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1

Lt.  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

TJ3: 7-Z TJ3: 7-Z 2.u 7 ifp&i?: 9:. .$&q Lt. ~ 3," .z' b ( $ -&7 ;" i C$' d. , : e-. flp w EmfP af XXPW 3PWlJ DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY BUREAU OF RADIATION PROTECTION 380 SCOTCH ROAD. TRENTON. N. J. 08628 December 21, 1978 Ms. Louisa Little Pierpont Associates, Inc. 405 Lexington Avenue New York City, New York 10017 Dear Ms. Little: The purpose of this letter is to inquire about the present status of the former M. hT. Kellogg site (Kellex) located at the intersection of New Jersey Route 440 and Kellogg Street in Jersey City, New Jersey. The N. J. Department of Environmental Protection (N.J. DEP) has received fnformation that construction is in progress at this site which has resulted in

2

MEMORANDUM GY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

GY GY DATE--- -- __-______-__ II II s7 /L SITE NAME: CITY:--~~~&L%J _________ ------STATE:-&!=- "";::;:'KA;~+ jqjuM..wti current: ~~~--_~---___-~~~----~~--- Owner contacted q yes if yes, date contacted-- TYPE OF OPERATION ----------------- fl&search & Development 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilot Scale q Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 s ample & Analysis IX Cny t;-.e i)r&&.h 0 Production 0 Disposal/Storage 0 Prime 0 Subcantractbr Cl Purchase Order 0 Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization a Government Sponsored Facility q Other ~~~~~~~~~---~~------~ 0 Other information (i.e., coat + fixed fee, unit price, time 88 material, gtc) ------_ Contract/Purchase Order # ---------------------------------

3

Lesotho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Lesotho: Energy Resources Lesotho: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":-29.5,"lon":28.25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

C. Lt. Cooper  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

C. Lt. Cooper C. Lt. Cooper c i+ ."',Z &+.), . - p 1 i ,P. f %:,:-I ! 19~~3 L. - F.M \ E3rush 3eryllium Company ~~~~io,tp!rr~~~~~~~~!~~~~~ I. * I/ :@ k 3 on August 2nd, I visited Brush beryllium Company along with Edajor &dlock and %,l,jor Eussell. arush representatives in the conference were Dr. C, B. Saver, ?resident, and Xessrs. Ejellgren, Christiansen, Fletcher and Zavarine. production of Tuballoy at arush ceased on July 31St* Furnaces Tre- tiously used fmTuballoy will be remodelled for manufacture of aeryl- lium, thus releasing melting furnaces at the Loraine plant for produc- tion of beryllium fluoride. This shift will make. their metal production capacity 600 pounds per month of which 500 lbs. will be available,to the project. It was agreed that the kngineers would place a,n order with arush for

5

A-<  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

< &lt; Enclosure 2 ..- Page 1 of 2 RECORDS DlSPOSrrlON AUTHORITY (k IrrEtnx;tmr wl ma^) DATE RECEIVED 1. FROM (AgbncyoreaWWmmt NOTIFICATION TO AGENCY DepamncntofErmyy . 1 4.. NA?$E OF PERSON WITH WHOM TO CONFER 5. TELEPHONE I 6 . A G t N C Y CtK l ItlCATION I ~ E a r t i f y t M I m ~ b 3 ~ f D T ~ . o 1 c 1 c y m ~ p b c . t r i n b . g t o t h e ~ o f ~ r s c o r e b u d t f r t t t h a r s c o r d r ~ f o r ~ m t h s d b e h d p r g s ( s ) w s n o t m n r c b d f o r t h a k a i n s r r o f t h b . g c n c y ~ w i l l n o t b s m d s d r r R t r t h s ~ p c w i o d r r p e c i f i e d ; P d m ~ a n c u r r s n o e f r a t h e ~ ~ D f f i a , w h p r w k a n s o f R t h 8 o f t h t GAO ktuunl for Guidance d Fsddnl Apsndro, Core Contract Records See attached description 115.109 NSN STANDARD FORM 115 (REV. 3.91) PREVIOUS EDITION NOT USABLE P-bul by NARA 36 CFR 1228 Enclosure 2 Page 2 of 2 (1) Unit - PNR Contracts and Security ~ivision (2) Description - Contracts for procurement of reactor cores,

6

Passive solar rondavel in the mountains of Lesotho  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design, construction and performance of a passie solar rondavel in Lesotho, a country in Southern Africa is described. A rondavel is a round building with stone walls and thatching grass for the roof. The one door is usually the major source of natural light and non-combusted heat energy in these houses which average about four meters in diameter. This new design is one possible response to addressing the problem of heating, without relying on the open fire combustion of dung and wood, two widely used fuels which are in short supply.

Klein, G.; Wyatt, A.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

RenGyS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RenGyS RenGyS Jump to: navigation, search Name RenGyS Place Shanghai, China Sector Renewable Energy Product RenGyS is an independent renewable energy developer focused on the Chinese energy market. Coordinates 31.247709°, 121.472618° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":31.247709,"lon":121.472618,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

SEU design consideration for MESFETs on LT GaAs  

SciTech Connect

Computer simulation results are reported on transistor design and single-event charge collection modeling of metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) fabricated in the Vitesse H-GaAsIII{reg_sign} process on Low Temperature grown (LT) GaAs epitaxial layers. Tradeoffs in Single Event Upset (SEU) immunity and transistor design are discussed. Effects due to active loads and diffusion barriers are examined.

Weatherford, T.R.; Radice, R.; Eskins, D. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States)] [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

From: Jim Burson &lt;jburson@swtransco.coop>  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Jim Burson Jim Burson &lt;jburson@swtransco.coop> To: "dswpwrmrk@wapa.gov" CC: Donald Kimball , Patrick Ledger , Richard Kurtz Date: 10/20/10 8:25 AM Subject: ED5-Palo Verde Hub Project (SPPR Proposal) Attachments: westernspprsupport.docx.pdf Dear Mr. Moe: Southwest Transmission Cooperative, Inc. (SWTC) is a customer of Western Area Power Administration (Western). We have multiply Parker- Davis Project transmission service contracts with Western. SWTC agrees with the attached SPPR letter, supporting the expansion of the Parker-Davis Project to include the ED5-Palo Verde Hub project referred to in Western's October 6th open meeting as the "SPPR

11

From: Ed Roman &lt;EROMAN@smud.org>  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ed Roman Ed Roman &lt;EROMAN@smud.org> To: CC: , "Howard Hirahara" Date: 4/3/2009 10:30 AM Subject: SMUD'S COMMENTS AND QUESTIONS ON THE PROPOSED TIP Attachments: AGM ES 09-006 Commnet Letter on TIP.pdf Attached are comments of the Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) on the proposed principles, policies and practices that the Western Area Power Administration (Western) plans to use to implement the authority provided to it in section 402 of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act). These comments are provided in response to the Notice of Proposed Program and Request for Public Comments as posted by the Western Area Power Administration (Western) in

12

Jersey Central Power & Lt Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from JCP&L) (Redirected from JCP&L) Jump to: navigation, search Name Jersey Central Power & Lt Co Place Ohio Utility Id 9726 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GS (General Service) Commercial GST (General Service Time-Of-Day) Commercial

13

Guidelines for Working at Voltages &lt; 240 Volts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guidelines for Working at Voltages < 240 Volts Guidelines for Working at Voltages &lt; 240 Volts February 4, 2005---DRAFT NOTE: Working hot is a LAST ALTERNATIVE. Electrical hot work is defined as: Working on or near exposed conducting parts that are or might become energized at 50V or more. Refer to Electrical Safety Flowchart for Working On or Near Live Parts. Engineered methods to prevent exposed sources of 50V and greater are to be implemented wherever practical. Only QUALIFIED PERSONNEL {as defined in NFPA 70E Article 110.6(D) 2004 edition} as authorized by the CAT/supervisor/division can perform such work. Refer to Qualified Electrical Worker Flow Chart. Training requirements: ES&H 114 (LOTO) / ES&H 375 (NFPA 70E) / ES&H 371 (electrical worker) - Observe Electrical Safe Work Practices. Refer to

14

From: Mohave Sun Power &lt;mohavesunpower@gmail.com>  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mohave Sun Power Mohave Sun Power &lt;mohavesunpower@gmail.com> To: Date: 4/3/2009 5:12 PM Subject: public comments to Western Transmission Infrastructure Program Regarding Western's Transmission Infrastructure Program ("Program") for Recovery Act funding, we submit the following public comments. All of these comments are to better clarify the "Project Readiness" criteria critical to the Program's success. They are characteristics of projects that have a higher chance of getting financed with provisions of the Recovery Act: 1. We believe that Western should put a higher priority on projects that are already in a Western LGIP queue. The justification for this higher priority is that these projects have made substantial progress

15

Macromodeling and demonstration of the LT6600 amplifier and lowpass filter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this thesis is to demonstrate the abilities of the Sevastopoulos-LaPorte active low-pass filter topology in Linear Technology Corporation's LT6600 integrated circuit (IC). The thesis is split into two parts, ...

Pei, Cheng-Wei, 1981-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Polarized structure function sigma_lt' for kaon electroproduction in the nucleon resonance region  

SciTech Connect

The first measurements of the polarized structure function $\\sigma_{LT'}$ for the reaction $p(\\vec e,e'K^+)\\Lambda$ in the nucleon resonance region are reported. Measurements are included from threshold up to $W$=2.05~GeV for central values of $Q^2$ of 0.65 and 1.00~GeV$^2$, and nearly the entire kaon center-of-mass angular range. $\\sigma_{LT'}$ is the imaginary part of the longitudinal-transverse response and is expected to be sensitive to interferences between competing intermediate $s$-channel resonances, as well as resonant and non-resonant processes. The results for $\\sigma_{LT'}$ are comparable in magnitude to previously reported results from CLAS for $\\sigma_{LT}$, the real part of the same response. An intriguing sign change in $\\sigma_{LT'}$ is observed in the high $Q^2$ data at $W\\approx 1.9$~GeV. Comparisons to several existing model predictions are shown.

Rakhsha Nasseripour; B. Raue; Daniel Carman; Pawel Ambrozewicz

2008-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

17

Louisiana oyster CuLtCh ProjeCt General Project DescriPtion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

secondary production. estiMateD cost The estimated cost to implement the Louisiana Oyster Cultch Project is $15,582,600. (Estimated costs for some of the projects were updated from those provided in the DERPLouisiana oyster CuLtCh ProjeCt General Project DescriPtion The Louisiana Oyster Cultch Project

18

20 Gy Versus 44 Gy of Supplemental External Beam Radiotherapy With Palladium-103 for Patients With Greater Risk Disease: Results of a Prospective Randomized Trial  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The necessity of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) as a supplement to prostate brachytherapy remains unknown. We report brachytherapy outcomes for patients with higher risk features randomized to substantially different supplemental EBRT regimens. Methods and Materials: Between December 1999 and June 2004, 247 patients were randomized to 20 Gy vs. 44 Gy EBRT followed by a palladium-103 boost (115 Gy vs. 90 Gy). The eligibility criteria included clinically organ-confined disease with Gleason score 7-10 and/or pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level 10-20 ng/mL. The median follow-up period was 9.0 years. Biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) was defined as a PSA level of {<=}0.40 ng/mL after nadir. The median day 0 prescribed dose covering 90% of the target volume was 125.7%; 80 men received androgen deprivation therapy (median, 4 months). Multiple parameters were evaluated for their effect on bPFS. Results: For the entire cohort, the cause-specific survival, bPFS, and overall survival rates were 97.7%, 93.2%, and 80.8% at 8 years and 96.9%, 93.2%, and 75.4% at 10 years, respectively. The bPFS rate was 93.1% and 93.4% for the 20-Gy and 44-Gy arms, respectively (p = .994). However, no statistically significant differences were found in cause-specific survival or overall survival were identified. When stratified by PSA level of {<=}10 ng/mL vs. >10 ng/mL, Gleason score, or androgen deprivation therapy, no statistically significant differences in bPFS were discerned between the two EBRT regimens. On multivariate analysis, bPFS was most closely related to the preimplant PSA and clinical stage. For patients with biochemically controlled disease, the median PSA level was <0.02 ng/mL. Conclusion: The results of the present trial strongly suggest that two markedly different supplemental EBRT regimens result in equivalent cause-specific survival, bPFS, and overall survival. It is probable that the lack of benefit for a higher supplemental EBRT dose is the result of the high-quality brachytherapy dose distributions.

Merrick, Gregory S., E-mail: gmerrick@urologicresearchinstitute.org [Schiffler Cancer Center/Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States); Wallner, Kent E. [Puget Sound Healthcare Corporation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Butler, Wayne M.; Galbreath, Robert W. [Schiffler Cancer Center/Wheeling Jesuit University, Wheeling, WV (United States); Taira, Al V. [Western Radiation Oncology Inc, Mountain View, CA (United States); Orio, Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Adamovich, Edward [Department of Pathology, Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, WV (United States)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Jersey Central Power & Lt Co (New Jersey) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Co (New Jersey) Co (New Jersey) Jump to: navigation, search Name Jersey Central Power & Lt Co Place New Jersey Utility Id 9726 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0523/kWh Commercial: $0.0561/kWh Industrial: $0.1420/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File2_2010" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Jersey_Central_Power_%26_Lt_Co_(New_Jersey)&oldid=412648" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs

20

Figure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 1E Roberts, Energy in US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: High Voltage DC Charging of fa Nissan Leaf. E Roberts, Energy in US 53 NPC Future Transportation FuelsFigure 1:Energy Consumption in USg gy p 2008 1E Roberts, Energy in US Source: www.eia.gov #12;Figure 2: US Liquid Demand by Sector and Fuel 2E Roberts, Energy in US Source: EIA: Annual Energy Outlook

Sutton, Michael

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Isotope GeoloGy1 Unlike physics or chemistry, teaching isotope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isotope GeoloGy1 Unlike physics or chemistry, teaching isotope geochemistry is difficult because. Writing an effective book on geochemistry is thus even more difficult. Claude Allègre's Isotope Geology geochemistry book, given how effective the texts by Faure and Dickin are. However, Allègre's Isotope Geology

Lee, Cin-Ty Aeolus

22

L NATJDNAL BNII?GY TiEHMOLOGY LIBOCAYOlY V.0. DEPARTMENT OF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NATJDNAL BNII?GY TiEHMOLOGY LIBOCAYOlY NATJDNAL BNII?GY TiEHMOLOGY LIBOCAYOlY V.0. DEPARTMENT OF Albany, OR .Morgantown, WV s Plllsburgh, PA @ENERGY Januaty 27,201 1 MEMORANDUM FOR MAXI( J. MATARRESE DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF ENVIRONMENT, SECURITY, SAFETY AND HEALTH l c ? FROM: \ DIVISION SUBJECT: Amual Natioilal Enviro~l~neiltal Policy Act (NEPA) Planning Summary for 2011 The attached documents conlprise the 201 1 Allnual NEPA Planning Summary for the National Enexgy TechnologyLaboratory. The infoimation is presented according to the guidance and fonnats provided by DOE'SNEPA office. As required by the Order 451.1B, the Annual NEPA Pla~lning Siimmary will be made available to the public. Please contact nte for any additional info~.mation regarding r\lETL,'s NEPA plans. Distribution: A. Chlgini

23

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETEIU.&lt;UNATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lt;UNATION Page I of2 RECIPIENT:Naviganl Consulting STATE: MA PROJECf TITLE: Offshore Wind Removing Market Barriers Funding Opportunity Announc:ement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number em Number DE-FOA-0000414, topic area 1.1 DE-EEOOO5360 GF()"()()()S360-OO1 0 Based on my review ofthe information concerning the proposed ac:tlon, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authori7-ed under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Informati on gatherin g, analysis, and dissemination Information gathering (including, but nollimited 10. literature surveys, inventories, site visits, and aUdits). data analysis (induding, but not limited to, computer modeling), document preparation (induding, but not limited to, conceptual design,

24

U.S. DEP.&lt;\RTlVIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

<\RTlVIENT OF ENERGY &lt;\RTlVIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlvIINATION RECIPIENT:Ohio Department of Development STATE: OH PROJECT SEP ARRA - Solid Waste Authority of Central Ohio TITLE: Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number EE0000165 GFO-0000165-017 GOO Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

25

Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=&lt; 20 Tons) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) Heat Pumps (5.4 >=&lt; 20 Tons) Energy Cost Calculator for Commercial Heat Pumps (5.4 >=< 20 Tons) October 8, 2013 - 2:22pm Addthis Vary equipment size, energy cost, hours of operation, and /or efficiency level. INPUT SECTION Input the following data (if any parameter is missing, calculator will set to default value). Defaults Project Type New Installation Replacement New Installation Condenser Type Air Source Water Source Air Source Existing Capacity * ton - Existing Cooling Efficiency * EER - Existing Heating Efficiency * COP - Existing IPLV Efficiency * IPLV - New Capacity ton 10 tons New Cooling Efficiency EER 10.1 EER New Heating Efficiency COP 3.2 COP New IPLV Efficiency IPLV 10.4 IPLV Energy Cost $ per kWh $0.06 per kWh

26

To: Mansueti, Lawrence &lt;Lawrence.Mansueti@hq.doe.gov>  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

&lt;ecchimento@comcast.net> To: Mansueti, Lawrence Sent: Fri Nov 18 10:58:43 2005 Subject: Letter (9/12/05) for filing in DOE DCPSC Docket #EO-05-01 Mr. Mansueti, Would you please file for consideration the attached letter, originally sent to FERC, in DOE's Docket No. EO-05-01 regarding the DCPSC complaint? Thank you. Elizabeth Chimento and Poul Hertel 1200 North Pitt Street 1217 Michigan Court Alexandria, VA 22314 Alexandria, VA 22314 September 12, 2005 Joseph T. Kelliher, Chairman Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 888 First Street, N.E. Washington, D.C. 20426 Re: District of Columbia Public Service Commission Emergency Petition and Complaint Docket No. EL05-145-000 Dear Chairman Kelliher:

27

GyPSuM: A Detailed Tomographic Model of Mantle Density and Seismic Wave Speeds  

SciTech Connect

GyPSuM is a tomographic model fo mantle seismic shear wave (S) speeds, compressional wave (P) speeds and detailed density anomalies that drive mantle flow. the model is developed through simultaneous inversion of seismic body wave travel times (P and S) and geodynamic observations while considering realistic mineral physics parameters linking the relative behavior of mantle properties (wave speeds and density). Geodynamic observations include the (up to degree 16) global free-air gravity field, divergence of the tectonic plates, dynamic topography of the free surface, and the flow-induced excess ellipticity of the core-mantle boundary. GyPSuM is built with the philosophy that heterogeneity that most closely resembles thermal variations is the simplest possible solution. Models of the density field from Earth's free oscillations have provided great insight into the density configuration of the mantle; but are limited to very long-wavelength solutions. Alternatively, simply scaling higher resolution seismic images to density anomalies generates density fields that do not satisfy geodynamic observations. The current study provides detailed density structures in the mantle while directly satisfying geodynamic observations through a joint seismic-geodynamic inversion process. Notable density field observations include high-density piles at the base of the superplume structures, supporting the fundamental results of past normal mode studies. However, these features are more localized and lower amplitude than past studies would suggest. When we consider all seismic anomalies in GyPSuM, we find that P and S-wave speeds are strongly correlated throughout the mantle. However, correlations between the high-velocity S zones in the deep mantle ({approx} 2000 km depth) and corresponding P-wave anomalies are very low suggesting a systematic divergence from simplified thermal effects in ancient subducted slab anomalies. Nevertheless, they argue that temperature variations are the primary cause of P-wave, S-wave, and density anomalies in the mantle.

Simmons, N A; Forte, A M; Boschi, L; Grand, S P

2010-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

28

U.S. DEPARTI'vIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARTI'vIENT OF ENER DEPARTI'vIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DEIER1\IINATION RECIPIENT:City of Fort Wayne Page 1 of2 STATE: IN PROJECf TITLE: EECBG Fort Wayne , Indiana ARRA-EECBG (S) (SOW for Revised Activity #1 and Activity #3) Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-OOOOO13 DE-EEOO00825 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: B5.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

29

u.s. DEPARUvlllNT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARUvlllNT OF ENER DEPARUvlllNT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CENTER NEPA DETERl\IlNATION RECIPIENT:MI Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth PROJECT TITL E : SEP - Green Chemistry - CEAM Phase 3 - KTM Industries Page 1 oI2 STATE: Ml Funding Opportunity Announcement Number DE-FOA-OOOOO52 Procurement Instrument Number DE-EEOOOO166 NEPA Control Number em Num ber GFO-OOOO166-032 GOO Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed ac tion, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination : ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

30

GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlvIINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

n-IENT OF ENER n-IENT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlvIINATION Page 1 01'2 RECIPIENT:COUNTY OF MONTEREY, DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS STATE: CO PROJECf TITLE: RECOVERY ACT: COUNTY OF MONTEREY, CA ENERGY EFFICI ENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT Funding Opportunity Announcement Numi>t'r Procurement Instrumcnt Number NEPA Control Number em Number DE-FOA-OOOOO 13 OE-EEOOOO897.001 0 Based on my review of the inronnation concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the (ollowing determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: B5.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financia

31

RECIPIENT:MRC Polymers U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMDIT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MRC Polymers MRC Polymers U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMDIT CENTER NEPA DETERMrNATION PROJECf TITLE: MRC PET Recycling Facility Page 1 of2 STATE: IL Funding Opportunity Announcement Numbu Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number elD Number DE-FOA-OCX)()()52 EEOOOO119 EE119 Based on my review of the inronnation conenning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Offker (authorized undu DOE Order 45I.1A), I have made the rollowing determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical assistance to individuals (such as builders, owners

32

U.S. DEPARTU E NT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEM ENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARTU DEPARTU E NT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEM ENT CENTER NEPA DETERl\lINATION RECIPIENT:lllinois Department of Commerce & Economic Opportunity PROJECT TITLE: Joliet Junior College; Joliet Junior College Facilities Building Page 1 of2 STATE: IL Funding Opportunity Announcement Numbtr Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-OOOOOS2 EE119 Based on my review orlbe information concerning tbe proposed action, 8S NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following detennination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description : 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

33

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Peoria Peoria u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION PROJECT TITLE: Storage Tanks and Dispensers for E85 and Biodiesel (IL) Page 1 of2 STATE: Il Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE·EE

34

GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT:County of Escambia. FL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, , ... ~. u.s. DEPAR n-IENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT:County of Escambia. FL PROJECT TITLE: Road Prison Geothermal Earth Coupled HVAC Upgrade Page 1 of2 STATE: FL Funding Opportunity Announcement Numbtr Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-OOOOO13 DE-EEOOOO764.oo1 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action. as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination; ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

35

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENER ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION Page 1 of2 RECIPI[NT:Oklahoma Municipal Powwer Authority STATE: OK PROJECT TITLE: OKLAHOMA SEP ARRA· OMPA Large Systems Request AI Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Proc:urtmtnt Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CIO Number DE-FOA-OOOOO52 DE·EE0133 GF0-000133-062 Based on my review orlbe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authoriHd UDder DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: B5.19 Ground source heat pumps The installation, mocMcabon, operation and removal of commercially available smallscale ground source heat pumps to support operatloos In single facilities (suCh as a school Of community center) or contiguous facilities

36

DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT M~~AGEMENT CE"lTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENER ENER GY EERE PROJECT M~~AGEMENT CE"lTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT: Youngstown State University PROJECT TITLE: Center for Efficiency in Sustainable Energy Systems Page 1 of2 STATE : OH Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number em Number DE-EEOOOO366 GFQ-10-143 0 Based on my review arlhe information concerning tbe proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Offictr (authorized under DOE O rder 4SI.lA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Infonnation galhenng (including, but oot limited to, literature surveys, inventones, audits), data analYSIs (induding computer modeling), document preparation (such as cooceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

37

T OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlIIINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

.0I0J. .0I0J. u .s . DEPARnvIEN T OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlIIINATION RECIPIENT:Town of Irmo PROJECT TITLE: Irma Charing Cross Sidewalk Project ARRA·EECBG Page I of2 STATE: SC Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procur ement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number EEOOOO950/000 DE-EEOO00950 0 Based OD my review ortbe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45I.1A), I have made the following determination : ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 8 5.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

38

U.S. DEPARTI\IENT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENER ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENT ER NEPA DETERl\lINATION RECIPIENT:AA Solar Products PROJECT TITLE: AA Solar Tracking System Factory Page 1 of2 STATE: IL Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number em Number DE-FOA-OOOOOS2 EEOOOO119 GFO-1O-331 EE119 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Omen (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I ban made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description : 81 .31 Relocation of machinery and equipment, such as analytical laboratory apparatus, electronic hardware, maintenance equipment, and health and safety equipment, including minor construction necessary for removal and installation, where uses of the relocated items will be similar to their former uses and consistent with the general missions of the

39

P,OU)JI U.S. DEPARTIIIEN T OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OU)JI OU)JI U.S. DEPARTIIIEN T OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DE TERlVlINATION RECIPIENT:City of St Petersburg PROJECT TITLE: EECBG Gir( of St. Petersburg· Commercial Energy Efficiency Audit Program Page 1 0[2 STATE: FL Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-0000013 DE-EE00007BO 0 Based on my review or the infonnation concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45t.IA), I have made th l~ (ollowing determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited 10, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

40

RECIPIENT:NREL U.S. DEPARTUENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT M ANAGEMENT CENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DEPARTUENT OF ENER DEPARTUENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT M ANAGEMENT CENT ER NEPA DETERl\IINATION PROJECT TITLE: NREL Bus Service to Off-Site Parking lot; NREL Tracking No. 10-016 Page 1 of2 STATE: CO FUnding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurcmtntlnstrumtnt Number NEPA Control Number CIO Number NREl-10-016 G01 0337 Based on my review orlhe information concerning the proposed action, as N[PA Compliance Offi<:er (authoriud under DOE Order 4Sl.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: DOE/EA· 1440-5·1 .7 Final Supplement to Final Site-Wide Environmental Assessment of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) South Table Mountain Complex (May 2008) Transfer, lease, disposition , or acquisition of interests in personal property (e.g., equipment and materials) or

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

T OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MAN Au EMENT CENTER NEPA DE TERl\IINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

IEN IEN T OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MAN Au EMENT CENTER NEPA DE TERl\IINATION RECIPIENT:$acramenio Municipal Utility District PROJECT TITLE : CRED - SMUD: Van Warmerdam Dairy Page 1 of2 STATE: CA Funding Opportunity Announcement Number DE-FOA-OOOO122 Procurement Instrument Number DE-EE0003070 NEPA Control Number CID Number o Based on my review of the info r mation concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized undu DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including , but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling). document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

42

RECIPIENT:Louisvilie Metro u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Louisvilie Metro Louisvilie Metro u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CENTER NEPA DETERl\lINATION PROJECT TITLE: Green Jobs Revolving Loan Fund Page 1 01'2 STATE: KY Funding Opportunity Announcement Number 09EE003966 Procurement Instrument Number DE-EEOOOO729.001 NEPA Control Number em Number o Based on my review orthe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase tI1e indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

43

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U)~) U)~) u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT:Arizona Governor's Office of Energy Policy PROJECT TITLE : Arizona Rooftop Challenge (ARC) Page 1 of2 STATE: AZ Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number cm Number DE-FOA-Q000549 DE-EEOOO5693 GFO-OOOO5693-001 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45 1.1A),1 have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBE R: Description: A 11 Technical advice and assistance to organizations Technica! advice and planning assistance to international , national, state, and local organizations. A9 Information gathering, analysis, and dissemination

44

U.S. DEPARTlVIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT M ANAGEM ENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0I.0 ~ \ 0I.0 ~ \ U.S. DEPARTlVIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT M ANAGEM ENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT:ldaho Office of Energy Resources - City of Nampa PROJECT TITLE: SEP ARRA REEZ Nampa Wastewater Treatment Plant Biogas Boiler Project Page 1 of2 STATE: 10 Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number elD Number DE-FOA-OOOOOS2 DE-EEOO0141 GFO-09-156-007 0 Based on my review orlhe information concerning tbe proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (author ized under DOE Order 4SI. IA), I have made the (ollowing determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Actions to conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do nol increase the indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances. These actions may involve financial and technical

45

U.S. DEPARTIlIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENER ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION RECIPIENT: Hi-Q Geophysical Inc Page I of2 STATE: NV PROJECT TITLE: Phase 3 - Seismic Fracture Characterization Methodologies for Enhanced Geothermal Systems .' unding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-PS36-08G09800B DE-FG36-08G018191 GFO-G018191-003 G018191 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEP A Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: ex. EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

46

A&lt;ACD6B;GAQ=CD4Q  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Alt;ACD6B;GAQ=CD4Q =DCA3Q EG7@<9F5Q !' (*$!%), &", %!(#+, HIOKLMJPNMQ :8Q(%,1-Q .WAFTWbe?#Q 9TT@Xe (3* e.AO AW:K e&T[ O"Q- W:OY d  ]L *aA <[YI ^Ae) IWA= YTWe 0T: Oe 4WTF W:M Xe3C >Ae %RS[:Ke2:YITO:Ke+O_IWTONAOY:Ke5TKH=ce %

47

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffers some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs - National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide - either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C.E.; /Australian Natl. U., Canberra; Amory-Mazaudier, C.; /Lab.Phys.Plasmas, Saint Maur des Fosses; Barry, B.; /Assoc.African Univ., Accra; Chukwuma; /Olabisi Onabanjo U.; Cottrell, R.L.; /SLAC; Kalim, U.; /Pakistan Natl. U.; Mebrahtu, A.; /Mekelle U.; Petitdidier, M.; /Lab. d'Atmos., Velizy; Rabiu, B.; /Federal Tech. U., Akure; Reeves, C.; /Earthworks bv, Delft

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

48

eGY-Africa: Addressing the Digital Divide for Science in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Adoption of information and communication technologies and access to the Internet is expanding in Africa, but because of the rapid growth elsewhere, a Digital Divide between Africa and the rest of the world exists, and the gap is growing. In many sub-Saharan African countries, education and research sector suffer some of the worst deficiencies in access to the Internet, despite progress in development of NRENs National Research and Education (cyber) Networks. By contrast, it is widely acknowledged in policy statements from the African Union, the UN, and others that strength in this very sector provides the key to meeting and sustaining Millennium Development Goals. Developed countries with effective cyber-capabilities proclaim the benefits to rich and poor alike arising from the Information Revolution. This is but a dream for many scientists in African institutions. As the world of science becomes increasingly Internet-dependent, so they become increasingly isolated. eGY-Africa is a bottom-up initiative by African scientists and their collaborators to try to reduce this Digital Divide by a campaign of advocacy for better institutional facilities. Four approaches are being taken. The present status of Internet services, problems, and plans are being mapped via a combination of direct measurement of Internet performance (the PingER Project) and a questionnaire-based survey. Information is being gathered on policy statements and initiatives aimed at reducing the Digital Divide, which can be used for arguing the case for better Internet facilities. Groups of concerned scientists are being formed at the national, regional levels in Africa, building on existing networks as much as possible. Opinion in the international science community is being mobilized. Finally, and perhaps most important of all, eGY-Africa is seeking to engage with the many other programs, initiatives, and bodies that share the goal of reducing the Digital Divide either as a direct policy objective, or indirectly as a means to an end, such as the development of an indigenous capability in science and technology for national development. The expectation is that informed opinion from the scientific community at the institutional, national, and international levels can be used to influence the decision makers and donors who are in a position to deliver better Internet capabilities.

Barton, C. E.

2010-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

49

Inference of Causal Networks from Time-course Transcription Data in Response to a2 Gy Challenge Dose of Ionizing Radiation with or without a 10 cGy Priming Dose  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Causal Networks from Time-course Transcription Data in Response to a Causal Networks from Time-course Transcription Data in Response to a 2 Gy Challenge Dose of Ionizing Radiation with or without a 10 cGy Priming Dose Kai Zhang, Ju Han, Torsten Groesser, Priscilla Cooper, and Bahram Parvin Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Goal: To elucidate temporal-dependent gene templates, causal networks, and underlying biological processes that can be inferred in response to a 10 cGy priming dose with or without a later higher challenged dose. Background and significance: Mechanistic inference of regulatory network can provide new insights into radiation systems biology. The main challenge continues to be high dimensionality of data, complex network architecture and limited knowledge of biological processes.

50

RECIPI ENT;Kitsap County u.s. DEPARTlvIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENT;Kitsap County ENT;Kitsap County u.s. DEPARTlvIENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENT ER NEPA DETERlVITNATION PROJECT TITLE: EECBG * Energy Service Corps (SOW) Page 1 01'2 STATE: WA Funding Opportunity Announcem ent Number DE-FOA..QOOOO13 Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-EEOOOO853 '1t;..o -6ObC>g5~- 0(.::)\ EE81128 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the foUowing determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.1 Aclions 10 conserve energy, demonstrate potential energy conservation, and promote energy-efficiency that do not increase Ihe indoor concentrations of potentially harmful substances, These actions may involve financial and technical

51

QUARTER SH OR T-T ER M EN ER GY OU TL OO K QUAR TERL Y PROJ  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 2 QUARTER SH OR T-T ER M EN ER GY OU TL OO K QUAR TERL Y PROJ ECTIO NS ENERGY INFORMA TION ADMINIST RATION May 1991 This publication may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Purchasing in formation for this or other Energy Information Administration (EIA) publications may be obtained from the Government Printing Office or ElA's National Energy Information Center. Questions on energy statistics should be directed to the Center by mail, telephone, or telecommunications device for the hearing impaired. Addresses, telephone numbers, and hours are as follows: National Energy Information Center, El-231 Energy Information Administration Forrestal Building, Room 1F-048 Washington, DC 20585 (202) 586-8800 Telecommunications Device for the

52

Radiotherapy Doses of 80 Gy and Higher Are Associated With Lower Mortality in Men With Gleason Score 8 to 10 Prostate Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Men with Gleason score (GS) 8-10 prostate cancer (PCa) are assumed to have a high risk of micrometastatic disease at presentation. However, local failure is also a major problem. We sought to establish the importance of more aggressive local radiotherapy (RT) to {>=}80 Gy. Methods and Materials: There were 226 men treated consecutively with RT {+-} ADT from 1988 to 2002 for GS 8-10 PCa. Conventional, three-dimensional conformal or intensity-modulated (IM) RT was used. Radiation dose was divided into three groups: (1) <75 Gy (n = 50); (2) 75-79.9 Gy (n = 60); or (3) {>=}80 Gy (n = 116). The endpoints examined included biochemical failure (BF; nadir + 2 definition), distant metastasis (DM), cause-specific mortality, and overall mortality (OM). Results: Median follow-up was 66, 71, and 58 months for Groups 1, 2, and 3. On Fine and Gray's competing risk regression analysis, significant predictors of reduced BF were RT dose {>=}80 Gy (p = 0.011) and androgen deprivation therapy duration {>=}24 months (p = 0.033). In a similar model of DM, only RT dose {>=}80 Gy was significant (p = 0.007). On Cox regression analysis, significant predictors of reduced OM were RT dose {>=}80 Gy (p = 0.035) and T category (T3/4 vs. T1, p = 0.041). Dose was not a significant determinant of cause-specific mortality. Results for RT dose were similar in a model with RT dose and ADT duration as continuous variables. Conclusion: The results indicate that RT dose escalation to {>=}80 Gy is associated with lower risks of BF, DM, and OM in men with GS 8-10 PCa, independently of androgen deprivation therapy.

Pahlajani, Niraj [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ (United States); Ruth, Karen J. [Department of Biostatistics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Buyyounouski, Mark K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Chen, David Y.T. [Department of Urology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Horwitz, Eric M.; Hanks, Gerald E.; Price, Robert A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Pollack, Alan, E-mail: apollack@med.miami.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL (United States)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

* ^ -^. «*'*: IV: .&lt;:.**  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

* ^ -^. «*'*: IV: .<:.**,.,? '* -^^V; , *"'^"T-'^T * .^'^ **'*--'"-* *'*V-; "'^ v ^V ^^-^^;-'jl^'-^^i5^^v>^Ll-';.i»S-'^^^ * . '"* L"".'"-'?_,. -*'-_*:'?'. v>;': |: ,^% ;'. >' 4-.**;- *"-.''' * Lite -^ t.-^»!, m ". *Bfc' Table 8. Foreign Crude Oil and Natural Gas Liquids Reserve Interest for FRS Companies, 1983 and Percent Change from 1982 Crude Oil and Reserves Total OECD Foreign___Canada___Europe Africa___Mtdeast Other Eastern Hemisphere Other Western Hemisphere 1983 (million barrels) Total Crude and |GL

54

&lt;AVS>  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Antelope Valley Station to Neset Transmission Project Antelope Valley Station to Neset Transmission Project This environmental impact statement (EIS) prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), Rural Utilities Service (RUS) provides information about the potential environmental impacts of the proposed Antelope Valley Station (AVS) to Neset Transmission Project. This project, proposed by Basin Electric Power Cooperative (Basin Electric), would include a new 345-kilovolt (kV) transmission line connecting the existing AVS, Charlie Creek, Williston, and Neset substations and the newly proposed Judson and Tande 345-kV substations. In addition to the approximately 190 miles of new 345-kV transmission line, the project would also construct two new 345 kV substations (Judson Substation west of Williston and Tande Substation southeast of Tioga), and several miles of 230-kV transmission line to connect the 345-kV transmission line into the existing area system.

55

G?)~~&lt;+!T  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

- - G?)~~<+!T (?-?A / ;--\h \ , ; - \\ HAZARDOUS WASTE - _ I N S T A L L A T I O N ASSESSMENT REPORT BY D A V I D N - F A U V E R MAY 1986 IT kh; E,?$$ C / ~ R / I R ~ WORK PERFORMED UNDER C O N T R A C T NO. D E - A C 0 8 - 8 4 N V 1 0 3 2 7 REYNOLDS E L E C T R I C A L g ENGINEERING C O * , INC POST O F F I C E BOX 14400 LAS VEGAS, NV 8 9 1 1 q DISCLAIMER Portions of this document may be illegible in electronic image products. Images are produced from the best available original document. HAZARDOUS W A S T E I N S T A L L A T I O N A S S E S S M E N T R E P O R T B Y D A V I D N. F A U V E R MAY 1986 WORK PERFORMED U N D E R C O N T R A C T NO. D E - A C 0 8 - 8 4 N V 1 0 3 2 7 R E Y N O L D S E L E C T R I C A L & E N G I N E E R I N G COW, I N C - P O S T O F F I C E B O X 1 4 4 0 0 L A S VEGAS, N V 8 9 1 1 q This page intentionally left blank DISCLAIMER T h i s r e p o r t was p r e p a r e d as an account o f work sponsored by an agency o

56

Tesis LT.PDF  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DETERMINACION DE LA IRRADIANCION SOLAR SOBRE EL DETERMINACION DE LA IRRADIANCION SOLAR SOBRE EL TERRITORIO DE CUBA A PARTIR DE IMÁGENES DE SATELITES. Autores: Israel Borrajero Montejo * Lourdes Lavastida** Juan Carlos Pelaez Chavez* Instituto de Meteorología de Cuba La investigación se realizo dentro del acápite relacionado con la radiación solar del Proyecto SWERA para Cuba * Grupo de Radiación Solar del Centro de Física de la Atmósfera del Instituto de Meteorología de Cuba Ministerio de Ciencia Tecnología y Medio Ambiente ** Dpto de Información de Satelites del Centro Nacional de Pronostico Instituto de Meteorología de Cuba Ministerio de Ciencia Tecnología y Medio Ambiente 2 Introducción. El Sol, fuente de vida, es la energía más importante disponible en el planeta y

57

SN 2006gy: Discovery of the most luminous supernova ever recorded, powered by the death of an extremely massive star like Eta Carinae  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(abridged) We report our discovery and observations of the peculiar Type IIn supernova SN2006gy in NGC1260, revealing that it reached a peak magnitude of -22, making it the most luminous supernova ever recorded. It is not yet clear what powers the total radiated energy of 1e51 erg, but we argue that any mechanism -- thermal emission, circumstellar interaction, or 56Ni decay -- requires a very massive progenitor star. The circumstellar interaction hypothesis would require truly exceptional conditions around the star probably experienced an LBV eruption like the 19th century eruption of eta Carinae. Alternatively, radioactive decay of 56Ni may be a less objectionable hypothesis. That power source would imply a large Ni mass of 22 Msun, requiring that SN2006gy was a pair-instability supernova where the star's core was obliterated. SN2006gy is the first supernova for which we have good reason to suspect a pair-instability explosion. Based on a number of lines of evidence, we rule out the hypothesis that SN 2006gy was a ``Type IIa'' event. Instead, we propose that the progenitor may have been a very massive evolved object like eta Carinae that, contrary to expectations, failed to completely shed its massive hydrogen envelope before it died. Our interpretation of SN2006gy implies that the most massive stars can explode earlier than expected, during the LBV phase, preventing them from ever becoming Wolf-Rayet stars. SN2006gy also suggests that the most massive stars can create brilliant supernovae instead of dying ignominious deaths through direct collapse to a black hole.

Nathan Smith; Weidong Li; Ryan J. Foley; J. Craig Wheeler; Dave Pooley; Ryan Chornock; Alexei V. Filippenko; Jeffrey M. Silverman; Robert Quimby; Joshua S. Bloom; Charles Hansen

2006-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

58

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

PU Kenya KE Lesotho LT Liberia LI Libya LY Madagascar MA Malawi MI Mali ML Mauritania MR Mauritius MP Morocco MO Mozambique MZ Namibia WA Niger NG Nigeria NI Reunion ...

59

Gene expression analysis of human primary prostate epithelial and fibroblast cell cultures to an acute dose of 10cGy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

26, 2011 26, 2011 Gene expression analysis of human primary prostate epithelial and fibroblast cell cultures to an acute dose of 10cGy J. Tyson McDonald, Julia Fox, Heather Szelag, Annie Kang, Heiko Enderling, Peter Nowd, Douglas Scheinder, Giannoula Lakka Klement, Ingolf Tuerk, and Lynn Hlatky Center of Cancer Systems Biology, Steward St. Elizabeth's Medical Center, 736 Cambridge Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02135. Primary tissue represents a better model for studies than immortalized cell lines that are adapted

60

Low Dose Radiation Response Curves, Networks and Pathways in Human Lymphoblastoid Cells Exposed from 1 to 10 cGy of Acute Gamma Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We investigated the low dose dependency of the transcriptional response of human cells to characterize the shape and biological functions associated with the dose response curve and to identify common and conserved functions of low dose expressed genes across cells and tissues. Human lymphoblastoid (HL) cells from two unrelated individuals were exposed to graded doses of radiation spanning the range of 1-10 cGy were analyzed by transcriptome profiling, qPCR and bioinformatics, in comparison to sham irradiated samples. A set of {approx}80 genes showed consistent responses in both cell lines; these genes were associated with homeostasis mechanisms (e.g., membrane signaling, molecule transport), subcellular locations (e.g., Golgi, and endoplasmic reticulum), and involved diverse signal transduction pathways. The majority of radiation-modulated genes had plateau-like responses across 1-10 cGy, some with suggestive evidence that transcription was modulated at doses below 1 cGy. MYC, FOS and TP53 were the major network nodes of the low-dose response in HL cells. Comparison our low dose expression findings in HL cells with those of prior studies in mouse brain after whole body exposure, in human keratinocyte cultures, and in endothelial cells cultures, indicates that certain components of the low dose radiation response are broadly conserved across cell types and tissues, independent of proliferation status.

Wyrobek, A. J.; Manohar, C. F.; Nelson, D. O.; Furtado, M. R.; Bhattacharya, M. S.; Marchetti, F.; Coleman, M.A.

