163 228 Normal Butane .................................................. 153 5 158 47 18 163 228 Isobutane .......................................................... - - - - - - - Other Liquids ..........................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.PDF 3.PDF Table 33. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 3,814 16 -28 94 - -34 -34 - 77 77 Algeria ................................ 113 - - 71 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 364 - 3 12 - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 100 - -20 - - -9 -9 - 0 0 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 374 0 - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. 319 0 - - - - - - 0 0 Libya ................................... - - -

242

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 7. PAD District 1 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 24 - - - - 854 -10 42 -28 935 3 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 42 0 27 67 119 - - -30 26 1 259 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 7 0 - - - - - - 0 - 0 7 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 35 - - 27 67 119 - - -30 26

243

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 47. PAD District 3 - Year-to-Date Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 639,194 302 - 19,745 - - - - 890 890 Algeria ................................ 2,113 302 - 14,873 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 17,325 - - 1,766 - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 14,996 - - 181 - - - - 157 157 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 57,792 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait .................................

244

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.PDF 7.PDF Table 27. PAD District 1 - Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 13,474 - - 375 - - - - 2,130 2,130 Algeria ................................ 1,393 - - 375 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 2,644 - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 1,307 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - - - - - - - - - - Libya ................................... - - - - - -

245

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 September 2013 Table 53. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 3,690 0 -28 112 - -37 -37 - 70 70 Algeria ................................ 27 - - 95 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 226 - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 250 - -28 - - -9 -9 - 5 5 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 287 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. 299 0 - - - - - - - - Libya ...................................

246

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 54. Year-to-Date Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 3,551 1 -23 98 - -55 -55 0 60 60 Algeria ................................ 32 1 - 70 - -2 -2 0 1 1 Angola ................................ 223 - - 9 - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 234 0 -12 1 - -15 -15 - 3 3 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 372 - - - - - - - 0 0 Kuwait ................................. 316 0 - - - - - - 0 0 Libya ...................................

247

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6.PDF 6.PDF Table 26. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 118,223 496 94 2,901 - - - - 2,386 2,386 Algeria ................................ 3,505 - - 2,200 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 11,282 - 94 378 - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 3,087 - - - - - - - - - Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 11,596 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. 9,882 - - - - - - - - - Libya ...................................

248

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

50 50 September 2013 Table 39. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 110,695 - - 3,356 - - - - 2,112 2,112 Algeria ................................ 800 - - 2,858 - - - - - - Angola ................................ 6,792 - - - - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. 7,502 - - - - - - - 160 160 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 8,618 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. 8,980 - - - - - - - - - Libya ...................................

249

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 20. PAD District 4 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 511 - - - - 289 -169 -49 4 579 0 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 316 0 13 11 -264 - - 2 16 15 44 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 50 0 - - 0 -38 - - 0 6 13 -7 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

250

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 45. PAD District 1 - Year-to-Date Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Country of Origin Crude Oil 1,2 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils 1 Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total OPEC ..................................... 130,822 73 - 4,052 - - - 69 16,032 16,101 Algeria ................................ 4,828 - - 2,036 - - - 69 275 344 Angola ................................ 24,309 - - 669 - - - - - - Ecuador .............................. - - - - - - - - 688 688 Iran ..................................... - - - - - - - - - - Iraq ..................................... 2,713 - - - - - - - - - Kuwait ................................. - -

251

PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION PETROLEUM INDUSTRY INFORMATION REPORTING ACT: RULEMAKING;1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In the six months since the new Petroleum Industry Information Reporting Act (PIIRA which is used by the petroleum industry and market trading groups to assess the trends in California

252

Petroleum supply monthly, September 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administrations for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics. 65 tabs.

Not Available

1991-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

253

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of four publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information Administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report, and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in primary supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections: Summary Statistics and Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

254

Petroleum Supply Monthly, August 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) is one of a family of three publications produced by the Petroleum Supply Division within the Energy Information administration (EIA) reflecting different levels of data timeliness and completeness. The other two publications are the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR) and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) district movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data presented in the PSM are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics.

Not Available

1990-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

255

Studies of wax deposition in the Trans Alaska pipeline  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The crude oil being pumped into the Trans Alaska pipeline experiences considerable cooling during its 800-mile (1,287 km) journey from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez. The conditions during the initial flow period were favorable especially for the deposition of the waxy constituents of the crude on the pipeline wall. As time passed and the crude oil flow rate increased, segments of the pipeline warmed up to temperatures greater than that at which wax deposition occurs. This study investigated mechanisms of wax deposition and determined the expected nature and thickness of deposits in the pipeline as a function of time and distance. Results indicate that deposition during start-up is a consequence of 3 separate mechanisms which transport both dissolved and precipitated waxy residue laterally. 31 references.

Burger, E.D.; Perkins, T.K.; Striegler, J.H.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

In situ nitrogen generation removes wax from flowlines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Formation of paraffin (wax) in cold deepwater flowlines is a major problem for offshore operators of such facilities. Petrobras faces this problem continuously in its deepwater operations in the Campos basin, offshore Brazil. Since 1990, through its Petrobras Research Center (CENPES), the company has developed, extensively field tested, and recently commercialized, a novel technique for chemically removing such wax depositions. The process involves mixing and introducing to the line, two inorganic salts and organic solvents. The ensuing chemical reaction--which both generates nitrogen and heats the inside of the blocked flowline--allows the solvent to dissolve and dislodge the buildup, which is then flushed from the line. The process is called the Nitrogen Generation System (SGN). Petrobras/CENPES has recently formed a joint venture with the Brazilian service company Maritima Navegacao e Engenharia Ltda. to offer SGN services worldwide.

Khalil, C.N. [Petrobras S.A., Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

MHK Projects/Wax Lake Outlet | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wax Lake Outlet Wax Lake Outlet < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.6455,"lon":-91.394,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

258

Petroleum Supply Monthly, July 1990  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data presented in the PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 states and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States.

Not Available

1990-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

259

Effect of microwave radiation on Jayadhar cotton fibers: WAXS studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal effect in the form of micro wave energy on Jayadhar cotton fiber has been investigated. Microstructural parameters have been estimated using wide angle x-ray scattering (WAXS) data and line profile analysis program developed by us. Physical properties like tensile strength are correlated with X-ray results. We observe that the microwave radiation do affect significantly many parameters and we have suggested a multivariate analysis of these parameters to arrive at a significant result.

Niranjana, A. R., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Mahesh, S. S., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Divakara, S., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com; Somashekar, R., E-mail: arnphysics@gmail.com [Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Mysore-570006 (India)

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

260

Rubber friction on (apparently) smooth lubricated surfaces  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study rubber sliding friction on hard lubricated surfaces. We show that even if the hard surface appears smooth to the naked eye, it may exhibit short wavelength roughness, which may give the dominant contribution to rubber friction. That is, the observed sliding friction is mainly due to the viscoelastic deformations of the rubber by the substrate surface asperities. The presented results are of great importance for rubber sealing and other rubber applications involving (apparently) smooth surfaces.

M. Mofidi; B. Prakash; B. N. J. Persson; O. Albohl

2007-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 52. Year-to-Date Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 1 - - 1,675 1,675 - 0 0 Australia .............................. - 2 5 - - 302 302 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 1 157 - - 2,602 2,602 7 958 965 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 2 2 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 3 256 - - - - - 19 19 Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 24 10,364 - - 1,626 1,626 - 3,162 3,162 Canada ...............................

262

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.PDF 1.PDF Table 11. PAD District 5 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 36,593 - - - - 31,429 - 4,534 890 71,666 - 0 55,877 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,154 -11 1,013 192 - - - -786 2,587 629 918 3,544 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,013 -11 - - - - - - -35 842 110 85 36 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

263

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 8. PAD District 1 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 32 - - - - 843 -1 230 8 1,061 35 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 71 0 45 40 77 - - 1 16 10 205 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 12 0 - - 1 0 - - 0 0 2 9 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

264

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 0 September 2013 Table 49. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Total Daily Average Crude Oil 1 ............................................................ 94 2,282 598 1 - 2,975 99 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 453 2,129 10,579 380 396 13,937 465 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 300 1,599 652 346 92 2,989 100 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 153 530 9,927 34 304 10,947 365 Ethane/Ethylene ........................................... - - - - - - - Propane/Propylene ....................................... 126 199 9,412 4 299 10,040 335 Normal Butane/Butylene ...............................

265

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 3. U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 5,877 - - - - 8,716 83 -218 14,841 53 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,351 -20 372 252 - - -417 566 206 2,600 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 296 -20 - - 78 - - 37 172 71 75 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 2,055 - - 372 174 - - -454 394 135 2,525

266

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM estimates capacity expansion and fuel consumption of domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Area Defense Districts (PADDs) (Figure 9). The model is created by aggregating individual refineries into one linear programmming representation for each PADD. This representation provides the marginal costs of production for a number of conventional and new petroleum products. In order to interact with other NEMS modules with different regional representations, certain PMM inputs and outputs are converted from PADD regions to other regional structures and vice versa. The linear programming results are used to determine

267

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.PDF 4.PDF Table 34. Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Crude Oil ....................................................................... 10,529 95,547 858,776 18,695 55,877 1,039,424 Refinery ...................................................................... 9,549 12,590 42,259 2,422 25,335 92,155 Tank Farms and Pipelines (Includes Cushing, OK) .... 875 79,613 102,575 12,976 27,151 223,190 Cushing, Oklahoma ................................................ - 31,118 - - - - Leases ........................................................................ 105 3,344 17,991 3,297 854 25,591 Strategic Petroleum Reserve 1 .................................... - - 695,951 - - 695,951 Alaskan In Transit .......................................................

268

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 5. PAD District 1 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 751 - - - - 26,471 -300 1,308 -869 28,999 100 0 9,902 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,313 -7 839 2,091 3,702 - - -929 816 33 8,018 7,618 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 225 -7 - - - - - - 3 - 11 204 31 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

269

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1. TABLE1.PDF 1. TABLE1.PDF Table 1. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 190,109 - - - - 264,348 6,359 12,794 445,596 2,425 0 1,039,424 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 73,905 -587 13,044 6,935 - - -11,335 15,883 8,313 80,436 118,039 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 8,824 -587 - - 1,699 - - -805 4,946 2,754 3,041 16,791 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

270

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF 2.PDF Table 12. PAD District 5 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 1,180 - - - - 1,014 - 146 29 2,312 - 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 69 0 33 6 - - - -25 83 20 30 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 33 0 - - - - - - -1 27 4 3 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 37 - - 33 6 - - - -24 56 17 27 Ethane/Ethylene

271

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 1. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 233,810 - - - - 237,344 8,334 7,688 468,825 2,975 0 1,067,149 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 81,196 -552 19,023 4,020 - - 3,027 16,794 13,937 69,929 189,672 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 11,167 -552 - - 772 - - -700 5,666 2,989 3,432 18,036 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

272

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 September 2013 Table 55. Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Crude Oil ....................................................................... 10,326 102,610 882,207 19,287 52,719 1,067,149 Refinery ...................................................................... 8,139 12,920 44,531 2,484 22,704 90,778 Tank Farms and Pipelines (Includes Cushing, OK) .... 2,033 84,878 122,497 12,956 26,534 248,898 Cushing, Oklahoma ................................................ - 33,017 - - - 33,017 Leases ........................................................................ 154 4,812 19,210 3,847 678 28,701 Strategic Petroleum Reserve 1 .................................... - - 695,969 - - 695,969 Alaskan In Transit

273

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 1. U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 182,188 - - - - 270,188 2,576 -6,767 460,074 1,646 0 1,026,829 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 72,869 -607 11,545 7,801 - - -12,921 17,534 6,391 80,604 128,709 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 9,170 -607 - - 2,421 - - 1,146 5,321 2,200 2,317 17,598 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

274

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 17. PAD District 4 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 12,175 - - - - 10,226 -3,426 -1,436 132 17,407 1 0 15,969 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 12,584 -10 52 460 -10,314 - - -12 611 282 1,891 1,375 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,788 -10 - - - -1,036 - - -15 174 273 310 180 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

275

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 15. PAD District 3 - Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 3,327 - - - - 4,646 -720 39 -191 7,482 - 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,380 -1 304 84 227 - - -113 306 108 1,693 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 155 -1 - - 77 -58 - - 35 106 1 31 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

276

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 16. PAD District 3 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 4,354 - - - - 3,718 -413 345 75 7,905 24 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,615 0 454 39 170 - - 62 282 267 1,666 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 195 0 - - 36 -65 - - 15 113 4 35 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

277

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE9.PDF TABLE9.PDF Table 9. PAD District 4 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 12,961 - - - - 10,783 -3,879 896 2,868 17,893 0 0 18,695 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 12,770 -9 127 502 -11,116 - - -50 621 280 1,423 1,326 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,484 -9 - - - -1,152 - - 7 122 264 -70 187 Liquefied Petroleum Gases

278

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.PDF .PDF Table 3. PAD District 1 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 734 - - - - 26,368 419 -1,209 627 25,554 130 0 10,529 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 1,314 -6 923 1,606 2,621 - - -1,556 707 53 7,254 6,409 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 213 -6 - - - - - - 3 5 6 193 34 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

279

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8.PDF 8.PDF Table 18. Refinery Net Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Crude Oil ................................................................. 22,762 2,792 25,554 70,449 14,098 23,700 108,247 Natural Gas Plant Liquids ...................................... 544 - 544 2,607 144 644 3,395 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... - - - 689 5 267 961 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 544 - 544 1,918 139 377 2,434 Normal Butane ..................................................

