Sample records for low-carbon indicator system

  1. Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    more efficient buildings/low energy buildings such as LEED-low carbon indicator value by indexing and weighting end-use indicators Residential includes buildings energylow carbon indicator for China’s commercial buildings sector is defined as commercial buildings final energy/

  2. Ris Energy Report 7 Future low carbon energy systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø Energy Report 7 Future low carbon energy systems Reprint of summary and recommendations Risø-R-1651(EN) October 2008 Edited by Hans Larsen and Leif Sønderberg Petersen #12;Risø Energy Report 7 Preface This Risø Energy Report, the seventh of a series that began in 2002, takes as its point

  3. Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    provides rich sources for hydropower, Hubei Province hasapproach favors large hydropower producers and exporters

  4. Development of a Low-Carbon Indicator System for China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, Lynn

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regions (Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, and Guangxi;Hebei Xinjiang Inner Mongolia Guizhou Gansu Shanxi QinghaiLiaoning Yunnan Inner Mongolia Hebei Gansu Xinjiang Guizhou

  5. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    S O N I A YE H Low Carbon Fuel Standards The most direct andalternative transportation fuels is to spur innovation withstandard for upstream fuel producers. hen it comes to energy

  6. LOW CARBON & 570 million GVA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wrigley, Stuart

    LOW CARBON & RENEWABLES #12;£570 million GVA THE SECTOR COMPRISES 326 COMPANIES EMPLOYING 12- tor comprises 326 companies, employing approximately 12,240 people and contributing £570 million nuclear, wind, solar, geo-thermal and tidal power. The total market value of the low carbon environmental

  7. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  8. High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    electric power system models primarily address either day-to-day operation or long-term capacity planningHigh-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low greenhouse gas emissions. Exploiting intermittent renewable energy resources demands power system planning

  9. Sandia National Laboratories: low-carbon energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    low-carbon energy Linde, Sandia Partnership Looks to Expand Hydrogen Fueling Network On February 26, 2015, in Center for Infrastructure Research and Innovation (CIRI), Energy,...

  10. SOIL PARENT MATERIALS Low-carbonate alluvium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - carbonate" designates parent materials with more than about 15% CaCO3 equivalent; 'low-carbonate" designates parent materials with less than about 2% CaCO3 equivalent. Mountain-derived alluvium from the sedimentary

  11. Assessing Early Investments in Low Carbon Technologies under Uncertainty: The Case of Carbon Capture and Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assessing Early Investments in Low Carbon Technologies under Uncertainty: The Case of Carbon and Policy Program #12;2 #12;3 Assessing Early Investments in Low Carbon Technologies under Uncertainty: The Case of Carbon Capture and Storage By Eleanor Ereira Submitted to the Engineering Systems Division

  12. Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies: Getting Started Experience from Six Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Low-Carbon Growth Country Studies:...

  13. Enhancing low-carbon development by greening the economy: policy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    low-carbon development by greening the economy: policy dialogue, advisory services, benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Enhancing low-carbon development by greening the...

  14. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    include: Customizing low-carbon growth planning framework that is transparent, flexible, and user-friendly Helping developupdate low-carbon roadmap Providing a suite of...

  15. Diversity and Security in UK Electricity Generation: The Influence of Low Carbon Objectives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grubb, Michael; Butler, Lucy; Sinden, Graham

    2006-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore the relationship between low carbon objectives and the strategic security of electricity in the context of the UK Electricity System. We consider diversity of fuel source mix to represent one dimension of security - robustness against...

  16. HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT IN LOW CARBON STEEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafiq A. Siddiqui; Sabah A. Abdul-wahab; Tasneem Pervez; Sayyad Z. Qamar

    Many metals and alloys absorb hydrogen and diffusion of hydrogen under certain conditions can seriously weaken and produces embrittlement in steel. Hydrogen embrittlement is a type of metal deterioration that is related to stress corrosion cracking. Although steels are well known for their susceptibility to hydrogen embrittlement, the mechanism of transportation of hydrogen is not very clear in low carbon steels. Standard tensile steel specimens were hydrogenated from 1 to 5 hours and deformed by cold worked to 50%,60%,70 % 80 % and were investigated for mechanical properties.

  17. The advanced flame quality indicator system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oman, R.; Rossi, M.J.; Calia, V.S.; Davis, F.L.; Rudin, A. [Insight Technologies, Inc., Bohemia, NY (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By combining oil tank monitoring, systems diagnostics and flame quality monitoring in an affordable system that communicates directly with dealers by telephone modem, Insight Technologies offers new revenue opportunities and the capability for a new order of customer relations to oil dealers. With co-sponsorship from New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, we have incorporated several valuable functions to a new product based on the original Flame Quality Indicator concept licensed from the US DOE`s Brookhaven National Laboratory. The new system is the Advanced Flame Quality Indicator, or AFQI. As before, the AFQI monitors and reports the intensity of the burner flame relative to a calibration established when the burner is set up at AFQI installation. Repairs or adjustments are summoned by late-night outgoing telephone calls when limits are exceeded in either direction, indicating an impending contamination or other malfunction. A independently, a pressure transducer for monitoring oil tank level and filter condition, safety lockout alarms and a temperature monitor; all reporting automatically at instructed intervals via an on-board modem to a central station PC computer (CSC). Firmware on each AFQI unit and Insight-supplied software on the CSC automatically interact to maintain a customer database for an oil dealer, an OEM, or a regional service contractor. In addition to ensuring continuously clean and efficient operation, the AFQI offers the oil industry a new set of immediate payoffs, among which are reduced outages and emergency service calls, shorter service calls from cleaner operation, larger oil delivery drops, the opportunity to stretch service intervals to as along as three years in some cases, new selling features to keep and attract customers, and greatly enhanced customer contact, quality and reliability.

  18. Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    in the Asia Pacific Region Inside the Low Carbon Green Growth: Innovations in Green Energy Supply Demand Side Energy Efficiency Solutions: A Low Hanging Fruit Managing the...

  19. Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Strategies" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleKenya-SupportingLowCarbonDevelopmentandClimateResilientStrategiesinAfrica&oldid700...

  20. Preliminary Study on Sustainable Low-Carbon Development Towards...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Preliminary Study on Sustainable Low-Carbon Development Towards 2030 in Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Preliminary Study on Sustainable...

  1. Central Networks Low Carbon Hub Optimizing renewable energy resources...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Central Networks Low Carbon Hub Optimizing renewable energy resources in Lincolnshire Country United Kingdom...

  2. Low Carbon Green Growth: Integrated Policy Approach to Climate...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    scarcity and climate change and how adopting Low Carbon Green Growth can provide win-win solutions for fostering inclusive sustainable development while mitigating and...

  3. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cities identify areas for low-carbon development. ? Energyenergy or carbon intensity of a city can be a spatial measure, such as density per land area.energy or CO2 per unit GDP, city greenhouse gas emission inventory Aggregated relative indicators energy or CO2 per capita or per land area

  4. DOE Announces Clean Energy Projects for Low-Carbon Communities...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    that the U.S. Department of Energy has selected three initial projects under the Low-Carbon Communities of the Americas (LCCA) - a program launched in June 2009 to assist...

  5. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for evaluating low energy and low carbon buildings. As withtoward low-carbon energy supply. Buildings ? Residentialenergy consumption • Catagorical labels for buildings Low •

  6. Effects Of Milling On Surface Integrity Of Low-Carbon Steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodrigues, Alessandro Roger; Matsumoto, Hidekasu; Yamakami, Wyser Jose; Tokimatsu, Ruis Camargo; Menezes, Miguel Angelo; Suyama, Daniel Iwao; Norcino, Adriana Bruno; Vendrame, Saimon [UNESP-Univ Estatual Paulista, Engineering Faculty of Ilha Solteira, Av. Brasil Centro, 56-Zip Code 15.385-000-Ilha Solteira, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2011-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This work measured the effect of milling parameters on the surface integrity of low-carbon alloy steel. The Variance Analysis showed that only depth of cut did not influence on the workpiece roughness and the Pearson's Coefficient indicated that cutting speed was more influent than tool feed. All cutting parameters introduced tensile residual stress in workpiece surface. The chip formation mechanism depended specially on cutting speed and influenced on the roughness and residual stress of workpiece.

  7. Comparing systemic risk in European government bonds and national indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurczyk, Jan; Morgenstern, Ingo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been shown, that the systemic risk contained in financial markets can be indicated by the change of cross-correlation between different indices and stocks. This change is tracked by using principle component analysis (PCA). We use this technique to investigate the systemic risk contained in European economy by comparing government long term bonds and indices.

  8. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn; Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Local level actions are crucial for achieving energy-saving and greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. Yet it is challenging to implement new policies and actions due to a lack of information, funding, and capacity. This is particularly the case in developing countries such as China. Even though national energy intensity and carbon intensity targets have been set, most local governments do not have the knowledge regarding actions to achieve the targets, the cost-effectiveness of policies, the possible impact of policies, or how to design and implement a climate action plan. This paper describes a guidebook that was developed to motivate and provide local governments in China with information to create an action plan to tackle climate change and increase energy efficiency. It provides a simple step-by-step description of how action plans can be established and essential elements to be included - from preparing a GHG emission inventory to implementation of the plan. The guidebook also provides a comprehensive list of successful policies and best practices found internationally and in China to encourage low carbon development in industry, buildings, transportation, electric power generation, agriculture and forestry. This paper also presents indicators that can be used to define low-carbon development, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of actions taken at an aggregated (city) level, and at a sectoral or end use level. The guidebook can also be used for low carbon development by local governments in other developing countries.

  9. New chaos indicators for systems with extremely small Lyapunov exponents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-ichi Okubo; Ken Umeno

    2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose new chaos indicators for systems with extremely small positive Lyapunov exponents. These chaos indicators can firstly detect a sharp transition between the Arnold diffusion regime and the Chirikov diffusion regime of the Froeschl\\'e map and secondly detect chaoticity in systems with zero Lyapunov exponent such as the Boole transformation and the $S$-unimodal function to characterize sub-exponential diffusions.

  10. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: TechnicalEnergy Air Quality, and Fuels 2000. Schwarzenegger, Arnold.Order S-01-07: Low Carbon Fuel Standard. Sacramento, CA.

  11. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ITS—RR—07—07 A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California PartEnergy Commission. A Low Carbon Fuel Standard For CaliforniaPont, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well To Tank

  12. Building Energy in China: Forward to Low-Carbon Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiding, L.

    International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 - Interrlational Status and Trends of Building Energy in China Contents Status and Trends of GHG Mitigation in China On-going Projects for Low-Carbon Building..., Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Growth of urbanization rate of China 3 50 45 40 35 30 25 27.628.1 28 26.4 20 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 ESL-IC-08-10-06 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference...

  13. China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:InformationInformationLow Carbon Asia

  14. Brazil-Low Carbon Growth Studies Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in CarbonofBiotinsBoston CollegeBrazil TimberLow Carbon Growth

  15. Indicator system for a process plant control complex

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

  16. Indicator system for advanced nuclear plant control complex

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

  17. Annual Review of Low-Carbon Development in China (2011-2012)...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Review of Low-Carbon Development in China (2011-2012): Chapter Summaries Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Best Practices Website: climatepolicyinitiative.orgwp-content...

  18. Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model AgencyCompany Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background...

  19. Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the Economy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    carbon Development by Greening the Economy: Policy Dialogue, Advisory Services, Benchmarking Jump to: navigation, search Name Ghana-Enhancing Low-carbon Development by Greening the...

  20. El Salvador-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name El Salvador-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model AgencyCompany Organization World Watch Institute...

  1. China-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    China-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies in Northeast Asia AgencyCompany Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Government of Republic of Korea...

  2. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    green buildings/low energy buildings Incentives for ESCOs ingreen buildings/low energy buildings Incentives for ESCOs inwhether a commercial building is low energy and low carbon

  3. Diffusion of low-carbon technologies and the feasibility of long-term climate targets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Iyer, Gokul C.; Hultman, Nathan; Eom, Jiyong; McJeon, Haewon C.; Patel, Pralit L.; Clarke, Leon E.

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stabilizing the global climate will require large-scale global deployment of low-carbon technologies. Even in the presence of aggressive climate policies, however, the diffusion of such technologies may be limited by several, institutional, behavioral, and social factors. In this paper, we review the literature on the sources of such diffusion constraints, and explore the potential implications of such non-economic constraints based on the GCAM integrated assessment model. Our analysis highlights that non-economic factors that limit technology deployment may have sizeable impacts on the feasibility and mitigation costs of achieving stringent stabilization targets. And such impacts are greatly amplified with major delays in serious climate policies. The results generally indicate that constraints on the expansions of CCS and renewables are more costly than those on nuclear or bioenergy, and jointly constraining these technologies leaves some scenarios infeasible.

  4. AMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    the manufacture of hundreds of additional low-carbon technologies not examined in this report, and opportunitiesAMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST EXECUTIVE SUMMARY JANUARY substantial energy efficiency savings, new jobs created outside of the manufacturing sector, benefits from

  5. TRANSPORTATION AND LAND USE SOLUTIONS FOR LOW-CARBON CITIES Kara Kockelman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    at the NSF`s U.S.-China Workshop on Pathways to Low Carbon Cities Hong Kong Polytechnic University, December1 TRANSPORTATION AND LAND USE SOLUTIONS FOR LOW-CARBON CITIES Kara Kockelman Professor and William prove helpful as cities grow. For example, densification facilitates carbon- saving reductions in trip

  6. Low Carbon Footprint and Ultra Low NOx Boilers through Efficiency Gain 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, R,; Staedter, M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low Carbon Footprint and Ultra Low NOx Boilers through Efficiency Gain Robert Benz Marcel Staedter... Industrial Energy Technology Conference, New Orleans, LA, May 6-9, 2008. M. Staedter, R. Benz / Low Carbon, Ultra Low NOx through Efficiency Gain where y denotes the mole fraction of excess...

  7. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    some market failures and provides a useful analysis of thePolicy Analysis Page 21 A third market failure comes aboutfailures occur due to A Low Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part II: Policy Analysis

  8. Modelling Urban scale Retrofit, Pathways to 2050 Low Carbon Residential Building Stock 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lannon, Simon; Georgakaki, Aliki; Macdonald, Stuart

    A bottom up engineering modelling approach has been used to investigate the pathways to 2050 low carbon residential building stock. The impact of housing retrofit, renewable technologies, occupant behaviour, and grid decarbonisation is measured at a...

  9. World Bank-Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-carbon Energy Projects for Development in Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany Organization World Bank Sector...

  10. Non-Nuclear, Low-Carbon, or Both? The Case of Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Non-Nuclear, Low-Carbon, or Both? The Case of Taiwan Y.H. Henry Chen Report No. 235 December 2012://globalchange.mit.edu/ Printed on recycled paper #12;1 Non-Nuclear, Low-Carbon, or Both? The Case of Taiwan Y.-H. Henry Chen* Abstract The Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan has renewed debates on the safety of nuclear power

  11. Strategic indicators for characterization of water system infrastructure and management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garvin, Michael J. (Michael Joseph)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shifts in the US water industry are characteristic of the flux found across all infrastructure sectors. Economic, environmental, market, regulatory and systemic forces are pushing the industry toward a different future ...

  12. Control sensitivity indices for stability analysis of HVdc systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nayak, O.B.; Gole, A.M. [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Univ. of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada); Chapman, D.G.; Davies, J.B. [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)] [Manitoba Hydro, Winnipeg, Manitoba (Canada)

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents a new concept called the ``Control Sensitivity Index`` of CSI, for the stability analysis of HVdc converters connected to weak ac systems. The CSI for a particular control mode can be defined as the ratio of incremental changes in the two system variables that are most relevant to that control mode. The index provides valuable information on the stability of the system and, unlike other approaches, aids in the design of the controller. It also plays an important role in defining non-linear gains for the controller. This paper offers a generalized formulation of CSI and demonstrates its application through an analysis of the CSI for three modes of HVdc control. The conclusions drawn from the analysis are confirmed by a detailed electromagnetic transients simulation of the ac/dc system. The paper concludes that the CSI can be used to improve the controller design and, for an inverter in a weak ac system, the conventional voltage control mode is more stable than the conventional {gamma} control mode.

  13. Probability distributions of some power system reliability indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dip, Minh

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The performance of a f a i l u r e modes and effects analysis (FMEA) on the system enumerates the component f a i l u r e events which r e s u l t i n sys tem f a i l u r e . More s p e c i f i c a l l y the FMEA amounts to determining the minimal cut...-sets of the system. Minimal cut sets have the further pro perty that any other cut set i s not a sub-set of the minimal cut set. The minimal cut sets obtained from FMEA may be viewed as forming a r e l i a b i l i ty network or diagram in which a l l elements...

  14. Facilitating the development and integration of low-carbon energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    indicates that despite these benefits, balancing wind and providing firm power with local natural gas energy storage (CAES) could be paired with a wind farm to provide firm, dispatchable baseload power to smooth wind power and could profit from arbitrage on short-term price fluctuations exacerbated by large

  15. Identifying Useful Statistical Indicators of Proximity to Instability in Stochastic Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoba, Taras I.

    1 Identifying Useful Statistical Indicators of Proximity to Instability in Stochastic Power Systems indicators provide re- liable early warning of instability in power systems. First, the paper derives voltages and currents in an arbitrary power system model. Building on this approach, the paper describes

  16. High strength, low carbon, dual phase steel rods and wires and process for making same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Thomas, Gareth (Berkeley, CA); Nakagawa, Alvin H. (Campbell, CA)

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high strength, high ductility, low carbon, dual phase steel wire, bar or rod and process for making the same is provided. The steel wire, bar or rod is produced by cold drawing to the desired diameter in a single multipass operation a low carbon steel composition characterized by a duplex microstructure consisting essentially of a strong second phase dispersed in a soft ferrite matrix with a microstructure and morphology having sufficient cold formability to allow reductions in cross-sectional area of up to about 99.9%. Tensile strengths of at least 120 ksi to over 400 ksi may be obtained.

  17. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn; Ohshita, Stephanie; Zheng, Nina; Min, Hu

    2011-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report aims to provide a manual with a menu of the successful policies and measures for local governments in China to create low carbon plan or climate action plans. This manual includes a comprehensive list of successful policies and best practices.

  18. TOWARD DEADLINE AWARE LOW CARBON SUPPLY CHAIN Amirreza Tahamtan, A Min Tjoa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    solutions have the potential of reducing global green- house gases by 15%. In addition to the ecological and moving toward a low carbon economy is the great challenge of our time. Aside from the ecological impact technological challenge of our time is tackling climate change with its ecological, economical, social

  19. Producing Fuel and Electricity from Coal with Low Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    effects of global warming. In this article we describe a process which producesa lowProducing Fuel and Electricity from Coal with Low Carbon Dioxide Emissions K. Blok, C.A. Hendriks the electricity production cost by one third. The secondprovides hydrogenor a hydrogen-rich fuel gas

  20. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cities identify areas for low-carbon development. Energyenergy or carbon intensity of a city can be a spatial measure, a density, per land area.area, and share of total Because industry has the highest energy and carbon intensity among a city’

  1. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cities identify areas for low-carbon development. Energyenergy or carbon intensity of a city can be a spatial measure, such as density per land area.energy structure of a city, as well as total energy or CO2 per capita. Energy/land area

  2. o secure a safe, reliable and low-carbon energy future, we must alter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    T o secure a safe, reliable and low- carbon energy future, we must alter both technologies and human behav- iour1 . The US Department of Energy notes2 that supply and demand is "affected as much-makers continue to focus on only one side of the energy dilemma. In the United States

  3. Non-nuclear, low-carbon, or both? The case of Taiwan*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Non-nuclear, low-carbon, or both? The case of Taiwan* Yen-Heng Henry Chen *Reprinted from Energy-7492 Fax: (617) 253-9845 Email: globalchange@mit.edu Website: http://globalchange.mit.edu/ #12;Non-nuclear43 Q54 Keywords: Economy-wide analysis Non-nuclear policy CO2 reduction The Fukushima nuclear

  4. Energy Transition in France: EUROGIA2020, a tool to achieve low carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Tiggelen, Bart

    Energy Transition in France: EUROGIA2020, a tool to achieve low carbon:00 (CET Paris time) French National Assembly adopted the Energy Transition Bill on October 14 participation in energy transition. The bill is introducing ambitious targets to reduce the overall energy

  5. AMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST JANUARY 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Andrew J.

    AMERICAN INNOVATION:MANUFACTURING LOW CARBON TECHNOLOGIES IN THE MIDWEST JANUARY 2010 F R E D E R I by The Energy Foundation and the RE-AMP Global Warming Strategic Action Fund. The Climate Group would also like Hannon, Midwest Regional Manager, The Climate Group Acknowledgements We are grateful for the economic

  6. Low carbon spaces: area-based carbon emission reduction -a scoping study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Overview 3. Local Government Experiences 4. Exemplars of Low-Carbon Sustainable Energy 5. Experience of Transport, Local Government and the Regions EEC Energy Efficiency Commitment EESoP Energy EfficiencyA Improvement and Development Agency IPPC Integrated Pollution and Prevention Control Directive LA Local

  7. Role of large scale storage in a UK low carbon energy future Philipp Grunewalda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and enable demand side management (DSM) of electric appliances, including ground source heat pumps, air, 311 Mechanical Engineering Building, London SW7 2AZ, UK bLow Carbon Research Institute, Cardiff University, Welsh School of Architecture, Bute Building, King Edward VII Avenue, Cardiff, CF10 3NB Abstract

  8. Indonesia-Low Carbon Development Options Study | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunan Runhua NewSmallholder SystemsIndoEnergyMeasuresStudy

  9. Indicators for assessing socioeconomic sustainability of bioenergy systems: A short list of practical measures.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davis, Maggie R [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Hilliard, Michael R [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Langholtz, Matthew H [ORNL; Leiby, Paul Newsome [ORNL; Oladosu, Gbadebo A [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indicators are needed to assess both socioeconomic and environmental sustainability of bioenergy systems. Effective indicators can help to identify and quantify the sustainability attributes of bioenergy options. We identify 16 socioeconomic indicators that fall into the categories of social well-being, energy security, trade, profitability, resource conservation, and social acceptability. The suite of indicators is predicated on the existence of basic institutional frameworks to provide governance, legal, regulatory and enforcement services. Indicators were selected to be practical, sensitive to stresses, unambiguous, anticipatory, predictive, calibrated with known variability, and sufficient when considered collectively. The utility of each indicator, methods for its measurement, and applications appropriate for the context of particular bioenergy systems are described along with future research needs. Together, this suite of indicators is hypothesized to reflect major socioeconomic effects of the full supply chain for bioenergy, including feedstock production and logistics, conversion to biofuels, biofuel logistics and biofuel end uses. Ten of those 16 indicators are proposed to be the minimum list of practical measures of socioeconomic aspects of bioenergy sustainability. Coupled with locally-prioritized environmental indicators, we propose that these socioeconomic indicators can provide a basis to quantify and evaluate sustainability of bioenergy systems across many regions in which they will be deployed.

  10. UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report The UBC Food System: Indicators in the Measurement of Sustainability The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UBC Social Ecological Economic Development Studies (SEEDS) Student Report The UBC Food System: Indicators in the Measurement of Sustainability The Sustainability of UBC Food System Collaborative Project System: Indicators in the Measurement of Sustainability The Sustainability of UBC Food System

  11. Diagnostic indicators for shipboard systems using non-intrusive load monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeNucci, Thomas W

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field studies have demonstrated that the Non-Intrusive Load monitor (NILM) can provide real-time indication of the condition of electro-mechanical systems on board naval vessels. Results from data collected from engineering ...

  12. Intersection Type System with de Bruijn Indices Daniel Lima Ventura1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    Intersection Type System with de Bruijn Indices Daniel Lima Ventura1 and Mauricio Ayala-Rinc´on1, Scotland {ventura,ayala}@mat.unb.br, fairouz@macs.hw.ac.uk September 30, 2008 Abstract The -calculus in de

  13. Intersection Type System with de Bruijn Indices Daniel Lima Ventura1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

    Intersection Type System with de Bruijn Indices Daniel Lima Ventura1 and Mauricio Ayala-Rinc´on1, Scotland {ventura,ayala}@mat.unb.br, fairouz@macs.hw.ac.uk February 15, 2008 Abstract -calculus in de

  14. A new dynamical indicator for chaos detection in galactic Hamiltonian systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Euaggelos E. Zotos

    2012-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A new dynamical parameter, the f-indicator, is introduced and used in order to distinguish between regular and chaotic motion in galactic Hamiltonian systems. Two kinds of galactic potentials are used: (i) a global potential, which describes the whole galaxy and (ii) a local potential, which is made up of perturbed harmonic oscillators and describes motion near an equilibrium point. The new indicator is based on the energies of the separable system along the x, y and z axis. Comparison between the outcomes obtained using the new dynamical parameter and other methods, such as the maximum Lyapunov Characteristic Exponent (L.C.E), or the S(c) dynamical spectrum, shows that the new dynamical indicator gives fast and reliable results concerning the regular or chaotic character of the orbits. The new indicator was tested in several Hamiltonian systems of two (2D) degrees and three (3D) degrees of freedom.