2011-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

As you may kn&&lt;' the~de&tment of &~er& (D&j 1s involved'in'a pronram  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

As you may kn&<' the~de&tment of &~er& (D&j 1s involved'in'a pronram As you may kn&&lt;' the~de&tment of &~er& (D&j 1s involved'in'a pronram '. to'chiiracterlze the radjologital cbndif~on of ,sites formerly used byythe . . . ., Manhattan Engineer Dlstrlct (NED) and/or Atomjc Energy Co$n~~lssiqq (AEC); in.. the development of 'nuclear energy.. As part..of this -programi' DOE is 1~ I+ preparing, ,a' series of. brJef~ summaries ,-of .the' history:. of' tho ,#D/AEC~ : : ..; 'i ..relatecl activities and 'Conditions at .thc. sneclfic. sites. The surnaaries~ are to 'document the activities 'frcmi the ~nitlation 'of a contract with' j.'., F:ED/AEC,-to the terminationof the firial.F1EO/AEC contract; The ,historical .: '_ ,,:~,st&naries aIs. briefly' describe the. currant .conditi,on of .each site.

62

&lt;GrandPrairie>  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Grande Praire Wind Farm, O'Neill, NE Grande Praire Wind Farm, O'Neill, NE The Western Area Power Administration (Western), an agency of the Department of Energy (DOE), intends to prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) on the proposed interconnection of the Grande Prairie Wind Farm (Project) in Holt County, near the city of O'Neill, Nebraska. Grande Prairie Wind, LLC (Grande Prairie), a subsidiary of Midwest Wind Energy Development Group, LLC, has applied to Western to interconnect their proposed Project to Western's power transmission system. Western is issuing this notice to inform the public and interested parties about Western's intent to prepare an EIS, conduct a public scoping process, and invite the public to comment on the scope, proposed action, alternatives, and other issues to be addressed in the EIS.

63

G&lt; TEI-779 MASTER  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

c*£ c*£ & G< TEI-779 MASTER (fA/L-y-yj. U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR GEOLOGIC INVESTIGATIONS IN SUPPORT OF PROJECT CHARIOT, PHASE 111, IN THE VICINITY OF CAPE THOMPSON, NORTH- WESTERN ALASKA Preliminary Report By Reuben Kachadoorian Russell H. Campbell George W. Moore David W. Scholl January 1961 Arthur H. Lachenbruch Rex V. Allen Gordon W. Greene Roger M. Waller B. Vaughn Marshall Marvin J. Slaughter David F. Barnes This report is preliminary and has not been edited for con- formity with Geological Survey format and nomenclature. Geological Survey Washington, D. C. Prepared by Geological Survey for the UNITED STATES ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION Office of Technical Information L E G A L N O T I C E This report was prepared as an account of Government sponsored work. Neither the United

64

ORNL/RASA-84/LT6  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

W. D. Cottrell - RASAFUSRAP Project Director R. W. Doane - Survey Field Supervisor Work performed as part of the RADIOLOGICAL SURVEY ACTIVITIES PROGRAM Prepared by the OAK...

65

Manhattan Project: San Ildefonso Pueblo Party&lt;/FONT>  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

SAN ILDEFONSO PUEBLO PARTY SAN ILDEFONSO PUEBLO PARTY Los Alamos (December 1945) Resources > Photo Gallery San Ildefonso Pueblo party, December 1945 A special 1995 issue of the monthly publication of the Los Alamos National Laboratory, "Dateline: Los Alamos," described the party this way: "On a cold December night in 1945, the San Ildefonso Pueblo, a tribe of Native Americans living next to Los Alamos, invited a group of Los Alamos square dancers to their pueblo for an evening of fun and entertainment. The two communities had seen a lot of each other during the war as men and women from the pueblo commuted daily to work at Los Alamos. The association produced a cross fertilization of cultures. "Bernice Brode wrote: 'Some of us had more Indian crafts in our Army apartments than the Indians had in their homes, (and) modern American conveniences such as refrigerators and linoleum began cropping up in the pueblo.' At the dance, the Indians performed for the square dancers and the square dancers performed for the Indians. After the demonstrations, members from the two groups began dancing with each other. Charlie Masters, a teacher at the Los Alamos school, wrote: 'This fiesta-hoedown I like to remember as the climax of our relations with the natives.'

66

Pending LT LNG Export Apps (12-6-13).xlsx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Current Current Processing Position Company DOE/FE Docket No. 1 Cameron LNG, LLC 11-162-LNG 2 Jordan Cove Energy Project, L.P. 12-32-LNG 3 LNG Development Company, LLC (d/b/a Oregon LNG) 12-77-LNG 4 Cheniere Marketing, LLC 12-97-LNG 5 Excelerate Liquefaction Solutions I, LLC 12-146-LNG 6 Carib Energy (USA) LLC 11-141-LNG 7 Gulf Coast LNG Export, LLC 12-05-LNG 8 Southern LNG Company, L.L.C. 12-100-LNG 9 Gulf LNG Liquefaction Company, LLC 12-101-LNG 10 CE FLNG, LLC 12-123-LNG 11 Golden Pass Products LLC 12-156-LNG 12 Pangea LNG (North America) Holdings, LLC 12-184-LNG 13 Trunkline LNG Export, LLC 13-04-LNG 14 Freeport-McMoRan Energy LLC 13-26-LNG 15 Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC 13-30-LNG 16 Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC 13-42-LNG 17 Venture Global LNG, LLC 13-69-LNG 18 Eos LNG LLC 13-116-LNG 19 Barca LNG LLC

67

Jersey Central Power & Lt Co | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Place Ohio Place Ohio Utility Id 9726 Utility Location Yes Ownership I NERC Location RFC NERC RFC Yes RTO PJM Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] Energy Information Administration Form 826[2] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png GS (General Service) Commercial GST (General Service Time-Of-Day) Commercial RS Residential RT Residential Average Rates No Rates Available The following table contains monthly sales and revenue data for Jersey

68

Detailed Relationship Between Local Structure Polarons and Magnetization for La1-xCaxMnO3 (0.21 lt x lt 0.45)  

SciTech Connect

We present detailed local structure measurements (using the extended x-ray absorption fine structure technique) for the colossal magnetoresistive material La{sub 1-x}Ca{sub x}MnO{sub 3} (0.21 < x < 0.45) as a function of temperature and magnetic field. The local distortions of the Mn-O bonds are parameterized using {sigma}, the width of the Mn-O pair-distribution function (PDF). After subtracting thermal phonon contributions, we show that the contributions to {sigma}{sup 2} from polaron and Jahn-Teller (JT) distortions, {sigma}{sub JT/polaron}{sup 2}, are a universal function of the magnetization, independent of how the magnetization is achieved via changes in temperature or magnetic field. However this universal behavior is only observed for B fields {ge} 2 T, likely as a result of domain canting in low B fields. The resulting curve is well described by two straight lines with significantly different slopes. These regimes represent two distinctly differ distortions of the oxygen octahedra about the Mn. For low magnetizations up to {approx}65% of the theoretical maximum magnetization, M{sub T}, the slope is low and the distortion removed as the sample becomes magnetized is small - we argue this arises from polarons which have a low distortion around two (or possibly three) Mn sites. At high magnetizations large distortions per Mn site are removed as these sites become magnetized. The data are also analyzed in terms of a two Mn-O peak distribution using experimental standards for Mn-O. The results agree well with recent neutron PDF results but not with some earlier results. We discuss the limitations of assuming a two peak distribution in view of the two distortions needed to describe the Mn-O distortions as a function of T and B for B {ge} 2 T. It is likely that there is a distribution of longer bonds. Finally we show that with increasing B field, the Mn-Mn peak also has a small B-field-induced change - a measure at the unit cell level of magnetostriction but find that there is no observable B-field-induced change in the Mn-La/Ca pair distribution for fields up to {approx}10 T.

F Bridges; L Downward; J Neumeier; T Tyson

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

69

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REClPIENT:Optony Inc. REClPIENT:Optony Inc. PROJECf Southwest Solar Transformation Initiative TITLE: Page 1 of2 STATE: CA Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procuremrnt Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DOE·FQA.Q()()()549 DE-EEOOO5682 GF0-0005682-OO1 0 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposw action, as NEPA Compliance Offic:er (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA),1 have made the follOwing determination : ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Ocscription : A11 Technical advice a nd as s istance to organizations Technical advice and planning assistance to international, national, state, and local organizabons A91nf ormation gathering. analysis, and dissemination Informabon gathenng (indudlng, but not limited 10, literature surveys, inventories, site VISits, and audits), data analysis

70

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RECIPIENT: RECIPIENT: Govemor's Office of Energy Independence and Security PROJECT TITL.E: State Energy Program Year 2012 Fonnula Grant Page 1 of2 STATE: ME Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number N[PA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-0000643 R130272 GF0-0130272-OO1 Based on my ~view oftht information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, tiS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A11 Technical advice and assistance to organizations A9 Information gathering, analysis, and dissemination Rational for determination: Technical adVice and planning assistance to International. nabonal state and local organtzatlons InfOOTlaboo gathenng (indudlng. but not limited to, literature surveys InventOrieS. Site visits and

71

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Page 1 of2 Page 1 of2 RECIPIENT:Hudson Valley Community College sub: Mohaw k Valley Community College STATE: NY PROJECT TITLE: Northeast Photovaltaic Regional Training Provider Funding Opportunity Announc~mtnl Number Procu~mtnt Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-EE-O:Xl2087 OE-EEOOO2087 GF().{)()()2087-OO7 Based on my review orthe inform ation concerning the proPOSH action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the (oUowinli': determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A91nfonnation Information gathering (indudlng, but not limited to, literature surveys, Inventones, site Visits, and audits), gathering, analysis, data analysis (including, but not limited to, computer modeling), document preparation (induding, but

72

Tl\\lENT OF ENER GY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

building codes. The City has developed an Owner's Project Requirements document for LEED Fundamental Commissioning and would be incorporating LEED standards with the goal of...

73

Scientific and Engineering Challenges and New Strategy for Development of gy p  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inspector General*) *www.ig.energy.gov/documents/CalendarYear2003/ig-0632.pdf CANDU Reactors: 27 kg from over 40 years, $30M/kg (current) CANDU Supply w/o Fusion Tritium decays at 5.47% per year

California at Los Angeles, University of

74

Energy Efficiency Services Sector:gy y Workforce Size and Expectations for Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

& greenhouse gas reduction goals Are there adequately trained people to design, manage, and install and training organizations (n=33) ­ Other subject-area experts (n~50) · Literature review; analysis workers? ­ What training will be required? ­ What bottlenecks to expanding theWhat bottlenecks

75

Analysis of AGS E880 polarimeter data at Gy = 12.5.  

SciTech Connect

Data were collected with the AGS internal (E880) polarimeter at G{gamma} = 12.5 during the FY04 polarized proton run. Measurements were made with forward scintillation counters in coincidence with recoil counter telescopes, permitting an absolute calibration of the polarimeter for both nylon and carbon targets. The results are summarized and they will also be useful for an absolute calibration of the AGS CNI polarimeter at G{gamma} = 12.5.

Cadman, R.; Huang, H.; Krueger, K.; Spinka, H.; Underwood, D. (High Energy Physics); (Brookhaven National Laboratory)

2012-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

76

Energy Balance and Carbon Dioxide Flux in Conventional and No-Till Maize Fields in Lesotho, Southern Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The capacity of soils to sequester carbon is currently of scientific interest because soil management impacts carbon dioxide flux and can mitigate the effects (more)

Bruns, Wendy Anne

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Incorporating technology into the Lesotho science curriculum: investigating the gap between the intended and the implemented curriculum.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The inclusion of technology in the school curriculum has been a concern in many countries following the 1990 Jomtien World Conference on Education for (more)

Ntoi, Litšabako

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Manhattan Project: A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb&lt;!--Include title  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

President Franklin Roosevelt's note to Vannevar Bush giving Bush the tentative go-ahead to build the atomic bomb. A TENTATIVE DECISION TO BUILD THE BOMB President Franklin Roosevelt's note to Vannevar Bush giving Bush the tentative go-ahead to build the atomic bomb. A TENTATIVE DECISION TO BUILD THE BOMB Washington, D.C.(1941-1942) Events > Early Government Support, 1939-1942 Einstein's Letter, 1939 Early Uranium Research, 1939-1941 Piles and Plutonium, 1939-1941 Reorganization and Acceleration, 1940-1941 The MAUD Report, 1941 A Tentative Decision to Build the Bomb, 1941-1942 Vannevar Bush moved swiftly to take advantage of the positive MAUD Report. Without waiting for Arthur Compton's latest committee to finish its work confirming the MAUD Committee's conclusions, Bush on October 9, 1941, met with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Vice President Henry A. Wallace (who had been briefed on uranium research in July). Bush summarized the British findings, discussed cost and duration of a bomb project, and emphasized the uncertainty of the situation. He also received the President's permission to explore construction needs with the Army. Roosevelt instructed him to move as quickly as possible but not to go beyond research and development. Bush, then, was to find out if a bomb could be built and at what cost but not to proceed to the production stage without further presidential authorization. Roosevelt indicated that he could find a way to finance the project and asked Bush to draft a letter so that the British government could be approached "at the top.

79

Spin-Assisted Layer-by-Layer Assembly: Variation of Stratification as Studied with Neutron Reflectivity&lt;xref ref-type="fn" rid="end1">&lt;sup></sup><;/xref>  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

21/la9014042 21/la9014042 14017 Langmuir 2009, 25(24), 14017-14024 Published on Web 07/06/2009 pubs.acs.org/Langmuir © 2009 American Chemical Society Spin-Assisted Layer-by-Layer Assembly: Variation of Stratification as Studied with Neutron Reflectivity † Eugenia Kharlampieva, ‡ Veronika Kozlovskaya, ‡ Jennifer Chan, ‡ John F. Ankner, § and Vladimir V. Tsukruk* ,‡ ‡ Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia 30332, and § Spallation Neutron Source, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 Received April 20, 2009. Revised Manuscript Received June 10, 2009 We apply neutron reflectivity to probe the internal structure of spin-assisted layer-by-layer (SA-LbL) films composed of electrostatically assembled polyelectrolytes. We find that the level of stratification and the degree of layer

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

IES &lt;Virtual Environment> version 6.1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tax Deduction Qualified Software Tax Deduction Qualified Software IES version 6.1 On this page you'll find information about the IES version 6.1 qualified computer software (buildings.energy.gov/qualified_software.html), which calculates energy and power cost savings that meet federal tax incentive requirements for commercial buildings. Date Documentation Received by DOE: 22 December 2009 Statements in quotes are from the software developer. Internal Revenue Code §179D (c)(1) and (d) Regulations Notice 2006-52, Section 6 requirements as amplified by Notice 2008-40, Section 4 requirements. (1) The name, address, and (if applicable) web site of the software developer; Integrated Environmental Solutions Limited Helix Building, West Of Scotland

82

Luhman 16AB: A Remarkable, Variable L/T Transition Binary 2 pc from the Sun  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Luhman (2013) has reported the discovery of a brown dwarf binary system only 2.01+/-0.15 pc from the Sun. The binary is well-resolved with a projected separation of 1.5", and spectroscopic observations have identified the components as late-L and early-T dwarfs. The system exhibits several remarkable traits, including a "flux reversal", where the T dwarf is brighter over 0.9-1.3 micron but fainter at other wavelengths; and significant (~10%) short-period (~4.9 hr) photometric variability with a complex light curve. These observations suggest spatial variations in condensate cloud structure, which is known to evolve substantially across the L dwarf/T dwarf transition. Here we report preliminary results from a multi-site monitoring campaign aimed at probing the spectral and temporal properties of this source. Focusing on our spectroscopic observations, we report the first detections of NIR spectral variability, present detailed analysis of K I lines that confirm differences in condensate opacity between the com...

Burgasser, A J; Beletsky, Y; Plavchan, P; Gillon, M; Radigan, J; Jehin, E; Delrez, L; Opitom, C; Morrell, N; Osten, R; Street, R; Melis, C; Triaud, A; Simcoe, R

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Statement of Lt Gen Frank Klotz, USAF (Ret) Before the United...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and the public. The military services often say that people are their most important asset. It's true; and, it applies to NNSA as well. Highly trained, experienced and motivated...

84

R E S U LT S Ye a r s 1 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be applied to develop effective interventions aimed at reducing pesticide exposure. R E S E A R C H E R S R E of an organophos- phate pesticide (methamidophos) to a potato crop in Eastern Washington (Weppner et al., 2004 to understand how physical factors (e.g. relating to pesticide spray drift) and behavioral factors (e.g. ac

Washington at Seattle, University of

85

Microsoft Word - Peninsula_Light_Co_L0308_Mod_CX_and_EnvCkLt.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Chad Hamel, Project Manager, TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Peninsula Light Company Line and Load Interconnection Request L0308 (amendment to previous Categorical Exclusion issued on May 5, 2011) Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.12 Construction of powerlines Location: Mason County, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes a modification to a tap line that would interconnect Peninsula Light Company (PLC) into BPA's Shelton-Kitsap #2 115-kV transmission line in Mason County, WA. The original proposal involved constructing the tap within existing BPA right-of-way (ROW), as described in the categorical exclusion issued

86

California Reach StandardsCalifornia Reach Standards for Building Energy Efficiencyfor Building Energy Efficiencyo u d g e gy c e cyo u d g e gy c e cy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

td Li hti· High Efficacy Outdoor Lighting · Service Water Heating in Large Restaurants ­ 15% Solar Fraction or 95% water heater efficiencyor 95% water heater efficiency Tier I · 95% of Energy Budget ­ Tier, Part 11 - Residential Changes since May 2012 Proposal · Removal of Maximum Hot Water Pipe Volume from

87

u.s. DEPARThIENT OF F NER GY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM EN T CEN  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

govemments. Covered actions include, but are not limited to: programmed lowering of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water...

88

Set To Save *and* AB 811Set To Save and AB 811 Energy Independence Program (EIP)gy p g ( )  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Office of Energy ManagementPatrick Conlon, Director, Office of Energy Management 73-710 Fred Waring Drive

Kammen, Daniel M.

89

School of Civil and Environmental Engineering GE O RGIA IN S TITU TE O F TE CHN O LO GY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

varying concentrations of by-products of bio-fuel energy generation #12;CEE @ GT TSE TRANSPORTATION environment. This diverse and dynamic field impacts society by advancing civilization and quality of life. #12 Fluid Mechanics and Water Resources + Geosystems Engineering + Structural Engineering, Mechanics

Wang, Yuhang

90

Transportation Impact Assessment for Shipment of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF&lt;sub>6&lt;/sub>) Cylinders from the East Tennessee Technology Park to the Portsmouth and Paducah Gaseous Diffusion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 2 Transportation Impact Assessment for Shipment of Uranium Hexafluoride (UF 6 ) Cylinders from the East Tennessee Technology Park to the Portsmouth and Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plants Environmental Assessment Division Argonne National Laboratory Operated by The University of Chicago, under Contract W-31-109-Eng-38, for the United States Department of Energy Argonne National Laboratory Argonne National Laboratory, with facilities in the states of Illinois and Idaho, is owned by the United States Government and operated by The University of Chicago under the provisions of a contract with the Department of Energy. This technical memorandum is a product of Argonne's Environmental Assessment Division (EAD). For information on the division's scientific and engineering

91

LAC Regional Platform Workshop Insurance & Visas | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kenya Kirguizistn Kosovo Kuwait Lesotho Liberia * Lybia Lebanon Madagascar Malaysia Malawi Mali Morocco Mauritania Moldavia Mongolia Mozambique Namibia Nepal Nicaragua...

93

A Repository Adapter for Resource Management Information T.M. Ong, L.T. Chia and B.S. Lee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of these managed resources. The Common Information Model (CIM) provides such a standard for their description. However, the CIM specifi- cation lacks formalism which limits its use in knowledge aggregation in CIM. The adapter translates CIM constructs to an ontology-based language, the Data Centre Markup Lan

Chia, Liang-Tien

94

Considerations for Conversion or Replacement of Medium-Voltage Air-Magnetic Circuit Breakers Using Vacuum or SF6 Technolo gy: Revision to TR-106761  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Obsolescence and aging of medium-voltage circuit breakers in nuclear power plants are realities. Plants that are pursuing plant life extension must decide whether to continue to maintain their existing obsolete circuit breakers or to convert or replace them with newer technology. This document provides relevant and useful information regarding conversions and replacement circuit breakers.

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

95

Low Dose Radiation Response Curves, Networks and Pathways in Human Lymphoblastoid Cells Exposed from 1 to 10 cGy of Acute Gamma Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ATP-dependent DEAD-box RNA helicase p72, Mol Cell Biol. A.O.asp-glu-ala-asp/his) RNA helicase that may alter protein-RNA

Wyrobek, A. J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Low Dose Radiation Response Curves, Networks and Pathways in Human Lymphoblastoid Cells Exposed from 1 to 10 cGy of Acute Gamma Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

R.B. Mikkelsen, Ionizing radiation-induced, mitochondria-W.K. Rorrer, P.B. Chen, Radiation-induced proliferation ofresponse genes to ionizing radiation in human lymphoblastoid

Wyrobek, A. J.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Saint Helena Sao Tome and Principe ...

98

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

FY2008-icsti Slide08 Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand...

99

About TMS Membership: e-Memberships  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Indonesia Iran, Islamic Rep. Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Dem Rep. Kyrgyz Republic Lao PDR Lesotho Liberia. Macedonia, FYR

100

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

states of the UN Commission on Science and Technology for development: Brazil Chile China Democratic Republic of Congo Cuba Finland France Ghana India Latvia Lesotho Mauritius...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Slide08 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Current Information Partners in WorldWideScience.org (cont.) Kenya Korea Lesotho Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Malawi Mauritius The Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Portugal Senegal South...

102

^ &lt;\^ P. Franzmi, B. Leontic, D. Rahm and N. Saraios JS^'^'^'^^ Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York litHwIUl  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

r . . - r . . - Submitted to Phys. Rev. Letters January 1965 B-40 (BC) , ^ i r A Search for Massive Particles Produced in Interactions at 30 BeV* BNL 8751 ( ^ ^ <\^ P. Franzmi, B. Leontic, D. Rahm and N. Saraios JS^'^'^'^^ Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York litHwIUl .<^W<,^' o<^V ^' Schwartz sSr . . , ,<= ^^ <^ Columbia University, New York, New York We report here the results of a search for moderately stable negatively charged particles in the mass region of 2.5 - 5.0 BeV, produced in collisions of 30 BeV protons with tungsten nuclei at the Brookhaven A.G.S. The unitary symmetry model of strong interactions has received an impressive amount of experimental 2 confirmation. This in turn has stimulated a great deal of speculation concerning the origin of such a symmetry, leading to

103

E F F I C I E N CY A N D R E N E W A B L E E N E R GY D IV I S I O N CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

," is a one-piece integral unit containing a power supply, transformer, heat sink, and LED circuit board COMMISSION Nonresidential Lighting Because power input per square foot is calculated in nonresidential(s), and the parts which connect the lamp(s) to a power supply. · An LED trim, commonly referred to as a "module

104

HARVARD SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH A D VA N C I N G T H E P U B L I C 'S H E A LT H T H R O U G H  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia #12;4 An important organizations ­ Energy, utility, and pipeline companies ­ Colleges and universities ­ Trade associations capture ­ Dispatch mode and remaining life ­ Proximity to suitable geologic storage sites and pipelines

Gunawardena, Jeremy

105

theAgronomyGuide C O L L E G E O F A G R I C U LT U R A L S C I E N C E S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Loyttyniemi 1980). In contrast, a large variety of beetles, especially ambrosia beetles (Coleoptera-256. MOlOhiro A. 1991. Attraction of beetles (in particular ambrosia beetles) to freshly felled logs

Guiltinan, Mark

106

California National Guard Sustainability Planning, Hydrogen Fuel...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Army National Guard, Environmental Programs Directorate California National Guard Sustainability Planning, Hydrogen Fuel Goals 27 Oct 08 Lt Col Reuben Sendejas Lt Col Reuben...

107

EARTH-SCIENCES CONTEMPORARY ART  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Age of the Batoka basalts, northern Zimbabwe, and the duration of Karoo Large Igneous Province.98N, 260.68E, A95 = 14.98. In South Africa, Lesotho, and Namibia the vast majority of Karoo basalts difference is real and hence confirms the estimate of $5 Myr for the duration of emplacement of the Karoo

Polteau, Stephane

108

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contents of this book are: Introduction; Kenya; Korea (Republic of); Lesotho; Liberia; Malagasy; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mexico, Mozambique, Nepal; Nicaragua; Niger; Nigeria; Pakistan; Panama; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; Sri Lanka; Sudana; Surinam; Swaziland; Tanzania; Thailand; Togo; Uganda; Uruguay; Venezuela; Zaire; Zambia; Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields; Appendix II, Phytomass Files; and References.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

R E S E A R C H R E P O R T 2 0 07 VA N D E R B I LT U N I V E R S I T Y S C H O O L O F E N G I N E E R I N G  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) · social acceptance of nuclear power, nuclear power generation, the nuclear fuel cycle, and proliferation Energy 12. Materials 13. Nuclear Energy Technologies 14. Nuclear Fuel Cycle 15. Social and Policy Studies) ­ Social acceptance of nuclear power, nuclear power generation, the nuclear fuel cycle, and proliferation

110

FINDINGS IN BRIEF 2008 S W E D I S H U N I V E R S I T Y O F A G R I C U LT U R A L S C I E N C E S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of US renewables at 49% by the year 2005, with biogas and wind supplying each 5%, and photovoltaics 11% of the total: actual shares were 0% for biogas, 0.04% for wind and 0.08% for PV, so his forecasts are off

111

C o l l e g e o f A g r i C u lt u r A l S C i e n C e S P E N N S Y L V A N I A 2 0 1 2 2 0 1 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acknowledged. References Bakshi, H.K. 1950. Fungi associated with ambrosia beetles in Great Britain. Trans. Hr

Guiltinan, Mark

112

Filtering Integration Schemes Based on the Laplace and Z Transforms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A filtering integration scheme based on a modification of the inversion integral for the Laplace transform (LT) is developed and implemented in a barotropic limited-area model. The LT scheme is compared to a conventional scheme and shown to ...

Peter Lynch

1991-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Motor dysfunction in apparently normal high-risk children.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Infants born extremely prematurely (ie. &lt29 weeks gestation) or with extremely low birth weight (ie. &lt1000 grams) are at high-risk of major and minor motor (more)

Goyen, Traci-Anne

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

The genome of Nectria haematococca: contribution of supernumerary chromosomes to gene expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LT (2000) Fungi from Chernobyl: mycobiota of the innerdamaged nuclear reactor at Chernobyl [12]. These fungi are

Coleman, J.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Buildings Technology Research and Development ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conger was joined by Dr. Barbara J. Sotirin (USACE), Maureen Sullivan, Director Environmental Management, Lt Colonel Barton Barnhart, and the ...

2010-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

116

THERMOSIPHON WATER HEATERS WITH HEAT EXCHANGERS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 ector connecting pipes header heat exchanger insulationLt total connecting pipe length, m (ft) total number of heat

Mertol, Atila

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Published in Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry, 2010, 10, 232-256 Proteasome inhibitors: recent advances and new perspectives  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to search the entire action space to choose the best one. Forward dynamic programming methods also require, and therefore leave the system. The dynamics of the tasks are then given by: Lt = Lt L0 t L, t+1 = Lt nLe t Our

118

California Energy Commission DRAFT STAFF REPORT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to search the entire action space to choose the best one. Forward dynamic programming methods also require, and therefore leave the system. The dynamics of the tasks are then given by: Lt = Lt L0 t L, t+1 = Lt nLe t Our

119

d/b/a MC Applhmcc Corp.  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ruteruntionnl, Ii,c,, ruteruntionnl, Ii,c,, d/b/a MC Applhmcc Corp. (fi~ezers) BEFORic: THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Wllshlngton, D.C. 20585 ) ) ) ) ) ) Case Number: 2013-SE-1430 COMPROMlSE AGREEMENT The U.S. Depl'lt'lJUent ofEnel'gy C'DOE' 1 ) Office of the General Counse], Office of Enforcement, initiated this acUon·against CNA International, Inc., d/b/a MC Appliance Coip. ("CNN' or "Respondent)!) pursuant to 10 C.F.R. § 429.122 by Notice ofProposed Civil Penalty. DOE alleged tha~reezer basic model - whiclt Respondent Jtnp01ted and distributed in commerce 1n the lhited States as Magic Chef-b1·and model HMCF7W, foiled to meet the applicable stnndard for maximum energy use. Soe 10 C.P.R. § 430.32(a). Respondent, on behalf of itself and mty pm·ent, sttbsidbwy, division or.othcr related entity, m\<1 DOE, by theh· authorized

120

02/27/2006 08:36 AMPrint Story: Japan to reward to S.Korea for support on ITER reactor on Yahoo! News Page 1 of 1http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20060227/sc_afp/japanskoreafranceit...AtjBk7obeO7F5QH10gY08IbQOrgF;_ylu=X3oDMTA3MXN1bHE0BHNlYwN0bWE-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

02/27/2006 08:36 AMPrint Story: Japan to reward to S.Korea for support on ITER reactor on Yahoo on ITER reactor Mon Feb 27, 5:32 AM ET Japan is looking to reward South Korea with construction orders in a multibillion-dollar experimental nuclear project to reward Seoul for backing Tokyo's failed bid. After years

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

GEOL 102: Historical Geology Exam 1 Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cape Town Maseru Johannesburg International boundary Post-Karoo cover Karooand later lavas Karoo sediments Cape Fold Belt Other pre-Karoo rocks Windhoek 27°E 29°E 29°S 30°S 31°S 29°S 30°S 27°E 28°E 29°E 0 100Km Bloemfontein Umtata Lesotho Basalt Karoo sediments International boundary Sampled sites Bushme n

Holtz Jr., Thomas R.

122

Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 90, 2, pp. 312323, April 2000 Earthquake Prediction by Animals: Evolution and Sensory Perception  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cape Town Maseru Johannesburg International boundary Post-Karoo cover Karooand later lavas Karoo sediments Cape Fold Belt Other pre-Karoo rocks Windhoek 27°E 29°E 29°S 30°S 31°S 29°S 30°S 27°E 28°E 29°E 0 100Km Bloemfontein Umtata Lesotho Basalt Karoo sediments International boundary Sampled sites Bushme n

Bruck, Jehoshua (Shuki)

123

A d vA n c e m e n t o f t h e PRACTICEA d vA n c e m e n t o f t h e PRACTICE D I R E C T F R O M C D C E N V I R O N M E N TA L H E A LT H S E R V I C E S B R A N C H  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

development infrastructure, insufficient training budgets, and a short age of designated staff persons in carrying out daily job duties and to determine the utility of the program in preparation of the REHS/RS pro

124

A d VA N c E m E N t o f t H E PraCtICEA d VA N c E m E N t o f t H E PraCtICE D I r E C t F r o M C D C e n v I r o n m e n tA L h e A Lt h S e r v I c e S B r A n c h  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

worker and manager food safety training and experience, restaurant and food worker busyness. She helps the branch's Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) with the design and implementation of restaurant food safety studies and analysis of eHS-Net Restaurant Food Safety Studies: What

125

VAK 21-26,30-35 DW 21-26,30-35  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unit, unit PHY251. HI-LT02 VAK 21-26,30-35 PHY309. HI-LTE DW 21-26,30-35 PHY251. HI-LT02 EP 21-26,30-33 PHY114. AT-1012 AT 22-23,25-26 PHY309. HI-LT03 DW 21-26,30-35 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 16

Crowther, Paul

126

BNL Center for Functional Nanomaterials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for Postdoctoral Researchers. Her research at the CFN focuses on the combination of ultrafast laser excitation with Low Temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (LT-STM)...

127

Highly Charged Ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 8 JD Gillaspy, Y. Aglitskiy, EW Bell, CM Brown, CT Chantler, RD Deslattes, U. Feldman, LT Hudson, JM Laming, ES Meyer, CA Morgan, AI Pikin, JR ...

2005-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

128

1?10 kW Stationary Combined Heat and Power Systems Status and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

These systems are fueled using reformate from natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), and even kerosene in some demonstrations being conducted in Japan. LT-PEM fuel cell...

129

Fisher info and thermodynamics' first law  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1991); B. H. Lavenda, Thermodynamics of Extremes (Al- bion,Fisher information and thermodynamics 1st. law A. Plastinotransform (LT) of thermodynamics can be microscopically

Plastino, A; Plastino, A R; Soffer, Bernard H

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

How to Select Lighting Controls for Offices and Public Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

towards greater energy efficiency, while saving taxpayer dollars. How to Select Lighting Controls For Offices and Public Buildings LT-8 PAGE 1 DECEMBER 2000 Definitions...

131

Thermal Energy Storage for Cooling of Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design: lt was found that the systems designed by HVAC designers with little or no experience in field-erected refrigeration

Akbari, H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Multics Security Evaluation (Volume II): Vulnerability Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. ESD-TR-74-J93, Vor. II ' MULTICS SECURITY EVALUATION: VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS Pau r A. Karger, 2Lt ...

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

133

Proceedings from the 22nd National Information Systems ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Security Professional's Role in Trade Secret Protection ... Wong, Pacific Gas and Electric Thomas Burke ... LtCol Fred W. Peters, United States Air Force ...

134

Khesbn no. 9 - January 1957 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trbstyJjt,,,\\ )gn 1153 lJ$? ttl .11$1 lyl t)]D 1tg tl] My''x Jrsnyr $'r lt]N ,y'I)t: ttl Jy}T ,''lllJNl "lyur"'t''ly ''$ blg'lt! ; IISE ylyltltvr*l l)ttl !? tr 7t$ 1tlDtf, P'rl! )

Admin, LAYCC

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Marine Operations Organization Director, Marine Operations CAPT Eric W. Berkowitz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'imimoana ­ OIC LT Chris S. Skapin CME Chris A. Danals McArthur II ­ OIC LT Chris S. Skapin CME Chris A. Danals Hi Bell M. Shimada ­ CDR Scott M. Sirois CME Frederick W. Saladin Ronald H. Brown ­ CAPT Mark H. Pickett

136

National Action Programmes on Desertification | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programmes on Desertification Programmes on Desertification Jump to: navigation, search Name National Action Programmes on Desertification Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Sector Land Focus Area Forestry, Agriculture Topics Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.unccd.int/actionpro Country Algeria, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

137

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

138

ORGANIZATIONAL, INTERFACE AND FINANCIAL BARRIERS TO THE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNITY ENERGY SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Policy Evaluation Criteria. Organizational Barriers to MSW Ener.gy Organizational Barriers to Wind Energy

Schladale, R.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

The Automatic Real-Time GRB Pipeline of the 2-m Liverpool Telescope  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2-m Liverpool Telescope (LT), owned by Liverpool John Moores University, is located in La Palma (Canary Islands) and operates in fully robotic mode. In 2005, the LT began conducting an automatic GRB follow-up program. On receiving an automatic GRB alert from a Gamma-Ray Observatory (Swift, INTEGRAL, HETE-II, IPN) the LT initiates a special override mode that conducts follow-up observations within 2-3 min of the GRB onset. This follow-up procedure begins with an initial sequence of short (10-s) exposures acquired through an r' band filter. These images are reduced, analyzed and interpreted automatically using pipeline software developed by our team called "LT-TRAP" (Liverpool Telescope Transient Rapid Analysis Pipeline); the automatic detection and successful identification of an unknown and potentially fading optical transient triggers a subsequent multi-color imaging sequence. In the case of a candidate brighter than r'=15, either a polarimetric (from 2006) or a spectroscopic observation (from 2007) will be triggered on the LT. If no candidate is identified, the telescope continues to obtain z', r' and i' band imaging with increasingly longer exposure times. Here we present a detailed description of the LT-TRAP and briefly discuss the illustrative case of the afterglow of GRB 050502a, whose automatic identification by the LT just 3 min after the GRB, led to the acquisition of the first early-time (< 1 hr) multi-color light curve of a GRB afterglow.

C. Guidorzi; A. Monfardini; A. Gomboc; C. J. Mottram; C. G. Mundell; I. A. Steele; D. Carter; M. F. Bode; R. J. Smith; S. N. Fraser; M. J. Burgdorf; A. M. Newsam

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MAP NAME="INFORMATIONBAR"> MAP NAME="INFORMATIONBAR">&lt;AREA SHAPE="RECT" COORDS="8,1 107,19" HREF="http://www.ornl.gov/hgmis/faq/faqs1.html">&lt;AREA SHAPE="RECT" COORDS="128,1 212,19" HREF="http://compbio.ornl.gov/docs/pubs.shtml">&lt;/MAP> Publications 2003 Quick links: 1990-1999, 2000, 2001, 2002

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

RAYMOND TAKASHI SWENSON Senior Counsel, CH2M Hill Plateau Remediation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

owners and cities negotiating the transfer of closing military bases in California, Utah and New York. Lt. Colonel Swenson served 20 years in the Air Force, including as Chief...

142

TransForum v9n2 - Air Force Fellows and Smarter Diesel Engines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Force Fellows Help Work Toward Smarter Diesel Engines Air force fellows Major Clint Abell (center), Steve McConnell, Lt. Col. Jeff Gillen, Thomas Wallner and Steve Ciatti (in...

143

Satellite-Inferred Morning-to-Evening Cloudiness Changes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Outgoing infrared radiation (IR) values inferred from radiance measurements in the water vapor window (10.512.5 ?m) taken at approximately 0900 and 2100 LT by scanning radiometers aboard the polar orbiting NOAA satellites are compared in order ...

David A. Short; John M. Wallace

1980-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Improvement of the Temperature and Moisture Retrievals in the Lower Troposphere Using AIRS and GPS Radio Occultation Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accurate temperature and water vapor profiles in the middle and lower troposphere (LT) are crucial for understanding the water cycle, cloud systems, and energy balance. Global positioning system (GPS) radio occultation (RO) is the first technique ...

Shu-Peng Ho; Ying-Hwa Kuo; Sergey Sokolovskiy

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...parameter ln natural logarithm (base e ) LNG liquefied natural gas log common logarithm (base 10) LPCVD low pressure chemical vapor deposition LT long transverse (direction) m meter M f temperature at which martensite formation

146

Building blocks for tobacco control: a handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK 60. Bowers S. ImperialFOR TOBACCO CONTROL: A HANDBOOK 90. Author unknown. YouthBlocks for Tobacco Control A Handbook W O R L D H E A LT H O

World Health Organization - Tobacco Free Initiative

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

A NUMERICAL MODEL FOR WATER MIST SUPPRESSION ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... vapor F ig ure 3 . T emepraturecon to urs ( 1 0 0 0 K ) atd if fe rentva lu esofu lt ra fin em is tconcentrat io ns U = 8 4 cm /sec ...

2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

148

credarr.PDF  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- 1 LT SHP Proposal: Average generation forecast - average allocation. 2 Average hydro--median load--5 year step-up. 3 Average hydro--median load--10 year step-up. 4...

149

Macro Economic Instability and Business Exit: Determinants of Failures and Acquisitions of Large UK Firms  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@}?#16;|#3;_it Lu ?h4 uLh4@|#16;L?t @?_ _#16;ttL*#3;|#16;L?t#21; #25;@#15;it EbbH#28;c uL#19; U#3;tt#16;?} L? i #16;|t Lu ?i#22; i?|h@?|tc TL#16;?|t L#3;|G R#21;#21;#21; |#4;iti t|#3;_#16;it #21;#21;#21; UL?|hL* uLh 4@UhLiUL?L4#16;U UL?_#16;|#16;L?t #16;? #15;@h... bbS#28; @?_ +LMtL? EbbS#28; #4;@#15;i t|#3;_#16;i_ |#4;i #16;4T@U| Lu 4@UhL i?#15;#16;hL?4i?| L? ?h4 ttL*#3;|#16;L?t #16...

Bhattacharjee, Arnab; Higson, Chris; Holly, Sean; Kattuman, Paul

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

150

Lagrangian Transformation and Interior Ellipsoid Methods in Convex ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our main tool is the Lagrangian Transformation (LT) which for inequality con- strained has the ... on the input data. ...... s} with center ?s ? Rq. ++ and ...... + ? R is a closed concave function is always a convex optimization problem no matter if...

151

Importance of Low-Frequency Contributions to Eddy Fluxes Observed over Rough Surfaces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Eddy covariance flux observations at a deciduous temperate forest site (83 days) and at a boreal forest site (21 days) are analyzed for midday periods (11001400 LT). Approximate stationarity of the time series is demonstrated, and the ensemble-...

Ricardo K. Sakai; David R. Fitzjarrald; Kathleen E. Moore

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Calculation of thermodynamic, electronic, and optical properties of monoclinic Mg2NiH4  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Ab initio total-energy density functional theory is used to investigate the low temperature (LT) monoclinic form of Mg2NiH4. The calculated minimum energy geometry of LT Mg2NiH4 is close to that determined from neutron diffraction data, and the NiH4 complex is close to a regular tetrahedron. The enthalpies of the phase change to high temperature (HT) pseudo-cubic Mg2NiH4 and of hydrogen absorption by Mg2Ni are calculated and compared with experimental values. LT Mg2NiH4 is found to be a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 1.4 eV. The optical dielectric function of LT Mg2NiH4 differs somewhat from that of the HT phase. A calculated thin film transmittance spectrum is consistent with an experimental spectrum.

Myers, W.R.; Richardson, T.J.; Rubin, M.D.; Wang, L-W.

2001-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Center for Nanoscale Materials Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- STM, AFM, ultrafast microscopy " Nathan Guisinger, nguisinger@anl.gov" - STM, AFM, graphene" Saw Wai Hla (Group Leader), shla@anl.gov - LT-STM, SP-STM, AFM" Xiao-Min Lin,...

154

FALSE AIARM STUDY OF SMOKE DETECTORS IN ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1. Smoke detectors need testing and cleaning. ... vi, more Jtfinge~lt rc.'tl.lirclti.:: nts for environmental ... 0.007 optical density/m). This test was developed ...

2009-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

155

Bakken Formation Producing Wells W il sto nBa North Dakota ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

USA CANADA SD MT ND Saskatchewan Manitoba Dunn Ward Dawson McLean McKenzie Morton W il ams Stark Richland R os ev lt Mountrail Divide Prairie McHenry Burke Sheridan

156

Historic Badges  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

G Parsons, Lt Col Parsons, William E Patapoff, Morris Paul, Henry L Peddicord, Sara Lee Pellet, Joseph L Peltier, Marcelline A Penney, William G Pepkowitz, Leonard P Perley, Anne...

157

Hanford Firefighters Compete in Combat Challenge | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Firefighters Compete in Combat Challenge Firefighters Compete in Combat Challenge Hanford Firefighters Compete in Combat Challenge October 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Hanford Fire Department Lt. Anthony Lovato, Jr. (left) urges his teammate, Capt. Sean Barajas, to carry the 175-pound life-sized dummy across the finish line at the Scott Firefighter Combat Challenge in Everett, Wash. Hanford Fire Department Lt. Anthony Lovato, Jr. (left) urges his teammate, Capt. Sean Barajas, to carry the 175-pound life-sized dummy across the finish line at the Scott Firefighter Combat Challenge in Everett, Wash. Hanford Fire Department Lt. Anthony Lovato, Jr. performs the 40-pound tower hoisting leg of the Scott Firefighter Combat Challenge in Everett, Wash. Hanford Fire Department Lt. Anthony Lovato, Jr. performs the 40-pound tower

158

Indian Ocean Surface Circulations and Their Connection To Indian Ocean Dipole, Identified  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(NOAA) By LT. Haris Sarwar Rana Pakistan Navy #12;Outline IntroductionIntroduction Indian Ocean and its Nuclears Ambitions to go Nuclear AfghanistanAfghanistan''s Instability ands Instability and disrupting

Chu, Peter C.