280

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 4. U.S. Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 7,340 - - - - 7,778 239 25 15,229 104 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,516 -18 716 175 - - 133 465 434 2,358 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 340 -18 - - 38 - - 20 168 134 38 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 2,176 - - 716

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

30 30 September 2013 Table 24. PAD District 5 - Year-to-Date Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 1,101 - - - - 1,091 - 115 -14 2,320 1 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 65 0 67 5 - - - 13 63 14 47 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 29 0 - - - - - - 1 21 4 3 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ..............................

282

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.PDF 5.PDF Table 25. Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Total Daily Average Crude Oil 1,2 ................................................................................. 26,390 54,466 143,796 8,286 31,410 264,348 8,527 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ...... 1,606 2,797 1,838 502 192 6,935 224 Pentanes Plus .......................................................................... - 11 1,688 - - 1,699 55 Liquefied Petroleum Gases ...................................................... 1,606 2,786 150 502 192 5,236 169 Ethane .................................................................................. - - - - - - - Ethylene ................................................................................

283

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

38 38 September 2013 Table 30. Refinery Net Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Crude Oil ................................................................. 29,611 2,906 32,517 67,983 12,033 22,460 102,476 Natural Gas Plant Liquids ...................................... 485 - 485 1,969 56 687 2,712 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... - - - 777 - 265 1,042 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 485 - 485 1,192 56 422 1,670 Normal Butane ..................................................

284

FE Petroleum Reserves News  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

petroleum-reserves-news Office of Fossil Energy petroleum-reserves-news Office of Fossil Energy Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Avenue, SW Washington, DC 20585202-586-6503 en President Requests $638.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs http://energy.gov/fe/articles/president-requests-6380-million-fossil-energy-programs President Requests $638.0 Million for Fossil Energy Programs

285

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 December 2011 Table 50. Year-to-Date Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD District, January-December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Total Daily Average Crude Oil 1 ............................................................ 2,147 13,574 1,237 191 9 17,158 47 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 3,739 15,542 42,403 2,288 6,081 70,053 192 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 2,075 11,913 179 1,415 340 15,922 44 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 1,664 3,628 42,224 873 5,741 54,131 148 Ethane/Ethylene ........................................... - - - - - - - Propane/Propylene ....................................... 401 514 40,084 58 4,187 45,243

286

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 28. Refinery and Blender Net Input of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Crude Oil ................................................................. 29,611 2,906 32,517 67,983 12,033 22,460 102,476 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ....................................................... 793 5 798 2,014 100 1,032 3,146 Pentanes Plus ...................................................... - - - 777 2 340 1,119 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .................................. 793 5 798 1,237 98 692 2,027

287

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

.PDF .PDF Table 2. U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Commodity Supply Disposition Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 6,133 - - - - 8,527 205 413 14,374 78 0 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 2,384 -19 421 224 - - -366 512 268 2,595 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 285 -19 - - 55 - - -26 160 89 98 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 2,099 - - 421 169 - - -340 353 179 2,497 Ethane/Ethylene

288

Wax phase equilibria: developing a thermodynamic model using a systematic approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reservoir hydrocarbon fluids contain heavy paraffins that may form solid phases of wax at low temperatures. Problems associated with wax formation and deposition are a major concern in production and transportation of hydrocarbon fluids. The industry has directed considerable efforts towards generating reliable experimental data and developing thermodynamic models for estimating the wax phase boundary. The cloud point temperature, i.e. the wax appearance temperature (WAT) is commonly measured in laboratories and traditionally used in developing and/or validating wax models. However, the WAT is not necessarily an equilibrium point, and its value can depend on experimental procedures. Furthermore, when determining the wax phase boundary at pipeline conditions, the common practice is to measure the wax phase boundary at atmospheric pressure, then apply the results to real pipeline pressure conditions. However, neglecting the effect of pressure and associated fluid thermophysical/compositional changes can lead to unreliable results. In this paper, a new thermodynamic model for wax is proposed and validated against wax disappearance temperature (WDT) data for a number of binary and multi-component systems. The required thermodynamic properties of pure n-paraffins are first estimated, and then a new approach for describing wax solids, based on the UNIQUAC equation, is described. Finally, the impact of pressure on wax phase equilibria is addressed. The newly developed model demonstrates good reliability for describing solids behaviour in hydrocarbon systems. Furthermore, the model is capable of predicting the amount of wax precipitated and its composition. The predictions compare well with independent experimental data, demonstrating the reliability of the thermodynamic approach.

Hong-Yan Ji; Bahman Tohidi; Ali Danesh; Adrian C Todd

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Candle and candle wax containing metathesis and metathesis-like products  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wax comprises a metathesis product and/or a product that resembles, at least in part, a product which may be formed from a metathesis reaction. The wax may be used to form articles for example, candles (container candles, votive candles, and/or a pillar candles), crayons, fire logs or tarts. The wax commonly includes other components in addition to the metathesis product.

Murphy, Timothy A; Tupy, Michael J; Abraham, Timothy W; Shafer, Andy

2014-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

290

Petroleum Marketing Monthly Archives  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Marketing Monthly Archives Petroleum Marketing Monthly Archives Choose the year of the Petroleum Marketing Monthly you wish to view. + EXPAND ALL 2014-2015 2014 2015 Data ending January 10/2013 2012-2013 2012 2013 Data ending January 10/2011 January 10/2012 February 11/2011 February 11/2012 March 12/2011 March 12/2012 April 1/2012 April 1/2013 May 2/2012 May 2/2013 June 3/2012 June 3/2013 July 4/2012 July 4/2013 August 5/2012 August 5/2013 September 6/2012 September 6/2013 October 7/2012 October 7/2013 November 8/2012 November 8/2013 December 9/2012 December 9/2013 2010 - 2011 2010 2011 Data ending Data ending January 10/2009 January 10/2010 February 11/2009 February 11/2010 March 12/2009 March 12/2010 April 1/2010 April 1/2011 May 2/2010 May 2/2011

291

Norwegian petroleum guide  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is about the comprehensive guide to Norwegian oil and gas activities, very useful to anyone in the industry. Material includes political guidelines, control institutions, work possibilities and licenses, working environment law, employer and employee organizations, national insurance, taxes, communication, rescue operations and standby. Contents: Oil and the economy; Petroleum technology research; Responsibilities of different authorities; The Labour Inspection Directorate; The Health Directorate Offshore Office; The Coastal Directorate; Helicopter traffic; The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate; The Maritime Directorate; Det norske Veritas; The Norwegian Waterways and Electricity Board; The State Institute for Radiation Hygiene; The State Explosive Inspection; Work possibilities in the North Sea; Working environment legislation on the Continental Shelf; Collective bargaining agreements, labor conflicts and the right to organize; Taxation Rules; National health insurance and the petroleum activity; Occupational injuries on the Norwegian Continental Shelf; Company insurances; The private pension scheme; Other types of insuracne common among oil companies; The rescue service in Norway; Oganizations within the oil industry offshore and onshore; and Law of aliens admission to the Kindgom.

Christie, H.B.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Table 1. U.S. Petroleum Balance Sheet, Week Ending 12/13/2013 Petroleum Stocks (Million Barrels) Current Week Week Ago Year Ago 12/6/13 Difference Percent Change 12/14/12 Difference Percent Change 12/13/13 Crude Oil .................................................... 1,068.3 1,071.2 -2.9 -0.3 1,066.6 1.7 0.2 Commercial (Excluding SPR) 1 ............... 372.3 375.2 -2.9 -0.8 371.6 0.7 0.2 Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) 2 ..... 696.0 696.0 0.0 0.0 695.0 1.0 0.1 Total Motor Gasoline .................................. 220.5 219.1 1.3 0.6 219.3 1.2 0.5 Reformulated .......................................... 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 0.0 0.0 25.7 Conventional ........................................... 41.4 41.5 -0.1 -0.2 55.6 -14.2 -25.5 Blending Components ............................ 179.0 177.6 1.4 0.8 163.7 15.3 9.4 Fuel Ethanol

293

Effects of diffusion on lubricant distribution under flying headon thin-film disks  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lubricants on thin-film disks have large effects on head–disk interface characteristics. They reduce head and disk wear while thick lubricant film increases friction ... in many cases. Lubricant depletion due to

K. Yanagisawa; Y. Kawakubo; M. Yoshino

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Petroleum Reduction Petroleum Reduction Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Petroleum Reduction Requirements The Wisconsin Department of Administration's fleet management policy

295

Controlled Experiments on the Effects of Lubricant/Additive ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Ashless) Characteristics on DPF Degradation Effects of lubricant additive chemistries and exhaust conditions on ash properties affecting diesel particulate filter performance....

296

Experimental and Theoretical Investigation of Lubricant and Additive...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Theoretical Investigation of Lubricant and Additive Effects on Engine Friction Combining data from motored engine friction, a theoretical engine model, a line friction contact...

297

Effects of Fuel Dilution with Biodiesel on Lubricant Acidity...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Affecting Fuel Economy and Engine Wear Reducing Lubricant Ash Impact on Exhaust Aftertreatment with a Oil Conditioning Filter Development of High Performance Heavy Duty Engine Oils...

298

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Characteristics and Effects of Lubricant Additive Chemistry and Exhaust Conditions on Diesel Particulate Filter Service Life and Vehicle Fuel Economy Characteristics and Effects of...

299

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy Bandwidth for Petroleum Refining Processes  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This energy bandwidth analysis provides a realistic estimate of the energy that may be saved in petroleum refining processes by quantifying measures of energy consumption.

300

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program How To's Petroleum Bulk-material-storage/petroleum-bulk-storage/Documents/Inspect_GD.pdf What is Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program? Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program enables assigned tank inspectors to record

Pawlowski, Wojtek

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Study on the wax deposition of waxy crude in pipelines and its application  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental loop for the wax deposition study is established; a novel method to determine the thickness of the wax deposition in the experimental loop is developed, taking into account the impact of the instant temperature decreasing of the test section wall which leads to the increasing of the viscosity of the crude oil near the pipe wall and the distortion of the flow field in the pipe. The wax deposition characteristics of the QH crude are studied using the experimental loop. For the QH crude oil, there is a peak area of the wax deposition when it is 40 °C around. And very little deposition emerges when the temperature is not only higher than the wax appearance point but also lower than the temperature of solidification. It is also proved in the lab that the shearing dispersion of the wax crystal particles plays little role in the wax deposition when the shearing rate is high. The observation of the pipe which is cut in the field shows that the laying of the wax deposition in the pipe is very clear, and the wax deposition caused by the shearing dispersion exists clearly. From the angel of the shutdown temperature drop and safely restart for the hot oil pipeline, it is concluded that there is a permissible critical thickness of the sedimentary layer for the low flow rate pipelines.

Zhang Guozhong; Liu Gang

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Computational and Rheological Study of Wax Deposition and Gelation in Subsea Pipelines.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Highly waxy crude oils can cause significant problems such as blockage of a pipeline because of the precipitation and deposition of select wax components during… (more)

Lee, Hyun Su

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Definition: Petroleum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Petroleum A broadly defined class of liquid hydrocarbon mixtures. Included are crude oil, lease condensate, unfinished oils, refined products obtained from the processing of crude oil, and natural gas plant liquids.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Petroleum is a naturally occurring flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. The name Petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oils and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil. A fossil fuel, it is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and undergo intense heat and pressure. Petroleum is recovered mostly

304

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Matthew M. Breslin Overview For 2007, 66 petroleum supply data series were analyzed to determine how close the PSM values were to the final PSA values. For these series, 50 out of the 66 PSM values were within 1 percent of the PSA values in terms of mean absolute percent error as compared to 38 out of 66 in 2006. Sixty-two petroleum supply data series were analyzed to see how close the MFW estimates were to the final PSA values. For these 62 series, 22 MFW estimates were within 2 percent of the PSA values in terms of mean absolute percent error and, of those, 9 were within 1 percent, compared to 27 and 10, respectively, for 2006. Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Division

305

Prediction of the wax content of the incipient wax-oil gel in a pipeline: An application of the controlled-stress rheometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High molecular weight paraffins are known to form gels of complex morphology at low temperatures due to the low solubility of these compounds in aromatic or naphthene-base oil solvents. The characteristics of these gels are strong functions of the shear and thermal histories of these samples. A model system of wax and oil was used to understand the gelation process of these mixtures. A significant depression in the gel point of a wax-oil sample was observed by either decreasing the cooling rate or increasing the steady shear stress. The wax-oil sample separates into two layers of different characteristics a gel-like layer and a liquid-like layer when sheared with a controlled-stress rheometer at high steady shear stresses and low cooling rates. The phase diagram of the model wax-oil system obtained using a controlled-stress rheometer was verified by analyzing the wax content of the incipient gel deposits formed on the wall of a flow loop. Based on the rheological measurements a law has been suggested for the prediction of the wax content of the gel deposit on the laboratory flow loop walls. The wax content of the incipient gel formed on the wall of a field subsea pipeline was predicted to be much higher than that for the flow loop at similar operating conditions. This variation in the gel deposit characteristics is due to the significant differences in the cooling histories in the two cases.

Probjot Singh; H. Scott Fogler; Nagi Nagarajan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report is submitted in accordance with section 165(b) of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended, which requires that the Secretary of Energy submit quarterly reports to Congress on Activities undertaken with respect to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve. This August 15, 1990, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1990, through June 30, 1990. 3 tabs.

Not Available

1990-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Index of Books Reviewed in Science 25 April 1958 through 17 April 1959  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...petroleum products a heating, fuel, lubricating oils * petroleum waxes, etc. A simple instrument for accurate visual values of color...Chapman and Hall), 27 Feb. 1959, 562 Oil: From Prospect to Pipeline, R. R. Wheeler and M. Whited (Gulf Publish-ing Co...