  15. Low carbon and clean energy scenarios for India: Analysis of targets approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shukla, Priyadarshi R.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Low carbon energy technologies are gaining increasing importance in India for reducing emissions as well as diversifying its energy supply mix. The present paper presents and analyses a targeted approach for pushing solar, wind and nuclear technologies in the Indian energy market. Targets for these technologies have been constructed on the basis of Indian government documents, policy announcements and expert opinion. Different targets have been set for the reference scenario and the carbon price scenario. In the reference scenario it is found that in the long run all solar, wind and nuclear will achieve their targets without any subsidy push. In the short run however, nuclear and solar energy require significant subsidy push. Nuclear energy requires a much higher subsidy allocation as compared to solar because the targets assumed are also higher for nuclear energy. Under a carbon price scenario, the carbon price drives the penetration of these technologies significantly. Still subsidy is required especially in the short run when the carbon price is low. It is also found that pushing solar, wind and nuclear technologies might lead to decrease in share of CCS under the price scenario and biomass under both BAU and price scenario, which implies that one set of low carbon technologies is substituted by other set of low carbon technologies. Thus the objective of emission mitigation might not be achieved due to this substitution. Moreover sensitivity on nuclear energy cost was done to represent risk mitigation for this technology and it was found that higher cost can significantly decrease the share of this technology under both the BAU and carbon price scenario.

  16. Poland-Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergy InternationalInformationPlacerPlexusPoland-Low Carbon

  17. China-Low Carbon Asia Research Network (LoCARNet) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpenadd:InformationInformationLow Carbon Asia Research

  18. Time-Domain Reflectometry for Tamper Indication in Unattended Monitoring Systems for Safeguards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Smith, Leon E.; Moore, David E.; Sheen, David M.; Conrad, Ryan C.

    2014-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) continues to expand its use of unattended, remotely monitored measurement systems. An increasing number of systems and an expanding family of instruments create challenges in terms of deployment efficiency and the implementation of data authentication measures. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) leads a collaboration that is exploring various tamper-indicating (TI) measures that could help to address some of the long-standing detector and data-transmission authentication challenges with IAEA’s unattended systems. PNNL is investigating the viability of active time-domain reflectometry (TDR) along two parallel but interconnected paths: (1) swept-frequency TDR as the highly flexible, laboratory gold standard to which field-deployable options can be compared, and (2) a low-cost commercially available spread-spectrum TDR technology as one option for field implementation. This report describes PNNL’s progress and preliminary findings from the first year of the study, and describes the path forward.

  19. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ENERGY STAR Energy Performance Indicator for Benchmarkingpolicy options and performance indicators. To assist localhealth and safety). Performance Indicator The performance

  20. Using Acid Number as a Leading Indicator of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning System Performance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dennis Cartlidge; Hans Schellhase

    2003-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes a literature review to assess the acidity characteristics of the older mineral oil and newer polyolester (POE) refrigeration systems as well as to evaluate acid measuring techniques used in other non-aqueous systems which may be applicable for refrigeration systems. Failure in the older chlorofluorocarbon/hydrochlorofluorocarbon (CFC/HCFC) / mineral oil systems was primarily due to thermal degradation of the refrigerant which resulted in the formation of hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids. These are strong mineral acids, which can, over time, severely corrode the system metals and lead to the formation of copper plating on iron surfaces. The oil lubricants used in the older systems were relatively stable and were not prone to hydrolytic degradation due to the low solubility of water in oil. The refrigerants in the newer hydrofluorocarbon (HFC)/POE systems are much more thermally stable than the older CFC/HCFC refrigerants and mineral acid formation is negligible. However, acidity is produced in the new systems by hydrolytic decomposition of the POE lubricants with water to produce the parent organic acids and alcohols used to prepare the POE. The individual acids can therefore vary but they are generally C5 to C9 carboxylic acids. Organic acids are much weaker and far less corrosive to metals than the mineral acids from the older systems but they can, over long time periods, react with metals to form carboxylic metal salts. The salts tend to accumulate in narrow areas such as capillary tubes, particularly if residual hydrocarbon processing chemicals are present in the system, which can lead to plugging. The rate of acid production from POEs varies on a number of factors including chemical structure, moisture levels, temperature, acid concentration and metals. The hydrolysis rate of reaction can be reduced by using driers to reduce the free water concentration and by using scavenging chemicals which react with the system acids. Total acid number (TAN), which includes both mineral acids and organic acids, is therefore a useful indicator which can be used to monitor the condition of the system in order to perform remedial maintenance, when required, to prevent system failure. The critical TAN value is the acid level at which remedial action should be taken to prevent the onset of rapid acid formation which can result in system failure. The level of 0.05 mg KOH/g of oil was established for CFC/mineral oil systems based on analysis of 700 used lubricants from operating systems and failed units. There is no consensus within the refrigeration industry as to the critical TAN value for HFC/POE systems, however, the value will be higher than the CFC/mineral oil systems critical TAN value because of the much weaker organic acids produced from POE. A similar study of used POE lubricants should be performed to establish a critical TAN limit for POE systems. Titrimetric analysis per ASTM procedures is the most commonly used method to determine TAN values in lubricants in the refrigeration industry and other industries dealing with lubricating oils. For field measurements, acid test kits are often used since they provide rapid, semi-quantitative TAN results.

  1. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M. W.; Heath, G.; Sandor, D.; Steward, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Warner, E.; Webster, K. W.

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Achieving the Department of Energy target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 depends on transportation-related strategies combining technology innovation, market adoption, and changes in consumer behavior. This study examines expanding low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions, with an emphasis on fuel production facilities and retail components serving light-duty vehicles. Three distinct low-carbon fuel supply scenarios are examined: Portfolio: Successful deployment of a range of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies; Combustion: Market dominance by hybridized internal combustion engine vehicles fueled by advanced biofuels and natural gas; Electrification: Market dominance by electric drive vehicles in the LDV sector, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, that are fueled by low-carbon electricity and hydrogen. A range of possible low-carbon fuel demand outcomes are explored in terms of the scale and scope of infrastructure expansion requirements and evaluated based on fuel costs, energy resource utilization, fuel production infrastructure expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion for LDVs. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored transportation-related strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence.

  2. Energy Policy The university is committed to reducing its consumption of energy and promoting low carbon, energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haase, Markus

    Energy Policy June 2009 The university is committed to reducing its consumption of energy and promoting low carbon, energy saving and energy efficiency initiatives as part of its Sustainable Development programme. Tackling climate change is one of our highest priorities and this reflects UK policy. Our Energy

  3. A Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland? The Impact of Low Carbon Generation on the Future Price of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mottram, Nigel

    A Distinctive Energy Policy for Scotland? The Impact of Low Carbon Generation on the Future Price climate change, improved security of supply, affordable energy prices and a stimulus to economic growth of Allander Institute, supported by PricewaterhouseCoopers and published 19th June 2008 explore current energy

  4. The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially reduce the energy used in buildings.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    reduce the energy used in buildings. Adding `renewables' electricity generation to a building is very11 KTA@Bath Challenge The only way to achieve low carbon emission targets is to substantially costly compared with designing a building that performs well in the first place, but to do this needs

  5. Cyber Security Indications and Warning System (SV): CRADA 1573.94 Project Accomplishments Summary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Tan Chang (PI, Sandia); Robinson, David G. (Technical PI)

    2011-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    As the national focus on cyber security increases, there is an evolving need for a capability to provide for high-speed sensing of events, correlation of events, and decision-making based on the adverse events seen across multiple independent large-scale network environments. The purpose of this Shared Vision project, Cyber Security Indications and Warning System, was to combine both Sandia's and LMC's expertise to discover new solutions to the challenge of protecting our nation's infrastructure assets. The objectives and scope of the proposal was limited to algorithm and High Performance Computing (HPC) model assessment in the unclassified environment within funding and schedule constraints. The interest is the identification, scalability assessment, and applicability of current utilized cyber security algorithms as applied in an HPC environment.

  6. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    policy options and performance indicators. To assist localenvironment, health and safety). Performance Indicator .The performance indicator for energy management standards is

  7. The formation mechanisms of interlocked microstructures in low-carbon high-strength steel weld metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wan, X.L.; Wang, H.H.; Cheng, L.; Wu, K.M., E-mail: wukaiming2000@yahoo.com

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Microstructural features and the formation mechanisms of interlocked microstructures of acicular ferrite in a low-carbon high-strength steel weld metal were investigated by means of computer-aided three-dimensional reconstruction technique and electron backscattered diffraction analysis. Multiple nucleation on inclusions, sympathetic nucleation or repeated nucleation, hard impingement, mutual intersection, and fixed orientation relationships of acicular ferrite grains were observed. They were all responsible for the formation of interlocked microstructures in the weld metal. During the process of isothermal transformation, the pre-formed acicular ferrite laths or plates partitioned austenite grains into many small and separate regions, and the growth of later formed acicular ferrite grains was confined in these small regions. Thus, the crystallographic grain size became smaller with the increasing holding time. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Acicular ferrite is formed by multiple nucleation and sympathetic nucleation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Hard impingement and intersection of ferrite grains occur at later stages. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The pre-formed ferrite laths partition austenite grains into smaller regions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The growth of later formed ferrite grains is confined in the smaller regions.

  8. Energy at the Frontier : low carbon energy system transitions and innovation in four prime mover countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Araújo, Kathleen M

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    All too often, discussion about the imperative to change national energy pathways revolves around long timescales and least cost economics of near-term energy alternatives. While both elements certainly matter, they don't ...

  9. CCSF Lunch Summary Distributed Energy Systems Research for a Low Carbon Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    studies on infrastructure planning for the smart grids, linkage between the agricultural, the electric further introduced the smart grid concepts, a key enabling technology for iDES, and various initiativesDES and the smart grid concepts will be able to bring together researchers with expertise in engineering

  10. Abstract--This paper reports a method to evaluate composite power system reliability indices incorporating the voltage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    3 Abstract--This paper reports a method to evaluate composite power system reliability indices power flow (OPF) computation algorithm, considering the steady state voltage stability margin constraint In the deregulated power systems, reliability evaluation encompassing the system security features has come

  11. A preliminary study on potential indicators of technical efficiency in a grain export marketing system: the Argentine case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Shasi Cheryl Ruth

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON POTENTIAL INDICATORS OF TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN A GRAIN EXPORT MARKETING SYSTEM: THE ARGENTINE CASE A Thesis by SHASI CHERYL RUTH WILSON Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1982 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON POTENTIAL INDICATORS OP TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY IN A GRAIN EXPORT MARKETING SYSTEM: THE ARGENTINE CASE A Thesis by SHASI CHERYL RUTH...

  12. Chemical changes at the interface between low carbon steel and an Al-Si alloy during solution heat treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    /Al-Si interface. For this purpose, low carbon steel plates covered with the A-S7G03 aluminium alloy (7wt%Si, 0.3wt appears to be an aggravating factor, where applicable. Keywords: Aluminium alloys; Diffusion Paths; Steel-011-9949-z #12;2 1. Introduction Aluminium-silicon alloy castings are nowadays widely used by the automotive

  13. Diagnostic indicators for shipboard mechanical systems using Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McKay, Thomas Duncan

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the use of Non-intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM) in auxiliary shipboard systems, such as a low pressure air system, to determine the state of equipment in larger connected systems, such as the main ...

  14. A FOREWARNING INDICATOR SYSTEM FOR FINANCIAL CRISES : THE CASE OF SIX CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    system for each one. JEL classification : F31; F47. Keywords : Currency Crisis, Early Warning System analysis, logit/probit regressions, Early Warning Systems, and Markovian models (see, among many others in that each country is also analyzed separately, permitting the creation of a more "custom-made" early warning

  15. Usability Heuristics and Qualitative Indicators for the Usability Evaluation of Touch Screen Ventilator Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Ventilator Systems Dinesh Katre1, Ganesh Bhutkar2 , Shekhar Karmarkar3 1 Group Coordinator, Human complexity in the user interface, features and functionalities of ventilator systems can cause medical errors and cost the life of a patient. Therefore, the usability of ventilator systems is most crucial to ensure

  16. LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    LOSS OF ROTOR ISOTROPY AS A BLADE DAMAGE INDICATOR FOR WIND TURBINE STRUCTURE HEALTH MONITORING to simulated vibrations of a rotating rotor. KEYWORDS : wind turbine blade, rotor anisotropy, Floquet analysis, OMA INTRODUCTION Blades of modern wind turbines are complex high-tech structures, and their cost

  17. Indicators to support environmental sustainability of bioenergy systems1 Authors: Allen C. McBridea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jager, Henriette I.

    indicators for soil quality, water13 quality and quantity, greenhouse gases, biodiversity, air quality includes the production or procurement of biomass38 feedstock, post-production processing and conversion are perceived to support rural development and employment. Fourth,49 technological advances continue to increa

  18. New Type-2 Rule Ranking Indices for Designing Parsimonious Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    rules can be effectively selected to construct parsimonious type-2 fuzzy models while the system processing [7][8], traffic forecasting [9], mobile robot control [10], pattern recognition [11] [12FLS mod- elling. As a matter of fact, even in type-I fuzzy logic system (FLS) modelling, developing

  19. New Type-2 Rule Ranking Indices for Designing Parsimonious Interval Type-2 Fuzzy Logic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Granada, Universidad de

    rules can be effectively selected to construct parsimonious type-2 fuzzy models while the system processing [7][8], traffic forecasting [9], mobile robot control [10], pattern recognition [11FLS mod- elling. As a matter of fact, even in type-1 fuzzy logic system (FLS) modelling, developing

  20. Changes in Cross-Correlations as an Indicator for Systemic Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podobnik, Boris

    of Singapore, Singapore 117542, Republic of Singapore, 6 NUS-Tongji Center for Phononics and Thermal Energy Science and School of Physical Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092 Shanghai, P. R. China and forecast of systemic risk. The empirical studies on systemic risk are loosely divided into three categories

  1. A Comprehensive System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S.: Methods, Data and Key Trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Belzer, David B.

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a comprehensive system of energy intensity indicators for the United States that has been developed for the Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) over the past decade. This system of indicators is hierarchical in nature, beginning with detailed indexes of energy intensity for various sectors of the economy, which are ultimately aggregated to an overall energy intensity index for the economy as a whole. The aggregation of energy intensity indexes to higher levels in the hierarchy is performed with a version of the Log Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method. Based upon the data and methods in the system of indicators, the economy-wide energy intensity index shows a decline of about 14% in 2010 relative to a 1985 base year. Discussion of energy intensity indicators for each of the broad end-use sectors of the economy—residential, commercial, industrial, and transportation—is presented in the report. An analysis of recent changes in the efficiency of electricity generation in the U.S. is also included. A detailed appendix describes the data sources and methodology behind the energy intensity indicators for each sector.

  2. Optimization of chemical compositions in low-carbon Al-killed enamel steel produced by ultra-fast continuous annealing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Futao, E-mail: dongft@sina.com [The State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Du, Linxiu; Liu, Xianghua [The State Key Laboratory of Rolling and Automation, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819 (China); Xue, Fei [College of Electrical Engineering, Hebei United University, Tangshan 063000 (China)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of Mn,S and B contents on microstructural characteristics, mechanical properties and hydrogen trapping ability of low-carbon Al-killed enamel steel was investigated. The materials were produced and processed in a laboratory and the ultra-fast continuous annealing processing was performed using a continuous annealing simulator. It was found that increasing Mn,S contents in steel can improve its hydrogen trapping ability which is attributed by refined ferrite grains, more dispersed cementite and added MnS inclusions. Nevertheless, it deteriorates mechanical properties of steel sheet. Addition of trace boron results in both good mechanical properties and significantly improved hydrogen trapping ability. The boron combined with nitrogen segregating at grain boundaries, cementite and MnS inclusions, provides higher amount of attractive hydrogen trapping sites and raises the activation energy for hydrogen desorption from them. - Highlights: • We study microstructures and properties in low-carbon Al-killed enamel steel. • Hydrogen diffusion coefficients are measured to reflect fish-scale resistance. • Manganese improves hydrogen trapping ability but decrease deep-drawing ability. • Boron improves both hydrogen trapping ability and deep-drawing ability. • Both excellent mechanical properties and fish-scale resistance can be matched.

  3. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M.Z. 2007. Effects of ethanol (E85) versus gasoline vehiclese.g. , E85 indicates 85% anhydrous ethanol by volume. Ine.g. , E85 actually contains roughly 81% ethanol), and in

  4. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    M.Z. 2007. Effects of ethanol (E85) versus gasoline vehiclese.g. , E85 indicates 85% anhydrous ethanol by volume. Ine.g. , E85 actually contains roughly 81% ethanol), and in

  5. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Same as in residential sector Installed capacity of CHP inCHP in buildings/m Space heating intensity (MJ/m -HDD) ResidentialCHP in buildings/m Space heating intensity (MJ/m -HDD) Sectoral indicators Residential

  6. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electric trains, low emission vehicles, energy-efficient textile manufacturing equipment, solar power systems,

  7. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    distinction between large and small hydro), geothermal, andpower systems, small- and medium-size hydro generators, and

  8. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    et al. (2004). Biofuels For Transport. Paris, InternationalPathways to Biofuels for Transport: A System Dynamics

  9. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    et al. (2004). Biofuels For Transport. Paris, InternationalPathways to Biofuels for Transport: A System Dynamics

  10. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    between large and small hydro), geothermal, and biomass. (power systems, small- and medium-size hydro generators, and

  11. Development of Temperature and Humidity-Based Indicators for Diagnosing Problems in Low Tonnage, Split System Air Conditioners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watt, J. B.; O'Neal, D. L.; Haberl, J. S.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of meeting a given cooling load; and equipment safety, or the ability to maintain equipment longevity by avoiding equipment-life-reducing conditions such as compressor slugging (no superheat) or lack of compressor cooling (high superheat) or seal...DEVELOPMENT OF TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY-BASED INDICATORS FOR DIAGNOSING PROBLEMS IN LOW TONNAGE, SPLIT SYSTEM AIR CONDITIONERS Jim Watt Jeff Haberl, P.E., PhD. Dennis O'Neai, P.E., PhD. CES/Way International, Inc. Energy Systems Laboratory Energy...

  12. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    International Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy: Lessonsof specific tax incentives for renewable energy projects,of a renewable energy system Personal tax incentives: given

  13. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in buildings/m 2 (PV, solar water heaters, geothermal) Thisbuildings/m 2 (PV, solar water heaters, geothermal) Same assolar thermal systems, thermal screens, variable speed drives, and warm air and radiant heaters (

  14. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P. Willhite (1998). Enhanced Oil Recovery. Richardson, TX,2 to be used for enhanced oil recovery. This type of systemDeep Offshore Enhanced Oil Recovery Thermal CO 2 Flood Extra

  15. A Comparison of Value-Added Accountability Systems with Accountability Systems that Use the Success of Economically Disadvantaged Students as a Key Accountability Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlow, Kevin Lynn

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    level variables. ........................................................ 54 Updating student level variables. ................................................................................ 58 Estimating Campus Valued-Added Coefficients (Beta Values... campus or district does not achieve the accountability rating it desires, the reason is typically because of this indicator (e.g., the economically disadvantaged students in science did not perform well). The current accountability system in Texas...

  16. Production and Optimization of Direct Coal Liquefaction derived Low Carbon-Footprint Transportation Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steven Markovich

    2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes works conducted under DOE Contract No. DE-FC26-05NT42448. The work scope was divided into two categories - (a) experimental program to pretreat and refine a coal derived syncrude sample to meet transportation fuels requirements; (b) system analysis of a commercial scale direct coal liquefaction facility. The coal syncrude was derived from a bituminous coal by Headwaters CTL, while the refining study was carried out under a subcontract to Axens North America. The system analysis included H{sub 2} production cost via six different options, conceptual process design, utilities requirements, CO{sub 2} emission and overall plant economy. As part of the system analysis, impact of various H{sub 2} production options was evaluated. For consistence the comparison was carried out using the DOE H2A model. However, assumptions in the model were updated using Headwaters database. Results of Tier 2 jet fuel specifications evaluation by the Fuels & Energy Branch, US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL/RZPF) located at Wright Patterson Air Force Base (Ohio) are also discussed in this report.

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF A TAMPER RESISTANT/INDICATING AEROSOL COLLECTION SYSTEM FOR ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLING AT BULK HANDLING FACILITIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sexton, L.

    2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental sampling has become a key component of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards approaches since its approval for use in 1996. Environmental sampling supports the IAEA's mission of drawing conclusions concerning the absence of undeclared nuclear material or nuclear activities in a Nation State. Swipe sampling is the most commonly used method for the collection of environmental samples from bulk handling facilities. However, augmenting swipe samples with an air monitoring system, which could continuously draw samples from the environment of bulk handling facilities, could improve the possibility of the detection of undeclared activities. Continuous sampling offers the opportunity to collect airborne materials before they settle onto surfaces which can be decontaminated, taken into existing duct work, filtered by plant ventilation, or escape via alternate pathways (i.e. drains, doors). Researchers at the Savannah River National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been working to further develop an aerosol collection technology that could be installed at IAEA safeguarded bulk handling facilities. The addition of this technology may reduce the number of IAEA inspector visits required to effectively collect samples. The principal sample collection device is a patented Aerosol Contaminant Extractor (ACE) which utilizes electrostatic precipitation principles to deposit particulates onto selected substrates. Recent work has focused on comparing traditional swipe sampling to samples collected via an ACE system, and incorporating tamper resistant and tamper indicating (TRI) technologies into the ACE system. Development of a TRI-ACE system would allow collection of samples at uranium/plutonium bulk handling facilities in a manner that ensures sample integrity and could be an important addition to the international nuclear safeguards inspector's toolkit. This work was supported by the Next Generation Safeguards Initiative (NGSI), Office of Nonproliferation and International Security (NIS), National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA).

  18. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas, or even coal with carbon capture and sequestration. Afuels that facilitate carbon capture and sequestration. Forenergy and could capture and sequester carbon emissions.

  19. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gas, or even coal with carbon capture and sequestration. Afuels that facilitate carbon capture and sequestration. For

  20. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hen it comes to energy security and climate change concerns,petroleum—usually for energy security reasons but also tomore concerned with energy security than with cli- mate

  1. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    emissions for fuels such as biofuels, electric- ity, andcould, for instance, sell biofuels or buy credits fromthat 36 billion gallons of biofuels be sold annu- ally by

  2. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EORGE O SODI , Fish Pond Oil Pollution, 2004. fuels such asway of reducing vehicular pollution, oil companies responded

  3. Low Carbon Fuel Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Yeh, Sonia

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    flexible-fuel cars, launched the Advanced Battery Consortium and the Partnership for a New Generation

  4. High-resolution modeling of the western North American power system demonstrates low-cost and low-carbon futures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    of existing generation technologies. Under a range of resource cost scenarios, most coal power plants would. We use a mixed-integer linear programming model ­ SWITCH ­ to analyze least- cost generation, storage be replaced by solar, wind, gas, and/or nuclear generation, with intermittent renewable sources providing

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS--I: REGULAR PAPERS, VOL. 61, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2014 2747 Understanding Early Indicators of Critical Transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lakoba, Taras I.

    for three small power system models, using the stochastic differential algebraic equations (SDAE) associated], the human brain [5] and electric power systems [6]­[8]. Scheffer et al. [1] provide some explanation for why Understanding Early Indicators of Critical Transitions in Power Systems From Autocorrelation Functions Goodarz

  6. Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 325338 (2003) EGU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability 325 Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 7(3), 325338 (2003) © EGU Scale effects on the hydrological impact of upland afforestation and drainage using indices of flow variability: the River Irthing

  7. Conservation Research and Development/ New Ultra-Low Carbon High Strength Steels with Improved Bake Hardenability for Enhanced Stretch Formability and Dent Resistance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony J. DeArdo; C. Isaac Garcia

    2003-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Conservation Research and Development/New Ultra-Low Carbon High Strength Steels with Improved Bake Hardenability for Enhanced Stretch Formability and Dent Resistance. The experimental work can be divided into four phases. In each phase, the materials were received or designed, processed and tested, to evaluate the BH increment or response, as a function of compositions and processing conditions. Microstructural characterization by various techniques was performed in order to gain insights into the mechanisms of flow stress increment by bake hardening.

  8. Experimental study of the distribution of alloying elements after the formation of epitaxial ferrite upon cooling in a low-carbon steel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Santofimia, M.J., E-mail: M.J.SantofimiaNavarro@tudelft.nl [Materials Innovation Institute (M2i), Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Kwakernaak, C.; Sloof, W.G. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Zhao, L. [Materials Innovation Institute (M2i), Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands); Sietsma, J. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628 CD Delft (Netherlands)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The distributions of carbon and substitutional elements in a low-carbon steel during the formation of epitaxial ferrite on cooling after intercritical annealing have been studied by electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The analysis has shown that the formation of epitaxial ferrite takes place with a partial redistribution of alloying elements between the epitaxial ferrite and the austenite. This redistribution of alloying elements causes compositional gradients in the epitaxial ferrite that lead to a different etching behaviour with respect to the intercritical ferrite. Contrary to Thermo-Calc predictions, a distinct partitioning behaviour of silicon has been observed.

  9. Nervous system cancer : analysis of historical mortality rates in the United States and Japan indicate sudden increases in environmental risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alhassani, Ali K

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nervous System cancer age-specific mortality rates began being recorded for European and Non-European Americans in 1930 and for Japanese in 1952. All ethnic groups show significant historical increases in mortality rates. ...