159

Calculation of thermodynamic, electronic, and optical ...  

to that determined from neutron diffraction data, ... Pack k-point grids for Mg2Ni, LT Mg2NiH4, and HT ... It is parallelized based on a distribution ...

160

Technical Assistance to Ohio Closure Sites Technologies to Address Excavated VOC Contaminated Soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-~~tnltlln1970) 111 'tdd~t~on.o\\c~,ill lc\\cl\\ of' 0 I ~ I I ~ I I I \\ L Z I ~ ~SI'H ~nle\\- t,itlon\\ , t ~ cneg,lt~tclp

Hazen, Terry

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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161

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adobedÿí Adobedÿí&lt;TPhotoshop 3.08BIM%8BIMê°&lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> com.apple.print.PageFormat.PMHorizontalRes com.apple.print.ticket.creator com.apple.printingmanager com.apple.print.ticket.itemArray com.apple.print.PageFormat.PMHorizontalRes 72 com.apple.print.ticket.client com.apple.printingmanager

162

Khesbn no. 108 - Autumn 1986 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t OlriT . 'tND tJlD i2.1y11 Dty:rti[, Ey.r JrrDyD 13 'ltJDt''12 ! jg ntu JrN ll$n /rti\\,rn itir-'ii u! : Jii:Niii ,l )lt''lr{ lX, rn lD,t? D]'l]'rti lB'lylj'";'rylDr111 6tr1 . '

Admin, LAYCC

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Khesbn no. 104 - Autumn 1984 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

l .rtr Dt$ IrtJt t*n .., E rti$, _ rDKr,E tll lo -I.t:r plDt lll 1, Erst f"D I'lN llI rti t, D!! E'll llD t'lt w1 9ty !lx DlgyDlx r11 .ltD tPr:{ll rti Dt':'D! ir p'ryr-n)PD nlt l

Admin, LAYCC

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Khesbn no. 44 - April 1966 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lsD'tii E? $r -ltN Jl$ ? p:rti prb . 'lrD ,lt''l$iyi iiltruu{n !? u'}i if' .ltltgr rti by: j'ttsllyt -1tg lg 6t35''gu)B: rJlD Ub'nlND jt'}3yr t)N rTi,li{ lyp:'n .t:N} .l"lylJt

Admin, LAYCC

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Khesbn NO. 7 - April 1956 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

s -lgt lt] -lgb ,btr,ti.t .ttl l$D t! $ F? $ llft . . . l!yolrrhg: llD Dyrp'I1 tl tJyl ttl t NlJlt:N ll1 ,lt$:br6 -lNh$) y1yrt1 ry]N o'lNl - 11 ttl 1yfpr6 llylurx ,buyl3ltl lllt

Admin, LAYCC

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Dimensional Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Dimensions of various physical quantities...p M / LT 2 Density ρ M / L 3 Acceleration due to gravity g L / T 2 Dynamic viscosity μ M / LT Kinematic viscosity v L 2 / T Surface tension ? M / T 2 Angle (radians) θ No dimensions Velocity (angular) ? 1/ T Acceleration (angular) α 1/ T 2 Torque or moment T o ML 2 / T 2 Work, energy W ML 2 / T 2...

167

Khesbn no. 26-27 - October 1961 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t! tf! N P'9yDDy ']yl prh rtD J]R J t N l"t JlD llst'5y "'IiluDl j:Sn olNtJDlt 't.I il"rtD ''r J']N l]N DIBIJD'| ''r .l'n{ lyhlP DSn lypy"ltJ'ti|D n)rtD )'t llD lylD','i :- :-n *

Admin, LAYCC

1961-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Khesbn no. 9 - January 1957 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

15 tly;S',1'1 Dy r]'l ll1i ? rtD lt'lt$ ? t! ? 'lN ,ll$l ''N11 ']yl ,D$'11 l! '1]r'l'1 ''rtD lyl ,1pr! rr; 1 Erlf t''ltlt-E'lbtt tJt$t tt'l .1yb:rtD u]ND pR'D pnx "? y:ri2z S rJ

Admin, LAYCC

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Khesbn no. 44 - April 1966 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EttP:y? ::Li:lSD 1tt1'3 "'rtD ,ll! )tsi-lsD ''l"t ?! 2y? D!jtN P''ri) ,D'''ly:"'tt yl''rtD Dt'11{ , lt: ll-:" l] Ly ,Elli'T lrtg oyt! tt llyl"rtD Eyt''N ii2'li2t''! '1N plbf

Admin, LAYCC

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Safety Assurance of Pecans by Irradiation without a Detrimental Effect on Quality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pecan nuts might become contaminated with foodborne pathogens, such as Salmonella and E. coli., through birds and other potential sources of contamination that can lead to serious illness or even death, as well as financial losses. For example, the outbreak of Salmonella in pecan products in Texas caused major product recalls in 2010. Irradiation with electron beams could be an effective method of preventing potential outbreaks without changing the pecans' taste, color and flavor and without causing any risk of recontamination before the product reaches the consumer. However, when irradiation is applied alone, the shelf life of the product is decelerated because of the detrimental effect of lipid oxidation. Therefore, to extend the shelf of the pecans while assuring their safety, irradiation of pecans under modified atmosphere packing (MAP) conditions could be a viable option. This research showed that when treated with electron beams, surrogates of Escherichia coli (a cocktail of BAA-1427, BAA-1428, and BAA-1430), and Salmonella (S. Typhimurium LT2) were more resistant to ionizing radiation (higher D10 values) when packed under vacuum (VP) than under air or other MAP conditions. This research also showed that lipid oxidation in pecans (due to exposure to ionizing radiation) shows a lag phase, probably due to the antioxidants present in pecan nuts. The lag phase represents a delay period before the pecan nuts start to get rancid (increase in PV formation), and it is best described by a modified Gompertz model. Kinetic evaluation of the lipid oxidation reaction suggests that the dose level has a more drastic effect in PV formation than the type of package used during the irradiation treatment, e.g., vacuum packed versus nitrogen-packed. Moreover, accelerated shelf life studies (4 weeks at 48.9oC) showed that vacuum-packed (VP) pecans can be stored at -25 degrees C up to three years, while irradiated (at 3.0 kGy) VP pecans can be stored only for eight months, without the detrimental effects of lipid oxidation. Therefore, irradiation of pecans under air at 3.0 kGy reduces the shelf life of the nuts in terms of rancidity, but vacuum-packaging can be used to extend their shelf-life. Irradiation in oxygen packaging increases rancidity and the oxidation reaction rate accelerates with increasing dose. Irradiation under nitrogen packaging requires lower doses to achieve the almost same number of log reductions in microbial population. The use of nitrogen packaging also inhibits the oxidative reaction leading to rancidity in pecans. Although there are some drawbacks to the application of nitrogen packaging in an irradiation plant (special machinery and packaging films (permeability specifications for N2 gas)), the savings induced by avoiding recalls may make this technology worthy of consideration.

Karagoz, Isin 1983-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Mechanisms of Tissue Response...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

whole body exposure to doses of 0.1 Gy to 5 Gy 60Co-g radiation in liver and mammary gland, which indicate that remodeling is a general and rapid consequence of irradiation but...

172

Organic light-emitting diodes with carbon nanotube cathode ...  

parent indium-tin-oxide !IT O " anode in combination with ... Ofce of Ener gy Efciency and Renewable Ener gy , under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH1 1231. 1C. W .

173

Data integration reveals key adaptive mechanisms in human 3D...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

phenomenon. Our data indicate that IL-8 is secreted in response to 10cGy irradiation, but not significantly at 200cGy, and that somatostatin transcription is...

174

Sustainable Communities: What's Going on Here? [Commentary  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and public transit, ener gy conservation through buildingand public transit, energy conserva tion through building codes, water conservation and

Pease, Mike

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

#2 MWG NIST 09  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Concept Engineering Processes & Practices Technolo gy Requirements Decommissioning Prototype Page 3. Real Space Virtual Space VS 1 VS 2 ...

2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

176

IMPROVED TECHNIQUE OF HYDROGEN CONTENT ANALYSIS BY SLOW NEUTRON SCATTERING  

SciTech Connect

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro dertermining the hydrogen content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.).

Rainwater, L.J.; Havens, W.W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

177

Improved Technique of Hydrogen Content Analysis by Slow Neutron Scattering  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

A slow-neutron-transmission method fro determining the H content of fluorcarbons is described (G.Y.)

Rainwater, L. J.; Havens, W. W. Jr.

1945-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

178

SAFARI 2000 Data Set Released  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Set Released Set Released The ORNL DAAC announces the release of the data set "SAFARI 2000 MISR Level 2 Data, Southern Africa, Dry Season 2000". This data set is a product of the Southern African Regional Science Initiative containing 240 HDF-EOS formatted MISR Level 2 Top-of-Atmosphere/Cloud and Aerosol/Surface Products focused in a southern African study area which includes: Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The MISR Level 2 Products are geophysical measurements derived from the Level 1B2 data which consists of parameters that have been geometrically corrected and projected to a standard map grid. The products are in swaths, each derived from a single MISR orbit, where the imagery is 360 km wide and

179

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

180

Texture and pyramidal slip in Ti, Zr and their alloys  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zirconium, titanium and their alloys have a high anisotropic plastic behavior. One way to show this behavior is to analyze the evolution of the Lankford coefficient (R ([alpha]), values of which are obtained from tensile tests along different directions in the sheet plane). The variation of R([alpha]) can be explained from the crystallographic texture and the active deformation mechanisms. Microstructural observations show that prismatic slip is the most active deformation mode in these materials, but no dimensional change in the [lt][bar c][gt] direction of grains is possible by the activation of the (10[bar 1]0) [lt] 1[bar 2]10[gt] slip alone; so deformation along [0001] has to be accommodated either by (10[bar 1]o) [lt]1[bar 2]13[gt] (or [lt][bar c] + [bar a][gt]) pyramidal slip or by twinning. Many transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies have shown evidence for [lt][bar c] + [bar a][gt] slip activity, and some authors have reported slip on (1[bar 1]01) planes in Ti alloys. The purpose of this paper is to contribute with another analysis of pyramidal slip activity in hcp textured materials, such as Ti and Zr alloys, and of the hardening mechanisms for this deformation mode. This analysis is performed both in a direct way, by means of TEM observations of deformed samples, and in an indirect way, by different mechanical tests.

Pochettino, A.A.; Gannio, N. (Dept. Ciencias de Materiales, Gcia. Desarroilo, CNEA, Avda. Libertador 8250, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina)); Edwards, C.V. (Esc Ing. Mecanica, Pont. Univ. Catolica, Av. Vicuna Mackenna, Santiago de Chile (Chile)); Penelle, R. (Lab. de Metallurgie Structurale, URA CNRS 1107, Bat 413, Univ. Paris XI, 91 405 Orsay (France))

1992-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 7, 23 December 2005 - 3 January 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

af]Ng'ePsf] lyof] . cfd;efdf hg ufos ?ljg uGwe{, h]jL 6'x'/], gGbs[i0f hf]zL, /fds[i0f b'jfn cfbLn] lg/+s'ztGq la?4 uLt ufpbf pk:yLt hgtf gfr]sf lyP . g]skf Pdfn] sf]zL c~rn ;dGjo ;dLtLsf] cfof]hgfdf ;DkGg ;f] lazfn cfd ;efdf Ps nfv eGbf a9L... {ssf] Wofg dxf]T;j lt/ tfgL/ x]sf5g . pgLx? ;+u} dxf]T;jsf] d~rdf /fli6o tyf :yfgLo VoftL k|fKt ufos ufoLsf xfF:o snfsf/x? k|:t't ePsflyP . dxf]T;j cjwLe/ b}lgs ?kdf ;Fem b'O{ 306f ;Dd x'g] dgf]/~hgfTds sfo{qmddf km]zg zf], ;fFuLtLs sfo{qmd, a8L laN8L...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

182

Short-Course Accelerated Radiotherapy in Palliative Treatment of Advanced Pelvic Malignancies: A Phase I Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To define the maximum tolerated dose of a conformal short-course accelerated radiotherapy in patients with symptomatic advanced pelvic cancer. Methods and Materials: A phase I trial in 3 dose-escalation steps was designed: 14 Gy (3.5-Gy fractions), 16 Gy (4-Gy fractions), and 18 Gy (4.5-Gy fractions). The eligibility criteria included locally advanced and/or metastatic pelvic cancer and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of {30% visual analog scale reduction. The overall response rate for pain was 91.67% (95% confidence interval 52.4%-99.9%). Conclusions: Conformal short course radiotherapy in twice-daily fractions for 2 consecutive days was well tolerated up to a total dose of 18 Gy. A phase II study is ongoing to confirm the efficacy on symptom control and quality of life indexes.

Caravatta, Luciana [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Padula, Gilbert D.A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Lacks Cancer Center Saint Mary's Health Care, Grand Rapids, MI (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Lacks Cancer Center Saint Mary's Health Care, Grand Rapids, MI (United States); Macchia, Gabriella, E-mail: gmacchia@rm.unicatt.it [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Ferrandina, Gabriella [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Bonomo, Pierluigi; Deodato, Francesco; Massaccesi, Mariangela [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Mignogna, Samantha; Tambaro, Rosa [Department of Palliative Therapies, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Palliative Therapies, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Rossi, Marco [Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care, and Pain Medicine, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Anaesthesia, Intensive Care, and Pain Medicine, Fondazione di Ricercae Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Flocco, Mariano ['Madre Teresa di Calcutta' Hospice, Larino (Italy)] ['Madre Teresa di Calcutta' Hospice, Larino (Italy); Scapati, Andrea [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'San Francesco' Hospital, Nuoro (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'San Francesco' Hospital, Nuoro (Italy); and others

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Frequently Asked Questions on the Department of Energy's National Environmental Policy Act Regulations  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lh[)E Lh[)E F 1W:i lt r)fi:~)i:lrtrllc!rlt d IF1'l(wqf .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ...:............................::.......... . . !"'111'111 (1!Ili''llll''llll 'c)11''!iall 11'''1111 (i 111,,)1111'''l111lll [l@il%: ww,:f m ANN IOF SIIJIWEC:V "1-cl ; A'll[gl;lst :?!1.j II '9 w ... . .. . .. ,!! 'Cmk (20 f ,N]b, 1+ A ,J" (:) ![ 1[ c, y and, ,!4,:! ~; ~,',? " ., ,,. I . ) >'ii L.ll,u.r . hWl[Ik: : 6-'! 1'{!11 :?!41 :k:l?i,:$d ""~][(:(:llL]f::~)lt~[:}r ihkd '[)tl:l(:$ti![]l[ ]l$ (Ml 'thE: ]~(fl~)~l]~lt~~l(:~lit ([]~f ~][]k:][[?jf $ (lDcws:)

184

BEFORE THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

o o f 1 ) Jandy Pool Products, Inc. 1 Case Number: 20 10-CE- 1 1 1 1 (Pool heaters) ) 1 NOTICE OF PROPOSED CIVIL PENALTY Date issued: September 8,20 10 Number of alleged violations: 40 Maximum possible assessment: $2,398,000 Proposed civil penalty: $259,150 The Office of the General Counsel of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) alleges that Jandy Pool Products, Inc. violated certain provisions of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, 42 U.S.C. fj 6201 et seq., 10 C.F.R. Part 430, or both. Specifically, DOE alleges: 1. Jandy Pool Products, Inc. manufactures or privately labels a variety of pool heaters, including models LRZE 125, LRZE 175, LRZE 250, LRZE 325, LRZE 400, LRZM 125, LRZM 175, LRZM 250, LRZM 325, LRZM 400, LXi 250, LXi 300, LXi 400, LX250, LX400, LT250, LT400, LX250-L, LX400-L, LT250-L,

185

Fire Department Gets New Trucks, Saves Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fire Department Gets New Trucks, Saves Money Fire Department Gets New Trucks, Saves Money Fire Department Gets New Trucks, Saves Money August 27, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Hanford firefighters stand next to the 31-year-old chemical truck. Pictured, left to right, are Hanford Fire Lt. Robert Smith, Firefighter/Paramedic Kyle Harbert, Firefighter Don Blackburn and Capt. Sean Barajas. Hanford firefighters stand next to the 31-year-old chemical truck. Pictured, left to right, are Hanford Fire Lt. Robert Smith, Firefighter/Paramedic Kyle Harbert, Firefighter Don Blackburn and Capt. Sean Barajas. One of two of the Hanford Fire Department’s new chemical trucks. One of two of the Hanford Fire Department's new chemical trucks. Hanford firefighters stand next to the 31-year-old chemical truck. Pictured, left to right, are Hanford Fire Lt. Robert Smith, Firefighter/Paramedic Kyle Harbert, Firefighter Don Blackburn and Capt. Sean Barajas.

186

IMPULSIVE PHASE CORONAL HARD X-RAY SOURCES IN AN X3.9 CLASS SOLAR FLARE  

SciTech Connect

We present the analysis of a pair of unusually energetic coronal hard X-ray (HXR) sources detected by the Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscopic Imager during the impulsive phase of an X3.9 class solar flare on 2003 November 3, which simultaneously shows two intense footpoint (FP) sources. A distinct loop top (LT) coronal source is detected up to {approx}150 keV and a second (upper) coronal source up to {approx}80 keV. These photon energies, which were not fully investigated in earlier analysis of this flare, are much higher than commonly observed in coronal sources and pose grave modeling challenges. The LT source in general appears higher in altitude with increasing energy and exhibits a more limited motion compared to the expansion of the thermal loop. The high-energy LT source shows an impulsive time profile and its nonthermal power-law spectrum exhibits soft-hard-soft evolution during the impulsive phase, similar to the FP sources. The upper coronal source exhibits an opposite spatial gradient and a similar spectral slope compared to the LT source. These properties are consistent with the model of stochastic acceleration of electrons by plasma waves or turbulence. However, the LT and FP spectral index difference (varying from {approx}0 to 1) is much smaller than commonly measured and than that expected from a simple stochastic acceleration model. Additional confinement or trapping mechanisms of high-energy electrons in the corona are required. Comprehensive modeling including both kinetic effects and the macroscopic flare structure may shed light on this behavior. These results highlight the importance of imaging spectroscopic observations of the LT and FP sources up to high energies in understanding electron acceleration in solar flares. Finally, we show that the electrons producing the upper coronal HXR source may very likely be responsible for the type III radio bursts at the decimetric/metric wavelength observed during the impulsive phase of this flare.

Chen Qingrong; Petrosian, Vahe, E-mail: qrchen@gmail.com, E-mail: vahep@stanford.edu [Department of Physics and KIPAC, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thin Film Solar Cells with Light Trapping Transparent Conducting Oxide Layer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin film solar cells, if film thickness is thinner than the optical absorption length, typically give lower cell performance. For the thinner structure, electric current loss due to light penetration can offset the electric current gain obtained from higher built-in electric field. Light trapping schemes can increase the effective optical absorption length and thus enhance the electric current for thinner solar cells. Here a new light trapping scheme based on light trapping transparent conducting oxide layer (LT-TCO) is proposed to enhance the performance of thin film solar cells. Three different configurations of integrating the LT-TCO layer in solar cells are proposed and evaluated. This research aims to develop the LT-TCO layer with surface texture and good conductivity by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique at low temperature. The LT-TCO layer is fabricated by PLD deposition of Al-doped ZnO to achieve multilayer films by tuning of oxygen pressure. The light trapping effect is examined by optical transmittance measurement and the surface texture is characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) technique. The conductivity of LT-TCO layer is measured by resistivity measurement. Thin film CdTe/CdS solar cells are fabricated by PLD technique to develop baseline solar cells for integration of LT-TCO layer. The as-deposited thin film solar cells show relatively low performance and are further processed with various post-deposition treatments to seek efficiency enhancement. The effects of different processes on cell performance are examined by electrical, optical, and microstructure studies. Air annealing of CdS layer and CdCl2 treatment of CdTe layer combined are found to yield the best cell performance. The fabrication issues that limit the cell performance are discussed and future optimizations in fabrication processes are suggested.

Lu, Tianlin

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

The Stefan-Boltzmann law in a small box and the pressure deficit in hot SU(N) lattice gauge theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The blackbody radiation in a box L^3 with periodic boundary conditions in thermal equilibrium at a temperature T is affected by finite-size effects. These bring about modifications of the thermodynamic functions which can be expressed in a closed form in terms of the dimensionless parameter LT. For instance, when LT~4 - corresponding to the value where the most reliable SU(N) gauge lattice simulations have been performed above the deconfining temperature T_c - the deviation of the free energy density from its thermodynamic limit is about 5%. This may account for almost half of the pressure deficit observed in lattice simulations at T~ 4 T_c.

F. Gliozzi

2007-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

189

Elimination of charge-enhancement effects in GaAs FETs with a low-temperature grown GaAs buffer layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of low temperature grown GaAs (LT GaAs) buffer layer in GaAs FETs is shown via computer simulation and experimental measurement to reduce ion-induced charge collection by two to three orders of magnitude. This reduction in collected charge is associated with the efficient reduction of charge-enhancement mechanisms in the FETs. Error rate calculations indicate that the soft error rate of LT GaAs integrated circuits will be reduced by several orders of magnitude when compared to conventional FET-based GaAs ICs.

McMorrow, D.; Weatherford, T.R.; Curtice, W.R.; Knudson, A.R.; Buchner, S.; Melinger, J.S.; Tran, L.H.; Campbell, A.B. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Heavy ion SEU immunity of a GaAs complementary HIGFET circuit fabricated on a low temperature grown buffer layer  

SciTech Connect

The authors compare dynamic SEU characteristics of GaAs complementary HIGFET devices fabricated on conventional semi-insulating substrates versus low temperature grown GaAs (LT GaAs) buffer layers. Heavy ion test results on shift register and flip-flop devices from the same process lot demonstrate that the LT GaAs layer provides immunity from upsets, even at an LET value of 90 MeV {center_dot} cm{sup 2}/mg. This result is also consistent with pulsed laser measurements performed on the same flip-flop circuits used in the ion test.

Marshall, P.W.; Weatherford, T.; Carts, M. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)]|[SFA, Inc., Landover, MD (United States); Dale, C.J.; McMorrow, D. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Peczalski, A.; Baier, S.; Nohava, J.; Skogen, J. [Honeywell Systems and Research Center, Bloomington, MN (United States)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

An investigation of Lorentz transformation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new method of derivation of Lorentz Transformation (LT) is given based on both axioms of special relativity (SR) and physical intuitions. The essence of the transformation is established and the crucial role played by the presumptions is presented for clarification. I consider the most general form of transformations between two sets of events in two inertial reference frames and use the most basic properties expected from such a transformation together with the principle of the constancy of the velocity of light to derive LT. The method is very simple, succinct and useful for students trying a better understanding of the subject.

Farid Shahandeh

2013-04-13T23:59:59.000Z

192

February Highlights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... and allow communication of prices, energy usage, and ... CollaborativeEner gyStatus, along with information on the ... currently on the market, which use ...

2012-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

193

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

gy-efficiency-rebate-program Rebate Local Government Energy Loan Program Through a public-private partnership with PowerSouth, Alabama's Local Government Energy Loan Program offers...

194

Economics of residential gas furnaces and water heaters in US new construction market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

gy.gov/buildings/appliance_standards/residential/water_Efficiency in Domestic Appliances and Lighting (EEDAL 06).http://www1.eere.energy.gov/ buildings/appliance_standards/

Lekov, Alex B.; Franco, Victor H.; Wong-Parodi, Gabrielle; McMahon, James E.; Chan, Peter

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

View / Download  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ready's work on cost-effective, ener- gy-efficient photovoltaic cells made of lightweight carbon nanotubes. Ready's experiment will make use of the NanoRacks...

196

Integrating Suburban Schools: How to Benefit from Growing Diversity and Avoid Segregation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Safety in Urban Middle Schools, (17) 393-400, Journal ofs Strategy to Maintain School Diversity. UCLA: The Civilstrate- gy-to-maintain-school-diversity/ Frankenberg, E. &

Tefera, Adai; Frankenberg, Erica; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Chirichigno, Gina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Ny historia?; A new history?.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This essay aims to examine how three active history teachers in the upper secondary school interprets the new course plan for history in gy11. (more)

Axelsson, Christofer

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Advancing Cellulosic Ethanol for Large Scale Sustainable Transportation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

al uiv q t igh e Cost of oil, $/barrel Cost of Cellulosice gy t ener len quiva E Cost of oil, $/barrel Key Processing

Wyman, C

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

REGIONAL AND COMMUNITY IMPACTS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROGRAM IN THE WESTERN PACIFIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

small grants for alternative energy projects through theirraging small scale alternative energy develop ment. Loco.lalternative ener- gy interest is in ocean thermal energy

Case, Charles W.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

gy-efficient-appliance-manufacturing-tax-credit Rebate Renewable Development Fund (RDF) Xcel Energy's Renewable Development Fund (RDF) was created in 1999 pursuant to the 1994...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Microsoft PowerPoint - Francfort PEVs n EV Project CC Webinar...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Provide benchmark data to DOE, technology modelers, gy research and development programs, vehicle manufacturers (via VSATT), and target and goal setters - Assist fleet managers,...

202

Cogeneration Development and Market Potential in China  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's Power Industry," Cogeneration Technolo- gy, V o l .tion Development," Cogeneration Technol- ogy, V o l . 41, NE Y NATIONAL LABORATORY Cogeneration Development and Market

Yang, F.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Page 1 of 35 Department's 2003 milestones on page  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Supply Crude Oil Natural Gas B sugar Hard coal lignite fossil Conversion Gasification gy ­ Cement industry ­ Fermentation industry (Medicine, food, and bioethanol production

204

THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY A non-technical review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Supply Crude Oil Natural Gas B sugar Hard coal lignite fossil Conversion Gasification gy ­ Cement industry ­ Fermentation industry (Medicine, food, and bioethanol production

205

Microsoft PowerPoint - Final CLWR SEIS PUBLIC SCOPING PRESENTATION...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Light Water Reactor Public Scoping Meeting October 20 2011 October 20, 2011 National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Department of Energy (DOE) 1 p gy ( ) Background *...

206

A Quantum Particle Undergoing Continuous Observation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A stochastic model for the continuous nondemolition ohservation of the position of a quantum particle in a potential field and a boson reservoir is given. lt is shown that any Gaussian wave function evolving according to the posterior wave equation with a quadratic potential collapses to a Gaussian wave packet given by the stationary solution of this equation.

V. P. Belavkin; P. Staszewski

2005-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

207

Dritte Satzung zur nderung der Prfungsordnung fr die Bachelor-und Masterstudiengnge Chemie und Molecular Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dritte Satzung zur ?nderung der Prüfungsordnung für die Bachelor- und Masterstudiengänge Chemie und Masterstudiengänge Chemie und Molecular Science der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg vom 28. November 2006, zuletzt Grundphase" ersetzt. b) Satz 1 erhält folgende Fassung: ,,1 Die Grundphase des Bachelorstudiums Chemie

Fiebig, Peter

208

EP 870-1-5 November 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the Hanford works until September. At the personal request of Lt. Gen. Leslie R. Groves, the head Interviews by Staff of Public Works Historical Society Works in his last year as Chief of Engineers. His tour as Chief was a period of profound change

US Army Corps of Engineers

209

BAND STRUCTURE CALCULATION FOR QUANTUM DOT SOLAR CELLS USING K.P Som N. Dahal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(lT ) Blackbody radiation function Il Spectral radiation intensity, W/m2 .sr.mm Ib,l Blackbody radiation intensity as blackbody radiation at temperature Tsur. In the case of furnace heating, the surrounding tempera- ture a furnace. Then, the radiative heat flux incident on both sides is the blackbody radiation intensity

Honsberg, Christiana

210

Micro-and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Micro- and nanoscale domain engineering in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate Vladimir Ya. Shur investigation of the domain evolution in lithium niobate and lithium tantalate during backswitched electric sources based on quasi-phase matching.11 Lithium niobate LiNbO3 (LN) and lithium tantalate LiTaO3 (LT

Byer, Robert L.

211

COLOR CONSTANCY How Temporal Cues Can Aid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sciences Re- search Council; Contract grant number: S08656; Centro de Fi´sica da Universidade do Minho. Perception 1996;25S:104. 27. Ru¨ttiger L, Braun DI, Gegenfurtner KR, Petersen D, Scho¨nle P, Sharpe LT

Foster, David H.

212

X~l]ew#g> >o%wq (Fc:yt_ e\\ua +K_Z: %'D- L?&s +;OuW *~f_Y ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X~l]ew#g> >o%wq (Fc:yt_ e\\ua +K_Z: %'D- L?&s +;OuW *~f_Y ^^;c LT8_ NN_; _n4> xoqS1*NQ?Err

2005-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

213

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...parameter In natural logarithm (base e ) LNG liquefied natural gas log common logarithm (base 10) LPG liquefied petroleum gas LSI large-scale integrated (circuit) LT long transverse (direction) LTE local thermodynamic equilibrium LTS low-temperature sensitization LVDT linear variable...

214

Creep Deformation of Alloy 718  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

lng (- G )e vs. l/T for constant grain size will yield values of Q/R from which Q can be. Ga- 00 calculated. The plots for ne = 1.35 are shown in Fig. 6. The values of...

215

Learning and Process Improvement during Production Ramp-Up  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ii_t|LT |@? ii? } ihi4T @ttL? ^ @*|) 6? @**)c|t? |ihit|? }|Lttit@hit|** } W? Uhi@t? }k@|| tTL? | @tt Mt|@? |@**iih@}i}@? tuhL4t|@h|? }4Lhi ? |t || tTL? |c| iigiU|i |*3@|L? Lu|

Christian Terwiesch; Roger E. Bohn

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Acknowledgments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...Tim Webber, IPG Photonics, Oxford, MA Frank Brennan, Trumpf, Plymouth, MI Rainer Uhlig, ABB, Fort Collins, CO Jim Cann, Rofin Sinar, Plymouth, MI Urban Widén, Permanova, Mölndal, Sweden Robert Borgstrom, Precitec, New Hudson, MI Scott Green, LT Ultra, New Hudson, MI Mike...

217

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

turbulent mixing layer L(t). Error bars on the measurements are shown. Modifi ed for the Web 1 4 5 2 3 t 1 2.34ms t 2 2.39ms t 3 2.44ms t 4 2.47ms X 12 X 21 L (t) 1 6 120...

218

Original article Epistatic interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,elanogaster were screened for chromosome inversions and 23 paracentric inversions including 4 common cosmopolitan (In(2L)t, In(2R)NS, In(3L)P and In(3R)P), 2 rare cosmopolitan (In(3R)Mo and In(3R)C) and a recurrent

Recanati, Catherine

219

Effects of low-temperature buffer-layer thickness and growth temperature on the SEE sensitivity of GaAs HIGFET circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heavy-ion Single Event Effects (SEE) test results reveal the role of growth temperature and buffer layer thickness in the use of a low-temperature grown GaAs (LT GaAs) buffer layer for suppressing SEE sensitivity in GaAs HIGFET circuits.

Weatherford, T.R.; Fouts, D.J. [Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA (United States); Marshall, P.W. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)]|[SFA, Inc., Largo, MD (United States); Marshall, C.J. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Mathes, B.; LaMacchia, M. [Motorola Government Systems, Scottsdale, AZ (United States)

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Asymptotic analysis of UEP fountain codes over BIAWGN channels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In many communication systems, it is necessary to use unequal error protection (UEP) techniques. The design issues of UEP fountain codes over the binary erasure channel (BEC) have been extensively studied in recent years. In this paper, we investigate ... Keywords: BIAWGN channels, EWF codes, UEP-LT codes, semi-Gaussian approximation

Lei Yuan; Jianping An; Xiangming Li; Jing Yang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Introduction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...temperature LDPE low-density polyethylene LEED low-energy electron diffraction ln natural logarithm (base e ) log common logarithm (base 10) LPCVD low-pressure chemical vapor deposition LSI large-scale integrated (circuit) LT long transverse (direction) m meter m constant shear, or frictional...

222

V = x G %N+, y G Z+, z G {0, 1}N : ? ieNR ixi S RU W y, xSz}, R i >0 ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

T h i s set app e ar s a s a common su b st r u c tu r e of man y n et work des ign ... For a m u lt icommo d ity n et work des ign probl e m with e ithe r fix ed c h arg...

223

Medieninformation Referat Kommunikation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Plan (Nationaler Plan für erneuerbare Energien) würde die Energie- versorgung der USA ein immenses Potenzial: Durch Sonnenstrahlen gelangt binnen 40 Mi- nuten so viel Energie auf unseren Solarkraftwerken zu verfügen. Dieses Gebiet erhält jährlich etwa 5000 Exajoule Sonnen- energie (1 EJ = 1018 Joule

Hoffmann, Rolf

224

Speyer aktuell online Fritz Henn: "Das Gehirn ist die nchste aufregende Herausforderung fr die Wissenschaft" -ehemaliger Direktor des  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy Plan (Nationaler Plan für erneuerbare Energien) würde die Energie- versorgung der USA ein immenses Potenzial: Durch Sonnenstrahlen gelangt binnen 40 Mi- nuten so viel Energie auf unseren Solarkraftwerken zu verfügen. Dieses Gebiet erhält jährlich etwa 5000 Exajoule Sonnen- energie (1 EJ = 1018 Joule

Durstewitz, Daniel

225

74 M A X P L A N C K F O R S C H U N G 2 / 2 0 0 7 NEU ERSCHIENEN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energien für die Zukunft Thomas Bührke, Roland Wengenmayr (Hrsg.), ERNEUERBARE ENERGIE, Alternative erneuerbaren Ener- gien kommen wird. Neben den unmittelbaren Energie- quellen wie Sonne und Wind enthält der Band auch Beiträge zu Energie- trägern, Energieumwandlungs- und Energiespeichertechniken: Gerd Ei

226

Institut for Konstruktion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the possibilities of integrating a biomass gasifier in a combined heat and power plant. The purpose of the study is methods. A research programme dealing with the construction of a low tar gasifier (LT-BIG), which easily formulation and implementation for this suggested low tar gasifier. All the models are created by the use

227

Molecular detection and speciation of pathogenic Leptospira spp. in blood from patients with culture-negative leptospirosis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pathogen Sarmin Sarmin Sarmin L. weilii Pathogen Lyme Lyme 10 L. inadai Intermediate Khorat - H2 L. wolffii Intermediate Hualin Icterohaemorrhagiae LT11-33 L. terpstrae Non-pathogen Semaranga Semaranga Veldrat Semaranga 173 L. meyeri Non-pathogen Patoc...

Boonsilp, Siriphan; Thaipadungpanit, Janjira; Amornchai, Premjit; Wuthiekanun, Vanaporn; Chierakul, Wirongrong; Limmathurotsakul, Direk; Day, Nicholas P; Peacock, Sharon J

2011-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

228

2005 Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, The Johns Hopkins University, March 1618, 2005 Maximizing the Lifetime of Sensor Network Using  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energy is thus wasted). Aiming at a better balance between the aver- age transmission energy and the average wasted energy, we propose a new distributed transmission scheme which utilizes the local is wasted. Hence, the wasted energy is given by Ew = NX k=1 ek(LT + 1). (4) Appendix A shows

Islam, M. Saif

229

Botanischer Garten aktuell Cornus L. -verschiedene Gesichter einer Gattung  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Botanischer Garten aktuell Cornus L. - verschiedene Gesichter einer Gattung Etwa 45 Arten umfasst Rinde enthält einen Bitterstoff, der in der Heilkunde Anwendung findet. Standort im Garten: C. kousa Schneckenburger, Mai 1997 (rev. 2011) Manual of the trees of North America. © Text: Botanischer Garten TU

Reggelin, Michael

230

Atmospheric Environment 38 (2004) 14251436 A development of ozone abatement strategies for the Grenoble  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with reductions in NOx and VOC emissions are presented and analyzed in this study. Finally, a combination per- formed with the validated model. The first involves a reduction in NOx emissions of 50 emission reduction scenarios at 17:00 LT. (A) 50% NOx reduction emission scenario, (B) 50% VOC reduction

231

A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Alternative Ozone Control Strategies: Flexible Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) Abatement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hydrolysis of N2O5, and ultimately leads to the computed reduction in NOx levels. 4. Effects of the different in the source magnitude of LtNOx can lead to a substantial10 reduction in the computed lifetimes of these trace. This increase of O3 at higher altitudes is responsible for the reduction of surface NOx levels simulated at high

232

Measurements of NOX produced by rocket-triggered lightning M. Rahman,1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with reductions in NOx and VOC emissions are presented and analyzed in this study. Finally, a combination per- formed with the validated model. The first involves a reduction in NOx emissions of 50 emission reduction scenarios at 17:00 LT. (A) 50% NOx reduction emission scenario, (B) 50% VOC reduction

Slatton, Clint

233

Isolation and Characterization of Flowering Genes in Ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ryegrass. In L. temulentum LD conditions also induces the LtCO expression peak with light and activates GAs with a concomitant production of GA20 floral bio-active GA5. In Arabidopsis CO activates FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), which in turn activates the transcription of the floral meristem identity genes. FT belongs to a group

234

III. -ECONOMY Pig production : short-term prospects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

price forecasting H. MAROUBY LT.P., Service Economie, 34, bd de la Gare, 3150!0 Toulouse As pig price forecasting, a management based on forecasting in livestock rearing relies on an estimation of the feed price evolution. A feed price forecast is carried out three times a year for a 12-month period and is based

Recanati, Catherine

235

Pig feed prices in the E.E.C. H. MAROUBY, J.VANDERHAEGEN D. DARIDAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pig feed prices in the E.E.C. H. MAROUBY, J.VANDERHAEGEN D. DARIDAN LT.P., 34, boulevard de la Gare, 31500 Toulouse France The behaviour of pig feed prices determines to a great extent the profitability of the branch and in the overall trends of pig feed prices. Since 1975, the penetration rate of pig feed tends

Recanati, Catherine

236

Abbreviations, Symbols, and Tradenames  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...test LEC liquid-encapsulated Czochralski LED light-emitting diode LHC large hadron collider LIMS laser ionization mass spectroscopy LMP Larson-Miller parameter In natural logarithm (base e ) LNG liquefied natural gas log common logarithm (base 10) LPE liquid-phase epitaxy LT long transverse (direction) m meter m...

237

Marine Operations Organization Director, Marine Operations CAPT Eric W. Berkowitz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

William B. Jones Ka'imimoana ­ OIC LT Chris S. Skapin CME Chris A. Danals McArthur II ­ Master Greg C Ronald H. Brown ­ CAPT Mark H. Pickett CME Frank R. Dunlop, Jr. Okeanos Explorer ­ CDR Ricardo Ramos CME

238

Lorentz Transformations of the Electric and Magnetic Fields According to Minkowski  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The usual transformations (UT) of the 3-vectors E and B that are found by Lorentz, Poincar\\'{e} and independently by Einstein in 1905. are generally considered to be the Lorentz transformations (LT) of E and B. According to the UT E in one frame is 'seen' as E' and B' in a relatively moving frame. In Minkowski's last paper, in 1908. in section 11.6, he defined the vectors (with four components) of the electric $\\Phi $ and magnetic $\\Psi $ fields and discovered that, e.g., $\\Phi $ correctly transforms by the LT again to $\\Phi ^{\\prime}$. His correct LT are reinvented in, e.g., [11] ([11] Ivezi\\'{c} T 2005 Found. Phys. Lett. 18 301). In this paper we show the essential similarity and some differences between Minkowski's relations in section 11.6 and the results obtained in [11]. The low-velocity limit of the UT and the LT is briefly examined. A short discussion of the comparison with the Trouton-Noble experiment is presented.

Tomislav Ivezic

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

239

Remarkable Surface Synoptic Maps from the 1930s  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A set of high-resolution maps depicting the temperature, wind, cloud, and precipitation (2.5 previous hours) have been digitized and reproduced for 1500 LT 12 October 1937 for an area in eastern Ohio. These are only one time sample of map ...

John N. Rayner

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

NOAA Air Resources Laboratory Quarterly Activity Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Start. Wis- senschaftsministerin Prof. Dr. Johan- Windenergie europäisch studieren Universität erhält Delft University of Technology koordinierte Masterstudiengang zur Windenergie ergänzt die enge Zusam Windenergiesysteme und Offshore-Windenergietechnik. Das ein- führende Semester absolvieren alle Stu- dierenden an der

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Gene Regulation in M Cell Lineages: In Vitro and In Vivo  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LTbR agonist (Fig 2-1C). The NF-kB gene relB (Relb) has alsoof relB is regulated by NF-kB activation, and the LT?R andreceptors all signal through NF-kB activation, this finding

Wang, Jing

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Results of Sun PhotometerDerived Precipitable Water Content over a Tropical Indian Station  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A compact, hand-held multiband sun photometer (ozone monitor) has been used to measure total precipitable water content (PWC) at the low-latitude tropical station in Pune, India (1832?N, 7351?E). Data collected in the daytime (07301800 LT) ...

P. Ernest Raj; P. C. S. Devara; R. S. Maheskumar; G. Pandithurai; K. K. Dani; S. K. Saha; S. M. Sonbawne; Y. K. Tiwari

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Short-term relationship of total electron content with geomagnetic activity in equatorial regions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Short-term relationship of total electron content with geomagnetic activity in equatorial regions X equatorial ionosphere and geomagnetic activity is examined. Hourly averages of the total electron content for equatorial geomagnetic activity, at three local times (0700­0800, 1200­1300, and 1600­1700 LT) from March

Qiyu, Sun

244

TREATMENT OF CORRELATED ERRORS IN GEOMAGNETIC MODELLING -TOWARDS THE SWARM MISSION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

TREATMENT OF CORRELATED ERRORS IN GEOMAGNETIC MODELLING - TOWARDS THE SWARM MISSION Richard Holme close to midnight LT · Total intensity data only above 50o geomagnetic latitude (reduce effect of field. CONCLUSIONS · Large along-track correlated errors in satellite data · These limit resolution of geomagnetic

245

FROM  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

ttlm it ma13 La.lred t+ii?bLT f utteo Qf 6tVPSLablO mmf OP trolrn by rim. tmfg14F'6 a & t&k. omaP,a Q-f t&a dliereurrioao w&t&t I&* tis4mgl0 fw6ootuMwaolplla of our cmnt...

246

MSU Tropospheric Temperatures: Dataset Construction and Radiosonde Comparisons  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two deep-layer tropospheric temperature products, one for the lower troposphere (T2LT) and one for the midtroposphere (T2, which includes some stratospheric emissions), are based on the observations of channel 2 of the microwave sounding unit on ...

John R. Christy; Roy W. Spencer; William D. Braswell

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Comparing Linear Microinstability of the National Compact Stellarator Expriment and a Shaped Tokamak  

SciTech Connect

One metric for comparing con nement properties of di erent magnetic fusion energy con gurations is the linear critical gradient of drift wave modes. The critical gradient scale length determines the ratio of the core to pedestal temperature when a plasma is limited to marginal stability in the plasma core. The gyrokinetic turbulence code GS2 was used to calculate critical temperature gradients for the linear, collisionless ion tem- perature gradient (ITG) mode in the National Compact Stellarator Experiment (NCSX) and a prototypical shaped tokamak, based on the pro les of a JET H-mode shot and the stronger shaping of ARIES-AT. While a concern was that the narrow cross section of NCSX at some toroidal locations would result in steep gradients that drive instabilities more easily, it is found that other stabilizing e ects of the stellarator con guration o set this so that the normalized critical gradients for NCSX are competitive with or even better than for the tokamak. For the adiabatic ITG mode, NCSX and the tokamak had similar critical gradients, though beyond marginal stability, NCSX had larger growth rates. However, for the kinetic ITG mode, NCSX had a higher critical gradient and lower growth rates until a/LT ?#25; 1:5 a/LT;crit, when it surpassed the tokamak's. A discussion of the results presented with respect to a/LT vs R/LT is included.