1959-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

308

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Volume 2 - Final monthly statistics for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. Volume 2 Tables All Tables All Tables Detailed Statistics Tables National...

309

AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The agenda for the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER) public stakeholder meeting in New Orleans on petroleum product transmission, distribution, and storage.

310

Petroleum marketing monthly, November 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

Not Available

1994-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

311

Petroleum marketing monthly, December 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) provides information and statistical data on a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication presents statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Refined petroleum product sales data include motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane.

Not Available

1994-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

312

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced lubrication systems Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

cutting Cost: Considering all aspects such as lubricant cost per part, application and removal system... consistent lubrication thickness with proper instrumentation. ......

313

E-Print Network 3.0 - actively lubricated journal Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

-align and mount to the hydrophilic trench binding sites with electric connections by heat curable lubricant oil... ) lubricant oil covers only hydrophilic nickel surface of PZT...

314

MICROBIOLOGY IN THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...butane. While a true knowledge of "soil wax" was admittedly lacking, he maintained...and lowlands of Ohio, six inch welded pipelines lasted only seven years, on the average...stray-current electrolysis as a cause of pipeline failure. 4. Remedies for bacterial corrosion...

John B. Davis; David M. Updegraff

1954-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9.PDF 9.PDF Table 19. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Liquefied Refinery Gases ......................................... 952 -29 923 1,600 -77 -190 1,333 Ethane/Ethylene ................................................... 3 - 3 - - - - Ethane .............................................................. - - - - - - - Ethylene ............................................................ 3 - 3 - - - - Propane/Propylene ............................................... 1,175 20 1,195 2,531 316 621 3,468 Propane ............................................................

316

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 December 2011 The following are the Refining Districts which make up the Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) Districts. PAD District I East Coast: The District of Columbia and the States of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and the following counties of the State of New York: Cayuga, Tompkins, Chemung, and all counties east and north thereof. Also the following counties in the State of Pennsylvania: Bradford, Sullivan, Columbia, Montour, Northumberland, Dauphin, York, and all counties east thereof. Appalachian No. 1: The State of West Virginia and those parts of the

317

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 29. Refinery and Blender Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Liquefied Refinery Gases ......................................... 719 28 747 2,872 146 444 3,462 Ethane/Ethylene ................................................... 9 - 9 - - - - Ethane .............................................................. - - - - - - - Ethylene ............................................................ 9 - 9 - - - - Propane/Propylene ............................................... 1,050 28 1,078 2,342 225 544 3,111 Propane

318

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5.PDF 5.PDF Table 35. Refinery, Bulk Terminal, and Natural Gas Plant Stocks of Selected Petroleum Products by PAD District and State, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Kerosene Reformulated Conventional Total Reformulated Conventional Total PAD District 1 ............................................ 244 3,987 4,231 16,344 28,462 44,806 1,585 Connecticut ............................................. - - - 927 - 927 28 Delaware ................................................ - - - 887 652 1,539 148 District of Columbia ................................ - - - - - - - Florida ..................................................... - 978 978 - 5,532 5,532 - Georgia ................................................... - 370 370 - 2,767 2,767 20 Maine ......................................................

319

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 February 2012 Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Monthly, ii December 2011 EIA DATA ARE AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORM All current EIA publications are available on the EIA web site. Users can view and download selected pages or entire reports, search for information, download EIA data and analysis applications, and find out about new EIA information products and services: World Wide Web: http://www.eia.doe.gov FTP: ftp://ftp.eia.doe.gov Customers who do not have access to the Internet may call the National Energy Information Center (NEIC) to request a single print-

320

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

With Data for September 2013 With Data for September 2013 November 2013 Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Monthly, ii September 2013 EIA DATA ARE AVAILABLE IN ELECTRONIC FORM All current EIA publications are available on the EIA web site. Users can view and download selected pages or entire reports, search for information, download EIA data and analysis applications, and find out about new EIA information products and services: World Wide Web: http://www.eia.doe.gov FTP: ftp://ftp.eia.doe.gov Customers who do not have access to the Internet may call the National Energy Information Center (NEIC) to request a single print-

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.PDF 7.PDF Table 17. Refinery and Blender Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Liquefied Refinery Gases ......................................... 952 -29 923 1,600 -77 -190 1,333 Ethane/Ethylene ................................................... 3 - 3 - - - - Ethane .............................................................. - - - - - - - Ethylene ............................................................ 3 - 3 - - - - Propane/Propylene ............................................... 1,175 20 1,195 2,531 316 621 3,468 Propane ............................................................

322

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Decemer 2011 Appendix D Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Information on the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve is available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Petroleum Reserves web site at http://www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/reserves/heatingoil/. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) inventories now classified as ultra-low sulfur distillate (15 parts per million) are not considered to be in the commercial sector and therefore are excluded from distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics in Energy

323

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world, in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries.

NONE

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 September 2013 Appendix D Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Information on the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve is available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Petroleum Reserves web site at http://www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/reserves/heatingoil/. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) inventories now classified as ultra-low sulfur distillate (15 parts per million) are not considered to be in the commercial sector and therefore are excluded from distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics in Energy

325

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 Appendix C Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve Information on the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve is available from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Petroleum Reserves web site at http://www.fossil.energy.gov/programs/reserves/heatingoil/. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve (NEHHOR) inventories now classified as ultra-low sulfur distillate (15 parts per million) are not considered to be in the commercial sector and therefore are excluded from distillate fuel oil supply and disposition statistics in Energy

326

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

40 40 September 2013 Table 31. Refinery Net Production of Finished Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Liquefied Refinery Gases ......................................... 719 28 747 2,872 146 444 3,462 Ethane/Ethylene ................................................... 9 - 9 - - - - Ethane .............................................................. - - - - - - - Ethylene ............................................................ 9 - 9 - - - - Propane/Propylene ............................................... 1,050 28 1,078 2,342 225 544 3,111 Propane ............................................................

327

1989 annual book of ASTM standards. Section 5: Petroleum products, lubricants, and fossil fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This standards volume covers test methods for rating motor, diesel, and aviation fuels. The standards include: Standard test method for knock characteristics of motor and aviation fuels by the motor method and Standard test method for knock characteristics of motor fuels by the research method.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Influence of boric acid additive size on green lubricant performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of these were automotive lubricants-engine oils and transmission fluids-whereas...P. Turgis, and S. Lamouri1996A general approach to discontinuous transfer films...Method to improve lubricity of low-sulfur diesel and gasoline fuelsUS Patent no. 6783561...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Evaluation Meeting arravt041tibaird2012o.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Vehicle...

330

Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Peer Evaluation arravt041esbaird2011p.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project North...

331

Clean Cities 2009 Petroleum Displacement Awards | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

2009 Petroleum Displacement Awards Clean Cities 2009 Petroleum Displacement Awards 2011 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program, and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review...

332

AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION AGENDA: PETROLEUM PRODUCT TRANSMISSION & DISTRIBUTION A Public Meeting on the Quadrennial Energy Review, Hosted by the United...

333

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2012-2014 CATALOG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2012-2014 CATALOG Suggested Arrangement of Courses for Eight-Semester Program ..............................................15 TOTAL ............................................15 PEN '12 `14 #12;PETROLEUM ENGINEERING

Texas at Austin, University of

334

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE NORTHEAST REGIONAL REFINED PETROLEUM PRODUCT RESERVE The Northeast region of the U.S. is particularly vulnerable to gasoline...

335

Briefing Memo: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Briefing Memo: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution Briefing Memo: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution Click below to download a PDF of the briefing memo....

336

Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies...

337

Puget Sound Clean Cities Petroleum Reduction Project  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

3 universities, 9 private businesses Overview Puget Sound Clean Cities Coalition Petroleum Reduction Project - DE-EE0002020 Project Objectives: * Reduce petroleum use in the...

338

Reducing Petroleum Despendence in California: Uncertainties About...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum Despendence in California: Uncertainties About Light-Duty Diesel Reducing Petroleum Despendence in California: Uncertainties About Light-Duty Diesel 2002 DEER Conference...

339

Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project | Department of...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

-- Washington D.C. tiarravt041baird2010p.pdf More Documents & Publications Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Idaho Petroleum Reduction Leadership Project Utah Clean...

340

Energy Information Administration / Petroleum Marketing Annual...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

55 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997 Prices of Petroleum Products Table 31. Motor Gasoline Prices by Grade, Sales Type, PAD District, and State...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Acoustic resonance determination of the effect of light hydrocarbons on wax appearance points in a Njord well fluid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Wax formation and deposition in pipelines and process equipment pose severe problems for ... play an important role in the shift of wax appearance points by increasing the solubilities of ... to study the effect ...

S. O. Colgate; A. Sivaraman

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Multiresidue Analysis of Pesticides in Wool Wax and Lanolin Using Gel Permeation and Gas Chromatography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Multiresidue Analysis of Pesticides in Wool Wax and Lanolin Using Gel Permeation and Gas Chromatography ... This is a result of both the blending of different lots of raw wool before scouring and the subsequent blending of wool wax from a variety of sources to make up commercial shipments. ...

F. William Jones

1996-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

343

Honeywell, Gong Myoung conclude supply agreement for speciality waxes and additives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A multi-year strategic supply agreement has been signed between Honeywell and South Korean speciality chemicals manufacturer Gong Myoung Technologies (GMT) under which Honeywell will be the exclusive marketer of GMT's waxes in all markets except South Korea. The supply deal includes high-density polyethylene waxes used in polyvinyl chloride processing as well as in inks, coatings and floor polish.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Biosynthesis and secretion of plant cuticular wax L. Kunst, A.L. Samuels*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Review Biosynthesis and secretion of plant cuticular wax L. Kunst, A.L. Samuels* Department: direct transfer of lipids from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane, and Golgi mediated exocytosis. The potential roles of ABC transporters and non-spe- cific lipid transfer proteins in wax export

Kunst, Ljerka

345

Trends of petroleum fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international oil data. This report is published for the use of Members of Congress, Federal agencies, State agencies, industry, and the general public. Publication of this report is in keeping with responsibilities given the Energy Information Administration in Public Law 95-91. The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

in in the Office of Oil and Gas (OOG) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) showed an improvement in the accuracy of the 2006 data from initial estimates, to interim values, to final values. These data were presented in a series of PD products: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), This Week in Petroleum (TWIP), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). Weekly estimates in the WPSR and TWIP were the first values available. Figure FE1 illustrates that just as there was an improvement in gas mileage over time, there was an improvement in petroleum supply data accuracy with increasing review time. For the monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data, respondents have the shortest reporting time, analysts have the shortest review time, and the data are least accurate. For the PSM data, respondents have a longer reporting time than the weekly, analysts have

348

Chapter 3 - Hydrocarbons from Petroleum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary Petroleum products (in contrast to petrochemicals) are those hydrocarbon fractions that are derived from petroleum and have commercial value as a bulk product. A major group of hydrocarbon products from petroleum (petrochemicals) are the basis of a major industry. They are, in the strictest sense, different to petroleum products insofar as the petrochemicals are the basic building blocks of the chemical industry. The specific gravity of product gases, including liquefied petroleum gas, may be determined conveniently by a number of methods and a variety of instruments. The heat value of gases is generally determined at constant pressure in a flow calorimeter in which the heat released by the combustion of a definite quantity of gas is absorbed by a measured quantity of water or air. A continuous recording calorimeter is available for measuring heat values of natural gases.

James G. Speight

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 With Data for 2012 | Release Date: September 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: August 28, 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 Go Re-release of the Petroleum Supply Annual with data for 2011 Volume 1 - Final annual data for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. Volume 1 Tables All Tables All Tables Detailed Statistics Tables National Statistics 1 U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV 2 U.S. Daily Average Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV Supply and Disposition of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products 3 PAD District 1 PDF CSV 4 Daily Average PAD District 1 PDF CSV

350

Wax Inhibition by Comb-like Polymers: Support of the Incorporation-Perturbation Mechanism from Molecular Dynamics Simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a high-pressure flow inside the pipeline. This suggests design principles for developing improved wax and by the temperature gradient between the outside cold temperature and that inside the pipeline. The wax deposit causesWax Inhibition by Comb-like Polymers: Support of the Incorporation-Perturbation Mechanism from

Goddard III, William A.

351

Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Their Fate during Distillation/Hydrotreatment Re-Refining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Contaminants in Used Lubricating Oils and Their Fate during Distillation/Hydrotreatment Re-Refining ...

Dennis W. Brinkman; John R. Dickson

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

MICROBIOLOGY IN THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...special problems encountered in drilling different types of formations. The major functions of a drilling fluid are: (a) to lubricate...Perhaps the most common type of drilling fluid is a "mud" comprised...laid down on the walls of the borehole. The most common of these...

John B. Davis; David M. Updegraff

1954-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Strategic Petroleum Reserve quarterly report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This August 15, 1991, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Quarterly Report describes activities related to the site development, oil acquisition, budget and cost of the Reserve during the period April 1, 1991, through June 30, 1991. The Strategic Petroleum Reserve storage facilities development program is proceeding on schedule. The Reserve's capacity is currently 726 million barrels. A total of 5.5 million barrels of new gross cavern volume was developed at Big Hill and Bayou Choctaw during the quarter. There were no crude oil deliveries to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 1991. Acquisition of crude oil for the Reserve has been suspended since August 2, 1990, following the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. As of June 30, 1991, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve inventory was 568.5 million barrels. The reorganization of the Office of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve became effective June 28, 1991. Under the new organization, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Project Management Office in Louisiana will report to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Program Office in Washington rather than the Oak Ridge Field Office in Tennessee. 2 tabs.