  10. Use of space as an indicator of social behavior and breeding systems in the gymnotiform electric fish

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Philip

    dimorphism suggests that the South American electric fish, Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus Hopkins (Copeia 1991 for understanding the integration of behavior and physiology. These nocturnal fish produce an electric organ of Mexico to the Rio de la Plata system of South America (Lozano-Vilano and Contreras-Balderas 1987; Silva

  11. The Formation of the First Low-Mass Stars From Gas With Low Carbon and Oxygen Abundances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bromm, V; Bromm, Volker; Loeb, Abraham

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first stars in the Universe are predicted to have been much more massive than the Sun. Gravitational condensation accompanied by cooling of the primordial gas due to molecular hydrogen, yields a minimum fragmentation scale of a few hundred solar masses. Numerical simulations indicate that once a gas clump acquires this mass, it undergoes a slow, quasi-hydrostatic contraction without further fragmentation. Here we show that as soon as the primordial gas - left over from the Big Bang - is enriched by supernovae to a carbon or oxygen abundance as small as ~0.01-0.1% of that found in the Sun, cooling by singly-ionized carbon or neutral oxygen can lead to the formation of low-mass stars. This mechanism naturally accommodates the discovery of solar mass stars with unusually low (10^{-5.3} of the solar value) iron abundance but with a high (10^{-1.3} solar) carbon abundance. The minimum stellar mass at early epochs is partially regulated by the temperature of the cosmic microwave background. The derived critical...

  12. The Formation of the First Low-Mass Stars From Gas With Low Carbon and Oxygen Abundances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Volker Bromm; Abraham Loeb

    2003-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The first stars in the Universe are predicted to have been much more massive than the Sun. Gravitational condensation accompanied by cooling of the primordial gas due to molecular hydrogen, yields a minimum fragmentation scale of a few hundred solar masses. Numerical simulations indicate that once a gas clump acquires this mass, it undergoes a slow, quasi-hydrostatic contraction without further fragmentation. Here we show that as soon as the primordial gas - left over from the Big Bang - is enriched by supernovae to a carbon or oxygen abundance as small as ~0.01-0.1% of that found in the Sun, cooling by singly-ionized carbon or neutral oxygen can lead to the formation of low-mass stars. This mechanism naturally accommodates the discovery of solar mass stars with unusually low (10^{-5.3} of the solar value) iron abundance but with a high (10^{-1.3} solar) carbon abundance. The minimum stellar mass at early epochs is partially regulated by the temperature of the cosmic microwave background. The derived critical abundances can be used to identify those metal-poor stars in our Milky Way galaxy with elemental patterns imprinted by the first supernovae.

  13. Thermal indicator for wells

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gaven, Jr., Joseph V. (Oakton, VA); Bak, Chan S. (Newbury Park, CA)

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Minute durable plate-like thermal indicators are employed for precision measuring static and dynamic temperatures of well drilling fluids. The indicators are small enough and sufficiently durable to be circulated in the well with drilling fluids during the drilling operation. The indicators include a heat resistant indicating layer, a coacting meltable solid component and a retainer body which serves to unitize each indicator and which may carry permanent indicator identifying indicia. The indicators are recovered from the drilling fluid at ground level by known techniques.

  14. L b t t di f D kLow carbon energy system studies for Denmark Peter Meibom & Kenneth Karlsson, 2008 June 9th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    %,-80% CO2: -50% Renewable share (%/net) 30% 30%, 39% 36%, 52% Savings (%/year) 1.25-1.5% 1.9-2.5% 2.8% Oil NACCS NA NA (X) - X NA Natural gas X X (fuel cells) - - - - Wave, solar, geothermal -,(X),- X,X,X (X

  15. Tamper indicating bolt

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Blagin, Sergei V.; Barkanov, Boris P.

    2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A tamper-indicating fastener has a cylindrical body with threads extending from one end along a portion of the body, and a tamper indicating having a transducer for converting physical properties of the body into electronic data; electronics for recording the electronic data; and means for communicating the recorded information to a remote location from said fastener. The electronics includes a capacitor that varies as a function of force applied by the fastener, and non-volatile memory for recording instances when the capacitance varies, providing an indication of unauthorized access.

  16. Federal Water Use Indices

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    FEMP provides water use indices as a guide for Federal agencies. Note that each is a rough estimate of water usage at different types of sites. Your site may vary considerably.

  17. Industrial energy use indices 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanegan, Andrew Aaron

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy use index (EUI) is an important measure of energy use which normalizes energy use by dividing by building area. Energy use indices and associated coefficients of variation are computed for major industry categories ...

  18. Enhanced tamper indicator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Garcia, Anthony R.; Johnston, Roger G.

    2003-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides an apparatus and method whereby the reliability and tamper-resistance of tamper indicators can be improved. A flexible connector may be routed through a latch for an enclosure such as a door or container, and the free ends of the flexible connector may be passed through a first locking member and firmly attached to an insert through the use of one or more attachment members such as set screws. A second locking member may then be assembled in interlocking relation with the first locking member to form an interlocked assembly around the insert. The insert may have one or more sharp projections extending toward the first or second locking member so that any compressive force applied in an attempt to disassemble the interlocked assembly results in permanent, visible damage to the first or second locking member.

  19. Background paper for "The 10-50 Solution: Technologies and Policies for a Low-Carbon Future" Pew Center & NCEP Conference, Washington, DC, March 25 26, 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ­ 2% annual rate of decarbonization and efficiency improvements, our energy system could look very, and to international leadership in clean energy technology development and deployment. Technological and Market Outlook Center & NCEP Conference, Washington, DC, March 25 ­ 26, 2004 Renewable Energy Options for the Emerging

  20. Models for evaluation of energy technology and policy options to maximize low carbon source penetration in the United States energy supply.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickard, Paul S.; Kataoka, Dawn; Reno, Marissa Devan; Malczynski, Leonard A.; Peplinski, William J.; Roach, Jesse D.; Brainard, James Robert; West, Todd H.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An initial version of a Systems Dynamics (SD) modeling framework was developed for the analysis of a broad range of energy technology and policy questions. The specific question selected to demonstrate this process was 'what would be the carbon and import implications of expanding nuclear electric capacity to provide power for plug in hybrid vehicles?' Fifteen SNL SD energy models were reviewed and the US Energy and Greenhouse gas model (USEGM) and the Global Nuclear Futures model (GEFM) were identified as the basis for an initial modeling framework. A basic U.S. Transportation model was created to model U.S. fleet changes. The results of the rapid adoption scenario result in almost 40% of light duty vehicles being PHEV by 2040 which requires about 37 GWy/y of additional electricity demand, equivalent to about 25 new 1.4 GWe nuclear plants. The adoption rate of PHEVs would likely be the controlling factor in achieving the associated reduction in carbon emissions and imports.

  1. Operating Costs Estimates Cost Indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    to update costs of specific equipment, raw material or labor or CAPEX and OPEX of entire plants Cost Indices

  2. Strategies for Local Low-Carbon Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean Energy Practices: Renewable Portfolio Standards. NREL/Colorado: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. http://Office. 2012. “Texas Renewable Portfolio Standard. ” http://

  3. Option values of low carbon technology policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finon, Dominique; Meunier, Guy

    2012-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    important lessons could be deduced. A first lesson is related to the non monotonicity of marginal welfare with respect to the investment in LCT. Governements witnessing the financial costs of the support to renewable energies are contemplating... rates and some associated issues that are relevant to interpret the results. For instance, McDonald and Schrattenholzer (2001) survey estimations of learning rates in the energy sector and show, for photovoltaics, how the same...

  4. Graphene Growth on Low Carbon Solubility Metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wofford, Joseph Monroe

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    preparation of Cu substrates will lead to larger grapheneGraphene Growth on Cu(100), Cu(111), and Au(111) Substrate selection and preparationGraphene Growth on Cu(100), Cu(111), and Au(111) 3.1 Substrate selection and preparation

  5. Strategies for Local Low-Carbon Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    index.htm U.S. EPA. 2012c. “Landfill Gas Energy: A Guide toof Policy in Fostering Landfill Gas Use Worldwide. Paris,Technology Partnership: Landfill Gas Projects in South Korea

  6. Graphene Growth on Low Carbon Solubility Metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wofford, Joseph Monroe

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic properties of graphene. Reviews of Modernand E.A. Sutter, Epitaxial graphene on ruthenium. Natureopening in epitaxial graphene. Nature Materials, 2007. 6(

  7. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Markets * 2010 - 9 stations * 2011 - 6 stations * 2012 - 1 station New Station Pipeline * 2012 - 29 stations * 2013 - 31 projected stations * 2014 - Completion of projected...

  8. Strategies for Local Low-Carbon Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Energy Conservation Codes of Tianjing, effective July 1 st , 2012, stipulates that renewables such as solar and

  9. Strategies for Local Low-Carbon Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the International Network for Energy Demand Analysis in thecases, reductions in energy demand for manufacturing andbuildings, reducing energy demand for heating and cooling.

  10. Low-Carbon Energy Robert Socolow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petroleum Coal U.S. CO2 emissions, 2007, electricity allocated. Source: J. Sweeney, 2009. #12;Efficient Use on Climate Change March 30, 2009 #12;Source: IEA WEO 2007 Per-capita fossil-fuel CO2 emissions, 2005 1- World emissions: 27 billion tons CO2 #12;Source: IEA WEO 2007 Per-capita fossil-fuel CO2 emissions, 2005 1- World

  11. The Future of Low Carbon Transportation Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    " Nuclear" Oil resources" Unconventional:" oil shale liquid, " oil sands" Coal resources" Transport! Elec

  12. Strategies for Local Low-Carbon Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the 2006 International Energy Conservation Code model codethe 2006 International Energy Conservation Code model code

  13. Low Carbon Investors Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:Landowners andLodgepole,Lotsee, Oklahoma:Ohio: EnergyLoving

  14. California Low Carbon Fuels Infrastructure Investment Initiative |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny: Theof Energy Change Request |82:91:4Applications |

  15. Low Carbon Research Institute | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobs in an

  16. Low Carbon Transition Unit | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobs inUnit

  17. Low Carbon World | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremoJobs inUnitWorld Jump to:

  18. China Low Carbon Platform | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.png El CER esDataset Country Chile SouthIntegrated

  19. National Climate Assessment Indicators: Background, Development, & Examples

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janetos, Anthony C.; Chen, Robert; Arndt, Deke; Kenney, Melissa A.; Abbasi, Daniel; Armstrong, Tom; Bartuska, Ann; Blair, Maria; Buizer, Jim; Dietz, Tom; Easterling, Dave; Kaye, Jack; Kolian, Michael; McGeehin, Michael; O'Connor, Robert; Pulwarty, Roger; Running, Steve; Schmalensee, Dick; Webb, Robert; Weltzin, Jake; Baptista, Sandra; Enquist, Carolyn A.; Janetos, Anthony C.; Chen, Robert; Arndt, Deke; Hatfield, Jerry; Hayes, Mark L.; Jones, K. Burce; McNutt, Chad; Meier, Wayne R.; Schwartz, Mark D.; Svoboda, Mark

    2012-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Indicators are usually thought of as measurements or calculations that represent important features of the status, trend, or performance of a system of interest (e.g. the economy, agriculture, air quality). They are often used for the most practical of reasons – one cannot measure everything important about systems of interest, so there is a practical need to identify major features that can be reported periodically and used to guide both research and decisions (NRC 2000).

  20. Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lighting Appliance Definition Energy use per householdE/employee Indicator E/m Definition Energy use per squarem 2 per building type Definition Energy per square meter for

  1. Energy Efficiency Indicators Methodology Booklet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, Jayant; Price, Lynn; McNeil, Michael; de la rue du Can, Stephane

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Methodology Booklet provides a comprehensive review and methodology guiding principles for constructing energy efficiency indicators, with illustrative examples of application to individual countries. It reviews work done by international agencies and national government in constructing meaningful energy efficiency indicators that help policy makers to assess changes in energy efficiency over time. Building on past OECD experience and best practices, and the knowledge of these countries' institutions, relevant sources of information to construct an energy indicator database are identified. A framework based on levels of hierarchy of indicators -- spanning from aggregate, macro level to disaggregated end-use level metrics -- is presented to help shape the understanding of assessing energy efficiency. In each sector of activity: industry, commercial, residential, agriculture and transport, indicators are presented and recommendations to distinguish the different factors affecting energy use are highlighted. The methodology booklet addresses specifically issues that are relevant to developing indicators where activity is a major factor driving energy demand. A companion spreadsheet tool is available upon request.

  2. Simplifying Tensor Polynomials with Indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Balfagon; X. Jaen

    1998-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We are presenting an algorithm capable of simplifying tensor polynomials with indices when the building tensors have index symmetry properties. These properties include simple symmetry, cyclicity and those due to the presence of partial and covariant derivatives. We are also including some examples using the Riemann tensor as a paradigm. The algorithm is part of a Mathematica package called Tools of Tensor Calculus (TTC) [web address: http://baldufa.upc.es/ttc

  3. Non-intrusive refrigerant charge indicator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mei, Viung C.; Chen, Fang C.; Kweller, Esher

    2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-intrusive refrigerant charge level indicator includes a structure for measuring at least one temperature at an outside surface of a two-phase refrigerant line section. The measured temperature can be used to determine the refrigerant charge status of an HVAC system, and can be converted to a pressure of the refrigerant in the line section and compared to a recommended pressure range to determine whether the system is under-charged, properly charged or over-charged. A non-intrusive method for assessing the refrigerant charge level in a system containing a refrigerant fluid includes the step of measuring a temperature at least one outside surface of a two-phase region of a refrigerant containing refrigerant line, wherein the temperature measured can be converted to a refrigerant pressure within the line section.

  4. Corrosion indicating equipment UK-1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gerasimenko, Y.S.; Abrosimov, V.S.; Rudenko, A.K.; Sorokin, V.I.

    1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UK-1, developed and introduced into oil industry corrosion-indicating equipment, has been developed on the basis of the principle of measurements of polarization resistance. It is designed for determining the corrosion activity of effluents of oil fields. The technical data and design of the equipment is discussed. The investigations were carried out on 08kp steel in simulation effluents of oil fields in the presence of corrosion inhibitors used in the oil industry at various temperatures (25-50 C) and liquid flow rate.

  5. Tamper-indicating barcode and method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cummings, Eric B.; Even, Jr., William R.; Simmons, Blake A.; Dentinger, Paul Michael

    2005-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel tamper-indicating barcode methodology is disclosed that allows for detection of alteration to the barcode. The tamper-indicating methodology makes use of a tamper-indicating means that may be comprised of a particulate indicator, an optical indicator, a deformable substrate, and/or may be an integrated aspect of the barcode itself. This tamper-indicating information provides greater security for the contents of containers sealed with the tamper-indicating barcodes.

  6. Indices to detect Hopf bifurcation in Induction motor drives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnendu Chakrabarty; Urmila Kar

    2014-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The loss of stability of induction motor controlled by Indirect Field Oriented Control (IFOC) is a matter of great concern of operators and design engineers. This paper reports indices to detect and predict stability problem such as system oscillations. Oscillations as a result of loss of stability, due to Hopf bifurcation, for different parameter values of IFOC motor are studied using the proposed indices.

  7. A significant number of Iowa water treatment systems are dependent upon well-based water sources. Because of this, CIRAS efforts have been focused on the "Ground Water Levels" as reported by Iowa DNR. Currently, DNR officials are indicating that restricti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    A significant number of Iowa water treatment systems are dependent upon well-based water sources. Because of this, CIRAS efforts have been focused on the "Ground Water Levels" as reported by Iowa DNR. Currently, DNR officials are indicating that restrictions or loss of the water supply is not likely

  8. The Relative Lyapunov Indicators: Theory and Application to Dynamical Astronomy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sándor, Zsolt

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recently introduced chaos detection method, the Relative Lyapunov Indicator (RLI) is investigated in the cases of symplectic mappings and continuous Hamiltonian systems. It is shown that the RLI is an efficient numerical tool in determining the true nature of individual orbits, and in separating ordered and chaotic regions of the phase space of dynamical systems. A comparison between the RLI and some other variational indicators are presented, as well as the recent applications of the RLI to various problems of dynamical astronomy.

  9. Nuclear-Renewable Hybrid System Economic Basis for Electricity, Fuel, and Hydrogen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Charles Forsberg; Steven Aumeier

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Concerns about climate change and altering the ocean chemistry are likely to limit the use of fossil fuels. That implies a transition to a low-carbon nuclear-renewable electricity grid. Historically variable electricity demand was met using fossil plants with low capital costs, high operating costs, and substantial greenhouse gas emissions. However, the most easily scalable very-low-emissions generating options, nuclear and non-dispatchable renewables (solar and wind), are capital-intensive technologies with low operating costs that should operate at full capacities to minimize costs. No combination of fully-utilized nuclear and renewables can meet the variable electricity demand. This implies large quantities of expensive excess generating capacity much of the time. In a free market this results in near-zero electricity prices at times of high nuclear renewables output and low electricity demand with electricity revenue collapse. Capital deployment efficiency—the economic benefit derived from energy systems capital investment at a societal level—strongly favors high utilization of these capital-intensive systems, especially if low-carbon nuclear renewables are to replace fossil fuels. Hybrid energy systems are one option for better utilization of these systems that consumes excess energy at times of low prices to make some useful product.The economic basis for development of hybrid energy systems is described for a low-carbon nuclear renewable world where much of the time there are massivequantities of excess energy available from the electric sector.Examples include (1) high-temperature electrolysis to generate hydrogen for non-fossil liquid fuels, direct use as a transport fuel, metal reduction, etc. and (2) biorefineries.Nuclear energy with its concentrated constant heat output may become the enabling technology for economically-viable low-carbon electricity grids because hybrid nuclear systems may provide an economic way to produce dispatachable variable electricity with economic base-load operation of the reactor.

  10. Energy Indicators for Sustainable Development: Guidelines and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Some indicators focus on the delivery of essential energy services for reducing poverty and improving living conditions, while other indicators focus on environmental...

  11. Globular cluster luminosity function as distance indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rejkuba, M

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Globular clusters are among the first objects used to establish the distance scale of the Universe. In the 1970-ies it has been recognized that the differential magnitude distribution of old globular clusters is very similar in different galaxies presenting a peak at M_V ~ -7.5. This peak magnitude of the so-called Globular Cluster Luminosity Function has been then established as a secondary distance indicator. The intrinsic accuracy of the method has been estimated to be of the order of ~0.2 mag, competitive with other distance determination methods. Lately the study of the Globular Cluster Systems has been used more as a tool for galaxy formation and evolution, and less so for distance determinations. Nevertheless, the collection of homogeneous and large datasets with the ACS on board HST presented new insights on the usefulness of the Globular Cluster Luminosity Function as distance indicator. I discuss here recent results based on observational and theoretical studies, which show that this distance indica...

  12. Physical security and tamper-indicating devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnston, R.G.; Garcia, A.R.E.

    1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Computer systems, electronic communications, digital data, and computer storage media are often highly vulnerable to physical tampering. Tamper-indicating devices, also called security seals, are widely used to detect physical tampering or unauthorized access. We studied 94 different security seals, both passive and electronic, developed either commercially or by the US government. Most of these seals are in wide-spread use, including for critical applications. We learned how to defeat all 94 seals using rapid, inexpensive, low-tech methods. Cost was not a good predictor of seal security. It appears to us that many of these seals can be dramatically improved with minor, low-cost modifications to either the seal or the use protocol.

  13. Review of sustainability indices and indicators: Towards a new City Sustainability Index (CSI)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mori, Koichiro, E-mail: kmori@iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute of Industrial Science, University of Tokyo (Japan); Christodoulou, Aris, E-mail: aris.christodoulou@ucl.ac.uk [Centre for Transport Studies, University College London (United Kingdom)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss conceptual requirements for a City Sustainability Index (CSI) and to review existing major sustainability indices/indicators in terms of the requirements. The following indices are reviewed: Ecological Footprint (EF), Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI), Dashboard of Sustainability (DS), Welfare Index, Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI), Index of Sustainable Economic Welfare, City Development Index, emergy/exergy, Human Development Index (HDI), Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI), Environmental Policy Index (EPI), Living Planet Index (LPI), Environmentally-adjusted Domestic Product (EDP), Genuine Saving (GS), and some applications of composite indices or/and multivariate indicators to local or regional context as case studies. The key conceptual requirements for an adequate CSI are: (i) to consider environmental, economic and social aspects (the triple bottom line of sustainability) from the viewpoint of strong sustainability; (ii) to capture external impacts (leakage effects) of city on other areas beyond the city boundaries particularly in terms of environmental aspects; (iii) to create indices/indicators originally for the purpose of assessing city sustainability; and (iv) to be able to assess world cities in both developed and developing countries using common axes of evaluation. Based on the review, we conclude that it is necessary to create a new CSI that enables us to assess and compare cities' sustainability performance in order to understand the global impact of cities on the environment and human life as compared with their economic contribution. In the future, the CSI will be able to provide local authorities with guidance toward sustainable paths. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer We derive the four key requirements for a new City Sustainability Index (CSI) system. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer First, the triple bottom line must be considered in terms of strong sustainability. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Second, environmental leakage effects beyond city boundaries should be captured. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Third, 'city sustainability' should be originally considered when CSI is created. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Fourth, cities in developed and developing countries can be evaluated without bias.

  14. FIELD TEST OF THE FLAME QUALITY INDICATOR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andrew M. Rudin; Thomas Butcher; Henry Troost

    2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The flame quality indicator concept was developed at BNL specifically to monitor the brightness of the flame in a small oil burner and to provide a ''call for service'' notification when the brightness has changed from its setpoint, either high or low. In prior development work BNL has explored the response of this system to operational upsets such as excess air changes, fouled atomizer nozzles, poor fuel quality, etc. Insight Technologies, Inc. and Honeywell, Inc. have licensed this technology from the U.S. Department of Energy and have been cooperating to develop product offerings which meet industry needs with an optimal combination of function and price. Honeywell has recently completed the development of the Flame Quality Monitor (FQM or Honeywell QS7100F). This is a small module which connects via a serial cable to the burners primary operating control. Primary advantages of this approach are simplicity, cost, and ease of installation. Call-for-service conditions are output in the form of front panel indicator lights and contact closure which can trigger a range of external communication options. Under this project a field test was conducted of the FQM in cooperation with service organizations in Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut. At total of 83 field sites were included. At each site the FQM was installed in parallel with another embodiment of this concept--the Insight AFQI. The AFQI incorporates a modem and provides the ability to provide detailed information on the trends in the flame quality over the course of the two year test period. The test site population was comprised of 79.5% boilers, 13.7% warm air furnaces, and 6.8% water heaters. Nearly all were of residential size--with firing rates ranging from 0.6 gallons of oil per hour to 1.25. During the course of the test program the monitoring equipment successfully identified problems including: plugged fuel lines, fouled nozzles, collapsed combustion chambers, and poor fuel pump cut-off. Service organizations can use these early indications to reduce problems and service costs. There were also some ''call-for-service'' indications for which problems were not identified. The test program also showed that monitoring of the flame can provide information on burner run times and this can be used to estimate current oversize factors and to determine actual fuel usage, enabling more efficient fuel delivery procedures.

  15. Energy Performance Indicator | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Performance Indicator Energy Performance Indicator April 17, 2014 - 10:57am Addthis The EnPI V3.0 is a regression analysis based tool developed by the U.S. Department of...

  16. Environmental indicators of biofuel sustainability: What about context?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; McBride, Allen [ORNL; Bielicki, Jeffrey M [ORNL; Smith, Raymond [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Parish, Esther S [ORNL; Schweizer, Peter E [ORNL; Shaw, Denice [U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Indicators of the environmental sustainability of biofuel production, distribution, and use should be selected, measured, and interpreted with respect to the context in which they are used. These indicators include measures of soil quality, water quality and quantity, greenhouse-gas emissions, biodiversity, air quality, and vegetation productivity. Contextual considerations include the purpose for the sustainability analysis, the particular biofuel production and distribution system (including supply chain, management aspects, and system viability), policy conditions, stakeholder values, location, temporal influences, spatial scale, baselines, and reference scenarios. Recommendations presented in this paper include formulating the problem for particular analyses, selecting appropriate context-specific indicators of environmental sustainability, and developing indicators that can reflect multiple environmental properties at low cost within a defined context. In addition, contextual considerations such as technical objectives, varying values and perspectives of stakeholder groups, and availability and reliability of data need to be understood and considered. Sustainability indicators for biofuels are most useful if adequate historical data are available, information can be collected at appropriate spatial and temporal scales, organizations are committed to use indicator information in the decision-making process, and indicators can effectively guide behavior toward more sustainable practices.

  17. Effect of turing pattern indicators on CIMA oscillators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noszticzius, Z. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)]|[Technical Univ. of Budapest (Hungary); Qi Ouyang; McCormick, W.D.; Swinney, H.L. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    1992-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Past experiments on Turing patterns have all been conducted using the chlorite-iodide-malonic acid (CIMA) reaction with Thiodene from Prolabo as an indicator. In this work two other indicators have been examined and found to yield Turing patterns similar to those obtained with Thiodene: soluble starch and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). The present work shows that Thiodene is not simply a soluble starch, as previously assumed, but is probably made by mixing about 7% starch with 93% molten urea. To determine whether the indicators might also effect the chemical kinetics, the effect of the indicators was examined in batch studies of two CIMA systems: the minimal CIMA system (chlorine dioxide-iodine-malonic acid) and the CIMA-Cl system (chlorine dioxide-iodomalonic acid-chloride). It was found that starch and poly(vinyl alcohol) affect the dynamics of the minimal CIMA oscillator but they have no effect on the CIMA-Cl system. On the other hand, in the same or even larger weight/volume concentration glucose and 2-propanol has no effect on the minimal CIMA system. These finding prove that starch and poly(vinyl alcohol) participate exclusively in triiodide complex-forming reactions: they react with an enzyme-like selectivity. Thiodene, however, has an effect on the CIMA-Cl reaction because of its urea content. 19 refs., 6 figs.