J.A. Baumgaertel, G.W. Hammett and D.R. Mikkelsen

2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

248

BCOV 5009 (S-3) The University of Tulsa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to regulatory approval. NOTICE TO BUYER: This plan may not cover all of the costs associated with Long Term Care83500 BCOV 5009 (S-3) The University of Tulsa Group Contract LT-41796-OK Prudential Long Term Care this Long Term Care Coverage, you may return this Certificate, along with a written request to cancel

Reynolds, Albert C.

249

Evolution of the Loop-Top Source of Solar Flares--Heating and Cooling Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a study of the spatial and spectral evolution of the loop-top (LT) sources in a sample of 6 flares near the solar limb observed by {\\it RHESSI}. A distinct coronal source, which we identify as the LT source, was seen in each of these flares from the early ``pre-heating'' phase through the late decay phase. Spectral analyses reveal an evident steep power-law component in the pre-heating and impulsive phases, suggesting that the particle acceleration starts upon the onset of the flares. In the late decay phase the LT source has a thermal spectrum and appears to be confined within a small region near the top of the flare loop, and does not spread throughout the loop, as is observed at lower energies. The total energy of this source decreases usually faster than expected from the radiative cooling but much slower than that due to the classical Spitzer conductive cooling along the flare loop. These results indicate the presence of a distinct LT region, where the thermal conductivity is suppressed significantly and/or there is a continuous energy input. We suggest that plasma wave turbulence could play important roles in both heating the plasma and suppressing the conduction during the decay phase of solar flares. With a simple quasi-steady loop model we show that the energy input in the gradual phase can be comparable to that in the impulsive phase and demonstrate how the observed cooling and confinement of the LT source can be used to constrain the wave-particle interaction.

Yan Wei Jiang; Siming Liu; Wei Liu; Vahe Petrosian

2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

250

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Gene Expression Profile...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

human cDNA clones, we focused on differential gene expression for a low-dose x-ray irradiation at 2cGy and its comparison with high-dose at 4Gy. Four time points were studied at...

251

AFRRI Form 331 (12/2007) Page 1 of 6Patient's service number: Biodosimetry Worksheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of presenting injury (conventional and/or radiation): History of previous radiation exposure: Past medical contamination: Yes No Internal contamination: Yes No Contaminated wound: Yes No If wound(s) are radiation) Estimated time post-exposure (h) Dose (Gy) Reference radiation quality and dose rate (Gy/min) Time onset

252

Gene Expression Analysis of Apoptosis and Oxidative Stress in Mouse Brain  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis of Apoptosis and Oxidative Stress in Mouse Brain Analysis of Apoptosis and Oxidative Stress in Mouse Brain After Low-dose and Acute Radiation Exposure Daila Gridley Loma Linda University & Medical Center Abstract Purpose: 1) To examine the induction of oxidative stress and apoptosis-associated gene expression profiles in brain after whole-body irradiation with low-dose/low-dose-rate (LDR) photons and acute exposure to photons 2) to compare these radiation-induced effects with those produced by LDR and acute exposure to protons. Material and Methods: C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 2 Gy of photons or protons at 0.8 Gy/min and 0.9 Gy/min, respectively, both with and without pre-exposure to 0.01 Gy LDR γ-rays (57Co) at 0.03 cGy/h. Brain tissues were harvested and quick-frozen for analyses by quantitative RTPCR at 56

253

Shorter-Course Whole-Brain Radiotherapy for Brain Metastases in Elderly Patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Many patients with brain metastases receive whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) alone. Using 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy in 2 weeks is the standard regimen in most centers. Regarding the extraordinarily poor survival prognosis of elderly patients with multiple brain metastases, a shorter WBRT regimen would be preferable. This study compared 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy with 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy in elderly patients ({>=}65 years). Methods and Materials: Data from 455 elderly patients who received WBRT alone for brain metastases were retrospectively analyzed. Survival and local (= intracerebral) control of 293 patients receiving 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy were compared with 162 patients receiving 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy. Eight additional potential prognostic factors were investigated including age, gender, Karnofsky performance score (KPS), primary tumor, number of brain metastases, interval from tumor diagnosis to WBRT, extracerebral metastases, and recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class. Results: The 6-month overall survival rates were 29% after 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy and 21% after 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy (p = 0.020). The 6-month local control rates were 12% and 10%, respectively (p = 0.32). On multivariate analysis, improved overall survival was associated with KPS {>=} 70 (p < 0.001), only one to three brain metastases (p = 0.029), no extracerebral metastasis (p = 0.012), and lower RPA class (p < 0.001). Improved local control was associated with KPS {>=} 70 (p < 0.001), breast cancer (p = 0.029), and lower RPA class (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Shorter-course WBRT with 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy was not inferior to 10 Multiplication-Sign 3 Gy with respect to overall survival or local control in elderly patients. 5 Multiplication-Sign 4 Gy appears preferable for the majority of these patients.

Rades, Dirk, E-mail: rades.dirk@gmx.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Lubeck (Germany); Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg (Germany); Evers, Jasmin N. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Schleswig-Holstein, Lubeck (Germany); Veninga, Theo [Department of Radiotherapy, Dr. Bernard Verbeeten Institute, Tilburg (Netherlands); Stalpers, Lukas J.A. [Department of Radiotherapy, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Lohynska, Radka [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital, Prague (Czech Republic); Schild, Steven E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Arizona (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Integration of Functional MRI and White Matter Tractography in Stereotactic Radiosurgery Clinical Practice  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To study the efficacy of the integration of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging tractography data into stereotactic radiosurgery clinical practice. Methods and Materials: fMRI and tractography data sets were acquired and fused with corresponding anatomical MR and computed tomography images of patients with arteriovenous malformation (AVM), astrocytoma, brain metastasis, or hemangioma and referred for stereotactic radiosurgery. The acquired data sets were imported into a CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery system and used to delineate the target, organs at risk, and nearby functional structures and fiber tracts. Treatment plans with and without the incorporation of the functional structures and the fiber tracts into the optimization process were developed and compared. Results: The nearby functional structures and fiber tracts could receive doses of >50% of the maximum dose if they were excluded from the planning process. In the AVM case, the doses received by the Broadmann-17 structure and the optic tract were reduced to 700 cGy from 1,400 cGy and to 1,200 cGy from 2,000 cGy, respectively, upon inclusion into the optimization process. In the metastasis case, the motor cortex received 850 cGy instead of 1,400 cGy; and in the hemangioma case, the pyramidal tracts received 780 cGy instead of 990 cGy. In the astrocytoma case, the dose to the motor cortex bordering the lesion was reduced to 1,900 cGy from 2,100 cGy, and therefore, the biologically equivalent dose in three fractions was delivered instead. Conclusions: Functional structures and fiber tracts could receive high doses if they were not considered during treatment planning. With the aid of fMRI and tractography images, they can be delineated and spared.

Pantelis, Evaggelos, E-mail: vpantelis@phys.uoa.g [CyberKnife Center, Iatropolis-Magnitiki Tomografia, Athens (Greece); Medical Physics Laboratory, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Papadakis, Nikolaos; Verigos, Kosmas; Stathochristopoulou, Irene [CyberKnife Center, Iatropolis-Magnitiki Tomografia, Athens (Greece); Antypas, Christos [CyberKnife Center, Iatropolis-Magnitiki Tomografia, Athens (Greece); First Department of Radiology, Aretaieion Hospital, University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Lekas, Leonidas; Tzouras, Argyrios [CyberKnife Center, Iatropolis-Magnitiki Tomografia, Athens (Greece); Georgiou, Evangelos [Medical Physics Laboratory, Medical School, University of Athens, Athens (Greece); Salvaras, Nikolaos [CyberKnife Center, Iatropolis-Magnitiki Tomografia, Athens (Greece)

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Effect of electron beam irradiation on quality and shelf-life of Tommy Atkins mango (Mangifera indica l.) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbsum l.)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The main goal of this research was to determine the feasibility of using electron beam irradiation as an alternative disinfestation technology while preserving the overall quality of mangoes, and to verify its suitability for the preservation shelf life of blueberries. Physicochemical and sensory characteristics of the fruits were evaluated. Mangoes were irradiated at 1.0, 1.5 and 3.1 kGy using a 10MeV (10 kW) linear accelerator (LINAC) with double beam fixture. Samples were stored at 12?ºC and 62.7% RH for 21 days. Blueberries packed in plastic clamshell containers were irradiated at 1.1, 1.6 and 3.2 kGy doses using the same linear accelerator with a single beam. The shelf life of the berries stored at 5?ºC and 70.4% RH was evaluated for 14 days. The firmness of mangoes irradiated at 1.5 and 3.1 kGy significantly (p > 0.05) decreased during storage. There was a reduction of total sugars (8.1% and 14.1%) in samples irradiated at 1.0 kGy and 1.5 kGy, respectively. All irradiated mangoes had significantly lower (50- 70 %) ascorbic acid content throughout storage. The phenolic compounds increased in samples irradiated at 1.5 kGy (27.4%) and 3.1 kGy) (18.3%). Sensory evaluation of the fruits irradiated with 3.1 kGy showed significantly less acceptability for overall quality, color, texture and aroma. Irradiation of blueberries at 1.1 kGy had no significant (p > 0.05) effect on the fruits' physicochemical characteristics with the exception of ascorbic acid which decreased by 17% after 14 days. A significant decrease in texture (firmness) of irradiated berries was observed during storage time. Total sugars decreased in all irradiated fruits while total phenolics and tannins increased (10 -20%). Sensory attributes of samples irradiated with 1.1 kGy and 1.6 kGy were found acceptable by the panelists. The high dose-treated fruits were considered unacceptable. The results from this research suggest that a 1.5 kGy is the best treatment to maintain the quality attributes of mangoes and increase the shelf life by three days. The electron beam irradiation of packed blueberries at doses of 1.1 and 1.6 kGy ensures and enhances the quality and the shelf life of blueberries up to 14 days.

Moreno Tinjaca, Maria Alexandra

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Dosimetry and preliminary acute toxicity in the first 100 men treated for prostate cancer on a randomized hypofractionation dose escalation trial  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The {alpha}/{beta} ratio for prostate cancer is postulated to be between 1 and 3, giving rise to the hypothesis that there may be a therapeutic advantage to hypofractionation. The dosimetry and acute toxicity are described in the first 100 men enrolled in a randomized trial. Patients and Methods: The trial compares 76 Gy in 38 fractions (Arm I) to 70.2 Gy in 26 fractions (Arm II) using intensity modulated radiotherapy. The planning target volume (PTV) margins in Arms I and II were 5 mm and 3 mm posteriorly and 8 mm and 7 mm in all other dimensions. The PTV D95% was at least the prescription dose. Results: The mean PTV doses for Arms I and II were 81.1 and 73.8 Gy. There were no differences in overall maximum acute gastrointestinal (GI) or genitourinary (GU) toxicity acutely. However, there was a slight but significant increase in Arm II GI toxicity during Weeks 2, 3, and 4. In multivariate analyses, only the combined rectal DVH parameter of V65 Gy/V50 Gy was significant for GI toxicity and the bladder volume for GU toxicity. Conclusion: Hypofractionation at 2.7 Gy per fraction to 70.2 Gy was well tolerated acutely using the planning conditions described.

Pollack, Alan [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)]. E-mail: Alan.Pollack@FCCC.edu; Hanlon, Alexandra L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Horwitz, Eric M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Feigenberg, Steven J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Konski, Andre A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Movsas, Benjamin [Department of Radiation Oncology, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI (United States); Greenberg, Richard E. [Department of Urology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Uzzo, Robert G. [Department of Urology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Ma, C.-M. Charlie [Department of Radiation Physics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); McNeeley, Shawn W. [Department of Radiation Physics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Buyyounouski, Mark K. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Price, Robert A. [Department of Radiation Physics, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States)

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Activation of nuclear factor kB in human lymphoblastoid cells by low-dose ionizing radiation  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear factor kB (NF-kB) is a pleiotropic transcription factor which is involved in the transcriptional regulation of several specific genes. Recent reports demonstrated that ionizing radiation in the dose range of 2-50 Gy results in expression of NF-kB in human KG-1 myeloid leukemia cells and human B-lymphocyte precursor cells; the precise mechanism involved and the significance are not yet known. The present report demonstrates that even lower doses of ionizing radiation, 0.25-2.0 Gy, are capable of inducing expression of NF-kB in EBV-transformed 244B human lymphoblastoid cells. These results are in a dose range where the viability of the cells remains very high. After exposure to {sup 137}Cs {gamma} rays at a dose rate of 1.17 Gy/min, a maximum in expression of NF-kB was seen at 8 h after a 0.5-Gy exposure. Time-course studies revealed a biphasic time-dependent expression after 0.5-, 1- and 2-Gy exposures. However, for each time examined, the expression of NF-kB was maximum after the 0.5-Gy exposure. The expression of the p50 and p65 NF-kB subunits was also shown to be regulated differentially after exposures to 1.0 and 2.0 Gy. 32 refs., 3 figs.

Prasad, A.V.; Mohan, N.; Meltz, M.L.; Chandrasekar, B. [Univ. of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Microsoft Word - Response to AMPUA Questions_092011.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sep 20, 2011, at 12:00 PM, "" wrote: Sep 20, 2011, at 12:00 PM, "&lt;mcurtis401@aol.com>" &lt;mcurtis401@aol.com> wrote: > Yes and the Western team has done a great job, spent tremendous amount of time & consideration & my questions are basically answered. Good job. Good presentation. If we have more questions we will write. > Michael Curtis > > -----Original Message----- > From: Debby Emler > To: mcurtis401 > Sent: Tue, Sep 20, 2011 8:45 am > Subject: Re: AMPUA Question-Wapa Consolidation and Cost Allocation Seminar > > Michael: Thank you for attending yesterday's cost allocation presentation. Thanks also to the others on this list that may have attended either in person or by phone.

259

Instrument Series: Microscopy Ultra-High Vacuum, Low- Temperature Scanning  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low- Low- Temperature Scanning Probe Microscope EMSL's ultra-high vacuum, low-temperature scanning probe microscope instrument, or UHV LT SPM, is the preeminent system dedicated to surface chemistry and physics at low temperatures down to 5 K. Operating at low temperatures provides high mechanical stability, superior vacuum conditions, and negligible drift for long-term experiments. With thermal diffusion being entirely suppressed, stable imaging becomes possible even for weakly bound species. The system is primarily used for probing single-site chemical reactivity, while the combination with a hyperthermal molecular beam allows the study of important chemical processes at energies corresponding to the operational temperatures well beyond typical UHV studies. The LT SPM provides

260

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Northern Illinois Gas Co ........................... IL 241,353,299 5.25 Southern California Gas Co ..................... CA 237,581,205 7.28 Pacific Gas and Elec Co........................... CA 191,919,171 6.12 Consumers Pwr Co .................................. MI 178,690,154 4.80 Columbia Gas Dist Co.............................. OH,KY,PA,MD 178,512,589 7.64 Michigan Consol Gas Co.......................... MI 152,111,213 5.59 East Ohio Gas Co .................................... OH 147,197,186 6.36 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co........................ NJ 138,404,765 7.58 Peoples Gas Lt and Coke Co................... IL 113,561,765 6.96 Lone Star Gas Co..................................... TX 100,079,759 6.13 Atlanta Gas Lt Co ..................................... GA 96,381,162 7.41 Brooklyn Union Gas Co............................

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261

OpenEI Community - Datapalooza  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

class="form-item"> Description: A forum for engagement class="form-item"> &lt;label>Description: &lt;/label> A forum for engagement between Energy Datapalooza attendees and their collaborators To continue the "awesomeness" demonstrated on October 1st, 2012, this forum exists to provide a free and open exchange of ideas, datasets and technologies. Datapalooza EDI Energy data Open Data Mon, 01 Oct 2012 21:43:48 +0000 Ianjkalin 533 at http://en.openei.org/community White House Energy Datapalooza live on Whitehouse.gov http://en.openei.org/community/blog/white-house-energy-datapalooza-live-whitehousegov Today,

262

l!Jm~~Ut~'1CV GrandChalienge",regardiessexl,'Cpt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

,;,,,,,..<:,,) ,;,,,,,..&lt;:,,) l!Jm~~Ut~'1CV GrandChalienge",regardiessexl,'Cpt tiide'rnJtlrsuant toP.,L 96-511,'asamended, and Natiunal i11lcnsifi.catiol1 capabHffies which yield.amatic cn~gf to a wide range chemical producti()n~ iB) High,. of stich inod refining, non.cmctallic.materials ·IKi[tHtle!tm4;ti. l't.~"<.4 u.an'~:1:;f:) .1.'<1 conventi onal hi gh jeat.!,\iltnillnl·l'AiJ1l~illl~t!l Recvvery - .... ,·"", :l~IWtlra.,;:c~ftjcjtl\tl'tsteaJn.PJtlfYd!uctio}jti!hilgh perr~lanceJllmacesand 5ustainability7 reduced ""liter and a carbQn t(lOtprint li)f indt.t,'}try; (D) Sustainable Manufacturing

263

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 Southern California Gas Co ..................... CA 269,739,909 7.31 Pacific Gas and Elec Co........................... CA 224,402,286 6.32 Northern Illinois Gas Co ........................... IL 196,608,329 4.63 Consumers Pwr Co .................................. MI 153,128,350 4.92 Columbia Gas Dist Co.............................. OH,KY,PA,MD 138,064,908 7.21 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co........................ NJ 126,142,540 6.61 Michigan Consol Gas Co.......................... MI 125,456,377 5.35 East Ohio Gas Co .................................... OH 117,574,196 6.21 Peoples Gas Lt and Coke Co................... IL 89,685,006 6.81 Atlanta Gas Lt Co ..................................... GA 89,103,601 6.69 Lone Star Gas Co..................................... TX 84,559,915 5.95 Brooklyn Union Gas Co............................ NY

264

Northern Illinois Gas Co IL  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Northern Northern Illinois Gas Co ............................ IL 254,574,988 4.60 Southern California Gas Co ...................... CA 233,632,354 6.89 Columbia Gas Dist Co............................... OH,KY,PA,MD 196,322,935 6.64 Pacific Gas and Elec Co............................ CA 190,864,262 5.83 Consumers Pwr Co ................................... MI 188,587,672 4.81 Michigan Consol Gas Co........................... MI 160,809,168 5.16 East Ohio Gas Co ..................................... OH 146,802,045 5.44 Pub Svc Elec and Gas Co......................... NJ 140,712,209 6.62 Peoples Gas Lt and Coke Co.................... IL 126,356,925 6.40 Brooklyn Union Gas Co............................. NY 106,349,594 9.43 Atlanta Gas Lt Co ...................................... GA 106,075,815 6.66 Lone Star Gas Co......................................

265

SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory SB Electronics Breaks Ground on New Factory April 29, 2010 - 5:22pm Addthis U.S. Rep. Peter Welch (from left), Vermont Lt. Gov. Brian Dubie, SBE board member Win Hunter, SBE board chair Stan Fishkin, Assi U.S. Rep. Peter Welch (from left), Vermont Lt. Gov. Brian Dubie, SBE board member Win Hunter, SBE board chair Stan Fishkin, Assi Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy A Vermont company broke ground on a new factory that will produce cutting-edge technology for electric and hybrid cars and create more than 100 jobs. The event ushering in SB Electronics' power ring capacitor facility in Barre was attended by Vermont Gov. Jim Douglas and federal, state and local

266

Jefferson Lab Science Series - Einstein for Everyone  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Restoration of the USS Monitor The Restoration of the USS &lt;i>Monitor<;/i> Previous Video (The Restoration of the USS Monitor) Science Series Video Archive Next Video (The Mysterious Universe) The Mysterious Universe Einstein for Everyone Dr. Robert Piccioni October 5, 2010 Young Einstein was a rebel who seemed doomed to fail. How did he overcome rejection to become the most famous scientist in history? We will discuss and explain all his theories in plain English and without math, and we will discover how Einstein's achievements impact our lives through DVDs, GPS, iPods, computers and green energy. Is the space above this area blank? If so, there may be a problem loading the embedded version of the video from YouTube. Either their server is having issues or your school is actively blocking access to YouTube. If

267

CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DETERMINATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED ACTION:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

'u ", lt~Fs::::N 'u ", lt~Fs::::N CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION (CX) DETERMINATION BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PROPOSED ACTION: Southwestern Power Administration proposes to construct a maintenance garage for heavy vehicles and equipment at the Springfield, Missouri facility. PROPOSED BY: Southwestern Power Administration- U.S. Dept. of Energy DATE: December 7,2010 NUMBERS AND TITLES OF THE CATEGORICAL EXCLUSIONS BEING APPLIED: 10 CFR 1021, Appendix B to Subpart D, Part B1.15- Siting, construction or modification of support structures within or contiguous to an already developed area. REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS IN 10 CFR 1021.410(B): (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A & B to Subpart D. For classes of action listed in Appendix A or B, the following conditions are integral elements, i.e., to fit within a class, the

268

2013 APS SLAC Site Office. pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

E!L ;L E!L ;&lt;C9DF@&lt;AGL B>L  !"# ,%!"L ,@.D>AE .343L-.;1E&365E ,>.1E (- #"E )2<9=E +.@4E $"E 51&.3L FBZH; M]r ]{ 6! 4125 QOSWBRG[O ISW< Mv~axg B0 O_D{a]{ Fax  Fi|a_v| bv| Iian` Sxa{]ivr~ Sbbi_a vb Y_iar_a IWSO= U] n Jvn]r @ Yia O]r]ea| YNBE Yia Sbbi_a Y[DMHEZ> Brr ]n R]ivr]o Hr i{vsqar]n Uvni_ B_ RHUB Un]rrirf

269

WASH-  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

rcc.p,anc. 01 thts arf~cle. tha rcc.p,anc. 01 thts arf~cle. tha yubl~rhe, "r ~u~~iunl riknouu~adqnS the U.S. C;ov.rnmmnf' s rayhr (0 retam l nOn*aClulive.roy~ltV (r-0 ltconso In ma IO Dny Copvrlqhl WASH- covrrm~ the wtvdo. ISADIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE SEAWAY INDUSTRIAL PARK W . D. Cottrell, R. W . Leggett and H. W . Dickson Health Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 December 1976 CONTENTS l&t of Tab1 es - . . . List of Illustrations . . Abstract . . . . . . Introduction . . . . ............ ............ ............ ............ Radiological Survey Techniques . . . . . . 1 . . Measurement of External Gamma and Beta-Gamma Radiation Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . Measurement of Radium in the Soil . . . . . . Measurement of Radioactivity in Surface Water

270

P"l.t!, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

l.t!, l.t!, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETElUlINATION RECIPIENT:WI State Energy Office PROJECT TITLE: PY2012 State Energy Program - formula Grant Page 1 of2 STATE: WI Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-OOOO643 DE-F26-07NT43169 GF0-0005465-013 Based on my review orlhe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 45 1.1A), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A11 Technical advice and assistance to organizations A9 Information gathering, analysis, and dissemination Rational for delenninalion: Technical advice and planning assistance to international, naUonal, slate, and local organizations.

271

ESS 2012 Peer Review - PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting - Steve Willard, PNM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mexico (PNM) - Mexico (PNM) - PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage PV Plus Storage for Simultaneous Voltage Smoothing and Peak Shifting DOE Peer Review Steve Willard, P.E. September 26, 2012 Project Goals - Develop an even more Beneficial Renewable Resource - Transferable Nationwide Renewable Resource Transferable Nationwide *Created a dispatchable, renewables-based peaking resource *Combined PV and storage at a substation targeting 15% peak-load reduction D t ti bi ti th t i lt l iti t lt l l *Demonstrating a combination that can simultaneously mitigate voltage-level fluctuations as well as enable load shifting *Developed power system models (baseline and projected), and cost/benefit economic models eco o c ode s *Generating, collecting, analyzing and sharing resultant data *Enabling distributed solutions that reduce GHG emissions through the

272

Search for slowly moving magnetic monopoles with the MACRO detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A search for slowly moving magnetic monopoles in the cosmic radiation was conducted from October 1989 to November 1991 using the large liquid scintillator detector subsystem of the first supermodule of the MACRO detector at the Gran Sasso underground laboratory. The absence of candidates established an upper limit on the monopole flux of 5.6[times]10[sup [minus]15] cm[sup [minus]2] sr[sup [minus]1] s[sup [minus]1] at 90% confidence level in the velocity range of 10[sup [minus]4][approx lt][beta][lt]4[times]10[sup [minus]3]. This result places a new constraint on the abundance of monopoles trapped in our solar system.

Ahlen, S.; Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Auriemma, G.; Baker, R.; Baldini, A.; Bam, B.B.; Barbarino, G.C.; Barish, B.C.; Battistoni, G.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernandini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bisi, V.; Bloise, C.; Bower, C.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, D.; Campana, P.; Carboni, M.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Cormack, R.; Corona, A.; Coutu, S.; De Cataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; De Marzo, C.; De Vincenzi, M.; Di Credico, A.; Diehl, E.; Erriquez, O.; Favuzzi, C.; Ficenec, D.; Forti, C.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Giubellino, P.; Grassi, M.; Green, P.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Guarnaccia, P.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Heinz, R.; Hong, J.T.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kearns, E.; Klein, S.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Lee, C.; Levin, D.; Lipari, P.; Liu, G.; Liu, R.; Longo, M.J.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, G.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Margiotta-Neri, A.; Marin, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Marzari Chiesa, A.; Masera, M; (MACRO Collaboration)

1994-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

273

Search for nuclearites using the MACRO detector  

SciTech Connect

A negative search using 1/12 of the eventual MACRO detector has yielded nuclearite flux limits of 1.1[times]10[sup [minus]14] cm[sup [minus]2] sr[sup [minus]1] s[sup [minus]1] for 10[sup [minus]10][lt][ital m][lt]0.1 g, and 5.5[times]10[sup [minus]15] cm[sup [minus]2] sr[sup [minus]1] s[sup [minus]1] for [ital m][gt]0.1 g. We have modified the formula of De Rujula and Glashow for the light yield of nuclearites to include the uv light absorbed and reemitted in the visible region, and proved that the MACRO sensitivity extends almost to the escape velocity of the Earth. Our flux limit, therefore, can be used to address nuclearites that are possibly trapped in the solar system.

Ahlen, S.; Ambrosio, M.; Antolini, R.; Auriemma, G.; Baker, R.; Baldini, A.; Barbarino, G.C.; Barish, B.C.; Battistoni, G.; Bellotti, R.; Bemporad, C.; Bernardini, P.; Bilokon, H.; Bisi, V.; Bloise, C.; Bussino, S.; Cafagna, F.; Calicchio, M.; Campana, P.; Campana, D.; Carboni, M.; Cecchini, S.; Cei, F.; Chiarella, V.; Chiera, C.; Cobis, A.; Cormack, R.; Corona, A.; Coutu, S.; DeCataldo, G.; Dekhissi, H.; DeMarzo, C.; De Vincenzi, M.; Di Credico, A.; Diehl, E.; Erriquez, O.; Favuzzi, C.; Ficenec, D.; Forti, C.; Foti, L.; Fusco, P.; Giacomelli, G.; Giannini, G.; Giglietto, N.; Giubellino, P.; Grassi, M.; Green, P.; Grillo, A.; Guarino, F.; Gustavino, C.; Habig, A.; Heinz, R.; Hong, J.T.; Iarocci, E.; Katsavounidis, E.; Kearns, E.; Klein, S.; Kyriazopoulou, S.; Lamanna, E.; Lane, C.; Lee, C.; Levin, D.; Lipari, P.; Liu, G.; Liu, R.; Longo, M.J.; Ludlam, G.; Mancarella, G.; Mandrioli, G.; Margiotta-Neri, A.; Marin, A.; Marini, A.; Martello, D.; Martellotti, G.; Marzari Chiesa, A.; Masera,; (MACRO Collaboration)

1992-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

274

Recent Results of Target Single-Spin Asymmetry Experiments at Jefferson Lab  

SciTech Connect

We report recent results from Jefferson Lab Hall A Neutron Transversity experiment (E06-010). Transversely polarized target single-spin asymmetry AUT and beam-target double-spin asymmetry A{sub LT} have been measured in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) reactions on a polarized neutron ({sup 3}He) target. Collins-type and Sivers-type asymmetries have been extracted from A{sub UT} for charged pion SIDIS productions, which are sensitive to quark transversity and Sivers distributions, correspondingly. Double spin asymmetry A{sub LT} is sensitive to a specific quark transverse momentum dependent parton distribution (TMD), the so-called transverse helicity (g{sub 1T} ) distributions. In addition, target single-spin asymmetries A{sub y} in inclusive electron scattering on a transversely polarized {sup 3}He target in quasi-elastic and deep inelastic kinematics were also measured in Hall A.

Jiang, Xiaodong [Los Alamos National Lab

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

ON THE ORIGIN OF THE SOLAR COMPONENT OF COSMIC RADIATION  

SciTech Connect

Ascending prominences in the outer corona often reach velocities above 600 km/sec, 3 times the thermal velocity of coronal protons. lt is not probable that such prominences move through the corona. lt seems much more probable that prominences and the surrounding corona are lifted together by the sarne force. Coronal films give some evidence in this direction. There can be no doubt thai the acceleration force is of a magnetic nature. Under such circumstances, a kind of hollow cavity is formed. Such low-density cavities represent very favorable conditions for the acceleration of cosmic particles. This type of mechanism has the advantage of explaining in a natural way the observed delay between the begirning of a flare and the terrestrial onset of the cosmic-ray burst. (A.C.)

Kiepenheuer, K.O.

1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

In-situ TEM Characterization of Electrochemical Processess in Energy Storage Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The accelerated development of materials for utilization in electrical energy storage systems will hinge critically upon our understanding of how interfaces (particularly electrode-electrolyte solid liquid interfaces) control the physical and electrochemical energy conversion processes in energy storage systems. A prime example is found in Lt ion-based battery systems, where a passive multiphase layer grows at the electrode/electrolyte interface due to the decomposition of the liquid electrolyte [ l]. Once formed, this solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) protects the active electrode materials from degradation and also regulates the transport and intercalation of Lt ions during battery charge/discharge cycling [2]. Due to the dynamically evolving nature of this nm-scaled interface, it has proven difficult to design experiments that will not only elucidate the fundamental mechanisms controlling SEI nucleation and growth, but will enable the SEI microstructural and chemical evolution as a function of charge/discharge cycling to be monitored in real time.

Unocic, Raymond R [ORNL; Adamczyk, Leslie A [ORNL; Dudney, Nancy J [ORNL; Alsem, D. H. [Hummingbird Scientific; Salmon, Norman [Hummingbird Scientific; More, Karren Leslie [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

New experimental limits on K sub L sup 0 r arrow. mu. e and K sub L sup 0 r arrow ee branching ratios  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A search for the decays {ital K}{sub {ital L}}{sup 0}{r arrow}{mu}e and {ital K}{sub {ital L}}{sup 0}{r arrow}ee has produced no examples of either process. When normalized to the decay {ital K}{sub {ital L}}{sup 0}{r arrow}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup {minus}}, the 90%-C.L. upper limits on the branching ratios are {ital B}({ital K}{sub {ital L}}{sup 0}{r arrow}{mu}e){lt}2.2{times}10{sup {minus}10} and {ital B}({ital K}{sub {ital L}}{sup 0}{r arrow}ee){lt}3.2{times}10{sup {minus}10}.

Mathiazhagan, C.; Molzon, W.R. (University of California, Irvine, California 92717 (US)); Cousins, R.D.; Konigsberg, J.; Kubic, J.; Melese, P.; Rubin, P.; Slater, W.E.; Wagner, D. (University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024); Hart, G.W.; Kinnison, W.W.; Lee, D.M.; McKee, R.J.; Milner, E.C.; Sanders, G.H.; Ziock, H.J. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545); Arisaka, K.; Knibbe, P.; Urheim, J. (University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104); Axelrod, S.

1989-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

278

Release of ethanol to the atmosphere during use of consumer cleaning products  

SciTech Connect

Liquid laundry and hand dish washing detergents contain volatile organic compounds, including ethanol, that may be liberated during use and contribute to photochemical air pollution. In this study, the release of ethanol to the atmosphere during simulated household use of liquid detergents was measured. Three replicate experiments, plus a blank, were conducted in a 20-m{sup 3} environmental chamber for each of four conditions: typical dish washing (DT), high-release dish washing (DH), typical laundry (LT), and high-release laundry (LH). Average amounts of ethanol transferred to the atmosphere per use (and the fraction of ethanol used so liberated) were 32 mg (0.038) for DT, 100 mg (0.049) for DH, 18 mg (0.002) for LT, and 110 mg (0.011) for LH. Thus, a large fraction of the ethanol added to wash solutions with liquid detergents is discharged to the sewer rather than transferred to the atmosphere during use.

Wooley, J.; Nazaroff, W.W. (Univ. of California, Berkeley (USA)); Hodgson, A.T. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., Berkeley, CA (USA))

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

BaBar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Detektor der B - Fabrik, BaBar, wird durch eine internationale Detektor der B - Fabrik, BaBar, wird durch eine internationale Kollaboration gebaut. Er dient dazu, Paare von elektrisch neutralen B und anti-B Mesonen zu erzeugen. Das neutrale B enthält ein anti-b Quark und ein d Quark, während das neutrale anti-B ein b Quark und ein anti-d Quark enthält. Die Teilchenstrahlen werden so eingestellt, dass bei ihrer Kollision gerade die richtige Menge an Energie frei wird, um diese zwei Mesonen zu erzeugen. Weil Elektronen und Positronen mit verschiedenen Energien umlaufen, werden die so entstandenen B und anti-B Mesonen mit grosser Geschwindigkeit in derselben Richtung laufen. Dabei bewegen sie sich in gleicher Richtung wie die schneller laufenden Elektronen. Das macht es möglich, ihre Lebensdauer durch die Wegstrecke, die sie bis zu ihrem

280

Lung Density Changes After Stereotactic Radiotherapy: A Quantitative Analysis in 50 Patients  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Radiologic lung density changes are observed in more than 50% of patients after stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for lung cancer. We studied the relationship between SBRT dose and posttreatment computed tomography (CT) density changes, a surrogate for lung injury. Methods and Materials: The SBRT fractionation schemes used to treat Stage I lung cancer with RapidArc were three fractions of 18 Gy, five fractions of 11 Gy, or eight fractions of 7.5 Gy, prescribed at the 80% isodose. Follow-up CT scans performed at less than 6 months (n = 50) and between 6 and 9 months (n = 30) after SBRT were reviewed. Posttreatment scans were coregistered with baseline scans using a B-spline deformable registration algorithm. Voxel-Hounsfield unit histograms were created for doses between 0.5 and 50 Gy. Linear mixed effects models were used to assess the effects of SBRT dose on CT density, and the influence of possible confounders was tested. Results: Increased CT density was associated with higher dose, increasing planning target volume size, and increasing time after SBRT (all p 6 Gy, were most prominent in areas receiving >20 Gy, and seemed to plateau above 40 Gy. In regions receiving >36 Gy, the reduction in air-filled fraction of lung after treatment was up to 18%. No increase in CT density was observed in the contralateral lung receiving {>=}3 Gy. Conclusions: A dose-response relationship exists for quantitative CT density changes after SBRT. A threshold of effect is seen at low doses, and a plateau at highest doses.

Palma, David A., E-mail: david.palma@uwo.ca [Department of Radiation Oncology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Soernsen de Koste, John van; Verbakel, Wilko F.A.R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Vincent, Andrew [Department of Biometrics, Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Senan, Suresh [Department of Radiation Oncology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Low Dose Suppression of Neoplastic Transformation in Vitro  

SciTech Connect

This grant was to study the low dose suppression of neoplastic transformation in vitro and the shape of the dose-response curve at low doses and dose-rates of ionizing radiation. Previous findings had indicated a suppression of transformation at dose <10cGy of low-LET radiation when delivered at high dose-rate. The present study indicates that such suppression extends out to doses in excess of 100cGy when the dose (from I-125 photons) is delivered at dose-rates as low as 0.2 mGy/min and out to in excess of {approx}25cGy the highest dose studied at the very low dose-rate of 0.5 mGy/day. We also examined dose-rate effects for high energy protons (which are a low-LET radiation) and suppression was evident below {approx}10cGy for high dose-rate delivery and at least out to 50cGy for low dose-rate (20cGy/h) delivery. Finally, we also examined the effect of low doses of 1 GeV/n iron ions (a high-LET radiation) delivered at high dose-rate on transformation at low doses and found a suppression below {approx}10cGy that could be attributable to an adaptive response in bystander cells induced by the associated low-LET delta rays. These results have implications for cancer risk assessment at low doses.

John Leslie Redpath

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

THE INSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

INSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY INSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ManhattanEngineerDistrict (1942-1946) Ex ExecutiveOfficeof thePresident EnergyPolicyOffice(1973) Federal * .,.-, Office (1973-1974) AtomicEnergyCommission (1947 -1975) Federal Energy Administration (1974) -1977) Energy Research and DevelopmentAdministration3 (1975 - 1977) INCLUDES 1sPECIALEnergy Office ( t7J) tklr ... Energy Office(lt13) 2 Trea y-EnergyOffice

283

FORMERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM ELIMINATION REPORT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

< &lt; .. ,:. FORMERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM ELIMINATION REPORT FOR JESSOP STEEL COMPANY; 500 GREEN STREET: WASHINGTON, PENNSYLVANIA December 1991 U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Restoration Elimination Report Jessop Steel Company CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ...................... .'. .... 1 BACKGROUND ............................. 1 Site Function Site Description : : : : : : : .................................... : Radiological History and Status ................. 2 ELIMINATION ANALYSIS ........................ 3 REFERENCES .............................. 4 Elimination Report Jessop Steel Company 1 INTRODUCTION The Department of Energy (DOE)., Office of Environmental Restoration, has reviewed the past activities of the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and

284

Khesbn No. 127 - Spring 1996 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7rx 1ub; oy'] I'lt - D'rp')rti[D r't I'tl ''ll5! ll6n ll'' .l? u! yD lup'ititut'lN ot.r . 'rtI t]DS l,tD rSE B ltgl tr ,Errnp ry lrbyr u'D 1tnfr ''rti pr u? '! ul:tit lryri; .r!

Admin, LAYCC

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Khesbn no. 61-62 - Autumn - Winter 1970-1971 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lbllplgb ,ty itN D! ,',1,1 D)rti r11g Dp),lE l? tDN 1! 'I$y-r I)N -lrD ']ND ? lytll r,'rti: nyl)N IrN lJn)i7u,r)-p! :"1I u.tXEIt y.ilr,'lt J:y)131! :rti tl lJxl -f$lJ t'r D''

Admin, LAYCC

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Kemiteknik -Vrme-och strmningsteknik Processteknikens grunder (PTG) 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of 1 bar are contained in a rigid sealed tank whose volume is 3.97 m3 . The steam begins to cool off, 9.10.2012 kurs-assistent M. Fält Saturated steam/water tables: 1. KJ05-Q5-1 At what pressure (in kPa) does water boil if T = 170o C? 2. KJ05-Q5-2 What is the specific volume of saturated water vapor at 600

Zevenhoven, Ron

287

Dept. for Speech, Music and Hearing Quarterly Progress and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a t the universities. psrr ' - 8 ', .rl$. LC7; -r I , " . ,-' '.st$; "fl.1 .Lt&t:l - E 1.I m The Institute of Acoustics, Academia Sinica, Beijing. L j - ~ 2 -2 I I t!?YIT 1 1 .LIT 0 3 , . ' - ' A ::9 t t Modern acoustic research is relatively young in China, but 1 acoustics played a role i n the design of h i s t o r i c a l monuments some

Carlson, Rolf

288

Tests of homogeneity of means and covariance matrices for multivariate incomplete data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tt4T|L? c|i @hLt4i@? t| it|ttL*_TihuLh4i^@*i? |*)54*@h*)c|iUL@h@? Ui4@|h |it|ttL*_ TihuLh4i^@*i? |*)c@ttL*_|iUL4M?h@M*iuhL4|i@hLtti|tLu tMiU|ttL*_Miit|4@|itLu|it@4iTLT*@|L?

Kevin H. Kim; Peter M. Bentler

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Conditioning Institutions and Renegotiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lui^ *Mh@|L| ii |i? || @|| ttL*@|i_@t| iM@ttuLhUL? _|L?? }L| ihLh_tc? | ihhiU hhi? |_tU ttL? Lih? i}L |@|L? i^ *Mh@c|t ? uLh4*)Mit|W|uL**Lt| @|e tTL|@*| hitTiU||L. Ef } c> }

Ramey, Garey; Watson, Joel

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Khesbn no. 47 - June 1967 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

l$i: Dy 1y:li :.1lt-? tn ,:ttl-:tn 'Tlr"-15 nDrrl /l''llD l]'ND yrlNnu ''l ''l'11'1 ttl 1P't' 'It'lTg EyNtE rypry?tylt,'rl .lllllN lttt ltr"lg ttl tJEtNn tyn lyn ,FhN;l:rSr

Admin, LAYCC

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Khesbn no. 111 - Spring 1988 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tnEurh iy'r llD D:D't]rJlDN ttl 11yl't 13 lylryt I'N ):! 't'tl t'TJrN l! lgl'9ts! tNt ttl . ! yl$ ,oly:rr'! u ylurTrN! IrN ty ltJtly rJN;'l N ]ttl ,i2''isD'uD:,'llt llD ty! ]u

Admin, LAYCC

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Effects of ozone cooling in the tropical lower stratosphere and upper troposphere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: ;:~; :~:f It" i~l~ !:ii r;i; :~;! HH lll; H .'. nnj~tT t+~ltt1 t tr,t !th ttiL hit - ~ it jI::: : tt·L ~. , I I t + t · ~ 'Ilill! :::: ,I::I~~ :1;; :1:: ::.:~:: ;::: :1:: I::: II:; ;:i: :::, :::IIfT~'~!:i'ttl :::: ~:!: ~!:: :::: :::; :::;I{:i: :!ti ;:::;;:;! ;i.: :::: : .. : !.!:~ I.: ;ff~ 1;: J! tTl ~+; :~l. I:!t~t ri!!~:!~r!lt!t: I

293

Khesbn no. 108 - Autumn 1986 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

llD tyl ,T$ '}y't tgn tyl ttl '):! 'rN ItN .lrsb EyryP$tytEt! .J"lt':D ! 't l)g ,ttl J:S; D'I:)n nunD rJtI lpr56y1'J'lN) .lBi:i; F))'"r7 N ii)ttl ']i-l! :) iEE! ri: l'-,xi ! -

Admin, LAYCC

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Khesbn no. 64-65 - Fall 1971 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ylNr :y:,li trly11 IlX'ig'f ,ttl IJUt''t Jyl)t; nt)'En 't .O1l1 .P1: "lyl ltlNr 'lt; ttl -g:. 'D Tfrlal l10t .b,"izr)N IJ)hyI J))rr l]b, DtlN -'ttl i2N; ".lly:yru bryn ;:' l g ,

Admin, LAYCC

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

University of Minnesota Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) project report on the first long-term cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of high-temperature (>100{degrees}C) aquifer thermal energy storage (IOTAS) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota`s St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the additions to the FTF for the long-term cycles and the details of the first long-term cycle (LT1) that was conducted from November 1984 through May 1985. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic aspects of LT1 are reported. The permits for long-term cycles required the addition of a monitoring well 30.5 m from the storage well for monitoring near the edge of the thermally affected area and allowed the addition of a cation-exchange water softener to enable continuous operation during the injection phase. Approximately 62% of the 9.47 GWh of energy added to the 9.21 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored in the aquifer LT1 was recovered. Ion-exchange water softening of the heated and stored ground water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Temperatures at the storage horizons in site monitoring wells reached as high as 108{degrees}C during the injection phase of LT1. Following heat recovery, temperatures were <30{degrees}C at the same locations. Less permeable horizons underwent slow temperature changes. No thermal or chemical effects were observed at the remote monitoring site. 25 refs.