Not Available

1991-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

354

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 10. PAD District 2 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 366,285 - - - - 501,418 159,175 -109,633 -12,929 918,349 11,825 0 102,610 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 122,918 -4,579 37,556 21,926 4,444 - - 15,132 24,244 34,819 108,070 58,830 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

355

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

20 20 September 2013 Table 14. PAD District 3 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 1,188,751 - - - - 1,015,091 -112,708 94,064 20,399 2,158,191 6,608 0 882,207 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 440,766 -88 123,986 10,625 46,383 - - 16,960 76,972 72,880 454,860 114,138 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

356

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 2. U.S. Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 2,003,948 - - - - 2,123,490 65,265 6,899 4,157,486 28,318 0 1,067,149 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 686,936 -4,909 195,516 47,812 - - 36,219 127,051 118,364 643,721 189,672 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 92,842 -4,909 - - 10,243 - -

357

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE7.PDF TABLE7.PDF Table 7. PAD District 3 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil 6 ............................................................ 109,919 - - - - 142,073 -20,272 -3,481 6,003 222,236 - 0 858,776 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 43,678 -17 9,648 1,838 7,546 - - -2,299 8,340 4,663 51,989 65,215 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 4,840 -17 - - 1,688 -3,010 - -

358

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 8 September 2013 Table 22. PAD District 5 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 300,668 - - - - 297,837 - 31,342 -3,713 633,292 267 0 52,719 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 17,739 -73 18,288 1,401 - - - 3,536 17,170 3,791 12,858 8,270 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 7,914

359

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

September 2013 Table 6. PAD District 1 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 8,672 - - - - 230,125 -359 62,824 2,069 289,586 9,606 0 10,326 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 19,329 -83 12,151 10,808 21,118 - - 168 4,287 2,821 56,047 6,541 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

360

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 35. Percent Yield of Petroleum Products by PAD and Refining Districts, September 2013 Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Liquefied Refinery Gases ......................................... 2.2 1.0 2.1 4.3 1.3 2.0 3.4 Finished Motor Gasoline 1 ......................................... 46.0 35.4 45.2 51.1 50.3 48.6 50.4 Finished Aviation Gasoline 2 ..................................... - - - - 1.2 - 0.1 Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel ........................................... 7.4 - 6.8 7.6 6.9 3.6 6.6 Kerosene .................................................................. 0.3 - 0.2 0.0 - 0.1 0.0 Distillate Fuel Oil .......................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.PDF 1.PDF Table 21. Blender Net Production of Petroleum Products by PAD Districts, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Finished Motor Gasoline ........................................... 70,877 4,650 75,527 32,247 6,563 2,707 41,517 Reformulated ........................................................ 32,914 - 32,914 8,133 1,466 955 10,554 Reformulated Blended with Fuel Ethanol ......... 32,914 - 32,914 8,133 1,466 955 10,554 Reformulated Other .......................................... - - - - - - - Conventional ......................................................... 37,963 4,650 42,613 24,114 5,097 1,752 30,963

362

US Dependence on Petroleum  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MARK J. MAZUR MARK J. MAZUR ACTING ADMINISTRATOR ENERGY INFORMATION ADMINISTRATION BEFORE THE COMMITTEE ON COMMERCE SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND POWER U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES SEPTEMBER 28, 2000 Summary We are in the midst of a year of volatility for crude oil, refined products, and natural gas. As we begin the winter heating season, prices for all heating fuels are higher than last year, and inventories are low. Although increased world crude production should begin to help markets build inventories back toward normal levels, the process likely will be slow, and petroleum inventories worldwide are likely to remain low into 2001. With low inventories for crude oil and refined products, unexpected supply disruptions or demand changes can cause disproportionate product price movements.

363

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

January 2012 January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 190,109 - - - - 264,348 6,359 12,794 445,596 2,425 0 1,039,424 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 73,905 -587 13,044 6,935 - - -11,335 15,883 8,313 80,436 118,039 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 8,824 -587 - - 1,699 - - -805 4,946 2,754 3,041 16,791 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 65,081 - - 13,044 5,236 - - -10,530 10,937 5,559 77,395 101,248 Ethane/Ethylene

364

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 December 2011 Table 33. Blender Net Production of Petroleum Products by PAD District, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity PAD District 1 - East Coast PAD District 2 - Midwest East Coast Appalachian No. 1 Total Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky Minnesota, Wisconsin, North and South Dakota Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri Total Finished Motor Gasoline ........................................... 76,926 5,149 82,075 34,411 7,021 3,047 44,479 Reformulated ........................................................ 35,878 - 35,878 8,794 1,568 1,086 11,448 Reformulated Blended with Fuel Ethanol ......... 35,878 - 35,878 8,794 1,568 1,086 11,448 Reformulated Other .......................................... - - - - - - - Conventional ......................................................... 41,048 5,149 46,197 25,617 5,453

365

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

December 2011 December 2011 Table 9. PAD District 2 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, December 2011 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 29,019 - - - - 52,699 26,041 2,973 12 109,175 1,544 0 93,189 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 14,079 -560 812 2,541 -423 - - -6,605 4,051 2,114 16,889 48,197 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,354 -560 - - 21 2,843 - - 110 1,049

366

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

TABLE5.PDF TABLE5.PDF Table 5. PAD District 2 - Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 29,902 - - - - 53,695 23,732 5,619 2,406 108,247 2,295 0 95,547 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 13,989 -544 1,333 2,797 949 - - -6,644 3,628 2,687 18,853 41,545 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 1,274 -544 - - 11 4,162 - - 233 966

367

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.PDF 3.PDF Table 13. Crude Oil Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks by PAD District, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels, Except Where Noted) Process PAD Districts U.S. Total 1 2 3 4 5 Total Daily Average Supply Field Production .................................................... 734 29,902 109,919 12,961 36,593 190,109 6,133 Alaskan ............................................................. - - - - - - - - - 18,374 593 Lower 48 States ................................................ - - - - - 171,734 5,540 Imports (PAD District of Entry) ............................. 26,368 53,695 142,073 10,783 31,429 264,348 8,527 Commercial ...................................................... 26,368 53,695 142,073 10,783 31,429 264,348 8,527 Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) ................. - - - - - - - Net Receipts .........................................................

368

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 September 2013 Table 18. PAD District 4 - Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports (PADD of Entry) 1 Net Receipts 2 Adjust- ments 3 Stock Change 4 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 5 Crude Oil ............................................................. 139,573 - - - - 79,019 -46,108 -13,333 1,073 158,068 10 0 19,287 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 86,184 -86 3,535 3,052 -71,945 - - 423 4,378 4,054 11,885 1,893 Pentanes Plus ..................................................

369

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2012 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Commodity Supply Disposition Ending Stocks Field Production Renewable Fuels and Oxygenate Plant Net Production Refinery and Blender Net Production Imports Adjust- ments 1 Stock Change 2 Refinery and Blender Net Inputs Exports Products Supplied 3 Crude Oil 4 ............................................................ 2,374,021 - - - - 3,120,755 53,567 34,134 5,489,516 24,693 0 1,060,764 Natural Gas Plant Liquids and Liquefied Refinery Gases ................................................... 881,306 -6,534 230,413 62,192 - - 23,894 186,270 115,054 842,159 153,268 Pentanes Plus .................................................. 116,002 -6,534 - - 10,680 - - -4,857 63,596 43,136 18,273 12,739 Liquefied Petroleum Gases .............................. 765,304 - - 230,413 51,512 - - 28,751 122,674 71,918

370

MSc Integrated Petroleum Geoscience Programme Handbook  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSc Integrated Petroleum Geoscience Programme Handbook 2013-14 edition #12;Page 2 Contents Preface 3 1.MSc Integrated Petroleum Geoscience ­ FAQ 4 1.1 Why should I do this programme? 4 1.2 What Integrated Petroleum Geoscience: 57F610B1 PgDip Integrated Petroleum Geoscience: 61F610VX PgCert Integrated

Levi, Ran

371

AnnualReport2013 Department of Petroleum  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AnnualReport2013 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics #12;Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics 2 Department of Petroleum Engineering and Applied Geophysics S for Arctic Petroleum Exploration (ARCEx). The center is located at the University of Tromsø, and our

Malinnikova, Eugenia

372

A Guide to the Petroleum Abstracts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Petroleum Abstracts A Guide to the Petroleum Abstracts Information Service Serving the Exploration Conferences Covered #12;Petroleum Abstracts . . . your global information partner. Statement of Purpose Petroleum Abstracts is an abstracting and indexing service conducted as a not-for-profit operation

Reynolds, Albert C.

373

Petroleum marketing monthly, May 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiner`s acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

374

Petroleum marketing monthly, August 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o. b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

375

Petroleum marketing monthly, July 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquistion cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

376

Petroleum marketing monthly, February 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to given information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publications provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum product sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

377

Petroleum marketing monthly, April 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

378

Petroleum marketing monthly, June 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

379

Petroleum marketing monthly, January 1992  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) is designed to give information and statistical data about a variety of crude oils and refined petroleum products. The publication provides statistics on crude oil costs and refined petroleum products sales for use by industry, government, private sector analysts, educational institutions, and consumers. Data on crude oil include the domestic first purchase price, the f.o.b. and landed cost of imported crude oil, and the refiners` acquisition cost of crude oil. Sales data for motor gasoline, distillates, residuals, aviation fuels, kerosene, and propane are presented.

Not Available

1992-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

380

FY 2012 Progress Report for Fuel & Lubricant Technologies  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

911 911 Fuels & Lubricant Technologies VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE 2012 annual progress report U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Avenue, S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585-0121 FY 2012 PROGRESS REPORT FOR FUEL & LUBRICANT TECHNOLOGIES Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Vehicle Technologies Office Approved by Kevin Stork Team Leader, Fuel & Lubricant Technologies Vehicle Technologies Office June 2013 DOE/EE-0911 Acknowledgement We would like to express our sincere appreciation to Alliance Technical Services, Inc. and Oak Ridge National Laboratory for their technical and artistic contributions in preparing and publishing this report.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Petroleum Reduction Petroleum Reduction Initiative to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Petroleum Reduction Initiative on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Petroleum Reduction Initiative The Petroleum Savings and Independence Advisory Commission (Commission) was established to provide recommendations and monitor programs designed to

382

Manufacture of naphthenic type lubricating oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A process for making naphthenic type lubricating oils from a low viscosity waxy crude which comprises distilling said low viscosity waxy crude to 500 to 650/sup 0/F. At atmospheric pressure to separate distillable fractions therefrom, subjecting the residue to a vacuum distillation at about 25 to about 125 mm Hg absolute pressure to obtain one or more gas oil fractions, optionally hydrotreating said gas oil fractions in the presence of a Ni/Mo catalyst at 550 to 650/sup 0/F, 0.25 to 1.0 lhsv, and 700-1500 psig, and catalytically dewaxing said distillates in the presence of a H+ form mordenite catalyst containing a group VI or group VIII metal at 550 to 750/sup 0/F, 500 to 1500 psig and 0.25 to 5.0 lhsv, to obtain said naphthenic type oils having pour points of from about -60 to +20/sup 0/F.

Reynolds, R.W.

1981-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

383

Renewable Fuels and Lubricants Laboratory (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This fact sheet describes the Renewable Fuels and Lubricants (ReFUEL) Laboratory at the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is a state-of-the-art research and testing facility for advanced fuels and vehicles. Research and development aims to improve vehicle efficiency and overcome barriers to the increased use of renewable diesel and other nonpetroleum-based fuels, such as biodiesel and synthetic diesel derived from biomass. The ReFUEL Laboratory features a chassis dynamometer for vehicle performance and emissions research, two engine dynamometer test cells for advanced fuels research, and precise emissions analysis equipment. As a complement to these capabilities, detailed studies of fuel properties, with a focus on ignition quality, are performed at NREL's Fuel Chemistry Laboratory.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Qatar Petroleum | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Petroleum Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Qatar Petroleum Country Qatar Name Qatar Petroleum Address P.O. Box 3212 City Doha, Qatar Website http://www.qp.com.qa/en/Homepa Coordinates 25.3144877159°, 51.520793438° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25.3144877159,"lon":51.520793438,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

385

Reducing Petroleum Consumption from Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States consumed more petroleum-based liquid fuel per capita than any other OECD- high-income country- 30 percent more than the second-highest country (Canada) and 40 percent more than the third-highest (Luxemburg). ...

Knittel, Christopher R.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Reducing Petroleum Consumption from Transportation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The United States consumes more petroleum-based liquid fuel per capita than any other OECD high-income country—30 percent more than the second-highest country (Canada) and 40 percent more than the third-highest (Luxembourg). ...

Knittel, Christopher Roland

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

petroleum-cut (drilling) mud  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

petroleum-cut (drilling) mud, oil cut (drilling) mud [Drilling mud unintentionally admixed with crude oil, may result from oil entering the mud while drilling or from a drill-stem test of an oil rese...

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Recent Advances in Petroleum Microbiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...properties of the reservoir in terms of salinity...conditions present in reservoirs. Many petroleum reservoirs have high NaCl...selectively plug sandstone to create a biowall...nutrient consumption, permeability damage, and porosity reduction effects...

Jonathan D. Van Hamme; Ajay Singh; Owen P. Ward

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Recent Advances in Petroleum Microbiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

American Society for Microbiology ARTICLE REVIEWS Recent Advances in Petroleum Microbiology Jonathan D. Van Hamme...177: 2615-2621. 218 Gilbert, S. C., J. Morton...desulfurization pathway. Microbiology 144: 2545-2553. 219...