  18. Comparative study of variational chaos indicators and ODEs' numerical integrators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luciano A. Darriba; Nicolás P. Maffione; Pablo M. Cincotta; Claudia M. Giordano

    2012-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The reader can find in the literature a lot of different techniques to study the dynamics of a given system and also, many suitable numerical integrators to compute them. Notwithstanding the recent work of Maffione et al. (2011a) for mappings, a detailed comparison among the widespread indicators of chaos in a general system is still lacking. Such a comparison could lead to select the most efficient algorithms given a certain dynamical problem. Furthermore, in order to choose the appropriate numerical integrators to compute them, more comparative studies among numerical integrators are also needed. This work deals with both problems. We first extend the work of Maffione et al. (2011) for mappings to the 2D H\\'enon & Heiles (1964) potential, and compare several variational indicators of chaos: the Lyapunov Indicator (LI); the Mean Exponential Growth Factor of Nearby Orbits (MEGNO); the Smaller Alignment Index (SALI) and its generalized version, the Generalized Alignment Index (GALI); the Fast Lyapunov Indicator (FLI) and its variant, the Orthogonal Fast Lyapunov Indicator (OFLI); the Spectral Distance (D) and the Dynamical Spectras of Stretching Numbers (SSNs). We also include in the record the Relative Lyapunov Indicator (RLI), which is not a variational indicator as the others. Then, we test a numerical technique to integrate Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) based on the Taylor method implemented by Jorba & Zou (2005) (called taylor), and we compare its performance with other two well-known efficient integrators: the Prince & Dormand (1981) implementation of a Runge-Kutta of order 7-8 (DOPRI8) and a Bulirsch-St\\"oer implementation. These tests are run under two very different systems from the complexity of their equations point of view: a triaxial galactic potential model and a perturbed 3D quartic oscillator.

  19. The effect of cogeneration on system reliability indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soethe, John Robert

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    section were assumed to receive full capacity credit. This means that the 880MW spinning reserve level was not changed when cogeneration was added and the released capacities determined. Five 100MW cogenerators with no capacity credit are now assumed... Reserves - Summer 1 oad Case Full Capacity Credit Spinning ltcserve iield Constant Spinning Released Reserve Capacity EUK ((('A') (h1WJ~MWII KUK (M EVII r) +MWJ (IvtW) No Capacity Credit Spinning Rcscrvc fncrcascd Spinning Released Reserve Capar...

  20. Status of Institutional Criteria and Indicators THOMAS D. LUSTIG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyoming, University of

    depend on the state and national tax policy which could provide economic incentives for resting the land Rangelands Roundtable is to identify indicators of sustainability based on social, economic, and ecological and water; social and economic factors; capacity of systems; health and diversity; and legal- economic

  1. Eco-innovation indicator workshop 29th September 2005 at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in implementing the Environment Technology Action Plan, linked to the Lisbon agenda · Currently, the field of eco-innovation frames in eco-innovation development: the innovation chain or system; and environment technology with itsEco-innovation indicator workshop 29th September 2005 at European Environment Agency Conclusions

  2. Using Key Performance Indicators to Manage Energy Costs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Gorp, J. C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -effective to collect much more data than ever before, many energy managers find themselves drowning in the volume of data generated. Business information systems faced a similar challenge a decade ago, and it is now common practice to use Key Performance Indicators...

  3. An error indicator for semidiscrete schemes Daniele Marobin1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceragioli, Francesca

    is the density, e is the internal energy, is the ratio of specific heats, and vx and vy are the x and y Refinement (AMR) codes for gas-dynamics, see for instance [1] for one of the most classic examples and [2 computations. 2 The entropy indicator We consider the hyperbolic system of conservation laws: ut + fx(u) + gy

  4. FieldIndicators of Hydric Soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    Soils, Version 5.01, 2003 Natural Resources Conservation Service Wetland Science Institute Soil on the right has mucky peat (hemic soil material) to a depth of about 8 cm. If indicator S2 (2.5 cm mucky peat or peat) or indicator S3 (5 cm mucky peat or peat) is not a concern, morphologies below 8 cm would

  5. Approximating Power Indices --Theoretical and Empirical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenschein, Jeff

    , by providing lower bounds for both deter- ministic and randomized algorithms for calculating power indices. WeApproximating Power Indices -- Theoretical and Empirical Analysis Yoram Bachrach School and Computer Science, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel Amin Saberi Department of Management Science

  6. Scintillation probe with photomultiplier tube saturation indicator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ruch, Jeffrey F. (Bethel Park, PA); Urban, David J. (Glassport, PA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A photomultiplier tube saturation indicator is formed by supplying a supplemental light source, typically an light emitting diode (LED), adjacent to the photomultiplier tube. A switch allows the light source to be activated. The light is forwarded to the photomultiplier tube by an optical fiber. If the probe is properly light tight, then a meter attached to the indicator will register the light from the LED. If the probe is no longer light tight, and the saturation indicator is saturated, no signal will be registered when the LED is activated.

  7. Redshift indicators for gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J-L. Atteia

    2005-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The measure of the distances and luminosities of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) led to the discovery that many GRB properties are strongly correlated with their intrinsic luminosity, leading to the construction of reliable luminosity indicators. These GRB luminosity indicators have quickly found applications, like the construction of 'pseudo-redshifts', or the measure of luminosity distances, which can be computed independently of the measure of the redshift. In this contribution I discuss various issues connected with the construction of luminosity-redshift indicators for gamma-ray bursts.

  8. ANNUAL REPORT: INDICATORS OF INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    ANNUAL REPORT: INDICATORS OF INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY 2010-2011 #12;2 #12;3 T A B L E O F C O N T E N ................................................................................................................. 5 Quantitative Measures of Quality................................................................................................................... 20 Total Research Expenditures

  9. Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zaferatos, Nicholas C.

    Benchmarking Sustainability: the use of Indicators Introduction The concept of sustainable development is both very popular and elusive. The overwhelming appeal of sustainability is situated to build a generally shared perception of sustainable development (Butler, 1998). For many people

  10. Off-label indications for imiquimod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganjian, Shahrouz; Ourian, Ariel J; Shamtoub, GabrEal; Wu, Jashin J; Murase, Jenny E

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Off-label indications for imiquimod Shahrouz Ganjian 1 ,potential candidate for off-label use in over 60 conditionspotential candidate for off-label use in over 60 conditions

  11. Optical temperature indicator using thermochromic semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, J.W.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reversible optical temperature indicator utilizes thermochromic semiconductors which vary in color in response to various temperature levels. The thermochromic material is enclosed in an enamel which provides protection and prevents breakdown at higher temperatures. Cadmium sulfide is the preferred semiconductor material. The indicator may be utilized as a sign or in a striped arrangement to clearly provide a warning to a user. The various color responses provide multiple levels of alarm.

  12. Societal health and urban sustainability indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Petrich, C.H.; Tonn, B.E.

    1996-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Without the social will, no city can successfully Undertake the planning and programs necessary for meaningful progress toward sustainability. Social will derives from wellsprings of vital societal health. This paper presents an approach to helping cities in APEC member economies initiate a program for developing indicators of sustainability. Representative indicators of social capital and other aspects of civic engagement, as proxies for societal health, are presented.

  13. Optical temperature indicator using thermochromic semiconductors

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kronberg, James W. (108 Independent Blvd., Aiken, SC 29801)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A reversible optical temperature indicator utilizes thermochromic semiconductors which vary in color in response to various temperature levels. The thermochromic material is enclosed in an enamel which provides protection and prevents breakdown at higher temperatures. Cadmium sulfide is the preferred semiconductor material. The indicator may be utilized as a sign or in a striped arrangement to clearly provide a warning to a user. The various color responses provide multiple levels of alarm.

  14. Performance indicators for first quarter CY 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Department-Wide Performance Indicator (PI) Program for trending and analysis of operational data as directed by DOE Order 5480.26. The PI Program was established to provide a means for monitoring the environment safety, and health (ES&H) performance of the DOE at the Secretary and other management levels. This is the thirteenth in a series of quarterly reports generated for the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) by EG&G Idaho, Inc., to meet the requirements of the PI Program as directed by the DOE Standard (DOE-STD-1048-92). The report format and content adhere to the guidelines established In DOE Order 5480.26, Trending and Analysis of Operations Information Using Performance Indicators, and DOE-STD-1048-92, DOE Peformance Indicators Guidance Document.

  15. Performance Indicators of Wind Energy Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D'Amico, G; Prattico, F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modeling wind speed is one of the key element when dealing with the production of energy through wind turbines. A good model can be used for forecasting, site evaluation, turbines design and many other purposes. In this work we are interested in the analysis of the future financial cash flows generated by selling the electrical energy produced. We apply an indexed semi-Markov model of wind speed that has been shown, in previous investigation, to reproduce accurately the statistical behavior of wind speed. The model is applied to the evaluation of financial indicators like the Internal Rate of Return, semi-Elasticity and relative Convexity that are widely used for the assessment of the profitability of an investment and for the measurement and analysis of interest rate risk. We compare the computation of these indicators for real and synthetic data. Moreover, we propose a new indicator that can be used to compare the degree of utilization of different power plants.

  16. State of charge indicators for a battery

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rouhani, S. Zia (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention relates to state of charge indicators for a battery. One aspect of the present invention utilizes expansion and contraction displacements of an electrode plate of a battery to gauge the state of charge in the battery. One embodiment of a battery of the present invention includes an anodic plate; a cathodic plate; an electrolyte in contact with the anodic and cathodic plates; plural terminals individually coupled with one of the anodic and cathodic plates; a separator intermediate the anodic and cathodic plates; an indicator configured to indicate an energy level of the battery responsive to movement of the separator; and a casing configured to house the anodic and cathodic plates, electrolyte, and separator.

  17. Lanthanide-halide based humidity indicators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beitz, James V. (Hinsdale, IL); Williams, Clayton W. (Chicago, IL)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention discloses a lanthanide-halide based humidity indicator and method of producing such indicator. The color of the present invention indicates the humidity of an atmosphere to which it is exposed. For example, impregnating an adsorbent support such as silica gel with an aqueous solution of the europium-containing reagent solution described herein, and dehydrating the support to dryness forms a substance with a yellow color. When this substance is exposed to a humid atmosphere the water vapor from the air is adsorbed into the coating on the pore surface of the silica gel. As the water content of the coating increases, the visual color of the coated silica gel changes from yellow to white. The color change is due to the water combining with the lanthanide-halide complex on the pores of the gel.

  18. Proportional structural effects of formative indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franke, George R.; Preacher, Kristopher J.; Rigdon, Ed E.

    2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    : an application to the motion picture industry. J Acad Mark Sci 2006;34(Fall):559–75. Howell RD, Breivik E, Wilcox JB. Is formative measurement really mea- surement? Reply to Bollen (2007) and Bagozzi (2007). Psychol Methods 2007;12(December):238–45. Jarvis CB... and Winklhofer, 2001; Edwards and Bagozzi, 2000; Jarvis et al., 2003; Petter et al., 2007). Some criteria deal with constructs and indicators in isolation from other constructs. For example, reflective indicators of a unidimensional construct manifest the same...

  19. A Path Forward for Low Carbon Power from Biomass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cuellar, Amanda

    The two major pathways for energy utilization from biomass are conversion to a liquid fuel (i.e., biofuels) or conversion to electricity (i.e., biopower). In the United States (US), biomass policy has focused on biofuels. ...

  20. Logistics in a Low Carbon World Dr Maja I. Piecyk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Government #12;Potential CO2 Reduction and Costs in Different Sectors (idealised) Logistics Agriculture Other, batteries, solar panels etc. 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Natural gas Nuclear Coal Wind

  1. Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Resource assessment, Pathways analysis, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications, Case studiesexamples Website: workspace.imperial.ac.ukenergyfutureslabPublic...

  2. Dominican Republic-Designing and Communicating Low Carbon Energy...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    measures in place or planned Analysis of additional efficiency opportunities 3. Technology Assessment Assess current status of renewable energy deployment. Provide...

  3. Heat delivery in a low carbon economy Jamie Speirs1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rather than direct use of fossil fuels. We describe the agreement among these scenarios as the ,,all are currently met through the direct combustion of fossil fuels, primarily natural gas (DECC 2009a). Heat demand. The flexibility of that thermal storage can also provide mechanisms by which intermittent

  4. Greenhouse Gas Reductions under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Association, Historic U.S. Fuel Ethanol Production. http://state subsides for fuel ethanol are excluded. The constantblending more ethanol into the fuel supply. The assumption

  5. Greenhouse Gas Reductions Under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Association, Historic U.S. Fuel Ethanol Production. http://state subsides for fuel ethanol are excluded. The constantblending more ethanol into the fuel supply. The assumption

  6. Greenhouse Gas Reductions under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relative to historic energy production, can attain the ?rst-associated with energy production. To illustrate the mainor decrease total energy production. If the LCFS increases

  7. Greenhouse Gas Reductions Under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    relative to historic energy production, can attain the ?rst-associated with energy production. To illustrate the mainor decrease total energy production. If the LCFS increases

  8. The ongoing University of Minnesota low carbon fuels policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    · Most of our CO2 emissions come from electricity production and from transportation · Compared to these · Greenhouse gases are messing with the climate · Most of our GHG emissions are in the form of carbon dioxide-human environment effects of fuels' production and use ·Consider great range of uncertainty for some impacts

  9. Building Energy in China: Forward to Low-Carbon Economy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiding, L.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 Limitation of technologies due to weather diversity ?Natural ventilation ?Solar energy (photovoltaic) ?Daylighting ?Ground source heat pump 18 ESL... Photovoltaic: an expensive technology for demo ? Duration of equivalent full-load bright sunshine is only 980 hours in Shanghai; ? The cost of photovoltaic is 70,000RMB/kW; ? Electric tariff is about 1RMB/kWh for commercial buildings; ? Pay back period would...

  10. Greenhouse Gas Reductions Under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power, and asymmetric ?rms are discussed in the section on trading.market power in the two industries for future work. Tradingpower. In Section 4, we discuss meeting the LCFS by trading

  11. Greenhouse Gas Reductions under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power, and asymmetric ?rms are discussed in the section on trading.market power in the two industries for future work. Tradingpower. In Section 4, we discuss meeting the LCFS by trading

  12. Vietnam-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency,...

  13. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency,...

  14. Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Organization Asian Development Bank Partner Japan, United Kingdom Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency,...

  15. Thesis for Doctor of Philosophy Design of Low-Carbon,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    (Computational Metallurgy) Pohang, Korea 26 September 2011 Approved by Prof. Bhadeshia, H. K. D. H. Prof. Suh of Computational Metallurgy in the Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology, Pohang University of Science and Technology and Professor of Physical Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, between March 2008 and September

  16. Master Thesis Low-Carbon, Low-Temperature Bainite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Technology (Computational Metallurgy) Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology Pohang University of Science By Yang, Hong-Seok Department of Ferrous Technology (Computational Metallurgy) Graduate Institute of Science in the Graduate Institute of Ferrous Technology (Computational Metallurgy) Pohang, Korea 20

  17. Method for the preparation of ferrous low carbon porous material

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Curtis Jack

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A method for preparing a porous metal article using a powder metallurgy forming process is provided which eliminates the conventional steps associated with removing residual carbon. The method uses a feedstock that includes a ferrous metal powder and a polycarbonate binder. The polycarbonate binder can be removed by thermal decomposition after the metal article is formed without leaving a carbon residue.

  18. Greenhouse Gas Reductions under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weekly Retail Gasoline and Diesel Prices. U.S. Department offrom retail price less the federal gasoline tax and weightedgasoline supply for example, Dahl and Duggan (1996). As prices are retail prices,

  19. Greenhouse Gas Reductions Under Low Carbon Fuel Standards?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Stephen P.; Knittel, Christopher R; Hughes, Jonathan E.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Weekly Retail Gasoline and Diesel Prices. U.S. Department offrom retail price less the federal gasoline tax and weightedgasoline supply for example, Dahl and Duggan (1996). As prices are retail prices,

  20. Low Carbon Development: Planning & Modelling Course | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

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  1. Low Carbon Economy Index 2010 | Open Energy Information

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  2. Low Carbon Society (LCS) Database | Open Energy Information

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  3. Low-Carbon Energy: A Roadmap | Open Energy Information

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  4. Low-Carbon Land Transport Policy Handbook | Open Energy Information

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  5. Electricity Network Investment and Regulation for a Low Carbon Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.; Bialek, Janusz

    much does it cost to get it wrong?, CMI Electricity Project Working Paper No.63. Hogan, W.W. (1998), Competitive Electricity Market Design: A Wholesale Primer. John F.Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Department... of Trade and Industry (2006) The Energy Challenge. Energy Review Report 2006, CM 6887 London: DTI. Elders, I., Ault, G, Galloway, S., McDonald, J., Kohler, J., Leach, M. and Enteric, L. (2006), ‘Electricity network scenarios for the United Kingdom...

  6. Liquid fuels perspective on ultra low carbon vehicles | Department of

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  7. WWF-Country-Specific Low Carbon Plans | Open Energy Information

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  8. Catalyzing Low Carbon Growth in Developing Countries | Open Energy

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  9. Central Networks Low Carbon Hub Optimizing renewable energy resources in

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  10. A Low Carbon Economic Strategy for Scotland | Open Energy Information

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  11. Policies for Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information

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  12. Scottish Enterprise Energy and Low Carbon Technologies | Open Energy

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  13. India-Low Carbon Transport | Open Energy Information

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  14. India-Options for Low Carbon Development | Open Energy Information

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  15. Indonesia-Low Carbon Development Options Study | Open Energy Information

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  16. Indonesia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

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  17. Philippines-Low Carbon Plan (LCP) | Open Energy Information

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  18. Philippines-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

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  19. Low Carbon Aviation Committee Meeting | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterEnergyGlossary ofHomeJC3 Bulletin Archive LabsAboutAboutLow

  20. EBRD-The Low Carbon Transition | Open Energy Information

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  1. Low Carbon Communities of the Americas | Open Energy Information

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  2. Low Carbon Society Scenarios Towards 2050 | Open Energy Information

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  3. Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG Contracting Jump to: navigation, search

  4. Stimulating Low-Carbon Vehicle Technologies | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt LtdShawangunk,SoutheastSt.Steep

  5. The Path to Low Carbon Passenger Vehicles | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideoStrategic|Industrial Sector, January 2000 | DepartmentRegulatory2

  6. Malaysia-Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer Plant Jump to:LandownersLuther,Jemez Pueblo Area (DOEMak-Ban /Management

  7. Mobilising private finance for low-carbon development | Open Energy

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  8. California Regulations on Renewble Hydrogen and Low Carbon Technologies |

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  9. Strengthening Planning Capacity for Low Carbon Growth in Developing Asia

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  10. Low Carbon Growth Country Studies Program | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |Jilin ZhongdiantouLichuanInformationLoremo AGInformationCountry

  11. Low Carbon Jobs in an Interconnected World | Open Energy Information

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  12. Low Carbon Society Toward 2050: Indonesia Energy Sector | Open Energy

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  13. Low Carbon Society Vision 2050: India | Open Energy Information

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  14. Mexico-Low-Carbon Development | Open Energy Information

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  15. Mexico-Low-Carbon Development | Open Energy Information

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  16. South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information

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  17. South Africa-Low Carbon Growth Strategy | Open Energy Information

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  18. Toward Low Carbon and Climate Change Resilient Territories | Open Energy

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  19. China-Low Carbon Development Zones | Open Energy Information

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  20. Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPrograms | Open Energy Information

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  1. Regional Workshop on Opportunities and Priorities for Low Carbon Green

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  2. Turkey-Low Carbon Plan (LCP) | Open Energy Information

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  3. UNDP-Low Carbon Portal | Open Energy Information

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  4. Uganda-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient Strategies

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  5. United Kingdom Low Carbon Transition Plan | Open Energy Information

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  6. Ghana-Supporting Low Carbon Growth | Open Energy Information

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  7. Guyana's Low Carbon Development Strategy | Open Energy Information

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  8. India-Low Carbon Transport | Open Energy Information

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  9. Indonesia-Low Carbon Growth Project | Open Energy Information

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  10. International Low-Carbon Energy Technology Platform | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup | OpenHunanInformation source History View New Pages

  11. Dominican Republic-Designing and Communicating Low Carbon Energy Roadmaps

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| Open EnergyProject Projectonly approved data?

  12. Enabling a Transition to Low Carbon Economies in Developing Countries:

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision| OpenElectromagneticElmwood CUSD8

  13. Watch for the red dot indicating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    > http:// > Watch for the red dot indicating expanded stories online sdm.mit.edu/pulse continued its facilities by constructing the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT) on a mountain in Chile isolated from the grid. The planned construction of the E-ELT and the challenges faced by the current

  14. The Scottish Forestry Strategy Description of indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Scottish Forestry Strategy Description of indicators Updated December 2011 1 #12;T h e S c o of wood energy plant (in megawatt thermal and electrical) Number of non-domestic, wood fuelled energy sector Forecast wood availability from the national forest estate Timber's contribution to Scottish Value

  15. Eco-innovation indicators European Environment Agency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eco-innovation indicators European Environment Agency Copenhagen, February 2006 #12;Page 2 consisted of Timo Mäkelä, DG Environment, Pierre Valette, DG Research, and Björn Stigson World Business measure the progress made in implementing the Environment Technology Action Plan. Currently, the field

  16. Vegetation Indices to Aid Areal Evapotranspiration Estimations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    Vegetation Indices to Aid Areal Evapotranspiration Estimations Jozsef Szilagyi1 Abstract: Multiyear Seevers and Ottmann 1994; Nicholson et al. 1996; Sz- ilagyi et al. 1998; Szilagyi and Parlange 1999; Szilagyi 2000 . Different authors drew differing conclusions about the appli- cability of NDVI to estimate

  17. Oxygen Detection via Nanoscale Optical Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Ruby N.

    Oxygen Detection via Nanoscale Optical Indicators Ruby N. Ghosh Dept. of Physics Michigan State University East Lansing, MI, USA weekschr@msu.edu Abstract--Oxygen plays a ubiquitous role in terrestrial developed an optical technique for monitoring oxygen in both gas and liquid phases utilizing nanoscale metal

  18. Indicators of recent environmental change in Alaska

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jacoby, G.C.; D`Arrigo, R.D.; Juday, G.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate models predict that global warming due to the effects of increasing trace gases will be amplified in northern high latitude regions, including Alaska. Several environmental indicators, including tree-ring based temperature reconstructions, borcal forest growth measurements and observations of glacial retreat all indicate that the general warming of the past century has been significant relative to prior centuries to millenia. The tree-ring records for central and northern Alaska indicate that annual temperature increased over the past century, peaked in the 1940s, and are still near the highest level for the past three centuries (Jacoby and D`Arrigo 1995). The tree-ring analyses also suggest that drought stress may now be a factor limiting growth at many northern sites. The recent warming combined with drier years may be altering the response of tree growth to climate and raising the likelihood of forest changes in Alaska and other boreal forests. Other tree-ring and forest data from southern and interior Alaska provide indices of the response of vegetation to extreme events (e.g., insect outbreaks, snow events) in Alaska (Juday and marler 1996). Historical maps, field measurements and satellite imagery indicate that Alaskan glaciers have receded over the past century (e.g., Hall and Benson 1996). Severe outbreaks of bark beetles may be on the increase due to warming, which can shorten their reproductive cycle. Such data and understanding of causes are useful for policy makers and others interested in evaluation of possible impacts of trace-gas induced warming and environmental change in the United States.

  19. Business processes integration and performance indicators in A. Bissay, P. Pernelle, A. Lefebvre , A. Bouras,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Business processes integration and performance indicators in a PLM A. Bissay, P. Pernelle, A to integrate Business Processes in a PLM system. This approach is implemented in automotive sector with second-tier subcontractor Keywords: PLM systems, business processes, performance indicators. hal-00345046,version1-8Dec2008

  20. Reducing the Carbon Footprint of Commercial Refrigeration Systems Using Life Cycle Climate Performance Analysis: From System Design to Refrigerant Options

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fricke, Brian A [ORNL] [ORNL; Abdelaziz, Omar [ORNL] [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward Allan [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, Life Cycle Climate Performance (LCCP) analysis is used to estimate lifetime direct and indirect carbon dioxide equivalent gas emissions of various refrigerant options and commercial refrigeration system designs, including the multiplex DX system with various hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, the HFC/R744 cascade system incorporating a medium-temperature R744 secondary loop, and the transcritical R744 booster system. The results of the LCCP analysis are presented, including the direct and indirect carbon dioxide equivalent emissions for each refrigeration system and refrigerant option. Based on the results of the LCCP analysis, recommendations are given for the selection of low GWP replacement refrigerants for use in existing commercial refrigeration systems, as well as for the selection of commercial refrigeration system designs with low carbon dioxide equivalent emissions, suitable for new installations.