Walton, M. [Minnesota Geological Survey, St. Paul, MN (United States)

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

University of Minnesota Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) project report on the first long-term cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of high-temperature (>100{degrees}C) aquifer thermal energy storage (IOTAS) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota's St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the additions to the FTF for the long-term cycles and the details of the first long-term cycle (LT1) that was conducted from November 1984 through May 1985. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic aspects of LT1 are reported. The permits for long-term cycles required the addition of a monitoring well 30.5 m from the storage well for monitoring near the edge of the thermally affected area and allowed the addition of a cation-exchange water softener to enable continuous operation during the injection phase. Approximately 62% of the 9.47 GWh of energy added to the 9.21 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored in the aquifer LT1 was recovered. Ion-exchange water softening of the heated and stored ground water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Temperatures at the storage horizons in site monitoring wells reached as high as 108{degrees}C during the injection phase of LT1. Following heat recovery, temperatures were <30{degrees}C at the same locations. Less permeable horizons underwent slow temperature changes. No thermal or chemical effects were observed at the remote monitoring site. 25 refs.

Walton, M. (Minnesota Geological Survey, St. Paul, MN (United States))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Cross-sector policy research: insights from the UK energy and transport sectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Cross-Sector Policy Research: Insights from the UK energy and transport sectors Stephen Robert Peake Darwin College, Cambridge UNIVERSITY I ltBRARY J CAMBRIDGE A dissertation submitted to the University of Cambridge for the Degree of Doctor... which led to the subsequent development of a more explicit structural analogy between the two sectors. Chapter 4 reflects the exploratory analysis which resulted in the identification of three specific comparative themes which are .J' developed...

Peake, Stephen Robert

1993-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

298

Khesbn no. 52-53 - October - December 1968 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tyl FJS; lt$ii . ? yttU? tp 'rtD llfti ? yty:513t5 ttD 'JtNry-ry)ru N ,''tyt:b N ,.I:rtD . 'l,tlJ .pb llg lJlrTtl T6 IJl ,Dlg'l'r' l:&r y:)yr,D;t:RtD-ryl yi7''rbr? ypl, Eyllyl$ti

Admin, LAYCC

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Khesbn no. 99 - Spring 1982 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

r.t .D yljlln ']y:ls J,rtD i2ti,lll .Drl'1t l! i11lit T'Ntill ..lgltyl . 'l'x Jrt ttj)rtD''tN ! iuhrurrlf E! nl'Tll/JrR )lt )lrlt ilrfg "ly:rtD ,UU'l ..1'N )'1 ,E'.tyD [r'i2

Admin, LAYCC

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Khesbn no. 104 - Autumn 1984 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It bttllnl{E Te Flr ! ,,! rtD l1! 19Drr I! trD lytlt .y5r) 'fx 5) .vr'r$ I'x lyrlnyr 9Sn ")rtD tljM-Iltrt. :ot'rl 'rBP'.tr'r osr tllrtoy lrx lt'ot r:rtD S rlro 'l! nt DE *lnDpt!

Admin, LAYCC

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Khesbn no. 107 - Spring 1987 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tNEi .p)SD '! yi] t't lJ"D rtD D)il$lyr, I'I lyp'l y? rrl$N |lt} 1tt75 IIN lDy']i7 ? rtD ,lJfts't ,iz'bf PtT Yl llNB ! n uDbyi2yt ttrDb JIN .1! f}-;rtD Jlyll llN llur)-[,. 'T)

Admin, LAYCC

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Khesbn no. 85-86 - September 1976 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ltN trD ilts ? Sttyr ? rt{ rtD bDtlll/Sf lyl]y) ttH FJy''Et.t :l :rry:-! .r:iDi> g rtD lgpyp .r:i- r43i! ; ':j'i 'l? SDy: DtJPDy 11$ l-l$tiy: 'rtD brj lyjt\\t I_.rtD . ',ty*D,

Admin, LAYCC

1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Khesbn no. 54 - January-March 1969 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IlNl jlll u"1lylD'']N J:Sn rtD bt;'1 .I1'r:}i-]! 1N -TNnt'N ltN )ruo Ery ltr'tr rtD ,rr)ND rJ)tJ E$iz Elr 1:1 1y".by:x: izl-$rlt Jtx ,i7'"rtD. 'tl 'lrt J)N|J t lrrJ -''yllj ,

Admin, LAYCC

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Khesbn no. 64-65 - Fall 1971 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JtN"lE,lD J'tD . //Er'tt;.i' rtD)tlz !" 7 t r0]l, Dur']ynNt'l'Iy' l''1N llN Etlu ? ul. 'rtD)tx lJytl llNl'l']yl Dyx rJgr1pn1: 0y trlu lt-rtEtsi7 ':rtD .ErrlxllI'tNl yu''by-r llb)

Admin, LAYCC

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WASTE COMPOSITION AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-~~tnltlln1970) 111 'tdd~t~on.o\\c~,ill lc\\cl\\ of' 0 I ~ I I ~ I I I \\ L Z I ~ ~SI'H ~nle\\- t,itlon\\ , t ~ cneg,lt~tclp.LIII~LI\\ (emL 17" 2 d ) itstng ,I d~g~t'llplLtn~n-1etei-(Ntt~iion~c\\, L,lnxi,rle, I'A) led \\~~b

Columbia University

306

A simple geometric algorithm to predict optimal starting gantry angles using equiangular-spaced beams for intensity modulated radiation therapy of prostate cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fast, geometric beam angle optimization (BAO) algorithm for clinical intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) was implemented on ten localized prostate cancer patients on the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0126 protocol. The BAO algorithm computed the beam intersection volume (BIV) within the rectum and bladder using five and seven equiangular-spaced beams as a function of starting gantry angle for comparison to the V 75 Gy and V 70 Gy. A mathematical theory was presented to explain the correlation of BIV with dose and dose-volume metrics. The class solution 'W' pattern in the rectal V 75 Gy and V 70 Gy as a function of starting gantry angle using five equiangular-spaced beams (with two separate minima centered near 20 deg. and 50 deg. ) was reproduced by the 5 BIV within the rectum. A strong correlation was found between the rectal 5 BIV and the rectal V 75 Gy and V 70 Gy as a function of starting gantry angle. The BAO algorithm predicted the location of the two dosimetric minima in rectal V 75 Gy and V 70 Gy (optimal starting gantry angles) to within 5 deg. . It was demonstrated that the BIV geometric variations for seven equiangular-spaced beams were too small to translate into a strong dosimetric effect in the rectal V 75 Gy and V 70 Gy. The relatively flat distribution with starting gantry angle of the bladder V 75 Gy and V 70 Gy was reproduced by the bladder five and seven BIV for each patient. A geometric BAO method based on BIV has the advantage over dosimetric BAO methods of simplicity and rapid computation time. This algorithm can be used as a standalone optimization method or act as a rapid calculation filter to reduce the search space for a dosimetric BAO method. Given the clinically infeasible computation times of many dosimetric beam orientation optimization algorithms, this robust geometric BIV algorithm has the potential to facilitate beam angle selection for prostate IMRT in clinical practice.

Potrebko, Peter S.; McCurdy, Boyd M. C.; Butler, James B.; El-Gubtan, Adel S.; Nugent, Zoann [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada) and Division of Medical Physics, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada); Division of Medical Physics, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3T 2N2 (Canada) and Department of Radiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3A 1R9 (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada) and Department of Radiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3A 1R9 (Canada); Department of Epidemiology, CancerCare Manitoba, 675 McDermot Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 0V9 (Canada)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

UCRL-CR--10  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

-10 -10 4934 DE91 000814 PHOTOCONDUCTIVITY OF ACTIVATED CARBONFIBERS ' Ko Kuriyama Mo S. ,Dresselhaus MIT ...... ' Cambridge, Massachusetts ' MASTEB ,_ ' _Yii:i" ' £31STRIBUTION OFIT_"IIS DoCUMEt"JT IS L I?',_'-:'_ , I)IS('I,AIMI,',R Work pt`rforlnt`(I iiil(|t`r lilt' llll._illl'_-'_Of lilt' I J,,H, I)t, pllrl- mt`ni of i,_nt`r_)' I),_' l,=lwrt`n_'t` I,Ivi.,rmort` Ntllhrn=ll l,ld_or=_- Ior,_'mldc,r _'onlrzlct mlml}t`r W-74(15-1,1N(;.4X, 'l'hi,_ doc'mm..||l t_'=l.,_ prt`p=lrt`d =Is ==_l=lt'v,,,|ml o1' work _ptm._(!rvd I_)' IIn =lp, t`|lC')' 01' lht` (ll|ilt`(l ,_tiHl's (;|_vt`rnn|t`nt. Nvilht, r lht` I Inilt`d ,Sl=dL, s (;o_'t`rl|u|el|l mir Iht` t ll|i_'t`r_lt.,,'of ('lllifl)r,fl_l mrr lilLY o1"II,.,Ir v|lll_l_|)'t`t`_, I|mkt`_ _lll)' ,_'_mrr_lnl); exprt`_ or i|npllt`d, or _l_sl|i|lt`_ _|,ly lel_=lllhd)lilly i_r r¢'sl)(m- _ihilll)'

308

GE PowerPoint Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steels for Steels for Accident Tolera nt Fuel Cla ddings Ferritic Ma rtensitic Alloys a s Accident Tolera nt Fuel (ATF) Cla dding Ma teria l for Light Wa ter Rea ctors Ra ul B. Reba k, GE Globa l Resea rch DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City 27-August-2013 DE NE 568 2 / GE Reba k - DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City, 27-August-2013/ GE Project Tea m 3 / GE Reba k - DOE Integra tion Meeting, Sa lt La ke City, 27-August-2013/ Approa ch of GE Resea rch Proposa l * Demonstra te tha t sta inless iron ba sed bulk a lloys or Adva nced Steels ca n be used a s fuel cla dding ma teria ls in commercia l nuclea r rea ctors * The proposed ma teria l should be a s good a s Zr a lloys (or better tha n Zr a lloys) under norma l opera tion conditions 1. Resista nt to genera l corrosion a nd environmenta l cra

309

Selenide isotope generator for the Galileo Mission: copper/water axially-grooved heat pipe topical report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a summary of the major accomplishments for the development, fabrication, and testing of axially-grooved copper/water heat pipes for Selenide Isotopic Generator (SIG) applications. The early development consisted of chemical, physical, and analytical studies to define an axially-grooved tube geometry that could be successfully fabricated and provide the desired long term (up to seven years) performance is presented. Heat pipe fabrication procedures, measured performance and accelerated life testing of heat pipes S/Ns AL-5 and LT-57 conducted at B and K Engineering are discussed. S/N AL-5 was the first axially-grooved copper/water heat pipe that was fabricated with the new internal coating process for cupric oxide (CuO) and the cleaning and water preparation methods developed by Battelle Columbus Laboratories. Heat pipe S/N LT-57 was fabricated along with sixty other axially-grooved heat pipes allocated for life testing at Teledyne Energy Systems. As of June 25, 1979, heat pipes S/Ns AL-5 and LT-57 have been accelerated life tested for 13,310 and 6,292 respectively, at a nominal operating temperature of 225/sup 0/C without any signs of thermal performance degradation. (TFD)

Strazza, N.P.

1979-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

310

University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the second long-term cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of high-temperature [>100{degrees}C (>212{degrees}F)] aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota`s St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the second long-term cycle (LT2), which was conducted from October 1986 through April 1987. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are reported. Approximately 61% of the 9.21 GWh of energy added to the 9.38 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored during LT2 was recovered. Temperatures of the water stored and recovered averaged 118{degrees}C (244{degrees}F) and 85{degrees}C (185{degrees}F), respectively. Results agreed with previous cycles conducted at the FTF. System operation during LT2 was nearly as planned. Operational experience from previous cycles at the FTF was extremely helpful. Ion-exchange softening of the heated and stored aquifer water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well, and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Sodium bicarbonate replaced magnesium and calcium bicarbonate as primary ions in the softened water. Water recovered form storage was approximately at equilibrium with respect to dissolved ions. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water. Sodium was significantly lower in water recovered than in water stored.

Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Lauer, J.L.; Walton, M.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Howe, J.T.; Splettstoesser, J.F. [Minnesota Geological Survey, St. Paul, MN (United States)

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the second long-term cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical feasibility of high-temperature (>100{degrees}C (>212{degrees}F)) aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) in a deep, confined aquifer was tested in a series of experimental cycles at the University of Minnesota's St. Paul field test facility (FTF). This report describes the second long-term cycle (LT2), which was conducted from October 1986 through April 1987. Heat recovery; operational experience; and thermal, chemical, hydrologic, and geologic effects are reported. Approximately 61% of the 9.21 GWh of energy added to the 9.38 {times} 10{sup 4} m{sup 3} of ground water stored during LT2 was recovered. Temperatures of the water stored and recovered averaged 118{degrees}C (244{degrees}F) and 85{degrees}C (185{degrees}F), respectively. Results agreed with previous cycles conducted at the FTF. System operation during LT2 was nearly as planned. Operational experience from previous cycles at the FTF was extremely helpful. Ion-exchange softening of the heated and stored aquifer water prevented scaling in the system heat exchangers and the storage well, and changed the major-ion chemistry of the stored water. Sodium bicarbonate replaced magnesium and calcium bicarbonate as primary ions in the softened water. Water recovered form storage was approximately at equilibrium with respect to dissolved ions. Silica, calcium, and magnesium were significantly higher in recovered water than in injected water. Sodium was significantly lower in water recovered than in water stored.

Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Lauer, J.L.; Walton, M.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Howe, J.T.; Splettstoesser, J.F. (Minnesota Geological Survey, St. Paul, MN (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Parimutuel Betting on Permutations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

||?g(Y )||2 ? ng(Y ) ?. ? n||?g(Y )||2. Proof. See the appendix. Now, we can obtain an approximate separat- ing oracle for the ellipsoid method. Lemma 5.6.

313

Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein Protects against DNA Damage in Low  

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Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein Protects against DNA Damage in Low Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein Protects against DNA Damage in Low Dose γ-Irradiated Cells Edouard Azzam New Jersey Medical School Cancer Center Abstract We have previously shown that exposure to low dose/low dose rate γ-rays can protect normal human and rodent cells against oxidative/clastogenic damages induced spontaneously or by a subsequent challenge dose of ionizing radiation. To gain insight into the mechanisms underlying these effects, we used amine-specific isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)-based approach to identify induced proteolytic events. Intriguingly, the Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein (TCTP) was significantly up-regulated after 10cGy (0.2cGy/h) but not after 4 Gy (1 Gy/min) in several strains of normal human fibroblasts maintained in 2- or

314

Proceedings of UK e-Science All Hands Meeting 2-4 September 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and outputs detector counts and estimated noise. The image-processing module performs the dualGy. The absorbed doses to the stomach, liver and thyroid in the KTMAN-2 exceed those within the stylized model

Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

315

TABLEOFCONTENTS Sign up for an online subscription at  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and outputs detector counts and estimated noise. The image-processing module performs the dualGy. The absorbed doses to the stomach, liver and thyroid in the KTMAN-2 exceed those within the stylized model

Weston, Ken

316

Comparative Study of the Sugarcane Bagasse Fiber/HDPE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The composite samples obtained by extrusion and injection molding processes were irradiated at 50 and 90 kGy using either a 1.5 MeV electron beam...

317

Microsoft PowerPoint - Powerpoint_WEBBystander.ppt [Compatibility...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the 800 when other cells in the lung tissue were irradiated, indicating some type of Khan et al 1998 Lower half of lungs irradiated with 10 Gy Exposed Cells yp communication...

318

The effects of X irradiation on the metamorphosis and budding of Aurelia aurita  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the aid of the Aurelia metamorphosis test system, the acute and subtle developmental and behavioral effects of X irradiation in the presence and absence of thyroxine on the Norfolk Aurelia aurita were described. Radiation doses were 0 (control), 50, 100, 150, 200, and 400 Gy. Morphology of the ephyrae, and statolith and rhopalia numbers were recorded using the light microscope. Developmental abnormalities of the polyps and ephyrae were recorded with the scanning electron microscope and light microscope. Major findings from this investigation were the absence of rhopalia and statoliths in ephyrae at 150 and 200 Gy, a reduction in pulses per minute in the ephyrae at 100, 150, and 200 Gy, a reduction in ephyrae released at 150, 200, and 400 Gy, and the development of polyp monsters. There was a significantly higher frequency of polyp monsters in the group exposed to thyroxine prior to radiation than in the thyroxine-free group prior to radiation.

Prokopchak, M.J.; Spangenberg, D.B.; Shaeffer, J. (Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk (USA))

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

The Effects of Electricity Tariff Structure on Distributed Generation Adoption in New York State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and in natural gas and electricity delivery rates. http://under the standby tariff. gy Electricity-only (kW) (kW) ($/a) Utility Electricity Bill Uitlity Natural Gas Bill

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Ionizing Radiation Act Via TGFβ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

effect that mediates microenvironment composition. TGF is activated in mouse mammary gland following whole body exposure to doses of as low as 0.1 Gy and persists in the stroma...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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321

G I A. J. Brcslill, Director halt:: Protection Ci&ieerirG Divisio...  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

axd NY. F. Msce of the &scac..zetts Institute of Teci:;iolozy, Occupational Medical Service, Mr. R. Hoxell, Massac::usetIs Insti.t.ule of Tec:fioloGy, Btlilding...

322

E/ii/e/is;o,40(2):170-1 78, 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkina, Inc., Philadelphia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-PET-Glucose-Ener gy . The energy requirements of interictal spike discharges remain incompletely understood and reprint requests to Dr. D. C. Reutens at Department of Neurology, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre

Dumoulin, Serge O.

323

Analysis of low dose radiation induced epigenetic modifications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

levels ofbiological organization when organisms are exposed to low doses (<0.1Gy) of irradiation.Recent work in determining the exact effects of low dose radiation have shown that...

324

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF RADIATION-INDUCED GENE  

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with 0, 50 or 200 cGy gamma-rays and the cells harvested for RNA 48 hours post irradiation. The RNA was hybridized to RAE 230A Affymetrix microarrays and differences in gene...

325

A role for proline and acid-rich (PAR) bZIP transcription factors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

association with acquisition of anchorage-independent growth properties induced by X-irradiation, TPA and bFGF. HLF and DBP mRNA expression is also increased by 3-10 cGy...

326

A Systems Genetics Approach to Analyze the Biological Response...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

measuring changes in serum cytokines and metabolites in a time course after 10 cGy irradiation. Our goal is to use these phenotypes to predict the risk of radiation-induced...

327

Microsoft PowerPoint - BNLSolar Research Overview and NSERC Plans...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plans gy March 8, 2011 , Outline O i f th LISF S l PV P j t t BNL Overview of the LISF Solar PV Project at BNL Challenges for Deployment of Utility Scale Solar PV Challenges for...

328

Uncertainties in alanine dosimetry in the therapeutic dose ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... dose (Gy) Replicate dosimeter # Radiation signal amplitudes Orient 1 Orient 2 Orient 3 Mean orient 13 RSD orient 13 (%) Mean repl 14 RSD ...

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

329

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Cytogenetic tests of Radiobiologi...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

relevant low-dose range (less than 0.1 Gy). Relate chromosome damage to radiation-induced cancer. Research Approach By studying molecular mechanisms relevant to low doses and low...

330

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Impact of Genetic Factors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

following paternal F0 137Cs gamma irradiation with doses of 1.0 Gy in CD1 mice. Pilot studies demonstrate effects in at least the F1 generation following paternal F0...

331

ALPHA-DECAY STUDIES IN THE HEAVY-ELEMENT REGION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mihelich. , Enet:gy Levels of Plutonium-239 Populated by thethe Nuclear Chemistry of Plutonium, Ame ricium, and CuriumThe mass analysis of the plutonium sample was made by Dr. M,

Hummel, John Philip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Bulk Metallic Glasses  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

W.H. Jiang, G.J. Fan, F.X. Liu, G.Y. Wang,. H. Choo, and P.K. Liaw. Mechanical Behaviors. Mechanical Properties and Devitrification Behavior of Cu-Zr-Ti-NM.

333

Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation Alters the Epigenome of the Avy Mouse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Medical Center Abstract Background: Humans have evolved and thrived amidst constant low-dose (0-10 cGy) background radiation exposure from natural sources. Currently, however, the...

334

Mitochondrial Protein Influx in Low-dose Radiation-mediated Radioprote...  

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radioprotection via activation of the prosurvival network of factor NF-kappa B (NF-kB). We have reported that blocking NF-kB activation is able to inhibit 10cGy x-ray-...

335

{sup 222}Rn dosimetry in the dog lung  

SciTech Connect

The alpha dose to cells in bronchial airways in the beagle dog during historical exposures to {sup 222}Rn decay products is calculated using updated information on airway morphometry, call nucleus depth, mucus thickness, physical dosimetry and atmospheric characteristics. The alpha dose per unit exposure to basal call nuclei in the upper airways ranges from 2 to 7 mGy WLM{sup {minus}1} (excluding the trachea) depending upon the exposure protocol used. The dose to alveolar tissue is 3 mGy WLM{sup {minus}1}. In the human lung, the dose factor for the bronchial airways is 9 mGy WLM{sub {minus}1} and for the pulmonary parenchyma 0.5 mGy WLM{sup {minus}1} The human tumors appear primarily in the first few branching airway generations while the only tumors observed in the animals were in the bronchioloalveolar region suggesting a difference in cell sensitivity to alpha radiation.

Harley, N.H.; Meyers, O.A.; Robbins, E.S.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

336

[sup 222]Rn dosimetry in the dog lung  

SciTech Connect

The alpha dose to cells in bronchial airways in the beagle dog during historical exposures to [sup 222]Rn decay products is calculated using updated information on airway morphometry, call nucleus depth, mucus thickness, physical dosimetry and atmospheric characteristics. The alpha dose per unit exposure to basal call nuclei in the upper airways ranges from 2 to 7 mGy WLM[sup [minus]1] (excluding the trachea) depending upon the exposure protocol used. The dose to alveolar tissue is 3 mGy WLM[sup [minus]1]. In the human lung, the dose factor for the bronchial airways is 9 mGy WLM[sub [minus]1] and for the pulmonary parenchyma 0.5 mGy WLM[sup [minus]1] The human tumors appear primarily in the first few branching airway generations while the only tumors observed in the animals were in the bronchioloalveolar region suggesting a difference in cell sensitivity to alpha radiation.

Harley, N.H.; Meyers, O.A.; Robbins, E.S.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

The Effects of Electricity Tariff Structure on Distributed Generation Adoption in New York State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

York State gy Utility Electricity Bill ($/a) no inv. inv.kW) (kW) ($/a) Utility Electricity Bill Uitlity Natural Gasdown into utility electricity bills, utility natural gas

Firestone, Ryan; Marnay, Chris

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

PROJECTS FROM FEDERAL REGION IX DOE APPROPRIATE ENERGY TECHNOLOGY PILOT PROGRAM - PART I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ol8GY PILOT PROGRAM- PART I DOE APPROPRIATE ENERG c. w. , F.the Department of Energy- DOE), responding to the 1977 ERDAto a company or product name does not imply approval or

Case, C.W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

TO  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

t Reactor Materialo Bran&, ieu York DATE: Auguet 28, 1950 PROM 1 Ft. S. Pearson, L&f, Admlnlot.rativi Semioar. Branch, Pittsburgh gy .< SUBJEn: HAlERIAL YlMSFEll CRRYDICAT' B...

340

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: The Characterization of...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

acts as a tag for identification of the gene, by cloning the fusion mRNA and using RT-PCR techniques. We have conducted such a screen using moderate dose radiation (2 to 4 Gy,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2004.01.014  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

mGy d 1 ). Irradiated fish produced fewer eggs per day p 0:03; had a lower percentage of viable eggs p 0:04, and produced a lower percentage of hatchlings p ...

342

Environmental Factors Contributing to Tropical Cyclone Genesis over the Western North Pacific  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The flow environment associated with tropical cyclone genesis (TCG) over the western North Pacific was assessed via categorization into five flow patterns: monsoon shear line (SL), monsoon confluence region (CR), monsoon gyre (GY), easterly wave (...

Ryuji Yoshida; Hirohiko Ishikawa

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

California Energy Commission California Energy Commission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technology Systems Integrationgy gy y g · Industry storage, combined heat and power (CHP), smart gridContractor Status Form · Darfur Contracting Act Form · Small Business Preference Certification (if li bl ) (O N S ll

344

Field Survey of Parabolic Conference Paper  

evacuated tubes at 100C took 6 years and tubes at 400C took ... Evacuated Solar Energy Collectors, Solar Ener gy Materials 5 (1981), pp. 141-147, ...

345

Nutritional Contribution of Phytoplankton to the Pacific White Shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this study was to characterize the nutritional contribution of microalgae to white-legged shrimp and optimize fish meal (FM) and fish oil (FO) inclusion levels in their diets in the presence of microalgae. Phytoplankton composition was first determined in a typical Peruvian intensive commercial shrimp farm and in a semi-closed greenhouse-covered reservoir. A predominance of 76.3% cyanobacteria was observed for most of 9 months in all shrimp ponds. However, with the fertilization program in a reservoir tank, 60.7% diatoms and 22.8% cyanobacteria predominated. Thus, with the imposed fertilization regimen, the microalgae composition was manipulated to be different than that in commercial shrimp ponds. The microalgae composition was then evaluated along with different dietary levels of FM and squid meal (SM) in a feeding trial to evaluate the potential of phytoplankton to reduce FM and SM levels in shrimp feeds. Six diets were formulated to contain either 5, 10 or 20% SM combined with either 6.5 or 12% FM. Dietary effects on growth and survival were compared in a "clear-water system" (CWS) and a "green-water system" (GWS). Results suggest that 6.5% FM and 5% SM can be used as a cost-effective combination in feeds for shrimp. The effects of different dietary levels of FO and soybean lecithin (LT) on shrimp growth in CWS and GWS were evaluated in another feeding trial to determine if dietary phospholipids and phytoplankton increase the availability of essential fatty acids (EFAs) to shrimp. Six diets were formulated to contain 1, 2 or 3% FO combined with either 1 or 4% LT. Shrimp fed diets containing 1% LT and 1% FO in both systems had significantly lower weight gain and higher feed conversion ratio. Cephalothorax lipids and phospholipids were higher in shrimp fed diets containing 4% LT. Inclusion of 4% LT increased the availability of EFAs, and could contribute to reduce the FO in shrimp diets. The contribution of phytoplankton to shrimp weight gain, varied from 38.8 to 60.6%. This study demonstrated that cost-effective diets could be formulated with reduced inclusion levels of FM and FO considering the contribution of microalgae to the nutrition of shrimp.

Sanchez Corrales, Dagoberto Raul

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Individualized 3D Reconstruction of Normal Tissue Dose for Patients With Long-term Follow-up: A Step Toward Understanding Dose Risk for Late Toxicity  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Understanding the relationship between normal tissue dose and delayed radiation toxicity is an important component of developing more effective radiation therapy. Late outcome data are generally available only for patients who have undergone 2-dimensional (2D) treatment plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D normal tissue dosimetry derived from reconstructed 2D treatment plans in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional lung, heart, and breast volumes were reconstructed from 2D planning radiographs for HL patients who received mediastinal radiation therapy. For each organ, a reference 3D organ was modified with patient-specific structural information, using deformable image processing software. Radiation therapy plans were reconstructed by applying treatment parameters obtained from patient records to the reconstructed 3D volumes. For each reconstructed organ mean dose (D{sub mean}) and volumes covered by at least 5 Gy (V{sub 5}) and 20Gy (V{sub 20}) were calculated. This process was performed for 15 patients who had both 2D and 3D planning data available to compare the reconstructed normal tissue doses with those derived from the primary CT planning data and also for 10 historically treated patients with only 2D imaging available. Results: For patients with 3D planning data, the normal tissue doses could be reconstructed accurately using 2D planning data. Median differences in D{sub mean} between reconstructed and actual plans were 0.18 Gy (lungs), -0.15 Gy (heart), and 0.30 Gy (breasts). Median difference in V{sub 5} and V{sub 20} were less than 2% for each organ. Reconstructed 3D dosimetry was substantially higher in historical mantle-field treatments than contemporary involved-field mediastinal treatments: average D{sub mean} values were 15.2 Gy vs 10.6 Gy (lungs), 27.0 Gy vs 14.3 Gy (heart), and 8.0 Gy vs 3.2 Gy (breasts). Conclusions: Three-dimensional reconstruction of absorbed dose to organs at risk can be estimated accurately many years after exposure by using limited 2D data. Compared to contemporary involved-field treatments, normal tissue doses were significantly higher in historical mantle-field treatments. These methods build capacity to quantify the relationship between 3D normal tissue dose and observed late effects.

Ng, Angela [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Brock, Kristy K.; Sharpe, Michael B. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Moseley, Joanne L. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Craig, Tim [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Hodgson, David C., E-mail: David.Hodgson@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

347

Dose Escalation for Metastatic Spinal Cord Compression in Patients With Relatively Radioresistant Tumors  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiotherapy alone is the most common treatment for metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC) from relatively radioresistant tumors such as renal cell carcinoma, colorectal cancer, and malignant melanoma. However, the results of the 'standard' regimen 30 Gy/10 fractions need to be improved with respect to functional outcome. This study investigated whether a dose escalation beyond 30 Gy can improve treatment outcomes. Methods and Materials: A total of 91 patients receiving 30 Gy/10 fractions were retrospectively compared to 115 patients receiving higher doses (37.5 Gy/15 fractions, 40 Gy/20 fractions) for motor function and local control of MSCC. Ten further potential prognostic factors were evaluated: age, gender, tumor type, performance status, number of involved vertebrae, visceral or other bone metastases, interval from tumor diagnosis to radiotherapy, pretreatment ambulatory status, and time developing motor deficits before radiotherapy. Results: Motor function improved in 18% of patients after 30 Gy and in 22% after higher doses (p = 0.81). On multivariate analysis, functional outcome was associated with visceral metastases (p = 0.030), interval from tumor diagnosis to radiotherapy (p = 0.010), and time developing motor deficits (p < 0.001). The 1-year local control rates were 76% after 30 Gy and 80% after higher doses, respectively (p = 0.64). On multivariate analysis, local control was significantly associated with visceral metastases (p = 0.029) and number of involved vertebrae (p = 0.043). Conclusions: Given the limitations of a retrospective study, escalation of the radiation dose beyond 30 Gy/10 fractions did not significantly improve motor function and local control of MSCC in patients with relatively radioresistant tumors.

Rades, Dirk, E-mail: Rades.Dirk@gmx.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lubeck (Germany); Freundt, Katja; Meyners, Thekla [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lubeck (Germany); Bajrovic, Amira [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Hamburg (Germany); Basic, Hiba [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegowina); Karstens, Johann H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical School Hannover (Germany); Adamietz, Irenaeus A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ruhr University Bochum (Germany); Wildfang, Ingeborg [Department of Radiation Oncology, Siloah Hospital Hannover (Germany); Rudat, Volker [Department of Radiation Oncology, Saad Specialist Hospital Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia); Schild, Steven E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic Scottsdale, Scottsdale, AZ (United States); Dunst, Juergen [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Lubeck (Germany)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Sex-dependent Differences in Intestinal Tumorigenesis Induced in Apc1638N/+ Mice by Exposure to {gamma} Rays  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of 1 and 5 Gy radiation doses and to investigate the interplay of gender and radiation with regard to intestinal tumorigenesis in an adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutant mouse model. Methods and Materials: Apc1638N/+ female and male mice were exposed whole body to either 1 Gy or 5 Gy of {gamma} rays and euthanized when most of the treated mice became moribund. Small and large intestines were processed to determine tumor burden, distribution, and grade. Expression of proliferation marker Ki-67 and estrogen receptor (ER)-{alpha} were also assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: We observed that, with both 1 Gy and 5 Gy of {gamma} rays, females displayed reduced susceptibility to radiation-induced intestinal tumorigenesis compared with males. As for radiation effect on small intestinal tumor progression, although no substantial differences were found in the relative frequency and degree of dysplasia of adenomas in irradiated animals compared with controls, invasive carcinomas were found in 1-Gy- and 5-Gy-irradiated animals. Radiation exposure was also shown to induce an increase in protein levels of proliferation marker Ki-67 and sex-hormone receptor ER-{alpha} in both non tumor mucosa and intestinal tumors from irradiated male mice. Conclusions: We observed important sex-dependent differences in susceptibility to radiation-induced intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc1638N/+ mutants. Furthermore, our data provide evidence that exposure to radiation doses as low as 1 Gy can induce a significant increase in intestinal tumor multiplicity as well as enhance tumor progression in vivo.

Trani, Daniela [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Maastricht Radiation Oncology (MaastRO) Lab, GROW-School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, University of Maastricht (Netherlands); Moon, Bo-Hyun [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Kallakury, Bhaskar; Hartmann, Dan P. [Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States)] [Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Datta, Kamal [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States) [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Fornace, Albert J., E-mail: af294@georgetown.edu [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, District of Columbia (United States); Center of Excellence in Genomic Medicine Research (CEGMR), King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Has the Pattern of Practice in the Prescription of Radiotherapy for the Palliation of Thoracic Symptoms Changed Between 1999 and 2006 at the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Eleven randomized controlled trials (RCT) comparing various radiotherapy (RT) schedules for locally advanced lung cancer published since 1991 found no difference in palliation of intrathoracic symptoms. The most commonly prescribed schedule by Canadian Radiation Oncologists (RO) (20 Gy in five fractions [20 Gy/5]), when first evaluated versus 10 Gy/1 in a 2002 RCT, showed a significant survival benefit. A subsequent RCT assessing 20 Gy/5 found worse survival versus 16 Gy/2. This study examines whether the RT prescription for lung cancer palliation in the Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program (RRRP) has changed over time. Methods and Materials: Chart review was conducted for patients treated with palliative thoracic RT across three periods (1999-2006). Patient demographics, tumor, treatment, and organizational factors were analyzed descriptively. Chi-square test was used to detect differences in proportions between unordered categorical variables. Continuous variables were tested using analysis of variance. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of RT schedule prescribed. Results: A total of 117 patients received 121 courses of palliative thoracic RT. The most common dose (20 Gy/5) comprised 65% of courses in 1999, 68% in 2003, and 60% in 2005-2006 (p = 0.76). The next most common dose was 30 Gy/10 (13%). Overall, the median survival was 14.9 months, independent of RT schedule (p = 0.68). Multivariate analysis indicated palliative chemotherapy and certification year of RO were significant predictors of prescription of 20 Gy/5. Conclusion: RT schedule for palliation of intrathoracic symptoms did not mirror the results of sequential, conflicting RCTs, suggesting that factors other than the literature influenced practice patterns in palliative thoracic RT.

Fairchild, Alysa [Rapid Access Palliative Radiotherapy Program, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Goh, Philiz; Sinclair, Emily; Barnes, Elizabeth A. [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ghosh, Sunita [Department of Experimental Oncology, Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); Danjoux, Cyril; Barbera, Lisa; Tsao, May [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Chow, Edward [Rapid Response Radiotherapy Program, Odette Cancer Centre, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)], E-mail: Edward.Chow@sunnybrook.ca

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Hippocampal-Sparing Whole-Brain Radiotherapy: A 'How-To' Technique Using Helical Tomotherapy and Linear Accelerator-Based Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Sparing the hippocampus during cranial irradiation poses important technical challenges with respect to contouring and treatment planning. Herein we report our preliminary experience with whole-brain radiotherapy using hippocampal sparing for patients with brain metastases. Methods and Materials: Five anonymous patients previously treated with whole-brain radiotherapy with hippocampal sparing were reviewed. The hippocampus was contoured, and hippocampal avoidance regions were created using a 5-mm volumetric expansion around the hippocampus. Helical tomotherapy and linear accelerator (LINAC)-based intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment plans were generated for a prescription dose of 30 Gy in 10 fractions. Results: On average, the hippocampal avoidance volume was 3.3 cm{sup 3}, occupying 2.1% of the whole-brain planned target volume. Helical tomotherapy spared the hippocampus, with a median dose of 5.5 Gy and maximum dose of 12.8 Gy. LINAC-based IMRT spared the hippocampus, with a median dose of 7.8 Gy and maximum dose of 15.3 Gy. On a per-fraction basis, mean dose to the hippocampus (normalized to 2-Gy fractions) was reduced by 87% to 0.49 Gy{sub 2} using helical tomotherapy and by 81% to 0.73 Gy{sub 2} using LINAC-based IMRT. Target coverage and homogeneity was acceptable with both IMRT modalities, with differences largely attributed to more rapid dose fall-off with helical tomotherapy. Conclusion: Modern IMRT techniques allow for sparing of the hippocampus with acceptable target coverage and homogeneity. Based on compelling preclinical evidence, a Phase II cooperative group trial has been developed to test the postulated neurocognitive benefit.

Gondi, Vinai [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Tolakanahalli, Ranjini [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Mehta, Minesh P. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Tewatia, Dinesh [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Rowley, Howard [Department of Neuroradiology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Kuo, John S. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Khuntia, Deepak [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Tome, Wolfgang A., E-mail: tome@humonc.wisc.ed [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center, Madison, WI (United States)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Emetic mechanism in acute radiation sickness. Technical report, 1 December 1982-30 November 1986  

SciTech Connect

A dose-response relationship was established in normal cats for the evocation of vomiting within 24 h after whole-body exposure to /sup 60/Co radiation with doses ranging from 7.5 to 60 Gy delivered at 1.0 Gy/min. Vomiting was recorded oscillographically. Radiation-induced vomiting was elicited unabatedly at the optimal dose of 45 Gy in chronically postremectomized cats. Radioemetic susceptibility was evaluated in normal cats after each of two doses of radiation, from 7.5 to 60 Gy, given on successive days. Occurrence of radioemetic protection against the second irradiation was manifested in direct relation to the magnitude of the first exposure, and complete protection for 24 h resulted after second radiation exposure at the highest dose level. Postremectomized cats were also fully protected against the radioemetic effect of a second exposure at 45 Gy. All normal cats vomited in response to an emetic drug injection during the state of radioemetic refractoriness after the second irradiation at 45 Gy. A neural origin of emetic signal generated by first radiation exposure was examined in postrema-intact cats.

Borison, H.L.

1987-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

352

Experience With Carbon Ion Radiotherapy for WHO Grade 2 Diffuse Astrocytomas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess outcomes of carbon ion radiotherapy for diffuse astrocytomas in adults. Methods and Materials: Between October 1994 and February 2002, 14 patients with diffuse astrocytoma, identified as eligible for carbon ion radiotherapy, were enrolled in a phase I/II clinical trial. Carbon ion radiotherapy was administered in 24 fractions over 6 weeks. The normal tissue morbidity was monitored carefully, and the carbon ion dose was escalated from 50.4 Gy equivalent (GyE) to 55.2 GyE. Patients were divided into two groups according to their carbon ion doses: a low-dose group in which 2 patients were irradiated with 46.2 GyE and 7 patients were irradiated with 50.4 GyE, and a high-dose group in which 5 patients were irradiated with 55.2 GyE. Results: Toxicities were within acceptable limits, and none of the patients developed Grade 3 or higher acute or late reactions. The median progression-free survival (PFS) time was 18 months for the low-dose group and 91 months for the high-dose group (p = 0.0030). The median overall survival (OS) time was 28 months for the low-dose group and not reached for the high-dose group (p = 0.0208). Conclusion: High-dose group patients showed significant improvement in PFS and OS rates compared to those in the low-dose group, and both dose groups showed acceptable toxicity.

Hasegawa, Azusa [Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy Hospital, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba (Japan); Mizoe, Jun-Etsu, E-mail: junetsumizoe@gmail.com [Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy Hospital, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba (Japan); Tsujii, Hirohiko; Kamada, Tadashi; Jingu, Keiichi [Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy Hospital, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba (Japan); Iwadate, Yasuo [Department of Neurological Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba (Japan); Nakazato, Youichi [Department of Human Pathology, Gunma University Graduate School of Medicine, Gunma (Japan); Matsutani, Masao [Department of Neurological Surgery, Saitama Medical University, Saitama (Japan); Takakura, Kintomo [Department of Neurological Surgery, Tokyo Women's Medical University, Tokyo (Japan)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Radiotherapy for Early Mediastinal Hodgkin Lymphoma According to the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG): The Roles of Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy and Involved-Node Radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Cure rates of early Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) are high, and avoidance of late complications and second malignancies have become increasingly important. This comparative treatment planning study analyzes to what extent target volume reduction to involved-node (IN) and intensity-modulated (IM) radiotherapy (RT), compared with involved-field (IF) and three-dimensional (3D) RT, can reduce doses to organs at risk (OAR). Methods and Materials: Based on 20 computed tomography (CT) datasets of patients with early unfavorable mediastinal HL, we created treatment plans for 3D-RT and IMRT for both the IF and IN according to the guidelines of the German Hodgkin Study Group (GHSG). As OAR, we defined heart, lung, breasts, and spinal cord. Dose-volume histograms (DVHs) were evaluated for planning target volumes (PTVs) and OAR. Results: Average IF-PTV and IN-PTV were 1705 cm{sup 3} and 1015 cm{sup 3}, respectively. Mean doses to the PTVs were almost identical for all plans. For IF-PTV/IN-PTV, conformity was better with IMRT and homogeneity was better with 3D-RT. Mean doses to the heart (17.94/9.19 Gy for 3D-RT and 13.76/7.42 Gy for IMRT) and spinal cord (23.93/13.78 Gy for 3D-RT and 19.16/11.55 Gy for IMRT) were reduced by IMRT, whereas mean doses to lung (10.62/8.57 Gy for 3D-RT and 12.77/9.64 Gy for IMRT) and breasts (left 4.37/3.42 Gy for 3D-RT and 6.04/4.59 Gy for IMRT, and right 2.30/1.63 Gy for 3D-RT and 5.37/3.53 Gy for IMRT) were increased. Volume exposed to high doses was smaller for IMRT, whereas volume exposed to low doses was smaller for 3D-RT. Pronounced benefits of IMRT were observed for patients with lymph nodes anterior to the heart. IN-RT achieved substantially better values than IF-RT for almost all OAR parameters, i.e., dose reduction of 20% to 50%, regardless of radiation technique. Conclusions: Reduction of target volume to IN most effectively improves OAR sparing, but is still considered investigational. For the time being, IMRT should be considered for large PTVs especially when the anterior mediastinum is involved.