Jonathan D. Van Hamme; Ajay Singh; Owen P. Ward

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

An experimental design approach for investigating the effects of operating factors on the wax deposition in pipelines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study is conducted to determine the wax deposition potential of three waxy crude oils during laminar flow in a pipeline system. The Taguchi experimental design approach is used to evaluate the influence of important operating factors such as inlet crude oil temperature, temperature difference between the oil and the pipe wall (?T), the flow rate of crude oil, wax content and time on wax deposition phenomena. It is found that the parameter ?T and flow rate have maximum and minimum percentage of contribution on the amount of deposited wax, respectively. The results demonstrate that a waxy crude oil with higher wax content could lead the more deposited solid wax in transportation lines. The differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis showed that wax appearance temperature (WAT) and solid content of the deposit were increased as deposition time increased.

Reza Valinejad; Ali R. Solaimany Nazar

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Development and application of a lubricant composition model to study effects of oil transport, vaporization, fuel dilution, and soot contamination on lubricant rheology and engine friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Engine oil lubricants play a critical role in controlling mechanical friction in internal combustion engines by reducing metal-on-metal contact. This implies the importance of understanding lubricant optimization at the ...

Gu, Grace Xiang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Ionic Liquids as Multifunctional Ashless Additives for Engine Lubrication  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

A group of oil-miscible ionic liquids has been developed by an ORNL-GM team as candidate lubricant additives with promising physical/chemical properties and potential multiple functionalities.

393

Choline for neutralizing naphthenic acid in fuel and lubricating oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described of neutralizing at least a portion of the naphthenic acids present in fuel and lubricating oils which contain naphthenic acids which comprises treating these oils with a neutralizing amount of choline.

Ries, D.G.; Roof, G.L.

1986-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Notes 01. The fundamental assumptions and equations of lubrication theory  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fundamental assumption in Lubrication Theory. Derivation of thin film flow equations from Navier-Stokes equations. Importance of fluid inertia effects in thin film flows. Some fluid physical properties...

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Flying Height Drop Due to Air Entrapment in Lubricant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recently, it is found experimentally that the flying height of an air bearing slider is influenced by the lubricant on the disk. It is explained as the air molecules ... in air bearing force, and hence, the flying

Wei Hua; Kang Kee Ng; Shengkai Yu; Bo Liu; Vivian Ng

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Influence of boric acid additive size on green lubricant performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...towards green manufacturing processes, there...boric acid powder additives with canola oil...change present manufacturing process lines...powder-based lubricant additives As conceptually...of boric acid additive size on green...towards green manufacturing processes, there...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

U. S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Supply Annual...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

in Energy Information Administration publications, such as the Weekly Petroleum Status Report, Petroleum Supply Monthly, and This Week In Petroleum. Northeast Heating Oil...

398

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of Condition Assessment on Energy Use: Selected Applications in Chemicals Processing and Petroleum Refining ITP Petroleum Refining: Impacts of...

399

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Test Sale 2014 Report | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Test Sale 2014 Report Strategic Petroleum Reserve Test Sale 2014 Report Strategic Petroleum Reserve Test Sale 2014 Report to Congress 2014 SPR Test Sale...

400

Fact #609: February 8, 2010 The Transportation Petroleum Gap...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

09: February 8, 2010 The Transportation Petroleum Gap Fact 609: February 8, 2010 The Transportation Petroleum Gap In 1989 the transportation sector petroleum consumption surpassed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Fact #560: March 2, 2009 The Transportation Petroleum Gap | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

0: March 2, 2009 The Transportation Petroleum Gap Fact 560: March 2, 2009 The Transportation Petroleum Gap In 1989 the transportation sector petroleum consumption surpassed U.S....

402

ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry (November 2007) ITP Petroleum Refining: Energy and Environmental Profile of the U.S. Petroleum Refining Industry...

403

Fact #687: August 8, 2011 The Transportation Petroleum Gap |...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

7: August 8, 2011 The Transportation Petroleum Gap Fact 687: August 8, 2011 The Transportation Petroleum Gap In 1989 the transportation sector petroleum consumption surpassed U.S....

404

Strategic Petroleum Reserve B-Roll Video | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve B-Roll Video Strategic Petroleum Reserve B-Roll Video The footage of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is provided for use by broadcast news...

405

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

U.S. petroleum markets that will better facilitate the supply and distribution of crude oil and petroleum products. Changes to petroleum supply monthly data began with collection...

406

This Week In Petroleum  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Release Schedule Release Schedule Sign Up for Email Updates Summary Printer-Friendly Version RSS icon Complete History XLS Analysis Text History RSS feed Summary Crude Oil Gasoline Distillate Propane This Week In Petroleum Charts Scroll over labels below to see different charts. Retail Prices (Dollars per Gallon) Retail Price Graphs. Retail Prices Change From Last 01/13/14 Week Year Gasoline 3.327 values are down -0.005 values are up 0.024 Diesel Fuel 3.886 values are down -0.024 values are down -0.008 Heating Oil 4.002 values are down -0.018 values are down -0.002 Propane 2.861 values are up 0.032 values are up 0.593 Futures Prices (Dollars per Gallon*) Futures Price Graphs. Futures Prices Change From Last 01/10/14 Week Year Crude Oil 92.72 values are down -1.24 values are down -0.84

407

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Appendix A Table A1. Petroleum Supply Summary, November 2013 (derived from weekly data) Category November 2013 October 2013 Difference November 2012 Percent Change WPSR to PSM Comparison September 2013 PSM September 2013 Difference Stocks (Million Barrels) Total Stocks (Including SPR) 1 ..................... 1,785.1 1,812.9 -27.7 1,788.3 -0.2 1,822.7 1,831.6 -8.9 Crude Oil ................................................... 1,078.8 1,081.4 -2.6 1,066.8 1.1 1,063.6 1,067.1 -3.6 SPR 2 ...................................................... 696.0 696.0 0.0 695.0 0.2 696.0 696.0 0.0 Commercial ............................................ 382.8 385.4 -2.6 371.9 2.9 367.6 371.2 -3.6 Products .................................................... 706.3 731.4 -25.1 721.5 -2.1 759.1 764.5 -5.3 Total Motor Gasoline ..............................

408

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 Table 4. Stocks of Crude Oil by PAD District, and Stocks of Petroleum Products, 1 U.S. Totals (Million Barrels) Product / Region Current Week Last Week Year Ago 2 Years Ago 12/6/13 Difference 12/14/12 Percent Change 12/16/11 Percent Change 12/13/13 Crude Oil .............................................. 1,068.3 1,071.2 -2.9 1,066.6 0.2 1,019.5 4.8 Commercial (Excluding SPR) 2 ....... 372.3 375.2 -2.9 371.6 0.2 323.6 15.1 East Coast (PADD 1) .................... 10.0 10.2 -0.2 10.5 -4.8 9.7 2.9 Midwest (PADD 2) ......................... 110.0 110.3 -0.3 111.1 -1.0 94.1 16.9 Cushing 3 ................................... 40.6 41.2 -0.6 47.0 -13.5 30.2 34.5 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) ..................... 181.4 184.4 -3.0 176.7 2.7 149.0 21.7 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) ............ 19.7 19.8 -0.1 18.0 9.5 16.0 23.4 West Coast (PADD 5)

409

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1994; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1994; and OECD trade from 1984 through 1994.

NONE

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, exports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1084 through 1994.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report is a monthly publication that provides current international data. The report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent 12 months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. World oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1996; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1996; and OECD trade from 1986 through 1996.

NONE

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

International petroleum statistics report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The International Petroleum Statistics Report presents data on international oil production, demand, imports, and stocks. The report has four sections. Section 1 contains time series data on world oil production, and on oil demand and stocks in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). This section contains annual data beginning in 1985, and monthly data for the most recent two years. Section 2 presents an oil supply/demand balance for the world. This balance is presented in quarterly intervals for the most recent two years. Section 3 presents data on oil imports by OECD countries. This section contains annual data for the most recent year, quarterly data for the most recent two quarters, and monthly data for the most recent twelve months. Section 4 presents annual time series data on world oil production and oil stocks, demand, and trade in OECD countries. Word oil production and OECD demand data are for the years 1970 through 1995; OECD stocks from 1973 through 1995; and OECD trade from 1985 through 1995.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Detecting and discriminating petroleum and petroleum products from water on terrestrial backgrounds with hyperspectral remote sensing.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

?? Petroleum and petroleum product spills are frequent and as both Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon accident demonstrated, they can be catastrophic. A… (more)

Allen, C. Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Detecting and Discriminating Petroleum and Petroleum Products from Water on Terrestrial Backgrounds with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Petroleum and petroleum product spills are frequent and as both Hurricane Katrina and the Deepwater Horizon accident demonstrated, they can be catastrophic. A prominent portion… (more)

Allen, C. Scott

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Chapter Five The Classification and Applications of Liquid Lubricants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the classification and applications of liquid lubricants. As a result of technical developments, currently many types of lubricating oils and special fluids exist. The technical needs are expressed in various commercial criteria used for oil classification. The type of equipment, and its component parts, defines the basis of the oil classification; the operating conditions of the lubricated part provide other important criteria needed to define the characteristics required in the oil. The main oil classifications in terms of equipment are into engine oils, turbine oil, steam turbine oils, etc. Oils for various parts of the equipment include bearing oils, transmission oils, hydraulic oils, etc. Another classification system deals with the special requirements of certain industrial sectors. Thus, for example, textile oils, electrical insulating oils, quenching oils and oils for application in radioactive environments are specially manufactured and classified. Two-stroke gasoline engines used for powering four- and two-wheeled road vehicles, small boats, mowers, etc., can be classified in the context of lubrication under two groups: (1) engines with conventional lubrication systems and (2) engines with separate lubrication systems.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Petroleum Supply Monthly - July 1995 Data  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data Accuracy of Petroleum Supply Data by Tammy G. Heppner and Carol L. French Overview Petroleum supply data collected by the Petroleum Supply Division (PSD) of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) were on the right track in 1994. These data are tracked through a series of PSD publications: the Weekly Petroleum Status Report (WPSR), the Winter Fuels Report (WFR), the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM), and the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). For the major petroleum products, weekly estimates in the WPSR and WFR are the first values available. As illustrated in Figure FE1, the PSA data represents the "finish line" or "true" values. The PSM data are closer to the mark; whereas the monthly-from-weekly (MFW) data are close behind in terms of accuracy. For 1994, 59 petroleum supply

417

Prediction for wax deposition in oil pipelines validated by field pigging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The deposition of wax in oil pipelines presents a costly production and transportation problem. The deposited wax is removed periodically by pigging operation in field. In this study, in order to understand this problem and address it, a series of wax deposition experiments involved the sloughing effect was performed in the laboratory flow loop, and a model was established to predict the wax deposition distribution along the pipeline. These results were used to implement a pigging program. In addition, a practical experimental method by testing the viscosity of deposit-in-oil slurry ahead of the pig was specially designed to measure the volume of deposit during pigging in actual field. The model predictions agreed with the field measured results excellently with a relative error being ?10.9%. Of more importance, some pigging issues are discussed in combination with the data from the laboratory simulations and field pigging operation.

Wenda Wang; Qiyu Huang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Flow behaviour of water-in-oil emulsions stabilized by wax crystals.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The large temperature gradients experienced by crude oil emulsions in pipelines found in colder environments can lead to the precipitation, deposition and build-up of wax-like… (more)

Aafaqi, Roomana

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Method for maximizing the pumpability efficiency of a hydrocarbon slurry by controlling the wax crystal content  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The efficiency of pumping a hydrocarbon slurry in a pipeline is determined prior to transportation by the relationship: delta P AEBX wherein delta P is the pressure drop expected to be experienced by the slurry in the pipeline in pounds per square inch (psi), ''A'' and ''B'' are constants relating to the size of the pipeline, the flow rate of the slurry and the hydrodynamic volume of the wax crystals, and ''X'' is the wax crystal content in the slurry from the congealed particles in percentage by weight. The wax crystal content of the slurry is measured, such as by nuclear magnetic resonance and/or differential scanning calorimetry, and is used in conjunction with the constants ''A'' and ''B'' to determine the expected pressure drop of the slurry in a particular pipeline. The wax crystal content of the slurry may then be modified, if necessary, to obtain desirable or optimum slurry pumpability conditions for the pipeline.

Tackett, J.E.

1982-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

420

Formation and Growth of Wax Deposit in the Pipelining of Crude Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work presents a model for the turbulent flow of a waxy crude oil in a pipeline, in which deposition is taken into account ... of heavy molecular weight compounds, usually called waxes. When a sufficiently lo...

S. Correra; D. Merino-Garcia; A. Fasano…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The MYB96 Transcription Factor Regulates Cuticular Wax Biosynthesis under Drought Conditions in Arabidopsis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...lines indicate unidentified enzymes and processes, respectively. FAE, fatty acid elongation...biosynthesis and cuticular wax accumulation are interrelated or not. SA biosynthesis may be induced...the mutant. Alternatively, the two processes may be independently regulated by MYB96...