  1. INDICE INDEX IMAGEN DE LA PORTADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutten, Rob

    #12;CCI 2006 2 INDICE INDEX IMAGEN DE LA PORTADA La imagen solar de la portada de este año fue imagen adjunta de la Tierra indica la escala. Esta línea se genera en la alta cromosfera del Sol, una magnético formando lazos. La imagen muestra la complejidad de los fenómenos observados en la línea H

  2. Residential market transformation: National and regional indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Wie McGrory, Laura L.; McNamara, Maureen; Suozzo, Margaret

    2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A variety of programs are underway to address market barriers to the adoption of energy-efficient residential technologies and practices. Most are administered by utilities, states, or regions that rely on the Energy Star as a consistent platform for program marketing and messaging. This paper reviews regional and national market transformation activities for three key residential end-uses -- air conditioning, clothes washing, and lighting -- characterizing current and ongoing programs; reporting on progress; identifying market indicators; and discussing implications.

  3. Performance indicators for third quarter, CY 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groh, M.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Department-wide Performance Indicator (PI) Program for trending and analysis of operational data as directed by DOE Order 5480.26. The Pl Program was established to provide a means for monitoring the environment safety, and health (ES&H) performance of the DOE at the Secretary and other management levels. This is the eleventh in a series of quarterly reports generated for the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) by EG&G Idaho, Inc. The information in this eleventh quarterly report, while contributing to a historical database for supporting future trending analysis, does not at this time provide a sound basis for developing trend-related conclusions. In the future, it is expected that trending and analysis of operational data will enhance the safety culture In both DOE and contractor organizations by providing an early warning of deteriorating environmental, safety, and health conditions. DOE-STD-1048-92 identifies four general areas of Pls. They are: Personnel Safety, Opperational Incidents, Environment, Management. These four areas have been subdivided into 28 performance indicators. Approximately 115 performance indicator control and distribution charts comprise the body of this report. A brief summary of Pls contained in each of these general areas is provided in each of these general areas is provided.

  4. Constraining the Braking Indices of Magnetars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Z F; Wang, N; Yuan, J P; Peng, Q H; Du, Y J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the lack of long term pulsed emission in quiescence and the strong timing noise, it is impossible to directly measure the braking index $n$ of a magnetar. Based on the estimated ages of their potentially associated supernova remnants (SNRs), we estimate the values of $n$ of nine magnetars with SNRs, and find that they cluster in a range of $1\\sim$41. Six magnetars have smaller braking indices of $13$ for other three magnetars are attributed to the decay of external braking torque, which might be caused by magnetic field decay. We estimate the possible wind luminosities for the magnetars with $13$ within the updated magneto-thermal evolution models. We point out that there could be some connections between the magnetar's anti-glitch event and its braking index, and the magnitude of $n$ should be taken into account when explaining the event. Although the constrained range of the magnetars' braking indices is tentative, our method provides an effective way to constrain the magnetars' braking indices if th...

  5. Performance indicators for public mental healthcare: A systematic international inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauriks, Steve; Buster, Marcel CA; de Wit, Matty AS; Arah, Onyebuchi A; Klazinga, Niek S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lauriks et al. : Performance indicators for public mentaland properties of unique performance indicators for publicOA, Klazinga NS: Performance indicators for public mental

  6. Diagnostic indicators for integrated assessment models of climate policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kriegler, Elmar; Petermann, Nils; Krey, Volker; Schwanitz, Jana; Luderer, Gunnar; Ashina, Shuichi; Bosetti, Valentina; Eom, Jiyong; Kitous, Alban; Mejean, Aurelie; Paroussos, Leonidas; Sano, Fuminori; Turton, Hal; Wilson, Charlie; Van Vuuren, Detlef

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Integrated assessments of how climate policy interacts with energy-economic systems can be performed by a variety of models with different functional structures. This article proposes a diagnostic scheme that can be applied to a wide range of integrated assessment models to classify differences among models based on their carbon price responses. Model diagnostics can uncover patterns and provide insights into why, under a given scenario, certain types of models behave in observed ways. Such insights are informative since model behavior can have a significant impact on projections of climate change mitigation costs and other policy-relevant information. The authors propose diagnostic indicators to characterize model responses to carbon price signals and test these in a diagnostic study with 11 global models. Indicators describe the magnitude of emission abatement and the associated costs relative to a harmonized baseline, the relative changes in carbon intensity and energy intensity and the extent of transformation in the energy system. This study shows a correlation among indicators suggesting that models can be classified into groups based on common patterns of behavior in response to carbon pricing. Such a classification can help to more easily explain variations among policy-relevant model results.

  7. Social vulnerability indicators as a sustainable planning tool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Yung-Jaan, E-mail: yungjaanlee@gmail.com

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In the face of global warming and environmental change, the conventional strategy of resource centralization will not be able to cope with a future of increasingly extreme climate events and related disasters. It may even contribute to inter-regional disparities as a result of these events. To promote sustainable development, this study offers a case study of developmental planning in Chiayi, Taiwan and a review of the relevant literature to propose a framework of social vulnerability indicators at the township level. The proposed framework can not only be used to measure the social vulnerability of individual townships in Chiayi, but also be used to capture the spatial developmental of Chiayi. Seventeen social vulnerability indicators provide information in five dimensions. Owing to limited access to relevant data, the values of only 13 indicators were calculated. By simply summarizing indicators without using weightings and by using zero-mean normalization to standardize the indicators, this study calculates social vulnerability scores for each township. To make social vulnerability indicators more useful, this study performs an overlay analysis of social vulnerability and patterns of risk associated with national disasters. The social vulnerability analysis draws on secondary data for 2012 from Taiwan's National Geographic Information System. The second layer of analysis consists of the flood potential ratings of the Taiwan Water Resources Agency as an index of biophysical vulnerability. The third layer consists of township-level administrative boundaries. Analytical results reveal that four out of the 18 townships in Chiayi not only are vulnerable to large-scale flooding during serious flood events, but also have the highest degree of social vulnerability. Administrative boundaries, on which social vulnerability is based, do not correspond precisely to “cross-administrative boundaries,” which are characteristics of the natural environment. This study adopts an exploratory approach that provides Chiayi and other government agencies with a foundation for sustainable strategic planning for environmental change. The final section offers four suggestions concerning the implications of social vulnerability for local development planning. -- Highlights: • This study proposes a framework of social vulnerability indicators at the township level in Chiayi County, Taiwan. • Seventeen social vulnerability indicators are categorized into four dimensions. • This study performs a three-layer overlay analysis of social vulnerability and natural disaster risk patterns. • 4 out of the 18 townships not only have potential for large-scale flooding, but also high degree of social vulnerability. • This study provides a foundation for sustainable strategic planning to deal with environmental change. • Four suggestions are proposed regarding the implications of social vulnerability for local development planning.

  8. Calculation of probabilities of transfer, recurrence intervals, and positional indices for linear compartment models. Environmental Sciences Division Publication no. 1544

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carney, J.H.; DeAngelis, D.L.; Gardner, R.H.; Mankin, J.B.; Post, W.M.

    1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Six indices are presented for linear compartment systems that quantify the probable pathways of matter or energy transfer, the likelihood of recurrence if the model contains feedback loops, and the number of steps (transfers) through the system. General examples are used to illustrate how these indices can simplify the comparison of complex systems or organisms in unrelated systems.

  9. Turbine airfoil with outer wall thickness indicators

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Marra, John J; James, Allister W; Merrill, Gary B

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A turbine airfoil usable in a turbine engine and including a depth indicator for determining outer wall blade thickness. The airfoil may include an outer wall having a plurality of grooves in the outer surface of the outer wall. The grooves may have a depth that represents a desired outer surface and wall thickness of the outer wall. The material forming an outer surface of the outer wall may be removed to be flush with an innermost point in each groove, thereby reducing the wall thickness and increasing efficiency. The plurality of grooves may be positioned in a radially outer region of the airfoil proximate to the tip.

  10. Optical indices of lithiated electrochromic oxides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rubin, M.; Rottkay, K. von; Wen, S.J.; Ozer, N.; Slack, J.

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical indices have been determined for thin films of several electrochromic oxide materials. One of the most important materials in electrochromic devices, WO{sub 3}, was thoroughly characterized for a range of electrochromic states by sequential injection of Li ions. Another promising material, Li{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.5}O, was also studied in detail. Less detailed results are presented for three other common lithium-intercalating electrochromic electrode materials: V{sub 2}O{sub 5}, LiCoO{sub 2}, and CeO{sub 2}-TiO{sub 2}. The films were grown by sputtering, pulsed laser deposition (PLD) and sol-gel techniques. Measurements were made using a combination of variable-angle spectroscopy ellipsometry and spectroradiometry. The optical constants were then extracted using physical and spectral models appropriate to each material. Optical indices of the underlying transparent conductors, determined in separate studies, were fixed in the models of this work. The optical models frequently agree well with independent physical measurements of film structure, particularly surface roughness by atomic force microscopy. Inhomogeneity due to surface roughness, gradient composition, and phase separation are common in both the transparent conductors and electrochromics, resulting sometimes in particularly complex models for these materials. Complete sets of data are presented over the entire solar spectrum for a range of colored states. This data is suitable for prediction of additional optical properties such as oblique transmittance and design of complete electrochromic devices.

  11. Active fiber optic technologies used as tamper-indicating devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Horton, P.R.V.; Waddoups, I.G.

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Safeguards and Seals Evaluation Program is evaluating new fiber optic active seal technologies for use at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The goal of the program is to investigate active seal technologies that can monitor secured containers storing special nuclear materials (SNM) within DOE vaults. Specifically investigated were active seal technologies that can be used as tamper-indicating devices to monitor secured containers within vaults while personnel remain outside the vault area. Such a system would allow minimal access into vaults while ensuring container content accountability. The purpose of this report is to discuss tamper-indicating devices that were evaluated for possible DOE use. While previous seal evaluations (Phase I and II) considered overall facility applications, this discussion focuses specifically on their use in vault storage situations. The report will highlight general background information, specifications and requirements, and test procedures. Also discussed are the systems available from four manufacturers: Interactive Technologies, Inc., Fiber SenSys, Inc., Inovonics, Inc., and Valve Security Systems.

  12. Assessment of Lean and Green Strategies by Simulation of Manufacturing Systems in Discrete Production Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diaz-Elsayed, Nancy; Jondral, Annabel; Greinacher, Sebastian; Dornfeld, David; Lanza, Gisela

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    manufacturing system’s performance indicators while using amanufacturing system’s performance indicators while using atheir impact on performance indicators [2–4], and bundling

  13. An Indicator to Evaluate the Thermodynamic Maturity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kjelstrup, Signe

    process units in the chemical and process industry (i.e., heat exchanger, chemical reactor, distillation column, and paper dry- ing machine). The proposed thermodynamic measure should be of interest, energy ef- ficiency problems in design and optimization of thermal and power systems (i.e., heat

  14. Novel tamper-indicating protective devices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DeVolpi, A.

    1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several novel tamper-indicating devices, originally developed under DOE auspices for arms control applications, might be useful in nonproliferation. Some devices that have reached the laboratory prototype stage could provide specialized alternatives to established seals. As locks and cables, the following might be useful: (1) a brittle ceramic lock--impervious to toxic, radiation, and thermal extremes--interrogated for identification and continuity by ultrasonic means, (2) a flexible ceramic-fiber seal that also tolerates severe environments, (3) an ultrasonic smart-material strip seal, and (4) an RF-resonant coaxial cable, verified by radio frequency and microwave signals. To validate the identity of secured surfaces, joints, welds, and fasteners--two techniques are applicable: (1) the scanning electron microscope, which examines three- dimensional micron-level topography, and (2) the plastic-casting fingerprint, a simple low-cost technique, analogous to human fingerprinting. The techniques mentioned above have one or more of the potential advantages of low cost, immediate availability, security for large-area enclosures, application to hazardous environments, usability in the FSU, or suitability for covert use.

  15. Use of Chemical Inventory Accuracy Measurements as Leading Indicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Quigley, David; Freshwater, David; Alnajjar, Mikhail S.; Siegel, Dina; Kuntamukkula, Murty; Simmons, Fred

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical safety and lifecycle management (CSLM) is a process that involves managing chemicals and chemical information from the moment someone begins to order a chemical and lasts through final disposition(1). Central to CSLM is tracking data associated with chemicals which, for the purposes of this paper, is termed the chemical inventory. Examples of data that could be tracked include chemical identity, location, quantity, date procured, container type, and physical state. The reason why so much data is tracked is that the chemical inventory supports many functions. These functions include emergency management, which depends upon the data to more effectively plan for, and respond to, chemical accidents; environmental management that uses inventory information to aid in the generation of various federally-mandated and other regulatory reports; and chemical management that uses the information to increase the efficiency and safety with which chemicals are stored and utilized. All of the benefits of having an inventory are predicated upon having an inventory that is reasonably accurate. Because of the importance of ensuring one's chemical inventory is accurate, many have become concerned about measuring inventory accuracy. But beyond providing a measure of confidence in information gleaned from the inventory, does the inventory accuracy measurement provide any additional function? The answer is 'Yes'. It provides valuable information that can be used as a leading indicator to gauge the health of a chemical management system. In this paper, we will discuss: (1) what properties make leading indicators effective, (2) how chemical inventories can be used as a leading indicator, (3) how chemical inventory accuracy can be measured, what levels of accuracies should realistically be expected in a healthy system, and (4) what a subpar inventory accuracy measurement portends.

  16. USE OF CHEMICAL INVENTORY ACCURACY MEASUREMENTS AS LEADING INDICATORS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuntamukkula, M.

    2011-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical safety and lifecycle management (CSLM) is a process that involves managing chemicals and chemical information from the moment someone begins to order a chemical and lasts through final disposition(1). Central to CSLM is tracking data associated with chemicals which, for the purposes of this paper, is termed the chemical inventory. Examples of data that could be tracked include chemical identity, location, quantity, date procured, container type, and physical state. The reason why so much data is tracked is that the chemical inventory supports many functions. These functions include emergency management, which depends upon the data to more effectively plan for, and respond to, chemical accidents; environmental management that uses inventory information to aid in the generation of various federally-mandated and other regulatory reports; and chemical management that uses the information to increase the efficiency and safety with which chemicals are stored and utilized. All of the benefits of having an inventory are predicated upon having an inventory that is reasonably accurate. Because of the importance of ensuring one's chemical inventory is accurate, many have become concerned about measuring inventory accuracy. But beyond providing a measure of confidence in information gleaned from the inventory, does the inventory accuracy measurement provide any additional function? The answer is 'Yes'. It provides valuable information that can be used as a leading indicator to gauge the health of a chemical management system. In this paper, we will discuss: what properties make leading indicators effective, how chemical inventories can be used as a leading indicator, how chemical inventory accuracy can be measured, what levels of accuracies should realistically be expected in a healthy system, and what a subpar inventory accuracy measurement portends.

  17. Development of Refrigerant Change Indicator and Dirty Air Filter Sensor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mei, V.

    2003-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The most common problems affecting residential and light commercial heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems are slow refrigerant leaks and dirty air filters. Equipment users are usually not aware of a problem until most of the refrigerant has escaped or the air filter is clogged with dirt. While a dirty air filter can be detected with a technology based on the air pressure differential across the filter, such as a ''whistling'' indicator, it is not easy to incorporate this technology into existing HVAC diagnostic equipment. Oak Ridge National Laboratory is developing a low-cost, nonintrusive refrigerant charge indicator and dirty air filter detection sensor. The sensors, based on temperature measurements, will be inexpensive and easy to incorporate into existing heat pumps and air conditioners. The refrigerant charge indicator is based on the fact that when refrigerant starts to leak, the evaporator coil temperature starts to drop and the level of liquid subcooling drops. When the coil temperature or liquid subcooling drops below a preset reading, a signal, such as a yellow warning light, can be activated to warn the equipment user that the system is undercharged. A further drop of coil temperature or liquid subcooling below another preset reading would trigger a second warning signal, such as a red warning light, to warn the equipment user that the unit now detects a leak and immediate action should be taken. The warning light cannot be turned off until it is re-set by a refrigeration repairman. To detect clogged air filters, two additional temperature sensors can be applied, one each across the evaporator. When the air filter is accumulating buildup, the temperature differential across the evaporator will increase because of the reduced airflow. When the temperature differential reaches a pre-set reading, a signal will be sent to the equipment user that the air filter needs to be changed. A traditional refrigerant charge indicator requires intrusion into the system to measure the refrigerant high-side and low-side pressures. Once the pressures are known, based on the equipment's refrigerant charging chart? or in most cases, based on the technician's experience? the refrigerant charging status is determined. However, there is a catch: by the time a refrigeration technician is called, most of the refrigerant has already escaped into the atmosphere. The new technology provides a real-time warning so that when, say, 20% of the refrigerant has leaked, the equipment users will be warned, even though the equipment is still functioning properly at rated capacity. Temperature sensors are becoming very accurate and very low in cost, compared with pressure sensors. Using temperature sensors to detect refrigerant charge status is inherently nonintrusive, inexpensive, and accurate. With the addition of two temperature sensors for detecting dirty air filters, the capability of the diagnostic equipment is further enhanced with very little added cost. This report provides laboratory test data on the change of indoor coil refrigerant temperature and subcooling as a function of refrigerant charge for a 2-ton split heat pump system. The data can be used in designing the indicators for refrigerant loss and dirty air filter sensors.

  18. Congestion Management Requirements, Methods and Performance Indices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirby, B.J.

    2002-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Transmission congestion occurs when there is insufficient transmission capacity to simultaneously accommodate all requests for transmission service within a region. Historically, vertically integrated utilities managed this condition by constraining the economic dispatch of generators with the objective of ensuring security and reliability of their own and/or neighboring systems. Electric power industry restructuring has moved generation investment and operations decisions into the competitive market but has left transmission as a communal resource in the regulated environment. This mixing of competitive generation and regulated transmission makes congestion management difficult. The difficulty is compounded by increases in the amount of congestion resulting from increased commercial transactions and the relative decline in the amount of transmission. Transmission capacity, relative to peak load, has been declining in all regions of the U.S. for over a decade. This decline is expected to continue. Congestion management schemes used today have negative impacts on energy markets, such as disruptions and monetary penalties, under some conditions. To mitigate these concerns various congestion management methods have been proposed, including redispatch and curtailment of scheduled energy transmission. In the restructured electric energy industry environment, new congestion management approaches are being developed that strive to achieve the desired degree of reliability while supporting competition in the bulk power market. This report first presents an overview and background on key issues and emerging approaches to congestion management. It goes on to identify and describe policies affecting congestion management that are favored and/or are now being considered by FERC, NERC, and one of the regional reliability councils (WSCC). It reviews the operational procedures in use or proposed by three of the leading independent system operators (ISOs) including ERCOT, California ISO, and PJM. Finally, it presents recommendations for evaluating the competing alternative approaches and developing metrics to use in such evaluations. As with any report concerning electricity restructuring, specific details quickly become dated. Individual utilities, states and regions will inevitably change rules and procedures even during the time it takes to publish a report. Hopefully, the general conclusions are more robust and this report will continue to have value even after some of the specific details have changed.

  19. Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase Berkeley Lab research could help...

  20. Sustainability Indicators for Discrete Manufacturing Processes Applied to Grinding Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linke, Barbara S.; Corman, Gero J.; Dornfeld, David A.; Tönissen, Stefan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the data into three sustainability indicators for eachor into one total sustainability indicator. The weighting isAn overview of sustainability assessment methodologies,

  1. Electric-drive tractability indicator integrated in hybrid electric vehicle tachometer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tamai, Goro; Zhou, Jing; Weslati, Feisel

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An indicator, system and method of indicating electric drive usability in a hybrid electric vehicle. A tachometer is used that includes a display having an all-electric drive portion and a hybrid drive portion. The all-electric drive portion and the hybrid drive portion share a first boundary which indicates a minimum electric drive usability and a beginning of hybrid drive operation of the vehicle. The indicated level of electric drive usability is derived from at least one of a percent battery discharge, a percent maximum torque provided by the electric drive, and a percent electric drive to hybrid drive operating cost for the hybrid electric vehicle.

  2. Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter 1. Systems. 1.1. On Line. In this introductory section we will pose no exercises, but instead, will detail. how to use Maple to solve problems in linear ...

  3. LP-VIcode: a program to compute a suite of variational chaos indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. D. Carpintero; N. P. Maffione; L. A. Darriba

    2014-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    An important point in analysing the dynamics of a given stellar or planetary system is the reliable identification of the chaotic or regular behaviour of its orbits. We introduce here the program LP-VIcode, a fully operational code which efficiently computes a suite of ten variational chaos indicators for dynamical systems in any number of dimensions. The user may choose to simultaneously compute any number of chaos indicators among the following: the Lyapunov Exponents, the Mean Exponential Growth factor of Nearby Orbits, the Slope Estimation of the largest Lyapunov Characteristic Exponent, the Smaller ALignment Index, the Generalized ALignment Index, the Fast Lyapunov Indicator, the Othogonal Fast Lyapunov Indicator, the dynamical Spectra of Stretching Numbers, the Spectral Distance, and the Relative Lyapunov Indicator. They are combined in an efficient way, allowing the sharing of differential equations whenever this is possible, and the individual stopping of their computation when any of them saturates.

  4. Insertion of operation-and-indicate instructions for optimized SIMD code

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eichenberger, Alexander E; Gara, Alan; Gschwind, Michael K

    2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Mechanisms are provided for inserting indicated instructions for tracking and indicating exceptions in the execution of vectorized code. A portion of first code is received for compilation. The portion of first code is analyzed to identify non-speculative instructions performing designated non-speculative operations in the first code that are candidates for replacement by replacement operation-and-indicate instructions that perform the designated non-speculative operations and further perform an indication operation for indicating any exception conditions corresponding to special exception values present in vector register inputs to the replacement operation-and-indicate instructions. The replacement is performed and second code is generated based on the replacement of the at least one non-speculative instruction. The data processing system executing the compiled code is configured to store special exception values in vector output registers, in response to a speculative instruction generating an exception condition, without initiating exception handling.

  5. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator Aug 2013 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  6. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2013 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  7. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2010 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  8. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  9. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  10. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Califo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  11. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator November 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  12. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator May 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  13. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2012 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  14. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), Cal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2011 © Institute for Economic and Environmental Studies (IEES), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  15. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Calif

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator February 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  16. Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), Califor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lijser, Peter

    Southern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading EconomicSouthern California Leading Economic IndicatorIndicatorIndicatorIndicator August 2014 © Center for Economic Analysis and Forecasting (CEAF), California State University Fullerton Adrian R. Fleissig, Ph

  17. Performance indicators for public mental healthcare: A systematic international inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lauriks, Steve; Buster, Marcel CA; de Wit, Matty AS; Arah, Onyebuchi A; Klazinga, Niek S

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    care Study Performance indicator Related criterion Result Simpson & Lloyd [17] • Methadone maintenance (MM) drug abuse treatment

  18. Correlation of gas-chromatographic retention indices and high-order bonding indices for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bulycheva, Z.Y.; Dylevskaya, L.V.; Kutenev, V.F.; Rudenko, B.A.

    1985-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors apply multifactor correlation equations between the retention indices on OV-101, OV-17, and PFMS-6 polysiloxanes and the bonding indices from the zeroth to fourth orders. Certain fragment descriptors are also applied which give higher significance levels and standard deviations for the retention indices less by 18-25 units, than do correlation equations between the retention indices and the first-order bonding indices.

  19. Identification of performance indicators for nuclear power plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sui, Yu, 1973-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance indicators have been assuming an increasingly important role in the nuclear industry. An integrated methodology is proposed in this research for the identification and validation of performance indicators for ...

  20. Analysis of Spatial Performance of Meteorological Drought Indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patil, Sandeep 1986-

    2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Meteorological drought indices are commonly calculated from climatic stations that have long-term historical data and then converted to a regular grid using spatial interpolation methods. The gridded drought indices are mapped to aid decision making...

  1. CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Assessing Indicators of Patent Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Assessing Indicators of Patent Quality: Complex vs. Discrete-00488275,version1-1Jun2010 #12;2 Assessing Indicators of Patent Quality: Complex vs. Discrete Technologies indicators of patent quality in complex and discrete technologies using factor analysis and econometric

  2. The Boston Indicators Project : the role of indicators in supporting environmental efforts in the Boston metropolitan region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Anna K. (Anna Katherine)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Community indicators projects are an increasingly popular way to measure, track, and, advocates claim, make progress. The commonly held belief is that indicators provide residents, governments, private entities, and community ...

  3. On the calculation of percentile-based bibliometric indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waltman, Ludo

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A percentile-based bibliometric indicator is an indicator that values publications based on their position within the citation distribution of their field. The most straightforward percentile-based indicator is the proportion of frequently cited publications, for instance the proportion of publications that belong to the top 10% most frequently cited of their field. Recently, more complex percentile-based indicators were proposed. A difficulty in the calculation of percentile-based indicators is caused by the discrete nature of citation distributions combined with the presence of many publications with the same number of citations. We introduce an approach to calculating percentile-based indicators that deals with this difficulty in a more satisfactory way than earlier approaches suggested in the literature. We show in a formal mathematical framework that our approach leads to indicators that do not suffer from biases in favor of or against particular fields of science.