Koeck, Julia, E-mail: Julia_Koeck@gmx.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany); Abo-Madyan, Yasser [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany); Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo (Egypt); Lohr, Frank; Stieler, Florian [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany); Kriz, Jan; Mueller, Rolf-Peter [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Cologne, Cologne (Germany); Wenz, Frederik [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Mannheim, University of Heidelberg, Mannheim (Germany); Eich, Hans Theodor [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Cologne, Cologne (Germany)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Consolidative Involved-Node Proton Therapy for Stage IA-IIIB Mediastinal Hodgkin Lymphoma: Preliminary Dosimetric Outcomes From a Phase II Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare the dose reduction to organs at risk (OARs) with proton therapy (PT) versus three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in patients with mediastinal Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) enrolled on a Phase II study of involved-node radiotherapy (INRT). Methods and Materials: Between June 2009 and October 2010, 10 patients were enrolled on a University of Florida institutional review board-approved protocol for de novo 'classical' Stage IA-IIIB HL with mediastinal (bulky or nonbulky) involvement after chemotherapy. INRT was planned per European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer guidelines. Three separate optimized plans were developed for each patient: 3D-CRT, IMRT, and PT. The primary end point was a 50% reduction in the body V4 with PT compared with 3D-CRT or IMRT. Results: The median relative reduction with PT in the primary end point, body V4, was 51% compared with 3D-CRT (p = 0.0098) and 59% compared with IMRT (p = 0.0020), thus all patients were offered treatment with PT. PT provided the lowest mean dose to the heart, lungs, and breasts for all 10 patients compared with either 3D-CRT or IMRT. The median difference in the OAR mean dose reduction with PT compared with 3D-CRT were 10.4 Gy/CGE for heart; 5.5 Gy/CGE for lung; 0.9 Gy/CGE for breast; 8.3 Gy/CGE for esophagus; and 4.1 Gy/CGE for thyroid. The median differences for mean OAR dose reduction for PT compared with IMRT were 4.3 Gy/CGE for heart, 3.1 Gy/CGE for lung, 1.4 Gy/CGE for breast, 2.8 Gy/CGE for esophagus, and 2.7 Gy/CGE for thyroid. Conclusions: All 10 patients benefitted from dose reductions to OARs with PT compared with either 3D-CRT or IMRT. It is anticipated that these reductions in dose to OAR will translate into lower rates of late complications, but long-term follow-up on this Phase II INRT study is needed.

Hoppe, Bradford S., E-mail: bhoppe@floridaproton.org [University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Flampouri, Stella; Su Zhong; Morris, Christopher G. [University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Latif, Naeem [University of Florida Hematology/Oncology, Jacksonville, FL (United States); Dang, Nam H.; Lynch, James [University of Florida Hematology/Oncology, Gainesville, FL (United States); Li Zuofeng; Mendenhall, Nancy P. [University of Florida Proton Therapy Institute, Jacksonville, FL (United States)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Effect of jaw size in megavoltage CT on image quality and dose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Recently, the jaw size for the TomoTherapy Hi-Art II{sup Registered-Sign} (TomoTherapy Inc., Madison, WI) was reduced from 4 mm (J4) to 1 mm (J1) to improve the longitudinal (IEC-Y) resolution in megavoltage computed tomography (MVCT) images. This study evaluated the effect of jaw size on the image quality and dose, as well as the dose delivered to the lens of the eye, which is a highly radiosensitive tissue. Methods: MVCT image quality (image noise, uniformity, contrast linearity, high-contrast resolution, and full width at half-maximum) and multiple scan average dose (MSAD) were measured at different jaw sizes. A head phantom and photoluminescence glass dosimeters (PLDs) were used to measure the exposed lens dose (cGy). Different MVCT scan modes (pitch = 1, 2, and 3) and scan lengths (108 mm, 156 mm, and 204 mm) were applied in the MSAD and PLDs measurements. Results: The change in jaw size from J4 to J1 produced no change or only a slight improvement in image noise, uniformity, contrast linearity, and high-contrast resolution. However, the full-width at half-maximum reduced from approximately 7.2 at J4 to 4.5 mm at J1, which represents an enhancement in the longitudinal resolution. The MSAD at the center point changed from approximately 0.69-2.32 cGy (peripheral: 0.83-2.49 cGy) at J4 to 0.85-2.81 cGy (peripheral: 1.05-2.86 cGy) at J1. The measured lens dose increased from 0.92-3.36 cGy at J4 to 1.06-3.91 cGy at J1. Conclusions: The change in jaw size improved longitudinal resolution. The MVCT imaging dose of approximately 3.86 cGy, 1.92 cGy, and 1.22 cGy was delivered at a pitch of 1, 2, and 3, respectively, per fraction in the head and neck treatment plans. Therefore, allowance for an approximately 15% increase in lens dose over that with J4 should be provided with J1.

Jung, Jae Hong; Cho, Kwang Hwan; Kim, Yong Ho; Moon, Seong Kwon; Min, Chul Kee; Kim, Woo Chul; Kim, Eun Seog; Chang, Ah Ram; Kim, Tae Ho; Yoon, Jai-Woong; Suh, Tae-Suk; Huh, Hyun Do [Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon 1174, Korea and Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea Seoul 137-701 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon 1174 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan 23-20 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul 657 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Biomedical Engineering and Research Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 505 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiation Oncology, College of Medicine, Inha University of Korea, Incheon 7-206 (Korea, Republic of)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

356

Proposal of human spinal cord reirradiation dose based on collection of data from 40 patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Driven by numerous reports on recovery of occult radiation injury, reirradiation of the spinal cord today is considered a realistic option. In rodents, long-term recovery was observed to start at approximately 8 weeks. However, prospective clinical studies are lacking. Therefore, a combined analysis of all published clinical data might provide a valuable basis for future trials. Methods and materials: We collected data from 40 individual patients published in eight different reports after a comprehensive MEDLINE search. These represent all patients with data available for dose per fraction and total dose of each of both treatment courses. We recalculated the biologically effective dose (BED) according to the linear-quadratic model using an {alpha}/{beta} value of 2 Gy for the cervical and thoracic cord and 4 Gy for the lumbar cord. In this model, a dose of 50 Gy given in single daily fractions of 2 Gy is equivalent to a BED of 100 Gy{sub 2} or 75 Gy{sub 4}. For treatment with two daily fractions, a correction term was introduced to take incomplete repair of sublethal damage into account. Results: The cumulative doses ranged from 108 to 205 Gy{sub 2} (median dose, 135 Gy{sub 2}). The median interval between both series was 20 months. Three patients were treated to the lumbar segments only. The median follow-up was 17 months for patients without myelopathy. Eleven patients developed myelopathy after 4-25 months (median, 11 months). Myelopathy was seen only in patients who had received one course to a dose of {>=}102 Gy{sub 2} (n = 9) or were retreated after 2 months (n = 2). In the absence of these two risk factors, no myelopathy developed in 19 patients treated with {<=}135.5 Gy{sub 2} or 7 patients treated with 136-150 Gy{sub 2}. A risk score based on the cumulative BED, the greatest BED for all treatment series in a particular individual, and interval was developed. Low-risk patients remained free of myelopathy and 33% of intermediate-risk patients and 90% of high-risk patients developed myelopathy. Conclusion: On the basis of these literature data (and with due caution), the risk of myelopathy appears small after {<=}135.5 Gy{sub 2} when the interval is not shorter than 6 months and the dose of each course is {<=}98 Gy{sub 2}. We would recommend limiting the dose to this level, whenever technically feasible. However, it appears prudent to propose the collection of prospective data from a greater number of patients receiving doses in the range of 136-150 Gy{sub 2} to assess the safety of higher retreatment doses for those patients in whom limited doses might compromise tumor control.

Nieder, Carsten [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich (Germany)]. E-mail: cnied@hotmail.com; Grosu, Anca L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich (Germany); Andratschke, Nicolaus H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich (Germany); Molls, Michael [Department of Radiation Oncology, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technical University of Munich, Munich (Germany)

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Projected Second Tumor Risk and Dose to Neurocognitive Structures After Proton Versus Photon Radiotherapy for Benign Meningioma  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To calculated projected second tumor rates and dose to organs at risk (OAR) in patients with benign intracranial meningioma (BM), according to dosimetric comparisons between proton radiotherapy (PRT) and photon radiotherapy (XRT) treatment plans. Methods and Materials: Ten patients with BM treated at Massachusetts General Hospital during 2006-2010 with PRT were replanned with XRT (intensity-modulated or three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy), optimizing dose to the tumor while sparing OAR. Total dose was 54 Gy in 1.8 Gy per fraction for all plans. We calculated equivalent uniform doses, normal tissue complication probabilities, and whole brain-based estimates of excess risk of radiation-associated intracranial second tumors. Results: Excess risk of second tumors was significantly lower among PRT compared with XRT plans (1.3 vs. 2.8 per 10,000 patients per year, p gland (29.2 vs. 37.0 Gy, p = 0.047), optic nerves (left, 28.5 vs. 33.8 Gy, p = 0.04; right, 25.1 vs. 31.1 Gy, p = 0.07), and cochleas (left, 12.2 vs. 15.8 Gy, p = 0.39; right,1.5 vs. 8.8 Gy, p = 0.01). Mean normal tissue complication probability was <1% for all structures and not significantly different between PRT and XRT plans. Conclusions: Compared with XRT, PRT for BM decreases the risk of RT-associated second tumors by half and delivers significantly lower doses to neurocognitive and critical structures of vision and hearing.

Arvold, Nils D. [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Niemierko, Andrzej; Broussard, George P.; Adams, Judith; Fullerton, Barbara; Loeffler, Jay S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Shih, Helen A., E-mail: hshih@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

358

Correlation of Osteoradionecrosis and Dental Events With Dosimetric Parameters in Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is a known complication of radiation therapy to the head and neck. However, the incidence of this complication with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and dental sequelae with this technique have not been fully elucidated. Methods and Materials: From December 2000 to July 2007, 168 patients from our institution have been previously reported for IMRT of the oral cavity, nasopharynx, larynx/hypopharynx, sinus, and oropharynx. All patients underwent pretreatment dental evaluation, including panoramic radiographs, an aggressive fluoride regimen, and a mouthguard when indicated. The median maximum mandibular dose was 6,798 cGy, and the median mean mandibular dose was 3,845 cGy. Patient visits were retrospectively reviewed for the incidence of ORN, and dental records were reviewed for the development of dental events. Univariate analysis was then used to assess the effect of mandibular and parotid gland dosimetric parameters on dental endpoints. Results: With a median clinic follow-up of 37.4 months (range, 0.8-89.6 months), 2 patients, both with oral cavity primaries, experienced ORN. Neither patient had preradiation dental extractions. The maximum mandibular dose and mean mandibular dose of the 2 patients were 7,183 and 6,828 cGy and 5812 and 5335 cGy, respectively. In all, 17% of the patients (n = 29) experienced a dental event. A mean parotid dose of >26 Gy was predictive of a subsequent dental caries, whereas a maximum mandibular dose >70 Gy and a mean mandibular dose >40 Gy were correlated with dental extractions after IMRT. Conclusions: ORN is rare after head-and-neck IMRT, but is more common with oral cavity primaries. Our results suggest different mechanisms for radiation-induced caries versus extractions.

Gomez, Daniel R., E-mail: dgomez@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Estilo, Cherry L. [Dental Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Wolden, Suzanne L.; Zelefsky, Michael J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Kraus, Dennis H.; Wong, Richard J.; Shaha, Ashok R.; Shah, Jatin P. [Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Mechalakos, James G.; Lee, Nancy Y. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Modified total body irradiation as a planned second high-dose therapy with stem cell infusion for patients with bone-based malignancies  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To estimate the maximum tolerated dose of hyperfractionated total marrow irradiation (TMI) as a second consolidation after high-dose chemotherapy with autologous or syngeneic blood stem cell transfusion for patients with bone/bone marrow-based malignant disease. Patients and Methods: Fifty-seven patients aged 3-65 years (median, 45 years), including 21 with multiple myeloma, 24 with breast cancer, 10 with sarcoma, and 2 with lymphoma, were treated with 1.5 Gy administered twice daily to a total dose of 12 Gy (n = 27), 13.5 Gy (n = 12), and 15 Gy (n = 18). Median time between the 2 transplants was 105 days (range, 63-162 days). Results: All patients engrafted neutrophils (median, Day 11; range, Day 9-23) and became platelet independent (median, Day 9; range, Day 7-36). There were 5 cases of Grade 3-4 regimen-related pulmonary toxicity, 1 at 12 Gy, and 4 at 15 Gy. Complete responses, partial responses, and stabilizations were achieved in 33%, 26%, and 41% of patients, respectively. Kaplan-Meier estimates of 5-year progression-free survival and overall survival for 56 evaluable patients are 24% and 36%, respectively. Median time of follow-up among survivors was 96 months (range, 77-136 months). Conclusion: Total marrow irradiation as a second myeloablative therapy is feasible. The estimated maximum tolerated dose for TMI in a tandem transplant setting was 13.5 Gy. Because 20% of patients are surviving at 8 years free of disease, further studies of TMI are warranted.

Zaucha, Renata E. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Buckner, Dean C. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Barnett, Todd [The Swedish Hospital Medical Center, Cancer Institute, Seattle, WA (United States); Holmberg, Leona A. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Gooley, Ted [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Hooper, Heather A. P.A.-C. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Maloney, David G. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Appelbaum, Frederick [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States); Bensinger, William I. [Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, University of Washington, Clinical Research Division, Seattle, WA (United States)]. E-mail: wbensing@fhcrc.org

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Validating the RTOG-Endorsed Brachial Plexus Contouring Atlas: An Evaluation of Reproducibility Among Patients Treated by Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate interobserver variability for contouring the brachial plexus as an organ-at-risk (OAR) and to analyze its potential dosimetric consequences in patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) for head-and-neck cancer. Methods and Materials: Using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG)-endorsed brachial plexus contouring atlas, three radiation oncologists independently delineated the OAR on treatment planning computed-tomography (CT) axial scans from 5 representative patients undergoing IMRT to a prescribed dose of 70 Gy for head-and-neck cancer. Dose-volume histograms for the brachial plexus were calculated, and interobserver differences were quantified by comparing various dosimetric statistics. Qualitative analysis was performed by visually assessing the overlapping contours on a single beam's eye view. Results: Brachial plexus volumes for the 5 patients across observers were 26 cc (18-35 cc), 25 cc (21-30 cc), 29 cc (28-32 cc), 29 cc (23-38 cc), and 29 cc (23-34 cc). On qualitative analysis, minimal variability existed except at the inferolateral portion of the OAR, where slight discrepancies were noted among the physicians. Maximum doses to the brachial plexus ranged from 71.6 to 72.6 Gy, 75.2 to 75.8 Gy, 69.1 to 71.0 Gy, 76.4 to 76.9 Gy, and 70.6 to 71.4 Gy. Respective volumes receiving doses greater than 60 Gy (V60) were 8.6 to 10.9 cc, 6.2 to 8.1 cc, 8.2 to 11.6 cc, 8.3 to 10.5 cc, and 5.6 to 9.8 cc. Conclusion: The RTOG-endorsed brachial plexus atlas provides a consistent set of guidelines for contouring this OAR with essentially no learning curve. Adoption of these contouring guidelines in the clinical setting is encouraged.

Yi, Sun K.; Hall, William H.; Mathai, Mathew [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California (United States); Dublin, Arthur B. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California (United States); Gupta, Vishal; Purdy, James A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California (United States); Chen, Allen M., E-mail: allen.chen@ucdmc.ucdavis.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California (United States)

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

A Phase I Study of Chemoradiotherapy With Use of Involved-Field Conformal Radiotherapy and Accelerated Hyperfractionation for Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: WJTOG 3305  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A Phase I study to determine a recommended dose of thoracic radiotherapy using accelerated hyperfractionation for unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer was conducted. Methods and Materials: Patients with unresectable Stage III non-small-cell lung cancer were treated intravenously with carboplatin (area under the concentration curve 2) and paclitaxel (40 mg/m{sup 2}) on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 with concurrent twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy (1.5 Gy per fraction) beginning on Day 1 followed by two cycles of consolidation chemotherapy using carboplatin (area under the concentration curve 5) and paclitaxel (200 mg/m{sup 2}). Total doses were 54 Gy in 36 fractions, 60 Gy in 40 fractions, 66 Gy in 44 fractions, and 72 Gy in 48 fractions at Levels 1 to 4. The dose-limiting toxicity, defined as Grade {>=}4 esophagitis and neutropenic fever and Grade {>=}3 other nonhematologic toxicities, was monitored for 90 days. Results: Of 26 patients enrolled, 22 patients were assessable for response and toxicity. When 4 patients entered Level 4, enrollment was closed to avoid severe late toxicities. Dose-limiting toxicities occurred in 3 patients. They were Grade 3 neuropathy at Level 1 and Level 3 and Grade 3 infection at Level 1. However, the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. The median survival time was 28.6 months for all patients. Conclusions: The maximum tolerated dose was not reached, although the dose of radiation was escalated to 72 Gy in 48 fractions. However, a dose of 66 Gy in 44 fractions was adopted for this study because late toxicity data were insufficient.

Tada, Takuhito, E-mail: tada@msic.med.osaka-cu.ac.jp [Department of Radiology, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka (Japan); Department of Radiology, Izumi Municipal Hospital, Izumi (Japan); Chiba, Yasutaka [Department of Environmental Medicine and Behavioural Science, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-sayama (Japan); Tsujino, Kayoko [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hyogo Cancer Center, Akashi (Japan); Fukuda, Haruyuki [Department of Radiology, Osaka Prefectural Medical Center for Respiratory and Allergic Diseases, Habikino (Japan); Nishimura, Yasumasa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-sayama (Japan); Kokubo, Masaki [Division of Radiation Oncology, Institute of Biomedical Research and Innovation, Kobe (Japan); Negoro, Shunichi [Department of Medical Oncology, Hyogo Cancer Center, Akashi (Japan); Kudoh, Shinzoh [Department of Respiratory Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka (Japan); Fukuoka, Masahiro [Department of Medical Oncology, Izumi Municipal Hospital, Izumi (Japan); Nakagawa, Kazuhiko [Department of Medical Oncology, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-sayama (Japan); Nakanishi, Yoichi [Research Institute for Disease of the Chest, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyusyu University, Fukuoka (Japan)

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

I I  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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363

University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) project report on the third long-term cycle  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The University of Minnesota aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) system has been operated as a field test facility (FTF) since 1982. The objectives were to design, construct, and operate the facility to study the feasibility of high-temperature ATES in a confined aquifer. Four short-term and two long-term cycles were previously conducted, which provided a greatly increased understanding of the efficiency and geochemical effects of high-temperature aquifer thermal energy storage. The third long-term cycle (LT3) was conducted to operate the ATES system in conjunction with a real heating load and to further study the geochemical impact that heated water storage had on the aquifer. For LT3, the source and storage wells were modified so that only the most permeable portion, the Ironton-Galesville part, of the Franconia-Ironton-Galesville aquifer was used for storage. This was expected to improve storage efficiency by reducing the surface area of the heated volume and simplify analysis of water chemistry results by reducing the number of aquifer-related variables which need to be considered. During LT3, a total volume of 63.2 {times} 10{sup 3} m {sup 3} of water was injected at a rate of 54.95 m{sup 3}/hr into the storage well at a mean temperature of 104.7{degrees}C. Tie-in to the reheat system of the nearby Animal Sciences Veterinary Medicine (ASVM) building was completed after injection was completed. Approximately 66 percent (4.13 GWh) of the energy added to the aquifer was recovered. Approximately 15 percent (0.64 GWh) of the usable (10 building. Operations during heat recovery with the ASVM building`s reheat system were trouble-free. Integration into more of the ASVM (or other) building`s mechanical systems would have resulted in significantly increasing the proportion of energy used during heat recovery.

Hoyer, M.C.; Hallgren, J.P.; Uebel, M.H.; Delin, G.N.; Eisenreich, S.J.; Sterling, R.L.

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Final Technical Report: Response of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Associated Climate Change  

SciTech Connect

This research incorporated an integrated hierarchical approach in space, time, and levels of biological/ecological organization to help understand and predict ecosystem response to elevated CO{sub 2} and concomitant environmental change. The research utilized a number of different approaches, and collaboration of both PER and non-PER investigators to arrive at a comprehensive, integrative understanding. Central to the work were the CO{sub 2}-controlled, ambient Lit, Temperature controlled (CO{sub 2}LT) null-balance chambers originally developed in the arctic tundra, which were re-engineered for the chaparral with treatment CO{sub 2} concentrations of from 250 to 750 ppm CO{sub 2} in 100 ppm increments, replicated twice to allow for a regression analysis. Each chamber was 2 meters on a side and 2 meters tall, which were installed over an individual shrub reprouting after a fire. This manipulation allowed study of the response of native chaparral to varying levels of CO{sub 2}, while regenerating from an experimental burn. Results from these highly-controlled manipulations were compared against Free Air CO{sub 2} Enrichment (FACE) manipulations, in an area adjacent to the CO{sub 2}LT null balance greenhouses. These relatively short-term results (5-7 years) were compared to long-term results from Mediterranean-type ecosystems (MTEs) surrounding natural CO{sub 2} springs in northern Italy, near Laiatico, Italy. The springs lack the controlled experimental rigor of our CO{sub 2}LT and FACE manipulation, but provide invaluable validation of our long-term predictions.

Oechel, Walter C

2002-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

365

N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Plasma Levels as a Potential Biomarker for Cardiac Damage After Radiotherapy in Patients With Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery has been associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. Cardiac biomarkers may aid in identifying patients with radiation-mediated cardiac dysfunction. We evaluated the correlation between N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and troponin (TnI) and the dose of radiation to the heart in patients with left-sided breast cancer. Methods and Materials: NT-proBNP and TnI plasma concentrations were measured in 30 left-sided breast cancer patients (median age, 55.0 years) 5 to 22 months after RT (Group I) and in 30 left-sided breast cancer patients (median age, 57.0 years) before RT as control group (Group II). Dosimetric and geometric parameters of heart and left ventricle were determined in all patients of Group I. Seventeen patients underwent complete two-dimensional echocardiography. Results: NT-proBNP levels were significantly higher (p = 0.03) in Group I (median, 90.0 pg/ml; range, 16.7-333.1 pg/ml) than in Group II (median, 63.2 pg/ml; range, 11.0-172.5 pg/ml). TnI levels remained below the cutoff threshold of 0.07 ng/ml in both groups. In patients with NT-proBNP values above the upper limit of 125 pg/ml, there were significant correlations between plasma levels and V{sub 3Gy}(%) (p = 0.001), the ratios D{sub 15cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub mean}(Gy) (p = 0.01), the ratios D{sub 15cm}{sup 3}/D{sub 50%} (Gy) (p = 0.008) for the heart and correlations between plasma levels and V{sub 2Gy} (%) (p = 0.002), the ratios D{sub 1cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub mean}(Gy) (p = 0.03), and the ratios D{sub 0.5cm{sup 3}}(Gy)/D{sub 50%}(Gy) (p = 0.05) for the ventricle. Conclusions: Patients with left-sided breast cancer show higher values of NT-pro BNP after RT when compared with non-RT-treated matched patients, increasing in correlation with high doses in small volumes of heart and ventricle. The findings of this study show that the most important parameters are not the mean doses but instead the small percentage of organ volumes (heart or ventricle) receiving high dose levels, supporting the notion that the heart behaves as a serial organ.

D'Errico, Maria P., E-mail: patderrico@libero.it [Department of Laboratory Medicine, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Grimaldi, Luca [Department of Medical Physics, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Petruzzelli, Maria F. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Gianicolo, Emilio A.L. [Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy); Tramacere, Francesco [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Monetti, Antonio; Placella, Roberto [Department of Laboratory Medicine, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Pili, Giorgio [Department of Medical Physics, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Andreassi, Maria Grazia; Sicari, Rosa; Picano, Eugenio [Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy); Portaluri, Maurizio [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'A. Perrino' Hospital, Brindisi (Italy); Clinical Physiology Institute, National Research Council (IFC-CNR), Pisa-Lecce (Italy)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Comparison of secondary neutron dose in proton therapy resulting from the use of a tungsten alloy MLC or a brass collimator system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To apply the dual ionization chamber method for mixed radiation fields to an accurate comparison of the secondary neutron dose arising from the use of a tungsten alloy multileaf collimator (MLC) as opposed to a brass collimator system for defining the shape of a therapeutic proton field. Methods: Hydrogenous and nonhydrogenous ionization chambers were constructed with large volumes to enable measurements of absorbed doses below 10{sup -4} Gy in mixed radiation fields using the dual ionization chamber method for mixed-field dosimetry. Neutron dose measurements were made with a nominal 230 MeV proton beam incident on a closed tungsten alloy MLC and a solid brass block. The chambers were cross-calibrated against a {sup 60}Co-calibrated Farmer chamber in water using a 6 MV x-ray beam and Monte Carlo simulations were performed to account for variations in ionization chamber response due to differences in secondary neutron energy spectra. Results: The neutron and combined proton plus {gamma}-ray absorbed doses are shown to be nearly equivalent downstream from either a closed tungsten alloy MLC or a solid brass block. At 10 cm downstream from the distal edge of the collimating material the neutron dose from the closed MLC was (5.3 {+-} 0.4) x 10{sup -5} Gy/Gy. The neutron dose with brass was (6.4 {+-} 0.7) x 10{sup -5} Gy/Gy. Further from the secondary neutron source, at 50 cm, the neutron doses remain close for both the MLC and brass block at (6.9 {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -6} Gy/Gy and (6.3 {+-} 0.7) x 10{sup -6} Gy/Gy, respectively. Conclusions: The dual ionization chamber method is suitable for measuring secondary neutron doses resulting from proton irradiation. The results of measurements downstream from a closed tungsten alloy MLC and a brass block indicate that, even in an overly pessimistic worst-case scenario, secondary neutron production in a tungsten alloy MLC leads to absorbed doses that are nearly equivalent to those seen from brass collimators. Therefore, the choice of tungsten alloy in constructing the leaves of a proton MLC is appropriate, and does not lead to a substantial increase in the secondary neutron dose to the patient compared to that generated in a brass collimator.

Diffenderfer, Eric S.; Ainsley, Christopher G.; Kirk, Maura L.; McDonough, James E.; Maughan, Richard L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

367

International Brachytherapy Practice Patterns: A Survey of the Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup (GCIG)  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine current practice patterns with regard to gynecologic high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy among international members of the Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup (GCIG) in Japan/Korea (Asia), Australia/New Zealand (ANZ), Europe (E), and North America (NAm). Methods and Materials: A 32-item survey was developed requesting information on brachytherapy practice patterns and standard management for Stage IB-IVA cervical cancer. The chair of each GCIG member cooperative group selected radiation oncology members to receive the survey. Results: A total of 72 responses were analyzed; 61 respondents (85%) used HDR. The three most common HDR brachytherapy fractionation regimens for Stage IB-IIA patients were 6 Gy for five fractions (18%), 6 Gy for four fractions (15%), and 7 Gy for three fractions (11%); for Stage IIB-IVA patients they were 6 Gy for five fractions (19%), 7 Gy for four fractions (8%), and 7 Gy for three fractions (8%). Overall, the mean combined external-beam and brachytherapy equivalent dose (EQD2) was 81.1 (standard deviation [SD] 10.16). The mean EQD2 recommended for Stage IB-IIA patients was 78.9 Gy (SD 10.7) and for Stage IIB-IVA was 83.3 Gy (SD 11.2) (p = 0.02). By region, the mean combined EQD2 was as follows: Asia, 71.2 Gy (SD 12.65); ANZ, 81.18 (SD 4.96); E, 83.24 (SD 10.75); and NAm, 81.66 (SD, 6.05; p = 0.02 for Asia vs. other regions).The ratio of brachytherapy to total prescribed dose was significantly higher for Japan (p = 0.0002). Conclusion: Although fractionation patterns may vary, the overall mean doses administered for cervical cancer are similar in Australia/New Zealand, Europe, and North America, with practitioners in Japan administering a significantly lower external-beam dose but higher brachytherapy dose to the cervix. Given common goals, standardization should be possible in future clinical trials.

Viswanathan, Akila N., E-mail: aviswanathan@lroc.harvard.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA (United States); Creutzberg, Carien L. [Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden (Netherlands); Craighead, Peter [Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, Alberta (Canada); McCormack, Mary [Department of Oncology, University College London Hospital, London (United Kingdom); Toita, Takafumi [Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa (Japan); Narayan, Kailash [Division of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne (Australia); Reed, Nicholas [Beatson Oncology Centre, Glasgow, Scotland (United Kingdom); Long, Harry [Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Oncology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN (United States); Kim, Hak-Jae [Department of Oncology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Marth, Christian [Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck (Austria); Lindegaard, Jacob C. [Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus (Denmark); Cerrotta, Annmarie [Department of Radiation Therapy, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano (Italy); Small, William [The Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer of Northwestern University, Chicago, IL (United States); Trimble, Edward [National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD (United States)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

A Phase I Study of Short-Course Accelerated Whole Brain Radiation Therapy for Multiple Brain Metastases  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of a SHort-course Accelerated whole brain RadiatiON therapy (SHARON) in the treatment of patients with multiple brain metastases. Methods and Materials: A phase 1 trial in 4 dose-escalation steps was designed: 12 Gy (3 Gy per fraction), 14 Gy (3.5 Gy per fraction), 16 Gy (4 Gy per fraction), and 18 Gy (4.5 Gy per fraction). Eligibility criteria included patients with unfavorable recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class > or =2 with at least 3 brain metastases or metastatic disease in more than 3 organ systems, and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status {<=}3. Treatment was delivered in 2 days with twice-daily fractionation. Patients were treated in cohorts of 6-12 to define the MTD. The dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) was defined as any acute toxicity {>=}grade 3, according to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group scale. Information on the status of the main neurologic symptoms and quality of life were recorded. Results: Characteristics of the 49 enrolled patients were as follows: male/female, 30/19; median age, 66 years (range, 23-83 years). ECOG performance status was <3 in 46 patients (94%). Fourteen patients (29%) were considered to be in recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) class 3. Grade 1-2 acute neurologic (26.4%) and skin (18.3%) toxicities were recorded. Only 1 patient experienced DLT (neurologic grade 3 acute toxicity). With a median follow-up time of 5 months (range, 1-23 months), no late toxicities have been observed. Three weeks after treatment, 16 of 21 symptomatic patients showed an improvement or resolution of presenting symptoms (overall symptom response rate, 76.2%; confidence interval 0.95: 60.3-95.9%). Conclusions: Short-course accelerated radiation therapy in twice-daily fractions for 2 consecutive days is tolerated up to a total dose of 18 Gy. A phase 2 study has been planned to evaluate the efficacy on overall survival, symptom control, and quality of life indices.

Caravatta, Luciana; Deodato, Francesco; Ferro, Marica [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Macchia, Gabriella, E-mail: gmacchia@rm.unicatt.it [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Massaccesi, Mariangela [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Cilla, Savino [Medical Physics Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Medical Physics Unit, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II,' Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Padula, Gilbert D.A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Lacks Cancer Center Saint Mary's Health Care, Grand Rapids, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, The Lacks Cancer Center Saint Mary's Health Care, Grand Rapids, Michigan (United States); Mignogna, Samantha; Tambaro, Rosa [Department of Palliative Therapies, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Palliative Therapies, Fondazione di Ricerca e Cura 'Giovanni Paolo II', Universita Cattolica del S. Cuore, Campobasso (Italy); Carrozza, Francesco [Department of Oncology, A. Cardarelli Hospital, Campobasso (Italy)] [Department of Oncology, A. Cardarelli Hospital, Campobasso (Italy); Flocco, Mariano [Madre Teresa di Calcutta Hospice, Larino (Italy)] [Madre Teresa di Calcutta Hospice, Larino (Italy); Cantore, Giampaolo [Department of Neurological Sciences, Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Pozzilli (Italy)] [Department of Neurological Sciences, Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Pozzilli (Italy); Scapati, Andrea [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'San Francesco' Hospital, Nuoro (Italy)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, 'San Francesco' Hospital, Nuoro (Italy); Buwenge, Milly [Department of Radiotherapy, Mulago Hospital, Kampala (Uganda)] [Department of Radiotherapy, Mulago Hospital, Kampala (Uganda); and others

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

369

Medical x-ray exposure doses as contaminants of atomic bomb doses  

SciTech Connect

Since 1967 at the times of their biennial ABCC/RERF radiological examinations, all Adult Health Study (AHS) subjects have been interviewed to determine the exposures to medical x-rays they experienced in institutions other than RERF in order to estimate the numbers of examinations and corresponding doses which they received. These data have been stored on computer tapes together with the doses these subjects received during their radiological examinations in the ABCC/RERF Department of Radiology. Thus, their medical x-ray doses are available along with their atomic bomb doses (tentative 1965 doses revised, T65DR) for assessment of the role of ionizing radiation in the development of diseases. The medical x-ray doses incurred at RERF were assessed by means of phantom dosimetry. Those at other institutions were determined using phantom dosimetry data and results of surveys for trends in radiological examinations in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. By the end of 1982, the average medical x-ray doses to the active bone marrow were 12.04 mGy for A-bomb exposed groups and 8.92 mGy for control groups (not-in-cities); to the male gonads, 2.26 mGy and 1.89 mGy, respectively; and to the female gonads, 17.45 mGy and 12.58 mGy, respectively. Results for Hiroshima and Nagasaki were similar. The main impact of medical x-ray doses was in the lowest T65DR group. Medical x-ray active bone marrow doses ranged from 0.05-500% (mean, 35%) of A-bomb doses in the 10-99 mGy T65DR group. In the 100-999 mGy T65DR group, medical x-ray active bone marrow doses ranged from 0.005-50% (mean, 5%) of their T65DR. In the greater than 1000-mGy T65DR group, medical x-ray exposures were proportionally less. Medical x-ray exposures produced smaller doses to the gonads of males than to those of the females.

Yamamoto, O.; Antoku, S.; Russell, W.J.; Fujita, S.; Sawada, S.

1988-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Inhibiting the Aurora B Kinase Potently Suppresses Repopulation During Fractionated Irradiation of Human Lung Cancer Cell Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The use of molecular-targeted agents during radiotherapy of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a promising strategy to inhibit repopulation, thereby improving therapeutic outcome. We assessed the combined effectiveness of inhibiting Aurora B kinase and irradiation on human NSCLC cell lines in vitro. Methods and Materials: NSCLC cell lines were exposed to concentrations of AZD1152-hydroxyquinazoline pyrazol anilide (AZD1152-HQPA) inhibiting colony formation by 50% (IC50{sub clone}) in combination with single dose irradiation or different fractionation schedules using multiple 2-Gy fractions per day up to total doses of 4-40 Gy. The total irradiation dose required to control growth of 50% of the plaque monolayers (TCD50) was determined. Apoptosis, G2/M progression, and polyploidization were also analyzed. Results: TCD50 values after single dose irradiation were similar for the H460 and H661 cell lines with 11.4 {+-} 0.2 Gy and 10.7 {+-} 0.3 Gy, respectively. Fractionated irradiation using 3 Multiplication-Sign 2 Gy/day, 2 Multiplication-Sign 2 Gy/day, and 1 Multiplication-Sign 2 Gy/day schedules significantly increased TCD50 values for both cell lines grown as plaque monolayers with increasing radiation treatment time. This could be explained by a repopulation effect per day that counteracts 75 {+-} 8% and 27 {+-} 6% of the effect of a 2-Gy fraction in H460 and H661 cells, respectively. AZD1152-HQPA treatment concomitant to radiotherapy significantly decreased the daily repopulation effect (H460: 28 {+-} 5%, H661: 10 {+-} 4% of a 2-Gy fraction per day). Treatment with IC50{sub clone} AZD1152-HPQA did not induce apoptosis, prolong radiation-induced G2 arrest, or delay cell cycle progression before the spindle check point. However, polyploidization was detected, especially in cell lines without functional p53. Conclusions: Inhibition of Aurora B kinase with low AZD1152-HQPA concentrations during irradiation of NSCLC cell lines affects repopulation during radiotherapy. Thus, concomitant Aurora B kinase inhibition and irradiation may be a promising strategy for fast repopulating tumors, which are difficult to cure by dose escalation based on conventional fractionation.

Sak, Ali, E-mail: ali.sak@uni-due.de [Department of Radiotherapy, West German Cancer Centre (WTZ), University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen (Germany)] [Department of Radiotherapy, West German Cancer Centre (WTZ), University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen (Germany); Stuschke, Martin; Groneberg, Michael; Kuebler, Dennis; Poettgen, Christoph [Department of Radiotherapy, West German Cancer Centre (WTZ), University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen (Germany)] [Department of Radiotherapy, West German Cancer Centre (WTZ), University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen (Germany); Eberhardt, Wilfried E.E. [Department of Medicine (Cancer Research), West German Cancer Centre (WTZ), University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen (Germany)] [Department of Medicine (Cancer Research), West German Cancer Centre (WTZ), University Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen (Germany)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Relationship of five anthropometric measurements at age 18 to radiation dose among atomic bomb survivors exposed in utero  

SciTech Connect

Five body measurements-standing height, body weight, sitting height, chest circumference and intercristal diameter-of 18-year-old atomic bomb survivors exposed in utero in Hiroshima and Nagasaki were analyzed in relation to DS86 uterine dose. Age in utero was divided into four periods: 0-7, 8-15, 16-25 and [>=]26 weeks. This categorization is based upon the study of radiation-induced brain damage. The linear regression analyses for these five variables showed significant decreases with increasing dose. The regression coefficients were -2.65 cm/Gy for standing height, -2.46 kg/Gy for body weight, -0.92 cm/Gy for sitting height, -1.37 cm/Gy for chest circumference and -0.32 cm/Gy for intercristal diameter. The multivariate test statistic for the overall dose effect on five body measurements was significant, but the interaction between dose and gestational period was not significant. Principal-component analysis was applied to the five variables. For the first-component scores, the dose effect was significant, but the interaction between dose and gestational period was not significant. For the second-component scores, the dose effect was significant specifically at 0.7 weeks. The radiation dose effect on the second principal component found at 0-7 weeks of gestation suggests that malformation occur in this period. 17 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Nakashima, Eiji (Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Minami-ku (Japan))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Effect of Cisplatin on Parotid Gland Function in Concomitant Radiochemotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine the influence of concomitant radiochemotherapy with cisplatin on parotid gland tissue complication probability. Methods and Materials: Patients treated with either radiotherapy (n = 61) or concomitant radiochemotherapy with cisplatin (n = 36) for head-and-neck cancer were prospectively evaluated. The dose and volume distributions of the parotid glands were noted in dose-volume histograms. Stimulated salivary flow rates were measured before, during the 2nd and 6th weeks and at 4 weeks and 6 months after the treatment. The data were fit using the normal tissue complication probability model of Lyman. Complication was defined as a reduction of the salivary flow rate to less than 25% of the pretreatment flow rate. Results: The normal tissue complication probability model parameter TD{sub 50} (the dose leading to a complication probability of 50%) was found to be 32.2 Gy at 4 weeks and 32.1 Gy at 6 months for concomitant radiochemotherapy and 41.1 Gy at 4 weeks and 39.6 Gy at 6 months for radiotherapy. The tolerated dose for concomitant radiochemotherapy was at least 7 to 8 Gy lower than for radiotherapy alone at TD{sub 50}. Conclusions: In this study, the concomitant radiochemotherapy tended to cause a higher probability of parotid gland tissue damage. Advanced radiotherapy planning approaches such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy may be partiticularly important for parotid sparing in radiochemotherapy because of cisplatin-related increased radiosensitivity of glands.

Hey, Jeremias; Setz, Juergen [Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, University School of Dental Medicine, Martin- Luther- University, Halle (Germany); Gerlach, Reinhard; Vordermark, Dirk [Department of Radiotherapy, University Clinic, Martin-Luther-University, Halle (Germany); Gernhardt, Christian R. [Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, University School of Dental Medicine, Martin-Luther-University, Halle (Germany); Kuhnt, Thomas, E-mail: thomas.kuhnt@medizin.uni-halle.d [Department of Radiotherapy, University Clinic, Martin-Luther-University, Halle (Germany)

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Bath and Shower Effects in the Rat Parotid Gland Explain Increased Relative Risk of Parotid Gland Dysfunction After Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To assess in a rat model whether adding a subtolerance dose in a region adjacent to a high-dose irradiated subvolume of the parotid gland influences its response (bath-and-shower effect). Methods and Materials: Irradiation of the whole, cranial 50%, and/or the caudal 50% of the parotid glands of Wistar rats was performed using 150-MeV protons. To determine suitable (i.e., subtolerance) dose levels for a bath-dose, both whole parotid glands were irradiated with 5 to 25 Gy. Subsequently groups of Wistar rats received 30 Gy to the caudal 50% (shower) and 0 to 10 Gy to the cranial 50% (bath) of both parotid glands. Stimulated saliva flow rate (function) was measured before and up to 240 days after irradiation. Results: Irradiation of both glands up to a dose of 10 Gy did not result in late loss of function and is thus regarded subtolerance. Addition of a dose bath of 1 to 10 Gy to a high-dose in the caudal 50% of the glands resulted in enhanced function loss. Conclusion: Similar to the spinal cord, the parotid gland demonstrates a bath and shower effect, which may explain the less-than-expected sparing of function after IMRT.

Luijk, Peter van [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)], E-mail: p.van.luijk@rt.umcg.nl; Faber, Hette [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Schippers, Jacobus M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Accelerator Department, Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Brandenburg, Sytze [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Langendijk, Johannes A.; Meertens, Harm [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Coppes, Robert P. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Cell Biology, Section Radiation and Stress Cell Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)

2009-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

[F-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography for targeting radiation dose escalation for patients with glioblastoma multiforme: Clinical outcomes and patterns of failure  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: [F-18]-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging for brain tumors has been shown to identify areas of active disease. Radiation dose escalation in the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme may lead to improved disease control. Based on these premises, we initiated a prospective study of FDG-PET for the treatment planning of radiation dose escalation for the treatment of glioblastoma multiforme. Methods and Materials: Forty patients were enrolled. Patients were treated with standard conformal fractionated radiotherapy with volumes defined by MRI imaging. When patients reached a dose of 45-50.4 Gy, they underwent FDG-PET imaging for boost target delineation, for an additional 20 Gy (2 Gy per fraction) to a total dose of 79.4 Gy (n = 30). Results: The estimated 1-year and 2-year overall survival (OS) for the entire group was 70% and 17%, respectively, with a median overall survival of 70 weeks. The estimated 1-year and 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 18% and 3%, respectively, with a median of 24 weeks. No significant improvements in OS or PFS were observed for the study group in comparison to institutional historical controls. Conclusions: Radiation dose escalation to 79.4 Gy based on FDG-PET imaging demonstrated no improvement in OS or PFS. This study establishes the feasibility of integrating PET metabolic imaging into radiotherapy treatment planning.

Douglas, James G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States) and Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States)]. E-mail: drjay@u.washington.edu; Stelzer, Keith J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Celilo Radiation Therapy, Mid-Columbia Medical Center, The Dalles, OR (United States); Mankoff, David A. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Tralins, Kevin S. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Krohn, Kenneth A. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Muzi, Mark [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Silbergeld, Daniel L. [Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Rostomily, Robert C. [Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Scharnhorst, Jeffrey B.S. [Department of Neurology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States); Spence, Alexander M. [Department of Neurology, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA (United States)

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Low doses of neutrons induce changes in gene expression  

SciTech Connect

Studies were designed to identify genes induced following low-dose neutron but not following {gamma}-ray exposure in fibroblasts. Our past work had shown differences in the expression of {beta}-protein kinase C and c-fos genes, both being induced following {gamma}-ray but not neutron exposure. We have identified two genes that are induced following neutron, but not {gamma}-ray, exposure: Rp-8 (a gene induced by apoptosis) and the long terminal repeat (LTR) of the human immunodeficiency (HIV). Rp-8 mRNA induction was demonstrated in Syrian hamster embryo fibroblasts and was found to be induced in cells exposed to neutrons administered at low (0.5 cGy/min) and at high dose rate (12 cGy/min). The induction of transcription from the LTR of HIV was demonstrated in HeLa cells bearing a transfected construct of the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) gene driven by the HIV-LTR promoter. Measures of CAT activity and CAT transcripts following irradiation demonstrated an unresponsiveness to {gamma} rays over a broad range of doses. Twofold induction of the HIV-LTR was detected following neutron exposure (48 cGy) administered at low (0.5 cGy/min) but not high (12 cGy/min) dose rates. Ultraviolet-mediated HIV-LTR induction was inhibited by low-dose-rate neutron exposure.