Pil Joon Seo; Saet Buyl Lee; Mi Chung Suh; Mi-Jeong Park; Young Sam Go; Chung-Mo Park

2011-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

422

Molten wax as a dust control agent for demolition of facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Molten wax shows considerable promise as a fixative and dust control agent in demolition of radioactively contaminated facilities. Sticky molten wax, modified with special surfactants and wetting agents, is capable of not only coating materials but also penetrating into friable or dusty materials and making them incapable of becoming airborne during demolition. Wax also shows significant promise for stabilization of waste residuals that may be contained in buildings undergoing demolition. Some of the building materials that have been tested to date include concrete, wood, sheet rock, fiber insulation, lime, rock, and paper. Protective clothing, clay, sand, sulfur, and bentonite clay have been tested as surrogates for certain waste materials that may be encountered during building demolition. The paper describes several potential applications of molten wax for dust control in demolition of radioactive contaminated facilities. As a case-study, this paper describes a research test performed for a pipeline closure project being completed by the Idaho Cleanup Project at the Idaho National Laboratory. The project plans to excavate and remove a section of buried Duriron drain piping containing highly radioactive and friable and 'flighty' waste residuals. A full-scale pipeline mockup containing simulated waste was buried in sand to simulate the direct buried subsurface condition of the subject piping. The pipeline was pre-heated by drawing hot air through the line with a HEPA vacuum blower unit. Molten wax was pumped into the line and allowed to cool. The line was then broken apart in various places to evaluate the permeation performance of the wax. The wax fully permeated all the surrogate materials rendering them non-friable with a consistency similar to modeling clay. Based on the performance during the mockup, it is anticipated that the wax will be highly effective in controlling the spread of radiological contamination during pipe demolition activities. (authors)

Carter, E.E. [Carter Technologies Co, Sugar Land, TX (United States); Welty, B.D. [Portage, Inc, Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

A new thermodynamic model to predict wax deposition from crude oils  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrocarbons 5 Comparison of Experimental and Predicted Onset Temperatures using this Model at 1 Atm. 30 31 37 6 Component Data for Oil Mixture l. 7 Characterization for Oil Mixture l. 8 Characterization for Oil Mixture 2. 9 Characterization for Oil... for Flash Calculations . . 34 4 Variation of Onset Temperature with Pressure for Oil Mixture l. . . 5 Variation of Onset Temperature with Pressure for Oil Mixture 2 . . 51 52 6 Wax Precipitation Curves for Oil Mixture 1 at 1 Atm. . . 7 Wax...

Loganathan, Narayanan

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Prediction of wax buildup in 24 inch cold, deep sea oil loading line  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When designing pipelines for cold environments, it is important to know how to predict potential problems due to wax deposition on the pipeline's inner surface. The goal of this work was to determine the rate of wax buildup and the maximum, equlibrium wax thickness for a North Sea field loading line. The experimental techniques and results used to evaluate the waxing potential of the crude oil (B) are described. Also, the theoretic model which was used for predicting the maximum wax deposit thickness in the crude oil (B) loading pipeline at controlled temperatures of 40 F (4.4 C) and 100 F (38 C), is illustrated. Included is a recommendation of a procedure for using hot oil at the end of a tanker loading period in order to dewax the crude oil (B) line. This technique would give maximum heating of the pipeline and should be followed by shutting the hot oil into the pipeline at the end of the loading cycle which will provide a hot oil soaking to help soften existing wax. 14 references.

Asperger, R.G.; Sattler, R.E.; Tolonen, W.J.; Pitchford, A.C.

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Rotary seal with enhanced lubrication and contaminant flushing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A resilient, ring shaped interference-type hydrodynamic rotary seal having waves on the lubricant side which provide increased film thickness and flushing action by creating contact pressure induced angulated restrictions formed by abrupt restrictive diverters. The angulated restrictions are defined by projecting ridges, corners at the trailing edge of the waves, or simply by use of a converging shape at the trailing edge of the waves which is more abrupt than the gently converging hydrodynamic inlet shape at the leading edge of the waves. The abrupt restrictive diverter performs two functions; a restricting function and a diverting function. The angulated restrictions cause a local film thickness restriction which produces a damming effect preventing a portion of the lubricant from leaking out of the dynamic sealing interface at the trailing edge of the wave, and results in a much thicker lubricant film thickness under the waves. This contributes to more film thickness in the remainder of the dynamic sealing interface toward the environment because film thickness tends to decay gradually rather than abruptly due to the relative stiffness of the seal material. Because of the angle of the abrupt restrictive diverter relative to the relative rotation direction, in conjunction with the restriction or damming effect, a strong diverting action is produced which pumps lubricant across the dynamic sealing interface toward the environment. The lubricant diversion is caused by the component of the rotational velocity tangent to the abrupt restrictive diverter. The component of rotational velocity normal to the abrupt restrictive diverter causes a portion of the lubricant film to be pumped past the abrupt restrictive diverter, thereby assuring adequate lubrication thereof.

Dietle, Lannie L. (Sugar Land, TX)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Performance of MOV Stem Lubricants at Elevated Temperatures  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper documents the results of recent tests sponsored by the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) and performed by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). These tests address the effectiveness of the lubricant used on the threaded portion of the valve stem, where the stem nut turns on the stem. Recent testing indicates that an elevated temperature environment can lead to significant increases in the friction coefficient at the stem/stem-nut interface. Most valve actuator qualification tests are performed at room temperature. Similarly, in-service tests are run at ambient plant temperatures, usually 70 to 100°F. Since design conditions can lead to valve operating temperatures in the 200 to 300°F range, it is important to know whether a temperature-induced increase in friction at the stem/stem-nut interface will prevent the required operation of critical valves. Lubricant aging is another phenomenon that might have deleterious effects on the thrust output of a valve actuator. Laboratory experience and field experience both indicate that after long periods in elevated temperature environments, the lubricants may lose their lubrication qualities. The scope of the current test program includes testing of five different lubricants on four different valve stems. Pending completion of the testing, results of the tests conducted using two of the four stems are discussed. The test series included collection of baseline data at room temperature, single step temperature tests where the temperature of the test setup was elevated directly to 250°F, and step testing where the temperature was elevated in steps to 130, 190, and 250°F, then returned to 70°F. All greases tested showed evidence of physical change after elevated temperature tests. Except for one particular lubricant, all of the greases tested showed increased coefficients of friction at elevated temperatures. Numerous other preliminary conclusions are presented. Recommendations for future research in the area of aged valve stem lubricant performance at elevated temperatures are also presented.

DeWall, Kevin George; Nitzel, Michael Everett; Watkins, John Clifford

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologi...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

More Documents & Publications Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum...

428

Propane, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Propane: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Propane: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) Ford F-150 (Dual-Fuel LPG) Propane or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is a clean-burning fossil fuel that can be used to power internal combustion engines. LPG-fueled vehicles can produce significantly lower amounts of some harmful emissions and the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2). LPG is usually less expensive than gasoline, it can be used without degrading vehicle performance, and most LPG used in U.S. comes from domestic sources. The availability of LPG-fueled light-duty passenger vehicles is currently limited. A few light-duty vehicles-mostly larger trucks and vans-can be ordered from a dealer with a prep-ready engine package and converted to use propane. Existing conventional vehicles can also be converted for LPG use.

429

Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Distribution Category UC-950 Petroleum 1996 Issues and Trends September 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Energy Information Administration / Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends iii Preface Contacts Petroleum 1996: Issues and Trends was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Office of Oil and Gas, Kenneth A. Vagts, Director (202/586-6401), and the EIA Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Webster C.

430

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2014-2016 CATALOG  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PETROLEUM ENGINEERING 2014-2016 CATALOG Suggested Arrangement of Courses for Eight-Semester Program ................3 M 427K, Advanced Calculus for Applications I .............4 PGE 427, Properties of Petroleum

Lightsey, Glenn

431

Naval Petroleum Reserves | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Naval Petroleum Reserves For much of the 20th century, the Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves served as a contingency source of fuel for the Nation's military. All that...

432

Strategic Petroleum Reserve | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Strategic Petroleum Reserve Crude oil pipes at SPR Bryan Mound site near Freeport, TX. Crude oil pipes at SPR Bryan Mound site near Freeport, TX. The...

433

Green Petroleum Refining -Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission Constraints  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Green Petroleum Refining - Mathematical Models for Optimizing Petroleum Refining Under Emission understand that my thesis may be made electronically available to the public. #12;iii Abstract Petroleum and treating options for petroleum refinery waste streams. The performance of the developed model

Anderson, Charles H.

434

TAO ZHU, Ph.D. ADDRESS: Department of Petroleum Engineering, The Petroleum Institute  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESUME TAO ZHU, Ph.D. ADDRESS: Department of Petroleum Engineering, The Petroleum Institute PO Box 2533 Abu Dhabi, U.A.E. Phone: (971) 2-607-5587, Email: tzhu@pi.ac.ae EDUCATION Ph.D. 1991 Petroleum Engineering, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma M.S. 1986 Petroleum Engineering, University of Alberta

Williams, John M.

435

Investigating the Effect of Engine Lubricant Viscosity on Engine Friction and Fuel Economy of a Diesel Engine.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Fuel economy is affected, both by fuel and engine lubricant quality. Engine lubricant quality plays a vital role in reduction of fuel consumption by effective… (more)

Singh, Devendra

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Annual  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

. . . . . . . . . . . . . April 1987 Determining Minimum Acceptable Bid Prices for the Test Sale of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Crude Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....

437

Total Petroleum Systems and Assessment Units (AU)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Surface water Groundwater X X X X X X X X AU 00000003 Oil/ Gas X X X X X X X X Total X X X X X X X Total Petroleum Systems (TPS) and Assessment Units (AU) Field type Total undiscovered petroleum (MMBO or BCFG) Water per oil

Torgersen, Christian

438

In situ control of lubricant properties for reduction of power cylinder friction through thermal barrier coating  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Lowering lubricant viscosity to reduce friction generally carries a side effect of increased metal-metal contact in mixed or boundary lubrication, for example near top ring reversal along the engine cylinder liner. A ...

Molewyk, Mark Allen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Reducing Lubricant Ash Impact on Exhaust Aftertreatment with a Oil Conditioning Filter  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Under the test conditions used in this study, the strong base filter had a significant and beneficial effect on the rate of oil degradation. The strong base filter reduced lubricant acidity by absorbing acidic contaminants in the lubricant

440

Thickness Change in Molecularly Thin Lubricant Under Flying Head in Hard Disk Drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In hard disk drives (HDDs), lubricants on disks are very important material to reduce head and disk wear. Thus, it is necessary to ... thickness to keep lubricant thickness constant on rotating disks. For this pu...

K. Yanagisawa; T. Watanabe; Y. Kawakubo; M. Yoshino

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

The Extraction?Flocculation Re-refining Lubricating Oil Process Using Ternary Organic Solvents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Extraction?Flocculation Re-refining Lubricating Oil Process Using Ternary Organic Solvents ... Res., 1997, 36 (9), ... Waste lubricating oils may be re-refined with organic solvents that dissolve base oil and segregate the additives and solid particles. ...

J. P. Martins

1997-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

442

Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design Lubricant-Friendly, Superhard and Low-Friction Coatings by Design Superhard and low-friction coatings and surface...

443

Effects of Fuel Dilution with Biodiesel on Lubricant Acidity, Oxidation and Corrosion  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

In-cylinder fuel injection to produce rich exhaust for regeneration of lean NOx trap catalyst and diesel particulate filter results in substantial fuel dilution of lubricating oil cause changes of lubricating oil properties and scuffing of engine components.

444

Factors affecting the recovery of petroleum in projects involving the injection of liquefied petroleum gases (LPG)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FACTORS AFFECTING THE RECOVERY OF PETROLEUM IN PROJECTS INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG) A Thesis By GERRY A. GRAHAM Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August, 1961 Major Subject: Petroleum Engineering GERRY A. GRAHAM FACTORS AFFECTING THE RECOVERY OF PETROLEUM IN PROJECTS INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GASES (LPG) A...

Graham, Gerry A

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

445

FRACTURED PETROLEUM RESERVOIRS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The four chapters that are described in this report cover a variety of subjects that not only give insight into the understanding of multiphase flow in fractured porous media, but they provide also major contribution towards the understanding of flow processes with in-situ phase formation. In the following, a summary of all the chapters will be provided. Chapter I addresses issues related to water injection in water-wet fractured porous media. There are two parts in this chapter. Part I covers extensive set of measurements for water injection in water-wet fractured porous media. Both single matrix block and multiple matrix blocks tests are covered. There are two major findings from these experiments: (1) co-current imbibition can be more efficient than counter-current imbibition due to lower residual oil saturation and higher oil mobility, and (2) tight fractured porous media can be more efficient than a permeable porous media when subjected to water injection. These findings are directly related to the type of tests one can perform in the laboratory and to decide on the fate of water injection in fractured reservoirs. Part II of Chapter I presents modeling of water injection in water-wet fractured media by modifying the Buckley-Leverett Theory. A major element of the new model is the multiplication of the transfer flux by the fractured saturation with a power of 1/2. This simple model can account for both co-current and counter-current imbibition and computationally it is very efficient. It can be orders of magnitude faster than a conventional dual-porosity model. Part II also presents the results of water injection tests in very tight rocks of some 0.01 md permeability. Oil recovery from water imbibition tests from such at tight rock can be as high as 25 percent. Chapter II discusses solution gas-drive for cold production from heavy-oil reservoirs. The impetus for this work is the study of new gas phase formation from in-situ process which can be significantly different from that of gas displacement processes. The work is of experimental nature and clarifies several misconceptions in the literature. Based on experimental results, it is established that the main reason for high efficiency of solution gas drive from heavy oil reservoirs is due to low gas mobility. Chapter III presents the concept of the alteration of porous media wettability from liquid-wetting to intermediate gas-wetting. The idea is novel and has not been introduced in the petroleum literature before. There are significant implications from such as proposal. The most direct application of intermediate gas wetting is wettability alteration around the wellbore. Such an alteration can significantly improve well deliverability in gas condensate reservoirs where gas well deliverability decreases below dewpoint pressure. Part I of Chapter III studies the effect of gravity, viscous forces, interfacial tension, and wettability on the critical condensate saturation and relative permeability of gas condensate systems. A simple phenomenological network model is used for this study, The theoretical results reveal that wettability significantly affects both the critical gas saturation and gas relative permeability. Gas relative permeability may increase ten times as contact angle is altered from 0{sup o} (strongly liquid wet) to 85{sup o} (intermediate gas-wetting). The results from the theoretical study motivated the experimental investigation described in Part II. In Part II we demonstrate that the wettability of porous media can be altered from liquid-wetting to gas-wetting. This part describes our attempt to find appropriate chemicals for wettability alteration of various substrates including rock matrix. Chapter IV provides a comprehensive treatment of molecular, pressure, and thermal diffusion and convection in porous media Basic theoretical analysis is presented using irreversible thermodynamics.