  4. Institutional Indicators Of Quality: Annual Report 2002 INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS OF QUALITY: ANNUAL REPORT 2002 SUMMARY AND COMMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Institutional Indicators Of Quality: Annual Report 2002 INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS OF QUALITY: ANNUAL the performance and progress of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln on a number of "quality indicators, the total again increased, by 18% to $52.7 million. These substantial increases in awards will be reflected

  5. On interrelations of recurrences and connectivity trends between stock indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Goswami; G. Ambika; N. Marwan; J. Kurths

    2011-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Financial data has been extensively studied for correlations using Pearson's cross-correlation coefficient {\\rho} as the point of departure. We employ an estimator based on recurrence plots --- the Correlation of Probability of Recurrence (CPR) --- to analyze connections between nine stock indices spread worldwide. We suggest a slight modification of the CPR approach in order to get more robust results. We examine trends in CPR for an approximately 19-month window moved along the time series and compare them to {\\rho}. Binning CPR into three levels of connectedness: strong, moderate and weak, we extract the trends in number of connections in each bin over time. We also look at the behavior of CPR during the Dot-Com bubble by shifting the time series to align their peaks. CPR mainly uncovers that the markets move in and out of periods of strong connectivity erratically, instead of moving monotonously towards increasing global connectivity. This is in contrast to {\\rho}, which gives a picture of ever increasing correlation. CPR also exhibits that time shifted markets have high connectivity around the Dot-Com bubble of 2000. We stress on the importance of significance testing in interpreting measures applied to field data. CPR is more robust to significance testing. It has the additional advantages of being robust to noise, and reliable for short time series lengths and low frequency of sampling. Further, it is more sensitive to changes than {\\rho} as it captures correlations between the essential dynamics of the underlying systems.

  6. Lyapunov indices with two nearby trajectories in a curved spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xin Wu; Tian-Yi Huang; Hong Zhang

    2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare three methods for computing invariant Lyapunov exponents (LEs) in general relativity. They involve the geodesic deviation vector technique (M1), the two-nearby-orbits method with projection operations and with coordinate time as an independent variable (M2), and the two-nearby-orbits method without projection operations and with proper time as an independent variable (M3). An analysis indicates that M1 and M3 do not need any projection operation. In general, the values of LEs from the three methods are almost the same. As an advantage, M3 is simpler to use than M2. In addition, we propose to construct the invariant fast Lyapunov indictor (FLI) with two-nearby-trajectories and give its algorithm in order to quickly distinguish chaos from order. Taking a static axisymmetric spacetime as a physical model, we apply the invariant FLIs to explore the global dynamics of phase space of the system where regions of chaos and order are clearlyidentified.

  7. Lyapunov indices with two nearby trajectories in a curved spacetime

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, X. [Department of Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047 (China); Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Huang, T.-Y.; Zhang, H. [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare three methods for computing invariant Lyapunov exponents (LEs) in general relativity. These methods involve the geodesic deviation vector technique (M1), the two-nearby-orbits method with projection operations and with coordinate time as the independant variable (M2), and the two-nearby-orbits method without projection operations and with proper time as the independent variable (M3). An analysis indicates that M1 and M3 do not need any projection operation. In general, the values of LEs from the three methods are almost the same. However, M2 fails for some specific cases. As a result, M3 is the most preferable to calculate LEs in most cases. In addition, we propose to construct the invariant fast Lyapunov indictor (FLI) with two-nearby-trajectories and give its algorithm in order to quickly distinguish chaos from order. Taking a static axisymmetric spacetime as a physical model, we apply different algorithms of the FLI to explore the global dynamics of phase space of the system where regions of chaos and order are clearly identified.

  8. Quality monitored distributed voting system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skogmo, D.

    1997-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system. 6 figs.

  9. Quality monitored distributed voting system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Skogmo, David (Albuquerque, NM)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A quality monitoring system can detect certain system faults and fraud attempts in a distributed voting system. The system uses decoy voters to cast predetermined check ballots. Absent check ballots can indicate system faults. Altered check ballots can indicate attempts at counterfeiting votes. The system can also cast check ballots at predetermined times to provide another check on the distributed voting system.

  10. Spectrophotometric indices and metal content of galactic globular clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Covino, S; Pasinetti, L E; Covino, S; Galletti, S; Pasinetti, L E

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spectrophotometric indices for 18 Galactic globular clusters, obtained from CCD observations and careful reductions, were used to determine reliable calibrations on metallicity [Fe/H]. The indices were measured in the bandpasses adopted by Burnstein et al. (\\cite{BFGK84}). Adding other observations of Burnstein et al. (\\cite{BFGK84}) we obtained our results from an homogeneous sample of indices for 26 globular clusters. Relations with indices defined by other Authors and with metallicity photometric indices or parameters were also computed. In each case the relations are quite satisfactory. Observational data were compared with synthetic indices derived from Buzzoni's (\\cite{B89}) models and detailed discussions were performed for Mg_2, Fe_{52}, and H_\\beta. The observational points seem to be systematically shifted with respect to the fiducial lines traced by the models. The scenario confirms that a certain degree of oxygen enhancement would be necessary to obtain a better agreement between observed data and...

  11. Development of graphical indices for building energy data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbas, Mustafa

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    54 55 55 55 . 57 . 59 . 60 Factors That Enhance Graphics. . 1. Distance. 2. Detection. 3. Juxtaposition. 4. Superposition. . 5. Juxtapaging, Indices Development 1. Box and Whisker Plots. 60 61 . 65 71 72 . 72 2. Juxtaposed Pre.... THE INDICES DEVELOPMENT. Indices Development 1. Box and Whisker Plots. 2. Juxtaposed Pre/Post Scatter and BWM Plots. . . . . . 3. 3-D Surface Plots. 4. Carpet Plots with Juxtaposed Histograms. . . . . 5. Coincident Cumulative Frequency Plots. . . . 6...

  12. Sustainability Indicators for Discrete Manufacturing Processes Applied to Grinding Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linke, Barbara S.; Corman, Gero J.; Dornfeld, David A.; Tönissen, Stefan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sustainability indicators can be displayed as a performanceperformance profile and as a total sustainability indicatorindicator for the assessment of environmental performance.

  13. Eco-efficiency Indicators: Measuring Resource-use Efficiency...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    efficiency Indicators: Measuring Resource-use Efficiency and the Impact of Economic Activities on the Environment Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name:...

  14. Sulfur Isotopes as Indicators of Amended Bacterial Sulfate Reduction...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of Amended Bacterial Sulfate Reduction Processes Influencing Field Scale Uranium Bioremediation. Sulfur Isotopes as Indicators of Amended Bacterial Sulfate Reduction Processes...

  15. Sustainability Indicators for Discrete Manufacturing Processes Applied to Grinding Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linke, Barbara S.; Corman, Gero J.; Dornfeld, David A.; Tönissen, Stefan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental pillar of sustainability All energy generationsustainability indicators INTRODUCTION Manufacturing has a large impact on worldwide energywith the same energy, E A = E B = E 0 , both sustainability

  16. Challenges for Numerical Modeling of Enhanced Geothermal Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. P. Fairley; S. E. Ingebritsen; R. K. Podgorney

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent guest editorial by Wood (2009) pointed out the potential of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS) as a future source of “green” energy and suggested that EGS offers research opportunities for hydrogeologists seeking to become involved in the world’s energy future. Although EGS may have a bright future as a sustainable, low-carbon emission energy source, significant technical challenges must be overcome before this promising energy resource can be commercially viable. Because pilot EGS projects in the United States face very different economic constraints than current European projects, there is a real need to make technological advances to improve the return on capital investment. In this article, we amplify on Wood’s excellent editorial by describing some of the challenges that exist for the simulation of EGS.

  17. Experience with the CyberKnife for intracranial stereotactic radiosurgery: Analysis of dosimetry indices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Floriano, Alejandro, E-mail: afloriano@grupoimo.com; Santa-Olalla, Iciar; Sanchez-Reyes, Alberto

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We evaluated coverage, dose homogeneity, dose conformity, and dose gradient in CyberKnife VSI treatment plans. Several dosimetric indices were calculated, and the results were compared with those of previous publications. The effect of target volume on the radiosurgical treatment indices selected was also investigated. The study population comprised the first 40 patients treated at our department from March 2011 to September 2012. Dosimetric indices were calculated and compared with published results for other frame-based and frameless intracranial stereotactic radiotherapy techniques. A comparison of the indices confirmed the ability of the CyberKnife VSI system to provide very high-quality dosing plans. The results were independent of target volume for coverage, homogeneity, and dose conformity. However, a dependence on target volume was observed for the dose-gradient indices analyzed. Based on the indices proposed, CyberKnife provides very good treatment plans and compares favorably with other techniques in most cases. However, greater consensus on the radiosurgery indices calculated would be desirable to facilitate comparison of the various techniques or the same techniques when applied by different users.

  18. The Smaller (SALI) and the Generalized (GALI) Alignment Indices: Efficient Methods of Chaos Detection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ch. Skokos; T. Manos

    2015-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a concise presentation of the Smaller (SALI) and the Generalized Alignment Index (GALI) methods of chaos detection. These are efficient chaos indicators based on the evolution of two or more, initially distinct, deviation vectors from the studied orbit. After explaining the motivation behind the introduction of these indices, we sum up the behaviors they exhibit for regular and chaotic motion, as well as for stable and unstable periodic orbits, focusing mainly on finite-dimensional conservative systems: autonomous Hamiltonian models and symplectic maps. We emphasize the advantages of these methods in studying the global dynamics of a system, as well as their ability to identify regular motion on low dimensional tori. Finally we discuss several applications of these indices to problems originating from different scientific fields like celestial mechanics, galactic dynamics, accelerator physics and condensed matter physics.

  19. Using benthic infauna abundance and genetic markers in oysters as indicators of hypoxia downstream from a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    Using benthic infauna abundance and genetic markers in oysters as indicators of hypoxia downstream on communities downstream from these systems has not been well assessed. This study sought to examine differences between regions downstream from a permeable reactive barrier and a control site at Waquoit Bay in three

  20. Forecasting potential project risks through leading indicators to project outcome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Ji Won

    2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    , the Construction Industry Institute (CII) formed a research team to develop a new tool that can forecast the potential risk of not meeting specific project outcomes based on assessing leading indicators. Thus, the leading indicators were identified and then the new...

  1. 10/25/2010 1 Eco-Region Protection Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    10/25/2010 1 Eco-Region Protection Indicator for the 2010 release of the Natural Resource Note: An error was detected in the protected area points layer for the 2010 version of the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) after processing the eco-region protection indicator, but too late

  2. Short Communication Three ocean state indices implemented in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    ), the tropical cyclone heat potential, showing the thermal energy available in the ocean to enhance or decreaseShort Communication Three ocean state indices implemented in the Mercator-Ocean operational suite L., and Soulat, F. 2008. Three ocean state indices implemented in the Mercator-Ocean operational suite. ­ ICES

  3. Environmental indicators for sustainable production of algal biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Efroymson, Rebecca Ann [ORNL; Dale, Virginia H [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For analyzing sustainability of algal biofuels, we identify 16 environmental indicators that fall into six categories: soil quality, water quality and quantity, air quality, greenhouse gas emissions, biodiversity, and productivity. Indicators are selected to be practical, widely applicable, predictable in response, anticipatory of future changes, independent of scale, and responsive to management. Major differences between algae and terrestrial plant feedstocks, as well as their supply chains for biofuel, are highlighted, for they influence the choice of appropriate sustainability indicators. Algae strain selection characteristics do not generally affect which indicators are selected. The use of water instead of soil as the growth medium for algae determines the higher priority of water- over soil-related indicators. The proposed set of environmental indicators provides an initial checklist for measures of biofuel sustainability but may need to be modified for particular contexts depending on data availability, goals of the stakeholders, and financial constraints. Use of these indicators entails defining sustainability goals and targets in relation to stakeholder values in a particular context and can lead to improved management practices.

  4. SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC INDICES AND METAL CONTENT OF GALACTIC GLOBULAR CLUSTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Covino; S. Galletti; L. E. Pasinetti

    1995-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Spectrophotometric indices for $18$ Galactic globular clusters, obtained from CCD observations and careful reductions, were used to determine reliable calibrations on metallicity $[Fe/H]$. The indices were measured in the bandpasses adopted by Burnstein et al. (\\cite{BFGK84}). Adding other observations of Burnstein et al. (\\cite{BFGK84}) we obtained our results from an homogeneous sample of indices for $26$ globular clusters. Relations with indices defined by other Authors and with metallicity photometric indices or parameters were also computed. In each case the relations are quite satisfactory. Observational data were compared with synthetic indices derived from Buzzoni's (\\cite{B89}) models and detailed discussions were performed for $Mg_2$, $Fe_{52}$, and $H_\\beta$. The observational points seem to be systematically shifted with respect to the fiducial lines traced by the models. The scenario confirms that a certain degree of oxygen enhancement would be necessary to obtain a better agreement between observed data and theoretical predictions. This enhancement, however, removes some of the disagreement, but not all of it. The dependence of the observed $Fe_{52}$ and $H_\\beta$ indices on the metal content for different HB morphologies was considered. Finally, some results were also discussed from a statistical point of view. A principal component analysis was applied to the index sample to study the number of independent parameters necessary to reproduce the observations. The whole index set is completely consistent with a one-parameter family.

  5. Spectral indices in Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld inflation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inyong Cho; Jinn-Ouk Gong

    2015-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the scalar and the tensor spectral indices of the quadratic inflation model in Eddington-inspired Born-Infeld (EiBI) gravity. We find the EiBI corrections to the spectral indices are of second and first order in the slow-roll approximation for the scalar and the tensor perturbations respectively. This is very promising since the quadratic inflation model in general relativity provides a very nice fit for the spectral indices. Together with the suppression of the tensor-to-scalar ratio EiBI inflation is well along with the observational data.

  6. New Phase-coherent Measurements of Pulsar Braking Indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Margaret A. Livingstone; Victoria M. Kaspi; Fotis P. Gavriil; Richard N. Manchester; E. V. Gotthelf; Lucien Kuiper

    2007-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Pulsar braking indices offer insight into the physics that underlies pulsar spin-down. Only five braking indices have been measured via phase-coherent timing; all measured values are less than 3, the value expected from magnetic dipole radiation. Here we present new measurements for three of the five pulsar braking indices, obtained with phase-coherent timing for PSRs J1846-0258 (n=2.65+/-0.01), B1509-58 (n=2.839+/-0.001) and B0540-69 (n=2.140+/-0.009). We discuss the implications of these results and possible physical explanations for them.

  7. The Globular Cluster Luminosity Function: New Progress in Understanding an Old Distance Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Richtler

    2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    I review the Globular Cluster Luminosity Function (GCLF) with emphasis on recent observational data and theoretical progress. As is well known, the turn-over magnitude (TOM) is a good distance indicator for early-type galaxies within the limits set by data quality and sufficient number of objects. A comparison with distances derived from surface brightness fluctuations with the available TOMs in the V-band reveals, however, many discrepant cases. These cases often violate the condition that the TOM should only be used as a distance indicator in old globular cluster systems. The existence of intermediate age-populations in early-type galaxies likely is the cause of many of these discrepancies. The connection between the luminosity functions of young and old cluster systems is discussed on the basis of modelling the dynamical evolution of cluster systems. Finally, I briefly present the current ideas of why such a universal structure as the GCLF exists.

  8. Performance limits for exo-clutter Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) radar.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doerry, Armin Walter

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of a Ground Moving Target Indicator (GMTI) radar system depends on a variety of factors, many which are interdependent in some manner. It is often difficult to 'get your arms around' the problem of ascertaining achievable performance limits, and yet those limits exist and are dictated by physics. This report identifies and explores those limits, and how they depend on hardware system parameters and environmental conditions. Ultimately, this leads to a characterization of parameters that offer optimum performance for the overall GMTI radar system. While the information herein is not new to the literature, its collection into a single report hopes to offer some value in reducing the 'seek time'.

  9. 4Q CY2004, Facility Representative Program Performance Indicators

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program Performance Indicators Quarterly Report March 30, 2005 Distribution: Jeffrey Clay Sell, S-2 Bruce Carnes, S-2 Les Novitsky, S-2 Linton Brooks, NA-1 Jerry Paul, NA-2...

  10. Indicators that matter : measuring transportation performance in Ahmedabad

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Osborne, James Clark, M.C.P. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In light of the growing challenges of planning for transportation in India, this thesis proposes that a set of indicators, sensitive to local conditions, developed, implemented and managed through a collaborative partnership ...

  11. Descriptive Quality Indicators Rating Scale for Single-case Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boles, Margot

    2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This table presents a rating scale for descriptive quality indicators in single-case research. This table is adapted from CEC (2014), Horner et al. (2005), and Reichow (2008)...

  12. Descriptive Quality Indicators Rating Scale for Single-case Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boles, Margot

    2015-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This table presents a rating scale for descriptive quality indicators in single-case research. This table is adapted from CEC (2014), Horner et al. (2005), and Reichow (2008)...

  13. Biological Cluster Validity Indices Based on the Gene Ontology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zell, Andreas

    Biological Cluster Validity Indices Based on the Gene Ontology Nora Speer, Christian Spieth 3646, pp. 429­439, 2005. c Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005 #12;430 N. Speer, C. Spieth, and A

  14. Type Ia Supernova Spectral Line Ratios as LuminosityIndicators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongard, Sebastien; Baron, E.; Smadja, G.; Branch, David; Hauschildt, Peter H.

    2005-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Type Ia supernovae have played a crucial role in thediscovery of the dark energy, via the measurement of their light curvesand the determination of the peak brightness via fitting templates to theobserved lightcurve shape. Two spectroscopic indicators are also known tobe well correlated with peak luminosity. Since the spectroscopicluminosity indicators are obtained directly from observed spectra, theywill have different systematic errors than do measurements usingphotometry. Additionally, these spectroscopic indicators may be usefulfor studies of effects of evolution or age of the SNe~;Ia progenitorpopulation. We present several new variants of such spectroscopicindicators which are easy to automate and which minimize the effects ofnoise. We show that these spectroscopic indicators can be measured byproposed JDEM missions such as snap and JEDI.

  15. Monthly Indices: A Procedure for Energy Use Display Creating Monthly Indices for Comparing the Energy Consumption of Buildings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landman, D. S.; Haberl, J. S.

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This technical paper describes the construction of comparative monthly energy and weather indices for buildings and their usefulness in simple comparisons across sites. These graphs show monthly electric and natural gas average power levels (i.e., W...

  16. Selecting environmental indicator for use in strategic environmental assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donnelly, Alison [School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland) and Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland)]. E-mail: Alison.Donnelly@tcd.ie; Jones, Mike [School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); O'Mahony, Tadhg [Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland); Byrne, Gerry [Environmental Protection Agency (Ireland)

    2007-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary aim of carrying out Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) is to provide for a high level of environmental protection and to integrate environmental considerations into the planning process. The SEA Directive (2001/42/EC) recommends monitoring to determine the environmental impact of the implementation of plans and programmes. Environmental indicators are a useful tool by which this impact may be measured. However, careful consideration must be given to developing a set of indicators in order to isolate, plan or programme specific impacts. Here, we demonstrate the effectiveness of a workshop-based approach to develop appropriate criteria for selecting environmental indicator for use in SEA. A multi-disciplinary team was used in the approach which consisted of representatives from each of four environmental fields i.e. biodiversity, water, air and climatic factors, together with SEA experts, planning experts, academics and consultants. The team reviewed various sets of criteria, already in existence, for environmental indicator development but not specifically for SEA indicators. The results of this review together with original criteria were applied to the final list agreed upon. Some of the criteria recommended includes, relevance to plan, ability to prioritise, and ability to identify conflict with other plan or SEA objectives.

  17. Performance indicators for 4th quarter CY 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Department-wide Performance Indicator (PI) Program for trending and analysis of operational data as directed by DOE Order 5480.26. The PI Program was established to provide a means for monitoring the environment, safety, and health (ES&H) performance of the DOE at the Secretary and other management levels. This is the twelfth in a series of quarterly reports generated for the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) by EG&G Idaho, Inc., to meet the requirements of the PI Program as directed by the DOE Standard (DOE-STD-1048-92). The report format and content adhere to the guidelines established in DOE Order 5480.26, Trending and Analysis of Operations Information Using Performance Indicators, and DOE-STD-1048-92, DOE Performance Indicators Guidance Document.

  18. Performance indicators for 2nd quarter CY 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Department-wide Performance Indicator (PI) Program for trending and analysis of operational data as directed by DOE Order 5480.26. The PI Program was established to provide a means for monitoring the environment, safety, and health (ES&H) performance of the DOE at the Secretary and other management levels. This is the fourteenth in a series of quarterly reports generated for the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) by EG&G Idaho, Inc., to meet the requirements of the PI Program as directed by the DOE Standard (DOE-STD-1048-92). The report format and content adhere to the guidelines established in DOE Order 5480.26, Trending and Analysis of Operations Information Using Performance Indicators, and DOE-STD-1048-92, DOE Performance Indicators Guidance Document.

  19. Admissibility condition and nontrivial indices on a noncommutative torus

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagao, Keiichi [Theoretical Physics Laboratory, College of Education, Ibaraki University, Mito 310-8512 (Japan)

    2006-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the index of the Ginsparg-Wilson Dirac operator on a noncommutative torus numerically. To do this, we first formulate an admissibility condition which suppresses the fluctuation of gauge fields. Assuming this condition, we generate gauge configurations randomly, and find various configurations with nontrivial indices. We show one example of configurations with index 1 explicitly. This result provides the first evidence that nontrivial indices can be naturally defined on the noncommutative torus by utilizing the Ginsparg-Wilson relation and the admissibility condition.

  20. Research Indicates Sprinkler Irrigation Use Could Reduce Groundwater Nitrate Levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    and Vicki Miller Irrigating with sprinkler instead of furrow irrigation systems can reduce shallow of irrigation systems on three corn test fields near Shelton, Neb., leave little doubt that if more center pivot Management System Evaluation Area near Shelton from spring 1991 to fall 1996. Irrigation methods

  1. High Level Indicators of Progress on the Pacific NW Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act's Power Plan Goals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Regional vs. national information would be useful, as suggested in the "considered but not proposed" section of the Indicator Issue Paper. · Regional CO2 intensity per MWh Energy Efficiency · Total System (BPA) to establish a measure that tracks the total system costs reduced due to investments in energy

  2. Integrating Social & Economic Indicators for Sustainable Rangeland Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyoming, University of

    for other extractable goods (forage, water) [6] feedback effects of harvesting bio-fuels (woody removal (2001 ­ ) 5 Criteria; 64 indicators (27 core): Biophysical criteria: I: Soil & water conservation (10 water, livestock forage, wildlife habitat, nutrient cycling. Understanding processes that affect

  3. ORIGINAL PAPER How well do sediment indicators record past climate?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Feng Sheng

    , University of Illinois, 245 Natural History Building, 1301 W. Green St., Urbana, IL 61801, USA e-mail: fshu climatic change. However, paleoclimatic interpretations of sediment records are often complex because eachORIGINAL PAPER How well do sediment indicators record past climate? An evaluation using annually

  4. Kinetics of inactivation of indicator pathogens during thermophilic anaerobic digestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kinetics of inactivation of indicator pathogens during thermophilic anaerobic digestion Sudeep C Thermophilic anaerobic digestion Pathogen inactivation Ascaris suum Helminth eggs Poliovirus Enteric viruses a b s t r a c t Thermophilic anaerobic sludge digestion is a promising process to divert waste

  5. 19 November 2007 Energy innovation and competitiveness indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and learning processes centred on industrial products in companies and markets. The knowledge 1 World Energy Outlook 2006 (p77) 2 For comparisons the EU new ambitious energy policy assumes an extra cost of 801 Risø DTU 19 November 2007 Energy innovation and competitiveness indicators A contribution to Work

  6. Modeling Windows in Energy Plus with Simple Performance Indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    indices (U-factor, Solar Heat Gain Coefficient, and Visible Transmittance) to model the energy impacts, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents, process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily

  7. *indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOR CERTIFICATION FOR THE Docket No. 05-AFC-03 SUN VALLEY ENERGY PROJECT PROOF OF SERVICE (Revised 2/11/13) SERVICE*indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA 1516 NINTH STREET, SACRAMENTO, CA 95814 1-800-822-6228 ­ WWW.ENERGY.CA.GOV APPLICATION

  8. Towards a more inclusive and precautionary indicator of global sustainability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    an environmentally pessimistic, physical constraint on global warming. Our methodology extends the World Bank growth; technical progress #12;2 1. Introduction Are current levels of global human well1 Towards a more inclusive and precautionary indicator of global sustainability John C.V. Pezzeya

  9. *indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    *indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT COMMISSION OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA 1516 NINTH STREET, SACRAMENTO, CA 95814 1-800-822-6228 ­ WWW.ENERGY.CA.GOV APPLICATION New Albany, Ohio 43054 ross.metersky@bp.com APPLICANT'S CONSULTANTS URS Corporation Cynthia H. Fischer

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Relationship between ecological indicators (Arcellacea), total

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    significantly impacted by current THg concentrations. Keywords Athabasca Á Oil sands Á Mercury Á Contamination Á bitumen to syn- thetic crude oil involves coking, coke combustion, and production of wastes and fly ashORIGINAL ARTICLE Relationship between ecological indicators (Arcellacea), total mercury

  11. 2008 Erik Hinterbichler DESIGNING A BETTER ENERGY CONSUMPTION INDICATOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karahalios, Karrie G.

    in which HCI can contribute to energy conservation is in interfaces for residential energy consumption on the effects of energy consumption feedback in the home. From this analysis, we created a theoretical framework© 2008 Erik Hinterbichler #12;DESIGNING A BETTER ENERGY CONSUMPTION INDICATOR INTERFACE

  12. Discharge indices for water quality loads Richard M. Vogel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vogel, Richard M.