Woloschak, G.E.; Chang-Liu, C.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Panozzo, J.; Libertin, C.R. [Loyola Univ., Maywood, IL (United States)

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Low doses of neutrons induce changes in gene expression  

SciTech Connect

Studies were designed to identify genes induced following low-dose neutron but not following [gamma]-ray exposure in fibroblasts. Our past work had shown differences in the expression of [beta]-protein kinase C and c-fos genes, both being induced following [gamma]-ray but not neutron exposure. We have identified two genes that are induced following neutron, but not [gamma]-ray, exposure: Rp-8 (a gene induced by apoptosis) and the long terminal repeat (LTR) of the human immunodeficiency (HIV). Rp-8 mRNA induction was demonstrated in Syrian hamster embryo fibroblasts and was found to be induced in cells exposed to neutrons administered at low (0.5 cGy/min) and at high dose rate (12 cGy/min). The induction of transcription from the LTR of HIV was demonstrated in HeLa cells bearing a transfected construct of the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) gene driven by the HIV-LTR promoter. Measures of CAT activity and CAT transcripts following irradiation demonstrated an unresponsiveness to [gamma] rays over a broad range of doses. Twofold induction of the HIV-LTR was detected following neutron exposure (48 cGy) administered at low (0.5 cGy/min) but not high (12 cGy/min) dose rates. Ultraviolet-mediated HIV-LTR induction was inhibited by low-dose-rate neutron exposure.

Woloschak, G.E.; Chang-Liu, C.M. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Panozzo, J.; Libertin, C.R. (Loyola Univ., Maywood, IL (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

 

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378

MHK Projects/NPI 023 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

< MHK Projects &lt; MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

379

MHK Projects/NPI 055 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

< MHK Projects &lt; MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

380

 

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381

 

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382

COMPUTER GENERATION OF TYPE CURVES SUBMITIED TO THE DEPARTMENTOF PETROLEUMENGINEERING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tdd(10000),Fdd(10000) C C pi=3.141592654 error=1Oe-9 c Calculate F1/2(td) c Constant We inner boundary/pi)**OS) if(F.lt.0.0l)go to 20 nn=nn+l Fdd(m)=F tdd(nn)=td td= dt 20 continue 10 continue write(6,lOOO) nn do 30 m=l,nn time=tdd(m) efff=Fdd(m) write(6,2000) time,efff 30 continue 1000 format(5x,i3) 2000 format

Stanford University

383

Analysis of single ion channel data incorporating time-interval omission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xm iZ1 Bikðt?lt i for tO0; where Bik(t) is a polynomial in t of degree k with coefficients Cikr , so Bikðt? Z Xk rZ0 Cikrtr : The coefficients Cikr are nO!nO-matrices. Proof. The proof is by induction over{zfflfflfflfflfflfflfflfflfflffl} ð?? ! Clt i Xk rZ0 Cikr Xt t0Z0 t0r |fflfflffl{zfflfflffl} ð??? ! : If the terms (?) and (??

Timmer, Jens

384

SHUILI XUEBAO2011 6 42 6 0559-9350201106-0631-10  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

é ë ê ù û úDm ( )x Cm x - q Cm x - ( )Cm - Cim - ( )m lm + fb Kd sm Cm 1 [ ]im + ( )1 - f b Kd Cim t = ( )Cm - Cim - [ ]im lim + ( )1 - f b Kd sim Cim 2 m im L 3 /L 3 Cm Cim M/L 3 q=vmL/Tv L/T 1/Tf b M/ L - ( )Cm - Cim - m mCm 4 im Rim Cim t = ( )Cm - Cim - im imCim 5 Pickens Grisk 7 ( )x = kx 6 k ( )x

Zhan, Hongbin

385

 

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386

 

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387

 

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388

 

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389

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

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390

Microsoft Word - Coverpage.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Securing Cyberspace Securing Cyberspace for the 44 th Presidency A Report of the CSIS Commission on Cybersecurity for the 44 th Presidency Cochairs: Representative James R. Langevin Representative Michael T. McCaul Scott Charney Lt. General Harry Raduege, USAF (Ret) Project Director: James A. Lewis Center for Strategic and International Studies Washington, DC December 2008 About CSIS In an era of ever-changing global opportunities and challenges, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) provides strategic insights and practical policy solutions to decisionmakers. CSIS conducts research and analysis and develops policy initiatives that look into the future and anticipate change. Founded by David M. Abshire and Admiral Arleigh Burke at

391

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

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392

 

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393

MHK Projects/NPI 016A | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

< MHK Projects &lt; MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

394

untitled  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7, as submitted by 7, as submitted by center offices and selected by the division offices. Each citation is followed by the center numbers of centers that contributed most directly to the effort described. An acronym after each accomplishment indicates which of Sandia's strategic management units (SMUs) or strategic management groups (SMGs) the work most directly supported. The SMG/SMU acronyms are: NW: Nuclear Weapons SMG & SMU ITS: Integrated Technologies & Systems SMG LT: Laboratory Transformation SMG DS&A: Defense Systems & Assessments SMU ER&N: Energy, Resources, & Nonproliferation SMU HS&D: Homeland Security & Defense SMU ST&E: Science, Technology, & Engineering SMU IES: Integrated Enabling Services SMU Sandia National Laboratories

395

 

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396

I,  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

. . co. 1-3 \ /j ' I ' I, /\ <)y l,T. , li l ' \ .; li. ,\, ( ; i ' F,' ' , I! \,,i.' ,;, " 1 FORMERLY UTILIZED SITES REMEDIAL ACTION PROGRAM ELIMINATION REPORT FOR COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES GOLDEN, COLORADO Department of Energy Office of Nuclear Energy Office of Remedial Action and Waste Technology Division of Facility and Site Decomrbiissioning Projects _- .__.. . . CONTENTS INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND Site Function Site Description Radiological History and Status ELIMINATION ANALYSIS REFERENCES ii Page 1 2 4 -- -.-- ---.l__ - ~----.~--~.- _.._ -._-,-_- ___.___.. ELIMINATION REPORT COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES GOLDEN, COLORADO INTRODUCTION The Department of Energy (DOE), Office of huclear Energy, Office of Terminal Waste Disposal and Remedial Action, Division of Remedial

397

 

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398

Experimental Study of Nucleon Structure and QCD  

SciTech Connect

Overview of Experimental Study of Nucleon Structure and QCD, with focus on the spin structure. Nucleon (spin) Structure provides valuable information on QCD dynamics. A decade of experiments from JLab yields these exciting results: (1) valence spin structure, duality; (2) spin sum rules and polarizabilities; (3) precision measurements of g{sub 2} - high-twist; and (4) first neutron transverse spin results - Collins/Sivers/A{sub LT}. There is a bright future as the 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly enhance our capability: (1) Precision determination of the valence quark spin structure flavor separation; and (2) Precision extraction of transversity/tensor charge/TMDs.

Jian-Ping Chen

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

I I U M I ." im *"llip LscaManvaiM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;" mm TABLE OF CONTENTS VOLUME I: A HANDBOOK ON FILE STRUCTURING Page Introduction 1 I. A Model of Cross a i--i CO 1--1 z M X3 o Q> ? h-t u ¥ H Vk CO H i-i PS £Z P. Os W ct) a> vO to W § 03 I§ 3 OS · · · · · 1 2" · ····· 1 ····· Lt_ · «···« El · · · m J§ 7$> ?

400

A pilgrim's guide to the Hidden Land of Sikkim proclaimed as a treasure by Rig 'dzin rgod kyi ldem 'phru can  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Q~~J5I'~ ~'~'33'33'i' ~~'~;S.t;~,.t;~IIlJ5l'{t Moreover, when it came to the time of throwing grains in the air during the elaborate consecration ceremonies of that particular 'Stiipa of the Self-originated Crystal [image]' and the 'Stiipa... boulder in front of [the spring] with eight qualities, leaving his footprint as the support of blessings. Turning his face and gazing towards the southwest, he said: 'ITI SAMA Y A. Seal! Seal!' ~a.~~3~2f~~~:,~a.!~~~~~~t;'~~t;I~. ~t...

Boord, Martin J.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "lt lesotho gy" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

Pulse compression with a high-energy Nd:YAG regenerative amplifier system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We describe a method for the generation of readily synchronizable, near-transform-limited, 1064-nm, 6-mJ pulses with {lt}20-ps duration at a repetition rate of 20 Hz. The method employs chirped pulse amplification of spectrally broadened and temporally stretched pulses from a cw mode-locked Nd:YAG laser in a commercial Nd:YAG regenerative amplifier followed by pulse compression with a grating pair. Linear amplification subsequent to regenerative amplification is not required with this method, although higher energies would be easily obtained. {copyright} 1997 Optical Society of America

Venturo, V.A.; Joly, A.G.; Ray, D. [Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, P.O. Box 999 K2-14, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Energy Savings for CO2 Removal in Ammonia Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exergy analysis of carbonate solution C02 removal systems which use solution flashing shows that there is no energy saving by using a mechanical thermocompressor instead of a steam-jet ejector. In a 1000 ShT/D ammonia plant an energy saving of approx. 27 GJ/h (GHV) of natural gas is possible by using exhaust steam from a back pressure turbine instead of L.T. shift gas as the heat supply source for a Carsol C02 removal system.

Pouilliart, R.; Van Hecke, F. C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Buddist Architecture in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, are characterized by a hemispherical shape. But the remaining Gandhara stupas are distinctive tall structures, raised on lofty square terraces, the drum consisting of several diminishing tiers crowned by multiple receding umbrellas. The top of the square... enclosed by chapels. An example of exceptional plan and dimensions (diam.286 feet) wccs unearthed (l.t Sh,chji-ki-dheri near Peshawar which yielded the celebrated relic-ca~ket ()f Kani~.hka. This monument has a cruciform bJ.se wit h circular tower...

Deva, Krishna

404

Public works for water and power development and energy research appropriations for fiscal year 1978. Part 2. Corps of Engineers: Chief of Engineers and Director of Civil Works; New England Division; North Atlantic Division; North Pacific Division; Ohio River Division; South Atlantic Division. Hearins before a Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, Ninety-Fifth Congress, H. R. 7553  

SciTech Connect

The Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations met on February 25, 1977, to consider the budget requests of the Army Corps of Engineers for the South Atlantic Division and the Ohio River Division and the Ohio River Division. On February 28, 1977, New England and North Atlantic Divisions presented statements. On March 2, 1977, statements were heard from representatives of the North Pacific Division. On March 8, 1977, extensive statements on the overall operation of the Corps of Engineers were given by Lt. Gen. J.W. Morris, Chief of Engineers and Maj. Gen. Ernest Graves, Director of Civil Works. (MCW)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

The Liverpool Telescope Automatic Pipeline for Real-time GRB Afterglow Detection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2-m robotic Liverpool Telescope (LT) is ideally suited to the rapid follow-up of unpredictable and transient events such as GRBs. Our GRB follow-up strategy is designed to identify optical/IR counterparts in real time; it involves the automatic triggering of initial observations, on receipt of an alert from Gamma Ray Observatories HETE-2, INTEGRAL and Swift, followed by automated data reduction, analysis, OT identification and subsequent observing mode choice. The lack of human intervention in this process requires robustness at all stages of the procedure. Here we describe the telescope, its instrumentation and GRB pipeline.

A. Gomboc; A. Monfardini; C. Guidorzi; C. G. Mundell; C. J. Mottram; S. N. Fraser; R. J. Smith; I. A. Steele; D. Carter; M. F. Bode; A. M. Newsam

2005-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

406

A LARGE-SCALE GETTER PUMPING EXPERIMENT USING VAPOR DEPOSITED TITANIUM FILMS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

BS> The use of titanium getter pumping for large vacuum systems is described. Techniques were developed which give sorption rates approaching the maximum theoretically possible for many of the chemically active gases. A simple method of determining sticking fractions is descrnkbed. Sticking fractions for hydrogen, deuterium, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon nknonoxnkde, carbon dioxide, and methane are given for various films. The capacity and sorption characteristics for these films are shown. Simple and reliable resistance-heated titanium evapdorators are described. lt was demonstrated that the pumping methods described provide outstanding performance and are both reliable and practical. (auth)

Clausing, R.E.

1961-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 21 Number 2 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

union (maithuna) of the male and female principles thus depicted that the truth is effectively to be found The male divinity and his partner essentially are one another and can never be regarded apart; the static is the creative or productive power... , does deserve attention, not only within the Hindu-cum"Buddhist world but also in the lands beyond, is Wh:lt may fittingly be called "the Spirit of Tantra", our third category in the preamble to this essay. What then are the criteria wherewith...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

1985-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

408

Considerations on Tantrik Spirituality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) of the male and female principles thus depicted that the truth is effectively to be found The male divinity and his partner essentially are one another and can never be regarded apart; the static is the creative or productive power and vice versa... , does deserve attention, not only within the Hindu-cum"Buddhist world but also in the lands beyond, is Wh:lt may fittingly be called "the Spirit of Tantra", our third category in the preamble to this essay. What then are the criteria wherewith...

Tendzin, Thubten

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Khesbn no.109 - Spring 1987 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

l! )b J1D n))2 ,'1 tlsn DbND rtD ']uu N 'rts! 'lBr ''t p:3;r11:1grr 1y:rp4ry)ry1i 1y .51! l:rTD yltrytfyn yEbrtNt l:yrrgpbN tN tyT tt g'tNl ''tjy b:rtD Jui :lt DllD l'D )Sl l']sD

Admin, LAYCC

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Khesbn no. 45-46 - January 1967 - Journal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1lt I tND Dt3ll JD)']"j "rtD llN .lJl_tb Eyl '1*l lEPxlly],i7 u'l ul)n l'N ;0lNl 'l.l 'rTd .rtsu ul? n I'N ,iuTirT I'Nl*:nu ri2"lyll lru'byB! j1N D/rtD il! IrlS'ri7 N ,t:Nry), ,

Admin, LAYCC

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

 

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412

MHK Projects/NPI 017 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

< MHK Projects &lt; MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

413

Those early days as we remember them (Part VI) - Met Lab & Early Argonne History  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

VI | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory VI | Met Lab and Early Argonne History | Argonne National Laboratory 1/2 Those early days as we remember them Part Vl Lester C. Furney (second from right), who formerly handled public relations at Argonne and is author of the article below, is pictured here in February 1956 with (l to r) Major General D. J. Keirn, Major General James McCormack, Jr. (Ret.), and Lt. General James H. Doolittle (Ret.) during a

414

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

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415

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

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416

Low-dose Photons Modify CD4+ T Cell Signaling Response to Simulated Solar  

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Photons Modify CD4+ T Cell Signaling Response to Simulated Solar Photons Modify CD4+ T Cell Signaling Response to Simulated Solar Particle Event Protons Daila Gridley Loma Linda University and Medical Center Abstract Purpose: Astronauts on missions are exposed to low-dose/low-dose (LDR) radiation and could receive high doses during solar particle events (SPE). This study investigated T cell function in response to LDR radiation and simulated SPE (sSPE) protons, alone and in combination. Materials and methods: C57BL/6 mice received LDR γ-radiation (57Co) to a total dose of 0.01 Gray (Gy) at 0.0179 cGy/h, either with or without subsequent exposure to 1.7 Gy simulated SPE (sSPE) protons delivered over 36 h. On days 4 and 21 post-exposure, three functional pathways were studied using negatively isolated/anti-CD3 activated splenic CD4+ T cells:

417

A Systems Genetics Approach to Evaluate Serum Cytokine Expression Profiles  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluate Serum Cytokine Expression Profiles Evaluate Serum Cytokine Expression Profiles in 10 cGy-Irradiated Mice: Possible Connection to Susceptibility/Resistance to Cancer E.A. Blakely Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Goal: To use a systems-genetics approach to evaluate serum cytokine expression profiles in 10 cGy-whole-body-irradiated mice (BALB/c and Spret/EiJ parental strains, and their F1 offspring backcrossed (F1Bx) to female BALB/c). Background and Significance: Even low doses of ionizing radiation (∼10 cGy) can alter the composition of the tissue microenvironment by rapidly affecting cytokine production and activities, extracellular matrix (ECM) composition, and the expression of receptors that mediate cell-to-cell interactions (1). The stroma in mammary glands is constantly changing

418

C AIR O EN ROC CHICA RPORT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

AIR AIR O EN ROC CHICA RPORT Office o NVIRON CKFO AGO RO T, WIN U.S f Energ D NMEN ORD S PRO OCKFO NNEBA . Depar gy Efficie Golden SEPT DRAFT NTAL A FOR SOLA OJEC ORD IN AGO C tment o ency and Field O TEMBER 20 ASSESS AR EN CT NTERN OUNT of Energ d Renew Office 011 SMENT NERG NATIO TY, ILL gy wable E DOE/EA- T GY ONAL LINOIS Energy -1823 S DOE/EA-1823 DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR ROCKFORD SOLAR ENERGY PROJECT CHICAGO ROCKFORD INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, WINNEBAGO COUNTY, ILLINOIS U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Golden Field Office SEPTEMBER 2011 DOE/EA-1823 (DRAFT) iii September 2011 COVER SHEET RESPONSIBLE AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy TITLE: Draft Environmental Assessment: Rockford Solar Energy Project, Chicago-Rockford Airport,

419

Inference of Causal Networks from Time-course Transcription Data in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Inference of Causal Networks from Time-course Transcription Data in Inference of Causal Networks from Time-course Transcription Data in Response to a 2 Gy Challenge Dose of Ionizing Radiation with or without a 10 cGy Priming Dose Kai Zhang Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract Goal: To elucidate temporal-dependent gene templates, causal networks, and underlying biological processes that can be inferred in response to a 10 cGy priming dose with or without a later higher challenged dose. Background and significance: Mechanistic inference of regulatory network can provide new insights into radiation systems biology. The main challenge continues to be high dimensionality of data, complex network architecture and limited knowledge of biological processes. Approach: Our approach is to develop a novel computational method that

420

Low doses of neutrons induce changes in gene expression  

SciTech Connect

Studies were designed to identify genes induced in fibroblasts after exposure to low-dose neutron radiation but not after {gamma} rays. Our past work had shown similar modulation of transcripts for {alpha}-tubulin, {beta}- and {gamma}-actins, ornithine decarboxylase and interleukin 1 after exposure to either neutrons or {gamma} rays. However, differences in the expression of {beta}-protein kinase C and c-fos genes were observed, with both being induced after exposure to {gamma} rays but not neutrons. Recently, we have identified two genes that are induced after exposure to neutrons but not {gamma} rays: Rp-8 (a gene associated with apoptosis) and the long terminal repeat (LTR) of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Induction of Rp-8 mRNA was demonstrated in Syrian hamster embryo (SHE) fibroblasts and was found to be induced in cells exposed to neutrons administered at low (0.005 Gy/min) and high dose rate (0.12 Gy/min). No induction of other genes associated with apoptosis such as Rp-2, bcl-2 and Tcl-30 was observed. The induction of transcription from the LTR of HIV was demonstrated in HeLa cells bearing a transfected construct of the chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) gene driven by the HIV-LTR promoter. Measurements of CAT activity and CAT transcripts after irradiation demonstrated an unresponsiveness to {gamma} rays over a broad range of doses (0.1-3 Gy). Twofold induction of the HIV-LTR was detected after exposure to neutrons (0.48 Gy) administered at low (0.05 Gy/min) but not high (0.12 Gy/min) dose rates. Ultraviolet-mediated HIV-LTR induction, however, was inhibited by exposure to low-dose-rate neutron irradiation. These results are interesting in light of reports that Rp-8 is induced during apoptosis and that HIV causes apoptosis. 17 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Woloschak, G.E.; Chang-Liu, C.M. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Panozzo, J.; Libertin, C.R. [Loyola Univ. of Chicago, Maywood, IL (United States)

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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421

Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Paclitaxel and Nedaplatin Followed by Consolidation Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix: Preliminary Results of a Phase II Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy and toxicities of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) and consolidation chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced squamous cell cervical carcinoma. Methods and Materials: Patients with LASCC (FIGO Stage IIB-IIIB) were treated with pelvic external beam radiotherapy (45 Gy for Stage IIB and 50 Gy for Stage III) and high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy (50 Gy for Stage IIB and 35 Gy for Stage III). The cumulative dose at point A was 50 Gy for Stage IIB and 65 Gy for Stage III. Concurrent chemotherapy with paclitaxel (35 mg/m{sup 2}) and nedaplatin (20 mg/m{sup 2}) was given every week for 6 weeks. Consolidation chemotherapy with paclitaxel (135 mg/m{sup 2}) and nedaplatin (60 mg/m{sup 2}) was administered every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. Results: All patients completed CCRT, and 28 of 34 patients completed consolidation chemotherapy. The complete response rate was 88% (95% CI, 73-96%). The most common Grade 3 or higher toxicities were leukopenia/neutropenia (10.9% of the cycles). During a median follow up of 23 months (range, 14-30 months), 5 patients had locoregional failure and 1 patient had distant metastasis. The estimated 2-year progression-free survival and overall survival were 82% (95% CI, 68-95%) and 93% (95% CI, 83-100%), respectively. Grade 3 late complications occurred in 3 patients (9%). Conclusions: CCRT with paclitaxel and nedaplatin followed by consolidation chemotherapy is well tolerated and effective in patients with locally advanced squamous cell cervical carcinoma. Further randomized trials of comparing this regimen with the standard treatment are worth while.

Zhang Meiqin, E-mail: pianozmq@hotmail.co [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Cancer Hospital, and Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai (China); Liu Suping; Wang, Xiang-E. [Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Cancer Hospital, and Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai (China)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Parotid Gland Dose in Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer: Is What You Plan What You Get?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To quantify the differences between planned and delivered parotid gland and target doses, and to assess the benefits of daily bone alignment for head and neck cancer patients treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Methods and Materials: Eleven head and neck cancer patients received two CT scans per week with an in-room CT scanner over the course of their radiotherapy. The clinical IMRT plans, designed with 3-mm to 4-mm planning margins, were recalculated on the repeat CT images. The plans were aligned using the actual treatment isocenter marked with radiopaque markers (BB) and bone alignment to the cervical vertebrae to simulate image-guided setup. In-house deformable image registration software was used to map daily dose distributions to the original treatment plan and to calculate a cumulative delivered dose distribution for each patient. Results: Using conventional BB alignment led to increases in the parotid gland mean dose above the planned dose by 5 to 7 Gy in 45% of the patients (median, 3.0 Gy ipsilateral, p = 0.026; median, 1.0 Gy contralateral, p = 0.016). Use of bone alignment led to reductions relative to BB alignment in 91% of patients (median, 2 Gy; range, 0.3-8.3 Gy; 15 of 22 parotids improved). However, the parotid dose from bone alignment was still greater than planned (median, 1.0 Gy, p = 0.007). Neither approach affected tumor dose coverage. Conclusions: With conventional BB alignment, the parotid gland mean dose was significantly increased above the planned mean dose. Using daily bone alignment reduced the parotid dose compared with BB alignment in almost all patients. A 3- to 4-mm planning margin was adequate for tumor dose coverage.

O'Daniel, Jennifer C. [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Garden, Adam S.; Schwartz, David L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Wang He [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Ang, Kian K.; Ahamad, Anesa; Rosenthal, David I.; Morrison, William H.; Asper, Joshua A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Zhang Lifei; Tung Shihming; Mohan, Radhe [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Dong Lei [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States)], E-mail: ldong@mdanderson.org

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

423

Using a Reduced Spot Size for Intensity-Modulated Proton Therapy Potentially Improves Salivary Gland-Sparing in Oropharyngeal Cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate whether intensity-modulated proton therapy with a reduced spot size (rsIMPT) could further reduce the parotid and submandibular gland dose compared with previously calculated IMPT plans with a larger spot size. In addition, it was investigated whether the obtained dose reductions would theoretically translate into a reduction of normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCPs). Methods: Ten patients with N0 oropharyngeal cancer were included in a comparative treatment planning study. Both IMPT plans delivered simultaneously 70 Gy to the boost planning target volume (PTV) and 54 Gy to the elective nodal PTV. IMPT and rsIMPT used identical three-field beam arrangements. In the IMPT plans, the parotid and submandibular salivary glands were spared as much as possible. rsIMPT plans used identical dose-volume objectives for the parotid glands as those used by the IMPT plans, whereas the objectives for the submandibular glands were tightened further. NTCPs were calculated for salivary dysfunction and xerostomia. Results: Target coverage was similar for both IMPT techniques, whereas rsIMPT clearly improved target conformity. The mean doses in the parotid glands and submandibular glands were significantly lower for three-field rsIMPT (14.7 Gy and 46.9 Gy, respectively) than for three-field IMPT (16.8 Gy and 54.6 Gy, respectively). Hence, rsIMPT significantly reduced the NTCP of patient-rated xerostomia and parotid and contralateral submandibular salivary flow dysfunction (27%, 17%, and 43% respectively) compared with IMPT (39%, 20%, and 79%, respectively). In addition, mean dose values in the sublingual glands, the soft palate and oral cavity were also decreased. Obtained dose and NTCP reductions varied per patient. Conclusions: rsIMPT improved sparing of the salivary glands and reduced NTCP for xerostomia and parotid and submandibular salivary dysfunction, while maintaining similar target coverage results. It is expected that rsIMPT improves quality of life during and after radiotherapy treatment.

Water, Tara A. van de, E-mail: t.a.van.de.water@rt.umcg.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Lomax, Antony J. [Centre for Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen-PSI (Switzerland); Bijl, Hendrik P.; Schilstra, Cornelis [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Hug, Eugen B. [Centre for Proton Therapy, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen-PSI (Switzerland); Langendijk, Johannes A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Severe Dry Eye Syndrome After Radiotherapy for Head-and-Neck Tumors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To investigate the incidence of severe dry eye syndrome (DES) after external beam radiotherapy for head-and-neck cancer and its dependence on the parameters relevant to external beam radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: The present retrospective study included 78 patients treated for primary extracranial head-and-neck tumors between 1965 and 2000, whose lacrimal apparatus/entire globe was exposed to fractionated external beam radiotherapy. The dose received by the major lacrimal gland was used for analysis. The end point of the present study was the ophthalmologic diagnosis of severe DES leading to vision compromise. Results: Of the 78 patients, 40 developed severe DES leading to visual compromise. The incidence of DES increased steadily from 6% at 35-39.99 Gy to 50% at 45-49.99 Gy and 90% at 60-64.99 Gy. With a mean of 0.9 years (range, 1 month to 3 years), the latency of DES was observed to be a function of the total dose and the dose per fraction. On univariate and multivariate analysis, the total dose (p =}60 Gy. A logistic normal tissue complication probability model fit to our data obtained a dose of 34 and 38 Gy corresponding to a 5% and 10% incidence of DES. Conclusion: With a dose of 34 Gy corresponding to a 5% incidence of DES, the risk of severe DES increased, and the latency decreased with an increase in the total dose and dose per fraction to the lacrimal gland. The effect of chemoradiotherapy and hyperfractionation on the risk of DES needs additional investigation.

Bhandare, Niranjan, E-mail: bhandn@shands.ufl.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Moiseenko, Vitali [Vancouver Cancer Centre, Vancouver, BC (Canada); Song, William Y. [University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA (United States); Morris, Christopher G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States); Bhatti, M. Tariq [Department of Ophthalmology and Medicine (Division of Neurology), Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States); Mendenhall, William M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

425

Hypofractionation vs Conventional Radiation Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma: A Matched-Cohort Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Despite conventional radiation therapy, 54 Gy in single doses of 1.8 Gy (54/1.8 Gy) over 6 weeks, most children with diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) will die within 1 year after diagnosis. To reduce patient burden, we investigated the role of hypofractionation radiation therapy given over 3 to 4 weeks. A 1:1 matched-cohort analysis with conventional radiation therapy was performed to assess response and survival. Methods and Materials: Twenty-seven children, aged 3 to 14, were treated according to 1 of 2 hypofractionation regimens over 3 to 4 weeks (39/3 Gy, n=16 or 44.8/2.8 Gy, n=11). All patients had symptoms for {<=}3 months, {>=}2 signs of the neurologic triad (cranial nerve deficit, ataxia, long tract signs), and characteristic features of DIPG on magnetic resonance imaging. Twenty-seven patients fulfilling the same diagnostic criteria and receiving at least 50/1.8 to 2.0 Gy were eligible for the matched-cohort analysis. Results: With hypofractionation radiation therapy, the overall survival at 6, 9, and 12 months was 74%, 44%, and 22%, respectively. Progression-free survival at 3, 6, and 9 months was 77%, 43%, and 12%, respectively. Temporary discontinuation of steroids was observed in 21 of 27 (78%) patients. No significant difference in median overall survival (9.0 vs 9.4 months; P=.84) and time to progression (5.0 vs 7.6 months; P=.24) was observed between hypofractionation vs conventional radiation therapy, respectively. Conclusions: For patients with newly diagnosed DIPG, a hypofractionation regimen, given over 3 to 4 weeks, offers equal overall survival with less treatment burden compared with a conventional regimen of 6 weeks.

Janssens, Geert O., E-mail: g.janssens@rther.umcn.nl [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Jansen, Marc H. [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Lauwers, Selmer J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Nowak, Peter J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Oldenburger, Foppe R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bouffet, Eric [Department of Hematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada)] [Department of Hematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto (Canada); Saran, Frank [Department of Pediatric Oncology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton (United Kingdom)] [Department of Pediatric Oncology, The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, Sutton (United Kingdom); Kamphuis-van Ulzen, Karin [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Lindert, Erik J. van [Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Neurosurgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Schieving, Jolanda H. [Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Neurology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Boterberg, Tom [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent (Belgium); Kaspers, Gertjan J. [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Pediatric Oncology/Hematology, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Span, Paul N.; Kaanders, Johannes H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Gidding, Corrie E. [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Pediatric Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Hargrave, Darren [Department of Oncology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London (United Kingdom)] [Department of Oncology, Great Ormond Street Hospital, London (United Kingdom)

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Dose Escalation of Total Marrow Irradiation With Concurrent Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced Acute Leukemia Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We have demonstrated that toxicities are acceptable with total marrow irradiation (TMI) at 16 Gy without chemotherapy or TMI at 12 Gy and the reduced intensity regimen of fludarabine/melphalan in patients undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). This article reports results of a study of TMI combined with higher intensity chemotherapy regimens in 2 phase I trials in patients with advanced acute myelogenous leukemia or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (AML/ALL) who would do poorly on standard intent-to-cure HCT regimens. Methods and Materials: Trial 1 consisted of TMI on Days -10 to -6, etoposide (VP16) on Day -5 (60 mg/kg), and cyclophosphamide (CY) on Day -3 (100 mg/kg). TMI dose was 12 (n=3 patients), 13.5 (n=3 patients), and 15 (n=6 patients) Gy at 1.5 Gy twice daily. Trial 2 consisted of busulfan (BU) on Days -12 to -8 (800 {mu}M min), TMI on Days -8 to -4, and VP16 on Day -3 (30 mg/kg). TMI dose was 12 (n=18) and 13.5 (n=2) Gy at 1.5 Gy twice daily. Results: Trial 1 had 12 patients with a median age of 33 years. Six patients had induction failures (IF), and 6 had first relapses (1RL), 9 with leukemia blast involvement of bone marrow ranging from 10%-98%, 5 with circulating blasts (24%-85%), and 2 with chloromas. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed. Eleven patients achieved complete remission at Day 30. With a median follow-up of 14.75 months, 5 patients remained in complete remission from 13.5-37.7 months. Trial 2 had 20 patients with a median age of 41 years. Thirteen patients had IF, and 5 had 1RL, 2 in second relapse, 19 with marrow blasts (3%-100%) and 13 with peripheral blasts (6%-63%). Grade 4 dose-limiting toxicities were seen at 13.5 Gy (stomatitis and hepatotoxicity). Stomatitis was the most frequent toxicity in both trials. Conclusions: TMI dose escalation to 15 Gy is possible when combined with CY/VP16 and is associated with acceptable toxicities and encouraging outcomes. TMI dose escalation is not possible with BU/VP16 due to dose-limiting toxicities. Future efforts will focus on whether further dose escalation with CY/VP16 is safe, with the goal of improving disease control in this high-risk population.

Wong, Jeffrey Y.C., E-mail: jwong@coh.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Forman, Stephen; Somlo, George [Department of Hematology/Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)] [Department of Hematology/Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Rosenthal, Joseph [Department of Hematology/Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States) [Department of Hematology/Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Department of Pediatrics, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Liu An; Schultheiss, Timothy; Radany, Eric [Department of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Palmer, Joycelynne [Department of Biostatistics, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)] [Department of Biostatistics, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States); Stein, Anthony [Department of Hematology/Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)] [Department of Hematology/Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Elektromagnetische Restwechselwirkung  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

E-M Force E-M Force Was hält sie zusammen? Elektromagnetische Restwechselwirkung Atome haben normalerweise dieselbe Anzahl Elektronen wie Protonen. Sie sind elektrisch neutral, weil sich die Ladungen der Protonen und der Elektronen gerade aufheben. Wenn sie aber neutral sind, warum können sie dennoch stabile Moleküle bilden? Die Antwort tönt etwas seltsam: wir haben entdeckt, dass geladene Teile des Atoms mit geladenen Teilen anderer Atome wechselwirken können, ein Effekt, der elektromagnetische Restwechselwirkung genannt wird. Er bewirkt, dass verschiedene Atome zusammenhalten können. Es ist wiederum die e-m Kraft, die es den Atomen ermöglicht, sich zu Molekülen zu verbinden. Auf diese Weise hält die Welt zusammen und so wird auch die Materie gebildet mit der wir ständig in Wechselwirkung stehen. Interessant, nicht wahr? Alle Strukturen der Welt existieren nur deshalb, weil Protonen und Elektronen entgegengesetzt elektrisch geladen sind!

428

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Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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429

NEPA Review Routing Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

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430

Characterization of Epitaxial Film Silicon Solar Cells Grown on Seeded Display Glass: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report characterizations of epitaxial film crystal silicon (c-Si) solar cells with open-circuit voltages (Voc) above 560 mV. The 2-um absorber cells are grown by low-temperature (<750 degrees C) hot-wire CVD (HWCVD) on Corning EAGLE XG display glass coated with a layer-transferred (LT) Si seed. The high Voc is a result of low-defect epitaxial Si (epi-Si) growth and effective hydrogen passivation of defects. The quality of HWCVD epitaxial growth on seeded glass substrates depends on the crystallographic quality of the seed and the morphology of the epitaxial growth surface. Heterojunction devices consist of glass/c-Si LT seed/ epi n+ Si:P/epi n- Si:P/intrinsic a-Si:H/p+ a-Si:H/ITO. Similar devices grown on electronically 'dead' n+ wafers have given Voc {approx}630 mV and {approx}8% efficiency with no light trapping features. Here we study the effects of the seed surface polish on epi-Si quality, how hydrogenation influences the device character, and the dominant junction transport physics.

Young, D. L.; Grover, S.; Teplin, C.; Stradins, P.; LaSalvia, V.; Chuang, T. K.; Couillard, J. G.; Branz, H. M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Measurement of Exclusive $?^0$ Electroproduction Structure Functions and their Relationship to Transverse Generalized Parton Distributions  

SciTech Connect

Exclusive $\\pi^0$ electroproduction at a beam energy of 5.75 GeV has been measured with the Jefferson Lab CLAS spectrometer. Differential cross sections were measured at more than 1800 kinematic values in $Q^2$, $x_B$, $t$, and $\\phi_\\pi$, in the $Q^2$ range from 1.0 to 4.6 GeV$^2$,\\ $-t$ up to 2 GeV$^2$, and $x_B$ from 0.1 to 0.58. Structure functions $\\sigma_T +\\epsilon \\sigma_L, \\sigma_{TT}$ and $\\sigma_{LT}$ were extracted as functions of $t$ for each of 17 combinations of $Q^2$ and $x_B$. The data were compared directly with two handbag-based calculations including both longitudinal and transversity GPDs. Inclusion of only longitudinal GPDs very strongly underestimates $\\sigma_T +\\epsilon \\sigma_L$ and fails to account for $\\sigma_{TT}$ and $\\sigma_{LT}$, while inclusion of transversity GPDs brings the calculations into substantially better agreement with the data. There is very strong sensitivity to the relative contributions of nucleon helicity flip and helicity non-flip processes. The results confirm that exclusive $\\pi^0$ electroproduction offers direct experimental access to the transversity GPDs.

Bedlinskiy, Ivan; Niccolai, Silvia; Stoler, Paul; Adhikari, Krishna; Aghasyan, Mher; Amaryan, Moskov; Anghinolfi, Marco; Avagyan, Harutyun; Baghdasaryan, Hovhannes; Ball, Jacques; Baltzell, Nathan; Battaglieri, Marco; Bennett, Robert; Biselli, Angela; Bookwalter, Craig; Boyarinov, Sergey; Briscoe, William; Brooks, Williams; Burkert, Volker; Carman, Daniel; Celentano, Andrea; Chandavar, Shloka; Charles, Gabriel; Contalbrigo, Marco; Crede, Volker; D'Angelo, Annalisa; Daniel, Aji; Dashyan, Natalya; De Vita, Raffaella; De Sanctis, Enzo; Deur, Alexandre; Djalali, Chaden; Doughty, David; Dupre, Raphael; Egiyan, Hovanes; El Alaoui, Ahmed; Elfassi, Lamiaa; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Eugenio, Paul; Fedotov, Gleb; Fegan, Stuart; Fleming, Jamie; Forest, Tony; Garcon, Michel; Gevorgyan, Nerses; Giovanetti, Kevin; Girod, Francoi-Xavier; Gohn, Wesley; Gothe, Ralf; Graham, Lewis; Griffioen, Keith; Guegan, Baptiste; Guidal, Michel; Guo, Lei; Hafidi, Kawtar; Hakobyan, Hayk; Hanretty, Charles; Heddle, David; Hicks, Kenneth; Holtrop, Maurik; Ilieva, Yordanka; Ireland, David; Ishkhanov, Boris; Isupov, Evgeny; Jo, Hyon-Suk; Joo, Kyungseon; Keller, Dustin; Khanddaker, Mahbubul; Khertarpal, Puneet; Kim, Andrey; Kim, Wooyoung; Klein, Franz; Koirala, Suman; Kubarovsky, A; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kuleshov, Sergey; Kvaltine, Nicholas; Livingston, Kenneth; Lu, Haiyun; MacGregor, Ian; Mao, Yuqing; Markov, Nikolai; Martinez, D; Mayer, Michael; McKinnon, Bryan; Meyer, Curtis; Mineeva, Taisiya; Mirazita, Marco; Mokeev, Viktor; Moutarde, Herve; Munevar Espitia, Edwin; Munoz Camacho, Carlos; Nadel-Turonski, Pawel; Niculescu, Gabriel; Niculescu, Maria-Ioana; Osipenko, Mikhail; Ostrovidov, Alexander; Pappalardo, Luciano; Permuzyan, Rafayel; Park, Kijun; Park, Sungkyun; Pasyuk, Eugene; Pereira, Sergio; Phelps, Evan; Pisano, Silvia; Pogorelko, Oleg; Pozdnyakov, Sergey; Price, John; Procureur, Sebastien; Prok, Yelena; Protopopescu, Dan; Puckett, Andrew; Raue, Brian; Ricco, Giovanni; Rimal, Dipak; Ripani, Marco; Rosner, Guenther; Rossi, Patrizia; Sabatie, Franck; Saini, Mukesh; Salgado, Carlos; Saylor, Nicholas; Schott, Diane; Schumacher, Reinhard; Seder, Erin; Seraydaryan, Heghine; Sharabian, Youri; Smith, Gregory; Sober, Daniel; Sokhan, Daria; Stepanyan, Samuel; Strauch, Steffen; Taiuti, Mauro; Tang, Wei; Taylor, Charles; Tian, Ye; Tkachenko, Svyatoslav; Ungaro, Maurizio; Vineyard, Michael; Vlasov, Alexander; Voskanyan, Hakob; Voutier, Eric; Walford, Natalie; Watts, Daniel; Weinstein, Lawrence; Weygan, Dennis; Wood, Michael; Zachariou, Nicholas; Zhang, Jixie; Zhao, Zhiwen

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Threshold electrodisintegration in the {ital A}=3 system  

SciTech Connect

Inclusive inelastic electron scattering cross sections for {sup 3}H and {sup 3}He were measured for excitation energies below 18 MeV. Longitudinal and transverse response functions were determined from these cross sections for six values of the three-momentum transfer {ital q} in the range 0.88 {lt}{ital q}{lt}2.87 fm{sup {minus}1}. A previously observed {ital C}0 multipole enhancement near threshold in the two-body channel for {sup 3}He is confirmed but is not observed for {sup 3}H. The experimental data are found to be in good agreement with two recent calculations of the longitudinal and transverse response functions. The first uses variational ground-state wave functions and the orthogonal correlated states method to describe the two- and three-body breakup channels. The second uses bound and continuum Faddeev wave functions obtained for a simple central potential. Agreement with the data is good for the first model and better for the second. The inclusion of final-state interactions (FSI) in the Faddeev continuum is found to be very important in these threshold breakup kinematics; in many cases inclusion of FSI changes the response functions by factors of two or three giving excellent agreement with the data. The transverse response functions are well reproduced, even though neither model includes meson exchange currents. Ratios of the response functions for the two nuclei are also well described.

Retzlaff, G.A.; Caplan, H.S.; Hallin, E.L.; Skopik, D.M. [Saskatchewan Accelerator Laboratory, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W0 (Canada)] [Saskatchewan Accelerator Laboratory, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 0W0 (Canada); Beck, D.; Blomqvist, K.I.; Dobson, G.; Dow, K.; Farkhondeh, M.; Flanz, J.; Kowalski, S.; Sapp, W.W.; Sargent, C.P.; Tieger, D.; Turchinetz, W.; Williamson, C.F. [Bates Linear Accelerator Center and Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)] [Bates Linear Accelerator Center and Laboratory for Nuclear Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Dodge, W.; Maruyama, X.K.; Lightbody, J.W. Jr. [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States)] [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Goloskie, R. [Department of Physics, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts 01601 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts 01601 (United States); McCarthy, J.; Ueng, T.S.; Whitney, R.R. [Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22901 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22901 (United States); Quinn, B. [Department of Physics, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Dytman, S.; Von Reden, K. [Department of Physics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Schiavilla, R. [Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Lecce (Italy)] [Instituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Lecce (Italy); Tjon, J.A. [Institute for Nuclear Physics, University of Utrecht, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands)] [Institute for Nuclear Physics, University of Utrecht, 3508 TA Utrecht (Netherlands)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Characterization of Epitaxial Film Silicon Solar Cells Grown on Seeded Display Glass: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report characterizations of epitaxial film crystal silicon (c-Si) solar cells with open-circuit voltages (Voc) above 560 mV. The 2-um absorber cells are grown by low-temperature (EAGLE XG display glass coated with a layer-transferred (LT) Si seed. The high Voc is a result of low-defect epitaxial Si (epi-Si) growth and effective hydrogen passivation of defects. The quality of HWCVD epitaxial growth on seeded glass substrates depends on the crystallographic quality of the seed and the morphology of the epitaxial growth surface. Heterojunction devices consist of glass/c-Si LT seed/ epi n+ Si:P/epi n- Si:P/intrinsic a-Si:H/p+ a-Si:H/ITO. Similar devices grown on electronically 'dead' n+ wafers have given Voc {approx}630 mV and {approx}8% efficiency with no light trapping features. Here we study the effects of the seed surface polish on epi-Si quality, how hydrogenation influences the device character, and the dominant junction transport physics.