Abbas Firoozabadi

1999-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

446

Properties of carbon overcoats and perfluoro-polyether lubricants in hard disk drives  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

interactions of perfluoropolyether lubricants with magnetichydroxyl-terminated perfluoropolyether liquid films on theand R.L. Siemens, "Perfluoropolyether characterization by

Brunner, Ralf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Coke from coal and petroleum  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A carbonaceous coke is manufactured by the delayed coking of a slurry mixture of from about 10 to about 30 weight percent of caking or non-caking coal and the remainder a petroleum resid blended at below 50.degree. C.

Wynne, Jr., Francis E. (Allison Park, PA); Lopez, Jaime (Pittsburgh, PA); Zaborowsky, Edward J. (Harwick, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Chromatography in the Petroleum Industry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Treatise on Analytical Chemistry (43). In 1956, Mair...Treatise on Analyti- cal Chemistry, Vol. 3, Pt. 1...aromatic compounds in coal tar naphthas, solvent...taken from internal combustion engines. An important...Division of Petroleum Chemistry of the American Chemical......

D. L. Camin; A. J. Raymond

1973-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

PETROLEUM BIOREFINING FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this project was to isolate and characterize thermophilic bacterial cultures that can be used for the selective removal of nitrogen, sulfur, and/or metals in the biorefining of petroleum. The project was completed on schedule and no major difficulties were encountered. Significant progress was made on multiple topics relevant to the development of a petroleum biorefining process capable of operating at thermophilic temperatures. New cultures capable of selectively cleaving C-N or C-S bonds in molecules relevant to petroleum were obtained, and the genes encoding the enzymes for these unique biochemical reactions were cloned and sequenced. Genetic tools were developed that enable the use of Thermus thermophilus as a host to express any gene of interest, and information was obtained regarding the optimum conditions for the growth of T. thermophilus. The development of a practical biorefining process still requires further research and the future research needs identified in this project include the development of new enzymes and pathways for the selective cleavage of C-N or C-S bonds that have higher specific activities, increased substrate range, and are capable of functioning at thermophilic temperatures. Additionally, there is a need for process engineering research to determine the maximum yield of biomass and cloned gene products that can be obtained in fed-batch cultures using T. thermophilus, and to determine the best configuration for a process employing biocatalysts to treat petroleum.

John J. Kilbane II

2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

11 - Environmental life-cycle assessment (LCA) of lubricants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract: Lubricants impact on the environment from raw material extraction to manufacturing, usage and disposal or reuse. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is utilised for evaluation of the environmental impacts of energy and material flows throughout the product life. Several comprehensive \\{LCAs\\} have compared mineral oil-based and bio-based lubricants, reporting varying conclusions. Environmental savings of biolubricants are more apparent at a local level than at a global scale. Negative impacts mainly stem from their agricultural production and performance in the use phase. \\{LCAs\\} should be used in industrial product design of biolubricants. Sustainable development indicators also consider the socio-economic impact of a product. Optimised lubricants determine significant energy savings.

Jan C.J. Bart; Emanuele Gucciardi; Stefano Cavallaro

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Adhesion, Lubrication, and Wear on the Atomic Scale James B. Adams  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adhesion, Lubrication, and Wear on the Atomic Scale James B. Adams Dept. of Chemical and Materials, lubrication and wear) of tribology on the atomic Scale with a focus on our group's work on Aluminum. Adhesion to control friction and wear in bulk metal processes, lubricant boundary additives are added to bind

Adams, James B

452

ME 379M Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology ABET EC2000 syllabus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ME 379M � Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology Page 1 ABET EC2000 syllabus ME 379M � Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology Spring 2010 Required or Elective: Elective 2008-2010 Catalog Data: Topics may vary: Lubrication, Wear, and Bearing Technology Prerequisite(s): Admission to the Major

Ben-Yakar, Adela

453

Wax formation assessment of condensate in South Pars gas processing plant sea pipeline (a case study)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The wax deposition from the gas condensate in South Pars gas processing plant causes a number of severe problems. These problems include: (1) deposits form on the reboiler tubes of stabilizer column and tend to reduce its duty (2) forcing periodic shut-down and removal of deposits (3) interrupting normal processing operations. An understanding of deposition, nature and propensity is necessary to mitigate the mentioned problems. In this work, the multi solid phase model is used to predict the wax precipitation from gas condensate fluid. For five different reservoir fluids, several methods were investigated to split the heavy hydrocarbon fraction into pseudo fractions. The results show that the Al-Meshari method is the most accurate one. Also, a set of consistent correlations were used to calculate the critical points, fusion properties and the acentric factor of the single carbon number groups in the extended composition. Finally the best methods for predicting the wax formation are selected and used to predict the wax formation in the sea line of South Pars gas processing plant. The modeling shows that wax precipitation starts at 293 K and 86 bar. At this pressure and temperature the pipeline is 94 km away from the wellhead.

M.R. Rahimpour; M. Davoudi; S.M. Jokar; I. Khoramdel; A. Shariati; M.R. Dehnavi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Pressure and composition effect on wax precipitation: Experimental data and model results  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wax precipitation is often studied using the stock tank oil. However, precipitation may be very different in well tubing and production facilities due to the effects of pressure and composition. As an example, the cloudpoint temperature may decrease as much as 15 K from atmospheric pressure to the saturation pressure of 100 bar mostly due to the dissolution of light gases into the oil (i.e. due to composition changes). It is also often assumed that the addition of solvents such as C{sub 5} and C{sub 6} decreases the cloudpoint temperature. On the contrary, from our modeling results, we have found that the mixing of a crude with a solvent increases the cloudpoint temperature (i.e., enhances the wax precipitation). In this study, the cloudpoint temperature at live oil conditions and the amount of the precipitated wax at stock tank oil conditions are provided for three crudes. A modified multisolid wax precipitation model is used to study the effects of pressure and composition on wax precipitation. The modeling results reveal that an increase in methane and CO{sub 2} concentration decreases the cloudpoint temperature while an increase in C{sub 5} concentration increases the cloud point temperature.

Pan, H.; Firoozabadi, A.; Fotland, P.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

455

Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations: Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Categorical Exclusion Determinations issued by Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD August 22, 2013 CX-010876: Categorical Exclusion Determination Smart and Calibrated Pig Surveys of Strategic Petroleum Reserve Raw Water/Crude Oil Pipelines CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/22/2013 Location(s): Texas, Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office August 19, 2013 CX-010877: Categorical Exclusion Determination Clean and Inspect West Hackberry T-15 Brine Tank CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/19/2013 Location(s): Louisiana Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office August 8, 2013 CX-010878: Categorical Exclusion Determination

456

Petroleum supply monthly, October 1991. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data presented in this report describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importer, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. Data are divided into two sections (1) the Summary Statistics and (2) the Detailed Statistics 14 figs., 56 tabs.

Not Available

1991-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

457

Petroleum Supply Monthly, September 1990. [Contains glossary  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Data presented in this PSM describe the supply and disposition of petroleum products in the United States and major US geographic regions. The data series describe production, imports and exports, inter-Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) District movements, and inventories by the primary suppliers of petroleum products in the United States (50 States and the District of Columbia). The reporting universe includes those petroleum sectors in Primary Supply. Included are: petroleum refiners, motor gasoline blenders, operators of natural gas processing plants and fractionators, inter-PAD transporters, importers, and major inventory holders of petroleum products and crude oil. When aggregated, the data reported by these sectors approximately represent the consumption of petroleum products in the United States. 12 figs., 46 tabs.

Whited, D.; Jacobus, P. (eds.)

1990-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

458

An examination of additive-mediated wax nucleation in oil pipeline environments  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

As part of a wider study probing the molecular-scale factors important in controlling wax crystallisation processes, the effect of additives on the surface and bulk nucleation of wax crystals from hydrocarbon solution phases was examined. Bulk nucleation data obtained in the absence and presence of two growth inhibiting additives indicated an increase in the meta-stable zone width (MSZW) on addition of both inhibitors, and differences in their kinetics of inhibition. Complementary studies of surface nucleation using a pipe blocking apparatus revealed a lowering in the temperature at which blockage occurred on addition of inhibitor to the model oil, and existence of fractional crystallisation observed in the bulk phase was confirmed. The hydrodynamic dependence of the nucleation process provided added information on how the inhibitors and wax would perform in a field situation, with a strong dependence on shear rate.

A.J Hennessy; A Neville; K.J Roberts

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Prediction and inhibition of hydrate and wax formation. Annual report, January-December 1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The first objective of the research project is to quantify and explain kinetics of co-precipitation of natural gas hydrates and wax. The second objective is to find means for inhibiting the rate of formation of natural gas hydrates, and the rate of natural gas/wax co-precipitation. During the first contract year, a method for measuring the rate of formation of natural gas hydrates was developed. This method has five advantages over other possible methods. First, it provides a defined surface area on which the hydrate nucleation and growth can proceed. Second, it minimizes the initial resistance to mass and heat transfer, thus maximizing sensitivity to kinetics. Third, it provides a way to test the effect of a variety of solid surfaces on hydrate formation. Fourth, it requires a low-cost apparatus with low operational cost. Fifth, it can be applied with little modification to the scheduled studies of kinetic inhibition and hydrate/wax-co-precipitation.

Sloan, E.D.; Christiansen, R.L.

1992-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Printed wax masks for 254 nm deep-UV pattering of PMMA-based microfluidics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper reports a new technique for masking deep-UV exposure of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) using a printed wax mask. This technique provides an inexpensive and bulk fabrication method for PMMA structures. The technique involves the direct printing of the mask onto a polymer sheet using a commercial wax printer. The wax layer was then transferred to a PMMA substrate using a thermal laminator, exposed using deep-UV (with a wavelength of 254 nm), developed in an IPA:water solution, and completed by bonding on a PMMA cap layer. A sample microfluidic device fabricated with this method is also presented, with the microchannel as narrow as 50 µm. The whole process is easy to perform without the requirement for any microfabrication facilities.

Yiqiang Fan; Yang Liu; Huawei Li; Ian G Foulds

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Weekly Petroleum Status Report Schedule  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Weekly Petroleum Status Report Weekly Petroleum Status Report Release Schedule The wpsrsummary.pdf, overview.pdf, and Tables 1-14 in CSV and XLS formats, are released to the Web site after 10:30 a.m. (Eastern Time) on Wednesday. All other PDF and HTML files are released to the Web site after 1:00 p.m. (Eastern Time) on Wednesday. Appendix D is produced during the winter heating season, which extends from October through March of each year. For some weeks which include holidays, releases are delayed by one day. Holiday Release Schedule The standard release time and day of the week will be at 10:30 a.m. (Eastern time) on Wednesdays with the following exceptions. All times are Eastern. Data for the week ending Alternate Release Date Release Day Release Time Holiday October 11, 2013 October 21, 2013 Monday 10:30 a.m. Columbus/EIA Closed

462

Diesel engine lubrication with poor quality residual fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The quality of marine residual fuel is declining. This is being caused by a gradual trend towards production of heavier crudes and increased residuum conversion processes in refineries to meet light product demand while holding down crude runs. Additionally, more stringent inland fuel sulfur regulations have caused the higher sulfur residues to be used for marine residual fuel blending. Engine manufacturers are making major efforts in design so that their engines can burn these fuels at high efficiency with minimum adverse effects. The oil industry is developing improved lubricants to reduce as much as possible the increased wear and deposit formation caused by these poor quality fuels. To guide the development of improved lubricants, knowledge is required about the impact of the main fuel characteristics on lubrication. This paper summarizes work conducted to assess the impact of fuel sulfur, Conradson carbon and asphaltenes on wear and deposit formation in engines representative of full scale crosshead diesel engines and medium speed trunk piston engines. Results obtained with improved lubricants in these engines are reviewed.