    : effective discharge, transport, sediment, constituents, rating curve, half-load Citation: Vogel, R. M., J. RDischarge indices for water quality loads Richard M. Vogel Department of Civil and Environmental load is ultimately the quantity of interest, we define a new index, the half-load discharge, which

  13. Aluminum Waste Reaction Indicators in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aluminum Waste Reaction Indicators in a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Timothy D. Stark, F.ASCE1 landfills may contain aluminum from residential and commercial solid waste, industrial waste, and aluminum American Society of Civil Engineers. CE Database subject headings: Solid wastes; Leaching; Aluminum

  14. 10/31/2011 1 Eco-Region Protection Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    10/31/2011 1 Eco-Region Protection Indicator for the 2011 release of the Natural Resource in the protected area points layer for the 2010 version of the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA) after to a weighted average of 17% of biome area protected, which is based on a revised target established

  15. The Community Loss Index: A New Social Indicator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Weigang

    and an aggregator of individ- ual experiences. Building on the relationship between loss and stress, the index at is growing due to mounting demand for accountability, outcome measures, evidence-based research, and indicators that reveal what works. In response, researchers like Jochen Albrecht and Laxmi Ramasubramanian ð

  16. absorption line indices: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    absorption line indices First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Dust Sensitivity of...

  17. DEVELOPMENT OF A CERAMIC TAMPER INDICATING SEAL: SRNL CONTRIBUTIONS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krementz, D.; Brinkman, K.; Martinez-Rodriguez, M.; Mendez-Torres, A.; Weeks, G.

    2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) are collaborating on development of a Ceramic Seal, also sometimes designated the Intrinsically Tamper Indicating Ceramic Seal (ITICS), which is a tamper indicating seal for international safeguards applications. The Ceramic Seal is designed to be a replacement for metal loop seals that are currently used by the IAEA and other safeguards organizations. The Ceramic Seal has numerous features that enhance the security of the seal, including a frangible ceramic body, protective and tamper indicating coatings, an intrinsic unique identifier using Laser Surface Authentication, electronics incorporated into the seal that provide cryptographic seal authentication, and user-friendly seal wire capture. A second generation prototype of the seal is currently under development whose seal body is of Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) construction. SRNL has developed the mechanical design of the seal in an iterative process incorporating comments from the SNL vulnerability review team. SRNL is developing fluorescent tamper indicating coatings, with recent development focusing on optimizing the durability of the coatings and working with a vendor to develop a method to apply coatings on a 3-D surface. SRNL performed a study on the effects of radiation on the electronics of the seal and possible radiation shielding techniques to minimize the effects. SRNL is also investigating implementation of Laser Surface Authentication (LSA) as a means of unique identification of each seal and the effects of the surface coatings on the LSA signature.

  18. Energy Saving Melting and Revert Reduction Technology (Energy-SMARRT): Surface/Near Surface Indication - Characterization of Surface Anomalies from Magnetic Particle and Liquid Penetrant Indications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Griffin, John [university of Alabama - Birmingham] [university of Alabama - Birmingham

    2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The systematic study and characterization of surface indications has never been conducted. Producers and users of castings do not have any data on which they can reliably communicate the nature of these indications or their effect on the performance of parts. Clearly, the ultimate intent of any work in this area is to eliminate indications that do in fact degrade properties. However, it may be impractical physically and/or financially to eliminate all surface imperfections. This project focused on the ones that actually degrade properties. The initial work was to identify those that degrade properties. Accurate numerical simulations of casting service performance allow designers to use the geometric flexibility of castings and the superior properties of steel to produce lighter weight and more energy efficient components for transportation systems (cars and trucks), construction, and mining. Accurate simulations increase the net melting energy efficiency by improving casting yield and reducing rework and scrap. Conservatively assuming a 10% improvement in yield, approximately 1.33 x 1012 BTU/year can be saved with this technology. In addition, CO2 emissions will be reduced by approximately 117,050 tons per year.

  19. Display device for indicating the value of a parameter in a process plant

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Scarola, Kenneth (Windsor, CT); Jamison, David S. (Windsor, CT); Manazir, Richard M. (North Canton, CT); Rescorl, Robert L. (Vernon, CT); Harmon, Daryl L. (Enfield, CT)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An advanced control room complex for a nuclear power plant, including a discrete indicator and alarm system (72) which is nuclear qualified for rapid response to changes in plant parameters and a component control system (64) which together provide a discrete monitoring and control capability at a panel (14-22, 26, 28) in the control room (10). A separate data processing system (70), which need not be nuclear qualified, provides integrated and overview information to the control room and to each panel, through CRTs (84) and a large, overhead integrated process status overview board (24). The discrete indicator and alarm system (72) and the data processing system (70) receive inputs from common plant sensors and validate the sensor outputs to arrive at a representative value of the parameter for use by the operator during both normal and accident conditions, thereby avoiding the need for him to assimilate data from each sensor individually. The integrated process status board (24) is at the apex of an information hierarchy that extends through four levels and provides access at each panel to the full display hierarchy. The control room panels are preferably of a modular construction, permitting the definition of inputs and outputs, the man machine interface, and the plant specific algorithms, to proceed in parallel with the fabrication of the panels, the installation of the equipment and the generic testing thereof.

  20. 2Q CY2003, Facility Representative Program Performance Indicators

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    meeting. At Richland, an FR identified significant issues related to the startup, engineering, and safety basis for the Sludge Water System. These efforts have identified...

  1. 1-125 Kettner Restructuring the Austrian Energy System: An extended

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steininger, Karl W.

    services in a sustainable way the guidelines "low energy ­ low carbon ­ low distance" should be used for providing energy services depends on the application and transformation technologies used. In buildings e the desired energy services in an efficient and sustainable way the guidelines "low energy ­ low carbon ­ low

  2. Drug repositioning and indication discovery using description logics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Croset, Samuel

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    behind the repurposing. Understanding the logic backing the 21 findings is paramount in order to build successful predictive methods later on. 1.2.1 Sildenafil: repositioning from clinical side-effects The National Health Service (NHS) defines angina as a... breast cancer preventive properties. This drug is an example of smart and continuous development, expanding from one indication to another. The fundamental reasons behind the repositioning are grounded on early-stage experimental evidence and not due to a...

  3. On the performance of bitmap indices for high cardinality attributes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, Kesheng; Otoo, Ekow; Shoshani, Arie

    2004-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    It is well established that bitmap indices are efficient for read-only attributes with a small number of distinct values. For an attribute with a large number of distinct values, the size of the bitmap index can be very large. To over come this size problem, specialized compression schemes are used. Even though there is empirical evidence that some of these compression schemes work well, there has not been any systematic analysis of their effectiveness. In this paper, we analyze the time and space complexities of the two most efficient bitmap compression techniques known, the Byte-aligned Bitmap Code (BBC) and the Word-Aligned Hybrid (WAH) code, and study their performance on high cardinality attributes. Our analyses indicate that both compression schemes are optimal in time. The time and space required to operate on two compressed bitmaps are proportional to the total size of the two bitmaps. We demonstrate further that an in-place OR algorithm can operate on a large number of sparse bitmaps in time linear in their total size. Our analyses also show that the compressed indices are relatively small compared with commonly used indices such as B-trees. Given these facts, we conclude that bitmap index is efficient on attributes of low cardinalities as well as on those of high cardinalities. We also verify the analytical results with extensive tests, and identify an optimal way to combine different options to achieve the best performance. The test results confirm the linearity in the total size of the compressed bitmaps, and that WAH out performs BBC by about a factor of two.

  4. Leachability of salmonella and fecal pollution indicator bacteria through soil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fehrmann, Robert Clinton

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Department (Member) / /. ' Member) August 1977 74M3- ABSTRACT Leachability of Salmonella and Fecal Pollution Indicator Bacteria through Soil. (August 1977) Robert Clinton Fehrmann, B. S. , Texas AM University Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr... microorganisms to be leached through soil, columns :ere filled with different soils and inoculs. ted with suspensions of fecal bacteria. Dif er ences in bacterial movement within a particular sni I, and bacterial movement between different types of soils...

  5. Performance indicators for 1st quarter CY 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Department-wide Performance Indicator (PI) Program for trending and analysis of operational data as directed by DOE Order 5480.26. The PI Program was established to provide a means for monitoring the environment, safety, and health (ES&H) performance of the DOE at the Secretary and other management levels. This is the ninth in a series of quarterly reports generated for the Department of Energy Field Office, Idaho (DOE-ID) by EG&G Idaho, Inc. to meet the requirements of the PI Program as directed by the DOE Standard. DOE-STD-1048-92 identifies four general areas of PIs. They are: Personnel Safety, Operational Incidents, Environment and Management. These four areas have been subdivided into 26 performance indicators. Approximately 115 performance indicator control and distribution charts comprise the body of this report A brief summary of PIs contained in each of these general areas is provided in the following pages. The four EG&G facilities whose performance is charted herein are as follows: (1) The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR); (2) The Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC); (3) The Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF) and (4) The Test Reactor Area (TRA) Hot Cells.

  6. Percentile Ranks and the Integrated Impact Indicator (I3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leydesdorff, Loet

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We tested Rousseau's (in press) recent proposal to define percentile classes in the case of the Integrated Impact Indicator (I3) so that the largest number in a set always belongs to the highest (100th) percentile rank class. In the case a set of nine uncited papers and one with citation, however, the uncited papers would all be placed in the 90th percentile rank. A lowly-cited document set would thus be advantaged when compared with a highly-cited one. Notwithstanding our reservations, we extended the program for computing I3 in Web-of-Science data (at http://www.leydesdorff.net/software/i3) with this option; the quantiles without a correction are now the default. As Rousseau mentions, excellence indicators (e.g., the top-10%) can be considered as special cases of I3: only two percentile rank classes are distinguished for the evaluation. Both excellence and impact indicators can be tested statistically using the z-test for independent proportions.

  7. A New System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S. Economy Focus on Manufacturing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roop, J. M.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. commitment to energy efficiency and conservation policy was emphasized in the National Energy Policy (NEP) made public in May 2001. Recommendation 14 in Chapter 4 of the NEP - "Making Energy Efficiency a National Priority" -recommended...

  8. Developing system-based leading indicators for proactive risk management in the chemical processing industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khawaji, Ibrahim A. (Ibrahim Abdullah)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The chemical processing industry has faced challenges with achieving improvements in safety performance, and accidents continue to occur. When accidents occur, they usually have a confluence of multiple factors, suggesting ...

  9. Fish condition as an indicator of water quality in upper Galveston Bay system, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matlock, Gary C

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) . Such lists have result, d from attentpts io associate individual specie' with different degrees ansi types cf pol:ution by va . ious in. es' lgators (:;elk~sitz and Marsson, 1908, 19C9i ', ". eston an! T ~rner, 1917; Richard on, 19' Bp' Rtvrsof p 1956...

  10. A New System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the U.S. Economy Focus on Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roop, J. M.

    The U.S. commitment to energy efficiency and conservation policy was emphasized in the National Energy Policy (NEP) made public in May 2001. Recommendation 14 in Chapter 4 of the NEP - "Making Energy Efficiency a National Priority" -recommended...

  11. Security of the Europena Electricity Systems: Conceptualizing the ssessment Criteria and Core Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jamasb, Tooraj Nepal, Rabindra

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

     external  events can be natural (such as natural calamities and severe weather conditions),  accidental  (such  as  explosions  and  nuclear  accidents)  or  human?engineered  malicious  threats  (such  as  terrorist  attacks,  sabotage  and  vandalism  and...  of the threats being natural, accidental or human?tailored.   2    1223  across  the UK,  Italy,  and North America  (Bompard et al., 2011)2.  In addition,  the  economic damages due to Japanese power failures in March 2011 in Fukushima in  the  wake  of  an  earthquake  and  subsequent  tsunami  underscore...

  12. Linear Performance Indices to Predict Oscillatory Stability Problems in Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cañizares, Claudio A.

    their stability limits due to economical and environmental constraints. Incidents of Submitted to IEEE Trans the financial support of NSERC, Canada, and the E&CE Department at the University of Waterloo. C. A. Ca.canizares@ece.uwaterloo.ca. N. Mithulananthan is with the Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand, mithulan

  13. The design of an intrusion security system using digital processing for alarm indication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holyoak, Joel Nelson

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    signal voltage for any moving ob)ect within the protected ares. After appropriate processing, the signal's amplitude is analog-to- digital converted. Amplitude variations are digitally processed by a Hewlett-Packard 2114B minicomputer. Depending... signal for reliable intrusion detection. lg 'k 0 4J 0 Ol 4J IU a 0 rl 'd C CCI 4 I CI '4 O W 0 CI CV 4J 4J Ql W 0 'tj 19 C H A P T E R III THE DESIGN OF THE LINEAR PROCESSOR The processing of the output voltage signal...

  14. Nonlinear waves in an array of zigzag waveguides with alternating positive and negative refractive indices

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kazantseva, E V [Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (National Nuclear Research University), Moscow (Russian Federation); Maimistov, A I [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Dolgoprudnyi, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Interaction of coupled waves propagating in a system of waveguides with alternating positive and negative refractive indices is studied theoretically. The zigzag configuration of the waveguides in the array allows communication not only between the nearest neighbours, but also with the waveguides beyond them. It is shown that the spectrum of linear waves in such a waveguide system has a bandgap. Partial solutions are found to the system of coupled waves corresponding to a stationary electromagnetic field pulse that propagates along the array of tunnel-coupled waveguides as a whole. Investigation of the interaction of nonlinear solitary waves has demonstrated numerically the stability of their relatively weak disturbances and collisions with each other. (nanogradient dielectric coatings and metamaterials)

  15. Use of composite environmental indicators in residential construction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Terianne C

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As a result of the damage caused by hurricane Katrina in August 2005, fifty percent of New Orleans residential housing was destroyed or severely damaged. A systems model is being developed at MIT for promoting resource ...

  16. Using Key Performance Indicators to Manage Energy Costs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Gorp, J. C.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern management systems rely heavily on information technology to set goals, track performance and communicate results. Energy management approaches (such as those offered by the US Department of Energy and Natural Resources Canada...

  17. DOE performance indicators for 2nd quarter CY 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has established a Department-wide Performance Indicator (PI) Program for trending and analysis of operational data as directed by DOE Order 5480.26. The PI Program was established to provide a means for monitoring the environment, safety, and health (ES&H) performance of the DOE at the Secretary and other management levels. This is the tenth in a series of quarterly reports generated for the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) by EG&G Idaho, Inc. to meet the requirements of the PI Program as directed by the DOE Standard (DOE-STD-1048-92). The information in this tenth quarterly report, while contributing to a historical database for supporting future trending analysis, does not at this time provide a sound basis for developing trend-related conclusions. In the future, it is expected that trending and analysis of operational data will enhance the safety culture in both DOE and contractor organizations by providing an early warning of deteriorating environment, safety, and health conditions. DOE-STD-1048-92 identifies four general areas of PIs. They are: Personnel Safety, Operational Incidents, Environment, and Management. These four areas have been subdivided into 26 performance indicators. Approximately 115 performance indicator control and distribution charts comprise the body of this report. A brief summary of PIs contained in each of these general areas is provided. The four EG&G facilities whose performance is charted herein are as follows: (1) The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), (2) The Radioactive Waste Management Complex (RWMC), (3) The Waste Experimental Reduction Facility (WERF), and (4) The Test Reactor Area (TRA) Hot Cells.

  18. Tamper-indicating device having a glass body

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Johnston, Roger G. (Los Alamos, NM); Garcia, Anthony R. E. (Espanola, NM)

    2003-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A tamper-indicating device is described. The device has a first glass body member and a second glass body member that are attached to each other through a hasp. The glass body members of the device can be tempered. The body members can be configured with hollow volumes into which powders, microparticles, liquids, gels, or combinations thereof are sealed. The choice, the amount, and the location of these materials can produce a visible, band pattern to provide each body member with a unique fingerprint identifier, which makes it extremely difficult to repair or replace once it is damaged in order to avoid tamper detection.

  19. Health studies indicate MTBE is safe gasoline additive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anderson, E.V.

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Implementation of the oxygenated fuels program by EPA in 39 metropolitan areas, including Fairbanks and Anchorage, Alaska, in the winter of 1992, encountered some unexpected difficulties. Complaints of headaches, dizziness, nausea, and irritated eyes started in Fairbanks, jumped to Anchorage, and popped up in various locations in the lower 48 states. The suspected culprit behind these complaints was the main additive for oxygenation of gasoline is methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE). A test program, hastily organized in response to these complaints, has indicated that MTBE is a safe gasoline additive. However, official certification of the safety of MTBE is still awaited.

  20. Optical-based smart structures for tamper-indicating applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sliva, P.; Anheier, N.C.; Simmons, K.L.; Undem, H.A.

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is a compilation of several related projects performed from 1991 through 1996 concerning the design, construction, and application of optical-based smart structure to tamper-indicating and sensing secure containers. Due to several influences, the projects were carried through to varying degrees of completion. Cancellation of the overall project at the client level motivated the authors to gather all of the technology and ideas about smart structures developed during these several projects, whether completed or just conceptualized, into one document. Although each section individually discusses a specific project, the overall document is written chronologically with each successive section showing how increased smart structure complexity was integrated into the container.

  1. Computer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a Dense Liquid Phase

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625govInstrumentstdmadapInactiveVisiting theCommercialization andComputer Simulations Indicate Calcium Carbonate Has a

  2. Carbon Ion Radiotherapy At Gunma University: Currently Indicated Cancer And Estimation Of Need

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ohno, Tatsuya; Nakano, Takashi; Kanai, Tatsuaki; Yamada, Satoru [Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, Gunma University, 3-39-22 Showa, Maebashi 371-8511 (Japan)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon ion radiotherapy for the first patient at Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center (GHMC) was initiated in March of 2010. The major specifications of the facility were determined based on the experience of clinical treatments at National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS). The currently indicated sites of cancer treatment at GHMC are lung, prostate, head and neck, liver, rectum, bone and soft tissue. In order to evaluate the potential need for treatment in the region including Gunma prefecture and the adjacent 4 prefectures, an estimation model was constructed based on the Japanese cancer registration system, regular structure surveys by the Cancer Societies, and published articles on each cancer type. Carbon ion RT was potentially indicated for 8,085 patients and realistically for 1,527 patients, corresponding to 10% and 2% of the newly diagnosed cancer patients in the region. Prostate cancer (541 patients) followed by lung cancer (436 patients), and liver cancer (313 patients) were the most commonly diagnosed cancers.

  3. The use of sequential indicator simulation to characterize geostatistical uncertainty; Yucca Mountain Site Characterization Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, K.M.

    1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sequential indicator simulation (SIS) is a geostatistical technique designed to aid in the characterization of uncertainty about the structure or behavior of natural systems. This report discusses a simulation experiment designed to study the quality of uncertainty bounds generated using SIS. The results indicate that, while SIS may produce reasonable uncertainty bounds in many situations, factors like the number and location of available sample data, the quality of variogram models produced by the user, and the characteristics of the geologic region to be modeled, can all have substantial effects on the accuracy and precision of estimated confidence limits. It is recommended that users of SIS conduct validation studies for the technique on their particular regions of interest before accepting the output uncertainty bounds.

  4. Elsevier Editorial System(tm) for Energy Manuscript Draft

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rucklidge, Alastair

    -efficiency and low-carbon energy-generation technologies in order to realise carbon reductions and alleviate fuel poverty. This work models households as dynamical nodes on a network for which the uptake of technologies

  5. Tamper-indicating seals : practices, problems, and standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnston, R. G. (Roger G.)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tamper-indicating seals have been used by customs officials for over 7,000 years. Today, seals are widely used to help counter theft, smuggling, sabotage, vandalism, terrorism, and espionage. Despite their antiquity and modern widespread use, however, there remains considerable confusion about seals, as well as a lot of misconceptions, wishful thinking, sloppy terminology, and poor practice. The absence of meaningful norms and standards, together with the surprisingly limited amount of research and development (R&D) in the field of tamper detection, has also hindered the effective use of seals. The Vulnerability Assessment Team (VAT) at Los Alamos National Laboratory has intensively studied tamper-indicating seals for the last 12 years. We have engaged in vulnerability assessments, R&D, consulting, and training for over two dozen United States government agencies and private companies, as well as for the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Euratom. The VAT has also analyzed over 200 different types of seals in detail. This paper summarizes some of our conclusions, recommendations, and warnings regarding seals and tamper detection.

  6. Business processes integration and performance indicators in a PLM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bissay, Aurélie; Lefebvre, Arnaud; Bouras, Abdelaziz

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an economic environment more and more competitive, the effective management of information and knowledge is a strategic issue for industrial enterprises. In the global marketplace, companies must use reactive strategies and reduce their products development cycle. In this context, the PLM (Product Lifecycle Management) is considered as a key component of the information system. The aim of this paper is to present an approach to integrate Business Processes in a PLM system. This approach is implemented in automotive sector with second-tier subcontractor

  7. Indication on the process-dependence of the Sivers effect

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gamberg, Leonard Paul [Penn State U., JLAB; Kang, Zhongbo [LANL; Prokudin, Alexei [JLAB

    2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the spin asymmetry for single inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions collected by AnDY experiment and the Sivers asymmetry data from semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering experiments. In particular, we consider the role color gauge invariance plays in determining the process-dependence of the Sivers effect. We find that after carefully taking into account the initial-state and final-state interactions between the active parton and the remnant of the polarized hadron, the calculated jet spin asymmetry based on the Sivers functions extracted from HERMES and COMPASS experiments is consistent with the AnDY experimental data. This provides a first indication for the process-dependence of the Sivers effect in different processes. We also make predictions for both direct photon and Drell-Yan spin asymmetry, to further test the process-dependence of the Sivers effect in future experiments.

  8. Vanadylporphyrins, indicators of kerogen breakdown and generation of petroleum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sundararaman, P. (Chevron Oil Field Research Company, La Habra, CA (USA)); Biggs, W.R.; Reynolds, J.G.; Fetzer, J.C. (Chevron Research Company, Richmond, CA (USA))

    1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Attempts at understanding the transformation of organic material into fossil fuels often relies on biomarkers, organic compounds present in the geological record that can be related to naturally-occurring molecules from specific organisms. While porphyrins were the first biomarkers identified in fossil fuels, no significant use has been made of them in geochemical correlation studies. The authors believe that one limitation to their usage has been inaccurate models proposed for the fate of porphyrins during catagenesis. Using laboratory pyrolysis experiments they show that the changes observed in vanadylporphyrin distribution during catagenesis is due to increasing dilution of preexisting DPEP vanadylporphyrins by ETIO vanadylporphyrins released from kerogen. In conjunction with a quantitative expression describing the change in vanadylporphyrin distribution during maturation called the Porphyrin Maturity Parameter (PMP), a basis is now provided for the use of vanadylprophyrins as indicators of onset of petroleum generation.

  9. Connectivity is a Poor Indicator of Fast Quantum Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David A. Meyer; Thomas G. Wong

    2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A randomly walking quantum particle evolving by Schr\\"odinger's equation searches on $d$-dimensional cubic lattices in $O(\\sqrt{N})$ time when $d \\ge 5$, and with progressively slower runtime as $d$ decreases. This suggests that graph connectivity (including vertex, edge, algebraic, and normalized algebraic connectivities) is an indicator of fast quantum search, a belief supported by fast quantum search on complete graphs, strongly regular graphs, and hypercubes, all of which are highly connected. In this paper, we show this intuition to be false by giving two examples of graphs for which the opposite holds true: one with low connectivity but fast search, and one with high connectivity but slow search. The second example is a novel two-stage quantum walk algorithm in which the walking rate must be adjusted to yield high search probability.

  10. *indicates change BEFORE THE ENERGY RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FOR CERTIFICATION FOR THE Docket No. 11-AFC-02 HIDDEN HILLS SOLAR ELECTRIC GENERATING SYSTEM PROOF OF SERVICE@gmail.com Nye County Water District L. Darrel Lacy Interim General Manager 2101 E. Calvada Boulevard Suite 100 Pahrump, NV 89048 llacy@co.nye.nv.us National Park Service Michael L. Elliott Cultural Resources

  11. ENHANCED SAFEGUARDS: THE ROLE OF SMART FUNCTIONAL COATINGS FOR TAMPER INDICATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mendez-Torres, A.; Martinez-Rodriguez, M.; Brinkman, K.; Krementz, D.