Young, D. L.; Grover, S.; Teplin, C.; Stradins, P.; LaSalvia, V.; Chuang, T. K.; Couillard, J. G.; Branz, H. M.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Regmi Research Series ,Year 9, December 1, 1977  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

' Imld 1.J:~y t 1W1\\ qc gl ~.l,tcd a ccordingly. Pl" .!v iducl tit. t ~ltcli ~r;'.l,t ' Ix!.] l L~)t t'.dwrscly c..fr~cL tnt.!. a:\\st: ~ n~:,c l'il>:,t!J of o tl1l, r .rHJ l' ~OijS ' n!J::;t-hrIWW:3 ; 0r' o t her l t.l li ~,icuz f.!lld)WJ:l'.lllts us... ' Imld 1.J:~y t 1W1\\ qc gl ~.l,tcd a ccordingly. Pl" .!v iducl tit. t ~ltcli ~r;'.l,t ' Ix!.] l L~)t t'.dwrscly c..fr~cL tnt.!. a:\\st: ~ n~:,c l'il>:,t!J of o tl1l, r .rHJ l' ~OijS ' n!J::;t-hrIWW:3 ; 0r' o t her l t.l li ~,icuz f.!lld)WJ:l'.lllts us...

Regmi, Mahesh C

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Lower-Temperature Subsurface Layout and Ventilation Concepts  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This analysis combines work scope identified as subsurface facility (SSF) low temperature (LT) Facilities System and SSF LT Ventilation System in the Technical Work Plan for Subsurface Design Section FY 01 Work Activities (CRWMS M&O 2001b, pp. 6 and 7, and pp. 13 and 14). In accordance with this technical work plan (TWP), this analysis is performed using AP-3.10Q, Analyses and Models. It also incorporates the procedure AP-SI.1Q, Software Management. The purpose of this analysis is to develop an overall subsurface layout system and the overall ventilation system concepts that address a lower-temperature operating mode for the Monitored Geologic Repository (MGR). The objective of this analysis is to provide a technical design product that supports the lower-temperature operating mode concept for the revision of the system description documents and to provide a basis for the system description document design descriptions. The overall subsurface layout analysis develops and describes the overall subsurface layout, including performance confirmation facilities (also referred to as Test and Evaluation Facilities) for the Site Recommendation design. This analysis also incorporates current program directives for thermal management.

Christine L. Linden; Edward G. Thomas

2001-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

Low-pressure hydrocracking of coal-derived Fischer-Tropsch waxes to diesel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal-derived low-temperature Fischer-Tropsch (LTFT) wax was hydrocracked at pressures of 3.5-7.0 MPa using silica-alumina-supported sulfided NiW/NiMo and an unsulfided noble metal catalyst, modified with MoO{sub 3}. A low-pressure operation at 3.5 MPa produced a highly isomerized diesel, having low cloud points (from -12 to -28{sup o}C) combined with high cetane numbers (69-73). These properties together with the extremely low sulfur ({lt}5 ppm) and aromatic ({lt}0.5%) contents place coal/liquid (CTL) derived distillates as highly valuable blending components to achieve Eurograde diesel specifications. The upgrading of coal-based LTFT waxes through hydrocracking to high-quality diesel fuel blend components in combination with commercial-feasible coal-integrated gasification combined cycle (coal-IGCC) CO{sub 2} capture and storage schemes should make CTL technology more attractive. 28 refs., 7 figs., 8 tabs.

Dieter Leckel [Sasol Technology Research and Development, Sasolburg (South Africa). Fischer-Tropsch Refinery Catalysis

2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

437

Single and Double Spin Asymmetry Measurements in Semi-Inclusive and Inclusive DIS on Polarized He-3  

SciTech Connect

Jefferson Lab experiment E06-010 measured the target-single spin (SSA) and double spin asymmetries (DSA) in semi-inclusive deep inelastic pion electroproduction on a transversely polarized He-3 target. The measured asymmetry (A_UT) is sensitive to the nucleon transversity and Sivers distribution functions, whereas the measured A_LT asymmetry is related to the transverse momentum dependent PDF g_1T. The kinematics were chosen to be in the valence quark region with x ~ 0.16-0.35 and Q^2 ~ 1.4-2.7 GeV^2. The Collins moment, which is sensitive to transversity, the Sivers and A_LT moments, which are sensitive to the orbital motion of the quarks, were extracted using the azimuthal angular dependence of the measured asymmetries. These data, when combined with the data from other experiments on transversely polarized proton and deuteron targets, will help in extracting the nucleon transverse momentum dependent distribution functions via a global analysis. These semi-inclusive results will be presented and discussed along with the preliminary results for the inclusive single spin asymmetries.

Sulkosky, Vincent A. [MIT; Allada, Kalyan C. [JLAB

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Zigzagging causality EPR model: answer to Vigier and coworkers and to Sutherland  

SciTech Connect

The concept of propagation in time of Vigier and co-workers (V et al.) implies the ideal of a supertime; it is thus alien to most Minkowskian pictures and certainly to the authors. From this stems much of V et al.'s misunderstandings of his position. In steady motion of a classical fluid nobody thinks that momentum conservation is violated, or that momentum is shot upstream without cause because of the suction from the sinks. Similarly with momentum-energy in spacetime and the acceptance of an advanced causality. As for the CT invariance of the Feynman propagator, the causality asymmetry it entails is factlike, not lawlike. The geometrical counterpart of the symmetry between prediction and retrodiction and between retarded and advanced waves, as expressed in the alternative expressions = = for a transition amplitude between a preparation lt. slashA> and a measurement lt. slashB>, is CPT-invariant, not PT-invariant. These three expressions respectively illustrate the collapse, the retrocollapse, and the symmetric collapse-and-retrocollapse concepts. As for Sutherland's argument, what it falsifies is not the authors retrocausation concept but the hidden-variables assumption he has unwittingly made.

de Beauregard, O.C.

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Trilepton Higgs boson signal at hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

Most Higgs boson searches pursued at hadron colliders require Yukawa interactions either in the production or the decay of a Higgs boson. We propose a trilepton Higgs boson search based only upon the gauge interactions of the Higgs boson. This strategy can be utilized successfully for the standard model (SM) Higgs boson as well as nonstandard Higgs bosons which break electroweak symmetry but have little to do with fermion mass generation. The trileptons come from Wh production followed by Wh{r_arrow}WWW{sup ({asterisk})}{r_arrow}3l decays. A SM Higgs trilepton signal would be difficult to detect at the Fermilab Tevatron collider: with 100fb{sup {minus}1} of data, only a 3{sigma} signal above background can be achieved after cuts if 140GeV{lt}m{sub h{sub sm}{sup 0}}{lt}175GeV. Some discrimination of signal over background can be gained by analyzing the opposite sign dilepton p{sub T} distributions. At the CERN LHC with 30(100)fb{sup {minus}1} a clear discovery above the 5{sigma} level is possible for a Higgs boson mass in the range 140{endash}185(125{endash}200)GeV. Prospects for a trilepton Higgs boson discovery are greatly improved for models with nonstandard Higgs boson sectors where a Higgs boson couples preferentially to vector bosons rather than to fermions. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Baer, H. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida32306 (United States); Wells, J.D. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanford University, Stanford, California94309 (United States)

1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 14, 10 May 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

O{Psf] sfo{qmddf ;+3if{ Aof08sf ;Gtf]if kl/of/, ;Gtf]if u'?, ;'lbk alzi7, ;'/h / u0f]zn] nfO{e sG;6{ k|:t't u/]sf lyP . To:t} g]kfnsf rrL{t o'jf ufos k|sfz kf}8]n, ;GWof u|'k, td' af}4 ;]jf ;dfhssf snfsf/x?n] uLt g[To k|:t't u/]sf lyP . em08} $ 306f... 'ofPsf] lyof] . pgn] 8]9 jif{cl3 cd]l/sL gful/s;Fu} ljx] u/]/ pt} 3/hd ul;s]sLl5g . ;ft dlxgf cl3 cd]l/sf k'u]sL gflosf k'hf rGb afN6Ldf]/sf] Ps Aofkfl/s s]Gb|df sfd ub}{ df]8\\ln\\ lt/ nfUg] tof/Ldf l5g . cf7 jif{ cl3 k'u]sf nf]s ufos k|]d/fhf dxtn] cd...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

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441

LOW-FREQUENCY QUASI-PERIODIC OSCILLATION FROM THE 11 Hz ACCRETING PULSAR IN TERZAN 5: NOT FRAME DRAGGING  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report on six RXTE observations taken during the 2010 outburst of the 11 Hz accreting pulsar IGR J17480-2446 located in the globular cluster Terzan 5. During these observations we find power spectra which resemble those seen in Z-type high-luminosity neutron star low-mass X-ray binaries, with a quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) in the 35-50 Hz range simultaneous with a kHz QPO and broadband noise. Using well-known frequency-frequency correlations, we identify the 35-50 Hz QPOs as the horizontal branch oscillations, which were previously suggested to be due to Lense-Thirring (LT) precession. As IGR J17480-2446 spins more than an order of magnitude more slowly than any of the other neutron stars where these QPOs were found, this QPO cannot be explained by frame dragging. By extension, this casts doubt on the LT precession model for other low-frequency QPOs in neutron stars and perhaps even black hole systems.

Altamirano, D.; Van der Klis, M.; Wijnands, R. [Astronomical Institute, 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098XH Amsterdam (Netherlands); Ingram, A. [Department of Physics, University of Durham, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE (United Kingdom); Linares, M.; Homan, J., E-mail: d.altamirano@uva.nl [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

A Bayesian Inference Analysis of the X-ray Cluster Luminosity-Temperature Relation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a Bayesian inference analysis of the Markevitch (1998) and Allen & Fabian (1998) cooling flow corrected X-ray cluster temperature catalogs that constrains the slope and the evolution of the empirical X-ray cluster luminosity-temperature (L-T) relation. We find that for the luminosity range 10^44.5 erg s^-1 < L_bol < 10^46.5 erg s^-1 and the redshift range z < 0.5, L_bol is proportional to T^2.80(+0.15/-0.15)(1+z)^(0.91-1.12q_0)(+0.54/-1.22). We also determine the L-T relation that one should use when fitting the Press- Schechter mass function to X-ray cluster luminosity catalogs such as the Einstein Medium Sensitivity Survey (EMSS) and the Southern Serendipitous High- Redshift Archival ROSAT Catalog (Southern SHARC), for which cooling flow corrected luminosities are not determined and a universal X-ray cluster temperature of T = 6 keV is assumed. In this case, L_bol is proportional to T^2.65(+0.23/-0.20)(1+z)^(0.42-1.26q_0)(+0.75/-0.83) for the same luminosity and redshift ranges.

D. E. Reichart; F. J. Castander; R. C. Nichol

1998-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

443

Biochemical and Structural Characterization of Lysophosphatidic Acid Binding by a Humanized Monoclonal Antibody  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a common product of glycerophospholipid metabolism and an important mediator of signal transduction. Aberrantly high LPA concentrations accompany multiple disease states. One potential approach for treatment of these diseases, therefore, is the therapeutic application of antibodies that recognize and bind LPA as their antigen. We have determined the X-ray crystal structure of an anti-LPA antibody (LT3015) Fab fragment in its antigen-free form to 2.15 {angstrom} resolution and in complex with two LPA isotypes (14:0 and 18:2) to resolutions of 1.98 and 2.51 {angstrom}, respectively. The variable CDR (complementarity-determining region) loops at the antigen binding site adopt nearly identical conformations in the free and antigen-bound crystal structures. The crystallographic models reveal that the LT3015 antibody employs both heavy- and light-chain CDR loops to create a network of eight hydrogen bonds with the glycerophosphate head group of its LPA antigen. The head group is almost completely excluded from contact with solvent, while the hydrocarbon tail is partially solvent-exposed. In general, mutation of amino acid residues at the antigen binding site disrupts LPA binding. However, the introduction of particular mutations chosen strategically on the basis of the structures can positively influence LPA binding affinity. Finally, these structures elucidate the exquisite specificity demonstrated by an anti-lipid antibody for binding a structurally simple and seemingly unconstrained target molecule.

J Fleming; J Wojciak; M Campbell; T Huxford

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

444

Study of possible systematics in the L*X - Ta* correlation of Gamma Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs) are the most energetic sources in the universe and among the farthest known astrophysical sources. These features make them appealing candidates as standard candles for cosmological applications so that studying the physical mechanisms for the origin of the emission and correlations among their observable properties is an interesting task. We consider here the luminosity L*X - break time Ta* (hereafter LT) correlation and investigate whether there are systematics induced by selection effects or redshift dependent calibra- tion. We perform this analysis both for the full sample of 77 GRBs with known redshift and for the subsample of GRBs having canonical X-ray light curves, hereafter called U0095 sample. We do not find any systematic bias thus con- firming the existence of physical GRB subclasses revealed by tight correlations of their afterglow properties. Furthermore, we study the possibility of applying the LT correlation as a redshift estimator both for the full distribution and for the canonical lightcurves. The large uncertainties and the non negligible intrin- sic scatter make the results not so encouraging, but there are nevertheless some hints motivating a further analysis with an increased U0095 sample.

M. G. Dainotti; V. F. Cardone; S. Capozziello; M. Ostrowski; R. Willingale

2011-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Polyakov loop and the hadron resonance gas model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Polyakov loop has been used repeatedly as an order parameter in the deconfinement phase transition in QCD. We argue that, in the confined phase, its expectation value can be represented in terms of hadronic states, similarly to the hadron resonance gas model for the pressure. Specifically, L(T) \\approx 1/2\\sum_\\alpha g_\\alpha e^(-\\Delta_\\alpha/T), where g_\\alpha are the degeneracies and \\Delta_\\alpha are the masses of hadrons with exactly one heavy quark (the mass of the heavy quark itself being subtracted). We show that this approximate sum rule gives a fair description of available lattice data with N_f=2+1 at low temperatures by using the spectrum of hadrons containing one charmed quark, and the \\bar{MS}-scheme charmed quark mass. A direct fit to this latter quantity yields a close value, m_c=1280_{-44}^{+29}MeV. The lattice data are well reproduced by a simplified version of this formula, L(T)= N_f(2N_f+3)e^(-\\Delta/T), for T < 200 MeV and Delta=913(2)MeV. We argue that this number should be Delta ...

Megias, E; Salcedo, L L

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

447

Reply to comment by J. Ganguly on Evaluation of thermobarometers for garnet peridotites'  

SciTech Connect

In the authors' 1984 and subsequent papers (Finnerty and Boyd, 1987; Finnerty, 1989) they evaluated more than 650 combinations of thermometers and barometers. Where possible they have used thermodynamic or mathematic formulations that authors have derived from their data. In cases where such formulations were either not provided or were incomplete, they have fitted data by the simplest possible procedures. Equation 9a of Lane and Ganguly (1980) requires calculation of the term X{sub Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}}{sup Opx} from analytical data in the form of weight-percent oxides. No procedure was given in their paper for calculation of this quantity. Different methods are required depending upon site occupancy models and upon whether the effects of components other than Mg, Al, and Si (MAS) are considered. Limiting their consideration to the MAS system, the authors tested alternate definitions of X{sub Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}}{sup Opx} by calculating P-T values for garnet peridotite xenoliths from northern Lesotho and comparing the estimates to those presented by Lane and Ganguly (1980, Fig. 5 LG80). When X{sub Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}}{sup Opx} was calculated as Al/(Al + 2Si), where the chemical symbols refer to the numbers of the respective cations calculated from the chemical analysis on a 6-oxygen basis, their estimates agreed with those in the Lane and Ganguly (1980) paper, insofar as could be determined by comparison with their Fig. 5. This formula was transferred into Program TEMPEST, and a plot generated with it was used as the basis for remarks in the text of the authors' paper. These remarks are correct, but an error was made in assembling the accompanying figures. A preliminary estimate calculated with the formula Al/(Al + Si) was inadvertently substituted for the correct figure and was included in their published paper (Fig. 4F). Pressure estimates in the invalid figure are low by about 10 kbar. The correct version of the original Fig. 4F is presented herein as Fig. 1.

Finnerty, A.A. (Balance Hydrologics, Inc., Berkeley, CA (United States)); Boyd, F.R. (Carnegie Institution of Washington, DC (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Upscaling Reaction Rate Laws In Geochemical Reactive Transport Using Pore-Scale Network Models Dmitri Kavetski1,2,#, Catherine A. Peters1,$, Michael A. Celia1 and Brent Lindquist3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Rutile, Pyrite GY BR Q Pore space Chemical Reactions and Kinetic Rate Laws Primary interest: acid geosequestration studies *aquifer remediation *nuclear waste disposal *other applications Reactive processes occur and examines whether reaction rates applicable at the pore-scale, O(10-100m), are realistic at larger continuum

Peters, Catherine A.

449

Prevalence rate of thyroid diseases among autopsy cases of the atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima, 1951-1985  

SciTech Connect

To examine the radiogenic risk of latent thyroid cancer, thyroid adenoma, colloid/adenomatous goiter and chronic thyroiditis, the date for 3821 subjects collected in the course of autopsies of atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima from 1951 to 1985 by the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) were analyzed using a logistic model. About 80% of the autopsies were performed at RERF and the remainder at local hospitals. The frequencies of the above diseases were not associated with whether the underlying cause of death was cancer. However, note that our results may be influenced by potentially biasing factors associated with autopsy selection. The relative frequency of latent thyroid cancer (greatest dimension {le}1.5 cm but detectable on a routine microscopic slide of the thyroid gland) increased as the radiation dose increased and was about 1.4-fold greater at 1 Gy than in the 0-Gy dose group. The relative occurrence of thyroid adenoma also increased as radiation dose increased, and was about 1.5-fold greater at 1 Gy than in the 0-Gy dose group. Sex, age at the time of the bombing or period of observation did not significantly modify the radiogenic risks for thyroid adenoma or latent thyroid cancer. No statistically significant association was found between radiation exposure and the rates of colloid/adenomatous goiter and chronic thyroiditis. The possible late effect of atomic bomb radiation on the frequency of benign thyroid diseases is discussed on the basis of these data. 38 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs.

Yoshimoto, Yasuhiko; Ezaki, Haruo [Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan); Etoh, Ryozo [Fukuyama Hospital, Kagoshima (Japan); Hiraoka, Toshio [Kawaishi Hospital, Hiroshima (Japan); Akiba, Suminori [Kagoshima Univ. (Japan)

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Radiation-related posterior lenticular opacities in Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bomb survivors based on the DS86 dosimetry system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper investigates the quantitative relationship of ionizing radiation to the occurrence of posterior lenticular opacities among the survivors of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki suggested by the DS86 dosimetry system. DS86 doses are available for 1983 (93.4%) of the 2124 atomic bomb survivors analyzed in 1982. The DS86 kerma neutron component for Hiroshima survivors is much smaller than its comparable T65DR component, but still 4.2-fold higher (0.38 Gy at 6 Gy) than that in Nagasaki (0.09 Gy at 6 Gy). Thus, if the eye is especially sensitive to neutrons, there may yet be some useful information on their effects, particularly in Hiroshima. The dose-response relationship has been evaluated as a function of the separately estimated gamma-ray and neutron doses. Among several different dose-response models without and with two thresholds, we have selected as the best model the one with the smallest x2 or the largest log likelihood value associated with the goodness of fit. The best fit is a linear gamma-linear neutron relationship which assumes different thresholds for the two types of radiation. Both gamma and neutron regression coefficients for the best fitting model are positive and highly significant for the estimated DS86 eye organ dose.

Otake, M.; Schull, W.J. (Radiation Effects Research Foundation, Hiroshima (Japan))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

DOE-STD-1153-2002; A Graded Approach for Evaluating Radiation Doses to Aquatic and Terrestrial Biota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 METHODS DERIVATION MODULE 3: METHODS DERIVATION DOE-STD-1153-2002 INTENTIONALLY BLANK DOE-STD-1153-2002 M3-1 1 Introduction and Basis for the Approach The Department of Energy (DOE) currently has in place a radiation dose limit of 1 rad/d (10 mGy/d) for the protection of aquatic organisms (DOE Order 5400.5), and has proposed dose limits for both aquatic and terrestrial organisms. These limits are: 1 rad/d (10 mGy/d) for aquatic animals; 1 rad/d (10 mGy/d) for terrestrial plants; and 0.1 rad/d (1 mGy/d) for terrestrial animals. Because the biota protection limits are dose-based, a calculational method is needed to demonstrate compliance. In theory, derived radionuclide concentration limits for environmental media (e.g., Biota Concentration Guides, BCGs, for water, sediment, or soil) provide a relatively straightforward and simple means to do so. However, because of the

452

HyMotion GEN 2 Fact Sheet - backup.pdf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1.6 seconds 1.6 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 19.3 seconds Maximum Speed: 78.9 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 106.5 MPH Charge Sustaining: Acceleration 0-60 MPH Time: 12.4 seconds Acceleration 1/4 Mile Time: 19.8 seconds Maximum Speed: 76.7 MPH Acceleration 1 Mile Maximum Speed: 107.0 MPH Brake Test @ 60 MPH Distance Required: 153.0 ft UDDS Fuel Economy 6 HWFET Fuel Economy 6 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed gy gy (kWh) 7 Distance (miles) Fuel Economy (mpg) AC Energy Consumed gy gy (kWh) 7 10 157.8 2.03 10 92.0 1.57 20 164.4 4.03 20 102.3 3.10 40 119.0 4.95 40 91.3 4.66 60 97.6 4.98 60 79.0 4.66 80 87.0 4.98 80 73.0 4.66 100 80.7 4.98 100 69.5 4.66 200 68.0 4.98 200 62.4 4.66 Fuel Economy with A/C Off 1 Cold Start Charge Depleting 2 : Fuel Economy: 155.2 MPG A AC kWh Consumed 7 : 0.204 kWh/mi Charge Depleting

453

Rationale for and Preliminary Results of Proton Beam Therapy for Mediastinal Lymphoma  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To evaluate the potential of three-dimensional proton beam therapy (3D-PBT) for reducing doses to normal structures in patients with mediastinal lymphomas compared with conventional photon radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: We treated 10 consecutive patients with mediastinal masses from lymphomas with 3D-PBT between July 2007 and February 2009 to 30.6-50.4 cobalt-Gray equivalents (CGE). Of those patients, 7 had primary refractory or recurrent disease, and 8 had Hodgkin lymphoma. Dosimetric endpoints were compared with those from conventional RT plans. Results: PBT delivered lower mean doses to the lung (6.2 vs. 9.5 Gy), esophagus (9.5 vs. 22.3 Gy), and heart (8.8 vs. 17.7 Gy) but not the breasts (5.9 vs. 6.1 Gy) than did conventional RT. Percentages of lung, esophagus, heart, and coronary artery (particularly the left anterior descending artery) volumes receiving radiation were consistently lower in the 3D-PBT plans over a wide range of radiation doses. Of the 7 patients who had residual disease on positron emission tomography before PBT, 6 (86%) showed a complete metabolic response. Conclusions: In patients with mediastinal lymphomas, 3D-PBT produced significantly lower doses to the lung, esophagus, heart, and coronary arteries than did the current conventional RT. These lower doses would be expected to reduce the risk of late toxicities in these major organs.

Li Jing; Dabaja, Bouthaina; Reed, Valerie; Allen, Pamela K.; Cai, Haihong; Amin, Mayankkumar V.; Garcia, John A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Cox, James D., E-mail: jcox@mdanderson.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

420 W. 118th Street, New York, New York 10027 | energypolicy.columbia.edu | @ColumbiaUEnergy Center on Global Energy Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Global Energy Policy #12;About thE CEntEr on GlobAl EnErGy PoliCy The Center on Global Energy Policy be matched by changes in our energy policy. Decision makers will be required, increasingly, to consider new are implementing energy policies, no matter what country they hail from, must balance the economic and security

Qian, Ning

455

FY 2013 Budget Request to Congress for DOE's Office of Sciencefor DOE's Office of Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Biosystems by design targeting the development of synthetic biologyy y g g g p y gy tools and technologies biofuels and bioproducts. Modeling and simulation using SC's Leadership Computing Facilities for sustainable production of biofuels and Iterative engineering Design engineering Genomics and analysisp

456

Radioprotective Effect of Lidocaine on Function and Ultrastructure of Salivary Glands Receiving Fractionated Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Radiation-induced xerostomia still represents a common side effect after radiotherapy for head-and-neck malignancies. The aim of the present study was to examine the radioprotective effect of lidocaine hydrochloride during fractionated radiation in an experimental animal model. Methods and Materials: To evaluate the influence of different radiation doses on salivary gland function and the radioprotective effect of lidocaine, rabbits were irradiated with 15, 25, 30, and 35 Gy (equivalent doses in 2-Gy fractions equivalent to 24, 40, 48, and 56 Gy, respectively). Lidocaine hydrochloride (10 and 12 mg/kg) was administered before every radiation fraction in the treatment groups. Salivary gland function was assessed by flow sialometry and sialoscintigraphy, and the morphologic changes were evaluated using transmission electron microscopy. Results: Functional impairment was first observed after 35 Gy and pretreatment with lidocaine improved radiation tolerance of both parotid and submandibular glands. The use of 12 mg/kg lidocaine was superior and displayed significant radioprotection with regard to flow sialometry and sialoscintigraphy. The ultrastructure was largely preserved after pretreatment with both lidocaine doses. Conclusions: Lidocaine represents an effective radioprotective agent and a promising approach for clinical application to avoid radiation-induced functional impairment of salivary glands.

Hakim, Samer George, E-mail: samer.hakim@mkg-chir.mu-luebeck.de [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Benedek, Geza Attila [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Su Yuxiong [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Guanghua (China); Jacobsen, Hans Christian [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Klinger, Matthias [Institute of Anatomy, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Dendorfer, Andreas [Institute of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Hemmelmann, Claudia [Institute of Medical Biometry and Statistics, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Meller, Birgit [Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Nadrowitz, Roger; Rades, Dirk [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Sieg, Peter [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

457

Assessment of NGCC Vice President  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and emissions data from public sources: EPA, eGRID, EIA-923 operations reports, Energy Commission siting://energy.ca.gov/sitingcases. ­ The Database of California Power Plants provides a comprehensive list in spreadsheet form. EPA eGRID and DOE://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/ener gy-resources/egrid/index.html http://www.eia.doe.gov/bookshelf.html #12;

458

Assessment of Natural Gas Combined Cycle (NGCC) Plants with  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Did Assembled design, capacity factor, and emissions data from public sources: EPA, eGRID, EIA-923 list in spreadsheet form. EPA eGRID and DOE EIA databases provide unit-by-unit data on rated capacity, fuel consumption, CO2 production, etc. http://www.epa.gov/cleanenergy/ener gy-resources/egrid

459

Adaptive and reverse adaptive responses for chromosomal inversions...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a response which can protect from inversion induction within four hours of high dose irradiation. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 0 0.01 1 1000 1000+0.01 1000+1 Dose (mGy) M e a n in v e r s io n fr...

460

OAK FMSXSE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

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461

Laying a Foundation for Global Leadership  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Broadcasting. The two prizes carry monetary awards of $15,000 and $5,000, respectively. Sarah Vaden (aerospace class,Vaden used compressed gases to change the tone of a drum on the fly, while the drummer was playingGia institute of technoloGy InVenture Prize winners were Patrick Whaley (left) and Sarah Vaden (center). return

Wang, Yuhang

462

DOE-1 USERS GUIDE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IlCVRElJ ENEIlGY (G8TUJ WASTED RCVRA8L ENERGY CG8TUJ HEAT ENENERGY (G8TU! WASTED RCYRASL ENERGY (G8TUI HEAT EN INPUTI GBTIJ I IGSTUI WASTED RCVREO ENERGY IGBrUI RCVRA~L ENERGY

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

High energy electron beam curing of epoxy resin systems incorporating cationic photoinitiators  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mixture of epoxy resins such as a semi-solid triglycidyl ether of tris (hydroxyphenyl) methane and a low viscosity bisphenol A glycidyl ether and a cationic photoinitiator such as a diaryliodonium salt is cured by irradiating with a dosage of electron beams from about 50 to about 150 kGy, forming a cross-linked epoxy resin polymer.

Janke, Christopher J. (Powell, TN); Lopata, Vincent J. (Manitoba, CA); Havens, Stephen J. (Knoxville, TN); Dorsey, George F. (Farragut, TN); Moulton, Richard J. (Lafayette, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Network of Centers for Very Small Entities (VSEs)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the experience of the traveler with friends. · Used the Basic software engineering Profile · Roles have been completed in Canada · Large Engineering Company - 1 · Offers a range of services in the production of hydro-electric, wind, geothermal, solar or biomass-related energy.g gy · Company established 10 years ago, · Over 260

Québec, Université du

465

Effects of radiation on frequency of chromosomal aberrations and sister chromatid exchange in the benthic worm Neanthes arenaceodentata  

SciTech Connect

Traditional bioassays are unsuitable for assessing sublethal effects of low levels of radioactivity because mortality and phenotypic responses are not anticipated. We compared the usefulness of chromosomal aberration (CA) and sister chromatid exchange (SCE) induction as measures of low-level radiation effects in a sediment-dwelling marine worm, Neanthes arenaceodentata. Newly hatched larvae were exposed to two radiation exposure regimes. Groups of 100 larvae were exposed to either x rays delivered at high dose rates (0.7 Gy min/sup -1/) or to /sup 60/Co gamma rays delivered at low dose rates (4.8 X 10/sup -5/ to 1.2 X 10/sup -1/ Gy h/sup -1/). After irradiation, the larvae were exposed to 3 X 10/sup -5/M bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd) for 28 h (x-ray-irradiated larvae) or for 54 h (/sup 60/Co-irradiated larvae). Slides of larval cells were prepared for observation of CAs and SCEs. Frequencies of CAs were determined in first division cells; frequencies of SCEs were determined in second division cells. Results from x-ray irradiation indicated that dose-related increases occur in chromosome and chromatid deletions, but an x-ray dose greater than or equal to 2 Gy was required to observe a significant increase. Worm larvae receiving /sup 60/Co irradiation showed elevated SCE frequencies; a significant increase in SCE frequency was observed at 0.6 Gy. 49 references, 2 figures.

Harrison, F.L.; Rice, D.W. Jr.; Moore, D.H.; Varela, M.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Subsurface mass transport affects the radioxenon signatures that are used to identify clandestine nuclear tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

detail. In nuclear accidents such as that in Fukushima, a high radiation dose of a few Gy can be absorbed reconstruction for the Fukushima event carried out by Garnier-Laplace et al.,1 the maxi- mum dose rates for 131 I-Seiller, K.; Hinton, T. G. Fukushima wildlife dose reconstruction signals ecological consequen- ces. Environ

Deinert, Mark

467

Radiation inhibition of intimal hyperplasia after arterial injury  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To demonstrate the effect of {gamma} radiation on proliferating smooth muscle cells in vivo, a standardized bilateral carotid balloon catheter arterial injury was produced in 45 rats and doses from 0-20 Gy were delivered to the right carotid artery at 24 h after injury. At 20 days after injury, cross-sectional area of intima was determined from axial histological sections. Compared to contralateral, nonirradiated balloon-injured arteries, radiation produced a significant dose-dependent reduction in intimal cross-sectional area, with a 50% decrease at 5-7.5 Gy. To determine the effect of timing of irradiation on intimal hyperplasia, 30 rats with bilateral carotid injury received unilateral cervical irradiation at doses of 1,5 or 10 Gy administered at either 1,3 or 5 days after injury. The radiation dose, timing of irradiation and an interaction between timing and dose were significantly associated with reduction in neointimal cross-sectional area. To determine the effects of radiation on intimal hyperplasia at later intervals, rats irradiated with 15 or 20 Gy were euthanized at 3 months after injury. A significant persistent reduction in intimal cross-sectional area for irradiated arteries at 3 months was associated with minimal apparent radiation effects upon adjacent tissue. These data suggest that external {gamma} irradiation at the single doses used effectively inhibits smooth muscle proliferation and intimal hyperlasia in the rat balloon catheter injury model in a time- and dose-dependent manner. 54 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Mayberg, M.R.; Luo, Z.; London, S.; Gajdusek, C.; Rasey, J.S. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Functional Proteomic Pattern Identification under Low Dose Ionizing Radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to explore and to understand the dynamic responses of signaling pathways to low dose ionizing radiation (IR). Low dose radiation (10 cGy or lower) affects several signaling pathways including DNA repair, survival, cell cycle, ... Keywords: low dose radiation, functional proteomics

Young Bun Kim; Jean Gao; Ying Dong; Chin-Rang Yang

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Postimplant Dosimetry Using a Monte Carlo Dose Calculation Engine: A New Clinical Standard  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To use the Monte Carlo (MC) method as a dose calculation engine for postimplant dosimetry. To compare the results with clinically approved data for a sample of 28 patients. Two effects not taken into account by the clinical calculation, interseed attenuation and tissue composition, are being specifically investigated. Methods and Materials: An automated MC program was developed. The dose distributions were calculated for the target volume and organs at risk (OAR) for 28 patients. Additional MC techniques were developed to focus specifically on the interseed attenuation and tissue effects. Results: For the clinical target volume (CTV) D{sub 90} parameter, the mean difference between the clinical technique and the complete MC method is 10.7 Gy, with cases reaching up to 17 Gy. For all cases, the clinical technique overestimates the deposited dose in the CTV. This overestimation is mainly from a combination of two effects: the interseed attenuation (average, 6.8 Gy) and tissue composition (average, 4.1 Gy). The deposited dose in the OARs is also overestimated in the clinical calculation. Conclusions: The clinical technique systematically overestimates the deposited dose in the prostate and in the OARs. To reduce this systematic inaccuracy, the MC method should be considered in establishing a new standard for clinical postimplant dosimetry and dose-outcome studies in a near future.

Carrier, Jean-Francois [Departement de Radio-Oncologie, et Centre de Recherche du CHUM, Hopital Notre-Dame du CHUM, Montreal, Quebec (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada)]. E-mail: jean-francois.carrier.chum@ssss.gouv.qc.ca; D' Amours, Michel [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Verhaegen, Frank [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Reniers, Brigitte [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Martin, Andre-Guy [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Vigneault, Eric [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada); Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Radio-Oncologie et Centre de Recherche en Cancerologie de Universite Laval, CHUQ Pavillon Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Quebec (Canada)

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

470

High Energy Cosmic Rays  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Hebbeker Radiation Exposure of Humans Natural sources: ~ 1 m Sv / year ~ 1 m Gy / year ~ 0,1 J / year Technical sources: ~ 1 m Sv / Jahr ~ natural exposure Air (Radon) internal radioactivity (K-40) cosmics Increased of Cosmic Radiation Nobel 1936 1912 Viktor Hess 1912 #12;T.Hebbeker Electrometer Measurements V. Hess

Hebbeker, Thomas

471

ExPLORATiON YGS Activities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Placer Mining Oil and Gas Yukon Mining incentives Program 2009 #12;Yukon Exploration and GEoloGY 2009 185YukON ExPLORATiON & GEOLOGY OVERViEW YGS Activities Hardrock Mining, development & Exploration composition of platinum group minerals and their inclusions from several Yukon placers. In: Yukon Exploration

Bodnar, Robert J.

472

JOM January 201148 www.tms.org/jom.html OverviewOverviewNanomaterials for Renewable Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

JOM · January 201148 www.tms.org/jom.html OverviewOverviewNanomaterials for Renewable Energy Global to fundamental advances in direct renewable energy and ener- gy storage and conversion which are needed to enable renewable energy and meet the general energy challenges and associated environmental effects. This paper

473

Computing and Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

8 Faculty of Computing and Information Science Faculty of Computing and Information Science The concepts, modes of thought, and technology of computing and information science have fundamentally extended- versities respond? Cornell hit upon a unique strate- gy: create a college-level Faculty of Computing

Keinan, Alon

474

Entrance surface dose in cerebral interventional radiology procedures  

SciTech Connect

At the Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirugia (INNN) diagnostic as well as therapeutic procedures of interventional radiology are carried out. Since the procedures can last from some minutes to several hours, the absorbed dose for the patient could increase dangerously. An investigation had begun in order to determine the entrance surface dose (ESD) using 25 thermoluminiscent dosimeters TLD-100 and 8 strips of 15 Multiplication-Sign 1 cm{sup 2} of Gafchromic XR-QA2 film bound in a holder of 15 Multiplication-Sign 15 cm{sup 2} in the posteroanterior (PA) and lateral (LAT) positions during all the procedure. The results show that maximum ESD could be from 0.9 to 2.9 Gy for the PA position and between 1.6 and 2.5 Gy for the lateral position. The average ESD was between 0.7 and 1.3 Gy for the PA position, and from 0.44 to 1.1 Gy for the lateral position in a therapeutic procedure.

Barrera-Rico, M.; Lopez-Rendon, X.; Rivera-Ordonez, C. E.; Gamboa-deBuen, I. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 DF (Mexico); Instituto Nacional de Neurologia y Neurocirugia Manuel Velasco Suarez, 14269 DF (Mexico); Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 04510 DF (Mexico)

2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

475

West Virginia UniversityWest Virginia UniversityWest Virginia UniversityWest Virginia UniversityWest Virginia University 1995-97 Undergraduate Catalog1995-97 Undergraduate Catalog1995-97 Undergraduate Catalog1995-97 Undergraduate Catalog1995-97 Undergradu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Linear iterative refinement method for the rapid simulation of borehole nuclear measurements: Part technique used to simulate borehole nuclear measurements.Although recent advances in computer technolo- gy have considerably reduced the computer time required by Monte Carlo simulations of borehole nuclear

Mohaghegh, Shahab

476

SNS Target Systems Operational  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

scheduling conflict with other remote handling work planned for the next shutdown. · The target and PBW integrated monolith and hot cell structures #12;32 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy based on testing at Riken to 1.8 x 105 Gy · Improved neutronic performance and reduced remote handling

McDonald, Kirk

477

Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy Dose Painting for Localized Prostate Cancer Using {sup 11}C-choline Positron Emission Tomography Scans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To demonstrate the technical feasibility of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) dose painting using {sup 11}C-choline positron emission tomography PET scans in patients with localized prostate cancer. Methods and Materials: This was an RT planning study of 8 patients with prostate cancer who had {sup 11}C-choline PET scans prior to radical prostatectomy. Two contours were semiautomatically generated on the basis of the PET scans for each patient: 60% and 70% of the maximum standardized uptake values (SUV{sub 60%} and SUV{sub 70%}). Three IMRT plans were generated for each patient: PLAN{sub 78}, which consisted of whole-prostate radiation therapy to 78 Gy; PLAN{sub 78-90}, which consisted of whole-prostate RT to 78 Gy, a boost to the SUV{sub 60%} to 84 Gy, and a further boost to the SUV{sub 70%} to 90 Gy; and PLAN{sub 72-90}, which consisted of whole-prostate RT to 72 Gy, a boost to the SUV{sub 60%} to 84 Gy, and a further boost to the SUV{sub 70%} to 90 Gy. The feasibility of these plans was judged by their ability to reach prescription doses while adhering to published dose constraints. Tumor control probabilities based on PET scan-defined volumes (TCP{sub PET}) and on prostatectomy-defined volumes (TCP{sub path}), and rectal normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCP) were compared between the plans. Results: All plans for all patients reached prescription doses while adhering to dose constraints. TCP{sub PET} values for PLAN{sub 78}, PLAN{sub 78-90}, and PLAN{sub 72-90} were 65%, 97%, and 96%, respectively. TCP{sub path} values were 71%, 97%, and 89%, respectively. Both PLAN{sub 78-90} and PLAN{sub 72-90} had significantly higher TCP{sub PET} (P=.002 and .001) and TCP{sub path} (P<.001 and .014) values than PLAN{sub 78}. PLAN{sub 78-90} and PLAN{sub 72-90} were not significantly different in terms of TCP{sub PET} or TCP{sub path}. There were no significant differences in rectal NTCPs between the 3 plans. Conclusions: IMRT dose painting for localized prostate cancer using {sup 11}C-choline PET scans is technically feasible. Dose painting results in higher TCPs without higher NTCPs.

Chang, Joe H. [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia) [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Lim Joon, Daryl [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia)] [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Lee, Sze Ting [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia) [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Centre for PET, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Victoria (Australia); Gong, Sylvia J. [Centre for PET, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia)] [Centre for PET, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Anderson, Nigel J. [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia)] [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Scott, Andrew M. [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia) [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Centre for PET, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Victoria (Australia); Davis, Ian D. [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia) [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Victoria (Australia); Clouston, David [Focus Pathology, Victoria (Australia)] [Focus Pathology, Victoria (Australia); Bolton, Damien [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia) [University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Department of Urology, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Hamilton, Christopher S. [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia)] [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); Khoo, Vincent, E-mail: vincent.khoo@rmh.nhs.uk [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia) [Radiation Oncology Centre, Austin Health, Victoria (Australia); University of Melbourne, Victoria (Australia); Department of Clinical Oncology, Royal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, London (United Kingdom)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Comparison of Heart and Coronary Artery Doses Associated With Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy Versus Three-Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy for Distal Esophageal Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To compare heart and coronary artery radiation exposure using intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs. four-field three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) treatment plans for patients with distal esophageal cancer undergoing chemoradiation. Methods and Materials: Nineteen patients with distal esophageal cancers treated with IMRT from March 2007 to May 2008 were identified. All patients were treated to 50.4 Gy with five-field IMRT plans. Theoretical 3D-CRT plans with four-field beam arrangements were generated. Dose-volume histograms of the planning target volume, heart, right coronary artery, left coronary artery, and other critical normal tissues were compared between the IMRT and 3D-CRT plans, and selected parameters were statistically evaluated using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Results: Intensity-modulated radiotherapy treatment planning showed significant reduction (p < 0.05) in heart dose over 3D-CRT as assessed by average mean dose (22.9 vs. 28.2 Gy) and V30 (24.8% vs. 61.0%). There was also significant sparing of the right coronary artery (average mean dose, 23.8 Gy vs. 35.5 Gy), whereas the left coronary artery showed no significant improvement (mean dose, 11.2 Gy vs. 9.2 Gy), p = 0.11. There was no significant difference in percentage of total lung volume receiving at least 10, 15, or 20 Gy or in the mean lung dose between the planning methods. There were also no significant differences observed for the kidneys, liver, stomach, or spinal cord. Intensity-modulated radiotherapy achieved a significant improvement in target conformity as measured by the conformality index (ratio of total volume receiving 95% of prescription dose to planning target volume receiving 95% of prescription dose), with the mean conformality index reduced from 1.56 to 1.30 using IMRT. Conclusions: Treatment of patients with distal esophageal cancer using IMRT significantly decreases the exposure of the heart and right coronary artery when compared with 3D-CRT. Long-term studies are necessary to determine how this will impact on development of coronary artery disease and other cardiac complications.

Kole, Thomas P.; Aghayere, Osarhieme; Kwah, Jason [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Yorke, Ellen D. [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)] [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States); Goodman, Karyn A., E-mail: goodmank@mskcc.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

A Comprehensive Analysis of Cardiac Dose in Balloon-Based High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy for Left-Sided Breast Cancer  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate radiation dose to the heart in 60 patients with left-sided breast cancer who were treated with balloon-based high-dose-rate brachytherapy using MammoSite or Contura applicators. Methods and Materials: We studied 60 consecutive women with breast cancer who were treated with 34 Gy in 10 twice-daily fractions using MammoSite (n = 37) or Contura (n = 23) applicators. The whole heart and the left and right ventricles were retrospectively