Van der Horst, G.W.; Hold, G.E.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Honeywell's high-performance lubricants boost PVC extrusion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

At the recent International PVC Conference, held in Brighton, UK, Honeywell Specialty Materials presented new test results demonstrating the advantages offered to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) producers by its newest high-performance lubricants (HPLs). According to the company, the products make the extrusion process more efficient, helping producers ‘meet critical industry challenges’.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

This Week In Petroleum Schedule  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

This Week In Petroleum Schedule This Week In Petroleum Schedule Holiday Release Schedule for the This Week In Petroleum The standard release time and day of the week will be after 1:00 p. m. (Eastern time) on Wednesdays with the following exceptions. Data for the week ending Alternate Release Date Release Day Release Time Holiday November 8, 2013 November 14, 2013 Thursday after 1:00 p.m. Veterans December 20, 2013 December 27, 2013 Friday after 1:00 p.m. Christmas December 27, 2013 January 3, 2014 Friday after 1:00 p.m. New Year's January 17, 2014 January 23, 2014 Thursday after 1:00 p.m. Martin Luther King Jr. February 14, 2014 February 20, 2014 Thursday after 1:00 p.m. President's May 23, 2014 May 29, 2014 Thursday after 1:00 p.m. Memorial August 29, 2014 September 4, 2014 Thursday after 1:00 p.m. Labor

465

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Liquefied Petroleum Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Propane) License

466

Use of Textured Surfaces to Mitigate Sliding Friction and Wear of Lubricated and Non-Lubricated Contacts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

If properly employed, the placement of three-dimensional feature patterns, also referred to as textures, on relatively-moving, load-bearing surfaces can be beneficial to their friction and wear characteristics. For example, geometric patterns can function as lubricant supply channels or depressions in which to trap debris. They can also alter lubricant flow in a manner that produces thicker load-bearing films locally. Considering the area occupied by solid areas and spaces, textures also change the load distribution on surfaces. At least ten different attributes of textures can be specified, and their combinations offer wide latitude in surface engineering. By employing directional machining and grinding procedures, texturing has been used on bearings and seals for well over a half century, and the size scales of texturing vary widely. This report summarizes past work on the texturing of load-bearing surfaces, including past research on laser surface dimpling of ceramics done at ORNL. Textured surfaces generally show most pronounced effects when they are used in conformal or nearly conformal contacts, like that in face seals. Combining textures with other forms of surface modification and lubrication methods can offer additional benefits in surface engineering for tribology. As the literature and past work at ORNL shows, texturing does not always provide benefits. Rather, the selected pattern and arrangement of features must be matched to characteristics of the proposed application, bearing materials, and lubricants.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Petroleum Supply Monthly - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petroleum Supply Monthly Petroleum Supply Monthly With Data for September 2013 | Release Date: November 27, 2013 | Next Release Date: December 30, 2013 Previous Issues Month: November 2013 October 2013 September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 prior issues Go Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. The data series describe production, imports and exports, movements and inventories. PDF and CSV files are released first and Petroleum Data Tables are released later on the same day. Tables All Tables All Tables Detailed Statistics Tables National Statistics 1 U.S. Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV 2 U.S. Year-to-Date Supply, Disposition, and Ending Stocks of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products PDF CSV

468

A geochemical assessment of petroleum from underground oil storage caverns in relation to petroleum from natural reservoirs offshore Norway.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The aim of this study is to compare oils from known biodegraded fields offshore Norway to waxes and oils from an artificial cavern storage facility,… (more)

Østensen, Marie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

The Optical Properties of Some Petroleum Products  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

,in the course of time, under the influence of catalytic agents, may give rise to the dextro- and laevorotatory substances which cause the activity of petroleum. 33 It was Rakusin who first observed that a greater rotation was given by the naphthenic acids... derived from the residues of Bussian petroleum refining than by the petroleum itself. Finding that some naphthenic acids derived from kerosene gave a dextrorotation of +0.55° (sacch.0 in 200 mm. tube), he concluded that the optical activity...

Humphrey, Irvin W.

1913-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award September 22, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (FE) announced today that the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) has received the Most Valuable Pollution Prevention Project (MVP2) award from the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable for lowering potential greenhouse gas emissions. This is the first time the SPR has captured the award for its commitment to pollution prevention, focusing on innovation, measurable results, transferability, commitment, and optimization of available project resources. "This is another example of the hard work and dedication by employees at

471

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award Strategic Petroleum Reserve Receives Prestigious Environmental Award September 22, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy (FE) announced today that the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) has received the Most Valuable Pollution Prevention Project (MVP2) award from the National Pollution Prevention Roundtable for lowering potential greenhouse gas emissions. This is the first time the SPR has captured the award for its commitment to pollution prevention, focusing on innovation, measurable results, transferability, commitment, and optimization of available project resources. "This is another example of the hard work and dedication by employees at

472

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL Brad Zigler (PI) with Robb Barnitt, Greg Bogin, Wendy Clark, John Ireland, Doug Lawson, Jon Luecke, Dan Pedersen, Matt Ratcliff, and Matt...

473

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Fuel Impacts on Current and Emerging Engines Goals and Objectives * VTP Task 3: Petroleum displacing fuels and fuel blending components - Study combustion and emissions...

474

Competition in a spatial retail petroleum market.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the behaviour of retail petroleum markets, with a case study examining prices in Perth, Australia. The aim of the thesis is two-fold.… (more)

Wills-Johnson, Nick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Opportunities for Biorenewables in Petroleum Refineries  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

a summary of our collaborative 2005 project “Opportunities for Biorenewables in Petroleum Refineries” at the Rio Oil and Gas Conference this September.

Holmgren, Jennifer; Arena, Blaise; Marinangelli, Richard; McCall, Michael; Marker, Terry; Petri, John; Czernik, Stefan; Elliott, Douglas C.; Shonnard, David

2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

476

Petroleum Supply Annual 1998, Volume 2  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Pipeline, Tanker, and Barge Between PAD Districts PDF TXT . . Appendices . A. District Descriptions and Maps PDF B. Explanatory Notes...

477

Oil shale - Heir to the petroleum kingdom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oil shale - Heir to the petroleum kingdom ... A discussion of oil shale provides students with real-world problems that require chemical literacy. ...

Y. Schachter

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Refining Bio-Oil alongside Petroleum  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

W.R. Grace and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are working to establish a bio-oil refining process that users existing petroleum refinery infrastructure.

479

Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Clean Cities Regional Support & Petroleum Displacement Awards Mike Scarpino & Kay Kelly National Energy Technology Laboratory 052009 This presentation does not contain any...

480

Petroleum supply annual 1993. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA) contains information on the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products. The publication reflects data that were collected from the petroleum industry during 1993 through annual and monthly surveys. The PSA is divided into two volumes. This first volume contains four sections: Summary Statistics, Detailed Statistics, Refinery Capacity, and Oxygenate Capacity each with final annual data. The second volume contains final statistics for each month of 1993, and replaces data previously published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM). The tables in Volumes 1 and 2 are similarly numbered to facilitate comparison between them. Below is a description of each section in Volume 1 of the PSA.

Not Available

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lubricants waxes petroleum" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Petroleum Reduction Planning Tool Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, United States Department of Energy Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass, Energy Efficiency, Fuels & Efficiency, Hydrogen, Transportation Phase: Prepare a Plan Topics: Analysis Tools, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Complexity/Ease of Use: Not Available Website: www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/prep/index.php OpenEI Keyword(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Tools Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/petroleum-reduction-planning-tool Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Demonstration & Implementation

482

Analysis of the Compositional Variation in the Epicuticular Wax Layer of Wheat (Triticum aestivum)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

treatment. By comparing the composition of lines from each treatment, abiotic stress associated changes in composition were identified. 1.2. Review of literature relevant to this dissertation 1.2.1. Role of the epicuticular wax layer The aerial surface...

Beecher, Francis Ward

2013-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

483

Study of the mechanisms of wax prevention in a pipeline with glass inner layer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The mechanisms of wax prevention in a pipeline with a glass inner layer have been studied by simulating crude oil production by a pump well, and transport of crude oil and formation water in glass and steel tubes in a laboratory. It is clearly demonstrated that the water wetting property of glass and steel is the key factor in controlling the ability of wax to be deposited on the walls of glass and steel tubes. When the water content of crude oils A and B was more than 60%, the oils and formation water flowed as a plug and o/w emulsion, and a stable water film was formed between the oil and the wall of the glass tube. The film prevented the oil being deposited on the wall of the glass tube, consequently, the amount of wax deposited on the wall was reduced. The mechanisms of wax deposition on the wall of glass and steel tubes are molecular diffusion and shear dispersion.

Mingyuan Li; Jianguo Su; Zhaoliang Wu; Yaodong Yang; Shuling Ji

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Fact #610: February 15, 2010 All Sectors' Petroleum Gap | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

10: February 15, 2010 All Sectors' Petroleum Gap Fact 610: February 15, 2010 All Sectors' Petroleum Gap Before 1989 the U.S. produced enough petroleum to meet the needs of the...

485

Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

The trade balance (exports minus imports) for petroleum has been negative for more than a quarter of a century, meaning that the U.S. imports more petroleum than it exports. The largest petroleum...

486

Masters Examination Milestones Craft and Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Masters Examination Milestones Craft and Hawkins Department of Petroleum Engineering This document in Petroleum Engineering at Louisiana State University. A. Thesis Option The student must demonstrate proficiency in research or applying advanced technology to petroleum engineering. The student's degree plan

Harms, Kyle E.

487

Fact #688: August 15, 2011 All Sectors' Petroleum Gap | Department...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

8: August 15, 2011 All Sectors' Petroleum Gap Fact 688: August 15, 2011 All Sectors' Petroleum Gap Before 1989 the U.S. produced enough petroleum to meet the needs of the...

488

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program How To's What is Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program? Cornell University's Online Aboveground Petroleum Tank Inspection Program enables assigned tank inspectors to record their monthly aboveground tank

Pawlowski, Wojtek

489

Strategic petroleum reserve, quarterly report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

As of December 31, 1981, the cumulative fill capability for the storage of crude oil for the SPR was 257 million barrels. Development of Phase I of the program consisting of 250 million barrels of capacity is complete and development of Phase II, consisting of 290 million barrels of capacity, is continuing. During 1981, the design of Phase III commenced. Phase III will increase the SPR capacity by 210 million barrels. The cumulative fill capability is expected to be 750 million barrels by 1990. The SPR was filled at a rate of 338,391 barrels per day during the last quarter of 1981, and had a total of 230.3 million barrels of oil in storage at the end of 1981. The Department of Energy has aggressively pursued oil purchases during 1981 in order to take advantage of the favorable international oil market. A long-term commercial contract was signed on August 20, 1981, with Petroleos Mexicanos (PEMEX), Mexico's state-owned oil company, for purchase of 110 million barrels of crude oil through 1986. The contract provided for the SPR to purchase 24 million barrels between September 1, 1981, and December 31, 1981. Thereafter PEMEX will supply crude oil to the SPR at the rate of 50,000 barrels a day through August 31, 1986. In addition, under the terms of a settlement of an overcharge allegation, Chevron USA agreed to supply 1,029,000 barrels of oil to the Reserve without cost. Deliveries under this settlement were completed in January 1982. The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act also requires the Secretary of the Treasury to establish an account to be known as the SPR Petroleum Account which may be obligated for the acquisition, transportation, and injection of petroleum products into the SPR. For FY 1982, Congress appropriated $3.7 billion to this account. The amount of funds obligated from the SPR Petroleum Account during the first quarter FY 1982 ending December 31, 1981, was $2056 million.

Not Available

1982-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

490

Biodegradation of total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in Jordanian petroleum sludge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Bioremediation, or the use of micro-organisms to decontaminate soil or groundwater, is being increasingly seen as an effective, environment-friendly treatment for oil-contaminated sites. In this study, the results are presented concerning a laboratory screening of several natural bacterial consortia and laboratory tests to establish the performance in degradation of hydrocarbons contained in oily sludge from the Jordan Oil Refinery Plant. As a result of the laboratory screening, 18 isolates were selected and grouped into two main clusters; cluster 1 containing 12 isolates grown at 43°C, and cluster 2 containing six isolates grown at 37°C. Three natural bacterial consortia with ability to degrade total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) were prepared from these isolates. Experiments were conducted in Erlenmeyer flasks under aerobic conditions, with TPH removal percentage varying from 5.9% to 25.1%, depending upon consortia type and concentration. Consortia 7B and 13B exhibited the highest TPH removal percentages of 25% and 23%, respectively before nutrient addition. TPH removal rate was enhanced after addition of nutrients to incubated flasks. The highest TPH reduction (37%) was estimated after addition of a combination of nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur to consortia 7B. This is the first report concerning biological treatment of total petroleum hydrocarbon by bacteria isolated from the oil refinery plant, where it lay the ground for full integrated studies recommended for hydrocarbon degradation that assist in solving sludge problems.

Bassam Mrayyan; Mohammad Battikhi

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

U. S. DOE petroleum software  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Each year, the U.S. DOE sponsors a variety of petroleum-related research projects. Some of the past projects have resulted in development of software that is available free from the DOE's Bartlesville Project Office. This article gives an overview of the following DOE software: Black Oil Applied Simulation Tool I (BOAST II); EOR Predictive Models: CO{sub 2} Miscible Flood, Chemical Flood, Polymer Flood, In-Situ Combustion Steamflood; Horizontal/Slanted Well Model; and Miscible Applied Simulation Techniques (MASTER).

Schneider, C.E. (Conoco Inc. (US))

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Petroleum Market Module Petroleum Market Module Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook Petroleum Market Module Figure 8. Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts. Having problems, call our National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800 for help. The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) forecasts petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, and bioesters natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM estimates capacity expansion and fuel consumption of domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming representation of U.S. refining

493

Advanced Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF-DEC) Activity Advanced Petroleum-Based fuels - Diesel Emissions Control (APBF-DEC) Activity 2003 DEER Conference...

494

NETL - Petroleum-Based Fuels Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Petroleum-Based Fuels Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Analysis 2005 Baseline Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NETL - Petroleum-Based Fuels Life Cycle...

495

Pipeline and vehicle transportation problems in the petroleum industry.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

???In the petroleum industry, petroleum product logistics can be divided into two phases: first logistics, which is mainly provided through pipeline transportation or railway, refers… (more)

Zhen, Feng ( ??)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Advanced Combustion 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual Merit...

497

Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologi...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program Utah Clean Cities Transportation Sector Petroleum Reduction Technologies Program 2012 DOE Hydrogen...

498

QER Public Meeting in New Orleans, LA: Petroleum Product Transmission...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

Orleans, LA: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution QER Public Meeting in New Orleans, LA: Petroleum Product Transmission & Distribution Meeting Date and Location: May 27,...

499

Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL Advanced Petroleum Based Fuels Research at NREL 2009 DOE Hydrogen Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

500

Catalyst for Improving the Combustion Efficiency of Petroleum...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for Improving the Combustion Efficiency of Petroleum Fuels in Diesel Engines Catalyst for Improving the Combustion Efficiency of Petroleum Fuels in Diesel Engines 2005 Diesel...