    2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This work investigates the synthesis of smart functional coatings (SFC) using chemical solution deposition methods. Chemical solution deposition methods have recently received attention in the materials research community due to several unique advantages that include low temperature processing, high homogeneity of final products, the ability to fabricate materials with controlled surface properties and pore structures, and the ease of dopant incorporation in controlled concentrations. The optical properties of thin films were investigated using UV-Vis spectroscopy, Raman, SEM and EDS, with the aim of developing a protective transparent coating for a ceramic surface as a first line of defense for tamper indication. The signature produced by the addition of rare earth dopants will be employed as an additional tamper indicating feature. The integration of SFC's as part of a broader verification system such as an electronic seals can provide additional functionality and defense in depth. SFC's can improve the timeliness of detection by providing a robust, in-situ verifiable tamper indication framework.

  12. Chromium isotopes as indicators of hexavalent chromium reduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Thomas M.

    2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the final report for a university research project which advanced development of a new technology for identifying chemical reduction of hexavalent chromium contamination in groundwater systems. Reduction renders mobile and toxic hexavalent chromium immobile and less toxic. The new method uses stable isotope ratio measurements, which are made using multicollector ICP-mass spectrometry. The main objectives of this project were completed during the project period and two peer-reviewed articles were published to disseminate the information gained.

  13. Geomorphic responses as indicators of paleoclimate and climatic change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There is little doubt that climate is an important parameter affecting the shape of the Earth`s surface. However absolute observance to the principles of climatic geomorphology leads us away from the study of processes because the analyses passes directly from climate to landscape form. An alternative approach is to examine the effects of climate change on the nature of the processes operating in the near surface environment. Utilizing this methodology, the climate-process relations take on greater significance, and lead to an understanding of the response(s) of geomorphic systems to shifts in climatic regime. Given that geomorphic systems respond to changes in climate regime, it should also be true that delineation of the changes in the types, rates, and magnitudes of geomorphic processes will provide insights into the timing and nature of past shifts in climate, particularly effective moisture. It is this approach that has been utilized herein. Specifically, geomorphic responses in eolian, lacustrine, and fluvial systems that have resulted in erosional and depositional events have been documented for several sites in Nevada (Figure 1), and used to infer the timing and character of climatic change in the Basin and Range Physiographic Province. The results and conclusions of the specific studies are provided.

  14. First Indication of Terrestrial Matter Effects on Solar Neutrino Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Renshaw; K. Abe; Y. Hayato; K. Iyogi; J. Kameda; Y. Kishimoto; M. Miura; S. Moriyama; M. Nakahata; Y. Nakano; S. Nakayama; H. Sekiya; M. Shiozawa; Y. Suzuki; A. Takeda; Y. Takenaga; T. Tomura; K. Ueno; T. Yokozawa; R. A. Wendell; T. Irvine; T. Kajita; K. Kaneyuki; K. P. Lee; Y. Nishimura; K. Okumura; T. McLachlan; L. Labarga; S. Berkman; H. A. Tanaka; S. Tobayama; E. Kearns; J. L. Raaf; J. L. Stone; L. R. Sulak; M. Goldhabar; K. Bays; G. Carminati; W. R. Kropp; S. Mine; M. B. Smy; H. W. Sobel; K. S. Ganezer; J. Hill; W. E. Keig; N. Hong; J. Y. Kim; I. T. Lim; T. Akiri; A. Himmel; K. Scholberg; C. W. Walter; T. Wongjirad; T. Ishizuka; S. Tasaka; J. S. Jang; J. G. Learned; S. Matsuno; S. N. Smith; T. Hasegawa; T. Ishida; T. Ishii; T. Kobayashi; T. Nakadaira; K. Nakamura; Y. Oyama; K. Sakashita; T. Sekiguchi; T. Tsukamoto; A. T. Suzuki; Y. Takeuchi; C. Bronner; S. Hirota; K. Huang; K. Ieki; M. Ikeda; T. Kikawa; A. Minamino; T. Nakaya; K. Suzuki; S. Takahashi; Y. Fukuda; K. Choi; Y. Itow; G. Mitsuka; P. Mijakowski; J. Hignight; J. Imber; C. K. Jung; C. Yanagisawa; H. Ishino; A. Kibayashi; Y. Koshio; T. Mori; M. Sakuda; T. Yano; Y. Kuno; R. Tacik; S. B. Kim; H. Okazawa; Y. Choi; K. Nishijima; M. Koshiba; Y. Totsuka; M. Yokoyama; K. Martens; Ll. Marti; M. R. Vagins; J. F. Martin; P. de Perio; A. Konaka; M. J. Wilking; S. Chen; Y. Zhang; R. J. Wilkes

    2014-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We report an indication that the elastic scattering rate of solar $^8$B neutrinos with electrons in the Super-Kamiokande detector is larger when the neutrinos pass through the Earth during nighttime. We determine the day/night asymmetry, defined as the difference of the average day rate and average night rate divided by the average of those two rates, to be $(-3.2\\pm1.1(\\text{stat})\\pm0.5(\\text{syst}))\\%$, which deviates from zero by 2.7 $\\sigma$. Since the elastic scattering process is mostly sensitive to electron-flavored solar neutrinos, a non-zero day/night asymmetry implies that the flavor oscillations of solar neutrinos are affected by the presence of matter within the neutrinos' flight path. Super-Kamiokande's day/night asymmetry is consistent with neutrino oscillations for $4\\times10^{-5}$eV$^2\\leq\\Delta m^2_{21}\\leq7\\times10^{-5}$eV$^2$ and large mixing values of $\\theta_{12}$, at the $68\\%$ C.L.

  15. On interrelations of recurrences and connectivity trends between stock indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goswami, B; Marwan, N; Kurths, J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Financial data has been extensively studied for correlations using Pearson's cross-correlation coefficient {\\rho} as the point of departure. We employ an estimator based on recurrence plots --- the Correlation of Probability of Recurrence (CPR) --- to analyze connections between nine stock indices spread worldwide. We suggest a slight modification of the CPR approach in order to get more robust results. We examine trends in CPR for an approximately 19-month window moved along the time series and compare them to {\\rho}. Binning CPR into three levels of connectedness: strong, moderate and weak, we extract the trends in number of connections in each bin over time. We also look at the behavior of CPR during the Dot-Com bubble by shifting the time series to align their peaks. CPR mainly uncovers that the markets move in and out of periods of strong connectivity erratically, instead of moving monotonously towards increasing global connectivity. This is in contrast to {\\rho}, which gives a picture of ever increasing...

  16. Tamper indicating and sensing optical-based smart structures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sliva, P.; Anheier, N.C.; Gordon, N.R.; Simmons, K.L.; Stahl, K.A.; Undem, H.A.

    1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper has presented an overview of the type of optical-based structures that can be designed and constructed. These smart structures are capable of responding to their environment. The examples given represent a modest sampling of the complexity that can be achieved in both design and practice. Tamper-indicating containers and smart, sensing windows demonstrate just a few of the applications. We have shown that optical-based smart structures can be made multifunctional with the sensing built in. The next generation smart structure will combine the sensing functionality of these optical-based smart structures with other sensors such as piezoelectrics and electro-rheological fluids to not only be able to respond to the environment, but to adapt to it as well. An example of functionality in this regime would be a piezosensor that senses pressure changes (e.g., shock waves), which then causes an electro-rheological fluid to change viscosity. A fiber sensor located in or near the electro-rheological fluid senses the stiffness change and sends a signal through a feedback loop back to the piezosensor for additional adjustments to the electro-rheological fluid.

  17. Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giuseppe Levi; Evelyn Foschi; Torbjörn Hartman; Bo Höistad; Roland Pettersson; Lars Tegnér; Hanno Essén

    2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental investigation of possible anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube named E-Cat HT is carried out. The reactor tube is charged with a small amount of hydrogen loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils inside the reactor tube. Measurement of the produced heat was performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras, recording data every second from the hot reactor tube. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected in two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively. An anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments. The 116-hour experiment also included a calibration of the experimental set-up without the active charge present in the E-Cat HT. In this case, no extra heat was generated beyond the expected heat from the electric input. Computed volumetric and gravimetric energy densities were found to be far above those of any known chemical source. Even by the most conservative assumptions as to the errors in the measurements, the result is still one order of magnitude greater than conventional energy sources.

  18. Indication of anomalous heat energy production in a reactor device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Giuseppe; Hartman, Torbjörn; Höistad, Bo; Pettersson, Roland; Tegnér, Lars; Essén, Hanno

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental investigation of possible anomalous heat production in a special type of reactor tube named E-Cat HT is carried out. The reactor tube is charged with a small amount of hydrogen loaded nickel powder plus some additives. The reaction is primarily initiated by heat from resistor coils inside the reactor tube. Measurement of the produced heat was performed with high-resolution thermal imaging cameras, recording data every second from the hot reactor tube. The measurements of electrical power input were performed with a large bandwidth three-phase power analyzer. Data were collected in two experimental runs lasting 96 and 116 hours, respectively. An anomalous heat production was indicated in both experiments. The 116-hour experiment also included a calibration of the experimental set-up without the active charge present in the E-Cat HT. In this case, no extra heat was generated beyond the expected heat from the electric input. Computed volumetric and gravimetric energy densities were found to be fa...

  19. Policy Applications of Energy Indicators | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroupPerfectenergyInformation to Reduce Emissions from theSystem

  20. The risk of buildings overheating in a low-carbon climate change future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banfill, P.F.G.; Jenkins, D.P.; Patidar, S.; Gul, M.; Menzies, G.F.; Gibson, G.J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An overheating risk tool that is compatible with building performance simulation software has been developed, using principal component analysis to give a statistically rigorous simplification of the UKCP09 probabilistic climate projections...

  1. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and wind power plants) could allow California and otherIn California, there are nearly a thousand power plants thatCalifornia Energy Commission Media Office. “Power Plant Fact

  2. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and wind power plants) could allow California and otherIn California, there are nearly a thousand power plants thatCalifornia Energy Commission Media Office. “Power Plant Fact

  3. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    public sector, and one in the private sector. Total energy consumptionenergy consumption increased by over 60% in the commercial building (including both public and private) sector.public sector ownership. 2.2.3 Energy data At the national or state level, end-use level energy consumption

  4. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye, Jayant; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Iyer, Maithili; McNeil, Michael; Kramer, Klaas Jan; Roy, Joyashree; Roy, Moumita; Chowdhury, Shreya Roy

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report analyzed the potential for increasing energy efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) in the non-residential building and the industrial sectors in India. The first two sections describe the research and analysis supporting the establishment of baseline energy consumption using a bottom up approach for the non residential sector and for the industry sector respectively. The third section covers the explanation of a modeling framework where GHG emissions are projected according to a baseline scenario and alternative scenarios that account for the implementation of cleaner technology.

  5. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Prospects for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells,” Organization forquiet and powerful. .Hydrogen and fuel cells also offer thevehicles (PHEVs), hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) are

  6. Review of China's Low-Carbon City Initiative and Developments in the Coal Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, David

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    waste water to create coal water slurry as an input to theis equipped with two coal water slurry gasifiers capable of

  7. Democratic Republic of Congo-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ClimateWorks, Project Catalyst, McKinsey and Company Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Forestry, Greenhouse Gas Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -LEDS,...

  8. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    gasolines and diesels, biogas, synthetic natural gas,manure- biodigesters (biogas). Biomethane has similarin landfill gas Methane in biogas from waste-water treatment

  9. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    manure- biodigesters (biogas). Biomethane has similargasolines and diesels, biogas, synthetic natural gas,in landfill gas Methane in biogas from waste-water treatment

  10. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that, nationally, a price of $40/ton biomass is necessary toof farm gate prices needed to increase biomass production inprice volatility has engendered a resurgence in coal-fired facilities, though more creative solutions such as the use of biomass

  11. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that, nationally, a price of $40/ton biomass is necessary toof farm gate prices needed to increase biomass production inprice volatility has engendered a resurgence in coal-fired facilities, though more creative solutions such as the use of biomass

  12. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    certification (m /total m ) Installed capacity of integratedFinancial Instruments Installed capacity by technology,share of total installed capacity/power generation/primary

  13. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    private firms use substantially higher discount rates than those considered appropriate for optimal public

  14. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    private firms use substantially higher discount rates than those considered appropriate for optimal public

  15. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nation to double solar capacity this year. ” China Daily, 132011, China also set the first unified benchmark solar feed-China has also set regional feed-in tariffs for nuclear, wind, and other renewable energy including solar

  16. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in San Francisco. ” Hybrid Cars. http://www.hybridcars.com/that uses conventional hybrid cars for its taxi service tohybrid, CNG, EV, NG) vehicles of the total vehicle fleet (government and private, buses, cars,

  17. Briefing Note 2010 1 Green Data Centres in a Low Carbon Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedersen, Tom

    , a figure comparable to the emissions from aviation. Given that the rapid growth in digital services appears and James Tansey, Climate Intelligence Unit, Centre for Sustainability and Social Innovation, Sauder School too will the energy needs and related emissions. The creation of green data centres offers a solution

  18. * Corresponding author -kfingerman@berkeley.edu 1 Integrating Water Sustainability into the Low Carbon Fuel Standard

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    * Corresponding author - kfingerman@berkeley.edu 1 Integrating Water Sustainability into the Low implications of bioenergy only take into account consumption by biorefineries. Because the feedstock

  19. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tax Incentives for Renewable Energy: Lessons for PublicGolden, CO: National Renewable Energy Laboratory. AvailableAnother Landmark Renewable Energy Law. ” 25 July 2011.

  20. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclear, and wind power plants) could allow California andwind whose generation is determined by natural patterns rather than a power plant

  1. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    nuclear, and wind power plants) could allow California andwind whose generation is determined by natural patterns rather than a power plant

  2. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    101 4.4.3.1 Coal-fired GenerationPolicies 4.4.3.1 Coal-fired Generation Standards For coal-Low-Emissions Coal-Fired Power Generation in Australia:

  3. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the future electricity generation fuel mix and reduce GHGgovernment); and fuel mix of electricity generation. Thefuel for Industry, Heating, Cooling, Electricity generation,

  4. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from electricity generation, direct fuel combustion tofuel consumption in the commercial sector is assumed to be used entirely for back-up electricity generation.

  5. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    methyl-tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), from gasoline by 2004.MTBE was used to meet a requirement for gasoline to containbeginning in 2002, replacing MTBE with ethanol. According to

  6. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    methyl-tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), from gasoline by 2004.MTBE was used to meet a requirement for gasoline to containbeginning in 2002, replacing MTBE with ethanol. According to

  7. Vietnam-Rapid Assessment of City Emissions (RACE) for Low Carbon...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ltd. Partner Asian Development Bank (ADB), Ministry of Planning Sector Land Focus Area Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Land Use, People...

  8. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and efficiency of world oil markets, the high value of oilis that the world oil market is very large and complex,rest of the global oil market available for rationalization.

  9. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and efficiency of world oil markets, the high value of oilis that the world oil market is very large and complex,rest of the global oil market available for rationalization.

  10. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Freight Transportation Modal Shares: Scenarios for a Low-Carbon Future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brogan, J. J.; Aeppli, A. E.; Beagan, D. F.; Brown, A.; Fischer, M. J.; Grenzeback, L. R.; McKenzie, E.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Vyas, A. D.; Witzke, E.

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Truck, rail, water, air, and pipeline modes each serve a distinct share of the freight transportation market. The current allocation of freight by mode is the product of technologic, economic, and regulatory frameworks, and a variety of factors -- price, speed, reliability, accessibility, visibility, security, and safety -- influence mode. Based on a comprehensive literature review, this report considers how analytical methods can be used to project future modal shares and offers insights on federal policy decisions with the potential to prompt shifts to energy-efficient, low-emission modes. There are substantial opportunities to reduce the energy used for freight transportation, but it will be difficult to shift large volumes from one mode to another without imposing considerable additional costs on businesses and consumers. This report explores federal government actions that could help trigger the shifts in modal shares needed to reduce energy consumption and emissions. This is one in a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency effort to pinpoint underexplored strategies for reducing GHGs and petroleum dependence related to transportation.

  11. The contribution of energy service contracting to a low carbon economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Abstract Energy service contracting can provide a cost-effective route to overcoming barriers to energy efficiency. Energy service contracts allow the client to reduce operating costs, transfer risk for a subset of energy services and energy using organisations. A challenge for both business strategy

  12. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assessments of biomethane production and upgrading toUpgrading techniques for landfill gas have improved so that landfill biomethane

  13. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    assessments of biomethane production and upgrading toUpgrading techniques for landfill gas have improved so that landfill biomethane

  14. Low Carbon Footprint and Ultra Low NOx Boilers through Efficiency Gain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, R,; Staedter, M.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control software. A UV or IR flame scanner is wired in series and closes the control circuit if and only if a flame is detected to prevent fuel from entering the combustion chamber without being burned. Other interlocks include: ? Purge Interlock... in environmental policy as well as vulnerability to fluctuating fuel prices require industrial and utility steam generation to find feasible, reliable and cost-effective solutions. Rather than focusing on alternative fuel types and drastic changes in plant...

  15. Assessing early investments in low carbon technologies under uncertainty : the case of Carbon Capture and Storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ereira, Eleanor Charlotte

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change is a threat that could be mitigated by introducing new energy technologies into the electricity market that emit fewer greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We face many uncertainties that would affect the demand ...

  16. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Change Info-Net. 2010. “ESCO Breakthrough. ” Available at:energy efficiency, the ESCO’s role is to help to acquire andimprovements. The U.S. ESCO market is considered mature with

  17. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    110 Table 4-14: WESTCARB carbon capture and sequestrationThat $25 charge might make carbon capture and storage (CCS)combined cycle with carbon capture and storage Natural gas

  18. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    61 4.3 Carbon capture andPart II: Policy Analysis Page 5 R12: Carbon capture andstorage If carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies

  19. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    110 Table 4-14: WESTCARB carbon capture and sequestrationThat $25 charge might make carbon capture and storage (CCS)combined cycle with carbon capture and storage Natural gas

  20. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    61 4.3 Carbon capture andPart II: Policy Analysis Page 5 R12: Carbon capture andstorage If carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies

  1. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    End use (combustion) Conventional Oil Onshore Offshore DeepConventional Oil Gasoline a Upstream emissions Combustionoil production and shipment, petroleum refining, and gasoline combustion.

  2. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    End use (combustion) Conventional Oil Onshore Offshore DeepConventional Oil Gasoline a Upstream emissions Combustionoil production and shipment, petroleum refining, and gasoline combustion.

  3. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuel in compressed natural gas vehicles or reformed toare over 125,000 natural gas vehicles in the United Statesthat peak natural gas demand for vehicles should not pose a

  4. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuel in compressed natural gas vehicles or reformed toare over 125,000 natural gas vehicles in the United Statesthat peak natural gas demand for vehicles should not pose a

  5. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in buildings/m 2 (PV, solar water heaters, geothermal) Thisbuildings/m 2 (PV, solar water heaters, geothermal) Same as

  6. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    about 3% of global petroleum production (Farrell and Brandtbetween conventional petroleum production and fossil-SCPs.Conventional petroleum production comprises many steps. A

  7. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    about 3% of global petroleum production (Farrell and Brandtbetween conventional petroleum production and fossil-SCPs.Conventional petroleum production comprises many steps. A

  8. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    multiple stages of the petroleum production process, whileinterests in petroleum exploration, production and refiningPetroleum Industry The oil industry can be divided into four sequential stages: exploration, production,

  9. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future perspectives Petroleum production in India has grown3. 5- Refinery Production of petroleum products in India has3.6.1 Overview Production of petroleum products in India has

  10. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a second facility at the Jamnagar site, which is expected to2008. When finished, Jamnagar will be the largest refining

  11. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    role of hydrogen in landfill gas utilization. Sacramento,landfills (yielding “landfill gas”) and livestock-manure-Diverted Methane in landfill gas Methane in biogas from

  12. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    commercial); percentage of landfill gas (methane) that islevel. ? Percentage of landfill gas (methane) that iscarbon emissions: landfill gas capture. Landfill gas is

  13. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    level. Percentage of landfill gas (methane) that is capturedenergy and reducing carbon emissions: landfill gas capture.Landfill gas is primarily methane; thus it can be captured

  14. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    role of hydrogen in landfill gas utilization. Sacramento,landfills (yielding “landfill gas”) and livestock-manure-Diverted Methane in landfill gas Methane in biogas from

  15. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lakes Regional Biomass Energy Program & Renewable Fuels1998. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, and chemicals.Carbon Fuel Standard For California Energy crops and biomass

  16. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lakes Regional Biomass Energy Program & Renewable Fuels1998. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, and chemicals.Carbon Fuel Standard For California Energy crops and biomass

  17. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies that are12: If carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies thatof carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies that are

  18. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    If carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies that are12: If carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies thatof carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies that are

  19. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Daniel Rutherford. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Tank ToLarry Waterland. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well Tos digest. TIAX LLC, “Full Fuel Cycle Assessment – Well to

  20. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pont, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well To TankJ. Pont, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well Toand L. Waterland. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well To

  1. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Daniel Rutherford. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Tank ToLarry Waterland. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well Tos digest. TIAX LLC, “Full Fuel Cycle Assessment – Well to

  2. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pont, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well To TankJ. Pont, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well ToM. Chan, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Tank To

  3. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and L. Waterland. 2007. Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well ToM. Chan, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Tank ToJ. Pont, et al. (2007). Full Fuel Cycle Assessment Well To

  4. The risk of buildings overheating in a low-carbon climate change future 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banfill, P.F.G.; Jenkins, D.P.; Patidar, S.; Gul, M.; Menzies, G.F.; Gibson, G.J.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    calculations like SAP or PHPP, whereas in non-domestic buildings SBEM (steady state) would be supported by dynamic simulations using IES-VE, TAS, ESP-r, Hevacomp and ClassCool. Accepting that an LCF tool will be needed eventually, professional preference... Regulations and therefore use the same building specifications as those required for SAP calculations. One professional suggested that ?two levels of a tool, one with a high level of information for someone trying to understand the issues, and another...

  5. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander; Sperling, Daniel

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could be used for bioethanol feedstocks. Grown currentlypotential for conventional bioethanol production are rice,ethanol production means bioethanol fermented from starch

  6. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could be used for bioethanol feedstocks. Grown currentlypotential for conventional bioethanol production are rice,ethanol production means bioethanol fermented from starch

  7. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed billing or energy consumption data and disclosureDetailed billing/energy consumption data and disclosureData Sharing Survey and database [120] Benchmarking Number of audits conducted X Website, brochures for energy consumption

  8. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zheng, Nina

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed billing/energy consumption data and disclosureDetailed billing or energy consumption data and disclosureenergy consumption and road congestion compared to use of personal cars. Data

  9. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    U.S. Department of Energy. “Biodiesel: Handling and Usecosts and benefits of biodiesel and ethanol biofuels." PNAS,aquatic species program--biodiesel from algae: NREL/TP-580-

  10. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cellulosic ethanol, and biodiesel. The renewable volumeof 1, whereas FAME biodiesel is assigned an equivalencysale, ethanol and/or biodiesel may need to be manufactured

  11. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    key parts of the oil industry, refining in particular, haveand refining, antitrust actions against oil monopolies, pollutant regulations) and actions to favor parts of the industry (oil industry can be divided into four sequential stages: exploration, production, refining,

  12. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 2: Policy Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    key parts of the oil industry, refining in particular, haveand refining, antitrust actions against oil monopolies, pollutant regulations) and actions to favor parts of the industry (oil industry can be divided into four sequential stages: exploration, production, refining,

  13. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Klass, D.L. 1998. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, andLakes Regional Biomass Energy Program & Renewable Fuelsto accrue to renewable diesel fuels from biomass, whether as

  14. A Low-Carbon Fuel Standard for California, Part 1: Technical Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Alexander E.; Sperling, Dan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Klass, D.L. 1998. Biomass for renewable energy, fuels, andLakes Regional Biomass Energy Program & Renewable Fuelsto accrue to renewable diesel fuels from biomass, whether as

  15. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    20Fund%20-%20Thailand.pdf ETSU. 1999. Industrial SectorSee discussion of this report in ETSU, AEA Technology. 2001.environment/ccl/pdf/etsu-analysis.pdf European Commission,

  16. Synthesis of energy technology medium-term projections Alternative fuels for transport and low carbon electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Synthesis of energy technology medium-term projections Alternative fuels for transport and low on the costs of a range of `alternative' energy sources for electricity generation and transport markets;Alternative fuels for transport and electricity generation: A technical note on costs and cost projections

  17. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Senior Vice President, Haldia Petrochemical Limited.Mr.Kaushik Saha, Haldia Petrochemical Limited.Mr.Kaustav Basak, Haldia Petrochemical Limited. Mr.Partha

  18. Edinburgh Research Explorer Modelling Urban scale Retrofit, Pathways to 2050 Low Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    electricity consumption in Wales with power generated from renewable sources by 2025 (WAG, 2009) which would to engage with the modelling process. INTRODUCTION The UK government has set an ambitious target of 80 retrofit design process need to be researched further. The Welsh Government have committed to achieving

  19. Strategies for Low Carbon Growth In India: Industry and Non Residential Sectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    consumption, total electricity demand of each building type is calibrated to governmentElectricity Consumption in Hospitals Hospital No. of Beds Estimated (kWh/Bed/year) Government

  20. A Guidebook for Low-Carbon Development at the Local Level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Nan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Shah, C. 2011. “Power Purchase Agreements. ” Golden, CO:Policy Description Power purchase agreements (PPAs) arepurchase price. If load shifting is successful, TOU pricing can help eliminate power